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U. S. A. 

ll'NE, 1 11(10 



After several montlis of tediouf^ work, I present this volume of Doii.i^las 
County Biography and History to its subscribers. Like all local works of its 

^- nature there will be no doubt criticisms, as it is impossible to please every- 
body. I have endeavored to do the work conscientiously. The biographies 
were all carefully written and submitted in type to each individual and the 

^ errors consequently reduced to the minimum. Hoping tin; book will fully 


^come up to your expectations, 
rt I am yours respectfully, 



June, 1900. Logansport, Indiana. 







Archaeologists tell us that the white race is 
the third, and perhaps the fourth, race that has 
possessed this laud. The evidences of the pres- 
ence of the earlier races are not abundant in all 
parts of the country, hut sutiicient is learned of 
their habits. nunil)ers and power to lead to the 
conclusion that they dominated the region 
within which the territory of Douglas county 
lies. Robinson Crusoe's unexpected discovery 
of a human footprint upi>n the sands of his 
deserted island was hardly more startling than 
have been the discoveries of antiquarians in 
luu-ojic within the past twenty-five years. 
Scientific followers of Usher and Petarius had 
placed the various migrations of men, the con- 
fusion of tongues, the peoi)ling of continents — 
the whole evolution of human society — within 
the narrow compass of a little more than forty 
centuries, when the discovery of the geologist 
and ethnologist developed the trace of htuuan 
e.xistence dating back to a possible period of 
30,000 years. Nor are confirmatory evidences 
wanting to show that the "ekler man" had 
found a place in the New World. The gold- 

drift of California has supplied abundant tes- 

timonv to the high anti(|uity of man. and 
notably the "Pliocene skull," the ])opular con- 
ception of which is derived niore wi<lel\-. ])er- 
haps, from a characteristic \)nvn\ by liret llarte 
than from scientific publications. E.xplorations 
in Illinois, Missouri and South Carolina have 
yielded similar testimony, and while it should be 
stated that in many cases these evidences rest 
upon the testimony of single observers, and 
that there is not that recurrence of "finds" 
which would render "assurance doubly sure," 
yet there seems no room to reasonably doubt 
the presence here of that "oldest inhabitant." 


Descending to a later time, and one prob- 
ably falling within the historic period, the more 
tangible traces of an early race of men are 
foimd. Of this race, named from the cliai-acter 
of their remains, the iMoimd-P.uilder.s, the 
evidences are found vastly multiplied, and of 
such a character as to aft'ord lueans of a reason- 
able Ci.>n)ecture as to their mode of life, their 
advancement in civilization, and final destinv- 


Tliese evidences, tliousli first accepted with 
,yrpat distrust, have l)een so amplified and cun- 
firnied 1)V nmre recent researclies as to leave no 
r(Hiiii tor intelligent dissent to the former exis- 
tence of this race. The remains upon which 
this conclusion is based, "consi.sts," says Mr. 
Foster in his " I're-historic Races of the Lhiited 
States," "of tiunuli, symmetrically raised and 
often inclo.sed in matheiuatical figures, .sucli as 
the square, the octagon and circle, with long 
lines of circumvallation : nf ]iits in the solid 
rock, and rubbish heaps formed in the pros- 
ecution of their mining operations, and of a 
variety of utensils, wrought in stone, copper, 
or moulded in clay." To the uninstructed mind 
the mounds, doubtles.s, seem a very sligiit foun- 
dation upon which to rear the fabric of a 
national existence, and yet to the archaeol- 
ogist thev furnish "proof as strong as Holy 
Writ:" in them they find as distinctive charac- 
teri.stics as mark the pre-historic remains of 
the Pelasgi, the wall-builders of Europe, a not 
dissimilar race in many respects, and one which 
long ago found a place in the realities of his- 
tory; and while they differ in external form, 
and are scattered over a wide scope of country 
— characteristics in marked contrast with those 
of the aboriginal race found here in possession 
of the county; yet the scientist finds in each 
mound the ne\er-failing marks of a race 

The wiflest divergence from the typical 
mound is found in Wisconsin. Here, instead 
of the circular or pyramidal structure, are 
found forms, for the most part, consisting of 
rude, gigantic imitations of various animals 
of the region, such as the buffalo, bear, fox, 
wolf, etc. ; of the eagle and night-hawk, the 
lizard and turtle, and in soiue instances the 

unmistakable form of man. These, though 
not raised high abo\'e the surface, and even in 
some cases represented intaglio, attain the 
largest dimensions ; one, representing a serpent, 
extending sex'en hundred feet, and another, 
representing a turtle, had a Ijody fifty-six and 
a tail two hundred an<l fifty feet long. The 
significance of these peculiar forms has not 
been determined, 1)Ut unmistakable evidences 
have been discovered which mark them as the 
wor kof the same race whose structures are 
found elsewdiere so numerous throughout the 
Mississippi Valley. 

Typical Structures are sometimes classified 
with reference to their purpose, as Inclosures 
— I, for defense: 2, sacred: 3, miscellaneous. 
Mounds — I, of sacrifice; 2, for temple sites: 
3, of sepulture; 4. of observation. Of the first 
class, the inclosures for defense seem to have 
been constructed simply for protection against 
hostile attack. The locations chosen are those 
best adapted naturally to repel a military ap- 
proach. The inclosure is gained usually by 
a steep and narrow way, requiring the assail- 
ant to place himself at immense disadvantage, 
while the garrison, pro\ided with parapets 
often constructed of rubble stone, could fight 
under cover, and perhaps found in these stones 
his store of animuniti< m. The sacred inclosure 
included within its lines the mounds of sac- 
rifice, temple sites, and sepulture, as all of these 
uses were sacred to the Mound- Builders, and 
yet in the "American Bottom" where the 
mound system reached its highest development, 
the mounds of these classes is not inclosed. The 
mounds of sacrifice, or altars, as they are 
variously termed, are generally characterized 
by the fact, "that they occur only within the 
vicinity of the inclosures or sacred places; that 


t1iey are stratified ; and that they contain well serve as a type. When in all its intcg'rity. 

symmetrical altars of burned clay or stone, on this mound formed a hug'c paralelonram, with 

which were de])iisited various remains, \\hich sides at the base, respectixx'ly fi\e hundred ;uid 

in all cases lia\e been more or less subjected se\en hundred feet in lenL;th, tnwcriui^' the 

li> the actiiiu of lire." ( S(|nicr and l)a\is' hcii;lil i if ninely feet. ( )ii the southwest fhere 

Ancient Monuments.) In relation to this w , -is a terr.nce, < mc hundred and si.xty by three 

1,'iler characteristic, it should be said that it is hundred feel, wliii'h was reached by a i;radc(l 

mil at all pl.aiii that the use of hre was intended way, and the summit was truncated, .alTi ir<liiii^- 

I'or ci"ematiiiu. .\ thin coatint;' of moist clay a platl'nrm twn hundred by hmr hundred feet, 

was ap|)lied to the body, nude or wrapped in This structure, u])iin which was pnibably 

cloth, and npuu this a ilre was maintained for re;n"C(l ;i spacious tem]ile, pcrlia]is the principal 

a longer or shorter period, but in most cases nne in the emi)ire, covered ;ui are.a of .abnut six 

the heat w;is ui it sufticieut tn dcstrii)' the cloth, acres, while in close ])roxinn'ty were four 

sometimes found in a £;'ood state of ])reserva- clc\'ated platforms varyins,^ from two Innidred 

tion. This e\idently did not result from a and fifty to llu-ee hundre<l feet in diameter, 

lack of knowledi^e, as cremation and urn The i^iXTit mound ;it St. Louis reached ;i height 

burial was also ])racticed. of tliirtyli\'e feet, .and that at Marietta to 

Temple mounds are described by S(pn'ei' .about the s.ame heit^ht. 
and Davis as "distinguished bv their s^reat "Sepulchral mounds," says Mr. h'oster 

rei^ularitv of form and L^ lars;'e dinien- "consists often of ;i simple knoll, or .l;i'ou]) of 

sions. Tliev consist chiellv of p\'ramidal struc- knolls, of no considerable heit^ht, without .any 

tures. truncated, rmd t;enerally b.axinsj;- graded delinite arrangement. I'lxamples of this chru-- 

.avenues to their tops. In some instances they acter maybe seen at Dubuque, Merom, t'hicago 

are terraced, or have successive stages. But and T,a Porte, which, on exploration, ha\'e 

whatever their form, whether round, o\al, yielded skulls differing widely irom the Indian 

octangular, square or oblong, they h,a\e invari- type. * * The corpse was alm<ist iuvari- 

abl\- llat or le\el to]is," ;md upon these were .ably pl.aceil near the original surlace of the 

proli,ibl\' constructed their lempk-s. but which, soil, t-ii\ x'loijed in b.ark or coarse matting, ;uid, 

constructed of ])erish;ible m.iteiaals. h;i\c left in a few inst.aiices, fi'.agments ol cloth Iia\e been 

no trace of their existence. This class of obser\ ed in this eoimeclion. .Sometimes a \anlt 

nioinids is not fonnd alon the kage region, or of limber w;is built o\er it, and in iilhers it line which seems to mark the farthest was enclosed in long and bi'oad ll.ags ol stone, 

adxance of this ])eo])le. The i)rinci])al struc- Sometimes it was ])laced in a sitting position, 

tures of this class are found at Cahokia, Illinois; again it extended, and still ag.ain coni- 

near Florence and I'laiborn, Kentucky; at ])resscd within contracted limits. Trinkets 

Seltzertown, Mississippi: at Marietta, Newark were often strung about the neck, and w^ater 

and Chillicothe, Ohio, and St. Louis, IMissouri. jugs, drinking cups and vases, which i)robably 

The momid at C'ahoki.a, "the mou.arch of all contained food, were jilaced near the head, 

similar structures in the laiited Sl.ates." may Over the corpse, thus arniyed, .a circular mound 



was often raised, l)ut sometimes nothing more 
tlian a liillock." Otlier mounds have heen 
found tliat favored the theory tliat many of 
tliese structures were used for miscellaneous 
burial. Mounds of observation is rather a 
fanciful classification intended to mark mounds 
found on elevated points of land. The authors 
of this classification think that these may have 
been used as platforms on which to build sig- 
nal fires, and such are their elevation and out- 
look that such signals could have lieen seen at a 
great distance. This theory of special purpose, 
however, has not been accepted as supported 
by any speciol evidence. They may have been 
so used, or simply as an eligible site for resi- 

There is, in addition to these mounds, a 
large number of which are not embraced in 
this classification, which, following Mr. F. W. 
Putnam, whom Mr. Foster quotes at length, 
may be called "habitation mounds." A large 
number of these are described as located at 
Merom, Indiana, and a group of fifty-nine 
mounds at Hutsonville, Illinois, a few miles 
above the former place and across the Wabash 
river. These mounds were carefully examined, 
to ascertain if they were places of burial, with- 
out discovering a single bone or implement of 
any kind, but, on the contrary, the excavations 
showed that the mounds had been made of 
various materials at hand, and in one case ashes 
were found, which had ])robably been scraped 
u]) with other material and thrown upon the 
heap. In the ancient fort at Merom, in 
depressions found within the earth works, were 
found striking evidences of food having been 
cooked and eaten there, and the conclusion 
drawn by Mr. Putnam is that pits were 
the houses of the inhabitants or defenders of 

the fort, who were probably further protected 
fniin the elements and the missiles of assailants 
liy a roof of logs and Ijark, or boughs. Another 
writer, (Hon. William McAdams, Jr., Otter- 
ville, Illinois), in a paper read before the 
American Association for the Advancement of 
Science, at their Boston meeting, August, i83o, 
says : "There is in this region a peculiar class 
of mounds, that was for a long time a puzzle to 
me. They are usually found in groups of from 
two or three to twenty or thirty, and even more, 
and are generally on some pleasant knoll or 
rising ground in the vicinity of a spring or 
water-course, especially in the vicinity of our 
prairies or level areas of land. The mounds are 
from one to three, and in a few instances even 
four feet in height, and from twenty to fifty 
feet in diameter. One mound of the group is 
always larger than the rest, and always occu- 
pies a cnmmanding position. Sometimes the 
group is arranged in a circle ; other groups have 
no apparent design in arrangement. Numbers 
of these mounds can be seen in the cultivated 
fields. Although I have made excavations in 
them, and dug trenches entirely through them, 
I have found nothing but ashes, charcoal, 
decayed portions of bones of fishes and animals 
partially liurned, shells from adjacent streams, 
flint chippings, and in one or two instances a 
flint implement of a rude character. 

"After examining many of these structures, 
I am induced to believe that they are possibly 
the remains of ancient dwellings, made by plac- 
ing in an upright position the trunks of young 
trees in a circle, or in parallel rows, the tops of 
the poles inclining inward and fastened together, 
the w hole being covered with earth and sod to 
form a roof, or in the same manner as many 
Indian tribes make their mud lodges; as, for 



instance, the Mandans and tlie Omahas. Such 
a structure, after lieing repaired from time to 
time Iivflie adih'tion of more cartli on tnp.wc^uld 
finally, by tiie decay of the poles, fall inward, 
and the ruins would form a slight mound. 
Consant and Putnam describe such mounds 
in Missouri and Tennessee, some of the largest 
of these ancient towns being provided with 
streets and highways. They are also found in 
southern Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. Putnam 
has described an inclosed town in Tennessee, 
in which were many low mounds, or rather, 
as he calls them, earth circles, that he has 
])retty conclusively shown to be sites of the 
lodges or houses of the people." 

These are the main evidences brought for- 
ward to show that the Inchan was the author 
of the mound system, and probably describe the 
character of the mounds found in Douglas 
county. On the farm of Wesley Blaase, in 
liourbon township, some mounds have been 
found, from one of which human remains were 
taken. Other elevations, evidently formed by 
human hands, are found elsewhere in the 
county, but no proper investigation has been 
made of them to determine their relation to this 
race, if indeed they are true mounds. There is 
no presumption against the facts ; but the data 
given are so insufficient as to leave no ground 
to base an intelligent o]iiniiin. This region 
was undoubtedly within the range of their 
influence, and doubtless these mysterious 
beings roamed over the place now i)ossessed 
by successive races of red and white meri. 


The obvious in(|uiry suggested by these 
conclusions is. Who succeeded this extinct 
race? To this question science offers no com- 

plete answer. Two hypotheses are entertained 
as to the origin of the Mound-Builders here. 
The one supposes them to be of autothionic 
<nigin, and that semi-civilization originating 
here flowed southward, and culminated in the 
wonderful develo])ments of the Toltecs, of 
Mexico; the other su])poses them to have orig- 
inated in the South American continent or in 
Central America, and to have emigrated north- 
ward from natural causes, and later to have 
returned to Mexico, driven from their northern 
eni])ire liy an irresistible foe, or by a powerful 
political eruption among themselves. Upon 
anv theory, the line of their most northward 
advance is pretty clearly defined, and writers 
upon this subject generally agree that the line 
of defenses, "extending from the sources of the 
Allegheny and Susquehanna in New York 
diagonally across the country, through central 
and northern Ohio, to the Wabash," accurately 
indicates the region from whence attacks were 
made and expected, and marks the farthest 
extent of the Mound-Builders' em])ire. But 
what was the character of the foe, what his 
action on the retreat of the Mound-Builders, 
and what his final destiny, is an unwritten page 
of science, for which there exists little data. 
It is a later sugestion that the North American 
Indian may be a degenerate ^but legitimate 
descendant of the dominant race, or even the 
.Mound-[5uildersthem.selves,but there is abroad 
cliasm to be bridged l)efore these early races 
can be linked with the al)original tribes. With- 
ont making any such attempt, however, the 
Indian naturally succeeds this people in 
regular historical order, and, passing over the 
vexed ijuestion of his origin, it is sutTicient 
that the whites everywhere found him in full 
possession of the country. 



TliL' natural lial)ilat of the Indian is in the 
tiniher, and Douj^las county possessing Init 
little, there are few or no local traditions con- 
cerning thcni. Tiie early Im-cucIi explorers 
found the tril)es of the lllini nation along the 
banks of the Illinois river, where, imder La 
Salle's influence, they were re-enforced by other 
tribes or remnants of eastern savages. Sub- 
secpienlly the Iroquois devastated the upper 
waters of the Illinois, and the land was occu- 
pied by other tribes, among which were the 
Kickapoos. The later treaties of the general 
goverunicnt brought a number of other tribes 
to this vicinity, which remained until the gen- 
eral removal from the state about 1832. The 
grand prairie, however, served only as a great 
hunting ground to the various tribes located in 
the state, and seldom afforded a site for a vil- 
lage, save in the heavily timbered margin at 
some points. In Douglas county there were no 
such sites, and while there are evidences of 
their having been here, it was proliably only 
for the purpose of hunting. There is a tra- 
dition that the government surveyors were 
attacked by a roving band in the eastern part of 
the county, .and while it is quite jjossible there 
is no definite information in regard to it. But 
few of the early settlers saw any here, as they 
had generally left l)efore the date of the earliest 
arrivals. John Hammet, who came to Cam- 
argo townsiiip in 1S30, was visited by a large 
number of Indians during his first winter here. 
Harrison Gill came to Camargo in the same 
year, and it is related that on one occasion he 
visited a camp of the natives at Hugo, where 
his uncle jocosely informed the chief that the 
younger man was in quest of a wife. The 
announcement created some commotion among 
the fair sex, and there was "gathering in hot 

haste." There was no objection to color, pro- 
vided he coukl hunt, and so pressing was the 
interest manifested by these untutored maidens, 
that Gill was forced to escape under the plea 
that he was a poor hunter. During all the 
intercourse of the savages with early settlers, 
the Indian showed himself a good citizen, and 
did not exhibit his usual propensity to steal or 
molest the whites in any way. 


The open i)rairie country of Douglas 
county greatly retarded the settlement of this 
section of Coles county. A few came here 
previous to 1850, but the great bulk of the pub- 
lic lands was occupied by actual owners subse- 
quent to that date. The first settlement in 
Coles county as originally formed was about 
1824, and subsequent additions to the white 
population found homes at widely separated 
points, from the Cumberland road on the south, 
to Camargo on the north. The original pioneer 
of Douglas county was John Richman, who, in 
1829, settled in Camargo township. He was 
a native of Greenbrier county. West Virginia, 
and came with his father w hen a lad of sixteen 
years to Vermilion county, Illinois. The 
journey was made over the teilious roads of 
the frontier in wagons accompanied by a drove 
of sheep, horses and cattle. Here the family 
lived on and worked a rented farm for two or 
three years. In the meanwhile the father, ac- 
companied by a friend, made a visit to the Em- 
barrass timber in quest of honey. Here in 
eight or ten days they secured several barrels 
of honey, and in the course of their rambles 
became so enamored with the country that Mr. 
Richman determined to remove to this region. 


In May of the following year, 1829, the family Harrison Gill, who may he noted as 

removed and took np their residence a mile and the first purchaser of land in Douglas county, 

a half from the present site of Camargo village was a native of Kcnlucky, and belonged to the 

in the timber skirting the Embarrass river, family mited in that state. Other branches of 

.At this time there was not another white fam- the family came to Palestine in Crawford 

ily within the present limits of Douglasscounty. county about 1812, and found refuge in old 

and none in Coles north of Charleston. For Fort La Motte for some time. At the paciiica- 

upward of a year the Richmans lived in this lion of the Indians, the (iills settled on the 

solitude, when llicy were joined by Harrison Sandy Prairie, Imt James Gill a few years 

Gill, and perhaps some si.x months later by later moved further north and settled on the 

Isaac Moss, who settled about a mile east of Embarrass, near the northern lines of the pres- 

the present village of Camargo. The Indians ent Cumberland county. On reaching the age 

were in the neighborhood for three years after of twenty-one, Harrison Gill found himself 

the advent of these pioneers, their village possessed of a few hundred (lollars, and upon 

occupying the present site of Bridgeport. The the advice of his father proceeded to Illinois t 

savages came in the fall for hunting, and invest his capital in land. Visiting his family 

stayed through the winter, and in the spring relatives in the slate, he found his uncle in 

went north to their corn-fields. The first sum- Cumberland county busy in shingling his In'st 

mer, the Richmans lived in a temporary camp permanent cabin, and .it once engaged to 

built of logs split in twain, wdiile the male por- assist in completing the job. This done the 

tion of the family devoted their efforts to two made a tour northward in search of lands 

breaking the prairie, and securing a harvest, but for investment. The first jioint above Charles- 

they soon found their team power inadequate ton where a .settlement had been made was at 

for the undertaking, and resorted to the timber, the mouth of Brushy Fork, where Maj. Ash- 

The work of clearing and putting in the crop more had begun an improvement. He was 

consumed the time until the lOth of July, when pleased with the appearance of the country, 

ihev had the satisfaction of .seeing fourteen and selected land in the northwest (|u;irter of 

acres planted in corn. Their next care was to section 35, and the west half of the .southwest 

provide a permanent shelter from the rigors of ([uarter of the s.anie section, in townshij) 15 

the winter. Logs were procured and i)artly north, range 10 cast, ;iud .at once repaired to 

hewed, when the grim terror of piiinecr life. the the land citlice .at I'alestine, where the entry 

ague, laid seven of the eleven nu-mbers of tlie was pri.]KTly recorded. The ]>.itents, which 

family ])rostrate. I'or months the are still ret.aincd .as .a souvenir by the family, 

f.amily were obliged to give uji further work were signed by Andrew j.ackson, as I'rcsident, 

on their improvements, .and the winter found on the Nth of .M.arcli, iS^o. Mr. Gill h,as not 

them still occupying the original cabin. ( )n been a citizen of the county, having returned to 

the following year the hewed log house Kentucky sot)n after his jjurchase of the land. 

fiui.shed and occupied, and still remains a land- John liammet was scarcely .second to (Jill 

mark of the olden time. in his entry of land in this comity; he visited 



Illinois in 1828, and entered eight hundred 
acres of land north of the present site of Cam- 
ergo village, in company with Gill. Mr. Ham- 
met was a native of Virginia, from whence he 
moved to Kentucky, where his son, James R., 
was born. It was not until the fall of 1830 
that he moved to his new purchase. The house- 
hold goods were brought from Kentucky by 
teams of horses and oxen — Mrs. Hammet and 
smaller children coming in a carriage. It was 
November before the family reached the site 
of their new home, and before the cabin could 
be erected winter was at hand. The family 
was therefore obliged to find shelter in a tent 
with a large fire before the opening to keep off 
the cold. The under bed ticks had been filled 
with blue grass seed in Kentucky, and upon 
these the feather beds were placed and drawn 
near the fire. This winter was very severe, as 
was the following one, which is known as the 
season of the great snow, and many of the 
Indians in the vicinity made frequent visits to 
this new addition to the white settlement. At 
the time of the arrival of the Hammets, there 
were only two families of permanent settlers 
in the territory of Douglas county, though 
some squatters had taken up their residence in 
the southern part and who removed soon after- 
ward. The family suffered great privations 
during the first years. No provisions had 
been brought from Kentucky, and everything 
during the first winter was only to be procured 
at a point on the Vermillion river, near the 
present site of Indianola. Their milling was 
afterward done at a still greater distance, at 
Eugene, Indiana, some forty miles away. John 
Hammet died in the winter of 1834, leaving the 
care of the farm and family to his widow, who 
discharged her responsibilities in a way to show 

how great a debt the country owes to its pioneer 

Eli Sargent was a settler in Douglas county 
in the same year. He was a native of Mary- 
land, but had subsequently emigrated to Ohio 
where his children were born. An.xious to 
avail himself of the cheap lands in Illinois, he 
made a journey here, accompanied only by his 
son, Snowden. They left home on the i8th of 
March, and proceeded down the Ohio river to 
Evansville, Indiana, on a flat-boat. Here they 
continued their journey overland, crossing the 
Wabash at Vincennes and directing their 
course to Paris. Mr. Sargent's original inten- 
tion was to seek a location in Buffalo Heart 
Grove in Sangamon county, a point he had 
greatly admired when he passed through 
it, returning from a trip to Missouri two years 
before. Coming through Walnut Prairie, some 
fifteen miles below Marshall, Clark county, 
Illinois, he learned of Walnut Point, on the 
Embarrass river, where Ashmore had made a 
settlement. The favorable reports of this loca- 
tion determined him to visit it, and so pleased 
was he upon examination, that he entered four 
hundred acres here when he returned to Pales- 
tine. The household goods were promptly 
brought forward in wagons, and arrived at the 
new location in April, 1830, Mrs. Sargent 
arriving soon afterward. A wigwam in the 
Indian fashion was the first erected, and later 
the usual cabins which served the family as 
homes for several years. Maj. Ashmore was 
the only settler in this township (Sargent). 
In 1834 Mr. Sargent died, leaving his son, 
Snowden Sargent, to care for his family. 

William Brian, a native of Ohio, came to 
Douglas county in 1834, and entered one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land in section 18, 



township i6 nortli, range 7 east. He arrived 
at this point in June and erected a cabin, return- 
ing then to bring liis family, consisting of his 
wife and four children. He returned to Illi- 
nois in the following September, and cultivated 
his farm for about a year, when he removed to 
the farm which is known as the old homestead 
For several years he was the only resident of 
what is now Tuscola township. Jacob Taylor 
was probably the first settler in Garrett town- 
ship. Soon after him came James Drew, who 
came to the territory of Douglas county in 

1839, having, with his father, a job to split 
rails for Taylor. Land was cheap here at 
that time, and Drew being only eighteen years 
of age, thought it a favorable opportunity to 
secure a start by entering land. He first en- 
tered eighty acres, borrowing one hundred dol- 
lars of Taylor to make the purchase, and con- 
tracting to discharge a portion of the debt by 
day's labor. He put up a split-log house in 

1840, and lived with his brother-in-law. At 
this time, for thirty miles west in the direction 
of Decatur, there was not a single house. 
Jacob Mosbarger was among the earliest set- 
tlers in Garrett township. He was a native of 
Ohio, settled subsecjuently in Indiana, and in 
1845 started with the intention of settling in 
Iowa. He found it impossible to reach his 
proposed destination in time to secure a crop 
before the coming winter, and therefore stoi^ped 
iiere to raise one crop, proposing to continue 
iiis journey the next season. He was so favor- 
ably impressed with the country, however, that 
he gave up his idea of proceeding to Iowa. He 
first settled in the edge of the timber on Lake 
Fork, and rented land. Two years later he 
settled on Congress land, pre-empting one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, which still remains in the 

family. Nathan Garrett was another" early 
and prominent man in Garrett township; he 
was newly married when he came here in 
April, 1845, ^i"*-! began life on a capital of forty 
dollars in cash, and two horses and a wagon; 
he began by renting land until 1852, when he 
entered eighty acres, and has been successful 
in amassing considerable property. Benjamin 
Ellars, a native of Ohio, came to Illinois in 
1835. In 1849 he moved to Douglas county, 
and settled on the west side of the east Okaw 
timber, just south of the Campaign county 
line. The family was one of the first to locate 
in that vicinity. To the west of their improve- 
ment on the prairie there was not a single set- 
tler. John D. Murdock, for whom a township 
m Douglas county was named, was a prominent 
settler in that section of the county; he was a 
native of Ohio, but had made a settlement in 
Fountain county, Indiana, but, dissatisfied with 
the health of the section, he sought a home in 
a prairie country. His attention was called to 
this region in 1853, and in July of that year 
came here to "spy out the land." Pleased with 
the outlook he woukl have purchased land, but 
did not meet with a satisfactory opportunity. 
On returning home he .sold his farm, and in 
January, 1854, returned, coming to George- 
town, and then by way of Hickory Grove, fol- 
lowing the ridge to Camargo. At this time 
he met with a man of whom he bought some 
three hundred ;uk1 forty acres at eleven dollars 
per acre. In the follcjwing April he bniught 
his family. A split-kjg house stood u])on the 
tract at the time of its purchase, Init being in- 
sufficient for the accommodation of his family, 
iVIr. Murdock prep.ired a frame house in In- 
diana, and hauled it to his new purchase where 
he put it up in readiness for his family. 



William W. Young came to Douglas county 
in the fall of 1853, and was one of the earliest 
settlers in Newman township. He was a native 
of Indiana, and lived for a few years after his 
marriage on rented land in his native state. 
He then came to Douglas county, accompanied 
by two of his wife's brothers. After entering 
one hundred and sixty acres of land he re- 
turned to Indiana, and a year later came with 
his family to the place chosen for his new home. 
On their arrival they boarded for a week in the 
neighborhood, while Mr. Young erected a 
frame dwelling into which the family moved 
directly it was completed. J. M. Cooley, one 
of those accompanying Mr. Young, took up 
one hundred and sixty acres on a land warrant 
in November, 1853. B. C. Nelson came to 
Douglas county three years later, and bought 
three hundred and twenty acres of railroad 
land on section 4, township 16 north, range 8 
east. With the exception of one or two fam- 
ilies there were no neighbors nearer than Okaw 
timber, and the site of Tuscola was a wild 
prairie covered with tall grass and resin weed. 

There was nothing in the character of the 
country or in the history of the emigrants 
to this section to lead to the early formation 
of villages or thickly settled communities. The 
pioneers of Douglas county came singly or l.\- 
twos and Ihrees, and fixed upon an eligililc site 
for farming, and there pitched their tabernacle. 
Up to the coming of the railroad influence in 
1850, Camargo was the only village even on 
paper, and there was therefore no dislurl>ing 
intluence to divert the even settling up of the 
country. Camargo dates earliest among the 
townships of the county in settlement, and 
counts among the early settlers the Richmans, 
Hammets, Gills, Braggs, Watsons and Mur- 

docks. Tuscola claims William Brian, the 
Hacketts, O. J. Jones, J. W. Smith, G. P. 
Phinney, B. F. Boggs, B. C. Nelson and others. 
Garrett claims the Garretts, Otters, Mullens, 
Lesters, Goodsons, Mosbargers, Drews, Howes 
and Ellars. Newman incudes among its early 
settlers Enoch Howell, the Winklers, the Hoj)- 
kinses, Cooleys, Youngs, Skinners and Shutes. 
Sargent numbers the family from which it 
took its name, Ashmores, Gwinns, Reddens, 
Allisons, Maddox, Casebear and others. Bow- 
dre claims Isaac Davidson, Breedens, Davises 
and Barnetts. Areola, the Shaws, Henrys and 
McCanns; and Bourbon the Moores, Deharts, 
Weltons, Nelson Shaw, the Drews and others. 
In the latter township are quite a number of 
Germans who came in about 1852 and the years 
immediately following, and in 1864 the first 
of a considerable number of the same national- 
ity generally known by tlie "Amish," a name 
commonly bestowed upon this sect of relig- 


The country which these pioneers has thus 
chosen was a hunter's paradise. The prairie 
and timber were thronged with game of all 
kinds, and without this the early settler's fare 
must have been hard indeed. Tlie first coiners 
to this region were considerably in advance 
of those pioneer industries which mitigate the 
severities of pioneer life and were forced to 
make long journeys for the common necessities. 
Thus cut oft' from the natural sources of supply, 
the pioneer was forced to depend upon the re- 
sources of the country alone, which, even with 
the abundance of game, proved but a meager 
support for the family. Deer were found in 


unlimited numbers, and tlie first settlers found found scMne fine edible fish. With tbis abundance 

no trouble in killing more than the needs of the of what are even now considered lu.xuries, it 

family required, right at his own door. Droves, would seem at a casual glance that the pioneer 

reaching to the number of a hundred, were life was a life of ease rather than banlshi]) : Imt 

often seen, and settlers were in the hal)it of car- when it is considered that these were the sum 

rying their guns on almost all occasions, and of their early luxuries, that what we deem Ihc 

seldom returned from any expedition without . cnnimun necessities and find so cheaj) as to ])ass 

an evidence of the abundance of these ani- almost unnoticed in our estimate of family 

mals in the shape of a haunch or ham of veni- supjjlies and exj)enses, were to the early settlers 

.son. Wild hogs served also to vary the frontier almost inaccessible and the most expensive, a 

fare. These were animals that had escaped great change is wrought in our estimate. Salt 

from the older settlements, and, subsisting upon was more exi)ensive than sugar and more dif- 

the nuts and niots of the woodland, bad gone limit to ])rocure. Mour could not I'or ;i time 

wild in the of nature. They were of a be ])roctued at any price, ;md even meal, such 

long-legged, gaunt species, and kept the timber as is pmvided to-day, was unknown on the 

])retty closely. They were no particular dam- frontier. And even the variety of g;iuie ])ro- 

age or annoyance to the settlers, but furnished vided soon failed ti> answer the ])urposes of beef 

capital hunting sport, and gave a relief to the and jjork. The system exposed to niv.ages of 

monotonous recurrence of veni.son upon the disease, and sn1>ject to the trying experience of 

table of the settler. Wolves were of the coyote early farm l;il)or, demanded .something more 

species and were found in the open prairie. sul)stantial than this. Nor could all give their 

These were of more annoyance to the settle- attention to InnUing. 'i"hc i)rime reason for the 

ments, attacking sheep, young pigs and .some- presence of most of the i)ioneers in this country 

times cattle. They were miserable cowards, was to build up a home and lay the fomidations 

never attacking a per.son, and were hunted and for a future competence, and to accom])hsh tbis 

killed as a nuisance. They were small and un- the Larger part of the couimunity centered here 

dersized, making the night dismal with their had only their h.anils witli which to accomplish 

howling, and when overtaken i)y the dogs would tbeir mission. It no inicomuion occurrence 

fall on their backs and fight nmch like a cat. bi find men surrounded by this profusion of 

On frozen ground. an<l when filled with a re- game who iie\er shot a deer, ;md occ;ision;dly 

cent meal, they were run down with little dilli- "H^' \vbo never owned a gun. 
cnlty on horseback. ;is they seemed to ;i\(iiil the 

limber .and wotild ri>k capture rather than go ,,,,,. ,,j^ ,,,,||, ,,,.^,|^,,,. 
into it. Pinnated and ruffed grouse, better 

known ;is pr.airie chickens ;md partridges, were The ]>ioneers who formed the early settle- 
everywhere found in inexhaustible numbers and ments in this comity were fanuliar 
funushed a touch of delicacy to the early fare, with the isolatiou. ;nid inured to the haiHlships 
Wild geese and ducks were to be had in con- and privations of frontier life, but with all this 

siderable numbers, while in the rivers were the ojien jirairie ])resented dilficulties to which 



they had liilherto been a stranj;ei-. From the 
standpoint of this later day, when the adupta- 
bihty of the prairie has been so abnndantly 
proven, it seems unfortunate tiiat tlie early ex- 
periences of these pioneers led them to cling 
to the timbered portions of the country where 
foul w-ater and miasma aggravated the inev- 
itable discomforts of frontier existence. Life 
in a new country is everywhere sulijected to 
the misery of malarious diseases. The clearing 
off of timber or the breaking up of prairie sod, 
involving the rapid decay of large quantities 
of vegetable matter, gave rise to the inevitable 
miasma, which wrought its sure work upon the 
system. Such sickness was generally confined 
to the last of the summer and fall. There was 
but little sickness in winter, except a few 
lingering fall cases that had become chronic; 
there were but few cases after severe frosts, 
and the spring and early summer were per- 
fectly healthy. It was commonly remarked 
that when the bloom of the resin weed and 
other yellow flowers appeared, it was time to 
look for the ague. The first spring flowers on 
the prairie were mostly pink and white, then 
followed purple and blue, antl about the middle 
of August yellow predominated. High water 
in spring, flooding the Ijottoms and filling the 
lagoons and low places along the streams, and 
then drying off with the hot sun of Jidy and 
August, was a fruitful cause of disease, and in 
such localities it was often ([uite sickly, while 
the higher ])rairie was comparatively exempt. 
With these e\ils the pioneer was generally 
forced to struggle alone. Physicians were very 
few, and often so far situated from the scat- 
tered settlements that it took a day's ride to 
reach them. But where they were found within 
practical distance, the urgent necessity for the 

])ractice of every economy led the settlers to de- 
pend upon their own skill. Boneset, Culver's 
physic (root), and a long list of teas and herb 
decoctions were to be found in every cabin, 
and most of the ailments incident to a frontier 
life were generally made to yielil to them. To 
have a severe case of malarial fever or several 
season's run of the ague was expected by each 
new-comer, and none were considered as having 
been fully inducted into all the mysteries of citi- 
zenship until they had had the regular malarial 


The early settlers brought with them noth- 
ing but what the necessities of the situation de- 
manded. One wagon generally sufficed to 
bring the family, household furniture, farming 
implements and freiiuently two or three months' 
supplies. It requires no great amount of con- 
sideration to conclude that luxuries, or even 
comforts, could find no place in such an outfit, 
and so the pioneer, after constructing a shelter 
for his family, found his skill and ingenuity 
taxed to their utmost to supply this deficiency. 
It was necessary to manufacture tables, chairs 
and bedsteads before they could be used, and 
some of the most striking incidents of frontier 
life are founded upon this universal dearth of 
ordinary comforts. Hand tools were always 
a part of the load when possessed by the emi- 
grant, but in the ab.sence of these the ax ac- 
complished all that was necessary. A section 
of a good-sized log, smoothed with an ax and 
furnished with a rough back, or often without 
a back of any sort, and legs, took the place of 
chairs. A rude bedstead was often constructed 
in the corner of the cabin with a single leg, 
the two sides of the structure supporting the 

IU()(iR.\l'lllt;.\L AXi:) IllSl'OKICAI.. 


rest of the bedstead which was framed in the 
logs. Upon this tiie Ijed cord, whicli conld be 
easily brought, was arranged, or in its alisence, 
deer-hide thongs. This or simply a heap of 
brush supported the "tick," which was brought 
with the f.'imily, and tilled wilii leaves and dried 
grass until the first crop supplied a better sub- 
stitute in the husks. 

The cabin itself displayed the ingenuity rjf 
the pioneer and the poverty of his resources. 
A log pen, with a single door and window, the 
latter closed with greased paper t)r left open, 
and the door pro\-ided with a simple liL'uiket, 
the fireplace constructed of such loose stones 
as could be ftnnul, and the chimney built uj) of 
sticks protected with a covering of mud; the 
roof of "shakes" split from ;i straight-grained 
tree, and held in place by weight poles, com- 
pleted the lout cnsi'iiihlc of the early homes. 
At first there was often no floor but the ground, 
but generally slabs split out from tiie unsea- 
soned timiier were smoothed with the ax and 
made to do good ser\ice as a i)rotection from 
the bare earth. Wiien the door was con- 
structed, these "puncheons" serxed as tiie ma- 
terial from wln'ch it w;is constructed, wooden 
pins taking the place of nails, and wdoden 
hinges. Latch anil b.ars ser\ ing llu' pniposes of 
the modern Ijuilder's h.ardw.'ue. 

•Ill !•; I\KM. 

'J hese i)relimin.Lrics ;icconiplislu'd. the most 
urgent necessity to secure a crop, 'i'he 
jjjows were crude .'ifTairs. strong ,-md serviceable 
but requiring great team ])ower and consider- 
able mechanical skill in the iilowman. The sod 
was lonnd tough, not easily "t;tined." ami very 

uncertain in jiroducing a first crop. So tenacious 
was the turf, that the furrow turned out one 
unbroken strip of earth, and occasionally, when 
not especially careful, the plowman had the dis- 
ai)pointmenl of seeing yards of this leathery 
soil turn back to its natural position, necessitat- 
ing the tedious o])eration of turning it all back 
again by h;md. The expenditure of all this la- 
bor was generally well repaid the first year, if 
the sod became thoroughly rotted, even thougii 
it ])rodnced but a small crop. Ofteutiiues the 
second and third plowing showed the soil stub- 
liorn .and unkind. bV'w, e\en among farmers, 
know much of the labor in\olved in "breaking 
prairie," unless they have experienced its ob- 
stacles and overcome them. Corn was the 
only cro]) ])lantcd at first, and this furnished 
food for man and beast. .\ few years later, 
it was a mark of unusual pros])erity to be .able 
to ftirnish wheat bread to especial guests. The 
first crop was generally planted by cutting a 
g;ish in the inverted sod with an ax, dropping 
in the corn and closing it by .another blow i)e- 
side the first; or it was dro|)ped in every third 
fiu^row, .and the sod turned on it: if the corn so placed ;is to find the S])ace between the 
furrows, it would lind daylight: if not, the re- 
sult of the |)lanting was extremely doubtful. 
Of course culti\;ition in this case was impos- 
sible, and il the crows and s(|uirrels gave tlie 
crop ;in o|)porliinity to mature, il generally 
|)ro\cd .1 s.ilistaclory return, i.ater the culture 
ol wheat begun, .and with the increase of 
markets grown to larger proportions. 

Most of the settlers brought in horses and 
cows, but the former pretty generally ga\e way 
to oxen for working purposes. Hogs and sheep 
were occasionally brought in at first, but gen- 



erally they were a later importation. x'Ml these 
animals were supported with little cost. The 
wide range of wild grass afforded excellent 
pasture and hay. With the range the early set- 
tlers had, their cattle would put on more flesh 
and in less time than on any other jjasture. 
The sedge which grew along the sloughs was 
t',<e first to start in the spring, and furnished 
the earliest pasture. The hent or blue-joint, 
which was principally found along the sides of 
the sloughs, or, in the vernacular of the pioneer, 
"between the dry and wet land," was preferrcl 
by stock to all other varieties, especially when 
mixed with the wild pea-vine. This made the 
best hay, and, as its yield was very large, was 
generally selected for this purpose. But the 
combined ravages of stock and scythe rapidly 
exterminated it, so that in many cases the 
ground where it grew became almost bare of 
vegetation. The stock and the farmer then re- 
sorted to ui)land grasses, but before the settlers 
multi[)lied so as to limit the range of the stock, 
the older and more experienced of the herd 
would go long distances to find their favorite 
pasture, often necessitating on the part of the 
pioneer a hunt of several days to recover them. 
The native grasses were scarcely less 
marked for their medicinal fjualities. Cattle 
and horses seemed to be remarkably free from 
disease so long as they could find plenty of 
wild grass and hay to feed upon. Horses raised 
upon the prairie were said never to be afflicted 
with the heaves, while horses brought here, 
suffering with this malady, were speedily cured 
by simply feeding on the native grasses. This 
advantage, however, was somewhat offset by 
the colic which this rank grass frec|uently pro- 
duced in horses with fatal effect. 


No sooner was a crop secured than the lack 
of any proper means to reduce it to the neces- 
sities of the household was made painfully ap- 
parent. So long as the corn was soft, it was 
grated on rude graters, made by punching holes 
through a piece of tin. After it became hard, 
it was sometimes parched and ground in a cof- 
fee mill, and at other times pounded in a rudely 
constructed mortar. A stump was hollowed 
out by burning and scraping to serve as a 
mortar. Over this was suspended from a 
"sweep" a pestle, to the end of which was fixed 
an iron wedge, and with this rude machinery 
bushels of corn were broken sufficiently fine to 
use in the various ways common to pioneer 
days. The finest was used in cornpones and 
dodgers, while the coarser was used as hominy, 
the separation being effected by means of a 
sieve made of a perforated deerskin stretched 
tightly over a frame. Corn-crackers were put 
in various settlements at an early date, but these 
did but little better work than the mortar. They 
did the work quicker, antl such a mill was kept 
running night and day, while the patrons com- 
ing from distances of fifteen or twenty miles 
would wait patiently for a day or two to get 
their grist. But for flour, the only resort was 
to Eugene, Indiana, where an older settlement 
had secured the ad\antages of a tlouring mill. 
The demand for groceries was limited to the 
means for jnnxhasing, which were generally 
of the most slender sort. There was but little 
to sell, and then the only market was at Chi- 
cago, where the settlers hauled hundreds of 
bushels of shelled corn to sell at thirty cents per 
bushel. Coonskins, however, were almost land- 


office money. Fur buyers were an institution of tlic settlers captured swarms, jtlaced them in 

of the early times here, and many a quarter- sections of iiollow logs, and in a little while 

section was purchased with the price of these possessed a constant source of sup])ly for the 

skins. tahle and the market, fn some cases this was 

There were some luxuries. howe\er, that the princii)le source for the swceteniui;' used in 

could be--secured without money. Bee trees the culinary work of the cahin, and was the 

were, in tiiany parts of the country, found in basis of a favorite drink. "iMetheglin" was 

great numbers, and no [liece of timber was en- made of steeped honey-comb, and honey fer- 

tirely devoid of them. It sometimes reiiuired mented. it was counted an excellent drink, 

an expert to find them, and some united pleas- and much preferred to cider, and when 

ure and profit in this sort of hunting. An ex- strengthened by age became a ]>owerful intoxi- 

perienced hunter would go out in a bright, cant. This, liowe\'er. has passed away with 

warm day in winter or late fall and burn some many other of the homely joys of pioneer 

honev comb, which seldom failed to attract the days. 

game to the honey, which was provided for The ready tact of the jiioneer housewives, 
them. Loading up with this, the bee would rise, and the unpampered tastes of that early day. 
circling in the air. and then fly straight to its found a gooil substitute for fruit in the ])um])- 
tree. It was then the hunter's business to fol- kin. When frozen, they were ])re])ared and 
low the fleet-winged insect closely, and thus stewed down to a siru]). which furnished a \ery 
pert, and there were few who were marked acceptable substitute for sugar or molasses in 
discover its secret. To do this required an ex- the absence of honey, and mixed with fresh 
for their success. Sometimes a number of bees stewe<l pumpkin formed a desiral)le sweetmeat, 
from a single tree, at no great distance, were They were planted in considerable numbers, 
attracted. Tiiese do not rise in circles, but tlart- and stored in a vault constructetl underneath 
ing to and fro in a straight line, make the course the haystacks to be fed to the cattle during the 
])lain enough to be easily followed, but this is winter. Well m;iy this "fruit loved of boy- 
rare. In other cases, the best that can be done hood" be .-qjostrophized l)y the ])oet, and bon- 
is to disco\er the direction of the bee's fliglit, orablv 'le pl.-iced in a state's coat of arms, 
and taking this — against the sun if possible — 

to stumble along with ui)turned gaze, scanning pi'MuiI' tk wfi 
e\ery tree for the telltale hole or crack. I'.ut 

when the tree was found the b.ittle was but hall W-ighborlioods extended o\er a wide area 
won. This must be felled and the occupant,^ of connti'v, and a journey of fifteen miles was 
dispossessed of their stores. When the hollow not considered .a gi'eat undertaking for an after- 
extended down to the point where the ax must noon's \isil. Koads were few. and the jjrairie, 
l)enetrate it. the hunter was olten obliged to easilv cut u]). often presented at ))oints where 
decani]) in hot h.aste as soon as the blows hues of tra\el were obliged, by the conforma- 
aroused the swarm. tion of the land, to unite, bog holes, that ])roved 
The bee was easily domesticated, and many almost impassible. So long as the paucity of 



settlement allowed a pretty free selection of 
route, mud holes could be generally evaded 
and a worn track avoided. But this prac- 
tice had its disadvantages. In a coun 
try without continuous fences and few 
landmarks, save the groves, it requires some 
skill and an intimate knowledge of the country 
to successfully cross even a small prairie in day- 
light. Crossing the uncultixated prairie at 
night was a very uncertain venture even to the 
most expert. If the night was clear, the stars 
were a reliable guide, and the pioneers became 
quite proficient in the simpler rudin'cnts of 
astronomy. In a cloudy night, and a snowy 
or foggy day, their resources were less sure. 
A steady wind often proved the only guide. 
The traveler, getting his bearings, would note 
how the wind struck his nose^the right or left 
ear— and then, keenly alive to these sensations, 
would so maintain his course as to keep the 
bearing of the wind always the same, and re- 
gardless of all other guides, would generally 
reach Ins destination without difficulty. To 
do this required no little skill and a steady wind. 
If the latter changed gradually, the better the 
skill, the wider the traveler diverged from his 
true course. Without these guides, it was a 
mere accident if a person succeeded ui crossing 
even a small prairie. The tendency is to move 
in a circle, and when this is once begun and oli- 
served by the traveler, the only resource is to 
camp in the most convenient place ai;d manner, 

and wait for morning. Each family had its 
signal light, which served to mark the place 
of the cabin. It was a frequent practice to erect 
a pole by the chimney, upon which a lighted 
lantern was placed. Others had a light in the 
window, which often saved a dreary night's 
experience on the open prairie. 

Such experiences, unpleasant in mild 
weather, were too often fatal in the winter sea- 
son. The trackless prairie, covered with a de- 
cejitive expanse of snow, and swept by a fierce 
blast, which pierced the most ample clothing 
and the hardiest frame, made the stoutest heart 
waver. Journeys were seldom undertaken in 
such circumstances, save under stress of the 
most urgent necessity. But nearly every early 
settler can rememlier some experience in winter- 
season traveling, while some never reached the 
home they sought, or the end of the journey 
reluctantly begun. 

\\'ith the settlement of the prairie, and the 
regular laying-out of roads, traveling became 
less dangerous, tiiough scarcely less difficult. 
The amount of labor which could be devoted 
by the few people in the scattered settlements, 
made but little effect upon the roads of the 
country, which seemed particularly exposed, 
by the character of the .soil and the conforma- 
tion of its surface, to the unfavorable action of 
r.iin, and c\cn now the farming community 
pays a heav)' annual triliute to nuiddy, impass- 
able roads. 







By the treaty of peace between the iM-encIi St. ("lair ^la(Ii^(m was iiiacle; fmni Madison, 

rnul Englisli in i/C)^, the Illinois comilrv was (,'rawfonl; the slale then had abont hiteen 

ceded to the latter. It remained in their hamls eonnlies. In iSh) flark was set oil Iroin 

until I 77S, in which year X'irginia troops under I'rawford, and exlendeil to the northward in- 

( ien. Clark con(|uered the country. A county delinilely. Coles county was or<;ani/.ed in 

called Illinois was then or.t;anize(h and had been liS^o-^i; Cumberland parted fi-oin it in 1S4-', 

considered hitherto a part of the territorx and Douglas in i^^(). 

included in the charter of Viro-inia. \'ir- Illinois was admitted into the Ihiion of 

g-inia ceded it to the United States states in iNiS, with an area of fifty-live thou- 

in 17S7, and it was called the "Xorth- .sand, four hundred and ten sipiare miles, about 

west territory." In iSoo it rcccixed a four hundred and nine of which belong- to 

se])ar;ite org;mization and .a territorial go\crn- Douglas coinily. 

ment in conjtuiclion with and uinler the name Coles county, fioni the area ol which Doug- 

of Indiana. .Vnoiher (|i\i^iol1 took place in las was taken, oiu'c comprised within its bounds 

i.SoQ when the distinct li'i liloiios of all of Cumbcrlaml county as wi'll. .and was 

and Illinois were formeil. named in honor of b'.dward t/oles, the second 

The name of Illinois is derived from that go\ernor of the slate, elected in iSjj. 

of its great river, an aboriginal .appelkition, .\niongsl the smallest counties in the state, 

signifying the "i\i\er of men." though U'll the le.ast by some seven or eight, 

When Illinois terrilorv was a part of In- Douglas county is gcograjihically in the east 

(liana, the of government was at V'in- centre of the state, and lies below the lortieth 

eennes, and when the territory was set off from jiarellel of latitude, Tuscola the county seal, 

Indi.ana in tSoi) the whole sl.ale made into being in latitude thirty mne <legrees, forty-live 

two counties. Si. Clair .and Randolph. From minutes, north. The county is bounded on the 



north l)y Champaign county, on the east by 
Etlgar, upon the south by Coles, and on the 
west by MouUrie and Piatt. 

The election for and against the new county 
was held in Coles county on the first Monday 
in March, 1S59. and the clerk was ordered to 
make his returns to Coleman Bright and Joseph 
B. McCown, of Camargo. 

Coles was a large county of some twenty- 
four congressional townships, and containing 
about eight hundred and eighty square miles. 
New towns, demanded by the rapidly increas- 
ing population of the north part, were springing 
into existence, the principal of which, Tuscola 
and Okaw (for so Areola was originally 
called), upon the line of the Illinois Central 
Railroad, had been laid out, the latter by the 
railroad, upon its own lands, and the former 
upon railroad lands by private enterprise. 

The tedious trip, over the prairie of twenty 
or twenty-five miles, to Charleston, the county 
seat, laid out in 1831, and the almost universal 
disposition of the people toward concentration, 
carried still farther, eventually, by township 
organization, were amongst the inducements 
that brought about the division. 

Origin of Douglas. — In date of formation, 
Douglas county precedes Ford by one day only, 
and lacks so much of being the latest-formed 
county of the state, but though late in asserting 
its independence, it has not been unknown to 
the geography of the state, under other titles. 
In October, 1778, it was included in the county 
of Illinois; in 1790, it became a part of St. 
Clair county; in 1816 a part of Crawford; in 
1819 a part of Clark; in 1823 a part of Edgar, 
and in 1830 a part of Coles. During all this 
time the territory now included within the lim- 
its of Douglas county was a wilderness, with- 

out the habitation of a single white man, with 
the exception perhaps of one family in 1829. 
The county of Coles was originally a part of 
Edgar, and as first formed included the terri- 
tory of the present counties of Cumberland, 
Coles and Douglas. At this time the settlement 
at Charleston was strong in numbers and in- 
fluence, and became the county seat. Later, 
as the southern portion of its territory began 
to settle up, an agitation was begun for a di- 
vision of the large territory included in Coles 
and while the interests of Charleston were not 
hostile to this movement in the abstract, there 
was a very decided preference manifested for 
the way it should be divided. The leaders of 
the new county movement preferred to have 
the whole territory equally divided, but in such 
case it appeared certain that the county seat 
interests of Charleston would be put in jeop- 
ardy, as it would be located too far south in the 
reconstructed county to long hold the seat of 
justice. The question was soon forced into 
politics, and three campaigns were fought on 
tliis issue, the candidates for the General As- 
sembly announcing themselves in favor of one 
or the other party. The Coles county people 
proposed the formation of a small county on the 
south, and eventually another on the north, and 
the issue was defined in the vernacular of the 
stock marks of the time as a crop or a split. 
Twice the Charleston people defeated the split 
at the polls or in the lobby, but finally a candi- 
date was elected upon the platform of "first a 
split, second a crop, but in any case a new 
county," and in 1843 Cumberland county was 
formed. Another county would have been 
formed from the north end of Coles, but this 
part of its territory settled up slowly, and by 
the time that a movement was made for a new 


county, the necessity for its erection was no 
longer recognized by tlie older community. Coles 
county contained twenty-four congressional 
townships, enough to form two counties of the 
required area, and the tedious trip of twenty 
or twenty-five miles over the prairie to the coun- 
ty seat, located considerably south of the geo- 
graphical center, intensified the determination 
to divide it. Public-spirited men organized the 
movement, and a bill was introduced in the 
Ceneral Assembly to form the new county. 
The name occasioned no little difficulty at first. 
W. D. Watson, of Camargo township, was in 
the senate and a Republican. The ])roposcd 
county was politically in sympathy with him, 
and the petition for the new county asked for 
the name of Richman, that of the first white 
inhabitant; others proposed and pressed the 
name of Watson, and the subject was discussed 
at local meetings, with a good deal of excite- 
ment. There was a disposition on the part of 
the legislature to reject both names, ruid honor 
the name of Stephen A. Douglas with its desig- 
nation. Dr. Pearce, of Camargo, and others 
strongly resisted this suggestion, and the vig- 
orous opposition was not relaxed until it ap- 
])cared certain that a l)ill could not be i)assed 
with another name, and even then it is said 
thai ])romise was given liy certain responsililc 
persons, that the name should subse(|uently be 
changed. The naiue, however, has long since 
lost its political significance, and is worthily be- 
stowed in honor of a brilliant and patriotic 
statesman. The peculiar spelling follows that 
adopted by Senator Douglas. 

The act of organization. — The bill intro- 
duced for the purpose of organizing Douglas 
county provides as follows: 

"Section I. Be it enacted by the People of 

the State of Illinois, represented in the General 
Assembly, That all that portion of the county 
of Coles lying within the following boundaries, 
to wit: Commencing at the northeast corner 
of the cf)unty of Coles; thence west on the line 
between said county and the county of Cham- 
paign, to the northwest corner of the coinUy 
of Coles; thence soiUh f)n the west line of Coles 
county to the southwest corner of section eigiit- 
een (i8), township fourteen (14) north, of 
range seven east; thence east on the section line 
to the southwest corner of section eighteen 
( iS), township foiu'teen (14) north, range ten 
east ; thence north to tiie township line between 
townships fourteen (14) and fifteen (15); 
thence east on said line to the east line of Coles 
county; and thence north on the east line of 
C"oles county to the i)l;ice of beginning, be and 
the same is hereby created into a new county, 
to be called the county of Douglas: Provided, 
that a majority of all the voters of said county 
ot' Coles voting on the (|uestion, shall vote for 
the same in the m.'nnicr hereinafter ]ircscribe<l. 

"Sec. 2. The (|ualified voters of the said 
county of Coles may, at an election to be held 
in the several precincts of said county, to be 
held on the first Monday of March next, vote 
for or against the creation of the said new 
county of Douglas by ballot, upon which shall 
be written or [)rinted. or p;utly written and 
]iai-tlv i)riiUed, 'l'"or the New Comity' or 
'.Against the Xew County.' 

"Sec. ,^. The clerk of the county court of 
the county of Coles shall give notice of said 
election in the several election districts in .said 
county, in the same manner as general or special 
elections are given, as nearly as may lie; and 
the judges of election and clerks thereof shall 
conduct said election and make returns thereof 



in the same manner as is now provided by law 
for conducting elections. In case of vacancies in 
the board of election, or failure to attend, such 
vacancies of absentees shall be filled in the same 
manner as is now provided by law in relation to 
elections. Returns of said election shall be 
made by the several boards of election to the 
clerk of the county court of Coles county, who 
shall be goxerned by the general electioji law 
then in force in opening and canvassing the 
same. The clerk of the county court of Coles 
county shall make return of the votes to Cole- 
man Bright and J. B. jMcCown within six days 
after the same have been canvassed ; and the 
said clerk shall also within ten days make re- 
turn of saitl votes to the secretary of state. 

"Sec. 4. If it shall appear that a majority 
of all the \-()ters in said county of Coles voting 
upon the question have voted for the creation 
of the new county of Douglas, then, and in that 
case, there shall be held a special election in the 
several precincts within the limits in this act 
described for said new county of Douglas, on 
the second Monday in April next, for county 
officers. Said election shall be conducted by 
the judges of elections then holding office under 
appointment in the county (_)f Coles, and at 
the usual places of holding elections; at whicli 
election the qualified voters of the new county 
of Douglas shall elect all county officers for said 
county, e.xcei)t such as are hereafter e.xcepteil. 
who shall be commissioned and qualified in 
the same manner as such officers are in other 
counties in the state, and shall hokl said offices 
until the next general election for such officers, 
and until their succes.sors are elected and qual- 
ified, and shall have all the jurisdiction and per- 
form all the duties which [are] or may be con- 
ferred upon or required of like officers in this 

state. In case there shall be portions of pre- 
cincts or election districts within the boundaries 
of the new county, then the voters within the 
same may, at the first election for county of- 
ficers, as herein provided for, vote within such 
precinct or election district as they may deem 
most convenient within said new county. 

"Sec. 5. All the justices of the peace, con- 
stables, or other officers who have been hereto- 
fore elected and qualified in the county of Coles, 
whose term of office shall not have expired at 
the time of said election, and whose place of 
residence shall be embraced within the limits 
of said county of Douglas, shall continue to 
hold their said offices and exercise the juris- 
diction and perform the duties thereof until 
term of office shall expire and their successors 
sliall l)e elected and (piahfied. 

"Sec. 6. For the purpose of fixing the per- 
manent county seat of said new county of 
Douglas, the voters of said county shall, at said 
election of county officers, vote for some j^lace, 
to be designated upon their ballots, for a county 
seat: upon said ballots shall be written or 
printed, or partly written and partly printed, 
'For county seat' — after which word shall be 
written or printed the name of the place in- 
tended. The place receiving the majority of 
all the votes polled upon that question shall be 
the county seat of the said county of Douglas ; 
1 lut i f 111 ) one place shall receive a maji irity 1 if all 
the votes polled upon that question, then it 
shall be the duty of the county court of said 
county to call another election, within sixty 
days thereafter, at the several places of holding 
elections in said county: at which time the 
voters of said county shall choose from the two 
places having the highest number of votes at 
the previous election, and the place having the 


majority of all the vntes cast shall he the per- located, as herein provided, said circuit court 

nianoit county seat of said county of Douglas, to he holden at such times as said judge shall 

"Sec. 7. Notice of said election for county direct, until otherwise provided hy law. 
officers shall be given by the clerk of the county "Sec. 10. The scliool funds l)elonging to 
court of Coles conntv. in the same m.inner as (he .several townships embraced in the limits of 
notices of general elections are given in other said county of Douglas shall he paid .-md de- 
cases: wliich notices shall specify that a vote livered over hy the school commissioners of 
will be taken upon the location of the county the county of Coles to the school commissioner 
.seat : and returns of said election shall 1k' made of the said county of Douglas as soon as he 
to said clerk of said county court, the same as sh;ill be elected and (|u;dihed. 
is provided by law in other cases. "Sec. 11. The county coiu't of the said 
"Sec. (S. .\11 suits and prosecutions that county of Douglas may, at ;uiy term of said 
have been, or mav be commenced in said county C(au-t, by an onler to be entered of record, .ap- 
of Coles, incluiling .all proceedings in the county ]ioint some coiupetent jiersou a commissioner 
court of said county in luatters of prob;ife be- fur the purpose hereinafter expressed, who shall 
fore the organiz.ation of said count V of Doug- take an oath of office before .some jjcrsou 
las, shall n(jt be affecteij hy tliis .act, but all such authori7.ed by law to ;idnunister oaths. Said 
suits. i)rosecutious and proceedings shall be court shall, at the s.amc time, provide a suMi- 
prosecuted and conducted to their termina- cicnt numlier of blank books and deliver to 
tion in said county of Coles: and the ofhcers of .said commissioner, who shall receipt tor the 
.said countv of Coles are hereby authorized to same to the clerk of said county court. 
execute all writs that may be necessary for the "Sec. i_'. As .soon as said books shall be 
completion of said suits, prosecutions .and pro- delivered to said commissioner, he shall record 
ceedings within the limits of said comity of in eacli ;i copy of the order of his appointment. 
Douglas: and all judgments m;iy lia\e and of his o.ath of ofhce, and sh:dl thereupon 
heretofore or that may hereafter be obtained proceed to traiiscribe into such books .all such 
under the provisions of this section shall h;ive deeds, mortgages and title pa|>ers of every de- 
the same lien u]>on all ])ropertv within the lim- scrijjtiou, with the certificates ot ackuowledg- 
its of s.aid countv of Douglas , as though the .said ment thereto, of l,aii<ls l\-ing in the county of 
territorv not been erected into .a separate Douglas, which h.a\e been recorded or m.ay be 
^■,,„iitv. reci)rde<l hereafter, before the org.ani/.ation ol 
"Sec. (). As soon .as the county officers said connt\ of Douglas, be reconled in the re- 
shall h.ave been elected .and (lualified, the s.aid corder's office of the said county ol Coles: 
county of Douglas sh.all be considered organ- and there sh.all be allowed him. the said com- 
ized, and the clerk of |tliel circuit court of missioner, such sum as his .services aloresaid 
said county sh.all give notice thereof to the are reason.ably worth; to be pai<l out ol the 
judge of the fourth judicial circuit, who shall cminty treasury of the county ol 1 )ouglas. 
hold court at such places as shall be designated ".Sec. 1;,. When the sai.l couuni.ssiouer 
by the county court, until the county seat is shall have completed his work he shall m.ake 



rctuni of said books to the clerk of the circuit 
court of said county of Douglas; and they shall 
thereupon he taken and considered, to all in- 
tents and purposes, as books of record of deeds, 
inortgac;es and title papers for the county of 
Douglas; and copies of said papers, certified by 
the officer having custody of said books, shall 
be evidence in all courts and places in the same 
maimer that copies of records are evidence in 
other cases, and with like effect. 

"Sec. 14. The county of Douglas shall be 
responsible for and bound to pay one-fourth 
of the county debt of the county of Coles, in- 
curred for stock in the Terre Haute & Alton 
Railroad Company, and shall be entitled to 
one- fourth of the stock held by said county of 
Coles in saitl railroad company; and it shall be 
the duty of the county court of the county 
of Douglas, after the ist of January, A. D. 
i860, to pay the interest on the bonds issued 
by the county of Coles for that purpose, num- 
bered from No. i to No. 25, inclusive, semi- 
annually, as the same shall become due; and 
also to provide for and pay the principal of 
said bonds, numbered as above, the same being 
one-fourth of the said debt of Coles county. 

"Sec. 15. That the county of Douglas shall, 
until otherwise provided for by law, at this or 
a subsequent session, be attached to and con- 
stitute a part of the twenty-fifth representative 
district, and of the eighteenth senatorial dis- 

"Sec. 16. The secretary of state shall forth- 
with furnish the clerk of the county court of 
the county of Coles with a copy of this act, 
certified under the seal of state. 

"Sec. 17. This act to take effect and be in 
force from and after its passage. 

",\])]irovcd h'ebruary 8, 1859." 

A siipplciiiciitary bill. — This bill was drawn 
up by A. G. Wallace, assisted by Dr. McKin- 
ney, Martin Rice, Coleman Bright, J. B. Mc- 
Cown, W. H. Lamb, J. R. Hammet and others. 
In its description of boundaries, township 14, 
of ranges 10, 11 and 14, were omitted in some 
way, and it soon appeared that the county as 
described in the act did not contain the required 
area "of not less than four hundred square 
miles," whereupon a supplementary act was 
asked for to cover their deficiency. The defect- 
ive bill had passed both houses before this vital 
error was discovered, and only three days of 
the session remained. Dr. J. W. McKinney, 
of Camargo, at once started for Springfield, 
wrote out a supplementary bill adding eighteen 
sections of land. This was accomplished be- 
tween ten and twelve o'clock in the morning, 
and after a deal of hard work the bill was con- 
sidered in the house, under a suspension of 
the rules, and read a second time and passed, 
reported to the senate and again passed, under 
a suspension of the rules; the bill was signed by 
the governor at four o'clock and the Doctor, 
with a copy of it in his possession, was on his 
way home by si.x o'clck P. M. the same day. 
This bill also postponed the day of election and 
is as follows : 

"Whereas it is represented that the county 
of Douglas, as created by the act to which this 
is supplementary, does not contain the number 
of square miles required liy the constitution ; 
therefore, in order to perfect the same, and 
that said county may contain the re(|uisite mnn- 
ber of square miles, 

"Sec I. Be it enacted by the People of 
the State of Illinois, represented in the General 
Assembly, that the folloing described territory, 
to wit: Sections one (1), two (2), three (3), 



four (4), five (5), six (6). seven (7), eight 
(8), nine (9), ten (10), fifteen (15), sixteen 
(16), seventeen (17), eighteen ( 18), township 
No; 14, range No. 10, and section six (6), in 
township No. 14, range No. 11, and sections 
four (4). five (5) and six (6), in townsliip 
No. 14, range No. 14 west, be and tlie same are 
liereby declared to be a part of the county of 
Douglas, as fully and completely, for all pur- 
poses whatsoever, as if they had been contained 
within the boundaries set forth in the act to 
which this act is supplementary. 

"Sec. 2. The election retjuired by the act 
to which this is supplementary, to be held on 
the first Monday in March next, shall be held 
f>n the third Monday of March, in the manner 
therein provided. 

"Sec. 3. This act shall be in force from and 
after its passage. 

".\ppro\ed February 16, 1859." 

The partition left the new county with reg- outlines, save in the southeast corner, 
where some fifteen s(|uare miles of territory 
was not included to accommodate the citizens 
i)f Oakland an vicinity, who ])referre(l to re- 
main in Coles county, and by this concession 
the managers of the partition secured their co- 
operation. As finally formed, Douglas county 
contained four hundred a:id eight sections, the 
area amounting to between four hundred and 
nine and four humlrt'd ami ten scpiare miles, 
the sections varying in this coniUy considerably 
in size, the smallest being as low as two hun- 
dred and thirty acres, and many running some- 
what over one thousand acres. These and other 
irregularities are occasioned by the inaccuracies 
of the government surveyors, and the practical 
limitations of the system. 

The new county was now born and 

christened, and being admitted, the next thing 
in this case was to see that she was properly 
clothed, and to this end the first nominating 
convention for the selection of county officers 
was held in a board shanty on the McCarty 
farm, two and one-half miles east of Tu.scola. 
The men put in nomination were .selected with- 
out regard to party, and the officers wiio were 
then elected were : 

County judge — James Ewing, still living in 
Areola, and the associates were John D. Mur- 
dock, now a large land owner in Camargo 
township, who was again elected in 1861. Ik- 
filled the i)osition for .six years, and had been 
active in the formation of the new county. 
And Robert Hopkins, one of the pioneers of 
Newman township, who was, at the birth of 
the new couiUy. an associ;ite justice of Coles. 
Mr. Hopkins died in the spring of 1863. leaving 
a large unincumbered estate. 

The first county clerk was John Chandler, 
who was a good officer, lie was re-elected in 
i86r, serving in all aboiU six vears. Mr. 
Chandler was one of the most active in the 
partition, and by reason of a large experience 
in public business was altogether depended 
upon for statistics in the interest of the new 
county. He served in the war with Mexico. 

The circuit clerk and recorder, elected at 
this time, was .Andrew (I. W'all.tce, who was 
re-elected in i8Ci(), 1864 ;nid i8()8, Iiojding the 
office by re-election for over twelve years. Mr. 
Wallace was one of the first settlers, having 
arrived in Coles county in 1834, and was one of 
the first in Tuscola, lie died in Tuscol;i in 


Samuel H. Lt)gan was the first sheriff. Mr. 
Logan is now a resident of I'oiu'bon, Illinois, 
and is a large land owner. He was a captain 



in the Fifty- fourth Regiment, Jlhnois Vohm- 
tecrs, in tlie war of 1861. 

The office of assessor and treasurer was 
taken I)y William Hancock, of Newman town- 
shi]). Mr. Hancock was engaged in banking 
in the city of Newman, and was a large farmer 
in Sargent township. He came to this vicinity 
in November, 1839. 

The first county surveyor was Henry C. 
Niles, who was re-elected in 1861 and again in 
1 87 1. Mr. Niles came from Baltimore in 1857. 

The first meeting of the county court, as 
it was called, was held in Camargo, so that the 
minds of the people might not be prejudiced 
as between Areola and Tuscola. 

The selection of the county seat, as was to 
iiave been expected, was the occasion of nnich 
excitement. The cities of Tuscola and Areola, 
from their comparatively central position, and 
both being situated on the only railroad in the 
county, were the leading contesting points. 
The village of Camargo had claims to the honor 
which were strongly advocated, and the well 
known Hackett's Grove, not far north of the 
geographical centre of the county, was also 
talked of. The aspiring embryo cities of Tus- 
cola and Areola, at the first election, ^xjUed 
probably ten times their legal vote, and the 
count in these two places being so glaringly 
].)reposterons. neither was considered at this 
time, and the unwritten history of this canvass 
for county seat will probalily remain unwritten 
during the present generation. At this first 
meeting" of the county court — a special term — 
April 28, 1859, it was ordered that a special 
election be held May 30, 1859, to choose a 
county seat as between the two rival towns, 
which election resulted in the choice of Tus- 

Camargo was made county seat pro tcin, 
and Mr. W. H. Lamb was appointed commis- 
sioner to transfer from Coles county records 
those necessarily belonging to Douglas. Mr. 
Lamb had arrived in Camargo in 1853; was a 
merchant there until 1862, when he became 
adjutant of the Seventy-ninth Illinois Volun- 
teers in the war of the Rebellion. He was 
elected county clerk, or clerk of the county 
court, in 1865, and at the expiration of his term 
accepted the cashiership of the First National 
Bank of Tuscola, but now resides in Santiago, 

The people having, at an election held in 
Xoveml)er, 1867, decided to adopt township 
rjrganization, Lucius McAllister, of Areola, Jos. 
B. McCown, of Camargo, and Henry B. Evans, 
of Tuscola, were appointed Commissioners to 
divide the county into townships, wdiich duty 
they performed by making the sub-divisions as 
they now stand. Jos. B. McCown served hon- 
ouably in the war with Jvlexico, as also in the 
Civil war of 1861, when he was colonel of the 
Sixty-third Illinois Infantr)-. Col. McCown 
stood high in the estimation of the people antl 
CDUsequentlv exercised considerable influence in 
politics antl public business generally. He pos- 
sessed all the attributes of good citizenship, and 
his death, November 21, 1869, was nnich la- 

H. B. Evans was elected assessor and treas- 
urer in 1865 and re-elected in 1867; as assistant 
Ihiited States marshal in 1870 he ]M-(icured 
the Douglas county data for the ninth census, 
and was postmaster of Tuscola for a number 
of years. 

The first meeting, under tnwnship organiza- 
tion, of the board of supervisors, was held in 
Tuscola, on Monday, May 11, 1868, and the 


supervisors were : Caleb Garrett, of Garrett ; 
Lemuel Chandler, of Bourbon; Asa T. Whit- 
ney, of Areola; Oliver C. Hackett, of Tuscola; 
(leo. W. Henson, of Camargo; Benjamin W'. 
llooe, of Newman; Isaac W. Bnrget, of Sar- 
gent, and Benjamin Bowdre, of "Deer Creek" 
townshij), but upon 1)eing informed Ijy the state 
auditor that there was a "Deer Creek" township 
in Tazewell county, the name was changed to 
"])Owdre," in honor of its first representative. 

In September, the same year, a petition to 
the board of supervisors was circulated, to 
which a great many signatures Iiad been ob- 
tained, wherein the petitioners endeavored to 
show their belief that a majority of the voters 
of the county desired the abolition of township 

Camargo township \\as formerly called Al- 
bany precinct, Newman was once Brushy Fork, 
Garrett township was a part of Bourbon, Bour- 
bon was once North Okaw, Bowdre, once 
called Deer Creek, was a i)art of Collins pre- 
cinct, and Sargent belonged to Oakland pre- 

Joseph G. Cannon came to Tuscola in 1859, 
the \-ear of the new county; was ck'clcd state's 
attorney in iSOi and again in 1X04. lie was 
elected to congress in iNjj and is tlieie now. 
1 le resides in l)an\ille. 

The lirst session of circuit court was held 
in the tluni jnsl riiiisjicd dcpol building ol the 
llliu( >is ( 'entral Railri lad. and tin- fu^l ci\ il case- 
on the cloeket was llnlloii \ s, l\. I'.. Johusou, 
default ol ilefendant and judguieul lor three 
dollars and twenty cents. This was an appeal 
from Dr. J. T. Johnson, a magistrate in the vil- 

lage of Bouron. Dr 

nson removed from 

Bourbon to a point south of .\ewman, and after 
a few vears went west. 

Afterward ct)urt was held over J. M. Maris' 
store, on northeast corner (_)f Parke and 
Sale streets, in which building Mr. Wallace had 
his office as recorder; at that time this was the 
largest a\'ailable room in Tuscola, and after 
that, until tlie ])resent iiermanent C(.)urt house 
was built, in the large two-story wooden build- 
ing which stands opposite the court house em 
the north, judge llarlan presided and heard 
all cases, whilst busily engJiged in carving cur- 
ious toys from soft wot)d, a habit he rarely 
laid aside during business hours. 

For a while the county clerk's oflice was 
in the east end of the hotel, burned in 1864, 
which occupied the site of the ".Stanley 
House." The ori.ginal liotel was l)nilt by the 
Town Comp.any, and tjiere seems to Ije good 
authority for the statement that the Illinois 
Central Raih-oad Company had agreed to put 
the depeit about opposite the site of the court 
house, sa\- Houghton street, but under a mis- 
take of the person in ch.arge, it got its present 

The court house was lieguu under the ad- 
ministration, as a comity coiu't, in iSf)4, of 
Judge h'rancis (.'. Mullen, of Garrt'lt town- 
sliip, assisted by John J). Murdock, of Camar- 
go, and C aleb Hales, ol r)Oin'l)on, ;is associates. Mullen was the second county judge of 
I )ouglas county; was born in I )elaw'are amP 
came to (iairett towiishi]) in 1850. Mr. Hales 
was elected in 1 S( 1 1 associate ju.stici', .and in 
iXj-j repre>euled his township as supei\ isor. 

The court house was a brick building ol 
Iwii stories au<l hasemeiU, and contained the 
iail and living rooms for the sheriff or jailer. 
It was situated in Pluck "C," a roomy enough 
plat of ground. _'i6.\-_?20, in about the centre of 
Tuscola. The plat was deeded to the county 



by the original Town Company for tlie consid- 
eration "that a court house of a substantial 
character should be erected upon it within four 
years from March 7, 1864. The grounds to 
be used exclusively for county buildings, and 
also conditioned that when it ceased to be used 
for such purposes it should revert to the grant- 

The architect of the building was O. L. 
Kinney, of Chicago. The original accepted 
bid for the masonry was fifteen thousand dol- 
lars, and the carpenter work was offered for 
seven thousand and seven hundred dollars. The 
contractors for the masonry failed to perform 
their agreement, even after two or three exten- 
sions of time, and an advance of twenty per 
cent, on their contract, which advance was also 
made to the carpenter. The county board 
finally took charge of the work and in conjunc- 
tion with Mr. J. M. Smith, of Tuscola, era- 
ploved the same builders and others, and 
brought the work to a conclusion. The entire 
original cost of the building and furniture was 
forty-two thousand dollars, the painting, glaz- 
ing and iron not having been included in any of 
the bids. 

County Officers of Dougl.^s County from 
ITS ()kg.\nization in 1859. 


J(.ilin I'li.-indler, elected A])ri1, [i<^t); re- 
elected 1861. 

William 11. Lamb, elected .November, 1865. 

John C. rarcel, elected Noveniber, 1869. 

Daniel O. Root, elected November, 1873. 

D. A. Conover, November, 1880, died in 
office February 2, 1899. 

Iv W. Jeffers, appointed, and is the present 


A. G. Wallace, elected April, 1859. 
P. C. Sloan, elected November, 1872. 
John N. Outcelt, elected November, 1882. 
R. F. Helm, elected November, 1886. 
J. W. King, elected in 1890. 
C. A. Hawkins, elected in 1898, the present 


William Hancock, elected April, 1859. 

George W. Flynn, elected November, 1861. 

V. C. McNeer, elected November, 1863. 

Henry B. Evans, elected Novemlier, 1S65; 
re-elected November, 1867. 

After township organization the office was 
called collector and treasurer. 


James T. Walker, elected November, 1869; 
re-elected Noveml)er, 1871. 

James M. Cox, elected November, 1873. 
Henry R. Ingraham, elected November, 


Lines L. Parker, elected 1879. 

T. S. Wyeth, elected 1886. 

L. E. lioot, elected 1890. 

James Jones, elected 1894. 

Henrv C. Ti)nes, elected 1898, the jiresent 



Samuel P.. Logan, elected April, 1859. 
Parmenas Watson, elected November, 



William T. French, elected November, 



Isaac L. Jordon, elected November, 1864. 

Henry C. Carico, elected November, 1866. 

N. Rice Gruelle, elected November, 1868. 

Newton I. Cooper, elected November, 1870. 

James H. Sliawlian, elected November, 

Francis G. Cunningham, elected November, 
1872; re-elected November, 1874; re-elected in 
1876, and died in office. 

Col. Wesford Taggart, elected 1880. 

T. S. Wyeth, elected 1886. 

John L. Gof¥, elected 1890. 

J. C. Cutler, elected 1894. 

F. 1). Eagley, elected 189S, died in olTice 
May 20, 1898. i<. T. Spies, RI. J)., then cor- 
oner, served out Bagley's time until the ne.xt 
general election. 

C. A. Moon, elected 1898, the present, in- 

sltpekin'1'I';ni)f.nt .schools. 

Wm. II. Sipple, elected A])ril, 1859. 
S. S. Irwin, elected November, 1861. 
J. 1"" rank Lamb, elected November, i86_5. 
W. \V. iMonroe, elected X<i\ember, ]H(>^. 
Sanniel T. Callaway, elected November, 
1869; re-elected November, 1873. 

C. W . W'lioKerlon, appointed .September, 

J. W. King, elected i\'c >vembei-, 1875. Mr. 
King resigned to accei)t post ollice ai>poiiit- 
nient at Newman and was succeeiled by ap- 
pointment of F. \-l. A. Starr. 

Josei)h R. Eurres served from 1882 to (886. 

Nora Smith, i8()4. 

Mamie Bunch, 1898. 

Thomas M. Wells, a most worthy young 
man, who was elected by an overwhelming vote 
in 1898, and was killed in a railroad wreck 
two weeks after being sworn int(.i office. 

On March (j, iX()i), lilanche Crn-away was 
appoinlrd and is the present incumbent. 


Henry C. Niles, elected April, 1859, ^'^' 
elected November, 1861. 

Issachar Davis, elected November, 1863. 

Enos C. Siler, elected November, 1865. 

Issachar JXavis, elected November, 1867. 

Edmund ImsIi, elected November, 1869. 

I lenry C. Xiles, elected November, 1871. 

Jssachar i )avis, elected November, 1^75. 

II. C. .\'iles, elected 1883. 

Win. I''.. I'rice was elected in icS,S3 and is 
the jiresent incumbent. 


Andrew J. Wallace, 1859 to ;88o, and was 
also Circuit ( 'lerk during the time, .\fler his 
death, in 1880, .\. ]'.. I'owell served six months, 
when, in 18S1, II. C. Niles was ai)])oiuted and 
has since lilled that office .satisfactorily. 

Sxslciii of surreys. — To nuc not informed 
in regard to the iirinciples nf the gnsernment 
snr\-e\-, the map of hnuglas cnnnly ]>reseuts a 
l;("hI UKinv difliculties, and it may nut be un 
])|-(iritable 111 (le\i>te ;i l>age {'> this subject. The sy>lem ;idMpted by the I'mleil 
Slates is peculiar to the i)ublic lauds i>i the gov- 
ernment, and was de\ised for the old .North- 
west. I\Ieri(lian lines running due north from 
the mouth of some river are first established. 
These are intersected at right angles by a base 



line, rimnini^- east and west, and arbitrarily lo- 
cated. The meridian lines are known as "prin- 
cipal meridians," the first one being a line run- 
ning due north from the mouth of the Miami 
river, and forming the east line of Indiana. 
The second principal meridian is a line running- 
due north from the Little Blue river, eighty- 
nine miles west of the former, and near the cen- 
tral [)art of the state of Indiana. The third 
principal meridian is a line running due north 
from the mouth of the Ohio river, and the 
fourth principal meridian is a line running due 
north from the mouth of the Illinois river. 
The base line from which the survey of Indiana 
was projected, and all of Illinois east of the 
Illinois river, crosses the state in latitude 
thirty-eight degrees and thirty minutes. With 
these principal lines established, the surveyors 
began at the intersection of the base line and 
a principal meridian line, and projected merid- 
ian lines, at intervals of one mile, parallel with 
the principal one, working eastwardly and 
westwardly from a given "i)rincipal meridian." 
Lines at right angles to these were run in sim- 
ilar manner, working northwardly and south- 
wardly from the base line. In running the 
north and sduth lines, owing to the shape of 
the earth, these are found to converge, and sul)- 
liase lines were established at intervals of 
twenty-four miles north of the base line and 
thirty miles below it, from which the line was 
l)egun afresh alter accurate nieasiu'ements east 
and west were obtained. At each of these 
■'Correction lines" a jog in the meridian-parallels 
will be observed, which shows the error due to 
convergence of lines. These jogs are known to 
surveyors as "fallings," i. e., falling to the right 
or left of the true corner, at the end of the 
line run. In surveying east and west from the 

several established principal meridians another 
"fault" is found in actual practice. The dis- 
tance between these principal meridians is such 
as to leave a narrow strip of land between the 
survey proceeding west (for example) from the 
third and east from the fourth principal merid- 
ian, and the east and west lines from either 
meridian are not found to exactly coincide at 
the meeting point. 

In actual surveying the first lines were 
run each way at intervals of six miles, dividing 
the country into "congressional townships." 
These townships were subsequently subdivided 
into sections by lines at an interval oi one mile 
by other surveyors, the law making it illegal 
for the same svu'veyor to run both sets of lines, 
so that one might be a check upon the errors of 
the other. The land was first offered for sale 
by sections, but this was found to work disad- 
vantageously to settlers, and these sections, 
containing six hundred and forty acres, were 
subdivided into halves of three hundred and 
twenty acres, and quarters of one hundred and 
sixty acres each, which last were again subdi- 
vided in halves of eighty acres, and quarters 
of forty acres each. "Fractions" are parts of 
sections intersected by rivers, or confirmed 
claims or reservations, and are of various sizes. 
The sections of a township are designated by 
numbers, beginning with the northeast corner 
and following in regular order to the west side, 
the second tier of sections Iieginniiig on the 
west side of the township and proceeding east, 
using the numbers from one to thirty-six in- 

Townships are designated by numerals in- 
creasing north and .south from the base line, 
and are still further defined by ranges num- 
bered east and west from the principal me- 



ridian, and both are rcfitiired to<;cflier witli tlie g west and ir east, tlic last bein.^;- fractional, 

furtlier description of nortli or south, and east .\ortIi of the Illinois river the rang-es are niini- 

or west to accurately locate it. hered east fi-oni the fourth ])rincipal meridian 

The sin-\ey of Illinois was ni.ide from n|) to the third ])rinci]>;il meridian, 
about iSi-' to i8_'4, and presents .some cxcep- In l)ou^las counly the peculiarities of the 
lions to the above rules. South of the base line survey are nearly all exemplified. The joj;- or 
both lo\vnshii)s and ran.L;es are regular, and "falliui;" in Newman and ("larrett to\vnshi]is 
north of it. to the southern liound.iry of town- shows the ])resencr of the correction line; rans^e 
ship ,^i. east of the Illinois ri\er. .\ portion of i i e;is1. in .\e\\ni;m and in Sargent townships, 
the state, east of a line runnin<4- due north froiu shows the result of the inilcpcndent surveys, 
the mouth of the W'abasli river fo the southern eastward from the third ])rincii)al meridian and 
line of towiishi|) 31 north, was sur\eyed west westward from the second ])rincipal meridian. 
fi-dUi the second princi])al meridian. ;ind r.-mi^'es and in r;m,ge n cast, the southern line of town- 
are numbered westward as high as fourteen; shii) 15 north shows the slight variation in the 
the ranges eastward from the third principal east and west lines of the two surveys. The 
meridian reaching number eleven, the last one long sections in the north tier of townshi]) 15, 
consisting of hut a single section in widtli. clear through Douglas comity, were the re- 
.\bo\-e townsliip 30, llie ranges extend east suit of the arbitrary placing of the correction 
from the fourth ])rincipal meridian to tlie cast- line: the townshi]) sur\eyor. having found the 
ern line of the state, and reach the number of extra hali'-mile on closing on his standard or 
sixteen. \\'est of tlie tbiril priiicip;d meridian correction line, threw it into lots and so re- 
llie r.nnges run rcgnl;irlv til till' Mississi])i)i and corded it. .M;my ci mtradictions between the 
Illinois ri\-ers so far north as the ])iiint where record and actual measurement are found, but 
the third principal mei-idian crosses the Illinois the rule is establisheil that where the original 
river, where the ranges west cease. The town- corners can be found they are imalterable. and 
ships are regular, extending south to number remain under the law as the true corners they 
iCi. and niirtli to number .\(\ North of town- were intended to re]iresent. even though not 
ship :;.^ north, the towiishi])s on tlie east side exactly where strict ])rofessional care nu'ght 
of the third ]>riiici])al meridian only ])roceed h.ive placed them in the lirst instance. IMissing 
regularly. That ])art of the sl.ite lying west of corners must be re-established in the identical 
the Illinois ri\er. and north of the Illinois ri\er localities they origin;illy oc<-upied. and when the 
and west of the third ])rinci])al is sjHit cannot be (k-turmined by existing land- 
surveved fnnu the t'ourth iirinci])al meridian, marks in the field, resort must lie hafl to the 
The base line fur this snrwy is a line running field notes of the original survey. The history 
due west from the point wliere the third jirin- of the first sur\ey of Douglas county is not 
cip.'d meridian crosses the Illinois river and complete, but township \(). range 8, was sur- 
passes just south of I'eardstown. The town- \eyed by John Alessinger, Ajiril. 1821; town- 
ships extend south from this line to number 14. ship 15, range 9. by W. L. May, in May, iSji ; 
and north to number 29. The r.uiges number lown.shi])s 14 and 15, in range 8. by C. iMcK. 


llanitraiick.wlii) sulKlivitled townsliip 15, range 
9, into sections in June, 1821. 

Topography and geology. — Douglas county 
lies about midway between tlie nortb and south 
limits in eastern Illinois. It is bounded on the 
north bv Chanii)aign. on the east by Edgar, 
on the south by Coles and on the west by Moul- 
trie and Piatt. It lies on the divide between the 
bydrographic basins of the AValiash and Kas- 
kaskia rivers, sending its surface drainage 
through the Embarrass to the one and through 
the Okaw to the other. The Eml^arrass, pop- 
ularly pronounced "Ambraw" through a cor- 
ruption of the French, takes its rise near To- 
loini, in Champaign county, and. flowing south- 
easterly through this county, proceeds in its 
meanderings some ninety miles liefore it reaches 
the Wabash in Lawrence county. It was 
marked b'ox rixer in the government surxey. 
but the French name seems to have outlived 
it. It is said that this name had its origin with 
the original settlers at Vincennes, who found 
the marshy margins of that river in that region 
a great embarrassment to early travel. The 
Okaw is the head waters of the Kaskaskia, and 
rises in Champaign county. Flowing nearly 
a direct south course, it passes through Garrett 
and l-)om"bon townsbi])S, ;uid thence sonth- 
westerlv to the Mississipi)i river in Randoli)h 
county, after a meandering course of lliree 
hundred miles. The regular tribnt-aries to these 
streams are few, the Embarrass receiving the 
r>rushv l'"ork from the northeast, a small creek 
draining the southeast corner of Newman and 
the northwest corner of Sargent town.ships ; 
Deer Creek, a prairie creek flowing nearly di- 
rectly east, and joining the main stream on the 
line of section 33. in Sargent town.ship; and 
Scattering Fork, a trilmtary which divides into 

three branches, which extend through Tuscola 
township, about a mile apart, and traverse the 
township in a southeasterly direction. The 
tributaries of the Okaw are all on the west side 
of the rixer in tliis county, and all have a south- 
easterly course. There are three only, Dry 
b'ork, Lake Fork and Big Slough, joining the 
main stream at points about five miles apart, 
and are characteristically named. 

The whole area of the county is covered so 
deeply witli drift clays that there is no outcrop 
of the underlying coal measure strata. From 
the exposures in the adjoining counties, it is 
known that the underl\-ing lieds belong to the 
upper coal measures, and prol)ably include two 
or three of tlie u]i])cr coals, but the extent to 
which they are dcx-elope<l here can onlv be 
determined xxilh the drill. It is not probable 
that any he;i\y bed of coal will be fomid short 
ot six hundred or eight hundred feet from the 
surface, though one of the upper seams, two 
or three feet thick, might be found at a mod- 
erate depth. The drift clays are found here at 
nearly th.eir maximum thickness, but only the 
upper part of this deposit is to be seen in the 
natural outcrops in the bluffs of the streams. 
Bowlders are rarely found of any great size 
in llie countx', and in manv p.nrts thev are un- 
known. Tn other sections, however, there are 
enougli, weighing" from one to five hundred 
])onnds, to add some difficulty to the tilling of 
the soil. The largest specimen of this rock 
stands in the southeast corner of section 28, 
township 16, range 7. It protrudes consider- 
alily abox'e the ground, showing" some one 
thousand cubic feet. Water is generally ob- 
tained of fair f|ua]ity at a depth of twenty 
or thirty feet. Upon section 33, town- 
ship 16, range (), in Camargo toxvnship, is a 



fine fdiiiilain of Ii\iiin- water, widely known as he paid o\er to tlie slate wlierein said land is 

"Patterson's Spring;" a similar one near the situated: and when the lands have been located 

Okaw on section 14, townshij) 16, range 7, is liy wai-rant or scrip, the said state shall he 

called the "Sulphur Spring," and another is in authorized to locate a like (|nantity of any puh- 

Ilackett's Grove, section 31, township if), range lie lands, subject to entry, .at one dollar and 

(,), the overriow of which linally reaches the Km- twenly-fnx' cents |)er .acre or less, and ])ateuts 

b.irrass, through Scattering I'ork. The soil is sh.all issue therefor." I!\' ;ui act ;ippro\-ed 

ni.ainly a deep, black, vegetable mold, character- Mai-ch 3. 1X57. "all Lands selected and re])orted 

islic of the [ir.airie lands throughout the central in ihe Land ol'licc." under the ,abo\e 

]Mir(ii]ns of the state. ( )n the timber lands the recited laws, were "cdulirmed to said stales 

soil is a light grayish clay, r.ather hettei" adapted iespecli\c'l\- so f,nr .as the s.ame rem.ained va- 

to wheat growing than the prairie soil. caul, un.appmpri.aled .and nol interfered with 

77/1' szi'aiiip lands. — county is sit- by .an .actual setllement under any Law of the 

uafed on the ( ir.and i'rairie, and is generally I'uiled .St.ates." 

a low, level tr.act of country. This fact greatly Under the ;ic( of 1S55, indemnitv for Lands 

relardeil its early settlement, ;is .a Large propor- disiiosed of by the ITnited States on scri]) or 

lion of its area was co\ei"ed with w.aler iluring w.iri'.aul sought to he secured out of Lands 

certain iiorlions of the } ( 'ulliwalion dulside of the st.ate limits, but the interior ile- 

doue much to reme(ly ibis e\il, hut the t.ask of parlment decided ( bebru.arv 5, iS^jfi) 

dr.aining so large .an are.a, where but lew good '"micIi iudennn't\- unist be limited to the stale in outlets exist, has been a slow work, which the origin;d selections were situated. 

In addition to this of this ;,n(l .as there .are no ])ublic Lands in Illinois with 

legion, there was a large .area in the county, as which to satisfv such .awards, if ui.adc, this of- 

well as throughout the central portion of the fice declines to lake cases as the one in c|ucs- 

state, of sw.amp or o\'erllowed Lauds. On the tidu into cnusider.ation." On April u, i88r, 

2Sth of Sei)temlier, 1850, the go\ern- ilie dep.artuieut remlered .a decision to the effect 

meut granleil to the se\ sl.ates the whole "ilie right <d" indemnitv under existing 

of these Lands, "m.ade unlit theia'b\' inv culti\.a- Laws goes onK' to s.ales m.adi' prioi' to M.aridi 

lion, and rem.aining unsold" on or alter that ;. 1837; fir sales suliseipienl to this lattia" date 

(Late. On M.arch 2, 1855, "An .act lor the re r.i ■ indi'mnil\' is now jirox ided." Anc itber (|ues- 

lief of purchasers .and Ln-.-ipirs of swamp and lion .arisiniv under ihese ads, in which I )oug- 

o\'erlloweil lands," ])ro\ided upon pi'oof by the las counlw with ct'rt.ain others, .a ] 

authorized agent of the st.ate, before the com- interest, relates to the gr.anl to the llli 

inissioner of the Land ollice, any uois Central R.ailw.av Conip.any. These lands 

of the Lands purch.ase<l b\' .any person Irom the were granted Iw the government by .an 

L'nite<l St.ates, ])rior to the p.ass.age of this act .act .appro\ed M.arch jo. 1850, .and con\-eved 

(March 2, 1855), were sw.amp Lands wa'thin e\ cry alternate section, designaied by e\'en num- 

thc true intent and meaning of the act of Sep- hers, for six sections in width on each side of 

leinber 28, 1850, "the purchase money shall the road. .\|)plicalions for indemnily for cer- 



tain lands williin tlie six miles limit of this 
grant were denied hy the depruiment in Novem- 
l>cr, 1855. "" ^'i*^' .ground "lliat llinsc lands 
wliirli had licen remoxed hv the president nnder 
the act (il Sepleniher jo, 1S50. did nul ])ass tf) 
the state hy x'irtue of the swamp land aet." 
This decision has heen repeatedly re-atYirmed, 
anfl as late as 1881 efforts ai^e Ijeing made to 
set aside the effect of these several deeisi<ins 
hy congressional action, and nntil such remedial 
legislation is accomplished. Tnscola and Ar- 
eola townships will not he ahle to recover any 
indemnity for swamp lands. 

It will l)e ol)served that under existing laws 
and decisions of the department of the interior, 
only the cash indemnity is availahle to Illinois 
claimants, and that only on lands erroneously 
disposed of h_v the United States hetween Sep- 
temher 20, 1850, and March 3, 1837. In most 
of the counties in Illinois, the original selec- 
tions of swamp lands were incomplete, for the 
reason that the county auth(^rities who selected 
them under instructions of the governor failed 
in most cases to list any swampy lands which 
had been entered prior to the actual date of 
the selection. But few of these selections were 
made prior to 1852, and most of them not nntil 
'853, so that the new selections are made to 
include all swamp lands entered after .Septem- 
her _'(), 1830, ;m(l nut previouslv re|)c)rled. 
I)iiuglas I'liunty has filed its claim rnid ])ri)ofs 
tor some six llmnsand "acres, hut has oidy rc- 
cei\ed two thousand, eight hundred and fifty- 
one dollars and twenty-one cents, wdiich is as 
yet unappropriated. 

Agric'ul/nrc. — Douglas is a purely agricult- 
ural county. The prime essentials of cheap 
coal, constant w\ater-power and ahundance of 
timber all .seem to l)e lacking in quantities ade- 

quate for manufacturing purposes. The dif- 
ferent streams of the county are all fringed 
with a good growth of timljer, which includes 
the usuay varieties of this latitude, such as 
white, black, Spanish and red oaks, shelhark 
and white In'ckory, sugar and white maple, white 
and red (.slippery) elm, black and honey lo- 
cust, white and black waliuit, swamp and up- 
land ash, sycamore, Cottonwood, nudberry and 
wild cherry. Since the land has been under 
cultivation, considerable timber has been added 
by the cultivation of forest trees on the prairie, 
to the success of which numerous groves about 
the county bear w itness. ^^'ood is still the prin- 
cijial fuel and is hauled to the various villages 
ill considerable quantities. The varieties gen- 
erally used are hickory antl oak, and bring 
prices varying from four to five dollars per 
cord. Since the building of the east and west 
railroads, coal has come largely into use, not 
only in the town, but among the farmers also, 
and will e\entually supplant w"Ood as fuel. 
The coal used is generally the bituminous va- 
riety, of Indiana, and is sold at about three 
dollars and a half per ton. No generally ob- 
served S3'steiu of agriculture is followed by 
the fariuers here. Average success has yielded 
too liberal returns to make a study of the scien- 
tific princijiles underlying this industry seem 
a necessity, and many innovations have been 
introduced in farming methods during the last 
twenty years. The pioneer farmer had enough 
to engage his attention and resources in pro- 
viding a plain subsistence for his family, and 
did little in the way of improved methods of 
cultivation, but with the rude, careless method 
in vogue, the land yielded considerably in ex- 
cess of the home demand, and in the absence 
of any profitable market there was no sufifi- 


cient inducement to increase the annual prod- a more or less systematic rotation of crops 

net by increased care and system. The first set- which is found to lie advantageous, 

tiers beg-an their imjirovement in the timber, The t^-reat staple of the county is ci>rn. 

and the scarcity nf this in the cnunty s^reatly This is usually the first cm]) planted on .sod 

delawd its dc\cl<ipnR'ut. It was nnt until the L^n mud, . -111(1 .t^euerally is succeeded by a .second 

buildiiiii- of the llhnois Central ixailroad that crop, and tiien by wheat. The tifnnmd is gen- 

tlic jirairie land began to be taken up for cul- eraliy well iircpared and the seed ]n\[ in by a 

tnatiuu. and then the great obstacle of its low, \\\n horse machine. 'I"he rows are laid nut 

wet character rctanled the movement. l'"iir regularly buth ways, ;uid the crop is generally 

.some years this was borne with .as beyond rem- well cultivated. This is principally done with 

edv, or at least not to be im])roved save by years the double cuhi\.ilor ]iassing in both directions 

of cultivation. ITp to about 1878 the farming and coiUiiuied uiUil the plant is .some four feet 

interests suffered, verv nuich from this cause, high or begins to "joint." when. tJie croji is 

many farmers selling their property after sev- "laid by." The I'arms are generally large, 

eral .successive annual failures and moving to averaging throughout the county from one luui- 

drier locations in the west. The new purchasers dred and sixty acres to two hundred acres, 

were generally men of some ca])ital, who at and the usual amount of help available will not 

once grajipled with the evil, and by a system permit fm-ther care, even if it was deemed nec- 

of drainage favored by good seasons revolu- essary. More care is not, however, considered 

lionized farming interests and made Douglas of any advantage. Corn is husked from the 

county as good an agricultural region as is standing stalk, a wagon being driven along 

found in the state. Tiles are most extensively one side and two rows taken at a time, the ear 

used and the soil is richlv ])roductive and does being slrip])ed. broken off and thrown in the 

not need enriching bv .artificial means. Com- wagon to be transferred to the crib. This har- 

mercial fertilizers are unknown here, and even vesting is generally done in Novemlier. but 

the accumulations of the barnyard are not pre- it is often late in the following month before 

.served with care and seldom used. The lack the cro]) is all housed. Many of the cribs are 

of demand for its use is the prime reason for mere tem])orary structin-es designed for the 

this waste, but the large dem.ands upon the reason's yield, .and .are built at the most con- 

jir.airie farmer's lime is also a notable f.ictor in veuient point. The present season has been es- 

tliis matter. There is a time in the spring when ])eci;dly unf;ivor;il)le for housing corn, 'idie 

tile hauling and scattering of ni.anure might warm wet weather iirevented the grain 

be done without the neglect of other duties, from hardening and drying, and some have 

but in this latitude the soil is generally at this been obliged to put lines of tile through the 

time so soft that it is considered unwise to cut body of the grain to give it air to dry. The 

it up with the wagon. The fertility of the s.)il different towns about afYord good marketing 

has led to the practice of cropping the .same facilities, and it is g-enerally dispo.sed of in the 

field for twelve or fifteen years in succession, ear, but few steam shellers being found in the 

but this practice has of late years given way to county. A large proportion of the yield is fed 


to stock, Init :i still larger proportion, perhaps, 
is shipped away and forms an important source 
of revenue. 

Wheat is an important product of the coun- 
ty. In an early day this was thought to he ill- 
adapted to the soil and climate and was only 
found to succeed on the sod ground of the tim- 
her lands. Continued cultivation and the care- 
ful choice of seed has developed the fact that it 
can he grown anywhere with fair success, though 
many still hold that it is more productive 
on the soil of the timber belt. While it is f()und 
to do well on sod gnxmd, is generally sown on 
corn stubble. In this case it is usually drilled 
in with a single-horse machine of five hots 
1)etween the rows. When sown otherwise, the 
ground is carefully prepared and the seed put 
in with a two-horse drill. The grain is threshed 
in the field, the steam-power and horse-power 
thresher being in about ecpial use and favoi'. 
The straw was, some years ago, generally 
burned, but a more economical method h^'.s 
since come in \-ogue, and the straw stack gen- 
erally left open to stock, which are found to 
thrive in an open winter with very little other 
feeding. The sales of wheat each year reach 
a high figure and find the general in.-irkct 
through the elevators which are found at e:icli 
of the principal villages of the county. Oats 
are grown to a considera1)le extent, .-uul lonn 
a considerable l)art of marketable product of tlie 


This road was completed through Douglas 

county in 1855, the charter having been granted 

by act of congress in 1850. This was the first 

■.-.'■lie work that received subsi(Jies of land from 

the United States government. The matter 
was engineered by Stephen A. Douglas, at that 
time United States senator, in which enterprise 
he had the task of reconciling and combining 
in favor of the measure the influence of both 
ISenton and Clay, who were strongly oppo.sed 
to each other in"everything else. Mr. Clay said 
in a speech that he "had traveled these prairies 
for days at a time and never saw a tree as large 
as a walking stick." Douglas turned to Benton 
and said, "He never was on a prairie in his 
l;fe, and on our prairies you are never out of 
s'ght of timl)er a minute." 

This road was granted every alternate sec- 
tion of land, designated by even mimbers, for 
six miles on either side of the track, afterward 
increased by a further grant of the alternate 
sections within fifteen miles of the track on each 
side of the road and its branches, all even num- 
bered sections, except section 16, which was 
reserved for schools and also excepting lands 
( ccupied by actual settlers. The United States 
lands had been selling for one dollar and 
twenty-five cents per acre and the price of the 
remaining lands was immediately doubled, and 
some are said to have sold as high as five and 
six dollars per acre. 

The government reserved the privilege of 
transportation, free of toll or other charge, of 
;'.nv ])roperty or troops of the United States, 
and a condition was, that the road should be 
completed in ten years, ;ind the company, by 
;ict of assembly, to pay into the state treasury 
five per cent, of the gross earnings of the road 
for all future time, and also, three-fourths of 
one per cent, of stock and assets, or enough to 
make at least seven per cent, of the gross earn- 
ings, a perpetual revenue to the .state; and the 
lands were to be free from taxation until they 



had been sold and conveyed. r>y the charter 
road is free from local and numicipal taxation. 
The number of acres granted to this road in 
tlie state was two million, iive hundred and 
ninety-fi\-e thousand. 

The relative elevations of points along the 
line of this mad in the county are as follows: 

The south hue of the county. . . . 303.0 

Areola station ?,'^^-7 

Bourbon Switch 279.3 

TuscfT^a station 285.3 

North line of comity Zo--7 

This makes Areola 18.4 feet higlier than 
Tuscola, ou the line of the road. The north 
line of the count v is the highest point, hut one, 
between Centr;di;i and ( 'li;inip;iign, the higli 
est pi>int being two miles north ol ToImuo. It 
is notable, however, in counection with these 
facts, that Tuscola is conspicuous troin the sur- 
rciunding country. Avhicb is not the fact in the 
case of Areola, and mav be owing to some ex- 
tent to the elevation of soiue buildings, as the 
court house and seminary. These figures apply 
to this railroad only. It will not do to com])are 
Iheni as tbe\' stand with eoui])arati\e elevations 
U]ion other roads in the county. 

Till': lNI)I.\NAI'o|.IS, DICC.VITk X W l-'.S ll'.KX 

This road lra\ei'ses the county from east to 
west, north of the middle, in lownshiii i') and 
near the middle of Newnnan, C'amargo, Tuscola 
and Garrett townships, intersecting the Illinois 
Central at Tuscola, the county seat. It was 
finished through the county in 1S72. The 
charter of the Indiana & Illinois Central 

Railroad Com[)any, of Indiana, liears date of 
December 30, ICS52; that of the Decatur & 
Indianajiolis was dated March 21, 1853. and 
these were consolidated in 1854, furming the 
I., I ). M- W. i\aih\ay.the road recei\-ing its pres- 
ent name imder reorganization in 1876. 

In i8f)8, Dniiglas county pmxhased 2,45(; 
shares of the ca])ital stock of the com])any and 
there was issued to the county a certificate for 
the shares. These were at a par value of $i_'_'.- 
950 and were purchased of pri\-ate parlies in 
lndiana]iolis for $_'o,ooo. The transaction 
was co.nducted liy T. I I. Macoughtry, Maiden 
Jones, and Thomas S. Sluss, and reiiorted to 
April term of county couit, }H(\H. In 187J 
tlie ciiunty issued to the ci>m])any $80,000 in 
bunds, with interest at ten ]>er cent., i>ayable 
•.annnalh', ]irinci])al payable in twenty years, 
reserving the right to p;iy the principal after 
e'glit \'ears: this in accordance with the will of 
the electors, as exjiressed at the polls July 15, 
|80(). There was also subscribed in aid ol this 
road, b\- a \'ote of the ]>eople in Newman town- 
shi]), $12, 000; Camargo townshi]), $15,000; 
Tuscola township, $_'o.noo : (Barrett townshi]), 
$r3,ono; making an aggregate of $60,000, 
]\avable in t'oiu'teen wars, with interest at ten 
]K'|- cent. bending the building of the ro;id 
lai'ge (piantities of lands had been ;iC(|nired b\' 
the com]);mv. long its line in this and other 
comities, in subscriptions of private parties tor 

Tlu' relative I'levalioiis of points along the 
line of this road, in the count)', are as follows: 

b'asl line of county 247 

Newman 238 

One mile east of Camargo 268 

Two miles west of Camargo. . . . 268 



Tuscola 251 

Atwood, west line of county 257 


Tin's line tr;i\orses the county from east to 
west, in the south part, crossing the Illinois 
Central at Areola. It was originally an enter- 
prise of citizens of .Areola and the vicinity, and 
\vas first calle<l the I'aris & Decatur. LT])on 
the extension of the line to Terre Haute, the 
nruue of that city was prefixed, and, finally, a 
further addition was made to Peoria. It is 
now operated by the Vandalia system. The 
first train passed over this road October 25, 


This road was instituted by Tuscola 
people, materially aided by influential parties 
in Douglas and Vermilion counties. It runs in a 
northeast direction from Tuscola, leaving 
Douglas county in the northeast part of Cam- 
argo township, thence through parts of Cham- 
paign and Vermilion counties to the ancient 
town of Dallas, and to Danville. The prelim- 
inary surveying was done upon this line in 
January. i(S72, and ground broken the follow- 
ing April. It is now the Chicago & Eastern 
Illinfiis, running from Chicago to St. Lrmis. 

Other roads have been prt)posed which were 
designed to cross the county in some part, as a 

road from Pana to Tolono, through Garrett 
township ; a Mattoon & Danville, through 
Bowdre and Newman, and a Charleston & 
Danville, touching Sargent township, all of 
which have had i)reliminary surveys. Another 
proposed road is 


Which runs in a southwesterly direction from 
Areola, has been graded for several miles. In 
October, 1871, delegations from Areola and 
Tuscola met in Shelbyville, in the interests of 
this road and that of their respective towns ; 
this, of course, was whilst the Illinois Central 
was the only railroad in the county. 


In the act creating the county of Douglas, 
the new county became responsible for one- 
fourth part of the indebtedness of Coles county 
to the Terre Haute & Alton Railroad, and 
accordingly, at a special meeting of the county 
board, January 8, 1868, the county purchased 
of John Monroe, of Coles county, bonds num- 
bers I to 15 inclusive amounting to $19,070.98, 
and also paid interest on a remaining $10,000, 
amounting to $7,800, and since, about $12,500 
of interest and princip;d, ni;iking a total cost to 
the ciiuiUy, in the transaction, of $3(). 370.98. 
Coles county had taken $100,000 in the stock 
of the road, now called the I. & St. L. 





rUliUC SENTIMKNT AN'l) CIVIL ACTION. cni p(irlii)ns of tllC CiiUlltrV. It is (liiulllful 

wlicllier Ii(ii)c (ir fi-ar prc'cldininatcd in tlio 
Tlie w.'u" of tlie ivclit'llidn is a .i^roat land- iiiiiuls (jf the iJeoplc as tlic day a])pn)aclie(l 
mark in the history u\ the nation. It is a no wlicn Lincoln was to l)e inaugurated, hut tlie 
less important one in the liisbjry of Douglas hope and expectation of the great majority 
county. In its early history the winter of the was that, in liis grasp, tlie serpent of .secession 
'■great snow" measured the i)crspecti\e of re- would he strangled, as Jackson had done he- 
ceding years, hut in the maturer age "the war"' fore in the case of the "Nulliliers." it was in 
marked the turning of a new page. In those this state of vacillation hctween hope and fear, 
years of national trial there was scarcely a fam- that the reverherations of I'Virt Sumter's guns 
ily in the county that was not called n])on to ass.ailcd the ears of the eager North. It was 
do and suffer for the common, and many this explosion, echoing round the world, that 
a heart sorrow or the foundation of a pros- united the \'arious ])olitical elements, and made 
jjcrous fortune dates hack to those fateful men Lhiion or non-Lhu'on. Niceties of i)olitical 
years. distinctions were almost entirely lost sight of, 
The ]iolitic,al c\cnts which ])rcceded the an<l while the change of front was too sudden 
war found m.anv anxions watchers here. The an<l ra<lical to secure the adhesion of. all to 
sen.atorial camp;iign of iiS5S, with the succeed- one party, Douglas I'ounly. in the main, pre- 
ing presi<Ienti;il contest of iSOo, in holli of sented hut one sentiment, and that for the sup- 
which Lincoln was the ex])onenl of princii)les port of the Union, .'^alm'day, .\[iril 13, icS6i, 
then in the ascend.ancy in Douglas county, I'orl .Sumter siu'rendcrcd. The news spread 
served to fix the attention of this section upon over the country and Douglas county respond- 
the jiolitical storm which .seemed to he gather- ed to the call for troops with a patriotic en- 
ing with portentions niutterings over the south- thusiasm not excelled hy any community in 



the state. Volunteering for the service was 
spirited, and prominent in the efforts to se- 
cure troops for the defense of the Union should 
be mentioned the names of E. McCarty and 
J. B. McCown. 

It was not until the second year of the 
war that the county took official action to aid 
enlistments. In July, 1862, the county court 
passed an order "for the purpose of aiding in 
enlistment of volunteers for the United States 
service to be raised in the county of Douglas; 
fur the support of the families of those who 
have heretofore enlisted from Douglas 
county." By this order the sum of $2,000 
was appropriated, or as much as necessary for 
the purpose. At the same time, to carry out 
the intention of this appropriation, it was fur- 
ther ordered "that the justices of the peace 
of the county be invited and requested to act 
in concert with the court in carrying out this 
laudable intention, by acting promptly in this 
matter, by ascertaining and reporting to the 
clerk of this court the names of all volunteers 
who were or are residents of their respective 
precincts at the time of entering the service, 
showing separately the names of all those 
leaving wives and families or others dependent 
upon them for a livelihood and support. The 
said justices shall from time to time keep them- 
selves advised of the condition and wants oi 
all such families as far as the comforts and 
necessaries of life are concerned, and shall 
make arrangements with some merchant, or 
merchants, grocer or grocerymen, to furnish 
the said families and persons dependent, as 
aforesaid, with the said necessaries, using due 
caution and circumspection with an eye to 
economy, reporting their acts and doings in 
the premises to this court at each regular 

meeting of the board, together with the bills 
made for said support, properly certified to by 
them, for allowance as other claims by the 
court; and further to do and perform what 
other duties may become necessary as time 
may suggest in the premises." A regular tax 
was sulisequently levied for this purpose, and 
in December, 1864, it was ordered "that Gil- 
bert Summe be appointed agent, whose duty it 
shall be to visit all such destitute families and 
ascertain their exact condition, and supply 
their wants by giving orders to grocers and 
merchants for such groceries or clothing as 
their wants may require, specifying definitely 
the quantity of each item and article, using all 
due care and circumspection with an eye to 
strict economy, and keeping a just and correct 
account by copy of each order, in whose favor 
drawn, and to whom the order may be sent. 
It shall be the duty of said agent further to 
agree with some merchant or merchants, gro- 
cer or grocers, to supply the said volunteers' 
families with such things as they may require 
at a reduction on their customary rates of sale, 
if such an arrangement be possible." The tax 
reached one and a quarter mills upon the dol- 
lar for this purpose, and the method of dis- 
bursing it was changed so as to pay each wife 
or mother of volunteers $1 per week, and fifty 
cents per week for each child under ten years 
of age. What sum the county expended in 
this way iloes not appear in the state rejjorts, 
and no reliable estimate can l)e made of it, but 
it was a very considerable sum, and th^es honor 
to the loyal, generous sentiment of the comity. 
No bounties were offered by the county. 
In fact, there seemed no necessity for this ex- 
penditure to stimulate enlistments, the county 
promptly meeting the demands made upon it 


and filling- its quota witliout resort to draft. The tin died df wounds received at Liberty Gap, 
population of Douglas county in 1860 was June 25, iSO;,. (iilliert Snninie, of Tuscola, 
7,101;: the enrollment showed, in 1863, 1,491 was cai)tain of Company A, Seventy-ninth 
men subject to military duty, and 1,803 i" Illinois, a three months' regiment. Dcrrick 
1864, and 1, 841') in January. 1865. The quota Lamb, of Tuscola, was captain of Company 
of the county in 1861 was 199 men; in 1862, Iv, One Hundred and iMirty-ninlh, and .after- 
136; under the calls of February i and March w.ard of Com])any (',, One Hundred and Thirty- 
14. i8r)4. for an aggregate of 700,000 men, fifth. J. .M. Al.iris. of Tuscola, was (piartcr- 
Douglas county's (|Uota was j,^/>, and under m.-ister in the Sixtv-third Regiment. |. J'l. 
the call of July 18, 1864, for 500.000, it was iMcCown, of C.iniargo, was colonel of the 
281, making a total of 952 men as the quota of Sixty-third, in which regiment J. W. iMcKiu- 
tlie county prior to December 31, 1864. Up ney was surgeon. W. II. I.;iml). of Tu.scola, 
to this period the enlistment had reached i.f)o8, w;is a<ljntant of iho Seventy niiUb. Wesford 
makuig an e.Kcess of 56 men. Under the Last Taggart, of 'I'uscoja, was lienleu.ant-coloncl of 
call, December 31, 1865, the (piota was 225, the Twenty-fiftli. Dr. J. L. Reat was surgeon 
and the enlistments 1(17. making the grand of the Twcnty-lir^t. llenrv Von Trcbra, of 
total of (|Uotas: For the war, 1,177, and the Areola, w;is colonel of the Thirty-second Jn- 
credits, 1,175, a deficit of 2 men. It is probable, diana. lie died in Arcol.a in August, 1805. 
however, that instead of a small deficit, Doug- Simeon I'addlef'ird, of Tuscola, was a quar- 
las county furni.shed more than her quota, if termaster in the Twenty-lirsl Illinois. Doug- 
all who volunteered from it had found their las county was represented bv a few men in 
names jjl.accd to its credit. each of the regiments. Twenty third, lofly- 
The first full company — D, Twenty-first seventh. One Hundred and l'"i fty-f'ourth llli- 
lllinoi.s — went out under the command of C.apt. nois Infantry, in the Second, lol"lh and Tenth 
James \L Callaway, of Tu.scola, who became Illinois Cavalry, and the Chicago Light .\rtil- 
lieiUenant-colonel. T'resident (iraiit was the lery. In the T\\ cut v-first, Twentv liftli, h'if- 
first colonel of this regiment. I'., b'rank Reed, ty-fonrth, .Sc\ enly niiUh, ( )ne llinidred .and 
of Bowdre low nshi]). also a capt.ain of this Thirty-fiflh, One Hundred and i-'ort v-niuth 
company. He died in September, 18^)5, of Illinois inf.inlry a)id Thirteenth Illinois Cav- 
wounds received ;it William arly there were larger representations, and a 
lirian the first captain of Companv 11, more cxtemled iioiici' of the reginu'nts' career 
Iwenty-filth Regiment. !'"om- companies were is subjoined \viiu\ the .adjnfaul's re- 
made uj) for the Seventy-ninth, .Mien Bnckner, port, 
of Areola, being the colonel. A. \an Deren, of 

Tuscola, was captain of Company 1',; William twi-ntv-kirst Illinois ink.\ntkv. 

A. Low, of Newman, captain of C'omp.any 'The first of count\''s contributions 

E; Oliver O. Bagiey, of Camargo, was captain to the war went out in Company 1), 01 the 

of Company G. and Dr. H. D. Martin, of 'Twenty-first Regiment. The officers of this 

Areola, was captain of Company K. Dr. Mar- comi)any were as follows: 



Captains — J. E. Callaway, till September 
19, 1862; B. F. Reed, till Scptcmijer 22, 1863; 
J. T. Kirkman, till June 7, 1864; P. A. Cord, 
til muster out of regiment. 

First Lieutenants — B. F. Reed, till Sep- 
tember 19, 1862; Simeon Paddleford, till Au- 
gust 18, 1864: J. W. Pierce, till May 13, 1865; 
S. H. Ford. 

Second Lieutenants — J. T. Kirkman, till 
.Se])teml)cr 19, 1862; Lawrence Mc(.iratb, not 

Enlisted men from Douglas county were: 

First Sergeant — G. P. Barlow. 

Sergeants — C. A. Coykendall, died at Tus- 
cola, January 10, 1865; F. T. Westfall, Sim- 
eon Paddleford, promoted lirst lieutenant; Cor- 
nelius Hopkins. 

Corporals — John W'elliver, promoted ser- 
geant; Evan Calleutine; S. A. Albin, died Jan- 
uary I, 1863; of wounds; P. A. Cord, W. W. 
Watson, James Gillogy; Simon Childers, died 
;\pril 1. 1862; John Pence. 

Musicians — J. R. Eldred, William Mitchell. 

Wagoner — B. F. Owings. 

Privates — S. Ayres ; J. C. Ackerman, killed 
at Stone River, January i, 1863; W. Avery, 
died May 4, i8()4, ])risoner of war; L. P. Jjunt- 
ing, killed at .Stone River January I, 1863; 
R. B. Bostwick; 1). W. iSarnett, died January 
27, 1864, prisoner of; \V. S. Brasselton, 
died March I, 1 S63 ; W. W. liagley; J. E. Bag- 
lew died Julv 4, 18^14. prisoner of war; C. 
Burns, J. Byers, killed at Stone River, January 
I, 1863; J. W. Barrum, J. W. Brinnegar, E. 
Coi¥in, S. C. Clubb; I. S. Cross, died Septem- 
ber 6, 1864. prisoner of war; J. Condit, J. Cos- 
let. W. C. Coslet, F. M. Daniels, Jtjhn Daniels, 
Steven Daniels, G. W. Doyle; L. J. Day, killed 
at Chickamauga, Sejitember 20, 1863; G. Earl, 

S. H. Ford, William Friddle, G. M. Grace, W. 
W. Grace; Jacob Good, died January 23, 1863 ; 

A. Geer, E. Hollingsworth. D. Haines, Thomas 
Haines, R. B. Hoofman ; G. Helmick, died 
March 28, ]862; William Hill, A. Hagaman, 
J. Hornback ; Thomas Keaton, died November 
21, 1 861; William Leston, S. A. Lindsay, 
John Lyons, N. B. Modissett, Charles Mont- 
gomery; L. McDowell, died .August i, 1863; 
F. Mary, Thomas McGuire, J. D. Maddo.x, 
J. N. Neal; E. H. Neal, promoted corporal, 
died January 9, 1864, prisoner of war; Henry 
Otten, J. Osborne; .\. H. Perry, drowned at 
Pittman's Ferry, Mary 14, 1862; J. W. Pierce, 
H. R. Potts, William Polk, J. J. G. Russell. 
John Robinett, William Riley; Levi Romine, 
died February 16, i8C)3; J. Riney, H. Shoap, 
W. N. Saintford, J. Skinner, G. W^ Snyder, 

B. F. Shook, J. Shireman; W. H. Smallwood, 
died January 16. 1863, of wounds; J. Ted- 
row, I. D. Van Meter, R. P. West, John Wa- 
ters, G. W. White, H. Warren, 

Veterans — S. D. .\yers, C. Burns, R. B. 
Bostwick; P. A. Cord, promoted captain; J. 
Conflict, promoted cor[ioral ; F. M. Daniels, Q. 
I-dlis; S. H. I'^ord, ])rom(.)ted first lieutenant; 
William Friddle; G. M. Grace, promoted CQr- 
poral ; F. Hollingsworth, D. Haines, T. W. 
Haines, William Hill; W. 11. Liston, promoted 
sergeant; .\. A. Lindsay, Thomas McCJuire, 
\\illiani Mitchell; L. McGrath, promoted 
sergeant; A. J. NewptMt, B. F. Owings; J. W. 
Pierce, promoted first lieutenant; J. C. Still, 
John Waters, W. W. Watson. 

Recruits — S. C. Bagley, died April 24, 
1864, prisoner of war; O. Ellis, C. C. Lee; W. 
P. Liston, died October 8, 1863, from wounds; 
L. McCirath ; I. W. Noel, killed at Stone River, 


December 30, 1862; J. Nell; Thomas Owens, nibal & St. Joseph Railroad, west of Palmyra, 
(lied May 28, 1862; A. N. Protzman, Gilby and the Twenty-llrst was ordered to their re- 
Sipple, Thomas Wamsley, J- ^\'■ Watson, J. lief. Under these circumstances, expedition 
M. Wyckoff. \\as necessary; accordingly the march was 
The regiment was organized in the sev- abandoned, and the railroad was called int<j 
enth congressional district, and was ren- requisition. Before the Twenty-hrst reached 
dezvonsed at Mattoon, Illinois. On the i5th'of its new destination the Sixteenth had extri- 
M^y, 1861, it was mustered into the state serv- cated itself. The Twenty-first was then kept 
ice for thirty days, by Capt. \J. S. Grant. On on duty on the line of the Hannibal & St. Jo- 
ihe jSth iif June it was mustered inti) the Uni- sepli Railroad fur abuut two weeks, without, 
led States service, with Capt. LL S. Grant as however, meeting an enemy or an incident 
colonel. A letter from Gen. Grant gives the worth relating. We ditl make one march, how- 
history of his connection with the regiment ever, during that time, from Salt River, Mis- 
as follows: "I was appointed colonel of the sonri, to Florida, Missouri, and returned in 
Twenty-first Illinois Volunteer Infantry, by search of Tom Harris, who was reported in 
Gov. Richard Yates, some time early in the that neighborhood with a handful of rebels, 
month of June, 1861, and assumed command It was impossible, however, to get nearer than 
of the regiment on the i6th of that month, a day's march of him. From Salt River the 
The regiment was mustered into the service of regiment went to Mexico, Missouri, where it 
the United States in the latter part of the same remained fi_)r two weeks; thence to fronton, 
month. P)eing ordered to rendezvous the reg- Missouri, passing through St. Louis, on the 
iment at Uuincy, Illinois, 1 thought, for the /th of August, when I was assigned to duty as 
purpose of discipline antl speedy efficiency for a brigadier-general, and turned over the coin- 
the lield, it would be well to march the regiment mand of the regiment t(j that gallant and 
across the couirtry, insteail of transporting by Christian ofticer. Col. Alexander, who ;ifter- 
rail. Accordingly, on the 3rd of July, 1861, ward yielded up his life, whilst nobly leading it 
the march was commenced from Camp N'ates, in the battle of Chickamauga." 
Springfield, Illinois, and continued until about The regiment remained at Ironton, Mis- 
three miles beyond the Illinois ri\er, when souri, untiM k'tobcr jo, iSdi, when it marched 
disjiatches were received, changing the destina- out from that ])lace, and participated in the 
lion of the regiment to Ironton, Missouri, and battle of iM-ederickstown on the following d;iy. 
directing me to return to the river and take a Returning to Jmnton, the Twenty-first re- 
steamer, which hail been sent there for the pur- mained luitil January 29, 1862, when it 
pose of transporting the regiment to St. Louis, marched with Gen. Steele's expedition to Jack- 
The steamer failing to reach the point of em- sonport, Arkansas, wiien it was ordered to 
barkation, several days were here lost. In the Corinth, by way of Cape Girardeau. On May 
nieantime a portion of the Sixteenth Illinois 24, 1802, the regiment reached 1 lambm-g 
Infantry, under Col. .Snnth, was rei)orted sur- Landing, and look up a position near C'orinlh 
rounded by the enemy at a [loint on the Han- subsefjttenlly. On the evacuation of this place. 



tlie Twenty-first pursued tlie enemy from 
Farmington, Mississippi, to Booneville. Re- 
turning from the pursuit, it formed a part of 
an expedition to Holly Springs. On the 14th 
of August, 1862, the Twenty-first was ordered 
to join Gen. Buell's army in Tennessee, which 
it accomplished, marching hy way of Eastport, 
Mississippi, Columliia, Tennessee, Florence, 
Alabama, Franklin, Murfreesboro and Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, arriving at Louisville Sep- 
tember 2-j, i(S62. On the counter-march across 
Kentucky in pursuit of Bragg, the regiment en- 
gaged in the battles of Perryville and Chaplin 
Hill, Company F being the first troops to en- 
ter Perryville. From thence the regiment 
marched to Crab Tree Orchard and Bowling 
Green, Kentucky, and to Nashville, Tennessee. 
When the army marched from Nashville, 
December 26, 1862, this regiment formed a 
part of the Second Brigade, First Division, 
Twentieth Army Corps, and was in the skir- 
mish at Knob Gap. On December 30, in con- 
nection with the Fifteenth ^Visconsin, Thirty- 
eighth lllinnis and One Hundred and First 
Ohio, it had a severe engagement with the en- 
emy near Murfreesboro, where it chargetl the 
f;unous Washington (rebel) Light Artillery, 
twelve I'arnitt guns, and succeeded in driving 
every man from the battery, when it was com- 
pelled to f;ill back liy a division of rebel in- 
fantry. During the battle of Murfreesboro 
it was fiercely engaged and did gallant duty, 
losing more men than any other regiment en- 
gaged. The Twenty-first was with Gen. Rose- 
crans' army from Murfreesboro to Chat- 
tanooga. On June 25, 1863, the regiment was 
engaged in a severe skirmish at Liberty Gap. 
It was subsequently engaged in the battle of 
Chickamauga. where it lost two hundred and 

thirty-eight oftrcers and men. Col. Alexander 
being killed and Lieut. Col. McMackin being 
wounded, Capt. A. C. Knight took command 
of the regiment. After the battle of Chicka- 
mauga the Twenty-first was attached to the 
First Brigade, First Division, Fourth Army 
Corps, and remained at Bridgeport, Alabama, 
until the close of 1863. February 27, 1864, 
the regiment re-enlisted, some twenty-five men 
of Company D veteranizing. The regiment 
served in the Atlanta campaign, and subse- 
quently was ordered to Texas, where it was 
mustered out December 16, 1865, at San 


Company H <.)f this regiment was recruited 
in Douglas county. The commissioned officers 
were: Captains — William Brian, till Decem- 
ber 30, 186 1 ; Benjamin F. Ford, till March 2, 
1863; J. H. Hastings, till October 2, 1863; 
John Scott, till nuistered out. 

First Lieutenants — Allen Buckner, till June 
13, 1862; H. C. Paddock, till November 14, 
i8()2; J. H. Hastings, till March 2, 1863; 
John Scott, till Octolier 2, 1863; Thomas Mal- 
lott, till .September i, 1864; James T. Walker, 
till September 21, 1865. 

Secr^nd Lieutenants — Archibald \'an De- 
ren, till July 15, 1862; J. H. Flastings, till No- 
vember 14, i8()2; John Scott, till March 2, 
1863; Thomas Mallott, till October 2, 1863. 

The enlisted men from Douglas county 
were : First Ser'^eant — H. Hopkins died at 
Jefl"erson City Sei)teml)er 12, 1861. 

Sergeants — Daniel O'Root, Henry Cook; 
G. W. Harris, promoted sergeant; J. H. Has- 
tings, promoted second lieutenant. 


Corf^onils — Janics Lewis. W. H. Harrison, i^<>s: I. S. \Miecler, killed at Tea Ridi^c, 

l^anicl Jacobs; J. T. \\'alker, promoted first .Arkansas, March S, 1S62; A.J. Walston. pro- 

lieutcnant: John Yaker; John Scott, promoted moted sert^eant. 

second lientenant; G. P. McOnaid, died Manrii Kccniils — Perry Bnrnham ; J. A. Carthal. 

2, 1863, of wounds received at Stone River. died at Rolla, IMissouri, January 18, T862; H. 

Musicians — G. P. Sart;ent J. A. Ritter. II. Crist; D. Dennis, died at Jefferson City 

]Vagoncr — William 1 loqland. September \2. i(S()i: L N. Dickens, S. Epley ; 

Privates — Charles Allison, promoted cor- William Helm, died at Nashville November 
poral, died January 21, 1863; J>. I"". Allison, J. i). oXdj; 1). C. Johnson; S. Kin^jery, died at 
A. .Vrmstnini;-, G. \V. Anderson, T. .\ter; J. St. Louis l)eceml)er _'5, i8()i; William Muir, 
R. Big-gs, died November J I, 1803, of woinids; James Moore, W'. R. Me<!ca]l', II. I!. Prose. 
S. Bierfeldt, L Ba.shalm, A. I'.anta, Henry .Mexander Perry, Willi.nm Steyer, J. W. 
Busby, Lewis Cook. Charles Corban, S. Cun- Sleeper, Jo.seph X'in.son, C. Winter, 
ning-ham, William Donley. William Early, B. The Twenty-lifth Regiment \v;is recruited 
F. I'.\ans. J. .S. I'";i]l<ner, Iv i'"alster, John in the spring and summer of ! 861. and was or- 
Gilmore, Joseph Hammer; Jose])h Hamilton, ganized in August at Mattoou. The regiment 
died at St. Louis I-'ebruary 17, 1861; Josei)h was assigned to the Department of Missouri, 
Harvey; J. W. Hopkins, died at St. Louis and proceeded to Jefferson City, which was 
December 13. 1861; I-'. T. Hopkins, died at then threatened Ity the army of Gen. Price, 
Lika, Mississippi, August 30. 1862; George fresh from its dearly-bought victory at Lex- 
Hopkins, Joseph Hyde. J. Henrv, William ington. Here the Twenty-lifth remained nntd 
Hewitt, J. PL Ishum ; H. T. James, promoted the latter part of September, when it marched to steward; W. I). Jones; (',. Klink, pro- Sedalia, and was assigned to Sigel's famous 
moted principal musician; William Leyh; division. Here it remained tnitil the middle of 
Thomas ALillott, ])romoted corporal, sergeant ( )ctober, gaining discipline, foraging, picket- 
and second lieutenant; Claus Moner; F. H. iug, etc., and tlieu followed the army toward 
Morely, died at Springfield, Missouri, I'ebru- Springfield, remaining here until November, 
ary 19, 1862; J. Moore; William Newcomb, when Gen. Hunter assumed command of the 
died l'\'bruary 9, 1863. of wounds; J. I\ army, and moved it toward Wilson's Creek, 
Newell. l{lihn Parisli, J. C. Perry; W. L. the scene of Gen. Lyon's famous light. This 
Prose, ])romoted corporal; John Rierdon; (_'. mo\ement of .SigxTs dixisioii was but a ruse 
D. Randolph, promoted cor[)oral ; A. Romine; to co\er the real destination of the .•uin\'. .and 
R. S. Pobinsdii, ])romoted sergeant; John .S. ,,11 ihc i_:;tli it followed the mo\ement of the 
Sargeant, R. W. See. I*',. II. .Slace, W. R. .Sack- main army to Roll;i, where it remained during 
ville, H. .'^tenglil, J. .M. Si<lers; W. L. Sowers, the winter. ( )n l-'ebruary 2. 1862, (ien. Curtis 
died near Ackworth. (ieorgi;i. June 13, i8()4; having .assumed command, the .army ag.ain 
J'eter Sipple, A. J. Thompson; J. C. Vestal, took up its line of march toward Springfield, 
promoted corporal; M. Whittenliorg ; John where the rebel Gen. Price had concentrated 
Wilson, died ;it Cbattanoog.-i November 28, his forces. The Union forces .ag.ain took pes- 



session of tlie city on the I3tla of February, 
witliout serious opposition. Then began an 
exciting race until tlie 20tli, when tlie pursuit 
was aliandoncd. and the troops allowed a few 
days' rest, having- marched four consecutive 
days during the most inclement weather, there 
being six inches of snow on the ground a por- 
tion of the time, and skirmishing with the 
enemv every day during the last week's march. 
Here the armv remained till the 5th of March, 
when it became evident that the combined 
forces of Van Dorn, Price and McCulIough 
were marching to give battle, and accordingly, 
on the 6th, the army moved toward Sugar 
Creek Valley under the command of Curtis, 
Sigel, Davis and Ashboth, and in the after- 
noon of the same day the rear guard was at- 
tacked .and repulsed by the enemy. Thus be- 
gan the battle of Pea Ridge, which resulted 
so disastrouslv U' the rebels, and in which this 
regiment louk a prominent ])art. The army 
remained in this \icinity until the 5th of .'\pril, 
when the marcli was resumed for Forsythe, 
Missouri, and thence to Batesville, Arkansas. 
Early in May the march was again resumed, 
as was supposed for Little Rock, but orders 
were soon received detaching some ten regi- 
ments under orders to proceed to Cape Gir- 
ardeau, on the Mississippi river, some two hun- 
dren miles distant, and from thence to Pitts- 
burg Lanchng, Tennessee, by water, to re-en- 
force the troops then besieging C(M'inth, Mis- 
sissippi. The regiment reached the Landing 
(in the 2r)th of May, and the next day marched 
u]) to within supporting distance of the main 
army, arriving two days previous to the evac- 
uation. After the pursuit of the retreating en- 
emy ceased the Twenty-fifth was ordered to 
Kentucky, where it took part in the memorable 

campaign against Bragg, reaching Perryville 
two days after the fight, thence proceeding to 
Crab Orchard, Bowling Green, and on to 
Nashville. Here the regiment remained until 
the latter ])art of Deceml)er, when the Chat- 
tanooga campaign began, the Twenty-fifth tak- 
ing part in the bloody engagement at Stone 
River. Spent the winter at Murfreesboro, and 
the spring till the latter part of June, 1863, 
when the movement against Chattanooga was 
resumed. The regiment took part in the vari- 
ous battles and skirmishes which led up to 
Chickamauga, in which the Twenty-fifth was 
engaged. Fell back to Chattanooga, where it re- 
mained until the latter part of November. On 
the 25th of this month the regiment took part 
in the desperate charge on Mission Ridge. Im- 
mediately after this battle the regiment took 
]iart in the forced m.arch of one hundred and 
fifty miles to the relief of Knoxville, arriving 
three days after the siege had been raised by 
(jcn. Burnside. From this point the regiment 
mo\ed to Blain's Cross Roads, thence to Dand- 
ridge, Tennessee. From this point the army 
fell back to Knoxville, and from thence to 
Kingston, and later to Cleveland, Tennessee. 
From this point in May, 1864, the Twenty- 
fifth moved out with the army on the Atlanta 
campaign. The regiment participated in most 
of the liattles of this campaign up to the taking 
of Atlanta, when it was mustered out Septem- 
ber 5, 1864. The veterans and recruits of this 
regiment were consolidated in c)ne company, 
designated at Company H of the Twenty-fifth 
Illinois Infantry, which was mustereil out at 
Victoria, Texas, September i, 1865. 


In this regiment Douglas county was rep- 


resented hy Company IJ. The ei.inimissioned tenant; I\(i1)ert Perrv, N. H. C. l\esin, M. 

(iflicers were : Rogers, William Kliinelianlt. f. J'. Roberts, 

John Ross, John Shook, Alelton Sl.anshnry, 

Captains — S. I!. Logan, till Jnly 27, TiSC)4; Lemuel Semmons, James Stinson, 11. .Shnme- 

A. B. Balch, till September 18, 1865; Gilmau held, 1). K. Sluill, h'.lijah Zeigler. 

Noyes. These are the names (jI" those from 1 )onglas 

First Liciitciiiiiits — Johnson White, till county, the bahuue of the eomp;in\- being 

April JI, i8(ij; A. .M. llouston, till Mareh 11, drawn from t.'oles ;mil Cumberl,-uid conulies. 

i8f)3; A. li. lialeh. promoted l'\>bruary 16, The comp.any \\;is leernited in the summer of 

1865; Cjilman \oyes, promoted, but not luus- iSdi, ;nid \\;is assigned ;is Company I! to the 

tered. iMfty-fom'th Regiment, rendezvoused at C;un]) 

Sccdiid IJciilc'iiaiiis — A. At. ITonsfon, pro- 1 'iibois, .\nna, Illinois. This regiment \\;is oi-- 

nioteil, not nuistereil; A. 1'.. I'.alch, July 9, ganized as a p;n1 of the "Kentuckv l'>rig;ide,'" 

1863 ; B. C. Pursell, resigned March 18, 1865: in the formation of which V.. ,Mct_art\-, of 

R. P). McComb, promoted, hut not mustered. I >ouglas county, was so ])niminent. 

The enlisted men were: The regiment w;is mustered into the Uniled 
First Sergeant — James Shrew. States .service February 18, 1862. On the 24th 
Sergeants — R. P. McComb, \L C. Wal- it was ordered to Cairo, Illinois, and on the 
ton, Alex. Rodgers and John Scott. 14th of March mo\ed to Columbus, Kentucky. 
Ctirporals — Levi Jester, G. P. Ross, John Luring the fall of iHl)2 three companies were 
Haley, W. A. (iriflin, William Moore, li. M. stationed at llumbolt, Tennessee, but on the 
Thomp.stni, J. Bennett. 18th of December the regiment was ordered 
AFiisician — I. W. Ross. to J.ackson, Tennessee. Two days later the 
Wagoner — Cosies. I-'i fly- fourth marched to Lexington, l)\it re- 
Frivates — F. M. .\br;uns, Isaac .\lliertz, J. turned on the 2ji\: then marche<l to R.rittoii's 
J'. .Allison; A. B. Balch, ])romote(l second lieu- 1 ane ;ind Toone's .Station, returning to Lex- 
tenant; Walter Bailey, ]•:. R. Bagley, John ington. In the meantime Gen. lA)rrest cap- 
Bear, Simeon Bennett, S. M., Cephas tured the detachvd poilions of the regiment 
Carm;m. Thom;is Denning, George Dehart, stationed on the ;ind destroyed nearly 
l)a\id h'ord, John b'reddle; M. 1'.. (h-o\e, all of tin- iTconls. The bal;mce were 
mustered out as ; J. 1). 1 lein-y, ilied at lost by (he (|narlerm,ister"s dep.artmi'ut in tran- 
Memphis November 10. 18(1;,; W. T. Hughes, sit fiom Columbus to J.ackson. The balance 
James Jackson, I!. 1 ). Jones, Robert L.anghlin. i.f the regiment spent llu' winter and early 
G. W. Lester, G. Loper. J. 1'. Laughlin, L. spring ;it J.ackson, two comp.inies being sta- 
Leslie, G. W. Montgomery, R. N. AUTntyre, tioneil at Medon Sl.ilion. ,nid Iwn :it Toone's. 
Charles McCaren, G. W. Mussett, John Ma- In A|iiil llu' regimeiU ina.le a fruitless expedi- 
lone, (;. W. Miller. Robert Montgomery, Rich- tion to Corinth ;md returned, 
ard Martin, J. S. Osborne, L. Owen, James May _V'. i8(._:i, the iMfty-foiuih left Jackson 
Overman; B. C. Pur.sell, promoted .second lieu- lor Vieksburg, as a part of the 'Jdiird Brigade, 



Second L^ivisicin. Sixtccntli Army Corps, under 
command of tien. Nathan Kimljall as division 
commander, and arrived at Haines' Bluff, on 
the Yazoo River, June 2. The regiment was 
subse(|uently stationed on tlie extreme left of 
Sherman's command on tlie Big P)lack, con- 
fronting Johnston's army, on the Canton road. 
After the fall of Vicksburg, the regiment was 
ordered to Helena, as a part of Gen. Steele's 
ex])edition against Little Rock. Arkansas. The 
expedition reached its destination _ in Septem- 
ber, and the Fifty-fourth was retained until 
the following January, 1864, when three- 
fourths of the regiment re-enlisted. 

The veterans of Company B were: Isaac 
Aliiertz; Henry Barrick, mustered out as first 
sergeant; Joseph Bennett; Cephas Carman; 
William Cheeney; G. A. Dehart; Thomas Den- 
ning; Duncan Fletcher; \Villiam Hughes; 
Thomas Irwin: B. I). Jones; James Jackson; 
Levi Jester, mustered out as sergeant; J. V. 
Lauglilin, mustered out as corjioral ; R. Laugh- 
lin; E. Leslie, mustered out as sergeant; G. \V. 
Lester, mustered out as corporal ; Charles ]\Ic- 
Caren; R. B. McComb, mustered out as ser- 
geant; P. Cornelius, mustered out as corporal; 
William Rhinehart; M. Rogers; I. W. Ross; 
John Scott; E. C. Walton; John Writner. 

Recruit.s — Michael Fitzgerald, Samuel 
Montgomery. Re-enlisted as veteran — C. H. 
Newbanks. Tlie regiment was nuistered out 
February 9, 18(14, ami left for Mattoon. Illi- 
nois, in March, on veteran furlough. 

fust l)efore its return to the field, the regi- 
ment was involved in a most tnifortunate oc- 
currence. There was in Coles county an ele- 
ment which was radically opposed to the war. 
The regiment had been ordered to move, but, 
under advice of some radical unionists its de- 

])arture was delayed a few hours, as the con- 
vening circuit court, it was thought, would 
bring the element opposed to the war out in full 
force. There is no doubt but that these people 
acted "with zeal not according to knowledge," 
and the return of certain portions of the regi- 
ment to the county seat made a conflict with the 
"irreconcilables" inevitaljle. A conflict fol- 
lowed, the "copperhead" faction led by a 
county officer, and certain ])ortions of the regi- 
ment, unarmed but somewhat excited by licpior, 
under the semi-official direction of its officers. 
Riotous action followed, in which Maj. Shul:)al 
York, the surgeon of the regiment, was killed, 
and four privates and Col. G. M. Mitchell were 
wounded. A number of the citizens were 
wduntled. One hour later the main portion of 
the regiment arrived from Mattoon and occu- 
pied the town, arresting some of the opposing 
faction, and wounding several citizens. The 
affair ended with an investigation by the mili- 
tary authorities, wilhout changing results or the 
punishment of anybodv. The affair created 
great excitement in the country around. 

The regiment moved to the front in April ; 
to Cairo on the 12th, to Columbus on the 14th, 
Paducah on the i6th, and arrived at Little Rock 
on the 30tb.. Here the regiment remained until 
May 18, when it moved out to Brownville, and 
thence in pursuit of Gen. Shelby, arriving at 
Little RiKk on the 30th of that month. After 
remaining here until the latter part of June, 
when the Fifty-fourth again went in pursuit 
of Shelby, marching to Duvall's Bluff and 
Clarendon, striking him on the 26th, and after 
a spirited fight returned to Little Rock. Au- 
gust 5 the regiment was assigned to guard six- 
teen miles of the Memphis & Little Rock Rail- 
road, having five stations, with two companies 



at each. On the -'4tli Slielliy made a descent 
upon tliese detachments in detail with ionr 
tliousand men and four pieces of artillery, caj)- 
turing- one station. Si.x companies were con- 
centrated at one station liy Col. Mitchell, and 
maintained a stulihorn resistance for fi\e hom's. 
when, their hay hreastworks being fired hy the 
enemy's shells, the garrison was driven out and 
captured in fragments. The loss of the regi- 
ment in this rii;ht was one lieutenant ami thir- 
teen men killed ;uid thirty-five woundeil. t'om- 
panies V and II. at a distant station, were not 
molested. The cajitured part of the regiment 
were paroled at jacksonport. Arkansas, and 
moved to Benton llarracks, St. Loms, where 
it arrived September <j, 1864. The regiment 
was exchanged December 5, 1864, and was 
mo\ed to Hickory Station, on the Memphis & 
Little Rock Railroad. J.inuary 18, 18^)3, where 
it remained as railroad guard until June 6. 
The I'ifty-fonrlh was then ordered to Line 
I'lhilt. where it remained some twn months. It 
then |)roceeded to l'"(i|-t ."^mith, where it re- 
niained until ( )clober. It was then ordered to 
Little Rock, where it was nuistered out October 
15, 1865; arri\ed at Camp Butler, Illinois, Oc- 
tober 26. and was discharged. DiuMng its ex- 
istence, the l'"ifty-t'ourth Regiment had one 
thousand, three hundred and forty-two en- 
listed men, and seventy-one commissioned of- 


This regiment was mure coni]iletely identi- 
fied with Douglas connty than any other in 
the service, .\mong the liekl ol"ficers were Allen 
Buckner, major, promoted to colonel March 
15, 1863; W. H. Lamb, adjutant; first assistant 

surgeon, Henry C. AIcAllister, promoted sur- 
geon of the Ninety-eighth Illinois Tnf.autry; 
secontl assistant surgeon, Thomas J. Wheeler, 
])romoted surgeon March i, 1865; cha])lain, 
C. C. Bradshaw. I""our companies of the Sev- 
enty-ninth were recruited in Douglas county, 
Companies B, E, G and K. The commissioned 
officers of Company B were : 

Ciipttiiiis — .\rchibald Van Dereu. i)romoted 
major January i, i8()3: H. D. T'itman, till No- 
vember 6, 1864; Peter Creggers, till muster out 
of regiment. 

I'irsI Lii-ulriiaiils — S. L. Woodwortb, till 
I'\'l)ruary 2, 1863; H. D. Pitman, till January 
I, 1863; Peter Greggers, till November 6, 1864; 
T. B. Hammer, j)romoted. but not mustered. 

Second LicutciHiiits — H. W. Rideout, till 
February 10, 1863; Peter Greggers, till Janu- 
ary I. i8r)3; J. B. Hammer, promoted, but not 
mustered. The enlisted men from Douglas 
were : 

I'irsI Scri^i'diil — O. L. Woodward, dietl ;it 
Bowling Green, December _'-. i8f)_'. 

S(-r!:;i'aiils — H. D. Pitman, promoted to first J. B. Hammer, commissioned .sec- 
( nd lieutenant, but not mustered; ICdw-ard Den- 
nis, died in .Vudersonville, July 30, 1864; John 
.Abbott, transferred to \eteran Reserve Corps, 
.\ugust j8, 1863. 

(■<;;•/'< I n;/,v — S. M. Lester. W. .M. I'.eedle. 
M. L. Westfall, .\rcliiba1d l.iiUim, Thomas 
Jester, mustered out as sergeant: L. C. Smith, 
Peter Greggers. i)romote<l second lieutenant. 

Musicians— W. R. Wallace, B. F. Ward. 

U'ui^diicr — G. \V. Stevenson. 

Privates — Lafayette Abbott, died at Louis- 
ville. Kentucky, October 8. 1862; W. A. 
Brown; W. A. Buoy; Henry Banta; Albert 



Castor: J- E. Davis; I. N. Doman, died at Lib- 
erty (iap, Tennessee, June 25, 1863 ; John Dar- 
jahn; Clinton Davis; Milton Davis, died at 
Mnrfreesboro, June i, 1863; Silas Daggy, pro- 
moted to quartermaster sergeant ; Jacob Frahm ; 
John Grant; Peter Gulk, died at Andersonville 
Prison. Tulv 20, 1864; John Goodson; Henry 
Grimm: J. Hibbs; William Hiblis, died at Mnr- 
freesboro, February 9, 1863; Charles Howard; 
Larkin E. Jones, mustered out as corporal ; M. 
James; C. James, mustered out as corporal; 
Benjamin Jester; Solomon Johnson, mustered 
out as corporal ; Peter Kruize; George Kruize, 
nuistered out as corporal ; A. J. Lyght ; H. Lo- 
man; Asa Love, died at Nashville, December 
8, 1862; Thomas Lester, died at Murfreesljoro, 
March 7, 1863; Virgil Lester; John Lewis, 
died at Murfreesboro, February 17, 1863; T. 
J. Lewis; W. D. Martin; C. G. Miller; W. P. 
Miller; Robert McAllister; William Manus; 
Cyrus Muire; G. W. Nelson, died at Nashville, 
December 14. 1862; E. T. Romine; Daniel 
Romine; H. T. Ring; Jasper Roderick; Perry 
Roderick and C. W. Rea. died at Nashville; 
J. R. Rea; C. W. Rose: J. S. Rush, died at 
Louisville. Deceml)er 4. 1862; Samuel Ran- 
dolph, died at Chattanooga. March 6, 1864; 
David and J. M. Randolph; J. H. Randolph, 
died at Chattanooga, June 4, 1864; W. T. Rice, 
killed at Resaca; Allen Rea; G. W. Sharpe; Al- 
bert Siler, nnistered out as corporal; O. T. 
Smith; B. F. Shreves; F. Stally, mustered out 
as corporal ; George Stovall ; Peter Schnack ; 
Hans Schnack; B. F. Terry; J. Veach. died 
at Murfreesboro. March 16, 1863: William 
Vinson; G. C. Wilson; J. C. Wilson; Edward 
\\'ebb; H. J. Wilkins, died at Jeffersonville, 
Indiana, December 18, 1864; James Waller; B. 
F, Wilson; W. B. Watts, died at Murfreesboro, 

January 6, 1863; Rudoliib Yost, killed at Res- 
aca, May 14, 1864. 

Company E. — The commissioned officers of 
this company were : 

Captains — William A. Low, promoted ma- 
jor July 14. 1864; H. S. Albin, promoted 
March 20. 1865, not musteretl. 

first Licii/riiaiits—U. J. Bassett, till No- 
vember 20. 1862; H. S. Albin. till March 20, 
1865; J. C. Perry. 

Second Lieutenants — H. S. Albin, till No- 
vember 20, 1862; H. W. Peters, killed January 
2, 1863; J. C. Perry, till March 20, 1865. En- 
listed men : 

First Sergeant — H. W. Peters, promoted 
second lieutenant. 

Sergeants — J. C. Perr\-, promoted second 
lieutenant: J. G. Hughes, died at Nashville. 
December 19, 1862; \\'. R. Laugbead. mustered 
out as first sergeant; D. H. Howard, dieil in 
Andcrsonx ille [irison, .'August 16, 1864, Grave 
No. 5812. 

Corporals — Anson Skinner, mustered out as 
sergeant : W. T. Potts, John Skinner, mustered 
out as sergeants; Samuel Hawkins, captured 
at Chickamauga : J. Hopkins, died at Nashville; 
Aaron Britton. died in\'i]le prison; 
J. P. Ross. 

Musicians — 1. W. and W. H. Covert. 

'.ragiiner — J. H. Boyce. died at Nash- 

Privates— V,. 11. Adams; W. H. Allison; 
\\'illiam Brockett. killed at Stone River, De- 
cember 31. 1862; O. Brewer: W. R. Ih-owu; 
W. T. Bundy, died at Gallatin, Tennessee, Jan- 
uary 10, 1863; W. Boyce; Thomas Bull, died 
at Danville, Kentucky, January 4, 18^13; P. 
Chezem; H. Catler; Alexander Coslett, died at 



Bowling Green. Novcmher 6, 1862; George 
Crist; A. A. Craft; J. II. Coslctt. died at Nash- 
ville, January 5. 1863 ; P. Cot^n. killed at Stone 
River, December 31, 1862; H. D. Craft; F. 
Dixon; John Durhorow; \^'illianl Dillon, 
killed .-it Stone River, December 31, 1862; E. 
Drake; H. Entler; John Fairbairn; A. E. 
Fullcrton; Isaac Glass, died at Nashville, 
December 9. i8()_>; S. Gillogly. mustered out 
as corporal; Alcx.nidcr Hess; E. Howard and 
Frank Hensely, die<l at Nashville; G. II. Hess, 
mustered out as corporal ; John Hawkins; J. O. 
Harvey: John Harris; R. B. Helm; R. W. 
Harrison; W. H. Jones; B. F. Knipe; W. S. 
Kni])e; Jacob Knii)e; J. H. Lyon; Charles 
Lyon; J. J. Moss; L. Morton; P. Miller; W. P. 
McWilliams; W. Murphy; W. P. McCoo! ; E. 
B. Nell; George I'ettit, killed near Marietta, 
Georgia, July 4. 1864; E. S. Root; G. W. Rit- 
Icr; W. II. Ritter. died in Richmond prison, 
December 5. 1864; M. Reeves: T. W. Stilwell. 
died in Andersonx ille |)ris(in. ( )ctuber _'8. |8C)4; 
F. Sliafer; Joseph Sluile; John Smith; J. 1!. 
Stilhvcll, died at Chatanooga, June _''i, i8()4; 
J. L. Stewart, died at Nashville. July _'4, 1863; 
H. Surber; Henry Stillwell; J. M. Slice; Wil- 
li;ini Skinner, nuistered out as sergeant; D. S. 
Tucker: G. Vanasdel ; .\ .W'ylie; G. Wells; 
J. Whittaker: J. H. Wells, died at Murfrecs- 
boro. May jj, 1803; J. P. Worrell; J. I!. 

RiUriiits — S. T. r.nndiu'.iiit ; |. M. Cogg- 
sliell. mustered out as ciir])iiral; R. T. Ilav\e\', 
mustered out as sergeant; \'. T. Norris, 
wounded at ; William Tmbvville, 
mustered c)Ut as curpdral. 

.CoMP.\NY G. — The conmiissioned officers 
were : 

Caf^fains — 01i\cr O. Bagley, till Novcml)cr 
C:. 1864; A. J. Jones, till muster out of regiment. 

I'irst Lieutenants — M. L. Lininger. till 
November 19, 1862: T. B. Jacobs, till April 
7. 1863; Montraville Reeves, till May 4, 1864; 
A. J. Jones, till promoted November 6, 1864; 
Thomas Meeker, who was prisoner of was at 
the nuister c)ut of the regiment. 

Second Liciileihints — T. B. Jacobs, till i)ro- 
inoted November K). 1862; Albert J. Jones, 
till M.ay 4, 1864. 

The enlisted men were: 

First Sergeant — A. J. Jcnies, piduidted 
second lieutenant. 

Sergeants — -Thomas Meeker. ])ri>moted 
while prisoner of war; llar\-ev tngrim. Jnhu 
Cummings, John Madder. 

Carf^arals — H. C. Jones,, nuistered out ;ts 
sergeant; P>. Jacubs, killed at .Stime l\i\ci'. 
December 31. i8Cj;|".. |. I'.arnett: S. k". Willis; 
A. Higgiiis; John Pall; R. (i. McCiiiurs; j. 
S. Reeves. 

Miisieidus — W. WiidilburN-; II. Ilelkin. 

// 'agduer — Laugbliu , Stew art. 

Pri^vtes — James Paruett: Tliom;is 
don; David Ball, killed at Stoiie River: Allen 
I'.ryaiit: j.Fu P.n.ckett: II. II. Clark; k". 1). 
Clark; A. C. Clark; J;nnes Coslett; Isaac Cos- 
lell: Cl;irk Cazard ; T. A. Clark: .Alexander 
Daw sou, died at X;isli\ille. k\'bru;iry 1. 1863; 
D.aniel I\l. C. Drake, mustered nut ;ts 
ci>rp(ir,il; W. M. Drake, unisteri'd out as cur- 
p(ir,il F. W. I'lastiin: bacdb k"ry. died at Gal- 
l.-iliu, December 15. i8()_': j. P. k'ry; James 
Inirman; W. IF b'niggelt : lieers Guire, died at 
Nashville, y\pril 18, 1864: C. Harlowe; I. 
Henderson; F. A. Holstnii; J.anies H.ariJcr, 
Jr., J. A. Hill; h>hn Ingrini; George Ingrini, 
died at leffersonville, Indiana, December 17, 



1864; Isaac Ingrim, died at Nashville, Decem- 
ber 8, 1862; Herd Ingrim; P. L. Jones; James 
Jacobs, died at Bowling Green, January 18, 
1863; James Kess, died at Galatin, January 
12, 1863; Alexander Lana, died at Gallatin, 
January 15, 1863; J. W. Lett, died at Nash- 
ville, January 11. 1863; J. W. Martin; James 
Munson; James Meek; William McShane; 
T. W. McDowell; E. Osliorn, died in Hart 
county, Kentucky, November 26, 1862; B. F. 
Osborn, died at Annapolis, Maryland, February 
6, 1863; Thos. Robinson; W. H. Rake: N. 
Stephen; S. Sears, died at Nashville; William 
Sites; John Thomason; L. Thomason. died at 
Chatanooga. July 3, 1864; Elisha Tinker; W. 
P. Updike: W. D. West, died at Gallatin. Ten- 
nessee, February 14, 1863; John Willis; S. S. 
Weathers ; John Whirl. 

Recruits — J. S. Osborn, killed at Rocky 
Face Ridge, May 9. 1864: M. Reeves, promoted 
first sergeant and then first lieutenant. 

Company K. — Tlie commissioned t)fticers 
of the company were : 

Captains — H. D. Martin, till July 3. 1863; 
W. W. Davis, till March 6, 1864; W. H. Bas- 
sett. promoted March 6. 1864, but not mus- 

First Lieutenants — W. W. Davis, till July 
3. 1S63 ; W. H. Bassett, till March 6, 1864; W. 
H. Hutchenson. 

Second Licnienanis — Moses Hunter, till 
October 19, 1862: 1. P. C. Taylor, till June 6. 
1863; W. H. Bassett, till July 3, 1863; W. H. 

The enlisted men from Douglas county 

First Sergeant — I. P. C. Taylor, promoted 
second lieutenant. 

Sergeants — \\'. H. Hutchenson, promoted 
first sergeant, then first lieutenant : D. C. 
Hutciiinson: J. Douner; G. W. Allen, pro- 
moted sergeant major. 

Corporals — H. C. Waller, died at Nash- 
viiJe, December 3, 1864; R. Walch; C. Royrk; 
C. Brawnch, i)romoted sergeant and died in 
Andersonville prison, June i, 1864, number of 
g'Mve 1619; Lewis Zeller. 

Wagoner — A. P. Reeves, died near Ste- 
phenson, Alabama, October 21. 1863. 

Privates — N. Aldrid, died in Danville, 
Virginia, January 22, 1864, while prisoner of 
war; Joseph Brand, died at Nashville, January 
4. 1863; W. H. Bassett, promoted first ser- 
geant, then first lieutenant; John Beedle; 
Samuel Chauney, died at Andersonville prison, 
October 6, 1864, numlier of grave, 10459; 
John Chauney; William Chandler, died at 
Nashville, December 21, 1862; John Fliss; 
Stephen Eliss, died at Annapolis, Maryland, 
February 15, 1863; Pin'lip Eaton, died in Dan- 
ville, Kentucky, October 20, 1862: Jesse Ea- 
vins: Edward Franklin; Barton Fallin, died at 
Tullahoma, Tennessee, July 5, 1863; James 
Fallin ; Andrew Hayes ; Eli How ; John Hun- 
ter, died near Murfreesboro: Henry C. Jones; 
Felix Lardenois: James Loyd, died at Mur- 
freesboro, July I, 1863; J. H. Lett; J. N. 
Louthan, mustered out as sergeant: (i. W. 
Maxon. mustered out as corporal: Thomas 
McConley, promoted corporal, died in Jeffer- 
son liarracks, December 22, J864: Hugh Mc- 
Kinney, promoted corporal ; Thomas Morri- 
son; John Monien; Elihu Monsell ; George 
Near: Israel Price: Lewis Pfifer: Levi Rem- 
niel ; S. T. Renmiel ; Jacob Remmel: John 
Row; James Riley; Jawes Standafer, died 
at Nashville, March 31, 1863; D. E. Shull; S. 



Simmons, died at Xaslivilie, November ,^o, 
1862; \V. B. Templeton; G. Waldmf, died at 
Chattanooga, June 24. i8()4; W. II. Wright; 
E. G. S. Wright ; All)ert Wood, died at Nash- 
viUc, l)eceni1)er 28, 1862; Henry Wood, cUed 
al Danville, Virginia, Feljruary 1, 1864, while 
a prisoner of \v;ir ; J. V. West, died at Nash- 
ville, iMay 7, i^'>J,\ Alexander West; Henry 

Ri-cntils — Martin Minniet; Leonard C. 
Taylor, mustered out as sergeant. 

The Seventy-ninth Illinois Inf.antry was 
organized at M;ttloon, Illinois, in August, 
iXf)2, hy t_'ol. Lyman (iuinnip. ;ind was mus- 
tered into the I'nited States service August 
22, i8r)_>. (_)n .Sei)teml)er 12, the regiment 
moved under orders to Louisville, Kentucky, 
where it was assigned the Third ih-igadc of 
Craft's division of the army of Kentucky. On 
the 29th it was transferred to the Fourth Bri- 
gade of the Second Division, October i. 1862, 
the .Seventv-ninth commenced the march 
through Kentucky with the army. .\t I'rank- 
fort it was tran>ferred to the ]'"iflh iSrigade. 
The regiment reached Lerryville, Kentucky, ijn 
October (). and continued its march thence to 
C"rab ( )rchanl, Lebanon, IViwling Creen and 
Nasluille, Tennessee, rciching the latter i)lace 
on the jlh of November. ( )clober 17, Col. 
(iuinnip resigning, Lieut. Col. S. 1'. Reed w;is 
])romoted colonel. Mere the regiment re- 
m;iincd until Deccmlier, when it moved out with 
the armv toward Murfreesboro, .and on the 31st 
engagetl in the l)attle of Stone River. Col. 
Reed was killed early in the action, and the 
Command devolved u])on M;ij. I'.uckner. The 
Se\-enty-ninth was engaged until the 4th of 
January. 1863, losing one officer killed, three 
wounded and three missing; twenty-three men 

killed, si.xty-eight wounded, and one hundred 
and twenty-one missing. During the winter 
the regiment remained at Murfreesboro. ;mil 
were assigned to the Second Brigade, Second 
Division, Twentieth Army Corps, .\pril 25, 
1863, Maj. Buckner was promoted to colonel. 
June 24, 1863, the regiment move to Lil)- 
erty Gap, and on the following day engaged 
the enemy, losing Capt. John I'atton, killetl; 
Capt. H. D. Martin, mortally wounded; Capt. 
Lacey and Lieuts. I'onlke, Jones and King, 
wounded; five men killed and thirty-six 
wounded. The division then moved to Tul- 
lahoma, and on the lOth of crossed 
the Cumberland Mountains, the Tennessee 
river, Sand Mountain, Lookout Mountain, and 
went into the battle of Chickamauga, in which 
the regiment was engaged during the 19th and 
20th of Septem^jer. Its loss in this light w;is 
seven officers missing, four men killed, thir- 
teen wounded and ninety-seven nfissing. I )n 
the evening of the 20th the Seventy-ninth fell 
back to L'hattanooga with the army. While 
here, the regiment was rc-a.ssigned, being 
placed to the Third Brigade (Col. C. (i. Ilar- 
ker's). Second Division, (ien. 
l'"om1h Ai-mv Cor])s, comm.anded by ( ien. 
Cr.inger. When the Army of the CumberLand 
broke fiMm its i)rison at Ch;Ut;mooga .and 
.assailed I'r.agg in his monnt.ain fastness, the 
.Seventv ninth active i)art in the engage- 
menls that followed on the J_](\. 24th ,and 23th 
of November, and on the 25th stormed Mission 
Ridge, capturing two jjieccs of artillery. On 
the 27th, the regiment accomi).anied the l-'ourth 
Corjis in that famous march to Kuo.wille. Ten- 
nessee, going, however, to lll.ain's t.'ross-roads, 
and remaining there till January 15, 1864, 
when it advancetl to Dandridge, but fell back 



two clays later to Knoxville. The Second 
Division being ordered to Loudon, the Seven- 
ty-ninth went to Sweetwater, forty-two miles 
south of Knoxville, on the railroad, where it 
remained during the larger part of the spring, 
moving to Cleveland in the latter part of April. 
On the opening of the Atlanta campaign, 
the regiment moved forward with Gen. New- 
ton in command of the division, and Gen. How- 
ard in command of the corps. The movement 
l)egan May 3, 1864, and on the 9th the regiment 
took part in its first engagement of the cam- 
paign at R(jcky Face Ridge; then followed a 
series of heavy engagements, at Resaca, May 
13 and 14; Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, June 
27; Peach Tree Creek, July 20; Atlanta, July 
22, 27, and August 3 ; Jonesboro, Septemljer i , 
and Love joy on the 2d of September. The 
losses of the regiment in this campaign were 
four officers wounded, six enlisted men kdled 
and fifty-three wounded. In the latter part of 
September, the corps was ordered back to Chat- 
tanooga under the command of Gen. Stanley. 
The Seventy-ninth moved to Bridgeport, 
Alabama, and remained there till October 19, 
when it returned to Chattanooga. While here 
it made an expedition to Alpine Pass and re- 
turned, and then moved to Pulaski, Tennes- 
see. Held that position until November 22, 
when it commenced to fall back to Nashville 
with the army. At Franklin, the Seventy- 
ninth was engaged four hours, losing three 
officers and eighty men killed, wounded and 
captured, out of two hundred and ten veteran 
troops. That night fell back to Nashville, 
where, on the 29th, Pat Cleborne's division 
attacked the brigade and drove it into the city. 
On the 15th and i6th of December, the battle 
of Nashville occurred, in which the Seventy- 

ninth took an active part, and joined in the 
subsequent pursuit as far as the Tennessee 
river. The Third Brigade was then sent to 
Decatur, Alabama, arriving there January 6, 
1865. March 30, the brigade moved to Bull's 
Gap by rail, sixty miles east of Knoxville, 
Tennessee, where it remained until April 22, 
and then went to Nashville. Here the Seventy- 
ninth was stationed until it was musterd out 
June 12, 1865. It subsequently arrived at 
Camp Butler, Illinois, June 15, and June 23 re- 
ceived final pay and discharge. In April, 1S64, 
the county court ordered a regimental Hag, 
which was presented to the regiment. 


This regiment was organized at Mattoon, 
and mustered into the one hundred-days' service 
June 6, 1864. Of this regiment Company G 
was recruited in Douglas county. The com- 
missioned officers were: Derrick Lamb, cap- 
tain; James Easton, first lieutenant; J. T. 
Switzer, second lieutenant. The enlisted men 
from Douglas county were : 

First Sergeant — J. H. I'errine. 

Sergeants — Charles Skinner, died at Jef- 
ferson City, Missouri, July 7, 1864; J. Z. Lin- 
ton; P. Kinder, O. Adams. 

Corporals — William Bays, promoted ser- 
geant; I. Watkins, Charles Dickens, A. Flem- 
ing, D. Jenkins, B. McAllister, T. J. Bagley. 
Charles Balen. 

Musicians — Austin Bishop; John Crowley. 

IVagoncr — Thomas Donnelly. 

Privates — I. Allison; Erastus Badler; W. 
II. Bard; A. C. Bragg; F. M. and Alexander 
Bragg; P. Burton; S. Bye; B. F. Barkley; C. 


H. Balch, died at Benton Barracks, June 29, mustered out as first sergeant; T. J. Bagley; 

1864; J. Bogard; B. Bogard: L. IXaniel; C. Martin l^.radford. 

Dragoo; C. M. Donica, promoted corporal: J. Corporals — J. W. I\(iln-l)augh ; I. II. Wat- 
Dale; J. R. JCrland ; W. H. H. luistim; II. M. kins; E. K. Tli(>m])son, mustered out as ser- 
Franz, died at Benton liarracks June 23, 1864; geant ; L. Oslinrn: 11. I'". Ilarklev; I'",. Ilrewer; 
G. Ford; J. Garrett; William Calls: (1. W. A. A. Thomas. 

Goodson, promoted corporal: J. R. Hull; Musicians — .\. .V. Kertz ; S. I'.rewer. 

Thomas Haskell: N. Holden; N. Howard: E. ll'agoiicr — Richard l)a\is, killed hy rail- 

C. Holiday: J. Kennedy: E. Lay: .\. Long; mad accident, near Chattanooga, I'"chrnary _'6, 

J. R. Leslie; A. Moore; J. N. McKinney; J.' 1SO5. 

N. Mosharger; F. M. Maddo.x, died in Jeffer- I'riratrs — \\'illi;un llavs, promoted to sec- 
son City. Mis.souri, August 4, 1864; C. H. Mil- ond lieutenant: \.. 1 I. Ihcwer; J. iiartlclt, nnis- 
ler: j. D. McDowell; Kewton McAughy: J. tcrcd out as corporal: R. Bradford; R. M. 
1>. I'eacock: J. IVtcrs: J. S. I'rose: I'". I'nckctt; T.rcwer; (;. W. Ihishy; Hi.arles ISoulen: J. 

I. .S. Reeder; J. .\. Richman : j. II. .Snnth; L. Baugh : I). T. Corhin : l\ M. Ch.imhers; G. 
William Scott; A. 11. Sluss: J. W. Tignor; C. \\\ Chase; James Davidson; R. A. Duane; 

II. Wetsell; 1'. Wildman: Alhert \\'ddni;m; Charles Dragoo; William Ennis; D. Fid- 
\V. II. Walters: 1, X. Wells: S. I',. Williams; dler; J. S. Fiddler, mustered out as 
C. B. Wells; W. H. Wells. corporal: W. J. Fid.ller; J. O. Foss, mus- 

This regiment was assigned to post duty at tered out as sergeant; William (iilkerson; 
JelTersou City, Missoiu'i, a point they reached William Ilittshew; H. Howell; W. |. 1'. Hope- 
hy way of St. Louis, soon al"ter heing nnistered well; N. N. Howard: J. T. Hicks: |. II. Ilen- 
into the service. Creenhury Wright, of Tus- dersou: j. R. Leslie: fi. L. Lin.sey; |ohn I.anih; 
cola, was the first m.ajor and aftei"\\ard lieuten- Derrick' L.amh. pronioteil ca]>tain: |. N. Me- 
ant Colonel of the regiment. The regiment Kinney: .\. Moore: W. T. Miller; James Na- 
was ordered home, and mustered out on Se]>- ])hew, died :d Cleveland, Tennessee, March 10, 
temher _>S, 1804. i8f)5: I). I',. ( )\crm;iii, died at Nashville. Jan- 
uary _'7. i8(i(): J. T. I'hilli])s: Willi.-im I'oor; 
ONK iiUNDRKi) .\Ni) I- 1 FTV- N I N Ti I I I.I.I .\r )is > • S. Rccdcr ; .\lex Ridcuour ; j . Skiimcr : Wil- 
INFWIKV '''"" •'^'■"'C J. Tnrryville; M. Wilson; II. II. 

Wright: W. II. Waters. 

()t this regiment Com])any I" wris recruited 'I'hc ( )ne llnndrcd .and I'ortv-ninlli Reg- 

in Douglas county. The commissioiu-d of- iment was organized .at C.anip Ihitler, Illinois, 

ficers were: Derrick Lamh. ca])lain: I). (',. on h"cl)ruar\- m, 1X05. hy {',,]. William C. 

I'ddridge. first lieutenant: William liays. sec- Kneffner, ,and mustered in for one years' .ser- 

ond lieutenant. hailistcd men of I)(juglas vice. ( )n the T4lh, the regiment moved under 

county were : orders for Nashville and thence to Chattanooga. 

First Scri^raiil — S. R. Cox. Here it was assigned hy Cen. to 

Si'ri^canls — W. h". liargcr, J. 1'. Hancock, duty, guarding railroads. 



On May i it was assigned to. Col. Felix, 
Prince Salni's brigade, the Second Separate 
Division, Army of the Cumberland, and on 
the fiilJDwing day moved to Dalton, Georgia. 
Here the regiment remained until July 6, when 
it was ordered to Atlanta. On the 26th, being 
assigned to duty in the fourth district of Alla- 
toona, it was put on guard duty in that dis- 
trict. It was subsequently ordered to Dalton, 
where the regiment was mustered out January 
27, 1866, and ordered to Springfield, Illinois, 
for final payment and discharge. 


This regiment was composed of only eight 
companies, one of which. Company G, was 
recruited principally from Douglas county. 
The commissioned officers were : 

Captain — Charles H. Roland. 

First Lieutenants — Albert Erskin, promot- 
ed captain of Company E; James G. Kearney, 
only officer from Douglas county, from August 
10, 1862. 

Second Lieutenants — \Villi:mi K. Trabue, 
till August 9, 1862; Forrest D. Spincer, till 
mustered out of the regiment. 

The enlisted men from the county were : 

First Ser^^eant — J. G. Kearney, promoted 
first lieutenant. 

Sergeants — G. F. Green; \V. H. Flint. 

Corporals — O. E. Vandeventer, \V. J. 

Buglers — N. R. Gruelle. 

Farrier — Henry Campbell, mustered out 
as sergeant. 

Privates — A. Burton; George Boyer; M. 
Cavanaugh ; Elijah Carr, died at Ironton, 
Missouri, Ai)ril 12, 1862; F. Cunningham; \V. 

J. Churls ; F. Collum ; F. O. Easton ; L. Fetters ; 
R. C. Grissom; Gilbert Green; John Keneas; 
Elizer Lathrop; J. T. Maynor; J. Mos- 
barger, died at Helena, Arkansas, August 
30, 1862; Ezekiel Miller, died at St. Louis. 
Missouri, March ig, 1862; John Mack; L. 
McAllister; M. G. Neff, died at Ironton, 
Missouri, May, 1862; E. Poul; I. S. Reeder; 
N. Roland; John Shule; J. N. Tannihill ; S. 
Waldrop; L. Wilkins; W. H. Wright; A. H. 
Wildman; William Woodhall ; J. Whitlock; 
Macey Whitlock, died at Ironton, Missouri, 
April 30, 1862. There were some from Doug- 
las county transferred to other companies; of 
these in Company H, were G. W. Austin ; John 
Brighton; Henry Campbell; Robert Davis; C. 
H. Jones; Henry Littlefield ; Ira Magnor; M. 
Stewart; George Thebedient; William Taylor; 
S. Walthrop; Samuel Winan. 

The Thirteenth Illinois Cavalry Regiment 
was organized at Camp Douglas, Illinois, in 
December, 1861, by Col. J. W. Bell. The reg- 
iment was moved to Benton I'arracks, St. 
Louis, where it was armed and ccjuipped, and 
in February, 1862, moved to the field. Until 
June I it was on duty in southeast Missouri, 
where it joined Gen. Curtis' army, at Jackson- 
port, Arkansas. With Gen. Curtis, the Thir- 
teenth moved through Arkansas, taking part in 
the .skirmishes of the campaign to Helena, 
Arkansas. In the fall of i8r)2 it returned with 
Gen. Curtis to Missouri, and was engaged with 
General Davidson, in the campaign of south- 
west Missouri and northwest Arkansas, driv- 
ing Marmaduke and his command out of the 
state. On May 20, 1863, in accordance with 
orders from headquarters Department of Mis- 
souri, the Thirteenth was consolidated; the 
eight companies being formed into three, Maj. 


L. T,ii)])ert heiiii^- retained in coniniaiul of the A list 1 if battles and skirmishes in which tlie 

Iiattalicm. I'>\- tlie same (irder C"ol. I'.eU, Lieut, regiment was engaged is as follows : I'itman's 

(ol. llartman and Maj. Charles I'.eU were Ferry, Arkansas, July 20, 1862 ; Cotton Plant, 

mustered out of the service. Arkansas, July 25, 1862; Union City, Mi.s- 

In the following July the hatlalion moved .souri, August jj, 1862; Cam]) I'illow, Mis- 

with Gen. Davidson's cavalry division into Ar- som-i, August 2(j, i8()_>; Bloomlleld, Ali.ssouri, 

kansas, taking part in the battles of llrowns- Sejitemher 13, 18O2; Van Huren, Missouri, 

ville, August 24 and 25; I'.ayou Metre, 27 and 17. .1863: Lleven Point River, Missouri, 

28; Austin. August 31. and again at liayou March j(>, i8C)_:;; Jackson, Missouri, .Xpril 

.Metre, Septeml)er 4. The Thirteenth w-as the 22, 1863: White River, Missouri, April 

lirst organization to enter Little Rock, on its 23, 1863; Ijloomlield (J), Missouri, ,\])ril 24, 

capture, September 10, 1863, and was engaged 1863; Union City and Chalk Bluff, Missintri, 

in the pursuit of Price, to Red River. In the April 25, 1863; Bushy Creek, Misscntri, May 

.spring of 1864 the battalion accompanied (ien. 31, 1863; near Helena, .Arkansas, .August 8, 

Steele in the expedition to Canulen, taking a 1803; (Irand Pr;iirie antl White River, .Ar- 

l)roniinent part in the actions at .\rkadclphia, kansas, August 24 and 25, 1863; Bayou Metre, 

Okoloma, Little Mis.souri Ri\er, Prairie du Arkansas, .\ugust 17, 1863; Brownsville, .\r- 

-\nne, Camden and jeiikin's l'\'rry, during the kansas, August 16, 1863; Deadiuan's Lake, 

month of April. After returnitig to Little, .August 2- and 28, 1863; .\ustin, 

Rock, the battalion was engagetl in many raids Arkansas, .\ugust 31, 18O3; Ba_\ou .Metre 

and scouts, and in skirmishing with the forces (2d), .Arkatisas, September 4, 1863; Little 

of Shelby and Marmaduke, defeating them at Rock, .\rkansas, September to, 1863; Benton, 

Clarendon and Pine ISlutT. In tiie suiumer of Arkansas, .Sc])teniber 11, 1863; Batesville, .Ar- 

1864 the battalion was stationed at I'ine Bluff, kansas. ( )ctober 22, 18O3: Pine T.luff..\rkanas, 

in Col. Clayton's brigade, and engagetl in i\o\'ember jH. 1803; .Xrkadelidiia, .\rkansas, 

scouting and ])icketing. ( )n the 25th of Jan- April 2, i8')4; Okoloma, .Arkansas, .\pril 3, 

nary, i8C)5, the cavalry di\-ision ha\ing I)een 1864; Little Missouri Ri\er, Arkansas, April 

discontinued, the Thii'tei'nth was assigned to 4. i8()4; Praii'ie du .\nne, Arkansas, .\pril m, 

duty at the jiosl of Pine Pluff. In .\pril, 11 and 12, i8()4 ; Camden, Arkansas, April 15, 

detachments were sent to lake ])ossessi<in of 18^)4; Jenkins' h'erry, .Arkansas, .\pril 30, 

Mouticello, Camden and Wa>hingtou, leaving 18^)4; Cross Ri.iads, .\rkansas. Se|)teinber 1 r, 

the headquarters ;U Pine Pluff. .\ugust 31, i8()4; Mount l''.lb;i, .\rkansas, ( )clober 18, 

i8(')5, the regiment was mustered out, ;ui(l t8f)4; Douglas Landing, .Arkansas, l'"ebruary 

received final ])ay and discharge at Springfield, 22. 1805; iMonlicello, Arkansas, March 28, 

Illinois, Se])tember 13. 1865. The Thirteenth 1865. 

Ca\-alry Regiment's aggreg;ite strength during' Douglas county was represented in other 

its organization was i.75<) men. the battalion organizations in the army, liut concerning 

having been consolidated with a newly-formed whom there is no reliable information. To 

but incomplete regiment in the spring of 1864. notice the e.special achievements of the volun- 


teers from tliis county would be a pleasant luit this shall sliuw that Douglas county was not 

an impossible work. Even to note the indi- wanting in patrotisni and sacrificing- devotion 

vidiial experiences of companies formed in the when demanded Ijy the nation's peril, the ob- 

county has l^een found impracticable. A brief ject of the foregoing ])ages will have been 

sketch of the regiments of which they formed reached, 
a part is all that can be attemiited, and if 


TowiSHiFS IS iifloiiiis coysTy. 



CAMAKCo TowNsiiu". raising. Tiiis hmise was fm- a liiiig time tlie 

Iicaclquaiicrs for eiections and military nuis- 

Caniargo tdwnshi]) cnjnys the iKinnr of (crs. 

licing the earhest scttk-d pcirticm ni Douglas There was a small tribe nl Imlians campeil 

eoinitv, the first eomcrs df whom we lia\t' any al llridge])! Tt, nnw llugn I'. ()., section u. 15, 

acconnl hax'ing arrived in iSj<). The townslii]) (). which was a trading i)oint with them, and 

tlerivcs its name from the city nf Caniargo in a store or trading post was ke])t by (iodfrey 

Mexico, and was suggested bv C<>\. AfcCown. N'esser. a i'"renehman, or perhaps \ esser & 

The first house built in I )(inglas cimnty is yet linlborv. 

standing on section _^_^. 1'). (), on the lies land, Jd'hi llamniet and his sons, W'm. .S. and 
west of the railroad bridge at Caniargo and |as. R., ru'rived in November, rK_^o. The lam- 
north of the track. Jt was raised in t8_'() by ily lived in a tent the lirst winter ;nid were 
John A. Richman, the father of John Richman \isited by large numbers of Indians who 
of our day, and well au<l f.amili.'n'ls' known a^ would call and sit around the fire. M'hcir gen- 
"Cncle jack." John A. Richman lived |o be I'lal conduct was sih'Iv as to leave the im])res- 
o\ er eightw ;uid e\ en at thai ;ige would hardb' siou that the\' were honest, and allhough the 
deign to ride a horse, but wnuld gird himstdf f.amily of the 1 lammets was at iheir mercy, 
with knife and tomahawk, .■lud with gun on nr)tbing was stolen, and tlaw had no lears for 
shoulder would '"step o\er" to the ( )kaw tim- their personal s;ifet\'. Ilowewr one or two 
her, tweh'e or fifteen miles 1);ick. .IS coi illy ;is a b;iHles with Indians from the upper Embar- 
m;ni of the ])resenl day would walk ;i mile. .Mr. rass are s])oken of as h.nving occurred, TXr5- 
Richnian came from \\ e>t \ irgiin.a in the \ear iSiS; one with go\erinncnt sni'veyors, near 
mentioned — some say, howe\er, \f>2~ — and the creek in Coles county. John 1 lammet and 
Jolm Richman, then a lad, made a hand at the I larrison Gill, of Kentucky, were the first land 



(nvners in tlic area of the county, after the 
government, liaving entered land on the same 
day. Mr. Hammet took several hundred acres 
north of Camargo village, and Mr. Gill enter- 
ing two hundred and forty acres in section 35, 
cast of Gamargo. The i)atents for these first 
entered lands were signed 1)y Andrew Jackson, 
in March, 1830. .Samuel ;\shmore entere<l part 
of section 36, 15. 10, in 1830 also. Mr. Gill 
caiue from Kentuckv on liorseliack and in com- 
pany with his uncle Rohert visited the Indians 
at Hugo. 

Jas. T\. Hammet was active in the interests 
of the new countv of Douglas and also in those 
of the east and west railroad, of which he was 
one of the incorporators and a director for 
fomieen years. G. \\^ Henson, Charles Brew- 
er, Jolin Brown, Martin Rice, John D. Mur- 
doch, Alexander Bragg and the Watsons were 
also of the 'first arrivals. C. Brewer came in 
1855. John Brown, who arrived in 1838, was 
elected associate justice of the county of Doug- 
las in 1S65. Mr. Rice came in 1S49, ^1"^ ^^''is a 
resident of what is now Douglas county after 
1853. He actively assisted in the movement of 
the new county, and was a memher of the first 
political convention held in it, in the second year 
after township organization. John D. Murdeck 
was elected associate justice of Douglas county, 
was a member of the first county board in 1859, 
and re-elected in 1861. Coleman Bright, a 
natix'e of A^irgini;i, c;nne froiu Indiana to Ca- 
margo in .\ugusl, 1850, and was the .senior 
memher of the hrni of 15right & Jones, of Ca- 
margo and Tuscola. Alexander Bragg came 
to the state in 1835, and served in the Mexi- 
can war, 1846. \y. D. Watson, of this town- 
ship, was in the state senate at the time of form- 
ing the county. Geo. W. Henson arrived in 

1844. H. L. Thornsbrnc of this township, 
was born within the area of the county — 1830. 

The original part of the village of Camargo 
was laid off in November, 1836, by Isaac Moss, 
Jos. Fowler, surveyor, and was called New 
Salem. When Moss' addition was made it was j 
called New Albany, after which it received its 
])resent name. It is the most ancient village 
in the comity, and in the long years pending the 
advent of the I. & I. C. Railway w as considered 
"finished." It was the place of residence of 
many of the most successful business men of 
the county. The first county court of Doug- « 
las county was held here '"under dispensation," 
pending the selection of a county seat. The j 
town proper composes an area of about eighty 
acres, lying on the left bank of the Embarrass 
r"i\er anil upon the line of ihe I. 1). & W . Rail- 

The Methodists and Christians have each a 
church, the former being a fine brick building 
costing five thousand dollars. 

Camargo Lodge, No. 440, A. F. & A. M., 
was instituted October 18, 1865. The charter 
members were : Jas. T. Orr, A. Salisbury, 
R. E. Carmack, .\. K. P. Townsend, Geo. C. 
Gill, Martin Rice, W. C. Campbell, R. C. Pat- 
terson, J. T. Helm, J. R. Henderson, H. G. 
Russell. The first officers were : Jas. T. Orr, 
worshipful master; Geo. C. Gill, secretary; R. 
E. Carmack, treasurer. A commodious lodge 
room was dedicated Octol)er 2, 1875 ; the Royal 
.'\rch Chapter was instituted U. D. Novemlier 
9, the same year. The institution of the lodge 
was assisted l)y Tuscola Masons in 1865, who 
came out "by land" for the purpose, the rail- 
road having not yet appeared. 

The township took stock in the I. D. & \\'. 
Railway to the amount of fifteen thousand dol- 


lars. payable in hnirlcen rears, witli ten ])er clerk in X<i\enil)er, i86(;, serving' one term nf 

cent, interest. The taxes ])ai(l by the I'Dad nia- fi>nr years. 

terially reduce the interest. Tiiiihcr. — ()ne third i>t the area of the 

The area of the township is I'll'ty-six sections townshij) is within the uri^'inal timber limit, 

of land or about ec|nal to sixty and onedialf which .i^rew adjacent Id the ri\-er, as is usual 

s(|uare miles, some of the sections having over here. Many fine tracts of tiiul)er yet remain, 

one thousand acres. The township contains Tlood timbei" was held as lui^h as sc\- 

thirty-eight thousand, seven hundred and si.xty- enty li\e dollars per acre, and tift\ dollars \\;is 

nine acres. a common price; it was used, after hnilding- 

'i'lie notable hi.t;li-li;mded and desperate ri>l)- \\ith it. and for ;i loiiii;' time, almost e\clusi\ely 

bery of W'm. S. Hammet and his household oc- foi- fticl first, and then fenciniL;'. As the country 

curred on the night of June S, 1S70. The fam- grew older saw nulls were introduced and na- 

il\' had retired. .Mr. llammet was aroused Iiy ti\e boards ajipeared: but since the nufitipli- 

a knock at the door, and n])on opening it was catiou ot railroads leading to the easy trans- 

instantly seized by two armed and masked men, portatiou of foreign fencing and coal, timber 

who demanded silence and money. Tie was land has dejireciated, until good prairie is f,ar 

unarmed and ])artly unclothed, taken by sur- more \-aluable. Some large farmers use foi-ci;ni 

l)rise, with a loaded ])istol pointing directly at planks, or hedges, for fencing, and bium co;il 

and close to his heart, which nnght at any in- exclusixely, many of tlieni having not an acre 

stant ha\'e been discharged bv the trembling ot timber. 

hand of his guard, and after carefully weighing Ratlraads. — The 1. 1). iS; W . l\.iih-o;id 
the chances concluded to siu'render, a prudence crosses this townshi]) in an east and west ili- 
that is commended b\- men of bi-;i\er\'. He rection. confing in on the west side and 
was held strictly under gu.ard until the villains near the middle of section _:;_'. townshi]) 10. 
had obtained watches and ii'welrv to the range <), and runs upon a straight line until 
amount of two hundred and lifts- dollars and a shortly after passing the \illage of Camargo, 
little mone}". The}' had taken care to fasten in section 33, where it dellects to the south 
the door of a room occupied by some work about twelve rods, and continues at that dis- 
bands, rmd, ha\'ing accomplished their ]iuri)ose tancc from the middle line of the section till 
with dispatch, ixdeased Mr. llammet and dis- it le;i\es the comity. It has a substantial 
a|)peareil with great baste in the darkness. bridgi'. one hundieil and lhirt\' leet long. 

The town ot .W'w T.oston was laid oiU li\- on the west side of the \illage at the crossing 

Mtd)owell on section 35, i(>. <). in .\'o\ember, of the l''.mbarrass i'i\er, which resistetl the ice- 

1X37, and vac;ited b'ebrnary. 1S45. I'ar- How of the winter of oSSj, whilst the wagon 

menas Watson was made sherilT in Xo\em- bridge, out' hundred and fifty feet north of it, 

l)er, T8t)0, and S. S. li'win was superintendent ga\e way. 

of schools from the fall of iSOi, serx'ing two The townshi]) took stock in the railroad 

years. Dr. f<.)hn C. Parcel was elected county inu'er its t'ormer name, l.X; I. C_"., to the amcjunt 



of fifteen thousand dollars, payable in fourteen 
years, with ten per cent, interest, and the bonds 
were refunded in June, iS8o, being placed with 
Preston, Kean & Co., of Chicago, at si.x per 
cent, interest, which transaction was negoti- 
ated bv Charles C. hA-khart, l'-S(|.. nf Tuscola. 


Creation and development. —The original 
town of Camargo was laid off in November, 
1836. by Isaac Moss, being surveyed by Joseph 
Fowler, and was callecl New Salem. Mr. Moss 
made an addition in T840; the name was then 
changed to New Albany, the voting precinct 
being known by the name of Albany, and 
finally, when, upon the suggestion of J. ?). Mc- 
Cowu. the name of the precinct was changed 
to Camargo, the village accepted the same 
name. It is the most ancient village in the 
county, antedating Tuscola, Areola and New- 
man, and even the time-honored Bourbon, 
which was laid off in 1853, Camargo, with her 
1836 record, leading Bourbon by seventeen 
years. This village in the long years preceding 
the advent of the east- and west railroad lan- 
guished and was long considered finished; the 
final completion of the road, however, gave it 
somewhat of an impetus, that may end in'some 
distinction, it being the i)lace of residence of 
some of the leading men of (he county and the 
starting point of several of its most successlul 
business men. 

Struggle for county seat. — The \iHage of 
Camargo, from its central position, had claims 
•fo the honor of being the county seat, which 
were strongly advocated, and which could not 
very well be ignored. She had no railroad, 

but everybody said she would have one at no 
(listant day, the I. & T. C. having been chartered 
in 1852, and the route through the village se- 
lectetl and staked out. and further encouraged 
by the almost annual appearance of engineer 
corps along the line through which, amongst 
other things, the interest was kept up. Pend- 
ing the selection of a shiretown, Camargo was 
made county seat pro tem. The election returns 
of the county seat contest were stored at the 
place, and rumor hath it that interested parties, 
olitaining access to the tickets, procured a set of 
scales, and upon ascertaining the "weight" of 
each package of votes, took special care that 
their favorite ])oint should have superior heft. 
The first meeting of the county court, ])resided 
oxer ])\- James lowing, of Areola, as judge, and 
John D. Murdoch and Robert Hopkins, as asso- 
ciates. John Chandler, clerk, a special term was 
held April 28, 1859. u])-stairs over Coleman 
l>right's store, and here it was ordered, amongst 
other things, that a special election be held May 
30, 1859. as between Tuscola and Areola, wdiich 
rival towns, whose vote had not been considered 
in the first canvass, were found to embrace the 
choice of the people, upon which occasion Tus- 
cola won. 

Ancient prairie travel. — The new officers all 
met here to get their commissions. The county 
was almost co\-ered with water, and the Cfiunty 
sur\'e_\'or, being a small man. was mounted upon 
a horse about sixteen hands high, and sent from 
fxiurbon to Camargo "by way of Areola," at 
w hich ])lace the owner of the horse had a mes- 
sage to deliver, and told the surveyor it was "on 
the way," so it was — the way he went; he did 
not know any better. As there were no prairie 
fences, or roads, he went straight from Bour- 


Ijon to Areola and straight from Areola to Ca- ty. Maiden Jones, who came in 1840, was 

margo. across the prairie, with a general direc- sheriff of Coles cdunty wiien Douglas county 

tion from his advisors, at Areola, to kee]) the was parted fniui it. lie was elected in 1858, 

northeast wind in his face, which he proceeded and was elected to the state legislatm-e in 1864 

to do as far as possilile: hut as the aforesaid and again in 1866. Lemuel Chandler was the 

northeast wind came on that occasion from first sujierNisor of the township and served four 

all points of the comjjass, he accordingly got consecuti\e terms. The Dehart sons were 

lost, as was to he expected. The wind was like \~.ell known active husiness men. C"urtis Ci. 

old Cncle Tack. s comjjass, which siMUehodv gave and C.'unphell McComh were old residents of 

him to use in the woods; no matter how he held Coles -at the institution of the new county, 

it, it would diddle-daddle to the southwest Thomas Moore entered west half northeast 

every time. ((uarter-section 23. 15. 7, in i8_y. 

Cliiirclhw. — The fn'st church hnilt in the vil- John Cam]>l)ell, called "Uncle Jack," was 

lage was ])ut up hy the Methodists, and we are a hrother of Allen and ^\'ill!alu Cani])hell. and 

informed was erected as early as 1850. at a \vas proh.ihly the last representative or tyi)e 

cost of ahout five hundred dollars. It was o| the gemn'nc old-fashioned ])ioneer, scout and 

eventually .sold, and the present hrick huilt. hiniter. .anil wonderful stories were told of his 

endur.ance and his ahilify to follow a trail. He 
was widely known in the earlv d.avs. i);issing 
the greater p.'irt of Itis time in hunting. He 

llom'hon township consists of fort\--lwo sec- \\as found dead in llie woods. His son I lir;im. 

tions of land in the southwest part of the conn- who died in i8f)4, h.'id the reputation of heing 

tv, eipial to ahout the same numher of scin.are one of the hest hunters of the time, 

miles, and twenty-seven thousand, one hundred Jacoh Aloore, Sr., was one of the earliest 

and seventy-five acres, .\mong the first set- settlers in the townshi]) and hecame an exten- 

tlers were Geo. Dehart and his sons, Samuel ^ive cattle dealer .and Large land holder. He 

and Lucas. He was road-master in Coles was also a noted hunter of great endurance, 

county and his district extended from Sadorus' His first land was entered in section i, 14, 7, 

(irove, on the north comity line, to a point six in .\l)ril, 1X35. lie died July 15. i860, leaving 

miles south of the Si)ringfiel<l road, .Mien a l;irge estate to numerous descendants, 

■•nid William C.amphell were also of the first. lsa;ic ( iruelle. of this low U'-liip. was county 

.\llen C.amphell w;is. .at the time of his death romniissioner of Coles county, heing elected in 

in 1875. with one excei)tion, the largest land 1 '"^4.^ ^vith II. J. Ashniore. The constitution 

owner in the county. (haielle. Maiden "f "848 provided for a county judge and two 

Jones, Israel Chandler .and sons, were among associ.ales. ;niil John ,M. Logan was one of the 

the earliest comers. Dr. Ai)person was a large li''st two .associate justices. Cruelle and I .ogajfc 

land owner and an extensive luedical prac- have long since p.assed away, hoth leaving large 

tice. He was a nephew of Dr. John .Xjjper- estates, 

son, who was the first physician in Coles coun- German speaking people occupy a large 




area of the iiortli jiart of tlie township, tlie lo- 
cality being widel}' known as the "German Set- 
tlement." Their farms, compared with western 
farms generally, are small hut exceedingly well 
cultivated, and the proverbial industry and 
thrift of this class of citizens it here fully exem- 
plified. The greater part of them arrived with 
little or no means, and now with liardiv an ex- 
ception they have acquired good and well im- 
proved farms. The pioneer of this commun- 
ity is Wessel Blaase, who arrived in 1852. 
There are se\-eral ancient artificial mounds on 
his place in one of which human hones were 
found in excavating for a building. 

In the southwest part settled the Amish, 
who were preceded here by M. Yoter, IMiller 
and others in ]8(")4. They much resemble the 
society of Friends in plainness oi attire, integ 
rity and almost total exemption from paujier- 
ism. The name is derived from that of the 
founder of the society who, in the German 
states of Europe, saw fit to secede from the 
Menonites, of whom much has been heard 
lately, with regard to the emigration of large 
numbers of them from Russia to the West. 
The proposed marriages are publicly an- 
nounced, and a marriage outside of the Society 
is "intolerable and not to be endured." They 
dress plainly, partly to avoid the frivolities of 
fashion, and partly that there may be no nota- 
l)lc distinctinn between the rich and the poor. 
They have no clnuThes or meeting houses, but 
meet at each other's dwellings, as the spirit 
moves them. The clothing of the men is often 
confined with hooks and eyes, but the notion 
• that they wear no buttons is erroneous. The 
heads of the women are always covered with 
a neat white cap and over the neck and shoul- 
ders decorously spreads a plain white hand- 

kerchief; this in observance of the hint from 
the Apostle Paul. Adults only are baptized and 
that by pouring. Infants are not entitled to 
. this sacrament, they preferring to teach first, 
for e\'ery descendant has a birth-right in the 
church. Of German e.xtraction and long set- 
tled in western Pennsylvania, their speech 
amongst themselves is an odd mixtin-e of Ger- 
man and English, the "American" part of 
v>hich can be readily detected by an intelligent 
ol)server, and the language is popularly known 
as "Pennslyvania Dutch." They all speak 
".\merican" as well as their neighbors, so that, 
trusting to the hearing alone, few would sus- 
pect the presence of a German speaking per- 
son. They are a good class of people in their 
way. but are bigoted in manv ways. They do 
not teach their children the "American idea," 
preferring that they become isolated from 
others who are as true, or truer, in their re- 
ligious princii)les than tliey. They are intensely 
selfish among themsehes and seem to "float in 
the creeil" "we shall be happy in heaven 
whether we find our God there or not!" 

The original village of Bourbon, section 14, 
15, 7, was laid out by Maiden Jones, in Octo- 
ber, 1853, and is the third town in priority, 
having been preceded by both Camargo and 
Fillmore. An addition was made in the fol- 
lowing January by Benjamin Ellars. At the 
institution of the cotint\- this was a thriving 
village of some dozen business houses and the 
most important trading point in the county. 
L. C. Rust, Dr. J. D. Gardiner. Jos. Foster, 
\\"m. Chandler. Benjamin Ellars. (i. W. Flynn 
and others flourished here at the time. The 
location of the Illinois Central Railroad some 
four miles to the east, giving rise to Tuscola 
and Areola, interfered with the future prospects 



of the place to tlie extent that tlie merchants, 
for tlie most part, not only removed to the new- 
towns on the railroad but took their buildings 
with them. One of these, a two-story frame, 
was put upon runners made of large sticks of 
timber, and with some fifteen yoke of steers, 
under the conduct of LTucle Daniel Roderick, 
was hauled in a nearly straight line over the 
snow to Areola. "Uncle Daniel" still lives on 
his farm in section i, 15, 7. He entered this 
land on March 13, 1838. Sanuiel Sharpe, of 
Bourbon, took Rust's store to Areola in a sim- manner. 

The census of iS(;o gives Bourbon eighty- 
three inhabitants. It has a postoftice, two or 
three stores, two grain buyers, good church 
and school. 

Isaac Gruellc founded the first store near 
the place in which for some years IMalden 
Jones was a partner. Luther C. Rust was a 
leading merchant in the early days of Bour- 
Ijou and was well liked. He died suddenly in 
Areola February 14. 1873. H. C. Niles 
clerked for Mr. Rust and Abram Cosier 
served in the same capacity for Mr. Fosler. 
another early merchant of the village. 

Fillmore had been laid out by H. Russell in 
1848, on section 35, 15, 7. and the firm of 
Bales & Thr(nvbridge, afterward Bales, Os- 
born & Co., controlled the trade of a large 
are.'i ; but the business of this house was re- 
moved to .\rcol;i. and I'illnKire is .'uuung the 
things that were. Mr. l'.;des was associate 
justice of the cnunty in iS()i, and su])ervisor 
of the township in 187J. I'.agdad is a point 
on the Okaw three miles west of .Areola. 

Newton [. Cooper, of this towushi]), was 
elected sheriff of the county in the fall of 1870, 
up to which time for a period, he liad been 

township ciillector. In the following M.arch 
he disappeared suddenly, leaving between five 
and six thousand dollars of township funds 
unaccounted for. Cooper, a recent comer in 
the neighborhood, was a man ()f jjlcasing ad- 
dress and appearance, and that, togetlier with 
his rather notable business c|ualiBcations, in- 
s])ire(l ciinficlence in all who had dealings with 

On Thursday afternoon, November 4, 
1875, R. r. McWilliams, a well known and 
highly resjiected citizen of Bourbon township, 
was instaiitlv killei! at the highwav crossing 
of the Illinois Midland Railwav, west of .Ar- 
eola and near the residence of J.-icob M<iore. 
] fc was driving a nuile team attacheil to a 
wagon. He ai>proached the crossing and, as 
he thought, allowed the train t(^ pass and be- 
gan to resume his way, probably, naturally 
looking at the train, but he was unfortunately 
caught liy the latter ])art of the train, which 
had become uncoupled. The team escaped. 
The name of this township is deri\-ed from 
that of Bourbon county, Kentucky, which was 
represented by several of the first settlers. The 
people \-oted bonds in aid of the I. M. Railway 
to the amriunt of thirtv-fi\'e thousand dollars. 
■ The township has contrilwted liberally of 
her citizens to the ])ublic service. John Chand- 
ler, the first clerk of the county, was electefl 
in i85() ;ind ,'ig;iiu in iSOr. Caleb P)a!es was 
associate justice for ;i term beginning \o\'em- 
ber, i8()r, and was also supervisor in l87_'. 
I^amnel B. Logan the first sheriff of the 
county, 1859. Newton I. Cooper was made 
sherift' in 1870. Lem;iuel Chandler served 
as supervisor in i8r)8-6<j-70-7i, and had also 
charge of the interests of the county in realiz- 
ing from the state the amount due from sw-amp 



lands. M. D. Bartholomew was supervisor 
in i.i'>/3. and was succeeded by Andrew Ray 
in 1874, who was returned in 1875. J. F. 
Bouck came from Ohio in 1866 to Bourbon 
townshi]) and served with a ca))tain's com- 
mission in the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth 
Regiment of that state in the war of 1861. 

Chesterville is a small hamlet with a post- 
office and store and one church, the United 
Brethren. The ixipulation in 1890 was twenty- 

The villages of Fillmore an<l Bagdad of this 
township have disappeared from the face of 
the map. 

Arthur, a most progressi^■e village of 
about seven Inuulred people, was laid out by 
the Paris & Decatur Railroad Company on 
the lands of M. Warren, of Moultrie, and the 
Murpheys, of Douglas county. The county 
line divides the village north and south. The 
Douglas county surveying was done by the 
railroad engineers, and certified by Mr. Niles, 
the Douglas county surveyor. This was in 
July, 1873. Murphy's addition was made Jan- 
uary 30, 1875, and Reeves' addition Decem- 
ber 30, 1874, both surveyed by Mr. Niles. The 
first business house was put up by Jacob Sears. 
William H. Ward brought the first stock of 
go(vls to the village and in the spring of 1873 
|. W. r.arrnm founded the firsf drug store. 
Arthur \\;is incoritorated in the county court 
of Moultrie county at the .\pril term. .\. D. 
1877, which was signed by David Crockett, 
C. C. McComb, William Filers, M. Hunsakcr, 
M. H. Warren, B. G. Hoover, H. Dehart, J. W. 
Sears and some forty others. The court found 
there were three hundred and fifty inhabitants 
residing in the territory. The petition for the 

election was granted and the election ordered 
for May 7, 1877. LTnder the act approved 
.\])ril 9, 1872, M. II. Warren and James Ellars 
were appointed judges of the election, the re- 
turns to be made to Moultrie county. There 
were for village organization thirty-three votes, 
and against it thirty votes. On June 12, 1877, 
the first election was held for the choice of 
six trustees and a clerk, in which the persons 
chosen were C. G. McComb, W. H. H. Reeder, 
IT. C. Jones, J, W, Sears, N. Thompson and 
M. Hunsaker, and J. W. ]];irrum was duly 
elected clerk. 

On the farm of Mr. Blaase some mounds 
have been found from which human remains, 
apparently ancient, have been exhumed in ex- 
cavating for a building. The idea that several 
slight elevations near here were the work of 
human hands is sustained to an extent by the 
fact that ancient marks upon trees all facing 
to one point are noticed. On the same farm, 
what was supposed to be a large flat rock, some 
twelve feet square, was found and supposed to 
co\'er interesting matter. A relative of Mr. 
i'laase dug around it on all sides to a depth of 
about eight feet, but he came to the conclusion 
that the bottom was in China, and the work 
was abandoned. 

A Hurricane. — May 14, 1858, ;i lun-ricane 
visited this part of the connt_\' from the north- 
west, on its way to Areola, wiiere it had an 
engagement, doing considerable damage in and 
near liourbon village, the effects of which, how- 
e\er, were more seriously felt in .Areola, Avhcre 
se\-eral houses were considerably damagetl, and 
i;tliers altogether overthrown. It was a busy 
day at Bourbon at the time, and it was fun 
to the perfectly cool fellows who were not at 


all alarmed to see cursiiii^-. swcarint^-, fiohting center of the Idwuship, up'm wliicii conditions 

men "hunt tiieir liolcs." We di)n't rcnienil)er the townsliip, hy a vote (jf the people, .sul)scri1)ed 

just now will) ihi' ccinl fellows were. townshi]) bonds in aid of the ruad to tlic 

amount of .f_^(),(K)o. It was shown that the 

issue was illegal there heijig n:) .anlhoi'ity 

BOWDKic TOWNSiiii'. wluitevcr for holding the election. The ta.K 

was enjoined, and proper steps taken tO abro- 

Bowdrc township has fnrty-eight and one- K-'t'^ I'lc whole proceedings, wliicli obtained. 

half square miles of territory. When township "he bonds fonml their way into ihe hands of 

organization was adopted in iS('),S, this town- innncent i)arties, who ])urch;iseii them as a per- 

ship was called Deer Creek, after the water manent in\estment. 

course of that name which traverses it. and liiwly land viilrit's and early scUlcrs. — As 

had been a part o{ Collins ])recinct in Cuies to the lirst entries of land in this town- 

count\'. The h.mb.arras riwi' lanis thrnugh the ship, the earliest dale is fiiund to be the entr\' 

northeast ;md receives ."Scattering h'ork in ul Jmie, 1S33, by .Samuel C'. (Jill, wlm ti»ik 

tiie north. The township i> trawi'sed b\- the I1h- the east half of northeast (quarter of sectii>n _', 

nois Midland Kail way fnin the west In the township 15, range 9, and other lands, jhjhn 

sotitheast, a considerable deiiection having been Davis, in October, 1833, entered west half of 

matle in the line of the road thai it mighl pass northeast (juarlcr, same section. In iS3(), in 

within a mile of the center of the townshi]). h'ebruary, the northeast (piarter of northeast 

u]K)n which condition and for otlier (juarter of section 11, township 15. range y, 

the people of the township \otcd bonds in ad was entered by the Barnets, and as in other 

of the road to the aniomit of thirty thousand parts of the county, the great bulk of the 

dollars. lands were entered in 1852 and 1853. Isaac 

Railroads. — This township is intersected Davidson arrived in 1838. James -A. P.reedea 

b\' the Illinois Midland Railway, now the settknl, in J 853, upon section 9, township 14, 

Vandalia system, running east range 9, and built the lirst house on the prairie, 

and west, entering it near the north- betwei-n the old "Wallace .Stand," near llick- 

west corner of section 4, township 14, ory (lro\e, and the Okaw timber, which was 

range 8, running thence cist along the eight miles to the west. 

congressional township line for about two The "Wallace .St.and" was the residence of 

miles; thence southcastw ardly. leaving the .\. (1. W'.allace for souk- years. .Mr. W'all.ace 

township about the nn'ddle of the east line of is noted elsewhere in this book. John i)a\is, 

section 8, township 14, range 10, then making who entered his land in 1833, arrived in the 

a decided large curve to the north, and liack state from lirown county, Ohio, in September, 

again. 1834. Me died in .March. iH(>~i. .Sliiloah (hi! 

This extra length and i'nr\atm"e was arrived in 185J, .nid led on the l;md entered 

caused by a demand on the part of the citizens by his father in 1833. (See sketches else- 

lliat the road should pass within a mile of the where.) 



John Barnet, called "J^ck" by everybody, 
came from Kentucky to the Little Vermillion 
in 1 832, and to Coles county, since Douglas, 
in 1842. The life partners of several prom- 
inent citizens were his daughters. 

School lands. — Section 16, township 14, 
range 9 east, the "school" section, was purchased 
from the state in the first instance of its occu- 
pancy, each section 16 having been set apart by 
law for the use of schools. The sales were made 
in 1856. John Cofer took four hundred acres, 
and W. D. Martin two hundred and forty 
acres. It was surveyed and lotted as required 
by law. Lot one is northeast quarter of the 
northeast quarter, forty and two-thirds acres; 
Lot two is southeast quarter of the northeast 
quarter, forty and two-thirds acres; three is 
west half of northeast quarter, eighty-one 
acres; the east half of northwest quarter is 
Lot four, seventy-seven acres; northwest quar- 
ter of the northwest quarter; thirty-eight and 
one-half acres, is five; and southwest quarter 
of the northwest quarter is six, which also con- 
tains thirty-eight and one-half acres. 

The south half of the section corresponds 
in position and area. This lotting was arbi- 
trary, though the surveyor ostensibly preserved 
the original areas. In this case, the east half 
of the section is found to contain seventeen 
acres more than the west half. It is fair, then, 
to suppose that the quarter section corners on 
the north line and on the south line must have 
been found as originally surveyed much too 
far west. 

Section 16, township 15, range 9, another 
school sectiiin in Bowdre bounds, was lotted in 
forty and eighty acre lots, and found to come 
out exactly even all around; perhaps it was 
surveyed in the house. It was aparted into ten 

lots; east half of northeast quarter was one, 
and west half was two and three; east half of 
northwest quarter was four, and west half of 
northwest quarter was five and six; tlie south 
half of the section was made into four lots, of 
even eighty acres each. 

These school lands were sold all too soon, 
and consequently almost sacrificed, bringing in 
some instances as low as two dollars per acre. 
It was not believed in those days that the 
prairie would be settled. The high grass and 
weeds, and the absence of roads added to the 
blank, dreary lookout generally, and forbade 
the idea that homes would ever have a place 

As late as 185 1, John Davis ofifered to sell 
lot two, southwest quarter of section 6, town- 
ship 15, range 10, eighty- four acres, for the 
entry money he had paid for it, viz., $1.25 
per acre; this was seventeen years after he had 
entered it. It was in Camargo township. 

Old inhahltants. — H. L. Thornsbrue is 
the oldest living person born in Doug- 
las county; Mrs. Mary West, relict of. 
Thomas West, was the oldest resident, 
and settled here in 1834. She died March 3, 
1884, aged seventy-nine, after a residence of 
half a century in the county. Issachar Davis 
is the oldest male inhabitant, his residence 
here dating from October 3, 1834. Mr. Davis 
was a farmer and land surveyor. He was 
elected county surveyor in 1863, 1S67 and 


Churches. — In the southeast quarter of sec- 
tion 16, township 15, range 9, is situated Mt. 
Gilead Methodist church, which offers conven- 
iences to neighboring church-goers. .\t Hugo is 
Antioch church. The Methodists have a 
church in section 14, township 14, range 9, 


and tlie Cliristians and Metlindisfs in TTinds- Hindsboro is a good business center, liav- 

boro. ing two good genera! stores and two enter- 

uiN'DsnoKo viiLVGE prising grain Iniycrs. Its ])o])ulation is about 

tbree iiuneb-ecL 

Tbe town or village of Hindsboro is situ- Kemp is a small village in tliis tnwnsbip. 

atcd in section 6, 14, 10, and was laid out by Hugo lias a postot'tice and store witli a 

tbe railroad company upon tbe lands of tbe [xipulatiou of about fifty. It is tbe scene of 

Hinds Brotbers in 1<S74, tbe plat covering aljont tbe last appearance of Indians in tbe 

al)(.iut sixty-two acres. Tbe railrnad liere runs cnunt)', a trading stnre baving lieen kei)t tbere 

about soutbeast and tbe plan of tbe town is in by ime Vessar and one Hubbard in 1829-30. 

conformity witb it, tbe principal streets be- 'flic Indians. — Issacbar Davis said tbat 

ing at rigbt angles and parallel witb tbe line at about tbe center of soutbwest quar- 

of tbe mad. Tbe place is improving rai)idly ter of soutbeast ((uarter of section 12, 

and bas claims as a sbipping [joint wbicb can town^bip 15, range 9, and on tbe nortb- 

not be ignored. Here Lodge No. 571, I. O. east quarter of tbe nortbwest quarter of 

O. F., was instituted April 12, 1875, tbe first section 13, near tbe old tracbng post, several 

officers of wbicb were: J. Gerard, N. G. ; B. Indian graves bave been discovered and ex- 

F. Strader, V. G. ; J. M. Dwinnell, secretary; aniined. Human l.iones were found in eacb, as 
and James Stites, treasurer, and J. (ierard, D. well as beatls and a siUcr broocb, l)y William 

G. M. Wile}' and Jobn Welbxer. .\ large silver crcs- 

Tbe town was laid off in 1874, being sur- cent, five or six incbes in diameter, and about 
veyed by H. C. Niles, from plans furnisbed by two and one-balf incbes wide at its broadest 
tlie railroad, wbicb plans, Ijy tbe way, were part, was alsii secured. Samuel Cbeney, a for- 
cbanged by tbe proprietors before tbe town mer resident, now Ii\ing near Humbolt, in 
was surveyed, but after a map r.f tbe town bad Coles county, saw tbe departure of tbe last 
been engraved and publisbed in ;ui atlas map; band of Indians, in April, 1833. lie was a 
ibis, unfortunately, makes tbe ])rinted map son of James Cbeney, wbo came t(j tbe neigb- 
worse tbau useless, 'idie lots and blocks were borbood in 1830, and tbe lirst wile of Issacbar 
laid off parallel, and at rigbt angles to tbe rail- Davis was a sister of bis. .Sbe bad a (piantity 
road, wbicb bere runs about soutbeast, and of trinkets, wbicb sbe b;id procured from tbe 
consequently bad '"point" lots occtu" .all ai'ound Indi.ans by tr.ading provisions, etc. At anotber 
tbe borders of tbe ])lat. In a country wbere tbe time, tbe corpse of an Indian was ionnd ag:nnsi 
cardinal points are almost universally used in a tree, near tbe Embarrass, and not far from 
metes and bounds, a village plan not "square tbe montb of Scattering Fork, 
witb tbe world" bas many inconveniences for .1 Cliristian clmrch. — A Cbristian cburcb, 
wbicb tbere is generally no necessity. The yclei)ed ".\ntiocb," is situatetl bere on tbe 
village is improving r;i])i(lly and bas claims as soutbwest cpiarter of ^.ection 12. townsbip 15, 
a sbi])ping and trading point, wbicb are rapidly range 9, wbicli was built in 1881, at an ex- 
growing in importance. pense of about twelve hundred dollars. 



Murder. — Bowdre is the scene of the second 
murder committed in the county, Areola City 
liaving the tirst, third and fourth. At tlie Feb- 
ruary term, 1871, of Douglas county circuit 
court, O. P. Greenwood was indited for 
the murder of George Mussett. He met 
him in tlie woods near Hugo and shot 
him with a rifle. Greenwood was tried 
at Charleston, Coles county, on a change 
of venue, and sentenced to the peniten- 
tiary for twenty-one years. Having sur- 
rendered himself to the officers, and as there 
was some probability of self-defense, as well 
as some supposed justification, domestic dif- 
ficulty being the cause of the quarrel, and some 
other extenuating circumstances, a petition 
was circulated for his pardon, which prevailed 
after Greenwood had served about seven years. 
He was defended by Hon. Thomas E. Bundy 
and Hon. James A. Connolly. Hon. J. G. 
Cannon was engaged to conduct the prosecu- 
tion by several citizens who made up a purse 
for that purpose. Greenwood afterward lived 
a while in Tuscola and removed South. 


Garrett is named in honor of Isam Garrett. 
Before township organization the area, as 
an election precinct, was much smaller than at 
present. It was bounded on the east by the 
( )ka\v river, and on the S(nith l,)y the congres- 
sional township line, containing only about 
thirty square miles. There were added about 
twenty more when the townships were made, 
and tlie ea>t line was extendetl to the range 
or township line on the east, and to the south 
jiart was addeil two tiers of sections off the 
north end of the congressional township on 

the south. As now constituted, it is bounded 
on the north and on the west by the county line, 
on the south by the township of Bourbon, and 
on the east by Tuscola, and consists of all of 
township 16 north, of range 7 east, of the third 
principal meridian, and sections i to 12 in- 
clusive, of township 15 north, of range 7 east, 
the total area in square miles being 51.83, the 
same being according to the United States 
government survey 33,171-95 acres. 

This is the shape it received upon the adop- 
tion of township organization in 1868, a partic- 
ular acccjunt of which is given elsewhere in 
this volume. A section of land is usually esti- 
mated to contain six hundred and forty acres, 
which is indeed the average, the exceptions 
being the fractional sections, occurring on the 
north and west sides of all townships surveyed 
by the government. The north tier of secticnis 
in township 15 north, range 7 east, in Garrett, 
one to six inclusive, are all over one thousand 
acres in area, and section 6, township 15, range 
7, mostly owned byjames Drew, was the largest 
government section of land in the county, con- 
taining 1,148.21 acres; it is over one and one- 
half miles in north and south length, and con- 
siderably over one mile in east and west 

The government surveyors were instructed 
to make all townships of thirty-six sections to 
contain, as near as may be, twenty-three thou- 
sand and forty acres, that is to say, to l)e six 
miles square and include thirty-six sections. 
Township 16 north, range 7 east, is the only 
congressional township in the county which 
"fills the bill." the area, according to govern- 
ment survey, being exactly the proposed area 
in gross. It does not follow that each section 
is exactly six hundred and forty acres. 


Tupography, drainage, etc. — The Kaskas- land, and tlie drains are constructed at an e\- 

kia river traverses the east tier of sections in pensc of about twenty-cio-ht humh-ed dollars, 

this sub-division of the county, and, being These consist of large open ditches, which are 

here near the very scnnxe of this river, which by law under the control of the highway coni- 

rises in Champaign county, depends upon the missioners, whose duty it is to keep llieni in 

rainfall for its waters. It is therefore about repair from year to year, the same :is mads, 

dry in the summer months, while immediately the expense of which is met by ;i tax levied 

after heavy rains it comes ui> in a hurry, and u]>on the land owners in the district, for the 

becomes a rapid stream of a width of from four benefit of whom the original district was or- 

to six rods, and in the north part, getting out ganized. The ditches will average sixteen feet 

of the banks, has an indefinite extent. Tiie in width, tlie cost of construction being about 

sudden rise of this and other streams in the one dollar per lineal rod. C. (i. l-'ckcrl was the 

county is owing materially to the improved attorney for the commissioners, who also c-m- 

system of farm drainage, which of late years ployed II. C. Xiles as surveyor and engineer, 

has so much obtained. Every man who ditches The work was regularly staked out railroad 

his land at all in this region is contributing fashion, ami the elevations taken. These drains 

to the waters of the Okaw, the capacity of were exceedingly popular in their inception, 

which to carry off the accumulated waters is very much the contrary when the tax is made 

comparatively less than of old, which naturally known and collected, and the pride and boast of 

suggests improvement, and it is only a (fues- the people when c.mipleted. 

tion of time when the imi)rovement of our The highest ])oinl in (iarrett township is, 

main streams will be considered the one thing probably, near the southeast corner on the 

needful in the pn>per drainage of the farms of "(iruelle" farm, which place, by actual measure, 

the county. A water course known as Dry is thirty feet higher than Tu.scola : the bottom 

Fork runs through the tniddle of the township of the Okaw, near this point, is tlnrtv-five I'eet 

in a north and south direction, and, I'alling into lower th;m this highest point, which is a 

the ()k;iw at the south line of the township, ■'dixide" near the hue of Tuscola ;ind this 

is an important carrier for the ])rairie lands tiiwnslh]). 

to the north. Lake kork. which is born in The great body of timber in (i.arrett is on 
Piatt county, comes into (larretl li.alf a mile the south side, but the Okaw in its entire 
south ol the \illage of .\twood. ;md is a con length is fringed, as it were, with woods, 
tributor to the Okaw in Ijonrbon township; On the west side, and in the neighbor- 
like all prairie water courses, it is wet and dry hood of Lake Porl-c, many small but attractive 
by turns and nothing long. natural groves occur, notabh' on the lands of 
The drainage commissioners of this town- Xathan (iarrett and others; and in the heart 
ship ha\-e, on petition of interested parties, of the woods, near the south center of the town- 
established a large drainage district, under the shi]i, a large "■gl.ade" occurs; the original sur- 
statute, which is sitnatetl in the southwest part, \'e\'ors calleil it a "draught." Coodsoii's 
contains about thirtv-two hundred acres of (irove is situated at the northeast corner of 




section t,t,, township i6, range 7, and is a nice 
little piece of woods. All of these glades, cut- 
offs and groves were duly noted and mapped 
liy the original surveyors, who did their gov- 
ernment surveying in this region in 1821. 

Bowlders of granite or other rock are rarely 
found of any great dimensions; in many parts 
of the county, whether prairie or timlier, they 
are unknown, while in otlier sections there are 
enough of small hulk, weighing from one hun- 
dred to five hundred pounds, to obstruct to 
some extent the tilling of the soil; but these 
are few. The largest granite rock in the coun- 
ty, visible above the soil, is in the southeast cor- 
ner of section 8, township 16, range 7, upon the 
farm once owned by Judge Mullen, in this 
township. It stands aliove the grotmd about 
twelve feet, and is al)out as much in thickness. 
All of these surface rocks have been rounded by 
the action of water, and have evidently lieen 
transported by natural agencies from their nat- 
ural beds. A glacier, for instance, ages ago, 
was started from the .Vrtics as a frozen river of 
ice, bearing upon its bed tons of rock, which it 
deposited as it luelted in the summer heat of the 
then temi>erate zone. .\n extensive ledge of 
limestone, which makes good lime, as proven 
by actual Imsiness, occurs in Sargent town- 
ship (q. v.). 

Railroads. — The St. Louis liranch of the 
I. D. & W. Railway, first called the Indianap- 
olis & Decatur, afterward the Indiana & Illi- 
nois Central, and next the Indianapolis, De- 
catur & Springfield, traverses this township 
from east to west along the luiddle line of the 
south tier of sections, in township 16 north, 
range 7 east, and is a straight line through this 
township. It was completed here in 1872. 

A bridge burned. — A Hcjwe truss bridge 

over the Okaw, west side, section 36, township 
16, range 7. half a mile west of Howe Station 
was maliciously burned nn the night of July 
3, 1873, and as a Fourth of July excursion 
was on the tapis for ne.xt day, it is difficult to 
imagine the state of mind of the fellow who 
did it. By withholding his name, lie has lost 
the distinction of being Douglas county's great- 
est scoundrel. 

Laud cutric;. — Among the first entries of 
land in Garrett township we find that Jacob 
Lease, in December, 1834, entered the north- 
east cjuarter of section 2_|, township 16, range 
7; and in 1835, in June, J. G. Devault took the 
southeast cpiarter of section 13, township 16, 
range 7. I. F. Lewis entered the northeast 
quarter of section 12, township 16, range 7, in 
1836; and June 16, 1849, Benjamin Ellars 
located and patented the west half of lot i, 
northeast quarter of section 2, township 16, 
range 7, and other lands. Josiah Hoots owned 
a large body of land in the southeast corner of 
the township. He was an ancient settler of 
prominence and influence. He died in Octo- 
ber, 1876, in the fifty-eighth year of his age. 
He was a native of Salem, North Carolina, 
removed to Indiana at the age of seven, and 
subsequently to this neighborhood, of which he 
was a useful citizen for about thirty-eight years. 
He was Ijuried, Alasonically, at Cartright 
Chai)el, three miles west of Tuscola, by Tuscola 
Lodge, No. ^^2, of which he was an ancient 
and honored member. 

According to legendary report, Lenuiel 
Randall entered, ]\Iarch 16, 1850, the four 
forties lying around the center of section 34, 
township 16. range 7. Thomas Goodson was 
with Randall, and knowing the numbers of 
the land, got the patent for him. This entry 


was made before the railroad had selected its 
lands, hilt, under a mistake, the railroad tem- 
porarily gut these. Meanwhile, Randall had 
sold to Nathan Drake, who had transferred to 
D. Maris. Drake had taken the precaution of 
re-entering- the tracts, having had intimation of 
the error. The books at the office still showed 
it til be railroad land, and finally the land entry 
Ixxik of the county shows the land was 
really and finally entered by J. W. L. Slavens, 
February 22, 1865. This is, then, the very 
last entry of government lands in Douglas 
county. In shi>rt, the railroad never had ac- 
quired the tracts, and they were left open to 
have the distinction of being the last entries. 

Thesixteenth section in township 16 north, 
range 7 east, reser\-ed for schools, the title 
to which is derived from the state, was taken 
up in 1854, having been divided into eight lots 
by the surveyor, containing se\'enty-eight to 
seventy-nine acres each, lot i lieing the east 
half of the northwest ([uarter. J. L. Jordan 
took two, Harvey Otter one, E. T. Roinine 
two, J. C. \\"ythe two, etc. 

Pioneer personals. — Isam (larrett, in com- 
pliment to will nil the towiishi]) was n;inicd, 
li\'ed to the adxanced age of eighty-two \ears. 
He died February 14, 1880. it is the jiopular 
opinion that Mr. Garrclt ne\x-r used tobacco ov 
dr.ank spirits, never served on ;i jury, never was 
a witness in cmirt, iie\er sued and iie\er was 
sued, and lli.-it he ne\er tdld a lie in bis life. 
He was an educated free-thinker, and held that 
life is a terrific ])ri)lileni; that we are placed 
upon this earth witliDiU being ci insulted, ;iiid 
rem()\-ed \vitIiout mir consent: and that the 
golden rule was the mily guide: and to "dn 
good and throw it into the sea; if the fishes 
(ion"t know it, God will." 

Dr. Thomas Parsons, of this township, 
was a imted hunter and marksman, and now, 
at the advanced age of eighty-three, shows with 
pride some thirty targets which he has pre- 
served for many years, representing his vic- 
tories. These are about two inches in diameter, 
and show the size of a rifle ball reiieated to any 
extent and cutting into each other at ;i]I edges. 
The Doctor was once the ])receptor of Galeb 
Garrett, at Terre Haute, as a carpenter ;md 

Mr. Caleb (i.arrett, son of Isani, reiiresented 
the county of \'igo in lndi;iiia in 1842, and was 
re-elected at the age of twenty-one. He settled 
in Douglas county in 1847, served on the first 
grand jury, justice of the peace in 1854, 
and for some years after. He was also 
supervisor of Garrett t<iwnsliip. He first 
bought land in the west jiarl of the township,[ueiitly accumulated other and larger 
tracts, and in M.ay, 1865, sold out and trans- 
ferred his farming interests to Tuscijla town- 
ship by [lurchase.\e}' Otter, James Drew, Jacob Mos- 
barger. Dr. D. A. Meeker, William i lowe and 
William hollars were of the early settlers. 
I lowe ;irri\e(l in the jiresent bounds of Doug- 
las county in i8_:;S. Ik- wc-iil to ( '.-ilifornia in 
1850, ;md returned in 1853: he w;is one of 
the largest Land owners in the tow nslii]) : was 
elected supervisor of ||r- lownslii|i in 1876, 
and again in 188,^, ;iii(l in 1884 William Ellars' 
family came from (_)Iiio and settled in the Okaw 
timber near the north line, in 1849, at which 
time there was not a settler on the prairie to 
the west. 

Joseph Moore, or, to put it more exactly, 
"Old Joe Moore." arrived in tlie present bounds 
of Douglas county in 1S32. He was the re- 



l)0.sitory of all the jokes, good, bad and indif- 
ferent, illustrative of the manners and customs 
of the earlier days. 

Thomas Goodson entered the north half 
of the southwest quarter of section 27, tovvn- 
■ship 16, range 7, July 9, 1850, and other lands; 
he continued a resident until lately, when he 
died, leaving numerous descendants and a large 
estate. Goodson was a great hunter; he once 
killed two deer with a single ball, on what is 
now the farm of William Brian in the north- 
east part of the township; he assisted in the ex- 
termination of the \'ery last family of wild 
cats found in the Okaw timber. He relates that 
he cut a large tree for rail timber in the exact 
spot where he had cut a similar one thirty- 
six years before. Notwithstanding the large 
Cjuantities of timber used for building, fuel and 
fencing in the early days, the cjuestion whether 
the timber is holding its own or not is an open 
one. It is a noteworthy fact, in this connection, 
and without the slightest intention of reflecting 
upon any old settler, it may be stated that the 
timber belonging to the lands of actual settlers 
remained in good condition much longer than 
that of the government, it being understood 
that all settlers had a kind of right to use gov- 
ernment timber; the timber lands of non-resi- 
dents, which were called si)eculator's lands, 
were included un<Icr the same head, and some 
of the early ilebating societies had up the f|ues- 
tion, whether the owners of such lands had any 
rights which anybody was bound to respect, 
and being decided in the negative,"bowed the 
woods beneath their sturdy stroke." 

John Lester and his sons, Samuel and Sigler 
H., were of the first comers. Samuel Lester 
entered his first land in section i, township 15, 
range 7, in 1S.55, and u[) to 1838 had entered 

all the north half of the section, eight hundred 
acres. Sigler H. entered, in April, 1836, the 
west half of the northeast quarter of section 
25, township 16, range 7. and subsequently 
other lands. These sons died, Samuel in i860 
and Sigler in 1864, leaving large estates to 
numerous descendants, which lands, however, 
by either mischance or choice, have passed out 
of the hands of the families. The Lesters were 
men of great natural force and decision of char- 
acter, and like most other people were great 
hunters. Goodson related that John Lester 
once cut a large bee tree, and converting it into a 
gum, stood it upon end full of honey and cov- 
ered it with a slab, leaving it for a more con- 
venient season. Goodson had just killed three 
deer, and finding the gum ready to his hand, 
filled it up with tallow, and did this to save it 
from the ravens, for at that time ravens were 
plenty ; they were larger than the common 
crow, and are since extinct here. Lester, re- 
turning and finding tallow in the place of his 
hone_v could not understand how anybody 
would rob him of his honey and leave tallow in 
exchange, the latter being much more valuable. 
F. C. INlullen entered his first land in sec- 
tion 28, township 16, range 7, in 1850. He 
came from Delaware, and was the second 
county judge of the new county of Douglas. 
/Mxuit these days Judge Mullen was travehng 
l(.iwar(l his home from Vandalia, where he had 
been entering lanil. and upon reaching Sulli- 
van, in Moultrie county, his traveling com- 
panion suggested that they should go at once 
to the ta\ern and take a drink. Mullen pre- 
ferred to first take care of the horses, and diil 
so, which made some delay; they then pro- 
ceeded toward the tavern, and learned that 
William Campl)ell, an old resident of this town- 


slii]). liad licen ruMicd of (nie hundred and fifty iiniinn. The dogs, after running- down, would 

dollars in i;old : that every man in the saloon kill a deer and eat (ill satisfied, and the onlv 

had heen searched and the money not found. tn>])hies secured in the first ease was the head, 

It is somewhat interesting to speculate as to horns and a I'oot, as the relics of the "hio-o-cst 

what might have been the consequences to the huck." In this fiat country there was almost 

Judge on this occasion, if he had not heen for- no vantage-ground for the deer; he ran till he 

Innately delayed, for he had just arrived a jjcr- could run no more, and was too much e\- 

fect stranger and had on his person in gold hansted to fight. A "stag at l)a\'" was rai'e, 

precisely the amount they were looking for. ;uid to he in at the death took rajiid riding .and 

The chase. — Hunting at the i)ro])er .season g 1 shooting; the horses enjoyed the sjxirt 

occupied the attention of the early settlers con- ;uid learned to run hv sight, 

siderahly, and a principal part of the living was Many persons rememher the rece])tion these 

venison ; this, with the natural love of the sport hounds ga\-e e\erv visitor to the various farms. 

born in and with more enterprising and vig- 1 le would ride up to the house, and if he ])assed 

orous of the settlers, made the pursuit a fa- along, all riglu, hut if he stopped and gave the 

vorite. Isaac L. Jordan and his brother customary "hello!" ten or a dozen houmls 

"Wash." faleb and Xatliau ( larrett, Thomas rushed toward him, with an open-mouthed 

Goodson and the I,esters were enthusiastic deei) baying .salute that would m.ake the hair 

hunters. The (iarretts and Jordans had of a timid man "stand on end," but all he had 

amongst them about twenty-tne hounds. Fn to do to restoi'e perfect peace was to "li'dit." 

iS5;v while on ;i wolf hunt. Jord.m .and Garrett It was only a bay of welcome, and ;i notice to 

liad followed the trail from their neighborhood the family that perhaps a wayfarer wanted his 

to the present site or Tuscola, eight miles, and supper and a bed. 

the peculiar action of a favorite Ixmnd attract- ./ lyiichiii;^. — .Mr. J. 1.. hirdau.of this town- 
ing the attention of Jordan, he, with his e.\- shi]), informed me that in the case of Ivuching 
perience as a hunter, immediately called the <ir "1 )olpir' Monroe, of Coles countv, in 18^4, 
dogs off the trail of the wolf, though it hail the entire jury was .selected from the i)resent 
been getting warm, and began cautiously to area of D.niglas county, lie shot and killed 
e.\ploi-c for deer, the nobler game. In a few his f.alher-in l;iw, N. k'Hington, the circuit 
moments, in the low ground, just about where clerk of Coles Cdunlv, and w;is hung by a mob 
the Illinois Central Railmad depot now stands in January, 1N35, at Charleston. The jury 
in Tuscola, he raised the largest buck ever seen was com]iosed of William and |ames K. 1 lam- 
in their experience. The buck started off SI >nth- mett. Coleman r.right. Henry I. owe and bilin 
west and was run down and kilfeil by the dogs I'rahme, of Camargo township; .\m/i Wild- 
in the Gruelle I'arm. I'our miles southwest. 1. \ .. Jnrda.n ami Israel Harris, of (iar- 

On another occasion a trained hound conr rett: .S. .\Uwers. D.aniel Martin. Scpn're .Adams 

l)elled the attention of G.arrett and conducted and Dan hosier; thc\- brought in a \erdict of 

him to a place where the dogs had killed a ' nun-der in the lirst degree." This mob had 

deer, which they had chased T)f their own no occasion to violate the law, but having 



come to see the show, and fearing disappoiiit- 
ineiit, concluded to have the show anyway. 
Mr. Jordan, and otliers of tlie jury, tliink they 
could have prevented it, if present. It is tlie 
blackest blot on Coles county, of which Douglas 
was then a part. 

By the way, is not the fact that burglaries 
and robberies in the earlier days were rare, 
owing to something besides the honesty and 
scarcity of valuables amongst the people. The 
lierception, memory and observation of the 
residents were sharpened by the want of gov- 
erniuent. and no man could pass through the 
country without being es])ecially marked and 
remembered; not from suspicimi — this rarely 
obtained — but from a habit of ol)ser\ation, born 
partly of their isolated position, and some- 
what of their thirst for news. A man on horse- 
back, or "any other man," who went through 
the country, could be traced a hundred miles, 
and if necessarv. overtaken. 

The "spirit of ilw fiinrs." — The residence 
of I. L. Jordan, north half of the soutliwest 
quarter, and southeast quarter of the south- 
west (|uarter of section 29, township 16, range 
7 (lands which he entered in 1852), being ceii- 
tral in the township, was a point for elections 
and other public meetings ; it was also made a 
center for the collection of taxes by the sheriff, 
wIk^ was then "sheriff and collector" under the 
old irgiinc (l^efore 1868) and county organiza- 
tion. Ujion one occasion. 1859, the first sheriff, 
Sam Logan, had made his collections at "Jor- 
dan's," as it was called, when ni>t onl}- had 
the ])eople generally met liim there to pay ta.xes 
according to notice, but Jonlan was shelling 
corn with twelve or fourteen hands. Sam had 
his saddle-liags with him, containing the re- 
sults of two or three days' collections, wdiich 

were augmented at this place. About night, 
after "Sam" had partaken of the hospitalities 
of "Ike," which any (jld settler who knows 
either will certify were not stinted, he mounted 
his horse and started for Tuscola, to deposit 
his money. At about half past ten o'clock — 
pretty late, in those days, for men who began 
wcn-k at four A. M. — Jordan, in bed, heard the 
customary "hello," and, as usual, responded 
promptly, expecting to entertain a belated trav- 
eler. It was "Sam;" and tlie next word was. 
of "light." But Sam said. "No, I can't 
stiip. I hung my saddle-bags on the corner of 
the stable, forgot them, and went off. and now 
they are not there." Ike. after joking him a 
good deal, which he couldn't help, handed him 
to him, ancl Sam went on his way rejoicing. 
The saddle-bags contained about twenty-five 
hundred dollars. This little incident is related 
to sliow the spirit of the times. Sam probably 
took his "pile." and going on to Tuscola quietly 
tleposited — well, simply woke up some mer- 
chant, at a store, and, making up his package, 
a conglomerate mass of wild-cat money issued 
by almost everv bank in North America, 
slapped it into such a safe as was used, and 
calmly went on his way, or more likely went 
to bed where he struck. The only banks were 
the safes of merchants — \\'yeth. Craddock & 
Co., J. i\I. Smith. Davis & Ensey, etc. Every 
fellow called for his money when he wanted it, 
and always got it. The depositors would often 
])ermit the merchant to use some of the money, 
and always got it on call. This mutual con- 
fidence was never abused, though they never 
t(M:)k receipts. 


The village of Atwood is situated on the 


west line of the tmvnsliii), at the ci>unty line, ami lilocks, with some rescr\ations. This led 

lyini^- partly in both the counties of Douglas to some confusion, many deeds liaN-ing heon 

and Piatt, and on cither side of the east and nia<Ie without the sign.iture of all the parties, 

west railroad, its location being in section 30, but which was finally cured l.iy quil-clainu'ui^' 

towaiship 16 north, range 7 east. Har\'y Otter back to the first owners of the land, 

contributed the southwest cpiarter of the J'irst slore. — The first store in tlie \illage 

northwest (piarter. and George Nolin<l the was a dry goods establishment ])\- llellon & 

north half of the southwest quarter; Ritchie l*>arrctt. at the southwest corner of (.'ountv 

and others "put in" laud in Piatt county. It street and South I'ront street. 

was laid off on paper liy Patterson, lirst as- Cliiirdics. — The first clunxdi ercctdl in the 

sistant engineer of tlie railroad, and surxeycd village is the New-Light Christian chui-ch, 

by .Mr. Xiles, the then county sur\eyor, in 1S73. which was built in iSSo at an expense of about 

In those years, the county sur\-eyor was, by fourteen liundred dollars. It is fiuaiished 

law, the only person qualified to sur\cy town with a good bell, costing eighty dollars, and 

lots, the law l)eing changed, so that any coin- commands in its memliership many of the best 

petent siu"\'eyor can now act. citizens. They are not the same as the Discii)les 

The streets arc n.amed East A street, East of (du-ist, which is the Christian church, who 

B street and East C street, etc., and North added the present edifice subsecjuently, at a cost 

Front, North Second, North Third, etc.. The of about sixteen hundred d(.)llars. This church 

Douglas County jjlat consists of blocks, which has also a godd bell. These bells chime in lov- 

are generally forty feet front by one hnn- ing unison, and in iheir sweet accord gi\c no 

ch'cd and fifty feet; streets, lanes and alleys intimation of tlu-ir preferences. 

are jjarallel with and at right angles The Methodist cluu-ch was rcmoxed from 

to the railroad, and the whule is compactly Mackxille as part of the exodus therefrom in 

and conxenicntly arranged. The railroad, be- 1883. The building is worth ;ibont twelve 

.sides the usual right-ot-way i"eser\'ed of one hundred dollars. ;uid the cost of moving it 

hundred feet wide, h;is also reser\-ed a tract was about two hundred dollars, 

north of its line one hundred and fifty feet wide. We ha\ e in little Douglas the Presbyterians 

and extending east fn mi the county line eleven .-iml the Cunibei-laud rresbvicrians, the .Metli- 

hundred feet, nearly four acres. The dcdica- oilist l".piscop;iI, the Methodist Protestant, the 

tioii of the lots and blocks, in the signing of the I-'rce .Methodist, the l'".])isco])aliaiis, the C'hris- 

])l;Us for record, was m;ide jointlv bv the orig- tiau church ;uid the "( )ld Xew-I -iglit" Chris- proprietors of the l;ind, ;md II. C. Moore, tiau church, and two kinds of Paptists, etc., 

the su](erinteiidcnt of the railway, 1 l;iiiimond, ;uid :iw thus able to offer 1,'icilities to trnth- 

the i)rcsidcnt. and T. 11. Macougbtry, the rail- seekers not to be surpassed by any county of 

roaci attorney, the owners of the ground hav- our size in the st.ate. 

ing, l(ir certain considerations, agreed to give /'//(• /TiW.v. — The rn"st newspaper [lublished 

these gentlemen a half-interest in all the lots in the village was the .\twood Indeiiendent, 



and. under tlie charge of S. W. and F. E. 
Lucas, made its salutatory on Decemlser 14. 
1883. (See sketch of Wilham E. Means.) 

Incorporation. — Decemlier 14, 1883, a pe- 
tition was filed with W. H. Bassett, county 
judge, signed 1)y tliirty legal voters residing 
witliin certain territory, tlie greater portion of 
which hes in Douglas county, setting forth a 
desire to become incorporated as the "village of 
Atwood ;" that the number of inhabitants in the 
proposed bounds was three hundred. The 
county judge accordingly fixed uixni Jaiui- 
ary g, T884, as the time, and the office of J. 
W. Merritt, J. P.. as the place, when and where 
the election should be held, and he appointed 
as judges of election James A. Hawks, M. C. 
Drake and A. L. Marshall, which gentlemen, 
in due course, made the following report : 

There were cast at such election : For vil- 
lage organization, sixty-six votes; against vil- 
lage organization, forty-two votes; total, one 
hundred and twentj'-eight votes. 

The area of the c'iHagc. — The territory in- 
cluded in the \illage incorporation is com- 
prised of the west half of the northwest quarter 
of the northwest quarter, and the southwest 
quarter of the northwest quarter, and the west 
half of the southeast quarter of the northwest 
(piarter, and the west half of the northeast 
quarter of the southwest quarter, and the north 
half (if the southwest cfuarter of the southwest 
quarter, and the northwest quarter of the south- 
west (piarter in section 31, in Douglas county; 
and the east half of the northeast cpiarter of the 
northeast quarter, and the southeast quarter of 
the northeast quarter, and the east half of the 
southwest, quarter of the northeast quarter, 
and the east quarter of the northwest quarter 
of the southeast quarter, and the northeast 

quarter of the southeast quarter, and the north 
half of the southeast (|uarter of the southeast 
quarter in section 36 in Piatt county, all in 
township 16 north, being in area two hundred 
and ninety acres, of which one hundred and 
sixty acres are in Douglas, leaving one hun- 
dred and thirty in Piatt county. 

The matter was prepared and concluded by 
C. G. Eckhart, Esq., of Tuscola. * 

Atwood at present has se\eral first-class 
stores, a bank, a good hotel, a newspaper, good 
churches and schools and has a poi)ulation of 
about six hundred people. 

Garrett has been represented at the county 
seat by F. C. Mullen, who was elected county 
judge in 1861. This was under the old style 
(if county organization which stopped in 1868. 
I. L. Jordan was elected sheriff in 1864. Caleb 
Garrett was the first supervisor of the township, 
elected in 1S68. He was succeeded b}' William 
Ellars in 1869. who was re-elected in 1870- 
71-72, being followed by J. W. Hackett in 
1873, Thomas Owen in 1874, and by Josiah 
Hoots in 1875. William Howe was in the same 
position in 1876. 1882 and 1883; Jason Green 
was elected in 1877, and is the only Democrat 
placed in that office to date. He was re-elected 
in 1878-79. Claus Greve, a naturalized Ger- 
man, was sent in in 1880, and Green was re- 
turned again in 1881, and returned in 1882. 

The village of Garrett has of recent years 
became (|uite a trading point; with good school 
and church. It has a p(jpulation of about two 
hundred and fifty. 


Derivation of name, bounds, area, etc. — 
Sargent township takes its name from that of 



one of its oldest settlers and who was one of the 
most prominent business and cattle farmers — 
Snowden Sargent. In the old Coles county days 
it was a part of "Oakland precinct," set off for 
election purposes, and that ])art which I'cniained 
in Doug'las, after the formation nf the new 
county, took the name of Sargent precinct, and 
was very small, ha\ing' only about twenty-three 
.square miles. It was bounded on the east and 
south by the county line, on the north by a 
line from corner of sections \(). 17, 20 and jt, 
running' east to Edgar county, and it had a 
southwest boundary at the Embarrass river, 
which separated it from Deer Creek, since 
T'xiwdre township. Sargent at the time of 
township organization, in 186S, was made 
into its present shape, and is l)oun<led on the 
east and south by the county line, on the west 
by Bowdre and on the north by Murdoch and 
Newman, the north line beginning at the north- 
east corner of section 9, township 14, range 
14 west, and running thence west on the sec- 
tion lines about sc\en miles to the northwest 
corner of section 9. township 15, range 9 east, 
and thence south on the section lines eight miles 
to the south county line. It contains fifty-two 
sections of land, which includes, howexcr, only 
46.45 scpiare miles, and conse(|uently comprise 
29,728.94 acres, and in area ranks Xo. 5 in the 
county, the discrepancy between the number 
of .sections and number of scjuare miles being 
accounted for h\- tlu' fact that m;m_\' ol the sec- 
lions are \erv small — those in what is called 
township 15 north, of range 11 cast, nnining 
from two hundred to three hundred and fifty 
acres, their surveyed wiflth being little o\er one 
quarter of a mile. The smallest govennncnt 
section of land in the county is in this town- 

ship — section 7, township 15, range 11 — and 
has only 198.38 acres. 

Surface features. — A large part of the 
township is prairie, perhaps two-thirds; the 
balance is the usual proportion of timber 
land along the borders of the creeks, of which 
"Brushy b'ork," an affiuent of the lunb.arrass 
river, comes in on the north line, and fiows 
southwesterly tow;ii-d the west side, when it 
joins the larger ci'cek, the lunbari'ass, in sec- 
tion _'S, township 15, range 10, and their 
mingled waters then run southeasterly until 
they leave the county at the south side of sec- 
tion I, township 14, range 10, nnining two or 
three miles in Coles comity and re-entering 
Douglas on the east side of .section 15, township 
14, range 10. Deer Creek comes in from the 
west, and also joins the Embarrass in the north 
part of section },2i. township 15, range lO. Sev- 
eral other natural water-courses of smaller di- 
mensions flow into these creeks at various 
points, and in the west part provide amply for 

The southeast jiart being somewhat level, 
a drainage district is in process of development, 
under the statute, which, as soon as the advan- 
tages are realized, will be followed by others, 
as is always the case. 

The highest jioint in the township, if not 
in the county, and at least ri\aling in ele\atioii 
the "Ridge" in Newman townshi]), was. upon 
the farm of Andrew (iwinn, h'.sq.. where the 
government erected an ohserc'itory. This is 
a wooden structure of a height of about <>nc 
hundred feet, from which to take instrumental 
observations for the connection of the triangu- 
lar snrvev of the great lakes with that of the 
I\lississii)pi river and the gull coasts. 




Old Settlers. — Among tlie most prominent Land entries. — Tlie first entries of land 

of the earliest settlers was Snowden Sargent, were made in 1830. We find that in this year 
for whom the township was named. He made lands were entered by Eli Sargent, I. Ashmore, 
his first visit to the state in 1830, and entered Amos Leslie, Joseph Redding, Jr., David Sears, 
four hundred acres of land at the oflice at Pal- Samuel Moore, Pharmer Leslie and Hez. 
estine, and passed through all the usual vicis- Rhoades. North half nf the northeast quarter 
situdes and privations of pioneer life, and be- of section i, township 14, range 10, was en- 
tered in this year by Sargent, who also took 
large bodies of other lands in the vicinity. 

came eventually one of the largest land owners 
in the county ; dying in 1875, he left a large es- 
tate to his descendants. 

Andrew Gwinn settled here before 1836, 
from his last location in Indiana, and visited 

In 1 83 1, June i. John Laughlin took lot 2, 
northwest (|uarter of section 2, township 14, 
range 10, and other lands. In the same year 

the Richmans in Camargo (who were the first Stanton Pemberton covered several tracts in 

settlers in the county, 1830). His lands, ad- section 10. township 14, range 10. Pharmer 

joining Mr. Sargent's and together occupy- Leslie, October 29, 1830, entered the west half 

ing so much territory, made the establishment of the southwest quarter of section 2;^, town- 

of a school district quite a problem. He had ship 15, range 10, and east half of the northeast 

the largest farm in Douglas county — three quarter of section 34, township 15, range 10. 

thousand and one hundred acres. In 1834 S. and R. S. Williams entered large 

I. W. Burgett lived in this township for bodies of land, taking all of section 9, township 

more than forty years, and controlled about 14, range 10, and the school section. Joseph 

sixteen hundred acres of land, all of which P. Winkler. March 11, 1835, took northeast 

had been accumulated since his residence there, quarter of the northeast quarter of section 7, 

He represented his township for about six township 15, range 14. Daniel Landers, 1836, 

consecutive years as supervisor, antl afterward November 30, northwest quarter of the south- 

for four years more. Mr. Burgett died of west quarter of section 14, townsliip 15, range 

typhoid fever February 13, 1884. He was 10. Snowden Sargent, 1835, November 13, 

fifty-five years of age, and had resided in the northwest quarter of the northwest quarter of 

state forty-five years. He was a man of gixid section i, township 14, range 10, and other 

appearance and fine business ability. lands. Daniel Miller, May 24, 1837, entered 

Other early settlers were the Reddings, east half of the .southwest quarter of section 1 1, 

Samuel Allison — Casebeer, B. F. Coykendall, township 15, range 10, and Reuben Donalds, 

William Hancock and W. F. Murphy. 1837, February 22. and May 29, northeast 

phus Redding was born in Edgar county in fjuarter of the southwest quarter of section i, 

1829, and came to this region in 1831, when township 14, range 10, and east half of tlie 

two years of age. Samuel Allison arrived in northeast quarter of section 6, township 14, 

1853, since deceased. Coykendall arrived in range 14. Henry K. Potts .settled in this town- 

1847, and I. W. Burgett in 1839. W. F. Mur- ship in 1856. Robert Matson, 1835, April 20, 

phy bought his first land here in 1850. entered northwest quarter of section 22, town- 


sliip It, range 10; in 1837, tlie nortlieast ti) '■Rrusliy Fork." wliicli is the only post office 

quarter of the northwest quarter of section 27, in the township. 

township 15, range 10, and in 1839, May 27, A jjroposed city called Columbus was reg- 
the east half of the northeast quarter of section ularly laid out in February, 1841, on the land 
21, township 15, range 10. There is some ac- of James H. Hicks, on the west side of the east 
count of him in Bowdre township (q. v.). In half of the northeast quarter of section 35, 
18^7, Tnne 28, Isaac Wells, north half of the townshi]) 15 north, of range 10 east, and con- 
southeast quarter of section 7, township 15, tained about forty acres. The land was en- 
range 10. Same year, June i, John Hopping, tered by Eli Sargent October 29, 1830. The 
southwest quarter of the northeast quarter of town was surveyed by S. Sconce, Coles county 
sectin 33, townshi]) 15, range 10. Jonathan sur\'eyor, for Hicks, who does not appear to 
W. Powers entered, in 1849 to 1857, the south have had any deed tn the land, 
half of the northeast quarter of section 5, town- County office holders. — Residents, both 
ship 14, range 14, and other lands. Cornelius former and present, of this township h;i\e had 
Hopkins took the mirthwest quarter of the nnich to do with the public business. William 
southeast quarter or section 7, township 15, Hancock was the first assessor and treasurer 
range 14. and other lands, August 23, 1849; of the new county, having been elected with the 
and Robert Albin, on March 4, 1850, entered first corps of officers in 1859. James H. Shaw- 
the northeast quarter of tlie southeast quarter of ban was elected sheriff in 187 1, to fill the unex- 
section 7, township 15, range 14, and subse- pired term of Cooper, of Bourlion township, 
quently other lands, 'inhere are few if any en- who had disappeared in company with Bourbon 
tries in the years intervening between 1840 and townshi]) fluids. I. W. liurgett was the first 
1841;. supervisor. 

The railroad crosses the southwest part of 

the township, entering at the west side of sec- ml'RDOCK township. 
tion <;, tiiwnship 14, range 10, and Ica\ing 

at east side of section 15, same townshi]), where Erection, etc. — In years, area and ]i<)i)ula- 
it crosses the Embarrass river on a substantial tion, com])ared with the other ])olitical sub- 
bridge of some six hundred feet in length. This (Hvisions of Douglas county. Miu'dock town- 
road got no subsiih- f n im the tinvnshiit. The shi]) ranks number nine and last, ha\'ing been 
Toledo, Cincinnati iV St. Louis Railroad crosses created at the December meeting of the .board 
the southeast corner in section 4, townshi]) 14, of su])er\isors in 1882. 

range 14, having been constructctl along here The ]>etition for the new townshi]) was 

ill 1881. closely followed by a counter])etilion in the 

I'illages, etc. — There is no trading point slia])e of a remonstrance leading to a warm 

of com])arative imi)ortance in the townshi]), the discussion of the "pros and cons," it being held 

business of the ])eoi)le, with regard to ,shi])ping and strenuously maintained that the board held 

d i:)0St office, going jurisdiction only of the inhabitants of the ])ro- 



posed new territory, and not of those out of 
whose area tlie new townsliip was to he made. 
This nice distinction evolved from the ingenuity 
of the attorneys, cUd not, liowever, prevail; the 
matter was taken to the circuit court on appeal, 
and at the Octoher term, 1883, the action of the 
l)oard heing confirmed, Murdock became an 
independent township. The name of the town- 
ship was given in compliment to John D. Mur- 
dock, an old resident yet li\-ing (see sketch)- 

lis area. — The area is made up from 
twenty-two square miles of territory, which 
were generously donated by the township of 
Camargo on the west, and about se\'en from 
Newman, which lie upon the east side. It in- 
cludes the west twenty-four sections of town- 
ship 16 north, of range 10 east, of third prin- 
cipal meridian, and sections 2, 3, 4 and 5 of 
township 15 north, of range 10 east, compris- 
ing twenty-eight regular sections, containing, 
according to the United States government 
survey, 30.65 square miles, the same being 
19,617.61 acres, being the smallest township 
in the county. 

With regard to the first entries of lands in 
this township, while there were some very early 
entries, most of the lands, being all prairie, 
were taken up along about 1852-53, which 
years seem to have been at the close of a period 
in which the government lands were tempor- 
arily withdrawn from sale pending the location 
of the Illinois Central Railroad and its selec- 
tions of lands witliin the six-mile limit, which 
limit was afterward extended to fifteen miles 
to enable the road to supply the quantity i_)f 
lands not found in the first limit. The latter 
extended limit takes in all of Murdock. 

On February 2^, 1853, William Cline en- 

tered the east half of the southeast quarter of 
section 2, township 15, range 10. This is the 
extreme southeast eighty acres in the townshii). 
The first entry made was by James Brewer 
June 18, 1847; 'le entered lot No. 2 of the 
northwest (|uarter of section 31, township 16, 
range 10, and Samuel Roderick took the south- 
east quarter of section 30, township 16, range 
10, in 1849. J- Y. Campbell entered se\eral 
tracts, as alsD Jdhn Tenbrook and the Baileys, 
1852 to 1855. 


This village, established antl named before 
the township was made, is situated generally 
on the north side of the I. D. & W. railroad, 
and between it and the east and west half-mile 
line of section t,;^. township 16 north, range 
10 east. It was laid oft' by the I\Iurdi_icks in 
September, 1881. It was shortly afterward 
followed by an addition made by R. F. Helm 
on the north side of the east and west public 
road. The railroad has a reserve on the north 
side of its track, about eighty rods long and 
one hundred and twenty-five feet wide, and a 
right-of-way on the south side of fifty feet; a 
roomy side track is estabhshed which gives 
ample facilities to shippers in the \icinity. 

Mr. S. Ba.xter purchased a few acres di- 
rectly east of the village, where he erectetl 
several neat tenant houses which assist in gi\-- 
ing Murdock tlie air of quite a busy place; this 
is further assisted by the elevator erected by 
the Murdocks in 1878, and later by Fred P. 
Rush & Co., of Indianapolis. 

The Methodists, with their pro\-erbial zeai, 
erected a substantial church here, and finished 


it in October, i88_', ahout as soon as the town ship, formerly of Sargent, was elected sheriff 

was laid ont. It has a steeple and a ninety- in 1871, and also served several years wilh 

dollar hell, the cost of the strnctnre heing in all credit as highway commissioner, 

abont eighteen hundred and fifty dollars. The sur\e\-ors appointed by the court in 

Fairland is a new and thriving village in October, 1871, were Edmund l-'ish, of Areola; 

the northwest part of the township. It contains H. C. Niles, of Tu.scola, and A. H. Guy, of 

several first-class stores, good church and \'ermilion county. They worked a week at it 

school. The l)usiness men are mostly young and reported to court. The case was tried 

men and are thoroughly in touch with the ad- three times for various reasons, and finally .set- 

vance of the times. It has one l)ank, the Fair- tied down to the lines made Ity the commi.s- 

land Exchange Bank, which was recently sioners. Mr. Is.sachar Davis, surveyor in the 

founded by John (juinn (see .sketch ). neighborhood, gave the bo.-u'd valuable and 

The first township ofiicers were: Su])er- willing assistance. The confusion mostly arose 
visor, David Smith; as.sessor, W. C. Whallcu; originally from a proven nnstake of the <jrig- 
collector. R. F. Helm; justice, S. Baxter, And inal government surveyors, they having left 
in the distribution of county officers Alurdock two corners on the range line, which they re- 
has had a share. Among those who live wilh- corded as twenty-two rods apart, while, iden- 
in the present bounds, JNIr. John D. .Murdoch, tified, they proved to be only six rods apart, 
from whom the township was named, was The writer has seen the original figures made 
elected in 1859 one of the first two associate by the government surveyor, and the i)roof on 
justices of the county, and was re-elected in the grouml. The controversy arose from the 
1861. This was. of course, prior to townshi]) situation of a thirty-five-acre piece belonging 
organization. The county board consisted of to John Brown, which the surveyors in their 
a judge and two associate judges. Mr. Mur- re])ort dubbed the "John Brown tract." This 
dock served his first term with James Irving, whole contro\crsy was conducted by the inter- 
of Areola, as judge, the other associate being ested parties with a m;uilv and fair spirit, much 
Robert Hopkins, of Xewman. In his second sujjerior to the temper usually ni.-nufesled on 
term, he was with F. t". Mullen, of Garrett. ;is such occasions; though Sliiloh Gill says that 
judge, and Calel) r.ales. of Arcol;i. .'IS the other he and lirown had worn out a certain fence 
associate. It was \iuiler the care and m;ni;ige lour times in trx'ing to coiifdrm to ilie \arious 
nient ot the Last n.'uned board that the court opinions of its true place, h'ach moved the 
house was contracted for and begun. A large fence every time the other fellow got a new 
part of the business of this day. the e.arly days wrinkle from anybody, and the surveying busi- 
of the county, was the location of new public ness in the close neighborhood was good until 
roa<ls. The board wiiuld a])i)oint three comnns- llie c<imnn'ssion sur\-eyors came along and 
sioners, one always the surveyor, to view the spoiled the job. 
road, and rei)ort at next term. There w;is (|uile 
an epidemic of roads these times. tl'scol.v .vnd tuscoi..\ township. 

James H. .Shawhan. now of the new town- Origin of llic uaiiic. — The name of this 



township is derived from that of the city, but 
the origin of it is involved in obscurity, the 
most dihgent in<|uiry liaving failed to disclose 
its source, or to draw out any account of it 
which promised satisfaction. Tlascala in Mex- 
ico, Tusculum, in Italy, and Tuscaloosa, Ala- 
bama, etc., have been suggested as possible 
bases for a guess, but have yielded no convic- 
tion. The idea that the name is of Indian ori- 
gin has been generally fallen back upon as the 
only hopeful solution, in which the anxious 
inquirers are joined by a prominent citizen of 
a county of the same name in Michigan. 
Township organization was adopted in 1867 
and inaugurated in 1868. Joseph B. McCown, 
of Camargo, H. B. Evans, of Tuscola, and L. 
McAllister, of Areola, were appointed by the 
county court to divide the county into more 
convenient political subdivisions. 

The railroads. — The township is traversed 
by the Chicago branch of the Illinois Central 
Railroad, running about north and south, di- 
viding it into nearly equal parts. The road 
enters at the northeast quarter of section 3, 
township 16, range 8, and leaves at south line 
of section 10, township 15, range 8, and is a 
straight line tJirough the county, varying from 
true north, however, about seven degrees; that 
is to say, it bears to the right just about forty 
njds to the mile. 

This road has a right of way two hundred 
feet wide through the township, which reserve 
is inclosed for the most part with a substantial 
fence as required by law, and occupies twenty- 
four acres of land for every mile it traverses, 
being in the aggregate two hundred and forty 
acres in the township ; the difference to land 
tax payers along the line of the road was an 
item of importance and resisted, until by con- 

sent, as it were, the railroad reserve was grad- 
ually eliminated from the acres of the adjoining 
land owner. 

The township is also intersected by the St. 
Louis branch of the Indianapolis, Bloomington 
& Western Railroad, which runs east and west 
through it, along, very nearly, the middle line of 
the south tier of sections in township 16 north, 
range 8 east, crossing the Illinois Central Rail- 
road at Tuscola. The road was finished 
through the township in 1872; was chartered 
under the name of the Indiana & Illinois Cen- 
tral in 1852, and as Decatur & Indianapolis 
was legalized in 1853; it remained, however, 
under the name of Indiana & Illinois Central 
until 1876, when upon re-organization it re- 
ceived the name of Indianapolis, Decatur & 
Springfield, and finally was known as the St. 
Louis branch of the Indianapolis, Bloomington 
& Western, having been leased to that corpora- 
tion for ninety-nine years. The road is now 
known as the I. D. & W. 

A road was surveyed from Tuscola City 
northeastward, to be called the Danville, Tus- 
cola & Western, which was instituted by Tus- 
cola people. The preliminary surveying was 
begun in January, 1872, under the direction of 
James Davis, Esq., assisted by Thomas E. 
Bundy, the attorney for the road, the chief en- 
gineer being H. C. Niles. A year was con- 
sumed in the location and in trying to meet the 
wishes of everybody, and grading was for the 
greater part completed nearly to Danville; but 
the panic of 1872-73 calling a halt, and the 
railway business generally receiving a sudden 
check, it was found impossible to build the 
road with the means at command. It was 
subsequently completed and is now known as 
the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad. 



Early cnlrics of laud and firsi settlers. — • 
Being all prairie, the towiishi]) was of the latest 
settled, the tirst comers, as a general rule, keep- 
ing close to the timber for its seeming protec- 
tion. The prairie was considered a bleak, bar- 
ren waste, unfit for habitation or cultivation, 
the magnificent richness of the soil not being 
appreciated by men accustomed to hilly wood- 
lands. The timber was con\enient for fuel, 
building and fencing, and men clung to it, for 
it was considered injudicious to exjjose one's 
self and family to the full sweep of the winter 
storms and the annual and really (Jangerous 
jjrairie fires. 

The first entries of land we find are about as 
follows: Sigler H. Lester. December 5. 1836, 
entered west half of the northwest (piarter of 
section 30, town 16, range 8; John Hammer, 
May, 1837, north half of the northwest quarter 
of section 18, town lO, range 8; 1837, July 22, 
Jacob ]Moore took lot .2, southwest (piarter of 
section 30, town 16, range 8; the l)ulk of the 
lands entered l)y him were si.x miles south; 
June 19, 1838, Thomas Lewis entered lot 2. 
southwest fpiarter of section 18. town I'l, range 
8; 1837. Samuel Lester, on lots 3 and 4. north- 
east tpiarter of section 6, town 15. range 8, 
and other large lands: 1S49, William Brian, 
niirth half of the mirtheast cpiarter of section 
icj, town 16, range 8. Mr. ilistributed 
his lands among his children, otherwise lie 
would have been the l.'trgest land owner in the 
county. JMost of the Land entries were matlc in 
1852-53. Up to that time it appears that there 
was a check upon settlements of Lands by en- 
try, or rather the buying of such lands, the dis- 
trict for the most i)art being withdrawn from 
sale i)ending the location of the Illinois Central 
I'iailroad, and its selection of the lands granted 

it by government. In 1853 II. Sandford en- 
tered the northeast (piarter of section 33, town 
16, range 8, which adjoins Tuscola on the west, 
and in the ])almy days was lirmly lield at one 
hundred dollars per acre. Amongst the active 
and i)rominent of earlier settlers, as farmers 
and cattle men, were C). C. and M. V. Ilackett, 
Owen J. Jones and Joseph W. Smith in the 
south i)art, and in the north B. F. Boggs, Ben- 
ham Xelson, George P. Phinney and Caleb Gar- 
rett, He emigrated from the adjoining town- 
ship of (iarrett in 1874. .\mple notes of the 
career and infiuence of many of these gentle- 
men will be found elsewhere in this volume. 

The si.xteenth section in every congressional 
township was, by law, set ai)art for sale for the 
use of schools, and so sold l)y the state. It was 
re(]uired to be surveyed into lots, the utility of 
which is not clear, as the government subdi- 
visions would have answered every purpose of 

Section 16, t(jwn 16 north, range 8 east, in 
Tuscola t(3wnship, was divided into sixteen lots, 
e;ich lot being one of the original ffirty-acre 
tracts; the numbering Ijegan in the northeast 
corner ;ind ended in the southeast. The ])ur- 
chases were made in 1857. W. P. Carter took 
si.x of them ; T. G. Chambers two ; J. l'~. Parcels 
four; Le Poy Wiley four. Idiere is no record 
aulhiirit_\' in Douglas county i'or the number- 
ing, the only guide lieing the \arious coiu'ey- 
ances. which, however, generally give the num- 
ber of the li}t as well as the regular subdivision. 

First to'i^'ii /iicctiii!^. — The first town meet- 
ing after townshi]) organization was held at 
'I'uscola in 1808. The meeting was called to 
order by W. H. Lamb; S. D. Stevenson was 
elected moderator and C. F. Lamb clerk. A 
committee of five was appointed to di\-i(le the 



townslii]) intij road districts. It was made up 
of G. P. Phinney, A. Mc NeiH, J. McGinniss, 
James Jester ami Josiah McKee. The place of 
this meeting is not given, but it was arranged 
that the next should be held at J. B. Hart's 
store, northeast corner of Central avenue and 
Parke street. Here O. C. Hackett was elected 
the first supervisor, with a majority of only 
one vote over W. B. Ervin. Thomas E. Bundy 
exceeded the vote of H. C. Sluss by six votes. 
C. H. Griffith was elected assessor by getting 
iwo votes more than J. H. Purdy, and S. Pad- 
dleford was made the first collector, defeating 
C. F. Lamb by fifty-eight votes. J. M. Ephlin 
was the first constable and was chosen at this 
election. W. H. Wood was the first justice of 
the peace. The first commissioners of high- 
ways, and who were elected on this occasion, 
were Benham Nelson, Noah Ammen and W. 

The original fozuii of Tuscola. — The orig- 
inal town is bounded on the west by the Illinois , 
Central Railroad, and extends eastward to 
Niles avenue, which is the north and south 
center line of section 34, and is the street upon 
which stand the schoolhouse and Methodist 
church. This avenue was begun by Mr. Can- 
non in his addition to Tuscola, with the gen- 
erous width of seventy-five feet, but unfor- 
tunately the sin-veyor or proprietor of subse- 
quent additions saw fit to cut it down to sixty 
feet. The bound of the original town on the 
south is the south line of the section at the 
township line, and it is met on the north by 
Winston's addition, which is one-quarter of a 

mile wide. 

IVinston's addition. — The first addition to 
Tuscola was made by A. B. Newkirk, of Chi- 
cago, and consists of the north half of north- 

west quarter of section 34, township 16 north, 
of range 8 east, and was surveyed by H. C. 
Niles, the county surveyor, in August, 1859, 
assisted by Henry Beach, who afterward built 
the first Beach House. The blocks in this ad- 
dition, nearly four hundred feet square, are di- 
vided generally into four lots, which all lay 
square with the world, except at the railroatl. 
The streets are of the generous width of sixty- 
six feet, being six feet wider than those of the 
original town, upon which they join. No street 
was made between this and the original town. 
JVaiiisley & Cannon's addition. — In the 
spring of i860 William Wamsley, with J. 
G. Cannon as manager, laid off into lots and 
blocks the southwest quarter of the southeast 
quarter of section 34, town 16 north, range 8 
east, making sixteen blocks, the west tier of 
which was subdivided into quarters, the sur- 
veying of which was done by Niles. Niles 
avenue, on the west, was named in compliment 
to the surveyor and is seventy-five feet wide, 
as also is the next avenue east. Both of these 
beautiful streets have been spoiled by the mis 
taken economy, or perhaps want of informa- 
tion, of the proprietors of the subsequent addi- 
tions on the north, when they suddenly fell to 
a width of sixty feet, and not only that, but no 
regard or attention was paid to the abutting 
streets in the prior addition; the result is the 
streets, as it were, hit nowhere even, the lot 
bounds do not "line," and the people find fault 
with the surveyors when shown the facts. 

Kelly's addition. — Kelly's addition (by the 
way, there is never any "first" addition), No- 
vember 13, 1 86 1, followed by his second De- 
cember 30, 1S64, consists of the southwest 
quarter of the northeast quarter and the north- 
west quarter of the southeast (quarter of section 



J4, town 16, range 8, eiglity acres, and was sur- di-ed; H. F>. I[\ans was the enumerator. At 

\eyed by E. C. Siler. county surveyor. In the the tenth census. 1880, tlie population was about 

first addition. liowe\er. lie was the deputy ot the same; within th.'it decade the city had not 

Niles. The lots were made large, to meet a progressed much in the \\a\- of extending areas 

seeming demand for such, among which streets, or erecting new buildings. While |)rogi-ess in 

lanes and alleys were \ery scarce. The progress this respect has not been obser\e<l. it is notable 

of the times has e\'entually forceil through sev- that 'i'uscola is one of the neatest and best- 

eral highways. Robert Kelly, of Indiana, was ke|)t \illages in the ]);irt of the st.ate. 

the i)rojector of these .additions, lie \\;is a I'oiu'teen miles of sul)stantial sidewalk, a Large 

Ouak"er of standing ;m<I nuich liusiness .aliihty. part of which is eight and twehe feet wide. 

Mal/wrs' uddition. — The next addition conduct the exploring stranger dr\--sho(] to 

made was called Mathers' northeast .addition, churches, school houses, etc.. in fact, t.ake him 

and comprised the cast h.alf of the northeast au\'where, except to a saloon. Careful and 

(piarter and the northwest (|uarter of the north- systematic attention has been gi\en to sanit.a- 

east (|uarter ol section 34. town I'l north, r.ange tion. ami breaches of the ])ul)lic peace .are r.are. 

8 cast, one humlred .and twenty acres. It was The census of i8(jo gives Tuscola eighteen liun- 

sur\eyed July u. 18(14. by V.. C. .Silcr, county dred and ninely-se\en .and it has a present po|)- 

surveyor. under the ]iroprictoi-ship of John ul.ation of about three thousand. 

AI,athei"s. who prexionsly ;ici|uireil .an inter- luirix rvrnls. — The lir>t house which .ap- 

est in the Lands of the Tow n Comp,an\ . ]ieared in Tuscol.a a part of the ])resent 

The greater ]i.aia ol ibis ,additi(in was Laid mU dwelling of TlKnnas S. .Sluss. at tlie northwest 

into lots or blocks, coiu.aunug in gross .about corner of Main .and 1 ).agg\' streets. It was 

ten .acres, ;nid since ln'cn used almost ex- pl.aced there b\- William (handler, who h.auled 

clusixely lor l.arming Lands. 'I'he streets in this it from the close neighborhood of llourbon. 

portion ol 'l'usco];i di 1 n( it coulorm to those in lie occupied it .awhile and soLJ it. building sub- 

ihe tiiwn. not only being of differeiU seipieiUK' the dwelling now st.anding directly 

widths. lnU ilo not f.airl_\- meet the cast, 

streets. dbi' lirst house built ilu' store .at the 

Ccnirliiis' (uldilion. — Cornelius" .addition r.ailroad. on tlu' north side of !^ale street, long 

consists of abotit IwetUv acia's of laud in the since gone. .Siniou (i. ILassetl. briither of I )r. 

southwest coiaier ol the secti(jn, being .a re- II. J. Il.assett. of Tuscola, the hrsi post- 

ser\ed |)oiaion of tlu' town .and m.aster .as well as expix'ss .and lieiglit .ageiU. 

lying east of the Illinois Centr;d R.' and The sec .nd house huh w .as eia'cted on I'aike 

north of the south line of the section. The lots street, cast si(k', near the pieseni brick', snuth 

,are ol gi md ,a\er,age si/e. with .a location not ol .Sale street; it was]int up by A. I,. ()tis. 

\ery desirable. It was Laid out b\- 1'. S. Cor- Tlu' third house built the residence of 

nelius .and sur\e\ed b\- .\iles August K). 1870. W Iv. erected on the northwest cor- 

Pii/^iihit!i)ii iiinl cinniitiiiu. — The popul.ation ner of <a\enue .and Alain street, whence 

of the city in 1870 ]il,aced ,at tifteen hun- it was removed. Thomas Woody was the t.a- 



ther of A. M. Woody, wlio served as mayor of 
the city for the four years ending- in April, 
1883. Tliomas Woody was an active Metli- 
odist. and hefore tlie day of churches he and 
his wife, with A. G. Wallace and wife, associ- 
ated with Mrs. Dr. Bassett and Mrs. Kuhn, 
were the only church people in the place who 
had any aptitude for conducting religious 
exercises. Class and prayer meetings were 
held m Mr. Woody "s house for several years 
after Mr. Woody's arrival. He died in No- 
vemher, 1883. with full honors. 

The tirst child horn in the place was Miss 
May Wallace, daughter of .\. G. Wallace. 
Mrs. Has. Moore, iicc May Chandler, daugh- 
ter of William Chandler, moved here from 
Bourbon at the age of six years. 

The first store was a grocery, built on the 
north side of the court house square by B. F. 
Lewis, now a farmer northwest of town. The 
next was probably the drug store of Dr. J. W. 
Wright, which was located in the present one- 
and-a-half-story dwelling, now standing di- 
rectly east of the old court house. These 
two proprietors were compelled to yield to 
the logic of events, both eventually pulling uj> 
stakes and moving down into town. The 
Lewis store was removed bodily to State 
street. The stock was bought by J. M. Ephlin 
and A. M. Woody, and was the foundation of 
the large Woody & Russell grocery store. Dr. 
Wright built a store and dwelling combined on 
the southwest corner of Main street and Cen- 
tral avenue, where he had sole control of the 
drug business until 1865. He finally went to 
California, being succeede<l in his business by 
Dr. |. A. Field, who occupied the old stand 
tor a while, and afterward removed to his 

brick at the southeast corner of Parke and Sale 
streets, which he built in 1882. H. C. Niles, 
w ho had been bred to the drug trade, opened a 
new drug store, in 1865 at the southeast cor- 
ner of Avenue and Main streets in company 
with E. C. Siler. The latter sold out to Niles, 
who joined C. A. Davis on the north side of 
Sale street, in a building which was destroyed 
in one of the great fires, which occurred in 
October, 1881. The house stood the second 
door directly west of Goff's marble works, 
which is the first establishment ui the kind per- 
manently located at this city. Mr. R. Gruelle 
was in the drug business for a few years ; also 
E. L. Smith, who sold out to Benton, and he to 
Foster, who is yet in the business. E. L. 
Smith, after lea\ing the drug business, began 
the practice of law, and in 1878 he committed 
suicide by cutting his throat in his office, up 
stairs at the southeast corner of Parke and Sale 
streets. The real causes of his self "taking 
off" were never known, l)Ut were supposed to 
be business troubles and bodily disease. 

William H. Russell and A. M. Woody in- 
stituted, in 1859, the first permanent grocery 
house in the place, succeeding J. M. Iqjhlin, 
beginning with scant means, on the north side 
of Sale street. The house was long and favor- 
ably known as "Woody & Russell," and the 
])artnership remained undisturbed until Xo- 
vember, 1874, a period of fifteen years, when it 
was dissohed Ijy nuitual consent and mutual 
good will. Mr. Russell tlied in June, 1876; 
he was hum North Carolina, whence he re- 
mo\etl to Indiana, arri\ing at Tuscola in 1859. 
\\ ith the exception of serving as school director 
and a term or two in the city council, Russell 
had not been in public office. The impress of 


liis cliaracler ii])cin tlie old .-md new institutions sold to Lodge & Mintnrn. who ke])t store for 

of the city is permanently i^ood, and will not he a wiiiie in the stand nuw (n\-n])ied hy tlie Evans 

quickly forgotten. grocery. Mr. Helton's insur;nice business 

S. (1. Bassett, hacked In' .\lonzr) Lyons, increased rapidly, and he hccame. perhaps, tlie 
hegan business on the north side of Sale street leading insurance man in the central of 
at the railroad in 1859, and ahout these days the state, representing a large number of com- 
Elijah McCarty built (piite a large two-story ixanies, and well posted in all that ])ertains to 
warehouse on the south side of the same street, this branch of the Inisiness. He helped to run 
also at the railroad. The former building is the first brass band, like the others for amuse- 
long since gone; tlie other remains as part of ment onl_\-, and was a cornet player of some 
the large elevator of R. &. J. Ervin. The post distinction. 

office was here then, with W. T. French as hicorponition. — October 11, 1859, an elec- 
postmaster. McCarty in those days was one tion by the citizens was held for and against 
of the largest farm operators, handling about incorpor;ition. The names of all the voters 
four thousand acres of railroad land for ;i were; William Chandler, 1. J. Il.alstea<l, Mich- 
wealthy tirm in Kentucky. He w;is large- ael Xoel, .\. L. Otis, ]". !•". .Xesbil, I'. Xoel, 
hearted. liber;d and profuse, and coutrollet! a .\. J. (inrman, James II. 1 l.arrison, j.ames 
great aninunt of nionev for ye;u's. The i)ar- ]);i\is, A. (I. Wallace, Juhn Ch;uiillei', ,\. \'an 
ties, h(i\\e\er, dis|)osed of the bands, ;md iMc- Dereu, Thomas WddiK- and Joseph (1. ('.annim. 
Carty. after becoming in\iil\ed, went to St. The \'ole for incor])or;ition stood twebe; 
Louis, and died much reduceil in fin.ancial ag.tinst, (wo; total fomleen. .Mr. Harrison 
strength. He was once a candidate lor con- a pi'oininent slo\e and hardw.are m:in, 
gress in this <listrict. ilrst on a\enue, in the store now occu- 

i\. (1. \\';dl;ice started the first pied bv Tx'ler in the s.anie business; afterw.ard 
real estate otVice, after leaving the circuit clerk's in ;i t\\ii-stor\- building which stood on the 
])osition. Others been i)rominent in the ])resent site of l^c's shoe store. This build- 
line in connection with their cui'rent business. ing was remo\-ed to the north side of the 
.Mr. Wallace succeeded by 1'. ('. .Sloan, a\enne, to a ])l;ice direclh' e.ast ol the present 
also a former clerk' and reeordt'r, ni which he ( )pei','i block, ,'iiid "wi'iit np" in the great lii'e 
was joined by .\. .\. iMcKee, but they are n( isv of iXj^^. .Mi'. Il.-iirison was a leading cili/eii, 
dissolved in business. h.-id much to do with the mstilutions (d the 

The insui'.'ince business w.'is not taken up as |il.'ice, ami later w;is president of the .\';ition,'d 

a regular occupation until i,Sr)5(i(i, wlu'ii W'. I'.'uik .'it l'";Lrnier Cit\'. J.nnes l);i\is was of 

1'. Cannon, who locally ri'prescnted .'i I'lrge the linn of |),'i\is iS.- binnev. gr.'iin dealers, and 

numl)er of comi)anies in connection with other ser\ed as m;i\'or of the cit\'. John Ch,'uidler 

Inisiness, Sold out to .\. I'. 1 Icltoii, who arrived has a brgi' f;n'ni e.'isl of town, was the first 

from liloomington, Indian.'i. in iSdj. .Mr. ioiint\ clerk. ;nid li;id ,'ni .•LCti\e ;mil nselnl 

Helton kept a l.'irge b.'U'dw. 'ire store on the south p;u'' m ihe format ion of the lu'wcounty. iMaj. 

side of the avenue for a nninlna' of vears, .'md \','m I )eren is \v\ a resident .iiid ;i f;irmer. Mr. 


Cannon removed to Danville. Of the others, Sluss, city clerk and attorney. August 15, 

Messrs. Halstead, Noels, Otis and Nesbft 1870, the city attorney was ordered to dismiss 

rer,io\e<l ; W ilhani Chandler, a carpenter and the suit of the city against Niles & Dryer, 

builder, died here, as also Mr. Wallace and druggists, defendants paying attorneys' fees. 

Thomas Woody. This was a suit for not reporting .sales of 

Cit\< Charter. — The city charter is dated liquors for the past two months, the ordinance 

March it, 1859. The lirst mayor was James requiring such report, which was to contain the 

H. MartJi, with a council consisting of I. L. name of the purchaser, ciuantity sold and pur- 

Jortlan, R, Price, M. Pugh and \X. Taggart. jjose used for. The firm was not prosecuted for 

Mr. Jorda'i. formerly a farmer in Garrett town- selling liquor, but for not reporting sales. At 

ship, w;'< sheriff of the county. Price, though this meeting, J. C. Walker moved the remission 

a large land owner in the count}', is now a non- of the fine, which was promptly seconded bv 

rc^ident. Pugh, a wagon-maker, has latelv re- James Da\is, and the resolution was carried, 

moved, and Col. Taggart, after honorable serv- In 1865 the board was in session, contemplat- 

ice in the war of 1861, and serving two terms ing serious restrictions upon the druggist 

as sheriff remains a citizen, luider the liquor sales, and stirring s])eeches were made 

firm name of Taggart & Williams, in the fur- pro an<l con. the last of which was made by a 

nitiu'e business. In the war record in this \ol- druggist, who ])roduced as his tinal argument 

nme will be found a more particular notice of a large bottle of old London Dock Gin, which, 

tliDse who served as soldiers. Mr. James H. after placing on the table uinler the noses of 

AlcU'tm resigned the mayoraltv in June, 1870, the board, he gracefully retired, amid hnul and 

partly liecause of ill health, and p.artly because contiiuied ai)|)lanse. The ])rop(.)setl resolution 

of ineligibility; he li\'ed outside the corpora- was also laid on the table. 

tif)n, owning land just beyond the northeast Hatr/.w — The first boartling house or hotel 

corner of the town. With a view of correcting was kept by .\. G. W'allace. This building 

the matter, he had a small .additinn [n the city was a large '■story-and-a-half" house, situateil 

matle and reconled, which was situ.ited in the just about where the bank now stands on the 

soutliwest corner of section twenty-six, town- A\-enue. Mr. Wallace had arrived in the 

ship Id. range eight, but no lots were sold, and county in 1S41, and sto]iped at a place, then 

it was linally (lrci])pe(!. .\lr. .Martin was from widely known as the "W.allace stand," west of;!, resided in Tuscola fcir ;ib(int six years iiickurv Grove, in the southeast part of tlT^ 

in the practice of the law. lie died Nosember county. He removed to Camargo in 1854, 

15, 1871, and was buried at Caiuargo, with and in 1856 to Tuscola, where he kejjt hotel as 

iM;iS(inic hduors. Tibove for alxnit two years. He. was deeply 

Tnsc(il;i is doubtless the first city in the interested in and was one ><{ the most active 

state organized under the general incorporation workers for the foundation of the new county, 

act, which tof)k effect July i. 1872. In 1870 He was the first justice of the peace elected in 

Thomas .S. Sluss presided as mayor ; alderman Tuscola, 1858. and in 1859 was elected the 

present. J. C. Walker and James Dilly; A. H. first circuit clerk .and recorder. He was con- 


tiiiuonsly re-elected until he had served four hnards and was the "fair ,t;r(iund" nf the hrsr 

cimsecutive terms of four years each. Upon Dout^Ias county fair. The old court house was 

retirins;- from tlie office, he conchicted for sev- used for a "'lloral hall," as it were, and ;i hand 

era! years a real estate and loan office, and was and speakers' stand had heeu erected in theuorth 

always an active and leadin.i;- memher of the side of the s(|uare. K. McCartv. Caleh ( larrctt 

Methodist Epi.scopal church. Mr. Wallace ,ind Ira j. 1 lalslead, secretarv, were the m;in- 

tlied on the Jjth of July, 1879. agers. The first dance was held in the room 

The Beach House began an existence as a over ni>rthcast corner of I'arkeand .S.ilc streets, 

boarding lH)Use on the southeast corner of where .Mrs. John Mailison danced the fust si-t 

Ensey and Parke streets. It was then under the with Joseph G. Cannon, 'fhis old court house 

contluct of Henry Beach. He huilt the first was, on its completion, hailed with joy hy all 

Beach House on the site of the present hotel of who believed in wholesale .sociahilitv. Parties, 

the same name. Some time after his death, balls and dances were frequent and enjoyable, 

the first hotel was burne(.l to the ground, about The first was the celebration of the finishing of 

1869, and rebuilt by Mrs. Beach in 1870. She the building liy a well-attended dance. This 

was succeeded by her son-in-law. W. Kissel, was in iSOr. 

who is just completing a \ery fine and com- The first session of circuit court was held 

modious brick hotel. in the fall of ]><y). in the then just linished 

The Hotel Douglas which wasopenetl to the depot building of the 1. ( '. 1\. K.. and the \ery 

traveling public .\pril K), \H<)I). is by odds the first civil case on the docket was Bnllou \s. 

best all arounil eipii])ped hotel in 1 >ouglas conn- Johnson,: default of defend.inl ,in<I indgmcnt 

ty, and in l)y far tlie best location. The ])eo|)le t'or $3._'o. This was an .ipitcd from Dr. |. T. 

of Tuscola and Douglas county owe a debt of Johnson, ;i magislr.ale in the \illage of I'.our- 

gratitude as well as best wishes and their pat- hon. Dr. Johnson w;is a well-known pr.ictic- 

ron;ige to Mr. and Mrs. John Whitlaker for ing ])hysician ;uid "Si|iiiic" in the west end, ;it 

constructing this po])ular inn, foi- it is reason- the lime of the formation of the new count\-, 

ably .sate to say had they not built it 'fuscoki and .along about 1803 u(,-nt west. Circnil court 

would be without a decent hotel today. was ne.\t held in the second storv of the btuld- 

The lirst hotel was built on the northeast ing now occupied b\- ( leorgc Smith, the same 

corner of Main and Ibmghton streets, by the i)lace where J. M. Maris pre\iousl\' held forth 

Town company. .\ large two-story fr.une, it as ;i grocer, 'fhis was the largest a\ail;ible 

was tor a few years the only hotel and in court room in the place at that time, and was useil I'or 

sea.son a lively place. It was constructed by all ])nblic meetings until Ihc so-called court 

M. C. I'llkin, who was an old resident, 'fhis house w;is built in 1801. At this time A. ( i. 

hotel was Ininicd in 1804. ,-uid icbnill by the, the circuit clerk, had his office in the 

insurance company. It was then called the same bmlding on S.ale sired, and the county 

"Tuscola House." clerk occupied a room in the 'fuscola House, 

Otiicr early ci'cnts. — The pre.seiU coiui the two story hotel in I longhloii street, here- 

liouse square had Ijeen fenceil in with common tofore mentionetl. 


'I"hc first school house erected in Tuscola 1862; dour mill. 1863: ucwspaper. 1858; first 
was a oue-story frame, which cost five humireil hank, t8():;: first court house. 1861. The 
dollars, aud was huilt in 1858. Amongst the names of the first \illage Ixard were: L. J. 
first schcKil teachers, if not the first, was Ira J. Wyelli. W. T. French. James Da\is, F. F. 
Halstead. This was succeeded hy a \ery suh- Xeshit. M. \'aul, clerk; also date of charter, 
stantial two-story hrick schoolhouse at a cost first election under charter July i, 1859. J. 
of six thousand clolla'rs, erected on the site of H. Martin, mayor; council. W. Tagg'art. M. 
the |)resent imposins^ seminary, which is lilock I'ii,i;h, E. Price and J. Williamson. 
Xo. _^, ill Kell\''s addition to Tuscola. This was The sclmol huilding is a suhstantial l)rick, 
;i ])la.n 1 rick Inhlding, erected imder contract of three stories and l)asement, a helfry contain- 
In' John X. Miller. He owned and occupic! ing a large town clock, which is a most excel- 
the old one-story schoolhouse after the new one lent time keeper, and has four dials, facing 
was huilt. He was a queer old fellow, honest respectively the four cardinal points. The 
and reliahle. hut a little sour, and he always schini] huilding has amjjle accommodations for 
"wanted to know, you know," what we thought ahout five lumdred pupils, is in every possible 
of a preacher who would "call a man a liar?" respect a perfect edifice, and is. as it should be. 
and we could only answer, that it depended on the pride of Tuscola. The contract price was 
whether the i)reacher told the truth or not. originallv thirt\--two thousand dollars, hut the 
The materials for this two-story seminary amount was subsequent! v increased, so that the 
were purchased b)- the contractor when the entire cost, when completed, became about 
present fine building was erected on the same forty thousand dollars. The building is heated 
site. The contractor and builder of the new l)v an excellent system of basement furnaces, 
and last building was L. Johnson; he married and the board employ an efTicient janitor at a 
here a daughter of Ross, a carpenter and build- fixed salary. The original lot. Block 3, in 
er. Johnson was a man of notal)le integrity Kelly's addition, contained aljout one acre of 
and honor in his contracts, antl built and fin- land; to this has been added, in the last few 
ished the structure in the face of failure as to years, a strip sixty feet in width on the east 
profit. side, which is Indiana street extended. The 

A corner stone was laid on the 26th of board also bought the block next north, block 

June, 1870, by the Masons and Odd Felk)ws, 4. same additit)n, and was presented by the 

with the usual interesting ceremonies. The citv with that part of Wilson street extended 

northeast corner stone contains the organiza- which lies between said l)l(.)cks 3 and 4. which 

tion of Coles county; the partition of Douglas also loaned them fifty feet of a street north of 

county, 1859; survey of original town of Tus- block 4. 

cola, 1857; accounts of the first dwelling; 1857; The first bank was instituted by W_\eth, 

first st(.)re. 1857; and first, second and thiril Cannon & Co.. and was in a frame building, 

bricks built, 1863, etc.; first child born, 1857; which stood at the west end of the present 

burning of first hotel, and incidents; Illinois Ojiera block. This bank was afterward, in 

Central railroad; schoolhouses ; first church, 18O5, merged into the First National Bank of 


Tuscola. Tlie firm also had for a while bank- No. 5. in Kelly's addition, at the southeast 

ing interests in Areola. In 1870, Mr. Wyeth corner of Sale street and Niles avenue. It 

was merchandising- here among the first as a was built through the exertions of Mr. Thomas 

member of the firm 1 if Wyeth. Cradclock & Co., Woody, .\. G. Wallace, O. C. Hackett and 

occu|>ying the two-story frame directly east of (it hers. It was a neat guthic brick abnul tdrty 

the drug store, now at the .southeast corner of feet by one hundred, with a graceful spire one 

Sale and Parke streets. The building was re- hundred and ten feet high, and a belfrv with a 

iiioved to the north side of the avenue to .1 standard bell-metal bell of a weight of six 

point east of Opera bl(~ick. and Imrnt in the hundred [xnnids. It alwavs commanded 

great fire of 1873. The first cashier of the the largest congregations, and the\-, being of 

bank was W. P. Cannon, who married a the superior class of citizens as t(i intelligence 

daughter of William Warmsley an uUl resi- and standing, have always been able to com- 

dent. niand the best average talent of the conference. 

Whilst the Commercial Block and haul: In i8(;5 the Methodists erected their ])resent 

were burning, W. P. Camion contracted with church eilifice which is the finest church bnild- 

Coleman Piright for the sectMid storv of his ing in the county. 

brick building on the .south side of the axenue. The I'resbyterian church, situated on lots 

an<l removed to that location. The bank had i and j, block 32, in the original town, soiUh- 

a capital of $113,000, and a sur]>lus of $-'5,- west corner of Wilson and Main streets. A 

000. Mr. II. T. Carraway, president: W. II. ]\lr. Carnes was the builder. The leaders in 

Lamb, cashier: ,\. W. Wallace, teller and the church were Mr. William li. L.imb. 

bookkeeper at that time. The Douglas comity Judge Ammcn, John J. Jones and others, with 

bank was established Se]>tember, 1X70. W. 11. their fannlies. This church is second onlv to 

Lamb, cashier, on Sale street: and another on the Methodist in point of numbers. The first 

the avemie by Cham])aign ])arties; both, how- [lastor was George D. Miller, who eame to 

e\er. were merged into other banks. The pres- Tuscola in .\ugnst, 1860, and was in charge 

ent banks are: The Fist National liank. .\. W. up to 1804, when he resigned from ill licilth. 

Wallace, president, and F. W. Hammett. cash- The Baptist church is the largest in the city 

ier. This is one of the best, most substantiai with regard to seating capacity: in actual mem- 

and up-to-date banking houses in the state. bership it is the smallest. It was erected in 

r.aughman, Bragg & Co. is the other banking i8()5, mainly throught the exertions and ex- 

'"•'n- anii)le of I'Llijah McCarty and Dr. 1. N. Ryner- 

The opera house of Tuscola, owned by the s<in. Dr. Kynerson was a leading l.irmer in 

Marry Madi.son estate, is a very creditable af- the northeast corner of Areola townshi]). He 

lair. It has a .seating ca])acity of about seen was highly educated an<l one of the best stump 

hundred and a very well sceneried stage, with s]ieakers of his dav, and was also a former 

mirrors on either side, and is very ornate. i)racticing physician: be died in .\pril, 1873. 

C Inirchi's. — The Methodist, a brick church. This church is a substaiUial brick building 

was finished in i860, and is situated on Block about forty by eighty feet, and when built had 



a very large brick tower aljout ninety feet liigli, 
w liicli had. tln-oug-h tlie mistake of the hnilder. 
Iteen run up nearly S(|uare; it \\;is hea\y and 
unj^ainly. and tupped dft with fimr curner 
spires or ornaments painted white. This was 
the niostconspicufius nhject in tlie city, and was 
the landmark in the country for miles ardund. 
The iutentiim had heen tn make a nnich li,<;hter 
tower. Till) much weight was ])nl upun it for 
its foundation, and it began to show cracks in 
the masonry and settled. It was then rumored 
unsafe, people getting the idea it would fall 
of its own weight, and some avoided the church. 
It was then formally examined by expert buikl- 
ers. and !)eing pronounced good confidence 
was somewhat restored. Nevertheless, the 
tower was iinally taken down e\en with the 
roof. The congregation being quite small, 
regular pastors have not always been in charge, 
though this church has commanded some of 
the best talent the church afforded. The Intild- 
ing is situated at the nurtheast corner of Daggy 
aiid Court streets. 

The Christian church is situated on the 
north side of Houghton street, east of Court 
street, lot 13, block 40, original town, is a 
good frame building, the second story being 
the auditorium, with lirst story reserved for 
Snndav school and bai)tistry. It was erected 
in i8()(S. mainly through the exertions of Mr. 
John Chandler, the lirst county clerk. The 
present Christian chtn'ch of Tu>cola is a line 
brick structure and is ne.xt to the Methodist 
church in cost. 

The Roman Catholic church of the Forty 
Martyrs is a fr;une building situ.ated on the 
southeast corner of \'an Allen antl Center 
streets. It was erected in the summer of 188.^, 
at a cost of ,$1,000. 

The Episcopal cliurch was erected on the 
northwest corner of Center and Houghton 
Houghton streets in i88_': was consecrated in 
July of that year, 1)\' Right Rexerend .Sexanour, 
Bisho]) of Springfield, assisted by several cler- 
gymen from the surrounding cities. The 
church was built through the exertions of the 
Re\'. Mr. F'eck, then in charge of the mission, 
and is known as St. Stephen's. Regular ser- 
\-ices were held for about one year, l)Ut the 
remo\'al of families most interested has so re- 
duced numbers that the services are rare. 

The I'ree Methodists also have a church 
building. (See sketch of David Cooper.) 

Sunday Schools. — The first Sunday school 
in Tuscola was instituted by Mrs. Archibald 
\'an Deren and others at the old Tuscola 
House, the erstwhile hotel. The first Sundav 
school was convened on the second Sabbath of 
September, in the year 1859. It was started, 
at the instance of JNIrs. \'an Deren. her coad- 
lutors. among others, being Thomas W'liodv 
and his excellent daughters, Mesdames Town- 
sell and Lindsay, who were the first scholars, 
and who ha\e jiassed away. Dr. J. L. Reat, 
\\ith us. Dr. Samuel Daggy and Mrs. Van 
Deren are the only survivors. Dr. Reat is 
mentioned elsewhere. Dr. Daggy, a prom- 
itient Presltyterian, was an acknowledged lead- 
er in religion and indeed in all other mat- 
ters Ijcaring upon the general elex'ation of 
]iublic sentiment from the beginning of Tus- 
cola. .\fter a twenty years' useful residence 
here. he. with his family, moved to Philadel- 
phia, where he is engaged in real estate busi- 

Here it may not be out of place to record the \arious chnrclies of Tuscola have been 
remarkable for a cordial co-operation in relig- 


iiuis matters, juint nieeting.>^ and exchange tin," the assistant engineer nf Dan\-ille. Tus- 

(if pnlpits being the l're(|uent lea<hng featnres cula iK- \\'estern r.'iilrnaiK and while a little 

that go far toward clipping the wings of those "captions'" in the \ it'w of the xonnger l)o\s on 

smart fellows, who. claiming the dillerence nf the work', mei'ited and received on the wlmle 

cr-eed as a snflicient excuse, wnuld lly to glory the hest respect ol his associates, 

nnincumhered hv a church. The 1 )ouglas County Ke\iew was iustituteil 

The Press. — f^nr lii'si news])aper was the in iN;r5 hy l'on\erse >!v; Parks, and was 1 )eni- 

Tuscola Press. Il was startc<l in iS3(). It ocralic. it was hrst issued in the two-stor\" 

was short lived, and the prdpriclur left between wouden building which now stands direclK- 

two davs. .M. \ anl cunducted il a year or east nf tlie j. M. .Suiilh building, nu the snuth 

two, l)ut it was nni a success. Mr. \'aul was side df C'entral a\enue. The Review passed 

the tirst city clerk. The Sellers buys instituted intn the hands of Maj. .Asa Miller in December, 

the Douglas County Shield, fn mi 1S05 to li^hj. 1S77. (.See sketch of Charles W. Wilsou, the 

.\ little felliiw named (lregor\- establi>he<l the present pr( iinaeti ir of the Rexicw.) 

Cnion, which was nut a success. The news- The TuscKla Republican, ikjw nwued and 

l)a])er business did nut seem to be solid until c'dited b_\- I'reil L. Peat, is rapiill}' cinniiig tn 

the jiresent hmrnal and 1 )ougI,is C'cunty Re- the front as a newsv. clean and well printed 

\iew were established. I'he Jnurual was llrst paper. It has ;i paid circulation of about oue 

instituted by Siler iv Pindsay in iSf)4. They ihdusaud. 

were succeeded 1i\ Williams in iSjf), with Ccnti-niiiiil His/i>r\. — The Congress ni the 

llarrv Johnson ;is paragi'aphist and general Cnited .States, March ij;, iSjd, passed a res- 

outside manager, and by Ceorge Classco in ulntidu recummending that the |)eople ol the 

jamiary, tSSi. .\fterwai'd by "Tom" W il- sev'eral states assemble in their several towns 

liams and a Mr. (Ikisscd. It is nnw dwued an<l nn the "centennial anniversary" of our national 

conducted by A. C., the present post indepe ■(lence, and h i\e read a historical .ketch 

master of Tuscola. ( .See sketch. ) of said countv or town from its form.ation, 

Wdli.ams was an oil! Tuscola bo\- who m;is- , ;md ih.'.t a copw (if said sketch be filed ;ii llv 
lercil the printing business .and became a ol'fice of the Pibrarian of Congress, as well as 
"jour," worlsing in wirious ]il;iccs, and when in the clerk's office of s.aid county, 
in Connecticut met and married a ladv iiriiiter. .\pril Js, iSj(), this is followed b\- the pi'iie- 
1 le returned to Tuscoka m iSj-o, and in cou- lamatiou of jojiu I,. l',e\eridge, the governor of 
nection with C"a]it. Parks, of the Review, did the st.ale of Illinois, to the same effect, urging 
the typographical work ol the his- a general observ.ince of the recommendation, 
tory ol county, the only ])rinfed book In .Maw \Hj(>. at a special term of the board 
ever issued in the county. Tom died suddeiilv of supervis<irs, not, however. S|)eci,ally held 
while in the prime of his usefulness and man- for the purpose, ihe following resolution was 
hood, at about lliirtv ve.ars of age, on the _'i;th adopted, which had \>cvn offered hv the super- 
day of Jul}-, iSSi. lie was ,a man of wit and \isor from (iarrett, .Mr. William Howe; 
humor; was for a time the assistant of "Mar- Rcsuk'cd, That Henry C. Niles be employ- 



ed to prepare a statistical and biographical 
history of Douglas county, from its origin to 
the present time, and to ha\e the same ready 
hy the 4th of July next, provided the said work 
shall not cost to exceed one hundred dollars. 

This work was prepared in manuscript, 
read to the hoard of sui)ervisors and approved; 
an attempt to ha\e it ])rinted at the expense 
of the county failed, and the author, assisted 
by D. O. Root, the then county clerk, had it 
printed in pamphlet form, to save the matter, 
being eighty pages octavo, in paper co\ers. 
This history contained, in a perhaps too much 
condensed style, a history of the main facts 
pertaining to the county, with separate histories 
of townships, and was not much elal)orated, the 
"fixed price" forbidding a thorough detail of 
the points touched upon. It was dedicated 
"To the young men of Douglas county. 

"In the hope that they may be reminded of 
the responsibility they are about to assume in 
taking charge of the destinies of little Doug- 
las, may they emulate the noblest deeds of 
their fathers, .so that the blessings which they 
secured may descend upon them to posterity. 
In opening out the resources of the country, 
converting the rude land into cultivated tields, 
building cities where none existed before, and 
making possible the civilizing influences of 
churches, schools and railroads, their fathers 
have borne the brunt of the battle, and are now 
resigning into their hands the result of their 
labors, for they are passing away." 

This pamphlet was ])rinted at the printing 
office of the Illinois University, at 
Urbana. The contract was taken Ity 
& Parks, editors of the Review of Tuscola, 
and the "setting up" done by J. T. Williams, 
afterward proprietor of the Tuscola Journal. 

Mr. Williams took great pride in the matter, 
and produced a specimen of printing not sur- 
]iassed by anv pamphlet work extant. A copy 
of the work was duly forwarded to the Illinois 
state librarian, the congressional library, at 
Washington, the Historical Society of Chicago, 
and to various other i)oints. either \-oluntarily, 
or on demand, and kindly acknowledgments 
were received in each case, and in some cases 
a return was promptly made of similar works. 

Photography. — Photography in its advanc- 
ed artistic e\cellence was first instituted here 
by W. Boyce, who is succeeded by his son 
David N. Having devoted his entire business 
time to the perfection of his work, making a 
studv of all the latest improvements, he shc^ws 
wi^rk which is not surpassed by that of the 
artists in the larger cities. D. X. Boyce is not 
only a first class artist but he is a gentleman 
in nature and instinct. 

Illinois Light, Water, Heat and Power 
Company, recently established in Tuscola, is 
supplied with the very latest type of machinery 
and renders efficient service. The water 
power plant operated in connection is so com- 
plete, perfect and systematically arranged that 
the most energetic critic has failed to criticise. 

Tuscola Society. — The moral and intellect- 
ual standard of the city is far above the aver- 
age, with plenty of room for impro\ement. In 
main the citizens are a peaceable, law abiding 
and God fearing people. They ha\e good 
churches, good schools and are lovers of good 
books. Selfishness and bigotry in many in- 
stances are disguised here as true religion, as it 
is elsewhere throughout the world, and one of 
the most loved and commendable character- 
istic of the human heart, love one another, is 
is asleep in the beautiful little city of Tuscola. 


Its retired fanner contingency of its popula- imin 1S54 to 1858, and npon him, as bein^i: 

tion is wonderfullv tired, nnprojjressive and the nearest postmaser. devolved tlie dnty of cer- 

in many instances is jiositive and painful hin- tifyinj; the necessity i>\ a new posloHice at 

(h-ance to its fiUure development. Where a ( )ka\v, w Inch had heen petitioned tor hy judge 

citizen with nionev refuses to assist in needed and Dr. I ienry. John r.l;ick\\ ell and others. In 

improvements cif the town, to assist in caring due course, Col. Cofer sent the i)apers to Wash- 

for the \vorth\- iioor and needy under his nose, ington, and they were returned, as is usual in 

he is not onlv lacking in his religiou, taught such cases, with the inl'ormation that there was 

h\ the lowlv Xazarene. hut he is lacking in his already in the state of Illinois a postoftice with 

good citizenship. Tuscola has nothing worse the same name as tiie one proposed. This maile 

to fear than to allow the management of its it necessary that a new name should be .selected 

])ul)]ic adnnnistralion In fall into tlie hands of before the office could, under the law, be estab- 

the unprogressive, the dollar worshipers ;uid lished. Mr. E. Hewitt, the first Illinois Cen- 

the stingy. There are snme so called wurship- tral railroad agent at this ])iiint. after cudgel- 

ers of Christ and leading churcii members in ing his brains to no effect, obserying a knot of 

Tuscola who shduld heed more the teachings citizens near, came out of his oflice at the 

of the Master and jiermit the dead, against depot, and in the presence of Judge James 

whnin they nnglit have had a personal grievance Kwingand others a-ked for suggestions, where- 

uithout cause, to Rest, Rist, RrstW. upon James Kearney said "Areola." The 

name took instantly, and was adopted. It 

ARCOL.v CITY .\xn Towxsinf. api.ears to haye. been .selected from its eui.ho.iy 

rather than from any allusion or reference to 

The Niiiiu-. — I'lcfore Douglas county had ;i historical remini.scencc, though one of Xapo- 

an existence, the city of .\roila. from which Icon's greatest battles was fotight and gained 

the township derives its name, was called by oyer the .Vustrians in Italy at a iilacc by that 

the railroad com])any '"( )kaw," after the river name. Both of the names terminating alike 

of that name, which the west jiart is food for rumination, but all attempts to con- 

of the county. "Okaw" was a local name nect the two as some relation have f.ailed. John 

only, the true name of the river being Ka,s- Blackwell was here ])rominent in all that per- 

kaskia, from the iM-encb, and it has been claimed tains to good citizenshi]), and had much to do 

by knowing ones that the word '"( )kaw" is a with the management of affairs. His resi- 

corrni)tiiin of Kaskaskia. which, in the ver- dence dated from 1857. He was the tirst mag- 

nacular.was "Kawkaw'"( Indian: Crow Ri\er?) istrate of .\rcola. He died in January. i8r.(). 

hence, by an easy transition, "( )kaw." Col. John lilackwell was a grandson of C'ol. Jacob 

John Col'er, who had represented the county of l!l;ick\\cll df the Revolution. The Colonel was 

Coles in the state Legisl;iture. was postmaster the owner of lllackweirs Islaml and nearly 

to accommodate the neighborb 1 at Rural all the e;istern end of l.i>ng Island adjacent to 

Retreat (in the southeast cpiarter of section 10, .\'ew \'ork. from .Astoria to Brooklyn. This 

township i4north, range 9 east, since abolished), tract includes Astoria, Ravenswood, Long Is- 



land City. Creen Point and W'illianislinrs-. 1 [e 
resided in llie did mansion on Webster axcnuc. 
where lie entertained (ien. Washington and in 
the g-rounds atlaehed thereto re])ose the hones 
of the Colonel and his wife. Col. Waekwell 
was prominently identified with the Revolu- 
tionar\- partw and was a meniher of the Con- 
tinental Congress. His door, liranded with 
the letter "R" (rebel) because of his opposi- 
tion to tiie British Crown, is still kept as a 
iieirloom by some of his descendants. 

Areola Precinct. — At the time of the for- 
mation of Douglas county, February, 1859, 
that portion of its area now known as 
Areola township was called .\rcola precinct. 
It was bounded on the north ))}■ Tuscola town- 
ship, but now extends one mile further north. 
It contained a tier of six sections on the east, 
which are now included in Bowdre, and it also 
included eighteen sections of laud, all of town- 
ship 14 north, range 7 east, which were, on 
regular township organization in 1868, handed 
over to Bourbon. 

This was an election precinct, and con- 
tained an area of about seventy-one, which was, 
in 1868, ciU down to fifty-three and eight- 
tenths square miles, lieing exactly, according 
to the government sur\ey, 34.f)43'.jO acres. 

Townshi]') organization was voted for in 
1867, and the apportionment made in iS;>8, 
Dr Lucius McAllister being one nf the commis- 
sicjuers a])poinled bv the county board to make 
the partition. Cabin jmies was associate 
county judge. The township 1 3 north, of range 
8 east, the congressional tnwiislii]) laying be- 
tween Areola and Tuscola, was survey.'il in 
i8j[. The south line was established by 
lohn Messiuger. de]Hit\' snrxeyor, and linislied 
.\l)ril 5 (if that year. The subdi\iding of the 

t^nvnship into sections was finishetl Ijy A. 
McK. llamtranck, a deputy, June g, 182:. 
The sur\e_\ing was dmie nine years before the 
first settler struck the comity. In this con- 
nection ;l may be said that no Douglas county 
sur\" has e\er discov(;red in the interior of 
lbs township .a single original goxernmeut 
corner out of the seventy-eight which the gov- 
ernment surveyor certifies he made, and per- 
petuated with mounds and stakes. Local sur- 
veying was done here first in 1850. 

Laud Entries. — The first of land within 
the present bounds td' this tow'iiship was made 
December 24, 1832, by James Shaw. He 
entered several tracts at about the same time 
in Bourljou township, and subsequently other 
lands. His descendants are yet citizens of 
Bourbon, and one of his sons, W. N. Shaw, 
represented Bourbon as a super\isor for al)out 
six years cimsecutively. and died in 1882, while 
in office. Land was also entered in 1853 by 
the Geres and Maiden Jones and O. B. Fick- 

Many large farms on the jirairie were 
started bv men who, ciMuing trom a hilly or 
timbered location, seeing the beautiful rolling 
])rairies for the lirst time, ready for the i)l;)w 
without stuni]) or s!tone to hinder, co\-eted the 
whole expanse, as far as the eye could reach, 
and iiearK' e\er\' one purcli.ased too much for 
his capital. Smaller farms mean more ])eoi)le, 
more real W(_irkers and more real owners. 
Time and again railroad lands were taken up 
by the whole section, a house and some teiic- 
iiig built, but, after a few years' exjierience, 
the li>ad pn>\ed too he;i\y, and the laud was 
]ierniitted tn gi 1 back, or perhaps a small [lor- 
lioii was ])aiil Inr, and retained. 

The Railroads. — The township is traversed 


Ijy the Chicago hranch nf tlie iniiiois Central delixered in no greater amount per mile than 

railroad, rtinnino; aliout mirth and south, lea\-- six thuus.ind dulLars. ihniugh the eiiunt\- as t"ai- 

iiig two-thirds nf the are.a to the east side of ;is it was praetieahle, to inllnence tlie other 

the road. lo\vnshi])s through whii'h the road should p.ass. 

Areola towmship is also traversed from east to action, the ])etitioners suggested 

to west hy the Illinois Midland railwaw now the lh;il ;i meeting lie hel<l for the pnr])ose on |nne 

X'andalia. This road was origin;dly an enter- _'4, |S()(). At this lime 1). Ilitchcock the 

prise of ]iromineiit citizens ol the city and snpei'\isor .and Todd, clci'k. The 

\icinit\". and was lirst called the \';\v\> iv l)c- ])elitiou \\;is sigiu'd li\' t". h". i'lo^^\vortll, 1. ( i. 

catur ; upon the extensi(jn of the road to Tcrre, J. W. l)(.ugl;is, |. 11. Ward, II. 1). 

1 laute, the n.ame of that city ])relixed, ;md Jenkins, j. R. .Smith. John hames Mat- 

linally it recei\ed its pi-esent name. The lirst ters, W. II. I'.nrton, I'. M. |. W. 

tr.ain passed over this road Octoher _>5, 187-'., j.ames Heggs ;ind C. C. Rust. The 

.\rcola aui] other township honds were is- election held ;iccordingl\ . and resulted for 

sued hy a \oic ot tlie people. :imoi;uting in the suhsciaption t^j^ \otes, .against it one \ote. ( )n 

aggregate to $if)5,(X)Ci, the amount Nuted hy .\ugnsl id. oSjo. John R.av anthori/ed to 

this township lieing .$100,000. These ho'iid.^ procure tin- hl.ank hoiids; they were made to 

were dis])osed of hy the com]i.any. .and linail)'" ten \>vv cent interest from Al.ay 1, iXji, 

found their way into the h.ands of innocent i>,ai p.iy.ihle ;il the .Securitx l'.,ink in .\'ew ^'o^k. 

ties ,as an iinestment. The leg.ality of the |iro John J. Ilenrv .ippoiiUeil to .act .i^ trustee 

ce<lure was made a (pn-sliou, hoth ,i> to i-.illing to ia'cei\e, hold and p;i\ out the honds, .and the 

the election .and \oting the honds. .all of which signing of them r.atilied hy the town .and 

were decided ,ad\ersely; conse(|uently itors ou the 3d of April, 1 Sj i . 
the honds ha\e not lieen ]iaid hy the township, This w .as pro jected .and ])ut through h\- 

though the railroad re.apeil the henelit of them. three or four residents of Areola Citw who. 

The enters the township .at tlu' uortlc pa ior to the heginning of the enterprise, w laa- 

west coiaier of section d, township 1.; north, pursuing the e\en tenor of their w,a\- ,as 

range 8 e.ast, runs in a sonllu'.astei'l)- ilirectioCL iiuiel .ami good (atizens, n( it rem.ark.ahli' .aho\e 

to the city of .\rcol,a, thence e.asl .along the mid their fellows for .an\- more lin,an( .ahiht\- 

line of the north tier of sections, .and le.a\es the the .aver.age. The\' huilt the road .am! 

townshi]) at .ahont the northeast corner of sec- controlled the fr.inchist's milil it cousol- 

tion 3, township 1 _) north, r,ange () t'.asi, occu- idated. 
pying a length of .ahont eight miles. The ]iro- 

])osed don.ation of the towiishi]) honds to the vi[\ oi' .\kcoi..\. in conse(pience of ,a petition which 

suggested that they should {v\\ jier cent .Arcol.a Cit\' occu])ies all of section 
interest, ])ayahle, the honds not 4, west h.alf of southwest ipi.artei- of 
to he delivered until one mile of tr.ack heen section 3, .and the north h.alf of the north- 
graded ;uid ironed in the township, and to he e.ast (|u.arter of section i), .all in township No, 

I to 


14, north of range 8. east of the tliird ])rinci- 
pal meridian. "Okaw." tlie original town, was 
laid off 1)V the Illinois Central Railroad Com- 
pany, upon its own lands in section No. 4, and 
occupied a tract of land lying on the west side 
of the southeast quarter of the section, ahout 
one-half mile long hy about one-quarter mile 
wide, on either side of the railroad track; it 
was surveyed by John Meadows, Coles county 
surveyor, October 22. 1855, so that Areola 
antedates the county by about four years. The 
]ilat and survey were indorsed by J. N. A. Gris- 
wold, president of the company, and they 
reserved a strip of land one hundred feet wide 
on either side of the centre line of the track. 
North and south, across the whole of said plat, 
they also reserved the right to lay side tracks 
on both Chestnut and Oak streets, outside the 
two hundred foot limit, and for warehouses, 
and it was specially stated, that "no right of 
crossing that part marked as reserve for Illi- 
nois Central railroad, at any point between 
.Second South and Second North streets is 
granted to the public." 

The first town was laid off jjarallel with. 
and at right angles to the railroad track, and 
consists of twenty blocks, the lots next to the 
railroad having a front of forty feet, the back 
lots being eighty; they all have a uniform 
depth of one hundred and sixty feet; the east 
antl west streets are of a width of seventy feet ; 
those running parallel with the railroad alter- 
nate with widths of seventy and forty feet. 

McCaiiii's first lulditiaii. — In .\pril, 185S. 
John McCann made the lirst .'iddition, con- 
sisting of varied sizes of lots and blocks. It 
was surveyed by Stephen B. Moore, of Coles 
county. Mr. Moore also surveyed 

Ilcnrv's iuldilion. — This addition was made 

by Dr. F. B. Henry, .August 2. 1858. It con- 
sists of ten blocks of fifty feet front, being 
one hundred and sixty feet dee]). Dr. Henry 
caused the streets to be continuetl as first 
])lanned by the railroad. 

Chandler & Bales' addilioiis. — In July, 
1864. Messrs. John Chandler and Caleb Bales 
laid out their addition on the south, and fol- 
lowed in June, 1865, with the second addition, 
all surveyed by E. C. Siler. These two ad- 
ditions occupv the north half of the northeast 
quarter of section 9, township 14 north, range 
8 east, eighty acres. 

McCauii's second addition was made in 
July, 1877. 

Sheldon & Jacqne's addition, being tlie 
west half of the southwest quarter of section 
3, township 14, range 8, was surveyed Ijy 
Issachar Davis. August 6, 1868. 

Conned proceedings. — The first city coun- 
cil or l)oar(l of trustees was convened in May, 
1858; Mahlon Barnhardt was the president. 
The city clerk was 1. S. Ta\l( ir. \V. T. Sylves- 
ter and John J. Henry were of the board. City 
records ])rior to 1872 do not seem to be avail- 
able. June 3, 1872, a meeting was held. Mayor 
1). Tibbott. presiding, and the council con- 
sisted of James Matters, 1'. 1). Ray, Byron 
Willis and J. M. Righter. George Klink was 

October, 1872, a minute appears which re- 
cites that "no huckster be allowed to sell pro- 
duce for less that one dollar or more than five 
dollars." George Klink, Democrat, was elected 
mavor in .April, 1873, and re-elected April 17, 
1877. In 1873 the first council consisted of 
lames Jones, J. H. Magner, James E. Morris 
and H. M. McCrory. W. J. Calhoun was city 



liicorponitioii. — A petition fur iiicorpora- 
tiim was circulated in June, 1873, signed by 
(ine luuidred and twenty citizens. Tlic election 
was held June 16, same year, and resulted for 
incorporation under the general law, two hun- 
dred and forty-four votes: contra, eleven ; total, 
two lunulred and sixty-t'ue, and .\ugust (>. 
1873, the city was incorporated under the gen- 
eral law for incorpiirating cities and villages, 
which was in force July i, 187-'. \V. H. Spen- 
cer, at or aI)out this time, was made city at- 
torney, the salary being fixed at three lumdred 
and se\enty-ti\e dollars per annum. Mr. Spen- 
cer was a member of the Douglas county bar, 
and later remoxed to Terre Haute. The city 
clerk's wage was one hundred and litty dollars a 
year. Mr. Spencer w;is autlKjrized to ])roceed to 
S])ringtield to endeavor to procure an amend- 
ment to the general incorporation law with ref- 
erence to minoril\- re])resentation. 

riw frrss. — The .\rcola Record, the first 
newspaper to appear in the city, was inaugu- 
rated under the auspices of the Sellars Brothers 
of Tuscola in i8t)6 — the enter])rise having been 
instittUed bv the subscription ot liberal- 
minded citizens, witliiptit reg.ird to ])olitical 
attinities; it was an independent paper until 
the plant was liought liy John M. ( iruelle, which 
occurred soon after it was f.airly st.arted. h'or 
about sesenteen \'ears Mr. (iruelle conducted 
it as an advocate of l\c])ubli(an prin('i])Ies, dur- 
ing which time, bv ilose attention to tlie busi- 
ness interests of the ofl'ice, and .a i\\k- regard 
for those of his ;ido])ted connty .and city, he 
merited and received ;i l.air sli.are ol success. 
I ie died in .Areola on the _\:;d of ( K'tober. 1883, 
in the i)rime of life, .after ne.irly .a year's ill- 
ness. The papei" is continueil under the man- 
agement of Collins & .Son. 

The Herald aiul .\rolian are the other two 
]iapers of the city. 

luirix business riilcrl^riscs. — The first house 
l>ut up in the city was the Illinois Central sta- 
tion and de])ot, in the upper part of which E. 
Hewitt, the lirst railroad agent, his resi- 
dence and the ])ost office; a very short dis- 
tance northwest I'.arney Cunningham erected 
the lirst dwelling. Mr. Cunningham was the 
father of I'rank Cunninghaiu, who became 
sheriff of the county in 1872, removing to 
Tuscola, where he died. The freight house 
was burned in the great fire of 1881. 

John Weber, a little, keen, wiry German, 
kejit store here in 1857, first situated in a little 
shanty south of the southwest corner of First 
.South street and Chestnut street, and after- 
w.ard at the corner at Ewald's present loca- 
tion. This corner was twice l)urned, as a hotel 
lirst, and again in the fire of 1881. 

The first dry goods store instituted by 
V. 11. iv J. J. Henry, ;md afterward under 
the name of the Latter. The binlding w;is lo- 
cated on the sonth side of b'irst .Smith street, 
east of the railroad, and was destroyed in the 
tornado nf ]S38. Mr. J. J. Henry .as- 
sociate justice of the Connty in iS()5. He died 
March 1 1, i8()5, an<l the father of Josei)h 
r. 1 lenry. 

The drug business started by W. T. 
.SyKester and Joseph 1'. Ilenrw the latter snc- 
ceeiling to the business .at the soiillu'.Hst corner 
of l'"irst Sonth .and ( );ik streets, where he had 
m.aint.ained .a ] trade since iS^.S. His 
close .attention l(] the rei|uirements ol the case 
and his popularity resulted eventually in .ample Mr. Henry died July i>). 18S3, in llu- 
prime of his life .and uselnlness. 

Tlie drug store of W. 1'. liovil estab- 



libhed in 1867. By tlie way, tlie first officially 
recorded survey made in Dout^ias cnunty was 
ivr his father, Mr. W. P. I'.cyd. It was May 
21. 1859 — west half of section 5, township 
14, range 8, half-mile west of city limits. Wil- 
son B. Boyd came to Douglas in 1859, and re- 
sided here until the time of his death, March 
10, 1867. 

The first Ijanking house was instituted m 
March, 1868, by Messrs. Beggs & Clark, which, 
hank, December 9, 1875. l)ecame merged into 
the First National Bank of Areola: ad inlcriin 
Wyeth, Cannon & Co., of Tuscola, bought the 
business, and in August, 1870, Mr. Wickes, 
their Tuscola bookkeeper, removed to Areola, 
taking charge of their interests until they were 
relinc|uished. The bank had a capital of fifty 
thousand dollars. James Beggs, president; (".. 
L. Wickes, cashier. 

The i)resent l:«nks arc the First National 
i'>;ink and the State Bank. 

At the lirst bank of Wyeth, Cannon & Co., 
at Tuscola, a Pennsylvania Dutchman bought a 
draft for sixty-nine dollars from Cannon, and 
taking it home jiasted it in with his receipts, 
and sat down at the stove with the happy con- 
sciousness of having done his whole duty. In 
the course of time he was further pressed by 
his creditor for a settlement, ;ui(l pitched into 
the bank for keeping his nmney. 

I'lic churcJu's. — The I'resbyterians built the 
first church in the city in i8r)0, the first pastor 
being Jos. .Allison. 

The (Christian church w;is instituted Jnlv 
10, 1863; the lirst trustees being W. T. Sylves- 
ter, Joseph Walling. J. M. Lessinger, J. AI. 
Hollandsworth, John Woodall. L. McAllister, 
who were elected for five years. The churcn 
lionght lots I and _', block 7, of Henry's aildi- 

tion to Okaw, October 1,^. 1864. and built the 
church the same year. 

St. John's Roman Catholic church was built 
on lot 8, block 7, Henry's addition, in 1874, 
tlie deed for the lot being dated January 1 3, 
1 87 1, and first made to the .Archbishop of St. 
Louis, bv him to I'.ishoj) Alton, and then to 
St. John's Roman Catholic church. The mcm- 
Ijers of this church, though not generally of the 
wealthier classes, show a devotion to their les- 
sons and modes well \\orth}' of imitation. 

The Methodist church acquired lot 4, block 
16, in original town, April 13, 1864. The 
church was built in 1865. This denomination 
in Areola was a little late in building. The 
Metliodists generally build about the time the 
proposed city is laid out. They are now con- 
structing a fine brick edifice at a cost of several 
thousand dollars. 

The Ba])tists have also a church building, 
erected about 1804. 

The Lutherans have also a church ImiKling. 

The Fpisco])alians. .At ;i of about one 
thousand dollars an l4)isco])al church was 
erected on lots 1, 2, 3 and 4, on the northeast 
corner oi block 3, in the original town. I\e\ . 
Wells was the first pastor. .Among those who 
are supporters of the clnn-ch, through natural 
alTinilv and educalion. are the descendants ol 
John P.lackwell and the families of J. R. Smith, 
L. C. Rust, 1. C. Justice, N'ellum and others. 
The society has only been aide to secure occa- 
sional ser\-ices. 

The luislnmstcrs. — K. Hewitt, the 
agent, w;is the first postmaster ( 1858), and the 
office was in the first freight house, where he 
lived with his family. He afterward removed 
to Tuscola, and was agent there for many years. 
Once upon ;i time a jjelition was circul.ated in 



Tuscola for his removal, but it failed to get 
a respectable number of signers; the olijcction 
was his manner. 

Galtoii and Filsoii slations. — daltoii is a 
point on the Illinois Central Railroad, three 
and a half miles north of the railroad crossing 
in Areola, and is situated in the southeast cor- 
ner of section 16, township 13 north, range 8 
east. It had been known as the liciurbon 
switcli, or Tie switch, and was originally lo- 
cated as a point for the reception of cross ties 
during the construction of the road. It was 
m;ide a dag station in 1SS2. Mr. J. P. Wool- 
ford is the only merchant and grain buyer Iiere 
(see .sketch). 

I'^ilson is a station and postoffice situated 
in tlie northwest ]);irt of section 5. township 14, 
range 9 east, on the line of the Illinois Mid- 
land Railway. It has a side track, and is a 
receiving point for considerable agricultural 


Newman township is nearly all prairie. 
The country tow;ird the north and fi >rms 
.'• narrow rise of land genendiv known .as the 
■■Ridge." P.eing all prairie, this town.ship was 
one of the latest settled, the first comers seem- 
ing to |>ret'er the timbered ]xirtions as a ])ro- 
tcction from the ble.'ik winds and .also as a 
means of procm-ing fuel, building m;iteri;d and 
fencing, .\ewnian township occupies the north- 
east ])ortion of Douglas county. In iS.Sj Mnr- 
dock townshi]) u;is created out of .\'ewnian .and 
Camargo townships. 

Forty years ago Newman township was 
one vast unbroken level and it was not supposed 
at that time that it could ever be settled. K.\- 

cepting after a rain, a drink of water could not 
i)e had between the lunbarrass and the Little 
V'eriuillion rivers, for upon these boundless 
])rairies no habitation was seen. Yet a few 
brave and far seeing pioneers \entiued to es- 
tablish homes here, realizing there was a for- 
tune in the black and lo.aiuy soil when they 
could once get it into proper condition. Some 
ot the land was very low and wet, biU they 
persevered and cut open ditches first, until in 
course of time a steam dredge was einploved 
which was ca])able of excavating a ditch ten 
feet dee]) ;md from ;uiy wi<lth to fort v. This 
afforded an excellent outlet to the Lateral tile 
ditches which the farmers siwn had constructed 
through the low and wet places on their lands, 
and these farms are among those least affected 
by drouth. The result of such di-;iining has 
been to increase the value of land to such an 
extent that rents within the p.ast fwc vears 
ha\e increased from three dollars up to as high 
as .seven dollars per acre. What is now the 
I., D. & \V. k. R. \v;is completed through the 
township in 1S7J, the first train .ind engine 
passing through here July (), iSj,^ To this 
road the township gave twebe thousand dol- 
lars, lletore this was completed the peo])|e, 
cs])ccially in the northern ]);u-t of the township, 
hauled their gr.iin to llomer. in ( hjuuiiaign 
coniUy, taking one entire day for the trip. 
I heie being no public highways across the 
pr;iiries, no bi-idgos were constructed .and there 
were numerous sloughs to be ;i\(]iik-(|, i-;uising 
an extra .amoiuit of tra\el. With a light 
the sloughs coukl safel\- be crossed. With the 
settling u]) of the conulrv. f;irins were fenced 
oil. roads laid out, sloughs .and streams bridged 
and the facilities for travel gre.atly imju-oved. 
The development of the L'nited .States and es- 



pecially the great West, can be traced directly 
to the railroad system. The equipments upon 
the road going through this township are 
probably unsurpassed in the west, and when 
the intended connections are made, it will be 
one of the largest passenger, freight and mail 
routes in the west. 

Newman township contains some fine 
farms, among which was that of C. M. Cul- 
bertson, lying northwest of Newman, of o\er 
two thousand acres, which is the largest con- 
tiguous b(.idv of land in the eastern end of the 
county. The view from the rolling prairie 
known as the "Ridge" in the north part of the 
township is more extensi\e than can be ob- 
tained in any other part of the county. This is 
certainly the garden spt)t of Illinois. Those 
who first came here half a century ago, hoped 
to see the desert "blossom like the rose," and 
the reality has far surpassed their wildest 
dreams. Struggling settlements have developed 
nito splendid cities and towns, and no one now 
considers he is in the far west, but right in the 
heart and center of this great nation. The west 
of the present day is away towards the setting 
sun, beyond the Rockies. 

One of the earliest settlers in the tow'nship 
was Enoch Howell, who was out of the asso- 
ciate justices of the county at an early day. 
The W'inklers and Hopkins' were also early 
settlers. Robt. Hopkins was one of the first 
juflges of Coles county in 1839, at the time of 
the separation of Douglas and Coles counties. 
He and his brothers. "Uncle Jimmy" and 
"Col." Ho]ikins. located here about 1841. Win. 
Hancock came in 1839. am] in 1847 ^^'^s made 
justice of the peace at Camargo, before the 
county was divided, an office which he held for 
over thirty years. He was the first count\' 

treasurer and assessor in 1859. In 1867 he 
was a member of the state board for the equali- 
zation of assessments, and in 18G8 was elected 
for four years. In 1872 Governor Palmer ap- 
pointed him notary public. He was delegate 
to the state convention that nominated Gov. 
Oglesby, and was also one of the charter mem- 
bers of the Masonic lodge of this city. Isaac 
and John Skinner came here in 1839. Isaac 
Skinner has now three hundred and eighty 
acres of land, having had nothing when he 
attained his majority. With one exception he 
is the oldest living resident in the township. 
Wm. Shute came here in 1852 and engaged in 
farming, antl was also an extensive contractor 
and builder. He built the Fairfield Cumberland 
Presbyterian church, the Pleasant Ridge Meth- 
odist Episcopal and the Cumberland Presbyter- 
ian church and school building at Fairmount in 
N'ermilion county. He has biult in all nine 
school buildings and many business blocks, 
among them the large block in this city in which 
the Newman Bank and other prosperous busi- 
ness firms are located. He was born in 1817, 
and has been a member of the MetlKidist church 
for forty-two years. "Uncle" .\ndrew Ash- 
more settled on the prairie south of town in 
1826, but moved in 1890 into Newman. His 
cousin. Major Sam Ashmore, settled on Brush)' 
Fork in 1830. and was one of the leading 
spirits in getting the slaves of Bob Matterson 
started otY for Liberia. Matterson, in 1840, 
brought fifteen slaves into the townshi]) from 
Kentucky. The abolitionists in the \ icinity de- 
termined the "niggers" should lie freed, as they 
had come into a "free" state. Two or three, 
however, returned to Kentucky with their mas- 
ter, though one olil man named Wilmot re- 
mained here and was still in 1884 a resident of 


Douglas county. Quite a notable trial grew were among the early .settlers in the township, 
out of the case, in w iiich Ahe Lincoln and O. David Todd came to the Ridge in an earlv day. 
B. Ficklin were ojijiosing counsel. In i(S47 or He was supervisor of the township in 1870. 
1848 jerry Coffey came to Brushy Fork witli linally moving to .\ewman, where he engaged 
his parents. D. O. Root came in 1854 from in tiie hardware business. His youngest son 
Ohio, and has been prominently identified with is now station agent on the I., D. & W. at Tus- 
the interests of town.ship and county ever since, cola. B. W. Hooe was supervisor of the town- 
W'm. ^■nung. (if the Ridge, was the earliest set- shi]) from i8r)8 to 1873. He died in 1875. His 
tier in that .section, cuming there in i85_:;, where wife, who was the sister of Isaac Skinner, died 
he built the first house on these prairies. He in 1892. She had been a resident of Douglas 
died in 1861;. leaving three hundred and twenty county since 1839. Lsaac Wyckoff came about 
acres of land to his family. He gave six hun- 1838. He kept hotel in Caniargo, finallv ukiv- 
dre<l dollars toward building the l'"airlield Cum- ing to the Ridge near his S(jn-inlaw, ]as. 
berland Presbyterian church, and lived long Coolley. He was postmaster for in;mv years 
enough to see it erected, and his funeral w.isthe of Phrenix ])ost oflice. which was in 1891 dis- 
finst preached in it. His wife's twn brothers, continued. Dr. W'm. A. Smith came to New- 
James and h>hn Coolley. came with him and m;m in 1800, where he was a successful physi- 
also took u]) land. When ;i young man in Indi- ci;m for over a (|u;irter of a centurv. He was 
ana James split many ,1 lot of r.iils ;it fifty cents a soldier in the Mexican war, and one of the 
per Inmdred. With a cousin of his he one charter members of the Masonic lodge 
winter s]ilit twenty-fne thousand rails. His and its first worshii)ful master. las. Mclntvre 
first vote for president w;is cast for ( len. Win- came from (.'an.ada in 1S04. He was born in 
field Scott. iM-oni 1808 to 1 87_' he was justice 1805. an<l died in i8()j. Jon,ith;in McCown 
of the i)eace :wi(\ has been a life long elder of came to b'dgar CMunt\- in 1S3J, but bis sons 
the Fairlield clinrcb. He now owns three hnn- are residents of this towiishi]), where |. A. 
dred and twenty acres of l.and. John Coollry owns a line f.arm, .and several ve.ars high- 
also st.irted Willi nothing but has .accuninl.ited w;iy commissioner. Win. Ile.atoii, who 
a fine property. Rev. h m.-ithan Coolle\ , f.itbei' born in 1813, came to the i\idge some years 
of James and John, came here l.ite in 1834, and bel'ove the ('i\il w,ar. Thos. Hull l)orn 
org.anized the h'.iirheld ( nmberlaiKl I 'resby- in .\ew ^'oI■k stati- in i 8_'<), coming to Xewman 
teri.aii chiircli in 1833, contiiming its p.astor .about i8(i(). James .Morrow is .another old set- 
until i87_>. when his ni.antel fell ii]ion his son. tier, whose large f.arm lies just cast of towai. 
Re\-. C. I'. Coolley, now the liiKancial .agent of ihougli he residt's in this cil)'. He .also belongs 
l.incoln Cni\ersity. J.isi.ih I ).aines came from to the ( i. .\. R. .and is .a Mason. 
I'ennsylv.ani.a in 1834. He built .1 inimber of 'idle m.ajority of the early settlers have 
houses in the lu-igbborhood. His aged wil'e. ji.assed to the great beyond, while ,a sm.all ma- 
who is .a sister ot Jas. (iillogly, still siir\i\es jorit\- still siuwise, whose strong hands bore 
him. I. N. Co\ert, J.aines (iillogly. Joseph the heal .and burden of the d.ay. and who now. 
Dawson. .Moses Stickles .and .a niimber of others in the exeniiig of their life, are resting and en- 



joying the fruits of tlieir early toil and labors. 
Many interesting facts relating to the ])ersonal 
history of various prominent men u ill he found 
in the biographical department. 


The Newman of to-day is not the Newman 
of twenty or thirty years ago. A person re- 
turning here e\'en after an absence of ten years 
would tind but few familiar scenes left. Such 
a wave of improvement has swept over the 
town, its biiuiidaries Ijecome so extended and 
the magical wand of enterprise so touched our 
slothful industries and laggard capital that the 
progress made through these agencies has so 
changed the ti])ographical appearance of the 
place that old settlers returning on a visit after 
an absence of some years can scarcely lind their 
bearings. The old home has 1)een re])laced by 
a new Newman which has far outstrippetl the 
old one. 

The city of Newman, consisting originally 
of about forty acres, was laid out about 1857 
by B. Newman, one of the original proprietors, 
in honor of whom it was named. Mr. Newman 
was a son-in-law of Peter Cartwright, the cel- 
elirated Methodist itinerant preacher. The 
progress of the place fniui the beginning was 
very slow, the pe()])le waiting fifteen years for 
the railroad to l)e cunstructed through it. iM^r 
very many years it was bul a small \illage con- 
sisting of one church, two stores, a school 
house, Masonic li.ill, blacksmith shop and a 
dozen or so small dwelling houses. "L'ncle" 
Jiihn Stockton, who is the oldest inli;ibit;mt of 
the city and also the townsbi]), kept the hrst 
grocery store anrl was the first white man who 
slept within the limits of ijr' \illage. The first 

dry goods store was kept by John Dicken. 
First dwelling house was built by Hezekiah 
Howard, just east of where the Commercial 
Hotel now' stands, no vestige of which remains. 
His willow, "Gramlma" Howard, at the time of 
her death was the oldest person in the town, 
living long enough to see the fifth generation of 
her family in the person of the little daughter 
of the late Judge Moffit. In 1872 what is 
now known as the I., D. & W. Railroad, after 
nearly sixteen years of preparation, was com- 
]jleted, which runs through the city connect- 
ing Indianapolis, one hun<lre(l miles east, with 
Uecatur, fifty miles west, and the first train run 
through here in October, 1873. Newman im- 
mediately showed the effects of the im])etus 
thus given to Inisiness circles. Brick blocks 
went up like h<iniem;ide magic. L. J. and S. C. 
Cash, who (or manv \'ears had been the sole dry 
goods firm here, built a fine two-story brick 
store. Twd grain ele\ators have been erected, a 
fine fitiwing well — the e(|ual of ;m\- in this ]>art 
of the state — an elegant two-story brick school 
buikling with tower, in which hangs the bell, 
and a new frame building for the primarv <le- 
]iartment, evidences the fact that the popula- 
tion is ra])idly increasing. Two other churches 
ha\e since been erected, a bank established, 
lumber yards, caiuiing and electric light com- 
panv, till mills, marble works, hav ])ress, broom 
factory, tlour mills and \arious other industries 
have been located here. .\ fine ( )dd Fellows 
temple has lately been l)uilt ami last year an 
elegant K. of I', hall. The Masonic hall at the 
time it was built, 1875, was the linest in this 
part of the state. Other orders ha\e also com- 
fortal)le lodge rooms. Newman has reason to 
be ])roud of its public well, as an e\er-flowing 
artesian well for the accommodation of the pub- 



lie is to be found at the eorner of tlie public 

Newman is beautifuU}- adorned by a lo\ely 

The first school house, an ordinar\- buildinij 
erected in 1858 at a cost of about five hundred 
dollars, .stood in the center of the park. The 
upper story was used as a Masonic hall until, 
in 1875, ^\hcn they moved to their new hall in 
the brick block o\er h'innev & Ciol<lman's store. 
The old school building' was then remmed and 
the park set out in shade trees, the pagoda 
erected and seats constructed beneath the trees 
for the accommodation of the public. 

In 1874 C. \'. Walls established the New- 
man Independent. It has changed hands oc- 
casionally, but has come to be, in the hands 
the present editor, the best local newspaper and 
the first all-home ])rint established in the cmm- 
ty, and Newman owes much of her prosperitv 
til its untiring zeal in promoting the interests 
and welfare of the city. 

The griiwth of iho town was for a time 
seriously retarded by destructixe fires. In 1876 
(lillogly's Hotel, occn])ie(l bv (I. A. l""nller, was 
burned, and in 1 SS 1 .n large porli<in of N'alcs 
street was consmned, including (i\\ inn's llotel 
and several stores. .Another in 18S5 destroyed 
the entire east side of Xorth Broad wav, includ- 
ing (lwinn"s Hotel again, which he rebuilt, the 
])ost oflice. book store, ICd. Cole's music and 
jewelry store, groceries, restaurants, lawyer's 
offices, etc. The population has steadily in- 
creased until it now numbers eighteen hundred. 
A new canning factory has been built. .\ new 
Methodist clinrch is now being built. The 
town has growu so that building lots are at a 
piemium. Ceo. White, some few years ago, 
laid out an addition to the southern part of the 

city. Thomas Shaw's addition in the north 
part of the city, and Smith's addition in the 
southeast part are building up very rapidly. 
Wealthy farmers are renting their farms and 
moving into the city. A few years ago I. 
Sireibich established an electric light plant 
here, patronized only by a few of the merchants, 
as the terms were exorbitant, and it was finally 
abandoned. There is to be a plant, however, 
established in connection with the canning fac- 
tory that will light the stores, dwellings and 
streets at more reasonable prices. Newman 
cemetery lies just west of town, consisting first 
of ten acres, to which has been added. A good 
side walk extends from the city to the cem- 

Some of the leading men of the county and 
town were former residents of Xewman. New- 
man gi\en three county clerks and three 
c<iunty superintendents of schools to the county, 
and has sent forth se\'eral ministers who are 
making their mark in the world. .\ number 
of young men, boi'u ;nid raised hcie, who ha\e 
graduated from our schools, and later on from 
medical colleges, are now successful pbvsicians 
in other fields. The railroad officials sav more 
business is done in Newman with the I., 1). & 
W. in any other town on the This 
is a great grain center and also a temperance 
town, there ha\ing been no saloons here since 
1X75. In 1878 a license was grantcil to drug- 
gists to sell li(|Uor for meclical |)ur])oses. This 
possibly m;i\' ha\e been abused, but there are 
no legalized licensed estal)lishments for the re- 
tailing of s])irituous drinks in the city. The 
lust hotel was ke])t by Mrs. Susan Hell, a house 
comprising a poiiion of what is now the Ma])le 
llotel. which is a good house in e\erv respect. 
The City Hotel was built by Thus, (iwinn, after 



his being burned out in two fires. Situated 
close- to the depot it is convenient to traveling 
men, who patronize it largely. R. Thomas has 
the largest tile factory in the county, its ship- 
ments requiring a special railroad switch. The 
first postmaster of Newman was Frank W'ells. 
who also had a grocery store in an early day. 
G. W. Smith was his successor. The other 
"Nasby's" have been Hugh Cook, J. \V. King, 
A. J. Hoover and T. M. Sidenstricker, the pres- 
ent incumbent. 

The vast majority of the citizens of New- 
man own their homes and there is quite a de- 
mand here for houses to rent. A number are 
erecting hotises to be rented. 

Iniprovcniciits. — The city of Newman has 
through the thrift and enterprise of such citi- 
zens as Culbertson, Roots and other good peo- 
ple, been placed far in ad\ance of other towns 

of its size in the state. Mr. Culbertson has 
taken deep interest in Newman city and New- 
man township. The interest he took in the 
building of over six miles of concrete side 
walk in Newman and the business blocks he 
has erected attest his public spiritedness and the 
love he has for Newman and Newman people. 
SociiTty. — I shall l)e easy on Newman peo- 
ple, for, as a rule, I found them warm hearted, 
h(jspitable, gentlemanly and womanly people. 
They seem to well understand that the world 
was not made entirely for their own special 
benefit, but for others as well. They are far 
superior in public improvement and in beauti- 
fying their city and homes to any other com- 
munitv in Douglas county. The village is 
tull of first-class business and professional men, 
whose standing in church and S(_iciety is, as the 
world goes, unimi)eachable. 




James P. llcaton. \\Iii> was a ])r( miiiiciit 
citizen of Xcwman ami a nicniliiT i<\ its hoanl 
of education, was Imin Aui^iist i(>. 1S45, and 
died March 14. :Si)-, ai;cd fiftx-one years, six 
nioutlis and t\\ent_\- ei,i;lu days, lie was a n;i- 
ti\e of (ireene count\', I 'enns\I\ ania, where his 
early youth was |)assed anmnL; the ])icturesi|ne 
hills and scenery of that nicuintaincius region. 
He was a son of William and Mary lleaton. 
At the aire of sixteen \ears he came to Illi- 

nois and located on the Ridge, four miles north 
of Newman. At that time there was no church 
building in that section and in \HU) when the 
Cumberland Presbyterians Iniilt their church 
he contril)uted liberally toward its construction 
and helped in the good cause in various ways, 
]n 1S7-' he joine<l the Methodist church, and 
when the M. E. church on the Ridge was built 
he and his brothers contributed largely toward 
its erection, upon ground donated by their fa- 
ther, who located on the Kidge sometime dur- 
ing the '5*^^ -'"d entered a tract of laml ol 
1 ,4(.)0 acres. He afterwards li\ed in h'd'.'ar 
county from iSj:; until 1885. when he mo\cd 
to Newman and li\ed there until his death in 
1 Sijy. 

James Heaton not long in beciining one 
of the most .ind prosperous citizens 
in his neighborhood. In 1S71 he bought a 
tract of l;m<l now known as the .Spimg llrjuich 
.Stock harm, loratei' iusl o\er llie line in h' 
county. J lis |)rinci]i:d 1 ion was stock 
raising, his farm containing ()00 acres. In ad- 
dition he owned a business block anil a residence 
in Newman, whence he removed in 1^(85, ( )n 
March 4, 1873, he was wedded to .Miss Lottie 



Harris, of Cliariti>n. Iowa, a daughter of juhn 
and Lucinda Harris. To their marriage were 
born live cliilihen. three of uhuni are !i\ing-: 
Eva E.. wlio is the wife of Joe Walker, a law- 
yer of Tuscdla; Ada' May and Boyd H. 

Mr. Healon held .several local offices, was 
four vears su])er\isor and was collector for the 
same length of lime nf his township ni ]'~dgar 
count v, and at the time of his death w;ts a men.'.- 
ber of the hoard of education, and city alder- 
man of Newman. He was a member of the I. 
O. O. F., and in the death of Mr. I leatmi New- 
man lost one of her most pnpular and usetnl 
citizens, who was always ready to ailvance tlie 
interests of the community in which he lived tor 
the common good of all. 

tncky, antl a daughter of Washington lies, who 
was a stock bn\'er and who was horn in Ken- 
tucky and emigrated to .S])ringfield, llhnois, 
where he li\ed until his death. 

Frank E. Loose located in Douglas county 
in about 1880. and on September 3, 1879, he 
married Miss Fannie, the only daughter ot 
the late Mr. and Mrs. lohn M. Madison (see 


Frank E. Loose, one of the leading farmers 
and business men of the county, residing upon 
his farm in the north suljurb of Tuscola, was 
born in the city of Springfield, Illinois, in the 
year 185Q. He was reared on the larni anl 
was educated in S|)ringheld. his fathet "s tarni 
lying just .south of the cit\-. I lis father. Jacol.) 
G. Loose, was born in l-'ranklin count)'. Penn- 
sylvania, just across fmm the Maryland line. 
He sank the first shaft in the vicinity of Spring- 
field, on his own farm, mortgaging almost 
everything he had to accomijlish this, and his 
venture was richly rewarded by finding a paying- 
vein of coal, lie bei'ame (|iule well to do, and 
died on his farm in 1874. M;u-y I'dizabeth 
(lies) Loose, his mother, was a native of Iven- 

sketch). She died June 25, 1897. She was 
born in Tuscola, and was nearly thirt}-five 
vears old at her death. .\t the age of fifteen 
she united with the Christian church of Tus- 
cola, in which denomination she was an active 
church worker throughout the rest of her life. 
\\'hen seventeen years of age she w as united in 
marriage to Frank E. Lo(.xse, who survives, 
with their only child, Jennie, who is aliout fif- 
teen years old and was the constant companion 
of her mother. In 1898 Mr. Loose married for 
his second wife Miss M. Estelle, a daughter 
of Svlvester J. Paris, of Tuscola. Mr. Loose 
owns two hundred acres of valuable land ad- 



joining the city of Tnscola. and also owns tlie 
hnsincss Ijlock now occnpicd liy Warren & 
Mnrpliy. Aliont iSgj he joineil the Christian 
fhnreh and has heen an olfieei" in it e\xT since. 
He is the father <>f luie chdd, a dauL;hter, Jen 
nie Ehzahcth Loose, who is now in eollci^e at 
Jacksonville. Mr. Loose and wile reside in 
their heantifnl h<inie in the snhnrh ol Tuscola, 
where they are e\'er reaily to !.;i\e .1 hospitahle 
welcome to their inan\ friends. 

RK\'. W. v.. Ml'.A.WS. 

Re\'. W illiani I",. Means, proprirtiir of the 
Atwood I lerald, was l)orn at I'aris. I'.dgar 
county, llinois. June _'8. i(S30. i \v attended the 
district school (Inrin"- the winter, wdrkiiii;- on 

]»repare<l to enter T^aris hii^h school. In 1S74 
he niatritailated .it the .\ort1iw fstern I'nixer- 
sit}', and was graduated from the theological 

department of this well-known institution in 
the farm during the summer months, nntil 
the classed' iSj*). .\ fter gra<ln.ition he wasad- 
inUted to the .Minnesota conference ol the 
.Methodist L^])isco])al church, and ,'ippointed 
pastor of the Rushmore charge, where a hand- 
some four-thonsand-dollar church w;is hndl, 
free from deht. In the middle of the second 
\ he was appointeil to Ln \ erni', where the 
church was .greath' hlessed during his lahors 
with a sweeping re\i\al, the chnrcli completed, 
,nid the way prepared for the jiaying olY of a 
ciatshing deht. J'inding the Minnesota winters 
Colder than he liked, he found an o]iportunity. 
in the s])ring of 1S84. to transfer to South 
K.ansas conference, where during the year he 
was instrumental in huilding two places of 
worshi]). a temporar\' huilding in L'ort Scott, 
Kansas, which alterward hecame ( irace clun'ch, 
an<l a heautiful \illage church at lliatt\itle, 
Kansas. The two years following were sjient 
at Moran, Kansas, and were \ery fruitful. 
IVhjre than a humhed were gatherecl iiUo the 
church, and the church thoroughh' oi-g;niixed. 
.\ pastorate of three and a half years on the 
C'aney charge was likewise fruitful in re\i\als, 
deht ])aying and church huilding. In ( Jctojicr. 
iS<)i. Mr. Means was in\ited to hecome ])as- 
tor of the Methodist h'piscopal church at .Sid- 
nev. Illinois, and the following year passed a 
])!-os|)erous \ear on the .\twood charge. l*"ail- 
ing health compelled him to ictire from the 
])astorate in the fall ( d' 181)3, and he has since 
held a superinnner.iry relation to the Illinois 
confrrence. <d'len rendering efficient service in 
the ministry, without assuming the responsihili- 
ties of a p;istor,d ch.argi'. In iS()5 he leased the 
Atwood Herald, and purchased it the follow- 



ing year. The paper was established in 1888, 
and is independent in j)olitics. It lias a good 
circulation and is an excellent advertising 

Mr. Means was married in 1884 to Miss 
Ella M. Chesnut, of Delavan. Minnesota. To 
them have been biirn one chiKl. a son. Lyril, 
aged lifteen years. Mr. Means is a son of 
Thomas N. and Jane( (Juiett) Means, natives of 
Ohio and Tennessee, respectively- His grand- 
father, William Means, was of Scotch-Irish 
descent. In manner Mr. Means is approacha- 
ble and unassuming, anil is highly respected Ijy 
all who know him. 


Ste])hen Redden was born in Bracken coun- 
ty, Kentucky. April 14. 1818. and was a son 
of James Redden, who ha\ing a large family 
of children growing up resoi\ed to gi\e them 
a better chance by going west. Consetpiently 
he made a flat-hoat, and, with his family and 
se\'eral of his neighbors and their families, 
he embarked <>n the ( )hio ri\er for what was 
then consideretl the far west. Stephen Redden 
was at that time four years old. At Louisville 
they would not trust the flat-boat to carry them 
o\er the falls, but were put ashore and either 
walked or were con\c\cd in some other man- 
ner to Porthuul, just below the falls, where tliL- 
boat landed and took them on lioanl. 'I'hey 
landed at Evansville, Indiana, sometime in the 
fall of i8_'_', and after disposing of the llit-boat 
and investing in an o.\ team Mr. Redilen and 

family started for the land of promise, the 
Prairie state, while the other families cast their 
lot with the Hoosier st.ate. It was no uncom- 
mon thing for them to meet l)ands of blanketed 
Indians and see droves of deer, or to be "lulled 
to sleep" at night by the "music of the wolves," 
on their journey irom the Ohio ri\er to the 
small village of Terre Haute, Indiana, which at 
that time consisted of a tavern, a few saloons 
and stores, and a horse ferry to cross the Wa- 
bash river. They located on Big Creek, Edgar 

county, where they remained until 1830, when 
they removed to Coles county, now Douglas 
county. Here Ste])hen Redden grew to man- 
hood at the hard labor of making rails and 
breaking the new prairie soil with o.\ teams, 
but occasionally taking a little pastime with his 
trusty rifle and his faithful dogs, and many no- 
ble Inicks dropped at the crack of his rifle and 
many a sheep's life was saved by his dogs get- 
ling the wolf before the wolf got the sheep. In 



Iiis later clays, while suffering in his last sick- 
ness, he wnulil forget the racking pains while 
telling oi his hunts in his hoNhoml days. .\t 
that time there were no schools that he could 
attend and all his education was recci\ed l)y 
reading from the light nf liick(jry hark hurned 
in the old fire i)lace. He ne\er learned to write, 
hut his mark on any note was worth one hun- 
ilred cents to the dollar. 

He was married to \'ashti Winkler in 
March, 1840; he made rails all day and was 
married in the evening. His wife was horn in 
Warwick county, liuliana, I'V-hruary 2. iSiS, 
and was a little owr two months older than 
iiim. He hought eighty-four acres of laud a 
sliorl time aftc'r he was married, at tweuty-two 
dollars ])er aci'c, an<l ]>\ frugality and strict 
economy he [)aid for the land aud Inult a house 
in which he h\ed until his <lcath. Ills helo\eil 
wife de|)arteil this life March j, 1 SjS, leasing 
him without an\' children, llis home w. as deso- 
late, hut 1 'ro\i<lence lailcd that U last hut a short 
lime, .and he w;is .again ui.arru'd, this tiuie to 
.Mrs. Mary .\. Tinkle, of ( harleMoi,, Illinois, 
Novemher' 3, iSSo. .She hccn to him a 
!()\'ing wife, a f.uthfnl comii.iuiou. aud during 
his last sickness a trusted uui'se. prolougmg his 
days hy her untiring an<l constant attention. 
Lincle .Stexe, as he was fauiiliaiK known, was 
strictly honest in his dealings. \\v peacefully 
fell aslee]) in the .ai'ms of his .S.i\i(iui' at eleven 
o'clock A. M.. .\]ird 17. |S()~. at the ri]ie age of 
seventy-nine vears .and three davs. Ills widow. 
Mis. Marv A. Redden. two I'hildren liv- 
ing hy her lirst hushaud: Aaron 'I'., in 
and Malissa. wife of II. K. .Morgan, of .Mur- 
dock. .Mrs. Redden resides a gre;it deal of her 
time .at .South llaven, Michii'.an. .She owns 

three hundred and four acres of land in Sar- 
gent township ancl forty acres in Bowdre town- 


|ohn 'P. Irwin. retire<l f.armer. and for manv 
ye.ars a highly resi)eete(l citi/eu of the count v, 
is a son of George and Jemim.a ( Russell) Ir- 
win, ,and was horn in Lawrence cotnitv, i )hio, 
M;iy jS, iS_>4. Ills f.ather was u native of 






.- V' 







.Montgomery countv. ( )hio, and his mother of 
G.ahell Countv. W I'sl \ irgini.i. ( it-orge Irwin 
was horn ( )ctolKT j^, ijt)<). and dii'd .May J_^, 
iSjr. Me followed the occu]i;ition of farming 
])rinci|)allv ; emigr.aled from his native countv 
to l.;ivvrence countv, ( )lho, in the w.iv iSiS. 
lie w .IS a son of 'I'lioinas Irvv in. w ho was a na- 
live of Ireland, aud served in the war of iSij. 



John Russell (maternal grandfather) was horn 
in Virginia and was a weaver hy trade. 

In 1870 Mr. Irwin reni(i\ed fnim Ohic. to 
Illinois, and settled on a farm of three hun- 
dred and twenty acres, two miles north of Ca- 
margo. where he continued the pursuits of the 
farm until 1894. In that year he retired from 
active business and removed into the village of 
Camargo. where he and his wife reside in one 
of the most beautiful homes in the village. 
When he retired he divided his property among 
his children. 

On September 11, 1845, he wedded Miss 
Lettie Wiseman, who was born in Monroe 
county. Virginia, and was a daughter of Isaac 
and Sarah (Ramsey) Wiseman. Her grand- 
father, l.saac Wiseman, was probably a native 
of Virginia. To John T, Irwin .and wife have 
been born eight children, four of whom are 
now living: William T., who resides in Lhi- 
cago; Lewis K., who resides on part of the old 
homestead; Harriet, wile of Dr. W. H. Burt- 
nette; and Ida May. wife of Charles D. Ham- 
mett, of Tuscola, i hey have hjur dead : Sarah 
J., Mary E., Jane and Ella. Mrs. Irwin was 
bom May 6, 1827. They will have been mar- 
ried tifty-tive years their next wedding anniver- 
sary. John T. Irwin's early advantages for an 
education were very limited, he having attended 
only fourteen days in all at school. Me has 
served as supervisor of Camargo township, and 
he has been superintendent ol roads. 

On July 4. 1861, he volunteered in an in- 
dependent company of Ohio cavalry. 'I hese 
were ninety-day men called out to serve uiild 
they were superseded by ;i comp.any of regulars. 
On Inly _'_', i8()3, he joined the Xinety-hrst 
Ohio X'olunteer Infanlry, as hrst lieutenant of 

Company D, and in the following October he 
was wounded in a skirmish near Mt. Pleasant, 
Maryland, which disabled him for further act- 
ive service. He was licensed to e.xhort in the 
Methodist Episcopal church in 1865. 


Chas. L. McMasters, dealer in grain, coal 
and seeds, and a popular young man of Tus- 
cola, was horn on a farm three miles north- 
west of Tusc(^la, in Tuscola township, March 
26, 1867, and is a son of S. L. and Hannah 

( Maris ) McMasters. win > were natives of Parke 
county, Indiana. In \X(») bis father sold, his 
farm and remo\ed to Sand Springs. Kansas, 
where he folldwcd f.irming .and stock raising 
until his dealb in May. 1870. ;ifter which bis 
mother, with three children, two sons and one 



daugliter — Charles heinq' the vonnQ-er — re- Scotcli-Irish ancestry and were memhers of t!ie 
nioxeil to W'inllelil. Cuw ley cnunty, Kansas, I'reshyterian clnn-ch. I'he latliei- dieil in 1X7:;. 
wliere she resided vnitil the spring- nl 1X77. at;ed almnt si\t_\- li\e years; the nmiher died 
thence niox-int^- to Jo]ilin, jasper county. Mis- wlien oni suhiect was ahont f\\el\e wars 
souri, where slie chetl Octoher 3. of the same old. 

year. In March, 1878. Charles, heinj^ only in Mr. Lindsey was reared on a f.arm and re- 

his ele\'enth year, returned to Tuscola to li\e cei\ed a coninion-scliool educaticjii. and w as en- 
wilh his nncle, janies Haxis. Jlere lu' weiU t^as^ed in f.arniini; in ( )hio up to .St'j)k'nil)er 14, 
to schcKil until l'"ehrnary, iXSd. when lu' he- 1855, when he einii^rated to llhnois an<l locat- 
canie a clerk for 1 );i\ is iv h'inney. in the i^i-ani ed on ;t farm in Ivli^ar connt\', which he rent- 
business, and remained their liodkkceper and 
conlidential clerk up to 1SS8, when Mr. l).i\is 
ilieil. The hrm was then succeeded h\' JMnnc}' 
& McMasters, which husiness continued up tcj 
181^1. when Mr. .McMastersliought the inter- 
est o| lii> jiariiu'r and since then heeu .alone*. 
Me is U'.iw in the midst i>f ]iromises to he 
a most successful husiness career. I le hu\s and 
selK .ahout two hundred ami lifl\- thou^aud 
Iiu.^hels lit grain ainui.alh. and aKi, deals in 
coal for the local trade. 

Mr. McMasters has tin-ice heen elected to 
the eiffice of cit\ ti'easuiei-, Ir-Iouos to the 
Masonic and Red .Men fralenulies and is de- 
servedly popular ui husiness and social larcles. 

fOlIX I.TXD.Sl-A-. 

ed some llirei,- or four \e.ars. lie then houghl 
torty ;naes .and tilled this until 1S71, when he 
removed to .and rem.aiiied tlu're for 
.ahoul two \ears ,aiid a h.df. .at the end of which 
lime he returned to Illinois .and loe.iu^d 
jolni l.milsey, owner of the l".\er;'reen Mcklin. mi .a f.uan of , me hundred .and thirt v- 
l.arm. two miles west of Tuseol.a. horn in I'our acres, which he liought .and still owns, 
h'airlield county, Ohio, .\pril j. i8:;,.|, .and is He resided on tin's f.arm until 18X5. when he 
a sou of and Mary ( r.l.ackhuru ) i.iud- came to his I'Aeigreen larm, which cont.ains 
sey. I hey were hoth natives of Irelaui!, one hundred .and sixty acres, 
■and .atter their m.arriage came to this country In 1S5:; he united in maiiiage with 

111 .ahoni \Sj(). They were hoth desceiid.ants of Miss l'",lix,aheth h'.hert. who .also Imiih iu 



Fairfield county, Oliio. Slie is a daughter of 
Daniel and Mary (Gaul ) I'^hert. To their mar- 
riage have been horn ten children. John Lind- 
say is one of the devout and useful nieniliers uf 
the Methodist church. He is a pleasant, affa- 
ble gentleman, has accumulated a considerable 
competency, and resides in a beautiful home 
where be is surrounded by the modern con- 
veniences and comforts of life which fittingly 
crown an active and successful career. 


David Cooper, an old and uni\crsallv re- 
spected citizen oi Tuscola, wlio has long led 
an unselfish and benevolent life, was born in 

1 . ■ ^ 



W ^ ,^ 


\ ^ 

Greenbrier county, West \'irgini;i, in the year 
1813. He is a son of b'rancis and Elizabelb 
(Miller) Cooper, who were both born in ihe 

same county. Simeon Cooper (grandfather) 
was also a Virginian by birth, and was in the 
Revolutionar}- war. Henry Miller, his moth- 
er's father, was born in (ierman\-, and was 
among the old settlers of the Old Dominion. 
He was also a Revolutionary soldier. 

David Cooper grew to manhood in his na- 
ti\e county, his early schooling l)eing almost en- 
tirely neglected. y\ttheage of twenty-seven years 
he emigrated to Lawrence county, Ohio, and 
was there engaged in farming up to 1856, when 
he rem<)\-ed to Kansas, remaining there but .a 
short time, when he went to Nodaway county, 
Missouri, and lived there for seven years. In 
1862 he returned to Illinois, and settletl in 
Champaign counts , and some twenty years ago 
located on a farm of twD hundred acres in 
Tuscola townsliip. which he still owns. In 
1886 he retired from the farm and removed to 
Tuscola. On April 11, 1839, he was united in 
marriage to Miss Virginia Asbury, who was a 
native of Greenbrier county, West \'irginia, and 
was a daughter of William .\sbur\-, also a na- 
tive of the same county. She is still living and 
is in the eighty-third year of her age and the 
sixty-first year of her marriage. 

Da\'id Cooper, or, as he is familiarh' 
known as "Cirandpa Cooiier" has been a devout 
and consistent memljer of the first Methodist 
Episcopal church, second, the United llrethren, 
then joined the Free Methodist church, of 
which he has been a member aliout twebe years. 
making in all about seventy years a member 
of the church, a most remaikalile record of ;i 
remarkable man. W ithout family intluence or 
outside help of any kind Mr. Cooper has not 
only succeeded in life, but has un^eltlsl1l\• 
helped others to succeed In aboiu 1888 he was 



chicllv instnniR'iilal in the ImiMin^ (if the l<"rcc 
Methdchsl church, in the northwest part of the 
citv. It is a frame eihtice, 3'>x4'> I'eet, with a 
seating capacity of about three luiiidred. Rev. 
Jenkins, of Areola, is the pastor. The nieiiiljer- 
ship is composed, in the language of Mr. Coop- 
er, "of the jilain. coinniDU pc(i[)le." lie is the 
trustee and local eliler. and occasiunally gi\es 
the congregation one ot his sermons nn "did 
time religion." 1 he .Sahliath school in con- 
nection with this church numhers about eight}- 
children. Mrs. K.ate l.anib is the cl.ass leader 
of the cinn-cb. l>a\id Cooper has gi\en thou- 
sands of dollars toward the building of I'hnrch- 
es. While living in Champaign county he 
ga\e one thousand, fixe Innidrcil dollars toward 
the building of the .Methodist clinrch locati.'d on 
bis farm near I'c^otum. It has siui'c been 
bought b\ the Cmted rirethreu people and 
iii(.)\'ed to the \ill;iije of resotum. 

he the ])ractice of Law :it Tuscol.a, becom- 
ing ;i member of the linn of llundv iS; Wdol- 
\erton. lie remained with Mr. Ilundv for ten 
years, until the death of the latter in 1SS5. 
l""rom this time up to his death he was alone \n 
the ])ractice. Col. \Vo(ilverton w:is the son of 
Charles W. and .\manda (llohand) \\dol\er- 
ton, who died when Charles W, was an inf.ant. 
His father was a millwright by trade, but to 
his mother much of his success in life due, 
she being a woman of fine intelligence and will- 

ciiAKLb:.s w. \\()()L\b:;croN. 

Chai'les W. WooKiTlon. tor m;mv years 

noted ;is a lawyer in 1 )oiigla.s C(iunly ;md ])ower. In llnishing the sketch of Mr. W'ool- 

tbroughout Illinois, born .it Kel- veiton, we will substitute the woiils of the emi- 

viderc, Illinois, l''ebi-n;ny jj. 1X47. and died nent l)oct(jr llunl. l.ile ]i;istor of the I'resby- 

.Xovember nr, iS()3. in the lUrty ninth year of tenan clinrch, instead (pf our own: 
his age. In June. 1 SSS. he married .Mrs. blliza- "(.h.arles W. W'ooKerton born at I'.el- 

beth ('. Remine, who .at that Imu' the offi \i(Iere. Illinois, .and ,at the time of his decease court rejiorter of the then district nearly completed his fort\ ninth \ Ilis 

coiniiosed of Douglas, Coles and I' conn- \cjutb w;is markt'(I with the most industi'ions 

ties. and e.anH'sl efforts towards self education, in 

Mr. WooKerton .a gr.adii.att- of Mc- which he depeiiilenl l.argt'h' on his own re 

Kendree C ollcge. ,and so. Ill a Iter his L' ion sources, .and to which ellorl .added lu-ces 


sary exertion wliich he manfully rendered on bath mornings of an intent and interested lis- 
hehalf of his widowed mother and family. He tener to such views of truth that 1 have at- 
wronght his way through the entire course of temi)ted to present, and the knowledge and e.K- 
prescribed studies, and graduated from Me- pectation of this has lieen a help and a stimn- 
Kendree College, at Lebanon, Illinois. While lant such as few perhaps realize. 1 he warm 
engaged in teaching he pursued the studies pre- grasp of his hand whenever and wherexer 1 
paratory to the legal profession until he was chanced to meet him, with his in(|uiries and 
admitted to the bar. His first experience as an words of sym])athy, notwithstanding his habit- 
attorney was in connection with the office of ual reserve, ha\e prepared me to feel that I 
the well-known lawyer and representative, have lost a friend and to have still deeper sym- 
Thomas E. Bundy, some years since ileceased. j)athv which words canmit express for those 
"Mr. W'oolverton as a lawyer, as a man and most nearly bereaved. Mr. Wiuiherton was re- 
as a citizen is well known in Douglas county served in the expressing of his feelings and 
and beyond. By the same incessant industry, sentiments." 

and honorable attention to the fiduciary trusts The funeral cortege was a lengthy one, and 

and duties of his profession, he has won a large the number of distinguished men in attendance 

success, and a distinction which, with the prom- was unusually large, all of which deiionstrated 

ise of life precetling his last fatal sickness, the high esteem in which he was held by his fel- 

would have ripened into eminence among his lowmen. The pall bearers were Messrs. P. M. 

peers. E\en as a young lawyer he was able to Moore, United States Marshal W. B. Brinton, 

execute in two instances the largest bond for Rice Er\in, Thomas W. Rolierts, James .\. 

the discharge of important financial trusts Richmond antl P. L. Dawson. The remains 

which had ever been e.xecuted in Douglas conn- were laicl beside those of the late John J. Jones, 

ty, and his fidelity in all commercial and civic both of whom were warm friends in life. The 

relations was so well understood that up to Horal offerings were \er)- fine, and some lovely 

the time of his departure from our midst large pieces came from those who held iiim in noble 

trusts were committed to his hands. Of ir- esteem. 

reproachable character as a man, he leaves large 1 he deceased during his twenty years prac- 

numbers who will deeply feel the loss of his in- tice of law had built up a large clientage, and 

valuable worth among us. The members of his manv duties and responsibilities made him 

the bar, honoring his memory on this occasion, a very busy man. At the time of his death he 

are sincere mourners with most nearly was attorney for the 1. D. & W. Railway; also 

and deeply afflicted. The large fraternity who for the Corn Belt Building & Loan Association, 

have known him as a member, as a brother and tlte bank of Baughman, Bragg & Co., and was 

as a man, attend in charge of the interment manager of the large estate of John J. Jones, 

of his body to-day with regret and with love and several other large estates, besides having 

unfeigned. As his chosen pastor for nearly on hand many important cases in court at all 

five years 1 have been conscious on many Sab- times. He did business on a large scale, and 


tlie peiiplc sought him l)ccause nf his integrity it may 1)e, hy hidilen generosities of our 11a- 

and honesty in his cleaHngs with them. turc, sudilenly (h-a\vn uijon in all of the inten- 

He was a member of the following JMa- sity of deep-seated sorrow, and thrnugh the 

sonic hodies. to-wit : Camargo lodge. Xo. 440, gloom see. as hrighl lining, the nohler elements 

.A. !•". & .\. M.. Camargo, Illinois: Tnsrola of the true man. 

Cha])ter, No. (>(<. R. A. M.. Tuscola. Illinois; This custom is not of mere form, hut of 

Tuscola Couni'il, Xo. _>i, l\. >S; .*>. M., Tuscola, deep merit: an oi)])ortnne time for contempla- 

lllinois: .Melil.a Couimandery, Xo. 37. 1 nscola. tion of true worth and trut' mauhond. \ielding 

Illinois. fruitful lessons for the present ami enduring 

thoughts to guide us on into the otherwise ob- 
scure and unknown future. .So the dark pall 

EUi.oc.v OK HON. noR.vcK clakk to the i,.\te of death brings the white-winge<l dove .ami 

COL. c. w. wooiAKKTON. proclaims the brightest sulijccts. 

To-d.iy we make no draughts upon our 

The painful duty, at the re(|ncst of the charity in speaking of the subject of the reso- 

Douglas County bru'. is iin])o-ed upon me of hitions which I lia\e the great hdUor .m be- 

oriicially announcing to tln> couiM that one of l,alf of our li\iiig brothers to ]ireseut to this 

the members has passed away; one to whom we court. Well we know and realize that to your 

were iiound by strong ties of personal esteem honor persDiiallv oui' words of praise and coni- 

and friendshiii. .md by ties ot i)rotession;il as- mendation will meet with a heartv response, 

soeiation as ;i practicing I;iw\er: one who lion- .Xninml the lil'eless form (jf Ch.arles W. Wool- 

ored our jirofosion, and w;is honored by it. verton has been drawn the mantle of de.Uh, and 

That such a duty should come is p.ainful, we the \eil with re\ erence to look u]m m his 
yet fate-bound and nn])ossible to escai)e there- life and with wirds n\ truthfulness to 
froiu. With the realities before us, and speak of him. Knowing the youthful struggle 
with i)ower to recognize the same, in onr m.anly with poverty, .and ambition of the .Xmerican 
strength yieliling to the it is ;i pleas- boy of Illinois birth, we see his elastic furm and 
ing task to speak honest words of eulogy of the reliant journey up the stejjs of learning, .and 
dead and words of symijathy to the living, it while possibly chiding his hard lot, side by side 
is always thus with us, when grim de.ath en- with hi- more fa\-ored companioirs, with de- 
ters otu' circle and with ;i|ip.arent ruthless hand tennined nnen, ncr\ed b\- the oppMsition, he 
plucks those who seenungly cm least be sp.ared. m.arches .alongside bis competitors with long- 
With the spirit of frankness we s.ay it is al- iug hope of nltim.ate success. .\s year (piickly 
ways so, lor when, perch.ance, one ol less de- follows year we lind him with self reli.ance, 
gree is elanneil for that bourne of eternity, without assin-.ance, in the I'orcniost r.anks of his 
there ci iines as a beliel, it seems tc 1 us, viitue ;nid professii m ,as a lawvi'r, and his ]);ithw .ay, .anic mg 
merits lorgotten .and unlier.alded like the still, struggles .and dis;ip]iointments, strewn with 
undisturbed repose of true ucrlh, magniried. inounnK'nts of |)rofi' success. In look- 



ing back through years of untiring labor 
we see success written upon liis every effort. 
Witii pliysical strength and courage the citi- 
zen stands with all the enibellishment of the 
practicing lawyer and able jurist. And among 
those who speak his praise and his worth are 
many who in every day life received the en- 
couraging word and the helping hand, an<l 
joined with these are the expressions of hearty 
gratitude of his young professional brethren. 
With sturdy, honest and untiring labor and 
fidelity came tt) him rennuierating trusts and 
such a competence as to place the loving ones 
who mourn his loss beyond the reach of want 
or dependence. His home has lost a jewel, his 
wife and daughter a kind husband ami father 
and a genial companion, and his sur\i\ing 
mother a son whose every effort was resitonsixe 
to her wishes. The community has lost an 
upright citizen and the Douglas county bar has 
lost a brother worthy of our profession. With 
the unbounded confidence of all courts betore 
whom he appeared his professional honor was 
ever beyond question. He was a close practi- 
tioner, eloquent and forcible, seldom indulging 
in invectives or sarcasm. ^ et his power and 
force of character always inspired the court 
and jury, as it did himself, with cmifidence in 
the justice of his cause, and he was at all times 
a formitlable ach'ersary. 

in the forty-ninth year of his age. in the 
very prime of mental and ])hysical life, with 
sturdy qualities of honest heart and hand, ;uid 
in full manhood of usefulness, our brother 
Charles W. Woolverton, by infinite and un- 
known I'rovidence. has been cut down. With 
bowed heads to the ine\itable. we must be re- 
signed, and as out of the eternity we today 

and now seem to hear voices whispering from 
the "shadowy silence of the grave" we join with 
reluctance our voices in a k)ng and last fare- 
well to our friend and professional brother. 


R. S. Foster, one of the oldest citizens of 
Tuscola, was born in Clermont county, Ohio, 
March 4, 181 8, and is a son of Israel and Mary 
(Kain) Foster, who were natives respectively 
of Berkley county, Virginia, and Clermont 
countv, Ohio. His mother was a daughter of 
Daniel Kain, who was born in Willi;imsburg. 

Ohio, and was a member of one of the early 
pioneer families of that section. His father, 
Israel Foster, was born in 1793. and in 18^7, 
with his family, moved to Bracken county. Ken- 
tuck v, where he engaged in farming on the Ohio 
river, tweKe miles below .\ugusta. the county 


seat of Bracken CI lunty. He (lied in 1S78. in the eighteen years he joined Company C, Eight- 
eighty-fifth year of his age, wiiile on a visit to ecnth Indiana Infantry, was mustered into the 
his tlaughter in Keokulv, Iowa. 1 ic was a sul- service and was out foiu- \-ears and two months. 
(Her in tiie war of iSij, 'iliere are few soldiers who .served longer in the 
R. .S. I'oster receixed a common-school edu- Ci\il war than Dr. linrtnctt, although he has 
cation ;md after Icaxing school lu- was engaged ne\er a])])lied tor a ])ension, nor would ;icce])t 
in farming in Urackeu count}', residing at Fos- "He it it were tendered him. in ])olitics he is 
ter, when, in 1X7S, he renioxed to Douglas t'lc- .same as he is in all other affairs of life, 
county, where he has since resided. .\Ir. Fos- strictly inde])endent. lie is inclined to favor 
ter has heen twice married, lirsl, in 1X3S. t, , '''c Repuhlicans of the anti-monopoly ty])e. 
Miss Elizahcth Tuttle, of Maine, whose death '"'^ '" i''^</' lie voted for Brvan. In iShS Dr. 
occurred in the .same year of her removal to this l^m'tnett located in Douglas county, in the 
county. His .second wife was .Mrs. IClixa Iv pra^t^^'-' "I '''^ l)rofess'on, au<l in iXjj he lo- 
Kohens whose maiden njuue wa. Maxwell. ^■'"^''' =^' Camargo. where he has continued to 
She was a native of I'.racken couutv. Ke.ituckv, ''^■'^'''^'- '" '^'>^ ^'^' ^^tahli^hed liis ] resert drug- 
and at the time of her marriage was a resM.-nt ^'"''''- ■""' '"^^■^' "''" '■'"^' '^^' '^''^ ""' ''""^' ■'^" 

of lM,ster. .Mr. P'oster owns two luuMrcd au.l """''' ''''^'''' ^'''''^'"' ''' l"'"-'"^''-b-- 

Dr. Wilham 11. llurtiiett was graduated 

froui the .Mianu Medical College, at Ciucin- 

1-or the past \v\\ ye.ars Mr. I'Hster has been 
conlined to Ins home w itli rheumatism, gett'iig 
out ouly occasional! \. I K' has li\ ed a long and 
nsetul life — a man of strictest integrit\- and 

se\eiUy-two acres of land in Areola township 

which is one of the line'-t farms in the couut\' 

,, I . , , .1 ^T .1 r I- ■ 1 "''l'' '" ''ic class of iSf)-, and suhseinieiUlv he 

lie IS de\i)ted to the Methodist h.piscopal ' . ' - 

, , , ..... ,,,,,• took a special course at Ind'auapolis. ( )n lau- 

cliurch. In politics he is a stanch Kepulilicaii. 

nary ,^ 1 , 1S71). he w;is m.arried to Miss llattie. 

a datiglitcr of John .M . Irwin, df Camargo 

( see his sketch ). .Slu' is a nati\e of Lawrence 

county, ( Hiio. The) lia\e two children, 

hut hoth .ire deceased. Dr. lUirtnett is a man 
tearless in \oieing his convictions upon any r 1 1 • i- ■ t t ■ r 1 ,- ■ 

' - ot marked mdi\i(lualit\' ; IS perfecth- Irank .mil 

subject. , , ,■ • ,■ ■' , , • 

onts|)okc'n on (|uestiiins in line with his coii- 

\ictions ;md which he believes to he honest 

W. II. r>C l\T\'l'7rT, M D ''"'' '''!^'''' •'""' ''^ uni\ers;illy with all 

who undersland him. 11. I'.urtnett. .M, D., .and 
druggist of Camargo, ;md a \ of the w;ir 
of the I-Jeljelliou, was horn in Calli.a county. 
< )hio, J.anuary T). 184:5, ;md is ;i son of (ohn 
llurtnett, who was .a n.atixe \'irgini;m. His j.ames Jones, ex-county treasurer .and pres- 

niother was Mary (iilmore, .a d.augluer of cut deputy treasurer, ;md also the present ch.air 
-Matthew Cilniore. He was reared and edu- of the county Republican central 
cated in his native county, and at the age of committee, was born in Franklin county, In- 

lAAH'.S |().\ES. 



cliana. January 24. 1837. In 1S58 lie came to 
Illinois and settled in \\'liiteside county and en- 
.s^aged in fanning. Two years later he re- 
moN'cil to this county and bought a farm in 
Areola township, where he resided uj) to the 
time when he traded his farm for one in Tus- 
cola township; upon the latter place he lived 
and farmed successfully up to the year 1.S84. 
That _\'ear he was elected hv his |)arty treasurer 
of Douglas county and mi:)st efificiently served 
in this capacity for one term. 

James Jones is one of the most unix'ersally 
po]iular men in the county. He has heen a 
successful man of business affairs and the same 
methods used in his own every-day business 
life he applies in dealing with the pnbl'c: he 
is \ery approachable in manner antl of str ctest 
integrit}- and probity. 

\\ILL1.\A1 JI. FRY. 

William 11. l-'ry, of West Ridge, who is 
the grain agent at that place for T. 1). Ilanson 
&' Co., a ])osition be has filled most accei)tably 
to his emp]o\ers and the general ])nl)lic for the 
past eight years, was boi'n in Lamargo town- 
ship. Douglas countw Illinois, l'\'bniar\' 14 
i86g. He is a son of Dnniel and Millie .\nn 
( Braughton ) Vr\. wlio were Imrn respectively 
in PennsyKania and Kentucky. Hisgrandfa- 
tliei'. Ilein\' i'"r_\-. who was born in Pennsyl- 
\ania, came west and became one of the pioneer 
settlers in L'amargo township. Daniel !'"ry, 
who came ;it the time, was born in 1 S30 
and died in 1881 : bis wife died in i8()3 in the 
forty-first year of her age. To their marriage 
were born four children : William H. ; Mrs. M. 
Entler, residing near the Mt. Gilead church ; 

James W. and G. \V. G. W, Braughton 
( grand fatlier ) was of English ancestry, a na- 
ti\e of Kentucky, and settled in Camargo town- 
shi]) at about the same time the Fry family lo- 
cated there, 

^\'illiam H. I'^ry was reared on the farm, 
and after attending the graded school of Ca- 
niai'go was one year at the Bloomington nor- 
mal ; leaving there he entered DePanw L'niver- 
sit}\ at Greencastle, indiiuia, where he contin- 
ued his studies for three vears. After lea\'- 
ing college he taught for three \'ears in Doughs 

roinitw ;it the end of which time he accepted 
bis pi'esent position at West Ridge. On De- 
cember I, 1899. li^ engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness also at West Ridge, and accepted the po 
silion of ]X)Stmaster under the administration 
of I 'resident McKinley. 

( )n I'ebruarv 2 J. i8(;2, he married Miss 
Cora A., daughter of W. H. Dodson, a justice 
of the i)eace of Tuscola. Mr. Fry owns twen- 
t\' acres of land in Camargo township, besides 



])rnpertv in the xillasijc of West Ridge. He is 
a Knight ni i'ytliias, and he and liis wife are 
meniliers ni the Christian churcli of Tuscola. 
Mr. I'^ry is one of tliat useful class of young 
men in e\cr\- count}' whose intelligence, sturdy 
integrity and restless energy atld stahility and 
force to its husiness affairs. 

JAM1':.S A. KlNCAin. 

James .\. Kincaid has thidugh his own indi- 
vidual etfort and unaided hy Iriends liecoiue 
one c)f the most successful fariuers and stock 
raisers in Newman townshi]). lie was horn of 
humble hut honorable parentage in Marion 

J^ -^. 


Ml 1^ 

N ^u 

Tpl*-- ' 


J^. ) 


^^H ^B <U| 

.^«^ iHI 

neai' the \illage of Chrisman, w here the_\- resid- 
ed on a rented farm for three years, when they 
remoxed to Newman township. .•Mpiieus M. 
Kincaid has been dead for o\ci' thirty years, 
and his wife died March y, i<)oo. b>hn Kin- 
caid (grandfather) was liorn in Rohm county, 
Ireland, and entered land in West Virginia. 
Barnett Johnson was born in New Knglaud. 
and abso entered land in West V'iigiina. 

James A. Kincaid, bv hard work and good 
management, has achieveil a success far above 
the average farmer. He owns eighty acies of 
valuable and well imjiroved land and has onh' 
recently erected a tine residence at a cost of o\cr 
three thousand dollars. In 1S74 he was united 
in marriage to Miss Caroline !•'. Anderson, a 
daughter of Elijah Anderson, who was one of 
the ])ioneers of the I'.rnslu' I'"orh neighborhood, 
having migrated from Indiana, lie was born 
in I'ose}' County, Indiana, and married in Ver- 
million coiiniw state, to .S.irali .S. James 
His death occnrre<l some eight \eais ago, and 
he and Ins wife are burieil at Albin cemetery, 
Mr. and Mrs. Kincaid ha\e four children 
li\'ing: Sarah, Nora \"., Rosa Lee, Caroline 
Elizabeth and James .\. A son, Moses Ewen, 
died September ]_•. iSjti. Mr. Kincaid is a 
member ot the .Modern Woodmen, and is well 
and la\(ii";ibly known as an iiilelligeut and up- 
to date f.irmer. 


countN. West \*irgini,i. .\ugnst jj. if^s.v and is 
a son of Alpheus M. and .Sar.'ili (Johnson) 
Kincaid. who in about 1803 emigrated lioiu 
their West X'irginia home and settled on a farm farmer of Newman township, was born near 

Daniel .\tlt), an honest and hard working 



Bedford, Lawrence county, Indiana, July 15, years he has taken an active interest in school 
184^:1. He came to Newman township in 1861 matters and for eighteen years past has served 
and was for three years a tenant farmer before as president of tlie school hoard. 

In 1866 lie was united in marriage to Miss 
Phehe Ogdon, who was horn in Illinois, a 
daughter of Alexander and Adaline Ogdon, 
who were liorn iu \'irginia. Five children have 
blessed their union: Ira: ( )ra. who is in his 
Iweutv-tliird vcar and is one of the liright 
\(iung scliool teachers of the county; Barney, 
Alma and l.uc}-. Mr. Atlo is a stanch Re]iub- 
lican in his jjohlical opinion, and occupies a 
high ]ilace in the resjjec!: and esteem of the peo- 
ple among whom he has dwelt for so manv 

he purchased his farm of forty-se\en acres, 
which he yet owns. While our subject was 
yet small, his parents removed from Lawrence 
to Greene county, Indiana, where he remained 
imtil he was eighteen years of age, w hen he mi- 
grated to Illinois with his mother and her fam- 
ily. His father, Joseph Atto, a native of 
Natchez, Mississippi, was left an orphan at an 
early age. At the age of five }'ears by some 
means he was sent north stopping at E\ans\ille, 
Indiana, and was taken by Isaac Mitchell, who 
raised and educated him. In 1841 he wedded 
Fannie, a daughter of Isaac Mitchell, who was 
a native of Virginia, and who li\ed ;uid died 
near Blotjmfiekl, Indiana. Daniel .\tto has 
been a busy man all his life, had few school 
advantages, but knew well the advantages of 
an education and has seen that his children have 
amply received what lie lacked. For manv 


Michael D. liartholomew, a reputable and 
highly intelligent farmer of Bourbon townsbi]). 
has 1)een numbered amou"' the residents of 



Douglas count}' since [8C)i. Ik- and liis esti- 
mable wife are among the pioneer settlers who 
have lived to witness the phenomenal gnnvth 
and (le\'elopment which has placed Duuglas 
County in the i'ronl rank as one nf ilic nio^t 
prosperous and highlv cultixaicd portions nf 
the great state of llliiuiis. 

Mr. P'arthi ilcmcw is a nali\c nf the state 
of .\'e\v \iirk. lie was Imrn in .^t. Lawrence 
ciiunty. -\ugnst _m . iSj^. His parents were 
l.nnian 1!. and l.ydia ( 1 )aniel> ) 1 'i.miIimIi nncw. 
'1 he laniily w;is well and ia\(ii'alil\' knuwn 
where they resided. In 1 S4_.( ihc\- cinigrated 
to the West. Snon aflcr rcai'hing tlieir new 
hiinie in .Mcllcnry cuunt), Illinois, the father 
died and the taniil\ were thrnwii n]iiin tlieir 
iiwn resources. The snhject ni this sketch 
was then eighteen years df age. 1 le cnntinned 
to reside in Mcllcnry enmity, sharing the hard 
toil and prixatiniis incident npnii the life in a 
new and nnsetlled regimi, until 1 N47. l'"c'r the 
next nine years \ ign d unity, Indiana, hecame 
his home. Here, in 1S54, he was united in mar- 
riage to .Sarah I )urhani, a native nf \ igo ci luii- 
t\', anil a daughter of Daniel Durham. Their 
marriage ])ro\ed a ha]i|)y and congenial one. 
lioth Mr. and Mrs. liartholomew are < d' l'"u- 
glish ancestry. Tlie grand fathei's . d" the sub- 
ject ot this sketch rendere<l In 'm nable and dis- 
tinguished service in the Ue\ > ilutionarv war; 
the genealog}- nf the famiK' is lr;u-e<I back to 
the earliest settlers nf .\iner:c;i. .Mr. aii<l .Mrs. 
I'artholomew ha\e been gi-eallv pi'nspered in 
iheii' Dnuglas cnuiity Iinine. Thev imw nwu 
over live hundred acres nf fertile and well cul- 
liv.ated land, situated in llnurbnu and .\rcnla 
tnvvnsliii)s. They are Imth members of the 
United Brethren clinrch at Chesterville. .Mr. 

I!arllinlnmevv has well and acceptablv per- 
torined the duties of tnvvnsbip treasurer fnr a 
period of twenty-eight years. He has been su- 
])ervisor and held miunr oflices of trust. Of 
the live children, two, l.uman and Isaac Bar- 
thnldiiievv, are well kiinvvii and prnspernus 
larniers nf linurbnii tnwnship. One (d' the 
daughters. Pvliss hili/.a, is a successful teacher. 
Twn beautiful am! inteiesting little grandchil- 
dren cnni]ilete the family circle. 

AXSO.X II. (iUI-,K.VM.\N. 

.\nsnn II. ( irecmnaii is ])|-nb;iblv as well 
kiinwii in I nscnla ,nid its envirniinient as any 
nthi-r citizen in the cnmit v . W itli the e\ce]ilii ui 

i>\ fnnr years he has continuously held the oflice 
of tnwnship assessi_»r since the vear 1881, and 



is now a caniliikite fur re-eleclioii witlinut op- 

.Anson l\. (ireennian was liorn in Noble 
conntv, Indiana. Xoxcniher ii. 1S41, and is a 
son of Anson and C)li\c ( Cunninyiiani ) (ireen- 
nian. Tiie former was liorn in Canada, and the 
latter in Oiiio. Mr. (ireenman, at an early age. 
at the death of his parents, was houncl out, and 
went through the hardshijjs that generally be- 
fall an (iri)han under similar circumstances. 
At the time of his country's peril he \dhmleered 
his services in the Civil war, and j(.>iuing Com- 
pany B, Eighty-fourth Indiana, as a private, 
iVugust 1, i8f)_', under Captain Ellis, of Mun- 
cic, antl Colonel Trussler, of Conners\illc, In- 
diana. He was four times wounded and of 
late has suflered from 1 nc wound rece \ cd at t. e 
battle of Franklin. He also participated in the 
battles of Resaca, Nashville. Tennessee, and .\t- 
lanta, Georgia. The Eighty-fourth Indiana 
participated in twenty-six battles and skir- 
mishes. In 18O5, after being mustered out, Mr. 
Cireennian settled on a fainii in .uscuki town- 
shii), and nio\ed intu Tuscola c.ty ui I'^hni- 
ar\-, 1891, and ne\er cast a vr)te any where 
else; he is a member of the Grand Army of 
the Ivepublic. 

In 1866 he was wedded to Miss Mary E. 
Gish, a lady of line intelligence, who has borne 
him four children: John L., emplo_\e ol the Illi- 
nois Central Railroad Comp.iny : ( )lhe, em- 
])lovee of the Mt. Pleasant (b>wa) Hospital 
for the Insane; Dora, wife of James High- 
land, of Champaign, Illinois, and lunma, who 
is at home. Mr. Greenman is a pleasant, genial 
gentleman, an ardent Republican and an active 
worker for the success of his party. 

W. S. MARTIN, M. D. 

William S. Martin, .\1. 1).. a well-known 
]>h\'sician of Tuscula. was born in Putnam 
county, Indiana, .\ugusl 2. 1837. .After leav- 
ing the common schools he taught school for 
eight years. During the last three years while 
teaching school he stutlied medicine under Doc- 
tor Price, of Westfield, Illinois. I le then went 
to New A'ork and entered the lielle\ue Medical 

College, the recngnized leading scln lol id" the 
United States, taking two full courses, the hrst 
in 1871 and the last in 1877, in which year he 
was graduated. 

His father was Willi.aiu II. Martin, wlm 
was born in Bath county, Kentucky, in i8o(). 
and died in i8<;7. -\t the age of twenty-one 
he located in rutnain ciuuitw Indian.H, where 
he resided until i8(io, when he reiuoved to De- 
Witt county, Illinois, and there remained eight 
years, then removing to Tuscola. Plis life was 


markeil 1)\- dec]) r(.-li,L;ii)us seiilinient ;iin1 hv tlie inc, wlm is the wile of I".. A. Link, a ])iaiui 

highest sense of C'lirisliaii (lutv. When twelve nianufactiu'er nt Chicago, and XeUie, wile nf 

years of age lie nnited witli tlie Methinhst Horace W'ortliani, wlio resides in Tnscol.-i. 

cliurch, whose (lisci])hne he li » ik at aU times as Dr. Martin's rn"st wife died in iX(>4, ,ind in 

his slanihird and rnle of failh. In aluail I'^^-'J iS<)C( he was married lo Miss i.ani'a 1'",. Smith, 

he was married lo i'lh/aheth Walton 1 )dls. Will- a \ery estimalile lady of Tnscola. 

iam Martin (grandfather) was a \ irginian hy I )r. Ahirtin own^ one ol the most elegant 

])irth, removed to Kentnck\\ and thence to homes in Tnscol;!, and has a s])lendid ollice : 

J'ntnani coimtv, Indiana, where he died. lie and also owns two farms, one of one hnndred 

was a ministei' in the Methodist cluirch for and ten acres adjoiinng Tnscola, ami a Irnit 

many years. llis wile was .\l,ar\" Cook, of farm in .Marion county. lie has ser\cd as 

English parentage, and a relatise of L'aptain ma)or of the city ,nid is a nKMnher ol the I'res- 

Cook. Dr. .Martin's maternal grandfather, hylerian cluirch. 1 )i-. .Martin's splenilid intel- 

John Dills, who was a descendant of Holland lectnal gifts, dceiily rooted in his char.actcr, 

ancestry, and of a pi-oniinent .-uid early seltle<l shine forth witlionl any effort on his ]iart to dis- 

famil}- in the \icinit}' of C\Mthi;ina, Kentucky, play them, and he is a man of tine peisonal 

Dr. Martin in uSSj look a p. ist-gradnate appearance who laxorahly impresses all who 

course at the Chicago .Medical (. ohcge. and in come in contact with him. 
iSc)5 look a post-gradnate conrse in the Xew 

\ ork I 'osl (jradtiatc .Medical ( ollege, gi\ ing 

nil ire jirn'ticnlar alLeiitiou to diseases ol the n( ise 
and throat. He is a memher of tlie .State and 
the .American .Medical Associations, and keejis 
himsell thoronghl\- in toncli w.tli the ])rogress 
and ad\anceineiit of his piofcssion. I )r. Mar- 
tin ranks high as a plnsician and snrgeon. His 
ollice is the hest supplied with insirnmenls fiir 

1011. \' ]■:. koCh.KS. 

h^hn F,. Rogers, of Tuscola, was horn near 
J;ickson\ die. Moigan county, Illinois. ( )ctoher 
3, iS_^N, and is a sou ol John and Anna I'^'aslev 

Rogers, wlio were n.iti\es o| I\en1nck\'. |ohn 

surgical operations of an\ town in central llh , ,' , ■ ,,■ , , • i- , " 1 

' • Rogers, Ins grand l.ather, Ijorn m Kentucky, 

iiois. as well as hath rodins .and electrical ap- ,- ,, , • o .■ , 1 ' 

' was one ol the earl\- ])ioneer li.iptist preachers 

pliauces for the successful treatment of chrome „, „,^. „,.i^-,,|,. ,,,, , ,,,■ |acksonyille. llis ma- 
diseases, of which for the past few years he (^,,.„,,, .^r.uuii.aW-v. Joseph Keasley, was proh- 

has made a specialty. 

In j8()1 he was united in marriaue to .Miss 

ahl\- a iiali\ e of \'irgiiiia. 

fohii !■'.. Rogers, with his rem.irkahle en- 

Katherine Thompson, of .M.anhatlau. In, liana. ^,,.j_,.y .„„| |,„-csiglil. attained a prominence 

To their marriage were horn live children, three j,, i|js calling lew men reach, and in the omi- 

daughters and two s. MIS. the l.itter .lying early mercial growth and development of Douglas 

in hie. The daughters are: .Margaret, single, county, as to its lands, he stands iun(|uely alone, 

who resides at home with her lather; Cather- His enterprises iiavc been great ami have in- 



volved a stupeiKlous amnuiit of money in ac- 
complishing tlieni ; Init time has proven Inis 
good judgment and tlie great good he lias tlone 

the C'Uint}- since he liegun his work of dredging 
and ilraining. l'"or eight }-ears he has heen a 
resident of Tuscola, and for twice that numlier 
of years has Ijeen extensixely engaged in drain- 
ing the county. In ilre<lging. draining and re- 
gaining swamp lands his contracts extend as 
far south as New Orleans, where he has per- 
formetl several contracts with the state of 
Louisiana and is still engaged in that section. 
In 1859 Mr. Rcjgers married .-Vngeline .\. 
Brooker, of Sangamon count}*, Illinois, who is 
of English parentage. They have ne\er had 
any children of their own, hut ha\e three 
adopted ones. Mr. Rogers is a Knight 
Templar in Masonry and hears an enxiahle 
re])utation as a neighhor and friend, a 
Courteous gentleman and a puhlic-spirited citi- 
zen in the conimnnily in which he li\cs. In all 
his relations of life he ha> hccn honorahle and 
just, scrnpulousK' pronqit in meeting his en- 
gagements and in performing his contracts. 

^^'^JJ.\?^I edgar rice, m. d, 

.Among the leading physicians of Tuscola 
and Douglas cotuity there have heen none more 
active and aggressive in accomplishing good 
results in the practice of their ])rofession than 
Dr. Rice. He was horn in Clermont county, 
Ohio, January 23, 1803. He was reared on 
a farm and attended the C(iuntry schools, after 
which he attended \\'esleyan lhii\ersity at Del- 
aware. Ohio, and subsecjuently entered the 
State Uni\-ersity at Columbus, Ohio, ju lioth 
colleges pursuing scientific studies. After leav- 
ing college he took up the study of medicine, 
matriculating at the Miami Medical College at 
Cincinnati, from which well-known inst'tution 
he was graduated in the class of 1891. In the 
same year he opened an office at Greenxille, 
Ohio, but remained there but a short time, com- 
ing to Tuscola that year. With his well-known 

ability and energy for hard work, it is u.seless 
to state that he was not long in getting into a 
successful and lucrali\ e practice. He remained 



alone in tlio \vi>rk n\ his ])r(ifessi(in up tn Or- 
tohcr, iSc)(S, when, his practice ha\in,i^' heconie 
very e\tensi\e. lie fornu'ii a jtartnersliip with 
Dr. Walter (_'. I'.lain. (See sketch nf Dr. 
lilain. ) 

Dr. Rice is a nieniber nt' llie Cliici .Slate 
Medical, Miami C'onnly (Dhio) .Mc(h'c;il, ami 
the Counlv ( illinois) Medical So 
cieties. He is .also a niemher in l;-oo(I st.-milinj;' 
of the Kni,i;hts of I' and the I nifornie<l 
Rank, KniLjhts of l'vthi;is, and heen a I'ep 
resent.atixe to the ^r.and Iodide of order 
tor the past six years; is also a niemher of the 
i. ( '. ( ). 1'.: ;i riemher of Tnscol.a lod^e. No. 
,^3_', .\. v. i\; .\. .\!.: Tiiscol.-i Ch.-ipicr. .\'o. r/), 
Roy;d ,\rch M.'isons, ;md Melita ( 'omm,indcr\', 
\o. 37, K. T., ;md ;i Wdodm.-ni : ;d>o a memher 
of the cit\- ho.ard of he.altli of Tuscol.i, ,-iiid a 
memher of the Mcllio.hsi clinrch. Dr. Rice is 
snrq-eon for the 1. D. iV W . Coinp.anv 
uml local sin\Qeon for the Illinois (/ 

I lis tat her, ( icor!.;e W. l\ice, hy cn-cnpa- 
tion ;i t.armer, stock r.aiser and toh.acco i^rower, 
and ;i n;iti\e of Kentucky, lint reared in ( )hio. 
His mother hel'ore her^e was Miss K.ate 
(i. I'razier, honi m ( )liio. In ]H()n Dr. Rice 
weilded .Miss 1'. Rn^l, of ( )liio. To ihem 
has heen horn one child, M;ii\ Katherine, 
aged se\en vears. 

Latter on another pa,L;'e ) . which ])artiiersliip was 
li irnied l''\' 1 , i Scj3. 

.Mr. li.aker horn on ;i farm in Juniata 
comity, l'enns\l\;mi.a, .\pril ij, iS()_', and rc- 
maineil on the l.ariii, recei\iiij;' the adxantag'cs 
ot the common schools until he had ;irri\'ed at 
the ;i;';e of fifteen years, when he entered the 
eni])loy of the Pennsvl\;nh,a t'om- 
]i;my ;nid hlled the |)ositions of telegraph op- 
erator ;nid ticket clerk ;il dil'fereiit ]ioints on 
the middle di\ision, on the m.aiii line ln-twcen 


.S. 11. l'.,aker is ckassed .anioiii;- the snccess- 
lul .and enter])i"isinL; \onni; hnsiiu'ss men of 
.\rtlinr. He is a nu'inher r,f the well known 
f^rain Ih-iii of Maker \- Ciliill (.see sketch of 

HarrishnriL;' ;ind Altonn.a. In iSSo he came 
west ;iiid located in Illinois, ix'in.iinini; one 
year, when he returned to I V'nns\ K ,inia .ami re- 
eiUereil the ser\ ice o| the I 'enn>\ 1\ ,ini;i R.ail- ('iim]i,an\ in the c,ip;icit\' of telei;r,a]>li 
o|)er;itoi- and ticket cU-rk on the Schinlkill 
di\'ision at I 'ottsti 'W 11, .\h iiiti^oinei y connt\'. 
In 18XS he came li.ack to this st.ate ,and located 
in I'i.itt county. .■inil st.iiion .i^ent .at .Mil- 
mine, on the W .ah;ish sxstt'in. continniii!.;- there 
np till tXi)j. In year he^ed to the 
employ of the t . iJv L. I. t'omp.anv 



and was their station agent at Artliur up to 
his going into the grain business in 1895. 

In 1885 Mr. Baker was united in marriage 
to Miss Alice Dol)son, a daugliter of Robinson 
Dobson. of Mihnine. To tlieir marriage have 
been born three chikh-en : Fk)rence and S. H. 
Baker, Jr., Hving, and Jesse, dead. 

S. H. Baker comes of sturdy Pennsyl\-ania 
Dutch ancestry, and is a son of Jesse and Susan 
(Zeiders) Baker. Tiie father was I)orn in 
Montgomery county, near Piiiladelphia; the 
niotlier in Perry county, near Liverpook Penn- 
sylvania. His grandfathers were Peter Baker 
and Henry Zeiders, who were members of old 
and respectalile families of the Keystone state. 

The firm of Baker & Cahill, who carry on 
business for themselves as dealers in grain, 
coal, seeds and mill feed, do an annual business 
of about fifty-one thousand dollars. Mr. Baker 
is a member and secretary of Arthur lodge. 
No. 825, Free and Accepted Masons, and is 
also an acti\e memljer and one of the oldest 
trustees of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
which was organip^ed in 1894. He has attained 
his present positimi in the liusiness world 1w 
industry and close attention to the details of 
his every day's work; is public spirited and in 
favor of all inipro\ements calculated to benelit 
the community in w hich he resides. 


Eli r'osler Cahill, member of the well- 
known grain firm of Baker & Cahill, of .\rthur, 
was born in Mercer ctiuntv, Kentuckv, October 
_'. 18^1, and is a son of (Iransou and Ellen 

((joff) Cahill. He was reared on a farm in 
central Kentucky and came frnm that state to 
Aloultrie county in 1874. In 1894 he and his 
partner succeeded C. A. Davis in the grain 
l)uying business, and the firm of Baker & 
Cahill is rapidly liecoming one of the most im- 
])ortant in the cimnty. Mr. Cahill owns one 
hundred and si.xty acres of land northwest of 
Arthur, in Moultrie county, and while residing 
(^n the farm he served three years- as highway 
cimimissioner, was clerk of the school board 

for nine years and for ele\cn years ser\'ed as 
school director. 

In 1878 our subject was united in marriage 
with Mrs. Emily Robertson, of Moultrie coun- 
ty, Illinois, and they ha\-e one child, Nellie. 
Mr. Cahill is a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity and of the Christian church, and is a 
pleasant and courteous gentleman, well known, 
wide-awake and progressive, and is in the vigor 
of manlioocl, with ])rospects of many years of 
usefulness in store for him. 




D. X^. Magnei" is classed aniung- the relialile 
and successful business men nf the countv. He 
located at Arthur in 1X73. and lias since been 
identified with the best interests of the village. 

a.nd is the pioneer of Arthur in the lumber, coal 
and cement business. 

Our subject was born i)i Rush countw Indi- 
ana, ( )ctober 30, 1X4,^, and is a son of Z. H. 
and Margaret (.McCorkle) Magner. His fa- 
tlier is a native of Herks countw l'enns\l\ania, 
and bis mother of llourbon county, Kentuckv. 
llis father, who was boi-n in iSi)^, and die<l in 
.August, iS()S, was formerly a merchant at 
I'aris, Illinois, llis uMtliei- died in 1S55, aged 
fifty ye;u-s. James .Magner (grandfather) 
was :i nali\e of Maryland and a son of a 
Kevolntioiiary soldicT, 'fhe .Magner family, 
which came from Irel.ind, lias resided in .Amer 
ica since about the year \()^n. James .McCorkle 
w;is a X'irginian by birth, emigrated to Ken- 
tucky as ;i pioneer .-md died tliere. In iN3_:5 I ). 

N. Magner, then nine years old, came to Paris. 
Illinois, and upon the first call for troops in 
1S61 he volunteered in Com])anv H, .\iiitli Illi- 
nois Infantry, and served for three years and 
lour months. He w ;is wounded at the battle 
ol .Slnlob or Pittsburg Landing, was t.aken 
prisoner ;il the battle of Corinth. ;ind parlici- 
liated in sixty-six engagements during the war. 
for fourteen years be was in the r.ailw.av mail 
service, on the Chicago & hlastern Illinois Rail- 
road ;uid X'andalia line. In iH~7, be started 
in his present business, but in 1 XSo be sold oin 
lo C. .A. Reeves. He bought tlie business b,-ick 
in 1X1)4. ;uid since time has been carrying 
on a most successful business. Mr. M;igner 
h:is been president .-uid trustee of the village 
111 lard. and is ,a member of the ( I. A. R., I. O. O. 
h. and .M;isoiiic fraternities. 

In |X(,_> he was wedded to .Miss Mary 
Thom. of llillsboro, Illinois. i'hey ha\e three 
( Inldren luing: iMarg.iret, Marv and Ruth. 
He and wife aie members of the Christian 
I hurch of .\rthnr. 

COL. W I'.SLORM) 'f ACt; \RT. 

Col. Wesford Taggart, a resident of Tus- 
col;i. who I', ,r many years has been well .and 
la\dr;ibly known tln-oiigboul Dimglas countw 
\\;is born on a farm near the village of .X'asli- 
\i!le, Urown i-onnlx', ln<Ii.ina, November 17, 
1X33. llis father was C.apt. James 'fa.ggart, 
who scrx'ed in the .Mexican w .ar .as captain of 
Com])any L, of Sen.ator J.ames II. L.ane's regi- 
ment, of, .and was killed in the battle of 
I'nena \'ist;i in the 1X17. Col. 'faggart's 



mother was Jane Wcddell, who was l)oni near 
Ih-istol, Tennessee, and whose fatlier, Tliomas 
Weddell, was a lieutenant in command against 
llic inchans in the lialtle of I lorseshoe I'.end. 
Ilorida, wliere he was l<illcd. Tlie Colonel's 
tjrandfather. James Tagig^art. was a native of 
Xorth Ireland, of Scotch-Irish ancestry, who, 
while vet a hov, eniis^rated to Rockinj^ham 
county, Virginia, wliere he married a Miss 
I'etterson, and soon thereafter remo\cd to In- 

diana territor\-. lie tii-st located at Lecsville. 
Lawrence conntv. thence to the vicinity of 
Nasli\ille. where, in the year 1852, he died, 
aged ninety-two years. All his life he was en- 
gaged in f.arniing, and was a meniher of the 
United Brethren church. 

Col. Wesford Taggai't remained on the oM 
Ilrown connt\ homoli'.ad until he arri\ed at 
the age of seventeen years, when he went to 
r.loominglon. in the same slate, where he en- 
gaged in hl;icksmithing, and frmn there re 
moved to h'.dinshnrg, where he remained until 
1860. lie then removed to ("harleston. Illinois, 
tliere conlinuing at his Ir.ade uiUil the hrealsing 

out of the Civil war, when he was among the 
fnst to \-oluntei'r his services, hut was rejected 
from the h'irst Illinois Regiment on account of 
il being so quickly e(|uip|)ed with the re(|uire(l 
number of men. He at once commenced to 
raise a company himself, which he soon com- 
]iieted, and was mustered into the service June 
r, iSC)i, at St. Loin's, in tien. Seigel's division, 
under the command of Gen. Fremont. He 
campaigned through Missouri and Arkansas ; 
was in the battle of Pea Ridge; transferred to 
the .Vrmy of the Mississippi, and was in the 
siege of Corinth. After the capture of Corinth 
he was transferred to the Army of the Cumber- 
land, and was in the march to Louisville, Ken- 
tucky. On his rettn-n he was in the attack 
on Bragg at I'erryville, thence went to Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, and was in the fight against 
Cragg at Stone River; also in the attack at 
Tullahoma, where Bragg was dri\-en across the 
C,uml)erland monnt.'iins, the Union forces still 
pursuing until the hard fought battle of Chicka- 
uiauga, .September ly and 20. .\t Stone River 
Col. Taggart was promoted to the command 
of bis regiment, and after the b.attle of Chicka- 
niauga, for merit<irious conduct, be was ])ro- 
moted to lieutenant-colonel of his regiment. 
He was also in command at Missionary Ridge, 
\\ here the Confederate lines were broken and 
Bragg's army routed. Immediately after this 
he was in the ft)rced march to Kno.xville to re- 
be\e (ien. Burnsides. He was also in the battle 
ol Uandridge, Tennessee, where the rebels un- 
(ier l.ongslreel were routed; then he returned 
to Knowille, where he remained some time, 
when be joined Sherman at Ringgold, (ieorgia, 
and ]);n tici|iated in the capture of Atlanta. Im- 
medialeh- thei-eafler he came north and was 
muslered out of the service at .Springfield, llli- 

r.rocRAriiicAL and tttstortcal. 


nois, Scplcmlier 5. iS^q. He rctiinu-d tt) 
Charleston, and injrnniar\' n\ the fullDwini^' year 
renioN'ed to Tuscola, where he has since re- 
sided. I'mni iSr>5 ti) 1 SOS he was sticcessfully 
engaged in the grocery business at this place, 
l.nt in the latter year sold his .stock of goods 
and engaged in the manufacture of buggies and 
light wagons, being engaged in this up to 1876. 
when he was elected sheriff of Douglas county 
on the Democratic ticket. The county was 
strongly Republican, but it did not ])re\ent his 
re-election in 1878. In iSSfi he was elected to 
the house of re])rescntati\'es from the district 
composed of Douglas. Coles and Cumhcrla?id 
counties. 1 le served on the military, penal, elec- 
tions, .soldiers and or])hans' home couimittees. 
In i88t Col. Taggart engaged in the furniture 
rmd undertaking business with A. L. F.lkins, 
who has since died, his |iresen( p.artncr being 
Silas R. Williams. Their house is the largest 
of the kind in the CMun(\-. 

On January jo, 1850, he was married to 
Miss Julia .Skinner, of llnmillon. Ohio. Tm 
them have been horn seven children, of whom 
three are living: Lizzie, wife of .Andrew In- 
gram, of Tuscola; Susati. wife of II. C. Mor- 
ris, of the same ])l;ice, and .Margaret, single 
and at hoiue. Col. Taggart was ;i meiubcr of 
ihe city council several tiiues and takes a deep 
iiiterest in the welt'are of the cilv, where he re- 
sides in one of the most pleasant hunu's in the 
ci luntv. 

JCDCl'.J. 1). MCKDt )CK. 

Judge Jiihn I). Murdock, of Murdock. is 

a (lesrendant of .Scotch-Irish ancestry. His 

grand bather, W'illiaiu Murdock, left the north 
ol Ireland .and came to this country previt)us 
to the war of the Revolution, in which he took 
an active part. .\s far as is known, he was 
ilic lirst of the name in direct line who came 
to the new' world, lie settled in Monmouth 
county, New Jersey. (Charles Uhlera, nephew 
of Judge Murdock, has a comi)lete genealogy 
of the Miu'docks in America.) John Mur- 
dock's father was Ijorn in Monmouth countv. 
New Jersey, about the year 1775. and followed 
farming, as did his father. At the age of 
.aliout twenty-one he emigrated to Butler coun- 
ty, C)hio. This was in the early part uf the 

last century, ;md he .aiuong the earliest 
settlers of that section. Here he married Re- 
becca Little, who was also descended from an 
old New Jersey faiuily. She was the luother 
ol John I). Murdock, of Murdock. who was 
iMirii on June 15, iSiO. Three years after his 
birth she was drowned. The sad incident oc- 
curred in fording a small sfream swollen bv 



recent rains, wliile returnini;- in a wagon ti^ 
lier home from Cincinn;iti. 

John D. ]\iurili>ck recei\'cd his eihicatinn in 
a snl)scri])tiiin school, the first taugiit by a Dr. 
Johnson, in llie httle town of Wa.shington, 
Wayne connlw Indiana. It was liere hy close 
attention to liis stmhcs he laid the foundation 
for tlie education which afterward serve<l as 
a means of raising him to a jxisition of influ- 
ence in the community. .After a residence of 
about six years in Wayne cmnity he. with his 
father, in 18J7, removed to Tippecanoe coun- 
ty, then a wild and unsettled region. He was 
ele\en years old at this time and grew to man- 
hood in this county. The life of the family was 
that <d' pioneers. Here he developed those 
qualities of self-reliance which subsequently 
entered into his success in life. In March suc- 
ceeding his twenty-first birthday, he wedded 
Miss Martha Morgan, whose ancestors \yere 
of the early settlers of Tennessee. Her father, 
Venzant Morgan, removed from Tennessee 
to Ohio, and from Ohio to Tippecanoe county. 
Mr. Murdock after his marriage removed to 
a rented farm, his cash at this time 
consisting of $12, he owinng one horse and 
buying his farming inqilements on time. .\ 
gocid crop crowned his labors of the first 
and he was put on a better fijoting for the 
second >'ear. In four }ears he had accumu- 
lated money enough to purchase eighty acres 
of land, which he did in Fountain county, In- 
diana, where he renunefj with his wife. He 
gained a pronnnent position in the count \' and 
was chosen county commissioner. 

In January. 1854, he visited lllint)is in 
search of land. He first came to Georgetown. 
X'ermilion county, thence by the wax- of Hick- 
ory Grove to Camargo. He bouijht three hun- 

dred and thirtyacres of land at eleven dollars an 
acre, and removed his family from Indiana the 
tollowing .\pril. .\ split-log house, too small 
for the accommodation ni his family, stood on 
the tract at the time of the purchase, so he 
jirepared a frame house in Indiana, hauled it 
to Douglas count\' and put it ujion the premises 
ready for the reception of his family. He has 
owned o\er one thousand five hundred acres 
<d" land since his residence in Douglas county. 
.\mong his neighbors in the Murdock settle- 
ment were James I'rewer, Denis Daniels, 
Ephraim Drago, .Anderson Campbell, and 
Isaac and Rol)ert Carmack, John Jordon, and 
Uncle Billy Timl)rook, who came later. On 
the organization of Douglas county Judge 
Murdock took an acti\e interest in the jjroject, 
de\otiug both time and money. ?le was asso- 
ciate judge of the county for six years, and 
has held various townshi]) offk-es. He is at 
present trustee and steward iif the Methodist 
lipiscopal church. In 1S37 he married Mar- 
tha Morgan, of Indiana. She died February 
8, l8gt. Their children living are: Watson, 
a farmer and grain bu\er; Nancy Jane, the 
widow of Sinclair Helm; Wilbur, residing on 
a farm ailjoining Murdock; Mrs. Martha 
Flelm. of Tuscola, and Mrs. Lida Dewees, of 
Terre Haute. In i8gj he married for his sec- 
ond wife Mrs. Sarah M. Bentley. iicc Campbell, 
the former wife of Dr. Morgan .A. Bentley, 
who died in Kankakee, May 3, 1890. He was 
a graduate of Jefferson Medical College, of 
Philadelphia. Mrs. Murdock has two chil- 
dren, now living, b\- her first husband: Nel- 
lie, wife of Mr. \'an Morgan, and Rev. L. C. 
Bentley, who was born in 1864. and was grad- 
uateil fr(.im the DePauw L'ni\ersity, at (ireen- 
castle, Indiana, in i8c)4. and from the Theo- 



loqical Seniiiiriry nf P.cKtnn. in iS()5, and. is town, one year at Sparlansbiirg, a]I in Penn- 

nn\v |)asl<ir (if the ImtsI M. K. elunvli in I'.ra- sylvania, and .me year at Camart^-d, illini)is. 

/.d, Indiana. After cmnin.t;- west he read law wrtli the law 

Ih-ni <if I'A-khart iK: .\hMire at ■|'nseola. lUinuis. 

afterward entering- the law department of the 

Wesleyan L'ni versify, loeated at l!l(»iniin<;-- 

ton, Mlinois. and was qnKhiated in tlie elass of 

|()II\' 11. fl lAI )\\ !( K. '>'■ 1 1^' '■^■turned tu Tusr.ila in 1 S(;_>. and was 

eleeted to the nfllre of state's attorney, which 
John 11. Chadwirk, state's alturney of posilidii he h;is held ever since. The lirst law 

Dont;las ouinty. is a nati\e of Washin.i^ton ■'^uil he e\er tried was as attornev for the state. 

coinilw I'einisylv.ania. lie was reared on a lie was nin'led in ni.arria.s^'e to Miss I'dla 

tarni sewn miles sonth of W.a^hini^ton. the K'nssell. of (.'hrisman, l]| in |nlv. iS()4. 

Comity seat. He attended the country schools They ha\e two t-hililrcn, I'errv .Moreland and 

John Russell. 

■Mr. Chadwick is entirely self educated, 
haxin.L; carneil the iiioiify |,, ohi.ain his educa- 
tion li\- wiirkin.!.; on ;i f.arm. sellini^ hooks and 
nia]is ;md teachim;- si-ho(.l. | [e has keen a li.ard 
student ah lii-^ life. ;md h:i^ ohiaineil success l)\- 
hard work and dc\oiion to duty. .\s a pnlilic 
])roseciiloi- Ik- has hi-t'ii \er\' snccessfiik In 
addition lo hi\ diilies he ;i j^ood 
civil ]ir;u-tice. 

l.^U Ak'.i. A. DR.NKI':. 

niitil .•ihoiit foiirteen years of a.L;e, .nid then Israrl A. 1 )i-akc. one of Tnsi-oLi's retired 

attended school /n W.isliiiiqioii I'or .1 short farmers, was lioni iit i'.iitler connlv. ( )hio, 

time. lie ;dso .illended c.ille.L^e ;il Waynes- Jannary jj;. |S:;.|, ,ind is a son of .\':ilh:Mi 

hm-L;. ;in<l the .'<i:iic \',, sclio,.l ;it k'.din 1 'rake, also ;i n.ii i\c , ,f the s;nne coiiiil v. Mis 

'""'"■ l'eiinsyl\;iiii;i. lie L',r;idii.ili-il from tile iiioiher was .S;ir,ali (iardner. .'i native of X'cw 

latter institnlion in the cl.iss of 'So .and c;mie Jerse\-. .\ath:m 1 )r.-ike emij^raletl from ( )lno 

west in the summer of iSX;. .Mr. ( h.idwick tr. Nd.-^o couiily. Indi.-ma. in ;ihont 1 S :; 1 , ;in<l 

lan^lit school lor ten years, wris one yi',-ir prin- in 1 S41) loc;iied in ( oles (now Doni^ias) coniiI\. 

cip;il ;it Miles ( two years ,it 1 )eiii]>sey- in (i.irrett to\\nship. where he |o, ,k up .ihout 



tliree hundred acres of land at a dnllar and 
Iwenlv-lue cents an acre. He resided here 
Inr alidUt twenty years. Ijecoming wealtliy, 
l)r niinent ;uid hii^iily respected. He only re- 
cently returned to Vii^o county, and died in 
Terre Haute, March 2i), 1899, in tlie eighty- 
seventli year of his life. He was a meniher of 
the Bajitist clun-cli, and the lirst I'.aptist nieet- 
1 ig hell in the county was held at his house. 
After the death of his first wife, hy whom 
he had five children, he was married to Rhoda 
La Foroee. 

il on his father' 

arm until the age of sixteen. 

Israel \. 1 )raK'e reniame 
Butler county 
since which time he has resided in wdiat is 
now known as Tuscola, with the exce])tion of 
twenty years in Decatur. Douglas county. 
While in Decatur he ran the Drake Hotel, 
which he owned. .-\t present he owns one hun- 

Nancy (larrett. sister of Caleh and daughter 
of Isom (iarrett. The latter was among the 
\ery first white settlers in the township which 
bears his name ancl he it was for whom it was 
named. A full and complete .sketch and 
portrait of iiim will he found elsewhere. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Drake haye been horn three 
children: Jasper, who resides in Lincoln, and 
is a memlier of the Masonic and Knights of 
I'ylhias fraternities: William, who li\-es at 
Milwaukee, and Mrs. iMinnie Drake Tyler, 
who is one of Tuscola's leading milliners. 
Mrs. I^rake is a member of the Tuscola Presl)y- 
terian church. Mr. Drake is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and his son William is one 
of the highest and brightest Masons in the 
state t>f Wisconsin, and is also a Knight of 


Wiliam lies, a member of an old and early 
settled family of Kentucky, and at present one 
of the most successful farmers in Douglas 
count\-, was born at lies Mills. r.;ith county, 
Kentucky. December 31. 1S44. He is the .son 
of William lies, a native of the same county, 
who was a son of Thomas lies, born in Ches- 
ter county, Penns\l\ania. His grandfather 
lies was a memlier of the old Kentucky militia 
and fought in man\' battles against the Indians 
in the \ icinity of Bryant's Fort. The lies ha\e 
l)een tillers of the soil back to William lies' 

dred and fifty acres of highly im]>rovcd land 

in (larrett township ami a beautiful home in great-grandfather, whi.i was ,-i nati\'e of iMig- 

Tuscola. land. His wife was M.ary lies. Mr. lies 

in i8c;4 be w;is uniteil in marriage to Miss mother was Miss J;ine 11.. a daughter cd' \\ ill 



iam !•". (ii-nrqe. of M( mti^omery (miw I!atli ) 
(ouiity. and was a iiali\'c of Greenliricr countv, 

William lies wris reai"e<l in I'.atli cnuntv, 
and at his father's ilcath, l-\-liniai"\- jj. iS4(), 

lie was left an orphan at the early age 
of a little o\er cme year. On aecount nf the 
war. his aih.antat^es were limiteil 
and all the ])rii|)erty heloni^iuL;^ \i> the faniih- 
was swept .awaw llis nidther died ni 1SS4. 
Ill iX()3 he e.-inie tn ( amars^n lnwuslii]! and 
hiiught a nf Lanil and resided in a li i<^- 
eahin on the taini nn wlueh he nnw li\cs. At 
the present time he nwns three hnndred ;md 
sixty-three ;ieres in one tract and three hniidreil 
and fort}' in annther. 

In iS(jj he was m.arried |m Miss May 
Ilammett. a dau.s^hter of the Lite J;imes R. 
llammett, wlmse sketch is fnuml mi .'mnthei" 
|i;ii;e ni this wurk. W' lies is a worthv 
exam])le id a self-m;ide man. ( 1 immeneint;' 
with nntliinw- t'\c-c|)t his nwn indi imil.ahle en- 
erij\' ;ind ednraye. he li;i-~ siieeeeiU-d in the 

husiness wurld far ;iho\-e the^'e man. lie 
is (Jiie cif the must extensi\e stuck raisers in the 
countv. as well as one of the must pithlic-siiirit- 
ed of its citizens, l-'ur the past thirteen \'e;i,r;.s 
he heen jiresident of the l)oii£;las Ldimty 
I'air .\ssoeiation. hlling- this place with rare 
cxeetitixe ahilitw and heen connected .with 
ii in one wav nr aiiniher e\"er since its nr^'ani- 
zation. Me has hel<l the office of supurvisorr 
of Camaryo townshi]) several term.s and was re- 
cently defeated for the same office l>y m.anipnl.a- 
tiiins nnworthv of the opposition. In ])olitics 
he is a standi l)emocrat, that kind of |)enioc- 
racy which Jefferson l.-niiiht and which is heiiit;' 
re\'i\-ed to-da\- h\- W |. I'.rv.nn. 

LE()\".\U1) j. WNhyni. 

Leonard j. W \etli was one of the ])ioneers 
of coniitx'. .'ind a mrm ol \;iried husi- 
ness interests, ■ amassiiif;' a fortune of .almut 



liiree liundred tlmusand dollars wliile a resident 
nf Doug'las county. He was of W'elsli ances- 
try, and was born in Wendell. Franklin county, 
Massaclnisetts. January 13. 1827. and died at 
his home at Tuscola, January 24, 1898. He 
was a son of Nathan and Hannah (Kellog) 
Wyeth. ' natives of Massachusetts, and his 
grandfather was (lad Wyeth. In 1839 Mr. 
Wyeth's parents moved to Licking county, 
Ohio, and eight years later our subject was 
united in marriage to Miss ^leiinda Xorth- 
wav, a nati\e of the town of Sherman, Chau- 
tauqua county. New York, and a daughter of 
Samuel Hiram and Charlotte ( Seagers ) 
Northway, natives of Connecticut and Mas- 
sachusetts, respecti\'elv. Seven children were 
the result of this marriage, three of wiiom at- 
tained the age of maturity; Mrs. ( leorge Cal- 
laway; Mary, and Clarence L., whose death 
preceded his father's only a few months. 

The prosperity and growth of the west 
attracted Mr. Wyeth. and in 1851 he came to 
Illinois and settled in Coles county. Here he 
resided until 1858 and then moved to Douglas 
county, where he afterward resided. lUiilding 
a small store r<_)om on Houghton street, just 
opp<isite the court house, he engaged in mer- 
chandising with Merrill and ( )li\er I lackctt. 
That was the beginning of Mi-. Wyeth's busi- 
ness career, a career winch has scarcely a 
Counterpart in the history of the county. The 
parlnei'>hip with .Merrill and ( )li\er llackett 
was dissoKed in 1831). and a new hrm was 
formed with Thomas I). Craddock, of Ch;irles- 
ton, which was continued imtil i8f)4. In 1859 
the tirm erected a business room on the site 
now occupied bv h^iekl's pharmacy. This 
building was sold, and another and more com- 
modious structure was built on the site now oc- 

cupied by the Cono\-er building. In 1865 Mr. 
Wyeth disposed of his drv-goods store to W. 
H. Lamb and J. .M. Maris. He then formed a 
jiartnership in the bankitig business with Jos. . 
(1. and William I'. Cannon under the firm name 
of Wyeth, Cannon & Co. This firm remained 
in business until 1870, when the First Na- 
tional Bank was organized, Mr. Wyeth being 
one of the promoters of the institution. He 
was a director from the organization of the 
Lank until within a few weeks of his death. 
In October, 1872, when W. P. Cannon retired 
from the ])residenc\' of the First National, Mr. 
W'veth was elected to fill the vacancy, winch 
he did until January, 1873, when H. T. C'ara- 
way was elected. In 1873 Mr. W'\eth bought 
the ( larrett farm of eight himdred acres in 
( iarrett township. He mo\-ed on that farm 
in 1873. biit returned to the city in the fall of 
1878. taking up his residence in the house on 
F.ast Scott street which was afterward his 
home. .\t one time he li\ed in a house that 
w;is erected on the site of the W amsley gro- 
cerv store. Later he built a residence just 
east of the M. E. church, which he sold to the 
late Thomas E. Macoughtr}-. Mr. Wyeth 
also built the house now occupied by Farmer 


Mr. Wyeth was the largest property holder 
in Douglas couiUv. He amassed a fortune of 
$300,000, represented by three thousand acres 
of land located in this county, $30,000 in bank 
slock, $7,000 to $8 000 in go\'ernment bonds, 
besides jiersonal property. In 1893, during a 
severe attack of illness. Air. Wyeth made a 
dixision of his wealth, disposing of the greater 
]iart of his ])ropertv. The will that was e.xe- 
cuted at that time was revoked. The latter 
part of December. i8()7. Afr. W^'eth made a 



m-w (lixision of his property. Tlie (Ii\ision 
wa;, about equal between his daughter, Mrs. 
George Callaway, and daughter-in-law. Mrs. 
Lizzie \\'\eth. He executed deeds to them 
conveying what property he liad allotted to each 
one. To Dr. Callaway he transferred his one 
hundred and ninety shares of stock in the 
First National Bank. This will w hich was ex- 
ecuted at this time bequeaths only the prop- 
erty which his wife was to have, consisting of 
the iiomesteail. seven or eight thousand dol- 
lars in government bonds, and his hank account 
and other i)ersonal property. .\11 this pn>i)erty 
was gi\en to her .ibsolutel)' uilliinit any re- 
striction whate\er. Mr, \\ yctli four 
brothers and one sister li\ing, .S.imuel, Albert 
am! llMnias, of Coles county, josciih .S., of 
(iarrett, and Mrs. Cofer, of Areola. This 
town ,it th;U time welcomed every newcomer, 
I\lr. W'yeth. at the \ ery start of his business 
life, was .as bold in his purpose as in lonn were 
the hills on his falhcr's f.nin in the slate of 
Massachusetts. Success in honi Table business 
w;is the cml he sought, and thai end w;is at- 
tained b\ wise foresight, inst me.ins. uiillag- 
ging endeaxiir am! nninipcach.ilile 
( )ut of respect ti < Mi. W \ fib. all > if the business 
bouses were closed dni'ing the hour of his 


J.imes Morriiw. i'\k- <<i the well known cit- 
izens of Newman, and w In 1 has led an acti\e 
and successful business life. w;is born in lirown 
county, Ohio, .\o\ember 3, iS:;.', and is de- 
scendeil from English and Irish progenitors. 

He is a son of J.ames and Le\ina (Drake) 
Morrow, who were n;iti\es of R.rowii county, 
Ohio, His grandfather and grandmother on 
his father's side were born in li"eland. and mar- 
ried in Brown ciiunty, Ohio. His maternal 
granilfather and grandmother (the latter Miss 
\\'eathers])oon ) were respectively born in Eng- 
land and America. James Morrow remained 
oil a l.'irni in Brown count\ until he had arrived 
at the age of twenty years, during which time 
he attended schools three months free and three 

mmitlis pai<l fur. In iS^j he migv.-iled to 
Moiilgiiniery county, bnli.ana, and here for 
Some lime wdi'ked ;is ;i i-dininiin da\' l.aborei'. 
In 1S34 he came to lllimiis, locating in ( liam- 
|)aign Count \. wliere lu' li''Uglit ;nid Incated on 
eighty ;ici-es nf land two miles snnth of 
I'rb.ana, wlieie be rem.iined Imv .about fnur 
ye;irs. 1 le then remo\fd In h' conntw ;m<l 
bougbl .and located on ;i l.arni fnur nnles east 
III, where be I'esided np tn iXdj. In \e,ir 1k' enlisleil in t'ompan\' I'., Twelfth 
Illinois Infantrw and Lacked but a lew days 



of being in active service tln"ce years. He 
served as a ])rivale and first belonged to the 
left wing of Ihe Sixteentli Army Corps until 
after the Atlanta campaign, when he was 
transferi'ed lo (he h'ifteenth Arni\- C'urps under 
(ien. Logan. .Mr. Mnrrdw was never wounded 
or sick in all of his acti\e ser\'ice during the 
war. .After the final surrender he returned to 
the larm and in iNy^ came to Newman, since 
which time he has been numliered among her 
liest citizens. Jn 18^4 lie rented out his farms 
and since that time has been practically retired 
from business cares. Mr. Marrow owns two 
hundred and i'orty acres of land in Edgar 
county and si.K acres within the corporaticjii 
of Newman. Mrs. Marrow, his wife, owns 
tour hundre(l .and ninet^■-si.\ acres of land in 
Illinois, one Innidred .and twent\'-si.\ acres one 
and a half miles east of, lifty acres 
ne;n" the cor])or;ition line of, and one 
half-section in h' county. 

Mr. Marrow has been twice marrie<l. the 
first lime to Aliss Lawhead, in 1S60. .After 
iier death he married his present wife. Rachel 
Fisher, who was l)orn in Inthana. a daughter of 
L^aniel Fisher, who followed farming, and 
died in Champiaign count}-. To his first mar- 
riage he has three children living, and by his 
second wife he has one chil\l. George, who re- 
sides in Burlington. Vermont, and is superin- 
tendent of the anti-li(|uor league of \^ermont. 
The otiier cliildren are: II. L., \V. B. and 
Edgar D. Mr. and Mrs. Marrow are con- 
sistent memliers of the Cuml)er!;md Presby- 
terian church. He is a public-spirited citizen, 
is jilain .and unassuming, yet dignified in .ap- 
pearance, and has won a comi)etency and an position by honesty, correct business 
melhculs, anil a due reari.1 for his fellowmen. 


William F. Murphy, one of the wealthy 
retired citizens of Tuscola, was born in Ohio, 
Janu.ary <), oSji. His great-great-grandfather 
came from Ireland and settled in Maryland, 
in which stale his falhei', Wilson Murphy, was 
born in 1 7S7 ; he ser\-ed as a soldier in the war 
ol iSij. In 1N13. witli his wife, who was 
Nancy .Slaughter, he remo\ed to Ross county, 

Willi.'im F. Murphy was reared r)n the 
harm ;md attended school aljout two mouths in 

the \eai'. remaining on his f.ather's f.arm until 
he hail .-n'riNed ;it age. when he \\i irked ou the 
larm al si.\ doll;irs and twenty li\e cents to 
lifleen dollars per month, .and in 1839 came 
to Illinois. subse(|uently x'isiting in Douglas 
county, then a part of Coles. He was favor- 
.ably im])ressed with the country and deter- 
mined to settle here. Therel'ore he returned in 
1847 ;ind l)egau life here with two hundred 
tlollars in money, a wagon antl three horses. 



He seized the firsl l"av<.ra1)le Mppurtiniity to ^et JA.\H':S R. HAMMKTT. 
])o,ssession uf land and in julw iX^o, hougiit 

one liundre.l an.l sixtv acres',,! sdi,,<.l land .'•""^'■^ \<^dvAu\ ilannnett was ,lescende<I 

and about eii^htv acres of in Sar-ent ''■■'"" ''■'^'' ■'"^^^I'T. '"^ i^, Riclianl 

t,,\vnship. i,avin- f-.r it six Innulred an<i f,,rtv "•'"""^'t'- ''•ivin.i; l.een a native ,.f C.iinty 

dollars. Since that time he li;is heen dealiuir 

("ork. li'elaiiil. 1 leie the 1 laninu'tts ri'siijed for 

extensively in real estate and ,s at present ,me '' '""- ^"''""^ "' ''"'^- '-^'^■''•"'' ' l^'"""^'". as 

,l llie wealthiest men in this cmntw Vi>v 

lar as l<n,i\\n. ha,l live i'lnl,lren. f,,nr s,)ns an,l 
manv vears he was en-a-e,l m haiikin- at ""^' 'l^tiL^htcr. all , -f u h, ,n, at dilTerent pen- ,ds 
Newman, succeclin- Z. S. I'ratl. lie n,.w ^■"^'-'•"^■'1 '" Anienca. 

owns about .,ne th,,nsan,l f,un- hnn.lred acres -'"'"'• "'^' '''"'ler , ,f James R. 1 lammett. was 

of valuable lan,l m the cnnty. an,l three bun- "'^' ''"'"' '" '"''''-'■ "^' ^"•""^' ^" ^'"^ O'UuU-y 
dred and thirtyli\e acres in jasper countv. 

lie has been three times marricl : I'irst 
1,1 .Miss .\del;a 11. Smith, a nat'vc ,>f Ken- 
tucky, this marria'^e nccun-luL;' |a!mar\- 15. 
iS-)5. His sccoml wile was Al'ss Rebecca J. 
.\Ia,M,ix, of (.)hio. After her de.itli he mar- 
ried .Miss Julia I 'a.L;e. of .\'e\\ \',,rk, who is a 
lad_\- , ,| line literal \' ace, iinprshments and pr, ,111- 
inent in church w , I'k, in iSiji he removed to 
Tuscola, w hei'c he ami his wife resiile in one 
,d the cityV m<,>i beautiful residences, sur- 
r,,nuded by .ill the comf,!ris i,f life. 'I'Ih' only 
oltices Mr. .Mnrphv has e\ei' held were town- 
ship snper\isi,r. au,l trustee a]ipi,iule,| b\ the 
!.;o\ernor t,, buil,l ihe ;is\lnm foi' the insane at 

William \\ Murphy has thn ,u,l;1i, -ut his life when ,1 _\oun,L; m.iii ami settlcl in .M, ,ii1,l;, ,inery 
been ;i slu'ewd business man. ;ui,l his success county, \'ir,i;ini;i. and there marricl Diana 
has been the result ol his ,,\\u efforts. 1 )uriut; (iai'ilnei-, a nali\e ,if the < 11,1 l)i,miui,in ;md ,if 
the ('i\il war he larj;ely .assisted in lilliui^' the Irish descent. The tliiee y.iuu^er brothers 
(|Uota ,il his t,iwiisliip under l're>i,lent Liu- came t, > America at a later peri, nl and likewise 
coin's dill'erenl calls f,ir tro,,ps. His life has .setlleil in \'ir,!.;ini;i. ( )ue ,if them, William 
been one ot action and his acciuunl.alions of ll.immett. became a .Metlioilist preaclK'r .■iml 
this w,)rl(rs oil, )ds liaxe been the result of econ- ab,,ut 1 ,'^,vs he retnrne,l to his old h,imi' in Ire- 
oiiiy and close attenti. Ill to business. laml. where his lab,irs as an exangehst al- 



tracted large crov\cI.s of people. He resumed 
])reachiiig on his return to America and settled 
in Mississippi. Suhsecpiently he was elected 
to congress frnm the X'icksburg district and 
after leaving congress he continued to preach. 
.As an orator he was of a high order. Of the 
other brothers, Richard Hammett was a man 
of great energy and \ersatile talents. The 
greater ]5art of his life after his arri\al in 
.America was spent in Mississippi, wiiere he 
was a prominent pdlitician and for a time editor 
of the \'icksl)urg Whig. 

Douglas ciiunt\' had perhaps few men who 
ha\e lived on its prairie soil for three score and 
four years, and whose labors have contributed 
so largely to the dexelopment of its resources 
and whcise life has been mure upright and ex- 
emplary than the late James R. Hammett. who 
was born in Montgomery count}'. X'irginia, 
Januarv i, i8j6, iind who tlied August ii, 
1896. in the se\enty-first year of his age. His 
parents rcmii\ed from \'irginia to Bourljim 
county. Kentucky, and in the fall of 1830 came 
to Illinois, halting at sunset one e\-ening almost 
on the s])ot where he si)cnt sixty-four years of 
his life. The farm consisted of eight hundred 
acres lying just north i>f Camargo. which was 
then in Park county, the udrthern limits of 
which at that time extended U> Wisconsin. The 
liardshi]>s of the early piimeer (inl\' served to 
call tii|-lli all the energ\- and entei'prise of Mr. 
Hammett, and his success was due ti> his un- 
tiring industry and financial ability, which 
placed him ami>ng the leailing financiers of this 

In 1854 Mr. Hammett was married to Miss 
barah C'. W'atsun. who was born in l'\)untain 
county, Indiana, julv 4, i83(), a daughter of 
William D. and Mary (Low) Watson. Her 

father was born in the neighborhood of Vin- 
cennes and her mother in Mailison. To James 
k. Hammett and wife were l)orn ten children, 
fi:)ur of whom are now li\ing: Mrs. William 
lies, of Carmargo; F. W., cashier of the First 
National Bank of Tuscola; Richard and Roy, 
both farmers of Carmargo. Politically. Mr. 
Hammett early attached himself to the Whig 
))art}-. and upon the birth of the Republican 
party, inheriting his father's dislike of slavery, 
he became comiected with that party and very 
generall)- supjiorted its candidates, as he gave 
an enthusiastic adherence to its ])rinciples. 

Mr. Hammett was connected with the de- 
velopment of the railroads in this county and 
took an acti\e part in the building of the Illi- 
nois Centi'al Kailwav. He \-isited Springfield 
and was influential in (ibtaining the charter 
from the Legislature. In the original bill 
granting charter rights he was named as one of 
the incorporators and su1)se(|uentl\- became a 
menilier of the board of directors. He was re- 
elected se\'eral times and filled the office for 
Iwehe years. When the First National Bank 
was organized, in 1870, he became a stock- 
holder and in 1873 ^^'^^ elected director, filling 
this place until the time of his death. He was 
one of the ablest financiers of the county and 
was worth alxiut one hundred and fifty thou- 
sand dollars, owning about two thousand acres 
of land. Mr. Hammett was not a member of 
any church, but practiced Christianity in his 
e\ery-day life. It is not ti^i be wondered that 
the people revered him. because his sympathetic 
and generous heart was always responsive to 
every touch of distress and he was ever ready 
to extend a helping hand to his fellow man. 
It ma_\- well be said of him that he has made 
the world Ijctter by ha\ing li\ed, and his life is 



;i true illustration m|" tlic I'act that iIk- line of r.css with James Barr, of Newman, he has al- 
(luly is alike the path of safely and the way of ways heen engaged in farming, 
honor. '" '"^''S "i"' sul>jeel was wedded to Miss 

X'irginia C. W'oltz, a daughter of John and 

Svduev (llalhert) W'oltz, natives of Virginia. 

JMr. Summers and wife have no cliildren. He 

.... . . . ,. ... c|'A|-\|ppc is a memher and one of the organizers of the 

Christian Scientist church of .\ewman, and 
William ' Snnnners, of .Xewman, i-- a firm l)elie\er in its principles. .Mr. Sum- 
came from Sangam. >n county. I llinoiv, to New- mers has just comi)leted a fine residence in 
man townshi]> in 1S77, ,ind located on ,1 I'arm .\ewman at a cost of o\er li\c thousand dollars, 
seven miles northwest of the \illage. lie was ,ind it ranks with the most elegant homes in the 
born near .\ugusta. T.racken county. Kentucky, county. He owns three hundred and twenty- 
six acres of land, two hundreil and six acres 
King southwest of Xewman and one hundretl 
anil twentv .acres one mile and a half north- 
west. He is a memher of the I. (). (). I'", and 
.Masonic fraternities. .Mr. Summers has, e\er 
since his residence in Douglas county, heen 
iilentilicd with the county's hest interests, 
pi-( igrc^s and de\ eli ipment. ;md r.anks ami mg its 
hest ami most progressive men. 

MOSiiS S. S.\H 111. 

Moses .S. Snnlh. the genial and talented 

M;iy 15. 1S43, ;md is ,a son of Lewis .and h'Jiz- editoi- ot" the Independent, was horn 

,-iheth ( Thrclkeld ) Summers, who were na- July \>). 1 S< m). ;i son of Ceorge W. Smith, .and 

li\es of the s.anie connt\. hoth heing mcmhers raised at Xewman. the place ot his hirth. 

of |)ioneer families of section. I lis grand- In iSSj he .ami his hrother. A. I'.., who hail heen 

lather, Thomas Summers, was , a n.ative of \'ir- connected with the mechanical dep.artment of 

ginia, and was a soldici' in the .Mexican war. the lnde])eudeut, ])urch;ised the pa])er, suc- 

W'. T. Summers was reared in Kentucky ceeding C. \'. Walls, who renioxeil to .\|-eola, 

;uicl came to S.anganion countw Illinois, when a where he editeil the Areola Kecoril lor a time. 

sm.all hoy. With the exception of two years, It has n<iw heen twenty-six ye.ars since the first 

during which time he was associated in hiisi- eoj)y of the Xewinan liidejiendenl was issued. 



Duriiii;- all these years I lie Independent has 
tried tn climnicle all the events of interest 
lians])irin!4- in the town and \icinity, as well 
its a synopsis of those oeenrrenees in adjoining 

assistant editor. In 1R84 he again leased it 
to A. B. Snnth. his fcircnian, while he went to 
Paris and todk charge of the Paris Beacon. 
1\I. S. Smith, since he has succeeded to the en- 
tire contnil (if the paper, has added materially 
t'l its mechanical completeness hy the purchase 
ol two new job ))resses, also a new four-horse 
power gasoline engine, and i>n Ajiril i, 1900, 
the paper came out in an entire new dress, and 
is now one of the cleanest and newsiest local 
newspapers in Illinois. 

Mr. Smith was united in marriage t > 
Miss Isahelle lv",t, a daughter of D. O. 
Root, of Xewman. They have two chMdreu, 
Hughes Blake and Harriet FJizalteth. Mose 
Smith, as he is generally known hy his frientls. 
is one of the accommodating and agree- 
able gentlemen fiuiiid in the county, and in 
business is an all-round hustler. 

towns, the state and nation. It has striven to 
represent the best interests of the c(.)mmunity 
and assist as much as possible towards build- 
ing up tlie town. The efforts of Mr. Smith 
have not been in vain, ])roof of which is the 
large and increasing circulation of the paper. 
The p;iper has grown from a puny inlant to 
strong ;md well developed manhood, owing 
largely to the generous patronage gi\en it by 
the progressis'e business men of the town and 
county. 'J'he Newman Independent was tn-st 
instituted in .\pril, iSj^v by Cicero V. Walls, 
lie experimentally comluctcd it for six months 
and then suspended it for ;i year, when he re- 
sumed its pulilication. In 1 SSj-.S^ the paper 
was leased to C'arl H. Uhlcr I'or about ;i year, 
during Mr. Wall's absence from Xewman. On 
his return he again assumed control with John 
W. King, who was postmaster at the time, as 


Winlirld Scott Reed, a prominent ami in- 
telligent farmer of Areola township, was born 
in I'nion countw Indiana, May 13. 1S51. and 
is a son of John T. Reed. The latter was a na 
tive of llutler county, ( )hio, and emigrated to 
Douglas countv and settled in Tuscola township 
ir, ii<(}.i. -He moved to Areola townshij) in 
i8()7 and there resided up to his death, which 
occurred in March, 1891, in the seventy-first 
year of his age. His wife was .\nn Walters, 
who was born in Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
\aui,i. in i8j(i, .and mo\ed with her parents to 
liutlcr county, Ohio, in i8j<i; she is now in 
the seventy-fourth year of her age, John T. 



Reed was a renter when he first eaine In the 1 'einisyKania. I U'|- falhef dieil in iXjj, a,t;-e(l 
Ciinnty, hnt in iSfjj hv lnuiLihl the hirni where se\ ent\'-eit;lit Ncars. i le was in the war of 
Iiis Sdii. W. S. Reeil, nnw resides, lie was a iSij. Mis I'atlier. I h'nr\- Watson, came fr. mi 

luiijiand. Mr. Keed is a nieniliei' (<\ tlie Nhi- 
simic Iraternitw ( "ourt nf Ihiiinr ami tlic 
W I iii(hneii. 


I.einnel ( 'handler, nf i'.i airhnn, is one of tlie 
"Idest and must inii\ ers.ilK res]>ected citizens 
in the eiiniil)-. 1 \v \\;is hi irn within tln'ei' miles 
ol ( '\ iitlii.ina, llarrisnn ciunil\', l\enlni'k"\'. 
.\n.L;-nst _:;(), 1SJ4, a si mi of Israel and l.\'ili,a 
((iri'well) ('liandler, whn were hdii in (he 
I'lhie ( ir.ass" re^i'ins i>t Kentuckv. Israel 

lailiir h\ Ir.ade, hul i|nit that .ami wi-nl 1(1 farm- ( li.andler emi;;r,lt^•d fmni Kentiu-ky to ( ler- 

inj;'. W. .'^. Reed owns .ineh.alf of tlie old 

luiiiiestead lariii, which cmit.ains hnnilred 

and twenty Iwn and a h.df .acrt's. I le lu'en 

a sueeesslnl larnu'r, jiri i^ii'ssix e in his ideas. 

.and I iw lis a ln'.anti fill Ik iiiie. 

I''ehruary J-\. 1N73, he in.irrieil td Miss 

Nclh'e Watsmi, ;i (kmi^hler of Idmnias W.itscin, 

ot Clark Cdiinly. They h.i\c three I'lnldren: 

Ollie. wife nf A. \\ ri-lit ; Di.r.a .\l. and Jnhii 

C Wats. .11 was ,1 ii,iti\c (.f h'rederick 

enmity. \'irL;ima, wliere he w:is Imrn in flcln- 

her. 171)4. ami w;is married In .'^iis.n 111:1 rimni 

as. in iX_>|. Td them were hnni Iwn snns and 

one daiii;hter. llis wife died in lS_:;_'. ;md he 

w;is ni.arried the sec'iid time, in 1N.1-I, and re- 

iiio\-ed In ( )hin in iX]~. residint; in h'.iirlield 

cniinly until ( Jctnhcr, 1S31, wlu-n he e.ime to niont connl\ in 1 N,^ 1 .and remained tliert'se\en 

Rlinois. Mrs. Reed's innthcr was N'ancv \'ears. when he came In 1 )oni;las connt\' and 

I'raiikliii. wlm was hniii near < ireencaslle, Incated in Rnnrhmi tn\\nshi]i. sellliii.L;nn what 




^^Hlit"'^,^ '"' 







is now known as the old Chandler homestead, 
u])on whieh William (."handler now resides 
(see his sketeh). .h'hn Chandler (grand- 
father), a Quaker in his religious helief, emi 
grated from Chester county, Pennsylvanin, to 
Kentucky and settled in Harrison county in 
about the year 1791, the year preceding Ken- 
tucky's admission into the union. John Gre- 
well (maternal grandfather) married a Miss 
Temple, a native of Delaware, and settled near 
the Chandlers in Kentucky. 

Lemuel Chandler was reared to manhood 
in the neiglil)orhood in which he has always 
resided. For that day he received a very good 
education, attended the Paris .Academy and 
later taught school in the Bourhon neighbor- 
ho(jd. 1 le has never been an aspirant for office, 
in the usual acceptation of that term, but he 
has held the office of supervisor of his town- 

In 1849 he was united in marriage to Mrs. 
Prudence W. Bacon, a native nf Hampshire 
countv, \'irginia, and a daughter of Roliert 
and Fdizal>eth Beavers, the former born in the 
slate of New Jersey, and the latter in Baltimore, 
Maryland. Td Mr. and Mrs. Chandler have 
been born six children; John, who is a farmer 
and resides in P>ourbon towushii); William, 
whose sketch is found elsewhere: Beatrice, wife 
of Dell Henry, of Hastings. Nebraska; Lydia 
Belle: Gertrude, wife of Clifford Jones, who re- 
sides in the edge of the village of jjnurbon: 
and Ernest M. Chandler, i*n the live sti>ck com- 
mission bnsiness at Peoria, Illinois. Mr. 
Chandler is a member and deacon of the Baptist 
church, of which church his wife is .also a mem- 
ber. Mr. Chandler owns two hundred and 
si.xty acres of land in Areola township and live 
lumdred and furtv in Bourbon township. 


O. V. Myers, a grain buyer at McCown's 
Station, and one of the wheel horses of the 
Douglas county Democracy, was born in Ed- 
gar countv, Illinois, March 13, 1863. He is a 
son of William Myers, who was a native of 
Kentucky and who 1)ecame an early settler of 
Edgar county. His mother was Eliza Size- 
more, a daughter id" IMartin Sizemore, who 
was also born in Edgar county. 

Mr. Myers grew u].) on the farm and re- 
ceived the aiK'antages of a giiiiil cummnn school 
education, .md also attended the high .school 
at Paris. I''i>r the past ten years he has lived 
1 m his farm nf une hundred and twent\' acres, 
.-iliMul nue mile and a half east of Xewnum. 
His fn-m li.-nidles about one hundred and lifty 
thiiusand bn.^hels ni grain annually. In the re- 
cent Democratic jirimary of Douglas county he 
leceivcd the endorsement for state senator 01 
the district comjiosed of 1 )ouglas. Coles ;md 
Shelbv counties. In i8i)8 he was the Demo- 



cratic nominee for tlie office of county treas- 
urer of Douglas county. On March 4, 1S8''), 
lie was wedded to Miss Alice I^^tes, of Edgar 
county. They have seven children: Edna. 
Harry, Don, Charlie, Laura, Edwin and Nellie. 

David Meyers (grandfather) was a native 
(if Kentucky. Our subject's maternal gr.anu- 
father, Martin Si/emnre, was a Xnrtli Caro- 
linian li\- liirtli and served in the I'.lack I lawk 
and .Mexican w.ars. 

( ). \ . M\ers is a y 'ung man 1 if gi n "1 ahility, 
and there is little dunht shcmld he he elected to 
represent this senalnrial district ihat the hest 
interests of the jienple will he carelully and 
ahlv looked after. 

In iiSSj iinr suhject was married to Miss 
Nelly Ryan, a native nf Will cnuntv. Illinois. 
They ha\e li\e children: Maggie, Ceorge, 
Kittie, Maud and I'.anl. Mr. Dowry's husiness 
interests at F.airland are graduallv extending, 
and he is becoming to lie recognized as one of 


Jiihn I.iiwrv. ime nf the ])riimising voung 
husiness men nf h'airland, where he has been 
extensi\'ely engaged in Inning grain since i8</i, 
was born in the ccmnl) >>\ Tii)])erary, Ireland, 
in 185X, a sun nf jcilui and .M.irgaret i Nukin ) 
l.<iwry, whci were b(ini in the same cnuntv. 
His father settled in ('ham])aign ciinnt\- 1 mi a 
farm in the vicinity of h'airland ni 1X71, ami 
was engaged in farming up to the lime of his 
death, in 1874. 

John Lowr}- was reared and educated in the 
country and was engaged in f.armingup to the 
time he became engaged in his jiresent business, 
then becoming .a member nf the linn nf Lnwry 
& Hanson. They buy ku an a\'er;ige almut live 
hundred tlmusand bushels nf c<irn ;m(.l nats ;ni- 
nnally. He is nnw building a new elevator and 
mal<ing nther imprn\ements in cnnnectii.iu with 
his business. 

the \ illage's nmst successful business men. 1 Ir 
nwns line hundred and si\l\- acres n| land I w 1 1 
nnles and a ijuarter iii irlh nl tnw u, 1 me hundred, 
and si\l\ .acres m I'.dwards i-nuiU\,, 
and Imnses m the \ill:ige. Me is ]inlilic 
spinleil and geueralh lends .1 helping h.iuil In 
any cause nr enterprise whub is iiilendeil In 
add tn the matei', mnr;d and sneial inleresis 
of I'airland. 

j.\iMi-:.s \\. ii.\.\C(x;k. 

James W. Tlancnck-, edilnf and fnuii<lei' ni 
the .Xewinaii K'ecnnl, Imrn in ( bamp.iigu 
cnnnly. ( )hin, August iS, |S_:;(). The famiU' 
Irnni which be is descended is i>i k'.ii'jlisb nri- 



o'in aii<l fur in;iiiy years resided in Patrick 
ciiunty. \'ii-L;inia. His grandfather. Major 
Ilanciick-. was Ixini in this county in March. 
179J. He married Mrs. Ehzalieth Adams, 
wliose maiden name was Fuson, also a native 
of Patrick county. Directly after their mar- 
riage, in 1812, they emigrated to Ohio and set- 
tled in Champaign county. Their journey from 
Virginia was made on horsehack, and when 
they arri\-ed they found themselves ]>ioneers 
in the wilderness. 

Our subject's father. W'ilHam Hancock, was 
horn in ( )hici. l'"cl)i-uar\- 10, iSkj, and sjient the 
early pari id' hi^ life in that state. He grew lo 
manhiiMil mi tlie l;u'm. altending school ])art of 
the time, .iml ,il tlie age nf nineteen vears and 
seven innuths lie was niarrieil in .Susanna Stier, 
who was Imrn in ()liiii. Imt helnnged to a Vir- 
ginia huuily. 1 lis m.arriage occurred Septem- 
ber lO, iS:5X, ;ind soon .afterward he eiuigrated 
til llliuiiis, Cuming lo the neighl)i irhoml nf 
ihnishy h'urk. wliere he rented l;nid nf a .Mr. 
CotTey. In 1843 he enlered furtv acres of land 

near the Pleasant Gro\-e chiu'ch, and a shnrt 
time afterwar<l hought an additional forty 
acres. He remained on this land initil 1845 
and then rented a farm a mile west of New- 
man, where he resided for two years. After 
occupying Col. Hopkins' farm, southwest of 
Newman, he, in 1849, hought of the go\-ern- 
nient eighty acres and removed onto the land in 
Decemher, 1850. Tracts he added later com- 
Ijriscd several hundred acres. He died in 
1892. He was in jjolitics a \\ hig and later a 
Rcpnlilican, an<l was a delegate to the con\en- 
tion which nominated Gov. Oglcshy. He was 
hrst elected justice of the i)eace at Camargo in 
1847. He was a niemher of the first hoard of 
comity oflicers for Oouglas county, and filled 
the offices of treasurer and assessor. ( )n the 
establishment of tlie state board for the e(|uali- 
zation I if assessments, in i8()7. he was aiiijoint- 
cd ;i member from the ninth congressional dis- 
trict, composed of the counties of Coles, Doug- 
las, Cham])aign, X'ermilion, Iro(|uois and Ford. 
In i8f)8 he was elected b\' the ]ieople in the same 
district til the same office for a term of four 
years. Cornelius Stier. fatlier of .Susanna 
Stier, was a soldier in the war of 1812 and was 
for five years in the regular arm\-. He was 
reared near Paltimore. Major Hancock, above 
mentioned, was a minister in the New Light 
Christian church. 

James W. Ihancnck attended the ordinary 
schools in the neigliborhoi id of Pirushy h'ork, 
residing with his father on the farm. He fol- 
lowed farming and teaching school up to the 
time he located in Newman in 1861, and from 
1.874 to 1870 was cashier of the Newman Bank. 
He w;is niarrieil .\|)ril n. i8tio. to Miss .Amy 
.Shute, ;uid to their marri.age lia\e ])eeii born 
six children: William [.., Lulu I'., Isaac L., 



James P., Howard I,, ami I'.\citII 1 [. Mr. In 1X30 lie was iinilc(| in niarrias;e to Miss iSi)(), fonmlod llu' W'wnian Rec- I \ a, a ilaiiL^litcr of ( 'nrni'lins i lopkins, ulio was 

onl, an inck-pcink'nl newspaper, wliieh lias a I'lie ol' llie t'arliest selllers (if X'ewnian town- 

circulati<in of alioiit six liundri'il. j-'roni iS<)3 sln'i). To llieir man ia.i^e were liorn twelve eliil- 

to iSc/) he serxed as poliec manislrate of Xew <li"eii, of whom hnl se\en snr\i\e, \iz. : 

mail. He owns two hundred aeres of land in .Marion; Cora Ann. who is the wife of .'-laninel 

Newman townshi]). hesides town propt'itx'. ( )n Johnson, cf \\t-si l\id<,;e; I'annia Alice; i\osetta 

Deeeniher 4, iSi)S, he, iiwon jinu-tioii witli W. l'>iella; Jd.i Lncreti.a; W'ilev Shernian and 

T. Summers, W. i ). ( ioldman, .S. ( '. 1 licks llarrismi .SxKester. In iSdj Mr. Hawkins 

and Mesdames ( .Merlin and X'ance, \ 1 ilnntei'red in the same company in Xewnian 

organized the l"ii-s| chmili o| (hia'st. Scientist, ;is his hrother, S.amnel, hnl he did not meet the 

of Newman, Illinois. s;mie f.ile ;it the lir>l d,i\\ hatlle ,as iliil his 

hroiher .S;iniiiel ;il ( 'liick,amaut;"a. In all he 

out three years and h.i> scarcely seen a well d.a\' 

since. Mr. I Law kins' wife died l)ecenilier :;(), 

|X()(), in the li lly-se\ cnlli vvav of her aL;e, and 

m Ihe l.ill ol iSi)4 lie rcmo\ed f|-om the f.arni to I lis wife <a <ianL;hler of C'or- 

1 ,1 I 111- ,1 , ■■ a lu'lins ilo])kins, w h. . horn Mav 10, iXiS. 

hrotliers, and an ex soldier ol the ( nil, ' .' ■ • 

■ ■■ ■ .1 , .-v. • ,■ r .and who wedded U.ichel I'', .\lhiii: hotli are 

residim;- in the town ol .\ewin;m. is .a ii.alixa' ot 

hnried .at the \\ eskw ('h.a])el. lAvoof his sons, 
Jeremi.ah .and ( ieori^e, were soldiers in the war 

oil he kcliclhi 111. 

ilin ll.iwkins. .another of the ll.iwkins 

'^SSSf' IC!|. 


CI. AKh'.XCd". ].. \\A I' Til. 

( 'l.areiua- I ,. W \ etii. the ( Mih son of .Mr. .and 

Mrs. I,. |. WAetli. horn in I'nscol.a |iil\- JJ. 

iXOo. .and dii'd .Septt'iiiher 7. iXi),^. ilis hoy- 

liiii'd d.i\s weri' ]>.i^sei| in this (a'l\ .and on his 

lather's f.arni he developed into ni.anhood. In 

iXXj he niiited in in.iiri,i!;e to .Miss l.i/zie 

.\lwell. of .\twiiod. Se\ en cliililren weia- the 

i'ickaway county. ()liii>. wheia- lu' Imrn result 1 'f this union, w ho tos^elher with the wi fe 

-X'o\emher 30. iXjX ( ha' ;iiicestr\ see sketches h,i\e suffered sui'li ;m irre] loss. 

of Samuel and (. M. Ikawkius). Mr. WAeth one of the hesl 

11 " 



nianaoers in the cininty. I le jiossessed remark - 
al)le liirsiness sagacity and his great lirain tDrce 
wntild have l)een felt in ci>niniercia! centers had 

he been tlirnwn among tlie foremost financiers 
of the countr}-. At the time of his deatii he was 
probably wiirth one hundred thousand dollars, 
and the futui"e willi all of its possibilities and 
opportunities was bel'ore him. 


cidents which marked the early frontier life, 
when the present Commonwealth of Kentucky 
formed a county of Virginia. He was born in 
Virginia, and about the breaking out of the 
Revolutionary war resided in Kentucky. The 
maiden name of his second wife was Sarah 
Bryant, she being a member of the family 
which gave the name to the fort known us 
Bryant's Station, celel)rated in the annals of 
the early history of Kentucky. Charles Rice 
took part with Daniel Bcjone in the adsentures 
which have made historic the home of the early 
pioneers. He bought of Boone a tract of land 
in what is now Fayette county, and settled 
there. Boone subsequently lost nearly all of his 
estates in Kentucky through his carelessness in 
neglecting to record and prove his title, and 
among the tracts wdiich changed ownership in 
consequence was the one occupied by Charles 
Rice. One thonsan<l and six hundred acres 

Martin Rice, who was, up to the time of his 
death, in 1883, prominently identified with the 
interests and growth of the county, came to 
Illinois in 1849, '"''•' t*-" what is now Camargo 
township in 1853. He was descended from old 
Virginia and Kentucky families, and his grand- 
father, Charles Rice, was a [Moneer in the were sul)se(|uenth" confirmed to Boone, and of 
wilderness of Kentucky, a crmipanion of Daniel this, in compensation foi- his loss, he gave Rice 
Boone, and a particip:nit in the romantic in- a portion lying within the presents limits of 


Madison county, anil here Cliaiies Rice lived nized as one of tlie leaders in tlie coniniunity. 
to the close of his eventful life. He had borne He was deeply interested in the formation of 
the hardships and dangers of frontier life, had Dougias county, and did all in his ijowcr to 
been thnnigh tlie memorable siege of Hryanl's m;ike the measure a success, there being con 
Station, and taken part in many other contlicts siderableopposition at the time in some sections 
with the Intlians of that day. in Coles county, from which the territory was 

Martin Rice was born in Madison county, taken. After the new county was oroanized 
Kentucky, July 2S, iS_>j. He was l)rought hv was a member of the lirst political conven- 

up on his father's farm, where he remained lion ever held in it. The con\ention, which 

until after reaching his majority. lie at- l^laced in nomination the crmdidates chosen as 

tended sub.scri]ition .school, which was id' the the lirst lioard of county oflicers, was held in 

rudest character, but he diligently improved a temiior;n-y board shantv on the farm of Col. 

his time and formed the foundation for a sound, McCarty, tun and :i li.-ilf miles east of Tu.scolri. 
practical business education. In the summer '"he men composing the ticket were nominated 

he .spent the time working on the farm, and on and elected irrespective of jiarty. In iStxj, the 

November 16, ^H^^,. he married Mary .\nu second year .at'tcr the lownsbi]) organizations 

Adams, who was a native of the same town in v.ere eiTecled. Mr. K'ice elected the lirst su- 

Kentucky, .\fier his marriage Mr. Rice todk I'ervisor of Cani;irgo townshi]). and re-elected 

up his residence on a farm belonging |o Ins iii ii^7,v 1X74 and 1X75. 1 le also look a ileep 

father, where he Ii\eil for abont four ye.ars. interest in the cause of the common schools. 

when he removed to Illinois. This was in No- li' the early day be \v;is :i Whig in jiolitics, and 

vember, 1X40. fie settled in Coles county, ''.'i^l bis lirst \ole for Henry e'l.ay, .ami later be- 

nine miles east of Ch.irleston. I le ])urch.ised came a KN' Mis first wife dieil in 

one hundred ami sixty acres of Kami, upon iXO(). I lis second m.arri.age occurred ( Ictober 

which he lived lor fonr ye.ars. lie foinid this -.=i. fXji. 1,, .M.ary J.ane, a native of 

tract to,i sm.all to suit the jil.ans .according to N'irgini.i, ;in<I whose f.ather"s f.amily came to 

which he i)rop(ised to carry on \ crmilion c, .inity from f b;il sl.atc in iX:;4. ( )f 

operations, s.. in the fall of 1S3:; be ilisposed '"^ ■^''- cbifli-en. three .are living: baigrnc. 

01 his Kami in Coles connty ;ni(l remo\i:-,l farther .iose]ihiiie ( ikivv Mi's. (',.,((, ,,\ TtiM-Mlai, .ui.l 

north. The ]il;ice in which he settled is now Martin, who resides on of the old honie- 

the home o| bis son. luigene. l.aml here '^'cad in ( ani.argo townshi]). 
cheaper, the location better ,and the soil richer 

tllan on bis former farm. The neighborhood 

had but few residences. There were some set- 
tlements in the m^igbborhood ..f C.aniargo. but 

with one excejition no improvement bad been ''' ''' ' "* *''^" '''^^^''^• 

n.a.Ie for e,ght nnles west nntd the tnnber R. U. Tbon.pson. one of the nu.s, hnspi,- 

l-rdern,g on the ()kaw was reacbe.I. As the able and clever gentlen.en ni the co,„,tv was 

-■untry settled np Mr. K,ce becnne recog- b„rn n, IMgar cnntv. Ilhno.s, Mav > ' \h^7 

1 64 


and is a son of Andrew E. Thompson, who was 
a native of Scotland. His mother was Eliza- 
hetli SimpsDH. liefore her marriage, and was 

born in England, and married in Frederict<s- 
Lurg, A'irginia. To them eiglit children were 
born, of whom only three are li\ing, one in 
Kansas and the others in Oklalnima. 

Mr. ThompsdU \\as reared on the farm andi 
has alwa_vs been engaged in that occnpation. 
In 1858 he was nnited in marriage to Miss Lncy 
Hardwick. To this marriage were born three 
children: George D.; H. \'. : and Lenie, who 
died when ten months old. Mrs. Thompson 
died in iSoj;. She was born in Kentncky. In 
1864 Mr. Thom])son married for his 
wife Miss Sallie A. Lain, who was born in Lin- 
coln connt\-, in the same state. Mr. Thompson 
has been a consistent memlier of the iMethodist 
I'piscopal church at Murdock and other places 
for forty \-ears. in 1898 he was the Democratic 
nominee for the ofbce of shcrifl, but the Repub- 
lican majority was t(.io strong for him, and he 

was defeated by a majority of five hundred and 
forty-one votes. 

John Simpst)n, his maternal grandfather, 
was a native of England and emigrated to Vir- 
ginia, thence to Illinois, .and died in Edgar 


E. C. Finnev. a retired grain merchant and 
one of the supervisors of Tuscola tinvnship, 
was born near the village of Annapolis, Park 
county, Indiana, April 4, 1S36. Erom 1869 
tti 1 89 1 he was e-\tensi\ely engaged in the grain 
business at Tuscola, but in the latter year he 
sold his interest to his partner, Charles L. 
McMasters. His father was Robert Finnev, 
who was a native of North Carolina, and who 

emigrated to Indiana in the year 1844. Robert 
was a son of Joseph Finney, who came to this 



ciiuiitrv in its earlv histnry and particiiiatccl in 
nianv of tlie coiillicts fur liherty. His niotlier, 
whose maiden name was Malinda Hunt, was a 
daughter of Nathan I hint : she was liorn in 
North Carolina anti mo\ed to Indiana when 
1)ut a child. Rohert Finney died in Indiana 
in 1861. in the fifty- fourth year of his age. and 
his mother in Tuscola. Illinois, Octoher 16. 
1S07, at the ripe old age of eighty-one years. 
Mr. I<""inney has heen identified wuh the 
husiness interests of Tuscola since i(S()8 and is 
an upright and universally resi^ected citizen. 
He belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church 
and is a member of the Masonic fraternity. 


D. F. Coykendall. wlmse death occurred in 
I'hicagii, December i(). iSi^j. was l)cirn near 
I'.nrshy l~ork .Sc])teinber S. 1850. at a time 
when the comUx' \\,is m its ])rinnti\e state, and 
was there reared to manhndd. lie was a son 
of Benjamin V. ( 1 ixkcuilall. whuse ancestors 
were in all ]inibabilil\' .amnng the emigrants 
friini lliilland who in an early day settled in 
.\'e\v (ersev, the descendants ot whum m iw 
ciimprise some of the best families ol that state. 
William, the father of I'.enj.amin 1'". t'oyken- 
(l;ill, was biiiMi in lh;it stale and m;n'ried Mary 
\'an /.iekiel, w In ise f;iniil\- had spiung Irmn the 
same stock. r>eni;miin \\ C'nvkend.all was burn 
in Tompkins count\-. New ^'clrk, near the 
tiiwn of Ithaca. * )n reaching hi> majinitv he 
came west and lucaled in W i'-i'i msin, and in 
1847 sold out Ins priipeii\- m Wiscnusm and 
located in what i> nnw Dnuulas cnuntw where 

he lixed for the remainder of his life. Two 
I 'I his Sons. Cyrus A. and Mar\ in A. w ere in the 
war. both ha\ing enlisted Ijefore they were 
Iwenty-cine. The death of Benjamin F. Coy- 
kendall occurred in the spring of 1889. 

On November 14, 187S, D. F. Coykendall 
was married to Miss Francis E. Cash, a daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. L. J. Cash, of Newman. 
To this marriage was born one child, a dauyli- 
ter. Lenoria. Fcir two years liefore Mr. Coy- 

kendall reniMxed to (/luc.ago he resided in New- 
in;m. while his lile ]ire\ious had been s])ent on 
the l;n'm near llrnsln- b'ork. .'\fter his re- 
m(i\al 111 ('hicagii he liecame associated in busi- 
ness with Iwn lirms, the ("olumbia M.annfacl- 
tning iV ,Sup]il\- (iimpain- and jnhn Ibisbury 
i,\ ( 1 iinp.any. li\e stuck ci immissii m merchants. 
He was piissessed nt nmre than nrdinarv busi- 
ness ability, cumbiiR-d with genuine integritv 
;uid uprightness, and \ei'v liighlv res])ected 
by .ill wilh whiiiM he had dealings. lie was 
de\iiteil til his l.amd\- and his de.ith was a great 
loss til both wife and daui;hter. He was buried 

1 66 


in tlie Newman cemetery. He was a member 
ol tlie Ma.sonic fraternity, Init was not a mem- 
ber of any clunch. He always did his part 
willingly in suiiportintj;- the clnnxh and at- 
tended the same. 

VV. p. BOYD. 

W . I'. Biiyd, who was for many years a 
pniminenl drni^\<:;ist and chemist of Areola, 
was liMiu in h^leniinj^shur^, Kentncky, Jannarv 
C). 1)^47. and was a sun uf Wilsim 1'. and Susan 

K. I'oyd. His father was a prominent lawyer 
and served in IkjIIi hrrniches of the Kentucky 

\V. I'. Buytl received his early education 
at the old Bethel school in Kentucky, and sub- 
se(|nently attended the university at Blooming- 
ton, Illinois. Jn 1875 '^^ ^'^^^ married to Miss 

Emma Wyatt Hamilton, of Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, a step-daughter of .'Me.xander Hamil- 
ton (her real ])arents being Edward, and Annie 
( Smith ) Wyatt, natives of England). To Mr. 
and Mrs. Boyd were born four children, 
namely: William IL, deceased, Wyatt, Anna 
M. and Wilson P. 

In 1867 Mr. Boyd commenced the drug 
business for himself in .Areola and until 1884 
had the only exclusive drug store in the county. 
He was a successful business man and re- 
mained in charge of the store until a few weeks 
before his death, November 17, i8<jy, when he 
disposed of it to .\. Magnusson. He was one 
(d" the lirst movers in the state for the organiza- 
tion of suitable legislation for the elevation of 
the drug trade in the state. He was an active 
worker in the Illinois 1 'harniaceutial Society, 
and was president of that body one year and a 
tlelegate to the national convention in 1884. 
Never in all her history has .\rcola known a 
more public spirite<l man, a better leader in 
e\er\' progressive nio\enient. or a truer sym- 
patlii/er in e\ery just and noble cause. He 
held nianv positions of trust and honor, such 
as member of the school board, alderman, 
chief of the hre department, and chairm.-m 
of the board of superxisors. In oftices he re- 
garded the trust and the duties devolving upon 
him as .sacred, and acted accordingly. In pol- 
itics he was a Democrat, and he served his 
Ijarty faithfully and conscientiously. 

He was a member of several lodges, but 
allied his interests more closely with the Ma- 
sons that any other order. The poor and 
needy have lost a true friend, and one from 
whom they had learneil to expect sympathy 
■Aud ,iiil. Never a Chri.stmas passed by but 
that every poor family received something 



fnini Iiini, ami liis cliaritv was not confined to 
Areola alone, hut reached for miles around, 
lie was a lo\er of children, and tlie child 
learned to exjiect some token of remcmhrance 
from him. nor was it e\er disapiiointed. His 
life fmnishes us many expressions oi good 
which show the real character of the man. 
His life was made up of little things well and 
faithfully performed. But after all it is the 
little things that give us the true inde.x to the 
real character of the man. His home rela 
lions were the most pleasant, aii<l he remained 
true and devoted to his home liresiile and 
altar until the of his career. The town 
has lost a foremost man, the lodges a faithtul 
memlier. the home a true hea<l. the jiodr a 
sure and helping hand, and the world one ol 
her noblest men. 

J r. \\( H iLl-'OKl). 

|. r. W'ooUdrd. niei'chant ;md gi'ain Imyer 
at (i.ihoii and one of the most snccessfnl Imsi- 
ness men in the ciunly. was horn in lUiller 
conntw < )liio. Felirn.ary iS. 1N35. I lis parents 
were Daniel and l^lizahelh ( lichert ) Won] ford, 
wln) were nati\es of the same county. His 
grandfather L-chert was horn in West Virginia, 
and in about iSi_> rcmo\x'd to I'lUtler coinUy. 
( )hio. Mis patern;il grandfather, j.ncob W ool- 

.Since iS<),i J- I^- \\'i>olfoi-d has resided at 
(lalton. and was lirst engaged in grain buying 
for K. vV |. irvin, of Tuscola, succeeding M. 
S. bilson at this place. In 1S94 he built an 
ele\ato|- dl twenty thousand bushels ca])acitv 
and has since I'ecome one ol the most successful 
grain dealers in the counts-. 

In 1X70 Mr. Woolford was united in mar- 
riage \o IMiss Carrie Kelso, wlio resided one 
nnle Sduth of ArcoLa, and is a ilaughter of 
W'illiaiu Kelso, wlin is now li\ing in Ta/ewell 

county, this st.ate. They ha\'e three children : 
Koscoe M., .\lfrcd j. and Samuel M.. all at 
home with llK'ii" p.ircnts. I'^>r the past lour 
veai's .\lr. Woolfdid has been buying grain to,- 
himself, and in connection does a general mer- 
ford, was l)orn at Lancaster, I'etuisylvania, and chandising business. He bu_\s aboiU one hun- 
nioNcd from there to I'lUtler county, Ohio, dred thousands Inishels of grain amuially. In 
Daniel Woolford came to (bis coinit\' in March, political opinion he is a stanch l\e]>nblican, but 
iXfK), and located on a farm two miles from his wife is a Deiuocrat and is the ]>ostniistress 
.Areola. of the \i11agc. 



Uiclianl Civile llammcU. the secrmd son of 
lames U. ilaninietl, wiiose sketeli and iM.itrait 
are fduiul nu annther page, was born on the nM 

Hammett homestead in Camargo township, 
Septemher 9, 1S71, and was principally edu- 
cated at the State University and a business col- 
lege at ludianapulis. lie has always been en- 
gaged in farming and ciwns fnur hiuidred and 
twenty acres of finely improved land, a part of 
which is the old Hammett homestead. 

In iSi;s be was marrietl to Miss Ginerva 
Barnett, of the village nf Camargo, and has 
two children : Ruth and Bessie. Mr. Hammett 
is a member of the Camargo Clue Lodge and 
Tuscola Chapter and Commaudery of Ma- 
sonry. Mr. Hammett is an intelligent young 
man and conducts his I'arming on busme-s 
liriuciples. He is at present remodeling h:s 
farm residence, three miles north of the village 
of Camargo, and when liuished it will rank 
with the most commodious an<l l)eautilul homes 
of the connlv. 


Tasper S. Records, who is one of the most 
prominent tenant farmers in the county and 
who was born two miles north of the village of 
liourbon, January .^1, 1N30, is ;i son of John 
Records, who settle<l in that neighborhood in 
abont the \ear 1X311. The latter was a native 
of Kentucky, where he was born .\ugust l8. 
t8oo, ami died in July, 1X63. His wife 
was Hanora O'Roark, who was born near 
.Staunton, X'irgiuia, and whose parents were 
both born in Ireland. J. S. Records' paternal 
great-grand father, with hve brothers, came from 
Scotland and settled in Kentucky, and were 
(.ontenipi praries of Coone and Kenton. He was 
killed b\ the Indians. John Records was a 
carpenter in early life and later turned his at- 
tention to farming, at which he continued up 
until the time of his death. While working at 
his trade he built the first frame church in lu- 

.Mr. Records has for the past thirteen years 
successfully superintended the cultivation of the 



lanii he imw resides (Hi (nwned li\' William ci mimissii meil c'a]itaiii nf C'oinpanv K, One 

jlcs) , oil whieli place lie pli iweil llic lirsl lunnw lluiulreil ami I'lMu'lli llliiinis liifaiitrv. I lis 

and laid Uie lirst tile, lie has heeii twice mar- filial niiister (Hit i<\ the ser\ice was at Atlanta, 

ried ; first In Miss l-JiKira O'Brian. in 1879. (ieiir<;ia, Jaiiiiar\' id, iXdd. At the next No- 

llie hitler's death I >ccnrriiij; in Nm-eniher, 1895. \ einher election lie was elected- sheriff (if Vcr- 

ller home \\as;it I ',irk\ille, ClianipaiLjn conn- niilioii county. Illinois, and after the expira- 

ty. rhe\' had two children, hoth of whom are tion of his office, in Noxemher, iNdX, he re- 

li\'ing: Bessie and Llo\d. llis second wife nioxcd to I )ong"las comity. Illinois, and li\ed 

was Miss Rachael hniiiian, id .^wit/erland ii]ioii his f.ann lor elexeii \ears, when he was 

County, Indiana. f]ic\' ha\"e one child. Louise elected county treasurer ol l)oni;'las conntv, 

lies. Mr. Records is a meiiiher ol the Odd and was afterward re-elected for a two vears' 
fellows, lloine horiim, the ( '1 nirt i^f lloiior 
and the Modern Wondmcn. .iiid is an iiide- 
])endent Re])nhl:caii. lie is well informed on 
the to]iics ol the daw 's piihl c spir l^'d and is a 
man ■ it marked indi\ idnahtw 

Ll.Xf:.^ I.. IWRKKR. 

Lines L. I'arker, the suhject of this sketch, 
was horn in Ihowu conntw ( )liio. Sep- 
teniher 1, iS_:;_\ .\t the a^e of live years he 
reiiio\ed with his parents in X'erniilion conntw 
Illinois. Ills f.ilher, h'lm W . I'arker, and 
his mother. 1 l.iiiii.ih I'.irker ( ;;(V 1 'anj^lnirn ) , term. .\l the ex])ir;it ion of his term ol olfice 
were hoth horn in llrown coiiiitv. ( )liio, and he retired to his 1,-irin. where he and his laith- 
alter Octoher, iN.v, li\ed in \ (■rniilion coun- .fill wife li,i\e li\ed for the last Ihirteen years, 
t\'. Illinois, where lhe\ died, lolm \\ . I'arker llis wifi', Marv .\. I'arker ( /(cc West), was 
w as slu'rilf I d \ ermiiion couiil \- iiisl |irecediiiL' iiiiiteij to hini in m:iiri,i;.^e on the iJtliot .\|)ril. 
the (,'ivil, .and .after the war he coniil\' i^.^.S- She w .as horn in honntaiii county, lii- 
snperiiitendenl of sclio, lis for I W(i terms. Lines di;m;i, \iiL;iist jS, i8:;j-, .and as the Irnits of 
I.. I'.irkerwenI iiilo the w .11" 111 1 Nd 1 as ;t mem- this m,irii.ii;e there w I'le horn to |lu-iii li\e chil- 
lier ol ( ompaii\- h, f\\eiil\' fifth Illinois Infaii- dreii, all lixini; ,ind settled in lite home: 
try. lie was soon commissioned a second Alice is the widow ol \le\,inder L. fnlk'rtoii, 
lienteiiant and .liter the hatlle of I'e.a Kidije was and now li\es near 1Iiil;o, Illinois; John W. 
liriiiiioted to lirst lienlenant, and afterward is a farmer in Lowdre townsln'ii, near Hugo; 



Oliver Lino '111 is a grain dealer in Tnscola. 
Illinois; Hannah O. lives with her hushand 
one mile west of her parents' home, and Hattie 
lives with her luishand within hailing distance 
of her father and mother. 

Mr. Parker is a memlier of the Grand 
Army of the Repuhlic, also of the Masonic 
fraternitv. He owns three hundred mu\ thirty 
acres of land, which he has divided among his 
children, w ho h\e npoh or manage the part they 
expect to get at their father's death. Mr. Par- 
ker and his wife are memhers of the Christian 
church at Hugo. Illinois, and are liheral con- 
trihntors to its suiiiiort. 


James M. GcHKlspeed, a resident of Tus- 
cola. Illinois, and who has for many years 
I/cen a preacher in the Methodist l*;pisc!>pal 
church, was iiorn in the city of W'ooster, 
A\'ayne county, Ohio, June jj. 1845. His 
parents were S. S. and Anna ( h'isli ) Good- 
speed. The former was horn in Esse.x county. 
New York, and his mother in X'ermont. His 
grandfather Goodspeed was a soldier in the 
war of 1 8x2 and for his services drew a pen- 
sion from the government u|i to the time of 
his death. 

During the Ci\il war the suhject of this 
sketch enlisted in the services of his country 
four times. On June 4. iS6j, he enlisted in 
the Sixty-ninth Regiment Illinois Volunteers 
and ser\ed four months. After heing hon- 
orahly discharged he enlisted in the Twenty- 
sixth Illinois Volunteers, hut was rejected. 

On March 4. 1864. he enli.sted in the One 
Hundred and Thirty-lifth Illinois Regiment 
and hecame sergeant in Company A. After 
serving four months and twenty-four days he 
was houorahly discharged. When the gov- 
ernment called for men to serve for one year, 
he enlisted again, hut was rejected on account 
of a disaliled arm. He is now a memlier of 
the Grand Army of the Repuhlic. 

Rev. Goodspeed was reared and educated 
at I'rhana. Illinois, and after leaxing the 
.schools of that city he entered the University 
of Illinois, where he attended as a student for 
two vears. He taught school near l^rhana in 
i86g and 1870, and then entered (i.arrett Bihi- 
cal Institute, at I^vanston, Illinois, where he 
prepared himself for the duties of the ministry. 
He joined the Illinois conference of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church Septemher 30. 1873, 
and served the following charges: Tuscola 
circuit, two years; Ludlow, two years; Catlin, 
two years; Camargo. three years; Fairmount, 
two years; Georgetown, three years; Homer, 



three years, and was sent from Iliniier to Ar- further ancestry see sketch of his hrother, 
cola. After serying tlie church liere for one Isaac Skinner). 

year, on account of ill health in his family, John Skinner grew up on the farm and has 

he, in 1892, located at Tuscola. I-'rom that always heen identified with fanning interests, 
date until the jiresenl he has continued in the lie has held the olTice of towushi]) conimis- 
actiye niinistr\', scrsing such charges as he sioner, and has always identified himself with 
could and liye at Tuscola. the hest interests ot Newman and Newman 

-April 14, 1873, he was united in marriage township. Me owns three huuilreil and .sey- 
to Miss Rebecca, a daughter of 1). 11. Jessee, enty acres of valii.ihle and well-tiled land, 
who is an enter|>rising stock raiser and shiii])er which conies alnio>t to the cm por.itii m line of 
residing near \'illa (iro\e. They ha\e two .\ewmau. 
children: W'ilhnr 1'.. who is a gradu.ate of the 
Tuscola High School, and F.dith, ten years of 
age. l\e\'. (ioiidspeeil owns a \alnalile farm 
of two hundred acres in Douglas county and 
other priipcrty. lie preached twenty-six 
years in this stale, is ;in earnest and ahle 
speaker and is highl_\' respected h\' his neigh- 
1)( )rs and friends. 

|()ll\ SKIXXF.K. 

Jiilin ."^^kinner, a leliied an(l highly re- 
si)ected citi/.en ot Xewnian. was hurn in \'er- In iS^cj our sulijecl was married t" Miss 
million calmly. Imliana, April 4. 18,^1, and is flann.ili J., ,1 daughter . >f Mr. Ringland, one of 
a son of Jose|ih and .\laiy ((i.ision) .Skinner. the tirst plivsicians of .Vewnian. w ho emigialed 
llis l.ither came to the cnunty in i8_:;<) ;is a from I'ennsyKauia to the neighliorhoo<l of 
renter, hut afterward owned a trad of land of Kansas, h'.dgar comUw later remoyed to New- 
eight hundied aci'es. The city of .Xewnian is man in 1857, and thence hack to Kansas, where 
located oil part of this land. Me took stock he died. The death of the wife of our subject 
to the yalne of I'our hundred acres of laud and occurred within six weeks after her marri.agc 
one thousand doII;irs cisli in the construction to Mr. .Skinner; he has remained unmarried 
o| the 1. 1). vK: \\ . I\. K.. fioni which he realized e\er since. 

nothing. Me ;m enlisted soldier in the In i8(i_> he yoluuteered in the Seycuty- 

Black Hawk war, and died in 1857 (for ninth Illinois Infantry, and participate<I in the 



battles of Stdiie River, Liberty Gap and Cliick- 
amautja. Fie ami liis bnither Anson were 
captured at the latter place on Sejitember ig, 
1863, and were placed in Libby prison for three 
days. They were placed in the Peniberton 
buildinti". just across the street from Libby, 
and ke])t there for six weeks. Thev were after- 
ward taken to Danville. X'irqinia. and kept in 
an old tobacco factor\ thrnugh the winter of 
1863 and iS(i4 with sixteen hundred other 
prisoners, and were made to sleej) on the bare 
floor without betUliny or lights in the buildiu";. 
Tli'ey were taken from this place in .\pril, i8()4, 
;uid sent to .Andersonville, Georgia. This 
prison contained al)out twenty three acres, be- 
ing enclosed with logs standing on end, mak- 
ing a wall arountl about fourteen feet high. 
This prison had about thirty-five thousand men 
in it. In September, 1864, they were taken to 
Charleston, South Carolina, and remained 
there four weeks, thence to Florence Stockade, 
in February, 1865. They were kept prisoners 
here for al)out tour months, when thev were 
removed to Goldsboro, South Carolina, and 
back to \Vilmington, where they were mus- 
tered out after enduring a prison life of seven- 
teen months and nine days. In these prisons 
they were reduced in llesh b\- starvation to less 
than half their natural weight. Mr. Skinner 
was with his regiment all the time after being 
mustered in until he was cajjtured, excepting 
twi> weeks sickness at Stone Ri\er. .\fter be- 
ing caplurcil he was ten days on his Wdv to 
Libby, where general starvation began, lie 
issued rations to a scpiad of twenty men about 
one year. There were seventeen members of 
his company cai)tured at the same time and he 
had charge of them in pri.son and kept them all 
in his squad except Lieutenant Albin, who was 

wounded and taken from this ]jlace. Joseph 
Harvey and \\'illiam Ritter were left sick at 
Richmond, Virginia: Ritter died and Harvey 
was ]iaroled. D. N. Howard, .Aaron Briton and 
W'm. .Stilluell. of his company, died in .\nder- 
sonsille. These were all that died of the sev- 
enteen who were captured. 

.After they left Dan\ille. \'irginia, there 
was ne\er a vessel of any kind issued for them 
with which to eat, drink or cook. .Ml thev had 
was old cans that they could ])ick up that had 
been thrown awa^'. 

Our subject got hold of an old iron hoop 
and UKule a saw and a pocket knife, these being 
the only edge tools he bad. \\ith these he 
[legan making buckets out of cordwood. He 
could make one bucket a day and sold them for 
from one dollar to one dollar and a half. This 
was his occupation while in .\nderson\ille. 
AVliile he was in the Florence stockades he 
mended shoes and made from two dollars to 
two dollars and fifty cents per ilay. .At Dan- 
\ille he got a job of keeping the back yaril 
clean, for which be recei\ed four rat'ons per 
day ; he divided these rations with his com- 
pany and by so doing saved the lives of six or 
eight men. In November, 1864, he went out 
to the commissar}-, where he had plenty to eat, 
taking his squad along, besides several mem 
bers of other companies. While he was in An- 
dersomille ])rison he was starved down to the 
weight of eighty-live pounds, but when he left 
the commissary at bdorence, in b'ebruarv, 18O5, 
he bail goten back to his natural weight, one 
hundred and ninety-seven and one-half pounds, 
so it can lie seen how starvation had reduced 
him. 1 Ic was mustered of service June 5, 
18(15. at the city of Springfield, Illinois. 

.\nson Skinner's death occurred in Feb- 



niary, 1896. William, another hmther, now 
residing- in Xewnian, was a nicniher ot the 
same regiment ; they were all sergeants. John 
Skinner's friends are legion in the community 
in which he resides. He h\es a (|uiet, con- 
tented life, and cnjo)'s the highest confidence 
of all who know him. 


John \'. Jordan, one of the old and well 
known (if the early settlers now living ami re- 
siding in .Murdoch towiishi]), settled in what 
is now llie coiitincs of Douglas county in the 
fall of ii'^34. lie is a son of h'.dward |(irdan, 
who was horn in \ ir''inia and rcaicd ni l\eu- 


tuckw ;i son iif Samuel who w;is one 
ot the pioneer settlers of that state. h'.dward wediled Christina \'an |)u\u. who was 

lioi'n in .\e\\ Jersey ;uid was a druighter of 
.Mr. Jordan's ])arents emigrated to \ crmillion 
coinUw Indiana, where he was lioru in the 
year iS,V>. Ilere he was reared and iccci\e<l 
John and Rehecca \'au l)u\n. In ahont iSj_^ 
the meagre education oht.aiuahle in the early 
])ioneer schools of that day. After arriving 
in Douglas coimtw he entered first an eightv- 
acre tract of land, -awA soon after I)ought an- 
other eighty-acre tract, which was second 
h.and. h'or that which he entereil he ]>aid one 
tlollar ami twenty-live cents per acre, and the 
other at three dollars and se\entv-fi\e cents per 
acre, lie niiw owns in all three hundred and 
litty acres. He h;is oidy recently donated one 
acie to the k'airland Cemetery Compau\'. lie 
has .always taken an active interest in com- 
mon school education .and was school trustee 
;md tre.isiu'er helore he liecame a \oter in 
1 )i luglas ci Hint)'. 

In January, 1S35, he was muted in mar- 
ri.age to Miss L\'dia (_ . I.eniou, who a na- 
tive of Lawrence count)', lndian;i, ,and a d.iugh- 
ter of M. H, ;iiid h'.h/a Lemon. To their 
riage were horn si.\ chiflren: l.cmon. I'.Ua. 
Edward, John, l,uc\- an<l Dell. I.iu\ died in 
1888, at the age o|' twenl\ one \ears. 

John \ . J' ird.iii, licti n e (lie formal .on 1 u' the 
Kcpiihhcin ]i;irt\, a Whig, and since llie 
filler pai"l\ went down he licen ,1 Repuhli- When he lirst came to the fcalitx' in 
which he now resides, .among those who 
couK' ]ire\ionsl\- w (.•!■(,■ Knherl i',. ( arm.ick. who 
was horn in renni'ssee and located here in 
1S3J; S.iinuel .iiid James W'ishard .and J.acoh 
Canlm.iu; .ilsn Samuel .\. Itrowii. .ill coming 
liciin \ ermilhoii connt\. Indiana; l\e\ . h mes 
.and .\ithni Rr.idsh.iw w ere the earl\ preachers. 




N. C. Lyrla, of Tuscola, a young lawyer 
of brilliant prospects in the future, was ad- 
mitted to practice in tlic l)ou,t;ias o>unty ciuuis. 
in i8q6, having- previously prepared himself 
for the law inider the tutelage of the late Hon. 

Charles W. W'oolverton. He was born 
October 4. 1875. in Champaign county, Illinois, 
and is the sou of H. J. and Rose (Christy) 
Lyrla, who were natives respectively of South 
Carolina and ()luii. His f.ather is a tnbular 
well drilltr by trade and resides in Tuscola. 
His grandfather Christy was born in Ohio 
and ser\ed in the war of the Rebellion. 

N. C. Lvrla was graduated from the Tus- 
cola high school in the class of 1894. He takes 
an active interest in the success of the Dem- 
ocratic party and was the party's nominee for 
ccmuty judge in 1898, InU withdrew before 
the electiun. In the legal i)rofession he is rap- 
idly fighting his way to the front; he is a young 
man of excellent good judgment, is a good 
mdge of law and is engaged in some of 
the must important cases come before the 
Douglas county courts. 


Henry Clay Niles, master in chancery, 
local historian and an old and well known resi- 
dent of Tuscola, is a native of Baltimore, 
Maryland, and a son of Hezikiah and Sally 
.\nn( Warner) Niles, the former was born near 
Wilmington, Delaware, and the latter being of 
Quaker extraction and the daughter of John 
Warner, one of the leading Quakers of that 
state. Hezikiah Niles was an intimate friend 
of Henry Clay, and prominent in Whig pol- 
itics of his (lav; in 181 1 he was editor and 
pro])rietor of the Niles Register, which was a 
strong Whig and pro-slavery paper and always 
supported the candidacy of Clay. It was one 
of the most influential newspapers in the east- 
ern countrv. being one of the acknowledged 
organs of the \\hig party. The International 
Cvclopedia savs of him that he was born in 

1777. in Pennsylvania, received an ordmary 
education and became a member of J^onsal & 
Niles in the newspaper Inisiness at \\'ilming- 



toll, nelaware. wliich was not a success. He 
tlieii liecame a newspaper correspondent and 
in iSii founded Xiles Rctjister at Baltimore, 
and tlied in 1839. 

II. C. Niles was reared to inanluMxl in tlie 
cit}' of Baltimore wliere he attended school 
up til the ag'e of fourteen years. 1 le then hecanie 
a clerk in a wholesale drug store and later was 
a clerk in the Baltimore postnflice fur seven 
years. He was then engaged in the drug busi- 
ness u]) tn icS^d, when he came tu what is now' 
Douglas ci>unly and located at I'.Murhdn, 
\i here he hecanie a salesman for his hrother- 
in Law, L. ( '. Rust, who w;is une of the early 
mercli.aiits nf the cnunty, aii<l with wlium he 
remained fur i\\, 1 years. .After Douglas 
county was fdniu-d in 1850. he was elected tu 
the ofifice of county sur\eyor, since wliich time 
he has served several terms in this othce, and is 
one of the hest known sur\e\-ors in central 
Illinois. He is still acti\ely engaged in the 
business. \'arious acts of the legislature mak- 
ing any correct snr\ey hy a competent snr\-eyiir 
perfectly (thus destroying all induce- 
ments to hold the ofiice), he. like maiiv other 
e.xperienced surveyor^ in the state. h;is since 
refused the position. In iSSi, he was aj)- 
jiointed master in ch.ancery of the Doug'Jas 
County circuit court, which ])osition he has con- 
tinuously held, thus attesting his popularity 
witth all classes ot peopFe who have husiness 
in his court. 

In [858 he married Miss kehecca IJrowu, 
of DeWitt county. Illinois. TIkw have fwv 
children, four of whom are living. .\Ir. Niles 
was made a M.isoii, in li.altiniore, in 1854, and 
iS OIK- ot the oldest memhers of that craft in 
the county. He has materially assisted in the 
making of hotli count v atlases ;ind is the author 

of the old Douglas county history, ])uhlislied in 
1884, and in this compil.alion of this \iilume 
1 ;im under perm.anent ohHg.itions to Mr. Niles 
h >r his iinselfish help. 



Jose]ih H. I'innev, late of Newman, was 
horn in Parke county., January 10, 
1841), and die<l .Septemher 9, 1897. In 1873 
he was married to Miss Kate I'orter and after 
her de.'ith married .Miss .\gnes V'alodin. For 
twent\'-three vc.ars Mr. h'innev w;is in husiness 
at Newman ;it which lie snccessfnllv continued 
up to the lime id his death. lie left ,1 wife 

and two Soils: I'orier and l{\ei"ctt: also two 
sisters, Mrs. W . I'. Miller and Mrs. W. |). 
(ioldman. .and four hiollieis; I'".. ('., Daniel, 
D,i\id \\ ., .and Kohert. I'or several years Mr. 
hiiinev an active and memher 
of the .M. I'", church at Newman, and ,il his in speaking of llie deceased, the pastor 



spoke in substance as follows: "Josei)li Fin- 
ney (li't not lack in noMe liahits. lie was a 
true friend. Friendship to him was not an 
ideal sonicthint;-. hut a living reality, lie had 
no enemies, for he let his life cast true friend- 
ship on every other life. No envy or malice 
could .grow in his nature. lie was benevolent 
to a fault, if it is ever a fault to be benevolent. 
Some man who knew him well, said, 'If Jos- 
eph iMuney only had twenty dollars in the 
world .and someone in need were to ask him for 
aid, he would ,^ivc nineteen of the twenty to 
the tlestitutc." Such was his nature. 

"Gentleness was a marked characteristic 
of his nature. No unkind words would Mr. 
Finney say of those who may deserve them. 
"He understocxl human nature well and 
l)ecause he knew the need (d' sympathy he 
understood now to look with charity on the 
failings of others. 

"No man was ever discouraged or weak- 
ened by associating with joseijh Finney. On 
the other hand, all who knew him felt the 
inllucnce of an honest, gentle, manly spirit. 
Probably none have felt natural weakness 
more, but none have shown more truly than the 
deceased a strong heart and an irreproachable 
character. If ever a m;m was worthy of 
ch;nitv. th;it m;ui was .Mr. l-'inney. 

"In his home, in social life, and in business 
relations he was ever the same. No harshness, 
no sharj) criticism, no fault finding marreii his 
iiUercniu'se wiln others. 

"lie was ever a man id' noble aspirati'us. 
ile v>as never satisfied with present e.\perience 
or achievements. His testimonies in class 
meetii^g an 1 prayer meeting always s;)')ke 
humility and resolution and noble desire. 

"lie knew how to struggle. .\nd though 

like every other man he nicay sometimes have 
erred, yet, like David, he knew how to rise 
above difticnlty and even defeat. His frank- 
ness was striking. He was never afraid tc; do 
the m.inly thing. 

'"To his ])astor he sjxike with Christian con- 
fidence during his illness of his trust in God, 
and conscious peace at heart. He was the 
kind of man that God loves, — humble, sin- 
cere, trustful, penitent. 

"The words of Shakespeare may be truly 
said of him: 'His life was gentle, and the 
elements so mixed in him, that nature might 
stand u]i and say to all the world. This was a 
man.' "' 

He was buried at Tuscola, the funeral cer- 
emonies being conducted by Re\". J. M. Oak- 
wood, assisted by Revs. Calhoun and Piper. 
Mr. Finney was a Mason and was a member of 
Melita Commandery at Tuscola, the members 
of which had charge of his remains; he was 
also a member of the Knights of Pythias and 
Modern Woodmen. His widow, Mrs. Finney, 
resides at .Newman and before her marriage 
was a Miss Valodin, of Oakland. She was a 
daughter of M. B. and Sarah Ann (Red- 
den) \'alodin. Her father was born in Ohio 
and her mother in Illinois. Mrs. h'inney is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church at 
Xewman and highly interests herself in cburcii 
work, being one of the class leaders. 

SAMUEL H.\\\lvL\S. 

Samuel Hawkins, a member of one <d die 
earliest settled in Douglas county families and 
a soldier in the Civil war, was born in Pick- 



away county, Oliio, October 12, 1836. and is a 
snn i>f ]nhn Tfawkiiis wlio was l)orn in Lon- 
(Iniin Cdunl}', \'irL;inia. His motlicr, wlio was 
Marji'arct Cassady, was also l.iorn in X'irc^-inia. 
In October, 1851. Siunud's father, witli a 
laniily of several sons, came and settled in 
what is now Douglas county, two miles and 
;i half southwest of Newman, .\ftcr he had 
Inc'itcd his children nrs^'cl him to enter <a lar<;'C 
body of land which he could have done at one 
dollar and twenty-five cents an acre, but it was 
his opinion at that time that the prairie land 
uiaild never he settled, and conse(|ncntlv he 

did not do so. i'.ut later on he bought a f.arm 
of seventy-two acres along the Brushv h'ork 
timber, where he resided until his death, .\'o- 
\ ember ro, ]88o. 

Samuel Hawkins remained on a farm in 
Ohio until he arrived in Douglas county with 
his I'ather. He has l«en twice married, the 
first lime on Octi/ber 23, 1858, to Aliss Eliza- 
beth, a daugliter of Robert Hopkins, wlio emi- 
gr.-ited from Pickaway county, Ohio, and set- 
tled in Xewman township before the Hawkins 

tamily, and by this marriage he has two chil- 
dren living: W. S. and Mrs. Mary E. lUisby. 
Mis first wife died .\ 12, 1866. In 1870 
he wedded ATiss Elizabeth, daugliter of W'ill- 
iam lln|)kiiis, who was a brother of Roliert, 
and was among the pioneer .settlers in what is 
now known as the Hopkins and Hawkins 
neiglil)orhood. Mrs. Hawkins is a gnmd- 
danghter of Josejih and Eliz;ibtth Winkler, 
who came to this county in :i verv earlv day. 
Both died in 1830, and were among the verv 
earliest buried in the .Mliin cemeterv. .Mr. 
Hawkins by his second wife has Iwn children: 
E\a 1!., wife of llarrisun ll.awkins. ;uid Lu- 
ther 1')., unmarried. 

On July 30, 1862, our subject volunteered 
in the Seventy-ninth Illinois, and became a 
corporal in Com]xniy E, W. .\. Lowe's com 
pany. Mr. Eowe was an olil .■md pi-nminenl 
early settler in .Vewman township, and for 
him the Newman (irand .\rmy ])osl w;is 
named; before the end of the war he became 
lieutenant-colonel. Mr. Hawkins was .at the 
iiattle of t'hickamauga, but was captured the 
first day of the fight and w:is sent to Uich- 
mond and Later to Danville. He is a member 
of the (ir.and .\rniy of the Ke])nblic, of the 
Masonic fraternity, and the Wesley Chapel 
.Methodist church. He owns eighty acres of 
land and is one of the substantial and highly 
respected citizens of Newman township. 

1-"U.\.\'K C. DI'A'I'.R. 

h^^ank C. Devcr, present i)rincipal of the 
Hindsboro public .schools, and the ctlitor and 
proprietor (jf the Hindsboro News, was Ijorn 



in Clark county, TUindis. January 26, 1860, 
and is a son of I'^ C. ami I'.li/.a (luig-lish) 
Dover, natives of Ohio. The jiarents re- 
iiiDVcd to Caniargo township in iS^S, thence 
tu r..i\v(lre township in 1870, and the father 
at present resides in Missouri, the mother 
having died May 31, 1900. l-rank C. Dever 
attended Lee's academy at Loxie. Coles coun- 
tv, and later at the Danville normal. He has 

been teaching since 1 880, ar.d was superintend- 
ent of the ]Hil)lic schools at .\nna, Illinois, for 
four years, and of Barry, Illinois, for tw<.^ 
years. Since 1897 he has held his present 
position in the Hindsboro public schools. In 
1892 he was married to Miss Eva W'orley, of 
.\ima. They have two children : Lena and 
Wesley Collins. 

In 1898 our snliject was the Democratic 
nominee for superintendent of the Douglas 
county schools, but was defeated. The Demo- 
cratic side of the board of supervisors in the 
contest to fill the vacancy in tliat office caused 
by tlie death of Thomas M. \\'ells, in 1899, 

gave their united support to Mr. Dever for 
twenty-three ballots, the board being a tie 
politically. The deadlock, which had held the 
lioard of supervisors for several weeks, was 
broken by both parties meeting on neutral 
ground and giving their united support to 
Miss Blanche Caraway, the present incumbent. 
The Hindsboro News, which is in the line 
politically with the Chicago platform, was 
founded liy Sisson & Miller in 1896. Air. 
Sisson soon withdrew, and the paper was man- 
aged liy Charles B. Miller until the summer 
of 1897, when he was succeeded by Monroe 
Mclntyre, known as the "fighting editor" of 
the News, and who sold the paper to Mr. 
Dever in March, 189S. The paper has a cs- 
culation of about five hundred, comes out ov 
Fridays and is a six-column folio. Since 
October, 1899, C. L. Watson, the; 
supervisor of Bowdre township, has been as- 
sociated with Mr. Dever in business, under the 
following names : Dever & Watson, pub- 
lishers; and C. L. Watson & Co., real estate. 
Mr. Dever is president of the village board of 
trustees of Hinds1:)oro, and is ident.fied with 
all movements which aim toward the advance- 
ment of the best interests of Hindsboro and 
its vicinity. 


George W. Siders is one of the early and 
prominent settlers of Camargo township stdl 
living. He settled in the northeast part of 
Camargo township in 1852. He is a son of 
Jacob and Susan (Clark) Siders, who were 



natives respectively of A'irginia and Maryland. 
.\fter tlieir marriage they emigrated from 
Virginia to Fairfield county. Ohio, thence to 
Pickaway county. Ohio, and from there to 
Douglas county, Illinois. In the _\-ear aliove 
mentioned Jacolb Siders was a renter and 
never owned but twenty acres of land. He 
died in this county in the sixty-third year of 
his age. and was huricd at Camargo. His 
wife, who was horn in i8i i near Harper's 
Ferry, Virginia, is still living. Jacol) Siders 
was a son of Solomon Siders, wlio was a sol- 

George W. Siders was born b'chruary lo, 
1836, in Pickaway county, Ohio, and was six- 
teen years old when his father came to Doug- 
las count}-. In 1 869 he settled on his i)resent 
farm, which contains one hundred and t\\ent\' 
acres. In 1862 he was united in marriage to 
Eliza i\nn Hughes, who was bom and reared 
in Logan county, Ohio. Her death occm-red 
on Sunday, April 2j, 1900. To this mar- 
riage were born five children, four of whom 
are nf)w li\-ing: Mary, who is the wife of 
Charles lvc}'nolds; Ella, wife of John lluls; 
.Mice, wife of I linmas Huls; and .Miln, who 
is at home; he married Miss .Maii'l (irimcs, 
of Indianola. Robert Eldon, who died in 
April. 1900, aged thirt_\'-seven }-cars and live 
days, was much attached to his .Mr. 
Siders has been schocil director for three years, 
a member of the Grange and l\ M. I!. .\. 
order, .\mong" -Mr. Siders' neighbors whjn 
he first came to the coimty were Jack 
man and his brollier Jim, and George Kilter, 
now ])ostmastcr at \'illa Grc)\'e. and amung the 
early ministers were .Vrthur Bradshaw. i'eler 
Wallace, whn was the presiding elder oi the 
district, and Rex'. Saulsburv. 

\\TLL1.\M 11. PA'Sll. 

dier in the war of 1812 and the Ilonsc-shoc 
war against the Indians. The father of Solo- 
mon Siders was also named Solomon; he was 

in the war of the Revolution and according to William H. Ihish, a well-known auction- 

tbe traditions of the family lived to be one eer and respected citizen of Hindsboro, 

hundred and fifteen years old. James Clark, was born in I'.owdre township, Douglas coun- 

the maternal grandf;Uher, was born in Dublin, ty, Illinois, .\pril i, 1839. lie is a son of E. 

Ireland, was a weaver liy trade, and when he P.. and Margaret .\nn (Mover) His 

came to Ohio was one of the pioneer school father was one of the earliest settlers m 

teachers. Powdre township, lie was a native of liar- 



din enmity. KciUiicky. and c.nnic to the (.-(innty 
wlien seventeen _\-cars of age. .\t present he 
resides ;il Gales'liurg, Illinois, in the sixty- 
second xcnv of his age. He is a son of John 
Bush, who was horn in l''lizal)ethto\vn. llardin 
county, Kentuck}'. April i, iScij, and <licd 5. 1852. Our suhject's mother. Mar- 
garet .\un Moycr. was horn in Rockingham 
countv, N'irginia. and was the dangliter of 
Jtjhn Pliillip I\lo}'er. who was of German 01- 

tr.action. and who came to the comity a year 
pre\ ions to the coming of the I'ush familv. 

William H. lUish was reared on the farm 
and educated at the country schools of Bow- 
dre township, Douglas county, Illinois. In 
18S2 he was united in marriage to Aliss Lola 
I*'. Alnlliktu. of C'hamp.aigu county, a grand- 
daughter of Samuel ]'. Miller, who has ever 
since he was a young man heen a iirominent 
light in the ministry of the Christian church. 
.\lr. .Miller is still li\ing. in. the eighty-fifth 
vear of his age. lie w;i^ horn in Kentucky, 
April j(>. 1S15. llis wife, I'.ertha M. Jean, 

was horn in Illinois, May 7, 1817, and died 
July 8. 1838. (See sketch of I. .M. MuUiken. 
of Newman.) To :\!r. and Mrs. Bush have 
heen born eiglit children, whose names and 
dates of birth are as follows: Zella M., Sep- 
tember 3, 1882; Clarence E., December 7, 
1883; Stella F., September 12. 18S7; Gertie 
V,., June 22, 1889 (died September 14, 1898) ; 
Waldo H., August 17, 1890: V'icva M.. Feb- 
ruar)- 2('>, 1893; one which died at birth un- 
named, May 19, 1895; Frederick E., Novem- 
ber 23, 1899. Mr. Bush has in additi<ni to 
his work as auctioneer dealt in broomcorn 
Duncan & Tarbox, of .\rcola. since 1888. lie 
has also been in the uudert.aking business in 
I lindslioro since June 10, 181)7. lie was one 
of the principal organizers oi the Court i>f 
Honor at that jilace on March 1, 1899, of 
which order he has been the' worthy chancel- 
lor since its organization. This order is in a 
lloiu'ishiug condition, lia\'ing initiated about 
one hundred members. He was elected ilele 
gate to the ounty convention of the Court of 
1 hinor January 9. ii;oo; frc.m there he was 
elected delegate to the State meeting .at 
.Springfield for February 14. i()00; ami at the 
state convent:<in he was elected tlelegate to the 
supreme session, which was held in I'eoria on 


i(;oo. W'illirun H. lUisli is also 

a member of the Masonic and i. O. O. F. fra- 
ternities and of the Modern Woodmen of 
.\nierica. He stands high in his community, 
and is recognized as a man of good business 
.abililv; he has filled all the principal oftices 
in the Odd I'^ellows lodge of Hindsboni. as 
well as deputy of the lodge for several terms. 
He also represented his lodge in the Gr;uid 
Lodge at Springfield in i8()3 ;md 1894. .\t 
present he is senior deacon in the A. !•'. & .'\. 



iM. li)(lt^e at Ilindslxini: lias also been the ven- Haniimi, nf Cleniiniit connlw ( )liii). In iSo- 

erable consul of 1 liiulsln MM Camp No. 968, M. he started in business at ( )aklancl and con 

W. 0I" .\., and served as worthy banker of this tinned until 1S87, when be nio\ed to Kansas 

camp lor four successive years. He has in- and entei\'d into partnership with Ins brothe;-, 

terested himself in politics, having been elected W. W. Darr. under the firm name of W. W. 

constable of liowdre township three times; liarr >S: Urother. 

has also served as trustee of the village. IMr. His wife passed awav April j. iS^S, lea\- 
liush has the management of the Douglas iug two children. .Stella and ( ienrge 11. 
County Telejihone Exchange, located in his hi iSjc; he sfarte<l in business in .X'ewmaii 
residence ;it llind.sboro. which is operateil by and one \ear later sold his interest in the store 
his eldest daughter, Zella M. I'.ush. at Kansas to his brother and b, mglit tlie lit- 
ter's interest in .Xewinan. 
In i<S,Si he married Miss Mav W. Curd. 

J\.Mb:.S i;.\UR. 

Among the many successful men noted for 
then- l.iir dealing with the public and llu-ir np- 
rightness in character, who have made die 
city of Xewnian f.anioiis, none deser\e more 
t'redit than James I'.arr. ( )ui' subiect was 
born in ('leriiioiit couuiw ()hi(i. April 7, iS_:;i), 
and in 1S5J uioxed with his parents to Ch,-ir- 
lestoii. ('oles county. Illinois, where he w;is 
reared .and schooled. At the age of sixteen 
he the traile of a tinner, which he m,a> 
tei'ed and ba^ coiitiuned to follow llirougli 
lite. \\ hen he w;is but ;i bov his father died. 
lea\ing him to do for liini'-elf. llis eilnca- .id \. 11 1 1 ages were, as wa> the case with ,,f W' and to this union one son. Cl.ay- 
m.iiiy ot the pioneers. \ ery limited, allliongh tun ('., was born. 

he rei'eueil ;i f.iir business education. Ileiiig hi iSi;o be sold a half inierest in his Inisi- 

of a mechanical turn of mind, be soon became ness to W. !'". .Summers. Tbev conilncted the 
an expert workman. During the lirsl call of business under the n.iine of l',.irr iV Summers 
the Civil he enlisted in the baglith lllilloi^ until iNm^. when Ah'. I'.arr bought Mr. Sinn- 
V'olnnteer liif;nitr_\-. ami remained out inilil mers' interest. On the Stli of (tctipbi'r. iSij^. 
the end ol his term of service, after which be our subject's son, Ceorge 11. Karr. died at the 
returned to Charleston. age of twenty-one years, four months .and 

In i.S()4 Mr. ILarr m.arried .Miss bdiza K. foiirfeeii davs. 



Ill iSi/) lie siilil ;i half interest to I. M. 
MuUiken. of Cliaiiestun. The hrin runs un- 
der the head uf Barr & Mulliken. They own 
two uf the largest stores in the city, one, hard- 
ware, stoves ami tinware, and the other, fur- 
niture and undertaking-, where a full line of 
each can al\va\s he found on hand James 
Barr is a stanch Repuhlican and has heen 
elected iiia\or of Neunian three times, always 
making- a good executix'e officer. He is a 
great helie\er in secret orders and is ever 
ready to further their interests. He is a 
prominent Odd Fellow and Mason ; is a Knight 
Teni])lar. heing a memher of the Alelita Com- 
mandery No. T,y. at Tuscola. He is Eminent 
High I'riest in .Vewnian Chapter, \o. /2. and 
is the president of the Odd Fellnws Ceneiit 
Association of Douglas county. He is the 
son of Samuel and Sarah ( Wise) Barr. The 
former was li'im in Steuhein ille, ()liii). in 
1800, and died in iS5(). The latter was Ijurn 
in Pennsyhaiii.a in 1803 and died in iSSo. 
Air. Barr's present wife is the daughter nf 
Daniel and Fxaline Curd, of near l'"rankfiirt, 
Kentucky. Daniel Curd was l.xirn in iSoS 
and Evaline in iSoi. 

Mr. Jiarr is a memher uf the M. E. church 
ami his wife is a nieniber and wnrker in the 
O. K. S. and Rehekah hedges of Newman, and 
is a leading worker in the Christian church. 


the province of West Prussia, Germany. May 
30, 1869, and is a son of Christ and Ciiristian 
(Schlack) Plapke, who were nati.ves of the 
same province. His father was a blacksmith 
hy trade, who emigrated to this country in 
1871 and located in Michigan City, Laporte 
county, Indiana, where he followed his trade 
and also engaged in farming. He resides at 
present four and one-half miles east of I\lichi- 
gan City. He served in the war of Germany 
against Austria in 1866. 

.\di>lpli Il.-ipkc, the leading jeweler ;iml 
optician and one of the rising and successful 
N'liuiig business men of Newman, was born in 

.\ili>lpb Hapke received a C(.immon school 
eilucaticiii ;ind ;it the age of sex'enteen went to 
Michigan City, where he serveil an apprentice- 
ship of four years at his trade. In 1898 he 
located at Newman, haxing previously taken 
a course in optics at the Chicago Oi)hthal- 
niology College. 

On October 11, 1899, he was married to 
Miss Josephine, a daughter of Enoch Gordon, 
of Newman. .Vfler his luarriage he pur- 
chased the residence of C. E. Eagler, and it is 
one of the elegantlv furnished homes of New- 



man. After lii.s marriage tlic Newman In- mentiuncd. In Fel)ruary. i,Sf)_>. lie vulun- 
(Icpendent spoke of him as follow.s: "Mr. teereil in tl:e I'irst Missouri Regiment of In- 
Ilapke came to Newman about two years ago, fantry ami parlicijiated in mauv of the priuci- 
and since then his dealings with our people have pal battles of liie war, remaining out until its 
been honorable, and he has formed ties nf He afterward returned home and en- 
friendship that will always last. The briile gaged in farming, and succeeded in making 
is one of Newman's most deserving young an iKniest living and securing^ the good opinion 
ladies, who was graduated in the sjiring of ,,f his neighbors. His farm contain.s only 

1891; from the high school of Newman with 

Mr. Hapke carries a large stock of jew- 
elry, and by his honest and upright mode of 
doing l.iusiness has ])ut himself on the mail 
to building up a most prosjierous business. 

forty -four acres, but he is .satisfied with if. 

In 18(17 oiu" subject was united in marri;ige 
to Miss Sarah Johnson, a d.aughter of I. T. 


J. .M. Hawkins, an inlelligent farnier. who 
saw three years of ser\ ice in the war of the 
Kcljt'llion. is a son of jolni Hawkins, who 
was born near llar])er's l'"erry, Virginia, and 
who came to Douglas county in 1 S3 1 . and 
.settled on a farm three mile.^ south of New 
man. where he resi<led .and was jirominent in 
his neighl)orhood uji until his death, which 

occm-red in the year 1880. .\mong some more Johnson, win, |iracticed medicine ;it I'.onrbon 
ol the eai'lier settlers are mentioned L'ornelius, u]> to 1871. when he iemo\ed to I'larlon conn 
Robert and James Hopkins, Robert .Mbin and [v. .Missouri, where he died some sixteen years 
Enoch .\ewell. who are all early settlers fioui ago at the .ige of sixty-four years. lie was a 
Indiana. John Hawkins wedded Margaret natixe of ( )hio. .Mr. ll.awkins is a member 
C'as.s.-uly, ol ( )hio, but a native of \'irginia. of the ( irand .\rmy of the Republic, .M.isonic 

J. M. Hawkins was born in I'ickaway fraternity and Knights of I'vlhias. lie is 
comity. ( )liio. I'"ebniary 5. 1831), and came unassuniing in his manner ;uid gentle in his 
to Douglas coniit\- in the iall of the vear .above conduct tow,-iiil his fellow men. 

1 84 



Aliram !l. Mi)orc, deceased, father of 
I'".(l\\;iiil M. and Morris L. Moore, was 1)()rii in 
I'.nurliiiii tdwnsliii), Douolas county, Illinois, 

Deccniher 7. 1S38. and was of old Virginia 
ancestry, lie died May 11, 1SS3. at the age 
of forty-four years. His fatlier was Jacob 
Rice JMoore anil his mother .\manda Moore 
(see sketches of Wm. F.. Jacob R., Jr., and 
others.) Abrani H. Moore was married to 
Mary E. Miller, of Mattoon, Illinois. J.anuary 
31, 1865. To their union were born three 
children: I'ldward McClellan, Morris Logan, 
and Mary Catherine, Morris and Kate being 
twins. .Mary C"atherine dieil Seiitember 18, 
1890, and .Mary E. died October 20, 1894. 
Abrani 11. at his death owned a farm of three 
liundrc<l and twenty acres in I'ourbon town- 
shp, ailjdining the old Moore homestead. He 
was cf a sober, industrious disi)oS!tion an.l 
\v;ui highly respected by his large cn^'jle .1; 
friends and ntighbors. He was an invalid lor 
five years prior to bi§ death. 


Edw. McC. Moore, the oldest son of .Mirani 
H. and Mary E. Moore was born at the home 
of his father, three miles west of Areola, Bour- 
bon township, Douglas county, Illinois, Octo- 
lier 20, 1865. He secured his education in the 
neighborhood schools. At the age of si.Kteen 
vears Mr. Moore left school on account of the 
death of his father and took charge of ilie 
farm, and he has been successful as a farmer, 
stock rai.ser and feeder. In 1893 he was mar- 
ried to Miss Lena Kelley, a daughter of .Mr. 
Benjamin Kelley. who was an early settler in 
}*Ioultrie county, from Kentucky. At present 
he spends most of his time among his child'cn, 
in Florida, California, . Kansas, Washington, 
Nebraska and Ill'nois. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Moore two very interesting children have been 
born: .\lbert Henry and Mary Vivian. Mr. 
Moore owns two hundred and sixty acres of 

well improxx'd laiui, 

had some ex- 

perience in office. He is of good moral char- 
acter and his friends are many. 




Morris Logan Moore, son of Abram H. 
and Mary E. Moore, was liorn April 28, iSCnj. 
at tlie Iiome of his father, three miles west of 
.\rccihi. TUinois, in ISonrlion townsiiij), and 

"^ "^ 

W V 1 



k . . 

owns and lives on the old home, C(.)nsisting' of 
twi) liniulrcd and tea acres of well improved 
land, lie received h's early training at the 
Cdmuion country schools and attended Lee's 
Academy at Lo.\a, lllnois, one year, I'mf. 
Lee heing one nf the eminent educators of his 
lime. Later he attended the normal at Val- 
paraiso, Indiana, for a period of two years, 
where he pu^^ued the scientific and teacher's 
course, .\fter leaving collage he taught schonl 
for one year and then traveled extensively 
throughout the west and southwest. lie is un- 
married, has served his township as collector 
for two years, and is a Royal Arch Mason in 
high standing. Courteous, (juiet, well informed 
and enterprising, he stands as one of the repre- 
sentative and successful voung business men of 
the county. 


J. Park j\lc(jcc. M. I)., a prominent and 
well known citizen of r.rushy I'ork, and 
closely identified with the material interests of 
the county, was I)orn Janu.ary 5, 1847, in 
Clark county. Indiana, and is a son of William 
Park McGee, a native of Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, of Scotch-Irish extraction. 
He was a saddler by trade, and a son of Rob- 
ert McGee, who was an early settler in i'enn- 
sylvania. The Park family are a very prom- 
mcnt family of Washington county. Pennsyl- 
\ania, and the oUl homestead still belongs to 
John P;u"k. of the third generat'on from Isa- 
bella Park. Our su1}ject's mother, whose 
maiden name was Tamar Tom. was l)orn in 
the oil regions, on the .Allegheny river in Al- 
legheny county, Pennsylvan'a. His father 
was born on the Monongahela ri\-er. in 
Washington county, the same state. The 

Doctor's grandmother. Isabella Park iMc- 
Gee, was a daughter of John Park and sister 
n{ Hueh Park. William Park McGee 

1 86 


(father) learned his trade in Pittshurg, emi- 
grated ahout the year 1820, on a flat-boat to 
Louisville. Kentucky, hut settled across the 
river in Xew Charlestown. Clark county, Indi- 
ana, where he farmed and followed his trade. 
He died April 2y, 1862, and is buried in 
Owen Creek cemetery. 

J. Park McGee was reared in Clark coun- 
ty, and was principally educated in Wabash 
College, taking an irregular course with the 
object in view of preparing himself for his 
profession, remaining in this college three 
years. He subse(iuently read medicine with 
Dr. \\'(irk, of Charlestuwn. entereil the Eclectic 
College of Cincinnati and was graduated in 
1872. He afterward took one course of lec- 
tures in the Rush Medical College of Chicago, 
;ind had a complimentary degree conferred 
upon him Ijy the faculty of this well-known 
institution in 1887. He was elected to the 
Legiskiture fnun the Uepuljlican district coin- 
])osed of Douglas, Coles ami Cumljerland 
counties, in 1884, 1888 and 1892. He was 
elected as a Democrat and at each re-election 
carried the district by increased majorities. 
He assisted in jiassing the bill to legal ze ilis- 
secting. and for so doing Rush Medical Col- 
lege conferred upon him a complimentary de- 
gree. During the first term he was chairman 
of the sanitary committee, and member of ap- 
propriation, education, insurance, re\'enue and 
railroads committees. Dr. jMcGee is one of 
the pioneer silver men of the state, as pro- 
claimetl in the Chicago platform of 1896, and 
was a delegate who took a prominent part in 
the state convention at Springliekl in 1895, 
the first silver state convention ever held. 
The Doctor located at Brushy Fork in 1874, 
and lias practiced his profession there ever 

since. In )8()4 he joined Company K, One 
Hundred Thirty-seventh Illinois Infantry, and 
ser\ed to the e-\[)iration of his term of enlist- 
ment, and he has a certificate of thanks from 
P'-esuient Lincoln for services rendered \\\s 
country. He owns two hundred and fifty acres 
of land; is a Knight Templar in ^Masoi'ry, and 
has never been married. He will visit the 
Paris Fair this year and make a tour of Eu- 
rope. Dr. McGee's life has been a busy one 
and during all the years of his residence in the 
township the time has been fully taken up in 
what he conceived to lie his public and private 
duty. He is a man of unquestionable integ- 
rity, honesty in his business transactions, and 
generous in his disposition, w'th a wide char- 
ity for mankind. 



Charles F. Jenne is one of the most suc- 
cessful merchants and enterprising luisiness 
men of Douglas county, res'dhig at Arthur, 
where h.e and his partner, Fred B. Beckman, 




own and conduct twu lars^e stnres, one a t^Tn- He lias a rc'markal)k- UKMnnrv. ami pmhalilv 
oral lia.nlwaie estahlishnicnt and the citlur knew more nf the early liist.ii-\- nf Ddip'las 
Inrnitnre and nndertakint^'. He has resided and Coles cnunlies than an\ 1 .llier man witliin 
a! Arllun' since 1NX5, and was in hnsiness their linunds. 

alone nntil three years a^o when lie took in lie was hcjrn in Cnniherland \alley. near 

his jiresent partner. Since his residence in 1 larrishnrt;-. renns\lvania. Deceniher _>-. iXi^. 
Arthur he has always given his support to all 1 h'or further facts jiertaining to ancestry, see 
worthy enterprises calculated to i)roniote the work of Dr. luigle. state lihrarian of I'enn- 
welfare of his town and countw ami is \alued s\l\ania. on earlv families of the Cunitierland 
as a citizen hy the entire community. \alley. ) Dr. Hiram Rutherford, after attend 

Charles F. Jenne was horn in l\o>> county, ing jeti'erson L'iii\ersit\-, commenced the prac- 
Ohio. in 1S53 and is a son of Henry W. and lice of med-cine at the age of tw eut\-di\e vears. 
Mary ( .Smitli ) Jenne. who were iiatixes of al .M illershurg. PcunsvlNauia. 
( iermany. Me was reared and educated in the 
common schools of Ross countx. ( )hio. In 
iSSii he was united in marriage to .Miss .Sallie 
]. Warren, a daughter of T. T. Warren, a na- 
ti\e of Douglas county. .Mr. |enne is a 
Mason an<! takes deep interest in Masonic af- 
fairs, lia\ing ser\ed as m.aster of Arthur 
Lodge, Xo. Sjt. foi- three \ears. 


Thomas 1|. Rntheifoid, the ])rcsent su]i:r- 
\isor of .\ewnian town^-hip. .iiid ,,ik. i,f d^. 
acknowledged leader^ in fai-niing .-s well as 

ill poluical a(fair> of D,nigl;is county, was horn Thomas 11. Rniherford i-ecei\ed his edu- 

at ( )aklau(l. Coles county. Illinois, January cation in the schools of ()akland. ,and 011 ( )c- 

K', I.S33. lie Is a son of Dr. Rutlier- toher 13, 1874. he was united in marri.age to 

ford, .settling there in the year 1X40. one of the Miss Sarah R. ,a daughter of 

pioneers, and at the time of his death he J,,hn 1',. / who settled in Oakland 

one of the oldest ])liysicians in eastern Illinois. township in iS^^j. -I-,, them h.axeheeii horn 

and one of the largest hand owners as well. tour children: Cyrus W.. I'.essie (deceased), 

lie written much of the early settlers, es- Hiram 1',.. ;md K.atie. .Mr. Rutherl'onl re- 

pecially of the eccentric ones of this region. sides on In.s heautiful farm uf twu liundred 



and forty acres, just mirth of Newman, and 
is one of the most inlliiential leaders of the 
Kepuhhcan party in the county. He lias heen 
school treasnrei' of township No. i6. ran<^-e 
II. since the spring of i.SjO. In 1885 he was 
elected co'.nmissioner of highways and he'd 
that office until Decemher. i8go. when he re- 
signed to be apjiointed supervisor to hll the 
\acancy of L. E. Root, who was elected comity 
treasurer. He was re-elected supervisor in 
1892. also in 1894. and was elected chairman 
of the hoard in i8(;3 and 18Q4. He ;s now 
a memher of the committee on li -lar.cj. re- 
funding of tax and ]iulil'c huild ngs and 
grounds. Socirllv he helongs to the Newmaui 
RUie l-odge and is ]>ast high priest 1 f the 
ko)aI .\rch Masons, Newman Chapter, No. 
1 72. and is also a member of INlelita Coni- 
mandery. No. 37. Knights Templar; is a 
Knight of r^-lhias and a inenil)er of the Mod- 
ern Woodmen. 

Air. Rutherford is v man of action and 
1/Usincss ca])acitv. and whatever cause he es- 
]3ouses he generalh' through success- 
fulh'. with a \;m and earnestness which are 
in a high degree characteristic qualities of his 


Joseph S. W'yeth was for many years 
]>re\'ious to his death prominently identiiied 
w ith the affairs of Douglas county. He. with 
his brother. L. J., and their wives, came to 
Coles county in 1850 and settled on farms foiu" 
miles scjuth of Hindshoro, where they re- 
mainetl until i860, when they removed to 

Tuscola and engaged in mercantile business. 
The partnership lasted four years, when it was 
disso]\'ed, L. J. remaining in the business and 
Jose])h S. locating on a farm in (jarrett town- 
ship where his widow^ now resides. This was 
in 1864. ( l""or a very full and complete an- 
cestry of the W'yeth family see sketch of L. 
J. W'yeth on another Jiage). 

From the Tuscola Review: "Tuesday 
morning, at his home in (iarrett township. 

Joseph S. W'yeth. a pioneer resident rmd farm- 
er of Douglas county, departed this life. He 
was seventv vears and two nioiuhs old. 

"Deceased was born in l''ranklin county. 
Massachusetts, ■ April 15, i8j8. In 1850 he 
Avas united in marriage to Miss Joanna Hunt 
in Cicking county, Ohio. Mrs. W'yeth and 
six children survdve him, and two children 
long since ])recedetl their father to the grave. 
Mr. W'yeth had been in poor health for many 
vears, and the last few years of his life seldom 
left the home place." 



"At one time lie was quite a wealtliy man 
and was a larg'e dealer in live stuck, but ow- 
in<;' to failini;' health he was ohli^ed ti> retire 
Irnm aetixe lite a uumher <if \-cars 'Ap;n. He 
leaves his family well provided for. Thdse 
who best know him speak of Mr. \\'_\elh in 
the highest praise as a citizen. nei,t;hl)i>r and 
Christi.HU man. Dnrin;;- his life he fullnwed 
the hihle injimctiim to 'do unto dtliers as vnu 
wnuld have them do untu \'ou.' ami he went 
t(i the ,i^ra\e honored and respected 1 y all who 
knew him. 

"I'^meral scr\-ices were lieM at _' < /clock 
yesterday afternoon at ("artwrii^ht chin-ch, 
Kev. Ciec). Rippey ofliciatinL;', and it wa^ one 
of the lari^est finierals ever held in ( i.arrett 
Ic iwnshi])." 

.Mrs. Wyc'lh. his widow, is a dau.'^iiter of 
I'llijah Hunt and Rhoda (llillyer) llnnt, who 
were born respectively in X'ermont .and Con- 
necticut and were en<^;i.t;ed in aqricnllure pur- 
suits. I'dijah Hunt, her father, was in the 
war ol iSij. llis death occurred l''ehruarv 
iJ. 1N73. in the sexeuty-seventh vear of his 
aoe. Her tjrandl'ather, Justin Ilillver. was a 
Revolutionary soldier. Her .L;randt"ather 
Hunt was a native of X'ermont. To .Mr. and 
-Mrs. Wyetli were horn the t'ollowin;;- children: 
Rhuda. wife of W. \\. I'.rentou, of I ,a S.alle, 
Illinois; iM-anklin L. f.armer in (iarrett town- 
ship; Harry L.. also a f.armer in the .saiue 
township; .Su.san. wil'e nf Joseph ( Ire.g'ory, of 
(iarrett townshi]); I.nell;i. wil'e of William 
Romine, of C.arrett. ;md Daisy, who is the 
wile of John I'.urk, ;i luerchant of C.arrett. 
The farm upon which .Mrs. Wycth resides 
is owned by her ;md two of her sons and con- 
tains three hundreil .and thirlv-se\en acres. 


William T. Moore, generally known as 
!-^(|uire Moore, is a leading citizen and farmer 
of .Areola township, and is a member of one of 
the earliest and most ])roiuincnt f.amilies in 
Dou.glas county. He was liorn in I'.arke 
county. Indiana. Septeiuber 5. 1830. and is ;i 
son of Jacob Mo(ire. the ]Moneer of the f.amily 
in the county, who a native of Kentuckv. 

'S(|uire Moore"s grandfather. .Mnah.un 
Moore, anil his wife. n;iti\cs of X'irginia. were 
early settlers in .Shclh\' ciuintv. Kentucky, 
where they s])ent the rem.ainiler of their li\es. 
'Sqmfe Moore i'cmo\ed with his parents from 
I'arke county to w is now known ;is the 
Moore neighborliood when he was but four 
}'cars old. Here he grew to m.auhood ;md 
(jbtainecl the ad\ant;iges of an ordin.arv school 
education. in 183') he unite<l in m,ar- 
riage to M.arg.arct Iv. who is ;i 
daughter of John ;uid .M.argaret (Carter^ 



Lontlian, l)otli of whom were born in Fred- 
erick county, Virginia, she being the youngest 
of twelve cbil(b-cn. John Louthan was born 
Decemlier ii, 1779. and (h'cd May 7, 1864. 
He first removed to Edgar county, and in 1844 
settled on the Okaw in Bourbon township, 
where he bought about one thousand acres of 
land. He was a son t)f Henry Louthan, who 
was a native Scotchman. His wife was a 
daughter nf .\rthur Carter, who was born in 
Ireland, and who later emigrated and lived in 

To Mr. and Mrs. W. T. ^Moore ha\T been 
born six ch'ldren: Sarah M.. living at home: 
Charles A. and Ferdinand, who arc pnnninent 
farmers in Ci-lcs county; Laura, who is the 
widow of Riihcrt Ijlack (see sketch), and re- 
sides in .\rcola: .Alice 11. and Henry. Mr. 
Moore has for eighteen years filled the office 
of justice of tlic peace, has served three terms 
as township collector, and two terms as as- 
sessor. He owns one hundred and ninety 
acres, and the old homestead and one hundred 
and tweiny acres in Coles county. He has 
been t\venty-fi\-e years a Mason and a member 
of the .\rcola lotlge and chapter, and is also 
an Odd Fellow. He is well known and popu- 
lar with all classes of people and is one of the 
stanch Democrats of the countv. 


r)Cnjamin W. Gere, a talented young law- 
yer of Areola, with Ijrilliant prospects in the 
legal profession, was admitted to practice in 
the courts (if Illinois in I'ebruary, 1897, after 

having read law in tlie ofiice of Barrick & 
Cofer, of Areola. 

Mr. Gere was born January 23, 187 1, at 
Bourbon, and is a son of Warren B. and Jen- 
nie (Thompson) (iere. His father has been 
engaged in the grain business all his Hfe and 
is one of Areola's highly respected citizens. 

Mr. Gere, in i)artnership with Mr. .\lbert 
Snvder, act as agents for fifteen of the leading: 

fire insurance companies of the country. He 
has served Areola, most efficiently as city at- 
torney. In the recent race for county attor- 
ney Mr. (icre was a candidate and had many 
friends throughout the county, but the con- 
ditions \vere such that would force the nonn- 
nation of Mr. Chadwick, so Mr. Gere with- 
diew: hy doing so it will no doubt increase 
ins chances four years hence. He owns prob- 
al)ly the second largest law library in the 
county, and is rapidly forging to the front in 
his profession. In political o]iinion he is a 
stanch Republican and takes an active interest 
in bis p.arty's success. 


TQTTY \ PFFnFP Tr which is a ])art of ihe nld hnnicstead, and de- 
servedly ranks as one of tlie repulahle citizens 

John A. Reeder. Jr.. wlio is one of tlie lead- c'f the county. 

ii.g farmers in Bourbon township, was horn in 

Darke county, (^hio. Octolier 3. JS54. and is a 

son of John A. and Mary B. ( Harter ) Reeder, D-\NIEL W RFED 

natives of the same county in Ohio. John .\. 

Reeder remo\-ed to Douglas county and located Daniel W. Reed, the popular and acconinio- 

wherehisson John A. now resides. .After com- liatint;' deputy countv clerk, was Imrn in Tus- 

in.^' to the county he rented for eii^ht years and cola. March 1 1. 1864. He is a son of John T. 

then purchased two Iiundred and fifty acres of and Annie (Walters) Reed, who were nati\-es 

land and later became one of the inlluential citi- of Pennsylvania. John T. Reed was i-earcd !.■ 

zens of Bourbon townshi]). His death occurred manhood in PennsyKania. where he learned tlu' 

\v iS(;j ni tlie se\ euty-se\entli year of his a.i;e. tailor's trade, at which he wurkeil in his \-ouny'- 

He was also a very successful trader in both cr da_\s. and in oSOj came to Illinois and set- 

n-al estate and buying and selling li\e stock. tied on .1 farm in Tuscola township. 

{ b'or further facts <d" the family see sketch of Daniel W. Reed grew to maturity on tlie 

brotlier at (larrett. ) farm ;iud was engaged in school teaching foi- 

John A. Reeder was united in mai'riage to se\en years, haxing been princi]),ill\- educated 
.Miss .Mary A. Corbett in 1 NS 1 . .Slie is a at the l):ui\ille. Indian.a. Normal .School, b'or 
daughter of Michael Corbett. of .\rtbur, who two years Mr. \\LX-i\ ser\ed efiicientlv and ac- 
was born in Ireland in iXjj. emigrated to this ceptably to the citizens of Tuscola on the citv 
couiUry in 1X4(1 and was for fixe years em- police force. in 1 NS7 he was united in mar- 
ployed on .Mississii)])i river steamboats, after riage to Miss Alice Price, .and to their mar- 
which he located in S.angamou comity ami ]iur- riage ha\e been born two lovrK clnldreii : 1 ,n- 
chaseil fifty acres of l.aud. ]>aying ten dollars cile and Louise. Mr. Reed is a member of the 
per ;icre. .\fter working ;md im]iro\ing it for .Masoinc fr;iternit\- ,iud aPo of the Woodmen, 
two years he sold it for fifty dol];irs per ;icre. In pnhticd opinion In- Ims ,dw,i\s been ;i con- 
lie then came fi d )oug]as county, where he pur- sistent Republican ,aii<l ;m effecliNc worker in 
chased laud for nine doll.irs |>er ;Hre, ]iart ni ti,,. r.niks "\ his |),irt\-. .\s an officer he is al- 
w.hicl: be afterward sold for one luindred .and niosi um\ersally liked by the people throughout 
twenty li\'e dollars ])er .acre, in iS3,S he mar- houglas coiuitv. 
ried Miss b'.lizabeth N'ork, of .S.ang.anion comi- 
ty. Mr. Corbett is living a retired life ;it .\r- 
thur. ROBERT F. MiLLIC.X.V. 

To Mr. .ami Mrs. Reeder have been born 

five children: Harry, aged si.xteen years: Robert E. Milligau, the accommodating 

Bertha, fifteen: George, thirteen: iM-ed. eleven, and gentleiuanly liveryman of Tuscola, who 

anil Katie. He owtis ninety acres of laml, succeeded Dr. Ramsey to his business in 1897, 



was l)(irn in Lawrence county, Illinois. Novem- 
ber 24. 1856. He was reared to nianhoiMl on 
a farm in his native county and is a son of 

David Milligan. wlm was alscj Imrn in Law- 
rence county and wlm was a son of Jnhn Mil- 
lisan will I emigrated from Scntland in the 
earl\ ilavs and later hecaine an early settler in 
l,awrence county. Rcliei't I''.. Milli,i;uu's 
niiither. i'dvir.i (IrdUt. was a daut;hter k\ Nay- 
ham ( inml. a nali\e nf X'erniniu. 

Kdhert I',. Milli.L;an. like maii\ nihcr suc- 
cessful men. ha- made hi-^ ' >\\ n way llir(iUL;h 
jil'e unaided. His rule nf life has e\er heen 
one of strict inlej^rity. and \\liate\er he does 
he does well. In maiuier he is i)leasant and 
yenial, easilv making- frieuils and holding 

In 1879 our subject was united in marriage 
to Mis.s Mary Butler, of Lawrence c<iuiUy. Illi- 
nois. They have one child, a daughter, (ier- 
trude. ;\Ir. Alilligan and wife are consistent 
member-s of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

JAMES A. RlCini AX. 

Jaiues .\. Richman is one of the best known 
farmers in Douglas county, and owns one of 
the finest and best improved farms and most 
beautiful homes in the county. His farm is 
situated in the northern part of Camargo 
township, and his residence is three-quarters 
of a mile west of Villa (h-ove. 

Mr. Richman was born near Camargo, Bli- 
uois, Se])tember 1,:;. 1844, and is the third son 
(jf David Richman. He grew to manhood on 
his father's farm near Camargo. and in 18^4 
\olunteered in the Civil war and was a mem- 
ber of Company (i. One Hundred and Thirty- 
fifth Regiment. In 1865 Mr. Richman was 
mustered out of the service and returned to his 
former home, and in Noveiuber of the same 
year was married to Miss Sarah Williams, who 
is a daughter of John Williams, a native of 
Kentucky. The latter was a yolunteer in the 

I nion .arniv. and died while in the service in 
18(12. To Mr. and Mrs. Richman have been 
born six children, five of whom are living; 


Franklin and Charlie, both eng-agecl in farm- Illinois, they settled on the head of the T>ittle 

ing': Hattie. wife of Dr. Gilniure, of \'illa X'erniilion ri\er. Ilere tliev lixed on rented 

Gro\'e : Gnv. a lelegraph operator in Tnseola. land. ;ind raised two erops. In eonipany uilli 

and J'lhn. at home. An infanl dangiUer died one Moses llrailshow, ,Mr. Richman's father 

in J.anuary, 1875. \isited the Enih.arr.ass timber on a bee hnnl. 

In 1869 Mr. kiehman bought one hnndred In eight or ten (l;i\'s the\' got three or four bar- 
and sixty acres of land u])on which the home- rels of honev. Mr. Kiehman was so well 
stead nc)w stands, and in .\pril ol the same pleased with the land in the neighhi irlK" "1 of 
year he mo\ed upon it. I'.y hard labur and where the\' encamped tliat he resoKed to i-e- 
shrewd management Mr. Kiehman was enabled ninxe to that conntr\- and lake up some of the 
\v<>u\ time to time to bu\- mi ire land, and now wild land there. Tin' famil\- left N'ermilion 
he has ei|ui])ped one ol tlie largest and best counts' in Mav fnllnwing and settled on the 
stock farms in the county, he having devnted k'nibarrass timber one-half mile west of Cam- 
much of his lime tu the raising of cattle and argo. There was n^l ani>ther famih' of 
hogs. Mr. and .Mrs. Kiehman are members whites li\ing in the jiresent limits 1 >f tlu' count\' 
of the M. v.. church at X'illa ( iroNC, and are .at the lime. Thei'e were no settlers north of 
always anmng the lirst to gi\e fur the aid of t_'harleston. I'"or a \'ear they rem.aineil the 
the poor and needy. Mr. has .always only famiU' in the connt\'. In abiml i-ighti'i'n 
been ,a strong suiipurter mI the 1 )t'inocr;itic mouths .after their ;n"ri\;d the\' h;id a neighliDr 
party. in .Mdss. wlm settled almnt ;i mile I'.ast 

jame^ .\. Kiehman i^ :i nu'inber iit the nld of the ]>resent tnwu nf Cam.argn. The In 

and pi'dminenl Kiclim.iii l.innlx' which enjuvs diaus were in the neighbnrhdod for.abnut thiee 

the distinctiiiu ol bemg the ohlest settled \'ears alter their ;na'i\;d. I '.ridge])ort nciw oc- 

family in the cntint\-. his grandfather, John cupies the site of their old \illage. The_\' 

.\. Kii'hman. h.axing been the nldest resident came in the f;dl and rem.ained o\er winti'r. 

in the coimly at the time of his death. lie and in the spring jdinairxi'd further nnrtli, 

liicated here oxer three-(|uarters nl a century wherr tluw s]ient tlu' >ummer. The lir^t siim- 

;ign, i1k- lirst jiermanent while settler in tlie uier the Kichm.ans li\e<l in a rough cam]) built 

di^tiict uiiw embraced in l).>ugi,as eonnty. of logs split in twn. They commenced f.arm 

The Kichm.ans are nf l'" ;uid ( ing by trying to bi'e.ak the pr.airie. but fnuud 

descent. l)a\id Imi-u in (ireen- their teams too weak f(jr tliis. ;md si > began 

iM'ier cnunt)-. West X'ii'gini.a. ( )etiibcr _'5, i8iC>. wm-k in the timber. Tlu'\' kt']it ;il work", clear 

When in his eleventh year his f.amily left \'ir- ing, breaking ;mil pl.inling. till llu' lotli of 

ginia. JmIiu .\. Kiehman. his fatlu'i-, a jnly. when iht-y snt-ceeiK^d in ]>ntting fourti'cn 

Large f.amily i>f children .and w.antt'd mure land, .acres in with I'oru. The\' then work ,at 

heuci' his i-emo\al Irom \'irgini,a to llliuuis. building a house. The lu^s were hewn out. 

'1 1r' cattle, sheeii ,and Imrses cnuld nut be sold ruid ]),irl 1 lu the ground, when se\er<al mem 

at liouu". ,anil si 1 were dri\cn to their western lier> of tlu- f;uuil\- were t.akeii dowu with the 

de^linatinu. .\rri\nig in \'ermili(in ciiunt\-, ague, se\en out of fle\en, and for several 



months were able to dn ndlhing whatever. 
Their house was nol \)u[ up in consequence 
till the succeeding summer. This house may 
still he seen in a good state of preservation, 
just north of the railroad and half a mile west 
of Camargo. For many years the family en- 
dured the hardships and inconveniences of pio- 
neer life. Their pork was sold for (me dollar 
and a half to two dollars a hundred, but they 
saved a little money even at these prices and in- 
vested it in land, till finally the amount reached 
seven hundred acres. 

At the age of twenty-three David Rich- 
man was married to Ruth Haines, a native of 
Ohio. To them were born seven children : 
John, George, James, Samuel, William, Tay- 
lor and David, of whom John, George and 
David are deceased. Mr. Richman's life was 
full of hardships and exposure. In 1S32 he 
contracted a severe ci>ld, which settled upon 
his lungs and soon resulted in his death. 


First Lieutenant 01i\er T. Hunt (known 
as Captain), a retired farmer of Tu.scola, Illi- 
nois, and a well knnwn and highly respected 
citizen of the county, is a n;itive of Randolph 
county, Indiana, and was born within eight 
miles to Winchester, the county seat, June 13, 
1832. He is a son of Miles Hunt, who mar- 
ried Mary L. Botkin ; they were natives re- 
.spectively of Fleming county, Kentucky, and 
Knox county, Tennessee. Bazil Hunt (grand- 
father) was l)orn in England. Fnur brothers 
(if the IlunI famil\- I'aine from luigland in 

alxnit the year 1779 or 1780. One was killed 
in the Revolutionary war; one settled in Mary- 
land: (ine in Virginia, and Bazil, the grand- 
father of the subject, settled in Fleming coun- 
ty, Kentucky, and moved in an early day to 
Indiana, where he died, leaving a family and 
widow. Miles Hunt, his youngest son. laid 
out and platted the village of Huntsville, ex- 
pecting at some future time it would become 
the county seat. His family were eleven in 
number, seven l)oys and four girls. .Ml the 

children married when of age and settled as 
follows : Three of the girls, Malinda Keever, 
Rachel Stevenson and Caroline Okerson, were 
all married in Randnlph county, Indiana, and 
moved to Nodaway county, Missouri, with 
their husbands. Also John C. Hunt, who 
married Emma Lane in .\tchison county, Mis- 
souri, and is an attorney of no mean standing 
in Rockport, the county seat of .\tchison coun- 
Iv. William Tipton Hunt was married on the 
same date as was our subject, to Celestine 
P.auni, daughler of Charles liaum, of V'crmil- 


ion c()nnt\-. llliiK^is. He died at Oklalioma scliolai"s and send 1)ut one ov two in ordtT \ > 

City while a juryman of the United States secure a teaclier. (^ften men with no chil(h\ii 

court in the Indian Territory, April 15. i8qi. to send to school wduld pay the tuition of a 

His wife returned to \'erniilion county, lUi- tn induce sunic one whu Cduld read 

nois, and died July 3, 1893, and write to teach. The old 

Miles Hunt, the father, departed this life spcllin;^ hook was the text l)ook, with smuc 

in Logan countv at the home of his youngest reading in it, with the stories of "the's ox 

son, .\louzo, in Oklahoma Territory, on De- th;it h;id hccn gore<I hy his neighbor's" and the 

cemhcr 14, i8(>3. James D. Hunt, his scir,, now "hoy in the .apple tree." The prim.ary class 

resitles in Oklahoma county, that Territory, constituted the A JJ C divisions (with the al- 

Miles Hunt's wife died April 10, 1895, in Lo- phabet torn from the spelling book and pasted 

gan county, Indian Territory, and is at rest on a paddle to protect and preserve it ). When 

by the side of her husliand. I'ezelleel and (»uc had mastered the old clemcnt.ary si)clling 

Henry C. Hunt bi^th enlisted in the Sixty- book, grammar and arithmetic, writing ;md 

ninth Indiana Regiment in 1862. Henry C. geography were studies the parents could 

was wounded at the battle of Richmond. Ken- choose from, any or all of them. The old En- 

tucky, and Bezelleel. remaining with him, was glish reader was indispeusible, .and all who 

taken prisoner, but was paroled. ISoth were h;id thurdughly m;istered the s|)clliug bonk 

afterward married, but first studied medicine must read in it. which was not suitable to the 

and became M. IX's. Henry lives in Mont- contlitiou of the children. As well h;id them 

jjclier, Blackford county, Indiana, and has a enter the Latin class of to-dav. as there was 

lucrati\e ])ractice. Bezelleel dieil in Douglas imt half of the words the children knew the 

coiuity, Illinois, in August. i8r)9, leaving a meaning of, while the f.icilities of to-d,iv are 

widow, whose maiden name was P.ranham. much improved as the child climbs step by 

Sarah J. married Leander McMillen. of I'enn- step and is expected to master every study. 

syKania. who was also a physician. He died ^'et we .are jiaincd to see the gr.aduale who. 

leaving one son, I'.euuett H. The widow- after- ])arrot-like, can only re])e,-il wli;il he h;is thor- 

ward married a man of Vermilion county, 11- oughly committed — "I 'oily her break- 

linois, Benjamin Dickson by name. There fast." The greatest trouble, wc think, espe- 

were .seven of Miles Hunt's children who cially in the common schools, is with the leach- 

t.augbt school, viz.: O. P., William T., ers. .\ child recites well when it recites by 

lleury C, B. T.. J. C., .\. L. an<l .S;u-,ah Jane, role or h;is committed the langti.age of the 

(.Sec new history of Indi.ana by the lion. W. author. This is no lest, onlv of memory; it 

H. luiglish.) does n(.t show tb;it the student any thought 

Oiu- subject. ( ). T. Hunt, received ;i com- of his own. or he un<lerst,ands the recita- 

niou-scbool education, inilike the common tiou he recites. I lence. while life .at best is 

^cbools of the ])resent day, as in his early boy- short, the main object should be in leaching 

htiod schools were secured by subscription, anything to stimnl;ite .and dr;iw out of ihe 

His lather would pay the tuition of live child all the reasoning powers, .and you have 



laid a foundation tliat is everlasting when the 
child has learned that the first and "Teat step 
in an education is for one to think fm- himself. 
Now as to the sul)iect. O. T. Hunt's 
mother was a daughter of Hugh M. Botkin, 
of Scotch descent, a native of Tennessee, who 
settled near Winchester. Indiana, in an early 
day, with his familw where many of his de- 
scendants are nnw living. William Botkin, 
one of his sons, owns and lives on the farm father first settled cm in Indiana. When 
O. T. Hunt arri\cd at manhdnd he taught his 
first schiiol in lluntsxilte. Kandnlph county, 
his own l)r(ithers and sisters attending the 
school, and he says they ga\'e him more 
trouhle than all the rest nf the scholars, and 
if it had not lieen fur his father he exjiccts he 
would ha\c had In gi\e up the schndl; liut be- 
tween them they settled down to Inisiness. He 
commenced the study of law when only twenty 
years did. read Blackstone's Ci>nimentaries, 
and in 1S53 he hmight Kent's Commentaries, 
I'arsnn cm Contracts, (u'eenleaf on Evidence 
and Cciuld's ric'iding. In 1856 he went to 
V'crniihciu ccmntv, lllinciis, and taught schocil, 
studied at his spare times his text-hooks, and 
taught school in State over two years. 
He returned to Randolph county in 185S and 
on motion of Judge Jeremiah Smith he was 
admitted to the ivandolph county liar to ]irac- 
tice law. He then went hack to Illinois and 
married I'diz.a J. McDowell on Septemher 1, 
iS^t). and returned to Randolph county. In- 
diana, where he and his wife hoth taught a 
winter term of school. In the spring they went 
to Illinois, where he rented a farm near Indian- 
ola, in \'ermilion county, rmd in iS6j, when 
i.incoln revoked the order of ( icns. I lunter and 
h'reniont, saving he did not ha\e the constitu- 

tional right to free the slaves of the south. Hunt 
concluded to raise a company. He called two 
or three meetings and secured quite a num!)cr 
of names near ludianola, in Vermilion county, 
Illinois, and went to Danville and reported to 
Covernor Yates. At this time George W. 
Cook, of Catlin, Illinois, learning of the mat- 
ter, went to see Hunt, as he had quite a num- 
ber of men enlisted, and they consolidated and 
were made Company K, of the One Hundred 
and Twenty-fifth Regiment of Illinois \''ol- 
unteers. Cook was made captain of the com- 
])any, O. T. Hunt, first lieutenant, and Frank- 
lin Crosby, second lieutenant, and O.T.Harmon, 
colonel of the regiment. The latter lost his 
life at the charge of Kenesaw Mountain, after 
which Hunt comm;mded the company ( hence 
the appellation '"Captain"), and the Captain 
[dayed major. The regiment was mustered 
in at Dan\-ille. Illinois, on the 3d day of Sep- 
lemhcr, iS^ij, and ser\ed during the war. The 
regiment went with Sherman to the sea (Sa- 
\annah, Georgia), thence to Richmond, and 
tlie muster-out rolls were made out at Wash- 
ington City, D. C. They were dated June i). 
18^)5, hut were not cleli\ered to the men until the 
latter part of Jiuic. when the regiment was paid 
off at Chicago and disbanded. Hunt bought 
a I'eter Schutler lumber wagon in Chicago 
and returned to his fannl\- in X'ernnlion county. 
His wife, a daughter ccf John P.. McDowell. 
,'1 native c)f Kentucky, inherited of her grand- 
father, Haxid \'arnell. one hundred acres of 
land in Douglas county. Illinois, and Hunt 
improNcd the same, .and through their econ- 
cini\' and industry added thereto tiu'ce hun- 
dred and fifteen acres of land, making a total 
of foiu' hundred and fifteen acres of land in 
Douglas count)', .\fter (Oklahoma Territory 



was (ipened up \w went to that CDuntrv and 
1j( night two claims of George Cirant ami his 
I)i"(>tlier. i>r (ine half-section, within lew nr 
twcKe miles of Oklahoma City. I!ut he 
claims his eiuinmments and the war sjtoiled 
a good lawyer. He was commander of the 
McCowan Post, of Camargo, Grand .\rmy of 
the Republic. That order growing weak, he 
surrendered the charier and ji lined the I'rank 
Kced Post, of Tuscola, ami is also or has heen 
a member of the (irange. liiU he is opposed 
to secret political organization, as he says the 
Knownothing party of 185J-1X54 killed the 
old W liig parly, and any party that will not 
bear tlie light ol day and free discussion is 
dangerous to a tree and independent go\ern- 
ment. lie is a Stephen A. Douglas Demo- 
crat, as are the rest of his father's family, 
while all his near relati\es are Republicans, oi" 
l;a\e been, lie takes a lixelv interest in ]) )li- 
tics and the success of his party, making tiie 
race twice for states attorney and once for 
county judge with ci'edit to himself. 

a nati\'e of New Jersey, horn September i*".', 
ij<>4. and fought under .Andrew bick^on at 
the battle of New -.'-leans. His w i f-, .Abi- 
gail, was born .Nugusl 2S, \/(>J. johr Rose. 
his maternal grandfather, was an early settler 
near Clarksx'ille, (ireene county. PennsvKania. 
and owned a distillery, and in the words of 
Mr. Ileaton was a great inventor, ;is be could 
draw live kinds of liipior out of the s.ame bar- 
rel, and neither he nor any of his sons were 
e\er known to be drunk either. lie and his 
live sons were .also op])oseil to drinking; in 
that early day there were no orgau''on 
known as the Pi'ohibition partw biU princi- 
p.illy Democrats and Whigs. llea- 

W 11.1.1 \.\1 llb;.\r()N. 

William Heatou is one of the old lanl- 
mai'ks ot the county. l"or o\er half a centur\- 

be been an active .and successful man of loiTs f.ilber grew tpiite wealthy for that d.iv, 

allairs, .and ,at the age of eighty-three is still biu lost it bv goiug ou other i)eoplc"s bonds, 

attending to business. ! le was born in dreene lie renio\ed to .\'cw Washington, ( )h,io, 

county, Pennsylvani.a, July J4, 1X17, and is a where he died. His mother died in (irecne 

son of Sanniel and .M.arg.aret ( l\ost ) I le.aton, county. 

wlui were also born in (u'eene county. I'enn- Willi.un Heatou received a moderate a\i\- 

sylvania. His grandfather, John Rose, and cation in bis younger days ;md worked hard 

President McKinley's grandmother were on the f.ann. In iX_:;S he married Mary 

cousins. Willi-.n,i Heatou ( grand fathei ) was Hedge, a daughter of Jacob Heilge. of Greene 



county. Jacol) Hedge was a good citizen, a 
good farmer, but never liad opportunities to 
sit in the state Legislature. WilHam Heaton's 
wife died in 1886. To tiiem were born seven 
children. His second and present wife is a 
most agreeable companion for him in his old 
age. She is a cousin of his first wife. Mr. 
Heaton has been a very successful trader and 
has probal)ly bought and sold more land than 
any man in the county. For several years he 
kept a land office at Des Moines, Iowa, and 
paid twelve thousand dollars out of his own 
pocket towanl the removal of the state capital 
from Iowa City to Des Moines. He laid the 
foundation for the Adair County Bank at 
Greenfield. Iowa, which is now owned and 
managed by his son, D. D. Heaton. He is 
now passing the sunset of life near the Pleas- 
ant Ridge church, in North Newman town- 
ship, where he still enjoys life, and appreciates 
a good story as well as he ever did. While 
in Iowa he was a political disciple of James B. 
Weaver and E. H. Gelette, serving as delegate 
to conventions and in other ways adding 
strength to the cause. He hopes to live to vote 
for William I. Drvan this fall. In the neisrh- 
borhood in which he resides he is something 
of a political freak, as nearly everybody around 
him believes most devotedly in an honest dol- 
lar and tlie constitution. 


Stroder McNeal Long, who was the sec- 
ond ])resident of the Bank of Newman, Illi- 
nois, was born in Fayette county, Ohio, Oc- 

tober 6, 1840, emigrated with his parents to 
the state of Illinois in 1848 and located on a 
farm nine miles north of Paris, in Edgar 
county. He is a son of .Vndrew and Margaret 
(Mark) Long, who were natives of Ohio. He 
worked on his father's farm in the summer 
and attended school in the winter until i860, 
when he commenced an academic course at 
Paris, Illinois. In the year following the Civil 
war broke oitt, and he enlisted in Company 
E, Twelfth Illinois Infantrv. After three 

months' service, on account of a severe spell 
of sickness, he was honorably discharged and 
returned home. He engaged in farming and 
school teaching until the spring of 1867, wlien 
he moved to Douglas county, where he pur- 
chased eighty acres of land on South Prairie, 
three miles south of Newman. He remained 
here until 1880, making farming and stuck 
raising a specialty. He represented Sargent 
two terms on the comity board oi supervisors, 
1878-79. In 1884 he was elected a member 
of the Thirty-fourth General Assembly of the 



slate by a large majority in titc district. His 
fidelity to party as well as to the peojjle's in- 
terest, his sterling integrity and rectitude of 
purpose, won for him the appointment hy the 
Republican caucas a member of the advisory 
committee that directed the party t)n all polit- 
ical questions. He was a memlier of the com- 
mittees on etlucation, farm drainage, house 
contingent expense, state and nnniicipal in- 
debtedness and canals and rivers. When he 
retired from the house of representatives at 
the close of the session he had made a host of 
friends and few enemies. In 1S9S he was 
again nominated by his party of the fortieth 
senatorial district, but his death occurred be- 
fore the election. In the spring of 1888 he 
succeeded I. 'N. Covert as presitlent of the 
Newman Bank, which position he held most 
acceptably to all parties concerned up to 1898, 
the time of his death. He was one of the pro- 
moters of the organization of the New-man 
lUiilding & Loan Associaticm, and was one of 
its prominent and rubng tlirectors. He was a charter member of Templestone lodge. 
No. 76, Knights of Pythias, and an enthusi- 
astic worker in that order. Mr. Long was a 
shrewd business man. straightforward, up- 
right and cap.'ible. Uni'ing the World's I'"air 
he was ;i member of the board of congress 
trom Illinois. 

ill 1 87 J our subject married .Mary E. 
I'ound. of .\ewinau, Illinois. She is a daugh- 
lei" of John .M. and Rosalinda (Kester) 
I'ound, the lormer burn in Clark county. In- 
diana, and the latter in Shelby county, Ken- 
tucky. To Mr. and .Mrs. Long were born fi\-e 
chiklren: Mabel M., wife of lleury .\. Wine, 
ol Indiauajiolis, Indiana; I'otter I'., married 
and residing on his farm south uf Newman; 

Caruet A., wife of William McGee, of Mat- 
todu, Illinois; Cecile 1\. and I'^ay K. reside 
with their mother. Mrs. Long and children 
own se\en hundred acres of Land, one bnudred 
and twenty acres of which lies in coun- 
ty, also other valuable city property. She has 
recently completed one of the mi_)st imposing 
and beautiful resideuces in Newman. 


Joseph S. Williamson, one of the leading 
farmers and most favoraljly known citizens 
01 Douglas county, was bom .-\ugust 22, 1840, 
r.ear Muncie, Indiana. He is a son of Peter 

Williamson ;uid Ivosana, his wife. His father 
was born in Portsmouth. Ohio, and his mother 
ir. ( iermany. His paternal grandfather, 
Joseph \\ illianison, was a native of New Jer- 



sey. and liis maternal grandfather. J"liii 
Adams Sliaffer. came fmm Cermany. 

Josepli S. Williamson was reared and edu- 
cated in Muiicie. In early life he taught 
school during the winters and worked upon the 
farm in crop time, after which he spent three 
years with a New >'ork dry-gcuxls hrm. In 
i(Sr)5 he came to this state and located in Tus- 
cola, where he was successfully engaged in the 
mercantile liusincss in partnership with the late 
C. W. Calvert for six years. In 1870 he re- 
turned to In(Hana and located at Mount Sum- 
mit, where he was engaged in mercantile l:)usi- 
ness. In 1876 he retm'ued to Douglas county. 
where he has hcen engaged in agriculture and 
stock raising on the present farm, containing 
one hundred and sixty acres, and which is one 
of the hest im[iro\ed farms in the county. He 
has been twice married. His fu'st wife, Miss 
Rebecca Ice, who died in 1875, was a daugh- 
ter of Colonel Jesse Ice, of the war of 1812, 
and .*>arali Ice. whose maiden name was Hick- 
man. There were horn to their marriage five 
children. The lixing ,ire : Jesse Peter, Fran- 
cis Eugene and Joseiih Aha. Deceased: 
James and .Arulrew. His second wife. Miss 
I'rances l\. L. Kiusev. is a daughlei" of the late 
Joseph i\inse\' and losin.a. liis wife, who was 
■also a ihiughter of the ;ilio\e L\<\. Jesse Ice. 

To then' marriage were horn six children. 

i lie hving are; Pearl .M;i\'. Harry K.. 
h;arle W'., P. and .Mira Marie. De- 
ceased, ( ici >rge P. 

Mr. Williamson, while a resident of Tus- 
cola, was identified with the board of educa- 
tion, a member of the bo.-ird of aldermen, and, 
though never an oflice seeker, has filled many 
other ])ositions of honor and trust. In all 
these public capacities he has been faithful, and 

by his careful study of the political principles 
of our cfmntry and his deep interest in educa- 
tion has proved his devotion and interest in 
the comiuon welfare of the jjcople. For some 
tune his health has not been good and the past 
winter he and Mrs. Williaiuson spent in 
Florida in search of health. Socially Mr. 
Williamson is agreeaiile and comi)aniouable 
and has many friends who appreciate his worth 
as a neighbor and Christian gentleman. 


Caleb Carrett. sou of Isam and Mary 
( I'uckett ) ( iarrett. was liorn in Clinton county, 
Ohio, on the (ith of July, 181 T). In i8r() the 
lamily mo\ed to Randolph couiUw Indiana, 
and, in 1823, t(j \'igo count}', in the same state, 

where thev remained until the final removal 
to Illinois. Whilst in the former state, the 
residence of the family was generally on the 


Fort Harrison prairie and abimt four miles partly ti> ltHii< ii]) a lucatiim for a futnre Imme. 

soiitli of Tcrre 1 laute. Caleb was alxmt seven 'I'lie trip l)eg'an at Terre Haute. 1>\- lialilwin's 

vears old ulieii tlie family ix'siiled near the store, in Eds^ar county. Sadorus (u"o\e, and 

l.-itter place. He was educated at a suhscrip- into .Spriny field, lieardstown and (Juincy. tlien 

lion school: his father heins;- a man of ednca- a wild, sparcely settled country. Mr. (larrett 

lion, he progressed under home instruction and returned to Teri'e I laute hy way ol Meredosia, 

learned rapidly. In 1S30 his mother died in on the Illinois ri\er, to Sprint;1leld and Decatiu'. 

N'ii^o countw Indiana, and for sexeral years iMom iS^:;^ to iS,V>. pursuing;- his n;itin-al heiil 

thereafter .Mr. Uam (larrett and h:s two sons. foi- exploi'atioii .-uid adventure, he lollowed llat- 

C.alehand .Xatlian, kept house for themselyes. hoatiny down the Wabash, the ( )hio and the 

In these d;i\s Caleh dro\e an o\ team for I.. Mississippi to Xew ( )rleans. The boats, made 

I I. Scott ; he worked in the corn held fortwen- ;;enerally by the owner, were from ei.i;hly to 

t\'-li\e cents a daw and made fence rail> at from one lumdied and twenty ieet Ioul;. .and wci'e 

twenty to thirty cents ])er hundred, aseras;"- laden to the .gunwale with corn, jiork ami other 

iuL; one hundred and lift}- for ;i d.iy's work. produce. In I S4(i Ir- started from Terre I laute 

lie went into the jirintim; bu^ines^ at the ofhce bound Im Xew ( )i'leans per steamer, and upon 

i'\ the Western l\e.L;ister in Terre I laute under reachin.i; the W ;ibash ra]iids tluy were mm upon 

Judye .\mei-y Kiiniey ;md John W. ( )sborn, the rocks by a <!runken pilot. ( i.irretl :md two 

the propi'ielors of the ol'lice. i\lr. (larrett re- others Ihied a sl-;ilT. ami. crossing; the vlwv to 

turned to I'.irmiuL; for awhile. ;md also worked Ml. t .'uanel. Illinois, they chartered a h.ick and 

as a carpentei- and builder under 1 )r. ddiomas repaired to hX ans\ille. ;it which iioint they took 

Parsons, and ha\ ini; liu;ill\- resoKed to think the l.iri^e river steamer Louisiana with two 

.and act for himself he returned to his faxorite com]>;uuons, one hound tor the mouth ol the 

pursuits, farming;- ami .stock-raisiuL;, nuakiui;' ( umbeiland, the other lor the Teiniessee. 

success in them the object iif his future life. Alter ;i tediou> \oy;iL;e he arrived at .Xew ( )i' 

lie was for several )'cars a tenant of Channcev leans, took a steamship and pas>ed out to the 

Rose, the well-known millionaire, for whom at .^ull. ;ind alter a \er) st(jrm_\- passage arrived 

the outset he wciTcd at the ordinary (jccupa- satelv .il ( i.aK cston. lie went tlienct' to lions- 

tion of a faian hand. duiiuL; w hich time he made ton. ;md there f.iilini:; to ,i;ct a conveyance, 

thousands id" rails at the then very small'ted on foot lhroUL;h lie arrived 

Compensation ; and hei'e be.L;an between the two at a house where he was ollered and accepted 

men a warm i)ersonal rei;.ard. which was ouiv the use ol a pouy. The next da_\' he was ])re- 

terminated by the de.alh of Mr. Rose. In iS^:;^:;, sented vvilh ;i lun'se by a I )r. Ileard. and pro- 

in the ci puipanv of ( leoi-j^e Jordan, the f.ather of ceedint; ;-;ot into the v icinity ol hostile Indians. 

1. L. Jordan, of Tuscola, and of Levi Westfall. lie became for the nonce a Texas rans^er. in 

an uncle of R. i".. I I. West fall, of ( l.arrett town- which capacity he ex]ierienced 

ship, anil also with a Keuluckv friend, Mr. li^hlinL;- with the Indians. In d'ravis county, 

(iarrett i)assed thron:.;h thi> portion of Illinois., Mi', (iari'elt'ried Miss Irene I'nck- 

partly to indulge his love of adventure and ett, a daughter of Thomas I'uckelt. With her 



lie left Texas in an ox wagon loaded with 
pecans and dry hides. They arrived at Hous- 
ton and took a steamer to Galvestiin, and tiience 
to New Orleans, and hy the Mississippi to 
Evansville, Indiana, landing March 5, 1841 : 
they shortly after arrived in Vigo county, that 
heing the county in which his wife was born. 
Mrs. Irene Garrett has always been remarkable 
for an open-handed li1)erality toward her less 
fortunate neighbors, which dispensed generally 
from her own private means earned her the 
lilessings of the poor. In Vigo county Mr. 
Garrett returned U> farming and stock-raising, 
during which time, about 1842, he was elected 
to the Indiana state legislature, and at the 
succeeding term was re-elected. In 1845 '^^ 
made his second trip to Illinois, and in 1S46 
bought land in the west part of Tuscola town- 
ship, near the present farm of William Brian. 
He finally sold this land and located in the forks 
of the creek on section 3, township 15, range 
7. He also selected (uie Innulred and sixty 
acres of land, being lots 2 and 3 in the north- 
east (luarter of section 3, township 15, range 
y. and hewed a set of walnut logs for a home. 
In 1856 Mr. and Mrs. Garrett revisited Texas, 
including a long trip in a carriage by Price's 
Springs and Brazos brails in Cherokee county, 
wliere he examined lands; thence to Palestine 
and M.arshall, frum which place they went forty 
miles to Shreveport, Louisiana, thence by 
steamer to the mouth of Red river, and I>y a 
similar c(inve\ance to Exansville, Indiana, 
reaching hdme Nox-emlier 8, 1856, which was 
then Coles county. He then began imi)niving 
his lands with orchards, l)arns and dwellings. 
Mr. Ciarretl's lands in Ciarrett township at one 
time covered nineteen hundred acres. In 1875 
lie sold these lands and reinvested in Tuscola 

township, having concluded to settle in Tus- 
cola City. He was the first supervisor of Gar- 
rett township, which had been instituted with 
the other townshii)S in 1868, and he was also a 
member of the first grand jury in Douglas 
county. Mr. Garrett always took a deep in- 
terest in all the public affairs of Douglas 


Historv first relates of William Howe, 
grandfather of the late William Howe, as a 
native of Virginia. Whether this is correct, 
we are not able to sav. But he afterward emi- 

grated to Kentucky when it was yet a wilder- 
ness. He formed a meml)er of Daniel Boone's 
first colony and participated in the dangers 
incident to "the dark and bloody ground." His 
son, George W. Howe, was born in Kentucky 
and there maiTieil .-\ngeline Hildreth, a native 


of tliat state, Iitit (if F.ns^lisli descent also, and in had many a skirmish with tlic Indians, liis 
liourbon county, Kentucky, Wilham IIowc, Jr., father dying- by tlieir liands, and led by the same 
was born on November j^, i8ji). spirit of adventure and hardihood lie deter- 
In 1832 George Howe and family emi- mined tn try his fortunes in the new I'd Dorado. 
grated to the southeastern part of Missouri. in .March, 1850, in company with West and 
On the breaking out of the Black Hawk war others, eleven in all, he started overland f<ir 
he joined the forces sent against the Indians, California. Before starting all promised th.'it 
;nul was sujipnsed to have been killed by them unless in case of illness none should be allnwed 
near (kdcna, lllinnis, for no word caiue from to ride, and on .hU that long and rough journey 
him afterward. The mother then moved with Mr. Howe kept his place by the side of the 
her children, live in munber, back to her old oxen. The spring of 1850 was one of deep 
home in Kentuckv in 1835. Here she stayed mud and high water, so their journey was made 
for three )-ears, when she and her faniil\- moved doubly diliicult. The party passed through 
to X'ermilion coniUw Illinois, arri\;ng there on (juinc}' cuid across the state of Missouri, fol- 
the fith of April. 1838. Mr. Howe was at this lowing very nearly the same route now 
time nine vears old. He continued with his traversed by the I & .St. jo railroad. 
mother for aliuost two years, when he was in- The Missouri river in the southwest corner of 
dentured to the service of William J. West, the state of Iowa was crossed; the northern 
who resided on a farm in Sargent- township, route was taken, through the South Pass <if 
It was in the spring of 1840 when he tirst came the Rocky Mountains; north of Salt Lake; by 
to West's and he remained with him nine years, the Oregon tniil to the Soda Springs; then 
till in his twentieth vear. in the spring of 1849. over to the St. Mary"s river, down which they 
During this time his board was the only com- traxelcd to the Sink. The Sierra Xevadas wd'e 
pensation he receix'ed for his service. He was crossed liy the Carson trail, and the party ar- 
signcd to school about thirteen months, but rixed August J.~ . 1830, at Xcbber\\llc, only 
out of this he only received about nine months' losing, in accomplishing the journey, one man, 
regular schooling, and this was sc,-ittered o\er who died of <li>c'ase and whom the\- buried by 
a long period of vears so ;is to be of but little the \\.-iy. The men weiU to mining gold in this 
service. The good geuer;d educition he pos- region. Mr. How e remained nine luonlhs, dur- 
sessed was jjrincipally picked u]) bv his own ing which lime he got together a considerable 
ingenious industrv. .\fler his term of ser\ice (|u,-iiitit\- of gold dust. The Klamath excite- 
wilh Mr. West b;id exjiired he wurked a year meut then i-.-ime up .-lud he joined a party to go 
b\ the month, still Iiaxing his he;uli|uarters at to ( )regou. His expei-ience here was \ery ;id- 
W est's. At this time the excitement conse- \enturons, but tliei-e were no flattering results, 
(inent upon the <lisco\erv of gold in California In conip;in\' with Iwn others, he was robbeil b\ 
w.'is spreading o\-er the conntr\-. .Mr. Howe, as a parlv <if .Modoe Indians. He l<ist about 
we h;ue seen. Comes from an aiKenturons race twcKe hundred doll;n-s, including e\-er_\-thing 
ol men, his earlier ancestors haxing fought he h.-id, e\en to a greater part of his clothing, 
gallantly for King George, while his later ones He returned to the mines on the Yuba river 



in destitute condition, witliout clothes or 
money. Here prospects brightened, the gold 
panning out sometimes to the amount of eighty 
dollars a day. lUU he could iinl\- remain two 
weeks. High water came and Mr. Howe went 
to California, where he followed "teaming" 
from Stockton out to the mines and during his 
eighteen nmnths sdjnurn here he accumulated 
siimc UKincy. In I1S53 he decided to return to 
Illinois, and in February of the same year he 
left California, taking a vessel from San Fran- 
cisco, crossing the Isthmus of Panama, sailing 
from there to New Orleans, then up the Mis- 
sissip])i til his old home in C(_)!es county, as it 
then was. During his three years stay in Cali- 
fornia he learned the Spanish language and 
ciiuld con\erse fluently in it. 

Mr. H<.)we now turned his attention to the 
peaceful pursuit of agriculture, hoping in that 
1853, he married Harriett Anne Lester, a na- 
185^^, he married Harriett .\nne Lister, a na- 
tive of Douglas, whose ancestors, like those of 
Mr. Howe, were of English and Kentucky 
blood and birth. In December he started his 
lung and prosperous career as a farmer, and 
at the time of his death he was in the possession 
of almost eighteen hundred acres of kuul in 
the neighborhood of his residence. Hunting 
was his favorite amusement, and e\ery year he 
made a trip to Kansas, Colorado and .\rkansas, 
where he indulged in the exciting si)ort. He 
was celebrated for his skill as a marksman and 
seldom failed to liring ilowii his game. 

He was the father of eight children : James 
M., who now resides on a large farm in Ne- 
l)raska; John S., li\ing now on the old home- 
stead: Perry N., who lives, also, on part of 
his father's farm; Mary E., wife of James 
Drennen, living on an Iowa farm ; Charles R., 

residing on the first farm that Mr. Howe 
owned; Etfie A., wife of James C. Reed, a 
lawyer in Kansas City ; Leona M., wife of Will- 
iam Iiiseph. assistant manager in the firm of 
Ihadlcy Manufacturing Company; and Lora 
.A., who lives with her mother in Tuscola. 
William Howe died Jamiary J/, 1892, at his 
ciiuntry home near h'icklin. 


James Drew one of the earliest ])'cinecrs in 
the western part of Douglas county, and also 
one of the largest land owners, is a native of the 
state, ha\ing been born in Hamilton county, Il- 
linois, on the 14th of June. iSk). He came to 

the territory now embraced in Douglas county 
in 1839, and continued to reside on the place of 
his first location until his death in i8<J4. 

The Drew family, from wdiich Mr. Drew 
has his descent, formerly resitled in South Car- 


(iliiKi, wlierc Jdlin Drew, ihc fatlier of James qucnt career, lie was on the linikuul tn scnire 

Drew, was Ixmi. The maiden name (if his land for liim.self. Land eoiild he ohtaineil in that 

nintlier was Tcmpy I'armer. and she was alsn a ])art of Coles comity where Tavlnr lived, and 

resident of South Carolina. The family after- yonn,<;- Drew emhr.aced (he lirst o|)])( .rtunity of 

ward removed to Indiana, and then to Illinois, settlin<;-. He entered eightv acres of land at 

settling; in Hamilton county. Here James the government price of one dollar and twentv 

Drew was horn on the date given alioxe. When Ihe cents an acre, horrowing one hundred 

aliout four _\-ears old the family moved norlli dollars of Ta\-lor to make the pm-chase. and 

to I-^helhy cmmty. The children were nine agreeing to discharge the deht ]iartl\- in d;i\-'s 

in muuher. Ii\'e hoys and four girls, only two labor. .Mi'. Drew's present house stands on 

of whom are now dead. After the family had the land entered. His hrolher and 

li\eil in Shelhy county ahoiu e'ght years. *iien hrother-in-law each entered eight\- aca'es at 

moved to Ciiles comUy, sniuh of (/h.ariesic u. the same time, and the whole aiiionnt came 

The pr:nc;p,'d part of his education Air. Drew into the ]iossession of Mr. Drew. It the 

received in this county, lie attended a om- close df the year \X-\<) when Mr. Drew first 

mon country sclii ml. hcl<I in an . ild >]iaiUv, -vil'i came into the I'ountw .-nid the next spring he 

a tn-e-]ilace occupying nearly .all df on(.' cud. honghl hi^ land. lie ]iut up a s]ilit iMg c.iliin 

The nidsi cil the children were witlioul h.als on the premises .-md li\eil with his hnither-in- 

and went h.arefoot in winter. Mr. Drew's fa- law. .\1I the time he c><u\i\ s|i.are for impmv- 

ther was ,a laianer, .and l<ept the hoys ,at home ing the pn>perl\ hv de\M|od in p.aying olT (he 

a great deal of the time Im wurk on the farm. deht of mie hundred dollars, which was liuallv 

After a residence in ( 'oles county of si ime \e;M-s accoiuplislied in I liret- years. .\ gniid pniiK.ii 

the lauiily nnwed hack to .Sjiclhy, this time was worl<ed out Ii\ lahor, at liflv cents ;i 

maka'ng their home in the teiaitory ,1 flei'w .ai'd There wereonK' f. .in' f.imilies in the neighhor- 

emliraceil in Mi mllrie CMunty lui its fm in.ation. Imod ;ii ihe time df .Mr. Dia-w 's setllement. 

.Mr. I )|-e\\ now almul i-ighteen yeirs of age. l*"or thirty miles {i< the west, in tlu- dii-eclion 

Me st.ayed at hdme part of iw, 1 years, dui' sum- of Decatur, thiaa' was not a single hduse The 

mer gding to ( lalena, .-md Wdrking in the prairies w ta'e .'ill unoccaipied, eivcred wilh tall 

mines there. Xd niduey I'diild he djiiaineil ;U grass .and I'esiu weeds, d\ei- which rd.imed 

this peridd Pir farm l.ahdr, .and the lead mines deer .and ]ir.airie Wdl\-es. 

dlleied the diilyuppdrtunity fdi' dht.aining ready After li\ing with his hrothei' in l;iw for a 

cash. W hile employi'd here he recei\ed t went V Cduple df \a'ars. .\lrd)rew Cduclnded In "n id 

dollars :i mdutli and hd;u-d. In the yv.w iS_:;c) keeping hdUse fd|- himself, and married Am-'e- 

his f.alher tddk .a joh of m:iking r.ails for one line W'.iller, ,a n.ativc of 1 l.amilton counts-. Inn 

J.acoh Taylor, proh.ahly the lirsl settler in who ;it tlie time df the marriage lived in 

is Udw ( iarrett tdw iiship, ami j.ames agreed to Shelhy. .Mr. I )i-ew w;is then twcnlx' three .ami 

gi\e his .assistance, lie udw dlil eudugh his wife .ahdul lwenl\-. Mr. Drew earlv 

to do for himself, and with lln- s.ame foresight learnei] industrious h.ahits. and from his child- 

and husiness tact which m.arked his suhse- hood knew Ihe meaning of jiard work, l!y 



liis indnstrv and fni^^Tilily lie won success, in- 
vesting liis surplus capital in land and addin,c: 
from time to time as opportunity offered. 
Farming- was the pursuit to which he directed 
his whole energies and e\'er since his residence 
in the county he has given considerable atten- 
tion to raising and feeding stock. 

Mr. Drew's first wife thed in 1855, and he 
suhsequently married, on the 13th of October, 
1857. Miss Martha L. Baker. 


Eugene Rice. ex-meml)cr of the Legislature 
and a man of considerable iirominence through- 
out the count}', was liorn in Madison county. 

Kentucky, ]\larch 12, 1848. He is a son of 
M.nrtin Rice, who was one of the most widely 
;niil faxorably known of the early settlers of 
t'amargo, ami whose sketch with ancestry of 

the family is printed in full on another page. 
Mr. Rice came to the township with his parents 
in 1854 and resides at present on the old home- 
stead. He is extensively engagetl in farming 
and stock raising and is known as one of the 
most successful farmers in Douglas county. 
In 18S7 and 1889 he was elected to the Legis- 
lature from the district composed of Coles, 
Cumberland and Douglas counties, as a Re- 
publican. He served on several committees — 
federal relations, agriculture, penitentiaries, fish 
and game, contingent expenses, drainage, li\'e 
stock and dairy, printing and others — and dur- 
ing the extra session helped to pass the World's 
Fair bill. 

Mr. Rice has never married, and resities on 
his beautiful farm within a half hour's ride 
from the village of Camargo, where he enter- 
tains his friends and enjoys life. As a member 
of the Legislature he was conscientious and a 
hard worker in the interest especially of the 
farmer, who it has. it seems, been sadly neg- 
lected as to legislation in both state and n.ition. 

D. 0>. ROOT. 

D. O. Root, second son and third chilil of 
Levi and Polly Root, was born in nccattu' 
townshi]). Washington comity. (~)hio. Septem- 
ber J4, 1834. His father was a native of Liv- 
ingston county. New York, and was born April 
9, 1809. He came with his mother and stej)- 
father to Washington county, Ohio, soon after 
the close of the second war with the mother 
comUrv, in which war his own fathei" h.ul been 
a soldier, and died just at its close. The 



motlier of tlic subject of tliis sketch, wliose 
maiden name was Stewart, was horn ui)on the 
farm upon which now stamls tlie \-illaj;c of 
Stewart, in ,\lhcns co\uity, ( )hi(i, M.arch 7. 
1809, and lier mortal remains are slcepins;- in 
a cemetery near that villa,<;-e. u])on tlie nld Stew- 
art farm, less than one-fourth i>f a mile from 
the place where she was horn. She died in 
May, 1857. Her father, Daniel Stewart, burn 
in November, \jC',2. in T.itchlield. Gmnectictn, 
was a Sdldier in the cuntinenlal army in ihc 
wru" of the Uevolnti' in. lie came ti> ( )hio in 
1802, and died upon the farm he then settled 
u])on, in 1839, of an accident, and nut of dis- 
ease or old ;iq-e. thimqii he was in his ninetv- 

eit^hlh year. The [jarcnts of onr subject re- 
ninNcd from Washington cnnnty to .\thcns 
county, s.-ime state, when he was a mere infant, 
and settled i>n the W'v^ 1 hick buck ini;- (imw 
abbreviated into simply Ihickiug) river, just 
belciw the villa.i^e n\ Here he sjicnt 
the first twenty years of bis life, except two 

years — 1852-53 — dm-inc;- which he was a stu- 
dent in the Ohio Wesleyan I'mAersilv at Dela- 
ware. (Ihio. Failing- health caused him t<> (piil 
school before graduation. 

After arriving at snl'licient age. when n.ii 
in .school — the common and select — he was cn- 
.gaged in the ordinary farm work, in a woolen 
factory and as clerk in a cuunlry store nf geu- 
cral merchandise. At the age of twenty he left 
the parental hdine for good and struck out lor 
himself and for the west as well. He landed 
in what is innv Douglas county — then Coles — 
October 17. 1854. It may be of snme interest 
to the younger generation, at least, as shnwing 
the difference in the nicule of tr;i\el then ;m 1 
now, to state th;it the brst thirtei'ii miles ^<\ 
Mr. Root's westward journey — from the home 
he was just leaving to old .\thens — was made 
in a common road w.agoii ; from Atlieus to T^;m- 
caster, forty-fne miles, in a canal boat, towed 
by and twenty4hree consecutive hours 
were consumed in m;iking this distance, b'rom 
Lancaster to Terre Haute. Jndi;m;i, via Cin- 
ciimati and Iiulianapolis. bv rail. And. by the 
way, it was the only route Ity which it could. ;it 
that time, have lieen made by rail, b'rom 
Terre Haute to Paris, Illinois, was on a con- 
.struction train, on the old I. & St. L. U. K., its 
track having just been completed as far west as 
that iioint. b^-nm Paris to Oakland the trip 
was made in ,au old time "'h.-ick" or "st;ige 
coach." which then run from Terre HaiUe 
westward, on the old .Springfield "trace," pass- 
ing through Oakland, then locally known as 
Pinhook. During the winter of 1854-3 Mr. 
l\oot t;mghl a term of school at "Catfish 
Point." near w Iiert' the \'i]l;ige of Isabel, in 
Edgar comity, now stamls. i"or this be re- 
cei\ed the sum of t\vent)-fi\e dollars [)er 



montli, an amount considered ratlier extra- 
iir<linar}- fur tlie times. 

In the spring- of 1855 — .\pril 5 — he was 
rnilcil in marriage with Mrs. Sarali Winkler, 
the widow of Cli.''.rles V. Winkler, wlm ha<l 
hcen a prosperous farmer and an old settler on 
the lirushy Fork timber. He died in Jnne. 
iS^4, leaving, liesides his widow, two children, 
\'ashti, who became the wife of L. E. Root, a 
brother of our snliject, and who is now de- 
ceased, and Luther, who is one of Nev'm m's 
enterprising farmers and stock raisers Vd^ 
latter occupies the old farm entered and, im- 
proved by his grandfather and father, tc whicli 
he has made various and substantial additions 
and improvements. After his marriage Ivlr. 
Root settled upon this same farm and remained 
on it niuil the fall of 1873, after his election 10 
the office of county clerk. To Mv. and Mrs. 
Re Kit there were born nine children, five s_)n-. 
and fi>ur daughters: Harriet K., January 10, 
1855; lulward T., November C>, 1857; (^rnou 
L., lulv ,^, 1860; Ro.secrans, November 2, 
1862; Leula, October 9, 1864; Pitner, Novem- 
ber 26, \^()(\ and died Se])teml)er 25, 1867: 
Isabelle, January 12, 18(18; Mary, .\pril 13, 
1869; a SdU, unnamed. September j,o. I'^yj,. 
died Oetober 3, 1873. i'jlward T., (ildest son 
died December 23. 1892, unmarried, in the 
thirty-sc\-enth year of his age. Hattie V ha> 
been mistress of her father's house and, as 
nearly as it is jMissible for any but a real muther 
to be, a niiitlier to the other children e\cr since 
the death (if lier mother, in ()cti)ber. 1881, 
while the f.'unilv resideil in Tuscnla. 

In lulv. 1861, Mr. Rout entered the ser\'- 
ice I if his ctmntry, in the war of the Rebellion, 
and became a member of Company 1 1, Iwenty ■ 
b^ifth Regiment Illinois X'ohmteer Infantry, 

and served until October, 1862, when, In's 
healtli failing, he w^as discharged for disability 
I'"rom 1868 to 1873 'i^ ^^''^s ^'^"'' times elected 
the assessor of his (Newman) townshii). In 
November, 1873. he was elected to the office 
of county clerk, re-elected in 1877, and, by rea- 
son of a change in the constitution of the state, 
an extra year was added to this term, which 
expired in 1882. making in all nine years. 
Shortly after his retirement from office, and 
while on the lookout for some permanent Imsi- 
ness, he entered the store of I'. M. Friend & 
Son. of Tuscola, as a clerk, remaining until 
Febrnar}-, 1884, at which time he bought a half 
interest in the large general store of James 
Cilloglv. of Newman, forming the firm of 
Cillogly & Root. Four years thereafter L. 
E. Root, a brother of D. O. Root, l)ought Mr. 
G."s interest in the firm and it was changed to 
Root Bros. The firm is still in business, occu- 
jiving a large two-storv brick on the north s'df 
of the sipiarc. fronting on X'alcs street .Tiid 
extending north to Mathers street. w!th a rear 
entrance on same. It is the leading firm in the 
citv. Mr. l\oot is a member of the M. K. 
cluu'ch of long standing'. ha\'ng entered its 
fold in Jannarv. 1851. He is a I'^reemason 
and a Knight Templar; has also taken all the 
degrees in Odd Fellowship except the uniform 
rank, and is a memlier of the 1\. of H. ;md ol 
H. & L. of H. orders. 

The family to which Mr. I\oot belongs is 
in some res])ects remarkable. To his ])arents 
there were born twelve children, eight Imys and 
foiu" girls, of whom ele\'en are lising, one son 
ha\-ing been killed lighting for the Hag in ibe 
war of 1861-5, at I'erryville. Ky., in October, 
i8(>2. These children were all born l)et\veen 
1831 and 1852. His motlier, as has kefore 



been noted herein, died in 1857. and in 1862 
liis father remarried. From tliis union one 
son was htjrn, makint;' the family tn-day con- 
sist of tlie orig' number, eii^iit hoys and 
fotn- girls, tlie yonngest tliirty-se\en years of 
age, tlie eldest near se\enty. Six of tlic Itoys 
were in the Union army (hn-ing the l-Jehelhon. 
t:\e returning. .\h ser\ed tin'ee iuW yeru's ex- 
cept the subject of this slsclch. i"e\\ famihes 
can show sncli a record. 


Jiihn Oninn. jirixate banker, grain dealer, 
and one of the must successful x'nung ])usiness 
men of tlie count}', located in I'airl.and in 1SS4 
;is a giMin agent for the tlrm nf ll.irnelt, Kuhn 
& ComiJanv. of Terre Haute. Indiau.a. lie is 

Mr. (Juinn was born in Union county, 
Ohio. bVbruary 15, 18(13, and there he re- 
mained until he \\;is six years of age. when 
his ]i,arenls remnxed to (_"ham])aign county. 
1 le is a son of I'atrick and llridget (Juinn. who 
were natives of Ireland. His father is retired 
from acti\'e business and resides at I'hilo. Illi- 
nois. J(j|in Oninn was reared on the farm 
and received the advantages only of the ncigh- 
l)oring- schools. In 1899 he foundeil the b'air- 
land Exchange Bank, which is his own ]irivate 
in.stitution. As a business man he is known to 
be careful, safe, and possessed of sterling in- 
tegrity. In 1890 he was united in marriage to 
Miss Sarah F. Suddeth. a native of Edgar 
county ;md ;i member of ,-i Kentucky famil}'. 
'i'hey ha\e thi'ee children: Otis, Anna .and 
Cecil. Mr. (Juinn owns eighty acres of l.iinl 
northeast of Fairl.and, \'\\c miles dist.ant. Ik- 
is a ch.arler member of the Woodmen. ;md is 
also a member of the Court of Honor. 

SCOTT i',rk(;i':T 

Scott r.urgett, the proprietor of the New- ll.ank .and one of {\\c successful lin.anciers 

.and business men of Illinois, was born in 

Ihaishy b'ork. this couulw .Scptcnilu-r 11, 

185J, and is ;i son of the l.ite I. W. I'nrgett. 

whose sketch is found n]>ou .■motluT Jiagc ot 

this bodk. Muring tlu' summer mouths Scott 

r.urgcll worki'd u|ion his f.alher's f.arm rmd 

ii[ wintci' ;illen<k-d the district school. When 

still as.sociated with this lirm. banijliug in the .about se\i'nli'in ve.ars df .age he entered l.ei''s 

neighborhood of oui' hundred thousand bush Academy ;il l.ox.a. llhuois. .and .after le.a\ing 

els per year. 

that iustituli^'U went to the st.atc ,at 



Normal, Illinois, where he completed his edu- 
cation. After returning home he taught three 
terms of school in the Coffey district, in Sar- 
gent township, and much of his success as a 
teacher he claims he owes to his life-long 
friend, \^^ H. Coffey. In March. 1879. he 
entered the large dry-goods house of James 
Gillogly in Newman as bookkeeper and head 
.salesman, witli whom he remained until 1884. 
when he, with 1. N. Covert, estahlislied the 
Newman Bank. Mr. Covert retired from 

1 ^ 

■ ^1 





•. ■'^^^ 





children, five of whom are living : Jay T., 
Bessie M., Eva O., Paul H. and Charles C, 
and James is deceased. 

Scott Burgett's business ventures have been 
thoroughly successful and he has the absolute 
confidence of the entire public. He owns 
some of the fine lands in Ijoth Newman and 
Sargent townships, and his real estate hold- 
ings in Newman are large. He is treasurer 
of the Newman Builtling & Loan Association, 
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
is a Royal Arch Mason and is a member of the 
order of Knights of Pythias. At present he 
is erecting what will be the finest residence in 
Newman, costing some six or eight thousand 
dollars. Quiet and unassuming in his man- 
ners, he treats all alike, the poor man as he 
does his rich neighbors, and counts his ac- 
quaintances as his friends. In all the relations 
of life he has been true to his duty as he 
seen it, and in business and in society a well-de- 
served success has come to him as a reward 
of earnest industry antl his upright dealings 
with his fellow men. 

active business in 1888 and was succeeded to 
tlie presidency by S. M. Long, who remained 
president until his deatli. Frnm tliat time, 
August 20, 1898, to the present, it has been 
the private property of Mr. Burgctt. In the 
bank's management he is assisted by J. W. 
King and George Moore. 

Sei)tember 2, 1879, he was married to Miss 
Alice V. Hopkins, daughter of the late James 
Hopkins, who was one of the jirominent ])ii>- 
neers of Douglas ciunity. Thc}' have had six 


A. Flayward, who has been the railroad 
station and ticket agent at Camargo for twen- 
ty-three years, was born near Belfast, Ireland, 
November 23, 1849, and was reared to man- 
hood in the ncighborlu^od of Cranbniok, coun- 
ty Kent, England, where he attended the or- 
dinary school of that day. He is a son of 
P.enjamin Ilayward, who was a member and 
organist of the Church of England at Inch, 


21 I 

hear Iklfast. Ireland, lie was a fine niusi- Cusiey. They lia\e (uie (jaiii^hter. .Mary 
eiaii. i>layini^ hdtli (ir,-;aii and violin with i.;real I'.Iizahetli. wIk. is ninelecn years of a.i^e. He 
proficiency. His father died in 1S55. His i^ a nieniher i.l' the Cc.nrt ni Ih.n.n- and at 
mother, who was, before she was married, proent holds the office of chancellor. .Mr. 
Marg-aret Carr, was a native of Ciuint) Down, Ihiyward owns a pleasant liome in C.-nnari^-o, 
Ireland, and was reared ne;.r llelfaM. His besides eisfhty acres of land ni .Murdoch town- 
great-.Lj-rand lather, John lla\\\ard, w.asanex- .ship. He has been town clerk of Caniaroo 
ceediiigly wealthy man, and because his sons for six years and was .secretary of the 1 )ou-las 
were of dissolute habits he be(|ueatlied his county fair for ten years, I ie was also assist- 
ant ,!;"ener,il superintendent of tl;e st;'te fair in 
iX()7-(;X, ;iuil scr\ed as delc.'.;;ile to the Court 
I 'I Hon. ir of l)ou,L;las couul\-. which met 111 
.^])nii.-lield ill iX()i). He h;is in.ade his own 
way in the busiin.-ss world ;i;id at present 
occupies ;iii eii'.iable position 111 the affairs of 
Di uiLjlas countw 

( IIAKI.ICS.S. S.\X1)I'()RD. 

Charles .'^. .Sand ford, of Tuscola, Illinois, 
is the sou of Is.iac and r.eliud.i ( boster ) Sand- 
lord. 1 he lather w,is born ,it Ih'idyeb.untou, 
wealth to charity. an<l it is known to tu s da_\ Coui; Isl.ind. in iji^h, ,-ind luarrieil Belinda 
as the ll.ayw.ard ch.arity fund, so inrc'i ol boster, who was bom in llannltou c..iiiit\, 
which is .i;iveu out each year by the sh ol ( Jliio. in 1 70'"^. Ibc proocuitor of tin' S.aud- 
t ranbrook to the of the ]),irish. His lords 011 I ,oii!^ Island firs) settled iieai' 1 losii lu, 
ni.aternal t;randfalher, b'dward C.irr, was born .Massachusetts, in the war i()4(). ddiis branch 
in Scotland. of the fainil\- trci- h;is had numerous descciiil 

.\. H.ayw.ird came to this couiitr\- in iX-o. ants, identified with important movements at 
and after spending; three months in Syracuse an e;irly d.ay in the historv of Con.i;- Island, 
came direct to 'fnsrola. where he followed the Many of them particip.ated in the b.attle of 
li.iinter's tr;ule and rem.iiiied here si.\ years. l.oii^- Island, ,uiil some of them were minute 
He soon afterwards learned the telei^raph busi- men. Isaac SandfonI emis^r.ited to b.doar 
ness and located in Camart;-o. county. Illinois, iu 1 Sjo. He served as c;i])- 

In iSSo .lur subject wed<led to Miss tain in the I'.l.ack Ibawk war and was lat .-r 
Julia OTonnor. a step (l,an.<;iiter of .Martin commissione<l as briy.adier-yeneral of the stal; 



militia In' (iDXcnmr Ivcyiidlils in 1X33. lie 
lu'ld ili;it ])osili()n for ril'tecn years, after whieli 
time he resig'ued. (ieneral Sandfurd was a 
man nf sjreat financial aliilitv and remarkalile 

cnerg-}-. At tlie time nt his death, in 1853. he 
was (me of the weaUhiest men in Edgar county. 

Cliarles S. .Sandford's maternal grand- 
father. Luke I'oster, was one of the associate 
judges of llaniilton cmnty, Ohio, lie was 
born at l\i\erhead. Long Isl.and. The h'os- 
ttrs setttled on Long Island as early as the 
Sandfi )rds. 

C. S. Sandford grew to manhood on the 
farm: attended school at I'Ldgar .\cademv, at 
I'aris. Illinois, and afterward for a time at 
(ireencastle (Indiana) Asl)ur\' Lniversitv — 
now known as the Del'auw L'ni\ersity. in 
1855 he was married to Susan J. Judson, a 
native of C'onnecticut. ?Ier girlhood home 
was in \^icksburg, Mississippi, but her later 
education was received at Steubenville, Ohio. 
I\Irs. Sandford hails froiu a famil_\- of decided 
literary tastes, her own inclinatiiius and prac- 

tice in the se\eral comnumities where resid- 
ing being- to promote and forward intellectual 
ad\ancement. To their marriage ha\e been, 
born six children : Walter .Alexander died in 
infancy; Janet J. is the wife of Capt. Wm. T. 
Wood, wdio was graduated from West Point 
in the class of 1S77. arid at present is serx-ilig 
as treasurer at Manila, in the Philippine Is- 
lands, under Cieneral Otis. They ha\-e sons ■ 
Halsey W'., Sheridan C. and Isaac Russell. 
Sheridan C. has had an extensi\-e experience 
as a commercial traxeler. (irace Foster is the 
wife of Dr. W", K. Pur\iance. ass'stant sur 
geon in the L'nitLnl States arm\', with the rank 
ol captain, n(jw stationed at Fort Egbert, 
Alaska. Isa;ic J\.ussell, the youngest of the 
family, is partner with his father in dr\--goods 
and general merchandise at \'illa Gro\e, Illi- 

^Ir. Sandford's business career has been 
one of unusual di\-ersity. In 1S50 he made 
the oxerland route to California and engaged 
in mining for two years; afterwards handled 
cattle in Etlgar connty and Douglas connty. 
Illinois; made and im[)ro\cd two farms from 
the \'irgin soil — one in each of the above conn- 
ties, lie was a ])artner in the wholesale and 
retail house of C. C .Smith iV Co., Terre 
Ilaute, hid., in iS<>3, Came to Tuscola and 
followed merchandising, in which, since 1863, 
he has Ijeen acti\ely engaged. 


John Thomas Todd, who is one of the most 
acti\'e and successful business men of Tuscola 
and who has been with the exception of two 


21 I 

near Belfast, Ireland, lie was a fine niusi- 
eian. playing both organ .ami xiolin with great 
liroficiency. Hi.s father died in 1S55. His 
mother, who was, before she was married. 
Margaret Carr, was a nati\-e of connty Down, 
Ireland, and was reared near Belfast. His 
great-grandfather, JmIhi IK'uward. was an ex- 
ceedingly wealtliy man, .and becatise his suns 
were of dissolute h.abits he lieinieaihed liis 

C'ogley. They have one danghter, Mary 
Elizabeth, who is nineteen years of age. He 
is a member of the Court of Honor and at 
present holds the ofhce of chancellor. Mr. 
Hayward owns a pleasant home in Camargo, 
besides eighty acres of land in Murdock lown- 
shii). lie has been town clerk of Camargo 
tor six }-ears and was secretary of the Donglas 
county fair for ten years. He was also assist- 
ant general superintendent of the state fair in 
1897-98, and served as a delegate to the Court 
of Honor for Douglas county, which met in 
Springfield in 1899. He has made his own 
way in tlie business world and at present 
occnpit's an en\iable ])ositi>in in the affairs of 
Douglas coinitv. 

Cll.\Ul.b:S S. SAX'l'OKl). 

Charles S. .Sandfonl. of Tuscola, Illinois, 
is the son of Isaac ;mil Belinda ( b'oster ) .Sand- 
fcr<l. The father \\a^ born at I '.ridgrh.imton, 
wealth to charity, and it is known to this day Long Island, i)i iji/i, .and mai'iai'd Bclind,! 
as the llayw.ard cli.arity fund, so nnich of I'oster, who boiai in 1 l.imilton counfv, 
which is gi\en out each year by the [i.arish of ( )hio. in 1708. TIk- progenitor of the .Sand 
Cranbrook to the ]>i"<v of the p.arish. His fords on l.oug Bland lirst --eltled near Boston, gr.andf.athei', bdward C.arr. was born M.assachusetls, in the \'e;ir lO.p). This branch 
in .Scotland. ol the family li'ee h,as had numerous descend- 

.'\. Hayward came to this counti'y in 1870, .ants, identified with im])iirt.ant mo\-emcuts ,at 
and after spending three months in .Syracuse an e.arly d.iy in the hi>torv of Long Island, 
came direct to Tuscola, where he followed the Many of them p.irticip.aled in the battle of 
painter's trade .and reni,aiiu'<l here six years. Bong Isl.ind. .and some of lln^ni wei-e mimite 
1 le soon .afterw.ard learned tlu' telegrajili busi- men. Is.aac .S.andford enn'gratcil to b' 
uess .and located in Cam.argo. coinUw Illinois, in i8jo. lie served ;is cap 

In 1880 our subject w:is wedded to Miss lain in tlu' Black llawl< .and Later 
Juli.a O'Connor, ,a stepdaughter of M.artin commissioned as of the sl.ate 



militia by Gdvernor Reynolds in 1833. He 
held that position for fifteen years, after which 
time he resigned. General Sand ford was a 
man of srreat financial aliilitv and remarkable 

energy. At the time of his death, in 1853, he 
was one of the wealthiest men in Edgar county. 

Charles S. Sandford's maternal grand- 
father, Luke Foster, was one of the associate 
judges of Hamilton county, Ohio. He was 
born at Riverhead. Long Island. The Fos- 
ters settled on Long Island as early as the 

C. S. Sandford grew to manhood on tlie 
farm; attended school at Edgar Academy, at 
Paris, Illinois, and afterward for a time at 
Greencastle (Indiana) Asbury L'ni\ersity — 
now known as the DePanw LTniversity. In 
1855 he was married to Susan J. Judson, a 
native of Connecticut. Her girlhood home 
was in Vicksburg, Mississippi, but her later 
education was received at Steubcn\'illc. Ohio. 
Mrs. Sandford h.ails frnm ;i family of decided 
literary tastes, her own iiiclinatinns and prac- 

tice in tlie scN'eral communities where resiil- 
ing lieing to promote and forward intellectual 
advancement. To their marriage have been 
born six children : Walter Alexander died in 
infancy; Janet J. is the wife of Capt. Wm. T. 
Wood, who was tjraduatcd from W'est Point 
in the class of 1S77, and at present is serx'ing 
as treasurer at Manila, in the Phillipine Is- 
lands, under General Otis. They have sons : 
Halsey W., Sheridan C. and Isaac Russell. 
Sheridan C. has had an extensive experience 
as a commercial traveler. Grace Foster is the 
wife of Dr. W. E. Purviance, assistant sur- 
geon in the Lhiited States army, with the rank 
of captain, now stationed at Fort Egbert, 
.Vlaska. Isaac Russell, the youngest of the 
family, is partner with his father in dry-goods 
and general merchandise at Villa Grove. Illi- 

Mr. Sandford's business career has been 
one of unusual diversity. In 1850 he made 
the overland route to California and engaged 
in mining for twii years ; afterwartl handled 
cattle in Edgar comity and Douglas county, 
Illinois; made and improved two farms from 
the virgin soil — one in each of the above coun- 
ties. He was a partner in the wholesale and 
retail house of C. C. Smith & Co., Terre 
Haute. Ind., in 1893. Came to Tuscola and 
followed merchandising, in which, since 1S63, 
he has been actively engaged. 


John Thomas Todd, who is one of the most 
active ;uid successful business men of Tuscola 
and who b;is been with the exception of two 



years, agent for the I. D. & W. Railway Com- 
pany from the time tlie road was Iniilt to the 
present, having first entered its service as agent 
at Marshall, Indiana, on Augnst i, 1879, was 
))orn in Edgar connty, Illinois, June 8, 1862. 
He was reareil in Edgar and Champaign coun- 
ties and received his educati(Hi in the puhlic 
schnols at Xewman. In 1866 his jiareiUs re- 

mmcd til Douglas county and settled i>n a 
farm near Xewman. lie is a son of David 
and Mariah (\\'il,s(in) Todd, who were natives 
of Ireland, and who were both Episcopalians 
in their religious belief. Da\id Todd was ;i 
hiinkhinder Iiv trade anil in about 1844 emi- 
grated til this ciiuntry, first settling in New 
York City, where he worked at his trade until 
1855. when he emigrated west and located on 
a farm in Eilgar county. The graml fathers 
of Mr. Todd were James Todd ami William 
Wilson, both born in Ireland. 

In 1883 Mr. Todd was united in marriage 
to Miss Laura, a daughter of L. J. Cash, of 

Newman. He is the founder of the Douglas 
County Telephone Company, now a sub- 
licensee of the .American ricll rclciilione t'om- 
pany, the change being made in order to get the 
use of the instruments and the long-distance 
connections of the Bell Comi)any. Mr. Todd 
is still the president and business manager of 
llie Company, with J. W. Ilamiliou as sec- 
retary. In 1892 he removed to Chicago, 
where he was engaged for two years in per- 
fecting and tleveloping an invention known 
as the "thermograph," of which .Mr. Todd is 
the patentee and inventor. This instrument 
is for automatically recording the \-arialions 
of temperature of refrigerator cars while in 
transit, also of the several rooms of cold stor- 
age plants, hot houses, etc.. where it is ilesira- 
hle that a uniform temperature be maintained. 
With Mr. TchM's in\-ention it is possible to 
have a printed record made on a narrow' strip 
of jiaper ribbon, showing the \'ariations of 
temperature at such intervals of time as may 
be desired, froiu the time a car of meat leaves 
Chicago until it arrives in San Francisco, from 
which record any neglect in re-icing car en 
route ma\- be located, and ;is the record shows 
the time of day and date of every variation, 
it is an easy m.atter to place the res])onsibi!ity 
for any neglect by the se\eral railway com- 
panies handlig the car. 

John r. Ti >dd is a member of the M.asonic 
fraternitw .and his standing ;is a man. espe- 
cially in I'ailroad circles, is second to none. 
During his residence in Tuscola he has borne 
an important ]iarl in the ])rogress of the city, 
.and his courteous manner ;md his integrity 
and abilit}- ha\e wnn him a high place in the 
esteem of his fellow citizens. 




Carl S. Burgctt was burn in Sargent ti^vvn- 
ship. Douglas county. Illin(.)is. July 2, 1867, 
and is a son of I. \V. Burgett, whose death 
occurred in 1884 and wlmse sketch is found 
elsewhere. .After leaving the common schools 
Mr. Burgett attended high school at Green- 

field, Iowa, and the Commercial Cnllege at 
Terre Haute. Indiana. In i8yi he located in 
Newman ami has been engaged in buying and 
selling broom corn and the manufacturing of 
brooms; he is also engaged in the fire insur- 
ance business and buying and shipi)ing stock. 
In 1894 Mr. Burgett was wedded to Miss 
Emma Gillogly, a daughter of James Gillogly, 
of Newman. To them have been l)orn three 
children: Lois V., Carl .Stanton and Gladys. 
Besides his business interests in Newman Mr. 
Burgett owns one hundred and twenty acres of 
land in Sargent tovv'usliip. He is a Mason 
and belongs to the Melita Commander}' of 
Knights Teiuplar of Tuscola. i\Ir. Burgett 

has for .several years past taken an active and 
influential part in the councils of his party and 
was elected as a Republican to the lower house 
iif the (ieneral Assembly (if Illinois in the fall 
cif 1898. While a member of this body he 
was con.scientious in his work and was seldom 
absent at roll-call. He served on the commit- 
tees on agriculture, appropriations, banks and 
banking, labor and intlustrial affairs, penal and 
reformatories and railroads. It was largely 
due to his efliciency as a law maker that his 
party in the recent primaries gave him the re- 
nomination without opposition for re-election 
to the same office. Socially Carl S. Burgett 
is one of the most companionable of fellows 
and thoroughly appreciates the confidence and 
esteem placed in him liy the general public. 


Albert B. Sawyer was born in the town of 
Milton, Chittenden county, Vermont. January 
3, 1837. Since 1885 he has been a resident 
of Tuscola, Illinois, having from that time 
until 1899 been a member of the dry-goods 
firm of W'ardall & Sawyer. 

In Mr. Sawyer's chiklhood his parents 
came to Illinois, living near and finally in 
Joliet. His boyhootl and youth were spent in 
that part of the state, on the farm, going to 
school or assisting his father, Jed Sawyer, in 
filling the extensive railroad contracts which 
he took when the railroads around Joliet were 
being built. Having gone to Texas in i860, 
he li\ed near Houston until after the Civil war 
broke out, when, being unable to retiuMi to the 



iinrth except as a Confederate SDldier, lie land in alu ml the year 1 fiS5 and settled in cast- 
tinaied to the west, finally entering' the Repnb- ern I'ennsyhania, ne;!r Philadelphia. In 
lie of Mexico. Thei'e he turned his attention ahout \y<-)0 Alurris Cdvert. his t^rand father. 
t<i the great hnsiness of nunhern .Mexico — c;jne to western Tennsylvania and settled in 

I aulei' C( iiHit\'. I le hecanie a large land < i\\ nei', 
being al)le to give eitch ot his tweKe children 
a farm. John Co\ei't. the father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was one of the steady, sub- 
stantial fanners of that section. I. \. C M\ert 
grew to nianhiHid ou his father's farm, .\lter 
attending the common schools he com])leted 
what schoi'l education he I'eceued at North 
.'^e<lgw ids' .\ca<lem\'. in lleaxer count\'. I'enn- 
svlxania. In the fall of \X^i) he came west 
and located ,at .Xewnian. Illinois, and t.night 
the Hopkins school, one mile sduth (if Xew- 
man. three successive winters before the Cixil 
war and one year after its close. lie was 
maiaaiMl. .'-leptember _'. iSdo. Iw the l\e\'. l\Mer 

Wallace, of the .Methodisi church n\ this ]ilace. 
siber mining — in which he was engaged from 

i(S62 to 18X4, when he sulci out his nnning in- 
terests there and returned to lllinciis. Two 
vears pre\ionsl\' he had m.arned .Miss l''ann\ 
M. W'ardall. ..t d'olonM, Ijhn.-is. 1'., their 
miiuu li\e children have bcjn Ixirn; Harriet. 
.Mbert L').. Jr.. .Margaret, (ici'trude .and John 
W . Since 1XS3 their hnme been in Ins- 

1. X. CON'F.RT. 

I. \'. Coxert. one ol the retireil men froni 
active business and a most wortliv citizen of 
.Xewinan. Illinois, was boiai in llntler county. t< .Miss S. L. W'ebstei-. of Athens, ( )hio. hae- 
I'ennsyKania. I )ecember j. iS.^J. Mr. Covert ing been the first couple wlio were ntarrit'd in 
descended I roni ancestors who came fr<pni llol- the church. .Mrs. Covert, who was a verv 



wcirtln- woiiian, was a niece of Mother Stew- 
art, will I was known in Ohio as the pioneer 
temperance crusader. Mr. Covert, in 1862, 
enlisted in the Seventy-ninth Regiment of Illi- 
nois Volunteers, and serx-ed honorahly in that 
regiment throughout the war, recei\'ing his 
discharge in June, 1865. He hought and im- 
proved a farm in Edgar ciumty, three and one- 
half miles south of the city, where he resided 
from the year 1866 to 1882, when he rented 
h:s farm and nKwcd to Xewman. In the 
spring of 1S84 he fcirmed a partnership with 
Scott Burgett and engaged in the hanking 
Inisiness, having heen the first ])resi(lent of the 
Newman Bank. Mrs. Ci)\-ert died August 17. 
1887, and in 1888 he found the close confine- 
ment of his husiness injurinus to his health 
and sold his interest in the hank to S. M. Long, 
deceased, whose sketch is found on another 
page. Mr. Ciwert has recently comijleted one 
of the most beautiful cottages in Newman. 
He has been an elder in the Presbyterian 
church since its organization and is one of the 
church's most devoted leaders; he is also a 
Knight Templar in the Masonic fraternity. 


Lawrence E. Root, member of the well- 
known dr\'-goods iirni of Root Brothers, of 
Newman, was born in Rome townshii), Athens 
cotuitv, ( )hio, NoNcniber 16, 1848, and was 
the ninth child born to Mr. and Mrs. Levi 
Root, ])iiineer settlers of .\thcns county (see 
sketch of brother, IX O. Root, for ancestry). 
I Ic rcm,iine<l on the farm with his p.arcnts until 

1863, when, in the spring of that year, he en- 
listed in Company K. Third West \'irgiuia 
Ca\-alry. At the time of his enlistment he was 
only a little past fourteen years of age, being 
the youngest private soldier there has been 
any record found of so far. Going out in the 
winter of 1862-63, he served with Sheridan in 
the Shenandoah vallev, Custer's division, and 

served up to the surremler of Lee. at Appo- 
mattox Court House. At the close of the war 
Mr. Root returned to Athens, and in 1867 
came west and settled in Douglas county, lo- 
cating on a farm south of Newman, where he 
was successfully engaged in farming up to 
1888. In that year he formed a partnershii) 
with his brother, D. O. Root, in the general 
dry-g<io(ls business, which has coiuinued most 
successfully up to the present time. While on 
the farm he served four years as .supervisor 
of Sargent township, in which township he 
resided from 1871 to 1888. He also served 
as suiier\-isor of Newman township two years, 
and from i8()() to 18(^4 he ser\-ed most eftL 



ciently as treasurer of tlie cmmty. ^fr. I\iHit 
since his residence in Xcwniaii has scrxed in 
the city cnuncil. and lias l)een thurnuglih- iden- 
tilied with the hest interests (>\ the cit_\-. lie 
is a hn-ge stockholder in the Xewnian h'lectric 
Li.glit (S: Canning Coini)an_\'. lie is a mem- 
ber of Xewnian Lodge, Xo. t,U). of Masons; 
a Knight Templar, belonging to Alelita C'oni- 
mandery. Xo. t,j. of Tuscola; a Knight of 
Pythias, and a member of the ( i. A. R. and 
Knig'hts of Houi ir. 

The store room occu|)ie<l b\' Koot brothers 
is one hundred and twenty feet by twentv, two 
stories; the n])])er story is filled with clothing. 
l)()ots, etc. The lirm eni|)lo\s (i\e clerks, ami 
carries from fifteen to twentv thousand dcrl- 
lars Worth of stock. 

In 1X70 our subject we<ldcd Miss X'.ashti 
Winkler, of .\ewtu;ni, ;i d.augliter of (h.-iiies 
;md .SiuTili (L.aue) Winkk'r, uali\cs of Ken- 
tucky ;md ( )hio respee'tix I'ly. To the union 
ba\e been born nine cbildi"en. whose n.amcs. 
with dates of birth, are as follows: AlcKiu 
i... January 27. 1 S7 i ; Wallace !-'... J.annarv 1 1. 
1S73; iJianche. .M.arch jX. 1X73; Ina, .March 
--■ ^'^77'- Crace. July jj. \Sjfr. I'anl A.. Se]i- 
leniber X. iXXi; 1 lattie i.,ane, I )cccmber _'X. 
1XX3: M.adge. December 11, 1XX7; Lois, An 
gust (J, iXi>o. ( )iily Melvin and Wallace are 
m.arried. The members , if the f,-iniilv are iden- 
tilled with the .\l. k. church of Xewnian. 

count}-. Illinois. March 1. 1X76. lie was 
reared on .a f.arm and received his principal 
educati<in at Tuscola and Terre I laule. Ills 
lirst business \entnre was in partnership with 
A. J. I'arke. in the restaurant business in 
llindsboro. ;it which they continued success- 
fully for :i short lime. In 1 X(;X Mr. Carnahan 
engaged in his present business, and his success 
has l)een remarkable, lie carries a full line 


C_ karence II. C' one of the le;iiling 
merchants oi I linilsln iri >. and ;i pri mi i sing busi 
iiess man o| the coniu\', was born in houLilas 

ot dry-goods, notions and ginceries and has 
llu' entire conlidence of tin- people in llinds- 
bo|-. I .and I'.owdre township. In .addition to 
bis mercantile interests he owns fort\- acres of 
valuable land the \ill.ige. 

Mr. ('arn.ahan is a son of kobert A. ("ar- 
iialian. who was born September j_>, |X_^<), in 
I'leming county. I\t'ntuck\. ;ind is a son of 
Jackson a.nd .M.argaret ( .'^ousley ) C'arii.ahan. 
with whom he removed from Kiaitnckv to In- in 1X47, In 1X57 the f.amilw moved |.i 
( oles coiinlv, where, 111 1 X0( 1, l.acksriu (, .arn.a- 
liau dii-d. vvbii'h ihi'evv the snppoiM of the will- 
ow ed niotlu'r ;iiid younger children u])on Kob- 



ert, who was the eldest child, llis business 
in life was farming, cattle dealing and trading, 
in all of which he was very prosperous ; ha\ng 
no capital to start on, he accumulated a good 
property by industry anil good management. 
In 1869 he liought eighty acres of the present 
homestead antl later added eighty acres more. 
It was unimproved, but later became one of 
the fine farms of Bowdre township. 

Our su])ject was twice married. His first 
wife was Miss Sarah E. Herbert, daughter of 
William J. and Martha (1. (Arasmith) Her- 
bert, of Coles county. His second wife was 
Miss Mahala Herbert, sister of his first wife. 
By the last marriage there was born one child, 
a son, Clarence H. Jackson Carnahan's death 
occurred March 8, 1879. Clarence H. Carna- 
han is one of the youngest men in successful 
business in the county, and displays a reniark- 
al)le tact and aptitude in handling details. So- 
ciallv he is popular with his friends. 

V. C. McNEER. 

"Probably no death that has ever occurred 
in Tuscola came more suddenly or caused more 
expressions of regret and genuine sorrow to 
be heard among our people than that of V. 
C. McXeer, which occurred at Areola at 
about 8:30 o'clock on Friday morning last. 
It came like a shock to his innumerable friends 
in this city, and many could hardly realize 
that he had ])as.sed to the beyond and that he 
would mingle no more among us. 

"Mr. McNeer, who has bought stock in 
this county for many years, had occasion to 
go to Areola that morning to receive some hogs 

from John Jones. The fast mail leaves here 
at an earlv hour, and in order to make the train 
he was com]^elled to run from the First Na- 
tional Bank to the dejjot. It is su]iposed that 
this over-e.Kertion ha<l the effect of bringing 
on the attack of cerebral apoplexy whicli car- 
ried him off soon after his arrival in Areola. 

"After arriving in that city he went to the 
.scale office of \\'. S. Jocelyn. where he met his 
agent, Israel Tra\-ener, and soon afterward he 
sat down to write a check in payment for the 
animals. He arose, and a moment later was 




;pSf "^(Cv 






seen to have a peculiar look, as though in 
agony. He passed his hand to the back of his 
head and said that he felt a severe pain. He 
had scarcely made the remark when he seized 
the arm of Travener anil reeled as if al)ont to 
fall. The latter eased him to the floor and 
sent for a physician at once, but it was too late. 
The stricken man never breathed a word after 
receiving the fatal stroke, and died in fifteen 
minutes. Dr. McKinney attended him, but 
no assistance could be gi\-en. He was carried 
tc the Areola hotel, near by, and expired in a 


room adjoining the ofificc. \V. H. Hancock children, wlio liave snffered the loss of one 

aijd John W'allin.q- were in the city at the time, who was near and dear to them, and whose 

htit arrived a few nunutes after he i)assed every thou!;iit was to make tiieni coml'ortahlc 

away. and haiijiy. 

"On receipt of the painfnl news here, the "For a (|iianer of a centurv Mr. .McXecr 

Odd Fellows apjjointed a committee to go at has made his home in tJiis ccunnuinity. and 

once and take charge of the remains, he heing dtnang that time he has had hiisiness rcla- 

an honored nicmher <>\ <irder. His re- tions with linn(h-eds oi \m>\)\c thronghout the 

mains arrived here on llie .aflenKmn tniin. and comity. His husiness took him to everv town 

were met at the depnt hy se\cral hmuh-ed within a radius of twenty miles, and his circle 

P^'^'P''-'- of ac(|uaintances was perhaps larger than that 

"The dccurrcd at his home near I'f any other citizen among us. In his husiness 

the southern limits ol the city on Monday relations covering these many vears he was 

afternoon at two o'clock, when, notwithstand- found to he houor.ahle and upright with his 

ing the intense cold at the lime, a large mnn- fellow men. and it might he s.aid that he has 

ber of friends gathered to pay their last re- aided more men in a financial way than almost 

spects to the one who they had known so well any citizen in the community. He had a large 

in life, and momaied so sincerely in death, and sympathetic heart, and no friend ever went 

The services were brief, and were conducted t" him in trouble and was turned away. Many 

by Revs. Calhoun .ind Wyatt, after which the who have been aided l)y liim in the past will 

rcmams were ])laced in charge of tiie Odd Fel- remember his kindlv acts through life and 

lows, who conducted the services according to bless him for it. .Ml feel that an honored and 

Iheir rites. respected citizen has been called. ;md that his 

"The deceased was born .\nder,son. place will be hard to till. 
Indiana, December t,i. iSj;(;, and w;is "Jt is more th;m probable that the .leccased 

(|ueutly tifty-seven years of age at the time of awai'c that he w. mid be l.akcn suddenly, 

liis death. lie lea\cs a wife and four children as be had previous warning of his trouble, 

to mourn his loss, besides one brother and one Fast summer he was stricken while at home, 

sister. The sister, Mrs. Catherine Jones, of ;md a few ye.irs (irevious he suffered a liglu 

Alexandria, Indian.a, was in .attendance at the attack." — (Copied.) 
tuneral. The brother, Dan. is a resident of 

( )maha, and it was impossible to reach him b\' 

lelegra[)h, as he was alisent from home. .Mr. 

C astle, a brother-in-law, from Ale.vandria, was , -.-yir.-^ <• -r()|)|) 

als(^ present, and on Monday ^Mr. and .Mrs. 

John Renner, parents of Mrs. McNeer, arrived J.anies (i. Todd born in .\'ew \i>vk 

I loni Kansas. .\lso Mrs. (ofTey, of City, July if). 1X40: remo\c<l to lllin.pis with 

1 he luneral was a sad one, .and universal .sym bis parents, David ;md .M.iriah Todd, in the 

pathy is expressed for the liereaved wife and year 1855, settling in I'ldgar county. In 18O4 

2 20 


he moved with his parents to Champaign also a memher of the M. E. cliurcli and teaclier 
county, liut two years afterward his fatlier pur- in the Sunday school. Mr. Todd is kind and 
chased a farm in Douglas county, six miles generous at all times and is one of the men that 
niirihcast of Newman, and he remained on the it is safe to "tie to." He numhers his friends 

in this city by the score. 

Very recently he has mcmrned the death ot 

his most estimable wife. 


The biographies of Newman township would 
be incomplete without an extended notice of 
Mr. Culbertson, w'ho has done more than any 
other one man toward developing the eastern 
part of the county and the improvement and 
beautifying of the town of Newman. Thefam- 
ily from which he is descended is of Scotch 

farm with his parents until January 29, 1873. 
He was there united in marriage to Miss Jen- 
nie CooUey, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J A. 
Coolley, of the Ridge. Three children were 
born to this union. Minnie, Lena C. and Allje;t 
D. Mrs. Todd died February 26, 1891. Mr. 
Todd was afterward united in marriage tc 
Mrs. Jennie McClure and occupies a neat and 
comfortable home in this city. Mr. Todd is a 
Republican, as was his father, and has been 
;i ])r(iminent factor in the success of the party 
in Newman township the i)ast few years, hll- 
ing offices of trust and honor. He is now 
.serving as township clerk and so well does he 
attend to the business affairs of the township 
that no one has reason for complaint. So- 
cially he is a member of the K. of R. lodge and 
takes quite an active part in the work. He is and settled in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania 

origin. One of his great-granil fathers emi- 
grated from thenorth of Ireland in an early day. 


22 I 

AiKitlier great-tjranil father. \\'illiani McClay, 
who was horn in rennsylvani. and who, with 
K(il)ert ^h)rris, were the first Tnitcd States 
senators from Pennsylvania. The descend- 
ants of tlie Culhertsons hecame (|nite ninnerous 
in Lancaster connty, and tlie settlement was 
known as Cnlhertson's row. Here his father, 
Charles M. Culhert.son, was horn, and after his 
marriage of Elizaheth McPamma emigrated in 
iSiS to Indiana, and settled in Jefferson coun- 
ty. In this county Charles M. Culhcrtson was 
horn August 5, 1819, and recei\'ed only the 
meagre school advantages common in that day, 
consequent!}' he had to rely on his own industry 
and perceiitions for the elements of knowledge 
vhieh he acquired. At fourteen years of age 
he left home and went to Xewjiort, Indiana, 
where he commenced clerking in a store, which 
position he held for ahout eight years. .\t 
first he recei\'ed a salary of eighty dollars a 
year, out of which he clothed himself. His 
salary for the year 1841 was two hundred dol- 
lars. He soon exhihited husiness (|ualitications 
of a high order and it was not long until he en- 
tered into a partnership with Daniel .\. Jones, 
who carried on a general merchandising and 
pork i)acking husiness at Newport, which last- 
ed u]) until iS'13. I'l) to 1854 the husiness was 
carried on .at the latter ]>lace and .after 
date in Chicago (.Mr. Culhcrtson removed to 
Cliicagf) in 1857). In 1S43 he was m.arried 
to Miss Khoda W'illi.ams. of Xewixirt, whose 
p.arents were from PennsyKani.-i. In iS3_> he 
entered a section of Land in Xewnian iMwnship 
;md kept on increasing it until at one time he 
owned two thousand, three Iiun<lreil and forty 
acres, and his f.arms. which he recentiv dixiiled 
among his heirs, .are the finest and hi'st im- 
pro\-ed in the county. The honu- f.irm of fixe 

hundred .and sixty .acres, he ga\e his 
grand.son, E. C. Remiek, is situated four miles 
north of Newman and is dcci<le(llv the most 
heautiful and attractive country home in this 
vicinity. Mr. Culhcrtson has erected ;i heauti- 
lul hrick Inisiness hlock .and it w;is priuciii.allv- 
due to his efforts that the town of Newman 
o\er six nu'les of fine concrete sidew.alks. 1 le 
is still hale and hearty, active ;uid straight. ;md 
would e.asil}- he t.aken for ;i not mure 
p.ast si.xty. 

DANIEL .\. C()N0V]':R. 

I). .\. Cono\er, ex-circuit clerk and record- 
er, horn in .\d,ams county, PennsvK .ani.a, 
on one of the farms where the hatlle of (ietl\'s- 








% ^. 

hnrg afterward fought, .\hiiut 18400111- 
suhjecl with his ]>.arents mo\ed to ()\\en cnun- 
t}'. he gi\en a thorough sclinol 
ing .at the I lli h iiniugtMn. Indi;m.a. st.ate uni\ci'- 



sity and at twenty years of age lie engaged 
witli his linitlier in tlie drug business at Bow- 
ling (irccn. Clay county. Indiana. After a 
year he bought bis brother's interest and o-,vncd 
the store until 1864. In iSfjj be organized 
Company D. Seventy-First Indiana A^ilunteer 
Infantry. At the l)attle of Richmond. Kentucky, 
he was wounded and taken prisoner, but at 
night with some others escaped. The Seventy- 
first sustained such loss that the reorganiza- 
tion was abandoned. The remaining members 
returned to Terre Haute and there organized 
the Sixth Indiana Cavalry antl Mr. Conover 
was commissioned major. Owing to disabilities 
sustained at Richmond be was mustered out at 
Knoxville, Tennessee, and on returning home 
lie was appointed provost marshal of the sev- 
enth Indiana district with beadf|uarters at Ter- 
re Haute: he was appointed inspector of inter- 
publican ticket for mayor of Terre Haute. In 
1869 he came to Tuscola where he afterward 
resided. He traveled for eleven years in the in- 
terests of a Cincinnati hat house luitil 1880, 
when be was elected to an office on the Re- 
publican ticket. On January 24, 1854, be mar- 
ried Miss Bradshaw N. Elkin, of Bowding 
Green, Indiana. Major Conover belonged to 
the Masonic lodge from the age of twenty- 
one years ; was a Knight Templar of Melita 
Commandery and was circuit clerk and record- 
er. Mr. Conover was respected in Tuscola up 
until his death. 

the very front rank of successful professional 
men of Douglas county. He is a native of Illi- 
nois and the son of Dr. and Mrs. H. Ruther- 
ford, of Oakland, Illinois, being liorn in the 
present family residence in Oakland, August 
14. 1850. After the completion of a common 
school education be tauglit school in and near 
Oakland for three years, during which time 
be was engaged in the study of medicine. 
After this he attended lectures and graduated 
at the University of Pennsylvania, at Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, the I2tli of March, 
1877. He returned to Oakland and began the 
practice of medicine, which he continued until 


Natural ability, thurdngh study and long 
experience have i>laccd Ur. C. Rutherford in 

he came to Newman, September 2", 1877, and 
has ever since been actively engaged in his 
chosen profession, building up as he has a large 
and lucrative practice. 

Dr. Rutherford was united in marriage to 
Miss Mary E. Mclntyre on the 2jnd of Sep- 
tember, 1885, and together with his family oc- 


cupies a very neat residence in tlic snuth part 
of tlie city. Tn Mr. and Mrs. Rutiierford liavc 
been born two cliildren, Eugenie, laorn June 
29, 1892. and Florence, liorn July 8, 1894. He 
lias served on the scliool board twelve years 
and was elected the first president under the new 
organization of se\en members, having been re- 
elected each year since, which is conclusive c\i- 
dence that he ser\'cs the people hiiniir;ibl\- in 
that capacity. 

When the people of Newman desired to 
convert Newman into a city, be was chosen as 
the proper man fur the mayoralty and was 
elected. lie is a prominent member of the Ma- 
sonic and K. of 1'. lodges of this city. His 
medical skill has been tlic me;ms of him being 
selected as a member of tlie board of pension 
examiners and also elected county coroner for 
four years, ;dthougb bis extensive practice kept 
liim for serving as coroner. Dr. Rutherford 
has always been a great i)ronioter of Newman's 
interests and in 1890 in partnership wi'.h R. 
Thomas was the designer of the bcauliful New- 
man cemetery. A city full and running over 
with such men as Dr. Rutberf(M-d could not 
lielp but advance. "God made the country and 
man makes the town" as the old saving goes; 
and it is a true one. Every town is just what its 
inhabitants m;ike it, is dead or alive according 
to the comiKisition of its men. Of course all 
cm not be leaders; some ha\e not the talent, 
others have not the time, lint when the leader 
arises, then the duty of the ordinary citizen is 
to foll(;iw in the wake of bis :idv;mcing foot- 
stei)s. Dr. l\utlierford possesses honest (|u;di- 
licnlions and so x.aried ;n-e bis gifts that m.any 
men n;ifur;dly seek his companionshi]) for con- 
sultation. .X'oble models make noble minds. 

\\\ \V. T'EPPER. 

\V. W. re]i])er, a lawyer and a suc- 
cessful young business man, was born on a 
farm seven miles south of Newman May 24, 
1866, and is the eklest of seven children born to 
Dudley EI. and Nancy Liston Pep]ier. His fa- 
ther was a native of Kentucky .and resides ;it 
( ).akl,'md. Mr. l^epper recei\ed his early edu- 

cation in the public scIkioIs of ();iklanil ;ind 
afterward look ;i three-years" com'se in the 
l^ni\-ersity of Illinois in C'liam])aign. .\fter 
leaving the unixersity he took a two-years' law 
course at the .Vortliwestern I'niversity ;it 
Evanston and was gi-acluated with lionor in 

1893, shortly ;iflerw;ii-d being ;idmilted to the 

On June j8, i8i;o. Mr. I'epi)er married 
Miss Nora lliuds. of llindsboro. In .M.arch, 

1894, Mr. l'e])]ier located in .\ewni;ni ,'inil com- 
menced lln''tici' of l.iw . I le becime al once 
deser\ed]y popiiLir .and in May, 181):^, was 



cliDScn city attorney, which office he filled with 
due honor until the expiration of his time.* He 
was re-elected to the same office, hut resigned 
to look after his other husiness. It can he truly 
said of him that he is a man peculiarly after 
his own style. He has no model and seeks 
after none, save that which is the creation of 
liis own mind. Starting out in life as he did, 
without means, perseverance and energy consti- 
tuted his only cajjital. He entered his profes- 
sion with a determination to fully accpiaint 
Inmself with the law and the rules of practice. 
This he has done. He has huill up and now en- 
joys an extensive practice in all the courts of 
Douglas county. His splendid success is due 
to the fact that he is a ceaseless worker and 
when once employed he pursues his rase until 
he has thoroughly mastered it in :dl its de- 


Oliver O. Hockctt, one of the 3'ounger 
memhers of the medical fraternity of Douglas 
count V, and one of the leading men in the 
social, professional and educational life of New- 
man, was horn in Paris, Edgar county, Illinois, 
March 2, 1866. He was graduated from the 
high school of Paris in 1882 and suhscquently 
entered tlic state university at Champaign, 
where he remained for three years. He then 
took up the study of medicine with Dr. M. P. 
Smith, with whom he remained untd he en- 
tered Chicago Hahnemann College, from which 
well known institution he was graduated in 
the class of i,S8q, and the following year he 
spent in the liahnemann hospital. In March, 

1890, he came to Newman and opened out in 
the general practice of medicine, and has suc- 
ceeded far hey(ind his expectations. He is 
skilled and successful, and although having 
heen in Newman Ijut a few years, he enjoys one 
of the most extensive and lucrative practices in 
the county. He is a memher of the Hahne- 
mann Medical Society, contrihutes to the medi- 
cal joiu'nals and keeps himself thor(iughly in 
touch with the advancements heing made in 
his profession. .-Vs a diagnostician in his pro- 
fession, as well as in his judgment of human 
nature, he would pass muster 'in any com- 

Dr. Hockett is a son of Mahlon and Marv 

(Kimhle) Hockett, natives of Vermilion and 
Edgar counties respectively. His father was 
a well-to-do carriage manufacturer, who has re- 
cently retired. During the war of the Rehel- 
lion he was first lieutenant of the First Missouri 
X'olnnteers. Ilis grandfather Kimhle walked 
from (~)hio to Edgar county, and died in 1877 
\uirth ninety thousand dollars. In 1895 our 



^.iihject married Miss Luella Gillespie, and has in"- to Tiisccila he was engaged in the same line 

hy this marriage une child, named J. Maxwell, at Artlmr. 

Dr. li.K-kett has a.snite oi rooms in the Swag- Mr. rin]li])s was horn in Clay comity. Tcn- 

gert huilding. which is his office, elegantly nessee. .Xpril iS. 1861, his parents remo\ing 

lilted np. and where he takes care of a large when he was (piite young to 1 1,-iwkins counlv. 

and growing practice, huilt u|) hy close appli- 
cation to his work. Wdiile in medical college 
special honors were conterre<l n|>on him. and on 
his entering the great school of acti\e life his 
thorough education and medical training did 
him great service in heginning his |)raclice. 
He is thoroughly e(|uip])ed wilh the hnest out- 
hts for use in his specialties that can he had. 
.Socially he helongs to the Knights of I'vthias. 
and in 1881 was ;i memher of C'om|)aiiy II. 
I'jghth I'icgiment. Illinois Stale .Militia, retir- 
ing in 1887. 

some liftydixe miles cast of Knoxville, in the 
same state, lie is a son of William I'lnllips. 


( )f the many lea<ling and >nccessful hnsiuv.s.-; 
men of Tuscola who h;i\e fought tlieir way suc- 
cessfully through life and who h;i\e heen the 
architect ot their own fortune in the true sense 
of that term is the suhject of this sketch. lie 
is a dealer in ])onltry. ]iroduce. Iish. etc.. and is interested in the ice hnsiness. 1 le founded 
his ]>re.sent hnsiness in Tuscola in iXc^fi. c. .11- 

who was a uati\e of Hawkins coniitv. Tennes- 
.see. William married .Miss hanilv l'hilli])s (no 
relation, though hearing the same name ). Th-,' 
lather died in iS(<:,. and hi> mother in |X()S. 
aged se\enty-seven years. In I'ehruarv, 18S1, 
Mr. Phillips wed. led .Miss .Veljie M. I-'itch. of 

Coles county, llhuois. Tliey h;i\e four cliil- 
structing a Iniilding 8oxJO feel, and one and '''"^'"- "^ ^■"•'' I >"";i. I'"- W. and Herald. .Mr. 

one-half stories high. This hmlding hnrned in '''""'1'^ i^ ••' niemher of the W Imen .and 

.\ugust ,.f the i"ollowing year, and he im- ''^'■■'l'"^-"- 

mediately erected on the same site a more cor,)- 

modious one, uox^o feet. It is safe to say 
that .Mr. I'lnllips' ])ouhry hnsiness is one of 
the very largest in the state outside of Chicago. 
He has ahout twenty live men traveling and 
huymg poultry ;md produce throughout the 
year. I'dr hfieen years prexious to his coni- 

M Ai.nrx- mxr.s. 


in touching upon the historv of Douglas 
coiiiuy lor the ]iast sixty years, none ha\e heen 
more prominently connected with its urowlh 



and industrial exi^ansion tlian the Hon. Maiden 
Jones. He endured all the hardsh'i:s inc'dent 
to the rough ])ioneer lite and has pa.ssed 
through a most honorable and enviable eareer. 
He is a native of Lee county, Virginia, and was 
born February 8, 1818. When a child he went 
with his i)arents to Kentucky, where he was 
reared and where, at about the age of seven- 
teen, lie entered a store as clerk and remained 

three years. In 1840 he came west, making the 
trip on horseback, settled with his brother, Al- 
fred, live miles southwest of Areola, and there 
engaged in farming and the live stock business. 
In. 1848 he remo\-ed to his present locality and, 
in company with Mr. (iruelle, opened a general 
store about h;df a mile north of Bourl)on. his 
store being the only one west oi Ciiarleston. 
He was engaged extensively in buying and 
selling cattle and horses, and droxe them from 
his home to Wisconsin, which ;U that time was 
the only market worlhv of the name in the 
west. I'hey continueil ;it this ])oint about one 

year. Mr. Jones then built a sti^re in Bourbon 
and laid out the town. He continued merchan- 
dising here about six years. In 1858 he was 
elected sheriff of the county of Coles, and re- 
moved to Charleston. There he resided for 
three years, returning to Bourbon in 1861. He 
was elected ti_> the Legislature in i8r)4 and re- 
elected in 1866, and was the first member 
electetl from the new county of Douglas. In 
1876 he was elected state senator antl served 
four years. He was also a candidate for the 
senate in 1880, but was defeated by a few \otes. 
On coming to Coles, now Douglas county, 
he had but forty dollars and a pony. He now 
owns fifteen hundred acres of land and the 
finest residence in the township, which cost 
over six thousand dollars. He was married 
in 1880 to Mary, daughter of Isaac Gruelle. 
who was one of the earliest settlers of this 
county. Eleven children have blessed this 
union, nine now lixing. four sons and five 
daughters. His wife died June 23, 1895, in 
her sixty-first year, .\mongst Mr. Jones' neigh- 
bors, when he first settled in the vicinit}' of 
Bourbon, might lie mentioned the .Mibots, Sto- 
\'als, Ellises and the Chandlers. Mr. Jones 
and Lemuel Chandler, in the i860 tlays of old. 
were the leading stump speakers and authorities 
of the day. and being on opposite sides of the 
important political questions, made the old 
brick school house in Bourbon fairly ring with 
the eloquent pros and cons of political debate. 
the condiments of which were not a little per- 
sonal feeling, which, to the knowing ones, lent 
an adtled zest to their enjoyment; but, hajjpy 
to say, old time fixed them with his glitter- 
ing eye at last and the foolishness of political 
animosity gracefully gax'c way to the sober 
l)liilosophy of increasing years. In a public 



career of aljout forty-five years, Mr. Jones, 
while <iccu])\ing' positions of trust ami respon- 
sibility, such as sheriff, representati\e and state 
senator, has retained his integrity and, conse- 
(pientlv, the respect of his fellow citizens. His 
character has never been assailed and he stands 
before the world to-day i-ctaining- the reputa- 
tion of an honest and inlluential man. Air. 
bmcs is universally res])ectcd. Tie has seen 
in;in\- changes in the count}' and at the sunset 
of life still t.akes an ;icli\e ;uicl inlluential part 
in the political, social .and industrial lite of the 


.Mian Canipl)ell. son of John Campiicll, died 
October 13. 1X75. Without ;i sketch ;uid por- 


trait of .Mian Campbell this book would be 
yery incomi)lete, as the Camjibell t'amily was 

among the earliest :m<l most ])romincnt i)ioneers 
in Bourljon township. .Mian c;imc belore his 
lather, and soon after his arrival bought li\c 
acres of land just south of Lcster\-ille, at the 
I'lag'dad bridge, and ran ;i ferry here t'or three 
years. .Mian (/;nnpl)cll was liorn in Knox coun- 
ty. Kentucky, in iSoc;. I lis grand fjither, .Mian 
Campbell, was born in \'irgiui;i. and w;is ;imong 
the earh" settlers in Kentui'ky. Mis lather, 
|ohn Campbell, remoxed to llourbon township 
soon after bis brother. His mother w;is l,u- 
cinda Sulliv'an, also a native of Kentucky. 

Allan Cami)bell lirst married JMiss Mary 
.\nn Hoots, who w;is ,'i daughter of David 
Hoots, of a ( ierman faniil\-. C)f this m.arriage 
there are three children lixiug, all resiiling in 
l')ourbon township: llir;nn, John II. and 

, the wife of William W arnisley. 1 1 is 

first wife ilicd. ;ui(l onl'ebru.arx- !_:;. 1S31, he 
wedded .Miss .M;u'y I'deniing, wlio still survives 
him. She w;is born in Parke county. Indi.ana, 
;inil was ;i d;mghter of .Stephen atid Jane 
( Kerr I bdeming. ller father was born in 
b'leming countw Kentucky, ;ind licr mother in 
Pennsvbania. ller gi-:uid lather, Stephen 
I'leming, w;is ;i n,'iti\e of .Scotl;nid. and her 
grandfather, Thonias Kerr, was .1 native iJ 
Ireland. To C.ampbell ami .Mary i'dem- 
ing" Cami)bell were born three sons and one 
d;mghter, now living: Joseph A., j.-nnes 11., 
.\nnette, who is the wife of Albert Pliers, ip' 
Carrett township. ,and Stephen .S. .\t the 
time of Mr. .Mian's de;ith he owned .about 
tbirtv-t"i\e hundreil .acres of Land. .\t time 
it divided up between llu' widow ,and the 
chililren Mrs. C,ami)bell receivuig nine hundred 
•and twenty acres, .all in ISourbou townshi]). 
which she still owns. .She resides on the old 



Campbell homestead,. two miles south of Lester- 
ville. She is in lier seventy- f(jiirth year, ami is 
a .levont niemher of the. IVeshyterain church. 


T. \\'. S\vi.i;art, the leading harness dealer 
and one of the most successful business men in 
Newman and Douglas county, was born in Car- 
roll county. Maryland, in sight of Westminis- 
ter, Inly 3. 1831, and was a son of Joseph Swi- 
gart. When nine years of age T. W. Swigart 
remove.l with his parents to Seneca county, 
Ohio, where he spent a large portion of his life 
on a farm. From the years 184S to 1S51 he 
devoted his time to learning the trade of har- 

Indiana. where he resided and worked at his 
trade successfully up to the year 1870, when he 
went to Princeton, Illinois. There he met Miss 
Sarah Jane Martin, who, in 1871, became his 
wife. In the same year he came to Danville. 
Illinois, where he followed his trade until the 
month of February, 1873, when he came to 
Newman and succeeded Speelman & Ogdeu 
in the harness business. During his residence 
in Newman he has become one of the most suc- 
cessful business men in the city and has accum- 
ulated quite a lot of property. In politics he 
is thoroughly independent and there is very 
little of hypocrisy in his nature. He is tlior- 
oughlv candid and outspoken in his convictii>ns. 
He has served three terms as president of the 
town board. He has also been a member (if 
the board of health and director .>f the P.uilding 
& Loan .\ssociation. He is a Mason and mem- 
ber of the Knights of Honor. In his business 
relations with the i)ulilic he is unimpeachalMe 
and supplies the people for miles around wUh 
the most improved style of harness. He is 
a clever gentleman ;ind res])ecte(l by most every 


Fdward W. Calvin, the leading druggist 
and owner of both livery stables of Newman, 
was born in Wayne county. Illinois. December 
J I. i860. He is a son of Dr. J. W. Calvin, 
nessmaker at Bellfontame. Ohio. He was a who was born in Kentucky in 1829. and he 
vouno- man of good habits and of splendid me- the son of Hiram Calvm, who was a native 
dianical turn of mu.d ; he learned the trade of Virginia. His father was a graduate of 
„u,ro,ighlv and soon became a r.rst-class work- Rush Medical Cllege. He married Sarah 
nnn 'in 'the vear ,8.. he removed to Attica. Brown, of New But^-alo„ Michigan, whose 



(Icatli ficcurrcd sdinc luenty years ai;-o. He 
lias practiced at varinus places, was at Newman 
one year and is at present in active and success- 
ful practice at Toledo, Ohio. 

E. W. Cahin has for several years exten- 
si\elv engaged in l)n\ing and selling horses 
and has been remarkal)ly successful in all busi- 
ness enterprises in which he has been interested. 
In June, 1897, he opened out in the drug busi- 
ness and keeps on hands one of the most coni- 
])lcte assortments of drugs lound in a lirst-class 
drug store. 

In iSS() be was united in marriage to Miss 
iMunia Smith, of X'ernuliou county. They ha\ e 
one child, ( )l<;il McCrea. Mrs. Cabin is a 
daughter of Michael Smith, who was born in 
X'ermilion coiuitv, Illinois. Iler mother was 
Mary .Ann Snai)p. She was a danghler of 
Ceorge Snajjp. a nati\e of Richmond, \ irgini;i. 
lie was ;i carriagemaker bv trade and after 
working soiue time ;it bis trade in Richmond 
he remo\ed to (i^orgetown. X'ermiliou county. 
He was in the war of i8i_'. Mrs.Cah'in's 

gr.andfatber. Joseph .Sunth. was a nati\e of 
.Xaslu'ille. Tennessee, anil later reiuoxed to 
X'ermilion count}', where he resided until bis 
death. In about 1890 Mrs. Calvin started her 
]>resent millinery store in Xewnian and carries 
a stock as large and \aried as can be found 
in luany towns of from ten thou>aud to lifteen 
thousand ])eople. J'ldward W. Cabin has made 
a success of every l)usiuess \enlnre he has e\er 
undertaken. He takes an acti\e interest in po- 
litical ;nid social affairs and is ])nl)bc spirited 
and interests himself in c\erytbing that helps 
Newman and Douglas couiUx'. 

J.\C()1'. K. .MOORIC 

J.'icob Rice Moore, who recently died 
was one of the best known and most geuei'ally 
res])ected farmers in the county. His illness 
hngered and lasted for two loug years before 
death relieved him. There were jirobablv but 
few people in the neighborhood of Arcol.a and 
its surroundings who were aware that 
.Mr. .Moore at Ibe time of his death was one of 
the oldest residents of the county. lie was 
bom within sight of the ])l;ice 011 which he 
dieil and the same section of rich Illinois soil 
which claims the honor of his bii'tb witnessed 
bis rise to manhood and his gr;idnal ;id\ance 
ment to coinp.aratn t' old age. I'dr sixtv two 
\eai's he li\ed and lhri\ed on the s.ame f.arin 
where bis birth oci'nrred, when I )ouglas count v 
was unheard of and the old ]ir:iirie st;ite w;is a 
wilderness of .a few scattering bamlels. ISe- 
fore .\rcola was a dot on the map he was liv- 
ing on the farm where he died and he wit- 



nessed the swamp lainls of tlie county mature 
into the richest and one of tlie most fertile 
counties on the continent. He was one of 
tliose (|uiet. iniassuniing men who let the great 
world tight its hattles while he huilt a Iieauti- 
ful home for his wife and interesting children, 
lie was careful and economical and what he 
earned he sa\ed. Through this method of 
economy, his land interests bmadened out and 

he became one of the successful men in the 
business affairs of the community. It is said 
of Mr. Moore that during his entire life he 
was ne\er absent from his home more than a 
])eriod of thirty dax's at the most. 

Jacob R. Moore was born September iS, 
1836, and died June 2, 1S99, aged sixty-two 
years, eight months and fourteen days. He 
was married to Mary \\\ Bacon, of Bourbon, 
Deceiuber 31, iSf)2. To them were born 
se\cn children, whose uaiues are as follows: 
Kich.ird, (Jeorge B.. Rice J., Anna M., Wade 
11., I''.ninia 1'.. .S., and Leouore Moore. As a 
neighbor, Mr. Mocn'e was always ready to lend 

a helping hand and passed through the trials 
incident to the life of early settlers in what was 
then the far west. For years he was one of the 
vlirectors of the First National Piank of Areola. 
He helped to Iniild Bethel church, and lent 
\alual)le aid in organizing the congregation 
(hiring the fall of 1883, although not an active 
memljer : he and his wife became members 
October 4, 1884. and in June. 1890. he was 
raised to the dignity of elder. Mr. Moore was 
a man of strong, positive character and 
unswerving dignity, and in his death the com- 
munity in which he had so long resided lost 
a kind neighbor and a good c;tizen. and tlie 
church with which he had been so closelv 
identified, one of its strongest sta_\-s and most 
helpful members. 

Capt. Rice J. Moore, a son. \-olunteered 
in the Illinois National Guard, March 31. 
1894; saw field service in Chicago, in July. 
1894; appointed corporal July 10, 1895; 
ai^pointed quartermaster sergeant March 15, 
1897; commissioned second lieutenant Fourth 
Infantry, Illinois X'oluuteers, May jo, 1898; 
detached from Fourth Regiment July 2^, 1898, 
and assigned to Engineer Corps of the Sev- 
enth Arnn- Corps in 1898. He resigned his 
commission in the arm\- Xo\'eniber 9, 1898, 
and returned to the farm. 


George \V. Brock, one of the reliable and 
representative farmers of Newman township, 
residing within the corporate limits of the 
city of Newman, was born twelve miles south- 



west of Crawfordsville, Indiana, Sep,temhcr wIki was a most estinial)lc woman, died I'Y-h- 
8.1846. His fatlier, Seth Brock, was a native niary \(>. 1899. She was a devoted memher 
of Warren connty. (Jhio. lie was a carpenter ,,f the Christian church at Xewman and her loss 
liy trade and f;inned, ownin.*^- farms in was deeply felt in church circles. 

Mr. lirock owns one hundred and sixty 
acres of laud in Xewman township, .-111(1 three 
acres iu>ide the curpi irate linnt^ nf Xewman. 
Me is line of the useful citizens dI' Xewnrin 
township, carelul .and ]iriimpl in l!Usiii:sN, ;i:id 
.at his litime Cdurteims and hi iN|iital>le. 

\\a\iie and Mi int.L;i miery ciuintics; lie latei' 
reniiwed to iMason ciinnt\', llliui)is. lie w;is 
a strong' prii-sla\erv m;ui. and a memher of 
the Methodist h'.pisci " church; w,-i> hiiiii in 
181.^ and died in. 1873, He wedded .M.ary 
.\. I'.ilmcr. who was a (l;in<;htei" of Jesse I'.al- 
mer. ;i iiatixe of .Xnrtli Cai"i)lin;i. hut whn he- 
came ime of the early settlers of Indiana. 
Llijali liriick (grandfather) washnru in ()hiii. 
Georijc \V. Brnck w;is reared 1 m a l.irm 
and educated in the cuminon sclinuls. At the 
a.q;e ot sixteen years, nii accunnt nf a se\ere 
spell I if sickness, lie lust the use nf his ri,L;lit 
side, lie married ;it Caui]) Butler. .Miss Ma- 
liniki \';mhoi)k. dan.^hter of a;,d 
Matilda (Mann) X'.auhniik. and tlie result uf 
this uninii was mie child lixiiiij. Ada l.uc\-, 

I'R.VXCIS .\. McC.\K lA'. 

Francis A. McCarty was une uf the must 
remarkahly successful husiness men whn e\er 
resided in 1 )i luglas county, lie was hnru in 
.Schuyler cniint}-. Xew \'nrk. .\pril _>_:;. i8_:;7. 

,'md died .'it his Imme in l-'ilsmi. M;iv 1.1. i8()(). 

a.^■ell lifteen years, and three dead: I'liillip lie was a sun uf juhii ;mil Laura ( h't'ost ) Mc- 
L., Harry C. and Ethel Ellen. Mrs. Urock, Cartv, natives of Xew luii-iand. 



Charles AlcCarty, brother of Joseph Mc- 
Cartw was horn at Morristown. Xew Jersey, 
in 1776. and died in Montour, Schuyler coun- 
ty, Xew York, November 15, 1858, in his 
eighty-third year. J(.)seph .McCarty (grandfa- 
ther) was the father of John, Charles, William 
and Da\'id, was born January y. 1778, and died 
luly 25, 1845. His wife, Mary Harnerd Mc- 
Carty, was horn .Vugust 15, I774- 'i»'' '^^''^'' 
January 20, 1846. John McCarty (father), 
son of Joseph, was born May 1 5. 1805, and tlietl 
January 14, 1875. Josejm Frost (grandfa- 
ther) was born June 4, 1797. married Sallie 
McCarty, and died October 27. 1847. He was 
a son of Jo,sepli Frost, a soldier of the Revdlu- 
tion, wild was licrn May 22. 1 754. '»i'l '••*;*' 
I\iay j8, 1844, at Catherine, Xew York. He 
married Lucy Couch, a daughter of Jonathan 
Couch, who was married September 19, 1781, 
died April 8, 1843, '^n*^' ^^'--^s Ijuried at Cather- 
ine, New York. Ai)pended herewith is a cer- 
tificate from the Adjutant Cenerahs office of 
the state of Connecticut: "Hartford, Septeni- 
er II, 1895. T'''^ '^ ^" i-'ertify that Joseph 
Frost (grandfather of Francis A. McCart)) 
served in the war of the Revolution, and the fol- 
lowing is his service according to the records 
of this office; Private in Colonel Benjamin Hin- 
man's regiment. Discharged in northern de- 
partment September 1 1, 1775. Private in Cap- 
lain Flijah Abie's company, Colonel Philip 
P)urr. Bradley's regiment. Enlisted June lO, 
1770. Dicharged Xo\ember i(), 1777. Pris- 
oner at l-'ort Washington." He was a resi- 
dent until 1803 of Redding, Fairfield county, 
Connecticut, when with his family he removed 
to Schuyler county, Xew York, where he re- 
sided until his death. He and two of his 

brothers were made prisoners when Lord Howe 
captured Fort Washington, in November, 1776. 
They suffered great hardship in a British prison 
hulk in Xew York bay, and the two brothers 
died while prisoners. Joseph Frost was wound- 
ed in battle and received a pension up until 
the time of his death. 

Francis A. McCarty was reared and edu- 
cated at Catherine, Xew York, and also at- 
tended Lima ( Xew York) Seminary. Febru- 
ary I J, 1879, he married Miss Emma Young. 
of Binghamton, Xew \'ork. who was a daugh- 
ter of William and Caroline B. (Munder) 
\'oung. They were both natives (if Germany. 
Mrs. McCarty has in her possession a medal 
gi\en her grandfather. Jacob Munder. In' the 
King of Wurtemberg for faithful services 
in the field. To Mr. and Mrs. McCarty were 
born fi\'e children, all Ii\-ing: John William 
Fred, Laura Frost, Carrie Louise and b~ran- 
ces E. 

In i87(; Mr. McCarty came to Doug- 
las ci.iunt}' and settled in .\rcola township, 
where he bought a tract of land where he re- 
sitled on the farm until 1894. when he lo- 
cated in Tuscola. He had great energy and 
talent for organizing and conducting business 
affairs, and l)y his great natural al)ilit\' and 
indonntable perseverance attained a high [jroni- 
inence in the industrial and financial aft'an-s of 
Douglas count}'. At the time of his death he 
owned two thousand acres of land in Douglas 
county, fi\e hundred acres in Marion county, 
Illinois, and eight hundred acres in Missouri. 
These large estates are looked after by his 
widow, Mrs. McCarty, who jxjssesses in a large 
degree great Inisiness tact, fine intelligence, and 
is a hiohh' educatetl ladv. 



r.F.ORriF. \MI1TE. 

( jcc >i",!l;c W'liito. iIk' well know 11 iinplciiK'iit 
dealer and atictioneer of Xewman. was burn 
near (ilast^nw. Ikirren Cdnnty. Keninck}". 
Ans;nst 18. ICS4J. and is a sun nf M. L. an<l 
Mary (Ililiy) White. .Middlet.m White 
was horn in P)ai'ren c unity. Kenlncky. and 
mii\ed ti) luls.jar connty. Illinois, where he was 
iiiarrie<!. His wile was also frnni near ( ilasiL;i iw . 
Kentnck\. They are huth deail and hnned 
in the 1 'aris eenictery. 

(icori^e White eame to .Vewinan and 
located in hnsiness m ahont ,S;4. snice winch jv^,,,.,, .„„, .,,,,, n,,. ,,,,„„, \,,„.^. ,,, j,,^. ,.^,_ 

l>uhlic. lie has a pleasant home in .\e\vman 
and is classed aniony that town's best luisiness 

to Delia Clark, who is a nati\-e of Ken- 
tucky. Tliey ha\e two children: 1 lein-y \\'.. 
who will s;raduate I'l'oni the C'liic'if^o Home- 
opathic School of .Medicine in .March, j<joi. 
and l'"red. who is in business with bis lather, 
(jeoryc W bite has here held the ol'ticc of town- 
shi|) su])er\'isor an<l while he resided in Edgar 
county held llie same office. In \H(>\ be \'ol- 
unteered in I'ompau}- 1-",. Twelfth Illinois In- 
fantry, and ser\ed thr(pU!.;b the entire C'i\il 
war. During- the month of I'ebruary especially 
his .scr\ices are in great demand as a public auc- 
tioneer, lie is a member of the Kiutjlits of 

ji/DCh: j( )ii.v nuow.Nj. 

judge John I'.row n been for o\er si\t\' 
years identified with tlie best interests of Doug 
las County. He was horn in Ross cotintw 
( >hio, .Ma\' 7, iX_>_', on a farm, where he re 
mained until ihe age of se\enteeii. This farm 
was localeil on r.iint creek, two miles from 
C'billicothe. the counl\' seat of Ross coiinlv. 
Our subject is a son of .Xinirod lb-own. who 
was a nali\e ol Augusta eount\-. X'irginia, and 
tune Ins hnsiness has steadil\- grown until be \\i„, served in the war of iSij. His mother 
is known as one of ijic most siu-cessfnl and was. before her marriage, h.b/abelh lugel- 
c\leusi\e implement de.'ders in the entire bright, and was born in Monroe couul\-. \'ir- 
counly. He also hau<Iles the Mitchell wagon ginia. When our subject was but se\en vears 
and several makes of buggies and carriages. old his fathei" died, and bis mother, with three 
His sales run from .S_'5.(xjo to $_:i5.()()() anun- sons ami four daughters, emigr;ited to what is 
''".^'- now Douglas counl\-, in about iS_^S, and set- 

In iS_i4 Mr. White was united in marriage tied in what is lunv Sargent township. The 



Judge's paternal g^rand father. Wasliington 
Brown, was a Virginian by 1)irtli. At the time 
liis motlier located in Sargent township she was 
\ery poor, the oldest son. Washington, manag- 
ing the business. Land at that time sold for 
from four to six dollars an acre, but monev 
was very scarce. Tliis was in September, 1838. ' 
the date of his mother's settlement in Sargent 

Jntlge Brown married, in 1844, Sail}- Ann 
Barnett, wdio was a daughter of William and 
Mary Barnett, natives of Kentucky and early 

settlers in X'ermihon countv. Mrs. ilrowii 
(liefl in 1853, lea\ing one child, William R. 
Brown, who is a farmer residing in Jasper 
county, ln<liana. Judge jjrown subsec|nentlv 
married Mary Barnett. a double cousin to his 
first wife and a daughter of John M. and .\na 
Barnett, of X'ernn'lion connt}-, Mary having 
been born, however, in Bowdre township, 
'['heir t'amily consisted of six children, four of 
whom are li\ing: liright resides in Bowdre 
township; Charles 1""., in Camargo township; 

h"!l!a, who is at home; and Kate is the wife of 
W. S. Burgett. 

Mr. Brown was elected county judge dur- 
ing the war of the Rel)ellion and scr\ed in that 
office for four years. He is a stanch Republic- 
an, and the owner of about nine hundred acres 
of fine land. He is the oldest living settler in 
the fi\e eastern townships, .\mong some of 
the early settlers whom he intimately knew were 
Andy Guinn. Henry and Snowden Sargent, 
James and Stephen Redden, Ambrose and John 
Martin and their father John, Washington 
Boyce, Re\-. William Watson, a Methodist 
preacher, and his brother, Parmenus. 


1. W. I'lurgctt. deceased, was, during his 
residence in Douglas countv, one of its leading 
and most successful- farmers. From the time 
he was ten years old he spent the whole of iiis 
eventful life in Sargent township. He is a 
descendant of English and German ancestors, 
who were among the early res'dents of Ohio, 
llis grandfather was in the war oi 181J. His 
lather, .Abraham Burgett, lived in Pickaway 
county and there married Eliza Wells, a native 
of Ohio. He and his wife continued to li\e 
in that county, and there Isaac W. Burgett was 
born. The family shortly afterward removed 
{i< Imliana and settlecl in V^ermillion comity, 
near Perrys\ille, on the Wabash river. Here 
Abraham B.iu"gett followed the occupations of 
cooper and farmer. lie died in 1840, leaving 
lAc children. 

Isaac W. Bm-gett was born June 18, 18^9. 



When the t;uiiil\' removed to Douglas county of tiniher rind entered eighty acres on which 
they settletl near tlie mouth of Brushy h'ork. lie moved in the spring of i(S53, and at tlie time 
He went to school in tlie Sargent neighborlu)od of his death owned o\er one thousand and six 
and in the xicinity of Xewman. On coming liundred acres df land. lie hecame not onlv 

pruminent in farming, hut alsu an extensive 
dealer in li\'e stock. Mr. and Mrs. I'urgett 
had ele\en children : \\ ill am 11.. .Margery .\.. 
John Wesley, 1 lezekiali W'., h".hz;i hdlen. Sarah 
L;iizaheth. Scott. Wilson S.. Maud L.. Carl S. 
and Thomas 1'. 

\\dLLl.\.\l 11. .\h:\\ l'( )UT. 

William 11. .\'c\\ port, df the neighborhood 

ol \\ est 1\ <lge. ami nne <<( the must successful 

larmers in l)i.u;.;Ias cnuutw was horn in Tus- 

... ,. , , , , (.arawas CMniitw ( )hi(i, l'\-l)ruar\- (). 1S40. ason 

til I louglas CMU.ny h:s mother rciueil land, ' " 

and when a ir.ere hoy lie had charge of the farm 

and wiih a younger brother |)crfonned near!}' 

all the labor. This continu-d untd his inotlier\ 

second maniage. In the summer he worked 

at home and in the winter went to school. 

When alioni eighteen yjars of age he started 

cut loi- himself and w( irked on a farm for fi-oni 

eight to ten doll.irs a month. Two or three 

_\efu's were s|)ont in this waw 

December jX, 1S4S, he was ni.irried t<i 

Tetitlia Howard, a iiatixe of jacksun, ( )hio. 

whose ])arents had emigrated to X'ermillion 

county. Indiana, and then to 1 ) countv, 

Illinois. .\l this tune his c;i]iil;il cmisisted of 

tweiity-li\e dollars in mmuw and one Imrse, 

and on this he rented l.uid 011 llrushy l'"iii-k and of John and Sus;inn,i 1 Rcnsberger) .\'ew|)ort. 

began l"arming. renting land for two years. i;atives of ( )liio. 1 le has resided on his farm 

lie afterward bought, on credit, twenty acres of several hundred acres for thirteen years, 



and wliile he has always l)ccn a lonanl lie has 
been most successful. 

in 1S62 he was married ti) Miss I'^annie 
Mishler. wlin was horn in 'i'uscai'aw as county, 
(^hio. 'I'o their marriage have been born fi\e 
children, Charley. Israel, Eli, Otis and Grover 
Newport. Mr. Xew])ort is a member of the 
1. (). O. F. fraternity, and is now ser\ing; as 
line of the roatl commissioners of bis town- 
ship. He is liberal and bcnex'olent toward all 
enterprises for the betterment of the commun- 
ity in which he li\'es. 

period. George Black, with his family, re- 
moved from \'irginia and settled in Kentucky, 
some time before the war of 181J. He became 
a soldier of this war in a regiment of mounted 
rilleman and rendered important service umler 
the command of Gen. Harrison. 

With such an ancestry, whose character and 
f|ualities he reproduced an<l reflected, together 

uui;i-:Rr m. i'.lack. 

Robert ]\1. lilack, the subject of ijiis 
memoir, came from an ancestry of more than 
ordinary importance and prominence. 

His great-grandfather, with his family, re- 
moved from Scotland and settled in N'irginia 
soiue }'ears liefore the Rexdlutionary war, 
passed through the terrors and e.xcitement 
caused by the traitor .\rnoM in portions <if \'ir- 
ginia. volunteered, though far past the age of 
liability, for military serxicc, and was one of 
the soldiers, who. under Lafayette and Gen. 
\\'ayne, turned and (lr(i\e back Lord Cornwal- 
lis. He was intimately ac(|uaintcd with La- 
fayette, Gen. Wayne and Gen. Lord Sterling, 
who were frequent guests at his house. His 
youngest son, George Black, the grandfather of 
our subject, was born on the Sth of July, 17O7. 
He was nine years old when the Declar.ation of 
Independence was issued. lie was a son of 
the Re\-olution and saw and caught the spirit 
of most of the stirring scenes of that eventful 

with his own indixidual traits, we may under- 
stand the life of Robert M. Black, who was the 
ninth in a family of thirteen children born to 
Andrew and Margaret ( Lockridge ) Black. 
Andrew Black and his family left their home in 
Mt. Sterling, Kcnluck\-, and went to Green- 
castle, Indiana, in 1850. The life of Robert M. 
lilack dales from December 13. 1845. '" June 
I I, 1899. a ])eriocl of fifty three years of great 
activity and success. LI is Scotch blood, fired 
with the spirit of the Ke\olution, produced a 
fine type of .\merican p.atriot and citizen. In 
his boyhood days the future man already ap- 
peared. Obedient to [jarents. kind in disposi- 
tion, solicitous about the welfare and happiness 


of liis 1)nithcTs and sisters, .-md loyal and ini- and it was the real I'onndation of his many ex- 
sellish toward his pl.ayni.ates. he early dcvclo])fd cellent qu.alities shown in toneh with his t'el- 
inltj a true man. who was willins;- and anxious low men. Mis iovalty to his friends knew no 
to contribute his part to the world'-, proo-ress hounds. Every true man found in him a 
as a man and citizen. .\t the ag'e of sixteen he worthy and constant companion, ;md friend- 
enlisted in the Seventy-eighth hi<liana Kegi- ships, formed ni)on manlv qualities, were never 
ment and in his first battle, at L'nion City. Ken- broken. Mis large heart found pleasure in re- 

tucky. was wounded in the knee in the midst of sponding. in a substantial way. to the i r or 

;i display of uncommon bravery. \'et his those in temporary distress. '\\i help oiliers 
bra\ery proliably saved his life, since, while he was a real jileasure to him, ;md being interested 
was facing the enemy alone, his company being in those battling with adversity he w;is inter- 
in full retreat, the rebel commander ordered his ested in all. Me was progressive and public 
men "not to shoot so brave a ]>oy." Thus early sjjirited. and in no sense lived fi>r himself 
in life, under the most 'trying circumstances, .'done. Cheerfulness was his constant coui- 
a])peare(l sterling ([ualities which madv' p.anion and it never for^Mik him. althou'di .-ill 
him prominent throughout his entire life and others were gloomy. Me had ;i source of r.a 
endeared him with ])cculiar strength to his di:mce and sunshine that seemed denied to 
comrades, friends and ac(|naint;mces. 'i'he m.anyof his fellows. .Some four years before 
wound received shortly after his enlistment his demise he moved to this county on ;i l;n'"e 
greatly hindered him the rest of his days, but l.irm four miles north of ( )akland (itv, ;md be- 
was borne with the same cheerful bravery with mg a careful business man he m.ade money 
which it was received. and friends in his new home, and he .and his 
In I<S7_:; he was married to iMiss Mary f.amily were soon holding a large |>l;ice in the 
I iutchings. who lived but two years .afterward, allections and good-vvill of the entii"e comnnni- 
In 1SS9 he marrieil .Miss L.aura .Mmire, whom. itv. .\ community m.av with pard. ]iride 
with their tour children, he left at his death record the nanu' of so true and noble he.irteil 
well ])rovide(l loi'. Me vv;iseng;iged in I'.arming a citi/t'ii in its C( unlv history, 
and stock business, which took him out over the 
country and into the neighboring states and 
caused him to h.andle a v.asl amount of nionev. 
Mis business brought him in cout.act with men, 
and. on accoum of his fair dealings and sturdy 
sociability, he made many friends and exerted 
a great influence. Me was interested in poli- C. I), (ireve, one of the successful voung 
tics and was a stanch Republican. In religion business men of the couniv .and the leading 
he was a Presbyterian, w;is for many years a gniin buyer at (i.arretl. was born one mile west 
member of the church, ;md ;is a father care- of the village .^eplember .;-. iXCX, ;nid is a 
lully brought u]) his children, 1 1 is religion was sou of Thom.-is (ireve, who emigrated to this 
not toil sacred to be use<l in every-day affairs connlrv from Cermany at the age of Iwenty- 

C. I). c,Kr-:\'F.. 



one and settled in (iarrett township. His wife a thorough business man. enterprising, and 

was Catherine Rilz. Thomas Greve has hved promises to become one of Garrett's most useful 

in Garrett township for forty years, engaged citizens, 
in farming, and at present owns four hundred 

and fifty acres of land. I'oth he and his wife 
are members of the Evangelical church. 

C. 1). Greve was reared on a farm, and after 
lca\ing the common schools spent two years 
ill the X'alparaiso ( Indiana ) Normal, .\fter 
leaving school he engaged in the hardware and 
implement business and continued in the same 
for seven years. In 1898 and i8c)9 he was 
elected assessor. 

In .March, i8<)4, Mr. (ire\e was married to 
Miss Katie Fralim, a daughter of Jacob I-"rahm. 
1 hev ha\e four children: X'ictor, Hilda. Roy 
and Paulina. Air. Gre\-e is one of the charter 
members of the Knights of Pythias lodge that 
was recently organized at Garrett. He owns 
nine acres of land in the cori)orate limits of 
tiarrett, and also a very fine home in the vil- 
lage, besides some other town property. He is 


Isaac Skinner was born in Vermillion coun- 
ty, Indiana, January 5, 1829, and is a son of 
Jose])h Skinner, who was among the earliest 
settlers in the neighborhood of Xewman, com- 
ing, in 1839, from \'ermillion county, Indiana, 
and settling along the timber a mile and ;i half 
southwest of where Newman now is. There 
were no schools in the \icinitv when he first 
came to the county. He worked for bis father 
until of age and then engaged in farming on 
rented land. In about 1853 he bad saved 
money enough to enter one hundred and sixt\' 
acres of land. His mother, whose maiden 

name was Polly (jaston, was a daughter of 
Thomas Gaston, who lived in Meigs county. 
Ohio, and probably was a native of Canada. 



His father, Joseph, was horn in Maine. His 
grandmother, Sarali (laston, was hum on the 
St. Lawrence ri\er, wliile her jiarents were held 
captives Ijy tlie IncHaus. 

Isaac ."^kinner was reareil un a farm and re- 
ceived tlie limitetl school advantages that were 
comnn)n in that day. He was first ;i Whig and 
since the hirth of the Repuhlican party has been 
identified with that organization. lie h;i.s heen 
three times marrieil. hirst, in I'ehrnarv. 1H59. 
he married Miss Mahala Drake, wlm died in 
1S65. His second wife was Mrs. M.iry Hill, 
whiise maiden name was Lewis: hei- death uc- 
cnrred in i86q. I lis third wife was Mrs. 
Catherine Barnes, whose maiden name was 
Mell. He has {'we children, one, Rohert. horn 
of the lirst union, and fonr. Katie, Margaret, 
I'dvin .and Arthur, iiy the last m.arriage. Mr. 
Skinner owns three hundred and twentv acres 
of land adjoining the city of .\ewman, and has 
aliont retiix'd from active hitsiness ])ursuits. 
lie joined the .\letho<hst church in 1S3S. .\s 
a christian gentlemrm ;ind pulilic-s|)ii-ited citi- 
yx']). .Mr. .Skinner an en\i;ihle record, one 
n]ion which he and his friends can look with 
iiriile .and s.ati.sfaclion. 


-Alexander Hance. who is one of the ideal 
farmers of Douglas county, came to .Xewman 
townshi]) in 1871 and engaged as ,an ordinary 
tarni hand. ;it which he ciiutinued for some 
se\en or eight years. His career is a line e.\- 
amjile of what a man can do witii a determined 
]nirpose in life. iM-oin the ordin.arv walks of 

life he has gradually risen to the front r.ank as 
;i farmer, stock-raiser and a husiness man. 

Mr. Hance was l)orn in W .ashington coun- 
ty, Tennessee, Fehruary 19. 1S50. and there he 
remained until lie came to Douglas coinitv. lie 
purch;ised his first Land of three hundreil .and 
twenty acres in iSSg, paying thirty doll.ars per 
acre for it, .and has since added one hundred 
.and si\t\' acres, lie is a son of Mordecai .and 

Millie ( L.ackey ) I lance, who were horn re- 
specti\-ely in Xorth CaroIin;i .and east Tennes- 
see. His fathei-. who resided ;it Tompkins- 
\a'lle, Kentucky, \dlunteered in iNf)i in the 
Ninth Kentucky Cawalry. ;ind rem.ained out un- 
til the close of the wai'. I le w ith Sherman 
mostly, and w;is with Inm from Atl.iuta to the 
sea. He was ;i son of .Samui-j I l.ancc. who was 
horn in haigland. Alexander Lackey was Mr. 
llance's grandf.ather. .Alexander 
llance cai'ries on tanning on ,a \er\- extensive 
scale and leeds regul.arh- .ahout one or twi> htin- 
dri'd head of cattle. 

In 1S74 our suhject was united in marriage 



til Miss Xancv, a daiig-hter of John H. Biggs, 
who came to nortli Xewman townsliip from 
Edgar county in ahout 1H55. His wife (hed in 
1895. To them were horn seven chil(h-en : Bur- 
nette, Roljcrt, Myrtle, jay and Joseph. Hving; 
and (ilenn and an infant, deceased. His sec- 
ond and present wife was Miss Generva, a 
daugliter of W. H. Hoiton, of near Jefferson- 
ville, ln(Hana. Twn chihh'en have Ijlessed tliis 
union: Leon and Leonard. Mr. Hance has 
served as commissioner of ihgliways and has 
l)een a ruling elder of the Cumberland Presby- 
terian church, at Fairlield. since iHyj. 


Josejih Ashurst, princijial and superintend- 
ent of the Camargo public schools and present 
uominee of the Democratic party for the office 
lit county superintendent of schools, has been 
a leading educator in the county for several 
years. He was b(iru in .Somerset, Pulaski conn- 
tv. Kentuckv. .\pril 16, 1872. and is a son of 
llenrv Clav and Elizabeth ( Thurman ) .\s- 
burst, who were both born in Pulaski county, 
Kentuckv. His grandfathers. Henry Ashurst 
and Josei)b Thurman. were natives of \'ir- 
ginia and early settlers in Pulaski county, 
where they were engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. His father. Henry C. .\shurst. was one 
time sheriff of bis native county. 

Jose]ih .\shurst attended the common school 
and afterward the high school, and is largely 
self educated. In Douglas county he stands at 
the verv front rank as a successful educator 

and teaches in his schools at Camargo, beside 
the common branches, botany, jjliilosophv. 
zoology and algelira. Prior to his coming to 
Camargo, which was in September. i8g(;, he re- 
sided at .\rthur, where he located in iS()o and 
taught school in the country and subsequentlv 
was grammar teaclier in the Arthur schools, 
A\ hich position he resigned to accept his present 
one. hi 1894 be was united in marriage to 
Miss Lucy B., a daughter of Henry C. Wood. 

a retired farmer, of .Vrthur, but formerly of 
I\hjultrie county. Mr. Wood was born near 
\'inceuues, Indiana, in 1845, and is a son of 
F.h Wood, who was an early settler in Kuok 
county, migrating from Xortb Carolina. He 
V. as a soldier in Company !•", Eighteenth In- 
fantry, and served until the close of the war. 
His wife was .Miss .\nn .Sbultz. of Piatt 

Joseph Ashurst, because of bis high 
merit as an educator and popularity 
as a e-entleman, was chosen \)y the Democratic 


party to make t1ie race fm- ctnintv superintend- </). lie immediately entere<l npon tlie ])raetire 

tnt in the next election, and it is conceded that df his ]iroression at Belle\'ille. Illimiis. whtre 

he has most excellent chances of l)ein,!.;' elected. Ik- remained in acti\e jiractice toi- twd years. 

1 le owns ei.i^hty-five acres of land jnst south ol Then he remoxed to I'xmd connty, where he 

Areola; is a memhei' of tlie .Masonic anil ( )dd was located nntil 1S1J3, when, on the iJth ot 

h'ellows fraternities and of the Woodmen, lie ( U-toher. in the same year, he came to .\rcola. 

lias been retained in the L amar^O schools lor lie i-ame here with a lixed ])urpose of makin;:;" 

another year at (piite a good increase in salary. Areola and \icinity his held of wurk, rnid time 

therel^y showing to the people of Camargo has pro\en that he has made no mistake in his 

and rJotiglas coiintv that his work is ap])reci- location. He almost immediately got into a 

ated. Although the maioritv in the lall elec- paN'ing ])ractice, and within the last }ear he has 

tion is against him he has a lietter show f(.)r all the hiisiness that he could possihly attend to. 

election than any other candidate that the Dem- Dr. Moser is a sjjlendid judge of human 

oeralic part\' has put out in several years. nature, a close ohser\'er and skilled in the diag- 
nosis of his patients. AtTahle and ai>pi'oach- 
ahle. he has within a vei'y short time made a 
host of friends. ( )n 1 )ecemher 10, 
|8<S|. he was united in marriage ;md h;is three 

childi'en : l.ola, \ iohi and llatlie. 
GEORC.F. 11. MOSl-.R. 

George H. Moser, a well known and sue- 

cessful homeopathic ]ihysician of .Xrci'la. was 

horn in .Vulnirn. Schuylkill county. I'ennsyl- 

\ania. Deceml)er i<;. \^^f). and is the son of t . Mc(iO\VN 

jdhn .\losei'. a natixe of the same state. Ills 

mother was .\l\inia 1 lellig. who was a de- J. A. McGown, a most successful business 

scendant of Ouaker aneestr\ . The .\ loser fain- man and a t\])ii'al f.irmer residing in Xew- 

ily are descendants of the Dutch, w Ik jse lineage man township, w.ashorn in Ivlgar county, llli- 

is traced hack by some of the luenibers to nois, .March 30. iSj;_', and is a son of j, ihn and 

1 )aniel .\loser, who made his settlement in ( )li\'e lllacknian, who were natixes of Ken- 

I'ennsylvama in the year i'7<;9. ti:cky and .\'ew \t>yk respectix ely. His father 

Doctor .Moser came west a?id early in life emigrated to I'^dgar conntv. where he resided 

turned his attention to the stnd_\- of medicine, up to his death, which occurred .\pril 1 S, iHi<j. 

.After a thorough preparation he entered the I lis mother died in 1892. 

1 hmieop.ithic .Medical College ol Missouri, at |. .\. .Mctiown was reared to m;mhoiid ori 

St. Louis, which is one ot the leading medical :i faian in his n;iti\c' CMunl\- ;md in about 1875 

institutions ol the west, and was graduated located in .X' ti >\\ n^hip. where- he now re- 

with dislinguisheil honors in the class of 1 SSy- sides. lie owii.~, fdur hundi'ed and se\ent\- 



two acres of highly cultivated land and one of 
the most magnificent residences in the comity, 
lie farms on business principles and has made 
himself independent in a financial way by his 
careful and methodical way oi doing things. 
On November 22, 1881, he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Martha C. Todd, and to th.eir 
marriage have been born five children: Flor- 
ence, Olive, Grace, Arthur and Anne. 

Our subject has held the office of road com- 
missioner for nine years, and twenty-one years 
out oi the twenty-five he has resided in New- 
man township he has been school director and 
is greatly interested in the success of education. 
In 1898 he built his new house. He is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias and the Order 
of Woodmen. 


Within the past two years Tuscola has 
lost many of its oldest and most prominent 
citizens by death, but in the list none have lieen 
more sadly missed or sincerely mourned 
than our subject, John M. Madison, wlK)se 
death occurred Monday, July 13, 1896. He 
was born in Harrison county, Kentucky, May 
6, 1823, and was at the time of his death in the 
seventy- fourth year of his age. He belonged 
to a family of ten children; one brother and 
two sisters are still living: H. B. Madison, Tus- 
cola; Mrs. Harriet Parrish, of Cynthiana, Ken- 
tucky ; and Mrs. Parnielia Carter, of Wash- 

On September 22, 1851, our subject mar- 
ried Miss Jennie Rankin, at Cynthiana, a good 

and noble woman, who preceded him to the 
grave only a few years. To them were born 
Harry, Robert and Fannie, all of whom re- 
side in Tuscola, the two former composing the 
large clothing house of Harry Madison & Com- 
pany. In 1854 Mr. and Mrs. Madison came to 
Charleston, Illinois, where he opened up a store, 
and in i860 they removed to Tuscola, where 
Mr. Madison engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness, which he continued up to within two 
years of his tieath. For many years he con- 
ducted the leading general store in Tuscola and 
by his honesty and straightforward dealing 
with his fellrnv men prospered in a gratifying 
manner. He was a man of unquestioned char- 
acter and possessed the fullest confidence of all 
of our people. He and his wife spent the later 
years of their lives with their daughter, Mrs. 
Fannie Loose, who made it the purpose of her 
life to care for them and make their last days 
pleasant, granting their every wish. 


Owen E. Jones, one of the leading mer- 
chants of Murdock since 1893, and the second 
son of -Abram Jones, was born in Murdock 
township, January 31, 1862. After leaving 
the common schools, he took a course at the 
commercial college at Terre Haute in 1897. 
In 1899 Mr. Jones took in as a partner Percy 
Welliver, and the firm is doing a thriving 

In 1894 our subject was married to Miss 
Nora B. Dever, of Murdock, Illinois. Mr. 



Jdik-s is a nienihcr (if the A[o(kTii \\'iii"linen : 
l;c and liis wife arc nicnihcrs of the AlelhiKhst 
churcli ; lie is classed as one of the pm- 
gressive and successful business men of the 

William Junes, eldest son nf .Xbrani, and 
a well l<iiii\vn grain buyer and lidtel keeper 
of Murdock, was biirn in Newman townshi]). 
this county, .\i)ril 4, 1X5S, and was reared (in 
the farm one and (inc-half miles frcm Mur- 
doch. His edneatiiin was receixcd in the 
r.eig-hl)orho(i(l scIkkiIs, and at the ai;"e of twenty- 
one started in merchandising- at Hume, 
where he continued tn dn business for three 
}ears. In iSSj he entjaqed in the same line 
(il business at Murddck, and remained there 
until iXX(). In the latter year he, with Jdhn 
W. r.uri;elt, of Saro'cnt township, fdrmed a 
partnership in buyini^- n^rain at .Murddck. They 
Cdntinued Id dn business fur twd years, when 
the lirm w;is succeeded by I'red 1. Rush & Co., 
dl Indianapdjis, Mr. Jdues acting as the bu\'er. 
lie buys .about three hundred thousand bush- 
els of gr.'iin anuuallw which is purchased prin- 
cipally friim Murddck township f.armers. In 
October, iS()(j, he took charge of the Jones 
House, which was [jreviously mrm.aged by his 
father, .\liram Jones. 

In 1880 Mr. Jones was wedded to .Miss 
Victoria Dever, (if Clark Cdtnity. Illinois. 
They h;i\-e twn children, .\sher C. and .\ellie 
1!. I'rom |8(J3 lo iSi>8 he ser\ed as jiost- 
master at .Murdoch, and is now ser\ing his 
twelfth year as justice of the ])eace. He is 
a member of the .Modern Woodmen, and him- 
self and wife are members df the Metbddist 
church. He is one (if the subslruUial citizens 
who has ddue well his part tn add stabilitv to 
to the business .and social life (if .Mnrddck. 

.\br;un J(.incs, father (if William W. and 
Owen E.. was one of the early .settlers of what 
is now Douglas county. He came in the fall 
of 1853 and located on a farm southeast of 
Tuscola, where he resided with his cousin, 
( )wen Jones, until his marriage in 185:^. He 
married Miss Elizabeth Eagler, of Macksburg, 
Ohio. In 1857 he became a tenant f.armer 
in what was then called Coles county, and in 

18^13 mined to what is now known as Mur- 
dock township, D(.(uglas county, where be has 
lived since and become the owner of one hun- 
dred and twenty acres of land, which he has 
only recently .sold and retired from active 
business. He was born (Jctober 16, iHj(>. in 
M(.im-oe Cdunly, ( )lii(i, .and is a son of Samuel 
Jones. His grandfather, hlphraim J(jnes, was 
bdrn in W.ales, and his maternal grrmdfather, 
Patrick Ilannltdu, was burn in Ireland. 

To Mr. and Mrs. .Abram Jones were also 
born four daughters. (i) .Anna Belle was 
born Se|ilember 5, 1856, and became the wife 
(il Hugh .M. Wilson. I'd them were b(jrn two 



cliildren. one of wlioni dicil in infancy: and 
Marvin A. Mrs. W'ijsun died Jnne 2^. 1898. 
(2)Mary Frances was horn Xnxeniher 4, i8()0, 
and died January _', 1861. (3) Carrie was 
born N(:)\'enil)er 6, i8C)4, and on March [y, 
1885, became the wife of Samuel P.axter. 
Tlieir chikh'en were Samuel H. and Ciertrude. 
(4) Lulie lowen was born September 25. 
1867, and on September 4. 1895, married Jdhn 
Home. The death of Mrs. .\bram Jones 
occurred July 8, 1893. 


Captain David Bailey, of Tuscola, one of 
the best and most faxurably known citizens of 
the C(junty, was burn in Ldg'ar county, Decem- 
ber 24, 1845. 'i"^' ^^'"'■'^ reared on the farm and 
received his education in the W'estfield College. 
For some years he resided on his farm of 320 
acres in Murdock township. In May, 1887, 
with his familv, lie rcmoxed from his farm to 
Tuscola, wliere he resides in one of the beau- 
tiful homes for which this place is noted. 

In 1870 he marrieil Miss Eiizal^eth Cal- 
houn, w ho is a most estimable woman. '1 hey 
ha\-e two children, Gertrude and Edward. Caj)- 
tain Bailey is a Knight Templar in Masonry. 
and is of easy and pleasing address, \ery ap- 
proachable and a genial companion. He is a 
son of David Bailey, who was born in Salem, 
Kockingham county. New Hampshire, .August 
2, 1814, of i)Oor but honest parents, his father 
being a farmer and shoemaker, to which busi- 
ness most of the boys in that section of the 

country were brought up. There were nine 
children in this New England Ixime, three 
boys and si.x girls, and the story of their early 
life is only that which has been written of so 
many others, of hard work and of a few months 
only at the district school during the winter 
season. David Bailey had no further oppor- 
tunity for scholastic training. Indeed, while 
yet under twelve years of age he was put nut 
to W(jrk. After spending a nnmbjr of years 
on the farm Mr. Bailey found an opportumlv 
to enter a clerkship at Haverhill, Mas.sachusetts. 
but did not long remain there on account of 
poor health. He soon drifted into I'.oston, or 
rather to Charlestciwn, where he for a time held 
a clerkship in the state jiemtentiary. Late m 
the '30s he decided to fijUow the star of empire, 
and came west as far as Danville, Illinois, en- 
teruig a general store, and it was whde there 
that he hrst met Miss liannali .\. binlev. to 
whom he was married b'eljruary 9, 1841. ui 
this union were born ti\e children : three sons, 
Edward, president of the Champaign National 
Bank, of that city; David, of Tuscola, 
and Ozias. of Te.xas, who survi\e their 
father; and two daughters. Abiah, who died m 
childhood, and hue Bailey hlayucii, who died 
some years ago in W aco, Te.xas. 

-After spending some time working in Dan- 
ville, Mr. Bailey went to Blooniheld, Edgar 
county, walking all tlie way because he had not 
the means to pay coach fare, that being the on- 
ly mode of travel in those days. 1 here he took 
a pt)sition on a salary. Later, with his brother 
Ozias. who had recentl}- come west with a few 
dollars sa\ed. he formed a partnership, under 
the firm name of O. iS: D. Bailey, and the Bailey 
peddler wagons became well known all over the 




countr\' lietween the Wabash and Sangamon 
rivers. The brothers also operated a pork pack- 
ing establishment at Clinton. Indiana, i)n the 
Wabash, shipping their profluct by flat-boat to 
New Orleans. 

Abont 1855 J\lr. Bailey mo\cd U> Mmiti- 
celld, thence, after a short soinurn. to I'rbana, 
and in March. icS3(), he renimecl to L'hampaign. 
where for a number of years he successfully 
conducted a dry goods business in the location 
where now stands the Metropolitan block, oc- 
cupied by F. K. Robeson & ISrother. 

Aside from this Mr. I'lailcy was one of the 
original shareholders and directors of the b'irst 
National Bank, and it was largely through bis 
efforts that the charier was secured. The 
names appearing with his in the original arti- 
cles of incorporation were James S. Wright. 
John F. Thomas. William M. AN'ay. Hamil- 
ton Jefferson, B. F. Harris, John S. Beasley, 
Daniel Ciardner, William C. Barrett. Simon H. 
Busey, S. P. Percival, John (".. Clark and A. I*:. 
Harmon. Mr. Bailey disposed of his holdings 
in this institution some time during the 'jus. 
In l88_' he became one of the cliarter members 
of the Champaign .Xational I'lank, in which his 
hi ildittgs w ere always ci msiilerablc and m w hich 
he had been a direi'tor continuously since its 
organization. During .Mr. I'lailcx's I'csidence 
in t]n> cit\' he was several times elected to tlie 
bo.-u'd of ^uper\isors. .and also served one term 
as school trustee. lie was a public-spirited 
citizen, contributing liberally, yet wisely, to 
every worthy enterprise, whether secular or re- 
ligious. His givings were never ostentatious, 
liut it may be said in passing that among his 
gifts are numbered the lot occuiiied by the Bap- 
tist parsonage, be being a meml)er of that so- 

ciety, and the valuable ground now occupied 
by the city building. 

Mr. Bailey gave up his residence in Cham- 
paign about 1877, traveling for a season, and 
finally locating in St. Jose])h. Missouri, where 
he remained until after the death of his wife, 
in i87(). He then lived for a time in Xew 
\'ork City, and finally returned ti> his boyhood 
home in New Hampshire where he resided most 
of the time until his death, visiting his 1 ild hi mie 
and friends in Champaign freipientlv. .March 
2J, 1882, he luarried Miss Harriet 1 laseltine, of 
Methune, Massachusetts, and only twn weeks 
afterward followed her remains to the ceme- 
tery. He was again marrieil, on .Xovembcr 
I, i88f), at Salem, Xew Hampshire, to Mrs. 
.Mary 1!. ]m\ ins, who survives him. .She has 
olten visited here with him and has made manv 
warm friends, wIkjsc sincere symijalhy attends 
her in this bereavement. 

Mr. Bailey's new home in Chamiiaign, built 
on the site of the old f.amilv residence, had just 
been completed and occu])ied bv him, and it 
was bis intention had he lived to si)end the clos- 
ing d.ays of bis life <'uuid the scenes of his great- 
est successful activitv. .Mr. Itailcy was a man 
ot magiuhcent phvsical presence and it mav 
be truly said that he carried within his breast a 
soni worthy so splendid a b,-ibitation. lie 
Sought no man's praise, satisheil to luave the 
a]ipro\al of his own conscience, ;uid he was un- 
niov.'ible in his adherence to justice and right. 
Once his duty was m;ule ])l;iin nothing coitid 
swerve liim from it. '^'et under a stern exterior 
beat a great, big, kind heart, as those who knew 
him can best testify. He was a manly luati, 
;uid that means much. His, devel 
oped in the pioneer days, may not have take) 



on l1ie estlietic finish of these later times, but 
what it lacked in polish it made up in strength 
and integrity. The life and lab®rs of such as 
he have made possible the greater comfort and 
Ijeauty in the workl of the present. 

During the war of the Rebellion David 
Bailey, Jr., enlisted as a member of the Sixty- 
seventh Illinois Infantry, and at the close of his 
three months' term of enlistment returned home 
and in 1864 enlisted in the One Hundred and 
Thirty-fifth Illinois Infantry, serving until the 
close of the war. 


Albert E. Eidler is one of the self-made 
and highly successful young farmers and busi- 
ness men of the countv, and is a son of Levi 

father, Samuel, was a nati\'e of Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania, and was of Dutch ancestry. 
Adam Fidler (great-grandfather), who came 
originally from Germany, was the founder of 
this branch of the Eidler family in America. 

h'idlcr. who was burn April _'8, IcSkj, in Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, Albert F,'s grand - 

(])ur subject's grandfather, Samuel k'idler, 
fought ill the war of 1812, and his great-grand- 
father, Adam, in the war of the Revolution. 
Samuel h^idler was a brick plasterer and con- 
tractor by trade, and was married to a dauidi 
ler of Valentine Sbowalter, who was born in 
PennsyKaiiia and was descended from Ger- 
man ancestry. 

Levi h^idler was reareil to manhood in 
Lebanon county, Pennsylvania, until he be- 
came of age, when, in 1840, he emigrated west 
and settled in Union county, Indiana, and in 
1 86 1 located in what is innv Newman town- 
ship, Douglas count}-. He learned the car- 
[jentering business, at which he was engaged 
u\) to 1861, when be l)ouglit what is now 
known as the Thomas H, Smith farm, one of 


the finest in tlie couiitv. He kept this farm Malmninq-) cotinty, Ohio, i.f .Scoteh-lrish 

until 1885, when he sold it. In 1842 Levi origin. 

Fidler wedded Mary Ann Hessler, a native of Rev. James Wright (fatlier) received Ins 
Biiurhon townsliip and a daughter of Joim and e<hicaticin ft)r tlie Presbyterian nnnistrv at the 
Mary (Tliomas) Hessler, wlio were furmerly Canonshurg College, and spent most of his life 
of Kentucky. To Mr. and Mrs. I^'idler were in preaching the gospel, first at Poland, and 
horn the following children: John, Matilda, later at Westfield, Pennsylvania. He died in 
William J., Joseph S., Dan G., George \V., 1S43 at the age of fifty-nine years. His father 
Smith T., LaFayette, Sarah C, Levy Eddy was Alexander Wright, who was an early .set- 
and .\lljert F., the subject of this sketch. John tier from the north of Ireland, to W;ishing- 
S., William J. and Daniel G. ser\ed in the Civil ton county, lie married a Scotch girl bv the 
war. name of Esther Silco.x. Robert Kidd (grand- 
.Mbert V. I'idler h;is made it a rule in his father) was also a native of Ireland, was an 
life to do wh;it he does well. Commencing early settler in Trumbull county, Ohio, and in 
lile with comparati\ely nothing, bnl with a religious .'iffairs he was known as a Seceder in 
willing mind and heart, he has attained ;i de- 'hat day, niiw known as a Cnited I'resbyterian. 
gree of success in life far .aboxe the axerage. James H. Wright was reared in his native 
He is yet a comparati\ely yoimg man. and his county, ;md in 1 'ennsyh ania, receiving the ad- 
farm of two hundred and forty acres is one vantages i.if ;m onlinary educ;ition. In 1857 he 
of the most iiroductive and successfully man- came west and located at .\rcola, which ;it that 
aged in Douglas county. In i88_:; he was time contained but three, and was for 
united in lu.arriage to Miss -\nna Lewis, of several years engaged in farming in that vicin-, Illinois, to whom he is nuich de\'oted 'ty. In 1873 he commenced bu\ing gr.aiii at 
and who has been ;i true and dexoted wife to llindsboro. where he continued successfnllv in 
lum, 'fhey h;i\e the following children: business until 1880, \v1kmi he reino\ed to Ar- 
Mona .ind \\':iync. thur, where he has since resided, eng.agcd in 

buying grain for the firm of liarllell, Kuhii 

& Co. 

Jn 1848 Mr. Wright was unileil in m.arriage 

to Miss .Sarah b.. Rogers, who was a daughter 

J.XMES 11. WKlGiri". "f Samuel ;ind Sarah \\';iugli Rogers. She 

wasb(jrii in Xew liedford. 1 'eniis\ I v;iiii;i. 'flie\' 

James 11. Wright, one of the oldot grain li.ave se\en children:, who resides in 

buyers in the county, residing ;it Arthur, was Cairo: .Sadie; b'rank 1*^., who li\es in .\rlhiir, 

born the town of I 'ol.-ind, 1'runibull (now cng.aged in the lumber business: .S.amuel R., 

Mahoning) county, ( )hio. bebruary 'M8_>7,;ind a fariuer in South Dakota; bihii M., engineer 

is a son of James and M;iry (Kidd) Wright, of his father's grain elev.alor; Nettie, wife of 

who were born near I'ol.and, 'frumbull (now' G. H. Daniron, of Areola; and .\. K. resides 



in Springfield, Illinnis. 'S\v. ^\'l•ig•l^t has been 
an Odd Fellow since 1852, and has served as 
president of the town board of Arthur. James 
H. \Vright has passed the allotted three-score 
and ten )-ears of man. but, owing to his ab- 
stemious habits and goo<\ constitution, he still 
enjoys good health, and it is hoped that he will 
live for many years to continue the good which 
has been characteristic of his life. 


Charles \\'. Wilson, editor and proprietor 
of the Tuscola Review, was liorn fourteen miles 
west of Plainfield. Indiana, February 15, 1856, 
and in 1865 located in Tuscola. He attended 
school more or less up until fourteen years of 
age. In 1872 he entered the office of the Tus- 
cola True Republican as oftice boy. The paper 
was owned bv Charles Smith and was Demo- 
cratic in politics. Later he entered the office 
of the Tuscola dazette, which was edited by 
Hon. Leander B. Fester, now of Washington. 
Mr. Wilson remained here al)out one year when 
he went to the Review, then owned and edited 
by Converse & Park, who founded the paper 
julv 23,1875. In 1876 he went on the printing 
force where he remained for some years, d m- 
verse&Park were succeeded by the well-known 
writer. Col. Phecian, who was the editor for six 
months; the latter was known as one of the 
wittiest writers the newspaper fraternity af- 
forded. During this time he wrote a great deal 
for the Inter-Ocean, which kept him away a 
great deal, and this forced Mr, Wilson to take 

charge of the editorial tripod. Howard was 
succeeded l)v Major Asa Miller, who managed 
the paper up to December, 1892, when he sold 
out t(_) Charles W. Wilson, who reconstructed 
the plant throughout, buying new machinery, 
and to-day issues every Friday one of the new- 
siest, wittiest and cleanest county newspapers 
published east, west, north or south. Mr. Wil- 
son has a paid circulation of three thousand 
and there is little doubt but what bis pajier is 
read by twelve thousand people every week. 
His career as a newsiia])er man has been re- 
markable; commencing as the "editor's de\'il," 
he has become recognizefl as an able writer and 
all-round newspaper man. Within a year after 
be became proprietor the circulationof thepaper 
became double. As to the newspaper history 
of Tuscola, college Ijred men ha\e come and 
gone, whci were writers on different jiapers of 
the cit}', but ]\Ir. Wilson, who has educated 
himself, remains, and it is a fact that might be 
mentioned, that his paper, while Democratic, is 
jiopular among the Republicans, 

Mr. Wilson was united in marriage to 
Miss Christina Cosier, a daughter of the late 
Isaac Cosier, wlni was for twent\' years presi- 
dent of the Douglas LVmntv Fair. 


Enimor W. Jeffers, the present circuit clerk 
of Douglas couniy, wIk.) has occui)ied' that 
office since February 3. 1899. was born in 
Pike county, Illinois, November 19. 1861, 
He is a son of John C. and Elizabeth ( Mc- 
Kinney) Jefifers, both natives of Ohio, who re- 



iiKAt'd t(j Dmiglas count)' and settled in Ca- 
mari;i) t(_)\vnslii]) almut icS()4. His niotiier died 
in December. iS<;3, while his father resides in 
Bl(.)omington. lUinois. ( For further ancestry 
of tlie Jeffers family see sketch of George C. 
Jeffers, of Caniarguj. James McKinney, our 
subject's maternal grandfather, was a native 
of Ohio. 

In 1889 E. W. JetTers was married to Miss 
Carrie F. Hill, a daughter of ThdUias W. and 
Rebecca ( L'ntlerwood ) Hill, and as a result of 
this union they have two children ; \'illa and 

Since )8<;o Mr. Jeffei's has been secretary 
and kee]>er of records and seal of the Knights 
ot I'ythias lodge of Tuscola, and is alsd ])rouii- 

nent in se\eral other fraternal orders. He was 
nominated wilhnut o]i|)( isitii m at the Re])ril!>- 
lican ]irimaries held .March -'4. hjck), fur the 
same office he now occn]iics. 

The Tuscola Journal of Alarch 11. i8(;i>, 
says of Mr. Jeti'ers : ""Jn selecting Emnior W. 

Jeffers as their candidate for the oliice of cir- 
cuit clerk the Rei)ublican representati\es in con- 
\cntion Iiax'e soiced the sentiment of the peo- 
])le. Mr. JefTers is of that class of young Re- 
publicans who are enthusiastic in their su])- 
port of their ])arty. and while in the otVice with 
the late Major l)aniel .\. C'ouoxer as deputw 
lie became thoroughly familiar with e\er\- 
detail of the work ;md is in e\'erv way par- 
ticularly i|ualified to fill the position with credit 
to himself and party Ijesitlcs gi\'ing the ])eople 
entire satisfaction. 

"He is a nati\e of this grand state. ha\-- 
ing been born in Pike count}- on the Kjth dav 
of November. 1861. and about 1S04 he came 
to this county with his parents and was cm- 
])lo_\cd on his father's farm until he reached 
his majority when he started out for him- 
self, working by the month for twn _\ears for 
Nicholas Cooley. after which he secured a 
business education, attentling nights at the 
Terre 1 laute Business College. He graduated 
iroin that institution ;md went to IJlm pinington, 
Illinois, where he set'ured a good position in a 
grocery store where he was employed nearly 
two years, when he came to 1 uscola and ac- 
ceiited a similar position with Joseph |. Knox, 
lonnerl) of this cily. who was succeeded liy 
\'. M. Wardall M ( o. lie remained with this 
linn until he opened u]) a gi'ocer\- business in 
company with J. \\ Kerker in the building on 
Sale street, now occupied b\ T. |. ,Mid\ee. 
On account of failing health he was c< impelled 
to give up the store ;ind enter the real estate 
Inisiness, which he followed with success until 
January 1, 1897. wbcn he was appointed dep- 
uty circuit clerk by the late Major Daniel A. 
("onovcr. which |)osition he filled with credit 
and honor. 



"I'lKiii the death nf Mr. (."niioNcr lie was 
aiiixiiiUeil pniteinpore circuit clerk hy the 
judges of this district, and he will certainly l)e 
elected to suc.ceed himself, and till out the un- 
expired term of the late lamented Major Con- 


W. L. Watson was horn in Vermilion coun- 
ty, Jllinois, on the 22d of Decemher, 1837. His 
father was William D. \\'atson, in his early life 
an itinerant Methodist preacher who traveled 
extensively through Indiana, having been born 
in the neighl)orhood of Vincennes, and in Foun- 
tain county, of that state, married Mary Low. 
His health llnally failed him, and coming to 
Illinois, he located aljove Georgetown in Ver- 
milion county. William Watson, the grand- 
father, \\'as born in Kentucky, and when a 
young man settled in the vicinity of Vincennes, 

W. L. was the oldest son and second child 
of the family. His father came to Douglas 
county, then Coles, in 183c;. and located first on 
Drushy Fork, a short dist.ince west of Newman. 
.\fter a residence here of a year or two he 
mo\ed to Camargo, and afterward to section 
35, in township 16, range 9, where he resided 
till his death, which occurred in October, 1858. 
His wife sm"\'ived him till April, 1866. They 
had nine children. W. L. Watson was between 
four and five years oU\ when his father located 
southeast of Camargo. At this latter place he 
m.'iinly recei\'ed his education, partly under the 
instruction nf his father, who taught school at 
Camargo and was one of iiis first teachers. 

The old log school house stood about one hun- 
dred yards north of .\lonzo Lion's store, on 
the road leading north from Camargo. In 
the winter of 1849-50, and also 1853-54. he 
attended the Georgetown Academy, in Vermil- 
ion county, then having the best reputation of 
any school of learning in this part of the state. 
At the death of his father in 1858, Mr. Wat- 
son, as the oldest son, took charge of the farm 
and managed it in the interests of the family 
till 1862. 

The war of the Rebellion at this time had 
broken out, and in February, 1862, Mr. Wat- 
son volunteered. He preferred the cavalry 
service and being unable to enlist in an Illinois 
cavalry regiment, he went to St. Louis and en- 
listed in the Fifth Missouri Cavalry for three 
years. He was with the Fifth Missouri two years 
and a half, during which time he was mostly 
in the southern part of Missouri. In August, 
1864, he re-enlisted in the Thirteenth Missouri 
Cavalry, and served to January, 1866. He was 
a non-commissioned officer. At the close of 
the \var his regiment was sent out on the 
])lains to fight the Indians. While in Missouri 
he was in the campaign against Price, and in 
the l)attles of Independence and Fort Scott. 
,\fter receiving his discharge in January, 1866, 
he came home and commenced fartning on the 
old homestead. 


John C. Hostetler, who is engaged in the implement business, including 
Iniggies and wagons, and recently elected 
alderman from the third ward in Tusci-)la, w'as 



born in Douglas county, August 27, 1866, 
and is a son of D. C. and L. M. Hostetler, 
natives of Indiana. The father settled in 
Bowdre township some time in the "fifties, 
and died in Tuscola, in 1895, in the sixty- 
fourth year of his age. His mother is still 
living. Mr. Hostetler was married in 1889 
to Miss Laura A., daughter nf 11. C. Jones, 
whose sketch is found on another page. 
They have one child, Leon. 

Mr. Hostetler operated a planing anil re- 
pair shop previous to entering into his present 
business, which he sold out in i8y6. He was 
a member of the Masonic fraternity and the 
Order of Red Men, and is one of the popular 
and promising young business men of Tus- 


John L. Goff served as sheriff of Douglas 
county from 1887 to 1891, and at the time of 
his death, in 189-', he held the office of super- 
visor. He was married to Miss Josie R. Rice, 
a daughter of Martin Rice, deceased, of Ca- 
margo (see sketch). Mrs. Goff owns a half 
section of land, part of which is in Camargo and 
a part in Tuscola townships. She resides in 

in Areola township, was born in Montgomery 
county, Kentucky, .\pril 13. 1856, and is a son 
of Michael Cradihck and Catherine (Welch) 
Craddick, who were natives of Ireland. His 
father emigrated from Kentucky to Areola 
town.ship 1869 and died in 1890. His mother 
died in 1896. and they are l)oth buried in the 
Areola cemetery. Mr. Craddick's farm con- 
tains one hundred and fourteen acres of land. 
He has never been married. Socially he is 
very popular and in business one of the sub- 
stantial men of the township. 


George Warren Henson, deceased, was born 
Septeml)er 5, i8_'i, at Cynthiana, Kentucky. 
He was a son of Gideon and Nancy (Shumate) 


Henson. He was the eldest of a family of six 

Thomas Craddick. a typical Kentuckian children and of Scotch-Cierman descent. With 
and a self-made man, now residing on his farm his father's family he left the state of his na- 



ti\ity in 1834 and emigrated to Vermilion coun- 
ty, Illinois, and there remained until 1844, when 
he came into the section uf cimntry which is 
now Douglas county and immediately began 
the imprinement of a farm. 

He married .Miss Eliza P. Sargent, a native 
of Illinr)is. To tlu's union were horn eleven 
children, six of whom are li\ing, two son.s and 
four daughters. 

The county of Douglas, hy the death of 
Mr. Henson, I(.)st one of its most prominent 
citizens and honorable men. Politicallv he was 
a Democrat. He was a Mason, a pioneer of the 
county, and a man |)ossessing a spirit uf charity 
and enterprise. His death nccurrcd May 9, 
1881, at his residence near Camargo, Illinois. 


Frank W. Hammetl, cashier nf the First 
National Bank ni Tusc(Ma, and ime of the 
county's voung men df recngnized ability, was 
born (in a f.arm in Cauiargd tnwnship, Douglas 
county, Illinois, h'ebruary i_>. iSr,_>. (See 
sketch of his father, James K. llammett.) 
Mr. 1 l;imniett grew t(i ni;uilnio<l cm his father's 
larni and was princip.illy educatetl in the L'ni- 
versity of Illinois. For some years after leav- 
ing college he was engaged in tlie manufacture 
of tiling at Camargo and Long View. In 
March, 1891. he accepted the position of book- 
keeper in the I-'irst National Bank of Tuscola, 
and was promoted to cashier of the same bank 
in .August, 1898. 

He is a Knight Templar in Masonry ; is 

a member of one of the oldest and most prom- 
inent families in the county, and will undoubt- 
edly make his mark in the business world. He 
owns one hundred and sixty acres of land in 
N'ewman township. 


W. H. Hancock, who is one of the most 
successful broom-corn brokers and business 
men of Tuscola, was born in Chicago, March 
2t). 1864, and is a son of W. S. and Sarah 
(Bell) Hancock. His father was born in Ox- 
ford, Ohio, and his mother in Miltlintown, 
I'ennsylvania. His father is now living a re- 
tired life in Chicago. \V. H. Hancock was 
raised to manhood in Chicago and educated in 
the Cook county normal scIkmiI. His first 
position of any imi)ortance was that of con- 
ductor on the Pullman car lines, and he con- 
tinued as such for seven years, running over 
thirty-six ditferent railroads. For seven years 
lie was engaged in the broom-corn business 
with his father in Chicago. 

In j.inuary, i8()5, he was married to Miss 
Tillic ISrogan, a highly accomplished vtnmg 
lady of Muscatine, Iowa. They ha\e two 
children, John Henry and May. 

In 1899 1^^ associated himself in jiartner- 
ship with \V. .\very Howard (a notice of 
whom is found elsewhere) in the broom-corn 
brokerage business with their office in Tus- 
cola. The firm is one of the most active and 
responsil)le engaged in the business. During 
the last vear thev handled about fifteen hun- 



(Ireil lims nt lu'Dcim corn. lie and liis w\ic 
sluiul lii.t;"li in tlie sucial (.■irrles ol Tiisciila. 
where ihev expect In make their future hniiie. 


Wilhani A. Wiseman, a well kiKiwn physi- 
cian i)t Camart;!!, where he has heen in success- 
tiil practice for se\'eral years, was hor-ii at 
WatcrliKi, Lawrence CDiintw ( )hi(), January 1, 
1S53, anil is a son nf Aimer ami Martha J. 
( Irwin ) Wiseman. I lis f.ather was a native i>t 
\'ir,i^ini;i and his mnther nt' ( )hiu. Wise- 
man's yrandfather was alsw Ixuai in \'irL;inia 
and his maternal qrand lather, (ienrj^e Irwin, 
was Imrn in \ ir<;ini;i. 

I )r. Wiseman w;is reareil in his iiati\e Cdiin 
t}', where he .attended the puhlic schmls and 
sul)se(|uently, in 1S7X, hecame a student at l)e- 
Pauw L'ni\-ersit_\-. where he purstie<l a rei^ular 
college course for three years and a half. In 
1882 he ccimmenced the study of medicine in 
the cjffice of Dr. C. I'atterson and in 1NS3 went 
to JetYer.son Medical College, I'hiladelphia, and 
was graduated therefrom in the class of j88'). 
\\ hile at Philadelphia he took s]K'cial courses in 
skin diseases and also in g\-necology and gaineil 
practical experience at the l'hila<lelphia L}'ing- 
in Hospital. In the sjiring of jSSO he located 
at Camargo in the practice of his profession 
and here he has huilt up a successful ])r;ictice. 

In political oi)inion the Doctor is a con- 
sistent I'rohihitionist, and is also a member of 
the Modern Woodmen .and C'ourt of Honor. 
In 1S75 he was m.arried to .Miss l''.nim;i C. Car- 
rel' of Dennis'.n, ( )hio. The}- h;i\e three chil- 
tlren: l-Aa C. ( )mer 1). and .\led;i .\. 

IRA .\1. ML'LLIKI'.X. 

Ira M. Mullikeu, junior niemher (if the well 
known linn of llarr i!v .\lulhken :Mid one of the 
rising young husiness men of .Xewnian, was 
liorn in ('h.nmp.iign couiUw Illinois, Decem- 
ler 17, iSf)3. His f.ather, James W. .Mulli- 
keu, was .a native of Johnson county, ludian.a. 

,and removed to ( h,im]iaigu count v in ;iliont 
|S3_'. His mother, Calhernie, ,1 il.iughler 
o! Rev. Saninel \\ Miller, who \\:is hi irn 111 
1X15, and ;it present ix-sides in Areola. ( ,^ee 
sketch of W . 1 1. Hush, of 1 lindshoro. ) In 
ah(.ut iSo.S the f.ither of I. .\l. Mnlliken re- 
moved to ,a farm near I lindshoro, v\ here the 
l.'itter remained until he .arrived ;it the ,'ige of 
twentv-oue vears, when he went to .Vrcol.a to 
reside, .and there worked at the c;ii|)eiiter's 
trade. He attended Lee's academy at l.ox.a, 
Illinois, for six months, ilu-n snlise(|uentlv .at- 
tended tin- emhalining colli'm' :ii Indianapolis, 
kroiii l8<>_^ to June 1, iSijO, he w.i> .1 nieiuher 



of the undertaking;- linn i)f Alike, Miller iH: 
Co., at Charleston, Illinois. In the latter year 
he removed to Newman to accept a partnership 
with James Barr (see sketch). 

On Septemher 4. 1893, he was married to 
Miss Ida A., a daughter of John W. .\llison, 
of jVrcola. Tliey have one child, a daughter, 
Frances Marie. He is a memlier and nohle 
grand of the I. O. O. F. ; elder in the Christian 

church, and superintendent of its Sunday 
school. He is also chief patriarch of the 1. O. 
O. F. encampment; memher of the Alasonic 
fraternit_\\ ruid clerk of the school hoard of 
-Xewman. The lirm of Barr & Mullikin own 
two large stores in Newman, Mr. Barr super- 
intending the fttrniture and undertaking estah- 
lishment on the west side of the square, and 
Mr. Mullikcn manages the hardware and tin 
shop and does the undertaking work on the 
north side. They carry a large stock and do 
(|uite an cxtcnsi\-e husincss, drawing trade fm" 
miles around them. 


.Mbert W. Wallace is president of the Firsv 
National Bank of Tuscola, one of the leading 
hanking institutions of central Illinois. The 
hirst National P>ank was organized in Novem- 
lier, J 869, with a paid up capital of one hun- 
dred and thirteen thousand dollars. Its first 
president was William P. Cannon (a brother 
of Congressman J. G. Cannon) and W. H. 
Lamh was the first cashier. Mr. Cannon re- 
mained president until 1872, when he was suc- 
ceeded by Henry T. Caraway, who remained 
])resident up to January i, 1898, when he was 
succeeded by Mr. Wallace. Mr. Lamb re- 
mained cashier up to July i, i898.wdien he was 
succeeded by the present cashier, F. H. Ham- 
mett. The bank was reorganized in tj\e fall of 
iS()0 and the ca])ital stock reduced to sixty 
thousand dcillars. The directors of this bank 
are among the wealthiest men of the county. 

.\. \\'. Wallace, who has jjeen connected 
with the I'^irst National Bank for vcars, is a son 
of Andrew (i. W'.allace, whose death occurred 
iri July, 1878. The ancestry of the Wallace 
family is traced back to Scotland. Andrew 
G.'s grandfather emigrated from Scotland to 
Ireland, and from there to .America, settling 
in Pennsylvania near wdiere the three states 
of Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania came 
together. He had five sons, three of whom 
mo\ed away from their Pennsvhania home. 
( )ne of these was William Wallace, the y<iung- 
est child, who came to Hardin county, Ken- 
tucky, and from there removed t(T Davis coun- 
ty, Indiana, where Andrew G. Wallace was 
born M.arch 31, 18J4. He was the second child 
by his father's .second wife, wdiose maiden name 
was Vashti Winkler. When two vears old his 


father moved fnnii Davis CDiinty to X'ennilliMii he said lo have l)ecn the i)rime nmver in the 

county, IiKhana, and tiiere settled down as a project. The petition presented to tlie Lej^'is- 

fanner. After a residence of al)out ten years, lalure (hiring- the session of iS^.S-c), in yain- 

tlie family, in 1S33 or 1S34. came to Coles ins;- which the hill was passed ort^anizint;- the 

county, and located on (iresey creek, just county, was drawn np hy Mr. Wallace, lie 

south of the line which now divides l)ou!;ias suhse(|uently used all his inlluence to secure a 

from Coles county. The country was thinly fa\orable vote, on the question hein,!:;- snhmit- 

settled hoth in Vermilicin and Coles counties, ted to the people of Coles county. In the sprin.t;: 

where Mr. Wallace's Iwyhood was spent, and of 185S he was elected justice of the pence of 

hut .scanty adv;uitai;-es were afforded for oh- Tuscola, the hrst ever elected in the town. In 

t.-iiuint;- anything' like a o-iH,d education. He the year of 1859 he was elected lirst circuit 

was compelled to rely mainly on his own re- clerk of the county. To this position lie was 

.sources, but his quick perceptive faculties and re-elected in i8r)0, aRain in 1864 and asain in 

industry enabled him to pick up a larqe amount 1808, thus serving' lour consecutive terms, per- 

of inforni;itiou, thus fitting him.self for the forniiug the duties of the oflicc to his own 

duties of his after life. In 1841 the family credit and the satisfaction of the i)eople. In 

moved north, in wdiat is now Douglas county, June, 1859. he was rqipointed master in cliaii- 

and kept the widely known "Wallace stand," eery, a jiosition which he still holds. I'or the 

west of Hickory Grove, which received its n;inie hist twelve years Mr. W;dl;ice has been exlen- 

froiu the faiuily. In 1842 his f;ither died. Mr. si\ely eng;iged in the niouey loaning ;ind real 

Wallace was then in his eighteenth year, and est;ite business. [ ie possesses a complete set id 

the charge of the f.amily fell upon him, his abstracts and h;is e\ery facility for the tr;ins- 

older brother having previously left home. He action of business in that line. Mr. \\;ill;ice 

remained on the liomestead and continued to was one of the pioneers of Tuscola and one ol 

f.arm until 1854. On Xovember 22, T845. he the founders of the town. With one exception 

luarried Harriet Iv lUisliy, a native of (3hio, he is the oldest resident, lie was the lirst per- 

whose family had come to Illinois in i83f). .At smi in the town who could ?,ing ;i religious song, 

this time his younger l)rothers ;uid sisters were the other iiili;ibitants in some w;iy being dc 

grown u]) ;ind were .able to take care of theiu- licient in their musical ac<|nircinciits. Mr. Wab 

selves. I lis mother died in 1848. In 1854 Mr. lace and his wife, with Mr. Thomas \\'oo<ly 

\\\'illace removed to Camargo ami began busi- ;iiid bis wife, org.anized the .Melliodist church 

ness there as a cattle dealer. After a residence of Tuscola, of which he was ;i laitblul and 

of four vears there he rcnioNcd to Tuscol.a, then consistent member and lor a long |)eriod class 

just springing into existence, the fourth lionse leader. To his exertions largely due 

indeed having been built by Air. W;illace him- the building of the present church edihcc. I'or 

self. Here he kept a hotel for about two years. twentv-five ve.ars in all .Mr. Wallace served the 

I'roni the inception of the pl;ui of forming a jieople in \'arious cap;icities — sufticient evidence 

new county out id" the north of Coles, .Mr. of his popul.irit\- ami the coiilidence reposed in 

Wallace was deeply iuteroted in it, and he may l.ini as an honest and faithful oflicer. He 



I'.ad ten cliildrcn. all of wIkhii are lix'insr. In 
liis yiiunt^er ilays he was a Whig'. On the dis- 
sokition of thai pai-t)- he hecanie a Republican, 
and was as steadfast in his adherence to 
the i)rinciples of that i):irty as he was en- 
thusiastic in its supiiort. During the war he 
was active and liheral in the su])i)ort of the 
Union cause, sacrificing hoth time and money. 
l'"ew men were more closely associated with the 
progress of the county, and few were hetter 


Henry Clay Jones, the aft'ahle and genial 
treasurer of Douglas county, was horn in 
Franklin county, Indiana, December 2, 1842, 
a son of Cabin and Hannah (Case) Jones. He 
was reared to manhooil in his native county, 
and in iSf)0 remo\-ed to Douglas county. In 
1862 he joined Company K. Se\'enty-ninth Illi- 
nois Infantry, and served as a ])rivate soldier 
in the Civil war until June 12, 1865, when he 
was honorably discharged at Nashville, Tennes- 
see. He was wounded in the leg in the battle 
of Liberty Ca]). which prevented him from 
keeping up with his regiment until the battle 
of Missionary Ridge, in which he ])articipated. 
During the time between the battles of Liberty 
(iap and Missionary Ridge he caught cold in 
the wound and was continetl in the hosiiital 
ft)r three months. After his release he rejoined 
his regiment and was with it in every tight un- 
til the close. .Vfter the war Mr. Joues returned 
to Douglas county and engaged in farming, 
at which he continued for six years, when he 
removeil to Arthur and Ixnight grain. He then 

returned to his farm where he remained until 
i8()4, when he became the deputy under his 
half-brother, James Jones (see sketch), who 
was then serving as county treasurer. He con- 
tinued in this positiou during the regidar term 
of four years. In the fall of i8y8 he was 
elected to this office, when his half-brother, 
James, became deputy treasurer. 

On February 25. 1866, Mr. Jones married 
Miss Harriet E. York, wlio was a native of 
Ohio, and a daughter of Abner York. To their 
marriage were born three daughters : Eliza- 
beth, \\ife of R. C. Hostetter. of near Marshall- 
town, b)wa; Laur;i, who is the wife oi John 
Hostetter, a brother of R. C, and resides in 
Tuscola, and Nettie. Mrs. Jones' death oc- 
ciu'red in 181)7. Mr. Jones is a mem])er of the 
( irand Army of the ke]niblic. also ;i member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. He owns a 
beautiful farm of two hundretl and fifteen acres 
just south of Tuscola. As an official and an 
every day citizen Mr. Jones" record in Douglas 
county is unimpeachable. His word is etfual 
to his b(.)nd, which can l.)e said of few, in this 
ruml:)ling, blundering age of the almighty 


lames ,\. Williams, who lias won his own 
way in the world and reached a degree of suc- 
cess J)eyond the average of men at his age, was 
born in Monongahela City, Washington coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, August i, 1862. He is a son 
of John S. and Elizabeth ( \'an Vorhis), na- 
tives of the same county. James Williams wed 
ded Nancy Yan Allen and they were among 


the carlv sclllers nf W'asliins^'ti 111 county, the tucky, Scpteinhcr ir, ]X_>-, and is a son of 
latter having;' lieen liorn in .\lk'i;licnv county, SaniucI C. ( iill, who was a son of C 'a])l. 1"lioinas 
I 'cnnsyisania. His orandfaiher, Aliram \'an (iih, a Rexohilionary solih'cr and a son of tlic 
Vorliis, was one of tlie early farmers of that lri^h waif (see history of the (iill family in 
section and also traded in stock considerahly. America, liy Thomas V. (iill). Samuel ('. dill 
] le was of Holland extraction. • was l)oi-n in the state of South C';irolina No- 
James .\. Williams grew to manhood on ;i \embcr 2 J. 1783, and was reared on a farm, 
farm .and ne\er attended school after he reached lie was weilded to Sarah Malone, a daughter 
the age of thirteen years; at that age his mother oi Jonathan and Alary IMalone, the latter of 
(Med and he was ihroAvn upon his own re- whom li\ed to he ticarly one hundred years 
sources. In about 1S85 he decided to try his old. The family came from Tennessee and set- 
fortunes in the west, and after arriving in I Hi- lied in Montgomery county, Kentucky, later 
nois settled in Tuscola township, where he he- remo\ing to Boone comity, Indiana, where she 
came a farm li;md ; at this he continued until died. Srmiuel Ciill and wife were \'cry poor, 
he was twenty-two years of age. By industry their stock of goods consisting of one hay pony, 
and good management he now owns two Inm- '"ic dollar in money and a feather bed. They 
(ired and forty acres of well impnned land in ]>ack-ed all on the back of the pony and settled 
Douglas county, for which he has been offered iii I'.ath county, Kentucky. 1 le built a mill, one 
eighty-five dollars ;m acre. Subsei|uentlv he "I t'lc first built in th;it section. lie after- 
bought the store at West Ridge, which he sold ward entered large bodies of land in Putnam 
to \V. H. Fry in December, i8i)';. I fc pre- .Montgomery, Boone and Henry counties, In- 
viously owned one at .\llerton, which he bought diana, .'unl also entered several tracts in what 
in 1S94 and sold in the following year. i^ ii"\v Douglas county. It looks ;is if this old 
In .September, iSSO, he muted in m;n-- gentleman loresaw e\erytlnng and selecteil the 
riage to Miss .\my .\lc(ir;ith, and they have < ''('»'c (/<■/</ (Ti7«(- of the laud. I le became very 
three children : Ida, I'h.arles ;md ICarle. Mr. !>rosperons. I'or twenty-five years he served as 
W illi.ams resides on one of his farms, ,-i short .itistice ol the peace, ;md by \irlue n\ (hat office 
distance south of West Ridge, where he gives '"-' was .also one of the justices of the P.-ilh 
his pei'son.-d super\ision to its eounty court. His first wife died in i.^..|7and 
lie is .a member of the Modern Woodmen of "' 1841; he married b'.liz.-ibelh Reed. In about 
(am.argo, and a Re[(ublic;m in politics. 1845 S;imnel ('. (iill s.ild the ol<l null, but stip- 
ulated in the deed that the pl.ace should ever be 

known as (iill's Mill. 

Shilo.ah (iill grew to mrmliood on the farm 

SHTT O \IT r'll r ''"'' ^^''''''' -'dtending school Nolnntet'red for the 

Mexican and was soon o|-iIcre<l to the 

Slnloah (iill, ;m old Mexican solilier. .and fiont. lie in the r.anks of ('.a])t. |,ames 

one oMlie pioneer .settlers in I'.owdre township. living ,ani| ser\ ed ibrongb the whole war. born at (iill's Mills, lUith conntv. Ken- h.andling .a musket in m;mv .if the i)riuciii,al 

17 ■ .11 



batik's nf tliat conflict. He was in the ranks 
when (ien. Scott marched triumphantly into 
the city of Me.xicd, and after the treaty of jieace 
of Hi(hilg-o, (iua(hdi>u|)c. he returned home with 
liis regiment hy way of the (hilf of Me.xicn t> 
New Orleans. 

On October 2. 1849. Mr. CM married Sarah 
Ann, a daughter of William .\nderson, of Hath 
county, Kentucky, where they remained until 
1S54. when they emigrated to Douglas county 
and settled im three hundred and twenty acres, 
where he nriw lives, and which was deeded to 
him b\- his father; he has since added two hun- 
dred and si.xty acres more. His wife died about 
1872. His second wife was Eliza Kensil. Her 
death occurred in 1874, and he was again mar- 
ried, September i, 1875, this time to Mrs. 
Sarah (IJodge) Coots, who was liorn within 
six miles of Hamilton, Butler county, Ohio. 
The hospitality of Mr. Gill and his wife is well 
known and highly appreciated. 


It is fitting that in tlic biograiiliies of the 
earl}' settlers of the county some mention should 
be made of Harrison (iitt, who entered among 
the lii'st land here and lixed near Camargo. 

The grandfather of Mr. (iill was born in 
Ireland, lie came to .\merica and settled m 
X'irgini.'i. liis son, .Samuel Cresswcll Gill, re- 
mo\ed from X'irginia to Kentucky and settled 
in llath county. Here, on the Licking ri\-er, he 
built ( iill's mills, a noted point in i)art of 
that st.ate. lie married Sarah Malone. bv 

whom he had a large family fi children, of 
^.\hom Harrison CJill was the oldest, born in 
June. 1808. 

On arri\-ing at the age of twenty-one lie 
found himself in possesion of a few hundred 
dollars, which his father advised him to invest 
in western lands. He accordingly traveled on 
horseback to Illinois, first to his uncle, Thomas 
(jill, in Cumberland county. He found his 
uncle busy shingling the roof of a house, and 
he told young Gill if he would help him finish 
the shingling he would go with him to Coles 
county in search of land. The first point above 
Charleston where they found any one living 
was Major Ashmore. at the mouth of Brushy 
Fork. North of that he came to an Indian 
camp, a French and Indian trailing ])oint, 
where Hugo, or Bridgeport, now is. His uncle 
mischievously informed the Indians that Gill 
was a young Kentuckian wlnj had come for the 
|)urpose of taking to himself an Indian wife. 
He selected his land, the northwest quarter of 
section 35 and the west half of the southwest 
quarter of the same section. The railroad res- 
ervoir, cast of Camargo, is now on these tracts. 
He returned innnediately to Palestine and made 
his entry. The ])atents for the land, now in 
the possession of George C. Gill, of Camargo, 
were signed on the 8th of March, 1830, and 
bear the signature of Amlrew Jackson. This 
w;is the first land regularly entered in the ter- 
ritory comjxising what is now Douglas count v. 
Most of the land is still in his possession. He 
returned to Kentucky soon after selecting the 

-At the age of twenty-eight he married 
Georgia Ann Landsd<iwne, a native of X'ir- 

Mr. Gill was elected slieritt of H.-itb conn- 


t_v, Kentucky, in iSfio. and fmm 1862 to iS(')4 council and was chairman of llie lioard. Hi, 

was jud,L;c of the omnty court. niotlicr died in iSf>j. and his father ihed wlien 

In early life Mr. (nil was a Wdiii;-. On the Mr. .Monahan was onlv three mouths old. I Ic 

hreakiui^- out of the war he became a Union is one of the old landmarks of Areola, ha\in"- 

man. JNIainly through his instrumentality the resideil here nearly half a cenlui-y, and is um- 

Twenty-fourth Kentucky Regiment was re- \ersally respected hv e\eryl)ody. 
cruited at the Springs in i86j. In tlie fall of 
the same year the Springs was also the head- 
tniarters of Gen. Nelson, who ordered all the 
home guards of Kentucky to rendezvous at 

that point for the defence of the eastern jjortion W.\i TFR C CI \1 \' h' 
of the state. 

i'"rom the fall of \><(>^^ to the fall of iH(>() Waller t'. I'.laine was gradn.aled the 

Mr. Gill resided near Keinncky, h.aving heen I'niversily of renns\lvama, ;it i 'hiladelphi.a, 

driven from his home on arcouin of his I'nion in the class of \Xi)^. lie coinmencnvl the 

sentimenls. lice at .Mnrdock. where he reni;mie<l nnlil ( )c- 

toher, i,Si;S, when he f. .rmed a partnershi]) 

with Dr. \\"illi;nn \\. Rice, of Tuscola. 

Dr. illaine is a native of Ghamp.iign, llh- 

P. II. MON.MIAN. "'>'-^' •■""' ^^■^i'^ '"'HI June _>, i,S(,(.. lie gr.adu- 

ated from the (_'h<am])aigu high school, an,! after 

P. H. Monahan, the f.alher of the hroom f. -ur years attendance was gnidu.iled fn,ni the 

corn interests of Areola an.l ,a highly esteemed Gniversity of llhuois. at (.hamp.ugn, on cer- 

cilizcn of that place, was horn in onnUy Gal- tilicate. He is a memher of the Kni-hts of 

way, Ireland. IThruary uj. 1S37. His parents Pythias, memh.M- , if the W Imen, and a mem 

were John an,l Mary ( Shiel ) .Monahan, natives l,,,- of the Douglas C ounly .Medical .Soc.ely. 
ol the .s.ame county. .\t the .age of thirteen 
years _\oung Monahan enn'gr.ated from his na 

live Land to .\merica and settled in I'ittsfield, " 

Mass.achnsetts. Later he came west ;m<l lo 

cated in .\rcol,i, which ,al time was ;i mere o , ,,, -r,. 

11.11 MA,, . , S.AML'EL l',l\\l.V. 
nanilel. I lei'e .\lr. was married to 

Hannah (Juirk. who was a native of l),,nglas Samuel Lrviu. retircl h.anlware merch.anl 

county and a sister of the late J,,hn (Juirk. of Large laiM owner. aiM a resideiii ,,f Tuscola, 

Arcla. T. .Mr. ,an,l .Mrs. Ahm.ahan have heen was horn i„ Hillshoro. jlighlaiid cimtv. Ohio' 

horn chiMreu: M.arie. i„.w re.i.liug in ,„ |,S4_|. | I,. ,vas reare.l and educated in his 

.Yew .Mexico: Tli,,mas. the present may,,r of native county an,l in iSf,;^ e.ame west ami I,.- 

•^'■'■"^'•■'' ••""' "'^'"■-^' •""' '^•'"'■- ^-.-it^''! in Tuscola. lie and a y,,unger l.roiher 

r. H. .Monahan has served in the town were,,ci;iled 111 hiisiness n.geiher up to 



1S93, wlien lie rctircil. He owns live hundred 
;iiid sixtv acres of Iruid lliat extends up to tlie 
ci IV] 11 prate limits nt Tuscola. 

In 1S71 Mr. Iu-\in was united in marr'aye 
to Miss Elizabeth P)eaeh, who was horn on 
Stateu Island. She died in 1894. To their 
marriage were l)orn two children : ['earl, wlio 
is the wife of C. S. W'ardall. The other daugh- 
ter is in college. 

Samuel Er\-in is a son of William 1'. F.rx'in, 
now deceased. The ancestry oi the lu"\ins is 
traced back to the great-grandfather of Samuel. 
Thomas Rr\-in, a natix'e of Ireland ;nid member 
of the I'rcsbyterian church, who was by <iccu- 
])ation a bleacher of linen. He was a man of 
means, emigrated to this coinitry in 1771, and 
purchased a farm in Chester county, I'ennsyl- 
vania. residing there until bis death. His wife 
was a daughter of the Scottish bouse of Mon- 
teith, which aided the mission of William Wal- 
lace so nobly and espoused the cause of Bruce. 
jurad, the father of William P.. Er\in, was 
born in 173S and was thirteen years old when 
his i)arents came to .America. He was a wit- 
ness to many of the e.xciting incidents of the 
Revolutionary war. His education was limited 
and early in life be learned the hatter's trade 
and went to Rockingham county, Virginia. 
Here he followed his trade until 1813, when he 
remo\ed to Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, 
remaining there two years. He then emigrated 
to Plighland county, Ohio, and was there en- 
gaged in farming until his death, which oc- 
curred at the ripe old age of one hundred and 
six years. His wife. Sallie Herron, of JLarri- 
sonbnrg, \'irginia, was born Juh' 4, 1 77C). Dec- 
laration of Independence d;i\-. ( )f this union 
there was a family of nine children, William 
!!. being the second, lie w;is born December 

1 , 1806, in Rockingham, Virginia, at nine years 
of age removed to Highland county, Ohio, and 
in i8()5 came to Tuscola, where his death oc- 

Samuel Ervin during bis thirty-fi\-e years 
residence in Douglas county has witnessed the 
wonderful transformation that has taken place, 
making this county one of the best in the com- 
monwealth, and he has contributed his share to 
its improvement and development. His laud- 
able business career has gained him the con- 
lidence of all with whom be has come in con^ 
tact, either in a liusiness or social way, and his 
friends throughout the comity are many. 


y.^mes Lee Rent, 1\1. D., one of the most dis- 
tinguished physicians and surgeons of Illinois, 
and who h;is lieen long and honorably con- 
nected with the professional and industrial in- 
terests of Douglas county, was born in l-'airfield 
county. Ohio, January 26, 1824. The Reat an- 
cestors are traced back to Scotl.'nid, where the 
name was pronounced in two syllables, with the 
accent on the last. Two lirotbers emigrated 
to this country during the war of the Re\olu- 
tion, one of whom espoused the cause of the 
rebels, the term by which the patriot colonies 
were then known, and ser\-cd through that 
struggle with Washington's forces. The (itlier 
brother sided with the Tories, in conseciuence 
of which the two brothers l)ecanie alienated 
;uid a total sep.aration occurred between the two 
branches of the famil\-. Dr. Reat is descended 


fmin the ime wlm cast his fortunes with thnsc Tweiity-tirst l\L'L;iiiK-iit iiiianti-_\- ((Iraiil's <ilil 

of the patriots ami who. after the war, settled rci^inient ). On Jul_\- jj. iSfq, he was pro- 

in l*"re(ieriei< Town, Mar_\-lan(l. At this place moted surgeon of the regiment, lie retiuaied 

James Reat (father) was lK)rn and suhsequent- to Springfield ;it the close of the war and was 

ly found his way to Ohio, where he married Su- mustered out in January. i(S(i(>, lie then re- 

sanna Rogers, a Virginia lady, and w ith her set- turned to Tuscola and resumed his regular prac- 

tleil in FairHeld county, Ohio. When our suh- tice. 

ject was fi\'e years old, his parents remo\ed In ]H()i he was married to Miss .Sallie C 
to (_'oles countv, Illinois, where the father Callaway, of Jackson\ille, a lady fi line liter- 
purchased a farm on whicli they resided ary attainments and of Christ ian \irlues. She 
for a time, then remmed to Charleston and was horn in Kentucky and was a graduate of 
Ii\'ed there up to the time of his death, in lierean College. Her father was the late well- 
1868. known Re\-. S. T. Callaway, a Ilaptisl clcr- 
Dr. Reat's early education was deri\ed from gyman. They have had three children, all 
the meager advantages offered in the neighhor- of whom are living: A daughter I.ois, who is 
hood schools of that da\' and later attendance the wile of Hon. Thendnre Hraiitley. at pres- 
at the .seminarv at Charleston. That institu- cut chiet justice of the supreme court of .Mon- 
tion was conducted under eminent ]irofessoi-s laua ; Samuel (_'., who with his consiii, 1 larr_\- 
and here 13r. Reat recei\ed a good collegiate IC Caraway, were pro])rietors and editors of 
education and later took u)) the study of the the Tuscol.a Journal, lie is now in Washing- 
languages, hecoming familiar with Latin and ton, representing a numher of metro])olitan 
German, and at the same time teaching school newsp.apers. lie is a graduate of Cnion Law 
a numher of terms. His natural taste and tal- School, at Chicago, and is taking a posl-grad- 
ent were those of his cli.isen profession and he uate course in literature. I'reil. who graduatdl 
soon thereafter took a regular of stud- from the Illinois Stale L'ni\ersity. and is now 
ies at the Meilical College at I'incinnati, where jiroprietor of the Tuscola Repuhlican. 
he was graduate<I in the class of 1N3S; he later 1 'r. Keat is a memhei- of the Milil.ary Loyal 
attended the Rush Medical College at Chicago Legion of the Cmted .States .and the llhnois 
and llieix- giadu.Ued. .\ iter lea\ing college, he .\iiny and .\a\_\ .Medical .\ssoeiation. I le and 
was engaged for a time in the diug husiness at wife aie memhers ol the Alelhoilisl l'.[)iscopal 
Charleston, hut soon sold his inteit'sls and in climch of Tuscol.a. I'.oih ha\e taken .in acti\e 
1<S5(; took up his residence at Tuscol.a. In the part in the lempeianci' cause, lie .always 
fall of iSOj he recei\ed ;ui appointnuMil as nianilesied pnhlic spirit ;md through his entire 
assistant surgeon in the war of the Uelu'llion life has heen a ot .ahstenuous hahits and 
and was assigned to a post at Louis\ille. where consistent morals. I'"or three _\'ears he was clerk 
he remained for so4ne time in ch.arge of a hos- of the hoard of education of Tuscol.a and while 
])ital. ( )n March l. of the same \ear, he was occujjying that oflice look (U-e|) intei'cst in llu- 
Commissioned lirst assistant surgeon of the erection ol a |)uhlic school huilding, which is 



surpassed liy few in this scctiim nf llic state. 
Dr. Keat is widely csteenied 
((uaiitics nf mind and heart. 

Dr. Keat is widely esteemed Idr his inaiiv giKid 


John J. Junes was many years previous to 
his death most prominently identified witii the 
affairs of Douglas county. He was born in 
Virginia in about tlie year 1S35 and died in 
Chicago in July, 1893. In early life he came 
to Ilhnois as a ])enniless orphan and located at 
Georgetown, in X^ermilion county, wliere he re- 
sided with two I if his cousins and with whom 
he remained until he was about grown, when 
lie came and ](jcated in Camargo. Here he be- 
came a clerk for Alonzo Lyons, remaining 
with him for some time, wdien he, in partner- 
ship with Coleman Bright, who was manager 
I'or Mr. L_\-c)ns, started a little grocery store at 
Camargci. This was along in the '50s. The 
firm cimtimied \ery successfully in business up 
until the fall of 18^14. Then they s(jld out, came 
to Tusciila, and engaged in general merchan- 
dising, t.nking in a Mr. \\'il)ly as a partner, 
under the firm name of Bright, Jones & W'ibly. 
In about 1868 Mr. \\'il)ly .sold his interest to 
Ijright and Jones, who continued together in 
business until Mr. Jones sold his interest to Mr. 
Bright; this was along about 1884 or 1885. 
Mr. Jones then gave his entire time to the man- 
agement of his large farm near Tuscola. He 
was twice e]ecte<l mayor of Tuscola. In the fall 
ol iS(;n he became the president of the Ijanking 
b.ouse of I'.aughman, Orr & Co. and remained 
as such up to the time of hi.s death, 

Mr. Jones was united in marriage to Miss 
Lizzie Ketchuni, a daughter of Dr. Ketchum, 
ol Terre 1 laute, Indiana; she survives him. 
Jolin J. Jones was of (juiet and unassuming 
manner, a self-made man and his uninterrupted 
success and his character as a man were well 
worthy of the admiration of the entire people. 
He had the mind to conceive and the hand to 
direct his business affairs in such a way that 
brought him success in all of his undertakings, 
b'or many years he was a consistent member 
of the First Presbyterian church and a mem- 
lier ol the Melita Commandery of Knights 
lemplar of Tuscola. 


-'\. C. Sluss, the ])roi)rietor of the Tuscol.i 
Joiu'nal, a weekly paper iiublislied at Tuscola, 
and the present postmaster of Tuscola, has 
been for many years prominently identified wilii 
the business, social and political interests of 
his cit}' and county. lia\ing served the city of 
Tuscola twice as alderman, three terms as city 
clerk and one term as mayo]-. lie was born in 
Kdgar county, Illinois, April 7, 1850, and is a 
son of Thomas S. and Martha (Hinenian) 
Sluss. His father, who was l>orn in Kentucky, 
lenioxed to Tuscola in iSOi, an(' there carrieii 
on his ti'ade, that of ;i harness maker, up to the 
lime of his death, in i8()_:;. at the age of eighty 

His grandfather, Da\id Sluss. _ and his 
grandfather. John Ilincman. were both natives 
of KeiUucky, and were among the first settlers 
in Monroe county, Indiana, 


A. C. Sliiss learned the ti'adc with his lautrw and served U> the clu^e nf the war. lill- 

tatiier, and recen t'd liis echicatiiiii in the sehiKils inj;' aU the cunipany dl'hees I'runi enrpciral to 

of Tuscola and the Chieago Business CoUege. ca])tain. 

Jde was engaged in the mainifacture of harness. L'pnii returning fnmi his arnn- !-er\ ice mw 

etc., wlien, in 18S9, he was appointed i)(ist- suhject engaged in nierchanihsiug and fHrniing 

master of Tuscola by i'resident Harrisun. and in and near Areola until iSSj. wlien he was 

again received the appointment hy President elected county judge. He studied law and 

McKiule}, which shows his i)c)pularity and was admitted to the har in iSSi;. j'liliticallv 

cTficiency as a puhlic othcial. Mr. Sluss hecame judge Bassett is a Repuhlican. and religiunsjv 

the sole owner of the l\i>CMla Journal, the is an adherent of the Methodist h^])iscoi)al 

official Repuhlican organ of Douglas county, clun-ch. having joined that society at Mdlers- 

in Decemljer. nSyS. The was fonnded Imrg. fventucky, in iS^(). 

by Siler & Lindsay in i.Sri4, and has at the In i860 our subject was married to Miss 
present time a paid riiculation of a])ont two Xellie M. ("irnell. and twci children are the re- 
thousand in the county. It is stanch Repub- suit of tins iniion : jonatliau 11.. residing at 
lican in its political \ icw >. and is one of the .\rthur. Illinois, and .Martin II.. residing at 
most progressi\e .and up-to-date coinitry news- Mattoon. Illinois. 
j)apers in central Illinois. 

In 1N75 Mr. .Sluss was united ni marriage 
to r\liss Minerva liiggins, id' ilighland counts-, 
Ohio. They have three children, .\lfred 11., 

iM-auk L. and Hatfe 1^. ^,j. ^^|, ^,|,^ ^^^.^ ,^. EPIILIX. 

Mr. and .Mrs. Jacob I'lphliu are the oldest 
couple in d^iscola. They came here from I'arke 
cotmt}'. Indian.a. .\pril 4. 1S3S. when the nnm- 

\\ 11 B V.SSliri' '"-' "' iuh.ibitants could be connted on the lin- 
gers of the two haiiils. Thev lia\e lued bei'e 

[udge W . II. Bassett was boiii Januar\- more than fort v ye.ars. , and out from the door- 

!_', i8^_', on ;i faian in Harrison couutw Ken- w.i\ ol no In nne m Tuscola come ;i kinder 

tncky. and there grew |o manhood, recei\ing gi"eeli)ig to the \\a\ tai'er oi' a more hospitable 

a Common-school education. lie later at- reception to fiaends .and rel;Ui\es. I'ncle J.ake 

tended a collegein (_ incinuat:. < 'h,o. ;s closeh' relitcd with the ]innnti\e lowii ,and 

gr.aduating Ma\' 1 _'. 1854. .\lterward he en- the early connlw b,i\ing been among the first 

gaged in the mercantile business in ('ynthiana. inisiness men .and sei\ ing as depuly sheriff 

I\entuck\'. lie came to what is now mider 1. L. .\unt .M.arth.a is best 

countv, Illinois, in 1857. ,and was eng.aged in known for hei' cli.'ua' deeds tell of uns- 

farming until hSfij. .\t this time he enlisted sions cd" kindness and lo\cand crown her with 

in Comi)any K. .Se\enty-ninth Illinois In- .gloi'v. To a lii'e full of \-e;u's and rich in ex- 



[■ericncc lliey have ail'lcil the greatest measure 

(if affection for each dlher and luve for man- 
Isiiul. two j;cnis that shine with unihnimed 
splcndi)!" in the crown of human possibility- 


W. T. I'ulham, M. D.. is one of Tuscola's 
leadinp; physicians. The Doctor has been in 
practice for many years, and has, hy his energy 
rmd efficiency, achie\-ed a success and reputa- 
tion in the healing art sectrnd to none. He is 
thoroughly educated, and a most honorable and 
congenial gentleman. He received a literary 
and scientific education at the Uni\crsity of 
Illinois, after which he stutlied medicine in the 
Indiana Medical College, from which he was 
graduated in the spring of 1882. Since that 
time he has been fully devoted to his chosen 
profession at Tuscola, where he now enjoys 
a lucrative and extensix'e practice. 


George Callaway, a retired physician of 
Tuscola and a large land owner of Douglas 
county, is a nali\e of Christian county. Ken- 
tucky, and was born May 4, 1848. In 
1850 he removed to Illinois and was princi- 
jially educated in the Illinois College at Jack- 
son\-ille. ,\fter leaving school he read 
medicine with Dr. J. L. Reat. at Tuscola, 
Illinois, and sub.sequently entered the Ohio 

Medical College at Cincinnati, from whicli 
he graduated in the class of '73. Dr. Callaway 
commenced the ])ractice of medicine at Vir- 
giiua City, Montana, having gone first in 1871 
to that territory as surveyor in the employ of 
the government. In 1875 he located in Tus- 
cola, where he successfully practiced his pro- 
fession up to within the last few years. At 
present he gives his entire attention to the 
management of his farm in Douglas county, 
owning in all over eight hundred acres of land. 
In 1879 he was muted in marriage with 
]\Iiss Emma C. Wyeth. of Tuscola, daughter 
of L. J. W'yeth (see sketch). To their mar- 
riage have been born fom" children: Leonard, 
Katie, Ralph and hhnma. Dr. Callaway owns 
one of the handsomest and most costly resi- 
dences in Tuscola and is a large stockholder 
in tlie First National Bank of Tuscola. He is 
a son of Samuel T. and Mary (Means) Cal- 
laway, the former born in Clark county. Ken- 
lucky, and the latter in Christian county, in 
the same state. Sanuiel T. Callaway was a 
Baptist minister, and many years of his life 
were spent in the work of the church. For a 
time he served as county sui)erintendent of 
schools of Douglas county. The Callaway 
family came from North Carolina, as did also 
the Means family, and settled in Kentucky, 
where they were contemp<iraries of Daniel 


J. H. Bassett is the editor and proprietor of 
the Arthur Graphic, which he bought and took 
charge of October i, 1899. The pai)er was 


liiniided in April, iSN;r. liy T. J. Hancy. and ci.iunty. Ills., where lie li;is since resided. When 

was edited and dwned hy him until he sold it Mr. Skinner came to i)i)ut;'las cnunty there 

lo Mr. Bassett. In 18S3 lie himght the Areola were only seven families in what is now \ew- 

Record, which he ran until 1886, when he sold man township, namely: .\nson, (kiston, Roh- 

it to P. L. Henry. Mr. Bassett was three years ert Hopkins, L. J. Howell and three families hv 

and a half in the pulilic iirintins;- office at Wash- the name of Winkler. 

iiii^ton. under the administration of President Joseph Skinner, father rif W. W. Skinner, 
Harri.son. at the end of which time he re- hnrned a hrick kiln on the hanks of the I'.nislr/ 
signed and came home, in 1891 he and his T'ork creek in 1839, it heing the first kiln 
father then again purchased the Record ami ran Inirned in that part (jf the state. For years 
it until 1895, selling to V,. l\ Wamsley. In after this he followed hreaking prairie land, 
1897 he and his brother, .M. H. Bassett. who his hoys aiding him until his death, which oc- 
owned tlie Mattoon Daily Jnnrnal. again jiur- cm-red in 1837. He raise<l a large fainilv nf 
chased the Record and .Mr. liassetl had sule children, ten 1im\s and three girls, W. W. Skin- 
charge of the i>aper until janu.ary 1 , i89(;, when iier heing the sixth child. I'nini this l;irge 
the pa])er was sold ici .Nathan Collins and sun. f,i;nily nf ihirteeii children c.iiK' ihi-ee are imw 
The .Arthur Craphic was originally a live- living: W. W., John and Isaac, lliev heing the 
column newsp'aper, hut has recently heeii made three oldest .sons. In the vear i8(ij |nhn. W. 
si.\ hy the ]ireseiil ]jriiprietiii-, w ho has in other W. aiul .\ .Skinner, l)i-( jtliers, enlisted in 
ways overhauled the p.aper and office and con- the Seventy-ninth Illinois Volunteer lnf:mtry. 
siderahly increased the circuhitioii. jnhn and .Xumpii were captured at the hatlle of 
.Mr. liassett was horn in .Areola luwusliip, Cliickam;uiga. Tliev were kejit in pi'isnn se\- 
this comity. July H), \H()\. hi 188,.' he married eiiteen months .-lud nine davs, ;iiid ilid m H return 
.Miss Xora Perkins, w Im die<l in 1887. To to their regiment, hut were mustered out ;it 
this union was hoiii one child. Nellie. He again Springfield, lllinnis, ;ii the cImsc nl the war 
married, in i8(;3. Miss Maggie Degnan, ui W. W. Skinner remained with his comp;inv, 
Sprmgheld, Illinois, hecoming his wife. 'I'o was under the le;iderslii|i uf Sherm;m. and tu, ,k 
them ihree children li;ive heen h.irii, Bessie, ]jart in eleven li.ird fnu-lit li;itlles, hesidcs 
.M;iriiii .and .Mary, d'lie \rihui- Craphic has a skirmishing hv the uimiuIi. He was mustered 
circiil;ili(.n nf live hundred, is well edited . .ut June u. i,S(>5, :it .Wasliv ille, 'femiessee, ;iiid 
and is a very popular loc;d newspaper. discharged June jy. 18(13. ;it Springfield, Illi- 
\\'. W. .Skinner, heing an early selller of (In- 
eastern of Douglas county, Illinois, well 
W. W. SK 1 .X.X k.R. rememhers .some of the incidents of its llrst 

settlers. Rohert Matson. fnun Kentnckv, sct- 

W. W. Skinner was horn .Xovemher 1 _>. tied here in 1 83(j or 1840. 1 le first located 

1833. in N'ermilhon. Indiana. hi i83<), with Coffee's Crove. in Sargent lovvushi]). and in a 

Ins parents, he moved to Coles (n<'\v Douglas) few years removed one and oue-h.-df miles 


iiurllK-ast of Newman. 1 le was a wealthy man, (.ractice nf medicine. In 1S31 lie moved to 

ownins^- a large planlalion in Kentucky and a Camargo. Illinois, and continued the practice 

numher of slaves. He hrought nine slaves to of his clio.scn profession. Later he attended 

Illinois with him. In 1847 his slaves were lectures at the Jeffersmi Medical College of 

spiritetl away to Charleston, the county seat of I'liiladeljihia, graduating therefrom in 1S53. 

Coles county, they claiming their freedom un- Jn 1858 he moved to Centralia, Illinois, but 

der the laws of a free state and being protected removed to Camargo the following year. Sep- 

ni their project l)y ivutherford and Ashmore. temlier 15, 1862, he enlisted in the Sixty-second 

Mr. Matson, fearing the loss of his human Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, but was 

property, fnllowed them to Charleston and shortly transferred U> the Si.xty-third Illinois 

brought suit for the rights of property. He Volunteer Infantry and appointed surgeon of 

employed for his attorney the Honorable Abe the regiment, with the rank of major, in which 

Lincoln, who was at this time but twenty-nine- capacity he served during the remainder nf the 

years old. while the defendents employed the war. most of that time in Gen. J<ilin A. Logan's 

Honorable O. B. Ficklin. It so hapjiened that corps — the notaljle Fifteenth .\rmy Corps. He 

Matson lost his slaves, while he himself re- was mustered out April 9. iSfi^. Before the 

turned to Kentucky, from which i)lace*he never Si.xty-third joined General Sherman's army, it 

returned to the free state of Illinois. was engaged in the battles of V'icksburg. Mis- 
sissippi, Mission Ridge, etc. .\fter joining Gen 
Sherman's army his regiment was active in the 
attack on the Ogeechee Canal and Miller's Sta- 
tion, and particii^ated in the long list of famous 

101 IN W i\IcKlNNFV battles of Sherman's army during his famous 

"march to the .sea." During its active service 

John Wright McKinney was born near the Sixty-third regiment traveled some six 

Springlicld. Clark county. Ohio. June 17. 1825, thousand, four hundred and fifty-three miles, 

and died at I'amargo. Illinois, July J,\. 1897, After the war Dr. McKinney resumed his 

a"'ed seventv-two years, one month and twenty- ])ractice of medicine and surgery at Camargo 

four (lavs. His father and family moved from with marked success. He was author of the 

( ;hio to Montgomery cmintv, Ind'ana, in 1830, hill granting the formation of Douglas county, 

where the deceased l:\'eil until his twenty lirst and gave the county its name in honor ot the 

vear. During the following two years he "I^ittle Giant." Stephen .\. Douglas. The de- 

tau.ght school in Montgomery county, studying ceased served several terms as supervisor of 

medicine meanwhile with an energy and avid- Camargo township. In politics he was a Dcm- 

ity so characteristic of his nature. ocrat. While he did not belong to any church. 

Mr. McKinney ami Mary Roll were joined he imssessed strong convictions of man's duty 

in matrimony October 12. 1848. at Pleasant to his God. his comitry. his family and him- 

Hill, Indiana. Soon after his marriag-e he .self, and pract'ced doing good and being lion- 

movcd to liillsboro, Indiana, and began the est all the days of his life. 


SciilcinluT _'5. 1X70, Mary, liis \\ik-, died \ct willial tender and s\ iii]iallK'lic as a w'cuiian. 

al llieir C'aiuari^o luniic. rcsiiectcd and hclnxetl | lc was liheial and <;encri)us, administering to 

l)v lier liiisl)and an<l all who knew Iier. Sepleiii- the pimr as skilll'nIK and t'arel'nllv as In the 

i,er 10, 1S71, Dr. .\lel\iniicv and .Minnie .\. rich. 
Coykeiulall were jtiined in wedlock and li\'cd 
liappilv together nnlil death separated them. 
The Doctor was a prominent member ot the A. 

J''. & .\. M., Camargo Lodge. .\o. 440; Knights SAMUEI. i .. IK )rKlNS. 

'lem])lar: h'raiik l\ecd I'ost. (_i. .\. R. : L'oiinly 

and State Medical Societies, and was a proini- .Samuel L. llopkins. c)ne of the snc- 

nent and respected citizen of his township, cessfnl farmers and stock raisers in Newman 

county and state, being considered one of the townshi]). was born south id" Newman on the capable and successful phvsiciaiis and sur- old llopkins homesteail in the year 1841;. in 

geon.s of central Illinois, lie was a member 1SS4 he was united in marriage to Miss Hattie 

ot the local or Ci mnty ])ension examining board, Hell, and is the father of six childix-n. Mr. 

ser\-ing in that capacity two terms. llopkins owns four hundred and twent\'-se\eii 

J )m-ing Dr. .McKiiuiey's late illness — gen- acres of land which extends nearly to the cor- 
eral physical relaxation — he was attended eon- ])oration line of Newman. His mother was, ])e- 
stantl}- by his wife and children. His e.xpress fore her marriage, I*"lizabeth Thomas, and was 
wish, that his lamily inu\se and care for him, born in Indiana. His father was James Hop- 
was gratified. During these two months all kins, who was one of the earliest settlers along 
of his famil}- and childi-en were able to be at the lh-ush\' h^n-k timber, lie was born in Pick- 
his bedside and ailminister to his wants, night awav conntv, ( )hio, h'ebruary i_'. 1X15. .\t 
and day. His strong will ]iower and remark- the age of nine years he, with his familv, re- 
able energy coupled with the desire to recover mo\ed to N'ermillion coinily. Imliana. Here, 
his health, no doubt, prolonged his days. Diu"- on January _" 1 , i^.^S, he'ied I'di/abeth 
mg this last illness the Doctor was ever mindful .\im, who mentioned abo\'e. In 
ol the wants ol his family, presciibing rest and ( )ctober, 1X41, he came to Illinois and located 
medicine lor them if at any time he fancied they in section 5. township 15. range 14, where he 
needei] it. Dr. .Mclxinney died in the same rt'sided until his death. He I'nsl bought one 
house he had li\ed l"or alino>t half a ceutiu'y — hundred ami lhirl\' .icre^ of laud al seven dol 
lorty-six years. He died as be lived. lo\ing and l.irs ;in .acre, and al the time of his death he 
beloved by his lamily. neighbors an<l friends. accumnl.ited m.iny more acres. He was the 
His leading characteristics were his honesty in fathei' n\ ten cbildi-en. three ( d' whom were 
his dealings with his fellow men and his integ- born in Indiana. d\vo of bis sons. John Will- 
rity as a ph_\sici;m .and citi/en. He possessed iam and I'di ddiomas, enlisted in the d'wenty- 
an uidoinilable will and a conviction of pur])ose lifth Regiment Illinois N'olunteers at the coiu- 
Ihal won him many a battle in the lights for life mencement of the Cixil war and both <lied in 
lor his ]);aients. He was courageous as a lion, the service, the former on the 13th of Decem- 



licr :il a hospital in St. Loui.s, and Eli Thomas 
in the latter part of .\ugust, 1S62, near luka, 


Daniel Roderick is one of the oldest settlers 
now livinti' in Douglas county. He came to near 
Danville, Illinois, with his father, Samuel R., 
sixty years ago. The latter died in Vermilion 
county, and soon afterward Daniel came to 
what is now C^u-rett township and kept generally 
ahout twelve yokes of oxen. He was born July 
lO. i8i(). and his education was almost entirely 
neglected, hut he is known as "honest, old Dan 

SECLEU 11. LluSTh:R. 

Segler H. Lester (deceased) was horn in 
Virginia October ji;. 1804, and ilied in Garrett 
township May 22, 1864, and married I'arthenia 
Cas.saday May 14. 1833. Mrs. Lester, who is 
known among her neighbors as drandnia Les- 
ter, still survives. She was a daughter of 
Daniel Cassaday, of X'irginia, where she was 
born' Inly <j, 1811, and spent her early years 
in Kentucky. In i8_mj she came with, her i)ar- 
ents to lulgar coiuUy. Illinois, where she met 
Mr, Lester. wlK)m she subse(iuently married. 
Ininu'di.-itely after her wedding she mo\ed with 
her husband to ;i ]ilace on the Springfield or 
State road, wb.ere there were about four fam- 
ilies, of whom Mrs. Lester is the only survivor. 
In the autumn of 1834 she mo\ed to tlie site of 

her present residence, w here a round- log cabin, 
Mix 1 8 feet, was built, and the new family be- 
gan the ditficulties of pioneer life, with little 
more capital than willing hands rmd stout 
hearts. There were no cabins nearer than ten 
miles north and seven miles south, the site l)e- 
ing chosen l)y Mrs. Lester l^ecause the Indians 
had once ma<le it their camping gronud. 
Here five children were born, and here was lanl 
the foundation of a handsome competence; here 
also the homestead still shelters the welcome 
guest. There was no open road to fortune for 
the pioneers; the nearest market for surplus 
l.roduce was at Chicago, where corn was S'.ld 
r( .r six and one-half cents per bushel ; pork from 
one dollar and a half to two dollars per hundred 
and wheat at thirty-seven and one-half cents p.-r 
bushel. Supplies were only to be purchased 
at the expense of a tedious trip to Charleston, 
Terre Llaute, Georgetown, Eugene or to Monti- 
cello, a round trip taking a week to accomplish, 
luich family could not afford this expense and 
some went for the whole neighborhood. This 
involved the use of a wagon and three yoke of 
oxen; the loan for a whole neighborhood of 
th<ise times would not now be considered large, 
but owing to the condition of the roads three 
\(ike of oxen barely sul'liced. The accumula- 
tion of ])ro]ierlv under such circumstances was 
a difticult matter. I\lr. Lester worked two years 
to earn money enough to enter his first eighty 
acres, where the homestead stands, an<l in 1837 
be went to Rock River and broke prairie for 
two luonths. earning enough to enter one hun- 
dred acres. When the coming of winter closed 
the season's work on the farm Mr. Lester 
turned his skill as a liunter to good account, 
in one winter caruing enough from the sale of 
deer's hind -quarters to discharge a debt for 


liis rillc, fur which he ha<l cmUractcd U> ])ay i:i rchi;ic)ns IjcHcf and ihed in Xew ^■(>^k city. 

lwciitv-li\e (Inllars. It was l)y such slow and Mr. I 'rice came tn 1 )( pUL;Ias enmity in iShoand 

ardiKius cffin-ts that he accumulated .some one was hound out tn a Mr. .Mc.Xair, i;(,inn- tln-ou,t;h 

Ihou.sand acres of land, of whicli he died pos- all the hardships that generally befall a poor 

sessed. In 1H74 a tine frame dwellinj;-. which orphan. 

had been erected by him at the cost of twenty- In 1S73 he was married to Miss Ella 

seven hundred dollars, was destroyed by fire. DrumnKmds. of this county. I Ic is the present 

but was at once rebuilt at a cost of fifteen bun- nominee on the Reiniblican ticket for re-election 

dred dollars. ti. the ollice of county sur\eyor. 

Nine childi'en ha\ebeen born to Mr. Lester: 
Eliza I., wife of James Ilowe: I iarriet .\., 
wife of William Howe; .Mmet.a j.. wife of EI- 
licrt !~1. Crowley; John 1)., now in the ai^ricnlt- im]>lenient business in Tuscnla: Louisa K. GEO O MOORE 
.\.. wile ol 1 )aniel C. Ji ihnsi in ; ( )|-lando 11., oc- 
cupying;- an impiiiiant position in the patent ( ico. O. Moore was born December 1 , 1S5S. 
office at Washington, D. C. ; Lemuel 1'., now on ;i farm near Mnncie, liidiaii;i. lie is thc 
a resident at the homestead; Mary \i. died tliinl child <<\ the f.amily of .\lr. and .Mrs. 
No\ember 'i, 1S45, aged one \-ear; Margaret LMuis M, mre, ;ind migrated w illi them to 1 )ong-- 
•'C. died -\pril J3, rS33, aged three years. Leni- las coniil\- when only fi\t' years old, locating 
iiel r. Lester was mai'ried Eebruary jy. iSjj, near the Cdiinfy se.'it, 'fusi-ola. llis early i-dn- 
l<> Liuin.a Rice, a native id' Kentuck-v. who, cation attained in the schools o| fuscola 
w hen a cliilil. came to I )( mglas county with her and ad ji lining districts. 1 le alsi 1 ti » 'k a cl.assi- 
p.arents. 'fhev ha\e had se\en cliildi-en, si.x of cal and scientific course in the .Vormal C ollege 
whom .are li\ing. 1 'erl 1).. I'.ert. I'.inl, ( )tt<> W., at Dainille. Indiana, from which hv gradu.ated 
( jcrtriKle and .M.artin. ( )rw ell died in his sixth in 1 NX 1 , ]i;iying his tuitidii and way through 
year. the scbni.l b\- the sweat of his bii iw .as j.anilor. 

I le w;is ])riiici])al of the schools at RusselKille. 

Indi.aua. in iSS,', giving entire satislaction. 

lie tln'ii lu'ld the chairs nf music .and higher 

W T" TTICF m.athematics in the ( 'ampbell Xornial Ciii\er 

sitv at llolloii, Kansas, in iSXj;. In ,\ugust 

W. E. I'ricc, a resident of ( '.amargo. and of the same vear he went to 'l"n ly. ( )hio, where 

the present cniintv stirvevor, who has efficiently he was united in the holy bonds ol m.atrimony 

served in this ca]);icitv for twelve years, was to Miss Lillie Conway, a resident of that city, 

born in .\ew \'ork citv July S, 1S41). lie was whose acqu.ainlancc he had formed at college, 

a sou of William Ivlward ;nid .M.athild.a .M. lie and his wife took n]) their .iboile 

(Wilson) Trice, n.atixes of Ireland, llis father at .Middletoii. X'irgini.i. where .Mr. .Moore had .a cabinetmaker bv trade, an E.]iiscopalian accepted the associate princip.iMiip ol the .Shcn 



andoali Normal Cnllcge, wIti'cIi position lie held 
fur three years. Owins^ to the declinino' of his 
wife's liealth Mr. Moore returned U> Illinois, 
stopping at Tuseola, where Mrs. Moore passed 
away in August of the same year. To this 
union was horn one son, Louis C. In the fall 
of 1 886 he accepted the principalship of the 
Newman schools, which he held for three years. 
In the spring of 1890, heing solicited hy his 
many friends, he made the race for the Repuh- 
iican nomination for superintendent of schools 
Lif Douglas county. 


Archie A. Armstrong, one of the progres- 
siye, intelligent and well-known young farmers 
of the ciiunty and Camargo township, was born 
in Lawrence county. Ohio, September 10, i8C)i. 
He is the sc~)n of J(_ihn i\rmstr(ing, \yho is also 
a native of Ohio and now a resident of Cham- 
paign. He came to Douglas county in 1879. 
and bought se\'er;d farms in Tuscola townshi]) 
and in nther Idealities. He resided for some 
years on nne of his farms, when he removed 
to the cit\' iif Champaign. He is now living 
a retired life in the sixty-fifth year of his age. 

Archie Armstrong owns one of the most 
beautiful and attracti\e farms in the county, 
which he has well stocked with Aberileen An- 
gus cattle. In i88(') he wedded Miss Nora 
Rice, of Champaign county. They lia\e ilne 
child, Idoyd. ten years of age. Mr. .\rmstrong 
is ;i direcliir nf the Douglas Count\' hair Asso- 
natinn, .anil a member of the M.nsnnic lodge 
at C.amargo. 


Wilson S. r.nrgett, a native of Sargent 
township, ;uid a son of 1. \V. Rurgett, whose 
sketch is found on another page, was born 
December 22, 1863. He was reared in Sar- 
gent township, wdiere he continued to live until 
tight years ago, when he removed to his 
present farm two miles south of Camargo. 

In 1886 he was married to Miss Kate May, 
.'I daughter of Judge Brown (see sketch). They 
have three children : Ray Brown, Burley Sum- 
ner and Wayne l^renton. 

\V. S. L'lUrgett owns two hundred and ten 
acres of land, on which he lives, and is one of 
the intelligent and rei)resentatiye young busi- 
ness men of the county. In politics he is an 
enthusiastic Rei>ublic;m and has served two 
} ears as townshi]) committeeman. 


, Joseph Bradley Petty, one of the successful 
business men of Tuscola, engaged in merchan- 
dising and identified with se\'eral other enter- 
]n"ises of the city, was born in Hendricks coun- 
ty, Indiana, August 24, 1855, and is a .son of 
.Nathan and Ann Mariah (Wood) Petty, the 
former l)orn in Chatham county. North Caro- 
lina, and the latter in Mercer county, Kentucky. 
Mr. Petty was engaged in farming tor several 
years in Champaign comity, and from 1884 to 
i8()i he resided at lantlia, Missoiii-i, where 
he was engaged in hlacksmithing and hard- 
ware merch.-uidising. In the latter year In- 
returned to Illinois and settled in Tuscola, 


wIktc lie lias since- wurkrcl al his tiMilc, and in race. Ali\s. I'ett)' lias, in her six _vc'ars' asencv, 

iSijiS opened n]) a <;xMieral stnre in ennneclinn ilmie a Imsiness of (i\er ^4,600. She is llmr- 

witli his other I)usiness. Dii^hly cajjahle. and with the time that she 

In 1881 lie was niiited in marriaye In Miss has t;iven to licr special work she has heen re- 

Priscilla Mars, of Chainpai^'n countw Thev inarkahly sncccsslul. 
have fne Imys; Earle Shirley, liyron Tal- 
mag-e, Clara Marrs, V^irgai Ira and William 

Natlian. lie owns his (iwn hniiie and store 

liuildiiii^s, is a hard working" man, and is one 
of the honorahle and rejjresentatis'e citizens 

of Tuscola. I le is a meinher of the Methodist S.AMUEL 15. LOGAN. 
Episcopal church and of the Court of Honor. 

Mrs. Petty, a lady of t^dod intelh\t,''ence and S;miue! P. Loq-.-m, one of the \'cry oldest 
fine Imsiness tact, is a daughter of W'illi.ani and "I Ihe pioneers now lixiiiL;" in Douqlas county, 
Mary Jane ( Sutherl.and ) Marrs, the former a nnd tlie lirst sheriff, was horn near Ihe village 
native of liourhoii county, Kentucky, .and the of Washington, Mason couiilv, Kentucky, 
latter of Ohio. At the age of four years Will- A]iril _:;o, iSrG. He is a son of |osepli and 
iam Marrs. with his father, John Marrs, moved Mary (Morris) The I'ormer was a 
to Shelhy county. Ohio, where William was nati\e of Mason county ami the latter of the 
r.aised. He nio\cd to Macon couiil\', Illinois, stale of New Jersev. |oliu Logan (grand- 
in 1851), and there engaged in agi-icultural father) w;is one of the early settlers from 
])ursuits. I'riscilla Marrs taught school se\-en Pennsyh.ania, and .after his arri\al in Ken- 
}-ears in Champaign county. Illinois, then he- tucky he li\ ed in a fort. |oseph Pog.-ni (f;ither) 
came Mrs. Petty. She has the agency and is was a soldier in the war of i8ij ;ind was in the 
held manager l"or the \'ia\i Coiiip.any I'or li;ittle(d' the Thames. h'lm Morris (grand- 
Douglas county, ;ind h;is also the agency and father) a nali\e of .Vew jersey and in the 
lield m.anagement lor the M.agnetic Shielil o]>ini( jii of Mr. Log;m was a soldier in the war 
Coni]i;niy. of Chicago, in her county. \i.-i\i of the l\e\ i ilution. His father ;ind niothei-, in 
is a purely vegelahle compound, the oiitgrowtli 1837, remo\ed to Coles coimtv and located 
ol a physician's ])rescrii)tioii. To his ye.irs of within two miles of where Mr. l,og;ui now 
e\])erinienting was aililed .an incredihle amount resides. The first year his f.ather rai.seil a 
of ])atience and money, and Vi.avi in its pres- crop, renting his kaiid of (jIiI |acol) .Moore, 
ent form is the result. It is virtually precli- S.amuel 1',. 1 .og.iii enjoys the honor of h;iv- 
gested loMd and is . used with most i)erl'ect ing heeu the first sheriff of Douglas coiintw 
.safety hy the most delicate, y.iung and okl. .and has Ii\ed a long, honor.ahle and heanlil'ul 
1 his remedy is world lanieil. ;ind is success- life in his adopteil county. In 1848 he was 
fully ust'd hy every nation. The motto of the ni;u-rie<l to Miss Leah I'uller. a n.ative r,f \'ir- 
\ ia\a worker is ■'The higher physical life of gini.a. whose death occurred in 181,0. T,, this 
woman." .and thus preser\e the health of the marriage were horn twelve children. Of this 



number six arc lixiii.t;', viz: Samuel F., AHicrt 
\V.. Il;irriet j., llaniiali C., Mary E. and 


Geori^e C. Jeffers. mcmlicr of Uie firm i>f 
Brat^-p: & Jeffers. engaged in general merchan- 
dising and banking at Camargo, was born in 
Adams oumty. [llinnis, in 1858, and is a son of 
Samuel P. and Rachel (Orr) Jeffers. Samuel 
P. Jeffers was luirn in Clermont county, Ohio, 
June 9. 1834, and is a son of Elijah and Han- 
nah ( I'ine) Jeffers, natives of Clermont coun- 
tv, Ohio, and .\e\v Jersey res])ectivcly. Han- 
n;di Pine was a daughter of William Pine, 
who, an oqihan, emigrated from England to 
this country and first settled in New Jersey, 
thence remo\-ing to Ohio and later to Pike 
county, Illinois, where he died. He served in 
the war of 1812. Fdijah was a .son of William 
Jeffers, a native of the north of Ireland. Sam- 
uel D. Jeffers came to Camargo township in 
1869, from .Adams county, this state, where 
he i'.armecl uj) to within the past ten years, since 
which time he has kei)t the meat market at 
Camargo. On I'ehruary 22, 1855, he was 
wedded to Rachel J. Orr, a daughter of and Elizabeth Orr. In the beginning 
of 1865 he xdlunteered in the Eorty-seventh 
Illinois Infantry, and was in service till the 
close of the Civil war. 

George C .Jeffers, after leaving school, 
taught for one year, and in 1879 became a 
clerk for .\. W. P>ragg, in the latter's store at 
C.'unar"go, in which capacity he continued till 
181)3, when he became ;i p.artner, with one- 

half interest, aval the firm name became Bragg 
& Jeffers. The general store and banking 
house of P>ragg & Jeffers, containing two de- 
]);irtments, carries a stock of general merchan- 
dise valued at about $20,000, re(|uiriiig a 
corps of four clerks, anil does an annual busi- 
ness of from $35,000 to $40,000. George C. 
Jeffers is a clear headed and able business man 
whose industry and comprehensive grasp of 
details has to a great extent made this one of 
the leading mercantile firms of central Illinois. 
In 1884 Mr. Jeffers married Miss Carrie, 
a (laughter of W. H. Hall, rm old and highly 
respected citizen an<l merch;mt of Camargo. 


William W. Reeves, of Tuscola, one of 
the youngest members in acti\-e practice at the 
Douglas county bar, was born on a farm near 
Villa Grove, Camargo township, December 25, 
1870, and is a son of George R. Reeves. The 
latter, who was a native of Delaware county, 
Indi.'Uia, was born in 1836, and his death oc- 
curred in i88[. He removed to Douglas 
countv in 1865, and was engaged in farming 
up to the time of his \\' . W. Ivceves' 
mother was Iiefore her marriage Miss Nancy 
E.. Wilson. She was born near Urbana, Ohio," 
and was a daughter of John O. Wilson, a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania, who emigrated in 1861 
to Illinois, first locating near Paris, and later 
came to this county, where he died at the age 
of seventy-nine years. Elijah Reeves (grand- 
father) was born near Culpe])er Court House, 
Virgini.'i, and subsequently emigrated to Ken- 



tucky. At one time he was the owner of qitite 
a nunihcr of slaves, but later became convinced 
that slaxery was wrong and freed them all in 
the year 1S36 and moved to Indiana, a free 

William W. Reeves remained on the farm 
unlil he had arrived at the age of seventeen 
years, when he entered Wesleyan College. He 
continued his studies in this institution until 
he had finished tlie sophomore year. In 1S96 
he commenced reading law in the office of 
John H. Chad wick, antl was graduated from 
the Bl(.)omington (Illinois) Law School in the 
class of "(jcS. He was immediately admitted to 
the bar and opened an office in Tuscola. He 
is a member of the Masonic order and is a 
Knight of IVthias. In i)olitics he is a Demo- 
crat and takes an acti\e interest in tlie success 
of his [)art)'. 

taught school for seven years in Douglas and 
Coles C(Hmties. In i8(jj he was married to 
Miss Nellie 1. h'ancher. of Charleston. Illinois. 
They ha\e one child. Paid Kenneth. 

Mr. .V\ery is a member <it the Knigbls of 
Pythias and the W'ootlmen. He is a si)lendi(l 
news gatherer, a pungent writer and a young 
man ol splendid reput.ation. 

J. W. ['.OVER. 

J. W. Pioycr, a well known f.armer of Sar- 
gent township, and the present census enu- 
mer.ator hir the same, was born in the \icinity 
(d" Ashmore. Coles county, Illinois, on the i ith 
day of April, 1850. For twenty-five years he 
has lieen identified with the industrial growth 
of his townshi]). and is well and f.avorablv 

J. L. A\'h:PV. 

J. L. A\ery, editor and proprietor of the 
Areola Weekly Ik-raid since .\pril i, iS()3, 
was boi'n lour and one-half miles southeast of 
Areola, in Coles i-oinU\, Illinois, .\o\eniber 
__'5, iS()f). The llerald was founded in the 
year i8S_^|by H, 11, Moore, who conducted it 
unlil a1)Miit ihc _\ear l8()i, when Willis .S. 
Scales bought it and ])ub]ished il iiulil he sold 
it to Mr. .\\ery. The paper is in a tloiirishiiig 
condition, strictly I )eini >i-ialic in ])olilics and 
lull o! local news, with a I'irculation nf aboiu 
lifleen hiin<lred. 

J. L. .\\er\- was educated in the common 

schools, the Areola high school, ;md inok a known as an intelligent ;ind upright citizen. 

teacher's cour,se of two vears. .\fierward he lie is the son of I;imes and Susan (Mack) 
18 ' . \ / 



Boyer, the former a native of Virginia, and tlie 
latter was born in Kentuci<y. As early as 1835 
James Boyer eame and settleil w ith his father, 
Joseph, who was also born in Virginia, and who 
settled in the neighborhood of Ashmore. Here 
Joseph Boyer became one of the first settlers 
and afterward went to Missouri, where he 
died. William Mack (maternal grandfather) 
was also one of the early settlers in the same 
vcinity. James Boyer (father) is at present 
residing in the state of Kansas, at the age of 
seventy-nine years, and his wife is still living 
in the same year, of her age. 

Jospeh Boyer was reared on a farm in 
Douglas county, where he received a very good 
common school education, and went to West- 
field College four terms. His farm of two hun- 
dred and nineteen acres, which lies in the north- 
east part of the township, is well improved and 
valuable. Nearly ever since Mr. Bower's resi- 
dence here he has ser\'ed efficiently as school 
director, and in 1900 was appointed census 
enumerator of Sargent township. In 1875 he 
married Josie, daughter of William Hopkins 
(see further notice of the Hopkins family on 
another page), who was one of the pioneer 
settlers in this section of the county. Mr. 
and Mrs. Boyer have se\en children li\-ing: 
Mamie, Robert, Belva, Clinton, Maggie, James 
and Floyd. 


Re\'. J. V. Martin, jiastur of St. John the 
Baptist church at Ai'cola, Illinois, was born 
in C'hainpliu. Minnesota. No\ember 22, 1857. 

He was educated in the St. Francis College, 
Milwaukee ; St. John's University, Minnesota, 
and subse(]ucntly completed the six-years' di- 
vinity course at the Grand Seminary. Mon- 
treal, Canada, wdiere he was ordained Decem- 
!wr 18, 1886. His first charge was at Spring- 
field, Illinois, wdiere he did hospital service 
for two months; fr(.im there he was transferred 
to Shipman, laboring for two and a half 
years as the regular pastor; thence to Neoga, 
where he remained two years, wdien, in 1891, 
he came to Areola. The church here was 
built al)out thirty-three years ago, with Father 
Manganas as first pastor. The present mem- 
bership of the church is about three hundred, 
situated in the town and in the southwestern 
part of Douglas county. The church is out 
of tlebt and is in a prosperous condition. 

Father Martin is a conscientious worker in 
his church ; he is a thorough Christian gentle- 
man and a de\out worshiper of Christ. 


William H. Fisher, a retired farmer and 
an ex-soldier of the Civil war, came to Doug- 
las county in 1877 and located on a farm two 
and a half miles southeast of zVrcola, which 
he purchased and resided on for four years, 
wdien he removed to Albany, Oregon. In 
1882 he returned to Douglas county and lo- 
cated on a farm in Tuscola township, remain- 
ing here for two years. He then purchased a 
farm east of Galton, which he owned anil re- 
sided upon for ten years, when, in 1893, I't; 
moved to Tuscola, where he at present resides. 



He t)\\ns one Inindrc-tl aiul sixty acres of laiul, 
ni)i"tln\est uf tuwn. 

Our subject was Iioru in Ohio county, In- 
diana, January 7, 1839, and was a son of An- 
drew and Eliza (Hunter) Fisher, the former 
a natixe of lUitler count\-, ( )hio, and the lat- 
ter of Switzerland county, Indiana. His pa- 
ternal grandfather, Jacob Fisher, was a Penn- 
sylvanian by birth. His maternal granil- 
father, John Hunter, was l)orn in Ireland, and 
, subsequent])- emigrated to Switzerland coun- 
ty, Indiana, and then to Ohio county, Indiana. 
Mr. Fisher"s paternal great-grandfather was 
a I\e\ (ilutionar)- soldier, and se\eral other 
memliers of the Fisher fannl_\- were in the In- 
dian and other earl_\- wars. 

\\ illiam 11. h'isher was reared in JclTersnn 
count}', hRliana, <in a larni, and in August, 
1<S()_>, he N'olunteered in the l"".ighl_\-thir(l In- 
diana lulanti\' and serxed until the close of 
the war. He belonged to the Second Di\is- 
ion, Fifteenth Army Corjis, which was organ- 
ized and commanded by Cien. Sherman, and 
later by Lien. Logan. He was in the Ijattles of 
Chickasaw, Miss., Arkansas Post or Hinil- 
nian, Jackson, Mississippi, was through the 
siege of X'icksburg, at Missionary Ridge and 
-Atlanta; also at Joneshoro, P>enton\'ille, North 
Carolina, was with Sherman on his sweep 
til the sea, and was present at the grand re- 
\iew, W ashington, at the close of the war. 

In iSOi) he was wediled to iSIiss Nanc\' J. 
lU'.atty, of Ohio county, Indiana. They had 
lour children: James Ivlward, ]\osanna I>.. 
Eliza 1'... mill William I'ranklin, the latter de- 
ceased. Mrs. I'isber is tlie daughter of 
(ieorge and Rosanna (Snhth) lieattv. Her 
lather was a native of Pentrs\l\ania. and her 
niiither was born in Oh'u) connt\-. Indiana. 

Her grandfathers were Hugh Beatty and 
George Snhth, who came from Pennsyhania. 
Mr. and Mrs. Fisher arc members of the Pres- 
byterian church: he is also a member of the 
Grinid .\rmy of the l\e])ubhc, and independent 
Order of Odd lAllows. 


T. M. Richards, a leading merchant and 
grain buyer of Hayes, Illinois, was born in 
Douglas county, lllinnis. August 7. 18(14, and is 
a sun of riiiim.'is ^'. Uichards. wlni was ;i na- 
ti\e (d 1 l.irdin county. Kenluckw where he was 
burn ill iSiS. The l.atter nii>\ed to this county 
in the 'lorties ami was engaged in farming. 
I le was three times married and was the fa- 



^s *''*^- 



ihei' <i| nine children, of whnm all are dead C-\- 
replnig T. .M. and (i. R. Richards. His last 
wife was I lesler .\. Real, ami she was the moth- 



er of the above named boys (see sketch of Dr. 
J. L. Reat). Thomas Y. Richards died in 

T. M. Richards has been twice married, 
tlrst, in Jannary, 1889, to I\Iiss Dove E. Don- 
nals, daughter of R. T. Donnals, of Tuscola, 
Illinois. She was born December 16, 1866, 
and died November 20, 1894. Their marriage 
was blessed with two children: Beryl E., born 
September 28, 1889, and Theodore T., born 
February 16, 1892. Our subject was again 
married, in October, 1897, to Mrs. Effie M. 
Doty, of Effingham county, her maiden name 
being Baker. She was married to W. Doty 
in 1891. He died December 3, 1893. They 
had one boy, Daniel I. Doty. Mr. and Mrs. 
Richards also have two children: Ralph H., 
born August 4, 1898, and Lee M., born De- 
cember 27, 1899. Mr. Richards is the grain 
agent at Hayes for O. L. Parker, of Tuscola, 
and handles about three hundred thousand 
bushels of oats and corn yearly. He is a mem- 
ber of the Modern Woodmen of America, and 
is a hustler. 


James S. Reeder, postmaster at Garrett. 
to which position he was appointed in July, 
1898. located in Bourlion in 1856. He is a 
son of John A. and Mary B. (Harter) Reeder. 
John A. Reeder was born in Ohio in 181 5 
and died in 1891. David Harter (maternal 
grantlfather) was a native of Virginia. James 
S. was in the Civil war as a private, enlisting 
in Company G, Seventy-ninth . Illinois Regi- 
ment Volunteer Infantry. Going in in Au- 
gust, 1862, he remained out for two years and 
ten months. 


G. R. Richards, who is associated in busi- 
ness with his brother, T. M. Richards, was 


William S. Hammett, retired fanner re- 
siding in Tuscola, was l)orn in Montgomery 
county, Virginia, December 9, 1823, and is 
a son of Jc^hn Hammett (see sketch of James 
R. Hammett). He came with his father from 
Bourbon county, Kentucky, in 1829. He was 
for many years a leading farmer of Camargo 
township and prominent in the early affairs gaged in the livery business in Tuscola, and in 

of the comity. 

liorn in 18G5. He was for several years en- 



iS()(; renioveil to ?Iayes and became associated 
with his lirother. In 181/) he was married to 
Miss Myrtle Johnson, a daui^liter of Wihiam 
T. Joliiison. of 'J'uscohi. Tliey lia\e no chil- 
dren. George is i^iiown as a I)all phixer all o\er 
central Illinois. 


Stephen S. Plenson, a highly respected cit- 
izen, belonging to the old school of gentlemen, 
and who is prol)aI)ly as well and fa\'orahly 
known as any man in the connt}', was horn 
near L'ynthiana. llarrison connty. Kentucky, in 
October, 1827, and is a son of Gide<ih and 
Nancy Shumate. His fatlier was a natix'e of 
Virginia and his mother of Kentucky. The 
fonuer emigrated from Kentucky to A'ermil- 
lion county, near Indianola, in 1834, and, with 
his wife and children, Icicated in the vicinity of 
\^illa Grove, where he entered a large tract of 
land. His chikhxn were: George W. (see 
sketch), .Stephen S., and two daughters, wdio 
were the wives of James Richards and Cole- 
man Bright, respecti\'ely. All the children are 
now' dead except Stephen .S. 

Mr. Henson was about fifteen years old 
when he arrived in Douglas county. He has 
always been engaged in fanuing and at 
present owns a beautiful fanu of two 
hundred and eighty acres, part of which 
is in Di>uglas count^■ rmd ])art in Cham- 
paign. In T853 he was united in 
riage to Miss Nancy K. W'illi.ams, who w;is a 
native of \^ermilioii comity, Illinois, and a 
daughter of Edijali Williams, an e.'irly settler 
in \'ermilioii county, Mrs. Henson was born 

in 1830 and died in 1893. Of this marriage 
there are seven children li\-ing: l-'ranklin, who 
resides just across the road from his father; 
Mantie, who is the wife of Dr. E. S. Smith, 
of C rhana : Lula. wife of Charles Amnion, of 
Carthage, Missouri ; Ward, who resides east 
of Villa Grove on a farm ; Burt, deceased ; 
Flora, at home, and Kitty B., wife of S. W. 
Love, of Urbana. editor of tlie Daily Courier. 
Mr. Henson is a consistent member of the 
]\Iethodist F4)isco])al church at Villa Grove, 
in the ati'airs of which he takes an active in- 


Coleman Bright came to Douglas county 
in 1850 and engaged in retail merchandising, 
and in about i860 remo\ed to Tuscola and re- 
mained a member of the hrm of Piright I'i 
Jones until his death 011 Iul\' jo, 1881. 


W. Avery Howard, who has recently be- 
come a ]iartner in the broom corn business 
w itli W. 1 1. Hancock, is a native of I'ultoiu'ille, 
New ^drk. and was born I'"cbruary 26, 1846. 
His early years were spent at I'ort liunter 
and later he eng.aged in the manufacture of 
broiims here with his uncle, ]'". I iow;ird. In 
188S \\". .\. 1 Inward withdrew .and associated 
himself with Ileiirv llerrick, of .Xmsterdam, 
New 'S'ork, and acted in the c;i[);icity of super- 



intcndcnt <it factory and l)room corn pur- 
chaser. In 1894 he went to St. Louis and 
for three years superintended the hroom corn 
business for Cupple's Wood and Willowware 
Company, the larg'est in the world. In August, 
1898, he located in Tuscola and engaged in 
the broom corn brokerage business. 

He is a son of Silas and Julia A. (Avery J 
Howard. In 1872 he was wedded to Miss 
Emma A. Howe, a daughter of Allen M. 
Howe, wIki resides in the town of Florida, 
Montgomery county. New York. Mr. How- 
ard is a man of culture and education and the 
city of Tuscola has gained in him a represen- 
tati\-e citizen and a thorough student in busi- 
ness affairs. 


N. S. Monroe, of .\rthur, and tlie well- 
known road-machine manufacturer, is a nati\e 
of Shelby county, Indiana, having been born 
eight miles from Shelby\'ille, the county seat, 
January 8, 1851. His parents were Andrew 
J. and Julia .\nn( Huffman )}tIonroe, who were 
also nati\es of Shelliv countv, Indiana. His 
father \\;is a farmer and came to Illimiis in 
1856 and settled in Richland county, thence in 
(866 to Coles county, and three years ago 
moved to Areola, where he is living a retired life. 
N. S. Monroe's grandfathers, Samuel Monroe 
and Jacob Huffman, were both Virginians l)y 
birlli and were pioneer settlers in Shelliy county, 
Indian;!. His grandf.ather Monroe resided in 
Shelby\-ille si.xty years. John Raynes (mater- 
nal grcat-gran(lfather)was born in Maine. John 
Monroe (paternal great-grandfather) was born 

in Virginia and was engaged in the Methodist 
ministry for about sixty years, living to be 
ninety-six years old ; he also had several broth- 
ers who were preachers in the Methodist 
church. N. S. Monroe grew ui)on the farm 
and received only a common-school education. 
He removed to Douglas county and in 1876 
he located on a farm in Bourbon township, 
where he continued to farm up till 1896. The 
farm upon which he resided he still owns ; it 
contains three hundred and seventeen acres. 

In 1876 Mr. Monroe was married to Miss 
Martha A. Leggett, who was born in Terre 
Haute. Se\-en cliildren have blessed their 
union: Charles \\'., .\ndrew J., Margaret M.. 
George W'., Julia E., Ora B. and Alice J. He 
is a member of the Methodist church and the 
Masonic fraternity. In 1894 he founded his 
present road-machine manufactory at Arthur, 
and it promises to be one of the leading in- 
dustries of its kind in the country. His build- 
ing is 13JX35 feet in size. The advantages of 
the jMonroe road-machine when working on 
a pike are that you do not have to put one horse 
in the ditch while cutting ofif a shoulder, as tlic 
bars e.vtend out so that the team and machine 
can tra\-el on the road. The fact that the Mon- 
roe road-machine will do so much more work 
than other machines with the same [lower lies 
simph' in the construction of the machine. The 
bars acting against each other there is no wide 
draft and no power lost, and the machine will 
not slide into the ditch. The bars work in- 
dependently of the upward and downward ac- 
t'on n{ the frame caused by the unevenness of 
ilie road. 

L'nder date of February 2;^. 1900, the Ar- 
thur (irai)hic copies from the Southern Re- 
N'iew of Commerce, uf Louisville, Kentucky, 



dated February 7, 1900, tlie following: '"As 
a result we tind that 'The Monroe Road IVIa- 
chine," a product of N. S. Monroe, Arthur, 
llhnois. who is the patentee and manufacturer 
nf this machine, is the best on the marl<et. In 
an eihtiirial hke this it is impossible to give all 
the details of our recent investigation of this 
subject, but we wish to state that the above 
named machine is vastly superior to all other 
makes because it is made of the l:)est material 
regardless of cost; it is constructed strictly on 
scientific and mechanical principles: is strong 
and durable and every machine sold by Mr. 
Monroe is fully guaranteed. 

"This machine scrajjcs ten to twenty feet at 
a time, leaving a perfectly smooth road and one 
free from all ridges. It is a practical road ma- 
chine for successful work (.m either dirt or 
gravel roads, and those wlio have used it pro- 
nnunce 'The Monroe Road Machine" the finest 
that is on the market, wdiile practical mechanics 
sa\- it is the acme nf perfection in this line of 
in\entii)n. and that an\- man of ordinary judg- 
ment can iijjerate it witli ease and safety and 
perform perfect work with it. Its efficiency, 
tlurability, sim])licity and the cheap price at 
which it is put mi the market certainly recom- 
mend this machine to all who desire to secin^e 
perfect roads. 

"We advise our iufpiirers, or all interested 
readers, to write Air. Monroe direct for further 
and detailed information. He is a gentleman 
well known for his business tact and enter- 
prise, his conimercial rating is of the highest 
order .and all parties dealing with him can rest 
assured tli;it he will make good c\ery repre- 
sentation that he may m.ake. 

"This unsolicited editorial endorsement is 
made in strict accordance with the policy of 

the Review, w Inch is to give credit w here credit 
is due in every investigation that we make for 
our readers, whose interests alone we seek to 
serve. The Monroe svstem of road work 
should be given careful in\'estigation as it 
should be adopted to obtain the best results 
when the machine is used." 


Jacob Moore, the pioneer of the family of 
Moores in the county, was a n.ative of Ken- 
tucky. His wife, .Amanda Rice, was also born 
in Kentucky. They came to Douglas county 
in the spring of 1S34. In the same year he 
])urchased from Sigler Lester forty acres of 
land, and afterward .added about two thousand 
nioi'e. 1 le died in iSOo. and his wife in iSfi^. 
riiey ten childi"en: the eldest of whom, 
William T. Moore, was born in I'ark count)', 
Indiana, September 5, iiSjo. 


.\Ky j. I'.arke is one of the luistling. go- 
;ihead, young business men of the count v, lo- 
cated .at llindsboro, engaged in the gr.ain .and 
implement business', born on ;i f.ann in 
.S.argeiU towiishi]i ^^ar(•h it, TS76, ;nid is a 
>^<'n of r,. I', and ll.arriet ( ) P.arke. 
r>ofh of his ])arents were born in Champaign 
county, are living, and t'or the past year resided 



in Slielhy county, Tennessee. Mr. Parke was 
reared to manhodd on the farm and received 
his education in tlie high school of Oakland. 
In 1897 he married Miss Myrtle Lewis. 

A. J. Parke started up in his present husi- 
ness in November, 1898, and is doing an im- 
mense business solely on his own account. Last 
yeai" he bought in the neighborhood of eighty 
th(^usand bushels of corn, liesides other grain, 
and finds a market at Terre Haute, Indiana. 
He has completed a building 32x60 feet, 
and has it filled with the best grade of the Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, buggies, the celebrated Mitchell 
wagon and farm machinery of all descriptions. 
Mr. I^arke's future in the business world seems 
unusually bright, and his characteristic push 
and his re])utation for square dealing will.un- 
(iou])tedly bring him just results. 


Jesse R. P>eggs, president of the First Na- 
tional I'.ank of Areola, douljtless enjoys the 
distinction of being the \'oungest national bank 
])residcnt in tlie state. He has occu])ied this im- 
portant position since the death of his father, 
whom he succeeded in February, 1895. He was 
Ijorn in .\rcola, August 19, 1868, and was edu- 
cated in the pul)lic schouls of the \'illage. His 
father. James Beggs. was liorn in Clark county, 
near Charlestown, the old county seat. He came 
to .\iTo1a in 1858, where be followed a most 
successful business career up to the tune of his 
death. 1 lis wife was .\manda Brentlinger, who 
was also horn in tlie same town. On the or- 
ganization of the hank, in 1874, he was chosen 

its first president, though he had had banking 
cxi)erience since 1866. The present capital of 
the liank is fifty thousand dollars, with a sur- 
])lus of ten thousand dollars, and one hundred 
and twenty thousand dollars average deposits. 
Laider its present management it is doing a 
flc;)urishing business, and is one of the most sub- 
stantial banking" houses in central Illinois. 

In 1892 our subject was married to Miss 
Florence M. McMillan, of Areola. Mr. Beggs 
has many substantial and devoted friends and 
no young man is more favorably known 
throughout the county than he. 


Marion \\'atson, of Arthur, after reading 
law under the instruction of William H. Wh't- 
taker, of Sulli\-an, was admitted to practice 
law before the supreme court of tlie state in 
1896. He was horn on a farm near Bloom- 
tield, Greene county, Indiana, Octolier 29, 1864. 
llis education was received in the common 
schools, ami he afterward attended a short 
term at the normal at Dan\ille. Indiana. He 
remained on the farm in his native county 
until 1883, when he came to Illinois, locating 
in Douglas county, and spent two seasons as a 
common work hand on the farm, working one 
winter during this time for his board and 
attending school. Subsequently lie taught 
schodl for six years in the county. In 1892 
Mr. Watson succeeded W. IT. H. Reedcr in 
the insurance and real estate business, since 
w hicli time he has been \-ery su.'cess- 
luUy eng;iged iii this l>usines.s iji connection 



with his law practice. He has a most complete 
law lihrary, and tjiie as x'aried as those gen- 
crall}- found in cities. 

On Se])temher 5. 1892, he was uniteil in 
marriage with Miss I\ y J., daughter of James 
and Belle (Jammn, of Edgar countw Illinois. 
They have four children : Esther Marie, [\alph 
Waldo, Gladys and Grace. 

Marion Watson is the son of Dale and 
Ouintilla (Payne) Watson, who were prob- 
ably born in Virginia. Dale came to Indiana 
with his father, John Watson, and they were 
among the early settlers of Greene cc lait}". 
His maternal grandfather, William Payne, was 
a native of North Carolina. 

Mr. Watson has served one term as pres- 
ident of the \illage board of .Arthur; served a 
[lart of a term as justice of the peace, ond one 
term as assessor of I'ourbon township, and is 
a member and trustee of the liaptist church. 
Mr. \\'atson h;is fought his own way to the 
Iront over many obstacles, and occui)ies at 
present an cn\iable an<l honorable position 
among his pmlessional bretlnxMi of the countv, 
lia\ing the confidence of the entire community 
in which he li\es. In political oiiinion he is a 
stanch beliexer in the tenets and principles of 
the regular Democracy as laid down in the Chi- 
cago platform of 1896. 

SA.MCb.l. W. SMir.lA'. 

.Srnnucl W. Smilcw gr;iin btiNcr .at West 
Ividge, and member of the lirm of .Snn'lev iK.- 
Watson ( r., T. W.-itMm.of llonrbdu ), is one of 
the wide-awake and energetic business men of 

the county. He came to Douglas count\- in 
1889, and located in Boiu'bon townshi|), where 
he was engaged in business. .Snbsecjuently he 
ami I!. T. Watson forme<l their partnership, 
and .Mr. Smiley located at West Ridge. This 
lirni bought at this place from Julv r to No- 
\ember lo. i8(;9 130.000 bushels of corn and 

Samuel W. Smiley was born at Greencastle, 
Indiana. Eebruarv 11, 1855, and is the son of 
Jonathan and Mary (Warner) Smiley. They 
are both dead. Mr. Smiley's i)arents removed 
from Greencastle to Stanford, Kentucky, where 
he was principal]\- reared and educated. In 1876 
he was married to Miss Elizabeth Hester Has- 
barger, and six children have been born to their 
marriage. Mr, Smiley's grandfather, Jona- 
than Smiley, was a nati\e \Mrgini;ui; his ma- 
ternal grand feather was Samuel \\ arner. .Mr. 
Smiley is postmaster at West Ridge, owns (jne 
hundred and si.xty acres of land in Camargo 
townshi]), and is ra|)iillv coming to the front 
as one of Douglas countv's most successlul 
business men. 

WILI.IA.M b.. .VTWl-.LL. 

William li. .Vlwell was born in I'.racken 
county, Kentucky, in the year .\. 1). 1 83 r , 
and tlicre grew to man's estate, when he mo\-ed 
to a f.-uin in I'ciidlclou countv in the same 
slate. lie wt'diK-d .Miss Nancy Barrett, of' ( '\ iitlii;in;i. .She died in June, 1897. I'ley t w el\ e children. ;ill of win im .arc li\ing ;uicl 
doing well in ihe wdi'ld. .Mr. .\twell is a son 
of William and Crsla (iMclds) .\twell, who 
wei'c nati\es (jf old X'irginia. Mis grand- 



fathers were Hugh Atwell and Leban Fields, 
the former born in Virginia and the latter in 
North Carolina.. Mr. Atwell. who is a warm 
hearted gentleman, for which his state is 
noted, has for several years made his home 
with one of his daughters, Mrs. Elizabeth M. 
W'veth, in her beautiful country seat in Gar- 
rett township. 


Charles A. Hawkins, the present gentleman- 
ly county clerk, was born in Pickaway county, 
Ohio, May 25, i860, and is a son of William 
and Sarah (Hard) Hawkins, natives of the 
same state. His father died in 1866. Mr. 
Hawkins was principally educated at Dan- 
ville, Indiana, and spent two and a half years 
teaching. He served his township ( Newman) 
as tax collector and supervisor, antl in Niivem- 
ber, 1898, was elected county clerk. 

On October 7, 1884, Mr. Hawkins mar- 
ried Louisa J. Curtis, of Newman, and they 
have four children: Claude A., Opal B., Pearl 
L. and Jav M.. Our subject is a Mason and a 
Knight of Pythias and is active in Republican 


.■\lcx;uider McNeill, farmer, was a son of 
Alex.-uKler ;nid Nancy (Montgomery) Mc- 
Neill, and was born in Ireland March 10, 1808. 
The lirsl twenty-six years of his life he .spent 
in bis native land. In 1834 he emigrated to 

America, landing in Philadelphia. Thence, 
two months later, went to Paris, Bourbon coun- 
tv, Kentucky, where, upon letters of introduc- 
tion from his uncles in the old country, he ob- 
tained a situation as clerk in a cotton establish- 
ment. After a year he accepted a position as 
clerk in a dry goods store at Owensville, Bath 
county, Kentucky, where he remained six years, 
then sold goods on his own account in the same 
town, having been saving and diligent during 
his seven years' clerkship, which enabled him 
to engage in Inisiness for himself. Owing to 
ill health, after about four years in mercantile 
l)ursuits, he bought a large farm in Bat'i coun- 
ty, Kentucky, and began farming, which has 
been his principal pursuit since. It is proper 
to here note the causes which induced his re- 
luoval from Kentucky to Illinois. Soon after 
coming to America he became a Whig, then a 
Republican and the breaking out of the Civil 
war found him a Union man. Bath county, his 
home, was the constant scene of guerrilla war- 
fare, and men like Mr. McNeill lived in a state 
of constant jeopardy. In 1863 his home was 
invaded by a party of fifteen men, whose en- 
mity Mr. McNeill had incurred liy his out- 
spoken, patriotic sentiments. The inmates 
were overpowered, ]\Ir. McNeill shot three 
times in different parts of the body and left 
for dead. His wife was shot once through the 
feet, and the child in the nurse's arms had a 
bullet sent through its clothing. In conse- 
quence of this and the intoleration of free 
speech, in 1864 he sold his farm of five bun- 
dred and sixty-six acres and came to Douglas 
county and located on the large farm where 
be afterward resided, then little developed, but 
later finely improved, with large two-story resi- 
lience and surrounding adornments. January 



30, 1844, lie married ]\ jMinerva lies, of 
Bath county. Kentucky, an intelligent Chris- 
tian lady, to whose encouragement and frugal- 
ity Mr. McNeill largely attributed his success. 
Mr. and Mrs. McNeill were members of the 
Methodist church, and had the confidence and 
esteem of all who knew them. 


Kimb.ill Glassco was burn X'oxeiiiber K), 
18 19, in Hardin county, Kentucky, three 
miles from the birtli])lace of Lincoln. His fa- 
ther, Enoch Glassco, a farmer, moved to Coles 
ci unity, Illinois, in 1828, and there died in 
|8_^5; his wife was Rachel I'arltun. The fam- 
ily <if luKicb Glassco was the sixth that set- 
tled in Coles county, and located there while 
yet the Indians were (|uite numerous and wolves 
present by the thousand, ;nid to reach a mill 
they bad to go twenty-eight miles. Kimball 
Glassco had no school advantages for four 
years after coming to Illinois: then, with but 
few books, such as could be borrowed, he at- 
tended a snljscriptioii school ;ind hoed corn to 
]i;iy tuition. His clothing was one pair of 
shoes a _\'ear, made out of lionic-tanned leather, 
buckskin ])aiits and linsey shirt. When Kim- 
b.all was si.xteen years old his t'.ather died; then 
he Worked out by the month for three years 
to support the f.imiK', he being tlie eldest son 
at home, lie then le;irned brickmaking and 
])l;istering. \vorke<l ;it contr;uiing ,-nid building 
seventeen years in t 'h;irlestoii, then went into 
mercantile business in Cluirleston for four 
years, then went to farming, owning one thou- 

sand acres of I;md. In 1862 he moved to 
Greencastle, Indiana, to educate his children. 
His sons enlisting in the war of 1865, he re- 
turned to Douglas county, Illinois, and again 
engaged in fanning. He was married Feliru- 
ary i, 1844, to Margaret Reat ; she died De- 
cember 2O, 1880. His second wife was Hester 
Richards, formerly Hester Reat, sister of his 
tlrst wife. Mr. Glassco was well accjuainted 
with the Lincoln family, and often went to the 
grist mill belonging to Tom Lincoln, the father 
of Abe. He knew .Abe from the time he was 
three years old and sat on juries in cases Lin- 
coln was trying. Altliongh Mr. (llassco was ;i 
lifelong Democrat, he alwavs x'oted for Lin- 
coln when that lamented ni;uivr w;is a candi- 
date for office. 


John N. Outcelt was born March 4, i83(;), 
in .Muskingum couiitx', ( )bio, bis father, lolin, 
being a farmer and a nati\e of Rennsyl\-ania. 
Mis grandfather, J;icob ( )utcelt, came to the 
L'nited States from .Scotland and settled in 
neilf(inl county, I 'ennsylvani;i. llis mother 
was .M.Hi'}- McClain, of liedford count\', in the 
same state. He was the youngest child, .-nid 
.'It sixteen left home, came to Illinois ;md for 
two years sold lightning rods ;md s;i\ed bis 
earnings, with which be ])ru'd tuition and other 
I'xpenses in .iltending school one \i-ar in .St. 
Louis. l'|) to the time of le;i\ing home he 
b;iil const.anth' ;ilteniled sclionj. After leaving 
the St. l.onis .school be sold tombstones for a 
St. Loui,s lirm for three j'e.ars, then worked 



on a farm on Fort Harrison prairie, north of 
Terre Haute, for a short time and in July, 1861, 
came to Douglas county. In Feliruary, 1862, 
he went to St. Louis, enlisted in Company I, 
I'irst Missouri Volunteer Infantry, and in 1864 
veteranized. Five months after veteranizing 
lie went into Company F, Thirteenth Misscuri 
Cavalrv, and in December, 1864, was promoted 
to a lieutenancy and assigned to Company L, 
same regiment. After the surrender of Lee 
Mr. Outcelt went on an Indian campaign into 
C(jlorado and New Mexico, tie received his 
final discharge from the service in June, 1866. 
At the battle at Independence, Missouri, he, 
with four companions, unexpectedly ran on 
to a masked battery of three cannons and eight 
or ten confederate soldiers, which they suc- 
ceeded in capturing, being immediately re-en- 
forced. For this service he was promoted. At 
the close of the war he returned to Douglas 
countv and farmed three years. He then was 
appointed deputy county clerk, which position 
he held up to 1880, and was then appointed 
clerk for a term of four years. He was former- 
ly a Democrat, but at the fall of Fort Sumter 
became a Republican. He was a Mason and a 
member of the Christian church. 


James R. Hammett, named for his father, 
whose full history and plate is im another Jiagc, 
was born in Camargo lownshi]). l")onglas 
county. Illinois, December 26, A. D. 1870. 
He was princii)ally educated in the North- 
western Cniversity at Evanston, Illinois, where 

he remained three years. In 1897 he married 
Miss Conchita Kelley, of the state of Chi- 
huahua, Mexico. They have two lovely ba- 
l)ies : Helen and Blanche. Jimmie and his 
familv live happily in their beautiful home, 
which constitutes a part of the old homestead. 


Thomas S. Wyatt, ex-sheriff of Douglas 
county, was born in Todd county, Kentucky, 
January 13, 1838. His father, Needham 
Wyatt, a blacksmith, was born in Tennessee. 
Thomas Wyatt, the father of Needham, was 
born in North Carolina ; was a Revolutionary 
soldier, and was at the surrender of Lord Corn - 
wallis. The mother of Thomas S. Wyatt was 
Mrs. Martha A. (Mann) Wyatt, sister of Rev. 
^Villiam W. Mann, a prominent member of the 
Methodist church of Kentucky. Thomas S. 
Wyatt's early life was spent in his father's 
blacksmith shop. He received but ten months' 
schooling, yet became a fair scholar through 
studious habits. At the age of nineteen years 
lie began business for himself as a carpenter, 
which trade he fiillowed for two years in 
Muhlenburg countv. Kentucky; he next fol- 
lowed farming: then, in 1865, came to this 
county and built a blacksmith shop seven miles 
northeast of Camargo, which he conducted un- 
til iSSo, when he was elected sheriff. In 1882 
he was re-elected by a majority of six hundred 
;ind fortv. He had previously, while engaged 
in his trade, been a justice of the peace for nine 
vears. In vouth he united with the Methodist 
church; has been a class leader and Sunday 



school superintendent, and was licensed as a 
preacher in 1875, since when he has preached 
often. He organized a society in Jordan school- 
house, Camarg'o township, which society after- 
V ard liuilt a large church, wherein he ])reached 
l;is lirst sermon. He is a Mason antl a Repnh- 
lican, and voted fi^r .Mirahani Lincoln in Ken- 
tucky. Decemher 30. 1S57, he married Cas- 
cinda Smith, of Muhlcnhurg cnunty, Ken- 


James II. Howe was Imrn June i, 1832, in 
l'>om-l)on county, Kentucky. April 5, 1838, he 
came with his niniher to \'ermilion county, 
Illinois: he was reared and educated in Ver- 
milion and Champaign counties. In his youth- 
ful days he traveled considerahly, and, in 1834, 
came to Hougias count}'; two years later he 
hought the Williams farm, which he imprdved 
and afterward sold. He was largely engaged 
in the live stock husiness, handling as high as 
one hundred thuusand dullars in a vear. In 
the spring of iSS_> he was elected justice of the 
peace and was also high\\a\- commissioner. He 
was m.arried in 1837 tu h'hza J. Lester, who 
was horn in (iarrett tuwushij). 

lOHN C. r,.\RNES. 

John C. n.arnes, ])hysician and lumhcr deal- 
er, w;i> horn in lelTersnn cnunU', lndi;ma, Sej)- 
lemher 27, 1833. i lis grand fathei", John, came 

from Culpeper county, Virginia, to Indiana in 
J 800. McCianntm Barnes, father of John C, 
was horn in Jefferson count\', while his wife, 
Rehecca Fonts, was a native of Clark county, 
Indiana. John C. Iku'ues was the eldest in a 
family of ten children ; he was given a tlK)rough 
educational training, attending first the com- 
ruon schools, then llano\-er .Vcademv in Jeffer- 
son county, Indiana, and in 1833 gr.aduated 
from Scott's Commercial College, Indianapolis. 
At twenty years of age he began for himself, 
clerking in a store and i)ost office at Hanover 
four years. Ai)ril 24. 1860, he married Mrs. 
Elizabeth Coombs, After marriage he took 
a coiu'se of lectures at the Eclectic Medical In- 
stitute, Cincinnati. In 1866 he came to Doug- 
las count}', first landing at the present site of 
llindsboro, then a waste prairie, but went 
direct to Coles count}'; after a year there he 
bought a farm three miles west of Hindsboro, 
which he imjjroved and su])erintended in con- 
nection w ith his practice of uKHlicine until 1883, 
when he sold out, came to Hindsl)oro and en- 
gaged in keeping a lumber yard in connection 
with his practice, lie is a memlier of the Ma- 
sonic lodge, of .\rcola. and Odd b'elhiws lodge. 
-\<'- 371. of Hin(Ll)oro. I'oliticallv. he is a 
Democrat and in i8<S_' was candidate for Con- 
gress on the Greenback ticket; he wris a mc-m- 
ber ol the con\'ention at lndiana])olis that nom- 
inated iienjamin b". lUuler for iiresideiit in 
1884. lie stands high socialh' and i.i one in 
wliose opinions the communit}' has great con- 
fidence. 1 lis cliaritN' ;ind generosity are marked 
traits of his char;u-ler. Mrs. llarnes was born 
and rearc'd in Cl.u'k connl\', Indian;i, and is a 
daughter of Absalom .'uid Xancy Rower, iler 
grand fallier. Adam, w ,'is bi u'n 1 m the 1 ice;m while 
his ])ai'ents were enroule for .Xmei'ica from 



Germany in 1754. Her father came to Indiana 
from North Carohna with his parents in 180G. 
Mrs. Barnes was echicated at the seminary at 
Washington, Indiana, and remained at home 
nntil her marriage to Jesse Coombs, a farmer of 
Clark connty, Indiana, wlio died December 8, 
1853. After the death i)f lier husband slie at- 
tended and taught school until 1855, when she 
began the study of medicine for which, from 
early childhood, she had a natural inclination 
and talent. After preparatory study in the of- 
fice of Dr. Joseph Hostetler, she attended lec- 
tures at and graduated from the Eclectic Medi- 
cal Institute of Cincinnati in 1857, then settled 
in Clark county, where she practiced till her 
marriage to Dr. Barnes. Since coming to Illi- 
nois she has constantly practiced nntil quite 
recently and has an eminent standing profes- 
sionally and socially. 


James S. Reeder was born March 4, 1840, 
in Darke county, Ohio, and came with his 
parents in 1856 to this locality, where he en- 
gaged in farming. He enlisted .August, 1862, 
in Company G, Seventy-ninth Illinois Infantry, 
and served three years. At the battle of Stone 
River, December 31, 1862, he was wounded 
and taken prisoner; after being in the enemy's 
lines twentv-scven days he was exchanged, and 
participated in the battles of Liberty Gap and 
Chickamanga; at the latter, Septeml)er 19, 
1 863, he was cajitured and taken to Richmond 
pristm. thence to Andersonx'ille, Charleston, 
South Carolina, and Florence, making seven- 

teen months in all spent in prison. At the close 
of the war he returned and engaged in farm- 
ing. He was married December 2, 1865, to 
Marv ^1. Kelly, who was born in Winchester, 
Luliana. He resides in Arthur. 

J. B. RIGNEY, M. D. 

J. B. Rigney, M. D., was born in Paoli, Or- 
ange connty, Indiana, and is the son of Will- 
iam H. Rigney, who held the offices of sheriff, 
treasurer and collector. At about the age of 
sixteen he, with his family, moved to Terre 
Haute, Indiana, and for three years resided on 
a farm. Finding rural pursuits distasteful, he 
turned his attention to medicine. He com- 
menced his studies under Dr. James H. Sher- 
wood and continued with him for three years, 
when he went to Chicago and attended the 
Rush Medical College, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1863. He then enlisted as hospital 
steward, serving nntil January, 1866, when he 
returned and practiced medicine eleven miles 
south of Terre Haute, and in 1867 came to 
Arthur, where he has since resided. In 1868 
he marrietl Miss Ora F. McDonald, of Mat- 


John Whitaker was born in Vigo connty, 
Indiana, March u. 1833, ;md is the son of 
William and bdiz.-ibeth (Taylor) Whitaker, 
who were natives of Kentuckv. His father was 



iKirn in 1803 and dictl in 1846. Jnlni Whitakcr 
came to Douglas count_v in 1856. located on 
section 13. Bourbon township, where he bi.iugiu 
a farm ol eighty acres, on which he lived five 
years ; this property he then sold and purchased 
eighty acres later on. At present he owns in all 
two hundred and forty acres; this farm he has 
ini])ro\ed with buildings at a cost of about two 
thousand dollars. He has been township com- 
niissioner for about five years. In i860 he 
married Hannah Davis, who was born in Vigo 
county. Indiana. She died and he subsequently 
married Mrs. Yeager, of Areola. In 1898 they 
commenced the construction of the Douglas 
hotel and on April 19. 1899. it was swung open 
to the general pulilic. This Imtel is by far the 
best in e\er_\- wa_\- of all other i>ulilic inns in the 
count v. 


William 11. I'liandlcr, a well 1%-nown stock 
buyer of the county and a resident <d' liourlion 
township, was born in Douglas county. Illinois, 
-March (\ iS5_>. lie is a sou nf Lenuiel 
Chandler (for the ancestry of the family, see 
sketch.) When yet a boy, William 1'.. Chand- 
ler entered the L'ni\ersity of Illinois at Cham- 
paign and was graduate<l therefruui with a de- 
gree of B. S. in the class of 187(1. lu 1885 he 
served in the capacity of clerk to the Indian 
commission at ^'ankton and continued in this 
cajiacity for four years. He then went to 
Pueblo. C'ol(ir;ido. where he engaged success- 
fully in the pnictice of law for three years. On 
account of the sickness of his father and busi- 
ness interests at home, he returned in 1892, 

since which time he has lieen ((uite e.\tensively 
engaged in farming and stock Inlying. 

In 1883 Mr. Chandler was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Belle Augusta Bailey, of Tus- 
cola. They have no children. Our subject is 
a Democrat in politics and the only office he 
ever hekl was that of town clerk of Bourbon 
township soon after he reached the age of man- 
hood. Mr. Chandler is well and favorably 
known throughout the county, is a man of good 
business ability and dexoted to the highest and 
best interests of Douglas countians. 

W. D. REED. 

W. D. Reed, the assessor of Bowdre town- 
ship, was l)orn on the old Reed homestead in 
the same township March 14, 185J. and is a son 
of the gallant B. I'rank Reed, wdio fell at the 
battle of Chickamauga, and for whom the G. 
.\. R. Post at Tuscola is named, and whose 
]Mirtrait adorns this i)age. He was Ixirii in 
Bourbon county, Kentuck}-, and emigrated 
with his father, Daniel, to Ivlgar county, when 
he was but eight years old. Daniel Reed 
touuded the old ta\ern or road liouse at Hick- 
ory (irove between .\'e\vm;m ;iiid lii(li,-iuola. 
He \-olunteered in the Ci\il war .-md became 
captain of Company 1). l-'irst Illinois Regiment. 
lie was united in m.irriage to Catherine, a 
daughter of William liarnett, wdio lived in 
Camargo and was one of the early settlers. 

W. D. Reeil Ii;is been assessor of r.dwdrc 
towiislii]) contimii >iisl\- for ti\'e rears. He was 
married in 1874 to Ida I... a daughter of |. 
11. ]5agley. They lia\e had hve children, of 



wliinn Ward, Clark, Fred and Mary are liv- 
ing, and Maud is dead. Mr. Reed is a stanch 
Democrat in politics, as was also his father, 
Captain Reeil. 


William Brian, Sr., was Ijorn May 6, 1806, 
in Ross county, Ohio, and in 1837 he came 
to Coles, now Douglas, county ; he entered about 
one thousand acres of land when coming here, 
and has owned as high as three thousand acres. 
He had learned the Ijlacksmitlrs trade in Ohio. 
and followed it about twenty years here. On 
one occasion, when shoeing a Methodist preach- 
er's horse, he nailed the shoes on with the toe- 
corks behind. The preacher remonstrated with 
him for doing so; his reply was, "The devil 
takes after these Methodist preachers, antl I 
thought I would make him take the back track." 
He was married October i, 1829, to Anna 
Lewis, who was born in Pike county, Ohio, 
May 4, 1805. They had nine children, six of 
whom are here named : Thomas, James, Mary 
(wife of R. E. H. Westfall), William T., Tay- 
lor W. and Samuel. His death occurred a few 
vears since. 


John W. King, of Newman, who has for 
several years been prominent in the politics of 
the county, and at present is associated with the 
.Xcwinan bank, was born in Bourbon countv. 
Kentucky, October 13, 1 84 1. He is a son of 

David A. and Jane Elizabeth (Mitchell) King, 
who were natives of Clark and Montgomery 
counties, Kentucky, respectively. His father, 
who was born in 1818, followed the occupa- 
tion of farming, removed from Kentucky to 
Champaign county, Illinois, in 1855, and tliere 
his death occurred in 1896. His mother died 
in 1882, aged fifty years. His paternal grand- 
father, Robert Cass King, was a native of Vir- 
ginia, and his maternal grandfather, John W. 
Mitchell, was also born in Virginia, in Culpeper 

John \\'. King was reared on his father's 
farm and attended the public schools of the 
neighborhood. In 1862 he joined Company 
G. Se\-enty-secoiul Illinois Volunteers, as 
a pri\ate, and served three years antl 
four months, part of the time as a 
non-commissioned otHcer. After the war 
he entered the state normal school, where he 
reiuained for three years. Leaving there he at- 
tended Bryant & Stratton's Business College at 
Chicago, where he remained one year. He 
then taught school for some years in Cham- 
paign county, when, in 1872, he caiue to New- 
man, and for three years held the principalship 
of the Newman schools. In 1875 he was elect- 
ed to the office of county superintendent to 
lill a \acancy, which he held up to the next gen- 
eral election in 1877, when he was re-electetl 
and served up till 18S1. In April of the latter 
year he resigned to accept the appointment of 
postmaster of Newman, which position he held 
under the administrations of both Garfiekl and 
Arthur. At the exi)iration of his term he ac- 
cepted the [)osition of bookkeeper in the New- 
luan Bank, which position he held up till 1890. 
In that year he was elected county clerk, and 
was re-elected in 1894, serving in that office 



up until 189S, wlieu he re-entered the Newman 
Bank. In 1872 Mr. King was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Kate C. Fry, of near Cham- 
jiaign. They liave live children : Blanche, Earl 
G., Katie W., Roscoe W. and Harry T. Mr. 
King has been collector of Newman township 
some four or five terms; is a member of nearly 
all the secret societies, is trustee of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church at Newman, and a 
stanch Republican in politics. Both as a .soldier, 
officer and citizen Mr. King has been faith- 
ful in the discharge of his regular duties and 
the perfi.irmance of any special wiirk assigned 
to him. 


Thomas W. Ri)berts, the l>right young law- 
yer of Tuscola, attorney for the I. D. & W. 
R. R. Co. and city attorney, has from the hum- 
ble walks of life i)ressed his way to the front 
and to-day stands among the leading and most 
successtul lawyers at the bar. 

1 hom.'is \\ . Roberts was born in Owens- 
burg, (ireen county. Indiana, Mav i, 1866, and 
soon thereafter came with his ])arents to Doug- 
las county, and located at Camargo, where 
young Robert .attended school until si.xteen 
years of age. In iSSj his f;ither removed to 
Tuscola, and there the young man learned the 
turner's trade. But that was only a means to 
an end. and in \HH(> he was ajjpointed to a clerk- 
ship in the treasury de])artment at Washington, 
wlieie be worked day time and attended school 
at night, ;nid for four years continued in the 
])rei)aratory department of Georgetown Univer- 
sity, after which be took a four-years' course 
in the law dep.-iitmenl of the s.ame institution 

and was graduated in 1892. Mr. Roberts was 
at once admittetl to the bar of Illinois, anil en- 
tered upon his chosen profession, becoming the 
l)artner of the late C. W. W'oolverton (see 
sketch), with whom he continueil until the 
death of his associate in 1895, since which time 
Mr. Roberts has continued in the practice alone. 
He is attorney for the I. D. & W. R. R. Co. 
in Illinois, attorney for the Corn Belt Building 
& Loan Association, attorney for the bank of 
Baughman, Bragg & Co. and this along with 
his other practice makes him a very busy man. 

Mr. Roberts is a son of Henry Clay and 
Anna Elizabeth (Sleet) Roberts, both natives 
of Kentucky. Henry Clay Roberts came to 
Douglas county in 1870, and here resided for 
some years ; later he removed to South Dakota, 
where he at present lives. He was a member 
of the Ninety-seventh Regiment, Indiana, in tiie 
Civil war. volunteered in 1861, and was mus- 
tereil out in i8')5. Thomas Roberts (grand- 
father) was one of the early Virginia settlers 
in Boone county, Kentucky, as was his grand- 
father Sleet. 

In June, 18SS. Mr. Roberts wedded Mrs. 
Jennie Sharp, a d.ingbter of R. II. B. Madison, 
of Tuscola. Two children have blessed their 
union: Irene Elizabeth and Rali)h Henry. In 
Alasonry he is a Kniglit 'i\'mpl;n", ;i sl;uich 
Democr.'it in ])olitics, and is poi)nlar .-nid intlii- 
eiUiai ill the county. 

w Asiii.xcrox I). r,()\cb:. 

Washington l)a\id lioyce was born at the 
foot of nine Ridge near l.eesbtn-g. Lee county, 
\irginia, in the ve;ir .\. I). 1802 and dieil in 



Camargo township in February, 1882. He 
was among the first settlers in that township, 
where he entered forty acres of land. He es- 
tablished the first blacksmith shop at the vil- 
lage of .'vlbany. 


Robert McKaig is one of the pioneer set- 
tlers of Tuscola township, who came in 1857. 
He and his wife are members of the Presby- 
terian church and highly respected in their 


We copy from a recent issue of the Tus- 
cola Review : 

"J- T. Butler, of this city, secretary and 
manager of the Corn Belt National & Loan 
Association, had received intelligence from his 
brother in California, that he had struck a gold 
mine of unparalleled richness, and that our fel- 
low citizen was a half owner in the new won- 

"The editor knowing that Mr. Butler was 
a man who shunneil notoriety and would be 
loth to give out information that would bring 
him intii such prominence as an article of this 
kind necessarily will, approached him on the 
subject. He was at first disinclined to talk on 
the sul)ject. but learning that it had become 
generally known throughout the city, he con- 
sented to make a statement, in order that the 
public might gel the facts and facts only. As 

Mr. Butler is a man of unimpeachable character 
and known to be a truthful and conservative 
man. we ha\'e the fullest confidence in his state- 
ment . 

"The following facts have been given us 
by Mr. Butler, and his host of friends in this 
city are happy to know that he has suddenly 
become, or will soon become, the wealthiest 
man not only in Tuscola, but probably in the 
state of Illinois. 

"He states that he has a brother. Dr. Thom- 
as Butler, a prominent and reputable physician 
of San Diego, who has been in the gold regions 
of that and other states for thirteen years, and 
who has always prospected more or less. About 
three months ago his brotlier visited the great 
Dewey mine in what is known as the "Grape- 
vine" district, sixty miles east of San Diego. 
This range of mountains is probably a spur of 
the San Barnadino range and are called the 
Vulcan mountains. The Dewey mine is a late 
discovery and was recently capitalized at one 
million dollars. It is regarded as a wonder." 


William T. Brian, one of the old and favor- 
ably known citizens and a member of one of the 
pioneer families of the county, was born in 
1845 '•'^ Douglas county, and is a son of Will- 
iam and Anna Lewis Brian, who were born in 
the same county. William Brian (father) lo- 
cated in what is known now as the Brian neigh- 
borhood in about the year 1843, where he en- 
tered a large tract of land at one dollar and 
twenty-five cents an acre, and adding to that 



later considerably more at thirteen dollars per 
acre. At tlic time of his death, in 1888, at 
the age of eighty-one years, he was one of the 
i:)iggest land owners in the county. Lewis 
P>rian was his paternal grandfather. His ma- 
ternal grandfather, John Lewis, settled in the 
same neighliorhood, from Ohio, in an early day 
and is buried at the Hickory Withe cemetery. 
William 'J", lirian was married in 1868 to 
Miss .Sarah Buudy. a daughter of Caleb Bundy. 
The latter was born in North Carolina and set- 
tled early in U(_)uglas county, three miles north 
and one-hall mile west of Tuscola. Mr. and 
Mrs. lirian have one child, a daughter, Ellanor, 
who is the wife of John Lathroj). Mr. Brian 
owns at present eight hundreil and sixty-two 
acres of land, lying in one body, and is one of 
the biggest tax payers in the county. He is a 
stanch free-sihcr Democrat and is universally 
respected l)y all who know him. 


Thomas Cruzan was born in Douglas 
county January 15, 1836, and is a son of the 
two oldest citizens now living in the countj' 
who were born in it. He is a son of Roliert 
Cruzan and Jane Crawford, who settled earlv 
in the Brown neighborhood, coming from In 
diaiia. Our subject owns two hundred and 
lorty acres of land. 



()li\cr 11. I'arker, grain buyer at Hayes 
;nid llnnil)olih. .-ind a son of Lines L. Parker, 
of I'lowdre township, was born in Vermilion 
countw Illinois, in llie year A. 1). iSfx). lie 
resides with his laniiK' in Tuscola. In i88t 
he was niarrii'<I to Miss Aiigie Wallace, a 
ilaughler of Joseph :md Marv Ann ( i'reezley) 
Wallace. Josepli Wallace was a i)ioneer set- 
tler in Bowdi'c township. Ti> Mr. and Mrs. 
Parker were born t'our children: Burt I., 
l'"red ICarle, Minnie Pearle and Everett 
l)ewe\-. Mr. Parker is one of the sui)stantial 
business men of the countv. 

Among the oldest residents of Douglas 
county, is Calel) (larrett, of Tuscola. His an- 
cestors early made their home in .America, his 
father's great-grandfather, John Garrett by 
name, and an Englishman 1)_\' l)irth, having set- 
Ik'd in X'irginia. lie bad a son. John (iarrett, 
and ;i grandson, Welcome ( iarrett, who w;is the 
grand f.atber of the subject of our sketch. Wel- 
come ( larreti was born in X'irginia, and when a 
_\onng man mo\ed to Surry county, Nt)rth Car- 
olina. He ser\ed in Tennessee during the In- 
dian wars prior to the Re\'olution. lie mar- 
ried I'JKebe .Suninei". a Pennsyhanian by birth. 
The ( i.arretts were a strong, vigorous race of 
men. b'sbua (lai'rett, a bi'otlier to Welcome, 
was killed at the battle of I SraiKhw iiie, during 
the l\e\ c ilulionarv wai'. Lewis, .another broth- 
el', was shot b\' the Tories before enlisting. 
William was with Marion in South Carolina 
through the war. and .after the conclusion of the 
stiaiggle died of disease contracted in the ser- 
vice. This William Garrett was a of jiow- 



eriul Imild and of threat strength. He weighed 
t\v(i hunch'ed and fortv pounds, and was called 
the strongest man in the state of North Caro- 

Welcome Garrett became a member of the 
society of Friends. In 1824 he moved to Wayne 
county, Indiana. He died in Hamilton county 
of that state, at the age of eighty-four. Isom 
Garrett, Caleb Garrett's father, and the son of 
Welcome Garrett was born in Surry county, 
North Carolina, in 1796. In 1S14 he married 
Mary Puckett, and the same year mo\-efl to 
Clermont county, Ohio. After a residence 
there of a year he went to Clinton county, Ohio, 
where his son Caleb was born. In 18 ro he 
moved to Randolph county, Indiana, and in 
1823 to Vigo county of the same state, where 
he lived till his removal to Illinois, with the ex- 
ception of part of the year 1839, when he resid- 
ed in Texas. 

The date of Caleb Garrett's birth, in Clinton 
county, Ohio, was the i6th of July, 1816. He 
was consequently seven years old when the 
family moved to Vigo county, Indiana, in the 
vicinity of Terra Haute. His early opportuni- 
ties for securing an education were very limit- 
ed. One of the schools which he attended was 
about three miles and a half from his father's 
residence near Honey Creek bridge. Here 
school was sometimes kept for three months in 
the year, an unusually long period at that day. 
Another school was afterward established near- 
er home under the care of Joel Butler, of the 
state of New York, which for a time afforded 
excellent advantages. The next school he at- 
tended was taught by one Joel Thayer, an ex- 
cellent teacher, but so confirmed and inebriate 
that the children soon discontinued attendance 

on his instruction. His father was a man of 
considerable education, and under his care he 
learned rapidly. According to Isom Garrett, 
his father, obedience to his parents was one of 
his marked traits. His mother died in 1830, 
and for a period of nine years succeeding this 
event, the father and the sons, Caleb and 
Nathan, kept house for themseh-es, and did 
their own cooking, besides attending to their 
usual occupations. During part of this period 
Mr. Garrett was in the employment of Chaun- 
cey Rose, of Terre Haute, and now one of the 
wealthiest and most liberal citizens of Indiana. 
He drove an ox team for Lucius H. Scott, now 
of Philadelphia. He dropped corn for twenty- 
five cents a day, and split rails at from' twenty- 
five to thirty cents a hundred, averaging one 
hundred and fifty for a usual day's work. For 
a long time he worked for a wealthy Scotch- 
man, William Walker, at six dollars a month. 
At twenty-one he was probably the strongest 
man in all the country round. Although full 
of life, he had no intemperate habits. He was 
a favorite in the community. "He could do as 
big day's work as anyone," says his father, 
"and at a country frolic could play a tune on 
the fiddle second to none." 

In the period from 1834 to 1839 he made 
several trips down the river on a flat boat, and 
thus became well accjuainted \\ith the Ohio and 
Mississippi rivers. The greater part of one 
winter he remained in New Orleans. On a re- 
turn trip at one time with Captain Shallcross, 
of Louisville, he was stuck in the ice near Pa- 
ducah, Kentucky, and the men were reduced 
to two crackers a day. On this same trij), in 
coming home, he walked from Evansville to 
I'erre Haute through snow eighteen inches in 



depth Out of tlie forty boatmen who started 
at the same time, only Mr. (iarrctt and a com- 
I)anion succeeded in J^'oing through, tlie others 
falhng beliind and giving it up before tliey had 
gone far. 

In 1840, on tiie day succeech'ng the exciting 
presidential campaign of that year in which Mr. 
Garratt voted for General William Henry Har- 
rison, he took a steamer for New (Orleans on 
his way to Texas. The steamer stuck fast in 
the rapids l)elow Terre Haute, the pilot became 
into.xicated, and Mr. Ciarrett, in cumjiany with 
two other young men bound for points south, 
procured a rough spring wagon in which they 
iourneyed from 'Sli. Carmel to Evansville on 
the Ohio river, when the three took a steamer 
and continued their voyage. One of his com- 
]);mions left him to go up to the Cumberland 
and the other up the Tennes.see river. At 
New Orle.-uis he secured a passage on a steam- 
shi]) for Galveston, Texas. When out on the 
Gulf of ^lexico the vessel encountered a ter- 
rillc gale, and for seventy-two hours the 
ship and crew were in danger of going to the 
bottom. At Galveston a steamer was taken 
for Houston. Eut the steamer stuck fast 
on the bar, and for a day or two the passengers 
had time to amuse themseUes by fishing in the 
shallow water for oysters. Mr. Garrett was 
aiming to make his way first to ln(Ie]>endence. 
in \\'asliington, county. To this ])oint he tra\-- 
i'h-i\ on foot, with the exception of thirty or 
fortv miles before reaching the town, when he 
b;id o[)portunily of riding. .\1 Independence 
be obtained ;i nuist;uig pony, and continued bis 
journey to Austin City, 'i'be mute led tw<i 
liundrefl miles through a frontier country in- 
lial)ited by hostile Indian.?, At Austin City, on 

bis arri\-al. the Congress of the Republic of 
Te.xas was in session. Te.xas had then achieved 
its indei)endencc from Mexico, and formed a 
sep.'irate republic, of which Lamar was presi- 
dent. Sam Houston was one of the ])rominent 
memliers of the Congress. Mr. Garrett re- 
mained se\'eral weeks in that section of the 
country, and was fre(|uently in attendance on 
tlie sessions of the Congress, on one of which 
occasions be be;u"<l llouston deliver his speech 
on sectionizing and selling the lands of the 
Cherokee Indians. Mainly for the purpose of 
seeing the country, he joined a surveying party, 
and was alisent for some time on the exposed 
frontier. On his return a company was organ- 
ized for a I)uli'alo Innit and general exploring 
e\i)edition, which Mr. Garrett joined, still ani- 
mated by .a desire to see something further of 
frontier life before he should leave Texas, 'fhe 
partv consisted of nine men ;iih1 two boys, 'fhcy 
were attacked b\' a' of Indi.ans. between 
tbirtv and fift\- in number, Tbe horse of a 
\oung man n.anieil ( )sl)urn was shot undei" him. 
tbe rider ha\'ing receix'ed a spear wound in tbe 
back, Tbe unfortunate man, after being 
knocked insensible with his own g\ni by tbe In- 
diant^, was scal])ed within sight of the remain- 
der of tbe party, and left for dead on the field, 
lie was afterward rescued. ;mil recov- 
ered from bis womnl. 'flu- whole ]);\rty effect- 
ed their escape to ;i block house, 

.Mr. ( l.arrell's \isit to 'I'exas b;id for its end 
;ni obiect different from an_\- yet described in a 
rei'ord of the^e incidents. ( )n tlie Jotli of I )e- 
ci'niber. 1X40, he bad bei'ii in;u'ried to Irene 
I'ncketl, a n.ative of \'igo eoiiiUy, liidi,iii;i, but 
who at that time resided on the (oloi-.ailo ri\er, 
twelve miles below .\ustin City, lie h.-ul pre- 



viously been ac(|uaintecl witli her in Indiana. 
In February, 1841. lie. with his wife, set out on 
his return home. In conii)aiiy witli three or 
four otliers they journeyeil liy an ox team to 
Houston, wliere they took a steamer, and ran. 
down the Buffalo Bayou, and thence across the 
bay where the vessel struck an old ship anchor, 
tore off part of the planking, and was in danger 
of sinking. Remaining some days in Galves- 
ton, they took passage on the steamer New 
York for New Orleans. From here they pro- 
ceeded up the Mississippi and Ohio to Evans- 
ville, Indiana, and there took stage for Terre 
Haute, at which place they arri\-ed on the 5th 
of March, 1841. 

Mr. Garrett now engaged in farming and 
stock raising, at first renting a farm five miles 
south of Terre Haute. He was soon called up- 
on, however, to discharge other duties. In -Aug- 
ust, 1842, he was chosen to represent the coun- 
ty of Vigo in the Indiana Legislature. He took 
his .seat in December, T842, and served the fol- 
lowing winter. The ne.xt year he was re-elect- 
ed, and served another session, performing his 
duties with credit to himself and satisfaction 
to his constituents. He was only twenty-six at 
the time of his first election. Like his father be- 
fore him, Mr. Garrett was a Whig, and it was 
as a candidate of the \\'hig jiarty that he was 
elected to the Indiana Legislature. .\.t the con- 
clusion of his second term of office he declined 
a re-election, and devoted himself more assid- 
uously than ever to farming and stock raising. 
He bought a small farm six miles south of Ter- 
re Haute, but sold it after making imi)rovp- 
ments u])on it. He continued to reside in In- 
diana till 1849. His business operations were 
attended with success. He desired to invest his 

surplus funds in new land, and in consequence 
resolved to settle in Illinois. 

He had visited Illinois in company with 
three others in the fall of 1833. He traversed 
the state from Edgar county to the Mississip])i, 
passing through Sadorus Grove, Springfield 
and Beardstown, to Ouincy. His course wa? 
then up tlie river for a considerable distance, 
when, leaving it, he journeyed southeast to the 
Illinois, and thence through Springfield by the 
old Springfield trace, across the Okaw, through 
what is now Douglas county by the Wayne 
stand, to Paris in Edgar county, and thence to 
Terre Haute. There were no settlements on 
the route tra\-eled through ]")ouglas comity ex- 
cept at the Shaw stand. 

About 1846 Mr. Garrett Ixjught one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land near William 
Brian's in what is now Douglas county. The 
next spring he came out with an ox team and 
began improving it. In 1849 ''•^ removed with 
his family to Douglas county for the purpose of 
making a permanent residence. He had pre- 
viouslv been accustomed to driving cattle from 
Iniliana, and herding them in Douglas county. 
He located on section three, of township fifteen, 
range seven. He devoted liis whole attention 
to farming and stock raising. In 1856 he and 
his wife revisited Texas. They were absent 
about three months, during which they traveled 
extensively o\er the northeastern part of the 
state. His farm of eight hundred and sixty 
acres, on which he lived till recently, was sold 
in Mav, 1875. He now resides in Tuscola, 
l-'or two or three years following 1868 he was 
in the grocer\- business at Tuscola in ii.artner- 
sliii) with .\lr. John M. Maris. 

;\Ir. (iarrett served on the first grand jury 



that ever convened in Douglas county. In 1854 
he was elected justice of the ])eace and held that 
office until his resi^'nation. ( )n the organiza- 
tion of the cnunty intu townships. Mr. Gar- 
rett was chosen a nieniher of the hoard of super- 
\'isors from Cjarrett township. His public 
trusts he has discliru'ged with fidelity, and few 
citizens of the county have gained a larger 
share of the popular esteem. 


William 11. h'ulton located in the village 
of Caiuargo in 1852. hegan merchandising in 
a small wa} , and is now the oldest merchant 
in active business in the county. He was born 
at Clinton. Indiana. August 17, 1827, and is 
one of the well-known and respectable citizens 
of the \illasfe. 

AMI'S (;il.l,()(ilA" 

James ( lillogly. (h"y goods and general mer- 
chant at Newman, is a nati\'e of l'en)is\'l\ania. 
where he was reared on a fai^n and accjuired a 
common school education. He followed fanu- 
iug in l'ennsylvam';i and Illinois until the war, 
when he enlisteil in ('(iinpany 1), Twenty-first 
ivegiment Illinois Inf.antrw inider ( leneral 
then Colonel) Grant. He was wounded at 
the battle of Stone River, Tennessee, having ;i 
leg broken, and was discharged soon after. 
1 Ic then engaged in merchandising at Jackson- 
\ille. Rversoii's Station and Niuevah, Penn- 
s\l\;mi;i. thence coming to Illinois and locating 
at Newman, where he has since been engaged 

in his present business. Mr. Gillogly occupies 
a hue brick store room, 30x70 feet, centrally 
located and well stocked with the best goods, 
and is doing a business of twenty-h\'e thou- 
sand to thirty thousand dollars yearly. He was 
luarried to Miss 11. L. .\tkinson, and six chil- 
dren have blessed their union: J. C, H. P)., 
I'juma J.. Li>tta. lienton ( deceased), and Lewis 
(deceased). Mr. and .Mrs. (iillogly are mem- 
bers of the I'lmiberland l^'esbyterian church, 
,uid he belongs to the Masonic fraternity and 
the i. O. O. F. 


A. Taylor, real estate dealer at Newman 
and a man unixersally popular and esteemed 
bv e\erybo(ly around Newiuan, was born in 
Ti])pecanoe countv. Indiana, .\pril 8, 1836, 
where he was I'cared and educated. He has 
been a resident in .Xewnian snice 187') and has 
negotiated manv important real estate deals 
in Douglas an<l adjoining counties. In 1856 
he wedded Miss .Mice Beezley. <if Indiana. 
I hey h;ui three cliildren : ,\. A. : Charley, who 
is the present census enumerator of .\ewman 
township, and I'elle. They are highly re- 
s])ected and counted among Newman's best 


Willi;mi I!. Hall, one of the oldest mer- 
chants in the tonntv, was born in P.ourbon 
comity, Kentucky, September 1. 1831, and 



was the only son of William and Elizabeth Mrs. Hall. In 1865 Mr. Hall engaged in the 

(Hooe) Hall, natives of Kentucky and Vir- harness business and later engaged in general 

ovinia respectfully. In 1837 the family came merchandising. He is still engaged in the 

and settled in the neighborhood of Brushy same business and is a thorough gentleman of 

Fork and for two years lived in the family of tlie old school, whose religion consists in doing 

General Robert Matson, who was a cousin of good to hinj.self and his friends and neighbors. 




'ill %^itJ*/ M/ 




CHAPTER I.— Early Settle- 
ment OF THE COUiNTV 7 

Cabin, The 1» 

Farm, The 1!» 

Indian, The . '1 

Inhabitants. Original 7 

Life un the Prairie H 

Markets '^U 

Mills -'<j 

Mound Builders 7 

Natural Resources If' 

Pioneers, The P^ 

Prairie Travel -1 

CHAPTER II. Historic. 

Sketch of Coi'ntv 


Assessor, First 

Circuit Clerk, First 

Circuit Court, First 

County Clerk. First 

County Judge, Fii'st 

County .Seat 

Court, First meeting of Coimty. 

Court, The 







Officials, County, from organiza- 
tion to date. . .' 'M 

Organization, Act of 27 

Organization, Sii[i])Ienientary Bill ;iO 

Origin 26 

Railroad. Danville, Tuscola \- 

Western 44 

Railroad Indebtedness Assumed.. 44 

Railroad, IllinoisCentral 42 

Railroad, Indianapolis, Decatur &: 

Western 4.'{ 

Railroad, Toledo & St. Louis 44 

Railway, Illinois Midland 44 

Recorder, P'irst. •'! 

Sheriff, First •'^1 

Surveyor, First -^2 

Surveys, System of- ■>•') 

Swamp Lands ■*!' 

Tojxigraphy '-^^ 

Treasurer, First ■'2 

CHAPTER HI. Ml 1. 1 t .\ kv 

Record 47 

Cavalry, Thirteenth H4 

Comiia'ny, P'irst full 4!l 

Infantry, Twenty-lirst 4il 

Infantry, Twenty-fifth •")2 


Infantry. Fifty-fourth 54 

Infantry, Seventy-ninth 57 

Infantry, One Hundred and Thirty- 
fifth.' 02 

Infantry, One Hundred and Fifty- 
ninth' ■ • • •'•^ 

Public Sentiment and Civil Action 47 

CHAPTER I\.— Township His- 

tohical Sketches <'>li 

Areola City 1119 

Areola Township '"7 

At wood X'lllage. l^|i 

Bourbon Townshi|i 7I{ 

Bowdre 'Township 77 

Camargo City 72 

Camargo Townshij) . 61* 

( 'larreti Township ^^ 

Hindsboro Village 71) 

Murdock Township '•'! 

Murdock Village '■•2 

Newman City Hji 

Newman Township 11-> 

Sargent 'Townshiii 1^!^ 

Tuscola City 1";' 

Tuscola 'TownshiiJ i'-i 


Armstrong, Archie A 

Ashurst, Joseph 

Atto, Daniel 

Atwell, William !•; 

Avery, J.I 


B.iilev.Capt. David 

liakei", S. H 

Barnes, John C 

Barr, James 

Bartholomew, Michael 1). 
J5assett, J. H 







pa (11-; 

Bassett, W. H 2iV.', 

Beggs, Jesse R 2K0, Robert M 2*; 

Blaine. Walter C 2.".il 

Boyce, Washington David 2S1I 

lioyd, W. P...'. B'T. 

Boyer, J. W 27.-! 

Brian. William, Sr 2XS 

Brian, William 1' 2'JO 

Bright, Coleman 277 

Bn K k , ( ;eorge W 2:!0 

Brown, ludge Joliii 2:i.f 

Burgett.'Carl S 214 

Burgett, I. W 2;i4 

Burgett, Scott 20y 

Burtnett, William H., M. D VSi 

Butler, J. 'T 

Bush, William 


. . 2; to 

... 17il 


Cahill, T:ii F H2 

Callaway, C.i-orgr 204 

Calvin, Edwaril W 22S 

Cam|)bell, Allan 227 

Carnahan, t'larence 11 217 

Chadwick John 11 147 

Chandler, Lemuel l-">7 

Chandler, William B 2S7 

Conover, Daniel A 221 

Cooper, David 12H 

Covert, 1. N 215 




Coykendall, D. F Ifi5 

Craddick, Thomas 251 

Cruzan, Tliomas 291 

Culbertscm, Chark-s M 220 


never, Frank C 177 

I )rake. Israel A 147 

Drew, James 204 


F.phiin, Jacob 263 

Eplilin, Mrs. Jacob 263 

Krvin, Samuel 259 


t'ldler, Albert F 246 

Fidler, Levi 246 

Finney, E. C '. 1(54 

Finney, Joseph H 175 

Fisher, U'illiam H 274 

Foster, R. S 132 

Fry. William H '. 134 

Fulton, William H 295 


Garrett, Caleb 200 

Garrett, Caleb 291 

Gere, Benjamin W 190 

Gill, Harrison 2.58 

Gill, Shiloah 257 

Gillogly, James 295 

Glassco, Kimball 283 

Goff, John L 251 

Goodspeed, James M 1 70 

Greenman, Anson H 137 

Greve, CD 237 


Hall, William H 295 

Hammett, Frank W 252 

Hanimett, James R I.53 

Hammett, James K 284 

Hanmiett, Richard Clyde Ili8 

Hammett, William S 276 

Hance, Ale.\ander 239 

Hancock, James W 159 

Hancock, W. H 252 

Hapke, Adolph 182 

Hawkins, Charles A 282 

Hawkins, John ](il 

Hawkins, J. M lyg 

Hawkins, Samuel 17ti 

Hay ward, A 210 

Heaton, James I* 121 

Heaton, William 197 

Henson, ( icorge W 251 

Henson, Stephen S 277 

Hockett, Oliver O 224 

Hopkins, Samuel L 267 

Hostetler, John C 250 


Howard, \V. Avery 277 

Howe, lames H 286 

Howe, William, 202 

Hunt, Oliver T 194 


lies, William 148 

Irwin, John T 125 


Jeffers, Enmior W 248 

Jeffers, Cieorge C 272 

Jenne, Charles F 186 

Jones, Henry C 256 

Jones, James 133 

Jones, John J 262 

Jones, Maiden 225 

Jones, Owen E 242 

Jordan, John V 173 


Kincaid, James A 1,35 

King, John W 288 


Lester, Segler H 268 

Lindsey, John 127 

Logan, Samuel B 271 

Long, Stroder M 198 

Loose, Frank E 122 

Lowry, John 1.S9 

Lyrla, N. C 174 


McCarty, Francis A 231 

McGee, J. Park, M. D t. . . . 185 

McGown, J. A 241 

McKaig, Robert 290 

McKinney, John W 266 

McMasters, Charles L 126 

McNeer, V C 218 

McNeill, Alexander 282 

Madison, John M 242 

Magner, D. \ 143 

Martin, Rev. J. V 274 

Martin, W. S., M. D 138 

Means, Rev. William E 123 

Milligan, Robert E 191 

Monahan, P. H 259 

Monroe, N. S 278 

Moore, Abrani H 184 

Moore, Edw. McC 184 

Moore, George 269 

Moore, Jacob 279 

Moore, Jacob R 229 

Moore, Morris 1 185 

Moore, William '1' 189 

Morrow, James 151 

Moser. George H 241 

Mulliken, Ira M 2.53 


Mulliken, James W 2.'J3 

Murdock, |udge John D 146 

Murphy, Wiliam F 152 

Myers, O. V 158 


Newport, William H 235 

Niles, Henry C 174 


Outcelt, John N.. 283 


Parke, Alvy J 279 

Parker, Lines L 169 

Parker, Oliver H 291 

Pepper, W. W 223 

Petty, Jo eph B 270 

Phillips. J. W 225 

Price, W. E 269 

Pulliam, W. T., M. D 264 


Qumn, John 209 


Reat, James L 260 

Records, Jasper S 168 

Redden, Stephen 124 

Reed, Daniel W 191 

Reed, W. D 287 

Reed, Winheld S 1.56 

Reeder, James S 276 

Reeder, James S 286 

Reeder, John A., Jr 191 

Reeves, William W 272 

Rice, Eugene 206 

Rice, Martin 162 

Rice, William Edgar, M. D 140 

Richards, G. R 276 

Richards, T. M 275 

Richman, James A 192 

Rigney, J. B., M. D 286 

Roberts, I'homas \V 289 

Roderick, Daniel 268 

Rogers, John E 139 

Root, D.0 206 

Root, Lawrence E 216 

Rutherford, Dr. C 222 

Rutherford, Thomas H 187 


Sanford, Charles S 211 

Sawyer, Albert .S 214 

Siders, George W 178 

Skinner. Isaac 238 

Skinner, John 171 

Skinner, W. W 265 

Sluss, A.C 262 

Smiley, Samuel W 281 




Smith, Mosi'S S 


Summt^rs, William T 


Swigart, T. \Y 



Tag.uaii, Cul. Wuslonl, 

Taylor, A 

Thompson, K. K 



To(l(i. James (", 21!) 

Todd, John T 212 


Wallace, Albert \V 254 

Watson, Marion 2S() 

Watson, W. 1 250 

Whitakt-r, Jolm 28') 

White, (ieorge 233 


Williams, James A 250 

Williamson, Josi-|ih S lilit 

Wilson, Charles W . . ,..^.,_,^„_^.-248 

Wise'nian, William A 253 

Woodford, J. P 1(17 

Woolverton, Charles W 12i» 

Wrisjlit, Jarnes H 247 

Wyalt. Thomas S 284 

Wveth, Clarence L Itil 

Wyeth, Joseph S 188 

Wyeth, Leonard J 149