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Historical Collections 


Harrison County, 

IN THE ^'- ■ 

State of Ohio. 

MARRIAGES (to 1841), WILL RECORDS (to 1861), 









{Library of Conarr-aa 

FEB 14 1901 

Copyright entry | 






























THE EARLY CHURCHES OF Cx^DIZ— Continued . . . 156 















C A. HanhA 
I 900 


The writer has long felt the need of a history of his native county, and 
in common with many citizens of that part of Ohio, has come to the conclusion 
that the lack of a suitable history has been due not so much to the dearth of in- 
teresting material as to the absence of a diligent collector sufficiently in- 
terested in the subject to gather the material up. While the present volume 
is concerned chiefly with the record of names and events connected with the 
first thirty years of the century, it will be found that the pioneer annals of 
Harrison county embrace by no means the least interesting portion of the 
county's history. So far as it goes, therefore, this book is offered as an at- 
tempt to supply a deficiency, the existence of which must be realized by all 
who have tried to learn something of the history of Harrison county. 

Two or three of the sketches given in these Collections were printed 
in an abbreviated form during the year 1898 in the Cadiz "Republican." These 
have since been re-written and largely added to, and a number of others have 
been prepared, with a view to giving the reader as extensive a record of 
early Harrison county history as may be contained within the limits of one 

The second part of the book will be found to contain a very large 
amount of invaluable material for the student of the county's pioneer history, 
being made up of much of the county's land, marriage, burial, and will 
records. In the preparation of these records for printing, where such a vast 
number of names and dates have to be gone over, copied, re-copied, and 
arranged in order, it is very difficult to escape occasional errors in the spelling 
of a name or the transcribing of a date. While the utmost pains have been 
taken to prevent such errors. It is impossible to eliminate them all. 

Following is a list of the principal sources of information regarding the 
history of Harrison county and Eastern Ohio to which the writer has had 

Records of the Probate, Recorder's, Comissioners', Sheriff's, Clerk's, Auditor's, 

and Surveyor's offices of Harrison county. 
Records of the Ohio State Adjutant General's office. 
Records of the Presbytery of the Ohio. 
Records of Steubenville Presbytery. 



Records of the United States Interior Department. 

Annual volumes of the Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society. 

History of the County of Ayr, by James Patterson: Ayr, 1847. 

History of Belmont and Jefferson counties, by J. A. Caldwell: Wheeling, 1880. 

Hiot( rical Sketch of Bethel Methodist Episcopal Church, 1811-1894, by J. 
Fletcher Birney: Cadiz, 1894. 

Travels in Holland, the United Provinces, England, Scotland, and Ireland, by 
Sir William Brereton: The Chetham Society, 1844. 

Historical Sermon Preached in the First United Presbyterian Church of Cadiz, 
Ohio, August 26, 1876, by Rev. W. T. Meloy, Steubenille, 1876. 

Historical Sketch of the First Presbyterian Church of Cadiz, by Rev. W. P. 
Shrom: The Cadiz "Republican" for August 28, 1884. 

Memorial Dedication of Dickerson M. E. Church: Columbus, 1888. 

History of Dumfries and Galloway, by Sir Herbert Maxwell: Edinburgh, 1896. 

History of Fayette county, Penna., by Franklin Ellis: Philadelphia, 1882. 

Autobiography of Rev. James B. Finley: Cincinnati, 1853. 

Historical Address of Dr. Andrew Finley Ross at the Semi-Centennial Anni- 
versary of the Founding of Franklin College, New Athens, June 23, 1875. 

Lands and Their Owners in Galloway, by P. H. McKerlie: Edinburgh, 1877. 

The Hamilton Manuscripts: Belfast, 1867. 

Atlas of Harrison county, by J. A. CaldAvell: Condit, Ohio, 1875. 

Historical Sketches of Harrison County, by Rev. R. M. Coulter: The Cadiz "Re- 
publican," during 1898 and 1899. 

Biographical Record of Harrison and Carroll Counties: Chicago, 1891. 

A Brief History of Harrison County, by Dr. S. B. McGavran: Cadiz, 1894. 

The Pathfinders of Jefferson County, by W. H. Hunter: Columbus, 1899. 

Diary of David McClure: New York, 1899. 

The Diary of Richard Lee Mason: The Chicago "Daily Record" for January 
1st, 2d, 3d, and 4th, 1897. 

The Montgomery Manuscripts: Belfast, 1869. 

Forty Years' Pastorate [at Nottingham Church] and Reminiscences, by Rev. 
T. R. Crawford, D. D.: Wheeling, 1887. 

Historical Collections of Ohio, by Henry Howe: Norwalk, 1896. 

History of the Backwoods; or, The Region of the Ohio, by A. W. Patterson: 
Pittsburg, 1843. 

Pennsylvania Archives: Philadelphia, 1852-55, Harrisburgh, 1874-1900, 

American Pioneer, vol. ii.: Cincinnati, 1843. 

Southern Quakers and Slavery, by Stephen B. Weeks: Baltimore, 1896. 

Red-Men's Roads, by Archer Butler Hulbert: Columbus, 1900. 

Old Redstone [Presbytery], by Joseph Smith, D. D. : Philadelphia, 1854, 


Anniversarj^ Discourse Delivered in the Ridge Church by Rev. Robert Herron, 
D. D., Dec. 13, 1873: Uhrichsville, 1874. 

History of the Presbytery of St Clairsville, by T. R. Crawford and Robert Alex- 
ander: Washington, Pa., 1888. 

History of the Presbytery of Steubenville, 1819-1887: Wooster, 1888. 

The Scot in Ulster, by John Harrison: Edinburgh, 1888. 

The Scottish Nation, by William Anderson: Edinburgh, 1870. 

Annual volumes of the Scotch-Irish Society of America, 1889 to 1896. 

Historic Events in the Tuscarawas and Muskingum Valleys, by C. H. Mitch- 
ener: Dayton, 1876. 

Chronicles of Border Warfare, by Alexander S. Withers: Clarksburg, Va., 1831. 

History of Washington County, Penna., by Boyd Crumrine: Philadelphia, 1882. 

History of the Presbytery of Washington, by Rev. W. F. Hamilton and others: 
Philadelphia, 1889. 

Sketches of Western Adventure, by John A. McClung: Dayton, 1854. 

History of the Pan-Handle of Western Virginia, by J. H. Newton and J. A.. 
Caldwell: Wheeling, 1884. 

Notes on the Settlement and Indian Wars of the Western Parts of Virginia and 
Pennsylvania, by Rev. Joseph Doddridge: Wellsburg, Va., 1824. 

Indian Wars of Western Virginia, by Wills DeHass: Wheeling, 1851. 

History of Westmoreland County, Penna., by G. D. Albert, Philadelphia, 1882. 

History of York County. Penna., by John Gibson: Chicago, 1886. 

New York, July 1, 1900. 



There is, perhaps, no one subject taught in onr schools and institu- 
tions of learning to-day on which more misinformation has been im- 
parted to the students than that of A]nerican history; and probably 
there is no part of that subject concerning which American people are 
more in ignorance thaii the part relating to their own racial origin. 

Good Americans, generally, approved, of the spirit of Mark Twain's 
rejoinder to Max O'Eeli, when, in tlie course of a recent international 
exchange of comnliments between the French and the Missouri humor- 
ists, the latter, to the charge that the average American did not usually 
know the name of his own grandfather, allowed that such might be 
the truth; but tbought that Brother Jonathan was more apt to be sure 
of the name of his own father than were some others. The oft-repeated 
story of the observation made by a successful American gentleman travel- 
ing in Europe, who, when shown by an English lord the pictures of the 
latters illustrious ancestors for some hundreds of years back, admitted 
tliat he had nothing of the kind at his home in America, because he was 
an illustrious ancestor himself, — is a characteristic illustration of the 
spirit in Avhich, until quite recently, matters of race and family history 
have generally been regarded by the busy American workers of the pres- 
ent day. 

Nevertheless, there is one class of our fellow citizens which has 
never been negligent in preserving the traditions and histories of their 
fathers; and never backward in letting America and the world at large 
know all about their merits and accomplishments. These are the people 
of Xew England— a people who, from the time of their first settlement 


in America, have preserved written records of most of their communities, 
and of almost every member living in and making a part ol: those com- 
munities; so that, as a consequence, there are few persons of New England 
descent living in the United States to-day, hut who can find pages and 
volumes of history and eulogy in print as perpetual monuments to the 
virtues of one or several of their more or less remote progenitors. 

Another and much more important consequence of this habit of 
committing to writing the history of men and communities in New Eng- 
land, is, that nearly all of our so-called histories of America have been 
written by New England men, are based chietly upon New England 
records and examples, and have necessarily had to pass over in silence, 
or in a cursory way, the history of those other portions of our country 
and our citizens, of whom none of these Avritten records have been pre- 

It is not strange, therefore, that in most of our schools to-day, and, 
I venture to say, in the public schools of Harrison county, American 
history is taught chiefly from books written by New England men, or 
their descendants; is viewed in these books from the conventional New 
England stand-point; and is based largely upon New England traditions, 
prejudices, and, in some cases, misrepresentations. 

The chief misrepresentation to which attention may be called at this 
time, is the one so repeatedly made in certain of the newspapers and re- 
views, and by certain orators, and after-dinner speakers, that all the 
progress made by America since it Avas first colonized, and all the glorious 
history of which Americans are so proud, has been made because its 
people are of the Anglo-Saxon race, and in their progress are only con- 
tinuing in the new world what their English forefathers had begun in 
the old. 

Now, as a matter of fact, no such thing is the case. And while there 
should be no just praise withheld from the descendants of Englishmen 
for what their forefathers have done for America, it would be as great 
a wrong to them if we were to say that they had done nothing whatever, 
as it is to other Americans, of non-English origin, for the descendants 
of Englishmen to claim that the English have done it all. 

How can these claims that the great men of American history are of 
exclusivelv English origin be considered in face of the fact that, of Wash- 
ington's hundred generals, more or less, not half of them were of English 
blood; or, that of the great generals of the civil war on both sides, but 
little more than one-third were of English extraction; or, that of our twen- 


ty-four presidents, less than half the nnmber have been of that stock; or, 
that of our great editors, three-fourths have been non-English in origin; 
or, that of our great judges, less than half have been English; or, that of 
American inventors of world-wide fame, about three out of every four 
have been of another race than English; or, that of the great leaders in 
the jSTational congress, not half of them have been English by descent; 
or, that in our population to-day, nearly one-half are of other races than 
English. Yet these facts are all capable of ready demonstration, and 
can be verified by any one who will take the trouble to consult any 
standard biographical and statistical dictionary. 

In the State of Ohio, for instance, if the English are to have the sole 
credit for all the good that has come to America, what would become of 
the fame of Arthur St. Clair, of Jeremiah Morrow, of Allen Trimble, of 
Duncan Mc Arthur, of Joseph Vance, of Wilson Shannon, of Mordecai 
Bartley, of Keuben Wood, of Kutherford B. Hayes, of Seabury Ford, of 
William Medill, of James E. Campbell, of Thomas L. Young, of Joseph 
B. Foraker, of Charles Foster, of William McKinley, and of some few. 
others who have been governors of the State? Or, of Presidents Grant, 
Hayes, Garfield, and McKinley? Or, of certain supreme court judges, 
such as Jacob Burnet, John McLean, Joseph R. Swan, John C. Wright, 
Thomas W. BarOey, W. B. Caldwell, William Kennon, Hocking H. 
Hunter, George W. Mcllvaine, W. J. Gilraore, Rufus P. Ranney, Josiah 
Scott, John Clark, W. W. Johnson, and John H. Doyle ? Or, of certain 
well-known journalists, such as Whitelaw Reid, W. L. Brown, John A. 
Cockerill. Joseph Medill, Samuel Medary, W. W. Armstrong, the Farans 
and McLeans, and Richard Smith? Or, of Bishop Simpson, of John A. 
Bingham, and of Salmon P. Chase? Or, of William Dean Howells and 
of John Q. A. Ward? Or, of Generals U. S. Grant, Phil Sheridan, 
Quincy A. Gilmore, James B. Steadman, Irvin McDowell, John Beatty, 
0. M. Mitchell, James B. McPherson, Henry W. Lawton, and the fighting 
families of the JlcCooks? 

Xo, the truth of the matter is, that a vast proportion of American 
people, sometimes classed by the historians as British, have had their 
hard-earned laurels transferred to the brows of the so-called Anglo- 
Saxons, or English; and very much of the honor and glory which are so 
frequently claimed for the English in this country, really belong to the 
people of another, and a distinctly different race. 

These people are the Scotch-Irish, as they have come to be called, 
who have done vastly more in the settlement and development of the cen- 


tral and southern portions of our country than the English, and yet a 
people who have been too busy making history to spare the time to 
write it; and one whose early annals, for this reason, have been, until 
recent years, so far neglected as to be well-nigh forgotten. This is the 
race to which belong, with the exception of those of Howells, Garfield, 
and Slieridan, probably all of the names given above; and to the same 
race, also, belong, it is safe to say, at least seventy-five per cent, of the 
sturdy farmers and substantial citizens of Harrison county. 

It is needless to ask in addition, therefore, what would become of 
the fair name and fame of Harrison county, if the English were the only 
people who have made America what it is to-day. 

Nevertheless, the Scotch-Irish communities and people of Harrison 
county, as a rule, have few traditions or remembered history back of the 
time when settlements were first begun there, in the early years of the 
present century. These people know in a general way that their re- 
spective fathers or grandfathers came from the East — from Pennsylvania 
usually — and in most cases from the territory originally included in the 
counties of Washington, Westmoreland, Cimiberland, York, or Chester. 
The majority of them know that they are of Scotch-Irish descent; 
without understanding clearly what that term, in its American sense, 
signifies, some having the impression that it means the descendants of a 
married couple, of whom one parent is Scotch, and the other Irish. It 
may be that this feeling of belonging to a mixed nationality deters them 
from making any inquiries as to what are the real sources of the Scotch- 
Irish blood. 

If the facts are ascertained, however, they will find that they have 
a race history than which no other nation or people can boast one more 
proud, whether it be English or German, Eoman or Castillian. Tlie 
Scotch-Irish are not, nor have they ever been, of Irish blood — using tlie 
latter word in its racial sense; but are purely Scottish. Their emi- 
grant ancestors in this country, to whom the name was first applied, 
were people of unmixed Scotch descent, who came to America from 
their Scottish communities in the Xorth of Ireland; and all the glor- 
ious history and ancestral traditions of their Scottish forefathers be- 
long to their descendants in Harrison county to-day, just as much as the 
history and ancestral traditions of the English belong to people of 
early New England stock. 

And, trul}', it is a noble heritage, and one that will not sufTer a whit 
by comparison with that of the English. It begins in the time of Agric- 


ola, the Eoman general, wlio, when he had conquered all the present 
territory of England, and carried his victorious banners north to the 
Grampian hills in Scotland, found there a foe who could effectually 
hinder his fiirther advance, and cause him for the first time to ac- 
knowledge that here was at last an unknown and unconquerable 
race beyond his own conquered ULTIMA THULE. It continues 
in the plundering forays and invasions of the Scots and Picts, who car- 
ried their dreaded arms from one end of the island to the other, im- 
checked; and, later, in the piratical incursions of the Vikings, who came 
Vvestward from their safe retreats within the ISTorwegian fiords, to fight, 
to plunder, to destroy, and eventually to settle, among the sea-girt islands 
and peninsulas of western Scotland. Its dark and bloody deeds are in- 
stanced by the tragic history of Macbeth; and its bright and chivalrous 
actions are shown by incidents like that of the Battle of Otterburn, so 
spiritedly set forth in the glowing pages of Froissart, who says of it, that 
"of all the battles that have been described in my history, great and 
small, this was the best fought, and the most severe." Scotland's early 
glory came in the days of William Wallace and Eobert Bruce, when its 
independence was won from the English by the sword; and continued 
through the two centuries following, because kept fresh by the blood of 
opposing Scots and English shed on more than two hundred battlefields. 
Its high ideal of freedom was realized first in the days of Knox and of 
Melville, when those men bid defiance to tyrants, and dared declare 
that rulers were amenable to law, and could be pimished by law; and was 
again vindicated in the days of their successors, the Scots clergy, who, 
"when the light grew dim, and flickered on the altar, . . . trimmed 
the lamp, and fed the sacred flame," and kept alive for themselves, for 
their children, and for all mankind, the precious heritage of human 

The Scotsman is of composite race. The forefathers of throe- 
fourths of the Scotch-Irish in Harrison county lived in the western Low- 
lands of Scotland, and their blood was of various strains, blended into 
what finally became that of the Scottish race. The basis of the race was 
the Romanized Briton (and from this line the Lowland Scot gets his 
Celtic blood, and not from Ireland), with more or less marked de- 
partures, occasioned by intermarriages, first with the Picts and Scots, 
tlien with the Angles, the Danes, and the Norsemen. From the last- 
named stock comes most of the Teutonic blood of the western Scot; 
while the Angles occupied and largely peopled the east coast. After 


the eleventh century, tlie Xormans came into Scotland in large numbers, 
and occupied much of the land; so that many families can claim Norman 
descent. Long before the seventeenth century, when the emigration to 
Ireland began, the various race groups had become fused into one com- 
posite whole, having the attributes of the Celt, the Norse, the Angle, 
and the JSTorman; thus typifying many centuries ago the identical race 
which we are beginning to recognize here as the American — a combina- 
tion of the Teuton and the Celt. Let us hope the type may include all 
the virtues of both without the defects of either. 

The real history of the forefathers of that part of he American peo- 
ple who live in Harrison county, therefore — with a few individual ex- 
ceptions — is not to be found in the pages of the historians and writers 
of England; but of those of Scotland. Their lives and spirits have been 
not unworthily portrayed by the wizard hand of Scott, and their joys 
and sorrows have been divinely sung in the inspired notes of Burns. And 
it is in the heart-touching stories of MacLaren, and Barrie, and Steven- 
son, that we find the true prototypes and the doubles of ourselves and 
our friends in Harrison county. 

The history of Scotland as a country, and of Scottish men and insti- 
tutions, however, is as a sealed book to ninety-nine out of every hun- 
dred students in most of our high-schools and colleges; and it is partly 
because of the entire absence of any information to the contrary in the 
ordinary historical text-books, that the erroneous impression has gained 
ground in so many places outside of New England, that our Americaii 
colonies and American institutions are almost entirely of English origin. 

Now, to bring the matter nearer home to the readers of this history^ 
let us take a few of the family names that are so Avell known in Harrison 
county, and see how many of them are English, and how many are Scotch. 

In 1898, Mr. Orville Dewey contributed some interesting articles to 
the Cadiz Kepublican, giving an account of the early history of his own 
family, and from this we learn that the Deweys came from Connecticut. 
They were English, although there were many of the early Scotch-Irisli 
who settled in New England. The Hol_Ungsworths were originally Penn- 
sylvania Quakers, tracing back through the"l^orth of Ireland to England. 
The Browns were also English; likewise, the Scotts, Arnolds, Laceys, 
Hearns, Woods, and others. But the early representatives of nearly all of 
these families having intermarried with the Harrison county Scotch-Irish, 
their descendants living there to-day are more Scotch than English. Other 
originally English families from the North of Ireland may be mentioned, 


of whom were the Hammonds, the Phillipses, and the Haverfields; but 
their forefathers lived and intermarried amongst the Scotch for so long a 
time before coming to America that their descendants in Harrison county 
to-day can hardly be said to retain more than a trace of the English blood, 
or traits, or anything else English but the names. 

Tbe Cunningham family originated in the district of Cunningham, 
in Ayrshire; as did likewise the Carrick and Kyle families in the other 
two districts of that county. 

Other Ayrshire family names represented in Harrison county are 
those of Aiken, Ak'-inder, Allison, Anderson, Barclay, Blair, Boggs, 
Boyd, Caldwell, Cannon, Clark, Cochran, Collins, Coulter, Crawford^ 
Culbertson, Duulap, Ervin, Ferguson, Fullerton, Fulton, Hamilton, 
Hunter, Jackson, Jamison, Kennedy, Logan, McCready, Mitchell, Mont- 
gomery, Moore, Morrison, Patton, Porter, Rankin, Rea, Richey, Rogers, 
Simpson, Thompson, Vance, Wallace, Watson, Welch, Wiley, Wilson, and 
a great many more besides. 

The McFaddens are first mentioned in history in connection with 
their residence on the Island of Mull, off the coast of and belonging to 
Argyleshire. All the "Macs" living in Harrison county, it may be safely 
said, are of Scottish descent, and usually Celtic or Highland Scots. The 
prefix "■j\rac" (meaning "son of"), is of Celtic origin, and in early times 
it was rarelv found in connection with the names of the Lowland clans, 
except in the cases of McCulloch and McClellan, and a few other ancient 
Galloway families. Later in Scotland's history, however, the "Macs" 
were carried pretty much all over the country, and into Northern Ireland, 
as the clans continued to migrate and to intermarry with the Lowlanders. 
The name, McConnell, is corrupted from McDonald, or McDonnell, at 
one time the largest and most powerful of the Highland clans. 

From tlie counties of Wigtonshire and Kirkcudbrightshire (once 
forming the ancient principality of Galloway, and from Avhence come the 
Galloway cattle,) besides the McCullochs and the McClellans, come also 
the Agnews, Boyles', Douglasses, Carnahans, Carsons, Glendennings, Gor- 
dons, Hannas, Herrons, Kerrs, McCreas, McBrides, McMaths, Mc- 
Mychens, McMillans,^ Maxwells, Ramseys, Stewarts, and others. 

James Hogg, the " Ettrick Shepherd," and poet, was from Selkirk- 
shire, and the name also occurs in Porthsliire. 

From Fifeshire come the Bealls, the Hendersons, and also some of 
the Gillespie families. 


From Dumbartonshire, just north of Ghisgow, come the Calhouns 
and the Macfarlands. 

From Elginshire come the Birnies. 

From Inverness, in the Highlands, come the McBeans, McKinleys, 
and Finlays, (all septs of the once powerful Clan Chattan, of whom the 
chiefs were Mclntoshes and McPhersons) ; also the Davidsons and Grants. 

From Lanarkshire, the Biggars. 

From Forfarshire, the Lyons and the Ogilvios. 

From Stirlingshire, the Buchanans, Forsythes, and Pattersons. 

From Edinburghshire, the Craigs, Kerrs, Gilmores, Eamseys, and 

From Sutherland, in the northern Highlands, the McKays, McCoys, 
McKees, etc., many of whom are also found in Galloway. 

From Dumfriesshire, south of Glasgow, the Carothers', Elliotts, 
Dicksons (and, possibl}^, also the Dickersons), the Johnstons, and the 

From Caithness, the most northern county of Scotland, the McEaes 
(and, possibly, also the Eaes, Eeas, or Eays, although many of this name 
lived in Galloway and Ayrshire). 

From ]lenfrewshire, the Knoxes. 

Nearly all the Scotch who settled in the North of Ireland at the time 
of the first plantation of Ulster (1G06 to 1G35), came from the western 
Lowland counties of Scotland, lying on the opposite coast and less than 
thirty miles distant from county Down. The greater part of them came 
from iiyrshire and Galloway, and those two districts in Scotland were 
the nesting-places of the early Scottish ancestors of the majority of the 
people living in Harrison county to-day. The scene of Scott's " Guy 
Mannering " is laid in Wigtonshire (the western half of Galloway), as is 
also that of much of S. E. Crockett's " Galloway Herd." All readers of 
Burns, and of Stevenson's "Master of Ballantrae," are familiar with 
Ayrshire. The places and people of these districts are also well known to 
those who have read of the persecutions and sufferings of the early Scot- 
tish Covenanters. 

The story of the Scottish emigration to Ulster may be outlined in a 
few paragraphs. It begins near the close of the year 1603, when Con Mc- 
Neale O'Neale, of Castlereagh, got into serious trouble, by reason of not 
having his Avine-casks full at the time when he had invited some of his rel- 
atives to have a "wee drop" with him. Con ruled the Upper Clannaboye, 
the north half of County Down; and happened to be holding high state in 


his hallp of Castlerefigh with his brothers, and cousins, and relatives of 
near dcijree. Thej were all "proper" men — to nse a Celtic term of re- 
spect — and quite naturally drank Con's cellar dry; whereupon he des- 
jiat^iitd retainers to Belfast, two miles distant, for a fresh supply of wine. 
There his servants had a quarrel with certain soldiers of Queen Eliza- 
beth, who were stationed at Belfast Castle, and they came hack to their 
master without the "drink." This naturally roused Con to fury, and he 
tbreatei ed dire vengeance on his clansmen if they did not return to the 
fight, punish the English, and recover the wine. The second encounter 
proved more serious than the first; an English soldier was killed, and 
the Irish Government took the matter up. Con was charged with "levy- 
ing war against the Queen," and thrown into the Castle as a prisoner, 
from whence he seemed likely to escape only by the loss of his head. In 
this extremity, Con's wife appealed for help to Hugh Montgomery, Laird 
of I'.raidstane, in Ayrshire, whose home lay on the Scottish coast, across 
the Irish channel. Montgomery, for a "consideration," agreed to help 
Con to escape; and to that purpose immediately sent his relative, Thomas 
Montgomery of Blackston, who was the owner of a trading-sloop, to Car- 
rickfergus Castle. Arriving there, the canny Thomas, without loss of 
time, proceeded to make love to the keeper's daughter; and to such good 
effect, that having been admitted to the Castle, he contrived to get the 
prison-guard to drink a very large quantity of what was possibly some 
of the same wine over which the fight had arisen. Con was then fur- 
nished with a rope, by which he let himself out of a window, found 
Thomas Jlontgomery's sloop waiting for him in the Lough, and was 
across to Braidstane and safety Avithin a few hours. Here, C021 
entered into an agreement with Hugh Montgomery, by which he agreed 
to cede to him half his lands in Clannaboye (the proportion afterwards 
being increased to two-thirds), on condition that the latter should pro- 
cure him a free pardon from King James for all his offences, and get Con 
admitted to the King's presence, and allowed to kiss the King's hand. 
Through the assistance of Mr. James Plamilton, an influential courtier, 
this pardon was later obtained, and Con admitted to His Majesty's pres- 
ence; and two-thirds of Con's estates were in due time confirmed to Ham- 
ilton (who also required a "consideration") and Montgomery by the 

As soon as the patents were issued by the Irish Council, Con's benefi- 
ciaries crossed into Scotland again, to call upon their whole kith and kin 


to aid them in the plantation of their estates, it having heen a condition 
imposed by the King, in confirming the grant, that the lands were to be 
^■planted" with English and Scottish colonists; and to be granted only to 
those of English and Scottish blood, "and not to any of the mere Irish." 
To Hamilton fell the western portion of Xorth Down, to Montgomery, 
the eastern; and both seem to have added to their estates, as Con O'Neale 
was forced to sell the third which he had reserved for himself. Both 
were Ayrshire men, and both from the northern division of the county. 
Hamilton was of the Hamilton family of Dunlop; and Montgomery was 
from near Beith. The former founded the towns of Bangor and Killy- 
leagh, and raised churches in each of the six parishes embraced in his 
estate — Bangor, Killinchy, Holywood, Ballyhalbert, Dundonald, and 
Killyleagh. Montgomery's estate embraced the country around Newton 
and Donaghadee known as the Great Ards. He belonged to a family 
having numerous connections throughout North Aj^rshire and Eenfrew- 
shire, and to them he turned for assistance. His principal supporters 
were his kinsmen, Thomas Montgomery, his brother-in-law, John Shaw, 
son of the laird of Wester Greenock, and Colonel David Boyd, of the 
noble house of Kilmarnock. With their help he seems to have persuaded 
many others of high and low degree to join in trying their fortunes in 
Ireland, among them being the Montgomeries, Calderwoods, Agnews, 
Adairs, Cunninghams, Shaws, Muirs, Maxwells, Boyles, Harvies, and 
many others with good west-country surnames. 

The siiccess of this settlement made by Hamilton and Montgomery 
was immediate; for four years after the foundation of the colony — in 
IGIO — Montgomery alone was able to bring before "the King's muster- 
master a thousand able lighting men to serve, when out of them a militia 
should be raised." Four years after this time, in a letter written from 
North Down by the Earl of xVbercorn to John Murray, King James's 
secretary of state, he says, in referring to the same colonists : "They have 
above 2,000 habile Scottis men well armit heir, rady for his Majestie's 
service as thai sail be commandit." This muster of 2,000 men able to 
bear arms, represented an emigration of at least 10,000 persons. 

Meantime, across the river Lagan, in county Antrim, a plantation 
had been made by Sir Arthur Chichester, then Lord Deputy of Ireland. 
This, though not at first peculiarly Scottish, was soon to become so. In 
1603, Chichester obtained a grant of the Castle of Belfast, and around 
this fortress a village soon sprang up. The Commissioners' Survey, 
taken in the 5^ear IGII, reports that "the town of Belfast is plotted out 


in a good forme, wherein are many famelyes of English, Scotch, and some 
IManksmen already inhabitinge, and ane inn with very good lodging." 
The Settlement Commissioners passed along the north shore of Belfast 
Lough, finding everywhere houses springing up, and in every part of the 
Lord Deputy's lauds, "many English famelies, some Scottes, and dyvers 
cyvill Irish planted." While South Antrim was thus "planted," mainly 
by English settlers, the northern half of the county was opened up for 
settlement, without the violent transference of land from Irish to Briton, 
which was carried out in other parts of Ulster. The northeast corner of 
Ireland had been long held by the MacDonnells (the Highland pronuncia- 
tion of this name is MacConnell), a clan which also peopled the island 
of Jura, and Cantyre on the mainland of Scotland. The chief of these 
Scoto-Irishmen, Eandall MacDonnell, after the Earl of Tyrone's rebel- 
lion, resolved to throw in his lot with the Government, and turn loyal 
subject. This he did, aud as reward received a grant of the northern 
half of county Antrim, from Ijarne to Portrush, and the honor of 
knighthood. He set himself to the improvement of his lands, letting out 
to the natives on the coast, and also to the Scottish settlers, such arable 
portions of his lands as had been depopulated by the war, for terms vary- 
ing from twenty-one to 301 years. These leases seem to have been largely 
taken advantage of by the Scottish settlers,who allowed the natives to 
keep the "Glynnes," or Glens, and themselves took possession of the rich 
land along the river Bann, from Lough Neagh to the town of Coleraine, 
near its mouth. Thus, in time, county Antrim, from north to south, 
became nearly as Scottish as the portion of county Down lying north 
of the Ifourne mountains. 

The plantations in counties Down and Antrim, however, were limited 
in scope in comparison with the "Great Plantation in Ulster," for which 
James I.'s reign will be forever remembered in Ireland. 

About the year 1607, O'lS^eill, Earl of Tyrone, and MacDonnell, Earl 
of Tyrconnel, with a number of the lesser Irish chiefs, having rebelled 
against the King and been proclaimed traitors, their lands were confis- 
cated by the Crown; and all of northern Ireland — Londonderry, Donegal, 
Tyrone, Cavan, Armagh, and Eermanagh — passed into the hands of the 

The plan adopted by James for the colonization of these six "es- 
cheated" counties, was to take possession of the finest portions of this 
great tract of country (amounting in all to nearly four millions of acres); 
to divide it into small estates, none larger than two thousand acres; and 


to grant these to men of known wealth and substance. Those who ac- 
cepted grants were bound to live on their lands themselves, to bring with 
them Endish and Scottish settlers, and to build for themselves and for 
their tenants fortified places for defence, houses to live in, and churches 
in which to worship. The native Irish were assigned to the poorer lands 
and less accessible districts; while the allotments to the English and 
Scots were kept together, so that they might form communities, and not 
mix or intermarry with the Irish. The purpose was not only to transfer 
the ownership of the land from Irish to Briton, but to introduce a British 
population in place of an Irish one. 

James seems to have seen that the parts of Scotland nearest Ireland, 
and which had most intercourse with it, were most likely to yield proper 
colonists. He resolved, therefore, to enlist the assistance of the great 
families of the southwest, trusting that their feudal power would enable 
them to bring with them bodies of colonists. Thus, grants were made to 
Ludovick Stewart, Duke of Lennox, who had great power in Dumbarton- 
shire; to James Hamilton, Earl of Abercorn, and his brothers, who rep- 
resented the power of the Hamiltons in Eenfrewshire. North Ayrshire 
had been already largely drawn on by Hamilton and Montgomery, but one 
of the sons of Lord Kilmarnock, Sir Thomas Boyd, received a grant; while 
from South Ayrshire came the Cunninghams and Crawfords, and Andrew 
Stewart (Lord Ochiltree) and his son. But it was on Galloway men that 
the greatest grants were bestowed. Almost all the great houses of the 
time are represented — Sir Robert MacLellan, Laird Bomby, as he is 
called, who afterwards became Lord Kirkcudbright; John Murray of 
Broughton, one of the secretaries of state; Vans (Vance) of Barnbarroch; 
Sir Patrick McKie of Laerg; Dunbar of Mochrum; one of the Stewarts 
of Garlics, from whom .Newtown Stewart takes its name. With the re- 
cipient of 2,000 acres, the agreement was that he Avas to bring ''forty- 
eiffht able men of the age of eighteen or upwards, being born in England 
or the inward [i. e., southern] parts of Scotland." The progress of the 
colonies in the different counties is very accurately described in a series 
of reports by Government inspectors, at various periods between the 
3'ears 1610 to 1620, and in the letters of Chichester himself, which are to 
be found in the Calendar of State Papers for Ireland, and in the Carew 
Papers (both published by the British Government). 

The most interesting of these reports are those regarding "under- 
takers" (as the grantees were called), who took possession in the year 
1610, made up their minds to remain and to thrive in Ulster, and who 


founded families whose names were afterwards to be well known in Ire- 
land. In Donegal, on Lough Swilly, will be found on the map the names 
of two villages, ]\Ianor Cunningham and Kewtown Cunningham. The 
men who introduced so Scottish a name into so Irish a county are thus 
noticed in the report of 1611: "Sir James Cunningham, Knight, Laird 
Glangarnoth, 2,000 acres, took possession, but returned into Scotland. 
Three families of British residents preparing to build . . . John 
Cunningham of Cranfield, 1,000 acres, resident with one family of Brit- 
ish . . . Cuthbert Cunningham, 1,000 acres, resident with two fam- 
ilies of British ; built an Irish house of copies, and prepared materials to 
re-edify the Castle of Coole-McEtreen." In county Tyrone, "The Earl 
of Abercorn, chief undertaker in the precinct in the county of Tyrone, 
has taken possession, resident with lady and family, and built for the 
present near the town of Strabane some large timber houses . . . 
His followers and tenants have since May last built twenty-eight houses 
of fair copies, and before May by his tenants, who are all Scottish men, 
the number of thirty-two houses of like goodness." "The Lo. Uchelrie 
[Lord Ochiltree] 3,000 acres in the county of Tyrone, being stayed by con- 
trary winds in Scotland, arrived in Ireland at the time of our being in Ar- 
magh, upon our retiirn home, accompanied with thirty-two followers, 
gent, of sort, a minister, some tenants, freeholders, and artificers." 

In 1618, the Irish Government instructed Captain Nicholas Pynnar 
to inspect every allotment in the six "escheated" counties, and to report 
on each one, whether held by "natives" or "foreign pknters." Pynnar's 
report (published in the Irish State Papers), presents a very exact pic- 
lure of what had been done by the settlers in the counties inspected — • 
Londonderry, Donegal, Tyrone, Armagh, Cavan, and Fermanagh. He 
states that, " there are upon occasion 8,000 men of British birth and de- 
scent for defence, though a fourth part of the lands is not fully inhab- 
ited." Of these, fully three-fourths must have been Scots; and if there 
be added the great colonies in Down and Antrim, there must have been 
an immigration from Scotland of between 30,000 and 40,000 in these ten 

The only county in which the Scottish settlers failed to take firm 
root was Fermanagh, for there, in 1618, when Pynnar reported, a large 
number of the Scottish proportions had been sold, and were held by Eng- 
lishmen. The result is seen in the small number of Presbyterians in com- 
parison to Episcopalians to be found at the present day in county Fer- 


■ The most exact account of the emigration to TTlster is contained in 
a hook of travels in Scotland and Irelanrl, hy Sir William Brereton, of 
Cheshire, England. He states that he came to Irvine, in AATshire, on 
July 1st, 1635^ and was hospitably entertained hy Mr. James Blair, and 
that his host informed him that "above ten thousand persons have witliin 
two years last past left this country wherein they lived, which was be- 
twixt Aberdine and Enuerness [Inverness], and are gone for Ireland; they 
have come hy one hundred in company through this town, and three hun- 
dred have gone hence together, shipped for Ireland at one tide. None 
of them can give a reason why they leave the country; only some of them 
who make a better use of God's hand upon them have acknowledged to 
mine host in these words, 'that it was a just judgment of God to spew 
them out of the land for their unthankf ulness.' One of them I met withal 
and discoursed with at large, who could give no good reason, but pre- 
tended the landlords increasing their rents; but their swarming in Ire- 
land is so much taken notice of and disliked, as that the Deputy has sent 
out a warrant to stay the landing of any of these Scotch that come with- 
out a certification." 

The closing sentence of the foregoing extract gives us a brief and 
characteristic description of Scottish motives and methods in the colon- 
ization and settlement of a new country, that^ma^ applied to every 
one of their successive migrations, or "swarmings," from that day to this. 
It was the spirit of unrest, the thirst for adventure, and, chiefly, the de- 
sire to better their worldly condition, that led them into the Land of 
Promise in that day, and at numerous periods since. They came without 
regard to the jealous forebodings of the governing few, already on the 
ground, who feared they themselves would be outnumbered by thp 
strangers; they likewise paid no regard to the official restrictions by 
which the rulers of Ireland at that time, and the Councils of American 
colonies a century later, sought to prevent their entry. 

The emigration from Ireland to America of the grandchildren and 
great-grandchildren of these Scottish colonists of the sixteenth century 
began soon after 1700; and for more than three-quarters of a century af- 
terwards, Ulster poured into America a continuous stream, sometimes 
reaching the dimensions of a flood, of people of Scottish birth or de- 
scent. In 1718, several hundred of them came together from the Yalley 
of the Bann, south of the town of Coleraine, in county Londonderry, 
landing at Boston. Here, they were not permitted by the Puritans to re- 
main, but Averc obliged to go out to the frontiers, forming colonies along 


the coast of Ifaiiie, at Lonrlonrlorry, in New Hampshire, and at Worces- 
ter, in Massachusetts. In the latter place, they huilt a cliurch, and con- 
templated having Presbyterian services, after the manner of their 
fathers; but the bigoted Puritans, then in the majority, tore down the 
building in the night; forced them to abandon the project, and taxed 
them to support their own State Church. Many of these settlers were 
thus obliged to move further out towards the frontier, where they 
founded the towns of Pelham and Coleraine, in Massachusetts. 

A great many Scotch and Scotch-Irish also emigrated to JSTew York, 
to New Jerse}^ and to Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas. But it was 
to Pennsylvania, the Quaker Colony, that the great bulk of the Ulster mi- 
gration came. They began to reach there before 1710; and before 1720, 
thousands had come into the colony by way of Newcastle, Del. (then 
included in Pennsylvania). At first, they generally settled near the dis- 
puted Maryland boundary line. Before 1730, they had occupied much of 
the lower lands in the townships of East and West Nottingham, Cecil 
county, ]\Iaryland, and Mill Creek and White Clay Creek in Newcastle 
county, Delaware, In Pennsylvania they settled in the townships of Lon- 
don Britain, New Loudon, Londonderry, London Grove, East and West 
Nottingham, Upper and Lower Oxford, East and West Fallowfield, Sads- 
bury, East and West Cain, and the newer townships between, in Chester 
county; Little Britain, Colerain, Bart, Sadsbury, Salisbury, Drumore. 
Martic, and Donegal in Lancaster county ; and Derry, Paxtang, and Han- 
over, in Dauphin county. They had also gone into Bucks county in laro-e 
numbers, settling in Warwick and Warminster townships, along Nesham- 
iny creek; and in Northampton county, in Allen and Hanover town- 

James Logan, then secretary of the province, and himself a Scotch- 
Irish Quaker, writing of them to the Penns in 1724, states that they had 
generally taken up the southern lands (towards the Maryland line), and 
as they rarely approached him Avith proposals of purchase, he calls them 
"bold and indigent strangers, saying as their excuse, when challenged 
for titles, that we had solicited for colonists and they had come accord- 
ingly." They were, however, understood to be a tolerated class, exempt 
from quit-rents by an ordinance of 1720, in consideration of their being 
a frontier people, and forming a cordon of defence about the non-fight- 
ing Quakers. They thus served to protect them, if need be — and the ne- 
cessity often arose — from the murderous incursions of the Indians, and 


from Maryland and Virginia invaders who claimed part of the land as 
within the bounds of their own colonies. 

In 1729, Logan expresses himself as pleased to find that Parliament 
is about to take measures to prevent the too free emigration from Ulster 
to America. "It looks/' he writes, "as if Ireland is to send all its in- 
habitants hither, for last week not less than six ships arrived, and every 
day, two or three arrive also. The common fear is that if they thus con- 
tinue to come they will make themselves proprietors of the Province. It 
is strange that they thus crowd where they are not wanted. . . The In- 
dians themselves are alarmed at the swarms of strangers, and we are 
afraid of a breach between them — for the [Scotch-] Irish are very rough 
to them." In 1730, he writes and complains of the Irish as hav- 
ing in an "audacious and disorderly manner" possessed themselves about 
that time of the whole of Conestoga Manor, a tract of about 15,000 acres, 
which had been reserved by the Penns for themselves, as it contained 
some of the best land in the Province. In taking this land by force, he 
says, the}'' alleged that "it was against the laws of God and nature, that 
so much land should be idle while so many Christians wanted it to labor 
on, and to raise their bread." This same spirit on the part of the Scotch- 
Irish led them in after years (1745-50) to settle in the Tuscarora and 
Path Valleys, where their cabins were burned by the provincial authorities, 
and later (17G3-8), along Eedstone creek in what is now Fayette county, 
where they were warned off by the Quaker Assembly, "under pain of 
death;" and later still (1779 and 178-1-7) along and near Short creek, in 
what is now the territory of Jefferson, Belmont, and Harrison counties, 
Ohio, where they were repeatedly driven off by United States troops, 
their cabins burned, and their improvements destroyed; but to which lo- 
calities they as persistently returned and rebuilt, and remained on the 
land, improving it, until the Territory was thrown open for settlement. 

In another letter written by Logan, about the same time (1730), he 
says : "I must own, from my own experience in the land-office, tliat the 
settlement of five families from Ireland gives me more trouble than fifty 
of any other people. Before we were broke in upon, ancient Friends and 
first settlers lived happily; but now the case is quite altered." 

Logan's successor, Eichard Peters, had a somewhat similar experience 
with the Scotch-Irish emigrants of his day. In a letter written by 
him in 1743, he states that he went to the Manor of Maske, to warn 
off and dispossess the squatter settlers. This was another choice tract 
of upwards of 40,000 acres, located in the wilderness by the Penns as a 


reservation, lying on both sides of Marsh creek, then in Lancaster, 
now in Adams county, being the site of Gettysburg, and including 
the bottom lands southward to the Maryland line. On that occasion, 
the people who were settled there, to the number of about seventy, as- 
sembled and forbade Penn's surveyors to proceed. On the latter persist- 
ing, the settlers broke the surveyors' chain, and compelled them to retire. 
Peters had with him at the time a sheriff and a magistrate; and many of 
the settlers were afterwards indicted ; but a compromise was effected, by 
which the squatters were permitted to lease and purchase the Penn titles 
for a comparatively insignificant consideration; and they were left in 

The reasons for the emigration of the Scotch from Ulster to Amer- 
ica are in part the same as those given to Brereton by the emigrant from 
Scotland to Ireland in 1635, which are noted above. But there was 
another and more cogent reason in addition. In Ireland, notwithstand- 
ing the fact that they had saved that country to Protestantism and to 
the Crown in the revolution of 1688, the Scots were grievously and un- 
justly discriminated against in the matter of their religion, which was, 
of course, generally of the Presbyterian form. These discriminations 
took the form of certain enactments by the Bishop's party in the Irish 
Parliament (which was then entirely ruled by the ecclesiastics of the 
Episcopal or State Church). These enactments deprived Presbyterians 
of the right to hold office in Ireland, required them to pay tithes in sup- 
port of the Episcopal clergy, prohibited marriages from being performed 
by any but a Bishop-ordained priest, eitlicr of the Roman or Episcopal 
Church; and annulled marriages theretofore performed by Presbyterian 
ministers, declaring illegitimate the children of such marriages. Adding 
to these the economic causes arising from a discriminating tariff levied 
against Irish woollens and linens, in favor of the English manufacturers, 
and the raising of rents by the landlords, to whom a great majority of the 
Ulster Scotch-Irish were but tenants, and we have a sufBcient explana- 
tion of the reasons for the exodus which took place from Ireland to Am- 
erica during the eighteenth century. Archbishop Boulter, Primate of 
Ireland, writing to the Bishop of London in 1728 concerning the emigra- 
tion to America, says; 

Dublin, March 13, 1728. 

My Lord — As we have had reports here that the Irish gentlemen 
in London would have the great burthen of tithes thought one of the 


chief grievances that occasion such nnmbers of the people of the north 
going to America, I have for some time designed to write to your lordship 
on that subject. 

But a memorial lately delivered in here by the Dissenting ministers 
of this place, containing the causes of this desertion, as represented to 
them by the letters of their brethren in the north, (which memorial we 
have lately sent over to my lord lieutenant), mentioning the oppression 
of the ecclesiastical courts about tithes as one of their great grievances. 
I found myself under a necessity of troubling your lordship on this occa- 
sion with a true state of that affair, and of desiring your lordship to dis- 
course with the ministry about it. 

The gentlemen of this country have, ever since I came hither, been 
talking to others, and persuading their tenants, who complained of the 
excessiveness of their rents, that it w^as not the paying too much rent, 
but too much tithes that impoverished them; and the notion soon took 
among the Scotch Presbyterians, as a great part of the Protestants in 
the north are, who it may easily be supposed do not pay tithes with great 
cheerfulness. And indeed I make no doubt but the landlords in England 
mi2;ht with great ease raise a cry amongst their tenants of the great op- 
pression they lay under by paying tithes. 

What tlie gentlemen want to be at is, that they may go on raising their 
rents, and that the clergy should still receive their old payments for their 
tithes. But as things have happened otherwise, and they are very angry 
with the clergy, without considering that it could not happen otherwise 
than it has, since if a clergyman saw a farm raised in its rent, e. g., from 
10 to 20 1. per annum, he might be sure his tithe was certainly worth 
double what he formerly took for it. Xot that I believe the clergy have 
made a proportionable advancement in their composition for their tithes 
to Avhat the gentlemen have made in their rents. And yet it is upon this 
rise of the value of the tithes that they would persuade the people to 
throw their distress. 

In a conference I had with the Dissenting ministers here some weeks 
ago, they mentioned the raising the value of the tithes beyond what had 
been formerly paid, that a proof that the people were oppressed in the 
article of tithes. To which I told them, that the value of tithes did not 
prove any oppression, except it were proved that that value was greater 
than theV were really worth, and that even then, the farmer had his 
remedy by letting the clergy take it in kind. 

And there is the less in this argument, because the fact is, that 
about the years 1694 and 1695, the lands here were almost waste and un- 
settled, and the clergy in the last distress for tenants for their tithes, 
when great numbersof them were glad to let their tithes at a very low 
value, and that during incumbency, for few would take them on other 
terms; and as the country lias since settled and improved, as those incum- 
bents have dropped off, "the tithe of those parties has been considerably 
advanced without the least oppression, but I believe your lordship will 


think not without some grnmhling. The same, no doubt, has happened 
where there have been careless or needy incumbents, and others of a dif- 
ferent character that have succeeded them. 

I need not mention to your lordship that I have been forced to talk 
to several here, that if a landlord takes too great a portion of the profits 
of a farm for his share by way of rent (as the tithe will light on the ten- 
ant's share), the tenant will be impoverished; but then it is not the tithe 
but the increased rent that nndoes the farmer. And indeed, in this coun- 
try, where I fear the tenant hardly ever has more than one-third of the 
profit he makes of his farm for his share, and too often but a fourth or 
perhaps a fifth part, as the tenant's share is charged with the tithe, his 
case is no doubt hard, but it is plain from what side the hardship arises. 

Another thing they complain of in their memorial is, the trouble 
that has been given them about their marriages and their school-masters. 
As to this I told them, that for some time they had not been molested 
about their marriages; and that aa to their school-masters, I was sure 
they had met with very little trouble on that head, since I had never 
heard any such grievance so much as mentioned till I saw it in their 

Another matter complained of is, the sacramental test, in relation 
to which I told them the laws were the same in England. 

As for other grievances they mention, such as raising the rents un- 
reasonably, the oppression of justices of the peace, seneschals, and other 
officers in the country, as they are of no ways of an ecclesiastical nature, 
I shall not trouble your lordship with an account of them, but must desire 
your lordship to talk with the ministry on the subject I have now wrote 
about, and endeavor to prevent their being prepossessed with an unjust 
opinion of the clergy, or being disposed, if any attempt should be made 
from hence, to suffer us to be stript of our just rights. 

The spirit of emigration — fostered no doubt by the accounts sent 
home by their countrymen who had preceded them — seized these people 
to such an extent that it threatened almjst a total depopulation. Such 
multitudes of husbandmen, laborers, and manufacturers flocked to the 
other side of the Atlantic, that the landlords began to be alarmed, and to 
present ways and means for preventing the growing evil. Scarce a ship 
sailed for the colonies that was not crowded with men, women, and 
children. It is stated by Proud, in his history of Pennsylvania, that by 
the year 1729, six thousand Scotch-Irish had come to that colony, and 
that before the middle of the century, nearly twelve thousand arrived 
annually for several years. In September, 173G, alone, one thousand fam- 
ilies sailed from Belfast, on account of the difficulty of renewing their 


The first extensive emigration took place from about the year 1718 
to the middle of the century. A second emigration occurred from about 
1771 to 1773, although there was a continuous current westward between 
these two periods. 

The cause of this second emigration was somewhat similar to the 
first. It is well known that a greater portion of the lands in Ireland are 
owned by a comparatively small number of proprietors, who rent them to 
the farming classes on long leases. In 1771, the leases on the estate of 
the Marquis of Donegal having expired, the rents were so largely ad- 
vanced that many of the tenants could not comply with the demands, 
and were deprived of the farms they had occupied. This roused a spirit 
of resentment to the oppression of the large landed proprietors, and an 
immediate and extensive emigration to America was the result. From 
1771 to 1773, there sailed from the ports in the north of Ireland, nearly 
one hundred vessels, carrying upwards of 25,000 passengers, nearly all 
of whom were Presbyterians. This was shortly before the breaking out 
of the Eevolutionary War, and, as has been often remarked, these people, 
leaving the old world in such a temper, became a powerful contribution 
to the cause of liberty, and to the Independence of the colonies. 

The Scotch-Irish emigrants landed principally at Newcastle and 
Philadelphia, and thence found their way northward and westward into 
the eastern and middle counties of Pennsylvania. From thence, one 
stream followed the Cumberland and Virginia valleys into Virginia and 
North and South Carolina, and from these colonies, passed on into and 
settled Tennessee and Kentucky. Anether powerful body went into 
western Pennsylvania, and settling on the head waters of the Ohio, be- 
came famous, both in civil and ecclesiastical history. 

The Pennsylvania Scotch-Irish began to settle west of the Blue 
Ridge mountains before 1750, where up to that time the Indians held 
undisputed sway. Fear of an Indian outbreak led the Penns in that year 
to send the justices of Cumberland county over the mountains into the 
Tuscarora, Aughwick, and Path Valleys, where the settlers were dis- 
possessed, their cabins burned, and their bonds taken that they should 
return to the older settlements. Some of them did return for a brief 
period, but soon went back, while others hid themselves away in the 
woods, and after the justices had departed, built themselves new cabins, 
and continued to improve their "claims." Before 1760, small settlements 
were made by members of this hardy and adventurous race aroimd the 
the military posts of Forts Bedford, Eedstone, and Ligonier; and in 1768, 


Rev. John Steel and others were sent by the Provincial authorities to 
warn off the settlers at Eedstone (in Fayette county) and Turkey Foot 
(in Somerset county). In 1769, however, the land having been ceded by 
the Indians, all of southwestern Pennsylvania was thrown open to settle- 
ment, and within the next ten years more than 25,000 people were living 
in the territory now comprising the counties of Westmoreland, Allegheny. 
Fayette, and Washington. In 1790, the population of these four counties 
amounted to upwards of 63,000, Washington county alone containing 
nearly 24,000 inhabitants. 

In his "Introductory Memoir to the Journal of Braddock's Expe- 
dition," Winthrop Sargent gives an estimate of the character of the 
Scotch-Irish, which, although properly objected to by some as exagger- 
ated, is not an unfavorable description of many of the early pioneers of 
Pennsylvania : 

They were a hardy, brave, hot-headed race, excitable in temper, un- 
restrainable in passion, invincible in prejudice. Their hand opened as 
impetuously to a friend as it clinched against an enem^^ Thev loathed 
the Pope as sincerely as they venerated Calvin and Knox; and" they did 
not particularly respect the Quakers. If often rude and lawless it was 
partly the fault of their position. They hated the Indian while they des- 
pised him, and it does not seem, in their dealings with this race, as thouo'h 
there were any sentiments of honor or magnanimity in their bosoms that 
could hold way against the furious tide of passionate, blind resentment. 
Impatient of restraint, rebellious against everything that in their eves 
bore the semblance of injustice, we find these men readiest amono- the 
ready on the battle-fields of the Revolution. If they had faults, a lack 
of patriotism or of courage was not among the number. 



The founder of the society of Friends was George Fox, who was 
born at Drayton in the Clay, in Liecestershire, England, in July, 1624. 
His father was a Puritan weaver, and the son, originally intended for the 
church, was apprenticed to a shoemaker and dealer in wool. "In 1643," 
he says, "I left my relations, and broke ofE all familiarity with young or 
old." For the next few years, he was in spiritual darkness, and groped 
after the light. He dates the beginning of his Society from Liecester- 
shire, in 1644. The course of Quakerism was at first toward the north 
of England. It appeared in Warwickshire in 1645; in Nottinghamshire in 
1646; in Derby in 1647; in the adjacent counties in 1648, 1649, and 1650. 
It reached Yorkshire in 1651; Lancaster and Westmoreland, 1653; Cum- 
berland, Durham, and IM orthumberland, 1653; London, and most other 
parts of England, Scotland, and Ireland, in 1654. In 1655, Friends 
went beyond sea, 'Svhere truth also spruug up," and in 1656 "it broke 
forth in America, and many other places." (Fox's Journal, IL, 442.) 

The Society of Friends was not organized by the establishment of 
meetings to insj)ect the affairs of the church until some years after Fox 
began preaching, and then a prominent part of the business of these 
meetings was to aid those Friends who were in prison, for persecution 
followed hard upon their increase in numbers. In 1661, 500 were in 
prison in London alone; there were 4,000 in jail in all England; and the 
Act of Indulgence liberated 1,200 Quakers in 1673. But Quakerism 
flourished under persecution. Tliey showed a firmness which has been 
seen nowhere else in the annals of religious history. Other Dissenters 
might temporize, plot against the Government, or hold meetings in 


secret; the Quakers, never. They scorned these things. They received 
the brutal violence of the Government in meekness ; they met openly, and 
in defiance of its orders; they wearied it by their very persistence. 
Nevertheless, the simplicity, the earnestness, the devotion, and the prac- 
tical nature of this system of theology, when contrasted with the dry 
husk of Episcopacy, and the jangling creeds of the Dissenters, won 
them adlierents by the thousands. They came mostly from the lower 
ranks of society, but from all sects. 

Quakerism is distinctively the creed of the seventeenth century. 
Seekers were in revolt against the established order. It gave these 
seekers what they were looking for. In theology, it was un-Puritan; 
but in cultus, modes, and forms, it was more than Puritan. The Quaker 
was the Puritan of the Puritans. He was an extremist, and this brought 
him into conflict with the establislied order. He believed that Quaker- 
ism was primitive Christianity revived. He recognized no distinction 
l)etween the clergy and the laity; he refused to swear, for Christ had 
said, swear not at all ; he refused to fight, for the religion of Christ is a 
religion of love, not of war; he would pay no tithes, for Christ had said, 
ye have freely received, freely give; he called no man master, for he 
thought the terms, Eabbi, Your Holiness, and Eight Eeverend con- 
noted the same idea. He rejected the dogmas of water baptism and the 
Puritan Sabbath, and in addition to these, claimed that inspiration is not 
limited to the writers of the Old and 'New Testaments, but is the gift of 
Jehovah to all men who will accept it, and to interpret the Scriptures, 
men must be guided l)y the Spirit that guided its authors. Here was the 
cardinal doctrine of their creed, and the point where they differed radi- 
cally from other Dissenters. Add to this the doctrine of the Inner 
Light, the heavenly guide given directly to inform or illuminate the in- 
dividual conscience, and we have the corner-stones of their system. 

In July, 1656, Ann Austin and Mary Fisher, the vanguard of a 
Quaker army, appeared in Boston from Barbadoes. They were the first 
Quakers to arrive in America. They were imprisoned and shipped back. 
In October of the same year, a law was passed, which provided a fine for 
the shipmaster wlio knowingly brought in Quakers, and obliged him to 
carry them out again. The Quaker was to be whipped, and committed 
to the house of correction. Any person importing books, "or writings 
concerning their devilish opinions," or defending their "heretical 
opinions," was to be fined, and, for the tliird offense, banished. ISTor was 
any person to revile the magistrates and ministry, "as is usual with the 


Quakers." The law of October, 1657, imposed a fine for entertaining a 
Quaker. If a Quaker returned after being sent away once, he was to 
lose one ear; if he returned the second time, the other ear; and the 
third offense was punished b}' boring the tongue. The law of October, 
1658, bauished both resident and foreign Quakers, under pain of death. 
In Massachusetts, Quakers had their ears cut off; they were branded; 
they were tied to the cart-tail and whipped through the streets; women 
were shamefully exposed to public gaze; and in 1659-60, three men and 
one woman were hanged on Boston Common. Such was the welcome 
of the first Quakers to American soil. 

Pennsylvania, the Quaker Colony, was founded by William Penn, in 
1681, under a patent granted by Charles II. on March 4th of that year. 
The first colouy left England in August, 1681, in three ships, the Johu 
and Sarah, from London, the Amity, from London, and the Factor, from 
Bristol. The John and Sarah is said to have landed first; the Amity 
was carried by a gale to the West Indies; and the Factor, having pro- 
ceeded up the Delaware as far as the present town of Chester, was, on 
December 11th, frozen up in the channel, and its passengers obliged to 
pass the winter there. William Penn had sent his cousin, Captain William 
Markham, with the colonists, as deputy governor, and did not emigrate 
himself until the month of August, 1G82, when he embarked on the 
Welcome. After a passage of some two months, during which smallpox 
broke out among the emigrants, and carried off one-third of their num- 
ber, Penn and his fellow colonists landed at Newcastle, Del., on October 
27th. Of the history of Penn's colony, and of the Quaker government 
during the next ninety-three years, and until it was finally overthrown in 
1776 by the Revolutionary Scotch-Irish, it is not necessary here to speak. 
Much of this is familiar history to every school-boy. But the influence of 
tke Quakers in the settlement and growth of the states south of Pennsyl- 
sylvania, has never been sufiiciently recognized; and as it was from these 
states that most of the Quaker emigrants to Harrison and adjoin- 
ino- counties came, it will be appropriate to inquire into the history 
of the Quaker in the South. "They appeared in Virginia," says Dr. 
Stephen B. Weeks (from whose work on Southern Quakers and Slavery 
much of this sketch is condensed), "soon after their organization; they 
were in the Carolinas almost with the first settlers; they were considera- 
ble in number and substance; they were well-behaved and law-abiding; 
they maintained friendly relations with the Indians; they were indus- 
trious and friifrnl; they were zealous missionaries; and through their 


earnest and faithful preaching became, toward the close of the seven- 
teenth century, the largest and only organized body of Dissenters in these 

"They have always been zealous supporters of religious freedom. 
They bore witness to their faith under bodily persecution in Virginia; 
under disfranchisement and tithes in the Carolinas and Georgia. By 
reason of their organization and numbers, they were bold and aggressive 
in North Carolina, in the struggle against the Established Church. 
They took the lead in tliis struggle for religious freedom in the first 
half of the eighteenth century, as the Presbyterians did in the latter half. 
They continued an important element in the life of these states until 
about 1800, when their protest against slavery took the form of migra- 
tion. They left their old homes in the South by thousands, and removed 
to the free aSTorthwest, particularly Ohio and Indiana. These emigrant'^ 
composed the middle and lower ranks of society, who had few or no 
slaves, and who could not come into economic competition with slavery. 
They were accompanied by many who were not Quakers, but who were 
driven to emigration by the same economic cause, and so great was this 
emigration that in 1850, one-third of the population of Indiana is said to 
have been made up of native North Carolinians and their children. 

"Soon after 1800, Quakers disappeared entirely from the political 
and religious life of South Carolina and Georgia. They now number 
only a few hundred in Virginia. They are now relatively less important 
in North Carolina than in colonial days, but are still an important factor 
in the making of that state." 

Under the Ordinance of 1787, passed by Congress for the govern- 
ment of the Northwest Territory, neither slavery nor involuntary servi- 
tude, except for crime, was to be allowed in any part of this territory; and 
with a legal guarantee in the organic law of the territory, it became a fit 
home for men who found themselves driven to migration by the institu- 
tion of slavery in the South. 

When we come to study these Quaker migrations in detail, there is 
little to differentiate those of one state from those of another. They 
went in substantially the same way, but owing to difference in location, 
pursued different routes. At first, North Carolina Quakers went very 
largely to Tennessee, while Virginia Quakers, being nearer, went directly 
to Ohio. In this way, Virginia Quakers took possession of Ohio, while 
North Carolina Quakers pressed on to Indiana. 

The first settlers going West, after the opening of the Northwest 


Territory to settlement, stopped naturally in Ohio. As there were then 
no Friends' meetings in that territory, Quaker emigrants left their cer- 
tificates at Bedstone (in Fayette county) and Westland (in Washington 
county), Pennsylvania. The first certificate to Westland meeting is 
dated June 24, 1785. Most of the certificates to Westland and Kedstone 
came from Virginia meetings. The migrations of Carolina Friends to 
this part of the West were few, until after the establishment of the Ohio 
meetings. After 1785, certificates from Virginia monthly meetings to 
Redstone and Westland became numerous; about half of them represent; 
families, some of them being young couples who turned to the West for 
their fortunes. Those Friends who took certificates to Eedstone and 
Westland were but the advance guard of the western migration which 
set in about the year 1800. They continued to go to these meetings for 
a year or two longer; thus South Kiver sent twelve to Westland in 1801, 
and the southern Goose Creek sent fifteen in 1801 and 1802, of which 
thirteen were families, besides a considerable number sent before the be- 
ginning of the present century. Meetings were soon established within 
the Northwest Territory, and then Westland soon disappears as a stop- 
ping-place. Thus, in- 1803, we find certificates from South Eiver to 
"Concord Monthly Meeting, ISTorthAvest Tei'ritory;" but this name almost 
immediately gives place to "Concord ]\lonthly Meeting, State of Ohio," 
and the migrations at once become very numerous. Mr. Williams' very 
full account of the emigration of his own family from North Carolina 
to Concord settlement (in Colerain township, Belmont county) will 
be found in the Chapter on Harrison County Pioneers. During the 
first ten years of the century, most of the emigrants from Virginia 
went from Crooked Run, Hopewell, South River, and the two Goose 
Creek Monthly Meetings; during the second decade they went from 
Hopewell, South River, and the southern Goose Creek Monthly Meetings. 
The migration from the northern Goose Creek and Hopewell became 
active again about 1825, and continued so until 1836. The meetings in 
Virginia which belonged to Baltimore Yearly Meeting were the first to 
send out settlers, for they were nearer the western countr}^, and had less to 
hold them in the way of local associations. From 1812-16, there was a 
considerable migration from the lower meetings of the Virginia Yearly 
Meeting. Of the meetings belonging to this Yearly Meeting, South 
River furnished the greater number of emigrants. From this meeting 
there went eighty-six families, and forty-three single persons, their re- 
moval covering the forty years from 1801 to 1810. In the same way. 


migrations from the southern Goose Creek began with the century, were 
to Westland first, and then to Ohio. These removals sapped the life 
of the Meeting, and it was laid down in 181-1. In 1811, the movement 
began among all the lower meetings. Emigrants from Virginia went 
largely to Ohio. Those who took certificates to the Indiana meetings 
belong to the later period. 

The first migration from North Carolina to the West was made 
directly over the Allegheny mountains, by the adventurers wlio laid the 
foundations of Tennessee. The first considerable movement of Friends 
from jSTorth Carolina to the jSTorthwest was made from the Contentnea 
Quarter. It was emphatic and sweeping in its character. It was liter- 
ally a migration. A letter written from Concord, Belmont county, Ohio, 
(the Quaker settlement a few miles southeast of JSTew Athens), by Borden 
Stanton, one of the leaders of this migration, to Friends at Wri^^hts- 
borough, Ga., who were also thinking of going West, and who did so at 
a later date, has fortunately been preserved. It reveals to us the mo- 
tives, the troubles, and the trials of these modern pilgrims to an unknown 
land. It is dated 25th of 5th month, 1802, and reads as follows: 

Dear Friends — Having understood by William Patten and William 
Hogan, from your parts, that a number among you have had some 
thoughts and turnings of mind respecting a removal to this country; and 
... as it has been the lot of a number of us to undertake the work a 
little before you, I thouglit a true statement (for your information) of 
some of our strugglings and reasonings concerning the propriety of our 
moving . . . 

I may begin thus, and say, that for several years Friends had some 
distant view of moving out of that oppressive part of the land, but did 
not know where, until the year 1799, when we had an aceptable visit from 
some traveling Friends of the western part of Pennsylvania. They 
thought proper to propose to Friends for consi»deration, whether it would 
not be agreeable to best wisdom for us unitedly to remove northwest to 
the Ohio river, — to a p\ce where there were no slaves held, being a free 
country. This proposal made a deep impression on our minds . 

Nevertheless, although we had had a prospect of something of the 
kind, it was at first very crossing to my natural inclination; bemg well 
settled as to the outward. So I strove against the thoughts of moving 
for some time ... as it seemed likely to break up our Monthly Meeting, 
which I had reason to believe was get up in the wisdom of Truth. Thu3, 
I was concerned many times to weigh the matter as in the balance of th3 
sanctuary; till at length, I considered that there was no prospect of our 
number being increased by convincement, on account of the oppression 
that abounded in that land . . . 


Under a view of these things, I -was made sensible, heyond doubting, 
that it was in the ordering of wisdom for us to remove; and that the Lord 
was opening a way for our enlargement, if found worthy. Friends gen- 
erally feeling something of the same, there were three of them who went 
to view the country, and one worthy public Friend. They traveled on 
till they came to this part of the western country, where they were 
stopped in their minds, believing it was the place for Friends to settle. 
So they returned back, and informed us of the same in a solemn meeting ; 
in which dear Joseph Dew, the public Friend, intimated that he saw the 
seed of God sown in abundance, which extended far northwestward. 
This information, in the way it was delivered to us, much tendered our 
spirits, and strengthened us in the belief that it was right. So we under- 
took the work, and found the Lord to be a present helper in every needful 
time, as he was sought unto; yea, to be as "a pillar of cloud by day and 
the pillar of fire by night;" and thus we were led safely along until we 
arrived here. 

The story of their departure from their old homes can be given 
substantially in their own words (records of Contentnea Quarterly Meet- 

It appears by a copy of the minutes of a monthy meeting on Trent 
river, in Jones county, N. C. held in the ninth and tenth months, 1799, 
that the weighty subject of the members thereof being about to remove 
unitedly to the territory northwestward of the Ohio river, was and had 
been before that time deliberately under their consideration. And the 
same proposal was solemnly laid before their Quarterly Meeting, held at 
Contentnea on the ninth of the tenth month; which, on weighing the 
matter and its circumstances, concluded to leave said Friends at their 
liberty to proceed therein, as way might be opened for them; yet the 
subject was continued till their next Quarter. And they having (before 
the said Monthly Meeting ceased) agreed that certificates be signed therein 
for the members, to convey their rights respectively to the Monthly Meet- 
ing nearest to the place of their intended settlement, showing them to bo 
members whilst they resided there ; such certificates for each other mutu- 
ally were signed in their last Monthly Meeting, held at Trent aforesaid, 
in the first month, 1800; which was then solemnly and finally adjourned 
and concluded, and their privilege of holding it, together with the records 
of it, were delivered up to their Quarterly Meeting, held the 18th of the 
same month, 1800. 

They stopped first at the settlements of Friends on the Monongahela 
river, in Fayette and Washington counties, Penna., to prepare for their 
new settlement over the Ohio. They brought their certificates with 
them, laid their circumstances, with extracts from the minutes of their 


former monthly and quarterly meetings in Carolina, before Redstone 
Quarterly meeting, and received the advice and assistance of Friends 

Thus they proceeded, and made their settlement in the year 1800; 
and were remarkably favored with an opportunity to be accommodated 
with a quantity of valuable land at the place which was chosen for 
their settlement by the Friends who went to view the country, before the 
office was opened for granting lands in that territory. 

Borden Stanton continues (Friends' Miscellany, XII., 216-223) : 

The first of us moved west of the Ohio in the ninth month, 1800; 
and none of us had a house at our command, to meet in, to worship the 
Almighty Being. So we met in the woods, until houses were built, which 
was but a short time. In less than one year. Friends so increased that 
two preparative meetings were settled; and in last twelfth month a 
monthly meeting, called Concord, also was opened, which is now large. 
Another preparative meeting is requested, and, also, another first and 
week-day meeting. Four are already granted in the territory, and three 
meeting-houses are built. Way appears to be opening for another 
Monthly Meeting; and, I think, a Quarterly Meeting. . . . 

I may say that as to the outward [i. e., worldly possessions], we have 
been sufficiently provided for, though in a new country. Friends are 
settling fast, and seem, I hope, likely to do well. 

This seems to have been the first considerable migration from North 
Carolina to the West. It seems also to have been the only case on record 
where a whole meeting went in a body. But it was not the only case of 
removal from Contentnea Quarter. Removals from this Quarter either 
to the West, or to upper meetings of the same Quarter, continued until 
Carteret, Beaufort, Hyde, Craven, and Jones counties were depopulated 
of Quakers, and the meetings there laid down. Friends in these coun- 
ties now reported to Core Sound Monthly Meeting, in Carteret county. 
Migration from Core Sound began in 1799, when Ilorton Howard, secre- 
tary of the monthly meeting, took a certificate to Westland, Josiah 
Bundy and Joseph Bishop also removed to Westland that year. In 1802, 
ten parties asked for certificates; no destination was given, but we are 
justified in assuming that it was Westland or Concord. In 1802-0-4, the 
movement was to Concord, Northwest Territory. There was then no 
more emigration from there until 1831. Migrations began from Con- 
tentnea Monthly Meeting in 1800. Between 1800 and 1815, we find 
thirty-six certificates issued. Two were to Redstone, one to Indiana, 
and all the rest to Ohio, most of them to Concord. 


In the folloAving list^ an attempt has been made to give the names 
of those families which were the leaders in the westward migration, or 
which furnished the most recruits to it, from the various monthly meet- 
ings in the East. The names of the meetings to which the joarticular 
families went have also been given, with an approximation of the date: 

Hopewell Monthl}'- Meeting, Ya., sent to Concord (1803-05), mem- 
bers of the families of Lupton, Piggot, Jenkins, Pickering, Miller, Ellis, 
Steer, Bevin; to various other monthly meetings in Ohio (1804- ): Mc- 
Pherson, George, Walter, Wickersham, White, Walton, Wilson, Allen, 
Adams, Branson, Cope, Crampton, Faucett, Hackney, Janney, Lloyd, 
Little, Lupton, Pickering, Steer, Smith, Swayne, Townsend, Taylor. 

Fairfax Monthly Meeting, Va. — To Short Creek, Harrison county 
(1803-22): Lacy, Ball, Hague, Rattekir, Wood, Schuley; to other Ohio 
meetings (1807-44): Wright, Richardson, Connard, Wilkinson, Wood, 
Swayne, Janney, John, Myers, Wilson, 

Goose Creek (northern) Monthly Meeting, Va. — To Concord (1805- 
08): Evans, Pancoast, Sinclair, Spencer, Gregg, White, Whiteacre, Can- 
by, Dillon, Smith; to other meetings, nearly all in Ohio (1820-54): Tal- 
bott, Buchanan, Rose, Hampton, Hughes, Nichols, Bradfield, Trehern, 
Mead, Wilson, Birds all, Brown, Shoemaker, Taylor; to Salem, Colum- 
biana county (1806-07): Craig, Smith, Canby, Janney, Gilbert. 

Crooked Run Monthly Meeting, Va.— To c'oncbrd (1803-06): Fau- 
cett, Pickering, Wright, Lupton, Piggott, Holloway, Branson, Como, 
Smith, Wright, Sharp. 

Goose Creek (southern) Monthly Meeting, Va. — To Concord (1802- 
06): McPherson, Bond, Coffee, Broomhall, Pidgeon. 

South River Monthly Meeting, Va.— To Concord (1802-05): Pid- 
geon, Gregg, Bloxom, Wildman; to Salem, (1805-07): Stanton, Carle, 
Macy, Gurrell, Fisher; to other meetings, mostly in Ohio: Redder, Mil- 
liner, Holloway, Fisher, Ferrell, Early, Moorman, Stratton, Johnson, 
Preston, Burgess, Ballard, Terrell, Lea, Cox, Cadwalader, Butler, Mor- 
gan, Bailey, I /ynch . 

Cedar Creek Monthly Meeting, Va.— To Salem (1812-23): Stanley, 
Blackburn; to Short Creek (1813-41): Moorman, Terrell, Maddox, Har- 
grave. Creek. 

White Oak Swamp Monthly Meeting, Va. — To Ohio meetings, not 
specified (1811-36): Ratcliff, Crew, Ladd, Harrison, Bates, Hockaday, 
Hargrave, Terrill, Andrews, Binford, Johnson, Ricks. Most of these 
went to Short Creek. 


Western Branch Monthly Meeting, Va.— To Concord (1 805-33) • 
Bond, Morlan, Curl, Johnson, Anthony, Lewis, Larow, Moorland, Perdue, 
Howell, Powell, Butler, Stanton, James, Draper, Eicks, Chapel, Hunni- 
cutt. Trotter, Lawrence. 

Mount Pleasant Monthly Meeting, Va. — To Concord (1805): Vimon. 
Davis, Bundy, Woods; to other Ohio meetings (1801-2^1:): Thomas, 
Lundy, Bond, Ballard, Sumner, Beek, Pierce, Stalker, Scooly, Green, 
Gray, Williams, Kobinson, Pierson, Wildman, Ward, Johnson, Pike, 
Lewis, Cary, Hunt, Anthony, Hiatt, Betts, Bund}', Jones, Chew, Davis. 

Piney Grove Monthly Meeting, S. C— To Ohio meetings (1805-12): 
Stafford, Mendenhall, Beauchamp, Thomas, Marine, Moorman, Harris, 
Morris, Lingagar, Almond. 

Piney Woods Monthly Meeting, ¥. C— To Ohio (1806-28): Good- 
win, Smith, Harrel, Bamb, Elliott, Thornton, Bogue, Moore, Newby. 

Eich Square Monthly Meeting, N. C— To Short Creek (1805-11): 
Patterson, Maremoon (or Moreman), Taylor; to other Ohio meetings 
(1805-12): Patterson, Maremoon, Hicks, Crew, Eeams. 

Contentnea Monthly Meeting, N. C— To Concord (1802-05) : Hall, 
Edgerton, Outland, Doudna, Albertson, Dodd, Bailey, Morris; to other 
meetings in Ohio (1805-34) : Copetand, Bundy, Collier, Cox, Price, Hollo- 
well, Hobson, Spivy, Thomas, Peele, Hall, Jinnett. 

Bush Eiver Monthly Meeting, S. C. — To Ohio meetings, not speci- 
fied (1805- ): Galbreath, Marmaduke, Mendenhall. 

Wrightsborough Monthly ]\Ieeting, Ga. — To Ohio meetings, not 
specified: Butler, Hollingsworth, Moore, Jay, Pearson, Killey, Hender- 
son, Williams, Brooks. 

Gravelly Eun Monthly ileeting, Va. — To meetings chiefly in Ohio 
(1822-30): Butler, Thomas, Peebles, Binford, Wrenn, Johnson, Hunni- 
cutt, Sems, Watkins. 

Core Sound Monthly Meeting, X. C— To Concord (1802-04) : Harris, 
Thomas, Scott, Williams, Mace. 

Cane Creek Monthly Meeting, IST. C. — To Ohio meetings, not specified 
(1805-09): Stanton, Haydock, Cox, Hadly, Baker, Clark, Hussey, Hasket, 
Moffit, Hale, Eatclifi". 

i^ew Garden Monthly Meeting, N". C. — To Ohio meetings, not speci- 
fied (1803-31): Hines, Hodgson, Perkins, Starbuck, Williams, Thorn- 
burgh, Planner, Maoy, Bunker, Low, Brown, McMuir, James, Jenkins, 
Russell, Knight, Swain, Blizzard, Jessop, Coffin, Hunt. 

Springfield Monthly Meeting, IST. C. — To Ohio meetings, not speci- 


fied (1803-32) : Pidgeon, Eeece, Newby, Kersey, Bundy, Tomlinson, Men- 
denliall, Wright, Kellum, Beard, Harlan, Millikau, Spears, Spencer, Hog- 


Deep Eiver ]\Ionthly Meeting, N. C. — To Ohio meetings, not speci- 
fied (LSll-37): Pike, Pegg, Cook, Jones, Stafford, Hubbard. 

Many of the first comers to Concord and Short Creek, Ohio, emigrat- 
ing before those meetings were definitely established, left their certifi- 
cates with the nearest meetings in Pennsylvania, being those of Westland, 
in Washington count}^ and Redstone, in Fayette county. The following 
families came to one or both of these places: Prom Hopewell, Va. 
(1786-1803): Faulkner, Perviance, ToAvnsend, Sidwell, Berry, Mills, 
Blackburn, Branson, Hodge, Lewis, Brock, White, Bailey, Smith, Eoberts, 
/Wells, Morris, Finch, Antrim. From Fairfax, Va. (1785-1833): Smith, 
n/ Stokes, Wharton, Davis, Hough, Ward, Mitchner, Plumber, Shine. From 
Crooked Run, Va. (1787-1803): Cadwalader, Reyley, Hank, Russel, Berry, 
^-.^ -Wright, Hunt, Richards, Mullen, Updegraff, Lupton,Wood, Evans, Cleaver, 
Yarnell, Painter, Dillhorn, Taylor, Holloway, Penrose, Miller. From 
Goose Creek (southern), Va. (1801-03): Olipliant, Erwin, Lewis, Morlan, 
Richards, Whitaker, Pidgeon, Schooley^ Wright, Parsons, Sinclair. From 
South River, Va. (1801-02) : James, Hanna, Baugham, Harris, Holloway, 
Terrell, Stratton, Ferrall, Carle, Via, Tellus. From Core Sound, N". C. 
(1799-1802): Howard, Bundy, Bishop, Dew, Ward, Mace, Stanton, Will- 
iams. From Contentnea, S. C. (1800) : Thomas Arnold. From Mt. Pleas- 
ant, Va. (1802): Bradford. From Bush River, S. C. (1802-03): Pugh, 
Jay, Kelly, O'Neal, Mills, Peaty, Horner, Wright. 

The locations of the various monthly meetiugs named in the fore- 
going list are as follows: 

Bush River. — Xewberry county, S. C, eight miles northwest from 

Cane Creek. — Alamance county, N. C, fourteen miles south from 

Cedar Creek. — Hanover county, Va. 

Contentnea. — Wayne county, N. C, fifteen miles north from Golds- 

Core Sound — Carteret county, N. C, six miles north from Beaufort. 

Crooked Run. — Warren county, Va., nine miles south from Win- 

Deep River, — Guilford county, X. C, twelve miles southwest from 
Greensboro. . , 


Fairfax. — Lc idoun county, Va., seven miles west of north from 

Goose Creek (northern). — Lincoln, Loudoun county, Va. 

Goose Creek (southern). — Bedford county, Va., ten miles southeast 
from Bedford City. 

Gravelly Eun. — Dinwiddie county, Va., about four miles east from 

Hopewell. — Frederick countj^, Va., six miles north from Winchester. 

Mount Pleasant. — Frederick county, Va., nine miles southwest from 

New Garden. — Guilford county, N". C. 

Piney Grove — Marlborough county, S. C, nine miles north from 

Piney Woods. — Davidson county, N. C, twelve miles north of east 
from Lexington. 

Eich Square. — Northampton county, N. C. 

South Eiver. — Campbell county, Va., near Lynchburg (?). 
\ Springfield. Guilford countj^ N. C, near High Point. 

Western Branch. — Isle of Wight county, Va., seven miles, nearly 
southeast from isle of Wight Court House. 

Wliite Oak S\ramp. — Henrico county, Va, 

Wrightsborough.— McDuffie county, Ga., thirty-six miles northwest 
froTn Augusta. 



That industrious, thrifty, patriotic, and generally intelligent por- 
tion of the population of Harrison county, familiarly known as the 


but more properly the Germans, are descendants of those hardy 
pioneer settlers who immigrated to Pennsylvania and Maryland 
from various German states, commencing as early, at least, os the 
year 1683. Perhaps there is no people who were more frequently the 
subject of remark in the early history of Pennsylvania, and during the 
last century, than these Germans, whose numerous descendants are now 
to be found in every State west and south of Pennsylvania. 

Though more than twenty-five thousand names of German immi- 
grants are recorded in the Pennsylvania Archives from 1725 to 1775. 
few of those are recorded who arrived in Pennsylvania prior to 1700. 
In volume seventeen of the Archives, Second Series, may be found the 
names of all who took the oath of allegiance between 1727 and 1775, 
comprising about thirty thousand names, with the names of the 
vessels in which they came to America, ports from which they sailed, and 
elates of departure. Probably four-fifths of the Germans living in Har- 
rison county to-dav can find the names and dates of arrival of their emi- 
grant ancestors in that volume. 

Jn 1683, some Germans arrived in Pennsylvania, and commenced a 
settlement at what is now Germantown. Among these, were Pastorious, 
Hartsfelder, Schietz, Spehagel, A^andewall, ITl)erfeld, Strauss, Lorentz, 
Tellner, and others. About the year 1684 or 1685, a land company was 


formed at Frankfort-on-the-Main, which bought 25,000 acres from Wil- 
liam Penn. Those ^vho left their Fatherland from 1700 to 1720, the Pala- 
tines, so-called, because they came principally from the Palatinate States, 
along the Eliine, whither many had been forced to flee from their homes 
in France, and other parts of Europe, endured many privations before 
they reached the Western Continent. 

In 1708 and 1709, upwards of 10,000, many of them very poor, ar- 
rived in England, and were there for some time, in a starving, miserable 
condition, lodged in warehouses, with no subsistence beyond what they 
got by begging on the streets; until some sort of provision was made for 
them by Queen Anne. In 1709, 3,000 of them were sent to Ireland, but 
of this number many returned to England, on account of insufficient pro- 
vision having been made for them by the Eoyal Commissary. In the 
summer of 1710, several thousand of these Palatinates, who had been 
maintained at the Queen's expense in England (and for sometime after- 
wards in America), were shipped to ISTew York ; and of these, many came 
to Pennsylvania. Among these German emigrants were Mennonites, 
Dunkards, German Reformed, and Lutherans. Their number was so 
great, that James Logan, Secretary of the Province of Pennsylvania, 
wrote in 1717, "We have, of late, a great number of Palatines poured in 
upon us without any recommendation or notice, which gives the country 
some uneasiness, for foreigners do not so well among us as our own 
English people." 

Those who arrived between 1700 and 1720, settled in the lower parts 
of Montgomery, Bucks, Berks, and Lancaster counties. In 1719, Jonathan 
Dickinson wrote, "We are daily expecting ships from London, which 
bring over Palatines, in number about six or seven thousand. We had a 
parcel who came out about five years ago, w^ho purchased land about 
sixty miles west of Philadelphia [the Pequea settlement, in Lancaster 
county], and prove quiet and industrious. Some few came from Ireland 
latel}^, and more are expected thence." 

From 1720 to 1730, several thousand landed at Philadelphia, and 
others came by land, from the province of New York. The latter settled 
in Tulpehocken, having left 'New York because they had been ill-treated 
by the authorities of that province. The influx now became so great as 
to cause some alarm. It was feared by some that the numbers from Ger- 
many, at the rate they were coming in during the last three years of this 
decade, would soon produce a German colony here, and perhaps such a 
one as Britain once received from Saxon-land, in the fifth century. Jona- 


than Dickinson went so far as to state, that it was apprehended Sir 
William Keith, a former governor, with two of his fri-nds, had sinister 
projects of forming an independent province in the West, towards the 
Ohio, to be peopled by his friends among the Palatines. In 1727, six 
vessels arrived at Philadelphia with Germans; three in 1728; three in 
1729 ; and three in 1730. 

From 1730 to 1740, about sixt^^-five vessels, filled with Germans, ar- 
rived at Philadelphia, bringing with them ministers and schoolmasters 
to instruct their children. A large number of these remained in Philadel- 
phia; others removed seventy to eighty miles from that city — some 
settling in Lebanon county, and others west of the Susquehanna, in York 

From 1740 to 1755, upwards of one hundred vessels arrived with Ger- 
mans; in some of them, though small ships, there were from 500 to 600 
passengers. In the summer and fall of 1749, not less than twenty vessels, 
with German passengers to the number of twelve thousand, arrived. 

At first, the immigration of Germans into Pennsylvania was con- 
fined to the Sectaries, the Quietists, and the other religious denomina- 
tions, who, on account of their extremity in doctrines and practice, found 
it difficult to get along with their more conservative Protestant brethren. 
The Labadists, for instance, were followed by the Mennonites, who took 
up much land, and formed many communities in the counties of York, 
Lancaster, and Adams; by the Seventh Day Baptists, the followers of 
Spener, who established their monastery at Ephrata ; by the Voltists, and 
the Cocceians; and by the hundred other sects of the day. But after 
these Sectaries came the Deluge. The Germans had found out that there 
was a land of peace on the other side of the Atlantic; and they knew by 
sad experience that their own country was a land of war. A man was de- 
l)rived, practically, not only of the enjoyment of his own religion; but he 
was also robbed incessantly of the fruits of his labor. This was a state 
of things which he naturally rebelled against, and emigration afi^orded 
him the only relief. 

The religious fanaticism of Louis XIV., which so long def'olated the 
low countries, and which, when he revoked the edict of Nantes, de- 
prived that monarch of his best and most thrifty subjects, broke in upon 
the Palatine in the shape of one of the most desolating wars of which 
there is any record in history. Turrenne, Saxe, Vendome, Villars, Vil- 
leroy, Taillard, Marsin, Berwick, ISToailles, and Luxembourg, each in his 
turn, helped to desolate the Palatine, and to contribute immigrants to 


llie colonies. The homeless and ravished peoples of Germany sought and 
found homes in the new land of peace and plenty. At one time the im- 
migration of German Palatines into Pennsylvania and Maryland was in 
excess of all other immigration. Many hundreds thus came into Mary- 
land, many thousands into Pennsylvania. They came chiefly from the 
luirried Palatinate, hut also from Alsace, Suabia, Saxony, and Switzerland. 
There were Wittenbergers, and people from Darmstadt, Nassau, Hesse, 
Eisenberg, Franconia, Hamburg, Mannheim — all classed as "Palatines." 

In 1700, there were nearly 145,000 Germans in Pennsylvania, the to- 
tal population then not exceeding 435,000. These included the Sectaries 
above referred to, the Dunkards, and the Hessian soldiers, who had been 
taken prisoners by Washington's army, and preferred not to be exchanged 
after the Revolution. A great proportion of this latter class settled in 
Somerset county, Pennsylvania, from whence many have come into Har- 
rison county. These German subsidiary troops were bought in Bruns- 
wick, Hanau, Anspach, Waldeck, Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Darmstadt, Brand- 
enberg, etc., in large numbers. They cost George III. the sum of $8.- 
100,000, and 11,000 of them died, or perished in battle. The other immi- 
grants were German Calvinists, Moravians, Schwenkenfelders, Omishites, 
Dunkards, Mennonites, and Separatists (or Seventh Day Baptists). 

Up to about 1760, the Germans in Maryland were supplied from 
these plentiful sources, by way of Pennsylvania. A good many Palatines 
came in by direct consignment to Chesapeake Bay, but the great majority 
of the Germans drifted down from York and Lancaster counties, Penn- 
sylvania, and occupied the land along Antietam creek, and about Hagers- 
town and Frederick in Maryland, and the lower Shenandoah Valley in 


The first settlers of the Virginia Panhandle were mainly of the Cava- 
lier class, many of them coming from the northern and eastern counties 
east of the mountains, and a few from the Virginia valley, the latter 
usually being of Scotch-Irish descent. In later years, when the Scotch- 
Irish occupied Washington county, many of them crossed the line and 
settled in Ohio (now Brooke) county, Virginia, in the vicinity of Wells- 
l)urg. Some of the early settlers in Harrison county were from that 
section ; and not a few were of the old tide-water, horse-racing, gambling, 
and cock-fighting class, which before the middle of the century, formed 
the aristocracy and much of the middle-class population of Virginia. Dr. 


Joseph Doddridge, although himself born in Bedford county, Penna., be- 
longed to this latter class, his father, originally from Maryland, having 
settled near West Middletown, in Washington county, about 1773, The 
son became first a Methodist, and later, an Episcopalian clergyman, and 
settled at Wellsburg, where he died in 182G. Two years before his death, 
he wrote a book, called "Notes on the Settlement and Indian Wars of the 
Western Parts of Virginia and Pennsylvania, from 1763 to 1783," which 
contains the best written account we have of the early customs, habits 
of life, and occupations of those pioneers, many of whom were the fore- 
fathers of Harrison county citizens of the present day. In reading Dodd- 
ridge's account, it must be borne in mind that he wrote of two very dif- 
ferent classes of settlers, tbat class amongst which he spent his life being 
for the most part of the cavalier type — the jolly, rollicking, careless, law- 
less, and often shiftless character so long associated with the develop- 
ment of the slave-holding South. The other class was the Scotch-Irish 
— sometimes erroneously called the Puritans of the South, sober-minded, 
God-fearing, Psalm-singing Presbyterians, for the most part, whose 
only relaxation after a week of hard toil in the forest or field was to ride 
or walk from one to fifteen miles to meeting of a Sabbath, there to listen 
to a series of dry theological dissertations, lasting from morning until 
night, with but a brief intermission for lunch. Some unfriendly and un- 
truthful writers about the Scotch-Irish, have sought to apply Doddridge's 
description of the least law-abiding of his fellow pioneers as a general 
condemnation of this race; maliciously misrepresenting the facts as to 
the class about whom the description was written. A direct testimonial 
as to the character of the two classes, given by an eye-witness more than 
a century ago, has but recently come to light, being an extract from the 
Diary of Eev. David MeClure, published in 1899. David McClure was the 
first Presbyterian minister to labor in the settlements west of the Alle- 
ghenies, having come out as a missionary in 1772, traveled among the 
Indians of Ohio as far west as Coshocton, and ministered to the scat- 
tered settlers of Western Pennsylvania for a period of six months or 
more. Under date of December 17, 1772, Mr. McClure writes: 

Attended a marriage, where the guests were all Virginians. It was 
a scene of wild and confused merriment. The log-house, which was 
large, was filled. They were dancing to the music of a fiddle. They took 
little or no notice of me, on my entrance. After setting awhile 
at the fire, I arose and desired the music and dancing to cease, and re- 
quested the bride and bridegroom to come forward. They came snicker- 


ing and very merry. I desired the company, who still appeared to be 
mirthful and noisy, to attend with becoming seriousness, the solemnity. 

As soon as the ceremony was over, the music struck up, and the 
dancing was renewed. While I sat wondering at their wild merriment, 
the lady of a Mr. Stevenson sent her husband to me, with her compli- 
ments, requesting me to dance a minuet with her. My declining the 
honor, on the principle that I was unacquainted with it, was scarcely 
accepted. He still politely urged, until I totally refused. After supper, 
I rode about three miles, to the house of a friend. 

The manners of the people of Virginia, who have removed into these 
parts [Fayette county, Penn.], are different from those of the Presby- 
terians and Germans. They are much addicted to drinking parties, gam- 
bling, horse-race, and fighting. They are hospitable and prodigal. Sev- 
eral of them have run through their property in the old settlements, and 
have sought an asylum in this wilderness. 

Doddridge states that the first settlements along the Monongahela 
were commenced in 1772. In 1773, they extended to the Ohio. The 
first settlers came mostly from Maryland and Virginia, and generally 
traveled by way of Braddock's route. Some from Pennsylvania came 
by the military road, passing through Bedford and Ligonier. Their re- 
movals were generally on horses Avith pack-saddles. Settlement entitled 
the settler to 400 acres of land, free. Their claims were usually located 
b\ means of the tomahawk, with which they blazed the trees marking 
their boundary lines. Hence, such claims came to be called "Tomahawk 
Rights." They usually chose ground in a hollow or depression, for their 
houses and barns; so that whatever came to the house might come down 

Generally, the male members of the prospective settler's family came 
over the mountains in the spring, and after clearing a plot of ground, 
planting a small patch of corn, and sometimes erecting a rough log 
cabin, they went back for their families, and brought them out in the 
fall. They depended much upon lean venison, wild turkeys, and the flesh 
of the bear at times, for food. They awaited with much anxiety for the 
first growth of the potatoes, pumpkins, corn, etc., and when the young 
corn came, it was made a time of jubilee, and the green ears were roasted 
for a feast. "When the corn hardened and was gathered in the fall, it 
was customary to provide meal for the family Johnny-cake ("journey- 
cake," it was then called) by grating the ears on a tin-grater. 

The original settlers were usually their own mechanics, and each 
man made everything needed by himself, that could not be conveniently 


brought along from the older settlements. The hominy-block and hand- 
mills were found in most of their houses. The block was hollowed out 
at the top by burning, and the play of the pestle ground the corn. Some- 
times a sixteen-foot sweep was used to lessen the toil, in pounding corn 
into meal for mush or cakes. The hand-mill was another and a better 
contrivance, made of two circular stones, the under being the bed-stone, 
and the upper, the runner. These were enclosed in a wide hoop, or band, 
haAdng a spout to discharge the meal. The "runner" was moved by a 
long staff, or pole, passing through an upright fixed in the stone. Such 
mills are still used in the Holy Land, as they were in the time of Christ. 

Their water-mills were tub-mills, readily made, and at small expense. 
This mill consisted of an upright shaft, at the lower end of which a water- 
■wheel, four or five feet in diameter was attached, the upper end of the 
shaft passing through the bed-stone, and carrying the runner, secured to 
its top. Sifters were used in lieu of bolting cloths, made of deer-skin 
parchment, stretched over a hoop, and pierced with small holes, by means 
of a hot wire. 

The material for their clothing, aside from deer-skins, was spun by 
the women of the household. Almost every pioneer woman could weave 
linsey-woolsey cloth, and make the family clothing. Every family tanned 
its own leather. The tan-vat was a large trough, sunk in the ground; 
bark was shaved and pounded; wood-ashes were used in lieu of lime, for 
removing the hair; bear's grease, hog's lard, and tallow served for dress- 
ing the leather, instead of fish-oil; the currying was done with a drawing- 
knife; the blacking made of hog's lard and soot. Most families contained 
their own tailors and shoemakers. Those who could not make shoes, easily 
learned to make shoe-packs, which were made, like moccasins, of a single 
piece of leather, fitted to and removed from the foot by means of a cord 
gathering. In cold weather, these moccasins were stuffed with dried grass, 
deer's hair, or dried leaves, to keep the feet warm. Plows were made of 
wood; harrows, with wooden teeth; and cooper- ware of staves. 

rights were of frequent occurrence among the younger male mem- 
bers of the community; and the method of fighting was very dangerous to 
the participants. Although no weapons were used, fists, teeth, and feet 
were employed at will; and the favorite mode of disabling an antagonist 
was to gouge ovit one of his eyes. 

The furniture for the tables, for several years after the settlement 
of the country, consisted of a few pewter dishes, plates, and spoons, but of wooden bowls, trenchers, and noggins. If these last were scarce, 


gourds and hard-shelled squashes made up the deficiency. The iron pots, 
knives, and forks, were brought from east of the mountains, with the salt 
and iron, on pack-horses. 

For a long time after the first settlement of the country, the in- 
habitants married young. There was no distinction of rank, and very 
little of fortune; on this account, first love usually resulted in marriage; 
and a family establishment cost but a little labor, and nothing more. 
Marriages were celebrated at the house of the bride, and the announce- 
ment of a prospective wedding created a general sensation; it was looked 
upon by young and old as an occasion for frolic, feasting, and fun; and 
was more efficacious in gathering a crowd of people together than even a 
log-rolling, house-raising, or hunting expedition. The groom usually 
started early from his fathers house so as to reach the home of the bride 
by noon, the hour generally set for the ceremon}^ — as it was always fol- 
lowed by a bountiful dinner. The assembled company were all pioneers, 
and there being no store, tailor, or dress-maker within a hundred miles 
of the trans- Allegheny settlements, they all came dressed in home-made 
garments. The men wore shoe-packs or moccasins, leather breeches, usu- 
ally made of buck-skin, linsey hunting shirts, and leggins. The women 
dressed in linsey petticoats, and linsey or linen bed-gowns, coarse shoes, 
stockings, kerchiefs, and buckskin gloves, if any. The horses were capar- 
isoned with old saddles, old bridles or halters, and pack-saddles, with a 
bag or blanket thrown over them ; a rope or cord formed the usual girth. 
The wedding procession, on such occasions, marched in double file, where 
the horse-paths permitted — for they had no roads. Such paths were 
sometimes barred by fallen trees, and sometimes barred with mischief 
aforethought, by interlocking grapevines and saplings, to intercept the 
progress of the procession. Sometimes a party of neighbors would wait 
in ambush, and when the procession came up, fire a blank charge from 
their rifles, which covered the party with clouds of smoke, created sur- 
prise and shrieks amongst the ladies, and chivalrous bluster on the part 
of their escorts. As the procession neared the house of the bride, it some- 
times occurred that two or more young men would start for the domicile 
on horseback, full tilt, to win the bottle of whiskey, which it was pre- 
viously understood would be hung out from the entrance to the cabin as 
a prize for the first arrival. The start of the race was announced by an 
Indian-like yell; and the more the route was encumbered by fallen logs, 
brush, and muddy hollows, the better opportunity it gave the rival swains 
to show their horsemanship. The bottle gained, the winner returned to 


the party, first handing it to the groom, and thence it went from one 
rider to another, in the manner of a loving cup, each taking a draught, 
the ladies included. 

For the wedding dinner, the table, made of a large slab of timber, 
hewn out with a broad ax and set on four sticks, was spread with beef, 
pork, fowl, and sometimes deer and bear steak. Sometimes, there were 
a few old pewter dishes and plates, but the majority of the guests ate 
from wooden bowls and trenchers. A few pewter spoons were generally 
t"> be seen, but the most of them were made of horn. If knives were 
scarce, the men used their scalping-knives, or hunting knives, which they 
always carried in the belts of their hunting-shirts. 

After dinner was over, dancing commenced, and it usually lasted 
until the following morning. The figures danced were reels, quadrilles, 
and jigs. The dance always commenced with a quadrille, which was fol- 
lowed by a jig: none were allowed to steal away for sleep and if the girls 
became tired, they were expected (as chairs were very scarce) to sit upon 
the knees of the gentlemen. 

About nine or ten o'clock at night, some of the young ladies would 
steal away with the bride, and see her safely tucked in bed. The 
bridal chamber was frequently a loft or attic, above the dancers, to which 
access was gained by climbing a ladder, and such a chamber was floored 
with clap-boards, lying loose, and without nails. Some of the young men, 
in the meantime, would lead away the groom, and send him up the ladder 
to join his bride; followed later in the evening by refreshments, of which 
the chief constituent was a huge flash of whiskey, called by the frolickers, 
"Black Betty." 

These entertainments sometimes lasted for several days, none desist- 
ing until the party was thoroughly fagged out. If any of the bride's 
neighbors felt themselves slighted by not being bidden to the festivities, 
it sometimes occurred that they would show their resentment by cutting 
ofF the manes, foretops, and even tails of the horses belonging to the 



In 1888, there was held in the city of Marietta a Centennial celebra- 
tion, to commemorate what was said to be the first settlement of the terri- 
tory northwest of the Ohio. Properly speaking, it was the first settle- 
ment only in the sense of being the first authorized by the United States 
Government. This settlement was made in 1788 by a colony of New 
England families from Connecticut and Massachusetts, mostly officers or 
participants in the War of the Revolution; and no colony in America was 
ever planted by a more liberal and estimable body of men and women than 
were these Marietta colonists. They included the Meigs', the Putnams, 
the Cutlers, the Danas, the Sproats, the Whipples, and many other 
famous New England families. Their purchase embraced about 1,500,- 
000 acres of land lying along the Ohio River from Marietta, west, and in- 
cluding Meigs, much of Athens, and portions of Washington and 
Gallia counties. 

The first settlements in the territory west of the Ohio river were 
made by families from Pennsylvania and Virginia, nearly ten years be- 
fore 1788; and there were more white settlers living in eastern Ohio as 
early as 1785 than the whole number comprised in the Marietta colony 
of 1788. These pioneer settlers had established two or more towns, and 
set up courts of justice before 1785, and, although some of them were oc- 
casionally driven off their lands by soldiers sent out by Congress for that 
purpose, the majority seem to have continued as permanent settlers, and 
in some instances their descendants are living in the same localities to- 

In 1902-3 it is proposed to hold another Centennial in Ohio, in com- 


memoration of the admission of the State into the Union; and the year 
190-i will witness the hundreth anniversary of the laying out of the 
town of Cadiz. The Centennial of the settlement of Harrison county 
would nominally be about 1900, — 1800 being the year !n which the land 
office was opened at Steubenville for the sale of lands in the territory now 
included in Harrison. The records of that office dur'ng the five years 
followiug that date show, among others, entries of land titles in 
what is now Harrison county by the following named settlers: 
James Arnold, Arthur Barrett, Thomas Barrett, James Black, Itob- 
ert Braden, George Brown, George Carnahan, John Carnahan, 
Samuel Carnahan, Joseph Clark, Eobert Cochran, John Craig, 
Thomas Dickerson, Samuel Dunlap, James Finne}^, Samuel Gilmore, 
Eleazer Huff, John Huff, Joseph Huff, William Huff, James Hannn, 
James Haverfield, Thomas Hitchcock, Joseph Holmes, William Ingles, 
John Jamison, Joel Johnson, Joseph Johnson, William Johnson, 
Absalom Kent, George Layport, John Love, John Lyons, William Mc- 
Clary, John McConnell, Kobert McCullough, William McCullough, John 
McFadden, Joseph McFadden, Samuel McFadden, John Maholm, Samuel 
Maholm, Robert Maxwell, Thomas Maxwell, William Moore, Samuel Os- 
burn, Baldwin Parsons, John Pugh, Eev. John Eea, John Eoss, Jacob 
Shepler, Samuel Smith, Martin Snyder, John Taggart, Thomas Taylor, 
Hugh Teas, Eobert Vincent, Thomas Vincent, John^ Wallace, Michael 
Waxier, Daniel Welch, James Wilkin, Thomas Wilson. 

Of these, it is known that the McFaddens, Craigs, Jamisons, Gil- 
mores, Hannas, Eeas, Welches, Moores, and Lyons' came from Washing- 
ton count}^, Pennsylvania; the Arnolds, Dunlaps, Dickersons, and Ma- 
holms, from Fayette county; and most of the others were without doubt 
from the same districts. The probability is that many of these settlers 
were in Harrison county before 1800; as the date of their recorded title is 
not necessarily the date of their first settlement on the land; and it was 
the custom of that day, as it is in the western states to-day, to make im- 
provements, and to reside on pre-empted land for some months or years 
before acquiring title from the Government. It is reasonably certain that 
Alexander Henderson occupied the land near Cadiz, until recently known 
as the Walter Jamison farm, as early as April, 1799; having removed from 
Washington county, Pennsylvania, with his family, about that time; and 
that Daniel Peterson then resided with his family at the forks of Short 

In an article printed in the Cadiz Eepublican, Oct. 31st, 1895, Eev, 


R. M. Coulter stated that the first white child born within the present 
limits of Harrison county was Jesse DeLong, born in what is now Short 
Creek township, about 177G; he died at the age of 106, leaving descend- 
ants who are still residents of Tuscarawas count3^ 

.The following letter, from one of these descendants, will be found 
interesting in this connection : 

Midvale, Ohio, May 20, 1898. 
Charles A. Hanna, Chicago: 

Dear Sir — I am in receipt of your letter sent to me at Station Fif- 
teen, Ohio. I have moved from Harrison county, April 1st, 1897. 

In regard to the DeLongs as early pioneers of that county, I will give 
you all the information I am in the knowledge of, which is not very 
much; but am willing to state the facts as far as I know. 

Solomon DeLong, the father of Jesse, comes ol French descent, hav- 
ing emigrated from France to Maryland, near Baltimore, from thence to 
Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia; from there they went to West Virginia, 
before Wheeling was built, there being nothing there but a block-house 
where Wheeling now stands. They crossed the Ohio river and built their 
cabin on Short creek, where Bridgeport now stands. At that time, there 
being no other white families on the Ohio side of the Ohio river, they were 
quite frequently driven back to the block-house for refuge from the 
hostile Indians. 

His wife's maiden name was Lamasters. To their union quite a 
family was born, the exact number is not known, but Jesse was the fifth 
child in order of birth. 

The DeLong family have always been noted as warriors. Solomon 
and his brothers, as well as his older sons, took part in the Revolutionary 
War, and also the War of 1813. He settled at Bridgeport, on Short 
creek, about the year 1775. His son, Jesse, was born there the first of 
May, 1776. The length of time they lived there is not exactly known. 
From there they came to Little Stillwater about two miles east of Den- 
nison, and entered a tract of land of 160 acres — that, at the present time, 
is owned by Mr. Kinsey— -that being the place of his death; the date I do 
not know. After his death, the widow went back into Harrison county 
to live, near Franklin, or Tappan. 

Their pioneer life in Harrison county was before the counties were 
divided as they now are. Jesse DeLong was a pioneer of Tuscarawas 
county, being one of its first settlers. He entered the land east of Den- 
nison, now Tliornwood Park. He was accidentally shot in a bear hunt by 
Dan Her, in Harrison county, on the land now owned by William Mc- 
Cauley, near Station Fifteen. By that, he was crippled for life, became 
quite an invalid in his old days, dying May 8, 1882, at the age of 106 years. 
His mother also lived to near the age of 100 years. The DeLong family 
in politics were Whigs, and Republicans of the staunchest kind, and were 
also strong believers in Methodism. He was united in marriage with 


Nancy "Wagner. To them twelve children were horn, and of that num- 
her there are but two now living. One son, Jesse- William, of Oreana, 
Macon county. 111., and Espy, who was a resident of Harrison county for 
twenty-five years. I purchased a farm and moved on it the first of April, 
1872, and left April 1, 1897, and have lived in Midvale since that time. 

I believe that the DeLong family would be termed pioneers of Tus- 
carawas, more than of Harrison county, 

I have given about all I can think of at present. Hope this will be 
Batisfactory, and of some good to you in your work. Yours, 


From this letter, it would appear that Jesse DeLong was not born in 
Harrison county at all. It may also be remarked, that, if he was born on 
Short creek, he could not, as his son states, have been born at the 
site of Bridgeport, in Belmont county; for Short creek runs through 
Warren township, Jefferson county, and enters the Ohio at Warrentown. 
If he was born as early as 1776, it would seem very improbable that he 
could have been born in Ohio at all, unless it was during the temporary 
sojourn of his parents west of the river. Two or three years later than 
1776, however, a number of settlements had been made in Ohio. 

There are traditions in Harrison county of early settlements along 
Stillwater creek; but whether these have ever been verified or not, the 
writer does not know. However, there are good reasons for believ- 
ing that in the territory now composing the counties of Mahoning, Co- 
lumbiana, Jefferson, Stark, Carroll, Harrison, Belmont, Guernsey, and 
Monroe, were scattered cabins of pioneer settlers as early as the Revolu- 
tionary War. What these reasons are may here be presented: 

To the Salt Springs in the present county of Trumbull, white hunters 
had resorted as early as 1754, and salt was made there by Pennsylvanians 
some twenty years later. 

From the old settlement of Wheeling and its vicinity a number of 
adventurers crossed the river from time to time and erected cabins. A 
number who came oiit with General Mcintosh to Fort Laurens in 1778, as 
axemen, scouts, hunters, etc., are supposed to have remained and built 
homes on several of the branches of the Ohio and the Muskingum. 

The first attempt to drive out the squatters northwest of the Ohio 
was made in October, 1779, when Captain Clark, of a Pennsylvania regi- 
ment, with sixty soldiers, was sent to Wheeling by Colonel Brodhead, 
then in command of Fort Pitt, with orders to cross the river and appre- 
hend some of the principal trespassers, and destroy their huts. Captain 
Clark did. not succeed in finding any of the trespassers, but destroyed sev- 


eral huts, and reported that many improvements had been made along 
the Ohio from the mouth of the Muskingum to Fort Mcintosh (Beaver, 
Pa.) and thirty miles up some of its branches. 

General Brodhead's report of this expedition will be found in two 
of his letters printed in volume twelve of the Pennsylvania Archives 
(First Series), pp. 17G-1T7, which read as follows: 

Pittsburgh, Oct. 26th, 1779. 
To His Excellency, John Jay, Esq.: 

Sir — Since I did myself the honor to address you by a former letter, 
some of the inhabitants from Youghagenia and Ohio counties [the west- 
ern portion of Washington county, Pennsylvania, and the Panhandle of 
West Virginia], have been hardy enough to cross the Ohio river, and 
make small improvements on the Indian lands, from the river Muskin- 
gum to Fort Mcintosh, and thirty miles up some of the branches of the 
Ohio river. As soon as I received information of the trespass I detached 
a party of sixty men under command of Captain Clarke, to apprehend the 
trespassers and destroy their huts, which they have in a great measure 
effected, and likewise dispatched a runner to the chiefs of the Delawares, 
at Cooshocking, to prevent their attacking the innocent inhabitants, but 
as yet have received no answer from them. Capt. Clarke informs me 
that the trespassers had returned, and that the trespass appeared to have 
been committed upAvards of a month ago. 

It is hard to determine what effect this imprudent conduct may have 
on the minds of the Delaware chiefs and warriors, but I hope a favorable 
answer to the speech I sent them. I presume a line from your Excellency 
to the Governor and Council of Virginia, will tend to prevent a further 
trespass and the murder of many innocent families on this frontier. 

I have the honor to be, with perfect respect, your Excellency's most 
obed't and most humble servant, 

D. BRODIIEAD, Col. Commanding. 

Pittsburgh, Oct. 26th, 1779. 

To His Excellency, General Washington: 

Dear Gen'l — Immediately after I had closed my last (of the 9th of 
this instant), I received a letter from Colonel Shepherd, Lieutenant of 
Ohio county, informing me that a certain Decker, Cox, and Company, 
with Indians, had crossed the Ohio river, and committed trespasses on the 
Indians' lands; wherefore, I ordered sixty rank and file to be equipped, 
and Capt. Clark, of the 8th Pennsylvania Regiment, proceeded witli this 
party to Wheeling, with orders to cross the river at that part, and to ap- 
prehend some of the principal trespassers and destroy the huts. He re- 


turned without finding any of the trespassers, but destroyed some huts. 
He informs me some of the inhabitants have made small improvements, 
all the way from the Muskingum river to Fort Mcintosh, and thirty miles 
y^p some of the branches. I sent a runner to the Delaware Council at 
V^ Coochoching, to inform them of the trespass, and assure them it was com- 
mitted by some foolish people, and requested them to rely on my doing 
them justice, and punishing the offenders, but as yet have not received 
an answer. 

I have the honor to be, with perfect regard and esteem, your Ex- 
cellency's most Obed't Humble Servant, D. BRODHEAD. 

After the treaty of Fort Mcintosh, it was feared that there would be 
such a rush of squatters into that portion of the territory bordering on 
Pennsylvania and Virginia, that evil results would ensue, and, accord- 
ingly, means were taken both to drive out the intruders already there and 
» prevent the entrance of others. June 15, 1785, Congress ordered the fol- 
lowing proclamation published and circulated in the territory: 

Whereas, it has been represented to the United States, in Congress 
assembled, that several disorderly persons have crossed the Ohio, and set- 
tled upon the unappropriated lands; and, whereas, it is their intention, 
as soon as it shall be surveyed, to open offices for the sale of a considera- 
ble part thereof, in such proportions and under such regulations as may 
suit the convenience of all the citizens of the United States, and others 
who may wish to become purchasers of the same; and, as such conduct 
tends to defeat the object they have in view, is in direct opposition to the 
ordinances and resolutions of Congress, and is highly disrespectful to the 
federal authority, they have heretofore thought lit, and do hereby issue 
this proclamation, forbidding all such iinwarrantable intrusions, and 
enjoining all those who have settled thereon to depart with their families 
and effects, without loss of time, as they shall answer the same at their 

The intrusion was confined principally to the territory now forming 
the counties of Columbiana, Jefferson, Stark, Carroll, Harrison, Belmont, 
Guernsey, and Monroe, and the names of the intruders in 1785, were as 
follows: George Atchison, Jonas Amspoker, Albertus Bailey, William 
Bailey, John Buchanan, Henry Cassil, Walter Cain, Jacob Clark, 
James Clark, John Castleman, Charles Chambers, William Carpenter, 
ilenry Conrad, John Custer, Thomas__Dawson, i?icholas Decker, 
/Solomon DeLong, Daniel Duff, Zepaniah Dunn, Hanamet Davis, 
Jesse Edgerton, John Fitzpatrick, Henry Froggs, John Goddard, 
Joseph Goddard, Archibald Harbson, Robert Hill, Adam House, 
Wiland Hoagland, Thomas Johnson, William Kerr, Frederick Lamb, 


Jacob Light, John McDonald, Thomas McDonald, William McjSTees, 
WiJliam Mann, Jonathan Mapins, Daniel Menser, Daniel Matthews, John 
Xixon, John Xowles, John Noyes, James Paul, Haines Pilcy, Jesse Parre- 
more, Nathaniel Parremore, John Piatt, Michael Rawlins, Joseph Re- 
burn, Benjamin Reed, George Reno, John Rigdon, Joseph Ross, William 
Shiff, John Tilton, Thomas Tilton, William Wallace, Charles Ward, 
James Watson, James Williams. 

In March, 1785, Colonel Harmar, commandant at Fort Mcintosh, 
had sent out troops to dispossess the squatter settlers whose names are 
given above. The squatters actually banded together to resist the 
United States troops; but a compromise was effected, whereby they were 
allowed to prepare temporary houses on the Virginia side before leaving 
their homes in the Xorthwest Territory. Some of them retired from the 
Ohio country, temporarily, but subsequently most of them returned, and 
their descendants are now numerous in Eastern Ohio and in the valleys of 
the Tuscarawas and the Muskingum. 

The extent and location of these settlements at that early period 
within the limits of what was then Jefferson county (including Belmont) 
are shown by the report of Ensign Armstrong, who was sent by Colonel 
Harmar down the Ohio river from Fort Mcintosh, with a detachment of 
soldiers, for the purpose of enforcing the Government's orders ; and, also, 
by the Journal of General Richard Butler, one of the Commissioners ap- 
pointed by Congress to treat with the western Indians. Ensign Arm- 
strong's report is as follows : 

Fort Mcintosh, 12th April, 1785. 

Sir: — Agreeable to your orders, I proceeded with my party, on the 
31st of March, down the river. On the first instant we crossed Little 
Beaver, and dispossessed a family. Four miles from there, we found 
three families living in sheds, but, they having no rafts to transport their 
effects, I thought it proper to give them until the 31st inst., at which 
time they promised to demolish their sheds and remove to the east side 
of the river. 

At Yellow creek [south of the site of Wells ville], I dispossessed two 
families and destroyed their building. The 2d inst., being stormy, 
nothing was done. The 3d, we dis])0ssessed eight families. The 4th we 
arrived at Mingo Bottom, or Old Town [Mingo, Jefferson county]. I 
read my instructions to the prisoner, [Joseph] Ross, who declared they 
never came from Congress, for he had late accounts from that honorable 
body, who, he was convinced, gave no such instructions to the Commis- 
sioners. Neither did he care from whom they came, for he was de- 


termined to hold possession, and if I destroyed his house he would build 
six more within a week. He also cast many reflections on the honorable 
the Congress, the Commissioners, and the commanding oihcer. I con- 
ceived him to be a dangerous man, and sent him under guard to Wheel- 
ing. Finding that most of the settlers at this place were tenants under 
the prisoner, I gave them a few days, at which time they promised to 
move to the east side of the Ohio river, and to demolish their buildings. 
On the evening of the 4th, Charles Norris, with a party of armed men, 
came to my quarters in a hostile manner, and demanded my instructions. 
After conversing with them some time, and showing my instruc- 
tions, the warmth with which they first expressed themselves began to 
abate, and for some motive lodged their arms with me till morning. I 
learned from the conversation of the party that at Norris' Town (by 
them so called), eleven miles farther down the river, [probably the site 
of the present village of Warrentown, at the mouth of Short creek], a 
party of seventy or eighty men were assembled with a determination to 
oppose me. Finding Xorris to be a man of influence in that country, I 
conceived it to my interest to make use of him as an instrument, which 
I effected by informing him it was my intention to treat any armed 
parties I met as enemies of my country, and would fire on them if they 
did not disperse. 

On the 5tli, when I arrived within two miles of the town, or place 
where I expected to meet with opposition, I ordered my men to load their 
arms in the presence of JSTorris, and then desired him to go to the party 
and inform them of my intentions. I then proceeded on with caution, 
but had not gone far when paper No. 1 was handed me by one of the 
party, to which I replied, that I would treat with no party, but intended 
to execute my orders. When I arrived at the town there were about forty 
men assembled, who had deposited their arms. After I had read to them 
my instructions, they agreed to move off by the 19th inst. This in- 
dulgence I thought proper to grant, the weather being too severe to turn 
them out of doors. The 6th I proceeded to Hoglin's, or Mercer's Town 
[Martin's Ferry], where I was presented with paper jSTo. 2, and, from the 
humble disposition of the people, and the impossibility of their moving, 
I gave them to the 19th, and I believe they generally left the settlement 
at that time. At that place I was informed that Charles Norris and 
John Carpenter had been elected Justices of the Peace ; that they had, I 
found, precepts, and had decided thereon. I then proceeded on till op- 
posite Wheeling, where I dispossessed one family and destroyed their 
buildings. I hope, sir, that the indulgences granted some of the in- 
habitants will meet your approbation. The paper No. 3 is a copy of an 
advertisement, which is posted up in almost every settlement on the west- 
ern side of the Ohio. Three of my party being landed, 1 left them about 
forty miles from this place under care of a corporal. The remainder I 
have ordered to their respective companies, and the prisoner I have de- 
livered to the prison guard. I am, sir, with great respect, your obedient 
servant, JOHN ARMSTRONG, Ensign. 


This record shows that a nnmher of white settlements existed on the 
west side of the Ohio river in 1785; that some of them were quite popu- 
lous, over sixty names of the principal settlers of Mercertown alone beino- 
given; and that they had so far advanced in setting up a civil government 
as to have elected two Justices of the Peace, who had already decided 
cases tried before them. Armstrong failed to break up the settlement, 
and met wi'th such bitter opposition that he compromised with them 
giving them a certain length of time, at the end of which they agreed to 
leave, if the Government did not rescind the order. Few of them left, 
however. The Journal of General Richard Butler, who was appointed bv 
Congress, in 1785, as one of the Commissioners to treat with the Indians, 
shows the subsequent action of the Government and the settlers in the 

General Butler started on his mission in the fall of 1785. He left 
Fort Pitt September 26, 1785, accompanied by General Samuel H. Par- 
sons, Colonel James j\Ionroe (afterwards President of the United States), 
and others. He arrived at Fort Mcintosh, at the mouth of Beaver creek, 
where Colonel Harmar still commanded, and where a detachment of 
troops was furnished to accompany the Commissioners. The party set 
off in boats from Fort Mcintosh on September 30th, and General Butler 
kept a diary of the events of the expedition, from which it will be seen 
that a portion of his diities was to warn off the settlers that were located 
on the west bank of the Ohio river. In his Journal, under date of Sep- 
tember 30th, he speaks of meeting the United States surveyors at the 
Pennsylvania state line, who were then just making a beginnino- for the 
survey of the first seven ranges of land within the Northwest Territorv. 
The following extracts are from his entires for the succeeding days: 

October 1st. — Passed Yellow creek and found several improvements 
on both sides of the river. Put in at one Jesse Penniman's, on the north 
side, five miles below Yellow creek; warned him off. Called on one, Pry 
who I warned off, also; this appears to be a shrewd, sensible man.' He' 
assured me that he would go off; that he would go to Kentucky. . . . He 
seemed not well pleased, though he promised submission. 

At this Pry's house, we met one William IMcCullum, from the Illi- 
nois; he says he passed General Clark at the Falls. . . . Passed on to the 
Mingo towns, where we found a number of people, among whom one Ross 
[the ram.e who had been made a prisoner, and carried to Fort Mcintosh 
by Ensign Armstrong six months before] ; seems to be the principal man 
on the north [west] side of that place. I conversed with him and warned 
him and the others away. He said he and his neighbors were misrepre- 


sented to Congress; that lie was going to Congress to inform tlieni that 
himself and neighbors were determined to be obedient tc their ordinances. 

Passed on to near Cross Creek, eight miles below .he Mingo towns. 

Cross Creek, Sunday, October 3d. — Capt. O'Hara had a fine cow 
killed for the troops, who arrived at nine o'clock; had the men served 
with provisions, who were set to cooking, while some loaded flour and 
corn for the use of the troops and cattle, and all was got ready and started 
at one o'clock. The people of this country appear to be much imposed 
upon by a religious sect called Methodists, and are become great fanatics. 
They say they have paid taxes which were too heavy. 

Called at the settlement of Charles iSTorris, whose house has been 
pulled down, and he has rebuilt it. At this place found one Walter Kean, 
who seems but a middling character, and rather of the dissentious cast. 
Warned all these off, and requested they would inform their neighbors, 
which they promised to do. . . . 

Called at the settlement of one Capt. Hoglan, whom we also warned 
off. His house had also been torn down and rebuilt. We informed him 
of the impropriety of his conduct, which he acknowledged, and seemed 
very submissive, and promised to remove, and to warn his neighbors off, 
also. Come on very well to Wheeling, where we stayed all night. This 
is a fine settlement, and belongs to one Zane. 

These records are sufficient to show, therefore, that the first white 
settlements in Ohio were not made at Marietta, in Washington county, 
but were made in the present townships of Steubenville, Wells, and War- 
ren, in Jefferson county, and Pease, in Belmont county; and, as Mr. 
William H. Hunter, in his admirable history of the Pathfinders of Jeffer- 
son County, points out, "These people were real settlers, in the sense that 
they had built cabins and block-houses, and cultivated crops for sub- 
sistence. They possessed horses; for we know that John Carpenter, 
after making a clearing in 1781, on the site of Portland [in Jefferson 
county], took two horses to Fort Pitt, with which to convey salt; we 
know that a son of John Tilton's was killed by Indians while up Short 
creek after his father's cows. We know they had houses. . . . They 
were a religious people, ... so religious, in fact, were these set- 
tlers on the bottom lands of Jefferson county — Mingo Bottoms, extend- 
ing from what is now Mingo Junction, to the present southern line of the 
county — that Colonel Butler reported that they were great fanatics. We 
know, also, that Eev. George Callahan held the first Methodist Episcopal 
services in the Northwest Territory, in 1787, at Carpenter's Fort." 
Carpenter's Fort was located on Short creek, not far above its mouth, and 
near the present Portland station, on the Cleveland and Pittsburgh rail- 


-way. See an article on "The Holmes Family," in the Lancaster (Ohio) 
Gazette, July 15, 1899. 

We get another glimpse of the N'orristown (now Warrentown) set- 
tlement as it was in the summer of 1787, during the progress of the sur- 
vey of the Seven Eanges, by referring to the diary of John Mathews, a 
nephew of General Putnam, who came out from Massachusetts to assist 
in the survey. On August 5th, 1787, he was at Esquire McMahan's 
house, a few jniles south of Mingo Island, on the Virginia side of the 
Ohio river, whence his Journal proceeds as follows: 

6th. At 9 o'clock A. M. embarked on board of a boat for Muskin- 
gum, in company of Captain Mills, Lieutenant Spear, and Doctor Scott. 
Twelve o'clock, stopped one mile above Short creek, on the northwest side 
of the river [Warrenton]. At this place are about ten families collected, 
and are determined to stand it out against all opposition, either from 
the Indians or the troops. After a drink of good punch, proceeded on 
our way. At six, arrived at Wheeling, and tarried all night. 

Interesting as it is to trace the footsteps of these early pioneers, 
however, we can find but little information of them on the records during 
the next ten years; and it was not until after the year 1800 that exten- 
sive settlements began to be made in Harrison county. Settlers had come 
into the county in considerable numbers before 1805, and taken up much 
of the choicest lands along the streams. The best means we have of de- 
termining their centres of settlement is to examine the history of the 
early churches of the county. It was characteristic of that race of peo- 
]7le which chiefly settled Harrison county that its pioneers usually estab- 
lished a church or preaching station, even if it were no more than a 
" tent," as soon as they became seated with their families in a new coun- 
try. We find, accordingly, that two of these stations were erected to ac- 
commodate the worshippers who lived in what is now Harrison county, as 
early as 1803, one at Daniel Welch's (Beech Spring, or Unionvale), and 
the other a short distance south of the present village of New Athens, 
(Crabapple). The next year, occasional preaching services began to be 
held on the site of the present town of Cadiz. 


Harrison county pioneers. 

The first white settlers in Harrison county came here before any 
roads were built, and it is reasonable to suppose, before it was possible 
to bring with them any wheeled vehicles. Their household furnishings,, 
salt, md flour or meal, were broaght by pack-horses; and the first ave- 
nues of travel in the county were probably old Indian trails or paths, 
following the courses of the streams,. or piercing the seemingly endless 
forest along the tops of the high ridges, or "divides." The first to come 
were the Indian fighters, scouts, and hunters, of whom a number lived 
alojig the Ohio river frontier, contemporaries and neighbors of the Wet- 
zel brothers, of Adam and Andrew Poe, of Captain Samuel Brady, and 
of Major McCulloch. Among these, Jacob Holmes, Eobert Maxwell, and 
Joseph and William Hufi: settled along Indian Short creek, as it was then 
called, the HufEs locating near the site of Georgetown. In a letter from 
Curtis Wilkin, a relative of Joseph Huff, published by Mr. Hunter in 
his history of the Pathfinders of Jefi'erson County, the writer states that 
Joseph Huff did not settle on Short creek before 1796; and that his 
house was the frontier house in that vicinity for upwards of three years. 
William Hiiif shot an Indian near where Georgetown now stands, about 
the year 1800, because he had boasted in Hufi's presence of the num- 
ber of white men's scalps he had taken. Of Jacob Holmes, Mr. Curtis 
Wilkin, of Kencon, Ohio, in a letter to the Steubenville Gazette, written 
Unrr'h G, 1899, says: 

Jacob Holmes M'as my grandfather, and my information is derived 
from Jacob Holmes himself, from his wife, and from my mother.^ John 
HufE, my grandmother's brother, married Sallie Johnson, a sister of 


John and Henry Johnson, who were captured by the Indians [in Warren 
township, Jefferson county, in 1793], killed their captors, and returned 
home. John Huff settled at Columbia, on the Ohio river, a few miles 
above Cincinnati, at about the close of the last century, and lived to be 
an aged man, dying there something over fifty years ago. Besides his 
sister (my grandmotlier), he had a brother, Eleazer Huff, and a son in the 
vicinity of my father's farm in Highland county. 

Jacob Holmes was born December 8, 1768, in Kockingham county, 
Va. While Jacob was a small boy, his father moved to Bedford county, 
Pa., and a few years later to Washington county. Pa., near Catfish, now 
Washington ; then a few years later to what is now Brooke county, W. 
Va., and settled on Buffalo creek, not far from the Ohio river. Here our 
subject grew to manhood, and in 1791 was married to Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Michael and Hannah Doddridge Huff. Shortly after his marriage 
he was employed by the United States Government as an Indian scout, 
and, in company with his brother-in-law, Kinsey Dickerson, and a man 
named Washburn, was thus employed for three years. For his services 
he received a tract of land on Short creek, a few miles north of where 
Mt. Pleasant now stands. To this place he moved his family in the 
spring of 1796, my mother being but six months old. He resided on this 
farm some twenty-five years, when he sold to a man named Comley, and 
rernoved to the northern part of Harrison county. The farm on which 
he then located is now in Carroll county. He resided here until 1832, 
Avhen he again sold out and removed to Fairfield township. Highland 
county. In the summer of 1838, he again sold out, and bought a farm 
one mile north of Kenton, Hardin county, to which he moved in the 
spring of 1839, and there he died October 14, 18-11. 

In another letter Mr. Wilkin writes: ' • 

Joseph Ilufl' was the brother of ray grandmother, the wife of Jacob 
Holmes. My graiidfather, Michael Huff, had the following sons: 
Michael, who was killed by the Indians on the Mississippi river, in the 
early settlement of Illinois; Joseph, Avho I tliink died in Harrison county 
many years ago, not far from whore his father settled in Jefferson (now 
Harrison) county, and near Georgetown; William, who died near the 
same place; John, who died at CoUiml)ia, a short distance above Cincin- 
nati, about 1843; Samuel, who died in Highland county al:)0ut 1846; 
Eleazer, who died in Highland county about 1833. The old Huff Bible, 
that contains the record of all the Huff family, is now in possession of 
David C. Holmes, of Kenton, a grandson of Jacob Holmes. 

Henry Howe, in his history of Ohio, written in 1847, states that 
in April, 1799, Alexander Henderson and family, from Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, "squatted" on the southwest corner of the section 
of land on which Cadiz stands ; and at this time Daniel Peterson resided 


at the forks of Sliort creek, with his family, the only one within the 
present limits of Harrison comity. If this statement be true, then 
Joseph Huff could not have settled in Harrison county much before 1800. 
Major Erkuries Beatty, father of the late Dr. Charles C. Beatty of 
Stci-'aenville, who was paymaster of the western arm}^, came to the Ohio 
country in 1786 and 1787, in the discharge of his official duties, and kept 
a diary of his tours and transactions. On the 31st of July, 1786, Major 
Efal^y set out from Pittsburgh to descend the Ohio river. On the second 
day afterwards, he made the following entry in his diary: 

August. 3. Started early, stopped opposite the mouth of Little 
Beaver and breakfasted with the surveyor, who is waiting for troops. 
Arrived at Mingo Bottom 3 o'clock, where Capt. Hamtramck's, Mc- 
Curdy's, and Mercer's companies encamped, and had just been mustered 
and inspected by Major North. Showers of rain to-day. The troops en- 
camped on the bank of the river opposite the lower end of a small island. 

August 3. Waiting for Major North, Avho is going with me to ]\Ius- 
kingum. About 8 o'clock two detachments from Capt. Mercer's company, 
one commanded by Lt. Kersy, the other by Ensign Rigart, marched to 
destroy some improvements on the river ten or fifteen miles up Short 

'•'Ten or iifteen miles \\-p Short creek" would locate this settlement 
which the soldiers were about to destroy, at somewhere between Adena 
and Georgetown, and if Major Beatty's information was exact, it would 
indicate that some of the hardy pioneers of that day had penetrated the 
wilderness and made improvements in Short Creek township as early as 

The first survey of the public lands northwest of the Ohio river 
was that of the Seven Ranges, made in pursuance of an act of Congress 
of ]\ray 20, 1785. In July, 1786, the surveyors, under the direction of 
Thomas Hatehins, Avho had been appointed geographer of the United 
States, assembled at Pittsburgh. John Mathews, a nephew of General 
Rufus Putnam, one of the surveyors, came on from Massachusetts to as- 
sist in the surve}', arriving at Pittsburgh July 26, 1786. His diary, kept 
during the progress of tlie survey, has been published. He spent the 
early part of September, 1787, at the house of Esquire McMahan, in Ohio 
(now Brooke) county, West Virginia. On the 20t]i, a small party pro- 
posed to cross the Ohio and go out into the woods for a few days to dig 
ginseng. In those early times, when the plant was plentiful, it was a 
source of profit to the frontier inhabitants, who had few articles to give 


in exchange for money, or the more valuable articles of merchandice 
brought out by the traders. This proved to be rather a hazardous trip, a3 
the Indians were hostile, and killed all the white men they found cn- 
croaching on their hunting grounds. Mathews' journal proceeds: 

September 20th, 1787. A little before sunset the Squire and myself 
crossed the Ohio, and went about two miles, and tarried all night at ^ 
house which was left by the inhal)itunts [who had probably lied, from 
fear of the hostile Indians then in the vicinity] . 

September 21st. — Four men Joined us, and we set off by Williamson's 
Trail a little before sunset. We encamped half a mile beyond the B»g 
Lick, on the head waters of Short creek, in the ninth township of the 
fourth range. 

The ninth township of the fourth range comprises the north half of 
the present township of Short Creek and the south half of Green, in Har- 
ison county; and the '' Big Lick " may have been the spring near whicli 
some twelve or thirteen years later Daniel Welch established his horse- 
mill — in his day known as Beech Spring, from which the first church 
erected in Ilai'rison county took its name. 

The ginseng diggers proceeded westAvard along the ridge dividing 
the waters of Short creek and the Stillwater, and dug ginseng four days. 
Mathews says: "It grew here in great abundance. Men accustomed to 
the work could dig from forty to sixty pounds a day." 

September 28. Collected our horses and prepared to start for the 
river. At 1 o'clock completed their loading. At sunset, encamped within 
about sixteen miles of the Ohio. 

29th. Arrived at the river about three o'clock P. M. We were 
much surprised to hear that three men had been killed and one taken 
prisoner by the Indians, about ten miles up Cross creek, who were out 
after ginseng on Sunday last. Two of the party made their escape. 
They had also killed a family the week following, up Wheeling creek, and 
done considerable other damage. While we were out we were very 
careless and came on their trail, but very fortunate they did not fall in 
with us. I feel very ha])py tbat I have reached my old quarters, and 
will give them liberty to take my scalp if they find me out after ginseng 
again this year. 

Octo])er 12th. This evening McMahan returned from over the river, 
where he had been with a party of men in pursuit of some Indians, who 
yesterday morning killed an old man near Fort Steuben. He did not 
discover them, but by the signs thought them to be seven or eight in 


Nov. 30th. A part of this month I have been on the west side of 
the Ohio, with Mr. Simpson and Colonel Martin, assisting them iu the 
survey of the lands they bought at public sales in New York. 

Dr. Thomas E. Crawford, for forty years pastor of Nottingham 
Church, in his book of " Keminiscences," published at Wheeling in 1887. 
gives the following account of an Indian light which took place within the 
present boundaries of Harrison county more than a hundred years ago: 

The earliest visit of white men of which we have any account, into 
the territory of which this county was ultimately formed, was in the fall 
of 1793, when Capt. William Boggs, Kobert JMaxwell, Joseph Daniels, 

Johnson, and Miller were sent out from the old blockhouse 

[Fort Henry], located on the ground afterwards occupied by the city of 
Wheeling, West Va. These men were Indian scouts and spies. They 
made their excursion from the mouth of Wheeling creek up to the divid- 
ing ridge, and crossed over on the evening of the second day after they 
left the river, to the headwaters of Stillwater, venturing rather far into 
the interior with so small a force. This little band of daring men struck 
up a fire and camped at a spring on the banks of a stream, near to the 
place where the old Crawford brick house now stands. The party pre- 
pared and ate their supper, and being much fatigued with the journey 
of two days through an unbroken wilderness, they lay down to rest 
around the burning embers of a camp fire, not expecting an enemy near, 
for they had seen no recent traces of the red man from the time they left 
the Fort. Soon they were wrapped in sleep, only to be awakened and 
startled by the hideous yell of Indians, followed by the report of fire- 
arms. A ball took effect in the knee of Captain Boggs, which so crippled 
him that he was unable to flee. He called to his companions, " ]\Iake 
your escape, if possible, and leave me to my fate," which they did, leav- 
ing their brave leader to perish at the hands of a terrif)le and cruel foe. 
Three out of the four that fled arrived safely at the block-house, and re- 
ported the disaster that befell their expedition. Measures were immedi- 
ately taken, and a company of men was sent out in a short time to seek 
for the remains of Mr. Boggs. After much precaution in travel, the 
party found the place where the spies had encamped on that fatal night, 
and soon discovered the mutilated body of their captain ; took up the re- 
mains and buried them a few rods northeast from the above-named 
spring, on one of the tributary streams of Big Stillwater, which ever after 
has been called "Boggs' Fork," from the name of this adventuring but 
imf ortunate man. It is to be regretted that all traces of the grave of this 
brave and trustworthy soldier have disappeared. 

Some knowledge of the hardships and privations of the early settlers 
of Harrison county may be gathered from a biographical account, pub- 


lished in 1891, of Eobert Cochran, M^ho was born in what is now Dauphin 
county, Pennsylvania, in 17T1. He came to Allegheny county with his 
father's family, when eighteen years of age. Shortly after the year 1803, 
he emigrated to Ohio, and bought eighty acres of land in what is now 
Harrison county, paying $200 for the same. Here he built himself a 
cabin of poles, daubed inside and out with mad, having a stick chimne}', 
puncheon floor, clap-board roof, and clap-board door. Here, in winter 
seasons, he was joined by John Maholni, an old friend from Pennsylvania, 
and together they lived in ]\Ir. Maholm's cabin, eating supper and break- 
fast in company, and each working on his own " clearing " during the day. 

During the fall and winter of 180-1-5, Mr. Cochran secured the ser- 
vices of a man to do his cooking, hired a mill-wright and several axemen, 
and erected a two-story grist-mill, worked by horse-power. No iron was 
used in its construction, except some strengthening bands around the 
trundle head and spindle; wheels and parts were all made of wood, and all 
hand-made, as saw-mills were unknown in the county at that day. The 
mill-stones were brought down the Ohio to Steubenville and hauled 
across the country, the trip occupying four days. Unwieldy as it was, the 
mill was kept constantly going, day and night, Sundays excepted, the 
farmers coming for miles around to have their grinding done. It was a 
common sight to see men occupyii^g the time, while waiting their turn 
for grinding, in throwing the tomahawk at marks attached to trees. As 
time passed on, this mill was superseded by water-mills, but in dry sea- 
sons, when water failed, the neighbors were obliged to return again to 
Cochran's horse-mill. It was the first mill erected west of that of Daniel 
Welch, at Beech Spring, and in early days was of great benefit to the 
pioneers. The land on which Mr. Cochran settled lies about half a mile 
north of Cadiz, and is now occupied by his descendants. 

The early pioneers came to Harrison county from Pennsylvania, 
Virginia, and Maryland, but chiefly from Washington county, Pennsyl- 
vania. Tbe journeys from localities east of the mountains were some- 
times long and full of danger. The paths across the mountains were 
rough and difficult. Pack-horses were at first the only means of 
transportation; on some, the pioneers packed the stores and rude agri- 
cultural implements, and on others, the furniture, bedding, and cooking 
utensils, and again, on others, their wives and children. Horses which 
carried small children were each provided with a pack-saddle and two 
large creels made of hickory withes, in the fashion of a crate, one over 
each side, in which were stowed clothes and bedding. In the center of 


each wovvld sometimes be tucked a child or two, the top heing well secured 
by laciug, so as to keep the youngsters in their places. The roads, fre- 
quently, were barely passable; sometimes lying along the brink of 
precipices; frequently overflown in places by sv.ollen streams, all of 
which had to be forded; horses slipping, falling, and carried away, both 
women and children were often in great danger. 

The creels would sometimes break and send the children rolling over 
the ground in great confusion. It was no uncommon thing for mother 
and child to be separated from each other for hours whilst on the journey 
to their new homes, in a wild forest, amidst beasts, and exposed to at- 
tacks by the Indians. When the pioneer reached his destination, he 
usually pat up a brush shelter, until he could build his cabin. The lat- 
ter was made of rough logs, without nail, board, or window-pane. He 
then turned his attention to clearing a small plot of ground on which to 
raise such food as was needed for the su|)port of his family. 

The food question was the all-important one with the settlers. Their 
hard labor resulted in giving them keen appetites, and much account was 
taken of the feasts, merry-making parties, and public gatherings. The 
quality of the food was not so much regarded as the quantity. Times 
were when the providential appearance of a deer averted starvation, and 
the fortunate catching of a fish, or .the trapping of game, eked out a 
scanty subsistence. Journeys of many miles were made for a few pounds 
of flour or meal. 

Their cabins contained little or no furniture; beds with no mat- 
tresses, springs, or even bed-cords — the couches being spread upon the 
floor, and sleeping apartments separated by hanging blankets. About the 
fireplace were found hooks and trammel, the bake-pan and the kettle. 
Sometimes chairs were represented by sections of a tree of the recjuircd 
height. Upon the shelves were spoons of pewter, blue-edged plates, cups 
and saucers, and the black earthen tea-pot; and later, perhaps, one corner 
of the room was occupied by a tall clock, while in another corner stood an 
old-fashioned, high-post, corded bedstead, covered with an " Irish chain " 
quilt — a marvel of patchwork ingenuity and laborious sewing. 

The following extracts from a letter written by Eobert Van Horn 
in 1895, furnish an interesting account of the incidents of an early trip 
over the Allegheny mountains, made by one of the pioneer families in 
Harrison county. Mr. Van Horn was born at New Athens in 1813, the 
son of Edward and Margaret Hamilton Van Horn. He writes: 



My grandmother's maiden name was Martha McMillan, and she 
had a sister, Jane, married to John Perry. My first certain knowledge 
of them finds Grandmother living in N"ottingham township, Chester 
connty, Pennsyvania, and Uncle John Perry near by, on the Susqnehanna 
river, running a herring fishery. 

The country, though near Philadelphia, was new, and covered largely 
with pine forests, and the ground was strewed with the resinous knots 
of decayed trees, like the hones of dead animals. These knots were 
gathered by the poor, and laid by, to burn in the winter, instead of 
candles, and many an armful my mother carried home to her humble 

Part of my mother's time, Avhen a girl, was spent in the family of her 
uncle, John Perry, and part of her occupation was to hunt the cows in the 
woods, morning and evening. Eising early, she would stick a herring in 
the hot ashes to roast, and when done she would take it for a morning 
lunch, and hie away to the woods, as blithe and merry as a lark, her ears 
alert for the tinkling of the cow-bell. 

How long the families remained there, I do not know; but Uncle 
Perry resolved to seek a better country, if not a heavenly one; and, like 
Abraham of old, he gathered up his substance, and, with his family, 
which was quite numerous, and my grandmother and her family, making 
togetlier quite a respectable caravan, he started for the far West, a dis- 
tance of some three hundred miles. Their goods seem to have been 
drawn by a single train, of four or six horses. There may have been 
more, biit tradition does not say so. Perhaps the children, if not the 
mothers, " walked afoot." The only incident of the journey which I 
can recall was as follows: 

On reaching the top of one of the mountains, they found the western 
slope, which was quite long and steep, covered with a solid sheet of ice 
from top to bottom, making the descent extremely perilous. A consul- 
tation was held, and, as on'all similar occasions, advice was plenty, and 
my grandmother contributed her share in true womanly style. She 
wanted him to cut down a great big sapling, and tie it to the hind end 
of the wagon, TO HOLD IT BACK ! And old Uncle Perry, in true 
masculine style, after listening to this and other suggestions equally 
wise, went and did just as he had a mind to. He did not cut down 
the sapling, nor anything of the kind; but by rough-locking and careful 
driving, reached the foot of the perilous descen. in safety. On reaching 
the bottom of the hill, he stopped the team, took off his hat, and, wiping 
his brow, said that he had had that hill on his mind ever since he left 

On reaching their destination, they located in the extreme western 
part of Washington county, near West Middletown. Just how long they 
remained there, I do not know, but it must have been a number of years, 
for there several of the Hamilton children married and three of them 

j\rv father and mother removed to Harrison county in 1807, with 


thoir three oldest children. And some years hefore, the Perrys, Gastons, 
Alexander Morrison, and Grandmother Hamilton, had all settled near 
Morristown, in Belmont county. 

On Saturday, May 5th, 1900, the writer paid a visit to a native of 
Plarrison county, who was horn near Cadiz, Novemher 5, 1800, nearly 
one hundred years ago. This was Thomas West, who lives on a farm near 
Lafayette, in Coshocton county, Ohio. He was horn a few miles north 
of Cadiz, the son of William and Sarah Boyd West, and grandson of 
Morris West. His parents came to Harrison county hefore 1800, and 
settled on the farm where he was born. There they died in 1830. He 
was married to Eliza Tipton, of Cadiz, niece of Eev. William Tipton, in 
1831; and they removed to Coshocton county about 1844. 

Thomas West stated that his father went from Steubenville into 
what was then the backwoods of Jefferson (now Harrison) county, and 
built himself a log-cabin, afterwards returning for his father (Morris 
West), who accompanied the family to their frontier home. At that 
time, and for some years afterwards, there were no roads in the county, 
and the settlers found their way from place to place by means of blazed 
trees, or trees from which a small portion of the bark had been chopped 
off, so as to leave a mark. Thomas West had as a schoolmate one Philip 
Kail, and some of his neighbors were Samuel Maholm, JSTathan and 
Lemuel Green, and James Forbes. He went three miles to school, mak- 
ing his Avay through the forest by means of the blazings, and could not 
remain for the afternoon sessions, as he had to return home before even- 
ings in order to avoid the wolves. The United States spelling book was 
the principal book used in his school days. The school-houses which he 
attended were all log buildings, and the light was let in by means of a 
square hole cut out between two logs, the opening being covered with 
greased paper. The boys were warned by the teacher against pimching 
holes through the windows with their quill pens, and suffered severe 
punishment if caught in such an act. 

The first religious meetings were held in private houses, traveling 
circuit riders occasionally visiting the settlement and preaching for 
them. When a log church was afterwards erected (now Bethel church), 
the services were attended by many in the neighborhood, but the attend- 
ants usually wore their everj'^-day suits and dresses, as few of the pioneers 
possessed clothing that could be called "Sunday best." Man and wife 
usually rode to meeting together, on the back of the same horse. 

Clothing was generally made of coarse linen. For winter wear, it 


was customary to weave the cloth with two "shots" of wool alternating 
M-ith every two "shots" of tow thread. The pioneers had plenty to eat 
and live on,, though it was a rough diet. After the first few years, they 
had plenty of meat and potatoes, turnips, milk, and hutter — "hog and 
hominy, milk and hutter," as Mr. West expressed it. When a small boy, 
his principal occupation was to pick up brush, following the men, whose 
labor for many years after settlement was chiefly devoted to making 
clearings here and there in the forest, upon which they might plant 
crops. One of Mr. West's earliest recollections was that of an adventure 
the family had with a bear. When still a small boy, his father had cleared 
sufficient of his land to give him a space for two fields, and had con- 
structed a fence between, which ran from the cabin to the timber line. 
While this fence was building, one day when the men had come in for 
their supper, an occasion arose for using the family ax, and it was found 
that it had been left out in the clearing, at the end of the fence. Thomas 
was sent out to fetch it, and ran down the field alongside the fence to 
where it lay. As he ran, he noticed that the family pig was running 
down the field on the other side of the fence, as if expecting to receive 
some food from the hands of the boy, as was its wont. As Thomas 
reached the ax, and stooped down to pick it up, he heard the pig set up 
a terrific squealing, and saw it held tightly between the forelegs of a 
large black animal, which stood up on its hind legs, and seemed to have 
conceived a wonderful affection for Tommie's pet piggie. At the same 
time, his father began to shout and to clap his hands vigorously, and bv 
so doing succeeded in starting the bear back to the woods, where it 
dropped the hog betAveen the forked limbs of a low tree, and then de- 
parted. The men got down a gun, and started into the woods, but failed 
to find the bear. They brought back the hog, however, but its life had 
been crushed out, and its back broken in three places by the bear's tio-ht 

Pork was the chief animal food of the Harrison county pioneer. 
In the early days, the salted meat was packed in a trough, which was set 
deep in the ground near the front of the cabin door, and a clap-board top 
staked down over the trough, to keep wolves and other beasts from get- 
ting at its contents. Mr. West said that when he had grown to be a 
man, he bought salted pork from Edward Healey, a neighbor, who told 
him that he hadn't seen the bottom of his meat hogshead for seven years, 
"and it was as good meat as ever went into a man's mouth," said Mr. 
Wo't. "Salt was salt in those days. It is not so good now. ard it is 


difficult to get it of sufficient strength to keep the meat from souring." 

"The ploughs were all made of wood," he proceeded, "excepting a 
coulter to split the ground, and a small share-point. Threshing was 
done with a flail. I have whipped out hundreds of bushels of wheat on 
the puncheon floor of a log-barn. Johnny-cake was a staple article of 
diet. It was baked by putting it on a smooth board and setting it before 
a fire, with a stone before it, to keep it from falling down. When one 
side was done, we turned it over, and baked the other side. Wheat bread 
was baked by making a hole in the earthen fire-hearth, into which the 
loaves were placed, the hole covered with a flat stone, and live coals 
heaped on the stone. Sometimes the wheat was so rank, that it made 
you sick to eat bread made from it, and even made the hogs sick. This 
may have come from poisonous herbs being ground up with the flour, but 
it was usually thought to be due to the wheat having too much shade 
while growing. In the early days, the crops were planted in small 
patches, wherever clearings had been made, and the patches were sur- 
rounded on all sides by the tall trees of the forest. I remember one day 
a distant female relative came to visit at our house at a time when the 
wheat was too rank to make wholesome bread. My mother had to serve 
corn-bread, or Johnny-cake, and explained the reason for doing so by 
saying that the wheat that year was unfit for bread. Our visitor was 
inclined to turn up her nose at Johnny-cake, and thought my mother had 
invented the excuse about the wheat bread, merely to hide her poverty; 
so she stated that she was very fond of bread made from wheat grown 
on new soil, and liked no other kind so well. This nettled my mother 
some, as she could see from the manner of her visitor that her own hos- 
pitality was questioned ; and she resolved to give her all that she desired. 
So my mother made up some of the new wheat flour into bread, and at 
the next meal let her visitor eat her fill. The result was, a very sick wo- 
man, and no doubt a. wiser one. We used to go two miles to the house 
of a neighbor to get our grinding done. He had a hand-mill, and some- 
times it was necessary to wait for hours before our turn would come to 
take the mill. Later, when Bower's mill was set up [at the site of Bowers- 
town], I often rode horseback through the woods to that mill, with a 
bag of corn or wheat behind, had it ground, and carried the meal or flour 
home. One afternoon, while returning from the mill, J noticed a number 
of wild animals, like large dogs, which followed the horse, and one of 
them, once or twice snapped at my feet. But I was a small boy then, and 
ray feet did not reach down very far ; so I did not become uneasy. When 


I reached home, 1113^ parents told me that the animals which followed 
me were wolves, and they marvelled at my escape without injury. I had 
never seen wolves before, and when I found oiit what had chased me, 
became very much frightened at my experience. 

"In the early days in Harrison county, fist fights were of very fre- 
quent occurrence, and public gatherings of all kinds usually ended with 
a fight between one or more pairs of fighters. While I was still a little 
boy, my uncle, Augustus West, was forced into a fight with a bully, dur- 
ing the time of a camp-meeting which was held in the woods near our 
house. This occurred one day after the services had been held. My 
uncle was standing on the grounds, talking with some of his friends, 
when a big, swaggering fellow came along, elbowing people^ out of his 
way, and looking and walking very much like a big Brahma rooster that 
is spoiling for a fight. '1 am the best man that walks the road,' he said, 
when he reached the place where my uncle was standing with his friends. 
ISTow, my uncle was not naturally a fighting man, and I think if he had 
been choosing a place for a fight he would not have picked on the grounds 
of a camp-meeting. But he hated a bully, and when the fellow repeated 
his brag, my uncle said to him in a quiet tone, 'Stranger, untried.' This 
was enough to egg on the bully, and he struck my uncle. Then the fight 
began. Uncle Augustus was a short and heavy-set man, built like a 
Dutchman's horse, and he could parry the blows of his antagonist until 
he finally succeeded in 'cutting his wind.' Then he sailed into him, and 
very soon had him with his back on the ground. 

"General musters were often held at Cadiz, and in the country near 
there, and I attended many of these when a young man, although not my- 
self a member of the militia, on account of my defective hearing. One 
day, at muster, I saw two men fight for three-quarters of an hour. Their 
names were Salsman and Watson. Salsman stripped for the fight, and 
prepared himself for it better. Watson was dressed up, and as he was 
something of a dandy, would not take off his coat, nor even his stock 
and necktie. The kind of neckties they wore in those days were very 
larire and cumbersome, and I do not see how Watson could have fou2:ht 
as he did with that cloth wound around his neck. After the fight was 
over, Salsman had to keep his bed for three weeks. Watson was able to 
get around again in a few days; and probably would not have had a 
scratch if he had prepared himself for the fight as the other man did. 

"About the time I was married, wheat sold in Harrison county for 
forty cents a bushel. A day's wages for a reaper was fifty cents, or some- 


times a bushel of wheat was given for a day's work. I hired out to work 
one summer for a bushel of wheat a day. In the fall, when pay-day 
came, the price of wheat had risen to $i;00. My employer then wanted 
to pay me in money on the basis of the value of wheat when I began 
working; but of course, I could not agree to that. 

"When I started for myself, the first sheep I bought cost me seventy- 
five cents each. At that time a good big four year old steer fetched ten 
dollars. Before that time, a farm laborer's Avages was generally not much 
over twenty-five cents per day. ]\Iy son-in-law has some men hired on this 
place where we are to-day, and pays them as much for a day's wage as 
men used to get for working a week and a day. 

"I used to go to Cadiz to do my trading, generally dealt with Kil- 
gore and Lyons, and knew the Olmsteads, the Pritchards, the Maholms, 
and McFaddens, most of whom were engaged in business in that town. 
One day a neighbor and myself went to Cadiz, and after doing our trad- 
ing, and getting what provisions we had come for, the store-keeper (I 
am not sure, but it may have been Mr. Kilgore), asked us if we were 
going back home without taking out new calico dresses for our wives. 
We told him that we had no money with which to buy calico dresses, 
that it took all our surplus earnings, beyond what went to improving our 
farms, to buy such necessaries as- we could not raise ourselves. He told 
us that we could buy the dresses without paying for them then, that he 
would trust us for the price, and we could pay for them at another time. 
This was my first experience in buying on credit, and it seemed so compli- 
mentary to my neighbor and myself that the store-keeper should trust 
us, that we both bought some of his calico, and our wives had fine new 
dresses. And we afterwards paid for them, too. Men were not trusted 
in those days unless it was pretty certain that they would pay. Credit 
then was not so free or general as it is to-day." 

John S. Williams, who edited the American Pioneer, published at 
Cincinnati in 1843, wrote a series of articles on his knowledge and ex- 
perience of pioneer life, Mdiich nre of especial interest to Harrison county 
readers, as he was an early settler in the Concord settlement in Colerain 
township, P>elmont county, south of Mt. Pleasant, and not far from the 
southeastern corner of Harrison county. lu the spring of 1800, with his 
mother, sister, and brother, he emigrated from Beaufort, jSTorth Carolina, 
to what was then a part of Jefferson county, in the Northwest Territory. 
Some of his pioneer experiences were recounted, as follows: 


In April, 1800, -we sailed from Beaufort for Alexandria (Va.), in 
company with seventy other emigrants, large and small, say twelve 
families. We had one storm, and were once becalmed in Core sound, and 
had to Avait about two weeks at Ciirritnc inlet for a wind to take us to 
sea. From thence to Alexandria we had a fine run, especially up the 
Potomac bay. 

At Alexandria we remained several days before we got wagons to 
bring us out. Here everything was weighed. My weight was just 
seventy-five pounds. We stopped near two weeks on what I think was 
called Goose creek, in Virginia, before we could be supplied with a wagon 
to cross the mountains, in place of the one we occupied, which belonged 

The mountain roads, (if roads they could be called, for pack-horses 
were still on them), were of the most dangerous and difficult character. 
I have heard an old mountain tavern-keeper say that, although the 
taverns were less than ten miles apart in years after we came, he had 
known many emigrant families that stopped a night at every tavern on 
the mountains. 1 recollect but few of our night stands distinctly — say, 
Dinah Besor's, Goose Creek, Old Crock's, near the South Branch; Tom- 
linson's, Beesontown [Uniontown], and Simpkins', and Merrittstown, 
Our company consisted of Joseph Dew, Levina Hall, and Jonas Small, 
with their families. [For a further account of these emigrants, see Chap- 
ter II., which relates to the emigration of Southern Quakers to Har- 
rison county.] 

After a tedious journey, we all arrived safely at Fredericktown, 
Washington county. Pa., where we stopped to await the opening of the 
land office at Steubenville, Ohio. Here, we found Horton Howard 
and family, who had come on the season previous. Here, also, the chil- 
dren had the whooping-cough. Those whom we left at Alexandria 
came to Eedstone Old Fort [Brownsville], ten miles below Frederick- 
town, where they sojourned for the same purpose; and although, as we 
thought, unfortunately detained, they were the first at their resting place. 

Jonas Small, Francis Mace, and several other families from Redstone 
returned to Carolina, dissatisfied with the hills, vales, and mud of the 
]SJ"orthwest, little dreaming of the level and open plains of this valley. 
Horton Howard and family started first from Fredericktown; Joseph 
Dew, Levina Hall, and ourselves, made another start in September, or 
early in October. We started in the afternoon, and lay at Benjamin 
Townsend's on Fishpot Run; we lay also at the Blue Ball, near Washing- 
ton, at Rice's, on the Buffalo, and at Warren [at the mouth of Short 
creek], on the Ohio. These are all the night stands that I recollect, 
in fifty-five miles. We arrived safe at John Leaf's, in what is now called 
Concord settlement. From Warren, Joseph Dew and Mrs. Hall pro- 
ceeded up Little Short creek, and stopped near where Mt. Pleasant now 
is. In what is now called Concord settlement, four or five years previ- 
ously, five or six persons had squatted and made small improvements. 
The Friends, chiefly from Carolina, had taken the land at a clear sweep. 


Mr. Leaf lived on a tract bought hy Horton TTo-ward, since OAvned by 
Samnel Potts, and subsequently by Williym ilillhonse. Horton Howard 
had turned in on Mr. Leaf, and we turned in on both. 

If anyone has an idea of tlie appearance of the remnant of a town 
that has been nearly destroyed by fire, and the homeless inhabitants 
turned in upon those Avho were left, they can form some idea of the 
squatters' cabins that fall. It was a real harvest for them, however, for 
they received the rhino for the privileges granted and work done, as well 
in aid of the emigrants in getting cabins up as for their improvements. 
This settlement is in Belmont county, on Glenn's linn, about six miles 
northwest of Wheeling, and as much northeast of St. Clairsville. 

Emigrants poured in from different posts, cabins were put up in 
every direction, and women, children, and goods tumbled into them. The 
tide of emigration flowed like water through the breach in a milldam. 
Everything Avas bustle and confusion, and all at work that could work. 
In the midst of all this, the mumps, and perhaps one or two other dis- 
eases prevailed, and gave us a seasoning. Our cabin had been raised, 
covered, part of the cracks chinked, and part of the floor laid when we 
moved in, on Christmas day. There had not been a stick cut except in 
building the cabin. We had intended an inside chimney, for we thought 
the chimney ought to be in the house. We had a log put across the 
whole width of the cabin for a mantel, but when the floor was in Ave 
found it so loAV as not to ansAver, and removed it. Here Avas a great 
change for my mother and sister, as Avell as the rest, but particularly my 
mother. She Avas raised in the most delicate manner, in and near Lon- 
don, and lived most of the time in affluence, and alAA^ays comfortable. 
She was now in the wilderness, surrounded by Avild beasts, in a cabin Avith 
about half a floor, no door, no ceiling overhead, not even a tolerable 
sign for a fireplace; the light of day and the chilling aa^ucTs of night 
passing between every two logs, the cabin so high from the ground that 
a bear, wolf, panther, or any animal less in size than a coav, could enter 
AA'ithout even a squeeze. Such Avas our situation on Thursday and Thurs- 
day night, December 25th, 1800, and which was bettered but by very slow 
degrees. We got the rest of the floor laid in a fcAv days; the chinking of 
the cracks Avent on slowly, but the daubing could not proceed until the 
AA^eather was more suitable, Avhich happened in a few days; doorways were 
sawed out and steps made of the logs, and the back of the chimnev Avas 
raised up to the mantel, but the funnel of sticks and clay Avas delayed 
until spring. 

In building our cabin, it was set to front the north and south, my 
brother using my father's pocket compass on the occasion. We had no 
idea of living in a house that did not stand square Avith the earth itself. 
This argued our ignorance of the comforts and conveniences of a pioneer 
life. The position of the house, end to the hill, necessarily elevated the 
lower end, and the determination to have both a north and a roiith door 
added much to the airiness of the domicile, particularly after the green 
ash puncheons had shrunk so as to leave cracks in the floor and doors 


from one to two inches. At both the doors we had hi(?h, imstead}^, and 
sometimes icy steps, made by pilins: ^^P the logs cut out of the wall. We 
had a window, if it could be called a window, when, perhaps, it was the 
largest spot in the top, bottom, or sides of the cabin at which the wind 
could not enter. It was -made by sawing out a log, placing sticks 
across, and then, by pasting an old newspaper over the holes, and apply- 
ing some hog's lard, we had a kind of a glazing which shed a most beauti- 
ful and mellow light across the cabin when the sun shone upon it. All 
other light entered at the doors, cracks, and chimney. 

Our cabin was twenty-four by eighteen. The west end was occupied 
by two beds, the center of each side by a door, and here our symmetry 
had to stop, for on the side opposite the window, made of clap-boards, 
supported by pins driven into the logs, were our shelves. Upon these, 
shelves ray sister displayed, in ample order, a host of pewter plates, 
basins, and dishes, and spoons, scoured and bright. It was none of your 
new-fangled pewter, made of lead, but the best of London pewter, which 
our father himself bought of Townsend, the manufacturer. These were 
the plates upon which you could hold your meat so as to cut it without 
slipping and without dulling your knife. But, alas! the days of pewter 
plates and sharp dinner knives have passed away, never to return. To 
return to our internal arrangements. A ladder of five rounds occupied 
the corner near the windov/. By this, when we got a floor above, we 
could ascend. Our chimney occupied most of the east end; pots and 
kettles opposite the window under tlie shelves, a gun on hooks over the 
north door, four split-bottom chairs, three three-legged stools, and a 
small eight by ten looking-glass sloped from the wall over a large towel 
and comb-case. These, with a clumsy shovel and a pair of tongs, made 
in Frederick, with one shank straight, as the best manufacturer of 
pinches and blood-blisters, completed our furniture, except a spinnino-- 
wheel, and such things as wej-e necessary to work with. It was abso- 
lutely necessary to have three-legged stools, as four legs of anythin-i- 
could not all touch the floor at the same time. 

The completion of our cabin went on slowly. The season was in- 
clement; we were weak-handed and weak-pocketed — in fact, laborers 
were not to be had. We got one chimney up breast-high as soon as we 
could, and got our cabin daubed as high as the joists outside. It 
never was daubed on the inside, for my sister, who was very nice, could 
not consent to " live right next to the mud." My impression now is, that 
the window was not constructed till spring, for until the sticks and clay 
were put on the chimney we could possibly have no need for a window; 
for the flood of light which always poured into the cabin from the fire- 
place woLihl have extinguished our window, and rendered it as useless as 
the moon at noon-day. We got a floor laid overhead as soon as possible, 
perhaps in a month; but, Avhen it was laid, the reader can readily con- 
ceive of its imperviousness to Avind or weather, when we mention that it 
v^as laid of loose clap-lxjards, split from a red-oak. That tree grew in 


the niglit, and so twisting that each board laid on two diagonally op- 
posite corners, and a cat might have shook every board on our ceiling. 

It may be well to inform the unlearned reader that clap-boards are 
such lumber as pioneers split with a frow, and resemble barrel staves be- 
fore they are shaved, but are split longer, wider, and thinner; of such our 
roof and ceiling were composed. Puncheons were planks made by split- 
ting logs to about two and a half or three inches in thickness and hewing 
them on one or both sides Avith a broad-axe. Of such our floor, doors, 
tables, and stools were manufactured. 

The inonotony of the time for several of the first years was broken 
and enlivened by the howl of wild beasts. The wolves howling around 
us seemed to moan their inability to drive us from their long undis- 
puted domain. The bears, panthers, and deer seemingly got miffed at 
our approach, or the partiality of the hunters, and but seldom troubled 
us. We did not hunt for them. The wild-cat, raccoon, 'possum, hornet, 
yellow-jacket, rattlesnake, copperhead, nettle, and a host of small 
things, which seemed in part to balance the amount of pioneer happiness, 
held on to their rights until driven out gradually by the united efforts 
of the pioneers, who like a band of brothers usually aided each other in 
the great work. These things, as well as getting their bread, kept them 
too busy for law-suits, quarrels, crimes, and speculations, and made them 

When spring was fully come, and our little patch of corn — three 
acres — put in among the beech roots, which at every step contended with 
the shovel-plough for the right of soil, and held it, too, we enlarged our 
stock of conveniences. As soon as bark would run (i. e., peel off), we 
could make ropes and bark boxes. These we stood in great need of, as 
such things as bureaus, stands, wardrobes, or even barrels, were not to 
be had. The manner of making ropes of linn-bark was to cut the bark 
in strips of convenient length, and water-rot it in the same manner as 
rotting flax or hemp. When this was done, the inside bark would peel 
off and split up so fine as to make a pretty considerably rough and good- 
for-but-little kind of a rope. Of this, however, we were very glad, and 
let no ship-owner with his grass ropes laugh at us. We made two kinds 
of boxes for furniture. One kind was of hickory bark, with the outside 
shaved off. 'J'his we would take oft' all around the tree, the size of which 
would determine the caliber of our box. Into one end we would place 
a flat piece of bark or puncheon, cut round to lit in the bark, which stood 
on end the same as when on the tree. There was little need of hooping, 
as the strength of the bark would keep that all right enough. Its shrink- 
age would make the top unsightly in a parlor now-a-days, but then they 
were considered quite an addition to the furniture. A much finer article 
was made of slippery-elm bark, shaved smooth, and with the inside out, 
bent round and sewed together where the ends of the hoop or main bark 
lapped over. The length of the bark was around the box, and inside out. 
A bottom was made of a piece of the same bark, dried flat, and a lid, like 


that of a common band-box, made in the same way. This was the finest 
furniture in a lady's dressing-room, and then^ as now, with tlie finest 
furniture, the lapped or sewed side was turned to the wall, and the pret- 
tiest part to the spectator. They were easily made oval, and while the 
bark was green, were easily ornamented with drawings of birds, trees, 
&c., agreeably to the taste and skill of the fair manufacturer. As we be- 
longed to the Society of Friends, it may be fairly presumed that our band- 
boxes were not thus ornamented. 

To the above store of bark ropes and bark boxes must be added a 
few gums before the farmer considered himself comfortably fixed. It 
may be well to inform the unlearned reader that gums are hollow trees 
cut off, with puncheons pinned on, or fitted into one end, to answer in the 
place of barrels. 

The privations of a pioneer life contract the wants of man almost 
to total extinction, and allow him jneans of charity and benevolence. 
Sufferings ennoble his feelings, and the frequent necessity for united 
efforts at house-raisings, log-rollings, corn-huskings, &c., produced in him 
habitual charity, almost unknown in these days. 

We settled on beech land, which took much trouble to clear. We 
could do no other way than clear out the smaller stuff and burn the 
brush around the beeches, which, in spite of all the burning and gird- 
ling we could do to them, would leaf out the first year, and often a little 
the second. The land, however, was very rich, and would bring better 
corn than might be expected. We had to tend it principally with 
the hoe, that is, to chop down the nettles, the water- weed, and the touch- 
me-not. Grass, careless, lambs-quarter, and Spanish needles were re- 
served for the better prepared farmers. We cleared a small turnip patch, 
which we got in about the 10th of August. We sowed in timothy seed, 
which took well, and the next year we had a little hay besides. The tops 
and blades of the corn were also carefully saved for our horse, cow, and 
the sheep. The turnips were sweet and good, and in the fall we took 
care to gather walnuts and hickory nuts, which were very abundant. 
These, with the turnips, which we scraped, supplied the place of fruit. 
I have always been partial to scraped turnips, and could now beat any 
three dandies at scraping them. Johnny-cake, also, when we had meal 
to make it of, helped to make up our evening's repast. The Sunday 
morning biscuit had all evaporated, but the loss was partially supplied 
by the nuts and turnips. Our regular supper was mush and milk, and 
by the time we had shelled our corn, stemmed tobacco, and plaited straw 
to make hats, &c., &c., the mush and milk had seemingly decamped 
from the neighborhood of our ribs. To relieve this difficulty, my brother 
and I would make a thin Johnny-cake, part of which we would eat, and 
leave the rest until morning. At daylight we would eat the balance, as 
we walked from the house to work. 

To get grinding done was often a great difficulty, by reason of the 
scarcity of mills, the freezes in winter, and the droughts iu summer. We 


had often to mamifacture meal (when we had corn) in any way we could 
get the corn to pieces. We soaked and pounded it, we shaved it, we 
planed it, and, at a proper season, we grated it. When one of our neigh- 
bors got a hand-mill, it was thought quite an acquisition to the neighbor- 
hood. In after years, when in time of freezing or drought, we could get 
srindina' bv waitina: for our turn no more than one day and a night at a 
horse-mill, we thought ourselves happy. 

To save meal we often made pumpkin bread, in which, when meal 
was scarce, the pumpkin would so predominate as to render it almost im- 
possible to tell our bread from that article, either by taste, looks, or the 
amount of nutriment it contained. To rise from the tabic with a good 
appetite is said to be healthy, and with some is said to be fashionable. 
What t]ien does it signify to be hungry for a month at a time, when it is 
not only healthy, but fashionable ? Besides all this, the sight of a bag 
of meal, when it was scarce, made the family feel more glad and thank- 
ful to Heaven then, than a whole boat-load would at the present time. 

S;tlt was five dollars per bushel, and we used none in our corn-bread, 
which we soon liked as well without it. What meat we had at first was 
fresh, and but little of that; for had we been hunters, we had no time to 
practice it. 

We had no candles, and cared little for them, .except for summer 
use. In Carolina we had the real fat light-wood — not merely pine- 
knots, but the fat, straight pine. This, from the brilliancy of our parlor 
of winter evenings, might be supposed to put not only candles, lamps, 
camphine, Greenough's chemical oil, but even gas itself to the blush. In 
the West we had not this, but my business was to ramble the woods every 
eveniug for seasoned sticks, or the bark of the shelly hickor}^, for light. 
^Tis true that our light was not so good as even candles, but we got along 
without fretting, for we depended more upon the goodness of our eyes 
than we did upon the brilliancy of the light. 

One of my employments on winter evenings, after we raised flax, 
was the spinning of rope yarn, from the coarsest swingling tow, to make 
bed-cords for sale. " Swingling tow " is a corruption of " singling 
tow," as " swingle-tree " is of '" single-tree." The manner of spinning 
rope yarn was by means of a drujn, wliich turned on a horizontal shaft 
driven into a hole in one of the cabin logs near the fire. The yarn was 
hitched to a nail on one side of the circumference next to me. By taking 
an oblique direction, and keeping up a regular jerking, or pulling of the 
thread, the drum was kept in constant motion, and thus the twisting 
and pulling out went on regularly and simultaneously, until the length of 
the walk was taken up. Then, by winding the yarn first on my forearm, 
and from that on the drum, I was ready to spin another thread. 

The unlearned reader might inquire what we did with the finer kinds 
of tow. It is well enough to ajiprise him that next to rope yarn in fine- 
ness was filling for trousers and aprons; next finer, warp for the same, 
and filling for shirts and frocks; next finer, of tow thread, warp for sheets 


and frocks, unless some of the higher grades of society would use flax 
thread. Linen shirts, especially seven hundred, was counted the very top 
of the pot, and he who v,'ore an eight hundred linen shirt was counted a 
dandy. He was not called a dandy, for the word was unknown, as well 
as the refined animal which bears that name. Pioneers found it to their 
advantage to wear tow linen and eat skim milk, and sell their flax, linen, 
and butter. 

Frocks were a short kind of shirt worn over the trousers. We saved 
our shirts by pulling them off in warm Aveather, and by wearing 
nothing in the day-time but our hats, made of straw, our frocks and our 
trousers. It will be thus perceived that these things took place before 
the days of suspenders, when everyone's trousers lacked about two inches 
of reaching up to where the waistcoat reached down. Suspenders soon be- 
came a part of the clothing, and were a real improvement in dress. 

The girls had forms without bustles, and rosy cheeks without paint. 
Those who are thin, lean, and colorless, from becoming slaves to idle- 
ness or fashion, are, to some extent, excusable for endeavoring to be arti- 
ficially what the pioneer girls were naturally; who, had they needed lac- 
ins,-, might have used tow strings, and if bran were used for bustles might 
have curtailed their suppers. Those circumstances which frequently 
occasioned the bran to be eaten after the flour was gone, laced tight 
enough without silk cord or bone-sets, and prevented that state of things 
which sometimes makes it necessary to eat both flour and bran together 
as a medicine, and requires bran or straw outside to make the shape re- 

N"ot only about the farm, but also to meeting, the younger part of 
the families, and even men went barefoot in summer. The young women 
carried their shoes and stockings, if they had them, in their hands, until 
they got in sight of the meeting-house, where, sitting on a log, they shod 
themselves for meeting, and at the same place, after meeting, they un- 
shod themselves for a walk home, perhaps one or two miles. Whether 
shoes, stockings, or even bonnets, were to be had or not, meeting must 
be attended. 

Turnips, walnuts, and hickory-nuts supplied the place of fruit till 
peaches were raised. In five or six years, millions of peaches rotted on 
the ground. Previous to our raising apples, we sometimes went to ]\[ar- 
tin's Ferr}', on the Ohio, to pick peaches for the owner, who had them 
distilled. We got a bushel of apples for each day's work in picking 
peaches. These were kept for particular eating, as if they had contained 
seeds of gold. Their extreme scarcity made them seem valuable, and 
stand next to the short biscuit that were so valued in times gone by. 
Paw-paws were eaten in tlieir season. When we got an abundance of ap- 
ples, they seemed to lose their flavor and relish. 

Pasturage was abundant in summer, being composed mostly of net- 
tles, waist higli, which made us fine greens, and tlius served for both 
the cow and her owner, and yet, like everything else on earth, seemed 


to balance the account by stinging us at every turn. Even the good pas- 
turage of this new countr}^, considered as pasture, had its balancing prop- 
erties; for the same rich soil from which spring nettles and pasture in 
such abundance, brought forth also the ramps, or wild garlic, which, 
springing first,'was devoured by the cows. Cows could not be confined, for 
want of fences, nor dared we neglect milking, lest they might go dry; and 
so for two or three weeks cows were milked, in pails, and the milk thrown 
out and given to the hogs. We never milked on the ground, as it seemed 
a pity, and some said it was bad luck. 

Our axe-handies were straight and egg-shaped. Whether the oval 
form and the crooked bulbous ends of the present day is an improve- 
ment or not is inmiaterial here to inquire; but had we used the present 
form then, I shotdd at times have been fixed to the axe. The hand that 
holds this pen had, before it felt the cold of twelve winters, been so be- 
numbed by chopping in the cold as to have the fingers set to the handle, 
making it necessary to slip them off at the end, which could not have been 
done were they of the present shape. After the fingers were off, a little 
rubbing and stretching from the other hand would restore them, but 
would not dry up the blood nor heal the chaps with which they were cov- 

These, and kindred things, are well calculated to make one, by con- 
trast, appreciate the blessings of leisure and ease; until they become too 
common, when we lose our relish of them, and the gratitude we ought to 
feel for time even to think. 

Note.— Morris West, grandfather of the centenarian, Thomas West, 
whose reminiscences appear in the foregoing claapter, seems to have settled in 
the southeastern corner of Archer township, about a mile and a half east of 
north from Cadiz. His name does not appear on the list of original grantees 
of land by the United States. Neither does that of his son, William West, 
the father of Thomas. On July 8, 1S09, Bazaleel Wells, the original pat- 
entee, deeded a portion of section 31, township 10, range 4, being the south- 
eastern section in Archer township, to Morris West. Some mention of Mor- 
ris West may also be found in the sketch of the history of Bethel Church. 




The land upon which Cadiz was built was granted to Zaccheus 
Beatty h}^ the United States Government, April 39, 1804, and was by him 
conveyed to Zaccheus Biggs, October 16, 1S05. Biggs was the first re- 
ceiver of the Land Office at Steubenville, having been appointed July 
1, 1800. He was also one of the surveyors in 1805, of Short Creek 
Athens, and Moorefield townships; and doubtless in that way became ac- 
quainted with tl>3 resources and richness of soil of the country now in- 
cluded within the bounds of Harrison county. 

A portion of the site of Cadiz is said to have been occupied by one 
Garret Glazener, for a blacksmith shop, about tlie year 1800; but this 
statement rests mainly on tradition, and is open to confirmation. The first 
horse path, or trail, reaching this point from the East without doubt led 
to Wellsburg (or Charlestown, as it was first called), and probably entered 
the present limits of the county at a point nearly east of Beech Spring 
Church. Another path left the Ohio at Warrentown, and followed Short 
creek to its head-waters, and from thence to a connection with the 
Charlestown road. As soon as the land office was opened at Steubenville 
(1800), and probably before that date, a third route, following the old In- 
dian trails, was opened between the site of Cadiz and the river, later con- 
tinued on to what is now the town of Cambridge, in Guernsey countv 
and since then known as the Steubenville and Cambridge road. The 
opening of this road was no doubt occasioned by the fact that most of 
the emigrants into the ISTorthwest Territory, wherever they crossed the 
Ohio, had to proceed to Steubenville to make their filings in the land of- 
fice before taking up their lands; and many, whose destination was west 


of tlie sources of Short creek, would naturally proceed by the shortest 
route to regain the main traveled road through this latitude, which led 
west from what is now Wellsburg, The intersection of these two roads 
was at the site of Cadiz. 

In Mr. Archer Butler Hulbert's monograph on "The Indian Thor- 
oughfares of Oh'o," published in the January (1900) Quarterly of the 
Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, and since issued in 
book form, the author defines the route of an earh Indian trail wliicli 
passed through Harrison county, and which he designates by the name 
of the Mingo Trail. This lead from the Mingo Bottoms (Steubenville), 
on the Ohio, to Will's Town (now Duncan's Falls, a short distance below 
Zanesville, in Muskingum county), on the Muskingum. If a straight line 
be drawn on the map of Ohio, connecting these two points, it will be 
found to pass through Harrison county a short distance south of Cadiz. 
Mr. Hulbert states that this Trail passed "across the highlands of Noble, 
Guernse}'', Harrison, and Jefferson counties. This route is identical with 
that denominated the "Federal Trail" in Dr. Eobertson's History of 
Morgan county, Ohio (p. 126). Undoubtedly, it is practically the route 
of the present Steubenville and Cambridge road, which was first known 
as the Steubenville and Zanesville road. 

In speaking of Indian trails, Mr. Hulbert says: "It is possible to 
believe, that in the earliest times, the Indians traveled only on rivers and 
lakes. AVhen they turned inland, we can be practically sure that they 
found, ready-made and deeply worn, the verj' routes of travel which have 
since born tlieir name. For the beginning of the history of road-making 
in this central west, we must go back two centuries, when the buffalo, 
urged by his need of change of climate, newer feeding grounds, and 
fresh salt-licks, first found his way through the forests. Even if the 
first thoroughfares were made by the mastodon and the mound-builder, 
they first came to white man's knowledge as buffalo "traces," and later 
became Indian trails. . . One wbo has any conception of the west 
as it was a century and a half ago, who can see the river valleys filled 
with the immemorial plunder of the river floods, can realize that tliere 
was but one practicable passage-way across the land for either beast or 
man, and that on the summit of the hills. Here on the hilltops, mount- 
ing on the lougest ascending ridges, lay the tawny paths of the buffalo 
and Indians. They were not only highways, they were the highest ways, 
and chosen for the best reasons: 1. The hilltops offered the driest 


courses. 2. The hilltops were windswept. 3. The hilltops were coigns 
of vanta2;e for outlook and sionallino;. . . . 

"An interesting proof of the use made of Indian trails by the white 
man is found in the blazed trees which line them. There is not an im- 
portant trail in Ohio which is not blazed, and it is well known that the 
red men were not in the habit of blazing their trails, . . . Upon the 
high summits of the long ranges of hills one may to-day see upon the 
aged tree trunks savage gashes made not less than a century ago, as the 
writer has ascertained by a study of the blazes made in Washington 
county on roads laid out by the surveyors of the Ohio Company, 1795- 

While there was no wagon road in Harrison county before 1800, it 
is reasonable to suppose that both the paths above referred to were wid- 
ened and made passable for vehicles soon after that date; for the emi- 
gration that followed the opening of the Steubenville land office poured 
in like a liugh wave. In fact, large numbers of people had come into the 
adjoining counties in I'ennsylvania and Virginia, months before the open- 
ing of the land office, to be on the ground and ready to get in early, and 
have their pick of the choicest land; just as a few years ago was the case 
in the Indian Territory, when Oklahoma was opened for settlement. It 
may be readily understood, therefore, that when the bars were first let 
down, the settlers came in with a rush; and during the next three or four 
years many of the best sections in the present townships of Green, Short 
Creek, Cadiz, and Athens had been pre-empted. 

The town of Cadiz was laid out by Zaccheus A. Beatty and Zaccheus 
Biggs, the plat being acknowledged by Z. A. Beatty, one of the pro- 
prietors, before Benjamin Hough, Justice of the Peace, October 39, 1804, 
and recorded the same day at Steubenville, Jefferson county. The lots 
wei-e numbered, 1 to 141. The streets were South, Warren, Market, 
Spring, North, Muskingum, Steubenville (now Main), Ohio, and Wheeling 
(now Buffalo). 

The first deed for a lot was made by Zaccheus Biggs and wife, Eliza 
Biggs, to John Finney, the consideration being $20. The date of the 
deed was February 28, 180G; recorded March 4, 180G; Lot No. 4. From 
that elate to the time of the organization of Harrison county (February 1, 
1813), the following lots were sold, some of the deeds for the same ap- 
pearing on the records of Jefferson county only: 

John Finney, February 28, 1806, Lot 4; consideration, $20. 

Phineas Ash, March, ISOG, Lot 88; consideration, $44. 


John Perry, March 23, 1806, Lot 22; consideration, $13. 
James McMillen, April 9, 180G, Lots 74 and 75; consideration, $36. 
John Pritchard, of Fayette county. Pa., April 9, 1806, Lot 87; con- 
sideration, $27. 

Martin Snyder, Aug. 11, 180G, Lot 86. 

Andrew McNeely, Aug. 12, 1806 Lots 112 and 129; consideration, 


William Foster, before Dec. 31, 1806, Lot 13. 

Sarah Young, Dec. 31, 1806, Lot 13. 

John Maholm, October, 1806 (?), Lot 70; consideration, $30. 

Jacob Browne, of Brooke county, Va., Oct. 9, 1806, Lots 110 and 
111; consideration, $137. 

Robert H. Johnson, Oct. 20, 1806, Lots 105 and 106. 

Samuel Boyd, Nov. 7, 1806, Lot 91. 

Joljn Pugh, of Frederick county, Va., Dec. 8, 1806, Lot 14; con- 
sideration, $30. 

Joseph Harris, Dec. 31, 1806, Lot 108. 

Jacob Arnold, June 17, 1806, Lot 109; consideration $65.75. 

Peter Wilson, June 25, 1807, Lot 31. 

John L. Baker, Aug. 17, 1807, Lot 130; consideration, $12. 

Zaccheus A. Beatty, Oct. 7, 1808, Lot 79. 

Rebecca Paul, of Philadelphia, Oct. 17, 1808, Lot 69; consideration, 


Rudolph Ilines, July 24, 1809, Lot 82. 

John Ourant, of jSTew Lisbon, July 24, 1809, Lot 102; consideration, 


John McGaughy, before Sept. 22, 1809, Lot 77. 

William Orr, before Nov. 14, 1809, Lot 89. 

John McCray, June 12, 1810, Lot 55; consideration, $40. 

William Grimes, March 26, 1810, Lot 99; consideration, $30. 

John Sherrard, Aug. 4, 1811, Lot 130. 

James Simpson, Dec. 5, 1810, Lot 100; consideration, $30. 

William Sherrard, Aug. 4, 1811, Lot 130; consideration, $14.56. 
^saac Meek, Sept. 14, 1811, Lot 103. 

Adam Snyder, Dec. 18, 1811, Lot 144. 

Samuel Jackson, Jan. 13, 1812, Lot 145. 

Thomas Dickerson, Feb. 28, 1812, Lot 113; consideration, $50. 

Robert Stephens, of Fayette comity, I'a., Feb. 14, 1812, two a>jres 
rdjoining the northwest comer of Cadiz; consideration, $46. 


William Vaughn, March 7, 1812, Lot 149. 

John McClintock, April 16, 1813, Lot 117; consideration, $30. 

Easter Tingley, April 15, 1812, Lot 101. 

John Pugh, Jr., April 15, 1813, Lot 14. 

George McFadden, April 15, 1813, Lot 83. 

Charles Chapman, April 15, 1813, Lot 93. 

John McFadden, Samuel Carnahan, John Craig, William Hamilton, 
and John Jamison, "trustees, appointed by the Associate Eeformed Con- 
gregation of Cadiz," April 35, 1813, Lots 58, 59, and 60 (the site of the 
old Union church, now occupied as a residence by Mr. A. H. Carnahan); 
consideration, $30. 

Eohert Cochran, April 16, 1813, Lot 30. 

Nathan Adams, April 17, 1813, certain lands "on the waters of Short 
cl-eek, in the town of Cadiz, being Lots 133 and 138"; consideration, 

Robert Kelly, April 18, 1812, Lot 4; consideration, $13. 

Job Gatchef, Oct. 7, 1813, Lot 54. 

John Baxter, before Oct. 7, 1813, Lot 54. 

Henry Pepper, Xov. 25, 1813, Lot 114. 

Henry Howe's description of Cadiz in 1807, published in his Histor- 
ical Collections in 1847-48, is no doubt familiar to most of the readers of 
this volume; and as it was taken by Mr. Howe from the lips of some of 
the original settlers, it gives us the most direct account we have of the es- 
tablishment of the village. While a comparison of this description with 
the foregoing list of lot-owners, shows that Mr. Howe's informants did 
not include all the first settlers in their account, the latter is especially 
valuable as giving us an idea of the business and occupation of many of 
the early fathers. Howe's description is as follows: 

Cadiz, the county seat, is a remarkably Avell-built and city-like town 
[this was in 1847], four miles southeasterly from the center of the 
county, 115 easterly from Columbus, twenty-four westerly from Steuben- 
ville, and twenty-four northerly from Wheeling. It contains (Tie Pres- 
byterian, one Methodist Episcopal, one Associate (Seceder), and one As- 
sociate Reformed church. It also contains two printing presses, twelve 
dry-goods, seven grocery, and two drug-stores, and had, in 1840, 1,038 

Cadiz was laid out in 1803, or 1804, by Messrs Biggs and Beatty. 
Its site was then, like most of the surrounding country, a forest, and its 
location was induced by the junction there of the road from Pittsburg, 
by Steubenvillc, Avith the road from Washington, Pa., by Wellsburg, Va., 
from where the two united, passed by Cambridge to Zanesville; and 


previous to the construction of the national road through Ohio [bnilt in 
1825-'^7], was traveled, more, perhaps, than any other road northwest of 
the Ohio river. In April, 1807, it contained the follov.-ing named per- 
sons, with their families: Jacob Arnold, inn -keeper; Andrew McNeeley, 
hatter and justice of the peace; Joseph Harris, merchant; John Jamison, 
tanner; John McCrea, wheel-wright; Robert Wilkin, brick-maker; Cou- 
ncil Abdill, shoemaker; Jacob Myers, carpenter; John Pritchard, black- 
smith; Nathan Adams, tailor; James Simpson, reed-maker; William 
Tiniilov, school-teacher; and old Granny [Sarah] Young, midwife and 
baker, who was subsetiuently elected (by the citizens of the township in 
a fit of hilarity) to the office of justice of the peace; Jnit females not 
being eligible to otFice in Ohio, the old lady was obliged to forego the 
pleasure of serving her constituents. 

The first celebration of Independence in Cadiz was on the 4th of 
July, 1806, when the people generally, of the town and country for miles 
around, attended, and partook of a fine repast of venison, wild turkey, 
bear meat, and such vegetables as the country afforded; while for a drink, 
rye whiskey was used. There was much hilarity and good feeling. 

]\rr. Howe's list contains the names of but thirteen families; but the 
list of first lot-owners shows the names of at least twenty persons who 
had purchased lots or were residents of Cadiz before 1808. 

It will be not without interest to locate these earliest lot-owners, so 
that we may be able to form some idea of the appearance of the village 
in 1807. It is not probable that all of the lots sold up to that time were 
built upon; and those on which houses stood were doubtless surrounded 
by forest trees, or the stumps of trees. The houses, of course, were of the 
rudest description, small log cabins, containing one, two, or three rooms, 
similar to those of which a few are still to be seen in parts of Harrison 
county, although by no means so well-made. Some of tliese log cabins are 
still standing in Cadiz, without a doubt, covered up and disguised by the • 
more modern weather-boarding, and with additions and extensions 
built on since the days of the pioneers, but with the same eighteen 
inch thick walls, of oak or walnut timber, as when their sites were first 
built upon. 

Beginning at what was then the eastern extremity of Market street, 
at the intersection of the present Buffalo street (then called Wheeling 
street, and forming the southeastern bovmdary of the village), and pro- 
ceeding thence to the northwest, we find the first corner lot on the right 
was OAvned by John Finney. The lots, it should be observed, were origin- 
ally all sixty-six feet wide; the most of them on the main streets have 
been since subdivided into narrower and more numerous lots. At that 


time, three lots constituted a quarter of a block (the lots being 198 feet 
in depth, or three times their width). The lot next to John Finney's 
was bought by John Pugh. Directly across the street (late the residence 
of John Eea) and the adjoining ground stood the domicile of Sarah 
Young, then, as in recent years, the site of a bakery. Adjoining her lot 
was that of John Perry, which extended to the alley (later occupied by 
the residence of Tunis Ililligas); across the alley, on the opposite side 
of the street, Peter Wilson bought; and there were no more houses be- 
tween his and Ohio street. Crossing Market street again, and proceeding 
further up the hill, we come to John Maholm's place (now occupied in 
part by the residence of Wilson Ilouser). On top of the hill, turning to 
the right, and into Steubenville (now Main) street, the second lot from 
the corner (now occupied in part by the post-office building), belonged to 
Martin Snyder; and next to him, reaching to the alley, was the lot on 
which stood John Pritchard's story and a half log-house.. Beyond 
him was Phineas Ash; while Eobert H. Johnson owned the two 
lots directly across Main street from Pritchard and Ash. Half a block 
down the street from Phineas Ash, on the further corner of Spring and 
Main streets, was the lot of Samuel Boyd. On the corner now occupied 
by the Farmers' and Mechanics' National Bank stood the house of Josepli 
Harris, his lot extending along Market street back to the alley (now oc- 
cupied by the Bank, Opera House, and the buildings between). Below 
him, in the middle of the next quarter-block, Andrew McNeely owned 
the second lot above Muskingum street, the street which -then formed 
the northwestern boundary of the village, being the lot recently occu- 
pied by the Smiley family. Directly opposite Andrew MclSTeely's was 
John Baker, who bought in 1807. Passing around the front of the Pub- 
lic Square, and down Main street towards Warren, the first house was 
Jacob Arnold's tavern, which stood on the site of F. J. Wagner's bakery. 
The remaining two lots in that quarter-block (now occupied by the old 
Music Hall and the Swan House) belonged to Jacob Brown. The lot 
since occupied by the United Presbyterian church then belonged to An- 
drew McNeely, and it is probable that his cabin stood on that spot; al- 
though, as stated above, he also owned the lot nearly opposite the Pres- 
byterian church, above the present residence of Dr. S. B. McGavran. 
The two lots on the opposite side of South Main street, between the Pres- 
byterian parsonage and the Hcarn residence, belonged to James McMillan. 
This completes the list of lot owners whose deeds bear dates prior to 
1808, seventeen in all; l)ut in addition to the names of some of those 



given above, Henry Howe mentions seven more, as living in Cadiz in 
1807. Tliese seven did not olitain titles to lots until a later period; and 
in most cases there is no way of determining where they lived in the 
meantime. Perhaps some of them may have been inmates with some of 
the house-holders, and it is not unnatural to presume, that Mine Host 
Jacob Arnold, had permanent acommodations for at least a few "regular 
boarders,^^ until they could better provide for themselves. Again, some 
then classed as citizens of Cadiz may have had their homes on their 
farms outside of the village, as it is certain a number of those whose 
names appear as lot-owners were also extensive land-owners in the 
county. The nearest that can be done towards locating the remaining 
seven residents mentioned by Howe, is to give the location of the prop- 
erty first purchased by each one of them, which was as follows : Connel 
Abdill, in 1832, bought the lot on Market street noiv occupied in part by 
the K. W. Kinsey homestead. John Jamison lived on his farm near 
Cadiz. John McCrea, in 1810, bought the lot at the corner of Market 
and Ohio streets, since occupied in part by James Bullock's residence. 
Jacob Myers appears to have been a tenant. James Simpson, in 1810, 
bought the lot across the alley from and southwest of the home of 
Frederick J. Wagner; and the lot next to James Simpson's was purchased 
in 1812 by Easter Tingley, William Tingley not acquiring any titles until 
1825. Eobert Wilkin, brick-maker, may have lived out of town, or bought 
his lot at second-hand. 

A complete list of the original owners of each lot in Cadiz, and 
additions thereto, is given herewith: 

Connel Abdii, before May 18, 1832, Lot 39, (see Thomas Lee). 

Nathnn Adams, Xov. 14, 1809, Lot 89, (deeded by William Orr); July 
24, 1811, Lot 107; before March 20, 1815, Lot 93, (see Jacob Snedikcr); 
April 7, 1812, Lots 122 and 138, "on the waters of Short creek, in the 
town of Cadiz;" March 25, 1813, Lots 148 and 150, (deeded by Jacob 
Arnold; before Feb. 4, 1815, Lot 171, (see Benjamin Bennett); before 
Aug. 20, 1816, Lot 174, (see Jacob Holmes); before, Dec. 18, 1818, Lots 
172 and 173, (see Hines Median and David McGyre); before Sep. 12, 
1831, Lots 175 and 17G, (see James Knox); before Dec. 20, 1837, Lots 
169 and 170, (see Daniel Morris). 

Isaac Allen, before Aug. 7, 1829, Lots 187, 188, 190, (see Eeuben 

James Allen, Aug. 3, 1836, Lot 195, (deeded by Philip Trine). 



Eeiiben Allen, Aug. 7, 1S29, Lots 187, 188, 190, (deerled by Isaac 

Jacob Arnold, July 17, 1806, Lot 109; before Dec. 18, 1811, Lot 144, 
(see Adam Snider); before Jan. 13, 1813, Lot 145, (see Samuel Jackson); 
before March 7, 1813, Lot 149, (see William A^aughn); before May 13, 
1813, Lots 142 and 143, (see John Braden) ; March 6, 1813, Lot 31, (deed- 
ed by Francis Mitchell); before March 35, 1813, Lots 148 and 150, (see 
Nathan Adams). 

James Arnold, before jMarch 34, 1819, Lots 191 and 193, (see Thomas 
Bradford and John Mclntire); before March 39, 1819, Lot 193, (see James 
]\[cElroy); before June 12, 1819, Lots 186 and 189, (see Eobert Clark and 
Zebedee Cox). 

Eezin Arnold, Mavdi 13, 1818, Lot 178, (deeded by Andrew Mc- 

Phineas Ash, March — , 1806, Lot 88. 

John L. Baker, Aug. 17, 1807, Lot 130. 

John Baxter, before Oct. 7, 1812, Lot 54, (see John Gatchel). 

Zaccheus A. Beatty, Oct. 7, 1808, Lot 79; Oct. 33, 1814, Lots 90 and 
116; Oct. 24, 1814, Lot 63. 

Walter B. Beebe, May 24, 1813, Lots 145, 155, and 156; Dec. 6, 1819, 
Lots 159, 162, and 163. 

Benjamin Bennett, Feb. 4, 1815, Lot 171, (deeded by Xathan 

George Bohrer, before March 25, 1814, Lot 40, (see John Stoakes). 

Samuel Boyd, Xov. 7, 1806, Lot 91. 

John Braden, May 13, 1812, Lots 143 and 143, (deeded by Jacob 

David Bradford, June 27, 1814, Lot 158. 

Thomas Bradford, March 24, 1819, Lot 191, (deeded by James 

Jacob Brown, of Brooke county, Va., AjDril 9, 1806, Lot 111; July 19, 
1806, Lot 110. 

Joseph Burnell, March 29, 1825, Lot 81, (deeded by William Hender- 

John Burns, May 27, 1815, Lot 160. 

Kins Cahill, before May 24, 1814, Lot 147, (see John Sullers). ; 

Samuel Carnahan, April 16, 1812, (see John McFadden). 

Charles Chapman, April 15, 1812, Lot 93; March 24, 1815, Lot 104, 
(deeded by Jobn Forney). 


Kobert Clark, June 12, 1819, Lot 189, (deeded by James Arnold). 

Eobert Cochran, April IG, 1812, Lot 30. 

Zebedee Cox, June 12, 1819, Lot 18G, (deeded b}^ James Arnold). 

John Craig, April 16, 1812, (see John McFadden). 

James Crossan, April 2, 1850, Lot 197, (deeded by William Knox). 

Eobert Croske}', June 18, 181-1, Lot 84, (deeded by Thomas Stoakes). 

Thomas Dickerson, Feb. 28, 1812, Lot 113. 

John Finne}^, Feb 12, ISOfJ, Lot 4, (the first lot sold in Cadiz; deeded 
again by Zaccheus Biggs to Eobert Kelly, April 18, 1812). 

John Forney, before March 24, 1815, Lot 104, (see Charles Chap- 

William Foster, before Dec. 31, 1806, Lot 13, (see Sarah Young). 

Job Gatchel, Oct. 7, 1812, Lot 54, (deeded by John Baxter). 

William Gilmore, before Feb. 29, 1848, Lot 153, (see James Mat- 

William Grimes, March 26, 1810, Lot 99; Sept. 14, 1811, Lot 131; 
April 1, 1815, Lot 120, (deeded by Thomas Henderson). 

William Hamilton, April IG, 1812, (see John McFadden). 

A. F, Hanna, before July 1, 1837, Lot 199, (see School Directors). 

Jobn Hanna, April 21, 1814, Lots 161 and 164. 

Joseph Harris, Dec. 31, 1806, Lot 108. 

Thomas Henderson, before April 1, 1815, Lot 120, (see William 

William Henderson, before March 29, 1825, Lot 81, (see Joseph Bur- 

Eudolph Hines, July 24, 1809, Lot 82. 

Eleazer Huff, Feb. 15, 1814, Lots 45 and 115. 

William Huif, Oct. 8, 1814, Lot 46. 

Jacob Holmes, Aug. 20, 1816, Lot 174, (deeded by Nathan Adams). 

John Hover, Sr., before June 22, 1816, Lot 165, (see John Hover, 

John Hover, Jr., June 22, 1816, Lot 165, (deeded by John Hover, 

Samuel Jackson, Jan. 13, 1812, Lot 145, (deeded by Jacob Arnold), 

John Jamison, April 16, 1812, (see John McFadden). 

Eobert H. Johnson, Oct. 20, 1806, Lots 105 and 106. 

Eobert Johnson, May 5, 1814, Lot 112, (deeded by Andrew McNeely). 

Eobert Kelly, April 16, 1812, Lot 4, (see John Finney); May 14, 
1814, Lot 70, (deeded by Samuel Williams). 


James Knox, Sq^t. 12, 1831, Lots 175 and 176, (deeded by Nathan 

William Knox, before Aug. 6, 1833, Lot 194, (see George White); 
before June 23, 1837, Lot 196, (see Samuel MeCormick); before Jan. 13, 
1838, Lot 198, (see Robert McCullough); before April 2, 1850, Lot 197, 
(see James Crossan). 

Thomas Lee, May 18, 1832, Lot 39, (deeded by Connel Abdil). 

John McClintock, April 16, 1812, Lot 117. 

Samuel MeCormick, Jane 23, 1837, Lot 196, (deeded by William 

John McCray, March 12, 1810, Lot 55. 

Eobert McCullough, Jan. 13, 1838, Lot 198, (deeded by William 

James McElroy,' March 29, 1819, Lot 193, (deeded by James Arnold). 

George McFadden, April 15, 1812, Lot 83. 

John McFadden, Samuel Carnahan, John Craig, William Hamilton, 
and John Jamison, "trustees appointed by the Associate Reformed Con- 
gregation of Cadiz," April 16, 1812, Lots 58, 59, 60. 

James McC. Galbraith, May 2, 1815, Lot 181, (deeded by Andrew 

John McGaughy, Sept. 22, 1809, Lot 77; before Feb. 21, 1814, Lot 
76, (see John Marshall). 

David McGyre, Dec. 28, 1818, Lot 173, (deeded by Nathan Adams). 

John Mclntire, March 24, 1819, Lot 192, (deeded by James Arnold). 

Andrew McKee, June 30, 1819, Lot 185, (deeded by Andrew Mc- 

James McMillan, April 9, 1806, Lots 74 and 75. 

Alexander McXary, May 24, 1814, Lot 157. 

Andrew McNeely, Aug. 12, 1806, Lot 129; before May 5, 1814, Lot 
112, (see Robert Johnson); before May 2, 1815, Lots 181 and 182, (see 
James McC. Galbraith and Stephen Perry); before Sept. 11, 1816, Lot 
184, (see James Moore); before March 13, 1818, Lot 178, (see Rezin Ar- 
nold); before Sept. 5, 1818, Lot 177, (see William R. Slemmons). 

John Maholm, Aug.-Oct., 1806, Lot 70, (see Robert Kelly and 
Samuel Williams; also, Pritchard, Maholm, and Harris). 

John Marshall, Feb. 21, 1814, Lot 76, (deeded by John McGaughy). 

James Matthews, Feb. 29, 1848, Lot 153, (deeded by William Gil- 

Hines Mechan, Dec. 28, 1818, Lot 172, (deeded by Nathan Adams). 


Isaac Meek, Sept. 14, 1811, Lot 103. 

Isaac Miller, June 1, 1813, Lots 166 and 167. 

Francis Mitchell, before March 6, 1813, Lot 21, (see Jacob Arnold). 

James Moore, Sept. 11, 1816, Lot 184, (deeded by Andrew McXeely). 

Daniel Morris, Dec. 20, 1837, Lots 109 and 170, (deeded by Nathan 

William Orr, before Xov 14, 1809, Lot 89, (see Nathan Adams). 

Isaac Osburn, Sept. 17, 1814, Lot 53, (deeded by Eward Wood). 

Samuel Osburn, June 5, 1813, Lot 14G, (deeded by Jesse Sparks). 

John Ourant, July 24, 1809, Lot 102. 

Leonard Parrish, before Jan. 23, 1826, Lot 168, (see Mordecai Par- 

Mordecai Parrish, Jan. 23, 1826, Lot 168, (deeded by Leonard Par- 

Eebecca Paul, of Philadelphia, Oct. 17, 1808, Lot 69. 

Henry Pepper, Nov. 25, 1812, Lot 114; July 4, 1815, Lots 32, 38, 47. 

John Perry (or Parry), March 22, 1806, Lot 22. 

Stephen Perry May 2, 1815, Lot 182, (deeded by Andrew McNeely). 

John Pritchard, of Fayette county. Pa., April 9, 1806, Lot 87; Oct. 
17, 1808, Lot 85; Dec. 5, 1810, 5.74 acres adjoining the plat of Cadiz, and 
the laud of Abraham Forney; July 13, 1815, Lots 65 and 68. 

John Pritchard, John Maholm, and Joseph Harris, April 16, 1812, 
Lots 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 
26, 27, 28, 29, 34, 35, 36, 41, 42, 43, 44, 49, 50, 51, 56, 57, 60, 61, 62, 66, 
67, 71, 72, 73, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 118, 119, 121, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 
128, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 139, 140, 141. 

John Pugh, of Frederick county, Va., Dec. 8, 1806, Lot 14; April 
14, 1808, Lots 64 and 74; Nov. 24, 1809, Lot 75 and 78. 

John Kankin and Samuel Kankin, June 5, 1813, Lots 33, 37, 48, 52, 
(deeded by Daniel Workman). 

School Directors, June 1, 1837, Lot 199, (deeded by A. F. Hanna). 

John Sherrard, Aug. 4, 1811, Lot 130, (originally deeded to John L.- 

William Sherrard, April 4, 1811, Lot 137. 

Short Creek School House, April 15, 1812, Lot 15. 

James Simpson, Dec. 5, 1810, Lot 100. 

Sarah Simpson, April 22, 1816, Lots 151 and 152. 

William E. Slemmons, Sept. 5, 1818, Lot 177, (deeded by Andrew 


Jacob Siiediker, March 20, 1815, Lot 93. 

Adam Snider, Dec. 18, 1811, Lot 111, (deeded by Jacob Arnold). 
Martin Snyder, Aug. 11, 1806, Lot 8G. 

Jesse Sparks, before June 5, 1836, Lot 116, (see Samuel Osburn). 
Eobert Stephens, of Fayette comity. Pa., Feb. 4, 1812, two acres 
adioininff the northwest corner o£ Cadiz. 


John Stoakes, March 25, 1811, Lot 34, (deeded by George Bohrer). 

Thomas Stoakes, before June 18, 1814, Lot 84, (see Eobert Croskey). 

Henry Stubbins, Oct. 30, 182?, Lot 179, (deeded by Andrew Mc- 

John Sutlers, May 24, 1814, Lot 147, (deeded by Kins Cahill). 

Abraham Timmons, May 18, 1822, Lot 5. 

Benjamin Timmons, May 10, 1849, Lot 180, (deeded by William Tim- 

William Timmons, before ]\Iay 10, 1849, Lot 180, (see Benjamin 

Easter Tingley, April 15, 1812, Lot 101. 

Philip Trine, before Aug. 3, 1836, Lot 195, (see James Allen). 

William Vaughn, March 7, 1812, Lot 149, (deeded by Jacob Arnold). 

John Ward, Aug. 15, 1815, Lot 80, (deeded by Daniel Workman). 

George White, Aug. 6, 1833, Lot 194, (deeded by William Knox). 

Samuel Williams, before May 14, 1814, Lot 70, (see Robert Kelly and 
John Maholm). 

Peter Wilson, June 25, 1807, Lot 31. 

Edv/ard Wood, before Sept. 17, 1814, Lot 53, (see Isaac Osburn). 
'Daniel Workman, before June 5, 1813, Lots 33, 37, 48, 52, (see John 
and Samuel Rankin); before Aug. 15, Lot 80, (see John Ward). 

Sarah Young, Dec. 31, 1806, Lot 13, (deeded by William Foster). 

In the foregoing list it will be observed that on April 16, 1812, all 

the lots remaining unsold in the original plat were conveyed to Pritchard, 

Maholm, and Harris. Joseph Flarris transferred his interest in these 

■ lots to John Pritchard and John Maholm, who later conveyed them as 

follows: ■ 

John Burn.^, Lot 97, May 27, 1815. 

James McC. Galbraith, Lots 66 and 67, Sept. 3, 1817. 

William Grimes, Lot 136, May 24, 1814. 

John Hanna, Lots 125, 126, and 141, June 29, 1814. 

Conrad llilligas, Lots 28, 42, and 43, June 18, 1814. 

Phineas Inskeep, Lots 1, 2, 16, 17, 18, 19, June 10, 1814. 


William Jamison, Lots 118, 133, and 134, July 25, 1814. 

Eobert Kelley, Lots 8, 10, 35, 26, 27, May 14, 1814. 

Jacob Kidwiler, Lot 50, April 4, 1817. 

Samuel McFadden, Lot 73, June 18, 1819. 

Andrew McNeely, Lots 119, 132, and 135, May 27, 1814. 

James Means, Lot 121, Aug. 17, 1816; Lots 94, 95, and 96, Aug. 29, 

Trustees Methodist Episcopal Church, Lot 3, April 20, 1810. 

John Pugh, Lots 57 and 61, Jan. 20, 1815. 

Zachariah Pumphrey, Lot 12, Jime 10, 1814; Lots 56 and 62, before 
Aug. 31, 183 6, (see Michael Swagler); Lot 71, Jan. 6, 1817; Lot 6, March 
7, 1817; Lot 23, before March 27, 1817, (see Joseph White). 

John and Samuel Eankin, Lots 34, 35, 36, June 14, 1814. 

John Pea, Lots 29, 41, and 44, May 3, 1817. 

Philip Eiley, Lot 98, April 22, 1816. 

Thomas Shaw, Lot 72, July 25, 1814. 

Sarah Simpson, Lots 128 and 139, April 22, 1816. 

John Speer, Lot 51, Jan. 28, 1824. 

Michael Swagler, Lots 5() and 62, Aug. 31, 1816, (deeded by Zach- 
ariah Pumphrey). 

John Timmons, Lot 20, Jan. 31, 1824. 

Moses Frquehart, Lot 49, Jan. 27, 1824. 

William Waddle, Lots 124, 127, and 140, Feb. 23, 1814. 

Joseph White, Lot 23, March 27, 1817, (deeded by Zachariah Pum- 

The total number of lots in the original phit of Cadiz, as laid out 
by Biggs and Beatty in 1804, was 141. The firsi addition to the village 
was platted about 1812 by Jacob Arnold, who kept tavern in a log-cabin 
standing on the lot now occupied by Mr. F. J. Wagner. Arnold's addition 
consisted. of nine lots, numbered from 142 to 150. These are the lots on 
the southwest side of Market street ("Gimlet Hill"), lying between Buf- 
falo street and the alley opposite the old home of the Boggs family. The 
deed for the first one of these lots sold bore date May 13, 1812. A second 
addition was platted by Messrs. Pritchard and Maholm on May 24, 1813, 
containing seventeen lots, numbered from 151 to 167, forming the irregu- 
lar block lying between Market, Buffalo, and Spring streets, and the 
Cemetery avenue. A fourth addition was platted by Nathan Adams, 
containing nine lots, numbered from 168 to 176, from which the first lot 
was sold Feb. 4, 1815. These lots lie along the southwest side of Bing- 


ham avenue. Another addition, also containing nine lots, Tvas platted 
by Andrew McN"eely Ma}^ 1, 1815, the lots numbering from 177 to 185. 
These lie along the northeast side of Spring street, southeast of Buffalo. 
Another addition, comprising lots 186 to 193, laid out by James Arnold 
March, 15, 1815, extend along the southwest side of South street, be- 
tween Main and Ohio, now occupied in part by the residence of Mr. Gar- 
ret Shank. Lots 194 to 198 were platted by William Knox May 25, 1836, 
and extend from Muskingum street down the northeast side of Market, 
to the beginning of Lincoln avenue. Lot 199 was platted by Andrew 
P. Hanna June 1, 1837, when he deeded it to the school directors. It is 
now partly occupied by the residence of Melford J. Brown, Jr. 

Besides the above, Messrs. Pritchard and Maholm platted a second 
addition to Cadiz, which was filed May 24, 1813, consisting of a dozen 
lots, which were sold to the following purchasers: 

John Braden, Lot 13, May 8, 1818. 

Eowland Craig, Lot 12, July 4, 1816. 

John Hanna, Lot 5, Dec. 2, 1818. 

Thomas Hogg, Lot 11, May 8, 1846. 

John Maholm, Lots 7, 8, and 9, June 29, 1824. 

James Means, Lots 1, 2, 3, and 4, before June 2, 1825, (see William 

Matthew Simpson, Lot 6, April 22, 1816. 

William Tingley, Lots 1, 2, 3, and 4, June 2, 1825, (deeded by James 

Another addition to Cadiz, containing eight lots, was platted b^ 
Jacob Arnold, and the plat filed March 30, 1816, which was some two 
years after all the lots had been sold. The purchasers of these lots were 
as follows: 

Nathan Adams, Lot 7, March 25, 1813. 

Daniel Arnold, Lot 8, May 15, 1812. 

Benjamin Bennett, Lot 5, Sept. 18, 1813. 

James Boyd, Lots 2 and 3, Xov. 26, 1812. 

John Braden, Lot 1, Jan. 1, 1813. 

Phineas Inskeep, Lot 6, Nov. 28, 1812. 

Willianl Vaughn, Lot 4, March 7, 1812. 

In Brown's "Western Gazetteer, or Emigrant's Directory, published 
by Samuel R. Brown, at Auburn, N. Y., in 1817, may be found a brief 
description of the counties and towns of Ohio. Mr. Brown states that 
"Harrison county is settled chiefly by emigrants from Pennsylvania. 


Cadiz, a small village of twenty houses, is situated on a hill, twenty-six 
miles west of Steubenville, on the Zanesville road. This county has four 
or five other villages, mostly new and Bmall." 

The following extracts from the diary of Dr. Eichard Lee Mason 
Avill not be without interest in connection with the history of Harrison 
comity before 1820. In the fall of 1819, he emigrated from Maryland to 
Illinois. His diary is now in possession of his daughter, who resides in 
Jacksonville, 111.; and it was printed by the Chicago Kecord in the daily 
issues of that paper during the early part of January, 1897. Dr. Mason, 
with his friend, Dr Hall, left Philadelphia for the West on Monday, 
October 4, 1819. They reached Pittsburg on October 12th. From there, 
the journal proceeds: 

Oct. 15. Left Pittsburgh at seven o'clock. Traveled over a poor 
and hilly country for thirty-six miles. Passed a few travelers bound to 
Ohio. . . . Crossed the Ohio river after night at Steubenville. Stopped 
at Jenkinson's, an intelligent, gentlemanly, hospitable man. Visited the 
market. Beef, good, six and a quarter cents a pound. 

Oct. 16 Kainy day, fatigued by broken country, determined 

to spend this day in Steubenville, a busy little village on the bank of the 
Ohio. Purchased a plain Jersey wagon and harness for $60. 

Oct. 18. Myself and friend proceeded on our journey. We ar- 
at Siers' [Sears'], a distance of thirty miles, at dask, much relieved by 
the change from our horses to the wagon. The roads were muddy, the 
weather drizzly, and the country hilly. Buildings indifferent. The land 
was fertile and black. Trees uncommonly tall. Passed the little village 
of Cadiz. In this country, a store, a smith shop, and two or thice cabins 
make a town. Passed ten or fifteen travelers. Ojeat contrast between 
the quality of the land from Chambersburg to Pittsburg, and that which 
we have already traveled over from Steubenville, in Ohio. 

Oct. 19. Left Siers' at six o'clock a. m. The morning fair and cold. 
Roads extremely rough. Country fertile, but hilly. Log cabins, ugly 
women, and tall timber. Passed a little flourishing village called Free- 
port, settled by foreigners, Yankee Quakers, and mechanics. Remark- 
able, with two taverns in the village, there was nothing fit to drink, not 
even good water. The corn-fields in the woods, among dead trees, and 
the corn very fine. We arrived at Adair's, a distance of twenty-seven 
miles, at six o'clock p. m. Passed some peddlers and a few travelers. 
Value of land from Steubenville to Adair's, $2 to $30 per acre. 
Lots in Freeport, eighteen months old, from $30 to $100 

Oct. 20. Left Adair's at six o'clock, a. m. The country extremely 
hilly, and not quite so fertile. Independent people, in log cabins. They 
make their own clothes, sugar, and salt; and paint their own signs. They 
picture a lioii like a dove, a cat like a terrapin, and General Washington 



like a bird's nest. Salt wells and sugar orchards are common in 
this country. Steep hills, frightful precipices, little or no water, 
and even a scarcit}' of new wliiskey. Eagged and ignorant children, and 
but little appearance of industry. Met a number of travelers, inclining 
to the East, and overtook a larger number than usual, bound to the Land 
of ProKiise. The evening being rainy, the roads soon became muddy. 
We arrived at Silver's Travelers' Eest, at six o'clock. Distance, twenty- 
nine miles. Passed a little village called Cambridge. 

If good Dr. Mason could return to Harrison county now, and ride 
again over the road between Steubenville and Cambridge, doubtless he 
would find the trees not so tall, and certainly the women not ugly; but 
it is to be feared that the happy days of old will never return again to 
Harrison county, when it can be said of it that water there is scarcer 
than new whiskey. 




While it becomes necessary, in outlining the history of the early 
settlement of Harrison county, to make frequent and extended refer- 
ences to the organizations of the Presbyterian and United Presbyterian 
churches in the county, it should be understood that such reference is 
made solely for the purpose of enabling us to gain what light we may 
from such occasional facts as are preserved upon their records; and, while 
these records are sadly lacking in detail and continuity, and at best give 
us but occasional glimpses of the real life and growth of the communi- 
ties with which they are concerned, they are practically all we now have 
left in the way of contemporary data; and constitute the chief source of 
information in regard to Harrison county during the time its territory 
was still a part of Jefferson. 

The most valuable and least appreciated of these early records are 
the old tomb-stonea in the church graveyards. Taken together, they 
afford a more nearly complete roll of the early membership of the church 
and the settlement than we can now obtain from any other source. ]\Iuc]i 
valuable information is also furnished by the sessional records of the 
churches, where such have been kept, and the books preserved. It is 
much to be regretted that the session book of the Presbyterian church at 
Cadiz, which had been in use for, perhaps, more than half a century, was 
lost or mislaid a few years ago, and has never been recovered. 

The writer is fortunate in being able to present to the reader of 
these sketches a brief account of the beginnings of the early churches in 
Harrison county, written by the man who founded them, thus being in 
the nature of a contemporary document. This consists of an outline 


sketch of the history of the congregations of Rev. John Rea, the pioneer 
preacher of Harrison county; and it was written as a part of his farewell 
sermon delivered to the Beech Spring congregation in January, 1851. 

Before presenting Mr. Eea's sketch, let us survey his field of labor, 
and the conditions under which he entered it. 

The first Presbytery organized west of the Allegheny moun- 
tains was that of Redstone, erected by the Synod of New York 
and Philadelphia in May, 1781. Its territory embraced the present 
counties of Westmoreland, Fayette, Armstrong, Indiana, Allegheny, 
Beaver, Washington, and Greene, in Pennsylvania, and adjacent ter- 
tory, including the Panhandle of western Virginia. Its member- 
ship at the time of organization consisted of but four ministers, 
viz.. Revs. James Power, John McMillan, Thaddeus Dodd, and Joseph 
Smith. Within the next three years Revs. James Dunlap, John Clark, 
and James Finley were added to the Presbytery ;" and this organization 
continued to provide for the spiritual needs of the greater portion of the 
population west of the mountains until 1793. In that year, the Presby- 
tery of Redstone was divided, and that of the Ohio formed, — those minis- 
ters whose charges were nearest the river being detached from the parent 
body, and erected into the new Presbytery. They were John McMillan, 
John Clark, Joseph Patterson, James Hughes, and John Brice. 

The bounds of the Ohio Presbytery first extended to the Scioto, or be- 
yond; and nearly all of these original members of the Presbytery made 
missionary tours into Jefferson county before any churches were organ- 
ized in what is now the county of Harrison. The first regularly installed 
minister to preach to congregations, composed, at least, in part, of Harri- 
son county people, was Rev. Joseph Anderson, who was also the first min- 
ister installed by the Ohio Presbytery in what is now the State of Ohio. 
He was licensed by the Presbytery on October 17, 1798, and engaged at 
once in missionary work in the Western Territory, where he succeeded in 
gathering congregations at several points. On August 20, 1800, he was 
installed as pastor of the three churches of Richland (now St. Clairs- 
ville. Short Creek (now Mount Pleasant), and Cross Roads (now Crab- 
apple). If this congregation of Crabapple was the same as that now 
known by the name, and it probably was, then the latter must claim 
priority in organization over that of Beech Spring; although the year of 
its erection is usually given as 1804. From the fact that Mr. Anderson 
gave up the charge of Crabapple in 1802, however, it is possible that 
the people there were not sufficiently strong numerically to sustain a 


minister, even for one-third of his time, and that its permanent organiza- 
tion was accordingly deferred until after Mr. Rea was settled at Beech 
Spring. Eobert McCnllough represented Crabapple Church, as an elder, 
at a meeting of the Presbytery in 1801. 

Mr. Anderson was ordained by Eev. John McMillan, at Crabapple. 
but his principal congregation was that now known as Mount Pleasant; 
and there can be no reasonable doubt that many of the then residents of 
Short Creek township who were inclined to be church-going people were 
members of the congregation, and some of them communicants, of the 
church of Mount Pleasant. The first ruling elders of that church were 
Eichard McKibben, Thomas McCune, James Clark, and James Eagleson. 

It was not until the years 1803 and 1803 that the settlers began to 
come in large numbers to that part of the county now comprising the 
townships of Short Creek, Green, Cadiz, and Athens. A year later 
(1804), John Eea was licensed by the Presbytery of Ohio, and entered this 
field as a supply for the people of Beech Spring and Crabapple. 

Eev. John Eea was born in Tully, Ireland, in 1772, the son of Joseph 
and Isabel Eea. About the year 1790 he emigrated to America, and first 
resided in Philadelphia for a short time. He left there, on foot, and 
started for the west, traveling usually without company; and, after cross- 
ing the mountains, located in Washington county, where, in 1793, he 
married Elizabeth Christy. He made his home for a time in the house 
of James Dinsmore, then a ruling elder of Upper Buffalo church, by 
whom he was encouraged and assisted in his attempts to gain an educa- 
tion. A few years later, he entered Jefferson College, and was graduaiod 
in 1802, being one of the members of the first class graduated at that in- 
stitution. On August 22, 1805, having been duly called by the congre- 
gations which he had served as supply, Mr. Eea was ordained and in- 
stalled as pastor of Beech Spring and Crabapple. In April, 1810, he 
was released from Crabapple, and thenceforth gave all his time to Beech 
Spring, where he continued in active charge until 1848, although not 
finally severing his connection with that church until some three years 
later. He died February 12, 1855. 

The work of Dr. Eea has been summed up in a few words by Eev, W. 
F. Hamilton, in his History of the Presbytery of Washington, who says: 

Dr. Eea was in an eminent sense a pioneer minister. His early 
labors were largely evangelistic. Several churches now exist on the terri- 
tory once wholly occupied by him. It may safely be said that no man 



exerted a greater influence than did he in forming the religious character 
of the early inhabitants of a large section of Eastern Ohio. 


In the words of Dr. Crawford, "the early history, not only of this 
vicinity [Nottingham], but of the Presbyterian Church in Eastern Ohio, 
is closely connected with the biography of Dr. Eea. In the early part of 
his public work he was remote from his clerical brethren. In the whole 
region that now embraces the territory of four Presbyteries, in the east- 
ern part of this state, there were but six Presbyterian ministers, where 
there are now [1888] over one hundred; and not more than twelve or 
fifteen churches, where there are now one hundred and eighty-five. Such 
. a man as Dr. Eea was destined to make and leave an impression behind 
him — an impression not easily erased from the minds of those multitudes 
acquainted with his early self-denial and successful labors." 

He is quoted by Dr. Crawford as saying near the close of his life: 
" My early toils and dreary travels were on horseback, through the bounds 
of your present charge, as also through a large district of country, mostly 
traversing paths through an unbroken wilderness; and wherever an early 
settler was found, and, more especially, wherever and whenever I heard of 
one in our communion, him I visited, by day and by night, at all seasons 
of the year." 

An examination of the records of the Presbytery of the Ohio, now in 
possession of Dr. W. J. Holland, of the Carnegie Museum at Pittsburo-h, 
shows an application for supplies for the people of Indian Short Creek 
to have been made on October 19th, 1802, the Presb3^tery then beino- in 
session at West Liberty. On Wednesday, October 20th, Mr. James 
Hughes was appointed to siipply "at Daniel Welsh's on Short Creek the 
third Sabbath of December, and Mr. [George M.] Scott on the first Sab- 
bath of x\pril." The Presbytery met at Washington, Pa., again in Janu- 
ary, 1803, and on Wednesday, the 19th, Jacob Lindley was appointed to 
supply at "Welch's, on Indian Short Creek, on the second Sabbath of 
March." In June, 1803, Presbytery met at Ten Mile, and on Wednesday 
the 29th, applications for supplies were received from the "heads of In- 
dian Wheelin [Crabapple] and Short Creek." Eev. Joseph Anderson 
was appointed to preach at head of Indian Wheeling creek on the first 
Sabbath in August; and Eev. James Snodgrass, at Welch's, on the second 
Sabbath of July. At Montour's, on Wednesday, Oct. 19, 1803, the Pres- 
bytery received an application for supplies from "Welsh's on Indian 
Short Creek," and Mr. Hughes was appointed for the first Sabbath in 


April, 1804. At Ten Mile, on Wednesday, Dec. 14, 1803, Mr. Nicholas 
Pittinger was appointed to supply at "Crabapple on the third Sabbath 
of January, and at Beech Spring on the fourth Sabbath of January." 
This is the first time these two congregations appear on the records of 
Presbytery under the names by which they have since been known. On 
Tuesday, April 17th, 1804, Presbytery having met at Cross Eoads (in 
Washington county. Pa.), applications for supplies were again received 
from Crabapple and Beech Spring; and on the 19th, Bev. Samuel Eal- 
ston was directed to preach at Crabapple one Sabbath at discretion, and 
Eev. Joseph Anderson at Beech Spring on the third Sabbath of May, and 
at Crabapple one Sabbath at discretion. 

At the meeting of Presbytery held at Cross Creek, Washington 
county. Pa., on Wednesday, June 27th, 1804, John Eea, as the name 
appears on the records, was licensed to preach. On the following day, 
Mr. Eea was appointed to preach at Beech Spring on the first Sabbath 
in August, at Crabapple on the second Sabbath in August, at "Still- 
water" (this may have been ^Nottingham or Cadiz), on the fourth Sab- 
bath of September, and at Crabapple again on the fifth Sabbath of Sep- 
tember. On the same day, Eev. William McMillan (afterwards president 
of Franklin College), was appointed to supply at Beech Spring on the 
third Sabbath of September. At the meeting of Presbytery at Eaccoon, 
on October IG, 1804, applications for further supplies were received from 
Beech Spring and Crabapple. On Thursday, the 18th, Eev. Joseph Pat- 
terson and Eev. Elisha Macurdy were appointed to preach at Beech 
Spring on the second Sabbath of November, and to administer the Lord's 
Supper. Mr. Anderson was also appointed to preach there on the fourth 
Sabbath of November, and at Crabapple, on the first Sabbath of the fol- 
lowing April. Mr. John Brice was appointed to preach at Crabapple on 
the third Sabbath of November. "Mr. Eea, being appointed by Synod 
to itinerate as a missionary, no appointments are to be made him prior 
to next meeting of Presbytery." The next meeting was held at Cross 
Creek on Christmas Day, 1804, and Mr. Eea was appointed to supply at 
Beech Spring on the first and third Sabbaths of February, and at Crab- 
apple on the second and fourth Sabbaths of the same month. 

Presbytery met at West Liberty again in April, 1805, and on the 
16th instant, "a call was presented for Mr. Eea from the united con- 
gregations of Crabapple and Beech Spring, which being read, was put 
into his hands for consideration." Mr. Eea having signified his accept- 
ance of the call, the Presbytery, on Thursday, April 18th, "agreed to 


proceed to the ordination of Mr. Rea in August next, provided the way 
be clear, and appointed him to prepare and deliver a sermon on Isaiah, 
Iv., 7, as part of trial. Mr. Brice was appointed to preach the ordination 
sermon, and Mr. Macurdy to preside and give the charge." The Pres- 
bytery met at Crabapple on Tuesday, August 20th, 1805, and on the 22d 
of the same month, "the Presbytery proceeded to the ordination of Mr. 
Rca, and did with fasting and prayer, and the laying on of the hands of 
ihe Presbytery, solemnly ordain him to the holy office of the Gospel 
ministry, and installed him. as pastor of the united congregations of 
Crabapple and Beech Spring. Mr. Brice preached on the occasion, and 
T\rr. Macurdy presided and gave the charge." 

The size of Mr. Eea's congregation at the time of his installation, 
and for some years thereafter, may be very closely approximated from 
the reports preserved in the records of Ohio Presbytery. On April 16th, 
1806, less than eight months after the beginning of his pastorate, the 
Presbytery, having met at Upper Buffalo, "called on each member to re- 
port the number of existing communicants in the congregation, and the 
number of persons baptized." Mr. Rea reported that Beech Spring and 
Crabapple had 131 communicants, and that ten infants had been bap- 
tized by him since the beginning of his ministry. The next report, under 
date of Dec. 20th, 1808, shows but 109 members in communion, fxfteen 
having been added during the past year, and thirty-five infants baptized. 
On January 9th, 1810, the total communicants were 191, fourteen hav- 
ing been added during the past year, and twenty-five infants baptized. 
At this meeting of Presbytery, Mr. Rea reported that the congregation of 
Crabapple was in debt to him in the sum of sixty dollars, which became 
due on the 16th instant. On October 17th, of the same year, the report 
shows 146 communicants, fifteen having been added since last report, 
and eighteen infants baptized. On April 21st, 1812, there were 119 com- 
municants, twenty-seven having been added during the year, and one 
adult and twenty-nine infants baptized. April 19th, 1814, the number of 
communicants was 185, twenty-five having been added, and four adults 
and thirty-two infants baptized. April 18th, 1815, there were 201 mem- 
bers, sixteen having been added, and twenty-three infants baptized. On 
April 16th, 1816, the total number of members was 222, of whom thirtv- 
three had been added during the year, and fifty-five infants baptized. 
April 15th, 1817, the report showed a total communion of 239, thirty- 
three having been added during the year, and three adults and thirty- 
three infants having been baptized. 



The following is a part of the farewell sermon delivered by Rev. 
John Eea, at Beech Spring Church, in January, 1851: 

I have come here to-day, in somewhat feeble health, to discharge 
what I deem a solemn duty; to take my leave of, and bid a final adieu to a 
church that has been imder our care, and where we have lived and labored 
for nearly half a century — a church where we have lived to see one gener- 
ation pass all away, and another rise in its room. 

That justice, m some measure, may be done thereto, reference must 
be had to her early history, and to some of the changes that have shaped 
her destiny thus far. 

To prevent being tedious, we shall do little more than outline it. 

This church was organized some time in the fall of the year 1803, by 
two Rev. Fathers, Patterson and Macurdy, who are now no more. Three 
persons were chosen, and set apart at the time as ruling elders, and a 
communion followed. This appears to have been the beginning, the 
mornins; of the existence of what has since been called Beech Spring, a 
name said to have been given to it by Mr. [Daniel] Welch, and took its 
rise from a group of beech trees that enclosed a large spring of water on 
a lot of fiveacres he had generously donated for the use of the church, 
on the west corner of his section. 

The year following another young man and myself, of the first class 
of students that graduated at Jefferson College, having finished a course 
of Theoloo-ical studies under the direction of Rev. Dr. McMillan, were 
licensed to preach the Gospel by the Presbytery of Ohio, June, 1804. 
After a tour of three months through the interior of this State, and an- 
other up the Allegheny towards the Lakes, the winter following I supplied 
here, and at Crabapple, by order of Presbytery. In April, a joint call 
was prepared by these two congregations, then in union, and forwarded 
to Presbytery signed by the following persons, viz: John Miller, S. Dun- 
lap, W. Watt, Henry Ferguson, Jesse Edgington, D. Welch, Esq., and 
William Harvey. You will readily excuse me in the mentioning of these 
names, when it is remembered that these were the men who founded the 
Church of Beech Spring; these were the men who called me, who first 
gave me the hand of fellowship, and welcomed me to these woods; most 
of whom I remember with affection, and would gladly visit were they liv- 
ing; but they are no more; the last died the other day. This call being 
acce'pted, I was accordingly ordained and installed pastor of the united 
conoregation of Crabapple and Beech Spring by the Presbytery of Ohio, 
Au'nist' 1805. [The first elders of Crabapple were Robert McCullough, 
WiHiam McCullough, and David Merritt. ] 

The field covered by these two societies, at the time of our settle- 
ment, was very extensive, and the labor proportionably great. Crabap- 
ple claimed as being within her bounds, the whole extent of country be- 
tween the south fork of Short creek and the farthermost part of Notting- 
ham. Beech Spring was equally, if not still more extensive, including 


the entire region of country from the Piney Fork and the Flats, on west 
to Stillwater. All passed under the general name of Beech Spring. 
There was no Smithtield, nor Bloomfield, nor any other field, whereby to 
fix our limits. All was Jefferson county, and Steubenville, the seat of 

Over all this extensive field, claimed by both churches, we had to 
travel. Wherever one was found, or whenever we heard of one in our 
connection, him we must visit; day and night, summer and winter, all 
seasons of the year, without a road in most places, save the mark of an axe 
or the bark of a tree, or the trail of an early Indian. ISTo man that now 
comes in among us at this distant day, and highly improved state of the 
coimtry, can so much as conjecture the labor and fatigue of the primitive 
pioneers of the Ohio forests, out of which the savage had just begun to re- 
cede, but continued still in large encampments in some places, near the 
skirtings of little societies, where the few came together to worship under 
the shade of a green tree. 

The two churches under our care lay nearly twelve miles apart. 
]\rany Sabbath mornings, in the dead of winter, I had to travel ten miles 
to the place of meeting in Crabapple, having no road but a cow-path, 
and the underwood bent with snow over me all the way. Worn down by 
fatigue, and frequently in ill-health, I was more than once brought near 
the confines of the grave. 

In all the region around, there were but two clerical brethren who 
could afPord me any assistance, where now there are two Presbyteries and 
well-nigh thirty preachers. Notwithstanding all this, I must say of those 
early times, as Jehovah once said of Israel, eight hundred years after, "I 
remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thy espousals, when 
thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land that was not sown." 
Those were the best times, and that generation, that Israel, as a nation, 
ever saw. During the first years of these two congregations, a great and 
good Providence was evidently seen over them. They prospered exceed- 
ingly. Their increase was unprecedented; within our knowledge, we have 
seen nothing like it; without anything very special that could be called 
a revival (though something of the effects of the great western, revival 
still remained, and appeared at times in our meetings), yet so rapid was 
their growth, that in less than five years each became able to support a 
minister all his time. 

Accordingly^, in April, 1810, the union existing between these 
churches was by mutual consent dissolved, and the way opened for each 
to employ a pastor. Shortly after, a call was prepared by this congrega- 
tion for the whole of oar time, and received through the same Presbytery 
as before. About this time there were several small societies forming at 
some distance from us, and appeared to be promising. From one of 
these societies an earnest request was forwarded to the session at Beech 
Sjiring, that some part of their pastor's time might be granted them. 
With tliis request the congregation complied, and for some years the 
fourth of our time was spent in laying the foundation of what has since 



become a numerous and respectable congregation, known by the name of 
the Iiidge. 

After the division of Jefferson county had taken place, and a new 
county formed out of it, Cadiz, then a small village, became the Seat of 
Justice of Harrison county. This village lay within our limits, and was 
considered a part of our congregation. Here we organized a church, at 
the request of the villagers, and labored a part of our time for three 
years; since which our ministry has been chiefly confined to this place 

For several years after, this church continued still more to increase, 
until she became, as was generally supposed, the largest in the State of 
Ohio. Out of this congregation, at different periods, there have been 
formed not less than six contiguous organized chiirches. Still, she con- 
tinued to maintain her standing entire, until April, 1848, when age and 
infirmity made it necessary that I should resign, and the pastoral relation 
of forty-three years was at length dissolved. 

Having thus briefly outlined the history of this church, — for 
"Why should the wonders He has wrought. 
Be lost in silence and forgot." 
some notice is due to its officers. 

In the Presbyterian Church the membership of elder is recognized 
in all her courts. The interest this class of men take, or the course of 
conduct pursued by them, Avill go far in shaping the destiny, the well- 
being, or ill-being of any church. In the organizing of this church at 
first I had no concern; it took place before my settlement. But in the 
course of years, as the congregation increased, frequent additions had to 
be made, until at one time we had not less than ten members in session. 
All were chosen by the people, and ordained by myself, with the excep- 
tion of three, viz: James Kerr, Sr., John McCuilough, Esq., and Dr. 
Thomas Vincent. These were valuable men, and useful members of the 
session. They obtained their ordination elsewhere, and were received as 
such here. 




Harrison county was erected from parts of JeflFerson and Tuscarawas. 
As at first constituted, tlie county included the southern portion of Car- 
roll county; while the western half of Franklin and nearly all of Mon- 
roe townships were retained by Tuscarawas county. Carroll county was 
erected in 1833, from parts of Jefferson, Harrison, Columbiana, Stark, 
and Tuscarawas, which left the northern boundary of Harrison as it is 
to-day. The original townships of Jefferson county, which covered nearly 
all of the present territory of Harrison, were Short Creek and Archer. 
As organized in 1803, Short Creek township included all the present 
townships of Nottingham, Moorfield, Cadiz, Athens, Short Creek, and the 
south three-sevenths of Green, besides three tiers of sections in Jeffer- 
son covmty; while Archer included the eastern halves of Monroe and 
I'ranklin, all of Xorth, Stock, Eumley, Archer, and German, and the 
north four-sevenths of Green, besides the southern tier of sections in 
Carroll and the northwestern portion of Jefferson counties. 

Harrison county was organized under an act of the Legislature 
passed January 2, 1813, to take effect January 1, 1814. On January 12, 
1813, the Legislature amended the act, making it take effect February 1, 
1813, which, accordingly, is the date of erection of the county. On 
January 14, 1813, the Legislature appointed three commissioners, to lo- 
c;;te the county-seat for the new county, and named Messrs. Jacob Myers, 
Joseph Eichardson, and Eobert Speer for this purpose. On the fifteenth 
of the following April, these commissioners made their report to the 


common-pleas court for Jefferson county, naming the village of Cadiz as 
the county-seat. 

While Harrison county was still included within the territory of 
J efferson, the second war with Great Britain broke out. Jefferson county 
furnished at least one full regiment, consisting of thirteen companies 
and 1065 men, and contributed to the formation of others. The officers 
of the regiment were as follows : 

Lieutenant-Colonel, John x\ndrew; majors, Thomas Glenn, James 
Campbell, George Darrow, Jacob Frederick; adjutant, Mordecai Bartley; 
surgeon, Thomas Campbell; quartermaster, Jacob Van Horn; sergeant- 
major, John B. Dowden; quartermaster-major, John Patterson; drum- 
major, John McClintock; fife-major, John Niel; captains, (1) Aaron Al- 
len, (2) Thomas Latta, (3) John Alexander, (4) John Allen Scroggs, (5) 
.Tames Alexander (6) Nicholas Murray, (7) William Faulk, (8) Jacob Gil- 
bert, (9) Joseph iiolmes, (10) James Downing, (11) Joseph Zimmerman, 
(13) David Meek, (13) William Stoakes; lieutenants (in same relative 
order with captains, as to their companies, (1) John Vantillburg, (2) 

Hugh Christy, (3) , (1) John Eamsey, (5) HerO^y Bayless, (6) 

Nathan Wintringer, (7) John Berkdell, (8) John Teeton, (9) William 
Thorn and John Ramsay, (10) Peter Jackson, (11) James Kerr, (13) 
Joseph Davis, (13) Thomas Orr; ensigns (in same relative order with 
captains and lieutenants, as to their companies), (1) William Mills, (2) 
William Pritchard, (3) David Jackson, (4) John Caldwell, (5) John Myers, 
(6) John Carroll, (7) Jacob Grauss, (8) Abraham Fox and Conrad Myers, 
(9) Gavin Mitchell, (10) Thomas Smith, (11) Conrad Myers, (12) Jacob 
Sheffer, (13) John Caldwell. 

Of the companies enumerated in the foregoing list, at least three 
were enlisted wholly or in part within the territory of Harrison county. 
The first was that of Cajitain Joseph Holmes. Follov,dng is a muster-roll 
of this Company, taken from the records of the Adjutant-General's office 
at Columbus, under date of August 36, 1813: 

Captain, Joseph Holmes; lieutenants, William Thorn and John Eam- 
sev ensign, Gavin Mitchell; sergeants, Francis Popham, James Gilmore, 
Alexander Smith, John McCully; corporals, Edward Van Home, John 
Pollock, Thomas McBride, Joseph Hagerman; drummers, John McClin- 
tock, James Robb; privates (enlisted to serve from Aug. 26, 1812, to Feb. 
28, 1813), Rezin Arnold, James Arnold, Samuel Arnold, Anthony Asher, 
William Barcus, James Belch, James Brown, George Brokaw, John 
Brottle (also written Br4ttel), David Briggs, George Carpender, Philip 


Cahill, James Cliaffin, i'indley Elliott, Thomas Elliott, Isaac Edgington, 
John Ferguson, Thomas Ferguson, Benjamin Foster, Thomas Glass, 
Samuel Gilpin, John Guttery, William Harper, Isaac Henry, Joseph 
Hughes, John Harriman, John Hawthorne, Khesa Kendall, Matthew 
Kelly, Samuel Kerr, William Kyle, Jacob Lanning, Kichard Logan, John 
Leach, James Long, Benjamin McClery (also written McClay), James 
Minnis, George McElroy, Patrick H. Madden, James McCullough, Charles 
McMillan, Iiobert_Maxwell, Thoma s McDona ld, James Moore, William 
McClintock,''john'McCoi-mick, Thomas McFadden, Jacob Meek, Jacob 
Osburn, Jacob Osier, John Parks, Hugh Porter, Richard Ross, Jeremiah 
Roach, Ebenezer Roach, Isaac Skeels, Charles Smith, James Sankey, 
Henry Snider, Joseph Strahl, George Sullivan, David Stevens, Luke Tip- 
ton, William Tipton, Jonathan Tipton, Isaac Van Bibber, Joseph White. 
Most of these privates re-enlisted for the spring campaign of 1813, as 
\^ ell as the following in addition (enlisted to serve from Jan. 1, to April 
13, 1813) : David Potts, Johnston RoSlins, John Robertson, Charles Rob- 
ertson; (enlisted to serve from Jan. 1, to Feb. 28, 1813): John Scholes, 
Jonathan Wist (or West), Edward Yealdhall. 

Captain Aaron Allen's 'company was also largely recruited in Har- 
rison county, and the adjoining townships of Jefferson and Belmont, the 
most of the company enlisting for six months' service, from September, 
1813, to March, 1813. The roll of this company is as follows: 

Captain, Aaron Allen; lieutenant, John A^antilburg; ensign, William 
Mills; sergeants, James Clare, John Farquer, Richard Shaw, Thomas 
Henderson; corporals, Christopher Abel, Hugh Livingston, James John- 
ston, David Workman; privates, Philip Ault, James Ayres, Samuel 
Avery, Anthony Asher, Benjamin Abel, John Barr, Robert Bay, Fred- 
erick Burchfield, Adam Beamer, Nehemiah Brown, Emery Burris, Wil- 
liam Brown, Obadiah Barnes (or Burns), Lewis Corbet, Ryan Carter, 
Alexander Campbell, John Close, Alexander Conn (or Cann), Alexander 
Crawford, John Carson, Samuel Carson, Joseph Caughey, Henry Davis, 
John Degoir, Tliomas Duvall, Anthony Doyell, James Ellison, David 
Freet, Abram Flecker, Frederick Fisher, John Fisher, Michael Fivecoats, 
John George, Thomas Graden, Martin Grim, Joseph Gibson, Michael 
Gladman, John Hitchcock, John Hardenbrook, James Hill, Jerome Har- 
denbrook, James Hukill, Samuel Ilolley, Joseph Haverfield, Jacob Han- 
ing, William Hill, John Harriman, John Have, John Hickory, Nathaniel 
Jinnings, John James, James Kean, Samuel Kerr, John Lyons, John 
Loguc, John Lyon, Samuel Lane. Samuel Lees, Robert Lisle, Emanuel 


]\ryers, John Moody, James Mays, William ]\TcCloud, Thomas Mays, 
Joseph Mallen, William Montgomery, James Moorehead, Jacob Myers, 
Thomas McMles, William McColly, Samuel Main, Robert McClerg, Felix 
McClelland, David McCaskey, William McClintoek, Jacob Miller, Isaac 
Pugh, Thomas Packman, George Palmer, John Peterson, John Quinn, 
Adam Qnillen, William Eutledge, Robert Ralston, Robert Russel, Mathew 
Richeson (or Richardson), Daniel Rickey, Caleb Reynolds, James Ray, 
Job Ruysel, Benjamin Ritter, Joseph Ralston, James Stuart, Philip 
Shaifer, Jacob Shover (or Shawber), Allen Speed (or Speedy), John 
Stoakes, John Smith, Adam Simmons, Daniel Steven, Benjamin Sessions, 
John Skelton, William Skelton, Samuel Smith, John Shepherd, John 
Taylor, Moses Thompson, Nicholas Wheeler, Daniel Welch, Jr., John 

A third company was that of Captain Allen Scroggs, enlisted Sep- 
tember 21, 1812, to serve until November 30, 1812. The roll of this com- 
pany is as follows: 

Captain, John Allen Scroggs; lieutenant, John Ramsey; ensign, 
John Caldwell; sergeants, William Wilkin, William Dunlap, William 
Holson, William Robertson; corporals, Samuel Avery, Joseph Haverfield, 
John Conoway, John^ Wallace ; privates, Benjamin Abbott, Peter Bebout, 
John Brokaw, Farrington Barricklow, Adam Beamer, Homeny Buris, 
William Brokaw, Horace Belknap, Michael Conoway, James F. Carr, 
Archibald Fletcher, James Francis, Benjamin Foster, Michael Fivecoats, 
Michael Gladmore, Abraham Henary, John Hitchcock, Samuel Holly, 
William Hill, Edward Jack, Henry Johnson, Ebenezer Gray, Duber Law- 
rence, John Dewalt, David Finley, Samuel Lees, John McClay, John Mc- 
Cormick, Thomas McGonigle, James Moffit, Thomas McFadden, William 
IMcKain, Robert Mintier, Jacob Myers, William McCally, Charles Parson, 
Peter Pittenger, Alexander Porter, Stephen Perry, John Reed, John 
Reed, Jr., Samuel Reed, Charles Robertson, Moses Robb, Nicholas Shale, 
John Scholes, Samuel Smith, Charles Tenet, Moses Thompson, John 
AVelch, Archibald Wilkins, Edward Yielhall. 

It will be observed that many of these names are repeated on the 
rolls of two or three of the companies given above. This may have been 
caused by the transference from one company to the other, or by a tour 
of service in each one of the companies. 

Another Company was organized in Harrison county, before its sep- 
aration from Jeirerson, and took the field against Great Britain. This 
was the Company of Captain Baruch Dickerson, in service in 1814, 


Before giving its muster-roll, the following account of its organization 
and record may be repeated, the same having been dictated by the a«i-ed 
Joshua Dickerson, in two interviews had with him in the fall of 1896. 
Mr. Dickerson spoke as follows : 

"I was but six years old, or thereabouts, when the Indians living 
along Lake Erie made frequent marauding excursions through this part 
of the State. This was about the year 1810 or 1811. There were no in- 
cidents of cruelty in this immediate neighborhood, but apprehendino- 
well the danger that might be, the settlers sought to prevent further 
trouble. Although I was but a child, I remember well the occurrences; 
perhaps my memory of this is strengthened somewhat by having heard 
my father relate the matter repeatedly. 

"David Barrett, a Quaker, came to my father, and asked what he 
advised doing, to prevent trouble with the Indians. Father said, 'in time 
of peace, prepare for war,' and on election day a Militia Company was 
formed. After the election, the Company numbered sixty, and in a short 
time reached a hundred. David Barrett having organized the Companv 
was chosen its first captain; Samuel Gilmore, first lieutenant; John 
Jamison, second lieutenant. Two years later, Baruch Dickerson, havino- 
succeeded David Barrett as captain, the Company was called out to serve 
against the British, 

"The Company was to serve nine months, but was out only six. 
They went from Cadiz, first, to Steubenville, then north to Sandusk\r. 
During the whole six months there was no actual engagement; onlv on 
two or three occasions were any shots fired. The camp life was very dis- 
agreeable. At Sandusky, they camped in a swamp, where they\vere 
obliged to cut down cedar trees, roll the logs together, and cover them 
with cedar branches. These cedar branches formed their bed, and cover- 

"Samuel Gilmore was sick when they started home. He lived where 
Samuel Cochran now lives; he was a broad-shouldered, well-made man of 
about forty years, and had three or more children. Gilmore, two days 
before his discharge, being on the way back to Cadiz, took the fever, and 
not at that time having a horse, was in bad cDndition; and refusino- as- 
sistance from his comrades, walked thirty miles. Then the officers con- 
tributed sufficient money to purchase a horse, and Gilmore rode the re- 
mainder of the way to Cadiz, for the last two days of his march being held 
(m the horse by his companions. The Company reached Cadiz on a 
Saturday, where a large assemblage was waiting to welcome their return. 


Gilmore was able to recognize only his wife among the crowd; was at 
once conveyed to his home south of the village; and during the following 
vreek [Sept. 8, 1814], he died." 

The roll of Captain Baruch Dickerson's Company, as shown on the 
records of the Adjutant-General's office at Columbus, is given below, 
the Company forming a part of Lieutenant-Colonel William Cotgreve's 
(or Colgrove's) Second Eegiment of Ohio Militia. It will be observed that 
the titles of some of the officers diifer from those given in Mr. Dickerson's 
account. This may possibly be accounted for by the fact that it was cus- 
tomary for the militia companies of that day to elect new officers every 
year or so. The Company as made up to fight the British numbered but 
thirty-six men, and was enlisted March 12, 1814, for service until Septem- 
ber 13, 1814, as follows: 

Captain, Baruch Dickerson; lieutenant, John Jamison; ensign, Sam- 
uel Gilmore; sergeants, William Haverfield, Charles Holmes, Laken 
Wells; musicians, James Eobb, David Young; privates, Samuel Browning, 
Ezekiel Chambers, Samuel Carson, John Carson, Joseph Craig, Andrew 
Foster, Moses Foster, Michael Fivecoats, Isaac Hitchcock, James Haver- 
field, John Hurless, John Hovey, Sanmel Holmes, Elsy Holmes, James 
McConkey, Samuel McConkey, Aaron Mecham, Benjamin Nelson, Joseph 
Farrish, John Eichison, Francis Smith, David Scott, Bazaleel Steel, 
i'rancis Warpenboy, Nathaniel West, John Walraven, Henry Welday, 
George Young. 

While on the subject of the war with Great Britain, it will not be 
out of place to record in this place the names of some of the surviving 
soldiers of the Eevolutionary War, who afterwards located and lived in 
Harrison county. So far as known there are no printed records of these 
\eterans in existence, save the names of those who were pensioners, and 
as such enrolled on the pension lists of the Government. The first of 
these pension rolls was published by Congress about 1820, in volume 
four of Executive Papers, No. 55, first session of the Sixteenth Congress. 
In this roll, Avhich is very length}^, the pensioners are classified as to 
residence only by States, and it is not possible to determine to what 
counties they then belonged. In 1835, a second roll was printed by Con- 
gress, showing the pensioners then living, or whose heirs were drawing 
pensions, with their place of residence, and age. xo Harrison county at 
that time were credited the following: 

John Brannon, of the Pennsylvania Line, age, 89 years. 

Timothy Boyles, of the Delaware line, age, 96 years. 


Thomas Haley, of the j\Taryland Line, age, 74 years. 

Thomas Johns, of the Virginia Line, age, 93 years. 

James Larkins, of the Pennsylvania Line, died July 13, 1828, aged 
to years. 

Neal Peacock, of the Maryland Line, died Aug. 17, 1827, aged 7i 

John Parker, of the Pennsylvania Line, age, 68 years. 

Henry Eankin, of the Pennsylvania Line, age, 72 years. 

In the Government Census for 1840, a list of pensioners was pre- 
pared, and printed in the Census Eeport. This gave the names of all then 
drawing pensions for Eevolutionary, or other military service, which in- 
cluded pensioners of the War of 1812 and of the various Indian Wars. 
Harrison county then contained the following pensioned veterans: 

In Kumley township, George Dickerson, aged 94. 

In Washington township, John Parker, aged 81. 

In Cadiz village, William Boggs. 

In Cadiz township, Eobert xVlexander, aged 45; Charles D. Wells, 
aged 82. 

In Hanover village, Charles Conaway, aged 88. 

In North township, Mordecai Ames, aged 90. 

In Stock township, Frederick Walters, aged 80. 

In Kottingham township, William Todd, aged 84; Isaac Suddith, 
aged 80. 

The following letter, written by Walter B. Beebe, then a young law- 
yer, who had but recently emigrated to the West from his home in Massa- 
chusetts, gives an interesting description of the settlers and conditions 
which he found in the newly organized county, where he had determined 
to seek his fortune. It will be observed the letter bears a date scarcely 
two weeks later than the date of organization of the county: 

Cadiz, County of Harrison, State of Ohio, 

February 14, 1813. 
Honored Parents: — I take this opportunity to inform you that I 
am well and in good spirits. Since I left home, I have become tolerably 
well acquainted with the science of traveling. I started from St. Clairs- 
ville (the place from which I wrote you), on or about the 1st of Decem- 
ber, and took a convenient route through the middle section of this State, 
a route of about 500 miles. The more I get acquainted with this part of 
the country, the better I like it. It is certainly the best land I ever be- 
held. Judge Euggles went with me to Chillicothe, the seat of Govern- 
ment, at which place the Legislature was then sitting. I got acquainted 


with Governor Meigs, and many of the members, who all appear to be 
very friendly to young men emigrating to this part of the coun- 
try! Governor Meigs is a Yankee, from Middletown, Connecticut. At 
Clliillicothe, I was examined by the Judges of the Supreme Court of 
ihis State, and admitted to practice as an attorney and counsellor at law 
in the several courts of record in this Staate. I found a good many 
counties in my route, which I thought would be good places for an at- 
torne}^ but was induced to settle in this, the county-seat of Harrison 
county, from the following considerations, to-wit : Notwithstanding this 
county w^as set off and organized when I was in Chillicothe, yet it is an old 
settlement, and the settlers are generally rich. The inhabitants of this 
county, and counties adjoining, have but few Yankee settlers, but settled 
by Virginians, Pennsylvanians, Germans, Scotch, and Irish, who are more 
litigious and quarrelsome than the Yankees are, and pay their money 
niore freely. There is no lawyer in this county, and I have the assur- 
ance of being appointed State's attorney, which will be worth eighty a 
vcar, and will be attended with but very little trouble and very little incon- 
Venience to other business, being only barred in criminal prosecution 
from appearing against the State of Ohio. 

This county is so situated that there are five other counties within 
one day's ride of it, and it is the practice in this State for lawyers to 
])ractice in adjoining counties. It is the healthiest part of the State, 
and the water is good. These, together with other considerations, have 
induced me, after having been a bird of voyage for three months, to pitch 
on this place for my pexmanent home. 

This town is about twenty miles from the Ohio river, about seventy 
miles from Pittsburgh, and sixteen miles west of St. Clairsville. It is 
the shire-town of the county, and will soon be a populous town. I think 
my prospects are as good as a young man can reasonably expect, and I 
have no fear, if I have my health. 

I am in a land abounding in very many of the good things of this 
life. I have seen good pot-turkeys, weighing twenty pounds, sell for 
twenty-five cents; hens and chickens, six cents. Money is very plenti- 
ful in" this State, probably more plentiful than usual, owing to its being 
near the N. W. army. I remain, your dutiful son. 

To Capt. Stewart Beebe, WALTER B. BEEBE, 

Wilbraham, Hampden Co., Mass. ] 

It is to be regretted that somj3 of our eastern writers of American 
history, who have never been west of the Allegheny mountains, cannot 
have the advantage of a visit to Ohio, and learn as General Beebe did, 
that Yankees were exceedingly scarce there, outside of the Marietta and 
Western Reserve settlements. 

The first courts of Harrison county were held at the houses of 
ThomaiS Stokes and William Grimes. At a meeting of the county com- 






missioners held April 12, 1813, they entered into an agreement with the 
trustees of the Associate Eeformed congregation of Cadiz, leasing the 
meeting-house helonging to that society for the term of three years, for 
the purpose of h Iding the courts of the county. On October 24, 1815, 
this lease was extended for a second term of three years, or until the 
newly begun court-house of the county should be completed. The first 
terra of court was held in the house of Thomas Stokes on May 3, 1813. 
Very little business was transacted at this term. The second term was 
held August 24-26, 1813. Judges Benjamin Kuggles, President, and 
James Eoberts, Samuel Boyd, and Ephraim Sears, Associates, occupied 
the bench. The court appointed Walter B. Beebe as prosecuting attor- 
ney for Harrison county, and allowed him the sum of $33.33, as salary 
for his services during the August term. The first grand jury was com- 
posed of Andrew McISTeely, foreman, William Smith, Zachary Baker, 
William- Mercer, William Hamilton, Samuel Gilmore, William Moore, 
Thomas Hitchcock, John McConnell, William Conwell, Eichard McKib- 
ben, and John Taggart. On motion of Mr. Beebe, Eev. William Knox, 
a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, was licensed to officiate 
at marriages within the State of Ohio. The Court also licensed John 
Adams to keep a tavern at his place of residence in Nottingham town- 
ship, for the term of one year; and likewise, William Grimes and Messrs, 
Middle, Niel and Maholm, to keep taverns in the village of Cadiz. The 
first empanelled jury was composed of Messrs. John Paxton, Samuel Os- 
burn, Jonathan Seers, Eobert Croskey, Samuel Dunlap, James McMillan, 
Siimuel Huff, David Barrett, John Clark, Andrew Eichey, James Porter, 
and Benjamin Johnson. The grand jury returned one indictment for lar- 
ceny, four for riot, and seven for assault and battery; thus apparently _ 
vindicating Lawyer Beebe's judgment as to the quarrelsome character 
of some of the Ohio pioneers. 

The following named persons served on the judicial bench of Har- 
rison county prior to 1851: 

President Judges — Benjamin Euggles (1810 to 1814), George Tod 
(1814 to 181G), Benjamin Tappan (1816 to 1823), Jeremiah H. Hallock 
(1823 to 1836), George W. Belden (1837 to 1839), William Kennon (1840 
to 1846), Benjamin Cowan (1647 to 1852). 

Associate Judges — James Eoberts (1813 to 1819), Samuel Boyd 
(1813 to 1819), Ephraim Sears (1813 to 1818), Matthew Simpson (1818 
10 1819), Alexander Henderson (1819 to 1827), John McCullough (1830 
to 1834), John McCurdy (1820 to 1825), Thomas Bingham (1825 to 1839), 


David Campbell (1S27 to 1829), John McBean (1829 to 1836), Robert 
Maxwell (1834 to 1841), Alexander Patterson (1836 to 1841), John Hanna 
(iSiO to 1846), SamuelMoorehead (1841 to 1848), Thomas Lee (1841 to 
1848), James Maxwell (1846 to 1852), William McFarland (1848 to 1852), 
William Boggs (1848 to 1852). Judges after 1851: Thomas L. Jewett 
(1852 to 1854), Thomas Means (1854 to 1855), Samuel W. Bostwick (1855 
to ]861), George W. Mcllvaine (1862 to 1870), John H. Miller (1870 to 
1877), James Patrick (1877 to 1882), Joseph C. Hance (1882 to 1884, and 
1889 to 1891), John S. Pearce (1884 to 1889), John Mansfield (1892 to 
), Walter G. Shotwell (1899 to ). 

Following is a list of the Senators and Representatives in the State 
Legislature, who served from and were residents of Harrison county: 

Senators — Daniel Welch (1811, then from Jefferson county), Sam.uel 
Dunlap(1814 to 1815), Matthew Simpson (1816 to 1820, and 1822 to 
1828), James Roberts (1820 to 1822), Daniel Kilgore (1828 to 1832), 
Joseph Holmes (1832 to 1834), Thomas C. Vincent (1834 to 1838), 
Chauncey Dewey (1841 to 1842), Samuel G. Peppard (1852 to 1854), 
Charles Warfell (1856 to 1858), Marshall McCall (1860 to 1862), John C. 
Jamison (1864 to 1866), James B. Jamison (1868 to 1872), Samuel Knox 
(1872 to 1878), David A. Hollingsworth (1880 to 1884), George W. Glover 
(1888 to 1890), Charles M. Hogg (1892 to 1896). 

Representatives— Samuel bunlap (1803 to 1808, and 1810 to 1813, 
from Jefferson county), Stephen Ford (1808 to 1810, and 1813 to 1818, 
from Jefferson county, prior to 1813), Andrew McISTeely (1810, 1814, and 
3815, from Jefferson county in 1810), William Moore (1816 to 1819), 
John Patterson (1819 to 1820, 1821 to 1822, 1823 to 1824, and 1826 to 
1830), Ephraim Sears (1820 to 1821), William Wiley (1822 to 1823, and 
1824 to 1826), Walter B. Beebe (1830 to 1831), Joseph Rea (1831 to 
1833, and 1838 to 1840), Samuel W. Bqstwick (1833 to 1836), John Gru- 
ber (1836 to 1838, and 1842 to 1843), Josiah Scott (1840 to 1842), Will- 
iam McFarland (1843 to 1844), Jacob Lemmon (1844 to 1846), Samuel A. 
Russell (1846 to 1848), John Hammond (1849 to 1850), Marshall McCall 
(1850 to 1854), Reynolds K. Price (1854 to 1856), Ephraim Clark (1856 
to 1858), James Day (1858 to 1860), William H. McGavran (1860 to 
1862), Smith R. Watson (1862 to 1866), Ingram Clark (1866 to 1868), 
Lems Lewton (1868 to 1870), Anderson P. Lacey (1870 to 1872), David 
Cunningham (1872 to 1874), Samuel Herron (1874 to 1876), A. C. Nixon 
(]876 to 1878), Jesse Forsythe (1878 to 1880), Oliver G. Cope (1880 to 
1882), Samuel B. McGavran (1882 to 1884), Jasper K Lantz (1884 to 


1S86, and 1SS8 to 1890), Georo^e M. Patton (1886 to 1888), Wesley B. 
liearn (1890 to 1892), Samuel K. McLaughlin (1894 to 1898), Samuel S. 
Hamill (1898 to 1900). 

Other names on the Civil List of Harrison county are as follows: 

Probate Judges — Brice W. Viers (1852 to 1854), Allen C. Turner 
(1854 to 1867), Amon Lemmon (1867 to 1894), Elias B. McNamee (1894 
to 1900), John B. Worley (1900 to -). 

Auditors (the title of the first three was "Clerk of Commissioners") 
—Walter B. Beebe (1813 to 1816), Lared Stinson (1816 to 1817), James 
L. Hanna (1817 to 1820), John Hanna, clerk and first auditor, (1820 to 
1822), Joseph Harris (1822 to 1832), Joseph Meek (1832 to 1833), James 
Miller (1833 to 1837), Charles Patterson (1837 to 1840), Zephamiah Bay- 
less (1840 to 1843), John Sharp (1843 to 1845), Eobert Edney (1845 to 
1849), Eeynolds K. Price (1849 to 1853), John Sloan (1853 to 1854), Will- 
S. Granfell (1855 to 1856), Kersey W. Kinsey (1856 to 1860), Samuel 
Knox (1860 to 1864), William H. McCoy (1864 to 1869), Reuben A. Mc- 
Cormick (1869 to 1871), William 0. Potts (1871 to 1875), Thomas W. 
Giles (1875 to 1880), James M. Scott (1880 to 1883), Henry Spence (1883 
to 1884), James C. Carver, deputy for Henry Spence, (1883 to ?.884), 
George A. Crew (1884 to 1891), Henry G. Forker (1891 to 1896), Harvey 
B. Law (1896 to ). 

Treasurers — Samuel Osburn (1813 to 1828), John S. Lacey (1828 to 
1836), James McNutt (1836 to 1840), William Milligan (1840 to 1844), 
Zephamiah Bayless (1844 to 1848), Ealph Barcroft (1848 to 1852), David 
Hilbert (1852 to 1854), J. J. Johnson (1854 to 1858), John Russel'l (1858 
to 1860), Thomas Richey (1860 to 1862), Frank Grace (1862 to 1864), 
Wesley S. Poulson (1864 to 1866), Elias Foust (1866 to 1870), George 
A. Haverfield (1870 to 1876), Harvey L. Thompson (1876 to 1878), Nim- 
rod B. Pumphrey (1878 to 1882), Albert J. Harrison (1882 to 1886), 
Samuel A. Moore (1886 to 1890), J^athaniel E. Clendennin (1890 to 
1894), Eobert Stewart (1894 to 1899), Joseph J. Sears (1900 to ). 

Prosecuting Attorneys — Walter B. Beebe (1813 to 1834), Josiah 
Scott (1834 to 1838), Edwin M. Stanton (1838 to 1839), Samuel W. Bost- 
wick (1839 to 1844), Thomas L. Jewett (1844 to 1848), Samuel G. Pep- 
pard (1848 to 1851), Allen C. Turner (1851 to 1853), Lewis Lewton (1854 
to 1856), Jesse H. McMath (1856 to 1861), Amon Lemmon (1861 to 1863), 
William P. Hayes (1863 to 1866), David Cunningham (1866 to 1869)' 
John S. Pearce (1869 to 1875), David A. Hollingsworth (1875 to 1877)^ 
Jolm C. Given (1878 to 1881), John M. Garvin (1882 to 1887), Walter G.' 


Shotweli (1888 to 1894), William T. Perry (1894 to 1900), Barkley W. 

Eowland (1900 to ). 

Eecorders— William Tingley (1814 to 1829), Joseph Harris (1829 to 
1832), William Johnson (1832), Samuel M. McCormick (1832 to 1838), 
Matthew M. Sloan (1838 to 1844), William Boyce (1844 to 1850), Lancelot 
Hearn (1850 to 1857), William A. Hearn (1857 to 1858), Joseph Rea 
(1859 to 1868), George Woodborne (18G8 to 1874), John Graybill (1874 
■ to 1880), Landon B. Grimes (1880 to 188G), Albert B. Hines (1886 to 
1892), Thomas Arbaugh (1892 to 1898), S. Edwin Thompson (1898 to 


Sheriffs— Elescondo Henderson (1814 to 1816), James Boswell (1816 

•to 1817), John Stokes (1817 to 1821), Rezin Arnold (1821 to 1824), 
Baruch Dickerson (1824), John S. Lacey (1824 to 1826), Matthew McCoy 
(1826 to 1832), James McNutt (1832 to 1835), William Mulligan (1836 to 
1839), William Cady (1840 to 1842), William Barrett (1842 to 1846), John 
McCormick (1846 to 1848), David Hilbert (1848 to 1853), James Boyd 
(1853 to 1855), Alexander Barger (1855 to 1858), Edwin S. Woodborne 
(1858 to 1861), Stephen E. McGee (1862 to 1866), John E. McPeck (1866 
to 1870), James Moore (1870 to 1872), Samuel S. Hamill (1872 to 1876), 
Elisha Hargrave (1876 to 1878), Emannel Howard (1878 to 1880), James 
C. Carver (1880 to 1886), Jefferson C. Glover (1886 to 1888), Albert 
Quigley (1888 to 1892), David P. Host (1892 to 1896), Samuel B. Moore 

(i896 to 1900), Davis Garvin (1900 to ). 

n Clerks of Court— Joseph Harris (1813 to 1815), William Tingley 

L(1815 to 1838), Thomas ^Vincent (1838 to 1845), Samuel McCormick 
(1845 to 1851), Charles Patterson (1852 to 1854), Thomas C. Eowles 
(1855 to 1860), E. M. Lyons (1861 to 1863), John Fogle (1863 to 1867), 
John Garvin (1867 to 1875), Allen W. Scott (1875 to 1882), Elias B. Mc- 
Namee (1882 to 1888), Martin J. McCoy (1888 to 1894), E. B. Kirby 

(1894 to ). 

Commissioners — John Pugh (1813), James Cobean (1813 to 1814), 
Eleazer Huff (1813), William Phillips (1813 to 1816), William Wiley (1813 
to 1821), John Craig (1814 to 1820, and 1824 to 1825), Eobert Maxwell 
(1816 to 1828), William Henderson (1820 to 1826), Joseph Holmes (1820 
to 1824), David Thompson (1825 to 1833), Thomas Martin (1826 to 1832), 
Brice W. Viers (1828 to 1831), John Caldwell (1831 to 1834), Henry Ford 
(3832 to 1838), John Eamage (1833 to 1836), Samuel Colvin (1834 to 
1840), Jesse xMerrill (1836 to 1839), John Sharp (1838 to 1841), Andrew 
Richey (1839 to 1842), James P. Beall (1840 to 1843), Thomas Day (1841 


to 18 ±2), John Downing (184-^ to 18 io), James Hoglancl (1843 to 1846), 
Samuel Hitchcock (1845 to 1851), Samuel Eichey (184G to 1852), Luther 
Eowley (1847 to 1853), John Carrick (1851 to 1852), John Yost (1852 to 
1857), Elijah Carver (1852 to 1855), Joseph Masters (1854 to 1856), Jacob 
Cramblett (1855 to 1861), Jackson Croskey (1856 to 1SG3), Charles Wells 
(1860 to 1866), James J. Billingsley (1861 to 1867), Walter Craig (1863 
to 1865), Andrew Jamison (1865 to 1871), Levi Snyder (1866 to 1872), 
Y\'illiam Evans (1867 to 1873), James Patton (1871 to 1877), John Sloan 
(1872 to 1874), Alexander Henderson (1873 to 1879), John Latham (1874 
to 1878), Thomas McMillen (1877 to 1883), Enoch W. Thillips (1878 to 
1881), Cxeorge Love (1879 to 1882), Lindley M. Branson (1882), Jackson 
Eea (1882 to 1884), John Miller (1882 to 1886), Michael B. Firebaugh 
(1883 to 1890), Robert B. Moore (1884 to 1891), Andrew Smith (1886 to- 
1891), John W. Spiker (1890 to 1896), William C. Adams (1891 to 1897), 

Thomas H. Ryder (1892 to 1898), John H. Pittis (1896 to ), John C. 

Patton (1897 to ), Henry P. Worstel (1897 to ). 

Surveyors — James McMillan (1820 to 1825), Abner Hixon (1825 to^ 
1830, and 1834 to 1837), Curtis W. Scoles (1833 to 1834), Daniel Morris 
(1837 to 1840), Samuel McCormick (1840 to 1847), Daniel Spencer (1847 
TO 1819), Samuel Bell (1849), Jacob Jarvis (1849 to 1894), Benjamin J. 
Green (1894 to — ). 

Congressmen — Daniel Kilgore (1834 to 1838), John A. Bingham 
(1855 to 1863, and 1865 to 1873). 

Members State Board of Equalization — Walter Jamison (1850), Carl- 
eton A. Skinner (1890). 

Members of Constitutional Conventions. — Samuel Moorehead (1850- 
51), Josiah Scott (1850-51), William G. Waddle (1872-73). 

Prominent Attorneys, who have been or are now members of the 
Harrison County Bar — Walter B. Beebe, Edwin M. Stanton, Chauncey 
Dewey, Thomas L. Jewett, Samuel W. Bostwick, Samuel A. Russell, Sam- 
uel G. Peppard, Josiah Scott, Joseph Sharon, Jesse H. McMath, Lewis 
Lewton, Josiah M. Estep, David Cunningham, David A. Hollingswo rth, 
John S. Pearce, Walter G. Shotwell. 

I\atives or residents of Harrison county who have attained a Na- 
tional reputation — Edwin M. Stanton, Bishop Matthew Simpson, General 
George A. Custer, John A. Bingham, Thomas L. Jewett, Frank Hatton. 

The towns and villages of Harrison county were organized as follows: 

Bowerstown (first called Bowersville) was platted by David Bowers, 



Henry Hoover, and Nathaniel Bowers, Aug. 21, 1853; plat filed, Aug. 22, 


Brownsville was platted by Absalom Kent, Jr., Dec. 20, 1815; plat 

filed Dec. 22, 1815. 

Cadiz was platted by Zaccheiis A. Beatty and Zaccheus Biggs. Oct. 
29, 1804; plat filed in JelTerson county, Oct. 29, 1804; in Harrison county, 
May 24, 1813. 

Deersville was platted by John Cramblett, ISTov. 25, 1815; plat filed, 
Dec. 19, 1815. 

Fairview (Jewett) was platted by John Stahl, Dec. 5, 1851; plat filed, 
Jan. 9, 1852. 

Franklin was platted by John Marshall, March 4, 1837; plat filed, 

March 7, 1837. 

Freeport was platted by William Melton, Daniel Easly, and Jonathan 

' Boo-ue; plat filed in Tuscarawas county, March 7, 1810, in Harrison 

county 185 (Mason's Journal, quoted on another page, states 

that Freeport was laid oat some eighteen months before his visit there, 

which was made in October, 1819). 

Georgetown was platted by George Eiggie; plat filed, Sept. 3, 1814. 

Harrisville was platted by John Wells, Thomas Gray, Store Hutch- 
inson, and Eobert Dutton, Oct. 19, 1814; plat filed, Jan. 9, 1815. 

Hopedale was platted by Cyrus McNeely, Oct. 15, 1849; plat filed, 

July, 30 1851. 

Jefferson was platted by Frederick Zollers, December, 1815; plat 
filed, Jan. 3, 1816. 

Jewett, see Fairview. 

Masterville was platted by G. W. Holmes in 1851. 

Moorefield was platted by Michael Moore and Gabriel Cane, Dec. 15, 
1815; plat filed, Dec. 27, 1815. 

New Athens was platted by Eev. John Walker and John McConnell, 
Feb. 10, 1817; plat filed, Feb. 10, 1817. 

New Hanover was platted by John Fisher, Aug. 13, 1812; plat filed, 

July 25, 1834. 

New Market (Scio) Avas platted March 30, 1852. 

New Eumley was platted by Jacob Custer; plat filed, Aug. 16, 1813. 

Pennsville was platted by Joseph H. Penn, Oct. 30, 1851; plat filed, 
Jan. 8, 1852. 

Scio, see New ]\Iarket. 



Smyrna was platted by Samuel Burrows, Aug. A, 1817; plat filed, 
Aug. 4, 1817. 

Tippecanoe was platted by Alfred Heacock, Dec. 8. iSlO; plat filed, 
Dec. 23, 1840. 




Following are the names of some of the early settlers and non-resi- 
dent land-owners of Harrison county (outside of Cadiz village) up to and 
including the year 1813. This was the year in which Harrison county 
was erected, its territory before that time being comprised in Jefferson 
county. This list includes the names of all those who had land patents 
issued by the United States Government before 1815; and it is from the 
dates of these that many of the dates in the list are taken. Nearly all of 
these patents were issued after 1801; although, as a matter of fact, in al- 
most every case, settlement and improvements had been made on the 
land by the patentee or his assignor, from one to five years before. The 
first lands sold in Harrison county after the opening of the land office 
in Steubenville were under a credit sj^stem, which gave the purchaser four 
years' time after the date of his entry to make his payments; and patents 
were not issued until the payments had been completed. In some cases 
time of payment was extended for some years beyond the original 
period, so that the patent may have been dated several years after 
settlement was begun. A full list of all Harrison county land patents 
issued by the United States will be found in the latter part of this 
volume. Several dates in the following list are taken from the old town- 
ship book of Short Creek township, an abstract of which was prepared by 
Mr. Oliver Cope, and printed in the Cadiz Republican near the close of 
the year 1895. Other dates, particularly those prior to 1801, are taken 
from family histories and records, and not to be relied upon absolutely. 
In this resrard the list is not so full or correct as could be desired, and the 


« 5 writer regrets that the data at his command does not include more of the 
■^ >-.early settlers of Harrison county, 

Tj ^ In Archer Township before 1814. — Samuel Amspoker, 1803; 

v^Wilham Anderson, 1811; Comfort iVrnold, 1810, from Pennsylvania; 
^ Daniel Blair, 1812, from Somerset count}^, Pa.; William Barnhill, 1811; 
John P. Pond, 1811; Samuel Boyd, 1813; John Busby, before 1812, from 
Maryland; Zebediah Cox, 1810; Alexander Crawford, 1808, from Brooke 
county, (West) Va.; Edward Crawford, 1806, from Brooke county, (West) 
Va.; James Devore, 1811; Andrew Endsley, 1810; David Endsley, 1808; 
John Endsle}', 1810; Andrew Farrier, 1808; Samuel Ferguson, 1812; 
i/ George Fisher, 1811, from Washington county. Pa.; James Fisher, 1811; 
Isabella Haggerty, 1811; George Harriman, 1811, from Washington 
county, Pa; Thomas Hitchcock, before 1809, from Maryland; Gabriel 
Holland, before 1812, from Maryland; Peter Kail, 1810; Isaac Lemas- 
ters, 1813, from western Virginia; William Lisle, 1811; Joseph McClain, 

1812, from W^estmoreland county. Pa.; William McCreery, 1811, from 
Westmoreland county, Pa.; Robert McKee, before 1811, from Fayette 
county. Pa.; Alexander McKittrick, 1813, -from Washington county. Pa.; 
Robert Meeks, 1812; David Moody, 1813; Hugh Orr, 1812, from West- 
moreland county. Pa.; Isaac Osburn, 1809; Charles Porter, 1813; Arthur 
Reed, 1810, from Pennsylvania; John Roush, 1812; James Steward, 

1813, from Washington county, Pa.; William Wartembe, 1807, from 
Brooke county, (West) Va.; John Welch, about 1801, from Pennsylvania; 
Thomas Williams, 1812, from Brooke county, (West) Va. 

In Athens Township before 1814. — Simpson Bethel, 1806, from 
Loudoun county, Va.; Stacy Bevan, 1811; Jacob Black, Sr., 1808, from 
Fayette county. Pa.; James Cooke, before 1810, from Washington county, 
Pa.; Joseph Covert, 1813, from Fayette county. Pa.; William Crawford, 
1809; David Cunningham, 1811, from Fayette county, Pa.; Joshua Dick- 
erson, 1811, from Fayette county, Pa.; David Drake, 1806; Adam Dun- 
lap, before 1809, from Fayette county, Pa.; John Dunlap, 1812, from 
Fayette county. Pa.; William Dunlap, 1806, from Fayette county. Pa.; 
John Fagley, 1810; Samuel Foster, 1813, from Allegheny county, Pa.; 
Thomas Gordon, 1811; Samuel Hanna, 1805, from Washington county. 
Pa.; Joseph Hollaway, 1810; Samuel Hutchison, 1810, from Chester 
county. Pa.; Robert Innis, 1812, from W^estmorcland county. Pa.; 
Tamuel Jumpes, 1812; Samuel Knight, 1808; Job Lewis, 1811; John 
Loney, 1813; John Love, 1808, from Washington county. Pa.; John Mc- 
Adams, 1811, from Washington county. Pa.; George McConnell, 1805, 


from Washington county, Pa.; John McConnell, 1806, from Washington 
county. Pa.; John McCo_y, 1806, from Washington county, Pa.; Thomas 
McCoy, hefore 1810, from western Virginia; Robert McCracken, 1805, 
from Washington county, Pa.; James McDowell, 1806, from Fayette 
county. Pa; John McDowell, 1809, from Fayette county. Pa.; Samuel 
McDowell, Jr., 180(), from Fayette county. Pa.; John Maliolm, 1812; 
Alexander Moore, 1813; N'athaniel Parramour, 1811; Caleb Pumphrey, 
1808; John Eeed, 1812; Nathan Shepherd, 1807, from Brooke county, 
(West) Va.; Roger Toothaker, 1811; Jacob Webb, 1806, from Fayette 
county, Pa. 

In Cadiz township before 1814 (Exclusive of Cadiz Village.) — 
John Agnew, 1807, from Washington county. Pa.; Reuben Allen, 1812, 
from Maryland; James Allison, about 1810; George Barricklow, 1812, 
from Fayette county, Pa.; Henry Barricklow, 1809, from Fayette county. 
Pa.; Valentine Barriger, 1813, from Adams county. Pa.; Arthur 
Barrett, 1808, from Frederick county, Va.; John Baxter, 1812, from 
Allegeheny county. Pa.; Zaecheus A. Beatty, 1804; Zaccheus Biggs, of 
Steubenville, 1806; John Blair, before 1810; Eannei Blair, 1809, from 
Brooke county, (West) Va. ; Thomas Burkhead, 1812; Samuel Carnahan, 
1806; Joshua Cecil, 1813; Nathan Chaney, 1805, from Virginia; Robert 
Cochran, before 1805, from Allegheny county. Pa.; Samuel Dunlap, 
1805, from Fayette county. Pa.; John Eagieson, 1813, from Maryland; 
Abraham Furney, before 1805, from Germany; John Gilchrist, 1811, 
from Fayette county. Pa.; Francis Gilmore, 1808; Samuel Gilmore, be- 
fore 1805, from Hopewell township, Washington county. Pa.; William 
Grimes, 1813; Jesse Haines, 1811; James Haverfield, before 1810, from 
Huntingdon county. Pa.; Samuel Heavlin, 1812; Samuel Hedges, before 
1810, from Virginia; Alexander Henderson, 1813, from Pennsylvania; 
John Jamison, before 1805, from Hopewell township, Washington 
county; Absolom Kent, 1805, from Fayette county. Pa.; George Leporth, 
1806; Samuel McDoAvell, 1811; John McFadden, before 1805, from Hope- 
well township, Washington county. Pa.; Joseph McFadden, before 1805, 
from HopeM^ell township, Washington county, Pa.; John McMillan, 
1807; Andrew McNeely, before 1805, from Berks county. Pa.; James 
Mahon, 1812; Arthur Martin, 1813, from Lancaster county, Pa.; Mat- 
thew Mitchell, 1806, from Washington county. Pa.; John Morris, 1813, 
from western A^irginia; John Ogievee, before 1805, from Fayette corinty. 
Pa.; John Perry, 1813; James Porter, before 1805, from Washington 
county. Pa.; Samuel Porter, before 1805, from Washington county. 


Pa.; Joseph Kogers, 1808, from Maryland; William Rogers, 1811, 
from Maryland; Adam Eoss, 1801, from York county, Pa.; John Ross, 
ISOi, from Pennsylvania; Joseph Steer, 1805; James Stewart, 1813; 
David Thompson, about 1814, from county Tyrone, Ireland; Elizabeth 
Toole, 1810; Bazaleel Wells, of Steubenville, 1806; Charles D. Wells, 
1813; Robert Wilkin, before 1802, from Pennsylvania; Thomas Wilson, 
1813, from Brooke county, (West) Va. 

In Franklin Township before 181-4. — Walter Craig, 1809; William 
Craig, 1809, from W^ashington county. Pa.; Benjamin Johnson, 1813, 
from Brooke county (West) Va.; Joel Johnson, 1812, from Brooke 
county, (West) \^a.; Joseph Johnson, 1811, from Brooke county, (West) 
Va.; Benjamin Price, before 1805, from New Jersey; Jonathan West, 
1811, from Pennsylvania. 

In Freeport Township before 1814. — Isaac Cadwallader, 1811, from 
Fayette county. Pa.; Samuel Colvin, 1812, from Washington count}-. Pa.; 
Daniel Easley, 1810, from Halifax county, Va.; John Gilmore, 1810, 
from New York; John Flollett, about 1806, from Maryland; Berriman 
McLaughlin, 1808; William Milton, 1812, from Washington county. Pa.; 
James, John, Richard, Thomas, and William Reeves, 1813; Henrv 
Stevens, 1808. 

In German Township before 1814. — George Abel, from Loudoun 
county, Va.; John Abrams, 1811; George Atkinson, 1804, from Brooke 
county (West) Va.; Jacob Beckley, 1813; Robert Birney, 1807, from 
Chester county. Pa.; Stephen Ford, 1807; William Gallaher, 1809, from 
Fayette county, Pa.; David Gibson, 1809, from Brooke county, (West) 
Va. ; jSicholas Gutshall, 1806, from Washington cpunty. Pa.; James 
Hanna, 1810, from WasMngton county, Pa.; George Hartford, 1809, 
Brooke county, (West) Va.; James Hazlett, 1812, from Fayette countv, 
Pa.; Henry Heisler, 1806, from Northumberland county. Pa.; Peter 
Hesser, 1807; Francis Holmes, 1811; Nathan Johnson, 1813; Jacob Kail, 
before 1806, from Pennsylvania; John Kail, before 1810, from Pennsyl- 
vania; James Kelly, 1809; Robert Kelly, 1811, from Brooke county, 
(West) Va.; William Kelly, 1813, from Brooke county, (West) Va.; 
James B. ]\Iagrew, 1806, from Westmoreland county, Pa.; Peter Marklev, 
1811, from Washington county, Pa.; Benjamin Menyard, 1811; David 
Miller, 1813; William Nichols, 1813; George Pfautz, 1805, from Cum- 
berland county. Pa.; Frederick Reed, 1807; John Riddle, 1812, from 
Allegheny county. Pa,; Jacob Sadler, 1806; George Shultz, 1810, from 
Loudoun county, Va. ; Jacob Smyer, 1810; Joseph Sprott, 1806, from 



Fayette county, Pa,; Jacob Stees, 1812; Matthias Stohl, 1806; William 
Wallace, 1809, from Brooke comity, (West) Va.; Benjamin Wheeler, 1806, 
from Baltimore county, Md.; Nicholas Wheeler, before 1810, from Mary- 
land; John Winnance, 1812. 

In Green Township before 1814. — John Baker, before 1805, from 
Pennsylvania; Henry Barriger, 1813, from Adams county, Pa.; William 
Birney, 1813; James Black, 1806, from Adams county. Pa.; Anthony 
Bricker, 1801; George Brokaw, before 1805, from Pennsylvania; John 
Caldwell, 1808. from Fayette county, Pa.; Alexander Cassil, 1806, from 
Washington county. Pa.; Joseph Clark, 1806, from Westmoreland county, 
Pa.; John Craig, 1803, from Donegal township, Washington county. 
Pa.; John Croskey, before 1805, from N^ew Jersey; Kobert Croskey, be- 
fore 1805, from Pennsylvania ; Kobert Davidson, before 180^irfrom Penn- 
sylvania; Philip Deleiiy, 1806; Henry Ferguson, 1806, from Washington 
county. Pa.; Archibald Fletcher, 1813, from Adams county. Pa.; James 
Ford, 1808, from Brooke county, (West) Ya.; John Fowler, before 1810, 
from Maryland; John Fulton, 1806, from Fayette county. Pa.; John Gard- 
ner, 1810, from Washington county. Pa.; Hugh Gwynn, 1813; William 
Hanna, 1805, from Pennsylvania; William Hogg, 1801, from Fayette 
county. Pa.; William FEolmes, before 1804, from Pennsylvania; Joseph 
Kent, 1806, from Washington county. Pa.; John Laughlin, before 1806, 
from Pennsylvania; Caleb Merryman, 1807, from Baltimore county, Md.; 
Jane Milligan, 1811, from Adams county. Pa.; Mark Milliken, before 
1812, from Pennsylvania; William Moore, before 1805, from Hopewell 
township, Washington count)'^. Pa.; John ISTicodemus, before 1805; John 
Oldshoe, before 1806; Eobert Orr, before 1805, from Westmoreland 
county. Pa.; William Orr, 1812; Joseph Pumphrey, 1806; William Pum- 
phrey, 1806; John Eamsey, before 1805, from Washington county. Pa.; 
Thomas Eankin, 1807; Rev. John Pica, 1804, from Washington count}^. 
Pa.; John Shepherd, 1807; Jacob Shepler, S06, from Westmoreland 
count)^. Pa.; Martin Snyder, before 1805; John Stapler, 1806, from 
Bucks county. Pa.; Galbreath Stewart, 1805, from West Middletowu, 
Washington county. Pa.; John Taggart, before 1805, from Washington 
coimt}^. Pa.; Hugh Tease, 1806; Fdmund Tipton, about 1814; John Wal- 
lace, 1804, from York county. Pa.; William Watt, before 1804, from 
Washington county. Pa., Pa.; Bazaleel Wells, of Steubenville, 1805; 
Daniel Welch, before 1803, from Cecil township, Washington county. 
Pa.; John Wilson, 1806, from Washington count}^. Pa.; John Young, 
1814, from Anne Arundel county, Md. 


In Mouroe Township before 1814. — William Baim, 1801; Bernard 
Bower, 1812; John Bower, 1809; William Constable, 1801; Jacob Easter- 
day, 1811; John Fry, 1813. 

In Moorefield Township before 18 1-J-. — Eobert Baxter, 1812; Robert 
Bell, 1811; John Cadwalladcr, Jr., 1812; Thomas Crabtree, 1812; Robert 
Hurton, 1811, from Ohio county, (West) Va. ; Henry Johnson, 1812, from 
Allegany connty, Md. ; Joseph and Lemuel Johnson, 1812; William John- 
son, 1810, from Allegany county, ]\Id.; John Kennedy, 1811, from Wash- 
ington county. Pa.; Matthew Kennedy, 1811, from Scotland and the Dis- 
trict of Columbia; John Knight, 1812; Edward Lafferty, 1810, from 
AVashington county. Pa.; James Lamb, 1810; John Lamb, 1806, from 
Washington county. Pa.; Peter John Lance, 1812; Anne Mifflin, of Phil- 
adelphia, 1807; William Eamage, 1808; Thomas Rankin, 1805, from Mt. 
Pleasant township, Washington county, Pa.; Rachel Titus, 1812; Alex- 
ander Wilson, before 1810; Israel Wilson, 1811; James Wilson, 1812; 
Jonathan Wright, 1811. 

In North Township before 181-1. — Jacob Albert, 1811; Martin Bog- 
hart, 1812, from Somerset county. Pa.; Christian Canaga, 1807, from 
Somerset county, Pa.; Jacob Canaga, 1807; Philip Creplever, 1812, from 
Washington county, Pa.; James English, 1812, from Fayette county, Pa.; 
John aiid Philip Firebaugh, 1812, from Somerset county, Pa.; Nancy 
Forney, 1812, from Westmoreland county. Pa.; Peter Forney, 1810, from 
Somerset county. Pa.; Joseph Gundy, 1812, from Somerset county. Pa.; 
Joseph Keiser, 1812; Henry Miser, 1811; Peter Smith, 1812, from Somer- 
set county. Pa.; Thomas Yarnell, 1811, from Washington county, Pa. 

In E"ottingham Township before 1814. — William Arnst, 1811; 
James Caldwell, 1813; George CarotJiers, 1811, from Washington county, 
Pa.; John Carson, before 1812, from Maryland; Peter Crabtree, 1812, 
from western Pennsylvania; William Grist, of West Nottingham town- 
ship, Chester township. Pa., 1809; Isaac Haines, 1812; Thomas Haines, 
1807; John Hines, before 1810, from Westmoreland county, Va.; Ben- 
jamin Johnson, 1810, from Allegany county, Md. ; John Johnson, 1810; 
John McCorkle, 1812; William Phillips, of West jSTottingham township;, 
Chester township. Pa., 1809; John Pagh, 1807, from Chester county. Pa.; 
John Richardson, 1813; John Riley, 1812; Jonathan Sayes, 1811. 

In Rumley Township before 1814. — Samuel Buchanan, 1806, from 
Washington county. Pa.; David Custer, 1811; Emanuel Custer, 1812, 
from Allegany county, Md. ; George Custer, 1804, from Fayette county. 
Pa.; Andrew Hendricks, 1812, from Allegany county, Md.; John and 


Joseph Hendricks, 1813, from Somerset county. Pa.; Adam Kimmel, 
1813; Leonard Kimmel, 1807, from Somerset county. Pa.; John Low- 
miller, 1808, from Pennsylvania; Joseph McLain, 1812, from Westmore- 
land county, Pa.; John j\[iller, ISOG, from Frederick county, Md.; Abra- 
ham Nolfsker, 1806; Abraham Pittcnger, 1813, from 'Ne^v Jersey; John 
Ptough, 1812; Jacob Turney, 1813 . 

In Short Creek' Township before 1811.— John Adams, 1805, from 
the Korth of Ireland; Thomas Anderson, before 1805; Joseph Apple- 
gate, 1805, from Brooke county, (West) Va.; James Beatty, 1803; John 
Beatty, 1803; David Belknap, 1807; Kobert Braden, 1802, from Wash- 
ington county, Pa.; William Brown, 1805, froiu Brooke county, (West) 
Va.; James Carrick, 1812, from iVdams county. Pa.; Sarah Chambers, 
1806, from Brooke county, (West) Va.; Joshua Clark, 1808, from Fay- 
ette county. Pa.; John Cope, 1813, from Frederick county, Va.; 
Thomas Cruinley, 1812, from Aarginia; Kobert Culbertson, 181L 
from the Xorth of Ireland; Thomas Dickerson, before 1805, from Fay- 
ette coimty. Pa.; James Ervin, 1812, from Maryland; James Finney, 
1806, from Fayette county. Pa.; John Fuller, 1806; Joseph Gill, 1806; 
Samuel ITanna, before 1806, from Washington county. Pa.; Simpkins 
Harryman, 1802, from Maryland; Samuel Haund, 1801; Ptobert Hill, 
1807; Isaac Holmes, about 1800, from Brooke county, (West) A^a.; Joseph 
Holmes, about 1800; Ellis Hoopes, 1812; Nathan Hoopes, 1809; Joseph 
Huff, before 1800, from Brooke county, (West) Va.; John Hurford, be- 
fore 1810, from Culpepper county, Va.; Abner Hutton, 1805; Jonathan 
Jessop, 1806; John Johnson, 1807, Westmoreland county; William John- 
son, about 1801, from Pennsylvania; Enoch Jones, 1806; James Kerr, 
18D7, from Adams and Westmoreland counties. Pa. : James McBride, 1809, 
from Washington county. Pa.; Vincent Metcalf, before 1804; Baldwhi 
Parsons, 1803; Samuel Primes, 1806; Andrew Kitchey, Jr., before 1805, 
from York and Washington counties. Pa.; Charles Eichey, 1805, froui 
Washington county. Pa.; John Eitchey, about 1807, from York and 
Washington counties. Pa.; Eichard Eidgway, 1803; James Eoberts, be- 
fore 1806; Hugh Eogers, 1806, from Washington county. Pa.; Wilham 
Eouse, 1805; William Sherrod, 1804; John Singer, about 1808, from 
Virginia; William Smith, 1812; Benjamin Stanton, 1803; Silas Stephen, 
about 1810; Jacob Styers, 1812; Jonathan Taylor, 1813; Bradway 
Thompson, 1804, from Washington county, Pa.; Isaac Thomas, 1812; 
Thomas and William Thorn, 1806; Joseph Townsend, about 1812, from 
Bucks coimty. Pa.; Nathan Updegraff, 1806; Thomas Vanbuskirk, 1804; 


Joseph Vanlaw, 1805, from Burlington county, IST. J.; William Walraven, 
before 1805; John Wells, ISOG; Ezra Wharton, 1806, from Bucks county, 
Pa.; William Wile}', 1804, from Washington county, Pa.; Michael Yost, 
1806, from Frederick county, Ya.; Charles Young, 1805, from Washing- 
ton county. Pa. 

In Stock Township before 181-1. — Michael Conaway, before 1810; 
James Hoagland, 1811; Isaac Johnson, 1812; William Johnson, 1812; 
Hugh McDonough, 1812; Alexander Moore, 1811; Charles Prather, of 
Brooke county, Ya., 1811; John Simpson, before 1810, from Washington 
county. Pa.; Aquila Tipton, before 1812; George Yenamon, 1809, from 
Washington county. Pa. 

In Washington Township before 1814. — John Henry Carver, 1812, 
from Germany; John Cooper, 1813; Lewis Davidson, 1809, from Eayette 
county. Pa.; JSTathaniel Gilmore, 1811; Jesse Huff, 1811; John Huff, 
1812; William Huff, 1810; Robert Parks, 1810. 

Besides the names given above, a list of the first lot-owners in the 
town of Cadiz will be found in connection with the account of its early 
settlement; and, as stated before, a complete list of the Government land 
patents issued for lands in Harrison county, is given in another portion 
of this book. There were many early settlers in the county, however, who 
did not get their land directly from the Government, but bought it at 
second-hand from the original pre-emptors. The names of some of these 
are given in the following supplementary list, covering the period from 
1814 to 1829, inclusive. This list is very incomplete; and it is a matter 
of regret that more records are not available to the writer. But such as 
have been obtained are here given; although many families will find the 
names of their pioneer ancestors missing, when they properly deserve a 
place in such a list as this: 

John Adams, Freeport, before 1812, from Erie county. Pa; Thomas 
Adams, Cadiz, 1815, from Pennsylvania; George Addleman, Monroe, 
1820, from Greene county, Pa.; James Aiken, German, 1826, from Wash- 
ington county. Pa.; John Alexander, Freeport, 1828, from county Antrim, 
Ireland; John Arbaugh, Pumley, about 1820, from Maryland; Johr Arch- 
bold, Archer, 1814, from Westmoreland county. Pa.; David Barclay, 
Moorefield, about 1826, from county Derry, Ireland; James Barnes, 
Athens, 1824; Zenas Bartow, North, 1819, from Washington county, 
N. Y.; Samuel P. Baxter, Green, 1821, from Fayette county. Pa.; James 
P. Beall, Nottingham, before 1825, from Pennsylvania; Sampson Beatty, 
Archer, before 1826, from the Xortli of Ireland; Samuel Beck, Freeport, 


1814; Peter Barger, Cadiz, 1818; Joseph Bernhard, Short Creek, 1814, 
from Chester county. Pa.; Hugh Birney, Creen, before 1830, from the 
Xorth of Ireland and Chester county, Pa.; Samuel Borland, North, 1819, 
from Westmoreland county. Pa.; James Bradford, Cadiz, before 1821, 
from Washington county. Pa.; Benjamin Brindley, Archer, 1835, from 
Harford county, Md.; John Cadwallader, Freeport, 1814; Joseph Cadwal- 
lader, Freeport, 1814; John Cady, Cadiz, 1834, from county Tyrone, Ire- 
land; John Campbell, Green, before 1833, from Pennsylvania; Erasmus 
Cannon, Athens, 1815, from Harford count}^ Md.; John Cecil, Moore- 
field, 1819; Philip Cecil, Franklin, before 1833, from Maryland; Eobert 
Christy, Archer, before 1830, from Scotland; Eobert Clark, Cadiz, before 
1830; James Clements, Cadiz, before 1830, from Maryland; Jacob Condo, 
German, 1814, from York county. Pa.; Hiram Conwell, Cadiz, before 
1816, from Virginia; Caleb and Imla Cooper, Washington, 1814; William 
Cooper, Washington, 1814; James Copeland, Green, 1816; Thomas Cope- 
land, Green, about 1814; William Coultrap, Stock, 1815, from western 
Virginia; ISTathaniel Crawford, IMoorefield, 1814; John Creal, North, 
1830, from Maryland; Valentine Creamer, Freeport, 1814; James 
Cree, Freeport, about 1818, from Pennsylvania; James Cummings, 
Monroe, before 1830, from Kent county Del.; Samuel Curry, 
Archer, 1831; Jacob Custer, Eumley, before 1816, from Anne 
Arundel county, Md.; Jacob Dennis, Green, before 1830, from 
New Jersey; Chauncey Dewey, Cadiz, 1831, from Norwich, Conn.; 
Henry Dillon, Archer, 1814; James Endsley, Archer, 1817, from 
Lancaster county. Pa.; David Firebaugh, North, before 1817, from 
Pennsylvania; John Firebaugh, North, before 1835, from Pennsylvania; 
John Ford, Nottingham, before 1820, from Fayette county, Pa.; William 
Foreman, German, 1818; Jesse Forsythe, Washington, 1835, from Fayette 
county. Pa.; Alexander Foster, German, 1815; George Foster, 1816, from 
England; John Fowler, North, before 1830, from Pennsylvania; John 
Fulton, Green, 1816, from Harford county, Md. ; Philip Fulton, Notting- 
ham, before 1830, from ]\raryland; James McC. Galbraith, German, 1814, 
from Cumberland county. Pa.; Abram Gaud}'', before 1810, from Mary- 
land; Hezekiah Garner, Nottingham, 1818, from Maryland; John Green, 
Freeport, 1835, from the North of Ireland; Eobert Guttry, Moorefield, 
1814; William Guttery, Athens, 1815; Elijah Guyton, Nottingham, about 
1836, from Maryland; Edward Hagan, Short Creek, 1815, from Adams 
county. Pa.; W. P. Hall, Archer, about 1815; Samuel W. Hamill, Mon- 
roe, 1838, from the North of Ireland; Francis H. Hamilton, Cadiz, 1830, 


from the North of Irehmd; Joshua Hamilton, Cadiz, before 1825, from 
Pennsylvania; James Ifanna, German, about 1816, from Washington 
county. Pa.; John Hanna, Cadiz, 1814, from AVestmoreland county, 
Pa.; Pobert Hanna, Green, 1814; Hezekiah Harrison, Green, 
18-?0, from ]\[aryland; John Harrison, Xorth, 1816, from Yorkshire, 
England; Christopher Hartley, JSTorth, about 1820, from England; John 
Haveriield, Cadiz, 1817; Joseph Haverfield, Cadiz, 1817; James Haw- 
Ihorne, Short Creek, before 1830,' from the N"orth of Ireland; John 
Heberling, Short Creek, 1823, from Berkeley county, Va.; John Hefling, 
Washington, 1821; Henry Hemry, Archer, 1815; John Henderson, Pum- 
ley, 1816, froin Indiana county, Pa.; Jacob Hendricks, Eumley, 1814; 
Thomas Hidey, Eumley, 1830; Leonard Hilton, 1826, from Maryland: 
Eudolph Hines, 1814, from Germany; Samuel Hitchcock, 1808; Eobert 
Holliday, Freeport, 1815, from the North of Ireland and Westmoreland 
county. Pa.; Henry Houser, Cadiz, before 1825; Edward Huston, Moore- 
field, before 1830, from Pennsylvania; Solomon Insley, Franklin, 1816, 
from Maryland; Andrew Jamison, Green, before 1825, from Pennsyl- 
vania; William Jenkins, Washington, 1814, from Nova Scotia; Alexander 
Johnson, German, 1814; from county Tyrone, Ireland, and Pennsylvania; 
Derrick Johnson, Mooreiield, 1814; Samuel E. Johnson, Monroe, 1824, 
from Maryland and South Carolina; Daniel Ivilgore, Cadiz, before 1815 
from Pennsjdvania ; John Kimmel, North, 1814; Charles Kinsey, Cadiz, 
before 1820, from Bucks county. Pa.; Hugh Kirkpatrick, Athens, 1818; 
James Kirkpatrick, Athens, 1821, from Cecil county, Md. and Washing- 
ton county. Pa.; William Knox, Cadiz, before 1813, from the North of 
Ireland and Maryland; John S. Lacey, Cadiz, 1816, from Sussex countv 
Del.; Samuel Latferty, Mooreiield, 1814, from Washington county, Pa.; 
James Laughridge, North, before 1820, from the North of Ireland; 
tlohn Law, Monroe, 1826, from the North of Ireland; Georo-e 
Lewis, Eumley, about 1818, from England; Jacob Long, Moore- 
field, 1816; Eobert Lyons, Cadiz, 1810, from Pennsylvania; Georo-e Mc- 
Adanis, ]\Ioorefield, 1815; James McAfee, Eumley, 1823, from Washino-- 
ton county. Pa.; James McAfee, North, 1828, from Westmoreland county. 
Pa.; Joseph McBeth, Monroe, 1829, from Westmoreland county. Pa.; 
John McClery, Green, 1814; John McClintock, Nottingham, 1830; Eob- 
srt McConnell, Washington, 1814, from Pennsylvania; James McDjvitt, 
N'orth, 1S20, from Pennsylvania; Samuel McFadden, Cadiz, 1815; Eobert . 
]\reFarland, Athens, before 1824; John McMillan, Nottingham, 1818, 
from Pennsylvania; Thomas Maddox, Short Creek, 1825, from Virginia; 


Joseph Maholm, Cadiz, 1814; Emarmel Mallernee, Nottingham, 1829, 
from Marjdand; Allen Manl}'-, Green, before 1817; Thomas Marquis, 
Athens, before 1823; Arthur Martin, Archer, before 1817, from the North 
of Ireland, and Lancaster county. Pa.; Peter Martin, Green, 1823, from 
Virginia; Abraham Mattern, Green, before 1830, from Westmoreland 
county. Pa.; John Megaw, North, 1816, from Westmoreland county. Pa.; 
Micajah Merryman, Cadiz, before 182.0, from Maryland; Alexander Mil- 
lekin, Cadiz, 1815; John Mitchell, Archer, before 1816, from Maryland; 
John Mitchell, Cadiz, before 1828, from Washington county, Pa.; Ezekiel 
O'Bryan, Moorefield, 1814; Alexander Osburn, Athens, 1815, from West- 
moreland county. Pa.; Jane Pattison, Moorefield, 1816; Joseph Patter- 
son, Archer, before 1820, from the North of Ireland; James Patton, 
Short Creek, 1816, from Pennsylvania; Joseph Patton, Eumley, 1816, 
from Fajrette county. Pa.; Thomas Patton, Green, 1816; Thomas 
Perry, Moorefield, 1815; John Phillips, Cadiz, before 1828, from 
West Nottingham township, Chester county, Pa. ; Eichard Phillips, Wash- 
ington, 1815, from Pennsylvania; Thomas Phillips, Cadiz, before 1826, 
from West Nottingham township, Chester county. Pa.; John Pollock, 
Green, 1814, from Fayette county. Pa.; Joshua Quillan, Freeport, 1815; 
John Eamsouer, Eumley, before 1820; James Eankin, Athens, 1815; 
Eobert Eankin, Cadiz, 1818; Thomas Eichey, Cadiz, 1817; Eoberfc 
Eoberts, German, 1817, from Brooke county, Va.; Eobert Eobertson, 
Cadiz, before 1826, from Loudoun county, Va.; John Eobison, Franklin, 
about 1826, from Virginia; William Eoss, Archer, 1817; John Eowland, 
Moorefield, 1815, from York county. Pa.; John Sampson, Stock, 1827, 
from county Tyrone, Ireland; Adam Sawvel, Eumley, 1815, from Penn- 
sylvania; Matthias Schilds, Monroe, 1814; James Scott, Cadiz, 1819, 
from Yorkshire, England; Thomas Scott, Athens, about 1822, from 
county Down, Ireland; William Scott, Archer, 1817; Peter Sewell, 1828, 
from Delaware; George Shambaugh, Eumley, 1817, from Perry county. 
Pa.; John Sharp, Cadiz, before 1830; John Shivers, Cadiz, before 1816, 
from Pennsylvania; Hugh Shotwell, Washington, 1814, from New Jer- 
sey and Pennsylvania; John Shotwell, Washington, 1814, from Fayette 
coimty. Pa.; James Simpson, Green, 1829, from Washington county. Pa.; 
Samuel Skinner, Moorefield, about 1820, from the Shenandoah valley, 
Virginia; Andrew Smith, Archer, 1814; Daniel Smith, Stock, 1821; from 
Huntingdon county. Pa; John Smith, Noftingham, 1818, from the North 
of Ireland; David Smylie, Cadiz, 1815, from Washington county. Pa.; 
John Sneddeker, German, 1816, from Washington county. Pa.; John 


Snider, ]Srortli, before 1824; Eli SparroAv, Green, before 1820, from Mary- 
land; Thomas Sproal, about 1820, from the North of Ireland; Jacob 
Stall!, liumle}', 181G, from Charles connty, Md,; Basil Steel, Washington, 
1815, from Berkeley county, Va., and Pennsylvania; Eobert Steel, 
Moorelield, 1816; Archibald Stewart, Cadiz, 181G, from Pennsylvania; 
Matthew Templeton, Athens, 1815; Andrew Thomson, Moorefield, 1815, 
from Washington county, Pa.; Samuel Thompson, 1813, from Franklin 
and Westmoreland counties, Pa.; Thomas Thompson, Green, 1816, from 
Centre connty, Pa.; Thomas Thompson, Freeport, 1820, from the North 
of Ireland; Charles Timmons, Cadiz, 1817, from Berkeley county, Va.; 
Eli Town, Jr., Freeport, 1814, from Washington county. Pa.; Alexander 
Urquhart, 1813, from Scotland; Henry Utterback, Cadiz, 1820, from Vir- 
ginia; Joseph Walker, Stock, 1822, from county Derr}'-, Ireland; John 
Wallace, Moorefield, 1822, from York county, Pa.; Samuel Welsh, Archer, 
1814; John Weyandt, Monroe, about 1817, from Washington county, 
Md., and Somerset coimty. Pa.; John Whan, 1815, from Chester, North- 
umberland, and Washington counties. Pa.; Ezra Wharton, Short Creek, 
1818, from Bucks county. Pa.; Isaac Wheldon, Freeport, 1814; Joseph 
White, Nottingham, about 1818, from Maryland; Archibald Wilkin, 
Washington, before 1818, from Pennsylvania; Isaac Wood, Archer, 1814; 
Jonathan Worrall, Short Creek, 1815; David Wortman, North, 1825; 
John Wylie, German, before 1818. 




While Beech Sprine: was the first Presb3'teriaii church organized 
within the present limits of Harrison county, the congregation of 


composed largely of Harrison county people, and for five years united 
with Beech Spring under the same pastoral charge, was gathered some 
three or four yyears before that of the latter. 

Crabapple church is situated in Wheeling township, Belmont county, 
about two miles south of Xew Athens, and a short distance north from 
UniontoAvn. Near here, at the beginning of the present century, the set- 
tlers were perhaps more numerous than in any other part of the county. 
The most of them had come from Washington and Fayette counties, 
Pennsylvania; and for some years before 1800 the Presbytery of the 
Ohio, whose members were then cliiefly stationed in Washington county, 
had. sent nearly every one of their number on missionary tours to the 
new settlements in the Western Territory, as Ohio was then called. 
Among these ministers were liev. John MciMillan, Joseph Patterson, and 
Elisha Macurdy, the f:rst named being one of the earliest Presbyterian 
ministers to settle west of the Allegheny mountains, and at that time 
perhaps the most prominent. 

On October 17, ]s98, Rev. Joseph Anderson was licensed by this 
Presbytery, and at the same time appointed to visit the settlements west 
of the Ohio river, and to preach at "' Indian Wheelin Creek " (St. Clairs- 
ville), on the fourth Sabbath of October, and at '' Indian Short Creek " 
(Mt. Pleasant), on the first Sabbath of November. He continued to sup- 


ply these clmrches occasionally, and on October 15, 1790, at a request of 
a committee from these churches, the Presbytery appointed Mr. Anderson 
as a stated supply for one year. On April 15th of the following year, 
however, a call from the united congregations of Indian Wheeling Creek 
(now first called Eichland, and later, St. Clairsville), Short Creek (Mt. 
Pleasant), and Cross Eoads (Crabapple), was made for the pastoral ser- 
vices of Mr. Anderson, and accepted by him. His ordination took place 
at Cross Roads, Western Territory, on August 20, 1800, Presb3"terv hav- 
ing met at that place the day before. This is sometimes erroneously stated 
to have been the first ordination of a Presbyterian minister in what 
iS now the State of Ohio; but such is 2iot the case. Rev. James Kemper 
having been ordained and installed, at Cincinnati, by the Presbytery of 
Transylvania, as early as October 23, 1792. It was, however, the first or- 
dination by the Presbytery of Ohio vdLl'in the present limits of that 

]\rr. Anderson was a member of the church of Upper Buffalo, in Hope- 
well township, Washington county, Pennsylvania, and probably pursued 
his studies in part at the Canonsburg Academy. He was a man of deep, 
and abounding zeal, a faithful and devoted laborer, and in an eminent 
sense, a pioneer. Within two years after his installation. Cross Roads 
(Crabapple) ceased to be a part of his charge, owing, doubtless, to Iut 
creased labors resulting from his rapidly growing congregations. In 
April, 1813, his pastoral relation to Short Creek (Mt. Pleasant), was dis- 
solved; but in 1820, Short Creek is again coupled with Richland in Pres- 
bytery's report to Synod. In 1827, Richland is first reported as St. Clairs- 
ville, and in 1829, is reported as his sole pastoral charge. He was re- 
leased October 3, 1830; and in June, 1835, he was dismissed to the Pres- 
bytery of St. Charles. His death occurred at Monticello, Mo., in 1847 in 
the eightieth year of his age. Mr. Anderson's Avife was a dauo-hter of 
IJov. Joseph Smith, first pastor of Cross Creek and Upper Buffalo 
churches, in Washington county, Pennsylvania. 

Robert McCullough and William McCullough were the first rulino- eld- 
ers in Crabapple church. In this capacity, Robert McCullough represent- 
ed the infant congregation in a meeting of the Synod of Virginia held at 
Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1800; and he also attended the meeting of 
the Presbytery of Ohio in the following year. The organization of the 
church, nevertheless, seems to have become dormant in 1802, and so con- 
tinued for a year or more. In the spring of 1804, however, in union with 
the newly organized congregr.tion of Beech Spring, Crabapple presented 


a call to Eev. John Eea, whose acceptance of the same, and subsequent 
labors in this field, have already been related in connection with the 
former sketch of the history of Beech Spring Church. 

A somewhat different account from the above, of the permanent 
erection of Crabapple congregation is given by Mr. J. A. Caldwell, in his 
"History of Belmont and Jefferson counties." Mr. Caldwell says : 

In the year 1803, Eobert and William McCullough sent to George- 
town, Harrison [then Jefferson] county, Ohio, for Samuel Hanna, to 
" come up and help " them to form a " praying society." He came, and 
from this germ planted in the wilderness, sprang Crabapple Presbyterian 
Church, the first and largest church organization in Wheeling township, 
Belmont county, Ohio. The first sermon was preached by the Kev. John 
Eea, and the church organized with forty members, in 1804, by Eev. 
Joseph Anderson and Dr. [Samuel] Ealston, a committee sent by the 
Presbytery of Ohio. The early records are lost, but the following fam- 
ilies were among the first members: The McCulloughs, McKibbons, 
Campbells, Snedekers, Brokaws, and Merritts. The first bench of elders 
was composed of William McCullough, Eobert McCullough, and Daniel 
[David] Merritt. 

While the account is probably correct, so far as it goes, yet, undoubt- 
edly it refers to the second organization of the church, Eev. Joseph 
Anderson had certainly gathered the nucleus of the congregation here 
as early as 1799, and it seems to have continued as one of his preach- 
ing stations for two or three years afterwards. The records of the Pres- 
bytery of Ohio show a meeting of Presbytery at Cross Eoads, Western 
Territory, as Crabapple was then called, on Aug. 19, 1800, as stated 
above. At this meeting were present, Eevs. John McMillan, James 
Hughes, John Brice, and Thomas Marquis, all well-known ministers of 
AVashington county, Pennsylvania, and elders, Samuel Dunlap and John 
Irwin. On Wednesda}', August 20th, "Presbytery proceeded to the ordin- 
ation of Mr. Joseph Anderson, and by fasting and prayer, and with the 
laying on of the hands of the Presbytery, solemnly ordained him to the 
holy office of the gospel ministr}^, and installed him pastor of the united 
churches of Eichland, Short Creek, and Cross Eoads, W. T." Dr. Mc- 
Millan preached on this occasion, from 2d Corinthian?^ v. 20; and Eev. 
John Brice gave the charge. 

Mr. Anderson relinquished the charge of Crabapple in 1802, as 
stated above; and in August, 1805, was succeeded by Eev. John Eea. 
An account of Mr. Eea's five years' ministration here has been given in 


the sketch of Beech Spring Church, which during that period was united 
with Crabapple as one pastoral charge. At the end of five years (in April, 
1810), he withdrew from Crabapple, that he might give all his labors to 
the Beech Spring congregation. The Crabapple division of his charge 
had become too laborious for him, spreading over a district of nearly 
fourteen miles square; for the territory of the future churches of New 
Athens, Morristown, and Nottingham was Avithin its bounds. The latter 
was then a mission station, under the care of the pastor and elders of 

The following extracts from the records of the Presbytery of Ohio 
will give us an idea of the strict orthodoxy of the early fathers of Crab- 
apple congregation; and it is possible they may also furnish one of the 
reasons for Mr. Rea's withdrawal from the charge of this congregation. 

The Presbytery met at Cross Eoads, in Washington county, Pa., on 
October 10th, 1808. On Friday, October 21st, "Samuel Hannah, a mem- 
ber of Crabapple congregation, appeared in the Presbytery with the fol- 
lowing charge: 

"The Reverend John Rea is hereby charged with preaching and 
circulating heterodox sentiments at the following places, viz., at Crab- 
apple, the Sabbath on or about the 20th of April last, and on Monday 
at Samuel Hannah's, at an examination: That the Covenant of Grace 
was not made with Christ, but with man only, and that man promises 
faith and repentance on his part; and maintains, that if the Covenant 
of Grace was made with Christ, he could not be the Mediator of it. 

"The Presbytery agreed to take up the charge, and ordered the par- 
ties to appear before them at their next meeting, prepared to have the 
matters brought to an issue." 

Upper Buffalo, December 21st, 1808. "The Presbytery proceeded 
to the consideration of the charge which was at the last meeting brought 
by Samuel Hannah against the Revd. John Rea. The charge being read, 
Mr. Rea denied that ever he had taught as stated in the charge." Wit- 
nesses were accordingly sworn and examined, William and Robert Mc- 
Culloch on that day, and Andrew Aekelson and William Wylie on the 
day following. Presbytery then "ordered Mr. Rea to prepare a written 
explanation of his sentiments." On the 23d, "Mr. Rea brought in a 
written explanation of his sentiments, which being read and considered, 
the Presbytery proceeded to consider the several items in the charge; 
and judged that they were not supported by the testimony." 


Ecv. Thomas B. Clark, a licentiate of the Presbytery of Hartford, 
was ordained and installed pastor of Crahapple in 1811, preaching one- 
fourth of his time at the IS^ottingham mission station; and continued un- 
til 1818, when his relation to this charge was dissolved. 

The third pastor was Eev. Samuel Cowles, who was installed in 1819, 
and continued seven years. After Mr. Cowles, there occurred a vacancy 
of several years, supplied from various soiirces; and then Mr. Jacob 
Coon, a licentiate of the Presbytery of Washington, preached as a can- 
didate for settlement, received and accepted a call, and in 183-4 was or- 
dained and installed. He remained four years. 

Eev. M'oses Allen was the fifth pastor of the church. He studied 
theology under his fi^LJaer-in-laAV, Dr. John McMillan, and was licensed to 
preach by the Presbytery of Ohio in 1807. He remained for thirty 
years in the bounds of that Presbytery, and then removed to the state 
of Ohio, where he was installed as pastor of Crahapple church in 1839. 
He continued in this relation from that time until his death, a period of 

seven years. 

In June, 1847, Eev. McKnight Williamson was installed pastor of 
this church, and remained for five years and nine months. He was suc- 
ceeded by Eev. AVilliam E. A'incent, who served for thirteen years. Mr. 
Vincent was followed in succession by John P. Caldwell (1869-1872), T. 
J. Milford (1874-1882), and George S. Hackett (1883). 

The first structure used by Crahapple Church as a place of worship 
was a so-called "tent," being nothing more than a rude pulpit, erected 
in the forest, possibly built against the side of a tree, and with a small 
projecting roof or hood of clap-boards, designed to protect the minister 
and his bible from tlie sim and rain. His congregation usually stood 
around in groups, or seated themselves on the grass, or on fallen logs. 
Soon afterwards, a log house was built, which later was succeeded by a 
brick building, and this in turn gave place to a frame structure, which 
has continued in use since its erection. 

About the year 1835, under the ministrations of Eev. Jacob Coon, 
Crahapple church seems to have reached the flood-tide of its prosperity. 
Its communicants then numbered over three hundred, with a Sabbath 
school of some two hundred members. Eevs. William M. Grimes, Thomas 
K. Crawford, James Grimes, Eobert Armstrong, Eobert Tannehill, and 
Joseph Lyle were reared in this church, and received their early religi- 
ous training in its Sabbath school. 



The first sermon preached to the families of this congregation was 
delivered by Eev. Joseph Scroggs, about the year 1813-13, As Dr. 
Scroggs was not licensed by his Presbytery until October, 1813, it is pos- 
sible the date of his visit may not have been until after that event.- The 
church was regularly organized as an Associate Presbyterian congrega- 
tion by Eev. John Walker, in 1814, and at that time consisted perhaps of 
no more than eight families, whose heads were as follows : John Trimble, 
James. Cook, Eobert McCracken, Alexander McCall, Eobert Hammond, 
John Love, Thomas Love, and John McCaskey. The first bench of 
elders was composed of Messrs. John Trimble, Eobert McCracken, Alex- 
ander McCall, and Eobert Hammond. 

Of the first minister of this congregation, more than a passing no- 
tice is required; as few men have had a greater or more beneficial in- 
fluence upon the moral welfare of the county, than John Walker. He 
was born in 1786, in Washington county, Pennsylvania; was educated at 
Jefferson College, and studied Theology with Dr. John Anderson, at Ser- 
vice, Pa.; was licensed in the summer of 1809 by the Presbytery of Ohio, 
and ordained July 11, 1811, by the same; served as pastor of Mercer and 
connections in Pennsylvania, until September 14, 1814; was installed 
over Unity, Mt. Pleasant, and Cadiz, in the summer of 1815. As his 
congregations increased, he resigned Cadiz in 1818, but retained the 
others until his death, which occurred March 8, 1845, from erysipelas. 
He was not distinguished for scholarship, but possessed an exceedingly 
enthusiastic temperament, which made him very energetic and active in 
his labors. He was a pioneer in the temperance cause, even to total ab- 
stinence; was very decided in his opposition to Free Masonry; and was 
intensely bitter in his hostility to slavery. He was always ready, even 
anxious, to defend his views, and oppose what he regarded as error. 
Hence, he was engaged in a number of public discussions, the most mem- 
orable of which was that with Alexander Campbell, the founder of the 
Campbellite Baptists. Mr. Walker desired to establish a classical school 
in Harrison county, and as none of the villages would take hold of the 
matter, he, in connection with a neighbor, laid out a town upon the ad- 
jacent portions of their farms, which they named ISTew Athens. Here he 
started a classical school, and rested not uutil he succeeded in getting from 
the Legislature the charter of Franklin College. He studied medicine in 
his youth, and practiced more or less in an amateur way during his whole 
ministry. In later years he felt a necessity to open a regular practice. The 


Durning of his house, together with a boundless hospitality, and a general 
financial mismanagement, made him very poor. For some time before se- 
curing the charter for his college, he conducted it as an academy in New 
Athens, under the name of the "Alma Mater," in active rivalry with a 
similar institution carried on by Eev. Donald Mcintosh, in Cadiz. In the 
archives of Franklin College is found the record of a single meeting of 
the trustees of that academy, held on September 28, 1824, the names of 
the trustees being: Rev. Salmon Cowles (president), John McCracken 
(secretary), Eev. John Walker, John Whan, John Wylie, Alexander Ham- 
mond, Alexander McNary, Daniel Brokaw, and John Trimble. At this 
time, the project for a charter for the academy at Cadiz was being agi- 
tated; but by the superior activity and tact of Mr. Walker, the charter 
was obtained for the academy at New Athens, under the name of "Alma 
College." This name was changed at the next meeting of the Legisla- 
ture to that of Franklin College. The charter is dated January 22, 1825, 
and the original incorporators were Revs. John Rea, Salmon Cowles, and 
John Walker, and Messrs. David Jennings, William Hamilton, John 
McCracken, John Wylie, James Campbell, David Campbell, John 
Trimble, John Whan, Daniel Brokaw, Alexander McNary, and Alexander 
Hammond. To these were added by election, at the first meeting of the 
trustees under this charter, held April 5, 1825, Eev. Thomas Hanna, 
John McGlaughlin, Stephen Caldwell, Joseph Grimes, and Matthew 
Simpson, At this same meeting of the trustees, the Rev. William Mc- 
Millan (a nephew of Dr. John McMillan), of Canonsburg, Penna., was 
elected President, with John Armstrong, of Pittsburg, as Professor of 
Mathematics; and on June 8th of the same year, the college was for- 
mally organized. 

At the Semi-Centennial Celebration of the organization of Franklin 
College, held at New Athens, June 23, 1875, Dr. Andrew Finley Ross, 
then presideut of the institution, sketched the history of the school 
from its organization; and from his address on that occasion, the follow- 
ing account has been condensed. 

The leading spirit in the enterprise M^as Rev. John Walker, a min- 
ister of the Secession church. Mr. Walker was a fit son of that particular 
branch of the church; a church characterized by its zealous orthodoxy 
and sturdy theology. He was a man of deep conviction upon the subject 
of equal rights. Hence, he entered into the anti-slavery contest with all 
the ardor of his impetuous nature, and during that long controversy, was 
one of the leading anti-slavery spirits of the West. By the superior tact 



and energy of Rev. John Walker, the charter of Franklin College was 
obtained. Dr. William McMillan was elected President, and John Arm- 
strong, Professor of Mathematics. Dr. McMillan was the nephew of Dr. 
John McMillan, the original founder of Jefferson College at Canons- 
burg, Penna., of which institution he had been for some time president. 
He had thus been associated with and reared under the tuition of that 
noble band of men, the Smiths, Powers, McMillans, and Ealstons, who 
were so instrumental in planting the seeds of Presbyterianism and sound 
learning in the country west of the Alleghenies. John Armstrong was 
the mathematical oracle of western Pennsylvania. He made all the 
almanacs, and solved all the mathematical propositions. Learned so- 
cieties in Europe recognized his attainments by admitting him to their 
fellowships. What are the results? In this small college, with its two 
professors, were educated such men as the Hon. John Welsh, of the 
Supreme Court of Ohio; the Hon. William Kennon, a member of Con- 
gress during Jackson's administration, a friend and adviser of the Presi- 
dent; Wilson Shannon, a former governor of Ohio; Dr. Joseph Ray, the 
well-known mathematical writer, whose works have maintained a lono-er 
popularity and gained a wider circulation than perhaps any other mathe- 
matical works ever written; besides giving to the church such men as 
Drs. Johnson, Bruce, Henderson, Walkinshaw. Surely, this is harvest 
enough for less than seven years. Dr. McMillan died in 1832. [He was 
followed, in succession, by Revs. Richard Campbell and Johnson Welsh]. 
In 1837, the Board appointed as president, Dr. Joseph Smith, then pastor 
of a church in St. Clairsville, the grandson of Rev. Joseph Smith and Dr. 
James Power, both noted pioneers of Presbyterianism in western Penn- 
sylvania. He was thus from the same stock, and reared under the same 
tuition with Dr. McMillan. 

The anti-slavery agitation was becoming more and more intense. 
The people who attended the ministrations of Rev. John Walker were al- 
most to a man strongly anti-slavery. The Presbyterian General As- 
sembly was divided. The congregation of Crabapple was divided, al- 
though Rev. Jacob Coon, the pastor, was strongly anti-slavery. Dr. 
Smith opposed agitation of the question. Mr. Coon left Crabapple, 
removed to JS'ew Athens, and organized a Presbyterian church. Dr. 
Smith resigned the presidency, and Mr. Coon was elected in his stead. 
The majority of the Board was composed of anti-slavery men, but it was 
not their intention to commit the college to this principle. Coon was 
succeeded in a year, by Rev. William Burnett, an Associate Reformed 


minister, from near Pittsburgh, but born in South Carolina, and con- 
-servative on tlie slavery question. He resigned within a twelve-month, 
followed by Professor Armstrong. 

In 184:0, the Board appointed Eev. Edwin H. Nevin, President; 
.George K. Jenkins, Professor of Mathematics; and Eev. Andrew Black, 
Professor of Languages. The members of the Board then resolved to 
throw themselves entirely upon the side of the anti-slavery sentiment of 
the country. The place had already come to be regarded as the hot-bed 
of Abolitionism in eastern Ohio; and Mr. Nevin's eloquent denunciation 
of the monster iniquity, aided by the hot shot of Eev. John Walker, 
soon began to tell upon the community. 

The college had become involved in debt, and the creditors sued for 
their claims. The anti-slavery men, then in control, were unable to 
meet these claims, for varioiis reasons, and in consequence, the property 
of the college was taken in execution, and sold by the sheriff. Thus 
Franklin College, after her long struggles, found herself without a home. 
But this was not all. The college edifice, with its appurtenances, was 
purchased by the colonization, or pro-slavery party, and under the name 
of "Providence College," the}^ succeeded in establishing a rival institu- 
tion. The anti-slavery men, however, were adequate to the crisis, and 
notwithstanding the demands that had already been made upon their 
liberalit}', they at once raised funds for the erection of a building for the 
accommodation of Franklin College. To secure it from the claims of 
the old creditors, yet unliquidated, and for the satisfaction of which 
their property had been sacrificed, they located their edifice upon their 
church lot, thus vesting their title in the trustees of the church; and so 
Franklin College was accommodated with a home. The popular qualities 
of President Nevin and his associates in the faculty attracted at once all 
the students that resorted to the place, and Providence College, after a 
feeble effort to gain a hold upon the public patronage, was abandoned. 
The anti-slavery men had now fairly won the field. President ISTevin, in 
having the bell cast for the new college, placed upon it the words : "Pro- 
claim Liberty Through all the Land." 

Dr. ISTevin was succeeded in 18-15 by Eev. Alexander D. Clark, who 
remained until ]8G1. 

The sons of Franklin College are found occupying high positions all 
over the land. She has given to the Senate of the United States a Cowan, 
a Fowler, and a Sharon; and to the House of Eepresentatives, a Kennon, 
a Bingham, and a Lawrence. She is represented in the halls of medical 


science by an Armor; on the Supreme Bench of Ohio, by a Welsh; on 
that of Alabama) by a Bruce; and in the theological seminaries of the 
country, by a Bruce, a Clark, and a Henderson. Seventy-five per cent, of 
her graduates have entered the Christian ministry, and some of the most 
distinguished and useful men who adorn the pulpit are found among 

In his "Pathfinders of Jeft'erson County," Mr. William H. Hunter 
has recorded considerable of the once forgotten history of the Abolition 
movement in Ohio, and in referring to that part of the subject connected 
with Harrison county, he says: "The Short Creek valley, from Cadiz 
to Mt. Pleasant, and including the region about New Athens and Crab- 
apple church, just over the divide, on the head waters of Wheeling creek, 
was noted for its warmth of abolition sentiment, from 1820 down to the 
close of the irrepressible confiict — abolition of slavery, pure and simple; 
the hard-headed, austere Seceders, the followers of Dr. John Walker, 
and other ministers of his kind, would tolerate no compromise, and they 
looked upon Benjamin Lundy's colonization schemes with almost the 
same disrespect that they would consider any half-way measure pro- 
posed by the pro-slavery advocates. Franklin College, founded by John 
Walker, was long recognized as the fountain-head of the abolition senti- 
ment of eastern Ohio, and it is but natural that the people first to drink 
of the stream were powerfully influenced; and further, it was in accord- 
ance with the eternal fitness of things, that numerous 'underground 
stations,' so-called because slaves were surreptitiously conveyed along 
certain routes, kept hid during the day, and hurried during the night 
season from one station to another, on their way to Canada, should be 
established in this valley. 

"Of course, there were stations at the mouth of Short creek, one kept 
by George Craig, and one by William Hogg. One was kept by Joseph 
Medill, on Warren Kidge, near Hopewell M. E. Church. There were 
many in Mt. Pleasant, the slaves being kept during daylight in any of the 
houses in the village, and there is authority for the statement that one 
good Friend kept a number of strong negroes on his farm from corn- 
planting until after harvest. The house of Kev. Benjamin Mitchell was a 
noted station, there being a trap-door in the kitchen floor, through which 
runaway slaves reached a large hole in the ground when slavo-hunters 
were searching the premises. Tlie Updegraff house, a mile west of Mt. 
Pleasant, and that of David Robinson, west of Trenton, were also well 
kno^v'n to the slave on his way to liberty. The Bracken house in Mt. 


Pleasant was so constructed that the negroes could enter an attic by 
means of a trap-door in the roof, after climbing a ladder. Benjamin 
Ladd, the Quaker philanthropist, kept the Smithfield station. The one 
at Lloydstown, named for Jesse and Isaac Lloyd, was kept by Eli ISTichols; 
one at Unity, kept by Kev. John Walker, the courageous Seceder min- 
ister: at Hammond's Cross Roads, by Alexander and John Hammond 
— John Hammond, Jr., and Joseph Eodgers, now of Cadiz, being con- 
ductors between this point and Hopedale; one at the house of James 
Hanna (brother of Eev. Thomas Hanna), near Georgetown; one at the 
house of Cyrus McNeely (founder of Hopedale College), between Hope- 
dale and Unionvale; one at the house of Judge Thomas Lee, near Cadiz; 
one at Miller's Station, by David Ward; one at Eichmond, by James and 
William Ladd; and from here, the negroes were conducted to the home 
of Judge Thomas George, on Yellow creek, and then to Salem, in Colum- 
biana county, from which point they had comparatively safe passage into 
British possessions." 

Those who harbored fugitive slaves in those days ran great risks, 
the penalty being $1,000 fine, and imprisonment. 

John Walker was succeeded at Unity by Eev. William Wishart, who 
began his ministry in September, 1847, and served until April, 1868. 
He was followed, November 30, 1869, by Eev. William G. Waddle. 

The first meeting-house of Unity congregation was built in 1815, 
on the site of the present graveyard. The structure was built of round 
logs, and was twenty-five feet in size. It had a clap-board roof, and the 
whole of one end of the house was occupied by the fire-place. This 
building was very primitive in construction, and defective in ventilation; 
so that the congregation, in order to avoid the smoke, which filled the 
room when a fire was burning, worshipped on the outside during the 
winter season, whenever the weather was sufficiently mild. The second 
building, made this time of hewn logs, was erected in 1820. and was en- 
tered through three different door-ways. This house was built under the 
direction of Eev. John Walker, near the site of the present building, and 
was occupied by the congregation until 1833, when a third building, of 
brick, was erected in its stead. The brick house was fifty-five by sixty-five 
feet in dimensions, and it is said to have accommodated 500 worshippers. 
It stood until 1875, when the present frame structure was erected. 

The congregation reached its greatest period of pror.perity about the 
year 1841, nnder the ministrations of Eev. John Walker. At that time 
the membership numbered nearly two hundred and fifty persons, more 
than twice its present size. 




In taking up the history of the early churches of Cadiz, we find that 
some years elapsed after the town was established before any church or- 
ganization was made. The Presbyterian worshippers of the community 
were then included in the congregation of Beech Spring, and ministered 
to by Eev. John Eea, who undoubtedly preached in Cadiz at private 
dwellings before 1810. Most of the first settlers who took up lands in 
the vicinity of Cadiz seem to have been of the Associate Reformed Pres- 
byterian faith, among them being the large families of the McFaddens, 
Gilmores, Jamisons, and Craigs, from Washington county, Pennsylvania. 
The membership of this church in America is made up chiefly from de- 
scendants of the Scotch-Irish immigrants who came to America from 
Ulster after the close of the Revolutionary War. More than ninety per 
cent, of the pre-Revolutionary emigration from Ireland consisted of 
Presbyterians of the Old School. The later emigrants, on first coming to 
Pennsylvania, where their relations or friends had settled many years 
before, found much of the best lands taken in these older settlements. 
Though at first they settled in tlie western counties of the Keystone 
State, they were not satisfied with their condition, but usually took up 
with the earliest opportunity of bettering it. This came to them with 
the opening to settlement of the lands in the Northwest Territory; and it 
was not many months after the land office was opened at Steubenville 
before many of the choicest tracts in the vicini+^,y of Cadiz were occupied 
by these Washington county Scotch-Irish. During the time between their 
removal to Harrison county, and the organization of the Associate Re- 
formed Presbyterian Church at Cadiz, it is hardly reasonable to suppose 


that they were without occasional religious services. The present United 
Presbyterian Church of Cadiz, as of other churches of that denomination 
throughout the country, was formed in 1858, by the union of the two 
former congregations known as the Associate Presbyterian and the Asso- 
ciate Reformed Presbyterian churches. Prior to the formation of the 
Second Ohio Associate Reformed Presbytery, in 1824, Cadiz was included 
in the territory of the Presbytery of Monongahela, and as such was doubt- 
less often visited and preached to by ministers belonging to that Pres- 
bytery who were residents of Washington county. And it is reasonable 
to assume that many of them came as missionaries before the formal or- 
ganization of the congregation in 1810. The writer, not having tlie 
minutes of Monongahela Presbytery before him, is unable to give any 
details as to the number or frequency of these early "supplies"; but that 
tbey were provided and paid for, there is no reason to doubt. It is also 
very probable that a small log church building may have been erected in 
Cadiz township by this congregation some years before the erection of 
their meeting-house in Cadiz village. 

We find from the records of Harrison county, that Lots numbered 58, 
59, and 60 in the town of Cadiz (the present residence of Mr. A. H. Carna- 
han), were deeded on April 16, 1812, to "John McFadden, Samuel Carna- 
han, John Craig, William Hamilton, and John Jamison, trustees ap- 
pointed by the Associate Reform ed congregation of Cadiz," for the pur- 
pose of a meeting-house for public worship. We can therefore deter- 
mine positively that prior to the date here given, this congregation was 
fully organized and able and ready to sustain a minister. An historica] 
sermon was delivered by Rev. W. T. Meloy, D. D., then pastor of the 
United Presbyterian Church at Cadiz, on August 26, 1876, giving the 
history of the congregation from the time of the organization of the 
Associate Reformed church. This history is so full of interest, and con- 
tains so much information regarding the subject to which it relates, as 
to be in every way worthy of permanent preservation; and the historical 
part of Dr. Meloy's discourse is therefore given here in full: 


The Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church of Cadiz was one 
of the earliest mission stations west of Pennsylvania. As early 
as October 10th, 1810, we find them petitioning the Monongahela Pres- 
bytery for supplies. Rev. Buchanan was appointed to preach in Cadiz 
the 2d and 3d Sabbaths of March, 1811. Supplies were afterwards fre- 


quently sent them. Jime 23d, 1813, an application was made to have the 
liord's Slipper dispensed; Mr. Buchanan was appointed for that service, 
and to preside at an election of ruling elders in that societ3\ I^ev. Bu- 
chanan reported to Presbytery, the following September, "that Joseph 
McFadden, George McFadden, William Hamilton, and Robert Orr, had 
been elected ruling elders. At the same meeting Revs. Riddell and Bu- 
chanan were appointed to dispense the supper at Cadiz on the fifth Sab- 
bath of October, 1813, and to attend to the ordination of elders the pre- 
ceding Friday. On the 30th of October, 1813, Joseph McFadden and 
Robert Orr were ordained and installed to the eldership. George McFad- 
den declined accepting the of lice, and William Hamilton was absent. 

November 10th, 1813, application was made for the moderation of a 
call by Cadiz, and Upper Wheeling, a society near TJniontown. There 
was, however, a connection existing between it and Lower Wheeling and 
Short Creek. Discretionary power was then given to Mr. Buchanan, who 
was, in general, to be guided by the resolution — "that, provided Lower 
Wheeling and Short Creek shall satisfy the member who shall be ap- 
pointed to moderate, that they willingly relinquish the connection exist- 
ing between them and Upper Wheeling, then, and in that case, he shall 
proceed to this business." The minutes of the two subsequent meet- 
ings of Presbytery were lost, and the Clerk records such business as he 
could recall. He forgot to record the report of Mr. Buchanan. The re- 
sult, however, was, that Mr. Buchanan proceeded to moderate, and Mr. 
William Taggart vras elected Pastor. 

The first house of worship used by this congregation was a log build- 
ing, erected on grounds purchased from Zachariah Biggs, situated on the 
corner of South and Ohio streets. The purchase price was $20. The 
deed for these lots is on record in Jefferson county. The log buildino- 
was torn down and a substantial brick erected in 1828. This house was 
occupied by the congregation until 1870. Its cost cannot now be de- 
termined. It was not completed till 1833, when the pews were sold to 
pay for its completion. The total value of sixty-six pev/s was $1,812, the 
lowest being appraised at $10, and the highest at $40. Nearly all the 
pews were sold, as the anionnt received was $1,740.67. 

The Trustees were incorporated by act of Legislature, Feb. 18, 1830, 
and were John McFadden, Thomas Patton, William Hamilton, David 
'Jhompson, and Thomas Bingham. William Haverfield was elected the 
same year, in place of Thomas Patton, deceased. The building commit- 
tee were John Mcl'adden, David Thompson, and Thomas Bingham. Mr. 
Bingham very often advanced money, and generally settled by takino- 
the even hundreds and deducting the odd dollars and cents, for which° 
doubtlessj the congregation felt duly grateful, although no record is' 
made of their expressing it. 

The building was no doubt one of the best in Cadiz, and was esteemed 
at the time most eligibly located. Yet why our fathers persisted in 
erecting store rooms and hotels on front streets and churches out of 


to\m, or on back streets, it is difficult to tell. They certainly did not ad- 
vocate the penance of wading unnecessarily through the rich mud of Har- 
rison county, on scriptural or sanitary grounds. It was the custom of 
the time to spend most of the Sabbath in and about the Church. The 
forest trees had been cleared away, where the old graveyard now is, but 
on every side the chestnut and oak and maple afforded a pleasant shade 
under which to hitch the horses, eat the Sabbath biscuit and discuss the 
sermon. It is even hinted that in those days there were worldly men, 
who talked about stock and politics, and women who discussed their 
neighbors' dresses, and gay young people who arranged for week night 
meetings that were not strictly ecclesiastical. And to that old grave-yard, 
now so sadly neglected, the mourner went, Bible in hand, and read over 
the verses on the new gray sand-stone, now fallen and broken, dropped a 
llower on the grave where now the briers and old ivy twine together, and 
with wet eyes turned again to the house of God to hear a reverend pastor 
tell of a Savior who is "the Eesurrection and the Life." But the mourner 
and the motirned have met together, the grave encloses both. 

As already noticed, the first pastor elected was Mr. William Taggart. 
He, together with Mr. Samuel Findley, had been taken under care of 
Presbytery as students, on Sept. oth, 1809. He was licensed Sept. 1st, 
1S13. He delivered his ordination trials at Cadiz, jSTov. 9, 1814. Eev. 
Findley preached the ordination sermon from 2d Corinthians, ii., 16, 
"And who is sulficient for these things;" after which Mr. Taggart was or- 
dained to the" office of the holy ministry;" and installed pastor of the 
united congregations of Cadiz and Upper Wheeling. He was about thirty- 
two years old when he began his labors here, and fifty-five when he was re- 
leased. He gave to this field the years of his vigor. He was a man of very 
line reasoning power. He spoke slowly, and at times with apparent hesi- 
tation, but Avhen the discourse was completed, antecedent and conseqttent, 
premise and conclusion, were bound together by a chain that could not 
be broken. 

It must, however, be confessed that Mr. Taggart took ample time 
for the elucidation of his text. His discourse never fell short of an hour, 
and frequently reached twice that length. The order in public worship 
then was to have, after the invocation prayer, the reading and explana- 
tion of the psalm. This exercise was as long as a modern sermon, and 
as it proceeded, more and more of the hidden beauties of Divine truth 
Avere displayed. Each thought of God is a deep, and the pastor loved 
to bring up its treasures, that the people might sing with full hearts. The 
precentor then gave out, and the people sang one line at a time. It was 
something of a departure to mingle bass with the air, but this was occa- 
sionally done. On communion Sabbaths, there were long debarrances 
made, that seemed to shut out the very elect from the table. Tokens of 
admission to the table were distributed on Saturday, and were brought 
on Sabbath to thft table, where an elder received them. The male por- 
tion of the congregation carried the leaden token in the vest pocket, and 


ilie female, carehilly tied up in the corner of a snow white 'kerchief, 
Seated npon rude slabs, the rustic sofa of the early times, Mr. Taggart 
spoke to the people all the words of this life. Socially he was a man of 
courteous though dignified demeanor, and was greatly beloved. 

We must not, however, take the salary paid, or rather promised 
him, as the measure of the people's alfection. Nominally it was $180 
for half his time; yet there is a record in the full, clear hand of Thomas 
Patton, Clerk, that on the 11th of September, 1830, there was owing to 
the pastor $6G3.(iO. That is, the congregation was less than four years 
in arrears. On the 2d of June, 1836, we find the following record: 
"After a careful investigation it was found that there was a balance yet 
due Mr. Taggart of $1,1'32." On the 27th of May, 1837, this amount was 
reduced to $350.50. An excuse for this tardiness that was somewhat 
amusing, though it might be a terror to rich fathers-in-law, was, that 
Mr. Taggart had stock in a St. Clairsville bank and had married a rich 
wife. The Uniontown church took all of Mr. Taggart's time, and he re- 
moved there in 1838. On September 6th, 1865, Rev. William Taggart 
ceased from his labors. His body rests in the grave at St. Clairsville. This 
old and honored servant of God was not called to his reward until the 
eighty-fourth year of his age. To him the shadows had grown very 
long, and the rest of the evening time was sweet. 

In 1838, Eev. Thomas Speer was elected pastor, but declined the call. 
Two hundred and fifty dollars a year was appropriated for the payment 
of supplies, and raised by a levy on the pews. 

On the twenty-seventh of September, 1839, Eev. Parks moderated in 
a call which was made in favor of Eev. Alexander Wilson, his salary being 
fixed at $500. His labors began T^^ovember 1st, 1839. Eev. William Bur- 
nett preached the sermon on this occasion, and a copy was requested by 
the congregation for publication. 

The women of the church were not in those days supposed to have 
much to do with its management, as we notice that on January 25th, 
1841, it was annoum^ed from the pulpit that the "male members" would 
detain to attend to congregational business. Possibly this may account, 
in part, for imperfect management, as we certainly would fail to-day with- 
out the help and counsel of our sisters. We were not surprised, therefore, 
to find that the congregation, six months later, appointed a committee to 
wait upon Mr. Wilson and inquire of him whether he would be willing 
to accept of $400 as his salary or stipend, after the present year., 
Charles Warfel, one of the members of that committee, refused to serve, 
and if he were living I would commend him for it. During the years 
1841-42, the male members frequently met and attempted to doctor the 
salary, which was falling constantly behind. The arrearages were, in 
•'41, $36.76; '42, $93.31, '43, $116.67. At last the collectors, seemingly in 
utter despair, resigned, and new ones were appointed. It was then re- 
solved, November 23d, 1844, that these arrearages be assessed on the 


pews. To this plan there must have heen serious objections^ for on Janu- 
ary 27th, 1845, this resohition was repealed. 

The male members met in October, 1815, and reported the folloAv- 
ing arrearages: 1842, $93.31 ; '43, $109.67; '44, $181.50; '45, $384.00. A 
report on this subject was presented by S. McFadden, C. Warfel, and M. 
H. Urquhart. 

Joseph Braden, Moses Urquhart, John Mitchell, James Patton, Sam- 
uel Carnalian, and David Carnahan were chosen singers, and two of them 
were allowed to rise at one time. The worldly business in which Mr. 
Wilson was constantly engaged, was some excuse for a low salary, and 
might have justified a petition for his release, but it was no excuse what- 
ever for neglecting to pay a debt Mdien it fell due. 

At this time the number of families in this congregation was seventy- 
seven, and of communicants, 144. 

In December, 1850, Mr. Wilson tendered his resignation. The con- 
gregation adopted the following, which may seem very strange, so far 
as the connection between the statement and resolution is concerned: 

Whereas, it is the duty of every congregation to support the pastor, 
and: Whereas, the said congregation has withheld from the said Alexander 
Wilson that support which a faithful pastor merits; therefore: 

Resolved, That no objections be made by the congregation to the 
prayer of said Petition to Presbytery. 

The congregF.tion then attempted to settle with him on the basis of 
$300 a year. ' Mr. Wilson claimed fifty dollars more, and after appealing 
to Presbytery, his claim was paid, and for once the congregation was 
free from debt. 

It would indeed be difficult to tell how a pastorate, involved in such 
constant and harassing troubles, could be successful. The services of 
Mr. Wilson were doubtless rendered ineffective l)y them, and yet the con- 
gregation maintained its position and even advanced duriug his pas- 

Two candidates were again before the congregation December 6th, 
1851, some twenty-five of the "male members" being present. Eev. 
Thomas Cunningham received 17 votes, and James Porsythe, 8. Eev. 
Lorimer moderated in this call, February 24th, 1852. Eev. Cunningliam 
having declined to be a candidate, the iDlank was filled by inserting the 
name of Eev. James C. Porsythe. He was installed October 27th, 1852. 
His salary was at first fixed at $500, but was afterwards raised to $600. 

A meeting was called October 31st, 1857, to regulate the singing 
of the congregation, at which the clerk was directed to stand at the pul- 
pit rather than in the center of the house, the vote being 40 to 25. It 
was also decided, by a vote of 50 to 15, that the psalm slrould be sung 
without lining out. Gradually the old land marks that had arisen witli 
the necessities of the time, faded away; they filled their purpose; aud 
while these customs were dear to many, they yielded to the claims of the 


present, and ^vcre willing to give up all but the principles which as a 
church they had maintained. The pastorate of Eev. Forsythe was brief. 
He resigned April, 1858. 

The congregation enjoyed considerable prosperity under his min- 
istry; and with the union of the two churches, the Associate Reformed 
Congregation of Cadiz ceased to exist. 

We now return to the other branch of this church. 


was ornanized A. D. 1813. Its first place of worship was a "tent," which 
had been pitched a short distance north-west of the present depot of the 
P., C. & St. L. R. R. This tent was a house of worship for the pastor 
alone. It was about six or eic^ht feet square, was reached by high steps, 
was under a roof that fell off to each side, and was boarded up in front 
to about the height of the pastor's waist. The congregation sat outside 
on logs, and benches made of split timbers, under the shade of the trees. 
If it did not rain or storm they experienced no inconvenience. A slight 
rain did not spoil our mothers' bonnets. In the winter, services were 
held in the court house or in private houses of members. The location 
of the tent was finally changed to a part of jVfr. Grimes' farm, nearer 
town, where afterwards a brick church was erected. It does not appear 
th^t there was entire unanimity about the new' church. The first resolu- 
tion in regard to it was adopted IMay 7th, 1827, at a meeting of which 
John Miller was chairman, and James Lee, clerk. 

Resolved, That this congregation talce up a subscription to build a 
brick meeting-house, sixty feet long and forty feet wide. 

The following January a motion was lost that the ground then oc- 
cupied be sold and the house built on a lot owned by George Craig. It 
was, however, ordered, that "the trustees have discretionary power as to 
the size of the meeting house, according to the funds subscribed." A 
second resolution M'as "to see what additional funds could be raised, pro- 
vided the house would be built on George Craig's lot;" an expedient 
which, resorted to some forty years later, secured the present location of 
our church. At a subsequent meeting it was determined not to build on 
Craig's lot, not to build a house in connection with the Union congrega- 
tion, and that the house should be one story. 

On the first of January, 1830, the fifty-eight pews were appraised, the 
values ranging from $2.25 to $7.50, the whole value, $275.50. The 
largest suliscriber was to have the first choice. No pew was to be sold 
for less than its appraised value. No person ooitld purchase more than 
two pews nor less than one. The minister's salary was to be a'ssossed by a 
regular per centum on the pews so sold. In case any oije refused or ne- 
glected to pay his assessment, three months grace was 'o be .given him, 



and if not paid at that time, the pew was to "be offered for sale to make 
np the deficiency. In case it did not sell, the pew was to become the 
property of the congregation. It was further made the duty of the trus- 
tees to raise what money they could from those not purchasing pews, in 
order to lighten the assessment on purchasers, until all the congregation, 
or those subscribing, shall have obtained pews. It will readily appear 
how, under such financial management, this congregation would be kept 
out of debt. There is nothing in the records to show that they were 
ever seriously troubled. Occasionally they got in arrears, but prompt 
measures were taken to remedy this. How much more the Word preached 
would profit under such circumstances. There was no action taken but 
such as was based on principles of fairness and honor. A good financial 
pilot was at the helm. Shrewd business ideas prevailed then as now. In 
a slip torn from a will which had been written at that time and was used 
to mark the page in the congregational book, I find the following bequest 

of Mr. W , of Bloomfield: "I will and bequeath my big brass clock 

to whichever of my sons-in-law M'ill give the most for it." But as that 
was only a book-mark of the clerk, it would not be fair to hold the con- 
gregation responsible for it. 

This church was not well located. The site was low, much lower at 
that time than is indicated now. Arrangements for ventilation were not 
much cared for in those days, and had not been needed when worshipping 
at the tent. Many a good sermon has been spoiled by bad air. In June, 
1847, a new and violent form of disease suddenly appeared among the 
flock. From what we can learn from the symptoms of this fatal disease, 
it Avas the typhoid fever. No such name was then known, and, as it was 
at first confined entirely to members of this congregation, it was univer- 
sally called the "Seceder fever." Many of the members died from it. 
among whom was the amiable wife of the pastor. This disease spread 
throughout the coimtry, and showed equal violence when preying on the 
members of other churches and upon heretics. Many of those attacked 
died. The physicians, ignorant of its nature, in some cases, resorted to 
that old foe of human life — the lancet, and aided the disease in quickly 
reducing the sufl'erer. The angel of death brooded over many homes, 
and the mourners were often met on the streets. It is impossible to tell 
certainly the cause of this malady. It was asserted that a stranger who 
had contracted the disease abroad, was that Sabbath a worshipper, and 
that there was a pool of water under the church. This was denied. Some 
light is gained by a bill which I find for digging the earth from about the 
church. Impure air must have given rise to the disease, and this may have 
resulted from a full house with too limited a supply of fresh air and too 
much of what had been de-oxodyzed a score of times. The miasmatic in- 
fluence was in the air, and may have arisen from physical causes not even 
guessed at, as has often been the case since. The house was blamed, and 
whether guilty or not, it was well that suspicion attached to it. It never 
had been comfortable. Members of the congregation attended servioes 


as usual, but strangers sought some other place of worship. It was there- 
fore resolved soon after to hnild a new meeting house, forty-five by fifty- 
five feet, and a committee was appointed to select a site. A committee 
was also appointed to find how much more funds could be raised to build 
in town than on the present lot. Lot numbered 103, on Steubenville 
street, was purchased from William Eeid for $200, and a frame house, 
yet standing, was erected thereon. Part of the material of the old church 
was put in the foundation of this building. This house was occupied 
imtil the time of the union of the churches, when it was sold to Mrs 
Hatcher, for $1,400. 

This congregation was organized about 1813, though occasional ser- 
mons had been preached here before. The first record is Oct. 1st, 1814. 
"The Eev. John Walker accepted the call of and took charge of said 
congregation." He was installed sometime between the 24th of May and 
the 4tli of July, 1815, and was at the time twenty-nine years of age. 
His time was divided between Mt. Pleasant, Unity, and Cadiz. The in- 
stallation occurred at Unity. Eevs. French and Allison were appointed 
to this duty, but Mr. Allison was prevented from attending. Thomas 
Maxwell was ruling elder. The winter following, William Braden was 
installed, and Joseph Braden ordained to that office. The roll of the con- 
gregation rapidly increased under Mr. Walker-* labors. But, alas ! poor 
human nature. Discipline soon had to be exercised against offenders. 
Greater and lesser offences were strangely combined in the early dis- 
cipline of the church. The first ofience was intoxication. The offender 
was rebuked, and notification given to the congregation. The friends of 
the next accused, will pardon me for naming her — "Mrs. Agnes Crossen 
confessed her sorrow for violating the laws of the church and breakino- 
her own vows, in that she was married without publication." She was 
accordingly admonished — possibly not to fall into the same offence again, 
which she was not likely to do while her husband lived — and then re- 
stored to church privileges. The musters of the time were fruitful causes 
of offence, also the huskings and choppings. Any one who sets up the 
claim that there was no drunkenness at that time, need only read over 
the session records. 

Eev. John Walker, the first pastor of this church, was, in manv re- 
spects, a remarkable man, and was esteemed a preacher of great ability. 
His utterances were easy and rapid. With a quickness of perception, lie 
knew well to say the right thing in the right place. His manners outside 
the pulpit were agreeable and easy. Outside of his profession he was 
shrewd and active. He was instrumental in securing the location of 
Franklin College at New Athens, and would have gone forty miles on 
horse or foot to secure a student for that institution. He was a o-ood 
physician, and had an extensive practice; and, as he looked after both the 
souls and bodies of his hearers without receiving much pecuniary com- 
pensation, he became very popular, and was widely known. He conformed 
to the custom of his time and preached sermons of immoderate length. 


To this day there are some who delight to tell how long the services were 
at the Tent. This was signally so on Communion Sabbath, when there 
was the most minute examination of heart and life. The offences of 
the time were most severely denounced, and the man who had tossed a 
copper, marked the ashes with a stick, or resorted to any similar form 
of divination, did not go unwarned. The weightiest matters, too, were 
not neglected. Persons who grew tired o| sitting, rested themselves by 
standing. The Sabbath evening examination on the shorter catechism 
properly belonged to exercises of the day. To criticise a sermon, or com- 
ment on the dress, manners, or bearing of the minister, would have been 
esteemed a serious offence. The people carried their Bibles, and com- 
mitted the text, and the older members of the family were questioned 
about the ijitroduction, divisions, and application. Dr. Walker was re- 
leased about 1820, and gave his entire time to Unity. He died March 8th, 
1845, in the sixtieth year of his age, and thirty-sixth of his ministry. His 
body rests in the cemetery at Unity, and on his tombstone are the words : 
"Eemember ye not, that when I was yet with you I told you these things !" 

Mr. Thomas Hanna accepted a call to Cadiz, Piney Fork, and Wills 
Creek, and was ordained as pastor, December IGth, 1831. The number 
of families in the Cadiz church at this time was forty-one, in Piney Fork, 
thirty-eight, and in Wills Creek, fourteen. He was soon after released 
from the Wills Creek branch. In 1835 his whole time was given to Cadiz. 

At the time of Mr. Hanna's settlement, the session consisted of 
Robert, Henry, and Thomas Maxwell, James Alexander, William Hender- 
son, and James and Thomas Lee. William Miller and Eichard Hammond 
were ordained, and James Flanna installed June 19th, 1834. Francis 
Grove was installed, and Matthew Clark was ordained and installed, May 
11th, 1837. Dr. Hanna was not a fine pulpit orator, nor was he regarded as 
a profound theologian. He was, however, a very instructive preacher. His 
sermons were often so systematically and minutely divided that one who 
took away the divisions carried the whole sermon. He had a very Idnd 
heart and was eminently sympathetic. It became convenient for him to 
live in Washington, Pa., owing to his marriage with Miss Foster, then, and 
for many years after, the honored Principal of the Washington Female 
Seminary. He was released April 24th, 1849. Dr. Hanna took charge 
of the church in Washington in May, 1850, and continued as pastor until 
physical prostration compelled him to give up the field. He died February 
9th, 1864, in the sixty-fourth year of his age, and the forty-third of his 
ministry. His memory is fondly cherished by his people. 

There were many offenders against the law and order of the church 
during his pastorate, and there was not one meeting of the session in six 
that did not have one or more persons arraigned. Intemperance was 
doubtless the prevailing evil. But it was often the case that persons felt 
eaicouraged in carrying complaints to the session, just as children do to 
a parent or teacher. One man, when riding to Cadiz, had boasted with 
an oath, that he could ride down all the Whig horses in the county; occa- 


sional hearing; marrymg withont publication; shooting for pennies; 
dancing; neglect of ordinances; unfair dealing; cutting bee trees; teach- 
ing on fast days; with an occasional sin of a graver nature, occupied most 
of the session's time. The cases seemed to grow the more they were 
dealt with, until the 7th of April, 1848, the following committees were 
appointed : Eobert Maxwell and Thomas Lee were appointed a commit- 
tee to confer with three persons, whose names I withhold, for occasional 
liearing; James Hanna, a committee to confer with three others about 
attending a ball; William Henderson, a committee to confer with W. 
W and wife, for neglect of ordinances; and Matthew Clark, a com- 
mittee to confer with J. D. B for the same offence. A large amount 

of business, truly, for one day. The church militant was rapidly earning 
the title of the church litigant. Discipline, however, in most cases was 
effective, and tlie erring were brought back. The membership of the 
church constantly increased, and its spiritual condition was healthy. 
On the 5th of June, 1839, Thomas Lee presented the following: 

Resolved, That all members of the Secession Church Avho approve of a 
resolution passed at a political meeting, held in Cadiz on the 15th day of 
May, A. D., 1839, approving of the course pursued by the State and Na- 
tional Administration on the subject of abolition, are guilty of a breach of 
the moral law. and the principles of the Secession Church. 

The vote on this resolution stood, ayes four, noes four. The moder- 
ator asked time to decide. A month later he cast his vote in the negative. 
A month later the vote was reconsidered, and the resolution adopted. 
An appeal from this was taken by Robert Maxwell. The whole matter 
was finally referred to Synod. The Church had already seen the "impend- 
ing crisis," and was preparing for the noble stand she afterwards took 
ar.d maintained on the day of our nation's trial. 

The Solemn Covenant engagement to duties is also recorded, although 
the date is not given. It was about 1840. There are but seven persons 
m> mbers of this church at the present time who joined in it. The scene 
niust have been one of deep solemnity when the congregation, with up- 
liCled hands, swore to live for Christ. A single sentence of this lengthy 
cngairement will suffice: "We do, with our hands lifted up to the Most 
High Clod, hereby confess, and before God, angels, and men, solemnly de- 
clare, that we desire to give glory to the Lord by believing with the heart; 
confessing with the mouth; and subscribing with the hand, that in Him 
vre have righteousness and strength." 

The congregation was vacant about a year, when Rev. J. R. Doig 
was called, and became pastor in May, 1850. He was never installed, ow- 
ing to a neglect on the part of Presbytery. He had supplied the con- 
gregation during the preceding winter, in the absence of Dr. Hanna, who 
was most of his time in Washington with his new wife. When, therefore, 
Dr. PLanna resigned in the spring, Mr. Doig was ready to take his place. 
He was at that time a professor in Franklin College, and continued to 


reside in Athens. His work, therefore, could not have been so effective 
as it otherwise would have been. 

Mr. Doig, in the fall of '51, was taken ill, and remained so during the 
entire year. This, together with the death of his partner, induced him to 
resio-n, after having held a last communion with his people. 

'^Eev. Samuel Patton was the next pastor. He was ordained and in- 
stalled December, 1853. His relations with the people are said to have 
been pleasant, although he was not here long enough for his labors to be 
deeply impressed on the minds of the people, or to gain a lasting place 
in their memories and hearts. Two causes may have led to his early 
removal. He married in the congregation, and possibly imagined that 
what is true of a prophet is also true of his wife. He had preached at 
Detroit before settling at Cadiz, and the people there desiring his return, 
he accepted their call, and was released July 13th, 1854. His pastorate 
lasted onlv a little over six months. He labored but a short time in De- 
troit, when the Master called him home to an early reward. 

For about two years the congregation depended on supplies, and but 
few records were kept to show either its spiritual or financial condition. 
Mr. J. S. McCready was ordained and installed as pastor, August 7th, 
1856. He soon gained a deep hold on the affections of his people. He 
was kind and unobstrusive in his manners, courteous in his bearing, yet 
firm as a rock in his convictions. His preaching largely partook of these 
characteristics, and was of a kind to set forth the truth in both its attrac- 
tiveness and strength. He had early imbibed an abhorrence of oppres- 
sion and showed by his conduct the sincerity of his faith. The religious 
instruction of the colored children of Cadiz had been neglected. He or- 
ganized, and during his ministry superintended, their Sabbath School. 

The IJniversalists had for some years gained a foot-hold in Cadiz. 
In 1857, Mr. McCready was challenged to discuss the question by an 
able debater named Emmet, who had often been engaged in discussions 
of this kind. The debate began Tuesday morning, and closed Friday 
evening. A writer who was familiar with the debate, says : "The truth 
was not only vindicated, but rendered triumphant. The Universalists 
were repelled, routed, aud overcome." 

Thev have not had a single sermon in Cadiz since. 

Meantime, the two churches, whose separate history we have been 
tracino-, were growing more closely together. Unkind words and acts 
had been hicklen away under the sacred mantle of charity. It was even 
hinted that the churches were already one — one in worship and in heart, 
and so nearly one in faith that but few were able to tell the difference 
between them. There were over-cautious ones who deprecated union, 
over-timid ones who deplored it. God's time had come. Tlie two streams 
were to flow in one, and to be so commingled that the separate source of 
either could not be traced. The Associate Synod was meeting in Pitts- 
burgh, and the Associate Eeformed in Allegheny City, on the 2Gth of 
May, 1858. The vote on union had carried in the Union Synod. Great 


anxiety was felt about the result in the Seceder Synod. It was also carried 
there. The union was complete. A few discontented spirits still sought 
to maintain the Associate Church, but they had not the force of head or 
heart of a Marshall or a Clarkson, and no recruits could now come from 
over the water. Their numbers, small at first, are now less than 1,200. 
The United Presbyterian Church, pledged to maintain the truth and for- 
bear in love, continued to bear forward the history of the illustrious ones 
whose bans had been proclaimed. 

This cause in Cadiz found itself now with two congregations, two 
houses of worship, and one pastor. Rev. Forsythe having resigned. A 
basis of union between the two congregations was agreed upon. Each 
congregation was to choose three of its members, who were to constitute 
the Board of Trustees. The church was to be called the "First United 
Presbyterian Congregation of Cadiz." The trustees of the Associate con- 
gregation were to transfer all their property to the new Board. The 
United Church was to occupy the brick house, and the pews in it were to 
be forever free. Each congregation was to have an equal number of 
elders. The United Congregation was to meet on the last Saturday of 
March to ask for the moderation of a call. These conditions were signed 
by Andrew Jamison and John IMcFadden, on the part of the Union 
Church, February 20th, 1859, and by Martin Wilson and John Carnahan, 
on the part of the Seceder Church, February 36, 1859. In accordance 
with these propositions, the Seceder church building was sold to Eliza 
Ilatcher for $1,400, and the congregation worshipped in the old Union 
Church. The elders of the Seceder Church were Alexander Haverfield, 
William Miller, John Carnahan, Daniel Mitchell, and Thomas Jamison 
— five. Those of the Union Church were Joshua Hamilton, Robert 
Davidson, and Charles Warfel — three. Andrew Jamison and James C. 
Love were elected to make the number equaL Mr. Love was installed, 
but Mr. Jamison declined to serve. 

Rev. McCready demitted his charge April 19th, 1859. On the 3d 
of the following May a call was unanimously made for his services by 
the First U. P. Congregation of Cadiz. This call was accepted on the 
14th of the following June. The congregation seemed now to enter on 
a career of unbounded prosperity. But already the dark shadow of civil 
war was beginning to fall on our country. The aggressions of the slave 
power were felt. This church had always, in the branches from which 
it came, denounced slavery. But now, alas! its extension became largely 
a political issue. On this subject our church gave no uncertain sound. 
Rev. McCready had not waited to be an abolitionist until slavery was 
overthrowTi. He was not one of those braves who stab the dead Percy- 
He was a patriot; and was willing to seal with his blood the testimony 
of his lips. He entered the Union array, August 14th, 1862, as Captain 
of Company II, 126th 0. V. I. Two months later he wrote to his con- 
gregation: "Your pulpit was not silent in regard to those sins which have 
convulsed the land. Nor did it give an uncertain, non-committal sound, 


taking its cue from the dictation of party politics. It was 'known and road 
of all men.' Seven years ago, when thousands of statesmen and divines 
who are now with it, were against it, it preached what it preaches to- 
day, and what all the pulpits are coming rapidly to preach. It had not to 
he"impelled by divine judgments. To these truths, which I have preached 
to vou, dear "brethren, if I fall in this struggle, I am a martyr. But 
fo/ their influence, I hud not been here. My home was as dear, my life 
as sweet, my congregation as near to me as others are to them. As for 
official promotion, I was stepping down. As for money, I am probably 
losing. Besides, what is money, compared with life and home comforts ? 

"But you and I had raised up a standard for God's truth. We stood 
up for its" divinity. We had talked — the time came to act. God de- 
manded sacrifice in its behalf. The clergy of the South had shown how 
much they were willing to dare for tliis error — this great self-evident 
lie — this blot upon civilization — this outrage upon all religion, and all 
virtue. God put the question to us : Were we willing to do and dare as 
much for truth, for liberty, for country ? What could I reply ? I may 
fall! your beloved sons and brothers may fall! Be it so. Our testimony 
in behalf of God's truth is not lost. You will reap the benefit of it in 
future years." 

As such letters from the absent soldier pastor Avere read, feeling in 
the congregation ran high, and some refused to hear them at all. Others, 
who had sons and brothers and husbands with him, were indignant alt 
this, and for a time the peace of the congregation was much disturbed. 
C. L. Vallandingham was nominated for Governor of Ohio in 18G3, by 
the Democratic party. He was at the time banished for disloyalty, and 
was stopping at the Clifton House, in Canada. The following resolutions 
were passed by the Session: 

Resolved, That it is utterly inconsistent with the principles of the 
United Presbyterian Church to vote for C. L. Vallandingham for Governor 

of Ohio. 

Resolved, That we consider that voting for that candidate involves a 
creat moral question, and that no member of the United Presbyterian 
Church can vote for him without ignoring his principles on slavery and 
countenancing and encouraging disloyalty. 

These resolutions were read on the 27th of September. Eev. Mc- 
Cready obtained leave of absence and came home soon after. He moder- 
ated the Session, and dispensed the Supper Oct. 17th, 1863. It would 
have been strange if he, fresh from the field of battle, where his brave 
bovs then were (save those who had fallen), could have been silent. He 
was not wont to conceal his convictions of the truth. Thirteen families 
and a lar2:e number of adherents withdrew from the church. A few of 
these never formed any ecclesiastical connection, but most of them were 
received into the communion of the Presbyterian church of Cadiz. It 
was my privilege to meet Mr. McCready after his return from the army. 


He talked of the field at home but spoke no words of bitterness. Doubt- 
less he would have suffered more had it not been a time when such 
mighty emotions were swaying the hearts of men. In the army. Captain 
:McCready was the same in modesty, candor, firmness, bravery, and cour- 
tesy, that he was at home. His company, brave as any in the army, 
united with him in daily prayers to the God of battles. On the 6th day 
of May, 18G4-, Mr. McCready was wounded in the left arm during one of 
the terrible battles of the Wilderness. He was carried from the field, 
taken to Washington, and finally died in Baltimore, at the house of Mr. 
Carson, Sept. 7th. His end was peace. 

The church was draped in mourning. All classes wept for him. 
Even those who had spoken harshly, now spoke with broken utterance. 
But no sincerer moarners gathered about his bier than the colored men 
whose constant friend he had been. He, of all the ministers who served 
this church, is the only one who died while its pastor. 

On the night of the 31st of December, 1864, your present pastor 
arrived in Cadiz to fill, by arrangement, the appointment of Eev. Mr. 
McKenzie. Another brother had been secured to preach, but gener- 
ously refused when he heard that I was present. But as he was paid the 
regular per diem for listening to me, I did not feel that he was greatly 

The appearance of the house was not in the least prepossessing. 
The arched ceiling had been painted blue, and an occasional board ha^l 
partly broken loose from its fastenings and threatened to drop, like the 
famous sword of Damocles. The pulpit had come down from its orio-jnal 
height, but was still reached by a flight of stairs — about eight in numl:)er. 
An ill-fitting window was directly at the back of the little pulpit-box, and 
an occasional blast of wind from the north reminded me that there' was 
a broken pane in it. ' The day was unpleasant and the congregation 
small. A slight survey of the audience convinced me that there were 
manv earnest and intelligent men and women among them. 

I preached twice afterwards, and in the early spring was elected 
pastor. The entire congregation united in the call. My regular labors 
began the third Sabbath of May, 1865. I was ordained and installed 
June 23d, 1865, by the Presbytery of Wheeling. Eev. Campbell preached 
the sermon from 2d Cor. v., 20. 

The congregation was at the time somewhat discouraged. With- 
drawals had been frequent. The salary promised was $800. It was, after 
six years, generously raised to $1,200. It was still the custom to preach 
two sermons on Sabbath, Avith a half hour's interval. Changes, how- 
ever, had been made. The word "male" had disappeared from the record 
of our proceedings, and the singing was led by a choir, most of whom 
were ladies. The excuse for this was that the young men of the congre- 
gation had generally gone to the army. The Sabbath School was re'-or- 
ganized, and Charles Warfel elected Superintendent. The Session con- 
sisted of Joshua Hamilton, Daniel iMitchell, Alexander Haverfield. John 


Carnahan, and Charles Warfel. Eobert Paxton and Alexander Campbell 
were ordained and installed May lltli, 18G6; J. D. Osburn and Samuel 
Kyle, May 22d, 18G8, at which time Ebenezer McKitrick was installed. 
T. C. Grove and James Megaw were ordained and installed Nov. 8th, 1873. 

The propriety of erecting a new church had been considered for some 
time. The first meeting was held in 18G7. The proposition was dis- 
cussed at some length, and with considerable warmth, and was voted 
down by an overwhelming majority. Subsequent meetings were held, at 
which it was argued that the church was needing repairs; that in a few 
years a new one must be built; that the present one could not be made 
comfortable; that it was located at such a distance from the main street 
that it would not be possible to keep a good pavement to it; that money 
was plenty, and the congregation abundantly able to build. It was ar- 
gued on the other hand that the old church could be repaired at a very 
slight cost; that although money was plenty, building materials were 
high; and that the present location was eligible, affording ample hitch- 
ing room for the horses. The advocates of the new church constantly 
gained in number, until finally in the fall of 1868, a committee to solicit 
subscriptions was appointed. The congregation subscribed liberally. 
About $7,000 was raised, and there was nearly $3,000 in the treasury 
remaining from the sale of the Associate church. It was finally deter- 
mined to build on a lot adjoining the church property on Steubenville 
street. This lot was purchased and additional subscriptions taken. 
Many of the congregation, however, had talked about the present loca- 
tion. But Mrs. McNutt still occupied rooms in the old hotel located on 
it, and was, in her infirmity of mind and body, unwilling to remove. 
She died about this time (January, 1869). A meeting of the congre- 
gation was called. The matter was left in the hands of a committee, 
and $4,000 additional was subscribed on condition that the new church 
be located on the McNutt lot. This lot was purchased for $3,200. The 
congregation had now six lots, and the jest was made that they were go- 
ing into the real estate business. The transaction, however, was care- 
fully managed. The old church property was sold for $2,500, and the 
lot first purchased, at an advance of $100. The old buildings were also 
sold, and work on the new church commenced. As it progressed, changes 
were made in the original plan. The ladies had joined in the work and 
raised a considerable sum with which to carpet and cushion the house. 
The children also helped. The people had a mind to the work. Com- 
fortable stalls were erected for the horses. 

The basement of the church was occupied in the spring of 1870. 
As the work neared completion, a proposal was made to sell the pews and 
stalls. To this there was earnest opposition. An effort was made to 
raise the balance, but failed. The pews were then appraised. The lowest 
valued at $10 and the highest at $100. The total appraised value was 
$2,700. The pews were all sold, and also the stalls. 

The building committee consisted of John C. Jamison, Walter Craig, 


W. L. Hamilton, x\ndreAv Jamison, William Hamilton, Sr., and David 
Cunningham. Their work was done to the entire satisfaction of the 
congregation, and was a standing evidence of fine business management. 
The Ladies' Mite Society contributed $2,000. Tlie church was dedicated 
on Thursday, Nov. 2.tth, 1870 (Thanksgiving Day). 

The congregation has suffered heavily from removals. Joshua 
Hamilton, one of the oldest members of Session, removed to Spring- 
Held. His loss was deeply felt, as also the removal of the younger mem- 
bers, Alexander Campbell and Samuel Kyle. Death, too, has greatly 
thinned our roll. Dr. Wilson, a man who had been eminently useful in the 
church, who had been a power in its meetings for prayer, was gathered 
home January 10th, 1872, aged 87 years. Our hearts were again made 
rad by the sudden death, from typhoid fever, of Elder C. Warfel, whose 
name had often appeared on our records. He was at the time a ruling 
elder and trustee, and had long and efficiently superintended the Sabbath 
bchool. He died February 2, 1871. His remains were taken to the 
church, which was thronged with the congregation and friends, among 
whom were many colored people, to whom he had been a constant friend. 

Alexander Haverfield was, after a few mouths' illness, released from 
earthly labors January aith, 1875. His death made a breach in the Ses- 
sion which could not be easily filled. He had long been a devoted friend 
to the congregation, and was a man of large religious information. 

On the 11th of August, 187G, Daniel Mitchell died. He was one of 
the oldest members of the Session, and a man of irreproachable char- 
acter. He was conscientiously regular in the observance of religious or- 

Of the history of oiir church in Cadiz no one need be ashamed, 
while all her true children may rejoice in it. I have neither sought to 
magnify the virtues nor palliate the faults of our fathers. One loved 
pastor fell in the great struggle for the life of our country and the free- 
dom of a race. From her communion there went forth as heralds of the 
Gospel such men as Hans W. Lee, Thomas B. Hanna, and John B. Clark, 
who, though early called from earth, held places second to none in the 
churches, and in the affections of the people. A daughter of one of the 
early and earnest men of this church is pointing the sisters in Egypt to 
the Lamb of Calvary. 



While the Associate Eeformed congregation was doubtless the first 
Te«'iilarly organized religious society in Cadiz, it is probable the citizens 
were first ministered to by the Presbyterian minister at Beech Spring — ■ 
IJev. John Eea. lie is said to have preached his first sermon in Cadiz in 
1804, standing under the shade of a large forest tree, which stood on the 
site of the present court-house. At this time, it is thought, there Avere 
but two buildings in the village, namely. Garret Glazener's blacksmith 
shop, and a log dwelling-house. 


The first mention of Cadiz, as a separate congregation on the records 
of the Presbytery of Ohio, appears under date of Wednesday, June 11th, 
1816. The Presbytery having met at Raccoon, in Washington county. 
Pa., applications for supplies were made from Cadiz and Freeport. ]\Ir. 
Joseph Stevenson was appointed to preach at Cadiz on the second Sab- 
bath of July, and Elisha Macurdy one Sabbath at his discretion. Rev. 
John Rea was appointed to supply at Freeport on the first Sabbath of 
Juty. The Presbytery met again at the same place on October loth, 
1816, and applications for supplies were again received from Cadiz and 
from Freeport. On the following day, " Mr. [John] Munson, a licentiate 
from Presbytery of Hartford [Ohio], was granted leave to itinerate, and 
ordered to supply Cadiz the fourth Sabbath of October, and Freeport, 
the first Sabbath of January." Rev. Moses Allen was directed to preach 
ut Cadiz on the second Sabbath of December, and John Rea, one Sabbath 
at discretion. Rev. Joseph Anderson was likewise appointed to preach 


at Freeport on the third Sahhath of N"oveinher; and Andrew Gwinn, at 
Cadiz, on the second Sabbath of November. From this time on, supplies 
seem to have been sent as frequently as Presbytery could furnish them, 
until the installation of a regular minister. 

The following account of this church is taken from an historical 
sermon delivered by Dr. W. P. Shrom at Cadiz, on August 31st, 188-i: 

If the records to which we have had access are correct, there was but 
one white family living within the limits of what is now Harrison county 
previous to the year 1799. This was tli-e family of Mr. Daniel Peterson, 
and his place of residence was at the forks of Short creek. During the 
year 1799, Mr. Alexander Henderson and his family moved into this 
vicinity from Washington county, Pennsylvania. In the following year 
immigration set in, chiefly from- western Pennsylvania, and the ancestors 
of a large portion of the present inhabitants made this region their 
liome — the names of Craig, Jamison, McFadden, and others being almost 
as familiar then as now. 

The immigration was evidently very rapid, for in 1820 the popula- 
tion of the county is given at 14,345, and in 1830 at 20,920, while the 
population as given in the census of 1880 is only 20,455, being less than 
that given in 1830 by 465. 

The county was organized in 1813 from portions being struck off 
from Tuscarawas and Jefferson counties. I'he town of Cadiz was laid 
out in 1803 or 1804, by Messrs. Biggs and Beatty. The present ground 
was then covered by a heavy forest, and inhabited by the Indian and 
such wild animals as abounded in this region. The town was laid out 
at this precise point because of its being the junction of two roads — 
the one from Pittsburg via Steubenville, and the other from Washing- 
ton, Pennsylvania,, via Wellsburg, leading to Zanesville. Before the 
building of the National Pike, this was the chief thoroughfare through 
the State from east to west. Very early in the history of the settlement 
of this county, attention was given to the organization and building of 
churches. The first church built in this region was what is still famil- 
iarly known as Beech Spring Church, one mile west of the eastern bound- 
ary line of this coiinty. Its first buikling was a small log structure 
which was destroyed by fire. This was succeeded by a larger one, holding 
1,000 people, and was the center to which all Presbyterians tended from 
a wide range of country. It was at one period the largest Presbyterian 
church in this State, numbering upwards of 400 members. The P^ev. 
John Eoa became pastor of this church in 1804, at which time what is 
now Cadiz, was regarded as in the central portion of his parish. His 
first sermon in this immediate vicinity was preached in 1805 in a pri- 
vate house. As was then the custom, he continued to preach at different 
points in his large parish, and this region became one of these preaching 
points. The services were generally held on Sabbath afternoons or even- 


ings in private hoiipos or in the log school -house, as was most convenient. 
This continiied nntil ihe spring of 1817, when, under the direction of the 
Preshytery of Oliio, with TMr. Rea as chairman of the committee, the 
Presbyterian Church of Cadiz was organized. 

In his historic sketches, ]\fr. Rea says: "I first saw the ground on 
which Cadiz is now located, in 1804, when the place now occupied hv the 
court-house and other public buildings, was a forest of oak, walnut, and 
sugar trees." Mr. Rea continued to preach after the organization of 
the church, as stated supply until 1820. The history of the church from 
its organization is a little more difficult to trace, from the fact that the 
early records of the church have been lost. The earliest sessional record 
we have been able to find is June 18, 1831 — so that fourteen years of the 
most valuable records are wanting. 

The church Avas organized under Ohio PresbA'tery, and was for a 
time under its care. Then in 1819 the Presbytery of Steubenville was 
struck off by order of the synod of Pittsburg, and this church then be- 
longed to that Presbytery until 1839, when the Presbytery of St. Clairs- 
ville was organized, under whose care the church is at this time. 

In Steubenville records of 1820, Cadiz church appears with several 
others — the last on the list as "vacant, not able." The same record oc- 
curs in 1821, with the addition that Obediah Jennings, of Steubenville 
First Church, was appointed to preach at Cadiz. At a meeting of the 
Presbytery, held April IG, 1822, at Tavo Ridges, Matthew McCoy ap- 
peared before Presbytery, and presented a call for the pastoral services 
of Mr. Donald Mcintosh, and Avas granted permission to prosecute the 
call before the Presbytery of Ohio, of AA^hich he was then a licentiate. 
The call was accepted, and Mr. Mcintosh was ordained and installed pas- 
tor of this church, October 17th, 1822, Rev. Obediah Jennings preach- 
ing the sermon, and Rev. John Rea delivering the charge (AAdiether to 
people or pastor is not stated). 

Rev. Donald Mcintosh was the first pastor that served this church. 
He was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, but came to this country earlv in 
life, and graduated in his collegiate course at Jefferson College, in the 
vear 1817, and was licensed to preach the gospel by the Preslayterv of 

He continued to serve the church as pastor until 182G, when the 
pastoral relation was dissolved on account of ill-health. ]\lr. Mcintosh 
then returned to the State of jSTcav York, and from there he went to 
Florida, in 1828, where he died in 1830. Thus early in life the first pas- 
tor passed aAvay to his eternal rest and rcAvard. 

The second pastor was the Rev. John McArthur. He was born 
March 25, 1803, in Argyle, Washington county, N", Y. He removed to 
Ohio in 1819, took the degree of A. B. at Jefferson College in September, 
1825, and was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Hartford, October 
3, 1827, then in session at New Lisbon, and A\-as ordained and installed 
pastor of the united charge of the Ridge and Cadiz churches — in the 


former TSTov. 19, and in the latter Nov. 20, 18'3S, and continued until 
October 3d, 1837, when his relation was dissolved by the Presbytery of 
Steubenville. Mr. McArthar then removed to Miami University, and 
entered upon the duties of a Professorship in the Greek language, to 
which he had been elected, and for twelve years ho taught in this univer- 
sity, and preached to a small congregation until his death, which oc- 
curred in 1849. 

The third pastor was Eev. James Kerr. He Avas born Dec. 23, 1805, 
in the county of Wigton, Scotland. He emigrated to America in 1832. 
He finished his educaiion at the University of Glasgow, was licensed to 
preach by the Presb3^tery of Baltimore, April 27, 1836, and was ordained 
as an evangelist by the Presbytery of Winchester, April 22d, 1837, and 
labored in Hampshire county, Virginia, until July 15th, 1838, and being 
invited he visited the Church of Cadiz as a candidate, and in due time 
received a call and was installed pastor. May 6th, 1839, by the Presbytery 
of St. Clairsville, and remained sixteen years the incumbent of said of- 
fice until his death, which occurred April 19, 1855. 

The fourth pastor was the Rev. William M. Grimes, who was born at 
Crabapple, Belmont county, Ohio, September 15th, 1821. He took the 
degree of A. B. at Franklin College in September, 1814, was licensed 
to preach the gospel by the Presbytery of St. Clairsville on the 18th day 
of April, 1850, and was ordained and installed pastor by the same Pres- 
bytery in the Church of Concord, jSTovember 20th, and in the Church of 
Beallsville — the one-half of his time in each place — and remained in 
this field of labor about six years. A call from the Church of Cadiz 
Ohio, was presented in the Presbytery of St. Clairsville for the minis- 
terial labor of the Rev. William Grim^es, and after considerable discussion, 
the pastoral relation between Mr. Grimes and the Cliurches of Concord 
and Beallsville was dissolved on June 17th, 1856, with a view of his ac- 
cepting the call from Cadiz, and he was installed pastor of this church in 
October, 1856, by the Presbytery of St. Clairsville. A call from the 
First Church of Steubenville, Ohio, was presented before the Presbvterv 
of St. Clairsville for the ministerial labors of the Rev. William M. Grimes 
and the pastoral relation between the Rev. William M. Grimes and the 
First Church of Cadiz was dissolved on January 25th, 1876, after a pastor- 
ate of over nineteen years. Very much might in truth and justice be said 
about each of these pastoral relations, but especially the last. Its unusu- 
ally happy relations of pastor and people — the unusual results — all would 
be sufficient reason for continued remark. But we deem it best to leave 
this for future occasion, your own familiarity with this portion of the 
pastoral history making this the less necessary. 

The fifth pastor was the Rev. Robert Dickson, called September 18, 
1876. ]\Ir. Dickson was born in County Down, Ireland, in 1818, and was 
educated at Belfast Royal College. The first nine years of his ministry 
were spent in Ireland. He came to the United States in 1850, and con- 
tinued his ministry in Pennsylvania and Ohio. He served a term dur- 


ing the war, as Chaplain of the 100th Pennsylvania Eegiment. He was 
called from the Second Presbyterian Church of New Albany, to take the 
pastoral charge of the church in Cadiz, and continued at this place imtil 
3 881, when he was called to Clifton, Ohio. The church was without a 
regular pastor for about two years following. 

Your recent pastor is the sixth in order. The installment took 
place on the 14th day of June, 1883. What the results will be remain to 
be seen. 

There have been since the organization of the church thirty elders 
elected, of w^hom ten are now living, and constitute the present session. 
The first were Matthew McCoy, John Hanna, and William Eamsay, who 
seemed to have been elected at the time of organizing the church. 
[Among other early elders Avere Robert McCullough, John Megaw, and 
Peter Bargerj. Most of these have been men who have left a good re- 
cord, and whose influence is seen and felt to this day in the church and 
in the community. 

I have not been able to secure either the names or the number of 
those who composed the church at the time of its organization, except 
three elders already named. But previous to the pastorate of Mr. Kerr, 
there had been 323 identified with the church. During his pastorate, 
279 were added. Daring the pastorate of Dr. William M. Grimes 6G4 were 
added. During the pastorate of Dr. Dickson, 146. Since the dissolution 
of his pastorate, 52 have been added, making a total membership of 1,464, 
of whom far the larger part have passed from the church militant to the 
church triumphant, and we trust uniting with the former pastors in prais- 
ing God in the upper sanctuary- — 464 remain, while many are scattered 
to every quarter and some are holding places of responsibility and trust 
in other churches. Two at least are preaching the Gospel to other 

The ground on which the present church building stands was pur- 
chased from Daniel Kilgore for a consideration of $150. 

There have been two church buildings on the ground. The first 
was built about 1831 or 1832. It was a large building for the time, with 
galleries on three sides, and was built at a cost of ahout $5,000 or $6,000. 
The money was raised for building by subscription, and paid partly in 
money and partly in labor. The brick work was done by John Pepper, 
and the wood work by Mr. Robinson. Before the erection of this build- 
ing the services were held in the Court House and in private houses, 
and also in the Associate Reformed Church, 

With the building of the present church you are all too familiar to 
need any word from me. It was dedicated May 25th, 1871, the sermon 
beinc preached bv Dr. S. J. Wilson, of Allegheny Seminary, the house 
costing about $40,000. 

The method of ministerial support in those i-arly times was quite 
liberal, as compared with the cost of living. Suln^uriptions were some- 
times made partly in money and partly in produce. 


At its organization in 1820, the church liad to receive support from 
ilie committee of Domestic Missions, which then composed the present 
board of Home ]\Tissions. 

It has not in the past been forgetful of and will not in the future 
forget its debt of gratitude to this agency of the church, for helping 
new and growing churches in the days of their infancy and necessary 
financial weakness. The church has had two seasons of special revival, 
— one in 1840 under the ministry of Kev. James Kerr, when many 
were awakened and converted, and another beginning in 1865 and con- 
tiuuing for two years, during which time 120 persons united with the 
cliurch. This was under the ministry of Dr. Grimes. 


was established in Harrison county as early as the year 1801. The first 
Methodist emigrants settled on the south branch of Short creek, and 
consisted of Joseph Holmes, Samuel Humes, William Walraven, Isaac 
Buskirk, and others. Soon after, Thomas Dickerson came from Kedstone, 
Fayette county , Pennsylvania, and cleared some land and built a cabin 
near the settlement. Through his labors and influence a Class was 
formed, prayer meetings Avere established, and the people instructed in 
religion. Following the labors and progress of this good man, came the 
itinerant minister — Asa Shinn — and the first M. E. church of the county 
was erected and named "Dickerson." In the year 1802, the first seed was 
planted by Henry Johnson, who penetrated the forest to that place, and 
gathered to him after awhile a Methodist class. As early as 1814, there 
v.-ere societies organized at Eankin, Deersville, Bethel, Morris West's, 
two miles northeast of Cadiz, and at Cadiz. In the years 1807-8, Rev. 
James B. Finley traveled througli this region and organized a number 
of classes in the western part of the county. He preached with such 
])Ower as to impress himself aud his message upon the minds of the 
people, so that neither were ever forgotten. Eev. Finley has given us in 
a book of his life, an account of his work during these years and a de- 
scription of his circuit as it had been formed by the Eev. James Watt. 
It was called "Wills Creek Circuit," and was not less than seventy-five 
miles in extent. "Beginning at Zanesville and running east, it embraced 
all the settlements on the Wheeling road, on to Salt Creek and Buffalo 
fork of Wills creek, thence down to Cambridge and Leatherwood, on 
Stillwater, including all the settlements on its various branches to the 
mouth, thence up the Tuscarawas through New Philadelphia, thence up 
Sanfly Yiew to Canton, and on to Carter's, thence up Sandy to Sugar 

♦This sketch was prepared by Mr. William M. McCounell. 


creek and down said creek to the mouth, thence down the Tuscarawas 
tc> William Butts, thence down to the mouth of White Woman, thence 
after crossing the river, and including all the settlements of the Wap- 
atomica, down to Zanesville, the place of beginning." 

About this time the societies and the classes in the territory of 
Harrison county were placed in West Wheeling Circuit. This circuit 
was composed of three counties, Harrison, Belmont, and Jefferson, 
snd belonged to the Baltimore Conference. While in the Baltimore 
Conference, Thornton Fleming was presiding elder, and R. E. Roberts 
preacher in charge. At a conference held in 1808, the West Wheeling 
Circuit was ti'ansferred to the Western Conference, with James Quinn, 
presiding elder; Jacob Young, preacher in charge; and James Wilson, 
James Watts, and Thomas Church, assistants. Tog;ether with these 
brethren were others, named. Revs. Michael Ellis, Caleb Humphrey, and 
Archibald McElroy, the latter at that time a vigorous local preacher, 
and afterwards a regular itinerant for years. 

The early history of the chiirch scarcely furnishes a more singular 
character than that of McElroy. He was without advantages in his 
youth, and of very limited education. But endowed with good sense, 
great natural and moral courage, and withal an honest man, he enjoyed 
the confidence of all who knew him. Possessed of stout frame, manly 
bearing, and open and frank countenance, and being absolutely '^fearless 
in pursuit of the right, he won the respect of all, even those of the baser 
sort.'' At a time when the traffic in intoxicating liquors was some part of 
almost every man's business, and when scarcely a man was to be found, 
either in the pulpit or out of it, to open his mouth upon the subject, McEl- 
roy 6ame forward with lance and trumpet — an unpolished lance, but a 
trumpet with no tmcertain sound — and made war with the beast. He de- 
livered hundreds of temperance lectures, the most electrifying ever heard 
in the State of Ohio. Without any temperance organizations, or news- 
papers to support him, with many of the clergy opposed to him, and 
very few to encourage him, alone in those pioneer times, he lifted up his 
standard. As a preacher he was earnest, enthusiastic, and successful. It 
is said that at one of his quarterly meetings the church could not hold 
the congregation, and they resorted to a grove in the neighborhood. The 
master of a dancing school in the place and some of his pupils went to 
the church late, and finding it vacated, danced awhile, when the master 
said: "Now let us go to the church aud get converted." When they 
reached the ground the preacher. Rev. Swayze, was closing his sermon 


with a thrilling exhortation. The master listened for a few minutes, 
and fell to the ground crying aloud for mercy. McElroy was on hand, and 
■when he saw the dancing master down, he improvised an altar and cried: 
"All hands to, here's a bull in the net, here's a man who taught the 
people to serve the devil by rule, and I pray God to break his fiddle, con- 
vert his soul, and turn his heart to sing his praise." Eev. J. B. Finley 
says in his Autobiography that this occurred at St. Clairsville, but Alfred 
Brownson insists that it took place at Cadiz. 

In those years, when churches were very small, and when the settlers 
lived in cabins, and many of them in rude huts, the people sought the 
groves, and camp meetings were of wonderful interest and success to the 
new and restless church. We have accounts of these meetings being held 
within the bounds of West Wheeling Circuit as early as 1808. In that 
year there was one held at St. Clairsville, under the management of 
James Quinn and Isaac Young, at whix^h, with very little ministerial as- 
sistance, more than one hundred were added to the church. 

A camp meeting was held near Cadiz in 1812, which was attended 
by many of the leading preachers of the Conference. Bishop Asbury 
came from a meeting at Uniontown, Pennsylvania, to attend the meetino- 
at Cadiz. Jacob Gruber, then presiding elder of the Ohio District of 
the Baltimore Conference, accompanied him. Eev. William Lambden, 
v.dio was probably in charge of West Wheeling Circuit, was present, with 
the able support of such men as Rev. J. B. Finley, Eev. Michael Ellis, and 
Eev. Archibald McElroy. The order at the meetings was generally good; 
but a slight interruption occurred on Saturday night. On that occasion 
Bishop Asbury took the stand at midnight, and after saying some kind 
things, told the rabble that the Methodists were not all sanctified, and if 
they perssted in disobeying the rules of the meeting they would find 
that out. The Bishop preached during the meeting. The ministrations 
v/ere all able, and much good was done. 

Just when the Methodists of Cadiz commenced their worship is not 
known. As early as 1806 or 1807, a few families met together from time 
to time, going from house to house with prayer and religious services. 
More frequently, than at any other place, these services were held at 
Brother James Simpson's, the father of the renowned Bishop Simpson. 
The services continued until about 1815, when the society was organized, 
and a Board of Trustees chosen for the purpose of erecting a house of 
v/orship. Thi^i Board consisted of Matthew Simpson, the Bishop's uncle, 
William Tipton, Joseph Tingley, and Thomas Inskeep. On April 20, 


1816, they purchased the lot at the south corner of Spring and Buffalo 
streets, and erected thereon a small church. In this church the Meth- 
odists of Cadiz worshipped without pride or ostentation, and without 
preserving much history, for twenty years. 

In this building, which is still standing, although now much dilapi- 
dated and used for a tenement house, the renowned Bishop Simpson 
preached many of his most powerful sermons. In fact, he was at this 
time sent as an associate pastor to the church, and made his home there. 

Being of very progressive views, he suggested to the church the ad- 
vantages of having a Sabbath School. The older and wiser brethren 
shook their heads and said it would not do to bring the children into the 
church with their dirty faces on Sabbath, that they had hard work 
enough to keep the house clean and in order as it was. The young* 
preacher finally succeeded in the organization of a Sabbath School in 
the house, upon the condition that he would give the house an extra 
sweeping after Sabbath School. This is reputed to be the first Methodist 
Sabbath School established, and the only one existing in the entire 
county for many years. 

Before the removal of Mr. Simpson, measures were introduced with 
a view to the incorporation of the Society, and to replace the old church 
with a more commodious and better structure. In December, 1835, the 
Legislature of Ohio passed an act of incorporation, and Matthew Simp- 
y/son, Edward Tipton, William Tingley, Eobert McKee, James Poulson, 
V Phillip Trine, John Davis, George White, and Elijah Laizure are named 
in the act as trustees. The Matthew Simpson named at the head of the 
list was an uncle to the Matthew who afterward became Bishop Simpson. 

When this church was incorporated, Cadiz was the chief appoint- 
ment of the then St. Clairsville Circuit. The other appointments were 
Pickerson's, ISTew Athens, Stiers, Uniontown, Eaton's, Wesley Chapel, 
Bates', Neff's, Weige's, Crozier's, Mt. Glenn or Cross Eoad, Scott's, Bridge- 
port, Martin's Ferry, Grose's, and Harrisville; two preachers on the cir- 
cuit. The first record of names of preachers is Eev. I. C. Taylor, pastor 
in charge when the second church was built, and James Drummond, his 
colleague, the latter having been received on trial at the conference the 
spring previous. 

Cadiz remained on this circuit until 1866, when it became a regular 
station. The lot upon which the second church was built, and upon 
which now stands the third commodious structure, was deeded to the con- 
gregation by William Tingley and wife. Mr. Tingley was permitted to 


live many years afterward, and was one of the church's most ready and 
willing workers. Among other names as members appear Edniond Tip- 
ion and wife, Eobert McKee and wife, Michael McConnell and wife, 
Cliarles Chapman, wife and daughters, Judge Turner, Mrs. Major Lacy, 
Thomas Thompson, Matthew White, Mrs, William Arnold, and Mrs. 
Dr. McBean. All of them have been called from the church militant 
to the church triumphant- The second church building was commenced 
in 1835, but was not completed until 1836. The dedicatory sermon was 
preached by Eev. Wesley Browning, of Wheeling. Bishop Simpson, who 
was stationed then in Monongahela City, preached at night. 

The present beautiful church building was erected in 1876. 




For several years after the beginning of the present century, the ter- 
ritory comprising N"ottinghani congregation, together with the region 
where Cadiz and Freeport are now located, as well as many other points 
in eastern Ohio, were mission fields, sustained in part by the Synodical 
Home Mission Fund of the Presbyterian Church, which had its officers 
and headquarters in Pittsburgh. For nearly sixteen years there was only 
a mission station in the vicinity where Nottingham Church now stands; 
and all was connected with the pastorate of Crabapple. So far as known, 
Eev. John Rea, pastor of Beech Spring and Crabapple, preached the first 
sermon in this region, on the second Sabbath of June, in the year 1806, 
on the old Cunningham homestead. The history of 


has been made familiar to many residents of Harrison county, through 
the sketches published in 1886, in the "Reminiscences" of Dr. Thomas 
Crawford, for forty years the pastor of this congregatioi*, and though the 
good Doctor's form is now missed from its accustomed place in the church, 
it is to be hoped the remembrance of his genial, helpful, kindly presence 
will live forever in the hearts and minds of his congregation and their 
posterity. In detailing the history of this church, we will follow Dr. 
Crawford's own words : 

In this sketch we propose some historical reminiscences of the Pres- 
byterian Church of Nottingham — its pioneers, pastors, progressive Avork, 
and historical incidents. In the preparation of this narrative I was 


governed by 1113^ cliary, old records, and, in some instances, by the re- 
collections of the oldest citizens. 

For several years the territory of this congregation was considered 
-within the limits of Crabapple and Cadiz churches. Although eight to 
nine miles distant, it was traveled by our forefathers, in hot and cold 
weatber, and often on foot, more regularly than do some of us who live 
but two or three miles distant from the house of public worship. To 
remedy this inconvenience and exposure, a preaching point was estab- 
lished in this vicinity, and the first sermon ever preached by a Presby- 
terian minister in tbis part of Harrison county was by the Eev. John 
Eea, D. D., in the summer of 180G, at the root of a large chestnut tree, 
standing on the eastern slope of the hill, near where the barn now stands 
on the Cunningham farm, and about one-half mile from this house. 

The same element that settled Western Pennsylvania settled South- 
eastern Ohio, and gave to it, as to the former, the Presbyterianism which 
both possess to a very large extent. Those pioneers came into an un- 
broken wilderness, which required hard labor and much self-denial to 
gain a subsistence, and for a time many of them lived in rude and un- 
comfortable cabins, but wore not disposed to leave tbeir religion behind 
them, as is too frequently the case with many emigrating to a new coun- 
try, for no sooner had they found a home for themselves in the western 
wilderness, than they sought a place where they might worship the Lord 
our God. 

Ninety-five years ago this whole region was an unbroken forest, and 
over these hills and through these valleys roamed the wild beast of the 
wood, and the more savage men, with their implements of death. Near 
to this site passed the Indian trail to their hunting grouuds in the !Mus- 
khigum and Scioto countries. At the close of the Ecvolutionary War, 
peace was declared, but only established between Great Britain and the 
United States. 

The Indians still continued hostilities on our frontier settlements,, 
partly owing to the deceptions and frauds imposed upon them by the 
early traders. Scenes, however, began to change for the better, which 
opened up the way for a daring and enterprising population to come into 
the ISTorthwest Territory and to settle in companies, even before Con- 
gress declared Ohio to be regularly constituted a State. 

But those emigrating so early not only encountered the common 
hardships of a frontier life, but for a few years were continually exposed 
to attacks from savage warriors, under such cruel leaders as the reneii'ade 
"Simon Girty," "Old Cross-fire," and "Red Jacket," who, with their In- 
dian forces, infested this whole region, and continued more or less for 
several years after tbe white population began to locate in communities 
near some garrison or block-bouse, into which they were often compelled 
to flee in times of alarm, both for defense and safety. 

The first settlements in this vicinity were made from 1798 to 1803. 
Abraham Brokaw, John Glenn, William Ingles, George Laport, Thomas 


AVilson, Arthur Barrett, Jones, and Moffitt, and perhaps 

others. These were but the advance of a great mass of people that m a 
few years scattered over a hirge tract of country. So, as by magic, the 
JSTorthwest Territory was settled, and signs of civilization were evident, 
by subdued forests, newly erected dwellings, followed by the school 
house and church building. 

So far as we can learn, the first families that came into the bounds, 
and identified themselves with the congregation of Nottingham, were 
those of Abraham Brokaw, John Glenn, Eichard Baxter, Adam Dunlap, 
Samuel Lafferty, and John Price. These were the pioneers of^^esbT-' 
terianism in this region, and amid many trials and discouragements la- 
bored earnestly to establish a nucleus of a church, in which they finally 

When peace was ratified with the Indians, and Ohio admitted into 
the Union of States, the tide of emigration began to flow strongly in this 
direction. In 1802, the great western thoroughfare passed not more than 
three-quarters of a mile from ISTottingham Church, which was the route 
from Pittsburgh by the way of Steuben ville, and from central Pennsyl- 
vania by the way of Charleston (now Wellsburg),. forming a junction 
in this county, which induced the location of Cadiz; then running west 
nine or ten miles, forked on the lands of William Ingles (now owned by 
James Poland). The right branch of this road passed through the 
"■'White Eye" plains, and on by '"'Fort Defiance," into the Sandusky 
region ; the left branch running by the way of Zanesville into the Scioto 
and Miami valleys. Howe, in his "Historical Collections" of this State, 
savs, "that previous to the construction of the jSTational Eoad through 
Ohio, this road v/as perhaps traveled more than any other route west of 
the Ohio river." 

Mr. Ingles, then residing at the junction of the western division of 
this road, found it necessary to keep a public house, for the accommoda- 
tion of the unexpected rush of emigration into this and other settlements 
further west. In the spring of 1802, he erected a large double log cabin, 
considered in those days a magnificent house; and supposed to be the first 
"Hotel" ever kept in "the bounds of this county. A part of the remains 
of this old tavern was still to be seen, imtil qiiite recently, as a monument 
of the past, though vacated long since, and in a retired and lonely spot, 
less than one mile north of this place, but deserted both by residents and 

Some award to our county seat the first public-house erected in tlie 
territory of Harrison county, which, according to history, is incorrect. 
Cadiz was laid out in 1804, by Messrs. Biggs and Beaty. In 1800. is tbe 
first record we have of a hotel kept in that town, by Jacob Arnold. 

At this day of comparative ease and plenty, we know but little of the 
self-denial, privations and hardships endured by the early settlers who 
came into the wilderness to find a home. They mostly emigrated from 
New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and some of them soon 


sought for a place where they might worship God according to the dic- 
tates of conscience, and after the order of their Puritan fathers. But 
few of the first inhabitants were religiously educated, and especially in 
the Presbyterian faith; and that few were necessitated for a time to 
travel some distance to worship in the church of their choice. In 1804, 
the church was organized at Crabapple, by the Presbytery of Ohio, under 
the direction of Drs. McMillan and Kalston, nine miles distant from our 
present house of worship. A committee was appointed to confer with 
Kev. John Kea, D. D., and the elders of Crabapple church, as to the pro- 
priety of establishing a mission station in the "Ball-Lick" settlement. 
It was thought better, for the time being, that all in this vicinity should 
form a connection with that congregation, until further developments 
of divine Providence, which soon indicated a change, because of the dis- 
tance and inconvenience of travel, constraining those in this region to 
have a place for public service nearer home. 

In 1806, a stand was erected in the forest at the base of a large tree 
(before noted), where Dr. Eea preached his first sermon in this part of 
the county. Six weeks after, he returned and held religious services in 
the same place, encouraged by a much larger attendance than on the 
former occasion. A council was held by a few, in connection with the 
preacher, as to the propriety of an organization at this point; but on 
more mature reflection it was thought advisable to make this an outpost 
for missionary work, tributary to Crabapple church, and that their pas- 
tor should continue to labor here part of his time, preaching and admin- 
istering the sealing ordinances of the church to such as desired them, 
to which all parties agreed. Although there was no formal organization 
of this church until several years after, yet it was virtually organized 
under the ministry of Dr. Eea, who continued for five years to preach 
occasionally at this point, a part of the time in a private house, and in 
suitable weather, in the grove. 

In 1808, a tent was erected on the south side of the graveyard, by 
Abraham Brokaw, Pobort Baxter, John Glenn, and Adam Dunlap. This 
tent was occupied in the summer season for eight or ten years, and the 
house of Robert Baxter in the winter or stormy days. 

In the call that was made out in 1805 by the church of Crabapple 
and vicinity for the labors of Rev. John Rea the one-half of his time, 
the representatives of Nottingham interest signed said call with the ex- 
press understanding that a part of the pastor's services would be em- 
ployed in this region, if desired. Fifty pounds per annum was the sum 
specified in the call, one-half in cash and the other half in produce; the 
latter to be delivered at a certain llourins: mill near the mouth of Big 
Short creek. In keeping with these conditions, the supplies of grain in- 
creased rapidly, at such prices as 20 to 25 cents a bushel for wheat, and 
12 to 25 cents for corn and rye. It soon became necessary for the min- 
inister to have his large stock of produce manufactured and put into 
market, that he might procure some funds wherewith to replenish his 


library, and supply the wants of his hmisohnld. When a sufficient num- 
ber of barrels and lading were ready to (ill a ilat boat, a man of approved 
character and ability was employed to take the oversight of the cargo, 
and ship it down the Ohio and IMississippi rivers to some southern port, 
make sale, and bring back the returns, which, after paying expenses, were 
often quite small. 

Mr. Rea was the first minister of the gospel of Christ to gather a 
group of worshippers in the western part of Harrison county, and amid 
great difficulties and much self-denial, continued his mission to this 
people until the Beech Spring congregation presented a call for the whole 
of his time, with a salary of one hundred pounds sterling, payable semi- 
annually, which he was constrained to accept in 1810, and immediately 
occupied all his time in that church. 

Mr. Eea established the ISTottingham Mission, in 180G, and served 
it at stated times from the beginning, until 1810, when all his labors 
were required at Beech Springs, where his pastorate continued forty- 
five years, and during all this time, he was much beloved and appreciated 
by the people. The older members of the congregation were enthusias- 
tically attached to him, both as a preacher and spiritual adviser, and 
well they might be, for he was untiring iu his exertions for their well- 

Thomas B. Clark, a licentiate of the Presbytery of Hartford, Ohio, 
came into this vicinity in the spring of 1811, and supplied the Mission 
Station every fourth Sabbath for six years; for there was no formal or- 
ganization of a church here then, though often considered and desired 
by the scattered families of the "Ball Lick" settlement, but from some 
cause unknown to us, it was still postponed, perhaps from the pretext 
that regular preaching, and the sealing ordinances were enjoyed at this 
place, as an outpost of Crabapple. 

Mr. Clark was ordained and installed at Crabapple by the Presbytery 
of Ohio, June, 1811, and continued to preach there, and fill this appoint- 
ment until he was dismissed in 1818. He had the credit of being quite 
punctual in his engagements, and rarely failed to meet his contracts for 
public worship, although his labors were abundant, for his pastorate 
covered a territory of about fourteen miles square. 

When coming to this place, his road passed a flouring mill, on a 
branch of Stillwater. Being a conscientious and zealous man, he was ex- 
ceedingly annoyed by the running of this mill on the Sabbath, and was 
in the habit of reproving the miller (Mr. Logan) for his desecration 
of the Lord's day. On oiie occasion, when coming to his preaching place 
at the "Old Tent," as he passed on Sunday morning, near the hour of 
public service, discovering that the mill was in motion, he stopped his 
horse, paused for a moment, as if reflecting on what was his duty, at 
length dismounted and tied up his bridle-strap, Avent into the mill to dis- 
suade, if possible, his reckless friend from a continued violation of civil 
and divine law. But Mr. Logan evaded the minister, for, going out at the 


roar door, lio locked it aflcr liini, and coiniiifr round ho secured ilio other 
door, "makinpf," as ho said, "a prisoner of the parson," and keeping him 
confined until the horn- of pid)lio worship Iiad expired. 

Then Mr. Clark, for a few moments, directed his discourse to the 
transoressor, and kindly remonstrated with him on what was his duty 
in reference to the claims of God and the eoiiimonwealth, and in view 
of his family and himself in future. ITis exhortations were 7iot lost, for 
the Lord succeeded these efforts to the rcforrnaiion of Mr. Logan, who 
became the warm friend of Mr. Clark, changed his course of life, and in 
a few months made a profession of religion under his ministry. 

In the spring of 1821, Rev. William Wallace, an evangelist, under 
the direction of Steubenville Presbytery, came into this neighborhood, 
and after preaching here and elsewhere for about six months, he made 
application to Presbytery, by request of the people, for an organization 
of a church at the "Tent." 

The request was granted, and Mi-. Wallace was chairnum of a com- 
mittee that organized the Church of Nottingham, November 17, 1833, 
with twenty-two names on the roll, as follows: Archibald Todd, Nancy 
Todd, Thouias Morrow, Jane l\lorrow, William Crawford, Adam Dunhip, 
Abraham Brokaw, Margaret l>j-okuw, Elizabeth J^aU'erty, Samuel Lafferty, 
John Glenn, Nancy Glenn, John Price, Mrs, Price, William Hamilton, 
Elizabeth Hamilton, John Peed, Ann Heed, Pobert Baxter, Margaret 
Baxter, Mary W. Wallace, and Sarah McKil)l)on. 

'J'he following persons were elected ruling ciders, and iinmediately 
ordained and installed, namely: Archibald Todd, William Crawford, and 
Thomas Moi-row. 

Kev. William Wallace, a member of the Presbytery of Steubenville, 
having spent a few months in this and other missionary points in the 
western part of the county, a call for one-half of his labors was made out 
by the congregation of Nottingham, ]\Iarch 18, ,1833, signed ])y Archibald 
Todd, liobert Baxter, and fourteen others, moderated by Pev. John 
Pea, and carried up to the April meeting of the Presbytery and put into 
the hands of Mr. Wallace, who, signifying his acceptance, was duly in- 
stalled pastor. 

The stipend was to be paid quarterly, one-fourth in cash and tliree- 
fourths in produce. Money was scarce, and little to sell with which to 
procure it. The products of the ground were few, until the wilderness 
was subdued and turned into cultivated fields; and after a supply of 
grain was had, the markets were so distant, the ]al)or of shij^ping so 
tedious and costly, that when the expenses were paid the agriculturist 
had little left. 

The whole amount of salary promised Mr. Wallace was but three 
hundred dollars per annum, paid equally by this and tlie Freeport 
Church, To us this appears like short allowance for the preacher, as it 
surely was. Yet it would go as far in those days toward supporting a 


family as more than double the amount would do with the prices of these 

Eev. William Wallace, son of John and Margaret (Anderson) Wal- 
lace, wsis horn in Chester county, Pa., March 17, 1787. He finished his 
academic education at Jefferson College, Pa,; studied Theology under the 
direction of James Hervey, D. D., and was licensed to preach the Gospel 
by the Presbytery of Steubenville in the spring of 1821. He entered the 
service of his Divine Master as a domestic missionary, going through the 
new settlements of eastern Ohio, and hunting up families of the Pres- 
byterian order, and when finding one or more such families in any desti- 
tute place, he would publish a notice for preaching at some convenient 
point, and in this way was instrumental in gathering up and forming 
nuclei from which have arisen some of our most prominent congregations. 

After reporting progress to Presbyter}^, he was appointed chairman 
of a committee that organized several churches in this territory, and 
among them the Churches of Nottingham and Freeport, and to each of 
the last named places he gave one-half of his labors for eighteen years, 
until his health so failed that he was compelled to resign his charge in 
1839, and after two years of increasing infirmities, he died of heart dis- 
ease, December 18, 1841, in the fifty-fifth year of his age, having spent 
twenty years in the work of the ministry. 

Eev. Gilbert M. Hair was then in charge of this congregation two 
years. Mr. Hair graduated at Wasbington College, Pa., in 1838, studied 
Theology (while teaching an academy in Martinsburg, Ohio), with Henry 
Hervey, D. D., and was licensed to preach the Gospel by the Presbytery 
of Eichland, October, 1810. He received a call from the congregation of 
Nottingham, and was ordained and installed pastor of this church in the 
Spring of 1841, by the Presbytery of St. Clairsville, and continued in this 
relation two years. Another opening oft'ering itself more to his mind, he 
then asked and received a dismission in April, 1843, to the church at 
Wellsburg, W. Va. Mr. Hair, after laboring successfully in fourteen 
different charges, died June 5, 1884, at Elyria, New York. 

Thomas E. Crawford, a licentiate of the Presbytery of Steubenville, 
immediately received a call from the church of Nottingham. He began 
his ministerial work October 19th, 1846, and in due time was ordained 
and installed pastor, continuing in this office fort}'' years. He graduated 
at Franklin College, Ohio, in 1 844, and on the same day was chosen Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics in said College; and during the time of his teach- 
ing there, he read Hebrew under the President, Eev. A. D. Clark, D. D., 
and Theology under Dr. Eea. He soon left college for the purpose of 
completing his studies; and was licensed to preach the Gospel by the 
Presbytery of Steubenville, October 6th, 1846. 

He was born near New Athens, Ohio, March 8th, 1821, and when 
but a few months old, his parents and family removed to Jefferson 
county, near Steubenville, Ohio. At the age of fourteen, he began his 
academic studies, preparatory to entering college. In the eighteenth year 


of his ago, he -nnitcrl Arith the church under the ministry of Eer. Jacob 
Coon, of ^STew Athens, during a revival of religion that occurred among 
the students in 1840. 

After he received authority to preach, he took a traveling certificate 
to the Presbyterian church and Presbytery of ]\Iarion, but ncTcr reached 
the place; for when ready to start. Dr. Rea insisted on him filling an ap- 
:)ointment at the Church of ISTottingham, which was vacant, and at once 
le received a call, and returning his traveling certificate to the Presb}^- 
tery of Steubenville, was regularly dismissed to the Presbytery of St. 
Clairsville, and in due time was ordained and installed pastor of said 
church, for tAvo-thirds of his time; and the one-third at Deersville, as 
stated supply for nine years, from October, 184G, when he was called to 
spend all his time and labors at the Church of ISTottingham. 

At the time of my installation as pastor, the Board of Elders con- 
sisted of Archibald Todd, Kathan Tanneyhill, Alexander Russell, Alex- 
ander Beall, William Kirkpatrick, and John W. Milligan. Shortly after, 
Joseph Rea and Allen AVallace were added to the Session; but one of the 
former is still living and quite infirm, being far advanced in years. All 
those men were reliable and trustworthy in counsel. In 1863J A. J. Rea 
and Samuel ]\I. Wallace were introduced into the Session. In 1870, John 
W. Hilton, Jacob Compher, and William Scott were added to the Board 
of Elders. 

The first house of worship erected by this congregation was a log- 
cabin, which stood a short distance above the "Old Tent," and was built 
in 1821 by Abraham Brokaw, Thomas Morrow, Archibald Todd, Adam 
Dunlap, and Samuel Lafl"erty. The last two named men having o-ood 
teams, were requested to draw in the logs, whilst the balance of the 
labor was divided according to choice. The ladies, by personal efforts, 
procured the nails and glass. It was a rude structure, but answered the 
purposes for the time being. In the winter season, a pile of logs was built 
on an earthen platform in the center of the building, and fired up to warm 
the auditory, whilst the smoke escaped as best it could from the roof. This 
house corresponded in the main with the improvements of those days, and 
was e([ual in architecture to the dwellings of the worshippers. There were 
no Boards of Home Missions and Church Erection in those times to aid 
young and feeble congregations to build houses or sustain preachino- in 
their midst. There was, however, a Synodical Fund for the purpose of 
aiding mission stations. Money was scarce and hard to be got; and had 
there been convenient markets, there was not grain to sell, for the land 
was not yet cleared out, but crops were produced abundantly in pro- 
portion to the ground brought under cultivation. 

The second house of worship was a brick building, fifty by forty feet, 
and began to be constructed in 1828, but was not completed until' 1833. 
The congregation worshiped in this edifice twenty-nine years, until it be- 
came rather small for the people that desired to attend church, to be com- 
fortably seated. It was deemed necessary to call a meeting to consider 


the propriety of erecting a larger house for the accommodatioii of the 
increased attendance on the preaching of the Word. 

According to previous notice, the people met in the month of 
August, 1859, to confer upon the subject, in relation to building a third 
house of worship. The books were opened at said meeting, and about 
one-half of the whole amount of money necessary to complete the struc- 
ture was subscribed on sight, in less than thirty minutes. _ Duplicate 
papers were prepared and sent around to the absentees, and in due time 
returned with the required money pledged. A building committee was 
appointed at a meeting held February 3, 1860, and directed to erect a 
house seventy-three by fifty feet in the out, with gallery in front, twenty- 
feet story in audience room, and tower one hundred and six feet high. 

The committee, after receiving sealed proposals on a certain day, 
let out the contract to Mr. John McGraw, of Wheeling, W. Va., who un- 
dertook and finished the entire building ready for occupancy, in a satis- 
factory and workman-like maimer. And this house was dedicated, free 
from debt, to the worship of Almighty God, April 18th, A. D. 1861, and 
continues to this time. 


This church was organized in 3 821, by the Presbytery of Steuben- 
ville. Messrs. Holliday, Leaper, and Ivincade were ordained and in- 
St-dled ruling elders. For five years before that date the congregation 
had received occasional supplies from Presbytery, some account of them 
already having been given in connection with the sketch of the Presby- 
terian Church of Cadiz. The first pastor was Eev. William Wallace, who 
divided his services equally between Nottingham and Freeport. He sup- 
plied both pulpits until the spring of 1839, when he was compelled to re- 
sign, on account of failing health. He died of heart failure, Dec. IS, 
1841. Mr. Wallace was a man of ardent piety and practical worth. The 
Freeport church attained a larger membership and greater efficiency 
under his pastorate than it has ever enjoyed since. 

Eev. John Hattery, an evangelist from Washington Presbytery, be- 
came stated supply at Freeport in 1843, for two-thirds of his labors, and 
remained until 1847. He was succeeded by Eev. Samuel Mahaffey, who 
served as stated supply for something over eight years. From 1857 to 
1859, occasional supplies were sent by Presbytery; and in the latter year 
Eev. John B. Graham became stated supply, giving Freeport a portion 
of his time, and remained until 1865, when he was dismissed to the Pres- 
bytery of Washington. After his departure, Eev. Samuel Mahaffey was 
again invited to supply Freeport for one-half his time, and served the 
conorecation from 1867 to 1873. He was succeeded, three years later, 
by Eev. H. E. McDonald, who remained until 1881. 



The following Historical Address, giving an account of the early 
history of Dickerson Church, was delivered by Mr. Joseph Holmes, one 
of the trustees, at the dedication of the new building, near Cadiz, on 
October 7, 1888: 

The history of the Dickerson Society commences early in the present 
century. As early as March, 1801, Joseph Holmes moved to the farm on 
which he lived and died. Soon after, the following settlers came into 
the neighborhood: Joseph Huff, William Walraven, Thomas Dickerson, 
Eli Dickerson, VV'illiam Scoles, James and Thomas Worley, Abraham 
Holmes, and William Welling. In the Fall of 1802, Thomas Dickerson 
settled on the farm on which Dickerson Church is located. He was a 
man of strong religious convictions, and during the same Fall, he suc- 
ceeded in the organization of a prayer-meeting circle, at which he gave 
religious instruction to those who attended the meetings. The meetings 
were held weekly, from house to house in the neighborhood, and they 
increased in numbers and interest from time to time, imder the super- 
vision of Thomas Dickerson. In 1801, a Society of Methodists was or- 
ganized, with Thomas Dickerson duly appointed class-leader. 

Among the first meml)ers of the society were: Thomas Dickerson 
and wife, Joseph Holmes and wife, William Walraven and wife, William 
Scoles and wife, James Worley and wife, Abraham Holmes and wife, EU 
Dickerson and wife, William Welling and wife, and James Jones and 
wife. /Preaching was held like the prayer-meetings, from house to house. 
'In those days, sermons were like angel's visits, "few and far between." 
The first quarterly meeting was held on the farm of Joseph Holmes in 
the summer of 1805. This meeting was conducted by the Rev. Asa 
Shinn. Methodists and others from beyond and about Wellsburg, on 
the Ohio river, and from the Holmes Church, on Short creek, came to 


the meetinfi:, not only to renew the friendship of other years, hut to aitl 
in pushing forward the cause of Christ. 

It may seem strange to those of modern times, when we describe the 
arrangements for holding this first quarterly meeting. The meeting 
was held in the grove. The seats were made of rails, logs, and puncheons. 
A few puncheons were used for a platform. In each of two trees, stand- 
ing about six feet apart, a notch was cut, and in those notches was placed 
a puncheon about sixteen inches wide, and on this the preacher laid his 
Bible, and this was the make-up of the preacher's pulpit. The meeting 
was one of great spiritual power, and several persons united with the 

The second quarterly meeting was held on the farm of Thomas 
Dickcrson in 1807, with the same arrangements, aud like results. In 
1813, a quarterly meeting was held in the barn of Thomas Dickerson, 
conducted by Eev. James B. Finley. From 1807, preaching services be- 
came more frequent. Asa Shinn, James B. Finley, Bishop Eoberts, and 
the Eev. McElroy, were some of the early itinerate ministers who have 
preached in our community. 

The first church was built in 1817; although the selection of a site 
for a church had been made in 1806. The first burial in the cemetery 
was in 1807. The ground was conveyed by Thomas Dickerson and wife 
to Joseph Holmes, William Scoles, William Welling, James Worley, and 
Abraham Holmes, as trustees of the M. E. Church. 

The organization of the Dickerson Church is clearly traceable to the 
labors of Bishop Asbviry and Bishop McKendree, from the fact that 
the first members of the church came from Virginia and Pennsylvania, 
direct from the fields of labor of these great and good men. But directly 
to Thomas Dickerson, more than to any other, belongs the honor of the 
oro-anization of the church at this place. He was blessed with a fine so- 
cial nature, and a vigorous constitution. His piety was deep and uni- 
form. . . . From 1817 to 1828, the church moved steadily forward. 
In 1828, Thomas Hudson and S. E. Brockunier were appointed to the 
West Wheeling Circuit, and this circuit included the Dickerson appoint- 
ment. During this year, there Avere some accessions to the church, and 
the membership was greatly revived. But the year 1829 is especially re- 
markable for its great spiritual prosperity at Dickerson's. During this 
vear, Thomas Hudson and William Tipton were travel Ung the circuit 
and Joshua Monroe, Presiding Elder. 

At the first meeting of the Quarterly Conference that 3'ear, a re- 
solution was passed to hold a camp-meeting on the farm of Thomas 
Dickerson. The meeting was appointed, and was largely attended. In 
the "Life and Times of Eev. Thomas M. Hudson," he says, as the meet- 
ino- progressed, the work of revival greatly increased, awakenings be- 
coming more general, and conversions more frequent every day. . . . 
He tells us, that among the numerous subjects of that great revival that 
he received into the church at Cadiz, were many interesting young men, 


five of wliom became ministers of the Gospel. Bishop Simpson was one 
of them. 

vSorae weeks after the close of the camp-meeting, Hudson determined 
to hold a meeting at the Dickerson appointment. As a result of this 
meeting, over sixty persons professed conversion. . . . This revival 
included to a greater or less extent the families of the entire neighbor- 
hood, and bore its fruit for many years. 

From 1829 to 1835 the church was in a prosperous condition. But 
during 1835 and 1836 many members of the Dickerson appointment re- 
moved their membership to New Athens. The number of members thus 
removing was about twenty-live. This greatly weakened the Dickerson 
Society. This removal of membership was caused by a new church being 
built at New Athens. But those remaining still adhered to the Society 
with a strong faith. In 1839, the second camp-meeting was held, on the 
old camp ground. ... As a result of this meeting, several persons 
united with the Society. 

From 1840 to 1850, the membership remained about the same. 
There were several additions to the church during 1851 and 1852, but 
during the winter of 1853, a revival meeting was held by Eev. D. P. 
Mitchell and Kev. J. D. Knox. . . . This was the last protracted 
effort ever held in the old church building. . . . 

It was the opinion of many and the desire of others, that as soon 
as Thomas Dickerson was gone, the old church should be abandoned, 
and that the members of the Society should either go to Cadiz or New 
Athens — but those persons were much mistaken. Thomas Dickerson 
died. The workman fell, but still the work went on. The mantle of 
Thomas Dickerson was resting on the shoulders of his son, Joseph Dick- 
erson. By much labor of his own, with such help as he could secure, the 
second church was built, in 1854. The dedicatory sermon was preached 
by Dr. Nesbitt. After the building of the new church, the Society re- 
ceived new life. The membership increased from sixty-five in 1856, to 
ninety-three in 1858. For the next two years after, the membership re- 
mained about the same. 

The next four years were years of war, and while the Society and 
community were loyal to the church, they were also loyal to the Govern- 
ment. In proof of this, twenty-eight of the young men that were either 
members or patrons of the Society gave their services to their country. 
"Within a circle of one and one-fourth miles from the church, thirty-eight 
of our best and bravest young men left for the seat of war. It is not 
saying too much when we declare, that the Dickerson neighborhood fur- 
nished more soldiers to the square inch than any other country-place 
in the county. 

The first Sabbath school was organized in 1825, with Joseph Dick- 
erson as superintendent. 

This history would be deficient without the names of its class-leaders 
from its organization to the present. They are as follows: Thomas 



Dickerson was leader for forty-eight years. During the latter part of his 
life, he had an assistant. The next, in order, were Joseph Dickerson, 
Joshua Dickerson, A. H. Thomas, William Perry, Washington Soule, 
Joseph Holmes, Ahraham Holmes, R. B. Green, S. M. Dickerson, and 
G. B. Holmes. From ISO-i to 1855, there was hut one class. In the lat- 
ter year, it was divided into three classes, and a leader appointed for each 


Time has removed nearly all who were born before the building of 
the first church. Only three' remain with us [in 1888]. They are, Asa 
and Mary Holmes, and (Knob) Joshua Dickerson. Only seven persons 
now hold their membership with us who were members of the Society 
when the second church was built. The others have either died or re- 
moved to other places. Joshua Dickerson's membership — now the oldest 
■ — dates from 1837. 

In the history of the Society, we deem it necessary to briefly re- 
fer to others who have gone from our midst, and were either members 
of the church or Sabbath school. 

From the family of William Scoles, two young men went forth to 
preach the Gospel. . The family of James and Susan Jones furnished 
five Methodist preachers. A. H. Thomas died when he was Presiding 
Elder. During the last decade, 0. W. Holmes and W. H. Dickerson have 
entered the ministry from this Society; also, David Porter, who was a 
member of the Sabbath school. 

There are others who have taken high positions in life. From a 
class of twelve young men in the Sabbath school, which I had the pleas- 
ure of teaching, were Capt. Joseph Dickerson, Capt. Thomas McElravy, 
Capt. John Finley Oglevee, ex-auditor of the State of Ohio, Col, J. T. 
Holmes, of Columbus, Abraham Thomas, a minister of the North Ohio 
Conference, Dr. Hamline Welling, of Columbus, Capt, William McEl- 
TSLYj, of Iowa, William Oglevee, of Illinois, Rev. D. S. Porter, David Har- 
rison of Kansas, James Oglevee of the 126th Q, Y.JL, now resting in the 
cemetery at this place, and Robert McElravy, who was killed in the cap- 
ture of Richmond. 


The following sketch of Bethel Church was written by Mr. J. 
Fletcher Birney, of Means, Ohio, and printed by him in 1894: 

Rev. James B. Finley, the pioneer of Ohio Methodism, organized 
the first class in this vicinity, at what is now the home of Joseph L. 
Thompson, one mile north of Cadiz, in the 5^ear 1811. 

It consisted of nine members, as follows: Morris West, leader; 
John Baker, Sr., and Margaret Baker; William Foreman, Sr., and Sarah 
Foreman; Zebedee Baker and Cassandra Baker; Joseph Kent, and Eliza- 
beth Chaney. 

In 1814, when John Birney, Sr., from Ireland, and his brothers. 


Hugh and William, with their families, from PGnnsylvania, arrived here, 
two other classes were formed, one at the Baker farm, one mile west of 
the church, on the Cadiz and Jefferson road; the other at what is now 
the home of Mrs. Samuel Pittinger, one-half mile south of Jewett. Hugh 
Birney, St., and John Baker, Sr., led the classes alternately. ' Eobert 
McKee and Kichael McKee, and Nancy Moore (Foreman), joined soon 

The three classes continued nntil 1818, when Bethel Society was 
formed. In March of that year, one acre of land was purchased of Pobert 
Orr, for which twenty dollars was paid. It was deeded to John Baker and 
others. On this lot the old log church was built. It was about thirtv 
feet square, and stood about twenty-five feet west of and parallel with the 
present building. The door Avas in the center of the east end. The pulpit 
was in the west end, with a window on each side of it. The seats were 
split logs, with legs in them._ In the rear part of the house, they were 
placed north and south; and in the fore part, east and west. 

The preaching then, was at noon on Thursdays. 

Eev. Jacob Young followed Eev. Finley as circuit preacher. 

From the building of the church, to 1830, the following persons 
united with the organization : Hugh and Jane Brown, Eobert and Mar- 
garet Birney, Mrs. Keziah Wheeler, Mrs. Nancy (Foreman) Moore, Mrs. 
:\rary Ealston, Abraham and Deborah Busby, Eebecca Busby, William 
Kent, Sr., and his wife. 

From 1830 to 18-10: Samuel Foreman, Lemuel and Mary Green 
Ellen Gallagher, Otho and Mary Baker, Evan Baker, John and Leucintha 
Ealston, Charles Conaway and wife, Lydia Eyan, John Brindley, Sr., and 
wife, James ]\IcKee, Hamilton and Hugh Birney, Jane Scarlot, Abram 
and Mary Mattern, Mary, wife of George Lease, Sr., Cassandra Fife 
Jacob and Eebecca Dennis, Jacob Lewis, Sr. ' 

Of the above named persons, but four are now [1894] living (Ham- 
ilton Birney, John Brindley, Sr., Jane Lease, and Deborah Maxwell) 
The rest have gone to their reward. Most of their bodies rest in Bethel 

The present church is about forty by fifty feet. It was beo-un in 
1839 — Eev. Pardon Cook the preacher in charge. Its seating capacity 
is about 300. The brick was made near where the church stands by 
James Means, of Cadiz; the mason work was done by Andrew and 
James Jelly; the carpentering, by T. W. Wells, who lived near the 
church. The pulpit, at first, was one of the upper story kind, as it took 
three high steps to get into it ; and the preacher had to stand up to see 
over the top. The seats were high-backed, and closed at the bottom 
The building cost $1,600. ... It was dedicated by Eevs. Edward 
Smith and A. J. Eich, entirely free from debt, in 1840.' 

Following were the preachers who ministered to Bethel conoreo-a- 
tion from 1835 to 18G0 (Cross Creek Circuit): William Tipton and W 
Hank, 1825-26; J. Monroe and S. Adams, 1826-27; J. Monroe and J* 


Graham. 1827-28; J. Graham and E. H. Taylor, 1828-29; W. Knox and E. 
H. Taylor, 1829-30; W. Knox and D. C. Merryman, 1830-31; S. E. 
Brockunier and D. C. Merrvman, 1831-32; Simon Lauck and Walter 
Athev, 1832-33; Simon Lauck and P. Green, 1833-34; E. H. Taylor and 
W. Athey, 1834-35; J. P. Kent and H. Wharton, 1835-36; T. Jamison 
and Job "Wilson, 183G-37; J. W. ]\Iinor and P. K. McCue, 1837-38; C. 
Thorn and Alexander Scott, 1838-39; Pardon Cook and J. Hammett, 
1839-40; Edward Smith and A. J. Rich, 1840-41; James C. Taylor and 
W. F. Lauck, 1841-42; Wesley Smith and J. L. Clark, 1842-43; Weslev 
Smith and T. McCleary, 1843-44; Ebenezer Havs and B. F. Sawhill, 1844- 
46; Charles Thorn and David S. Welling, 1846-47; J. C. Merryman and 
J. Henderson, 1847-48; J. C. Merryman and J. W. Shirer, 1848-49; John 
J. MolHt and C. A. Holmes, 1849-51; D. P. Mitchell and George Crook, 
1851-52; D. P. Mitchell and J. D. Knox, 1852-53; S. F. Minor and L. 
Pettay, 1853-55; S. P. AVolf and Hiram Sinsahaugh, 1855-57; John J. 
Moffitt and E. W. Brady, 1857-58; John J. Moffit and W. B. Watkins, 
1858-59; J. M. Bray and H. M. Close, 1859; J. M. Bray and James Day, 
1860; Alexander Scott and J. W. Shearer, 1860; Alexander Scott and 
T. J. Scott, 1860-62. 

Bethel appointment was first in the bounds of Knox Circuit, Musk- 
ingum District, Western Conference, with James Quinn Presiding Elder. 
The Conference for that year (1811) was held at New Chapel, Shelby 
county, Kentuclq^, on Kovember 1st, 1810. In 1813, it fell into the 
Ohio Conference, and in 1825, into the Pittsburgh Conference. The 
Circuit then bore the name of Cross Creek, which it retained until 1834, 
when it was changed to Richmond. In 1838, the Conference was held at 
Cadiz, Bishop Enoch George presiding. Bethel was then joined to Cadiz 
Circuit, which had been formed the year previous. In 1847, the Circuit 
was composed of the following appointments: Cadiz, Bethel, Athens, 
and Harrisville. Stiers was added in 1850, and Jefferson in 1852 (formed 
in 1847, by David Welling), Rumley and Hanover (the latter formed by 
C. Thorn and W". Devinney), in August, 1853, and Jewett (formed in 
1847), in December, 1853. The same year, Harrisville, Athens, Stiers, 
and Dickerson's were joined to other Circuits, leaving five appointments. 
In 1854, Rumley was dropped. In 1864, Cadiz and Dickerson's were 
joined, leaving Bethel, Jefi'erson, Jewett, and Hanover. The Circuit was 
then named Bethel Circuit, which name was retained until 1887, when 
it was changed to Jewett. After the formation of the Society at Howard 
Chapel (Cadiz Junction), in 1892, a new Circuit was formed, consisting 
of Bethel, Howard Chapel, Mount Plope, and Asbury Chapel, and named 
Bethel Circuit, which name it still retains. 

The District bore the following names: West Wheeling, 1825-26; 
Barnesville, 1826-32; Steubonville, 1832-36; Wheeling. 1836-40; Steu- 
benville, 1840-47; Cambridge, 1847-76; New Philadelphia, 1876-94. 

Presiding Elders, to i860: Rev. W. Lambdin, 1825-28; Rev. D. 
Limerick, 1828-29; Rev. J. Monroe, 1829-32; Rev. W. Browning, 1832- 


36; Eev. S. E. Brockimier, 1830-40; Eev. B. Hopldns, 1840-44; Eev. H. 
Gilmore, 1844-46; Eev. S. E. Brockimier, 1846-48; Eev. J. C. Taylor, 
1848-52; Eev. W. Cox, 1852-55; Eev. John J. Moffiitt, 1855-56: Eev. W. 
F. Lauck, 1S56-60; Eev. W. A. Davidson, D. D., 1860-63. 

The cemetery was laid out when the old church was built, the lots 
in rows, about ten feet wide, running north and south, and were taken by 
families as follows, beginning at the west end : First row, Holland, Web- 
ster, Devore; second row, Tipton, Hatton, Eutledge; third row. Busby, 
Auckerman, Braden, Young; fourth row. Busby, Pittinger, Adams; fifth 
row, Pittinger, Lemasters, Fife, Maxwell; sixth row, Ealston, Eankin, 
Ivnox, Eyan; seventh row, McKee, Brindley; eighth row. Foreman; ninth 
row, Thompson, Campbell; tenth row. Baker; eleventh row, Beaty, 
Brown, Green, Dennis; twelfth row, Hugh Birney, John Birney, Sr. ; 
thirteenth row, Lewis, Kent, Eobert Birney, Sr. ; fourteenth row, George 
Lease, Wheeler; fifteenth row, liorman, Bargar; sixteenth row, Mehol- 
lin, Speer; seventeenth row, H. Thompson, Busby. In 1858, the ceme- 
tery was enlarged by the purchase of fifty-four perches of ground; and 
again, in 1881, by the addition of two acres. Hugh Brown's head-stone 
is dated 1822; and those of Margaret, wife of John Baker, Sr., and Mar- 
garet, daughter of John Birney, Sr., are both dated 1829. Many head- 
stones have crumbled, until the dates are lost. 

Deceased members, with year of death: Cash Adams, 1892; Maggie 
C. Ault, LS91; John Baker," Sr., 1847; J\rargaret Baker, 1829; Otho 
Baker, 1855; Marv Baker, 1870; Evan Baker, 18—; John Baker, Jr., 
1879; Eezin Baker, 1876; Sarah T. Baker, 1892; William Baker. 1890; 
Laura B. Baker, 1886; Mollie Baker, 1889; Mary Jane Baker, 1863: John 
Birne}', Sr., 1854; Eebecca B. Birnev, 1843; Hugh Birnev, Sr.,'l861; 
Elizabeth B. Birney, 1828; Nancv C' Birnev, 1854; Eobert Birney, Sr., 
1871; Margaret Birney, 1866; John ^s^. Birnev, 1876; Hugh Birney, 
1880; Eobert Birnev, 1884; Eachel M. Birney, 1886; Nelson Birnev, 
1867; Samuel F. Birney, 1894; Isabel Birney, 1863; Hester M. Birney, 
1888; Elias Benedict, 18—; Hugh Brown, 1822; Jane Brown, 1884; Wil- 
liam Brown, 1874; Lizzie Brown, 1887; John Brown, 1873; Sarah Boals, 
18—; Ann B. Brindlev, 1889: Wesley Brindlev, 1876; Albert Brindlev, 
1869; Mary Ann Bradford, 1882: Abraham Busby, 1855; Deborah Busby, 
1884; Eebecca Busby, 1892; Shird Busby, 1884; May A. Crawford, 18—; 
Charles Conaway, 18 — ; Fanny Conaway, 18 — ; John Campbell, 18 — ; 
Margaret Copeland, 1861; Ankrim Caldwell, 1881; Arthur Chaney, 1884; 
Elizabeth Chaney, 18 — ; Jacob Dennis, Sr., 1880; Jacob Dennis, Jr., 
1890; Eebecca Dennis, 1883; Aaron Dennis, 1866; Cassandra Fife, 18—; 
William Foreman, Sr., 1845; Sarah Foreman, 1864; Jennie E. Ford, 
1893; John Folks, 18 — ; Lemuel Green, 1860; Lizzie Green, 18 — ; Mary 
T. Green, 1879; Cordelia Gallaher, 1865; Eehocca Gntshall, 1881; 
Thomas Healy, 18—; Phebe J. Hines, 1884; Lewis Hall, 18—; Hiram 
I-Iarriman, 18—; S. 0. Howell, 1880; Eachel Jenkins, 1886; William 
Kent, Sr., 1872; Katie Kent, 1882; W. W. Kent, 1886; Asbury Kent, 


18—; Susan C. Kent, 18S6; Zaelmriah Kont, 18—; Kennedy Kent, 1883; 
Joseph Kent, Sr., 18 — ; Joseph Lewis, 1858; Mary Lewis, 1850; Eliza- 
beth Lewis, 18 — ; Josiah Lewis, 18 — ; William Lemasters, 1878; Jacob 
Lewis, Sr., 1882; Abram Mattern, 1880; ]\[arv B. Mattern, 1890; Hu£vh 
:Nrattern, 1876; Eobert i\reKee,, Sr., 1851; Kaehel McKee, 18-17; Hannah 
i\[cKee, 18 — ; James j\reKee, Sr., 18—; Catharine McKce, 18G1; Ann 
B. McDivitt, 1863; IMartha A. Xonnan, 1890; James Eoberts, 18—; John 
llalston, 1881; Leusintha A. TJalston, 1846; Ella Rntled.sxe, 1884; Jane 
Scarlet, 1868;' Rebecca Snyder, ISS'^; Euth A. Snyder, 1892; Catharine 
Speer, 1883; Maruaret Speer, 1886; Sophia Speer, 1849; John Thompson, 
1893; Elizabeth Thompson, 1858; Iluoh T. Thompson, 1878; Marv Ann 
Thompson, 1880; Harry Thompson, 1891; Thomas Thompson, Sr.,"l875; 
Rebecca Thompson, 1854; Mary Thompson, Sr., 1860; Thomas Tumble- 
son, 18 — ; Keziah Wheeler, 1876; Morris West, IS — ; Mclinda Young, 


This church was organized about the year 1814, by Kev. James Rob- 
erts and Thomas Dic.kerson. Services were held for some five years in 
the log-cabin of Thomas Rankin, during which time, among others, the 
following members were enrolled: Thomas Rankin, Mary Rankin, 
James and Hester Rankin, William Johnson and wife, Joshua Dickerson, 
John. Early and wife, Jonathan Early and wife, Margaret Early, Arthur 
Barrett, Isaac Barrett, William Jones, Rachel Jones. 

In 1819, Thomas Rankin donated an acre of ground to the Society 
on Section 31, in Moorefield township, for the site of a church, and bury- 
ino- ofround. Soon after, a loc; building was erected, and the membership 
of the church materially increased. At one time, it numbered over 100 
members. Four ministers were sent out from this church, namely, Benja- 
min Johnson, Baruch D. Jones, John Moffit, and Allan Moffit. Before 
3850, the membership began to decrease, and at one time the roll was re- 
duced to thirteen members. In 1870, a new building was erected; and 
since that time, the congregation has regained much of its former pros- 



This clnirch is the oldest religious organization in Archer township 
and one of the oldest Presbyterian churches in Harrison county. The 
congregation has had four different preaching places or buildino- sites 
since the church was set off from that of Beech Spring. The first of these 
was at the house of William Barnhill, then standing on section four. 
The second location, and site of the first church building, was on the 
northwest quarter of section eight; the third, on the southwest quarter 
of section seventeen; and the present building, on the southwest quarter 
of section twenty-three, near the village of Hanover. 

The following history of Ridge Church is condensed from an An- 
niversary Discourse, delivered by its pastor. Rev. Robert Herron, D. D., 
at the church on December 13, 1873 (printed at Uhrichsville, Ohio, 1874): 

The importance of having a continuous history of this church on 
record engaged the attention of the session early in the present pastorate. 
The importance ol' this was the more manifest from the fact that all the 
first records, both of the session and the congregation, were lost or mis- 
laid, so that they could not be reached. This solicitude on the part of 
the session led to the adoption of the following resolution, which is taken 
from the records of the session of Ridge Church, Sept, 36, 1851: 

The Moderator was appointor to collect the facts, and write out a his- 
tory of the church from its orf^auization to the present time. 

The Moderator in duo time sul)mitted the following report to the ses- 
sion, which was accepted and approvod by that body: 

"According to the foregoing action of the Session, I have talcen consider- 
able pains to collect and arrange, in a historical form, all the facts relating 
to this church. T regret, however, that after liaving written to the Stated 


Clerks of the Presbyteries of Ohio and Steubenville, I am unable to ascertain 
how many persons were organized into a church here, or who were the ruling 
elders at the time of its organization." 

The report was then presented, containing a historical sketch of 
this church, drawn from such information as could be gleaned from tra- 
dition, in the memory of a few of the older persons yet living among us; 
from congregational records commencing with the year 1835, and from 
sessional records commencing in the year 1842, which will be made the 
basis of our historical sketch, until the commencement of the present 

The Eidge Church, under the direction of Divine Providence, 
owes its existence to the following circumstances: The boundary 
of Beech Spring on the west extended for a considerable distance down 
the valleys of Stillwater and Connotton creeks. Hence, those members 
of this church found that their regular attendance upon the means of 
grace dispensed in the church where they worshipped Avas attended with 
great inconvenience. This fact induced them to ask the congregation 
to give their consent for their pastor, Eev. Dr. John Rea, to come and 
preach statedly among them a portion of the time. To this request the 
congregation readily assented. The pastor, with a self denial and zeal 
in his Master's service, by which his long ministerial life was character- 
ized, cheerfully came to break unto them the bread of life eternal. The 
extent of this self denial can be learned, partially, it is true, by reflect- 
ing on the fact that every time he visited this part of his charge, he 
travelled from home a distance of from ten to twelve miles, over roads 
new and poorly made, in a broken country. Dr. Eea's labors commenced 
in this way in the spring of 1810, and continued until the spring of 1817, 
a period of seven years. The proportion of time which Dr. Eea spent 
in this manner cannot be satisfactorily ascertained; but it is judged to 
have been about one-fourth of it, during this period. 

He commenced his labors by preaching in the house of Mr. William 
Barnhill, on the farm now owned by Mr. John Reed, on the road lead- 
ing from Smithficld to the road leading from Cadiz to Congress Furnace, 
and four miles from the point of intersection with it where the church 
now stands. He preached and administered the ordinances of religion, 
alternating this place occasionally with other dwelling-houses for a few 
years, when it was deemed advisable by the parent congregation to settle 
upon some place for holding their public services. Accordingly, a location 
was selected on the iNew Rumley and Cadiz road, on the farm now owned 
by Mr. John Lisle, three miles north of Cadiz. There they erected a house 
of worship, in which they were accustomed to assemble dnring the re- 
mainder of Dr. Rea's ministrations among them. This bniVling — a log- 
cabin — was, doubtless, of small proportions, and of hum'' nretension-*, 
.yet it would sustain a favorable comparison with the dw. ngs of those 


who assembled there to worship the Most High; for they did not dwell 
in ceiled houses. . . . 

The Providence of God appeared to indicate in the spring of 1817, 
that this society should be left without the stated means of grace, by 
Dr. Rea's withdrawal from them. Dr. Eea proposed to the people, now 
respectable in numbers, that they should covenant with God, and witli 
one another, that they would remain united together, whatever should 
befall. This agreement was made by the whole body holding up their 
right hands. Thus ended Dr. Kea's official connection with the germ of 
the Eidge Church. . . . 

A Presbyterian church was now about to be organized in Cadiz, and 
it was believed that if this society should continue to assemble in its 
present place of worship, it would stand in the way of that church's pro- 
gress. This consideration prompted removal from this spot to another, 
on the northeast corner of the farm of John Endsley, Sr., now owned 
by his grandson, John E. McPeck. Here a tent was set up, and around 
it the people were accustomed to assemlile for Divine worship. 

The society now felt the necessity of assuming an organized form, 
as a Presbyterian church. In order to do this, they presented a petition 
to the Presbytery of Ohio, whose boundary extended thus far westward. 
This petition was favorably regarded by the Presbytery, and a committee, 
consisting of Revs. Messrs. Snodgrass and Clark was appointed to visit 
the field, and organize a church if the way were found to be clear. The 
committee discharged their duty, and organized the Ridge Pr'esbyterian 
church, on the 17th day of October, 1818. 

The Synod of Pittsburgh ordered the organization of the Presby- 
tery of Steiibenville previously to this committee's reporting to the Pres- 
l)yt»ry of Ohio, as to their action in the premises. This resulted in plac- 
ing the name of the Ridge church on the roll of the churches of the 
Presbytery of Steubenville, without its being found on the roll of 
churches of the Presbytery of Ohio. 

The organization continued to worship in this vicinity, occup3'ing 
private houses and barns for two years, when they removed their place 
of worship to the village of Hanover, where they erected a tent for 
])rcaching purposes, north of where the Methodist church now stands. 
They met here, and in adjacent dwelling houses, for devotional purposes 
until February, 1833. But not finding this an eligible site on which to 
build a permanent house of worship, they secured, by purchase, two 
acres of ground from Mr. George Hospelhorn. One of these was used for 
building purposes, and the other was appropriated to burial uses. 

At a meeting of the congregation held March 15th, 1823, it was re- 
solved to proceed at once to erect a house of worship, and a tent. The 
house was for use on inclement Sabbaths, and the tent was to be occu- 
pied in favorable weather. The house was to be built fifty feet long by 
thirty wide, with a story twelve feet high. The tent was to be built 
eicrht feet lone and six feet wide, and be weatherboarded. 


Messrs. Samuel Buchanan, John Archihold, and Samuel- Welsh were 
appointed a committee to carry out this action of the congregation. 

This church building was completed and occupied by the congrega- 
tion in the latter part of the following year. No doubt the work went 
forward as rapidly as the means of the people could drive it onward, as 
their number was small, and their resources limited. 

This church nov/ became united with the church of Cadiz as one pas- 
toral charge. They unitedly called Eev. Donald Mcintosh to become 
their pastor, giving to each part one-half his ministerial labors. The 
salary promised him from this branch of his charge was two hundred 
dollars: one-half cash, and the other half in produce, at the following 
rates — wheat, fifty cents per bushel; rye and corn, each thirty-three 
cents per bushel. The grain was to be delivered to Mr. Matthew Mc- 
Cov, Cadiz, Ohio, with whom Mr. Mcintosh boarded, being an unmar- 
ried man. The writer of this paper has in his possession a book, in which 
the following note is inscribed, by Mr. John Morrison Forsythe : "The 
Eeverend Donald Mcintosh, this 9th day of February, 1833, began liis 
heavy labors in Archer township. It shall be said of this man, and that 
one, that he Avas born there." Mr. Mcintosh was regularly installed pas- 
tor over this united charge; and from a communication sent to the trus- 
tees of this congregation, it appears that he also had charge of an 
academy for two }^ears, when he resigned it, in order that he might devote 
himself entirely to his ministerial work. 

Mr. Mcintosh's care of this charge continued until 1826, when fail- 
ing health required his resignation, in order to admit his travelling 
southward. Mr. Mcintosh is remembered as an accomplished scholar 
and an instructive preacher. He died soon after in East India. 

Rev. John McArthur became pastor of the same united charge in the 
year 1828. Mr. McArthur was regarded by his co-presbyters as a thor- 
ough scholar, and well-skilled in the doctrines of the holy Scriptures; a 
faithful expositor of God's word, and an acceptable and instructive 

Mr. McArthur was born in Washington county, New York, March 
25th, 1803. He graduated in Jefferson College, at Canonsburg, Pa., in 
1825; studied theology under the Presbytery of New Lisbon, and was 
licensed by them in the fall of 1827; married Miss Christina Ann Robert- 
son, daughter of Rev. James Robertson, of CarroUton, Ohio, in the winter 
of 1829, by whom he had six sons and one daughter. Two sons died in 
infancy. His wife survived him about seven years, 

Mr. McArthur continued in this relation until 1836, when his time 
was entirely devoted to the Cadiz branch of his charge. The memory 
of- Mr, McArthur was ever carefully cherished by all who were under his 
pastoral care. He is believed to have been the instrument in the hand of 
God in moulding this church in the pattern of sound doctrine and good 

It was at his instance, and througli his influence that the congrega- 


tion obtained a charter as an incorporated body in the year 1835, by act 
of the Legislature of Ohio. The incorporators in this act were, "Walter 
McClintock, Jacob Kichey, Samuel Buchanan, Ealph Atkinson, Jacob 
Vasbinder, Thomas Day, James L. McLane, James Megaw, John Lyons, 
George McPeck, John Welsh, Jr., William Lisle, Thomas Albertson, Wil- 
liam j\Iiller, and James McCliiitock.'^ 

He afterwards became professor of languages in Miami University, 
at Oxford, Ohio, and died at Indianapolis, Ind., in July, 1849. 

Eev. William Doane McCartney became pastor of this church, de- 
voting his entire labors to it, in 1838, and sustained this relation to it 
until 184:2, when, at his request, the pastoral relation was dissolved. 

Mr. McCartney was born in Montrose county. Pa., January 20th, 
1806. He made a profession of religion in the Presbyterian church of 
Derry, Pa., September, 1823; graduated at Washington College, Pa., 
1832, and immediately commenced the study of theology in the Western 
Theological Seminary. He was licensed to preach the gospel by the 
Presbytery of Washington, April, 1833; and by the same Presbytery he 
was ordained to the whole work of the ministry, June 27th, 1836. 

Mr. McCartney and ]\Iiss Maria Jane Stewart, of Washington county. 
Pa., were united in marriage, A])ril 25th, 1837. The result of this mar- 
riage was four children. One of these, the wife of Mr. D. S. Noble, ruling 
elder in Wellsville church, survives him, Mrs. McCartney and his other 
children having preceded him to their heavenly home. 

He was called to bear severe afflictions near the close of his life, but 
the full vigor of his mental powers, and the sustaining grace of the Lord 
Jesus Christ were with him to the end, and that end was peace. He fell 
asleep in Jesus near AVellsville, Ohio, July 27th, 1863, and his mortal re- 
mains repose in Bethel churchyard, awaiting the resurrection of the just. 

Eev. James Cameron became pastor of this church in the year 1844, 
and sustained that relation until the year 1847, when, at his own request, 
the pastoral relation was dissolved. 

Mr. Cameron was born in the city of Pittsburgh, Pa., June 1st, 1813. 
He obtained his primary education in the place of his nativity, and 
graduated at the Jeiferson College, Pa., in the year 1839. Soon after he 
entered the Western Theological Seminary, where he completed the pre- 
scribed course of study, and was licensed to preach the gospel by the 
Presbytery of Ohio, in the year 1842. 

He received and accepted a call from this church to become its pas- 
tor, and in the year 1844 the Presbytery of Steubenville ordained and in- 
stalled him pastor over this church. Two-thirds of his labor were to be 
given to this church, and the remaining one-third to Centre Unity. His 
record here is that of an industrious and efficient pastor, who did what he 
could to extend the interests of this part of the kingdom of the Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

Mr. Cameron's wife was Miss Isabella Eichey, of Pittsburgh, Pa., 
by whom he had four children — three sons and one daughter — all of 


whom, with their mother, survive him. His death occurred May 1st, 
1866, in Brunswick, 111., and was the result of paralysis. 

The following records are found amongst the papers of Mr. Samuel 
Buchanan, deceased: 

"Messrs. Walter McClintock and Jacob Eichoy were ordained Ruling 
Elders for the Eidge congregation, by Eev. Mr. Clark, August 31st, 1819. 

"Messrs, Ealph Atkinson and Jacob Vasbinder were ordained Euling 
Elders for the Eidge congregation, by Eev. Mr. Mcintosh, August 22d, 

"Messrs. William Patterson and Samuel Buchanan were ordained 
Euling Elders for the Eidge congregation, by Eev. Mr. Eutherford, April 
29th, 1827." 

An election was held for Euling Elders, by the congregation, it is 
believed, in the year 1834, which resulted in the choice of Messrs. James 
Megaw, Thomas Day, James L. McLane, and John Lyons. They ac- 
cepted the office, and were ordained and installed by Eev. Mr. McArthur. 

On the 20th day of August, 1844, Messrs. Alexander Osburn, Hugh 
j\lcllravy, and George McKinney were elected Euling Elders by this con- 
gregation. Mr. Osburn had formerly been a Euling Elder in Crabapplc 
church, and therefore only required installation in this church. The 
other Elders elect were ordained and installed by Eev. Mr. Cameron. 

Messrs. Eobert Scott, Samuel Adams, and Samuel Osburn were 
elected Deacons by the congregation, August 20th, 1844, and were or- 
dained and installed in their office by Eev. Mr. Cameron a few weeks 
afterwards. Of these, Messrs. Adams and Osburn remain in the dis- 
charge of their duties amongst us; but Mr. Scott has fallen asleep, as we 
believe, in Jesus, and was fully ripe for eternal glory, through the saving 
grace of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Thus far we have traced the way along which the Lord led this 
church in paths which are known to us only as revealed by the pen of 
the historian, or handed down by tradition. From this time forward we 
are enabled to speak of things which we ourselves have seen. 

The present pastor formed a slight acquaintance with this congre- 
gation in the fall of 1847, while preaching a few Sabbaths to relieve a 
sick friend, Eev. Ephraim Ogden, then temporarily in charge of the con- 
gregation. The congregation becoming vacant, he was invited by the 
congregation at a meeting held June 20th, 1848, to visit them, and if 
he and they were mutually satisfied, to become their pastor. This invita- 
tion was accepted, and his labor in this way commenced on the fifth day 
of the succeeding July. His ministrations being regarded as satisfactory, 
a meeting of the congregation was held on the 20th day of September, 
next, for the purpose of taking the sense of the congregation on that 
subject, and on the vote being taken, it was unanimously in favor of the 
candidate's election as pastor, and a call was accordingly made out for 
two-thirds of his ministerial services, promising him a salary of three 
hundred dollars a year in half yearly payments. He being a licentiate, 


under the care of the Presbvtery of Washington, the Preshyterv of Steu- 
henville gave the congregation permission to prosecute the call before 
that body. The Presbytery of Washington placed the call in his hands, 
and it was by him accepted Oetol)er 14th, 1848, whereupon he was dis- 
missed to the Presbytery of Steubenville. . . . Presbytery ordered 
111 at the ordination take place at Corinth on the 17th day of the ap- 
proaching 'N'ovember, and assigned to him Hebrews, xii., 1. . . . The 
ordination took place according to the order of Presbytery, Eev, Dr. 
Beatty presiding, asking the constitutional questions, and leadino- in the 
prayer of ordination. 

Presbytery directed that the installation of the pastor elect take 
place on the 13th of the approaching December, and appointed Rev. 
Joseph H. Chambers to preside, preach the sermon, and propose the con- 
stitutional questions, and Rev. Dr. Brown to deliver the charges to the 
pastor and people. The installation services took place as directed by 
Preshyterv, according to the stipulations of the call. 

A careful canvass of the church Avas now made by the session of the 
church, in order to ascertain the strength of its membership. The result 
of this investigation showed that at that time there were seventv-two 
persons in fall communion in the church. Several of these were ao-ed 
and infirm, so that the active working force of the church may be set 
down as sixty. 

Officers in the church, 1848: 

Ruling Elders — Samuel Buchanan, Thomas Day, John Lyons, Alex- 
ander Osburn, Hugh Mcllravy, George McKinney, and James Megaw. 

Deacons — Robert Scott, Samuel Adams, and Samuel Osburn. 

Trustees — George Fisher, John Lyons, John Welch, Jr., Hu^h Mc- 
llravy, Joseph Buchanan, and Thomas Day. 

Treasurer — George McPeck. 

Clerk of the Congregation — William Smiley. 

Precentors — (Who stood before the people, gave out the lines of the 
hymn, pitched the tune, and led in singing it) — John Welch, Jr., Hugh 
Mcllravy, George McKinney, and Samuel Osburn. 

Additions to the church officers to 1873: 

Moses Cole and Isaac Pratt were elected to the office of Ruling 
Elder, and ordained and installed February 10th, 1853. 

Samuel Herron and John E. McPeck were elected to this office, and 
ordained and installed October 13th, 1860. 

Robert Anderson, formerly a Ruling Elder in Few Hagerstown 
church, was elected and installed in this office, February 3d, 1862. 

Samuel Osburn was elected to this office, and ordained and installed 
January 18th, 1867. 

John E. McPeck, having withdrawn from the membership of the 
church, owing to a change of residence, and having now^returned to us, 
he was elected and installed in this office, October 28th, 1870. 


Present Church Officers [1874] : 

Eiiling Elders — John Lyons, Samuel Herron, Robert Anderson, 
Samuel Osburn, and John E. McPeck. 

Deacons — Samuel Adams and Samuel Oshurn, 

Trustees of the Congregation — David Patton, Eobert Anderson, 
Samuel Currey, John S. Adams, Eli Cavin, and John Atkinson. 

Congregation's Clerk — G. M. McPeck. 

Treasurer — George McPeck. 

It is proper that in this place there should be given a brief re- 
sume of the pastor's labors and successes during the quarter of a century 
just now closing. 

The labors of this time were commenced by giving two-thirds of my 
time to this church, and the remaining one-third to Centre Unity. This 
arrangement continued until January 1st, 1864, a period of fifteen years, 
when this congregation began to occupy my entire time, until the present. 
The reported number of sermons, of members received, and of baptisms 
administered, will cover only those pertaining to this congregation. 

I have preached twelve hundred sermons in the interest of the Eidge 
church, in discharging my pastoral duty to it. 

I have received into full communion in the Eidge church three hun- 
dred members. Some of these persons have come to this church on let- 
ters of dismissal from other churches of our own order; and a proportion 
of them have come from other denominations ; but much the larger part 
of these additions have been made on examination. 

I have administered the ordinance of baptism, in the interest of this 
congregation, to twenty-seven adult persons, and to two hundred and 
seventy-five infants. 

I have solemnized the marriage of one hundred and twentj^-nine 
couples, that being, in some instances, of the parents and the offspring. 

It has been my lot to be present and ofliciate, wholly or in part, at 
the funerals of one hundred and eighty-five persons. These have, how- 
ever, not all been in connection with this congregation, nor even with the 
Presbyierian church. 

Nearly two generations of men have passed away since the organi- 
zation of this church. It is not known that anv one of the oris^inal mem- 
bers is now living. 

If we limit our range of vision by the horizon of the last twenty- 
five years, we find, to-day, in the session of this church but a single mem- 
ber, Mr. John Lyons, Sr., who was in it at that time. Two others, 
Messrs. Hugh McUravy and George McKinney, are believed to be yet 
living, in other localities. 

To-da}'-, there are but fifteen living members in connection with us, 
who were members of this church at the commencement of the present 
pastorate, and who have retained their membership in it until the present 

The condition of the church is specially encouraging. During the 


present year she has sent forth a colony of thirty persons to form a 
church in tlie neighboring viUage of Fairview, on the P., C. & St. L. Rail- 
way, called Buchanan Chapel. And still are left one hundred and fifty 
active workers in the cause of Christ, besides a few fathers and mothers 
in Israel, who linger among us to bless us with their counsels and prayers. 
The congregation is free of debt, and owns a substantial and con- 
venient brick house of worship. 







Tlie first measure providing for the establishment and maintenance 
of government by the United States in the territory nortliwest of the 
Ohio river, was an ordinance passed by Congress on April 23, 1784. The 
ordinance "was reported by a committee of which Thomas Jefferson was 
chairman, and contained a clause prohibiting slavery in the territory 
after the year 1800. This provision, however, was stricken out before 
the ordinance was finally passed. The only important result accom- 
l)lished under the first ordinance was the beginning of the survey of the 
territorial lands. 

Congress, having purchased from the Indians at the treaty of Fort 
Stanwix, October 27, 1784, whatever title the Six Nations had to lands in 
the valley of the Ohio, now sought to provide for the survey and disposal 
of the same; and on May 20, 1785, was passed, "An Ordinance for Ascer- 
taining the Mode of Disposing of Lands in the Western Territory." 
This ordinance provided that a surveyor should be appointed from each 

On May 27th Congress chose as surveyors: Nathaniel Adams, New 
Hampshire; Eufus Putnam, Massachusetts; Caleb Harris, Rhode Island; 
"'Ailliam ]\Iorris, New York; Adam Hoopes, Pennsylvania; James Simp- 
son, Maryland; Alexander Parker, Virginia; Absalom Tatum, North 
Carolina; William Tate, South Carolina; and on July 18th, Isaac Sher- 
man, Connecticut. Benjamin Tupper was appointed Instead of Rufus 
Putnam from Massachusetts, as the latter Avas then surveying lands in 
Maine, and could not serve. Caleb Harris and Nathaniel Adams having 
resigned. Col. Ebenezer Sproat and Winthrop Sargent were chosen in 
their places. 


The surveyors were to divide the territory into townships, six miles 
square. The first north and south line was to begin on the Ohio river, at 
a point due north from the western terminus of a line that had been run 
at the southern boundary of Pennsylvania; and the first east and west 
line was also to begin at the same point. 

It was provided that as soon as seven ranges of townships had been 
surveyed, the Geographer should transmit the plats of the same to the 
Board of the Treasury. The Secretary was then to take by lot a number 
of townships and fractional townships, both of those to be sold entire 
and of those to be sold in lots, such as would be equal to one-seventh part 
of the whole seven ranges, for the use of officers and soldiers of the 
Continental army. 

The survey was begun in July, 1780, under the management of 
Thomas Hutchins, the Geographer of the United States. He started on 
the Pennsylvania line at the north bank of the Ohio river, and first ran 
a line west through Columbiana and Carroll counties, now known as the 
"Geographer's Line," a distance of fortj-two miles, setting a post each 
mile. Every six miles was a township corner, and from these corners 
the south lines were run to the Ohio river, and the north lines to the 
southern boundary of the Connecticut, or Western Reserve. Hutchins 
began numbering sections at the southeast corner of the township, 
which was called section 1, thence north to the northeast corner, which 
was section 6. Section 7 began at the bottom again, west of section 1, 
end the numbers were carried up to section 36, which was in the north- 
Avest corner. In Charles Whittlesey's tract on the "Surveys of the Pub- 
lic Lands in Ohio," it is stated that this is the first application in the 
history of land surveys, of the rectangular system of lots in squares of 
one mile, with meridian lines and corner posts at each mile, where the 
number of the section, town, and range was put on the witness trees in 
letters and figures. This system of numbering was followed in the survey 
of the Ohio Company's lands about Marietta, and in the Symmes Pur- 
chase. It was changed to the present system in 1799, by which the num- 
bering of the sections begins in the northeast corner of the township, 
and proceeds alternately from east to west, and thence west to east. 

The plan originally adopted by Congress for the sale of the lands 
in the Northwest Territory, proposed to sell it in tracts of two million 


ricres; the second ordinance, in smaller tracts, of one million. Under the 
last ordinance, the contract of the Ohio Company, on the ]\Iuskingnm, 
and that of Judge Symmes and his associates, between the Miamis, were 
made, the former for two millions, the latter for one million acres. By 
a subsequent ordinance, passed in May, 1785, seven ranges of townships, 
each six miles square, were surveyed westward from the Ohio river and 
the Pennsylvania line, which were divided and offered for sale, in quarter 
tovrnships ; first at Pittsburgh, and afterwards in Philadelphia. Harrison 
county lies between the western lines of Eanges three and seven, its 
townships thus being included in the four western ranges. 

In May, 1796, an act was passed by Congress, directing the Surveyor 
General to cause the public lands to be divided into townships of six 
miles square; and one-half of these townships, taking them alternately 
to be divided into sections of one mile square, and the residue into 
ouarter townships of three miles square. In the year 1800, another 
law was passed, ordering a portion of these lands to be subdivided, and 
sold in half sections, of three hundred and twenty acres. When this 
law came into operation, land offices were established at Cincinnati, 
Chillicothe, IVfarietta, and Steubenville, and a large quantity of the 
richest and most productive soil was brought into the market. 

Before that time, the tracts of land offered for sale by the Gov- 
ernment were so large that men of limited means were unable to pur- 
chase. The smallest tract that could be bought was a section, containing 
six hundred and forty acres. Under this arrangement, most of the 
lands in the present townships of Short Creek, Athens, Green, and Cadiz 
were entered by the section: thus indicating that the first comers were 
men of more than ordinary means or enterprise. Although the later pro- 
vision for the accommodation of the settler of limited means was of 
much importance, 3^et it was not sufficiently so as to advance the settle- 
ment of the Territory with much rapidity. But an act passed at a sub- 
sequent session of Congress which ordered the sections and half sections 
to be subdivided and offered for sale in quarter sections (IfiO acres), at 
two dollars per acre, on a credit of four years, was of vastly more im- 
portance; as it enabled thousands to become landowners who otherwise 
must have remained tenants; and it thus encouraged and increased emi- 
gration to the western country. 


Tlie Act of Mny 18, 1796, (First Statute at Large, 464), and the Act 
of May 10, 1800 (Second Statutes ai Lai-ge, 72), provide, in substance, 
for the sale of pu])lic lands to the highest bidder, one-fourth of the pur- 
chase monej'' to be paid at tht' time of sale, one-fourth within two years, 
one-fourth within three years, and the remaining one-fourth within four 
years from date of sale. The Act of March 2, IS?! (Third Statutes at 
Large, 612) provides for the relief of purchasers of the public land, where 
the purchase was made prior to July 1, 1820, and they had been unable 
to comply with the provisions of the previous act. 

Tn all credit sales patented jirior to the passage of this relief act, 
it is safe to assume that the purchase was made within the four or five 
vears preceding the patent. Cash entries, as a rule, Avere made from six 
months to two years prior to the date of patenting, although in the case 
of a few suspended entries, this rule would not apply. 

Hence, as a general rule, all patents issued for lands in Harrison 
coimty prior to 1821 (and many during the next four or five years after 
1821), bear a date from four to five years later than the date of the 
original entry and settlement of the land. 

In the descriptions of lands given in the following list, the words, 
"section," "township," and "range" have been omitted, and are to be 
understood as following the three numbers describing the location of the 
respective tracts. For instance, "all 6.9.4" means "all of section 6, town- 
ship 9, range 4," which would locate the tract as section number 6 in 
Short Creeiv township. "^Y^^•^ SW 6.9.4 means, "the Avest half of the 
ionthwest quarter of section 6, township 9, range 4," which would locate 
:he tract as eighty acres of section number 6 in Short Creek township. 
A section of land comprises 640 acres, the common subdivisions of 
ft'hich are half sections (containing 320 acres), of which there may be the 
uorth half, the west half, the south half, or the east half; quarter sections, 
or "qaarters'" (containing 160 acres), of which there may be the northeast 
(NE) quarter, the northwest (X W) quarter, the southwest (SW) quar- 
ter, and the southeast (SE) quarter, as well as adjoining halves 
of two adjoining quarters; eighth sections, or "eighties" (containing 
eio-hty acres), of which there may be the north half of the northeast 
quarter (NVi NE), west half of the northeast quarter (WVa 'NE), etc., 
east half of the northwest quarter (E'/i NW), etc., east half of the south- 


U'est quarter (E^/4 SW), etc., south half of the southeast quarter (S'/4 SE), 
etc., as "well as any two adjoining or cornering half-eighties; and six- 
teenth-sections, or "forties" (containing forty acres), of which there may 
bo the northwest quarter of the northeast quarter (NW NE), etc., and so 
on through sixteen different descriptions, as well as any two adjoining or 
cornering twenty acre tracts which taken together comprise forty acres. 
If will be remembered that there are thirty-six sections in a township, 
the numbering beginning with the section in the southeast corner, which 
is numbered one, and proceeding thence north to the section in the 
northeast corner of the township, which is numbered six, thence begin- 
mng again on the south line of the township with the section adjoining 
number one on the west, which is numljered seven, and proceeding north 
to section tAvelve; and so on; the section in the northwest corner of each 
numerical township being numbered thirty-six. The different numerical 
townships and ranges of Harrison county correspond with the geograph- 
ical names of the different townships as follows: 

Township 8, Jlange -1: Sections 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 24, 
28, 29, and 30 form the south half of Short Creek township. 

Sections 34, 35, and 3G, form part of the east one-sixth of 
Athens township. 

Sections 1, 2, and 3, 7,8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, 25, 20, 27, 
31, 32, and 33 form the east three-fourths of Wheeling town- 
ship, Belmont county (adjoining Short Creek township, Harrison 
county, on the south), in which are located Craba^ple and Unity 
'^ churches. 

Township 9, P.ange 4: Sections 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, 25, 
26, and 27 form the north half of Short Creek township. 

Sections 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 24, 28, 29, and 30 
form the south three-sevenths of Green township. 

Section 31 forms the northeast corner section of Athens town- 
Sections 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36 form the east one-seventh of 
Cadiz township. 
Township 10, Tiange 4: Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, ]6, 19, 


20, 21, 22, 25, 26, 27, and 28 form the north four-sevenths of Green 

Sections 5, 6, 11, 12, 17, 18, 23, 24, 29 (excepting the northwest 
eighty acres), and 30 (excepting the west 160 acres) form the south 
two-fifths of German township. 

Sections 33, 34, and the south half of 35 form part of the east 
one-sixtli of Archer township. 

Section 26, the north half of 35, the west 160 acres of section 
30, and the northwest 80 acres of section 29 form part of the south- 
east corner of Eumley township. 
Township 11, Eange 4: Sections 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, 25, 
26, and 27 form the north three-fifths of German township. 

Sections 31, 32, and 33 form part of the east one-fifth of Eum- 
ley toAvnship. 

The remainder of township 11-4 lies in Jefferson and Carroll 
Township 9, Eange 5: Sections 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 24, 
28, 29, and 30 form the south three-fourths of Athens township. 

Sections 34, 35, and 36 form part of the east one-seventh of 
Moorefield township. 

Sections 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, and 9 form the west fourth of Wheeling 
township, Belmont county. 

Sections 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32, and 33 form 
the east two-fifths of Flushing townihip, Belmont county. 
Township 10, Eange 5: Sections 1, 7, 13, 19, and 25 form the north 
fourth of Athens township. 

Section 31 forms the northeast corner section of Moorefield 

Sections 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 
22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36 form the west 
six-sevenths of Cadiz township. 
Township 11, Eange 5: Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 
20, 21, 22, the south half of sections 5, 11, 17, and 23, and the east 
two-thirds of sections 25, 26, 27, 28, and of the south half of 29 form 
the township of Eumley. 

Sections 6, 12, 18, 24, the north half of sections 5, 11, 17, and 


23, and east fourth of section 30 and of north half of 29 form part 
of the south one-third of Rumley township. 
Township 12, Eange 5 : Sections 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, and 
the east fourth of sections 25, 26, and 27 form part of the north two- 
thirds of Eumley township. 

The remainder of township 12.5 lies in Carroll county. 
Township 10, Eange 6: Sections 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 24, 
28, 29, 30, 34, 35, and 36 form part of the south three-fourths of 
Moorefield township. 

Sections 1, 3, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32, 
and 33 are in Belmont county. 
Township 11, Eange 6 : Sections 1, 7, 13, 19, 25, and 31 form part of the 
north one-fourth of Moorefield township. 

Sections 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 
22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36 form all of Not- 
tingham township- 
Township 12, Eange 6: Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 
20, 21, and 22 and the south portion of sections 5, 11, 17, and 23 
form the west eight-elevenths of Stock township. 

Sections 6, 12, 18, and the north portion of sections 5, 11, and 
17 form part of the southwest quarter of North township. 

Sections 25, 26, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 34, and the south portion of 
sections 29 and 35 form the east two-fifths of Franklin township. 

Sections 24, 30, 36, and the north portion of sections 23, 29, and 
35 form part of the southwest corner of Monroe township. 
Township 13, Eange 6 : Sections 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, and 15 form the 
northwest portion of North township. 

Sections 19, 20, 21, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32, and 33 form the northeast 
portion of Monroe township. 

The remainder of township 13.6 lies in Carroll county. 
Township 11, Eange 7: Sections 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 24, 
28, 29, 30, 34, 35, and 36 form the south three-fourths of Freeport 

Sections 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32, 
and 33 are in Guernsey county. 
Township 12, Eange 7: Sections 1, 7, 13, 19, 25, and 31 form the 



north one-fourth of Freeport township. 

Sections 2, d, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 
22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36 form all of Wash- 
ington township. 
Township 13, Eange 7: Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, and j I 
the south portion of sections 5, 11, and 17 form the west three-fifths 
of Franklin township. 

Sections 6, 12, and ]8, and the north portion of sections 5, 11, 
and 17 form part of southwestern portion of Monroe township. 
The remainder of township 13.7 lies in Tuscarawas county. 
Township 14, Eange 7: Sections 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, and 15 form the 
northwest portion of Monroe township. 

The remainder of township 14-7 lies in Carroll and Tuscarawas 


/ George Abel, Loudoun county, Va., SE 15.11.4, June 19, 1S13. 
^ George Abel, Loudoun county, Va., NW 21.11.4, Nov. 26, 1813. 

John Abrams, assignee of Philip Everhart, dec'd, SW 8.11.4, Nov. 30, 1811. 
^ John Adams, Harrison county, NE 4.11.7, Feb. 14, 1817. 
^ William Adams, Jefferson county, SW 21.11.5, March 7, 1818. 
SJ John Agnew, Washington county. Pa., all 11.10.5, Feb. 10, 1807. 
^ Jacob Albert, Jefferson county, SB 2.13.6, Dec. 30, 1811. 
' Esther Alexander, Harrison county, Wy^ NW 36.11.6, July 1, 1831. 

Isaac Alexander, assignee of Jacob Manback, E14 NW 13.13.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 

John Alexander, Harrison county, W^^ NW 24.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Reuben Allen, Harrison county, EVo 32.11.6, Aug. 18, 1817. 

Isaac Allen, Harrison county, NE 31.11.6, Aug. 18, 1817. 

Oliver Allis, Wi{. SW and Ni/, SE 22.10.6, Jan. 23, 1822. 

Oliver Allis, Harrison county, Ei/o SW 22.10.6, Sept. 10, 1823. 
.X Oliver Allis, Jefferson county, NW 22.10.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
^ Asa Anderson, Belmont county, SW 24.10.6, May 29, 1818. 

■Isaac Anderson, Jefferson county, WV2 NW and SE SW 22.12.6, Sept. 10, 1834. 

James Anderson, Fayette county. Pa., SW 35.11.6, Aug. 30, 1816. 

William Andreson, Jefferson county, NE 13.11.5, Nov. 10, 1811. 

Joseph Applegate, Charlestown, all 1.9.4, July 22, 1805. 

Daniel Arbaugh, Harrison county, NE 3.13.6, May 22, 1827. 

John Arbaugh, assignee of David Custard, NE 6.11.5, July 29, 1819. 

John Archbold, Westmoreland county, Pa., NW 17.11.5, Aug. 4, 1814. 


John Archbold, Harrison county, NE 28.11.5, Aug. 3, 1818. 

John Archbold, Harrison county, E^l. NB 34.11.5, Nov. 13, 1822. 

George Atkinson, Brooke county, Va., all 27.11.4, Aug. 18, 1804. 

James Atkinson, Washington county. Pa., NE 15.11.5, Aug. 1, 1819. 

John Atkinson, Harrison county, W^^. NE 21.12.6, April 30, 1822, 

John Auld, Union county. Pa.. NW 35.11.6, Jan. 21, 1819. 

Samuel Auld, Northumberland county. Pa., NE 33.11.6, June 26, 1820. 

Samuel Auld, Jr., Harrison county, WV. NW 34.11.6, Nov. 13, 1822. 

Samuel Auld, Jr., Harrison county, Wi^ SE 5 and WVo SE 6.12.7, April 20, 1827. 

Samuel Auld, Harrison county, WY2 NE 4.12.7, Nov. 18, 1833. 

William Auld.Northumberland county, Pa., NE 28.11.6, June 26, 1820. 

Ihomas Ayres, assignee of James Kendal and Thomas Mills, NW 8.12.5, Aug. 

19, 1824. 
George Badger, Washington county. Pa., NW SE 28.12.7, Dec. 8, 1835. 
Emnior Baily, assignee of Charles Lownes, SW 10.12.7, Dec. 29, 1818. 
Daniel Bair, Somerset ccounty. Pa., SE 6.11.5, May 23, 1810. 
Daniel Bair, Somerset county, Pa., NE 5.11.5, June 8, 1812. 
Daniel Bair, Harrison county, NW 35.10.4, Aug. 4, 1814. 
George Baker, Harrison county, W/j SE 30.12.7, Nov. 12, 1832. 
John Baker, Harrison county, SE 25.13.6, March 7, 1817. 

Otho Baker, Harrison county, WYs NE 36.12.6 and Ei^ NW 25.13.6, Nov 1, 1830. 
?Nathan Ball, Carroll county, NW SW 9.14.7, April 1, 1837. 
Cornelius Barber, Harrison county, Ei,4 SW 4.11.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 
Barger, see Barriger and Berger. 

John Barkhurst, Jefferson county, W% SW 33.12.7, Jan. 1, 1833. 
James Barnes, assignee of Horton Howard, Belmont county, E^^ SW and Wy^ 

SW 22.9.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 
William Barnhill, assignee of Samuel Osburn, SE 4.11.5, May 10, 1811. 
William Barnhill, Harrison county, NW 3.11.5, Dec. 18, 1816. 
William Barnhill, Harrison county. By- NB 29.12.6, May 20, 1826. 
John Barr, Washington county. Pa., SW 29.10.5, Nov. 24, 1814. 
Arthur Barrett, Sr., Frederick county, Va., all 26.10.5, Jan. 20, 1808. 
Arthur Barrett Sr., Jefferson county, NW 33.10.5, Jan. 20, 1812. 
Arthur Barrett, Sr., Jefferson county, NE 33.10.5, Aug.l9, 1812. 
George Barricklow, Fayette county. Pa., SW 15,10.5, July 30, 1812. 
Henry Barricklow, assignee of William Welling, NW 13.10.5, Jan. 20, 1809. 
Henry Barricklow, Jefferson county, SW 36.9.5, Dec. 9, 1815. 
;i;arriger, see also Berger. 

Henry Barriger, Adams county Pa., NW 21.10.4, Aug. 10, 1813. 
Valentine Barriger, Adams county. Pa., NE 21. 10.5, Aug. 4, 1814. 
Xopherius Bartholome, Harrison county, NE SE 14.14.7, April 1, 1837. 
David Barton, Washington county. Pa., all 13.8.4, Dec. 20, 1808. 
George Barton, Harrison county, E1^ NE 6.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
George Bartow, Harrison county. NE 5.12.6, Dec. 29, 1818. 


George Bartow, Harrison county, W^j SW 18.12.6, March 21, 1832. 

William Baun and William Constable, assignees of Arnold Henry Dorhn, all 

of Town. 13, Range 7, May 15. 1801. 
John Baxter, Allegheny county. Pa., NE 28.10.5, Dec. 15, 1812. 
Robert Baxter, assignee of John Maholm, SE 6.10.6, Dec. 15, 1812. 
Alexander Beall, Harrison county, WV^ SE 21.11.6, April 8, 1828. 
Colmore Beall, Washington county, Pa., SE 22.11.6, March 7, 1818. 
Colmore Beall, Washington county. Pa., NE 21.11.6, Nov. 13, 1822. 
Colmore Beall, Washington county. Pa., W1/2 NW 21.11.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Dory Beall, Harrison county, Ei/o SW 4.12.6, Oct. 2, 1821. 
James P. Beall, Harrison county, WVo NE 22.11.6, Dec. 10, 1827. 
John Beall Harrison county, EVo NW 21.11.16, Dec. 10, 1827. 
5^1exander Beard, Belmont county, W^-^ NW 26.12.7, July 1, 1831. 
Sampson Beaty, Harrison county, EV2 NW 30.12.7, Nov. 18, 1833. 
William Beatty, Harrison county, WI/2 SW 21.12.5, May 6, 1824. 
Zaccheus A. Beatty, Steubenville, all 5.10.5 (the site of Cadiz), April 20, 1804. 
Samuel Beck, Harrison county, NE 11.11.7, Sept. 29, 1814. 
Jacob Beckley, assignee of Stephen Ford, NE 15.11.4, July 30, 1812. 
Walter B. Beebe, Harrison county, NE 19.12.5, Aug. 19, 1818. 
Walter Butler Beebe, Cadiz, WV2 SW 4.12.6, Dec. 2, 1832. 
Harvey Beens, Washington county. Pa., WV- NW 34.11.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 
George Beer, Frederick county, Md., NW 9.12.5, Oct. 20, 1819. 
pavid Belknap, assignee of Thomas Hayne, all 2.9.4, Feb. 2, 1807. 
Robert Bell, Belmont county, NE 11.10.6, Aug. 10, 1811. 

Jsmes Cummings Bennett, Tuscarawas county, W14 SE 7.14.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 
Eerger, see also Barriger. 

Peter Berger, Harrison county, NE 22.10.5, Aug. 3, 1818. 
Valentine Berger, Adams county. Pa., SE 21.10.5, Aug. 6, 1813. 
Valentine Berger, Adams county, Pa., NW 22.10.4, Aug. 18, 1817. 
Heirs and legal Representatives of James Best, dec'd, Westmoreland county, 

Pa., EV. NW 22.11.5, May 25, 1825. 
Simpson Bethel, Harrison county, SE 31.9.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Thompson Bethel, Harrison county, E14 SW 35.10.6, May 20, 1826. 
Stacy Bevan, Belmont county, NW 29.9.5, Aug. 10, 1811. 
Zaccheus Biggs, Steubenville, all 10.10.5, May 20, 1806. 
Zsccheus Biggs, assignee of Zaccheus Beatty, all 33.9.4, Aug. 27, 1807. 
William Billingsley, Belmont county, WU SE 11.12.7, June 23, 1826. 
Hugh Birney, Harrison county, Ei{. SW 36.12.6, May 20, 1826. 
fiugh Birney, Harrison county, Wi/. SW 36.12.6, May 30, 1826. 
John Birney and William Birney, Harrison county NW 17.10.4, Oct. 20, 1824. 
William Birney, Steubenville, NE 22.10.4, March 20, 1813. 
William Birney, Harrison county, E^/. NW 36.12.6, Oct. 6, 1826. 
William Birney, Harrison county, BI/2 SE 30.12.7, April 20, 1827. 
John Bishop, Harrison county, Ei-4 NE 18.10.4, Sept. 10, 1823. 


Daniel Black, assignee of Frederick Erfort, NE 33.13.6, Dec. 27, 1822. 

Jacob Black, Sr., Fayette county. Pa., all 12.9.5, Jan. 20, 1808. 

James Black, assignee of Benjamin Hough, all 4.10.4, March 1, 1810. 

Archibald Blair, Bedford county, Pa., EVj 36.11.6, March 7, 1818. 

Rannel Blair, Brooke county, Va.. all 23.10.5, Jan. 20, 1809. 

Edward Bleakney, Harrison county, EV-S NW 18.12.6, March 21, 1832. 

Kesiah Bliss, Columbiana county, NE 31.12.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 

Zadok Bliss, Harrison county, W^,^ SE 32.12.6, July 1, 1831. 

Martin Boghart, Somerset county. Pa., SW 9.13.6, Jan. 20, 1812. 

Jonathan Bogne, Tuscarawas county, SW 7.12.7, Dec. 26, 1815. 

Samuel Bolen, Harrison county, EVa SW 22.11.6, Nov. 1, 1830. ' , 

James Bo],es Harrison county, Ei/o NE 21.12.7, April 17, 1828. 

James Boles, Harrison county, WV2 NE 21.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 

William Boling, assignee of Barton Hooper, Ey^ SW 14.11.6, May 25, 1825. 

John P. Bond, Brooke county, Va., NE 32.10.4, Nov. 30, 1811. 

John Booth, assignee of William Rouse, NW 3.14.7, Nov. 2, 1829. 

John Borland, Westmoreland county. Pa., NE 15.13.6, March 7, 1818. 

Samuel Boreland, Westmoreland county, Pa., SE 9.13.6, Jan. 27, 1819. 

Samuel Borland, Harrison county, Ey> NE 20.12.6, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Bernard Bower, Jefferson county, SB 27.13.6, July 30, 1812. 

Bernard Bower, Tuscarawas county, SW 27.13.6, Nov. 13, 1822. 

Bernard Bower, Tuscarawas county, SW 21.13.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 

Bernard Bower, Tuscarawas county, WVo NE 32.13.6, June 23, 1827. 

David Bower, Sr., Tuscarawas county, Ei/. NE 32.13.6, June 23, 1827. 

Pavid Bower, Tuscarawas county, WV2 NW 13.13.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

David Bower, Tuscarawas county, EVa SW 26.13.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 

David Bower, Tuscarawas county, EVo NE 19.13.6, March 21, 1832. 

Henry Bower, Tuscarawas county, SW 32.13.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 

Jacob Bowers.Tuscarawas county, W14 NW 31.13.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Jacob Bowers, Ei/o NE 1.14.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 

John Bower, Jefferson county, NW 27.13.6, Jan. 20, 1809. 

John Bower, Harrison county, Ei^ NW 24.12.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 

John Bower, Harrison county, E14 SW 30.12.6, April 17, 1828. 

Madelena Bower, Tuscarawas county, W14 SE 26.13.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 

John Boyd, assignee of John Dixon, NE 25.12.7, Nov. 6, 1815. 

John Boyd, Jefferson county, NW 20.12.7, June 5, 1816. 

Samuel Boyd, Brooke county, Va., all 12.10.5, Sept. 8, 1806. 

Samuel Boyd, assignee of Zaccheus Beatty, SW 7.11.5, June 8, 1812. 

Jeremiah Bradley, Westmoreland county. Pa., SW 29.11.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 

John Branson, Stafford county, Va., SW 15.9.5, March 16, 1815. 

Rees Branson, Frederick county, Va., SW 27.9.5, Feb. 1, 1814. 

Bricker, see also Pricker. 

Anthony Bricker, assignee of Zaccheus Beatty, all 24.9.4, Aug. 18, 1804. 

George S. Brock, Belmont county, NW 5.10.6, July 8, 1818. 


Jesse Brock, Stafford county, Va., NW 27.9.5, Dec. 15, 1811. 

George Brokaw, Jefferson county, NE 15.9.5, June 8, 1812. 

James Brown, assignee of John Brown, NW 30.10.6, June 26, 1820. 

John Brown, assignee of David Custard, SE 7.12.5, July 29, 1819. 

John Brown, Jr., assignee of John Brown, NW 25.11.6, June 26, 1820. 

John Brown, Harrison county, Ei^. SE 33.12.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Michael Brown, Harrison county, W% NE 22.12.7, Sept. 1, 1823. 

William Brown, Brooke county, Va., all 13.9.4, Aug. 27, 1805. 

William Brown, Washington county, Pa., E^^. SW 15.12.5, Sept. 10, 1823. 

William Brown, Washington county, Pa., Ei/4 SE 29.11.5, April 2, 1829. 

William Brown, Harrison county, E^^ NW 27.12.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Ezekiel Orrick Bryan. Prince George county, Md., N% 28.10.6, July 2, 1814. 

Samuel Buchanan, Washington county. Pa., NW 11.11.5, May 8, 1806. 

Nathaniel Buck, Harrison county, SW 8.12.7, March 28, 1820. 

John Burkhead, Harrison county, NW 36.10.5, Aug. 26, 1815. 

Thomas Burkhead, Jefferson county, SW 17.10.5, July 30, 1812. 

Thomas Burkhead, Harrison county, NE 36.10.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 

William Burns, Harrison county, 'E1^ NW 30.12.6, July 1, 1831. 

Benjamin Burrows, Brooke county, Va., SW 36.10.6, May 5, 1821. 

Samuel Burrows, Harrison county, Wi,4 SW 4.11.7, Nov. 13, 1822. 

Joseph Burt, Washington county. Pa., SW 34.11.7, Nov. 26, 1819. 

Thomas Burton, Jefferson county, NE 5.11.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 

Abraham Busby, Baltimore county, Md., SW 35.10.4, Jan. 27, 1819. 

Abraham Busby, Harrison county, EVo SW 5.11.5, Sept. 15, 1823. 

Isaac Cadwalader, Fayette county. Pa., NE 6.11.7, Dec. 30, 1811. 

John Cadwallader, Jr., Tuscarawas county, SW 1.11.6, July 30, 1812. 

John Cadwallader, Fayette county. Pa., NE 12.11.7, March 16, 1814. 

John Cadwallader, Jr., Tuscarawas county, SE 12.11.7, March 16, 1814. 

John Cadwallader, Tuscai-awas county, SW 1.12.7, Aug. 4, 1814. 

Joseph Cadwallader, Harrison county, NE 2.12.7, Aug. 4, 1814. 

Griffith Cahill, assignee of George Bohrer, SE 33.10.5, March 9, 1815. 

Alexander Calderhead, Jefferson county. SE 3.8.4, April 15, 1812. 

William Calderhead, Jefferson county, NE 3.8.4, April 10, 1812. 

James Caldwell, St. Clairsville, NW 32.11.6, May 22, 1813. 

David Campbell, Washington county. Pa., SW 21.8.4, Oct. 9, 1812. 

James Campbell, Vv^estmoreland county. Pa., Wi/o SB 7.12.6, Feb. 20, 1827. 

John Campbell, Washington county, Pa., all 26.8.4, Feb. 26, 1808. 

Christian Knagy (Canaga), Somerset county Pa., SW 26.12.5, March 10, 1807. 

Christian Kanagy (Canaga), Somerset county. Pa., E^^ 26.12.5, Jan. 30, 1810. 

Christian Kanagy (Canaga), Jefferson county, NW 25.12.5, Oct. 1, 1811. 

Jacob Kanagy (Canaga), SW 32.12.5, March 10, 1807. 

Jacob Kanagy (Canaga), Jefferson county, NW 32.12.5, Nov. 1, 1811. 

Joshua Carens, Harrison county, WA NE 20.12.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 

Samuel Kernaghan (Carnahan), Jefferson county, all 6.10.5, Sept. 15, 1806. 


Samuel Kernaghan (Carnahan), Jefferson county, Northwest Territory, all 9. 

10.5, Dec. 1, 1809. 
George Carothers, Washington county. Pa., SW 8.11.6, Dec. 30, 1811. 
George Carothers, Washington county, Pa., iiE 14.11.6, Aug. 26, 1815. 
George Carothers, Harrison county, SW 31.11.6, Sept. 10, 1S31. 
James Caruthers, Harrison county, NE SE 5.12.7, Nov. 18, 1833. 
Jesse Caruthers, Harrison county, EVo SE 6.12.7, Nov. 18, 1833. 
John Caruthers, Harrison county, NW SE 35.11.6, Nov. 18, 1833. 
Samuel Caruthers, Belmont county, NE 5.12.7, Aug. 10, 1827. 
Elizabeth Carr, Washington county, Pa., Wi/, SW 15.12.5, Sept. 15, 1823. 
Elizabeth Carr, Harrison county, W% SE 15.12.5, Nov. 1, 1830. 
James Carr, Jefferson county, Wi/o NW 27.12.7, Oct. 10, 1831. 
John Carson, Harrison county, NE 4.11.6, March 7, 1817. 
John Carson, Harrison county, WV2 NW 15.12.6, May 6, 1824. 
Evan Carter, Jefferson county, SE NW 26.12.7, Dec. 11, 1839. 
Henry Carter, Tuscarawas county, W14 NE 15.14.7, Dec. 10, 1827. 
Henry Carver, Jefferson county, SE 27.9-5, June 23, 1810. 
Henry Carver, Belmont county, SE 14.12.7, Aug. 19, 1812. 
Henry Carver, Harrison county, NE 13.12.7, May 29, 1818. 
Ninian Cash, Harrison county, EVo SE 21.11.6, Sept. 1, 182^. 
Alexander Cassil, V/ashington county. Pa., all 23.9.4, Sept. 10, 1806. 
Jchn Castell, Jr., Harrison county, SW 19.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Michael Castner, assignee of William R. Dickinson, NE 33.12.5, May 3, 1822. 
Michael Castner, Jefferson county, NW 27.12.5, Aug. 10, 1827. 
Wilson Cawood, Harrison county, NE 25.12.6, May 21, 1819. 
Hazle Cecil, Harrison county, SW 6.11.6, Oct. 21, 1816. 
John Cecil, SE 35.9.5, April 22, 1819. 

Joshua Cecil, assignee of John McMillan, SW 20.10.5, July 30. 1813. 
Sarah Chambers, Brooke county, Va., all 30.8.4, Feb. 18, 1806. 
Eli Chandler, Belmont county, SE 34.10.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Enoch Chandler, Belmont county, WV2 SW 34.10.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 
William Chauey, Harrison county, NE 9.14.7, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Daniel Chicken, Kent county, Del., NE 24.11.7, July 27, 1814. 
George Christy, Jefferson county, SW 19.11.5, July 30, 1812. 
Alexander Clark, Ohio, EVo NW 34.11.7, Jan. 22, 1822. 
Alexander Clarke, Harrison county, EVo SE 5.11.7, July 1, 1831. 
John Clark, Belmont county, assignee of James Stevens, NW 15.8.4, June 6, 

Joseph Clark, assignee of Richard Noble, Sr., all 18.9.4, Oct. 10, 1806. 
Robert Clark, Sr., assignee of Asa Engle, SE 30.10.6, Jan. 10, 1820. 
Robert Clarke, Jefferson county, W% NW 29.12.7, Oct. 24, 1826. 
Thomas and Mathew Clarke, Jefferson county, EV- NE 35.12.7, Oct. 24, 1826. 
Thomas Clarke and Matthew Clarke, Harrison county, SW 30.12.7, Sept. 10, 



Samuel Clifford, Brooke county, Va., SW 33.10.5, Oct. 10, 1815. 

Charles Cole, Jefferson county, EVo SW 18.10.4, May 30, 1826. 

John Coleman, Jefferson county, Northwest Territory, all 1.8.4, Feb. 1, 1810. 

John Coleman, Harrison county, W^a NW 28.11.G, April 2, 1829. 

William Coltrap, Jefferson county, NW 19.12.6, Nov. 1, 1818. 

Samuel Colvin, Washington county, Pa., NW 18.11.7, July 30, 1812. 

William Calvin, Fayette county, NE 3.12.7, June 24, 1815. 

William Colvin, Fayette county. Pa., NE 35.11.7, July 1, 1816. 

William Colvin, Fayette county, NE 32.12.7, March 7, 1817. 

William Compher, Harrison county, NE 22.10.6, March 7, 1818. 

Eli Conoway, Harrison county, EVo SW 34.11.5, Jan. 1, 1833. 

Michael Conoway, Harrison county, WI/2 SW 33.11.5, Nov. 1, 1830. 

James Conel, Jefferson county, SW 20.12.6, Nov. 21, 1820. 

Joseph Cook, Jefferson county, NW 23 and NE 29.11.7, March 7, 1818. 

Joseph Cook, Jefferson county, SW 23.11.7, Sept. 10, 1831. 

William John Cook, Harrison county, SE SW 17.11.7, Dec. 10, 1839. 

John Coope, assignee of Thomas Johnson, NE 21.9.4, Jan. 23, 1813. 

Caleb and Imla Cooper, Harrison county, NW 8.12.7, Aug. 4, 1814. 

Caleb Cooper, Harrison county, Wi/o SE 15 and Ei/o 15.12.7, June 23, 1827. 

John Cooper, Fayette county, Pa., SW 14.12.7, March 20, 1813. 

William and John Cooper, Jr., Harrison county, SW 9.12.7, Aug. 4, 1814. 

David Copeland, Jefferson county, W1/2 SE 23.12.6, Dec. 2, 1832. 

Jsmes Copeland, Ha-rrison county, NE 21.10.4, July 5, 1816. 

j£.mes Copeland, Jefferson county, Ei/1. NE 34.12.7, Nov. 1, 1850 (?). 

John Cousins, Jefferson county, NE SE 23.12.6, Sept. 10, 1834. 

Elijah Covington, Harrison county, NE NW 26.12.7, Jan. 1, 1833. 

Zebediah Cox, Jefferson county, S% 20.11.5, Nov. 1, 1810. 

Zebediah Cox, Jefferson county, NW 19.11.5, Jan. 1, 1811, 

Zebediah Cox, Jefferson county, SE 19.11.5, May 10, 1811. 

Zebediah Cox, Jefferson county, NW 1.11.6, Nov. 10, 1811. 

Cornelius and Gabriel Crabtree, Harrison county, SW 29.11.6, May 25. 1825. 

Peter Crabtree, Harrison county, SW 17.11.6, July 16, 1819. 

Thomas Crabtree, Jefferson county, NW 19.11.6, Aug. 19, 1812. 

John Craig, Washington county, Pa., all 29.9.4, Sept. 15, 1806. 

Stokely Craig, Greene county, Pa., W1/2 SE and E14 SW 35.12.7, Sept. 15, 1823. 

Walter Craig, Washington county. Pa., SE 27.12.6, Oct. 1, 1811. 

William Craig, Washington county. Pa., SW 27.12.6, Oct. 30, 1809. 

William Craig, Washington county. Pa., NE 33 and SW 34.12.6, Oct. 1, 1811. 

John Cramblit, .Jefferson county, SE 25.12.6, Dec. 9, 1819. 

John Cramblett, Jefferson county, Wi/o SW 22.12.6, Dec. 1. 1830. 

Robert Craven, asr.ignee of William Davis, SW 10.12.5. Dec. 22, 1819. 

Alexander Crawford, Brooke county, Va., NE 25.11.5, March 1, 1808. 

Alexander Crawford, assignee of John Henderson, SW 19.12.5, June 23, 1827. 

Edward Crawford, Brooke county, Va., NW 13.11.5, Sept. 7, 1812. 


John Crawford, Harrison county, W% NW 17.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Nathaniel Crawford, Jeiferson county, SW 5.10.6, Oct. 8, 1814. 

William Crawford, Belmont county, SE 29.9.5, Feb. 10, 1809. 

Joseph Creal, Steubenville, SW 27.12.5, Nov. 13, 1822. 

iValentine Creamer, Harrison county, NW 31.12.7, Jan. 15, 1814. 

Philip Creplever, Washington county, Pa., SW 8.13.6, Jan. 20, 1812. 

John Crom, Harrison county, SE 15.13.6, April 22, 1819. 

Robert Crosson, Harrison county, E% NW 20.11.5, Aug. 10, 1827. 

John Crumrine, Tuscarawas county, E% NE 2.14.7, Sept. 10, 1823. 

Jchn Crumrine, Tuscarawas county, Wi/o SW 1 and EVo SE 2.14.7, Dec. 2, 1830. 

Thomas Cummings, Tuscarawas county, E% NW 14.14.7, Oct. 10, 1831. 

Thomas Cummings, Tuscarawas county, W% SW 15.14.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Thomas Cummings, Tuscarawas county, W% SE 15.14.7, Nov. 12, 1832. 

Robert Cummings, assignee of William Henderson, NE 18.11.5, May 21, 1819. 

David Cunningham, assignee of James Dougherty, NW 36.9.5, Nov. 10, 1811. 

David Cunningham, Harrison county, NE 5.10.6, March 16, 1814. 

Samuel Curry, Westmoreland county. Pa., NW 28.11.5, April 27, 1821. 

John W. Curtis, Harrison county, EVo SW 24.11.6, Dec. 1, 1830. 

David Custard, Jefferson county, NE 7.12.5, Oct. 1, 1811. 

Emmanuel Custer, Allegany county, Md., NE 14.12.5, Oct. 7, 1812. 

George Custard, Fayette county. Pa., all 36.10.4, March 20, 1804. 

Jacob Custer, assignee of Emmanuel Custer, SE 14.12.5, Aug. 10, 1815. 

James Darrah, assignee of Archibald Jones, NE 18.11.6, April 17, 1820. 

Daniel David, assignee of Robert Thompson, SW 6.11.7, Jan. 30, 1816. 

Henry David, Harrison county, SE 17.11.7, Feb. 14, 1817. 

Henry David, assignee of Thomas Gray, SE 23.11.7, March 7, 1817. 

James David, Jefferson county, NE 23.11.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 

Jesse Davidson, Harrison county, E% NW 28.11.7, April 20, 1827. 

John Davidson, Allegany county, Md., SW 34.12.7, Aug. 19, 1824. 

John Davidson, Harrison county, E% NW 34.12.7, June 23, 1827. 

Lewis Davidson, Tuscarawas county, SE 29.11.7, Nov. 6, 1815. 

Lewis Davidson, Harrison county, W^/o NE 27.12.7, Nov. 12, 1832. 

Samuel Davidson, Allegany county, Md., SE 27.12.7, Aug. 4, 1814. 

Thomas Davidson, Allegany county, Md., NW 29.11.7, Nov. 13, 1822. 

Thomas Davidson, Harrison county, BV^ SW 29.11.7, Oct. 10, 1831. 

William Davis, Harrison county, W^^ SB 31.13.6, March 2, 1831. 

Samuel Dearmon, Columbia (?) county, Ey^ SE 22.12.7, Jan. 30, 1827. 

Philip Deleny, assignee of John Miller, all 9.10.4, Sept. 10, 1806. 

Abraham DeLong, Tuscarawas county, Ei/o SE 14.14.7, Dec. 2, 1830. 

William Denning, Jefferson county, NW 30.11.7, Nov. 2, 1829. 

James Derry, Harrison county, WV2 SW 7.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Jesse Desellems, Belmont county, NW 21.9.5, March 7, 1818. 

James Devore, Jefferson county, SE 9.11.5, Aug. 10, 1811. 

John Dover, Brooke county, Va., all 13.9.5, July 1, 1807. 



John Dewitt, Harrison county, WV. NE 26.11.6, March 20, 1828. 

Joshua Dickerson, assignee of Robert Latta, NE 19.10.5, Jan. 14, 1811. 

Thomas Dickerson, Fayette county, Pa., all 32.9.4, Sept. 10, 1806. 

John Dicks, assignee of Nathaniel Buck, Harrison county, SE 8.12.7, Aug. 10, 

John Dicks, Harrison county, W^ NW 24.12.7, March 10, 1825. 
Henry Dillin, Washington county. Pa., NE 2.11.5, Dec. 19, 1814. 
William Disart, Washington county. Pa., SE 15.8.4, Aug. 10, 1813. 
John Dixon, Allegany county, Md., NW 19.12.7, May 21, 1819. 
James Dodds, assignee of John Beall, SE 18.11.6, Feb. 20, 1827. 
James Donaghey, Allegheny county. Pa., NW 12.12.7, Feb. 28, 1821. 
James Donaghey, Allegheny county. Pa., NE 18.12.7, May 25, 1825. 
John Donaghey, Harrison county, Ei{. NW 18.12.7, April 20, 1827. 
James Dougherty, Washington county. Pa., W% NE 22.11.7, July 1, 1831. 
David Drake, Jefferson county, all 11.9.5, Oct. 1, 1806. 
Jefferson Drake, Washington county. Pa., WVo SW 29.11.7, April 2, 1829. 
Thomas Drummond, Jefferson county, SE 31.12.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Nathaniel Dunham, Harrison county, Ei/o SW 26.12.6, Oct. 2, 1821. 
William Dunham. Jefferson county, SE 26.12.6, May 10, 1820. 
Adam Dunlap, Fayette county, Pa., assignee of William R. Dickerson, SW 13. 

10.5, Feb. 16, 1809. 
John Dunlap, Jefferson county, NW 23.9.5, April 20, 1812. 
Samuel Dunlap, Fayette county, Pa.. SE 20.10.5, Dec. 10, 1805. 
William Dunlap, assignee of Roger Toothaker, NW 19.10.5, Nov. 15, 1809. 
■William Dunlap, Fayette county, Pa., SE 36.9.5, Oct. 8, 1818. 
Jeremiah Dutton, assignee of Jesse Clark, WVj SW 20.13.6, May 25, 1825. 
Daniel Easely, Halifax county, Va., SE 18.11.7, June 23, 1810. 
Daniel Easley, Halifax county, Va., NE 17.11.7, Dec. 15, 1810. 
Daniel Easley, Halifax county, Va., SE 19.12.7, Dec. 15, 1810. 
Daniel Easley, assignee of Berriman McLaughlin, NW 13.12.7, Aug. 30, 181 G. 
Daniel Easley, Harrison county, NW 11.11.7, March 7, 1818. 
Jacob Easterday, Jefferson county, NE 27.13.6, Aug. 10, 1811. 
James Edwards, Belmont county, E1/2 NE 26.11.6, Oct. 24, 1826. 
John Edwards, Tuscarawas county, Wi^ SW 7.14.7, May 20, 1826. 
Thomas Elder, assignee of James Edie, Wi/1> NE 20.11.5, May 25, 1825. 
Jonathan Ellis, Belmont county, all 3.9.5, Aug. 15, 1807. 
Theodore Ellis, Frederick county, Va., NW 33.9.5, Feb. 16, 1809. 
Theodore Ellis, assignee of Stacy Bevan, SW 33.9.5, June 1, 1815. 
Endsley, see also Insley. 

Andrew Andsley, assignee of Henry Hemery, SE 5.11.5, Dec. 23, 1811. 
David Endslay, Jefferson county, NE 4.11.5, Aug. 26, 1808. 
John Endsley, assignee of Isaac Osburn, SW 17.11.5, Aug. 22, 1810. 
James English, Harrison county, NE 12.12.6, Aug. 18, 1817. 
James English, Harrison county, EVo NW 5.12.6, June 23, 1827. 



James English, Harrison county, EVi; NW 12.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

El win, see also Irwin. 

Andrew Erwin, Harrison county, W'l/j SW 33.12.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 

Jcsmes Ervin, assignee of Philip Spiker, NW 31.12.6, May 25, 1825. 

Jane Erwin, Harrison county, WM; NW 14.12.6, Aug. 10, 1825. 

Joshua Erwin, assignee of Robert Irwin, W% SE 15.12.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 

Robert Erwin, Harrison county, SE NW 32.12.6, Nov. 18, 1833. 

Robert Erwin, Harrison county, NE NW 32.12.6, Sept. 10, 1834. 

Asher Evans, ^larrison county, WVo NE 15.12.7, Dec. 1, 1830. 

James Evans, Harrison county, EV2 S^ 5.12.6, Dec. 1, 1830. 

William Evans. Harrison county, W% SB 4.12.6, Dec. 2, 1832. 

John Everhardt, Harrison county, NW 1.12.5, Jan. 21, 1819. 

Jacob Fadley, Loudoun county, Va., NW 15.12.5, Aug. 19, 1818. 

Jonas Fagley, Jefferson county, Ohio, assignee of Josiah Wickersham, NW '^8, 

9.5, June 19, 1813. 
Henry Ferguson, V/ashington county, Pa., all 3.10.4, June 6, 1806. 
Samuel Ferguson, Washington county. Pa.. SE 13.11.5, July 30, 1812. 
James Ferrell, Harrison county, EVj NW 15.11.5, April 5, 1S22. 
James Ferrell, Harrison county. Wi/4 NW 15.11.5, April 30, 1822. 
James Ferrell, Harrison county, EVo NE 22.11.5, April 20, 1825. 
James Ferrell, assignee of Robert Thompson, W1/2 NE 22.11.5, Aug. 10, 1827. 
Andrew Farrier, Jefferson county. NW 27.11.5, Oct. 5, 1808. 
Andrew Ferrier, assignee of Thomas Archbold, S'^ 23.11.5, April 20, 1812. 
Andrew Farrier, Harrison county, SB 26.11.5, Oct. 8, 1814. 
James Finney, Fayette county. Pa., all 27.9.4, Sept. 15, 1806. 
David Firebaugh, Harrison county, NE 20.13.6. Oct. 18, 1825. 
John Firebaugh, assignee of Elizabeth Forney, SE 14.13.6, June 8, 1812. 
John Firebough, Tuscarawas county, NE 13.13.6, Nov. 6, 1815. 
Heirs of Philip Firebaugh, dec'd, of Allegany county, Md., SW 33.12.5, Sept. 

7, 1812. 
Philip Firebaugh, Somerset county. Pa., NW 14.13.6, Nov. 17, 1812. 
Philip Firebaugh, Tuscarawas county, SW 15.13.6, March 28, 1820. 
George Fisher, Washington county, Pa.. NW 10.11.5, Dec. 30, 1811. 
George Fisher, assignee of William Barnhill, Harrison county, NW 23.11.5, 

Aug. 19, 1824. 
George Fisher, Harrison county, W% SW 24.11.5, July 1, 1831. 
James Fisher, assignee of Samuel Osburn, NW 4.11.5, June 10, 1811. 
James Fisher, assignee of Samuel Osburn, SW 4.11.5, Dec. 30, 1811. 
James Fisher, Harrison county, SE 8.14.7, Sept. 1, 1819. 

James Fisher, Tuscarawas county, WVj SW 2.14.7, 15, 1823. 

James Fisher, Tuscarawas county, W% NE 7.14.7, May 30, 1826. 
James Fisher, Tuscarawas county, SB NE 8.14.7, Nov. 18, 1833. 
John Fisher, assignee of Dory Beall, W^^ NE 6.12.6, May 25, 1825. 
John Fisher, Harrison county, E% SW 6.12.6, July 1, 1831. 



John Fisher, Harrison county, WVo SE 1.13.6, Dec. 2, 1832. 

Thomas Fisher, Jefferson county, NE 29.11.5, June 5, 1816. 

John Fissal, Harrison county, E^/o NW 30.11.5, Jan. 10, 1820. 

Thomas Fitzgerald, Harrison county, SW SE 35.11.6, Dec. 8, 1835. 

Archibald Fletcher, Adams county, Pa., SW 21.10.4, July 30, 1813. 

Henry Ford, Harrison county, Ei/o NB 36.11.5, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Isaac Ford, assignee of Lewis Ford, Harrison county, NW 29.11.6, Nov. 13, 1822. 

James Ford, Brooke county, Va.. all 34.9.4, Oct. 5, 1808. 

James Ford, Harrison county, SE 36.10.6, June 5, 1816. 

John Ford, Harrison county, £% SE 35.11.6, Aug. 10. 1827. 

Lewis Ford, Fayette county. Pa., SW 5.11.6, Oct. 8, 1818. 

Stephen Ford and Peter Hesser, executors of Nicholas France, all 1.11.4, Aug. 

1, 1807. 
Stephen Ford, assignee of John Cook, all 31.11.4, Oct. 1, 1811. 
Stephen Ford, assip:nee of John Schwartz, NW 31.12.5, Sept. 9, 1817. 
Thomas Ford, Harrison county, Ei/o SE 32.12.5, Nov. 1, 1830. 
John Fordyce, Tuscarawas county, E^t NW 33.12.7, Oct. 10, 1831. 
Samuel Fordyce. Fayette county. Pa., WVo NW 35.12.7, May 20, 1826. 
Vv^illiam Foreman, Harrison county, SE 17.10.4, Dec. 29, 1818. 
Nancy Forney, Westmoreland county. Pa., NW 7.13.6, Jan. 1, 1812. 
Peter Forney, Somerset county, Pa., NW 8.13.6, Sept. 21, 1810. 
Alexander Foster, assignee of Henry Ernes, NW 6.10, 4, March 30, 1815. 
Samuel Foster, Allegheny county. Pa., SW 29.9.5, Sept. 3, 1813. 
John Fowler, Harrison county, SE 36.11.5, March 7, 1818. 
John Fowler, Harrison county, W^o NW 23.12.6, May 20, 1826. 
John Fowler, Jr., V/Vs SE 30.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
John Fowler, Harrison county, Wi/o NE 20.12.6, July 1, 1831. 
France, see Stephen Ford, executor. 

George Fresh, Jefferson county, SE 21.8.4, April 15, 1813. 
John Fry, Jefferson county, NW 20.13.6, Aug. 10, 1813. 
John Fuller, assignee of Jacob Myers, all 10.8.4, April 5, 1806. 
John Fulton, Fayette county. Pa., all 35.9.4, Sept. 15, 1806. 
William Fulton, Harrison county, WVo SE 23.12.7, Aug. 10, 1825. 
William Fulton, assignee of Isaac Webb, EI2 SE 23.12.7, Aug. 25,1825. 
James McC. Galbrrrith. Cumberland county. Pa., NE 23.10.4, March 18, 1814. 
William Gallaher, Fayette county. Pa., NE 17.10.4, Feb. 20, 1S09. 
George Gamble, Tvrscarawas county, EVo SW and Wi/^ SE 9.14.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 
William Gamble, Jefferson county NE 3.14.7, May 21, 1819. 
William Gamble, Tuscarawas county, WVo SE 32.13.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
William Gamble, Jr., assignee of William Gamble, WVo NW 33.13.6. Feb. 20, 

John Gardner, Washington county. Pa., E% 22.9.4, Nov. 1, 1810. 
John Gardner, Washington county. Pa., SW 22.10.4, May 15, 1811. 
John Gardner, Washington county, Pa., SE 22.10.4, Oct. 7, 1812. 


Mahlon Gardner and other heirs at law of Samuel Gardner, dec'd, NW 22.11.6, 

Nov. 10, 1827. 
Samuel Gardner, assignee of William Bush, NW 23.11.6. March 5, 1818. 
Samuel Gardner, Berkeley county, Va., SW 23.11.6, March 5, 1818. 
William Garmier, Greene county, Pa., SW 3.14.7, Aug. 25, 1S25. 
Hezekiah Garner, assignee of John Johnson, Sr., SW 28.11.6, Aug. 19, 1818. 
Casparus Garretsoa, Jefferson county, NB 23.11.7, March 18, 1814. 
Jacob Gatchel, Harrison county, SW 28.10.5, Jan. 27, 1819. 
Christian Geabeler, Harrison county, SW 2.12.5, Aug. 10, 1827. 
William Geary, Allegheny county, Pa., SW 20.11.6, May 10, 1820. 
William Gervis, Harrison county, W^/^ NE 23.11.5, April 5, 1822. 
David Gibson, Brooke county, Va., SW 17.10.4, Feb. 20, 1809. 
Joseph Gilbert, Harrison county, W14 NE 11.11.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
John Gilchrist, Fayette county. Pa., SW 14.10.5, Jan. 1, 1811. 
Archibald Gilkison, assignee of James Steel, admr. of James Turbet, dec'd, 

NE 34.11.6, May 5, 1821. 
Joseph Gill, assignee of David Lupton, all 23.8.4. June 3, 1806. 
William Gillespie, .Jr., Jefferson county, SW 32.11.6, Aug. 3, 1818. 
Francis Gilmore, Jefferson county, NW 14.10.5, Dec. 29,1808. 
Francis Gilmore, Jefferson county, NE 19.11.5, Feb. 1, 1810. 
Francis Gilmore, Jefferson county, NE 25.10.5, Sept. 7, 1812. 
Gordon R. Gilmore, assignee of Nathaniel Gilmer, Harrison county, E14 S"W 

29.12.7. Aug. 19, 1824. 
John Gilmore, New York, SW 13.12.7, Jan. 1, 1810. 

Nathaniel Gillmor, assignee of James Wright, SE 24.12.7, Jan. 1, 1811. 
Nathaniel Gilmer, assignee of James Wright, assignee of David Moody, E^l. 

NE 17.12.7, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Samuel Gilmore, V/ashington county. Pa., all 3.10.5, Feb. 10, 1807. 
Robert Given, assignee of James Boyd, SW 10.12.6, April 10, 1827. 
Mathias Glass, Tuscarawas county, SW NW 9.14.7, Jan. 1, 1833. 
Mathias Glass, Harrison county, NW NW 9.14.7, April 1, 1837. 
Peter Goodman, Washington county, Pa., WV, NW 22 11.7, Sept. 1. 1823. 
John Gordon. Washington county, Pa., WV2 SE 29.11.5, Oct. 6, 1826. 
Thomas Gordon, assignee of Robert Guttray, SW 25.10.5, Oct. 1, 1811. 
John Gutschall, Cumberland county. Pa., SW 6.11.5, July 5, 1819. 
Jonas Gotshall, Perry county. Pa., NW 21.12.5, Sept. 25, 1823. 
.Joseph Gotshall, Harrison county, NE 15.12.5, Sept. 20, 1823. 
Margaret Gotschall, Harrison county, NE 12.10.4, June 23, 1827. 
Nicholas Gutshall, Washington county. Pa., all 17.11.4, May 8, 1806. 
Francis Grace, Harrison county, WV. SW 11.12.6, Oct. 20, 1824. 
J'rancis Grace, Harrison county, BVo SE 17.12.6, Dec. 1, 1830. 
Francis Grace, Harrison county, SE NW 11.12.6, Jan. 1, 1833. 
John Grace, Harrison county, WV2 SE 36.12.6, April 2. 1829. 
John Grace, Harrison county, E^/j SE 36.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 



William Gracey, Jefferson county, NW 32.12.7, Dec. 29, 1818. 

I]benezer Atherton Gray, Harrison county, Wy^ SB 34.12.7, Sept. 10, 1834. 

Henry Green, Harrison county, BV2 NE 27.12.6, April 20, 1827. 

Abraham Grein, assignee of Jesse Edgington, NW 23.10.4, May 5, 1820 (can- 

Jonathan Grewell, Harrison county, W% SW 27.12.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Moses Griffin, Belmont county, NE 26.9.5, Aug. 15, 1808. 

William Griffith, Harrison county, Wi/o SW 6.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Abraham Grim, assignee of Jesse Edgington, NW 23.10.4, Feb. 21, 1821. 

William Grimes, assignee of Alexander Millikan, NW 15.10.5, July 30, 1813. 

William Grist and William Philips, assignee of Benjamin Stanton, SW 9.11.6, 
Dec. 1, 1809. 

Abraham Grove, Greene county. Pa., W% NE 35.12.7, May 6, 1824. 

John L. Grubb, Brooke county, Va., SE 24.11.7, May 25, 1825. 

Benjamin Gudgeon, Harrison county, SE 4.11.7, Oct. 8, 1818. 

Joseph Gundy, Somerset county. Pa., NE 14.13.6, Jan. 10, 1812. 

Joseph Gunty, Harrison county, SW 14.13.6, July 10, 1817. 

Joseph Gundy, Harrison county, W^ NW 1.13.G, May 20, 1826. 

Josiah Guttry, Harrison county, SE SE — 12.7, Nov. 18, 1833. 

Robert Guttrj% Jefferson county, NW 35.9.5, Aug. 4, 1814. 

William Guttery and Matthew Templeton, assignees of Thomas Henderson 
Sy2 30.9.5, Oct. 10, 1815. 

Elisha Guyton, Tuscarawas county, E^^ NE 4.12.7, Oct. 6, 1826. 

Elisha Guyton, Tuscarawas county, EVa NW 34.11.6, Oct. 6, 1826. 

Hu^h Gwynn, Jefferson county, SW 22.9.4, Aug. 6, 1813. j 

Abraham Hagey, Franklin county. Pa.. SW 3.12.5, July 5, 1816. 1 

Isaac Haines, Jefferson county, SE 4.11.6, July 30, 1812. j 

Jesse Haines, assignee of Thomas Barrett, NE 27.10.5, Oct. 1, 1811. I 

Samuel and Israel Haynes, and other heirs of John Haynes, NW 10.11.7, Noi , ! 

2, 1829. i 

Thomas Haines, assignee of David Barrett, NW 9.11.6, March 10, 1807. j 

Isabella Haggerty, Jefferson county, SW 3.11.5, May 10, 1811. 

John Hamble, Jefferson county, SW 12.11.6, Feb. 17, 1820. 

William Hamilton, assignee of Samuel Pickering, NE 32.9.5, Aug. 15, 1811. 

Fiet Handel, Jefferson county, WV2 SW 18.10.4, Oct. 20, 1824. 

Robert Hanlin, Jefferson county, Wy^ SW 12.12.6, Jan. 1. 1833. 

James Hanna, Washington county. Pa., Sy^ 29.10.4, March 1, 1810. 

Robert Ilanna, assignee of Charles Wilson, NW 28.10.4, Oct. 8, 1814. 

Samuel Hanna, Washington county, Pa., all 10.9.5, Aug. 27, 1805. 

Samuel Hanna, Washington county. Pa., all 24.8.4, Sept. 15, 1806. 

John Harding, Harrison county, SE 28.12.6, Dec. 1, 1830. 

Jacob Harman, Harrison county, Ey^ NW 3.13.6, April 2, 1829, 

Michael Ilarmon, Harrison county, NW 21.13.6, May 29, 1818. 

Michael Harmon, Harrison county, SE 21.13.6, Jan. 27, 1819. 


Michael Harmon and Joseph Bartholomew, Tuscarawas county, NW 26.13.6 
May 25. 1825. 

George Harrimon. Washington county. Pa., NE 14.11.5, May 15, 1811. 

Jeremiah Harris, Jefferson county, SW 31.9.5, July 10, 1821. 

Joseph Harris, Harrison county, WVs SW 3.12.7, Nov. 13, 1822. 

John Harrison, Steubenville, Wi/^ SE 33.12.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 

Joseph Harrison, Harrison county, EVij SE 33.12.5, Aug. 10, 1828. 

George Hartford. Brooke covmty, Va., NE 6.10.4, Feb. 1, 1809. 

James Harvey, Jefferson county, SE 18.10.6, Feb. 14, 1817. 

William Hatfield, Belmont county, SE 5.11.6, Sept. 1, 1819. 

(Abraham Havmer, Chester county. Pa., SE 26.9.5, April 5, 1806. 

John Haverfield, Harrison county, SE 22.10.5, March 7, 1817. 

Joseph Haverfield. Harrison county, NW 22.10.5, May 20, 1817. 

David Hazen, assignee of John Bower, SW 32.12.7, Feb. 14, 1817. 

James Hazlett, Fayette county. Pa., NW 18.10.4, Jan. 20, 1812. 

James Hazlett, Jefferson county, WV2 NE 18.10.4, Sept. 25, 1823. 

Thomas Hazlett, Steubenville, NW 6.11.6, Feb. 14, 1817. 

John Histand, Somerset county, Pa., SE 20.13.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 

John Heastand, Tuscarawas county, WVo NE 19.13.6,^ July 1, 1831. 

Edward Heath, Jefferson county, Ei/. NW 21.12.6, April 30, 1822. 

Edward Heath, Jefferson county, WI/2 NW 21.12.6, Sept. 10, 1823. 

Adam Tleavilin, Harrison county, W^A SE 2.12.6, Aug. 19, 1827. 

Samuel Heavilin, Jefferson county Pa. (?), NE 30.10.5, Jan. 1, 1812. 

Spmuel Heavilin, Harrison county, SE 25.11.5, Jan. 27, 1819. 

Samuel Hedges, assignee of John Caldwell, who was assignee of Robert Mc- 
Laughlin, admr. of James McLaughlin, dec'd, SW 30.10.5, May 15, 1822. 

Fielding Hefling, Harrison county, EV> SW 6.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 

John Hefling, Belmont county, NW 6.12.7, March 2, 1821. 

John Hefling, Belmont county, NE 12.12.7, Aug. 19, 1824. 

Henry Heisler, Northumberland county. Pa., all 9.11.4, Feb. 17, 1806. 

Charles Henderson, assignee of Gavin Allison, SB 10.10.6, . 

John Henderson, assignee of John Yoimg, all 27.8.4. June 6, 1806. 

William Henderson, Jefferson county, NE 17.10.5, April 10, 1812. 

William Henderson, Harrison county, SW 3.13.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 

Andrew Hendricks, Allegany county, Md., NE 35.10.4, Dec. 12, 1812. 

Andrew Hendricks, Harrison county, NW 3.12.5, Aug. 4, 1814. 

Andrew Hendricks, Harrison county, NW 12.11.5, Oct. 8. 1814. 

Andrew Hendricks, Harrison county, W^o NE 12.11.5, Aug. 25, 1825. 

Emanuel Hendricks, Harrison county, Ey^ NE 32.12.5, Dec. 10, 1827. 

Jacob Hendricks, Harrison county, NE 3.12.5, Aug. 4, 1814. 

Jacob Hendricks, Harrison county, SE 19.12.5, May 21, 1819. 

Jacob Hendricks, Harrison county, W/j NE 32.12.5, Dec. 10, 1827. 

John Hendricks, Somerset county, Pa., NE 21.11.4, March 20, 1813. 


John Hendricks, Somerset county, Pa., SB 20.12.5, Oct. 25, 1813. 

John Hendricks, Sr., assignee of Timothy Spencer, Jr., SW 13.12.5, Aug. 19, 

Joseph Hendricks, Somerset county. Pa., NE 20.12.5, March 20, 1813. 
Henry Hemry, Harrison county, NW 32.10.4, March 30, 1815. 
James Henry, Westmoreland county. Pa., SW 11.11.5 and SE 32.11.5, Sept. 1, 

Robert Henry, Westmoreland county, Pa., NW 4.12.6, April 27, 1821. 
Vv^illiam Henry, assignee of Anthony Sell, Harrison county, SE 13.12.5, Nov. 

13, 1822. 
Heirs of Christian Herr, SE 8.13.6, June 10, 1811. 

James Hicks, assignee of William Newsam, NE 2.12.5, July 25, 1820. 
Thomas Hidey, W14 NE 21.12.5, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Anthony Hiller, Greene county, Pa., EV2 SE 32.13.6, Dec. 1, 1829. 
Jchp Hines, Harrison county, SW 36.10.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Joseph Hines, Harrison county, WI/2 SE 30.11.6, Nov 1, 1830. 
James Hoagland, Jefferson county, Pa., NE 33.11.5, Oct. 1, 1811. 
James Hoagland, Harrison county, E% SE 33.11.5, Oct. 10, 1831. 
Thomas Hougland, Harrison county, E% SE 7.12.6, April 2, 1829. 
Francis Hobson, assignee of Joseph Pugh, SE 11.11.6, Jan. 20, 1817. 
Mary Hoff, Harrison county, W% SW 19.13.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Richard Hoff, Harrison county, EVo SE 26.13.6, April 8, 1828. 
Robert Hogge, Washington county. Pa., SE 26.12.7, Jan. 21, 1819. 
William Hogg, Fayette county. Pa., all 11.9.4, Nov. 27. 1804. 
John Hollet, Jefferson county, SE 11.11.7, March 5, 1818. 
John Hollett, Jefferson county, W14 SW 5.11.7, May 11, 1824. 
Robert Holliday, Jefferson county. NE 30.11.7, Jan. 20, 1817. 
David Hollingsworth, EVa NW 5.12.7, April 20, 1827. 
Aaron Holloway, Stafford county, Va., NW 32.9. 5, Jan. 2, 1810. 
Asa Holloway, Sr., Belmont county, NE 27.9.5, Jan. 20, 1812. 
Daniel Holloway, Belmont county, SW 11.12.7, Feb. 14, 1817. 
Jacob Holloway, assignee of Horton Howard and Isaac Parker, S^^ 21.9.5, July 

16, 1819. 
Jacob Holloway, Belmont county, Ei^ 22.9.5, April 20, 1825. 
Jacob Holloway, assignee of Horton Howard, NE 21.9.5, Feb. 6, 1826. 
James Holloway, Harrison county, W14 NW 5.12.7, June 23, 1826. 
Jonas Halloway, Harrison coimty, W% SW 5.12.7, Dec. 2, 1830. 
Jonas Holloway. Harrison county, EVo NE 10.12.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 
.Joseph Holloway, Belmont county, SE 23.9.5, Nov. 15, 1810. 
Robert Holloway, assignee of John Porter, NW ri.9.5, March 2, 1821. 
Francis Holmes, Jefferson county, SW 11.10.4, Oct. 1, 1811. 
Heirs of Isaac Holmes, dec'd, assignees of Daniel McMillan, W14 SW 14.14.7, 

Oct. 18, 1826. 
Joseph Holmes, Jefferson county. Northwest Tenltory, all 25.9.4, Jan. 22, 1806. 


John Hoobley, Harrison county, E^^ SE 27.12.5, Nov. 2, 1829. 

Ellis Hoopes, Jefferson county, SE 15.9.4, Oct. 7, 1812. 

Nathan Hoopes, Jefferson county, NW 15.9.4, Dec. 4, 1809. 

John Hoover, Jefferson county, Ei/o NW 35.12.6, March 2, 1831. 

Horton Howard, assignee of James Pollock, NW 15.9.5, Aug. 26, 1815. 

Abel Howell, Belmont county, SW 23.9.5, May 12, 1815. 

Abel Howell, Belmont county, Ei/o SE 17.10.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 

John Howell, Belmont county, SE 25.9.5, Jan. 20, 1812. 

6eth Howell, Pittsburgh, SE 29.10.6, Dec. 9, 1819. 

Benjamin Howse, Jefferson county, SE 6.11.6, April 22, 1819. 

Francis House, Jefferson county, SE 32.10.5, Dec. 26, 1815. 

William House, Harrison county, EVs SE 20.12.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 

Benjamin Hudson, Harrison county, E14 NW 24.11.7, Aug. 19, 1824. 

Eli Hudson, Harrison county, Wi/o NW 24.11.7, April 2, 1829. 

Jesse Huff, Jefferson county, NW 14.12.7, Dec. 15, 1811. 

John Huff, Jefferson county, NE 20.12.7, Nov. 17, 1812. 

Joseph Huff, Jefferson county, all 36.8.4, Sept. 10, 1806. 

William Huff, Jefferson county, SE 4.12.7, Feb. 1, 1810. 

James Huntsman, Belmont county, WV2 NE 10.12.7, Nov. 12, 1832. 

William Humphreys, Harrison county, BYs SE 4.12.6, Dec. 1, 1830. 

William Humphreys, Harison county, Wy^ SW 34.11.5, Dec. 1, 1830. 

Isaac Herless, Harrison county, Ei/o NE 18.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Samuel Hurleass, Harrison county, EU SW 18.12.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 

Samuel Harless, Harrison county, NW SE 18.12.6, Sept. 10, 1834. 

Robert Hurton, Ohio county, Va., NW 17.10.6, Aug. 10, 1811. 

John Hutchinson, York county. Pa., NW 3.8.4, June 7, 1808. 

Samuel Hutchinson, Chester county. Pa., NE 13.10.5, June 23, 1810. 

Heirs of Samuel Hutchinson, Chester county. Pa., NE 13.10.5, Feb. 28, 1816. 

William Hutchinson, Jefferson county, SW 3.8.4, Jan. 20, 1812. 

Samuel Hyde, Harrison county, Ei/^ NW 31.13.6, Sept. 15, 1823. 

Robert Innis, Westmoreland county. Pa., SE 28.9.5, Nov. 16, 1812. 

Insley, see also Endlsey. 

Micajah Insley, assignee of William Sherron, EVa SE 19.12.6, Aug, 10, 1827. 

Micajah Insley, Stark county, Ohio, WV2 SE 19.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

James Irons, Allegany county, Md., NE 29.12.7, Feb. 17, 1820. 

Thomas Irons, Allegany county, Md., SE 28.12.7, May 25, 1825. 

Thomas Irons, Harrison county, EVs SE 28.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Irwin, see also Erwin. 

Robert Irwin, SW 31.12.6, Sept. 19, 1817. 

Joseph Janney, Loudoun county, Va., all 2.9.5, Aug. 27, 1805. 

John Jeffries, Harrison county, WV2 NW 19.13.6, April 2, 1829. 

Catherine Jeffries, Harrison county, E% NW 19.13.6, April 2, 1829. 

Michael Jenkins, Hampshire county, Va., all 20.8.4, Oct. 10, 1806. 

Michael Jenkins, Belmont county, all 19.9.5, July 30, 1812. 


Jonathan Jessop, assignee of Josiah Updegraff, all 31.9.4, April 30, 1806. 
Amon Shannon Johnson, Harrison county, NE NE 29.11.5, Dec. 8, 1835. 
AndreAV Johnson. Harrison connty, Ei/. NE 15.12.6. April 2, 1829. 
Benjamin Johnson, Allegany county, Md., SW 10.11.6, May 23, 1810. 
Benjamin Johnson, Brooke county, Va., NW 27.12.6, April 20, 1812. 
Benjamin Johnson, Brooke county, Va., Wi^ NE 27.12.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 
Derrick Johnson, Jefferson county, SB 31.11.6, March 18, 1814. 
Elijah Johnson, Harrison county, Wi/1> SW 21.11.6, Sept. 1, 1823. 
Enoch Johnson, in his own right, and assignee of Benjamin Johnson, NW 10. 

11.6, Aug. 25, 1825. 
Henry Johnson, Allegheny county, NE 24.10.6, June 8, 1812. 
Isaac Johnson, assignee of Abel Johnson, Brooke county, Va., NW 34.12.6, Oct. 

7, 1812. 
James Johnson, Sr., Tuscarawas county. NW 23.12.7, June 1, 1815. 
Joel Johnson, Brooke county, Va., SW 28.12.6, April 10, 1812. 
John Johnson, assignee of Samuel Dannell, all 29.8.4, Aug. 27, 1807. 
John Johnson, Jefferson county, NW 27.11.6, May 23, 1810. 
John Johnson, Sr., Harrison county, SW 30.11.0. Oct. 3, 1816. 
John P. Johnson, Harrison county, SW 25.12.6, May 21, 1819. 
John Johnson, Tuscarawas county, WVL- NE 31.13.6, Dec. 10, 1827. 
Joseph Johnson, Brooke county, Va., NW 28.12.6, Dec. 25, 1811. 
Joseph and Lemuel Johnson, Tuscarawas county, SE 24.10.6, Aug. 19, 1812. 
Joseph Johnson, Steubenville, NE 28.12.6, Mai-ch 7, 1817. 
Joseph Johnson, Harrison county, NE 34.12.6, Aug. 3, 1818. 
Joseph Johnson, assignee of Abraham Lance, NE 30.10.6, May 21, 1819. 
Joseph Johnston, Harrison county, SE 24.11.5, Sept. 1, 1819. 
Josiah Johnson. Harrison county, SW 29.12.6, Nov. 2, 1829. 
Nathan Johnson, Jefferson county, NW 11.10.4, April 10, 1812. 
Nathan Johnson, Harrison county, NW 30.11.6, May 21, 1819. 
Nimrod Johnson, E^y SE 33.12.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 

Samuel R. Johnston, Steubenville, SE and SW 20.12.6, Oct. 20, 1824. 
Thomas Johnson, Tuscarawas county, WU NE 30.11.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Thomas Johnson, Harrison coimty, WVo NE 15.12.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 
William Johnson, Allegany county, Md., NW 18.10.6, May 23, 1810. 
William Johnson, assignee of Joel Johnson, SE 34.12.6, Jan. 1, 1812. 
William Johnson (of James) Jefferson county, NE 23.12.7, July 30, 1812. 
William Johnson. Harrison county, E14 NE 35.9.5, May 25, 1825. 
Malachi Jolly, Harrison county, Ei.^ SE 1.13.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 
Edward Jones, Harrison county, NW 30.10.5, July 29, 1819. 
Elijah .Tones, assigiiee of Richard McKibben, Belmont county, SW 17.10.6, Aug. 

19, 1824. 
Henry Jones, Harrison county, E'l^ NW 1.13.6, Dec. 1, 1830. 
Isaac Jones, Harrison coimty, EV2 NE 15.12.7, May 20, 1826. 
John Jones, Harrison county, Ei4 SW 11.11.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 




John Jones, Harrison countj-, W14 SW 36.12.7, May 20, 1826. 

John Jones. Harrison county, W^/j NW 30.12.7, April 2, 1829. 

William Jones, Belmont county, W14 NE 35.9.5, April 20, 1825. 

William Jones, Belmont county, Wy, SE 17.10.6, April 20, 1825. 

Zachariah Jones and James Hutson, Harrison county, SE 28.10.6, June 20, 1820. 

Samuel Jumpes, Jefferson county, SW 24.9.5, Nov. 17, 1812. 

Jacob Kail, Harrison county, WVo SE 18.10.4, Dec. 2, 1830, 

Peter Kail, JeiTerson county, NW 18.11.5, May 23, 1810. 

Peter Kail, Jefferson county, SE 18.11.5, Oct. 7, 1813. 

John Karr, Harrison county, E^. NE 23.11.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 

James Keep, Allegheny county, Pa., NW 2.12.5, Aug. 19. 1824. 

Benjamin Keeran, H:arrison county, E14 NE 32.11.6, Oct. 20, 1824. 

Joseph Keiser, Harrison county. NE 2.13.6, Sept. 3, 1813. 

Thomas Kells. Steubenville, NW 26.11.5, Aug. 3, 1818. 

James Kelly, Washington county, Ohio (?), all 3.11.4, Feb. 1, 1809. 

Robert Kelly, Brooke county, Va., NE 29.10.4, Nov. 10, 1811. 

William Kelly, Brooke county. Va., SE 23.10.4, Jan. 20. 1812. 

Amanda Kemp, Harrison county, Wi^ SW 5.11.5, March 10, 1825. 

Citizen James Kennedy, Harrison county. Ei/4 NE 30.11.6. Dec. 1, 1830. 

John Kennedy, Washington county. Pa., NW 6.10.6, Dec. 15, 1811. 

Matthew Kennedy, Harrison county, NW 13.11.6, March 7, 1817. 

Matthew Kennedy, Harrison county, SW 13.11.6, Nov. 2, 1829. 

Absalom Kent, Fayette county. Pa., all 1.12.6, Aug. 27. 1805. 

Absalom Kent, Jefferson county, N^/. 24.10.5, Aug. 27, 1805. 

Absalom Kent, Jefferson county, SE 29.10.5, Aug. 27, 1805. 

Absalom Kent, Fayette county, Pa., all 31.11.5, Feb. 1, 1809. 

Absalom Kent, Jefferson county. SE 9.12.6, Dec. 25, 1811. 

Absalom Kent, Jefferson county, NE 7.12.6, Jan. 20, 1812. 

Absalom Kent, Harrison county, SW 32.12.6, Jan. 21, 1819. 

Absalom Kent, Sr., assignee of James Darrow, SW 18.12.7, Aug. 10, 1827, 

Joseph Kent, Washington county. Pa., all 27.10.4, July 14, 1806. 

William Kent, Harrison county, EVo NE 36.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

James Kerr, assignee of Zaccheus A. Beatty, all 8.9.4, Feb. 1, 1810. 

Josiah Kidwell, assignee of Leonard Barnes, NE 1.11.6, March 28, 1820. 

John Kiggen, assignee of Zaccheus A. Beatty, NE 34.10.6, Jan. 26, 1809. 

James Kimble, Pennsylvania, WV> SW 22.11.6, Jan. 26, 1822. 

Adam Kimmel and Jacob Turney, Harrison county, SE 2.12.5, April 15, 1813. 

Adam Kimel, Harrison county, NE 1.12.5, July 1, 1816. 

John Kimel, Jefferson county, SW 20.12.5, March 16. 1814. 

John Kimel, Harrison county, NW 19.12.5, July 1, 1816. 

John Kimel, Jefferson county, SW 7.12.5, July 1, 1816. 

John Kimmel, Harrison county, E% NE 25.12.5, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Leonard Kimel, Sr., NW 20.12.5. July 1. 1816. 

William King, Harrison county, E^^ NE 22.12.6, May 6, 1824. 


William King, York county, Pa., Ei/4 NW 8.14.7, Aug. 12, 1826. 

Christopher Kinsey, Harrison county, SE 2.12.7, July 16, 1819. 

Richard Kinsey, assignee of Daniel Johnson, NW 6.11.7, June 5, 1816. 

Stephen Kinsey, Jefferson county, NE 33.9.5, Jan. 20, 1812. 

Benjamin Kirk, Belmont county, SB 15.9.5, Dec. 22, 1812. 

Hugh Kirkpatrick, assignee of John Wallace, of Ohio, NW 25.10.5, March T, 

Israel R. Kirkpatrick, assignee of Jesse Updegraff, who was assignee of Daniel 

Hoobler, B^A NE 27.12.5, Aug. 25, 1825. 
(Israel Kirkpatrick, Harrison county, Ei^ SW 24.11.5, April 2, 1831. 
George Kitt, Harrison county, NE 35.12.6, April 8, 1828. 
John Knight, Jefferson county, NE 18.10.6, Oct. 7, 1812. 
John Knight, Tuscarawas county, NW 3.11.6, March 16, 1815. 
Heirs of John Knight, dec'd, Tuscarawas county, SW 18.10.6, Sept. 19, 1817. 
John Knight, Harrison county, Ei^ NW 28.11.6, April 2, 1829. 
Samuel Knight, Somerset county, Pa., all 7.10.5, Dec. 20, 1808. 
Jacob Kuhn, Washington county. Pa., all 14.8.4, Aug. 27, 1805. 
Benjamin W. Ladd and Henry Crew, in trust for the use of certain persons of 

color, emancipated, Ei^ NE 21.12.6, Jan. 26, 1822. 
Benjamin W. Ladd, BVs NW 22.12.6, April 2, 1829. 
Edward Laferty, Washington county. Pa., NE 10.10.6, Jan. 1, 1810. 
Samuel Lafferty, Washington county, Pa., SW 10.10.6, Oct. 8, 1814. 
Samuel Laffarty, Harrison county, NW 10.10.6, Jan. 27, 1819. 
Jonathan Lazer, Harrison county, NW 8.11.6, May 25, 1825. 
William Laizure, Harrison county, W% SW 11.11.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
John M. Lakin, Bedford county, Pa., WYn SE 22.12.7, Feb. 20, 1827. 
Thomas Lakin, Sr., Bedford county. Pa., SW 36.11.7, March 7, 1818. 
Thomas Lakin, Jr., Bedford county. Pa., NW 36.11.7, Jan. 10, 1820. 
Thomas Lakin, Sr., Harison county, E% SW 22.12.7, Feb. 20, 1827. 
Isaac Lamasters, Harrison county, SE 11.11.5, March 20, 1813. 
John Lamb, assignee of John Williams, NW 11.10.6, Sept. 10, 1806. 
John Lamb, assignee of John Williams, SW 12.10.6, June 1, 1810. 
John Lance, Jefferson county, SW 19.11.6, Dec. 12, 1815. 
Peter John Lance, assignee of Thomas Johnson, NW 24.10.6, Dec. 14, 1812. 
Matthew Lane, Harrison county, NE SW 22.12.6, Jan. 1, 1833. 
Adam Lauver, Tuscarawas county, E1/2 NW 33.13.6, Oct. 20, 1824. 
John Lavely, assignee of Robert Laughlin, NW 29.10.5, May 25, 1825. 
John Law, Harison county, WVo SW 25.13.6, Dec, 2, 1830. 
John Law, Harrison county, Ei/i SW 25.13.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 
John Law, Harrison county, Ei-^ SE 31.13.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 
John Law, Harrison county, Ei^ NE 31.] 3.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 
Matthew Law, Harrison county, W% SE 34.11.5, July 30, 1828. 
Matthew Law, Harrison county, W^^ NE 22.12.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 
James Leeper, assignee of Henry Dillin, E% 3.11.5, Oct. 3, 1816. 


John Leeper, Harrisoh county, NW 10.12.6, May 6, 1824. 

Jacob Lemmon, Pickaway county, NW 7.12.7, May 5, 1821. 

Samuel Leonard, V/ashington county. Pa., W^^ SW 22.11.7, May 6, 1824. 

Abraham Leeport, Harrison county, EVa NW 14.12.6, Nov. 13, 1822. 

George Leporth, Jefferson county, all 18.10.5, May 8, 1806. 

George Leporth, Jefferson county, NE 14.12.6, June 8, 1812. 

Job Lewis, Belmont county, NE 28.9.5, July 12, 1811. 

William Linsley, Jefferson county, Wi/a SW 21.12.6, Sept. 10, 1823. 

Amasa Lipsey, assignee of John Cadwalader, SW 12.11.7, Dec. 15, 1812. 

George Lisator, Steubenville, assignee of Charles Wilson, SW 30.11.7, March 

7, 1818. 
William Lisle, Jefferson county, NW 8.11.5, Jan. 13, 1811. 
John Liston, Harrison county, E^^ NW 26.12.5, Dec. 2, 1830. 
Heirs of Adam Little, Allegany county, Md., EVo NW 15.13.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 
Samuel Little, assignee of Nathaniel Gillmer, SW 12.12.7, May 5, 1821. 
Abel Lloyd, Jefferson county, NE 2.11.6, July 1, 1816. 
John Loney, Jefferson county, NE 30.9.5, July 30, 1812. 
Adam Long, Westmoreland county. Pa., SW 34.11.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Charles Long, Washington county, Pa., SW 9.14.7, Sept. 10, 1834. 
Esther Long, Washington county. Pa., NW 9.13.6, March 2, 1821. 
Jacob Long, Westmoreland county, Pa., NW 36.10.6, Aug. 30, 1816. 
Jacob Long, Westmoreland county. Pa., Ei4 1.12.7, July 25, 1820. 
Jacob Long, Westmoreland county, Pa., SE 10.127, May 25, 1825. 
Jacob Long, Westmoreland county. Pa., SW 36.11.6, Feb. 20, 1827. 
Samuel Long. Harrison county, W^^ SW 12.11.5, May 12, 1S28. 
Jonathan Longshore, Greene county, Pa., SW 25.12.7, Sept. 9, 1817. 
Robert Longshore, Greene county. Pa., Ey, SW 27.12.7, Nov. 13, 1822. 
Solomon Longworth, assignee of Elisha Nelson, NW 18.11.6, Nov. 26, 1820. 
Edward Laughridge, Jefferson county, SE 12.12.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Edward Laughridge, Harrison county, E^^ SW 12.12.6, Aug. 10, 1828. 
Edward Loughridge, Jefferson county, WMi NE 17.12.6, April 2, 1829. 
James Laughridge, Harrison county, W^o NW 3.13.6, Nov. 1. 1830. 
Joseph Loughridge, Harrison county, NW 5.12.6, Dec. 10, 1839. 
Matthew Loughridge, Harrison county, W% SW 6.12.6, July 20, 1828. 
William Loughridge, Harrison county, E^^ SE 18.12.6, July 1, 1831. 
George Love, Jefferson county, SW 15.8.4, Oct. 25, 1813. 
James Lowery, assignee of Peter Crabtree, of Harison county, W'/^ SE 23.11.6, 

Nov. 13, 1822. 
John Lawrey, Cadiz, SE 17.11.6, Feb. 17, 1820. 
James Lyon, Guernsey county, BV2 NE 32.11.5, arch 21, 1832. 
John Lyons, assignee of Jacob Rymor and Aaron Morris, NE 9.12.7, May 25, 

George McAdams. Harrison county, SW 6.10.6, June 1, 1815. 
John McAdams, Washington county. Pa., NW 24.9.5, Nov. 1, 1811. 


John McBeath. Harrison county, Wir. NW 25.13.6. April 2, 1831. 

William McBeath, Harrison county, W1/3 SW 30.12.6, July 1. 1831. 

James McBride, Washington county. Pa., SW 21.9.4, July 1, 1809. 

James McBride, Washington county. Pa., NW 21.9.4, Dec. 23, 1815. 

Alexander McCall, Washington county. Pa., all 33.8.4, Jan. 26, 1809. 

William McCarroll, Harrison county, EV. SW 11.12.6, Jan. 1, 1S33. 

Joseph McClain, Westmoreland county. Pa., NE 17.11.5, June 8, 1812. 

Joseph McClean, Westmoreland county. Pa., SE 25.12.5, Jan. 15. 1814. 

Joseph McClean, Westmoreland county. Pa., S^/o 30.11.5, June 26, 1815. 

William McClean, Washington county, Pa., NE 7.13.6, Feb. 14, 1817. 

John McClery, Jefferson county, assignee of Isaac Osburn, SE 21.10.4, Jan. 15. 

John McClintock, E^o SE 30.12.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 

Kerr McClintock, assignee of Robert McClintock, SW 3.12.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 
Noble W. McClintock, Steubenville, KU SW and Wio SE 33.11.5, Aug. 10, 1825. 
John McCollum, Harrison county, W^^ NW 8.14.7, Sept. 10, 1834. 
William McCombs, Columbiana county, E14 NE 30.12.6. April 2, 1831. 
John McConkey, Harrison county, SW 10.11.5, Aug. 25, 1825. 
Alexander McConnell, Washington county, Pa., all 7.8.4, Oct. 21, 1805. 
Alexander McConnell, Belmont county, SE 12.12.7, Jan. 10, 1820- 
George McConnell, Washington county. Pa., all of 4.9.5, Dec. 20, 1805. 
James McConnell, Jefferson county, W14 NE 18.12.6, July 1, 1831. 
John McConnell, Washington county. Pa., all 5.9.5, April 20, 1804. 
John McConnell. Washington county, Pa., all 34.8.4, July 14, 1806. 
John McConnell, assignee of George Cox. SE 5.10.6, March 7, 1817. 
Robert McConnell, Belmont county, NW 11.12.7, Oct. 8, 1818. 
Francis McCord, Harrison county, SAV NW 5.12.6, Sept. 10, 1834. 
John McCorkle, SB 3.11.6. June 8, 1812. 

John McCoy, Washington county, Pa., all 1.10.5, Feb. 26, 1806. 
William McCreery, Westmoreland county. Pa., NE 24.11.5, May 10, 1811. 
Alexander McCullough, Harrison county. BV. NE 15.11.6, Sept. 1, 1823. — 
James McCullough. Harrison county, SE 17.12.7, May 25, 1825. 
Richard McCullough, Jefferson county, NW 32.11.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 
William McCullough, Guernsey county, NW 14.11.6, May 10, 1820. 
Daniel McCurdy, assignee of Richard Kinsey, SE 33.9.5, Nov. 16, 1812. 
Joseph McDannell, Tuscarawas county, SE 9.14.7, Sept. 10, 1834. 
Charles McDivit, Harrison county. SE 23.12.6, Jan. 1, 1833. 
Charles McDivit, Harrison county, NW SW 17.12.6, Nov. IS. 183^. 
George McDivit, Fayette county, Pa., NW 35.11.5, Oct. 8, 1818. 
George McDevit, Jr., assignee of George Fisher, W^^ NE 11.12.6, March 6, 1827. 
George McDevit, Harrison county, WVi NE 36.11.5, Dec. 1, 1830. 
George McDivit, Harrison county, WVj NW 11.12.6, Dec. 6, 1831. 
George McDivit, Harrison county, NE NW 11.12.6, Nov.18, 1833. 
George McDivit, Jr., Harrison county, FA/. NE 11.12.6, Dec. 2, 1832. 


John McDivit, Harrison county, W14 SE 11.12.6, April 2, 1829. 

Samuel McDivit, Tuscarawas county, EI/2 NW 17.12.6, Dec. 2, 1832. 

Alexander MacDonald, assignee of Thomas Christy, SE 30.10.5, May 30, 1826. 

Robert McDonald, Harrison county, Ei^ SW 33.12.7, Nov. 13, 1822. 

Hugh McDonough, Jefferson county, NE 4.12.6, Nov. 17,1812. 

John McDounaugh, assignee of Zenas Barton, SE 6.12.6, July 10, 1821. 

John McDanaugh, assignee of William Mimons, SW 1.13.6, May 25, 1825. 

James McDowell, Fayette county. Pa., SE 24.9.5, Feb. 18, 1806. 

John McDowell, Fayette county. Pa., NE 24.9.5, Feb. 16, 1809. 

John McDowell, Fayette county. Pa., NE 23.9.5, Jan. 1, 1811. 

John McDowell, Fayette county. Pa., NE 36.9.5, Jan. 1, 1811. 

Samuel McDowell, Jr., Fayette county. Pa., all 18.9.5, Dec. 31, 1806. 

Samuel McDowell, Jefferson county, NE 20.10.5, Jan. 1, 1811. 

James McElwee, Jefferson county, SE NE 17.12.6, Dec. 8, 1835. 

John McFadon, Washington county. Pa., all 4.10.5, May 8, 1806. 

John McFadon, Jefferson county, SE 13.10.5, July 1, 1809. 

Samuel McFadin, Jefferson county, SE 25.10.5, Oct. 7, 1812. 

Samuel McFadin, Harrison county, SW 22.10.5, June 1, 1815. 

George McGee, assignee of Asa Engle, NW 29.10.6, Jan. 10, 1820. 

Hugh McGee, Harrison county, SW 13.12.6, Jan. 21, 1819. 

Heirs of James McGinnes, dec'd, assignee of James Means, NE 13.12.5, Aug. 

3, 1818. 
James McKein, Harrison county, SW 18.12.6, Jan. 1, 1833. 
Alexander McKeown, Belmont county, NW 35.11.7, March 6, 1827. 
Richard McKibben, Harrison county, SW 11.10.6, Aug. 3, 1818. 
Alexander McKitrick and James Steward, Washington county. Pa., SW 15.11. 

5, March 20, 1813. 
Berriman Mcl-auglilin, Jefferson county, NE 19.12.7, Dec. 22, 1808. 
David McMath, Harrison county, WVo NW 26.11.6, March 6, 1827. 
Daniel McMillan, Tuscarawas county, NW 7.14.7, March 15, 1815. 
'Daniel McMillan, Tuscarawas county, NE 13.14.7, Dec. 29, 1818. 
Daniel McMillan, Tuscarawas county, By2 SW 8.14.7, May 20, 1826. 
Daniel McMillan, Tuscarawas county, Wi/o NW 13.14.7, Aug. 12, 1826. 
John McMillan, assignee of Jonathan Jessop, all 2.10.5, Aug. 24, 1807. 
Patrick McMullin, Tuscarawas county, E% NE 25.13.6, Sept. 20, 1823. 
Patrick McMillan, Tuscarawas county, WV2 NE 25.13.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Patrick McMillan, Tuscarawas county, Wi/o NW 30.12.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 
Robert McMillen, Jefferson county, NE 20.11.6, Feb. 28, 1821. 
James B. Magrew, Westmoreland county, Pa., all 13.11.4, Feb. 18, 1806. 
John Maholm, Jefferson county, NM.- 31.10.5, July 30, 1812. 
Joseph Maholm, Jefferson county, SE 28.10.5, Jan. 15, 1814. 
James Mahon, Jefferson county, SE 17.10.5, Aug. 19, 1812. 
Jacob Mambeck, Harrison county, assignee of George Brown, SW 1.12.5, July 

10, 1821. 


Benjamin Manbeck. Harrison county, WV2 SE 27.12.5, April 8. 1828. 

Robert Manley, Tuscarawas county, El^ SE 19.13.6, July 30, 1828. 

Thomas Mansfield, assignee of John Johnson, NW 25.12.6, Jan. 10, 1820. 

William Markey, Harrison county, NE 24.12.7, March 30, 1815. 

Daniel Marckley, Harrison county, E% SE 15.12.5, Sept. 20, 1823. 

Peter Markly, Washington county, Pa., assignee of John Roush, NW 29.10.4, 

Dec. 15, 1811. 
Thomas Marquis, Washington county, Pa., all 7.9.5, Nov. 15, 1807. 
Daniel Marrit, Washington county. Pa., all 31.8.4, Aug. 27, 1805. 
John N. Marsh, Jefferson county, W^^ NW 36.12.7, April 20, 1827. 
John Marshall, Jefferson county, Ei/^ SW 15.12.6, Nov. 13, 1822. 
Arthur Martin, Lancaster county. Pa., SW 24.10.5, Nov. 26, 1813. 
Joel Martin, Harrison county, NW 20.11.6, Aug. 19, 1818. 
Samuel Martin, Washington county, Pa., SE 34.11.7, Sept. 1, 1823. 
Samuel Martin, Washington county, Pa., W^/o SE 22.11.7, Sept. 10, 1823. 
William Mathers, Belmont county, E^^ SE 35.12.7, Dec. 8, 1835. 
Jonathan Maxson, assignee of the executors of James Robinyon, deceased, SW 

19.12.7, Dec. 29, 1818. 
Henry Maxwell, Harrison county, W% NW 20.11.5, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Robert Maxwell, Harrison county, SW 26.11.5, Aug. 19, 1824., 
Robert Maxwell, Harrison county, EK- NE 27.11.5, Nov. 1, 1830. 
William Maxwell, Harrison county, NW 14.11.5, Feb. 14, 1817. 
George May, Fayette county. Pa., SE 29.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 
George May, Fayette county. Pa., SW 28.12.7, Nov. 1, 1837. 
James Means, Jr., assignee of Thomas McFaddin, Harrison county, SW 26.11. 

6, Nov. 13, 1822. 
Robert Meeks, Sr., assignee of Benjamin Johnson, SW 9.11.5, Nov. 17, 1812. 
John Megaw, Westmoreland county, Pa., NE 30.11.5, Nov. 24, 1814. 
Henry Miser, assignee of John Funk, NE 31.12.5, May 15, 1811. 
Henry Meiser, Jefferson county, WV^ SE 32.12.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 
William Meldrum, Jefferson county, SE 18.12.7, Dec. 2, 1832. 
Barnabas Melone, SW 28.11.7, April 2, 1829. 
William Melton, Tuscarawas county, SE 13.12.7, Jan. SO, 1816. 
Benjamin Menyard, assignee of Stephen Ford, NW 15.11.4, Oct. 1, 1811. 
Caleb Merryman, Baltimore county, Md., all 25.10.4, Nov. 15, 1807. 
Benjamin Michener, Jefferson county, EI/2 NE 11.11.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
William Middleton, Tuscarawas county, EVo NW 9.14.7, Dec. 2, 1830. 
>A.nne Mifflin, Philadelphia, SW 29.10.6, Jan. 3, 1807. 
Asa and Eli Miller, Harrison county, NW 15.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 
David Miller, assignee of Obediah Jennings, SE 8.11.4, Oct. 7, 1812. 
David Miller, Jr., Pittsburgh, SE 2111.5, March 5, 1818. 
David Miller, Harrison count3^ EVo NE 8.12.5, Oct. 20, 1824. 
John Miller and Francis Dever, Rockingham county, Va., Trustees of colored 

persons emancipated by Ruth Davis, Wi/o NW 36.11.5, Sept. 28, 1826. 


Mason Miller, Jefferson county, NW 1.12.7, March 15, 1815. 

Heirs of Peter Miller, Somerset county. Pa., SE 8.12.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 

Alexander Milliken, Harrison county, SW 21.10.5, June 1, 1815. 

Alexander Milliken, Harrison county, NW 21.10.5, July 30, 1816. 

Jane Millegan, Adams county. Pa., SW 15.10.4, Dec. 30, 1811. 

John Milliken, assignee of Alexander Milliken, NW 34.10.5, May 9, 1818. 

William Millison, assignee of Henry Carver, SW 31.12.7, Aug. 18, 1817. 

William Milton, Washington county, Ohio (?), NE 18.11.7, Jan. 30, 1812. 

John Minart, Harrison county, NE 1.13.6, Aug. 25, 1825. 

John Minnick, Tuscarawas county, NE 9.13.6, Dec. 26, 1815. 

Matthew Mitchell, Washington county, Pa., NE 32.10.5. Sept. 10, 1806. 

James Molesworth, Jefferson county. NE 35.11.6, April 27, 1821. 

David Moody, assignee of Peter Pettinger, NW 9.11.5, June 19, 1813. 

David Moody, Harrison county, assignee of Jesse Young, SE 15.11.5, Oct. 3, 

Alexander Moore, Jefferson county, SW 25.11.5, June 10, 1811. 
Alexander Moore, Jefferson county, SW 31.10.5, March 20, 1813. 
Alexander Moore, Harrison county, NE 35.10.5, Oct. 9, 1813. 
Alexander Moore, Jr., Harrison county, SW 18.11.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Ammi Moore, Harrison county, NE 7.11.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
James Moore, Harrison county, SE 27.11.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Maurice Moore, Tuscarawas county, W^/o SW 31.13.6, May 6, 1824. 
Michael Moore, Jefferson county, NE 23.10.6, March 7, 1818. 
Michael Moore, assignee of William Harris and John Fate, NW 23.10.6, Aug. 

19, 1824. 
Robert Moore, Jefferson county, SE 13.11.6, Aug. 24, 1816. 
•Robert Moore, Harrison county, Wy2 NW 2.11.6, Feb. 20, 1827. 
William Moore, Jefferson county, NW 15.14.7, Sept. 10, 1823. 
William Moore, Harrison county, Ei/4 SE 14.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
John Morton, Jr., Jefferson county, W^^ NW 5.11.6, Nov. 13, 1822. 
Benjamin Murphy, assignee of John J. Moore and Gabriel Cain, SW 23.10.6. 

Nov. 2, 1829. 
Samuel Myers, Tuscarawas county, W1/2 NW 18.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 
John Nace, Baltimore county, Md., NE 28.11.7, Dec. 26, 1815. 
Abraham Naffsker, all 32.11.4, July 23, 1806. 

Jacob Naffster, Harrison county, Ei/o NW 12.10.4, April 8, 1828. 
John Nauftzger, SE 31.12.5, May 3, 1814. 
William Neel Belmont county, NW 9.12.7. May 25, 1825. 
Elisha Nelson, EVo SE 21.12.6. April 5, 1822. 
William Nelson, Harrison county, NW 9.12.6, Aug. 10. 1827. 
Isaac and Thomas Nevett, assignees of James W. Right, Jr., NW 10.12.7, May 

25, 1825. 
William Nichols, Steubenville, assignee of Alexander Holmes, NE 8.11.4, Oct. 

25, 1813. 


William Nichels, Belmont county, Ei4 SE 22.10.6, April 30, 1822. 

Samuel Nickle, Harrison county, assignee of William Nickle, BVa NE 22.11.7, 

March 21, 1832. 
Thomas Nickle, Guernsey county, E^o NW 22.11.7, Oct. 10, 1831. 
John Nichodemus, Frederick county, Md., assignee of Thomas McCausten, all 

2.10.4, May 21, 1805. 
John Nixon, assignee of Joseph McDannal, SE 17.11.5, Nov. 1, 1818. 
Joseph Norrick, Harrison county, W% SE 19.13.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Charles Norris, Frederick county, Md., Wi/o NW 33.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 
James Brown Norris, Harrison county, E% NW 22.12.7. Aug. 10, 1827. 
Jeremiah Norris, Harrison county, SW SB 28.12.7, April 1. 1837. 
Sarah Norris, Greene county, Pa.. EVo NW 29.12.7, April 2, 1829. 
Samuel Oatley, Washington county. Pa., E14 NW 26.11.6, May 25, 1825. 
Thomas Ogden, Frederick county, EV2 NW 36.12.7, April 2, 1829. 
'- — William Oglevee, Harrison county, NW 17.11.7, Oct. 10, 1831. 
John Oldshoe, of Fayette county. Pa., all 28.9.4, June 3, 1806. 
Joseph O'Neal, Bedford county. Pa., SE 23.10.6, Feb. 14, 1817. 
John O'Rourke, assignee of Peter Marckley, SE 3.12.5, Jan. 27, 1819. 
Hugh Orr, Westmoreland county. Pa., NW 24.11.5, Jan. 1, 1812. 
John Orr, Jr., Harrison county, E14 NW 24.11.6, April 17, 1828. 
William Orr, assignee of John Williams, NE 28.10.4, July 30, 1812. 
William Orr, Harrison county, Wy^ NW 24.11.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Isaac Osburn, Jefferson county, NE 10.11.5, March 20, 1809. 
Daniel Palmer, Chester county, Pa., SW 11.11.7, Nov. 13, 1822. 
James Palmer, Tuscarawas county, Wi^ SE 14.14.7, Oct. 10, 1831. 
John Palmer, Harrison county, EVo SE 29.11.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 
Lerick Palmer, Harrison county, NE 26.12.7, Sept. 19, 1817. 
James Parkenson, assignee of Nathaniel Wells, NE 17.11.6, Dec. 12, 1822. 
John Parker, Harrison county, Wy, NE 17.12.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 
David Parks, Belmont county, SW 35.10.6, Nov. 18, 1833. 
David Parks, Belmont county, NW SW 35.10.6, Sept. 10, 1834. 
Robert Parks, Jefferson county, SE 3.12.7, May 23, 1810. 
Robert Parks, Harrison county, E1/2 SW 3.12.7, Aug. 12, 1826. 
Nathaniel Parramour, Jefferson county, SW 19.10.5. Jan. 13, 1811. 
Mordecai Parrish, Jr., assignee of John Johnson, SE 1.14.7, Oct. 3, 1816. 
Joseph Patten, Jr., assignee of Henderson and Mills, NW 13.12.5, Aug. 18, 1S17. 
Andrew Patterson, Washington county. Pa., all 2.8.4, Dec. 16, 1806. 
Arthur Patterson, Allegheny county. Pa., NE 26.11.5, Feb. 17, 1820. 
Samuel Patterson, Harrison county, E1/2 SW 31.13.6, Dec. 10, 1827. 
William Patterson, Harrison county. EV2 NW 1.14.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Jane Pattison, assignee of Farrington Barricklow, SW 35 9.5, June 5, 1816. 
Thomas Patton, assignee of David Moody, SW 28.10.4, July 5, 1816. 
John Paxton, Belmont county, NE 14.10.5, Aug. 20, 1806. 
Eli Peacock, Harrison county, W1/2 SW 14.11.6, Dec. 10, 1827. 


Thomas Peairs, assignee of Joseph Cook, NE 13.11.6, Aug. 18, 1817. 

Hugh Peasley, Harrison county, NE 10.11.7, Dec. 12, 1815. 

Samuel Peoples, Harrison county, SW 9.12.5, Aug. 10, 1827. 

Jonathan Perrin, Harrison county, NE 19.11.6. March 16, 1815. 

John Perry, Jefferson county, SW 34.10.5, July 30, 1813. 

Thomas Perry, assignee of Levi Engle, Sr., SE 12.10.6, Feb. 1, 1815. 

Leroy Petty, Harrison county, EU NW 15,12.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 

Rodern Petty, Harrison county, Ei/> NW 11.11.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

George Pfautz, Cumberland county. Pa., all 14.11.4, Oct. 26, 1805. 

George Pfautz, Cumberland county. Pa., all 19.11.4, Oct. 26, 1805. 

George Pfautz, Cumberland county, Pa., all 33.11.4, Dec. 1, 1807. 

Jacob Pfautz, Harrison county, WU SW 13.13.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

John Pfautz, Harrison county, Wy2 NE 23.12.6, April 2, 1829. 

Jonathan Pfauts, Ki^rrison county, E^^ NE 23.12.6, May 22, 1827. 

Michael Pfoutz, Harrison county, Eir. SW 13.13.6, Oct. 20, 1824. 

Michael Pfoutz, Tuscarawas county, EVo SW 20.13.6, July 1, 1831. 

Joseph Phillips, Jefferson county, W^^ NW 21.12.7, April 2, 1829. 

Richard Phillips, Jefferson county, SW 21.12.7, June 1, 1S15. 

Richard Phillips, Harrison county, SW 20.12.7, Oct. 3, 1816. 

Richard Phillips, Harrison county, NE 33.12.7, May 24, 1817. 

Richard Phillips, Harrison county, E14 NW 21.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 

William Philips and William Grist, assignees of Benjamin Stanton, SW 9.11.6y. 

Dec. 1, 1809. 
Alexander Picken, Harrison county, W/o SE 35.11.5, April 1, 1837. 
Matthew Picken, Harrison county, assignee of James Boyd, SW 35.11.5, May 

12, 1815. 
Matthew Picken, assignee of Michael Pfoutz, SW 7.13.6, April 10, 1827. 
Matthew Picken, Harrison county, Ei/. NW 34.11.5, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Matthew Picken, Harrison county, EV2 SE 35.11.5, July 1, 1831. 
Matthew Picken, Harrison county. Wi/L> NW 34.11.5, Dec. 2, 1832, 
Ecos Pickering, Belmont county, NE 25.9.5, Nov. 2. 1829. 
iHiram Pickering, Harrison county, NW SE 5.11.7, Sept. 10, 1834. 
John Pickering, Belmont county, SW 26.9.5, Dec. 3, 1808. 
Jonathan Pickering, Belmont county, EVo SE 11.12.7, June 23, 1826. 
Jonas Pickering, Belmont county, all 20.9.5, July 20, 1808. 
John Piggott, assignee of Joel Gilbert, NW 26.9.5, Aug.3, 1810. 
^\braham Pittinger, assignee of John Roush, NE 11.11.5, Oct. 9, 1813. 
Robert Pittis, Tuscarawas county, E'/o NE 32.12.6, March 6, 1827. 
Elias Polen. Harrison county, SE NE 14.14.7, Sept. 10, 1834. 
Nathaniel Poler, Jefferson county, SE 12.10.4, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Nathaniel Polen, Harrison county, Wi/o SW 12.10.4. Aug. 10, 1827. 
John Pollock, Fayette county. Pa., SE 15.10.4, March 6, 1814. 
John Pollock, Jefferson county, SE 10.11.5, March 18, 1814. 
John Pollock, Jr., Harrison county, NW 15.10.4, Dec. 19, 1814. 


Charles Porter, assignee of Thomas Hazlet, SE 27.11.5, Jan. 23, 1813. 

Charles Porter, Steubenville, SW 25.12.5, Jan. 15, 1814. 

Charles Porter, Steubenville, NW 6.12.6, Jan. 21, 1819. 

Charles Porter, Steubenville, SW 36.11.5, Jan. 21, 1819. 

Samuel Porter, assignee of Samuel Holmes, all 8.10.5, Aug 27, 1807. 

John Poulson, devisee of James Poulson, SE 36.10.5, July 5, 1816. 

John Poulson, Frederick county, Md., WI/2 NW 15.11.6, Sept. 1, 1823. 

John Poulson, Frederick county, Md., WVa NE 15.11.6, Sept. 1, 1823. 

Nelson Poulson, Harrison countjr, EVa NW 15.11.6, June 23, 1827. 

John Prather, Harrison county, W1/2 SE 14.12.6, Sept. 10, 1823. 

John Prather, assignee of Robert Carson, Harrison county, NE 13.12.6, Aug. 

19, 1824. 
Charles Prather, Brooke county, Va., all 8.12.6, Feb. 2, 1804. 
Charles Prather, Brooke county, Va., SW 9.12.6, May 8, 1806. 
Anthony Pricker (Bricker?), assignee of Peter Kail, all 24.10.4, July 1, 1807. 
Samuel Primes, Jefferson county, all 12.8.4, Nov. 3, 1806. 
Provines, see also Purviance. 

Matthew Provines, Washington county. Pa., SW 14.12.6, Jan. 20, 1817. 
John Pugh, Chester county, Pa., NE 3.11.6, March 10, 1807. 
John Pugh, Chester county, Pa., NE 9.11.6, March 10, 1807. 
John Pugh, Chester county. Pa., SB 10.11.6, March 10, 1807. 
John Pugh, Frederick county, Va., NW 33.11.6, Dec. 1, 1807. 
John Pugh, Chester county, Pa., NE 10.11.6, June 1, 1810. 
John Pugh, Jefferson county, SW 2.11.6, Jan. 10, 1811. 
John Pugh, Frederick county, Va., SW 33.11.6, Aug. 19, 1812. 
Thomas Pugh, assignee of Benjamin Tappan and John C. Wright, of Steuben- 

ille, SW 4.11.6, Nov. 13, 1820. 
William Pugh, Harrison county, SE 9.11.6, Nov. 21, 1820. 
Caleb Pumphrey, Jefferson county, all 17.9.5, Oct. 19, 1808. 
John Pumphrey, Harrison county, EVo SW 34.10.6. May 30, 1826. 
Joseph Pumphrey, Jefferson county, all 13.10.4, July 18, 1806. 
Joseph Pumphrey, assignee of Thomas McMillan, Jefferson county, W^^ SE 

33.12.7, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Reason Pumphrey, Brooke county, Va., Wi^ NW 33.12.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 
Reason Pumphrey, Brooke county, Va., EV2 NE and WV2 SE 13.14.7, Dec. 10, 

Reason Pumphrey, Tuscarcwas county, E^^ NW 33.12.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 
Reason Pumphrey, Tuscarawas county, Wi^ SE 33.12.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 
William Pumphrey, Brooke county, Va., all 4.9.4, Oct. 1, 1806. 
Purviance, see also Provines. 

Thomas Purviance, Jefferson county, W'/o SE 28.11.7, Nov. 13, 1822. 
Harlan Pyle, Washington county. Pa., NE 35.10.6, July 5, 1816. 
Adam Quillan, Jefferson county, NE 31.12.7, March 7, 1818. 
lElihu Quillan, Harrison county, WVo SE 32.12.7. Dec. 10, 1827. 


Joshua Quillin, Jeffersou county, SE 25.12.7, May 12, 1815. 

William Ramage, Belmont county, all 4.10.6, March 21, 1808. 

Obadiah Ramsbottom, Harrison county, Ei/o SE 21.12.5, Sept. 25, 1823. 

John Ramsower, assignee of John Barr, Harrison county, W^ NB 8.12.5, Nov. 

13, 1822. 
James Rankin, Jefferson county, NW 30.9.5, Oct. 10, 1815. 
Robert Rankin, assignee of John Gibson, of Pennsylvania, SE 15.10.5, March 

7, 1818. 
Ihomas Rankin, Jefferson county, all 30.9.4, Feb. 10, 1807. 
Thomas Rankin, assignee of Abraham Pittinger, SE 31.10.5, Aug. 10, 1813. 
William Rankin, Harrison county, SE 35.11.7, Nov. 26, 1819. 
John Rea, assignee of Eli Chandler, Fayette county. Pa., SW 30.10.6, Aug, 19, 

Frederick Reed, Belmont county, all 30.10.4, Feb. 10, 1807. 
John Reed, Jefferson county, NE 29.9.5, June 8, 1812. 
John Reeves, Harrison county, SE 7.12.7, March 20, 1813. 
Jacob Reigal, Harrison county, E1/2 NW 29.12.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 
Caleb Reynolds, Jefferson county, Wi/^ SE 5.12.6, April 22, 1819. 
John Richardson, Chester county. Pa., NE 8.11.6, July 30, 1813. 
Philip J. Richardson, assignee of William Grigory, NW 32.10.5, July 8, 1818. 
Andrew Ritchey, Jr., Washington county, Pa., all 28.8.4, Sept. 15, 1806. 
Jacob Ritchie, Jr., Washington county. Pa., NE 9.11.5, May 24, 1817. 
Thomas Ritchey, Harrison county, NE 15.10.5, March 7, 1817. 
John Riddle, Allegheny county, Pa., SW 23.10.4, July 30, 1812. 
Richard Ridgway, all 11.8.4, Nov. 3, 1803. 
Richard Ridgway, all 4.8.4, Nov.3, 1803. 

Timothy Ridgeway, Greene county, Pa., SW 2.12.7, Nov. 6, 1815. 
John Riley, Jefferson county, SW 27.11.6, Jan. 20, 1812. 
John Riley, Harrison county, SE 36.12.7, July 5, 1819. 
Moses Riley, Harrison county, E% SW 36.12.7, Aug. 12, 1826. 
Daniel Rineker, assignee of John Brown, SE 9.12.5, Sept. 1, 1819. 
John Ripley, Belmont county, NE 36.11.7, March 30, 1815. 
John Ripley, Harrison county, SE 36.11.7, April 27, 1821. 
James Roberts, Fayette county. Pa., all 13.9.4, Sept. 10, 1806. 
Aaron Robinson, Harrison county, E% NW 5.11.6, April 2, 1829. 
Job Robinson, Harrison county, E14 NW 36.11.6, April 2, 1829. 
William Robinson, Harrison county, \YV2 SW 27.11.5, Jan. 1, 1833. 
Joseph Roby, Jefferson county, Wl^ NW 1.14.7, Dec. 2, 1832. 
Leonard Roby, Tuscarawas county, BV2 SE 7.14.7, Dec. 2, 1832. 
William Roby, Harrison county. EI/2 SW 35.12.6, Dec. 2, 1832. 
Hugh Rogers, Washington county, Pa., all 19.9.4, May 20, 1S06. 
Joseph Rogers, Harrison county, NW 4.11.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 
William Rogers, assignee of Thomas Rogers, NW 28.10.5. June 10, 1811. 
William Rogers, Jefferson county, SE 34.10.5, June 10, 1811. 


John Roland, assignee of James H. Ball, SE 12.11.6, May 9, 1818. 

Moses Romans, Chester county. Pa., SE 10.11.7, Aug. 3, 1818. 

Robert Rose, Harrison county, Wi-^ SE 28. 11.6, Oct. 24, 1826. 

Adam Ross, York county, Pa., SE 24.10.5, June 8, 1812. 

William Ross, Harrison county, SE 22.11.5, July 10, 1817. 

William Ross, Harrison county, E% NE 21.11.5, Oct. 20, 1824. 

Elizal)eth Roush, Harrison county, NW 6.11.5, March 28, 1820. 

John Roush, Jefferson county, SE 12.11.5, April 20, 1812. 

Hugh and Thomas Rowland, Allegheny county. Pa., SV2 15.11.6, July 29, 1819. 

Edward Rubey, Jefferson county, SE 7.11.6, Dec. 26. 1815. 

John Rubey, Jr., Allegany countj', Md., SE 2.11.6, Feb. 17, 1820. 

John Rule, Harrison county, Wi/o NW 35.12.6, Oct. 2, 1821. 

Alexander Russell, Belmont county, Ei/o SW 21.11.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 

Ann Russell, Tuscarawas county, WI/2 NW 14.14.7, Dec. 2, 1830. 

Patrick Russell, Allegheny county. Pa., SE 34.11.6, May 25, 1825. 

Daniel Rutan, Harrison county, E% NE 21.12.5, Dec. 2, 1830. 

John Rymmerfield, Harrison county, NE SW 17.11.7, Dec. 10, 1839. 

Jacob Sadler, Washington county, Pa., all 2G.11.4, July 14, 1806. 

John Sampson, Harrison county, SE 22.12.6, Dec. 10, 1827. 

Jonathan Sayes, Jefferson county, assignee of William James, NE 27.11.6, May 

10, 1811. 
Jacob Schunck, .Jefferson county, NW 14.12.5, Nov. 6, 1815. 
Matthias Schilds, Greene county, Pa., SW 33.13.6, June 4, 1814. 
George Schultz, Loudoun county, Va., NW 8.11.4, May 23, 1810. 
Charles Scott, Jefferson county, WV2 NE 32.12.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 
John Scott, Harrison county, WVa NW 32.12.6, July 1, 1831. 
Thomas Scott, Washington county. Pa., EI/2 SW 15.14.7, April 2, 1829. 
Thomas Scott, Washington county. Pa., Ei^.NE 15.14.7, April 2, 1829. 
William Scott, Harrison county, NW 7.11.5, March 7, 1817. 
Enoch Sears, Tuscarawas county, EiA NW 28.12.7, Oct. 24, 1826. 
Adam Seebert, Frederick county, Va., all 9.8.4, Dec. 28, 1807. 
Nicholas Selbey, assignee of Caleb Selby, NW 35.10.5, June 20, 1820. 
John Senter, Westmoreland county. Pa., NW 35.10.6, March 2, 1821. 
Edward Settle, Jr., Culpepper county, Va., NW 7.12.6, March 6, 1829. 
Elijah Seward and Stephen Miller, Harrison county, Ei/4 SW 5.11.7, Nov. 1, 

Elijah Seward, Harrison county, SW SB 5.11.7, Sept. 10, 1834. 
Andrew Sewell, Jefferson county, Wi^ NE 30.12.7, Aug. 10, 1827. 
Andrew Sewell, Tuscarawas county, EVa NE 30.12.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 
George Shambach, Harrison county, NW 7.12.5, July 10. 1817. 
Joseph Sharpe, Washington county. Pa., all 32.8.4, Feb. 18, 1806. 
Thomas Sharp, Washington county. Pa., all 9.9.5, May 8, 1806. 
Joseph Shearer, assignee of William D. Mefendish, NE 9.12.5, March 28, 1820. 
John Shepherd, assignee of Jeremiah Burran, all 10.9.4, Dec. 20, 1807. 


Nathan Shepherd, Brooke county, Va., all 35. S. 4, Aug. 15, 1807. 

Nathan Shepherd, Jefferson county, NW 21.8.4, Nov. 16, 1812. 

Nathan Shepherd, Jefferson county, SE 22.8.4, Dec. 12, 1S12. 

Nathan Shepherd, Jefferson county, NE 21.8.4, Oct. 25, 1813. 

Heirs of Ezekiel Shimer, dec'd, NE 6.11.6, May 25, 1825. 

Jacob Shipler, Westmoreland county, Pa., all 14.10.4, April 7, 1806. 

William Shipton, Harrison county, Ey^ NE 20.11.5, April 8, 1828. 

Benjamin Shreeve, assignee of Charles Wilson, SW 32.11.5, May 25, 1825. 

Hugh Shotwell, Fayette county, Pa., NE 14.12.7, July 2, 1814. 

Hugh Shotwell, Fayette county, NE 8.12.7, July 5, 1816. 

Hugh Shotwell, Fayette county, Pa., SE 9.12.7, July 5, 1816. 

Hugh Shotwell, Harrison county, NW 27.10.5, July 10, 1817. • 

Hugh Shotwell, Harrison county, Ei/. SE 15.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 

John Shotwell, Fayette county. Pa., SE 21.12.7, July 2, 1814. 

John Shotwell, Fayette countj% Wy. SW 15.12.7. Sept. 1, 1823. 

Alexander Simpson, Harrison county, W^/[, NE 10.12.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 

Alexander Simpson, Harrison county, NE 17.12.6, Jan. 1, 1833. 

John Simpson, Harrison county, SE 10.12.6, Jan. 21, 1819. 

Matthew Simpson, Harrison county. NW 29.11.5, Jan. 10, 1820. 

Robert Simpson, Harrison county, W^^ NW 36.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Robert Simpson, Harrison county, W^/o NE 9.12.6. Dec. 2, 1830. 

Robert Simpson, Harrison county. Eij SE 15.12.6, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Joseph Sims, assignee of David Mathews, NW 25.11.5, Sept. 10, 1831. 

Ihompson Sinclair, Belmont county, WVj NW 4.12.7, Nov. 12, 1832. 

Joseph James Slemmons, assignee of William Glumer, NW 34.10.6, May 5. 1821. 

Alexander Smith and Frederick Schilds, Greene county. Pa., NE 26.13.6, March 

6, 1818. 
Alexander Smith, Harrison county, E^. SE 32.12.7, Nov. 13, 1822. 
Andrew Smith, Jefferson county, NE 8.11.5, June 6, 1814. 
Daniel Smith, Huntingdon county. Pa., SE 3.12.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Daniel Smith, Harrison county, WV2 SW 15.12.6, April 20, 1825. 
Daniel Sm.ith, Huntingdon county. Pa., NE 2.12.6, May 25. 1825. 
Daniel Smith, Harrison county, Ey. SW 13.14.7, Dec. 10, 1827. 
Ely Smith, Harrison county, EVo NE 11.12.7, Jan. 30, 1827. 
George Smith, Guernsey county, SW 10.11.7, Aug. 19, 1824. 
George Smith, Harrison county, W^^ NE 27.12.5, Nov. 1, 1830. 
•James Smith, Harrison county, Wi/i- NE 11.12.7, April 5, 1822. 
John Smith, Jefferson county, SW 18.11. 7, Nov. 1, 1818. 
John Smith, assignee of Thomas Scoles, SE 24.11.6, March 6, 1827. 
Peter Smith, Somerset county. Pa., NW 2.13.6. Oct. 7, 1812. 
Peter Smith, assignee of David Moody, NE 8.13.6, July 30, 1816. 
Peter Smith, Harrison county, NE 21.13.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 
Robert Smith, Harrison county, WVo NW 15.13.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Robert Smith, WV2 NE 30.12.6, Dec. 6, 1831. 


Samuel Smith, Harrison county, NW 2.12.6, Jan. 27, 1819. 

William Smith, Brooke county, Va., Wi/^ 22.8.4, July 30, 1812, 

William Smith, Jefferson county, NW 3.12.7, Nov. 17, 1812. 

William Smith, Pittsburg, Pa., Ei/o SE 12.10.4, Nov. 1, 1830. 

William Smith, Harrison county, E% SW 17.12.6, March 21, 1832. 

Jacob Smyer, Adams county. Pa., SW 6.10.4, June 1, 1810. 

Garret Snedeker, Brooke county, Va., all 1.9.5, Sept. 10, 1806. 

David Snyder, Washington county. Pa., NE SE 8.14.7, Dec. 8, 1835. 

John Snider, Harrison county, SE 13.13.6, Sept. 1, 1819. 

John Snider, Harrison county, WM> NW 18.12.6, July 1, 1831. 

Lawrence Snyder, Harrison county, SE 1.12.5, Nov. 13, 1822. 

Samuel Snyder,' Harrison county, W% NE 24.12.6, Jan. 30, 1827. 

Samuel Snyder, Harrison county, W14 NW 29.12.6, April 8, 1828. 

Christian Spiker, Jefferson county, NW 20.12.6, Jan. 15, 1814. 

Isaac Spiker, assignee of William Bush, NE 24.11.6, Dec. 29, 1818. 

Isaac Spiker, assignee of Jacob Vasbenner, SW 2.12.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 

Isaac Spiker, Harrison county, Ky, NW 23.12.6, Dec. 2, 1832. 

Henry Spiker, Allegheny county. Pa., NE 26.12.6, May 29, 1818. 

f rederick Spring, assignee of John Rowland, NE 29.10.6, March 7, 1818. 

John Springer, Harrison county, Wi^ SW 35.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 

Joseph Sprott, Fayette county, Pa., all 2.11.4, Oct. 1, 1806. 

Hugh Sproul, Washington county, Pa., NE 36.10.6, Aug. 18, 1817. 

Hugh Sproul, Washington county. Pa., NW 31.11.6, July 25, 1820. 

John Sproul, Washington county, Pa., SE 25.11.6, July 16, 1819. 

John Sprowl, Harrison county, W% NW 12.12.6, Dec. 1, 1830. 

William Sproul, Harrison county, E% NW 36.11.5, July 1, 1831. 

Elijah Staats, Fayette county. Pa., NW 4.11.7, Dec. 29, 1818. 

Benjamin Stanton, all 9.9.4, Nov. 3, 1803. 

Benjamin Stanton, Jefferson county, all 5.8.4, April 5, 1806. 

John Stapler, Bucks county, Pa., all 5.9.4, May 20, 1806. 

David Starling, Tuscarawas county, Ei/o SW 1.14.7, Dec. 2, 1830. 

Jacob Stees, Jefferson county, SW 15.11.4, Dec. 12, 1812. 

Bezaleel Steel, Jefferson county, SW 26.12.7, June 26, 1820. 

Robert Steel, Jefferson county, NE 6.10.6, Jan. 30, 1816. 

Joseph Steer, Jefferson county, SE 27.10.5, Oct. 23, 1805. 

Joseph Steer, assignee of John Lemasters, SE 33.11.6, Nov. 15, 1810. 

Henry Stevens, assignee of Rimrod (Nimrod) Ferguson, SE 6.11.7, July 20, 

Archibald Stewart, assignee of William Griffith, assignee of James Harman, 

assignee of Joseph Whitney, NE 6.12.7, Nov. 2, 1829. 
Galbreath Stewart, Middletown, Pa., all 12.9.4, Dec. 20, 1805. 
Galbreath Stewart, Washington county, Pa., all 17.9.4. Dec. 20, 1805. 
James Stewart, assignee of John Pugh, SW 27.10.5, April 20, 1812. 
James Stewart and Rowet Kerr, Harrison county, NE 34.11.7, May 24, 1817. 


John Stockdale, Jr., Guernsey county, EVo NE 31.11.7, June 12, 1828. 

Matthias Stohl, Jefferson county, all 20.11.4, May 8, 1806. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, WV. SW 29.12.7, April 20, 1827. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, Ei/o NW 35.12.7, June 23, 1827. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, Wy^ SW 3-5.12.7, Aug. 10, 1827, 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, Ei/o SW 5.12.7. Oct. 10, 1831. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, Ei/o SE 34.12.7, Oct. 10, 1831. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, W'l/o SW 22.12.7, Oct. 10, 1831. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, WVo NW 28.12.7, Oct. 10, 1831. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, EU SW 14.14.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, Bi/o 7.14.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, Wi/o SE and E1/2 SE 30.11.7. Dec. 6, 1831. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, E1/2 NW 4.12.7. March 21, 1832. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, WVo NW 22.12.7, Nov. 12, 1832. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, Ei/o SW 33.12.6, Nov. 12, 1832. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, WV2 NE 34.12.7, Nov. 17, 1833. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, FA/2 NE 22.12.7, Sept. 10, 1834. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, WVo SW 8.14.7, Sept. 10, 1834. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, Wy^ SE 14.14.7, April 1, 1837. 

Samuel Stokely, Steubenville, Eyo SE 15.14.7, April 1, 1837. 

William Stringer, assignee of Joseph Scott, NW 3.12.6, Jan. 21, 1819. 

Hugh Strong, Jefferson county, SW 4.12.7. Jan. 27, 1819. 

John Christian Stroub, York county. Pa., WU NE 8.14.7, Aug. 12, 1826. 

Jacob Styers, Jefferson county, NE 22.8.4, Dec. 12, 1812. 

John Sullivan, assignee of Basil Moreland, BV2 SW 7.12.6, Aug. 10, 1827. 

John Swim, Jefferson county, SW 28.10.6, Jan. 21, 1819. 

Magdalene Swinehart, Washington county. Pa.. SE 3.13.6, March 2, 1821. 

James Tarbert, assignee of Edward Rubee, NW 7.11.6, Sept. 19, 1817. 

Alexander Tayler, Harrison county, EU NE 9.12.6, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Jonathan Taylor, Jefferson county, NE 15.9.4, March 20, 1813. 

Hugh Tease, Jefferson county, all 7.10.4, Feb. 26, 1806. 

John Tennar, Baltimore county, Md., SE 29.12.6, July 5, 1819. 

iTsaac Thomas, Jefferson county, SE 21.9.4, April 10, 1812. 

Ann Thompson, Harrison county, EI/2 SE 11.12.6, Dec. 2, 1832. 

Eradway Thompson, Washington county. Pa., all 18.8.4, Feb. 2, 1804. 

John Thompson, Harrison county, Ei4 NE 10.12.6, Sept. 15, 1823. 

Thomas Thompson, assignee of Caleb Reynolds, NW 25.12.7, Jan. 21, 1819. 

Andrew Thomson. Washington county, Pa., assignee of George Bohrer, NE 

12.10.6, Aug. 9, 1815. 
William Thorn and Thomas Thorn, trustees of heirs of Isaac Thorn, dec'd, all 

14.9.4, April 3, 1806. 
William Tingley, Harrison county, Eyo SE 23.11.6, March 10, 1825. 
William Tingley, Cadiz, Ei^ SE 30.11.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 
Aquila Tipton, Jefferson county, NE 19.12.6, Feb. 1, 1815. 


Samuel Tipton, Harrison county, NW 13.12.6, March 6, 1827. 

Samuel Tipton, Harrison county, WVi; SB 20.12.6, Nov. 1, 1837. 

Sylvester Tipton, Harrison county, Ei/l. SE 18.10.4. Sept. 20, 1823. 

Rachel Titus, assignee of William R. Dickinson, SE 1.11.6. Aug. 19, 1812. 

Rachel Titus, Harrison county, EV2 SE 28.11.6, Dec. 6, 1831. 

William Todd, Washington county, Pa., assignee of Thomas Peairs, NE 14. 

11.6, Aug. 19, 1818. 
Thomas Thomlinson, Harrison county, WI/2 NW 26.12.5, Oct. 10, 1831. 
Elizabeth Toole, Sr., assignee of Levi Cecil, NW 20.10.5, Aug. 3, 1810. 
Roger Toothaker, Jefferson county, SE 19.10.5, Jan. 1, 1811. 
Matthew Torrence, Allegheny county. Pa., NW 33.12.5, March 7, 1818. 
Eli Towne, Jr., Washington county, Pa., SE 31.12.7, May 3, 1814. 
Joseph Tripp, Washington county, Pa., Ei/o SW 22.11.7, Sept. 1, 1823. 
William Turne r^Tuscarawas county, Ei/o NE 27.12.7, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Joh'n'Turnpaugh, Jefferson county, SW 32.10.5, July 30, 1812. 
Robert Twigg, Harrison county, NE 36.12.7. March 7, 1818. 
Thomas Underhill, Harrison county, E1/2 SE 35.12.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 
Thomas Underhill, Harrison county, WK' SE 35.12.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 
Nathan Updegraff, Jefferson county, all 26.9.4, Oct. 10, 1806. 
George Venamon, Washington county. Pa., NE 3.12.6, June 20, 1809. 
George Vaneman, Washington county, Pa., SW 13.11.5, April 21, 1810. 
George Vaneman, Washington county, Pa., NW 33.11.5, April 21. 1810. 
Joseph Vanlaw, Burlington county, N. J., assignee of Samuel Haines, all 17. 

8.4, March 18, 1805. 
Isaac Vanordstrand, assignee of Peter Vanordstrand, SW 31.12.5, Jan. 27, 1819. 
William Vaughan, Tuscarawas county, SW 14.12.5, March 7, 1818. 
Jonathan Veasy, assignee of Joshua Buckingham, WV:i SW 24.11.6, Aug. 10, 

John Vickers, Jefferson county, BV2 NW 26.12.6, Sept. 10, 1823. 
John Vickers, Jefferson county, W^:. NW 26.12.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 
Archibald Virtue, assignee of Dory Beall, EI/2 SW 5.12.6, April 27. 1821. 
Archibald Virtue, Harrison county, WVo SW 5.12.6, March 2, 1831. 
John Wagers, Harrison county, EV^ SW 23.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830, 
Richard Wagers, Harison county, W% SW 23.12.6, Nov. 1, 1830. 
Joseph Wagstaff, Harrison county, W% NE 21.11.5, April 2, 1829. 
William Wagstaff, Allegheny county. Pa., SE 14.11.5, June 1, 1815. 
James Walker, Washington county, FAA NW 2.11.6, Nov. 13, 1822. 
James Walker, Harrison county, WV2 NE 32.11.5, April 2, 1829. 
John Walker, assignee of James Rieves, SW 35.11.7, Aug. 10, 1827. 
Robert Walker, Harrison county, NW 17.11.6, April 10, 1827. 
David Wallace, assignee of Samuel Grimes, all 8.8.4, Dec. 30, 1807. 
David and Agnes Wallace, Belmont county, NE 15.8.4, Jan. 15, 1814. 
William Wallace, Brooke county, Va., NE 11.10.4, Feb. 10, 1809. 
Henry Walters, Harford county, Md., SE 35.10.5, Dec. 12, 1815. 


Abraham "Warner, assignee of Michael Lawber, SE 3.14.7, May 25, 1825. 

Abraham "Warner, Tuscarawas county, NW 32.13.6, Nov. 2, 1829. 

John Warnei-, Tuecarawas county, W1/2 SE 2.14.7, Dec. 2, 1832. 

William Wartembe, Brooke county, Va., all 33.10.4, July 1, 1807. 

William Watkins, NE SE 9.14.7, Jan. 1, 1833. 

Matthew Watson, Columbiana county, E% SW 19.13.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 

William Watt, Washington county, Pa., all 10.10.4, July 14, 1806. 

William Watt, assignee of Joseph Patterson, NE 15.10.4, Jan. 30, 1816. 

Allen Watters, Harrison county, E% NW 24.12.6, Dec. 2, 1830. 

Heirs of Henry Waters, dec'd, Harrison county, NE 34.10.5, Aug. 10, 1827. 

William Waters, Harford county, Md., SW 3.11.6, May 20, 1317. 

John B. Way, Columbiana county, W% NE 12.20.7, Aug. 10, 1827. 

Jacob Webb, Fayette county. Pa., all 6.9.5, Feb. 18, 1808. 

Heirs of John Webster, Harrison county, EI/2 SW 12.11.5, Aug. 19, 1824. 

Welch, see also Welsh. 

Paniel Welch, Washington county. Pa., all 1.10.4, March 10, 1807. 

Daniel Welch, Washington county, Pa., all 6.9.4, March 10, 1807. 

Henry Welday, Jefferson county, SE 7.13.6, Aug. 19, 1824. 

David Welling, Harrison county, SW 23.9.5, Aug. 18, 1817. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, all 20.9.4, March 6, 1806. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, all 36. 9.4, March 6, 1806. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, all 31.10.4, April 5, 1806. 

Bezaleel Wells, assignee of Thomas Holmes, all 19.10.4, June 6, 1806. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, all 1.11.5, Aug. 20, 1808. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, SW 32.10.4, Aug. 10, 1811. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, SW 2.11.5, July 30, 1812. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, NE 7.11.5, July 30, 1812. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, SE 7.11.5, July 30, 1812. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, SE 2.11.5, July 30, 1812. 

Bezaleel Wells, assignee of Zaccheus Beatty, all 34.10.4, July 30, 1812. 

Bezaleel Wells, assignee of Zaccheus A. BeattJ^ SW 8.11.5, Sept. 7, 1812. 

Bezaleel Wells, assignee of Zaccheus A. Beatty, SE 8.11.5, Sept. 7, 1812. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, SE 32.10.4, Sept. 7, 1812. 

Bezaleel Wells, Steubenville, NW 5.11.5, Aug. 6, 1813. 

Charles D. Wells, Harrison county, SW 35.10.5, Oct. 9, 1813. 

Jsaiah Wells, Harrison county, SW 24.12.7, March 16, 1815. 

Welsh, see also Welch. 

John Welsh, Washington county, Pa., NW 21.11.5, April 5, 1822. 

Samuel Welsh, Harrison county, SE 28.11.5, July 2, 1814. 

Samuel Welsh, Harrison county, E;{. SW 22.11.5, April 30, 1822. 

Samuel Welsh, Harrison county, W^^ NE 27.11.5, Sept. 15, 1823. 

Samuel Welsh, Harrison county, EVo SW 27.11.5, Oct. 20, 1824. 

Samuel Welch, Harrison county, SW 28.11.5, Dec. 10, 1827. 

Samuel Welsh, Harrison county. W^^ SE 22.11.5, July 1, 1831. 


John Wert, Harrison county, W14 SE 31.12.5, Oct. 20, 1824. 

John Wert, Harrison county, Ey. SW 21.12.5, Oct. 20, 1824. 

John Wert, Harrison county, Ei/o NE 12.11.5, July 30, 1828. 

John Weyandt, Tuscarawas county, W^/^ SW 26.13.6, Jan. 30, 1827. 

John Weyandt, Tuscarawas county, Ei^ SW and Ei^ NW 2.14.7, Dec. 10, 1827. 

John Weyandt, Tuscarawas county, W% NW 2.14.7, Dec. 2, 1830. 

John Weyandt, Tuscarawas county, W% NE 2.14.7, Jan. 1, 1833. 

Ezra Wharton, Bucks county. Pa., all 6.8.4, May 20, 1806. 

Benjamin Wheeler, Sr., Baltimore county, Md., all 5.10.4, June 6, 1806. 

Benjamin Wheeler, Jr., assignee of Anthony Beck, SE 6.10.4, Jan. 7, 1808. 

.Isaac Wheldon, Tuscarawas county, NE 7.12.7, June 6, 1814. 

Levi Wherry, Washington county. Pa., NE 25.11.6, Dec. 29, 1818. 

Charles White, Harrison county, W% NW 11.11.6, Dec. 10, 1827. 

Elijah White, Fayette county. Pa., WV^ NW 28.11.7, Dec. 10, 1827. 

James Whittaker, Harrison county, NE 35.11.5, Oct. 8, 1818. 

James Whittaker, Harrison county, W% NW 30.11.5, April 2, 1829. 

William Whitten, Jefferson county, Wi/^ SW 26.12.6, April 8, 1828. 

William Whitten, Harrison county, EY2 SE 32.12.6, Oct. 10, 1831. 

William Whittenton, Harrison county, EVj SE 22.11.7, May 6, 1824. 

George Wible, Harrison county, E% SE 34.11.5, March 21, 1831. 

George Wible, Harrison county, W% NE 34.11.5, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Thomas Williams, Brooke county, Va., SW 14.11.5, Nov. 17, 1812. 

Thomas Williams, Washington county. Pa., SW 25.11.6, Feb. 1, 1815. 

John Williamson, Harrison county, NE 17.10.6, March 7, 1817. 

Charles Willison, Harrison county, SE 19.11.6, Jan. 27, 1819. 

Charles Wilson, Steubenville, NW 24.12.7, Aug. 3, 1818. 

Hans Wilson, Steubenville, NW 17.12.7, Jan. 30, 1816. 

Bans Wilson, Steubenville, SW 17.12.7, July 30, 1816. 

Hans Wilson, Steubenville, Ei^ NE 7.14.7. Dec. 2, 1832. 

Israel Wilson, Tuscarawas county, SE 35.10.6, Oct. 1, 1811. 

Israel Wilson, assignee of Dudley Milner, NE 5.11.7, Nov. 16, 1812. 

Jsrael Wilson, Tuscarawas county, SE 20.12.7, Dec. 12, 1815. 

'Israel Wilson, Harrison county, NW 5.11.7, Jan. 27, 1819. 

James Wilson, Jefferson county, NW 12.10.6, Oct. 7, 1812. 

James Wilson, Jr., assignee of James Wilson, SW 7.11.6. Aug. 24, 1816. 

John Wilson, Jefferson county, WV2 NW 12.10.4, Oct. 20, 1824. 

Thomas Wilson, Brooke county, Va., NW 17.10.5, June 10, 1812. 

James Winder, NW 12.11.7, Feb. 10, 1809. 

James Winders, Fayette county. Pa., NW 2.12.7, July 1, 1816. 

John Winnance, Jefferson county, SE 21.11.4, Jan. 20, 1812. 

John Winance, Jefferson county SW 21.11.4, Dec. 12, 1812, 

John Wynants, Jefferson county, SW 8.12.5. July 30, 1813. 

John Winte, Wheeling, Va., all 19.8.4, Feb. 11, 1806. 

John Winter, Wheeling, all 25.8.4. April 10, 1804. 


Isaac Wood, Jefferson county, SW 18.11.5, May 3, 1814. 

John Wood, Harrison county, BVz SE 28.11.7, Dec. 6, 1831. 

John Wood, Harrison county, W% SW 17.11.7, Nov. 12, 1832. 

Jonathan Worrall, Jefferson county, SW 15.9.4, March 16, 1815, 

David Wortman. Jefferson county, W^/o NE 25.12.5, March 10, 1825. 

Jacob Wright, Harrison county, Ei/. SE 2.12.6, Feb. 20, 1827. 

James Wright, Belmont county, SE 32.9.5, Aug. 15, 1811. 

James Wright, Belmont county, NW 25.9.5, Feb. 17, 1820. 

James Wright, Belmont county, NE 31.9.5, Nov. 13, 1822. 

James Wright, Jefferson county, W% NE 29.11.6, Nov. 13, 1822. 

John C. Wright, Steubenville, SE 8.11.6, Oct. 20, 1819. 

Jonathan Wright, Belmont county. SE 11.10.6, May 18, 1813. 

Moses Wright, Harrison county, SW 24.11.7, Jan. 10, 1820. 

Thomas Washington Wright, Harrison county, SE NE 29.11.6, Nov. 18, 1833. 

William Wright, Belmont county, SW 32.9.5, March 5, 1818. 

William Wright, Harrison county, E% SW 21.12.6, April 5, 1822. 

William Wright, Harrison county, W^^ SE 21.12.6, April 30, 1822. 

William Wright, Jefferson county, SW SE 29.11.6, Sept. 10, 1832. 

William Wright, Jefferson county, NW SE 29.11.6, Nov. 18, 1833, 

Peter Wicoff, Brooke county, Va., NE 12.11.6, June 24, 1815. 

Peter Wicoff, Brooke county, Va., NW 12.11.6, Feb. 28, 1821. 

William Wyckoff, Tuscarawas county, SE 26.11.6, Feb. 14, 1817. 

tieirs of John Wylie, dec'd, SE 11.10.4, May 9, 1818. 

Jesse Young, Harrison county, SE 13.12.6, April 17, 1820, 

John Young, Anne Arundel county, Md., NW 22.9.4, Jan. 29, 1814. 



1813 to 1840, Inclusive. 

Adam Abel and Rachel Wagner, Aug. 11, 1829, by John Gruber, J. P. 
John Abel and Elizabeth Shick, June 10, 1827, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Abel and Sarah Ann Abel, Oct. 29, 1837, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Elias Ackerman and Elizabeth Shades, Dec. 1, 1830, by Rev. John Crom. 
Baldwin Adams and Eleanor Brock, Jan. 18, 1820, by Desberry Johnson, Esq. 
George Adams and Milly Hitchcock, Dec. 24, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
James Adams and Elizabeth Cope, Dec. 16, 1824, by Phineas Inskeep, J. P. 
James Adams and Nancy McDowell, Nov. 30, 1826, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
Joshua Adams and Jane Brown, Dec. 14, 1835, by Rev. James C. Taylor. 
Samuel Adams and Jane Stewart, Aug. 30, 1833, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
William Adams and Elizabeth Clark, March 7, 1825, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Willian^ H. Ady and Rebecca Ady. Aug. 13, 1828, by John Heberling, J. P. 
George Albaugh and Betsy Amraons, Sept. 10, 1829, by John C. Huston, J. P. 
Solomon Albaugh and Presila Makisan, Nov. 4, 1817, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
William Albaugh and Sarah Thompson, Sept. 18, 1823, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 
Thomas Alberson and Fanny Campbell, Jan. 22, 1820, by Robert Maxwell, J. P. 
Isaac Alexander and Nancy Hurless, Aug. 20, 1822, by John Hurless, J. P. 
Robert Alexander and Elizabeth Carothers, Dec. 1, 1834, by Richard Campbell. 
Thomas Alexander and Esther Miller, Nov. 6, 1821, by John Rea. V. D. M. 
James Allen and Mary Knox, Jan. 9, 1834, by Rev. William Tipton. 
Ruton Allensworth and Eliza Barnhouse, May, 23, 1838, by John Wagner, J. P. 
James Allison and Margaret Hervey, Oct. 12, 1815, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Ephraim Allwood and Elizabeth Salsbury, July 15, 1824, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Peolia Alwood, and Mary Ann Salsbury, June 20, 1826, by Rev. Jacob Winter. 
Daniel Amies and Mary Thornburg, Feb. 11, 1826, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Philip N. Amiss and Edna Basyn, July 19, 1830, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
William Aims and Precilla Shultz, Aug. 26, 1828, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Alexander Amspoker and Mary Lyons, Jan. 27, 1831, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Amspoker and Catlierine Bay, Oct. 4, 1827, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Samuel Amspoker and Ellen Bell, May 5, 1840, by Rev. Alexander Wilson, 
Benjamin Anderson and Agnes Love, Aug. 31, 1826, by John Walker, J. P. 
Geoi-ge W. Anderson and Jane Pritchard, Oct. 8, 1840, by James Kerr, V. D. T.I. 
Grafton Anderson and Mary Henry, April 24, 1832, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
Harmon Anderson and Mary Ann White, July 25, 1839, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Jacob Anderson and Lavina Field, May 7, 1835, by William Arnold, J. P. 
James Anderson and Lavina Carrick, Feb. 21, 1822, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
James T. Anderson and Mariah Lindsley, Nov. 6, 1838, by James Evans, J. P. 
John Anderson and Maria Young, Sept. 17. 1S22, by Phineas Inskeep, J. P. 


John W. Anderson and Rachel Grubb, Nov. 16, 1826, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Samuel W. Anderson and Matilda Tipton, Feb. 20, 1837, by David Finnicum, 

J. P. 
William Anderson and Jane Frier, Feb. IS, 1834, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
William Anderson and Matilda Wagstaff, Nov. 28, 1837, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Barton Andrews and Rachel Barrett, April 2, 1815, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Charles Andrews and Jane Glasgow, Sept. 8, 1831, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
David Andrews and Mary Ramsey, Dec. 20, 1820, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Hazel Andrews and Martha Archbole, March 21, 1816, by Thomas Fisher, J. P. 
Jeremiah Andrews and I-ibby Archbold, Aug. 5, 1813, by William Barnhill, J. P. 
Charles Angel and Eva Muntz, May 19, 1822, by John V/agner, J. P. 
Lsrael Angel and Nancy Hardner, Feb. 1, 1818, by John Rinehart. 
John Anguis and Sarah Cook, Nov. 14, 1820, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Benjamin Ankrim and Nancy Race, March 22, 1832, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 
James Ankrum and Susanna Auld, Nov. 3, 1836, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
John W. Ankrim and Margaret Hamilton, Nov. 25, 1830, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Benjamin Antrim and Elizabeth Merit, April 12, 1825, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
David Arbaugh and Susanna Long, Feb. 19, 1837, by Rev. Abraham Keller. 
James Arbuthnot and Eliza Armstrong, Dec. 29, 1823, by Salmon Cowles, 

V. D. M. 
Thomas Archbold and Phebe Valentine, Dec. 3, 1835, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Thomas Armstrong and Elizabeth Patter£,on, Oct. 29, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Jacob Arnda and Caty Miller, Feb. 8, 1818, by Martin Guilinger. 
James Arndt and Sarah McGlintock, Nov. 20, 1817, by Rev. John Rea, 
George Arnold and Rachel Walker, March 11, 1840, by William Boggs, J. P. 
John W. Arnold and Elizabeth Davis, Oct. 3, 1834, by William Arnold, J. P. 
John Arnold and Nancy Galbraith, June 17, 1836, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Solomon Arnold and Barbara Stonebrook, Oct. 29, 1820, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 
William Arnold and Miss Jane Hoyt, May 17, 1831, by Rev. William Tipton. 
Daniel Ashbaugh and Christence Ann Little, Sept. 20, 1838, by George Shaffer, 

J. P. 
Anthony Asher and Milly Barks, Aug. 8, 1816, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Richard Askin and Cynthia Dorsey, Dec. 5, 1837, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
John Askren and .Tulianna Lee, June 5, 1825, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Samuel Askren and Eliza Worley, Oct 13, 1822, by Rev. James Roberts. 
David M. Atherton and Eliza Nevitt, Nov. 1, 1821, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Barten Atkison and Margaret Hendricks, Aug. 29, 1839, by William D. Mc- 
Cartney, V. D. M. 
David B. Atkinson and Nancy Amanda McCollough, Feb. 22, 1837, by Rev. 

Jacob Coon. 
John Atkinson and Mary F. Ritchey, Dec. 27, 1831, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
John Atkinson and Ann Ross, Feb. 4, 1836, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Samuel Atkinson and Rebecca Kyle, Dec. 20. 1840, by Joseph Clokey, V. D. M. 
William Atkinson and Mary Kyle, Jan. 4, 1838, by Rev. Joseph Clokey. 
Daniel Auld and Jane Auld, March 22, 1839, by Andrew Isaacs. 
James Auld and Helena Alexander, May 20, 1839, by Andrew Isaacs. 
John G. Auld and Hannah Marinda Ankrum, Sept. 3, 1835, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 


John L. Auld and Jane Hanna, May 23, 1837, by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 

Stewart Auld and Sarah Connel, Sept. 30, 1819, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 

Stewart M. Auld and Martha Matilda Ankrum, April 18, 1839, by William Wal- 
lace, V. D. M. 

William Auld and Mary McAdow, Sept. 25, 1817, by Thomas B. Clark. J. P. 

William Auld and Elizabeth Todd, June 11, 1822, by John Russel, J. P. 

William Auld and Elizabeth Alexander, Aug. 5, 1829, by John Walker, V. D. M. 

George Ayres and Leah Flory, Jan. 22, 1833, by Thomas Ford. 

Jacob Ayres and Polly Petty, June 7, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

John Bain and Polly Taylor, Nov. 21, 1825, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 

Daniel Bair and Elizabeth Manbeck, Sept. 22, 1831, by Thomas Day, J. P. 

Seorge Bair and Hannah Robinson, Aug. 9, 1838, by David G. McGuire, J. P. 

John Bear and Mary Turner, March 6, 1827, by George Brown, J. P. 

Andrew Baker and Ann Young, Dec. 9, 1840, by John Knox, J. P. 

Eli Baker and Polly Easlick, Dec. 16, 1823, by Robert Maxwell, J. P. 

George Baker and Jane Birney, Oct. 12, 1825, by Rev. WMlliam Tipton. 

Iven Baker and Belinda Cox, Jan. 22, 1823, by John Busby, J. P. 

John Baker and Nancy Thompson, March 6, 1832, by Rev. William Knox. 

John Baker and Elizabeth Foreman, Nov. 6, 1834, by Rev. Edward H. Taylor. 

Nathaniel Baker and Balinda Eusby, Nov. 11, 1819, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone 

Otto Baker and Mary Cox, March 29, 181), by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 

Otho Baker and Nancy Buchannan, Sept. 7, 1S37, by Rev. James L. Russell. 

Rezin Baker and Sarah Thompson, Feb. 13, 1834, by Rev. Aurora Callender. 

Samuel Baker and Mary McCombs, Oct. 28, 1830, by John McArthur, V. M. D. 

Samuel Baker and Betsey Orr, Feb. 3, 1836, by William Tagjart V. D. M. 

William Baker and Mary Waters, Feb. 1, 1827, by Robert Orr, J. P. 

William Baker and Ann Barnhouse, Sept. 10, 1829, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 

Zachariah Baker and Ede Busby, Feb. 3, 1825, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 

Mordica Balderson and Ann Kirby, Nov. 15, 1839, by Joseph Clokey, V. D. M. 

Colmore Ball and Mary Lance, Oct. 2, 1838, by Rev. Pardon Cook. 

James H. Ball and Terry Andrews, Aug. 15, 1815, by Rev. James Roberts. 

James Banister and Caty Woods, Aug. 24, 1815, by Henry Ford. J. P. 

James Barber and Betsey Jane Martin, July 16, 1835, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Cornelius Barber and Prudence Ford, Oct. 29, 1817, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 

John Barber and Lucinda Dewell, Feb. 15, 1827, by Samuel Dunlap, J. P. 

John Barcroft and Anna Stone, Oct. 25, 1827, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Ralph L. Barcroft and Margaret Guinn, May 27, 1819, by H. H. Leavitt. 

Abraham Barger and Mary Welch, May 21, 1840, by M. D. McCartney, V. D. M. 

Alexander Barger and Elizabeth Lafferty, Feb. 21, 1837, by William Wallace, 
V. D. M. 

George Barger and Deborah Pugh, March 8, 1838, by Richard Hammond, J. P. 

John Barger and Eliza Ann Gatchel, May 28, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

John Barger and Isabella Day, Oct. 27, 1836, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

Peter Barger and Ruth Ann Crawford, April 11, 1834, by Rev. William Tipton. 

Arnold Barker and Isabella Rutan, Nov. 24, 1831, by Rev. John McArthur. 

Joseph Barker and Anne Manchester, March 31, 1825, by J. R. Kirkpatrick, 

Matthew Barker and Rachel Duel. June 30, 1S25, by Sam.uel Dunlap, J. P. 

Charles Barkhurst and Ellen Davis, Feb. 9, 1837, by Rev. Jas. C. Taylor. 

Charles Barkhurst and Mary Booth, April 18, 1839, by Rev. John Wilson. 

Daniel Barkhurst and Mary Wallraven, Dec. 26, 1833, by Eev. J. Waddell. 


Isaac Barkhnrst and Isabel Moore, May 29, 1833, by Thomas Parkinson, J. P. 
Jamos Barkhurst and Elizabeth C. Welling, July 29, 18.^0, by William Tii)ton. 
John Barkhurst and ilebeckah Belch, April 16, 1816, by Paul Preston. 
Thomas Barkhurst and Susanna Davis, July 13, 1837, by Rev. James C. Taylor. 
William Barkhurst and Drusilla Tipton, March 12, 1834, by Rev. Aurora Cal- 

Elisha S. Barlow and Sarah Harris, Jan. 13, 1837, by John Chalfan, J. P, 
James A. Barnes and Betsy Barnett, Nov. 12, 1815, by Charles Chapman. J. P. 
John P. Barns and Aby Barnett, Dec. 23, 1820, by William Haverfield, J. P. 
Levi Barnes and Susan Rogers, April 10, 1823, by Hugh Shotwell, J. P. 
Richard H. Barnes and Susan J. Dorsey, Oct. 10, 1839, by Rev. J. H. Miller. 
Jacob Barnhart and Sophia Turner, Feb. 3, 1825, by Alex. Moore, J. P. 
Hugh Barnhill and Maria Finnicum, Dec. 2, 1830, by Van Brown, J. P. 
John Barnhill and Mary Thompson, March 16, 1837, by John McArthiir, V. D. M. 
Francis Barnhouse and Nancy Kelly, Oct. 28, 1828, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
Jacob Barnhouse and Elizabeth Cane, May 9, 1839, by James Endslcy J. P. 
John Barnhouse and Ann Kail, Sept. 29, 1831, by John H. Huston, J. P. 
Peter Barnhouse and Susanna Beckley, June 19, 1825. by John Wagner. J. P. 
William Barnhouse and Eleanor Holmes, Dec. 28. 1827, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William Barnhouse and Mary Graham, Dec. 23, 1830, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
William Barnhouse and Sarah Kelly, Nov. 8, 1838, by John Caldwell. J. P. 
Henry Barnet and Elizabeth Maxwell, March 13, 1824, by Hugh Shotwell, J. P. 
Henry Barnett and Jane Haverfield, March 13, 1831, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
James Barnett and Mary M. Lacy, May 28, 1834, by William Arnold, J. P. 
John Barnett and Ceney Merryman, March 14. 1833, by J. Stanoart, J. P. 
Joseoh Barr and Marjery Hall, Feb. 27, 1823, by J. Staneart. J. P. 
Thomas Barr and Emily Fincer, Jan. 19, 1826, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Arthur Barrett and Hannah Sears, March 2, 1837, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 
Erasmus Barrett and Susannah Rogers, June 11, 1836, by Thomas Phil]i))s, J. P. 
Isaac Barret and Rachel Cannon, Feb. 7, 1813, by Rev. David McMasters. 
Thomas Barrett and Susan Perry, Jan. 22, 1835. by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
William Barrett and Phebe McKeever, Sept. 24, 1829, by Rev. Wiliiam Knox. 
John Barricklow and Rachel Watson, March 24, 1^36, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Edward Barrister and Milly Cral)tree, July 31, 1815, by William Knox. 
John M. Bartholow and Sarah Sears, Feb. 14, 1839, by Rev. Jacob Lommon. 
William Bartholow and Mary Miller, Feb. 22, 1838, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Charles Bartlet and Ursula Wyckoff, July 5, 1822, by Benjamin S. Cowan, J. P. 
John Bartlett and Margaret Lamb, Aug. 10, 1818, by John Crawford, J. P. 
Absolom Bartley and Susanna Springer, Sept. 16. 1817, by David Custer, J. P. 
Charles Bartley and Hannah Mulford, Jan. 27, 1840, by Thomas Finnicum, J. P. 
Francis Bartow and Mary Lisle, Aug. 31, 1837, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
George Bartow and Matilda Pickin, March 30, 1820, by Michael Conaway, J. P, 
Zenus Bartow and Mary Boyce, June 7, 1814, by Thomas Dickerson, J. P. 
Martin Bash and Catherine Noffzgar, March 16, 1837, by Rev. Adam Hetsler. 
Wiatt Basye and Jane Wilson, March 8, 1823, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
Jesse Batten and Mary Ann Rosenberger, Sept. 22, 1831, by Edward Talbott, 

J. P. Batten and Mary Steel, Sept. 6, 1827, by Thomas Lakin. 
John Baxter and Lucinda Suddith, Jan. 8, 1828, by Samuel Hitchcock, J. P. 


Thomas Baxter and Nancy Suddeth, March 1, 1834, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
William Baxter and Sarah Paulson, March 4, 1830, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Hugh Bay and Rebecca Uonel, April 23, 1835, by John McArtliur, V. D. M. 
Zephemiah Bayless and Jane Dickey, June 11, 1832, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
George Beall and Margaret Elliot, March 28, 1839, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Isaac Beal and Jane Neel, Oct. 14, 1830, by William N. Smith. 
John Beal and Provy Davis, Nov. 19, 1819, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
James P. Bealle and Minerva Huff, Dec. 9, 1819, by Abriam Johnson, J. P. 
James Beall and Mary Garner, Sept. 21, 1837, by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 
Samuel Beal and Mary Ann Leard, June 11, 1835, by John L. Layport, J. P. 
Harman M. Beans and Sarah Broadhurst, Dec. 2, 1830, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Joseph Beans and Abigail Rankin, June 7, 1838, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Thomas Beard and Eliza France, Oct. 24, 1838, by Thomas Hunt. 
Abram Beatty and Ruth Hall, June 7, 1S14, by Thomas Dickinson, J. P. 
Sampson Beatty and Rachel Johnson, April 15, 1826, by Rev. William Tipton. 
Samuel Beatty and Margaret Wilson, Feb. 6, 1827, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
William Beatty and Maria Hendricks, Nov. 13, 1823, by Michael Conaway 
William Beatty and Mary Black, Sent. 4, 1832, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William Beatty and Mary Wilkins, Nov. 9, 1837, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
Isaac Beaver and Betsey Trusal, Nov. 20, 1832, by Lot Deming, J. P. 
George Beck and Delila Miller, Dec. 26, 1839, by John Knox, J. P. 
James Beck and Nancy Turupaugh, Nov. 10, 1825, by George Brown, J. P. 
Levi Beck and Rachel Dutton, May 15, 1839, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Michael Beck and Eve Bair, April 19, 1831, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Presley Beck and Sarah Boyles, Dec. 16, 1827, by T. P. Jenkins, J. P. 
Henry Beckley and Ann McGee, March 22, 1832, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Jacob Beckley, and Susanna Shulty, July 12, 1818, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John D. Bedwell and Polly Foster, Nov. 5, 1829, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Horace Belknap and Saloma Winders, March 16, 1826, by Daniel Limerick, 

Elder M. E. Church. 
Dary Bell and Cassa Moore, June 18, 1840, by William Arnold, J. P. 
George W. Bell and .Tane Heavlin, Feb. 2, 1826, by Alexander Moore, J. P. 
Graft Bell and Margaret Deeper, April 3, 1832, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Graft Bell and Margaret McClintick, April 11, 1840, by Aaron Conaway, J. P. 
John Bell and Betsey Turner, Aug. 26, 1825, by Silvanus I^amb, J. P. 
John Bell and Catherine Grimes, July 31, 1832, by William Tipton, 
Robert Bell and Charlotte Blanchard, Sept. 26, 1821, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Robert H. Bell and Jane Simpson, July 31, 1823, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Robert H. Bell and Margaret Richards, March 25, 1840, by Aaron Conaway, 

J. P. 
Samuel Bell and Rachel Croskey, Dec. 28. 1826, by James Phillips, V. D. M. 
Walter Bell and Sarah Hovey, Jan. 18, 1816, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Walter Bell and Anne Parker, Sept. 1, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
William Bell and Martha Hooper, March 29, 1838, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
John Beltz and Martha Stuffy, May 26, 1830, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Bendue and Ann Hibbs, July 16, 1839, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
Philip Benedict and Sarah Harmon, Nov. 4, 1830, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Jarret Bennett and Mary Turner, Oct. 29, 1829, by Joseph Rea, J. P. 
Valentine Berger and Elizabeth Wable, Jan. 11, 1827, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 


Daniel Berry and Isabella Hayes, Feb. 26, 1835, by John Rsa, V. D. M. 
Jesse Berry and Hariett Walker, Jan. 15, 1828, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Samuel Berry and Jane Hays, Feb. 11, 1836, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Barnet Bethel and Anne Chandler, Jan. 24, 1823, by George Brown, J. P. 
John Bethel and Elizabeth Oglevee, March 7, 1827, by Joseph Rea J, P. 
Jacob Betz and Christena Feltenberger, Dec. 22, 1836, by John Wagner, J P. 
Philip Bidinger and Sarah Hartman, April 5, 1821, by John Graham. 
Alexander Biddle and Mary Knossker, May 17, 1832, by Rev. Adam Hetsler. 
Joshua Biddle and Sally Notsker, July 12, 1838, by James McGaw, J. P. 
James Bigger and Polly Bigger, April 4, 1817, by William Taggart, "V. D. M. 
James J. Billingsley and Jane Meldrum, Feb. 1, 1838, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Wesley Binas and Anna Haver. Nov. 12, 1833, by James Smith, J. P. 
Michael Binger and Elizabeth Zollars, Oct. 12, 1828, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Jacob Bingham and Katherine Kennard, Aug. 16, 1832, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
Joseph Bingham and Rachel Bernhard, April 14, 1825, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
Stephen N. Bingham and Sarah Townsend, Api'il 5, 1821, by Rev. James 

Hamilton Birney and Rachel McKee. Sept. 23, 1839, by Rev. Parden Cook. 
Israel Birney and Martha Hedge, Aug. 23, 1837, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
John Birney and Hannah McKee, Nov. 23, 1833, by Rev. Aurora Callender. 
Letchworth Birney and Nancy Forsyth, Nov. 14, 1839, by Rev. Lewis Janney. 
Robert Birney and Elizabeth Law, Feb. 2, 1836, by Rev. Job Wilson. 
William Birney and Nan-cy Moore, March 2, 1830, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
John Bishop and Naomi Blue, Aug. 16, 1817, by Henry Kail, J. P. 
Thomas Bishop and Susanna Gutshall, Feb. 17, 1831, by Thomas Day, J. P. 
Daniel Black and Mary Fulton, Oct. 2, 1823, by William Holmes, J. P. 
Zigismond M. Black and Ruth Ann Peterson, Oct. 18, 1837, by Rev. William 

Samuel Blackford and Sarah Williams, Nov. 2, 1819, by Thomas Dickerson, 

J. P 
Samuel Blackstone and Rachel Rowlands, Jan. 10, 1839, by Samuel Skinner, 

J. P. 
Adam Blair and Elizabeth Scoles, Dec. 22, 1829, by Thomas M. Hudson, J. P. 
Arcliibald Blair and Susanna Orr, Feb. 6. 1824, by James McMahon 
Daniel Blair and Susanna Haverfield, Nov. 2, 1819, by William Anderson, J. P. 
John Blair and Eleanor Haverfield, Dec. 28. 1S26, by Samuel Hitchcock, J. P. 
John Blair and Isabella Oliver, Aug. 1, 1827, by Rev. William Knox. 
John Blair and Jane BroKaw, Nov. 19, 1830, by Rev. William McMillan. 
Randel Blair and Sarah Barnett, July 11, 1820, by Rev. William Haverfield, J. P. 
William Blair and Sarah Day, Dec. 14, 1826, by Alexander Moore, J. P. 
John Bleeks and Darcus Maholm, Nov. 20, 1823, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M- 
James Boals and Margaret Clifford, Feb. 12, 1837, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
James Bowles and Martha Hanna, Oct. 17, 1839, by Joseph Clclvey, V. D. M. 
Robert Boals and Catherine Manly, Oct. 25, 1822, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William Boggs and Martha Beatty, Sept. 6, 1827, by Rev. Salmon Cowles. 
William Boggs and Martha Simeral, June 19, 1838, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Joshua Bond and Ruth Cole, Dec. 21, 1815, by John Roberts. 
Alexander Bonham and Susannah Yarnel, Nov. 21, 1833, by Rev. Benjamin 

Evan Bonham and Mary Worley, May 1, 1828, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 


Smith HiMiham and Julian Worloy, ,T:m. 4. IS.T. by Uev. Benjamin Wood. 
Miohaol l>oop and Kli/.ahoth Juno -J). ISJo. by Kov. l^aniol Rahauser. 
Jaiob iUH)tl\e and Mary Harkhurst. IVo. 26. lSo3. by Rov. G. WaddoU. 
JortMuiah Booth and Elizabeth Ann Carnor. Sept. 20. ISSS. by William Arnold. 

J. P. 
Isaac Boothe and Leah Arbuokle. Deo. 7. 1S24. by Salmon Cowies. V. O. M. 
John Botho and Mary Cox. Aug. 20. ISIS, by James Roberts. 
John Booth and Mary Ann .\ikins. April 21. ISol. by Rev. John Seorest. 
John r>oothe and Elendev Ann MeKee. April II. IS:?3. by Edward Talbott J. P. 
Samuel Borland and Mary Little. April 20. 1S20. by John Hurless. J. P. 
Satnnel Boivland and Elizabeth Heavlin. Oct. 4. 1S27. by Rev. Sewel C. Bris:::s. 
Jaeob Bo!5ley and Elizabeth N. Kail. Juno 25. ISoo. by John Wagner. J. P. 
Medad Bostiok and Mary N. Ci-aij;. Oct. 1. ISUV by Desberry Johnson. J. P. 
Elias Bowers and Forill.x .MoBonald. April m. ISIS, by Rev. M. Cole. 
William Bowers and Crilly Barneys. Eeb. 3. ISIS, by Charles Chapman. J. P. 
Williant l5ower and Sarah Tauner. Jnne lH. lS3ti. by David Bower. J. P. 
David r.oworsook and Margaret Shiok. April S. 1S27. by James Mannin;t. 
Abraham r>oyoe and Elizabeth Cram. Apdl 20. 1SU5. by Thomas Diokerson. J. P. 
William Boyco and Sarah Reynolds. Jan. 7. lS2v^. by Michael Conaway. J. P. 
Jantes F. Boyles and Mary \nn Hook. Jnne 2. 1S37. by B. W. Viers. J. P. 
Albert Boyd and Raohel Ann J. Eaton. Doc. 20. 1S;U5. by M. B. Lnkins. J. P. 
Jatjves Boyd and Maria Barger. Nov. 4. ISSO. by John McArthur. V. D. M. 
John Boyd and Caty Henry. Sept. 24. 1S2'J. by Henry Ford, J. P. 
John P.oyd and Mary Burnett. Oct. 22. IS32. by Thomas Phillips. J. P. 
John >U\vd and Karonhappuok Parrish. June SO. lS3o. by William Tag?:^rt, 

V. D. M. 
Samuel P>oyd and Eliza Christy. Deo. 23. 1S2S. by Sanmel Hitchcock. J. P. 
Samnol Boyd and Nanoy Allen. Fob. ItS. 1S3S. by John M. Brown. J. P. 
Thomas Boyd and Catherine Kent. Maroh 6. 1SS2. by John MoArthnr. V. D M. 
William Boyd and Anna White. Maroh 13. 1S23. by John Orahani. 
William Boyd and Margaret Boles. April 3. 1S24. by Joseph Fry. J. P. 
Joseph B. Braden and Isabella Sharp. Oct. 23. lS3i>. by Rev. William Taggart. 

V. D. M. 
Walter Braden ar.d Esther Long. May S. 1S24. by Thomas Hanna. Y. D. M. 
Walter Braden and EUza Graham. April 2. 1S40. by James Kerr. V. D. M. 
Thomas P.radford and Mary Ann Palmer. Sept. 6. 1S21. by John Rea. V D. ^L 
Jesse Bradiuburgh and Matilda Turner. May 19. ISIS, by Desberry Johnson. 

J. P. 
Thomas Bradley and Rachel Scott. March IT. 1S36. by John MoArthnr. V. D ^L 
Willian\ Breidenthal and Catherine Timmons. Maroh 20. 1S2S. by Rev. James 

James B. Brennan and Esther Matson. April 19. 1S20. by Thomas Parkinson. 
. J. P. 
John Brannon and Nancy Jan. 7. 1S23. by Thomas Patton. J. P. 
Kiohard Brewer and Mary Mercer. Aivc. S. 1S37. by John ChaUan. J. P. 
Henry Bricker and Uvdia Miser. Shortcreek. April 20. 1S13. by Samuel Dunlap. 

J. P. 
John Bricker and Anna Busby. Feb. 14. iSSS. hy William Arnold. J. P. 
John Briudley and Ann Brown. A'ovii S, jSSO. by Rev. William Knox 
W illiam Briudley an>l Mary Little. July 2. 1S40. by James Evans, J. P. 


Joseph rirondhiirst niu\ Riu-liol Carver. ?.ray !V 1S16, by Pni'.l Pro'^ton. 
KiMil)on HiDiiv ami Kli/.aboth Uik>y. Pih-. ::o. 1S2 1. by I'ainoas luskooi). J. V. 
Thomas Brock and Polila Fajiloy, Jan. 11. KSl'O, by Dosborry Johnson. En\. 
Thomas P^roi-k and Mar\ Smith. Jan, 7. ISlio. by .Vreliibahl Mcl'^iroy. 
Abraliam I'uokaw ami I\lary llvUhrio. Jnno 3, JSIO, by Uov. Alusos Alien. 
Benjamin Ih-okaw and Martha Ividwell. Sov)t. 23. 1S30. by Philip Fnlton. J. P. 
Geor,i;e l?roka\v and Kli/a Hamilton. An-. 13. 1S27. by William Wallaee. V. IX RF. 
Peter IJrokaw and Sarali Grant. Sept. IIO. lS2o. by Isaac Allen. J. P. 
John Brooks and Mary Fancet. Feb. 27, 1822. by IClias Crane. D. C. 
Thomas P>rooks and l\Iary Grace. May 15. 1S2S. by Rev. William Knox. 
Clark Mnnvn and Rachel Poulson. .March 22, 1S;'.2. by Rev. William Knox. 
Daniel I'rown anil Snsanna UpdegralT. .\pril 1. 1S2S. by Rev. Joseph Anderson. 
Klislia Mi'own and Mar.naret Ann Vanhoia. .Inly 2,'>. 1SI'!>, by Richard llamnunid. 
George Brown and Nancy Laivb. Marcli 27. ISIS, by William ^Vyc^•olT. J. 1'. 
George Brown and Sarah Tipton. Nov. ,). 1S20. by William Anderson. .1. P. 
Georsie Brown and Susanna Kidwell. Jan. 24. 1S3;). by Charles Thorn. 
Griiisby P.rown and Sarah Uubel. Sept. I'J. 1S37. by Thomas P. Jenkins. J. P. 
Jacob lirov.n and Eleanor Tipton. April Ui. ISIO. by Robert C\ildwell. J. P. 
James Brown and Mary Dryden. Feb. 11, 1S31>. by Andrew Isaac. 
Jefferson Brown and Mary Gass. March 27. 1S32. by .John Mc.Vrthnr. V. I). M. 
Joel Brown and Leah Mister. May S. 1S23. by David McMasters. 
John R. Brown and Mary Beek. Sept. 10. ISIS, by Peter Johnson, J. P. 
John Brown and Sarah Davis. Dec. 23, 1S21, by Rev. John Watterman. 
John Brown and Martha Williams. Nov. 8. 1S27. by Michael Conaway. J. P. 
John Brown and Hannah Beck. Auii'. 20, 1S2i). by Thomas P. Jenkins. J. P. 
John Brown and Eli/.abeth Kirkwood. April 20, 1S31, by Van Brown, J. P. 
John iM. Brown and I'li/.a ,lane Norris, Jan. 2, ISol. by John L. Grnbb. J. P. 

Joseph l>rown and Mary Meek. April 2. lS2r>. by Rev. John McMahon. 
Joseph Brown and lOliza Robinstui. Sept. 23. 1S30. by ,lohn Mc.Vrthnr. V. D. M. 
Joshua Brown and Sally Ikirnes. Feb. lv">. ISl'G. by James Clements. 
WMlliam Brown and Lena Dawson. Jan. 11. 1S23. by William Wallace. 
William Brown and Mai-,;;aret Cnlhert^on. Feb. 14, 1S3S). by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
William Brownin ;ind Hannah Barr. Feb. 2S, ISIS, by Desberry Johnson. J. P. 
James Rrownlee and Elizabeth Sheridan. Jnly G, 1S30. by Rev. John Moflit. 
Samnel Bnimley and l.>dia Wyne. April 17. 1S2S. by Rev. Jacob Lemnion. 
Alexander Buchanan and Rosanna Gilmore. May 3. 1S32. by Thomas Philips, 

J. P. 
Geor.ue A. Biu-hanan and l<>li/.abeth Ferris. Nov. 4. 1S3S. by Charles Thorn. 
John Buchanan and Mary Pittin.s;er. Dee. 4. 1S32. by John McArthnr, V. D. M. 
Joseph Buchanan and Elizabeth Hynes, Feb. 8, 1838, by Rev. John Knox. 
Abraham Buck and l''leanor Cliicken. Jan. 2(5. 1S28. by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
William Ihick and Corander Smith. .Vpril 5. 1S14. by Rev. Janies Roberts. 
Nathaniel Buck and Nancy David. Oct. 13. 1815, by William WyckotT. J. P. 
Jesse Buthngton nud Fanny \\allace, Nov. 3, 1835, by Samnel Skinner, J. P. 
John Buger and Racliel Markley, May 22. 1814, by Gcor.sic Pfautz, J. P. 
John Bnrch and Eli/.abeth Pasley. Dec. r,, 18Ui, by John Crawford. J. P. 
Resin Burdett and Rachel .Martin, March 17, 1833, by John Barry, J. P. 
Daniel P>uri}:e;- and Caty Alhon^h, Dec. 23, 1818. by Martin Guilinser. J. P. 
James Burk and Elizabeth Smoot, Sept. i), 182G. by James Clements, J. P. 


Matthias Buvkhart and Eli?.aboth Kail. Feb. 2L 1S20. by John Wagner. J. P. 
William nuvkhart and Fanny Arnold. M-^y l>. 1S23. by .lohn Wagnor. J. P. 
Abraham lUirkhoad and Anna Burkhoad. Nov. 31. 1S2G, by Samuel Hitohoock. 

J. P. 
.loshna Bnrkhead and Maria rurniiavii;l\. May 23. 1S27. by Saniiiel Hitehooek. 

J. P. 
Joshua P>urkhead and FUi-.abeth Cox. Sept. li>. 1S30. by Thomas Phillips. J. P. 
Mahalaleel Purkhead and Sarah lUair. Ang. 10, 1S24. by Isaac Allen. J. P. 
Nathan Purkhead imd Susanna Rogers. Feb. 5. 1S31. by Peter Barger. J. P. 
Thomas Burkhead and Sarah Ann Oordou, Juue 15, 1S3T, by Richard Hammond. 

J. P. 
John Burns and Rachel Lett. Feb. 25. ISIT. by .lohn Crawford. J. P. 
John M. P.uins and Kli/abeth llilbert. Jan. 4. 1S3!\ by Andrew Lynch. J. P. 
William Burns and Rachel Randolph. AprU 20. 1S30. by John McArihur. V .U. M. 
Robert Bnrnside and Margaret McAdam, March 12. 1S40, by Hugh Parks. 

V. n. M. 
Benedict Bnrrass and Elizabeth Creder. Dec. 30. 1S23. by Rev. William \Vallaci\ 
Jacob Burrier and Catherine Heudi'icks. Sept. 3, 1S33. by David Finnicum, J. P. 
Lee S. Burton and Hannah Stone. July 2S. 1S31. by John Rea. V. D. M. 
Joseph Burwell and Mary Scott. Jan. 13. 1824. by Rev. William Wallace. 
William Burwell and Nancy Morris, Feb. 2. 1S32. by William L. Robisoa. J. P. 
Robert Busby and Amanda Ken\p. March 10. 1825. by James Phillips. 
Joshua Bush and Ruth Ann Peterson. Jan. 0. 1S23. by Rev. James Roberts. 
William B. Bush and Sarah McCleary, Dec. 25. 1S32. by Edward Talbott. J. P. 
James Bushtleld and Mary Carnee. April S. 1S24. by Jesse Hooper. J. P. 
John Butler and Sarah Jane Lowrey Budianan. May 3. 1S3S. by George Atkin- 
son. J. P. 
John Butterfield and Emma Shepherd. June 14. 1S32. by Rev. Jacob Cozad. 
Thomas Butterfield and Mary Minnick. Oct. 7. 1S32, by Lot Deming. J. P. 
William Cady and Rachel Baruett. March 20. ISoG. by John McArthur. V. D. :\I. 
David Cahill and Eleanor Capper. Jan. S, 1S20. by John C. Huston. J. P. 
Griffith Cahill and Mary McQueen. March 22. 1S21. by B. W. Veirs. J. P. 
William Cahill and Rebeckah Barrett. March 16. 1S15, by William Knox. 
Thomas Calahan and Nancy Bennington. Oct. 2S. 1S24. by Jacob Tope. J. P. 
Alfred Calvert and Cassa Browning. Dec. 24. 1S41. by John Hastings. 
John Caldwell and Sarah Reed. Jan. 7. ISIO. by John Rea. V. D. M. 
John Caldwell and Elizabeth Granfell. Sept. 5, 1830. by Rev. L. D. Kinnear. 
Joseph Caldwell and Nancy Gillespie. May IS. 1837. by John McArthur. V. D. M. 
Thomas P. Caldwell and Catherine Crabb. April 25. 1830. by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Levi Caldwell and Catherine Smith. Oct 20. 1S33. by J. Staueart. J. P. 
Abram Camp and Nancy Nance. Ang. 24. 1837. by George Nickels. 
Archibald Campbell and Catherine Hauk. Juue 17, 1830. by John Rea, V. D. M. 
James Campbell and Sarah Foster, Nov. 14, 1S30. by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
John Campbell and Elizabeth Flickinger. Feb. 7. 182S. by John Huston. J. P. 
John Campbell and Lucinda Plowman. April ti, 1837. by David Bower. J. P. 
Robert Campbell and Margaret Archbold, June 10. 1S24. by Michael Couaway, 

J. P. 
William Campbell and Mary Kerr. June 15. 1837, by John Rea. V D. M. 
Jacob Canagey and Sarah Fisher, Dec. 17, 1S35, by Rev. Adam Webster. 



Canaga, see also Kenagoy. 

MoscB Cannon and iiachel Turner, Oct. 14, 1819, by William Wyclioff, J. P, 

Thomas Cantwell and'Aroy Buckingham, March 30, ]H2<), by Rev. Willlaia 


David Capper and Mary Elliott, .Tan. .3, 1828, by Rev. William Knox. 
John Capper aud Susanna Morrisson, April 28, 1831, by .John Craham. 
Meredith Capper and iOliza Carter, Feb. .5, 1822, by H. W. Veirg, J. P. 
Samuel Camahan, and Sarah McFadden, Sept. 21, 1821>, by William Tag^art, 

V. D. M. 
Camahan, see also Kernaghan. 

John Carnes and Eliza Melgon, June 9, 1831, by .Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Thomas Carrens and Klizabeth Harding, Nov. 7, 18.38, by M. H. Lukins, J. P, 
William Carnes and Sunan Riggle, March 16, 1832, by Jo.seph Johnson, J. P. 
George Carlisle and Hannah McCurdy, Aug. 14. 1832, by John Huston, J P. 
James Carlile and Nancy McDowell, Oct. 9, 1830. by Jacob Tope, J. P. 
Philip Carol! and Maria Feltbarger, Sept. 13, 1832, by Van Brown, J. P. 
George Carothers and Anne Hurnes, Sept. 12, 1815, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
George Carothers and Ann Black, March 24, 1828, by .l(iiiH<s Hooper, J. P. 
James Carothers and Elizabeth Wilson, Sept. 22, 1831, by Samuel Skinner, 
John Carothers and Susanna Rurges, ixy;. 30, 1830, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 
Lernmuel Carnithers and Margaret Phillips, Feb. 21, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Lem- 

Uriah Caruthers and Rebecca Denning, April 19, 1832, by Thomas P. Jenkins, 

J. P. 

William Caruthers and Elizabeth McClintack, April 28, 1811, by .John Rea, 

V. D. M. 
Aaron Carpenter and Prlscilla Corneliur-i, Jan. 1, 1828, by 'Jhomas P. Jenkins, 

J. P. 
George Carpenter and Rebeckah Clow, April 0, 181C, by Paul Preston. 
Elijah Carson and .Margaret Mehaffy, Jan. 12, 1832, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Samuel Carson and Elizabeth Willougby, Jan. 4, 181.5, by Charles Chapman, 

J. P. 
Walter Carson and Harriet Lewis, June 25, 1837, by Richard Hammond. J. P. 
William Carson and PJHzabeth Wells, Oct. 25, 1840, by Rev. G. D. Skinner. 
Dr. John Carter and Mary Jane Johnson, Oct. 4, 1840, by James Love. 
Abner Carver and Eliza Norris, Au^. 5, 1830, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Elijah Carver and Nancy Roals, Nov. 26, 1835, by Mark Hog2;e, J. P. 
Thomas Carver and Tomson Gray, Feb. 12, 1S18, by James Roberts. 
John Garwood and Jane McDonald, March 21, 1826, by Michael Conaway, .L P. 
Elias Case and Lorana Sparrow, July 3, i.^SS, by John Caldwell, J. P. 
Lloyd Case and Susanna Cope, Aug. 12, 1830, by John Wilson. 
John Casel and Elizabeth Boothe, Oct. 23, 1823, by Phineas Inskeep, J. P. 
William Cash and Lydia Carson, Dec. 5, 1833, by Rev. Robert C'^xjk. 
William Cash and Rachel Pugli, Sept. 9, 1838, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Abraham Cass and Pe'^^gy Barkhurst, Nov. 24, 1815, by James Roberts. 
Charles Cave and Mary Ann, May 30, 1833, by John C. Auld, J. P. 
Aden Cecil and Rachel Wright, Dec. 17, 1840, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Hazel Cecil and Sarah Heavlin, March 6, 1828, by John Carson, J. P. 
Jeremiah Ci".-:el and Elizabeth McClintick. July 12, 1839, by R. Brown. 
Jesse Cecil and Elizabeth Goddard, Jan 4, 1838, by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 


John Cecil and Phebe Ann Davis, Jan. 8, 1824, by James McMahon. 
Samuel Chamberliu and Hannah Hillhouse, Dec. 15, 1825, by George Brown, 

J. P. 
David Chambers and Elizabeth Barnes, Nov. 27, 1838, by John M. Broclair, J. P. 
William Chambers and Lydia Croxen, Dec. 14, 1815, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
William Chambers and Jane Vincent, Jan. 20, 1820, by John Rea. V. D. M. 
William Chambers and Jane Miller, Jan. 21, 1833, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Aaron Chance and Jane Beal, March 25, 1840, by Richard Hammond, J. P. 
Benjamin Chance and Sarah Falin, March 19, 1820, by Thomas Parkinson, J. P. 
Curtis Chance and Violet Stephens, March 11. 1824, by Thomas Robinson, J. P. 
Enoch Chandler and Sarah Knock, June 10, 1830, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Elsey Chaney, and Dolly Cursy, Nov. 23, 1817, by Robert McKee. J. P. 
Jane Cheney and Polly Coozer, Feb. 8, 1816, by Thomas Dickerson. 
John Chaney and Martha Clark, Jan. 26, 1832. by William Arnold, J. P. 
John Cheney and Rebecca Crawford, June 15, 1837, by Rev. Z. Ragan. 
Joshua Chaney and Betsey Aimes, March 8, 1821, by William Carothers, J. P. 
Thomas Chaney and Hannah Gardner, Feb. 11, 1830, by George Brown, J. P. 
Thomas Chaney and Elizabeth Clark, Sept. 27, 1836, by William Arnold, J. P. 
William Chaney and Elizabeth Alberson, Feb. 24, 1824, by William Holmes, 

J P. 
William Chaney and Sarah Steel, June 13, 1824, by George Brown, J. P. 
William Chaney and Rachel Lyon, March 15, 1836, by William Arnold, J. P. 
William Chaney and Elizabeth Millhorn, March 31, 1839, by Samuel Lev/is, J. P. 
Daniel D. Chicken and Charlotte Norris, SeiJt. 6, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
John Chicken and Elizabeth Boothe, Nov. 15, 1832, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Daniel M. Christian and Milla Smith, Nov. 28, 1827, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Herod Henry Christian and Henrietta Peterson, April 12, 1832, by George W. 

Bell, J. P. 
David Christy and Sarah Wilkins, Jan. 4, 1825, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 
John Cristy and Effie Mariah Eaton, Oct. 28, 1840, by John Knox, J. P. 
Richard D. Cristy and Sarah Porter, Nov. 5, 1840, by James Kerr, V. D. M. 
Robert Christy and Jane McCleary, Dec. 15, 1831, by Rev. John McArthur. 
William Christy and Martha Harper, May 10, 1821, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
William Christy and Maria Peoples, Sept. 22, 1835, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Joseph Clabough and Lavina Louisa Stephens, Nov. 23, 1839, by Thomas Beck. 
Abisha Clark and Sarah McAdoM , Oct. 8, 1834, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
Alexander Clark and Rachel Adams, Nov. 9, 1823, by John Russell, J. P. 
Alexander Clark and Elizabeth Morrison, Aug. 15, 1840, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Andrew Clark and Mary Reed, Nov. 17, 1836, by John McArthur, J. P. 
Francis Clark and Nancy Wilken, June 18, 1818, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
George Clark and Elizabeth Penn. Jan. 3, 1839, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Hezekiah G. Clark and Jane Abraham, May 22, 1832, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 
James J. Clark and Mariah Courtney, Feb. 28, 1828, by Ezekiel Paramer, 

E. C. C. 
James Clark and Eleanor Chaney, March 17, 1831, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
AJohn Clark and Matilda Hows, June 3, 1819, by James McMahon. 
John Clark and Henrietta Murrey, Dec. 23, 1824, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Joseph Clark and Jane Haverfield, Feb. 17, 1831, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Moses Clark and Elizabeth King, July 17, 1823, by John Conaway, J. P. 
Robert Clerk and Margaret Moore, Sept 18, 1817, by John Rea, V. D. .M. 


Samuel Clark and Jane Hawthorn, Jan. 12, 1^32, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 

Thomas Clark and Mary Stiers, Jan. 27 ";.824, by John Walker, J. P. 

Thomas W. Clark and Anna Turner, Dec. 19, 1833, by Rev. Eilijah C. Stone. 

William Clark and Rachel Lock, Nov. 28, 1834, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

William Clark and Margaret Ander?on, .fan. 3, 1839, by Rev. Thomas rianna. 

William Clark and Jane McCoy, Jan. 2, 1840, by William Arnold, J. P. 

William Clawson and Levena Myers, Dec. 7, 1837, by James M. Piper. 

Guian Clements and Mary Rogers, Oct. 4, 1831, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Hezekiah Clement and Betsey Wood, June 19, 1828, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 

Jeremiah Clemens and Charlotte M. Smith, July 20. 1834, by Samuel Skinner, 
J. P. 

Joseph Clemens and Rebecca Arrison, May 23, 1832, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

William Clemens and Catherine Harrison, April 8, 1824, by John Hurless, J. P. 

William Clendenen and Elizabeth Birney, Dec. 19, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Lem- 

John Clevinger and Matilda Barrister, Sept. 21, 1815, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 

Samuel Clickner and Mary Ann Hilbert, Oct. 8, 1835, by John Gruber, J. P. 

Benjamin Cliff crd and Jane Milliken, April 18, 1837, by John M-- Arthur, v d. ?T. 

Edward Clifford and Rebecca Dunlap Feb. 10, 1830, by William Wallace, 
V. D. M. 

James Cobean and Louisa McNeely, May 27, 1830, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Samuel Cobean and Nancy Kerr, Jan. 1, 1835, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

William Cobb and Mary Copeland, March 24, 1836, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

Rice Cochron and Rachel Quillen, July 8, 1834, by Rev. Robert Cook. 

Samuel Cochran and Sarah Jane Hedges, Oct. 10, 1839, by James Rea, V. D. II. 

Charles Cole and Emma Hardsock, Nov. 14, 1838, by Andrew Lynch, J. P. 

Ezekial Cole and Mariah Jane Smith, Feb. 3, 1837, by William Argo. 

Joseph Cole and Mary Eagleson, April 24, 1835, by James McCoy. 

Thomas Cole and Catherine Hardsock, March 30, 1826, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Thomas Cole and Sarah Salsbury, April 16, 1832, by Rev. Elijah Stone. 

Aaron Coleman and Salome Foreman, Aug. 10, 1828, by John Graham. 

Charles Coleman and Elizabeth Fuller, Aug. 15, 1816, by James Roberts. 

John Coleman and Hannah McConnell, Nov. 4, 1821, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

John Coleman and Esther Belveal, Nov. 6, 1823, by Rev. James Roberts. 

Thomas Coleman an-d Jane Johnson, Feb. 14, 1828, by Robert Orr, J. P. 

William Coleman and Sarah Huff, May 3, 1827, by David Winder, J. P. 

Elijah Combs and Deborah Murry, Feb. 16, 1836, by James McCoy. 

James Comston and Nancy Early, Nov. 28, 1835, by John Bethel, J. P. 

Aaron Conaway and Darcus Busby, March 28, 1833, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Charles Conaway and Fanny Arnold, Dec. 17, 1819, by William Anderson, J. P. 

Jeremia Condo and Lydia Stall, May 1, 1836, by John Gruber, J. P. 

James Connel and Jane Auld, Aug. 15, 1831, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 

John Conel and Margaret Lewis, Oct. 25, 1827, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 

William Conner and Catherine Dunlap, Oct. 11, 1838, by Nathan Tannehill, J. P. 

Joseph Conrad and Eva Stonebrook, May 12, 1823, by Rev. John Crom. 

Hiram Conwell and Mary Cady, Oct. 26, 1817, by William Knox. 

Jeremiah D. Conwell and Christean Caruthers, Oct. 13, 1835, by Rev. Moses 

Louis Conwell and Prudence McConnell, Dec. 17, 1833, by James Smith, J. P. 

David Cook and Amelia E. Smith, Aug. 28, 1S32, by George W. Bell, J. P. 


George Cook and Nancy Anderson, Aug. 29, 1824, by Robert Maxwell. J. P. 

Jesse Cook and Mary Vansickel, Feb. 20, 1827, by Rev. James Roberts. 

John Cook and Jane Guttery, Feb. 25, 1817, by Thomas B. Clark. 

John Cook and Mary Bradley, Dec. 3, 1835, by B. W. Viers, J. P. 

Joshua Cook and Betsey Larkin, Jan. 18, 1827, by John Hagey, J. P. 

Roswell Cook and Mary Houser, June 11, 1833, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

William Cook and Rebecca Moore, July 15, 1814, by Samuel G. Barnhill, J. P. 

Harris Cool and Martha McGlaughlin, Oct. 9, 1832, by Van Brown, J. P. 

Imla Cooper and Susanna Dawson, Jan. 22, 1822, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

James Cooper and Julian Johnson, Dec. 19, 1828, by Rev. Thomas J. Taylor. 

Rezin Cooper and Mary Jane Smith, Dec. 18, 1840, by Thomas McClintock, 
J. P. 

AVilliam Cooper and Nancy Holiday, Feb. 27, 1817, by Peter Johnson. J. P. 

William Cooper and Maria M. Miller, Dec 25, 1831, by Robert Plttis, J. P. 

Ellis Cope and Rachel Cecil, Nov. 7, 1837, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 

Isaac Cope and Abigal Cope, March 7, 1^39, by Thomas Phillips, J P. 

James Cope and Eleanor Harrison, April 8, 1830, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

John Cope and Eliza Singer, Aug. 16, 1832, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 

Joshua Cope and Mary Chambers, Aug. 20, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

Thomas Cope and Mary Ann Gwyn, July 15, 1838, by William Arnold. J. P. 

William Cope and Sarah C. Dungau, Nov. 22, 1827, by John Heberling, J. P. 

William Cope and Anne Cope, May 12, 1835, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

James Copeland and Christena Croskey, April 14, 1825, by James Phillips, 
V. D. M. 

James Copeland and Mary Ann Walters, Nov. 21, 1837, bv Levi Peddycoart, 
J. P. 

Thomas Copeland and Nancy Shepler, Feb. 7, 1814, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Abraham Corbin and Jane Gulick, Sept 18, 1830. by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Elija Covington and Elizabeth Carver, Dec. 4, 1817, by Daniel David, J. P. 

Robert Cosgrove and Hannah Cook, Jan. 15. 1824, by Rev. William Wallace. 

V\ailiam Cotton and Polly Derry, July 31, 1817, by Daniel David, J. P. 

Benjamin C. Couchman and Mary C. Timberlake, Nov. 8, 1840, by George At- 
kinson, J. P. 

John Cowlson and Mary Matson, Jan. 9, 1817, by James Roberts. 

John Coulson and Alcinda Huston, Sept. 2, 1838, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 

Benjamin Coulter and Polly Nash, Sept. 6, 1832, by Peter Barger, J. P. 

Henry Coultrap and Elizabeth Cramblet, Oct. 19, 1820, by Rev. William Knox. 

James Courtwright and Rebecca Sneary, March 22, 1825, by J. R. Kirkpatrick. 
J. P. 

James H. Coventry and Pricilla Barthelow, July 24, 1831, by Thomas Lakin. 

Joseph Covert and Nancy Bohier, Aug. 17, 1813, by James B. Finley. 

Morris Covert and Jane Wright, Nov. 29, 1838, by Charles Thorns. 

Joshua F. Covey and Rhoda Fordyce, Aug. 27, 1837, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

James Cowan and Margaret Beaty. March 5, 1834, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 

Abraham Cox and Jane .4tkinson, Sept. ?.3, 1831, by John Busby, J. P. 

Elisha Cox and Elizabeth Ann Green, May 13, 1830, by Samuel Hitchcock, J. P. 

Elisha Cox and Ruth Merryman, Nov. 22, 1832, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 

Hiram Cox and Hannah Hall, April 22, 1834, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

Jacob Cox and Agnes Baker, Sept. 22, 1829, by John Busby, J. P. 

Jacob Cox and Mary Randal, Dec. 29, 183G, by Rev. William Knox. 


Nicholas Cox and Mary Huff, Jan. 3. 1833, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Sheridan Cox and Betsey Laughlin, July 6. 1824, by John Busby, J. P. 
William Cox and Mary Carver. March 6, 1828. by David Winder. J. P. 
William Cox and Sarah Maxwell, Nov. 27, i834, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Zebadiah Cox and Charlotta Busby, Feb. 11, 1822, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Zebadiah Cox and Elizabeth Ryan, March 11, 1832. by Rev. Elias C. Stone. 
Andrew Coyl and Susanna Hull. Jan. 31, 1833, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Elias Cozad and Jane Lyons, March 24, 1831, by Rev. Jacob Cozad. 
Washington Crabb and Anne Mahood, Jan. 5, 183G, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Gabriel Crabtree and Rebecca Moore, June 19, 1820, by Abriam Johnson, J. P. 
James Crabtree and Jane Cahill, July 31. 1815, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Lewis Crabtree and Margaret McMillan, Oct. 19, 1826, by Philip Fulton, J. P. 
Thomas Crabtree and Eleanor Davis, June 15, 1820, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
William Crabtree and Sarah Delaney, Dec. 25, 1823, by Joseph Pry, J. P. 
John Craig and Mary Osburn, Sept. 27, 1827, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Johnson Craig and Martha Thompson, July 10, 1834, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Samuel Craig and Margaret McFadden, May 29, 1838, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Samuel Cram and Rhoda Burkhead, March 28, 1816, by Thomas Dickerson, J. P. 
Andrew Cramblet and Charlotte Young, Feb. 11, 1830, by Thomas McCleary. 
Daniel Cramblet and Elizabeth Lukens, May 21, 1829, by Deacon John W. 

John T. Cramblitt and Caroline Castel, Aug. 22, 1839. by M. B. Lukens. J. P. 
William Cramblett and Rachel Moore, Jan. 20, 1820, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Benjamin Cramer and Anne Speck, March 12, 1817, by Peter Johnson, J. P. 
Joseph M. Cramer and Nancy Adams, Dec. 23, 1830, by Rev. John Crom. 
Joseph M. Cramer and Sarah Lants, March 19, 1840, by Rev. Jacob Keips. 
Hiram Craven and Mary Barkhurst, April 6, 1820, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Hiram Craven and Hannah Walker, Jan. 15, 1831, by Moses Wright, J. P. 
Alexander Crawford and Ziporah Cox, Aug. 28, 1828, by John Busby, J. P. 
Arnold Crawford and Ann Culbertson, Aug. 11, 1836, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Ephraim Crawford and Mary Ann Birney, Sept. 18, 1834, by Walter Athey. 
John Crawford and Catherine Grace, May 22, 1832, by W. C. Henderson. 
Joseph Crawford and Rebecca Hester, April 8, 1823, by James McMahon. 
Joseph R. Crawford and Myra McMillan, May 6, 1834, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Josiah Crawford and Eleanor Farel, Aug. 27, 1829, by John McArthur, V. D. M. . 
Thomas Crawford and Jane Kelly, Nov. 26, 1829, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Thomas Crawford and Eleanor Forbis, March 5, 1839, by Richard Brown. 
William Crawford and Louisa Foot, April 2, 1840, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
Elias Crea and Martha Cochran, July 3, 1827, by John Walker, V. D. M. 
Elihu L. Ci'ane and Accions Chaney, April 17, 1816, by Thomas Fisher, J. P. 
David Cripleever and Caty Smith, March 6, 1817, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
John Crochran and Mary Wiant, April 28, 1831, by John C. Huston, J. P. 
Jesse Croghan and Eizabeth Giles, Aug. 6, 1840, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Jacob Crom and Anne Overholt, April 17, 1825, by Rev. John Crom. 
William Cromey and Hetty Shields, Dec. 27, 1831, by Rev. James Robertson. 
Jackson Croskey and Elizabeth Ann Baker, Jan. 5, 1837, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Croskey and Esther Davidson, Oct. 24, 1827, by William Tasgart, V. D. M. 


John Croskoy and Elizabeth Long. Rlarrh IS. ISoO. by Uov. William Hailen. 
Michaol Croskoy and Rachel Lewis. March 17. 1S31. by Rev. William Tiptoa. 
Samuel Croskey and Grazella Soros.s;s, July 0. 1815. by Johu Rta. V. D. M. 
William Croskey and Susanna Raster. Jan. IG. 1S40. by Cyrus McNeely. 
William Cross and Sarah Cole. April L'7, 1SS3. by Thomas Rhillips. J. P. 
Alexander Crossen and l^liza Atkinson. Sept. 30, 1834. by Henry Maxwell, J. P. 
James Crossau and Elizabeth MuUin. March 9. 1S2G. by Donald MelntOsh. 

V. D. M. 
Robert Crossen and Jane Crossen. JiUie G, ISL'O. by Robert Maxwell. J. P. 

Samuel Crossau and Harriet Rioketts. .March 12. 1S33. by James McCoy. 
Henry Crouch and Rachel Hoover. Dec. 29. 1S40, by John Gruber. J. P. 
Joseph Crouch and Margaret Robinson. April IG. 1840. by Cyrus McNeely. 
Robert Crouch and Ann dray, Sept. 23. 1823. by John Rea. V. D. M. 
William Crouch and Elizabeth Fulton. April 1. 1830, by John ^k-Arthur, 

V. D. M. 
William Crow and Elenor Leslie. Dec. 25. 1823. by John C. Huston. J. P. 
Thomas Crozier and Libby Ruhart. Oct. 5. 1830. by John C. Huston. J. P. 
Abram Crum and Jane Mcllroy, March 23, 1820. by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Peter Cvum and Phebe Ann Brown. June 30. 1840. by Aaron Conaway. J. P. 
Ira Crumley and Jane Dickerson. Jan. 30. 1840. by Rev. Parden Cook. 
Samuel Crumley and Retsey Dickerson. Sept. 4. 1823. by Rev. James Roberts. 
Thomas Crumley and Elizabeth Davis. Aug 31. 1830, by Rev. Jacob Lemmou. 
Henry Crumrine and Ldyia Montz. April 2r>. 1839. by D. Rothacker. 
Benjamin Culbertsou and Naucy Moore. Nov. 20, 1830, by William Wallace. 

V. D. M. 
George Culbertsou and Sarah Crawford. Nov. 24. 1S3G, by John :Mc Arthur. 

V. D. M. 
Hugh Culbertsou and Mary Lindsey. Feb. 12, 1835. by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
William T. Culleu and Sarah Humpress. Nov. 0. 1817. by Daniel David. J. P. 
William T. Cullen and Mary Holliday. Aug. 24. 1829. by Thomas P. Jenkins. 
Elias Cullison and Polly Gridgeu. Dec. 29. 1S21, by Rev. Curtis Goddard. 
Lemuel Culver and Mary Parmer. Sept. 10. 1839. by John Rea. V. D. M. 
John Cummins and Susanna Lett. Nov. 25. 1818. by James Roberts. 
Joseph Cnmmings and Jane Foster. Feb. 7. 1839. by Rev. John Willinor. 
George Cunningham and Mary Ann Humphrey. Nov. 17. 1831. by Rev. Thomas 

James Cunningham and Anna Ekins. April IG. 1835. by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Cunningham and Nancy Sharp. Feb. 3. 1829. by William Taggart. V. D. M. 
Stephen Cunningham and Margaret Ward. June 19. 1832. by John McArthur. 

V. D. M. 
John Curry and Elizabeth Shirey. Jan. 20. 1840. by Joseph W. Spencer. J. P. 
Johu W. Curtis and Sarah Palmer. March 28. 1827. by Rev. Samuel Adams. 
Emanuel Custer and Matilda Veirs. Aug. 7. 1828. by John Rea. V. D. M. 
Emanuel H. Custer and Maria Kirkpatrick. Feb. 23. 183G. by John McArthur. 

V. D. M. 
Jacob Custer and Catherine Gutshall. Oct. 20. 1S3G. by David McGuire. J. P. 
George Damm and Elizabeth McCardle. Sept 2G. 1839. by Rev. Robert E. Car- 
rot hers. 
George Dancer and Rachel Holland. Aug. 12. 1S23. by John Hnrless. J. P. 
John Dancer and Margaret Boyce. July 10. 1823. by Johu Hurless, J. P. 


Samuel Daniel anfl Nancy Maple, Dec. 4, 1825. by Van Brown, J. P. 
Charles Darby and Eliza Ann Star, .Jan. 1, 1833, by Rev. .Jacob Coon. 
Rufus Darby and Belinda B. White, March 12, 183.5. by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Joseph Darling and Elizabeth Bedwell, Aug. 2r,, 1833. by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
John Darr and Rachel VVater.s, June 16. 1831, by John Wa'^nor, J. P. 
James Derrough and Polly Barr, Nov. 25, 1830. by George W. Bell, J. P. 

William Darrow and Bettsy , Dec. 12, 1816. by Robert Erwin, J. P. 

William Darrow and Namoi I^ukens, Oct. 2.5, 1827, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Jesse Davidson and Nancy Dinning, April 10, 1821, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Jesse Davidson and Eleanor Carey, March 31, 1836, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 
Jonah Davidson and Sally Joice, Dec. 3, 1829, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 
Lewis Davidson anrl Trolly J^ongshore, Nov, 28, 182G, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Lewis H. Davidson and Lucinda I^atham, Jan. 7, 1830, by Moses Wright, J P. 
Thomas L. Davidson and Rebecca Walker. Oct. 22, 1837, by .John Knox, J. P. 
David Davis and Mary McCuinor, Dec. 24, 1819, by Desberry Johnson, J. P. 
Evan Davis and Sarah Reed, Sept. 6, 1832, by John C. Huston, J. P. 
Ezekiel Davis and Elizabeth Wiley, Nov. 7, 1833, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Ezekiel Davis and Catherine Norn's, Sept. 7, 1837, by Rev. Thomas Foster. 
Francis A. Davis and Lucy Smith, Feb. 1, 1833, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Guian Davis and Priscilla West, Sept. 5, 1839, by James Kerr, V. D. M, 
James Davis and Nancy Baker, Jan. 18, 1838. by George W. Bell, J. P. 
Jesse Davis and Mary Ann Wallcutt, Oct. 26, 1830. by George Waddell. 
John Davis and Elizabeth Knox, Sept. 11, 1819, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
John Davis and Nancy Walker, Dec. 14, 1838, by L. G. Walker. 
Thomas Davis and Susan Spring, March 30, 1820, by John Russell, J. P. 
Thomas Davis and Eliza McClenighan, March 6, 1828, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
John Davy and Sarah Snider, Nov. 21, 1826, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Isaac Dawson and Martha Daly, Dec. 22, 1836, by Samuel Moorhead, J. P. 
William Dawson and Ann Porter, Nov. 6, 1832, by Lot Deming, J. P. 
John Day and Margaret Wilkins, Nov. 10, 1829, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Uriah Day and Luesia Keesey, June 3, 1831, by Peter Barger, J. P. 
Uriah Day and Prudence Jones, Feb. 6, 1834, by Peter Barger, J. P. 
John Deary and Polly MacCurdy, June 1.5, 1816, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Ephraim Deavenbaugh and Rebecca Redden, June 2, 1825, by J. R. Kirkpat- 

rick, J. P. 
Abraham Deens and Sarah Shouse, May 20, 1832, by John Chaffant, J. P. 
David Dehuff and Margaret Phillips. Oct. 9, 1828, by Morris Allbaugh, J. P. 
John Dahuff and Hannah Hasfilhom, Jan. 7, 1819, by William Anderson J. P. 
Samuel Delany and Albina McXeely, June 21, 1826, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Aaron Dell and Isabella Conaway, Dec. 13, 1832, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Peter Dell and Margaret Walsh, Nov 30. 1830, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Thomas Dell and Jane A. Waller, June 23, 1836, by Rev. James C. Taylor. 
Isaac Delong and Sarah Dickerson. Jan. 16, 1823, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Jesse Delong and Elizabeth Middleton. May 18, 1833, by John W. Her. J. P. 
John Delong and Demaris Delong, Dec. 2, 1838, by Levi Peddycoart, J. P.. 
George Deming and Eliza Conrad, Feb. 6, 1823, by Elias Cran, D. C. 
Treat Deming and Catherine Lyons, Nov. 28. 1837, by Rev. Richard Brown. 
Jacob Dennis and Rebecca Lyon, Jan. 11, 1827, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
John Dennis and Mary Herrel, April 26, 1840, by John Brown, J. P. 
Jacob Devon and Elizabeth Jones, M^ay 16, 1816, by David Custer, J. P. 


John Derry and Elizabeth Orr. March 1, 1832, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
John Derry and Berthia Warton, Dec. 19, 1839, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
George Denser and Sarah Little, June 27, 1826, by Henry Ford. J. P. 
Samuel Deusenberry and Susan Swallow. Jan. 17, 1840, by Rev. Parden Cook. 
Moses Devore and Polly West, January 14, 1S36, by William Arnold. J. P. 
John Dew and Winifred Kirby, March 6, 1840, by William Arnold, J. P. 
John Dewalt and Rachel McLovedy, Dec. 18, 1823, by Robert Orr. J. P. 
William Dewalt and Hannah Strausbaugh, June 28, 1830, by John Patterson, 

J. P. 

Solomon Dewel and Patience Potts, June 1, 1815, by Martin Gu 1 nger, J. P. 
John Dewell and Phebe Jolly, Jan. 30, 1828, by Van Brown. J. P. 
Samuel Dewell and Mary Vanhorn, June 22, 1826, by Samuel Dunlap, J. P. 
Chauncey Dewey and Nancy Prichard, Feb. 11. 1823, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
George Dewit and Sarah Britt, Sept. 2. 1828, by Jesse Hooper, J. P. 
John Dewit and Mary Ruble, Jan. 19, 1832, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 
Lyle Dewitt and Nancy Simpson, March 29, 1831, by John Graham. 
Robert Dick and Elizabeth Dick, April 23, 1829, by Rev. William McMillan. 
Samuel Dick and Martha Clark, May 13, 1836, by Thomas P. Jenkins J. P. 
William Dick and Sarah Biggart, Dec. 16, 1828, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Asa Dickerson and Jane Dunlap. April 27, 1836, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Eli Dickerson and Sarah Crumley, Sept. 12, 1822. by Rev. James Roberts. 
Hiram Dickerson and Mary Crumley, Jan. 14, 1830, by Thomas M. Hudson. 
John Dickerson and Eliza McFadden, Feb. 23, 1832, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Joshua Dickerson and Nancy Glasener, Sept. 21, 1820, by Thomas Dickerson, 

J. P. 
Joshua Dickerson and Belijah Lafferty, Jan. 28, 1830, by William Wallace, 

V. D M. 
Joshua Dickerson and Elizabeth Crumley, May 2, 1833, by Rev. William Tipton. 
Levi Dickerson and Margaret Hanna, Dec. 20, 1823. by Salmon Cowles. V. D. M. 
Thomas Dickerson and Mary Chew, May 6, 1819, by Rev. James B. Finley. 
William Dickerson and Elizabeth Holmes, Jan. 7, 1818, by James Roberts. 
William Dickerson and Jane Lafferty, March 8, 1838, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
William W. Dickerson and Susan Ann McCoy, Oct. 17, 1839, by James H. White. 
Benjamin Dickey and Nancy Watson, Oct. 29, 1840, by M. F. Burkhead, J. P. 
Joseph Dicks and Anna Smith, Jan. 2, 18:^6, by James Smith, J. P. 
James Dillon and Rachel McQueen, Jan. 6, 1825, by John Hurless, J. P. 
George Dinger and Mary Heisler, March 11, 1821, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Alexander Dinning and Margaret Couch, Sept. 18, 1834, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
William Dinning and Margaret Hinton, June 8, 1826, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Samuel Dixon and Delila Figley, Jan. 3, 1839. by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
Stacy Doan and Elizabeth Wells, Aug. 8, 1826, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P . 
David Dobbins and Martha Smith, Oct. 23. 1828. by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
John Dobbins and Ann McCullouch, April S, 1S19, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Matthew Dobbins and Eliza McKibbin. Feb. 3. 1820, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
James Donaghey and Ruth Loudon, Jan. 9, 1835, by Mark Hogge, J. P. 
John Donaghey and Sarah Picken, Dec. 11, 1823, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Philip Donaghey and Eleanor Auld, April 12, 1821, by Abriam Johnson, J. P. 
Benjamin Doney and Elizabeth Summers, Jan. 15, 1839, by Matthew Phillips, 

J. P. 


Samuel Doney and Mary Covert, Jan. 15, 1828, by George Brown, J. P. 
Samuel Douglas and Isabella Pritchard, March 23, 1827, by John McArthur. 
David Dougherty and Mary Davidson, March 6. 1834, by John L. Grubb, J. P. 
James Dougherty and Sarah Lucy, Sept. 22, 1831, by Elder George Lucy. 
Michael A. Dowden and Ruth Greenland, Feb. 18, 1820, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Merriam Downey and Jemima Vanhorn, April 3, 1826, by Rev. Salmon Cowles. 
Bazel Downing and Eliza Rees, Oct. 4, 1824, by Rev. Samuel Cowles. 
Richard Downes and Elizabeth McKinney, April 5, 1821, by Joseph Johnson, 

J. P. 
David Drak and Nancy Drummond, Dec. (i, 1838, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
George Drake and Rachel Johnson, March 1, 1820, by Abraham Johnson. 
Joseph Drake and Actions Greer, Sept. 23, 1827, by Samuel Dunlap, J. P. 
Samuel Drake and Susan McCarthy, June 24, 1835, by William Arnold J. P. 
Thomas Drake and Hannah Browning, Jan. 25, 1837, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
James Drummoud and Fanny Phillips. Nov. 26, 1818, by William Taggart, 
James Drummond and Lydia Ann Hutchison, Feb. 25, 1824, by William Tipton. 
Rev. James Drummond and Catherine Taggart, July 29, 1840, by Rev. William 

John Drummond and Sarah Leinerd, Jan. 6, 1818, by Charles Chapman J. P. 
Samuel Drummond and Anna Bird, April 1, 1821, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
David Duff and Jane Carr, July 11, 1815, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William Dugan and Esther Gilmore, Jan. 23, 1834. by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
Maxon Duly and Lydia Dawson, July 8, 1817, by Daniel David, J. P. 
Joseph Dunbar and Eleanor Welch, Feb. 14, 1839, by William D. McCartney, 

V. D. M. 
Archibald Duncan and Mary Williamson, April 21, 1831, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
James Duncan and Margaret Williamson, Nov. 25, 1834, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Nicholas Dunfee and Rebecca Shaeffer, March 26, 1834, by Lot Deming, J. P. 
Jesse Dungan and Margaret Grisell, May 1, 1823, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Abel Dunham and Rachel Harding, Aug. 13, 1839, by Rev. G. D. Kinnear. 
Lewis Dunham and Sarah Ann Nelson, Nov. 5, 1824, by Rev. John Crom. 
Adam Dunlap and Jane Patterson, Oct. 2, 1817, by Thomas B. Clark, J. P. 
John Dunlap and Ann Vanhorn, Nov. 2, 1815, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
John Dunlap and Betsey Berger, Oct. 4, 1819, by William Haverfield, J. P. 
Joseph Dunlap and Sarah Gilmore, May 18, 1819, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Joseph Dunlap and Mary Ann Roberts, Nov. 3, 1840, by Jacob Coon. 
Mathew Dunlap and Ann Greer, July 1, 1813, by Alexander Lee, J. P. 
Robert Dunlap and Polly Patterson. April 29, 1819, by Thomas B. Clark, 

V. D. M. 
Samuel Dunlap and Hannah Greer, May 10, 1821, by Robert McLaughlin, J. P. 
William Dunlap and Mariah Ramage, Sept. 12, 1839, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Thomas Dunn and Sarah Dorsey. March S 1S36, by Rev. Cornelius D. Battelle. 
Jacob Dunmire and Rebecca Snodiker, May 9, 1828, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Duvall and Rachel Jones. Nov. 22, 1834, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Nicholas Durbin and Margaret Oliver, May 2i, 1829, by Thomas Parkinson. 
Thomas Durban and Miram Groves, Oct. 9, 1837, by James McCoy. 
Cyrenius Dusenberry and Isabella McConkey, Nov. 3, 1836, by R. H. Sedwiclc. 

V. D. M. 


David Dvittnn and Hulda Strade, Aug. 8, -iSSQ. by Thomas Phillip. J. P. 
William Kagle.-on and Jane Gourley, March 17, 1830, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William Eagleson and Matilda Biggart, April 7, 1831, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
John J. Eager and Ann Forbes, May 26, 1836, by Richard Brown. 
James Eakins and Elizabeth Foster, Jan. 24, 1830, by John Rea. V. D. M. 
Samuel Eakins and Mary Eagleson, May 27, 1840, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William Eakins and Martha Osburn, May 10, 1886, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Aaron Earley and Rebecca Joy, Sept. 21, 1826, by James Clements, J. P. 
Aaron Earley and Elizabeth Conner, July 26, 1831, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Alexander Earley and Nancy Davis, Dec. 18, 1822, by John Russel, J. P. 
Ira Earley and Eliza Eicher, March 11, 1840, by Charles Thorn. 
John Earley and Nancy Rankin, Dec. 10, 1835, by Rev. Cornelius D. Battelle. 
Jonathan Earley and Matilda Ruby. Sept. 27, 1825, by Philip Fulton, J. P. 
Richard Easley and Elizabeth Valentine, June 11. 1827. by Rev. James Roberts. 
Isaac Easley and Mary Norris. April 8, 1830, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
James Easter and Sarah Maholm, Oct. 10, 1839, by Rev. William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Martin Easterday and Peggy Shaber, Jan. 31, 1818, by John Rinehart. 
Joseph Eastland and Mary Ann Norris, Dec. 24, 1835, by Joseph Masters. J. P. 
David P. Eaton and Eliza Jane Marshall, Feb. 28, 1839, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
Johiel E. Eaton and Sarah Coalman, March 26. 1840, by Rev. J. D. Kinnear. 
Joseph E. Eaton and Peggy Anna Ankrim, Feb. 16, 1832, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Jacob Ebert and Nancy Vandolah, April 6, 1812, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M. 
Joshua Edie and Rachel Hall, Aug. 7, 1821, by Rev. James Roberts. 
William Edgar and Betsey Kirkpatrick, Dec. 28, 1820, by Thomas B. Carter, 

J. P. 
Harvey Edwards and Edith Voshel, Oct. 22, 1839, by David Bowers, J. P 
John Edwards and Eliza Moore, June 25. 1833, by Cornelius Crabtree, J. P. 
Joseph Edwards and Sarah Barkhurst, March 20. 1834, by Rev. Moses Scott. 
John Eicher and Nancy Davis, Feb. 16, 1831, by William McMillin. 
Samuel Eiraes and Eleanor Robinson. May 5, 1831, by John Wagner, J. P. 
William Elgar and Nancy Watson, Nov. 2, 1830, by John Gruber. J. P. 
John Elliott and Susan Kendal, March 24, 1830, by Alexander Simpson, J. P. 
Martin Elliott and Mary Hawkins, Dec. 17, 1S40, by Elias Gatchel. 
Berin Ellis and Mary Ann Moffet, March 17, 1831, by Lentulus Kirk. J. P. 
Jonathan Ellis and Margaret Lister, Feb. 17, 1820, by John Russel. J. P. 
Nathan Ellis and Margaret Brian, March 26, 1835, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Washington Ellison and Sarah Kent, Jan, 29, 1834, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
George Ely and Sarah Girt, March 27, 1823, by Thomas Patton, J. P. 
Thomas Ely and Barbara Ann Moore, Nov. 8, 1827. by Michael Conaway. J. P. 
William Emmons and Catherine Bussler, Feb. 11, 1832, by John C. Huston, J. P. 
Simon Emory and Rebecca Minick, June 3, 1840, by E. Greenwold. 
Thomas Endsley and Matilda Kerr, March 4, 1824, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 
James Endsley "and Christian Baker, Oct. 29, 1829, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Asa Engle and Mary Ripley. July 9, 1818, by William Wyckoff. J. P. 
John English and Rebecca Miller, Dec. 3C, 1817, by Thomas Dickerson. 
John English and Elizabeth Baker, May 28, 1835, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Matthew English and Melila Anderson, March 14, 1839, by Thomas Phillips, 

J. P. 


Patrick English and Susanna Dickerson. Feb. 3. 1818, by Thomas Dickerson, 

J. P. 
Thomas English and Susanna Walraven, Oct. 28, 1820, by Thomas Dickerson, 

J. P. 
Jacob Ensniinger and Elizabeth Huff. Nov. 17, 1825, by James Smith, J. P. 
William Erskine and Rachel Barber, Feb. 20, 1838, by Rev. James Drummond. 
Barney Ervin and Mary Fi:;her, Jan. 1-5, 1833, by John Chalfan, J. P. 
Henry Ervin and Elizabeth Wheeler, Nov. 27, 1838, by M. B. lAikins. J. P. 
John Ervin and Nancy Carson. Dec. 8, 1S33. by Thomas M. Granfel, J. P. 
William Ervin and Anna Hardin, July 27, 1837, by Thomas M. Granfel, J. P. 
Erwin, see also Irwin. 

Andrew Erwin and Esther Mcllroy, March 6, 1821, by Rev. William Knox. 
James Erwin and Martha Dunham, Feb. 19, 1829, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Joshua Erwin and Nancy Hyret, May 23, 1825, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
William Ei'win and Sarah Dunham, Aug. 1, 1825, by Rev. John Crom. 
George Eschaltot and Nancy Hanna, Sept. 26, 1829, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 
Benoni Evans and Elizabeth Bradley, Sept, 23, 1S19, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Ezekiel Evans and Mary Simpson, Sept. 3, 1818, by Rev. William Knox. 
George W^. Evans and Elizabeth Spiker. April 15, 1838, by Rev. Jacob Lammoa, 
James Evans and Elizabeth Simpson, Feb. 13, 1821, by John Graham. 
James Evans and Willimenah Rigel, May 10, 1832, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
Mordicai M. Evans and Lydia Dillon, Sept. 26, 1825, by Silvanus Lamb. J. P. 
Robert Evans and Amanda McGrew, July 11, 1839, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Barnabas Everhart and Rachel Hofane, Aug. 3, 1813, by George Pfautz. J. P. 
David Everheart and Rachel Hicks, Nov. 13, 1819, by Rev. John Rinehart. 
John Everhardt and Cerrillah Shaw, June 20, 1832, by Charles Fawcett, J. P. 
Peter Everhart and Polly Fry. Feb. 27, 1816, by Martin Guilinger. 
Philip Everhart and Polly Carpenter, March 23, 1830, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Thomas Everhart and Mary Wheeler. Nov. 13, 1817, by Rev. M. Cole. 
John Fairchild and I>enday Welch, April 20, 1824, by Thomas Parkinson, J. P. 
William Faris and Elizabeth Riley, Feb. 13, 1831, by Thomas Phillips. J. P. 
Alexander Fawcett and Elizabeth Brooks, Aug. 16, 1826, by Josiah Foster. 
Charles Faucet and Marjery Brooks, Jan. 25, 1820, by John Graham. 
Jonathan Faucett and Caroline McGibbons, March 21, 1839, by Matthew H. 

Phillips, J. P. 
George Faulknor and Mary Hidey, Aug. 22, 1825, by Morris Albaugh, J. P. 
John Faulkner and Ellen Miller, Sept. 18, 1817, by David Custer, J. P. 
.Jonas Fayley and Nancy Johnson, March 28. 1814, by Henry Barricklow. 
William Feinery and Mary Smith, Feb. 18, 1813, by Rev. Thomas B. Clark. 
Charles Feister and Margaret Thompson, July 3, 1827, by Jesse Hooper, J. P. 
Robert Feister and Mary Crabtree, Oct. 13, 1828, by C. E. W^eirich. 
Joseph Fell and Sarah Peck, Aug. 26, 181b, by James Roberts. 
Thomas Fell and Willy Ann Gray, Feb. 15. 1827, by Rev. William B. Evans. 
Henry Feltenbarger and Susan Stonebrook, Dec. 28, 1838, by John Gruber, 

J. P. 
Benjamin Ferguson and Cynthia Haskings, Nov. 17, 1833, by Rev. Benjamin 

Hugh Furgeson and Margaret Sharp. June 12, 1832, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Macomb Ferguson and Mary Patton, June 19, 1840, by John Walker. 
Rczin Ferguson and Martha Ann Andrews, Oct. 29, 1832, by John Chalfan. 



Vincent Ferguson and Mary Araspokcr, March 19, 1835, by John McArthur, 
V. D. M. 

William Ferguson and Rebecca Walker, Aug. 18, 1831, by John Gruber, J. P. 

Benjamin Ferrell and Sarah Ann McNamee, Nov. 5, 1840, by John Knox. J. P. 

James Ferrell and Peggy Ann Cook, Aug. ]8, 1836, by William Arnold, J. P. 

John Ferrell and Jane McGoogan, Sept. 30, 1824, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 

David Ferrier and Susan Hendricks, Nov. 23, 1820, by Robert Maxwell, J. P. 

John Fife and Cassander Lyon, Dec. 23, 1828, by Robert Orr, J. P. 

Jacob Figley and Maria Shannon, July 10, 1834, by William Wallace V. D. M. 

William Figley and Margaret Chord, Aug. 11, 1823, by Rev. Curtis Goddard. 

John Finney and Betsey Cannon, Dec. 10, 1816, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 

David Finnicum and Elizabeth Lowmiller. June 29, 1828, by John Gruber, J. P. 

William S. Finnicum and Maria Richards, Sept. 28, 1822, by Robert Mc- 

Daniel Firebaugh and Caty Little. March 30, 1827, by Henry Ford, J. P. 

Jacob Firebaugh and Catherine McCarroll, Dec. 30, 1835, by Thomas Foster. 

Barak Fisher and Jane Pickering, Nov. 14, 1822, by George Brown, J. P. 

Boanaparte N. Fisher and Lydia Canagey, Feb. 17, 1836, by Rev. Alexander 

Eli Fisher and Elizabeth Maxwell, Feb. 26, 1831, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 

Garret Fisher and Ann Hamilton, Oct. 31, 1816, by James Roberts. 

George Fisher and Susanna Johnson, Dec. 24, 1818, by Thomas Dickerson. J. P. 

George Fisher and Elizabeth Burkhead, Dec. 23, 1823, by Isaac Allen, J. P. 

George M. Fisher and Anna L. Brown. Dec. 21, 1830, by John Gruber, J. P. 

George Fisher and Mary Welch, Sept. 4, 1833, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

George Fisher and Sarah Lisle, Oct. 17, 1839, by Rev. William Taggart. 

James Fisher and Ann Harrison, Oct. 13. 1815, by James Roberts. 

John Fisher and Mary Fowler, Oct. 27, 1S25, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 

John R. Fisher and Sarah Early, Oct. 21. 1830, by John Russel, J. P. 

John Fisher and Eliza Edwards, Jan. 4. 1838. by David Bowers, J. P. 

Samuel Fisher and Elenor Marshall. Nov. 4, 1824, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 

Thomas Fisher and Elizabeth Picken, Oct. 5, 1815, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 

Thomas Fisher and Elizabeth Holtzman, Nov. 5, 1829, by Morris Allbough, J. P. 

Michael Fivecoats and Nancy Cheney. Aug. 31, 1815, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 

Nathan Fivecoats and Eleanor Steel, Oct. 30, 1837, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Absalom Flemming and Sarah Wright, March 10, 1821, by John Russel, J. P. 

Robert Fletcher and Martha Moorehead, Aug. 21, 1832, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Abraham Flory and Catherine Hagney. Sepjt. 3, 1821, by John Hurless, J. P. 

Joseph Fogle and Sabra Cochran, March 27, 1836, by Thomas P. Jenkins. J. P. 

Frederick Foltz and Anna S. Williams, Oct. 11, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

James Force and Mary Williams, June 1, 1821, by John Graham. 

James Ford and Susan Delany, June 16, 1833, by John L. Grubb, J. P. 

Lewis Ford and Rebecca Dodd, April 15, 1819, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 

Richard Ford and Darkey Pierce, April 4, 1821, by Phineas Inskeep, J. P. 

Stephen Ford and Elizabeth Thompson. Feb. 4, 1838, by David G. McGuire, J. P. 

Thomas Ford and Catherine Polen, Dec. 13, 1821, by Williamson Carrothers, 
J. P. 

David D. Fordyce and Margaret Feister. June 28, 1831, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

John Fordyce and Lydia Ann Parkes, Nov. 28, 1826, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

Henry L. Foreman and Jane Cosgrove, April 25, 1833, by Thomas Lakin. 


Levi Foreman and Elizabeth Amanda Jones, March 24, 1836, by Kev. Benjamin 

William Foreman and Susanna Cummins, Sept. 5, 1839, by John Graham. 
Joseph Forker and Mary Conwell, Oct. 16, 1834, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Peter Forney and Fanny Gundy, March 20, 1823, by Rev. John Crom. 
John B. Forsythe and Christena Burkhart, June 2, 1831, by John Gruber, J. P 
Abraham Foster and Lucinda Coleman, Dec. 25, 1823, by William Holmes, J. P. 
Alansin Foster and Mary Ann Prouf, Nov. 16, 1839, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
David Foster and Jane Johnston, Feb. 24, 1831, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Eli Foster and Sarah H. Edie, Jan. 3, 1828, by Rev. William B. Evans. 
George Foster and Jane Davis, May 24, 1837, by David G. McGuire, J. P, 
John Foster and Fanny Hendrickson, Feb 14, 1822, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Josiah Foster and Rebecca Johnson, May 24, 1831, by Robert Pittis. J. P. 
Moses Foster and Hannah Randels, March 14,' 1819, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Samuel Foster and Sarah Young, May 9, 1815, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Samuel Foster and Mary Moore, March IS, 1824, by Isaac Allen, J. P. 
Samuel Foster and Anne Johnson, Jan. 27, 1831, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 
Andrew Fowler and Betsy Martin, April 26. 1821, by William Carrothers, J. P. 
Francis Fowler and Mary Giles, Nov. 4, 1830, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Garret Fowler and Hannah Eagleson, April 3, 1819, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone 
Harrison Fowler and Elizabeth Bridgeman, Oct. 7, 1839, by M. B. LuKens, J. P. 
James Fowler and Mary Gifford, Feb. 11, 1830, by Rev. John Crom. 
Joel Fowler and Esther Fisher April 20, 1836, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
John Fowler and Cassander Keepers, April 10, 1822, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone, 
John Fowler and Amanda Burchfield, Dec. 24, 1835, by Thomas Foster. 
Thomas Fox and Sarah Hartley, June 28, 1838, by George Shaffer, J. P. 
James Francis and Amelia Selby, May 21, 1813, by Rachel Hall. 
James Fransis and Nancy Boals, Aug. 11, 1835, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
James Frasure and Rebecca Erwin, June 20, 1833, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
Daniel Frester and Rachel Ann Darling, July 10, 1831, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Ludwig Frietsh and Catherine Manbeck, Feb. 21. 1832, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 
Robert Fryer and Susanna Oram, Aug. 30, 1836. by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
David Furby and Fanny Luke, Dec. 16, 1838, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
James Furbay and Beulah Stephen, May 8, 1838. by George Atkinson, J. P. 
Thomas Furbay and Margaret White, Sept. 15. 1825, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Alexander Fulton and Sarah Ramsey, Nov. 2, 1826, by Joseph Rea. J. P. 
William Fulton and Polly Moore, Oct. 28, 1823, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M. 
William Fulton and Elizabeth Pugh, May 3, 1832, by James Miller, J. P. 
James M. Galbreath and Caty Delany, Nov. 10, 1819, by Elijah C. Stone. 
Robert Galbraith and Lydia Yarnell, Nov. 27, 1820, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Samuel Galbraith and Rebecca Able, Oct. 24, 1839, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Henry Galentine and Ellen Treacle, March 5, 1838. by Mark Hogge, J. P. 
John Gallaher and Levina Young, May 10, 1832, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Patrick Gallaher and Sarah Gibson, May 15, 1819, by Phineas Inskeep. 
Patrick Gallaher and Martha Bevard, Aug. 25, 1837, by Rev. William Knox. 
Thomas B. Gallaher and Jane Farmer, Feb. 15, 1838, by Rev. Joseph Clokey. 
William C. Galaher and Eleanor Green, Dec. 5, 1839, by Rev. Parden Cook. 
John Gamble and Sarah Heck, Dec. 29, 1839. by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 
Joshua Gamble and Elizabeth Heck, March 27, 1834, by William Arnold, J. P. 
John Gant and Elizabeth Cellar, Oct. 9, 1828, by Salmon Cowles, V. D. M. 


Joseph Gant and Sarah McCUsh. June 2. 1S36. by W. B. Luklus, J. P. 

Androw Gardner and Elizabeth Riddlemoser, Nov. 20. 1S34. by George Blown. 

J. P. 
Georire Gardner and Sarah Wright. May 9. 1S2(5. by Alexander Moore. J. P. 
Isaao Gardner and Nancy Rose. May 12. ISIS, by Rev. Samuel Hamiltou. 
Lemi'el Gai'dner and Mary Derault. Feb. 10. 1S31. by Robert Orr, J. P. 
John Garner and Sarah Cusick. May t5. 1S30. by Jesse Hooper. J. P. 
Edward B. Garrett and Catherine Suddith. March 23. ISoI. by Rev. Benjamin 

John Garret and Margaret Haines. J.^n. 13. 1S20. by Phineas Inskeep. J. P. 
Joseph W. Gari-etson and Jane N. Pooi\ Dec. 15. 1S3»>. by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
John Garvin and Hannah Whan. March 11. 1S19. by Thomas Diokerson. J. P. 
John Garvin and Ag^ness Rankin. Jan. 25. 1S3S. by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Charles Gassuch and Matilda Roberts. July IT. iS2S. by Rev. James Moore. 
Amor Gatchel and Almira Moore. April 16, 1S35. by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Amos Getchell and Elizabeth Burger. June 23. 1S36. by John McArthur. V. D. M. 
Elias Gatchel and Mary Sudduth. Nov. S. 1S25. by Donald Mcintosh. V. D .M. 
Elijah Getchell and Harriett Drake. July 29. 1S27. by Philip Fulton. J. P. 
Job w:. Gatchel and Fi-ancis Clemens. Aug. 7. 1S35, by William Wallace. 

V. D. M. 
Henry Gayer and Betsey McAfee, Nov. 21, 1S33. by B. W. Viers. J. P. 
Anderson Geary and Catherine Vanhom, Nov. 2, 1S20. by Rev. Thomas B. 

Matthew Geary and Driisilla Johnson, May 1. 1S17. by John Crawford. J. P. 
James Gearwood and Mary McCleary. Oct. 19. 1S24. by John Hurless. J. P. 
B ' ■ Geasy and Juliann Ruble. Oct. 6, 1S39. by Joseph Fry. J. P. 
K. Geddes and Tamer Yarnell. Oct, 17. 1S2S. by Ezekiol Paramer. E. C. C. 

John Geddes and Julian Geddes. July 24, 1S31, by Edward Talbott. J. P. 
George B. George and Mary Warfel, March 13, 1SS4, by William Taggart. 

V. P. M. 
Edward Gibbins and Emily E. White. June 30. 1S36. by Rev. C. D. Battell. 
Henry Gibbins and Ann "\i\ilson. Nov. 17. lS3o, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
David Gibny and Rebecca Henry. Dec. 23. 1S30. by Thomas Phillips. J. P. 
James B. Gibson and Polly Ann Maxwell. Jan. 29. 1S29, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Robert Gibson and Elizabeth S. Maxwtll. Nov. S, 1S2T. by Thomas Hanna. 

V. D. M. 
Robert Gilbreath and Mary Beeman. June 5. 1S2S. by Michael Conaway. J. P. 
Thomas C. Gilcrest and Eleanor Guttery. May 26. lS3o. by John McArthur. 

V. D. M. 
James Giles and Lettice Gordon. Jan. 2S. 1S3S. by Rev. Henry Wharton. 
John Giil and Caroline Richards. Dec. IS. :S32, by Joseph Wolff. J. P. 
Charles Gillaspie and Margaret Himebaiigh. Dee. 37, 1S32. by Dewalt Rothacker. 
James Gillespie and Susan Catherine Painter, June 7, 1S32, by Rev. David C. 

John Gillespie and Tama Biggart. Jan. 16, 1S35. by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Moses Gillespie and Catherine Turner. April 16. 1S36. by David Finnicum. J. P. 
Thompson Gillespie and Hetty Chapman. Dec. 17, 1S26. by Daniel Limerick. 

E. of M. E. C, 
Cyrus Gilmore and Hannah Moore. Oct. 23. 1S34. by John McArthur. V. D. M. 
Francis Gilmore and Elizabeth Shimer, Feb. 1, 1S33, by John ?IcArthur. 

V. D. M. 


Francis Gilmore and Mary Ann PattersjoiL Aug. 29, 1839, by M. F. Burkhea<l, 

J. P. 
Nathaniel Gilmore and Mary Craig, March 25, 1828, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
William Gilmore and Polly Simson, Dec. 28, 1819, by Desberry Johnson. Esq. 
William Gilmore and Ehther McMullan, Jlarch 20, 1834, by Samuel Ram»ey, 

J. P. 
William Gilmore and Phebe West, Nov. 26, 1834, by John McArthur. V. D. M- 
George Gibson and Mary Johnson, Nov. 27, 1823, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Thomas Girt and Sally Jeffers, Aug. 10, 1820, by Williamson Carrothers, J. P. 
Mathew Givin and Sally Smith, May 18, 181-5, by Rev. Thomas B. Clark, 

V. D. M. 
James Glandon and Agnes Camahan, Sept. 15, 1840, by Rev. Alexander V.'i'json. 
Absalom Glasener and Elizabeth Pierce, Feb. 25, 1830. by R«v. Thoir^as W. 

Eli Gla&ener and Hannah Crumley, April 17, 1838, by Rev. James Drummond. 
Garret Glasner and Anne Maholm, Oct. I, 1820, by R.ev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Jacob Glasner and Rebecca Craig, March C, 1823, by Thomas B. Carter, J. P. 
John Glarner and Mary Holmes. April 22, 1819, by P^ev. .James Roberts. 
James Glasgow and Sarah Boyd, Feb. 11, 1838, by M. F. Burkhead, J. P. 
William C. Glasgow and Jane Hitchcock, June 17, 1830, by John McArthur. 

V. D. 31. 
Joseph Glenn and Anna Moore, Oct 12, 1826, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
William Goben and Elizabeth Snider, April 13, 1823, by R«v. John Crom. 
William Goben and Elizabeth Knox, Feb. 1, 1835. by L<ot Deming. J. P. 
Joseph Goff and Sarah Stone, Jan. 14, 1830, by Morris Allbaugh, J. P. 
Enoch Golden and Sarah Richards, Oct 23, 1823. by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Harlan Gcmrirj- and Marj- Clark, April 30, 1829, by Rev. William B. Evan~. 
Lewis Goodwin and 3Iimirva Webb, ilarch 17, 1836, by Gksorge Atkinson, J. P. 
Samuel Gooden and Martha R. Luke, Sept 6, 1832, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
Wilson Goodwin and Abigail Wharton, Feb. 9. 1837, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
David Gordon and Libby Archbold. June 22. 1820. by Micha^rl Conaway, J. P. 
Samuel Gordon and Betty Archbold, .Aug. 29, 1816, by William Slemmons J. P. 
James Gould and Nellie Brannon, Dec. 26, 1839, by Matthew H. Phillips, J. P. 
Michael Grable and Susan Fulton. Dec. 27, 1832, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Grace and Letitia Fancett Nov. 22. 1831, by John C Huston, J. P. 
Robert Gracey and Sarah Baraett, Jan. 23. 1818, by Charles Chapman. J. P. 
Thomas Graden and Chrissa Ann Speedy, July 7, 1840, by Rev. John Knox. 
George Graham and Elizabeth Kitt .April 16. 1838, by William Arnold. J. P. 
James Graham and Polly Biowin, April 11, 1826, by George Brown, J. P. 
Samuel Graham and Sarah Butterfield. Oct 16, 1821, by R«v. Elias Crane. 
William Granfell and Jane McMannis. Aug. 27. 1819. by B. W. Veirs. J. P. 
William GranfeU and Sarah Ann Delong. March 8, 1840. by M. B. Lukins, J. P 
Ebenezer Gray and Eliza Boland, Feb. 23, 1832. by Rev. Thomas Lakin. 
Elijah Gray and Charlotte Davis, Aug. 2-'', 1825, by T" Parkinson, J, P. 

John Grey and Marj' Moore, April 7, 18S5, bj' John . ir, V^. D. M. 

John P. Gray and Eliza Thomp.sorL Feb. 20. 1839, by John Bea, V. D. M. 
J' rjd Maria Thompson. Sept 13, 1837. by John Rea. V. D. M. 

I '. . .Ann Turner, Aug. 17, 18'.0, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

Jacob Greta and Mary Chicken, March 10, 1831, by Moses Wright. J. P. 


Nathan Green and Rebecca Perregay, Sept. 5, 1839, by Rev. Parden Cook. 
William M. Grceneltch and Jane Garrett, Sept. 1, 1836, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
George Greer and Sarah Lee, Nov. 15, 1S27, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 
Presley Gregg and Sarah Barricklow, Feb. 5, 1824, by Hugh Shotwell, J. P. 
William Gregg and Nancy Clark, Dec. 20, 1822, by Rev. James Roberts. 
David Gregary and Leetha Cecil, April lo, 1828, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
John Gregory and Sarah Cash, Aug. 8, 1P.33, by Rev. William Knox. 
William Gregory and Ann McClelland. Nov. 12, 1832. by Philip Fulton, J. P. 
Ezekiel Greweli and Ruhameh M. Covington, March 22, 1838, by Rev. Jacob 

John Greweli and Nancy Farsons, Nov. 18, 181S), by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Jonathan Greweli and Mary Dennis, Oct. 31, 1833, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Thomas Greweli and Elizabeth Sawyer, Aug. 27, 1835, by Mark Hogg, J. P. 
William Gray and Susanna Van'nbber, June 20, 1832, by James McCoy. 
Thomas W. Griffin and Mary Wilson, Sept. 29, 1830. by Joseph Wolff, J. P. 
Thomas H Griffith and Milly Jane Wright. March 27, 1838, by John McKinney. 

J. P. 
William Griffith and Deborah Moore, May 22, 1832, by Lot Doming, J. P. 
William M. Griffith and Lavinia Garretson, April 3, 1835, by George Brown, J. P. 
Zadok Griffith and Catherine Petty, Aug. 24, 1832, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
Daniel Grim and Mary Shuman, May 6, 1823, by J. Wagenhals. 
Jacob Grim and Rachel Shultz. Feb. 28, 1828, by Rev. John Hilligas. 
Joseph Grimes and Martha McCullough, Nov. 2, 1820, by Joseph Anderson, 

J. P. 
Thomas D. Grimes and Margaret Lafferty, Jan. 29, 1835, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
William A. Griphey and Margaret Hucal, Jan. 23, 1839, by David G. McGuire, 

J. P. 
Robert Grooms and Polly Smith, May 21, 1829, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
John Gruber and Margaret Tedrow, March 15, 1827, by James Manning. 
Samuel Gruber and Rachel Lower, June 4, 1823, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
Henry Grumrine and Mary Given, Sept. 20, 1838, by Rev. Adam Heiltz [Hetz- 

Samuel Gudgeon and Catherine Heffling, July 19, 1829, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
John Gundy and Sarah Ann Huston, Sept. 14, 1837, by Adam Hetsler. 
William Gundy and Susanna Cutshell, May 4, 1838, by Rev. Adam Hetsler. 
David Guttery and Mary Ann Kirkpatrick, March 7, 1820, by Desberry Johnson. 
James C. Guttery and Elizabeth Auld, Aug. 2, 1821, by John Russel, J. P. 
Samuel Gutrey and Susannah Kimmel, Feb. 7, 1819, by Martin Guilinger. 
Daniel Guttshall and Mary Hosplehorn, March 6, 1817, by William Slemmons, 

J. P. 
George Gutshall and Anna Albaugh, Sept. 12, 1822, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 
George Gutshall and Elizabeth Gutshall, June 25. 1833, by Dewalt Rothacker. 
Jacob Gutshall and Ruth Ann Matthias, April 19, 1838, by David G. McGuire. 
John Gutshall and Mary Polend, March 20, 1817, by Mordecai Cob. 
John Gutshall and Elizabeth Reeser, Nov. 4, 1830, by Dewalt Rhodocker. 
Joseph Gutshall and Mary Ann Hosterman, July 1, 1836, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Michael Gutshall and Mary Gutshall, Aug. 8, 1834, by Richard Lyons, J. P. 
Samuel Gutshall and Caty Fisher, May 7, 1818, by William Anderson. J. P. 
John Gutty and Margaret Cunningham, Oct. 10, 1815, by Henry Barricklow, 

J. P. 


Amos Gye and Anna Caliaian, Jan. 16, 1831, by George Brown, J. P. 
Lloyd Guy and Margaret Caloman, March 16, 1826, by George Brown, J. P. 
Henry Guyer and Rebecca Dewell, Jan. 2, 1823, by Robert McLaughlin, J. P. 
John Guyton and Amanda Fitzgerald, May 24, 1838, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Jesse Gwynn and Mary Ady, June 28, 1826, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
Jesse Gwynn and Nancy MuUin, Nov. 24, 1835, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
John Guinn and Edith McMillan, Sept. ]6, 1819, by Rev. James Roberts. 
John Gwynn and Gule Elma Marie McMillan, Feb. 11, 1830, by Thomas Phillips, 

J. P. 
James Hagerty and Eleanor Crawford, Jan. 9, 1817, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Abraham Hagey and Susan Harner, Dec. 17, 1829, by Jolm Gruber, J. P. 
Tliomas R. Hague and Louisa Johnson, Jan. 16, 1838, by Samuel G. J. Worthing- 

John Haley and Catherine Shuck, Sept. 16, 1832, by Charles Fawcett, J. P. 
Joseph Haley and Rebeckah Sharrin, March 15, 1816, by Elijah C. Stone. 
Hiram Haines and Mary Mastin, Nov. 0, 1820. by Thomas B. Carter, J. P. 
Jesse Haines and Nancy Milliken. April 24. 183^, by James Miller, J. P. 
John Hains and Margaret Pears, Feb. 10, 1818, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Joshua Haines and Mary Hillis, July L7, 1838, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
Nathan Haines and Phebe Morris, Nov. 28, 1839, by John Huntsman. 
Timothy Haines and Hannah Tomlinson, Oct. 1, 1829, by Rev. William B. 

Christopher S. Hall and Hannah Styres, Dec. 15, 1831, by Rev. William Knox. 
William Hall and Hannah Tipton, July 27, 1820, by Thomas Patton, J. P. 
Eli Hamilton and Mary Hilton, Dec. 24, 1S40, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
John Hamilton and Jane Laffei'ty, Jan. 1, 1829, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
John Hamilton and Elizabeth Amspoker, May 12, 1831, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Robert Hamilton and Alfreda Baily, Nov. 4, 1817, by Rev. John Rea. 
Thomas Hamilton and Effy Gourley, March 24, 1840, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William Hamilton and Mary McFadden, March 4, 1840, by Rev. Alexander 

Isaac Hammel and Jane Scott, Aug. 15, 1837, by Rev. Z. Ragan. 
Charles Hammell and Sarah Rowland, Dec. 8, 1825, by Alexander Moore, J. P. 
George W. Hammond and Elizabeth Ann Thompson, Feb. 20, 1837, by M. B. 

Lukins, J. P. 
Thomas Hammond and Sarah Bernard, Nov. 25, 1832, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
William Hammond and Jane Garrett, March 29, 1836, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
John Hanby and Mary Poland, Dec. 16, 1824, by Rev. James Roberts. 
William Hanlin and Catherine Banister, April 16, 1835, by Robert P. Simpson, 

J. P. 
Andrew F. Hanna and Susanna Craig, Jan. 13, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
James Hanna and Mary McCreary, Dec. 12, 1816, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
James I^. Hanna and Mary H. Craig, June 28, 1819, by H. H. Leavitt, J. P. 
James Hanna and Margaret Fulton, June 22, 1824, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M 
James Hanna and Margaret Rankin, Nov. 13, 1827, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 
.lohn Hanna and Margaret Wiley, May 20, 1819, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
John E. Hanna and Susan Robertson, June 8, 1826, by Rev. David McMasters. 
John Hanna and Rachel Fulton, Dec. 7, 1S26, by Rev. Salmon Cowles. 
John Hanna and Louise Perry, Dec. 26, 1839, by John Rea, V. D. M. 


Natthew Hanna and Mary Ann Orr. April 21. 1S2S, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M, 
Robert Hanna and Mary Hanna, Sept. 23. 1S23. by John Walker, V. D. M. 
Robert Hanna and Jane Cobean. March 14, 1826, by John Rea. V. D. M. 
William Hanna and Jane Caldwell. March 16. 1837, by Rev. Richard Brown. 
Travis Hannon and Ann Hannon. Feb. 25, 1823. by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Elias Harbin and Sarah Hibbs. July 12, 1834, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
Pollard Hardgrove and Maiy Ervin, Sept. 14. 1826, by George Brown, J. P. 
James Harding and Prdudence Herron, March 11, 1834, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Henry Hardy and Sarah Freeman. Feb. 10, 1825, by James Phillips. 
Andrew Harmon and Jane Wilson, Mai'ch 5. 1827. by Van Brown, J. P. 
George Harmon and Judy Whitmore, July 10, 1S17, by Henry Kail. J. P. 
George Harmon and Louisa Richard. Jan. 15. 1829, by Van Brown, J. P. 
George Harmon and Mary Ann Glasgo Belsher. May 22, 1831, by John Gruber, 

J. P. 
Jacob Harmon and Elizabeth Stephen. Dec. 28. 1819, by B. W. Veirs. J. P. 
Jacob Harmon and Elizabeth Clark. Feb. 8, 1821, by Robert Laughlin, J. P. 
Michael Harmon and Catherine Flickinger. Jan. 27, 1825, by John Wagner, 

J. P. 
Joseph Harner and Rebecca Salmon, March 12, 1835, by David Finnicum. J. P. 
Rachel Harner and John Taylor. Dec. 2. 1819. by John Rea. V. D. M. 
^James Harper and Polly Crawford. Jan. IS, 1821, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
^^amuel Harper and Cassandra Cox, Nov. 1, 1821, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Alexander Harrah and Margaret Taggart. Nov. 14. 1832. by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Charles Harrah and Rachel Sharp. March 13. 1832. by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
John Harrah and Jane Taggart, April 17, 1839, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William N. Harrah. and Deborah Delany, Nov. 25. 1830. by John Graham. 
Daniel Harriman and Mary Fulton. Sept. 7. 1821, by Phineas, Inskeep, J. P. 
Isaac Harimon and Mary Young, Sept. 2, 1826, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Robert Harriman and Ruth Cox. May 4. 1820, by Joseph Johnson. J. P. 
Joseph Harris and Nancy Johnson. Oct. 2b. 1837. by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Samuel Harris and Hannah Millison, May 17, 1836. by Mark Hogge, J. P. 
David Harrison and Louisa Haines. Dec. 27. 1832. by John Chalfan. J. P. 
Elisha Harrison and Mary Hari'ison. Aug. 29. 1816. by Thomiis Dickerson. J. P. 
Hezekiah Harrison and Lydia Hilbert, March 25. 1834, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
John Harrison and Margaret Dysart. May 12. 1819. by Thomas Dickerson. J. P. 
John Harrison and Rosanna Crosby, Oct. 8, 1829, by Rev. John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
William J. Harrison and Lydia Capper, Sept. 5, 1S20. by John Hurless, J. P. 
William Harrison and Elizabeth Morgan, Oct. 20, 1825, by J. R. Kirkpatrick, 

J. P. 
Benjamin Hart and Matilda Hibbard.. Dec. 29, 1835, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Jesse Hart and Drusilla Cash. April 5. 1838. by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Lawrence Hartnedd and Mary Burton. Dec. 13. 1820, by Joseph Hurless, J. P. 
Samuel Harvey and Mary Johnson, Dec. 20, 1821. by George Brown, J. P. 
Seth Harvey and Mary .\nn Townsend. Nov. 26, 1839, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Marcus Haskins and Isabel A. Tracy, Sept. 3, 1835, by James C. Taylor, 
s Samuel Hass and Jane Hines, April 5, 1838. by Rev. Thomas Jameson. 


James Hastings an<3 Elizabeth Cope, Oct. 22, 1840, by Charles Thorn. 
John Hastings and Jane Knox, Aug. 30, 1826, by William Wallace. V. D. M. 
James Hatton and Sarah Fuller. Dec. 14. 1815, by James Roberts. 
Robert Haughey and Hannah Wyckoff, March 13, 1817, by Thomas B. Clark. 
Jacob Haun and Sarah Stull, March 18, 1828, by Rev. John Hilligas. 
Robert Hauncher and Catherine Brokaw, Dec. 24, 1839, by Rev. Pardon Cook, 
Domnic Havner and Elizabeth Jeffers, Nov. 13, 1823, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
James Havener and R.achel Cox, Aug. 12, 1824. b.T Robert Orr, J. P. 
Alexander Haverfield and Catherine Shimer, Sept. 10, 1833, by Rev. Thomas 

James Haverfield and Mary Richey, Nov. 8, 182.5, by William Tag^art, V. D. M. 
John Haverfield and Nancy Ritchey, Nov. 9, 1835, by William Taggart. V. D. M, 
Edward Hawthorn and Nancy Wabel, Feb. 13, 1834. by Samuel Ranjsey, J. P. 
Hugh B. Hawthorn and Grisey Ann Richey, May 21. 1840, by Jacob Coon. 
William Hawthorn and Mary Ann Lemmon, April 29, 1840, by Joseph Clokev, 

V. D. M. 
John Hay and Jane Lysle, Sept. 6, 1832, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Joseph Hays and Sarah Bufiington, April 8, 1830, by Thomais P. J^enkins, J. P. 
Samuel W. Hayes and Matilda Johnson. June 4, 1835, by Rev. Robert Cook, 
Frederick Hayles and Selina Castell, Sept. 4, 1831, by Robert Pitti.*, J. P. 
Jesse Haynes and Pbebe Doney, Aug. 16. 1839, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Samuel Haynes and Anna Merrill, Dec. 18, 1823, by Joseph Frey. J. P. 
George Haslett and Catherine Gray, July 31. 1828, by Rev. W. P. E%-an8. 
James Haslett and Margaret Miller, March 9, 1836, by John Gruber, J. P. 
John Hazlett and Mary Wiles, Jan. 25, 1827, by John Wasuer, J. P. 
.lohn Heacock and Mary Bowers, March 15, 1832. by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
John Kealea and Eleanor Thomp.son, Feb. 1. 1837, by Rev. James C. Taylor, 
Thomas Healea and Rebeckah Crom. 13, 1821, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Thomas Healea and Eleanor Conwell. April 2, 1839, by William Taggart. J. P. 
Lancelot Heam and Barbara Urquehart. Jan. 17, 1822, by James McMahon, 
Jacob Heastant and Catherine Forney, June 17, 1824, by Rev. John Crom. 
John Heasten and Mary Hines, July 4. 1833, by Walter Athey. 
Edward Heath and Hannah Johnson. Dec. 29, 1825. by William Johnson, J. P. 
John Heath and Betsey Wright. July 21. 1825, by Alexander Moore, J. P. 
Abraham Heavlin and Josephine Simms. Oct. 6, 1840, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
Adam Hevlin and Lucinda McCain. Aug. 20. 1818. by William Anderson, J. P. 
Daniel Heavlin and Mary Gamble, Nov. 5, 1840, bv William D. McCartnev, 

V. D. 31. 
Jacob Heavlin and S^isannah Jones, Jan 2. 1834, by William Arnold. J. P. 
John Heavilin and Jemima Petty, Nov. 18, 1830, by George Bell, J. P. 
Samuel D. Heavlin and Margaret Bemon, Sept. 25, 1827, by Michael Conaway. 
Samuel W. Heavelin and Charlotte Ann Simes, Jan. 28, 1834, by George W. Bel!, 

J. P. 
Stephen W. Heavlin and Penelope Marshall. April 7, 1825, by Michael Conaway, 

J. P. 
George Heberling and Matilda Spurrier. July 16, 1835. by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Henry Heberling and Hannah I^wis, June 3, 183.5, by Samuel Lewis J. P. 
Hiram Heberling and Catherine Dickerson, Jan. 2, 1834, by William Arnold, 

J. P. 
Samuel Hedge and Hannah LcT.-is, Oct 12, 1826^ by Samuel Hitchcock, J. P. 


Samuel Hedge and Ann Gregory, Aug. 5, 1821, by Rev. William Knox. 
John HeDling and Elizabeth Robinson, Nov. 23, 1826, by David Winder, J. P. 
Noah Hefling and Martha Herron, Nov. 12, 1S39, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
Wesley Heffling and Sarah Eaton, Nov. 17, 1831, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Henry B. Hellyer and Mary Weyant, Dec. 7, 1837, by Rev. Adam Hetsler. 
John Hellyer and Margaret Gamble, April 27, 1837, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Isaac Hemery and Nancy McCollough. Feb. 26, 1820, by John C. Huston. 
John Hemery and Ellen Capper, Dec. 7, 1820, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 
Lewis W. Henbener and Nancy McNeal. Oct. 10, 1839, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
John Hendershot and Elizabeth Pickering, Jan. 6, 1825, by George Bi'own, J. P. 
Charles Henderson and Margaret Moodey, Jan. 21, 1823, by John Hurless, J. P. 
George Henderson and Sarah Wilson. Oct 24, 1831, by Joseph Wolff, J. P. 
James Henderson and Mary Henderson. May 4, 1837, by Joseph Masters, J. P. 
James Henderson and Susan McClintock, Oct. 16, 1838, by Rev. Robert Brown. 
John Henderson and Rebecca Adams. March 18, 1819, by John Crawford, J. P. 
Samuel Henderson and Lettice Moody, July 11, 1822, by John Hurless, J. P. 
Thomas Henderson and Dai'us Russel, May 9, 1822, by Benjamin S. Cowen, 

J. P. 
William L. Henderson and Phebe Patterson, Oct. 7, 1823, by Thomas Hanna, 

V. D. M. 
William Henderson and Jane Anderson, Dec. 19, 1839, by Rev. James Drum 

Andrew Hendricks and Betsey Rouck. Dec. 19, 1816, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
Bazell Hendricks and Catherine Gutshall, March 25, 1840, by C. H. Custer, J. P. 
Emanuel Hendricks and Eliza Thompson, Nov. 6, 1828, by Morris Allbaugh. 

J. P. 
James Hendricks and Lenea Richerson. Jan. 6, 1818, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
Peter Hendricks and Caty Webster, Sept. 21, 1820, by William Anderson, J. P. 
Thomas Hendricks and Lydia Reniker, Aug. 21, 1834, by Rev. D. Ruthacker. 
Benjamin Hennis and Edith Cornwell, March 20, 1817, by S. G. Berryhill, J. P. 
Abraham Henery and Caty Shuman, Feb. 15, 1818, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
James Henry and Mary Williams, March 28, 1822, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 
James Henry and Catherine Hendricks, May 14, 1836, by John McKinney, J. P. 
Robert Henry and Mary Ann Chaney, Feb. 2, 1837, by Rev. Adam Hetsler. 
Samuel Henry and Margaret Corbett, Feb. 18, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Smith Henry and Mary Thompson, Dec. 27, 1836, by Rev. James C. Taylor. 
William Henry and Sarah Derry, Nov. 14, 1822, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Jesse Herril and Nancy Guy, April 18, 1822, by Rev. James Roberts. 
David A. Hervey and Margaret M. Christy, May 13, 1836, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
George Hesford and Charity Bartow, Sept. 20, 1835, by Joseph Masters. J. P. 
Daniel Hess and Betsey Walters, Dec. 30, ,1824, by Rev. John Wagenhals. 
Adam Hetsler and Christena Noffsgar, March 13, 1827, by Rev. John Crom. 
William Hibbs and Sarah Hollett, Aug. 22, 1822, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Jacob Hicks and Harriet Shoves, Jan. 13, 1837, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
John Hicks and Caty Shoover, Oct. 18, 1819, by Rev. John Rinehart. 
Wilson Hicks and Mary West. Nov. 14, 1839, by Levi Peddycoart, J. P. 
Jacob Hidey and Milly Koontz. Aug. 14, 1828. by Morris Allbaugh, J. P. 
John Hidey, Jr., and Nancy Koonts, Dec. 26, 1822, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 
Thomas Hidey and Susanna Manbeck, July 30, 1833, by Thomas Day, J. P. 


Eli Hill and Mary Peiin, Aug. 23, 1S39, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

James Hill and Esther Clements, Sept. 16, 1823, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

John Hill and Sarah Cook, Dec. 1, 1836, by Henry Maxwell, J. P. 

Samuel Hill and Sarah Mx;Govarn, May 21, 1818, by Robert McLaughlin, J. P. 

Wesley Hill and Mary Aiin Buck. May 26, 1830, by Thomas P. Jenkins. J. P. 

John Hillhouse and Margaret Chamberlin, July 29, 1830, by Thomas Phillips, 

J. P. 
William Hilligas and Jane Sparrow. Dec. 28, 1839, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Tunis Hilligas and Nancy T. Lacey, Oct. 4, 1832, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Abraham Hillis and Mary Milliken, March 27, 1827, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
Greenberry Hilton and Mary Carpenter, Dec. 19, 1840, by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 
Joseph Hinds and Ann Poulson, Jan. 10, 1817, by William Dixon. 
Abraham Mines and Hannah Carson, Feb. 15, 1831, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Christopher Hines and Rebecca Heastaud, Nov. 19, 1835, by Joseph Masters, 

J. P. 
Daniel Hines and Sarah Treacle. Nov. 27, 1834, by Richard Hammond, J. P. 
Isaac F. Hines and Susan Gutshall, Oct. 25, 1838, by John Selby, J. P. 
James Hines and Hannah Mehaffy, Sept. 13, 1832, by William Tipton. 
Joseph W. Hines and Prudence Green, Oct. 22, 1840, by Rev. G. D. Skinner. 
William Hines and Eliza Hitchcock, March 11, 1833, by Rev. William Tipton. 
William Hines and Isabella Hitchcock, Feb. 15, 1827, by Samuel Hitchcock, 

J. P. 
Thomas Hinton and Elizabeth Johnson, July 19, 1823, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
William Hinton and Hannah Twigg, June 22, 1822, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
JDavid Hirschfleld and Elizabeth Beckley, Dec. 17, 1821, by John Wagner, J. I'. 
John Hiseler and Polly Bail-, April 13, r826. by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Hitchcock and Sarah Kelly, Jan. 8, 1835, by Rev. John Taggart. 
Thomas Hitchcock and Margaret Barnes, Dec. 22, 1829, by Samuel Hitchcock, 

J. P. 
James Hixon and Elizabeth Dougherty, June 16, 1831, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
John Hixon and Keziah Monroe, Jan. 10, 1836, by B. W. Viers, J. P. 
Henry Hogeland and Ruth Lyons. Oct. 11, 1832, by George W. Bell. J. P. 
James Hoagland and Harriett Smith Feb. 24, 1825, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
James Hoagland and Nkncy Keeper, June 15, 1826, by IMichael Conaway, J. P. 
Lemuel Hobbs and Julian Leek, June 24, 1827, by George Brown, J. P. 
James Hogge and Hannah Conner, Oct. 16, 1828, by Thomas J. Jenkins, J. P. 
Mark Hogge and Elizabeth Creo, Dec. 20, 1838, by Willia.m Wallace, V. D. M. 
Matthew Hogge and Jane Steel, Dec. 14, 1819, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
John Holland and Esther West, May 14, 1840, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Nimrod Holland andMary Ann Banford. June 24, 1830, by Rev. William Knox. 
James Hollensworth and Sarah Howel, Jan. 13, 1835, by Thomas Parkinson, 

J. P. 
Joseph Hollett and Elizabeth Jones, Oct. 5, 1837. by John Knox, .L P. 
Israel Holllday and Susan Palmer. April 14, 1833, U.v Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Robert Holliday and Eliza White, March 30, 1821, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Robert F. Kolliday and Anna Dick, Sept. 18, 1834, by William Wallace. V. D. M. 
Abraham Holmes and Mary Marshall, Jan. 20, 1820, by Rev. William Knox. 
Asa Holmes and Mary McCoy, Feb. 1, 1837, by Rev. James C. Taylor. 
Charles Holmes and Elizabeth Chance, July 1, 1813, by Elias Crane, Deacon. 


George Holmes and Hannah Lynn, Jan. 3, 1822, by James McMahon. 

George Holmes and Mary Clipliver, Jan. 19, 1837, by Rev. Henry Wharton. 

Isaac Holmes and Jane Vincent, March 20, 1834, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Henry Holmes and Jane Bennett, Nov. 26, 1837, by David Bower, J. P. 

Thomas Holmes and Jemina Hennis, June 28, 1829, by Rev. William B. Evans. 

Jonas Holloway and Lydia Jones, Aug. 24, 1826, by James Smith, J. P. 

Jonas HoUaway and Caroline M. Jones, Oct. 10, 1838. by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Owen Holt and Lydia Corbin, May 7, 1885, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Samuel Holt and Sarah Matson, Feb. 18, 1830, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 

Andrew Hobler and Jane Carpenter, Jan. 18, 1838, by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 

David Hoobler and Mary Lisle, Dec. 13, 1832, by Joseph Walters, J. P. 

Jacob Hoobler and Polly Shawver, June 3, 1824, by Rev. Daniel Rahauser. 

Michael Hubler and Catherina Shultz. Oct. 26, 1813, by George Pfautz, J. P. 

Daniel Hook and Frances Kelly. Aug. 16, 1832, by John C. Huston, J. P. 

James Hook and Sarah Lyle, Feb. 7, 1828, by John Huston, J. P. 

Clement HooF<^r and Rachel Armstrong, Oct. 26, 1837, by James M. Piper. 

Jesse Hooper and Abagail Shannon, Nov. 11, 1832, by Cornelius Crabtree, J. P. 

John Hooper and Jane Lazure, July 21, 1825, by Robert Fxilton, J. P. 

Joseph Hoops and Abagail Cope, Nov. 2, 1821, by Phineas Inskeep, J. P. 
'Charles Hoover and Martha Rogers, Sept. 30, 1834, by Rev. James Robertson. 

John Hoover and Margaret Poland, June 19, 1834, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Rev. K/>pe and Mary Reid, Dec. 22, 1831, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

James Horn and Eleanor Davidson, Dec. 23, 1830, by Rev. Thomas P. Jenkins. 

John Horn and Hannah Phillips, April 18, 1837, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Moses Horn and Vilinda Ann Grear, Jan. 11, 1838, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 

Noah Horn and Rebecca Tucker, May 2, 1839, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Thomas Horn and Lucinda Davidson, April 3, 1834, by James McCullough, J. P. 

Henry Hornbaker and Catherine Lightner, Feb. 4, 1830, by Rev. William Tip- 

Lewis Horseman and Isabella Murphey, Aug. 30. 1821, by George Brown, J. P. 

John Hosey and Mary Moore, April 18. 1816, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 

Jacob Hospelhorn and Rebecca Wilson, Sept. 26, 1816, by William Slemmons, 
J. P. 

John Hosterman and Polly Hoobler, Oct. 13, 1825. by John Wagner, J. P. 

Peter Hosterman and Elizabeth Lisle, Aug. 16, 1831, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Jacob Hough and Agnes Campbell, Sept. 29, 1829, by Lot Deming. 

Hillary Howse and Rachel Crabtree, Dec. 30, 1820, by Rev. Joseph Casper. 

John House and Mary Wroland, Nov. 30, 1819, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 

Nathan House and Sophia Johnson, Dec. 11, 1823, by James McMahon. 

Samuel House and Betsey Eaton, July 15, 1817, by William Haverfleld, J. P. 

William House and Matilda Cox, Feb. 28, 1833, by George W. Bell, J. P. 

Gasaway Houser and Lydia Walker, May 17, 1826, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 

William Houser and Martha McCarrol, Nov. 21, 1839, by Rev. P. K. McCue. 

William H. Houston and Eliza Pritchard Feb. 4, 1829, by W. Millan, V. D. M. 

James R. Howard and Tabathia Ann Covington, May 1, 1839, by Rev. John 

John C. Howard and Anna Cadwallader, Jan. 3. 1825, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

Joshua D. Howard and Harriett Warfel, Nov. 6, 1834, by William Taggart, 
V. D. M. 

Joseph Howell and Mary Perry, April 12, 1838, by Samuel Moorehead, J. P. 


William Howell and Jane Ellen Fraisiire, Jan. 18, 1838, by John Caldwell, J. P. 

Caleb Huff and Madelena Welch. April 25, 1839, by David Ruggles, J. P. 

Jacob Huff and Rebecca Gladden, Sept. 20, 1830, by William Arnold, J. P. 

.Joseph Huff and Hester Webb, Nov. 22, 1821, by Elder William Cunningham. 

Reuben Huff and Letty McAdow, Feb. 11, 1830, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 

Zacheus B. Huff and Margaret Donahy, Feb. 23, 1820, by Abriam Johnson, J. P. 

Benjamin Hughes and Elizabeth, Barrett, Aug. 7, 1834, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Samuel Hughes and Jane Galbraith, April 6, 1836, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 

John Hull and Elizabeth Christy, Oct. 12, 1830, by Robert Orr, J. P. 

John S. Hull and Clarissa Pritchard, March 23, 1837, by John McArthur 
V. D. M. 

Joseph Hull and Sarah Kail, Nov. 18, 1830, by Thomas Day, J. P. 

George Humphrey and Eliza Gutrldge, Dec. 31, 1820, by Rev. Joseph Casper. 

Christopher Humphreys and Catherine Noble, Nov. 20, 1834, by William Wal- 
lace, V. D. M. 

William Humphreys and Jane Law, April 11, 1834, by Rev. David C. Merriman. 

Joseph H. Hunter and Ann Walker, Feb. 14, 1839, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Thomas Hunter and Amelia Crist, Jan. 23, 1827, by James Roberts. 

Michael Huntsman and Hannah Anderson, Nov. 6, 1828, by Edward Talbott 
J. P. 

Michael Huntsman and Maria Surges, Sept. 2, 1839, by Cornelius Crabtree, J. P. 

William Huntsman and Mary Aderson, Feb. 29, 1820, by Phineas Inskeep, J. P. 

Isaac Hurless and Caty Stillwell, June 3, 1830, by Lot Deming, J. P. 

Isaac Hurless and Amma Jones. June 5, 1834, by George W. Bell, J. P. 

John Hurless and Christine Morgan, April 10, 1821, by Robert Maxwell, J. P. 

Samuel Hurless and Susanna Snider. March 24, 1818, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 

Samuel Hurless and Hannah Curry, Feb. 27, 1834, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 

Alexander Hueston and Margaret Crabtree, Nov. 21, 1821, by John Russel, J. P. 

Benjamin Hughston and Rachel Johnson, Dec. 4, 1821, by John Russel, J. P. 

Edward Hughston and Catherine Lamb, Aug. 10, 1818, by John Crawford, J. P. 

Michael Hughston and Charlotte Keller, March 10, 1818, by John Crawford 
J. P. 

James R. Hutchison and Anne Culbertson, Sept. 16, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Conn. 

James Hutchison and Mary Jamison, Oct. 4, 1838, by William Taggart. V. D. M. 

John Hutchinson and Mary Foot, Dec. 5, 1822, by George Brown, J. P. 

William Hutchinson and Elizabeth Leslie, June 28, 1835, by George Atkinson 
J. P. 

Benjamin Hutson and Ann Butterfield, Sept. 5, 1822, by Ellas Crane, D. C. 

Samuel Icenoggle and Elizabeth Kendal, May 28, 1835, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Micajah Indsley and Clarissa Hous. March 31, 1825, by John Russel, J. P. 

James Irons and Jane Titus. Dec. 27, 1838, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Thomas Irons and Mary Davidson, Jan. 13. 1825, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

Fl-ancis Irvin and Hannah Gatchel, Aug. 9, 1838, by Rev. Dyer Neal. 

John Irwin and Lena Hearn. June 15, 1826, by Thomas Parkinson. J. P. 

Robert Irwin and Mary Auld, Aug. 13, 1818. by Thomas B. Clark, J. P. 

Robert Irwin and Rebecca Law, Sept. 12, 1838, by C. C. Wierock. 

William Irwin and Mary Carnine, Nov. 24, 1818, by Thomas B. Clark, J. P. 

Robert Israel 'and Julian Heggins, Jan. 27, 1818, by David McMasters. 

John Jackson and Mary Crawford, March 19, 1818, by Thomas B, Clrrk 
V. D. M. 


Isniol Jamos }\m\ T-ydIa Ann Harrison. Poo, 7, 1SS7. by Saniuol l.owls. .1. V 
John Janjos anvl Koboooa .loUnson. t>opt, SO, ISIJO. by Jv>hn HoblUiK. .' 1' 
Kobort Jan\os and Mary Wobb, July 2. IS.y. by Uoorsv r.ivuvn. ,1. I', 
San»uol Janios and l.any Hall, Juno S, lS-5>. by William Artiold, J. V. 
Soott Jamos and Harriot Arnold, July .7, IS-O, by Thonias IV c'artlor. J. V. 
Pavid Jon\lson and Mary Jano MoKni^ht. Hoo. 30. IS"JJ. I'v Willtaui Pa^jvart, 

V. l>. M, 
IV^vid Jomison nnd Ksthor IMshop. Poo. J. IS:'!, by Jv^hn \Va;u»or. J. P. 
Jsunos Jomlssou and Harbara Uaypoit. Maroh (?. IS;M. by John MoArthur. 

V. P. M, 
W'altor Jamison and Martha Poaty. Ja!\. LM. ISJS. by Sahnon (.'owlos. V. P M. 
WtkUor Jamison s>nd Mary Snidor. J\il> IS. 1SS7. by John MoArthur. V. P, M. 
Josoph Joltors and I'arbara Mooro. Juno JO, ISl'O. by Thomas Hanna. V. P. I\l 
Oosoph JotYors auvl KUr.nboth MoCombs, Maroh ->>. ISoO, by Kobort (.trr. J, P. 
Joseph JotTivy and Savrah Ann TaUn^t. May l^. 18S7, by Gwr.sio W. Pollard. 
Jatwos Jolly and Margarot Koboooa Siu>psou, Jan. :?0. IS 10. by John Uoa, 

V. P. M. 
Samnol Jolly and l.ydta Davidson. Fob. 6. IS40, by Rov. Aloxandor Wilson 
John Jouldns and Pathorino Johnson. Poo. 27, 1.^22. by Josoph Pry. J. P, 
John Jonkius and Mary ChaUan. Pob. 14. ISoS. by Samnol Skinnor. J. P. 
John Jowol and Marjjarot Klllor. Maroh 7. lS2l>. by Rov. P>.MvJ;vmiu Wood. 
John Jobo and .\nn Misor. Pob. 2t?. ISSJ>. by Uov. Harvoy Pradshaw. 
Aaivn Johnson and Hannah Poistor. Pob. S. ISl^S, by Samuol G. J. Worthtnsxton. 
AauMi Johnson and UolHxnnv Karly. Juno 1. ISS8. by Nathan Tannohill. J P. 
Abol Johnson and Mary Hoath. May 10. 1SS2, by Kobort Pittis. J. P. 
Abol Johnson and M.irgarot GiUaspio. Pob. IM?. 1SS3. by Goors;o W. Poll. J. P. 
Abriam Johnson and l.ydia Tnrnor. Aujj. 5. IS19. by William WyokotY. J. P. 
Abraham Johnson and Mary Nowhouso. Sopt. 14. lS-4. by Ponald Molntosh, 

V. P. M. 
,\dam Johnson and Koboooa K;dj;o\vay. Oct. 2. IS28. by Josoph Pry. J. P. 
Aloxandor Johnson and S;nah l.athraui. Poo. 20. IS3S. by Uiohaul iiammoad. 

J. P. 
Andivw Johnson and Margarot Humphrios. Oot. 24. 1S33. by Kov. P C Morry- 

Poixjamln Johnson and Eurith Davis, Fob. 17. 1S25. by John RnssoV. J. P. 
Ponjamin Johnson and Sarah Prabtroo. .\pril IL\ 1,^32, by Kov. Jaoob Poninum. 
Ponjamin Johnson auil Kaobo Shannon. Juno 2S. IS3S. by Kov. Jaoob Pommoa. 
Ik^njsunln Johnson and KUsaboth Oillospio. Oot. 15. 1840. by Rev. Lowls Jonny. 
Charlos Johnson atxd Pli;-.aboth Coaltrap. May P5, 1S22. by Josoph Johnson. J. P. 
Charlos M. Johnson and Hanna A. Gray. Poo. 13. 1832. by Pdward "Palbott. J. P. 
Cyrus Johnson and Maria Johnson. Fob. 21. 1834. by Jamos MoPollongh. J. P. 
Davis Johnston and Kaohol Paldwoll. Jan. 1.=^. 1830. by Povi Poddyooart. J. P. 
Pisbury Johnson and Mar> Poopor. Juno 20. 1817. by William Slommons. J. P. 
Klias Johnson and Eliza Hido. Maroh 23. 1810. by Josoph Johnson. J. P. 
Elias .Tohnson and Anna Harvoy. Poo. 23. 1831. by John OhaiT.m. J. P. 
Kmon Johnson and Louisa Purgoss. Poo. 2S. 183,=i. by Rov. Jamos 0. Taylor. 
Gabriol Johnston and Nanoy Suddoth. Poo. 31. 1810. by Oharlos Oh;vpman. J. P. 
GiH>rs:o Johnston and Jane Graco. Sept. 20. 1830. by Thomas 'l^ompson. 
Grilhn Johnson and Mariah Groves. Oct. 28. 1838. by Rov. Jaoob Lommon. 
Honry Johnson and Mars:arot Gibson, May i;. 1824. by Jamos Smith. J. P. 


llo'/Ai'S .](th:i;'.<>u uri'i Jari', '.-AfWiuy'iri, Apni 2'.',. W/t'/, ,rj .iniiii ,VJ'; A ;'.;>')/, V it '.A. 
Ixaac .]<)\.u<(in nif] S-.iiif.y .taUtiHon, F<;b, H, Wl'), by Jatnt'-n HtniiU. J. f. 
.\A<:()h JohrjHon and Mary M':Mlll'fn, Vtth. 1«}, 18:{2, by f^<v, Jacob />;rnmori, 
Jam<»« JohriKOD and .fan'; donUm, July 2'.f, 1813, hy 'A'fllfar/j Harnhlll, J, P. 
./arii'iH JohjiHof) and .Janilrna Griffln, Auj?. 22, 18K, by WIIDarn V/yck/iff, J, J^ 
.liiwii JohnKon and iCUmnor Mowd<;r, ilarf-Ai 2'.f, 1820, by -lohn iiUHUt'A, .1. V, 
JarrXfH .foiiriH'in and Jan^i Carr, AprH 4, 1822, by IMi'^ti. iA'A/xnviUWn, J, P, 
JaffKiX J'. .fohuKoii and Ko«';«.ta HrnHb, VIar';h 2, 1824, by DonaXd iA<AnUt*\\, 

V. !>». M. 
.Jarn'fH .lohnmin and Nanry !U'Awt-l[, Jun'; 14, 1827, by Thomas P, .JankUtn, ./. 1', 
Jam<;K I'. JohiiHon And Hannah Jan<j Boyd, IJ<^sc, S, 18;}f5, by John McArthor, 

V. f;, M. 
John JohnKon and R';b';C';a Johnnon, March 29, 181'?, by Jt'rv. M. Cole. 
John ./ohnKon and HuHan Anithr, Auj?, 15, 1816, by P<;)U;r .lohuwm, i, P, 
John I{. .lohu-.'in and Karah Unic*;, April 2fi, 1828, by Wiiliarn M<:Minan, V. D. M, 
JoK'iph JohnKon and lU-Xn<;y i-'AUAX, (M-t. \'.i, iHl'i. by Jixfit'tn iUAj'rrlH. 
JoH<;ph P. AoUnaon and .ian<; I>jnK, Oct. 19, 1837, by B<;v. ftobftrt Cook. 
JoH'rph J';hn-:on and f;-;ah'd Vajibind'rr, I)«!C, <?, 1838, by WiJII;: " - J. 1'. 

Lf;wi« .\<Aiu-:<iu null KJizab'jt.h Vanhom, IJ<;C, 2.^, 183'-*, by Jt';v. i .it, 

Matthew John»on and Nancy Wtdch, Dec. 17, 1840, by William D. McCartney, 

V. J). M. 
Nathan JohnH^m and Jane Maria Auld, Dec. 10, 1818, 1/y WJlJIam Ta^ijart. 
Jtobert JohnKon and Margaret Bell, March 22, 1832, by George W, IVill, .1. P. 
Harnuel AohnHt/m and KlJ/.abeth Milliken, Feb. 8, 182.v, by IU>bert Maxwell, .f. P. 
H.'irnuel K. J(Atn-^Um and Ji<;becca iiarnhill, July 20, 182<5, by V/iJiiam Wallace. 

V. D. M. 
Bamuel I{. .foYitmm and Eleanor Thomj/w^n, Feb. 1!:^, 182{>, by WlJlIarn McMillan, 

V, D. M. 
Harnuel Johnwon and Itfichel 'Clark, Feb. 21, 1832, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
Karnuel Johnson and Jane WellB, Jan. 10, 18-3«, hy William 'ra;<gart, V. D. M. 
'J homaK Johnnon and Jane Cilmore, July &, 183.v, by John I>ayf>^irt. J. P. 
•Jhomar; John, on and UtAt'-JAtin MarKhall, April li>, 1838, by .Han. - J. P. 

Thomaa .iohuvMn. and Hhoda Crabtree, Aug. 27, 1840, by Rev. i^. . . , , . .x. 
William Johnnon and Sarah Ruby, fiept. 3, 1818, by Willianj Wyckoff, J, P. 
William C. John»on and Jane McFadden, Jan. 2.5, 1830, by William Taggart, 

J. P. 
Zacharlah Johnaon and SuHan LInd»ey, Auj?. 5, 1830, by Thomatt PhllllpK, J. P- 
Daniel JoJby and Mary Mapel, April 10. 1823, by RfAjtrrt. lAfA. J. P. 

John .Joria>; and DetKo-y nnfisfiW, n':i>i. t't, 1824, by Rev, D. i' t, 

Calvin Jones and Rachel Kyaloger, Nov. 13, 1834, by John McArtbur, V. D. M- 
J^aniel Jonex and Amelia Downing, .March 2.'}, 1830, by Rev. ThomaK 8. Taylor. 
George Jon'ru and Ku'-jan Turner, Ja,^. 28, 1818, by John Crawford. J. P. 
Henry Jonea and R/;becca Ann Hufsfm, Nor. 16, 1834, l>y R>f;v. Jacob I>?n)mon. 
Isaac Jo " ' ah KtAhAH, Dec. 10, 1840, by Thomnn ph - ' P. 

Israel .1 nena Ann llnnton. Dec, 18, 183^, by Sarr. .nor, J. P. 

Jacob JoneK and Mary Creal, >7arch 2, 1837, by Rev, Henry Wharu»n. 

Jameu Jones and f-: '?' " rv.on, March 23, 1820, by Jac^,»b Young. 

James JoncH and ', .lian, March 7, 1823, by Joseph John»on, J. P. 

JameH Jone-H and Lucy Hhiium, Jan, 14, 183'5, by Itev. Jaco^j I>;mmon. 
John D. Jones and Anna Cecil, Feb. 2, 1832, by Philip FhUjju. J. P. 


Perry Jones and Margaret Clark, Oct. 23, 1823, by John Ruasel, J. P. 
Peter Jones and Catherine Shivers, Sept. 9, 1827, by John Carson, J. P. 
Rees Jones and Ann Moreland. April 1, 182.5, by Arch. McGrew, J. P. 
Samuel Jones and Margaret Rankin, Feb. 25, 1836, by John Bethel, J. P. 
Samuel Jones and Sydney Musgrove, May 25, 1840, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Thomas Jones and Susanna Edwards, April 12, 1836, by Jesse Merrill, J. P. 
Thompson Jones and Mary Merrvman. Nov. 26, 1840, by Aaron Conaway, J. P. 
Wesley Jones and Maria Medley, March 26, 1833. by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
William Jones and Peggy Case. Jan. 2, 1833, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
George Joy and Elizabeth Early, March 30, 1826, by Rev. William B. Evans. 
Adam Junkins and Archra Burkhead, Jan. 8, 1818, by William Haverfield, J. P. 
Daniel Justice and Polly Daly, May 21, 1828, by John Secrest. 
Abraham Kail and Polly Traner, June 15, 1819, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
Adam Kail and Elizabeth Wiands, Nov. 1, 1827, by John C. Huston, J. P. 
Frederick Kail and Elizabeth Wilson, Aug. 11, 1S34, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Gabriel Kail and Betsy Devore, July 13, 1815, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
John Kail and Sally Arnold, Sept. 5, 1816, by Henry Kail, J. P. 
Daniel Keeser and Polly Springer, Nov. 28, 1816, by Thomas Fisher, J. P. 
Henry Keesey and Margaret Layport. May 24, 1838, by Aaron Conaway, J. P. 
Alfred M. Kelly and Velleriah E. Dunn, March 8, 1838, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Justice Kelly and Rebecca Courtright, Oct. 22, 1840, by George Atkinson, J. P. 
Philip Kelly and Mary Barnhouse, Jan. 17, 1828, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
Robert Kelly and Sarah Rutledge, May 23, 1833, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
Thomas Kelly and Almeda Campbell, March 19, 1833, by Rev. James Robertson 
John G. Kemp and Margaret Bricker, March 13, 1829, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Joseph Kenagy and Nancy Mowrey, April 19, 1831, by Rev. William Knox. 
Levi Kenagey and Rachel Berger. June 24, 1831, by Rev. George Lucy. 
Ahio H. Kennedy and Elizabeth Harvey, Dec. 26, 1833, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
Carvill G. Kennedy and Mary Latham, Dec. 1, 1836, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
Henry Kennedy and Mary Spring, Dec. 27, 1832, by John Chalfan, J. P. 
James Kennedy and Maria Johnson, Jan. 16, 1823, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Napoleon B. Kennedy and Mary Gilmore, Oct. 24, 1826, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Return Matthew Kennedy and Jane Moore, Feb. 19, 1824, by Joseph Fry, .1. P. 
William Kenneday and Sarah Wyckoff, Feb. 4, 1819, by James McMahon. 
Abner Kent and Dianna Heavlin, May 26, 1829, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Absalom Kent and Isabella Worth, Oct. 4, 1821, by Thomas Patton, J. P. 
Absalom Kent and Mary Walker, Dec. 5, 1833, by John McArthur, V. D M. 
William Kent and Catherine Baker. June 22, 1820. by William Carrothers, J. P. 
Samuel Kernaghan and Betsey Williams, Aug. 13, 1832, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Edward Kerr and Lucinda Fletcher, July 23, 1823, by John Russel. J. P. 
John Karr and Catherine A. Gossone, Dec. 31, 1829, by John McArthur, V D. M. 
John Kerr and Martha Wiley, Nov. 28, 1833, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Robert Karr and Mary Endsley, April 7, 1825, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M. 
Thomas Kerr and Nancy Cobean, Feb. 13, 1834, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Andrew Keys and Minerva Young, Jan. 21, 1830, by John Gruber, J. P. 
George Kidwell and Elizabeth Gatchel, Jan. 13. 1825, by Isaac Allen, J. P. 
Daniel Kilgore and Mary Pritchard, April 14, 1816, by Walter B. Beebe. J. P. 
Robert S. Kimber and Rachel Scole, May 25, 1823, by Rev. Samuel Brockunier, 


Frederick Kimmel and Elizabeth Yingling, Jan. 12, 1826, by Henry Ford, J. P. 
Henry Kimmel and Christena Geddinger, .Tune 27, 1813, by Rev. John Rinehart. 
Henry Kimmel and Sarah Nop, Feb. 20. 1840, by Thomas Finnicum, J. P. 
John Kimmel and Eve Tanney, Aug. 6, 1813, by Rev. John Rinehart. 
Jonathan Kimmel and Maria Nop, Jan. 31, 1837, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Hamilton King and Sarah Easlick, Dec. 22, 1831, by Rev. John McAithur. 
John King and Sarah Ann Ellis, June 7, 1833, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Charles Kinsey and Tabitha Gutshall, Sept. 20, 1827, by John Carson, J. P. 
John Kinsey and Mary Burrows, Jan. 10, 1828, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 
Thomas B. Kinsey and Sarah Kerr, Dec. 17, 1832, by David C. Merriman. 
Ephram Kirby and Elizabeth Bair, May 17, 1832, by Lot Deming, J. P. 
Isaac Kirby and Elizabeth Waters, Dec. 14, 1824, by J. R. Kirkpatrick, J. P. 
James Kirby and Christiann Hester, April 18, 1830. by Rev. John Wilson. 
John Kerby and Maria McMillan, Aug. 30, 1835, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Erastus U. Kirk and Mary Ann Price, Sept. 15, 1831, by Thomas P. Jenkins, 

J. P. 
Joshua Kirk and Hannah Moffit, April 7, 1832, by George Brown, J. P. 
Samuel Kirk and Polly Hukill, Nov. 17, 1830, by John Mc Arthur, V. D. M. 
Israel Kirkpatrick and Mariah Ward, Jan. 8, 1823, by B. W. Veirs. 
James Kirpatrick and Catherine Clifford, Feb. 19, 1829, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
James Kirkpatrick and Eliza Mahafey, Sept. 9, 1831, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
John Kirkpatrick and Hannah Fulton, Feb. 19, 1835, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
James Kirkwood and Polly Sheeley, Feb. 1, 1827, by Samuel Dunlap, J. P. 
Jacob Kitch and Mary Winnings, June 18, 1818, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Klinger and Sabina Brown, Nov. 13, 1838, by John Knox, J. P. 
Immer Knight and Rachel Ross, Jan. 8, 1838, by Richard Hammond, J. P. 
Daniel C. Knock and Phebe Easley, April 19, 1831, by Thomas P. Jenkins. J. P. 
William Knock and Maria Stanley, April 17, 1834, by John L. Grubb, J. P. 
John Knox and Mary Davis. Oct. 12, 1819, by Jacob Young. 
Thomas Knox and Eleanor Simpson, May 28, 1829, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
William Kyle and Jane Slemmons, April 16, 1839, by W. D. McCartney. V. D. M. 
Amos Lacy and Catherine Ridgway, April 8, 1824, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
John H. Lacy and Juliann Hicks, July 10, 1817, by Elias Crane. 
John S. Lacey and Ann Janette Hoyt, Dec. 31. 1820, by Rev. William Knox. 
John M. Lacy, and Anne Wallace, June 1, 1835, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Thomas S. Lacey and Patty Ward, Feb. 13, 1830, by Morris Allbaugh. J. P. 
Edward Lafferty and Margaret McFadden, Oct. 14, 1813, by Thomas B. Clark, 

V. D. M. 
Edward Lafferty and Susanna Dickerson, Dec. 24, 1835, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
James Lafferty and Mary Patterson, Dec. 15, 1831, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Samuel Lafferty and Elizabeth Mansfield, Dec. 30, 1824, by Rev. William Wal- 
John M. Laird and Eleanor Martin, Jan. 12, 1830, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Michael Leard and Ann Hitchcock. Oct. 16, 1817, by Robert McKee. 
Amos Laizure and Martha McCuUough, Jan. 1, 1827, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 



Elijah I-aisure and Louisa Chapman, Jan. 1, 1835, by Rev. D. C. Merryman. 

Elijah Laisure and Elizabeth Moore, Jan. 31, 1837, by Rev. James C. Taylor. 

William Laizure and Jane McCullough, Nov. 7, 1822, by Joseph Anderson. 

William Laizure and -Ann Chinneth, March 19, 1840, by William Cobb, J. P. 

Jacob Lamb and Elizabeth Adams, April 16, 1819, by John Crawford, J. P. 

Jacob Lamb and Mary Ann Williams, Feb. 2, 1832. by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 

John Lamb and Nancy Knight, Nov. 21, 1817, by John Crawford, J. P. 

Lawrence Lamb and Matty Burtch, Nov. 3, 1815, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 

Sylvanus Lamb and Isabella , Nov. 3, 1819, by Rev. James Roberts. 

Timothy Lamb and Darkey Robinett, Aug. 14, 1817, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 

John Lanning and Susaji Woodward, Dec. 30, 1830, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 

John Lannum and Polly Havenner, May 13, 1819, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Walter Lannum and Ann Ellen Havener, Aug. 3, 1820, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 

John Lantz and Elijah Fulton, Dec. 6, 1837, by Rev. Thomas Foster. 

William Lance and Susan Glandon, Oct. 2, 1838, by Rev. Parden Cook. 

Thomas Lakin and Margaret Staats, April 10, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Thomas N. Lakin and Mary Ann Pepper, Oct. 31, 1836, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

William Lakin and Luesa Packer, Jan. 19, 1836, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 

James Larkins and Rebecca Sharp, Sept. 1, 1831, by Thomas Day, J. P. 

Townsend T. Larkin and Rebecca Boothe, Dec. 30, 1830, by Edward Talbott. 
J. P. 

Washington Larkin and Martha Dillen, May 16, 1822, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 

Warner J. Larimore and Rachel HoUet, April 26, 1838, by .John Knox, J. P. 

Robert Lathan and Susanna Davidson, March 24, 1831, by Moses Wright, J. P. 

Benjamin Latimer and Elizabeth Miller, March 24, 1835, by Rev. James Robert- 

David Laughlin and Eleanor Cox, April 20, 1831, by John Busby, J. P. 

James W. Laughlin and Sarah Kerr, Feb. 8, 1837, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Henry Law and Elizabeth McMillan, Dec. 18, 1839, by Richard Brown. 

Matthew Law and Rebecca Birney, March 30, 183G, by Rev. John P. Kent. 

John Lawrence and Elizabeth Kerr, Dec. 19, 1822, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 

Stephen Lawrence and Elizabeth Smith, Nov. 22, 1834, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 

Michael Lawver and Mary Bro\\fcri, Dec. 26, 1837, by David Bowers, J. P. 

Solomon Lawver and Sarah McDaniel, Oct. 22, 1833, by Rev. Alexander Biddle. 

Abraham Layport and Nancy Christy, Oct. 9, 1828, by John Carson, J. P. 

Charles D. Layport and Sarah Wallace, May 17, 1832, by John McArthur, 
V. D. M. 

George Layport and June Leeper, July 8, 1824, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 

George Layport and Ann Johnson, Feb. 12, 1829, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 

Isaac Layport and Margaret Hitchcock, Sept. 21, 1830, by Peter Barger, J. P. 

John L. Layport and Verlinda Harrison, March 16, 182'6, by Alexander Moore, 
J. P. 

Samuel Layport and Nancy Mowder, Sept. 17, 1826, by Samuel Hitchcock, J. P. 

William Layport and Hannah Milliken, Dec. 31, 1833, by Rev. Robert Cook. 

Jonathan Leass and Martha Medley, June 15, 1837, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

David Lee and Julian Dobbins, April 8, 1827, by Van Brown, J. P. 

James Lee and Jane Martin, Dec. 23, 1819, by John Walker, V. D. M. 

John Lee and Margaret Kail, Nov. 7, 1835, by James Endsley, J. P. 

Martin Lee and Sarah McClelland, June 19, 1828, by John Carson, J. P. 

Thomas H. Lee and Ann Bockias, May 5, 1831, by Joseph Wolf, J. P. 


William Lee and Maria Pritchard, March 23. 1824, by Donald Mcintosh, 

V. D. M. 
William Lee and Mary Dickerson, Feb. 18, 1839, by William Wallace, V. D. Ai. 
James Leech and Anna Teets, Sept. 22, 1835, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
John Leech and Fanny Boals, June 6, 1822, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
James Leeper and Hannah Wright, Dec. 26. 1833, by Rev. David Wortman. 
Moses Leeper and Rachel Keer, Nov. 12, 1840, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Samuel Leeper and Lavina Connell, Nov. 24, 1833, by Thomas M. Cranfel, J. P. 
William Leeper and Rebecca Johnson, March 28, 1826, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
Jesse I^egget and Elizabeth Jane Robey, Dec. 24, 1835, by Rev. Moses Scott. 
John Ligget and Rachel McAfee, June 22, 1837, by David G. McGuire, J. P. 
Joseph Leggit and Mary Nelson, Jan. 8, 1818, by William Anderson, J. P. 
Samuel Legget and Jane Stackhouse. July 28, 1831, by John Watson, J. P. 
Thomas Ligget and Rebecca Gillis, May 29. 1828. by Rev. Thomas Hunt. 
Henry Leinard and Margaret Moore, Feb. 24. 1825, by Rev. William Wallace. 
Jacob Leinard and Esther Ruby, May 8, 1838, by Samuel G. J. Worthington. , 
John Leinard and Sally Dugan, Dec. 24, 1818, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Samuel Leinard and Rebecca Reed, July 3, 1833, by William Arnold. J. P. 
Abraham Lemaster and Nancy Barnes, Jan. 8, 1824, by Hugh Shotwell, J. P. 
Ebenezer Lomaster and Rebecca D. Nixon. Aug. 27, 1840, by Thomas Phillips. 
John Lemaster? and Mercy Johnson, March 21, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
William Lemaster and Elizabeth Busby, Nov. 28, 1839, by Thomas PhilMns, 

J. P. 
Griffith Lemmon and Margaret liemmon, Oct. 21, 1835, by B. Mitchell, V. D. M. 
Abraham Lett and Eleanor Beard, Feb. 2, 1821, by Phineas Inskeep. 
Elizas Lett and Elizabeth Calliman, April 26, 3 821, by Thomas Dickerson, J. P. 
Mesheck Lett and Amelinza Wallace, May 21, 1821, by Thomas Dickerson, J. P. 
Samuel Lett and Jane Bull, Nov. 25, 183 8, by James Roberts. 
Curtis Lewis and Ellen Runnells, Nov. 14, 1836, by James C. Turner. 
Davis Lewis and Mary Ann Ames, March 23, 1836, by Thomas Parkinson, .7. P. 
Elias M. Lewis and Mary Dickerson, Sept. 1, 1836, by George Atkinson, J. P. 
Ephraim Lewis and Elizabeth Likes, Jan. 20, 1820, by Desberry Johnson, Esq. 
Ira Lewis and Sarah Wilson, Jan. 10, 1833, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Isaac Lewis and Lydia Gummere, Nov. 16, 1836, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
James Lewis and Rebecca Gregory, Aug. 8, 1833, by Rev. William Knox. 
Jesse Lewis and Catherine Kent, Sept. 12, 1839, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Morgan Lewis and Sarah Lewis, July 14, 1835, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Pinkney Lewis and Jane Anne Adams, Dec. 22, 1829, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Samuel Lewis and Sarah Moore, Sept. 1, 1825, by John Graham. 
Samuel Lewis and Susanna Cash, Dec. 14, 1833, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Syra Lewis and Sarah Ann Grizei. March 14, 1839, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Thomas Lewis and Rebecca Heberling, March 16, 1S37, by George Atkinson, 

J. P. 
William Lewis and Nancy Crawford, Oct. 1, 1829, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Zedekiah Lewis and Isabel Connel, .July 22, 1829, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 
George Licester and Margaret Norris, June 21, 1838, by John M. Brown, J. P. 
James Likes and Mary Cunningham, Feb. 27, 1817, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Samuel Licks and Sarah Speck, March 28, 1816, by Richard Price, J. P. 
Simon Linder and Milly Christian, Sept. 11, 1834, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 


David Lindsey and Martha Orr, Jan. 30, 1823, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
John Lindsey and Anne Biggart, Feb. 17, 1831, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Samuel Lippencott and Elizabeth Givens, Dec. 15, 1821, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Job Lisiter and Mary Blackiston, Feb. 28, 1833, by T. P. Jenkins, J. P. 
John Lyle and Siisanna Slemmons, Oct. 29, 1829, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
John Lisle and Eliza Ann Johnston, April 4, 1831, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Robert IJsle and Polly Slemmons. March 10, 1818, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Robert Lisle and Elizabeth Campbell, Nov. 15, 1837, by Samuel IMoorehead. 

J. P. 
Samuel Lisle and Jane Fosbinder, Sept. 14, 1824, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M. 
John Lissler and Susanna Markley, April 26, 1821, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 
John Ijister and Catherine Springer, Sept. 11, 1827, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
3David Little and Christina Shaffer, Nov. 25, 1824, by Rev. John Wagenhals. 
James Little and Lydia Swigert, Nov. 29, 1826, by Joshua Munroe. 
John Little and Rachel Williamson, Sept. 4. 1838, by William Waller. V. D. M. 
Manuel Little and Margaret Fulmer, July 15, 1833, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 
Robert Little and Elizabeth Fissel. Sept. 27, 1827, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Solomon Little and Sarah Richard, Sept. 27, 1829, by Rev. John Secrest. 
William Little and Charlotte Burger, July 12, 1826, by Henry Ford. 
Jacob Livergood and Cateherine Miller, Feb. 28. 1837, by Rev. Abraham Keller. 
Cyrus M. Livingston and Catherine Bosley. Sept. 5, 1837, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Lock and Agness Maxwell, Oct. 4, 1827, by John Busby, J. P. 
William Logan and Margaret Figley, Nov. 18, 1834, by John W. Her, J. P. 
Richard Loney and Rebecca Kirkpatrick, Aug. 31, 1824, by Isaac Allen, J. P. 
Andrew Long and Rebecca Little, Dec. 29. 1827, by John Hagey, J. P. 
John Long and Susannah Shearer, Jan. 20, 1839, by Abraham Keller. 
William Long and Elizabeth Braden, Feb. 3, 1825, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 
John Longeley and Mary Wood, Nov. 8, 1826, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
John Loos and Ketherine Lowmiller, July 7. 1816, by Rev. John Rinehart. 
Joseph Loper and Sarah Ann Summers. April 1, 1834, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
John Lovall and Pemby Parsons, July 13, 1815, by Rev. James Roberts. 
John Losey and Mary Martin, April 17, 1834, by James McCollough, J. P. 
Robert Loudon and Polly Shroyer, Sept. 28, 1825, by David Winders, J. P. 
Edward Loughrige and Margery McConnell, Feb. 10, 1824, by John Conaway, 

J. P. 
James Laughridge and Anne Henderson, Dec. 20, 1836, by David G.- McGuire, 

J. P. 
Matthew Loughrige and Nancy Hendricks, Aug. 28, 1834, by Lot Deming, J. P. 
Moses Louthan and Rachel McGoogan, Dec. 31, 1829, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
James Love and Jane McFadden, April 11, 1839, by William Taggart, J. P. 
George R. I^ovett and Mary Ann Vanhorn, Dec. 19, 1838, by Charles Thorn. 
David Lower and Rachel Reed, May 25, 1820, by Thomas Patton, J. P. 
Heni-y Lowmiller and Eve Hagey, Aug. 18, 1825, by Rev. John Wagenhals. 
Joshua Lowmiller and Mary Snider, Aug. 29, 1839, by Andrew Lynch, J. P. 
Dennis Lowry and Dianna Spiker. Jan. 6, 1825. by John Conaway, J. P. 
Harrison Lawrey and Comfort Twigg, Aug. 17. 1826, by Isaac Fordyce, Esq. 
George Liikens and Nancy Tipton, Dec. 4, 1828, by Michael Conaway. J. P. 
Jacob C. Lukens and Sarah C. Bliss, May 27, 1830, by Thomas McCleary. 
Merican Lukens and Mary Hanna, Jan. 8, 1832, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 


Andrew Lynch and Nancy Peoples, Dec. 12, 1S32, by Rev. James Robertson. 
Charles Lyon and Mary Salmon, Oct. 31, 1839, by John Griiber, J. P. 
James Lyons and Nancy Ramsey, Oct. 2, 1817, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
James Lyons and Ruth Walters, May 12, 1831, by Michael Conaway J. P. 
John Lyons and Mary Miles, Dec. 4, 1817, by Rev. John Rea. 
John Lyons and Margaret Rsed, March 5, 1822, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Lyons and Susanna Forbus, May 21, 1835, by Rev. James Robertson. 
Richard Lyons and Nancy Veirs, May 27, 1830, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Robert Lyons and Anne Rowland, Aug. 7, 1832, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Samuel Lyon and Lydia Stone, May 12, 1832, by Rev. Eliza C. Stone. 
William Lyons and Hannah Robb, .Jan. 1, 182S, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
George McAdams and Ann Jane Moore, Jan. 22, 1840, by Hugh Parker, V. D. M. 
James McAdams and Catherine Simmons, Aug. 28, 1830, by Lot Deming, J. P. 
John McAdams and Susan Dunlap, March 12, 1829, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Hugh McAdoo and Cady Hyde, Dec. 31, 1819, by Abram Scott, V. D. M. 
James McAfee and Lettice Gorden. June 2, 1840. by Joseph W. Spencer, J. P. 
Hamilton McAlhanney and Sarah Reaves, Feb. 20, 1834, by Rev. Jacob Lem- 

Samuel McBarnes and Mary Maxwell, Nov. 8, 1838, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
John McBean and Belinda Johnson, March 8, 1829, by Rev. Thomas T. Taylor. 
James McBeath and Martha Burns, Nov. 22, 1831, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
John McBeth and Mary Webster, April 18, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Cozad. 
Alexander McBride and Emily Medley, March 29, 1838, by Rev. Benjamin 

Robert McBride and Agnes Harriman, Dec. 24, 1833, by Thomas McCall, J. P. 
George McCalester and Lucy Shuck, Aug. 7, 1817. by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
John McCall and Elizabeth Atkinson. May 9, 1833, by John Walker, V. D. M. 
John McCamis and Mary Morrison, June 18, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Robertson. 
John McCandless and Mary Ann Neel, Oct. 9, 1828, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Allen C. McCardy and Rebecca Mercer, Sept. 3, 1840, by James Kerr, V. D. M. 
John McCarroll and Jane Laughridge, Aug. 21, 1834, by Rev. David C. Merry- 
Enoch McCartney and Elizabeth Matson, Jan. 7, 1834, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
John McCartyand Abagail Howard, Nov. 16, 1837, by William Arnold, J. P. 
William McCaslin and Jane McClery, July 8, 1813, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Matthew McClarren and Sarah Wilkisson, April 4, 1820, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Matthew McClarren and Catherine Gilmore, March 4, 1830, by Rev. George 

Josiah McClenagan and Phebe Erwin, Aug. 15, 1833, by Thomas M. Cranfel, 

J. P. 
James McClintock and Elizabeth Johnson, Oct. 12. 1820, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John McClintock and Eva Ann Snider, Jan. 27, 1825, by J. R. Kirkpatrick, J. P. 
Kerr McClintock ad Margaret Delong, Sept. 15, 1825, by Donald Mcintosh, 

V. D. M. 
Thomas McClintick and Elizabeth Fisher, May 19, 1814, by John Rea. V. D. M. 
William McClintock and Susan Dewey, Dec. 2, 1840, by James Kerr, V. D. M. 
Abraham McColloms and Ruth Tipton. June 1, 1837, by Rev. James C. Taylor. 
Archibald McCombs and Catherine Jeffers, Feb. 9, 1820, by William Carrothers. 

J. P. 


Hugh McComb and Jane Eurtch. Time 10. ISIS, by John Crawfonl. J. P. 
David McCombs and Isabella Ferrell, Feb. 7. 1S2S. by Samuel Hitchcock. J. E. 
James McCombs and Hannah Atkinson. June 26. 1S3S. by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
John McCombs and Mary Ann Busby. Dec. 23. 1S34. by William Arnold. J. P. 
Joseph McCorab and Jane Tipton. Sept. 11. 1S37. by William Arnold. J. P. 
David McConkey and I.ucinda Kail. Sept. 22. 1S37, by B. W. Veirs. J. P. 
Joseph McConkey and Maria Kent. March 11. 1S30. by Robert Orr. J. P. 
Samuel McConkey and Jane Moodey. April 4. 1S16. by Thomas Fisher. J. P. 
Samuel McConkey and Elizabeth McDonough. Aug. 15, 1S31, by George W. 

Bell. J. P. 
William McConkey and Mary Atkinson. Jan. 27. 1S35. by John McArthur. 

V. D. M. 
John McConnell and Jane Robinson. Oct. 23. 1S23. by Archibald McGrew, J. P. 
John P. McConnell and Catherine Medley. March 28, 1S33, by Rev. Benjamin 

John C. McConnell and Jane Bowles. March 3. 1S38. by Mark Hogg. J. P. 
Michael McConnell and Susan Gallagher. March 26. 1S26. by Rev. Simon Lauck. 
Robert McConnell and Abigail Burwell. Aug. 11. 1S2.5. by Rev. William Wallace. 
William McConnell and Mary McCollough, April 22, 1830, by James McCol- 

lough. J. P. 
John McCormick and Hester Allen. June 29, 1837. by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 
James McCourt and Ann Faucett. Jan. 9, 1821, by Rev. Elias Crane. 
Jacob McCoy and Elizabeth Condon. July 9. 1S40. by William Arnold. J. P. 
John McCoy and Eliza Walker, May 2S. 1S39. by William Boggs. J. P. 
Thomas McCue and Mary Barnett, April 2, 1830, by Rev. William Tipton. 
Alexander McCollough and Elizabeth Smith, March 30. 1S15. by Rev. Thomas 

B. Clark. V. D. M. 
Alexander McCullouch and Elizabeth McCullouch, Feb. 11, 1819, by John Rea, 

V. D. M. 
Alexander McCullough and Eleanor McCullough, March 8. 1S36. by John 

George McCollough and Hetty Simpson. Jan. 29. 1829. by Rev. William Knox. 
George McCollough and Sarah Whan. June 11, 1829, by Salmon Cowles, 

V. D. M. 
Hugh McCullough and Margai-et Kerr. March 9, 1836. by Andrew Isaac. 
James McCullough and Rebecca Smith. Feb. 13, 1816. by Thomas B. Clark. 

V. D. M. 
James McCollough and Mary Strong. April 22. 1829. by John Russel. J. P. 
John McCullough and Rebecca Templeton. April 7, 1831, by Rev. Jacob Lem- 

Joseph McCullough and Sarah Lyons. May 5. 1817, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Thomas McCulloch and Mary Neil. July 14. 1831. by Anderson Isaac. 
William McCullough and Juliann Lazure, March 9, 1821, by Abriam Johnson. 

J. P. 
William McCullough and Anne Wells, Jan. 6. 1837, by Rev. William Knox. 
William McCollough and Betsey Edgar. Dec. 22. 1S37, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
William McCollough and Nancy Jamison, Dec. 17, 1840, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Hugh McCune and Betsey Simpson. Sept. 1, 1831. by George Brown. J. P. 


Ebenezer McCurdy and Anna Vincent. Dec. 30, 1834, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
George McDaniel and Mary Dunlap, March 15, 1832, by Joseph Wolff, J. P. 
George McDavitt and Rachel Moodey, Dec. 15, 1831, by Thomas Ford, J. P. 
Andrew McDivitt and Jane Moodey, Nov. 16, 1831, by Thomas Ford, J. P. 
Andrew McDivitt and Eliza Corkhill, April 28, 1837, by Charles Evans, J. P. 
Charles McDivitt and Fanny Fisher, Sept. 18, 1823. by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
George McDivitt and Mary Johnston, Oct. 23, 1817, by Thomas Fisher, J. P. 
George McDivitt, Jr., and Mary Fisher, Oct. 10, 1820, by John Hurless, J. P. 
James McDivitt and Anne Birney, Dec. 15, 1831, by Rev. David Merryman. 
John McDivitt and Susanna Simpson, Oct. 18, 1827, by Michael Conaway. J. P. 
Elza McDonald and Mary Mustard, May 13, 1840, by Rev. Richard Brown. 
John McDonnal and Catherine Miles, Jan. 6, 1819, by Robert McKee, J. P. 
Thomas McDonnall and Mary Byers, Jan. 1, 1823, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
John McDonnah and Masey Hoglin, May 18, 1813, by William Barnhill, J. P. 
John McDowell and Nancy Clements, April 19, 1832, by William Wallace. 

V. D. M. 
Samuel McDowell and Jane Watson, Oct. 9, 1S28, by William Wallace. V. D. M. 
Robert McElravy and Harriett Atkinson, May 3, 1832, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
James McElwee and Lucy Smith, Dec. 20, 1834, by Pleasant Underwood. 
Benjamin McFadden and Mary Wilson, Sept. 4, 1821, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
George McFadden and Elizabeth Kelly, Dec. 18, 1821, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Hamilton McFadden and Susanna Picken, Sept. 27, 1827, by Michael Conaway, 

J. P. 
John McFadden and Mary Dunlap, March 4, 18,15, by Rev. Thomas B. Clark 
John McFadden and Elizabeth Stringer, June 27, 1819, by William Anderson, 

J. P. 
Joseph McFadden and Polly Thompson, Dec. 28, 1826, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Nathaniel McFadden and Elizabeth Green, Dec. 15, 1833, by Jacob L. Grubb, 

J. P. 
Samuel E. McFadden and Sarah McFadden, Dec. 7, 1838, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
William McFadden and Elizabeth Thompson, June 28, 1825, by William Tag- 
■ gart, V. D. M. 

Wilson McFadden and Tabitha Cumi English, Dec. 8, 1831, by Michael Con- 
away, J. P. 
Fieldeu McFee and Sally Thompson, Nov. 25, 1830, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
John McGare and Nancy Ann House, Nov. 18, 1828, by Rev. James Moore. • 
Andrew McGee and Lydia Beckley, March 17, 1836, by John Wagner. J. P. 
Hugh McGee and Sarah Wilson, Aug. I, 1830, by Samuel Hitchcock, J. P. 
William McGee and Rachel Beckley, Aug. 3, 1826, by John Wagner, J. P. 
William McGifiin and Lydia Butterfield, Oct. 27, 1825, by Rev. Elias Crane. 
Thomas McGill and Rebecca Baxter, Oct. 8, 1833, by Samuel Ramsey. J. P. 
James McConigle and Margaret Turner, March 31, 1831, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Joseph McGonagle and Elizabeth Crawford, Nov. 25, 1834, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 


McCaslin McGonagle and Louiza Cummins, March 24, 1836, by John McArthur. 

V. D. M. 
Robert McGonagle and Eliza McFadden, Nov. 15, 1827, by Samuel Hitchcock, 

J. P. 
Thomas McGonigal and Mary Thompson, Dec. 12, 1833, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
David G. McGuire and Anna Roush, Aug. 17, 1819. by Robert McKee, J. P. 
George McGrew and Margaret Bricker, Feb. 28. 1838, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
John McHaines and Nancy Peppers, Dec. 29, 1833, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
Charles McHugh and Jane McCamis, Jan. 24, 1833, by Rev. James Robertson. 
George Mcllroy and Nancy Eschallot, Nov. 4, 1832, by Thomas M. Granfell, J. P. 
James McElix3y and Gassy Baker, Nov. 21, 1816, by William Anderson. 
John Mcllroy and Jerusa Ann Murphy, April 24, 1832, by Thomas P. Jenkins, 

J. P. 
Robert Mcllroy and Mary McFadden, May 21, 1818, by William Anderson, J. P. 
Archibald Mclntire and Rachel Haley, Feb. 28, 1817, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
-J'ames McKee and Sarah Lew^is, Nov. 4, 1834, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Rev. Joseph McKee and Sarah E. Crocker, Nov. 20, 1839, by Rev. Thomas 

George McKibbon and Eleanor Morrison, Jan. 19, 1836, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Matthew McKibbon and Jane Eagleson, Oct. 11, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Ebenezer McKinnie and Jane Williams, Feb. 15, 1832, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Friar McKinnie and Emeline Bell. Nov. 11, 1830, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
George McKinney and Elizabeth Conaway, Oct. 10, 1828, by Joseph Johnson, 

J. P. 
James McKinney and Mary Orr, Feb. 3, 1831, by George W. Bell. J. P. 
John McKinney and Nancy Campbell, June 19, 1820, by Abriam Johnson, J. P. 
John McKisson and Elizabeth Packer, Oct. 20, 1830, by Edward Talbott. 
James McKiterick and Nancy Walker, April 2, 1834, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
James McLaughlin and Mary Bair, March 2. 1820, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. ' 
Robert McLaughlin and Rachel Merryman, April 10, 1834, by George W. Bell, 

J. P. 
James McLean and Sarah Endsley, Aug. 5, 1S24, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M. 
David McMath and Charity Mowders, March 21, 1822, by John Russel, J. P. 
Harland McMath and Julian Mitchell, Aug. 7, 1835, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Simeon McMath and Hannah Adams, Jan. 16, 1836, by Samuel Skinner. J. P. 
Amos McMilkin and Jane Porter, Jan. 4, 1821, by Thomas B. Carter, J. P. 
Asa McMillan and Mary Kelly, May 8, 1827, by Willam Wallace. 
John McMillan and Alice Bernhard, Dec. 28, 1820, by Thomas B. Carter, .L P. 
John McMillan and Elizabeth Peacock, Oct. 17, 1822, by Benjamin S. Cowan, 

J. P. 
Robert McMillen and Margaret Ann Moore, Dec. 6, 1838, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Samuel McMillan and Clarissa Milligan, April 16, 1S40, by Rev. Thomas Thomp- 
William McMillan and Jane Downey, July 13, 1S30, by Van Brown, J. P. 
James McMnllen and Isabella Todd. Oct. 19, 1830, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
John McMullin and Fanny l^aw, Dec. 24, 1835, by Joseph Masters, J. P. 
Barnabas McNamee and Elizabeth Brannon, March 6, 1840, by Matthew 

Phillips, .7. P, 


Ruben McNamee and Pricilla Humphres, Oct. 13, 1825. by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
William McNamee and Mai'garet Fisher, Aug. 29, 1826, by Michael Conaway, 

J. P. 
Joseph McNutt and Nancy Yates, Dec. 20, 1832, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
James McNary and Amelia Grove, Feb. 2, 1836, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
John McNary and Margaret Hawthorn, Nov. 6, 1838, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Elisha McOrr and Sai'ah Kail, March 17, 1824, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
George McPeck and Jane Endsley, Oct. 6, 1831, by Rev. John McArthur. 
George W. McPherson and Harriet Johnson, July 14, 1836, by Rev. C. D. Bat- 
Edward McPheter, and Rachel Hitchcock, Feb. 26, 1839, by Charles Thorn. 
Elisha McQueen and Elizabeth Tope, July 1, 1827, by John C. Huston, J. P. 
.John jMcQueen and Mary Crozier, Nov. 15, 1821, by Rev. Elias Crane. 
Samuel McQueen and Barbara Whiteman, April 22, 1827, by John C. Huston, 

J. P. 
Matthew McShanks and Elizabeth E. Nicholason, Jan. 31, 1826, by Rev. John 

Asa McVaigh and Nancy Wilson, Sept. 19, 1816, by John Crawford, J. P. 
Stacey McVeigh and Mary Fencer, April 18. 1819, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Daniel McWilliams and Jane Braden, Sept. 20, 1836, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Thomas Mackey and Anne Ely, April 5, 1838, by Rev. James Drummond. 
Zenas Macomber and Hannah McKee, June 16, 1833, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Johu Madens and Mary Ann Light, June 22, 1818, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
James Madison and Sarah Melaung, Aug. 3, 1815, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Samuel Magoogan and Sarah Patton, Dec. 1, 1831, by Rev. John McArthur. 
Joseph Mehaffey and Letitia Wells, July 31, 1832, by Peter Barger, J. P. 
William Mahaffey and Harriett Ourant, Dec. 30,*1830, by Peter Barger, J. P. 
John Maholm and Martha Bolen, April 4, 1822, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Joseph Meholin and Margaret McFadden, June 24, 1816, by William Taggart. 

V. D. M. 
Samuel Maholm and Hetty Delany, Aug. 16, 1821, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Joseph Mahan and Rebecca Brown, Nov. 12, 1835, by Rev. Moses Scott, 
Thomas Mahon and Anne Ferrell, April 8, 1830, by Samuel Hitchcock, J. P. 
William Mairs and Elizabeth Gamble, April 8, 1837, by John McKinney, J. P. 
John Major and Edith AVebb, Jan. 8. 1826, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Emanuel Malernee and Hannah Eaton, July 9, 1829, by Rev. Jacob Le«imon. 
John Z. Mallanee and Sarah Hayes, April 28, 1831, by Rev. Thomas J. Taylor. 
Levi Mallernee and Eleanor Johnson, Dec. 6, 1838, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
Matthew F. Mallanee and Catherine Hoyt, Jan. 30, 1838, by Thomas Phillips, 

J. P. 
John Manbeck and Elizabeth Gutshall, Oct. 14, 1824, by Rev. John Crom. 
Peter Manbeck and Margaret Stall, Sept. 15, 1829, by John Gruber, J. P. 
William Mann and Elizabeth Covert, Feb. 19, 1829, by George Brown, J. P. 
John G. Mannie and Eliza L. Ankrum, Nov. 15, 1832, by Salmon Cowles. 

V. D. M. 
James W. Manro and Sally Fisher, March 9, 1826. by Alexander Moore, J. P. 
Ransom Manrow and Prudence Hanna, March 27, 1838, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Mansfield and Rhoda Welch, June 5, 1828, by John Rea, V. D. :\I. 
John Mansfield and Mary Cave, June 4, 1840, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 


Richard Mansfield and Elizabeth Shimer, Nov. 3, 1831, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Thomas Mansfield and Elizabeth Fisher, Dec. 14, 1829, by John Carson, J. P. 
William Mansfield and Margaret Ann Bell, July 11, 1838, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
David Maple and Mary Farmer, March 1, 1816, by Alexander Lee, J. P. 
Joseph Maple and Elizabeth Rider, Dec. 13, 1831, by Joseph Wolf, J. P. 
Thomas Mapel and Mary Rider, May 23, 1827, by Van Brown, J. P. 
James Markee [Marquis?] and Rhoda Nevitt, June 18, 1829, by Rev. William 

James Markee and Eliza Ellen Hilton, Oct. 22, 1839, by M. F. Burkhead, J. P. 
Joseph Markey and Mary Fordyce, April 18, 1830, by Thomas McCleary. 
William Markee and Hannah Norris, Jan. 14, 1830, by Thomas McCleary. 
William Markey and Miranda Ann Johnson, July 16, 1835, by John M. Brown, 

J. P. 
Daniel Markley and Caty Everhart, Sept. 20, 1817, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
Jonathan Markley and Anna Stine, Jan. 5, 1832, by Maurris Albaugh, J. P. 
Jonathan Markley and Mary Ann Hartley, May 25, 1837, by B. W. Veivs. J. P. 
Joseph Markley and Sevilla Wallace, July 24, 1828, by Morris Allbaugh, J. P. 
Moses Markley and Elizabeth Everhart, Feb. 26, 1822, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 
Moses Markley and Sarah Shaeffer, March 31, 1825, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Robert Markley and Leah Kooken, March 6, 1834, by Richard Lyons, J. P. 
James E. Marquis and Harriet Johnston, Nov. 21, 1823, by Salmon Covv^les, 

V. D. M. 
Jacob Marshal and Martha Laughlin, May 2, 1839, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Jarret Marshell and Margaret Marshall, June 7, 1832, by Michael Conaway, 

J. P. 
Jarett Marshall and Ruth Harding, March 20. 1838. by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 
John Marshall and Zipora Cox, June 16, 1S14, by John Busby, J. P. 
John Marshall and Margaret McKinny, June 10, 1824, by Michael Conav/ay, 

J. P. 
Joseph M. Marshall and Jane McFadden, Nov. 6, 1834, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Samuel Marshall and Nancy Layport, Jan. 1, 1835, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
Andrew Martin and Jane Gibson, May 30, 1831, by Thomas P. Jenkins. J. P. 
Edward Martin and Elizabeth Haverfield, Sept. 24, 1839, by Rev. William Tag- 
Hugh Martin and Anne Wiley, March 3, 1831, by William McMillan. 
James Martin and Ann Tewalt, March 16, 1816, by Walter B. Beebe, J. P. 
James Martin and Jane Devine, May 29, 1823, by Archibald McGrew, J. P. 
James Martin and Elizabeth Dewalt, Jan. 12. 1838, by John Caldwell, J. P. 
James Martin and Louisa Grove, Feb. 27, 1840, by John M. Branen, J. P. 
John Martin and Harriet HitchcocJc, March 13, 1840, by Richard Brown. 
Joseph H. Martin and Rebecca Sawville, June 26, 1837, by B. W. Viers, J. P. 
Luther Martin and Jane Clark, Dec. 9, 1830, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Marshall Martin and Melinda Skinner, March 24, 1836, by Rev. Cornelius D. 

Samuel Martin and Susanna Worley, Aug. 15, 1822, by William Cunningham. 
Samuel H. Martin and Rebecca Mercer, March 7, 1838, by John Chalfan, J. P. 
William Martin and Sarah Lewis, Aug. 27, 1835, by George Atkinson, J. P. 
Daniel Matron and Sarah Lee, Jan. 25, 1816, by John Roberts. 


Benjamin Matson and Rebecca Simpkins, June 26, 1836, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Enoch Matson and Mary Turner, Sept. 25, 1817, by James Roberts. 
Jolin Matson and Elizabeth Spurrier, Aug. 17, 1837, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Nehemiah Matson and Mary Townsend, Dec. 9, 1818, by James Roberts. 
Nehemiah Matson and Mary Anderson, June 23, 1836, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Nicholas Matson and Olivia Myers, May 22, 1831, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Uriah Matson and Jane McKee, Api-il 22, 1830, by John Heberling, J. P. 
Washington Matson and Elizabeth Talbott, May 15, 1836, by Samuel Lewis, 

J. P. 

Abraham Mattern and Mary Brown, April 4, 1833, by Rev. Tipton. 

John Mattern and Margaret Griffin, Jan. 1, 1833, by John Caldwell, J. P. 
Henry C. Matthews and Nancy Rankin, Oct. 16, 1820, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
James Matthews and Jane Thompson, Jan. 11, 1830, by .Tolin Hebling, J. P. 
Thomas Matthews and Martha Ridgway, July 20, 1826, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Thomas Matthews and Julian Kindle, July 23, 1828, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Arthur May and Elizabeth Sisler, Dec. 31, 1825, by J. R. Kirkpatrick, J. P. 
Henry May and Henrietta Gardner, March 7, 1839, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
John May and Mary Dempsey, April 12, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Joseph Mays and Rebecca Work, Sept. 14, 1824, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William Mayhugh and Sarah Spurrier, Dec. 14, 1829, by Thomas Parkinson, 

J. P. 
Nathan Maxon and Susanna Dicks, July 18, 1815, by Richard Prue, J. P. 
William Maxon and Delilah Bowland. Jan. 26, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Alexander E. Maxwell and Sarah A. Keepers, Jan. 12, 1832. by Rev. John Moffit. 
Alexander Maxwell and Elizabeth Plumui^r, Oct. 12, 1839, by Aaron Conaway, 

J. P. 
Henry Maxwell and Esther Orr, Jan. 30, 1823, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
James Maxwell and .Jane Maxwell, Aug. 12, 1824', by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 
John Maxwell and Jane Orr, Feb. 9, 1826, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Robert Maxwell and Elizabeth Fisher, Dec. 21, 1821, by William Anderson, J. P. 
Robert Maxwell and Jemima Keepers, Dec. 20, 1838, by William D. McCartney, 

V. D. M. 
Walter Maxwell and Hannah Hawthorn, April 1, 1830, by Rev. Joseph Clokey. 
William Maxwell and Sarah McGaw, Dec. 31, 1840, by James Kerr, V. D. M. 
James Means and Jane Drummond, Aug. 24, 1824, by Isaac Allen, J. P. 
George Mecasky and Elizabeth Kelly, Jan. 17, 1827, by Rev. Thomas Hunt. 
Robert Mecaskey and Sarah McCausland, May 21, 1831, by James Robertson, 

A. M. 
George Mecausland and Mary Kelly, Sept. 2, 1823, by Rev. Thomas Hunt. 
Elisha Medcalf and Elizabeth McDaniel, Feb. 2. 1834, by Rev. David C. Merrl- 

Rezin Medley and Milly Jones, Sept. 20, 1815, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Richard Medley and Margaret Browning, Dec. 28, 1826, by George Brown, J. P. 
Isaac Meek and Margaret Heady, Feb. 17, 1831, by Rev. Nathaniel Callender. 
Peter Meek and Margaret Guier. Oct. 8, 1829, by Samuel Dunlap, J. P. 
Samuel Megaw and Jane McCombs. Nov. 13, 1834, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Thomas Meldrum and Matilda Phillips. Nov. 30, 1837, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
William Mellor and Sarah Fell, June 17. 1832, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Moses Melton and Ann Hockins, Aug. 12. 1819, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Aaron Mercer and Polly Cecil, June 30, 1831, by George Brown, J. P. 


Elias Mercer and Polly Randels, June 29, 1820, by Rev. James Roberts. 

Ellis Mercer and Nancy Bush. Dec. 18, 1817, by Rev. James Roberis. 

John M. Meredith and Delila Jones, Aug. 29, 1839, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

Amos Merrick and Catherine Bonecutter, May 23, 1816, by Paul Preston. 

David Merrill and Jane Knock, Nov. 14, 1831. by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

John Merrill and Margaret Guttery, Sept. 24, 1835, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 

John Meryman and Margaret Eliza Ray, Dec. 12, 1839, by M. F. Burkhead, J. P. 

Nicholas Meryman and Amma Moore, June 18, 1840, by William Arnold, J. P. 

Sheridan Merryman and Sarah Ann Wible, April 30, 1840, by William Arnold, 
J. P. 

Adonijah Messenger and Rachel Burgess, Sept. 9, 1821, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

Barr Mewherter and Mary Reed, Jan. 30, 1821, by John Wagner, J. P. 

James Mewherter and Lydia Reed, June 18, 1818, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 

Samuel Micklederry and Sarah Elder, April 7, 1831, by Rev. John Donaldson. 

David Middleton and Hester House, Nov. 1, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

John Midleton and Martha Earley, Oct. 6, 1836, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Leonard Middleton and Susan Turnpaugh, March 19, 1835, by Rev. Jacob Lem- 

Andrew Mikesell and Mary Lowmiller, May 19, 1840. by Rev. Benjamin Pope. 

George Mikesell and Barbara Guthrie, April 13, 1836, by John Gruber, J. P. 

Jacob Mikesell and Sally Shoos, Jan. 27, 1831, by John Gruber, J. P. 

Charles H. Mildred and Nancy Botkin, May 6, 1824, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 

Abner Miller and Rachel Beck, April 27, 1820, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

Daniel Miller and Susanna liOwmiller, Dec. 27, 1815, by Henry Kail. J. P. 

Harrison Miller and Mary Ann Wheeler, Oct. 24, 1839, by John Gruber, J. P. 

Harrison Miller and Elizabeth Gibler, Dec. 24, 1839, by Thomas Fiunicum, J. P. 

John Miller and Rebecca Lowmiller, May 26, 1825, by John Wagner, J. P. 

John Miller and Leah Brokaw, Jan. 16, 1839, by Charles Thorn. 

Joseph Miller and Isabel McClintock, Dec. 18, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

Levi Miller and July Ann Riley, April 18, 1839, by Rev. Robert Cook. 

Nathan Miller and Amy Jones, Nov. 17, 1831, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 

Richard J. Miller and Ann Barrett, Aug. 23, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Rozel D. Miller and Jane Curry, Dec. 17, 1834, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

Samuel Miller and Sally Miller, March 13, 1822, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 

Thomas Miller and Margaret R. Henderson, Oct. 21, 1822, by Thomas Hanna, 
V. D. M. 

Thomas Miller and Mary Cramblet, Aug. 24, 1837, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Thomas Miller and Mary Johnson, Sept. 13, 1838. by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 

William Miller and Polly Haun, Jan. 9, 1823, by Rev. Salmon Cowles. 

William Miller and Lydia Barthelow, Oct. 13, 1836, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Alexander Milligan and Margaret Richey, Dec. 10, 1816, by William Taggart 
V. D. M. 

Joseph Milligan and Isabella Wallace, May 12, 1825, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 

Thomas Milligan and Sarah Bennett, Nov. 17, 1825, by Donald Mcintosh, 
V. D. M. 

Thomas Milligan and Martha Vincent, Feb. 3, 1827, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

William Milligan and Lydia Miller, Nov. 6, 1823, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 

John Milliken and Jemima Haines, Oct. IS, 1834, by Thomas McClintock, J. P. 
.Michael Milliken and Charity Day, Jan. 9, 1838, by John Selby, J. P. 

Elias Mills and Isabella Glendon, Dec. 29, 1836, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 


John Mills and Sarah Arnold, Feb. 15, 1816, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Nathan Mills and Susan Condon, May 10, 1838, by Samuel G. J. Worthington. 
William Mills and Margaret Markee, July 9, 1816, by John Graham. 
Henry Minick and Mary Trushel, Oct. 28, 1823, by Rev. J. Wagenhals. 
Henry Minor and Catherine Bowers, May 3, 1838, by David Bowers, J. P. 
John Minteer and Catherine Simmons, April 22, 1821, by Thomas Dickerson, 

J. P. 
Daniel Miser and Mary Hay, July 7, 1825, by John Wagner, J. P. 
George Miser and Caty Markley, Aug. 28, 1816, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
Henry Misor and Hannah Need, July 20, 1817, by Henry Kail, J. P. 
John Miser and Mary Stone, Feb. 12, 1815, by Rev. John Rinehart. 
John Miser and Angeline Stonesifer, May 17, 1838, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Philip Miser and Peggy Shultz, Sept. 9, 1821, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Daniel Mitchell and Elizabeth Kerr. Feb. 9, 1832, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Hugh Mitchell and Elizabeth Ferrall, Jan. 30, 1834, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Ira Mitchell and Elizabeth Harden, Jan. 26, 1836, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
James Mitchell and Martha Timmons, March 24, 1825, by Donald Mcintosh, 

V. D. M. 
William Mitchell and Mary Ann Atkinson, Oct. 18, 1838, by Rev. Thomas 

Allen S. Moffit and Rebecca Jones, Feb. 11, 1836, by Rev. Cornelius D. Battelle. 
Henry Moffit and Mary Lewis, April 23, 1815, by Charles Chapman. 
Henry Moffet and Ann Johnson, Jan. 7, 1819, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Rev. John Moffet and .Julian Norris, June 23, 1830, by John Graham. 
William Moffit and Rebecca Kelly, Nov. 11, 1819, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
James Moles and Betsey Connel, Sept. 21, 1820, by Rev. William Knox. 
Augustus Molesworth and Mary Ann Smith, March 19, 1840, by Rev. J. D. 

Thomas Moncrief and Isabella Walker, March 15, 1822, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
James Moodey and Nancy Giles, April 9, 1833, by Thomas Ford, J. P. 
Thomas Moody and Rachel Hutchinson, Feb. 25, 1836, by B. W. Viers, J. P, 
William Moody and Elenor McDonaugh, June 2, 1814, by John Busby, J. P. 
Aaron Moore and Mary Ellen Hilton, Nov. 23, 1837, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
Abraham Moore and Elizabeth Hagey, Oct. 2, 1831, by Joseph Walters, J. P. 
Alexander Moore and Catherine Mclntire, June 13, 1826, by Alexander Moore, 

J. P. 
Alexander Moore and Mary Baxter, March 12, 1829, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
David Moore and Elizabeth King, Dec. 5, 1817, by Henry Kail, J. P. 
David Moore and Sarah Cidwell, April 15, 1824, by Hugh Shotwell, J. P. 
David Moore and Sarah Dunlap, Aug. 28, 1838, by William Waller, V. D. M. 
David Moore and Minerva Wright, Aug. 6, 1840, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
Edward Moore and Catherine Spiker, May 6, 1819, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
George R. Moore and Deborah Hutchinson, Dec. 7, 1826, by Silvanus Lamb. 

J. P. 
Henry Moore and Elizabeth Flnley, Aug. 21, 1828. by Salmon Cowles, V. D. M, 
Henry R. Moore and Lydia Ann Burson, May 16, 1832, by Samuel Skinner, J. P, 
Hilery Moore and Alhina West, March 11, 1837, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Hugh Moore and Elizabeth Jones, Feb. 27, 1817, by William Slemmons, J. P. 
Ire Moore and Prudence B. Ford, April 25, 1839, by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 


Isaac Moore and Elizabeth Cook, July 3, 1834, by Lot Deming, J. P. 

Isaac Moore and Eliza Coleman Feb. 23, 1840, by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 

Isaiah Moore and Rachel Tipton, Oct. 12, 1837, by William Arnold, J. P. 

James Moore and Elizabeth Rowland, Jan. 8, 1829, by Philip Fulton, J. P. 

James Moore and Rebecca Cook, Sept. 7, 1836, by Robert P. Simpson, J. P. 

James Moore and Mary Moore, Nov. 26, 1839, by Hugh Parks, Jr., V. D. M. 

Jesse Moore and Ruth Atkinson, Sept. 7, 1814, by William Knox. 

John Moore and Nancy Foreman, Oct. 27, 1822, by Rev. William Knox. 

John Moore and Mary Ann House, Dec. 4, 1832, by Rev. John Moffet. 

John Moore and Alsy Johnson, Dec. 25, 1834, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 

John Moore and Elizabeth Williamson, March 12, 1835, by William Wallace, 
V. D. M. 

John Moore and Elizabeth McCullough, May 24, 1836, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

John Moore and Sarah Mansfield, May 4, 1837, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 

Peter Y. Moore and Mary Rickets. June 30, 1836, by Robert Scott. 

Peter Moore and Sally Johnson, June 24, 1838, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 

Robert A. Moore and Mary Peacock, March 31, 1831, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 

Samuel Moore and Polly Riggle, June 18, 1818, by James Roberts. 

Sylvanus Moore and Isabella Muncy, April 23, 1829, by Rev. W. B. Evans. 

Sylvanus Moore and Alcinda Smith, Oct. 17, 1838, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 

Thomas Moore to Susan Cook, June 6, 1840, by E. Greenwold. 

William Moore and Jane Boales, March 14, 1833, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 

William Moore and Ruth Harvey, April 30, 1835, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 

William Moore and Lydia Delany, March 15, 1838, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Samuel Moorhead and Sarah Holmes, Aug. 27, 1824, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Thomas Moorehead and Polly Hill, June 4, 1821, by Robert W. Laughlin, J. P. 

Benjamin Morgan and Margaret Thompson, Dec. 12, 1816, by William Ander- 

Elias Morgan and Nancy Harman, Dec. 30, 1824, by John Wagner, J. P. 

George Morgan and Elizabeth Shuck, May 31, 1825, by Rev. John Crom. 

John Morgan and Polly Kirby, July 14, 1829, by Rev. John Crom. 

John Morgan and Jemima Merrill, March 5, 1833, by J.. Staneart, J. P. 

Michael Morgan and Eleanor Whann, Feb. 6, 1838, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 

Thomas Morgan and Betsey Harmon, July 28, 1831, by Thomas Ford. J. P. 

Edward Morris and Catherine Susan Matson, Sept. 15, 1831, by Edward Talbott, 
J. P. 

John Morris and Charlotte Huff, Jan. 28, 1817, by Thomas Dickerson.. 

John Morris and Margaret Shepherd, Dec. 28, 1826. by Jesse Hooper, J. P. 

John Morris and Maria Burson, July 9, 1829, by John Heberling, J. P. 

John Morris and Charlotte Dickerson, Jan. 20, 1839, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 

Jonathan Morris and Mary Ann Parker. Feb. 22, 1827, by William B. Evans. 

John Morrison and Peggy Martin, Dec. 22, 1821, by George Brown, J. P. 

John Morrison and Mary Norris, Feb. 25, 1828, by Rev. William Knox. 

Thomas Morrison and Jane Gilmore, Oct. 17, 1815, by Henry Barricklow, J. P. 

William Morrison and Eleanor McCraney, Dec. 28, 1819, by Rev. James Roberts. 

Alexander Morrow and Hetty Fletcher, April 19, 1832, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

George B. Morrow and Eliza Guthrie, Dec. 30, 1840, by Rev. Moses Allen. 

Thomas Morrow and Jane Brokaw, Dec. 13, 1813, by Thomas B. Clark, V D. M. 

William Morrow and Margaret Fogle, Nov. 29, 1838, by Thomas P.Jenkins, J. P. 

William Mortimer and Mary Butler, Dec. 8. 1825, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 


Samuel Morton and Jane McKee, Feb. 5, 1826, by John Busby, J. P. 
Conrad Mortz and Sarah Hines, Sept. 12, 1838, by Rev. John W. Minor. 
Henry Moseworth and Margaret Strong, Dec. 29, 1836, by Rev. Richard Brown. 
Conrad Mowder and Mary Mowder, Jan. 13, 1830, by Rev. William Tipton. 
Jacob Mowder and Sarah White, Feb. 12, 1835, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
John L. Mowder and Catherine Toland, Dec. 2, 1830, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Joshua Mowder and Mary Brewer, Sept. 5, 1832, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
William Mowder and Sally Turner, May 4, 1822, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Jacob Mowry and Peggy Zimmerman, Nov. 15, 1819, by John Hurless, J. P. 
Michael Mowry and Eve Giddinger, Sept. 7, 1823. by John Hurless, J. P. 
Joel Moxly and Nancy Ring, Aug. 29, 1829, by Joseph Clokey. 
John Mull and Elizabeth Cotton, March 27, 1840, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Charles Mullen and Phebe Merit, April 17, 1828, by Rev. James Roberts.. 
Alexander Mummy and Nancy Coultrap, Sept. 12, 1838, by C. E. Weirick. 
Charles Mummy and Rebecca Hedge, Jan. 11, 1821, by William Haverfield. 
George Munson and Emily Bliss, Jan. 5, 1832, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 
John Murdock and Henrietta Darling, Feb. 16, 1837, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
William Murdock and Nancy Thompson, Feb. 20, 1823, by Micjiael Conaway, 

J. P. 
Arnold Murphy and Ann Richardson, Oct. 7, 1823, by John Wagnor, J. P. 
John Murphy and Mary Auld, May 8, 1838, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
Patrick AV. Murphy and Maria Kimber, Dec. 14, 1826, by Daniel Limerick, 

Elder of M. E. Church. 
John P. Murry and Mary Musgrove, Dec. 7, 1839, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Washington Murry and Mary Abdil, July 1, 1824, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M. 
Pearson Mustard and Jane Carson, Jan. 26, 1837, by Jesse Marrell, J. P. 
David Myers and Sally Binger, Nov. 17, 1831, by Morris Albaugh. J. P. 
Eli IMyers and Eliza Pinkerton. Nov. 23, 1831, by Charles Faucett, J. P. 
George Myers and Hannah Riggle, Feb. 27, 1820, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Jacob Myers and Rhoda Case, Oct. 24, 1830, by George Waddle. 
John Myers and Fanny Lowmiller, March 15, 1818, by Martin Guilinger. J. P. 
Joseph Myers and Ellen Hardin, Oct. 17, 1839, by C. H. Custer, J. P. 
Lewis Myres and Nancy Sager, April 1, 1823, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 
Michael Myers and Sarah Markee, Oct. 31, 1822, by Rev. Curtis Goddard. 
Patrick Myers and Nancy Darr, March 9, 1830, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Phillip Miers and Catherine Fordice, Nov. 18, 1824, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Samuel Myers and Mary Connel, Nov. 2, 1830, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 
William Myres and Nancy Pinkerton, May 29, 1828, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 
George Mynart and Susanna Smith, Sept. 9, 1819, by Rev. John Crom. 
John Minard and Barbary Shaeffer, Nov. 11, 1824, Rev. John Wagenhals. 
Daniel Naragong and Eliza Hosterman, March 27, 1831, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Nicholas Narragong and Polly Wilson, May 4, 1832, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Samuel Noragong and Hester Ann Dean, Jan. 18, 1838, by John Wagner. 
William Narragong and Nancy Ann Watters, Jan. 1, 1835, by John Wagner, 

J. P. 
George Need and Sarah Miser, Nov. 10, 1816, by Nancy Kail, J. P. 
James Neel and Temperance Johnson, March 17, 1829, by Salmon Cowles, 

V. D. M. 
Lyas Neal and Mary Ann Barrett, Aug. 7, 1839, by Charles Thorn. 
William Neil and Nancy Armstrong, Oct. 12, 1824, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 


Hugh Nelson and Betsy Wilson, Sept. 15, 1815, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
John Nelson and Hannah Moody, March 5, 1816, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
Samuel Neson and Sally Preston, July 8, 1819, by William Anderson, J. P. 
Joseph Nevil and Maria Starkey, Dec. 1. 1832, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Isaac Nevitt and Rhoda Johnson, May 13, 1819, by Thomas Dickerson, J. P. 
James Newell and Sarah White, Jan. 16. 1840, by William Arnold, J. P. 
John Nibloch and Sarah Grewell, Aug. 20, 1829, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 
John Niblock and Matilda Haun. Sept. 23, 1840, by Mark Hogge. J. P. 
Henry Nicebaum and liydia Holtzman, Dec. 25, 1832, by Dewalt Rothacker. 
Samuel Nicholas and Sarah Ann Medley, Nov. 20. 1837, by William Arnold, 

J. P. 
William M. Nicolason and Jane McGowan, March 11, 1824, by Rev. Daniel 

William Nixon and Agnes Campbell, Dec. 20, 1827, by Joshua Monroe. 
James Noah and Cassey Ann Madden, Sept. 10, 1829, by John Heberling, J. P. 
James Noble and Martha Davis, Sept. 6, 1832. by James McCollough. 
William H. Noble and Mary Bosley, June 13, 1839. by Andrew Lynch, J. P. 
Jacob Noftsker and Susanna Gutshall, Nov. 12, 1840, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Samuel Nossker and Polly Foos, March 31, 1825, by John Wagner, J. P. 
George Norman and Nancy Sparrow, Aug. 30, 1832, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
George Norman and Susan Wallcut, June 9, 1836, by Samuel Lewis. J. P. 
Daniel Narrick and Betsey Winkfield, April 3, 1816, by Martin Guilinger. 
Jacob Norrick and Emily Houser, Dec. 24, 1838, by Robert P. Simpson, J. P. 
Alexander Norris and Christena Spiker, Oct. 14, 1838, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
John Norris and Sarah McMillan, Feb. 15, 1827, by William Wallace, V .D. M. 
John T. Norris and Elizabeth Davis, Dec. 19, 1830, by Rev. Aurora Callender. 
Jacob Norvick and Mary Hurless Feb. 22, 1820, by John Hurless, J. P. 
James Nowells and Sarah Jones, June 1, 1825, by Isaac Allen, J. P. 
James Null and Rebecca Wilken, Sept. 8, 1831, by Andrew Isaac. 
Joshua Null and Sarah Brown, Sept. 7, 1837, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
William O'Brien and Susanna Johnston, Feb. 9, 1816, by William Wyckoff. J. P. 
William Oden and Kitty A. Ellis, Jan. 15, 1835, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Mordicai Ogle and Betsy Waninto, Jan. 4, 1815, by Alexander Lee, J, P. 
-Baruch Oglevee and Rachel Dunlap, March 6, 1823, by Rev. Salmon Cowles. 
Hugh Oglevee and Elizabeth M. Russell, Feb. 4, 1830, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
John Ohler and Sophia Shook, July 28, 1829, by Lot Doming. 
John Oldfield and Sarah Ann Bfown, Nov. 12, 1837. by John Caldwell, J. P. 
Henry Olen and Mary Staples, April 11, 1840, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 
Henry Olmstead and Martha Bingham, Sept. 20, 1832, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Walter O'Nail and Ann Jones, Aug. 24, 1815, by William Haverfield, J. P. 
Zachariah Oram and Nancy Davis, May 16, 1822, by Jesse Hooper, J. P. 
George Orr and Jane Wilkin, Nov. 24, 1829, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
John Or and Sarah Ayres, Feb. 10, 1819, by Thomas Parkinson, J. P. 
John Orr and Arey Moore, Sept. 8, 1831, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Thomas Orr and Margaret Newhouse, June 24. 1819, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Thomas Orr and Elizabeth Keepers, Dec. 11, 1828, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Thomas Orr and Caroline Sudduth, April 4, 1837, by Thomas "Phillips, J. P. 
William Orr and Anne Darrah, Aug. 9, 1832, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 


Alexander Osbourn and Margaret Leeper, Nov. 6, 1837, by James Evans, J. P. 
Isaac Osbun and Nancy Mansfield, May 17, 1829, by Rev. Benjanjin Wood. 
John Osburn and Sarah Amspoker, Nov. 24, 1836, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Samuel Osburn and Elizabeth Welch, Sept. 3, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
William B. Osburn and Rebecca Rankin, Oct. 2, 1828, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
John Oswalt and Hannah Neill, Jan. 29, 1818, by Robert McLaughlin, Esq. 
Washington Ourant and Mary Martin, Jan. 27, 1830, by John Carson, J. P. 
Joseph Overholt and Franah Forney, Dec. 5, 1824. by Rev. John Crom. 
Martin Overholt and Barbara Erford, Dec. 2, 1828, by Rev. John Crom. 
Beal Mackinzie Owings and Miranda Young, Sept. 21, 1824, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
Isaac Packer and Rebecca Allen, Sept. 5, 1833, by William Arnold. J. P. 
William Pain and Eleanor Figley, March 31, 1838, by George Nichols, J. P. 
David Palmer and Mary Magdalena Teniper, Jan. 31, 1839, by C. B. Weirick. 
George Palmer and Abigail Wood, May 19, 1818, by James Roberts. 
Hiram Palmer and Mary Birney, Oct. 12, 1830, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
John Palmer and Sarah Shirey. March 27, 1838, by Robert P. Simpson, J. P. 
Alexander Parker and Elizabeth Gilmore, March 29, 1830, by Alexander Simp- 
son, J. P. 
David Parker and Nancy Derry, Sept. 22, 1831, by Thomas P. Jenkins. 
Harmon Parker and Barbara Shoemaker, April 13, 1837, by John M. Brown. 

J. P. 
Harris Parker and Mary Hutchinson, Aug. 8, 1839, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
James Parker and Eleanor Smith, Feb. 5, 1831, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
Lewis Parker and Elizabeth Hutchinson, Dec. 23, 1830, by Edward Talbott, 

J. P. 
Richard Parker and Catherine Sherow, Jan. 1, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Richard Parker and Isabella Gibson, April 10, 1839, by Robert Given, J. P. 
Samuel Parker and Elizabeth Parks, Sept. 20, 1832, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Thomas Parker and Martha Gudgeon, July 22, 1828, by Thomas R. Ruckle. 
David Parkhill and Margaret Davidson, July 5, 1832, by William Taggart. 

V. D. M. 
Andrew Parks and Susan Thumaker, June 10, 1825, by James Smith. 
Hiram Parks and Mary May, June 29, 1830, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 
John Parks and Ann Firthey, Dec. 26, 1813, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Parks and Deulah Messenger, Nov. 23, 1820, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Laben Parks and Rachel Dicks, Feb. 20, 1819, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Matthew Park and Elizabeth Walker, May 6, 1825, by Alexander Moore, J. P. 
William Parks and Eliza Gross, Oct. 2, 1823, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Henry Parmer and Ruth Hedge, March 27, 1827, by Samuel Hitchcock, J. P. 
Nicholas Parmer and Jane Maxwell, Oct. 27, 1836, by David Brown, J. P. 
William Parmer and Margaret Naragong, Dec. 25, 1823, by William Holmes, 

J. P. 
Abraham Parrish and Mary Kent, Nov. 27, 1834, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Abraham Parrish and Rachel Keesey, Aug. 2, 1837, by Thomas Wilson, J. P. 
Garret Parrish and Mary English, June 5, 1818, by Thomas Dickerson, J. P. 
John Parrish and Sarah Anderson, Nov. 10, 1835, by Cornelius D. Battelle. 
Leonard Parrish and Sophia Forney, Feb. 22, 1816, by Charles Chapman. J. P. 
Peter Parish and Peggy Mclntire, Nov. 9, 1820, by Thomas Dickerson, J. P. 



Tolbert Parrish and Rachel Kent, Nov. 1, 1833, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Samuel Parr and Nancy Carruck, Feb. 29, 1816, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Benjamin L. Parson and Susan Norris, Sept. 5, 1830, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Charles Parsons and Hannah Chilcoat, Oct. 7, 1813, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Israel Parsons and Hannah Cope, Jan. 18, 1834, by George Brown, J. P. 
John Pasley and Dienna Auld, May 9, 1817, by John Crawford, J. P. 
Andrew Patterson and Rebecca Craig, Oct. 27, 1835, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
David Patterson and Catherine Spiker, Jan. 8, 1835, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
George Patterson and Elizabeth Nolan, Aug. 16, 1829, by John G. Houston, J. P. 
John Patterson and Mary Delany, March 23, 1824, by William Holmes, J. P. 
John Patterson and Jane Graham, March 2, 1826, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Joseph Patterson and Mary Hays, June 8, 1834, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Samuel Patterson and Jane Davis, March 11, 1830, by Rev. Thomas M. Hudson. 
William Patterson and Sally Spiker, Oct. 25, 1832, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
William M. Patterson and Susan Amspoker, Dec. 22, 1834, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
John Ij. Patton and Margaret Johnson, July 15, 1830, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Joseph Patton and Jemima Hogland, Feb. 14, 1822, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Eli Peacock and Mary Moore, July 24, 1828, by William Wallace. V. D. M. 
Eli Peacock and Sarah Hicks, Oct. 11, 1838, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
John Piers and Jane Singer, Feb. 11, 1821, by Phineas Inskeep, J. P. 
James Pierce and Mary Morton, Feb. 11, 1830, by John Heberling, J. P. 
John Pearce and Sarah Maholm, July 16, 1840, by Rev. William Knox. 
John Pedan and Catherine Slika, Sept. 10, 1822, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 
Levi Peddycoart and Lydia Worth, Feb. 23, 1822, by Thomas Patton, J. P, 
Joseph Penn and Jane Hamilton, Nov. 6, 1834, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Thomas Penn and Susana Craig, Oct. 10, 1840, by Rev. E. Smith. 
Hugh Pennel and Rachel Abdii. Oct. 16, 1828, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William D. Pennell and Isabella Rea, March 10, 1818, by Thomas B. Clark. 

V. D. M. 
Thomas Pennington and Sarah Randolph, June 19, 1826, by Rev. Simon Lauck. 
Jonathan Peoples and Mahalah Norris, Oct. 19, 1826, by Thomas Lakin. 
Jonathan Peoples and Easter Galbraith. Dec. 27, 1836, by David Finnicum, J. P. 
Isaac Pepper and Anne Cramp, April 22, 1831, by John IMcArthur. 
Henry Peppers and Mary Mullen, Oct. 23, 1828, by George Brown. J. P. 
John Peregory and Ann Webb, April 12, 1832, by Rev. William Knox. 
James Perry and Jane Smiley. Nov. 19, 1840, by James Kerr, V. D. M. 
John G. Parry and Aurela Belknap, June 9, 1839, by C. E. Weirick. 
Martin Perry and Margaret Wilkin, Feb. 21, 1833, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Thomas Perry and Sarah Chew, April 18, 181C, by Thomas Dickerson, J. P. 
Robert Pervines and Esther Jenkins, Sept. 11, 1823, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Isaac Peterson and Mary Bush, Dec. 24, 1829, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Leroy Petty and Keziah Tipton, Nov. 16. 1830, by Jesse Hooper. J. P. 
Peter Petty and Betsey Heathe, Feb. 27, 1834, by George W. Bell. J. P. 
Rhodun Petty and Hester Ann R. Fry, Aug. 21, 1838, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
William Petty and Adeline Amelia Snider. Sept. 25, 1836, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Jacob Pfouts and Anna W. Waters, March 10, 1835, by Lot Deming, J. P. 
George K. Phillips and Mary Moodey, July 24, 1823, by Michael Conaway. 
John Phillips and Eliza Gilmore, May 6, 1828, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 


John Phillips and Eleanor Johnson, Nov. 19, 1831, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. , 

Joseph Phillips and Jemima Johnson, May 9, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Lennaon. 

Lewis Phillips and Matilda Ann Steel, May 9, 1S37, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Matthew H. Phillips and Susanna Dickerson, Dec. 11, 1828, by Salmon Cowles, 
V. D. M. 

Richard Phillips and Nancy Davidson, Sept. 24. 1836, by John M. Brown, J. P. 

Alexander Picken and Rachel Conaway, April 17, 1834, by William Arnold, J. P. 

Alpha Pickens and Jane Anderson, Nov. 27, 1827, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 

William Picken and Fanny Overholts, Oct. 15, 1840, by Robert P. Simpson. 

Abel Pickering and Susanna Nichols, July 15, 1833, by John Bethel, J. P. 

Absalom Pickering and Susan Leinard, Feb. 24, 1831, by Lentulus Kirk, J. P. 

Enis Pickering and Susanna New, Oct. 18, 1816, by John Crawford, J. P. 

Evan Pickering and Nancy Lewis, Dec. 2, 1819, by Rev. James Roberts. 

Jacob Pickering and Mary Nichols, March 16, 1826, by James Clements, J. P. 

James Pickering and Nancy Middleton, Oct. 13, 1836, by William Taggart, 
V. D. M. 

Joseph Pickering and Priscilla Ruby, June 10, 1815, by Rev. William Knox. 

Israel Picket and Lydia Goodwin, Aug. 25, 1836, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 

Peter Picket and Elizabeth Mills. Nov. 10, 1819, by John Crawford, J. P. 

Somuel Pilinger and Jane Lemastress, Jan. 14, 1819, by Robert McKee, J. P. 

Samuel Pillars and Charlotte Potts, March 14, 1816, by Alexander Lee. J. P. 

Thomas Pinkerton and Jane L. Price, Jan. 6, 1836, by Rev Robert Cook. 

Isaac Pittinger and Harriet Myers, June 12, 1832, by Rev. D. C. Merryman. 

Peter Pittinger and Jane Buchanan, July 7, 1825, by Robert Maxwell, J. P. 

John Pittis and Ann Clark, June 11, 1839, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Tobias A. Plants and Mary E. Goodwin, July 30, 1837, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

William Pleasants and Margaret Alford, April 25, 1823, by John Russel, J. P. 

David Paulin and Arminta Barkhurst, Feb. 3, 1825, by Rev. James Roberts. 

Ellas Poland and Susan Ann Ford, March 14, 1832, by John Wagner, J. P. 

George Poland and Mary Gutshall, Dec. 25, 1831, by John Wagner, J. P. 

George Polen and Margaret Walters, July 14, 1836, by John Gruber, J. P. 

James Poland and Eliza Perry, Oct. 7, 1830, by Thomas Parkinson, J. P. 

John Poland and Polly Hutchinson, July 9, 1829, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 

Jonathan Poland and Catherine Hillicosts. June 15, 1826, by Rev. Simon Lauck. 

Nathaniel Polen and Margaret Cutschall, April 15, 1824, by Rev. Daniel 

Peter Poland and Sarah Hilligas, May 10, 1830, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Samuel M. Poland and Unity W^ilkin, May 11, 1830, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

William Poland and Ann Wheeler, March 10, 1816, by Rev. M. Cole. 

William Poland and Mary Stephens, Dec. 14, 1824, by Rev. James Roberts. 

William Poland and Sarah Wallace, Sept. 13, 1838, by Charles Thorn. 

William Pollard and Mary Miller, .July 29, 1839, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 

Benjamin Pollock and Ann Norman, Jan. 28, 1838, by John Caldwell, J. P. 

James Pollock and Margaret Brokaw, July 20, 1826, by George Brown, J. P. 

Samuel Pollock and Fanny Wilkins, Feb. 5, 1818, by William Carrothers. J. P. 

Thomas Polleck and Elizabeth Hammond, Aug. 9, 1832, by John Walker, 
V. D. M. 

William Pollock and Frances S. Reed Thompson, May 1, 1827, by William Tag- 
gart. V. D. M. 

David Porter and Terressa Stone, April 28, 1837, by William Arnold, J. P. 


James Porter and Sarah Steen, Nov. 10, 182S, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Joseph Porter and Margaret Walker, June 30, 1836, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Joshua Porter and Elizabeth Rankin, May 3, 1822, by George Brown, J. P. 
Nathan Porter and Susanna Nofsker, March 17. 1835, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Otho Porter and Elizabeth Dusenberry, Aug. 29, 1833, by Rev. John Mofflt. 
Samuel Porter and Rebecca Dickerson, April 5, 1827, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Samuel Porter and Eliza Cox, April 30. 1832, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Zachariah Porter and Marj' Pivecoat, Jan. 1, 1839, by Richard Hammond, J. P. 
Cornelius Post and Rachel Richison, June 11, 1816, by Martin Guilinger. J. P. 
James Post and Rachel Moore, Nov. 19, 1837, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Andrew Poulson and Martha Hines, March 24, 1819, by James McMahon. 
Andrew Poulson and Susanna Garner, Dec. 24, 1840, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Charles H. Paulson and Narcissa A. Kilgore, May 1, 1839, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
James J. Poulson and Mary Harrison, July 30, 1829, by John Carson, J. P. 
Jehu Poulson and Elizabeth Cox, Aug. 13, 1833. by William Arnold, J. P. 
John Poulson and Rachel Rogers, April 9, 1835, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
John Powell and Mary Scoles, Nov. 16. 1820, by John Graham. 
Joseph Powell and Mary Heller, April 10, 1816, by William Wyckoff. J. P. 
William H. Powers and Tabitha Boles, June 8, 1840, by Joseph Clokey, V. D. M. 
James Prather and Barbara Young, March 26, 1834, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Oliver Preston and Sally Temple, June 30, 1819, by William Anderson, J. P. 
Francis Price and Rosannah McGee, Dec. 30, 1840, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
Garred Price and Susannah Smith, Dec. 25, 1818, by Robert McKee, J. P. 
Henry Price and Anna Hoffzgar, Feb. 16. 1837, by Rev. Alexander Biddle. 
John Price and Elizabeth Heastand, Aug. 7, 1834, by Alexander Biddle. 
Thomas Price and Levina Norman, March 2, 1837, by George Atkinson, J. P. 
Jesse Pritchard and Jane Lacey, Oct. 9, 1825, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M. 
Thomas Pritchard and Elizabeth Spring. April 27, 1820, by John Russel, J. P, 
Aaron Pugh and Mary Gear, Feb. 10, 1820. by Robert McLaughlin, J. P. 
Amos Pugh and Anne Brown, Feb. 21, 1833, by Rev. Moses Scott. 
Benjamin Pugh and Jane Shivers, Nov. 1, 1832, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Jesse Pugh and Angeline Haines, Dec. 11. 1838, by John Selby, J. P. 
John Pugh and Elizabeth Crabtree, Aug. 19, 1830, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Ulysses Pugh and Frances Ann Suddith, May 10, 1838, by R. H. Ledwick, 

V. D. M. 
Harlon Pyle and Eliza Sinclear, Sept. 21, 1835, by John L. Layport. 
James Quinn and Rachel Moody, Dec. 21, 1824, by Robert Maxwell, J. P. 
Elihu Quillen and Sarah Cree, April 28, 1836, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
Joshua Quillin and Rebecca Bowles, March 8, 1827, by Thomas Lakin. 
Andrew Ralston and Eleanor Paxton, Dec. 11, 1827, by William McMillan, 

V. D. M. 
Lewis W. Ralston and Anna Darr, April 22, 1828. by John Graham. 
John Ramage and Elizabeth Lafferty, Feb. 13, 1821, by Joseph Anderson. 
Henry Ramer and Catherine Jones, Jan. 4, 1819, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Benjamin Ramsey and Isabella Hanna, Feb. 1, 1821, by John Rea. V. D. M. 
George Ramsey and Margaret Kyle, Oct. 13, 1825, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M, 
Hugh Ramsey and Jane Kyle, Nov. 7. 1826, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 
Samuel Ramsey and Lydia Barcroft, March 6, 1833, by John Rea, V. D. M. 


William Ramsey and Susanna Ruby, Nov. 1, 1838, by William Knox, V. D. M. 
Elias G. Randall and Margaret House, Dec. 20, 1838, by John Selby, J. P. 
Enoch Randels and Peggy Williams, Oct. 10, 1816, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Ephram Randals and Mary Swayne. April 8, 1836, by George Atkinson, J. P. 
Jonathan Randolph and Isabel Cady, July 15, 1830, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Peter Randolph and Ann Atkinson, April 3, 1836, by Thomas Parkinson, J. P. 
Josiah D. Raney and Jane Clark, Feb. 1, 1815, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
David Rankin and Sarah Porter, March 20, 1819, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
John Rankin and Nancy Smith, March 6, 1834, by Rev. Jacob Co5n. 
Thomas Rankin and Jane E. Ellis. Sept. 26, 1833. by Rev. Jacob L^mmon. 
William Rankin and Christena Knight, April 22, 1813, by Archibald M3Elrojr. 
William Raredon and Elmira Gitchell, Dec. 16, 1830. by Philip Fulton, J. P. 
Moses Ratlidge and Catherine Patterson, Feb. 14. 1839, by Rev. Dyas Neil. 
Thomas Rathrock and Delila Luke, Aug. 21, 1840, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
James Ravenscroft and Betsey Shuck, Dec. 31, 1816, by Thomas Fisher, J. P. 
James Rea and Jane Chambers, Dec. 1, 1835, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Rea and Sarah Daniels, May 12, 1830, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
John Rea, and Elizabeth Hamilton, April 9, 1840, by Rev. Alexander Wilson. 
Jonathan Ray and Sarah Merryman, Nov. 2, 1839, by M. F. Burkhead, J. P. 
Joseph Rea and Jane McConnel Sept. 22. 1818, by Thomas B. Clark, J. P. 
Levi Ray and Eliza Merryman, Feb. 27, 1840, by M. F. Burkhead, J. P. 
Samuel Rea and Ruth Robinson, Jan. 2, 1823, by Rev. Salmon Cowles. 
Samuel Rea and Rachel Chaney, April 11, 1840, by Isaac Craw^ford, J. P. 
William Rea and Jane Hanna, May 23, 1837, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Henry Redick and Eleanor Stroad, Aug. 7, 1828, by Edw^ard Talbott, J. P. 
Jonathan Redick and Sarah Fulton, Feb. 23, 1819, by Desberry Johnson, J. P. 
William Redick and Matilda Mintier, Feb. 11, 1819, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Andrew Reed and Jane Reed, Oct. 11, 1821, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Benjamin Reed and Rebecca Sellers, Oct. 31, 1824, by Rev. John Wagenhals. 
Cyrus Reed and Lavina Kail, Nov. 2, 1837, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Daniel Reed and Mary Tipton, April 20, 1829, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Francis Reed and Nancy F. Farmer, April 2, 1818, by William Wyckoff. J. P. 
Frederick Reed and Rachel Tedrow, Dec. 28, 1817, by Henry Kail, J. P. 
George Reed and Susan Swarts, April 10, 1823, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Hugh Reed and Margaret Fulton, June 10. 18.30, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Jacob Reed and Christianna Shoos, April 20, 1815, by Rev. John Rinehart. 
James Reed and Mary McCormick, Oct. 20, 1825, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Read and Ellen Cunningham, Sept. 10, 1816, by John Crawford, J. P. 
John Reed and Fanny Waters, Jan. 17, 1817, by Walter B. Beebe, J. P. 
John Reed and Nancy Phillips, Dec. 30, 1824, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
John Reed and Motelena Wyant, Feb. 16, 1826, by Samuel Dunlap, J. P. 
John Reed and Margaret Milligan, Feb. 16, 1882. by John Mc-Arthur, V. D. M. 
Quinton Reed and Susanna West, Aug. 11, 1835, by William Arnold, J. P. 
William Reed and Jane Gibson. May 15. 1823, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William Reed and Eleanor Tipton, Oct. 20, 1829, by John Gruber, J. P. 
William Reed and Sarah McDowell, Sept. 22, 1836, by William Wallace 

V. D. M. 
William Reed and Susanna Porter, Oct. 22, 1839, by Thomas Thompson 
Amos Rees and Mary Hillis. Jan. 13. 1820, by H. H. Leavitt, J. P. 
John Reeves and Henrietta Gardner, Sept. 29, 1829, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 


John Reeves and Cela Harris, Oct. 19, 1834, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Richard Reaves and Eleanor Persons, Dec. 13, 1822, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Michael Reniker and Peggy Stefty, Aug. 28, 1821, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Isaac Reynolds and Polly Chaney, Sept. 18, 1819, by Thomas Dickerson, J. P. 
Joseph Rhodes and Louisa Larry, Nov. 1, 1838, by George Atkinson, J. P. 
James Rice and Sarah Dehuff, Dec. 18, 1828, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Stephen G. Rice and Hannah Shuck, Dec. 29, 1832, by Joseph Wolff, J. P. 
John Richards and Betsey Fitzsimmons, April 5, 1836, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
Edward Richardson and Catherine Wiant, Aug. 4, 1825, by John Hurless, J. P. 
John Richardson and Ann Henry, April 30, 1818, by Martha Guilinger, J. P. 
David Ritchey and Susan Dausey, Feb. 19, 1840, by Jacob Coon. 
John Richey and Margaret McComb, June 20, 1820, by William Anderson. J. P. 
Samuel Richey and Elizabeth McGee, June 21, 1832, bj William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Benjamin Rjckey and Susan Williams, Oct. 24, 1833, by Robert Maxwell, J. P. 
Daniel Rick'ey and Providence Shimej, SepL 21, 182S„ by Alexander Moore. J. P. 
Henry Ricthard and Tena Dewalt, March 23, 1826, by John Busby, J. P. 
Daniel Ridenower and Susanna Shawber, March 2, 1820, by Rev. Josomun 

David Ridenower and Sally Shawver, April 15, 1824, by Rev. Daniel Rahauser. 
James Rider and Jane Hidey, April 10, 1832, by Thomas Day, J. P. 
John Ridgway and Sarah Underwood, Sept. 5, 1833, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Paul Ridgway and Catherine Harmon, Dec. 16, 1835, by Thomas Foster. 
George Rife and Sally Crosky, Oct. 29, 1829, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Augustus Rigby and Catherine Tope, March 5, 1826, by John C. Huston, J. P. 
George Rigg and Margaret Greenland, April 2, 1829, by Archibald McGrev/, 

J. P. 
John Rigg and Anna Fissel, Oct. 23, 1828, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Robert Rigg and Loveice Pessel, Sept. 23, 182*4, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Robert Rigg and Margaret Moore, Aug. 25, 1829, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
George Rigel and Susanna Thomas, Feb. 13, 1817. by James Roberts. 
George Riggle and Betsey Riggle, April 18, 1838, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Jacob Riggle and Nancy Angel, Sept. 25, 1821, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Rigel and Sarah Miller, March ]3, 1824, by Rev. John McMahon. 
Abraham Riley and Jemima Hinton, March 4, 1823, by Benjamin S. Cowen, J. P. 
Harrison Riley and Sarah Ann Luttle, Dec. 17, 1829, by George Brown, J. P. 
John Riley and Elizabeth Faucett, Dec. 27, 1827, by Rev. William Knox. 
Moses Riley and Nancy Moore, April 27, 1820, by John Russel, J. P. 
Peter Riley and Sally Hevenor, April 16, 1818, by Elijah C. Stone. 
William Riley and Rachel Phelps, Oct. 13, 1830, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Andrew S. Ripley and Eliza Jane Crosby, Oct. 25, 1832, by Thomas P. Jenkins, 

J. P. 
Jacob Ripley and Mary Dixson, Dec. 9, 1820, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
John Ripley and Unity McBride, Feb. 22, 1821, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
William T. Ripley and Margaret Cosgrove, Dec. 8, 1831, by Thomas P. Jenkins, 

J. P. 
Andrew Robb and Margaret McCullough, Aug. 28, 1828, by Salmon Cowles, 

V. D. M.. 
James Roberts and Elizabeth Atkinson, Feb. 28, 1833, by John McArt.iur, 

V. D. M. 


John Roberts and Catherine Goodman, July 5, 1838, by John Knox, J. P. 

Jonathan Roberts and Miriam Walker, July 17, 1831, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 

Joseph Roberts and Mary Ann Brown, May 13, 1827, by Joseph Rea, J. P. 

Joseph Robertson and Esther Crouch. Sept. 16, 1835, by John L. Grubb, J. P. 

Joshua Robey and Elizabeth Powlan, March 9, 1831, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Anthony Robison and Dianna Cooke. Jan. 27, 1820, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

Benjamin Robinson and Rachel Martin, May 11, 1826, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Charles Robinson and Martha Denning, Jan. 9, 1818, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 

Christopher Robinson and Susan Kirby, Feb. 10, 1831, by Thomas Day, J. P. 

George Robison and Sally Heffling, Jan. 12, 1839, by Rev. Robert Cook. 

James Robison and Mary Ann Wallace, June 9, 1836, by Rev. James Taylor. 

James Robison and Jane Strong, March 16, 1837, by Rev. Richard Brown. 

James Robinson and Rebecca Overhultzer, March 8, 1838, by Rev. Adam 

John Robinson and Susan Lemaster, Jan. 1, 1829, by Rev. William Tipton. 

John Robison and Jane Brown, Dec. 9, 1830, by John Russell, J. P. 

Thomas Robinson and Ann Busket, Sept. 20, 1827, by John Wagner, J. P. 

William L. Robinson and Prudence Huff, Feb. 6, 1822, by William Cunningham. 

William Robison and Jane Dickey, April 9, 183.5, by Thomas M. Granfell, J. P. 

Warner Rodgers and Eliza Gregory, Sept. 26, 1816, by William Haverfield, J. P. 

Barrett Rogers and Nancy Carson, May 1, 1823, by Hugh Shotwell. 

Elijah Rogers and Mary Ann Poulson, Oct. 22, 1833, by Rev. William Tipton. 

John Rogers and Lydia Lamaster, Sept. 28, 1815, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 

Lewis Rogers and Sarah Ann Hilton, June 25, 1835, by Thomas Philips, J. P. 

Lorendo D. Rogerg and Jane Amanda Suddeth, May 20, 1828, by Samuel Hitch- 
cock, J. P. 

Nelson Rogers and Sarah Barcroft, Oct. 19, 1837, by John Selby, J. P. 

Osbun Rogers and Mary Mehaffee, May 12, 1831, by Peter Barger, J. P. 

Rowland Rogers and Mary Cummins, March 24, 1836, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Thomas Rogers and Anna Wilson, Nov. 2, 1826, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 

William Rogers and Hannah Waters. Nov. 2, 1820, by Thomas B. Carter, J. P. 

William Rogers and Nancy Burkhead, Dec. 13, 1823, by Hugh Shotwell, J. P. 

William Rogers and Susan Carson, Feb. 20, 1823, by Hugh Shotwell, J. P. 

William Rogers and Isabella Kelly, Feb. 19, 1835, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 

William Rogers and Miriah Adams, June 21, 1838, by John Selby. J. P. 

Elisha Romans and Elizabeth Knight. Dec. 10. 1840, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Evan Romans and Julian Adams, Nov. 18, 1833, by Alexander Clark, J. P. 

Edward Romig and Elizabeth Auld, Dec. 16, 1839, by Rev. Herman J. Titze. 

John Romick and Martha Ann Bonsall, Nov. 7, 1837, by Rev. Z. Ragani 

Jonas Romich and Nancy McGonagle, May 13, 1839, by Rev. John Wilson. 

Gardner Rose and Ruth Coleman, Jan. 2, 1827, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Henry Rose and Rebecca Kent, Oct. 12, 1820, by Williamson Carruthers, J. P. 

Hugh Rose and Julian Garner, July 1, 1828, by Jesse Hooper, J. P. 

Jacob Rose and Elizabeth Throckmorton, Aug. 12, 1824, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

James Rose and Lucinda Farrlngsworth, May, 31, 1832, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

John J. Rose and Elizabeth Caves, March 14, 1839, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 

Jacob Roser and Margaret Anget, June 13, 1839, by Andrew Lynch, J. P. 

Daniel Ross and Barbara Hospelhorn, Sept. 12, 1837. by Rev. James L. Russell. 

Ichabod Ross and Margaret Worley, Jan. 9, 1840, by Rev. Parden Cook. 

James Ross and Ann Hukill, Feb. 7, 1828, by John Rea, V. D. M. 


James Ross and Jemima Hines, Jan. 8, 1839, by Charles Thorn. 
John Ross and Mary Tipton. Nov. 13, 1828, by Rev. William Tipton. 
Kins Ross and Nancy McMillan, Dec. 25, 1828, by Jesse Hooper, J. P. 
Nathan Ross and Sophia Arnold, Oct. 18, 1815, by John Busby, J. P. 
David Rouse and Agness Brown, Feb. 3, 1813, by Samuel Dunlap, J. P. 
George Roush and Anna Springer, July 6, 1826, by Robert Orr. J. P. 
William Rowan and Lydia Ann Bell, Sept. 7, 1837, by Levi Peddycoart, J. P. 
James Rowland and Elizabeth Leinard, Feb. 5, 1829, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
John Rowland and Martha Harrison, Dec. 27. 1827, by John Carson, J. P. 
John Rowlands and Ann Marshall, June 15, 1837, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
Levi Rowlands and Mary Shivers, April 22, 1830, by Samuel Hitchcock, J. P. 
William Rowland and Jane Fulton. Dec. 28, 1820, by William WyckofE, J. P. 
Hezekiah Rowles and Elizabeth Guynn, Feb. 4, 1819, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Eli Rozin and Sarah Wardell, May 26, 1832, by Rev. William Knox. 
Ezekiel Rubicam and Olive Smith, Jan. 17, 1826, by Joseph Fry, J P. 
Henry Ruby and Sarah Earley. Aug. 20, 1835, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Isaac Ruby and Mary Smith, Nov. 9, 1825, by Elder Daniel Limerick. 
John M. Ruby and Elizabeth House, April 11, 1826, by Daniel Limerick, Elder 

M. E. Church. 
Lewis RuDy and Sarah Johnson, July 16, 1818, by Rev. Cornelius Sprjnger. 
Thomas Ruby and Mary Gibson, July 7. ISJl, by James McCullough, J. P. 
William B. Ruby and Susan Landis, Dec. 19, 1831, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
James Rusk and Sarah McKibbon, Dec. 24, 1818, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
J.ohn Russell and Matilda Ferguson, Aug. 25, 1831, by William L. Robison, J. P. 
Samuel A. Russell and Mary Ann Crawford, June 12, 1839, by Rev. Thomas 

William Russell and Charlotte Waller, March 10, 1834, by Rev. William Tipton. 
Daniel Rutan and Margaret Carr, Jan. 4, 1827, by Thomas Kanna, V. D. M. 
John Reutan and Hannah Shivers, June 8, 1820, by B. W. Viers. J. P. 
Peter Rutan and Catherine Shriver, Dec. 15, 1831, by Thomas Day, J. P. 
John E. Ruth and Catherine Shaffer, April 11, 1820, by John Hurless, J. P. 
William Ruth and Peggy Hurless, Oct. 5, 1837, by Robert P. Simpson, J. P. 
Jacob Sadler and Mary Wilkison, March 28, 1822, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Samuel Salisbury and Margaret Devenbaugh, May 7, 1818, by John Wagner, 

J. P. 
William Saltkele and Sarah Wright, Dec. 31, 1834, by George Vv^. Bell, J. P. 
John Saltsgiver and Mary Capper, April 14, 1831, by John C. Huston, J. P. 
Joseph Saltsgiver and Rebecca Elliot, Dec. 15, 1831, by Thomas Ford. 
Joseph Saltsgiver and Maria Davis, April 26, 1836, by Richard Lyons, J. P. 
James Sample and Cassey Britt, Aug. 23, 1827, by Rev. W. R. Evans. 
Samuel Sample and Nancy Hanshier, March 16, 1831, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
William Sample and Juliana O'Rourke, Aug. 4, 1831, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Cornelius Sanders and Ann Reynolds, Aug. 12, 1819, by Archibald McGrew, 

J. P. 
Ezekiel Sankey and Mary McCullough, Feb. 3, 1824, by Salmon Cowles, V. D. M. 
Samuel Sankey and Hannah Faroner, June 12, 1834, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Rugler Sargent and Sarah Beams, Jan. 2, 1840, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Jacob Sarkey and Mary Yarnall, Aug. 3, 1826. by Rev. William B. Evans. 
Jerry Sawyer and Dolly Simpson, Nov. 28, 1822, by Jesse Hooper, J. P. 


George Sayers and Rsichel Barrett, Oct. 10, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
John Sayler and Catherine Benedict, May 29, 1827, by John Wagner, J. P. 
William Scales and Elizabeth Elliott, Nov. 23, 1826, by Joseph Rea, J. P. 
Richard Scarlet and Jane Birney, Aug. 30, 1832, by William Tipton. 
Alexander Schee and Alice Brindley, March 2, 1840, by Rev. William Knox. 
Abraham Schoonover and Nancy Ryraer, Nov. 1, 1832, by James McCollough. 
Kinsey Schooley and Lydia Wright, June 1, 1837, by Rev. James C. Merriman. 
Samuel Schooley and Ann Gardner, Aug. 19. 1817, by James Roberts. 
Curtis W. Scoles and Elizabeth Simpson, Aug. 16, 1830, by Rev. William Knox. 
Samuel Scoles and Rebecca James, Aug. 24, 1824, by George Brown, J. P. 
Andrew Scott and Miche Anne Treacle, Sept. 3, 1835, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Charles Scott and Margaret Dodds, April 20, 1830, by Jacob Cozad, J. P. 
George W. Scott and Ann Hoops, Aug. 22, 1839, by Rev. John Bums. 
Jacob Scott and Hannah Wortman, Jan. 12, 1836, by David McGuire. 
James Scott and Mary Foster, June 3, 1828, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
James Scott and Jantj Scott, May 24, 1830, by Thomas Phillips. J. P. 
John Scott and Eliza Skelly, April 3, 1821, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John W. Scott and Jane Pittis, Aug. 22, 1839, by Rev. Thomas West. 
Joseph Scott and Mary Croskey, Feb. 7. 1822, by John Walker, V. D. M. 
Josiah Scott and Mary Lloyd, Aug. 2, 1830, by Rev. James Robertson. 
Josiah Scott and Mary Jane Bingham, Nov, 26, 1833, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Robert Scott and Catherine Scott. Oct. 11, 1839, by Rev. G. D. Kinner. 
George Scripper and Jean Ferrier, Feb. 26, 1818, by William Slemmons. J. P. 
Ebenezer Scroggs and Sarah Smilie, Sept. 19, 1839, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Enoch Sears and Sarah McMillan, Dec. 27. 1839, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
Ephriam Sears and Charlotte Shotwell, Nov. 23, 1815, by Charles Chapman, 

J. P. 
Samuel Seers and Jane Pugh, Nov. 19, 1816, by James Roberts. 
John W. Selby and Betsy Lion, Dec. 3, 1818, by Thomas Parkinson. J. P. 
John Selby and Jane Rogers. Oct. 8, 1840, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Nicholas Selby and Evelina Pugh, Nov. 9, 1837, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Benjamin Sell and Mary Fowler, Feb. 20, 1817, by Thomas Fisher, J. P. 
Joseph Seton and Lucy Williams, Sept. 24. 1815, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
James Settle and Lydia Hancher, Dec. 11, 1835, by William Boggs, J. P. 
Lemuel F. Settle and Eleanor Dewitt, May 7, 1835, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Asa Sewell and Margaret Evans, Dec. 19, 1833, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
Greenberry Sewell and Nancy Gracer, April 27, 1837, by M. F. Burkhead, J. P. 
John Sewell and Jane Gilmore, Oct. 10, 1824, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Abraham Shaffer and Margaret Blagher, May 7, 1835, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 
George Shaeffer and Margaret Saltzgiver, Nov. 25, 1823, by Rev. J. Wagenhals. 
Philip Shafer and Sarah Angel, Dec. 2, 1819, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Edward Shallcross and Sarah Packer. March 15, 1838, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
George Shambaugh and Matilda Hazlett, Jan. 24, 1839, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 
Philip Shambaugh and Catherine Albaugh, Jan. 7, 1833, by Dewalt Rothacker. 
John Shamel and Rachel Grewell, Aug. 19, 1836, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 
Samuel Shank and Elizabeth Snedeker, Feb. 23, 1816, by Walter B. Beebe, J. P. 
Stephen Shanks and Mary Ann Moore, May 24, 1827, by Rev. William B. Evans. 
Ebenezer L. Shannon and Elizabeth Butler, Dec. 13, 1832, by Edward Talbott, 

J. P. 


Isaac Shannon and Isabella Hagerty, Sept. 27, 1821, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Isaac Shannon and Sarah Stone, Jan 12, 1826, by Rev. John Rea, V. D. M. 
Isaac Shannon and Rachel Reed, June 30, 1837, by Rev. Joseph Clokey. 
Nathan Shannon and Martha Hagerty, Dec. 12, 1816, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Nathan Shannon and Mary Endsley, April 27, 1820, by John Rea. V. D. M. 
Newton Shannon and Abigail Titus, March 19, 1816, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Wilson Shannon and Sarah Osburn, Nov. 27, 1832, by John McArthur. 
Zacheus Shannon and Jemima Huff, June 16, 1822, by William Cunningham. 
Benjamin Sharfick and Sarah Blue, Sept. 6, 1821, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Sharon and Matilda Havenor, Dec. 16, 1824, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
William Sheren and Rachel Griffin, Dec. 28. 1826, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
William Sharon and Esther Barcroft, March 3, 1835, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Sharp and Catherine Thompson, May 15, 1832, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Thomas Sharp and Margaret Stine, Aug. 12, 1828, by Morris AUbaugh. 
William Sharpe and Elizabeth Goriet. July 14, 1836, by Rev. John Walker. 
Thomas M. Shaw and Jane M. Pritchard, June 11, 1839, by Thomas Phillips. 

J. P. 
Abi-aham Shawver and Caty Wilson, June 24, 1831, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Jacob Shawber and Catherine Beckly, March 6, 1814, by Rev. John Rinehart. 
Jacob Shawber and Barbara Harner, Dec. 22, 1816, by Rev. John Rinehart. 
John Shawver and Elizabeth Shearer, Jan. 14, 1836, by D. Rothacker. 
Robert Sheets and Jane C. Carson, Dec. 5, 1839, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
James Shelby and Mary Ann Rogers, March 15, 1836, by R. Hammond. J. P. 
John Shelby and Prudence Poulson, Oct. 28, 1813, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Jacob Shepler and Delila Everhart, Jan. 10, 1828, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Andrew Sheridan and Margaret Pillars, May 31, 1828, by Rev. Jacob Cozad. 
Joshua Sheridan and Mary Dillon, Aug. 13, 1829, by Rev. Jacob Cozad. 
Caleb Shei-man and Mary Forkner, April 10, 1832, by Thomas Day, J. P. 
Hudson Sherrow and Eleanor Mercer, Jan. 26, 1825, by Rev. Jacob Roberts. 
Joel Sherwood and Mary A. Cook, Jan. 22. 1835, by George Brown, J. P. 
William Sherwood and Jane McCullough, May 22, 1835, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
James Shields and Elizabeth Everhart, May 23, 1826. by William Holmes, J. P. 
John Shield and Sarah Turner, Dec. 27, 1816, by William Haverfield, J. P. 
William Shields and Anne Thompson, Aug. 18, 1831, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
George Shildts and Margaret Webster, July 2, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Jacob Shiltz and Hannah Fisher, Aug. 20, 1840, by John Gruber, J. P. 
John Shlldtz and Mary Ann Firebaugh, Aug. 10, 1834. by Alexander Biddle. 
Wesley W. Shimer and Elizabeth Wilson, Sept. 11, 1834, by Thomas Phillips, 

J. P. 
Wesley Shimer and Sarah Button. Feb. 13, 1839, by John Knox, J. P. 
William Shimer and Martha Bufkin, June 19, 1839, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Thomas Shipton and Elice Crossen, April 9, 1839, by W. D. McCartney. 

V. D. M. 
Richard Shivers and Margaret King, April 20, 1826, by Alexander Moore, J. P. 
Samuel Shivers and Catherine Brown, April 11, 1833, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
Thomas Shivers and Mary Morris, April 20, 1837, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Arrison ShotWell and Mary Dickenson, Oct. 1, 1835, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
William Shotwell and Rhoda Beebe, Feb. 24, 1819, by H. H. Carith, J. P. 
Barnard Shouse and Rachel Parmer, Sept. 14. 1820, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 


Isaac Shover and Sally Myers, Nov. 18, 1830, by Morris Allbaugh, J. P. 
Jonas Shrieve and Matilda Campbell, April 13, 1826, by Alexander Moore, J. P. 
George Shriver and Catherine Harman, June 16, 1831, by Van Brown, J. P. 
George Shuck and Isablla Webster, June 26, 1819, by Martin Guilinger, J. P, 
John Shook and Betsey Busier, Dec. 8, 1831, by Lot Doming, J. P. 
Solomon Shultz and Rachel Kenouve, Aug. 19, 1823, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Daniel Shun>an and Hetty Pillars, April 11, 1832, by John Huston. J. P. 
George Simmons and Elizabeth Stall, April 19, 1833, by John Busby, J. P. 
Henderson Simmons and Cena Mills, May 23, 1833, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Isaikh Simmons and Rachel Arbaugh, March 3, 1826, by James Manning. 
'*^ohn Simmons and Anne Longshore, Jan. 7, 1830, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
John Simmons and Sarah Chaney Feb. 16, 1832, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
William Simmons and Elizabeth Allbaugh. March 13, 1820, by B. W. Viers, J. P. 
George Simonton and Lydia Laymaster. July 4, 1818, by Robert McKee, J. P. 
Alexander Simpson and Eliza Evans. April 4, 1826, by James Smith, J. P. 
James Simpson and Mary Noble, June 26, 1S36, by James Evans, J. P. 
John Simpson and Margaret Law, Dec. 20, 1S39, by Rev. J. K. McCue. 
Matthew Simpson and Anna Wright, Sept. 12, 1820, by John Conaway, J. P. 
Matthew Simpson and Susan Orr, April 19, 1827, by Rev. William Knox. 
Robert P. Simpson and Asenath Fowler, Aug. 9, 1832, by Elijah C. Stone. 
Thomas Simpson and Nancy Mcllroy, Nov. 25, 1819, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Thomas Simpson and Rosanna McMuUans, Dec. 24, 1835, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
James Singer and Tacy Goodwin, .July 29. 1838, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
John Singer and Hannah Goodwin, Feb. 27, 1833, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Thomas Singer and Nancy Woolcord, Nov. 3, 1836, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Albert Singhaus and Deborah Busby, Feb. 6, 1838, by William Arnold, J. P. 
John Sisler and Elizabeth Hendricks. April 28. 1835, by Richard Lyons, J. P. 
Isaac Skeels and Harriett Belknap, May 13, 1817, by William Dixon. 
John SkeDy and Esther Hanna, Dec. 23, 1834, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Philip Skinner and Mary Ann Collins, March 2, 1826, by Benjamin S. Cowan, 

J. P. 
John Slemmons and Ruth Merrel, June 11, 1840, by Rev. Robert Brown. 
Samuel Slemmons and Susanna Osburn, Jan. 21, 1829, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Matthew Sloan and Eliza Grimes, June 24, 1830, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Jacob Smidley and Lydia Shook, Oct. 27, 1831, by Lot Doming, J. P. 
James Smiley and Mar.garet Cone, Oct. 2, 1837, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
Aaron Smith and Margaret House, May 14, 1823, by Rev. Curtis Goddard. 
Alexander Smith and Jane Lyons, Jan. 13, 1813, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Alexander Smith and Rebecca Smith, March 5, 1837, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Amos Smith and Mary Ann Ford, Oct. 22, 1839, by John Knox, J. P. 
Benjamin C. Smith and Jane B. Cartnell, Jan. 11, 1820, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Culbert Smith and Jane Anderson, Nov. 13, 1834, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Culbert Smith and Jane Anderson, Nov. 22, 1834, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Daniel Smith and Ziporah Orr, Nov. 23, 1837, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 
David Smith and Rachel Busby, May 21, 1818, by Robert McKee, J. P. 
Enoch Smith and Damaris Edwards, Aug. 14, 1828, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 
Ephriam Smith and Elizabeth Parkison, Nov. 24, 1818, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Francis Smith and Edith Markee, Aug. 5, 1824, by Thomas Hurless, J. P. 


George Smith and Susanna Baker, Feb. 12, 1818, by Walter B. Beebe, J. P, 

George Smith and Elizabeth Groves, Dec. 24, 1818, by John Crawford, J. P. 

George Smith and Pratty Dodds, Nov. 16, 1820, by Thomas Patton, J. P. 

George Smith and Rachel Eaton, Aug. 21, 1823, by Archibald McElroy. 

George B. Smith and Mary Emline Pritchard, March 3, 1836, by Samuel Skin- 
ner, J. P. ^ 

Henry Smith and Elizatieth Keefer, Oct. 18, 1815, by John Busby, J. P. 

Henry K. Smith and Elizabeth Dorsey, April 10, 1836, by Rev. Cornelius D. 

Isaiah Smith and Elizabeth McLenahan, Jan. 14, 1830, by George Brown, J. P. 

Jacob Smith and Elizabeth Guttery, Sept. 23, 1824, by Rev. John Crom. 

James Smith and Mary Brown, Nov. 21, 1817, by Thomas B. Clark, J. P. 

James Smith and Elizabeth Cook, Feb. 23, 1832, by George W. Bell, J. P. 

James Smith and Elizabeth Braden, March 10, 1835, by Rev. Edward H. Taylor. 

Jesse Smith and Susanna Tipton, May 11, 1825, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

Joel Smith and Susan Conaway, Dec. 31, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

John Smith and Sarah McFee, March 12, 1821, by Rev. James Roberts. 

John Smith and Caty Bair, Oct. 15, 1821, by Rev. Michael Harmon. 

John Smith and Sarah Beall, April 24, 1834, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

Joseph Smith and Rebecca Murry, May 14, 1816, by William Haverfield, J. P. 

Joseph D. Smith and Louisa Hefling, March 26, 1818, by Rev. Cornelius 

Joseph Smith and Lydia Reeves, Dec. 1, 1825, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

Martin B. Smith and Rebecca Welling, Feb. 8, 1838, by Rev. James Drummond. 

Nathan W. Smith and Maria Waits, Nov. 15, 1825. by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Nathaniel Smith and Abiah W. Merrill, Aug. 11, 1831, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Samuel Smith and Ruth Ford, Oct. 18, 1838, by David G. McGuire, J. P. 

Samuel Smith and Mary Gibson, Oct. 28, 1838, by Aaron Conaway, J. P. 

Silas Smith and Nancy Jones, May 26, 1831, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 

Thomas J. Smith and Dorcas Welling, Jan. 19, 1830, by Thomas M. Hudson. 

Washington Smith and Hannah Ramage, Feb. 18, 1839, by William Wallace, 
V. D. M. 

William Smith and Sarah Salsbuary, May 2, 1824, by John Wagner, J. P. 

William Smith and Nancy Burwell, Aug. 11, 1825, by Rev. William Wallace. 

William P. Smith and Margaret Parker, Aug. 31, 1826, by Alexander Moore. 
J. P. 

William Smath and Susanna Huff, Sept. 17, 1829, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 

William Smith and Catherine Naragon, Feb. 16, 1832, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Philip Smithley and Polly Cook, Oct. 24, 1833, by David Bower, J. P. 

Barton Smoot and Hannah Doney, Dec. 31, 1829, by George Brown, J. P. 

John Smoot and Elizabeth Hendershott, Nov. 17, 1825, by George Brown, J. P. 

Nathan Smoot and Elizabeth Helm, Oct. 8, 1822, by George Brown, J. P. 

Henry S. Sneary and Susanna Minnick, April 13, 1837, by Adam Hetzler. 

Jacob Sneary and Mary Turney, Aug. 3, 1830, by John Gruber, J. P. 

William Snee and Ann Spirtchel July 3, 1839, by C. E. Weirick. 

Adam Snider and Catherine Shuess, June 20, 1822, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Adam Snider and Margaret Harner, April 24, 1823, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Adam Snider and Polly Angle, Dec. 20, 1838, by Andrew Lynch, J. P. 

Henry Snider and Hannah Miller. March 26, 1820, by John Wagner, J. P. 

John Snider and Lydia Bennett, Feb. 8, 1818, by Walter B. Beebe, J. P. 


John A. Snyder and Christina Copeland, Jan. 22, 1835, by John McArthur. 

V. D. M. 
Samuel Snider and Rachel Moore, Oct. 30, 1838, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
David Snodgrass and Catherine Phillips, Dec. 20, 1838, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
George Snoutagle and Peggy Mundole, March 17, 1825, by Donald Mcintosh, 

V. D. M. 
John Sparks and Mary Bair, Dec. 2, 1830, by Morris Allbaugh, J. P. 
John Speck and Margaret Spiker, June 8, 1837, by Rev. James Merryman. 
John Speedy and Christena Ann McMasters, Nov. 1, 1832, by ReV. James 

John Speer and Mary Crozier, June 7, 1827, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 
David E. Spencer and Margaret Ferrell. Oct. 1, 1840, by Rev. William Knox. 
James Spencer and Susan Shivers, April 2, 1820, by Thomas C. Carter, J. P. 
Joel Spencer and Michael Ridgway, June 16, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Joseph Spencer and Biddy Archbold, Nov. 18, 1817, by William Anderson, J. P, 
Joseph G. Spencer and Mary Bryan, Jan. 17, 1833, by Philip Fulton. J. P. 
Christopher Spiker and Ary Carens, Feb. 24, 1825, by Alexander Moore, J. P, 
Christopher Spiker and Nancy Lukens, Jan. 1, 1832, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 
Jacob Spiker and Juliann Hanna. May 1, 1830, by Thomas McCleary. 
Philip Spiker and Rebeckah Makee, Oct. 27, 1814, by William Knox. 
Jesse Sponsler and Betsey Rymer, Dec. 29, 1836, by John M. Brovm, J. P. 
John Spray and Betsey Fowler, Dec. 12, 1822, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Charles Sprenkel and Sarah Neff. Sept. 19, 1826, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Frederick Spring and Rachel Horn, Oct. 11, 1838, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
John Spring and Margaret Williams, Aug. 27, 1818, by James Roberts. 
John Spring and Nancy Ferguson. Sept. 7, 1834, by V/illiam Wyckoff, J. P. 
Jacob Springer and Peggy Alhaugh, Jan. 24, 1816, by Martin Guilinger. 
John Springer and Margaret Salmons, Aug. 19, 1830, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Levi Springer and Mary Hendricks, Dec. 11, 1828. by Robert Orr, J. P. 
Samuel Springer and Elizabeth Kennedy, Nov. 29, 1832, by Elder James Garri- 
William Springer and Sarah Dewel, Aug. 1, 1815, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
John Sproul and Susan Geary. July 10, 1832, by William VvT'allace, V. D. M. 
William Sproul and Mary Young, April 30, 1840, by James Kerr, V. D. M. 
Richard Spurrier and Amy Barret, Oct. 20, 1831, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Samuel Spurrier and Mary Worrall, March 13, 1828, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Warner Spurrier and Mary Hoops, Oct. 11. 1827, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Elijah Staats and Ann Baker, Sept 12, 1836, by Rev.- Jacob Lemmon. 
Abraham Stall and Elizabeth Grove, March 14, 1828, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Stall and Mary Ann Condo, March 29, 1832, by William Arnold, J. P. 
William Stall and Susa Firebaugh, Sept. 15, 1816, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
William Stall and Susanna Knagey, Feb. ]0, 1829, by Isaac Allen, J. P. 
George Stallsmith and Elizabeth Springer, Nov. 6, 1832, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Charles Staples and Margaret Truzle, May 4, 1819, by Michael Harmon. 
Charles H. Staples and Mary Suck, April 14, 1836, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 
Horatio St. Clair and Ann Hickey, Oct. 29, 1828, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Israel St. Clair and Hannah Morris, Oct. 12, 1837, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Andrew S. Steel and Elizabeth Wellis, May 10, 1835, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Jacob Steel and Mary Ann Kirby, Sept. 27, 1835, by George Brown, J. P. 
James Steel and Susanna Norman, Nov. 25, 1824, by Isaac Allen, J. P. 


James Steel and Susannah Tayson, March 7, 1837, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Samuel Steel and Rebecca Kirby, Sept. 20, 1838, by Matthew H. Phillips, J. P. 
Elias Steffy and Susanna Wiand, March 5, 1839, by John Gruber, J. P. 
George Steffy and Sary Wagner, March 27, 1827, by Rev. Jacob Winters. 
Jacob Steinman and Susanna Muntz, July 5, 1821, by John Wagner, J. P. 
William Steen and Mary Gibney, Dec. 11, 1823, by Hugh Shotwell, J. P. 
John Steeves and Eliza Girt, May 2, 1839, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 
David Stephens and Elizabeth Delany, June 15, 1813, by John Wiley, J. P. 
Hezekiah Stephens and Elizabeth Clow, Nov. 13, 1815, by James Roberts. 
Jonathan Stephen and Betsey Salmon, Feb. 24, 1825, by J. R. Kirkpatrick, J. P. 
Owen Stevens and Anne Chambers, Nov. 15, 1838, by Charles Thorn. 
Robert Stephens and Ann Walker, Feb. 22, 1821, by Rev. James Roberts. 
John Stevenson and Mary Ann Kinney, Dec. 30, 1829, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Andrew Stewart and Mary Ann Snider, May 31, 1840. by Rev. Robert Cook. 
Christopher Stewart and Magdalene Fulk, May 17, 1832, by Rev. Adam 

Ephron P. Stewart and Mary Ann Rigg, April 5, 1832, by Lot Deming, J. P. 
George Stewart and Mary Berrick, May 16, 1822, by John 7/agner, J. P. 
James Stewart and Jane Patterson, Feb. 6, 1834, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Jesse Stewart and Rebecca Haines, Oct. 7, 1831, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Joseph Stewart and Jane Thompson, June 19, 1837, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
William Stewart and Mary Sche, April 18, 1837, by John Graham. 
John Stiers and Cinthia Holmes, Jan. 11, 1821, by John Gra.ham. 
Andrew Stinson and Elizabeth Moorehead, Aug. 30, 1821, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Elias W. Stone and Tabitha Garven, March 31, 1831, by Rev. William Wallace. 
Elijah C. Stone and Mary Suddeth, Dec. 12. 1822, by John Graham. 
Lemuel Stone and Catherine McCormick, March 20, 1838, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Samuel R. Stone and Mary Hanna, March 1, 1831, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Solomon Stone and Catherine Albaugh, Aug. 10, 1819, by 3. W. Veirs, J. P. 
Frederick Stonebreaker and Fanny Bair, Dec. 5, 1819, by Rev. John Brown, 
Jacob Stonebrook and Agnes Markley, Aug. 25, 1825, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Jacob Stoner and Honor Snider, April 26, 1838, by David P.ower, J. P. 
John Stracher and Hannah England, Sept. 27, 1818, by Archibald McGrew, J. P. 
John Stradling and Sarah Gray, Jan. 12, 1832, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
George Straughsbaugh and Mary Elizabeth Smith, Aug. 22, 1839, by James 

Kerr, V. D. M. 
Peter Strausbaugh and Sophia Grim, April 4, 1833, by Dewalt Rothacker.. 
William Strawsbaugh and Jane Busby, March 6, 1840, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Daniel Strayer and Anna Knagey, May 14, 1823, by Rev. John Crom. 
John Striker and Eliza Beadle, Sept. 4, 1832, by Charles Fawcett, J. P. 
Richard Stringer and Elizabeth Caren, July 14, 1829, by Rev. John Crom. 
William Stringer and Isabella Ferguson, March 27, 1839, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
James Stroad and Sarah Parks, April 21, 1825, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
James Strong and Elizabeth Wilkin, Nov. 1, 1832, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Strong and Sarah Thompson Jan. 24, 1833, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
William Stroud and Warnetta Houser, March 5, 1836, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Mordecai Stubbins and Mary Spear, Nov. 21, 1833, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
George Stull and Mary Albaugh, Aug. 10, 1815, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 


Philip Stull and Catherine Fisher, Feb. 10, 1831. by John Gruber, J. P. 
Elias Sudduth and Margaret Garrett. Aug. 15, 1832, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Elias Sudduth and Nancy Mills, Aug. 21, 1838, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
John Summers and Rosanna Turner, April 19, 1838, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Isaac Suthard and Agnes Lee, Dec. 16, 1830, by Jesse Hooper. J. P. 
Joseph Swallow and Mary Johnson, Nov. 15, 1838, by Charles Thorn. 
John Swany and Julia Ann Harris, July 16, 1818. by Daniel David, J. P. 
Timothy Swaney and Susan P. Fry, Feb. 17, 1820, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
William Swaney and Margaret Denning, Feb. 18, 1826, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Johan C. Swangel and Elizabeth Stroup, Jan. 3. 1833, by Joseph Wolff, J. P. 
John Swanzel and Agnes Sudduth, Nov. 21, 1839, by John Selby, J. P. 
Burd Swagirt and Rachel Brannon, Oct. 30, 1822, by John McMahon. 
Elisha Swiger and Mary Fames. June 14, 1820, by William Carrothers, J. P. 
Lewis Swigert and Sarah Ames, Jan. 1, 1824, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Joseph Swigerts and Caty Fames, Aug. 2, 1821, by Williamson Carrothers, J. P. 
Jacob Swolley and Catherine Smith, Aug. 5 1827, by James Manning. 
Elijah Swords and Elizabeth Ross, Jan. 10, 1821, by Joseph Fry, J. P, 
David Taggart and Mary Bradford, Dec. 29, 1840, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
James Taggart and Eliza Kernaghan, April 10, 1832, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
James Taggart and Anne Craig, March 12, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
John Taggart and Margaret Gray, Jan. 8. 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
William Taggart and Betsey Kyle, April 22, 1835, by Rev. Thomas Hauna. 
James Tallman and Julian Cooper, Dec. 27, 1836, by Rev. C. D. Battelle. 
Dr. Benjamin Tappan and Vella Stanton, June 8, 1838, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
John Tarbert and Sarah Ann Dugan, Jan. 12, 1837, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
Peter Tarbert and Margaret Sands, April 27. 1837, by John Chalfan, J. P. 
Robert Tarbut and Marie Lazure, July 6, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 
Daniel Taw and Delila Shilts, Feb. 13, 1840, by .David Bowers, J. P. 
Abraham Taylor and Mary Warner, June 22, 1833, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 
John Taylor and Isabel Ferrell, June 9, 1830. by John Graham. 
Robert Taylor and Ann Ferrell, Feb. 12, 1829, by Samuel Hitchcock, J. P. 
Thomas Taylor and Agness Haverfield, Feb. 10, 1834, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
William P. S. Taylor and Sarah Barr, March 17, 1822, by James McMahon. 
Curtis W. Teator and Mary Essford, Sept. 5, 1830, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 
Enoch Tedrow and Julian Bricker, Nov. 10, 1836, by John Wagner, J. P. 
George Tedrow and Betsey Hardsock, Nov. 4, 1826, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Jacob Teets and Margaret McMillan, Sept. 19, 1839, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
Peter Teet and Margaret Milliken, March 25, 1830, by George Brown, J. P. 
Stephen Teets and Jane McMullen, April 12, 1838, by Samuel Ramsey, J. P. 
Nathaniel Templeton and Nancy Parker, March 23, 1837, by John M. Brown, 

J. P. 
Simon Tewalt and Elizabeth Lewis, June 15, 1818, by William Carrothers, J. P. 
Isaac Thomas, Jr., and Elizabeth Dickerson, Dec. 20, 1822, by Rev. James 

John Thomas and Eliza Jane Turner, Jan. 23, 1836. by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Joseph S. Thomas and Martha B. Olmsted, March 12, 1840, by James Kerr, 

V. D. M. 


Liverton Thomas and Mary Ann Glendon, Nov. 25, 1834, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Miller Thomas and Mary Maffit, March 4, 1836, by Rev. .James C. Taylor. 
Thomas Thomas and Mary Doney, Sept. 24, 1835, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Andrev/ Thompson and Jane Sloan, April 11, 1832, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
David Thompson and Sarah Rea, Feb. 21, 1832, by Rev. John C. Tidball. 
Eli Thompson and Sally Sell, Feb. 12, 1829, by Morris Albaugh, J. P. 
George W. Thompson and Eliza Huffman, March 31, 1836, by Robert Simpson, 

J. P. 
James Thompson and Mary Koker, Sept. 25, 1823, by John Hiirless, J. P. 
John Thompson and Mary Devenbaugh, April 28, 1825, by J. R. Kirkpatrick, 

J. P. 
John Thompson and Elizabeth Baker, Sept. 27, 1831, by Rev. David Mexryman. 
John G. Thompson and Mary Dunlap, March 23, 1837, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Joseph Thompson and Elizabeth Manly, July 5. 1831, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Richard Thompson and Jane Polen, March 20, 1832, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Samuel Thompson and Mary Valentine, March 16, 1824, by Rev. John Mc- 

Thomas Thompson and Rebecca Brown, Dec. 31, 1838, by Rev. James Drum- 

Thomas Thompson and Isabell Edie, July 16, 1840, by W. D. McCartney, 

V. D. M. 
William Thompson and Mary Shields, Dec. 30, 1830, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Zachariah Thompson and Priscilla Albaugh, Jan. 15, 1822, by B. W. Viers, J. P. 
Jodiah Thorn and Rachel White, Oct. 25, 1825, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
John Tice and Polly Merrill, Nov. 1, 1827, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
Abraham Timmons and Martha Dent, April 18, 1816, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Forney Timmons and Elizabeth Lacy, June 11, 1839, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Frederick Timmons and Eliza Lacy, Dec. 16, 1828, by Rev. William Knox. 
Joseph Tingley and Hannah Neill, Aug. 11, 1816, by Paul Preston. 
Henry Tipton and Miscinda Kail, Nov. 6, 1834, by John Gruber, J. P. 
John Tipton and Christianna Tanner, April 8, 1818, by William Wyckoff, J. P, 
Joshua Tipton and Jane McConkey, Oct. 13, 1836, by James Endsley, J. P. 
Josiah Tipton and Catherine Norris, April 1, 1817, by Williamson Carrothers. 
Miles Tipton and Susan Ross, March 24, 1S31, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Shadrach Tipton and Mehala Petty, Oct. 20, 1829, by Jesse Hooper, J. P. 
Sylvester Tipton and Mary Bliss, June 29, 1830, by Thomas McCleary. 
Sylvester Tipton and Naomi Hanna, Dec. 8, 1836, by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 
William Tipton and Patience Pugh, Feb. 24, 1818, by James Roberts. 
William Tipton and Amelia Thompson, March 23, 1826, by Rev. William Tipton. 
William Tipton and Catherine Gregory, Dec. 17, 1829, by Joseph Johnson. J. P. 
William Tipton and Orpah Bond, Nov. 20, 1834, by William Arnold, J. P. 
William Tipton and Jane McKiterick, March 26, 1839, by W. D. McCartney, 

V. D. M. 
John Titus and Letty Baxter, Sept. 12, 1815, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Uriah Titus and Eliza Kidwell, May 16, 1833, by Rev. Moses Scott. 
George Todd and Jane Williamson, Nov. 15, 1827, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
James Todd and Jane Smith, Nov. 14, 1822, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John A. Todd and Mary Love, Aug. 16, 1830, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 



Robert Todd and Martha Auld, Aug. 31, 1824, by Thomas Hanna, V. D. M. 
Cornelius Toland and Sarah Crumby, Jan. 24, 1832, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
James Tomlinson and Mary Poulson, Jan. 10, 1825, by John Graham. 
James Tomlinson and Margaret Cope, Sept. 30, 1830, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Charles Toner and Martha Riley, Dec. 29, 1819, by Peter Johnson, J. P. 
John Tool and Priscilla Gregory, June 14, 1824, by Thomas R. Ruckle. 
Thomas Tool and Matilda Parmer, April 7, 1831, by Philip Fulton, J. P. 
Jacob Tope and Catherine Kail, Oct. 17, 1822, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 
John Tope and Mary Everly, Nov. 24, 1821, by Robert McLaughlin, J. P. 
Stephen Tope and Jemima Kail, Sept. 19. 1824, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 
Matthew Torrence and Judia Hess, Dec. 11, 1821, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 
James Townsend and Mary Allen Trover, July 2, 1837, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Seneca Townsend and Eliza Downey, Oct. 28, 1830, by Philip Fulton, J. P. 
Edward Treakle and Eleanor Hinton Dec. 22, 1831, by James Miller, J. P. 
James Treacle and Lina Anders, Aug. 3, 1826, by Alexander Moore. J. P. 
Nathan Treacle and Polly Auld, March 27, 1818, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Samuel Tribby and Fanney Yost, June 22, 1818, by James Roberts. 
Philip Trine and Jane Knox, Oct. 15, 1833, by Rev. Aurora Callender. 
Alexander Trotter and Elizabeth Shriver, Jan. 17, 1839, by Andrew Lynch, J. P. 
John True and Jane Dalby, Dec. 25, 1836, by David Bower, J. P. 
John Trusal and Fanny Little, Dec. 26, 1826, by Rev. Samuel Briggs. 
Abisha Turner ard Priscilla Pickering, Aug. 27, 1825, by John Russel, J. P. 
Allen G. Turner and Margaret T. Kennedy, Sept. 7, 1837, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Daniel Turner and Jane Hogg, Nov. 20, 1817, by Daniel David, J. P. 
EUbridge Turner and Elizabeth Johnson, Nov. 1, 1821, by George Brown, J. P. 
Henry L. Turner ind Julian Sharp, July 26, 1835, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Isaac Turner and Rachel Poulson, Oct. 6, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
James Turner and Jane Holmes, Aug. 23, 1834, by Thomas McClintock, J. P. 
Joab Turner and Ary Johnson, April 4, 1822, by George Brown, .1. P. 
Otho Williams Turner and Mary Scott, Dec. 31, 1835, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M. 
Solomon Turner and Elizabeth Porter, Jan. 12, 1832, by Rev. John Moffit. 
Sterling Turner and Rebecca Turner, Aug. 24, 1819, by Abriam Johnson, J. P. 
Jacob Turney and Rachel Lyle, May 28, 1835, by David Finnicum, J. P. 
Jonas Turney and Elizabeth Carpenter, May 8, 1836, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Solomon Turney and Barbara Ann ZoUars, June 3, 1831, by John Gruber, J. P. 
John Turnpaugh and Maria Rogers, Aug. 12, 1824, by Isaac Allen, J. P. 
John Tweedy and Elizabeth Bosley, Dec. 29, 1836, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Lewis Twigg and Susan Lindsey, June 23, 1831, by George Brown, J. P. 
John Twinam and Hannah Whann, June 5, 1828, by Salmon Cowles, V. D. M. 
Thomas Underbill and Elizabeth Wright, June 15, 1826, by Michael Conaway, 

J. P. 
James UpdegrafE and Motlena Manneck, Nov. 16, 1821, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 
John Updegraff and Magdeleny Smithly, Aug. 8. 1833, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 
Henry Urick and Nancy Carpenter, Jan. 6, 1831, by John Gruber, J. P. 
John Urquhart, and Mary Holmes, Feb. 18. 1819, by Thomas Dickerson. J. P. 
Moses Urquehart and Ann Hanna, July 17, 1823, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Harrison Utterback and Harriet Fincer, Nov. 26, 1833, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
James Utterback and Leana Blackwell, Dec. 31, 1835, by M. F. Burkhead. 
Robert Utterback and Matilda Hilton, Nov. 7, 1837, by M. F. Burkhead J P 


Isaac Vail and Mary Fulton, Nov. 14, 1S33, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 

Absalom Valentine and Susanna Worley, July 1, 1830, by William Tiploii. 

Elijah Van Buskirk and Margaret Lyons, Nov. 26, 1840, by Richard Brown. 

John Vanceler and Elizabeth Swegirt, April 4, 1822, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Jacob Vandegraff and Betsey Hucle, Aug. 15, 1816, by Walter B. Beebe, J. P. 

Rezin Vandegraft and Abagail Tedrow, Nov. 14, 1833, by William Arnold, J. P. 

Jesse Vandergrifft and Sophia Bricker, March 17, 1836, by John Gruber, J. P. 

Bethuel Vandike and Hannah Vankirk, April 21, 1831, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 

Peter Vandoluh and Nancy Shotwell, Sept. 28, 1815, by Samuel G. B. Berryhill, 
J. P. 

Azariah Vanhorn and Elizabeth McClary, March 16, 1818, by Thomas Parkin- 
son, J. P. 

Isaac Vanhoi-n and Elizabeth Gilbert, Nov. 27, 1817. by Walter B. Beebe, J. P. 

Jacob Vanhorn and Casander Batty, Feb. 8, 1830, by Rev. James Robertson. 

John Vanhorn and Mary Rose, March 22, 1821, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Samuel Vanliorn and Elizabeth Minord, Sept. 2, 1823, by Rev. John Crom. 

Samuel Vanhorn and Sophia Minard, Oct. 19, 1824. by John Hurless. J. P. 

Thomas Vanhorn and Harriet Richards, Nov. 24, 1821, by Robert McLaughlin, 
J. P. 

Henry Vausickle and Mary Dewitt, Sept. 29, 1832, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 

Levi Vansickle and Sarah Lawyers, Sept. 15, 1831, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 

Samuel Vansickle and Elizabeth Reeves, Sept. 12, 1833, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 

Mi.chael Vanvleara and Phebe Crom, Oct. 15, 1820, by William Haverfield, J. P. 

Ephriam Vasbinder and Maria Buchanan. Sept. 17, 1833, by John McArthur, 
V. D. M. 

George H. Veirs and Margaret Robison, April 13, 1832, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 

John Veirs and Rebecca Salsbury, Sept. 23, 1824, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Edward Veneman and Fanny Switezer, Jan. 26, 1835, by George W. Bell, J. P. 

George C. Vincent and Margaret Walker, Sept. 10, 1838, by Rev. Thomas 

James Vincent and Eliza Jane Cranch, Sept. 19, 1839, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Thomas C. Vincent and Jane Macurdy, Aug. 24, 1820, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

Archibald Virtue and Elizabeth Conaway, Feb. 1, 1821, by Robert Maxwell, J. P 

D. Jacob Vorhes and Miss Mary Welch, Dec. 24, 1829, by John Rea, V. D. M. 

John Voshel and Nancy Roby, Feb. 11, 1840, by Levi Peddycoart, J. P. 

David Waddle and Uthamia Garret, Jan. 12, 1832, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 

Robert Wade and Elizabeth McCarty, Sept. 21, 1840, by Rev. William L. Bald- 

Nimrod Wagers and Sarah Richey, July 5, 1832, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 

Richard Wagers and Sarah Mayes, Aug. 30, 1832, by George W. Bell, J. P. 

Daniel Wagner and Polly Brecker, June 14, 1835, by John Gruber, J. P. 

George Wagner and Christiana Hiseler, March 29, 1821, by John Wagner, J. P, 

Henry Wagner and Susanna Able, Aug. 11, 1829, by John Gruber, J. P. 

John Wagner and Peggy Hosterman, Aug. 7, 1823, by William Holmes, J. P. 

John Wagner and Molly Saylor, April 27, 1827, by Rev. Jacob Winters. 

John Wagner and Anna Johnson, March 18, 1830, by Robert Pittis, J. P. 

James Wagstaff and Eve Ross, Sept. 23, 1817, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 

John Wagstaff and Isabella Turner, Jan. 17, 1S28, by Samuel Hitchcock. 
J. P. 


Joseph Wagstaff and Elizabeth Williams, March 12, 1818, by William Taggart. 

Robert Wagstaff and Sarah Duncan, March 15, 1831, by William Taggart, 
V. D. M. 

Robert R. Wait and Sally Staats, March 12, 1822, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

William Wallcutt and Anna Aimes, Sept. 2, 1832, by John Wagner, J. P. 

George Walker and Ruth Park, Dec. 26, 1822, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 

Jacob Walker and Nancy Norman, March 13, 1821, by Rev. James Roberts. 

John Walker and Agnes Walker, Jan. 28, 1819, by John Walker, J. P. 

John Walker and Margaret Lion, April 18, 1822, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 

Lorenzo D. Walker and Eliza Matilda Forney, Oct. 29, 1840, by Rev. G. D. 

Thomas Walker and Esther Barcroft, Jan. 10, 1838, by John Caldwell, J. P. 

Wesley Walker and Susanna Forney, Sept. 19, 1833, by Rev. William Tipton. 

William Walker and Jane McKinney, June 10, 1834, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 

William Walker and Mary Jane Lightner, Oct. 24, 1839, by Rev. William Tag- 

James Wallace and Jane McFaddcn, March 11, 1832, by William Taggart, 
V. D. M. 

James B. Wallace and Mary Ann Peterson, Nov. 12, 1839, by Rev. Lewis Janne5\ 

Joseph W. Wallis and Harriet Worster, Sept. 14, 1837, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 

Nathaniel A. Wallace and Jane Watson, March 6, 1834, by Rev. Jacob Coon. 

Robert Wallace and Albina Wilson, Jan. 16, 1833, by William Taggart, V. D. M, 

Robert Wallace and Rachel Dugan, June 20. 1833, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

William Wallace and Nancy Muncy, Feb. 17, 1819, b-y James Roberts, 

William Wallace and Elizabeth McCague, June 22, 183.5, by Rev. D. C. Merry-. 

Verden Wallar and Edith Layport, April 12, 1825, by Michael Conaway. J. P. 

William Waller and Sarah Jane M. Rose, Oct. 24, 1839, by Thomas Phillips, 
J. P. 

William Walraven and Polly Ross, Dec. 24, 1818, by James Roberts. 

Henry Walters and Catherine Myers, Dec. 12, 1822, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 

Henry Walters and Elizabeth Laughridge, March 9, 1837, by David G. Mc- 
Guire, J. P. 

Jacob Walter and Susanna Manganett, March 26, 1820, by Rev. Michael Her- 

Jacob Walters and Elizabeth Crom. Feb. 20, 1823, by Rev. John Crom. 

Jacob Walters and Elizabeth Hogland, May 9, 1833, by George W. Bell, J. P. 

Jacob Walters and Clemmy Thompson, May 5, 1839, by John Gruber, J. P. 

Samuel Walters and Elizabeth Smith, Nov. 13, 1827, by Rev. John Crom. 

James Ward and Martha Thompson, Nov. 4, 1819, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 

John Ward and Nancy McFee, April 13, 1822, by Rev. James Roberts. 

Charles Warfel and Mary Boyd, May 7, 1833, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 

George Warfel and Elizabeth Helbert, March 21, 1816, by Charles Chapman, 
J. P. 

Daniel Warner and Sophia Smith, Feb. 23, 1837, by David Bower, J. P. 

John Warner and Margaret Chinneth. Oct. 8, 1835, by Rev Adam Webster. 

Thomas Warnick and Rachel Thompson, Jan. 17, 1832. by George W. Bell, J. P. 

Allen Waters and Mary Ann Haxton, July 17, 1821, by Thomas Patton, J. P. 

Allen Watters and Caroline Garret, July 6, 1837, by Rev. Richard Brown. 

John Waters and Sarah Kirkpatrick, April 9, 1816, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 


John Waters and Mary Johnston, May 23, 1816, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
John Watters and Elizabeth Snider, June 26, 1838, by Robert Simpson, J. P. 
Joseph Waters and Rebecca Merryman, May 13, 1829, by John Secrest. 
Nathan Watters and Catherine Foutz, May 18, 1837, by Robert P. Simpson, 

J. P. 
William Watters and Anne McAdoo, April 19, 1831, by Philip Fulton, J. P. 
Andrew Watkins and Hannah Moore, Nov. 1, 1821, by Rev. James Roberts. 
James Watkins and Mary Dolvin, June 6, 1839, by John Wilson, Minister. 
Elijah Watlin and Eunice Jolly, April 15, 1825, by J. R. Kirkpatrick. 
Benjamin Watson and Sarah Norris, March 29, 1821. by Robert McLaughlin. 
Daniel Watson and Mary Furbay, June 5, 1824, by Isaac Allen, J. P. 
John Watson and Lynna Ann Harris, Jan. 31, 1833, by Rev. William Tipton. 
John Watson and Julia Barricklow, April 19, 1838, by Rev. William Wallace. 
Joseph Watson and Jane Richey, Sept. 27, 1825, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M. 
David Watt and Ann Gallaher, March 11, 1834, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
John Watts and Eve Shumaker, Jan. 9, 1831, by James McCuUough, J. P. 
Lemuel Watt and Sarah Johnson, March 4, 1831, by Thomas P. Jenkins, J. P. 
Samuel Watt and Anna Stone, July 15, 1820, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Jacob Way and Elizabeth Chaney, Oct. 17, 1839, by Rev. Adam Hetzler. 
John Weaver and Mariah Hitchcock, May 28, 1840, by Rev. Richard Brown. 
Thomas Weaver and Mary Neel, May 30, 1818, by Robert McLaughlin, J. P. 
Ezekiel Webb and Mary Corbin, May 19, 1836, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Isaac Webb and Jane McCowley, Feb. 20, 1823, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
Jacob Webb and Mary Ann Walker, Jan. 8, 1833, by William Arnold, J. P. 
Jesse Webb and Cassandra Hinton, Jan. 12, 1826, by Isaac Fordyce, J. P. 
John Webb and Martha Holmes, Nov. 11, 1830. by Rev. Thomas J. Taylor. 
Jonathan Webb and Mary Hinton, April 9, 1826, by George Brown, J. P. 
Sarah Webb and George Penn, Dec. 1, 1836, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
George Webster and Sarah Hendricks, March 16, 1826, by J. R. Kirkpatrick, 

J. P. 
John Webster and Margaret Buchanan, Nov. 13, 1832, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Peter Weddle and Margaret Hill, Oct. 16, 1828, by Van Brown, J. P. 
Ezekiel Weeks and Elizabeth McFadden, Dec. 30, 1819, by John Conaway, J. P. 
William M. Weeks and Elizabeth Spiker, Dec. 27, 1825, by Michael Conaway, 

J. P. 
Daniel Welch and Mary Gray, May 5, 1834, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
George Welch and Margaret Alderman, May 3, 1838, by Levi Peddycoart, J. P. 
James Welch and Jane Wagstaff, Dec. 23, 1824, by Donald Mcintosh, V. D. M. 
James Welch and Martha Slemmons, April 5, 1833, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
John Welch and Elizabeth Hosplehorn, March 27, 1817, by Thomas Fisher, 

J. P. 
John Welch and Margaret Gilmore, April 3, 1833, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
Michael Welch and Mary Fisher, Dec. 6, 1819, by B. W. Veirs, J. P. 
Timothy Welch and Octavia Suddith. Sept. 18, 1834, by Rev. Thomas Cook. 
William Welch and Adeline Phillips, April 23, 1835, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
William Welsh and Agness Fisher, Oct. 22, 1840, by William D. McCartney, 

V. D. M. 
John Weldon and Ruhamah McKee, Jan. 16, 1823, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Jacob Weldy and Jane McGrue, Dec. 17, 1839, by Rev. Parden Cook. 


David Welling and Jane Sharp, Nov. 4, 1834, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 

Hamilton Welling and Rachel Corbin. Feb. 8, 1838, by Rev. James Drummond. 

Isaac Welling and Ruth Welling, March 21, 1840, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 

John Welling and Polly McCullough, June 5, 1821, by Joseph Anderson. 

William Welling and Margaret Davis, May 14, 1830, by Rev. Thomas M. Hud- 

Samuel Wellman and Jane Coffee, Sept. 23. 1829, by George Brown, J. P. 

Alexander Wells and Mary Ann King, March 31, 1825, by .John Conaway, J. P. 

Charles Wells and Mary Day, May 23, 1838. by Rev. James Drummond. 

David Wells and Mary Delany, April 14, 1818, by Elijah C. Stone. 

David Wells and Mary Ann Reed, June 8. 1837, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 

Edwards Wels and Nancy Treacle, Jan. 2. 1819, by William Anderson, J. P, 

Francis Wells and Nancy MafRt, Jan. 8, 1816, by William Haverfield. 

James Wells and Mary Shimer, Nov. 12. 1840. by John Selby, J. P. 

.John Wells and Nancy McB''adden, Dec. 20, 1822, by John Conaway, J. P. 

Joseph Wells and Providence Shimer, March 11, 1825, by Alexander Moore, 
J. P. 

Lakin Wells and Cyntha Maffet, Feb. 4, 1813, by Andrew McNeely, J. P. 

Nathaniel Wells and Jane Gilmore, Sept. 25. 1817, by William Taggart, V. D. M. 

Richard Wells and Maria Chalk, Dec. 20, 1827, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 

William Wells and Mary Townsend, May 29, 1838, by B. Mitchel, V. D. M. 

Albert West and Mary Plummer, Jan. 1, 1840, by Aaron Conaway, J. P. 

Amos West and MargareT^^lter, July 5. 1831, by William Arnold, J. P. 

Augustus B. West and Nancy Brindley, April 10, 1834, by Rev. William Tipton. 

Ellas West and Esther McQueen, Aug. 9, 1827, by John Huston, J. P. 

James West and Elizabeth Campbell, Aug. 17, 1826, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 

Moris West and Nancy Hudson, March 2, 1819, by Elias Crane. 

Robert West and Amelia Cook, June 24, 1813, by John Wiley, J. P. 

Thomas West and Mnry Ann Tipton, April 7, 1816, by Robert Orr. J. P. 

Thomas West and Eliza Tipton, Oct. 23, 1831, by John Busby, J. P. 

William West and Mary Allbaugh, Feb. 10, 1825. by Jacob Tope. J. P. 

William West and Elizabeth Martin, Jan. 17, 1838, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 

David Wiand and Mary Fisher, Dec. 24, 1833, by John Wagner, J. P. 

George Wiant and Catherine Poslan, April 29, 1830, by Rev. H. E. F. Voigt. 

John Wyant and Eliza Gance, Jan. 13, 1830, by John C. Huston, J. P. 

John Weyant and Nancy Carr. Nov. 15, 1837, by Rev. Thomas Foster. 

Samuel Wyant and Eliza McCombs, Sept. 2, 1832, by Charles Faucett, J. P. 

Daniel Wharton and Martha Strade, Dec. 26, 1833, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 

Linton Wharton and Sarah Ann Turner, March 12, 1835, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 

Isaac Whealdon and Mary Ann Grewell, Dec. 29, 1831, by Thomas P. Jenkins, 
J. P. 

John M. Whealdon and Tracy Hibbs, Tan. 1 5, 1 829, by Thomas P. Jenkins. J. P. 

Caleb Wheeler and Rebecca Rogers, Aug. 31, 1837, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 

Christopher Wheeler and Rebecca Arnold, April 13, 1837, by John Wagner, J. P. 

Ezekiel Wheeler and Nancy Roberts. Dec. 9, 1824, by Rev. John Waterman. 

James Wheeler and Jane Stiers, June 15, 1824, by John Walker, J. P. 

Nicholas Wheeler and Hannah Poland, Nov. 3, 1819, by Elijah C. Stone. 

Parkinson Wheeler and Jane Carrel, June 8, 1832, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 

Joseph P. Wherry and Emily Johnson, April 7, 1836, by Rev. Robert Cook. 

Joshua Whitcomb and Miranda Mclntire, Oct. 20, 1822, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 


Alexander White and Mary Jenkins, Oct. 10, 1838, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Charles White and Matilda Cecil, July 23. 1833, by John C. Auld, J. P. 
George White and Nancy Knox, March 10, 1829, by Rev. William Tipton. 
James "VVhite and Rebecca Dorson, Dec. 23, 1824, by Silvanus Lamb, J. P. 
James White and Patience Harrison, Oct. 13, 1836, by George Atkinson, J. P. 
Joseph White and Elizabeth Friers, Oct. 9, 1823, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Joseph White and Hannah Rogers, April 12, 1828, by John Carson, J. P. 
William White and Mary Kerr, Aug. 25, 1831, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
William White and Mary Ann Barrett, April 23, 1838. by James M. Piper. 
Isaac. Whitecraft and Ruth Atkinson, Dec. 21, 1826, by William Wallace, 

V. D. M 
Abel Whitten and Amelia Ann Watts, Nov. 26, 1836, by M. B. Lukins, J. P. 
Findley Whitten and Eleanor Harding, Oct. 27, 1839, by M. B. Lukins, J. P, 
Nelson Whitten and Laney Dunham, Sept. 9, 1833, by Thomas M. Granfel, J. P. 
John Whittington and Elizabeth Hollett, Jan. 2, 1840, by John Kuox. J. P. 
Isaac Whitman and Barbary Tope. April 29, 1824, by Jacob Tope, J. P. 
Benjamin Whitmore and Anne ToUars, Dec. 30, 1824, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Amos Whitney and Matilda Wright, Feb 11, 1834, by Cornelius Crabtree, J. P. 
Isaac Wickersham and Eliza Lister, April 29, 1830, by Alexander Simpson, J. P. 
Malen Finley Wiggens and Hannah Johnson, July 5, 1836, by William Taggart, 

V. D. M. 
Joseph Wilcox and Mary Jane McClenahan, May 14, 1834, by Rev. Richard 

John Wilden and Mary West, Oct. 29, 1818, by Martin Guilinger, J. P. 
Joseph Wiley and Anna Roberts, Feb. 25, 1817, by William Dixon. 
John Wilkin and Elizabeth Leech, June 12, 1834, by Rev. Thomas Hanna. 
Robert Wilkins and Elizabeth Holmes, Oct. 11, 1817, by Elijah C. Stone. 
Robert Wilkin and Jane Wiley, Aug. 19, 1819, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Samuel Wilkin and Jane Paisley, March 8, 1827, by Daniel McLane. 
Henry Willgus and Elizabeth Robinson, Sept. 29, 1831, by Thomas Day, J. P. 
Humphrey Williams and Priscilla Mackey, July 2. 1840, by George Clancey. 
John Williams and Margaret Crawford, March 22, 1814, by Rev. Thomas B. 

Clark, V. D. M. 
John Williams and Eveline Anderson, Aug. 6, 1835, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Noah Willams and Arksey Randels, Feb. 29, 1816, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
Samuel Williams and Rachel Cox, Dec. 1, 1831, by John Gruber, J. P. 
Henry Williamson and Rebecca Graham, Feb. 14, 1823, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Henry Williamson and Phebe Haxton, March 6, 1828, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Isaac Willis and Jane David Sept. 13, 1832, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
James Willis and Mariah Smith, Dec. 19, 1840, by Rev. William Deveny. 
Amos Willison and Anne McMillan, Dec. 13, 1836, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
Elijah Willison and Mary Wilson, June 28, 1832, by William Wyckoffi, J. P. 
Henry Willoby and Susan Ferrier, Feb. 25, 1823, by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
James Wiliby and Margaret Patterson, Sept. 4, 1818, by William Anderson, J. P. 
Arthur Wilson and Sarah Selby, Jan. 3, 1837, by Samuel Skinner, J. P. 
Benjamin Wilson and Catherine Crabtree, April 12, 1832, by William Wyckoff, 

J. P. 
Charles Wilson and Eliza Norris, April 11, 1833, by Edward Talbott, J. P. 
Daniel Wilson and Agness Johnson, Jan. 9, 1S38, by William Taggart, V. D U. 
David Wilson and Elizabeth Ferrier, Nov. 13, 1818, by William Slemmons, J. P. 


Hugh B. Wilson and Catherine Runey, Feb. 11, 1S19, by Thomas Dickerson, 

J. P. 
Isaac Wilson and Elisabeth Brickies. Dec. 24, 1821, by William Anderson, J. P. 
James Wilson and Jane Moody, .luly 6, 1817, by William Slemmons, J. P. 
James Wilson and Gracey All, Oct. 9, 1830, by Rev. Jacob Cozad. 
John Wilson and Elizabeth Palmer, Nov. 18, 1819, by Williamson Carrothers, 

J. P. 
John I. Wilson and Ann Humphries, April 20, 1821, by Joseph Fry, J. P. 
John Wilson and Rachel Gwynn, Nov. 24, 1835, by William Arnold, J. P. 
John Wilson and Jane Crawford, May 4, 1837, by William Wallace, V. D. M. 
John Wilson and Leticia Jones, Feb. 13, 1840, by Aaron Conaway, J. P. 
Joseph Wilson and Elizabeth Stone, Aug. 19, 1819, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Robert Wilson and Margaret Arnold, Feb. 16. 1838, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Samuel H. Wilson and Sarah L. Auld, Dec. 15, 1831, by Rev. Jacob Cozad. 
Samuel H. Wilson and Mary McGill, March 7, 1837, by W. Lukins, J. P. 
William Wilson and Sophia Randolph, May 28, 1829, by Archibald McGrew, 

J. P. 
William Wilson and Mary Cox, Jan. 5, 1837, by John McArthur, V. D. M. 
William M. Wilson and Elizabeth McConnell, May 7, 1837, by John M. Brown, 

J. P. 
John Winings and Mary Snider, Nov. 12, 1818, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Daniel Winshel and Catherine Dewel, Aug. 12, 1824. by Samuel Dunlap, J. P. 
Abner Winter and Christena Tingley, June 15, 1813, by James Roberts. 
William Winters and Nancy Lisle, Aug. 16, 1821, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
George Wise and Sarah Hay, April 19, 1838, by John Wagner. J. P. 
Samuel Witmer and Elizabeth Shoos, Sept. 15, 1816, by Rev. John Rinehart. 
Thomas Wolf and Mary Kelby, March 8, 1821, by Thomas Patton, J. P. 
Anthony Wood and Jane Petty, Oct. 23, 1839, by Rev. Robert Cook. 
Benjamin Wood and Levinah Lees, Aug. 16, 1821, by Thomas Parkinson. J. P. 
Benjamin Wood and Martha Arskins, Nov. 6, 1828. by Rev. Elijah C. Stone. 
Frederick J. Wood and Jane Brown, Jan. 7, 1840. by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Hugh Wood and Sally Spicer, Oct. 4, 1821, by John Conaway, J. P. 
James Wood and Elizabeth Shouse, Feb. 2, 1832, by Rev. Benjamin Wood. 
Joseph Wood and Mary Chandler. Oct. 10, 1818, by Thomas Parkinson. 
Joshua Wood and Elizabeth Hudson, March 2, 1819, by Robert McKee, J. P. 
Reuben B. Wood and Sarah Ann Ferguson, March 29, 1838, by Rev. Benjamin 

Sylvanus Wood and Amanda Tingley, Sept. 8, 1836, by Rev. James C. Taylor 
Thomas Wood and Latetia Stackhouse. Feb. 2, 1818, by James Roberts. 
Thomas Wood and Margaret Cope, Feb. 28, 1828, by John Carson, J. P. 
Jeremiah Woodford and Sarah Ann Wherry, June 26, 1834, by Rev. Jacob 

James Works and Ann G. Cimningham, June 18, 1838, by William Colledge. 
John Work and Margaret Gallher, March 15, 1836, by John Rea, V. D. M. 
Daniel Worley and Sarah Peregory, Jan. 2, 1834, by Rev. Aurora Callender. 
David Wourley and Mary Jane Luke, Oct. 6. 183G, by Samuel Lewis. J. P. 
Josiah Worley and Mary Ann Minor, Sept. 17, 1833, by Thomas Phillips, J. P. 
Michael Worley a,nd Eve Ann Markley, Aug. 21, 1828, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Wesley Worley and Jane Virtue, May 8, 1823, by Rev. James Roberts. 
George Worrell and Sarah Barnett, Oct. 14, 1830, by John Heberling, J. P. 


Nathaniel Worrall and Ann Barnett, Jan. 18, 1827, by Rev. James Roberts. 
Norman Worstall and Rebecca Ann Lake, Dec. 21, 1826, by Rev. James Roberts. 
James Worth and Nancy Sherron, Oct 5, 1826, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
John Worth and Sarah Kent, Dec. 4, 1823, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
David Wortman and Elizabeth Reddin, Jan. 12, 1826, by Henry Ford, J. P. 
Isaac Wright and Hannah Smith, May 31, 1821, by Joseph Johnson, J. P. 
Nathan Wright and Elizabeth Ripley, Aug. 22, 1822, by Rev. Curtis GodcSard. 
Sylvauus Wright and Desire Hays, Aug. 14, 1828, by George W. Bell, J. P. 
Thomas Wright and Mary Cellar, Jan. 28, 1823, by Rev. Salmon Cowles. 
Thomas W. Wright and Sally Gardner, Jan. 23, 1827, by Rev. William Knox. 
Thomas Wright and Margaret Ann Bear, Sept. 14. 1837, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
William Wright and Caty Nevit, Oct. 27, 1816, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
William Wright and Polly Blair, May 15, 1821, by Curtis Goddard. 
Thomas C. Wicoff and Sarah Coleman, Dec. 5, 1838, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
William Wyckoff and Freelove Crabtree, Nov. 22, 1814, by William Knox. 
John Wymer and Fanny Firebaugh, Sept. 14, 1837, by Adam Hetzler. 
Aaron Yarnell and Harriet Poulson, Sept. 8, 1836, by Rev. James C. Taylor. 
Eli Yarnold and Rebecca Burton, May 24, 1839 by C. E. Weirick. 
Mordecai Yarnell and Providence Walraven, Nov. 4, 1824, by Rev. James 

William Yarnell and Sarah Spencer, Jan. 27, 1833, by William Wyckoff, J. P. 
Ziba Yarnall and Jane Bowlen, Aug. 22, 1S33, by Rev. Jacob Lemmon. 
David Yarrington and Susanna Clark, Sept. 10, 1829, by Samuel Dunlap, J. P. 
Ephraim Yarrington and Rebecca Simon, Jan. 19, 1826, by Samuel Dunlap, J. P. 
William Yarrington and Susanna Watson, Sept. 21, 1827, by Samuel Dunlap, 
Joseph Yingling and Mary Ann Able, Jan. 1.5, 1835, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Yost and Mary Wilson, Jan. 9, 1834, by Samuel Lewis, J. P. 
Benjamin Young and Eve Ann Fisher, Jan. 8, 1829, by Michael Conaway, J. P. 
Denton Young and Melida Baker, Jan. 26, 1836, by John Gruber. J. P. 
George Young and Mary Ann Burkhead, March 16, 1826, by John Busby, J. P. 
Henry Young and Nancy Burkhead, July 6, 1815, by John Busby, J. P. 
John Young and Sarah Barkhurst, Feb. 5, 1815, by Paul Preston. 
John Young and Sally James, April 1, 1821, by Charles Chapman, J. P. 
John Young and Anna Kelly, March 6, 1823, by Rev. Thomas Hunt. 
McKinzee Young and Sarah Northamer, P'eb. 15, 1820, by William Carrothers, 

J. P. 
Michael Young and Mary Shaeffer, May 4, 1820, by John Hurless, J. P. 
William Young and Elizabeth Michals, Aug. 15, 1839, by Joseph Cloakey, 

V. D. M. 
John Zimmerman and Catherine Pardon, Aug. 20, 1831, by John McArthur, 

V. D. M. 
Frederick Zollars and Ann Whitmore, Nov. 27, 1823, by Robert Orr, J. P. 
Jacob Zollars and Elizabeth Porter, July 18, 1837, by John Wagner, J. P. 
John Zollars and Sarah Wallcutt, Nov. 19, 1835, by John Wagner, J. P. 
Zepheniah Zollars and Catherine Shilling, June 2, 1836, by John Gruber. J. P. 


The following records have been gathered from tombstones stand- 
ing in the principal cemeteries of Harrison county, particularly, the older 
cemeteries. The records have been collected at various times during the 
past five years. In the case of the graveyards of Beech Spring, Crab- 
apple, Unit}^, ISTottingham, Dickerson, Cadiz, and Ridge, all the tombstones 
standing at the dates the lists were made, have been examined, and their 
records are here given, without regard to the date of birth of the de- 
cedents In all other cases, only those burials are recorded of those who 
were born prior to 1830, with a view to including only the pioneers of 
the county. A complete list of all the burials in the graveyards herein 
given in part, would make a record beyond the limits of one volume. 

The location of many of the various graveyards not within the limits 
of the villages of the county may not be out of place in this con- 
nection: Beech Spring graveyard is situated at Beech Spring Church, 
on the southwest corner of section one, in Green township, about two 
miles southeast from Hopedale. Dickerson graveyard is situated near 
the center of section thirty-two, in Cadiz township, about half-way be- 
tween Cadiz and New Athens. Crabapple and Unity graveyards are 
situated in Wheeling township, Belmont county, the former about two, 
and the latter about three miles southeast of New Athens. Bethel grave- 
yard, is situated in the southeast quarter of section twenty-eight, in 
Green township, about half a mile north of Folks' Station. Ridge grave- 
yard is situated in the southwest quarter of section twenty-three, in 
Archer township, about a mile southeast from Hanover, Nottingham 
and Rankin graveyards are both in Moorefield township, the former in 
esction six, and about a mile southwest of Rankin, which is in section 
thirty-one, one mile south of Cassville. 





To July 14, 189G. 

Ainamla Jane Aikin, daughter of 

Joseph and Elizabeth, d. Oct. 1, 18(54; 

7v. !)m. 
Josei)h Aikin, d. Dec. 27, 1868; i32y. 
Isabella Allison, daughter of J. and M., 

d. July 30, 1830; 2y. M. 
James Allison, b. ITUO; d. Nov IS, 

1881 ; 92y. 
James Allison, Jr., d. May, 1859: 33y. 
Margaret Allison, wife of James, d. 

Oct. 28, 1837; 41y. 3m. 9d. 
Marv Allison, wife of David, d. Feb. 

23, 1805; 40y. Im. 20d. 
Eleanor Barnhouse, wife of William, 

d. .ruly 8, 5838; 31y. 7m. 18d. 
Elizabeth Bell, daughter of J. and N., 

d. Nov. 15. 1838; ly. 3m. Gd. 
John Bell, d. July 25. 1822; .39y. 
John H. Bell, son of J. and N., d, 

March 13, 1844; lOm. 
Margaret Bell, wife of John, d. May 

10, 18(;i; S7y. 

Nancy Bell. d. March 31, 1823; SOy. 
John Benedict, d. Oct. 11, 1890; 57y. 

im. nd. 
Nancy Benedict, d. Oct. 11, 1890; 5C>y. 
H. Stewart Black, d. Jan, 22, 1890; 

70y. 2m. 
Isabella Black, wife of James, d. Dec. 

30. 1805; SOy. 
James Black, Sr., d. Dec. 13, 184G; 

Jane Black, wife of James, Sr., d. Aug. 

22, 1835: S2y. 

J. H. Black, d. March 2G, 1885; 72y. 
TNIarv K. Black, wife of J. H., d. May 

11, 1894; 78y. 5m. 25d. 

Rachel Bowls, d. Jan. 22, 1845; 9y. 
Isabel Brown, wife of Robert, d. April 

23, 1871; 92y. 

Robert Brown, d. May 18, 1850; 71y. 

E. Caldwell, d. Sept. 4, 1831; 

James Carrick, d. Aug., 1820; 7Gy. 
John Carrick, d, Feb. 1, 1854; 74y. 2m. 

Martha Carrick, Avife of James W., d. 

Jan. 8, 18.33; 30y. llm. 8d. 
Marv Carrick, wife of James., d. 

Oct. 31, 1833; 74y. 
Andrew Clark, d. Nov. G, 1848; GOy. 

A. F. Clark, d. April 28, 18G2: 22y. 
James Claik. d. Sept. 3, 1833; 80y. 
James Clark, d. Nov. 28, 1847; 3Gy. 
James Clark, son of Francis and 


Jane Clark, wile of James, d. May 17, 

1832: 78y. 
John G. Clark, son of Andrew M.. d. 

Aug. 15, 1851; 21 v. 
Joseph Clark, b. Feb. 12, 177S; d. Uit. 

3. ISGl. 
Margaret Clark, wife of Andrew, d. 

May 20. 1835; 4!iy. 
Margaret Clark, daughter of Andrew, 

d. March 10, 1S4G; 19y. 
Rachel Clark, wife of Joseph, d. Sept, 

3, 1854; GOy. 9m. 4d. 
James R. Coulter, d. Oct. 18, 1852; 24y. 

Gm. 29d. 
Mary E. Coulter, daughter of J. II. 

and Rhoda, d. Sep. 8, 1855; 3y. 9m. 

Carlisle Crawford, son of W. and B., 

d. Feb., 1847; Gy. 5m. 
Eliza Crawfoi-d, d. Nov. 3, 1837; 9y. 
Eli-^abeth Crawford, wife of Waller. 

d. May 27, 1879: 79y. 3m. 22d. 
George Crawford, d. Nov. 12, 1835; 

Hannah Crawford, daughter of W. and 

E., d. June 29. 1851 ; 14y. 9m. 17d. 
Hannah Crawford, d. Nov. 15, 1872: 

57y. 10m. 20d. 
John M. Crawford, son of J. and H.. 

d. July 31, 18(!4: 21y. 4m. 
John N. Crawford, son of W. and E.. 

d. INIav 7, 1843; 23y. Giu. lOd. 
Samuel Crawford, d. March 23, 1837: 


AA'alter Crawford. . 74y. 

Levi Crouch, d. Sep. G, ISGl; 77y. 
INIarv Crouch, wife of Levi. d. April 22, 

1853: G2y. 
William H. Crouch, d. Murfeesboro, 

Teun., ]March 19. 18tJ3; 33y. 5n . 29d. 
Mary A. Davis, wife of Jesse, d. Sep. 

2G, 1853; 41y. 5m. 14d. 
Elizabeth Delaney, wife of Philip, d. 

Jan. 17, 1849; 80y. 
John Clark Delaney. born in Fayette 

county, Pa., d Jan. 8, 1820 27y. 10m. 

Philip Delaney, d. Nov. 21, 1852; SGy. 



William B. Delaney, d. April 19, 18-lG; 

Johnnie T. Dickerson. son of J. II. and 

E. II., d. All- 23, 1884; 7m. ^M. 
John Reed Dool, son of Rev. Wni. S. 

and Ann, d. Manh 20, lHo2; ly. 7m. 
Robert Henry I)ool, son of Rev. Win. 

S. and Ann, d. March 23, 18.j2; 4y. 

John L. Dunning, d. i-'ep. 28, 1853; 23y. 
John L. Dunning, Jr., d. Oct. 1, 1874; 

Andrew Eagleson, d. March 7, 1830, 

Andrew Eagle.^on, d. April 11, 1818; 

Hannah Eagleson, d. Dec. 17, 1811; 


Israel Eagleson, d. March , 1839; 

21 y. 

James Ea.2:les(:n, d. Pec. 9, 1823; • 

James Eagleson, d. June 20, 1837; 17y. 
Jane Eagleson, wife of William, d. 

Sep. 27, 18.52; 41y. 
Jane Eagleson, wife of Andrew, d. 

June 3, 1801; 82y. 
Jane C. Eagleson, d. Sep. 27, 1852; 40y. 

Jolin Calvin Eagleson, son of Henry 

and Eliza, d. Sep. 26, 1841; 3y. Im. 

Lueinda M. Eagleson, d. July 1, 1893; 

73y. 10m. 
Maigaret Eagleson, d. June 5, 1814; 

Margaret C. Eagleson. daughter of W. 

and J., d. Sep. 18, 1841: Hy. 4m. 
William Eagleson, d. Nov. 15, 1877; 

72y. 10m. 7d. 
John Eakin, son of John and Marv. d, 

Dec. 12. 1830; 21y. 
.John Eakin, d. Feb. 0, 1802; 83y. 
Marv Eakin, dauicliter of John an<l 

Mary, d. Oct. 8, 1844; 2."'>y. 
Marv Eakin, Avife of John, d. March 8, 

1801; 84y. 
Alfonso T. Elv. son of D. C. and I. L., 

1). June 15, 1880; d. Dec. 1, 1880. 
Odessa M. Ely, daughter of D. C. and 

I. L., Im. od. 
Mary Endsley. d. March, 1820; 85y. 
Alex. Foster, d. Feb. 14, 1845; 74y. 
.Tames Foster, d. April 4, 1828; 22y. 
Martha Foster, d. Aug. 7, 1839; 24y. 

Celia France, daughter of J. and R., 

d. .luuc l.j, 1820; 4y 8m. 23d. 
Johu France, d. Dec. 11, 182.'); 3Uy, 

(•>m. lOd, 
Rebecca I'rance, wife of Johu, d. 

March 29. 18(i8; 70y. 4m. 
Ann Francis, wife of James, d. July 

10. 182.S: 48y. 
James Fiaucis, d. Aug. 17, 1859; 84y. 
Johu Fulton, d. Oct. 2, 1850; a3y. 
William Gallagher,- d. Oct. 10, 1832; 

Lettissia Gilison. wife of Hugh; d. 

.June 4, 1814; 35y. 
George Gourley, U. July 22, 1808; 91y. 

3ni. 7d. 
John Gourley, d. Feb. G, 1857: R5y. 
Jolui G. Gourley, d. June 4, 1870; 45y. 
Margaret Gourley, wife of George, d. 

Nov. 2*J, 18(i3; 75y. 
Ann Hanna. wife of James, d. April 

27. 1833; 73y. 
Elizabeth Hanna, wife of Ezekiel, d. 

Jan. 24, 1845; 48y. 3m. 
Ezekiel Hanna, d. May 10, ISOl; 01 y. 

11m. 9d. 
James A. Hanna, sou of E. aud E., d. 

Jan., 1849; IGy. 
James Boggs Hanna, son of Samuel 

and Doche, d. Oct. 21, 1872; 22y. 
Louisa Hanna, daughter of William 

and :Mary. d. Apiil 27, 1834; lly. 
Margaret Hanna, d. April 17, 1833; 

Martha L. Hanna, daughter of .Tohn 

M. aud L., d. June 15, 1845; 4m. 7d. 
Mary Ilaniui, daughter of John M. 

and L. Hanna, d. Jan. 8, 1848; 4y. 

Om. 15d. 
Marv Hanna. wife of William, d. Nov. 

19, 18.53; 71y. 
Samuel Hanna, son of William and 

Mary, d. May G, 18.34; lOy. 
Sarah Hanna, daughter of Will. am and 

Mary, d. Jan. 13, 1842; 2(iy. 
William Hanna, d. April G, 1830; 50y. 
William Hanna, son of William and 

Marv, d. Jan. 8, 18:;9: 27y. 
David T. Han-ah, d. Oct. 20, 1880; 75y. 

.".m. 24d. 
James Harrah, d. Sep. 15, 1840; 3y. 9m. 

James C. Harrah, d. Dec. 2, 1871; 92y, 

4m. 25d. 



James N. Hanah, d. Aug. 2, 1881; 3Gy. 

2m. Id. 
.lolm T. Ilarrah, son of John and Jane, 

d. Nov. 10, 1SG3; lOy. 11m. 15d. 
Rlariraret Harrali, wife of James C, 

d. Dec. 7, 1834; 5Sy. 2m. 13d. 
Milton A. Harrali, son of .Tohn and 

Jane, d. April 12, 18*33; 12y. 8m. 5d. 
Nancy Harrali, wife of Adam, d. Aug. 

1!>. 187-4; OOy. .5m. 24d. 
Martha Eliza Harrison, dauc:hter of W. 

and S., d. Oct. 27. 184G; l(jy. 2m. 27d. 
John Harvev, son of H. and M., d. 

Jan. IG, 1836; 77y. (Heni-y Harvey 

buried at Lower Buffalo Graveyard, 

Marv Harvey, daughter of H. and M., 

d. April 2, 1809; 

Elizabeth Haslett, d. July 21, 1838; 

Elizabeth Holmes, wife of William, d. 

May 8, 1849; 59y. 
Eliza Jane Holmes, daughter of I. and 

J., d. Sep. 23, 185G; 18y. 
P'rancis Holmes, d. Aug. G, 1825; 8Gy. 
Jane Holmes, wife of Francis, d. 

March 19, 1834; 90y. 
Martha Holmes, daughter of I. and J., 

d. Julv 29. 1862: 18v. 2m. 
William Holmes, d. .Tan. 22, 1861; 7Sy. 
Jane Hope, daughter of W. and B., d. 

Dec. 24, 1848; 17y. lid. 
INIaria Hope, daughter of W. and E.. 

d. Nov. 7, 1841; ly 2m. 4d. 
Rebecca Hope, daughter of W. and E., 

d. Sep. 24, 1839; 7m. 
Boyd Houston, son of James and 

Mary, d. March 12, 1832; ly. Id. 
Elijah Howell, d. June 27, 1871; 89y. 
Mary Howell, wife of Elijah, d. Sep. 

11, 18G3; G8y. 
Eliza Hunter, wife of James, d. April 

19, 1853; 33y. 7m. 27d. 
George M. Hunter, son of J. and Eliza, 

d. April 30, 18G4: 18y. 8d. 
Allen Jamison, d. March 12, 1846; 62y. 
Mary Jamison, wife of John, d. April 

17, 1828; 48y. 5m. Id. 
Sarah Jamison, wife of Allen, d. Feb. 

26, 1858; 6.5y. 
Samuel Jeffers, d. June 8, 1847; 70y. 
Eleanor Jellev, daughter of J. and M., 

d. Nov. 7, 18.34: 23y. 
James .Telley, d. Aug. 2, 1839; 55y. 

Mary Jelley, wife of James, d. Nov. 24, 

1SG3; 79y. 9m. 22d. 
Nancy Jelley, d. April 13, 1852; 32y. 

7m. 2Gd. 
Elizabeth Johnson, d. Jan. 10. ; 

Ephraim Johnson, d. Dec. 23, 1833; 


.Tames Johnson, son of E. and M., 

Joseph B. .Tohuson, son of J. J. and H. 

J., d. Feb. 18, 1845; 3y. 11m. 14a. 
James Johnston, d. Nov. 9, 1S63; 70y. 

Gm. 27d. 
Mary Johnston, wife of James, d. Jan. 

25, 1881; 86y. 7m. 27d. 
Rachel Karr, wife of John, d. Aug. 8, 

1830; 49y. 
Infant Son of T. L. and M. L. Kerr, d. 

Sop. 20, 1851; 4m. 15d. 
Agnes Kerr, wife of James, d. June 

18, 183G; 85y. 
Ann Kerr, wife of Samuel, d. July 1, 

1835; 40y. 
Betsey Kerr, wife of William, d. Jan. 

20, 1823; S5y. 
James Kerr, d. June 2, 1825; 74y. 
Joseph Kerr, d. Jan. 1, 1850: 28y. 
Katharine Kerr, wife of James, d. Sep. 

12, 1827; 41y. 
Margaret Ann Kerr, d. July 4, 1835; 

Mary J. Leech, daughter of B. and R., 

d. Aug. 2.5, 1851; 17y. 6m. 6d. 
John Long, d. Aug. 4, 1822; 31y. 2m. 
James H. Louuhrey, son of J. and M., 

Aug. 14, 1827: 6y. 
Margaret Loughrev, wife of .Tohn, of 

Columbus, Ohio; d. Sep. 6, 1827; 39y. 
Mary J. Loughrey, daughter of John 

and Margaret, d. Dee. 20, 1827; lOy. 
Margaret Ann Lowry, daughter of 

John and Nancy, d. Oct." 19, 1836; 

6m. Id. 
David Lyons, d. July 23, 1826, 26y. 
Jane Smith Lyons, daughtei* of E. and 

J., d. Sep. 8. 1829; 3Gy. 
John Lyons, d. Aug. 3, 1829; SOy. [the 

adjoining tomb-stone, probably that 

of his wife, is entirely obliterated]. 
Sarah INIcCollough. wife of .Toseph, b. 

Sep. 27, 1795; d. March 24, 183;!. 
Esther INIcCrea, wife of Robert, d. Jday 

17, 1834: 8.Sy. 
Mai'garet McCrea. d. June 7, 1823; 47y. 



Margaret McGrew, wife of Archibald, 

d. April 29, 1828; 4;»y. 
Sarah McKeever, wife of Thomas, d. 

July 25, 1840: 30y. 9m. lOd. 
p:iiza Isabella Matthews, b. March 12, 

182(;; d. June 22, 1S4(). 
William Matthews, Esq., b. Dec. 25, 

.1787; d. April 17, 1883. 
Joseph Mayes, d. Dec. 29, 1S45; GOy. 

Elizabeth Melroy, d. May 5, 1815; 41y. 
George Melroy. d. Jan. 2, 1829; 58y. 
Samuel Melroy. d. Aug. 23, 1825; (Joy. 
Charles Merrymau, d. Aug. 14, 1833; 

John B. Merryman, son of W. and N., 

d. June 27. 1850; 7y. 5m. 27d. 
Kasiah Margaret Merryman, daughter 

of W. and N., and ueiee of Elizabeth 

Merryman. d, Oct. 13, 1857; 89y. 
Margaret Merryman, daughter of 

Charles and M., d. Sep., 1841; lOy. 
Nancy Merriman, wife of William, d. 

Feb. 13, 1849; 30y. 9m. 19d. 

Eliza Mil 

j£Lu Miller, d. May 12, 1826; 7Sy. 
George Mills, d. Sep., 1820; 57y. 
George C. Mills, son of J. and E., b. 

Aug. 8, 1860; d. Aug. 29, 1890. 
Elizabeth Mills, wife of George, d. 

Jan. 25. 1852; 65y. 
Elizabeth A. Mills, daughter of J. and 

E., b. April 1, 1855; d, April 22, 1883. 
George Mills, d. Dec. 29, 1862; 52y. 

John Mills, b. Feb. 23, 1816; d. Oct. 19, 

Martha A. Mills, daughter of J. and E., 

b. April 1, 1865; d. Nov. 24, 1883. 
Mary E. Mills, daughter of J. and E., 

b. Sep. 25. 1857; d. May 6, 1883. 
Nancy J. Mills, daughter of J. and E., 

b. March 2, 1851; d. Oct. 11, 1^82. 
William B. Mills, d. Oct. 9, 1888; 28y. 
Tohn Moffatt, d. April 6, 18G6; 74y. 
Nancy Moffat, wife of John, d. Jan. 11, 

1845; 69y. 
Ellen J. Moore, b. 

Feb. 16, 1846. 
Fanny Moore, wife 

18, 1!S36; 63y. 
James M. Moore, b. 

Feb. 16, 1884. 

May 27, 1806; d. 
of Alex., d. Jan. 
June 25, 1808; d. 

Jane ^loore, daughter of Jaraes M. and 

E. J., b. May 23, 1832; d. Dec. 18, 

John A. Moore, son of J. M. and E. T., 

d. Dec. 5, 1835. 
Mary Moore, d. Dec. 15, 1832; 47y. 
liebecca A. Moore, b. May 5, 1809; d. 

April 30, 1879. 
Ann Moorehead, wife of James, d. 

Aug. 15, 1824; ;^5y. 
John Moorehead, d. May 10, 1847; 8Gy. 
M:iry Moorehead, d. March 1, 1862; 

74y. 3m. 26d. 
Sarah Moorehead, d. Sep. 30, 1833; 34y. 
Sarah Moorehead, wife of John, d. 

April 28, 1838; 77y. 
James A. Muncy, d. Aug. 23, 1822; 2y. 
Eliza :\I. Neely, daughter of J. and H., 

d. July 3, 1851; 3y. 
Mary J. Neely, wife of John, d. Dec. 

28, 1844. 
Mary J. Neely, daughter of J. and M., 

d. Oct. 2, 1851; Gy. 
Eliza Jane Newlou, daughter of E. 

and P., d. .Tan. 8, 1834; 7m. 
James Newlon, son of Elijah .ind 

Phoebe, d. June 6, 1834; 2y. 11m. 

Phoebe Newlon, Avife of Eliah, d. Dec. 

25, 1833; 28y. 
Sni-ah Newton, wife of Joshua, d. Jan. 

25, 1832; 51 y. 
Elizabeth Ogden, b. May 27, 1814; d. 

Dec. 28, 1889. 
Martha Ogden, wife of Robert, d. A'jril 

2. 1866; 85y. 
Martha Ogden, daughter of R. and M, 

d. Nov. 4, 1868; 51y. 6m. 8d. 
Mary Ogden, b. Aug. 10, 1815; d, July 

18, 1887. 
Robert Ogden, d. April 14, 1848; a6y. 
Kesiah Emily Paxton, daughter of W. 

and R., d. June 10, 1852; 3y. 7m. 
Lydia Rebecca Paxton, daughter of 

W. and R., d. Oct. 4, 1838; ly. Im.. 

Peunel, ; 83y. 

Eliza J. Pennel, daugher of H. and R., 

d. Sep. 22, 1832; 2y. 11m. 7d. 
Rachel Ann Pennel, daughter of Hugh 

and Rachel, d. 1838; 3y 11m. 4d. 
Sarah J. Perry, daughter of Henry 

and Sarah, d. Aug. 17, 1828; 2y 7m. 

Rebecca Ramsey, wife of John, d. Feb. 



12, 1S33; 20.V. 
William Kaiildn. d. INIay 1, ISoS; GOy. 
Mrs. Elizaboth R( a, wife of Rev. Johu, 

(1. An^. 1C>. 1S54; S2v. 
Rev. .Toim Eea, D. D., d. Feb. 12, 185."); 

^^ illiam P. Rea, sou of Dr. Jolm; d. 

June 11, 1S46; 3Gy. Sd. 
Isaac Reed, d. April 1.'], 1S4G; 15y. 
.lane Reed, d. Nov. 8. 1S78; S2y. 
RIaiT .lonisha Reed, daughter of M. 

and S., d. Oct. 31, is:)l: ;iy. 5m. 8d. 
Lavinah Reed, daueliter of M. and S., 

d. Oct. 2S, 1853: 10m. lOd. 
■\Villiam Reed, b. Aug. 15, 1800; d. Feb. 

27, 1872. 
Mary Scott, wife of James, d. May 8, 

1S50: 44y. 9m. 3d. 
Isaac yiianuon, d. Sep. 20, 1848; 83y. 
Jane Shannon, Avife of Isaac, d. June 

18, 1820; 51 y. 
James Sbevrard, son of Sarah and 

John, d. April, 15, 1851; 20y. Gm. 21d. 
John Slierrard, d. July 14, 18G0: 72v. 

8m. IGd. 
Sarah Sberrnrd, wife of John, d. Oct. 

15, ISGl; .5Gy. 6m. 
A. S. Simpson, d. Nov. 3, 1884; G3y. 

James Simpson, b. July 14, 1791; d. 

Dec. S, 1871. 
Violet Simpson, wife of James, d. June 

30, 1855; 58y. 
William S. Simpson, d. March 9, 1S91; 

65y. 10m. 9d. 
Esther Skelley, wife of John, d. Jan. 1, 

ISGO; 5Gy. 11m. 23d. 
John Skelley, d. Nov. 7, 1847; GGy. 
Margaret Skelley, Avife of John, d. 

Oct. 11, 1834; 53y. 
William Skelley, d. Nov. 2, 183G; 27y. 
Catharine Siemens, wife of James, d. 

July 17, 1851; 62 y. 8m. 25d. 
Deborah M. Slemons, dauiihter of S. 

and E., d. Aug. 26. 1851; 2y. 3m. 12d. 
Ann Smith, Avife of John V., d. Dec. 27, 

1873; 37y. 2d. 
Esther Smith, wife of James, d. July 

9, 1832; 36y. 
James Smith, d. June 12, 1833: 33y. 
Rosannah Stirling, [dates obliterated!. 
Jane Stringer, wife of William, d. June 

15, 1837: 33y. 
John Stringer, d. July 17, 1845; 69y. 

Im. 7d. 
John ^L Stringer, d. May. 4, 1889; 57y, 

William Stringer, d. Aug. 16, 1859; 

.55y. llm. 28d. 
Infant son of (Jeorce and Maria Tag- 

gart, b. Jan. 21, 1841; d. Jan. 30, 1811. 
Infant son of J. and A. Taggart, d. 

Oct. 26, 1842; 3m. 7d. 
Alexander W. Taggart, d. June 19, 

1858; 38y. 2m. 
Anne Craig Taggart, wife of Jamts, 

b. Feb. 22, 1811; d. Feb. 24, 1887. 
David Taggart, d. Dec. 17, 1844; 27y. 
David Bayless Taggart, b. -Feb. 28, 

1846; d. April 7, 18.4. 
David Welch Taggart, b. Nov. 9, 1850; 

d. Feb. 17. 18o4. 
Elizal eth Taggart, Avife of William, d. 

Sep. 25, 1845; -lOy. 2m. 9d. 
George Taggart, b. Aug. 3, 1814; d. 

Sep. 18, 1S7!). 
James Taggart, b. July 22, ISOG; d. 

Oct. 15, 18.)0. 
James A. Tagcart, son of J. and A., 

d. May 7, 1849; ly. im. 
John Taggart, d. June 4, 1843; 65y. 
John C. Taggart, sou of J. and A., d. 

Dec. 1, 1812; 3y. 7m. 3d. 
jNIarnaret Taggart, AAife of John, d. 

Aug. 31, 18(n ; 82y. 5m. lUd. 
]Maria B. Taggart. Avife of George, b. 

June 27, 1822: d. Mar.h 14, 18!i3. 
Orriu G. Taguart, d. April 20, 1887; 

Sarah J. Taggart, d. Jan. 24, 1883; 62y. 

lOm. 22d. 
Eliza Jane Trainer, daughter of J. 

and C, d. Jan. 26, 1865; 3y llm. 12d. 
V,illiam TAveed, d. May 29, 1853; 53y. 

(im. 13d. 
Jane \ incent, wife of Dr. Thomas, 

d. Oct. 11, 1858: 75y. 
Marv Vincent, daughter of Dr. Thomas 

and Mary; d. April 13, 1829; i;;y. 
Marv Vincent, daughter of Thomas 

and Mary; d. Ai)i-il 3, 1846; 8y. 
Di'. Thomas Vincent, d. Aug. 31, 1841; 

AVraham W.allace. son of J. and E., b. 

Aug. 24, 1813; d. Aug. 18, 1846. 
Eliza bi^th Wallace, Avife of Johu, b. 

8e]). 23, 1776; d. Feb. 19, 1855. 
Jane Wallace, Avife of N. A., d. Feb. 



9. LSfiS; 52y. 7di. 8d. 
Jolm Wallace, b. May 8, 1774; d. June 

4, 1S0":{. 

Margaret Wallace, daughter of J. aud 

E., b. July IC, ISi.G; d. Sep. 20, 18;jl. 
Nathaniel A. Wallace, d. Dee. 28, 1S92; 

Esther Watt, wife of William, d. 

April 24, 1S34; 54v. 
Samuel Watt, d. Feb. 28, 1818; 70y. 
John Waugh. son of J. and S., d. Feb. 

17, 1J-'4S; yy. 11m. 2od. 
Daniel Welch, Sr., d. ^ep. 7, 1819; OGy. 
Daniel Welch, d. Aug. 9, 18G8; 78v. 
Daniel P. Welch, d. May 6, 18G4; 24y. 

Gm. 8d. 
Elizabeth Welch, wife of Daniel, d. 

March 29. 1844; 74y. 
Elizabeth Welch, daughter of Daniel 

and Margaret; 15y. 
E. Gray Welch, son of D. and M., d. 

Nor. 30, 1877; 35v. 
.Tohn P. Welch, d. July 31, 18G7; 31y. 

11m. 22d. 
Margaret Welch, wife of Daniel, d. 

Sep. 9, 1833; 37y. 
Martha AVelch, wife of Samuel, d. 

April 13, 183(;; 21y. 
Mary Welch, wife of Daniel, d. Felj. 

r>, 1S48: 41y. 2m. Id. 
Samuel AVelch, d. Feb. 22, 18G5; 20y. 

Im. Id. 
Mary White, wife of William, d. April 

4, 1835: 25y. 

Anne Wiley, wife of J., d. April 15, 

18.3G; 39y. 
Matilda Wiley, daughter of Joseph 

and Anne; d. April (>, 18.32; 5m. 
Rebecca L. AViley, daughter of Joseph 

and Anne, d. INlarch 17, 1820; lly. 
James AVilkin, d. April 7, 1815; 8Uy. 
James A\ilkin, d. Aug. 15, 1822; 19y. 

Hm. 7d. 

William Wilkin, 1808; 

Infant daughter of A. and L. Work, d. 

June 10, 18G2; Gd. 
Alex. Work, d. May 7, 1851; 70y. 
Alexander Work, son of Dr. G. L. and 

5. B., d. May 9, 18G2; 19y. 10m. 8d. 
Alexander Work, d. Jan. 16, 1883; 55y. 

5m. 12d. 
David C. Work, son of Dr. G. L. and 

S. B., d. July 19, 18G3; 18y. 5m. 
Jane Work, wife of A., d. April 9, 1851; 

Jolm B. Work, son of Dr. G. L. and S. 

B., d. April 10, 18G4; 18y. Im. 24d. 
Nevin Craig Work, son of A. and J., 

d. Jan. 4, 1854; ly. 11m. 13d. 
Robert A. Work, son of A. and L., d. 

March 2V,, 1802: 4y. 13d. 
Adam Wylie, d. June 1, 1S27; 78y. 
John Wylie, d. April 6, ISIG; 40y. 
Mary P. Wylie, wife of William, d. 

INIarch 10, 1888: 85y. 
William Wylie. d. Nov. 19, 1871; 69y. 

9m. 5d. 

Agnes Young, consort of Jacob; 

.Jacob Young. 

Nancy Young, d. Feb. 28, 1827; 49y. 


To June 22, 1896. 

Katharine d. Feb. 12, 1844;- 

son, d. July 2, 1843; 

27y. 11m. 
Sarah Adams, d. IVIarch 25, 1854. 
Margaret Alexander, d. July 22, 18—2; 

30y. Gm. 27d. 
Nancy Alexander, d. Jan. 24, 1855; 55y. 

2m. 5d. 
Samuel Alexander, d. Feb. 16, 1873; 

84y. 21d. 
Mary Allen, d. Jan. 7, 1837. 
Jane Amspoker, wife of Samuel, d. 

June 27, 1859: 2Gy. 
William Anderson, son of Hugh and 

Margaret, d. July 25, 1821; 2y. 3m. 
Ruth Andrews, formerly widow of 

George McFadden, d. May 22, 1871. 
Anna Arnold, wife of Rezln, d. Feb. 

16. 1825; 29y. 7m. 3d. 
.Tohn Arnold, son of Rezin and Anna, 

d. Feb. 27, 1823; 4m. 27d. 
Emily Barcroft, daughter of John and 

Elizabeth, d. May 31, 1834. 
.Lnmes Bernard Barcroft. son of .L and 

E.. d. April 7. 1832: 7y. 10m. 21d. 
Martha Ann Barcroft. daughter of 

John and Elizabeth, d. May 26, 1835; 

2y. 9m. 16d. 
Sarah Barcroft, daughter of Ralph L. 

and M., d. Oct. 8, 1824; 4y. 8m, 5d. 



Jane Barger. wife of Valentine, d. Sep. 

12, 1853; 69y. 11m. 28d. 
Jane Bargor, daughter of H. and B., 

d. July 10. 1S4S; lly. 28d. 
Nancv Barger, daughter of H. and B., 

a. July 12, 1848; 3y. 8m. 9d. 
Peter Bargar, d. Jan. 30, 1800: 71y. 
Valentine Bargar, d. Sep. 27, 1851; 08y. 

11m. 22d. 
Marv Barnett, wife of James, d. Jan. 

21, 1838; OTy. 
Samuel Barnett, son of William and 

Phebe, d. March 22. 1842; ly. Im. 
Mary Ann Beale, consort of John, d. 

:»Iarch 2. 1S42; 2f.y. 
Robert Beatty, cL Nov. 15, 1849; 34y. 

7m. 7d. 
Nancy Beebe, wife of Gen. W. B., d. 

Oct. 13. 1850; 77y. 
Gen. AValter B. Beebe, d. Jan. 24, 

1836; 50y. 
Mary Ellen Bennett, daughter of Wil- 
lis W. and Mary, d. Aug. 21, 1830; ly. 
■ Im. 8d. 
Lucinda Bingham, wife of Thomas, 

Sen., d. Nov. 0, 1844. 
Hamilton Birch, d. March 27, 1847; 

Isabella Birch, wife of Thomas L., d. 

Nov. 25, 1830; 77y. 
Elizabeth Blackford, wife of Samuel, 

d. Oct. 4, 1840; 20y. 3m. 20d. 
Marj' Bostwick, daughter of S. W. and 

Ann P. 

Virginia Bostwick, daughter of S. W. 

and Ann P., d. Sept. 0, 1831. 
Adaline Bovd, daughter of J. and M., 

d. June 21, 1851; 18y. 2ni. 22d. 
Alice C. Boyd, daughter of J. and M., 

d. Oct. 28, 1847; 9y. 
Eliza A. Boyd, daughter of J. and M., 

d. March 5, 1850; 2]y. lOd. 
James Boyd, d. Dec. 25, 1851; 40y. 
^Margaret Bovd, consort of Thomas, d. 

May 8, 1831; 37y. Im. 2ed. 
Marv Jane Boyd, daughter of James 

and Maria, d. April 19, 1832; 7m. 

Crissinda Braden, daughter of J. B. 

and J., d. May 8, 1842; ly. 10m. 2d. 
John H. Braden, d, April 24, 1841; 2'4y. 
Robert Braden, d. March 21, 1839; 05y. 
Susanna Braden, Avife of James, d. 

Dec. 22, 1857; Sly. 5m. 2d. 

Nancv Brothers, d. Oct. 19, 1845; 2y. 

Sara M. Brothers, daughter of J. and 

N., d. July 3, 1851: ly. 8m. Od. 
Rosanuah Moore Bumey, daughter of 

William and Sarah Moore, and cou- 

sort of Hugh Burney; [dates goufj. 
Walter F. Bur well, son of .Joseph and 

Elizabeth, b. March 4, 1805; d. Jan. 

10, 1823. 
William Bushfield, son of George and 

Mary, d. Aug. 7, 1828; 10m. 29d. 
Caroline T. Cady, daughter of J. and 

C. T., d. Feb. 15. 1845; 2y. Im. lOd. 
Elizabeth Cady, daughter of J. and C. 

T., d. Feb. 22, 1848; ly. 5d. 
John Caldwell, b. June 11. 1780; d. 

Dec. 10, 1859. 
William T. Campbell, d. Jan. 26, 1855; 

35y. 9m. 23d. 
Elizabeth Carnahan, daughter of S. 

and S., d. Oct. 22, 1847; 8y. 7m. 5d. 

George Carahan. 

Joseph Carnahan, son of Samuel and 

Sarah, d. Dec. 24, 1855; 21y. 11m. 

Joseph Carnahan. d. Feb. 21, 1852, 82y. 
Samuel Carnahan, d. Oct. 13, 1851; 87y. 
Sarah Carnahan, consort of Samuel, d. 

Oct. 14, 1841; 34y. 
Eliza J. Putnam Brister. daughter of 

M. P. and C. 1'., 11 weeks. 
David Chambers, son of William and 

Ann, d. Sep. 13, 1821 ; 2y. 7iu. lOd. 
James W. Christv, son of ^^'. and M., 

d. Nov. 12, 1849; 20y. 
Martha Christv, wile of William, d. 

June 10, 1859: Goy. 
William Christy, d. April 23, 1856: 63y. 
Agnes Clandon, wife of James M., d. 

Nov. 20, 1853; 42y. Id. 
George G. Clandon, son of James M. 

and A., d. June 24, 1844; ly. 14d. 
George S. Clark, d. June 19, 1853; 41y. 

Hannah J. Clark, daughter of Joseph 

and S., d. May 14, 1855; 3y. 11m. 
Jane (^lark, wife of Joseph, d. July 12, 

1844; 37y. 
Mary Clark, daughter of Samuel and 

Jane, d. Dec. 18, 1857; ly. 5m. 
Matthew Clark, d. May IS, 1852; 53y. 

Im. 22d. 
Samuel O. Clark, son of Joseph jind 



S.. d. Afnrph 8. 18r)o: 7y. 3ni. Gd. 
.Toliu R. Clilforil, son of J. and M. A.. 

d. Get. 14, 1852: lOy. 

Ann Collins, d. Oct. 17, 1828: 

Joroniiah Cox, d. May 17, 1825; lly. 

Jonathan Cox, d. Aug. 25, 1817; 3y. 9ui. 

v<\nn Crabb. d. Juno 10, 1814: 1.3d. 
ElizalH'tli Ciai?:. wife of John, b. in 

Washinstcn County, Fa., June 23, 

1781; came to Ohio, Oct., 1803; d. 

Feb. 28, 1SG4. 
John CraiiT, d. Aug. 22, 1825; 50y. 22d. 
John Craig, Jr., d. Sep. IG, 1825; 3y. 

]m. IGd. 
Johnson Craic:, son of Johnson and 

ISIartha. d. Oct. 1, 1837; ly. 4m. 14d. 
Rachel Craig, d. Aug. 22, 1825; 19y. 

llm. 5d. 
Rebecca Craig, daughter of Roland 

and Susanna, d. Feb. 15. 1832. 
Roland Crai^-, d. August 24, 1824; 48y. 

nm. 21d. 
Susanna Craig, i-elict of Roland, d. 

July 13, 1S2(>; 48y. Sm. 20d. 
Tliomas Craig, son of AValter and 

Elizabeth, d. Jan. 22, 18.38; 18y. Gd. 
Jane Crawford, consort of Thomas, d. 

July 2G, 183G: 27y. Hm. 9d. 
Mvra M. Cra^^■ford, wife of J. R., b. 

May 6. 1811; d. Nov. 4, 18.33. 
Jane Croiser, consort of John, d. Sep. 

15, 1*^30: 3ny. 
John AY. Culbertson. son of R. and E., 
. d. Dec. 12, 1849: Ira. 12d. 
Sara Dawson, d. Jan. 20, 1858; 78y. 
Thomas Dawson, d. Jan. 31, KS'iO; 80y. 
E. IT. Ditmars, d. May 22, 18-52; 22y. 
Esther B. Doig, Avife of Rev. James 

R.. d. July G. 1851; .3.5y. 
Isabella Doucbiss, wife of Samuel, d. 

.Inly 3. lJv[9: 32y. 
Sara Hull Iionsrl-iss, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Isabella, d. July 17, 181G; 8y. 
Ann Drummond, wife of Samuel, d. 

July 25, 1844: 44y. 
James Drummond, Sr., d. March 13, 

1830: 83y. 
Margaret Drummond, d. July 7, 1839; 

William H. Duncan, son of Richard 

and I\r., d. Oct. 1. 1859; 14d. 
Sarah Dunlap, wife of Joseph, d. May 


18. 1837: 37y. 4ni. 4d. 
Ezariah Edwards, d. Oct. 5, 1858; 90y. 
Henrietta Edwards, wife of Ezariaa, 

d. March 20, 185 >; 75y. 
Nancv Farrell, wile of Peter, d. May 

12, 1845; 82y. 
Peter Farrell, d. July 10, 1851; 105y. 

Edward G. Ferguson, son of S. and 

H. J., d. June 9, 1852; 4 m. 9d. 
Lucy M. Fergii.son, daughter of S. and 

H. J., d. Aug. 2G, 1853: 7y. 25d. 
Rol-iert Ferguson, d. Feb. 25, 1852; 70y. 
William Ferguson, d. Dec. 15, 1832; 

Thomas Findley, d. Jan. 11, 1847; 40y. 
Julia Jenette Forties, wife of J. S., 

d. Nov. 22, 1844: 23y. 
Sara Jenette Forbes, daughter of J. 

and S. N., d. July 20, 1848: 9m. 
Sara N. Forbes, wife of J. S., d. June 

25. 1848; 22 v. 
S. J. Forbes, d. April 2-3, 1818; 21y. 
Rebecca Ford, wife of John G., d. 

April 10, 181G: 19y. 
Mary Ann Fi*ancis, consort of William, 

d. Feb. 6, 1833; 27y. 
Mary Frver, wife of Robert, d. May 

30, 1837; 45v. 
Robert Fryer, d. Jan. 28, 1857; GGy. 
Robert Fulton, son of W. and M., d. 

April G, 1850; 21v. 9m. 12d. 
Thon;as Fulton, d. May 2G, 1827; 31y. 
Abraham Furney, d. August 27, 1842: 

Susanna Furney, d. May 28, 1842; 90y. 

Margaret G vln, d. 18—4; 80y. 

Marv Gallacher, daughter of James 

and Elizabeth, d. Jan. 25, 1828. 
Albert J. Gillespie, son of J. W. and 

C. A., d. .Inly 15, 1853; 5y. 8m. Id. 
James P. Gillespie, son of J. W. and 

C. A., d. Mav 4. 1852; Gy. 6m. 3d. 
Little Netty Gillespie, d. July G. 1853; 

2v. 9m. 4d. 
• Gilmore, d. March 20, 1840; 

Elizabeth Buchanan Gilmore, consort 
of Stimue). d. April 16, 1829; 52y. 

Francis Giluiove, d. July 8, 18iG; G5y. 

Rachel Gilmore, daughter of Nathan- 
iel and Alarv, d. Jan. 5, 1838; 4y. 3m. 

Samuel Gilmore, d. Sept. 8, 1814; 44y. 



"A soldior of the war of 1S12." 
M.'iry Katherine Glass, daiisliter of 

S."and N., fl. Nov. 7, 1S4G; ly. 7m. 

Nancv Glass, wife of S., d. Feb. 11, 

1858; 41y. Om. lid. 
INInrtlias Glassaow, daughter of John 

W. and Sara W., d. Aug. IS, 1830; 

ly. Im. Gd. 
Marvanna Glassgow, daughter of Wil- 

liaiu and Mary, d. June 12, 1S30; Kiy. 

8in. 20d. 
Elizabeth Jane Gordon, neice of Dr. 

M. L. and Elizabeth Wilson, d. 

March 25, 1812: ISy. 7d. 
Elienezer Gray, Sr., d. Jan. 18, 18G1; 

3Sy. 2m. 18d. 
aiargaret Gray, wife of Ebenezer, d. 

July 5. 18.52: 75y. 
Mary Moore Gray, daughter of George 

and Ann Jane Moore, and wife of 

John P. Gray; d. Feb. 23, 183G; 22y. 
James Grimes, son of William and 

Rebecca, d. July 10. 1841; 24y. 
Francis Grove, d. March 9, 1844; 62y. 

7m. 2Gd. 
James Harper Guthrie, son of J. W. 

and E. S.. d. June 12, 1853; 2y. 2m. 
Infant son of S. and M. Hamilton. 
Elizabeth Hamilton, consort of Wil- 
liam, d. Feb. 1, 1829; 51y. 12d. 
Francis Hamilton, d. March 1, 1844; 

Joshua Hamilton, son of G. and M., 

d. Nov. 4. 1853; Gm. lid. 
Margaret Hamilton, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Elizabeth, d. March 15, 

1830; 35y. 7d. 
Margaret Hamilton, wife of Francis, 

d. Feb. G, 1857; SOy. 5m. 27d. 
Ruth Hamilon, wife of Francis, d. 

Oct. 22, 1842; 52y. 7m. 
Susanna Hamilton, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Elizabeth, d. Jan. 8, 1837; 

SGy. 9m. 3d. 
Andrew Finlev Hauna, d. April 12, 

1847; 34y. 
Ann Leonard Hanua, consort of John; 

d. ISIarch 23. 1818; 45y. 
George Hanna, son of A. F. and S., 

d. .tuly 4. 1842; ly. 5m. 
James L. Hanna, d. June 11, 1S20; 22y. 

Sm. lOd. 
Jamima Hauna, wife of Rev. Thomas, 

d. .July 14, 1847; 41y, 9m. 15:1. 
Jane Hanna, daughter of John, d. 

April 13, 1833; 22y. 
John Hanna. d. Juno 2, 1847; 73y. 5m. 

Marv Hanna, daughter of John, d. 

Sep. 11, 1820; 20y. 
Marv Hanna, daughter of A. and S., 

d."Nov. 13, 1S40: 2y. Gm. 
Thomas Hanna, son of R. P. and J. 

E., d. Rep. 17, 1S4S; ly. 10m. 17d. 
Cassandria Harper, d. July 23, 1852; 

James Harper, d. June 4, 1853; 60y. 

Gm. lUd. 
Jane S. Harper, daughter of James 

and Sarah; d. Nov. 10. 1854; 33y. 8m. 

Samuel Harper, d. July 39, 1849; Sly. 

lOni. 5d. 
Sarah Harper, d. Dec. 20, 1837; G4y. 

8m. Id. 
Infant daughter of W. and C. Harshe, 

d. May 10, 1850; 4d. 
Eliza Hogg Hatcher, d. June 18, ISGO; 

57y. 9m. 25d. 
Infant daughter of John and Nancy 

Haverlield, d. Aug. 1, 1849; 5d. 
Agnes S. Haverfield, wife of John, d. 

Oct. 28, 1848; 77y. 
Alvan Haverfield, son of John and 

Nancy, d. Aug. 11. 1844; 2y. 
Catharine Haverfiiolil, wife of Joseph, 

d. Aug. 20, 1852; G5y. 
Elizabeth Haverfield, wife of W., d. 

Dec. 23. 1855; 84y. 
Isabella Haverfield, daughter of James 

and Martha, d. Jan. 3, 1855: ly. 3m. 

.John Haverfield, d. Aws. 23. 1855; 77y. 
Joseph Haverfield, d. March 31, 1S52; 

Gly. 11m. 3d. 
Martha Haverfield, wife of James N., 

d. Jan. 28, 1857; 29y. 11m. Id. 
INtary Haverfield. daughter of John 

and Nancv, d. Oct. 4, 1845; ly. 
William Haverfield, d. June 14, 1859. 
Ellen Healea. consort of Thomas, d. 

April 20, 1840; 20y. 
Prudence Hedges, daughter of Samrel 

and Prudence, d. Oct. 21, 1840; 17y. 

lira. 12d. 
Alexander Henderson, d. Oct. 24, 1842; 




Mary Ann Henderr-nn. wife of John N., 

d. Sell. 30, 1^54: .":0y. VAk\. 
Mary K. HoiuliTSon, wife of John N., 

d. May 2!), 1850; 24y. 4m. 
Thomas Henderson, d. June 9, 1852; 

Eli/.alieth Hitchcock, danshter of 

Samuel and Isnbelhi, d. Jan. 17, 180-; 

ITy. lUm. 12d. 
Isabelhi Hitchcock, wife of Samuel, 

d. Feb. 24, 1851; 63y. 
Emley Holfman, daughter of J. and 

S., ("1. Dec. 22, 1850, 18y. Im. 12d. 
I'ercival Thomas Hogg, son of Thomas 

and 10., d. Aug. 10, 1825: ly. Im. Od. 
Thomas Hosg, d. April 14, 18.53; 55y. 

7m. 14d. 
William Henrv Hocrg, son of Thomas 

and E., d. Oct. 2U, "l8:;7; 8y. 2m. 27d. 
Infant daughters uf J. and E. Howard, 

d. Aug. 2^, 18.52, and Aug. 3, 1852. 
Joshua Ho^vard, d. July 31, 1S5!J; 32y. 

10m. 5d. 
Martlia Howard, wife of Joshua, d. 

July 8, 18(50; 33y. 11m. 12d. 
Mary Howard, daughter of Joshua and 

Martha, d. Aug. 4, 3853; 4j'. 11m. 23d. 
Henry Houser, d. Sep. 23, 1855; (JUy. 
Dydia Houser, wife of Gasaway, d. 

March 28, 1844; 37y. 
Susanna Houser, wife of Henry, d. 

^ilarch 11, lS(i7; 7Gv. 
Susan Hovt, d. Feb. 0, 1843; 29y. 11m. 

Clarissa D. Hull, consort of John, 

d. Dec. 13. 1837; ISy. Im. 3d. 
Daniel K. Hull, son of Jolm S. and 

Mary Ann, d. Aug. 27, 1843; Gm. 19d. 
John R. Hull, son of John and Clar- 
issa D., d. March 13, 1838; 3m. lOd. 
.John C. Hunter, son of J. S., d. Dec. 

2B. 1849: 21y. Id. 
Andrew Jamison, d. April 27, 1854; 

Ann .Jamison, wife of John, Sen., d. 

Aug. 30. 1817; 67y. 
Barclay Jamison, .son of A. and A., d. 

Oct. 13. 1857; ly. 5m. 2d. 
John Jamison, Sen., d. Oct. IG, 1848; 

Martlia Jamison, consort of Walter, d. 

Noy. 23. 1S5G; 28y. 
Mary Jamison, daughter of Joseph and 

C. d. Sep. 8, 1858; 7m. 8d. 

Nancv Jamison, dauuiiter of A. an 1 

M.. d. Oct. 14, 18.52; lOy. 
Oliyer Jamison, son of Andrew and A., 

d. Sep. 30, 1857; 3y. 8m. 20d. 
Walter Jamison, son of Walter and 

jNIartha. d. INiarch 1, 1835: 8m. 3d. 
Willard G. .Tamison. son of James K. 

and E., d. Noy. 23. 185G: Im. 7d. 
William R. .Tamison. son of J. and S., 

d. August 17, 1849; 5y. 10m. lid. 
Martha Jewett. daughter of Thomas 

L. and Anne, Gy. 7m. 
Briceland Johnson, son of James and 

Ann, d. Dec. 27, 1832; 5y. 3ra. 14d. 
Edward Johnson, son of W. and S.. 

d. Feb. 6, 1854; 5y. Im. 7d. 
George H. Johnston, son of John and 

Eleanor, d. May IG, 1834; 21y. 
Margaret Johnson, wife of Nicholas, d. 

Oct. 2. 1837: (ISy. 8m. 2d. - 
Rebecca F. .Tolins n. f'aught?r of West- 
comb, d. Oct. 27, 18G0; 4y. 8m. 5d. 
'\^'estcomb Johnson, d. August 10, 1859, 

Dr. William Johnson^ d. Dec. 27, 183S; 

Calyin Jones, d. Dec, 183G: 3"^-. 
Actia Junldns, consort of Adnn, d. 

Jan. 8, 1829; 39y. 25d. 
INIary J. Junkins, daughter of Adam 

and Actia, d. Nov. 6, 1828; 11m. 2d. 
M. E. Junkins. d. April 2, 182G; 3ui. 

Samuel P. Junkins, son of Adam and 

Actia, d. May G, 1825; 4y. 8d. 
Ilenaby Kerr, a native of Dumfries, 

Scotland: d. July 12. 1857: 3Gy. 
Mary Kllgore, consort of Daniel, b. 

May 18. 1800; d. Feb. 3, 1825; 24y. 

8m. IGd. 
Mary Kilgore, b. .Tan. 16, 1S52; d. May 

19, 1857. 
Mnry I'ritchard Tvilgore, daughter of 

Daniel and jNfary, b. Jan. 23, 1825: 

d. April 25. 1827. 
William Philander Tvilgore, son of 

Daniel and Mary, b. March 2. 1820; 

d. Sep. 30, 1821. 
Catherine Kimble, d. July 31. 1830; 

Munson King, son of .Toll and E., d. 

July 13, 1830; ly. 2ra. 8d. 
Solomon Iving, son of Job and E., d. 

Sep. 28, 1833; .3y. Im. 3d. 



Amanda Knox, d. May 9. 1856. 
Arthur Knox. d. Aiicr. 2:? i«57. 
K.sther Knox, d. June 27, 1S3C. 
Esther Knox, AvitV or ^\ ililam, d. 

March 2, 18(;3; 78y. 
Margaret Knox, dnu'^hter of James 

and Sarah, d. June 11, 1830: 2y. 3m. 
Rev. William Knox, d. June 16, ISol; 

Elizabeth Lacey, daughtei- of Anna 

and John, d. Feb. 15, 1823: ly. 2m. 

— d. 
William Lacey, d. May 17, 1828; 64y. 
Edward T,alferty, d. Nov. 8, l?3ii: 47y. 
Jane Lafferty, daughter of Edward 

and INIargaret, d. Jan. 21, 1835; llv. 

3m. 21 d. 
Samuel Laffertv, d. An<?. 26, 1828; ny. 

9m. 21 d. 
Robert Laughlin. d. Pec. 11, 1860; ISy. 

5m. 6d. 
Mary G. Leacoek. wife of D. W., d. 

April 23, 1856: 28y. Ini. 27d. 
Jamep Lee, d. Oct. 3, 1845; 59y. 

Jesse P. I^ee, 

Jolin I?asken Crouch Tee, son of James 

and Ruth, d. Dec. 3, 1857; 14y. !)m. 


Marie Lee, 

Martha Lee, daughter of Thomas and 

Nancy W., d. : 6m. 27d. 

Martha C. Lee, daughter of Thomas 

and Nancy W., d. 

ly. 5m. 7d. 

Thomas Lee, d. Nov. 1, 1854; 51y. 10m. 
Jane Williams Lee, daughter of Thom- 
as and Nancy, d. iNIny 19, 1823; 2y. 

8m. 28d. 
Infant daughter of J. and S. J. Lof- 

land: d. Oct. 9. 1852. 
James Love, son of William and 

Nancy, d. Rep. 9, 18.35; 2y. 
Ann E. Lyons, d. April 23, 1844; 11m. 

Ann W. Lyons, d. May 16, 1844; 34y. 
John McAdams, d. Aug. 28, 1833; 73y. 

Sarah Ann McClellan, wife of James, 

d. TNlay 31, 18.54; 37y. 9m. 26d. 
Edward G. McCoy, son of M. and IT., 

d. 1ST arch .30. 1S.55: 5m. 7d. 
Jane McCov, wife of Matthew, d. Sep. 

18. 1855; 73v. 2m. 29d. 
Marsraret J. INIcCoy, d. Jan. 17, 1822: 

lly. 3m. 13d. 

Martha J. McCoy, daughter of M. and 

H.. d. Oct. 6, 11^51 ; 9ui. 24d. 
Mary T. McCoy, d. Jan. 8, 1825; 10m. 

Matthew ISIcCoy. d. Oct. 10, 1855; 72y. 

2m. 2d. 
Amanda Jane INIcCue, daughter of 

Tliomas and Mary, d. Oct. 16, 1846; 

5y. Im. 
William H. H. McCue, son of Thomas 

and Mary, d. Feb. 12, 1810; 4m. Id. 
InlDut daughter of S. B. and !S. Mc- 

Elizabeth McFaddcn, wife of Samuel, 

d. Dec. 24, 1857; 72y. 
Elizabeth McP'adden, daughter of J. 

and M., d. April 19, 1S37; 19y. 
George McFadden, sou of Samuel and 

Mary. d. Oct. 22, 1S32; Sy. 26d. 
George S. McFadden, d. Feb. 21, 1844; 

James McFadden. son of Alexander 

and ISIargaret, d. August 23, 18:j'.J; 

Jane ^IcFadden, consort of Joseph, d. 

?iIaT 5, 1827: 67v. 
.Tohn"McFadden, d. April 13, 1S35; S9y. 
Jolin McFadden, d. Aug. 30, 1S57; 07y. 
John McFadden, son of J. and M., d. 

Sep. 20, 1840; 3y. 4m. 
John McFadden, son of S. B. and S., 

d. Nov. 13, 1840; 10m. 2()d. 
Joseph McFadden, d. Nov. 17, 1835; 

Joseph McFadden, d. Feb. 20, 1859; 

Margaret IMcPadden, consort of JoLu, 

d. April 26, 1826; 75y. 
Margaret IMcFaddeu, wife of Alex- 
ander, d. April 3, 1S50; 66y. 
Marv McFacklen, M'ife of John, d. 

March 22, 1858; 70y. 
Mary McFadden, wife of Joseph, d. 

March 2, 1844; 37y. 
Mary McFadden, daugliter of Samuel 

and Mary, d. July 1, 1832; lOy. 2 in. 

Nancy J. McFadden, d. April 5, 1845; 

5y. Id. 
Rel)ecca McFadden, daughter of John 

and Mary, d. June 7, 1859; 42y. 2m. 

liobert McFadden, son of Samuel and 

M., d. March 8, 1857; 21y. 7m. bd. 



Dr. Samuel McFadden, d. April 26, 

1S34; 77y. 
Samuel McFadden, d. July 2, 1S37; 

S.imuel McFadden, son of S. B. and 

S., d. ,Sep. 15, 1S47; (iy. 2m. 
Samuel INlcFaddeu, son of J. and M., 

d. July 25, ISoo; IGy. 7m. 4d. 
Samuel McFadden, d. March 213, 1854; 

24y. 4m. 21d. 
Samuel Mci<'adden, Jr., d. Mav 5, 1S47; 

Samuel B. McFadden, d. March 19, 

1S55; 7(iy. 
Samuel D. McFadden, son of N. and 

E., d. Feb. 17, ISGU; 24 y. 10m. 27d. 
Sarah McP'adden, daughter of S. and 

I.., d. Feb. 2, 1^47 ; 4Uy. 
Jolm B. McGreAV, Jr. b. Nov. 30, 1844; 

d. Sep. cA), 1845. 
Benezer McKinnia, d. June 12, 1847; 

Hester Maholm, wife of Samuel, d. 

Sep. 22, 1850; 53y. 
Jolm Maholm, d. Sep. 9, 18.54; 59y. 
Margaret Maholm, d. Aug. 18, 1858; 

Martlia Maholm, daughter of Samuel 

and H., d. Aug. 19, 18.30; ly. 20d. 
Sarah Maholm, d. J^'ily, .1848; 45y. 
Sarah Maish, wife of Joseph, d. Nov. 

21, ]S49: 24y. 
George Mahood, d. Dec. 17, 1831; 52y. 
Nancy Mahood, wile of James, d. June 

24, 1844; 24y. 
Lorenzo Mariner, son of Samuel and 

Ciscelia, d. Feb. (3, 1831; 3m. 18d. 
Anna Martin, d. April 3, 185(3; 5t3y. 
Agnes J. Maxwell, daughter of J. C. 

and M., d. Dec. 21, 1852; 3y. 
Rebecca Mayes, consort of John, d. 

Feb. 24, 1817; 29y. 8m. 24d. 
Samuel Mealey, d. Nov. 25, 1850; 49y. 

<jm. (id. 
Samuel T. Mealey, son of S. and A., 

d. Dec. 22, 1850; 18y. 5m. 15d. 
William C. Mealev. son of S- and A., 

d. Nov. 4, 1850; 20y. 7m. 13d. 
Margaret Means, \\ iie ui .lames, Jr., 

d. >eb. 4, 1810; 25y. 2m. 14d. 
James D. ]SIe<4c, d. May 22, 18:J5; 4y. 
Joseph jNIeelj, d. July 23, 1833; 34y. 

10m. 29d. 
Alf.ed P. Meeks, d. May. 5, 1835; 8y. 

Joseph Mehollin, d. March 14, 1853; 

Jane Miller, wife of William, d. Jan. 

8, 1835; 21y. 4m. 

John Miller, d. Feb. 5, 1838; 76y. 4ni. 

Margaret Miller, d. Sep. 14, 185G; 27y. 
INIargaret Miller, daughter of James 

and Susan, d. Marcli 17, 1832; 2m. 

Marv Miller, Avife of John, Sr., d. Sep. 

23, 1850; 97y. 
Mary Miller, daughter of J. and S., d. 

March 15, 1832; 4y. 10m. Id. 
Reliecca J. Miller, daughter of James 

and Susan, d. ilarch 19, 1832; lOm. 

Samuel Miller, son of S. and S., 

d. Sep. 12, 1828; 7m. 13d. 
Sarah Miller, daughter of J. and S., 

d. Dec. 15, 1830; 4y. 11m. lid. 
Thomas Miller, d. July 25, 1841; 30y. 

4m. l(3d. 
Infant daughter of William and Lydia 

?tlillisan, d. May 11. 1827. 
Alexander Milligan, d. Jan. 29, 1J^28; 

39y. Sn]. 20d. 
David Milligan, Sr., d. Dec. 8, 1833; 

Lvdia Milligan, d. Feb. 11, 1838; 38v. 

11m. 7d. 
Marv Milligan, daughter of William 

and Lydia. d. Dec. 14, 1837; 3m. 15d. 
Hannah INIitchell, consort of James, d. 

?>lay 6, 1824; 38y. 
Ann .Tane Moore, wife of George, d. 

August 30, 1839; 59y. 
Elizaljoth Moore, wife of John, d. Sep. 

9, 1850; 38y. 

Elizabeth INIoore, daughter of AVilliam 

and Sarah, d. Sep. 22, 1825: 18y. 
f^porge INIoore. d. May 19. lS-\5: ()2y. 
Hans W". Moore, son of Hans and 

Caroline, d. May 25. 1845; Om. 2d. 
Marv E. Monro, daughter of A. F. and 

S..'d. March 25, 1852; ly. Im. 4d. 
Robert Moore, d. Nov. 16, 1837; 30y. 
Sarah C. jNloore. wife of A. F.. b. 

S(>p. 12, 1823; d. March, 25, 1852. 

William Moore, d. 1847; (i8y. 

George Os-levee. sen of J. and E. A., 

d. Ain-il 3. 1857; lly. 
Elousia Olmstead, daughter of Piatt 



Bennett, b. Dec. 16. 1793; d. Feb. 17, 

Jfsse Olmstead, son of .7ohn and 

Ehmsia, d. April 21, 1837; 21y. 2m. 

2 Id. 
.Jo]in Olrastead, b. Feb. IS, 1782; d. 

.Tune 11, 1850. 
Ziva Bennett Olmstead, son of Elousia, 

d. Oct. 23, 1823; 3y. Sm. 
Charlotte Osborn, daiigliter of Samuel 

and C, d. August G, 1828; 6m. 16d. 
Hannah Osborn, wife of Samuel, d. 

Nov. 15, 1828; 41y. 7m. lOd. 
-James Osborn, son of Samuel and 

Hannah, d. May 22, 1823; 8m. C>d. 
.John Osburu, son of J. and C. d. Nov. 

22, 1831; 19y. 11m. 8d. 
Samuel Osborn, b. Feb., 1781, d. Feb. 

26, 1846. 
L Parr, dau'jjliter of Thomas and 

Sara, d. Dec. 10, 1825; 11m. Id. 
Elizabeth J. Parrish, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Katharine, d. April 30, 

1 Ou.i , <)J . 

Charlotte Patton, wife of Dr. K. W., 

d. Sep. 26, 1848; .34y. 2m. 
John S. Patton, son of J. and N., d. 

Nov. 9, 1841; ly. 10m. 
Martha A. Patton, Daughter of J. and 

N., d. Sep. 2. 1841; 4v. 8)n. 
Thomas Patton, d. Feb. 28, 1832; 63y. 

3m. 22d. 
Sarah Paxton, wile of R., daughter of 

Richard McCullough, d. Jan. 3, 18.55; 

John A. Peppard, son of S. G. and S. 

C b. March 14, 1853; d. Nov. 28. 

Samuel G. Peppard, Esq., b. D?c. 29, 

1817; d. Dec. 5, 1855: 
Elizabeth Pepper, consort of Henry, d. 

Dec. n, 1851; 57y. 3m. 20d. 
Ada W. Phillips, daughter of B. W. 

and M., d. Oct. 9, 1854; 2y. 11m. 14il. 
Sarah Phillip.s, daughter of .John and 

Eliza, d. May 31. 1835; 10m. lid. 
James Poii:er, d. March 20, 1842; 37y. 
James Porter, son of D. and T., d. 

Sep. 21, 1847; ly. 9m. 14d. 
Samuel Porter, son of James, d. Jan. 

11, 1835; lOy. 19d. 
C. S. Price, wife of B. W., d. Mav 30, 

1857; 40y. Id. 
Jessie Pritchard, d. Jan. 6, 1835; 32y. 

Gm. 3d. 

Sarah Pritchard, davghter of John and 

Sarah, b. Aug. 11, 1814; d, June 4, 

1820; 5y. 9m. 24d. 
William T. Pugh. son of E. M. and 

M. A., d. May 21. 18r.4; 5y. 9m. '.) !. 
E!i/ah(>th Rabe. consort of John. d. 

July 30, 1820; 72y. 2m. 4d. 
Isahella Ramsoj% wile of Ben'amiu, d. 

March 31, 1846; 49y. 
Sarali Ramsey, daughter of .J. and S., 

d. Dec. 29. 1851; 29y. 7m. 284. 
Sarah .\nn Ramsey, daughter of J. and 

N., d. July 26, 1850; 8m. 14d. 
J.'nnes Rankin, d. Sep. 23, 1823; 7(iy. 
Infant son of John S. and Sara Rea. — 
Adaline Rea. daughter of John and 

Sarah, d. May 24, 1835; 2y. 6m. 27d. 
MtivY Richey, wife of Thomas, d. Aug. 

2, 1S2;',; .52y. 
Thomas Richey, d. Sep. 29, 1824: 55y. 
George W. Riley, d. June 8, 1835; 21 v. 

9m. 29d. 
N. Riley. Sr., d. .July 18. 18.52; 83y. 
Nancv Riley, wile of Nathan, d. Feb. 

13, I860: 76y. 
Margaret Ritchie, wife of John, d. 

Dec. 29, 1853; 63y. 
Jolin Robinson, d. Jan. 26, 1838; 44y. 

5m. 13d. 
Mary Jane Rohiuson. daugliter of John 

and Susanna, d. Jan. 30, 1823; 2v. 

2m. lid. 
INIary J. Robinson, daughter of J. and 

S.. d. April 7, 1832; Oy. 8m. 27d. 
Infant daitghter of J. J. and E. A. 

Rose, d. I>ec. 2, 1854; Im. 9d. 
John M. Rose, son of J. J. and E. A., 

d. April 16, 1857; 8m. 24d. 
James Ross, d. May 7, 1832; 27y. 8m. 

-John Ross, d. Sep. 8, 1833; 82y. 11m. 

.John Sankey, d. April 17, 1821: 4m. 

Robert Sankey, d. Nov. 18, 1820; 19y. 

llm. 24d. 
Elizalieth Scoles, Avife of Curtis W., 

d. July 18, 1833; 24y. 5m. Kid. 
Eleanor Scott, daughter of James and 

Harriet, d. Sep. 3. 1823; Idni. 
James Sharp, d. Jan. 6, 1838; 5y. 3m. 
Jane Shaii), wife of Thomas, d. April 

24, 1859; 93y. 3m. 24d. 







John C. Sharp, son of "William and M., 

d. Nov. '_>•"), IS.'il; 14y. oiu. lod. 
Joseph Sharp, sou of T. and J., d. iNIay 

13, 18oo; 17y. 8iu. 21 d. 

Joseph Sharp, 

Sarah Sharp, danahtor of Thomas 

J., d. Sep. 4. 1831: 18y. 8m. ;;d. 
Thomas Sharp, d. Dec. 29, 1825, 

5m. lid. 
Marv Shotwell, daughter of S. B. 

N. G., d. IMarch 2, 1854: KUn. 
Walter B. Shotwell, d. May 21, 


William Shotwell. d. Dec. 1, 1849; 25y. 
William Shotwell, d. Jan. 21, 185Y; 

Ann Slemmons. wife of M. G., d. 

March 2(1, 1857: 39y. 
John Slemmons, d, l^eb. 23. 1810; 25y. 
John D. Slemmons, son of William K. 

and Nancy, d. Aug. 31, 1821; 13y. 

9m. 27d. 
William Slemmons, son of ]\I. G., d. 

May 23, 184G; ly. 3m. 2Ud. 
William Slemmons, son of B. and S., 

d. Aug. 19, 1848: 19y. 
William R. Slemmons, d. Dec. G, 1841; 

Elizabeth J. Sloan, daughter of Mat- 
thew and Elizabeth, d. March 23, 

1842; 3y. fim. 5d. 
Samuel Smiley, son of J. V. and J. 
Sarah M. Smiley, daughter of J. V. 

and J., d. April 23, 1S51; 3y. 11m. 
William Smiley, sou of J. V. and J., 

d. May 10, 18.54; 24y. 
Rossweil C. Smith, son of .J. INI. and R., 

d. July 29. 1850; 9y. 7m. 2d. 

Samxiel Smith, 

Rachel Snider, wife of Samuel, daugh- 
ter of W. and S. Moore, b. March 13, 

1819. d. Oct. 18. 1847. 
Samuel Snider, d. Dec. 18, 1854; 45y. 
Marv Spear, consort of John. d. June 

1, 1826: -l.5y. 
,lohn Steward, d. Feb. 13, 1S2G; 



.Tohn Steward, d. August 28, 1835 
Maruaret Strausbaugh. ('auahter 

and B., d. July 19. 
Josei)h Wilson Stubl 

and Frith, d. May 
Alexander Taggart, 



; 7-Jy. 

of V. 
1848; 27y. 25d. 
ins. son of Henry 
7, 1830; ;',0d. 
d. Aug. 13, 1S3G; 

.Mary Eliza Taggart, daughter of Alex- 
ander and C. 11., d. .July 24, 183G; 2y. 

Samuel David Taggart, son of A. and 
C. II.. d. July 31, 183G; 4y. 

Infant daughter of J. and E. Thomp- 

David Thomiison, d. June IG, 1855; 
49y. Sm. 13cl. 

Frank S. Thompson, son of S. and S. 
J., d. Sep. 10, 185G; ly. 7m. 3d. 

Jane Thompson, wife of James W., d. 
May 14, 1829; 52y. 

Charles Timmons, d. 

Eli Timmons, d. April 27, 1829; 33y. 
3m. 21 d. 

Eliza Timmons, daughter of Eli and 
Naomi, and niece of John S. Lacey, 
d. July IG, 1832; 19y. 

Frederick Timmons, d. 
32y. 4m. 21d. 

Katherine Timmons, 

Dec. 6, 1837; 


•hter of 
ol, 18ol ; 

of Charles, d. 
wife of Eli, d. 
of W. 

Charles and Mary, d. 

28y. 5m. 4d. 
Mai'y Timmons, wife 

Aug. 5, 1850: 75y. 
Marv Anil Timmons 

Dec. 17, 1848; 2(iy. 
Anna Mary Tipton, daughter 

and M. E., d. Feb. 13, 1859; 17d. • 
Elizabeth Tipton, daughter of J. and 

n., d. May 24, 181G; .jy. Gm. 3d. 
John Tipton, d. Jan. 11, 1815; 30y. lOd. 
Ruth IMpton. wife of John, d. March 

22. 1849; 38y. 20d. 
Elizabeth Vandergraft, daughter of 

Jacob and Elizabeth, d. Feb. 10, 

1838; 5y. Im. 2Gd. 
IMary jNIatilda H. Yandolah, daughter 

ol^ Peter and Nancy, d. May IS, 1824; 

ly. Gm. 28d. 
Nimrod Waaers, d. July 29, 1841; 32v. 

.Tames Walker, d. April 18, 1852; 73y. 
Sara Walker, wife of James, d. Dec. 

28, 18.58; 79y. 

Jamima Wallace, daughter of Robert 

and Albina. d. June 17, 18G0. 
J. R. Wallace, b. JNlav. 1, 1809; d. Oct. 

29, 184G 

Mary Wallace, consort of John R., d. 

Julv 17,. 1834; 29v. 
William Wallace, d. May 28, 1810; SSy. 

2m. 14d. 
Sarah T. AValler, d;iughter of Samuel 



and Amy Rose, d. June 13, 1848. Al- 
so sou, Feb. 7, 1850. 
Kiitler J. Ward, d. Dec. 1, 1844; 22y. 

Maria Weaver, cousort of John, d. 

Aug. S, 1S41; 20y. Im. 28d. 
Eliza Welch, wife of Rcziu, d. Aus?. (j, 

1842; 41y. 
J.nmos Welch, son of B. and J., d. May 

27, ]84<); 27y. " 
Rev. .Tohusou Welch, d. April 7, 1837; 

27y. 7ui. 2d. 
.Taue Welliui?, wife of D., d. June 2G, 

1844; 32y. 

IMiiruaret Welling, wife of David, 

Joseph Wells, son of Thomas W. and 

Elciinor, d. Jan. 19, 1832; 5m. 19d. 
Hannah White, d. Jan. 1. 1849; 75y. 
Eleanor ^Vilkin, d. June 24, 1817. 
Matthew Wilkin, d. Aug. 15, 1835; G4y. 
Mary ^^'illiams, wife of J., d. April 27, 

1848; 29y. 3m. 2(;d. 
Infant son of T. A., and S. A. Wilson, 

d. April 23, 18(59. 
David Wilson, son of William and 

Lydia, d. Oct. 1, 1837; 4y. 2m. 4d. 
Elizabeth Wilson, wife of Dr. M. L., 

d. Aug. 10. 18.58; 74y. 
James Wilson, d, Dec. 0, 1839; G2y. 2m. 

Jane Wilson, wife of James, d. March 

31, 1833; 50y. Gm. 
Dr. Martin L. Wilson, b. May 15, 1785; 

d. .Tan. 10, 1872; H7y. 
Tliomas L. Birch ^^'il.'■■on, son of Dr. 

Martin L. and Elizabeth, d. July 25, 

1825; 6 weeks, 2d. 
liUcilla Caroline Young, d. April 29, 

1834; 33y. 

[So Far as the Graves are Marked.] 

Frank S. Adams, b. March 13, 18G7; d. 

June 30, 1891. 
Mary Adams, daughter of William and 

Matilda, d. Feb. 23, 18(J2; 22y. 
Matilda Adams, wife of William, d. 

Dec. 17, 18G8; G7y. 
Elizabeth Allen, wife of C. N., d. Nov. 

4. 1863; 36y. 6m. 

Teresa J. Allen, dauglrter of C. N. and 

E., d. March IG, 1,S57; 5y. 2m. 7d. 
Virginia Alkn, daughter of C. N., d. 

, 18-: 2y. 23d. 

Alexander M. Amspoker, d. Nov. 20, 

1889; 83y. 
Mary Amspnker, wife of Alexander, d. 

April (5, 1867; (!5y. 
Sanuiel Wilmer Atkinson, son of B. F. 

and Eliza A., d. July 27, 18G2; 13y. 

Gm. 27d. 
Stella Auld, daughter of E. M. and 

S. J., d. Sep. 18, 1877; ly. Im. 19d. 
Mary Barr, wife of AV. A., b. Oct. 2, 

1844; d. May 9, 1879. 
Henry Barricklow. d. Feb. 28, 1873; 

John Barricklow, d. July 21, 1875; 71y. 

9m. 3d. 
Mai-y Ann Barricklow, wife of John, 

d. July 21, 1875: 74y. 5m. 14d. 
Richard P. BarrickloAV, son of G. W. 

and R. E., b. July 23, 1871; d. Oct, 

8, 1890. 
Jane Ann Bayless, d. Nov. 24, 18G4; 

19y. 4m. 17d. 
Arter Reatty, b. Jan. 25, 1827; d. Feb. 

11, 1894. 
Kate Beatty, daughter of Arter and 

Susan, b. Nov. 16, 1Sj3; d. Apiil 1, 

Lizzie M. Beatty, daughter of Arter 

and Susan, b. Nov. 12; 1865; d. April 

11, 1877. 
Maria B. Beebe, d. Aug. 10, 1891; GOy. 
Rezin AVelch Beebe, son of Stuart and 

Aniauett; d. Dec. 31, 1874; 2y. 8m. 
George S. Bell, d. Aug. 3, 1897; 23y. 

Gm 15d. 
Jennie L. Biager. wife of John, d. June 

30, 1871; 25y. 8m. 
Joseph C. Bigger, d. Dec. 4, 1870; 29y. 

5m. 13d. 
Sarah H. Bigger, b. Dec. 22, 1809; d. 

Oct. 7, 1875. 
Robert Birney, born Sep. 9, 1811; d. 

Dec. 4, 1884. 
Albion W. Bostwick. Captain of Com- 

panv G, 74th O. V. I., d. Dec. 10. 

18G2; 35y. 10m. lOd. 
Clai-ence E. Bostwick, son of Albion 

and Mar3% d. Oct. 15. 1861; 5y. Im. 

Samuel W. Bostwick, d. Oct. 6, 1867; 



Itobert Bowland, b. 1708; d. 1880. 
Fruuk Boyles, b. July U, 1S51; d. Sep. 

1, 185G. 

Heury Boylos, b. Jan. 5, 1814; d. July 

8, 18!)L'. 
Maitlui Boyles, wile of Henry, b. May 

12, lSi:0; d. April 4, 1S74. 
Martha Boylis, b. Aug. 112, 1853; d. 

May 3, 1874. 
William 11. Boyles, b. July G, 1840; d. 

April IS, 18!J7. 
Isabull N. Bradeu, daughter of R. L. 

aud L. E., d. Oct. 20, 1804; Oy. liu. 

James Bradeu, b. July 3, 1802; d. June 

28, 1.S78. 
Melissa Braden, wife of D. B., d. May 

14, 1880; 4i;y. 
S. M. Bradeu, wife of D. B., b. July 

2, 1812; d. April 10, 1805. 

Elijah B. Breuau, d. March 15, 187(3; 

David Bricker, son of Johu and Anna, 

d. June 27, 1878; 44y. (Jm. 2(id. 
Johu, d. March 27, 18U1; 67y. 

loiii. l!td. 
Luciuda Bricker, daughter of Henry 

aud Mary A., and wile of John 

Bncker, d. May 1:4, 1871; 8tjy. Im. 

Lydia Bricker, wife of Heury, d. Jan. 

0, 18(i5; (i8y. Sm. 21 d. 
Ann Brindley, d. May 27. 1810; d. Oct. 

t>, 1889. 
John Brindley, Jr., b. Feb. 5. 1844; d. 

Oct. 14, 1880. 
Laura E. Brothers, daughter of John 

and Nancy, d. Sep. 10, 1801; ly. 7m. 

Mary E. Brothers, f^aus-hto'- of .1. and 

N., d. Sep. 22, 18(51; 5y. Cm. 13d. 
Ida F. li. BioAv'u, v, ue or i/r. f?. IL, 

and daughter of F. aud M. Hamil- 
ton, d. Feb. 17, 1871; 21y. 10m. 23d. 
Dr. S. H. Brown, b. July 4, 1840; a. 

March 27, 1882. 
Louisa Brvan, wife of William XL, d. 

May 4, 1800; 2Sy. 
Mattie M. Bryan, daughter of Richai'd 

and Ella C, b. Oct. 20, 18G5; d. Dec. 

21, 1805. 
Sarah A. Bryan, daughter of G. W^ 

and S., b. Dec. 15. 1834; d. Nov. 27, 

Susanna Brvan, wife of G. W., b. 

March IS. 1811; d. Jan. 15, 1882. 
William H. Bryan, son of G. W. and 

S., b. Feb. 7, 183(;; d. April 14, 1873. 
Wilmer E. Brvan, son of U. and E., 

b. Feb. 23, 1870; d. Aug. 10, 1872. 
Enoch Bulger, b. July 2, 1810; d. May 

2, 1881. 
Susanna Bulger, b. Oct. 19, 1828; d. 

May 8, 1SS7. 
Annie L. Bushv, wife of G, W., d. Aug. 

17, 1890; 26v. 8m. 14d. 
C. S. Cady. [No dates]. 
J. Cadv. [No dates]. 
J. R. Cady. [No dates]. 
INIargaret Cady, wife of John, d. May 

IS, 1804: 99y. 
Thomas Cadv, son of William and 

Rachel, d. Aug. 27, 1804; 9y, 4m. 
Anna E. W. Campbell, first wife of 

S. S., d. April 1. 1872; 37y. 
Mary L. Campbell, second wife of S. 

S.. d. .June 3, 1880; 4.3v. 
S. S. Campbell, d. .Jan. 4, 1895; 71y. 
George D. Carnahan, d. May 14, 1845; 

2v. lid. . 
David S. Cnrrick, b. April 1, 1782; d. 

Dec. 25, 1803. 
Elizabeth Carriok. wife of David S., 

b. Aug. 20, 1794; d. Nov. 15. 1873. 
Rebecca Carrick, wife of William, d. 

July 3. 1872; 4Gy. Sm. 25d. 
Elijah Carson, d. Nov. 21, 1887; 77y. 

7m. 9d. 
James N. Carson, b. 1S49; d. 1883. 
Margaret ^I. Carson, wife of Elijah, 

d. Nov. 8, 1884; Sly. 9m. 18d. 
Mariraret Carson, wife of W. N., b. 

1824; d. 1885. 
William .1. Carson, son of E. and M,, d. 

at Dist. San Vincenti INIinoral San 

Rafael, State of Sinaloa, Republic of 

INIexico, Dec. 10, 1872; 40y. 8m. 8d; 

his remains were taken up by his 

brother, A. W. Carson, and brought 

to the United States and interred 

here, Sep. 20, 1870. 
Elizabeth Cassell, wife of Jacob, d. 

April IS, 1807; 03y. 3d. 
.Jacob Cassell, d. June 7, 1881; Sly. 

8m. 22d. 
Jennie M. Chanev. darghter of N. and 

J. M., d. May 17, 1878; 12y. 7m. 3d. 


J. W. Chaney, Company C, 5th Ohio 

Jaue Chirk, wife of Matthew, d. Oct. 

5, 1S(;9; 70y. 
Clara Cochran Clark, wife of Oliver, b. 

April 3, ISoO; d. Jan. 20, 1878. 
Ephram Clark b. Feb. 19, 1S2U; d. Oct. 

10, 1886. 
John M. Clark, b. April 12, 1849; d. 

April 24. 1871. 
John B. Clark, b. Oct. 9, 1827: d. Jan. 

13, 1872; Colonel of the 126th and 

193rd Pennsylvania Volunteers from 

1863 to 1864. 
Oliver T'laik, b. Dec. 9, 1847; d. March 

3, 1804. 
Retta A. Clark, b. May lO, 1C42; d. 

April 22, 1S60. 
William James Clark, b. March, 1835; 

d. Anc. 4, 1882. 
Jolm Clifl'ord, son of J. and M. A., d. 

Sep. 1, 18C.3: 9m. 
Jolm C. Clifford, d. June 13, 1866; 27y. 

10m. 22d. 
Marv Ann Clifford, wife of John, Jr., 

d. Sep. 2. 1863: 84y. 
Mary Clifford, wife of John, Sr., d. 

March 24, 1865; 74y. 
Mary Clifford, dauijhter of J. and M. 

A., d. July 30, 1875: 20y. 4m. 6d. 
J. F. Clokey, Company F, 7th Mo. 

Eleanor Cochran, damrliter of Robert 

and Sarah, b. Feb. 11, 1808; d. Sep. 

17, 1867. 
Robert Cochran, b. Sep. 15, 1771; d. 

Feb. 1, 1862. 
Sarah Co(hran, wife of Ro^iert, b. Jan. 

8, 1787; d. April 4. 1867. 
Abraham Coleman, Company C, 13th 

O. V. I. 
Fannv Bell Conwell, dansiiter of J. 

and" M. .L, d. June 9, 1857; 4y. 3m. 

Rebecca Conwell, b. March 16, 1814; 

d. June 7, 1886. 
WiUiam IT. Conwell, d. Dec. 7, 1861; 

r.v. 10m. 2(1. 
Frank G. Corbly, b. Feb. 8, 1871; d. 

Jan. 6, 1875. 
Georse D. Corbly, b. Sep. 19, 1872; d. 

Am;. 27, 1873. 
Nettie B. Corbly, b. Feb. 22, 1874; d. 

Sep. 6, 1892. 

Elizabeth Cox, b. Jan. 1, 1801; d. ,iau. 

31, 1879. 
Jacob Crabb, b. Apiil IS, 1815; d. Apr.l 

24, 1872. 
Jane D. Crabb, wiie of Jacob, d. Dec. 

9, 1SS9. 
Hannah H. Craiir, wife of Walter, b. 

March 10, 1826; d. .Inly 27, 1879. 
Jane Craig, wife of Walter, d. July 12, 

18.59; 36y. 6m. lOd. 
Johnson Craig, b. Dec. 3, 1803; d. July 

14, 1888. 
Martha Craig, wife of Johnson, b. Dee. 

26, 1810; d. July 16, 1890. 
Nannie N. Craig, daughter of Walter 

and Hannah H., d. July 20. 18G3; ly. 

Sarah J. Craig, daughter of Walter 

and Jaue, d. Dec. 5, 1857; 13y. Im. 

Eleanor Crawford, wife of Thomas, d. 

Nov. 16, 1889; 83y. 11m. 8d. 
Elizabeth Crawford, wife of John, b. 

Dec. 2, 1827; d. Aug. 11, 1877. 
Eizabeth J. Crawford, daughter of T. 

and E., d. March 27, 1864; 21y. 8m. 

Hattie R. Crawford, daughter of J. 

and E., b. Mav 16. 1860; d. March 

12. 1878. 
Thomas Crawford, d. Sep. 23, 1893; 

88v. 9m. 20d. 
William Croskey, d. July 3, 1872; 79y. 
Rebecca Crundev, wife of John, d. 

June 30, 1870; 4Sy. 4m. 27d. 
David Cummins, b. March 9, 1822; d. 

July 12. 1894. 
Bessie C. Cunningham, daughter of 

David and Laura, b. May 8, 1873; d. 

Feb. 17, 1885. 
John Cunningham, son of David and 

Mary Mcliaughlin Cunningham, b. 

Oct. 29, 1808; d. Aug. 18, 1870. 
Nancy ShariJ Cunulnirham, wife of 

John, d. Oct. 10, 1S75; (i.5y. 
William S. Cunningham, son of David 

and Laura, d. Aug. 4. 1865; 9m. 12d. 
Anne Curtis, wife of Alexander, b. 

April 11, 1831; d. July 9, 1875. 
Henry G. Dallas, b. May 2L 1835; d. 

March 22, 1875. 
Elizabeth I)av( nport. wife of Jolm S., 

d. Dec. 18, ISSii. 
John S. Davenport, a native of Stock- 




port, EnglauJ; d. Nov. 23, 1870; 59y. 

10m. Sd. 
Elizabeth Daviilsun, AA-ife of Robert, d. 

Nov. 2(), IS.l.j; 74y. 
Robert David.sou, d. Dee. 20, 1805; S8y. 

10m. 24d. 
Henry S. Davis, sou of Heury and 

Eliza, d. Nov. (i, 1801; 3y. 3m. lOd. 
Martha E. Denny, wife of Henry AV., 

d. Feb. 12, 1882; 24y. 3m. 12d. 
Alfred W. Dent, b. ]March 11, 1823; d. 

Sep. 2, 1880. 
Sarah Dent, wife of Alfred W., b. July 

20. 1817: d. Got. 14, 18G8. 
Maigaret Devine, d. Aug. 26, 18G5; 69y. 
Charles Edward Dewey, b. Dec. 19, 

187.'); d. Aug. 5, 1870. 
Chauneey Dewey, b. March 27, 1796; 

d. Feb. 5, IS'SO. 
Elijihalet C. Dewey, b. Dec. 16, 1823; 

d. Feb. 28, 1889. 
Nancy Prichard Dewey, wife of 

Chauneey, b. Oct. 27, 1804; d. Sep. 

6. 1897. 
Sarah Knox Dewev, wife of E. C, b. 

July 10, 1823: d. .Ian. 15, 1876. 
Anna M. Diekerson, daughter of G. 

M. and L. B., b. March 21, 1882; d. 

July 8, 1893. 
Catherine Diekerson, b. Feb. 1, 1851; 

d. July 14, 1859. 
Granville M. Diekerson, d. Feb. 1.3, 

1882; 26y. 10m. lOd. 
Maggie E. Diekerson, daughter of Rev. 

S. R. and J. J., b. Nov. 22, 1857; d. 

Nov. 15, 1872. 
George Dowuard, Company C, 12Gth 

Ohio Infantry. 
Catheran Drummond, wife of Rev. J., 

b. Jan. 27, 1805; d. Sep. 2, 1883. 
James Drummond, M. D., D. D., d. 

May 10, 1888; 80y.; was a physician 

10 years, a minisler 52 years. 
Hugh Dunlap, b. Oct. 17, 1822; d. 

March 29, 1894. 
Isaac Eddy, Company B, 126th Ohio 

Rev. Edward Ellison, D. D., d. March 

10, 1883; 53y. Im. 19d. 

Amanda J. Estop, Avife of Josiah, b. 

Sep. 23, 1S37; d. March 2.3, 1S!)8. 
Clara Estep, b. May 26, 1862; d. Aug. 

11, 1863. 

Emma F. Estep, b. Oct. 22, 1879; d. 

July 21, 1880. 
Josiah M. Estep, b. Feb. 19, 1826; d. 

May 5, 1888. 
Hannah Farr, daughter of J. and R., 

d. May 26, 1878; lOy. 11m. 21d. 
Rachel Farr, wife of John H.; d. Nov. 

:H), 1873; 3.5y. 8m. 12d. 
Charles Ferguson, son of S. and H. 

J., b. March 17. 1856; d. Feb. 21. 18^0. 
EdAvin G. Ferguson, son of S. and li. 

J., b. Feb. 1, 1852; d. June 9, 1852. 
Lucy Mav Ferguson, daughter of S. 

and H. J., b. Dec. 31, 1848; d. Aug. 

26, 1S53. 
H. J. Ferguson, wife of Samuel, b. 

April 4, 1819; d. Oct. 26, 1890. 
Robert Ferguson, d. Feb. 25, 1852; 70y. 
Samuel Ferguson, b. Sep. 6, 1823; d. 

Oct. 29, 1895. 
Turner Ferguson, son of S. and H. J., 

b. May IS, 1854; d. Oct. 5. 1861. 
Margaret Finney, Avife of R. T., d. 

Jan. 23, 1865; Sly. 
Robert Finnical, b. April 4, 1818; d. 

Dec. 22, 189(). 
John Fogle, Sergeant Company B, 

30th Ohio Infantry. 
H. G. Forker, b. Nov. 19, 1S3S; d. Jan. 

25, 1896. 
]\[aiT Forker, d. July 8, 1865; 73y. 
Elias Foust, b. Sep., 1826; d. April 5, 

1873: 46y. 6m. 9(1. 
William E. Fulton, son of J. C. and 

S. C, d. Feb. 25. 1882; 17y. 10m. 

Reef^e Furbay, b. June 20, 1847; d. Nov. 

47y. 8m. 26d.: a member of Com- 
panies Y and H, 170th O. V. I. 
John W. P. Gallagher, d. Aug. 10, 1892; 

47y. 8ni. 26d.: a member of Com- 
panies y and II, 170tli O. V. I. 
Joseph Gambs, d. July 1, 1S84; 5Sy. 

3m. 5d. 
Millie E. Gambs, daughter of J. and 

L. T., d. Oct. 25, 1876; 9y. 7m. 23d. 
Anna L. Garvin, wife of J. M.. b. 

March 6, 1846: d. :May 21, 1889. 
Helen ]M. Garvin, daughter of J. M. 

and A. L., b. Feb. 10, 1872; d. April 

10, 1872. 
John M. Garvin, b. May 16, 1845; d. 

July 4. 1897. 
Albert Georire. killed at the Battle of 

Antietam, Sep. 17, 1802; 21y. 



Harry George, son of Thomas and 
Mira, d. June 8, 18G2; 8y. 3m. 8d. 

Turner George, b. . Dec. 27, 1SG2; d. 
Aug. 11, 1SG3. 

Albert J. Gillespie, d. July 15, 1853; 

Cornelia Gillespie, wife of J. W., b. 

Nov. 27, 1823; d. May 7, 1878. 
James F. Gillespie, d. May 4, 1852; 


John W. Gillespie, b. 1819; d. 1885. 
Nettie Gillespie, d. July 6, 1853; 2y. 
Wayne Gillespie, b. Nov. 11, 1858; d. 

June 7, 1895. 
Bell Glandon, niece of John and 

Martha Caruahan, d. July 6, 1SG3; 

13y. 10m. 13d. 
Jane Glenn, d. Nov. 5. 1886; 82y. 
John Q. Glover, d. May 5, 1890; 3Sy. 
Willie J. Glover, sou of J. C. and G. 

J., d. Aug. 24, 1878; 9y. 10m. 7d. 
Amanda Gray, b. Jan. 2, 1840; d. Nov. 

4, 1877. 
Benoui Gray, d. Nov. 26, 18G5; 46y. 

3m. 16d. 
Emma Gray, b. Aug. 23, 1854; d. Jan. 

27, 1870. 
John Milton Gray, b. May 20, 1849; d. 

Jan. 10, 1893. 
Johathan Gray, b. Jan. 27, 1807; d. 

July 14, 1873. 
Lizzie Gray, b. Aug. 3, 1843; d. Dee. 

25 1881 
Maggie P. Gray, b. Nov. 2, 1841; d. 

March 27, 1880. 
JIaria Gray, wife of Jonathan, b. Jan. 

13. 1813; d. Aug. 25, 1875. 
INIary E. Gray, b. Sep. 7, 1847; d. April 

17, 1881. 
Mattie J. Gray, b. Sep. 5, 1857; d. Aug. 

15 18S1 
Samuel 't! Gray, b. May 25. 1838; kill- 
ed at the battle of Bentonville, John- 
son Co.. N. C, March 19. 18G5; was 

a member of Co. C. 98th O. V. I. 
^larv Green, wife of Allen, d. April 8, 

I8G2; GGy. 
Eliza A.Grimes, daughter of T. D. and 

E., d. Nov. 28, ISGi; 15y. 6m. 3d. 
Jesse C. Grimes, son of L. B. and M. 

H., b. Nov. 28, 3880; d. Sept. 20, 1884. 
T. D. Grimes, d. Jan. 8, 18G1; 45y. 11m. 

William Grimes, Jr., son of W. and R. 

d. April 30, 1850; 28y. 
Jeunette Grove, wife of Francis, d. 

March 24, 1873; 84y. 
-Joseph Gutshall, b. Feb. 27, 1810; d. 

Dec. 3. 1880. 
INIalissa Gutshall. b. Sep. 5, 1842; d. . 

Nov. 22, 1879. 
'Mary Gutshall. wife of Joseph, b. Nov. 

8, 1817; d. March 8, 1S84. 

Samuel Gutshall, b. Sep. 11, 18.39; d. 

Feb. 2, 18S0. 
Craig Hamilton, b. April IG, 1825; d. 

Oct., 1880. 
Dr. David Hamilton, d. Jan. 23, 1872; 

61y. 6m. 21d. 
Francis Hamilton, b. Dec. 13, 1815; 

d. Jan. 28, 1887. 
.Tames Hamilton, d. Jan. 20, 1879; 77y. 
Isabella Hamilton, wife of Levi, d. 

Feb. 2,5, 1889; 82y. 
Levi Hamilton, d. April 6. 1881; 76y. 
Matilda Hamilton, wife of Francis, b. 

Aug. 24. 1813; d. March 5. 1888. 
Sadie R. Hamilton, daughter of W. 

and M., d. Oct. 25, 1868; IGy. 19d. 
William Hamilton, d. June 16, 1875; 

William Hamilton, b. Sep. 29, 1818; d. 

Nov. 14, 1892. 
William B. Hamilton, son of W. and 

E.. b. Oct. 29, 18G5; d. Nov. 15, 18S1. 
Alexander Hanna, d. April 9, 1863; 

33y. Im. 13d. 
Anna M. Hnnna, wife of William, d. 

Rep. 15, 18S5: 72y. 
Jane Cowden Haima, wife of Thomas, 

d. April 9. 1839; 79y. 
J. J. Hanna, b. Oct. 7, 1839; d. Aug. 

31. 1890. 
Maruaret A. Hanna, wife of John A., 

d. March 27, 1871; 34v. 7m. 4a. 
Mary H. Hanna, d. Aug. 17, 1SG4; 27y. 

Im. 9d. 
Thomas Hanna, son of Thomas and 

Elizabeth Henderson Hanna, d. April 

9, 1839; 79y. 

William Hanna, d. July 22, 1885; 80y. 
William F. Hanna. son of A. F. and 

S.. d. Aug. 1. 1SG4; 18y. 4m. 8d. 
Elizal eth Handy, wife of J. B., d. Aug. 

27, 1867; 32y. 5m. 9d. 
J. B. Handy, b. Sep. 15, 1853; d. July 

30. 1880. 
Mary M. Handy, daughter of John and 



Elizabeth, d. Sep. 9, I8G0; 5y. Im. 
Miiry T. Handy, d. May 23, 1875; 9y. 

George Harper, drowned near I.ees- 

burir, .Time 27, ISCil; 16y. 7m. 23d. 
Ruth 10. IIari)or, d. April 20, 1875; 31y. 

'.)m. Id. 
Hanuali Harrison, d. May 30, 1890; 

Hezekiah Harrison, d. June 3, 1877; 

John Harrison, d. Sep. 25, 1878; 78y. 
Lvdia Harrison, wife of Hezekiah, d. 

May 28, 1SG9; 55y. 
Harris Hatton, Company I, 13th O. 

V. I. 
Marsaret Hatton, b. June 10, 1878; d. 

March 31, 1S8.5. 
inchard Hatton, d. Nov. 7, 18G9; 61y. 

Sm. 2d. 
Alexander Haverfield, d. Jan. 24, 1875; 

Harriet Haverfield, b. Feb. 8, 1798; 

d. March 19, 1884. 
.L N. Haverfield, b. Sep. 22, 1809; d. 

May 9, 1873. 
.Timmie Haverfield, son of J. N. and 

J., d. Dec. 12, 1887; Sy. 
John N. Haverfield, b. May 17, 1820; 

d. April 10, 1894. 
Mattie E. Haverfield, dau.chter of N. 

T. and I., b. Aug. 18, 1879; d. July 

14. isr-2. 
Nancv Haverfield, wife of .T. N., b. 

.Tan". 20, 1817; d. March 24, 1895. 
Nathan Haverfield, b. Oct. 25, 179G; d. 

Jan. 2G, 1875. 
Ora Bell Haverfield, daughter of N. T. 

and I., b. March 1, 1884; d. Dec. 1, 

S. r. Haverfield, d. Dec. 28, 1885; 49y. 
I'rances J. Havner, daughter of Joseph 

and Rebecca, d. April 19, 18G9; 12y. 

Eliza B. Havs, d. July 11, 1879; 37y. 
Clara Hedge, d. Oct. 25, 1864; 3y. 5m. 

Cora Hedge, d. June 13, 18G7; 2y. 11m. 

Ellen M. Hedge, d. Nov. 7, 18G4; 9y. 

Im. 12d. 
Frances Hedge, d. Dec. 9, 1870; 3y. 

4m. 13d. 

John V. Hedges, d. March 20, 1SG8; Cm. 

2: Id. 
Luther Hedties, b. March 2, 1854; d. 

Nov. 19, 189(5. 
Prudence Hedges, wife of Samuel, d. 

Jan. 15. 1850; ^i'>i . 25d. 
Rachel Hedges, d. Jan. 28, 1 97; 79y. 

3m. 18d. 
Samuel Hedges, Si., d. Dec. 17, 18G5; 

81 y. 11m. 21d. 
Samuel Hedges, Jr., b. Jan. 20, 1825; 

d. May 29, ISSG. 
William D. Hedge, d. June 4, 18G7; 

54v. 5m. 22d. 
Alexander Henderson, d. Oct. 24, 1842; 

Hannah Henderson, wife of Alex- 
ander, d. Sep. 2, 1875; 85y. 
Ruth J. Herri man, b. Aug. 22, 1852; 

d. April 9, 18S0. 
William C. Ilesford, b. Sep. 9, 1858; 

d. Dec. 27, 1881. 
Margaret I:Tighlands, d. Nov. 22, 187G; 

3(5v. 3m. 9d. 
David Hilbert, d. Feb. 23, 18G3; 53y. 

7m. 5d. 
Eli Hill, b. April 12, 1815; d. Dec. 7. 

T. B. Hill, Company I, G9th Ohio In- 
Lorella Hillicas, wife of David C, d. 

April 28, 1872; 2i)y. 3m. 7d. 
Nancy T. Lacy llilligas, wife of T. 

N., d. June 14, 1870; GOy. 
Samuel Hilligas, d. Dec. 12, 1803; 21y. 

11m. 9d.; Avas a member of Company 

C, 98th O. V. I. 
Tunice Hilligas, d. April 22, 1885; 85y. 
Ivate Drummond Hinton, wife of J. 

M., d. Sep. 3, 1882; 29y. 2m. 
Margaret Hitchcock, wife of Samuel, 

d. IMarch 12, 1SG2; 51y. 11m. 2Gd. 
Samuel Hitchcock, b. Aug. 18, 1819; d. 

Feb. 3, 1879. 
John M. Hoffman, d. April 26, 1880; 

80y. 4m. 3d. 
Sarah Hoffman, wife of John M., d. 

Dec. 2G, 187G; 75y. 5m. 
Alliert Holbrook, d. Feb. 3, 1882; Sly. 
Esther Holland, wife of John, d. April 

13, 1889; GSy. Gm. 21 d. 
David L. Husriies, b. in Berks County, 

Pa., April 21, 18-27; d. March 26, 1891. 
IMary Hughes, wife of David L., b. 



Dec. 25, 1825; d. July 31, 1886. 
Jnne Hnmi>l)rovs, wife of William, d. 

March 1, ISl.'i. 
William Humphreys, b. Jnne 24, 1812; 

d. Aug. 24, 1884. 
Joseph R. Ilnntpr, son of James and 

Nancy Sloan Hunter, b. in West- 
moreland county, I*a., May, 1804; d. 

April 4, 188(>. 
Letitia McFadden Hunter, wife of 

Joseph R.. d. April 13, 18S3; Tly. 
Mary Hunter, d. Jan. 30, 1858; 17y. 

Marv B. Hunter, dauchter- of J. W. 

and A. M., d. Feb. 28, 1S8G; 5y. 

Joseph Hurford, b. Oct. 5, 1809; d. 

July 7, 1807. 
Laura L. Hurford, b. April 2, 1847; d. 

Dec. 23, 1857. 
Rebecca A. Hurford, b. Jan. 31, 1824; 

d. IMay 15, 1875. 
William E. Hurford, b. Jan. 27, 1857; 

d. Oct. 28, 1805. 
Samuel .Jackson, d. April G, 1802; 76y. 
A?:nes Jamison, b. April 16, 183G; d. 

Aug. 21, 1891. 
Andrew Jamison, d. Nov. 3, 18S5; 61y. 
Anna M. Jamison, daut;hter of J. and 

C, d. Auc. 0, 1S(;3: 1y. 10m. 5d. 
Barklav .Tamison, d. Oct. 23, 18r,9; 74y. 
Joseph Jamison, d. Oct. 23, 1872; 4fiv. 
Margaret Jam'son, b. , 1830; d. 

May 13, 1875. 

M. Belle Jamison, d. , 18—; 20y. Gm. 

IMary Jamison, wife of Andrew, d. 

Jan. 8, 18(17; 7Sy. 
Walter Jamison, d. July 2, 1883; 82y. 
Walter C. Jamison, son of Andrew, d. 
' March 2, 18G1: 3y. 2m. 15d. 
Eliza II. Johnson, daughter of J. R. 

and I., d. Jan. 3, 1874; 2Gy. 
Hannah Johnson, d. Sep. 1, 1S82; 53y. 

4m. 18d. 
Isabel .Johnson, wife of J. R., d. June 

25, 1883; G7y. 
Joseph R. Johnson, b. Feb. 20, 1814; 

d. Sep. 23, 1888. 
Laura Belle Johnson, daughter of E. 

H. and I., d. Jan. 3, 1874; 3y. 
Margaret J. Johrson, daughter of New- 
ton and Laura, d. !5ep. 8, 1891; ly. 

Mary Belle Johnson, daughter of J. 

R. and I., d. .Tan. 19, 1882; 24y. 
Robert E. Jones, snn of R. J. and S. 

J., d. Sep. 29, 1881; 14y. 11m. 18d. 
John II. Jumps, b. June 22, 1S3G; d. 

April 10, 1895; nsemher of Co. G, 

98th O. V. I. 
Susannah Jumps. w;fe of J. IL, b. Doc. 

2.5, 18:3.5. 
Anna G. Kennedy, daughter of Martin \/ 

and Martha M.", d. Nov. 12, 187G; ly. 

5m. 28d. 
Frances Isabella Kennedy, daughter of v 

M. and M. M., d. Oct. 15, 1872; 12y. 

lOni. 2d. 
Martlia McKee Kennedy, Avife of ]\Iar- ■, 

tin, d. July 3,1882; 42y. 7m. 19d. 
^Margaret Kent, wife of Alisalom, b. 

Oct. 14, 1815; d. March 28, 1892. 
Susan Kent, wife of S. H., d. March 

25, 1S8G; 2Sy. 
Dayid Kerr, son of Rey. James and 

Margaret, d. March 1, 1849; 5m. lOd. 
Ellen Kerr, b. Noy. 21, 1831; d. July 8, 

Rey. .Tames Kerr, a native of Scotland, 

pastor of Presbyterian Church, Ca- 
diz: d. April 9, 1855; 42y. 
James Kerr, b. April 19, 1818; d. Jan. 

21, ISSO. 
Joseph S. Kerr, son of Rev. James and 

INIarsraret, d. May 29, 18G4; 7m. 
Julia C. Kerr, b. Jan. 1, 1825; d. May 

24, 1891. 
M. C. Kerr, daughter of .John S. and 

Ora E., d. Feb. 1, 1871: Im. 
^largaret INIcWhirter Kerr, wife of 

Rev. James, a native of Scotland, b. 

181G: d. Nov. 1, 1890. 
Mary Kerr, daughter of Rev. .Ta'.nes 

and M., d. IMay 25, 1842; 2y. 10m. 
Sarah Kerr, wife of J. C, d. Sep. 5, 

18G3; 42y. 
Laura Kilbreath, wife of .T. C, b. 

March 4, 1854; d. July 28, 1893. 
Sarah J. Kinsev, wife of K. W., d. 

Feb. 7, 1SG4: 35y. 10m. 5d. 
Sarah A. Knox, wife of James, and 

daughter of William and Jane 

Arnold, d. April 11, 18G9; 34y. 
Jane Kvle, wife of Thomas, d. Oct. 

4, 1884: 78y. 
Kate J. Kyle, daughter of Thomas and 

Jane, d. Dec. 12, ISGG; 24y. 
Mary Lacey, wife of J. M., d. April 



in, 1S33; 4Gy. 
Elijah I.uizure, b. July 20, ISll; d. 

Feb. 9, 18SS. 
Eliza M. LaizuvG, wife of Elijah, b. 

Sep. 21, 1S17: d. IMay 9, 1S87. 
James A. Laizure, sou of Elijah and 

Eliza, b. June 23, 1S3U; Quarter- 
master 13th O. V. I.; d. at I'arkers- 

burs, Ya., Oct. IS, 1801. 
Alice R. Lau-hlin, d. Feb. 22, 1899; 

48y. Sm. Id. 
Elizabetli Laughlin, daughter of R. 

aud K., d. Jan. 6, 1873; 39y. Im. 
Rachel Laughlin, d. May 2, 1895; 72y. 
Jacob liemmon, d. May 24, 1874; 84y. 

Gm. 5d. 
Rebecca Lemmon, d, Aug. 19, 1872; 

58y. 3m. 19d. 
Catherine M. Lewis, b. Dec. 31, 1815; 

d. March 4, 1886. 
Charity Lewis, d. Nov. 9, 1SG6; 84y. 

5m. 2d. 
Elisha S. Lewis, d. Aug. 17, 18G2; 40y. 

Jane Lewis, wife of Joseph, d. April 

29, 1883; 73y. 
Rachel C. B. Lewis, daughter of E. and 

C, d. Aug. 8, 1SG8; ly. Gm. 7d. 
Sarah Lewis, wife of Jacob, Sr., b. 

Nov. 2, 1802; d. MarcTi 1, 1884. 
Anna Bell Lewton, d. Dec. 22, 1833; 

2y. 3m. 
John A. Lewton, d. Oct. IG, ISGl; 7y. 

Gm. 22d. 
Eliza Ann Lisle, wife of John, b. Sep. 

2, 1811; d. March 20. 1889. 
John Lisle, b. Dec. 5, 1803; d. Oct. 3, 

John A. Lisle, b. May 17, 1837; d. Aug. 

G, 1890. 
Mary P. Lisle, wife of Hamilton, d. 

March 29, 1875; 24y. 3m. 20d. 
Rachel liisle, wife of William, b. Jan. 

14, 1852; d. June 24, 1889. 
John Loofliorrow, d. March 15, 1872; 

38y. Gm. 21d. 
Lea Roy Loofborrow, son of J. S. and 

E., d. April 21, 1872; 13v. 9m. 2Gd. 
James C. Love, d. July 12, 187G; G2y. 

5m. 3d. 
James H. Lynch, son of E. and P., d. 

.Ian. 23, 18G1; 3m. lOd. 
Ann B. I^yons, second wife of Robert, 

b. Aug. 31, 1799; d. Aug. 8, 1884. 

Ann Eliza Lvonr.. daughter of Robert 

and Ann W., b, May 5. 1843; d. April 

23, 1844. 
Anna W. Lvons, first wife of Robert, 

b. April 18, 1810; d. May 1(5, 1844. 
Nancev Lyons, daughter of Robert and 

Ann W., b. Feb. 27, 1835, d. Oct. 9, 

Robert Lvons, b. Dec. 14, 1803; d. Aug. 

17, 1887. 
Sallie G. Lyons, wife of J. B., b. April 

4, 1838; d. April 21, 1871. 
Hannah Jane McAdoo, second wife of 

William, d. March 19, 1^83; 40y. 3m. 

Martha McAdoo, first wife of William, 

d. Feb. G, 1SG4; 45v. 8m. 21d. 
Georgia Scott McBean, b. 1849; d. 1873. 
Henry McBean, b. July 5, 1848; d. Aug. 

2, 1875. 
Dr. John INIcBean. b. Oct. 22, 1797; d. 

.Lin. 7, 1875. 
William McBean, b. 1833; d. 1884. 
Thomas J. McBride, d. June 15, 1S77; 

J. E. McCarty. [No dates]. 
R. J. McCarty. [No dates]. 
Samuel L. McClelland, b. Jan. 29, 1831; 

d. July 19, 1894. 
John McCullough, d. May 22, 1868; 

70y. 6m. lid. 
Mary McCullough, wife of Robert, d. 

Dec. 8, 18G8; 72v. 
Robert McCullough, d. Aug. 15, 1868; 

Mary Quest McConnell, wife of John, 

A., b. in Hummelstown, I'a., April 5, 

1822; d. in Charlestown, 111., March 

14 1883 
Michael McConnell, b. July 19, 1801; 

d. Julv 17, 1872. 
Samuel McCormick, b. Feb. 8, 1793; 

d. Feb. .3, 1875. 
Harriett C. McCoy, b. May 28, 1820; 

d. Feb. 12, 1898. 
Matthew McCoy, b. April 4, 1815; d. 

March 27, 1SS9. 
William H. McCoy, b. Aug. 22, 1832; 

d. Sep. 27, 1881. 
IMartha McCrea, d. Jan. 14, 1885; 93y. 

9m. 20d. 
Rev. J. S. IMcCready, d. Sep. 7, 1864; 

39y.; was captain of Company H, 

12Gth O. V. I., aud died from wounds 


received at the Battle of the Wilder- 
Charles P. McFadden, son of H. S. 

and F. J., b. Oct. 20, 1843; d. Oct. 7, 

Elizabeth McFadden, wife of Nathan- 
iel, d. Aiic:. 18, 1SS5: Ouv. 
11. S. McFadden, d. July 4, 1888; 75y. 
J. L. McFadden, b. July Hj, 1851; d. 

Nov. 18, 1887. 
James McFadden, b. Jan. 5, 1805; d. 

June 15, 1874. 
Jennie McFadden, d. July 17, 1873; 

57y. 9m. 22d. 
John McFadden, b. Oct. 10, 1810; d. 

July 4, ISSl. 
John D. McFadden, b. June 20, 1842; 

d. Nov. 20, ISGG. 
Lydia McFadden, wife of Samuel, d. 

March 22, 1866; 83y. 
]Mary A. McFadden, b. Nov. 19, 1808. 
Mary McFadden, b. June 24, 1838; d. 

June 4, 1881. 
Mary McFadden, wife of Samuel, 

daughter of J. M. and A. Richey; b. 

July 7, 1835; d. Feb. 24, 1872. ' 
Nathaniel McFadden, d. Nov. 14, 1892; 

Samuol McFadden, a native of Ireland, 

d. April 10, 1S61; 80y. 
Samuel L. McFadden, d. April L 18G3; 

Ross Leslie McFadden, son of William 

A. and E. L., d. Nov. 20, 1876; Gy. 

8m. 8d. 
Winfield ■McFadden, son of William 

and Elizabeth, d. March 6, 1861; 9y. 

2m. 22d. 
James McKee, d. May G, 1887; 76y. 
James McKee, d. Nov. 19, 1882; ly. 

John McKee, Company C, 98th O. V. 

I.; d. Sept. 11. 1864; 2.3y. 2m. 14d. 
Rebecca E. McKee, b. Dec. 1, 1855; d. 

Jan. 3, 1892. 
Robert McKee, d. June 15, 1880; G4y. 

Jessie M. McMath, daui^hter of Jesse 

H. and Kate L., d. April 22, 1862; 

3y. 8m. 19d. 
Margaret Jane McMath, daughter of 

J. and E. A., d. .Tan. 9, 1854; Im. 19d. 
Margaret McMillan, d. March 16, 1890; 

Arthur P. McNutt, d. Dec. 15, 1895; 

George W. McPherson, d. Jan. 10, 

1880; 68y. 10m. 23a. 
David McWhirter, b. in Scotland, 1788; 

d. in C'adiz, Stp. 18, 1873; S6y. 
Jeunette McWhiiter, b. in Scotland in 

1818; d. in Pittsburg, June 8, 1825; 

John McWhirter, b. in 1824; d. Nov., 

1827; 3y. 
IMary McWhirter, wife of David, b. 

in Scotland in 1787; d. in Cadiz, Jan., 

1860; 74y. 
Alexander A. Manner, lost on the 

Steamboat Sultanna, April 27, 1865; 

25y. 7m. 2Sd. 
Joseph G. Manner, d. Aug. 4, 1870; 33y. 

E. A. Marsh, Company G, 98th Ohio 

Edward Martin, son of John and 

IMary, d. Oct. 18, 1879; lly. 2m. 26d. 
Harriet Martin, wife of J. H. [No 

John Martin, d. April 17, 1872; Sly. 

Maria Martin, wife of John, a native 

of Ireland, d. Nov. 21, 18G4; 50y. 
Samuel Martin, d. Feb. 5, 1873; 73y. 
Sarah Ann IMartin, wife of John, d. 

May 2, 1870; 49y. 3m. 
Susanna Martin, wife of Samuel, d. 

Auc. 26, 1884: 84v. 
Euphema H. Maxwell, d. Feb. 3, 18G6; 

Agnes Mealy, d. Nov. 22, 1896; 93y. 

Im. 4d. 
Willie Mealy, son of F. K. and H., 

d. Dec. 3, 1876; 3v. 5m. 4d. 
James IMeans, d. Nov. 3, 1871; 73y. 

10m. 12d. 
Elizabeth Megaw, wife of James, d. 

April 1, 1883; 69y. 
Jane Megaw, wife of Samuel, d. July 

2, 1885; 7Gy. 
Samuel Megaw, d. May. 10, 1881: 7Sy. 
Sarah Jane Megaw, b. May 14, 1824; 

d. April 16, 1897. 
Harrv Mercer, son cf G. W., b. May 

1, 1S73; d. Feb. 11, 1887. 
Sadie H. Millekin, daughter of John 

and Marv H.. d. Auril 27. 1892: 12.v. 



Mary A. Miller, wife of Obadiah. [No 

Oliadiali :Miller. [No dates]. 
Sarah Miller, d. March 2, 1870; 72y. 
James Mitchell, a native of Ireland, d. 

Oct. 17, isr.ri: sir. 7m. 13d. 
James T. INIitchell, son of Joseph and 

Susan, d. Nov. 12, 1878; 27y. 13d. 
Joseph Mitchell, son of J. and S., d. 

Dec. 2.5, 1875: 18y. 7m. 23d. 
Mary Mitchell, danirhter of J. and M., 

d. July 4, 18(10; ,52V. 6m. 22d. 
Tliomas S. Mitchell, b. May 2, 181G; 

d. June n, 1888. 
^^•i!liam Mitchell, d. April 24. ISSO; 

r.Sy. 6m. 17d. 
Edward Fulton Moffett, b. June 3, 

1831; d. .Tan. 25. 1870. 
Mary IMoffelt, wife of E. F., b. March 

6, 1836; d. April 7, 1SC9. 
Annie E. INIoore, wife of I. C, and 

daughter of D. B. and Martha Lyons 

Welch, b. Jan. 15. 1857; d. Feb. 16. 

David Moore, b. March 8. 1817; d. 

March 24, 1870; 53y. 16d. 
Jane Moore, wife of David, b. Sep. 26. 

1818; d. June 23, 1879. 
John Moore, b. July 27, 1813; d. Feb. 

2, 1SS3. 

Marauda P. Moore, wife of D. B., d. 

July 8, 1887; 46y. 
Myra L. Moore, dausrhter of D. B. and 

M. P., d. Feb. 18, 1867; 19d. 
Sarah INIoore, wife of William, b. in 

New Jersey, Jan. 12, 1783; came to 

Ohio in April, 1808; d. March 16, 

1863; 80y. 2m. 4d. 
Sarah J. IMoore, wife of John, b. July 

3, 1827: d. June 14. 1874. 

Samuel Moorehead. d. Sep. 24, 1879; 

8.3y. 8m. 16d. 
J. W. Morgan, Company A, 6Gth Oh!o 

John P. Moi-gan, son of J. W. and 

Hannah, d. Aug. 12, 1872; 4ra. Id. 
Alice Neville, b. Nov. 1, 1880; d. July 

20, 1884. 
Margaret Niblick, wife of John. d. 

Sep. 14, 1892: 50y. 4 m. 8d. 
James K. Nicliolas, d. April 5, 1888; 

27y. 8m. 20d. 
Jolm A. Nicholas, d, March 3, 1885; 

25y. 5m. 


John A. Norris, IMaior of the 9Sth O. 

V. I., d. .Tan. 19, 1877; 41y. 
Nancy Orr, b. July 8. 1810; d. Sep. 28, 

Alexander Osbnrn. b. May 17, 1838; 

d. July 25, 1875. 
Mary A. Oglevee Osborn, wife of S. A., 

d. July 21, 1874; 37y. 2m. 4d. 
Mary Louise Osborn, daughter of J. 

J. and C. M., b. March 14, 1887; d. 

May 30, 1890. 
Samuel A. Osborn, d. July 19, 1872, 

32y. 9m. 25d. 
Benjamin Parrish, d. March 6, 1865; 

85y. 27d. 
Charles Parish, d. Jan. 12, 1863; 4Sy. 

11m. 28d. 
Mary Patterson, d. May 21, 1875. 
Amanda E. Peacock, d. Feb. 17, 1899; 

Sly. 9m. 23d. 
Eli Peacock, d. Feb. 6, 1886; 79y. 4m. 

Sarah Peacock, wife of Eli, d. Jan. 8, 

1860: 61y. 
John Penn, Company G, 98th Ohio 

Eliza Phillips, wife of .John, and 

daughter of Samuel and Elizalteth 

Buchanan Oilnioro, b. Feb. 2, 1807; 

d. .Tan. 4, 1873. 
Elizabeth Willi ims Phillips, wife of 

Thomas, b. in Cecil County, Md.. 

July 11, 1792: d. May 22, 1867. 
John Phillips, son of William and 

Rachel I4amilton Phillips, b. in West 

Nottingham township, Chester Coun- 
ty, Pa., June, 1797; d. May 5, 18.59. 
Martha Phillips, daughter of John and 

Eliza, b. Nov. 17, 1832; d. Feb. 11, 

Rachel Phillips, daughter of Thomas 

and Elizabeth, d. Aug. 14, 1853; 34y. 

2m. 6d. 
Rachel Ann Phillips, daughter of John 

and Eliza, b. March 15, 1839; d. Julv 

10, 1863. 
Samuel Phillips, sn of John and Eliza, 

d. May 24, 1860; 23y. 11m. 
Thomas Phillips, son of William and 

Itachel Hamilton Phillips, b. in West 

Nottingham township, Chester coun- 
ty. Pa., 1792; d. Nov. 23, 1871. 
Augustus I'orter, b. Feb. 18, 1822; d. 

March 25, 1893. 



Irwin Portor, Sr., b. 1814; d. 1897. 
James Porter, b. Aug. 29, 1818; d. Sep. 

4, 1808. 

.Tane Porter, d. Dee. 25, 1848; 47y. 9m. 

Joseph E. Porter, son of S. B, and M., 

d. April 19, 1884: 4v. 14d. 
ISltiry Porter, d. Oct. 21, 1884; 79v. 
Itlary Porter, d. July 3U, 1881; G8y. 

(im. 14d. 
Samuel T. Porter, d. April 25, 1897; 

75y. 4m. 22d. 
Elizabeth I'Dul-^on, b. March 15, 1808; 

d. Oct. 6, 1897. 
John Poulsou, b. July 14, 1792; d. Nov. 

5, 1878. 

Samuel Poulson, Company C, G9th 

Ohio Infantry. 
John Prichard, d. June 28, 1814; n9y. 
Sarah Prichard, b. Jan. 7, 1782; d. Sep. 

15. 1877. 
S. Purdy. [No dates]. 
Adam J. Qnisley, b. Sep. 7, 1S2S; d. 

Jan. 18, 18(13. 
John Quiftley, b. Jan. 8, 1795; d. Oct. 

22, 1867. 
Jlary Qnii^lev, wife of John, b. Jan. 

7, 1798; d. March 1, 187(5. 
Ada J. Rea, wife of William P., d. 

April 30, 1875; 19v. 7d. 
Isabell C. Rea, wife of John ,T., b. 

April 20, 1825; d. Oct. 12, 1S79. 
Ann W. Richey, wife of John INT., b. 

April 16, 1817; d. Oct. 30, 1880. 
Elizabeth Richev, wife of Thomas, b. 

Aug. 5, 1826: d. July 29, 1889. 
Harvey W. Richey, son of T. and E., 

b. March 21, 1849; d. July 3, 1888. 
John J\I. Richev, b. Nov. 2, 1808; d. 

Jan. 30, 1897. 
Thomas Richey, b. May 27, 1814; d. 

April 11, 1SS3. 
Craig Robb, son of Joseph and Mary, 

d. Feb. 28, 1865; 7y. 2m. 
James Robb, b. June 2, 1843; d. Mav 

24, 1876. 
James Robb. d. May 24, 1870; 22v. 9d. 
John Robb, b. March 1, 1844; d.'lSSO. 
Mary Robb, b. Dec. 1815; d. April 3. 

Edward F. Roche, son of J. F. and 

C. T., d. Sep. 5, 1881; 22y. 10m. 13d. 
Elbe AVard Roche, daughter of James 

F. and Caroline T., d. April 28, 1866; 

25, 1850; 32y. 

ly. 4m. 26d. 
Samuel Rulan, d. Sep. 1-5, 1874; 73v. 

Alexander T. Sectt, d. Nov. 25, 1865; 

46y. 8m. 14d. 
David M. Scott, d. Sop. 17. 1872; 16 v. 

Eleanor Scott, wife of Alexander T., 

d. Sep. 10, 1894; 68y. 9d. 
John W. Scott, b. in Yorkshire, Eng- 
land. Sep., 1811; d. in Cadiz, Sep., 

1S,S6: 7.5y. 
Emaline Shank, daughter of S. and 

Elizabeth, d. March 

5m. lOd. 
Caroline T. Sharp, d. Dec. 24. 1881; 

43y. 5ra. 14d. 
George Sharp, b. Julv 9, 1795; d. June 

25, 1877. 
John Sharp, d. IMarch 16, 1878; 77y. 
Nancy Sharp, wife of George, b. April 

21, 1807: d. Dec. 13, 1877. 
Edward Sheets, d. Oct. 1, 1892; 28y. 

Fleming Sheets, d. IMarch 25, 1871; 

49y. 6m. 22d. 
Jane Sheets, wife of Robert, d. Oct. 

6. 186S; 68v. 
Robert Sheets, d. Jan. 15, 1865: 65y. 
Elizabeth Sheldon, d. Nov. 27, 1882; 

Stuart B. Shotwell, b. Nov. 1819; d. 

Dec. 3, 1890. 
William J. Shotwell, b. Mav 15, 1863; 

d. Sep. 2, 1865. 
Tames Simeral, d. Sop. 21. 1849; .57y. 
Marv Ann Simeral, wife of James, b. 

June n, 1790; d. April 16, 18()6. 
Robert V. Simeral, b. July 26. 1822; d. 

April 15, 1852. 
Eliza Slemmons, second wife of Sam- 
uel, b. Feb. 22, 1829; d. Feb. 25, 1879. 
ISIarv .Tane Slemmons, daughter of S. 

and S., d. April 7, 1838: 6y. 7m. 23d. 
Minnie Slemmons. daughter of Obe- 

diah. b. 1862; d. 1879; 17y. 
Samuel Slemmons, d. July 26, 1867; 

Susanna Slemmons, first wife of Sam- 
uel, d. Oct. 22, 1851; 41y. 
Belle S. Smvley, wife of John, b. April 

18, 1864: d. July 6, 1883. 
Isabella Smiley, wife of J. V., b. June 

24, 1806; d. Sep. 10, 1876. 



Isabella Smiley, daucliter of T. V. and 

I., b. Deo. 1.",, 1S41; d. May 28, 1876. 
James Y. Smiley, b. Nov. 15, 1805; d. 

Jan. 20, 1S77. 
JMatthew Smyloy, d. Sep. 15, 1SS7; 54y. 

8m. 20d. 
Tarl Speclit, d. Sep. 19, 1892; 27y. 
Susan D. Stoops, b. May 15, 1803; d. 

:sray 8, lS!t7. 
Tilarv Stubbins, wife of Mordecai; b. 

Oct. 15. 1805: d. Nov. 20, 18^0. 
Mordecai Stubbing, b. Jan. 3, 1812; d. 

Oct. 9, 1893. 
Thomas .T. Swan, b. July 1, 1823; d. 

Aug. 17, 1882. 
r>avid Thompson, d. May 2, 1869: 

95y. 2m. Id. 
Elizabeth Thompson, wife of Samuel. 

d. Aus. 29, 1873: 87y. 9m. 15d. 
Elizabeth Thompson, wife of James. 

d. April 17, 18S0: SOy. 
J. H. Thompson. [No dates]. 
James Thompson, d. July 11, 1896; 

Josie B. Timmons, b. Nov. 24, 1850; d. 

June 4, 1874. 
Samuel Thompson, d. June 6, 1886; 

84y. 7m. 
Mnrtha Thompson, wife of David, d. 

March 10, 1844; 62v. 3m. 2d. 
B. C. Turner. 13th O. V. I., d. at Bow- 
ling Green, Ky., March 16, 1862. 
Sarah Yanfossan. wife of D. D., d. 

Nov. 9, 1889: 36y. 
Mai'iraret A'a«binder, wife of Jacob, d. 

Feb. 2, 1873: 90v. 
William Yoshall, b. July 21, 1840: d. 

.Tan. 7, 1879. 
Ephraim Walker, d. April 29, 18—; 63y. 

4m. 6d. 
John Walker, d. March 23, 1865; 33y. 

4m. 6d. 
Butler J. Ward, son of W. G. and E., 

d. AuET. 15, 1808; 9y. 3m. 26d. 
Eleanor Ward, wife of John, b. Oct. 

31, 1800; d. Sep. 26, 1873; 72v. 10m. 

Jolm Ward, b. Oct. 24. 1798: d. April 

12, 1809: 70v. 5m. 20d. 
Charles Warfel, b. Oct. 18, 1807; d. 

Feb. 3, 1871. 
Marv Jane Watkinson. wife of Ben- 
jamin, d. ^ifay 24, 1865; 33y. 2m. 28d. 
Etta Kerr Watson, wife of T. S., b. 

March 22, 1863; d. April 17, 1802. 
Sylvester Waters, suu of Robert T. 

and Anna R., d. Sep. 20, 1867; 2y. 

4m. 24d. 
Martha G. Weir, b. July 23. 1823; d. 

Sep. 19, 1880. 
Eliza Welch, tirst wife of Reziu, b. 

Dec. 4, 1801; d. Aug. 6, 1842. 
John Welch, b. Nov. 20, 180S; d. Nov. 

10. 1881 
Maria B. Welch, second wife of Rezin, 

b. Sep. 12, 1807; d. Aug. 19, 18-0. 
Rezin Welch, b. April 28, 1795; d. Nov. 

24, 1881. 
Rezin Welch, Jr., son of D. B. and 

Martha, b. at Cadiz, Ohio, Sep. 

27, 1867; d. at Lincoln, Neb., Dec. 6, 

Jacob Werner, Company C. 74th Ohio 

Albert West, son of J. and J., d. Sep. 

1, 1873; 19y. 2m. 4d. 
Comfort West, wife of Jonathan, d. 

March 15, 1857; 65y. 8m. 26d. 
Jonathan West, Sr., d. Nov. 27, 1862; 

75v. 2m. 13d. 
Jonathan West, Jr., d. Sep. 11, 1861; 

45v. 7m. 13d. 
Samuel W^est, d. April 4, 1871; 56y. 

11m. 6d. 
Sarah West, b. July 28, 1S3S; d. June 

20, 1861; 28v. Im. 
Eliza Wilkin, wife of Robert, d. Sep. 

27, 1863; 33y. 
Mary Williams, b. May 24, 1853; d. 

Jan. 15, 1861. 
Dr. J. D. Wortman, b. June 8, 1824; 

d. Dec. 28, 1898 
Nancv Wosley, wife of William, d. 

March 22, 1877; 44y. 


To August 27, 1896. 

Elizabeth Abel, wife of G. W., d. Sep. 

22, 1879; 34y. 2d. 
Aaron Allen, d. April 13, 1871; 4Sy. 

2m. 2d. 
Ann Allen, wife of Aaron, d. March 

15, 1873; 50y. 10m. Sd. 
Catharine Allen, wife of Moses, d. 



April no, lS~u 

IMnruMiot A. Kidiloll Alh>n. wife of J. 

:M. Alh>n. d. Voh. 28. 1Sr>i!; 

R(>v. Mosos Allou. (1. .Ian. Hi. 18l»!: (>0y. 

pastor of (^'rabapplo (.ouyio.uation. 
Oscar G. Allon. d. Nov. l», iSSii; 20.v. 
\\illiam Aiulorson. d. Nov. 30. 1821; 

Anna Armor, wife of Samuel, d. Sep. 

21. 1878; 81 y. 
Elizabeth B. Armor, daimhtev of S. 

and A., d. April 10. 1814: 2y. (nl. 
.lames Armor, sou of !?auuiel and Ann; 

d. An.u-. 27. 18;n: 21 y. 22d. 
?klartlia A. Armor, dan.irhter of S. and 

A., d. Oot. 8. 18r>n: 4y. 
Samuel Armor, b. April 10, 1700. d. 

David Armstrousr, b. .Ian. 27. 1838; d. 

Oct. 18. 1870. 
Eliza wife of Warden, d. 

,Tulv 0, 1.88r»; OOy. Om. 15d. 
Georjre Armstrong, d. Oct. 3. 1840: 7r)y. 
(looriie Armstronu'. sou of W. and K.. 

d. May 10. 1858:' lOy. 20d. 
I.ydia Heath Armstronu-. wife of Rev. 

Robert, d. Dee. 3. 187.'): ."v'.y. 
^larv Armstrous:. wife of Oeortre. d. 

Aiig. 27. 180S; 88y. 
Marv Azubali Armstroug, daugliter of 

Rev. R. T. and L. II.. 

^^■arden Armstrong, d. Aug. 31, 1877; 

77v. 7m. 2d. 
Putnam Arnold, d. Dec. 21, 1872; t:Sy. 
Sarah Arnold, d. Oct. 12. 1870; 73y. 
Marion liartholomew. son of Samuel 

and Mary: d. April 21. 1852; 3m. l".d. 
.Tanu'S Ueall. d. Dee. 20. 1834; r»7y. 
.lane Reall. d. Nov. 11, 1883; lOOy. 
?»[ary Reall. b. Dec. S, 1823; d. May 15, 

1 880. 
AVilliam Reall. b. Aug. 23, 1822; d. 

Oct. 4. 18."<i. 
Daviil Reattv. son of S. and M.. d. Sep. 

24. 1814; Rim. 
David R. Beatty, d. Sep. 4. 1825: lOy. 

James Beatty, Sr.. cl. .Tan. 3. 1834: 50y. 
.lames Beatty. .Ir.. son of .lames ami 

.lane. d. .lune 18. 1834: 2tiy. 
Jane Beattv. wife of James, d. Dec. 

16. 1850; 72y. 21d. 
Jesse Beatty. sou of S. aud M., d. Nov. 

5, 1S20; 5y. 

John Beattv. son of J. and J., d. July 

10, 1820; Ov. 
Joseph Beatty, d. March 20, 1831; 20v. 
Margaret Beattv. dangliter of J. aid 

J., d. Oct. 1, 1832; 20y. 
^larv Beatty, wife of Samuel: d. Niiv. 

10. 1828; 48y. 
INIarv Ann Beativ, daughtiM- of J. .-nul 

J.." d. March So. IS.U: i:!y. 
Samuel Beatty. d. Jan. 20. 1820: 40y. 
Thomas Beatty. son of James and 

Jane. d. Dec. .5, 1832: 24y. 

Thomas Beatty, son of S. and INI. 

^^■illiam Beattv. son of J. and J., d. 

Jan. 2. 1S22: 18y. 
William l*e:ittv, sou of Samuel and M., 

d, Jan. 7. 1820: 24y. 
Infant child of John and Margaret 

Ann Bell, wife of .lo^^eph, d. Aug. 29, 

18;;2: 73y. 
John Bell. d. Anc. 5. 1852; 07y. 
Joseph Bell. d. Sep. 2(>, 1843: 8l!y. 
Joseph Bell, b. June 21, 1817; d. Oct. 

23. 1800. 
Slaiuaret l>ell. wife of John. d. March 

21, 1874: 80y. 
Martha Bell, b. Nov. 2, 1834: d. J:;u. 

25, 1887. 
^lary Blackburn, wife of William, d. 

April 20. 18r,7; 77y. 10m. 7d. 
Cliarlie '\^^ Bosrgs, son of S. M. and 

M. P., d. March .3, 1870; 4y. lOd. 
Doche .Taue Boggs, daughter of Wm. 

aud M., 

.Tames Boggs, d. IVIaroh 4. 1820; 20y. 
James Boggs. b. July 25, 1828: d. Feb. 

2;i 1840. 
John Boggs, b. June 28. 1782; d. Dec. 

21, 1848. 
I>aura S. Bogirs. daucrhter of S. iSI., and 

M. P., d. March 20. 1875: 13y. 4m. 

Marv Boggs, daughter of W. aud M.. 

d. Aug. 30, 18J!4; ly. 
Samuel B. Boggs, son of W. aud 

Martha, d. Doc. 16, 1S2S; 7m. 
Samuel M. Boiriis, b. Dec. 0. 1820: d. 

April 30, 1804. 
Sarah Bocrgs, b. Dec. 10, 1787: d. Jan. 

0. 1840. 
Daniel Brewer, d. JIarch 27, 1805: 51 y. 
Sarah Rosalie Brewer, daughter of D. 

aud M., d. Sep. 25, 1805; Om. 19d. 



Infant (lai];,'htcr of Abram and Mary 

Brok.-nv, d. May 12, 1859; 7m. 28d. 
Infant dair^htcr of J. and M. Brokaw; 

d. April 7, 1.S.-7; 14d. 
Abraham lirokaw, d. May 25, 3825; 

Anna B. Brokaw, dargbter of .Tolin M. 

and E., d. Oct. 2G, 1877; 17y. 2m. 

Anna Eliza Brokaw, daughter of J. A. 

and S. J., d. Sep. 12, 1875; ly. Oui. 

21 d. 
Edward L. Brokaw, Fon of J. P. and 

^Nlary, d. Nov. .3, 1875; ly. lid. 
Elizal)eth Brokaw, wife of .John, b. 

Feb. 4, 1824; d. May 15, 1848. 
Elizabeth .7. Brokaw, wife of Ben- 
in in m, b. May 2, 1822; d. Sep. i, 

Elizabeth M. Brokaw, daugliter of 

.John and Eliza, d. Feb. 0, 18(il; 12y. 

Om. Od. 
Ella F. Brokaw, dan^hter of J. A. and 

S. .T., d. Sep. 2?,, 1S82; lOy. 11m. I'JJ. 
Ellen Brokaw, wife of William; d. 

.Tnlv 1. 18(J7; 02y. 
George Brokaw, d. .Tuns 27, 1842; 87y. 

2m. 2rtd. 
Oeoi'ge Brokaw, d. Nov. 27, 18S0; 07y. 
George BroJcaw, son of .J. and M., d. 

.July 28, 1845; 11m. ICd. 
George Brokaw, son of W. and E., 

n. Aiig. 2r;, 1851; 17y. 3m. 4d. 
George M. Brokaw, son of A. and M., 

d. .Tune 11. 18.54; d. .Tune 14, 1800. 
Isabella Brokaw, daughter of George 

and Mary, d. May 4, 1834; lOy. lOd. 
James H. Brokaw, son of .John M. and 

E., d. Feb. 24, 18S8; 2y. Im. Id. 
.Tane Brf)kaw, wife of George, d. Oct. 

7, 1850; 08y. 5m. fid. 
John Brokaw. b. Dec. 2.3, 1703; d. 

March 25, 1876; a soldier of the War 

of 1812. 
John Galvin Brokaw, son of John and 

Maria, d. July 17, 1875; 4y. 10m. 20d. 
John J J. lirokaw, son of J. and M., d. 

July 24, 1845: 2y. fJm. Id. 
Lizzie Bokaw. daughter of John and 

Maria; d. June 30, 1882: 17y. Om. 
Lyle A. Brokaw. son of A\'illiam and 

E., d. March 25, 1858; 22y. 
Mary Brokaw, daugliter of William 

and E., d. Jan. 14, 1844; ly. 11m. 

aiary Brokaw, wife of George, d. July 

1.5, 3S51; (iOy. 
Mary Brokaw, wife of Jacob, d. Scjj. 

21, 1880: <;3y. 
Mary A. Brokaw. daughter of J. and 

M.. d. Nov. 20, 1800; lly. 4m. 2<;d. 
Nancy Brokaw, d. Jan. 20, 1853; 21 y. 

2m. 20(1. 
Nancy Brokaw, wife of George, d. 

April 13, 18ii]; 75y. Om. lOd. 
Nancy lirokaw, wife of George, d. Sep. 

10, 3870; 70y. 
Samuel I). Bro!;aw, son of William and 

K., d. Marfh 8, 18.50; 20y. 
Sarah Brokaw, wif(! of John, b. Sep. 

10, 3802; d. April 15, 1883. 
William Brokaw, d. Sep. 1, 18-50; 40y. 

5m. 20d. 
Margaret Brown, wife of William, d. 

Sep. 14, 1871; .5.5v. 
Fannie E. Caldwell, b. April G, 1845; 

d. April 27, 1804. 
Rev. .Tohn P. Caldwell, d. Jan. 30, 

1872; .54 y. 
Ahinda Campbell, daughter of Richard 

and Rebf-cca, 1). June 27, 1834; d. 

Jan. 27, 1835. 
Clarissa il. Campbell, b. July 16, 1826; 

d. March 28, 1803. 
Cyrus Campbell, b. May 31, 1820; d. 

Oct. 15, 1880. 
Eleanor Campbell, wife of William, d. 

Aug. 2, 3842; 01 y. 
Eleanor Campl)ell. daughter of .T. and 

M. L., d. Oct. 1.5, 3 843; Oy. 
James Campbell, d. July 17, 1842; 60y. 

7m. 30d. 
James Cambell, b. March 7, 1815; d. 

Feb. 22, 18.58. 
.Tane Campbell, b. June 2.5, 1808; d. 

June 10, 188.3. 
Jane I-]. Campbell, daughter of .Tohn 

and Cvnthia; d. Sep. 21, 3853; 12y. 
John Campbell, d. July 24, 1844; 69y, 

Om. 2d. 
John Campbell, d. Sep. 14, 3863; 5:iy. 

31i!). 20d.. 
Dr. John Campbell, b. Nov. 21, 1804; 

d. S(-p. 17, 1S:<;2. 
John A. Campb(!ll, son of Thomas and 

Nan<^y; d. May 28, 1828; ly. 4m. 24d. 
John B. Camj)! ell, son of J. and C, 

d. Sep. 20, 3805; 7y. Gm. 5d. 



.Tosepli Cfimpljcll, d. Dec. 4, 1829; 22y. 
Joseph K. Campbell, b. Jan. 21, ISGU; 

(1. Sep. 5, 188G. 
Julia Aim Campbell, wife of William; 

d. Mairli IC, 1SS4; 7()y. 
J. L. Camplifll. son of W. and N. L., 

d. Jan. 1, 18G1; 2y. 10m. 23d. 
Lizzie C. Campbell, b. April 17, 185-5; 

d. April 29, 1881. 
L. P. Canipb(41, wife of AVilliam M., 

d. July VJ, 1S8!); 5^y. 2m. lid. 
Maugie C. Campbell, d. Oct. 17, 1877; 

!)v. 8m. IGd. 
Maraarct Campbell, d. Oct. 8, 1878; 

!>3y. 11m. 22d. 
Marqaret J. Campbell, Avife of Robert, 

b. ^larcb 13, 1830; d. April 7, 1877. 
ISIaria L. Campbell, wife of J., d. Jan, 

23, 1847: 30y. 
Marj' Campbell, wife of John, d. Sep. 

28, 18r,3: ()9y. 
Mary Campbell, eldest dausiiter of Dr. 

J. and Jane, b. Jan. 24, 1833; d. Feb. 

15, 18.3(5. 
Mary Campbell, wife of William M., 

d. Deo. 13, 1874; 54y. 
jNIary A. Campbell, b. Sep. 17, 1S59; 

d. Sep. 13, 188.'.. 
M. J. Campbell, dauijhter of W. and 

N. L., d. Dec. 18, 1860; 4y. 6m. 23d. 
Pegoy Ann Campbell, wife of ^^'illiam, 

d. Aug. 11, 18J2; 22y. 
Rachel Campbell, wife of Cvrus, b. 

Feb. 10, 1S26; d. Jnne 20, 1SS6. 
Rev. Richard Camphell, A. M., b. Jan. 

4, 1796: d. Nov. 17, 1835. 
Robert Campbell, b. April S, 1809; d. 

Sep. 27, 18S6. 
Ruth Ann Campbell, wife of James,— 
William Campbell, d. Oct. 28, 1845; 

Caroline INIatilda Canon, daughter of 

Buel and Julia, d. June 28, 1834; 

2m. 17d. 
Obadiah Franklin Canon, son of Julia 

and Buel, d. Feb. 26, 1840; ly. 10m. 

Martha Carrithers. daughter of John 

and Elisa; d. Feb. 25, 1832; 16y. 
Sai-ah Christv. wife of R. R., d. April 

19. 1872; 56y. 9m. 28d. 
James Clements, son of J. and P., d. 

May 14. 1833; ly. 9m. ISd. 
James Clements, d. March 10, 1800; 

Josiah Clementci, son of J. and P., d. 

Jan. 5, 1831; 14y. 9m. 26d. 
Merrit G. Clements, son of J. and P., 

b. Oct. 14, 1837; d. Nov. 25, 18.52. 
Pleasant Clements, wife of J., d. Oct. 

12, 1SG2; G7y. 6m. 7d. 
David Cook, son of J. and W., d. June 

22, 1849; 4y. 4m. 
Susan INI. Coon, daughter of Jacob 

and aiary, b. Feb. 2G, 1&37; d. Aug. 

1, 1837. 
George E. Coup, son of G. W. and E., 

d. Oct. 28, 1880; 4y. 18d. 
Ada Zillah Covert, daughter of B. and 

C. d. Feb. 8, 1867; (.y.'cm. 24i1. 
Nona May Covert, graudi^aughttr of B. 

and C, d. July 21, 1887; 15y. 3m. 

Ora Elme Covert 

daughter of 
C. d. Oct. 15, 18 :G: 24y, 5m. 

B. and 
14 d. 

William D. CovcH. son of B. and C, 

d, :March 11, 1866; 2m 9d. 
Isabella Cowan, d. Nov. 28, 1836; 67y. 
Jane Cowles, wife of S. M., d. Jan. 17, 


daughter of E. 
18.7; lOy. 9m. 

of Thoma-', d. 

July 17, 18:6; 

Henry Cramblett, son of E. and H., d 

Aug. 14, 1857; 21y. 
Nancy J. Cramblett. 

and H., d. April 1, 

Jane Crawford, wife 

Sep. 4, 1829; 76y. 
Thomas Crawford, d. 

\^'i]liara Crawford, d. Sep. 1, 1850; 73y. 

4m. 3d. 
Alvin C. Culbertson, son of S. H. and 

E. J., d. April 23, 1861; 9y. 4m. 17d. 
Esther J. Culbertson. wife of S. II., d. 

March 13, 1885; 58y. 6m. 29d. 
iMartlia J. Culbertson, daughter of S. 

H. and E. J., d. May. 4, 1861; 2y. 3m. 

Mary Culbertson, d. Dec. 4, 1886; 50y. 

7m. 16d. 
Samuel Culbert;;on, d. Jan. 22, 1871; 

Sarah Culbertson, wife of Samuel, d. 

July 20, 185(): Gly. Im. lid. 
S. H. Culbertson, d. Jan. 28, 1893; G9y. 

5m. 12d. 
EJeuor Davis, wife of Nicholas, d. 

March 6, 1842; 57y. 10m. 2d. 



OIlie Davis, dani^hter of H. and C. D., 

d. Sop. 23, 18(13 ; ly. 7m. 15d. 
Martha Ann Dayton, daughter of 

.TaiDO'^ and R., d. JNIareh 14, 1SS5; 7y. 

4m. Hd. 
William Dinsmore. d. Aug. 24, 1870; 

Sarah Doak, danghtor of William N., 

d. Feb. 11, 1S"3; 'y. 7m. 2d. 
Infani son of J. nnd E. Downing, d. 

May 27. 1S32; lid. 
Alexander Downing, d. April 28, 1872; 

Jane Downing, daughter of J. and 

Eleanor, d. April 11, 1SG3; 19y. 5m. 

• Id. 
Margaret A. C. Downing, b. March 15, 

1883: d. Oct. 12, 1875. 
INIary Downing, daughter of J. and E., 

d. April J(j. 1838; 9y. 5m. 23d. 
Sarali G. Downing, wife of Alexander, 

d. Nov. 14, 1S(;6; oOy. 
WilHnm Downing, son of A. and S. G., 

d. Dec. 25, 1831; 3y. 27d. 
Hugh Allen Dunlnp. son of J. G. and 

C. E., d. April. 1883; 2m. 25d. 
Margaret Dunn, wife of James, d. 

Oct. 21, 1834: 51y. 5m. lid. 
William Eagelson, d. June 29, 1829; 

Henry Easter, d. June 12, 1842; 55y. 
INlary C. Easter, daughter of Henry 

and Maria, d. Nov. 3, 1858; 19y. 3m. 

Martha Edzinger, Avife of A., d. March 

1, 1885; 39y. fim. 
Infant daughter of J. W. and A. A. 

Ferguson, d. June 6, 1880. 
Elmira Ferguson, wife of Joseph W., 

d. Oct. 2, 1877: 4ny. 9m. lid. 
Hugh Ferguson, d. Sep. 28, 1878; 78y. 

Marsaret Ferguson, wife of H., and 

daughter of G. and M. Armstrong, d. 

Nov. 19, 18.50: 41 y. 15d. 
Mnrgaret Ferguson, wife of H. W., d. 

Sep. 9. 18(53; 58y. 
Mary Finley, wife of James, d. Jan. 

0. 1879: 78 V. 
Catharine Gallagher, d. Oct. 17, 1881; 

John Gallagher, d. March 3, 1801; 53y. 
Nancy Gallagher, Feb. 5, 1858; 84y. 
Nancy Gallagher, d. Sep. 26, 1S8S; S3y, 

John Garven, d. Jan. 2S. 18(13; 75y. 
Jane Gilcrest. wife of William, d. Dec. 

21. 1827; 53y. 
Carrie M. Gordon, d. March 13, 1892; 

7y. Im. 
Pleasy H. Gordon, d. Oct. 22, 1891; 37y. 

5m. 15d. 
David O. Grimes, son of G. D. and J., 

d. April 5, 1849; 3y. 5m. lid. 
Elizabeth Grimes, wife of Joseph; 

d. Sep. 12, 1819; 3Sy. 
George D. Grimes, d. Nov. 20, 1875; 

r.7y. 7m. 7d. 
Jane Grimes, wife of George D., d. 

Nov. 3. 1890: 77y. 7m. 14d. 
Joseph Grimes, d. Jan. 2, ISIO: 57y. 

Martha E. Grimes, d. July 5, 1851; 

G6y. Gm. 22d. 
Mary Halinda Grimes, daughter of 

George D. and J., d. Aug. 18, 1851; 

2y. 5m. 13d. 
Nancy E. Grimes, d. March 30, 183S: 

Sai-ah Grimes, daughter of George D. 

and Jane. d. April 15, 1860; 8y. 8m, 
Sarah B. Grin)es. daughter of John L., 

and M. J., d. Sep. il, 1867; ly. 9m. 

Ellen G. Grooms, daughter of William 

and Delilah, d. Oct. 2, 1S59; 9m. 17d, 
Infant son of Samuel and PI Guthrie, 

d. Sep. 24. 1824; 7d. 
Elizabeth Guthrie, wife of Samuel, d. 

Jan. 21, 18G8: 85y. 
Elizabeth A. Guthrie, dauuhler of G. 

and .T. D., d. Sep. 26. 18:37: 4m. 
Jane B. J. Guthrie, d. April 2G, 1881; 

Jane D. Guthiie, wife of Dr. G. S., 

d. July 17, 1837; 23y. 3m. 
Robert Guthrie, son of Samuel and E., 

d. iMay 2, 1827; Sm. 
Samu(4 Guthrie, d. Sop. 17. 1851; 63y. 

Infant son of J. and M. Ha una, 

Eliza] eth Hanna. wife of Samuel, d. 

March 11. 1829; G2y. 
James Hanna. d. Aug. 25, 1859; SCJy. 

5m. 7d. 
.John Hanna. Sr.. d. Aug. 12, 1840: G3y. 
Margaret Hanna. d. Aug. 10, 1859; 

G5y. 10m. 
Mary Hanna, wife of John, d. May 31, 

1821; My. Gm. 12d. 





Rachel J. ITanna. flau2;litcr of J. 

M., fl. Oct. 15, 1S57; 31y. 9m. Td. 
Rauiucl Haiina, son of J. and M 

May 4, 1828; d. March 24, 1848. 
Samuel Ilanua, d. May. 8, 1842; 7Sy. 

5m. 9d. 
Alex. Hairah, d. July 15, 1831: 81y. 
Charle.'* Hai'rah, d. Jan. 22, ISSl; 73y. 

2m. 21d. 
Jane Harrah, wife of Alex., d. March 

7, 18(51 : Sly. 
Rachel Ilai'rah, wnfe of Charles, d. 

Dec. 20. 1S77; 70y. 
Tabitha J. Harrah, dausihter of A. and 

J., d. June 17, 1S3G; 14y. 4m. 
"William McAlvin Harrah, son of A. 

and J., d. April 13, 1831; 7y. 2m. 5d. 
Barton Harris, d. June 9, 1842; lOy. 
Henderson Havs, b. March 29, 1821; 

d. .Tan. 1. 1890. 
Olivia Hays, wife of Henderson 

and daughter of (i. Y. and W. Coul- 
ter, b. Nov. 23, 1825; d. Sep. 18, 1852. 
William R. Heald, d. Oct. 28, 1847; 27y. 

8m. lid. 
Maria M. Henderson, wife of T. A., b. 

Jan. 12, 1844; d. Dec. 10, 18S7. 
Elizabeth Henry, d. Nov. 1, 1881; 84y. 

James Henry, d. Dee. 15, 18G0; 

Jane Henry, d. IMarch 10, 1857; 

Margaret Henry, d. March 19, 1845; 

Mari^aret Henrv, d. June 10, 1858; 

Marv Henry, b. Feb. 9th, 1817; d. Nov. 

3, 1883. 

Marv Henrv, d. April 11. 

Nicholas S. Henry, b. May 10, 1814; 

d. Oct. 31, 1885. 
Samuel Henry, d. May 13, 1871; 70y. 
Elizabeth Hillis, wife of Matthew, 

d. Nov. 6, 1820; 78y. 
Tamzen L. Hose, wife of Byron M., 

b. May 9. 1847; d. Oct. 15, 1889. 
Catharine Irwin, wife of Dr. Tliomas, 

d. June 18. 1848; 2()y. 
JSIary Irwin, Avife of 

July 15, 1848; G4y. 












, Sep, 

. 25, 




Sep. 3 



: '^y. 

Samuel, Sr 
April 28, 183(5; 

of James and Re- 
1841; ly. Im. 25d. 
of S. and Mary, d. 
. 3m. 
Lvdia Ann Jewell, daucliter of R. and 
M., d. July 28, 1S44; ly. 

Sarah Jewell, daughter of R. and M., 

d. April 7, 1844; 14d. 
Abirath Jolinsoti, sou of William and 

Ai;nes. d. June, 6. 1831; 9y. 3m. 2d. 
Al)ram Johnson, d. Dec. 22, 18()3; (■)9y. 
Agnes Johnson, wife of William, d. 

Feb. 4, 18(i4; 83y. 
Albert Johnson, d. Dec. 10, 188G; 63y. 

Cornelia Ann Johnson, danshier of A. 

and M. A., d. Feb. 3, 1848; 17y. Gm. 

Elizalieth Johnson d. Sep. 5, 1871; 75y. 
.John Johnson, d. Sep. 28, 187G; 71y. 
Marcai-et J. Johnson, daughter of Wil- 
liam and A., d. Sei). 23. 1832; 9y. 9m. 
INIary Johnson, d. April 24, 188(5; 85y. 
Rebecca Johnson, daughter of W. aud 

Agnes, d. June 5, 1851; 32y. lOd. 
William Johnson, d. June 7, 18.55; 79y. 

]Marv Kerr, wife of J. C, b. March 5, 

1813: d. March 22, 1847. 
Mary Lawson, wife of Thomas, d. 

March 25, 1833; 48y. 
Tliomas Lawson, died June 3, 1845; 

72y. Im. 15d. 
Maiigie Lavi)ort, b. June 2, 1853; d. 

Voh. 10, 1888. 
Willie H. I-ayport. son of R. B. and 

M. J., d. Dec. 3, 18S3; ly. IGd. 
John Leamon, d. Aug. 27, 18GG; 5Sy. 

Im. 27d. 
Marv T. Loamon, wife of .John. d. 

March 15, 18(i3; 49y. 4m. 2d. 
Nancv E. Leamon, daughter of G. D. 

and H. F., d. Feb. 3, 18G1; 4y Im. 

Elvira Lee, d. May 2, 1887; 41y. 
James Lee, d. March 10. 1876; 58y. 
John Lee. d. March 1, 1813; 33y. 
Joseph Lee, b. Oct. 5. 1819; d. June 4, 

Joseph V. Lee. son of R. and M., d. 

Dec. 19, 1811: 

Marv Lee, wife of Robert, d. Aug. 15, 

1859; S3y. 
Marv A. Lee, daughter of Williim ar.d 

jNIaiy, d. Jan. 2, 18(50; 17y. Sm. Id. 
Otilla Lee, dnugliter of William and 

Marv; d. 0(t. 23, lSri4; 14y. Im. 17d. 
Robert Lee, d. Sep. IS, 1838; 23y. 
Robert Lee, d. May 12, 1861; 85y. 
Rose Lee, b. Aug. 21, 1832; d. March 



2, lSf12. 
Vance liOe, son of J. and C, d. March 

10, 1S(!0; 21d. 
Anna E. Lewis, daiigliter of W. H. and 

R. K., d. July 31, ISUS; 20y. 2m. 
Tliomas M. Lewis, son of W. H. and 

R. K., d. July 2S, 1SG3: 17y. I'm. 
Elizabeth Legrand. daugliter of De- 

markiis L. and Margaret, d. June 19, 

185S; 4in. Od. 
Infant daugliter of L. H. and E. Lind- 
say, d. June 4, 1S8S. 
Eliza M. Lindsay, wife of L. H., d. 

Juue 12, 18r.2; 31y. Sm. 101. 
Ella Snedeker Lindsay, wife or L. H., 

d. June 9, 1S88; 29y. 8m. 18d. 
■Tames Lindsay, d. July 30, 1829; 33y. 
James Tiindsay, son of J. and S., d. 

Dee. 20, 1S3S: 18y. 8m. 
Lewis IL Lindsay, d. March 1, 1877; 

4ey. 9d. 
Martha Lindsay, daughter of James 

and Susan, d. Jan. li, 1823; Om. 
William Lindsay, son of J. and S., d. 

Aug. 4, 1823: Gy. Gm. 
Abner I/. Lodge, son of T. and R., d. 

Jan. 10, 1852; 2y. 9m. 27d. 
Emmet L. Lodge, son of Thomas and 

Rebecca ,d. Oct. 30, 1859; 2y. 25d. 
Hazel Lodge, daughter of J. S. and M. 

v., d. Aug. 28, 18^9; 2y. 8d. 
John M. Lodge, b. Aug. 28, 18G2; d. 

April 9. 1882. 
Nancy Ellen Lodge, wife of Thomas 

and daughter of John and Sarah 

Merritt, d. Aug. 17, 1851; 25y. 2m. 

George Loye. d. April 23, 1821: 7Gv. 
Oeorge Loye. Jr., d. Sep. 21, 1829; 42y. 
Eliza Lyle. wife of Robert, d. Sep. 20, 

1894: 71y. 
Elizabeth Rarry Lyle, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Isabel, d. April 20, 1840; 

lly. 2m. ISd. 
Flora J. Lyle, daughter of D. and M., 

d. May 15, 1SG1; Iv. 5m. 2d. 
Frank M. Lyle, b. "March 22, 1892; d. 

Jan. 4, 1893. 
Isabella Lyle. wife of .John, b. Oct. 28, 

1789: d. Jiily 28, 1858. 
Isabell Lyle. wife of William, b. July 

7. 1804: d. Jan. 7, 1854. 
John Lyle, son of Roliert and Eliza, 

d. Jan. 28, IS 10; ly. 8m. 2Sd. 

John Lyle, d. April 17, 1872; 47y. 
John Lyle, b. July 17, 17S7; d, June 5, 

Linnie Lyle. daughter of John and 

.lane. d. Oct. 9, 1885; 26y. 
Mary Eleanor Lyle, daughter of G. 

L. and N. J., b. Feb. 27, 1SS7; d. 

]March 22, 1892. 
Robert Lyle, b. April 28, 1811; d. Noy. 

23, 1895. 
Rosannah Lyle, daughter of John and 

Isabella, d. Aug. 1, 1821; Iv. 2m. 
William Lyle, b. Sep. 5, 1789; d. Feb. 

19, 1854. 
Isabella Lyon, wife of John, d. Nov. 

1, 1850; 79y. 
.Tames Woods Lyon, son of James and 

Naucy, d. Jan'. 5, 1803; By. 20d. 
Sarah JMargaret Lyon, daughter of J. 

and N., d. Noy. 18, 1838; 11m. 4d. 
Benjamin McCann, d. Jan. 28, 1842; 



Marearet Ann IVIcClelland, daughter of 

William and C, d. Feb. 11, 1849; 3y. 

John T. McConaughev, son of D. and 

R. E., d. Aug. IS, 1SG9; 4y. 10m. i;id. 
Magsie M. McConaughey, daughter of 

D. and R. E.. d. Aug. 14, 18J9; Gy. 

4m. 5d. 
Sarah A. McConaughey, d. Dec. 16, 

185(>; 39y. 10m. Sd. 
Elizabeth :McConnell, d. April 19, 1857; 

92y. 3m. 7d. 
Francis Rlarion McConnoll, son of J. 

and J., d. Juue 22, 1SG2; 22y. 9d. 
James IMcCounell. son of John and 

Jane, d. Jan. IG, 1830; 2y. 3m. 5d. 
John IMcConnell, d. Oct. 16, 1831; Gly. 
Joim McConuell, d. .Tune 22, 185G; 22y. 

8m. lOd. 
John ^IcConnell, d. Aug. 18, 1878; S2y. 

3m. 15d. 
Martha McConnell, daughter of John 

and Jane; d. Sep. 2G, 1876; 28y. 8m. 

Mary McConnell, wife of John: d. 

"SMlliam McConnell, d. April 14, 1856; 

30y. 3m. 2d. 
John G. McCrarken, son of Dr. John 

and Martlia. d. July 27, 1819; 5hrs. 

Elmira McCullough, d. , 1835; 

— y. Im. — d. 

Esther McCullough, d, Aug. 8, 1841; 



Esther J. IMcCullough, d. IManb 12, 22y. 9m. 23cl. 

1S37; 17y. Sin. Re\'\ William McMillan, D. D., d. April 
George McCullougli, b. May 10. 1: 03; n^ 1832; 52y. 

d. April 3. 1S45. Alexander IMcPherson, 

Isabella McCnllongb. wife of William; Catharine INIcrhevson, 

d. May 23, 1S32: Sly. Rebecca McPherson 

Isabell McCullough, wife of J. G.. Richard Manslield, d. Sep. 24, 1881; 

d. xing. 23, 1830; 50y. S.5y. 

Jane McCullough. wife of Robert, d. Thomas Marshall, d. March 23, 1S39; 

Oct. 15, 1835; 70j. 9,;y. 

Jane McCullough, d. June 13, 1878; Anna Menitt, daughter of J. and S., 

■'^Sy. d. Oct. 3, 1832; 8y. 6m. 29d. 

John McCullough, [old sandstone]. Christina L. Merritt, b. Aug. 22, 1825; 

John McCullough, son of Samuel and d. jiiarch 5, 1800. 

Eliza, d. Jan. 14, 1S37; 6y. 4m. 6d. George M. Merritt,' son of A. and I., 

John McCullough, b. April 29, 1834; cl. Aug. 15, ]84.:-; Iv. 9m. 17d. 

d. Sep. 15, 1855. James P. Merritt, b. Feb. 18, 1820; d. 

lionazelah Jane McCullough, d. Jan. Marr-h 18. 1850. 

10, 1841; lOy. 6m. 17d. John Merritt, d.' Jan. 11, 1841; 43v. 

Peter John McCullough, d. 10, 9in. -id. 

1841; 9y. Sm. 8d. Josia'h S. Merritt, b. May 5, 1811; d. 

Robert McCullough, d. June 17, 1823; April 14, 1814. 

67y. MarA' E. iMerritt, daughter of Aaron 

Rev. Robert McCullough, d. Aug. i:;. and Isabella; d. March 27, 1852; Im. 

185S; 38y. 23d. 

Samuel McCullough, d. June 28, 1859; Sarah Merritt, wife of John, d. Oct. 7, 

71y. 18.34: 34v. 9m. 24d. 

Samuel I. IMcCullough, d. April 8, 1884; William L. Merritt, d. April 20, 1873; 

SOy. 21v. 2m. 20d. 

Sarah McCullough, b. Jan. 7, 1807; d. Joanna Milbui-n. (Liugliter of .Jonathan' 

Dec. 9, 1875. and S. E., b. June 16, 1861; d. Aug. 

William McCullough, d. March 18, 26. i87(i. 

1831; 83y. [a soldier of the Itevulu- Jo"se])h INIiller, d. Sep. 16, 1841; 21 y. 

tion]. lOi^i. 25d. 

William McCullough, d. Nov., 1834; Marv Miller, wife of Robert, d. Aug. 

18y. Im. 25d. 20. 1881; 91v. 7d. 

Daniel McElhatten, d. Feb. 17, 1843; Willie M. Moffatr, son of W. S. and 

'''5y- • M. J., d. Jan. 15, 1871; 2v. 

Nancy McElhatten, d. Dec. 29, If 6'; Albert Moore, b. Dec. 28, 1852; d. Feb. 

78y. 4d. 28. 18.54. 

Cynthia McGrew, wife of William, d. H„gh INIoore, b. Aug. 9, 1829; d. April 

Jan. 2, 1885; 62y. 19, i856. 

Emma F. McGrew. daughter of AVm. .Joseph JMoore, d. IMav 16, 1875; 76v. 

and C. d. Oct. 12, 1876; 21y. 10m. Martin Moore, d. March 30, 1865; 26v. 

1 2d. lOd. 

Charles McGroarty, d. Sep. 30, 1866; Mary Moore, wife of John, d. Aug. 25, 

"Oy. 18.54: 77y. 8m. 

Mary McKibben, wife of George, d. Sarah IVIoore, b. July 28, 1811; d. April 

May 30, 1834; 26y. 5m. lid. 7. 1S95. 

Sarah McKibben, wife of John, b. William Moore, d. Marrh 11, 1865; 62y. 

1730: d. June 9, 1812; 82y. Thomas Morgan, d. Oct. IS, 1807; 57v. 

Ann IMcLaughlin. wife of Edward, d. Elizabeth Morris, wife of .John, d. Jr^iy 

Sep. 1, 1851; 3Sy. H, is52; 27y. 5m. lOd. 

Hugh Kelly McMillan, d. Dec. 20, 1852; James Noling, d. Sep. 12, 1861; 43y. 



2m. 14d. 
Martha Osborn, clan£;h1er of Alex, and 

:\Iary, d. July 7, 1S22; 34y. 22d. 
Mary Osboru, wife of Alex., d. Jan. 

5, LS42; 43y. 
James Parr, d. Sep. 3, 1853; OSy. 
Jane Patton, wile of Samuel, d. April 

23. 1843: Say. 
.Jolui Pnttou, son of Samuel and Jane, 

d. April If), 1814; 17y. 
Samuel Pattou, d. Oct. 15, 1828; G7y. 
Lorouza Dow Pearse, sou of Isaac and 

May, d. Jan. 9, 1839; 33y. [sandstone 

near this, marked M. P.]. 
Elizabeth Pearse, d. April 28, 1822; 

Maraaret E. Peterson, wife of P. G., 

d. Aug. 15. 1885; 2Sy. 11m. 4d. 
Infant dan^l-.ter of J. D. and E. 

Phillips, d. Oct. 25, 1864; Im. 
Infant son of M. and S. Phillips, d. 

April 30. 1853; Im. 
Marv Phillips, wife of James, d. May 

5, 1838; 59y. 
Marv Jane I'hillips, daughter of M. 

and S., d. June 9, 1S30; 4m. 21d. 
Matthew II. I'hillips, d. Sep. 2G, 18G4; 

Rebecca Phillips, daughter of M. and 

S.. d. March 30, 1842; lOui. 
Sarah J. Phillips, daughter of M. and 

S.. d. March 4, 1840; 5y. 2m. 2Ud. 
Marv J. Pollack, wife of R. J., d. Oct. 

24, 1882; .55y. 8m. lOd. 
Elizabeth Porter, wife of James, d. 

May 4, 18G3; 69y. Im. 3d. 
Margaret Porter, wife of James, d. 

May 25, 1851; 7."y. 
Margaret .Josephine Porter, wife of 

Josiah, d. March 25. 1854; 28y. 
Rebecca Porter, daughter of James 

and Elizabeth, d. April 11, 1SG3; 30y. 

Im. 3d. 
Samuel Porter, Sr., d. Aug. 2, 18G9; 

Terrissa Porter, wife of David, d. Oct. 

24. 18(52; 51 y. 11m. 22d. 
Sarah Kaincy, d. Aug. 30, 187G; 80y. 
William Rainey, d. Oct. 20, 1847; 51y. 
William Rainey, son of W. and S., d. 

Sep. 21, 1829; 8m. 4d. 
Isabella Ralston, daughter of R. and 

:M.. d. April IG, 1852; ly. 4m. 5d. 
Joseph Ralston, d. April 9, 1S28; GOy. 

Samuel Rhea, son of John and Mary, 

d. June 14, 1838; 10m, Gd. 

William M. Rhea, son of John and 

Mary, d. Feb. 29, 1840; 7y. 4m. 3d. 

Georue Richner, son of John and 

Susanna, d. Sep. 4, 1861; 8y. Im. Id. 

Isaac Ricliner, son of J. and S., d. May 

IS, 1840; 2m 13d. 
Sarah A. Richner, daughter of Ji.'hn 
and Susanna, d. July 16, 1861; lly. 
10m. 20d. 
Susanna Ricliner, wife of John, d. Nov. 

2, 1865; 54y. 
Susanna R. Richner, daughter of J. 

and S., d. June 7, 1S68; 21y. 
Infant son of Andrew and Margaret 

Richey, d. May 2, 1822; 

Inl'ant son of J. B. and M. A. Richey, 

d. Feb. 28. 1858; 3m. Kkl. 
Andrew Ritchev, d. May 30, 1859; SOy. 

7m. 28d. 
Andrew Richev, sou of A. and M., d. 

Dec. 13, 182S; 2m. 20d. 
Ann Ritchey. daughter of A. and M., 

d. Nov. 9. 1810; 4m. 
David Ritchie, d. June 21, 1856; 82y. 
Esther Ritchey, d. Sep. 14, 1879; 54y. 

9m. 19d. 
James Ritchey, son of A. and M., d. 

Aug. 1, 1813; 9y. 
Jane Ritchey, daughter of Andrew 
and Nancy, d. Sep. 9, 1SG4; 52y. 7m. 
Margaret Ritchey, wife of Andrew, d. 

Jan. 20. 1861; 66y. 7m. 
Martha Agnes Ritchey, daughter of A. 
and M., d. Aug. 5, 1855; 14y. 5m, 

Mary Ritchie, wife of David, d. 

Nancy Ritchey, wife of Andrew, d. 

Aug. 2, 1814; 34y. 
Nancy Ritchey, daughter of A, and. M. 

Ritchey; d. Jan. 2, 1815; 5m. 
Robert C. Ritchie, son of .J. B. and M. 

A., d. .Tuly 30, 1S57; Gy. 11m. 
Sarah Ritchey, d. Feb. 15, 1829; 20y. 
William Richey, son of A. and M., d. 

INIay 28, 1833; ly. Sm. lid. 
Margaret Robb, wife of Andrew, d. 

Maj-ch 21, 1845; 47y. 
Samuel Rogers, son of Michael and 

Rachel, d. July 13, 1S24; 10m. 2d. 
Mariah Scott, wife of Josiah, d. 

Sep. 30, 1831; 20y. 27d. 
Infant son of G. A. and M. Skaddtn; 



d. March 25, 1ST3: Im. 1 Id. 
Man- J. Siuitli, daimhlAi- of W. and 

J.,"d. Juno S, IS-IG; 14y. 

Nicholas Smith, d. Jan., 1S20; 

Anno Snotlolvov, -wi'o of W. K., b. Sop. 

•27. ISl!); d. Nov. 9, 1S81. 
Eli/alioth Snodokor, d. Oot. 15, 1847; 

T2y. 5ni. lid. 
Elizabotli S. Snedelcer, daughter of N. 

and II., d. June 13. 1S27; ISy. 
Hannah Snodolior, d. Nov. 24, 1820; 

James W. Smnlolver. sou of W. K. and 

A., d. INIaich 1(5. 1852; ly. 3m. 17d. 
Marion Itoss Snodolior, sou of I'otor 

and iNIary E., d. May 24, 1875; Im. 

Marv Ann Sncdolier, dauijliter of 

Josiah and Sarah; d. Doc. 9, 1S43; 

ly. Im. S)d. 
Mary A. Sucdoker, dau.schter of AVil- 

liam R. and Auuo, d. Nov. 17, 1857; 

lly. 10m. Ud. 
Mary F. Ross Suodokor, wife of 

I'oter. d. Ai)ril 27, 1875; 24y. 3m. 7d. 
Naucy Snodokor, d. Aug. 22, 1838; 35y. 
Nicliolas Snodokor, d. July 2S, 1844; 

rotor Snod(>kor. d. ^\>b. 20, 185(!; 82y. 
Sarah Snodokor, wife of Josiah, d. 

April 20. 184S; 34y. Om. lid. 
Sarah J. Suedeker. dauuhtor of W. R. 

and A., d. Aug. 7, 1840: 8y. Om. 3d. 
Caudaco C. Taunohill, d. Jan. 7, 1840; 

3v. 3m. Od. 
Carolino Taunohill, b. Dec. IS, 1817; d. 

:\Iav 12. 1801. 
Hannah P. Tanuehill, d. Jan. 27, 1849; 

Isaiah Tanuehill, Jan. 26, 1817; July20, 

Jamos Taunohill. d. Sep. 30. 1873; S3y. 
Jane Tanuehill, -wife of James, d. Aug. 

24. 1851; 0:>y. 8m. 14 d. 
Margaret Taunohill daughter of AVil- 

liam aud Mary, d. Maroli Hi. 1875; 

WHliam Tannehill, d. Oct. 28, 1845; 

84 y. Im. 
Au<lroAV Thompson, d. May 19, 1877; 

Jano Thompson, wife of Joseph, d. 

Aug. 2(;. 1843; 78y. 
Joseph Thompson, d. March 22, 1835; 

Sly. lid. 
INIartlia V. Thompson, d. March 18. 

I88;i: 7(iy. 
Rachel .Vnu Thompsoa, wife of Addi- 
son, aud daughter of Samuel and 

Ann Armor; d. April 24, 18.55; 24y. 
Anuo E. Troutman, daughter of Henry 

aud .lane, d. Oct. 28, 'l8U0; 21y. Om. 

Robert Twigg. son of L. and S., d. 

March 15, 1836; 3y. 10m. Id. 
"William T. Lindsay Twigg, son of 

Lewis aud Susan, d. April 14, 18.52; 

l()y. Im. 18d. 
Ann Vanhoru, daughter of IQdward 

aud iNIargarot. d. Oct. 19, 1815; 12y. 
Edward Vanhoru, d. Aug. 10, 1855; 

.lane Vanhoru, b. Feb. 6, 1800; d. Feb. 

20, 1888. 
INIargarot Vauhorn. wife of Edward, d. 

Oct. 14. 18;'>0: (;3v. 
Martha \'aiilioru, b. April, 20. 1805; d. 

Jan. 27. 18(i0. 
Sanuiid R. Vincent, sou of AV. R. and 

E. J., d. Fob. 22, 1863: ly. 3m. 28a. 
Sarah J. Webb, wife of John W., b. 

Julv 22, 1858; d. Jan. 24, 1883. 
IMarv Wi'lliug. b. Feb. 6, 1872: d. Feb. 

26. 1872. 
Agues A\'o]lman. -wife of Rudolph, d. 

.luuo 17, 18:!4; 74y. 
Rudol})h Wellmau,* d. Dec. 27, 183t;; 

78y. Im. 26d. 
Hannah E. Whan, daughter of J. R. 

and ^I., d. .Inly 10. 1851: 3m. 13d. 
Jamos B. V^'han, d. Sep. 10, 1856; 40y. 

8m. lOd. 
Jolui "W. "\Vh:ui. son of .John and Mar- 
garet, d. ,Iuly 10. 1840: 28y. Sm. Od. 
ISlarg.arot ^^■han. wife of Jamos F... d. 

May 8. 1857; 3»iy. 4m. lOd. 
^lary Wlian, daughter of John aud 

INIargarot, d. Aug. 6, 1851; 41y. 

Jane AVhite. 

Rotsey AMloy. Avife of William, d. Siml 

10. 1840; (;()V. 

Eddie AAilov.' sou of J. aud II. E., d. 

Oct. 22. 1.S61; ly. Om. 14d. 
Joseph AVilej', d. Aug. 20, 1873; GSy. 

llm. 2d. 
Mariiarot Wllev, wife of John, d. Aug. 

11, 1823; 4(;y. 

Mary \Mley, d. Oct. 6, 1862; 7Sy. 




Rnlin P. Wiley, son of J. and II. E., d. 

Oct. 20. is.lTfc 
Willinni Wiloy. d. Rep. 13, 1853; 7Sy. 
Jaiic ^^'oo(l WilliMinsDii. wife of Rov. 

M.'icKnijrlit Williamson, b. March 5, 

1801; (1. .Tilly 24, ISJIt. 
Sarah II. Williauii^oii. dan^htor of P. 

and H., d. June 7, 1818; ly. 8m. Id. 

Cook, danirhtor of .John 

of William, d. 

To August 30, 189G. 

James Alexander, b. July 7, 1807; d. 

Oct. 22. 1887. 
Andrew Anderson, d. Dec. 19, 1831; 

Elizabeth Anderson, wife of James, d. 

June 14, 1842; 25y. 10m. 22d. 
Sarah Anderson, wife of J., d. April 

(!, 1840; 38y. Om. 20d. 
Anna Elcanur Armstrong', daugliter of 

Jnl:n and Mary, b. in Pittsburg, Pa., 

Dee. 20, 1814; d. in New Athens, 

Ohio, .Tan. 1.3, 1831. 
Charles Ramford, d. Nov. 15, 1803; 

KiOy. Oin. 
Andrew II. Barnes, d. March 24, 1845; 

Thomas Barr, d. May 8, 1848; 27y. 5m. 

Eliza Black, d. Dec. 28, 1842; 24v. 
Jlartlia M. Colibs, wife of Dr. (i., d. 

Oct. 10, 1874; 4.3y. 20d. 
Mattie Cobbs, twin daughter of Dr. 

O. an'i :\I. M., d. April 29, 1871; 2v. 

6m. 2Gd. 
A'angoine Cobbs, wife of Dr. Charles, 

b. April 17, 1845; d. June 8, 1880. 
Maitin Cochran, d. March 20, 1823; 

George Cook, b. May 5, 1804; d. Sep. 

20, 1892. 
George Cook, son of George and M., 

d. Aug. 24, 1851; 17y. 2d. 
James Cook, d. Feb. 28, 1815; 60v. 
John Cook, d. June 21, 1843; 44y. 
^largaret Cook, wife of .John, d. Aug. 

28, 1S:',9; 35y. 
Nancy Cook, wife o' James, d. Jan. 20, 

1820; r,<)y. 
Nancy Cook, wife of George, d. Jan. 9, 

1888; 78y. 14d. 


JIargaret, d. April 19, 18.35: 2y. 
Rel)ecca Cook, wifo 

1818: 24y. 
Thomas Cooke, b. .Tan. 9, 1843; d. May 

21, 1872. 
AVilliam Cook, d. M.iv 8, 1S.38; 4Gv. 
Elizabeth Craig, d. .Tan. 27, 1823; 07y. 
.Tames Craig, son of .Toseph and Jane, 

d. .Tune 12, is.39; 7y. 4m. 15d. 
Jane Cruig, d. May 28, 1804; 75y. 
John Crnig. son of L. and J. C., d. Dec. 

12, 1800; 15d. 
.Tos-eph Craig, d. May 28, 1804; 7.oy. 
Nancy Craig, d. .Tuly G, 1852; 74y. 
William Craig, minister of the Gospel. 

son of James and E., d. July 10, 1S18; 

Agnes Crawford, wife of Isaac, d. .Tan. 

8, 18.33; 32y. Im. lOd. 
Infant son of .T. and S. Culbertson, d. 

Sep., 1840. 
Dorcas Culbertson, d. 

47y. 5m. 
Gille,spie Culbertson, d. 

Infant son of .T. and S. 

.Tune 10, 1887. 
INIarv Culbertson, wife 

.Tuly 1.3, 1890; G7y. 
]Mary B. 

Aug. 15, 18G5; 
Sep. 11, 1890; 
Culbertson, d. 
of Robert, d. 

Culliertson, daughter of R. 
d. Oct. 21, 1803; .3y. 8m. 24d. 
Culbertson, d. Dec. 20, 1840; 

Culbertson, wife of .Tohn, 1). 
1840: d. Sep. 19, 1800. 

Culbertson, dauirhter of R. 

d. Oct. 2, JSG3; 5y. 4m. 18d. 

and M., 

Robert C. 

Sarah .T. 

Aug. 1, 
Sarah M. 

and M., 
Thomas Culbertson, d. Aug. 13, 1841: 

40y. Om. 
Lizzie Davis, daughter of J 

S. .L, d. Oct. 24, 1877; lly. 
Sarah Davis, wife of J. ^V., d 

1875; .35y. 3m. 
Samantha Dunbar, 

May .3, 1890. 
William Dnnbar, b. 

Sep. G. isni. 
William Dunbar, b. 

Aug. 3, 1874. 
.Tennie Dvsart, wife 

10, 1873: 28y. 1m. 
Lucinda Carolin"' Dysnrt 

William and L., d. Nov 

W. and 
4m. 1.5d. 
Nov. 14, 

1. Sep. 8, 1823; d. 
April 19, 1810; d. 
April 13, 1851; d. 
W., d. Nov. 

of B 


dauirhter of 
14, 18G2; 8y. 



Marv E. Dvsart, daughter of William 

ami Lucinda, d, Feb. 9, 1840; 2y. 5m. 
Mary INI. Fergus on, wife of Malcolm, 

d. Oct. 5, 1S45; 32y. 5m. lid. 
Nancy J. Ferguson, daughter of M., 

and J. A., d. Nov. 29, 1S60; 8y. 4m. 

Agnes Finlev, d. Oct. 15, 1843: 47y. 
Elizabeth Finley, d. May 8, 1833; 42y. 
Emma Eliza Finney, daughter of 

Thomas and E. [No dates]. 
INIai-garet Ann Finney, daughter of 

Thomas and E. [No dates]. 
Infant son of Thomas and E. Finney. 

[No dates]. 
George Frater, d. July 9, 1877; 78y. 

Gm. ISd. 
George W. Frater, son of J. D. and 

S. J.. d. Sep. 19, 18G1; 9m. 29d. 
Henry O. Frater, b. Feb. 17, 1858; d. 

July 17, 1868. 
Lillie Frater, daughter of M. O. and 

J. K., d. Aug. 11, 1889; 4y. 7d. 
Luretta Jessie Frater, daughter of W. 

A. and B. H., d. March 11, 18G7; 2m. 

R. F. Prater, b. Feb. IG, 1833; d. Dec. 

25, 1881. 
Susanna Frater, d. Aug. 19, 1874; 78y. 

Gm. 18d. 
Susanna Frater, b. Oct. 30, 1831; d. 

Sep. 11, 1891. 
Homer Richey Gaston, son of Joseph 

and Mary, d. Oct. 3, 1885; d. Feb. 

19, 188G. 
David Givnoy, d. Feb. 26, 1859; 85y. 

James Gibney, son of D. and M., d. 

Feb. 14, 1846; 29y. 5m. 21d. 
Martha Gibney, daughter of D. and 

M., d. Dec. 22, 1853; 31y. 
Mai*y J. Gibnev, daughter of J. and 

E., d. Oct. 4, 1856; 9y. 10m. 5d. 
Ague.'! Gillespie, wife of James, d. Sep. 

24, 1873; 85y. 8m. 24d. 
Eleanor Gillespie, wife of Robert, d. 

March 28, 1859; 34y. 
Joseph H. Gillespie, son of R. and 

E., b. INIarch 12, 1849; d. Nov. 12. 

Sarah Cillespie, wife of J. T., d. Nov. 

2, 1873; 2Gv. Im. 14d. 
Levi Graham, d. Feb. 26, 1845; 29y. 

11m. lOd. 
IMarv Graham, d. March 5, 1885; 78v. 
Agnes Gray, d. Feb. 3, 1879; 72y. 2Gd. 
Benjamin M. Grav, son of Roliert and 

Ann, d. April 7, 1841; 5m. 2d. 
Catharine Hammond, wife of Robert, 

d. July 5, 1846; 32y.