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Full text of "Historical collections relating to Gwynedd, a township of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, settled, 1696, by immigrants from Wales, with some data referring to the adjoining township, of Montgomery, also settled by Welsh"

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First Edition, 1884. 
Second Edition, 1897. 



I. Tlic Place : The Scope of Its History, i 

II. Remarks upon the Geology of the Toivnship, ... 1 1 

III. Traces of the Indians, 15 

IV. The Arrival of the Welsh Settlers, 21 

V. Edzvard Foulke's Narrative of his Removal, , . . 33 

VI. The Origin of the Tozunship's Name, 40 

VII. Number of the First Settlers : Grozvth of Popu- 
lation, 50 

VIII. The First Settlers' Homes: Personal Details, . . 55 

IX. Establishment of the Friends' Meeting, 73 

X. Details Concerning the Early Friends, 83 

XI. Narrative of Jo] in Humphrey, of Merion, .... 94 

XII. Early Mojithly Meeting Records of Mai^riages ; 

Other Lists of Marriages and Deaths, . . . .108 

XIII. Evans Family Genealogy, 147 

XIV. Roberts Fannly Genealogy, 196 

XV. Foulkc Fannly Genealogy, 233 

XVI. The Early Roads, 282 

XVII. Early Settlers in Montgomery, 298 

XVIII. Affairs Before the Revolution, 304 



XIX. Gzuyncdd in the Midst of the Revolution : Sally 

Wister's Journal, 312 

XX. Revolutionary Details, 349 

XXI. Taxable s in Gzvynedd i)i lyyS, 358 

XXII. The Boones, Lincolns, and Hanks, 369 

XXIII. St. Peter's Church, 375 

XXIV. Social Conditions Among the Early Settlers, . . . 383 
XXV. Agricidttire , Slaves, Schools, Hotels, Stores, etc., .392 

XXVI. Genealogical Details Concerning Early Families, . 410 

XXVII. Biographical Notices, 427 

XXVIII. Additional Chapter — iSgy, 445 


Facing Page 

House on the Site of Edward Foulke's Original Dwell- 
ing AT Penllyn. Etching by Btanche Dillaye 33 

Plan, Showing Location of First Settlers' Tracts 58 

William John's House, 171 2. From a Photograph, iSqy, 

by Arthur Hugh Jenkins 67 

The Old House of Owen Evans (later the Residence 
of Caleb Foulke, and Dr. Meredith). Etching by 
Blanche Dillaye, 71 

The Meadow-Bank at Robert Evans's. Etching by Blanche 

Dillaye, 76 

Friends' Meeting House at Gwynedd, built 1823. From 

a Sketch by Miss E. F. Bonsall, 82-^ 

Charles Roberts, of Philadelphia. Copy of Phototype by 

F. Gutekunst &^ Co. , from a Painting 203 

Howard M. Jenkins. From a Photograph by F. Gutekunst &^ Co., 418 


(to edition of 1884.) 

THIS volume is by no means a History of Gwynedd. I have not 
attempted to make it that. I have simply gathered materials of 
a historical and biographical nature relating to Gwynedd, and have ar- 
ranged them as nearly as practicable in the order of time. The careful 
reader who may observe that many things are not dealt with which it 
would be the duty of a history to include will find an explanation of the 
fact in the plan itself. 

So far as the materials which the volume does contain may be con- 
sidered, I believe them very trustworthy. My effort especially has been 
to achieve that degree of accuracy where the percentage of error does 
no harm. Of errors there are some, no doubt : no such collection of 
facts, made up largely of specific statements, with names and dates, has 
ever, with the extremest care of author and printer, been able to avoid 
some mistakes. Those which have been noticed as the work was passing 
through the press are stated below. 

The size of the work has disappointed me. I have reached the 
limit assigned it without exhausting the materials I had collected for it, 
and many subjects which I had intended to treat fully have been of 
necessity treated briefly. 

It should be explained that the dates used have respect always to 
"Old" and "New Style." In 1752 the English Parliament passed an 
act by which the new year subsequently began on January ist, and Janu- 
ary became, therefore, the "First Month," as now. Previously, March 
had been the " First Month." This fact should be carefully kept in mind. 
In all dates in the book, preceding 1753, the months' numbers correspond 


with the old rule : beginning with that year they correspond with our 
present system. 

With respect to the spelling of names, both of families and of in- 
dividuals, considerable variation will be remarked. The simple expla- 
nation of this is that in the documents and printed matter which furnish 
my authorities, these speUings vary continually. The same person is 
often differently called — e. g., WiUiam John is sometimes WiUiam Jones ; 
the female name Ellen is spelled also Ellin, and again Eleanor, — even 
when referring to one and the same individual. My plan has therefore 
been to use names as I found them, unless the spelling was plainly an 

Acknowledgment should be especially made, here, for the assistance 
I have had in the collection of materials. To Rev. George D. Foust, for 
his article on St. Peter's Church, to William J. Buck, for aid and sug- 
gestions, to S. B. Helffenstein, for notes concerning his grandfather's 
family ; my thanks are due. Charles Roberts, of Philadelphia, who is 
collecting the data for an elaborate and complete genealogical record of 
his family, has aided me with unwearied interest. Mrs. WiUiam Parker 
Foulke, whose death, some months before the completion of the work, 
deprived me of a most valuable coadjutor, made an important contribu- 
tion to it, by preparing a full record of her husband's branch of his 
family. And in conclusion it must be due to Edward Mathews to say 
that no one has made more faithful, patient, or valuable original research 
into the Township's early history. His papers I have carefully consulted, 
and in certain parts of the book freely drawn upon. 


THE volume having gone " out of print," within a year or two of its 
issue from the press, at the beginning of 1885, I have now reprinted 
it. The original text has been left without change, except where additional 
or more exact information made it improper to let it pass uncorrected. 
There are, in this way, a number of minor variations from the first edition. 
I have added a chapter, in order to give some additional notes which 
seemed of interest. 

In the three main genealogical chapters, there have been important 
additions furnished me by members of the Evans and Foulke families, and 
the Roberts chapter has been carefully revised, and has passed under the 
inspection of my friend Charles Roberts, who has given long-continued 
attention to the collection of his family data. 

I have endeavored, in reprinting, to correct the errors noted under 
this heading, in the First Edition. No doubt some new ones have been 
made in the present One. 

Page 95, lines 16 and 18 from top, Llwyn Griuill should be Llwyn 
Gwril (Loo-in Goo-ril) ; and line 24, Llivtindu should be Llwyndu (Loo- 

Page 127, 8th line from top, Rebecca Moore should be Elizabeth. 

Page 424, 1 2th line from top, Conrad S. Castner died Fifth month 18, 
1897, in his 59th year. 

A record of the resurveys of the lands in Gwynedd appears in the 
Minutes of the Board of Property, at their meeting, 25th and 26th of 
Eleventh month (January), 1702, (printed in Penna. Archives, Second 
Series, Vol. xix., pp. 355-6). It does not differ in essential particulars 
from the facts herein given (p. 56 et seg.). 

Avalon, Gwynedd, Pennsylvania, 
Sixth month i, i8gy. 


The Place : The Scope of its History. 

FROM Independence Hall, in Philadelphia, a line drawn west 
of north and extended eighteen miles will end in the 
Township of Gwynedd. Approaching the place on such a 
line, the surface of the country rises, and at last attains an 
elevation of four hundred feet above the sea, where it forms 
the water-shed that divides the drainage of the Delaware and 
the Schuylkill rivers. Upon the western slopes of this water- 
shed the lands of the township chiefly lie, and the greater 
part of their rain-fall, feeding affluents of the Wissahickon, that 
rise in springs within the township, pass by them, or by the 
main stream, — which traverses Gwynedd from north to south, 
having risen just over the line, in Montgomery, — down to the 
Schuylkill. From the northwestern part of the township, how- 
ever, the drainage goes west by north through the Towamensing 
and other tributaries of the Skippack, into the Perkiomen, and 
thus reaches the Schuylkill far above the Wissahickon ; while 
the rain-fall upon a few hundred acres in the extreme eastern 
corner of the township passes south and east to the Neshaminy, 
and through it to the Delaware. 

The township is a parallelogram, containing nearly seventeen 
square miles, and occupied by over three thousand people.^ 

[iThe reference here is to the census of 1880, and covers not only the two townships, 
Upper and Lower Gwynedd, into which the old township was divided in 1891, but also 
the Gwynedd part of the population of the boroughs of Lansdale and Ambler, and the 
whole of the borough of North Wales. — Xote, iSqGl. 


Fairly to be called a hill country, if compared with levels beside 
the sea, or valleys along the great rivers, it yet is no more than 
a moderately elevated part of that remarkable agricultural region 
which, occupying all south-eastern Pennsylvania, reaches north- 
ward and westward to the Blue Mountains and the river 
Susquehanna. Covered with woods when the white settlers came, 
at the end of the seventeenth century, then cleared, and since 
continuously tilled, this is a township, simply, of farming land ; 
its surface rolling, but not rough ; its soil moderately fertile, but 
demanding patient and careful cultivation. Natural wealth, 
except that of the soil, it has done ; if minerals lie beneath the 
surface, they are at such a depth as would baffle the miner. 

Such history as may be presented concerning this township 
and its people is necessarily limited in scope. Beginning less 
than two centuries ago, when its occupancy by European settlers 
bep-an, we resign to the mists of the unknown all the life it may 
have had in the ages preceding. And even within the period ot 
our knowledge, its movements and experiences have been void of 
extraordinary features. During two hundred years, the upland 
farmers, leveling their woods, plowing, planting, harvesting, 
threshing, seeking the markets of the city with their surplus, 
have typified the rural industry of their country. Neither sea 
nor river was at hand to disturb their occupation of tillage ; the 
great highways of travel lay upon other routes ; the coal, the 
iron, the oil, that elsewhere have attracted new people, changed 
ownerships, built towns and cities, and altered alike the face of 
the country and the composition of society, have been here 
unknown. The echoes of the Revolutionary cannon reached 
the place, but other than this all its knowledge of wars has been 
brought from far beyond its borders. No Indians molested the 
early settlers ; wild beasts did not prey upon them ; pestilence 
did not destroy, nor famine starve them. 


What history, then, bclont^s to the place? Such only as 
a quiet community of plain people, sharing the general interests 
of their country, concerned for its welfare, agitated by its dangers, 
rejoiced by its successes, may have had ; such as the condition 
of a simple and orderly existence may present ; such as comes 
from those features of human experience which are common to 
man everywhere, — his birth, his struggle for existence, his 
defeats and triumphs, despairs and rejoicings, sickness and health, 
death and burial ; the character he presents in life, the name he 
leaves behind him. With such materials the present volume 
must be content chiefly to deal, making its pages justify them- 
selves, if possible, by merits of sincerity and precision, — con- 
tributing thus to the great records of the time a leaf of small 
dimensions, but careful and trustworthy so far as it extends, 
To that historical method which begins by the patient accumu- 
lation of facts, and which draws no conclusion until the facts are 
faithfully studied, the highest respect is due, and it therefore is 
fair to suppose that the glimpse which we obtain of a people's 
life by the study of the experiences of a single community has 
a substantial value in history. To cut down through the strata 
at a single place may disclose the formation underlying a wide 

Analyzing the township's history, it might be said that in a 
large way, and having reference partly to its exterior relations, it 
has had these five periods : 

1. That of the Settlement : 1 698-1 720. 

2. That of Growth : 1 720-1 775. 

3. That of the Revolutionary War: 1775-1783. 

4. That of the Changes, social, industrial, and political, which 
followed the Revolution : 1 783-1 820. 

5. That of development and culture since 1820. 

But an outline, less general, and more distinctly drawn from 


the place, may be presented. The township's own experiences, 
it may be said, have been these : 

I. That of the first settlement, its conditions new and strange 
to the Welsh husbandmen ; the marked characteristics of the 
little colony ; its distinctly Welsh features ; the unity of nearly 
every member in a single family, by ties of blood or marriage, 
the friendly habit of mutual help, the simplicity of manners, the 
fervor of religious expression. In this time the Quaker element 
was predominant, the headship of Penn commanded an almost 
filial respect, and the movement of the community was centered 
in the Friends' meeting, whose spiritual and temporal affairs were 
the great objects of its attention. 

II. Following this there came a time of removals and changes. 
Of the original company some were dead. There were de- 
partures to Richland, to Perkiomen, to Providence, to the Oley 
settlement on the upper Schuylkill. Thomas Evans, re-married 
in his old age, removed to Goshen, and Cadwallader Foulke, 
quitting farm life for city life, went to Philadelphia. Later the 
tide of migration to Virginia and the Carolinas, which took the 
Boones, Hanks, Lincolns, and others, from Berks county, shook 
the settlement of Gwynedd and Montgomery, in which the 
departing pioneers had many kinsmen. But in this period, too, 
there were new comers. The German element began to appear. 
The Schwenkfelders came in a body. The Welsh homogeneity 
began to break up, and the township became, as the Pennsyl- 
vania colony did, and as the State to-day is, one of varied popu- 
lation and characteristics. 

III. To this succeeded the time when in this community, as in 
every one from Boston to Savannah, the earlier colonial influ- 
ences declined, and the new springs of energy, which in the 
wider field were to manifest themselves in the effort for Inde- 
pendence, began to show themselves. There were some changes 


in agriculture. The earlier methods had to be improved. 
Pasture and hay lands spread from the meadows into the upland 
fields, by the sowing of timothy-seed, and later by the sowing of 
clover-seed, and the use of land plaster. Grazing therefore in- 
creased, and a rotation of crops began to be followed ; hedges 
were planted, tillage became more thorough, and presently the 
plow with the iron mould-board appeared. 

This period included the time of the Revolution, but from 
that great convulsion there sprang new conditions that must be 
separately mentioned. 

IV. The struggle for Independence, its successful result, and 
the formation of the national constitution, profoundly agitating 
the country at large, stirred to the depths the life of each com- 
munity, however remote and rural. These events brought hot 
political contention. Parties arose, and their lines were sharply 
drawn. The simple social conditions of the earlier time were 
modified, and while there were complaints of a decline in 
religious warmth, it was said, too, that morals were more lax, 
and intemperance more common. But there appeared then a 
development of a material nature. Turnpikes began to be made, 
the almost universal habit of riding on horseback was modified 
by the appearance of " pleasure carriages," the streams were 
bridged, common roads increased and received more care in their 
construction. At the same time, stimulated by the party excite- 
ments, county newspapers began to be established, and the rise 
of a taste for reading caused the formation of the small, but yet 
useful, local libraries. 

To this period may be assigned all the years from the close 
of the Revolution up to and including the War of 1812-15. 

V. From the close of the second war with Great Britain, a 
period of twenty-five years, ending in 1840, was marked by 
many new and interesting features. The financial depression of 


1817, following the collapse of the depreciated paper money of 
the war, and of the industries which had sprung up during non- 
intercourse with England, tended strongly to develop and increase 
the removals to the Western country, — chiefly Ohio, Indiana, 
and Illinois, — which then continued for many years. Between 
1820 and 1840 was the great period of the State's "internal 
improvements," the multiplication of turnpikes, the digging of 
canals, the beginning of railroads. This, it is true, had but a re- 
flected influence in Gwynedd, yet it, like every other part of the 
State, felt the stimulus of the general activity and enterprise. 
In this period the public-school system was definitely established 
in the township, and the general tendency toward more education 
and culture was strongly shown. The county newspapers had 
reached a position of enlarged importance, and political discussion, 
though it was now partially relieved of the bitterness and heat 
which had accompanied the earlier party contests, was conducted 
earnestly and vigorously during the campaign in which John 
Quincy Adams once, and then General Jackson twice, won the 
Presidency. The political activity of the people, and their move- 
ment by local leadership, — indicating the wider distribution of 
intelligence and political interest, — is quite observable during this 
time. In it, too, the postal service was increased, the mails were 
more frequently carried, and new post-offices were established j 
and it is notable that the influence of the proximity and growth 
of Philadelphia began to be more felt. 

VI. Since 1840, one general and two special conditions have 
marked the life of the township. The one is that unexampled 
and wonderful advance toward greater luxury and culture which 
has been everywhere the experience of the American people, 
and in which this community shared. The others have been the 
revolution in agricultural operations effected by the invention of 
better implements and machines ; and the changes in the town- 


ship's population, order of life, occupation, and interests, which 
followed the construction of the railroad. All these were 
part of a large movement ; they occurred within the same 
period ; and it is not entirely practicable to distinguish the precise 
influences which each exerted ; yet they may be to some degree 
separately described. The change in agriculture had already 
given some signs of its presence in 1840, but it has chiefly been 
effected since. The flail gave way to the thresher, the sickle to 
the cradle, and it to the reaping machine, the scythe to the 
mower, the rude " fans " or " windmills " to improved and 
elaborate cleaners. The horse-rake has been two or three times 
developed, the hay-tedder and manure-spreader have come into 
occasional use, and while the grain-drill has almost completely 
superseded the picturesque marching man who scattered his seeds 
broadcast, the self-binding machine has partly taken the place 
of the " hands " who entered the harvest field to rake and 
bind. In fine, the whole system of farming is changed ; in the 
busiest season one man does at least the old work of three, 
and operations that were once necessarily tedious and small 
of proportion have risen to extensive methods and great possi- 

The building of the railroad gave the township a new life. 
Enlarged knowledge of and communication with the outer world, 
the enormous increase of actual locomotion, the influx of new 
people, the rise in the price of lands, the building of villages 
and ultimately of considerable towns at the railroad stations, the 
creation of a new market system, the changes in the form of the 
produce sent to the city for sale, were in part the results of the 
new influence. But besides these, there came from the city many 
more visitors and boarders, many more purchasers of land. 
The social structure as it had existed was first dissolved and then 
made over, and it became greatly less homogeneous and unified. 


When the raihvay trains began to run, the old life of the township 
ended, and a new age was reached. 

The general changes that have taken place in the country, and 
which are to be seen in Gwynedd, included, as I have already 
said, those which came directly from the railroad, and if it had 
not been constructed at all they would still have occurred, 
much the same in character, though not so marked in their ex- 
tent. With the schools established, the county newspapers in- 
creased in influence, the little libraries slowly increasing, and all 
the great outer world thundering so near by, the township could 
not fail to rouse and stir. Mails that had come once or twice a 
week now came on every working day, and daily newspapers 
from the great cities were found a necessity to those who would 
keep abreast with the course of affairs. The movement in all 
ways became more quick. The pressure of occupation upon 
time became more urgent. Before this period the fast horse had 
been a runner to be ridden ; now he became a trotter to be 
driven. From the interest in Lady Suffolk and Tacony and 
Flora Temple came their swift successors whose speed made 
"two-forty" seem slow. The old "gigs" and " chairs," with 
their round springs, disappeared, and the family driving to church 
or meeting, or setting out on some distant visit, called for a com- 
fortable carriage instead of the old and plain " dearborn " wagon. 
The harness began to have silver mountings, the driver covered 
his knees, not with a quilt or "coverlid" from the housewife's 
stock, but with a robe of buffalo-skin. The young man going 
out on errands of gallantry had his " falling-top," the successor 
of the "tilbury," and no longer was content to own a horse and 
saddle. Dress grew more costly and elegant, the country tailors 
were crowded outside by the influx of "ready-made" clothing 
from the cities, and the country stores that had been able to satisfy 
their female customers with calico or delaine, saw them go to the 


great city bazaars for more costly and elegant fabrics. Organs 
and even pianos found their places in the farmers' homes, — an 
innovation and a step in luxury that a decade or two before 
would have been thought monstrous, — while the young women, 
as they glanced at their music-books, the farmer as he read his 
newspaper, or footed up his market account, the wife as she 
sewed, or mended, or darned, had the aid, not of the old candle, 
nor even of the later " camphene " and " fluid," but of " coal 
oil," warranted to stand the "fire test," and equaling in the 
quality of its light the best which could be commanded by 
luxurious dwellers in cities. 

Altogether, these and many other changes by which they 
were accompanied, amounted to a revolution of social conditions. 
The extent of the progress had been wonderful, but in no par- 
ticular more so than by comparison. If we shall divide the 
history of Gwynedd since its settlement into one period of a 
century and a half, and another of less than half a centur}^, and 
compare the changes of the two, we shall see the former appear 
a monotonous and stagnant level, while in the later and briefer 
one, Enterprise, Ingenuity, and Culture have gone forward by 
leaps rather than by steps. 

Chronological Sketch. 

1698, March, the Township purchased for the Welsh Company. 

April, the Welsh Company sail from Liverpool. 

July, they reach Philadelphia. 

November (?), the settlers occupy their lands. 
1700, The first Meeting-House built. 
1700-01 (?), William Penn visits Gwynedd. 
1701-02, Re-surveys and Commissioners' patents for the lands. 
1 71 2, The second Meeting-House built. 
1 7 14, the Friends' Monthly Meeting established. 
[1718, death of William Penn.] 


1719, Montgomery Baptist Church organized. 

1 73 1, Baptist Church of stone, at Montgomery. 

1734, Arrival of the Schwenkfelders. 

1740, Boehm's Church (German Reformed, Whitpain), built. 

1745, Malignant and fatal epidemic. 

1769, St. John's Church (Lutheran, Whitpain), organized (probably). 

1772-76, St. Peter's Lutheran and Reformed Church established. 

[1775, Outbreak of the Revolution.] 

[1776, Declaration of Independence.] 

1777, October, The American troops in the township ; march to and retreat 

from Germantown. 
November, movement of the troops to Whitemarsh. 
December, their movement to Valley Forge. 

1778, June, Movement of the army from Valley Forge to New Jersey. 

[1783, Independence acknowledged by Great Britain.] 
1784, Montgomery County erected. 
1796, The Library at Montgomery Square established. 

[1799, Sower's newspaper begun at Norristown.] 

[1800, Wilson's (later Winnard's) newspaper begun at Norristown.] 

[1804, Asher Miner's newspaper begun at Doylestown.] 

1804-05, Chestnut Hill and Spring-House turnpike built. 

[1812-15, War with Great Britain ] 
181 3, Bethlehem Turnpike begun. 
1823, Third (present) Friends' Meeting-House built. 
1830, State Road laid out. 
1840, Public School system adopted by the Township. 

[1846-47, War with Mexico.] 
1847-48, Spring-House and Sumneytown Turnpike built. 

1856, North Pennsylvania Railroad completed to Gwynedd. 

1857, North Pennsylvania Railroad opened to the Lehigh river. 

[1861-65, War of the Rebellion.] 
1869, Borough of North Wales incorporated. 
1872, Borough of Lansdale incorporated. 
1874, Stony Creek Railroad completed. 


Remarks upon the Geology of the Township. 

C"^ WYNEDD lies along the southern edge of, and just within, 
^ the extensive but simple and monotonous formation called 
by geologists the Mezozoic, or Red Sandstone, belt. The 
underlying rocks of the township vary in color, though they are 
mostly red, or reddish, and range from a tolerable sandstone to a 
decomposing shale ; except that through the hill upon the 
Swedes-Ford road, tunneled at one point by the railroad, there 
passes a trap dyke of much harder rock, of an earlier formation 
than the Mezozoic. 

The belt of Mezozoic, says Prof Rogers, in his report of the 
Geological Survey of Pennsylvania, is very extensive. Begin- 
ning upon the right bank of the Hudson river, and extending 
along it from New York Bay to the base of the first ridges of 
the Highlands, it stretches south-west, traversing New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Maryland, and, in a more interrupted manner, 
Virginia and North Carolina, so that its total length is not less 
than five hundred miles. In Pennsylvania, it begins with a 
breadth of thirty miles, along the Delaware, its southern limit 
being a point about half way between Yardleyville and Morris- 
ville, and thence, with a southern limit more or less sharply de- 
fined by streams and escarpments, it passes westward to the 
Schuylkill above Norristown. Its width there is less than on 
the Delaware, and for the remainder of its course through Berks, 
Lancaster, Dauphin, York, and Adams, it spreads over a section 
about ten miles wide between the Schuylkill and Susquehanna, 


and about fifteen between the latter river and the line of 

The Mezozoic are those of the secondary formation, and 
containing evidences of plant and animal existence in what is re- 
garded as the second age of life. These rocks are conglomerate 
sandstone, slate, and shale, their predominating color being red 
or rusty gray, — hence the alternative name given the belt which 
they characterize, — the New Red Sandstone. 

Prof. J, P. Lesley, State Geologist of Pennsylvania, — chief, 
for many years, of the " Second Geological Survey of Pennsyl- 
vania," — sends me these notes on the geology of Gwynedd : 

" In Bucks and Montgomery counties, the geology of the 
southern belt has been well worked up. But the rest of both 
counties contains but one monotonous formation, that of the 
Mezozoic red sandstone and shale, the rocks all dipping one way, 
and containing no minerals of any value, — only building stone 
and trap dykes. Gwynedd township is situated in the lower 
part of this great formation. The geology is exceedingly simple ; 
but a local geologist in any township might find a few fossils by 
long and laborious search. 

" In Gwynedd, the most interesting point is a small trap dyke 
which was cut in the body of the hills through which the North 
Pennsylvania railroad tunnel was driven. The next most interest- 
ing point is the fact of the presence of a plant bed similar to that 
cut by the Phoenixville tunnel. No connection between them 
has yet been established, but they may very well be the same. 

1 It may be suggested that this is the region of the German farmers of Pennsylvania, 
— the "High Dutch" Palatinates, — Lutherans and German Reformed; and the 
explanation of the fact that they chiefly hold these red-rock lands would involve a 
curious study of the characteristics of the varied nationalities that have peopled 
south-eastern Pennsylvania. Broadly speaking, the German farmers have held this 
region, and gradually bought out other nationalities, because of their closer economy in 
agricultural methods, and their contentment vi^ith smaller returns. 

GEOLOGY OF 77//: TOWNS! I IP. 1 3 

" Whether this trap be connected — underground — with the 
trap of Bowman's hill, south of Lambert vi lie, on the Delaware ; 
or whether it be in any way connected with the great fault of 
Barrville, Greenville, and Centre, east of Doylcstown, is not 
known. This last fault brings up [in Bucks county] the lime- 
stone floor, on which the Mezozoic rocks repose ; how deep this 
floor lies under Gwynedd township is a problem, but it must be 
at least one or two thousand feet. 

" This is absolutely all the geology of Gwynedd that can be 
generally stated. No region can be more barren of general 
geological interest. But there are special problems of high 
scientific interest to be settled by special local work." 

Prof. H. Carvill Lewis, of Philadelphia, who has made im- 
portant studies in the geology of south-eastern Pennsylvania, 
has been particularly attracted by the plant bed opened in the 
tunnel referred to by Professor Lesley. In a letter, March 14th, 
1884, he says: "I have recently obtained quite a number of 
fossils, both shells and plants, from the railroad cut at Gwynedd, 
and find some of them identical with those occurring in a certain 
plant bed on the Schuylkill above Phoenixville. There are three 
fossil horizons near Phoenixville — the bone bed in the old tunnel, 
the plant bed in some old quarries near the north end of the old 
tunnel, and the shell bed at the lower end of the tunnel. The 
latter lies probably one thousand feet below the others. I 
believe the plant bed to be identical with that at Gwynedd. 
Fossil foot-marks of turtles occur in this bed at Phoenixville ; at 
Gwynedd there occur stems of calamites, seeds of a land plant, 
marine fucoids, foot-prints, minute shells of a species of Posidonia, 
etc., showing as at Phoenixville a commingling of fresh water 
and marine organisms. The theory that the Triassic deposit was 
made by a great north-east flowing river, which, in the neigh- 
borhood of Phoenixville, widened to become a marine estuan. 


emptying into the ocean near the mouth of the Hudson, is con- 
firmed by my recent investigations.^ Both sides of the deposit 
are bounded by a conglomerate, representing the pebbly beach." 

In the lower end of the township the soil is more or less 
sandy ; the clay loam lies above the line of the Spring-House, 
Southward from this place, on the low ridge along the road to 
Penllyn, and down the turnpike toward Philadelphia, there are 
banks of good building sand, from whose quarries supplies have 
been drawn for local use, during many years. But in contrast 
with this, the flat lands near North Wales (distant from these 
sand pits, say 3 )^ miles), have a bed of good clay from which 
bricks for building purposes have been and are still (1884) made ; 
and even along the southern slope of the Treweryn, less than a 
mile from the Spring-House, enough clay was found, some 
twenty-five years ago, to warrant the erection of a kiln, and the 
burning of bricks.^ 

The building stone from the quarries of the township vary in 
quality. The best of them have been freely used in dwellings, 
bridges, and other structures. The fault of the red rocks 
usually is their soft and shaley nature, which will not withstand 
the influences of air and moisture ; but care in selecting the 
hardest generally secures a satisfactory wall. 

1 This is a bold and striking theory. The " Triassic deposit " of which Prof. Lewis, 
speaks is, in other words, the " belt " of Mezozoic or red rocks ; and the explanation that 
they are simply the deposit of a gigantic river, rising probably in North Carolina, and 
flowing north-east to the great sea, above New York city, is a remarkable chapter in 
modem geological research. Assuming the truth of the theory, nearly the whole of 
Gwynedd lay in this great river, whose shore ran along the south-eastern border of the 

[Since the issue of the original edition. Prof. Lewis has died, having achieved for 
himself a high repute in science. In 1885, being then professor of geology in Haverford 
College, he went to Europe to prosecute his geological studies, and died in Englard. 
His early death was a cause for general regret. His wife (see Foulke Genealogy /(JjA) 
was the daughter of William Parker Foulke, and a descendant of Edward Foulke, the 
immigrant. — Note, i8q6^ 

2 This kiln was built by Robert Scarlett, on his field near " Brushtown," by the road 
that leads southwest from the toll-gate. It was abandoned after a few years' use. 


Traces of the Indians. 

OF those inhabitants of Gwynedd, few or many, who were 
here before the Welsh settlers came, we know but little. 
They have left us but few evidences of their occupancy. That 
the place was not entirely a solitude is proved by the discovery, 
here and there, of some of the stone implements and weapons 
such as it is known the Indians used. These, however, are 
comparatively rare, and though I cannot claim to have made a 
thorough examination or inquiry concerning every part of the 
township, yet I feel safe in saying that the aboriginal remains in 
Gwynedd are only sufficient to show that the place was visited 
by the Indians, and may have been, at times, occupied by small 
numbers of them. This, indeed, might be predicted of the 
place from a knowledge of its situation and natural features. 
The Indians of south-eastern Pennsylvania were not a large body 
of people, and they did not make their homes in the high 
grounds, but in the lower, along the large streams, and where 
fertile, open spaces made it easy to plant their crops. But 
Gwynedd would have been a place resorted to by hunting 
parties, and occupied occasionally, or even permanently, by a 
band under some minor chief. The arrow-heads and other 
objects that have been found in certain places suggest the latter ; 
they indicate by their number more than a passing chase, or 
even a brief stay at that point. 

Of record evidence, concerning the Indians in Gwynedd, 
there is next to nothingf. I have met with but one allusion in 


print which is worth attention. In the memorial of Gwynedd 
Monthly Meeting concerning Ellen Evans, wife of John (son of 
Cadwallader the immigrant), who died in 1765, it is recorded 
that she " delighted to converse with our uninstructed Indians 
about their sentiments of the Supreme Being ; and often said 
she * discovered evident traces of divine goodness in their un- 
cultivated minds.' " 

Nor are the traditions concerning them very numerous. 
One of the most interesting is that of the Indians who brought 
coal to the smith's shop, where Mumbower's mill now stands, 
on the Wissahickon. The story is this : This mill property 
was owned from 1777 to 1794 by Samuel Wheeler, a black- 
smith, and apparently something of a cutler and tool maker. 
(It is said that he made swords during the Revolutionary 
time.) To his shop there came, one day, some Indians who 
wanted repairs made to a gun. Wheeler said he could not 
make them, as he had no coal, when an Indian, departing for 
a short time, returned, bringing with him enough coal for the 
purpose. This tradition is ascribed to a daughter of Wheeler, 
a Mrs. Johnson, of Germantown, who many years afterward 
used to occasionally visit Gwynedd. (The question with 
Wheeler was as to the place where the Indians got the coal, 
but it had doubtless been brought from a distance, probably 
the upper Schuylkill.) 

Mrs. Shelve, the mother of Mrs. John B. Johnson, who 
died at a very advanced age, say thirty years ago, spoke of the 
time " when the Indians went away " from the neighborhood, 
and said that one of them, an old woman, stayed behind and 
continued to live, by herself, in a hut or " wigwam," in what was 
known, in later times, as the " back woods " on Johnson's farm. 

Mr. Mathews, in his articles on Gwynedd, says that in the 
eastern corner of Thomas Layman's farm, half a mile southwest 


of North Wales, there have been and may be found a great 
number of arrow-heads and other Indian relics. " Tradition 
relates that here was the scene of a battle between two hostile 
tribes of Indians, in which the missiles of destruction flew 
thick and fast." 

The same idea of a battle has been formed concerning a 
locality on the Treweryn, near Ellen Evans's. David C. Land, 
who has made a collection of Indian relics, says he found many, 
including axes, spear-heads, and arrow-heads, at this place, and 
he thought the presence of so large a number indicated a hostile 

But it is natural that the stone relics should be found along or 
near the streams. There is where the Indians would fix their 
lodges, convenient for fishing, and also to utilize a sunny open 
space for their corn-fields. And in such a place, after they had 
thus been encamped for a season or a longer time, their arrow- 
and spear-heads, etc., would naturally be discovered. John 
Bowman says that he found many arrow-heads and some other 
relics in the meadow along the run, east of his father's house ; 
and on the Treweryn, Thomas Scarlett found an axe, " with a 
hole neatly drilled through it," the finest axe, I am told, dis- 
covered in the township. 

EUwood Roberts, now of Norristown, but for several years a 
resident on the State road, just up the hill westward from the 
Wissahickon, made quite a collection of arrow-heads, spear- 
heads, etc., picked up on the fields in the vicinity. He has 
kindly furnished me drawings and descriptions of several 
specimens. One is a hammer, which he thinks may have been 
used " in fashioning the flint implements, by pounding on a rude 
knife of bone or horn." His arrow-heads are mostly white flint ; 
one spear-head is jasper. Some articles that were found, he says, 
were unfortunately not preserved ; " among the rest I remember 


a small fragment of stone hollowed out, no doubt part of a 
mortar used for pounding hominy in. I also have a dim recol- 
lection of a stone that had been used as the pestle." All these 
objects, Ellwood says, " were found on the upland, near the house 
in which I lived," and not along the creek in the meadows ; but 
he adds : " I have always believed, from certain indications, that 
the right bank of the Wissahickon, just above the State road, 
where ' the old fulling mill ' formerly stood, is rich in such re- 
mains, but as it has not been plowed within my recollection, I 
have had no opportunity of verifying my conclusions." 

Charles L. Preston has shown me some arrow-heads and 
other relics. They were to be found, he says, in plowing 
the fields of the Foulke estate (Dr. Antrim's) near the 
meeting-house. David C. Land gave an axe, found along the 
Treweryn, to the son of the author ; and John Bowman gave 
me a curious implement, in form something like an axe, but 
with a point, rather than sharp edge, and one end ground off 
obliquely, and with perfect smoothness, near the grooved place 
where the handle has been fitted. John also had a round pestle, 
such as was used by the squaws for pounding corn in the mortar. 
Charles F. Jenkins, besides the axe given him, as stated, has a 
small collection of other objects, mostly arrow-heads. Some of 
these are very perfect. Usually they are flint, but one is a fine 
jasper, and one is of the softer bluish gray stone found in the 
township. Prof Brunner,^ of North Wales, describes to me two 
arrow-heads, found by Benjamin Bertolet, in 1889, in a field 
adjoining the Stony Creek Railroad, on the farm now owned by 
Seth Lukens (formerly the Pope farm). One of these is a white 
flint, and the other is a flint of greenish tinge. 

1 I wrote to Prof. Brunner concerning the collection of Indian relics at his Academy 
(belonging to Dr. Slifer), but none of them were certainly known to have been found in 


It will be seen from the details I have given ' that the Indian 
relics of the township are moderately numerous, and found in all 
parts of it, but more frequently along the streams ; and that they 
are such as have been studied and classified by collectors in other 
parts of south-eastern Pennsylvania^ — the general habitat of 
the tribes to whom such Indians as were hunters, or visitors, or 
dwellers in Gwynedd belonged. The list includes arrow-heads 
for the chase, or for war; the larger " spear-heads," which may 
have been used as weapons, or as knives for skinning animals, 
cutting up their flesh, etc. ; the heavy flat axes, grooved around 
for the reception of thongs or strips of hide which attached it to 
the handle ; the other axes, more round than flat, which may 
have been used to gouge out the charred interior of a tree, set 
on fire to cause its fall, or make it available as a boat, — and in- 
deed for many other purposes ; the mortars and pestles for 
pounding corn ; and perhaps some others. I have seen no bone 
relics, nor any of pottery, found in the township. 

I conclude my notes on the subject with some details 
furnished me by my friend Hugh Foulke, concerning an inter- 
esting locality, associated with the Indians by tradition. In a 
letter, written in the autumn of 1883, he says : " More than fifty 
years ago, my father took me to Yocum's woods, and pointed out 
a clearing of perhaps half an acre, which he told me was called 
'the Indian Garden.' I afterwards visited it several times. It 

' As it is more than likely that collections of relics found in the township have not 
come to my attention, I can only say that I printed communications in the newspapers 
at North Wales and Norristown, asking information, concerning the subject, to which I 
received one reply, — that of Elwood Roberts. But whatever else there may be doubtless 
is of the same general sort as those described, and therefore of no special importance as 
increasing our knowledge of the subject. 

' A very intelligent and thorough study of the subject, with a great number of 
engravings showing the different forms of Indian relics, will be found in Prof. D. B. 
Brunner's work (Reading: 1881), "The Indians of Berks County." He substantially 
disposes of the subject, within reasonable limits, for all south-eastern Pennsylvania. 


then impressed me as something quite phenomenal, being entirely- 
free from underbushes, or any other growth, save the monotonous 
furze grass which one sees on poor worn-out land. As I re- 
member, it was a perfect square of about half an acre, and was 
surrounded by dense woods. I think it is about half a mile 
from the Spring-House, and in a direction a little west of north. 
From it the ground descends to the Treweryn, which is a few 
rods distant. It was not far from the lands of Jacob Danenhower 
(now George H.), Peter Lukens, and Wm. Buzby ; but I think it 
belonged to Reuben Yocum." 


The Arrival of the Welsh Settlers. 

nnWO Welsh farmers, William John and Thomas ap Evan,^ 
representatives of a company of friends and neighbors in 
Wales who had decided to emigrate to Pennsylvania, were in 
Philadelphia at the end of the year 1697.^ Their presence there 
was due to a series of circumstances. Fourteen years before 
the great " Welsh Tract " of forty thousand acres, on the west 
bank of the Schuylkill, embracing what is now the townships 
of Lower Merion, Haverford, and Radnor, had been bought and 
in time . occupied ^ by Welsh people, many of them from the 
northern counties of Wales — principally Merionethshire, Denbigh- 
shire. Montgomeryshire, and Flintshire. This large body of 
immigrants, containing many persons of character, and quite a 
number of considerable means and cultivation, had prospered in 
the new colony. The "Welsh Tract," wisely located, including 
much fertile land, near to the markets of Penn's quickly rising 

1 Seethe Thomas Evans patent, which calls them " yeomen." 
* In February, which was then (" Old Style ") the last month of the year. 
' " This intended barony had its origin in the desire of the Welsh purchasers of 
Pennsylvania lands to be seated together, and in a promise exacted from Penn before 
leaving Wales that this desire should be gratified." — Smith's His. Del. Co. Penn's 
warrant to Thomas Holme, Surveyor General, directing him " to lay out y* s"* tract of 
land in as uniform a manner as conveniently may be, upon y® West side of Skoolkill 
river, running three miles upon y* same & two miles backward, & then extend y' parallel 
with y« river six miles, and to run westwardly so far as till y« s* quantity of land be 
Compleately surveyed to y™," was dated at Pennsbury, ist mo. 13th, 1684. David 
Powell, a Welshman, whom we shall meet in Gwynedd, was sent by Holme to do the 
field work of the surveys, beginning in April of that year. 


city on the Delaware, became in ten years after its purchase 
populous and attractive. 

The records of the Friends' meetings at Merion, Haverford 
and Radnor show the extensive communication between the 
settlers on this Tract, and their friends and kindred in the old 
country, between 1684 and 1698. Many new comers brought 
certificates from home, and several who were here went back on 
different errands. Undoubtedly, there was much said and 
thought, amongst the Welsh highlands, of the settlement on the 
Schuylkill. "Now I return," says Samuel Smith, in his History 
of Pennsylvania, 

' ' to give some account of the Welsh settlers. Those that were already 
arrived were of the stock of the ancient Britons. They came chiefly from 
Merrioneth Shire, North Wales, in Great Britain, being mostly relations 
and neighbors in their own country, several of them being tenants and 
having great families. They had heard a good report of Pennsylvania, 
that lands were cheap, taxes light, clear from oppression as to Tythes and 
church rates, and most of them were religious men, of good report in their 
own country. About this time, Hugh Roberts, a zealous minister among 
the Quakers, of whom we have seen some mention before, went from 
Pennsylvania to visit Wales, his native country, and had a successful visit 
to the end of his mission and greatly to the satisfaction of his country-folks, 
who held him in great esteem." 

This visit of Hugh Roberts to his old home was in the year 
1697, and to it we may ascribe, largely, the migration of the 
Welsh company who found their new homes in Gwynedd. 
Hugh Roberts commanded a large influence among the Welsh 
Friends. Joining them early, suffering persecution with them, 
he was a preacher of considerable power, and a man of activity 
and energy,^ and he appears to have had more than an average 
share of wealth. Having come to Merion with the first 

1 " He was a man of much enthusiasm, — ' a Hve man,' as would be said in these 
days, — and his journals and letters abound with evidences of it." — Dr. James J. Levick's 
paper on the Merion Friends, in Penna. Magazine, Ao. 15. 


Welsh immigrants, in 1683/ he had bought several tracts of land, 
and had helped much to promote the contentedness and comfort 
of the people. He twice visited Wales, after his first removal, it 
■ being on his second visit that he gathered the Gwynedd company. 
Samuel Smith in his History, already cited, further says : 

" 1698. Several settlers, as we have seen, have already arrived from 
Wales, to Pennsylvania. Hugh Roberts, whom we left on a visit there 
from hence, stayed from this year, when, being about to return, a number 
of the inhabitants of North Wales, who had resolved to return with him. 
having settled their affairs for that purpose, they together in the spring 
sailed from Liverpool in a vessel belonging to Robert Haydock, Ralph 
Wilhams, commander, and touching at Dublin, sailed from thence the first 
of the Third month. 

To the success of the Merion colony, therefore, and to the 
active persuasions of Hugh Roberts, the emigration of the 
Gwynedd company is largely to be ascribed. 

The two " yeomen," William John and Thomas ap Evan, 
were in advance of the main company. They had come to 
select a place, and from this circumstance, as from other evidences, 
we must regard them as the chiefs, so far as business interests 
are concerned, in the Gwynedd settlement. That they preceded 

1 Hugh Roberts and family, of Llanvawr parish, Merionethshire, brought their cer- 
tificate, dated sth mo. 2d, 1683, from Penllyn monthly meeting, to Friends in Pennsyl- 
vania. On his return from his second visit home, he brought a certificate from the meet- 
ing at Llyn Braner, dated ist mo. i6th, 1697-8. In 1695 he and Joseph Kirkbride, of Bucks 
county, went on a religious visit to New England, they being the first from Pennsylvania 
who had preached there, except John Delavall and Jacob Telner, in 1692. It was on 
another visit of the sort that he (H.R.) died, on Long Island, at the house of John 
Rodman, in the 6th mo. (August), 1702. His will, which is dated the 25th of the pre- 
ceding month, shows his large ownership of property. He divided it amongst his three 
sons, Robert, Owen, and Edward, the last named receiving his home plantation, in 
Merion, 200 acres, "called Chestnut Hill." The will mentions other tracts — one of 
HOC acres " at Goshen," and one of 400 acres, " that was Jos. Claypoole"s." It was a 
part of his original purchase in Merion that, having passed from his son Edward, ini72i, 
to the George family, was in 1867 given to the City of Philadelphia by Joseph and 
Rebecca George, and is now the beautiful part of Fairmount Park known as " George's 
Hill." His son Robert removed to Maryland; Owen and Edward were prominent 
citizens, the latter a merchant in Philadelphia, and Mayor of that city, 1739-40. 


the other immigrants, to choose land, was according to the habit 
of the Welsh. Speaking of Rowland Ellis, of Merion, Proud 
says in his History : 

" In 1682, he sent over Thomas Owen and his family to make a settle- 
ment. This was the custom of divers others of the Welsh, at first, to send 
persons over to take up lands for them, and to prepare it against their 
coming afterward." 

How much examination the two agents gave to the land 
offered them before they made a selection is not known. There 
is no distinct evidence that they ever saw the Gwynedd tract, be- 
fore purchasing it, but we may presume they did. That they 
rode up from Philadelphia for the purpose, — or, possibly came 
across from Merion, with some friend and guide, — is a reasonable 
presumption. There is a tradition that they passed through 
Whitemarsh, but declined to buy there because the heavy timber 
on the limestone lands of that township would make the labor of 
clearing too severe.^ But while it may easily be that they looked 
at Whitemarsh, this explanation of a choice elsewhere seems 
questionable ; as a matter of fact, the Gwynedd lands were 
heavily timbered, as the descriptions by metes and bounds of the 
several tracts show. I can easily see strong reasons, entirely 
aside from this, why a purchase in Whitemarsh would not suit : 
in that township prices of land had already risen, and there 
remained no large undivided tract, such as the Welsh party re- 
quired. They desired to settle together, and therefore would 
wish to buy an extensive and compact body of land. 

The land at Gwynedd was owned by Robert Turner, of 
Philadelphia. How it happened to be his is fully recited in the 
confirmed titles which the settlers subsequently acquired by 
patents from William Penn, in 1702, and though it cumbers this 
chapter, and interrupts my narrative, I think it best to present at 

' See Wm. A. Yeakle's Historical Papers on Wliitemarsh. The tradition was pre- 
served by the late Benjamin Jones, son-in-law of John Wilson. 


this point the full text of one of these confirmatory patents, — 
that to Thomas Evan, or Evans. It is as follows : 

^I9)tntdttt ^ Clltl true and Absolute Proprietary and Governor 
in chief of the Proviance of Pennsylvania and Territories thereunto 

To all to whom these presents shall come Greeting — 

Whereas by my Indenture of Lease and Release bearing date the two 
and twentieth and three and twentieth days of March in the Year One 
thousand Six hundred and Eighty-one, for the consideration therein 
mentioned, I granted to Robert Turner his heirs and Assigns Five thousand 
Acres of land in this Proviance under the Yearly quitrent of One Shilling 
Sterling for Every hundred acres forever and by my Indenture bearing date 
the fifteenth day of August in the Year one thousand Six hundred and 
Eighty-two for the Consideration herein mentioned I released to the said 
Robert Turner his heirs and Assigns forty-five Shillings Sterling part of the 
said yearly Rent, to the End that five shiUings only should remain and be 
paid Yearly for the said Five thousand Acres for Ever ; 

And Whereas by Severall Like Indentures of Lease and Release 
bearing date therein mentioned I granted to John Gee of the Kingdom of 
Ireland his heirs and assigns Two thousand five hundred acres, to Joseph 
Fuller of the said Kingdom his heirs and Assigns Twelve hundred and fift)^ 
Acres, and to Jacob Fuller also of the said Kingdom Twelve hundred and 
fifty Acres, being in the whole Five thousand Acres under the Yearly 
quitrent of one ShiUing Sterling for Every hundred Acres thereof forever, 
which said last recited severall parcells of Two thousand five hundred 
Acres, Twelve hundred and fifty Acres, and Twelve hundred and fifty acres 
the said John Gee, Joseph Fuller and Jacob Fuller by Several Indentures of 
Lease and Release duly Executed did grant and make over to the said 
Robert Turner his heirs and Assigns To hold to the said Robert his heirs 
and Assigns forever, By which said severall hereinbefore recited Indentures 
the said Robert became Invested with a right to Ten thousand Acres of 
Land in the said Province, part of which being laid out in several parts 
thereof the remainder and full Compliment of the said quantity, being 
Seven thousand Eight hundred and twenty Acres, was laid out by Virtue of 
several warrants from myself in one tract in the County of Philadelphia in 
the said Proviance ; And Whereas the said Robert Turner by his Deed 
poll duly Executed bearing date the tenth day of the first Month March 


One thousand Six hundred and Ninety-Eight, for the Consideration 
herein specified did grant and convey the whole Seven thousand Eight 
hundred and twenty Acres of land to William John and Thomas Evan both 
of the County of Philadelphia, Yeomen, to hold to them their heirs and 
assigns forever a certain part of which Seven thousand Eight hundred and 
twenty Acres of land Reputed to contain Seven hundred acres of land in 
the actual possession of the said Thomas Evan then being, was Resurveyed 
by Virtue of a general warrant from my now Commissioners of Property 
bearing date the Nine and twentieth day of September last past and found 
to be situate and bounded and Containing as follows viz. : Situate in the 
Township of Gwinned in the County of Philadelphia Beginning at a stake 
standing at the Corner of Edward ap Hughs land from thence running by 
a line of Marked trees South East two hundred perches to a corner, Marked 
hickery tree growing at the corner of the Land of Cadwallder ap Evan, 
from thence running by a line of Marked trees by the said land of 
Cadwallder ap Evan and the land of Robert ap Evan South forty-four 
degrees and a half West Nine hundred perches to a corner Marked hickery 
tree, from thence running North west one hundred and Seventy-six perches 
to a Marked tree growing at the corner of Robert Johns Land, from thence 
running by the said Land of Robert John and the said Edward ap Hughs 
land North forty-three degrees and a half East Nine hundred perches to the 
first Mentioned Corner Stake, being the place of beginning. Containing 
one thousand and forty-nine Acres, to Seven hundred acres whereof the 
said Thomas Evan having a right as aforesaid and seventy acres more being 
allowed in measure, and requesting to purchase of me the remaining two 
hundred and Seventy-nine acres and thereupon a confirmation of the whole 
One thousand and forty-nine acres of land at the Yearly quitrent of one 
English Silver Shilling for ever under my great Seal of the said Proviance. 

SCnom ^c that as well in Consideration of the severall hereinbefore 
recited grants and conveyances as of the sum of Sixty-one pounds Eight 
pence three farthings Silver money of the said proviance to my use paid 
by the said Thomas Evan for the purchase of the Two hundred and Sevent)- 
nine acres and for Redeming the quitrent as aforesaid, and in full of all 
arrears of quitrent for the said one thousand and forty-nine acres to the 
first day of this instant first Month called March the Receipt of which 
Sixty-one pounds Eight pence three farthings I doe hereby acknowledge 
and thereof and of every part and parcell thereof I doe acquitt, release 


and by these presents forever discharge the said Thomas Evan his heirs, 
Executors and Administrators, I have given granted released and Con- 
firmed and by these presents for me my heirs and successors do give grant 
release and confirm unto the said Thomas Evan his heirs and assigns for- 
ever All that the said one thousand and forty-nine Acres of Land as the 
same is now set forth bounded and limited as aforesaid with all Mines 
Minerals, quarries Meadows pastures Marshes Swamps Cripples Savannas 
Woods under- woods Timber and Trees, Ways passages Yards Houses 
Edifices Buildings Improvements, Waters, Water Courses Liberties Prof- 
fets Comodoties Advantages Hereditaments and Appurtenances whatsoever 
to the said One thousand forty-nine acres of Land as to any part or par- 
cell thereof belonging or in any wise appertaining and Lying within the 
bounds and limits aforesaid, and also all free leave right and Liberty to 
and for the said Thomas Evan his heirs and assigns to Hawk Hunt Fish 
and Fowle in and upon the hereby granted land and Premises or upon any 
part thereof (three full and cleer fifth parts of all Royal Mines free from 
deductions and Reprisalls for diging and refining the same only Excepted 
and hereby reserved) ; 

To HAVE AND TO HOLD the said one thousand and forty-nine acres of 
Land and all and singular other the premises hereby granted with their 
and Every of their appurtenances (Except before excepted) to the said 
Thomas Evan his heirs and assigns to the only proper use and behoof of 
the said Thomas Evan his heirs and assigns forever. To be holden of me 
my heirs and Successory Proprietaries of Pennsylvania as of our Manor or 
reputed Manor of Springetsbury in the said County of Philadelphia in free 
and Common Succage by fealty only in Lieu of all other services, Yealding 
and paying therefor Yearly from the first day of this instant first Month 
called March to me my heirs and successors at or upon the first day of 
the first Month called March in Every Year forever thereafter at Philadelphia 
one English Silver Shilling or value thereof in Coyn Currant to such 
person or persons as shall be appointed from time to time to receive 
the same. 

In Witness 1 have (by Virtue of My Commission to my Proprietary- 
Deputies hereinafter named for the said Proviance and Territories bearing 
date the Eight and twentieth day of October which was in the Year of 
our Lord One thousand Seven hundred and one) Caused my great Seal 
of the Proviance to be affixed hereunto. 

Witness Edward Shippen Griffith Owen Thomas Ston,- and J^mes 


Logan my said Deputies or any three of them at Philadelphia the 
Eighth day of the first Month called March in the Second Year of the 
Reign of our Soverayn Queen Ann of England &c. and the three and 
twentieth of my Government Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred 

and two. 

Edward Shippen Griffith Owen 
Thomas Story James Logan 

[Recorded the 26th ist Mo., 1703] 

It will be seen that Robert Turner had acquired his title to 
the lands which we are considering as the net result of several 
purchases of rights to locate, and that he was presumed to have 
in the tract no more than 7820 acres. On Holme's " Map of 
Original Surveys," the drafts of which were begun about 168 1, 
but which were continued and added to, for some time afterward, 
the locality of Gwynedd is shown divided lengthwise about 
equally, the north-eastern half being marked "John Gee & 
Company," and the lower, or south-western, " Robert Turner." 
At the time, therefore, when this part of the map was made, the 
transactions between Gee and Turner, by which, as recited in 
the patent, the latter acquired the entire title, had not been com- 
pleted ; and at what date their completion was effected is left 
uncertain. But it was before 1698 ; when the two Welshmen, 
in Philadelphia, were seeking for land. Turner's large and com- 
pact tract drew their attention, and he, doubtless, having waited 
a good while for a purchaser, cheerfully bargained with them.^ 

1 Robert Turner was a prominent man in the early history of Pennsylvania. He 
came here about 1682, and died in 1701 Before coming he was a merchant in 
Dublin, and it was to him that Penn addressed the letter from London in March, 
1681, in which he announces the final granting of the patent for the Province: 

" Thine I have, and for my business here know that after many waitings, watch- 
ings, solicitings, and disputes in council, this day my country was confirmed to me 
under the great seal of England, with large powers and privileges, by the name of 
Pennsylvania, — a name the King would give it in honor of my father. I chose New 
Wales, being, as this, a pretty hilly country, but Penn being Welsh for a " head," 
as Penmanmoir, in Wales, and Penrith, in Cumberland, and Penn, in Buckingham- 


The title of Turner was passed to John and Evans, as appears 
by the recital in the patent, on the lothof First month [March], 
1698. No doubt they entered immediately into possession, but 
as to this we have no certain knowledge. The most definite ac- 
count we have of the time when the settlers actually entered 
upon their lands, is that given by Edward Foulke, — which I 
shall quote in full, later, — and he was one of the main company 
of immigrants, who did not reach Philadelphia until July. (On 
March loth they had not set out from their homes in Wales. 
It was the 3d of the month following that Edward and his family 
left Coed-y-foel, to take the ship at Liverpool.) 

But it is fair to presume that the two representatives lost 
no time in repairing to their purchase. It was a wooded 
upland. The timber was well grown, — oaks, hickories, chest- 
nuts the most conspicuous and useful. Of Indians, there were 
few, if any. Of neighbors there were some in the township be- 
low, but none in those beyond Gwynedd. Horsham had been 
taken up soon after Penn's lirst visit, and Upper Dublin received 
some settlers a little later. In Whitpain, the family of that name 
had located as early as 1685, and other settlers in the interval. 

shire, the highest land in England, called this Pennsylvania, which is the high or 
head woodlands ; for I proposed, when the Secretary, a Welshman, refused to have 
it New Wales, Sylvania, and they added Penn to it, — " etc — See letter at length in 
Janney's Life of Penn. 

Robert Turner was one of the Quaker Company (which included William Penn) 
that purchased East Jersey in 1681-82, from the estate of Sir George Carteret, and 
as the Pennsylvania undertaking was largely the outgrowth of that in New Jersey, 
he was, no doubt, one of of Penn s intimate business friends. He was an active 
man in Philadelphia, and built, it is said, the first brick house in the city, at the 
south-western corner of Front and Mulberry streets. From 1687 to 1689 he was 
one of the Commissioners for Penn who carried on the government of the Province, 
and from 1686 to 1694, and again in 1700-1701, he was one of the Proviacial 
Council. He was also a justice of the peace, and a commissioner of property. 
In the controversy between the Friends and George Keith, he, for a while, sup- 
ported the latter. He left two daughters, from whom numerous Philadelphia families 
trace a line of descent — the Learnings, Rawles, Colemans, Pembertons, Fishers and 


But Montgomery, Hatfield, and Towamensing were unoccupied, 
and the Welshmen, as they began to ply their axes, waked the 
echoes of the undisturbed wilderness. They were on the 
frontier of civilization, at this part of the line. 

The main company of immigrants sailed from Liverpool on 
the 1 8th of April. Their ship was the Robert mid Elizabeth, its 
master Ralph Williams, its owner Robert Haydock, of Liver- 
pool. They touched at Dublin, before proceeding on their 
voyage, and it was not until the ist of May, that they 
finally spread the ship's sails for the new world. Precisely 
who were on board, besides Edward Foulke and his family, 
it is unsafe to say, but Hugh Roberts, returning from his 
visit, was with the company, and it is safe, undoubtedly, 
to regard the three brothers of Thomas Evans, — Robert, 
Owen, and Cadwallader, — Hugh Griffith, John Hugh, and 
John Humphrey, with their families, as of the number. As 
to the others who are known to have been first settlers, we can 
only suppose them to have been aboard this particular ship be- 
cause the company is commonly spoken of by all authorities as 
coming together ; and I expressly reserve Robert John from the 
list, because I think it extremely probable that he was first a 
settler in Merion.^ 

Forty-five of the passengers, — a very large part, doubtless, 
of the whole number, — and three of the sailors, died of 
dysentery.^ It was not until the 17th of July,^ eleven weeks to a 
day after they had left Dublin, and fifteen after starting from their 

1 My reasons for this opinion, though they are not conclusive, will be stated 
farther on. 

* Smith's History of Pennsylvania makes this statement ; Edward Foulke does not 
mention the three sailors. 

* Smith, who is followed by Proud, says the 7th of July ; but Edward Foulke, 
mentioning the 17th, adds,' "We were eleven weeks at sea," which fixes the latter 


homes in Wales, that they reached port in Philadelphia, and set 
foot in the land of their adoption. Edward Foulke's narrative 
shows that they were kindly received, as we feel sure they would 
be, by the Welsh settlers who already were settled here ; and 
the women and children found homes for several weeks among 
old friends or kinsfolk in Philadelphia, or at Merion, until the 
men had prepared shelter, and laid in food for the winter.' It 
was " at the beginning of November," that Edward Foulke says 
he " settled " in his new home, and " divers others of our com- 
pany, who came over sea with us settled near us at the same 
time." This is explicit enough ; the interval from the middle of 
July to the beginning of November had been occupied in the 
erection of houses, and probably the gathering of such crops as 
had been planted by William John and Thomas Evans, after 
getting possession in the spring. Something might have been 
done, indeed, by the settlers, after their arrival in July, to secure 
provisions for winter. They could have made a crop of buck- 
wheat,^ and they could have saved some forage for their cattle 
from the natural meadows along the streams. In August the 
blackberries would be ripe, and later the chicken- and fox-grapes, 
the chestnuts, shellbarks, and walnuts. But their great depend- 
ence, naturally, was of two sorts ; the crop of Indian corn, such 
as it might be, which William John and Thomas Evans had pro- 

1 Smith's account is this : " Shortly after they got out to sea the bloody flux began 
among the passengers, and proved very mortal, forty-five of them and three sailors, 
having died before their arrival at Philadelphia, which was not till the seventh of Fifth 
month following. When arrived they met with a kind reception, not only from their 
relations and acquaintenances that were in the country before, but from others who 
were the more strangers to them in that they understood not their language, so that it 
then appeared to them that Christian love presided even among those of different 
speech and profession, for they were not now many of them of those called Quakers." 

' The Swedish settlers who preceded the Welsh, raised buckwheat here, and their 
habit was to sow it about the end of July. Early in August turnips could be sown, but 
they were not much raised, Acrelius says, even as late as 1750. 


cured to be planted ; and the supplies of food secured from the 
settlers in adjoining townships. Nor can we doubt that their 
old countrymen west of the Schuylkill gave them liberal aid, 
without money and without price. To have failed in this would 
have made them unworthy the name of Welshmen. 


Edward Foulke^s Narrative of his Removal. 

FOUR years after the arrival of the settlers, Edward Foulke 
wrote, in Welsh, an account of his removal. This, 
translated into English many years later, by his grandson, 
Samuel Foulke, of Richland,^ is a unique document. It is the 
only account of this immigration known to exist, written by one 
of the Gwynedd company, and it is more circumstantial and 
precise than almost any other referring to any of the Welsh 
settlers in Pennsylvania. Many copies of it are in existence, 
and it has been three or four times printed. No version of it 
within my knowledge differs materially from any other as to 
essential facts, but there are slight differences among different 
copies in the genealogical accounts which it presents. The copy 
here used is from that preserved by the late William Parker 
Foulke, of Philadelphia, as follows : 

A brief Genealogy of Edward Foulke, with an account of his 
family and their removal from Great Britain to Pennsyl- 
vania, written by Imnself, originally in British? 

" I, Edward Foulke, was the son of Foulke, ap Thomas, ap Evan, 
ap Thomas, ap Robert, ap David Lloyd, ap David, ap Evan Vaughan 
(ap Evan), ap Griffith, ap Madoc, ap Jerwert, ap Madoc, ap Ririd 
Flaidd,^ Lord of Penllyn, who dwelt at Rhiwaedog. 

iWho was a member of the Colonial Assembly, 1761-68. See data concerning 
him, in this volume. 

2 This introduction was added, no doubt, by "Samuel Foulke, upon making the 
translation into English. 

* This name, in the old copies of the narrative that I have seen, is generally given 
as Ririd Blaidd, which is an error. Rhirid Flaidd was a well-known figure in Welsh 
history, and is strictly identified with the person meant by Edward Foulke, by the fact 
that he was " Lord of Penllyn." See/>osi. 


"My mother's name was Lowry, the daughter of Edward, ap David, 
ap Ellis, ap Robert, of the Parish of Llanvor in Merionethshire. 

" I was born on the 13th of 5th month, 1651, and when arrived at 
mature age, I married Eleanor the daughter of Hugh, ap Cadwallader, 
ap Rhys, of the Parish of Spytu in Denbighshire ; her mother's name was 
Gwen, the daughter of Ellis, ap William, ap Hugh, ap Thomas, ap David, 
ap Madoc, ap Evan, ap Cott, ap Evan, ap Griffith, ap Madoc, ap Einion, 
ap Meredith of Cai-Fadog ; and (she) was born in the same parish and 
shire with her husband. 

" I had, by my said wife, nine children, whose names are as follows : 
Thomas, Hugh, Cadwallader, and Evan ; Grace, Gwen, Jane, Catherine, 
and Margaret. We lived at a place called Coed-y-foel, a beautiful farm, 
belonging to Roger Price, Esq., of Rhiwlas, Merionethshire, aforesaid. 
But in process of time, 1 had an inclination to remove with my family to 
the province of Pennsylvania ; and, in order thereto, we set out on the 3d 
day of the 2d month, A. D. 1698, and came in two days to Liverpool, 
where, with divers others who intended to go the voyage, we took shipping, 
the 17th of the same month, on board the Robert and Elizabeth, and the 
next day set sail for Ireland, where we arrived, and staid until the first of 
the 3d month, May, and then sailed again for Pennsylvania, and were 
about eleven weeks at sea. And the sore distemper of the bloody flux broke 
out in the vessel, of which died five and forty persons in our passage ; 
the distemper was so mortal that two or three corpses were cast overboard 
every day while it lasted. But through the favor and mercy of Divine 
Providence, I, with my wife and nine children, escaped that sore mortality, 
and arrived safe at Philadelphia, the 17th of the 5th month, July, where we 
were kindly received and hospitably entertained by our friends and old 

"1 soon purchased a fine tract of land of about seven hundred 
acres, sixteen miles from Philadelphia, on a part of which I settled, 
and divers others of our company who came over sea with us, settled 
near me at the same time. This was the beginning of November, 1698, 
aforesaid, and the township was called Gwynedd, or North Wales. 
This account was written the 14th of the iith month (January), A.D. 
1702, by Edward Foulke. Translated from British into English by 
Samuel Foulke." 

Referring to the ancestry mentioned by Edward Foulke, it 



may be remarked that RhiricI Flaidd, " who dwelt at 
Rhiwaedog," is frequently alluded to in the Welsh chronicles of 
the later half of the twelfth century. Details may be con- 
veniently found concerning him and several families of North 
Wales who trace their descent from him, in the Annals and 
Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, ^ 
under the particular chapter devoted to Merionethshire. It says 

(p. 678) : 

"This distinguished man, Lord of Penllyn (a cantref containing five 
parishes north of the Bala Lake), Eifonydd, Pennant, Melangell, and (ilyn, 
in Powis, and, as some say, of eleven towns or trefs in the hundred of 
Oswestry, has been occasionally described, but erroneously, as founder of 
one of the fifteen noble tribes of North Wales. At the same time his 
territories were larger and his influence much more extensive than those 
of several of the founders of noble tribes. He flourished at the time of 
Henry II., and his son Richard I.* Paternally his descent was from 
Cynedda Wledig, but maternally it is alleged that his lineage was Norman, 
his mother being a descendant of Richard Earl of Avranches, by his son 
William, whose brother was Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester. Whether 
Rhirid was called Flaidd (the wolf), from a cognomen of his maternal 
ancestors, or from the possession of a hungry and savage nature, it is not 
easy to say. His eldest son Madoc' had a son, Rhirid Fychan (the 
younger, or the little), who married into the family of Fychan ( Vmeg-han), 
of Nannau, and from him were descended the subsequents Vaughans of 
Nannau and Rhug. From his son David Pothon, who married Cicely, 
daughter of Sir Alexander Myddleton, Lord of Myddelton, in Shropshire, 
the Myddletons of Chirk Castle were descended, retaining the maternal 

[P. 684.] " Vaiighan of LlatiiiwchllyTi. — This family of Vaughan, of 
the sept of Rhirid Flaidd, Lord of Penllyn, were long settled in the parish 
of Llanuwchllyn, probably at Glan-Llynn, on the margin of Bala Lake 
* -x- * * The head of this house in 1588 was Robert Vaughan, Esq. 

1 By Thomas Nicholas, M.A., Ph.D., F. G. S. London : 1872. 

2 This was late in the twelfth century. Henry II. reigned 1154 to 1189, and Richard 
1189 to 1199. 

3 Edward Foulke, it will be observed, traces his line to Madoc. 


His arms according to Divnn, were — Vert, a chevron between three 
wolves' heads erased, arg. — the insignia of Rhirid Flaidd. 

"Edwards of Prysg. — John Edwards, of Prysg, near Llanuwchllyn, 
living in 1588, was of the lineage of Rhirid Flaidd, Lord of Penllyn, in 
the same line ^ * * with the Vaughans of Llanuwchllyn, mentioned 
above. The arms of Edwards of Prysg were those of Rhirid Flaidd, — 
Vert, a chevron between three wolves' heads erased, arg.'' 

[P. 682.] " Rhiwaedog, near Bala, a spot of historic interest by 
reason of the great battle which tradition relates was fought here between 
the Welsh, under Llywarch Hen, the prince-bard, and the Saxons, when 
the a^ed bard lost Cynddelw, the last survivor of twenty-four sons, whose 
sanguinary character gave its name to the place (rhiw, a declivity ; and 
gwaedog, bloody.) It is situated in the narrow and long valley of Hirnant, 
nearly two miles from the Dee, and an equal distance from the mansion of 
Aberhirnant. Rhirid Flaidd is said by Yorke (' Royal Tribes') to have 
dwelt at Rhiwaedog." 

[P. 682.] "While Merionydd was the central and most prominent 
district in these parts, and as such most frequently mentioned, the cantref 
of Penllyn, about the Bala Lake, now forming parts of Merionethshire, was 
also an important lordship, always or mostly under separate government 

* * * * . Penllyn was the patrimony of Rhirid Flaidd, temp. Henry 
H., and continued in his son Madoc and grandson Rhirid Fychan (cor- 
rupted 'Vaughan'), from whom several of the chief old families of 
Merionethshire bearing that name are traced." 

[P. 705.] " Lloyd, John, Esq., of Plas-issaf, Merioiiethshire.'^ * * 

* * , This family derives its descent from Rhirid Flaidd, of Rhiwaedog, 
Lord of Penllyn, from whom are descended the Lloyds of Rhiwaedog, 

* * * * etc." 

Edward Foulke, whatever may have been the relative rank 
and influence of his ancestor Rhirid Flaidd, in the rude age 
when he figured as a local chieftain, was himself a plain Welsh 
farmer, occupying, as he says, the farm of Coed-y-foel, a part 
of the estate of Roger Price,^ of Rhiwlas. This farm is still 
known by that name, and is owned (1883) by Richard J. Lloyd- 

1 His arms are those of Rhirid Flaidd, with a crest added, — a wolf's head erased. 
» He was High Sheriff of Merionethshire, in 1710. 


Price, Esq., of Rhiwlas, a lineal descendant of Roger. Its name 
signifies " the wood of the bare hill," — i. e. a wood around the 
base of a hill whose crown is bare, — and this describes the 
place. It lies along the river Treweryn, in a charming valley, 
on the east side of the stream.^ Rhiwlas is distant a mile, and 
the market-town of Bala about two miles. The Treweryn is a 
considerable stream, coming down from the mountains, north- 
west of Bala, and flowing for several miles east and south through 
a narrow valley between the mountains called, on one side, 
Arenig Vawr (great), and Arenig Bach (little). The parish is 
Llanvor, from which many of the Welsh settlers in Eastern 
Pennsylvania came, and the region, picturesque and romantic, 
is fairly characteristic of northern Wales. Many names near by 
will be recognized by students of the records of immigration that 
came from these parts, — Bala, the town and the lake ; the river 
Dee, famous for its beauty ; Rhiwaedog, celebrated in Welsh 
history ; the swift and clear Treweryn ; and numerous others 
mentioned in the old accounts. 

His narrative of his removal indicates that Edward Foulke 
possessed some education, and it must have been superior to the 
average of his time. His " Exhortation," addressed to his 
children, late in life, is a good piece of composition. Some 
details concerning his Hfe in Wales, previous to his removal, 
have come down by tradition, and are doubtless trustworthy. 
His purpose of immigration, it is said, was formed from his con- 
viction of the hardships and injustice inflicted upon those sub- 
ject to a monarchical government. He had attended, the 
tradition says, at a military muster or drill, required by law, 
when a person in his company, a kinsman, engaged in exercise 
wdth a broad-sword or other weapon, had the cap of his knee 

1 For assistance as to these details I am indebted to HowelW. Lloyd, Esq., M. A , 
London, a native of that part of Wales here described. 


struck off by his antagonist. The bystanders, with the one who 
had inflicted the injury, showed no regret at the occurrence, but 
rather exulted over it, while Edward, distressed at the suffering 
of his kinsman, was shocked to consider that the barbarous 
occurrence was a natural outgrowth of the system under which 
they lived. His mind turned to Pennsylvania as a place of 
escape, but he felt extreme reluctance to undertake the diffi- 
culties and perils of the long voyage with his large family. He 
" opened " the matter, however, to his wife, and she, as the tra- 
dition says, regarded the impression that had been made upon 
his mind as having a Divine origin, and while he hesitated and 
argued the pecuniaiy disadvantage a removal might be, she 
earnestly declared to him that " He that revealed this to thee 
can bless a very little in America to us, and can blast a great 
deal in our native land." 

Being accounted an excellent singer,^ large companies were 
in the habit of collecting at their house on First-days to hear 
Edward sing. "But with this he became uneasy, as he found 
that his company was of no advantage to him, nor he to them, 
as their time was spent in vain and trifling amusements. On 
one occasion, expressing his uneasiness to his wife, he found that 
she shared the feeling, and was dissatisfied both with the singing 
and some of the singers. She urged that the way to spend 
First-day with profit would be to read the Scriptures, and said 
that then the undesirable part of the company would soon 
become weary and leave them, while their truest and most valu- 
able friends would adhere to them more closely. The plan 
being adopted, it was found as his wife anticipated ; when com- 
panies had collected, and Edward was tempted to undue levity, 
she would say, 'Put away, and get the Bible.' The light and 

1 This statement of facts is taken in substance from the MS. journal of Joseph 
Foulke, of Gwynedd. 


unprofitable portion of their visitors soon fell away, while others 
more weighty and solid continued with them. Their meeting 
and Scripture reading continued for some time, and the gather- 
ing at their house increased. At length Eleanor reminded her 
husband of his exercise of mind on the subject of emigration, 
and said that as they had so evidently benefited by their follow- 
ing the path of duty in regard to the observance of First-day, it 
remained for them to proceed in the removal to Pennsylvania, 
which had also been indicated to them. And when they re- 
solved upon the step, some who had attended their meeting 
came with them." 

The insight we get by this narrative helps us to estimate 
very precisely the character of Edward Foulke and his family. 
But it must be distinctly observed that at the time of their com- 
ing they were not Friends. Like the Evanses, and all the other 
settlers except John Hugh and John Humphrey, they had been 
incHned to the Friends, but had not actually joined them. 


The Origin of the Township s Name. 

IT is curious enough that there should have been, ever, any 
speculation or doubt concerning the origin of the township's 
name. For Gwynedd was a geographical designation among 
the Welsh people, more than a thousand years old, when the 
arriving settlers applied it freshly to their little block of Pennsyl- 
vania land. The name was that which had long been applied to 
the northern part of Wales. By the English that region was 
called North Wales ; but the people themselves for hundreds of 
years had named it Gwynedd. Many of the most prominent 
and able of the Welsh leaders, from the sixth century to the 
thirteenth, are known as princes or so-called kings of Gwynedd, 
and for a time after the reign of Rhodry Mawr, or Roderick the 
Great, in the middle of the ninth century, Gwynedd claimed and 
to some extent possessed a political supremacy over the whole 
of Wales. 

Gwynedd was in fact the stronghold of the Welsh. In it 
were the homes of a large part of the Kymric people, descend- 
ants of those Britons who faced Caesar on the shores by Deal, 
when, half a century before Christ, he crossed from Gaul to in- 
vade their island. It is the wildest portion of "Wild Wales." 
Enclosed within the bent arm of the Dee, the fastnesses around 
the base of Snowdon were naturally, as they became historically, 
the last refuge of the Britons against the relentless pressure of 
invasion, first Angle, then Norman, which came upon them from 
their eastern border, and, fastening upon southern and central 


Wales, left them, at last, nothing but these rocky recesses in the 
north. ^ There, it may be said, was the seat of the most per- 
sistent British spirit. Not more, perhaps, than that 
which marked portions of southern Wales, it was better situated 
for resistance. In the halls of Aberffraw (in Anglesey), Gwy- 
nedd's last capital, the bards sang to the end praises of their 
heroes, and fanned with their tales of old prophecy the spark of 
national feeling which kindled into a flame — though but for an 
instant — so late as the days of Glendower.^ 

But, though the name of Gwynedd belongs so distinctly, for 
so long a time, to the northern part of Wales, there was, appar- 
ently, a greater Gwynedd than this before 6oo. In the vague 
chronicles of that time, for a half century or more, we hear of 
British chiefs — sometimes called kings, sometimes named by 
other titles — who, as they fought against Anglo-Saxon en- 
croachment in the north of England, ruled over a Gwynedd that 
extended northward from the Dee's mouth across the Mersey 
and up into the lake and mountain region which is now Lanca- 
shire, Westmoreland, and Cumberland. For such a union of 
British power, including part or all of the present Wales, and 
that northwestern part of England just described, the city which 
we now call Chester, the " Caerlleon on Dee" of the Britons, 
was the natural capital. 

1" It hath been," says Sir John Price, as edited by Humphrey Lloyd, speaking of 
Gwynedd, "a great while the chiefest seat of the last kings of Britain, because it was 
and is the strongest country within this isle, full of high mountains, craggy rocks, great 
woods, and deep valleys, strait and dangerous places, deep and swift rivers." Wood- 
ward, in his History of Wales (London, 1850-52), remarks that " the pride and the 
glory of the Kymry has been that last retreat of British independence, the principality of 

2 In Gwynedd, in the fastnesses about Snovvdon, Llewelyn (second of the name con- 
spicuous in Welsh history, Llewelyn ap Griffith) made his last struggle with the over- 
whelming force of Edward I. Failing there, his death shordy after ended finally — 
except the episode of Glendower — the effort to maintain Welsh independence. The 
eldest son of the English king became then, in fact as in name. Prince of Wales. 


To this larger district the king or prince known as Maelgwn 
Gwynedd, whose name stands out in the chronicles about the 
middle of the sixth century, appears attached. The theatre of 
his actions seems to have been more in north-western Eng- 
land than in Wales. He was resisting that advance of the 
Angles which came across Yorkshire, from the place of their 
descent upon the coast, about the mouth of the Humber. 
The Britons in his time had been forced by the pressure of 
invasion into the three natural strongholds in the western side of 
their island. In the extreme south they had been driven into 
the long point of land — the counties now of Somerset, Devon, 
and Cornwall — which form the Cornwall peninsula, and, when, 
A.D. 577, the West Saxons under Ceawlin defeated them at the 
great and decisive battle of Deorham,^ these Britons were cut off, 
by their enemies' hold upon the Severn, from connection with 
those who held the middle region north of that river. 
This region above the Severn — the Wales of our day — was 
then called by the Saxons North Wales, and so appears on the 
maps which represent that time, for the Cornwall region was 
known as West Wales. The third stronghold was that of north- 
western England, the "Lake Country" of our later time, and 
from it the Britons joined hands with allies still farther in the 
north, along and beyond the Clyde. 

Confining ourselves to a view of the greater Gwynedd that 
included, as has been said, part or all of modern Wales, and 
most of the modern " Lake Country," it will easily be seen how 
this hinged upon Chester, and how, when the Saxons cut through 
to the sea's edge upon the west by the capture of that city 
(probably about A.D. 613, under ^thelfrith), they severed the 
Britons of the great central stronghold from those in the northern 
one, and so divided Gwynedd. Precisely who had made the 

y Deorham was a village northward of Bath, on hills overlooking the Severn. 


fight against the Saxons after Maelgwn's time is uncertain. But 
before the victory of yEthelfrith, Gwynedd had been boldly and 
fiercely defended. Its territory, says Green/ besides embracing 
the bulk of the present North Wales, pushed forward, by its 
outlying fastness of Elmet,^ into the heart of southern Deira.' 
In Elmet the Britons long held their rude homes. By the Welsh 
chronicle, which, though it must be quoted with great caution, 
may be, after all, as trustworthy as that of Saxon or Angle, there 
followed Maelgwn Gwynedd, in direct succession, father and son, 
Run, Beli, Cadvan, Cadwallon, and Cadwallader. These were 
"Kings of Gwynedd," or, as Welsh authority says of the last 
three, " Kings of Britain ; " they were at any rate chiefs who 
headed the British struggle. In A.D. 589, when the kingdom 
of Deira had been overrun by its Bernician neighbors, it was to 
the protection of a king of Gwynedd that the sons of yElla, the 
Deiran king, then just dead, fled for protection.* 

That the Britons did lose their hold at Chester in A.D. 613, 
by a victory of ^Ethelfrith, we accept on the authority of Green. 
The chronicle of the Welsh, known as that of Caradawg of 
Llangarvan, avers that this (Chester) " chief city of Venedotia" 
was taken by Egbert the Saxon about A. D. 883, having 
"hitherto remained in the hands of the Welsh." It maybe that 
the possession of yEthelfrith was not made permanent, and that, 
again falling for a while into British hands, the city was a second 
time taken in Egbert's day. But it does not seem that after the 

1 The Making of England, p. 232 (New York, 1882). 

* The wooded region north of " The Peak " of Derbyshire. 

' The Saxon Deira was a large part of the present Yorkshire. 

* History can never forget the kingdom of ^lla, for thence it was that there came 
to Rome as slaves those blue-eyed, fair-haired youths whom Gregory saw and stopped 
to inquire about, as he passed through the market-place of Rome. "Angels, not 
Angles," he exclaimed as he viewed them, and departed to organize his work of 
Christianity in Britain. 


close of the sixth century there was anything of the kingdom or 
principality of Gwynedd northward from the mouth of the Dee, 
and this is what chiefly concerns the present inquiry. We may 
remark only how natural it was, so long as their passage from 
the one region to the other was kept open by the possession of 
Chester, that the Britons of Wales and those of northwestern 
England should have been bound together in some rude form of 
national unity. For the two regions are very similar natural 
fastnesses ; the crags and glens southwest of the Dee find their 
counterpart in the wild scenery northward of the Mersey. 
While Cader-Idris and Snowdon rise in the one region, and 
through the deep clear waters of Bala the current of the Dee 
flows unchanged and unmingling,^ in the other the Scawfells, 
Helvellyn, and Skiddaw lift their heads above the charming lakes 
of Cumberland. Two such regions, easily defensible, nearly 
adjoining, and inhabited by a kindred people, were naturally 
allies at the least. 

This Gwynedd is easily recognized by the name itself. 
For Gwyn-edd means The White Land. In the symbolism of 
patriotic association the white meant, doubtless, the pure, the 
beautiful, the untaken, the virgin land ; but in the snows that 
crowned Snowdon and Helvellyn another reason might be found 
for the name. Gwen is a favorite Welsh name for a woman — 
corresponding to Blanche, as belonging to a light-haired, fair- 
skinned beauty. The white stones that inclosed " the place of 
session," in Welsh law, were the " meini gwyjiion." In the 
Lake of Bala a famous white fish is known as the Gzvjmiad.^ In 

1 Such is the old and familiar tradition. 

* Oddly enough, and quoted as part of the proof that some part of the American 
Indians are of Welsh descent — probably come from Madoc's voyages in the twelfth 
century — there is a salmonoid fish ^Corogonus ferd) in the waters of British Columbia, 
with silvery scales, closely resembling that in Bala, and its name, as given by the 
natives, is the Quinnai. 


fact, the word gwyn or gwen will be continually met with in 
Welsh, and has always the same significance — to be white, pure, 
unsullied. Justice, patriotism, the beauty of fair women, the 
snowy heights of the unconquered mountains, the recesses of the 
unravaged home of the Kymry, all were represented in the' 

Taking Gwyn, then, as the root, the termination edd has 
simply the significance of a land, a region, a country. The pro- 
nunciation of it is not edd, as in English, but eth, the th soft, as 
in "with." Gzvcn-eth may therefore be assumed as the name 
spoken, and its significance, the white or fair land.^ 

Returning to that Gwynedd which was but the northern 
third of what we now know as Wales, it may be said that be- 
tween A.D. 613, when ^thelfrith took Chester, and the time of 
Rhodry Mawr, about A. D. 843, little is known concerning it 
geographically, and nothing in the chronicle of its feuds and 
wars is of importance to this inquiiy. But Rhodry Mawr, 
when he died in A. D. 877, divided all Wales amongst his three 
sons, and named definite boundaries for their territories. In the 
north he gave Gwynedd to his eldest son Anarawd, and he 
ordered that Merfyn, the Prince of Powys, the middle division, 
and Cadelh, of Deheubarth, the southern, should, with their 
heirs and successors, acknowledge the superior sovereignty of 
Anarawd. These divisions long continued to have a practical 
and actual existence ; for four hundred years they were regarded ; 
and they still have, as a basis of historical and descriptive 
method, a certain acknowledged importance.^ 

1 It need hardly be said after this explanation, that while Gwynedd means 
the same thing as North Wales, in the sense that both names were long 
applied to the same region of country, they have no other relationship what- 
ever, and no other similar meaning. What the Kymry called Gwynedd the- 
English knew as North Wales, till geographically the designations became inter- 

2 This division of the kingdom, tending to divide its strength in the face of 


In this division by Rhodry Mawr, " Gwynedd," says Sir 
John Price, "had upon the north side the sea, from the river 
Dee, at Basingwerke, to Aberdyfi, and upon the west and south- 
west the river Dyfi,^ which divided it from south Wales 
[Deheubarth, Prince Cadelh's possession] , and in some places 
from Powys Land. And on the south and east it is divided 
from Powys, sometimes, with mountains, and sometimes with 
rivers, till it come to the river Dee again." 

The same authority describes Gwynedd as "of old time " 
divided into four parts — the island of Mon (Anglesey), Arfon 
(Caernarvon), Merioneth, and Y Berfedwlad, which may be 
Englished the inland or middle country." Substantially, these 
four divisions were Anglesey, the whole of Caernarvon, nearly 
all the present Merioneth, the greater part of Denbighshire, and 
all of Flintshire, except a small section. It would include rather 
less than a third of the area of modern Wales. 

It is not germane to the present purpose to trace the history 
of the Gwynedd over which Anarawd was left the ruler. It 
figures, however, as has already been stated, in all the chronicles 
of subsequent Welsh struggle. In the twelfth century, Owain 
Gwynedd made himself a name equal to that of Rhodry and 
Maelgwn, though inferior, perhaps, to that of the two desperate 
and heroic Llewelyns. And it was Madoc, son of Owain 
Gwynedd, who, as Welsh authority claims, crossed the Atlantic 

the Saxon enemy, the Welsh chroniclers much lament ; but it was according to 
the general tenor of the Welsh system, which required, as in the gavel-kind of 
the old English law, a distribution of the father's possessions among his 
children. [See for an elaborate discussion of the subject, F. Seebohm's " Tribal System 
in Wales." — Note, i8q6i\ 

1 By looking at the map these lines will be easily followed, and the de- 
scription is inserted for that purpose, but the points of the compass given are 
misleading; the sea lay on the west, as well as on the north, and the Dyfi (Dovey) 
could only be fairly described as bounding on the south, and in part on the 


to the American continent, more than three hundred years before 
the caravels of Columbus sailed out from Palos. It would be 
useless to enter the well-beaten field wherein the claims of 
Madoc have been disputed, but it is enough to say that some of 
these claims are in modern time accepted as probably true. 
That Madoc was a real person, the son of Owain Gwynedd, that 
he sailed from Wales in one or two voyages about 1170-72, 
and that he bore away into the Atlantic westward " by a route 
leaving Ireland on the north," is conceded. But what land he 
reached, if any, and whether any descendants of himself and his 
company have been found, either in North or South America, are 
questions quite beyond settlement ■} in the Welsh Triads them- 
selves Madoc's second and final voyage is accounted one of 
" The Three Losses by Disappearance " sustained by " The Isle 
of Britain." 

In the " Triads " we may find abundant allusions to Gwy- 
nedd. In those that are historical and geographical, as well as 
those that refer to "the social state " of the Welsh, the name 
frequently appears. "There are three courts of country and law 
— one in Powys, one at Caerleon-on-Usk, which is that of Gla- 
morgan and Deheubarth, and one in Gwynedd." "The court of 
country and law in Gwynedd is constituted of the lord of the 
commot (unless the prince himself be present), the mayor, chan- 
cellor," etc. There were " three invading tribes that came into 
the Isle of Britain, and departed from it," one of these being 
"the hosts of Ganvel the Gwyddel [Irishman], who came to 
Gwynedd, and were there twenty-nine years, until they were 
driven out by Caswallon, the son of Beli." Of "the Three 

1 For an estimate of the importance now assigned to Madoc and his voyages, see 
Bryant's History of the United States. The various speculations have assigned his 
landing place, settlements, and descendants to nearly the whole east coast of the 
American continent from Canada to Patagonia. 


Primary Tribes of the Nation of the Cymry," the Gwyndydians, 
the men of Gwynedd and Powys, formed one. Rhun, who was 
the son of Maelgwn and the first of " Three Fair Princes of the 
Isle of Britain," reigned over Gwynedd, it is said, from A. D. 560 
to A. D. 586. Cadavael, the son of Cynvedw, in Gwynedd, is 
recorded as one of " the Three Plebeian Princes of the Isle of 
Britain," and he is handed down in disgrace by another Triad as 
having inflicted one of the " Three Heinous Hatchet Blows " 
that caused the death of lago ap Beli, the Sovereign of 

The poetry of the bards, much of it inspired amongst the 
hills of northern Wales, and relating to events that had occurred 
there, makes Gwynedd and those associated with the name re- 
peatedly a theme. Owain Gwynedd is celebrated by numerous 
bards. Llywarch, of Powys, singing the bravery of a Powys 
prince (about A. D. 1 160) calls him " Gwynedd's foe." Madoc, 
the voyager, was a favorite subject : the Prince Llewelyn is re- 
ferred to in the verse of Llywarch, a bard, as 

" The lion i' the breach, ruler of Gwynedd," 

and as the 

" Nephew of Madog, whom we more and more 
Lament that he is gone." 

Meredydd ap Rhys (about A. D. 1440) says : — 
" Madog the brave, of aspect fair, 
Owain of Gwynedd's offspring true, 
Would have no land — man of my soul ! — 
Nor any wealth except the seas." 

Elidir Sais, who wrote in the thirteenth century, and was one 
of the earliest Welsh composers of religious verse, says : — 
" The chieftains of Deheubarth and Gwynedd, 1 
Pillars of battle, throned have I seen." 

1 The rhythm places the accent on the second syllable, as it should be. 


And Einion ap Mado<^ ap Rhawaid, in a eulogy upon 
Griffith, the unhappy son ' of Llewelyn the Great, says : — 

" The eagle of Gwynedd, he is not nij^h, 
Though placable, he will no insult bear ; 
And though a youth, his daring horsemanship 
Fastening on him the strangers' wondering eyes." 

And one more stanza, by an author whose name is not pre- 
cisely given in the authority here quoted, runs thus : — 

" Gwynedd ! for princes gen'rous famed — and songs, 
By Gruffydd's son ^ unshamed 
Thou art ; he, hawk untamed, 
Is praised where'er thy glory is proclaimed." 

J His brother Davydd treacherously took him prisoner, and Henn,' III. kept 
him in the Tower of London, in attempting to escape from which he was killed. 
* The second Llewelyn. 


Number of the First Settlers : Growth of 

FROM the first the Gwynedd settlement had a certain dis- 
tinction. It was talked of and written about. Contempo- 
rary accounts mention it, and these mentionings are conspicuous 
in the meagre annals which have been handed down to us. In 
1705, Samuel Carpenter, of Philadelphia, offering for sale, in a 
letter to Jonathan Dickinson, a large tract of land in Bucks 
county, near the line, describes it as being "about four miles 
from North Wales." 

The reason for this, obviously, was the fact that the settle- 
ment was strong from the beginning. The arrival of the settlers 
in a body, their purchase and immediate occupancy of a whole 
township, made up a notable proceeding. The adjoining town- 
ships filled up slowly ; families came by ones and twos ; their 
growth was almost unperceived ; but the Welsh company, com- 
posed of a dozen families or more, and moving with a concerted 
and harmonious step, commanded attention. 

To estimate with confidence the number who arrived in the 
first immigration, and who, as the snow fell in November, 1698, 
were at home in the township, is impossible. Yet I think it 
cannot have been far from one hundred persons, of all ages. In 
several families we know very exactly the number of sons and 
daughters born before 1698, and who therefore must have come 
with their parents in the immigration. Thus — 


Edward Foulke expressly speaks of his wife and nine chil- 
dren, as being on the Robert and Elisabeth, and arriving safely. 

Thomas Evans' family included his wife and at least eight 
sons and daughters, who all appear to have been born in Wales. 

To Robert Evans are assigned, besides his wife, seven sons 
and daughters, all probably born in Wales. 

Cadwallader Evans and his wife had one son and one 
daughter, both born in Wales. 

To Owen Evans and his wife are assigned six children, born 
in Wales. (Two others, making up the eight named in our 
Genealogy of the family, were born in Gwynedd.) 

William John's will (17 12) names his wife and six children, 
and all of the six were probably born in Wales. 

John Humphrey's will (1736) names one son, and three 
daughters, all of them married, and some of them having chil- 
dren (to whom he leaves legacies). The comparison of dates, 
etc., inclines me to the belief that all his children were born 
before 1698, and therefore were among the immigrants. 

John Hugh's family was small ; his son Ellis, who was mar- 
ried in 171 3, must have been born before 1698, and his 
daughter Gainor, married in 1723, may have been, — there is 
some reason for thinking that she was. 

Hugh Griffith's son Evan was married in 1705 ; his son 
Griffith (called Griffith Hugh) was married in 17 18. The 
former certainly, the latter probably, may be counted as among 
the immigrants. 

As to the other families I do not attempt anything. The 
Pughs (ap Hughs) included several men, but the time of their 
arrival may not have been before 1699. Robert John was mar- 
ried in 1706, and probably had no family when he came into the 
township. Of Evan Robert's and Ellis David's families I have 
no data to present. 



Summing up, however, what has been stated above, we have 

these figures : 

Edward Foulke's family, . 
Thomas Evans' family, 
Robert Evans' family, . . 
Cadwallader Evans' family, 
Owen Evans' family, 
William John's family, . 
John Humphrey's family, . 
John Hugh's family (say) . 
Hugh Griffith's family (say) 

1 1 persons. 

lo persons. 

9 persons. 

4 persons. 
8 persons. 
8 persons. 
6 persons. 

5 persons. 
5 persons. 

Total, 66 

To this, if we add thirty -four to cover all the others, includ- 
ing servants, — of whom I have no account, — ample allowance 
will no doubt be made. The number who came into Gwynedd 
the first year was probably under rather than over one hundred. 

A petition presented to the Court of Quarter Sessions, in 
Philadelphia, in June, 1704 (asking for a road via Whitemarsh), 
and headed, " Petition of the Inhabitants of North Wales, in 
Philadelphia County," recites that "there are in said township 
above thirty families already settled." (I am inclined to think 
that those over the line, in what is now Montgomery, were 
included. I doubt whether Montgomery was then organized.) 

In 1 74 1, Gwynedd contained 93 taxables,^ and Montgomery 
township 54. Gwynedd was then one of the largest in taxable 
population in Philadelphia county ; it was exceeded only by six 
others in what is now Montgomery county, as follows : Salford, 
174; Providence, 146; Moreland, 125; Manatawny, iii 
Lower Merion, 10 1 ; Upper Hanover, 97. Salford, it must be 

1 See Watson's Annals, Vol. II., p. 403. 



noted, then included both the present townships of that name, — 
Upper and Lower; and Providence included Upper and Lower 
Providence. In the same year (1741, as above), all the town- 
ships adjoining and near to Gwynedd had a less number of taxa- 
bles. Their numbers were as follows : Horsham, 80 ; Perkio- 
men and Skippack, 73 ; Plymouth, 46; Towamencin, 55 ; Whit- 
pain, 56 ; Worcester, 70 ; Upper Dublin, 'j'j ; Whitemarsh, 89. 

In the table below I give figures from the censuses since 
1800, as far as I have been able conveniently to obtain them. 
Of the census of 1830, I am able to give, however, some special 
details.^ Under 5 years there were 228 ; between 60 and 70 
years, 52; between 70 and 80 years, 30; between 80 and 90 
years, 10; between 90 and 100 years, i. Montgomery town- 
ship had 911 population, 472 male, 439 female; 4 of the total 
colored. In the two townships collectively there were 7 aliens, 
not naturalized, none blind, none deaf and dumb. 

Population of Gwynedd by several Censuses. 






































1 1 









Native. Foreign. 



[Notes. — In the figures for 1800, the numbers by sex are of whites 
only ; the 9 colored persons must be counted in to make up the total 906. 

The figures for 1870 include North Wales borough, 407 (native, 385 ; 
foreign, 22). 

• See Hazard's Register, Vol. VI., p. 31. 


The figures for 1880 include North Wales Borough, 673 : and 500 of 
the population of the borough of Lansdale, — an estimate of that portion 
of the borough's total (798), which was on the Gwynedd side of the town- 
ship line. 

The census for 1790, the first taken by the United States, cannot be 
given, as an examination of the original records in the Census Office, at 
Washington (kindly made for me by Mr. Chas. H. Ingram, of the Internal 
Revenue Bureau), shows that the return of Gwynedd township was not 
made separately. 

Figures for 18 10 and 1840 are left blank, because the Census Office 
has no copy of the printed complete returns for either year ; and it seemed 
unnecessary to search out and tabulate the original returns. 

Details of the native and foreign born were not ascertained in the 
censuses prior to 1850, and were not published until 1870.] 


The First Settlers' Homes ; Personal Details. 

DEEDS were made to the other settlers by William John 
and Thomas Evan, within a few months after the settle- 
ment, when it had been decided how much land each should 
take.' The plots were marked off, however, upon the suppo- 

1 Ten of these deeds are dated 4th mo. (June) 5, 1699, and the others, also, appear 
to have been then executed ; except Wm. John's conveyance to Thomas Evan, and 
the latter's conveyance to the former, which are dated 6th mo. (August) 30, of that 

These deeds show that the township was actually divided up among the settlers. 
William John and Thomas Evan paid Robert Turner " 508 pounds, current money of 
Pennsylvania," for it; and in the distribution each colonist was charged at this rate, — 
6 pounds 10 shillings for each one hundred acres. Thus, the conveyances from John 
and Evan were as follows : 


Robert Jones, 500 

Cadwallader ap Evan 500 

Robert ap Evan, 500 

John Hugh 500 

Thomas Evan .... 700 45 10 

Wm. John 2150 

Owen ap Evan 400 

Edward Ffoulk, 400 

John Humphrey 400 

H. & E. Griffith ... 300 

Hugh David, 220 

Evan Hugh 100 

Total . . 6670 433 II 

The list is not quite complete ; the other conveyances (which I did not readily 
find on the records) will make up the 7,820 acres, and 508 pounds. (John Humphrey, 
above, is assigned 400 acres ; the patent gives him, of first right, 450 ; also, Wm. John's 
two tracts, above, make 2,150 acres ; but in the two patents he is allowed 1,900 and 
150, making 2,050. Perhaps the Evan Robert tract, 100 acres, is included in the 
2,150 above.) 

























sition that the township contained the area assigned to it in the 
purchase from Robert Turner, 7,820 acres, whereas its actual 
area was about fifty per cent greater. Thus WilHam John was 
presumed to have 1,900 acres in his large tract, but really had 
2,866; Evan ap Hugh's title was for 700, whereas his plot con- 
tained 1,068; Cadwallader Evan had title for 500, and received 
609 ; Edward Foulke for 400, and received 720 ; John 
Humphrey for 450, and received 574 ; and so on throughout 
the list. (The patent of Thomas Evan, already cited at length, 
shows that his purchase was 700 acres, and that his tract con- 
tained 1,049 acres.) 

These facts were developed by a re-survey, made in pur- 
suance of a general law, passed by the Provincial Assembly 
about 1 70 1. There had been a re-survey of all recently patented 
lands. Penn, in leaving the colony for England, in November, 
1 70 1, had particularly urged the matter on the attention of 
James Logan. ^ To perform the work in Gwynedd, David 
Powell, the Welsh surveyor, who had run the lines in Merion, 
when that township was taken up, and who had since been an 
assistant to the Surveyor-General of the province, was assigned. 
He came over from Merion, and was engaged in Gwynedd at 
different times during the year 1702.^ (The patent to Thomas 
Evans shows that a general warrant for the re-surveys was 
issued by Penn's Commissioners of Property, on September 

1 Writing from the ship Dolmahoy, on his way down the Delaware, on November 
3d, Penn adds a postscript : " Cause all the provinces and territories to be re-surveyed 
in the most frugal manner, with the assistance of my brother-in-law, Edward 
Penington, within the two years prescribed by the law, if possible." Logan replies to 
this, December 2d : " We intend to set about re-surveys with all expedition," and in a 
later letter he remarks that the overplus found by the surveyors is much greater than 
had been expected. 

' David's plots, showing the several tracts, returned by him to the Land Office, are 
still to be seen in the Department of Internal Affairs, at Harrisburg. They are small, 
and not elaborate. 


29th, 1 70 1, and the date of the patent is March 8th, 1702. 
Between these dates, of course, David ran the Hnes. Other 
records show that the order for the survey of WilHam John's 
tract was made 7th mo. 29th, 1702, and that he made his 
return to the " General Surveyor's Office," loth mo. 2d, 
ensuing ; in John Humphrey's tract he made return of re- 
survey, loth mo. 25th, 1702.) 

The re-surveys being completed, the Commissioners issued 
patents to the holders of the several tracts in the township. 
These patents confirmed the title acquired through Turner,^ and 
they also conveyed the overplus land in excess of the amount 
to which he had a right. The plan of doing this was not 
illiberal. Each settler was confirmed not only the amount he 
had bought, but ten per cent, additional, and for the remaining 
acres a moderate price was charged. Thomas Evans' patent 
shows that after confirming him 700 acres, he was allowed 
70 more, and for the remaining 279 was to pay 61 pounds, 
8 shillings, 3 farthings. 

1 Robert Turner's deed to John and Evan for the colony should have been 
described more particularly at page 28 of this volume. He recites that he had received 
from Penn four warrants : one in 1683, for 1000 acres, another, same year, for 5600, 
another, in 1684, for 720, and the fourth, same year, for 500, and these were " laid out 
by y* Surveyor General's order, in one tract," in Philadelphia county, " Beginning at a 
black oak tree marked for a corner, standing in y^ line of Wm. Harman's land, and 
on y« east side of a small run of water, thence n. e. by the same and the land of Tryall 
Kolme, 780 p. to a post, then n. w. by the lands of Joseph Fisher and Wm. Stanley, 
John West and John Day, 1604 p. to a post for a corner; then s. w. by the land of 
James Peters, 780 p. to another corner post ; then s. e. by y« township laid out for 
Richard Whitpaine, Chas. Marshall, Thomas Cox, John Bassley, and others, 1604 p. to 
the place of beginning ; " " the survey thereof completed on y« 2d day of the 12th mo., 
1694, as by return of y* sd warrants in Surveyor General's office, ist mo. loth, 1698-99 
will appear," etc., etc. 

This shows that the surveys of the land were made especially for the purpose 
of the conveyance to John and Evan. The record also shows that Thomas Fairman 
made the survey, — though it must have been a very imperfect one, as the township's 
lines given above are but 1604 perches on the long sides, while Powell's re-survey 
showed them to be really over 2000. (It seems doubtful whether Fairman really went 
on the ground, at all.) 



A statement of the amounts in the several tracts, as shown 
be the re-surveys, may be made as follows : 

First Purchase. Area Patctited. 

Thomas Evan, 700 1049 

William John, 1900 . . 2866 

Evan ap Hugh, 700 1068 

Robert John, 500 720 

Robert ap Hugh 200 232 

Robert Evan, . 500 1034 

Cadvvallader Evan, 500 .... 609 

Owen Evan, 400 538 

Edward Foulke 400 712 

Evan ap Hugh (lower tract), .... 100 . . . 1 10 

John Humphrey, .... ... 450 574 

William John (lower tract), 1 50 ... 322 

Robert Evan (lower tract) 200 250 

Hugh and Evan Griffith 300 376 

Ellis David. 220 231 

Evan Robert, 100 no 

John Hugh, 500 648 

Total acres, 7820 


The location of the several tracts is shown by the skeleton 
map of the township given herewith. William John's large tract 
occupied the upper end, and extended downward to a point 
below Kneedler's tavern. The road leaving the turnpike at the 
toll-gate and running south-westward by West Point station, 
must have been very nearly his lower line. 

The lower line of Thomas Evan's tract was very nearly, or 
exactly, the present Swedes' Ford road. The lower line of 
Edward Foulke's tract was along the present road from Spring- 
House to Penllyn, and the eastern corner of his property was 
almost precisely at the former place. John Humphrey's tract 
joined him, therefore, at or close by the Spring-House, and 




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John's north corner, on the township line (Welsh road), must 
have been on the top of the hill, above John Stone's old smith- 
shop, just about the point where is the corner-stone of 
Gwynedd, Horsham, and Montgomery townships. From this 
point extended south-westward across the township the lower 
line of Owen Evans, and it must have crossed the turnpike near 
the bridge over the Treweryn. Robert Evan's main tract, 
bounded on the upper side by the Swedes' Ford road, must 
have extended, down the turnpike, to about where the road to 
Gwynedd station now crosses, just above Ellen H. Evans's. 
Robert's line adjoining his brother Cadwallader's land passed a 
short distance north-east of the meeting-house. Going up the 
turnpike, from the Swedes' Ford road crossing, Thomas Evan's 
tract must have extended nearly to the top of the hill, about 
where the old St. Peter's burying-ground now is ; and Robert 
John, adjoining above, took in most of the site of North Wales 
borough. Above him, and extending to William John's line, 
near Kneedler's, was Evan ap Hugh's tract. 

Where the settlers lived is in part definitely known, and in 
part surmised. The residences of the four Evans brothers fall in 
the former category. There is preserved by their descendants 
a genealogical sketch of the family, several copies of which have 
come to my notice during my searches for the facts contained in 
this volume. This genealogical sketch, it is stated on one of 
the copies, was compiled from materials furnished in October, 
1797, by John Evans, Sen. (son of John ; grandson of Cadwal- 
lader), and his sister Elizabeth. John was then 67 years old, 
and his sister 71. The data were taken down by Cadwallader 
Evans, of Philadelphia (son of Rowland), and a memorandum 
on the copy now in the possession of Jonathan Evans, of 
Germantown, says that " some additions [have been] made 
since by Charles Evans, but no alterations." 


On this old document, the statement is made of the resi- 
dences of the four brothers. It is as follows : — 

"Thomas Evans lived where Heist now keeps tavern by the 

run, half a mile above the meeting-house. 

"Robert Evans lived where George Roberts now lives, half a mile 
west of George Maris' s late residence. 

" Owen Evans lived where his grandson Thomas Evans now lives, by 
the Great Road, one mile below the meeting-house. 

' ' Cadwallader lived where his grandson John Evans lately lived and 
died, and where his son Cadwallader now lives, near the meeting-house." 

The localities here mentioned are all easily identified. 
Thomas's house, where Heist kept tavern ninety years ago, 
is on the turnpike just above Evans' Run, — the house occupied 
within my recollection by George Wagner, John Preston, Silas 
H. Land, William Rowland, and others, and now owned by 
James D. Cardell. Robert's house was that now owned by 
Silas White, lately William J. Linnard's place, and long before 
his ownership belonging to George Roberts. (The present house, 
though antiquated enough, I do not suppose was Robert 
Evan's, or any part of it ; more likely it was built by Amos 
Roberts.) Owen Evan's place was that now occupied by Ellen 
H. Evans ; his house probably stood between her present house 
and the turnpike, where there used to be marks of an old well 
and of a building. 

(It may be remarked, here, that the Ellen H. Evans farm 
has come down to herself and children directly through the 
inheritance of her husband, Cadwallader, from his ancestor, 
Owen, and has never been out of the family. I know of no 
other such instance in the township. No single acre of land 
in Gwynedd, I believe, except this, is now owned by any 
direct descendant of an original settler, with a family title 
directly down.) 


Cadwallader's house, of course, was that which he and his 
descendants held for over a hundred years, which then passed 
(after a short ownership by Charles Willing Hare) into the 
possession of Evan Jones, and now belongs (1896) to the 
Hollingsworth estate. The mansion house — not the other and 
smaller dwelling — stands on the site where Cadwallader lived. 

It was at Thomas Evan's house, according to the tradition 
preserved by his son Hugh, that William Penn stayed over- 
night when he visited Gwynedd. The story of this visit was 
first printed by Watson,^ in his Annals, and he had it from 
Susan Nancarro, the granddaughter of Hugh Evans. His 
account is this : 

' ' Mrs. Nancarro had often seen and conversed with her grandfather, 
Hugh Evans, who hved to be ninety years of age. When he was a boy 
of twelve he remembered that William Penn, with his daughter Letitia, 
and a servant (in the year 1699 °^ 1700), came out on horseback to 
visit his father, Thomas Evans. Their house was then superior in that 
it was of barked logs, a refinement surpassing the common rank. The 
same place is now E. Jones's, near the Gwynedd meeting-house.* At that 
house William Penn ascended steps on the outside to go to his chamber ; 
and the boy of twelve, being anxious to see all he could of so distin- 
guished a man, went up afterwards to peep through the apertures at him ; 
and there he well remembered to have seen him on his knees praying, 
and giving thanks to God for such peaceful and excellent shelter in the 
wilderness. * * * * I heard Mrs. D. L.^ say that she had also 
heard the same fact from Hugh Evans. 

' ' There was at this time a great preparation among the Indians near 
there for some public festival. Letitia Penn, then a lively young girl, 
greatly desired to be present, but her father would not give his consent, 

1 See Watson s Annals, Vol. II., p. 79, It has been copied from Watson into Dav's 
Historical Collections of Pennsylvania, and elsewhere. 

* This error we must ascribe to Watson, or possibly to Mrs. Nancarro ; Hugh 
Evans, of course, would have known that the Evan Jones place was his uncle 
Cadwallader's, and not where his father lived. 

3 Deborah Logan, no doubt. 


though she entreated much. The same informant says she ran out cha- 
grined, and seeming to wish for something to dissipate her regret, snatched 
up a flail near some grain, at which she began to labour playfully, when 
she inadvertently brought the unwieldy instrument severely about her head 
and shoulders ; and was thus quickly constrained to retreat into the 
house, with quite a new concern upon her mind. This fact made a last- 
ing impression upon the memory of the lad aforesaid, who then was a 

The time of this visit Watson fixes as above, in 1699 or 
1700. That it was in 1699 is possible, but very improbable, 
for it was not until the ist of December, the former year, that 
Penn reached this country (on his second visit), and came ashore 
at Chester. The excursion to Gwynedd doubtless occurred in 
1700 or 1 70 1. 

The allusion to the material of which Thomas Evans's 
house was built, — barked logs, — and the statement that this 
was superior to the houses of the other settlers, give us suffi- 
cient light on the subject of their general character, fixing them 
as log cabins, with the bark unremoved. Such, no doubt, the 
first dwellings of the township were. 

Besides the four Evans dwellings, we can fix with certainty 
the home of Edward Foulke. The house at Penllyn station, 
for many years Jesse Spencer's, lately the property of D. C. 
Wharton, and now occupied by members of his family, is on 
the site of Edward's house. Thomas Foulke, his eldest son, 
settled, when he married, in 1706, on a part of his father's 
lands, and the house which was long occupied by William 
Foulke, his great-great-grandson, afterwards sold to D. C. Whar- 
ton, and lately part of his estate, was Thomas's residence. 
Joseph Foulke's book says : "A stone milk-house 
is yet standing (1846), in good repair, dated '^ q 
{i.e. Thomas and Gwen Foulke, 1728). 1728 

John Humphrey's house, one of the two places at which the 


Friends held their meetings, was near the Spring-House, at the 
place known in recent time as Reuben Yocum's, up the 
Bethlehem turnpike, north of the hotel, — such, at least, is the 
well-preserved tradition. John was a somewhat notable person. 
A brief memorial of him, by Gwynedd monthly meeting, is pre- 
served in the John Smith manuscript collection, as follows : 

"John Humphrey arrived here from Wales in the year 1698, was one 
of the first settlers of Gwynedd, and an elder several years. He departed 
this life 13th of 9th month, 1738, and was buried at Gwynedd, aged 70 

His will is on record in Philadelphia. It is dated 7th mo. 
3, 1736, and was proved December (loth mo.) 2d, 1738. He 
appoints as " overseers " of the will " my cousin John Jones, 
and my friends John Jones, carpenter, and John Evans." The 
witnesses are Rowland Roberts, who signs his name with his 
mark, " R. R." ; Thomas Evans (Owen's son, no doubt), who 
signs with a mark T. E., joined in a monogram ; and Isaac 
Cook, who makes his initials only " i. c. " John Humphrey 
himself signs with his mark, " I. H. " in rude letters. The con- 
tents of the will are of some interest. He leaves 30 pounds to 
his sister Elizabeth Thomas, 5 pounds to the children of Evan 
Griffith, 5 to his son-in-law Cadwallader Jones, 5 to his son-in- 
law Hugh Jones, 5 to his " daughter-in-law " Elizabeth Davies, 
5 to his niece Gainor Jones, and 5 to his niece Catharine Lloyd. 
To Gwynedd preparative meeting he leaves 50 pounds, the in- 
terest to be applied to the relief of its poor and indigent mem- 
bers, but he expresses the hope that if any of his relations, 
members of the Society, though not of this meeting, should be in 
want, their claims will be considered. To his grandson John 
Jones he leaves 30 pounds, and his riding horse, — to receive 
them when he is 15 years old. To his grandson Humphrey 
Jones he leaves 30 pounds, and to his granddaughter Jane 


Jones 25 pounds and a case of drawers, which she is to receive 
at the age of 18. To his granddaughter Sibill Jones he leaves 
27 pounds, with a brass kettle, which she is to have at 15, and 
to his granddaughters Elizabeth and Gainor Jones 30 pounds 
apiece. But as to these legacies to his grandchildren, he par- 
ticularly says that they are to receive nothing unless " by their 
good conduct they recommend themselves worthy and deserv- 
ing." He gives a legacy to his daughter-in-law Katharine 
Jones, and to his son Humphrey Jones all his remaining estate, 
real and personal, appointing him executor. 

The number of these legacies and their amounts indicate 
that John Humphrey was comparatively rich. Upon this point, 
however, we get more light from the inventory filed with his 
will. This exhibits him as an extensive money lender. He 
must have been the banker of the neighboring country. The 
total of the inventory (personal estate only) is 1,027 pounds 9 
shillings, of which but 80 pounds 18 shillings is for household 
or other goods, the remainder being made up by a mortgage of 
Robert Hugh, 60 pounds, and by " obligations," — which we 
may assume to mean bonds and notes, — numbering no less than 
eighty-tivo, altogether. The list of debtors who had given these 
obligations is a long one, and includes many of the second gen- 
eration of the Gwynedd people, with others in Montgomery and 
elsewhere. Five of the notes are by Rowland Roberts, four by 
William Mellchor, three by John Clayton, two by William 
Williams, two by Hugh Foulke, two by Barnard Young, the 
others generally one each by different persons. 

That his interest in his money-lending had been regarded as 
somewhat absorbing may be inferred by the very guarded 
memorial of the monthly meeting ; but Joseph Foulke, in his 
Journal, records a statement as coming from his mother, Ann 
Foulke (born Roberts), which is still more distinct. She de- 


scribes him as having been, at one time, a very exemplary 
Friend, meek and humble, enduring suffering and persecution, 
etc., and then she adds : " But when he became settled in Gwy- 
nedd, and was well rewarded for his industry and economy, he 
became rich, his bonds and mortgages increased, and as they 
did so the fine gold became dim, and his usefulness in the 
church declined apace." A Friend from Richland' attended the 
monthly meeting at Gwynedd, and in the afternoon rode to his 
home, twenty miles distant, under great exercise of mind con- 
cerning John Humphrey. He passed a restless night at home, 
and rode back to John Evans' (the son of Cadwallader), in the 
morning. Arriving there, he would not eat or drink until he 
had delivered his message, so, taking John Evans with him, 
they went to John Humphrey and told him " he had better 
burn all his bonds and mortgages than preserve them ; that it 
would be much better for himself and his posterity, and this was 
the word of the Lord to him." The Friend then returned with 
John Evans, ate and drank, and rode home to Richland with a 
peaceful mind ! 

It will be observed that John Humphrey's son is called 
Humphrey Jones. This was following the ordinary Welsh 
usage of the time, keeping no family name, but changing it with 
each generation, by adopting as the surname the first name of 
the parent.^ This custom existed among the Welsh immi- 
grants, at the time of their arrival, and it was followed by them 
after coming, in a number of cases, though generally the 
English usage of preserving a family name was adopted. The 
five brothers Roberts (whose genealogy is elsewhere given in 

^ Adds J. F., in his Journal. 

* Paxton Hood, in his Life of Cromwell, says Henry VHI., who, as a Tudor, 
might claim the right to advise, urged the Welsh strongly to abandon their custom, and 
adopt the family surname system of the English. But the Welsh were slow to give up 
national customs. 


this volume), were the sons of Robert Cadwallader. John 
Griffith, of Merion (who married Edward Foulke's daughter 
Jane), and his brother, Evan Griffith, were the sons of Griffith 
John. The children of Evan Pugh of Gwynedd appear to have 
generally taken the name of Evan, and not Pugh ; at any rate, 
the meeting records show the marriages of Jane Evan, daughter 
of Evan Pugh, in 1709; Hugh Evan, son of Evan Pugh (to 
Mary Robert, daughter of Robert John), in 17 16; Catherine 
Evan, daughter of Evan Pugh, in 17 17; and Cadwallader 
Evan, son of Evan Pugh, in 1722. The marriage lists show 
several other instances : Edward Jones and Evan Jones, who 
both married daughters of Thomas Evans, of Gwynedd, were 
sons of John Evan, of Radnor; Robert Hugh, son of Hugh 
Griffith, is recorded as marrying, in 17 17; Griffith Hugh, son 
of Hugh Griffith, in 1718; and John Roger, son of Roger 
Roberts (of Merion), in 1 7 1 7. 

A curious instance of the effect of this change of surname 
is seen in the case of the four brothers Evans, of Gwynedd, 
and the Owens, of Merion, — descendants of Robert and Jane. 
The father of the Evans brothers, and the father of Robert 
Owen, were brothers, — being the sons of Evan Robert Lewis, 
of Fron Goch, in Wales. They were named respectively 
Owen ap Evan, and Evan ap Evan, and the children of the 
former, having come to Pennsylvania, were known thereafter as 
Owens, while those of the latter were known as Evanses. 

Humphrey Jones, John Humphrey's son, married, in 17 19, 
Catharine, the daughter of William John. Her father was then 
deceased, having died in 17 12. It seems likely that he was 
a man advanced in years, and older than his wife, Jane, for she 
survived until about 1740. The place of his residence is 
not certain, but Mr. Mathews thinks, and this is likely, that he 
lived at the place owned for many years by George W. Dane- 


hower, and occupied in recent times by Frank Myers, on the 
West Point road, just south-west of the toll-gate by Kneedler's. 
The house is old, and there are plain date marks upon it of 
the year 171 2. It stands within the southern limit, — though 
very close to the line, — of William John's tract, and the prob- 
ability is strong that it is William John's house ; and though 
it will be noted that the year of its erection was the same year 
in which he died, yet as his will is dated in August, and proved 
in November, he may have been the man who built this house.' 

Dwelling for a moment on William John and his family, — 
as they will not come into any of the genealogies hereafter to be 
given, — he was the richest man in the township, if we may 
judge by the size of his tract, which was nearly three times as 
large as any other. I cannot trace what relation he was, if any, 
to Robert John, or to Griffith John, of Merion,^ but that they 
were related is indicated by the fact that in several instances 
they signed marriage certificates in a group, — a slight evi- 
dence of relationship, as it was the usage for relatives of the 
marrying parties to sign by families, in the order of their near- 
ness of connection. 

William John had several children, including at least five 
daughters and one son, as follows : 

I. Gwen, m., 1704, William Lewis, of Newtown, Chester County ; d. 
before 1717-1718, when her husband re-married. 

1 The date is cut in a stone near the peak of the western gable, and also in a stone 
close to the south door-way. The building is a two-story stone house with a wing 
kitchen. It has wide deep chimney-places, and one upper window, in which the 
ancient sash have been allowed to remain, is filled with little panes of glass, six inches 
by two. There is some appearance that the wing kitchen was built earlier than 
the main dwelling, and tradition says that a log cabin, still earlier in date, stood a little 
distance to the southward, by a spring. A depression in the ground at this place is 
supposed to be the site of the cabin, which was, no doubt, the original home ofWilliam 
John and his family. 

2 John Humphrey's will indicates that he and William John were brothers-in-law. 


2. Margaret, m., ist, 1705, Robert Ellis, of Merion ; and 2d, 1709, 
David Llewellyn, of Haverford, widower. 

3. Gainor, m., 1714, Abraham Musgrave, "son of Thomas, late of 
Halifax, Yorkshire, Great Britain, yeoman, deceased." 

4. Catharine, m., 17 19, Humphrey Jones. 

5. ElUn. 

6. John, m., Margaret . 

All these children were living at the time of William John's 
death, and they or their husbands are all named in his will. 
The son John being appointed executor with the widow, Jane, 
may have been older than some of his sisters, — for instance, 
Gainor and Catharine, who were single then, and for some years 
after. To John was left 1400 acres of land, with the dwelling, 
plantation, etc., which the testator had made, life-right of one- 
half being reserved to the widow. To Gainor, Ellin, and Catha- 
rine was left the detached tract of 322 acres in the lower end 
of the township, adjoining Edward Foulke's, at Penllyn. 

Next below William John's tract was that of Evan ap Hugh. 
His life in Gwynedd was brief In May, 1703, he received the 
confirmatory patent for his land from Penn's commissioners, 
and on nearly the same date made his will.^ His death 
occurred soon after. Of the 1068 acres which his tract proved 
to contain he had sold 454 (200 acres of it to Meredith 
David, and 1 50 to John Roberts), and by his will he divided 
the remaining 614 acres equally between his two sons, Hugh, 
the elder and " heir at law," and David, the younger. The will 
provided, however, that Hugh should have the end of the 
tract containing "the house and settlement" which the father 
had made. This house must have been just above North 
Wales, and on the eastern side of the turnpike, but the tract 
of Hugh, on which it stood, lay chiefly on the other side of the 
present road, extending for some distance, while the 307 acres 

1 The will is dated May 21, the patent May 22. 


that David got adjoined, and reached over to the hne of Wor- 
cester townships. Both the brothers, in a few years, sold their 
tracts: Hugh his, in 171 8, to Cadwallader Foulke (Edward's 
son), for 180 pounds; and David his to Humphrey Bate, who 
had married their mother, Ann, the widow of Evan ap Hugh. 

The Bates, Humphrey and his wife, left the township, 
probably about 1720, and we find them recorded as of Philadel- 
phia county; and in 1723 they, with David and Hugh Pugh, 
joined in a deed for David's tract to William Lewis, of Newtown, 
Chester county. This William was, no doubt, the one who 
married William John's daughter, Grace, as recorded above. 
She had, however, died before this purchase of 1723, and he 
had married, at Gwynedd meeting, in March, 17 17-18, " Lowry 
Jones, widow," whom I take to be Lowry, daughter of Thomas 
Evans, who in 1 7 1 1 had married Evan Jones, son of John Evan, 
of Radnor. 

Of Robert John, who owned the tract next below Evan ap 
Hugh, we know considerable, from the records. He was one 
of the richest of the first settlers, as is indicated by the char- 
acter and extent of the inventoiy of his personal property at 
the time of his death, in 1732. My impression is that he had 
been in Merion, before 1698, and that he came from there to 
Gwynedd.^ He was, it appears by his will, a nephew of Thomas 
Evans, and of Cadwallader Evans, for he appoints "my loving 
uncle, Cadwallader Evans, [and] my cousins Evan Evans, Owen 
Evans [the sons of Thomas], John Jones, carpenter, and John 
Evans " [son of Cadwallader], to be overseers of his will. The 
relationships disclosed in this lead to the conjecture that Robert 

1 A Robert John (but that it was the same I do not pretend to say) brought a cer- 
tificate to Haverford meeting, 12th mo. 10, 1696, from Hendre Mawr meeting, in 
Merionethshire, Wales. At the same time Hugh Griffith, and children (who may have 
been, after all, the same that settled in Gwynedd in 1698), brought their certificate from 
the same place. 


John was the son of Evan John, of Merion, who was brother 
to Reese John, and that Evan John's wife was the sister of the 
four Evans brothers. In this way Robert would be first cousin 
to John Jones, carpenter (son of Reese John), and to the sons of 
Thomas and Cadwallader Evans. 

We know, further, that Robert John, of Gwynedd, married, 
in 1 706, Gainor Lloyd, of Merion, widow, and that, at his death, 
in 1732, he left two children, John and Ellin. The records of 
Gwynedd meeting show : 

1. John, b. 5th mo. 8th, 1707. 

2. EUin, b. 4th mo. 19th, 1709. 

In his will, Robert John (now calling himself Jones) ap- 
points his widow and his son John executors. He gives John 
" the plantation I now live on," containing 300 acres, and also 
" all that part of the tract of land lately bought of Cadwallader 
Foulke, which lyeth the east side of the great road, containing 
by estimation about 185 acres," with its buildings and 
appurtenances.^ To Ellin he leaves the remainder of the Cad- 
wallader Foulke tract, "being divided from the other part by the 
great road, containing 150 acres." He also gives Ellin "one 
case and drawers, and the table belonging to the same, both 
standing in the new house ^ chamber." 

Robert John, in the deed to him, by Cadwallader Foulke, is 
called "gentleman." He was a justice of the peace for many 
years, and was a member of the Provincial Assembly, — 
altogether a useful and excellent citizen. 

Thomas Evan, whose house we have definitely located as on 

1 This shows where it was that Evan ap Hugh, the first settler, had built his house, 
— i.e., north-east of the line on which the "great road," now the turnpike, was sub- 
sequently laid out. 

' Robert John's " new house " was no doubt where the borough of North 
Wales now is, — probably the Jacob Shearer (now Swartley) place, on the west side of 
the turnpike. 


the site of the old Heist hotel (now Cardell's), had, besides 
daughters, who will be fully mentioned in the P_lvans Genealogy, 
four sons : 

1. Robert, " of Merion," " eldest son and heir," d. 1754. 

2. Hugh, "of Merion," d. 1771, a;^'^ed 92. 

3. Evan, of Gwynedd, preacher, b. 1684, d. 1747. 

4. Owen, of Gwynedd, d. 1757. 

Among these four sons, Thomas Evan seems to have divided 
up the whole of his tract, during his lifetime, and not many 
years after the first settlement. They had something like equal 
shares, and their lands lay in this order : Evan on the Whitpain 
line, then Robert, then Owen, then Hugh, reaching to the 
Montgomery line. (But Robert and Hugh and their father 
were concerned at different times in conveyances of the lands 
they held, and I have not thoroughly sifted out these trans- 
actions.) The sale of 236 acres by the father to Evan took 
place in 1713 ; and in December, 171 5, he made a deed for 306 
acres to Owen. The latter's plot lay near the middle of the 
original great tract, the deed showing that it must have been on 
both sides of where the turnpike now is, and have included the 
Meredith farm (now Jonathan Lukens' estate), and part or all of 
that of the late Algernon S. Jenkins. On the south-western side 
was property of Robert Evan, and on the north-eastern that of 
Hugh Evan, — corresponding to the statement made above. 

Of these four brothers, Evan and Owen lived and died in 
Gwynedd. The former, a preacher, will be referred to more 
fully in a subsequent chapter. Owen lived on the Meredith 
place, and I think the old house there, still standing, was built 
by him. It was very old, Margaret Meredith says, when her 
father. Dr. Joseph Meredith, bought it in 18 14. Owen Evans 
was an active Friend, and has a short memorial in the John 
Smith manuscript collection. He was a store-keeper by occu- 


pation, was a justice of the peace, and for many years a member 
of the Provincial Assembly ; was twice married, and died in 


The other two sons, Robert and Hugh, appear to have lived 

mostly in Merion, where they both died. Both were men of 
considerable property. In deeds, 1705 and 1709, Robert is 
located " of Merion." Further details will be given concerning 
him and his brother Hugh in the chapter on the Evans Gene- 
alogy. Concerning their father, however, it may be here stated 
that in 1722 he married, for his second wife, Hannah Davies, of 
Goshen, Chester county. She was then a widow for the second 
time. Her first husband was Reese John, of Merion (the Reese 
John William repeatedly mentioned in this volume ; by him she 
was the mother of John Jones, carpenter, of Montgomery, and 
other children) ; her second husband, whom she married about 
1702, and who died about 1720, was Ellis David, of Goshen; 
and for her third she took, in 1722, our Gwynedd chief of the 
clan Evans. He was then 71 years old, and she 66} After 
his marriage he removed to Goshen, and. the Friends' records 
show the certificate of Gwynedd meeting, given for his removal, 
in which he is called " our antient friend Thomas Evans ;" and 
while it speaks of him very highly, it adds that " many of us 
were more willing if he could find his way clear to have finished 
the remainder of his days where he was more conversant." 

Thomas, however, lived out his span of life at Goshen. 
They made him an overseer of the meeting there, from 1735 to 
1737 ; in 1738, the 12th of loth month, he died, aged 87 years. 
His widow survived him until 9th month 29th, 1741, when she 
died, aged 85. Her will is on record in Philadelphia, and she 
leaves bequests to her several children, and to various other 

1 His son Hugh had married her daughter Lowry. 
' See further details in the Jones Genealogy, post. 


Establishment of the Friends^ Meeting. 

IN any narrative of the early life of Gwynedd, the Friends' 
meeting occupies a conspicuous place. It and the first 
settlement are associated in all the old accounts. The meeting 
is substantially as old as the township ; the erection of the meet- 
ing-house was almost the first object of the people's common 
efforts ; and for three-quarters of a century it was the only place 
of public worship within the township. Located at the 
geographical centre, for the common convenience, it was the 
centre, likewise, of the most important and serious interests of 
the community. These fervently religious people held sacred 
their house of worship, but, besides, it was dear to them as the 
place where they celebrated their simple but solemn ceremonials 
of marriage, and where, with repressed but not the less strong 
sorrow, they committed the remains of their dead to the final 
rest. Closely attached to each other, not only as countr}^men 
whose race feeling is proverbial, but by ties of kindred which 
made them almost a single family, they formed in the beginning 
a singularly compact and united body, and when they gathered 
at the meeting-house, it was a re-union of members whose 
interests, feelings, and ideas were all in common. The First- 
day morning gathering, the exhortation by Robert Evans, or his 
brother Cadwallader ; the greetings when meeting broke, the 
chat outside, under the white-oaks and buttonwoods, made a 
most important feature in the quiet life of the little community ; 
while the visit of Friends from Merion or Plymouth, with a 


sermon by Hugh Roberts, Ellis Pugh, or Rowland Ellis, was 
an experience awakening its special interest ; and such extraor- 
dinary occasions as an appointed meeting by a famous preacher, 
— Thomas Chalkley, or John Fothergill, perhaps, — were 
events that stirred it to its depths. 

The minute-book of Gwynedd monthly meeting begins in 
1 7 14, with several minutes, reciting the authority (from Haver- 
ford monthly and Philadelphia quarterly meetings) for organiz- 
ing the new monthly meeting, and it also gives the following 
historical account : 

"This place hath been originally settled by the present inhabitants, 
most of them yet Uving, and called by the name of Gwynedd township, 
in the latter end of the year 1698, and beginning of the year 1699. The 
Principal Settlers and Purchasers among others were William Jones, 
Thomas Evans, Robert Evans, Owen Evans, Cadwallader Evans, Hugh 
Griffith, John Hugh, Edward Foulke, John Humphrey, and Robert Jones. 
Amongst all those concern' d in this settlem't, there were but few particu- 
lars that publickly appeared for Truth before they came from their Native 
Country, though several among them were convinced and had a Secret 
Love to Truth and Its followers, and soon after gave Obedience & Gradu- 
ally Joined in a new Society. These few mentioned, with the first Con- 
veniency often met together to wait upon the Lord, at the houses of John 
Hugh and John Humphrey, until more were added to their numbers. 

" In the year 1700, two years after our arrival in this land, a Meet- 
ing House was Built, and meetings kept therein by the Consent and 
approbation of Haverford Monthly Meeting, unto which we at first Joyn'd 
ourselves, and under whose care we were for a time. 

"And finding our number to Increase, and Truth prevail, it was 
thought necessary to Build a new Meeting House, which was erected in 
1712, and on the 19th of the Ninth Month in the same year the first meet- 
ing of worship was held therein. 

"Our numbers still Increasing by many adjacent Settlers Coming in, 
and a young Generation arising, and not having the opportunity of a 
Monthly Meeting of worship amongst ourselves, for the benefit of the 
People in General, more especially the young and rising Generation, yt 


are not so well acquainted with the Discipline of Truth, a Consideration 
arose in the minds of Fr'ds to Gwynedd and Plymouth Meetings, and a 
religious concern to have the same settled among us, and in order thereto 
profess' d their Inclination to Haverford Monthly Meeting for their appro- 
bation. The which was obtained. Together with the Concurrence of the 
Quarterly Meeting att Philadelphia, and immediately was put In 

This minute contains the substance of the history of the 
meeting, from the arrival of the settlers until 17 14, but some 
further details may conveniently be added. The following is 
from the records of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting : — 

loth mo. 4th, 1699. Rowland Ellis, in behalf of Haverford Monthly 
Meeting, having acquainted this meeting that several Welsh people, 
Friends and others, are lately settled on ye East side of Scuylkill, in 
this county, about 20 miles off from this place, who for some time have 
had a First day's meeting by ye advice and consent of ye sd meeting of 
Haverford, which is also a Third day's weekly meeting, being brought 
hither for ye concurrence of the meeting, is approved, and in regard ye 
said people understand not ye English tongue, they desired to be joyned 
to Haverford Monthly Meeting for ye present, which is also approved of." 

Minutes on the Haverford records are as follows : 

1699. — There is a General Meeting appointed at Gwynedd, the 
second weekly Third-day \i.e. the second Tuesday] of every month, at 
the desire of Friends there. 

1703. — Gwynedd Friends desire their Preparative Meeting removed 
from their General Meeting day to the last Third-day in the month ; which 
was approved. 

1 7 14. — At the Monthly Meeting held at Radnor meeting-house, the 
9th day of the loth month, it is left for further consideration what time 
to appoint the monthly meetings of Gwynedd and Plymouth ; which was 
left to the appointment of this meeting by the Quarterly Meeting [of 
Philadelphia] . 

Gwynedd and Plymouth Friends, after consideration what day is 
suitable for their Monthly Meeting, propose the last Third-day in ever}- 
month ; which this meeting acquiesces with. 


But, returning to the time of the settlers' arrival, it must be 
understood that most of them were not then avowed Quakers. 
The language of the first minute quoted above is that there 
were " but few " who had publicly appeared as such, before 
coming over, though "several" had been "convinced," and 
had "a secret love" for the Friends, etc. Of those who com- 
posed the "few" we are left uncertain, beyond the names of 
John Hugh and John Humphrey, but I am inclined to think 
that Hugh Griffith was another. The other settlers were still 
nominally members of the Established Church of England. It 
therefore resulted that at first the Friends met for religious ser- 
vice (as is stated in the minute) at the houses of John Hugh 
and John Humphrey ; while the others held a meeting on each 
Sabbath at the house of Robert Evans. The latter had no 
ordained minister, but Cadwallader Evans in part supplied the 
place of one by reading to them, as tradition says, from his 
Welsh Bible, — but, as very easily may have been, from the 
Church service-book itself.^ This meeting must have been 
composed, for some time, of a considerable number of persons, 
for it included most of the colony. In the winter's cold, next 
after their arrival, it is reasonable to presume that they crowded 
as best they could inside Robert's dwelling, but as the warmer 
days of spring came on, it may be believed that they found 
seats without, where upon the meadow bank that descends from 
the house to the rivulet below, the Sabbath sun shone down 
upon them, and as he read, lighted the pages of Cadwallader' s 

Precisely how long this meeting was maintained is not 

1 The Welsh Bibles of that day had prefixed a number of pages containing the 
Church of England services. The late Dr. J. J. Levick had the Bible of Thomas 
Jones, of Marion (son of John ap Thomas), and it is of this sort. It was " Printeedig 
y° Llundain gan John Bill, Christopher Barker, Thomas Newcomb, a Henry Hills, 
Printyr," in 1678; and Cadwallader's volume was probably one of the same. 


certain, but probably not more than a year. When the first 
Friends' meeting-house was built, in i/oo, it would appear 
that all joined in the work. The story is well known how, 
according to tradition, the two bodies of worshipers were 
united, though there have been, at times, somewhat different 
versions of it. Jesse Foulke, of Penllyn, the great-grandson of 
Edward, the immigrant, seems to be our best authority. He 
was born in 1742, and had the society, until he grew to man- 
hood, of his grandfather, Thomas Foulke, — who was nearly 
grown up, at the time of the settlement, and who lived until 
1762, and could have been given Jesse details concerning the 
early experiences of the settlers. Jesse's account ^ was this : 

" But, as Cadwallader Evans himself related, he was going 
as usual to his brother Robert's, when, passing near to the 
road to Friends' meeting, held at John Hugh's and John Hum- 
phrey's, it seemed as if he was impressed ' to go down and see 
how the Quakers do.' This he mentioned to his friends at the 
close of their own meeting, and they all agreed to go to the 
Friends the next time ; where they were all so well satisfied that 
they never again met in their own worship." 

The other form of the story is that one of the brothers 
Evans was passing near a gathering at which William Penn was 
preaching, and that, hearing his voice, he paused to listen, 
and, being deeply impressed, brought over his meeting to the 

But it would be altogether unreasonable to attach ver}' 
great weight to either of these stories. The first is the more 
likely, — the second being open to serious criticisms relating to 
dates, etc. The fact is that the settlement was made under 
the auspices and by the influence of the Welsh Friends, and 

1 Watson's Annals, Vol. II., p. 78. 
*Ibid., p. 79. 


must have been from the outset thoroughly S}'mpathetic with 
them. Its close relationships of all kinds with the Merion 
Welsh, who were generally Friends, the leadership of Hugh 
Roberts in the immigration, and facts known concerning the 
religious inclinations of the settlers, — e.g., Edward Foulke and 
his wife, — go to show that it was an easy and natural step 
for all to unite in one religious body. As to Robert Evans, 
indeed, the memorial of him by Gwynedd monthly meeting 
says that " some time before he left his native country he for- 
sook the national worship, and went to Friends' meetings, and 
soon after his arrival entered into close fellowship with Friends." 
And as all accounts agree that it was at his house that the 
settlers who were churchmen assembled, it will be seen how 
unlikely it was that there was any considerable distance of 
religious opinion to be traversed between them and the others 
who were Friends. Robert and Cadwallader no doubt led them 
over, and the precise manner of the change may easily have 
been according to the Jesse Foulke tradition. 

The first meeting-house, built in 1700, was of logs. It 
must have been small. It stood on the site of the present 
house. The ground was part of the tract of Robert Evans. 
It is nearly the highest spot in the township, and almost exactly 
in the township's geographical centre. The place was then 
covered with the original forest, but standing on such an ele- 
vation, and looking away to the south and south-east, a beau- 
tiful view must then have been enjoyed, as now it is, of the 
valley lands of the townships below, and of the distant slopes 
of Chestnut Hill. The height, the prospect, the forest-clad 
hill-sides, were all elements in the situation agreeable to the 
Welshmen, natives of a hill country, and lovers of the 

The second meeting-house, completed in 1712, was of 


stone, and much larger than the first. It stood, also, upon the 
same site as the present one, and was torn down when the 
latter was erected, in 1823. The subscription paper for its 
erection, long preserved in the family of Edward Foulke's de- 
scendants, was in Welsh, with the dates 1710— 1 1, and had sixty- 
six signers, headed by William John and Thomas Evans. The 
sums given by each ranged from eleven pounds down to one 
pound, and aggregated about two hundred. Joseph Foulke, in 
his Journal, says : 

" Hugh Griffith assisted in building the meeting-house, in the years 
1711-12. The subscription paper, the preamble of which is in the Welsh 
language, is yet in our possession ; some of the members contributed as 
much as the worth of one hundred bushels of wheat in that day. The 
house they erected was a permanent commodious stone building, with 
two galleries for the youth, and several principal rafters in a hip-roof, 
firmly united, so that taking it down in 1823, in order to build a new 
house, we found no small difficulty in separating the ancient wood- 

At the time of estabUshing the monthly meeting, in 17 14, 
Gwynedd must have become a strong meeting. The Friends at 
Plymouth were not so numerous. The monthly meeting was 
held at Gwynedd entirely, those from Plymouth attending there. 
This arrangement continued until 17 19, when it was agreed to 
hold the monthly meeting at Plymouth four times a year, — in 
the 3d, 6th, 9th and 12th months. 

Before 17 14 all the records concerning the GAvynedd 
Friends — including marriages, births, deaths, removals, etc. — 
were kept in the Haverford books ; after that time the Gwynedd 
monthly meeting books preserved such records. The marriage 
list in the latter begins with the two weddings of 6th month 
(August) 25th, when two of the Evans daughters, first cousins, 
— Sarah, the daughter of Thomas, and Ann, daughter of 
Robert, — married two bridegrooms from the Welsh Tract, 


beyond Schuylkill, — Edward Jones, son of John Evans, of Rad- 
nor, and William Roberts, son of Edward, of Merion. These 
marriages took place, as was the usage, in the meeting-house, 
in the presence of a large assembly ; and though many others 
had already been solemnized there (under authority of Haverford 
monthly meeting) we can easily believe that this was regarded 
as a remarkable occasion. It needs little imagination to picture 
the stir the double wedding would cause in the settlement, 
or how lively a topic of conversation it must have made 
from the hills of Gwynedd away to the farthest farm-houses 
of Radnor and Haverford ; nor is it difficult to see the two 
young wives miounting on horseback behind their husbands, 
and riding down by the rude road through Plymouth to the ford 
over the Schuylkill at Spring Mill, with curious but not unkind 
eyes gazing upon the cavalcade from every cabin that stood 
along the way. 

The following further extracts from the early minutes of 
Gwynedd monthly meeting will present some additional facts 
of interest : 

nth mo. 22, 1 7 14-15. It is agreed that the monthly meeting for 
Gwynedd and Plymouth meetings is to be called by the name of Gwynedd 
Monthly Meeting, to be held the last Third-day in every month, unless 
occation appear for another day. 

John Evans is appointed by this meeting to be clerk for ye same. 
Edward Foulke and Robert Jones overseers. 

2d mo. 26, 171 5. Perquioman [Upper Providence] Friends are 
granted liberty until the 9th month next, to hold a meeting on the first 
First-day of every other month. 

5th mo. 26th, 171 5. Perquioman ffrds proposed for Liberty to Build 
a meeting-house and settle a Burying-Ground ; the matter is referred to 
further consideration. — [Next month :] the matter being considered, 
Liberty as to the burying-place at present is only granted. 

2d mo. 25, 1725. Gwynedd First-day morning meeting to begin at 


lo o'clock, by reason of ye afternoon meeting being held at several 

1722. This meeting hath had in Consideration afternoon meetings, 
& it is agreed y' our first-day morning's meetting begin at 10 o'clock, and 
in the afternoon at 4' clock. 

1725. Gwynedd Friends acquainted this meeting [i.e. the monthly 
meeting, which included also Plymouth and Richland] " of their necessity 
to enlarge their meeting-house," and inquired whether they might 
take subscriptions from ' such as are frequenters ' of the meeting. The 
latter question, "after some discourse is referred to y" Quarterly Meeting 
att Philadelphia ; ' ' [and in the month following the report was made 
that the matter was left by the quarterly to the discretion of the monthly 

loth mo. 28, 1725. Gwynedd Friends have agreed with John Cad- 
walader, John Jones, and John Evans to perform y^ enlargement of their 

4th mo. 29, 1725. The Friends at Swamp [Richland, Bucks county] 
are granted leave to hold a Preparative Meeting. 

1 72 1. John Rumford, from Haverford, and George Boone, from 
Abington, [present themselves] in order to joyn themselves to this meet- 
ing. "The said Friends also requested the concurrence of this meeting to 
fix a Convenient place for a burial, and liberty to build a Meeting-House 
thereon to accommodate the few Friends residing in them parts." [This 
refers to the establishment of the meeting at Oley, Berks county. A little 
later, on the records, we have mention of "John Rumford, att Oley."] 

5th mo. 27, 1725. Friends at Oley granted a Preparative Meeting. 

1725. Our Friends at y® Swamp moved att this meetting their neces- 
sity to settle a Burying-Ground, that by y® meetting being too rocky ; 
desiring assistance [etc.]. A committee is appointed to consult with them 
and endeavor to settle a place. [Next month :] The Frds appointed last 
meeting to assist Swamp Frds, having visited y'' place proposed by them. 
Also concluding in some convenient time y° meetting-house may be re- 
moved there, They think it a proper place, and most of y'^ Frds residing 
there approve of it, and also this meeting does, too. 

7th mo. 27, 1736. A Youths' Meeting is appointed on y® second 
Third-day of 2d and 8th months. 

The quarterly meeting to which the Friends of Gwynedd 


originally belonged was that of Philadelphia. It was not until 
1786 that Abington Quarter, composed of the monthly meet- 
ings of Abington, Horsham, Gwynedd, and Richland, was estab- 
lished. This is now (1884) held at four several places once a 
year : at Abington in the second month, Horsham in the fifth, 
Gwynedd in the eighth, and Byberry in the eleventh. 

From Gwynedd monthly meeting, after its establishment in 
17 14, other monthly meetings were presently set out. The 
Friends at Richland, increasing in numbers, and finding it a 
long distance to come to Gwynedd, had a monthly meeting 
granted them in 1742. In 1737, the settlement of Friends at 
Oley, which looked to Gwynedd as its parent, was allowed 
a monthly meeting. The Friends' settlement at Providence, 
(called commonly Perkiomen in the early records, and with 
the name spelled variously) was also an offshoot from Gwynedd, 
and Providence meeting, until it was " laid down," some fifteen 
years ago, belonged to Gwynedd Monthly Meeting. A minute, 
in 1723, of appointments of persons to keep "true accounts of 
births and burials," names " Hugh Foulke and John Jones, for 
Gwynedd meeting, John Rees for Plymouth, George Boone for 
Oley, Andrew Cramer for Perquioman ; none from the Swamp 
[Richland] being present." 

The present meeting-house, much larger than that of 171 2, 
was built in 1823. At the time of its erection, the number of 
members and others who habitually attended warranted so large 
a house, but the time is long since past when its benches are 
filled, except upon very extraordinary occasions. For a num- 
ber of years it has been the custom to open only half the house 
— the southern end — on First-days, and even this is more than 
sufficient for the congregations that usually assemble. 


Details Concerning the Early Friends. 

THE Friends' meeting was strong in numbers, from the time 
when all the settlers joined in it, but it was, besides, 
strong in the character of its membership. The attendance, 
frequently, of Ellis Pugh and Rowland Ellis, from Plymouth, 
and the ministry of those who belonged to Gwynedd particular 
meeting, made the gathering here one of religious life and vigor. 
" From the first establishment of Gwynedd meeting," says John 
Comly in his Frioids' Miscellany,^ "we notice many Friends 
remarkable for great integrity and uprightness, and of deep 
religious experience." 

At first Robert and Cadwallader Evans were the only 
preachers. The former perhaps was not so strong a man, 
intellectually, as the latter, and from the fact that Cadwallader 
was the reader in the early Sabbath gatherings, we infer the 
superiority of his education. But both were men of weight, and 
both deeply respected in the community. Samuel Smith, in his 
History of Pennsylvania, speaks of " Robert and Cadwallader 
Evans, two brothers, who stood faithful not only in word and 
doctrine, but their exemplary lives and conversations, and their 
services among their neighbors, rendered their memories 
precious to many, though they could neither read nor write in 
any but the Welsh language." 

The sermons of both brothers were doubtless delivered in 
Welsh ; this is indicated by Rowland Ellis's statement in Phila- 

iVol. III., p. 371. 


delphia Monthly Meeting, quoted in the preceding chapter. In 
the manuscript collection of memorials, made by John Smith, of 
Burlington, there is one of Gwynedd Monthly Meeting concern- 
ing Robert Evans. Mentioning his birth in Wales, his emigra- 
tion, and settlement in Gwynedd, it says : 

" Some time before he left his native country he forsook the 
national worship, and went to Friends' meetings, and soon after 
his arrival he entered into close fellowship and union with 
Friends. He was a very diligent frequenter of our meetings. 
* * * * j^g j^^^ ^ gj|i(. jj-^ ^]^g ministry which was well 

received, as it was chiefly remarks on his own experience in 
religion * * * * " 

Robert died in the ist month (March), 1738, and Thomas 
Chalkley, in his Journal, says : " I was at the burial of Robert 
Evan, of North Wales. He was upward of four score years of 
age, and one of the first settlers there ; — a man who lived and 
died in the love of God and of his neighbors, of whom I believe 
it might be truly said, as our Saviour said of Nathaniel, ' Behold 
an Israelite indeed in whom there is no guile.' He was a min- 
ister of Christ, full of divine and religious matter." 

The printed volume of Memorials published in 1787 by the 
Yearly Meeting of Philadelphia (frequently referred to in this 
volume) contains twelve memorials from Gwynedd Monthly 
Meeting, three of them referring to Friends — Ellis Pugh, Row- 
land Ellis, and William Trotter — who belonged to Plymouth 
particular meeting. The other nine were of Gwynedd, — Cad- 
wallader Evans, Evan Evans, Alice Griffith, Ann Roberts, John 
Evans, Jane Jones, Ellen Evans, Mary Evans, and William 
Foulke. In the John Smith manuscript collections there are 
several more memorials, — of Robert Evans, just quoted, Owen 
Evans, Rowland Roberts, Margaret Jones, John Humphrey, and 


In relation to Cadwallader Evans, the memorial in the 
printed volume ^ says : " He was a diligent and seasonable 
attender of our religious meetings. On First-days particularly 
he was ready an hour before the time appointed, and then read 
several chapters in the Bible or some religious book ; as the 
time approached he would frequently observe the time of day, 
and by means of such watchful care he was seated in meetings 
one of the first, and scarcely ever after the time appointed. * * 
He received a gift in the ministry, in the exercise whereof he 
was generally led to speak of his own experience in religion and 
the Christian warfare ; and his testimony, though short, was in- 
structive, lively, and manifestly attended with divine sweetness. 
Notwithstanding it was always acceptable, he was very cautious 
of appearing, lest any, as he often said, should be drawn from a 
right concern of mind, to place their dependence on words." 
The memorial further speaks of his usefulness "in many ser- 
vices of the church, especially that weighty one of visiting 
Friends in their families," and says his endeavors "in that skill- 
ful and tender office of healing discord in private families were 
remarkably successful. In such services he spent much of the 
latter part of his life, riding about from one house to another ; 
and where no cause of reprehension appeared, he interspersed 
his discourse on common affairs with useful hints, solid remarks, 
and lessons of instruction ; but where admonition or comfort 
was necessary, the propriety of his advice, and the uprightness 
of his life, added weight to his labors and seldom failed of good 
effects. * * * * j^ ^.^g j^jg practice, in winter evenings 
especially, to read the holy scriptures in his family, and was 
particularly careful that neither child nor servant should be from 
home at unseasonable hours, being highly sensible how slipper}- 
the paths of youth are, and how numerous the snares which 
attend them." 

1 Collection of 1787, p. 130. 


It is evident, however, that both Robert and Cadwallader 
were not frequent or extended in their communications. They 
were exhorters rather than preachers. The memorial in rela- 
tion to Ann Roberts (wife of Rowland), says " her first coming 
among us [1705-10] was seasonable, for we having few minis- 
ters, the field before her was extensive, in which she labored 

A little later, other ministers appeared. Prominent among 
these were two of the second generation — Evan Evans, son of 
Thomas, and John Evans, son of Cadwallader. From the 
memorial of the latter, from which I shall presently quote more 
at length, it seems he must have appeared as a minister about 
171 2— 13, and a passage in the Journal of Jane Hoskens,^ who, 
from '17 1 2 to 1 7 16, was a teacher in Friends' families at Ply- 
mouth, gives us the impression of a religious awakening during 
that period. She says : 

"About this time, the Lord was graciously pleased to renew 
his merciful invitation unto the Friends and inhabitants of North 
Wales and Plymouth. Many of the youth were reached. * * 
Several were called to the work of the ministry. * * Among 
the many others favored was our dear and well-beloved friend 
and brother, John Evans, who was blessed with an excellent gift 
in the ministry * * * * 

Concerning John Evans, the memorial^ says he was " a man 
of good natural understanding, and favored early in life to see 
the necessity of a diligent attention to the voice of Divine wis- 
dom. In the twenty-third year of his age [he was born in 
1689] he appeared in the ministry. * * * He had a clear, 

1 See her Journal, at length, in Friends' Miscellany , Vol. III. Jane was an inter- 
esting character. She was a young girl, who had come over from London under 
trying circumstances, and who, in Philadelphia, to pay her passage money, engaged 
herself for four years as teacher. She began to preach when about 21. 

^ Collection of 1787, p. 175, 


engaging manner of delivery, was deep in heavenly mysteries, 
and plain in declaring them ; being well acquainted with the 
holy scriptures, he was made skillful in opening the doctrines 
therein contained, and was often led to draw lively and instruct- 
ive similitudes from the visible creation. He traveled through 
most of the northern colonies in the service of truth, and several 
times through this province. He was often drawn to attend 
general meetings, funerals, and other public occasions, par- 
ticularly the adjacent meetings after their first establishment. 
* * * He was a zealous promoter of visiting Friends in their 
families. He was many times engaged therein, and his labors 
were awakening and useful ; often employ'd in visiting the sick, 
the widow, and the fatherless and others in affliction ; on these 
occasions he was seldom large in expression, but his silent sym- 
pathy and secret breathing for their relief was more consolatory 
than many words ; a considerable part of his time was spent in 
assisting widows, and the guardianship of orphans, which, 
though laborious to him, was of much advantage to them." 

John Evans died in September, 1756, his ministry having 
covered about fifty-four years. He was undoubtedly one of the 
strongest and most influential characters of his time. His cousin 
Evan probably began to preach a little later than he, but the 
two for many years were closely associated. Amongst the 
minutes from the monthly meeting records there are indications 
of this, and in the memorial of Evan it is said of the two men 
that " their friendship was pure, fervent, and lasting as their 
lives, and their separation a wound to the latter [John Evans] , 
the remembrance of which he never wholly survived. They 
travelled together through many of these colonies in the ser\'ice 
of the ministry." 

Some extracts from the monthly meeting records may here 
be presented : 


ly 22. A certificate for Evan Evans, John Evans, Hugh Foulk, and 
Ellis Hugh, ministers, in order to recommend them to y* Quarterly Meet- 
ting of Ministers and Elders at Philadelphia, was read and approved. 

1722. Application being made on behalf of Margaret Jones for a 
few lines to y® Quarterly Meeting of Ministers, to signifie our unity with 
her ministry [a committee was appointed] . 

1723. Evan and John Evans laid before this Meetting a concern 
they had to visit some meetings in the Jerseys. They both being young 
and pretty much unknown they laid it to Consideration whether it be 
proper to have a few lines with 'em. 

1723. Our friend Ann Roberts having returned from her visit to 
North Carolina and Virginia produced two certificates, which was read and 
well received. 

1724. Hugh Foulke acquainted this meeting a concern lay upon his 
mind to visit Frds at Long Island. [Rowland EUis and Cadwallader 
Evans were appointed to draw a certificate for him.] 

1725. 6th mo. 31st. Sarah Davis laid before this Meeting her Concern 
to visit Frds in Maryland and y® adjacent parts of this Province. [This 
approved, and in 12th mo. following :] Sarah Davis produced a certificate 
of her travels in Maryland which was read and received. 

30th of y* 9th mo., 1725. It is agreed y' y^ Meeting of Ministers 
signifie on the behalf of our friends Cadwallader Evans, Row. Robert, 
Andrew Dean and Mary Foulke, y' y® few words dropped by them is in a 
general way well received. 

5th mo. 26th, 1726. It is agreed here with y* concurrance of y" 
Women's Meeting, that Alice_ Griffith, Ellin David, and Ellin Evans be 
constituted and appointed Elders and Assistants in y'= affairs of y* ministry. 

At precisely what time it was that the meeting was strongest 
in ministers I am not able to say, but probably between 1725 
and 1745. Joseph Foulke in his manuscript Journal speaks of 
its strength in early times, and says : 

" I have heard my parents say that at one time fourteen 
approved ministers belonged to the [monthly ?] meeting, and 
when the Yearly Meeting was held at Burlington, N. J., the 
late George Dillwyn remarked that in his youthful days North 
Wales was called 'the school of the prophets.' " 


From the Journal of John Fothcrgil!/ of luigland, we get 
some ghmpses of the Friends at Gwynedd, about this time. 
In 1 72 1, accompanied by Lawrence King, he was visiting meet- 
ings in America, and we find the following passages in his 
Journal : 

"The loth of nth mo. [January] we had a Meeting at Buckingham, 
and went the nth to North Wales, where we lodged at John Evan's, and 
had a good meeting that Evening with a large Number of Friends who 
came to see us. The 12th, being accompanied by several of those and 
some other Friends, we went to a new settled Place called Great Swamp, 
[Richland, Bucks Co.] and tho' the Snow was deep and the Frost very 
vere, yet thro' the Lord's Goodness we got well through, and had a good 
little Meeting with some Friends and other People who came in that Even- 
ing at Peter Leicester's. The 14th we were [again] at the Meeting at North 
Wales, which was very large, several other Professors coming in, and the 
Gospel was preached in its own Authority and Wisdom, and was exalted in 
many souls, [etc.] We had another Meeting that Evening at the House of 
Hugh Foulke, which was much to our Satisfaction. The 15th we had a 
meeting at Plymouth * * and the i6th we were at North Wales 
meeting again ; a large solidly edifying Meeting it was. * * The 

17th we had a meeting at Horsham * * * \Ye lodged that 
night at William Stockdale's, where we had some good service in the Love 
of the Truth that Evening, among a pretty many Friends." 

His Journal continues (after mentioning visits to meetings in 
New Jersey and the neighborhood of Philadelphia) : 

" The 17th [of 1 2th mo., February] we had a Meeting in the Baptist 
Meedng-house near Skippolk [Skippack ?] , at the Request of some of 
them, where the Lord * * gave us a comfortable Time to Gen- 
eral Satisfaction. We parted lovingly, and came that Night to Evan 

1 This John Fothergill (b. 1676; d. 1744), himself an eminent preacher, had 
two distinguished sons, — Dr. John Fothergill (1712-1780), the physician, of London ; 

and Samuel Fothergill ( 1773), a preacher among Friends. Dr. Fothergill was 

one of the most successful physicians of his age : he had an income of £j,<xx>, and he left 
an estate Cf ^80,000, with part of which he endowed the well-known Friends' School 
at Ackworth, in Yorkshire. Both he and his brother Samuel wrote several treatises and 


Evans's, at North Wales, and were the i8th at Friends' Meeting there, 
which was large, and it being First-day we had another in the Evening." 

In 1736, John Fothergill made another visit to this country, 
and was again at Gwynedd. His Journal says : 

" The 27th [of loth mo., December] I set out again into the Country, 
and had a Meeting that Day at Plymouth, and a large one the Day follow- 
ing at North Wales (it being their Monthly meeting for Business), wherein 
we were comforted together." * * * [In the following year, 

having in the meantime visited numerous meetings throughout the country, 
he was at Goshen, near the end of the 8th month (October), and says : "I 
went from there to North Wales, and was at two meetings there, wherein 
Divine Goodness was manifested."] 

Returning to our notice of Evan Evans, we find him 
mentioned by John Churchman as "a grave and soHd Friend." 
Gwynedd Monthly Meeting's memorial ^ speaks of him strongly. 
One or two passages have already been cited. It says " he 
was favored with an excellent gift in the ministry, which he 
exercised in solemn dread and reverence. * * * Besides 
his travels through many of the colonies, he also frequently 
visited the several counties in this province, and more particu- 
larly many of the adjacent meetings in their infancy ; wherein 
his unwearied labours of love tended much to their comfort, 
growth, and establishment in the truth." The memorial alludes 
to his usefulness in the administration of the Society's discipline, 
and to his consistency of conduct in private life ; it adds that 
" he was abroad in the service of truth when attacked with his 
last illness ; and as the disorder was slow and tedious, he 
attended several meetings in the fore part thereof," etc. He 
was about 63 years old when he died, — July 24th, 1747. 

Alice Griffith, the wife of Hugh Griffith, is also amongst 
those who have a memorial in the 1787 Collection. -It says 

1 Collection of 1787, p. 137. 


that " being a woman of great integrity and uprightness of 
heart, she became very serviceable in divers respects ; zealous 
for maintaining good order and Christian discipline in the church. 
She was well qualified for that weighty service of visiting 
families, having at such opportunities to communicate of her 
own experience j * * * ^j^^ * * * ^yould often be 
drawn forth in opening divine mysteries, as if she had been 
in a large assembly, as many witnessess can testffy that have 
been sensibly reached, — yea, baptized by her religious visits." 
The language of the memorial does not convey the impression 
that she was a minister, except in the sense just presented. 
It speaks of her concern to stir up Friends " to a close 
attendance of meetings both on First and other days, as also to 
observe the hour appointed, being herself a good example there- 
in, until, by old age and infirmity of body, she was disabled, 
which was about three years before her removal." She died 
April 1st, 1749, but the memorial does not state her age. 

William Trotter, whose memorial from Gwynedd Monthly 
Meeting is also in the Collection of 1787, was a minister at 
Plymouth. He died on the 19th of 8th month, 1750, aged 
about 53 years and 6 months. It may be presumed that he 
was, occasionally at least, an attendant and minister at Gwynedd. 

Ann Roberts, who died on the 9th of 4th month, 1740, was 
a native of Wales, and had been a minister for fifty years. 
(She was seventy-three at her death.) She was a widow, Ann 
Bennett, of Abington, when she married Rowland Roberts, and 
removed to Gwynedd. The memorial of Gwynedd Monthly 
Meeting, in the 1787 Collection, says: "Her first coming 
to reside among us was seasonable, for we having but 
few ministers, the field before her was extensive, in which she 
labored fervently," etc. Her usefulness in drawing out younger 
ministers is noted, and it is added that " she went pretty much 


abroad, visiting Friends in this and the adjacent provinces, to- 
wit, the Jerseys, Maryland, Virginia, and Carolina, accompanied 
to the remotest parts by her near and dear friend Susanna 
Morris. In her more advanced years she visited Great Britain, 
accompanied by our esteemed friend Mary Pennel * * * 
After her return she met with great difficulties in respect to her 
outward circumstances, which she sustained with Christian 
fortitude. * * * After this, she met with a very heavy 
affliction in the loss of her husband, which she likewise bore 
with becoming resignation," etc. She suffered from the dropsy 
near the close of her life. 

Other memorials are given in the Collection of 1787 con- 
cerning Jane Jones, the wife of John Jones, "carpenter," of 
Montgomery ; Ellen Evans, the wife of John Evans, and daugh- 
ter of Rowland Ellis ; Mary Evans, the wife of Owen Evans ; 
and William Foulke, the son of Thomas. John Comly re- 
marks, in Fi'ioids' Miscellany, what is very noticeable to any 
careful reader of these and the other memorials referred to, that 
they are written with unusual merits of composition. He says 
that " the order, the originality, and perspicuity displayed in 
these documents furnish a lively evidence of the literary qualifi- 
cations of the Friends of Gwynedd and Plymouth," — and the 
candid reader who is at all in sympathy with their subject 
matter, must admit that this praise is fairly bestowed. 

Jane Jones, Ellen Evans, and William Foulke were valued 
members, as is clearly apparent from their memorials, but they 
were not ministers. Mary, the wife of Owen Evans, was born 
in Philadelphia in 1695, and married Owen in 1736. She died 
in 1769. Her memorial says ^ "Her public appearances were 
not very frequent, but when she spoke her testimony was 
fervent, sound, and edifying * * * She was several times 

1 Collection of 1787, p. 276. 


drawn forth in the love of the Gospel to visit Friends in most of 
the provinces on this continent, also the island of Tortola, which 
she undertook with the unity of her friends at home, and re- 
turned with clear and satisfactory accounts of her labors 
amongst those whom she visited." 

Of Margaret Jones, there is a brief extract from the monthly 
meeting memorial in the John Smith manuscripts. It says " she 
received a precious share of Gospel ministiy * * * And 
altho' the latter part of her life was attended with many trials 
and afflictions, nevertheless we believe she held her integrity to 
the end," Margaret was the wife of John Jones, the son of 
William John. She died in April, 1743, and was buried at 

It is impossible to study the records of this early period of 
the colony's experience without being impressed with the 
evident strength of character and the sincere religious nature of 
those who composed it. The tendencies and convictions of the 
people of Gwynedd, at that time, were obviously those of a 
simple and sincere body of Christians, closely united in feeling, 
and maintaining in an unusual degree the primitive virtues of 


Narrative of yohii Htimphrey, of Merion. 

THE following document refers entirely to occurrences in 
Wales, — chiefly hardships experienced by the Friends, at 
certain periods, on account of their religious views. Its relation 
to the history of Gwynedd, it must be admitted, is not direct. 
But many of the incidents and details which it embodies concern 
persons who make a part of this history, and it throws light 
upon the character of the Welsh people who settled in Merion 
and Gwynedd, and upon their manner of life in the old country. 
The document, I believe, has never been printed ; I obtained it 
from a copy preserved amongst the papers of the late Lewis 
Jones, of Gwynedd.^ (In Besse's Sufferings of Friends some of 
the incidents here related at length will be found briefly men- 
tioned, but most of the document is unique.) 

John Humphrey, who left this account, was not the early 
Gwynedd settler of that name, as might reasonably be pre- 
sumed, but another person altogether, and perhaps not even a 
kinsman. He was John Humphrey, "of Merion." He came 
to Pennsylvania in 1683, amongst the first of the Welsh immi- 
grants, and had a considerable tract of land in what is now 
Lower Merion, directly adjoining the Haverford line. He was 
a personal friend of Thomas Lloyd, the associate of Penn, and 
Deputy Governor, and upon the occasion of Thomas's death, 

1 Lewis, I conclude, was the great-great-grandson of Rees John, repeatedly men- 
tioned in John Humphrey's narrative. 


in 1694, sent to his brother Charles Lloyd, of iJolobran, Wales,' 
a well-expressed and impressive letter of condolence, a copy of 
which is also preserved in the Lewis Jones manuscript, but 
which I do not think it necessary to reproduce. 

John Humphrey^ was evidently a person of considerable 
intelligence, and of more than the average education of his time. 
His Narrative, though quaint, is always perspicuously, and often 
strongly, composed ; and his acquaintance with English was so 
unusually good, for a Welshman of his period, that he translated 
into English words and rhyme, Thomas Ellis's "Song of 
Rejoicing," a Welsh poem of three stanzas.^ 

John Humphrey left no children. But many persons of the 
same family name are descended from the sons of his brother 

A Brief Narrative of the Sufferings of the Christian People called Quakers 
at Llwyn Grwill in Merioneth Shire, N'orth Wales, Great Brittain, 
by JoJut Humphrey. 

In the year 1661 our sufferings in Llwyn Grwill was very Cruel, our 
Persecutors driving us out of our Religious Meetings, and putting us in a 

1 The Lloyds were persons of education and wealth. Details concerning them, 
their family descent, etc., may conveniently be consulted in Keith's Provincial Coun- 
cillors of Pennsylvania. 

* He came over in 1683, with his wife Joan, and appears to have been, then, of 
Llwundu, in Merionethshire Their certificate from the Quarterly meeting of Merion- 
ethshire attests that he had been a friend for 23 years {i.e. since about 1660, as indicated 
in his Narrative), that he was faithful in times of great suffering, and that his house 
"was a free receptacle for Friends." It describes him, also, as " a minister, of few 
words, according to his measure." He died in Merion, on the 28th of 7th month, 1699, 
aged 66 years. His will was dated in 1699 and probated in 1700. His wife had died in 
1698. His will shows his interest in literature by a legacy for reprinting an old Welsh 
book or tract, and he proves his kindly disposition by numerous gifts of remembrance 
to children of friends and neighbors. 

3 It is given by Dr. Smith, in his History of Delaivare County. Thomas Ellis was 
an early settler in Haverford, and a prominent citizen, serving for some time as 
Register General of the Province. He died in 1688. 

*Some details as to this family will be found farther on, in a foot-note to the 



Pennfold by the Highway side, while they were drinking and making 
Merry over us, and over the witness of God in themselves, and in a Scoff- 
ing way asking if a little Dog that followed us was the Spirit that led us. 
After they had filled themselves for their work they drove us two Miles by 
the Sea Shore, Abusing us with their Swords, forcing us to trot before their 
Horses, it being late & Intending to Oblige the Ferryman to put us on a 
little Island or bank of Sand in the Sea, where they thought to secure us 
for that Night, that they might find us safe the next Morning, to drive us 
24 miles farther where some of our Friends were in Prison ; they having 
no Warrant or Officer among them ; but some of our kind Neighbors over- 
took us before they had us into the boat, and treated with them between 
Jest and Earnest, so that they released us out of their hands that Night ; 
but Soon after, the same came in the night time and broke open the House 
of John William, the Father of Evan John and Rees John,^ who laid down 
their Bodies in Pennsylvania,' they Violently haled the Family out of their 
Beds Except their Mother, who was a cripple and could not stir but as she 
was helped in Bed, they drove them a Mile before Day, slapping them 
with their Swords (leaving none in the House but the Impotent Woman), 
and they put them in a Ale-House, while they were Seeking After others. 
The chief of them went to the house (where my Wife liv'd with her 
Brother before She was Married), and Knocked at the door ; She, suppos- 
ing who it was, kept the door shut while she dressed herself, knowing he 
had no g-ood Design. When he came in he took her and sent her to the 

1 Evan John and Rees John were early settlers in Merion. The former (as I have 
already said in Chapter VIII.) may have been the father of Robert John, one of the 
first company in Gwynedd. Rees John, — often called Rees John William,?.^. Rees, 
the son of John Williams, — came from Wales in 1684, arriving from Philadelphia on 
the 17th of 7th month (September), in the ship Vine, from Liverpool, William Preeson, 
master- With him were his wife Hannah and their two sons, Richard and Evan, and 
daughter Lowry. They had, after their arrival, several other children, one of whom, 
John, b. 1688, removed about 1710 to Montgomery, and was there well known as John 
Jones, " carpenter." Details concerning him are elsewhere given in this volume, and 
he will be found often alluded to. His (John's) brother Richard married for his first 
wife, Jane Evans ; their sister Lowry was the second wife of Hugh Evans (son of 
Thomas), of Gwynedd; and their mother (widow of Rees John) became the second 
wife of Thomas Evans. So that the connection in different ways between the two 
Johns named above and the settlers of Gwynedd was very intimate. 

2 Rees John died nth mo. 26th, 1697. John Humphrey's Narrative was there- 
fore written between that time and his own death, in 1699. 

JO HN HUMPIfR E V ' S NA R RA 7 7 VE. 97 

rest of the Company, and went up and down taking all Sorts that did not 
go to the Steeple-House, even the Milkmaids from Cottages in their Shifts 
and Petticoats, barefooted, driving them 20 miles before their Horses, not 
Suffering them to go out of the very Channel of the Road. They met an 
old Woman coming from the Mill with a small bag of Meal on her Head 
(her Son and Daughter used to come to our Meetings some times), they 
flung down the bag into the Channel, & made the Old woman trot six 
Miles before their Horses, untill She was quite tired, there they left her in 
the Road, and sent the rest to Prison, to a town Called Balla,' & there 
they remained a Considerable time before they were released. I have 
seen some of these persecutors afterwards come to our Doors & gladly 
would accept of a Crust of Bread at our hands. Soon after they were Re- 
leased they were taken by a Warrant & brought before a Justice who 
tendered the Oath unto them & upon their Refusal they were committed to 
Prison, & also all sorts of Professors that were under the least Convince- 
ment were sent to prison Untill the Prison was filled. There they all Re- 
mained till the Assize, where they paid two shillings & sixpence a Week 
for their Diet besides Duties & Custom which would Amount to a Great 
Sum of Money in a Year, from every one, which was no small gain to the 
Gaoler. Then they began to Count the cost & thought what Estate they 
had would soon be consumed at that Rate, and that it was better for them 
to Yield soon than late, & Such that were not willing to part with all went 
away with the flood at the assize. 

But I may not Omit to Record for a Memorial to Posterity, the faith- 
full Sufferings & sore afflictions in particular of four Friends, to wit, my 
Brother Samuel Humphrey (who Ran his race and finished his Course in 
the land of his Nativity, but his Wife and seven Children ^ in the Year 

^Bala is an important market town in Merionethshire, on the Dee. It is not, 
however, the shire-town, Dolgelly liaving that distinction. 

'The wife (Elizabeth) came, as here stated, in 1683. But her son Daniel had 
preceded her, having come the previous year. Elizabeth's certificate is from the 
Quarterly Meeting of Merionethshire, dated 5th mo. 27th, 1683, and signed by thirteen 
persons, among whom are Owen Humphrey (brother of her deceased husband, and of 
John, the author of the Narrative above), Rowland Ellis, and two Robert Owens. It 
refers also to her children, of whom five are named. From a family list furnished me 
by Philip P. Sharpies, West Chester, the names of her seven children were Lydia, 
Daniel, Benjamin, Joseph, Rebecca, Ann, and Gobitha. Daniel Humphrey took up 
land in Haverford, and m. 1695, Hannah, daughter of Dr. Thomas Wynne, of Wynne- 
wood, in Lower Merion. Rebecca Humphrey {d. 1733) married Edward Reese, who 
d. 1728, and was buried at Merion Friends' m. h. Daniel and Hannah (Wynne) 


1683 Transported themselves to Pennsylvania) ; [and] the two Brothers 
Evan John & Reese John aforementioned, & one John William a poor 
Husband-man who went through great Conflicts & Suffered the Buffeting of 
Saten both within and without. These refused to Swear at all and pro- 
duced a Special Command for it, & by good Authority from the only Law 
giver who hath Power to kill & to save. This Doctrine indeed was not 
Preached at large Amongst us in those Days.^ 

It may be said, as before was said of Peter & John, the Innocent 
Boldness of these Illiterate Men that could not Read nor write save in their 
own Language, the Court were astonished & mad with fury because they 
could not make them bow to their Wills, when so many had obeyed 
their commands & bowed to the Image they had set up and taken the 
Oath upon their knees. Their Anger was kindled against these faithful 
sufferers and [they] Commanded them to be Chain' d in Irons, which 
was Immediately done by the gaoler in Presence of the Court, linking them 
two and two, & Binding their hands on their backs, then Conveyed them 
from thence to the gaoler's House, where they remained all Night in 
that Posture. The County gaol was long 1 2 Miles distant from that town 
& [there] happen' d to be exceeding Stormy weather & great floods in 
their way. When the gaol was Removed they were forced to travel all 
Coupled in Chains, only their hands were loosed & when they were 
brought to the Gaol the Gaoler provided Meat & Drink & Beds at the 
same rate as he Charg'd them and others before Sessions. He put his 
Victuals on a table, and Called some of his Associates to see him tender- 
ing his meat to them, Asking them if that was not sufficient for such 
Men to Eat, & and some said it was Sufficient Enough. Then he Vowed 

Humphrey had ten children, of whom six were sons, and from this couple descended 
(son) Charles, who was a member of the Continental Congress, 1774-76; (grandson) 
Joshua, a great ship-builder of Philadelphia, and designer of several ships of the early 
American navy; (great-grandson) Samuel, who was the Chief Constructor in the 
American navy, from 1815 to 1846; and General A. A. Humphrey, of the U. S. Army, 
who served with distinction in the War against the Rebellion. Elizabeth Humphrey's 
son Benjamin, named in the certificate, setded in Haverford, but removed to Merion, 
where his uncle John, (the Narrative author), dying childless, had left him his own 
farm. He w., 1694, Mary Llewellyn, of Haverford, and died in 1738, aged 76. The 
daughters named in the certificate, Lydia and Ann, m. respectively Ellis Ellis and 
Edward Robert ; Gobitha d. 1697, unmarried. 

1 1 take this to imply that up to this time it had not been urged by Quaker 
preachers, in that part of Wales, that it was wrong to take a judicial oath. 


with Curses & Oaths, that if they would not take that, he would famish 
them to Death, & their Blood should be upon their own Heads, & some 
affirmed that he Might do so, and so he did Endeavour to do for 
a long while, but some means was found in his Absence to Convey a 
little Victuals through a little hole in the wall on the I'oint of a pike 
to keep them alive. They were kept Close Prisoners until the next Assize, 
then the Judge came that Circuit & they were Released, but the Gaoler 
being sorely Vexed by the Disappointment he had from the Quakers, after 
he had Promised himself all they had, he Could get nothing from them, 
then he devised some Mischief against Samuel Humphrey, Supposing him 
to be the Author of his Overthrow. He advanc'd some Action Against 
him in the County Court & got a Writ to the Sheriff, and attacked him on 
a fair Day when he was about his Business, So that he was Clapt in Prison 
in depth of winter, having neither fire nor Cloaths for nine Days &; Nights, 
save what he had on when he was taken and those very wet. Neither 
would he let him have any Repast but what was Conveyed to him in the 
Gaoler's Absence, and so Kept him close confined for several Months, 
until a Friend took the cause in Hand, & the Gaoler was cast in the Suit, 
still wanting advantage. 

I Being all this time sick in Bed, several times threatened to be taken 
out of Bed to Prison, having a Distemper in my Limbs whereby I lost the 
use of my Right leg and thigh for a time, [when] I Recovered a little & 
strove to the Bath. In about a Week after I went there, one Day I was 
Bathing myself and After went to (as their Manner was) Procure Sweat, I 
Slumbered a little, & Dreamed that the same Gaoler Invited the said four 
Friends to his House and laid Meat on the Table before them, telling them 
whether they would Eat or not he would Make them pay. Supposing there 
was Something in it I took my Pen and Pocjcet-Book and Entered the Day 
& hour I saw it. In a little while after I received an account that Upon the 
very same Day & Hour they were taken by the same Gaoler with a writ of 
Quo-Minus from London Upon the Old Action. (I Perceived this was the 
Lord's doings ; therefore I Record It amongst my Memorials.) And so 
they were kept a long while in prison Untill the Gaoler was weary of them 
but got nothing. After they were come home from Prison and I from the 
Bath, Our Meetings were pretty fresh and we did Count the cost & Resolved 
to keep them up, come what would ; so on the first Day of the week those 
that first Molested us came with Swords and Staves into our Meeting, and 
took Old & Young, Male and Female, as many as was able to go and haled 


us before a Justice of the Peace who was a Tender Man and loth to Meddle 
if he could have his choice. But such was the time that if the least ten- 
derness appeared in any of the Magistrates, the Priests and others would 
soon charge them with not being faithful to Ceasar ; and that would cause 
them to pass Sentence against their Judgment. The act of Banishment was 
then in force.' The first & Second Offence was fines which was to be Di- 
vided between the King and the Informers ; and in Case the Parties would 
not pay the fine they [were] Committed to Prison, & there Remain untill 
Payment. The third offence was Banishment. So when we came before the 
Justice he shewed us the Danger we were like to run Ourselves into ; but 
if we would pay the fine and Promise to keep no more Meetings we Should 
be released ; other wise he could do no less than Commit us to Prison. 
We then in short put them all out of Doubt that we would neither pay 
nor Promise any such thing on that Account. Then our names were 
taken, and a Commitment in one Altogether, to send us all to Prison ; I 
perceived it then, & do remember that the Justice might be Called a 
Quaker, [for] his hand did shake till he was Ashamed. When the Com- 
mitment was Ready, Old John Williams (the Father of Reese & Evan 
John) Spoke unto Them on this Wise : "Oh Justice, as thou art to expect 
Mercy when thou Appearest before the Tribunal Seat of God, for his Sake 
shew Mercy now, & let this Girl go home to her Mother, who is a 
Cripple in Bed, and now alone. If the House was on fire she could not 
move herself." 

One that was Present did Chide the old Man for Speaking after that 
Manner. The [justice, however,] was then walking up & Down in the 
Hall, and could not Refrain sheding tears. He said, "Let him alone. 
He speaks in the Anguish of his Soul," and left the Room, being he 

1 This was the Act of Parhament of 1661, strongly pleaded against by the Friends, 
Edward Burrough and Richard Hubberthorn appearing at the bar of the House of 
Commons, and there presenting their arguments. It passed, however, and the King 
(Charles II.) signed it in May, 1662. It is notable that among the few in the House of 
Commons who opposed it, and argued for liberty of conscience, was Edmund Waller, 
the poet. Two other members, Michael Mallett and Sir John Vaughan, took the same 
side, and were subsequently " convinced " of the Friends' doctrines, the latter being 
imprisoned with them, and continued Friendly even when he became Earl of Carberry. 
The act of 1661 forbade the assembling of five or more Quakers, over 16 years old, 
under pretence of religious worship, and inflicted fines or imprisonment for the first and 
second offences, and transportation for the third. A still more severe law was j>assed in 
1664, and while great numbers were imprisoned under them, some were actually 


Could no longer forbear Weeping. We saw him no more that Night. 
It was late by that time, & we had long Eight miles to the County gaol. 
The Constable was loth to send us there, without leaving us go first to our 
Houses, so he Dismissed [us] upon conditions that he Could find us the 
next Day at our Houses. Against Saml. Humphreys went to his Home 
his Wife was in Labour & was Delivered of two Sons before Morning. He 
called them Joseph & Benjamin.^ The Justice had tidings thereof; he sent 
for the Constable, and took up the Commitment, and wished some of us 
would Appear before him. The Constable came to stop his Man who was 
going with some of us to the County gaol, & when he came in Sight he 
Cn''d with a loud Voice, Saying : " Trowch yn ol ! Trowch yn ol I Fe 
roes Duy ei law argalon y gwr," — that is to say, "Turn back; turn 
back; God has laid his hand upon the Man's Heart." So my Brothe^ 
Owen & Samuel Humphreys went to him the Day following, and as they 
were going to Hall, they met his [the Justice's] Mother in the Court. She 
gave them an Account that her Son had been in a sad Condition since 
they had been there. When they went to him he raised his Spirits & told 
that his Hand should not be upon them, but he would Bind them over 
to the Next Quarter sessions, and would venture to Release our Brother 
Saml., tho' he did know what Danger he Should incur. If he Should be 
put to it, he knew the Law would not bear him out. 

When the Quarter-Sessions came the Constable Brought [them] there, 
according to his orders. There was six Justices on the Bench, & the 
Sheriff. Some of them were Men of a Thousand Pounds a Year, & the 
least two Hundred, — most of them in the Prime of their time. \Vhen we 
came before them, they began to deride, mock & Scoff, and in a Scoffing 
Manner asking if we did know the Ffyold Gatholig &c., — that is. Catholic 
faith, &c. Others in a Rage said if we were not Quakers they would make 
us Quake, — make us their Laughing Stocks, — flinging our hats about. 
Our friend Evan Ellis said to them that they took more Delight to sit on 
the Seat of Scorners than on the seat of Justice and Judgment. Then 
they tendered the Oath to us, which we Refused, then they fined us and 
upon Default of Payment they Committed us to the gaol. It being late 
and a long way to the County Prison, we were shut up that Night in a 
Close Room. When it was Night, by the Light of the Moon the whole 
Bench, with one Accord, Both Sheriff" and Justices, save one, came before 

1 This was the nephew to whom John Humphrey left his own estate in Merion. 
He d. 1738, aged 76 years. 


the door, where we were put in, to make Merry over us & over the witness 
of God in themselves. Drinking the King's Health, they Commanded 
the Gaoler to open upon us, & sent in their Parasite to force us to drink 
the King's health. We, lying upon the Ground like Dead bodies, did not 
mind what they said. They had Liquor which they called Aqua Vita. 
They offered us some of it, & in Mocking Manner called it the water of 
Life ; [saying] it would flow out of our Bellies if we would drink of it. 
We Still lay Quiet, answering not a Word. Then they sent the fiddler to 
Play and sing over us and so Continued Tormenting us almost all night, 
pouring drink in our faces and committed an Indecency hardly fit to be 
mentioned. We never moved all this while, for all they could do. When 
it was Day light all was Quiet in Town. I took my Pen & half a Sheet of 
Paper & wrote what the Lord put in my mind, who 1 am Satisfied directed 
my pen to give them a Citation to appear before the Tribunal Seat of God 
Almighty to Answer not only for their Injury done to us but for Crucifying 
to themselves the Son of God afresh, and putting of him to open shame. 
[I] further said that I wished that which they sent to us in a Scoffing 
Manner calling it aqua Vita might not Prove to be Aqua Mortis to them, 
&c. This Paper was sent among them that Day & we were sent to the 
County Gaol. 

It may be observed that some of them were never seen on the Bench 
again, & it was not two Years & a half before the six were in their graves, 
to Wit, five Justices and the high-Sheriff. 

When we came to the Gaol the gaoler after his usual manner Pro- 
vided Meat & Drink, & laid it upon the Table And told us he would use 
us as Gentlemen if we would pay, and if not he would use us Otherwise. 
We Answered we could not Live at that Rate long & would make no 
bargain with him, he swearing as he used to do that he would Famish us 
then, and [he] Endeavored to do so as much as he could. However we 
strove with [it] and lay on the floor until the Assize. Then the Gaol was 
to be removed to Bala. I, being lame, was Obliged to Travel a-foot for 
12 Miles. (If I had brought a Horse he would have Arrested him for the 
fees.) When the Assize came, we Presented our Petition to the Judge, 
and the Second day of the Assize, at Night, as we were going to bed we 
had it deliver' d to him & he read it and Delivered it again to the 
Messenger and Directed that it should be presented to him the Next day, 
as soon as he sat on the Bench, which he did Accordingly, at his first 
Entrance. Then he Read it very serious and Solidly to himself, and 


handed it to the Pathonater to be Read Publicly ; so he began to read, 
until [when] he came to our Terms of Thee & Thou, he Smiled and 
Stuttered. The Judge bade him Read on, as he did, after which we were 
Commanded to be brought to Court. Twelve of the Sheriff's Men came 
with their holberts to Guard us to the Court. Way was made for us to 
Stand at the Barr. The Judge asked us why we did not go to Church to 
worship God and Divine Service. We Replyed that the time was come 
that they that worshiped God according to His will must worship Him in 
Spirit & in Truth, and wheresoever two or three are met together in His 
Name, He Promiseth to be in the midst of them. Several Questions were 
asked by several in Court, some in Earnest & some in Jest, but we 
answered them not. Then the Sheriff's Men guard' d us to the gaol 
again, after they tendered us the Oath, and we Refused. There was a 
little Paper of George Fox's — sent by Shropshire Friends to us, [upon] 
hearing that we suffered on the Account* of Swearing. The contents 
thereof was this : " The Cry of the World is 'Swear and kiss the book,' 
and the Book saith, ' Kiss the Son,' & the Son saith ' Swear not at all.' " 
We did not know how to get it Published, it being so pertinent to the time 
& purpose, [but] we offered one six-pence to nail it on the Court-House 
door. He concluded he would do it, But his Heart failed him, and he 
returned it again saying he did not know but they would count it Treason 
to Publish anything that was against the law. I put it in my Pocket to 
wait another Opportunity. The Day following the Sheriff and his Train 
Came to the Gaol and took from amongst us Old John Williams, the 
Father of Reese John, a short Man with grey hairs and long Beard about 
Seventy Years of Age. He alone was taken to the Court. The Judge 
asked if he would Pay the fines. He Answer' d in his own Language that 
he wronged no Man, he was a poor husbandman. Endeavoring to keep 
his conscience void of offence towards God & Man, earning his Bread 
with the sweat of his brow, paying Duties and Customs to whom it was 
due. Then he was Commanded to be put in a loft at the other End of the 
Hall, where he was a straight object before the Judge's face, which, as 
many supposed. Affected his Heart with Pitty to the poor, Innocent, Old 
Man, for the Judge could not turn his Eyes from him all the while. Then 
his son, Reese John, was fetched from us to Court ; and as they were 
leading him along they told him that his father had taken the Oath, and 
promis'd to pay the fine. Howbeit he was so steadfast in his Mind that 
they Could not move him, altho' he knew not what was become of his 


Father. The Court Demanded the fine from him, & tendered the oath & 
he Refused ; then he was turned to his Father. The Next was Hugh 
Price, whom they endeavored to persuade to do as they said the others had 
done, but to no effect. And when they saw that nothing would prevail, 
they came in great Rage and fury for us all & brought us to the Barr. 
The deputy Sheriff's son had [had] some Quarrel, & my brother [had] 
taken [part in it] some former time. He was Pricking us with Pins in 
the Court. We made our Complaint thereof to the Bench ; then one of 
the Lawyers said whosoever abuseth a prisoner at the Barr, the Law was 
to cut off his Right arm. When to Excuse himself he said he was 
searching for Treacherous Papers ; with that he thrust his hand in my 
pocket, and found that little paper which we could not get any way to 
Divulge. When he had got it he Proclaimed it to the Court thinking he 
had got something that would take me by the throat. One of the Lawyers 
read it and gave it to his Companion, saying " Let it go, my Lord ; it will 
harm no body." So it went to the Judge's hand, & he read it & said 
nothing to it. 

I perceived this to be the Lord's doings, to Cause this Angry fellow to 
do that service for us. Which we could not have any to do for money, and 
we were then released from our fines and Imprisonments. 

The Gaoler cry'd out Could he keep men in his custody and have 
nothing for our meat & drink & lodging. The cryer cried out, ' ' Free 
Men." One of the Justices that Committed us said he would have us here 
again, ere long, but the Judge said, " Let them go now." The Judge sent 
to us to know [how] it was between us and the Gaoler. We made it 
appear that we did not partake of anything that might Be called his, but 
his cruelty, and that we did pay, to the utmost — only to the floor which 
we lay and Trod upon. 

John Humphrey. 

\A Short Relation Omitted in its proper place is here inserted. ] 
About the year 1663 the Magistrates of Montgomeiy Recommended 
to the Magistrates of Merioneth some vain Sorry fellow that had spent his 
Estate, urging them to Employ him to suppress the Fanaticks, as they 
Called them, and Issued forth warrants to bring in all that did not go to 
the Steeple House ; & many was taken in this Net, which they spread, 
but other Dissenting Professors that had but little Possession in the Truth, 
[and] Could not stand the Stock — Agreed with the Man to give him some 


Money, & were Dismissed. None remained Faithful to their Testimony 
but Friends, and on us he was Resolved to vent his Rage and Cruelty, and 
locked us up in a Room a Top of the shire hall, and would not as much as 
allow us a little straw to lay upon. There was a Bundle of Straw in a 
Window, to stop the wind & rain coming in, which he took away. A 
Friend said to him, "Thou Canst take out, but thou canst not cause the 
wind to blow in there." Then we Resolved to suffer, and lie upon the 
Boards, and the whole Company agreed that one should lay for a Boulster 
and three lay with their heads upon him, and so all take their turns. 
Thus we spent several weeks, and He like a severe Master over us, coming 
to see us Every Day, but after he had spent all he had got from the 
Dissenting Professors, and could not get any thing from us, he was weary 
of Friends, and said he would not Trouble himself any farther with us, 
and so we were Released. 

John Humphrey. 

Soine Account of the Sufferings of our Ancient friend Jo /in Humphreys 
in Wales in Old England, taken from an old Manuscript. 

After I was Married I went to Lanwyddun in Montgomery-shire. 
There was no Friends' Meetings there before I came ; only two Cousins of 
mine frequented Meetings abroad ; but we set up a Meeting, & in a little 
time a great Concourse of People from the parish about began to come, & 
our Meetings came to be pretty large. I was several times Apprehended 
by Warrant and brought to the Assizes in Montgomery but never put to 
prison but during the Sessions. 

There was a Man that lived very near to the place where we kept our 
Meetings. He was building a house & had many hands from many Parts. 
Upon our Meeting Day they agreed to come to Disturb our Meetings. So 
they came to the House after the Meeting was over, & rushed in amongst 
us, & asked upon what Account so many of us came together. Some of 
us Asked upon what Account they came amongst us in such a Posture. 
Upon that one of them steped [up] and took me by the Hair of my Head 
with the Broad ax in the other hand and Lug'd me towards the door. 
Some Women throng' d about me and said: " Thou Villain, what dost 
thou mean ! " By that he Answered : "I mean to take off his head." 

The Women wrestled and took the Ax from him. He still held me 


by the hair. They strove with him until they got his Hands from my 
head and then cast him out of the door. 

As I was going home by the place where they were working, I turned 
in, thinking to speak with their Master to know whether was it by his 
Permission they Came, but he not being there the Men came down from 
the Scaffold and one with a Clift of Wood struck me upon my head untill 
I was quite dead, Rowling in my Blood. The Woman of the House was 
an English Woman from London. She cried out with a loud voice and put 
my head in her apron, & called out for her husband to send away the 
Wicked Bloody rogue from her House. They abused the friend that was 
with me also. When my Blood was washed and my wound Dressed I got 
home. The rumor was spread abroad ; they fled and left the work. The 
fellow that abused me was never seen again in the country. 

In the year 1679 the new Act^ was in force, and many turned to be 
Informers. Justice Morris came to be an Informer, himself, and Issued 
out writ, & gave them to the Sheriff, who Distrained upon Charles Loyd, 
Thos. Loyd, Thos. March, and others, & took what they could find of their 
Cattle. The sale Friends sought a Replevin, intending to traverse the case 
to get home the Cattle till the Assize. Charles and Thos. Lloyd sent two 
Men upon two good Horses to Replevin the Cattle. They went to this 
Morris & shewed their power. He took them to the cattle which was on 
the other side of the River by his house in a Meadow. When he had 
them there he took both Horses from them & sent them away, he being 
Justice of the peace in both Counties, the other side of the River was in 
Denbighshire. The two Horses were well worth £20 Sterling. 

In a few Days after, as the said Justice was going from one place to 
another on one of these Horses he Stumbled in the river. He fell off & 
was Drowned before his own door. His warrant was [then] with the 
Deputy Sheriff to distrain upon us in Lanwyddun. We expected their 
coming Every Day, and some [that] were faithless and fearfull did con- 
trive some shift to sell some, & put the rest under the mark of the Land- 
lord. The Sheriff's Wife was very Earnest with her husband to make hay 
while the Sun shined, for it was thought that if more Writs were Issued 
forth, [these] if not soon serv'd, would be Void, — the term would Expire. 
Which made her so Eager, together with the Profit She made of so many 

^ This was the revival of the old acts, whose operation had for some time been sus- 
pended by the King. 


Cows that her Husband brought her. But on the Day he intended to 
come to distrain our Goods he was Taken with a sore fitt in the Morning, 
& his Man with all speed sent to Thomas Loyd which was about three 
miles off, to get something for him, but Doctor Loyd was not at home to go 
with the Man, nor to give him anything. In a little while after the Man 
returned, the Sheriff Died in his Chair. Had Thos. Loyd been at home & 
had given him something. Perhaps Some might have Conjectured some ill 
thoughts of him. However he had the Warrant in his pocket When he 
Died Intending that morning before the fitt took him to Execute it upon us. 
The Night before my Wife was Milking the Cows, Saying to us : "I do 
not know whether I may ever have them to milk again, or no." The first 
news that I heard was of his Burial. I did Suppose the hand of God was 
in it working our Deliverance, Therefore I set it down amongst my 

There was a young man in the Neighborhood about Twenty years of 
Age living with his Father & Mother. As I was agoing before him in the 
lane, & he a-coming after me with somebody with him, as he came he did 
go hobbling on one side Crying repeatedly after me : " Quaker ! Quaker ! 
Quaker ! " I took little notice of him then. But a Few Days after he 
was Grievously taken with a sore Distemper in his Limbs, so that he Cry'd 
out with pain and grief. I had never spoken a word to him nor any Body 
Else, to the best of my Remembrance, of his mocking me, Until his 
Mother came to my house, with tears, desiring me to forgive him & to 
pray to God on his behalf. I was seriously Concerned on his Account, 
and made many a Journey to Visit him in his Sickness. His lower parts 
was quite benumbed a long time before his Death. He died Sensible, & 
I believe in peace with God. 


Early Monthly Meeting Records of Marriages : 
Other' Lists of Marriages and Deaths. 

ABSTRACTS of the marriage records of Haverford ^ Month- 
ly Meeting (to which the Gwynedd Friends, until 17 14, 
belonged), and of those of Gwynedd Monthly Meeting, are 
amongst the collections of the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania, in Philadelphia. From these I have copied a list, relat- 
ing to Gwynedd and Montgomery, which follows below. In 
presenting it, however, I desire to say that while it has been 
copied with care, and is probably accurate, it is at best but the 
copy of a copy of the original records, and that these have 
themselves become, by the passage of time, difficult to decipher, 
in many instances. Those who may wish to be absolutely cer- 
tain as to dates, etc., should of course consult the original ; 
otherwise, for ordinary purposes, the list here given will doubt- 
less serve. 

List from Haverford Records. 

Thomas Siddon, of Dublin township, Philadelphia co., batchelor, to 
Lowry Evans, of North Wales, spinster, at North Wales meeting 
place, 5th mo. 28, 1701. [Witnesses : Samuel Siddon, Robert, 
Thomas, Cadwallader, Elizabeth, Jane, Ann, and Mary Evans, 
and 28 others.] 

Hugh Roberts, of Gwynedd, batchelor, and Ann Thomas, of Upper 
Merion, spinster, at Merion m. h., 7th mo. 30, 1703. 

1 This is also called Radnor Monthly Meeting. The name at the period of these 
records was Haverford. 


Alexander Edwards, Jun., of Gwynedd, and Gwen Foulke, of the same 
township, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 6, 1703. 

William Lewis, of Newtown, Chester co., and Gwen Jones, of Gwynedd, 
at Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 27, 1704. [Witnesses: Lewis, Evan, 
Samuel, Seaborn, and Evan Lewis, William, John, Jane, Margaret, 
and Gainor Jones, and 43 others.] 

Francis Dawes, of Gwynedd, and Margaret Griffith, of Philadelphia, at 
Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 27, 1704. 

David Jones, of Gwynedd, and Lowry Robert, of the same place, 
at Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 24, 1704. [Witnesses: Griffith, 
Robert, Margaret and Jane Jones ; John, Ellis, William, Evan 
Cadwallader, Morris, Nicholas, Rowland, and Jane Roberts, and 
20 others.] 

Evan Griffith, of Gwynedd, and Bridget Jones, of Radnor, in the Welsh 
Tract, at Radnor m. h., 3d mo. 3, 1705. [Witnesses : Hugh (his 
father), David, Edward, Catharine, and Ellin Griffith, Griffith and 
William John, and 48 others.] 

Robert Evan, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Sarah Evans, of Merion, at 
Merion m. h., 4th mo. 4, 1705. [Witnesses : Thomas, Cadwal- 
lader, Robert, Owen, Hugh, Evan, John, Jane, Ellin, Mary, Jane, 
Sarah, Gwen, and Margaret Evans ; Cadwallader and Jane 
Morgan, and 71 others.] 

Richard Jones, of Meirion, and Jane Evan, of Gwynedd, in the Welsh 
Tract, at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 6, 1705. [Witnesses: Evan, 
John, Gainor, and Sarah Jones ; Thomas, Anne, Lowry, Robert, 
Hugh, Evan, and Owen Evans, and 72 others.] 

John Davies, of Gwynedd, and Mary James, of Radnor, at Radnor meet- 
ing place, 5th mo. 4, 1705. 

Robert Humphrey, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Margaret Evans, of 
Radnor, spinster, at Radnor m. h., 9th mo. i, 1705. 

Robert Ellis, of Meirion, and Margaret Jones, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd 
m. h., 9th mo. 3, 1705. [Witnesses : Rowland, Rowland, Jr., 
Catharine, and Elizabeth Ellis ; William, John, Thomas, Jane, and 
Richard Jones, and 67 others.] 

Hugh Evan, of Gwynedd, and Catharine Morgan, dau. of Cadwallader, of 
Meirion, at Merion meeting place, 8th mo. 4, 1706. [\Vitnesses : 
Thomas, Robert, Evan, Owen, Robert, Owen, Cadwallader, and 
John Evans ; Cadwallader and Jane Morgan, and 68 others.] 


Evan Griffith, second son of Griffith John, of Merion, and Jane Jones, 
step-daughter of John Humphrey, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd meet- 
ing place, 3d mo. 29, 1707. [Witnesses : Griffith and William 
John, Hugh Griffith, and 51 others.] 

Robert John, of Gwynedd, and Gaynor Lloyd, of Merion, widow, at Merion 
m. h., 4th mo. 3, 1706. [Witnesses : William and Griffith John ; 
Thomas, Robert, Eliza, and Hannah Lloyd, and 59 others.] 

Ellis Pugh, Jr., of Plymouth, eldest son of Ellis Pugh, of Merion, and 
Mary Evan, eldest daughter of Owen Evan, of Gwynedd, at a pub- 
lic meeting, 3d mo. 3, 1708. 

Rowland Hugh, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Catharine Humphrey, of 
Merion, at Merion m. h., 8th mo. 8, 1708. [Witnesses : ElHn and 
Jane Hugh ; John, Robert, and Gainor Humphrey, and 62 others.] 

George Lewis, of Gwynedd, batchelor, and Jane Roberts, of the same tp., 
at Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 3, 1708. [Witnesses : Thos. and 
Richard Lewis; John, Ellis, Wm., and Evan Roberts, and 43 

William Roberts, of Gwynedd, batchelor, and Anne Jones, of the same tp., 
at Gwynedd m., 12th mo. 4, 1708-9. [Witnesses: Ellis Roberts, 
and 57 others]. 

David Llewellyn, of Haverford, widower, and Margaret Ellis, of Gwyn- 
edd, widow, at Gwynedd m., 8th mo. 10, 1709. [Witnesses : 
Morris and Mary Llewellyn, Rowland Ellis, William and Jane John, 
and 55 others.] 

Edward Parry, eldest son of Thomas, of Huntinton township,^ Philadelphia 
CO., yeoman, and Jane Evan, second daughter of Robert, of the 
same place, spinster, at Gwynedd m., 8th mo. 6, 17 10. [Wit- 
nesses, Thomas, and Thomas Parry, Jr. ; Robert, Thomas, and 
Hugh Evans, and 52 others.] 

John Griffith, eldest son of Griffith John, of Meirion, and Grace Foulke, 
second daughter of Edward, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d 
mo. 6, 1707. [Witnesses : Griffith and William John ; Evan 
Griffith ; Edward, Thomas, and Hugh Foulke, and 51 others.] 

Hugh Evans, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Alice Lewis, daughter of James, 
of Pembrokeshire, Wales, spinster, at Merion m. place, 6th mo. 25, 
1710. [Witnesses: Thomas, Robert, Evan, Owen, Jr., and John 
Evans ; David Jones, Cadwallader Morgan, and 67 others.] 

1 Thus on the record. Where was this township ? 


Evan Jones, son of John [Evans] of Radnor, dec'd, and Lowry Evans, 

daughter of Thomas, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 8, 

171 1. 
Thomas Ellis, of Gwynedd, and Jane Hugh, dau. of John, of the same 

place, at Gwynedd m., 8th mo. 31, 1712. 
Rowland Hugh, of Gwynedd, widower, and Ellin Evan, dau. of Thomas, 

of the same place, spinster, at Gwynedd m., 5th mo. 31, 171 2. 
Thomas Foulke, eldest son of Edward, of Gwynedd, and Gwen Evans, 

eldest dau. of David, of Radnor, at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 27, 

Humphrey EUis, of Gwynedd, and Mary Hugh, dau. of John, of Merion, 

at Radnor m. h., loth mo. i, 1708. 
Evan Roberts, of Gwynedd, and Jane Evan, dau. of Evan Pugh, of 

Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 3, 1709. 
Cadwallader Morris, of Gwynedd, and Elizabeth Morgan, of the same 

place, at Gwynedd m., 3d mo. 24, 17 10. 
Thomas David, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Elizabeth Jones, at Gwynedd 

m.. 8th mo. 10, 1711. [Witnesses: John and Robert David, and 

John Hanke, of Whitemarsh, yeoman, and Sarah Evans, dau. of Cad- 
wallader Evans, of Gwynedd, spinster, at Gwynedd m., loth mo. 

nth, 171 1. 
John William, of Montgomery, widower, and Catharine Edwards, of the 

same place, widow, at Gwynedd m., 3d mo. 12, 17 14. 
Richard Kenderdine, son of Thomas, late of Abington, dec'd, and Sarah 

Evans, dau. of Robert, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 

2, 1714. 
Rowland Roberts, of Montgomery, and Mary Pugh, eldest dau. of Robert 

Pugh, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m., 3d mo. i, 171 3. 
Samuel Thomas, of Montgomery, and Margaret Morgan, dau. of Edward, 

of the same tp., at Gwynedd m., 3d mo. 3, 1713. 
Theophilus Williams, son of John, of Montgomery, and Catharine Foulke, 

dau. of Edward, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m., 4th mo. 5, 171 3. 
Hugh Foulke, son of Edward, of Gwynedd, batchelor, and Anne Williams, 

dau. of John, of Montgomery, spinster, at Gwynedd m., 4th mo. 

4, 171 3. [Witnesses: Edward, Thomas, Cadwallader, Evan, Ellin, 

Jane, and Catharine Foulke ; John, William, Thomas and Lewis 

WiUiams, and 58 others. 


Ellis Hughs, son of John, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Jane Foulke, dau. 

of Edward, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m., 4th mo. 5th, 1713. 

[Witnesses : John and Rowland Hugh, and others.] 
John Jones, son of Rees, late of Merion, dec'd, and Jane Edward, dau. of 

Edward Griffith, late of Llan y Chill, co. of Merioneth, yeoman, 

dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 9, 1713. [Witnesses: Richard 

and Thomas Jones ; Hugh, Evan, and John Griffith, and others.] 
Evan Evans, son of Thomas, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Elizabeth Mus- 

grave, dau. of Thomas, late of or near Halifax, in Yorkshire, Gt. 

Britain, yeoman, dec'd, at Haverford m. h., 7th mo. 3, 171 3. 
William Morgan, son of Edward, of or near Gwynedd, and Elizabeth 

Roberts, of Montgomery, at Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 27, 1713. 
Cadwallader Roberts, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Ellen Humphrey, of 

Merion, at the dwelling place of Rowland Ellis, 4th mo. 9, 17 14. 

[Witnesses : Morris, Nicholas, John, Rowland, Evan, EUis, and 

Eliza Roberts ; John Humphrey, and 53 others.] 
Thomas Williams, of Montgomery, and Catharine Thomas, of Merion, at 

Gwynedd meeting place, 6th mo. 10, 17 14. 
Abraham Musgrave, son of Thomas, late of Halifax, Yorkshire, Gt. 

Britain, yeoman, dec'd, and Gainor Jones, dau. of William, late of 

Gwynedd, yeoman, dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 4, 17 14. 
Ellis Roberts, of Gwynedd, tailor, and Eliza Thomas, dau. of David, of 

Radnor, spinster, at Radnor mtg. place, ist mo. 30, 171 5. 
Evan Evans, son of Owen, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Phebe Miles, dau. 

of Samuel, late of Radnor, dec'd, at Radnor m. h., 2d mo. 13, 

John Evans, son of Cadwallader, of Gwynedd, and Ellin Ellis, dau. of 

Rowland, of Merion, at Merion m. h., 4th mo. 8, 1715. 
Owen Evans, son of Thomas, of Gwynedd, and Ruth Miles, dau. of 

Samuel and Margaret, of Radnor, at Radnor m. h., nth mo. 3, 

John Hugh, of Gwynedd, widower, and Ellin Williams, of Upper Merion, 

at Radnor m. h., 12th mo. 12, 17 16-17. 
Hugh Evans, of Gwynedd, widower, and Lowry Lloyd, of Merion, widow 

[born Lowry John, dau. of Rees John ; wid. of Robert Lloyd] , at 

Merion m. h., 12th mo. 13, 17 16-17. 
Robert Evan, son of Owen, of Gwynedd, and EUin Griffith, dau. of 

Edward, of Upper Merion, at Radnor mtg. place, 3d mo. 30, 17 17. 


Griffith Hugh, son of Hugh Griffith, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Jane 

Roberts, dau. of Robert: ElHs, late of Radnor, dec'd, at Gwynedd 

m. h., loth mo. 2, 17 18. 
Thomas Evans, son of Owen, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and EHzabeth 

Griffith, dau. of Edward, of Merion, dec'd, at Radnor, 4th mo. 30, 

Joseph Ambler, of Montgomery, wheelwright, and Ann Williams, dau. of 

John, of Meirion, spinster, at Meirion mtg. place, 8th mo. 6, 1720. 
John Morgan, son of Edward, of Gwynedd, and Sarah Lloyd, dau. of 

Thomas, of Merion, at Merion m. h., 9th mo. 8, 1721. 
Cadwallader Evans, son of Evan Pugh, of Gwynedd, and Sarah Richard, 

dau. of Rowland, late of Tredyffrin, Chester co., dec'd, at the 

house of Katharine Richard, 8th mo. 10, 1722. [Witnesses: 

"Evan Pugh, his father," Hugh and EUin Evan, and 41 

Robert Roberts, son of Edward, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Jane Evans, 

dau. of Robert, of Merion, at Merion m. h., 8th mo. 31, 1723. 

[Witnesses : Robert, Sarah, Thomas, Robert, Owen, Cadwallader, 

Evan, and Owen Evan, and others.] 
Samuel Evans, of Gwynedd, cooper, and Hannah Walker, dau. of Lewis, 

of Tredyffrin, spinster, at the house of Lewis Walker, 4th mo. 10, 

Lewis Williams, of Gwynedd, and Jane Lloyd, dau. of Thomas, of 

Merion, at Merion m. h., 8th mo. 8, 1725. 
Rees Harry, son of David, of Plymouth, and Mary Price, dau. of Rees, of 

Haverford, yeoman, at Haverford mtg., loth mo, 12, 1727. 
Joseph Morgan, son of Edward, of Gwynedd, and Elizabeth Lloyd, dau. 

of Thomas, of Merion, at Merion m. h., 9th mo. 8, 1728. 
Robert Evans, son of Owen, late of Gwynedd, dec'd, and Ruth Richard, 

dau. of Rowland, late of Tredyffrin, Chester co., at Gwynedd 

m. h., 3d mo. 2, 1729. 
Marmaduke Pardo, of Gwynedd, schoolmaster, and Gainor Jones, of 

Meirion, at Merion m. h., 4th mo. 27, 1729. 
William Williams, son of John, of Montgomery, Phila. co., yeoman, and 

Margaret Longworthy, of or near Radnor, widow, at Radnor meet- 
ing place, 6th mo. 10, 171 5. [Witnesses: John, Thomas, David, 

Catharine, and Hugh Williams, and others.] 


Abraham Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Evan, dec'd, and Lydia Thomas, 
dau. of WilUam, of Lower Merion, at Radnor m. h., 8th mo. 8, 
1747. [Witnesses : Elizabeth, Jonathan, Musgrave, David, 
Robert, Owen, Jesse, and Anne Evans, and others.] 

Musgrave Evans, of Philadelphia, cooper, son of Evan, of Gwynedd, 
dec'd, and Lydia Harry, dau. of Samuel, of Radnor, at Radnor 
m. h., I2th mo. 12, 1753. 

Amos Griffith, son of Evan, of Gwynedd, and Sarah Lawrence, dau. of 
Thomas, late of Haverford, dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., 5th mo. 8, 

John Jones, of Montgomery twp., and Catharine Davis, of Merion, at 

Merion m. h., 12th mo. 2, 1757. 
Evan Jones, son of John, of Montgomery twp., Philadelphia co., and 

Hannah Lawrence, dau. of Henry, of Haverford, dec'd, at Gwy- 
nedd m. h., 6th mo. 10, 1766. 
Peter Evans, of Merion, son of Robert and Eleanor, of Gwynedd, dec'd, 

and Mary Thomas, dau. of William and EUzabeth, of Merion, at 

Radnor m. h., ist mo. 6, 1774. 
John Hall, son of Mahlon, of Blockley, and Anne Morris, of the same 

tp., dau. of Edward, of Montgomery, at Merion m. h., nth mo. 

21, 1783. 
Morris Humphreys, of Montgomery tp., farmer, son of Richard, dec'd, 

and Hannah, dec'd, and Sarah S. Evans, dau. of David and Mary, 

of Merion, at Merion m. h'. , nth mo. 19, 181 2. 

List from Gzvynedd Records. 

Edward Jones, son of John Evan, late of Radnor, Chester county, dec'd, 

and Sarah, dau. of Thomas Evans, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 

6th mo. 25, 171 5. 
WiUiam Robert, son of Edward, of Merion, dec'd, and Anne, dau, of 

Robert Evans, of Gwynedd, yeoman, at Gwynedd m. h., 6th mo. 

25, 1715. 
Thomas Edward, son of Alexander, of Montgomery, dec'd, and Mary 

Price, of Gwynedd, spinster, at Gwynedd m. h., 7th mo. 23, 171 5. 
Hugh Evan, eldest son of Evan Pugh, of Gwynedd, batchelor, and Mary 

Robert, dau. of Robert John, dec'd, of Merion, at a pubhc meeting 

in Gwynedd, 3d mo. 25, 17 16. 


Benj. Mendinhall, son of Bcnj., of Chester Co., yeoman, and Lidia 
Robert, dau. of Owen, of Gwynedd, yeoman, at Ciwyn. m. h., 3d 
mo. 9, 1717. 

Nicholas Roberts, son of Robert Cadwalader, of Gwynedd, dec'd, and 
Margaret Foulke, dau. of Edward, yeoman, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d 
mo. 23, 1717. 

John Roger, son of Roger Roberts, of Merion, and Ellin Pugh, dau. of 
Robert, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 21, 1717. 

Richard William, of Gwynedd, batchelor, and Margaret Eaton, of the same 
place, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, loth mo. 7, 1717. 

Robert Jones, of Gwynedd, and Anne, dau. of William Coulstone, of Ply- 
mouth, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 8th mo. 22, 17 17. 

Robert Hugh, son of Hugh Griffith, of Gwynedd, and Catharine Evans, 
dau. of Evan Pugh, of the same place, yeoman, at Gwynedd m. h., 
1 2th mo. 26, 17 1 7. 

William Lewis, of Newton, Chester Co., and Lowry Jones, of Gwynedd, 
widow, a Gwynedd m. h., ist mo. 7, 1717-18. 

Jenkin Evans, of Montgomery, batchelor, and Alice 1 Morgan, dau. of Ed- 
ward, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 17, 17 18. 

Daniel Morgan, son of Edward, "adjacent Gwynedd," yeoman, and 
Elizabeth Roberts, dau. of Robert [Cadwallader] dec'd, of Gwynedd, 
at Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 21, 17 18. 

Humphrey Jones, son of John [Humphrey] of Gwynedd, and Catherine 
Jones, dau. of WiUiam, dec'd, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 
2d mo. 23, 1719. 

Rees David, of Upper Dublin, widower, and Margaret Morgan, of Mont- 
gomery, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 9, 17 19. 

Cadwalader Jones, son of John, of the parish of Llanfawr, Merionethshire, 
North Wales, Great Britain, dec'd, and Martha Thomas, dau. of 
David, of Radnor, Chester Co., yeoman, at a public meeting in 
Gwynedd, 4th mo. 12, 1719. 

Cadwalader Foulke, son of Edward, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Mar)- 
Evans, dau. of Robert, of the same place, yeoman, at Gwynedd 
m. h., 4th mo. 13, 1 7 19. 
Hugh Evans, son of Robert, of Gwynedd, and Margaret Robert, dau. of 
Edward, of the same place, yeoman, at Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 23, 
1 In the Monthly Meeting minutes, the Clerk writes her name Alee, — i.e. the 
colloquial Ailsie, or Elsie. 


William Morris, son of Morris Richard, of Merionethshire, North Wales, 
Great Britain, dec'd, and Catharine Pugh, dau. of Richard, of Mont- 
gomery, dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 26, 17 19. 

John Webb, of Philadelphia county, and Mary Boone, dau. of George, of 
the same county, at a public meeting, 7th mo. 13, 1720. [Among 
the witnesses are George Boon, George Boon, jr., and Benjamin 

li^ereas Squire Boone,^ son of George Boone, of the county of Phila- 
delphia and Province of Pennsylvania, yeoman, and Sarah Morgan, 
dau. of Edward Morgan, of the said county and province, hav- 
ing declared their intentions of marriage with each other before 
two monthly meetings of y® people called Quakers, held at Gwyn- 
edd, in y* said county, according to y^ good order used among 
them, whose proceedings therein, after deliberate consideration, and 
having consent of parents and relations concerned therein, their 
said proceedings are allowed of by said meeting : Now these are 
TO CERTIFY whom it may concern that for the full accomplishment of 
their said intentions this 23d day of y'' 7th month, in the year of our 
Lord 1720, the said Squire Boone and Sarah Morgan appeared at a 
solemn assembly of the said people for that purpose appointed at 
their public meeting place in Gwynedd aforesaid, and the said Squire 
Boone took the said Sarah Morgan by the hand [and] did in a sol- 
emn manner declare that he took her to be his wife, promising to be 
unto her a faithful and loving husband, until death should separate 
them, and then and there in the said assembly the said Sarah 
Morgan did likewise declare [etc., etc., etc.]. 

Morgan Hugh. 
John Edwards. 
Thomas Evans. 
Cadw'r Evans. 
Robert Evans. 
Jno. Cadwalader. 


Cad' r Evans. 
Mary Webb. 
Eliz. Morris. 
Dorothy Morgan. 
Eliz. Hughes. 
Mary Hammer. 

Squire Boone, 
Sarah Boone. 

(icorge Boon. 
Edward Morgan. 
Elizabeth Morgan. 
George Boone [Junior]. 
Ja : Boon. 
Wm. Mortran. 

^ This being a somewhat famous couple, I give the certificate in full. 


Jno. Williams. Eliz. Morgan. Jno. Morgan. 

Jno. Humphrey.. Jane Griffith. Daniel Morgan. 

Jno. Jones. Mary Jones. Morgan Morgan. 

Jno. Jones. Ellin Evans. Jos. Morgan. 

Owen Griffith. Gainor Janes. Jno. Webb. 

Rowland Roberts. Samuel Thomas. 
Amos Griffith. John Evans. 

Robert Jones. 

Thomas Williams, of Montgomery, widower, and Jane, dau. of Morris 

Richard, of Merionethshire, North Wales, Great Britain, dec'd, at 

Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 14, 1720. 
John Roberts, son of John, of Abington, and Mary Dawes, dau. of Francis. 

of Montgomery, yeoman, at Gwynedd m. h., 6th mo. 15, 1723. 
John Harris, of Gwynedd, yeoman, and Gainor Hugh, dau. of John, of 

Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 5, 1723. 
Samuel Richards, son of Rowland, of Tredyffrin, Phila. [Chester] Co., 

dec'd, and Elizabeth Evans, dau. of Owen, of Gwynedd, dec'd, at 

Gwynedd m. h., 2d mo. 21, 1726. 
Abel Walker, of Tredyffrin, Chester Co., and Sina Pugh, of Gwynedd, at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 13, 1727. 
Jonathan Worral, of Marple, Chester Co., and Mary Taylor, of Montgom- 
ery, Philada., at Gwynedd m. h., 7th mo. 21, 1727. 
Lewis Lewis, son of ElHs Lewis, of Upper Dublin, Phila. Co., yeoman, and 

Anne Lord, dau. of Henry, of the same county, at Gwynedd m. h., 

2d mo. 19, 1728. 
John Davies, son of Meredith, of Gwynedd, dec'd, and Mary Bennett, dau. 

of Henry, of Abington, dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 20, 1728. 
Peter Jones, son of Peter, of Merion, Phila. Co., and Catharine Evans, 

dau. of Robert, of North Wales, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 15, 1740. 
Enoch Morgan, son of Edward, of Phila. Co., and Sarah Kenderdine, 

dau. of Richard, of the same county, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 

14, 1741. 
Edmund PhiUips, of Richland, Bucks Co., and Ehzabeth Davies, of 

Montgomery, Phila. Co., at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 2d mo. 

25, 1729. 


William Morgan, of Montgomery, Phila. Co., widower, and Catharine 
Robeson, of Merion, in said county, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 

7. 1731- 
Joseph Davis, of the city of Philadelphia, and Mary Evans of Phila. Co., 

at Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 28, 1732. 
William Spencer, son of Samuel, of Horsham, dec'd, and Elizabeth 

Lewis, dau. of Ellis, of Upper Dublin, at a public meeting in 

Gwynedd, 3d mo. 24, 1733. . 

John Jones, son of Robert, of Gwynedd, Phila. Co., and Gainor 

Humphrey, dau. of Robert, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 

4th mo. 7, 1733. 
Thomas WiUiams, of Montgomery Twp., Phila. Co., widower, and Sarah 

Hank, of Gwynedd, widow, at Gwynedd m. h., ist mo. 6, 1732-33. 

[Among the witnesses are John Hank, William Hank, Samuel 

Hank, John Hank, Jane [or James ?] Hank, Elizabeth Hank.] 
Moses Peters, son of Garrett, of Montgomery, and Martha Thomas, dau. of 

Robert, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 17, 1733. 
Thomas Lewis, son of Richard, of Montgomery, and Hannah Morgan, 

dau. of Edward, jr., of the same co., at a public meeting, 3d mo. 7, 

William Foulke, son of Thomas, of Gwynedd, and Hannah Jones, dau. of 

John, of Montgomery, at Gwynedd m. h.,, 8th mo. 15, 1734. 
Robert Ellis, son of Theodore, of Gwynedd, and Sarah Davis, dau. of 

Meredith Davis [David] of the same co., dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., 

, 1734-35- 

Edward Evans, of Phila. Co., yeoman, and Ehzabeth Griffith, dau. of 

Evan, of the same co., at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 20, 1735. 
Robert Lloyd, of Gwynedd, and Catharine Humphrey, dau. of Robert, of 

the same place, at Gwydedd m. h., 6th mo. 21, 1735. 
Griffith Ellis, son of Theodore, of Gwynedd, and Jane Lewis, widow, of 

the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 7th mo. 9, 1735. 
John Forman, son of Alexander, of New Britain, and Elizabeth Nailor 

dau. of Joseph, of Montgomery, at Gwynedd m. h., iSth mo. 20, 1735. 
William Erwin, of Gwynedd, and Rebecca • Roberts, dau. of Cadwalader 

Robert, of the same place, deceased, at Gwynedd m. h., nth mo. 

13. 1735-6- 
William Robert, of Phila. Co., and Mary Pugh, of Gwynedd, widow, at 
Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 16, 1736. 


John Robert, son of John, of Montgomery, and Jane Hank, dau. of John, 

of Whitemarsh, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 13, 1736. 
Evan Griffith, of Gwynedd, widower, and Margaret Owen, widow, of the 

same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 23, 1736, 
Owen Roberts, son of William, of Fhila. co., and Jane Williams, dau. of 

John, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 15, t737. 
William Martin, of Gwynedd, Phila. co., and Miriam Morgan, dau. of 

Edward, jr., late of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 25, 

Owen Williams, son of John, of Gwynedd, dec'd, and Mary Meredith, 

dau. of Meredith David, of Plymouth, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 

22, 1738. 
William Edwards, son of John, of Milford, Bucks co., and Martha Foulke, 

dau. of Hugh, of Richland, at Richland m. h., 8th mo 24, 1738. 
John WiUiams, son of William Williams, of Philadelphia, and Jane 

Naylor, dau. of Joseph, of the same county, at Gwynedd m. h., ist 

mo. 21, 1740. 
Edward Edwards, son of John, of Phila. co., and EHzabeth Robeson, dau. 

of James, of the same co., at Gwynedd m. h., 5th mo. 7, 1741. 
Evan Jones, of Merion, and Priscilla Jones, dau. of John Jones, of Mont- 
gomery, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 20, 1740. [Witnesses: John, 

Jane, Evan, and Jesse Jones, Jephtha and Ann Lewis, and others.] 
David Morris, son of Cadwalader Morris, of Phila. Co., and Jane Roberts, 

of the same county, at Gwynedd m. h., — mo. 20, 1741. 
John Roberts, son of William, of Worcester, Phila. Co., and Ann Hughs, 

dau. of Rowland, of said county, at North Wales m. h., 3d mo. 20, 

WiUiam Story, of Phila. Co., and Catharine Morgan, of the same place, at 

Gwynedd m. h., 6th mo. 17, 1742. [Witnesses : Sarah, Catharine, 

and Daniel Morgan, and others.] 
Joseph Hallowell, of Phila. Co., and Sarah Nanney, dau. of Rees, of the 

same county, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 18, 1742. 
Robert Roberts, son of Cadwalader, of Gwynedd, Phila. Co., and Sarah 

Ambler, dau. of Joseph, of the same county, at Gwynedd m. h., 

nth mo. 1 1, 1742-3. 
David Humphrey, son of Robert, of Gwynedd, and Elizabeth Roberts, of 

the same place, at North Wales m. h., 2d mo. 12, 1743. 


William Robert, son of William, of Gwynedd, Phila. Co., and Ann 
Roberts, dau. of William-, of Worcester, at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 
17, 1746. 

Edward Evans, of Dublin, Phila. Co., and Elizabeth Jones, dau. of Hum- 
phrey, of the same county, at Gwynedd m.h., 3d mo. 22, 1746. 

Nathan Evans, son of Evan, of Gwynedd, dec'd, and Ruth Morgan, dau. 
of Daniel Morgan, of the same co., at the house of Benjamin Mor- 
gan, , 1746. 

Rowland Edwards, son of John, of Towamencin, Phila. Co., and Mary 
Robeson, dau. of James, of the same co., at Towamencin meeting 
place, loth mo. 11, 1746. [Witnesses: John, Mary, Edward, 
Elizabeth, Robert, and Evan Edwards ; James Robeson, Daniel 
Morgan, Daniel Williams, John and Rowland Evans.] 

Robert Jones, of Lower Marion, Phila. Co., and Margaret Evans, widow, 
of Gwynedd, at Radnor m. h., iith mo. 5, 1747. [Witnesses: 
Benjamin and Ann Davids, Robert, Edward, Elizabeth, Jesse and 
Thomas Evans, and others.] 

John Cunrad, of Springfield, Phila. Co., and Elizabeth Shoemaker, dau. of 
George, of Bucks Co., at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 17, 1748. 

Jacob Jones, of Gwynedd, Phila. Co., and Hannah Bennett, of said 
county, at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 17, 1748. 

Rowland Evans, son of John, of Gwynedd, Phila. Co., and Susanna Foulke, 
dau. of Thomas, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 
15, 1748. 

Joseph Ambler, son of Joseph, of Montgomery, Phila. Co., and Mary Nay- 
lor, dau. of Joseph, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 
17, 1749. 

Jesse Evans, son of Hugh, of Gwynedd, dec'd, and Catherine Jones, dau. 
of John, of Horsham, said county, at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 19, 

Edward Foulke, of Gwynedd, Phila. Co., and Margaret Griffith, of the 
same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 25, 1750. 

Thomas Holt, son of Benjamin, of Horsham, Phila. Co., and Sarah Mor- 
gan, dau. of Enoch, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 2d mo. 13, 1781. 

Thomas Evans, son of Thomas, of Gwynedd, Phila. Co., and Mary 
Roberts, dau. of John, of Whitpain, at Gwynedd m. h., nth mo. 
19, 1765. 


Thomas Shoemaker, son of George, of Warrington, Hucks Co., and Mary 

Ambler, dau. of Joseph, of Montgomery, Phila. Co., at Cwynedd 

m. h., loth mo. li, 1757. 
Joshua Foulke, son of Edward, of Gwynedd, Phila. Co., and Catharine 

Evans, dau. of Thomas, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 12th 

mo. 20, 1763. 
Jarret Spencer, son of Jacob, of Moreland, Phila. Co., and Hannah Evans, 

dau. of Thomas, of Gwynedd, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 

nth mo. 22, 1774. 
Daniel Evans, of the city of Philadelphia, blacksmith, son of Evan, of 

Gwynedd, and Eleanor Rittenhouse, dau. of Matthias, of Worcester 

twp., at a public meeting in Plymouth, 4th mo. 14, 1763. [Wit- 
nesses : Matthias, David, and Benjamin Rittenhouse ; Jonathan, 

David, Letitia, Mary, and Thomas Evans, and 27 others.] 
Cephas Child, son of Cephas, of Plumstead, Bucks County, and Priscilla, 

dau. of Joseph Naylor, of Montgomery, at Gwynedd m. h., 2d mo. 

16, 1 75 1. 
Benjamin Dickinson, son of Joshua, of Whitpain, and Isabel, dau. of John 

Wright, of Hatfield, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 23, 1755. 
George Maris, of Gwynedd, son of George, of Springfield, Chester [now 

Delaware] Co., and Jane Foulke, dau. of William, of Gwynedd, at 

Gwynedd m. h., 12th mo. 6, 1757. 
Daniel Jones, son of Isaac, of Montgomery, Phila. Co., and Margaret 

Moore, dau. of Mordecai, of Norrington, Phila. Co., at Plymouth 

m. h., 1st mo. 10, 1765. 
Edward Ambler, son of Joseph, of Montgomer}', Phila. Co., and Ellin 

Foulke, dau. of Edward, of Gwynedd, said county, at Gwynedd 

m. h., 5th mo. 14, 1767. 
Edward Roberts, son of Robert, of Gwynedd, Phila. Co., and Ellin Lewis, 

dau. of Enos, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 4, 

Daniel Williams, of North Wales, Phila. Co., and Sarah Meredith, dau. of 

Meredith Davies, of Plymouth, at North Wales m.h., [date want- 
ing ; earlier, probably, than 1764.] 
John Roberts, son of John, of Whitpain, and Ellin Williams, dau. of 

Thomas, of Montgomery, dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 11, 



Aquila Jones, son of Griffith, of Phila., dec'd, and Margaret Evans, dau. 
of Owen, of Gwynedd, dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 25, 


Matthias Rhodes, of Gwynedd, Phila. Co., and Hannah Hardy, of Hors- 
ham, at Gwynedd m.h., 7th mo. 3, 1759. [Witnesses : Mary Hardy, 
Jane Wilhams, Elizabeth Humphreys, Mary Jones, Christopher 
Rhodes, Gwen Foulke, Ann Ambler, and 10 others.] 

Thomas Evans, of Gwynedd, and Mary Brooke, of Limerick, at Gwynedd 
m. h., loth mo. 9th, 1764. [Witnesses : Hugh and Susanna Evans, 
Sarah Geary, Anne Evans, Hugh Evans, Robert Jones, Jane 
Roberts, and 38 others.] 

Ezekiel Shoemaker, son of Richard, of Horsham, and Ann Williams, dau. 
of John, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., nth mo. 10, 1761. 

ElHs Lewis, of Upper Dublin, Phila. Co., and Ellin Evans, dau. of John, 
of Gwynedd, dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., 12th mo. 18, 1764. [Wit- 
nesses : Lewis, Jane, and Ann Lewis, Cadwalader, Jane, Rowland, 
and Susanna Evans, and 52 others.] 

John Robeson, son of James, of Franconia, Phila. Co., dec'd, and Mary 
Edwards, d. of John, of Towamencin, said county, at Gwynedd 
m. h., nth mo. 17, 1761. 

William Lewis, son of William, of Newtown, Chester Co., dec'd, and Ruth 
Jones, dau. of Evan Jones, of Merion, Phila. Co., dec'd, at Gwynedd 
m. h., iith mo. 20, 1764. 

Robert Rogers, of Norriton, and Jane Roberts, of Gwynedd, at a public 
meeting at EUzabeth Meredith's, in Plymouth, nth mo. 4, 1763. 

Eldad Roberts, son of Rowland, of Montgomery, and Jane, dau. of Isaac 
Jones, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 18, 1763. 

William Luken, son of Abraham, of Towamencin, and Catharine Evans, 
dau. of Edward, of the same place, dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., loth 
mo. 20, 1762. 

Evan Evans, son of Cadwalader, of Whitpain, and Catharine, dau. of 
Edward Morris, of Phila., at Gwynedd m. h., nth mo. 23, 1762. 

Nathan Cleaver, son of Peter, of Upper Dublin, and Ruth Roberts, dau. 
of John, of Whitpain, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 5th mo. 
24, 1768. 

Isaac Jones, jr., of Warrington, Bucks Co., yeoman, son of John, and Ann 
Ambler, dau. of Joseph, of Montgomery, Phila. Co., at a pubhc 
meeting in Gwynedd, loth mo. 14, 1766. 


Joseph Ambler, son of John, of Montgomery twp., Phila. Co., and Elizabeth 
Forman, dau. of John, of New Britain, Bucks Co., at Gwynedd 
m. h., loth mo, 8. 1776. 

Morgan Morgan, son of Edward, of Whitpain, Phila. Co., and Ann Rob- 
erts, dau. of John, of the same place, at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 
21, 1774. 

John Evans, son of John, of Gwynedd, and Margaret Foulke, dau. of 
Evan, of the same place, dec' d, at Gwynedd m. h., i ith mo. 19, 1754. 

Jesse Holt, son of Benjamin, of Horsham, Phila. Co., and Sarah Thomas, 
dau. of John, of Montgomery, said county, at Gwynedd m. h., nth 
mo. 21, 1780. 

Levi Heston, of Phila., son of John, of Montgomery twp., and Susanna, 
dau. of George Maris, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 21, 

John Wilson, son of John, of Whitemarsh, Montgomery Co., and Hannah 

Maris, dau. of Geo., of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 3d mo. 8, 1796. 
Jarret Heston, son of John, of Montgomery twp., and Rebecca Maris, dau. 

of George, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 5th mo. 17, 1796. 
James Wood, jr., son of John, of Plymouth, and Tacy Thomas, dau. of 

John, of Montgomery, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 12, 

Joseph Lukens, of Whitemarsh, widower, and Mary Roberts, dau. of Amos, 

of Gwynedd, dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 7, 1794. 
William Roberts, son of John, of Lower Milford, Bucks Co., and Rebecca 

Pennington, dau. of Paul, of Baltimore, at a public meeting in 

Gwynedd, nth mo. 11, 1785. 
John Evans, son of Edward, of Towamencin, Phila. Co., and Mary Law- 
Lawrence, dau. of Daniel, of Haverford, Chester Co., at Gwynedd 

m. h., I Ith mo. 19, 1776. 
William Hallowell, son of Joseph, of Whitemarsh, Phila. Co., and Mar}- 

Roberts, dau. of John, of Whitpain twp., said county, 6th mo. 17, 

Samuel Thomas, of Plymouth, son of John, and Hannah Roberts, dau. of 

Robert, of Gwynedd, at a public meeting in Plymouth, 7th mo. 7, 

John Lukens, son of John and Rachel, of Towamencin, and Jane Adam- 
son, dau. of John and Ann, of Horsham, at a public meeting in 

Gwynedd, irthmo. 14, 1797. 


Paul Conard, son of Joseph, of Tredyffrin, Chester Co., and Sarah Roberts, 

dau. of Joseph, of Montgomery twp. and co., at Gwynedd m. h., 5th 

mo. 28, 1793. 
John Heston, of Upper Dublin, son of Zebulon, of Upper Makefie'd» 

[Bucks Co.], dec' d. and Elizabeth, and Mary Dickinson, widow, dau. 

of Mordecai Moore, of Montgomery twp., at Gwynedd m. h., 1st 

mo. 12, 1780. 
Cadwalader Child, of Horsham, son of Cephas and Mary, of Plumstead 

[Bucks Co.], and Elizabeth Rea, of Montgomery twp., dau. of John 

and Jane, dec'd, of Philadelphia, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 

5th mo. 6, 1800. 
Isaac Roberts, of Montgomery twp., son of Joseph, dec'd, and Mercy, and 

Alice Comfort, dau. of Ezra and Alice, of Whitemarsh, at a public 

meeting in Plymouth, 3d mo. 13, 1800. 
Peter Roberts, son of John, jr., and Elizabeth, of the twp. and co. of 

Montgomery, and Elizabeth Comfort, dau. of Ezra and Alice, of 

Whitemarsh, at a public meeting in Plymouth, nth mo. 20, 1800. 
John Thomas, son of John and Mary, of Montgomery twp., and Gainor 

Forman, dau. of Alexander and Jane, of New Britain, Bucks Co., 

at Gwynedd m. h., nth mo. 11, 1800. 
James Walton, of Abington, son of Jeremiah and Margaret, and Martha 

Hughes, dau. of Atkinson and Jane, of Horsham, at a public meet- 
ing in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 14, 1801. 
Benjamin Morgan, son of Morgan and Ann, of Whitpain twp., and Tacy 

Stroud, of Montgomery twp., dau. of Edward and Hannah, dec'd, 

of Motherkill, Del., at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 5th mo. 13, 

Samuel Lovett, of Bristol twp., Bucks Co., son of Joseph, dec'd, and Ann, 

and Sarah Roberts, dau. of Amos and Sarah, dec'd, of Gwynedd, 

at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 13, 1802. 
Dennis Shoemaker, son of Isaac and Rachel, of Norrington, Montgomery 

Co., and Sarah Coulston, dau. of James and Rebecca Wood, of 

Whitpain, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, nth mo. 16, 1802. 
Cadwalader Roberts, of Montgomery twp. and co., son of Cadwalader 

and Mary, dec'd, and Elizabeth Evans, of Gwynedd, dau. of Thos. 

and EHzabeth, dec'd, at a pubHc meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 14, 



Isaac Lowry, son of William, of Worcester, Montgomery Co., and Mar- 
garet Stroud, dau. of Edward Stroud, of State of Delaware, dec'd, 
at Gwynedd m. h., 5th mo. 24, 1803. 

Amos Griffith, son of Amos and Sarah, dec'd, of Gwynedd, and Phebe 
Cleaver, dau. of Nathan and Ruth, of Montgomery twp., at a pub- 
lic meeting in Gwynedd, nth mo. 11, 1794. 

Jonathan Cleaver, of Montgomery twp., son of Nathan and Ruth, and 
Ann Jones, dau. of Isaac and Gainor, of the same place, at a public 
meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 10, 1804. 

Isachar Kenderdine, son of John, dec'd, and Hannah, of Horsham, and 
Sarah Morgan, dau. of Morgan and Ann, of Whitpain, at a public 
meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 11, 1804. 

Richard Roberts, of Montgomery twp., son of Cadwalader and Mary, 
dec'd, and Mary Scott, of Worcester, dau. of Alexander and Jane, 
at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 5th mo. 14, 1805. 

Amos Roberts, son of Edward, of Whitpain, and Rachel Morgan, dau. of 
Daniel, of Gwynedd, at Gwynedd m. h., 2d mo. 8, 1803. 

Henry Jones, of Montgomery, son of Evan, dec'd, and Hannah, and Jane 
Lewis, dau. of Amos and Eleanor, dec'd, of Upper Dublin, at a pub- 
lic meeting in Gwynedd, nth mo. 12, 1805. 

Joseph Shoemaker, son of Thomas, of Gwynedd, and Martha Lukens, dau. 
of Peter, of Towamencin, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 
15, 1788. 

Thomas Shoemaker, of Gwynedd, son of Thomas and Mary, dec'd, and 
Hannah Iredell, of Montgomery, dau. of Robert and Susanna, at a 
public meeting in Gwynedd, nth mo. n, 1806. 

George Roberts, of Montgomery twp., son of Joseph, dec'd, and Mercy, 
and Phebe Scott, dau. of Alexander and Jane, of Worcester twp., 
at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 16, 1806. 

Charles Mather, of Cheltenham, son of Isaac and Mary, dec'd, and Jane 
Roberts, dau. of Job and Mary, of Whitpain, at a public meeting in 
Gwynedd, 5th mo. 12, 1807. 

Samuel Conrad, of Horsham, son of Samuel 'and Hannah, dec'd, and 
Sarah Hallowell, of Montgomery twp., dau. of William and Mar}', 
dec'd, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, nth mo. 17, 1807. 

John Ambler, jr., of Montgomery twp., son of Joseph and Sarah, and Ann 
Morgan, dau. of Morgan and Ann, of Whitpain, at a public meeting 
in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 8, 1807. 


Edward Spencer, of Horsham, son of Job and Hannah, and Mary Roberts, 

dau. of Cadwalader and Mary, dec'd, of Montgomery twp. , at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 12, 1808. 
Charles Jones, of Montgomery twp,, son of Isaac and Gainor, and Ann 

Jones, dau. of Jonathan and Susanna, dec'd, of Whitemarsh, at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 5, 1809. 
Isaac Jeanes, of Whitemarsh, son of Joseph and Mary, and Lydia Shoe- 
maker, dau. of Joseph and Martha, of Gwynedd, at a public meet- 
in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 12, 1809. 
Cadwalader Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Hugh and Ann, and Ann 

Shoemaker, dau. of David, dec'd, and Jane, of Whitemarsh, at a 

public meeting in Plymouth, nth mo. 27, 1810. 
Nathan Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Thomas and Elizabeth, dec'd, and 

Ann Shoemaker, dau. of Joseph and Tacy, of the same place, at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 4, 18 10. 
Edward Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Amos, dec'd, and Hannah, and 

Tacy Jones, dau. of Isaac and Gainor, of Montgomery twp., at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 11, 1810. 
Evan Jones, of Montgomery twp., son of Evan, dec'd, and Hannah, and 

Lowry Miles, dau. of Caleb, dec'd, and Jane Foulke, of Gwynedd, 

at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo, 9, 181 1. 
"William Robinson, of Providence twp., Montgomery Co., son of Nicholas 

and Elizabeth, and Jane Evans, dau. of Thomas and Elizabeth, 

dec'd, of Gwynedd, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, nth mo. 12, 

Jacob Styer, of Whitpain, son of John and Tacy, and Ann Lukens, dau of 

Jesse and Susanna, of Gwynedd, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 

1 2th mo. 3, 181 1. 
Isaac Warner, jr., son of Isaac, of Moreland, Montgomery Co., and Martha, 

and Ehzabeth Hughes, dau. of Atkinson and Jane, of Horsham, at 

Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 14, 181 2. 
Alexander Forman, jr., of New Britain, Bucks Co., son of Alexander and 

Jane, and Sarah Foulke, dau, of Hugh and Ann, of Gwynedd, at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, loth mo. 6, 1812. 
Samuel Lukens, of Gwynedd, son of Jesse and Susanna, and Mary Farra, 

dau. of Atkinson and Elizabeth, of Norriton, at a public meeting in 

Plymouth, nth mo. 19, 1812. 


Thomas Jacobs, of Providence twp., son of Thomas and Lydia, dec'd, and 
Sarah Fussell, dau. of IJartholomew and Rebecca, of Whitpain, at 
a public meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 8, 18 12. 

Thomas Foulke, of Richland, Bucks Co., son of Israel and Elizabeth, and 
Sarah Lancaster, dau. of Thomas, dec'd, and Ann, of Whitemarsh, 
at a public meeting in Plymouth, 3d mo. 10, 18 14. 

Joseph JFussell, of East Fallowfield, Chester Co., son of Bartholomew and 
Rebecca, and Rebecca Moore, dau. of Henry and Priscilla, of 
Montgomery twp., at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 6th mo. 14, 

Israel Scott, of Worcester twp., son of Alexander and Jane, and Edith 
Lukens, dau. of Jesse and Susanna, of Gwynedd, at a public meet- 
ing in Gwynedd, nth mo. 15, 1814. 

William Ellis, Jr., of Whitpain twp., son of William and Sarah, and Sarah 
Jones, dau. of David and Esther, of Montgomery twp., at a public 
meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 13, 1814. 

Ashton Roberts, of Gwynedd, son of Nathan and Margaret, and Sarah 
Wilson, dau. of Joseph and Ann, dec'd, of Bristol twp., Bucks Co , 
at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 2d mo. 14, 181 5. 

Amos Wilson, of Whitemarsh, son of John and Elizabeth, dec'd, and 
Catharine Lukens, dau. of Abraham and Martha, of the same place, 
at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 5th mo. 9, 18 15. 

John Forman, of New Britain, Bucks Co., son of Alexander and Jane, and 
Eleanor Shoemaker, of Gwynedd, dau. of Joseph and Tacy, at a 
public meeting in Gwynedd, loth mo. 3, 181 5. 

David Ambler, of Montgomery twp., son of Joseph, dec'd, and Sarah, 
and Margaret Hallowell, dau. of William and Susanna, of Abing- 
ton, at a public meeting in Plymouth, nth mo. 16, 1815. 

Solomon Fussell, of Providence twp., son of Bartholomew and Rebecca, 
and Milcah Martha Moore, dau. of Henry and Priscilla, of 
Montgomery twp., at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 2d mo. 6, 

Richard M. Shoemaker, of Cheltenham, son of Robert, dec'd, and 
Martha, and Sarah Cleaver, dau. of Ellis and Elizabeth, dec'd, of 
Gwynedd, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 2d mo 13, 1816. 

Ezekiel Shoemaker, of Gwynedd, son of Joseph and Tacy, and Margaret 
Weber, of Whitpain, dau. of Jacob and Tacy, at a public meeting 
in Plymouth, 2d mo. 15, 18 16. 


Amos Bailey, son of John, dec'd, and Edith, of Falls twp., Bucks Co., 

and Esther Adamson, dau. of Robert and Tabitha, of Horsham, at 

Gvvynedd m. h., 12th mo. 9, 18 17. 
Jonathan Ellis, of Whitpain, son of William and Sarah, and EHzabeth 

Jones, dau. of David and Esther, of Montgomery twp., at a public 

meeting in Gwynedd, nth mo. 18, 18 18. 
Emmor Kimber, jr., of Richland, Bucks Co., son of Richard and Susanna, 

dec'd, of Radnor, Delaware Co., and Lydia Shoemaker, dau. of 

Jacob, dec'd, and Sarah, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, nth mo. 

17, 1818. 
Ellis Cleaver, of Gwynedd, son of Ezekiel and Mary, dec'd, and Tacy 

Evans, dau. of Thomas and Elizabeth, dec'd, of the same place, at 

a public meeting in Gwynedd, 7th mo. 6, 18 19. 
John H. Cavender, of Abington, son of VViUiam and EHzabeth, dec'd, and 

Hannah Shoemaker, dau. of Joseph and Tacy, of Gwynedd, at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, loth mo. 12, 18 19. 
Jesse Tyson, of Upper Providence twp., son of Robert, dec'd, and Mary, 

and Maria Heston, dau. of Levi and Susanna, dec'd, of Gwynedd, 

at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 18, 1820. 
William Zorns, of Gwynedd, son of Jacob and Hannah, and Mary Righter, 

dau. of John, dec'd, and Elizabeth, of Roxborough, Phila. Co., at a 

public meeting in Plymouth, 5th mo. 11, 1820. 
Caleb Evans, of Whitpain, son of Thomas and Elizabeth, both dec'd, and 

Agnes Roberts, dau. of Cadwallader and Mary, both dec'd, of 

Montgomery twp. , at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 6th mo. 1 3, 1 820. 
Joseph Shoemaker, of Gwynedd, son of Joseph and Tacy, and Phebe 

Hallowell, dau. of William and Susanna, of the same place, at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 10, 1821. 
Jesse Spencer, of Gwynedd, son of John, dec'd, and Lydia, and Mary 

Custard, of Gwynedd, dau. of Joseph and Amelia, both dec'd, of 

Richland, Bucks Co., at a public meeting in Gvvynedd, 4th mo. 24, 

Jesse Shoemaker, of Gwynedd, son of Joseph and Martha, and Sarah 

Ambler, dau. of Edward and Ann, of Montgomery twp., at a pubhc 

meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 11, 182 1. 
John Ambler, of Montgomery twp., son of John and Ann, dec'd, and Mary 

Thomas, dau. of John and Mary, of Plymouth, at a pubhc meeting 

in Gwynedd, nth mo. 12, 1822. 


John Lloyd, of Moreland, Montgomery Co., son of Benjamin and Sarah, 
both dec'd, and Lydia Spencer, dau. of John, dec'd, and Lydia, of 
the same place, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo, 8, 1823. 

Aaron Lukens, of Plymouth, son of Uavid and Mary, dec'd, and Anna M. 
Foulke, dau. of William and Margaret, dec'd, of Gwynedd, at 
Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 13, 1824. 

Alexander Forman, of New Britain, Bucks Co., yeoman, son of Alexander 
and Jane, both dec'd, and Mary Ambler, dau. of Joseph, dec'd, 
and Sarah, of Montgomery, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 2d 
mo. 15, 1825. 

Edward Ambler, jr., of Montgomery twp., son of Edward and Ann, and 
Mary Roberts, dau. of George and Rachel, of Gwynedd, at a public 
meeting in Gwynedd, loth mo. 18, 1825. 

Silas Walton, of Upper Dublin, son of Jeremiah and Rachel, of Horsham,, 
and Priscilla Ambler, dau. of John and Priscilla, dec'd, of Mont- 
gomery twp., at a public meeting in Gwynedd, loth mo. 7, 1826. 

Israel L. Tennis, of Towamencin, son of Samuel and Mary, and Elizabeth 
Lukens, dau. of Enos and Ann, of the same place, at a public meet- 
ing in Gwynedd, 1 2th mo. 12, 1826. 

Jonathan Maulsby, of Plymouth, Montgomery Co., son of Samuel and 
Susanna, and Jane Jones, dau. of Evan and Sarah, of the same 
county, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 8, 1828. 

Jesse Shoemaker, of Gwynedd, son of Joseph, dec'd, and Martha, and 
Sarah Lukens, dau. of Enos and Ann, of Towamencin twp., at a 
public meeting in Gwynedd, 6th mo. 10, 1828. 

Justinian Kenderdine, son of Joseph, dec'd, and Hannah, of Horsham, 
and Tacy Thomas, dau. of John, dec'd, and Sarah, of Whitpain, at 
a public meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 9, 1828. 

Jonathan Lukens, of Gwynedd, son of Jesse and Susanna, dec'd, and 
Elizabeth Righter, jr., dau. of John, dec'd, and Elizabeth, of Rox- 
borough, Philadelphia Co., at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 
15, 1825. 

Isaac Ellis, of Whitpain, Montgomery Co., son of William and Sarah, and 
Margaret Thomas, dau. of John and Mary, of the same county, at 
a public meeting in Gwynedd, 6th mo. 9, 1829. 

John Rutter, of Upper Dublin, son of James and Mary, and Elizabeth 
Ambler, dau. of Edward and Ann, dec'd, of Montgomery' twp., at 
a public meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 8, 1829. 


Thomas Bancroft, of Delaware Co. , son of John and Elizabeth, and Lydia 

Ambler, dau. of John and Priscilla, dec'd, of Montgomery Co., at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 12, 1831. 
David Jones, son of David and Esther, of Montgomery twp., and Hannah 

Conrad, dau. of Thomas, dec'd, and Mary, of the same place, at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 19, 1831. 
Evan G. Lester, of Richland, Bucks Co., son of Thomas and Hannah, 

both dec'd, and Cynthia E. Jones, dau. of Evan and Sarah, dec'd, 

at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 2d mo. 14, 1832. 
Lewis Jones, of Upper Dublin, son of Henry, dec'd [of Montgomery twp.], 

and Jane, and Mary Livezey, dau. of Samuel and Mary, of the 

same county, at a public meeting in Plymouth, 3d mo. 15, 

Joseph Zoms, of Upper Dubhn, son of Jacob and Hannah, and Ann Hal- 

lowell, dau. of William, dec'd, and Susanna, of Horsham twp., at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 3, 1832. 
Joseph W. Conrad, of Montgomery twp., son of Thomas, dec'd, and Mary, 

and Hannah S. Meredith, dau. of David and Rachel, of said county, 

at a pubUc meeting in Plymouth, 5th mo. 16, 1832. 
David Thomas, of Whitpain, son of Evan and Christiana, both dec'd, and 

Sarah Gibson, dau. of John, dec'd, and Elizabeth, of Roxborough, 

at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 4, 1832. 
Charles Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Nathan, dec'd, and Ann, and Mary 

Morgan, dau. of Benjamin and Tacy, of Whitpain, at Gwynedd 

m. h., 3d mo. 12, 1833. 
Edwin Moore, of Upper Merion, son of Richard, dec'd, and Abigail, and 

Phebe Foulke, dau. of Joseph and Elizabeth, of Gwynedd, at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 5th mo. 13, 1834. 
WilUam Lukens, of Philadelphia, son of Amos and Sarah, and Edith 

Lukens, dau. of George and Esther, of Montgomery Co. , at a public 

meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 9, 1834. 
John Rich, of Byberry, son of Joseph and Ehzabeth, dec'd, and Ann B. 

Cooper, of Gwynedd, dau. of Mahlon, and Jane, of Horsham, at a 

public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 7, 1835. 
John Clifton Lester, of Richland, Bucks Co., son of John and Abigail, both 

dec'd, and Hannah B. Mather, of Whitpain, dau. of Charles, dec'd, 

and Jane, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 9th mo. 15, 1835. 


Thomas Shoemaker, of Gwynedd, son of Thomas and Mary, both dec'd, 
and Margaretta Farra, dau. of Atkinson and Elizabeth, dec'd, of 
Montgomery Co., at a public meeting, loth mo. 13, 1835. 

Robert Shoemaker, of Montgomery twp., son of Thomas and Hannah, 
dec'd, and Sarah Roberts, dau. of George, dec'd, and Rachel, of 
Gwynedd, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 12, 1836. 

Watson Comly, of Byberry, Phila. Co., son of Joseph and Rachel, and 
Mary G. Lester, dau. of Thomas and Hannah, both dec'd, at a 
public meeting in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 18, 1837. 

John W. Hampton, of Plymouth, son of James and Harriet, both deceased, 
and Tacy S. Morgan, dau. of Benjamin and Tacy, of Whitpain, at 
a public meeting in Gwynedd, 3d mo. 13, 1838. 

Benjamin G. Foulke, of Richland, Bucks Co., son of Caleb and Jane, 
dec'd, and Jane Mather, dau. of Charles, dec'd, and Jane, of Whit- 
pain, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 3d mo. 6, 1838. 

John Walton, of Moreland, Montgomery Co., son of Jeremiah and Hannah, 
dec'd, and Mary Thomson, dau. of John and Mary, dec'd, of 
Gwynedd, at a pubHc meeting in Gwynedd, i ith mo. 13, 1838. 

James Hall, of Blockley, Phila Co., son of John and Ann, and Sarah J. 
Ellis, widow, of Whitpain, dau. of David, dec'd, and Esther Jones, 
at a pubhc meeting in Gwynedd, 12th mo. 3, 1839. 

John T. Michener, of Plumstead, Bucks Co., son of Abraham and Jane, 
and Elizabeth Forman, dau. of John and Eleanor, of said county, 
at Gwynedd m. h., 5th mo. 4, 1842. 

Charles Hall, of Blockley, Phila. Co., son of James and Hepzibah, dec'd, 
and Sarah Lukens, dau. of Nathan and Matilda, both dec'd, at the 
house of Ezekiel Cleaver, in Gwynedd, 2d month 16, 1843. 

Hugh Forman, of New Britain, Bucks Co., son of Alexander and Sarah, 
dec'd, and Jane Hallowell, dau. of William and Catharine, dec'd, 
of Plymouth, at a public meeting in Plymouth, 3d mo. 16, 


Josiah Cleaver, of Montgomery twp., son of Salathiel and Mary, and Mar- 
tha P. Lukens, dau. of Peter, dec'd, and Mary, at the house of Evan 
Jones, in Gwynedd, 4th mo. 11, 1844. 

Nathaniel F. Kinsey, of Milford twp., Bucks Co., son of John and Eliza- 
beth, dec'd, and Elizabeth Morgan, dau. of Morgan and Ann, of 
Montgomery twp., at the house of Morgan Morgan, 4th mo. 16, 


Samuel J. Levick, of Richland, Bucks Co., son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth 
W., of Philadelphia, and Susanna M. Mather, dau. of Charles, 
dec'd, and Jane, of Whitpain, at the house of Job R. Mather, nth 
mo. 17, 1844. 

Ellis Cleaver, of Gwynedd, son of Ellis and Elizabeth, both dec'd, and 
Hannah Pugh, dau. of Jonathan, dec'd, and Esther, of the same 
CO., at the house of Ellis Cleaver, 4th mo. 9, 1846. 

Penrose Mather, of Cheltenham, son of Bartholomew and Ann, dec'd, and 
Lydia Shoemaker, dau. of Thomas and Hannah, dec'd, of Gwyn- 
edd, at the house of Thomas Shoemaker, nth mo. 12, 1846. 

Daniel Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Joseph and Elizabeth, and Elizabeth 
C. Foulke, dau. of William and Susanna, of the same place, at the 
house of William Foulke, 4th mo. 8, 1847. 

WiUiam Walmsley, of Philadelphia, son of Joseph and Ann, and Letitia 
Mather, dau. of Charles and Jane, both dec'd, at the house of Job 
R. Mather, 6th mo. 10, 1847. 

Anthony C. Michener, of Abington, son of John and Martha, and Hannah 
W. Jones, dau. of Charles and Ann, of Montgomery twp., at the 
house of Charles Jones, ist mo. 6, 1848. 

Eli Simmers, of Upper Dublin, parents deceased, and Mary L. Walton, 
dau. of Jeremiah and Rachel, both dec'd, at the house of Silas 
Walton, 1 2th mo. 6, 1849. 

Charles Conard, of Whitpain, son of John and Sarah, and Lydia Ann 
Walton, dau. of Silas and Priscilla, of Montgomery twp., at the 
house of Silas Walton, 2d mo. 14, 1850. 

George A. Newbold, of Byberry, Phila. Co., son of Samuel and Abigail, 
dec'd, and Hannah C. Foulke, dau. of William and Susanna C, of 
Gwynedd, at the house of William Foulke, loth mo. 10, 1850. 

Cadwallader R. Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Caleb and Agnes, and Ellen 
H. Shoemaker, dau. of Joseph and Phebe, of the samo place, at the 
house of Joseph Shoemaker, 2d mo. 13, 185 1. 

David Cleaver, of Montgomery twp., son of Nathan and Martha, and 
Hannah Holt, dau. of John and Rachel, of the same co., at the 
house of John Holt, in Whitemarsh, 4th mo. loth, 1851. 

Ellwood Cleaver, of Gwynedd, son of ElUs and Sarah L., dec'd, and 
Martha Ann Lukens, dau. of Jonathan and Elizabeth, of the same 
place, at the house of Jonathan Lukens, loth mo. 9, 185 1. 


Comly Lukens, of Towamencin, son of George, dec'd, and Esther, and 
Lydia Acuff [wid. of William] , dau. of Jonathan and Elizabeth 
Ellis, of Norriton twp., at the house of Jonathan Ellis, 2d mo. 16, 


Ezekiel Shoemaker, of Gwynedd, son of Joseph and Phoebe, and Hannah 
H. Meredith, dau. of John and Rachel, both dec'd, of Plymouth 
twp., at the house of William P. Ellis, ist mo. 11, 1854. 

Joseph M. E. Ambler, of Upper Dublin, Montgomery Co., son of Andrew, 
dec'd, and Mary I., and Hannah Cleaver, dau. of Solomon and 
Lydia, of [Gwynedd] the same co., at the house of Solomon 
Cleaver, 2d mo. 16, 1854. 

Isaac Conard, of Whitemarsh, son of John, dec'd, and Sarah, and Mary 
Walton, dau. of Silas and Priscilla, of Montgomery twp., at the 
house of Silas Walton, 4th mo. 6, 1854. 

Jacob Beans, of Baltimore, Md., son of Jonathan and Elizabeth, and Sarah 
C. Smith, dau. of John and Betsy Rich, of Gwynedd, at the house 
of Benjamin C. Rich, in Horsham, ist mo. 8, 1857. 

Milton Darlington, of West Marlboro, Chester Co., son of Richard and 
Edith, and Sarah Forman, dau. of Alexander, dec'd, and Mary, of 
New Britain, Bucks Co., at the house of Hugh Forman, 6th mo. 

10, 1858. 

Jonathan Thomas, of [Upper Dublin], Montg. Co., son of Spencer 
[dec'd], and Hephziba, and Margaretta N. Phipps, dau. of Peter 
and Lydia [of Whitemarsh], at the house of Peter Phipps, loth mo. 

11, i860. 

Lewis J. Ambler, of Upper Dublin, son of Andrew, dec'd, and Mary, and 

Rachel Walton, dau. of Silas and Priscilla, of Montgomery twp., at 

the house of Silas Walton, 9th mo. 25, 1862. 
John Stackhouse, of Falls twp., Bucks Co., son of Thomas and Phoebe 

K., dec'd, and Anna Shaw, dau. of Lewis B. and Esther, of G%\"^-n- 

edd, at the house of Lewis B. Shaw, ist mo. 8, 1863. 
Charles E. Ambler, of Plymouth, son of Edward and Mary R., and 

Pamela F. Shaw, dau. of Lewis B. and Esther, of Gwynedd, at the 

house of Lewis B. Shaw, 2d mo. 12, 1863. 
Edwin MuUin, of Gwynedd, son of Robert and Phoebe [of Horsham] , and 

Anna R. Conrad, dau. of Peter and Sarah, of Horsham, at the 

house of Peter Conrad, 2d mo. 19th, 1863. 


Chalkley Ambler, of Philadelphia, son of John and Ann, both dec'd, and 
Catharine C. Evans, dau. of Peter C. and Margaret [of Whitpain] , 
at the house of Chalkley Ambler, 6th mo. 4, 1863. 

Edward Pickering, of Bensalem, Bucks Co., son of Samuel W. and Eliza- 
beth L., both dec'd, and Rebecca Rowlett, dau. of John and Dru- 
cilla P., of Gwynedd, at the house of John Rowlett, 4th mo. 6, 

James Ouinby Atkinson, of Upper Dublin, son of Thomas and Hannah, 
and Margaretta Foulke, dau. of William and Susanna C, of Gwyn- 
edd, at the house of William Foulke, nth mo. 17, 1864. 

Jesse James, jun., of Byberry, son of Jesse and Martha, and Sarah J. 
Cleaver, dau. of Nathan, jr., and Deborah, of Gwynedd, at the 
house of Nathan Cleaver, jr., loth mo. 26, 1865. 

Aaron Ambler, of Whitemarsh, son of David and Margaret, and Mary M. 
Conard, dau. of Meredith and Rachel, dec'd, of Whitpain, at the 
house of Meredith Conard, ist mo. 17, 1867. 

James Q. Atkinson, of Upper Dublin, son of Thomas and Hannah, and 
Mary Cleaver, dau. of Nathan, jr., and Deborah [formerly of Gwyn- 
edd], at the house of Jesse James, Bensalem, Bucks co., 5th mo. 
20, 1868. 

[The following are from the records of the Orthodox monthly- 
meeting of Gwynedd :] 

Jacob T. Lukens, of Horsham, Montg. Co., son of William and Martha, 
and Jane Roberts, dau. of George and Phoebe, of Worcester twp.,at 
a public meeting in Gwynedd, 2d mo. 18, 1832. 

James C. Jackson, of Hockessin, New Castle Co., Del., son of Thomas 
and Jane, and Amelia Spencer, dau. of Jesse, dec'd, and Mary C, 
of Gwynedd, at a public meeting in Gwynedd, 5th mo. 16, 1844. 

Thomas Wistar, of Montgomery Co., son of Thomas, jr., and Elizabeth 
B,, and Priscilla Foulke, dau. of Edward and Tacy, of the same 
CO., at Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 26, 1849. 

Samuel Morris, of Philadelphia, son of Samuel B. and Hannah P., dec'd, 
and Lydia Spencer, dau. of Jesse, dec'd, and Mary C, of Mont- 
gomery Co., at Gwynedd m. h., 2d mo. 17, 1853. 


Lists of Marriages and Deaths, fro7n Samuel aitd Cadwallader 
Foulke's Memorafidum Books. 

The following lists are made up from memoranda found in 
two almanac memorandum books that were amongst the papers 
of Cadwallader Foulke (surveyor), of Gwynedd. The larger of 
the two is Aitkeris General American Register and Calendar, for 
the Year 1774, printed at Philadelphia by R. Aitken ; the other 
is The Lancaster Pocket Almanack, for the Year lyyS, " by An- 
thony Sharp, Philom.," printed at Lancaster by Francis Bailey. 
The two contain blank leaves on which the memoranda appear. 
Both of them no doubt were originally the property of Samuel 
Foulke, of Richland (son of Hugh and Ann), and the memo- 
randa, begun by him, were added to by his son Cadwalader. 
Most of the marriages and a large part of the deaths are those 
of persons living at Richland, but as it would be difficult to 
select strictly those belonging to Gwynedd, and as there were so 
many ties of kindred and acquaintance with the Richland 
people, I have thought it altogether proper to give all that are 
found in both books. The marriage list is as follows. (For 
convenience of reference I have prefixed to the entries a series of 

1. Samuel Foulke and Ann Greasley, married 9th mo. 24, 1743. 

2. Abel Roberts and Gainor Morris, 2d mo. 17, 1744. 

3. Joseph Green and Catharine Thomas, 3d mo. mo. 10, 1744. 

4. Edward Thomas and Alice Roberts, 10th mo. 21, 1749. 

5. Samuel Thomas and Phebe Lancaster, loth mo. 19, 1752. 

6. John Roberts and Margaret Gaskill, 5th mo. — , 1753. 

7. John Lancaster and Elizabeth Barlow, 12th mo. — , 1753. 

8. Jonathan Heacock and Susanna Morgan, 3d mo. 9, 1745. 

9. Isaac Lester and Eleanor Thomas, 8th mo. — , 1746. 

10. Charles Dennis and Sarah Morgan, 4th mo. 11, 1747. 

11. John Thomas and Elizabeth Lewis, 4th mo. 23, 1748. 

12. Thomas Roberts and Lett' a Rhea, 9th mo. 14, 1750. 


13. Joseph Dennis and Hannah Lewis, 5th mo. 20, 1752. 

14. Thomas Christie and Martha Ashton, 5th mo. — , 1753. 

15. George Hoge and Elizabeth Blackledge, 12th mo. 9, 1756. 

16. Joseph Rakestraw and Rachel Ogilby, nth mo. 7, 1757. 

17. John Morgan and Mary Gaskill, nth mo. 2, 1758. 

18. Thomas Casner and Ann Thomas, 7th mo. 2, 1761. 

19. Thomas Ashton and Mary Chapman, ist mo. 13, 1763. 

20. Thomas Stalford and Eliz. Wright, 5th mo. 12, 1763. 

21. Abra'm Ball and Ann Adamson, nth mo. 10, 1763. 

22. David Roberts and Phebe Lancaster, 5th mo. 2, 1754. 

23. Thomas Foulke and Jane Roberts, loth mo. 10, 1754. 

24. John Foulk and Mary Roberts, loth mo. 14, 1755. 

25. JohnGreasley and Jane Foulke, nth mo. 17, 1756. 

26. Abra'm Roberts and Cathar'ne Lester, 12th mo. 9, 1756. 

27. Wm. Foulke and Priscilla Lester, 5th mo. 12, 1757. 

28. Wm. Blackledge and Ann Lewis, 6th mo. 15, 1757. 

29. Theophilus Foulke and Margaret Thomas, nth mo. 10, 1757. 
30.' Thos. Blackledge and Margaret Wright, 5th mo. n, 1758. 

31. Jonathan Penrose and Martha James, 5th mo. loth, 1759. 

32. Joseph Rawlings and Ann Hilles, 6th mo. 20, 1759. 

33. Robert Ashton and Sarah Thomas, i ith mo. 8, 1759. 

34. Wm. Thomas and Ann Foulke, loth mo. 9, 1760. 

35. Benj'n Fell and Sarah RawHngs, nth mo. 3, 1757. 

36. Wm. Hicks and Hannah Shaw, nth mo. 13, 1760. 

37. Everard Robert and Ann [Hole?] 6th mo. n, 1761. 

38. John Lester and Jane Antram, loth mo. 7, 1762. 

39. Wm. Burr and Ann Edwards, 8th mo. 3, 1763. 

40 Isaac Samuel and Eleanor Lester, nth mo. 23, 1763. 

41. James Walton and Margaret Lewis, 12th mo. 8, 1763. 

42. Everard Foulke and Ann Dehaven, Sept. 29, 1778. 

43. James Green and Martha Foulke, 5th mo. 6, 1779. 

44. John Penrose and Ann Roberts, nth mo. 8, 1764. 

45. Will'm Edwards and Meribah Gaskil, 4th mo. 24, 1766. 

46. Will'm Clark and Hannah Loyd, 5th mo. i, 1766. 

47. Joseph Shaw and Rachel GrifBth, 6th mo. 4, 1767. 

48. Sam'l Nixon and Susanna Roberts, 5th mo. n, 1769. 

49. Robert Fisher and Martha Edwards, 5th mo. 18, 1769. 

50. Thomas Strawhen and Mary Heacock, 6th mo. 8, 1769. 


51. Lewis Lewis and Mary liurson, loth mo. 12, 1769. 

52. Abra'm Walton and Rachel Heacock, loth mo. 12, 1769. 

53. George Michener and Hannah Carr, loth mo. 19, 1769. 

54. John Chapman and Hannah Antram, iith mo. 30, 1769. 

55. John Roberts, sen., and Martha Edwards, sen., i ith mo. i, 1770. 

56. Will'm Penrose and Mary Roberts, nth mo. 8, 1770. 

57. Randal Iden and Eleanor Foulke, ist mo. 9, 1772. 

58. John Thompson and Abigail Roberts, 3d mo. 25, 1773. 

59. John Hallowell and Martha Roberts, iith mo. 3, 1774. 

60. Edward Fell and Mary Penrose, 12th mo. 8, 1774. 

61. Benjamin Green and Jane Roberts, nth mo. 9, 1775. 

62. Amos Roberts and Margaret Thomas, nth mo. 30, 1775. 

63. Isaac Burson and Elizabeth Blackledge, 2d mo. 29, 1776. 

64. Joseph Speakman and Catharine Dennis, nth mo. 14, 1776. 

65. Will'm Shaw and Sarah Carr, 4th mo. 17, 1777. 

66. Sam'l Penrose and Sarah Roberts, loth mo. 9, 1777. 

67. Jeremiah Williams and Mary Blackledge, 4th mo. 22, 1779. 

68. Abrah'm Roberts and Penninnah Thomas, loth mo. 7, 1779. 

69. Edward Roberts and Marah Lewis, 9th mo. 30, 1779. 

70. Asher Foulke and Alice Roberts, nth mo. n, 1779. 

71. Samuel Shaw and Susanna Wray, nth mo. 25, 1779. 

72. Moses Shaw and Mary Carr, 6th mo. i, 1780. 

73. George Williams and Abigail Lancaster, loth mo. 17, 1780. 

74. Edw'd Foulke and Elizabeth Roberts, nth mo. i, 1781. 

75. George Iden and Hannah Foulke, ist mo. 24, 1782. 

76. Israel Roberts and Ann Foulke, jr., 6th mo. 6, 1782. 

77. Israel Foulke and EHzabeth Roberts, nth mo. 14, 1782. 

78. John Griffith and Rachel Greasley, ist mo. 2, 1783. 

79. David Stokes and Anne Lancaster, 4th mo. 15, 1784. 
So. Joseph Rawlings and Anne Heacock, nth mo. 25, 1784. 

81. John Greasley and Margaret Roberts, 5th mo. 5, 1785. 

82. Hugh Foulke and Sarah Roberts, 4th mo. 8, I785- 

83. Jesse Hicks and Mary Ball, 5th mo. 26, 1785. 

84. Eli Kennard and Eliz'th Blackledge, 6th mo. 8, 1786. 

85. Joseph Custer and Amelia Foulke, loth mo. 20, 1786. 

86. Judah Foulke and Sarah McCarty, loth mo. 20, 1786. 

87. Jona'n Griffith and Sarah Burson, nth mo. 2, 1786. 

88. Daniel Walton and Martha Green, loth mo. 2, 178S. 


89. Benj'n Foulke and Martha Roberts, 3d mo. 26, 1789. 

90. Joseph Heston and Anne Thomas, loth mo. 15, 1789. 

91. John Foulke and Letitia Roberts, loth mo. 29, 1789. 

92. Israel Penrose and Susanna Foulke, loth mo. 21, 1790. 

93. Nathan Roberts and Margaret Ashton, 5th mo. 5, 1791. 

94. Shipley Lester and Marg't Nixon, nth mo. 24, 1791. 

95. Samuel Shaw and Elizabeth Ball, 12th mo. 6, 1792. 

96. Will'm Samuel and Mary Foulke, 5th mo. 25, 1793. 

97. Josiah Dennis and Alice Wilson, iith mo. 28, 1793. 

98. Lewis Lewis and Abigail Roberts, 3d mo. 26, 1795. 

99. Amos Richardson and Martha Penrose, 4th mo. 23, 1795. 

00. Levi Roberts and Phebe McCarty, 6th mo. 4, 1795. 

01. Thos. Penrose and Rachel Hillman, 3d mo. 31, 1796. 

02. George Shaw and Rachel Penrose, nth mo. — , 1795. 

03. Thos. Lester and Mary Stokes, 12th mo. 22, 1796. 

04. Jacob Beans and Hannah Iden, 8th mo. 31, 1797. 

05. Moses Wilson and Jane Lester, nth mo. 2, 1797. 

06. Israel Lancaster and Hannah Nixon, 2d mo. 22, 1798. 

07. Hugh Foulke and Sarah Lester, 12th mo. 27, 1798. 

08. Isaiah Jemison and Margaret Ball, 4th mo. — , 1798. 

09. George Hicks and Ann Penrose, 4th mo. 4, 1799. 

10. William Edwards and Susanna Nixon, May 2, 1799. 
ir. Thos. Gibson and Margaret Foulke, April 25, 1792. 

12. Edw'd Jenkins and Sarah Foulke, April 26, 1792. 

13. Theo's Foulke and Hannah Lester, May 31, 1792. 

14. Cadwallader Foulke and Margaret Foulke, jr., Nov. 14, 1792, 

15. Evan Foulke and Sarah Nixon, 4th mo. 7, 1794. 

16. Nathan Edwards and Lydia Foulke, April 3, 1800. 

17. Evan Roberts and Abigail Penrose, October — , 1799. 

18. Joseph Penrose and Margaret Jameson, May 20, 1802. 

19. Joseph Meredith and Rachel Foulke, Nov. 5, 1803. 

20. Hugh Foulke and Catharine Johnson, Jan. 17, 1804. 

21. Abiah Thomas and Sarah Ashton, April 10, 1804. 

22. William Green and Mary Roberts, April — , 1804. 

23. Job Watson and Gulielma Shaw, Jan. 6, 1794. 

24. David McCord and Ann Shaw, Jan. — , 1795. 

25. Wm. Manning and Hannah Shaw, April — , 1795. 

26. Will'm Nixon and Martha Roberts, ist mo. — , 1800. 


27. Enoch Penrose and Martha Edwards, iith mo. 26, 1801. 

[28. Timothy Smith and Rachel Stokes, 12th mo. 3, 1801. 

[29. Abel Penrose and Kezia Speakman, 4th mo. i, 1802. 

[30. Joel Edwards and Ann Green, 3d mo. 31, 1803. 

[31. George Child and Ann Iden, ist mo. 5, 1804. 

[32. David Roberts, jun., and Elizabeth Stokes, 3d mo. 22, 1804. 

[33. John Shaw, jun'r, and Elizabeth Ball, nth mo. 22, 1804. 

[34. Abel Penrose and Abigail Foulke, 5th mo. 2, 1805. 

[35. Thomas Lester and Hannah Green, nth mo. — , 1805. 

[36. John Lester and Abigail Wilson, 2d mo. 27, 1806. 

[37. Jonathan Evans and Elizabeth Iden, loth mo. 5, 1809. 

[38. Thomas Thorp and Mary Foulke, iith mo. 2, 1809. 

[39. Morgan Morgan and Ann Custer, nth mo. 15, 1810. 

[40. Sam'l Iden and Elizabeth Chapman, nth mo. — , 1810. 

[41. David Foulke and Mariann Shaw, — mo. — , i8n. 

[42. John Kinzey and Elizabeth Foulke, Nov'r — , 1816. 

[43. Thomas Iden and Rachel Parry, Dec'r 10, 18 16. 

[44. Jesse Iden and Ann Wright, Oct'r 9, 1817. 

[45. Samuel Foulke and Ann Heacock, Dec'r — , 1818. 

[46. Greenfield Iden and Ann Hartley, April 14, 18 19. 

[47. Jesse Tyson and Maria Heston, April 24, 181 8. 

[48. Samuel Shaw and Sidney Foulke, Dec'r 14, 1822. 

[49. Dr. James Green and Ann Foulke, Dec'r 14, 1822. 

150. Jesse Spencer and Mary Custer, April 24, 1821. 

151. Franklin Foulke and Maria H. Tyson, Nov'r 20, 1827. 
:52. Jesse Jenkins and Mary Ambler, Oct'r 20, 1828. 

:53. Meredith Conrad and Rachel Jenkins, April 9, 1829. 

:54. Thomas Strawn and Jane Foulke, April 30, 1829. 

:55. Peter C. Evans and Margaret Jenkins, October 20, 1831. 

56. Dan'l L. Downing and Sarah Iden, 5th mo. 18, 1820. 

57. James Boon and Mary Foulke, married 15th May, 1735. 
Their daughter Ann, born 3d April, 1737. 


" 17th Jan., 1739. 


" 30th June, 1742. 


" 26th Jan., 1744. 


" 8th Dec'r, 1746. 


" 24th March, 1749 


loth April, 1750. 


" 23d July, 1751. 


The mother's [Mary's] decease, 20th Feb., 1756. 

The father's [James'] second marriage, 20th Oct., 1757. 

Moses Boon and Sarah Griffith married loth Jan., 1779. 

The father's [Jamas'] decease, Sept., 1785. 

The second wife's [of James] decease, July, 1790. 

List of Deaths. 

The following is the list of deaths from the two memorandum 
books. As they had been inserted irregularly, on the various 
pages, and have been copied nearly in order from the beginning 
forward, the dates are to some extent intermingled : 

Lewis Lewis Died Feb. 16, 1778, aged 72 yrs. 

Edward Thomas Died April 4, 1782, aged 62. 

1 2th Oct., 1780, Dyed Thos. Thomas. 

2ist Feb., 1781, Dyed Sam'l Shaw. 

7th Dec, 1790, Dyed Thomas Blackledge, aged 83 yrs. 

26th Feb., 1 79 1, Dyed John Lancaster. 

1 2th Feb., 1792, Dyed James Burson, aged 73 yrs. 

31st Oct., 1792, Dyed Joseph Ball, aged 74. 

1 2th mo. 23, 1794, Dyed Mary Shaw, aged about 82 yrs. 

3d mo. 20, 1796, Dyed Sara Ball, aged 72 yrs. 

2nd mo. 2d, 1797, Dyed John Roberts, aged 80. 

8th mo. 23d [1797], Dyed Phebe Roberts, aged 62. 

8th mo. 25th [1797], Dyed John Dennis, aged 18. 

1803, Jan. 15, Died Kezia Dennis, aged 87. 

Rebekah Bryan, July 23d, 1796, aged 80. 

Deb'h Carr, 17th July, 1796, aged — . 

Joseph Rawlings, 22d Dec, 1796. 

Mary Shaw, Dec'r 23, 1794, aged 82. 

Ann Lewis, Nov'r 8, 1785, aged 78. 

Thos. Roberts, May 30th, 1786, aged 66. 

1797, July 28th, Died Theophilus Foulke, in his 37th year. [This was the 

son of Theophilus, and father of Dr. Antrim. He was accidentally 

killed] . 


April 1 2th, 1800, Died Wm. Heacock, aged 83. 

June 6th [1800], Died Ellin Samuels, aged 76 yrs. 4 mos. and 7 days. 

December 20th [1800], Died Jacob Strawhan, of Haycock, aged 8 

Feb. 1 2th, 1795, Dyed the Widow Snodgrass, aged 96 years. 
Dec'r ist, 1798, Dyed Hannah Foulke, of North Wales, in her 85th year 

[widow of William, the son of Thomas] . 
October ist, 1798, Died Robert Kirkbride, of New Britain, with the yellow 

John Iden, son of Randal & Eleanor Iden, died 4th April, 1779. 
Jan. 2 1 St, 1797, Dyed Samuel Foulke, aged 78 years, 10 months, 17 days. 

[Member of the Provincial Assembly, father of Cadwalader]. 
May 1 2th, 1797, Dyed Ann Foulke, aged 70 years and 9 months. [Wife 

of Samuel, just mentioned.] 
1 801, Aug. 29, Died Everard Roberts, aged — . 
August 31st [1801], Died Evan Jones, of Northwales, aged 80 yrs. 
Oct. 4th [1801], Died John Roberts Cadw'r, of Northwales, in the 89 year 

of his age. 
Oct'r 7th [1801], Died Ehzabeth Thomas, wife of John Thomas, aged 74 

March 29th, 1802, Died Margaret Foulke, aged near 68 years. 
June 23d, 1802, Died Margaret Greasley, aged — . 
Oct. 22, 1802, Died John Edwards, aged 78. 
1803, Aug't 20, died George Maris, of Northwales, aged — . 
June 14th, 1 801, Died John Lester, aged 64. 
Nov. 6th, 1816, died Gouverneur Morris, of the city of New York. 

181 1, Aug. — , died Amelia Custer. 

18 1 2, May 1 6th, died Randal Iden, aged 76 yrs. 

1815, April 12, at his residence, Richland township, county, Ohio, 

WilHam Thomas, formerly of Bucks co., Pa., aged 81. 

181 5, Died Levi Foulke, of Gwynedd. 

April, 1833, at his residence, Hilltown, Bucks co., Benjamin Morris, in his 
86th year. 

1805, Aug. 14, died David Roberts, aged 83. 

1806, December, died Nathan Roberts, aged 7-. 

1807, January 8th, died Jane Maris, widow of George Maris, aged 7- years. 
1807, Jan. 13th, died Joseph Custer. 


1807, February i6th, died Ann Heacock. 

Aug. 23d, 1 8 16, died Elizabeth Stalford, aged 91 years. 

Sept'r 6th, 18 16, died Caleb Jenkins, aged about 11 years. 

Sep. nth, 1816, died Mary Roberts, wife of John Roberts, Esq., aged about 

57 yrs. 
18 19, Jan'y 10, died Evan Lloyd, aged about 73 years. 
1 82 1, Jan'y — , died Priscilla Foulke, aged — years. 
1821, Feb'y 28, died at Harrisburg, Benjamin Foulke, Esq., aged 54 


1 82 1, March, died Jesse Foulke, of Northwales. 

1822, July 25, died Jane Foulke, widow of Thomas Foulke, of Richland. 
Octo'r 25th, 1820, died Nicholas Gerhart, of Whitpain, aged 105 years, 5 

mos., and 29 days, the oldest person, perhaps, in the county, at the 
time of his decease. He was born in Germany. 

July 29th, 1822, died Robert I. Evans, of Philadelphia, son of John Evans, 
of Northwales, aged about 36 yrs., esteemed for his amiable man- 
ners, bright talents, and excellent principles. 

July 31, 1822, died Walter Evans, of Mont'y township. 

Nov'r 24th, 1822, died Sarah Foreman, dau. of Hugh and Ann Foulke, 

1823, Jan'y 20, died Joseph Lester, aged — yrSi 

1823, Jan'y 21st, died Tabitha Thomas, aged 83 years, the last 40 yrs. of 
which time she labour' d under a partial Derangement, living en- 
tirely alone, a monument of human patience under suffering. 

1823, Feb'y 15, died Michael Baum. 

1823, Feb'y 26th, died Susanna Lukens, wife of Jesse Lukens. 

1823, May 7th, died Edward Morgan, of Montgomery, aged — yrs. 

1823, June 17th, Died John Roberts, Esq., of Montgomery, aged near 73. 

1823, July 8th, died Daniel Sutch, of Gwynedd, aged about 58. 

1823, Sept'r — , died Joseph Shoemaker, of Gwynedd. 

1823, Nov'r — , died Robert Iredell, of Montgomery. 

1823, Dec'r 6th, died Ann Foulke, wife of Hugh, of Gwynedd. 

1823, Dec'r 14th, died Jesse Tyson, of Providence. 

1824, Jan'y 19th, died Hugh Lloyd, of Horsham, in the 80th year of his 

1824, Jan'y 20th, died Elizabeth Evans (late Iden),aged 39 yrs. and 11 mos. 
1823, July , died Moses Boon, of Exeter [Berks Co.], aged 72. 


fi823], August, died Mary Lee, late I>oon, wife of Thomas Lee, of Oley, 

age<i 84. 
[1823], Nov'r, died Joshua Boon, of Exeter. 

1824, Feb'y 6th, died Daniel Morgan, of North Wales, aged yrs. 
1824, Aug't 24, died Martha Walton (late Foulke), aged 68. 
[1824], Sept'r , died Israel Roberts, formerly of Richland. 
[1824], Sept'r 27th, died Israel Foulke, of Richland, aged 64 yrs. and 7 mos. 
[1824], Dec'r 7th, died Abel Penrose, of ditto, aged 46 yrs. 

1824, Dec'r 25th, died John Jones, Esq., of Lower Merion township, for 

many years Associate Judge of Montgomery county. 

1825, Jan'y 4th, died Alexander Foreman. 

1825, Oct'r 1 8th, died Hannah Jones, of Northwales, aged 96 yrs. 
'Nov'r 8th, 1825, died Nicholas Rile, aged 81 years. (9th of Nov'r, 1819, 

his wife, Margaret, died.) 
July 16, 1826, died Hannah Kirkbride, aged 79. 

1826, Sept'r 24, died John Shaw, aged 84. 

1826, about the beginning of October, died Hannah Harlan, wife of Caleb 
Harlan, of Newlin township, Chester county, late Edwards, grand- 
daughter of Hugh Foulke, of Richland, by his daughter Martha. 

1826, Dec'r 15th, died Hannah Beans, late Iden, aged 89 years nearly. 

Same day, died John Elliott, Esq., of Lower Merion, aged about 50. 

1826, Nov'r , died Asher Foulke, aged 69 yrs. 

1827, March , died Ann Foulke, wife of Everard, in her 69th year. 

1827, August 3, died Frederick Conrad, Esq., of Norristown, aged 69 

September 5th, 1827, died Everard Foulke, Esq., of Richland, aged 72 

February 7th, 1828, died David Roberts, of Milford, Bucks county. 
April 16, 1828, died David Lukens, of Plymouth, aged about 63. 

1828, , died Tho's Lester, of a pulmonary consumption, aged 58. 
May 23, 1828, died Benjamin Green, of Richland, aged 78 yrs. 
1828, Jan. 12, died Tacy Shoemaker, late Ambler, aged 

Feb. 7th, 1829, died Hannah Shoemaker, wife of Thomas Shoemaker. 
Feb. I2th, [1829], died Maria H. Foulke, wife of Franklin Foulke. 
Feb. 14th [1829], died Massey Roberts, aged about 83 yrs. 
1828, Feb'y i6th, died William Lowry, of Worcester, aged 84 yrs., and his 
brother John a few days before, aged 81. 


Feb. 19th [1828], died Joseph Lewis, Esq. [of Gwynedd], aged 83 yrs. 
Feb. 19th [1828], died Isaac Jeans, of Whitemarsh, in the prime of Hfe, of 

a deep consumption. 
1829, August [24th], died Milcah Martha Moore, ^ at BurHngton, N. J., 

widow of Dr. Charles Moore, of Montgomery Square, aged upwards 

of 90 years. 
August 31st [1829], died Edward Jenkins, of Gwynedd, aged 71. 
October 14th [1829], died Elhs Cleaver, of Gwynedd, aged 70 years. 
Same date [Oct. 14th, 1829], died Jacob Kirk, of Upper Dubhn, aged 

about 100 years. 
1829, Oct. 31st, died Ellen Foulke, daughter of Franklin Foulke, aged 10 

mos., of consumption. 
Dec'r 4th [1829], died Hannah Foulke, of Gwynedd, widow of Amos 

Foulke, aged 81. 
February 22, 1830, died Everard Bolton, of Gwynedd, aged 9- years. 
February 24th [1830], died Ruth Jones, of Montgomery. 
Nov'r 24th, 1805, died Jane Lester, aged 
March 4th, 1805, died Elizabeth Evans, of North Wales, aged 79 years, a 

Remarkable Instance of Longevity that may be attained in female. 

Nov'r 30th, 1805, died John Thomas, aged 86. 
January i6th, 1806, died Jonathan Carr. 

1 This lady was the daughter of Dr. Richard Hill, a famous physician, first of 
Maryland, afterward of Funchal, Madeira, and finally of Philadelphia, where he d, 
1762. She was born in Madeira, the youngest of twelve children, Sept. 29, 1740. 
and m. 1767, Dr. Charles Moore, the son of Richard Moore (and uncle of Henry 
Moore, farmer and blacksmith, in Montgomery, where C. S. Knapp lives, 1884). 
Dr. Charles was a distinguished physician. He had graduated at the University 
of Edinburgh (Scotland), in 1752, and located to practice in his profession at 
Montgomery Square, where he d. Aug. 19, 1801, in his 78th year. He was buried 
at Gwynedd. After his death his widow removed to Burlington, N. J., and died 
there, without issue, as stated above, Aug. 24, 1829, her age being a little under 
89, and not " upwards of 90." She left a bequest for educational purposes to 
Gwynedd meeting, and was a woman long remembered in the neighborhood. A 
grand-niece, the daughter of her husband's nephew, Henry (mentioned above), 
was named after her, Milcah Martha, and married Solomon Fussell, of Chester 


List of Deaths from Lewis Jones' s Mcnwyandiuu Book. 

Lewis Jones, of Gvvynedd (b. in Montgomery, d. in Gwyn- 
edd, son of Henry), left in a memorandum book a list of deaths, 
which I present below. In some cases he had added obituary 
notices, the most of which I have not thought it necessary to 
present : 

Lewis, Amos, d. Oct. 15, 1821, bd. at Gwyn. i6th. 
Lukens, Jesse, d. 6, 2, 1822, 38th yr., bd. at U. Dub. 

Cleaver, Ellis, sen., d. 10, 14, 1^29. (He would have been 71, on the 
day of his funeral. Bd. at Gwynedd, "surrounded by a great 
assemblage of friends and acquaintances.") 
Zorns, Phebe, dau. Jacob, d. 8, 4, 18 19, aged abt. 20 yrs. 
Griffiths, Howel, d. 8, 25, 18 19. 
Lukens, Harriet, 11, 22, 18 19. 

Mann, John, sen., of Up. Dub., d. 11, 7, 1819, aged 78. 
Shay, John, sen., of Up. Dub., d. 11, 16, 1819. 
Conrad, Saml, sen., of Horsham, d. 11, 21, 1819. 
Detwiler, Martin, of U. D. (likewise his grand-child), d. 11, 24, 1819. 
Ambler, Hannah, dau. Edward & Ann, d, 2d mo. , 1820. 
Evans, Mary, sen., wid. Amos, d. 4, 21, 1820. 
Meredith, Dr. Joseph, d. August 7, 1820. 

Cleaver, Sarah, d. 9, 15, 1820, at her nephew's in Shoemakertown. 
Paul, Hannah, sen., d. 9, 14, 1820; bd. Horsham, i6th. 
Dull, Christian, sen., d. 9, 27, 1820. 
Foulke, Priscilla, d. i, 25, 1821 (in her 77th year), bd. at Gwynedd 28th. 

"Remains were followed by a numerous circle of relations and 

Foulke, Jesse, d. 3, 15, 1821, bd. Gwynedd i8th. 
Rausberry, John, of Montgomery tp., d. June , 1821, "from injuries 

occasioned by a bull, a few days previous." 
Harrar, Rebecca, wife Nathan, d. 8, 25, 1821, of consumption. 
Bates, Thomas, jr., d. 8, 24, 1S21. Bd. at Baptist burying-ground at 

Montgomery, 25th. Sermon by [Rev.] Joseph Mathias. 
Weber, Jacob, jr., d. 9, 11, 1821 (about 5 yrs. old), of dysentery. 
Burney, Hannah, jr., dau. of Wm. Burney, d. 9, 12, 1821, of dysenter)-. 
Kneedler, Catharine, dau. of Jacob Kneedler, sen., d. 9, 16, 1821, of 

dysentery, — " on which evening she was to have been married." 


Hallowell, Thos., sen., d. Oct. 10, 1821. Bd. at Horsham, 12th. 

Moore, Priscilla, wife of Henry, d. loth mo. , 1821. 

Foulke, Anna, wife of Levi, d. 11, 21, 1821. Bd. Gwynedd, 23d. 

Shoemaker, Thomas, of Upper Dublin, d. (suddenly) 7, 21, 1822. Bd. at 
U. D. 22d. 

Ramsey, Elizabeth, i, 18, 1825, aged about 59. Bd. at Montgomery 
Bapdst Church, 20th. 

Shoemaker, Phebe, jr., d. 8, 19, 1827, in 68th yr. Bd. at Upper DubUn, 

Shoemaker, Margaret, wife of Jonathan, d. 8, 21, 1827. 

Morgan, Edward Stroud, d. 8, 10, 1827. Bd. Gwynedd, nth. 

Shoemaker, Jonathan (son of Phebe just above, and husband of Margaret, 
just above), d. 9th mo. , 1827. Bd. Upper Dublin. 

Moore, Henry, formerly of Montg. twp. [husband of Priscilla, mentioned 
above], d. 10 mo. , 1829. Bd. in Chester co., where he had 
lived for some years. [L. J. adds an obituary notice at length, 
speaking of him as one advanced in years, of much benevolence, 
sweetness of disposition, excellent memory, interesting conversa- 
tion, etc.] 

Acuff, Jacob, d. 4, 2, 1829. Bd. at Whitemarsh, 7th. 

Shoemaker, Hannah, wife of Thos. of Gwynedd, d. 2, 7, 1820, bd. at 
Gwynedd 9th. 

Lewis, Joseph, Esq., d. 2, 19, 1829. 

Hugh, John S., d. 9, 14, 1829. 

^,. , -,,7 T J .0^ 1 Bd. at Gwynedd, on same day ; one 

Kirk, Wm. J., d. 10, 14, 1829. f , -^ ' , ,, t ^i, 

' ^ ^ r 3-t 9. and one at 10 o elk. Jacob the 

Kirk, Jacob, sen., d. 10, 14, 1829. j grandfather of W. J. 

Foulke, Cadwallader, d. 3, 22, 1830. Bd. at Gwynedd, 24th. 

[L. J., speaking of " very large assemblage at funeral," expresses 

the general feeling of loss of one so highly useful.] 
Mather, Charles, d. 11, 12, 1830. Bd. at Gwynedd, 14th. 
Maulsby, Jane, wife of Jonathan Maulsby, of Plym., aged 28 yrs, i mo. 

28 d. Died at residence of her father in Gwynedd. [Evan 

Jones's dau.] 

Evans Family Genealogy! 

IT is intended to present, here, systematically, all the ascer- 
tained facts concerning Thomas, Robert, Owen, and Cad- 
wallader Evans, of Gwynedd, and their descendants. The 
details given are by no means complete : some of the branches 
of the family could not be traced beyond the early generations ; 
and in some cases information asked for was not furnished ; yet 
the mass of facts given is extensive, and may serve as the basis 
for fuller work by any one who is particularly interested in 
the family. 

The origin of the Evans family, in Wales, is indicated by 
notes given on a following page by the late Mrs. William. 
Parker Foulke, the ancestress ^ of her husband having been the 
daughter of Robert Evans. Her facts are drawn from a very 
elaborate family document prepared by the late Rowland E. 
Evans, son of Cadwalader of Philadelphia. It traces the 
descent of the four brothers of Gwynedd back to Mer\yn 
Vrych, King of Man, who was killed in battle with the King of 
Mercia, A. D. 843. Mervyn married Essylt, daughter and sole 

1 This and the Genealogies immediately following are inserted at this place in the 
volume because they begin with the first settlers, and present a large part of the availa- 
ble details in relation to them and to the early history of the township. The fact that 
they continue to the present time is unavoidable, and probably not seriously objection- 
able, — even if a more strenuous attempt had been made to give a strictlv consecutive 
arrangement to all the contents of the book. 

2 Mary Foulke, wife of Cadwallader. 


heiress of Conan Tyndaethwy, King of Wales (who d. 818 or 
820). Both Mervyn and Essylt traced their descent from 
Lludd, King of Britain, brother of Caswallon, the chief who 
resisted the invasion of Csesar, before the Christian era. 

Passing over, however, a number of intermediate genera- 
tions,^ from Mervyn Vrych, the following may be noted : 

I. David Goch, of Penllech, appears to have been a lessee of crown 
lands in Caernarvonshire, in the i8th year of Edward II., and to 
have been living on November 9, 13 14. He m. Maud, dau. of 
David Lloyd (who traced descent from Owen Gvvynedd, Prince of 
Gwynedd), and had three sons, one being 
II. levan Goch, of Graianoc and Penllech, who appears as one of the 
jury to take the extent of the hundred of Cymytmaen, in 1352.- 
His ownership of certain lands is shown in titles of that period. 
He m. Eva, dau. of Einion ap Cynvelyn (who traced descent 
from Bleddyn, Prince of Wales) ; and had two sons, the eldest 

III. Madoc, who appears in the Cwn Amwlch pedigree as "ancestor of 

the gentlemen of Ysbitty Evan," in Denbighshire. His son was 

IV. Deikws ddu, who m. Gwen, dau. of levan ddu (who traced his 

descent to Maelor Crwm, head of the 7th of the noble tribes of 
Wales), and had a son, 
V. Einion, who m. Morvydd, dau. of Matw ap Llowarch, and had a 

VI. Howel, who m. Mali, dau. of Llewellyn ap levan, and had a son, 
VII. Griffith, who m. Gwenllian, dau. of Einion ap levan Lloyd, and 

had four children, the third being 
VIII. Lewis, who m. Ethli, dau. of Edward ap levan, and had six chil- 
dren, the fourth being 
IX. Robert, who m. Gwrvyl, dau. of Llewellyn ap David, of Llan Rwst, 
Denbighshire, and had by her six sons and six daughters, the 
fourth being 

[1 Mr. Thomas A. Glenn, in his volume " Merion in the Welsh Tract," 1896, gives 
all these at length, and also very fully the generations which are here summarised, 
David Goch to Evan Robert Lewis. — Note, i8qSi\ 


X. levan, known as Evan Robert Lewis. lie was living, probably a 
young man, in 1601. He removed from Rhiwlas (or its neighbor- 
hood), in Merionethshire, to Fron Goch (probably in Denbigh- 
shire), and there passed the remainder of his life.' He had five 
sons, all taking for themselves, in the Welsh manner, the sur- 
name ap Evan : 

1. John ap Evan. 

2. Cadwalader ap Evan. 

3. Griffith ap Evan. 

4. Owen ap Evan. 

5. Evan ap Evan. 

XI. Evan ap Evan was the father of the four brothers who came to 
Gwynedd in 1698 (and of Sarah, their sister, who came with 
them, and m. Robert Pugh). He was twice married ; by his first 
wife he had two daughters, by his second four sons, — the Gwyn- 
edd settlers. 

From the other sons of Evan Robert Lewis, others of the 
Welsh settlers in Pennsylvania were descended. John ap Evan, 
it is stated, had several children, and one account^ says that 
two of them were William John, of Gwynedd (the purchaser, 
with Thomas Evans, of the township), and Griffith John,^ of 
Merion, (who d. 1707). This would make William John and 
Thomas Evans first cousins, and such a relationship is very 

Cadwalader ap Evan, the second son of Evan Robert Lewis, 
it is stated, left no children. " Of Griffith ap Evan nothing is 
known." The descendants of Owen ap Evan are very numer- 
ous ; they form the Owen Family, the posterity of Robert (and 

1 In the Genealogy of the Owen Family, descended from his son Owen, it is said he 
was "an honest sober man," and was born "near the end of the reign of Queen 

* A MS. in the possession of Hannah Evans, Moorestown, N. J. 

3 Griffith John was the father of John Griffith, who m. Grace Foulke, dau. of 
Edward, and of Evan Griffith, who married John Humphrey's step-daughter, Jane 


Jane) Owen, of Merion/ who came from Wales in 1690, and d. 
1697 ; and the Cadwalader family are his descendants also, in 
the female line. 

Beginning, then, the account of the Evans family in this 
country,^ and making the immigrants the First Generation, we 
have the following 

Genealogical Sketch. 

[Note — The surname, in this Genealogy, of all whose names are given with Arabic 
figures on the left, is EVANS, except where otherwise explicitly stated. Female lines 
are not followed out. The character f,, at the end of a paragraph, means that the son 
mentioned is again taken up as the head of a family, and fuller details given concern- 
ing him. The Roman numerals at the beginning of paragraphs, and at the head of 
lists of children, show Xha generation ; the Arabic numbers, running through the Gene- 
alogy, are distinctive, each person having his own, by which he may be identified 
wherever named subsequently ] 

Children of Evan ap Evan, of Wales : 

1. Thomas ap Evan. ^ 

2. Robert ap Evan. ^ 

3. Owen ap Evan. ^ 

4. Cadwalader ap Evan. . ^ 

5. Sarah ap Evan. ^ 

1 1 have consulted freely a MS. Genealogy of the Owen Family, belonging to 
George S. Conarroe, Esq., of Philadelphia. (It is a copy of one originally made by 
Rowland Evans.) Owen ap Evan had three sons, Robert, Owen, and Evan, and two 
daughters, Jane, who m. Hugh Roberts, the Merion settler and preacher, and Ellen, 
who m. Cadwalader Thomas. Their son, John Cadwalader, "schoolmaster," came to 
Merion, from Pembroke, Wales, and m., 1699, Martha Jones, dau. of Dr. Edward 
Jones, of Merion. His son was Dr. Thomas Cadwalader, of Philadelphia, father of 
General John, and Lambert, of the Revolution. [See Genealogy of Owen Family, in 
T. A. Glenn's Merion in the Welsh Tract. — Note, i8g6P[ 

* Several copies of the Evans Family Record (mentioned on p. 58), begun in 1797, 
by Cadwalader Evans, son of Rowland, are extant. They vary in the extent of the 
information they present (having been added to, probably, each by its own copyist), 
but they differ very little, if any, on points of importance. One of these is in the 
possession of Charles J. Wister, Jr., of Germantown ; another, of Jonathan Evans, of 
Germantown; a third, somewhat different, of Mr. Allen Childs, of West Philadelphia; 
a fourth was furnished the writer by Susan Y. Foulke, of Norristown ; and still others 
would no doubt be brought to light by more extended search. Some of the facts given 
in them refer to a later date than 1797, and have evidendy been added subsequently. 


I. (i.) Thomas Evans, eldest of the four brothers, son of Evan 
ap Evan, immigrated from Wales, 1698. His first wife was 
Ann, who d. in Gwynedd, ist mo. 26, 17 16. He m., 2d, 
at Goshen meeting, Chester county, loth mo. 14, 1722, 
Hannah Davies, widow, of Goshen. Hannah was then the 
widow of Ellis David, or Davies, of Goshen, who died ist 
mo. 17, 1720. But before marrying him she was the widow 
of Reese John William, of Merion, who d. i ith mo. 26, 1697. 
(See Jones Genealogy, in this volume.) In 1723, Thomas 
Evans removed from Gwynedd to Goshen, and died loth 
mo. 12, 1738, "aged "ij years," — which would make his 
birth in 1651. His wife survived until 9th mo. 29, 1741, 
when she d., "aged 85 years." All the children of Thom.a.s 
Evans were by his first wife, as follows : 

//. Children of Thomas and Ann : 

6. Robert, d. 1754, m. Jane , and Sarah Evans. ^ 

7. Hugh, d. 1772, m. Catharine Morgan, AHce Lewis, Lowr)' 
Lloyd. ^ 

8. Owen, d. 1757, m. Ruth Miles, Mary Nicholas. P 

9. Evan, d. 1747, m. Elizabeth Musgrave. ^ 

10. Ann. 

11. Lowry, m. Evan Jones, son of John, of Radnor, dec'd, at Gwyn- 
edd m. h., 4th mo. 8, 1711. 

12. Ellin, m. Rowland Hugh, yeoman, of Gwynedd, widower, at 
Gwynedd m. h., 5th mo. 31, 1712. (Rowland's first wife was 
Catharine Humphrey, of Merion, whom he m. 8th mo. 8, 1708). 

13. Sarah, m. Edward Jones, son of John, of Radnor, dec'd, at 
Gwynedd m. h., 6th mo. 25, 171 5. 

I. (2.) Robert Evans, of Gwynedd, brother to Thomas, son of 
Evan ap Evan, immigrant from Wales, 1698. He was a 
preacher among Friends. His wife's name was Ellen. ^ 

1 1 should feel uncertain as to this, but I hare for it the authority of so careful an 
investigator as the late Mrs. William Parker Foulke. 


He died in the first month (March), 1738, " aged about 80 
years," which would have made his birth about 1658, and 
was bd. at Gwynedd. There is a brief memorial of him in 
the John Smith MS. collection of Philadelphia (Orthodox) 
Yearly Meeting, and numerous details concerning him are 
given elsewhere in this volume. 

//. Children of Robert and EHeti : 

14. Hugh, d. 1734, m. Margaret Roberts. ^ 

15. Evan, " father of Edward Evans, late of South st. [Phila.], and 
of Jane Much." (Family Record, 1797-1815.) ^ 

16. Lowry, m. at Gwynedd m. h., 5th mo. 28, 1701, Thomas Siddon, 
son of Anthony Siddon, of Upper Dublin. " She left a daughter, 
Susanna Swett, lately deceased in Phila., and Anthony Siddons, 
lately deceased, was a grandson of said Thomas." (Family 

17. Mary, m. Cadwallader Foulke, Thomas Marriott. (For details of 
her line, see Foulke Genealogy.) 

18. Ann, m. William Roberts, blacksmith, son of Edward, of Merion, 

dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., 6th mo. 25, 1715. "She was the 
- mother of Robert Roberts and Evan Roberts, both dec'd about 
1789 or 1790 in North Wales" [Gwynedd]. 

19. Sarah, m. loth mo. 2, 17 14, at Gwynedd m. h., Richard Kinder- 
dine, " son of Thomas, late of Abington, dec'd." " She was the 
mother of Sarah Morgan, widow of Enoch Morgan, dec'd. Some 
of her children are now [1797] living in or near North Wales." 

20. Jane, m. at Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 6, 1710, Edward Parry. 

I. (3.) Owen Evans, of Gwynedd, third of the brothers, son of 
Evan ap Evan, immigrant from Wales, 1698, d. loth mo. 7, 
1723, in his 64th year, which would make his birth 1659. 
His wife's name was Elizabeth. His will is dated loth 
mo. (December) 4, 1723, and was proved December 20 ; 
he gives his son John a tract of 160 acres, "being on the 
south-west end of my land, with the house and plantation 
thereunto belonging." He makes bequests to his children, 


Cadwallader, Elizabeth, Evan, Robert, Thomas, and Mary, 
and mentions Jane as dec'd. He names two grandsons, 
Owen, the son of Robert, and Owen, the son of Thomas. 
He appoints his wife Elizabeth executrix, and for overseers 
" my two brothers Robert and Cadwalader, my two sons, 
Evan and Robert, and my two cousins [nephews] Evan, son 
of Thomas, and his brother Owen." 

//. Childt'en of Ozvcn and Elizabeth : 

21. Thomas, d. 1760, m. Elizabeth Griffith. i9 

22. John, d. unmarried, 1762. His will was probated Sept. 26. He 
leaves legacies to his sister Elizabeth Richards, his nephews Row- 
land and Samuel Richards, his sister-in-law, Elizabeth Evans, 
and her daughter Mary, his nephews Edward, Thomas, and 
Griffith Evans. He appoints his nephew, John Evans, executor 
and residuary legatee. 

23. Robert, d. September, 1746, m. Ellen Griffith, Ruth Richards. ^ 

24. Cadwallader, d. unmarried. (The Family Record calls him 

' ' Cadwallader O wen " . ) 

25. Evan, d. 1728, aged 44, m. Phoebe Miles. ^ 

26. Mary, m. ist, 3d mo. 3, 1708, Ellis Pugh, jr., of Plymouth, eldest 
son of Ellis Pugh, of Merion ; 2d, 9th mo. 16, 1736, WiUiam 
Roberts. She survived her second husband, and her will was 
made 3d mo. (May) 1748, and proved in August. She mentions 
her grandsons Ellis and Elijah Pugh, her granddaughter ]\Iary 
Pugh, her "only daughter" Sina Walker (Abel Walker, of 
Tredyffi-in, m. Sina Pugh, of Gwynedd, 4th mo. 13, 1727); her 
grandson, Isaac Walker, the daughters of her son, Ellis Roberts, 
her brothers John, Cadwallader and Thomas. 

27. Elizabeth, b. 8th mo. 20, 1700, at Gwynedd, m., 2d mo. 21, 1726, 
Samuel Richards, son of Rowland, of Tredyffrin. 

28. Samuel, m. 4th mo. 20, 1724, Hannah Walker, dau. of Lewis, of 


29. Jane, d. before 1723. (As appears by her father's will). 

I. (4.) Cadwalader Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Evan ap Evan, 
youngest of the four brothers, immigrant 1698, b. in Merion- 


ethshire, Wales, in 1664, d. at Gvvynedd, 3d mo. 30, 1745. 
He m. in Wales, Ellen, dau. of John Morris, of Bryn 
Gwyn (White Hill), Denbighshire. He was a preacher, after 
joining the Friends. A memorial concerning him, by 
Gwynedd monthly meeting, has already been cited (p. 85). 

//. CJdldren'^ of Cadwallader and Ellen: 

30. John, b. 1689, d. 1756, m. Ellen Ellis. ^ 

31. Sarah, m. at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 11, 171 1, Jolui Ha7ike, of 
Whitemarsh, yeoman ; and had issue several children : John, b. 
1712 ; William, b. 1720; Samuel, b. 1723; Joseph, b. 1725; 
Jane, b. 17 14, m. John Roberts (see Roberts Genealogy) ; Eliza- 
beth, b. 1716 ; Sarah, b. 1728. John Ha7ike made his will Dec. 
12, 1730, and it was proved in May, 1731 ; he leaves his wife, 
Sarah, executrix, and mentions his " seven children," all named 
above ; also his cousin John Hank, to whom he leaves 8 pounds. 
He appoints his brother [in-law] John Evans, and his friends, 
Thomas Evans, son of Owen, of Gwynedd, and Jonathan Robe- 
son, trustees. His will indicates that he had real estate in White- 

I. (5.) Sarah Evans, sister of the four brothers, dau. of Evan 
ap Evan, m. Robert Pugh (the marriage, doubtless, in 
Wales). She appears to have come over with her brothers. 

//. CJiiIdre7i of Robert and Sarah (surname Pngh): 

32. Sarah, m. Samuel Bell. "They left one daughter, Hannah, who 
m. Evan Rees, of Providence township, near Perkiomen ; and 
had several children, one of whom, Samuel, m. a daughter of 
Colonel Jacob Stroud, of Northampton county ; he [Samuel] 
lived lately in Providence, and was a few years ago a member of 

1 Two children, a son and daughter, died on the voyage from Liverpool to Phila- 
delphia, in 1698. 

2 This John Hanke, or Hank, I think may have been of the same family as the 
mother of Abraham Lincoln. See some data relating to this, post. 


Assembly for Montgomery county', he now lives beyond the 
Blue Mountains, in Northampton county, where his father-in-law, 
Stroud, lived. His brothers, Evan and Daniel, and sister, Sarah, 
still live in Providence, and are of the Baptist church. "(I^oc. 


33. Evan. " He went to Virginia to live. One of his sons became a 

Baptist minister, and one a justice of the peace, in good circum- 
stances." (Doc. 1 797-) 

34. Ellen. "She m. first, John Rogers, and was the mother of Sid- 
ney Pickering, a Pubhc Friend." (Doc. 1797.) Gwynedd 
records show marriage of "John Roger, son of Roger Roberts, of 
Merion," and Ellen Pugh, dau. of Robert, of Gwynedd, at 
Gwynedd m. h., 4th mo. 21, 17 17. The will of Roger Roberts, 
1720, mentions his son John Rogers (above) as then living. 

35. Mary, m. Rowland Roberts. "They had a son Eldad, who was 
the father of John Roberts, Esq., now a justice of the peace, in 
Montgomery township." (Doc. 1797.) (See Roberts Genealogy.) 

II. (6.) Robert Evans, " of Merion," son of Thomas, b. in 
Wales, lived for some time in Gwynedd, moved to Merion, 
and d. there late in 1753 or early in 1754, " aged about 80." 
In June, 1705, his father conveyed him 298 acres in Gwyn- 
edd (part of his tract, and apparently the part adjoining 
Montgomery), which subsequently he sold to his brother 
Hugh. In these and other conveyances he is called " eldest 
son and heir," and " son and heir apparent " of Thomas, and 
in the later deed (conveying to Hugh) the recital, after stat- 
ing his purchase from his father in 1705, says he "built a 
messuage and other edifices, and made a plantation and 
other improvements " on the tract. In 1705 he is recorded 
as "of Gwynedd," In 1709, however, in a con- 
veyance from his father, he is described as " of Merion," so 
that apparently he moved there between 1705 and 1709. 

1 He was a member in 1805. (This illustrates the information later than 1797 con- 
tained in this document.) 


He appears to have been twice married : first, to Jane 

; and, second, to Sarah Evans, of Merion, 4th mo. 

4, 1705. (Haverford Records). His will, dated May i, 
1753, was proved Jan. 22, 1754; he mentions his daughter 
Catharine Evans, his daughters Anne Tillbury and Jane 
Roberts, his son Cadwalader, his grandsons Robert Evans 
and Amos Roberts, and his granddaughters Sarah and 
Catharine Evans, daughters of Thomas. He appoints his 
oldest son, Thomas Evans, executor, and leaves him the 
farm he now lives on, in Merion, 3 1 5 acres. He appoints his 
brother Hugh and his friend Robert Roberts, " both of 
Merion," and his brother Owen, of Gwynedd, overseers. 

///. CJiildreii of Robert and {ist luife) Jane : 

36. Elizabeth, b. 9th mo. 3, 1703. (Gwynedd Records.) 

C]iUdrc7i of Robert and {pd wife') Sarah : 

37. Jane, b. ist mo. 20, 1706, m. 8th mo. 31, 1723, Robert Roberts, 
son of Edward, of Gwynedd ; and had issue a son, Amos, whose 
son, George, occupying the old Robert Evans place, d. about 

38. Thomas, b. 1707, m. Katherine Jones. ^ 

39. Cadwalader, b. 4th mo. 7, 1709, d. about 1770, m. Ann, dau. of 
Joseph and Alice Pennell. 

40. Catharine, b. nth mo. 28, 17 10, d. unm., in Philadelphia. Her 
will is dated in 1749, and was probated Feb. 2, 1758. She 
appears to have been housekeeper for her father, who lived in 
Philadelphia at the time of his death. Her will makes bequests 
to her sister Anne Tillbury, her nephew Robert Evans, son of 
Cadwallader ; her niece Catharine, dau. of Thomas ; and resi- 
due to her brothers Thomas and Cadwalader. She appoints 
Owen Jones executor, and Anthony Benezet and Isaac Zane 

41. Hugh, b. 3d mo. 6, 1715. 

42. Ann, b. ist mo. 23, 1717, m. Thomas Tillbury, of Philadelphia, 


II. (7). Hugh Evans, of Merion, son of Thomas, b. in Wales, 
lived for many years in Gvvynedd, d. in Philadelphia, 4th mo. 
6, 1772, aged 90 yrs. 2 mos. In 17 16 he is recorded as 
" of Gwynedd, yeoman," and his removal to Merion must 
have been later. A minute of Gwynedd monthly meeting, 
loth mo. 27, 1715, says: "Our friend Hugh Evans, who 
Lately took a Trading Voyage to Great Britain, being re- 
turned, brought a Certificate from Haverford-West, which 
was read and gave a good acc't of his life and Conversation 
whiles in them parts." It was Hugh who related the inci- 
dent of seeing William Penn on his knees at prayer, as men- 
tioned elsewhere. He was a member of the Provincial 
Assembly, in 1722, and from 1746 to 1754 continuously. 
His will, dated loth mo. 18, 1771, describes him as " of the 
city of Philadelphia," and "far advanced in years." He 
mentions his daughters Ann Howell and Susanna Jones, his 
grandson Hugh Howell, and granddaughter Abigail Howell, 
and appoints Samuel Howell and Ann executors. (June 
25, 1772, his two sons-in-law took out letters of administra- 
tion, also). He m., ist, 8th mo. 4, 1706, Catherine Mor- 
gan (d. 6th mo. II, 1708), dau. of Cadwallader, of Merion ; 
2d, 6th mo. 25, 1 7 10, at Merion, Alice Lewis, dau. of 
James, of Pembrokeshire, Wales ; and, 3d, 12th mo. 13, 
1 7 16, LowRY Lloyd, of Merion, widow of Robert Lloyd, 
and dau. of Reese John William. Of his children by his 
first wife, if any, we have no account. 

///. Children of Hugh and Alice : 

43. James, b. 6th mo. 29, 171 1. 

Children of Hugh and Lozcry : 

44. Ann, b. ist mo. 23, 1718, m. ist mo. 8, 1744-5, Samuel Howell, 
son of Jacob, of the Boro' of Chester, and had issue : Hugh, 
Samuel (or Jacob ?), Ann, m. Aaron Ashbridge ; Deborah, m. 
Daniel Mifflin. 


45. Susanna, b. nth mo. 25, 1719-20, d. May 4, 1801, m. May 30, 
1740, Owen Jones, Sen. (b. Nov. 13, 171 1, d. Oct. 9, 1793), son 
of Jonathan ^ and Gainor (born Owen), of Merion. The children 
of Susanna and Owen were as follows, surname Jones : 

1. Jane, b. 1741, rn. Caleb Foulke. (See Foulke Genealogy.) 

2. Lowry, b. nth mo. 30, 1742, m. May 5, 1760, Daniel Wister,^ merchant, of 

Philadelphia, (b. Feb. 4, 1738-9, d. Oct. 27, 1805), son of John and Anna 
Catharina ; and had issue nine children, including Sally,^ Elizabeth 
("Betsy"); John, m. Elizabeth Harvey; Susan, m. John Morgan 
Price ; Charles J., m. Rebecca Bullock. 

3. Owen,* b. ist mo. 15, 1745, m. ist, Mary Wharton, and had issue six chil- 

dren, all d. in infancy ; 2d, Hannah Smith, widow, who had by her 
former marriage four children. 

4. Susanna,^ b. Sept. 4, 1747, d. Feb. 5, 1828, at Burlington, N. J., m. Sept. 

2, 1779, ]ohn Nancarro ; and had issue John, jr., who m. Miss Quarles, 
of Baltimore. 

5. Hannah, b, 1749, ™- Amos Foulke. (See Foulke Genealogy.) 

6. Rebecca, m. John Jones, of Lower Merion ; no issue. (J. J. had chil- 

dren by a former wife.) 

7. Sarah, m. Samuel Rutter, and had issue : Thomas, Martha, m. Howell 

Hopkins ; and Rebecca. 

8. Martha, d. unm. 

9. Ann, d. unm. 

10. Jonathan, m., ist, Mary Potts, of Plymouth, who died about a year after 
her marriage ; 2d, Mary McClenaghan, widow (dau. of William Thomas, 
of Lower Merion), and had issue: Owen Jones, who was member of 

1 Jonathan Jones was born in Wales, in 1680, the son of Edward Jones, " chirur- 
geon," and Mary Wynne, dau. of Dr. Thomas Wynne, one of the first settlers in 
Merion. Edward d. 1737, aged about 92 ; Jonathan lived to be over 90. — See Dr. Levick's 
paper on old Merion families, Penna. Mag., Vol. IV. His son, Owen Jones (Senior), 
was a distinguished citizen. Provincial Treasurer from 1769 to 1776 ; his name was 
placed with those of Samuel Miles and William Wister, on much of the Provincial 
paper money. He died of yellow fever in Philadelphia in the terrible visitation of 
1793. " General Washington pronounced him the handsomest and most venerable 
gentleman he had ever seen." — See portrait and sketch in C. J. Wister, Jr.'s, Memoir 
of Charles J. Wister. 

' See details Daniel Wister and his progenitors, Penna. Mag., Vol. V., p. 385. 

' It is her Revolutionary Diary, kept at Gwynedd, that is given elsewhere in this 

* In September, 1777, he was one of the Friends arbitrarily arrested in Philadel- 
phia, and sent to Winchester, Va. — See Gilpin's Exiles. 

5 She is repeatedly quoted by Watson in his Annals. 


Congress 1857-59, and Col. of the ist I'enna. Cavalry, 1861-63. Owen's 
son, J. Aubrey Jones, Esq., now occupies the old Jones homestead, 
Wynnewood, Lower Merlon.) — [Note, 1896 ; he is since deceased.] 

46. Abigail, prob. d. unm. (In 1745, she signs the certificate of the 
marriage of her sister Ann.) As she is not named in her father's 
will, she was prob. d. before 1771. 

II. (8). Owen Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Thomas, b. in Wales, 
d. at Gwynedd, 3d mo. r, 1757, "aged 70," which would 
fix his birth in 1687.^ A brief memorial of him in John 
Smith's manuscript collection says : " His education was 
amongst Friends. He was of an honest and sincere disposi- 
tion, a lover of truth . . . zealous, active, and serviceable in 
our meetings of discipline. He was an elder about 14 
years." In a deed to his son Samuel he describes himself 
as "storekeeper." His will, dated 2d mo. 18, 1754, was 
proved May 2, 1757. He leaves his son Samuel a lot of 
land, "adjoining a tract that I have already conveyed to 
him, containing 82 acres." To his "eldest son" Amos, he 
leaves a small legacy, " having provided well for him before." 
He mentions his daughter Margaret (a minor), and his 
granddaughters the children of Amos. He appoints his 
wife Mary executrix, with his " loving cousins " Thomas Evans, 
jun., Rowland Evans, and Evan Jones, overseers. Owen 
. was for many years a justice of the peace, by appointment of 
the Governor : his first commission appears to be that of 
August 25, 1726, and he probably served (by numerous 
re-appointments) to 1752, though it is not easy to distinguish 
him (in the record in the Penna. Ardiivcs) from Owen 
Evans, of Limerick, who was contemporary and also a J. P. 
Owen was also a member of the Provincial Assembly, from 

1 " He died," says one of the Evans MS. genealogies, " where Caleb Foulke, sen., 
now lives " (1797), — i.e. the old Meredith house; now (1884) the estate of Jonathan 


1739 to 1750 inclusive. He m., ist, at Radnor m. h., nth 
mo. 3, 17 1 5-16, Ruth Miles, dau. of Samuel and Margaret 
of Radnor; and, 2d, at Philadelphia m., 2d mo. 29, 1736, 
Mary Nicholas, dau. of Samuel, yeoman, deceased. Mary 
survived him ; she d. 5th mo. 20, 1769, and was bu. at 
Gwynedd. She was a preacher, and the memorial of Gwyn- 
edd m. m. concerning her is in the Collection of 1787. 
" She was born in Philadelphia, in or about the year 1695, 
her father dying when she was young." After her hus- 
band's death, " she lived some years with her daughter, who 
was married and settled in Philadelphia, but returned back 

again within the compass of this meeting Her last 

illness was lingering." 

///. Children of Owen and RutJi : 

47. Ann, b. 4th mo. 9, 171 7, d. (before 1754). 

48. Owen, b. 5th mo. 18, 17 19, d. (before 1754). 

49. Amos, born 4th mo. 25, 1721, m. Elizabeth Lewis. ^ 

50. Samuel, b. 3d mo. 29, 1729; "he kept school at North Wales 
some time ago," the Family Record of 1797 says. He owned, 
for some time, the place (now Cardell's) where his grandfather, 
Thomas, had lived. 

Children of Oiven and Mary : 

51. Margaret, (a minor in 1754), m. Aquilla Jones, son of Griffith, of 

Phila., dec'd, at Gwynedd m. h., loth mo. 25, 1759. " She left 
one daughter [Mary, b. loth mo. 29, 1760], who married Marma- 
duke Cooper, of New Jersey, and she left one dau., now the wife 
of [Israel] Cope, in Arch St. near 8th." (Evans Rec, 1797.) 
Margaret and Aquilla Jones also had a son, Aquilla, b. 3d mo. 
9. 1763- 

n. (9.) l^VAN Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Thomas, b. in Wales, 
1684, d. 5th mo. 26, 1747, m. at Haverford m. h., 7th mo. 
13, 17 13, Elizabeth Musgrave, dau. of Thomas, dec'd, 
yeoman, of Halifax, England. He was a preacher among 


the Friends, and a memorial of him by Gwynedd monthly 
meeting, in the collection of 1787, has already been cited 
(p. 89). He lived by the present mill on the Wissahickon, 
now (1884) belonging to Henry Mumbower, His will, 
dated 5th mo. 3, 1747, was proved Aug. 3 of that year. 
He leaves bequests to his sons Abraham, Jonathan, Mus- 
grave, David, and Daniel, and his dau. Barbara. He men- 
tions his wife's uncle, Jonathan Cockshaw. He appoints his 
wife Elizabeth and son Jonathan his executors, with author- 
ity to sell the farm he lives on, about 200 acres. He 
appoints his brother, Owen Evans, his consin, Thomas 
Evans, jr. (son of Owen), and William Foulke, trustees for 
his children, 

///. Children of Evan and Elizabeth : 

52. Jonathan, d. 1765, m. 1740, Hannah Walton. ^ 

53. Abraham, m. 1747, Lydia Thomas. ^ 

54. Daniel, m. 1763, Eleanor Rittenhouse, (sister of David). ^ 

55. Barbara, m. Isaiah Bell. 

56. Musgrave, d. 1769, m. 1753, Lydia Harry. ^ 

57. David, d. 1817, aged 84, m. 1755, Letitia Thomas. '^ 

(Three other children are mentioned in the Gwynedd Records : Han- 
nah, d. 1720 ; William, d. 1745 ; Hannah, d. 1745). 

II. (14). Hugh Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Robert, d. 1734, m. 
8th mo. 23, 1 7 19, Margaret Roberts, dau. of Edward. He 
received, 17 19, from his father, a deed for 275 acres of land, 
in the north-eastern part of Robert's original great tract — 
the part next the meeting-house. He lived probably at his 
father's house, now (1884) belonging to Silas White, and in 
his will (dated May 2, 1734, probated Oct. i, same year) 
makes provision for his parents living there. He leaves to 
his son Robert, the west side of his farm, "with the build- 
ings and improvements ; extending eastward to a fence about 


20 perches westward of the Great Road," and to his son 
Jesse the remainder of the farm, eastward of this fence. He 
names his sons Hugh, jr., and Edward, and daughters Anne, 
Sarah, and Mary. He appoints his wife executrix, and names 
as trustees for his minor children, his brother-in-law, Robert 
Roberts, his cousins, Evan Evans, Owen Evans, John Evans, 
and Thomas Evans ; and John Jones. Margaret, his widow, 
m. 1747, Robert Jones, of Merion. 

///. Children of Hugh arid Margaret : 

58. Robert, b. 5th mo. 26, 1720. (Was living 1748.) 

59. Ann, b. 5th mo. 26, 1720 (twin with Robert). She m. Benjamin 
Davids, "the father of Hugh Davids, late dec'd, of Rahway, 
N. J., also of Hannah Jenks, Tacy Ogden, and others." — Eiians 
Record, i^gj. 

60. Edward, b. 3d mo. 5, 1723. (Was living 1748.) 

61. Jesse, m. Catharine Jones. ^ 

62. Hugh. (Was living, a minor, 1748.) 

63. Sarah, d. 5th mo. 31, 1745. 

64. Mary, d. 5th mo. 31, 1745. 

II. (15). EvAN Evans, son of Robert, the immigrant. He m. 
and had ten children, of whom the fullest account I have 
found is in the copy of the Evans Genealogy in the posses- 
sion of Mr. Allen Childs. It (with some aid from Mr. 
Charles J. Wister's copy), refers to five of them as follows : 

///. Children of Evan and .• 

65. Jane, m. Much. 

66. Robert. 

(y"] . Edward, "late of South street" (1797), who had six chil.'ren as 
follows : 

1. Francis, d. infancy. 

2. Mary, d. infancy. 

3. Samuel, of N. Y., Captain U. S. N. 

4. George, of N. C, Captain U. S. N. 

5. John, Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., midshipman U. S. N. 

6. 'I'homas, a sailor on brig Rattlesnake, Captain Moffatt. 


68. Thomas. 

69. Katherine, m. Jones, son of G. Jones, and they had a son 

Samuel, who m. Rebecca Morgan ; whose dau. Sarah m. John 
Childs, of North CaroHna. A son of this last couple, also named 
John Childs, m. Mary Treby, dau. of Rev. Thomas and Margaret 
Allen ; and had issue nine children, of whom the second is Allen 
Childs, b. in North Carolina, 1844, now (1884) of Philadelphia. 
He m. 1878, Katherine, dau. of Col. John D. Kurtz, U. S. Engi- 
neer Corps, and has issue. 

II. (21). Thomas Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Owen and Eliza- 
beth, d. 5th mo. 22, 1760, m. at Radnor m. h., 4th mo. 30, 
1720, Elizabeth Griffith, dau. of Edward, of Merion, 
dec'd. In his will, dated March 13, 1760, and proved May 
26, same year, he describes himself ' as " innkeeper." He 
leaves his eldest son Owen 10 pounds, "he having received 
his portion heretofore," provides for his wife, Elizabeth, 
and makes bequests of 20 to 50 pounds each to his daugh- 
ter Mary, and sons Edward, Griffith, and John. He men- 
tions his grandson William, son of his eldest son Owen, 
appoints his son Thomas executor, and says : " I direct him 
to sell all my land the east side the Philadelphia road, situate 
between y^ lands of Rowland Evans, on the one side, and 
Peter Lukens, Cadwallader Jones, and Ballas Wick on the 
other." He also names his cousins John Jones, Rowland 
Evans, and Samuel Evans, overseers. 

///. Children of Thomas and Elisabeth : 
691^. Jane, b. nth mo. 15, 1723. 

70. Owen, "the father of Isaiah Evans, who d. in 1808, in Phila- 
delphia ; of Jane, who m. Alexander Scott, of Elizabeth, who d. 
unm.," (making her home, at her decease, " at the house of John 
Evans, sen., at North Wales,") and of William, named in his 
grandfather's will. 

' The Evans document of 1797 says he " was a farmer and kept a tavern in the 
same place " where his father, Owen, had lived, — i.e. either the Ellen H. Evans place, 
or that of Samuel Beaver, east of the turnpike. 


71. Griffith, b. 5th mo. 29, 1735. 

72. John, b. loth mo. i, 1737. 

73. Thomas, b. istmo. 24, 1733, m. Elizabeth Roberts. ^ 

74. Edward, b. 9th mo. 4, 1730. 

75. Mary, b. 1728, d. unm. 

(The Gwynedd records shows the deaths of children of Thomas and Elizabeth, as 
follows : Edward, 1728 ; Elizabeth, 5th mo. 5, 1745.) 

II. (23.) Robert Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Owen, d. Septem- 
ber, 1746, m. 1st, at Radnor mtg., 3d mo. 30, 17 17, Ellen 
Griefith, dau. of Edward, of Upper Merion ; 2d, at Gwyn- 
edd m. h., 3d mo. 2, 1729, Ruth Richard, dau. of Rowland, 
late of Tredyffrin, Chester county. Robert's will was dated 
7th mo. (September) 8, 1746, and probated October i, indi- 
cating very closely the time of his death. He leaves to his 
two sons, Evan and Robert, " the messuage and tract of land 
situate the west side [of] and divided from my other land by 
the road leading from North Wales meeting-house to Ply- 
mouth meeting-house," containing about ten acres, his wife, 
Ruth, to have a right to live on it, however, till his said sons 
were of age. He makes bequests to his " eldest son " Owen, 
to his son Peter, and to his daughter Catharine, wife of Peter 
Jones, and names as his " minor children " Evan, Robert 
(both named above), Ellin, Sarah, Elizabeth, Ruth, and one 
yet unborn, but expected. He appoints his wife Ruth ex- 
ecutrix, with power to sell the farm he lives on, about 1 50 
acres. He appoints his brothers John and Thomas P^vans, 
his brother-in-law Samuel Richards, and his uncle, Joseph 
Jones, and his cousin John Evans, overseers and trustees. 
He describes himself in his will as "of Gwynedd, yeoman." 

///. Childrefi of Robert and Ellen : 

76. Catharine, b. ist mo. 9, 1718, m. 3d mo. 15, 1740, at Gwynedd 
m. h., Peter Jones, son of Peter, of Merion. 

"J"]. Owen, b. ist mo 9, 1719-20. (Living in 1746.) 


78. Peter, b. 1722, m, Mary Thomas. 19 

79. James, b. ist mo 14, 1724 : d. prob. before 1746. 

[The above children were hving when their mother d. ; in 1727, their father, in a 
deed as administrator of her estate, names them as her heirs. James, not being named 
in his father's will, 1746, was probably then d.] 

Children of Robert and Ruth : 

80. Evan. 

81. Robert, "a house-carpenter, living in 5th St., Philadelphia, d. 

prior to 1820. He had a son John, who lived in 6th St. above 
Race, and had two sons, Robert and William." (Family 
Record.) ' 

82. ElUn, m. Jeremiah McVeagh, "and has left several daughters in 
Pikeland, and one son." 

83. Sarah, d. 8th mo, 6, 1759, 2inm. 

84. Elizabeth. 

85. Ruth, m. • Scotten. " She is the mother of Priscilla and 

Scotten, now bonnet-makers in Strawberry alley." (Earn. Rec, 

86. (Posthumous). This was probably Jane, b. ist mo. 22, 1747. d. 
3d mo. 23, 1832, m. Atkinson Hughs, father of Atkinson 
Hughes, of Horsham. 

[1 In a letter to the Author, 4th mo. 4, 1896, Arthur Peterson, of Philadelphia, 
says: "This Robert Evans, I have very little doubt, is my great-great-grandfather, 
who, I have always understood, originally came from Gwynedd. He bought two 
houses from Caleb Cresson, on the west side of 5th street above Arch, one in 1768, and 
one in 1772, and lived in one of them until his death. He had one son, John Evans, 
who m., June 5, 1792, Rachel Ridgway. Among the children of John and Rachel 
Evans was Jane, who m., Jan. 9, 1812, George Peterson, a Quaker of Swedish descent. 
Their children were : 

" I. Dr. Robert Evans Peterson (,d.), publisher, father of Mrs. George W. Childs. 

" 2. Rachel Evans Peterson (d.), m Edmund Deacon. 

" 3. Henry Peterson (d.), author and publisher. 

"4. Richard Peterson (d.), iron manufacturer. 

" 5. Anna Peterson, m. Amos R. Little. 

" 6. Pearson Peterson (d.), banker. 

" 7. Helen Longstreth Peterson, m. Charles Deacon. 

" 8. Philena Marshall Peterson, m. William E. Newhall. 

" The two houses on sth street Robert Evans bequeathed to his grand-daughters, 
Jane Peterson and Rachel Love, daughters of John Evans." — Note, iSgdl 


II. (25.) Evan Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Owen, d. 8th mo. 7, 
1728, "aged 44," which would make his birth in 1684. 
He m., 2d mo. 13, 171 5, Phcebe Miles, (b. 4th mo. 20, 
1690), son of Samuel (dec'd), and Margaret of Radnor. 
His will is dated 8th mo. 4, 1728, and was proved Oct. 22, 
same year. He gives to his two sons Samuel and Nathan 
"the plantation and tract of land" he lives on, his wife 
Phcebe to have " her lawful thirds." He names also his 
sons Joseph and Miles, and dau. Elizabeth. He appoints as 
trustees his three brothers, John, Robert, and Thomas, his 
two brothers-in-law, Thomas Thomas, and Owen Evans, ^ 
and his cousin John Evans. Phcebe, with her children, re- 
moved after her husband's death within the limits of Haver- 
ford monthly meeting, as is shown by their certificate from 
Gwynedd, presented at Haverford, 2d mo. 29, 1729. 

///. Children of Evan and Phcebe : 

87. Elizabeth, b. nth mo. 26, 1715, m. Meredith. " She had 

one daughter, Phebe, who m. Isaac Williams, of Whitemarsh, 
and is now dec'd. She [Phebe Wilhams] now dec'd, left two 
daughters, one of whom m. a son of Isaac Potts." — Doc't of 

88. Samuel, b. 6th mo. 17, 1718, d. 8th mo. 14, 1728. 

89. Nathan, b. 1720, d. 1758, or '59, m. Ruth Morgan. ^ 

90. Joseph, b. 9th mo. 18, 1723, "the father of William Ashby's 
wife. ' ' 

91. Miles (named in his father's will). 

1 This was Owen Evans (8), the |. P , son of Thomas ; he m. Ruth Miles, sister to 
Phcebe, here mentioned. 

* It seems best again to caution the reader that this Record of 1797 was added to 
somewhat later, as appears by the memorandum made upon it by Charles Evans, (and 
referred to in this volume at p. 58), and that when it mentions things as " now ' 
existing, or as having occurred, it cannot be strictly depended upon to mean the year 
1797, but may mean a date later, — say as late as 1815. 


II. (30.) John Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Cadwalader, b. in 
Denbighshire, Wales, 1689, d. at Gwynedd, 9th mo. 23, 
1756, m. Eleanor Ellis, dau. of Rowland,^ of Marion, at 
Merion m. h., 4th mo. 8, 171 5. Eleanor, b. near Dol- 
gellau, Merionethshire, Wales, 1685, d. 4th mo. 29, 1765. 
John was a preacher of eminence among the Friends : 
details concerning him in that capacity have been elsewhere 
given in this volume (p. 85.) His will, dated 9th mo. 16, 
1756, was proved June 22, 1757. He leaves to his dau. 
Jane Hubbs the life right, with remainder to her children, of 
a lot of 21^ acres, "part of the tract of 100 acres which I 
hold, to be laid out for her the west side of Montgomery 
road, adjoining George Maris' s field." He gives his 
daughters, Margaret, Ellen, and Elizabeth, 50 acres, " to be 
divided off the upper end, next Owen Evans's land." He 
mentions his sons Rowland and John, and appoints them 
and his son Cadwalader executors. 

///. Children of John and Eleanor : 

92. Cadwalader, b. 17 16, d. 1773, m. Jane Owen, 'p 

93. Rowland, b. 171 7-18, d. 1789, m. Susanna Foulke. ^ 

94. Margaret, b. 5th mo. 26, 17 19, m. Anthony Williams ; but left 
no issue. 

95. Jane,' b. ist mo. 30, 1721, m. John Hubbs. " She left two sons, 

1 Rowland Ellis traced his descent through a long line, including the Nannau 
family, of Wales. — See T. A. Glenn's Merion in the Welsh. Tract. 

2 A letter from Eleanor Evans, of Gwynedd, to Mary Pemberton, of Philadelphia, 
dated 20th of 7th mo., 1762, preserved among the Pemberton papers, says : " I should 
take it kind [if] any of my good friends, of Philadelphia, particularly thyself, would call 
to see my Daughter, Jenny Hubbs. I know thou, dear friend, Loves y^ afflicted, such 
an one indeed is she. [She] lives now at Kinsington. It's but a short step from y* 
great road to her house, when thou art goeing up to thy countrey seat at Germantown. 
She had her certificate read and signed here. I suppose she will produce It at your 
next monthly meeting." 


John and Charles, and three ^ daughters, Rachel, Ellen, and 
Mary. Ellen m., 1781, Amos Lewis, of Upper Dublin [son of 
Ellis Lewis, 2d, and his first wife Mary], and Rachel also m., 
1785, Amos Lewis. — (See Lewis Genealogy). 

96. Ellen, b. nth mo. 21, 1722, m., at Gwynedd m. h., 12th mo. 
18, 1764, Ellis Lewis, 2d [widower], of Upper Dublin. Ellis d. 
1783 ; Ellen survived him. — (See Lewis Genealogy.) 

97. John, b. 1724, d. 1727. 

98. Elizabeth, b. 6th mo. 26, 1726, d. 3d mo. 6, 1805, unmarried. 
She is mentioned as living with her bro. John, and giving the 
information embodied by her nephew in the Evans Record. Her 
will, dated 5th mo. 13, 1804, was proved March, 1805. She 
mentions her niece, Margaret Hubbs, to whom she leaves her 
" chest of drawers " and wearing apparel. She devises to Jesse 
Foulke and William Foulke, of Gwynedd, and John Jones, of 
Montgomery, in trust, a lot of land, in Gwynedd, purchased of 
Jesse Evans, for the use of Gwynedd Preparative Meeting. To 
her brother John Evans she leaves the residue of her estate, real 
and personal, appointing him executor. 

99. John, b. 1730, d. 1807, m. Margaret Foulke. ^ 

III. (38.) Thomas Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Robert, "of 
Marion," and Sarah, b. 4th mo. 22, 1707, m. ist, 1730, 
Katherine Jones (who d. nth mo. 21, 1732), dau. of 
Robert, of Merion ; 2d, Hannah Morris (who d. 6th mo. 
22, 1760); 3d, loth mo. 9, 1764, Mary Brooke, of Lim- 
erick (who d. 7th mo 14, 1805, aged 84). Thomas appears 
to have received from his father the latter's land in Gwyn- 
edd, 230 acres, lying along the Swedes' Ford road (now the 
property, chiefly, of Jacob B. Rhoads), it being that which 
Thomas, the original purchaser, had sold to Robert, when 
he was dividing up his great tract. Thomas d. in 1784; 

1 See Elizabeth Evans' mention of her niece Margaret Hubbs. This appears at 
first sight to indicate a fourth daughter of Jane, but probably she was Elizabeth's 


his will is dated ist mo. 6, and was proved May 3, in that 
year. He leaves his wife Mary ^^2 50 in "good money," 
exclusive of an annuity of ;^I2 derived from lands in Lim- 
erick township ; and numerous other bequests and privileges 
of residence, etc. To his son Hugh, " my messuage and 
plantation in Gwynedd, where I now dwell, about 230 
acres." He leaves legacy to his daughter Sarah, widow of 
George Geary ; mentions her three children ; also the two 
sons of his daughter Catherine Foulke, Thomas and 
Samuel (they both minors); his daughter Mary, his 
daughter Susanna, and her children. He makes his son 
Hugh and his daughters Susanna, Ann, Mary, and Hannah 
residuary legatees. Mary Evans, his widow, survived him 
over twenty years; her will, dated May 25, 1802, was 
proved in August, 1 805, at Norristown. In it she describes 
herself as "of Gwynedd, widow," and "advanced in years." 
She leaves numerous bequests : to the children of her sister 
Ann Hilles, ;^20 each ; to the children of her sister Mar- 
garet i;20 each ; her " ten plate stove for the use and bene- 
fit of the school under the direction of Friends' Preparative 
Meeting of Gwynedd " ; to Hannah Spencer £\0\ to niece 
Phebe Wood, £\o\ to Sarah Geary, £\o\ to Samuel 
Evans, £\o\ to Sarah Evans, reHct of Hugh Evans, £\o\ 
to her [Sarah's] son, Hugh Evans, £^ and " my Franklin 
stove in the front parlor"; to Thomas Evans, ^"8 ; to 
Thomas Foulke, son of Joshua, £^ ; to Abraham Upde- 
grave, ;^io; to John Barlow, of Limerick township, "one 
moiety of all the annuities that may be due and unpaid, aris- 
ing from the premises on which he resides." She appomts 
Levi Foulke and Joseph Shoemaker executors. 


IV. Childrc7i of Thomas and Katherine : 

loo. Sarah, b. 6th mo. 8, I73i,d. 9th mo. 25, 1808, m. George Geary, 

who d. before 1784, and had issue 3 children, 
loi. Katherine, b. nth mo. 14, 1732, m. 12th mo. 20, 1763, Joshua 

Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Edward, and had issue. (SeeFoulke 


Children of Thomas and Hannah : 

102. Susanna, b. ist mo. 3, 1737, m. and had issue, and was living in 
1784 (as appears by her father's will). 

103. Ann, b. 7th mo. 21, 1740, m. Levi Foulke. (See Foulke Gen' gy). 

104. Mary, b, loth mo. 31, I74i,m. 6th mo. 10, 1784, "Richard Hum- 
phreys, the elder, son of John and Mary, late of Oxford twp., 
dec'd," and, subsequently (according to the Record of 1797), 
William Wilson. 

105. Hannah, b. 5th mo. 26, 1745, d. 6th mo. 22, 1832, m. nth mo. 
22, 1774, Jarret Spencer, son of Jacob, of Moreland. 

106. Hugh, b. 8th mo. 9, 1747. He m. Sarah , and d. in 1792. 

His estate was settled by his widow, and George Maris and Levi 
Foulke, adm'rs. The farm which he had inherited from his father 
was divided between Joseph Evans and Thomas Evans, by a sur- 
vey made in October, 1812, by Cadwallader Foulke. They were 
sons oi Hughzxidi Sarah: Joseph, b. 12th mo. n, 1785 ; Thomas, 
b. 8th mo. 8, 1787. 

III. (49). Amos Evans, of Merion, son of Owen and Ruth, of 
Gwynedd, b. 4th mo. 25, I72i,m. Elizabeth Lewis. They 
removed within the Hmits of Haverford m. m., presenting a 
certificate from Gwynedd m. m., dated 9th mo., 1742. 

IV. Children of Amos and Elizabeth : 

102a. Owen, b. 4th mo. 18, 1746. 

103a. Ruth, b. loth mo. 28, 1749. 

104a. Ann, b. 2d mo. 2, 1752, m. Dr. John Davis. 

105^!. Lydia, b. loth mo. 23, 1754. 

106a. Rebekah, b. 6th mo. 4, 1757. 

107. Hannah. 


io8. Rose, d. before 1794, m. Charles Willing,' son of Thomas, and 
had issue : Elizabeth, m. Marshall }}. Spring, of JJoston, Mass. ; 
Thomas, d. 1834; Richard, d. 1833. 

III. (52.) Jonathan Evans, of Philadelphia, son of Evan and 
Elizabeth, of Gwynedd, m., 4th mo. 19, 1740, Hannah Wal- 
ton, dau. of Michael, of Philadelphia, Jonathan d. 2d mo. 
3, 1795, aged 81. Hannah d. 4th mo. 23, 1800, aged 85. 

IV. Children of Jonathan and Hannah : 

109. EUzabeth, b. 1741, d. 1746. 
no. Samuel, b. 1742, d. 1744. 

111. Joel b. 1 2th mo. 24, 1743, d. in Jamaica, date not known. He is 
probably the Joel, "merchant," of Philadelphia, mentioned Vol. 
II., Sabine's Loyalists.^ 

112. Mary, b. loth mo. 7, 1746, d. 6th mo. 14, 1794, m. Adam Hubley. 

113. William, b. 3d mo. 4, 1749. He went with the Loyalists, in the 
Revolution, and his property was confiscated. See Sabine, Vol. II. 

114. Benjamin, b. 9th mo. 16, 1751, d. 1793. 

115. John, b. 3d mo. 30, 1753, d. 1798, in New York. He is probably 
the John mentioned with Joel and William above, in Sabine, Vol. 1 1 . 

116. Jonathan, b. 1759, d. 1839, m. Hannah Bacon. ^ 

ni. (53.) Abraham Evans, of Merion, son of Evan, m., at Rad- 
nor m. h., 8th mo. 8, 1747, Lydia Thomas, dau. of William, 
of Lower Merion. 

IV. Children of Abraham and Lydia : 

117. Evan, m., 1771, Mary Harmon.^ 

^ See Keith's Prov. Councillors of Petma. (p. 97). 

^ Joel's property, an undivided half of an estate in Blockley, Philadelphia county, 
was confiscated by the Executive Council of Penna., and sold for ^^15,000 Continental 
money. {Colonial Records, Vol. XII., p. 617). His brother William's property, a two- 
story carpenter shop, and lot of ground, on the north side of Pine St., between 3d and 
4th, Philadelphia, was confiscated and sold to Benjamin Evans. {Colonial Records, 
XII., p. 97.) In these sales one-fourth of the money was retained to become the prin- 
cipal of a ground rent, the annual income of which was payable to the University of 
Pennsylvania. On Joel's land the rent was to be 7^ bushels, and on William's 
property, 4^^ bushels, per annum, of " good merchantable wheat." 


1 1 8. Elisha/ " who keeps a tavern at Norristown " [1797]. 
[And other children; names not obtained] . 

III. (54.) Daniel Evans, of Philadelphia, blacksmith, son of 
Evan, Gwynedd, m. " at a public meeting in Plymouth," 4th 
mo. 14, 1763, Eleanor Rittenhouse, dau. of Matthias, of 
Worcester township. (She was a sister of David Ritten- 
house, the mathematician, who signs as one of the witnesses 
of the marriage). I have no data concerning their children, 
if they had any. 

III. (56.) MusGRAVE Evans, of Philadelphia, cooper, son of Evan, 
of Gwynedd, m. at Radnor m. h., 12th mo, 12, 1753, Lydia 
Harry, dau. of Samuel, of Radnor. 

IV. Children of Musgrave and Lydia : 

119. Sarah. 

120. Martha. 

121. Ann. 

122. Thomas. 

III. (57.) David Evans, " of Spruce St.," Philadelphia, house 
carpenter, son of Evan, of Gwynedd, m. Aug. 10, 1755, Le- 
TiTiA Thomas, of Radnor. David d. 18 17, aged 84, and was 
bu. at Friends' ground, 4th and Arch Sts.^ This couple had 
a large family of children, but only part of their names, as 
follows, have been obtained. 

IV. Childre7i of David and Letitia : 

123. Letitia, b. loth mo. 15, 1759, d. 1780, m. Richard Moore, son of 
Mordecai and Ehzabeth, and had issue one child, Letitia, who m. 

1 Cadwalader Evans, now [1884] of Bridgeport, Montg. Co., is a son of Elisha. 
See Auge's Men of Mo/itgofnery County, p. 460. ( Jared B. Evans, d. Jefferson Co., Pa., 
March 28, 1891, was another son). 

'Was it this David Evans who went with Dr. Parrish to New England, in the 
winter of 1775-6, to distribute supplies to the people around Boston, destitute by reason 
of the siege ? — See Penna. Mag., Vol. I., p 168. 


her first cousin, Levin H. Jackson, (Richard Moore, b. 1745, d 

124. GuHelma, b. 12th mo. 14, 1762. 

125. Charles, b. March 30, 1768, d.Sept. 5, 1847. (He was the seventh 
child of his parents.) Settling in Reading, Penna., he became 
a prominent lawyer, acquired wealth, and founded the beautiful 
cemetery of that city now known by his name. He d. unmarried 

126. David, b 6th mo. 26, 1770. 

III. (61.) Jesse Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Hugh, m. 4th mo. 
19, 1750, Catherine Jones, dau. of John, of Horsham. The 
Family Record of 1 797 refers to him as having "formerly 
lived where George Maris lives." He was a tailor by trade, 
as well as a farmer, and, in 1755, sold the 55 ^^^ acres left him 
by his father (which included the present dwelling of Dr. 
M. R. Knapp, the dwelling and store of Wm. H. Jenkins, 
and the Acuff hotel property), to George Maris, for 270 
pounds. He then bought of Hugh Evans, of Merion, 
Thomas's son, the property now owned [1884] by Jacob 
B. Bowman. Of his children no list has been obtained. 

III. (73.) Thomas Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Thomas, b. ist 
mo. 24, 1733, d. 9th mo. 3, 1818, m. 1765, Elizabeth 
Roberts (b. nth mo. 19, 1740, d. 1794), dau. of John and 
Jane Roberts, of Whitpain. (See Roberts Genealogy.) The 
Family Record of 1797 speaks of him as living where his 
father did (the farm now occupied by Ellen H. Evans), and 
calls him familiarly, "Tommy Evans." 

IV. Children of Thomas and Elizabeth : 

127. Jane, b. nth mo. 13th, 1766, d. 5th mo. 18, 1781, itnm. 

128. Caleb, b. 1768, d. 1855, m. Catharine Conrad, Agnes Roberts.^ 

129. Tacy, b. ist mo. 10, 1770, d. 5th mo. 4, 1840, m. 1819, Ellis 
Cleaver (d. 1829), son of Ezekiel and Mary. 

130. Nathan, b. 1772, d. 1826, m. Ann Shoemaker.'^ 


131. Thomas b. 1774, d. same year. 

132. John b. 1775, d. 1777. 

133. Jonathan, b. 1778, d. 1844, m. Elizabeth Iden. ^ 

134. Ehzabeth, b. ist mo. 31, 1781, m. 1802, Cadwalader Roberts, of 
Gwynedd. (See Roberts Genealogy.) 

135. Jane, b. 12th mo. 24, 1784, d. 7th mo. 3, 1876, m, 181 1, 
WiUiam Robinson, of Providence (b. 1777, d. 1859), son of 
Nicholas and Elizabeth. William and Jane removed to Ohio, in 
18 16 or 18 1 7. Their children were : Elizabeth, b. 18 14, d. 1847 ; 
Tacy, b. 1818 ; Samaria, b. 18 18, m. George P. Clark. 

III. (78.) Peter Evans, of Merion, son of Robert, of Gwynedd, 
b. 1st mo. 20, 1722, m. Mary Thomas, dau. of William and 
Elizabeth, of Merion.^ Peter appears to have removed to 
Merion ; the births of his children, as here given, are from 
the Haverford records. 

IV. Children of Peter and Mary : 

136. Jonathan, b. 7th mo. 2, 1745. 

137. Ezekiel, b. 5th mo. 27, 1747. 

138. Hannah, b. loth mo. 7, 1748. 

139. Rachel, b. ist mo. 21, 1751. 

140. Levi, b. 7th mo. 18, 1753. 

141. Priscilla, b. 9th mo. 30, 1755. 

142. Zachariah, b. 3d mo. 8, 1758. 

143. Margaret, b. 3d mo. 2, 1760. 

144. Mary, b. 12th mo. 17, 1761. 

III. (89.) Nathan Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Evan and Phebe, 
b. iith mo. 17, 1720, d. 1758 or '59, m. "at the house of 
Benjamin Morgan," 1746, Ruth Morgan, dau. of Daniel. 
In 1758, he obtained a certificate for his removal to Wil- 
mington, Del., and the records of the monthly meeting there 

^ There is some confusion of dates, (possibly of identity), concerning Peter. 
.'\ccording to the Historical Society's abstract of Haverford records, his marriage 
occurred in 1774. (See p. 112 this volume.) But the dates of his children's births 
indicate 1744 as the correct date. 


show the presentation of it, 6th mo. 8, in that year, for him- 
self, wife, and the four children named below. But in 1759 
(lOth mo. 11), his widow requested a certificate for her 
return to Gwynedd. She subsequently married Moses 
Peters, and they removed to Oxford, Philadelphia, where 
Moses died 1784. In his will he names his step-sons, 
Daniel, Lemuel, and Elijah Evans. 

IV. Children of Nathaji and Ruth : 

145. Daniel. 

146. Lemuel. 

147. Elijah. 

148. Samuel. 

III. (92.) Dr. Cadwalader Evans, of Philadelphia, son of John 
and Eleanor, b. at Gwynedd, 17 16, d. 6th mo. 30, 1773, r"- 
I St mo. 22, 1760, Jane Owen, dau. of Owen Owen, of 
Philadelphia, dec'd. Cadwalader was bu. at Gwynedd ; 
he left no children, A more particular sketch of him will 
be elsewhere given. 

III. (93.) Rowland Evans, of Gwynedd, son of John and Elea- 
nor, b. 1718, d. 8th mo. 8, 1789, in Philadelphia. He m. 
at Gwynedd m. h., 9th mo. 15, 1748, Susanna Foulke (b. 
1st mo. 17, 1720, d. 3d mo. i, 1787), dau. of Thomas and 
Gwen. (See Foulke Genealogy.) A sketch of him will be 
separately given. 

IV. Childreii of Rowland and Sitsanna : 

149. Cadwalader, b. Dec. 7, 1749, merchant in Philadelphia, d. Feb. 
21, 1821, unmarried. 

150. John, d. loth mo. i, 1772, in his 20th year, unmarried. 

151. Sarah, b. April 1751, d. Jan. 27, 1831, unmarried. 

152. Ellin, d. unmarried, 182-. 

153. Charles, married, but left no issue. 

154. David, d. unmarried. 


III. (99.) John Evans, of Gwynedd, son of John and Eleanor, 
b. 1 2th mo. (February), 1730, d. 9th mo. (September), 
1807, m. Nov. 19, 1734, Margaret Foulke, dau. of Evan 
and Ellen, of Gwynedd. (Margaret, b. 4th mo. 19, 1726, 
d. 3d mo. 6. 1798. — See Foulke Genealogy.) It was this 
John who furnished Cadwalader, his nephew (son of 
Rowland), with the family data which form the basis of 
the Family Record, of 1797 and later. He was known in 
Gwynedd as "John Evans, the elder" (though his own 
father's name was John), in order to distinguish him from 
his son John. He was a prominent and active member of 
Gwynedd meeting. Joseph Foulke (elsewhere in this 
volume) gives some interesting reminiscences of him. He 
lived all his life at the old home of his father and grand- 
father, in Gwynedd (now [1896] the Hollingsworth estate 
place). " From letters in my possession, written to his 
son," says Rowland Evans, Esq., " he seems to have been 
an earnestly religious man." His will, which presents him 
as quite a rich man, was probated November 6, 1 807. He 
gives his son John the "plantation, consisting of three tracts, 
where he now dwells," in Gwynedd, about 192 acres; 
directs his son Cadwalader to release any supposed claim he 
may have on the fee or title, in consideration of bequests 
now made him ; leaves two tracts (homestead) to his son 
Cadwalader, one 245 acres, the other 36, he to pay iJ^500 to 
his [the testator's] grandsons John and Robert ; bequeaths 
to his friends Levi Foulke, Jesse Foulke, and John Jones, 
jr., son of Evan, or their survivors, ;^20 in trust to keep up 
the burial ground enclosure at Gwynedd meeting, the fund 
to be used in the discretion of Gwynedd preparative meet- 
ing ; gives his son Cadwalader two undivided thirds in 50 
acres of land adjoining the homestead, "late estate of 


brother Cadwalader," gives son Cadwalader the half residue 
of estate, the other half to grandson Robert ; gives ;{^200 to 
son John ; gives ;^200 to grandsons Rowland and Evan in 
equal shares ; appoints son Cadwalader and grandson 
Robert executors. 

IV. Children of John and Margaret : 

155. Evan, d. 1757, aged 9 mos. 

156. John, b. Sept. 7, 1759, d. 1814, m. Gaynor Iredell, Eleanor 
Yaxley. ^ 

157. Cadwalader, b. 1762, d. 1841, m. Harriet V. Musser. ^ 

158. Rowland, b. 1762 (twin brother to Cadwalader), "a merchant in 
Philadelphia," d. loth mo. 10, 1793, of yellow fever, unmarried. 

IV. (116.) Jonathan Evans, of Philadelphia, carpenter, son of 
Jonathan and Hannah, b. ist mo. 25, 1759, m. 4th mo. 13, 
1786, Hannah Bacon, dau. of David and Mary. A memo- 
rial of him, by the Southern District m. m. of Philadelphia, 
will be found reprinted in the Collection of 1879. "His 
parents gave him a liberal education at the schools under 
the care of Friends in this city, and possessing strong mental 
powers and quick perceptions, he made considerable profi- 
ciency in most of the branches of useful learning. He was 
placed apprentice to the carpenter's trade, and afterwards 
followed that business many years." At the period of his 
religious convincement " it was a time of great civil commo- 
tion, .... and about this period he was drafted as a 
soldier for the war of the Revolution. While many of the 
younger members of the Society were caught with the mar- 
tial spirit of the day, he was constrained to maintain his 
testimony, in support of which he suffered an imprisonment 
of sixteen weeks." " Having scruples respecting the pro- 
priety of doing the ornamental work that was put on build- 


ings, and persons generally declining to meet his scruples 
by giving him such parts as he was easy to do, he was 
many times under great difficulty in relation to the means of 
living, particularly when there was little building of any kind 
to be done." (The memorial says, however, in a later 
passage, that he retired from business many years before his 
death, having acquired a competence.) He was an overseer 
(in the Society of Friends) at the age of 24, and an elder at 
36. In the 1 2th mo. 1826, after a sermon by Elias Hicks, 
to a very large congregation at 1 2th st. meeting in Philadel- 
phia, Jonathan Evans arose and declared at some length 
that the doctrines preached by Elias were not those held by 
the Society of Friends.^ He subsequently took a prominent 
part in the movements of the "Separation." In 1837, in 
correspondence with John Wilbur, he reviewed sharply the 
positions taken by Joseph John Gurney.^ He d. in Phila- 
delphia, 2d mo, 8, 1839. Hannah, b. 3d mo., 1765, d. 2d 
mo. 27, 1829. She was a minister among Friends, and 
there is a memorial of her in the Collection of 1879. 

V. Children of Jonathati and Hmmah : 

159. William, b. 1787, d. 1867, n^- Deborah Musgrave, Elizabeth 
Barton. ^ 

160. Joseph, b. 1789, d. 1871, m. Grace Trimble. ^ 

161. Mary, b. 9th mo. 25, 1791, d. ist mo. 28, 1859. 

162. Hannah, b. 9th mo. 7, 1793, d. 8th mo. 21, 1865, m. at Pine St. 
m. h., Philadelphia, nth mo. 4, 1818, Joseph Rhoads " of Marple 
twp., Delaware county, tanner," son of Joseph, dec'd, and Mary. 
Joseph, d. 1st mo. 16, 1861, in his 75th year. Issue of Joseph 
and Hannah (surname Rhoads) : Mary, m. Dr. Wm. E. Haines, 

1 His remarks are given at length in the memorial. For a statement friendly to E. 
H., see Janney's History of Friends, Vol. IV., p. 155, et. seq. 
* See John Wilbur's Journal, p, 228. 


and has issue ; Deborah ; Joseph, m. Elizabeth Snowden, and 
has issue ; Hannah, d. young ; Elizabeth ; Dr. James E. (editor 
of Friends'' Review, and now (1884) president of Bryn Mawr 
Female College under care of Friends), m. Margaret W, Ely, and 
has issue ; Charles, of Haddonfield, N. J., conveyancer, m. Anna 
Nicholas, and Beulah S. Morris, and has surviving issue by first 
wife; Jonathan E., of Wilmington, Del., m. Rebecca C. Garrett, 
and has issue. 

163. Joel, b. 1796, d. 1865, m. Hannah Rhoads. ^ 

164. Thomas, b. 1798, d. 1868, m. Catharine Wistar. ^ 

165. Charles, b. 1802, d. 1879, m. Mary Lownes Smith. ^ 

IV. (117.) Evan Evans, of Philadelphia, house-carpenter, son 
of Abraham and Lydia, m. 4th mo. i, 1771, Mary Harmon, 
dau. of Tubal, of Philadelphia. 

V. Children of Evan and Mary : 

166. Jacob H., b. 2d mo. 8, 1772, m. Margaret Helm. P 

167. Sarah, b. 12th mo. 27, 1773. 

168. Francis, b. loth mo. 12, 1780. 

IV. (128.) Caleb Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Thomas and 
Elizabeth, b. 2d mo. 16, 1768, d. 7th mo. 3, 1855, m. ist, 
1798, Catharine Conrad, dau. of Peter, of Whitpain ; 2d, 
1820, Agnes Roberts (b. 1783, d. 1872), dau. of Cadwala- 
der and Mary, (See Roberts Genealogy.) Caleb lived for 
many years, and died, at the home of his father (now the 
Ellen H. Evans place). He had but two children who grew 
up, — one by each wife. 

V. Children of Caleb and Catharine : 

169. Peter C, b. 1799, d. 1880, m. Margaret Jenkins. ^ 

Children of Caleb and Agnes : 

170. Cadwalader R., b. 1821, d. 1861, m. Ellen H. Shoemaker, sp 

171. EUzabeth, b. 1824, d. 1825. 


IV. (130.) Nathan Evans, son of Thomas and Elizabeth, b. 
1st mo. 25, 1772, d. 1st mo. 19, 1826, m. 12th mo. 14, 
18 10, Ann Shoemaker (b. 1786, d. 1863), dau. of Thomas 
and Tacy. 

V. Children of Nathaft and Ann : 

172. Charles, b. 181 1, m. Mary M. Morgan, Sarah M. Harris. ^ 

173. Edmund, b. 1816, d. 1847, m. Jane R. Smith ; no issue. 

IV. (133.) Jonathan Evans, son of Thomas and Elizabeth, b. 
at Gwynedd, 6th mo. 26, 1778, d. 4th mo. 7, 1844, m. at 
Richland, Bucks co., loth mo. 5, 1809, Elizabeth Iden (d. 
1st mo. 23, 1824), dau. of George and Hannah.^ Jonathan 
taught school "near Everard Foulke's," at Richland (half 
a mile from Bunker Hill), for two years after his marriage, 
and then removed to Gwynedd, where he taught for several 
years. In 18 16 or '17 he removed to Sandy Hill (Whit- 
pain), where he remained teaching until after the death of 
his wife, in 1824, and then discontinued housekeeping. In 
1832 and '33 he was in Ohio, near Mt. Pleasant, with his 
son, and then returned to Gwynedd, where he made his 
home ^ with his brother Caleb. 

V. Children of Jonathati and Elizabeth : 

174. Thomas I., b. 18 10, d. 1883, m. Ann Worthington. ^ 

175. George I., b. 1812, m. Sarah Griffith, Mary P. Richards. ^ 

176. Caleb, b. 181 5, m. Sarah Black. ^ 

177. William R., b. 1817, m. Mary W. Allen, Martha S. Carr. ^ 

178. Job, b. 1820, d. same year. 

179. Hannah I., b. 1821, m. Thomas D. Tomlinson, of Marietta, Iowa, 
and has issue 9 children. 

1 Hannah was the dau. of Samuel and Ann Foulke ; see Foulke Genealogy. 
' Some further details will be given hereafter concerning Jonathan's work as a 
teacher, at Gwynedd and Montgomery. 


IV. (156.) John Evans, of Gwynedd, son of John and Margaret, 
b. September 7, 1759, d. 1814, m., ist, Gaynor Iredell (d. 
I2th mo. 12, 1785), dau. of Robert, of Montgomery; 2d, 

Eleanor Yaxley,^ dau. of and Esther. Esther was 

the dau. of Evan Foulke by his second wife ; Margaret 
Evans, mother of this John, was Evan's daughter by his first 
wife ; this couple were therefore nearly first cousins, their 
mothers being half sisters. (See Foulke Genealogy.) John 
received by the will of his father, part of the Evan Foulke 
tract on the Penllyn road, adjoining Spring-House. (See No. 
99, this Genealogy.) Eleanor survived him. 

V. Children of John and Gaynor : 

180. John F., b. 9th mo. 3, 1784. He was living as late as 1814, and 
had been a clerk or assistant in business to his uncle Cadwalader 
(No. 157). 

181. Robert I., b. nth mo. 14, 1785, d. July 29, 1822. It will be seen 
by the date above that his mother d. when he was but a few weeks 
old. He engaged successfully in business in Philadelphia, and d, 
unm., July 29, 1822. There is a letter from him among the Cad- 
wallader Foulke papers, dated July 21, 18 18, in which he regrets 
his present inability to visit Gwynedd, as he is about leaving for 
Montreal and Quebec, by way of Ballston and Saratoga, intending 
to be absent a month. His estate was settled by Roberts Vaux, 
Esq., of Philad'a, administrator. An obituary article in MS., 
among the Cadw. Foulke papers (taken apparently from a Phila- 
delphia newspaper) says he was brought up by his grandfather 
(John Evans, No. 99, who left him valuable bequests), and lived 
with him till 1805, when he engaged as an apprentice to a mer- 
cantile house in Philadelphia. The article describes him in terms 

1 Eleanor's mother, Esther Foulke, m. an Ely, according to one authority ; and 
some accounts call her husband Yearsley ; but in a bond dated March 26, 1800, 
Eleanor herself is called Yaxley, and signs her name to a receipt for interest on the 
back of it " Nellie Yaxley," — which seems to be conclusive that her own name was 
neither Ely nor Yearsley, when she m. John Evans. See reference to her in Foulke 
Genealogy, post. 


of warm praise as a very exemplary and much beloved man, de- 
voted in his leisure to literature and scientific studies, and with 
"talents and acquirements remarkably devoted to the good of his 
fellow creatures." He was one of the Directors of the Public 
Schools ; of the Pennsylvania Institution for the Deaf and Dumb ; 
a Manager of the Apprentices' Library, and actively interested in 
other public institutions. (See Cadwallader Foulke's allusion to 
his death, p. 142.) 

Children of John and Eleanor : 

182. Rowland, b, nth mo. 18, 1802. He was living in 1809. 

183. Evan C, b. 8th mo. 29, 1805. He was living at the time of his 
father's death, 1814, and later, but d., probably unm., before 1828. 
Cadwalader Roberts was his guardian, and Cadwallader Foulke 
adm'r of his estate. 

184. Randolph W. 

185. Esther. 

[Both the last named probably d. young.] 

IV. (157.) Cadwalader Evans, junior, son of John and Mar- 
garet, of Gwynedd, b. at Gwynedd, Dec. 25, 1762, d. Oct. 26, 
1 84 1, m. Harriet Verena Musser, dau. of John, of Lancas- 
ter, Pa. A sketch of Cadwalader will be given elsewhere. 

V. Children of Cadwalader and Harriet : 

186. Juliana Doddridge, d. 1866, unm. 

187. Margaret Eleanor, unm. 

188. John Glendour, d. 1827, unm. 

189. Rowland Edanis, d. 1866, unm. 

190. Edmund Cadwalader, b. 1812, d. 1881, m. Mary Louisa Allen. ^ 

191. William Elbert, b. 1816, d. 1869, m. Anna Smith, Emma Fot- 
terall. ^ 

192. Cadwalader, d. 186 1, unm. 

193. Manlius Glendower, b. 1821, d. 1879, m. Ellen Kuhn. ^ 

194. Harriet Verena, m. Gouverneur Morris Ogden, Esq,, of New 
York (d. July, 1884), and had issue: Cadwalader E., David B., 
Gouverneur Morris, all living in New York (1884). 


V. (159.) William Evans, of Philadelphia, son of Jonathan and 
Hannah, b. loth mo. 5, 1787, d. 5th mo. 12, 1867, m., ist, 
18 II, Deborah Musgrave (d. 6th mo. 27, 181 5, in her 28th 
year), dau. of Aaron and Abigail ; and 2d, 12th mo. 23, 1824, 
Elizabeth Barton (b. in Newton, Camden Co., N. J., ist 
mo. 2, 1794, d. nth mo. 14, 1 861), dau. of John and Rebecca. 
Of William and both his wives there are memorials, pub- 
lished in the volume issued in 1879 by Philadelphia Yearly 
Meeting (O.) William, " during his whole life was a mem- 
ber of this [Southern District] monthly meeting." He 
appeared as a minister in 1817 ; was recommended in 1822. 
He traveled considerably in religious work, and was much 
interested in education amongst Friends. In connection with 
his brother, Thomas Evans, he edited a series of fourteen 
volumes of the " Friends' Library," made up of "journals, 
doctrinal treatises, and other writings of Friends," the series 
being begun in 1837, and one volume issued each year. 
William and Thomas also edited, 1854, a new edition of 
" Piety Promoted," a " Collection of Dying Sayings of Many 
of the People called Quakers." (Part of this was originally 
edited by John Tomkins, London, 1701, and successive parts 
were added by John Field, John Bell, Josiah Wagstaffe, 
Josiah Forster, and others.) For many years he was a clerk 
of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (O.) His journal was pub- 
lished in 1870, edited by his brother. Dr. Charles Evans, 
Deborah died at the early age of 28, Elizabeth was a 
minister ; she first spoke as such in the meeting at Newton, 
N. J., in 181 5 ; in 18 18, Haddonfield monthly and quarterly 
meetings acknowledged her ministry. She d. somewhat 
suddenly while on a visit to Salem, N. J. 


VI. Children of William and Deborah : 

195. Abigail, b. loth mo. i, 1812, m. Horatio C. Wood, and had issue: 
William E., b. 1854. 

196. Jonathan, b. 4th mo. 29, 18 14, d. 7th mo. 5, 184 1. (He was a 
druggist, at 3d and Spruce Sts., Philad'a, the stand previously 
occupied by his uncle Thomas Evans.) 

Children of William and Elizabeth : 

197. Rebecca, b. loth mo. 5, 1825, d. nth mo. 13, 1836. 

198. Hannah, b. 6th mo. 7, 1827. 

199. Elizabeth R., b. 7th mo. 4, 1830. 

200. William, b. 8th mo. 1835, m. Rebecca Carter; and has issue: 
John C, b. 1868 ; Charles b. 1870 ; Alice C, b. 1872 ; Grace B., 
1874; William B., b. 1875 ; Ruth, b. 1877. {William is (1884) 
of the firm of Evans & Yarnall, Philadelphia, and resides at 
Moorestown, N. J.) 

V. (160.) Joseph Evans, of Delaware county, son of Jonathan 
and Hannah, b. 9th mo. 28, 1789, d. 2d mo. 10, 1871, m. 5th 
mo. 26, 1 8 14, at Uwchlan m. h., Grace Trimble (b. 12th 
mo. 24, 1789, d. 8th mo. 17, 1867), dau. of WilHam and Ann. 
They resided in Springfield township, Del. Co. " They were 
much esteemed and exemplary members of the Society of 
Friends, in which she [as well as her husband] was for many 
years an elder." 

VI. Children of Joseph and Grace : 

201. Ann C, b. 3d mo. 21, 1815, m. 5th mo. 6, 1847, Isaac C. Evans, 
(b. 3d mo. 23, 1 818), son of Isaac and Mary, and has issue: 
Mary, Joseph, Isaac, Anne, Lydia, Rowland, William. 

202. Hannah, b. 18 17, d. 1826. 

203. William, b. 1819, d. 1821. 

204. Mary b. 5th mo. 23, 1823, m. nth mo. 7, 1844, William Mickle, 
of New Jersey (b. 7th mo. 24, 1813, d. 6th mo. 16, 1856), son of 
George and Mary, and has issue : Anne, Mary, Sarah, Joseph, 


205. Joseph, b. 1825, d. 1826. 

206. Thomas, b. 8th mo. 24, 1830, m. and has issue : Charles, Mary, 
Grace. (Howard Co., Maryland.) 

207. John, b. 1833, d. 1851. 

V. (163.) Joel Evans, son of Jonathan and Hannah, b. 3d mo. 
7, 1796, d. 5th mo. 13, 1865, m. Hannah Rhoads. He was 
an elder in the Society of Friends, and for some time (after 
the service of his brother William in that capacity) clerk of 
Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (O.) 

VI. Children of Joel and Hannah : 

208. Mary, d. 8th mo. 27, 1850, in her 29th year, m. William 
Rhoads, jr., and had issue : Mary. 

209. William, d. ist mo. 24, 1843, in his 20th year. 

210. Owen, m. Lydia Thompson, and has issue : Mary, Beulah T., 
Edwin, and William. 

211. Hannah, b. 1830, d. 1893. 

212. Charles, m. Anna Belle Kirby, and has issue: C. Wistar, and 
four who d. young. 

213. Samuel, m. Anne Taylor, and has issue : Mary, Eleanor, Caro- 
line, Albert and Bertha. 

214. Joel, m. Emma Stokley, and has issue: Mary, William and 
Laura. (Three children of Joel and Hannah, named Joel, 
Elizabeth, and Elizabeth, d. young.) 

V. (164.) Thomas Evans, of Philadelphia, son of Jonathan and 
Hannah, b. 2d mo. 23, 1798, d. 5th mo. 25, 1868, m. Catha- 
rine Wistar, dau. of John and Charlotte, of Salem, N. J. 
She d. 1 2th mo. 5, 1871, in her 70th year. Thomas Evans 
was an eminent minister among Friends, whose preaching 
was characterized by " winning eloquence." An extended 
memorial of him is in the collection published by Phila. 
Y. M. (O). in 1879. He received a strong rehgious im- 
pression in his youth ; at 21 he began business ; at 2 3 he 


went, as companion to George Withy, an English minister, 
and traveled four months in the Southern and Western 
States. At the time of the Separation in the Society of 
Friends, 1827-8, he took an active and very prominent 
part (on the side of the body distinguished as Orthodox.) 
He first spoke in the ministry in 1832, while on a religious 
visit to Virginia, but did not again speak for some years, — 
about 1838. In 1844 his ministry was approved. About 
this time his health became much impaired, and he fixed his 
residence for four years in the country, after which he 
returned to the city. In 1837 he joined his brother William 
in editing " Friends' Library," a series of fourteen volumes, 
and later, "Piety Promoted," in four vols. (Philadelphia: 
1854.) He wrote, besides, "A Concise Account of the 
Religious Society of Friends," " An Exposition of the Faith 
of the Religious Society of Friends," "Youthful Piety," etc. 
His feeble health was occasioned in part, if not entirely, by 
an injury to his spine caused by extreme exertions on board 
a ship, during a storm, on a voyage to Charleston, S. C, — 
his errand being to look after the Friends' meeting property 
in that city.^ 

1 An elaborate obituary notice of THOMAS Evans, published in the Philadelphia 
North America}!, June 22, 1868, and ascribed to Edward Hopper, contains these 
passages: "This [the So. of Friends] was to him a most precious communion. 
His affections, his time, his talents, were all given without stint to the support of 
this body of Christians, whose principles, testimonies, and we might say minute 
peculiarities, were subjects of his entire approval, and whose tenets found an un- 
qualified response in his religious convictions." [Having referred to his clearness of 
view, and acumen in expression, with reference to the history, doctrine, and discipline 
of Friends; and to the fact that, although quite a young man, he was a leading 
witness in the great New Jersey chancery suit, in 1829-33, the article says :] " His 
testimony as presented to the Court, and which has been preserved in printed records, 
exhibits a knowledge of the points involved, and a power of ready expression, with a 
thorough understanding of everything that had a bearing upon the subject connected 
with the issue, unsurpassed by anything which is to be found in the annals of religious 


VI. Children of Thomas and Catharine : 

215. John Wistar, b. 4th mo. 7, 1836, d. 12th mo. 29, 1873, ^^ 
Eleanor Stokes, and had issue : Elizabeth W., Thomas, J. Wistar, 

216. Thomas Wistar, b. 12th mo. 15, 1837, d. 2d mo. 16, 1857. 

217. Hannah Bacon, b. 9th mo. 19, 1839. 

218. Katharine, b. 7th mo. 14, 1841, m. Francis Stokes, and has 
issue : Katharine E., Henry W., Esther, Edith, Francis Joseph. 

219. Jonathan, b. 8th mo. 16, 1843, "^- Rachel R. Cope, and has 
issue: Anna C, F. Algernon, Edward W. Jonathan resides at 
Germantown : was some time of the firm of Cooper, Jones & 
Cadbury, Philadelphia. 

V. (165.) Charles Evans, M.D., of Philadelphia, son of Jona- 
than and Hannah, b. 12th mo. 25, 1802, d. 4th mo. 20, 1879, 
m. Mary Lownes Smith, who survived him. Charles was 
an elder in the Society of Friends, conspicuous for his exer- 
tions in the interests of that religious society, and much 
engaged in benevolent and philanthropic labors. He was 
for many years attending physician at the Frankford Asylum 
for the Insane, and strongly interested in the treatment of 
mental diseases, on the care of which he was much con- 
sulted. He was some time editor of The Friend. He edited, 
in 1870, the Journal of his brother William, and wrote 
" Friends in the Seventeenth Century." [New ed., Philad'a, 
1876.) He left no issue. 

V. (166.) Jacob Harmon Evans, son of Evan and Mary, b. 2d 
mo. 8, 1772, m. Margaret Helm. 

litigation." [Of his character as a preacher the notice says :] " His manner, though 
often much subdued by a sense of personal unworthiness, was animated, and the 
messages which he bore were often beautifully illustrated by apt and facile expression 
and striking analogies ; and, while retaining all the simplicity and earnestness of 
an apostle, he was eloquent in a high degree, and withal there was a baptizing unction 
attending his ministry, which reached the hearts and minds of many " 


VI. Children of Jacob H. and Margaret : 

22oa. Peter, b. 4th mo. 26, 1793. 

22ia. Jacob, b. loth mo. 11, 1795, m. Ann Hall.^ 

V. (169.) Peter C. Evans, of Whitpain, son of Caleb and Cath- 
erine, b. 1st mo. 24, 1799, d. 2d mo. 24, 1880, m. October 
20, 1 83 1, at Doylestown, Pa., by Josiah Y. Shaw, Esq., 
Margaret Jenkins (b. 3d mo. 6, 1800, d. loth mo. 8, 1872), 
dau. of Edward and Sarah, of Gwynedd. (See Jenkins 

VI. Children of Peter and Margaret : 

220. Catharine, b. loth mo. 21, 1834, m. 1863, Chalkley Ambler, 
now (1884) of Philadelphia, and has issue. 

221. Sarah, b. 9th mo. 7, 1836, d. 

222. Charles Edward, b. 8th mo. 9, 1838, m. Arabella G. Green, dau. 
of Carlo and Hannah R., and has issue : Edward J., b. 1877; 
William S., b. 1879 ; Harry S., b. 1882. 

V. (170.) Cadwalader R. Evans, of Gwynedd, son of Caleb 
and Agnes, b. 5th mo. 17, 1821, d. 5th mo. 23, 1861, m. 2d 
mo. 13, 185 1, Ellen H. Shoemaker (b. loth mo. 24, 1823), 
dau. of Joseph and Phebe, of Gwynedd. Cadwalader 
lived at the original home of his ancestor, Owen Evans.^ 

VI. Children of Cadwalader and Ellen : 

223. Joseph S., b. nth mo. 17, 185 1, m. Emma K. Mauger, dau. of 
Henry B. and Harriet I., and has issue : Horace Cadwalader, b. 
1886, Gwendolen, b. 1888. 

224. Elizabeth, b. loth mo. 31, 1853. 

225. Anna, b. ist m. 29, 1856. 

226. Mary E., b. nth mo. 5, 1858. 

227. Caleb, d. in infancy. 

^ See statement concerning this property at p. 60 of this volume. 


V. (172.) Charles Evans, of Philadelphia, son of Nathan and 
Ann, b. 9th mo. 30, i8ii,d. 12th mo. 17, 1887; m. ist, 
1833, Mary M. Morgan, (b. 1807, ^- 1862), dau. of Benja- 
min andTacy; 2d, 1876, Sarah M. Harris, dau. of Jonas. 

VI. Children of Charles and Mary : 

228. Tacy A., b. 1833, d. ist mo. 25, 1884, m. 1865, Benjamin O. 
Loxley, son of Benjamin R., of Philadelphia ; and had issue, 
surname Loxley, Charles Evans, Morris James. 

229. Morris J., b. 1837, d. 1870, m. 1861, Elizabeth T. Hayhurst, dau. 
of Thomas, and had issue: (i) Mary G., b. 1863, d. 1895, m. 
Charles C. Price, and had issue, surname Price, Thornton \V., b. 
1887, Elizabeth E., b. 1889, John M., b. 1891, Charles C, Jr., b. 
1894; (2) Charles W., b. 1865, m. Sarah, dau. of William and 
Rebecca K. West, and has issue, surname Evans, William W., b. 
1 89 1, Athalia W., b. 1893, Charles M., b. 1895. 

230. Charles W., b. 5th mo. 24, 1842, d. 8th m. 31, 1864, unm. 

V. (174.) Thomas I. Evans, carriage and wagon maker, of Mt. 
Pleasant, Ohio, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth, b. 7th mo. 
22, 1810, d. 2d mo. 23, 1883, m. Ann Worthington, (b. 9th 
mo. 3, 181 1), 

VI. Children of Thomas I. arid Ann : 

231. Mary E., b. 9th mo. 8, 1838, d. 9th mo. 21, 1864, m. 6th mo. 3, 
1856, Dr. Jonathan Taylor Updegraff(b. 5th mo. 13, 1822, d. nth 
mo, 30, 1882, elected Representative from the i8th district of Ohio, 
in the U. S. Congress, 1878, and re-elected 1880 and 1882); and 
had issue. 

232. Rebecca J., b. 9th mo. 28, 1840. 

233. George W., b. 2d mo. 3, 1843, n^- 1874, Pocahontas R. Lunsford, 
and has issue : Blanche L., b. 1875 ; Murkland G., b. 1876 ; 
Claude I., b. 1879 ; Minnie M., b. 1881. (Stafford Co., Va.) 

V, (175.) George I. Evans, of Emerson, Ohio, son of Jonathan 
and Elizabeth, b. at Gwynedd, 8th mo. 31, 1812, m. ist, 


1834, Sarah Griffith (b. 18 14, d. 1846), dau. of Evan and 
Elizabeth, of Mt. Pleasant, O. ; 2d, 1848, Mary P. Rich- 
ards (b, 1 8 10, d. 1876), dau. of Samuel and Ann, of Mt. 
Pleasant. George removed from Gwynedd to Ohio in 1830. 
He d. at Emerson, O., 4th mo. 2, 1886, "after a short ill- 

VI. Children of George I. and Sarah : 

234. Elizabeth E., b. 1835, n^- 1853, John Scott ; and has issue. 

235. Julia A., b. 1837, m. 1859, Thos. McMillan. 

236. Evan G., b. 1840, m. 1862, Rebecca Craft, dau. William and 
Rachel, and has issue : Arthur W., George M., Sarah E., Ellery 

237. Sarah E., b. 1842, d. 1863. 

238. Mary A., b. 1844, m. 1870, Geo. W. Michener. 

Children of George I and Mary : 

239. Hannah J., b. 1849. 

V. (176.) Caleb Evans, of Bucks Co., Pa., son of Jonathan 
and Elizabeth, b. 4th mo. 8, 181 5, m. 4th mo. 26, 1837, 
Sarah C. Black (b. 3d. mo. 15, 18 18). 

VI Children of Caleb and Sarah : 

240. Wilson C, b. ist mo. 23, 1838, m. 9th mo. i, 1870, Mary Jane 
Lande (b. 4th mo. 6, 1848), and has issue: Adah S., b. 1871, 
Stanley C, b. 1873, Emma D. b. 1877. 

241. Mary Emma, b. nth mo. 19, 1848, m. 9th mo. 19, 1872, 
Edward R. Doan, of Carversville, Bucks Co., and has issue. 

V. (177.) William R. Evans, of Carversville, Bucks Co., son 
of Jonathan and Elizabeth, b. 9th mo. 19, 18 17, m., ist, 
loth mo. 16, 1839, Mary W. Allen (d. 7th mo. 17, 1842) ; 
2d, loth mo. 15, 1846, Martha S. Carr (b. 4th mo. 25, 
1822). By his first wife he had no children. 


VL Children of Williajn R. and Martha : 

242. Mary W., b. 8th mo. i, 1847, m. Joseph Roberts; son of Charles 
and Sarah, of Upper Dublin. (See Roberts Genealogy). 

243. Macre J., b. nth mo. 5, 1850, m. 9th mo. 19, 1872, William H. 
Robinson ; and has issue. 

244. Anna H., b. 1853, d. 1857. 

245. Willett D., b. nth mo. 28, 1855. 

246. Howard P., b. 4th mo. 28, i860. 

V. (190.) Edmund Cadwalader Evans, M. D., son of Cadvval- 
ader and Harriet V., b. at Gwynedd, August 12, 18 12. He 
graduated at the Univ. of Penna., studied medicine, took 
his degree of M. D., and practiced his profession near Paoli, 
in Tredyffrin, Chester Co., for several years. Later, he re- 
sided near West Chester, but in 1865 removed to Lower 
Merion, in his native county, near the original home of his 
ancestor Rowland Ellis. He d. May 10, 1881. He m. 
April 17, 1844, Mary Louisa Allen, dau. of Rev. Benja- 
min Allen, of Hyde Park, N. Y. She d. 1861. Four 
children d. in infancy ; their survivors are here given. 

VL Children of Edmund C. and Mary Louisa : 

247. Rowland, b. July 12, 1847, in Tredyffrin ; now a member of the 
Philadelphia bar, residing in Lower Merion ; he m., 1878, Mary 
Binney Montgomery, dau. of Richard R. Montgomery, Esq., of 
Philadelphia, and has issue : Edmund C, Elizabeth Binney, 
AHce, Mary, Essyllt. 

248. Allen, b. Dec. 8, 1849, in Tredyffrin ; an architect in Philadel- 
phia ; resides in Lower Merion. He m. 1876, Rebecca Lewis, 
dau. of John T. Lewis, Esq., of Philadelphia, and has issue : 
Mary Allen, John Lewis, Margaret Eleanor. 

V. (191.) William Elbert Evans, son of Cadwalader and 
Harriet V., b. in Philadelphia, 18 16, where he resided all his 
life. He m. ist, Anna Smith, dau, of Jacob Smith, Esq., of 


Philadelphia, and 2d, Emma Fotterall, dau. of William 
Fotterall, Esq., who survives, without issue. William E. 
d. 1869. His children, besides others who d. in infancy, 
were two in number. 

VI. Children of William E. and Anna : 

249. Emily, m. John Henry Livingston, of Dutchess co., N. Y. 

250. Glendower, graduated with distinction at Harvard University, d. 
at Boston, 1886, member of the bar in Boston, Mass. ; m. Bessy, 
dau. of Edward Gardiner, Esq., of Boston. 

V. (193.) Manlius Glendower Evans, son of Cadwalader and 
Harriet V., b. in Philadelphia, 1821, and resided there most 
of his life ; m. Ellen Kuhn, dau. of Hartman Kuhn, Esq., 
of Philadelphia. In 1870 he removed to New York, and in 
1875 went to Europe for his health, where he continued to 
reside until his death, in 1879. He left four children, 
besides others who d. young. His wife survives. 

VI. Children of Manlius G. and Ellen : 

251. Cadwalader, b. 1847, in Philadelphia, d. in New York, 1880, m. 
AngeUna B., dau. of Israel Corse, Esq., of New York, and has 
issue : Lena and Edith Wharton. 

252. Ellen Lyle, m. Alfred T. Mahan, Commander U. S. N., and had 
issue : Helen Evans, Ellen Kuhn, Lyle Evans. 

253. Rosalie, unm., resides with her mother in N. Y. 

254. Hartman Kuhn, b. in Philada. in i860, unm. Returning to the 
United States, after the death of his father, he engaged in sheep 
ranching in Wyoming Territory [now State]. 

VI. (221^.) Jacob Evans, son of Jacob H. and Margaret, b. 
Oct. II, 1795, m. 1816, Ann Hall, and had three children. 

VII. Children of Jacob and Ann : 

255. Elizabeth, b. 1818. d. 1820. 


256. George Oliver, born April 3, 1821, d. June 3, 1875, m. Jan. 17, 
1849, Martha J. McMullen, and had issue : 

1. Agnes, b. Oct. 26, 1849, m. Oct. 12, 1875, Clarkson Clothier and has issue, 

surname Clothier: one, d. in infancy, 1878; Marion, b May 12, 1879; 
Edith, b. June 7, 1881 ; Florence, b. March 22, 1883, d. Oct. 2, 1888 ; 
Robert Clarkson, b. Jan. 8, 1885. 

2. Edith, b. May 3, 1851. 

3. Howard Malcolm, b. Feb. 16, 1854, d. Sept. 11, 1884. 

4. Elliot, b. Nov. 19, 1857, m. Feb. 20, 1884, Sarah Muntzer. 

5. Marion, b. Aug. 9, 1863, d. Nov. 31, 1894. 

257. Mary, b. April 5, 1824, d. Dec, 1891. 

The records of Gwynedd, Haverford, and Philadelphia meet- 
ings, the will lists in the Registers' ofifices at Philadelphia and 
Norristown, and other documents, supply mai;iy names of per- 
sons surnamed Evans, who, it is probable, should have been in- 
cluded in this chapter, at one place or another. I have preferred, 
however, not to build up with materials which I could not regard 
as fairly certain. I therefore present, below, a list of some 
who should probably have been included, leaving it to some 
one interested in completer work to search out the proper con- 
nection : 

1. Joseph M. Evans, d. about 1830, in Gwynedd. Andrew Ambler 

was executor of his estate. In a bond given him in 1829, by 
Cadwallader Foulke, he is described as "of Gwynedd, gentle- 
man." (Was he the son of Hugh? and heir, with his brother 
Thomas, of what is now the Rhoads farm, on Swedes Ford road .'') 

2. Edward Evans, of Philadelphia, a prominent man there, who d. 

lothmo. 13, 1771, (Friends' m. records), may have been Edward, 
"of South street" (No. 67 in Genealogy), son of Evan. The 
meeting records also show the marriage of Edward Evans, of 
Philadelphia, and Rebecca Clark, dau. of William, dec'd, at 
Philad'a mtg., 3d mo. 5, 1757 ; and that Rebecca, "widow of 
Edward," d. 1st mo. i, 1785, aged " about 80 years." 

3. The MS. family record preserved by Hannah Evans, Moorestown, 

N. J., says that Edward Evans, who lived about 1800 or 1808 at 


s. e. corner of 4th and Vine Sts., Philad'a, was grandson or great- 
grandson of Robert, of Gwynedd, the first settler. 

4. The Gwynedd Records show the following births : 

Children of Hugh and Mary Evans : 

Evan, b. ist mo. 16, 1717. 
Robert, b. 7th mo. i, 1719. 
John, b. 2d mo. 2, 1721. 

Children of George and Susanna Evans : 
Daniel, b. 2d mo. 3, 1752. 

Amos, b. loth mo. 17, 1754, d. loth mo. 12, 1759. 
Anne,b. 2d mo. 12, 1757, d. 9th mo. 30, 1759. 
William, b. 9th mo. 4, 1759. 

Children of Samuel a7td Lydia Evans : 
Mary, b. 2d mo. 8, 17S4, d. loth mo. i, 1827. 
Owen, b. 7th mo. 15, 1756, d. 8th mo. 24, 1820. (Whitpain.) 
Rees, b. 12th mo. 4, 1758. 
Ruth, b. sth mo. 7, 1762. 

Children of Jehu and Mary Evans : 
Ehzabeth, b. Sth mo. 28, 1762. 
Sarah, b. 8th mo. 6th, 1777, d. 3d mo. 8, 1786. 
Phebe, b. 3d mo. 3, 1782. 
Jehu, b. 3d mo. 2, 1787. 

5. Gwynedd records also give these deaths : 

Mary, d. 5th mo. 16, 174S, wife of Robert. 

Mary (Worcester), d. 3d mo. 28, 1802, dau. Thos. and Elizabeth. (This was 

probably No, 75 in the Genealogy.) 

Elizabeth (Worcester), d. 9th mo. 13, 1841, aged 82 yrs., 6 mos. 

6. Haverford records show the births and deaths of numerous Evanses, 

among them six children (i 747-1 759) of John and Sarah ; one 
(1761) of Griffith and Hannah ; one (1785) of David and Elinor. 
Other Evans parents mentioned are John and Mary, and David 
and Adah. The records of Haverford show that in 1749, Nathan 
Evans removed there from Gwynedd; in 1756, Nathan Evans 
and wife removed to Gwynedd ; in 1752, Hugh Evans came from 

7. The Philadelphia records show births (i 772-1 780) of three children 

of Evan and Mary Evans ; also, among others, the following 
deaths : 


Joseph, d. loth mo. 5, 1779, aged 34. 

David, d. nth mo. 20th, 1783, aged 40. 

Elizabeth, 'd. 4th mo. 28, 1788, wife of Benjamin. 

Evan, d. 6th mo. 23, 1793, aged 45. 

Benjamin, d. ist mo. 5, 1793, aged 41. 

Ann, d. 9th mo. 17, 1793, aged 25. 

Mary, d. loth mo. 13, 1793, aged 40. 

Susanna, d. 9th mo. 22, 1799, aged 15, dau. of Edward. 

Lydia, d. 4th mo. 11, 1800, aged 85, of Radnor. 

Ann, d. 12th mo. 20, 1802, aged 17, dau. of Benj'n dec'd. 

Francis, d. gth mo. 20, 1807, aged 27 [son Evan and Mary]. 

Jacob, d. 2d mo. 5, 1807, aged 35 [son Evan and Mary]. 

Joshua, d 2d mo. 11, 1771, aged 25. 

Thomas, d. Sth mo. 26, 1771, aged 56. 

Thomas, d. 4th mo. 16, 1778, aged 30. 

John Evans, yeoman, who was in Davidson Co., North Carolina, in 
1790. gave a power of attorney to John Roberts and Christian 
Dull, of Gwynedd, to collect rents from sixty acres of land in Upper 
Dublin, which had descended to him "as eldest brother and heir 
at -law " of David Evans. 

David Evans, of Philadelphia, gentleman, "being aged and infirm 
of Body," made his will Sept. 27, 1745. He mentions his wife 
Elizabeth, his brother-in-law, John Owen, of Chester county, the 
six children of his daughters Susanna and Margaret, "whom I 
had by a former wife," and his four children by his present wife, 
Evan, Rebecca, Sidney, and Sarah. He appoints Evan Jones, of 
Merion, son of Thomas, dec'd ; Owen Jones, of Philadelphia, and 
John Owen, guardians and overseers. Elizabeth was the dau. of 
Robert and Jane Owen, of Merion. Her (and David's) son Evan 
" was the father of David Evans, joiner, who lived in Arch street, 
between 6th and 7th." Their daughter Sarah, " spinister," made 
her will July 14, 1762, and it was proved December 21 of that 
year. She makes bequests to her sister Sydney Howell, wife of 
Joseph Howell, and to the children of her brother Evan, dec'd, 
Sidney, David, and Rebecca, the last two minors. (Philad'a 
meeting records show the marriage of Joseph Howell, of Phila- 
delphia, tanner, son of Jacob (and Sarah, dec'd), of New Garden, 
Chester Co., and Sydna [Sydney] Evans, dau. of David, of said 
city of Philadelphia, m. 4th mo. 26, 1759.) 


Roberts Family Genealogy. 

TT is designed in this chapter to give systematically what is 
^ known concerning the descendants of Robert Cadwalader, 
of Wales, whose children, in the Welsh manner, took the sur- 
name Robert, subsequently changed to Roberts. His sons were 
Cadwalader, Morris, Nicholas, John, and Rowland, and he had 
one daughter, Elizabeth. All these, as well as their father, were 
in Gwynedd or Montgomery, within a few years after the earliest 
company of settlers. They came, there is good evidence to 
prove, from Bala, in Merionethshire ; the journal of an English 
Friend, mentioning Rowland Roberts's religious visit, speaks of 
Bala as his birthplace. 

Cadwalader is said to have come with the first settlers in 
1698, and there is reason to believe that he was accompanied by 
Morris. That they were among the company on the Robert and 
Elizabeth is not certain, but the family tradition is that upon the 
ship which brought them there was much sickness, and that 
Cadwalader, who was noted for his kind and benevolent 
character, was active in assisting those who were ill.^ Sub- 
sequently, the father, Robert Cadwalader, came over with his 
wife, and their other children : Nicholas, John, Rowland, and 
Elizabeth. Some of them, certainly John, settled first near 
Philadelphia, in Oxford township, but all of them had located 

1 The definite statement is ascribed to George Roberts, of Gwynedd (No. 58 in 
this Genealogy), that Cadwalader "came over in company with Edward Foulke and 
Cadwalader Evans " — i.e. on the Robert and Elizabeth, with the original company. 



in Gwynedd or Montgomery, within a few years after the first 
settlement. An old account book of Ellis Roberts, of Gwynedd, 
tailor (not of this family), shows that Morris Roberts bought 
buttons (Ellis spells it " butnes ") of him, in the 9th mo., 1 704, 
and that he had other dealings with Nicholas Roberts, as early 
as the 5th mo., 1705. Cadwalader's name appears as witness, 
on a marriage certificate, 3d month 22, 1699. He bought land 
of Robert John in 17 10, and his name is on the subscription 
paper for building the new meeting-house of 17 12, — the 
subscriptions for the purpose being raised in 1710— 1 1. 

The parents, Robert Cadwalader and his wife, were old peo- 
ple when they came, and did not long survive. In the marriage 
certificate of their daughter Elizabeth, and Daniel Morgan, in 
9th rno., 1718, Robert is spoken of as " late of Gwynedd," show- 
ing his death to have occurred previous to that time. 

It is the tradition that none of the family were Friends at the 
time of their immigration, but if not, they soon joined the Society. 
John was married according to the order of Friends in 1 706 ; 
Rowland in like manner, in 1713 ; Cadwalader, in 17 14; 
Nicholas, in 1717 ; and Morris and EUzabeth, in 171 8. Rowland 
was a minister among the Friends, and so also was Elizabeth, as 
well as her husband, Daniel Morgan. 

Genealogical Sketch. 

[The general plan of this Genealogy is precisely the same as that preceding, 
in Chap. XIII. See details in Note, on p. 150 ] 

I. (i.) Robert Cadwalader, a man advanced in years, from one 
of the northern counties in Wales, immigrated wath his wife 
(whose name is not definitely ascertained) and three sons 
and a daughter (two sons having previously come), and 
settled about 1700, at Gwynedd. Both he and his wife sur- 
vived their removal but a few years. 


II. Children of Robert Cadwalader — {surtiame Roberts) : 

2. Cadwalader, b. 1673, d. 1731, m. Eleanor Ellis. ^ 

3. Morris, m. Elizabeth Robeson. ^ 

4. Nicholas, d. 1733, m. Margaret Foulke. ^ 

5. John, d. 1772, m. Elizabeth Edward. ^ 

6. Rowland, b. 1685, d. 1749, m. Mary Pugh, Ann Bennett. ^ 

7. Elizabeth, m. 9th mo. 21, I7if5, Daniel Morgan, son of Edward. 

Both she and her husband were ministers in the Society of Friends. 
There is a manuscript memorial of Gwynedd Monthly Meeting 
concerning Elizabeth, which says she visited most of the meetings 
of Friends in Pennsylvania, and some of the adjacent colonies. 
In 1744-46, in company with Susanna Morris, she visited most of 
the meetings in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. In 1754 
she was granted a certificate to visit Barbadoes and Tortola. 
' ' Her gift was savoury and edifying, until prevented from attending 
meetings by a fall from a horse and the infirmity of age. The day 
before her death she prayed that the Lord would put an end to sin 
and finish transgression in our land, and in the room thereof would 
bring in everlasting righteousness and peace." She died nth 
mo. 14, 1777, in her 88th year. Daniel d. at an advanced age, 
^773- Their children were Benjamin, b. 1719, m. 1744, Sarah 
Davis ; Ruth, b. 3d mo. 15, 172 1, m., 1746, Nathan Evans, 
Moses Peters. (See Evans Genealogy.) 

II. (2.) Cadwalader Roberts, eldest son of Robert Cadwala- 
der, b. in Wales, in 1673, immigrated, probably, in 1698, and 
settled in Gwynedd. In 17 10, he bought land, 140 acres, of 
Robert John, on or closely adjoining the site of the borough 
of North Wales. ^ All the accounts and traditions describe 
him as a man highly esteemed for his benevolence. He m., 
4th mo. 9, 1 7 14, Eleanor Ellis (b. 8th mo. 17, 1693), dau. 
of Humphrey and Jane Ellis, of Merion (she is called in the 

1 A memorandum upon a copy of the poem given below says : " His residence was 
on the North Wales road, about two miles above Gwynedd meeting-house, east side, 
since occupied by Everard Bolton, H. Beaver, Dr. Meredith, and others." 


marriage certificate Ellin Humphrey),' and he (Cadwalader) 
d. 3d mo. 7, 1 73 1, of small-pox at Gwynedd.^ His estate 
was settled by his widow, as administratrix, letters being 
issued to her, dated May 31, 1731. Eleanor m. a second 
time, Rowland Hugh, of Gwynedd, and d. 1755. 

1 The wedding took place at Rowland Ellis's house, in Merion, afterward the resi- 
dence of Charles Thomson, Sec. of the Continental Congress. 

' The following poem on the death of C. R. is doubtless the earliest specimen of 
verse relating to Gwynedd. Its internal evidence shows that it must have been written 
soon alter the death of C. R., in 1731. The poet is otherwise unknown. 

Verses written on Cadwalader Roberts, who died in Gwynedd, in 
1731. By Robert Simmons, Poet. 

{Drawn out of the Old, by Cadwalader Roberts, Jr.,jd mo. jo, 1767. ) 

You Christians all of North Wales hark with speed, 
I have a line or two for you to read, 
Ponder them o'er, consider well your state 
Before you come unto your God so great. 

These lines I send you as a pattern given. 

That you may know the way that leads to Heaven. 

Follow the steps of him that's gone before : 

Do you but this, you need not do no more. 

Cadwalader Roberts, who was a man of fame, 
Well known in town and country by his name, 
Who lived to the age of sixty, lacking two, — 
But now his death severely we shall [rue ?] 

On May the seventh he resign'd his breath. 
And on the ninth he was laid under the earth. 
It was in the year of our Lord alone. 
One thousand seven hundred and thirty one. 

A loving husband and a father dear. 

Thou wast unto thy wife and children fair, 

O, thou art gone who would have been their stay. 

Which did prove to them a mournful day. 

Thy brothers all which are in number four. 
Each day thy death they sorely do deplore. 
A.1so, thy only sister, whom thou so dearly loved. 


Ill Children of Cadivalader and Eleanor : 

8. Rebecca, b. 3d mo. 14, 1715. m. nth mo. 13, 1735-36, d. 12th mo., 

1795 ; m. William Erwin, and had issue, surname Erwin : Cadwal- 
ader ; William, Ellen, m. Conrad Hoover, and had issue ; Sarah, 
Francis, William, Elizabeth, Robert, Jane, and John, m. Hannah 

9. Robert, b. 1719, d. 1760, m. Sarah Ambler. ^ 

II. (3.) Morris Roberts, son of Robert Cadwalader, b. in 
Wales, immigrated, probably with his brother Cadwalader, 
about 1698, settled in Gwynedd (where he was, from the 
entries in Ellis Roberts's mem. book, as early as 1704), m. 2d 
mo. 18, 1718, Elizabeth Robeson, of Abington, In 1734, 
he applied to Gwynedd monthly meeting for a certificate to 
remove to North Carolina, and probably went there. 

///. Children of Morris and Elizabeth : 

10. Susanna, m. Jacob Zimmerman, 3d mo. 22, 1754, and had issue. 

With grief of heart each day for thee she's moved. 
Thy friends and neighbors all are grieved in heart, 
Since cruel death did thee and them impart. 

Thou charitable was unto the poor, 
Nor didst thou let any pass by thy door, 
But some relief unto them did give, 
In money or in meat, while thou did live. 

It is enough to pierce the ardent skies, 

To hear the lamentable moans and cries, 

Of the poor for their great loss so sore, 

Say : " Blest Cadwalader we shall see no more." 

All people of North Wales weep and lament, 

Since the days of our great friend are spent. 

For few like him is there now left behind, 

So low, so meek, so courteous, and so kind, 

In entertaining friends, and strangers too, 

But now they are crying : " Lord, what shall we do ? " 


11. Hannah, m., about 1746, William Howe, "and moved to back 

12. Sophia, m.. nth mo., 1753, John Cadwalader, and had issue: 
John, b. 1755; Elizabeth, b. 1760. The parents removed to 
Oley, and from there John, jr., rem. to Virginia, about 1786. 

13. Lydia, m. Joseph Jones, "and moved back," probably to Pike- 
land, Chester Co., Pa. 

14. Morris, d. young. 

15. Nehemiah, d. at "Squire" Job Roberts's, 7th mo., 1802. (He is 
said to have been mentally impaired.) 

II. (4.) Nicholas Roberts, son of Robert Cadwalader, d. 1733, 
immigrated from Wales with his parents, m. Margaret 
FouLKE, dau. of Edward, of Gwynedd. (See Foulke Gene- 
alogy.) His estate was settled by Evan Foulke and John 
Roberts, administrators, to whom letters of administration 
were issued, April 14, 1733. 

///. Children of Nicholas and Margaret : 

16. Jane, b. 1718, d. 1790, m. 8th mo. 20, 1741, David Morris, son of 
Cadwalader, of Philadelphia ; and had issue 5 children : Eliza- 
beth, Nicholas, Eleanor, Edward, Jane. (Elizabeth m. David 
Jackson. Jane m. Abiah Cope, of Chester county, from whom are 
numerous members of the Cope family.) 

17. Ellen, b. 1720, m. 6th mo. 27, 1757, John Siddons, and had issue. 

18. Ehzabeth, b. 6th mo. 11, 1723, d. 5th mo. 29, 1790, m. 4th mo. 

12, 1743, David Humphrey, of Gwynedd, son of Robert and 
Margaret, and had issue eight children. They removed south, to 
Maryland, and had many descendants in Baltimore, and else- 
where, surname Dukehart, Riley, Pope, Fowler, Jones, Daven- 
port, Roberts, Ball, Balderson, Matthews, etc. 

II. (5.) John Roberts, of Montgomery, son of Robert Cadwal- 
ader, b. abt. 1677, d. 1773, immigrated, from Wales, with his 
parents. He settled, first, in Oxford twp. , near Philadelphia, 
and while there m. 6th mo. 7, 1 706, Elizabeth Edward, of 


Merion. He subsequently removed to Montgomery, and his 
name is attached in 1 7 1 1 to a petition of Gwynedd and Mont- 
gomery residents for the legal settling of the route of a road 
to the mills on Pennypack. (See chapter, post, on Early 
Roads.) His will, dated 5th mo. 15, 1763, was proved Sept. 
30, 1773. He leaves his grandson, John Jones, a tract, 100 
acres, "where he now liveth," in Montgomery, subject to a 
payment to his (John's) brother, Evan ; his son John Rob- 
erts, a tract, 162 acres, adjoining the above and lands of 
Isaac Jones ; he mentions his grandson John Roberts ; he 
leaves his dau. Elizabeth Blair, bed. furniture, etc., and re- 
mission of " all bonds, bills, notes, and book debts contracted 
or entered into by her former husband, John Jones, or by 
herself within the time of her widowhood." To his grand- 
daughter, Jane McKinley, he leaves an obligation given him 
by John McKinley. He leaves £^ " to the Hospital in Phil- 
adelphia," and to his dau. Elizabeth Blair an annuity of £2 
los., but this to cease, " if the place she formerly lived on 
comes to her possession again." He mentions his grand- 
children (some of them minors), Elizabeth, Ruth, Sarah Ann, 
Jane, Margaret, and Job Roberts ; Margaret, Ellinor, and 
Ann Jones ; and Jonathan Blair. As will be nodced from 
the dates of his birth and death, John lived to be over ninety 
years of age.^ 

///. Children of John and Elizabeth : 

19. Elizabeth, b. 6th mo. 15, 1707, m. ist, John Jones, ^ by whom she 
had issue : Jane, m. John McKinley ; John, Mordecai, Evan, 

1 His son John (No. 22) d. at 86 years ; and his grandsons, John (33) and Job (40) 
d at 84 and 94 respectively. 

2 From this marriage descended a considerable family, of whom Mordecai Jones, 
now [1884] and for many years living on the turnpike near the Treweryn bridge, is 
presumed to be one. 


Margaret, Ellen. Ann ; and 2d (earlier than 1763), John Blair, by 
whom she had issue : Jonathan. 

20. Mordecai.b. 1709, d. 1745. 

21. James. [Jane ?] 

22. John, b. 1714, d. 1801, m. Jane Hank, Eleanor Williams. ^ 

II. (6) Rowland Roberts, of Montgomery, fifth son of Robert 
Cadwalader, b. 1685, at Bala, Wales, d. 7th m. 22, 1749 ; im- 
migrated with his father, m. ist, 3d mo. i, 1713, Mary Pugh, 
eldest dau. of Robert and Sarah, of Gwynedd (see Evans 
Genealogy); and 2d, Ann Bennett, widow, of Abington. 
Rowland was a preacher amongst the Friends. A short 
memorial of him, by Gwynedd monthly meeting, in the John 
Smith MS. collection, says : " He received a gift in the minis- 
try, and visited his native country in the service of truth, 
and returned with certificates giving a good account of his 
services there. Altho' he was not of ready utterance, yet 
his matter was often weighty and instructive, savoring of 
love and good-will to mankind." Ann, his wife, was also a 
preacher, and is referred to in this volume (p. 91). Row- 
land seems to have been an energetic and substantial busi- 
ness man. His will shows that, prior to 1749, he had es- 
tablished a tavern in Montgomery. It is dated 7th mo. 12, 
of that year, and was probated Oct. 10. He leaves to his 
" daughter-in-law " Hannah Jones, two small lots of land, 
" part of the tract I now live on ; one on the west side of the 
great road, over against the tavern erected on my said prem- 
ises, taking all the land appertaining to me on the said side 
of the great road ; " and the other situated between another 
road and Joseph Ambler's house ; " provided always, and I 
do hereby direct that neither the said Hannah nor any other 
person claiming under her shall at any time hereafter erect 
and set up a tavern in opposition to the one that is already 


on my premises, while it continues in my family unsold." 
He mentions also Mary Davis, another " daughter-in-law," 
his son-in-law James Williams, to whom he leaves " one dun 
filly, according to my promise by word of mouth ; " and 
makes provision for his dear wife, Anne Roberts, who is to 
have the right to occupy during her life -time "the old house 
where we now live." His son Eldad is appointed executor, 
and is left, besides other property, " all the plantation and 
tract of land where I now live." 

///. Children of Rowland and Mary : 

23. Eldad, b. 1713, d. 1789, m. Elizabeth Mitchell, Jane Jones. ^ 

24. Sarah, b. nth mo. 13, 1715. 

III. (9.) Robert Roberts, carpenter, of Gwynedd, son of Cad- 
walader, b. loth mo. 18, 17 19, d. 1760, bu. at Gwynedd, m. 
nth mo. II, 1742, Sarah Ambler (b. 5th mo. 25, 1721), 
dau. of Joseph and Ann. (Joseph was a wheelwright ; his 
wife, Ann, was a Williams, before marriage ; they were 
married in 1720.) Robert's will is dated 8th mo. 14, and 
was proved loth mo. 29, 1760. He leaves to his dau. Ellen, 
a lot of 15 acres, in Gwynedd, part of a lot of 25 acres, "to 
be divided off the west end thereof, next to Wissahickon 
creek," and orders his executor, his brother-in-law, Edward 
Ambler, to sell the remainder of his property, about 50 
acres. He names his children, Cadwalader, Joseph, Ann, 
Mary and Hannah. His widow, Sarah, survived until 4th 
mo. 22, 1796, and d. of palsy. 

IV. Children of Robert and Sarah : 

25. Cadwalader, b. 1743, d. 1816, m. Mary Shoemaker. ^ 

26. Ann, b. 1745, d. 1823, m. Hugh Foulke, and had issue. (See 

Foulke Genealogy.) 

27. Joseph, b. 1747, d, 1799, m. Sarah Shoemaker, Mercy Pickering. ^ 


28. Ellen, b. ist mo. 15, 1749, d. 2d mo. 25, 1827, unm. 

29. Rebecca, b. 1752, d. same year. 

30. Mary, b. 1753, d. 1825, m. Jacob Albertson, of Cheltenham, and 
had issue : Hannah, m. Jesse Williams ; Rebecca ; Josiah, m. 
Alice T. Maulsby ; Jacob, m. Martha Livezey ^ ; Benjamin, m. 
Amy Haines' ; Rebecca, m. George Shoemaker. 

31. Hannah, b. 4th mo. 5, 1756, d. 9th mo. 27, 1825, m. Samuel 
Thomas, son of John ; d. without issue. 

III. (22.) John Roberts, of Whitpain, son of John and Eliza- 
beth, b. 5th mo. 28, 1714, d. loth mo. 4, 1801,^ m. ist, 3d 
mo. 13, 1736, Jane Hank, dau. of John and Sarah ; 2d, loth 
mo. II, 1764, Eleanor Williams, dau. of Thomas. (Jane 
b. 1 7 14, d. 1762; Eleanor d. 1796.) 

IV. Children of John and Jane : 

32. Cadwalader, b. ist mo. 6, 1737, d. ist mo, 16, 1748. 

33. John, b. 1738, d. 1824, m. Elizabeth Cleaver. ^ 

34. Elizabeth, b. 1740, d. 1794, m. Thomas Evans. (See Evans 

35. Ruth, b. 3d mo. 28, 1743, d. 12th mo. 26, 1820, m. 5th mo. 24, 
1768, Nathan Cleaver, son of Peter and EHzabeth, of Upper 
Dublin ; and had issue 5 children : Phebe, m. Amos Griffith ; 
David ; Jonathan, m. Nancy Jones ; Nathan, m. Martha Shoe- 
maker ; Salathiel, m. Mary Shoemaker. 

36. Sarah, b. 7th mo. 17, 1745, d. 9th mo. 1837, unm. 

37. Ann, b. 2d mo. 14, 1748, d. loth mo. 15, 1808, m. 4th mo. 21, 

1774, Morgan Morgan ; and had issue 7 children : Benjamin, m. 
Tacy Stroud ; Elizabeth ; Sarah, m. Issachar Kenderdine ; Mor- 
gan, m. Ann Custer; Ann, m. John Ambler ; David, m. Sarah 
Kenderdine ; Mary. 

ij. Morton Albertson, Norristown, b. 1826, m. Sarah P. Lee, was son of Jacob 
and Martha. 

2 Charles Albertson, Philadelphia, b. 1833, m. Mercie Eastburn, was son of Benjamin 
and Amy. 

2 Cadwalader Foulke, recording his death (see p. 141 1, calls him "John Roberts 
Cadwalader," showing the persistency with which the Welsh names were maintained, 
in some cases. 


38. Jane, b. 3d mo. i, 1751, d. loth mo. 31, 1821, m. loth mo. 22, 
1778, David Shoemaker, and had issue 5 children: Ellen, m. 
Jonathan Taylor ; Margaret, m. Ezra Comfort, of Plymouth, 
preacher (b. 1777, d. 1847) ; John, d. in childhood ; Ann, m. 
Cadwalader Foulke (see Foulke Genealogy) ; Mary, m. John 
39. Mary, b. nth mo. 5, 1753, d. 9th mo. 23, 1786, m. 6th mo. 17, 
1777, Wilham Hallowell, son of Joseph, of Whitemarsh ; and 
had issue 5 children : John, m. Alice Potts ; Job, m. Hannah 
Thomas ; Sarah, m. Samuel Conrad ; William, m. Catharine 
Shoemaker and Jane Richards (born Walker) ; and one child, d, 
in infancy. 

40. Job, b. 1757, d. 1851, m. Mary Naylor. Sarah Thomas. ^ 

41. Jonah, b. 1760, d. 1761. 

IV. Child of John by 2d wife, Eleanor : 

42. Eleanor, b. 2d mo. 25, 1768, d. loth mo. i, 1812, m. loth mo. 15, 

1793, Richard Shoemaker, son of Ezekiel and Hannah, and had 
issue 5 children : John R. ; Hannah, m. Isaac W. Moore ; Job R. ; 
Ann, m. John Shay ; Charles. 

III. (23.) Eldad Roberts, of Montgomery, son of Rowland 
and Mary, b. 12th mo. 19, 171 3, d. 1789, m. ist, 1747, 
Elizabeth Mitchell, dau. of Richard, of Wrightstown, 
Bucks Co. (the marriage " very disagreeable to our disci- 
pline," says a minute of Gwynedd monthly meeting, — 
though all parties appear to have been Friends). Elizabeth 
d. 5th mo. 1760, and Eldad m. 2d. loth mo. 18, 1763, 
Jane Jones, dau. of Isaac, of Montgomery. By each wife 
Eldad had two children. His will, dated ist mo. 29, 1789, 
was probated March 26 of the same year, at Norristown. 
He gives his wife Jane all household goods, furniture, etc., 
"that she brought to me," and ;i^20 a year "in gold or 
silver." To his son Mordecai he leaves ^^"250 "in current 
gold," also his desk and silver watch ; to his dau. Elizabeth 


Mullen ;^I20, and his dau. Mary Roberts ^^150. To his 
son John (afterwards "Squire" John), "the plantation 
where I live," in Montgomery, 200 acres, also the residuary 
personal estate, and he to be executor of the will. 

IV. Children of Eldad and Elizabetli : 

43. John, b. 1750, d. 1823, unm. — See biographical sketch, and 
other details, elsewhere in this volume. 

44. Mordecai, b. 1753, m. Ellen Decker. P 

Children of Eldad and Jane : 

45. Elizabeth, b. 7th mo. 30, 1764, d. about 1818, m. about 1787, 
Isaiah Mullen, and moved to New Garden, Chester Co. ; had issue : 
Jane, m. Jacob Whiteman, of White Clay Creek, Del. ; Charles, 
m. Isabella Woodhouse ; Mary, m. Alexander Torbert ; Amy ; 
John ; Isaiah, m. Mary Ann C. Boyd, and went to Michigan. 

46. Mary, b. 3d mo. 23, 1766, d. ist mo. 1859 (bu. at Gwynedd, ist 
mo. 18). She lived with her uncle, Isaac Jones (usually called 
Isaac, Senior, though he was himself the son of Isaac), of Mont- 
gomery, and is elsewhere mentioned. 

IV. (25.) Cadwalader Roberts, of Montgomery, farmer, son 
of Robert and Sarah, b. loth mo. 18, 1743, d. 2d mo. 7, 
1 8 16, m. 5th mo. 24, 1768, Mary Shoemaker, dau. of 
Richard and Ann. (Mary b. 3d mo. 14, 1744, d. 12th mo. 
23, I795-) 

V. Children of Cadwalader attd Mary : 

47. Edward, b. 1771, d. 1850, m. Rebecca PhilUps. ^ 

48. Ezekiel, b. 1775, d. 1856, m. Ann Doyle. ^ 

49. Cadwalader, b. 1777, d. 1871, m. Ehzabeth Evans. ^ 

50. Joseph, b. 1779, d. 1859, m. Elizabeth Rubencamp. ^ 

51. Richard, b. 1782, d. i860, m. Mary Scott. ^ 

52. Agnes, b. 9th mo. 28, 1783, d. 3d mo. 29, 1872, m. Caleb Evans. 
(See Evans Genealogy.) 


53. Mary, b. 12th mo. 23, 1786, d. 8th mo. 2, 1830, m. 4th mo. 12, 
1808, Edward Spencer, son of Job and Hannah, of Horsham ; 
and had issue 2 children : Cadvvalader R. ; and Agnes S., m. 
Josiah E. Willis. 

IV. (27.) Joseph Roberts, of Montgomery, son of Robert and 
Sarah, b. 6th mo. 27, 1747, d. ist mo. 12, 1799. He is 
called " cordwainer " in a deed, 1769, when he bought of 
Henry McQuoin a farm on the Horsham road (known in 
later years as " White Cottage Farm "), in Montgomery. 
He was known as a man of unusual physical strength, but d. 
comparatively young, the tradition being that he injured 
himself by excessive effort, such as lifting a wagon, and 
removing a fallen tree from the road. He was twice 
married: ist, 5th mo. 22, 1770, to Sarah Shoemaker (b. 
6th mo. 30, 1748, d. 9th mo. 4th, 1771), dau. of Richard 
and Agnes; and 2d, 5th mo. 11, 1774, to Mercy Picker- 
ing, dau. of Isaac and Sarah, ^ of Solebury, Bucks Co. 
Mercy, b. 8th mo. 27, 1745, survived her husband thirty 
years, continuing the charge of her farm in her advanced 
age. (A note in the memorandum book of her son Joseph 
(No. ^^^ says: "8th mo. 27, 1825. — This day my mother 
is 80 years old. She attends entirely to the affairs of the 
family, such as getting meals, making bread, etc. She got 
dinner for Israel Lancaster and Isaiah Jones [visitors] , and 
for Hugh and myself." Again "8th mo. 27, 1826. — At 

1 Sarah Pickering was the dau. of Joseph Lupton, the elder, a weaver by occupa- 
tion, and a man of good education, who came from Yorkshire, England, and settled in 
Bucks county. He m., ist, Mercy Twining, from near Newtown, and 2d, Mary Picker- 
ing (b. Scarborough, widow Samuel, who came from England), and after this second 
marriage removed to Virginia. William, Samuel, and Grace Pickering, Mary's child- 
ren, also removed there. Grace Pickering m. in Virginia William Lupton, and lived 
in Frederick Co., in 1787, and their son Asa [or Asahel?], b. 1757, m. 1787, Hannah 
Hank, dau. of John, of Rockingham Co., Va., of the same family, probably, as Presi- 
dent Lincoln's mother and the Hanks mentioned in the Evans Genealogy, in this 


mother's. This day she was 8i years old. She attended to 
the affairs of the family, as usual ; health good, recollection 
sound.") Mercy d. of palsy, 2d mo. 14, 1829.^ 

1 In the volumes of Penna. Archives and Colo?iial Records, will be found details of 
a trying experience in Joseph's life. Petitions were presented to the Supreme Execu- 
tive Council of the State in January and March, 1783, asking the remission of a fine of 
^150 imposed upon Joseph Roberts, of Montgomery township, cordwainer. He had 
been convicted of a " misdemeanor," at a preceding Court of Oyer and Terminer, his 
offence being, as charged, " aiding British prisoners to escape." The first petition, 
dated " Montgomery, Jan. 27, 1783," recites that he has been adjudged to the payment 
of the fine — 

" for giving some Directions concerning their Road to a few travelers asking 

for them at his Door. That the said Travelers were absolute Strangers to your Peti- 
tioner, and neither from their Habit nor their discourse gave him any reason to suspect 
they were British soldiers. That your petitioner was wholly ignorant at this Time of 
any act of Assembly against giving Food or information of their Road to strangers 
requesting them, and so far from knowing that he thereby incurred a fine, that he 
believed he was only performing a common act of hospitality. That your petitioner is 
but a young Man and except his Trade and Industry has little in the world to support a 
wife and five children, who must with himself be reduced to great Distress, if not 
Ruin " [unless the fine be remitted] . 

Accompanying this petition was another from " Neighbors and Acquaintances of 
Joseph Roberts." The signers (whose names follow) " certify that he is a sober indus- 
trious young Man, of good Character among us ; and that we have no doubt of the 
truth of the several allegations " in his petition. 

Hezekiah Williams. Archibald McClean, Sur- David Evans. 

Ed. Bartholomew. geon, 1st Batt'n P. C. M. Caleb Foulke. 

Chas. Moore, M.D. William Mullen. Samuel Wheeler. 

Evan Jones. Charles Stedman. Zebulon Potts, Esq. 

Mordecai Moore. Eliz: Ferguson. Thos. Franklin. 

Wm. McClean. Robert Loller, Surveyor. 

Seth Quee, Esq. 
William Roberts. 

These petitions were read in the Council, Feb. 20, 1873, ^^d their prayer rejected. 
On March 18, other petitions were presented of hke character, one of them from prom- 
inent citizens of Philadelphia, supported by letters from Colonel William Bradford, jr. 
and from Chief Justice Thomas McKean. Colonel Bradford says he is informed from 
credible authority that Joseph had " sustained the character of a sober, industrious, and 
peaceable citizen, no ways inimical to the Liberties of America." The Chief Justice 
says that " he has heretofore supported the character of a quiet and inoffensive man, 
and that he has but little knowledge of public affairs, and is but a weak Politician." 

Upon this re-hearing of the case by the Council, the petition was granted, and the 
fine remitted. The costs of the trial, it appeared, were ^^32 13s. 6d. There were 
three indictments, and the witnesses were : Noah Lee, 7 days [attendance] ; James 
Burt, 7 days ; Ebenezer Archibald, 7 days. 



V. Children of Joseph and Sarah : 

54. Sarah, b. 8th mo. 27, 1771, d. loth mo. 31, 1854, m. 1st, at 
Gwynedd meeting, 5th mo. 28, 1793, Paul Conard, of Tredyffrin, 
by whom she had 4 children : Jesse, Mary, Sarah, and Rebecca ; 
and 2d, at Valley meeting, loth mo. 25, 181 5, Isaac Walker, 
son of Joseph and Sarah, by whom she had one son, Isaac R. 

Childreti of Joseph aiid Mercy : 

55. Isaac, b. 1775, d. 1851, m. AHce Comfort. ^ 

56. Jonathan, b. 4th mo. 19, 1777, d. 8th mo. 25, 1832, unm., of con- 

sumption, in Bucks co., " eight miles beyond Buckingham," and 
was bu. at Buckingham. A shoemaker by trade. 

57. Hugh, also a shoemaker, b. 3d mo. 28, 1779, d. 3d mo. 18, 1848, 
unm., and bu. at Gwynedd. 

58. George, b. 1781, d. 185 1, m. Phebe Scott. ^ 

59. John, b. 3d mo. 1783, d. same month. 

60. Charles, b. 1784, d. 1845, m. Hannah White, Anna Maria 
Hoskins. ^ 

61. Septimus, b. 9th mo. 30, 1786, d. ist mo. 6, 1826, unm. He was 
one of the earliest students at Westtown, his name being on the 
roll in 6th mo., 1803. Subsequently, from 5th mo , 1809, to 9th 
mo., 18 1 2, he was a teacher there. He also taught in Philadel- 
phia (previous to 1809), having charge of the Friends' school for 
colored children, and a portrait of him, by one of his pupils, is 
extant.^ He had gone to Mauch Chunk, as a clerk in the offices 
of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Co., and was living there 
when he d. of a hemorrhage. 

62. Mercy, b. 9th mo. 14, 1789, d. ist mo. 26, 1870, unm. 

63. Joseph, b. 3d mo. 22, 1793, d. 8th mo. 25, 1835, unm. 

IV, (33.) John Roberts, son of John and Jane, b. iith mo. 
28, 1738, d. nth mo. 8, 1824, m. 6th mo. 9, 1772, Eliza- 
beth Cleaver, dau. of Peter and Elizabeth, of Upper Dublin. 
(Elizabeth d. 5th mo. 24, 1808.) 

1 The original is in possession of Charles Roberts, of Philadelphia. It is a spirited 
picture, showing the costume of a plain young Friend of 1805, and interesting also as 
exhibiting the artistic talent of the colored lad who produced it. 



V. Children of John and Elizabeth : 

64. Peter, b. 4th mo. 7, 1773, d. 2d mo. 2, 1801, m. nth mo. 20, 

1800, Elizabeth Comfort, dau. of Ezra and Ahce ; no issue. (She 
subsequently m. Benjamin White.) 

65. Ruth, b. 8th mo. 28, 1775, d. 9th mo. 10, 1857, m. 5th mo. 17, 
1803, Jesse Ambler, son of John and Ann ; no issue. (Jesse, b. 
1777, d. 1851.) 

IV. (40.) Job Roberts, of Whitpain, son of John and Jane, b. 
3d mo. 23, 1757, d. 8th mo. 20, 185 1, m. ist, 5th mo. 22, 
1781, Mary Naylor (b. 1758, d. 1816); 2d, 10th mo. 12, 
1820, Sarah Thomas, widow (born Williams, dau. of 
Joseph). A biographical sketch of "Squire" Job will be 
found elsewhere in this volume. He had no children by 
his second wife. 

V. Children of Job and Mary : 

66. Hannah, b. 6th mo. 6, 1783, d. Sth mo. 23, 1785. 

67. Jane, b. 3d mo. i, 1785, d. 2d mo. i, 1847, m. 5th mo. 12, 1807, 
Charles Mather, son of Isaac and Mary ; and had issue : Job R., 
Mary Morris, Hannah B., m. John C. Lester, of Richland ; Jane, 
m. Benjamin G. Foulke, of Richland (see Foulke Genealogy) ; 
Susanna M., m. Samuel J. Levick ; Letitia, m. Wm. Walmsley ; 
Charles, Lydia T. 

IV. (44.) MoRDECAi Roberts, son of Eldad and Elizabeth, b. 
7th mo. II, 1753, m. Ellen Decker. The tradition is that 
MoRDECAi served in the Revolutionary army, probably as a 
private soldier, and that during the Battle of Germantown, 
in which he was engaged, his father, then an old man, lay 
on his bed at Montgomery, listening to the cannonade 
(which could be heard at that distance), in great distress of 
mind about " Mord." The monthly-meeting records have 
an entry in the nth mo., 1776, that Mordecai Roberts 


" has joined the mihtary men in their exercise, and wholly 
neglects the attendance of meetings." After carrying the 
case for some months, in the 6th mo., 1777 (four months 
before Germantown), the meeting disowned him. 

V. Children of Mordecai and Ellen : 

68. Eleanor. 

69. John, d. abt. 1833, unm. 

70. Eldad, d. 1843, m. Elizabeth Waters. ^ 

71. Medad, d. young. 

72. Mordecai, b. 1795, d. 1848, m. Rebecca Srope. ^ 

73. Charles, b. 1798, d. 1868, m. Mary E. Harrison.^ 

74. Martha, b. ist mo. 14, 1798, d. ist mo. 15, 1852, (buried at 
Hephzibah Church, Chester Co., Pa.) ; m., by Squire John 
Roberts, 2d mo. 8, 18 16, Benjamin Barnes, son of Jesse and 
Esther; 12 children. 

75. James. 

76. Mary, m. Frederick Wonerly. 
"J"]. Ann, m. James Bumbaugh. 

"Jiyi. Jane, b. 5th mo. 9, 1809, m. Davis Penegar, son of Amos and 
Hannah ; 10 children. 

V. (47.) Edward Roberts, son of Cadwalader and Mary, b. 3d 
mo. 9, 1 77 1, d. loth mo. 25, 1850, m. 1796, Rebecca 
Phillips, (b. 4th mo. 28, 1776, d. 12th mo. 10, 1859), 
dau. of David. He was a farmer, and settled, about 1795, 
at Catawissa, on the North Branch of the Susquehanna, in 
which locality many of his descendants now live. 

VI. Children of Edward and Rebecca : 

78. Cadwalader, b. 1800, d. 1876, m. Ann PhilHps. ^ 

79. Hannah, b. 1802, d. 1803. 

80. William, b. 7th mo. 15, 1804. 

81. Hannah, b. loth mo. 11, 1806, m. 2d mo. 16, 1832, Edward 
Shay, of Horsham; and had issue : John, b. 1835, d. 1894, m. 
Hannah Haupt. 


82. Edward J., b. 1808, m. Annie Bartholomew. ^ 

83. David, b. 181 1, d. 1877, m. Frances Sanders. ^ 

84. Stephen F., b. 18 14, m. Margaret M. George. ^ 

85. Josiah A., b. 1820, m. Anna M. Clewell. ^ 
85 X. Mary, b. and d. 1798. 

V. (48.) EzEKiEL Roberts, son of Cadwalader and Mary, b. 
I2th mo. 19, 1775, d. 2d mo. 13, 1856. He was a farmer, 
and removed first to near Toronto, Canada, where part of 
his family were born, then later to Ohio. He is buried at 
Belmont, O. He m. Ann Doyle (b. 8th mo. 28, 1777, d. 
2d mo. 2, 1827.) 

VI. Children of Ezekiel and Ann : 

86. Joseph, b. 1799, d. 1830, m. Esther Scott. ^ 

87. Mary, b. 2d mo. 27, 1801, d. 6th mo. 22, 1856, m. Abraham 

Griffith ; and had issue : Elma, m. John Cooper (Illinois) ; Anna 
R., m. Wm. Giffen, (Jackson Co., W. Va.) ; Rees L., m. Catha- 
rine Seal (Morning View, O.) ; Charles, m. Sarah J. Peck (New 
Jersey) ; Ruth, m. Reuben Creighton (Mt. Horeb, Ohio). 

88. Agnes, b. 3d mo. 4, 1803, d. ist mo. 23, 1888, (buried at Janes- 

ville, Iowa), m. Rees Larkin, and had issue 9 children, mostly 
settled in Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, and Illinois, with numerous 

89. George, b. 1805, d. 1827. (Bu. at Harrisville, O.) 

90. Charles, b. 1808, d. 1875, m. Sarah Harris. ^ 

91. John, b. 1810, d. 1887, m. Susanna Metz, EHzabeth B. Wilson. ^ 

92. Nancy, b. 6th mo. 14, 1812, d. 6th mo. 16, 1893, m. John Taggart 
(St. Clairsville, O.) ; and had issue 8 children, residents of Illinois, 
Ohio, and Minnesota. (Agnes D., m. Wm. P. Roberts, 193 this 

93. Esther, b. 181 5, d. 1878, m. David Smith, farmer, Belmont, Ohio, 

and had issue 7 children, residents of Ohio, Indiana, Iowa, 
Kansas, and Missouri. 

V. (49.) Cadwalader Roberts, of Gvvynedd, son of Cadwala- 
der and Mary, b, nth mo. 3, 1777, d. 2d mo. 19, 1871, m. 


1 2th mo. 14, 1802, Elizabeth Evans (b. 1781, d. 1842), 
dau. of Thomas and Elizabeth. Cadwalader was a tailor 
and farmer ; he is elsewhere mentioned in this volume. For 
many years he had charge of the meeting property at Gwyn- 
edd, and was sexton of the burial-ground. He lived on the 
turnpike below Acuff's, on a small farm which after his 
death was added by sale to the John Gilbert estate. 

VI. Children of Cadwalader and Elizabeth : 

94. Job, b. 1814, d. 1858, m. Hannah Pickering. ^ 
(Two children older than Job d. in infancy.) 

V. (50.) Joseph Roberts, son of Cadwalader and Mary, b. 
iith mo. 2, 1779, d. 4th mo. 11, 1859, n^- '^th mo. 24, 
1 80 1, Elizabeth Rubencamp (d. 1841). He was a farmer ; 
was buried at Horsham, Pa. 

VI Children of Joseph and Elizabeth : 

95. Agnes, b. 1S04, d. 1882, m. 1831, Jonathan Jarrett ; and had 
issue : J. Roberts, Elizabeth, Mary, Tacy A., m. Jesse Ambler. 

96. Charles, b. 1807, d. 1866, m. Sarah Ann Kenderdine. "^ 

97. Mary Ann, b. 1810, d. 1886, m. 1835, Henry Magee ; and had 
issue: Martha W., m. William Johnson; Charles R., Jane 
Elizabeth, Agnes J., m. Charles H. Kehr ; Jos. Roberts, m. Sarah 
McCarter ; Henry, m. Anna Sutton. 

98. Jesse, b. 1812, d. 1819. 

V. (51.) Richard Roberts, son of Cadwalader and Mary, b. 
ist mo. I, 1782, d. 9th mo. 17, i860, m. 5th mo. 14, 1805, 
Mary Scott, dau. of Alexander and Jane. (Mary b. 178 1, 
d. 1828, and bu. at Gwynedd.) Richard was a farmer; 
lived in Ohio ; was buried at Emerson, in that State. 
VI. Children of Richard and Mary : 

99. Israel, b. 1806, d. 1849, m. Sarah T. Ward. ^ 

100. Alexander Scott, b. 1809, d. about 1840, m. Mary Fort. ^ 


loi. Mary, b. 1811. 

102. Ezekiel, b. 1813, m. Eliza Ann Griffith, Eliz. P. Harrison. '^ 

103. John C, b. 181 5. 

104. Rowland, b. 1817, d. 1890, m. Mary Ann Humphreys. ^ 

105. Phebe, b. 1820, d. 1879, n^- William Waterman, Emerson, O. ; 
and had issue : George W. (Ohio) ; Israel R. (Penna.) ; Charles 
R. (Ohio). 

V. (55.) Isaac Roberts, of Whitemarsh, son of Joseph and 
Mercy, b. at Montgomery, 4th mo. 27, 1775, d. 8th mo. 13, 
185 1, m. 3d mo. 13, 1800, Alice Comfort, dau. of Ezra. 
(Alice b. 4th mo. 23, 1779, d. 2d mo. 22, 1841.) Isaac 
was a farmer ; both he and his wife were buried at Plymouth, 

VL Children of Isaac and Alice : 

106. Mercy, b. 6th mo. 3, 1801, d. 4th mo. 26, 1873. 

107. EHzabeth, b. 7th mo. 10, 1803, d. 12th mo. 23, 1825. 

108. Ezra, b. 1805, d. 1854, m. Lydia Passmore. P 

109. Charles W., b. 1807, d. 1893, m. Martha W. Walker. P 
no. f Joseph v., b. 6th mo. 16, 1810, d. 3d mo. 12, 1834. 

111. I Jacob, b. 1 8 10, d. 1893, m. Phebe Williams. ^ 

112. Isaac, b. 2d mo. i, 1814, m. 1850, Mary H. Bacon (b. 1818), 
dau. of John, of Greenwich, N. J. No issue. 

113. Hiram, b. 8th mo. 28, 1816 ; unm. 

114. Hannah, b. 4th mo. 30, 1819 ; d. 6th mo. 16, 1882. 

V. (58.) George Roberts, of Gwynedd, farmer, son of Joseph 
and Mercy, b. at Montgomery, 3d mo. 10, 1781, d. 6th mo. 
16, 185 1, m. 1 2th mo. 16, 1806, Phebe Scott, dau. of 
Alexander and Jane. (Phebe b. 1st mo. T2, 1783, d. 8th 
mo. 16, i860.) Both were buried in the ground near 
Penllyn, belonging to (O.) Friends. 

VI. Childre7t of George and Phebe : 

115. Jane, b. 6th mo. 22, 1809, d. 12th mo. 10, 1886, m. 12th mo. 18, 
1832, Jacob T. Lukens, son of William and Martha; and had 
issue ; Phebe, Willett, Martha T., m. Richard C. Shoemaker, and 


has issue; George R., Jonathan R., Elizabeth L., m. Jonathan P. 
Iredell, and has issue; Joseph R., Hannah W., Mary Anna. 

1 1 6. Jonathan b. 4th mo. 9, 181 1, d. 2d mo. 20, 1888, (bu. at Pen- 
llyn), unm. 

117. Elizabeth, b. 12th mo. 21, 181 7, d. 2d mo. 13, 1895. 

118. Joseph, b. 5th mo. 12, 1820, d. 4th mo. 8, 1889, (bu. Plymouth), 
m. 3d mo. 10, 1859, Alice P. Hallowell ; no issue. 

119. Septimus, b. 1826, d. 1895, m. Ellen H. Ambler. ^ 

V. (60.) Charles Roberts, of Philadelphia, son of Joseph and 
Mercy, b. at Montgomery, 7th mo. 26, 1784, d. 7th mo. 9, 
1845; rn-' ^st, nth mo i, 1810, Hannah White (b. 8th 
mo. 16, 1789, d. 1 2th mo. 4, 1830), dau. of Solomon, of 
Philadelphia; and 2d, loth mo. 16, 1834, Anna Maria 
HosKiNS (b. 7th mo. II, 1794, d. 12th mo. 5, 1869), dau. 
of Joseph, of Radnor. A sketch of Charles will be sepa- 
rately given in this volume. 

VI. Children of Charles and Hannah : 

120. Solomon W., b. 181 1, d. 1882, m. Anna S. Rickey, Jane E. 
Shannon. ^ 

121. Elihu, b. 18 13, d. 1885, m. Anne Pettit. ^ 

122. Samuel A., b. 1816, d. 1817. 

123. Caleb C, b. 182 1, m. Helen S. Bingham. ^ 

124. Henrietta, b. ist mo. 26, 1824, d. ist mo. 17, 1877 ; m. ist mo. 
9, 1854, Dr. Richard J. Levis, (b. 1827, d. 1890), a distinguished 
surgeon, of Philadelphia; and had issue : Anna R. (d) ; Louise, 
m. John Thompson, and has issue ; Mary H. (d ), Henrietta R. 
(d.), Minford, m. Marian Taylor, and has issue ; Alice (d.) 

V. (70.) Eldad Roberts, son of Mordecai and Ellen, d. about 
1843, m. Elizabeth Waters, who died 6th mo 25, 1847. 

VI. Children of Eldad and Elisabeth : 

125. Ellen, m. ist, Geo. Brookman, 2d, Thos. Waters. 

126. Mary, d. 4th mo. 14, 1851, m. Henry Townsley. and had issue. 


127. Rebecca, m. Levi Townsley. 

128. Joanna, m. Mason. 

129. Enos, m. 

V. (72.) MoRDECAi Roberts, tanner and currier, son of Mor- 
decai and Ellen, b. 5th mo. 27, 1795, d. 4th mo. 6, 1848, 
(buried at Baptistown, Hunterdon Co., N. J.), m. 8th mo. 
7, 18 19, before Squire John Roberts, Rebecca Srope, dau. 
Christopher and Thankful. (She b. 12th mo. 22, 1895, d. 3d 
mo. 7, 1857.) 

VL Children of Mordecai and Rebecca : 

130. Charles, b. 1820, m. Elizabeth AUer. ^ 

131. Sarah S., b. 1st mo. 29. 1822, d. 2d mo. 6, 1853, buried at 
Baptistown, N. J. 

132. John H., b. 1825, m. Caroline E. Wagner. ^ 

133. David S., b. 5th mo. 2, 1827, d. ist mo. 26, 1833. 

134. Mary Catharine, b. 9th mo. 18, 1829, d. 9th mo. 9, 1832. 

135. Samuel S., b. 9th mo. 14, 1832, d. loth mo. 3, 1865, (bu. at 
Baptistown, N. J.), unm. 

136. Rebecca EUzabeth, b. 8th mo. 25, 1837, m. ist mo. 25, i860, 
Harrison Carver, son of Jesse S. and Elizabeth, of Pineville, Pa., 
and has issue Hannah, m. George W. Massey. 

V- (73-) Charles Roberts, son of Mordecai and Ellen, b. ist 
mo, 14, 1798, d. 3d mo. 26, 1868, (bu. at Mount Union 
Cemetery, Allegheny City, Pa.), m. 3d mo. 31, 1822, Mary 
E. Harrison, b. 7th mo. 17, 1804, d. 7th mo. 21, 1889. 

VI. Children of Charles and Mary : 

137. John W., b. 1823, d. 1891, m. ist, Margaret Dysart, 2d, Harriet 
T. Mitchell. ^ 

138. Joseph L., b. 1825, m. Jane G. Ewing. ^ 

139. CaroHne H., b. loth mo. 12, 1832, d. 4th mo. 22, 1835. 

VI. (78.) Cadwalader Roberts, tailor, son of Edward and 
Rebecca, b. ist mo. 12, 1800, d. 5th mo. 20, 1876, m. loth 


mo. 25, 1842, Ann Phillips (b, 3d mo. 14, 18 19; d. 8th 
mo. 22, 1864). Cadwalader was buried at Catawissa, Pa. 

VII. Childreji of Cachualader and Ann : 

140. Rebecca A., b. loth mo. 16, 1845, d. 6th mo. 9, 1859. 

141. Edward C, b. 5th mo. 19, 1848, d. 2d mo. 4, 1866. 

142. David B., b. ist mo. 26, 1850, d. 2d mo. 22, 1877, m. Amanda 
Reedy, and had issue : Harry b. 1868. 

143. Ruth H., b. 9th mo. 24, 1853, d. 7th mo. 5, 1879, m. 4th mo. 7, 
1875, WiUiam U. John, farmer, of Bear Gap ; and had issue : 
Mary A., Rebecca A., Rachel E., Ruth H. 

144. Sarah E., b. 1858, m. 1880, James E. U. Crawford, and has issue. 

145. Rachel A., b. 1S60. 

VI. (82.) Edward J. Roberts, of Bloomfield, Ind., physician, 
son of Edward and Rebecca, b. 12th mo. 29, 1808, m. 
Annie Bartholomew. 

VII. Childreti of Edward and Amtie : 

146. Josiah, b. 1834, m. Lucinda Wonders. ^ 

147. Petrican, b. 2d mo. 27, 1837, d. 1864, (bu. Memphis, Tenn.) m. 
1862, Leah Miller, and had issu«. 

148. Charles H., b. 8th mo. 5, 1839, i^i- 1^66, Katie Shehen ; far- 
mer, Bloomfield, Ind. 

149. Caroline, b. 2d mo. 27, 1841, d. , m. 1871, James Doyle, 

and had issue. 

150. Cordelia, b. 6th mo. 8, 1843. 

151. Agnes B., b. 4th mo. 4, 1846, m. 5th mo. 22, 1871, Wm. Mc- 
Kendree, farmer, of Bloomington. Ind., and has issue : Wm. B., 
Edward D., Ashton W., and Annie L. 

152. Edward C, b. 5th mo. 24, 1849, m. 1879, Laura Nation. He is a 
physician at Bloomfield, Ind., and has issue. 

153. Josephine, b. ist mo. 8, 1851, m, 1869, W. M. Figg, farmer, and 
has issue. 

153^. Letitia (twin with above), b. ist mo. 8, 1851, d. 1880, m. 1867, 
David Hunter, farmer, and had issue. 

154. Hannah, b. 9th mo. 15, 1854, m. 1873, G. T. Clark, farmer, and 
has issue. 


155. Villary, b, 4th mo. 8, 1859,111. 6th mo. 27, 1885, Henry Clay 
Kindred, son of Thos. and has issue. He is a stock dealer of 
Worthington, Ind. 

VI. (83.) David Roberts, mason, son of Edward and Rebecca, 
b. 8th mo. 19, 181 1, m. 1835, Frances Sanders (b. 18 17). 
VII. Children of David and Frances : 

156. Alfred, b. 1837, m. Eliz. R. Rishel, and has issue. V> 

157. Rebecca R., b. 1839, m. 1865, Aaron Sechler ; and has issue. 

158. Hannah, b. 1842, m. Geo. W. Mowrer ; and has issue. 

159. Josiah R., b. 1844, m. Eliz. J. Clawson ; and has issue, Fannie M. 

160. John E., b. 1847, m. Lavina Derling ; and has issue. ^ 
160^, Clarence, b. 1849, d. 1851. 

161. Margaret S., b. 185 1, m. Peter A. Rishel ; and has issue. 

162. Fannie Agnes, b. 1854, m. Theodore C. Reese, (Alexandria, Pa.) ; 
and has issue. 

163. Sarah E., b. 1857. 

164. Martha Jane, b. i860. 

165. William A., b. 1863. 

VI. (84.) Stephen F. Roberts, farmer, son of Edward and 
Rebecca, b. 7th mo. 10, 18 14, m. 1847, Margaret M. 
George, dau. Stephen ; residence, Danville, Pa. 

VII. Children of Stephen F. aftd Margaret : 

166. Eli W., m. Kate Machimer. 

167. George E., m. Ella M. Jacobs. 

VI. (85.) Josiah A. Roberts, of Rupert, Columbia Co., Pa., 
son of Edward and Rebecca, b. Feb. 2. 1820, m. 1845, 
Anna M. Clewell. 

VII. Children of Josiah A. and Anna M. : 

168. WiUiam H., b. 1846, m. Ellen Barndt, and has issue. ^ 

169. Harvey, b. 1848, m. Maria L. Fenstermacher. 

170. Arthur, b. 1850, m. Mary E. Rauch, and has issue, Lillie V. 

171. Sarah A., b. 1852, m. Charles Decker, and has issue. 





Edward, b. 1854, m. Rettie Lewis, and has issue. 
Anna M., b. 1857. 
David, b. 1857. 
r Clarence, b. i860. -> 
\ Clay, b. i860. V Died in infancy. 

^ Clara, b. i860. J Died in infancy. 
Joseph E., b. 1862. 

VI. (86.) Joseph Roberts, of Ohio, son of Ezekiel and Anne, 
b. nth mo. 5, 1799, d- 7th mo. 1830, m. Esther Scott, 
(b. 1809, d. 1883). 

VII. Child of Joseph and Esther : 

179. Amanda, b. 1830, m. Jephtha Kinsey, and has issue. 

VI. (90.) Charles Roberts, of Iowa, farmer, son of Ezekiel 
and Ann, b. ist mo. 19, 1808, d. ist mo. 23, 1875, m. Sarah 
Harris, dau. John and Frances. He is buried at Chariton, 
Iowa. They had issue 13 children, of whom two d. in 

VII. Chz/dren of Charles and Sarah : 

180. John, m. Mary Barrett, Sarah A. McKee ; and has issue. ^ === 
181. Martha A., m. Jas. H. Lounsberry ; and has issue. == 182. 
Levi m. Mary J. Rogers ; and has issue. ^===: 183. Ezekiel, m. 
Samantha Jackson ; and has issue. ^== 184. Theudas H., m. 
Mary A. Noe.=^ 185. Wright, m. Samantha Severe ; and has 
issue. ^ == 186. Frances M., d.== 187. Esther A., d. == 
188. Emanuel N., m. Eleanor Frazier ; and has issue, Nellie F. 
== 189. Charles H., m. Mary Catharine Hogan ; and has 
issue. ^=1= 190. Edwin, d. === 191. Amanda, m. John D. 
Oden ; and has issue. == 192. Sarah J., m. Anthony M. James ; 
and has issue. 

[These families lived, 1883, in Iowa and Missouri.] 

VI. (91.) John Roberts, manufacturer, Henry, III, son of Eze- 
kiel and Ann, b. 18 10, d. 1887, m. 1837, Susanna Metz ; 


and, 1857, Elizabeth B. Wilson. By his first wife he had 
issue six children, who all d. in childhood. 

VI. (94.) Job Roberts, farmer, son of Cadwalader and Eliza- 
beth, b. at Gwynedd, 4th mo. i, 1814, d. 8th mo. 31, 1858, in 
Harford Co., Md. (bu. at Fallston Friends' ground). He m., 
9th mo. 19, 1844, Hannah Pickering (b. 7th mo. 23, 1811 ; 
d. 1 2th mo. 22, 1884), dau. of Yeomans, of Bucks Co. 

P77. Children of Job and Hannah : 

193. William P., b. 6th mo. 16, 1845, "i- 1869, Anna M. Pugh, (b. 
1846, d. 1870), dau. of Abner, of Oxford, Pa. ; 2d, 1876, m. 
Agnes D. Taggart, (b. 1854, d. 1895), dau. of John, of St. 
Clairsville, Ohio, (see No. 92, this Genealogy), by whom he has 
issue: Horace W., b. 1877, Roy G., b. 1880. William gradu- 
ated, 1869, from the Law Dep't, Univ. of Michigan ; served in 
Union Army, in 47th Regt. P. V. M., and as officer 45th Regt. 
U. S. Colored Troops. He is a member of the bar, Minneapolis, 

194. EUwood P., b. 9th mo. 30, 1847, d. nth mo. 23, 1864, in U. S. 
Military Hospital, Philadelphia, member 195th Regt. P. V. (Bu. 
at Gwynedd.) 

195. Horace W., b. 12th mo. 5, 1850, d. 4th mo. 15, 1885, bu. 
Phoenix, Arizona, m. loth mo. 17, 1877, Edith R. Hooper. 

196. Richard J., b. 1854, m. 1880, Martha C. Shoemaker. 

VI. (96.) Charles Roberts, of Upper Dublin, farmer, son of 
Joseph and Elizabeth, b. 1807, d. 1866, m. Sarah Ann Ken- 
DERDiNE (b. 1807, d. 1 871). 

VI L Children of Charles attd Sarah A. : 

197. Elizabeth, b. 1832, d. 1862, unm. 

198. Guhelma, b. 1834, d. 1865, without issue, m. Edwin Thomas. 

199. Jesse, b. 1837, d. 1892, m. Sarah E. Skirving, and has issue. ^ 

200. George K., b. 1840, m. Elizabeth E. Shaw, and has issue. ^ 

201. Richard K., b. 1843, m. Ruth A. Michener, and has issue, 
David P., b. 1880, d. 1884; Wilham E., b. 1881. 


202. Anna J., b. 1845, d, 1866, unm. 

203. Joseph, b. 1848, m. Mary W. Evans (see No. 242 Evans, Geneal- 
ogy), and has issue. ^ 

VI. (99.) Israel Roberts, of Ohio, merchant, son of Richard 
and Mary, b. 1806, d. 1849, m. 1832, Sarah T. Ward (b, 
1809, d. 1880). Israel bu. Emerson, Ohio. 

VII. Children of Israel and Sarah T. : 

204. Frances L., Chicago, 111., b. 1834.=:= 205. Josephine, b. 1838, 
m. Eber B. Ward, (Capt. 34th 111. Vols., d. 1863) ; and has 
issue. ==206. Allen W., d. in infancy. == 207. Mary A., b. 
1842, d. 1855. 

VI. (100.) Alexander Scott Roberts, son of Richard and 
Mary, b. 1809, d. about 1840, Captain III. troops in Black 
Hawk War, d. in Texas, m. Mary Fort ; and had issue : (208) 

Amanda, (Liberty, Texas), dec'd about i860, m. Young, 

and had issue. 

VI. (102.) Ezekiel Roberts, of Ohio, son of Richard and 
Mary, b. 18 13, a minister in the Society of Friends, m. 1841, 
Eliza Ann Griffith (b. 18 17, d. 1867), and, 2d, 1876, 
Elizabeth P. Harrison (b. 1820, d. 1895). Issue by his 
first wife : (209) Richard E., b. 1843, m. 1870, Mira G. Smithy 
and had issue, Charles T., b. 1871, d. 1876. 

VI. (104.) Rowland Roberts, of Short Creek, O., miller, son 
of Richard and Mary, b. 1817, d. 1890, m. 1843, Mary Ann 
Humphreys (b. 1819, d. 1893). Rowland bu. New Sharon, 

VII. Children of Rowland and Mary Ann : 

210. Charles H., b. loth mo. 11, 1847. Lawyer, Chicago. 

211. Sarah Irene, b. 7th mo. 4, 1849, m. John Nelson Landis, and 
has issue. 


212. Richard A., b. ist mo. 25, 1852, d. 7th mo. i, 1888, m. loth 
mo. 22, 1874, Katherine Pleasant Barnes. 

213. Mary Eliza, b. loth mo. 29, 1857. 

214. Agnes Evans, b. 4th mo. 16, i860, d. 8th mo. 22, 1886. 

VI. (108.) Ezra Roberts, son of Isaac and Mercy, b. 9th mo. 
5, 1805, d. loth mo. 27, 1854, m. ist mo. 12, 1835, Lydia 
Passmore, dau. of Thomas and Esther, and had issue : 

V//. Child of Ezra and Lydia : 
21 $a. Charles, b. 3d mo. 17, 1836. 

VI. (109.) Charles W. Roberts, of West Chester, Pa., son of 
Isaac and AUce, b. 1807, d. 1893, m. 1845 Martha W. 
Walker (b. 1808, d. 1877), widow, dau. of James Cresson. 

V//. Children of Charles IV. and Martha IV. : 

215. Martha C, b. 1847.== 216. James C, b. 1848, d. 1895, m. 
Elizabeth L. Garrett, and had issue, Charles C, b. 1873 ; Isaac 
G., b. 1875. ==: 217. Mercy Anna, b. 1851. 

VI. (ill.) Jacob Roberts, of Chester Co., Pa., son of Isaac and 
AUce, b. 1 8 10, d. 1893, m. 1837, Phebe (b. 18 10, 
d. 1893, an esteemed minister among Friends). 

V//. Children of facob and Phebe : 
218. Josiah A., b. 1837.=^ 219. Joseph, b. 1840.== 220. Hannah 
W., b. 1842, d. 1894.==: 221. Ahce, b. 1844, d. 1876.== 
222. Sarah W., b. 1847. 

VI. (119.) Septimus Roberts, of Worcester, son of George and 
Phebe, b. 7th mo. 15, 1826, d. nth mo. 16, 1895, m. 3d 
mo. 12, 1857, Ellen H. Ambler, dau. of David and 

VII. Children of Septimus and Ellen H. : 
223. Phebe A., b. 1858, m. 1885, Thomas J. Meyers, and has issue. 
=:=224. Margaret A., b. i860, d. 1862.=:= 235. Elizabeth, 


b. 1863, m. William G. Raiford, of Berlin, Va., and has issue. 
226. Sue A., b. 1867.== 227. Jane L., b. 1872. 

VI. (120.) Solomon W. Roberts, of Philadelphia, civil engi- 
neer, son of Charles and Hannah, b. 8th mo. 3, 181 1, d. 3d 
mo. 22, 1882, m. 1st, 185 1, Anna S. Rickey (b. 1827, d. 
1858), dau. of Randall H. ; 2d, 1865, Jane E. Shannon 
(b. 1834, d. 1869), dau. of Ellvvood. After some prepara- 
tory education in Philadelphia, Solomon went, at sixteen 
years old, to Mauch Chunk, where he was, first, an assistant 
to his uncle, Josiah White, then directing the works of the 
Lehigh Navigation Co., and later served as assistant engineer 
on the canal, which in the autumn of 1829 was opened from 
Mauch Chunk to Easton. (In the spring of 1827, when 
the railroad at Mauch Chunk, from Summit Hill down to the 
river, was opened, he rode on the first train, it being the first 
railway train run in Penna.) Entering the State service, he 
had charge of the construction of a division of the canal on 
the Conemaugh, and then was principal assistant to Sylvester 
Welch in locating and constructing the Portage railroad over 
the Alleghenies. His division, on the west side, included a 
tunnel, 901 feet long, the first railroad tunnel in America; 
and the splendid stone viaduct over the Conemaugh near 
Johnstown, now used by the Penna. R. R., is his design and 
construction. • Remaining in the State service until 1836,^ he 
visited Europe^ and upon returning was chief engineer of the 

[1 Note, 1896. This splendid bridge was destroyed by the terrible flood in the 
Conemaugh, May 31, 1889.] 

* See his Reminiscences of this period, Penna. Mag., Vol. IL 

* During his stay in Wales, he learned from George Crane, the famous ironmaster 
of Yniscedwin, near Swansea, the process of smelting ore by anthracite and hot blast, 
and this, communicated by him to Josiah White, led to the establishment of the great 
Crane Iron Works, at Catasauqua. 


Catawissa Railroad from 1838 to 1841 ; president of the 
Philad'a, Germ'n & Norr'n R. R. in 1842 ; president of the 
Schuylkill Navigation Co. from 1843 to 1846 ; member of 
Penna. Legislature in 1848 ; and from 1848 to 1856 engaged 
in locating, constructing, and operating the railroad (now the 
E. division of the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago) from 
Pittsburg to Crestline. In 1856 he returned to Philadelphia 
to live, and being then chosen chief engineer and general 
superintendent of the North Penna. railroad, retained the 
place twenty -two years, and resigned in January, 1879.1 He 
was a member of the American Philosophical Society, and 
active in the work of the Franklin Institute ; a great reader, 
he wrote verse with facility, and took a deep interest in art. 
(In his youth he had painted a portrait in oil, of his mother, 
and had a different direction been given his talents, he might 
have made a fine artist.) 

VII. Children of Solomon W. and Anna : 

228. Anna H., b. 12th mo. 12, 1851, d. 9th mo. 28, 1886, m. ist mo. 
26, 1886, Dr. John B. Roberts (237). 

229. Alfred R., b. 3d mo. 14, 1853, A. B., Haverford College, 1871, 
m. 4th mo. 15, 1880, Emily I. Lewis, and has issue, Sidney L., 
b. 1 2th mo. 9, 1 88 1. 

230. Elizabeth W. , b. 7th mo. 5, 1854, d. 3d mo. 26, 1855. 

231. Edith C, b. i2thmo. 11, 1855, d. 12th mo. 7, 1879. 

232. Arthur W., b. 8th mo. 8, 1858, d. 9th mo. 13, 1858. 

Children of Solomon IV. and Jane : 

233. EUwoodS., b. 8th mo. 11, 1866, d. 7th mo. 16, 1869.:== 234. 
Mary E., b. 8th mo. i, 1867. 

VI. (121.) Elihu Roberts, of Philadelphia, son of Charles and 
Hannah, b. loth mo. 2, 1813, d. 12th mo. 23, 1885, m. loth 
mo. 10, 1838, Anne Pettit (b. 3d mo. 11, 18 17), dau. of 
Woodnutt, of Salem, N. J. 

1 See sketch of his work, Railway World, Philad'a, Feb. 1879. 


VII. Children of Elihu and Anne : 

235. Charles, b. 8th mo. 21, 1846, A. B., Haverford College, 1864, 
m. I ith mo. 23, 1892, Lucy Branson Longstreth, dau. of Thomas 
Branson. Member Common Council, Philadelphia, Prest. Spring 
Garden Insurance Company. 

236. Hannah White, b. nth mo. 30, 1848, d. 3d mo. 20, 1890, m. 
1880, Dr. Chas. E. Hopkins, of Philadelphia ; and had issue : 
Chas. R., b. 1884. 

[Two children (Charles E., b. 1841, Woodnutt P., b. 1845) d. in 

VI. (123.) Caleb C. Roberts, of Philadelphia, son of Charles 
and Hannah, b. nth mo. 6, 1821, m. i ith mo. 15, 1849, 
Helen S., dau. of Col. John Bingham. 

VII. Children of Caleb C. a?id Helen S. : 

237. John B., physician, A. M., University of Pennsylvania, b. 2d 
mo. 29, 1852, m. ist mo. 26, 1886, Anna H. Roberts (228), 
President Philadelphia County Medical Society, and Medical So- 
ciety State of Pennsylvania ; Author of Modern Surgery, Pro- 
fessor of Surgery Woman's Medical College, and in Philadelphia 
PolycUnic and College of Graduates in Medicine, of which he 
is President. 

238. Mary B., b. 7th mo. 11, 1853, m. 12th mo. 6, 1876, Theodore 
Kitchen, Cashier of Central National Bank of Philadelphia, and 
has issue. 

VI. (130.) Charles Roberts, of Lambertville, N. J., son of 
Mordecai and Rebecca, b. 4th mo. 21, 1820, m. 9th mo. 18, 
1844, Elizabeth Aller, dau. of Peter. He is agent of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company at Lambertville. 

VII. Children of Charles and Elizabeth : 

239. Judson, of N. Y., b. 6th mo. 30, 1846, m. 3d mo. 28, 1877, 
Mary S. Fronefield, and had issue, Edna, dec'd. 

240. Isaac S., b. 1849, m. Frances Ameha BuUman. ^ 

VI. (132.) John H, Roberts, of Lambertville, N. J., son of 


Mordecai and Rebecca, b. ist mo. 3, 1825, m. 12th mo. 26, 
1854, Caroline E. Wagner, dau. of William. 

VIL Children of John H. and Caroline : 

241. Ellwood, b. 3d mo. 29, 1856. 

242. Laura, b, 2d mo. 13, 1858, d. 3d mo. 25, 1859. 

VI. (137.) John W. Roberts, of Pittsburg, Pa., son of Charles 
and Mary E., b. 9th mo. 18, 1823, d. 2d mo. 14, 1891, m. ist, 
5th mo. 13, 1841, Margaret Dysart ; m. 2d, 5th mo. 23, 
1869, Harriet T. Mitchell. 

VIL Childre7i of John W. and Margaret : 

243. Mary, b. 7th mo. 17, 1843, d. ist mo. 8, 1844. 

244. Isabella R., b. nth mo. 2, 1844, d. 9th mo. 19, 1869, m. 6th 
mo. 23, 1864, Andrew Jackson Lane ; and had issue. 

245. Joseph, b. ist mo. 31, 1847, d. 7th mo. 28, 1847. 

246. Richard H., b. 9th mo. 15, 1848, d. 6th mo. 12, 1871. 

247. Edward, b. 3d mo. 10, 1851, d. 4th mo. 6, 1852. 

248. Charles, b. ist mo. 29, 1854, m. 7th mo. 17, 1874, Lizzie A. 
Davis, of Zanesville, O. 

249. WinfieldS., b. 3d mo. 6, 1857, m. 6th mo. 25, 1878, Sarah 
Jane Stevens. ^ 

VI. (139.) Joseph L. Roberts, of Trout Lake, Colorado, son 
of Charles and Mary E., b. 3d mo. 8, 1825, m. 8th mo. 31, 
1848, Jane G. Ewing. 

VII. Children of Joseph L. and Jatte : 

250. Charles, b. nth mo. 20, 1851, d. loth mo. 8, 1872. 

251. Mary, d. 3d mo. 2, 1858. 

252. Homer, b. ist mo. 17, 1859. Residence, Cleveland, Ohio. 

253. Andrew M., b. 7th mo. 20, 1861. Residence, Sharon, Penna. 

254. Joseph L., b. 12th mo. 5, 1867. 

VII. (146.) JosiAH Roberts, of Nickel Plate, Indiana, farmer, 
son of Edward J. and Annie, b. loth mo. 11, 1834, m. 3d 
mo. 6, 1855, Lucinda Wonders. 


VIII. Children of Josiah and Lucinda : 

255. Charles Enos, b. nth mo. 19, 1859. 

256. Mary Ann, b. 2d mo. 2, 1862, m. 2d mo. 23, 1883, Pleasant 
Monroe Thompson. 

257. EUza Bell, b. 2d mo. 8, 1864. 

258. Lurena, b. 6th mo. i, 1868. 

VII. (156.) Alfred Roberts, of Danville, Pa., mason, son of 
David and Frances, b. 7th mo. 12, 1837, "^- 12th mo. 21, 
1 86 1, Elizabeth R. Rishel. 

VIII. Children of Alfred and Elizabeth : 

259. Stephen A., b. 7th mo. 22, 1862. 

260. Horace, b. 7th mo. 9, 1866, d. 9th mo. 11, 1867. 

261. Leander R., b. 9th mo. 6, 1867. 

262. John S., b. 7th mo. 12, 1871, d. 2d mo. 4, 1872. 

263. David, b. 4th mo. 30, 1873, d. 5th mo. i, 1873. 

VII. (160.) John E. Roberts, of Danville, Pa., bricklayer, son 
of David and Frances, b. 2d mo. 12, 1847, m. Lavina 

VIII. Children of fohn E. and Larnna : 

264. Hannah Gertrude, b. loth mo. 20, 1874. 

265. Edwin S., b. ist mo. 22, 1877. 

266. Hurley, b. 12th mo. 26, 1880. 

VII. (168.) William H. Roberts, of Catawissa, Pa., farmer, 
son of Josiah A. and Anna M., b. 4th mo. 28, 1846, m. 
9th mo. 21, 1869, Ellen Barndt, dau. Charles. 

VIII. Children of William H. and Ellen : 

267. Charles A., b. 5th mo. 10, 1869. 

268. Josiah E., b. 8th mo. 21, 1871. 

269. Frank H., b. 9th mo. 12, 1873. 

270. Andrew R., b. nth mo. 28, 1875. 

271. Anna M., b. 5th mo. 7, 1878. 


272. Elizabeth A., b. 6th mo. 5, 1880. 

273. Martha M., b. 8th mo. 17, 1882. 

274. Bertha A., b. 9th mo. 7, 1883. 

VII. (172.) Edward Roberts, son of Josiah A. and Anna M., 
b. 9th mo. 21, 1854, m. 8th mo. 30, 1879, Rettie Lewis. 

VIII. Children of Edward and Rettie : 

275. elide, b. 5th mo. i, 1880. 

276. William L., b. ist mo. 2, 1883. 

VII. (180.) John Roberts, of Nebraska, a pioneer in that State, 
son of Charles and Sarah, b. 1831, m. Mary Barrett (d. 
1853), and, 2d, Sarah A. McKee. 

VIII. Child of John and Mary : 

277. Mary, b. 1853, m. Charles Martley. 

Children of Johti and Sarah A.: 
T.'jZ. Charles H., b. 1855. == 279. S. EHzabeth, m. Charles S. 
Wright, and 2d, George O. Hofifman.==: 280. I. Frances, m. 
Henry Christie. ==== 281. E. Dell. ==: 282. Eda B. (twin with 
preceding), m. Chas. W. Fleming. ^= 283. John, d.=:= 284. 
D wight J. 

VII. (182.) Levi Roberts, of Windham, Iowa, farmer, son of 
Charles and Sarah, b. ist mo. 10, 1834, m. Mary J. Rogers. 

VIII. Children of Levi and Mary : 

285. George D., b. nth mo. 28, 1859. 

286. Charles C, b. 8th mo. 2, 1861. 

287. Mary F., b. 4th mo. 27, 1863. 

288. Sarah C, b. 5th mo. 17, 1865, m. Henry Keaffering. 

289. John D., b. 9th mo. 18, 1867. 

290. Theudas H., b. loth mo. 6, 1869, d. 7th mo. 14, 1871. 

291. Levi W., b. 5th mo. 27, 1870. 

292. M. Myrtle, b. 3d mo. 21, 1874. 


VII. (183.) EzEKiEL Roberts, of Monroe, Iowa, butcher, son 
of Charles and Sarah, b. 6th mo. 22, 1835, d. 3d mo. 2, 
1883, m. Samantha Jackson. 

VIII. Children of Ezekiel and Samantha : 

293. Frank E., b. 3d m. 9, 1861, m. H. Ada Huddleston. 

294. J. Fred., b. 7th mo. 31, 1869. 

295. Charles V., b. 4th mo. 8, 1874. 

VII. (185.) Wright Roberts, of Akron, Mo., farmer, son of 
Charles and Sarah, b. nth mo. 7, 1838, m. 9th mo. i, 1863, 
Samantha Severe ; served in the Union Army. 
VIII. Children of Wright and Samantha : 

296. Carley L., b. 6th mo. 28, 1865, d. loth mo. 16, 1866. 

297. Cora A., b. 8th mo. 18, 1867, m. 9th mo. i, 1886, Wm. McFall. 

298. Jennie L., b. nth mo. i, 1870. 

299. Dwight B., b. loth mo. 30, 1878, d. 12th mo. 11, 1882. 

300. Lloyd Severe, b. 3d mo. 5, 1884. 

VII. (189.) Charles H. Roberts, of Akron, Mo., farmer, son of 
Charles and Sarah, b. 9th mo. 11, 1845, d. 3d mo. 18, 1883, 
m. 1866, Mary Catharine Hogan. 

VIII. Children of Charles H. and Mary C. : 

301. James M., b. 3d mo. 18, 1868, m. Minerva Booth. 

302. Jennie L., b. 12th mo. 7, 1872. 

303. Esther, b. 7th mo. 16, 1875, d. 7th mo. 26, 1875. 

304. Emma A., b. 3d mo. 14, 1881. 

VII. (199.) Jesse Roberts, of Jarrettown, Pa., farmer, son of 
Charles and Sarah A., b. 2d mo. 13, 1837, d. ist mo. 24, 
1892, m. 3d mo. 7, 1864, Sarah E. Skirving, dau. John ; 
served in Union Army. 

VIII. Children of Jesse and Sarah E. : 

305. Alices., b. 12th mo. 19, 1865. 

306. Charles R., b. 3d mo. 11, 1867, m. ist mo. 14, 1892, Ida F. 


307. John J., b. 5th mo. 6, 1869. 

308. Mary E., b. 12th mo. 21, 1871. 

309. Sarah E., b. ist mo. 19, 1876. 

VII. (200.) George K. Roberts, sometime of Phoenixville, mer- 
chant, son of Charles and Sarah A., b. 5th mo. 5, 1840, m. 
3d mo. 24, 1868, Elizabeth E. Shay ; served as Sergeant, ist 
New Jersey Cavalry during the war for the Union. 

VI IL Childre7t of George K. and Elizabeth E. : 

310. J. Paul, b. 4th mo. 2, 1869. 

311. F. Walter, b. 8th mo. 26, 1871. 

312. Amelia S., b. loth mo. 3, 1881. 

VII. (203.) Joseph Roberts, sometime of Carversville, Pa., 
farmer, son of Charles and Sarah A., b. 9th mo. 1 1, 1848, m. 
3d mo. 3, 1870, Mary W. Evans, dau. of Wm. R. (No. 177, 
Evans Genealogy), 

VIII. Children of Joseph and Mary W. : 

313. William E., b. 3d mo. 20, 1871. 

314. Howard W., b. loth mo. 14, 1872. 

315. Iden F., b. ist mo. 22, 1875. 

316. Irven J., b. ist mo. 22, 1875. 

317. Jesse C, b. 4th mo. 24, 1884. 

VII. (240.) Isaac S. Roberts, of New York, son of Charles and 
Elizabeth A., b. ist mo. 19, 1849, m. loth mo. 25, 1871, 
Frances Amelia Bullman, dau. of Daniel. 

VIII. Children of Isaac S. and Frances Afuelia : 

318. Charles Judson, b. 12th mo. 14, 1872, d. ist mo. 22, 1876. 

319. Mary Aller, b. 2d mo. 24, 1877. 

320. Helen Maxwell, b. 8th mo. 15, 1884, 



VII. (249.) WiNFiELD S. Roberts, of Bennett, Pa., son of John 
W. and Margaret D., b. 3d mo. 6, 1857, m. 6th mo. 25, 
1878, Sarah Jane Stevens. 

VIII. Children of Winfield S. and Sarah Jane : 

321. John S., b. 4th mo. 16, 1879. 

322. Allen M., b. 2d mo. 19, 1881. 

323. Elsie R., b. 7th mo. 17, 1883. 

324. Winfield S., b. 7th mo. 25, 1888. 

325. Alida, b. 7th mo. 25, 1889. 


Foulke Family Genealogy. 

THE details concerning Edward Foulke's ancestry, his re- 
moval, etc., have already been fully given.* It is intended 
in this chapter to present what is known to the author concern- 
ing his descendants. 

Genealogical Sketch. 

I. (i.) Edward Foulke, of Gwynedd, immigrant from Wales, 
1698, b. 5th mo. 13, 165 1, d. 174.1. (There is also a state- 
ment that he was 88 yrs. 5 mos. old at his death, which, the 
date of his birth being fixed according to his own narrative, 
in 165 1, would place his death in 1739.) He m. Eleanor 
Hugh, dau. of Hugh Cadwalader. She d. at Gwynedd in the 
1st mo., 1733. 

//. Children of Edward and Eleaftor: 

2. Thomas, d. 1762, m. Gwen Evans. ^ 

3. Hugh, b. 1685, d. 1760, m. Ann Williams. ^ 

4. Cadwallader, b. 1691, d. 1743, m. Mary Evans. ^ 

5. Evan, d. 1745, m. Ellen Roberts, Anne Coulston. ^ 

6. Gwen, m. loth mo. 6, 1703, Alexander Edwards, jun., son of 
Alexander Edwards, of Montgomery twp. , and had five children, 
surnamed Edwards : Edward, Alexander, Thomas, Joseph, and 
Jane. She survived her husband, as is shown by mention of 
her in her brother Thomas's will. 

• ' See anie'p. 32, ei seq. 


7. Grace, m. 3d mo. 6, 1707, John Griffith, eldest son of Griffith 
John, of Merion, and had issue, surname Griffith : Griffith, John, 
Evan, Susanna. 

8. Jane (her birth is given in the Exeter monthly meeting records 
as nth mo. 10, 1684, but this clashes with the date assigned as 
the birth of her brother Thomas, by other authority, — 6th mo. 7, 
1685). She m. 4th mo. 5, 1713, Ellis Hugh (Hughes), son of 
John Hugh, of Gwynedd. They removed to Oley, now Berks 
county. ' ' From them are descended the numerous families of 
that name spread through Oley, Exeter, Maidencreek, and the 
settlements on the north branch of the Susquehanna." Jane d. 
8th mo. 7, 1766, at the home of her son-in-law, Samuel Lee, in 
Oiey. She had been " an Elder of Exeter m. m. for about thirty 
years." Her husband, Ellis, b. 1687, d. ist mo. 11, 1764. 
Exeter records show the following children of this couple : John, 
b. 3d mo. 19, 1714, m. Hannah Boone; William, b. 1716, m. 
Amy Willits ; Rowland, b. 1720, d. 1738, unm. ; Samuel, b. 
1722, d. 1796, m. Elizabeth Willets, Margaret May ; Edward, b. 

1724, d. 1791, m. Elizabeth ; Margaret, b. 1726, d. 1810, 

m. Samuel Lee. 

9. Catharine, m. 4th mo. 5, 1713, Theophilus Williams, son of 
John, of Montgomery, and had issue, surname Williams : John, 
Benjamin, Mary, Eleanor. 

10. Margaret, m. 3d mo. 23, 1717, Nicholas Roberts, son of Robert 
Cadwalader, of Gwynedd, and had issue three daughters : Jane, 
Eleanor, Elizabeth. (See Roberts Genealogy.) 

II. (2.) Thomas Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Edward and 
Eleanor, born in Merionethshire, Wales, immigrant to 
Gwynedd, 1698, with his parents, m., at Gwynedd m. h., 4th 
mo. 27, 1706, GwEN Evans, (d. 12th mo. 6 [or 3 ?], 1760), 
eldest dau. of David, of Radnor. They settled at Gwynedd, 
on part of the Edward Foulke tract (see page 61). Thomas 
Foulke d. 8th mo. 15 [or loth mo. 10?] 1762; his will, 
dated June 11, 1757, was proved October 24, 1762. He 
appoints his son William executor, aud leaves him his real 


estate, 213 acres (subject to certain charges of annuities, 
legacies, etc.), except that he gives his eldest son Edward 25 
acres (or ^100 in cash, instead), "part of the tract I now 
own, to be surveyed off the north-east end by a line from 
Hannaniah Pugh's land to my son William's, and parallel to 
the line now dividing the lands of my son Edward and me." 
He reserves certain rights of residence in his house, with 
annuities, etc., to his wife, " Gwen," and gives to his sister 
Gwen Edwards, " the use of the house she now lives in," 
with firewood, etc., and a small annuity. He also leaves 
legacies to his daughters Eleanor, Sarah, wife of William 
Jones, and Susanna, wife of Rowland Evans. 

///. Children of Thomas and Gwen : 

11. Edward, b. 1707, d. 1770, m. Gainor Roberts, Margaret 
Griffith. P 

12. William, b. 1708, d. 1775, m. Hannah Jones. ^ 

13. Ellin, b. 6th mo. 18, 1710, d. later than date (1757) of her 
father's will, which speaks of her as then living. She m. Wil- 
ham WilUams, and had 8 children : Susanna, Hugh, Margaret, 
Sarah, Thomas, Hannah (m. John Stoy, and had issue 5 chil- 
dren) ; Samuel, Elizabeth (m. Samuel Davis, and had issue 5 
children : Cadwallader, WiUiam, Thomas, Evan, Anne). 

14. Evan, b. 6th mo. 27, 171 2. (The Gwynedd hst of deaths men- 
tions Evan Foulke, 12th mo. 11, 1748, and it probably refers 
to him). 

15. Margaret, b. 3d mo. 22, 1715, d. 9th mo. 23, 1734, unm. 

16. Susanna, b. ist mo. 17, 1720, m. Rowland Evans. (See Evans 

17. Sarah, b. ist mo. 17, 1720, m. WiUiam Jones, and had issue, 
Sarah, who m. David Green. 

18. Caleb, b. 6th mo. 13, 1722, d. 7th mo. 7, 1736. 

n. (3.) Hugh Foulke, of Richland, Bucks county, the second 
son of Edward and Eleanor, m., 171 3, Ann Williams (b. 


nth mo. 8, 1693, d. 9th mo. 10, 1773), dau. of John, 
of Montgomery. Hugh removed from Gwynedd to 
Richland, probably about the time of his marriage. A me- 
morial of Richland m. m. says : "He was a member of our 
meeting for about thirty years, the latter part of his life. He 
had a good gift in the ministry, which we believe he endeav- 
ored faithfully to discharge His last illness, 

which was very sharp, he endured with much patience and 

resignation He died on the 2ist of 5th mo., 

1760, in the 75th year of his age, and the 40th of his 
ministry." From Hugh are descended all the Foulkes 
whose origin is traceable to Richland, and no doubt a majority 
of the members of this family now living are of his line. A 
family memorandum says : "All their [Hugh and Ann's] 
children lived to marry and raise families, except Edward. 
In seventy years after their marriage, the number of their 
posterity was 343, and in 18 10 was estimated at upward of 
500, of whom 115 bore the name of Foulke." 

///. Children of Hugh and Ami : 
19. Mary, b. 7th [or 9th ?] mo. 24, 1714, d. 2d mo. 20, 1756, m. 
James Boone, of Exeter, Berks county, son of George, the elder, 
and brother to Geo. Boone, and of Squire Boone, father of 
Daniel, of Kentucky. James \v2&\i. 5th mo. 7, 1709, and d. 
9th mo. I, 1785. He had issue by Mary Foulke, 12 children, of 
whom three (Joshua, b. 1748; Hannah, b. 1752; Nathaniel, 
b. 1753) are recorded as dying in infancy. The others were as 
follows (surname Boone') : 

I. Ann, b. 2d mo. 3, 1737, d. 4th mo. 4, 1807, m. Abraham Lincoln (of the 
family of Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States), a 
member of the Penna. Const. Conv. of 1787, and of the Penna. 
Legislature, etc. (The marriage was not " according to the order" 
of the So. of Friends ; 8th mo. 27, 1761, Ann Lincoln makes 
acknowledgment to Exeter monthly meeting for marrying " out." ) 
Abraham d. ist month 31, 1806, in his 70th year. 


2. Mary, b. nth mo. 17, 1738, m. Thomas Lee, son of Samuel, of Olcy, 

5th mo. 14, 1778. 

3. Martha, b. 1742. 

4. James, Jr., b. 1743 (distinguished in his time as a mathematician). 

5. John, b. 1745. 

6. Judah, b. loth mo. 10, 1746, m. Hannah Lee, dau. of Samuel and Mar- 

garet, of Oley, nth mo. 15, 1770. 

7. Dinah, b. 1748. 

8. Rachel, b. 1751. 

9. Moses, b. 5th mo. 23, 1751, m. 1779, Sarah Griffith. 

20. Martha, b. 5th mo. 22, 1716, d. 4th mo. 17, 1781, m. ist, Oct. 
4, 1738, William Edwards, of Milford, Bucks co., and, 2d, 
John Roberts, son of Thomas. 

21. Samuel, b. 171 8, d. 1797, m. Ann Greasly. ^ 

22. Ellen, b. ist mo. 19, 1720, m. John Lloyd, of Horsham, at 
Richland m. h., 8th mo. 21, 1742. 

23. John, b. 1722, d. 1787, m. Mary Roberts. ^. 

24. Thomas, b. 1724, d. 1786, m. Jane Roberts, 'p 

25. Theophilus, b. 1726, d. 1785, m. Margaret Thomas. ^ 

26. William, b. 1728, d. 1796, m. Priscilla Lester. ^ 

27. Edward, b. loth mo. 19, 1729, d. March ist, 1747, unm. 

28. Ann, b. ist mo. i, 1732, m. WiUiam Thomas. 

29. Jane, b. ist mo. 3d, 1734, d. 8th mo., 1771, m. John Greasly. 

II. (4.) Cadwallader Foulke,' of Gwynedd, third son of Ed- 
ward and Eleanor, b. in Wales 7th mo. 13, 1691. He lived 
at Gwynedd until 1731, when he removed to Philadelphia, 
and d. there 7th mo. 17, 1743, "after a short illness." The 
memorial of Philadelphia m. m. concerning him says : " He 
was born in Wales, and came over to this Province with his 
parents, when young ; married and settled at Gwynedd, 
where he lived most of his time ; and from thence about 
twelve years before his decease removed to this city. He 

iThe matter immediately following, the genealogy of the line of Cadwallader 
FoULKE, was especially prepared for me by the late Mrs. William Parker Foulke, of 
Philadelphia, and is here inserted bodily, nearly as she wrote it, the whole being given 
together directly to the latest generation (as in 1883). 


was of an open generous disposition, and useful and active in 
the support of the discipline and good order of the church, 
an Elder well respected and exemplary in his life and conver- 
sation." In Gwynedd he was a "yeoman"; he bought, 
1718, land, 307 acres, of Hugh Pugh, son of Evan ap Hugh, 
and sold it, 1732, to Robert John.' In his deed to the latter 
he is described as " late of Gwynedd, but now of Philadel- 
phia, shop-keeper." His residence, and probably place of 
business, are shown by a deed from Edward Cotteral to him, 
in 1740, for a " lot adjoining the house where he [C. F.] 
lives, on the north side of High street, near the Court 
House." He was appointed a justice of the peace for Phila- 
delphia Co., Nov. 22, 1738. The Philadelphia Co. records 
show acknowledgments of deeds, etc., before him, in 1739, '40, 
and '41 (and probably later). Cadwallader m. at Gwynedd 
m. h., 4th mo. 13, 1 7 19, Mary Evans, dau. of Robert." 
(See Evans Genealogy.) Mary was a minister among 
Friends, and made a number of journeys of religious duty, 
among others to Barbadoes, Nantucket, and Rhode Island. 
She m., 2d, at Philadelphia meeting, iith mo. 31, 1744, 
Thomas Marriott, of Bristol, Bucks co., and d. 1747. A 
memorial in the John Smith MS. collection says : " Her 
corpse was taken to Phila., and, after a solemn meeting held 
on that occasion at the Bank Meeting House, she was buried 

^ See details about this property at p. 69. 

- Robert Evans [says Mrs. W. P. F.'s MS.] was the third son of Evan, ap Evan, 
ap Robert, ap Lewis, ap Griffith, ap Howel Goch, ap Einion, ap Deikws ddu, ap 
Madoc, ap levan Goch, ap David Goch, ap Trahnarn Goch, ap Madoc, ap Rhys Gloff, 
ap Rhys Vaughan, ap Rhys Mechyllt, ap Rhys Grilg, ap Rhys, ap Griffith, ap Rhys ap 
Tevvddur Mawr, ap Einion, ap Owen, ap Howel ddu, ap Cadelh, ap Rodri Mawr, ap 
Mervyn Vrych. (The mother of Mervyn Vrych, King of Man, was Nest, grand-dau. 
of Brockwell Yscithiog, Prince of Powis, who defeated Ethelred K. of Northumber- 
land on the Dee near Bangor, about the year 607. One of Brockwell's sons was Bishop 
Tysillis, the opponent of St. Augustine.) 


in Friends' burying ground there." Cadwallader and 
Mary had ten children, but one only, Judah, second born, 
lived to adult age. 

///. Child of Cadwallader and Mary : 

30. Judah, b. 1722, d. 1776, m. Mary Bringhurst. See following : 

III. (30.) Judah Foulke, of Philadelphia, b. at Gwynedd, 7th 
mo. 30, 1722, d. January 24, 1776, m. 12th mo. 16, 1743, 
Mary Bringhurst, of Philadelphia, dau. of John.^ Judah 
was a prominent and active citizen ; that he loved letters, the 
well-cherished and well-used volumes of classics which were 
owned by him attest. From 1745 to 1750 he was Collector 
of Excise for Philadelphia. In 1770, he was sheriff of the 
city and county of Philadelphia, and again in 1771 and 
1772. A quaint document, dated December 1 1, 1773, recites 
that His Excellency John Penn, " with the advice of the 
Council, constitutes and appoints Judah Foulke, gentleman, 
Keeper of the Standards of Brass for weights and measures 
for the county of Philadelphia." His will, written 1774, 
makes his wife sole legatee, " in full confidence of her mater- 
nal affection for our children," and appoints his brother-in-law 
Joseph Bringhurst, and his friends Abel James and Joseph 
Fox, executors. His dweUing was No. 34 Front St., North, 
where d. his widow, Jan. 22, 1798, aged nearly jy yrs. 

IV. Children of fudah and Mary : 

31. John, b. 1757, d. 1796, m. Eleanor Parker. ^ 

32. Ehzabeth, d. unm. ^ 

33. Mary, d. April 5, 1807, unm. ("Aged 54 years.") 

34. Deborah, b. 9th mo. 28, 1764, m., ist, Oct. 16, 1788, WilHam 

'John was the son of John and Rosina Bringhurst, and was b. in Amsterdam, 
Holland. His wife, Mary, was the daughter of James Claypoole, merchant, of 
London, and Mary his wife. 


Pearson, son of William and Ann, dec'd, of Northern Liberties ; 
and, 2d, nth mo. 2, 1809, Isaac Tyson, of Philad'a, son of 
James and Sarah, of Springfield, Del. Co. By her first husband 
she had issue, 's,\xxvi2,ra.& Pearson : Mary, b. Feb. 10, 1791, d. 
Feb. 2, 181 3, unm. 

IV. (31.) John Foulke, of Philadelphia, son of Judahand Mary, 
was a physician, a man of learning, and of high repute in his 
profession, while of his generous practical humanity and 
thorough accomplishments, much interesting testimony ex- 
ists. A memorandum of April 6, 1767, has : "John Foulke 
entered at Robert Proud's school, to learn Latin ; " and this 
is the earliest noteworthy record we have of him. The late 
Joseph Carson, M. D., writes : "Dr. Foulke presented him- 
self for graduation in 1779, and was prevented from receiving 
his degree, in consequence of the abrogation of the charter of 
the college, from the political excitement of the Revolution.' 
Dr. Foulke was an honored member of the profession, and 
one of the first elected members of the College of Physi- 
cians." His diploma of Fellowship bears date January 2, 
1787.^ By means of his private school for medical instruc- 

1 He received his diploma as Baclielor of Medicine in 1780. This degree of B.M. 
was discontinued after the union, Sept. 30, 1791, of the Phila. College of Medicine and 
the University of Penna. 

"^ In 1789 appeared the " Oration which might have been delivered to the Students 
in Anatomy, on the late Rupture between the Two Schools in this City." It begins 
with a mock-solemn adjuration to the adherents of the leaders of the adverse factions, 
Drs. Shippen and Foulke : 

" Friends and associates ! lend a patient ear, 
Suspend intestine broils, and reason hear. 

Ye followers of F your wrath forbear — 

Ye sons of S your invectives spare." 

This grotesque satire was written by Francis Hopkinson, " with a view to appease 
the dissension that arose from abrogating the charter of the college, then renewing it, 
and leaving the University in existence. It may have contributed to the coalition in 
1791." [Dr. Jo^ Carson.] 


tion, conducted at 107 North Front Street [his residence] he 
educated many members of the profession most distinguished 
both here and elsewhere. In one especial line, Dr. Foulke 
preceded both Dr. James and Dr. Dewees, for he it was who 
gave in Philadelphia the first systematic instruction in ob- 

During the prev^alence of the yellow fever epidemic in 
Phila., he fearlessly devoted himself to the aid of the sufferers, 
and was frequently absent for days in the infected districts. 

He set sail from Phila. May 4, 1780, for Port I'Orient, in 
the brig Duke of Leinster ; Mr. George Fox accompanied 
him. They were the bearers to Benj. Franklin, then Ameri- 
can Minister to France, of letters introductory from Thomas 
Bond and Joseph Wharton. Mr. Bond describes the travelers 
as " the sons of our worthy deceased Friends Judah Foulke 
and Joseph Fox. They have both had a liberal education, 
and are now in the laudable pursuit of further useful knowl- 
edge in Europe. Mr. Foulke has deservedly obtained in the 
Philadelphia University, a Diploma of Bachelor of Medi- 
cine." Mr. Wharton's letter of the same date, April 27, 
1780, says : 

The bearer, my friend Dr. John Foulke, is a Whig in his princi- 
ples, has subscribed the Test to this State, and though, from the singu- 
larity of the tenets of the Quakers, he has not been active in the 
field, yet in the line of his physical profession, has been useful in the 
hospitals. 1 His intention in visiting France is to improve himself in 
Surgery and Physic ; but being a perfect stranger in Paris, will stand 
in need of recommendations to the most eminent in the medical 
branches, as well as for favorable introductions into the hospitals. 

1 In the " Diary of Robert Morton," Penna. Magazine, Vol. I., he says : " Oct. 
8th [1777] ... I went to see Dr. Foulke amputate an American soldier's leg, 
which he completed in twenty minutes, while the physician at the military hospital was 
forty minutes performing an operation of the same nature." * 


Will you therefore, my good Sir, as my friend is of unimpeached 
morals, and his relatives long known for good citizens, take him by 
the hand, and recommend him to those gentlemen who can be most 
useful to him ? I know you will, and in this happy thought, I sub- 
scribe myself. 

Respectfully, etc., 

Joseph Wharton. 
His Excellency Dr. Franklin. 

Before his return to America, Dr. Foulke visited Ger- 
many and Holland, and the stay abroad was rich in experi- 
ences, in added friendships, and in knowledge gained. At a 
lecture on Pneumatics, which he delivered at the old Hall of 
the College, Fourth St. below Arch, in May, 1784, he exhib- 
ited to his friends the first balloon seen in this country. He 
had been greatly interested by the subject of aerostation, while 
in France, where the invention of the balloon had been lately 
made public. An autograph note to Dr. Foulke from General 
Washington states that " he would with great pleasure attend 
the lecture on Pneumatics, but the business which brought 
him to the City does not leave him at liberty, as the Members 
of the Cincinnati are anxious to bring it to a close." 

Dr. Foulke was elected to membership of the American 
Philosophical Society in 1784, and in 1786 became one of its 
Secretaries, Benjamin Franklin being President. 

He m. May 8, 1788, Eleanor, dau. of Richard' and 
Lydia Parker, dec'd, of Phila. She survived until the sum- 
mer of i860.* The following were the 

1 Richard Parker was the son of Richard, the son of Richard, of Rolgley, Lincoln- 
shire, Eng., who emigrated in 1684 : see Proud's History of Pennsylvania, Vol. IL, p. 
218, notes. 

- Her married life was a little more than 8 years, her widowhood 64 years, — a very 
remarkable instance. 



V. Childre7i of John and Eleanor Foulke : 

35. Richard Parker, b. 1789, d. i860, m. Anna Catharine Strohn. if* 

36. Mary, b. Aug. i, 1790; d. unm. 

37. Eleanor Parker, b. April 6, 1792 ; d. 1882 ; m. Burgess B. Long ; 
no children. 

IV. (32.) Elizabeth Foulke, dau. of Judah and Mary, b. 28 
9th mo., 1758. A notice, written in 1820, says of her : " She 
was possessed of a strong and active mind, which was im- 
proved by cultivation, and of manners cheerful and engaging ; 
and although deprived by death of most of her near rela- 
tions, she had collected around her a large circle endeared to 
her by the most tender ties of friendship. Her house was 
the loved resort of persons of both sexes and all ages, to 
whom she adapted her conversation with remarkable facility. 
By the Society of Friends in this city, her loss will 
long be felt ; she was an active member, and for nearly thirty 
years a minister of the Gospel. . . . The Prison, the 
Public Alms House, and the Asylum for Widows, all en- 
gaged her attention, and in each of them her voice was raised 
in endeavors to reclaim the wanderer and comfort the 
afflicted." There is a letter from her to Sarah Harrison, in 
Friciids' Miscellany (Vol. XL, p. 185), dated at Philadelphia, 
I ith mo. 29, 1793, in which she speaks of the recent terrible 
visitation of yellow fever. She had been absent from the city 
ten weeks, but seems to have been well informed of the con- 
dition of affairs within it : " Outward circumstances," she 
says, " concurred to heighten the virulence of the disease and 
increase its progress. The coming of rain and cold weather, 
towards which the minds of many were too much turned as 
a source of relief, was withheld, and the parched earth seemed 
to mourn with its inhabitants. . . . It is impossible for 
tongue or pen to give a just idea of the awfulness of t 


scene, or of our feelings through the course of it. It seemed 
at times as tho' the Almighty would utterly desolate the 
city." She d. unmarried, at Burlington, N. J., October 19, 
1820, and was there interred. 

V. (35.) Richard Parker Foulke, b. April 5, 1789, m. August 
6, 18 1 2, Anna Catharine Strohn, dau. of Philip and Anna 
Catharine Strohn, b. May 17, 1792, d. January 30, 1856. He 
had no bent towards a profession, and his early establishment 
in business was due to the affectionate interest in him of his 
uncle, Mr. William Parker. He d. at the summer residence 
of his son, William Parker Foulke, near West Chester, Pa., 
August 22, i860. 

VI. Children of Richard P. and Anna C. : 
(The children of Richard Parker and Anna Catharine Foulke were 
eleven in number : all of them d. young, except) : 

38. EHzabeth, 2d dau., b. March 25, 1814, d. May 4, 1864. She 
m. May 12, 1855, Patrick Beirne, of Levvisburg, W. Va., b. in 
County Roscommon, Ireland, and had, surname Beirne: (i) 
Richard Foulke, b. 1856, m. in 1877, Clara Haxall, dau. of 
Thomas Billopp Grundy, of Baltimore, Md. (and has issue : 
Clara, b. Nov. 4, 1878 ; EHzabeth Foulke, b. Nov., 1879 ; Rich- 
ard Foulke, b. August 25, 1882) ; and (2) William McDermott, 
b. 1858, d. 1859. 

39. William Parker, b. 1816, d. 1865. See below. 

40. Francis Edward, youngest child, b. May 17, 1834. 

VI. (39.) William Parker Foulke, b. May 31, 1816, m. April 
26, 1855, Julia de Veaux Powel, dau. of Col. John Hare 
Powel,' of Philadelphia. She d. April 30, 1884. William 

> His name was originally John Powel Hare, but, as the adopted son of his 
mother's sister, Mrs. Powel, he caused it to be changed by Act of Assembly to John 
Hare Powel. His father, Robert, who was the son of Richard Hare (of Limehouse, 
near London, Eng. ), came to Pennsylvania, June 4, 1773. — See Keith's Provincial 
Councillors of Pennsylvania, pp. 129, 133-134. 


Parker Foulke early showed the philanthropic spirit by 
which he was distinguished. Well read in the law, he prac- 
ticed for a time at the Philadelphia Bar. In 1845 he appears 
as a member of the Phila. Society for Alleviating the Miseries 
of Public Prisons ; and in 1846 as one of the Visiting Com- 
mittee for the Eastern Penitentiary. In his endeavor " to 
reconcile the highest interests of the Commonwealth with the 
utmost exhibition of humanity towards offenders," he strug- 
gled long with popular prejudice and indifference. His writ- 
ings on the various branches of penal administration and 
reform and his efforts during nearly half of his life, identify 
his name with the Pennsylvania system of separate imprison- 
ment. The late Frederick A. Packard, his fellow-laborer, 
writes of "the weeks and months and years devoted by Mr. 
Foulke to journeys and examinations, consultations, discus- 
sions, conferences with strangers from other States and from 
foreign countries, correspondence, reports, addresses, memo- 
rials, besides the constant active duties of personal inspection 
in Philadelphia, and attendance upon legislation at Harris- 
burg." In 1858 Mr. Foulke first proposed the appointment 
of a Commission to revise the penal Code of Pennsylvania. 
His memorial, which was adopted by the Society, led in due 
time to the necessary legislation, and he was made one of a 
committee to confer with the Commissioners, and to suggest 
such changes as the experience of the Society approved. The 
Commissioners were appointed in 1859, and in i860 a report 
of the Conferences appeared, the Code itself being enacted 
the same year. — In 1845, Mr, Foulke became a Manager of 
the Penna. Colonization Society; in 1853, 54. '55. he was 
sent a delegate to the meetings of the parent Society at 
Washington. The Society's influence, through his urgency, 
was exerted to procure a Government survey of the country 


interior of Liberia, with the view of directing settlement to 
the more healthy region.' — Three years of serious effort were 
given by Mr. Foulke to the promotion of the Arctic Expe- 
dition of i860, under Dr. I. I. Hayes, and his labors in this 
behalf are perpetuated in the name — Port Foulke — given to 
the winter harbor of the explorers in North Greenland. — 
He was an ardent and serviceable member of the Academy of 
Natural Sciences. His discovery, in the summer 1858, in 
the green-sand formation at Haddonfield, N. J., of a gigantic 
fossil extinct reptile, marked his labors in that field.2 Asso- 
ciated with the Pennsylvania Historical Society, in 1842, he 
took an active interest in its work ; he was in 1850, with Hon. 
Jos. R. Ingersoll, Rev. Albert Barnes, Bishop Potter, and 
others, charged with the preparation of a series of historical 
papers, and his essay " On the Right Use of History," was 
pubUshed 1856. — Prof J. P. Lesley, chief of the present 
(Second) Geological Survey of Pennsylvania, speaks in high 
terms of his services in procuring the publication of the 
Report of the First Survey. He says : "Among the few men 
in the Commonwealth who knew either the character of the 
Report, or the actual value of the Survey, Mr. Foulke occu- 
pied the most prominent position, and it was he who finally 
succeeded in dragging the buried manuscript into notice and 
in so stimulating public opinion in its favor as to get an act 
passed for its publication, in 1851."'^ He was one of the 
three earliest projectors of the Philadelphia Academy of 

'Commander Lynch, U. S. N., made his report of the partial completion of this 
survey, Sept. 5, 1853. See H. R. Doc. i, 54 pp. 

2 In Nov., 1868, a restoration of the skeleton was made by Prof. Waterhouse 
Hawkins, the English scientist, and presented to the Academy. 

' Prof. Lesley's memorial address of W. P. F. (Owing to delays the Report did 
not finally appear until 1859.) 


Music, and the fine proportions of that building are largely 
due to him. He desired, indeed, that it should be of yet 
greater size, " that the many might be attracted at reasonable 
rates." His hope was, by elevating the standard of popular 
amusements, dramatic, operatic, and musical, to aid in the 
purification of tastes and manners among the people at large. 
He thought also that to lay the foundation of such a school 
for complete education in music, as should be included by the 
ultimate scheme, " would enable us hereafter to command the 
best musical talent of the world, and also to provide for the 
cultivation of such talent among ourselves." Prof. J. P. 
Lesley read before the American Philosophical Society, Nov. 
6, 1868, a Memoir of Mr. Foulke, which is found in Volume 
X. of its proceedings, and which was prepared at its instance. 
William Parker Foulke's connection with this body was of 
long duration, and he was a member of its Council at the 
time of his death, which took place on June 18, 1865. 

VII. Childreti of William Parker aiid Jtilia de Veaiix : 

41. Julia Catharine, b. Jan. 22, 1856, m. May 3, 1882, Henry 
Carvill Lewis, 1 M. A., Univ. of Penna., Prof, of Mineralog)' A. 
N. S., of Phila., and has, surname Z^wzj, Gwendolen deVeau.x, 
b. Mar. 21, 1883. 

42. Wilham de Veaux, b. June 9, 1857. 

43. Richard Parker, b. Aug. 30, 1858, d. Jan. 7, 1865. 

44. Lisa de Veaux, b. March 8, i860. 

45. John Francis, b. Nov. 26, 1861, B. A. and B. L., Univ. of Penna., 
Member of Phila. Bar. 

46. Sara Gwendolen, b. June 26, 1863. 

47. George Rhyfedd, b. Aug. 16, 1865. 

[Thus the living representatives of Cadwallader Foulke's Hne to-day, 

1 Henry Carvill is the son of F. Mortimer, son of John F., and Johann A. P. Lud- 
wig (of Crailsheim, Wurtemburg), who came to Philadelphia June 3, 1777, and Angli- 
cised his name to Lewis. [1896. Prof. Lewis is since deceased.] 


Sept. 28, 1883, are twelve in number, as follows : Francis Ed- 
ward Foulke, youngest son of Richard Parker Foulke ; Richard 
Foulke Beirne and his three children ; three sons and three 
daughters as above named of William Parker Foulke ; and 
Gwendolen de Veaux Lewis, child of the eldest of these. — 
J. de V. F.] 

II. (5.) Evan Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Edward, b. in Wales, 
immigrant, 1698, with his parents, d. 1745. He received 
from his father, in 1725, 250 acres of the eastern side of the 
latter's original tract, the east corner of which was almost 
precisely at the present village of Spring-House, and he lived 
near that place. He m., ist, Ellen Roberts, dau. of Ed- 
ward, of Gwynedd, and, 2d, Anne Coulston, widow. Sept. 
20, 1745, letters of administration were granted upon his 
estate to his widow, Anne Foulke. 

///. Children of Evan Foulke by his two wives : 

48. Margaret (dau. of Ellen), b. 4th mo. 19, 1726, d. 3d mo. 6, 
1798, m. John Evans, of Gwynedd, son of John and Eleanor. 
(See Evans Genealogy.) 

49. Esther (dau. of Anne), b. ist mo. 16, 1744, m., ist, Yax- 
ley,' and had issue (surname Yaxley) : Eleanor and Ann ; m., 
2d, Johnson, and had issue two children, surname John- 
son, Samuel and Mary. (Eleanor Yaxley, m. John F. Evans, 
son of John and Margaret ; Mary Johnson m. Thomas Scarlett, 
and had issue two children, Robert and Mary.) 

[The Gwynedd Monthly Meeting records show the death of the fol- 
lowing children of Evan Foulke : Edward, son of Evan and 
Ellen, 5th mo. 29, 1745 ; Anne, dau. Evan and Ellen, 6th mo. 
4, 1745 ; Ellen, dau. Evan and Anne, 6th mo. 15, 1745.] 

III. (11.) Edward Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Thomas and 
Gwen, b. 1707, d. loth mo. 10, 1770, m., ist, Gainor Rob- 
erts, dau. of Edward, of Gwynedd. Gainor d. 7th mo. 14, 

'See ante, Foulke Genealogy, p. i8i. 


1 74 1 ; he m., 2d, Margaret Griffith, dau. of Hugh, of 
Gwynedd, 8th mo. 25, 1750. Margaret survived him: her 
will was probated Sept. 26, 178 1 ; she names her dau. Han- 
nah and her son Cadwalader, leaving them legacies in money, 
and leaves to her son Hugh, whom she appoints executor, 
"all my plantation where he now dwells," 180 acres, mostly 
in Gwynedd, partly in Horsham, but lying contiguous. (This 
is the present property [1884] of Daniel Foulke, and estate 
of Thomas S. Foulke.) Edward had part of the land of 
his father, Thomas Foulke ; it lay to the eastward of the 
latter's (given by will to William), towards the Spring-House, 
and Thos. S. Foulke regarded it as the same which has been 
in recent time the place of Albert Hoover, and John Murphy. 
Edward was a man of education and business capacity. He 
was some time engaged in Philadelphia, as clerk to the 
Pennsylvania Commissioners of Loans (his brother-in-law, 
Rowland Evans, being one of the Board). 

IV. Children of Edward and Gainor : 

50. Joshua, b. 1 731, m. Catharine Evans, Hannah Jones. ^ 

51. Ann, b. 6th mo. 22, 1732, m. John Ambler, and had issue seven 
children, surname Ambler : 

1. Joseph, m. Elizabeth Forman : no issue. 

2. Edward, m. Ann Mather, and had issue : Edward, Hannah, Sarah, 

Ehzabeth, Ann, and others. 

3. John, jun., m., ist, Priscilla Naylor, and had issue: Naylor, Charles, 

Priscilla, Mary, Lydia, and others; (Priscilla m. Silas Walton, 
Mary m. Jesse Jenkins ; see Jenkins Genealogy ; Lydia m. Thomas 
Bancroft) ; 2d, m. Mary Thomas, who left no issue. 

4. Jesse, m. Ruth Roberts; no issue. (See Roberts Genealogy.) 

5. Gainor, m. Isaac Jones, of Montgomery, and had seven children : John, 

Ann, who m. Jonathan Cleaver ; Charles, George, Tacy, who m. 
Edward Foulke ; Jesse, Isaac. 

6. Tacy, m. Joseph Shoemaker, and had issue six children : Ezekiel, who 

m. Margaret Weaver ; Joseph, who m. Phebe Hallowell ; Jesse, d. 
unm. ; Ann, who m. Nathan Evans ; Hannah, who m. John Caven- 
der, of Philadelphia ; Ellen, m. John Forman, of New Britain. 


7. Susanna, m. Jesse Lukens, of Towamencin, and had nine children : 
(i) Samuel, m. Mary 'Farra, no issue; (2) Charles, d. unm. ; (3) 
Ann, m. Jacob Styer, and had issue John F., Samuel L., Albanus ; 
(4) Martha, m. Isaac Jones, of Plymouth; (5) Edith, m. Israel 
Scott, of Towamencin, and had issue : Jesse, Jane, Job; (6) Cad- 
wallader, d. unm. ; (7) Peter, m. Elizabeth Wilson, and had issue : 
Algernon, Susan, Elizabeth, Martha; (8) Jonathan, m. Elizabeth 
Righter, and had issue: Jesse, Martha Ann, Mary F. ; (9) Hugh, 
m. and had issue. 

52. Eleanor, b. 7th mo. 15, 1735, n^- S^h mo. 14, 1767, Edward 
Ambler, son of Joseph, of Montgomery. 

IV. Children of Edward and Margaret : 

53. Hugh, b. 1751, d. 1831, m. Ann Roberts. ^ 

54. Alice, b. 7th mo. 15, 1754, d. in infancy. 

55. Hannah, b. 9th mo. 20, 1755, d. 6th mo. 24, 1781, m. Edward 
Stroud, and had issue : Edward, Margaret, Tacy. 

56. Cadwallader, b. 1758, d. 1808, m. Phebe Elhs, Ann Chirington.^ 

III. (12.) William Foulke, of G\vynedd, son of Thomas and 
Gwen, b. 1708, d. 1775 ; m. Hannah Jones, dau. of John 
("carpenter"), of Montgomery, at Gwynedd m. h., 8th mo. 
15, 1734. The memorial of Gwynedd m. m. says: "He 
was born of religious parents, early settlers of Gwynedd," 
and " in the station of elder and overseer, which he filled for 
a number of years, he was exemplary and serviceable." 
Hannah d. 12th mo. i, 1798. The will of William, pro- 
bated Nov. 6, 1775, names his wife, Hannah, and appoints 
his sons Caleb and Jesse executors. To his son Jesse he 
gives " the plantation where I now dwell ; " to his son Levi 
"the plantation where he now dwells," containing about lOO 
acres ; to his son Levi and daughter Jane a lot of 25 acres, 
near Levi's farm, to be equally divided between them, Levi's 
share to be the end next Joshua Foulke's, and Jane's the end 
next William Williams's ; to his son Jesse he gives " a narrow 
strip of land which I hold, between the tract I sold George 


Maris, and lands of one Roil ; " to his sons Levi and Jesse his 
right to a share in a lime-kiln, in Plymouth ; to his sons Caleb 
and Amos, and daughters Jane, Priscilla, and Lydia, bequests 
of money. 

IV. Children of William and Hannah : 

57. Jane, b. 6th mo. 22, 1735, "^- ^757' George Maris, of Gwynedd, 
son of George, of Springfield, Chester [now Delaware] county. 
This couple lived where now Jacob Acufif's hotel is. George 
Maris d. Aug. 20, 1803, leaving a large estate, mostly in land. 
His children were ten in number, including Amos, Jesse, Ann, 
Jane, and George, who all d. unmarried ; the others were (sur- 
name Maris) : 

1. William, who received the homestead by his father's will, but d. the 

next year, 1804, unm., leaving it to his nephew, Jesse J. 

2. Jonathan, who m. 1792, Judith Mcllvaine, dau. of John and Susanna, 

and had issue one son, Jesse J., b. 1793, who m. Mary West, dau. 
of Saml. and Mary, and had issue : Hannah, who m. John Stokes ; 
John M., Samuel W., William, Jesse Emlen, Edward, Sarah Ann, 
and Mary W. 

3. Susanna, m. 1795, Levi Heston, of Philada., son of John, of Montgom- 

ery twp., and had issue : Maria, m. Jesse Tyson, of Upper Provi- 
dence, and Franklin Foulke, of Gwynedd, — No. 125, this Genealo- 
gy ; (2) Jane, m. Robert Tyson. 

4. Hannah, m. 1796, John Wilson, son of John, of Whitemarsh, and had 

issue : George, Ann, m. Benjamin Jones ; Susan (the poet), m. Solo- 
mon Lukens ; Rebecca. 

5. Rebecca, m. 1796, Jarrett Heston, son of John, of Montgomery. 

58. Caleb, b. 1736, d. 1811, m. Jane Jones. ^ 

59. Levi, b. 1739, d- i8i5> rn- Ann Evans. P 

60. Amos, b. 1740, d. 1793, m. Hannah Jones. ^ 

61. Jesse, b. nth mo. 9, 1742, d. 3d mo. 16, 1821, unm. He and 
Priscilla occupied the old homestead, at Penllyn, and lived, 
greatly esteemed, to advanced years. (See mention of their 
deaths, in Cadw. Foulke' s and Lewis Jones's lists ; also, re- 
peated allusions to them in the Sally Wister diary.) 

62. Priscilla, b. loth mo. 3, 1744, d. ist mo. 25, 1821, unm. 

63. 64, 65. Margaret, b. 1746; Sarah, b. 1748; Judah, b. 1751 ; 
all d. in infancy. 


66. Lydia, b. 4th mo. 9, 1756, m. John Spencer^ (b. 1756, d. 1799). 
son of Jacob and Hannah, of Moreland, and had issue, sur- 
name Spencer : 

1. Susan, b. 4th mo. 10, 1784, d. , untn. 

2. Edith, b. I2th mo. 16, 1785, d. 1865, unm. 

3. George, b. 4th mo. 29, 1787, m. Mary Thomas, of Cayuga Co., New 

York, and d. without issue. His widow survives. [1884.] He 
was a well-known and much esteemed resident of Horsham. 

4. Priscilla, b. 8th mo. 27, 1788, d. 6th mo. 8, 1865, unm. 

5. Jesse, 2 b. 12th mo. 22, 1790, d. 9th mo. 30, 1841, m. Mary Custard, and 

had issue : (i) Amelia, m. James C- Jackson, of Hockessin, Del., 
and has issue ; (2) John, m. Mary J. Rhodes, and has issue; (3) 
George, m. Ella L. Shoemaker, and has issue ; (4) Lydia, m. Sam- 
uel Morris, of Olney, Philadelphia, and has issue ; (5) Anna; (6) 
William F., m. Christiana Bradley, and has issue. 

6. Jonathan, b. 8th mo. 18, 1792, d. 4th mo. 6, 1867, m. Sarah Harris and 

Sarah Lang. By his second wife he had issue : Florence, m. Sam- 
uel E. Stokes ; John E. and George E. d. young. 

7. Rebecca, b. 7th mo. 19, 1794, d. , unm. 

8. Rachel, b. nth mo. 12, 1796, d. 4th mo. 8, 1851, unm. 

9. Lydia, b. 8th mo. 10, 1799, ^- ^^^th mo. 30, 1823, m. John Lloyd ; left 

no issue. 

III. (21.) Samuel Foulke, of Richland, son of Hugh and Ann, 
b. I2th mo. 4, 1718, d. 1st mo. 21, 1797; m. 1743, Ann 
Greasley (d. 5th mo., 1797). He was a prominent member 
of the Society of Friends, was appointed clerk of Richland 
Monthly Meeting at its first establishment, in 1 742, and con- 
tinued in that capacity " about thirty-seven years, and nearly 
thirty years served as clerk to the meeting of ministers and 
elders." From 1761 to 176S inclusive he was a member of 
the Provincial Assembly of Pennsylvania, and fragments of 

1 John Spencer was the son of Jacob and Hannah (Jarrett), and the brother of 
Jarrett Spencer, who m. Hannah Evans [see p. 170]. Jacob was the son of Sam- 
uel, of Upper Dublin, who m. Mary Dawes, dau. Abraham and Edith of Whitemarsh. 
Samuel was the son of Samuel (and Elizabeth), who came to Pennsylvania from Bar- 
badoes, about 1700. — See details Spencer Family, Post. 

' Jesse Spencer lived at Penllyn in the old Foulke mansion, a much esteemed man. 


his journal kept during that time have been printed. > In 
1 78 1, notwithstanding his prominence in the meeting, he was 
disowned, with other members of Richland Meeting,^ for 
having taken the oath of allegiance to the Colonies. He 
made the translation from Welsh into English of Edward 
Foulke's narrative. Several obituaiy notices, and a letter to 
a minister, by him, will be found in Friends' Miscellany , Vols. 
III., IV. 

IV. Children of Samuel and Ann : 

67. Eleanor, b. 1744, d. 7th mo. 6, 1833, m. Randall Iden. 

68. Thomas, b. 4th mo. 11, 1746, d. loth mo. 7, 1784, unm. 

69. Amelia, b. 1753, d. 8th mo. 7, 181 1, m. Joseph Custer. 

70. Hannah, b. 9th mo. 15, 1756, d. 3d mo., 1840, m. George Iden. 

71. Israel, b. 1760, d. 1824, m. EHzabeth Roberts. ^ 

72. Judah, b. 1st mo. 18, 1763, m. Sarah McCarty. They had a 
large family, 13 children being recorded on Richland m. m. 
records. In 18 18 they removed to Miami, O., and they have 
numerous descendants in the West. 

73. John, b. 1767, m. Letitia Roberts. ^ 

74. Cadwallader, b. 1768, d. 1830, m. Margaret Foulke. 'p 
[Israel, b. 1749, and Judah, b. 1752, d. young.] 

III. (23.) John Foulke, of Richland, son of Hugh and Ann, b. 
1 2th mo. 21, 1722, d. 5th mo. 25, 1787, m. Mary Roberts, 
(b. 4th mo. 26, 1730, d. loth mo. 2, 1787), dau. of Edward, 
of Richland. John was a member of the Provincial Assem- 
bly from Bucks County from 1769 to 1775. 

IV. Children of fohn and Mary : 

75. Edward, b. 7th mo. 16, 1758, m. Ehzabeth Roberts, Ann 
Roberts. ^ 

1 Penna. Mag., Vol. IV. . 

* Including his brothers, John, Thomas, and Theophilus, and his nephew, Ever- 
ard. It is said that this disciplinary procedure could only be accomplished with help 
from other meetings, directed from Philadelphia, and that Samuel Foulke, who had for 
many years sat " at the head of the meeting," continued to do so to his death. 


76. Anne, b. loth mo. 27, 1760. 

']^. Jane, b. 8th mo. 2, 1763, d. 3d mo. 18, 1780. 

78. Aquila, b. 3d mo. 2, 1766. He m. his first cousin, Amelia 
Roberts, and for this breach Richland m. m. disowned them, 

79. Margaret, b. loth mo. 17, 1768, m. Gibson. 

80. Evan, b. 5th mo. 6, 1771, m. Sarah Nixon, and had issue: 
Olivia, Charles, Asenath (m. Samuel Foulke, son of Judah, No. 
99) ; Susanna, Samuel, Edward, and others. This family re- 
moved to Ohio, except Charles, who m. Catherine P. Edkins, 
and lived near Stroudsburg, where he d. 1883, leaving issue. 

81. Lydia, b. loth mo. 2, 1775, m. Nathan Edwards. 

III. (24.) Thomas Foulke, of Richland, son of Hugh and Ann, 
b. 1st mo. 14, 1724, d. 3d mo. 31, 1786, m. Jane Roberts, 
(b. nth mo. 3, 1732, d. 7th mo. 25, 1822), dau. of Edward, 
of Richland. 

IV. Children of Thomas and Jane : 

82. Everard, b. 1755, d. 1827, m. Ann Dehaven. ^ 

83. Abigail, b. loth mo. 4, 1763. 

84. Susanna, b. nth mo. 5, 1766. 

85. Samuel, b. i ith mo. 19, 1767. 

[Edward, b. 1756, Samuel, b. 1761, d. in infancy.] 

III. (25.) Theophilus Foulke, of Richland, son of Hugh and 
Ann, b. 12th mo. 21, 1726, d. nth mo. 4, 1785, m. Marga- 
ret Thomas, dau. of Samuel and Margaret. They had 
twelve children, of whom four (Benjamin, b. 1763, Rachel 
and Charles, twins, b. 1773, and Charles, b. 1777), d. in in- 
fancy ; and one, Benjamin, b. 1768, d. 1784, unmarried. 
The survivors are given below. Theophilus, like his brothers, 
fell under the censure of the meeting, for departure from 
strict peace principles. 


IV. Children of Theophilns and Margaret: 

86. Hugh, b. 8th mo. 29, 1758, d. 9th mo., 1846, m. Sarah Roberts, 
Sarah Lester, Catharine Johnson. By his second wife he had no 
children ; by his first wife : Joseph, Martha, Joseph ; by his third 
wife : Deborah, Sarah, Hugh, Theophilus, Caspar, Benjamin. 

87. Jane, b. 8th mo. 22, 1759, ^- lA "lo- 16, 1816. 

88. Theophilus, b. 1761, d. 1798, m. Hannah Lester. ^ 

89. Sarah, b. 1764, d. 1828, m. Edward Jenkins (See Jenkins Gen'y.) 

90. Benjamin, b. nth mo. 19, 1766, d. 2d mo. 28, 1821, m. Martha 
Roberts (b. 1764, d. 1831), dau. of John and Margaret, and had 
issue : Hannah, m. George Custard ; Jane, m. Thomas Strawn ; 
Charles (d. 1857, unm.) ; Rachel, Rachel, 2d. Be?ijainin was 
a member from Bucks Co. of the House of Representatives of 
Pennsylvania, for several years, being elected in 1816, 1817, 
18 1 9 (?), and 1820. He d. at Harrisburg, while in attendance 
upon the session.^ 

91. Margaret, b. 1771, d. 1845, "^- Cadw. Foulke. (See No. 73, this 

92. Rachel, b. 3d mo. 17, 1775, d. 3d mo. 3, 1850, m. Dr. Joseph 
Meredith, of Gwynedd. They lived after their marriage in the 
house afterward Fredk. Beaver's, where North Wales now is, and 
in 1 8 14, bought of Jane Foulke, Caleb's widow, the property, 
now Jonathan Lukens' estate, where both d. (Dr. M. d. August 
7, 1820.) Their children were : (i) Hannah Hough, d. March 
6, 1870, unm. ; (2) Charles F. , of Ouakertown, physician, b. 
June I, 1808, m. Olivia Weisel, and has issue ; (3) Margaret, d. ; 
(4) Edward J., b. Dec. 20, 181 1, d. April 5, 1865, at Gwynedd. 

III. (26.) William Foulke, b. 12th mo. 10, 1728, d. 4th mo. 
nth, 1796, son of Hugh and Ann, m. Priscilla Lester (b. 
1st mo. 18, 1736, d. 3d mo. 17, 1795), dau. of John. 

1 The Journal of the House shows the action of that body in reference to his de- 
cease, including a resolution to wear crape during the remainder of the session, with an 
official funeral procession, including members of both Houses, the Governor, heads of 
departments, etc. 


IV. Children of William and Priscilla : 

93. Asher, b. 1758, m. 1779, Alice Roberts, and had issue : Phebe, 
Anthony, William, Anne, Elizabeth. 

94. Issachar, b. 1760, m. Jane , and had issue: Priscilla, 

Bathsheba, Mary, Sarah, Rebecca, Jane, Aaron, Mercy, Barton. 
They removed to the West, and have numerous descendants 

95. Jesse, b. 1762, m. Sarah (d. 9th mo. 21, 1791), and had 

issue : Ellen, Hannah, Rachel. William. 

96. John, b. 1764, d. in infancy. 

97. Mary, b. 1766. 

98. Phebe, b. 1769, d. in infancy. 

IV. (50.) Joshua Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Edward and 
Gainor, b. 2d mo. 15, 173 1, m., ist, 1763, Catharine Evans 
(see No. loi, Evans Genealogy), dau. of Thomas and Katha- 
rine. Catharine d. 5th mo. 11, 1769, after a lingering ill- 
ness of six months, and left issue two children, Thomas and 
Samuel, both of whom d. unmarried. Joshua m., 2d, Han- 
nah Jones, dau. of John, of Gwynedd. 

V. Children of Joshua and Hannah : 

99. Judah, m. Sarah Richards, dau. of , Rowland and Lydia, of 
Waynesville, O., and had issue several children, five of whom 
reached married life : (i) Samuel, eldest son, m. Asenath Foulke, 
dau. Evan, from Richland, Bucks Co., and had issue ; (2) 
Margaret, m. Ezra Smith, son of Jacob, from Loudoun Co., Va. , 
and had issue ; (3) Thomas, m. Hannah Moore, dau. Benjamin 
B. and Lydia, and had issue ; (4) Lydia, m. Isaac A. Ogborn, 
son of Joseph and Elizabeth, and d. leaving one dau. ; (5) 
Sarah, m. Joseph Ogborn, son of John and Mary, from Maryland 
(distantly related to Lydia' s husband), and had issue. 

100. John E., m. Hannah Conard, in Belmont Co., O., but left no 


loi. Margaret, m. 1815, George Hatton,> of Indiana, and had one 
son, Robert, who m. Susanna Evens, dau. of Edmund and 
EHzabeth (who were originally from the north of England, but 
had lived near Baltimore, and moved to Indiana in 1832). The 
children of Robert and Susanna E. are, surname Hatton : 
Joseph, Elizabeth E., Sarah, Margaret, Eliza, Robert, Willets, 
Lorenzo, and Edmund. Robert is a minister amongst Friends ; 
resided some time at Easton, Md., now (1884) in Chester Co., Pa. 

I^- (53-) Hugh Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Edward and Mar- 
garet, b. 2d mo. 21, 1752, d. 2d mo. 23, i83i,m. Ann 
Roberts (b. 1745, d. 12th mo. 7, 1823), dau. of Robert and 
Sarah (see No. 26, Roberts Genealogy). The memorial of 
Gwynedd m. m. concerning him says he suffered much dur- 
ing the Revolution " on account of his faithfulness in the 
support of our peaceable testimony against war. 
For above forty years he bore a faithful testimony, both by 
precept and example, against the use of spirituous liquors. 
He was one of the first in his neighborhood who abandoned 
the use of them in hay-time and harvest. He labored much 
on the subject both pubUcly and privately." For many years 
he was an elder, and member of the Yearly Meeting Repre- 
sentative Committee. In 18 16, in consequence of a fall, he 
became lame, so as to be confined to the house for months.^ 

1 George Hatton was b. at Uwchlan, Chester Co., Pa., loth mo. 28, 1790, the son 
of Robert Hatton (b. in Ireland, 7th mo. 14, 1746), who was the son of Joseph and 
Susanna Hatton. (Joseph d. at Waterford, Ireland, in 1759 ; Susanna came to this 

country, and m. Lightfoot, and d. 1781, aged 6i years. Her maiden name was 


* Hugh lived on the property occupied later by his two sons, Joseph and Hugh, 
Jr. (it had been left him by his mother, Margaret Griffith, — see ante), now [1884] Daniel 
Foulke's and the estate of Thos. S. Foulke. Joseph Foulke says in his Journal that of his 
father's children five sisters and two brothers " all remained until the youngest was 22 
years old, without a death or marriage in the family. One sister, however, was several 
years a teacher at Westtown." Joseph also says, concerning his father (Hugh, 53) : 
" I think I never saw him fail, when he undertook : his wisdom and discernment pre- 


V. Children of Hugh and Ann : 

102. Ellen, b. 4th mo. 16, 1775, d. nth mo. 18, 1846, unm. 

103. Mary, b. ist mo. i, 1777, d. 7th mo. 12, 1855, unm. 

104. Cadwallader, b. 1778, d. 1858, m. Ann Shoemaker. ^ 

105. Hannah, b. 8th mo. 14, 1780, d. 12th mo. 12, 1837, unm. 
She was a teacher at Westtown School from 1807 to 181 5. 

106. Sarah, b. 6th mo. 13, 1783, d. 4th mo. 25, 1822, m., 1812, 
Alexander Forman, of New Britain, son of Alexander and Jane, 
and had issue : Gainor, b. 1813, d. 1833; Joseph, b. 1815, d. 
1 88 1 ; Hugh, b. 181 8, m. Jane Hallowell ; Mary, b. 1823, d. 
in inf. 

107. Joseph, b. 1786, d. 1863, m. Elizabeth Shoemaker. ^ 

108. Hugh, b. 1788, d. 1864, m. Martha Shoemaker. ^ 

IV. (56.) Cadwallader Foulke, son of Edward and Margaret, 
b. at Gwynedd, 1758, d. 2d mo. 27, 1808, m., ist, Phcebe 
Ellis, dau. of John and Lucy. Phcebe was b. 1765, and d. 
9th mo., 1802 ("having been married 16 years"), of yellow 
fever, in Philadelphia. Her husband, leaving the city, took 
their daughter Sarah (see below) to his brother Hugh's, at 
Gwynedd ; and went, himself, in 1 806, to Wheeling, Ohio, 
where he m. Ann Chirington. Subsequently, he went on a 
trading voyage, down the Ohio river, and it was believed was 
robbed and thrown overboard by river pirates. (His death, 
as above, was fixed as occurring F'eb. 27, 1808.) 

V. Child of Cadwallader and Pha'bf : 

109. Sarah, b. 4th mo. 27, 1787, d. 7th mo. 27, 1849. She was 
placed, after her mother's death, at Joshua Woolston's boarding- 
school, Fallsington, Bucks Co., and, later (1805), took charge 
of a school at Mansfield, N. J. Having gone West with her 
father, she m. 12th mo., 1809, Wm. Farquhar, who d. iith mo. 

served him from entering upon a fruitless undertaking. But wherever he saw his way, 
he persevered, and would not — using his own words — let ' either the love of ease or the 
dread of conflict ' hinder him from a faithful discharge of duty." 


8, 1810, and her child d. near the same lime. She was a 
teacher at Westtown from 181 1 to 1816, and m. ist mo. 11, 
1816, James Emlen, of Philadelphia, by whom she had issue, 
surname Emlen : 

1. yames, b. loth mo. 16, 1816, d. young. 

2. Mary, b. 3d mo. 2, 1818, m. Chalkley Bell. 

3. Phoebe, b. 4th mo. 12, 1820, m. John Rowland Howell. 

4. Sarah Cresson, b. 4th mo. 19, 1822, m. Wm. P. Bangs. 

5. Anne, b. ist mo. 7, 1824, m. Joseph Howell. 

6. Susan, b. 9th mo. 20, 1826, unm. 

7. Samuel, b. 3d mo. 23, 1829, m. Sarah Williams. 

IV. (58.) Caleb Foulke, son of William and Hannah, b. at 
Gwynedd, 12th mo. 5, 1736, d. ist mo. 25, 181 1, m. in Phila- 
delphia, ist mo. 21, 1762, Jane Jones, eldest dau. of Owen 
and Susanna. (See Evans Genealogy.) Caleb was a mer- 
chant in Philadelphia ; he doubtless went there early in life, 
and engaged in business. His name is among the signers to 
the non-importation agreement of October, 1765. For many 
years his firm consisted of himself and his younger brother 
Amos, the name being " Caleb and Amos Foulke." (Papers 
thus signed I have, of 1774.) Later, however, Amos seems 
to have retired, as the firm in 1790 (and perhaps earlier), was 
" Caleb and Owen Foulke," the junior partner being Caleb's 
eldest son. The latter firm did a large foreign trade ; among 
other things they exported flaxseed and imported linens from 
Newry, Belfast, and Cork. These operations were, however, 
finally disastrous ; at Caleb's death his estate was heavily in- 
volved, a debt to a London firm being large. In 1776 he 
had bought the Owen Evans farm, on the Swedes Ford road 
(now the estate of J. Lukens), and this he made his home 
during the British occupation of Philadelphia, and at other 
times, and perhaps permanently resided there toward the 
close of his hfe. In 18 13, the Sheriff of Montgomery county, 
Isaiah Wells, sold it in the hands of his executors, his sons 


Caleb and Charles, and it was bought by his widow, Jane, 
who sold it to Dr. Joseph Meredith in 1814. Jane d. in 
Germantown in 18 15 ; her will was proved December 14th. 
She appoints her sons Caleb and Charles executors, and 
names her daughters Lowry Jones, (wife of Evan, of 
Gwynedd), and Hannah and Jane Foulke. 

V. Children of Caleb ajtd Jane : 

110. Owen. He was a partner with his father in business in Phila- 
delphia, and in 1798 a member of the First City Troop. In 
later years of his life he practiced law at Sunbury, Pa. He was 
b. in Philadelphia 6th mo. 27, 1763, and d. (and was buried) at 
Gwynedd, 8th mo. 30, 1808. He was (probably) unm. 

111. Caleb, m. Margaret Cullen, Sarah Hodgkiss. W> 

112. Charles, m. Eliza Lowery. No issue. 

113. Hannah, d. unm. 

1 14. Jane, d. unm. 

115. Lowry, m. Samuel Miles, 1 Evan Jones. (See Jones Family.) 

IV. (59.) Levi Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of William and Han- 
nah, b. 3d mo. 20, 1739, d. 6th mo. 27, 181 5, m. Ann Evans 
(No. 103, Evans Genealogy), dau. of Thomas and Hannah. 
Levi received from his father that part of William's estate 
which was occupied in recent years by William Foulke, 
Levi's grandson, and has lately belonged to D. C. Wharton. 
He built the eastern — stone — end of the house, there, and 
the date-stone is marked " L. & A. F." They had but one 
child who lived beyond infancy. 

V. Child of Levi and Ann : 

116. William, b. 1767, d. 1833, m. Margaret Mcllvaine. ^ 

1 Jacob Hiltzheimer's Diary, {Penna. Mag., XVl., 419), December 11, 1795: "At 
12 o'clock Mr. Barge called for me and we went to the house adjoining the Free Quaker 
Meeting, on Arch St. [now the Apprentices' Library], and there drank punch with 
Samuel Miles, Jr., who was married to Caleb Foulke's daughter on the 8th inst." 


IV. (60.) Amos Foulke, of Philadelphia, merchant, son of Wil- 
liam and Hannah, of Gwynedd, b. nth mo. 5, 1740, d. 1791, 
m. 5th mo. 20, 1779, Hannah Jones, dau. of Owen and 
Susanna, of Philadelphia. He was associated in business 
with his eldest brother, Caleb, by the firm name of " Caleb 
and Amos Foulke," and a family tradition said died in the 
yellow fever visitation of 1793. But the Diary of Jacob 
Hiltzheimer, of Philadelphia, {Penna. Mag., XVI., '41 5), says : 
"Aug. 7, 1791. Went to burial of Amos Foulke." This 
seems conclusive as to the year. 

V. Children of Amos aud Hannah : 

117. Susan, b. loth mo. 11, 1781, d. 2d mo. i, 1842, unm. 

118. Edward, b. 1784, d. 1851, m. Tacy Jones. ^ 

119. George, b. 7th mo, 23, 1786, d. 7th mo., 1848, unm. 

IV. (71.) Israel Foulke, son of Samuel and Ann, b. 2d mo. 4, 
1760, d. 9th mo. 27, 1824, m. Elizabeth Roberts, dau. of 
David. (Elizabeth d. 12th mo. 17, 1831, aged 71.) Their 
children are named on the Richland m. m. records ; four 
dying in childhood, the others are given below. 
V. Children of Israel and Elizabeth : 

120. Thomas, b. 12th mo. 31, 1784, d. 6th mo. 4, 1832, m. 1814, 
Sarah Lancaster, (d. 1869, aged 71 years), dau. of Thomas and 
Ann, of Whitemarsh, and had issue : (i) Anne, m. Edward 
Thomas, (d.) of Richland, and has issue : Lancaster, of Philadel- 
phia, druggist ; Hannah ; Edwin, d. ; Irvine, d. ; EUwood, Sallie ; 
and (2) Letitia, (d. 4th mo. 6, 1S96), m. Jehu J. Roberts, (d.) of 
Cheltenham, and had issue : Thomas P., d. ; Annie L., m. 
Robert Croasdale, (d.) ; Carohne ; Sarah, (d.) m. John Walton, 
and had issue : Tacy, m. Charles R. Knight, and has issue. 

121. David, b. 12th mo. 21, 1786, m. Miriam Shaw, dau. of John and 
Phebe, and had issue: Israel, b. 1814, John R., b. 1818. 

David m., 2d, Roberts, of Byberry, and had issue, with 

others : Jane, m. Israel J. Grahame, druggist, Philadelphia. 


122. Hugh, b. 9th mo. 8, 1793, d. 4th mo. 3, 1853, m. Elizabeth 
Roberts, dau. of Levi and Phebe, and had issue 12 children : 
Amos, Barton L., Phebe R., Jordan, Elizabeth, m. Penrose 
Hicks ; Thomas M., Sarah E., Franklin, Abigail Jane, Franklin 
2d, Jane R. and Susan J. 

123. Phebe, b. 12th mo. 7, 1795, d. unm. 

124. Amos, b. 8th mo. 10, 1798. 

IV. {yZ-) Cadwallader Foulke, of Gwynedd, surveyor, son of 
Samuel and Ann, b. at Richland, 7th mo. 14, 1765, d. 3d 
mo. 22, 1830, m. his first cousin, Margaret Foulke (b. 
1 77 1, d. 1845), dau. of Theophilus and Margaret. Cadwal- 
lader removed to Gwynedd about 1805, and bought the 
farm where Gwynedd station now is, belonging in recent 
time to Rodolphus Kent. He was an active and useful man, 
well known as a surveyor ; a sketch of him will be separately 
given. He and his wife had but one son. 

]/. Child of Cadwallader and Margaret : 

125. Benjamin Franklin, b. May 25, 1796, d. Sept. 30, 1845, m. 
Maria Heston Tyson (widow of Jesse), dau. of Levi and Susanna 
Heston. (Maria, b. Dec. 29, 1799, d. Feb. 12, 1829. By her 
first husband she had one son, Jesse Maris Tyson.) Benjamin 
Franklin a-nd. Maria had issue one child, Eleanor, b. 1828, d. in 

IV. (74.) John Foulke, of Richland, son of Samuel and Ann, 
b. 1 2th mo. 6, 1767, d. 4th mo. 5, 1840, m. 1789, Letitl\ 
Roberts (b. 9th mo. 10. 1767, d. loth mo. 18, 1854), dau. 
of Thomas, Jr., and Letitia. A memorial of Richland m. m. 
concerning John says he was a minister, who frequently at- 
tended adjacent meetings, visiting most of those in Philadel- 
phia, Baltimore, Ohio, and Indiana Yearly Meetings. He 
was particularly zealous for the testimonies of Friends against 
slavery and intemperance. " Being a faithful advocate for 


those held in slavery, he pleaded their cause where and when- 
ever opportunity offered ; and, at different times, with the 
approbation of his own meeting, he visited the city of Wash- 
ington, while Congress was in session .... [having 
there] many interesting interviews with those high in office," 
to urge the injustice of slavery, and to ameliorate the condi- 
tion of the slaves. 

V. Children of John and Letitia : 

126. James, b. 1790, d. 4th mo. 8, 1866, m. 181 5, Hannah Shaw, 
and had issue : (i) Abby Ann, b. 1816, d. 1859 ; (2) Stephen, 
b. 1819, m. Matilda Penrose, and has issue ; (3) Sarah, b. 
1822; ^4) John, b. 1830. 

127. Sidney, b. 1791, d. 12th mo., 1862, m. 1822, Samuel Shaw. 

128. Abigail, b. 1794, m. 1833, Thomas Wright. 

129. EHzabeth, b. 1795, m. 1816, John Kinsey, Jr. 

130. Ann, b. 1797, m. 1822, James R. Green. 

131. Hannah, b. 1799, m. 1848, Bartholomew Mather. 

132. Kezia, b. 1804. 

133. Mary, b. 1806, m. 1847, Joseph Paul. 

IV. (75.) Edward Foulke, of Richland, son of John and Mar}\ 
b. 7th mo. 16, 1758, m., ist, Elizabeth Roberts, dau. of 
Thomas, Jr., and Letit a (Elizabeth d. 7th mo. 25, 1793) ; 
and, 2d, m. Ann Roberts, dau. of same parents. 

V. Childrett of Edward and Elizabeth : 

134. Jane, b. 1782, m. William Fussell. 

135. Rowland, b. 1 2th mo. 29, 1783, m. Eliza Maus, and removed to 
Philadelphia. He had issue : including Charles M., Richard, 
and Edward. (Henry B. Foulke, real estate agent, Philad'a, is 
the son of Richard.) 

136. Agnes, b. 1785, d. unm. 

137. Mary R., b. 1787, d. 1847. 

138. John, b. 1789, d. unm. 

139. Edward, b. 1792, d. 1859, m. Matilda Green. ^ 


Children of Edward and Ann : 

140. Joshua, b. 1797, m. Caroline Green (b. 1805), dau. of William 
and Mary, and had issue: Missouri G., m. Milton Roberts; 
Corneha, m. David R. Jamison ; Matilda G., m. same ; Jane, 
m. Lewis Roberts ; Edward, d. in childhood ; Alice, d. in infancy. 

141. Elizabeth, m. Anthony Johnson. 

142. Penninah, m. 

IV. (82.) EvERARD FouLKE, of Richland, .son of Thomas and 
Jane, b. 9th mo. 8, 1755, d. 9th mo. 5, 1827, m. 1778, Ann 
Dehaven. By appointment of the Governor, he was many- 
years a justice of the peace, and he was one of the assessors 
of the United States taxes in 1798, when John Fries raised 
his " Rebellion " in the upper end of Bucks, and in Northamp- 
ton COS., against the collection of the tax, and attacked, in 
Lower Milford and at Quakertown, 'Squire Everard and 
other assessors, forcing them to desist from the performance 
of their duty.' 

V. Children of Ei^erard and Ann : 

143. Abigail, b. 5th mo. 18, 1779, m. Abel Penrose. 

144. Eleanor, b. 7th mo. 18, 1781, d. 4th mo. 28, 1815. 

145. Caleb, b. 1783, d. 1852, m. Jane Green. ^ 

146. Samuel, b. 3d mo. 28, 1786, m. Elizabeth Johnson, and had 
issue : Joseph J., Abigail, Jesse D. 

147. Thomas, b. 4th mo. 13, 1789, d. in Kentucky ; issue two dau's. 

148. Susanna, b. 9th mo. 18, 1791, d. 1883, m. David Johnson. 

149. Anna, b. 5th mo. 3d, 1794, d. 9th mo. 16, 1820. 

150. Margaret, b. 12th mo. 24, 1796, m. Peter Lester, and had issue : 
Anna, m. Aaron B. Ivins ; Mary, d. unm. 

151. Everard, b. 1800, d. 1891, m. Frances Watson. ^ 

IV. (88.) Theophilus Foulke, of Richland, son of Theophilus 
and Margaret, b. 8th mo. 26, 1761, d. 7th mo. 28, 1798, m. 

' The details of this episode will be found in the Report of the Trial, 1799, when 
Fries was convicted of treason ; printed in Philadelphia, 1800. 


Hannah Lester, dau. of John and Jane, of Richland. (Han- 
nah, b. Feb. 2, 1767, d. July 4, 1850.) Theophilus was 
accidentally killed by falling from a tree, which he had climbed 
to release an entangled fishing-line. He was a justice of the 
peace, by appointment of the Governor, and also a member of 
the House of Representatives of Penna., elected in 1794, '95, 
'96, and '97. 

V. Children of Theophilus and Hannah : 

152. Antrim, b. 1793, d. 1861, m. Letitia Lancaster. ^ 

153. Sarah, b. ist mo. 10, 1796, d. loth mo. 25, 1852, m. 1819, 
Richard Moore (b. 4th mo. 20, 1794, d. 4th mo. 30, 1875), son 
of Henry and Priscilla, of Montgomery, and had issue ; sur- 
name Moore : 

1. John Jackson, of Richland, b. nth mo. 17, 1819, d. loth mo. 6, 1895, 

m. Jane, dau. of Isaac and Elizabeth Warner, and had issue : Alfred, 
of Philadelphia, member of the bar ; Ellen ; .Arthur, member of 
the Philadelphia bar. 

2. Hannah, b. 7th mo. 27, 1821, m. loth mo. 5, 1843, William M. Levick, 

of Philadelphia, member of the bar, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth 
W., and has issue : Anna P., Elizabeth J. 

V. (104.) Cadwallader Foulke, of Whitemarsh, son of Hugh 
and Ann, b. loth mo. 28, 1778, d. 6th mo. 7, 1858, m. Ann 
Shoemaker (d. loth mo. 13, 1821, aged 36), dau. of David 
and Jane, of Whitemarsh. 

VI. Children of Cadwallader and Anft : 

154. David, b. nth mo. 24, 1811, d. nth mo. 17, 1896, m. 1867, 
Susan Y. Michener (widow of Lea), dau. of Silas and Hannah 
Shoemaker, of Upper DubHn. 

155. Hannah, b. 2d mo. 16, 1814, d. 9th mo. 8, 1887, m. 1863, 
Mordecai Price, of Little Falls, Md., son of Mordecai and 
Mary D. 

156. Samuel, b. 2d mo. 25, 1816, m. 1849, Anne Jones, dau. of 
Jonathan and EUza, of Plymouth. Samuel d. 4th mo. 23, 1857. 

157. Josiah, b. ist mo. 19, 1819, d. 8th mo. 10, 1848, unm. 


V. (107.) Joseph Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Hugh and Ann, 
b. 5th mo. 22, 1786, d. 2d mo. 15, 1863, m. 18 10, Elizabeth 
Shoemaker, dau. of Daniel and Phebe, of Upper Dublin. 
(Elizabeth, b. 8th mo. 29, 1791, d. 8th mo. i, 1873.) Jo- 
seph was a prominent Friend, a minister of the Society, and 
for many years conducted in Gwynedd a private school for 
boys. A sketch of him will be separately given. 

VI. Children of Joseph and Elizabeth : 

158. Phebe, b. nth mo. 28, 1811, d. 7th mo. 5, 1876, m. 1834, 
Edwin Moore, of Upper Merion (b. 181 1, d. 1894) ; and had is- 
sue : Eliza, m. Issac E. Ambler, of Gwynedd ; Joseph F. (of New 
York) ; Richard F., d. ; Daniel F., m. MeHssa Conrad, Emily 
Ashenfelter ; Edwin, Jr. , m. M. Clarissa Buckwalter, Emma 

159. Daniel, b. 1814, m. Elizabeth Foulke, Lydia Walton. ^ 

160. Thomas, b. 1817, m. Hannah Shoemaker. ^ 

161. Ann, b. 4th mo. 6, 1820, d. 7th mo. 5, 1847, m. 1840, Samuel 
Moore, of Upper Merion, and had issue : Richard, m. Elizabeth 
Carver ; EUzabeth F., m. Benj. L. Hilles ; Henry C, m. Han- 
nah Jones ; Hannah, m. Edwin P. HolUngsworth ; Thomas F., 
d. in infancy. 

162. Sarah, b. 1823, d. 1840, unm. 

163. Joseph, jr., M. D., of Buckingham, Bucks Co., b. 1827, m. 
Carohne Chambers, and has issue : EUzabeth C, Phebe F., 
CaroUne, Hannah, WiUiam D., of Aurora, 111., m., 1895, Flor- 
ence M. Officer; Melissa E., m., 1896, Wm. Sherman Pierce, 
Dixon, 111. 

V. (108.) Hugh Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Hugh and Ann, 
b. 6th mo. 18, 1788, d. 5th mo. i, 1864, m. Martha Shoe- 
maker (b. 3d mo. 6, 1790, d. 4th mo. II, 1868), dau. of 
Thomas and Mary, of Abington. 

VI. Children of Hugh and Martha : 

164. Thomas S., b. 2d mo. i, 1829, d. 4th mo. 10, 1884, m. 1855, 
Phebe W. Shoemaker, dau. of Silas and Hannah, of Upper 


Dublin. Thomas was b. at Abington, but in his childhood his 
parents removed to the family homestead, at Gwynedd. He 
took an active part in township affairs ; was many years clerk of 
Gwynedd monthly meeting ; for some years was clerk in Bank 
of Northern Liberties, Philadelphia; in 1870 became Superin- 
tendent of Swarthmore College, which place he held at his 

165. Hugh, jr., b. 1st mo. 13, 1831. He was for a number of years 
principal of the boarding-school for boys at Gwynedd (established 
originally by his uncle Joseph), and went in 1861 to New York, 
where he was, first, an assistant, but afterwards for several years 
principal teacher of the large school for both sexes, in charge of 
Friends. Impaired health compelled him to give up this en- 
gagement in 1879. 

V. (ill.) Caleb Foulke, Jr., merchant, son of Caleb and Jane, 
b. in Philadelphia 8th mo. 7, 1770, d. there loth mo. 15, 
1823. He was twice married. His first wife whom he m. 
I ith mo. 26, 1795, was Margaret, dau. of Thomas and Sibina 
Cullen, who died 7th mo. 23, 1809, buried at Gwynedd. His 
second wife was Sarah Hodgkiss, widow, of Germantown, 
whom he m. in 18 14. By Margaret he had ten children, five 
of whom survived infancy, and are named below. By Sarah 
he had one daughter, named Sarah, who died unm. 6th mo. 
3, 1834. 

VL Children of Caleb and Margaret : 

166. Louisa, b. in Philadelphia, 12th mo. 21, 1797 ; d. unm. in Jersey 
City, N. J., Oct. 24, 1886 ; buried at Gwynedd. 

167. Jane, b. at Gwynedd, 8th mo. 30, 1799 ! '^- '^ Philadelphia, 
June 20, 1845 I ^- Alexander Hall, and had one son, who d. unm. 

168. Ellen, b. in Philadelphia, 3d mo. 30, 1801 ; m. Samuel Hatfield 
(uncle to Dr. Nathan Hatfield, Sr.) ; d. in Jersey City, July 12, 
1880 ; buried at Gwynedd. 

169. William, b. at West Cain, Chester Co., Pa., 2d mo. 2, 1804, d. 
in Philadelphia, 12th mo. 2, 1847, m. at Hadley, Mass., Oct. 
26, 1830, Lucy Dickinson, and had three children : (i) Char- 


lotte, d. in infancy ; (2) Margaret, b. in Philadelphia, Jan. 13, 
1833 ; m. in Philadelphia, Oct. 25, 1866, Arthur Johnes, of 
New York city (who d. March 27, 1880), and has two living 
children, William F., b. Jan. 15, 1868, and Lucy, b. June 8, 
1870; (3) Edward D., b. February 14, 1837, in Philadelphia; 
d. unm. May 15, 1887. — Both WiUiam and his wife were buried 
at Gwynedd. He was sometime ticket agent of the Phil., Germ, 
and Norristown R. R., at 9th and Green streets, Philadelphia. 
169^ Henry, b. at Berwick, Pa., 2d mo. 9, 1808 ; d. in New York, 
April 20, 1866. He m. Sept. 25, 1832, at the house of her 
brother, Jonathan Trotter, of Brooklyn (then mayor of that city, 
the second in service), Hannah Trotter, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
England. The children of Henry and Hannah Trotter Foulke 
were : (i) William Henry, b. in New York, July i, 1833; m. 
Clara Hoyle of that city. (2) Charles Trotter, b. in New York, 
March 6, 1837 ; m. Emma Gildersleeve, of that city, and has 
issue: Henry, b. Sept. i, 1858; Jane, b. Nov. 19, i860; Jo- 
seph S. , b. Sept. 1 1 , 1 862 ; Frank, b. July 31,1 864. (3) Jane, b. in 
New York, May 18, 1844; m. in Philadelphia, May 7, 1863, 
John Potts Rutter, of Pottstown, Pa. He went to New York, 
1864, became a m.ember of the New York Stock Exchange in 
1870 ; d. s. p., Nov. 6, 1887. (4) Frank, b. in New York, Feb. 
9, 1849 ; m. Mrs. Marguerite Staples Wood, 7iee De Puy, of 
Delaware Water Gap, Pa. 

V. (116.) William Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Levi and Ann, 
b. loth mo. 7, 1767, d. 4th mo. 6, 1833, m. 1793, Mar- 
garet McIlvaine, dau. of John and Lydia. Margaret b. 
2d mo. 14, 1 77 1, d. 2d mo. 4, 1809.) 

VI. Children of William and Margaret : 
170. John M., born ist mo. 18, 1795, d. 3d mo. 13, 1874, m. Ann 
Sinclair. He went to Baltimore, and thence to Cincinnati, en- 
gaging extensively in business, though not ultimately with suc- 
cess. His children were (i) Edward, of Emory, 111., who m. 
Adelaide CoUaday, dau. of Jacob and Julia, and has issue : 
Anna, m. Arthur Pinkham, John, Edward, m., 1895, Gynietha, 
dau. of Stephen and Julia A. Cox ; William Llewelyn, Caroline 


Edith ; and (2) Lydia A., who m. David Wilson, of Evans, 111. 
(She was sometime a teacher of the Friends' school at Gwyn- 
edd, and three years in the United States General Hospital, in 
the Civil War.) 

171. Levi, b. 4th mo. 6, 1796, d. ist mo. 4, 1878, m. Eliza White, of 
Washington, D. C, and had issue : William L., EHza, m. Wil- 
liam Augustus ; Virginia, m. Robert Kirby ; Ella, m. Joseph Dill. 

172. Anna, b. 4th mo. 9, 1798, d. nth mo. 19, 1873, m. Aaron 
Lukens, and had issue : William, d. unm.; Elizabeth, d. unm.; 
David, Margaret A., m. Albin Smedley ; Mary ; Edward, m. 
Sarah ; Ellen, Henry, d. unm. 

173. William, b. 1802, d. 1882, m. Susanna Conrad. "^ 

V. (118.) Edward Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Amos and 
Hannah, b. in Philadelphia, nth mo. 17, 1784, d. at Gwyn- 
edd, 7th mo. 17, 185 1, m. 1 2th mo. 11, 18 10, Tacy Jones, 
dau. of Isaac and Gainor, of Montgomery. His father dying 
when he was but a child, he was brought up by his uncle 
and aunt, Jesse and Priscilla Foulke, at Penllyn, in Gwynedd. 
" He was of a cheerful disposition, and greatly beloved by all 
who knew him, — kind to the poor, to whom he never turned 
a deaf ear." 

VI. Children of Edward and Tacy : 

174. Ann J., b. 9th mo. 15, 1811, d. 6th mo. 25, 1888, m. December 
26, 1832, Dr. Hiram Corson (b. Oct. 8, 1804, d.), son of Joseph 
and Hannah, of Plymouth ; graduate, 1828, of the medical depart- 
ment University of Pennsylvania ; and had issue, surname 
Corson, as follows : 

1. Edward F., b- Oct. 14, 1834, d. June 22, 1864, graduate, M. D., Univ. 

of Penna., assistant surgeon U. S. N., previous to and during War 
of Rebellion. 

2. Joseph K., b. Nov. 22, 1836, graduate in pharmacy and of medicine. 

assistant surgeon U. S. Vols., and U. S. A.; m. Ada, dau. of Judge 
Wm. A. Carter, of Wyoming Territory. 

3. Carolme, b. .April 2, 1839, d. July 20, 1865, unm. 

4. Tacy F. , b. Jan. 26, 1841, m. William L. Cresson, son of James ; and 

has issue. 


5. Charles Follen, grad. Univ. of Penna., member of the bar of Philada. , 

b. Nov. 22, 1842, d. May 30, 1889, m. 1876, Mary, dau. of Lewis A. 
Lukens, of Conshohocken, and 2d, Margaret Slemmer, of Norris- 
town, Pa. 

6. Susan F. , b. Nov. 26, 1868, m. Jawood Lukens, of Conshohocken. 

7. Bertha, b. Dec. 17, 1847, m. James Yocom, of Philadelphia ; issue 

seven children. 

8. Frances S., b. Oct. 25, 1849, m. Richard Day, of Philadelphia; issue 

three children. 

9. Mary, b. Nov. 26, 1852 : unm. 

175. Jesse, b. 6th mo. 23, 1813, d. 2d mo. 15, 1892, unm. 

176. Charles, b. 181 5, d. 1871, m. Harriet M. Corson. ^ 

177. Susan, b. 7th mo. 18, 1818, d. i ith mo. 2, 1886, unm. 

178. Owen, b. 1820, d. in infancy. 

179. Priscilla, b. loth mo. 10, 1821, d. 12th mo. 28, 1882, m. 
Thomas Wistar, son of Thomas , and had issue, four children. 

180. Jonathan, b. 1825, d. in infancy. 

181. Lydia S., b. 2d mo. 18, 1827, d. 8th mo. 27, 1861, m. Charles 
W. Bacon, son of John ; issue, Anna, b. 1853, m. Robert K. 
Neff, Jr. 

182. Rebecca J., b. 5th mo. 18, 1829, m. 1857, Robert R. Corson, 
son of Dr. Richard D. Corson, of New Hope. 

183. Hannah J., b. 9th mo. 18, 1831, m. 1862, Francis Bacon, son 
of John ; issue three children. 

184. Emily, b. 12th mo. 2, 1834, d. 8th mo. 23, 1892, m. Chas. L. 
Bacon, son of Chas. W. 

185. Owen, b. 1838, d. in infancy. 

V. (139.) Edward Foulke, of Richland, son of Edward and 
Elizabeth, b. 5th mo. 26, 1792, d. 2d mo. 16, 1859, "^• 
Matilda Green, dau. of William and Mary. (Matilda, b, 
1st mo. 20, 1809.) 

VI. Children of Edward and Matilda : 

186. Elizabeth, b. ist mo. 31, 1833, m. Jacob B. Edmunds. 

187. Joseph W., b. loth mo. 31, 1834, d., m. Mary Ann Strawn. 

188. William G., of Philadelphia, member of the bar, b. ist mo. 5, 
1837, m. Anna C. Jeanes, dau. of Isaac and Caroline, and has 
issue : Edward, b. 1874, Anna L., b. 1880, Walter L., b. 1882. 

1 89 


Martha R., b. 7th mo. 4, 1839, d. unm. 

Evan, b. 6th mo. 18, 1842, d. unm. 

Mary G., b. 9th mo. 6, 1844, d. unm. 

James, b. 9th mo. 3, 1847 (druj^gist, Jersey City). 

Agnes, b. 3d mo. 29, 1855, d. unm. 

V. (146.) Caleb Foulke, of Richland, son of Everard and Ann, 
b. 8th mo. 29, 1783, d. 2d mo. 22, 1852, m. Jane Green (b. 
2d mo. 8, 1785, d. 3d mo. 3, 1835), dau. of Benjamin and 

VL Children of Caleb and Jane : 

194. Caroline, b. 1808, d. in infancy. 

195. Caroline, b. 2d mo. 25, 1810, d. 12th mo. 17, 1838. 

196. Maryetta, b. 7th mo. 30, 181 1, d. 4th mo. 26, 1851, m. Aaron 
Penrose, and had issue : Benj. F., m. Alice Thompson ; Caro- 
line, m. David J. Ambler ; Rebecca, m. Lewis J. Ambler. 

197. Benjamin G., b. 181 3, m. Jane Mather. ^ 

198. Eleanor, b. 3d mo. 12, 1816, d. 8th mo. 13, 1842, m. Samuel 
J. Levick, and had issue : Jane, m. Edwin A. Jackson, (d. 2nd 
mo. 24, 1896.) 

V. (151.) Everard Foulke, Jr., of Arthur Springs, Illinois, son 
of Everard and Ann, b. 7th mo. 21, 1800, d. 9th mo. 27, 
1891, married 5th mo. 11, 1825, Frances W. Watson, dau. 
of John and Euphemia, of Buckingham, Bucks Co., Pa. 
They removed from Pennsylvania to Clark county, Ohio, in 
1845, and in 1857 to Arthur Springs, four miles south of 
Sidney, Champaign county. 111. He was living there at the 
time of his death. Frances d. 2d mo. 11, 1868, aged 71 
yrs., 8 mos., 17 days. 

VL Children of Everard and Frances : 

199. Watson, b. 1826, m. OlUve Sayles. ^ 

200. William D., b. 1828, m. Alice Thomas. ^ 

201. Jonathan I., b. 3d mo. 20, 1830, d. loth mo. 9, 1858, unm. 

202. Thomas D., b. 1832, m. Maria E. Whiteman. ^ 


203. Euphemia Anna, b. nth mo. 9, 1834, d. infancy. 

204. Lester E., b. 1837, m. Lenora M. Duncan. ^ 

V. (153.) Antrim Foulke, physician, of Gwynedd, son of The- 
ophilus and Hannah, b. at Richland, 3d mo. 21, 1793, d. in 
Philadelphia, 9th mo. 6, 1861, m. Letitia Lancaster, dau. 
of Thomas and Ann, of Whitemarsh. A sketch of him will 
be separately given. (Letitia b. 12th mo. 8, 1799, d. ist 
mo. 6, 1877.) 

VI. Children of Antrim and Letitia : 

205. John L. , b. 2d mo. 14, 1822, d. in Philadelphia, loth mo. 30, 
1870. He was educated at Joseph Foulke' s, and at Benj. Hal- 
lowell's, Alexandria, studied medicine with his father, and gradu- 
ated with distinction from the Univ. of Penna. , in the Class of 
1841. He pursued his profession at Gwynedd with great success, 
his pleasing manners and professional skill securing him a large 
practice. In 1859 he removed to Philadelphia, and practiced 
there. In 1863, he made a voyage to Havana, and in 1864 to 
Liverpool, as surgeon of the packet Saranak ; returning, he 
entered the U. S. service, and continued as a hospital surgeon to 
the end of the war. He m. Jan. i, 1857, Anzonette Poulson (d. 
1863), dau. of Charles A. and Sarah (Wood) Poulson, of Phila- 
delphia, and had one child, Charles Antrim, b. ist mo. i, 1863, 
d. 1 2th mo. 29, 1865. 

206. Ann L., b. 4th mo. 26, 1824, d. 2d mo. 17, 1845, unm. 

207. Henry, b. loth mo. 23, 1825, d. 2d mo. 13, 1864, m. 1852, 
Maria L. Banks, and had issue : (i) William W. , b. 1853, m. 
1884, EHzabeth C. Kent, dau. of Rodolphus (dec'd) and Sarah 
(Clark) Kent ; (2) Letitia L., b. 12th mo., 1854, m. 1880, Ellis 
Clark Kent, son of Rodolphus and Sarah, and has issue, surname 
Kent : Ellis C, jr., b. 1881, Henry Antrim Foulke, b. 1884, 
Edward Lyon, b. 1886, and Lester F., b. 1894 ; (3) May, b. 6th 

mo. 16, 1856, m. Charles O. Beaumont, and has issue surname 
Beaumont, Mason F., b. 1887, Gwen Elizabeth, b. 1890; (4) 
Hannah, b. 8th mo. 12, i860, d. 3d mo. 29, 1876. 

208. Jane, b. 8th mo. 16. 1827, d. 2d mo. 13, 1833. 


209. Hannah, b. 6th mo. 11, 1829, d. 12th mo. 25, 1884, m. 9th mo. 
17, 185 1, Thomas W. Baily, (d. 12th mo. 29, 1893, aged 70 
yrs.), of Philadelphia, son of William and Catharine. 

210. William, b. 6th mo. 9, 1831, d. loth mo. 28, 1855. ^^ studied 
medicine, and had graduated at the University of Pennsylvania, 
in the Class of 1854. 

VI. (160.) Daniel Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of Jo.seph and 
Elizabeth, b. 2d mo. 21, 1814, d. 2nd mo. 18, 1888, m., ist, 
1847, Elizabeth C. Foulke (b. 1827, d. 1849), dau. of Wil- 
liam^ and Susanna, of Gwynedd ; and, 2d, Lydia Walton (d. 
3d mo. 23, 1884), dau. of Joseph, of Chester County. 

VIL Children of Daniel and Elizabeth : 

211. Anna, b. nth mo. 5, 1848, m. Henry S. Colladay ; and has 
issue : Elizabeth F., b. 1871, William F., b. 1873, Henry D. J., 
b. 1878. 

Children of Daniel and Lydia W. : 

212. Edwin M., b. loth mo. 10, 1854, m. Elva Jones, dau. of Mark, 
of Plymouth, and has issue : Esther B., b. 1878, Helen E., b. 
1880, Lydia W., b. 1884, Eliza J., b. 1889. 

213. Abigail W., b. 4th mo. 21, 1856. 

214. Joseph T., b. 4th mo. 24, 1863, member of the bar, Philadelphia 
and Montgomery co., m. loth mo. 5, 1892, Laura L. Lippin- 
cott, dau. of Samuel R. and Hannah B., of Moorestown, N. J., 
and has issue : Thomas A., b. 9th mo. 25, 1893. 

VI. (161.) Thomas Foulke, of New York, son of Joseph and 
Elizabeth, of Gwynedd, b. 5th mo. 28, 18 17, d. ist mo. 24, 
1890, m. 1840, Hannah Shoemaker (b. 2d mo. 25, 1804; d. 
lOth mo. 6, 1 876), dau. of Abraham and Margaret. (Abraham 
Shoemaker was originally of Montgomery county, the elder 
brother of Thomas, of Gwynedd. He became a successful and 
wealthy merchant of New York city.) Soon after his marriage, 

» See No. 17^, this Genealogy. 


Thomas removed to New York, and was there engaged, for 
nearly twenty years, in the public schools, having charge, as 
superintendent, during much of the time, of two of the 
largest grammar schools. (One of these contained 40 teach- 
ers and 2,000 pupils.) In 1861 he resigned to take charge 
of the Friends' Institute, in Rutherford Place, and having 
organized it, conducted this for three years, leaving it then 
to the charge of his nephew, Hugh Foulke, jr. About 1857 
he appeared in the ministry of the Friends, and was subse- 
quently acknowledged as a minister. He traveled exten- 
sively in the exercise of his gift. 

VII. Children of Thomas and Hannah : 

215. William Dudley, b. 1848, m. Mary T. Reeves. ^ 

216. Edwin M., d. in childhood. 
[A dau. d. in infancy.] 

VI. (173.) William Foulke, of Gwynedd, son of William and 
Margaret, b. 2d mo. 24, 1802, d. 7th mo. 12, 1882, m. Su- 
sanna CoNARD (b. 7th mo. 7, 1803, d. 6th mo. 19, 1871), 
dau. of Jonathan and Hannah. 

VII Children of William and Susanna : 

217. Hannah C, b. 3d mo. 12, 1826, d. 7th mo. 16, 1876, m. 1850, 
George A. Newbold, son of Samuel and Abigail, and had issue : 
Clara, WiUiam F. 

218. EUzabeth C, b. 6th mo. 10, 1827, d. 6th mo. 17, 1849, "''• 
Daniel Foulke (No. 160). 

219. Margaretta, b. 9th mo. 11, 1830, d. 12th mo. 18, 1865, m. 1864, 
James Q. Atkinson, of Upper Dublin. 

220. Lewis Morris, of San Francisco, Cal., b. 8th mo. 6, 1832, m. 
Elizabeth Edson, whose family were from Massachusetts. He 
went to California, 1853, and was several years U. S. Supervisor 
of Internal Revenue. His children are : Elizabeth, Edson, Su- 
sanna Marguerite. 


221. Anna M., b. 6th mo. 5, 1834, m. 1855, Charles B. Shoemaker, 
of Cheltenham, son of Richard M. and Amelia B.; and has 
issue : Charles Francis, b. 1856, d. 1876 ; William Y ., b. 1859 ; 
Amelia B., b. 1862, d. 1863 ; Benjamin H., b. 1864; Lewis P'., 
b. 1867 ; Ella F., b. 1873. 

222. Ellen, b. 7th mo. 7, 1838, d. 12th mo. 29, 1863, m. Joseph K. 
Matlack, and had issue : Marian, who m. Sumner G. Brosius, 
and has issue : Charles S. 

223. William Henry, b. 4th mo. 26, 1840, m. Priscilla Frick. 
[Jonathan C, b. 1828, Lydia C, b. 1836, d. in infancy.] 

VI. (176.) Dr. Charles Foulke, of New Hope, Bucks Co., son 
of Edward and Tacy, b. at Gwynedd, Dec, 14, 181 5, d. Dec. 
30, 1 87 1, m. Harriet M. Corson, dau. of Dr. Richard Cor- 
son, of New Hope. Dr. Charles practiced his profess on 
some time at Gwynedd, and then removed to New Hope, 
where he remained. 

Vn. Children of Charles and Harriet M. : 

224. Richard, of New Hope, physician, grad. Univ. of Pennsylvania, 
m. Louisa Vansant, and has issue : Charles, Clarabel, Rebecca, 
d. in childhood. 

225. Edward, of Washington, D. C, m. Eliza Vanhorn, dau. of 

Vanhorn, of Yardleyville, Bucks Co. 

226. Thomas, of Yonkers, N. Y., d. 1883, at New Hope, unm. 

VI. (197.) Benjamin G. Foulke, of Richland, son of Caleb and 
Jane, b. 7th mo. 28, 1813, d. 8th mo. 14, 1888, m. 1837, 
Jane Mather (b. 3d mo. 24, 18 17), dau. of Charles and Jane, 
of Whitpain. Benjamin was Clerk of the men's branch of 
Philadelphia Yearly Meeting from 1873 to 1886, and was a 
business man, conveyancer, and surveyor, highly respected. 

V/L Children of Benjaniin and Ja)ie : 

227. Caleb, b. 12th mo. 3, 1839, d- i°th mo. 20, 1865. 

228. Charles M., b. 7th mo. 25, 1841, was educated at Foulke's 
school, at Gwynedd, and the Friends' Central School, Philad'a, 


entered upon mercantile business in Philad'a, 1861, and retired, 
1872. He m. Dec. 10, 1872, at Paris, France, in the presence 
of the American minister, Hon. E. B. Washburne, Sarah A. 
Gushing, dau. of Horace C. and Harriet C, of New York City ; 
and has issue : Horace C, b. July 6, 1876 ; Helen S., b. July 
12, 1878 ; Gladys, b. April 29, 1881 ; Gwendolyn, b. Dec. 31, 

229. Job Roberts, b. 2d mo. 23, 1843, trust officer of Provident Life 
and Trust Co., of Philadelphia, m. 5th mo. 25, 1869, Emma 
Bullock, dau. of Samuel and Jemima R., of Mt. Holly, N. J., 
and has issue: Rowland R., b. 5th mo. 10, 1874; Rebecca 
Mulford, b. 7th mo. 18, 1875. 

230. Anna, b. 1846. 

231. Jane, b. 1848, d. 1853. 

232. Eleanor, b. 1850. 

VI. (199.) Watson Foulke, son of Everard, Jr., and Frances, 
b. 9th mo. 10, 1826, m. nth mo. 29, i860, Ollive Sayles, 
dau. of Asa and Amy. He served in the war for the Union, 
removed from Illinois to Pretty Prairie, Reno Co., Kansas, 
in 1866, and (1896) is a farmer and stockman. 

VII. Children of WafsoJt and Ollive : 

233. Fannie M., b. nth mo. i, 1861, m. loth mo. 4, 1880, Charles 
B. Haskins ; issue three children. 

234. Asa M., b. 8th mo. 13, 1863, d. in infancy. 

235. Everard L., b. loth mo. 25, 1868. Of Hutchinson, Kansas, 
studied law under Frederick W. Casner, Esq., and was admitted 
to the bar 1895. 

236. Myron S., b. 2d mo. 21, 1872, m. loth mo. 16, 1894, Nora 
Combs. Farmer (1896) Helena, Oklahoma. 

237. Amy Bell, b. 4th mo. 15, 1876. 

238. Grace P., b. 9th mo. 19, 1881. 

VI. (200.) William D. Foulke, son of Everard, Jr., and 
Frances, b. 6th mo. 5, 1828, m. Alice Thomas. He was a 


lawyer in Revesville, Illinois, and removed to Ormond, Flor- 
ida, about 1885 or 1886. 

VIL Children of William D. and Alice : 

239. Susan, d. 

240. Ella. 

241. Jane, d., m. James Cunningham. 

242. Lulu. 

VI. (202.) Thomas DeHaven Foulke, son of Everard, Jr., and 
Frances, b. 7th mo. 27, 1832, d. 9th mo. 11, 1892, m. 12th 
mo. 24, 1868, Maria Eunice Whiteman, dau. of Charles and 
Susanna, of Collingswood, N. J. Thomas was associated 
with his brother Lester as T. D. Foulke & Brother, in con- 
ducting the Arthur Springs Stock Farm at Sidney, 111. In 
1882 he purchased his brother's interest, but later, his health 
failing, he retired from business about five years before his 

VIL Children of Thomas and Maria : 

243. Fannie W., b. nth mo. 5, 1869, m. 1891, Frank M. Ross, 
Longview, Champaign Co., 111. 

244. Charles Whiteman, b. 12th mo. 19, 1871. After being engaged 
in business in Illinois, he came east 1893, and 1896 resided at 
Medford, N. J. 

245. Edith Penrose, b. 3d mo. 22, 1875. Student at Rollins College, 
Winter Park, Fla. ; 1894-6, teacher at Sea Breeze and Enter- 
prise, Fla. 

246. Thomas Everard, b. 3d mo. 2, 1878. Longview, Champaign 
Co., 111. [1896.] 

VI. (204.) Lester E. Foulke, son of Everard, Jr., and Frances, 
b. loth mo. 16, 1837, m. 6th mo. i, 1882, Lenora M. Dun- 
can, dau. of Dr. William and Charlotte. Lester was part- 
ner with his bro. Thos. D. in the stock-farm at Arthur 
Springs, III, removed to Kansas, 1882, and then back to 


Illinois, returned to Kansas, 1892; resides [1896] at Pretty 
Prairie, Kansas. 

VII. Children of Lester E. and Frances : 

247. William E., b. 4th mo. 19, 1883. 

248. Ollie B., b. nth mo. 3, 1884, d. 6th mo. 10, 1886. 

249. Lenora Grace, b. 3d mo. 25, 1886, d. nth mo. 27, 1889. 

250. Ingham T., b. nth mo. n, 1887, d. nth mo. 4, 1889. 

251. Lillian E., b. 3d mo. 25, 1889. 

252. Lester D., b. 9th mo. 7, 1891. 

253. Edward, b. 9th mo. 10, 1893. 

VII. (209.) William Dudley Foulke, of Richmond, Ind., son 
of Thomas and Hannah S., b. New York, i ith mo. 20, 1848, 
m. October, 1872. Mary T. Reeves, dau. of Mark E, and 
Caroline M., of Richmond, Ind. (previously Cincinnati, O.). 
William graduated A. B., 1869, at Columbia College, New 
York city, with the honors of his class for general average 
and Greek; received degree of A. M., in 1872; in 1871, 
after study of law, LL. B. ; was admitted to the bar in New 
York city in May, 1870, and in Indiana in 1876. In Novem- 
ber, 1882, he was elected to the Senate of Indiana for a term 
of four years, and took a prominent position in that body. 
In pubHc affairs, including the movement to reform the Civil 
Service and that to extend suffrage to women, he has taken 
an active and influential part. 

VIII. Children of William D. afid Mary T. : 

254. Caroline R., b. July 28, 1873. 

255. Lydia H., b. September 8, 1875. 

256. Mary T. R., b. November 14, 1879. 

257. Arthur Dudley, b. May 17, 1882, d. Jan. 3, 1887. 

258. Lucy Dudley, b. Jan. 25, 1884, d. Jan. 5, 1887. 

259. Gwendolen Middleton, b. June 23, 1890. 


Additions to Foulke Genealogy. 

V. ( — .) Charles Foulke, of Stroudsburg, Pa., son of Evan 
(No. 80, Foulke Genealogy, see p. 254), and Sarah, b. 2d 
mo. 26, 1801, d. 3d mo. i, 1883, m. 6th mo. 6, 1831, 
Catharine P. Edkin, dau. of Francis and Joanna. Catha- 
rine b. 3d mo. 9, 1809, d. 1 2th mo. 17, 1890. She was an 
esteemed minister of the Society of Friends, her ministry 
approved 1847, ^'^^ ^ woman of remarkable strength of char- 
acter and energy. A memorial of her was prepared by Rich- 
land Monthly Meeting, 1892. It mentions that she had 
" upwards of thirty times " received liberty from her meet- 
ing to travel in the service of the Truth. 

VI. Children of Charles M. and Catharine : 

260. Frances A., b. 4th mo. 22, 1832, d. 7th mo. 13, 1889. 

261. Sarah Jane, b. 6th mo. 11, 1834, d. in her 15th year. 

262. Susan L., b. loth mo. 6, 1836. 

263. Joseph F., b. loth mo. 24, 1838, m. CaroUne McCully, and has 
issue : Maria, Charles M., Helen. 

264. Hannah M., b. loth mo. 11, 1840, m. Sydenham Rhodes, and 
has issue, surname Rhodes, four children : (i) Joseph F., m. 
Matilda Snyder ; (2) Anna, m. WiUiam Hager ; (3) Arthur, m. 
Estelle Hager ; (4) Edna, m. William Latham. 

265. Samuel L., b. 9th mo. 4, 1842, m. Mary Wolf, a granddaughter 
of Governor (of Pennsylvania) George Wolf, and has issue : 
Benjamin T., Elizabeth, Marguerite. 

266. Tacy, b. 5th mo. 6, 1844. -\ 

267. Kesiah, b. 5th mo. 6, 1844. I ^- ''' ^"^^'''^^- 

268. Martha E., b. 5th mo. 6, 1845, "^- J- P- B. Primrose, and has 
issue, surname Primrose, five children : Theodore, Elizabeth 
W., Walter, Joseph, WiUiam. 

269. Mary, b. 3d mo. 9, 1848, ■» d. in infancy. 

270. EHzabeth, b. 3d mo. 9, 1848, ] m. Theodore G. Wolf, and has 
issue, surname Wolf, one son, Wm. Scranton. 


VI. ( — .) Dr. Hiram Corson, who married Ann Jones Foulke 
(No. 174, Foulke Genealogy, see page 269), died at his home 
at Plymouth Meeting, Pa., Third mo. 4, 1896. He was the 
son of Joseph and Hannah (Dickinson) Corson. As he was 
born Tenth mo. 8, 1804, he was in his 92d year at his de- 
cease. He began the study of medicine with his cousin, 
Dr. Richard D. Corson, of New Hope, Penna., and in 
1828 graduated from the medical department of the Univ. of 
Penna., after which he practiced his profession at Plymouth 
for 67 years, retiring entirely only about a year before his 

He was conspicuous in the profession for his progressive 
views, for his advocacy of the claims of women to medical 
education and position, and for his efforts to have the female 
insane under care of women physicians. He was also an 
earnest abolitionist, and advocate of temperance. A notice 
in Friends' hitelligencer says : 

" Dr. Corson's prominence in his profession was largely 
due to his independence and earnestness in the advocacy of 
progressive methods. He was among the first to insist upon 
the admission of women into the profession, and his niece. 
Dr. Adamson (Dr. Dolley), was one of the first of the wo- 
men who entered it. His efforts to secure women physicians 
a standing in the medical societies, and to have them ap- 
pointed to the charge of female patients in the insane hospi- 
tals occupied him during many years, and have been, in Penn- 
sylvania and other States, largely successful. He early op- 
posed the use of alcoholic liquors in the treatment of patients 
and almost banished them from his materia viedica. He was 
not only the champion of temperance at home, but fre- 
quently introduced the subject at the State and national medi- 


cal societies. He was the author of numerous papers on 
the treatment of scarlet fever and diphtheria, and very early 
permitted the use of cold water and ice by his patients, in 
eruptive diseases, — at a time when generally such treatment 
was regarded as impossible. Remarkable physical energy 
and mental activity characterized him throughout life. He 
wrote many papers on medical subjects, and on social ques- 
tions. For seven years, 1877-84, he was one of the Trus- 
tees of the State Hospital for the Insane, at Harrisburg. He 
was founder of the Montgomery County Medical Society in 
1847, and president of it in 1849. He was elected member 
of the Pennsylvania Medical Society in 1849, ^-nd president 
of the State Medical Society in 1852 ; member of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, 1 862 ; associate member of the 
Philadelphia Obstetric Society, 1 874 ; associate fellow of the 
Philadelphia College of Physicians, 1876 ; honorary member 
of the Harrisburg Pathological Society, 1881 ; honorary 
member of the American Association of Obstetricians and 
Gynaecologists, 1892. 

" Dr. Corson's last appearance in public as a representa- 
tive of his profession was on June 5, 1895, at a meeting of 
the Montgomery County Medical Society. On that occasion, 
referring to his long career as a practitioner, he said one of 
his present patients was a child whose mother, grandmother, 
and great-grandmother he attended professionally, being 
present at the birth of three of the representatives of four 


The Early Roads. 

NATURALLY, roads to meeting, to mill, and to market, 
required immediate attention. For thirty years after the 
first arrival they formed one of the most important objects of the 
settlers' concern. Their desire for a road to Philadelphia was 
among the first shown. To the Court of Quarter Sessions of 
Philadelphia county, June, 1704, there was presented " the peti- 
tion of the inhabitants of North Wales," who recite " that there 
are in the said Township above thirty families already settled, 
and probably many more to settle in and about the same, espe- 
cially to the northward thereof, and as yet there is no road laid 
out to accommodate your petitioners, but what Roads or Paths 
have formerly been marked are removed by some and stopped by 
others : " they therefore ask an order from the court for " a 
Road or Cartway from Philadelphia through Germantown to the 
utmost of their above-mentioned Township of North Wales." 

Upon this, the court " ordered that the said road [be laid 
out] from Philadelphia through Germantown, and so to the house 
of Edward Morgan, in North Wales, and that Edmund Orpwood, 
Robert Adams, William Howell, John Humphrey, Toby Leech, 
John Cook, Robert Jones, Owen Roberts, or any six of them, 
do lay out said road, and make return at the next sessions." 

This road appears to have been laid out at this date — say 
1704-5. It began at Whitemarsh,' went past where Spring- 

1 From Whitemarsh up, this was called "the North Wales road." In 1713, the 
" inhabitants of Bebber Township," — now Perkiomen, — asking for a road from Skip- 
pack downward, desired it should go " unto the North Wales, or Gwynedd road, at 
Edward Farmer's mill." 



House now is, and then up through the township, substantially 
on the bed of the present turnpike. That it extended as far as 
what is now Towamencin, is fairly certain, because Edward 
Morgan had his lands there, above the Gwynedd line. " The 
house of Edward Morgan," mentioned in the order of court, was 
most probably not "in North Wales," but over the line, in 

Even earlier than this, however, the " Welsh road " originated. 
The mills on Pennypack creek, above Huntingdon Valley and 
below, were the first to which the settlers turned their attention, 
and their road from Gwynedd down was begun as early as 1702. 
At the March sessions of court, 171 1, a petition was presented, 
reciting as follows : 

That whereas for about nine years past a road was laid out from a 
bridge in the Hne between the lands of John Humphrey and Edward Foulk 
in Gwynedd to the mills on Pemapeck, which said road having been and is 
likely to be of a general service to several of the adjacent townships as well 
as the undersigned, and not being yet confirmed by authority and re- 
corded, [they ask it may be laid out, etc. The signers are as follows :] 

William Jones, 
Thomas Evan, 
Jno. Hugh, 
Robert Jones, 
Edward Ffoulk, 
Robert Evan, 
Owen Evan, 
Jno. Humphrey, 
Cadwalader Evan, 
Thomas Foulke, 
Cadwalader Jones, 
Nichlas Robert, 
Elhs Hugh, 
Edward Morgan, 
Richard Lewis, 
Morris Edward, 
Richard Whitton, 

Edman Maguah, 
Hugh Evan, 
Evan Griffith, 
Hugh Griffith, 
Evan Jones, 
Evan Griffith, 
Hugh Robert, 
Ellis Lewis, 
Evan Pugh, 
Robert Humphrey, 
John Robert, 
Ellis Roberts, 
John Roberts, 
Robert Thomas, 
Samuel Thomas, 
Alexander Edward, 
Hugh Griffith, 

Ellis Davis, 
Rowland Hughs, 
George Lewis, 
Edward Roberts, 
Rowland Robert, 
Evan Evans, 
Jno. Evans, 
Hugh Foulke, 
Evan Evans, 
Morris Robert, 
John William, 
David Jones, 
Richard Pugh, 
Humphre)' Ellis, 
John Barnes, 
Jo. Iredell, 
Peter Davis, 


John Morgan, Robert Ffletcher, Uimas Luckens, 

Wm. Roberts, Thomas Canby, Thomas Palmer, 

John Cadwalader, Thomas Roberts, Robert Whitton. 

The court appointed as viewers John Cadwalader, Thomas 
Kinderdine, Robert Jones, Rowland Hugh, Owen Evan, and 
Thomas Canby, who at the June session (17 12), reported the 
road, which they had laid out on March 28th. Their report, 
however, is endorsed : " There being a question against this re- 
turn, the court ordered a review, and appointed Toby Leech, 
Thomas Rutter, Benjamin Duffield, Peter Taylor, and Robert 
Jones, of Merion," to make it. The remonstrance, as found in 
the file of court records, was as follows : 

The Petition of Robert Evans,' of the Township of Gwynedd, in the 
said county, Thomas Siddon and Ephraim Heaton, both of the said county, 
humbly sheweth : [That the road as laid out from Gwynedd to Pemapeck 
Mills will incommode and injure the signers. They assign the following 
specifications] : 

1. For that it cuts the sd Robert' Evan's land, being but 150 acres, so 
that 40 acres of it is separated from the water. 

2. For that this road very much incommodes your petitioner Thomas 
Siddon' s lands, and cuts your petitioner Ephraim Heaton' s land cross from 
one corner to another, and is laid out through his corn-field. 

3. For that the greater part, if not all those that laid out this Road 
were either Petitioners or Contenders for it. 

'This Robert Evans was not the same person as Robert Evans (of the four 
brothers), who owned the tract in the central part of the township. (The expression 
" lower tract," added to the name of Robert Evans, in the list of property holders on 
page 58, may be misleading.) This lower Robert Evans, whose tract of 250 acres 
must have covered part at least of the site of the present village of Spring-House, and 
extended to the Horsham line, is distinguished as Robert Evans Prythra, in the sub- 
scription paper of 1712 for building the meeting-house of the Friends ; (he was one of 
the committee of eight in charge of the erection); and in the list of taxables, 1734, (see 
list later, in this volume), he is called, probably more correctly, Robert Evans ap Rhi- 
derth. In 1745 he was living in Hilltown, and he then sold 200 acres of his Gwynedd 
land to his son Evan Evans. He died about 1747 ; his will was proved February 12, 
that year. He names his son Evan Evans, his grandsons Robert and Jonathan Evans, 
and daughter Elizabeth Jarvis, and leaves ^^3 to Gwynedd Preparative Meeting. 



4. For that when Joseph Fisher's land comes to be settled the lands of 
several inhabitants of Gwynedd and others must be cut in pieces to branch 
into the road as now laid out, whereas if it had gone up that division line 
between the sd Fisher and Gwynedd, it would be a more general accommo- 
dation and bring the Road along your petitioners Heaton's and Siddon's 
lines upon a more direct course and better answers the Inhabitants on both 
sides the last mentioned line, there being two townships already settled 
with many families, joyning upon Gwynedd township above the said 
Fisher's tract. 

[They therefore ask a hearing, with the opportunity to prove their case. 
The signers are as follows] : 

Joseph Ffishore, 
David Marple, 
Peter Lester, 
Thomas How, 
James Haines, 
Nath. Page, 
Patrick Holly, 
Samuel Hallowell, 
David James, 
Methusaleh Griffith, 
Bartholomew Longstreth, 
John Hurford, 
Mathis Tyssen, 
Willem Hendricks, 
John Cunnard, 
John Huntsman, 
Joseph Charlesworth, 

benjamin Charlesworth, 
Evan Morgan, 
John Nash, 
William Rundols, 
Thomas Fitzwater, 
John Bradfield, 
Joseph Hall, 
Thomas Hallowell, 
Joshua Holt, 
James McVeagh, 
Abra'm Griffith, 
George Phillips, 
Allen Foster, 
Nicholas Scull, 
John ffisher, 
Richard Rogan, 
Alexander Guah, 

Fd. Barch, 
Mikel trump, 
Nicholas Hicket, 
Richard Carver, 
George Burson, 
John Trout, 
Thomas Siddon, 
Rouberd Evan, 
Ephraim Heatton, 
William Story, 
Abraham hill, 
John Evans, 
Morris Davies, 
Henry Jones, 
William Roberts, 
Thomas David. 

The second jury made their report to the court at the March 
sessions, 1712. They located the road' somewhat differently 
from the previous jury, though not with any important variation. 
Their last course and distance was precisely the same : " north 
59 degrees west, 166 perches to the above said bridge " [at John 
Humphrey's] . 

^ This road was the present " Welsh road," up as far as the point on the Horsham 
and Upper Dublin line, near Pennville, and above that point the road by Three Tuns up 
to the Spring-House. The Welsh road, up the township line above Pennville, was 
opened several years later. 


At the June sessions, 17 14, the following petition was 
presented : 

The humble petition of several of the inhabitants of Montgomery, 
Gvvinedth, and Richlands, within the said county, showeth : 

That your petitioners many of them being newly settled in these parts, 
having want of roads to meetings, mills, and market, do therefore pray 
this Worshipful Court that you will be pleased to order a Convenient road 
to be laid out from Joseph Growden's plantation in Richlands aforesaid to 
John Humphrey's at North Wales. 

The court thereupon appointed Edward Farmer, Thomas 
Rutter, Thomas Siddon, Robert Jones, of Merion, Thomas Jones, 
and Robert Evan, or any four of them, a jury of view. 

At the March sessions, 171 5, the following petition was 
presented : 

The petition of the subscribers, inhabitants of Gwynedd, Montgomery, 
Skippack, and other of the adjacent townships, humbly sheweth : 

That inasmuch as the mill late of David Wilhams in plymouthi is built 
on a spring which neither the Drought of Sumer nor winter's ffrost hinders 
from supplying the neighbourhood with grinding when all or most of the 
other mills are dormant our and others being so sup- 
ply' d in times of such necessity lays [us] under great obhgations to fre- 
quent the said mill [they therefore ask convenient roads to it] several of 
which said roads have been made use for these tenn or twelve years past, 
but obstructed at the pleasure of ill minded and contentious persons. 
[They then suggest the roads as named in the record of the court, adding] 
and your petitioners bringing their corn to mill in order to bring the meal 
to markett another road wants a confirmation leading from the said mill to 
the Great Road from Parkysomeny to Philadelphia, without which your 
petitioners must labor under great hardships and difficulties, for what is 
more necessary than a Convenient road to places of worship and to mills 
and marketts " [etc. The petition is signed by thirty persons, most of them 
Gwynedd people]. 

1 This was a geographical error. The mill was situated at Spring Mill (as now 
known) in Whitemarsh. 


The jury on this were William Harman, Matthew Holgate, 
Rowland Ellis, jr., Richard Jones, John Rhodes, and Thomas 
Stroud, who laid out the road from the meeting-house, at Gwyn- 
edd, to the mill on the Schuylkill — now Spring mill — owned 
then by Anthony Morris and Robert Jones ; and from the mill 
eastward to the Perkiomen road, at a point just below where the 
village of Barren Hill now is. They made their return to June 
sessions, 17 16, giving the courses and distances, " beginning at 
a corner tree of Robert Evans's land, about 1 5 perches north-east 
from the said Gwynedd meeting-house." The first half-dozen of 
courses and distances are as follows : " South 12° w., 440 p. ; s. 
45° w., 30 p.; s. 12° w., 500 p.; s. 28° w., 130 p.; s. 45° w., 138 
p.; s. 13° e., 80 p.; s. 4° e., 52 p.;" etc., etc. 

The location of this road did not, it appears, give universal 
satisfaction. At the same sessions, — June, 17 16, — a remon- 
strance was presented from a resident of Gwynedd, as follows : 

The petition of David Jones, of Gwynedd,' in the county of Philadel- 
phia, humbly sheweth : That inasmuch as by force and virtue of a late 
order of court for a road to be laid out for the use and service of Robert 
Jones and Anthony Morris in Whitemarsh, your petitioner, upon the laying 
out of the same is much damnified and discommoded by so dividing and 
parceling one hundred acres of land, the tract of your petitioner, that he, 
your said qetitioner must unavoidably leave his settlement except relieved 
by this honorable court, which it's presumed may be easily done by carry- 
ing the said road to the line a few perches off, which when done the same 
may be as commodious without either damnifying your petitioner or any 
other to his knowledge. There is another road laid out by Thomas Fair- 
man about 10 or 12 years ago, that goes through part of my land without 
so much damnifying me, which said road is now turned, to my consider- 
able damage, to save discommoding the large tracts of others, but I am 

1 David Jones owned the farm, now [1884] Eliza S. Davis's, on the Plymouth 
road, by the Wissahickon. A draft of the road, among the files of the Court, shows 
his house located on the east or lower side of the road, and it is probable that this 
crossed the Wissahickon above the present bridge, and nearer to the State road. 


ready and willing the old road should be continued, and to allow more 
land to enlarge it, if required. 

At the same time a remonstrance was presented from White- 
marsh township concerning the location of roads " to and from 
Robert Jones's mill to divers points in this county," and espe- 
cially representing that one " from his mill up to the great road 
that goes to Whitemarsh mill and so thence to town " was solely 
for Robert Jones's private benefit, and would be very expensive 
to the township. Upon this Abraham Dawes, Isaac Dilbeck, 
John Ball, Thomas Strod, John Hank, and John Nicholls were 
appointed. The court, however, received at the same sessions 
the report of the original jury, and approved it, as appears by 
the following record : 

Pursuant to an order of Court held for this City and County last March, 
wherein it was ordered that we should view and lay out certain roads lead- 
ing from North Wales and adjacent settlements to Plymouth, thence to 
Robert Jones's mill, and so to the road leading from Perkioming to Phila- 
delphia ; which said roads, after view and Consideration thereof [we] 
think convenient to make return of the same according to the several 
courses and distances and a draft of the whole hereunto annexed. (Signed 
by Wilham Harman, Matthew Holgate, Rowland Ellis, jun., Richard 
Jones, John Rhodes, Thomas Stroud.) 

Which is confirmed by the court. The mill is to be at the charge of 
cutting the Road from the mill to the great road, and after cut to be main- 
tained as other roads are. 

But it seems that general acquiescence was not given to the 
location of the road, even after it had been formally located by 
the court, and the following report was filed at the December 
sessions, 1716 : 

Thomas Ellis, Constable of Whitpain Township, presents John Hunts- 
man and Edward Endehaven for stopping up the great road laid out from 
Gwynedd meeting-house to Plymouth meeting-house, and to Anthoney Mor- 
ris and Robert Jones his mill, which said road was laid out and allowed by 


all the Inhabitants of the Township the same runns thro' ye said Hunts- 
man and Endehaven [and they] have this fall plowed and sowed their land' 
and fenced in the said road and still refuse to open the same tho' often 
thereunto required. 

At the December sessions, 17 17, the following petition was 
presented : 

To the Honorable the Justices at the County Court of Quarterly Ses- 
sions, held at Philadelphia the 2d day of December, 171 7. The petition 
of the subscribers. Inhabitants of the Township of Montgomery and the 
parts adjacent humbly sheweth : That your petitioners and others the 
neighboring inhabitants are very much incommoded for want of a road 
from Montgomery aforesaid to the great road from the Township of Gwyn- 
edd to Philadelphia, wherefore [they suggest that a convenient one to meet- 
ing and market would be] beginning at the plantation of Theophilus Wil- 
liams and now thence as near as may be on a direct course to John Hum- 
phrey's Bridge on the great road aforesaid. [The signers of this petition 
are as follows :] 

John Williams, John Roberts, Joseph Bate, 

Evan Griffith, George Lewis, Theophilus Williams, 

Griffith Hugh, William Williams, Morris Davis, 

Rowland Roberts, William Story, Jenkin Evans, 

John David, Richard Lewis, Cadwallader Morris. 

David Hugh, Francis Dawes, William Morgan, 

John Johnson, Garatt Petterson, John Bartholomew. 

The court thereupon appointed as a jury of view : David 
Potts, William Harmer, Isaac Knight, Morris Morris, Toby 
Leech, jun., and Humphrey Bates, who at. the March sessions, 
1 7 17, made the following return : 

And now here at this day, viz., at the Sessions of the Peace of our 
Lord the King held at Philadelphia, came the aforesaid [jury just named] 
and return that pursuant to an order of Court bearing date the second day 
of December, anno 17 17, for the laying out a road from Theophilus Wil- 
liams's plantation thro' the township of Montgomery to the great road from 
Gwynedth to Philadelphia, they had laid out the said road : Beginning at 
a hickory tree standing on the bank of Neshaminy Creek, in Theophilus 
Williams's land, thence s. 19° e., 20 p. ; s. 30° e., 120 p.; s. 12° e., 70 p.; 


s. 5° w., 46 p.; s. 3° w., 124 p.; s. 40° e., 72 p.; s. 190 p.; s. 24° e., 
100 p.; s. 11° e., no p.; s. 24° e., 360 p.; s. 4° w., 486 p.; s. 16° w., 
90 p.; s. 56° w., 48 p., to the Gwynedth road about 8 perches to the south- 
ward of a bridge on the Gwynedth road commonly called John Humphrey's 
bridge. Which said road is by this Court confirmed. 

A draft of the road thus laid out is among the court files. It 
shows the beginning squarely from the bank of the creek, the 
course generally southward, until in the last course it bears 
sharply westward and comes into the Gwynedd road nearly at 
a right angle. It is, obviously, the old road, which the present 
Spring-House and Hilltown turnpike substantially follows. ^ 

At the December sessions, 172 1, there is the following 
record : 

Upon the petition of Rowland Hughes and Robert Humphreys of the 
township of Gwynedth, setting forth the necessity of a road to be laid out 
from their plantations to the great road leading to Philadelphia by a school- 
house lately erected' by their neighborhood, which said road might be laid 
out thro' the partition lines without detriment to any person. [The court 
appointed as a jury :] Edward Farmer, Rowland Ellis, Everard Bolton, 
Toby Leech, jr., Humphrey Ball [Bate?], and John Jones, carpenter, or 
some four of them. [The petition of Hugh and Humphrey, on the files 
of the court, recites that they " being of late debarr'd of a direct road from 
their habitations to the great road from Philadelphia to and through Gwyn- 
edd aforesaid " — " inasmuch as several of the neighbourhood in conjunc- 
tion with your petitioners have erected a school-house upon the great road 
aforesaid," — they desire a road from Robert Humphrey's "by the said 

At the September sessions, 1723, " divers of the inhabitants 
of the Townships of North Wales and Horsham" asked a road 
"from the corner of Ephraim Heaton's field to Horsham meet- 
ing-house," whereupon the court appointed John Cadwalader, 
John Evans, John Humphrey, Rowland Hugh, Thomas Iredell, 

1 This is the first evidence I have of a school in the township. 


Sampson Davis, or any four of them, a jury. December, 1723, 
they reported that on November 27th, " with the assistance of a 
surveyor " (Peter Taylor) they laid it out, " Beginning at or in 
the North Wales road, near the corner of the said Ephraim 
Heaton's field, thence e. 14)^° n., 440 p.; e. 14° n., 144 p.; thence 
s. e. along Fisher's line, 208 p.; thence e. 5° s., 92 p., to Hor- 
sham meeting-house." Which report the court confirmed, nisi. 
At the March sessions, 1727 : 

Upon the petition of several of the inhabitants of the county of Phila- 
delphia [representing their want of roads] to places of Worship, Mills, and 
Market, [and asking] a road to be laid out, beginning at or near a creek 
by John Jones' house, in the upper part of Gwynedth township and turn 
off at the Great Road through some part of the said John Jones' land to 
the Susquehannah Road or Line, six or seven miles along the same and 
running partly by the meeting-house and Garret Clement's mill to a branch 
of Perkyoming Creek ; [the Court ordered that] Henry Penebecker, John 
Jones, of North Wales, John Newberry, WiUiam Harmar, Peter Wence, 
and William Roberts, or any four of them, do view and judge if there be 
occasion for the road petitioned for, and if one road can be laid out to ac- 
commodate the said petitioners and those of Skippack who now petition 
for a road from a branch of the Perkyoming to the said Skippack Road, 
and if they judge that there is necessity for a road ' ' [then to lay it out, etc.] . 

The original petition referred to in this record remains on file. 
It is signed mainly by residents in Towamencin, thirty names 
altogether. Nearly half sign in German, and some of these are 
undecipherable. As far as can be made out they are as follows : 

Jacob Gaedtschalck, Joseph Lucken, Christian Kuntzig, 

Gaetschalck Gaetschalck, John Edwards, Carl Ludwig Raeber, 

hendry hendricks, Jacob Hill, Andreas Schwartz, 

William Nash, Christopher Buhler, Nicholas Enser, 

Herman Gaedschalck, Hans Lebo, Chr. Meyer, 

Abraham Lucken, Gabriel Beyer, Christian Breneman. 

Hugh Evan, John Lucken, 

The jury made their return to the June court [1728], that 
they had laid out a road, " Beginning at the Beech Tree near the 


North Branch of Parkyoming ; thence n. 76° e. 48 perches, 
thence s. e. 262 p., thence s. 22° e. 52 p., thence s. 25° e. 90 p., 
thence [by eleven courses] to Skippack creek, thence s. 67° e. 
26 p., thence s. e. 424 p., to Hugh Evan's fence ; thence e. 16 p., 
thence s. 12° e. 18 p., thence s. e. 219 p., thence s. 40° e. 146 p., 
thence s. 62° e. 150 p. to the great road going along by John 
John's at North Wales to Philadelphia." Which report the 
court confirmed, nisi. 

At the June Sessions, 1728, there was presented the fol- 
lowing : 

The petition of the subscribers Inhabitants of Montgomery and the 
adjacent parts, on behalf of themselves and others, humbly sheweth : 
That your petitioners and others having long labored under divers difficul- 
ties and inconveniences occasioned by the want of a legally established 
road leading to public places of Worship, Markett & Mill are by necessity 
constrained to make application [for a road] leading fromiand beginning at 
the Bucks County hne in the Line dividing the Lands now or late of An- 
drew Hamilton and Thomas Shute and running along the said Division 
Line and then taking and running along the 'line dividing the lands of John 
Roberts [black] -smith, and Garrett Peters, to Gwynedd meeting-house and 
answering (in a straight line) the road leading thence directly to Robert 
Jones and Anthony Morris his mill. [Signed by :] 

Joseph Naylor, Samuel Thomas, Jno. Bartholomew, 

Thomas Reess, Theophilus Williams, Griffe Hugh, 

Griffith Evans, John David, James Davies, 

George Shoumaker, John Williams, David Evans, 

daniel Kirk [?] William Morgan, David Johns, 

John Richard, Evan Steven, Joseph Eaton, 

Thomas Edward, Garet Peters, Rowland Roberts, 

Daniel Williams, John Jones, Th. Bartholomew, 

Richard Williams, John Robert, Joseph Ambler. 

Upon this petition the Court appointed Rowland Hugh, 
Robert Humphrey, Humphrey Jones, George Lewis, Evan 
Griffith, and Rees Harry a jury. They made their report (signed 
by all but Harry) to the September Court, stating that they had 


surveyed a road on the 19th of 6th month (August), and located 
it as follows : 

From Bucks County line, beginning at a black oak in the said line, 
thence s. 44° w. along a straight line 316 p., dividing the lands of Andrew- 
Hamilton and Thomas Shute, thence s. 63° w. 18 p. to a black oak ; thence 
upon a straight line s. 44° w. 140 p., thence s. 67° w. 72 p.; thence s. 44° w. 
along a straight line 360 p., dividing the lands of John Bartholomew and 
Rowland Roberts, John Roberts [black] -smith, and Garrett Peterson ; thence 
s. 3° e. 196 p.; thence s. 44° w. 174 p. ; thence s. 15° w. 55 p.; thence s. 
45° w. lo p. ; thence s. 3° w. 80 p.; thence s. 25° w. 30 p., falling into the 
great road by Gwynedd meeting-house, answering the end of the road that 
leads to Robert Jones's and Anthony Morris's mill. 

This return the Court confirmed, nisi. A draft submitted 
with the report shows that Andrew Hamilton's land in Mont- 
gomery (he owned also on the Bucks side of the county line), 
lay along the lower side of the new road, with Shute's land on 
the upper side. The end of the road at Gwynedd meeting-house 
met directly the road to Plymouth, and so formed a cross-roads 
with the "great road" running upward through Gwynedd. 

At the September Court, 1731, was presented the following : 

We ye inhabitants of the Township of Montgomery and others near 
joyning,' Humbly petition : Whereas there is a road Lately laid out and 
confirmed at the last court of Quarter Sessions held at Newtown for ve 
County of Bucks, beginning at James David's corner on ye county Line 
and thence Leading to pine Run mills'* and to Buckingham meeting-house, 
which road will be very usefull to us and those near us in the Countv of 
Bucks in order to pass & Repass to ye said pine run mills and also to mar- 
kett and to have intercourse between several places of worship. [They 
therefore ask] an order to extend ye said road into this township from ye 

1 The majority of the signers, Edward Mathews says (private letter to the author), 
were residents of New Britain township. One of them, Simon Mathews, was the first 
of the family here. He came in 1712, and bought land of James Steel, between Chal- 
font and New Britain station, in 1720. 

^ Pine Run mills stood where the village of Chalfont now is. 


county line as far as ye great road and to fall into the same by or near 
Isaac James's corner, and to branch out somewhere near Isaac James, as 
may be thought most convenient to lead to ye Baptist meeting-house in 
this township. [Signed by] 

Thomas James, Jno. Davis, Thomas Rees, 

Evan Steven, Thomas Levifis, Thomas John, 

David Stevens, David James, Joseph Naylor, 

William George, Griffith Hugh, John Roberts, 

Simon Mathews, Joseph Eaton, George Lewis, 

William Morgan, Thos. Bartholomew, Richard Lewis, 

Benj. Griflfith, James David, William Williams, 

Griffith Owen, Simon Butler, Samuel Thomas, 

Isaac Evan, William Thomas, Joseph Ambler. 

Upon this petition the Court appointed John Jones, carpen- 
ter, John David, of Plymouth, Theophilus Williams, Joseph Bates, 
David Evans, and Jenkin Evans a jury, who reported at Decem- 
ber Court, and presented a good draft of their road, showing not 
only its courses and distances, but the land-holders on each side, 
and even the topographical features. The road ended by " com- 
ing into the great road at Isaac James's corner," but a branch 
from a point east of this ran up to the Baptist meeting-house. 

Up to 1734, the road to Plymouth supplied the only public 
way to the Schuylkill. In June, 1734, a petition was presented 
to the Court for a road from the Swedes' Ford to North Wales 
meeting-house, and a jury, consisting of Reese WiUiams, Row- 
land Hugh, Robert Rogers, Richard Thomas, Hugh Jones, and 
Job Pugh, reported a road at the September session ; but Isaac 
Norris, who owned a large part of the present township of Nor- 
riton, and borough of Norristown, strenuously objected that it 
would damage his property, " cutting asunder the best part of 
his tract," and a review was ordered, which seems to have had 
the effect of postponing any definite action. In September, 1737, 
however, a new petition was presented, which said that several 
roads from Bucks county now led to North Wales meeting-house. 


but that to get from there to the Swedes' Ford, the way was very 
roundabout, making it inconvenient for travelers, as well as resi- 
dents. John Bartholomew, George Lewis, David Evans, Jona- 
than Potts, Jonathan Robeson, and Abraham Dawes were 
appointed a jury, and reported at the March term, 1738, their 
road being thus described : 

Beginning at a hickory tree standing near the landing of the Swedes 
Ford, on the south west side of the river Schuylkill, thence n. 31° e. 33 p. 
to a stump, standing at the landing on the n. e. side of Schuylkill, thence 
the same course, n. 31° e., on Norris's land, 59 p. to a road leading to 
Norris's Mills, thence n. 59° w., along the aforesaid road 160 p. to a stake, 
thence n. 19° e., along Norris's land, 280 p. to a line of Samuel Evan's 
land, thence n. e. along a line between the said Evans, Edward Farmer, 
and Aaron Roberts, 136 p. to a corner of said Evans's land, thence n. 24° 
e., 71 p. to a corner of Roger Pugh's land, thence n. e. along the line di- 
viding the lands of Roger Pugh, Norris, and Robert Rogers, 196 p. to a 
stake, thence n. 61° e. along Robert Rogers's and Norris's land, 138 p. to 
Manatawny road, thence n. e. by a line of Cadwallader Evan's land, 44 p. 
to said Evan's corner, thence n. 65° e. along land leased of Ellis Ellis, 
and part of Whitpaine's tract, 222 p. to a small sapling in a line of George 
Fitzwater's land, thence n. e. along line dividing the said George Fitz- 
water's, Thomas Fitzwater's, and Whitpaine's tract, 406 p. to a white oak 
standing near Skippack road, thence the same course along the line of 
Peter Indehaven, Henry Levering, Daniel Levering, Samuel Linderman, 
and Jacob Levering, 404 p. to a stake ; thence n. 14° w. through Jacob 
Levering's and Ellis Pugh's lands 106 p. to a stake in the line dividing 
Evan Evans' and the aforesaid Pugh's land, thence n. e. along the line of 
the said Evan Evans, Ellis Pugh, Thomas Evans, William Roberts, Owen 
Evans, and Margaret Evans, 464 p. to North Wales road, thence s. 52° e. 
along the said road 84 p. to North Wales meeting-house, being in all 8 
miles, 243 p. 

Which said road is by this court confirmed, and the Overseers of the 
High Ways are Ordered by this Court to open the same, according to law, 
for a public use. 

In 1737 the Court granted a private road, to be laid out 20 
feet wide, to enable the settlers about Penllyn to reach '* the 


great road," on their way to Philadelphia. It was laid out, "be- 
ginning at a stone in the line of Edward Foulke, jun., thence n. 
e. between his lands and Lewis Williams's, 74 perches, then on 
L. W.'s land s. e., joining the land of Thomas David, 96 perches 
to a black oak near the line, then same course on Thomas 
David's land, to the far corner of the grave -yard, then on the line 
between Thomas David and Lewis Williams, and between 
Thomas David and Evans Roberts, s. e. 1 26 perches to the great 
road near the school-house." 

What " the grave-yard " was I do not know, — probably a 
family burial-place. The school-house is no doubt the same 
referred to previously in the petition of Rowland Hugh, and it 
must have stood on "the great road," — the present turnpike, — 
well down toward the Upper Dublin line.' 

The Plymouth road was reviewed, in 1751, by a jury consist- 
ing of William Dewees, Archibald McClean, Peter Robison, 
Joseph Wain, Rees Harry, and Wickard Miller, the line varying 
considerably in the upper courses from the road laid out in 17 16. 
Their road began " at Spring Mill door," and ran by 30 courses 
and distances, by Plymouth meeting-house, the Dutch church 
land (Boehm's), to Wissahickon creek, and " North Wales road 
near the meeting-house." The whole length of the road was 9 
miles, 7 perches ; from Plymouth m. h. to North Wales m. h., 7 
miles, 24 perches. 

The road from Spring-House to Boehm's Church (intersect- 
ing the Plymouth road at the latter point) was laid out in the 
spring of 1760 by John Trump, Benjamin Davids, John Potts, 
Peter Cleaver, and Charles Jolly, and the same jury at the same 
time laid out the township-line road between Gwynedd and 

• Probably near where the present public school stands, — the " Dagers'," or the 
old " lower eight-square." 


Whitpain, from the present State road down to the Upper Dublin 
line. The road from Boehm's is thus described : 

Beginning near a stone spring-house' in Gwynedd road ; thence ex- 
tending south-west 331 perches on a Hne between Evan Evans, EHzabeth 
Davis, and Hannah [Hannaniah ?] Pugh on the one side, [and] John Evans 
and Edward Foulke on the other side ; thence, South 75° West, 60 perches 
to the end of WilUam Foulke' s lane ; thence, South 69° West, 32 perches 
along said Foulke' s lane ; thence. South 58° West, 25 perches to William 
Foulke' s house ; thence, South 48° West, 50 perches to said Foulke' s Mill ; 
thence, South 84° West, 68 perches through the land of William Foulke, 
and the land of John Roberts, to a stake ; thence. South-west, 148 perches 
on a line between John Roberts' and Richard Thomas's land ; thence, 
South 15° West, 55 perches through the lands of John Roberts and John 
Lewis ; thence, South-west, 140 perches on a line between John Lewis, 
James Brown, Charles Cress, and Philip Duder, into a road leading from 
Gwynedd to Plymouth, near a Dutch meeting-house. 

[So much of interest as to ownership of land, location of 
places, etc., etc., is disclosed by a study of the road records, that 
I regret that I am unable to devote more space to this chapter. 
The most important roads in the township have now mostly been 
accounted for.] 

1 Here we have the origin of the name of the present village, " the Spring-House." 
There was no tavern at this place until 1763, or thereabout. But the spring was well 
known from the time of the first settlement. In 1709 John Humphrey, whose tract 
adjoined, secured of Robert Evans the right to use " a certain fountain or flowing 
spring of water, together with the free and undisturbed benefit of said spring, with a 
foot-path to and from it over the said Robert Evan's land." A stone house over it had 
been built, as shown above, between 1709 and 1760. It is on the property now (1896) 
owned by Isaac Hallowell, in the rear of his store, at Spring-House. 


Early Settlers in Montgomery. 

THE first settlers in Montgomery were, like those in 
Gwynedd, immigrants from Wales, and their arrival fol- 
lowed hard upon that of the company who bought Turner's 
tract. The Montgomery lands had been held by a number of 
speculative purchasers, none of whom had made a settlement. 
Among these were William Stanley, an Englishman, who had a 
warrant from Penn, so early as 1683, for 5,000 acres ; Richard 
Pierce, whose warrant was for 500 acres ; and Thomas Fairman, 
the Philadelphia surveyor, who had title for a large tract. In 
March, 1699, Alexander Edwards purchased of Fairman 1,100 
acres,' and probably moved to it soon after. He was a Welsh- 
man, and had lived in Radnor, Chester (now Delaware) county, 
where in 1692 his daughters Bridget and Jane had respectively 
married, under the oversight of Haverford monthly meeting, 
Griffith Miles and James James, both " of Radnor." 

Alexander Edwards was certainly one of the first settlers, 
and probably the very earliest, in Montgomery. He died in 
1712, and described himself in his will as "of Montgomery," 
showing that the township had been created before that time. It 
was his son Alexander Pldwards, jun., who married Gwen 
Foulke, dau. of E^dward. He (A. E. jr.), in 1707, bought 200 
acres of his father, and at once sold half of this to David Hugh 

' When the tract was re-surveyed, in 1702, it was found to contain, — differing from 
the usual result, — only 996 acres, and for this quantity the Commissioners gave him a 


Griffith. This tract included the Gordon or Rynear property, 
on the Horsham road. 

Theophilus Williams, who married Grace Foulke, Edward's 
daughter, was also an early settler, and the place where he lived, 
at the upper end of the township, adjoining the Hatfield line, is 
shown' by the description of the road laid out from there, down- 
ward, through the township. 

James Shattuck, who may or may not have been an actual 
resident, received in 1708 a patent for 250 acres, it being sur- 
veyed to him in right of Richard Pierce. This he sold in 171 1 
to William Morgan, who in 1723 sold part of it to Joseph 
Ambler. The latter was the first of the name in Montgomery, 
and the ancestor of a large family. His tract included the farm, 
recently the estate of Edward Ambler, fronting on the Horsham 
road, above the State road. 

John Bartholomew, whose name frequently appears in the 
road records (chap. XVI.), bought, in 17 16, 150 acres of Mar- 
garet Pugh, situated where the hamlet of Montgomery Square now 
is. John is said to have been a weaver, as well as a farmer, and 
he established, it is believed, the first hotel at that place, — proba- 
bly near the close of his life. He was the son of George Bar- 
tholomew, who at one time owned the famous Blue Anchor 
tavern in Philadelphia, and who is said to have been a descendant 
of the Barthelemi family, of France. From a deed recorded in 
Philadelphia, it appears that John moved to Montgomery from 
Bucks county. He owned two farms, a house and lot in the city, 
and a number of slaves. Among his grandchildren were Col. 
Edward Bartholomew, of Philadelphia county, and Capt. Benja- 
min Bartholomew, of Chester county, both of whom were mem- 
bers of the Constitutional Convention of 1776, and bore a dis- 

^ See preceding chapter, p. 289. 


tinguished part in the Revolutionary War. He died October 30, 
1756, at an advanced age (71), leaving a widow, Mary, and 
eleven children. Seward, in his Journal, mentions that the cele- 
brated preacher George Whitefield spent one night at the house 
of John Bartholomew, of Montgomery, after preaching in the 
neighborhood, and was kindly entertained by his family. 

Jenkin Evans, an early settler in Montgomery, who came 
from Wales, purchased 108 acres of Thomas Shute, in December, 
1 7 17. This tract lay in the north corner of the township, adjoin- 
ing the Hatfield line, and between the road to Perkasie (now the 
Bethlehem turnpike) and the county line. He may have been 
a brother to David Evans, who bought a large tract of land in 
Hatfield about the same time, and who was (through his daughter 
Rachel, his only child, who married Peter Evans), the ancestor of 
a numerous family in Hatfield and Montgomery. Jenkin Evans 
conveyed to the Baptist congregation, in 1731, an acre off the 
corner of his farm for their church and burying ground. His son, 
or grandson, Jenkin Evans, jun., removed into New Britain, 
bought the Butler grist mill on Neshaminy (where the village of 
Chalfont now is), and was some time a member of the Legislature 
from Bucks county. 

Among the very earliest settlers in Montgomery was Thomas 
Lewis, a native of Wales, who in 1701 bought 484 acres in the 
south corner of the township from Thomas Fairman. He was, 
no doubt, a Friend. He died in the summer of 1723, leaving 
280 acres of his farm to his son George, i 50 acres to his son 
Richard, and 50 to a grandson, Thomas. George Lewis married, 
in 1708, Jane Roberts, and was a prominent member of Gwynedd 
meeting. The memorial of him by the monthly meeting says 
" he was a native of Wales, of a peaceable and inoffensive life and 
conversation. He was an elder thirty years, even to his death. 


which was on the 9th of 12th month, 1752, in the 72d year of 
his age." He left but one child, Elizabeth, who married, in 1728, 
Isaac Jones, of whom some details will be given below. 

Richard Lewis appears to have had, besides his son Thomas 
who got the 50 acres of land, other children, including Edward 
and Mary. Thomas married, in 1734, Hannah Morgan, daughter 
of Edward, jun. 

Isaac Jones came to Montgomery while quite a young man. 
He was the son of David and Katherine Jones, who came from 
Wales in 1699, and settled at Merion. Isaac was born 7th mo. 5, 
1708, and married, 1728, Elizabeth Lewis, daughter of George, 
she being eighteen and he twenty. Notwithstanding this early 
marriage, they " lived happily together " for seventy years. Old 
George Lewis, it is said, made an agreement with them a few 
years before his death, by which he gave them a life right in his 
real estate, in return for food and clothes, a room in his house, 
the use of a riding-horse, and two barrels of cider a year. He 
reserved the right to cook for himself, if he preferred, in which 
case they were to pay him ^12 a year, in lieu of the " diet." 

Isaac Jones had purchased, in 1746, some land of Thomas 
Lewis, jr. On this he built, in 1765, a large brick house, which 
stood for more than a century. In it, in 1798, he died, past the 
age of ninety, and his wife, surviving two years, attained an 
equal age. Their son Isaac married Gainor Ambler,' and this 
couple also died in the old house, after a married life of nearly 
seventy years, — Isaac, in 1840, aged 93, and Gainor, June 20, 
1847, in her 92d year. Isaac's sister, Ruth, who had lived there 
all her life, died in the same house, at the age of 88 ; and Mary 
Roberts, daughter of Eldad, who made her home with the 
Joneses, died there also, in 1859, aged nearly 93. This house, 

' Gainor was the daughter of John and Ann (Foulke) Ambler. See P'oulke 



which was pulled down some years ago, stood in the extreme 
south corner of the township, on a cross road from the turnpike 
to the Horsham road. 

Of John Jones, carpenter, who settled in Montgomery about 
17 lO, taking up about 300 acres, part of which must have been 
Alexander Edwards's purchase, adjoining Gwynedd, some special 
genealogical details will be given later. He was an active and 
useful citizen, prominent for many years in the business affairs 
of the township. 

A return was made, in 1734, to Governor Thomas Penn, of 
the names of the freeholders in the several townships of Phila- 
delphia, " with the quantity of land they respectively hold there- 
in, according to the uncertain returns of the constables." This 
list for Montgomery township shows twenty-nine names, as 
follows : 



Joseph Naylor, . . 

. 189 

Garret Peters, 


Robert Thomas, 

. 200 

Moses Peters, . . 


John Starky, . . 

. 200 

Rowland Roberts, . 


Joseph Ambler . . 

. 90 

Francis Dawes, . 


John Bartholomew, 

• 300 

Thomas Williams, . 


Joseph Eaton, . . 

. 150 

William Story, . . 


William Williams, . 

. 200 

Richard Lewis, 


William Morgan, . 

. 100 

Isaac Jones, . . 


Samuel Thomas, . 

. 100 

John Robert, 


John WiUiams, 

. 100 

James David, . . 


Joseph Bate, 

. 200 

David Evans, 


Thos. Bartholomew, 

• 30 

Isaac James, . . 


Griffith Hugh, . . 

. 100 

Jenkin Evans, . 


John Jones, carp'r, 

■ 300 

Jenkin Jones, 


John Roberts, . 

• 90 

Isaac James, who is named as holding 200 acres of land, was 
one of an important and numerous family, who settled early in 
Montgomery and New Britain. John James, his father, came 


from Pembrokeshire, Wales, in 1 7 1 i , and bought land in Mont- 
gomery. When the Baptist congregation was organized, in 
1 7 19, he, his wife, Sarah, and their three sons, William, Thomas, 
and Josiah, were five of the ten constituent members. John and 
his two elder sons bought 1,000 acres of "the Hudson tract," 
in New Britain, in 1720, and probably removed there at that 

Affairs Before the Revolution. 

FEW other than Welsh settlers made their appearance in 
either Gwynedd or Montgomery, before 1734; a small 
number from England were the only exceptions. The greater 
part of them were, or soon beca,me, Friends ; a minority, chiefly 
settlers in Montgomery, were Baptists. But as they were all 
originally members of the Established Church of England, they 
were the objects of concern from Rev. Evan Evans, the Welsh 
missionary preacher sent out by the Bishop of London, in 1700. 
He wrote to the bishop, in 1707, describing the Welsh settlers at 
Radnor and Merion, and added : 

There is another Welsh settlement called Montgomery, in the county 
of Philadelphia, twenty miles distant from the city, where there are con- 
siderable numbers of Welsh people, formerly in their native country of the 
communion of the Church of England ; but about the year 1698, two years 
before my arrival in that country, most of them joined with the Quakers, 
but by God's blessing some of them were induced to return, and I have 
baptized their children and preached often to them. I visited them since, 
and prevailed upon them to meet every Lord's-day, about forty in number, 
where one that can understand the language well, and is a sober, discreet 
man, reads the prayers of the church, the proper psalms and lessons, omit- 
ting the absolution, etc., what properly belongs to the priest's office, and 
then reads some portion in a book of devotion to the people. 

By " Montgomery " he evidently means the whole settlement, 
including Gwynedd. But it is difficult to see where a congrega- 
tion of forty could have been collected from among the settlers, 


between 1700 and 1707, for the Established Church. Such a 
gathering certainly was not long maintained. Some members of 
St. Thomas's church, at Whitemarsh, may, at so early a day, 
have belonged in Gwynedd or Montgomery, but they must have 
been very few, and there was no other Episcopal church within 
their reach for many years. 

The Baptist meeting in Montgomery, the oldest of the de- 
nomination in Montgomery county, and the fourth oldest in 
Pennsylvania,* owed its humble beginning to the zeal of a hand- 
ful of the Welsh settlers. June 20, 17 19, ten persons formed 
the society, — John Evans, and Sarah, his wife ; John James, 
Elizabeth, his wife, and their three sons, William, Thomas, and 
Josiah ; James Lewis, David Williams, and James Davis. John 
Evans, who heads this list of the organizers, came into the town- 
ship, it is said, in 17 10, and was from Carmarthenshire, Wales. 
He and his wife " had been members of a Baptist church there, 
of which James James was pastor." In 171 1 John and Elizabeth 
James arrived. They had been " members of the Rhyd willy m 
church in Pembrokeshire, of which John Jenkins was pastor." 
A log church was built in 1720, on an acre of ground conveyed 
later (173 i) by Jenkin Evans. This lot has since been, at differ- 
ent times, much enlarged. In 173 i a stone church was built, 42 
by 24 feet, with a gallery. It had in 1770, "a stove and two 
fire-places " ; a school-house also stood on the lot. In 18 16 this 
building was taken down and a new one erected, 55 by 50 feet, 
" with a gallery all around." In 1883 this was enlarged, " the 
walls being raised, the length increased 1 5 feet, and a basement 
story provided." 

Since 1720 thirteen pastors have served the church : (i) Ben- 
jamin Griffith, the zealous though uneducated pastor of the first 

1 Its predecessors were Cold Spring (Bucks Co.), 1684 ; Pennepack, 1687 ; Phila- 
delphia, 1695. 


Hock, who served from 1720 to 1767, when he died, aged 84 ; 
(2) John Thomas, who had been assistant minister for many 
years, and who had sole charge from 1768 until 1781 ; (3) David 
Loofborough, under whose pastorate, in 1783, the church was 
regularly chartered by the Legislature, and who remained from 
1782 to 1787 ; ' (4) Joshua Jones, who was pastor from 1795 to 
1802, when he died on the day after Christmas, aged 82 ; (5) 
Silas Hough, M. D., an earnest and able man, who acted as pas- 
tor from 1804 until 1822, and at the same time practiced as a 
physician through the country 'round. He died May 14, 1823 ; 

(6) Samuel Smith, who was pastor four years, from 1822 to 1826 ; 

(7) James B. Bowen, who was pastor from 1830 to 1831 ; (8) 
Thomas T. Robinson, who closed his service of seven years by 
his death, May 27, 1838 ; (9) William A. Matthews, who con- 
tinued ten years from 1840 to 1850 ; (10) George Higgins, who 
took charge May i, 1850, and continued until his death, March 
9, 1869; (11) Norman B. Baldwin, from November, 1869, to 
July, 1887; (12) Joseph L. Plush, from April, 1888, to July, 
1893 ; (13) Charles Henry Pinchbeck, who assumed charge 
January i, 1894. 

The Montgomery Baptist Church was the parent of the 
church at New Britain, 1744, and of that at Hilltown, about 
178 1. All three were formed largely of families of Welsh 
descent. Theophilus Cornell, some of whose progenitors are 
buried in the graveyard at Montgomery, has recently left to the 
trustees of the church about 1 12,000, the income of which (ex- 
cepting $2^^ is applicable to the maintenance of the church. A 

'"This was the period of the greatest religious declension the Church had 
seen. . . . The Church had but a handful of members, being reduced to twenty- 
eight." (Edward Mathews.) 


new parsonage has been built out of the accumulations of this 

Towamencin- township, which had been unorganized, and re- 
garded as a part "adjacent Gwynedd," was created in 172S. At 
the March session of the Court, in Philadelphia, a petition was 
presented, which is thus minuted on the record : 

Upon the petition of divers Inhabitants between the townships of 
Gwyneth and Skippack Creek, on the north-easterly side of Providence, 
setting forth that a great many famihes are settled upon a large tract of 
land containing about 5,500 acres, whereof a Draught is to the said peti- 
tion annexed, praying this Court would erect the same into a Township, the 
Court taking the said Petition into consideration do erect the said Portion of 
land into a township as the same is laid out and described in the Draught 
and that the same be called by the name of Towamensing. 

The petition above mentioned bears this memorandum : " The 
desire of the subscribers is that the township may be called Towa- 
mensen [that] being the Indian name of the creek yt springs 
and runs through the same." The signers to the petition are 
twenty-eight in uumber. Several of their signatures are unde- 
cipherable, the remainder being as follows : 

Jacob Hill, Joseph Lucken, Gaetschalck Gaetschalck, 

Cadwalader Evans, AVjraham Lucken, William Evan, 

Daniel Morgan, Lorenz Hendrich, John Edwards, 

Daniel Williams, John Morgan, Lennert Hendrich, 

P. Wench, Edward Morgan, Hugh Evan, 

henry Prey, Jan Gaetschalcks, Peter Tagen, 

henry hendrich, herman Gaetschalck, Christian Wever. 

1 A good historical sketch of Montgomery Baptist Church, by Rev. N. B. Baldwin, 
then pastor, was embodied in the Proceedings of the Philadelphia Baptist Association, 
1884, and since then Edward Mathews has written and A. K. Thomas has published 
(Ambler, Pa., 1895) ^ substantial pamphlet, giving the church records, lists of members, 
and historical notes of much value. My own references to this church in the first edi- 
tion of " Gwynedd " I have now [1896] considerably enlarged, and have corrected in 
several particulars. 

2 The name of the township is here given as usually printed. I am of opinion that 
Towamensing is a better spelling. The name, as the settlers say in their petition, is 


The Schwenckfelders, forming a compact body of German 
settlers, came into Pennsylvania, in 1734, and while most of them 
secured lands in the adjoining townships on the north-west, espe- 
cially Towamencin, some came into Gwynedd, either in 1734, or 
within a few years afterward. Their settlement in the western 
corner of the township, adjoining their meeting-house in Towa- 
mencin, has since grown to cover a dozen or more farms, and to 
include about that number of families. Their religious views, 
especially their opposition to war, made them, like the Menno- 
nites and Dunkers, congenial settlers in Penn's province, and 
friendly neighbors with the Quakers in Gwynedd. The Schwenk- 
felders, one of the most interesting of the German Protestant 
bodies, were early dissenters from the Roman church, followers 
of Caspar von Schwenkfeld of Silesia, born in 1490, died in 
1 56 1. They had been bitterly persecuted for almost two cen- 
turies. They were sheltered, 1726, on his estate at Berthelsdorf, 
in Saxony, by Count Zinzendorf, the Moravian father, and in 
April, 1733, a party of nineteen set off from there for Pennsyl- 
vania, arriving in Philadelphia September 18' of that year. The 
next year a larger party, the main body, came in the ship Saint 
Andrciv, John Stedman master, reaching Philadelphia Septem- 
ber 12, O. S. There were in this party eighty-nine males above 
sixteen years old, and forty-one under, with 133 women and 
female children, making 261 altogether. Among them were sev- 
eral of those whose family names have since been common in 
Gwynedd, including George and Melchior Hiibner, George and 
Melchior Kribel, George Anders, Balthazar and George Hoff- 

' This date Old Style. One of the nineteen died on the way, and six were added 
to the party. The diary of the long and arduous journey, kept, it is supposed, by David 
Scholtze, is printed (in English) in Peiina. Magazine, Vol. lo, p. 167. They went to 
Altona, (until 1867, part of Denmark), and sailed from Rotterdam for Philadelphia, on 
the Poinsylvania Merchant, John Stedman master. 


man, Christopher and Melchior Scholtze (Schultz), and others.' 
Their arrival is still piously celebrated, each year, by their 
descendants, at the meeting-house in Towamencin, as " Gedacht- 
niss Tag." 

I have not made careful studies as to the precise time when 
the Schwenkfelder families came into the township, but the 
Heebners, Kriebles, and others doubtless came early. Melchior 
Krieble is said to have come 1735. Christopher Ncuman, or 
Neiman, a Schwenckfelder, who came to Philadelphia in the 
immigration of 1734, was in Gwynedd before 175 i, for in that 
year he bought 225 acres in the western corner of the township 
(afterward, in 1768, purchased by Philip Hoot, ancestor of the 
family of that name), from the executors of Edward Williams, 
and he is described in the deed as " of Gwynedth." Neuman's 
wife was Susanna Muehmer ; their daughter Rosina married 
Heinrich Schneider, — changed, later, to Henry Snyder, — and 
had a large family : Rosina, George, Christopher, Henry, Chris- 
tian, Abraham, Isaac, Susanna, John, and Regina. The father 
was a Lutheran, when he courted Rosina (and ran away with 
her, at night, after she descended from her window upon a ladder, 
Mr. Mathews says), but he and his family became Schwenck- 
felders subsequently. 

Previous to 1734 there were substantially no German settlers 
in Gwynedd. The list of freeholders furnished in that year to 
Governor Thomas Penn, " according to the uncertain returns of 
the constables," shows forty-nine names of Gwynedd landholders, 
and of these only one, Leonard Hartling, is apparently a Ger- 

1 Tobias Hartranft was one of this part)'- of emigrants, and the :^ncestor (great- 
great-great-grandfather) of Gen. John F. Hartranft, Governor of Pennsylvania, 
1873-79. A careful historical study of the Schwenkfelders has been undertaken by 
Prof. Chester D. Hartranft, of Hartford, Conn., another of the descendants of Tobias. 
A Historical Sketch, by Judge Christopher Heydrick, Franklin, Pa., is included in a 
volume of Genealogical Records of the Schwenkfelders, published 1879. 



man. Five, John Wood, Peter Wells, John Chilcott, John 
Parker, and Thomas Wyat, were probably English. The other 
names are unmistakably Welsh. The whole list is as follows : 

Evan Griffith, 

John Griffith, 

Hugh Griffith, 

Johh Jones, penman, 

John Jones, weaver, 

John Jones, son of Robert, 

Cadwallader Jones, 

Hugh Jones, tanner, 

Robert Hugh, 

Rowland Hugh, 

Owen Evans, 

Evan Evans, 

Thomas Evans, 

Hugh Evans, 

Robert Evans, 

Morris Roberts, 

William Roberts, 
Evan Roberts, 
Edward Roberts, 
Robert Roberts, 
Edward Foulke, 
Evan Foulke, 
Thomas Foulke, 
John David, 
Thomas David, 
Lewis Williams, 
William Williams, 
Robert Humphrey, 
John Humphrey, 
John Wood, 
Theodore Ellis, 
Rees Harry, 

Robert Parry, 
Jenkin Morris, 
John Chilcott, 
Leonard Hartling, 
Peter Wells, 
John Harris, 
Elizabeth Roberts, 
John Parker, 
Catherine Williams, 
Thomas Evans, jun., 
Cadwallader Evans, 
Robert Evan, ap Rhidcrth, 
Gaynor Jones, 
Rees Nanny, 
Hugh Jones, 
Thomas Wyat. 

Appended to this list, in the original document, is the fol- 
lowing memorandum, explaining why the numbers of their 
respective acres did not accompany their names : 

The Townsp : of Gwinedeth have hitherto refused to give the Con- 
stables an Account of their land, for w^hich reason it is not known vv^hat 
they hold. 

Others of the early German settlers will be here named. 
John Frey, son of Henry Frey, of Towamencin, whose name is 
on the petition for the erection of that township, bought a hun- 
dred acres from Jane Jones, William John's widow, in 1735, its 
location being about a mile southeast of Lansdale. (Most of 
the tract, in recent time, in the ownership of Abraham Kricble.) 
Frey sold the place in 1742 to Paul Brunner, another German, 
from Salford, whose widow subsequently married (about 1757) 
George Gossinger, a German " redemptioner," who had learned 
the trade of a tanner, and so passed the place into his control. 


Philip Hoot, who had been living in New Hanover, came 
into Gwynedd in 1768, and bought the Neuman farm, 225 acres, 
alluded to above, of David Neuman. (Philip died 1798, aged 
68 years and 4 months, and was buried at Wentz's church, in 
Worcester. He left his homestead to his son Peter, who mar- 
ried, 1792, Barbara Kriger.) 

Abraham Danehower, ancestor of the family of that name, 
bought 136 acres, in 1762, of David and Sarah Gumming. This 
was the present [1884] homestead of George W. Danehower, oc- 
cupied by Frank Myers, and the original residence of William John.> 
Abraham was born in Germany, September 27, 1772, came to 
Pennsylvania between 1740 and 1755, and died May 9, 1789, and 
was buried at St. John's, Whitpain. Beside him rests his wife, 
named Catherine (b. 1724, d. 1798). Their children included 
George, who died in 1793, in his 45th year; Abraham, jr., who 
bought a farm on the Bethlehem road, just above the Spring- 
House, of Samuel Evans ; Henry, John, Catherine, who married 
Jacob Snyder ; Elizabeth, who married Philip Hurst ; and Sarah, 
who married Philip Fetterman. 

In the summer of 1745 a fatal disease, the exact nature of 
which we can now only conjecture, visited Gwynedd. The meet- 
ing records show that from the 4th to the 31st of July, 24 mem- 
bers died, and from the 4th to the 24th of August, 1 5 died. On 
one day, the 4th of August, three deaths are recorded. This, in 
a population of at most but a few hundreds, was a heavy death- 
rate. Most of the victims were children, but a number were 
from among the elders of the community, and few families es- 
caped. Among those who died at this time were Evan Foulke, 
the immigrant (son of Edward), and three of his children ; the 
father, first, on July 25th, one child on the 29th, and two others 
on August 4th and 5th. 

1 See p. 65, including the foot-note. 


Gwynedd in the Midst of the Revolution : 
Sally JVisters journal 

DANIEL WISTER, who married Lowry Jones, daughter of 
Owen Jones, sen., of Wynnewood, Lower Merion, and 
who was therefore connected with Caleb and Amos Foulke 
(whose wives, Jane and Hannah, were also daughters of Owen 
Jones), was a merchant in Philadelphia, and, a fortnight after the 
battle of Brandywine, removed his family to Gwynedd, in antici- 
pation of the British occupancy of the city. On the 25th of 
September, 1777, the day on which Howe and Cornwallis reached 
Germantown, Miss Sally Wister, the eldest daughter of Daniel, 
a bright girl of fifteen years, began to keep a journal of her ob- 
servations and experiences in the retreat at Gwynedd, which she 
continued, with some interruptions, until, in the following June, 
the British army left Philadelphia, and her family returned to 
their city home. 

This journal was addressed by its author to her friend Deb- 
orah Norris, but it is remarkable that the apprehension intimated 
in its opening lest it should never reach the eye for which it was 
intended, came near to being realized : it was not until years after 
Miss Wister's death that it was given by Mr. Charles J. Wister, 
her brother, to her old friend, who had then become Mrs. Logan, 
of Stenton.' 

' Deborah Norris was the dau. of Charles and Mary Norris, born in 1761, and died 
1839. Her father lived on Chestnut street, Philadelphia, where the Drexel Building 
now is, in 1776, and she heard the public reading of the Declaration of Independence, 


Some extracts from the journal, but a small part only of its 
piquant and graphic details, are given by Watson in his Annals ; 
it has been once published in full, in the rare edition of American 
Historical and Literary Curiosities, compiled by the late venerable 
John Jay Smith.' Its descriptions, however, of persons and events, 
and especially the view it gives us of social conditions in the very 
midst of some of the most important military operations of the 
revolutionary struggle, make it an extremely interesting historical 
document, aside from its charm as a naive and perfectly frank 
narrative of personal experiences. 

In the nine months which the journal covers occurred the 
battle of Germantown, the siege and reduction of the forts below 
Philadelphia, the surrender of Burgoyne, the manoeuvres at 
Whitemarsh, the march to Valley Forge, the winter encamp- 
ment there, the operation of the " Cabal" against Washington, 
the conclusion of the treaty with France, the gaieties of the 
British occupation of Philadelphia, and Lafayette's "affair" at 
Barren Hill. But a little distance away from the hills of Gwyn- 
edd, the greatest of the actors in the Revolutionary drama were 
playing their parts, — Washington, Greene, Lafayette, Wayne, 
Steuben, Kalb, and all the distinguished list. 

The Wisters were quartered in the old house at Penllyn, — 
the Foulke mansion, where William Foulke had died two years 
before, and which was at this time the home of his widow, Han- 
nah, and her unmarried children. The different members of the 
family are alluded to in various places in the journal, and the 
allusions explained by foot-notes. 

in the grounds of the State-House (now Independence Square) , on July 8th of that year. 
She married Dr. George Logan, of Stenton, and is buried in the fomily burying-ground, 
a httle enclosure, at that historic place. 

[' [1896] It has been published in the Pennsylvania Magazine, since the text of 
this volume was first printed.] 



To Deborah Norris : — 

Though I have not the least shadow of an opportunity to send a letter, 
if I do write, I will keep a sort of journal of the time that may expire 
before I see thee : the perusal of it may some time hence give pleasure in 
a solitary hour to thee and our S. J. 

Yesterday, which was the 24th of September, two Virginia officers 
called at our house, and informed us that the British army had crossed the 
Schuylkill. Presently after, another person stopped, and confirmed what 
they had said, and that General Washington and army were near Potts- 
grove.^ Well, thee may be sure we were sufficiently scared ; however, the 
road was very still till evening. About seven o'clock we heard a great 
noise. To the door we all went. A large number of waggons, with about 
three hundred of the Philadelphia militia. They begged for drink, and 
several pushed into the house. One of those that entered was a little 
tipsy, and had a mind to be saucy. I then thought it time for me to re- 
treat ; so figure me (mightily scared, as not having presence of mind 
enough to face so many of the military), running in at one door, and out 
at another, all in a shake with fear ; but after a little, seeing the officers 
appear gentlemanly, and the soldiers civil, I called reason to my aid. My 
fears were in some measure dispelled, tho' my teeth rattled, and my hand 
shook like an aspen leaf. They did not offer to take their quarters with 
us ; so, with many blessings, and as many adieus, they marched off. 

I have given the most material occurrences of yesterday faithfully. 

Fourth Day, September 25th.* 
This day, till twelve o'clock, the road was mighty quiet, when Hobson 
Jones came riding along. About that time he made a stop at our door, 
and said the British were at Skippack road ; that we should soon see their 

1 The battle of Brandywine had occurred September nth, and the surprise and 
massacre at PaoH on the night of the 20th. Howe crossed at Gordon's Ford (now 
Phcenixville), and Fatland Ford, on the 23d, to the east side of Schuylkill, and moved 
down to Philadelphia. Washington was at Pottsgrove for several days, and then 
moved over to the Perkiomen. 

' This date, presuming the day of the week to be accurately given, should be the 
24th, and it may be here observed that the dates of the month are not for some time 
correctly given in the journal, being a while one day ahead, and then two days, until 
December 5th, when they become correct. 


light horse, and [that] a party of Hessians had actually turned into our 
lane. My dadda and mamma gave it the credit it deserved, for he does 
not keep strictly to the truth in all respects ; but the delicate, chicken- 
hearted Liddy' and I were wretchedly scared. We could say nothing but 
"Oh ! what shall we do? What will become of us?" These questions 
only augmented the terror we were in. Well, the fright went off. We saw 
no light horse or Hessians. O. Foulke'^ came here in the evening, and 
told us that General Washington had come down as far as the Trap, and 
that General McDougle's brigade was stationed at Montgomery, consisting 
of about 16 hundred men. This he had from Dr. Edwards, Lord Stirling's 
aid-de-camp ; so we expected to be in the midst of one army or t'other. 

Fifth Day, September 26th. 
We were unusually silent all the morning ; no passengers came by the 
house, except to the mill, and we don't place much dependence on mill 
news. About twelve o'clock, cousin Jesse^ heard that General Howe's army 
had moved down towards Philadelphia. Then my dear, our hopes and 
fears were engaged for you. However, my advice is, summon up all your 
resolution, call Fortitude to your aid, don't suffer your spirits to sink, my 
dear ; there's nothing like courage ; 'tis what I stand in need of myself, 
but unfortunately have but little of it in my composition. I was standing 
in the kitchen about 12, when somebody came to me in a hurry, screaming, 
" Sally, Sally, here are the light horse ! ' ' This was by far the greatest fright 
I had endured ; fear tack'd wings to my feet ; I was at the house in a mo- 
ment ; at the porch I stopt, and it really was the light horse. I ran imme- 
diately to the western door, where the family were assembled, anxiously 
waiting for the event. They rode up to the door and halted, and enquired 
if we had horses to sell ; he answered negatively. " Have you not, sir," 
to my father, "two black horses ?" — " Yes, but have no mind to dispose of 
them." My terror had by this time nearly subsided. The officer and men 
behaved perfectly civil ; the first drank two glasses of wine, rode away, bid- 
ding his men to follow, which after adieus in number, they did. The offi- 

1 Lydia Foulke, who afterward married John Spencer. She was some six years the 
elder of Miss Sally. 

* Owen Foulke, son of Caleb. He was Miss Sally's first cousin, their mothers 
being sisters. 

^ Jesse Foulke, brother to Caleb and Amos, and therefore a " connection by mar- 
riage," but not of kin, at all ; the term " cousin " is purely complimentary. 


cer was Lieutenant Lindsay, of Bland's regiment, Lee's troop. The men, 
to our great joy, were Americans, and but 4 in all. What made us im- 
agine them British, they wore blue and red, which with us is not common. 
It has rained all this afternoon, and to present appearances, will all night. 
In all probability the English will take possession of the city to-morrow or 
next day. What a change it will be ! May the Almighty take you under 
His protection, for without His divine aid all human assistance is vain. 

" May heaven's guardian arm protect my absent friends, 
From danger guard them, and from want defend." 

Forgive, my dear, the repetition of those lines, but they just darted into my 

Nothing worth relating has occurred this afternoon. Now for trifles. 
I have set a stocking on the needles, and intend to be mighty industrious. 
This evening our folks heard a very heavy cannon. We supposed it to be 
fired by the English. The report seem'd to come from Philadelphia. We 
hear the American army will be within five miles of us to-night. The 
uncertainty of our position engrosses me quite. Perhaps to be in the 
midst of war, and ruin, and the clang of arms. But we must hope the 

Here, my dear, passes an interval of several weeks, in which nothing 
happen' d worth the time and paper it would take to write it.^ The English, 
however, in the interim, had taken possession of the city." 

Second Day, October 19th. 
Now for new and uncommon scenes. As I was lying in bed, and 
ruminating on past and present events, and thinking how happy I should 
be if I could see you, Liddy came running into the room, and said there 
was the greatest drumming, fifing, and rattling of waggons that ever she 
had heard. What to make of this we were at a loss. We dress' d and 
down stairs in a hurry. Our wonder ceased. The British had left Ger- 
mantown, and our army was marching to take possession. It was the 

'We are unfortunately given nothing in relation to the battle of Germantown, 
which occurred October 4th, in this interval. The omission is difficult to under- 
stand, because she alludes, later, to " the battle of Germantown, and the horrors of 
that day." 

'They had occupied the city September 26th, two days after the first date in the 


general opinion that they would evacuate the capital.' Sister B.'^ and myself, 
and G. E.* went about half a mile from home, where we cou' d see the army 
pass. Thee will stare at my going, but no impropriety in my opine, or I 
should not have gone. We made no great stay, but return' d with excel- 
lent appetites for our breakfast. Several officers call'd to get some refresh- 
ments, but none of consequence till the afternoon. Cousin P.* and myself 
were sitting at the door ; I in a green skirt, dark short gown, etc. Two 
genteel men of the military order rode up to the door: "Your servant, 
ladies," etc. ; ask'd if they could have quarters for General Smallwood. 
Aunt F.^ thought she could accommodate them as well as most of her 
neighbors, — said they could. One of the officers dismounted, and wrote 
" Smallwood's Quarters" over the door, which secured us from straggling 
soldiers. After this he mounted his steed and rode away. When we were 
alone, our dress and hps were put in order for conquest, and the hopes of 
adventures gave brightness to each before passive countenance. Thee 
must be told of a Dr. Gould, who, by accident, had made acquaintance 
with my father, — a sensible conversible man, a Carohnian, — and had 
come to bid us adieu. Daddy had prevailed on him to stay a day or two 
with us. In the evening his Generalship came with six attendants, which 
compos' d his family. A large guard of soldiers, a number of horses and 
baggage-waggons, the yard and house in confusion, and glitter' d with mili- 
tary equipments. Gould was intimate with Smallwood, and had gone into 
Jesse's to see him. While he was there, there was great running up and 
down stairs, so I had an opportunity of seeing and being seen, the former 
the most agreeable, to be sure. One person, in particular, attracted my 
notice. He appear' d cross and reserv'd ; but thee shall see how agreeably 
disappointed I was. Dr. Gould usher' d the gentlemen into our parlour, 

1 On this date the British withdrew from Germantown into Philadelphia, and the 
Americans moved down the Skippack road, and the roads adjacent, to take a nearer 
position. Washington's headquarters, for some days, were at "James Morris's, on the 
Skippack road," and on the 2d of November, at Whitemarsh, at the residence of Georo-e 
Emlen, here mentioned. It was the movement of troops down the Morris road, no 
doubt, — " half a mile away," — that Miss Sally and her friends went to see. 

* Miss " Betsy," — Elizabeth — the writer's sister. 
' George Emlen. 

* Priscilla Foulke, sister of Caleb, Amos, and Jesse ; " Cousin " simply by courtesy, 
as she was not of kin to Miss Sally. 

^Aunt F., wife of Amos Foulke, and sister to Miss Sally's mother. 


and introduc'd them, — "General Smallwood, Captain Furnival, Major 
Stodard,* Mr. Prig, Captain Finley, and Mr. Clagan, Colonel Wood, and 
Colonel Line." These last two did not come with the General. They are 
Virginians, and both indispos'd. The General and suite are Marylanders. 
Be assur'd I did not stay long with so many men, but secur'd a good 
retreat, heart-safe, so far. Some sup'd with us, others at Jesse's. They 
retir'd about ten, in good order. How new is our situation ! I feel in good 
spirits, though surrounded by an army, the house full of officers, the yard 
alive with soldiers, — very peaceable sort of people, tho'. They eat like 
other folks, talk like them, and behave themselves with elegance ; so I 
will not be afraid of them, that I won't. Adieu. I am going to my 
chamber to dream, I suppose, of bayonets and swords, sashes, guns, and 

Third Day, Morn., October 20th. 
I dare say thee is impatient to know my sentiments of the officers ; so, 
while Somnus embraces them, and the house is still, take their characters 
according to their rank. The Gen'l is tall, portly, well made : a truly mar- 
tial air, the behaviour and manners of a gentleman, a good understanding, 
and great humanity of disposition, constitute the character of Smallwood.^ 
Col. Wood, from what we hear of him, and what we see, is one of the most 
amiable of men ; tall and genteel, an agreeable countenance and deport- 
ment. The following lines will more fully characterize him : — 

" How skill'd he is in each obliging art, 
The mildest manners and the bravest heart." 

The cause he is fighting for alone tears him from the society of an amiable 
wife and engaging daughter ; with tears in his eyes he often mentions the 
sweets of domestic Hfe. Col. Line is not married : so let me not be too 
warm in his praise, lest you suspect. He is monstrous tall and brown, but 
has a certain something in his face and conversation very agreeable ; he 
entertains the highest notions of honour, is sensible and humane, and a 
brave officer ; he is only seven and twenty years old, but, by a long indis- 
position and constant fatigue, looks vastly older, and almost worn to a 

I This gentleman, frequently and fully spoken of in the journal, is presumed to be 
Major Benjamin Stoddert, of Maryland, who was Secretary of the Navy from 1798 to 
1801, under Adams and Jefferson. 

' He commanded Maryland troops in the Revolutionary army, from 1776 to 1780, 
and served with credit. He was Governor of Maryland from 1785 to 1788. 


skeleton, but very lively and talkative. Capt. Furnival, — I need not say 
more of him than that he has, excepting one or two, the handsomest face I 
ever saw, a very fine person ; fine light hair, and a great deal of it, adds to 
the beauty of his face. Well, here comes the glory, the Major, so bashful, 
so famous, etc., he should come before the Captain, but never mind. I at 
first thought the Major cross and proud, but I was mistaken ; he is about 
nineteen, nephew to the Gen'l, and acts as Major of brigade to him ; he 
cannot be extoU'd for the graces of person, but for those of the mind he 
may justly be celebrated ; he is large in his person, manly, and an en- 
gaging countenance and address. Finley is wretched ugly, but he went 
away last night, so I shall not particularize him. Nothing of any moment 
to-day ; no acquaintance with the officers. Cols. Wood and Line, and 
Gould, dined with. us. I was dress' d in my chintz, and looked smarter 
than night before. 

Fourth Day, Oct. 21st. 

1 just now met the Major, very reserv'd : nothing but " Good morn- 
ing," or " Your servant, madam ; " but Furnival is most agreeable ; he 
chats every opportunity ; but luckily has a wife ! I have heard strange 
things of the Major. With a fortune of thirty thousand pounds, indepen- 
dent of any body, the Major is vastly bashful ; so much so he can hardly 
look at the ladies. (Excuse me, good sir ; I really thought you were not 
clever ; if 'tis bashfulness only, will drive that away.) 

Fifth day, Sixth day, and Seventh day pass' d. The General still here ; 
the Major still bashful. 

First Day Evening. 

Prepare to hear amazing things. The General was invited to dine, 
was engag'd ; but Colonel Wood, Major Stodard, and Dr. Edwards* din'd 
with us. In the afternoon, Stodard, addressing himself to mamma, " Pray 
ma'am, do you know Miss Nancy Bond ? " I told him of the amiable girl's 
death. This major had been at Philadelphia College. In the evening, 1 
was diverting Johnny at the table, when he drew his chair to it, and began 
to play with the child. I ask'd him if he knew N. Bond. " No, ma'am, 
but I have seen her very often." One word brought on another one. We 

1 Dr. Enoch Edwards, brother of Major Evan Edwards, and after the Revolution 
a prominent citizen and judge of the Philadelphia courts. He lived in Byberry, on a 
farm left him by his father, and died there in April, 1802. He served on the staff of 
Lord Stirling. 


chatted a great part of the evening. He said he knew me directly as he 
seen me. Told me exactly where we liv'd. It rains, so adieu. 

Second Day, 26th October. 

A rainy morning, so like to prove. The officers in the house all day. 

Second Day Afternoon. 

The General and officers drank tea with us, and stay'd part of the 
evening. After supper I went with aunt, where sat the General, Colonel 
Line, and Major Stodard. So Liddy and I seated ourselves at the table in 
order to read a verse-book. The Major was holding a candle for the Gen- 
eral, who was reading a newspaper.' He look'd at us, turn'd away his 
eyes, look'd again, put the candlestick down, up he jumps, out of the door 
he went. "Well," said I to Liddy, " he will join us when he comes in." 
Presently he return'd, and seated himself on the table. " Pray, ladies, is 
there any songs in that book ? " " Yes, many." " Can't you favor me 
with a sight of it ? " " No, Major, 'tis a borrow' d book." " Miss Sally, 
can't you sing ? " " No." Thee may be sure I told the truth there. Liddy, 
saucy girl, told him I could. He beg'd, and I deny'd ; for my voice is not 
much better than the voice of a raven. We talk'd and laugh' d for an 
hour. He is clever, amiable, and polite. He has the softest voice, never 
pronounces the r at all. 

I must tell thee, to-day arriv'd Colonel Guest* and Major Leatherberry ; 
the former a smart widower, the latter a lawyer, a sensible young fellow, 
and will never swing for want of tongue. Dr. Diggs came Second-day ; a 
mighty disagreeable man. We were oblig'd to ask him to tea. He must 
needs pop himself between the Major and me, for which I did not thank 
him. After I had drank tea, I jump'd from the table, and seated myself 
at the fire. The Major follow' d my example, drew his chair close to mine, 
and entertain' d me very agreeably. Oh, Debby ; 1 have a thousand things 
to tell thee. I shall give thee so droll an account of my adventures, that 
thee will smile. " No occasion of that, Sally," methinks I hear thee say, 
" for thee tells me every trifle." But, child, thee is mistaken, for I have 
not told thee half the civil things that are said of us sweet creatures at 

' Such was " the light of other days ! " 

^ This is doubtless Colonel Mordecai Gist, of Maryland, who was first a captain, 
under Smallwood, and then rose to the command of a regiment. He was in the fight 
near Mooretown, in December, when Howe made the demonstration on Washington's 
lines at Whitemarsh. 


"General Smallwood' s Quarters." I think I might have sent the gentle- 
men to their chambers. I made my adieus, and home I went. 

Third Day, Morn. 
A pohte " good morning " from the Major, more sociable than ever. 
No wonder ; a stoic cou'd not resist such affable damsels as we are. 

Third Day, Eve., October 27th. 

We had again the pleasure of the General and suite at afternoon tea. 
He (the General, I mean) is most agreeable ; so lively, so free, and chats so 
gaily, that I had quite an esteem for him. 1 must steel my heart ! Captain 
Furnival is gone to Baltimore, the residence of his belov'd wife. The Major 
and I had a little chat to ourselves this eve. No harm, I assure thee : he 
and I are friends. 

This eve came a parson belonging to the army. He is (how shall I de- 
scribe him ?) near seven foot high, thin, and meagre, not a single personal 
charm, and very few mental ones. He fell violently in love with Liddy at 
first sight ; the first discover' d conquest that has been made since the ar- 
rival of the General. Come, shall we chat about Col. Guest? He's very 
pretty ; a charming person ; his eyes are exceptional ; very stern ; and he 
so rolls them about that mine always fall under them. He bears the char- 
acter of a brave officer : another admirer of Liddy' s, and she of him. 
When will Sally's admirers appear? Ah ! that indeed. Why, Sally has 
not charms sufficient to pierce the heart of a soldier. But still I won't de- 
spair. Who knows what mischief I yet may do ? 

Well, Debby, here's Doctor Edwards come again. Now we shall not 
want clack ; for he has a perpetual motion in his head, and if he were not 
so clever as he is, we should get tired. 

Fourth Day, October 28th. 
Nothing material engaged us to-day. 

Fifth Day, October 29th. 

I walked into aunt's this evening. I met the Major. Well, thee will 
think I am writing his history ; but not so. Pleased with the rencounter. 
Betsy, Stodard, and myself, seated by the fire, chatted away an hour in 
lively and agreeable conversation. I can't pretend to write all he said ; but 
he shone in every subject that was talk'd of. 

Nothing of consequence on the 30th. 


Seventh Day, October 31st. 

A most charming day. I walked to the door and received the saluta- 
tion of the morn from Stodard and other officers. As often as I go to the 
door, so often have I seen the Major. We chat passingly, as, "A fine day, 
Miss Sally." "Yes, very fine. Major." 

Seventh Day, Night. 

Another very charming conversation with the young Marylander. He 
seems possessed of very amiable manners ; sensible and agreeable. He 
has by his unexceptional deportment engaged my esteem. 

First Day, Morn. 

Liddy, Betsy, and a T — y prisoner of state went to the mill. We made 
very free with some Continental flour. We powder' d mighty white, to be 
sure. Home we came. Col. Wood was standing at a window with a young 
officer. He gave him a push forward, as much as to say, " Observe what 
fine girls we have here." For all I do not mention Wood as often as he 
deserves, it is not because we are not sociable : we are very much so, and 
he is often at our house. Liddy and I had a kind of adventure with him 
this morn. We were in his chamber, chatting about our little affairs, and 
no idea of being interrupted : we were standing up, each an arm on a 
chest of drawers ; the door bang'd open ! — Col. Wood was in the room ; we 
started, the colour flew into our faces and crimson' d us over ; the tears flew 
into my eyes. It was very silly ; but his coming was so abrupt. He was 
between us and the door. " Ladies, do not be scar'd, I only want some- 
thing from my portmanteau ; I beg you not to be disturbed." We ran by 
him, like two partridges, into mamma's room, threw ourselves into chairs, 
and reproach' d each other for being so foolish as to blush and look so 
silly. I was very much vex'd at myself, so was Liddy. The Colonel laugh' d 
at us, and it blew over. 

The army had orders to march to-day ; the regulars accordingly did.' 
General Smallwood had the command of militia at that time, and they 
being in the rear, were not to leave their encampment until Second day. 
Observe how mihtaryish I talk. No wonder, when I am surrounded by 
people of that order. The General, Colonels Wood, Guest, Crawford, and 
Line, Majors Stodard and Leatherberry, din'd with us to-day. After dinner, 
Liddy, Betsy, and thy smart journalizer, put on their bonnets to take a 
walk. We left the house. I naturally look'd back ; when, behold, the 

' This was the movement to Whitemarsh. 


two majors seem'd debating whether to follow us or not. Liddy said, ' ' We 
shall have their attendance ; " but I did not think so. They open'd the 
gate, and came fast after us. They overtook us about ten poles from home, 
and beg'd leave to attend us. No fear of a refusal. They inquir'd when 
we were going to neighbor Roberts's.' "We will introduce you to his 
daughters; you us to General Stevens." The affair was concluded, and 
we shortened the way with lively conversation. Our intention of going to 
Roberts's was frustrated ; the rain that had fallen lately had raised the 
Wissahickon too high to attempt crossing it on foot. We alter' d the plan 
of our ramble, left the road, and walk'd near two miles thro' the woods. 
Mr. Leatherberry, observing my locket, repeated the lines : 

" On her white breast a sparkhng cross she wore, 
That Jews might kiss, and infidels adore." 

1 repli'd my trinket bore no resemblance to a cross. " 'Tis something 
better, madam." 'Tis nonsense to repeat all that was said ; my memory is 
not so obliging ; but it is sufficient that nothing happen' d during our little 
excursion but what was very agreeable and entirely consistent with the 
strictest rules of politeness and decorum. I was vex'd a little at tearing my 
muslin petticoat. I had on my white dress, quite as nice as a First-day in 
town. We returned home safe. Smallwood, Wood, and Stodard drank 
tea with us, and spent the greater part of the evening. I declare this gentle- 
man is very, very entertaining, so good natur'd, so good humor'd, — yes, so 
sensible ; I wonder he is not married. Are there no ladies form'd to his 
taste? Some people, my dear, think that there's no difference between 
good nature and good humour ; but, according to my opinion, they differ 
widely. Good nature consists in a naturally amiable and even disposition, 
free from all peevishness and fretting. It is accompanied by a natural grace- 
fulness, — a manner of saying every thing agreeably ; in short, it steals the 
senses, and captivates the heart. Good humour is a very agreeable com- 
panion for an afternoon ; but give me good nature for life. Adieu. 

Second Day, Morn., November ist.^ 
To-day the militia marches, and the General and officers leave us. 
Heigh ho I I am very sorry ; for when you have been with agreeable peo- 

' John Roberts's, in Whitpain, a short distance away. 

2 Second day, — Monday, — was November 3d. The dates here are two days wrong, 
and as the reader may perceive for himself, are inconsistent with those heretofore given, 
which were one day wrong. 


pie, 'tis impossible not to feel regret when they bid you adieu, perhaps for 
ever. When they leave us we shall be immur'd in solitude. The Major 
looks dull. 

Second Day, Noon. 

About two o'clock the General and Major came to bid us adieu. With 
daddy and mammy they shook hands very friendly ; to us they bow'd 
politely. Our hearts were full. I thought the Major was affected. "Good- 
bye, Miss Sally," spoken very low. We stood at the door to take a last 
look, all of us very sober. The Major turn'd his horse's head, and rode 
back, dismounted. " I have forgot my pistols," pass'd us, and ran up- 
stairs. He came swiftly back to us, as if wishing, through inclination, to 
stay; by duty compell'd to go. He remounted his horse. "Farewell, 
ladies, till I see you again," and canter'd away. We look'd at him till the 
turn in the road hid him from our sight. "Amiable major," "Clever 
fellow," " Good young man," was echoed from one to the other. I wonder 
if we shall ever see him again. He has our wishes for his safety. 

Well, here's Uncle Miles. ^ Heartily glad of that am I. His family 
are well, and at Reading. 

Second Day, Even. 

Jesse, who went with the General, return' d. We had a compliment 
from the General and Major. They are very well disposed of at Evan 
Meredith's, six miles from here. I wrote to P. F.,'^ by Uncle Miles, who 
waited on General Washington next morn. 

Third Day, Morn- 

It seems strange not to see our house as it used to be. We are very 
still. No rattling of waggons, glittering of musquets. The beating of the 
distant drum is all we hear. Colonels Wood, Line, Guest, and Major 
Leatherberry are still here ; the two last leave to-day. Wood and Line 
will soon bid us adieu. Amiable Wood ; he is esteem' d by all that know 
him ! Everybody has a good word for him. 

Here 1 skip a week or two, nothing of consequence occurring. (Wood 
and Line are gone.) Some time since arriv'dtwo officers, Lieutenants Lee 
and Warring, Virginians. I had only the salutations of the morn from 

' Colonel Samuel Miles, of the Pennsylvania troops in the Revolutionary army. 
His wife was Catharine Wister, sister of Miss Sally's father. 

2 Polly Fishbourn, a young lady representative of a well-known Philadelphia family, 
and an intimate friend of Miss Sally. She was at Whitemarsh. 


them. Lee is not remarkable one way or the other ; Warring an insignifi- 
cant piece enough. Lee sings prettily, and talks a great deal ; how good 
turkey hash and fried hominy is (a pretty discourse to entertain the ladies), 
extols Virginia, and execrates Maryland, which, by-the-by, I provok'd them 
to ; for though I admire both Virginia and Maryland, I laugh' d at the 
former, and prais'd the latter. Ridiculed their manner of speaking. I 
took a great dehght in teasing them. I beUeve I did it sometimes ill- 
natur'dly ; but I don't care. They were not, I am certain almost, first-rate 
gentlemen. (How different from our other officers.) But they are gone to 
Virginia, where they may sing, dance, and eat fry'd hominy and turkey 
hash all day long, if they choose. Nothing scarcely lowers a man, in my 
opinion, more than talking of eating, what they love, and what they hate. 
Lee and Warring were proficients in this science. Enough of them I 

December 5th, Sixth Day.^ 

Oh, gracious ! Debby, I am all alive with fear. The English have 
come out to attack (as we imagine) our army, three miles this side.' What 
will become of us, only six miles distant ? We are in hourly expectation of 
an engagement. I fear we shall be in the midst of it. Heaven defend us 
from so dreadful a sight. The battle of Germantown, and the horrors of 
that day, are recent in my mind. It will be sufficiently dreadful, if we are 
only in hearing of the firing, to think how many of pur fellow creatures are 
plung'd into the boundless ocean of eternity, few of them prepar'dto meet 
their fate. But they are summon' d before an all-merciful judge, from 
whom they have a great deal to hope. 

Seventh Day, December 6th. 

No firing this morn. I hope for one more quiet day. 

Seventh Day, Noon, 4 o'clock. 

I was much alarm'd just now, sitting in the parlour, indulging melan- 
choly reflections, when somebody burst open the door. "Sally, here's 
Major Stodard ! " I jumped. Our conjectures were various concerning his 
coming, The poor fellow, from great fatigue and want of rest, together 
with being expos' d to the night air, had caught cold, which brought on a 
fever. He cou'd scarcely walk, and I went into aunt's to see him. I was 

1 The dates are now accurate ; December 5th fell on Sixth-day, — Friday. 

« This was Howe's famous demonstration against Washington's position at 'WTiite- 
marsh, which was fully expected to be a general battle. The British left the city on the 
afternoon of December 4th. 


surpris'd. Instead of the lively, alert, blooming Stodard, who was on his 
feet the instant we enter' d, he look'd pale, thin, and dejected, too weak to 
rise, and " How are you. Miss Sally ?" How does thee do. Major ? " I 
seated myself near him, inquir'd the cause of his indisposition, ask'd for 
the General, receiv'd his compliments. Not willing to fatigue him with too 
much chat, I bid him adieu. To-night Aunt H F , Sen'r,' admin- 
ister' d something. Jesse assisted him to his chamber. He had not lain 
down five minutes before he was fast asleep. Adieu. I hope we shall 
enjoy a good night's rest. 

First Day, Morn., December 7th. 

I trip'd into aunt's. There sat the Major, rather more like himself. 
How natural it was to see him. " Good morning. Miss Sally." " Good 
morrow. Major, how does thee do to-day ? " "I feel quite recover' d, Sally. ' ' 
" Well, I fancy this indisposition has sav'd thy head this time." Major : 
" No, ma'am ; for if I hear a firing,^ I shall soon be with them." That was 
heroic. About eleven I dress' d myself, silk and cotton gown. It is made 
without an apron. I feel quite awkwardish, and prefer the girlish dress. 

First Day, Afternoon. 

A Mr. Seaton and Stodard drank tea with us. He and I had a little 
private chat after tea. In the even, Seaton went into aunt's ; mamma went 
to see Prissa, who is poorly ; papa withdrew to talk with some strangers. 
Liddy just then came in, so we engag'd in an agreeable conversation. I 
beg'd him to come and give us a circumstantial account of the battle, if 
there should be one. " I certainly will, ma'am, if I am favor' d with my 
life." Liddy, unluckily, took it into her head to blunder out something 
about a person being in the kitchen who had come from the army. Stod- 
ard, ever anxious to hear, jump'd up. " Good night to you, ladies," was 
the word, and he disappeared, but not forever. " Liddy, thee hussy ; what 
business had thee to mention a word of the army ? Thee sees it sent him 
off. Thy evil genius prevail' d, and we all feel the effects of it." " Lord 
bless me," said Liddy, " I had not a thought of his going, or for ten thou- 
sand worlds I would not have spoke." But we cannot recall the past. 

' Hannah Fouike, widow of William. 

2 Though no firing seems to have been heard, it was on this day that two severe 
skirmishes occurred between the armies, — one on Edge Hill, near Mooretown, and the 
other in Cheltenham, probably near Shoemakertown. There were a number killed, 
and many wounded. 


Well, we laugh'd and chatted at a noisy rate, till a summons for Liddy 
parted us. I sat negligently on my chair, and thought brought thought, 
and I got so low spirited that I cou'd hardly speak. The dread of an 
engagement, the dreadful situation (if a battle should ensue) we should be 
in, join'd to my anxiety for P. F.' and family, who would be in the midst 
of the scene, was the occasion. And yet I did not feel half so frighten' d 
as I expected to be. 'Tis amazing how we get reconciled to such things. 
Six months ago the bare idea of being within ten, ayes twenty miles, of a 
battle, wou'd almost have distracted me. And now, tho' two such large 
armies are within six miles of us, we can converse calmly of it. It verifies 
the old proverb, " Use is second nature." 

I forgot one httle piece of inteUigence, in which the girls say I discov- 
er' d a particular partiality for our Marylanders, but I disclaim anything of 
the kind. These saucy creatures are forever finding out wonders, and for- 
ever metamorphosing mole-hills into mountains. 

" Friendship I offer, pure and free ; 
And who, with such a friend as me, 
Could ask or wish for more? " 

" If they charg'd thee with vanity, Sally, it wou'd not be very un- 
just." Debby Norris ! be quiet ; no reflections, or I have done. "But 
the piece of inteUigence, Sally ! " [It] is just coming, Debby. 

In the afternoon we heard platoon firing. Everybody was at the door ; 
I in the horrors. The armies, as we judg'd, were engag'd. Very compos' dly 
says the Major to our servant, "Will you be kind enough to saddle my 
horse ? I shall go I " Accordingly the horse was taken from the quiet, hos- 
pitable barn to plunge into the thickest ranks of war. Cruel change ! Sea- 
ton insisted to the Major that the armies were still ; " nothing but skirmish- 
ing with the flanking parties ; do not go." We happen' d (we girls I mean) 
to be standing in the kitchen, the Major passing thro' in a hurry, and I, 
forsooth, discover'd a strong partiality by saying, " Oh ! Major, thee is not 
going ! " He turn' d round, "Yes, I am. Miss Sally," bow'd, and went into 
the road ; we all pitied him ; the firing rather decreas'd ; and after persua- 
sions innumerable from my father and Seaton, and the firing over, he re- 
luctantly agreed to stay. Ill as he was, he would have gone. It show'd 
his bravery, of which we all believe him possess' d of a large share. 

1 Polly Fishbourn. 


Second Day, December 8th. 

Rejoice with us, my dear. The British have return' d to the city.^ 
Charming this. May we ever be thankful to the Almighty Disposer of 
events for his care and protection of us while surrounded with dangers. 
Major went to the army. Nothing for him to do ; so returned. 

Third or Fourth day, I forget which, he was very ill ; kept his chamber 
most of the day. In the evening I saw him. I pity him mightily, but pity 
is a poor remedy. 

Fifth Day, December nth. 

Our army mov'd, as we thought, to go into winter quarters,' but we 
hear there is a party of the enemy gone over Schuylkill ; so our army went 
to look at them.^ I observ'd to Stodard, " So you are going to leave us to 
the English." " Yes, ha ! ha ! ha ! leave you for the Enghsh." He has 
a certain indifference about him, that, to strangers, is not very pleasing. He 
sometimes is silent for minutes. One of these silent fits was interrupted 
the other day by his clasping his hands and exclaiming aloud, " Oh, my 
God, I wish this war was at an end ! " 


The Major gone to camp. I don't think we shall see him again. Well, 
strange creature that I am ; here have I been going on without giving thee 
an account of two officers, — one who will be a principal character ; their 
names are Capt. Lipscomb and a Mr. Tilly ; the former a tall, genteel man, 
very dehcate from indisposition, and has a softness in his countenance that 
is very pleasing, and has the finest head of hair that I ever saw ; 'tis a light 
shining auburn. The fashion of his hair was this — negligently ty'd and 
waving down his back. Well may it be said, — 

' They reached Philadelphia on the evening of this day, plundering the farm.s 
between Edge Hill and the city, as they marched in. 

2 Early in the morning of this day, nth December, the camp at Whitemarsh was 
broken up, and the Americans marched (doubtless up the Skippack road to Broadaxe, 
and thence westward) to the ferry at Matson's Ford — now Conshohocken. The 
weather was cold, no snow had fallen, the roads were frozen, and those of the men who 
were barefoot left such crimson marks on the ground, that afterward Washington made 
the statement which has passed into history : " You might have tracked the army from 
Whitemarsh to Valley Forge by the blood of their feet." 

3 This was a force under Cornwallis, 3,000 strong, that had gone out to collect food 
and forage injhe Merions, and which, as unexpectedly to themselves as to the Ameri- 
cans, encountered Sullivan, at the head of the latter column, at the ford. There was 
no battle, however. 


" Loose flow'd the soft redundance of his hair." 
He has not hitherto shown himself a lady's man, tho' he is perfectly- 

Now let me attempt a character of Tilly. He seems a wild, noisy 
mortal, tho' I am not much acquainted with him. He appears bashful 
when with girls. We dissipated the Major's bashfulness ; but I doubt we 
have not so good a subject now. He is above the common size, rather 
genteel, an extreme pretty, ruddy face, hair brown, and a sufficiency of it, 
a very great laugher, and talks so excessively fast that he oftens begins a 
sentence without finishing the last, which confuses him very much, and then 
he blushes and laughs ; and in short, he keeps me in perpetual good 
humour ; but the creature has not address' d one civil thing to me since he 
came. But I have not done with his accomplishments yet, for he is a mu- 
sician, — that is, he plays on the German flute, and has it here. 

Fifth Day, Night. 
The family retir'd ; take the adventures of the afternoon as they oc- 
cur' d. Seaton and Captain Lipscomb drank tea with us. While we sat at 
tea, the parlour door was open'd ; in came Tilly ; his appearance was ele- 
gant ; he had been riding ; the wind had given the most beautiful glow to 
his cheeks, and blow'd his hair carelessly round his cheeks. Oh, my heart, 
thought I, be secure ! The caution was needless, I found it without a wish 
to stray. 

When the tea equipage was remov'd, the conversation turned on poli- 
ticks, a subject I avoid. I gave Betsy a hint. I rose, she followed, and 
we went to seek Lyddy. We chatted a few moments at the door. The 
moon shone with uncommon splendour. Our spirits were high. I pro- 
posed a walk; the girls agreed. When we reach'd the poplar tree, we 
stopp'd. Our ears were assail' d by a number of voices. "A party of light 
horse," said one. " The English, perhaps ; let's run home." " No, no," 
said I, " be heroines." At last two or three men on horseback came in 
sight. W^e walked on. The well-known voice of the Major saluted our 
hearing with, " How do you do, ladies." We turn' d ourselves about with 
one accord. He, not relishing the idea of sleeping on the banks of the 
Schuylkill, had return' d to the mill. We chatted along the road till we 
reach'd our hospitable miansion. Stodard dismounted, and went into 
Jesse's parlour. I sat there a half hour. He is very amiable. Lipscomb, 


Seaton, Tilly, and my father, hearing of his return, and impatient for the 
news, came in at one door, while I made my exit at the other. 

I am vex'd at Tilly, who has his flute, and does nothing but play the 
fool. He begins a tune, plays a note or so, then stops. Well, after a 
while, he begins again ; stops again. " Will that do, Seaton ? Hah ! hah ! 
hah ! " He has given us but two regular tunes since he arriv'd. 1 am 
passionately fond of music. How boyish he behaves. 

Sixth Day, December 12th, 1777. 

I ran into aunt's this morning to chat with the girls. Major Stodard 
join'd us in a few minutes. I verily believe the man is fond of the ladies, 
and, what to me is astonishing, he has not display' d the smallest degree of 
pride. Whether he is artful enough to conceal it under the veil of hu- 
mility, or whether he has none, is a question ; but I am inclined to think 
it the latter. I really am of opinion that there are few of the young fellows 
of the modern age exempt from vanity, more especially those who are 
bless' d with exterior graces. If they have a fine pair of eyes, they are 
forever rolling them about ; a fine set of teeth, mind, they are great laugh- 
ers ; a genteel person, forever changing their attitudes to show them to 
advantage. Oh, vanity, vanity ; how boundless is thy sway ! 

But to resume this interview with Major Stodard. We were very 
witty and sprightly. I was darning an apron, upon which he was pleas' d 
to compliment me. " Well, Miss Sally, what would you do if the British 
were to come here?" " Do," exclaimed I ; " be frighten' d just to death." 
He laugh' d, and said he would escape their rage by getting behind the 
representation of a British grenadier that you have upstairs. ' ' Of all things, 
I should like to frighten Tilly with it. Pray, ladies, let's fix it in his cham- 
ber to-night. " "If thee will take all the blame, we will assist thee. " " That 
I will," he replied, and this was the plan. We had brought some weeks 
ago a British grenadier from Uncle Miles' s on purpose to divert us. It is 
remarkably well executed, six feet high, and makes a martial appearance.^ 
This we agreed to stand at the door that opens into the road (the house has 
four rooms on a floor, with a wide entry running through), with another 
figure, that would add to the deceit. One of our servants was to stand 
behind them , others were to serve as occasion offer' d. After half an 

* This figure is still preserved, and stands (1884) in the hall of Mr. Charles J. 
Wister's residence at Germantown. 


hour's converse, in which we raised our expectations to the highest pitch, 
we parted. If our scheme answers, I shall communicate it in the eve. 
Till then, adieu. 

Sixth Day, Night. 

Never did I more sincerely wish to possess a descriptive genius than I 
do now. All that I can write will fall infinitely short of the truly diverting 
scene that I have been witness of to-night. But, as I mean to attempt an 
account, I had as well shorten the preface, and begin the story. 

In the beginning of the evening I went to Liddy and beg'd her to se- 
cure the swords and pistols which were in their parlour. The Marylander, 
hearing our voices, joined us. I told him of our proposal. Whether he 
thought it a good one or not I can't say, but he approv'd of it, and Liddy 
went in and brought her apron full of swords and pistols. When this was 
done, Stodard join'd the officers. We girls went and stood at the first land- 
ing of the stairs. The gentlemen were very merry, and chatting on public 
affairs, when Seaton's negro (observe that Seaton, being indisposed, was 
appriz'dof the scheme) open'd the door, candle in hand, and said, " There's 
somebody at the door that wishes to see you." " Who ? All of us ? " said 
Tilly. "Yes, sir," said the boy. They all rose (the Major, as he said 
afterwards, almost dying with laughter), and walked into the entry, Tilly 
first, in full expection of news. The first object that struck his view was 
a British soldier. In a moment his ears were saluted, " Is there any rebel 
officers here ? " in a thundering voice. Not waiting for a second word, he 
darted like lightning out of the front door, through the yard, bolted o'er 
the fence. Swamps, fences, thorn-hedges,^ and plough'd fields no way im- 
peded his retreat. He was soon out of hearing. The woods echoed with, 
" Which way did he go .'' Stop him ! Surround the house ! " The amiable 
Lipscomb had his hand on the latch of the door, intending to make his es- 
cape ; Stodard, considering his indisposition, acquainted him with the deceit. 
We females ran down stairs to join in the general laugh. I walked into 
Jesse's parlour. There sat poor Stodard (whose sore hps must have re- 
ceiv'd no advantage from this), almost convuls'd with laughing, rolling in 
an arm-chair. He said nothing ; I believe he could not have spoke. 
" Major Stodard," said I, " go to call Tilly back. He will lose himself, — 
indeed he will ; " every word interrupted with a " Ha ! ha ! " At last he 

1 This fixes the fact that the thorn-hedges which for many years divided a number 
of field and farms, about Penllyn, had been planted before the Revolution. 


rose, and went to the door ; and what a loud voice could avail in bringing 
him back, he tried. Figure to thyself this Tilly, of a snowy evening, no 
hat, shoes down at the heel, hair unty'd, flying across meadows, creeks, and 
mud-holes. Flying from what ? Why, a bit of painted wood. But he was 
ignorant of what it was. The idea of being made a prisoner wholly en- 
grossed his mind, and his last resource was to run. 

After a while, we being in more composure, and our bursts of laughter 
less frequent, yet by no means subsided, — in full assembly of girls and 
officers, — Tilly enter' d. The greatest part of my risibility turn'd to pity. 
Inexpressible confusion had taken entire possession of his countenance, 
his fine hair hanging dishevell'd down his shoulders, all splashed with mud ; 
yet his bright confusion and race had not divested him of his beauty. He 
smil'd as he trip'd up the steps ; but 'twas vexation plac'd it on his features. 
Joy at that moment was banished from his heart. He briskly walked five 
or six steps, then stop'd, and took a general survey of us all. " Where 
have you been, Mr. Tilly ?" ask'd one officer. (We girls were silent.) " I 
really i magi n'd," said Major Stodard, " that you were gone for your pis- 
tols. I follow' d you to prevent danger," — an excessive laugh at each ques- 
tion, which it was impossible to restrain. " Pray, where were your pistols, 
Tilly ?" He broke his silence by the following expression : " You may all 
go to the D 1." I never heard him utter an indecent expression before. 

At last his good nature gain'd a complete ascendance over his anger, 
and he join'd heartily in the laugh. I will do him the justice to say that 
he bore it charmingly. No cowardly threats, no vengeance denounced. 
Stodard caught hold of his coat. "Come, look at what you ran away 
from," and drag'd him to the door. He gave it a look, said it was very 
natural, and, by the singularity of his expressions, gave fresh cause for 
diversion. We all retir'd to our different parlours, for the rest of our faces, 
if I may say so. 

Well, certainly, these military folks will laugh all night. Such scream- 
ing I never did hear. Adieu to-night. 

December 13th. 

I am fearful they will yet carry the joke too far. Tilly certainly pos- 
sesses an uncommon share of good nature, or he could not tolerate these 
frequent teazings. Ah, Deborah, the Major is going to leave us entirely — 
just going. I will see him first. 


Seventh Day, Noon. 
He has gone. I saw him pass the bridge. The woods which you 
enter immediately after crossing it, hinder' d us from following him further. 
I seem to fancy he will return in the evening. 

Seventh Day, Night. 
Stodard not come back. We shall not, I fancy, see him again for 
months, perhaps for years, unless he should visit Philadelphia. We shall 
miss his agreeable company. But what shall we make of Tilly ? No ci\ il 
things yet from him. Adieu to-night, my dear. 

December 14th. 
The officers yet here. No talk of their departure. They are ver\- 
lively. Tilly's retreat the occasion ; the principal one, at least. 

First Day, Night. 

Captain Lipscomb, Seaton, and Tilly, with cousin H. M., Mined with 
us to-day. Such an everlasting bore as Tilly I never knew. He caused us 
a good deal of diversion while we sat at table. He said not a syllable to 
one of us young ladies since Sixth-day eve. He tells Lipscomb that the 
Major had the assistance of the ladies in the execution of the scheme. He 
tells a truth. 

About four o'clock I was standing at the door, leaning my head on my 
hand, when a genteel officer rode up to the gate and dismounted. "Your 
servant, ma'am," and gave me the compliment of his hat. Went into 
aunt's. I went into our parlour. Soon Seaton was call'd. Many minutes 
had not elapsed before he enter' d with the young fellow whom I had just 
seen. He introduced him by the name of Captain Smallwood. We seated 
ourselves. I then had an opportunity of seeing him. He is a brother to 
General Smallwood. A very genteel, pretty little fellow, very modest, and 
seems agreeable, but no personal resemblance between him and the Major. 
After tea, turning to Tilly, he said, " So, sir, 1 have heard you had like to 
have been taken prisoner last Friday night." " Pray, sir, who informed 
you ? " " Major Stodard was my author." " I fancy he made a fine tale 
of it. How far did he say I ran ? " " Two miles ; and that you fell into 
the mill-pond ! " He rais'd his eyes and hands, and exclaimed, " What a 
confounded falsehood." The whole affair was again reviv'd. Our Tillian 
here gave a mighty droll account of his "retreat," as they call it. He 

1 Cousin Hannah Miles, daughter of Colonel Miles. 


told us that, after he had got behind our kitchen, he stop'd for company, 
as he expected the others would immediately follow. ' • But I heard them 
scream, 'Which way did he go ? Where is he?' 'Aye,' said I, to myself, 
' he is gone where you shan't catch him,' and off I set again." " Pray," 
ask'd mamma, " did thee keep that lane between the meadows ? " " Oh, 
no, ma'am ; that was a large road, and I might happen to meet some of 
them. When I got to your thorn hedge, I again stop'd. As it was a cold 
night, I thought 1 would pull up my shoe-heels, and tie my handkerchief 
round my head. I began to have a suspicion of a trick, and, hearing the 
Major hollow, I came back." 

I think I did not laugh more at the very time than to-night at the 
rehearsal of it. He is so good-natured, and takes all their jokes with so 
good a grace, that I am quite charm'd with him. He laughingly denounces 
vengeance against Stodard. He will be even with him. He is in the 
Major's debt, but he will pay him, etc. 

December 15th. 

Smallwood has taken up his quarters with us. Nothing worth relating 
occur' d to-day. 

3d, 4th, and 5th day. 

We chatted a little with the officers. Smallwood not so chatty as his 
brother or nephew. Lipscomb is very agreeable ; a delightful musical 

Sixth Day, Noon, December 19th. 

The officers, after the politest adieus, have left us. Smallwood and 
Tilly are going to Maryland,* where they live ; Seaton to Virginia ; and 
Lipscomb to camp, to join his regiment. I feel sorry at this departure, yet 
'tis a different kind from what I felt some time since. We had not con- 
tracted so great an intimacy with those last. 

Seventh Day, December 20th. 

General Washington's army have gone into winter quarters at the 
Valley Forge. ^ We shall not see many of the military now. We shall be 
very intimate with solitude. I am afraid stupidity will be a frequent guest. 
After so much company, I can't relish the idea of sequestration. 

* General Smallwood's brigade went to Wilmington, where they passed the winter. 

* The army had been at Gulf Creek (near Conshohocken, but west of the Schuyl- 
kill), for a few days, but left there on the 19th, and marched to Valley Creek, to begin 
the winter encampment. 


First Day, Night. 

A dull round of the same thing over again. 1 shall hang up my pen 
until something offers worth relating. 

February 3d and 4th. 

I thought 1 never should have anything to say again. Nothing hap- 
pen' d all January that was uncommon. Capt. Lipscomb and Mas' stay' d 
one night at Jesse's, and sup' d with us. How elegant the former was dres'd. 
And indeed 1 have forgot to keep an exact account of the day of the month 
in which I went down to G. E.'s, with P. F.; * but it was the 23d or 24th of 
January. After enjoying a week of her agreeable company at the mill, I 
returnecP with her to Whitemarsh. We went on horseback, — the roads 
bad. We however surmounted this difficulty, and arrived there safe. 

Second Day, Eve. 

G. E. brought us a charming collection of books, — " Joe Andrews," 
" Juliet Grenville," and some Lady s Magazines. P. F. sent us " Caroline 

Fourth Day, 26th. 

I thought our scheme of going to Fr'd F.'s was entirely frustrated, as 
S. E. was much indispos'd. About twelve she got better. We made some 
alteration in our dress, step'd into the carriage, and rode off". Spent a most 
delightful day. As we approach' d the house, on our return, we perceiv'd 
several strangers in the parlour. Polly's face and mine brighten' d up at 
the discovery. We alighted. Polly swung open the door, and introduc'd 
us to Major Jameson and Captain Howard, both of the dragoons, the former 
from Virginia, the latter a Marylander. We all seem'd in penseroso 
style till after supper. We then began to be rather more sociable. About 
ten they bid us adieu. I dare say thee is impatient to know my sentiments 
of the swains. Howard has very few external charms ; indeed, I cannot 

1 So in copy. Not intelligible. 

* To George Emlen's (at Whitemarsh, close by the present station of Sandy Run), 
with Polly Fishbourn. 

8 The language here, not entirely clear, means that Polly Fishbourn had been " at 
the mill," — at Penllyn, — when Miss Sally " went down " with her to Whitemarsh. 

* We get some clue, here, as to the attractive literature of the times. "Joseph 
Andrews " was Fielding's famous novel, published in 1742. The Lady s Magazine was 
a London monthly, whose issue was begun October, 1759, "by John Wilkie, book- 
seller. Fleet Street." 


name one. As to his internal ones, I am not a judge. Jameson is tall and 
manly, a comely face, dark eyes and hair. Seems to be much of a gentle- 
man. No ways deficient in point of sense, or, at least, in the course of the 
evening, I discover' d none. 

Fifth and Sixth day, and Seventh day, pass'd away very agreeably. 
No strangers. 

First Day, Eve. 

This day my charming friend and myself ascended the barren hills of 
Whitemarsh, from the tops of which we had an extensive prospect of the 
country round. The traces of the army which encamp' d on these hills are 
very visible. Rugged huts, imitations of chimneys, and many other ruin- 
ous objects, which plainly show'd they had been there. D. J. S. dined 
with us. 

Second Day. 

Very cold and windy. I wonder I am not sent for. Read and work'd 
by turns. 

Third Day. 

A raw, snowy day. I am sent for, nevertheless. Adieu. 

[North Wales, at my habitation at the mill.] 

March ist, 1778, Third Day, Eve. 

Such a ride as I have had, O dear Debby. About 2 o'clock the 
sleigh came for me. Snowing excessively fast, though not sufficiently deep 
to make it tolerable sleighing ; but go I must. I bid adieu to my agreeable 
friends, and with a heavy heart and flowing eyes, I seated myself in the 
unsociable vehicle. There might as well have been no snow on the 
ground. I was jolted just to pieces. But, notwithstanding these vexations, 
I got safe to my home, when I had the great pleasure of finding my dear 
parents, sisters, and brothers well, a blessing which I hope ever to remem- 
ber with thankfulness. 

Well, will our nunnery be more bearable now than before I left it ? 
No beaus since I left here, so I have the advantage of the girls. They are 
wild to see Major Jameson. 

May nth, 1778. 

The scarcity of paper, which is very great in this part of the country, 
and the three last months not producing anything material, have prevented 
me from keeping a regular account of things ; but to-day the scene begins to 


brighten, and I will continue my nonsense. In the afternoon, we were just 
seated at tea, — Dr. Moore^ with us. Nelly (our girl) brought us the won- 
derful intelligence that there were light horse in the road. The tea-table 
was almost deserted. About fifteen light horse were the vanguard of i6 
hundred men under the command of General Maxwell. I imagin'd that 
they would pass immediately by, but was agreeably disappointed. My 
father came in with the General, Colonel Brodhead, Major Ogden, and 
Captain Jones. 

The General is a Scotsman, — nothing prepossessing in his appearance ; 
the Colonel, very martial and fierce ; Ogden, a genteel young fellow, with 
an aquiline nose. Captain Cadwallader Jones — if I was not invincible, I 
must have fallen a victim to this man's elegancies (but, thank my good 
fortune, I am not made of susceptibilities), — tall, elegant, and handsome, — 
white fac'd with blue regimentals, and a mighty airish cap and white crest ; 
his behaviour is refin'd, — a Virginian. They sat a few minutes after tea, 
then bid us adieu. 

This brigade is encamp' d about three miles from us. 

First Day, Evening. 
This afternoon has been productive of adventures in the true sense of 
the word. Jenny R., Betsy, Liddy, and I, very genteelly dress'd, deter- 
mined to take a stroll. Neighbor Morgan's was proposed. Away we 
rambled, heedless girls. Pass'd two picket guards. Meeting with no 
interruptions encouraged us. After paying our visit, we walked towards 
home, when, to my utter astonishment, the sentry desir'd us to stop ; that 
he had orders not to suffer any persons to pass but those who had leave 
from the officer, who was at the guard house, surrounded by a number of 
men. To go to him would be inconsistent with propriety ; to stay there, 
and night advancing, was not clever. I was much terrified. I tried to 
persuade the soldier to let us pass. " No ; he dared not." Betsy attempted 
to go. He presented his gun with the bayonet fix'd. This was an addi- 
tional fright. Back we turn'd ; and, very fortunately, the officer (Captain 
Emeson), seeing our distress, came to us. I ask'd him if he had any 
objection to passing the sentry. " None at all, ma'am." He waited upon 
us, and reprimanded the man, and we, without any farther difficulty, came 

' Dr. Charles Moore, of Montgomery, no doubt. 


Third Day, June 2d. 

I was standing at the back window. An officer and private of dra- 
goons rode by. I tore to the door to have a better view of them. They 
stopped. The officer rode up, and ask'd for Jesse, who was call'd. 

Afternoon, 4 o'clock. 

Oh, Deborah ; what capital adventures. Jesse came. The idea of 
having light horse quarter' d at the farm was disagreeable ; the meadows 
just fit to mow, and we had heard what destruction had awaited their foot- 
steps. This was the dialogue between Jesse and the officer : " Pray, sir, 
can I have quarters for a few horsemen ? " " How many ?" " Five and 
twenty, sir. I do not mean to turn them into your meadows. If you have 
any place you can spare, anything will do." And he dismounted, and 
walk'd into aunt's parlor. I, determined to find out his character, foUow'd. 
' ' I have, ' ' replied Jesse, ' ' a tolerable field, that may perhaps suit. " " That 
will do, sir. But if you have any objection to putting them in a field, my 
men shall cut the grass, and bring it in the road. 1 am under the necessity 
of quartering them here, but I was order' d. I am only an inferior officer." 
Some elegant corporal, thought I, and went to the door. He soon join'd 
me, speaking to his man, " Ride off, and tell Mr. Watts we rendezxous 

He inquir'd the name of the farmer, andwent into aunt's ; 1 into the 
back room. The troop rode up. " New scenes," said I, and moved up- 
stairs, where I saw them perform their different manoeuvres. This Mr. 
Watts is remarkably tall, and a good countenance. I adjourn' d to the 
parlour. The first officer march' d up and down the entry. Prissacamein. 
" Good, now, Prissa. What's the name of this man .? " " Dyer, I believe." 
Captain Dyer. Oh, the name ! " What does he say ? " " Why, that he will 
kiss me when he has din'd." " Singular," I observ'd, " on so short an ac- 
quaintance." " But," resum'd Prissa, " he came and fix'd his arm on the 
chair I sat in : ' Pray, ma'am, is there not a family from town with you ?' 
' Yes.' ' What's their name ?' ' Wister.' ' There's two fine girls there. I 
will go chat with them. Pray, did they leave their effects in Philadelphia ? ' 
' Yes, everything, almost.' ' They shall have them again, that they shall.' " 
There ended the conversation. But this ugly name teas'd me. "Oh, Sally, 
he is a Virginian ; that's in his favour greatly." "I'm not sure that's his 
name, but I understood so." Prissa left us. I step'd into aunt's for Johnny 
and desir'd him to come home. Up started the Captain : " Pray, let me 


introduce yoit, ma'am." " I am perfectly accjiiainted with him," said I, 
and turned to the door. "Tell your sister I beUeve she is not fond of 
strangers." I smil'd, and returned to our parlour. 

Third Day Night, nine o'clock, aye, ten, I fancy. 

Take a circumstantial account of this afternoon, and the person of this 
extraordinary man. His exterior first. His name is not Dyer, but Alex- 
ander Spotswood Dandridge, which certainly gives a genteel idea of the 
man. I will be particular. His person is more elegantly form'd than any 
I ever saw ; tall and commanding. His forehead is very white, though the 
lower part of his face is much sunburn' d ; his features are extremely pleas- 
ing ; an even, white set of teeth, dark hair and eyes. I can't better describe 
him than by saying he is the handsomest man I ever beheld. Betsy and 
Liddy coincide in this opinion. 

After I had sat a while at home, in came Dandridge. He enter' d into 
chat immediately. Ask'd if we knew Tacy Vanderen. Said he courted 
her, and that they were to be married soon. Observ'd my sampler, which 
was in full view. Wish'd I would teach the Virginians some of my needle 
wisdom ; they were the laziest girls in the world. Told his name. Laugh' d 
and talk'd incessantly. At last, " May I " (to mamma) " introduce my 
brother officer?" We assented; so he call'd him. "Mr. Watts, Mrs. 
Wister, young Miss Wister. Mr. Watts, ladies, is one of our Virginia chil- 
dren." He sat down. Tea was order'd. Dandridge never drank tea ; 
Watts had done ; so we sat to the table alone. " Let's walk in the gar- 
den," said the Captain ; so we call'd Liddy, and went (not Watts). We 
sat down in a sort of a summer-house. ' ' Miss Sally, are you a Quaker ? ' ' 
" Yes." " Now, arc you a Quaker ? " " Yes, I am." " Then you are a 
Tory." " I am not, indeed," "Oh, dear," replied he, " I am a poor 
creature. I can hardly live." Then, flying away from that subject, "Will 
you marry me. Miss Sally ? " " No, really ; a gentleman after he has said 
he has not sufficient to maintain himself, to ask me to marry him. " " Never 
mind what I say, I have enough to make the pot boil." 

Had we been acquainted seven years, we could not have been more 
sociable. The moon ga,ve a sadly pleasing light. We sat at the door till 
nine. Dandridge is sensible, and (divested of some freedoms, which might 
be call'd gallant in the fashionable world) he is polite and agreeable. His 
greatest fault is a propensity to swearing, which throws a shade over his 


accomplishments. I ask'd him why he did so. " It is a favorite vice, Miss 
Sally." At nine he went to his chamber. Sets off at sunrise. 

Fourth Day, Morn, 12 o'clock. 

I was awaken' d this morn with a great racket of the Captain's servant 
calling him ; but the lazy fellow never rose till about half an hour past 
eight. This his daylight ride. I imagin'd they would be gone before now, 
so I dressed in a green skirt and dark short gown. Provoking. So down 
I came, this Captain (wild wretch) standing at the back door. He bow'd 
and call'd me. I only look'd, and went to breakfast. About nine I took 
my work and seated myself in the parlour. Not long had I sat, when in 
came Dandridge, — the handsomest man in existence, at least that I had 
ever seen. But stop here, while I just say, the night before, chatting 
upon dress, he said he had no patience with those officers who, every morn, 
before they went on detachments, would wait to be dress' d and powder' d. 
" I am," said I, " excessively fond of powder, and think it very becoming." 
"Are you ? " he reply' d. " I am very careless, as often wearing my cap 
thus " (turning the back part before) " as any way." I left off where he 
came in. He was powder' d very white, a (pretty colored) brown coat, 
lapell'd with green, and white waistcoat, etc., and his — 

" Sword beside him negligently hung." 
He made a truly elegant figure. " Good morning, Miss Sally. You are 
very well, I hope." "Very well. Pray sit down," which he did, close by 
me. " Oh, dear," said I, " 1 see thee is powder'd." "Yes, ma'am. 1 
have dress'd myself off for you." Will I be excused, Debby, if I look upon 
his being powder'd in the light of a compliment to me ? "Yes, Sally, as 
thee is a country maid, and don't often meet with compliments." Saucy 
Debby Norris ! 

'Tis impossible to write a regular account of our conversation. Be it 
sufficient to say that we had a multiplicity of chat. 

About an hour since, sister H. came to me and said Captain Dandridge 
was in the parlour, and had ask'd for me. I went in. He met me, caught 
my hands. "Oh, Miss Sally, I have a beautiful sweetheart for you." 
" Poh ! ridiculous! Loose my hands." "Well, but don't be so cross." 
"Who is he?" " Major Clough. I have seen him. Ain't he pretty, to be 
sure? I am going to headquarters. Have you any commands there?" 
" None at all ; but " (recollecting), " yes, I have. Pray, who is your com- 


mandiug officer ? " " Colonel Bland, ma'am." " Please give my compli- 
ments to him, and I shou'd be glad if he would send thee back with a little 
more manners." Hereply'd wickedly, and told me 1 had a little spiteful 
heart. But he was intolerably saucy ; said he never met with such ladies. 
" Not to let me kiss you. You're very ill-natur'd, Sally." And, putting 
on the sauciest face, " Sally, if Tacy V*nd*r*n won't have me, will you ?" 
" No, really ; none of her discarded lovers." "But, provided I prefer 
you to her, will you consent ? " "No, I won't." " Very well, madam." 
And after saying he would return to-morrow, among a hundred other 
things, he elegantly walk'd out of the room. Soon he came back, took 
up a volume of Homer's Iliad, and read to us. He reads very well, and 
with judgment. One remark he made, that I will relate, on these lines, — 

" While Greece a heavy, thick retreat maintains, 
Wedg'd in one body, like a flight of cranes." 

" G — d knows our army don't do so. I wish they did." He laugh' d, and 
went away. 

Four o'clock, Afternoon. 
Major Clough, Captain Swan, and Mr. Moore, a lieutenant of horse, 
din'd with Dandridge. The latter, after dinner, came in to bid us adieu. 
He sat down, and was rather saucy. I look'd very grave. " Miss Betsy, 
you have a very ill-natured sister. Observe how cross she looks." He 
prayed we might part friends, and offer' d his hand. I gave him mine, which 
he kiss'd in a very gallant manner ; and so, with truly affectionate leave, 
he walked to the parlour door, " God Almighty bless you, ladies ; " bow'd, 
went into the road, mounted a very fine horse, and rode away ; leaving 
Watts and the troop here, to take care of us, as he said. " Mr. Watts, 
Miss Sally, is a very worthy man ; but, poor soul, he is so captivated with 
you, — the pain in his breast all owing to you, — he was caught by this 
beauty-spot," tapping my cheek. He could not ha\e thought it was 
meant for an addition, as the size of it shew'd the contrary. But he is 
gone ; and I think, as I have escaped thus far safe, I am quite a heroine, 
and need not be fearful of any of the lords of the creation for the future. 

Six o'clock, Evening. 
Watts drank tea with us. A conversable man. Says that the Dan- 
dridges are one of the genteelest families in Virginia, — relations of General 
Washington's wife. He appeared very fond of the Captain, who has had a 


liberal education. Very sensible and brave. I sat in the entry all last even- 
ing, as did Betsy. But first, let me say, Fifth-day morn we chatted on a 
variety of subjects ; and amongst others, he mentioned the cruelty of the 
Britons, which, I agreed, was very great. He said he would retaliate when- 
ever he had an opportunity. I strenuously opposed such a procedure, 
observing that it would be erring in the same way, and tho' they might de- 
serve it, yet it would be much nobler to treat them with lenity. Remember 
the hnes of Pope, — 

" That mercy I to others show, 
That mercy show to me." 

"I perfectly remember them. Your sentiments are noble; but we 
must retaliate sometimes." 

A horseman deliver" d this message : " Let the troop lie on their arms, 
and be ready to maixh at a moment's warning." He immediately gave 
these orders to the sergeant. Every soldier was in motion. I was a good 
deal frighten'd, and ask'd ^^'atts the reason. He fancy'd the British were 
in motion, tho' he had not receiv'd such intelligence. "What will thee do 
if they come here ? " " Defend the house as long as I can, ma'am." T 
was shock' d. " Bless my heart ; what 7C77/ become of us ?" " You may 
be very safe. The house is an excellent house to defend ; only do you be 
still. If the British vanquish us, down on you knees, and cry, ' Bless the 
kin"-.' If we conquer them, why you know you are safe." This added to 
my fright. I called my dear mamma, who was much indispos'd. Dadda 
was gone to Lancaster. Mamma ask'd him the same questions, and he 
ti-ave her the same answers. I was in a fearful taking, and said if I thought 
such a thing would happen, I would set off, though nine o'clock, and walk 
to Uncle Foulke's. " No, don't go to-night. Miss Sally. 1 will take you 
there to-morrow. Don't be uneasy. This is nothing. 1 often go to bed 
with my boots on upon some alarms." " But thee will take off thy boots 
to-night?" " Yes, I will, indeed." " Is thee really in earnest about de- 
fending the house ? " " No, madam ; for believe me, if I hear the enemy 
is in motion, I will immediately depart, bag and baggage." 

This dispell' d my fears, and after wishing me a good night, he retir'd 
to his chamber. Imagine my consternation when our girl came running 
in, and said the lane was fill'd with light horse. I flew to the side door. It 
was true, My joy was great when I heard Major Clough ask if this was 
Captain Dandridge's quarters. I answer' d in the affirmative. He rode 


round to the other door. Watts, though gone to bed, was call'd. He 
chatted apart to the Major a while, then went off towards Skippack road, 
follow' d by a large party of horse and waggons. My fears were all renew' d ; 
and, as if we were to be in perpetual alarms, by came another party, much 
larger, in dark clothes. These we all thought were British. They halted. 
All as still as death. The officer rode up to the door. " Does Mr. Foulke 
live here ? " " Yes," said somebody. " Is there not a family from town 
here, — Mr. Wister's ? " I recollected the voice, and said, "Captain Stod- 
ard, I presume ?" " Yes, madam. Are you Mr. Wister's wife ? " " No, 
his daughter." " Is your papa at home ? " " No," I reply' d, but invited 
him in to see mamma. He agreed ; dismounted, as did many other offi- 
cers ; but he alone came into our parlour. Watts follow' d to bid us adieu. 
They sat a few minutes ; told us that two of their men had deserted, and 
when that was the case, they generally moved their quarters. Watts told 
him how I was frighten' d. He said I paid but a poor compliment to their 
chivalry. I only smiled. The alarm had partly deprived me of the power 
of speech. 

They sat about fifteen minutes, then rose, and after the politest adieus, 
departed. All the horse follow' d — about one hundred and fifty. I never 
saw more regularity observ'd, or so undisturb'd a silence kept up when so 
large a number of people were together. Not a voice was heard, except 
that of the officer who gave the word of command. The moon at intervals 
broke thro' the heavy black clouds. No noise was perceiv'd, save that 
which the horses made as they trotted o'er the wooden bridge across the 
race. Echo a while gave us back the sound. At last nothing was left but 
remembrance of them. The family all retir'd to their respective chambers, 
and enjoyed a calm repose. 

This Captain Stodard is from New England, and belongs to Colonel 
Sheldon's regiment of dragoons. He made an acc[uaintance with my 
father at Germantown, whilst our army was at that place, and had been 
here once before. He is clever and gentlemanly. 

Fifth Day, June 4th, 2 o'clock. 
Oh, gracious ! how warm is this day. But, warm as it is, I must make 
a small alteration in my dress. I do not make an elegant figure, tho' 
I do not expect to see a stranger to-day. 


Sixth Day, June 5th, Morn, ii o'clock. 

Last night we were a little alarm' d. I was awaken' d about 12, with 
somebody's opening the chamber door. I observ'd cousin Prissa talking 
to mamma. I asked what was the matter. ' ' Only a party of light horse. 
"Are they Americans ? " I quickly said. She answer' d in the affirmative, 
(which dispell'd my fears), and told me Major Jameson commanded, and 
that Captains Call and Nixon were with him. With that intelligence she 
left us. I resolved in my mind whether or not Jameson would renew his 
acquaintance ; but Morpheus buried all my ideas, and this morning I rose 
by, or near seven, dress' d in my light chintz, which is made gown-fashion, 
kenton handkerchief, and linen apron. " Sufficiently smart for a country 
girl, Sally." Don't call me a country girl, Debby Norris. Please to observe 
that I pride myself on being a Philadelphian, and that a residence of 10 
months has not at all diminished the love I have for that place ; and as 
soon as one capital alteration takes place (which is very much talk'd of at 
present), I expect to return to it with a double pleasure. 

Dress' d as above, down I came, and went down to our kitchen, which 
is a small distance from the house. As I came back, I saw Jameson at the 
window. He met me in the entry, bow' d : — ' ' How do you do. Miss Sally? 
After the compliments usual on such occasions had passed, I invited him 
into our parlour. He followed me in. We chatted very sociably. I 
inquir'd for P. F.' He said he had seen her last First-day ; that she was 
well. Her mamma had gone to Lancaster, to visit her daughter Wharton, ^ 
who, as I suppose you have heard, has lost her husband. 

1 ask'd him whether Dandridge was on this side the Delaware. He 
said " Yes." I wanted sadly to hear his opinion, but he said not a word. 
The conversation turn'd upon the British leaving Philadelphia. He firmly 
believ'd they were going. I sincerely wish'd it might be true, but was 
afraid to flatter myself. I had heard it so often that I was quite faithless, 
and express' d my approbation of Pope's 12th beatitude, " Blessed are they 
that expect nothing, for they shall not be disappointed." He smil'd, and 
assur'd me they were going away. 

' Polly Fishbourn. 

2 The " mamma " was Mrs. William Fishbourn- Her daughter Elizabeth was the 
second wife of Thomas Wharton, jr., President of the Supreme Executive Council 
(acting Governor). Her/, at Lancaster (the seat of the Pt^nnsylvania government at 
this time), on May 22, 1778. 


He was summon' d to breakfast. I ask'd him to stay with us. He 
declin'd the invitation with politeness, adding that he was in a hurry, — 
obHg'd to go to camp as soon as he could. He bow'd, "Your servant, 
ladies," and withdrew immediately. After breakfast they set off for Valley 
Forge, where Gen'l Washington's army still are. 

I am more pleas' d with Major Jameson than I was at at first. He is sen- 
sible and agreeable, — a manly person, and a very good countenance. We 
girls differ about him. Prissa and I admire him, whilst Liddy and Betsy 
will not allow him a spark of beauty. Aunt's family are charm' d with his 
behavior, — so polite, so unassuming. When he disturb' d them last night, 
he made a hundred apologies, — was so sorry to call them up, — 'twas real 
necessity oblig'd him. I can't help remarking the contrast between him 
and Dandridge. The former appears to be rather grave than gay, — no 
vain assuming airs. The latter calls for the genius of a Hogarth to char- 
acterize him. He is possess' d of a good understanding, a very liberal edu- 
cation, gay and volatile to excess. He is an Indian, a gentleman, grave 
and sad, in the same hour. But what signifies ? I can't give thee a true 
idea of him ; but he assumes at pleasure a behavior the most courtly, the 
most elegant of anything I ever saw. He is very entertaining company, 
and very vain of his personal beauties ; yet nevertheless his character is 

Sixth Day, Noon and Evening. 

Nothing material occurr'd. 

Seventh Day, Night. 

A dull morn. In the afternoon, Liddy, Betsy, R. H., and self went to 
one of our neighbors to eat strawberries. Got a few. Return' d home ; 
drank tea. No beaus. Adieu. 

First Day, Evening. 

Heigh-ho ! Debby, there's little meaning in that exclamation, ain't 
there ? To me it conveys much. I have been looking what the dictionary 
says. It denotes uneasiness of mind. I don't know that my mind is par- 
ticularly uneasy just now. 

The occurrences of the day come now. I left my chamber between 
eight and nine, breakfasted, went up to dress, put on a new purple and 
white striped Persian, white petticoat, muslin apron, gauze cap, and hand- 
kerchief. Thus array' d, Miss Norris, I ask your opinion. Thy partiaHty 
for thy friend will bid thee say I made a tolerable appearance. Not so, my 


dear. I was this identical Sally Wister, with all her whims and follies ; 
and they have gain'd so great an ascendancy over my prudence, that I 
fear it will be a hard matter to divest myself of them. But I will hope for 
a reformation. 

Cousin H. M. came about nine, and spent the day with us. After we 
had din'd, two dragoons rode up to the door ; one a waiting-man of Dan- 
dridge's, the faithful Jonathan. They are quarter' d a few miles from us. 
The junior sisters, Liddy and Betsy, join'd by me, ventur'd to send our 
compliments to the Captain and Watts. Prissa insists that it is vastly 
indelicate, and that she has done with us. Hey day 1 What prudish 
notions are those, Priscilla ? I banish prudery. Suppose we had sent our 
lo7)e to him, where had been the impropriety ? for really he had a person 
that was love-inspiring, tho' I escap'd, and may say, lo triumphe. I an- 
swer not for the other girls, but am apt to conclude that Cupid shot his 
arrows, and that maybe they had effect. A fine evening this. If wishes 
could avail, I would be in your garden with S. J., R. F., and thyself. Thee 
has no objection to some of our North Wales swains, — not the beau in- 
habitants, but some of the transitory ones. But cruel reverse. Instead 
of having my wishes accomplish' d, I must confine myself to the narrow 
limit of this farm. 

Liddy calls : " Sally, will thee walk ?" " Yes." Perhaps a walk will 
give a new turn to my ideas, and present something new to my vacant im- 

Second Day, Third Day, Fourth Day. 
No new occurrences to relate. Almost adventureless, except General 
Lacy's riding by, and his fierce horse disdaining to go without showing his 
airs, in expectation of drawing the attention of the mill girls, in order to 
glad his master's eyes. Ha ! ha ! ha ! One would have imagin'd that 
vanity had been buried within the shades of N. Wales. Lacy is tolerable ; 
but as ill luck would order it, I had been busy, and my auburn ringlets 
were much dishevell'd : therefore I did not glad his eyes, and cannot set 
down on the list of honours receiv'd that of a bow from Brigadier-General 

' Brigadier-general John Lacey, in command of the militia forces. See details 
concerning him, next chapter. 


Fifth Day, Night, June iSth. 
Rose at half-past four this morning. Iron'd industriously till one 
o'clock, din'd, went up stairs, threw myself on the bed, and fell asleep. 
About four, sister H. wak'd me, and said uncle and J. F. were down stairs ; 
so I decorated myself, and went down. Felt quite lackadaisical. However, 
I jump'd about a little, and the stupid fit went off. We have had strange 
reports about the British being about leaving Philadelphia. I can't believe 
it. . Adieu. 

Sixth Day, Morn, June 19th. 

We have heard an astonishing piece of news ! The English have en- 
tirely left the city ! It is almost impossible ! Stay, I shall hear further. 

Sixth Day, Eve. 

A light horseman has just confirm' d the above intelligence ! This is 
charniante ! They decamp' d yesterday. He (the horseman) was in Phila- 
delphia. It is true. They have gone. Past a doubt. I can't help exclaim- 
ing to the girls, — 

" Now are you sure the news is true ? Now are you sure they have 
gone?" "Yes, yes, yes ! " they all cry, "and may they never, never 

Dr. Gould came here to-night. Our army are about six miles off, on 
their march to the Jerseys. 

Seventh Day, Morn. 
O. F.^ arrived just now, and relateth as folloiueth : — The army began 
their march at six this morning by their house. Our worthy General Small- 
wood breakfasted at Uncle Caleb's.^ He ask'd how Mr. and Mrs. Wister 
and the young ladies were, and sent his respects to us. Our brave, our 
heroic General Washington was escorted by fifty of the Life Guard, with 
drawn swords. Each day he acquires an addition to his goodness. We 
have been very anxious to know how the inhabitants of Philadelphia have 
far'd. I understand that General Arnold, who bears a good character, has 
the command of the city, and that the soldiers conducted with great de- 
corum. Smallwood says they had the strictest orders to behave well ; and 
I dare say they obey'd the order. I now think of nothmg but returning 
to Philadelphia. 

' Owen Foulke, son of Caleb. 

* The Meredith house, on the Swedes' Ford road. 


So I shall now conclude this journal, with humbly hoping that the 
Great Disposer of events, who has graciously vouchsaf'd to protect us to 
this day through many dangers, will still be pleas' d to continue his pro- 

Sally Wister. 

North Wales, June 20th, 1778. 


Revolutionary Details. 

THERE is no record or tradition of serious bloodshed in 
Gwynedd during the war of the Revolution, though the 
place was so near to many important military operations. But 
detachments of the American army moved through it many 
times, and from September, 1777, to June, 1778,* the people must 
have been almost daily reminded by the visits of soldiers of the 
conflict that was raging about them. 

When Washington was on the Perkiomen, previous to his 
attack at Germantown, General McDougall's brigade, consisting 
of about sixteen hundred men, was posted " at Montgomery," 
and from there it marched down to the battle, moving, no doubt, 
by the Bethlehem road to the Spring-House, and then down to 
Whitemarsh. After the battle, the current of the retreat swept 
upward through Gwynedd. General Francis Nash, of North 
Carolina, who was mortally wounded early in the action, and 
whose remains lie with those of Colonel Boyd, Major White, 
and Lieutenant Smith, in the Mennonite graveyard above Kulps- 
ville, is said to have died at Heist's tavern,^ having been brought 
that far in a wagon. The Friends' meeting-house, according to 
tradition, was used as a hospital, and a number of soldiers who 
died in it are believed to have been buried in the south corner of 
the graveyard, where there is now a considerable space with no 
stones or other marks. 

' September ii, 1777, the battle of Brandywine, June 18, 1778, evacuation of Phila- 
delphia by the British, and breaking up of the Camp at Valley Forge by the Americans. 
'This is the tradition ; but the tavern is said to have been established in 1784. 


During the winter of 1777-78, while the Americans were at 
Valley Forge, and the British in Philadelphia, scouting and for- 
aging parties were continually moving through the township. 

On the 9th of January, 1778, Colonel John Lacey, of Bucks 
county, was appointed a brigadier-general, in command of the 
State militia forces operating between the Schuylkill and the 
Delaware rivers. He took command at once, succeeding Gen- 
eral Potter, and until the evacuation of Philadelphia by the British, 
the operations of his men more directly concerned the neighbor- 
hood of Gwynedd than any other forces. He refers in his 
reports, several times, to North Wales, where parties of his men 
were posted, and an encounter of some interest, to be referred to 
in a moment, occurred there. January 24 he reported that he 
had about three hundred " at the Spring-House and Plymouth 
Meeting, both included." Late in February a drove of cattle on 
the way to the camp at Valley Forge was taken by the British, 
within his lines, it is said " near Bartholomew's tavern," at Mont- 
gomery Square,' his force being, he reported, insufficient to afford 
a guard for the drove. In acknowledging his report of this cap- 
ture (dated Feb. 27) General Washington wrote from the Camp 
at Valley Forge, March 2 : 

I desire you to send a party of 150 men, under a good officer, well 
armed and completed with ammunition, to Bartholomew's Tavern, on 
Wednesday next [March 4] at 11 o'clock in the morning. The officer 
will meet a party there at that time from this camp, and will then receive 
his orders. As a very particular piece of service is to be executed, I beg 
that the party may be punctual to the time, and not fail upon any pretence 

The nature of this service does not appear from the official 
correspondence, later. 

' Gen. W. W. H. Davis's Life of Lacey. 


On the 23d of March a conference of officers was held at 
Spring-House to consider a scheme " to depopulate the whole 
country between the Delaware and Schuylkill for fifteen miles 
around the city, compelling the inhabitants by force to remove 
back beyond that distance." The subject is thus referred to in 
a letter from General Lacey to General Washington, dated 
March 29 : 

I had the pleasure to be with Gen. Mcintosh on the 23d inst., at the 
Spring-House tavern, in Philadelphia county ; where the General, several 
field officers, and myself were of the opinion that if the inhabitants who 
live near the enemy's Hnes, or between ours and them, on this side the 
Schuylkill, were to move back into the country, it would be of the utmost 
utility to the pubHc cause. Gen. Mcintosh was on his return to camp to 
lay the proposal before your Excellency, and send me word if approved 
of. Such a plan would not only stop all communication with the enemy, 
but would deprive them of every kind of supply from the country ; which 
the most indefatigable exertions of parties cannot prevent. 

Lacey adds that " in order to know the people's minds with 
respect to moving," he set afloat a report after leaving the con- 
ference at Spring-House, " that all the inhabitants within fifteen 
miles of Philadelphia were desired to move back into the country 
by the ist of April." It caused great excitement among the 
people, a meeting was held, and a committee waited on him to 
say that it would be impossible to comply with such an order. 
There were not, they said, teams and carriages enough in all that 
country to remove one-third of the people and their effects. 
General Washington wrote from Valley Forge March 3 1 , de- 
clining to approve the order. The measure he characterized as 
" rather desirable than practicable," and added : 

The difficulties attending the removal of so many inhabitants with 
their effects may be regarded as insurmountable ; and at the same time, the 
horror of depopulating a whole district, however little consideration the 
majority of the persons concerned may deserve from us, would forbid the 


On the 2 1st of April a court-martial was convened at North 
Wales to try a captain, of the Northampton county militia, who 
had permitted a prisoner to escape. He was found guilty of 
negligence of duty, and dismissed the service. 

On the 25th of April, the last day of the week, Lacey, who 
had been at North Wales, " to discharge the Northampton 
Militia," moved to the Billet (Hatboro'). He had had his quar- 
ters probably in the tavern which was kept in a building that 
now forms the central part of Walter H. Jenkins's store, on the 
turnpike above the meeting-house. His baggage-wagons he di- 
rected to follow him that day. What occurred is told in records 
that have come down to us. Captain John Montresor, an engi- 
neer officer in the British service, who was then with that army 
in Philadelphia, says in his journal : 

Sjtnday, 26th {April). Wind northerly, the air cool, weather very 
fine. The two troops of the 17th Dragoons returned and [having] sur- 
prised a Post of 50 men of the Rebels at North Wales meeting-house, 
killed 12, took 6 prisoners, the rest fled. Brought in 2 waggons loaded 
with camp equipage. 

General Lacey' s report to General Washington is in the fol- 
lowing despatch : 

Camp, Billet, April 27th, 1778. 

Sir : Inclosed is a return of the mihtia under my command. I hear 
that more are on their way to join me. I moved from North Wales 
(whither I had retired to discharge the Northampton Militia) last Saturday 
about twelve o'clock, on hearing a party of the enemy had filed off from 
the Germantown road, towards the York road. I proceeded as far as Edge 
hill, hoping to fall in with them ; but found on my arrival at that place, 
they had returned to the city. I encamped with my httle handful of men 
the following night at the Billet, where I still remain. I sent orders for the 
provisions and stores I had left at North Wales to be moved ; and for the 
baggage-wagons belonging to the militia to come to the Billet, the same 
night. Some of the waggoners belonging to a part of the Northampton 


people (whose times did not expire till last evening), following the common 
custom of disobedience among the militia, neglected moving until next 
morning, when they were met by a party of the enemy's horse, just after 
they had started, who took one waggon and eight horses ; also five or six 
prisoners, and wounded several more. Those fellows, the day before, 
when the Brigade left the camp, being either too lazy or cowardly to march 
with them, chose to stay with the baggage ; and being not fond of fatigue, 
had, for their own ease, carefully deposited their arms in the baggage 
waggons, and in this situation they were met by the enemy.' 

An affair at the Spring-House is described in the New Jersey 
Gazette, the patriot sheet published at Burlington, while the 
British held Philadelphia, — of the date of February i8, 1778, as 
follows : 

siderable body of British Light Infantry, accompanied by 
a party of hght horse, made an excursion into the country as 
high as a place called the Spring-House Tavern (Gwynedd 
Township, Philadelphia County), about sixteen miles from 
Philadelphia, where they made prisoners a Major Wright of the 
Pennsylvania Militia, and a number of persons in the Civil De- 
partment such as Magistrates, Assessors, Constables, etc., who 
were pointed out by the Tories inhabiting that neighborhood. 
The enemy went in three divisions, part of them through 
Germantown, where they broke many windows, seized all the 
leather, stockings, etc., and returned to Philadelphia on the 
evening of the same day, after having committed many other acts 
of licentiousness and cruelty on the persons of those they term 

This incursion was certainly one of the boldest and most 
serious which the royal troops attempted. The allusion to " the 
Tories inhabiting that neighborhood "must be taken with many 
grains of allowance : how strong the sympathy even of the non- 
fighting Friends was for the American cause, and how much they 

' [1896.] This incident is alluded to in the first edition of " Gwynedd " as a tradi- 
tion only. It was related to me by my grandfather, Charles F. Jenkins. I had not 
then observed Lacey's report of it, nor seen Montresor's Diary. 

The surprise of Lacey's men at the Billet occurred five days after that at Gwynedd, 
— on May i, 1778. 


dreaded the royal troops, is clearly disclosed in the pages of the 
Sally Wister Journal, in the preceding chapter. 

As some offset to these raids there is the tradition that John 
Fries, of Hatfield, afterwards the famous auctioneer who raised 
the " Rebellion" of 1798 against the window tax, " on one oc- 
casion, while the British held Philadelphia, headed a party of his 
neighbors, gave pursuit to the light-horse that were driving stolen 
cattle to the city, and rescued them about the Spring-House 

The Friends, as a body, took no part in the war, on either side. 
Their peace principles were fairly preserved. A few entered the 
revolutionary service, but none in Gwynedd, so far as there is evi- 
dence, took the king's side. Mordecai Roberts, Eldad's son, is 
said to have served in the Continental army and fought at Ger- 
mantown. The meeting records show that he was disciplined 
for "joining the military men in their exercises," and finally dis- 
owned, in June, 1777. In September, 1779, the minutes mention 

another case where " consented to the payment of a 

Fine in Lieu of Personal Military Service ; which in writing he 
acknowledged sorrow for, but afterwards appealed to have the 
like fine remitted, and also was present at a muster, from which 
it appears that his sorrow was not such as worketh true repent- 
ance," etc., etc. In December, 1779, Joseph Ambler, son of John, 
makes acknowledgment for paying a fine in lieu of personal 
military service, and taking the oath of allegiance.' 

Under the militia law of that time, all the men within the 
military age were enrolled by companies, and regarded as mem- 
bers of these, whether they mustered or not. If they did not 

1 These are, however, a very small part of the similar instances. My friend Charles 
Roberts, of Philadelphia, who has more carefully inspected the monthly meeting 
records of the period, says there were many disownments for taking part in the war, — 
as many as a dozen on one meeting day. 



attend muster, or respond when called into service, they in- 
curred a fine. In Gwynedd township there were two such com- 
panies, and in Montgomery one. The ofificer for the lower 
division of Gwynedd, was at first Captain Dull (Christian, the 
tavern keeper at Spring-House, no doubt), and subsequently 
Captain Troxel ; in the upper division. Captain Bloom ; and in 
Montgomery, Captain Hines. The companies belonged to "the 
Fourth Battalion of Philadelphia County Militia, commanded by 
Colonel William Dean." Printed accounts, showing the fines 
collected between 1777 and 1780 from those persons who did 
not muster or march when called on, are in existence, and one 
list of collections for Gwynedd is as follows : 

Captain Diill's Company, iti Gwynedd, Lower Divisioji. 




£ s. d. 



s. d. 

Christian Wolfinger, 

15 00 

Brought forward, 



Enoch Morgan, . 


Ezekiel Cleaver, jun 

. 37 


George Selsor, 

.20 00 

Daniel Morgan, . 



Conrad Gearhart, 

22 10 

William Stemple, 

• 37 


Joseph Leblon, . 

22 10 

David Roberts, . 



John Smyth, . 

22 10 

John Evans, . 



Geo. A. Snyder, . 

22 10 

Garret Clemens, . 



WilUam Moore, . 

15 00 

John Everhart, . 



Adam Fleck, . . 

22 10 

WilUam Roberts, 



John Getter, . 

22 10 

William Johnstone, 



Ezekiel Cleaver, . 

37 10 

Owen Evans, . 



Hugh Foulk, . . . 

37 10 

John Sidons, . 


Joshua Foulk, 

37 10 

Nicholas Rial, 



Levi Foulk, 

37 10 

Conrad Clime, 


Jesse Foulk, . 

37 10 

John Singer, . 



Griffith Edwards, 

37 10 

John Selsor, . 


Samuel Sidons, . 

22 10 

Jacob Preston, . . 

1 1 


David Morris, 

II 50 

Thomas Evans, . 
Total, .... 



Carried forward. 

463 15 





Captain Bloom's ( 


Upper Division of Gwynedd. 





s. d. 


£ s. d. 

Jacob Wisner, 


Brought forward. 

380 4 

Benjamin Harry, 


John Luken, . . 

37 10 

Rees Roberts, 


Daniel Hofifman, 

37 10 

Samuel Wheeler, 


Thomas Shoemaker 

37 10 

Melchoir Crible, . 


William Hoffman, 

37 10 

Caleb Foulk, . 



John Thomson, . 


Levi Jenkins, 



George Roberts, . 

37 10 

John Erwin, . 



Jacob Young, 

37 10 

Jacob Smith, . . 



Isaac Kulp, 


Job Luken, . . 



Joseph Long, . 

37 10 

John Dilcart, . . 


Jacob Albright, . 

22 10 

Jacob Wiont, 



Isaac Lewis, . 

.38 2 6 

Samuel Casner, . 



Amos Roberts, . 


William Springer, 



Joseph Lewis, 

37 10 

John Evans, . . 


David Harry, 


William Williams, 



George Maris, 

37 10 

Jacob Hisler, 



Rees Harry, . 

15 00 

Carried forward, 380 4 o Total, . . . 935 ly 6 

These fines, in the case of strict Friends, must have been ob- 
tained by seizure and sale of some of their property, as they 
could not, under their Discipline, pay them voluntarily. Another 
list of collections, later than that given above, shows much heavier 
fines, several running up to ^200, and Garret Clemens,' in the 
lower division, paying ^300. These were sums in Continental 
currency, however, and therefore not so ruinously large as they 

When the American army moved from Valley Forge to New 
Jersey, in June, 1778, the whole of it doubtless marched through 
Gwynedd, and at least a part of it encamped there over night, 

1 He was not a Friend, but a Mennonite, or a Dunker. 


June 19-20. We may repeat here the hnes from Miss Wister's 
journal, which fix these facts ; 

June 19. Dr. Gould came here to-night. Our army are about six 
miles off on their march to the Jerseys. 

June 20. Owen Foulke arrived just now. The army Ijegan their march 
at six this morning, by their house. Our worthy General Smallwood break- 
fasted at Uncle Caleb's. Our brave, our heroic General Washington was 
escorted by fifty of the Life-Guard with drawn swords. 

The march from Valley Forge was down the main roads, in- 
cluding the Perkiomen and Skippack, to the Swedes' Ford road, 
and then across on it by Doylestown to Wells's Ferry (New 
Hope), where the army crossed the river into New Jersey. That 
Washington himself encamped in Gwynedd on the night of the 
19th is quite likely : Owen Foulke's explanations to the family 
at Penllyn show that he rode by Caleb's house' next morning, 
and it is known that he reached Doylestown that night. 

I The old Meredith house, now J. Lukens's, repeatedly mentioned in this volume. 
See the illustration. 


Taxables in Gwynedd in ijj6. 

THE following is the assessor's list of taxables in Gwynedd 
in the year 1776. It shows the names of all who were 
holders of land, those who had horses and cows, and the number 
of such animals, and the names of those " single men " who were 
liable only to a poll-tax. The records show that John Jenkins 
was the assessor, and Henry Bergey the collector. 


Jesse Foulke, 
Thomas Evans, 
George Snider, 
Michael Hawke, 
Jephthah Lewis, 
Eneas Lewis, 
Isaac Lewis, 
Rees Harry, 
Humphrey Jones 
Geo. Gossinger, 
Melchior Crible, 
Philip Hood, . 
Isaac Kolb, . . 
Isaac Kolb, jr., . 
Philip Heist, . 
John Thomson, 
Thomas Shoemaker 
Margaret Johnson, 
Stephen Bloom, 




I 10 



Peter Buck, . 
George Shelmire, 
George Shelmire, 
William Ervin, . 
Alexander Major, 
Joshua Foulk, 
John Sparry, 
George Fleck, 
Ann Week, . 
George Week, . 
Samuel Castner, 
John Everhart, 
Nicholas Rile, 
Adam Fleck, 
John Davis, jun., 
David Davis, 
Robert Davis, 
Samuel Castner, 
Daniel Leblance, 


50 I 2 
96 I I 










Daniel Williams, 




William Roberts, 

100 2 

Amos Roberts . . . 




Ezekiel Cleaver, 

140 4 

John Davis, . . 




John Evans, 

250 3 

Enoch Morgan, 




Michael Cousler, 

40 2 

Nicholas Selser, 




Peter Young, 

50 I 

Morris Morris, . 




Jacob Smith, 

100 1 

Henry Rapp, 



Jacob Smith, Jr., 


George Miller, 

Jacob Wiant, 

130 3 

Jacob Albrough, 



Peter Hofifman, 


Samuel Gamble, 




Levi Foulke, 

100 3 

Martin Swink, 




Martin Raker, 

57 2 

Abram Donnenhauer, 




Wm. Johnson, . 

123 2 

Jacob Heistler, . 




Hugh Foulke, . 


Henry Snider, . 




Conrad Gerhart, 

120 2 

Peter Troxall, . . . 




John Siddons, 


John Troxall, 




Conrad Smith, 


Thomas Evans, jr.. 




William Moore, 


Baltzer Spitznagel, . 


Job Lukens, 

20 I 

William Williams, . 




Henry Bergey, . 

50 2 

George Maris, . 




Adam Smith, 


Conrad Dimond, . 




Matthias Booz, . 

Walter Howell, 




Wendle Fetter. 


Thomas Layman, . 


William Springer, . 


Michael Hofifman, . 



John Singer, 

50 I 

Jacob Sigfried 



PhiHp Hurst, . . 

80 2 

Barnaby Beaver, 


John Troxall, 

25 2 

Mathew Lukens, 

. 130 



Wm. Hoffman, . 


Martin Hoftman, 


Evan Davis, 


John Jenkins, 




Nicholas Shubert, . 


Sarah Griffith, . 




Christian Delacouit, 

Joseph Griffith, . .^ 




Michael Itzell, . . 


Benjamin Rosenboyer 




Jacob Brown, 

John Knipe, 




Jacob Walton, . 


William Dixey . 




Jacob Preston, . 

Garret Clemens, 




John Delacourt, . 

John Conrad, 




Benjamin Williams, 

Christian Dull, . . 




PhiUp Berkheimer. 

John Shelmire, . . 






Hugh Evans, 
John Jenkins, jr., 
John Kidney, 
John Evans, 
Robert Roberts, 
David Harry, jr., 
Reese Harry, 
Benj. Harry, 
Joseph Lewis, 
John Johnson, 
Enoch Morgan, 

Single Men. 

Joseph Long, 
John Williams, 
Evan Roberts, 
Eleazar Williams, 
Tillman Kolb, 
Griffith Edwards 
Jacob Booz, 
Wm. Smith, 
Reese Roberts, 
Robert Roberts, 
Henry Selser, 

John Selser, 
Christian Knipe, 
George Sparry, 
Wm. Oman, 
Samuel Singer, 
Conrad Booz, 
George Ganger, 
Joseph Yost, 
Benj. Gregory, 
Ab'm Donnenhauer. 

The list gives some miscellaneous information. It states 
that Jesse Foulke had a " grist and saw mill," Thomas Evans 
and George Snider had each " i servant," Amos Roberts had 
" 9 children," so likewise had Henry Snider; Thomas Evans, 
jun., " supports his mother," Barnaby Beaver had a " grist mill," 
and Matthew Lukens a " saw mill ; " William Dixey is marked 
"cripple," William Ervin "aged," Christian Dull, " tavern," and 
Alexander Major " 8 children." 

Besides those in the list who have already been particularly 
alluded to in the genealogical or other preceding chapters, 
some details may be conveniently added here concerning a few- 

Jephthah and Enos Lewis were brothers, the sons of William 
Lewis.' Their land was on the Wissahickon, between the pres- 
ent stations of Acorn and Lukens, on the Stony Creek railroad. 
(It forms, now, [1884] at least four farms : those of George S. 
Thomas, the heirs of Zebedee Comly, John Nicom, and Job 
Supplee.) Jephthah Lewis died in December, 1786. His wife's 
name was Ann, and he left a daughter Mary, and a son Joseph. 
The last named lived a bachelor, very saving and rather eccen- 
tric, and died in February, 1828, aged 83. He was a justice of 

'See details concerning him, p. 69. 


the peace for many years, well-known in his time, and after his 
death long remembered, as " 'Squire Josey " Lewis. His house 
was on the Thomas farm, south-west of the creek. Among his 
peculiarities was his great care of his timber land, as he was 
anxious lest he should not have enough fire-wood to last him his 
life -time. Much of his farm was cov^ered with woods, making a 
favorite resort for the " gunners " of the country about, though the 
'Squire was chary of his permission to come upon his premises, 
especially after finding that somebody had " holed " a 'possum, 
or perhaps a 'coon, and had cut down the tree to make sure of 
the prize.' After his death the woodland was laid off in lots by 
a survey made by Cadwallader Fouike, and the timber sold at 
public sale. The homestead farm, 108 acres, was bought by 
Joseph Williams, who sold it in 1856 to Edward Barber, and the 
portion east of the creek, 10 1 acres, was bought by Jacob 
Schwenk, who sold it in 1846 to Zebedee Comly. 

Enos Lewis (called Eneas, in the assessor's list) owned the 
land now [1884] Job Supplee's and John Nicom's. His house 
is presumed to have been Job Supplee's present house. His wife, 
married 1736, was Jane, daughter of Ellis Lewis, the elder, of 
Upper Dublin, and their children included a son Isaac, and a 
daughter Ellen. These two children inherited Enos's estate. 
Ellen having married Edward Roberts (son of Robert, of Gwy- 

1 The author's great uncle, Jesse Jenkins, an enthusiastic hunter and fisher, was 
one who enjoyed the shooting in 'Squire Josey's woods, and was rather a favorite in 
getting his permission for it. Mr. Mathews says that on the day of the 'Squire's funeral 
( Feb., 1828)., " a terrible storm of snow and wind prevailed, rendering the roads almost 
impassable. A few Friends and neighbors gathered early in the morning, and with great 
(lifticulty conveyed his body to its last resting-place at Gwynedd. When they returned, a 
much larger number had collected, and the funeral rites were celebrated in old-fashioned 
style." When his personal property was sold, " an immense number of articles and 
utensils were found about the premises, and the sale never had a parallel in the town- 
ship. Levi Jenkins, of Montgomery, was the auctioneer, and it required five days to 
dispose of the goods." His estate was valued at ^60,000, and over $1,000 in money was 
found secreted about the premises. His property went to collateral heirs. 


nedd), her son Enos got the present Nicom place,' by his 
grandfather's will ; and the homestead was received by Isaac. 
Jephthah died August 20, 1778. Isaac married Sarah Jenkins,^ 
daughter of John, the elder of that name (the one named above 
as assessor, 1776), but died a comparatively young man (his will 
dated December 30, 1792), leaving three children, Enos, Ann, 
and Mary. Of these, Enos married Margaret Dewees, of Trappe, 
(who survives, 1884, aged about 84), but left no issue; Ann 
married Joseph Reiff, of Upper Dublin, and left five children : 
Enos L., Jacob, Isaac, Sarah, and Mary ; and Mary married Israel 
Bringhurst, of Trappe, and had a large family." 

Rees Harry's land included the present (or recent) farms of 
Hunter E. Van Leer, Thomas Layman, and T. Peterson, on the 
Wissahickon, between Mumbower's mill and North Wales. Rees 
Harry, here named, was the son of the Rees Harry who is named 
in the freeholders' list of 1734. The latter was the son of David 

' This property Enos held to his death, July 23, 1820, when it passed to his chil- 
dren, Nathan, John, Edward, and Ann. Ann d. 1849 ; her brothers were quiet bachel- 
ors, but Nathan, late in life, married Barbara Root, and d. i860, leaving three children. 

2 Sarah, after her husband's death, kept store at Montgomery Square. Among 
the 'Squire John Roberts papers is her bill for sundry supplies furnished him, in 
1802-3 — candles, i s. 4>^ d. per ft) .; sugar, iij^ d.; coffee, i s. 105-2 d.; tea, i s. io}4 d. 
per quarter tb ; molasses, 2 s. 9^^ d. per half gallon ; brimstone, 8 d. per ft) ; whiskey 
(2 items in a pretty long bill), i s. loj^ d. per quart ; and a spelling book, a cyphering 
book, an " assistant " (arithmetic), and other articles. 

^ Mary Lewis, b. July 4, 1771, m. September 27, 1792, d. August 11, 1846. Their 
children were seven: (i) William M., d. 1857, unm.; (2) Enos L., physician, graduate 
Univ. of Penna., successful practitioner at Lawrenceville, Chester Co., d. 1863, unm.; 
(3) Wright A. Bringhurst, of Trappe, member Legislature of Penna., 1835-36, d. 
1876, unm., leaving estate of ^160,000, of which he left al)OUt $110,000 to Upper Provi- 
dence township and Norristown and Pottstown boroughs, to be invested in dwelling 
houses, and the rents used for the benefit of the poor ; (4) Israel, jr., b. 1804, acciden- 
tally killed, 1816 ; (5) Anne, m. Wm. B. Hahn, M. D., d. 1880, without issue; (6) 
Lewis B., M. D., graduate Univ. of Penna., d. unm., 1832, at Louisville, Ky., while on 
a Southern tour; (7) Mary Matilda, m. Francis Hobson, of Limerick, and had issue 
Frank M., Sarah A. ( F. M. Hobson m. Lizzie Gotwalts, and had issue : Mary M.. and 
Freeland G. Hobson, Esq., of the Montgomery Co. bar). 


Harry, of Plymouth, and married, 1727, Mary Price, of Haver- 
ford. He (Rees, the elder) died about 1739 ! ^^^ son Rees died 
1788. In the latter's will six children are mentioned : Benjamin, 
John, David, Jane, Ann, Lydia. Benjamin Harry d. about 18 10. 
unmarried, leaving a large estate, in which his sister Ann had a 
life right. After her death, in 1822, 228 acres of it were sold to 
Samuel Maulsby, who in 1833 sold to Thomas Smith. (This in- 
cluded the present Van Leer farm,' and the Frank Johnson farm, 
and was in part the same as Rees Harry's land of 1776.) 

Isaac Kolb (now Kulp) was from Germany, and acquired (be- 
tween 1759 and 1 769) the land now or recently, Julius Schlemme's 
and Simon Kulp's farms, east of North Wales. He was, it is 
believed, a Mennonite. His son Isaac, jr., born December, 
1750, married, 1778, Rachel Johnson, and died 1828. He had 
seven children : Benjamin, Elizabeth, Catharine, Mary, Jacob, 
Sophia, and John. Benjamin, born August 20, 1779, died May 
16, 1862, married Ellen Hoxworth, daughter of Edward and 
Mary, of Hatfield, and had eight children, including Isaac, Enos, 
Simon, and Oliver, and Ann, who married Asa Thomas. 

Philip Heist's land lay on the hill, below North Wales, and 
included the farms of J. S. Zebley and Henry Ray. Heist died 
between 1776, in which year he made his will, and 1780, when 
his executors conveyed half an acre of land to trustees for the 
erection of St. Peter's church. 

Thomas Shoemaker was the son of George, of Warrington, 
Bucks county, and married Mary Ambler, daughter of Joseph, 
of Montgomery. He owned the farm north-east of North 
Wales, which remained many years in his family, and is now 
[1884] or recently was, the property of McKee. 

Wendel Fetter was a German, and bought, in 1773, the fif- 

' Now the property of William M. Singerly. 


teen acre lot back of North Wales (adjoining Thomas Shoe- 
maker), which Robert Roberts had left by his will, in 1760, to 
his daughter Ellen.' The lot belonged from 1827 to 1852 to 
Christian Godfrey Speelman, a devout German Methodist, who 
sometimes held meetings in his own house, afterward to Abel 
Stockdale, and later to Frank Jones. 

Amos Roberts's farm included the Silas White and adjoining 
properties (the old home of Robert Evans, the first settler, was 
upon it). 

Martin Swink's land was on the turnpike, below North Wales, 
including the present farm [ 1 896] of James D. Cardell (the 
home of Thomas Evans, the first settler). Swink sold it to 
George Heist, in 1784. 

Abram Danenhower's land was the George W. Danenhower 
place near Kneedler's now [1884] occupied by Frank Myers, — 
the home of William John, the first settler.^ 

Jacob Heisler owned the farm on the Allentown road, after- 
ward the Kneedlers', including the hotel. 

The Troxells owned the property at Mumbower's mill. John 
Troxell sold it in 1777 to Samuel Wheeler, of Philadelphia, a 
cutler, who is said to have made swords, etc., during the 

Barnaby Beaver, who had the grist mill, owned property east 
of North Wales, and his mill was that which still exists there 
[1884] on the Wissahickon. 

John Jenkins's land in Gwynedd was at Lansdale, and below 
the township line. 

Garret Clemens lived in the east corner of the township. The 
old abandoned stone house on the Welsh road (township line) 

' See page 204. 
' Sec page 67. 


was his place of residence.' He was a religious man, a Dunker 
probably, and was heavily fined, as the preceding chapter shows, 
for not bearing arms. His wife was Keturah ; their daughter 
Mary married Charles Hubbs, one of the sons of John Hubbs 
and Jane Evans." 

Christian Dull, described as having a '' tavern," began to keep 
the hotel at Spring-House, in 1773, and continued there for many 
years. He was reputed a hard, and perhaps a grasping man ; 
traditions were long maintained of some of his close dealings.'' 
Even more severe things were said about him, as appears by some 
advertisements in the Philadelphia newspapers. Here is one from 
the Philadelphia Gazette of P"ebruary 17, 1783 : 

' [This, written in 1884, now needs some correction. The old house has since 
been torn down, and the stone in it used for other buildings.] 

2 See Evans Genealogy, p. 161. Charles Hubbs was some time a resident at 
Germantown ; he studied medicine (in a power of attorney to Amos Lewis, about 
1806, he calls himself "apothecary"), afterward lived in Worcester township, re- 
moved to Pipe Creek, in Western Maryland (where he was in 1807), and later to Mt. 
Pleasant, Ohio. He has numerous descendants in the West. He joined the Dunkers, 
and became a preacher ; and was a man of marked character. His son, John Evans 
Hubbs, m. Louisa Stitcher, and had one daughter, Virginia, now of Philadelphia. 
After his death Louisa m. Samuel Gillingham, of Philadelphia. 

■' One story, whose date, I think must have been toward the close of Dulls life, was 
to this effect : He had for an occasional customer at his bar, the village blacksmith, and 
the latter had indiscreetly allowed some of his drams to be " chalked down." In time, 
the landlord produced a bill, with such length of items that the smith was astonished. 
It read: " To one glass of whiskey. To ditto. To ditto. To ditto. To ditto. ' on 
down the sheet, and the total was of alarming figures. The blacksmith protested, es- 
pecially complaining of the " ditto," alleging that he had had but a few drinks, but in 
vain ; Dull was inexorable, and the bill had to stand. The blacksmith, however, waited 
his chance to get even, and in time found it. The hostler's bucket had to be re-hooped, 
and as the work was left to be charged against Dull, the bill was delayed for some time, 
and thus brought in: " To hooping the hostler's bucket. To ditto. To ditto. To 
ditto," and so on, at much length, equaling the account for drinks. The landlord now 
objected, but the smith was inexorable in his turn, and as the story goes, got his ac- 
count allowed as an offset to the other. 


North Walf.s, February ii, 1783. 

a report very injurious and hurtful to my character, I 
hereby challenge such to appear in an open, bold manner, 
,-md meet me on the ground of Justice, and dare them to im- 
peach me with any act unbecoming a gentleman and an honest 
man, which character I have ever held dear ; and I further offer 
a reward of ONE HUNDRED GUINEAS to any person or per- 
sons who will prove the author of a report that I was privy to 
robbing a Collector — a circumstance I totally deny, either with 
respect to collectors, or any person or persons ; and now charge 
the author, or authors, of such scandalous reports to be lymg 
calumniators, and am determined to prosecute any person who 
may in future endeavor to circulate such report to my disad- 

Six years later Christian was still under the necessity of 
advertising rewards for the discovery of his defamers. The 
Gazette of April i, 1789, contains the following : 

Montgomery CouKty, March 28, 1789. 

a false and wicked report has been contrived, and lor 
some weeks past'spread through the City of Philadelphia |and 
several of the Counties, charging the subscriber and his wife, 
who keep the Spring-House Tavern, in Montgomery County, 
with the MURDER, etc., of one or more travellers, in order 
to get their property, conceiving it to be my duty, which I 
owe to the community of which I am a member, to my rela- 
tions, and friends, and neighbors, and particularly to a tender 
wife and seven children (several of them young and helpless), 
whose welfare or misery in life greatly depend upon the char- 
acter which I have, and shall leave after mc, to endeavor to 
brmg to light such dark and horrible Assassins of Character, 
1 do hereby offer a reward of ONE HUNDRED GUINEAS to 
any person who shall discover to me any legal evidence of the 
contriver of said charge, or of the author or authors, of the 
report, and of ONE HALF JOHANNES for any certain in- 
formation whereby such discovery may be made. 


Dull lived on into the present century (his death occurred 
about I 821), and Esquire John Roberts was one of the executors 


of his estate. He left a son, Christian Dull, jr., who was a 
person of education, at least, and was some time a school teacher. 
From papers left by 'Squire John, however, it appears that he 
(the son) was in debt, and harassed by his creditors. A letter 
from him, in 1822, is written from the jail at Norristown, where 
he was confined for debt. It shows good penmanship, and is 
clearly expressed, as will appear : 

July 28th, 1822. 

Friend Roberts : — I was advised to serve my creditor with a bread 
notice, but he has not come forward to pay my weekly allowance. I shall 
be removed next Thursday before Judge McNeill for a clearance, which 
will cost $1 to the Gaoler, one dollar for serving the notices, 35 cents turnkey 
fees, and $2 for my board two weeks at 14 cents per day, making the amount 
of $4.35, which I hope you will send me, or else I must let him (the Gaoler) 
have my coat, which is worth $10. I cannot get away without, and the 
longer I stay the more e.xpense on me. Altho' you say it is the most proper 
place for me to be at, [yet] if I leave my coat, which is a good one, I will 
have to have a new one this winter. I will not be allowed more than $4.35 
for the coat. I have sent a receipt, which I hope will answer ; you have 
not any money of mine in your hands, but will have, and then can pay 
yourself. I should suppose there was no risk on your part. I am your 
friend as usual, C. DULL. 

P. S. If I do not get money at this time from you I will have to 
have new bread notices served and [words illegible] and a dollar a week 
board. I have no one to assist me unless you do.' 

Martin Raker, who is named as having fifty-seven acres, lived 
near where Lansdale now is, and his property is now in the 
possession of Charles S. Jenkins. He was a Lutheran, and one 
of the four first trustees of St. Peter's church, below North 

' As a specimen of the experience of the occupant of a debtor's prison, so late 
as 1822, this letter seems worth printing in full, aside from any personal interest 
it may have. Dull was no doubt enlarged at this time ; there are other papers 
relating to him in the John Roberts collection, of dates 1821 and 1823. 


George Snyder (properly George Adam Snyder) was a Ger- 
man, who owned the Isaac Ellis farm (now James Gillen's), on 
the Upper Dublin line, with other propert^^ He got it in 1762, 
of Francis Titus, and died 1792, leaving three sons: Adam, 
Jacob, and John. 

John Everhart owned the farm now Charles Lower's (for- 
merly John Devereux's), in the lower end of the township. He 
bought in 1762, of George Klippinger, of Upper Dubhn (he hav- 
ing bought of Rowland Hugh, son of John, the first settler), and 
sold it in 1793 to David Lukens. 


The Booiies, Lincolns, and Hanks} 

THE Boones, Lincolns, and Hanks all appear on the Gwyn- 
edd meeting records, though none of either name proba- 
bly resided in the township in early times. George Boone, the 
elder, the first of his family known to us, was from Bradwinch, 
near Exeter, in Devonshire, and seems to have come over in 
17 17. At any rate, the Gwynedd meeting records show this 
minute, dated 31st of loth month (December), in that year : 

George Boone, senior, produced a certificate of his Good Life and 
Conversation from the Monthly [Meeting] att Callumpton, in Great Brit- 
ain, \vh was read & well rec'd. 

This Geoi-ge, the elder, died in Berks county (the Oley or 
Exeter Friends' settlement), February 2, 1740, aged 78 years. 
He left, it is said, "eight children, fifty -two grandchildren, ten 
great-grandchildren, — in all seventy, the number that Jacob took 
down to Egypt." His wife was Mary, who was born in the 
same place as her husband, and died aged 72. They were both 
buried in the Friends' ground at Oley. 

In 1 72 1, John Rumford, who had been a member with 
Friends, at Haverford, and George Boone, who had been a mem- 
ber at Abington, being now settled at Oley, applied at the same 
time to Gwynedd meeting, for membership. This George was 
the son of the other ; he had been several years at Abington 

1 [1896] I reprint this chapter without important alteration from the first edition. 
Though the Lincoln family has received much attention since 1884 the additional facts 
discovered do not materially modify my original statements. 


(and I think, therefore, came over before his father), where he 
was clerk of the monthly meeting, and a prominent and useful 
man. He had married, in 171 3, Deborah Howell (b. 8th mo. 
28, 1691, d. 1st mo. 26, 1759, at Oley), daughter of William and 
Mary. Deborah was a preacher, and Exeter (Oley) monthly 
meeting left a memorial of her. She and George had ten chil- 
dren : George, Mary, Hannah, Deborah, Dinah, William, Josiah, 
Jeremiah, Abigail, and Hezekiah, their births ranging from 17 14 
to 1734. (The first five are recorded at Gwynedd, before the 
establishment of the Oley monthly meeting.) William married 
Sarah Lincoln, 1748. 

Besides this son George, the elder George Boone had, as 
stated above, seven other children : including Squire, who m. 
Sarah Morgan, Mary, who m. John Webb, James, who m. Mary 
Foulke,^ Joseph, Benjamin, and two others. Squire and Sarah 
Boone had nine children (perhaps more), recorded at Oley from 
1724 to 1740. Of these Daniel, the Kentucky pioneer, was the 
fourth son and sixth child, and the meeting records give his 
birth, 8th mo. (October) 22, 1734. I have no doubt that Squire 
Boone was in Berks county with the other members of his 
family, in 1720, or thereabout ; and as he bought 250 acres of 
land in what is now Exeter township, in 1730, it is beyond reason- 
able question that his son Daniel was born there in 1734. The 
various speculations as to the place of his birth, by which it is 
assigned to Bristol, Bucks county, and other places, seem to 
have no good foundation. 

Squire Boone was one of the trustees of the property of 
Oley meeting, in 1736, showing both his substantial character 
and Quaker affiliations, at that date. But he is said to have 

1 For the first two of these marriages, both at Gwynedd meeting, see list, p. 114. 
For the last see Foulke Genealogy, p. 213. 


been disowned in 1748 for countenancing the "disorderly" 
marriage of his son Israel, the previous year. A little later it 
was' that he removed with his family to North Carolina, settling 
at Holomant ford, on the river Yadkin. From there, after 
he grew to manhood, Daniel Boone went over into Kentucky, and 
entered upon his famous career as the explorer and pioneer 
settler of that State.* 

The Lincolns were an Oley family, some of them Friends. 
They intermarried repeatedly with the Boones, and were con- 
nected also with the Foulkes. But they had only a slight, if 
any, connection with Gwynedd, as the monthly meeting at Oley 
was established soon after Mordecai Lincoln, the first of the 
name in that neighborhood, arrived there. He, it is said, was 

1 James Boone's family Bible says : " They left Exeter on the ist day of May, 

2 Among the papers of my grandfather, Chas. F. Jenkins, I find this letter : 

Washington Town, Mason County, Ken. 

Respected Friend : — I expect thee art ready to conclude that I have forgot 
thee being so far off, but thee may rest ashured that I have not. I often think of 
the many agreeable hours we have spent in conversation and sociability, which dis- 
tance now deprives us of. But no more Introduction — I proceed to give thee a little 
sketch of the times. After my being disappointed in getting my land from Col. 
Boon, as probably thee may have heard before now, which lay'd me under the 
necessity of following my trade. Since I came to this place and after three months 
paying for my board and washing, I made an acquaintance with a young woman 
which after a while I married, and now I live in as much harmony with her I 
flatter myself as ever man and wife did and find the matrimonial life far more 
agreeable than I ever Expected to. I have told thee what I have done, I will 
inform thee what I am doing. I have taken a five acre Lot to put corn in to the 
shares, my share will be two-thirds of the crop, which if the season proves favor- 
able I expect an Hundred and Seventy Bushels of Corn. Here is great encourage- 
ment for farmers, much more than for mechanicks. I must stop wrighting for I 
have no more room and paper is scarce in this town. 

May loth, 1790. ABSALOM THOMAS. 

A memorandum on the letter says A. T. was the first cousin of Margaret 
Foulke (dau. of Theophilus, afterward wife of Cadwallader, the surveyor), to 
whom the letter was addressed. " He was one of the pioneers of Kentucky, and 
left Richland to seek his future under the celebrated Col. Daniel Boone." 


born in Massachusetts, removed to New Jersey, bought lands 
there in 1720, and again removed, before 1735, to the Oley 
settlement. (His home was in Amity township.) He was 
probably twice married. He died between February 23, 1735, 
and June 7, 1736 (these being the dates of making and proving 
his will), leaving lands in New Jersey to his son John, and to 
his daughters Hannah, Mary, Ann, and Sarah ; and the home- 
stead lands in Amity to his sons Mordecai and Thomas. He 
also made provision for an expected child, and this, without 
doubt, was Abraham Lincoln (who d. 1806, aged 70), who 
married Ann Boone.' John, the eldest son, — a half brother 
only of Abraham, who was by the second wife, — was the direct 
ancestor of Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States. 
He, John, sold his Jersey land in 1748, and about 1750 removed 
southward, going ultimately to Rockingham county, Virginia, 
where he settled. His son Abraham went over into Kentucky 
in 1782, but was killed there two years later, by the Indians. 
He and Daniel Boone were no doubt well acquainted. Daniel 
at least twice (October, 1781, and February, 1788) returned to 
visit his relations in Berks county, and he would naturally 
enough have passed through Virginia, and tarried with his 
neighbors and kinsfolk, the Lincolns of Rockingham county. 

Abraham Lincoln, who was killed in 1784, in an Indian fight 
(in which his son Mordecai, a boy of 14, killed one of the 
Indians), had three sons : Mordecai, Josiah, and Thomas. The 
President was the son of the last named. 

It will be observed that the removal of Squire Boone and 
his family to North Carolina, and of the Lincolns to Virginia, 
was at about the same period — 1750. There was, at that time, 
an extensive emigration to the Southern States from the settle- 

1 Ann was the daughter of Mary Foulke ; see page 139. 


ments in E^astern Pennsylvania. It was a very interesting move- 
ment, and the history of it would be well worth following in 
detail. With it, besides the Boones and Lincolns, went another 
family, the Hanks, and these were more closely connected with 
Gwynedd than either of the others.' The precise name of the 
head of the Hank family who thus removed, is uncertain, but 
Mr. David J. Lincoln, of Birdsboro', Berks county, in a letter to 
me, September, 1883, thinks it was John, and says : " He lived 
on the Perkiomen turnpike, six miles east of Reading, in Exeter 
township, and within half a mile of Mordecai Lincoln, great- 
great-grandfather of the President. This John Hank, with John 
and Benjamin Lincoln, moved to Fayette county, and from 
there Mr. Hank went southward." 

As to a removal, first, to Fayette county, I do not know ; but, 
as has already been noted (p. 208), John Hank was in Rocking- 
ham county, Va., at least as early as 1787, when his daughter 
Hannah married Asa Lupton. That this John was the one 
'described by Mr. Lincoln is probable, or he may have been a 
son of the Berks county man, for the latter was in all probability 
the same John Hank who was born 17 12, the son of the White- 
marsh yeoman and Sarah Evans, of Gwynedd.^ 

Thomas Lincoln of Kentucky married, for his first wife, 
Nancy Hank. The tradition was that her family were from 
Virginia. She was a tall woman, above middle height, with 
black hair, little educated, but of marked character, and a mind 
naturally intelligent and vigorous. Her experience in the rude 
frontier life was hard. The glimpses we get of her in the biog- 

' John Hanke, of Whitemarsh, m. Sarah Evans, of Gwynedd, dau. of Cad- 
wallader, the immigrant. See pp. 111-154. (She, after his death, m. Thomas 
Williams; see p. 118.) It was the daughter of John and Sarah, Jane Hank, who 
was the wife of John Roberts, of Whitpain, and the mother of 'Squire Job Roberts. 

2 See page 154. 


raphies of her great son are sombre, and probably to her the 
President owed that underlying element of sad thoughtfulness in 
his nature, always so apparent, and so in contrast with the hum- 
orous surface traits that perhaps came from his father. Nancy 
Hank, I have little doubt, was a descendant of that John who 
was in Rockingham county, Virginia, in 1787. Her family 
name was English, but her black hair we may believe she 
had from the Welsh blood of her ancestress Sarah Evans, of 


Sf. Peter s Church. 

NO other settled place of worship than the Friends' meeting 
existed in Gwynedd until the Revolution. Those who 
were Baptists had their membership at Montgomery ; any Epis- 
copalians there might have been went to St. Thomas's, at White- 
marsh ; and the Schwenkfelders had their meeting in Towamen- 
cin. But the body of the German residents of the township, by 
the time of the Revolution, were of the Palatinate immigration 
from the upper Rhine, and were either Lutherans or German 
Reformed. They had within their reach the churches in Whit- 
pain and Worcester. The German Reformed members went to 
Boehm's Church, which was founded at least as early as 1740, or 
to Wentz's Church, in Worcester ; while the Lutheran Church 
of St. John's, in Whitpain, above Centre Square, dates back of 
1770. In all of these the Gwynedd people were interested : 
Michael Henkey (Haenge ?), George Gossinger, Adam Fleck, and 
Peter Young, of Gwynedd, were of the building committee of 
St. John's, in 1773, and Abram Danehower was one of the trus- 
tees to whom the committee conveyed the property. 

About 1772, however, a movement had begun to build a 
church in Gwynedd, for the joint use of the Lutheran and Ger- 
man Reformed members. In that year, Philip Heist bought of 
Abraham Lukens, sen., 51 acres of land, on the northeast- 
erly side of the turnpike, below North Wales, where the old 
burying-ground now is. Half an acre of his land he gave for 
the site of a church, and although he omitted, for some reason. 


to make a deed, a building was erected on it before 1780. In 
that year his executors made a deed, dated June loth, for the 
ground, reciting that " the same is intended, and is hereby 
granted to remain for religious purposes : that is to say, for a 
church of worship already erected thereon for the use of the 
High Dutch Lutheran and the High Dutch Reformed, or Pres- 
byterian congregations," etc. It is said that this first building 
was a small frame edifice. It stood, no doubt, on the same spot 
where subsequently the large stone church of 18 17 (torn down 
a few years ago, when both congregations had secured new 
buildings at North Wales), was erected. 

To provide even the small house of frame doubtless taxed 
the resources of both congregations. It is the tradition that the 
first preachers held services in the open air, on the hillside where 
Heist's farm lay. This, however, could have been but tempo- 
rary, for the reasons already stated, that Boehm's and Wentz's, 
at no great distance, supplied sanctuaries for the Reformed, and 
St. John's for the Lutherans. 

The records of both congregations at St. Peter's are very 
limited. No early minute books are now discoverable, and it is 
even impracticable to give the names of the pastors of the Re- 
formed congregation. For a list of the Lutheran pastors, notes 
concerning them, and other data, I am indebted to Rev. George 
Diehl Foust, who is now, 1884,' in charge. The first pastor of 
whom we have knowledge (there must have been others earlier) 
was Rev. Anthony Hecht. He officiated from 1787 until 1792. 
In a record of the holy communion, administered July 13, 1788, 
that day is called "the day of consecration," which suggests that 
for some reason the church must have been used some time 
before it was consecrated. In a marriage record, made October 

' [1896] Mr. Foust is since deceased. 


15, 1788, the church is spoken of as the " North Wales Congre- 

The next pastor was Rev. Jacob Van Buskirk, who began 
about 1793. He was born at Hackensack, N. J., February 11, 
1739. It is said that he came to his death suddenly, August 5, 
1800. He was about to start for his church, and was in the 
act of mounting his horse, when the Master whom he served 
called him. He lies buried near where stood the altar of the 
church in which he officiated.* 

Next was Rev. Henry Geisenhainer. The length of his 
pastorate cannot be determined ; but there is a record showing 
that while here he was married to Ann Maria Sherer by Rev. 
F. W. Geisenhainer, pastor of New Goshenhoppen church. 

Next in the list is Rev. S. P. F. Kramer, and following him 
is Rev. "Whalebone," which must be Rev. C. F. Wildbahn,, 
D. D., who is buried at Centre Square. After him was Rev. 
J. H. Rebenach, from 1805 to 181 1. (During his pastorate 
occurred the murder of Henry Weaver,^ at whose burial he offi- 
ciated, and of which he made a brief record.) 

Next appear the names of Revs. David and Solomon Schaef- 
fer. They lived at Germantown, and must have held service 
here, though it could have been only temporarily. 

The next pastor was Rev. John K. Weiand, from 1812 to 
1826. He was the last pastor to officiate in the old frame struc- 

1 Mr. Van Buskirk owned the farm at Gwynedd station, recently the estate of 
Rodolphus Kent now [1896] the property in part of Charles Roth. At his death, he 
left a wife and ten children. His widow subsequently married Philip Hahn. 

2 This was a famous event in the local annals. As he passed along the road, 
H. W. was shot by some person concealed behind a corn shock in a field beside 
it. The time was the dusk of evening, October 5, 1805, the place on the State 
road, just at the turn near the Gwynedd-Montgomery line. The victim was the 
son of George Weaver, the Montgomery Square hotel-keeper. A man who was 
believed to have done the deed lived near by and soon after killed himself. Both 
Henry Weaver and he were buried in the old St. Peter's churchyard. 


ture. During his time the need of a new church was felt, for 
the winds and storms of nearly forty years had seriously affected 
the frail temple of worship. Rev. Mr. Foust has [1884] the 
original subscription book for the building of the second church. 
It is a large volume of sixty pages, and is kept very systemati- 
cally. The first page, after expressing the object of the subscrip- 
tion states that the managers will build the new church " as soon 
as ;^3,oooare subscribed." It is dated November 8, 181 5. The 
collectors were George Neavil, who collected $1,967 ; Jacob 
Kneedler, who collected ;^745.5o; Conrad Shimmel, who col- 
lected ;^298.50; Joseph Knipe, and Philip Lewis. Among the 
subscribers were Jacob Schwenk, Philip Hurst, Joseph Knipe, 
Johri Martin, Adam Fleck, Abraham Dannehower, Jacob, George, 
Joseph, Adam, Samuel, and Daniel Kneedler, Christian Rex, 
•Henry Hallman, and many others. When they began to build 
is not recorded, but on the last page of the subscription book is 
the following receipt: " Rec'd, May 27th, 18 17, of the church 
wardens the sum of seventy-three dollars, being collected on the 
day the corner stone was laid. John Hurst." Nor is it known 
when the work was finished. The church was built of stone, 
much larger than the first one. It was plastered over, and it is 
said, was painted yellow ; hence it was soon called the " Yellow 
Church," and in later day, " the Old Yellow Church." The inte- 
rior was high, and had a high "goblet" pulpit, of old-fashioned 
style, in which the preacher perched himself far above the heads 
of his hearers. It also had galleries on three sides of the 

The next pastor was Rev. George Heilig. He began October 
22, 1826, and continued until 1843, the longest pastorate in the 
history of the church. During his time an organ was introduced 
into the church service ; Samuel Kneedler was organist, and 


Abraham Dannehower was leader of the choir. Hitherto the 
service had been all in the German language, but the necessity 
of English service was now recognized, and the pastor introduced 
it. For a time he officiated alternately in each language. Dur- 
ing this pastorate the Sunday-school was organized, of which 
some notes are given below. Mr. Heilig went from here to 
Hamilton, Monroe County, Pa., and died at Catasauqua, in Sep- 
tember, 1869. 

The next pastor was Rev. Jacob Medtart, from 1843 to 1855. 
He was unable to preach in German, and during his time the 
sermon in that language was discontinued. The service has 
been entirely in the English language since that time. Follow- 
ing Mr. Medtart was Rev. John W. Hassler, who had charge 
from 1856 to 1862, when he resigned to become chaplain in the 
army. (He was, in 1884, pastor at New Holland, Pa.) From 1863 
to 1867, during the trying times of the war, when political feel- 
ing ran high. Rev. P. M. Rightmyer officiated. (He now, 1884, 
lives in Brooklyn, N. Y.) In 1868, Rev. Ezra L. Reed, now 
[1884] at Lancaster, Pa., succeeded. Mr. Reed was the last 
preacher in the second church. Half a century had passed since 
it had been built, and it needed repairs. The Reformed congre- 
gation had decided to leave it, and to build a church of their own 
in the town of North Wales, near by. The Lutheran congrega- 
tion, after due discussion, resolved upon the same course. March 
I, 1867, subscription books were opened, and a site having been 
obtained in the borough, the corner stone of the present church 
was laid June 6, 1868. The work of erection was completed the 
following year, and on January i, 1870, the service of dedica- 
tion was performed, Rev. J. W. Hassler preaching from Psalms 
cxxvi., 4. 

From the beginning, up to this time, St. Peter's Lutheran 
congregation had been connected with St. John's, at Centre 


Square, one pastor serving both, but in 1870 this arrangement 
was dissolved, and each church has now its own pastor. Since 
1870, [down to 1884] the pastors at St. Peter's have been : Rev, 
Lewis G. M. Miller, 1874-75 ; Rev. Wm. H. Myers, 1876-78; 
Rev. Theophilus Heilig, 1878-80; and Rev. George Diehl 
Foust, who entered upon his pastorate July i, 1880. 

The records, as already mentioned, are imperfect. They 
show, however, lists of nearly 1,000 infant baptisms, over 100 
adult baptisms, and nearly 600 confirmations. The Sunday- 
school was organized early in the pastorate of Rev. Geo. Heilig, 
— probably about 183 1 or '32. The first superintendent was 
Noah Snyder ; after him his brother Oliver Snyder. A record 
book that has been preserved shows the existence of a library 
for the use of the school, in 1837, ^^id also shows that in July 
of that year there were 10 teachers and 60 scholars in attend- 
ance. In June, 1 840, John B. Johnson became a member of the 
church, and shortly after was made superintendent of the Sunday- 
school. He served in that capacity nearly thirty years, Charles 
Hallman being his assistant during the last six years. The 
sessions were held in the afternoon. The first open-air celebra- 
tion ever held in this neighborhood was given by the Sunday- 
schools of St. Peter's and St. John's. It took place in a woods 
which then stood above where the Franklinville school-house 
now stands, in July, 1841. Many people attended, and there 
were speeches and singing. The celebrations occurred fre- 
quently after that. For eight years preceding the preparation 
of these pages [1884] Abel K. Shearer has been superintendent 
of the school, and its present membership is about i 50. 

Only a few details can be furnished concerning the Reformed 
congregation that used the two old churches jointly with the 
Lutherans. As has been stated, the arrangement subsisted from 


the beginning until the new churches were built, about 1869-70, 
in North Wales borough, and during the hundred years it 
appears to have been satisfactory to both congregations. Each 
occupied the church in turn, and neither disturbed the other. 

One of the pastors of the Reformed congregation was Rev. 
John George Wack, who is still well remembered by the older 
people. He was a picturesque figure, a man of marked char- 
acter and a practical Christian. For many years he was pastor 
of Boehm's and Wentz's churches, and from 1834 to 1845 he 
preached regularly at St. Peter's. He had a farm and mill in 
Whitpain, and labored diligently with his own hands for the 
support of his family, besides preaching for at least three differ- 
ent congregations during most of his life. He was a classical 
scholar, wrote easily in Latin, was familiar, of course, with Ger- 
man, as well as English, was very found of music, and built an 
organ with his own hands. " In personal appearance he was of 
medium size, and erect ; in habits orderly, frugal, and laborious. 
His character for childlike simplicity and unsuspecting confi- 
dence was remarkable." In 1802 he took charge of both 
Wentz's and Boehm's ; in 1806 he extended his care also to the 
distant church at Hilltown, Bucks county. These charges he 
retained until 1828, when he surrendered Hilltown; in 1834 he 
gave up Boehm's, and began to minister at St. Peter's, as already 
mentioned ; in 1845, after forty -three years' ministry at Wentz's, 
he closed his active service, though he preached occasionally to 
the Gwynedd congregation, later.' 

1 This incident, related to me on the best authority, concerns good Parson Wack, 
and another most excellent and courageous man, — Dr. Antrim Foulke. Late in the 
summer — about August and September — of 1829, a bad fever prevailed through Gwyn- 
edd and adjoining townships. It was perhaps typhoid, was very fatal, worst along the 
streams, marked by ague, etc. Near Wack's mill was a family, " very bad off," and 
all down with it. The dread of fever was great, and nurses could not be had. Mr. 
Wack, however, helped them devotedly, and Dr. Foulke gave them his constant medi- 


Mr. Wack was the son of Rev. Casper and Barbara Wack, 
of Bucks county. He died in 1856, aged eighty, and is buried 
at Boehm's. During his long pastorate he is said to have mar- 
ried seven hundred and twenty-four couples, preached five thou- 
sand times, baptised a thousand infants, and confirmed an equal 
number of catechumens. His son, Rev. Charles P. Wack, is a 
distinguished minister of the Reformed church ; his daughter 
Abigail married Philip S. Gerhard ; his daughter Amanda mar- 
ried Rev. Alfred B. Shenkle. 

cal care. One day the two men stood beside the bed of a girl, one of the family, who 
was desperately ill. She had no nur^p, and needed instant attention, if her life was 
to be saved. " Well, George," said Dr. Foulke, " if thee will help me, we will move 
her, and change her bed clothing, and her own clothing. It is simply a question of 
life or death." Father Wack did not hesitate ; he was too simple and brave a Christian 
for that ; the two men, alone, performed the unpleasant duty, and the sick girl, thus 
helped, afterward recovered. But Dr. Foulke went home with "the fever on him," 
and said at once that he was marked for sickness. He lay for six weeks, much of the 
time critically ill. His arm began to mortify, but before it had progressed, he noted the 
symptom himself, and saw that his case was at a desperate turn. Sending Tom Wolf, 
his faithful black man, to the woods for sassafras roots, he had them made into an enor- 
mous poultice, and instantly applied. The flesh of the arm sloughed off, but, thanks 
to a very strong constitution and the care of his wife, — a skillful nurse, and one of the 
most devoted of wives, — he regained his health. 



Social Conditions Among the Early 

OF the social conditions existing amongst the Welsh settlers 
some idea will have been formed by the reader from the 
chapters already given. Rev. Joseph Mathias, for many years the 
Baptist pastor at Hilltown, in a large manuscript volume which he 
left behind him, has some details on this subject.' The drink of 
the settlers, he sa3^s, was at first principally water. After a while, 
New England rum was used, and after the orchards grew to 
perfection and bore fruit, cider and whiskey^ became plenty. 
Their bread was made of wheat or rye meal, ground and bolted. 
Besides bread, the wheat flour was cooked in various ways. 
Some made " dumplings " in pots with meat and vegetables, and 
often apples were used in this way, — /. c, " in dumplings." Flour 
was made into puddings, mixed with eggs and milk, etc., "and 
boiled in bags, sometimes in the same pot with meat, and some- 
times alone." Beef suet was used to enrich the puddings, and 
they were eaten with " plenty of dip." Batter cakes were made of 
flour, eggs, and milk, baked in a frying pan with lard, and skill- 
fully turned by tossing. Sometimes these were used for dessert, 
with sugar sprinkled on them. Usually the settlers had plent}' 

1 Rev. Joseph Mathias was himself of Welsh descent, and very familiar with 
all the traditions respecting the early settlers. He was born at Hilltown, 1778, and died 
1851, at his home near where Chalfont now is. He was called to the ministry' in 1804, 
and preached till his death. 

2 He means, no doubt, spirits distilled from apple juice, — i.e., apple brand)'; 
this was very commonly called apple whiskey. 


of meat, — beef, pork, and poultry, chiefly, — sometimes mutton. 
" But few depended on wild meat or fowls, though occasionally 
they took time to hunt and procure some." 

In clearing new land, further says Mr. Mathias, the small 
trees were grubbed up by a party of neighbors who joined and 
made a " frolic." The large trees were girdled, and when they 
fell, the logs were divided in convenient lengths by fires kindled 
along them at proper distances. They had small horses, who 
wore collars of straw. The harness was principally of tow cloth, 
ropes, and raw hide. " There were no wagons, carts, or wheeled 
carriages." " No people have ever been more united in interest, 
the labor on the land being mostly performed by companies, by 
way of exchange, many hands making light work of heavy jobs." 
Much labor was done by the women : picking, carding, and spin- 
ning of wool, swingling, hatcheling, and spinning of flax. There 
were " frolics " to pull flax, gather grain, etc. In the harvest 
field sometimes the workers were bitten by rattlesnakes. " I 
recollect hearing that my grandmother was bitten while in the 
field. There being no remedy at hand, one of her companions 
sucked out the poison with his mouth, throwing off the saliva ; 
and she speedily recovered." 

We may study with interest, in this connection, the inven- 
tory of the household goods of William John, of Gwynedd, who 
died in 17 12, in the early years of the settlement. He was, 
judging by the large tract which he bought, — nearly three times 
the size of any other, — a rich man according to the circum- 
stances of the times. The inventory in the house includes the 
following articles : 

I Rugg, 4 new blanketts, 7 new blanketts and one old Double coverlid, 
2 ditto, I ditto, 2 single ditto, 3 ditto, i double ditto, 3 tow double 
coverlids, 7 cushin cases, i side of curtains, 7 pairs sheets, 5 table cloths. 



10 napkins, 4 bolster cases and 2 pillow cases, 8 chairs, 2 tables, 2 Dutch 
wheels, and 2 other spinning wheels, 6 lbs. of hatcheled flax, 6 of flaxen 
yarn, 37 of course tow yarn, 4 of woolen yarn, 28 of wool, 40 yards of 
linen, 2 buck-skins (appraised at 7s. 6d) ; 55 lbs. of hemp, chafing dish, 
brass pans, wooden ware, pewter, 3 meal sives, earthen ware. 

Alexander Edwards, sen., who died in Montgomery in the 
same year (17 12), left in his will " one-half of my pewter," to 
be equally divided between his daughter Martha and the children 
of his daughter Margaret, and in another clause he provided : 

I give my biggest Iron pot to my daughter Martha's eldest daughter 
and I give my least Iron pot to my daughter Bridget's eldest daughter. 

Robert John, who died in Gwynedd, in 1732, from the in- 
ventory of his personal estate was probably the wealthiest citizen 
of the township. The list shows several articles indicating re- 
finement and even some degree of luxury. Included in it are 
the follov/ing, valued as stated : 

6 Cane chairs, . . . 

2 Small walnut tables, 
Window curtains, . . 

5 doz. glass bottles, 1 . 
Chyney ware, and 
glasses on mantel piece 

3 Brass candlesticks, . o 
I Desk on a frame, . . 3 

6 Leather Chairs, . . . i 

4 Arm chairs i 

1 Warming pan and i 
looking glass, 

Money scales and 
weights and little bo 

2 Great spinning wheels, 0.12 
2 Little wheels, . . . .0.15 









. o 
. o 
. o 
. o 

md 1 


14 Flag bottom chairs, . i . 
6 Candlesticks, ] 

2 flesh forks, 1 • • ■ • 






Smoothmg-box and | 
heater, j ' ° ' 



Pewters, 3 . 



4 Brass pans, 4 . 



2 pairs scales and weights . 



5 Iron potts and pott | 
hooks, j 2 • 


I Gridiron, brander, ] 
and frying pans, J 
I Long frame table. 



5 Oak chairs, . . . . i . 



2 Lignum vits mortars, i . 



25 yards of lincy woolcy, 2 ■ 



' They seem to have been all empty 


The quantity of furniture shown above was unusually large. 
No other Gwynedd inventory of that time, that I have exam- 
ined, shows so much. 

The inventory of Jenkin Jenkin's personal estate, in Hatfield, 
in 1745, shows much the same list as Robert John, but there 
were a few different or otherwise notable articles, as follows : 

/ s. d, I s. d. 

4 Brass pans, . . . . 1 1 . o . o A chest with drawers, . i . 0.0 

All the pewters, ...3.0.0 2 Buckskins, i . 16 . o 

I Rug, I . 10 . o 5 Coarse sheets, . . . i . 0.0 

Earthenware, . . . . o . 10 . o 2 Sheets, i . 0.0 

Tin ware, 0.4.0 i Diaper table-cloth. 

Iron pots, a kettle, and and 3 napcins, . . .0.10.0 

hangers, 2 . 0.0 Brand irons, frying-pan 

8 chairs, 0.16.0 and bakeston, . . . 2 . 10 . o 

A table and dough Wooling yarn, ... . 6 . 0.0 

trough, I . 0.0 Lining yarn, i . 12 . o 

A coutch, o . 7.0 

The inventory of Robert Evans, of Gwynedd, 1746, included 

I feather bed and furniture, 2 chaff beds and furniture, i chaff bed 
and 2 pillows, 6 lbs. worsted yarn, 5 lbs. of combed worsted, 4 yards of 
lincy, lyi yards of cloth, 26 lbs. of wool, i great and 3 little wheels, a dough 

Evan Evans (the preacher, who lived at Mumbower's mill), 
who died in 1747, had a large number of items in his inventory 
such as these : 

Sundry remnants of linnen (^5 los.) ; table linnen, a piece of new 
linnen, flax and tow yarn, 6yi lbs. of worsted, linnen yarn, 20 lbs. of wool> 
etc., etc. 

The character and number of these items indicate that they 
may have been on hand as part of the product of the fulling- 
mill which Evan Evans or his son Abraham had established 
about 1 744. Other items in the same inventory were these : 


21 chairs, a settle, a long table, 3 " ovil " tables, sundry earthenware, 
a brass kettle and other brass things, sundry pewters, sundry wooden 
vessels, funnel, grater, bellows, tongs and fire shovel, a baking plate, 3 
iron potts, 2 pairs of pott hangers, cheese press, dough trough, a looking- 

These inventories show clearly enough the character and 
extent of the household belongings in Gwynedd and adjoining 
townships down to 1750. There were few dishes of any finer 
ware than earthen ; brass and pewter ones were the most es- 
teemed. Jenkin Jenkin had some tin-ware. The iron pots were 
valued enough to be made heirlooms. The " dough-trough " 
was in nearly every house. No clocks are named in any of 
these inventories. The best beds were filled with feathers, but 
many plain people contented themselves with a tick filled with 
chaff. For cooking, the frying-pan, the chafing-dish, the grid- 
iron, and the kettle were used. The " smoothing-box and heater " 
mentioned in Robert John's inventory were no doubt a smooth- 
ing-iron, with a cell in the heel for the insertion of a heated piece 
of metal, — such as hatters and others still use. The " settle " 
appears in Evan Evans's house, and he, like Robert John, had a 
looking-glass. For making the bed comfortable on a cold night, 
the warming-pan was already in use. Robert John's " Chyney- 
ware " appears to have been unknown in other houses. 

Of the simplicity of manners among the Friends we get a 
glimpse in this letter, sent by Benjamin and Ann Mendenhall, of 
Chester county, to Owen and Mary Roberts, of Gwynedd, solicit- 
ing the latter's daughter Mary for their son Benjamin : 

Concord, ye 20 of ye 6 Mo., 1716. 
Beloved Friends, 

Owen Roberts and Mary his wife. 

Our Love is unto you, and to your son and daughter. Now this is to 

let you understand that our son Benjamin had made us acquainted that he 

has a kindness for your daughter Lydia, and desired our consent thereon. 


and we having well considered of it and knowing nothing in our minds 
against his proceeding therein, have given our consent that he may proceed 
orderly, that is to have your consent, and not to proceed without it. And it 
is our desire that you will give your consent, Also now, as touching his place 
that we have given him for to settle on, we shall say but little at present. 

Ellis Lewis knows as well of our minds and can give you as full 
account of it, as we can if we were with you, but if you will be pleased to 
come down, we shall be very glad to see you, or either of you, and then 
you might satisfy yourselves. 

Now we desire you when satisfied,' to return us an answer, in the same, 
way as we have given you our minds. 

No more, but our kind love to you and shall remain your Loving 
friends, Benjamin and Ann Mendenhall.^ 

That the business thus delicately introduced, and promoted 
perhaps by the settlements which Benjamin and Ann had made 
for their son (which Ellis Lewis could tell all about), prospered, 
we know by the records. Benjamin Mendenhall, jr., married 
Lydia Roberts, at Gwynedd meeting-house, 3d mo. 9th, 17 17. 

Conduct was not always so circumspect, however, with young 
people about marrying. The monthly meeting records, 1723, 
show a minute like this : 

H J and wife produced a paper condemning their letting loose 

their affections to one another before a timely permission from Parents and 
Relations, — which was read & ordered to lye by ye clerk for further Tryal.^ 

Some other extracts from the disciplinary proceedings of the 
monthly meeting may be here made : 

1 718. This meeting being given to understand that J W at a 

certain time hath been too much overtaken with the Excess of Strong 
Liquor, he being present att this meeting Confessed the same and Con- 

1 This letter, I am cautioned by my friend, Gilbert Cope, is much smoothed from 
the original. 

^ I do not think this means anything more than is expressed, — that the young 
people engaged to marry, without getting permission. 


demned himself and the Spirit that led him thereunto, with a firm resolu- 
tion to take better care for the future. 

17 1 8. Reported by Gwynedd Overseers that D H lately was 

too apparently seen in the Excess of Drink. [Not being present, he was 
notified to appear, which subsequently he did, " confest his failures," and 
promised reform.] 

1725. E F brought in a paper condemning his immoderate 

use of strong drink. 

The following extracts from the minutes, of a much later 
date, relate to the same subject : 

3d mo. 29, 1763. .^— has contracted considerable debts at Tav- 
erns, more than he is able to pay. 

nth mo. 26, 1765. retails Hquors without license, etc., 

very contrary to the advice of Friends. 

7th mo. 26, 1796. [Answer to query :] Several members dechne the 
use of liquor in time of harvest. 

7th mo. 25, 1797. Some members retail Hquors. 

7th mo. 31, 1798. None retailing or distilling except four women, 
whose husbands are not in membership. 

8th mo. 26, 1800. In relation to we are of the mind that 

part of the charge of assaulting his neighbors had better be expunged, and 
say that he threw a glass of wine at a certain person in an angry manner, 
& at the same time used unbecoming language. 

In relation to marriages and burials, a tendency to what the 
meeting regarded as excess was early observed. 

8th mo. 26, 1725. This meeting hath had in consideration ye large 
provisions in marriage and burials, wch after some discourse was referred 
to next meeting. 

A memorandum amongst the papers of Ellis Lewis, the 
elder, of Upper Dublin, shows the following items of expense, 

at the time of his funeral, in 1753 : 

i s. d. 

To a Windin sheete, 15 9 

To Wine, Rum, Sider and other small things in cash, 2 16 11 

To Digin the Greave o 10 o 


The drinkables, it seems, were much the heaviest items of 
expense ! 

The records of the Friends' meeting show that " differences " 
would sometimes arise among members, but there is pleasing 
evidence that the efforts to speedily end them were successful. 
Here is a case in point : 

171 8. Being informed of some Difference Depending between Richard 
Morris and John Rees, viz : the sd John Rees has lost or mislaid his deed 
wh he had of Richd Morris, on a tract of land he purchased of the said 
Richard ; Now the advice of this meeting is that they, in a friendly man- 
ner, Refer the matter Depending to two able judicious men. Both being 
present [they] agreed to refer the same to David Lloyd and Robert Jones 
of Meirion, & to stand to their Determination and final judgment. 

This was a satisfactory procedure, for a few months later 

Account was given that ye differences depending between Richard 
Morris and John Rees was fully ended. 

There was, it seems, some "difference" between Rowland 
Ellis and Owen Owen. This is mentioned in the minutes several 
times, and the case probably never came to a definite conclusion. 
But at one meeting, in the 9th month, 1724, a committee was 
appointed to "advise 'em to stand to the judgment of ye 
Friends," and the papers relating to the controversy were directed 
to be placed in the custody of John Humphrey, who was not to 
allow them "to be shown or read to any one, or to be trans- 
cribed." Two months later the papers were brought to the 
meeting, "folded, sealed, and delivered to John Humphrey, to be 
safely kept by him, and not unsealed without this meeting con- 
sent." The whole affair then rested. Afterward, Rowland Ellis 
died, and in 1741, John Humphrey being dead also, the meet- 
ing ordered the papers to be destroyed. 

Some further interesting glimpses of the manners of the 


time may be obtained from other minutes of disciplinary action 
by the monthly meeting : 

1730. S. E. appeared at this meeting and confess' d he had unadvis- 
edly gone into bad Company at a Certain Time, and also had actual en- 
gag'd in the wicked practice of playing Cards, with other Indecent things, 
all which he frankly Confessed & openly Condemn'dand express'd Sorrow 
on the occasion, [etc.] 

1730. E. M. appeared at this meeting. Confessing his faults for In- 
dulging some of his neighbours to fiddle and keep undue liberty in his 
house, [etc., etc.] This meeting being sorrowfully affected with the preva- 
lence of undue Liberties, such as shooting matches. Singing & Dancing, 
and the like disorders, wch too many of our youths fall into, we can do no 
less than recommend it to all parents, masters, mistresses, overseers, and 
other faithfull friends, to Discourage and Crush the growth of such Disor- 
ders as much as in 'em lies. 

1742. The meeting adjudges that a man that does not pay his debts 
Deprives himself of being in fellowship with us unless he surrenders his all. 

1750. [The minutes state at some length that] joined 

the Society by convincement, declaring he had no bye ends. He soon 
married a Friend, and declared he never owned our principles. 

1756. [This appears to be the first answering of the Queries. To the 
1st] Meetings are attended, and the hour observed, and as for sleeping, 
chewing tobacco, and taking snuff, we fear some are not so clear as 
might be wished for, notwithstanding the repeated advices, [etc.] 

1760. , daughter of , says she was married by 

a Swede minister in Philad'a, but this meeting being doubtful of the va- 
racity do appoint William Foulke and John Evans to use their endeavors 
to find the certainty by enquiring of said Minister. 

1 76 1. went out in marriage pretty soon after the de- 
cease of her former husband, and it appearing to be her third offense of 
that kind, the Meeting, [etc.] 

1766. R. R., tanner, is disowned for not binding his children out, 
when unable to make a living. 


Agricitlhtre, Slaves, Schools, Hotels, 
Stores, etc. 

OOME idea of the agricultural methods of the early settlers 
*^ may be gathered from the inventories of personal property 
attached to their wills. In 1 7 1 2, William John's inventory showed 
his grain crops to be wheat, rye, and oats ; he had also hay ; 
and these were "in the barn," showing that he, at least, had by 
that time built a barn. He had 21 cattle of all sorts, 5 of the 
horse kind, in addition to " i old mare with her breed in the 
woods." He had " 7 stock of bees," showing attention already 
given to them, and Jenkin Jenkin's inventory, 1745, includes 18 
hives of bees. Owen Evans, 1723, also had bees, and his inven- 
tory includes " 6 acres of new land fallow for barley." 

Cider was made quite early. Robert John, 1732, had "an 
apple mill and press." Jenkin Jenkin's inventory includes " 7 
hogseds and 3 barrels of sider." 

As to implements and tools, there were none up to 1750 but 
of the simplest sort. Robert John had 3 plows, i harrow, 3 
hoes, an iron bar, mauls, wedges, axes, spades, shovels, dung- 
forks, pitch-forks, a broadaxe, 2 cross-cut saws, " sithes," sickles, 
2 grindstones. The sickle, of course, was the implement for 
reaping grain, but Jenkin Jenkin's inventory (1743) mentions " a 
cradle," in connection with " a scythe and 4 siccles," showing the 
use of the cradle as early as that. He had also " a cuting box." 


Sheep were raised by Robert Evans, whose inventory, 1746, 
showed 22 head of them, as well as 20 hogs, and Evan Evans, 
the preacher, 1747, had 30 head of sheep. Robert Evans's crops 
were partly in " ye barn," and he had a lot of " flax unrotted." 
Jenkin Jenkin's crop items include flaxseed and buckwheat. 

Of vehicles of any sort there is no mention in any of these 
early inventories, except a cart. Robert John had one, and 
Evan Evans had " a cart and thiller's gears ; " he had also a sled. 
Those who travelled went on horseback, and in the inventories 
the " riding-horse" is usually mentioned separately, and appraised 
at a considerably higher price than the horses used for farm 
work. It was common, also, to appraise the saddle with the 
horse. That the sale of a horse was attended with some for- 
mality at times is shown by a bill of sale among the papers of 
Ellis Lewis, of Upper Dublin, given to him, in 1728, by John 
Clark, " of Elizabethtown, in East New Jersey," for " a black 
horse, branded I F on the near buttock, with a few white hairs in 
ye forehead, and a few white on his hind off leg." (The price 
was £1 5 s.) 

Some memoranda in the little book of Samuel and Cadwal- 
lader Foulke give clues to the time of agricultural operations.' 
Thus : 

On the 5th day of May, 1773, fell a snow of several Inches deep, & was 
succeeded by the greatest crops of wheat that was known for more than 30 

9th of July, 1 80 1, Began Reaping. 15th do., Finished Reaping and 
all our grain in the Barn. 

1 2th of July, 1802, began Reaping. 17th, finished reaping, and all our 
grain in the barn. 

1803, May 8th, a snow of 4 or 5 inches. 

' The first of these items refers to Richland ; the others mostly, if not all, to 
Gwynedd. It is notable that the time given for the beginning of harvest is later 
than now. 


On the last day of March, 1807, was the greatest snow ever known at 
that season. 

On the first day of Nov'r, 1810, it began snowing, which continued 32 
hours, and drifted for two days & was attended with unusual freezing. 
After one moderate day it began Raining on the 8th. The loth in the even- 
ing was the greatest fresh in Wissahickon that had happened for 16 years. 
The sun has not shone from the 8th until the [date omitted] . 

March 30, 1823, there was a snow near a foot deep, attended with the 
hardest gale for 12 hours, ever known, by which thousands of cords of wood 
were blown down. 

1834, May 14th, 15th, and i6th, the ground was froze each morning. 

Concerning the slaves in Gwynedd, the meeting records 
furnish some clues. Here are a few extracts from the monthly- 
meeting minutes : 

4th mo. 27, 1756. [Answer of Monthly Meeting to loth Query :] We 
have but very few negroes amongst us, and they we believe are tolerably 
well used. 

7th mo. 25, 1758. A Friend among us has sold a negro slave to another 
since our last Quarter. Ouerie : is that an offence ? 

1st mo. 29, 1760. [Answer to Query :] Some slaves are brought to 
meeting at times. 

2d mo. 26, 1760. Thomas Jones has purchased a slave, and he 
appearing in this meeting in a plyable frame of mind, expressed disposi- 
tion of using him well if he should live ; this meeting desires him to 
adhere to the Principle of doing unto others as he would be done unto, 
which will teach him how to use him in time to come. 

3d mo. 30, 1 76 1. Richard Thomas has purchased a slave, and he 
being in this meeting. Friends had a good opportunity to lay the inconsist- 
ency of the practice before him, [etc.]. 

loth mo. 27. 1 76 1. Mordecai Moore sold a slave for a term of years, 
but says that he has such a regard for the unity of Friends that if it was to 
do again he would not do it. 

loth mo., 1770. Jonathan Robeson acknowledges selling a negro 
woman, who was very troublesome in his family for several years. He 
never intends to do the like again. 

SLA VES. 395 

istmo., 1780. Miles Evans agrees to manumit his negro man. A 
committee of the meeting is appointed to advise the negro with respect to 
his conduct when free. 

7th mo. 27, 1784. [Women's branch of the Monthly Meeting answer- 
ing the query, said :] No slaves amongst us. Those set free are under the 
care of the committee. 

Jenkin Jenkin's inventory, 1745, shows "a .servant man" 
appraised at £Z, and " a negro woman," £a,o. The former was 
probably an indentured servant, and the latter a slave. Items of 
the " time " of indentured servants occur in many of the inven- 
tories. In Evan Evan's inventory, 1728 : "a servant lad, £1^, 
and a servant maid, i yr to serve, £A,y In Robert John's, 1732 : 
" The time of 5 bound servants, ^50." In Evan Evan's, 1747 : 
"A servant man's time, 2 yrs, ,^io." 

In 1757, as appears from an old memorandum of account, 
the pay of a farm laborer, David Evans, in the employ of Ellis 
Lewis, of Upper Dublin, for reaping and mowing, was 2 shillings 
6 pence per day — about 53 cents. For threshing less than that 
was paid. Some items in the account run thus : 

s. d. 

1757. 2 days Reepin, 5 o 

" 4 " Mowin second grass, 10 o 

" 6 " thrashin wheat, 12 o 

^759- 5 " mowing grass, 12 6 

" 3 " thrashin buckwheat, 40 

As to schools and education, the first school-house in the 
township undoubtedly was that in the lower end, mentioned by 
Rowland Hugh and Robert Humphrey, 1 721, in their petition 
for a road. In 1729, it appears that " Marmaduke Pardo, of 
Gwynedd, schoolmaster," was married at Merion, so that G^vyn- 
nedd had a teacher at least that early, if not — as is reasonable — 
in 1 72 1, when the school-house was provided.' 

^ Marmaduke came from Pembrokeshire, Wales, with the following quaint certifi- 
cate, dated April 19, 1727: "We whose names are hereunto subscrib'd, being the 


Of the teachers following Marmaduke Pardo I have no 
account. Samuel Evans (son of Owen and Ruth) was a teacher 
" at North Wales," toward the close of the last century. A 
school was kept under the oversight of the Friends, at the meet- 
ing-house, at least as early as 1793. Joseph Foulke, in a manu- 
script furnished the writer in 1859, recalled the following facts : 

My earliest recollection of schools which I attended was at Gwynedd 
meeting. There was no house for the purpose, but what was called "the 
httle meeting-house ' ' was used. An old tottering man by the name of 
Samuel Evans was teacher. The reading books were the Bible and Testa- 
ment ; we had Dilworth's SpeUing-Book, and Dilworth's Assistant (or 
Arithmetic). Grammar was a thing hardly thought of ; there was however 
a small part of the speUing-book called "A New Guide to the English 
Tongue," and a few of the older pupils learned portions of this, by rote, 
and would occasionally recite to the master, but the substance appeared to 
be equally obscure both to master and scholar. 

My next schooHng was in 1795, in the house late the property of 
WilHam Buzby, on the Bethlehem road, above the Spring-House. It was a 
kind of family school, taught by Hannah Lukehs. (Here Dr. Walton, of 
Stroudsburg, laid the foundation of his education.) I next went to Joshua 
Foulke, my father's elder brother, and an old man. He taught in a log 
school-house, near the 18-mile stone on the Bethlehem road. My father, 
with the help of his neighbors, built this house [about 1798], on a lot set 
apart for the purpose at the southern extremity of his premises. This log 
school-house stood about thirty years, and besides Joshua Foulke, we had 
for teachers William Coggins, Hannah Foulke, Benjamin Albertson, Hugh 
Foulke (my brother), John Chamberlain, Christian Dull, Daniel Price, and 

Curate and others of the inhabitants of the parish of St. David's, do hereby certify 
whom it may concern that ye bearer hereof, Marmaduke Pardo, of the Citty of St. 
David's, and county of Pembrock, hath to ye utmost of our knowledge & all appear- 
ance liv'd a very sober and pious life, demeaninghimself according to ye Strictest Rules 
of his profession, viz., wt what we call Quakerism, & yt he hath for these several years 
past took upon himself ye keeping of a private school in this citty, in which station he 
acquitted himself with ye common applause, and to ye general satisfaction of all of us 
who have committed our children to his care and tuition," etc. [Signed by Richard 
Roberts, curate, and about 25 others.] 


Samuel Jones. (I have probably not named all, or given them in the 
order in which they came). 

The Free School of Montgomery, however, was more popular. The 
salary paid there, $i6o a year, secured more competent teachers than 
other schools in the neighborhood. I can remember when the teacher's 
pay was from a dollar to ten shillings per quarter for each scholar, and he 
obtained his board by going about from house to house among his em- 
ployers, and it was a remark that people would trust a teacher tp instruct 
their children to whom they would not lend a horse ! 

Many interesting data ought to be available concerning this 
" Free School at Montgomery." It was maintained for many 
years, and the old house yet stands, and is used for school pur- 
poses. Here William Collom, an accomplished teacher, taught 
about 1820. Benjamin F. Hancock was teacher there, when his 
son, the General, was born. Among the scholars at one time, 
were Samuel Aaron, Samuel Medary, and Lewds Jones, and a 
flourishing debating society was maintained about William Col- 
lom's time. 

George I. Evans of Emerson, Ohio, says of his father, Jona- 
than Evans : " He taught school for two years, perhaps, near 
Everard Foulke's, about half a mile east of Bunker's Hill, and 
1 1^ miles from Quakertown ; after that he moved to Gwynedd and 
taught school there. I think he moved to Sandy Hill [Whit- 
pain] in 1 8 16 or '17, and remained there until after 1824. He 
also taught in Worcester, and in 1826 and 1827 he taught at the 
end of Uncle John Ambler's lane, in an old log house on Cap- 
tain Baker's place. I think he got as low as $6 a month for 

The public schools of Gwynedd township date their histor}' 
from the year 1840. In 1834, during the administration of 
Governor Wolf, the first common school law passed the Legisla- 
ture. It left the school districts the option of acceptance or re- 


jection by a vote of the school directors, who were elected by 
the people. This law was objected to as needlessly elaborate, 
and in various respects unsuitable for the circumstances of the 
people. However fair or otherwise this charge may have been, 
comparatively few schools were organized under it, in any part 
of the State. In 1835 its repeal was nearly carried through 
the Legislature. The Senate passed the repealing act by a de- 
cisive vote, but in the House, Thaddeus Stevens led the opposi- 
tion, and by his passionate eloquence and persistent earnestness, 
secured a majority in the negative.^ The next year, in Governor 
Ritner's administration, the law was amended, and with this 
change the friends of public schools began their work in earnest. 

In 1834, the Gwynedd Board of Directors were Peter Hoot, 
Thomas Shoemaker, Solomon Kriebel, Jesse Spencer, William 
Buzby, and Charles F. Jenkins. On the vote for accepting or 
rejecting the State system, the members were unanimous in the 

In 1835 and 1836 the votes of the directors were to the same 
effect. But in 1837, under the provisions of the amended law 
of '36, the people voted on the question of adoption, at the 
township election, in March. For three years the opposition 
was successful, the votes being as follows : 

1837, March — , for Adoption, 23 ; for Rejection, 100. 

1838, " 16, " " 73 ; " " 128. 

1839, " 15, " " 46; " " 125. 

The contest of 1838 was a warm one, and while the friends 
of the schools showed a great increase of strength, their decisive 
defeat evidently discouraged them for the next year. But a very 
persuasive element had now entered into the case. The State 

* This was the time of Stevens's greatest service in behalf of pubhc education. 
See, for some account of the scene in the House, Armor's Lives of the Governors of 


appropriations to the school district were piling up. They had 
begun in 1835, under the Act of '34. By special acts and reso- 
lutions passed from year to year by the Legislature, it had been 
provided that such appropriations should still be open to the ac- 
ceptance of the districts, up to a date in the future, — this date 
being in each act moved a year ahead. And in 1837 there had 
come from the national treasury to that of the State that large 
sum (nearly three millions of dollars) which was Pennsylvania's 
share of the Surplus distributed under the Act of Congress of 
1836. This money was largely applied to the public schools,' 
and the effect it had on the Gwynedd appropriation will be seen 
by the following statement : 

State Appropriations to Gwynedd School District : 

For year beginning June, 1835 5 83.37 

1836 228.27 

" " " " 1837 799-80 

" 1838 353-00 

1839 326.00 

When the vote came to be taken, once more, at the township 
election in March, 1840, there was, therefore, nearly eighteen 
hundred dollars to the credit of the school district, and open to 
its use in the event of a vote for accepting the system, but to be 
covered into the general fund of the State, in the event of a fresh 
rejection. With this aid, the friends of the schools triumphed. 
On March 20th of that year, the vote stood : 

For Acceptance, 86 ; for Rejection, 80. 
The Directors in 1840 were Charles Greger, John Boileau, 
John Jenkins, Samuel Linton, Samuel B. Davis, Charles F. 

1 The enormous influence exercised by this large expenditure, under the practical 
and effective amendments of 1836, can hardly be overestimated. The school system 
of Pennsylvania sprang at once mto vigorous life. Within three years, the permanent 
State appropriation rose from ^75,000 to ^00,000 ; and whereas there were but 762 
public schools open at the end of 1835, there were, only three years later, no less 
than 5,000. 


Jenkins. The adoption of the system made necessary the laying 
of a tax, and this was fixed at ^228.26. The following statement 
shows, the district's share of the State appropriation, and its 
amount of tax, from 1 840 to 1 845 inclusive : 

1840. State Appropriation, $326 ; Tax, $228.26 

1841. " " 326 ; " 225.42 

1842. " " 410; " 320.65 

1843. " " 410; " 266.83 

1844. " " 245 ; " 296.87 

1845. " " 192 ; " 301.80 

The report of the State Superintendent for 1 844 showed the 
progress which Gwynedd had by that time made. There were 
4 schools, 4 teachers (all males) ; 255 male and 197 female pu- 
pils. The average compensation of teachers per month was ^20. 
The schools were open 9 months in the year. 13 pupils were 
instructed in the German language. It is interesting to note that 
in that year, 19 townships of the county, a majority of the whole 
number, still rejected the State system. Gwynedd and Mont- 
gomery were the only two in this section accepting ; Hatfield, 
Horsham, Towamencin, Worcester, Whitpain, and Upper Dub- 
lin were among those which had so far refused. 

The four schools open, in 1844, were the " upper eight- 
square," on the AUentown road ; one on the Sumneytown road 
opposite Frederick Beaver's ; one at Gwynedd meeting-house, 
partly supported by the meeting fund ; one at the " lower eight- 
square," on the turnpike below Spring-House. The two " eight- 
square " were actually octagonal in shape, a plan then thought 
to be a very good one. * 

The first hotel in the township was no doubt that of Thomas 
Evans, on what is now the turnpike, a mile below Acuff's. 
On which side of the road it stood may be somewhat uncertain, 
but probably on the south-west side, where there used to be 


traces of an old building, a well, etc. Rowland Roberts's hotel, 
in Montgomery, must have been on the Bethlehem road, below 
Montgomery Square. It exi.sted in 1 749, as we know by his 
will. The hotel at Spring-House was established about 1763, 
probably by Martin Shoemaker, who came from Lower Salford. 
Christian Dull bought this property of Philip Bahl, and contin- 
ued to keep it for many years, probably until his death in 1820. 
He was the landlord when Alexander Wilson, afterward the 
famous ornithologist, stayed over night there in his pedestrian 
tour to Niagara Falls, in October, 1804, and "wrote up" the 
place in a not particularly complimentary manner.' 

Another hotel was established at Spring-House in the house 
across the road, owned by the Scarletts ; this was in the build- 
ing now occupied as a store by Isaac Hallowell. For many 
years there were two, until the railroad cut off the stream of the 
market-folks whom Wilson encountered, and one became quite 
sufficient for public accommodation. 

Before buying the Maris property, by the meeting-house, 
and establishing his hotel there, David Acuff kept tavern at 
Spring-House (perhaps in the Scarlett building) for a number of 
years, I have seen his licenses for years from 181 1 to 18 16. 

' Wilson's poem, " The Foresters," describing his trip, says : 
Mile after mile passed unperceived away. 
Till in the west the day began to close, 
And Spring-House tavern furnished us repose. 
Here two long rows of market folks were seen, 
Ranged front to front, the table placed between. 
Where bags of meat, and bones, and crusts of bread. 
And hunks of bacon all around were spread ; 
One pint of beer from lip to lip went 'round. 
And scarce a bone the hungry house-dog found ; 
Torrents of Dutch from every quarter came. 
Pigs, calves, and sour-kraut the important theme ; 
While we, on future plans revolvmg deep, 
Discharged our bill, and straight retired to sleep. 


He bought the Maris property of Jesse J. Maris, in 1818, and at 
the August Term, 18 19, petitioned the court for a license. This, 
however, was not granted him until 1827. The petition of 18 19 
recites that his place is " where the great road leading from 
Doylestown to Plymouth Meeting crosses the great road leading 
from Philadelphia to Kutztown," and that there are no hotels 
between Spring-House and George Heist's, on the latter road, 
or "between Montgomery Square and Pigeontown " (Blue Bell) 
on the other. 

The tavern at Kneedler's was long known as Heisler's. 
(Reading Howell's map, 1792, shows it by that name, — though 
mis-spelled Heister's.) When it was established is not certain. 
In 1776, Jacob Heisler had 147 acres of land, according to the 
assessor's list, but he is not marked as having a tavern. Henry 
Kneedler, who had married his granddaughter, Margaret Heis- 
ler (daughter of Jacob, jun.), acquired the property in 1840, and 
the hotel was long kept by his son, Jacob Heisler Kneedler. 

George Heist's tavern, on the turnpike, below the old St. 
Peter's churchyard, was a famous place in its time. The large 
buildings, now used for a dwelling (Cardell's), were put up to 
accommodate the public, and there used to be large stone sheds 
and stabling, which were torn down during the ownership of 
Silas H. Land, in the '60s. 

As has been already stated, the central part of the present 
store-building and residence of Walter H. Jenkins was a hotel 
during the Revolution. Jesse Evans, the tailor, when he sold 
most of his property to George Maris,' in 1755, retained this, 
(now W. H. J.'s), but as he became insolvent, the sheriff sold it 
for him, in November, 1 764, to Jacob Wentz, of Worcester. He, 

1 See Jesse Evans, p. 173. It is there stated that when he sold to Geo. Maris, the 
W. H. Jenkins lot was included, but this is an error. In the garden behind the wagon- 
house there is an old well, and beside it, in Jesse Evans's time, stood a log house. 


in 1769, built the middle part of tlie house, and rented it out for 
a tavern. Who was the landlord is not known. (J wen I'"erris, 
" of Towamencin, gentleman," bought the j)roperty of Went/,, 
in 1778, and in 1782 sold it to John Martin, who in 1794 sold to 
Edward Jenkins. The last named built the present store end of 
the building, and kept store there until his death in 1829, when 
the property descended to his son, Charles F. Jenkins. 

Earlier than Edward Jenkins's store at this place was that of 
Owen Evans, in the Meredith house. (He calls himself " store- 
keeper " in a deed to his son Samuel.) This store Samuel Evans 
probably continued ; in his deed for tlie sale of 88 '/^ acres' to 
Amos Roberts, in 1765, he calls himself" store-keeper," also.^ 

'Squire John Roberts was doubtless the most important 
merchant in Gwynedd, for many years. His store was at the 
Spring-House, a particularly good place for business in the old 
times. He began there soon after the close of the Revolution, 
some of his accounts that I have seen being of so early a date as 
1786. His papers show that he dealt largely in flaxseed and 
linen, buying the former of the farmers and exporting it, from 
Philadelphia, to the Irish ports, — Belfast, Dublin, Newry, and 
Cork. In return he received the linens. His operations were 
sometimes directly with the Irish commission houses, but more 
frequently he conducted them through Caleb and Owen Foulke. 
of Philadelphia. The shipments each way were quite large : 
whether they were ultimately at a profit to John ma)' be doubted. 
Months were required for returns, each way, and the various 
charges for insurance, freight, storage, commissions, etc., were 
about 30 per cent, of the prices realized on the flaxseed.^^ John 

* The Meredith place ; now Est. of J. Lukens. 

* He IS the same mentioned previously in this chapter as a school teacher, in 1793. 
'An " account sales " of William and Samuel Hanna, of Xewrv, 30th July, 1787, 

shows the sales " in course of the season," of 107 hogsheads of flaxseed, for ^310 7s. 
■zVlA. ; on which the various charges, under ten different headings, were ^84 4s. id. 


closed his business at the Spring-House, in 1794, by selling out 
to John Hubbs, for whom his brother-in-law, Amos Lewis, of 
Upper Dublin, became security. John Hubbs did not prove to 
be a successful store-keeper, and did not long continue. 

The first grist-mill in the township was doubtless that on the 
Wissahickon, at Penllyn, built by William Foulke. Its date of 
erection is uncertain, but it was some years before the Revolu- 
tion. Pretty nearly contemporary with it, but rather later, was 
the mill north of North Wales, formerly John L. Heist's. In the 
1776 list it is entered as Barnaby Beaver's. 

At Mumbower's, there was a saw and fulling-mill set up 
about 1 744. In that year Evan Evans conveyed 29 acres to his 
son Abraham Evans, including a strip 2 perches wide and 98 
long, " for the purpose of digging a race to lead the water to a 
saw and fulling mill." 

According to Gordon's Gazetteer, there were in Gwynedd, in 
1832, two grist-mills and three saw-mills. (There were returned 
to the assessor 307 houses, and 776 cattle.) 

The construction of the turnpike from Spring-House upward 
by Montgomery Square was set on foot in 18 13, a charter having 
been granted by the Legislature, and approved by the Governor, 
on January 16 of that year. The name of the corporation, " The 
Spring-House, Northampton Town and Bethlehem Turnpike 
Company," showed the ambitious design which was entertained, 
and which, compared with the actual progress of the work, was 
altogether too large for the means at command. The commis- 
sioners named in the charter were William Tilghman and Peter 
Kneplay, of Philadelphia ; John Roberts, Evan Jones, Silas 
Hough, and John Weaver, of Montgomery township ; Samuel 
Sellers, Andrew Schlicher, and William Green, of Bucks county ; 
James Greenleaf, Abraham Rinker, Jacob Hartzel, and Peter 


Wint, of Lehigh county ; and George Huber and (Jvven Rice, 
of Northampton county. 

The road was to begin at Spring-House, and go by Mont- 
gomery Square, Trewig's tavern, Sellers' tavern, Swamp Meet- 
ing-House [Quakertown], to Fry's tavern, and from there to the 
borough of Northampton,' in Lehigh county, " with a conveni- 
ent section to the town of Bethlehem." The roadway was not 
to be less than 50 nor more than 60 feet wide, of which at least 
21 feet was to be made an artificial road, " bedded with wood, 
stone, gravel, or any other hard substance, well compacted to- 
gether, and of sufficient depth to secure a solid foundation to the 
the same ; and the said road shall be faced with gravel or stone 
pounded, or other small hard substance, in such manner as to 
secure a firm, and as near as the materials will admit, an even 
surface," etc., etc. 

The stockholders organized by a meeting " at the public- 
house of Philip Shellenberger," May 24, 18 13, electing Evan 
Jones, President ; George Weaver, Treasurer ; and Owen Rice, 
Hugh Foulke, Edward Ambler, John Roberts, Benjamin Rosen- 
berger, Thomas Lester, James Wilson, John Gordon, Henry 
Leidy, John Todd, Benjamin Foulke, and Isaac Morris, managers. 

The managers met first, August 23, 18 13, at John Weaver's 
hotel, and elected Cadwallader Foulke and John Houston sur- 
veyors. Next day they met at David Acuff's hotel, Spring- 
House, and remained for further meetings on the two following 
days. There was some controversy over the route. One 
proposition, negatived by a vote of 6 to 3, was to run "in a 
straight line from Spring-House to George Weaver's ; " another 
(yeas 4, nays 8), that it " be carried along the North Wales road 
until where the [Treweryn] creek intersects the same, from thence 

' The present borough of Allentown. 


through the lands of Messrs. Foulke, Sheive, and Evans, in an 
oblique direction to the Swedes' Ford road, thence along it to 
George Weaver's." Some other propositions were made, and 
finally, 9 to 3, the road as now located was fixed on. 

The subsequent construction of the road was very slow. It 
never got to " Northampton Town," or even to Quakertown, 
but stopped at Hilltown, and the corporate title was changed 
finally to the Spring-House and Hilltown Turnpike Company. 
The State granted aid to a considerable amount : by an act in 
1 8 16, the Governor was authorized to subscribe to 200 shares of 
stock ($10,000) ; by another, in 1821, he was required to sub- 
scribe for 300 shares more; in 1824, he was directed to pay 
Patrick Logan, a contractor who had been at work on the road, 
$1,593, a balance due him, and the balance due under the Act of 
1 8 16 (and a supplement, 18 17), stated to be $7,157, when the 
road was completed to Trewig's tavern. In 1833, an act of the 
Legislature recited that " owing to the embarrassed situation of 
their funds," the Company had no prospect of complying with 
the conditions of the Act of 1821, and the Governor was ordered 
to pay the whole $i 5,000 State aid, as soon as they should com- 
plete not less than 2^/^ miles more road. 

The turnpike from Spring-House to Sumneytown,' 17 miles, 
was made in 1847-48. A general meeting to organize the com- 

1 Sumneytown is a village directly " up country " (n. w.) in Marlborough town- 
ship. This road was the route of travel for the people of a large section of country to 
the markets in Philadelphia, and until the construction of the railroad, hundreds of 
wagons, — two, four, and six-horse teams, — passed each week through Gwynedd on 
their way to and from the city. Flour from the mills on Perkiomen, farm produce of 
all kinds, linseed oil, and blasting powder, formed their main freightage. It was usual 
for many of these to go down on Monday and Thursday afternoons, reaching the city in 
time for the Tuesday and Friday markets, completing their sales, and returning on 
Wednesday and Saturday. It formed an extensive traffic, and the hotels along the 
road were busy places on the days when the " hucksters," mill-teams, hay-teams, and 
market farmers passed up or down. But after 1856, the railroad having been completed, 
this was broken up. 


pany was held at Jonas Boorse's hotel, in Lower Salford, May 
20, 1847, aiicl Charles F. Jenkins was elected president, Isaac W. 
VVampole treasurer, and ICllis Cleaver, Henry Kneedler, Seth 
Lukens, Jonas Boorse, Jonas C. Godshalk, Solomon Artman, 
Nathaniel Jacoby, and George Snyder managers. The Presi- 
dent and comniittees of the managers, with Jacob Pruner, jr., as 
surveyor, located the route (varying very little from the bed of 
the old road), starting from the Spring-House on May 27th, and 
reaching " the upper end of Sumneytown on the morning of 
June 3d." This work fixed the width of the road (50 feet), and 
its angles ; subsequently Lawrence E. Corson, of Norri.stown, 
fixed the grades. The road was divided into half-mile sections, 
for construction. All bridges with a span of over six feet were to 
be separately contracted for. The first nine sections, from Spring- 
House upward, were contracted for by Robert Scarlett and David 
Acuff, at $2,700 each ; two more, above, were taken by John 
Boileau, at ;$2,6oo each, — this covering all of the road in Gwynedd.' 
The bridge over the run at Spring-House, and that over P2vans 
run (between Gwynedd m. h. and North Wales), were built 
by Robert Scarlett, and he also raised the walls of the bridge 
over Trev/eryn. The work of construction was so far ad\-anced 
that the lower nine miles were inspected by the Governor's com- 
mittee in June, 1848, and the remainder in September,^ and upon 
favorable report, the Governor issued his certificate, September 
8, 1848, authorizing the erecting of toll-gates and the collection 
of tolls. 

Charles Y. Jenkins, to whose energy the rapid construction 
of this important work was largely due, continued to be the 

1 In consideration of the relief of the township in its road supervision, Gwynedd 
subscribed fo.ooc to the capital stock of the company. 

2 John E. Gross, John Shearer, and John S. Missimer were the Governor's com- 


president of the company until January, 1859, when he resigned, 
and Algernon S. Jenkins was elected, continuing to his death, 
July 9, 1890. 

Besides the details given in Chapter XVI. about the early 
roads, some other facts concerning the highways may be noted. 
In 1722, the monthly meeting records that several Friends were 
" under streight for want of a convenient road to ye meeting- 
house." In 1749, the meeting paid Richard Jacobs ;^ I i6s. "for 
laying out a road from New Providence meeting-house to Gwyn- 
edd meeting-house " — a curious sharing of the functions of the 
Court ! 

There was formerly an old road up by Jacob B. Bowman's 
house, leaving the Swedes' Ford road by the corner of the woods 
recently cleared off, and entering the Lansdale road up by J. 
Schlemme's. This was a " private road," 24 feet wide, laid out 
by order of the Court, in 1758. It started from the township 
line, about where Lansdale is, and came by lands (among others) 
of George Howell, Thomas Shoemaker, Robert Roberts, John 
Thompson, Hugh Evans, and Jesse Evans, " into Montgomery 
road." Its length was 3^ miles, 33 perches. 

" John Humphrey's bridge," mentioned in the Welsh Road 
proceedings of 1709, was unquestionably the first bridge in the 
township, and it seems to have been a well-known landmark. 
The bridge over the Treweryn, on the turnpike, a mile above 
Spring-House, is an important one. Before it was built the 
stream had to be forded, and Henry Jones says his mother told 
him she got through with difficulty when it was swollen by a 
freshet. The bridge over Wissahickon, near Kneedler's, was 
built in 1 8 19. That on the State Road, over the Wissahickon, 
was built by the county, in 1833. William Hamill, S. E. Leach, 
and Benjamin B. Yost were the county commissioners. Samuel 


Houpt was the contractor for building, and was paid ;g2,557.30. 
This probably included the materials, except sand, for which 
^189 was paid, as appears by the county account, published in 
January, 1834. 

The bridge over the Wissahickon, on the Plymouth road, at 
the mouth of Treweryn, was built in 1839, by the county, John 
Schaffer, Abel Thomas, and Silas Yerkes being in that year the 
county commissioners. I have seen among Franklin Foulke's 
papers duplicates of three of the contracts made for its erection. 
In one, Henry H. Rile contracted " to find the stone for bridge 
or quarry leave, for which said quarry leave the commissioners 
doth agree to pay to the said Rile the sum of 1 2^4 cents per 
perch, to be measured in the wall, after the completion of said 
bridge, the rim stone excepted." In another, Rile contracted 
" to furnish sufficient boarding and lodging for all the labourers 
that is employed to work at said bridge, except those that wish 
to board themselves, for the sum of 1 5 cents per meal ; the 
commissioners is not to pay the board for any of the labourers 
when they are not at work at said bridge." In the third, Col- 
lom Clime and Charles Cox contracted " to furnish lime of the 
best quality sufficient to build said bridge, for which said lime 
said commissioners doth agree to pay 13^ cents per bushel," 
measured at the bridge, if required. 

The " State Road " was laid out by commissioners, under an 
Act of General Assembly of 1830. It was, however, only a 
fragmentary construction, so far as the route through Gwynedd 
was concerned. The old road-beds were in part used, and new 
pieces were made, of which the most important was that from 
the intersection of the Plymouth road, below Acuff's, down to 
the Wissahickon and up the hill to the Whitpain township line, at 
or near which the bed of the old Swedes' Ford road was reached. 


Genealogical Details Concerning Early 


The first settler in Gwynedd or its vicinity, named Morgan, 
was Edward. He seems to have been here as early as 1704, as 
the road upward through Gwynedd, made in that year, was to go 
as far as his place. He was a tailor by trade, a Welshman by 
birth, no doubt, and was probably advanced in years when he 
came. He had lived, previously, near Philadelphia. In Feb- 
ruary, 1708, he bought 300 acres of land in what is now Towa- 
mencin, of Griffith Jones, merchant, Philadelphia. The tract lay 
along William John's land, and was therefore on the township 
line. In 17 14 he bought 500 acres more, near by, of George 
Claypoole, of Philadelphia, who, like Griffith Jones, was a spec- 
ulative holder of the Towamencin lands. By 17 13 he had ap- 
parently moved to Montgomery ; in the deed from Claypoole he 
is described as "yeoman, of Montgomery." 

Edward Morgan no doubt had several children. His sons 
probably received and held his Towamencin lands. In the list 
of 1734, for that township, there appear: Joseph Morgan, 200 
acres ; Daniel Morgan, 200 ; John Morgan, 100. In 1727, Mor- 
gan Morgan, of Towamencin, died, leaving a will, in which he 
mentions his wife Dorothy, his brothers Joseph, John, and Wil- 
liam, his two sons Edward and Jesse (both minors), and his 
niece Elizabeth, John's daughter. 


In the marriage lists previously given will be found the fol- 
lowing marriages of probable sons and daughters of Edward 
Morgan : 

1 710. Elizabeth Morgan m. Cadwallader Morris. 

1 71 3. Margaret Morgan m. Samuel Thomas. 

1 7 13. William Morgan m. Elizabeth Roberts. 

1 72 1. John Morgan m. Sarah Lloyd. 

1 7 18. Daniel Morgan m. Elizabeth Roberts. 

1720. Sarah Morgan m. Squire Boone. 

1728. Joseph Morgan m. EHzabeth Lloyd. 

1 73 1. WilHam Morgan, widower, m. Cath. Robeson. 

That all these were children of the first Edward Morgan is 
not certain, but probable. (Several of them are designated as 
son, or daughter, "of Edward," as will be seen by reference to 
the list). 

Daniel Morgan, named above, who m. Elizabeth Roberts, was 
a minister among the Friends. He d. 7th mo. 6, 1773, having had 
a stroke of paralysis some time before. A memorial concerning 
him says he was born in the district of Moyamensing (Philadel- 
phia) in 1691, but that " while still young his parents removed to 
Gwynedd, then just being settled." His wife was also a preacher ; 
her memorial says she was born in Wales, came over while 
young, appeared in the ministry after her marriage, went to Eng- 
land, in 1743, on a religious visit, in company with Susanna 
Morris, and remained two years, visiting most of the meetings 
in Great Britain. In her old age she was injured by a fall from 
her horse. Shed, iith mo. 14th, 1777, in her 88th year. (Her 
children, Benjamin and Ruth, are named in the Roberts Gene- 


The Cleaver Family of Gwynedd and Montgomery are the 
descendants of Peter Klever, one of the early German settlers at 


Germantown. He was, no doubt, one of the company that in- 
cluded the Shoemakers, the Lukenses, the Conrads, and others of 
the Quaker immigrants, who came from the lower Rhine, after 
the arrival of Pastorius and the earliest of the settlers. He is 
on the record as having been naturalized, as of Germantown, in 
1 69 1, and he died in Bristol (adjoining Germantown) in 1727, 
leaving children : Isaac, John, Peter, jr., Derrick, and Agnes, 
besides two married daughters, Christiana Melchior and Eve 
Adams. Isaac, the eldest son, had land in Cheltenham, and 
probably removed there ; John received his father's place in 
Bristol township, and had a family, including Elizabeth, Peter, 
William, Sarah, John, and Hannah ; while Peter Cleaver, jr., re- 
moved to Upper Dublin, and was there before 1734, as he is 
returned in the list of that year as the owner of 100 acres of 

This Peter Cleaver, jun., of Upper Dublin, is frequently men- 
tioned as a road juror, etc. His wife's name was Elizabeth. He 
died in 1776, and mentions in his will his sons John, Isaac, 
Ezekiel, Peter, and Nathan, and his daughter Elizabeth. The 
last married John Roberts, son of John, of Whitpain ; while her 
brother Nathan married Ruth Roberts, a daughter of John, and 
removed to Montgomery, where he bought 137 acres which 
had been part of the Isaac Jones property, in the extreme lower 
end of the township. His children were : Phoebe, who m. Aiiios 
Griffith ; David, Jonathan, who m. Ann Jones ; Nathan, jr., who 
m. Martha Shoemaker ; Salathiel, who m. Mary Shoemaker. 
(Of these sons Jonathan had one son, Elias, who m. Anne Acuff; 
Nathan had three children : David, Jesse, Rebecca ; and Sala- 
thiel had six children : Lydia, Nathan, Josiah, Daniel, Silas, John). 

Ezekiel Cleaver, named above (son of Peter, of Upper Dub- 
lin), m. Mary Lewis, dau. of Ellis Lewis, 2d, and his wife Mary. 


From this couple are descended another branch of the family, 
including Ezekiel, Solomon, and Ellis, all formerly well-known 
residents of Gwynedd, now deceased. 


John Jones, carpenter, of Montgomery, came into the town- 
ship from Merion, about 17 10. He married at Gwynedd meet- 
ing-house, 4th mo. 9, 17 1 3, Jane Edward, daughter of Edward 
Griffith. Both were valued members of the Society of fViends, 
and there are memorials of them by Gwynedd Monthly Meeting, 
— that of Jane Jones in the printed collection of 1787, and that 
of her husband unpublished. John Jones was a prominent, ac- 
tive, and valuable citizen, in his day. He owned a large property, 
including what in modern times has been two farms, lying in 
Montgomery, above the State road, along the Gwynedd line. 
His home was on the upper farm (formerly belonging to Edwin 
Moore), and part of the house is said to have been built by him 
with bricks which he made on the premises. 

This John Jones was the son of Rees John William, repeat- 
edly mentioned in this volume, and particularly described in the 
foot-note, p. 96. The record of Rees John's children, from Hav- 
erford m. m., shows that his son John was born 4th mo. 6, 1688. 
He was therefore 22 when he came to Montgomery, and 25 w^hen 
he was married. His children were : Hannah, who m. William 
Foulke ; Catharine, d. in infancy ; Margaret, b. 17 17, d. 1745 ; 
Priscilla, b. 1719, d. 1742, m. Evan Jones, of Merion ; Evaii (see 
below) ; Jesse (see below) ; Katharine, b. 1726, d. 1741 ; Jane, 
b. 1728, d. 1806 ; Benjamin, d. in childhood ; Ruth, d. in infancy. 
John Jones, carpenter, the father, d. 1 2th mo. 30, 1 774 ; his wife, 
Jane, had d. 5th mo. 14, 1757. 

Jesse, the son named above, probably removed to Bucking- 
ham. His wife's name was Mary. Their son Isaiah m., 1798, 


Elizabeth Watson, dau. of Thomas and Sarah, by whom he had 
three children : Ezra, Sarah, and Elizabeth ; and he appears to 
have married a second time, his wife being Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Wilson, by whom he had one son, Wilson. There 
are probably no male descendants of Jesse Jones now living. 

Evan Jones ^ of Montgomery, inherited his father's estate. 
He was b. 12th mo. 26, 1720, and d. 8th mo. 31, 1801. He m., 
1766, Hannah Lawrence, dau. of Henry, of Haverford, dec'd. 
Their children included : John, d. unm. ; Henry (see below) ; 
Hannah, d. unm. ; Evan (see below). Hannah, widow of Evan, 
sr., d. 1825. 

Henry Jones, named above, m. Jane Lewis, 1805, dau. of 
Amos and Eleanor, of Upper Dublin. He d. comparatively a 
young man, — loth mo. 19, 18 13. He left four children : Lewis, 
Clement, John L., and Henry. (Henry is the only one of these 
now living, and the only male representative of the family of 
John Jones, carpenter.) Henry Jones's house was the lower part 
the Montgomery estate, — now the Armstrong farm, on the State 
road. He died there, having built the buildings that now stand, 
— the house, barn, and wagon-house. The place was tenanted, 
after his death, by Jacob Zorns and Mathias Young, and in the 
spring of 1 82 1 his widow removed to her father's place at Three 
Tuns, in Upper Dublin. (Her father died in the autumn fol- 

Ei'an Jones, Jr., son of Evan, and brother of Henry just 
mentioned, was a conspicuous citizen. (See biographical sketch.) 
He was four times married : to Sarah Ely, dau. of William and 
Cynthia, of Buckingham ; to Lowry Miles (nee Eoulke), dau. of 
Caleb and Jane, of Gwynedd ; to Hannah Paul ; and to Mary 
Lukens. By his first wife he had two daughters who grew up : 
Jane, who m. Jonathan Maulsby, and Cynthia E., who m., ist. 


Dr. Evan Lester, of Richland, and 2d, Evan Green, of Colum- 
bia, Pa. By his second wife Evan Jones, jr., had one son, Owen, 
who d. 3 years old ; but of his children there was no issue except 
Evan Jones Lester, son of Cynthia, by her first hu.sband. 

Of Henry Jones's sons, Lewis m. Mary Livezey, who died 
1896, living on their homestead in Gwynedd, near the Upper 
Dublin line. They had no children. Clement m. late in life, 
but left no children. Henry m. Mary Y. Shoemaker (deceased 
1896) ; they had no issue. John L. m. Margaret, dau. of Ben- 
jamin and Anne Garrigues, and had several children, of whom 
but one now survives: Jane, m. to Dr. Franklin T. Haines, of 
Moorestown, N. J. 

Henry Jones's wife, as already mentioned, was Jane, daugh- 
ter of Amos Lewis. The first of the Lewis Family, in Upper 
Dublin, was Ellis, ist, who came from Merion. (He may have 
been of the same family as the Lewises of Montgomery town- 
ship, — see p. 300.) His wife's name was Anne. He purchased 
the property which is now (1896) Wilmer Atkinson's farm 
" North view," formerly John L. Jones's, and the adjoining farm, 
belonging to Mr. McCallum, formerly David L. Lukens's. He 
d. 1753, his wife surviving until 1756. Their children included 
£//ts (see below) ; Lewis, m. Anne Lord ; Jane, m. Enos Lewis, 
of Gwynedd ; Elizabeth, m. William Spencer. 

Ellis Lczvis, 2d, m. loth mo. 18, 1729, atAbington meeting- 
house, Mary Tyson, dau. of Matthias and Mary, of Abington. 
Mary Lewis, the wife, d. ist mo. 17, 1763, and Ellis m., 2d, 
Ellen Evans, dau. of John and Eleanor, of Gwynedd. (See p. 
168.) Ellis d. 1783, and his wife survived him. His children, 
all by his first wife, were 1 1 in number, of whom six died young. 
The others were: Ellis, jr., b. 1730, d. unm. 1759; Mary, m. 
Ezekiel Cleaver ; Ann, m. John Saunders ; John ; and Amos (see 


Amos Lewis was twice married. His wives were sisters, 
Eleanor and Rachel Hubbs, of Gwynedd, daughters of John and 
Jane (and nieces of Ellis Lewis, 2d's, second wife. See p. i68). 
Amos had by each wife one daughter : by his first wife he had 
Jane, who m. Henry Jones, of Montgomery, named above ; and 
by his second, Eleanor, who m. Jesse Lukens. From the latter 
marriage there is a large family : the Jones branch has been given 


The first of this Spencer family, in Pennsylvania, was probably 
Samuel, who came here from Barbadoes, and was no doubt of 
English descent. The tradition has always been that he was a 
sea captain, and that after bringing his family here, about 1700, 
he returned for one more voyage, and was lost (or died) at sea. 
How this tradition grew up it is hard to say, but documentary 
evidence shows its incorrectness. Samuel Spencer's will is on 
record in Philadelphia. It describes him as " late of Barbadoes, 
but now of the county of Philadelphia, merchant, being sick of 
body, but of good and perfect memory," [etc.]. This shows 
him to have been on land, and ill, at the date of the will, which 
was November 20, 1705, and as its probate was made a month 
later, December 20, 1705, it is evident that his decease closely 
followed its making, and that no voyage and death at sea could 
have occurred before probate. 

Samuel Spencer, as is known in various ways, left two sons, 
Samuel and William. These the will names : "I give and be- 
queath unto my eldest son, Samuel Spencer, i^20, to be paid unto 
him when he shall come to the age of 21 years, without any in- 
terest, [he] to be fitted with a good suit of cloaths fitt for such a 
lad, and to be forthwith sent to Barbadoes to his relacions there. 
I give and bequeath unto my son William Spencer, ^20," etc., etc. 


Of Samuel Spencer's " relacions," in Barbadoes, nothing defi- 
nite is known. Samuel Spencer's two sons were, as the will 
shows, minors when their father died/ Their mother, in all proba- 
bility, was previously deceased. She was the daughter of Robert 
Whitton, and her brother Richard is said to have reared the two 
boys, — Samuel not having been sent back to Barbadoes, at all. In 
1742, Richard Whitton, of Upper Dublin, yeoman, made his 
will, and after some bequests left to his "two cousins, \t. t\, 
nephews] Samuel Spencer and William Spencer," all his " lands, 
houses, tenements, and plantations," etc., — this being property in 
Upper Dublin. 

Samuel Spencer, 2d, m. 1723, Mary Dawes, dau. of Abraham 
and Edith, and their children were 13 in number, including 
Jacob, who m. Hannah Jarrett, whose sons John and Jarrett mar- 
ried respectively Lydia Foulke, of Gwynedd (see p. 252), and 
Hannah Evans, of Gwynedd (see p. 170). Jesse Spencer, of 
Penllyn, was John's son.^ 

Two other sons of Samuel Spencer, 2d, and Mary, were the 
following : 

1. Joseph, b. 2d mo. 21, 1726, m. Hannah Lukens, dau. of John, of 
Bristol [adj. Germantown]. This couple had one son, Samuel, who d. 
young. Joseph then m. Abigail Conrad, widow, (her maiden name West), 
and had one son, Nathan. This Nathan m. Rachel Pim, dau. of Thomas, 
of Chester county, and had children : Thomas P., Joseph, Sarah, Heph- 
ziba, Maria. 

2. John, b. 9th mo. i, 1731, m. Elizabeth Kirk, dau. of John and 
Sarah, and had 8 children. One of these was Sarah, who m. Jonathan 
Thomas, of Moreland, son of Mordecai and Elizabeth. Spencer Thomas 

1 They were in fact young children. Samuel was b. 8th mo. 22, 1699. William 
was b. nth mo. 1, 1701. (William m. Elizabeth Lewis, dau. of Ellis, ist, of Upper 
Dublin, and removed to Bucks county, where he has numerous descendants.) 

2 See Foulke Genealogy, p. 252, for details concerning Jesse Spencer. 


m. Hephziba Spencer, named above, — his second cousin. Their eldest 
daughter,' Anna Maria, m. 1841, Algernon S. Jenkins,' of Gwynedd. 


The Jenkins family of Gwynedd and neighboring townships 
are descended from Jenkin Jenkin, a Welshman, who came to 
this place in or about 1729. The family record in an old Welsh 
Bible which was formerly in possession of John Jenkins, of 
North Wales, shows the following : 

Jenkin Jenkins died September 15, 1745, aged 86 years. 
Mary Jenkins died November 27, 1764, aged 74. 
John Jenkins born February 15, 17 19. 

This, therefore, fixes the birth of Jenkin Jenkin in 1659, and 
of his wife in 1690. November 17, 1730, Jenkin Jenkin bought 
of Joseph Tucker land in Hatfield, 350 acres, "reaching from 
the Gwynedd line nearly or quite to the Cowpath road, and from 
the Montgomery line about to the road running from Lansdale 
to Colmar." On this he settled, and he was " of Hatfield," when 
he made his will in 1745. He had bought, in 1738, of the Pro- 
prietaries, the Penns, 357 acres of land on the Conestoga, in Earl 
township, Lancaster county, closely adjoining the Welsh settlers 
of Carnarvon and Brecknock, and as there were some named 
Jenkins among them, it is not unlikely that they may have been 
kinsmen, and that he may have come over from Wales with 
some of that company, — their arrival being about 1729, also. 
Jenkin Jenkin, at his death, left 4 children, as follows : 

1 Their other children were Sarah, Mordecai, Caroline, Lemuel, Elizabeth, Lydia, 
Jonathan, Mary, Hannah. Spencer Thomas was a prominent and esteemed citizen of 
Upper Dublin. 

2 Algernon S. Jenkins had issue by his ist wife one son: Howard M. ; by his 
2d wife, Alice A. Davis, one son : George Herbert. 


1. John, who received 150 acres of the Hatfield property, and half 
the Conestoga property. He was b. (as above), Feb. 15, 1719, in Wales, 
and m. Sarah Hawkesv/orth, dan. of Peter and Mary. (She was b. in 
1720, in England, and d. Jan. 16, 1794.) They had eight children. (See 

2. Mary, d. unm. 

3. Jenkin, jr., m. Thomas, He received by his father's will, 

200 acres in Hatfield, and a share in the Conestoga tract. He had four 
children : David, d. unm. ; Elizabeth, m. John Banes ; Hannah, d. unm. ; 
Eleanor, m. McPherson. 

4. Ehzabeth, m. John Hawkesworth, son of Peter and Mary ; and 
had seven children. 

JoJin Jenkins, named above, was the progenitor of all of this 
family who now bear the name, his brother Jenkin having no mar- 
ried son. John was a prominent and useful citizen. (He was the 
assessor of Gwynedd township, as mentioned in the 1776 tax- 
list.) He bought land in Gwynedd, in 1746, adjoining Lansdale. 
He died in 1803 (or 1804). His eight children were as follows : 

1. John, 2d, b. 1742, d. 1805, an officer in the Revolutionary army. 
He m. Elizabeth Lukens, wid. of Abraham, and had six children : Owen, 
m. Mary Tennis ; Sarah, m. Peter Hoxworth ; Jesse, m. Mary Aaron ; 
John, m. Ann Todd' ; Edward, m. Margaret Server^ ; Ehzabeth, m. 
Issacher Rhoads. 

2. Levi, m. Susan Shelve, and had 9 children, including Rev. John S. 
Jenkins, a prominent minister of the Baptist denomination ; and Levi, jr., 
who m. Sarah Smith and had 6 children, including Joseph S., Eder, John 
S., and Anne. 

3. Ann, m. Hugh Kousty. 

^ John, who m. Ann Todd, lived to extreme old age, dying at North Wales (at 
the house of his son-in-law, Abel Lukens), Oct. 5, 1880, in his 97th year. His children 
were Naomi, who m. Abel Lukens ; Charles T., m. Sarah Lukens ; Jane, m. Samuel ]. 
Rhoads; Ann T., m. Jacob B. Rhoads; Silas T., m. Eliza Morgan; John S., m. 
Eliza Stover ; Milton, m. Sarah Ellis. 

2 Edward, b. May 9, 1786, d. Jan. 29, 1872 ; and had issue : Philip S., m. Hannah 
Zieber ; Mary Ann, m. Chas. D. Matthews ; Charles S., m. Tacy Styer. 


4. Edward, b. July, 12, 1758, d. 1829, m. Sarah Foulke, dau. of 
Theophilus (see Foulke Genealogy), and had 6 children : Charles F., m. 
Mary Lancaster' ; Ann, d. unm. ; Jesse,'' m. Mary R. Ambler ; Margaret, 
m. Peter C. Evans ; Rachel, ni. Meredith Conard ; Caleb, died a lad. 

5. Jesse, born 1760, d. 1794, unm. 

6. Elizabeth, m. Owen Hughes, and had 8 children. 

7. Mary, m. Peter Wentz, and had 7 children. 

8. Sarah, m. Isaac Lewis, and had 3 children. (See details about 
Isaac Lewis, p. 362.) 


Peter Hawksworths and his wife Mary came from England 
about 1730, and settled in Hatfield. Peter died between Febru- 
ary 26, 1767, and March 22, 1769, — these being the dates of 
making and proving his will. His wife died soon after. They 
are said to have been buried at St. Thomas's churchyard, White- 
marsh. Their children were 6 in number, including Edward, 
Ann, and Rachel, of whom nothing further is known, and the 
following : 

1. Sarah, m. John Jenkins, the elder. (See preceding section.) 

2. John, m. Elizabeth Jenkins (sister of John, just named), dau. of 
Jenkin and Mary, and had 7 children : Mary, m. Zachariah Clawson ; 
Edward, m. Mary Hoxworth (see below) ; John, d. unm. ; EHzabeth, m. 
Henry Newberry ; Ann, m. C. Wells ; Sarah, m. Kenneth Makenzie ; and 
"Colonel" Peter, who m. Sarah Jenkins. (See below.) y^^/m bought 
land, in 1 76 1 , located in Hatfield, from his father, and d. aged 44, early 
in the Revolution. He had been a soldier in the French and Indian War, 

1 Chas. F. and Mary had 7 children, of whom 5 d. young. The others were 
Algernon S. (d. 1890), who m. Anna Maria Thomas, and Alice A. Davis ; and William 
H., (d. 1896), whom. Catharine Hallowell. 

2 Jesse removed to Peoria county, 111., in 1840, and died there at a very advanced 
age. Of his children, Albanus married and has children. 

^ The spelling of the name in England was probably Hawkesworth. It became 
changed, here, first to Hawksworth, and then to Hoxworth. 


and served in the Revolutionary army, but was taken sick and died, 
while so engaged. 

3. Peter, who was twice married. By his first wife he had 7 children. 
His second wife was Ann Wentz, dau. of Peter and Mary (Jenkins) Wentz, 
by whom he had 4 children. 

Edward Hoxworth, above (son of John and Elizabeth), 
lived in Hatfield. He was b. Sept. 22, 1760, and d. Jan. 11, 1847. 
He entered the Revolutionary army when only i 5 years old, and 
served throughout the war. He received a pension to the end 
of his life. He was a member of the company of which John 
Jenkins, 2d, was a lieutenant. " He was a small-built man, but 
exceedingly lithe and active. In his younger days he would leap 
over an ordinary-sized horse without touching." His wife, 
Mary(b. 1760, d. 1823), was the dau. of Peter (No. 3 above), and 
therefore first cousin to her husband. They had 9 children, as 
follows : 

1. Ann, m. Benjamin Krupp ; 2 children. 

2. Ellen, m. Benjamin Kulp ; 8 children. 

3. John, m. '— Smith. 

4. Israel, m. Mary Slough ; 7 children. 

5. Mary, m. Robert Gordon ; 7 children. 

6. Margaret, d. unmarried. 

7. Edward, m. C. Nonnemacher ; 3 children. 

8. Elizabeth, m. B. F. Hancock (see below). 

9. Sarah, m. Jesse Godshalk ; 9 children. 

" Col." Peter Hoxworth, of Hatfield, b. Jan. 16, 1776, d. Nov. 
II, 1850, m. Sarah Jenkins, dau. of John, 2d, and Elizabeth. He 
was an officer in the war of 18 12, and subsequently a colonel 
of Pennsylvania militia. For many years he was a justice of 
the peace, and he was also director of the poor, of Montgomery 
county. He had eight children : Elizabeth, m. Henry Lukens ; 
Ann, m. John S. Cliffton ; John J., m. D. Swartz ; Owen, d. unm ; 


Enos L., m. Ann Mattis ; Matilda, m. B. A. Morris ; Mary, m. J. 
Santman ; William J.,^ m. Catharine A. Biery. 

Elizabeth Hoxworth (No. 8, above), daughter of Edward and 
Mary, b. December 8, i8oi, d. January 25, 1879, m. Benjamin F. 
Hancock. Their children were Winfield Scott and Hilary Baker 
(twins), b. Feb. 14, 1824, and John, b. March 23, 1830, m. Au- 
gusta Camp, and has issue 1 1 children. (Biographical notices of 
Gen. Hancock and his father will be found in the next chapter.) 


The Castner Family are descended from Paul Kastner, who 
was one of the early German, or Hollandish, settlers at German- 
town. He is named with Peter Klever in the naturalization list 
of 1 69 1, and was a Friend, as in 1692 he was one of those who 
signed the testification of the Yearly Meeting against George 
Keith. He d. in 17 17, and his will is on record in Philadelphia, 
witnessed by Francis Daniel Pastorius. 

Jacob Castner, who may have been a son, or grandson, of 
Paul, was a resident of Upper Dublin, in 1754. He d. between 
December, 1763, and February 26, 1767, and in his will men- 
tions his wife Ann, daughters Sarah and Elizabeth, and sons 
Samuel, Andrew, and George. The will shows that he had one 
tract of 81 acaes of land, in Gwynedd, which he had bought of 
Robert Combs, and another of 2 1 , in Gwynedd, bought of Cath- 
arine Jones, while he lived on a tract of 299 acres in Upper 
Dublin, adjoining Ellis Lewis, and he had also lOO acres in East 
Nottingham, Chester county, purchased of George Churchman. 

1 To William J. Hoxworth, late of Macungie, Lehigh county, I am indebted for 
all the details concerning this family, and also for many of those relating to the Jenkins 
Family. (William J., b. Oct. 6, 1821, m. Catharine A. Biery, and has issue : Mary 
Ella, Emilie A., Lewis C. (d.), Charles H., William A. (d.), Sarah G., John S. (d.). 


The main tract of the Gwynedd land, which he left to Sarah 
and Samuel, lay below the Spring-House, on the road to the Three 
Tons, including what was recently the Wm. Smith farm. The 
Upper Dublin tract he left chiefly to Andrew, and this included 
the old Siddons place, now or recently Malachi Stout's. The 
Chester county property he left to " Daniel and Susanna, the 
children of my son Jacob, deceased." 

Samuel Castner lived on the Gwynedd place,' and d. there 
Feb. 22, 1806. His estate was settled by David Lukens and 
Amos Lewis, executors. He left a legacy of ^8 in Pennsylva- 
nia money to Gwynedd meeting. His brother Andrew had died 
a few years earlier, — about 1796 or '97. His estate was settled 
by Cadwalader Evans, jr., and Amos Lewis, ex'rs. 

George Kastner (who may have been the son named in 
Jacob's will) was in Whitpain, in 1734, and had 200 acres of 
land. His will was made April 27, 1776, and proved Oct. 19 of 
the same year. His wife was Ehzabeth ; he mentions his son 
Thomas, dec'd, and his (Thomas's) widow, and daughter Marga- 
ret. He also mentions his grandchildren named Conrad, and 
other grandchildren named Ottinger, his sons-in-law Thomas 
Mee, Lewis Jones, Philip Richardson, and William Streeper, — 
the last deceased. He leaves his six daughters, Mary, Magda- 
lene, Elizabeth, Hannah, Lydia, and Margaret, residuary legatees. 

Samuel Castner, of Gwynedd (grandfather of Jesse, recently 
deceased), lived on the Swedes' Ford road, where George W. 
Castner) his great-grandson) recently lived. He was b. June 4, 
1737, and d. November 5, 1833. His dau. Elizabeth m. Nathan 
Chapin, who was a teacher in Philadelphia. Their son, William 

1 Henry Jones says it was the tradition that he gave his property away (perhaps to 
his family), on condition that they should build him " a httle house by the big spring," 
near the main dwelling, and in this little house he ended his hfe. Traces of it, near 
the spring, were visible fifty years ago. 


Chapin, was for many years principal of the Institution for the 
Blind, in Philadelphia.^ 

Jesse Castner, the elder, a son of Samuel, m. Margaret 
Rhodes, dau. of Ezekiel, of Norriton. (The ceremony, January, 
I795> before Esq. Frederick Conrad.) The Gwynedd monthly 
meeting records show the birth of their children : Melinda, b. 
5th mo. 8, 1796 ; Charles, b. loth mo. 25, 1798 ; Mary, b. 12th 
mo. 5, 1800 ; Rachel, b. nth mo. 7, 1803 ; Margaret, b. 5th mo. 
19, 1805 j Anne, b. loth mo. 19, 1806. The records also show 
the death of Margaret, wife of Jesse, in 1809 (two dates given : 
8th mo. 30, and loth mo. 31). Jesse m. a second time, and had 
one son, Jesse, jr., of Gwynedd, the father of Conrad S., and 
George W., both now well-known citizens of Gwynedd. 


Besides the members of the Roberts Family of whom details 
have been given in Chapter XIV., there were several others living 
in Gwynedd, named Roberts, but of a different family. Owen Rob- 
erts, tailor, whose daughter Lydia m. Benjamin Mendenhall, lived 
below Penllyn, having bought in 17 14 the lower William John 
tract, of his (W. J.'s) daughters, Gaynor, Ellen, and Catharine. 
Besides his daughter Lydia, he had a son, — and possibly other 

Ellis Roberts had also two brothers, John and William, 
William m. Mary Pugh, widow of Ellis Pugh, jr., and daughter 
of Owen Evans. She d. 1748, and he before her. Her will 
mentions two daughters of her son Ellis Roberts. 

^ His son, Dr. John B. Chapin, for many years physician in charge of the great 
Willard Insane Hospital in New York State, is now in charge of the Pennsylvania Hos- 
pital for the Insane, in Philadelphia. 


John Roberts, the other brother of Ellis, d. in 1725, leaving 
his wife Ellinor and brother Ellis his executors. His will men- 
tions no children. His widow, Ellinor, d. the .same year. They 
probably had no children, as none are mentioned in cither's will. 

There was still another Roberts family in Gwynedd, making 
a third. Edward Roberts was the first of this line who appears 
here. He d. 1748-49, "being old and far advanced in years." 
His son Robert m. Jane Evans, dau. of Robert Evans, of Merion, 
and their son was Amos Roberts, who was the father of George 
Roberts, who owned the old Robert Evans place (now Silas 
White's). Edward Roberts's wife was Ann, and she was living 
when he made his will, October 3, 1748. His daughter Margaret 
m. Hugh Evans, and afterward Robert Jones, of Merion. His 
dausfhter Gainor was the first wife of Edward Foulke. 


The name Robert John, or Robert Jones, was the possession 
of several different persons within the scope of this history. One 
of these was "of Merion," and d. 1746. (He was the son of 
John ap Thomas, and the father of Robert Jones, 2d, who m. 
Catharine Evans, Hugh's widow.) 

Robert John, repeatedly alluded to in this volume, owned 
the land where North Wales now is, and d. 1732. 

Another Robert Jones, of Gwynedd, m., 17 17, Ann Coulston, 
dau. of William, of Plymouth. He afterward became of Worces- 
ter, and d. there, 6th mo. 24, 1773.' He was born in Denbigh- 
shire, Wales, loth mo. 9, 1690, and his wife, Ann, was b. in 

' His family Bible came into the possession of Watson Ambler, of East Bradford, 
Chester Co., in 1869. This Bible (printed in Dublin, 1714), an entry in it says, R. J. 
"bought of Cadwallader Foulke, in Philadelphia, the 4th day of the islh mo., 1732, 
and paid two pounds, being the price thereof. Also paid 20 shillings more for binding 
and brassing of clasps since I bought it. 1762." 


Yorkshire, England, "near Moor Land," 8th mo. i8, 1695. » 
Their children were William, Margaret, Ann, m. Jacob Bell ; 

Elizabeth, Robert, Josiah, Grace, m. Jones, and Owen 

Thomas ; Hannah, m. Prichard ; Enos. Ann, the mother, 

d. 4th mo. 21, 1772. 

Still another Robert Jones, " of Gwynedd, cordwainer," d. 
1745, probably unmarried. He left bequests to his cousin John 
Evans, to his cousin Elizabeth Evans, wife of Thomas, his 
cousin Owen Evans, son of Thomas ; to Edward, Thomas, 
Griffith, and John Evans, sons of Thomas ; to Cousin Peter 
Evans, to cousin Thomas Griffith, to his cousins, the children of 
Joseph Williams, etc. 

» As she was the daughter of William Coulslon, of Plymouth, this fixes the place 
whence he came. 


Biographical Notices. 

Doctor Cadwalader Evans. 

HE was born at Gvvynedd, in 17 16, the son of the first John 
Evans and his wife, Eleanor. Contemporary accounts 
present him as one of the most eminent professional men of his 
day. He studied medicine under the direction of the famous Dr. 
Thomas Bond, of Philadelphia, and afterward at the University 
of Edinburgh, and in London, when, returning to Philadelphia, 
he settled there, and soon enjoyed a large practice. He became 
a friend and correspondent of Franklin, and was deeply interested 
in scientific and philanthropic work. (He was elected a member 
of the American Philosophical Society, in 1767. In 1770-71, 
he appears among the managers of the " society for the cultiva- 
tion of silk.") He married, January 22, 1760, Jane Owen, 
daughter of Owen Owen, of Philadelphia, but had no children. 
His wife died 1768. A paragraph in the Pennsylvania Gazette, 
of March 17th, in that year, says : 

Yesterday se'ennight died Mrs. Jane Evans, the wife of Dr. Cadwala- 
der Evans, of this city, much respected and lamented by all who knew her. 
[The funeral was large ; her remains interred at the Friends' burial ground 
in this city.] 

And the same journal, July 7, 1773, has the following obitu- 
ary paragraph : 

On the 30th of last month died, beloved and lamented, in the 57th 
year of his age, Dr. Cadwalader Evans, one of the Physicians of the 
Philadelphia Hospital, after a lingering Illness, which he sustained with that 


Composure and Resignation of Mind which are a certain Evidence 
and a happy Consequence of having filled the Sphere of Life allotted to 

him with Rectitude and Integrity He was justly esteemed 

an eminent, candid, and successful Physician ; his knowledge was deep 
and liberal, his Principles rational, improved by an extensive Practice, a 

diligent Observation, and a penetrating Judgment In his 

Sentiments he was hberal, in Argument solid, acute, and facetious, but 
above all in his Friendships he was ardent, steady, and sincere. 

His Remains were interred in Friends' Burying Ground at North 
Wales, amongst many others of his ancient and worthy Family, attended 
by a large Number of respectable People, both from the City and Country. 

In his will, dated January 24, 1773, and probated July 17, he 
appoints Abel James and Owen Biddle, merchants, of Philadel- 
phia, and his brothers Rowland and John Evans, executors ; 
who are to sell all his property, real and personal, not specially 
devised. " I give all my plate, which belonged to my late dear 
wife Jane, unto her beloved niece, Ann Biddle, the wife of John 
Biddle. I give the China Jarrs, which was my said dear wife's, 
to the daughters of the said John Biddle, and Ann Morris, the 

daughter of Tacy Forbes I direct my said 

Executors to have made two silver pint canns and a silver 
Cream Jugg, one of the said Canns and cream jugg I give to my 
sister Margaret Williams, and the other of them I give to my 
sister Eleanor Lewis." The residue of his property he divides 
into four parts, one for his brother Rowland, one for his brother 
John, one for his sister Elizabeth, and the fourth in trust for his 
sister, Jane Hubbs, and after her death, for her three daughters, 
Rachel, Ellinor, and Mary. 

J oil) I Evans (^Second). 
The second John Evans, of Gv/ynedd, called John " the 
elder," is thus described by the late Joseph Foulke : 

"Among the remarkable persons that I recollect in those 


early days [about 1800] was John Evans, the elder. He was a tall, 
spare person, with a long visage, and very wrinkled face. He 
carried a smooth cane, with a carved head and natural curve. 
He wore loops in his hat, with the rim slightly turned up behind 
and at the two sides. He and two or three others of Gwynedd 
were among the first who took a firm stand against the use of 
ardent spirits. They banished it from their houses and harvest 
fields, though in the face of great difficulties. One of the last 
meetings that John Evans attended, he spoke on this subject, 
saying that ' where he had endeavored most he had effected 
least,' but urging his hearers to persevere." 

Roiulaiid Evans. 
Rowland Evans (b. 1718, d. 1789), son of John and Eleanor, 
of Gwynedd, and brother to Dr. Cadwalader, was prominent in 
public affairs for many years. He was appointed a justice of the 
peace in 1749, 1752, 1757, and 1761. He was a member of the 
Provincial Assembly for Philadelphia County in 1761, and from 
that year on to 1771, inclusive (except 1764). His residence was 
first in Gwynedd, and in 1760 he owned part of his father's tract. 
At a later date (as early as 1766) he removed to Providence, and 
he was in business there for a number of years. The Philadelphia 
Gazette, June 30, 1784, contains his card, announcing that he 
" has lately removed from his former Residence in Providence 
Township, Philadelphia County," and that he is prepared to draw 
" Deeds, mortgages, articles of agreement, and other instruments 
of writing, at his house on the east side of Fourth street, a few 
doors below Race street." September 14, 1785, he was appointed 
one of the Commissioners of the General Loan Office of Penn- 
sylvania, and he held this place until his death, August 8, 1789. 
Like his brother Cadwalader, he took an interest in scientific 
study, and he was elected a member of the "American Society 


for the Promotion of Useful Knowledge," which was united with 
the American Philosophical Society in 1 769. The Pennsylvania 
Gazette of Wednesday, August 19, 1789, contained the following 
notice : 

On Saturday se'ennight died Rowland Evans, Esquire, of this city, in 
the seventy-second year of his age. Previous to the revolution this gentle- 
man was for many years a member of the Legislature and a Justice of the 
Peace, both of which he filled with great ability, dignity, and applause. 
And since the conclusion of the war, he was appointed one of the Trustees 
of the general loan office of this commonwealth, which he held to the time 
of his death, and on Sunday following a great assemblage of people 
attended at the deposit of his remains in the Quakers' burial ground in 
this place [Philadelphia] . 

Cadzvalader Evans, junior. 

Cadwalader Evans, jr., was the son of John and Margaret. 
He was born at Gwynedd, December 25, 1762, resided there 
until 18 12, when he removed to Philadelphia, and died in the 
city, in 1841. He received a good education, and with unusual 
energy and mental vigor, made his mark early. He was trained 
as a surveyor, and for many years, in his own neighborhood and 
elsewhere, followed his profession with success. In the mature 
and later years of his life he performed important work in sur- 
veying in distant parts of the State, especially the western coun- 
ties. In 1790 he was first elected to the Legislature, and he 
then entered upon a lengthened career as a member of the 
House. He was chosen continuously from Montgomery county 
for nine years, — 1790 to 1798 inclusive, — his colleagues includ- 
ing James Vaux, Jonathan Roberts, Nathaniel B. Boileau, Fred- 
erick Conrad, and other prominent and able men. Among these, 
though he was under thirty when first elected, he at once took a 
prominent part, being placed on important committees in his 


first year ; his name appears in many places in the House jour- 
nal coupled with that of Albert Gallatin, and others of the most 
distinguished members in that period. In 1798, the last year 
the Legislature met in Philadelphia, he was unanimously chosen 
Speaker of the House. Again in 1802, and in 1805, he was 
elected from Montgomery county, and in 18 14, after his removal 
to Philadelphia, he was elected one of the city members. 

In 1 8 16 he sold the old family homestead in Gwynedd to 
Charles Willing Hare, Esq., of Philadelphia. He was one of 
the local directors of the Bank of the United States, after its re- 
charter in 1 8 16. In 18 1 3 he had been among the first to ac- 
tively urge the construction of a canal along the Schuylkill, from 
Philadelphia to the coal regions, and he was elected the first 
president of the Schuylkill Navigation Company, and served in 
that capacity for many years. In 1830, when, on account of 
advancing age, he resigned the presidency, the stockholders, at 
their annual meeting, voted that he should be presented a silver 
vase as a testimonial of their high appreciation of his services. 
Joseph Foulke, in his manuscript Reminiscences, furnished the 
author, says of C. E. : 

He began his distinguished career about the i8th or 19th year of his 
age. One of his first engagements was surveying for the road jury, and 
laying out what is now called the " lower State road," at least the western 
section of it terminating in what is now the Bethlehem turnpike. This was 
in 1786. He was a man of quick and clear perception, of ready utterance, 
and a powerful disputant ; he was eminently gifted in conveyancing, and 
in drawing instruments of writing. . . . The last office he 

filled, I think, was one of the electors that made Gen. Harrison President, 
in 1840. As a surveyor in old time, though a young man, he stood high, 
and great confidence was reposed in him. He, Robert Loller, and Archi- 
bald Mc Clean did most of the surveying in our parts until about 1807, 
when Cadwalader Foulke came to Gwynedd and took a large portion 
of the business. 


Samuel Medary. 

The prominence of Mr. Medary, for many years, in the 
political affairs of the State of Ohio, and the several important 
pubHc places which he held, entitle him, no doubt, to be regarded 
as one of the most distinguished men born in Gwynedd or 
Montgomery. He was born near Montgomery Square, in 1801. 
His father, Jacob Medary, was a farmer, in very moderate circum- 
stances, who lived in Montgomery township for a number of years.' 
The son's education, such as it was, was obtained at the free 
school at Montgomery Square. About 1819-20, says his old 
friend, William Chapin, " when I first made his acquaintance, he 
was teaching the school at Gwynedd meeting. He was fond of 
reading, and eagerly went through the newspapers at Edward 
Jenkins's store. The identity of the different writers awakened 
his curiosity, and aroused his desire to write, too. I encouraged 
him to try, and he did so, sending his first article to David 
Sower, at Norristown, for insertion in the Herald, over the signa- 
ture ' Sylvanus.' Much to his gratification, and somewhat to his 
surprise, it was promptly printed, and he then wrote frequently, 
sometimes contributing poetry over the signature of 'Arion.' " 

About 1822, he left Gwynedd for the South, going to Mont- 
gomery county, Va. There he married, and later determined to 
try his fortunes in the West. On his way down the Ohio river, 
by advice of a fellow passenger on the steamboat, he determined 
to settle in Ohio. (" He came to Clermont county," says his 
daughter, Mrs. Nevins, " in 1826.") He soon became conspicu- 
ous by his writing, and speaking at political meetings, strongly 

' In April, 1820, as appears by an old document among the Cadwallader Foulke 
papers, he was in Gwynedd, a tenant on George Ingels" farm (now Mumbower's mill 
and W. M. Smgerly's), and his goods were levied on by Constable George Neavel 
upon a landlord's warrant issued by Esq. Giffin, to satisfy Ingels' claim for a year's 
rent, ^275, and also another execution for debt. The sale was stayed, upon an arrange- 
ment by which an assignment was made to Cadwallader Foulke and others. 


maintaining the Democratic cause, as represented by General 
Jackson. He presently established a small newspaper called the 
Ohio Sun ; in 183 i he was elected to the Legislature, serving for 
two terms as Senator. He was now one of the most prominent 
among the younger Democratic leaders of the State. " Mr. 
[Samuel J.] Tilden said to me not long ago," says Mrs. Nevins, 
in a letter, 1883, "that though my father was several years his 
senior, they were both very young men during the administration 
of President Jackson, and that they met at his table at the White 
House, both being enthusiastic admirers, and in a vcva,n\\Q.x proteges^ 
of that remarkable man." 

In 1837 he removed to Columbus, the capital of the State, 
and purchased (or established ?) the Statesman, which under his 
direction became the leading party newspaper, through which he 
exercised for years a commanding influence. As part of his re- 
ward, his party made him State Printer, and in 1853 President 
Pierce offered him the post of minister to Chili, but this he de- 
clined. Later, President Buchanan appointed him Governor of 
the Territory of Minnesota, and he served as such a brief term. 
When Minnesota became a State, and was admitted to the Union, 
1858, the President transferred him to Kansas, as Governor of 
that then distracted Territory. He there remained until i860, 
and then returned to Columbus, where he established Tlie Crisis, 
and conducted it until his death, November 2, 1864. The cause 
of his death (says his daughter) was obscure. He had been one 
of those who appeared to be poisoned at the National Hotel, in 
Washington, at the time of Mr. Buchanan's inauguration, in 1857, 
and he never appeared entirely well after that mysterious occur- 

Mr. Medary had twelve children, most of whom survived 
him. These were : Virginia (Mrs. Wilson) ; Sara (Mrs. Massey) ; 


Kate (Mrs. Blair) ; Louise (Mrs. Smith, who died in 1861) ; 
Missouri, who died in infancy ; Samuel Adams ; Flora (Mrs. 
Nevins) ; Charles Stewart, William Allen, Frederick Henry, who 
died in July, 1883 ; Laura Willey, and Jacob. 

" When General Hancock was appointed a cadet at West 
Point, in 1840," says Mrs. Nevins, "my father was one of the 
Board of Visitors, and the General has told me that when he ar- 
rived there with his father, the latter took him to see his old 
friend, my father, before presenting him to the officers of the 

'Squire Jolin Roberts. 

'Squire John Roberts, born in 1750, was for many years one 
of the most conspicuous figures in Montgomery and Gwynedd. 
I have already mentioned his store-keeping at Spring- House. 
After selling out there he removed to his Montgomery farm, 
where he permanently remained. He had been appointed a 
justice of the peace, in 1 791, by Governor Mifflin, his commis- 
sion authorizing him to act for the townships of Hatfield, Mont- 
gomery, and Gwynedd, and he continued to act in that capacity 
until his death, which occurred June 17, 1823. He was a man 
of very considerable force and energy, a marked character in 
whatever he undertook. Samuel Aaron, afterwards the distin- 
guished preacher and teacher, was "brought up" by him, and 
so was Benjamin F. Hancock. "Tom Wolf," afterward Dr. 
Antrim Foulke's faithful servitor, lived with him. He is remem- 
bered by one of the older Friends, now surviving, as coming to 
Gwynedd Meeting occasionally, in winter time, in his sleigh, a 
tall man, dressed in gray. He transacted a large amount of 
business, including the settlement of estates, etc. His executors 
were Cadwallader Foulke and William Foulke, and a very serious 
part of their duty was the settlement of his ownership of a tract 


of 75 I acres on Bentley's creek, Bradford county, near Towanda. 
'Squire John had bought it, in i8o8, of James Chapman, who 
held under a Pennsylvania patent, but the lands were occupied 
by settlers under the Connecticut claim, and the 'Squire was 
obliged in 1815 to establish his rights by suits of ejectment. It 
was not until 1830, seven years after his death, that the business 
was concluded. He was never married ; his estate, after some 
bequests, went to collateral heirs. 

'Squire Job Roberts. 
Job Roberts, who was seven years younger than 'Squire 
John, but who survived to a much greater age, was also a man 
of marked character. He was born, lived, and died in Whitpain, 
but close to the Gwynedd line, and for many years he was one of 
the most conspicuous figures in the business and social circles of 
Gwynedd. Born March 23, 1757, he d. August 20, 185 1, hav- 
ing passed nearly half of his 95th year. Early in life he showed 
both mechanical and agricultural enterprise. He did much to 
improve the methods of farming, planted hedges, introduced the 
feeding of green fodder to cattle, instead of grazing, built a barn 
which was enormously large, according to the usual standard, 
but which he soon had full of crops, and introduced, almost if 
not quite as early as Judge Peters, the use of gypsum, or land 
plaster. In a volume which he published in 1804, called " The 
Pennsylvania Farmer," he said he had raised from 10 acres of 
land 565 bushels of wheat; and afterward, about 1820, as he 
stated to the late Hon. Job R. Tyson, he secured 360 bushels 
from a lot of 6 acres. He was one of the first in Pennsylvania 
to introduce and breed Merino sheep, and during the movement 
to establish the manufacture of silk he was one of its most zeal- 
ous promoters, " Various articles of his silk manufacture, such 
as cloth, stockings, and other parts of dress," were still in exist- 


ence, in 1856, of a date as far back as the Revolution. In 1780 
he drove to Gwynedd Meeting in a carriage of his own manufac- 
ture, and this, it is said, was the only carriage then, and for 25 
years after, seen at that meeting. 

In 1 79 1, Gov. Mifflin appointed him a justice of the peace, 
and he continued as such until 1820, when he resigned. He dis- 
played in that office a judgment and discretion so remarkable 
that he was widely known, much consulted, and generally es- 
teemed. Altogether, his learning, his enterprise, his abilities, 
and his fine character made him a notable figure of his time.' 
Cadzvcdlader Foiilkc. 

Though born at Richland, Cadwallader Foulke spent twenty- 
five years of his mature life in Gwynedd, and died there. He 
was, besides his primary occupation of farmer, a surveyor and 
conveyancer, and in the pursuance of these occupations he went 
in all directions into the neighboring, and even distant, town- 
ships of the county for many years. Few men of business were 
better known in this section, and few had so high a reputation 
for exactness, intelligence, and good judgment within the line of 
his undertakings. His surveys were carefully made ; and his 
drafts, many of which are still in existence, are found to be valu- 
able whenever consulted.^ He was the son of Samuel and Ann 
Foulke, and was born 7th mo. 14, 1765. He died 3d mo. 22, 
1830. He was apprenticed in his youth to Edward Ambler, of 

'In 1856, Hon Job R. Tyson read before the Montgomery Co. Agricultural So- 
ciety an elaborate biography of Job Roberts, which was printed, nearly in full, in the 
Germantown Telegraph, of December 17th, in that year. Mr. Tyson's address has 
furnished the material for most if not all of the published sketches of 'Squire Job's life. 

* Esq. John C. Boorse, of Towamencin, in a communication to the North Wales 
Record, April, 1884, said he had followed in his surveys many drafts made by Cadw. 
Foulke, and had always found them unusually satisfactory and accurate. "It appears 
that he always must have had his chain correct, and his compass in proper adjustment, 
and noting all the variations." 


Montgomery, to learn weaving, and in 1792 he married his first 
cousin, Margaret Foulke, daughter of Theophilus. As such a 
marriage was against the rule of Friends, it was not accom- 
plished "according to the order of the Society," but in the pres- 
ence of his cousin Theophilus Foulke, a justice of the peace, and 
subsequently Richland Meeting had the case up as a matter of 
discipline for some time. Cadwallader, however, continued a 
Friend, and he was a valuable member at Gwynedd. At his 
death he left to his son Franklin Foulke's charge a large collec- 
tion of business papers, including his own accumulations, and 
many from the estate of 'Squire John Roberts and others, and 
these, which ultimately came into the hands of Algernon S. 
Jenkins (one of the executors of Franklin Foulke), have been of 
much use in compiling the facts stated in this volume. 

Charles Roberts. 
He was the son of Joseph, of Montgomery, and was born at 
the old homestead (" White Cottage Farm ") July 26, 1784. The 
death of his father threw him at an early age upon his own 
resources, and he turned his attention to the occupation of 
teaching. After having charge of schools in Whitemarsh (1799), 
at Buckingham (i 800-02), at Springfield, N. J. (i 803), and attend- 
ing Westtown school for six months (1802—03), he went to 
Philadelphia, where, in 1805, he took charge of the Pine Street 
Friends' School. This he conducted with much success until 
1 8 18, meantime applying himself with diligence to the improve- 
ment of his own education. In 1822 he was elected a member 
of the Legislature from Philadelphia, and served one term. He 
became identified with many benevolent and business under- 
takings. He was one of the original directors of the Franklin 
Fire Insurance Co., a director of the Ridge Turnpike Co., a 
director of the House of Refuge, a member and treasurer of the 


Board of Guardians of the Poor, for many years a manager of 
the Pennsylvania Hospital, a manager of the Pennsylvania Co. 
for Insurances on Lives, etc., etc. Having married, in 1810, 
Hannah, the daughter of Solomon White, a successful merchant, 
he was much engaged in the oversight of property, the adjust- 
ment of business, etc., in addition to the engagements already 
noted. In person he was a tall and robust man, " fully six feet 
high, and of very strong bodily frame." He had his stature at 
sixteen, and from that age, he said in after life, he supported 
himself Among his strong characteristics, says a memoir by a 
member of his family, were his particular and methodical habits, 
his excellent health, his regular and temperate order of life, his 
integrity and uprightness, his rule " not a dollar for extravagance 
or dissipation," and his method, " without haste, without rest." 
He died in Philadelphia, July 9, 1845. 

Joseph Roberts. 
Joseph Roberts, brother of Charles above, was born at Mont- 
gomery, March 22, 1793, and went some years after his brother, 
to Philadelphia, where he engaged in teaching in the Friends' 
schools. In 1822-3-4 he had charge of the William Penn Char- 
ter School. A reference to the lists of those who sent their sons 
to him shows many of the most prominent citizens of that time 
— Wm. Rawle, Chas. J. Ingersoll, Francis Gurney Smith, Thomas 
P. Cope, Horace Binney, and others, his students including 
Horace Binney, Jr., Alfred Cope, Henry Reed, John A. Dahl- 
gren, and others who became distinguished men. He was 
deeply interested in scientific matters, and corresponded with 
Bowditch, and others of kindred tastes. He was a member of 
the American Philosophical Society, and he received in 1829 the 
honorary degree of A. M. from the University of Pennsylvania. 
He died August 25, 1835, unmarried. 


Benjamin F. Hancock. 

He was bom in Philadelphia, the son of Richard and Anna 
Maria, October 19, 1800. Richard Hancock, the father, a sea- 
faring man, was one of those seized by the Ikitish upon the pre- 
text that he was an English subject, and he was for some time 
confined in Dartmoor prison ; later, having returned home, he 
went on another voyage, and died of ship fever at sea. Mean- 
while, his wife, left in low circumstances, placed her son Benja- 
min with 'Squire John Roberts, at Montgomery, and he was 
brought up there. He married Elizabeth Hoxworth, daughter 
of Edward and Mary, and while he was teaching " the free 
school " at Montgomery Square, in 1824, his twin sons, Winfield 
S. and Hilary B., were born. He had been occupying his leisure 
time with the reading of law, and having completed his studies 
under the direction of Hon. John Freedley, and removed to 
Norristown, he was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county 
in 1828. He there continued to reside until his death, February 
I, 1867. He was prominent in his profession, but not aspiring, 
and he held no public position of distinction. For twenty or 
more years he was one of the directors of the public schools of 
Norristown, and from 1866 to his death, he served as U. S. Col- 
lector of Internal Revenues. Early in the term of his residence 
at Norristown he was for some time district attorney of Mont- 
gomery county, by the Governor's appointment. His remains 
are interred in the Montgomery Cemetery at Norristown, with 
those of his wife. 

Joseph Foulkc. 

Amongst the community of the Friends, at Gwynedd, the 
most conspicuous figure, for many years, was Joseph Foulke. 
He was born there. May 22, 1786. In 1817, he appeared as a 


minister, and was admitted a member of the meeting of minis- 
ters and elders in 1821, after which he continued in the ministry 
to the end of his life, more than forty years. He made numer- 
ous visits to distant meetings, including those in New Jersey, 
New York, Canada, Maryland, Ohio, and Indiana. He had 
learned the trade of a wheelwright (which was also originally 
the trade of his father), and had expected to pursue it as an oc- 
cupation, but his inclinations turned to teaching, and in 18 11 he 
took charge of the Friends' School at Plymouth, where he con- 
tinued for six years ; and then, after teaching one year at Upper 
Dublin, he established in the autumn of 18 18, a boarding school 
for young men and boys, at Gwynedd, on part of his father's 
estate. This school he conducted for many years with marked 
success, and it was continued later, until about i860, in the 
charge of his sons Daniel and Joseph, and his nephew, Hugh 
Foulke, Jr. Joseph published (Philadelphia: 1844) a memoir 
of Jacob Ritter (a preacher among Friends, who had been a 
Revolutionary soldier : see in Watson's Annals details of his 
confinement in the British prison in Philadelphia). He also con- 
ducted for many years the publication of the " Friends' Alma- 
nac," furnishing for it the astronomical calculations. In 1836 he 
visited Washington as one of a committee of Philadelphia 
Yearly Meeting to influence Congress against the admission of 
Arkansas as a slave State. (See Curtis's Life of Jas. Buchanan, 
Vol. I., p. 337 : Vol. II., p. 181.) His MS. journal, giving many 
interesting details of his life, has been repeatedly drawn upon for 
this work. 

Evan Jones. 

Evan Jones was born in Montgomery on the old homestead 
of his grandfather, John Jones, carpenter. He was the son of 
Evan and Hannah Jones. He learned the trade of tanning with 


his cousin Isaiah Jones, of Buckingham, and, returning to Mont- 
gomery, established a tannery at Montgomery Square, where he 
was in business for several years. In 1815, he, with Thomas 
Shoemaker, Cadwallader Foulke, and Cadwalladcr Roberts, pur- 
chased the John Evans estate (now, 1 896, partly the estate of S. S. 
Hollingsworth), of Chas. Willing Hare, and about two years later 
(the purchase meantime proving to be a bad speculation), Evan 
took the homestead, himself, with a large part of the land, and 
removed to it, making it his home for the the remainder of his 
life. He there dispensed a liberal hospitality ; his house was the 
place of entertainment for many visiting Friends and others. His 
means, measured by the local standard, were ample, and his 
social disposition made his fireside attractive and pleasant. He 
was an active member of the Friends, was clerk of meetings for 
business,' and generally a pillar of the Society, locally. He filled 
many important business positions, being amongst other things 
the first President of the Bethlehem Turnpike Co. In 1840, he 
was the Whig candidate for County Commissioner,- and received 
the highest vote of any on the ticket. His four marriages have 
already been mentioned, (p. 414). 

Dr. Antriui Foulke. 
Dr. Antrim Foulke, the son of Theophilus, the younger, was 
born at Richland, March 23, 1793. The accidental death of his 
father, when he was but three years old, left him to the sole care 

1 Geo. I. Evans, of Emerson, O., says : I was at meeting at Gwynedd, the day of 
the " Separation," [1827 or '28] and Isaiah Bell and Ezra Comfort demanded the use 
of the meeting house " to hold Gwynedd monthly meeting in." Evan Jones said that 
the business of Gwynedd monthly meeting had been transacted, and for his part he 
was not vvil'nig they should have the house, but if they would go home with him he 
would give them their dinners, and they might have a private room to transact any busi- 
ness they wanted. [Isaiah and Ezra were " Orthodox " Friends. Gwynedd meeting 
adhered, by a large majority, to the other body.] 

' His opponent was Mehelm McGlathery, who, 1896, is still living. 


of his mother. At her desire he learned the trade of a coach- 
maker, but having completed it, at the age of twenty-one, he 
turned his attention to the profession of medicine, and studied 
with Dr. Joseph Meredith, at Gwynedd, whom he joined, after 
completing his studies, as a partner, and so continued until Dr. 
Meredith's death. He then remained in practice at Gwynedd, 
with remarkable success, until 1848, when he removed to Phila- 
delphia, and there practiced until his death, in 1861. He was 
by many elements of character admirably fitted for his profes- 
sion, and his wide range of visits to the country around his resi- 
dence testified to the confidence reposed in him. 

Rev. Samuel Helffenstcui. 
Among the notable figures in Gwynedd, for many years, was 
Rev. Samuel Helffenstein. He was born in Philadelphia (at 
Germantown), April 17, 1775, his father being Rev. John C. A. 
Helffenstein, the pastor of the German Reformed Church at 
Germantown. The latter died in 1790, and the widow took her 
son before the Synod, assembled at Philadelphia, and at her de- 
sire they assumed his care and education for the ministry. He 
was licensed and ordained in 1796 or 1797, and received about 
this time a call to the pastorate of Boehm's and Wentz's churches, 
which he accepted, but in 1798 returned to Philadelphia to the 
pulpit of the Race Street Church, made vacant by the death of 
Rev. Dr. Hendel. Here, for thirty-two years, he labored with zeal 
and fidelity, but in 1832, having resigned, he retired to his farm 
in Gwynedd, where he remained until his death, October 17, 1866. 
In 1846, he published a system of Didactic Theology, embody- 
ing the substance of the lectures which during his Philadelphia 
work he had delivered to the numerous theological students who 
prepared for the ministry under his direction. (The list of these 
includes many prominent names in the Reformed Church.) In 


1824 the Synod invited him to become Professor of Theology in 
a theological seminary intended to be established at Carlisle, 
in connection with Dickinson College, but he saw fit to decline 
this. His wife was Anna Christina Steitle, daughter of I-'manuel, 
of Gwynedd, to whom he was married in 1797, and of their 
children, twelve in number, three (Rev. Samuel, Jr.; Rev. Alb.^rt, 
and Rev. Jacob), became eminent ministers ; two (Dr. Abra- 
ham and Dr. Benjamin) became physicians ; one, Kmanuel, a 
lawyer and conveyancer ; one, Jonathan, a farmer ; one, Isaac, a 
merchant ; and one daughter, Catharine, married Augustus 
Miller. Rev. Samuel Helffenstein was buried in the family vault 
in the cemetery grounds of the old St. Peter's church. 
Charles F. Joikiiis. 
He was the son of Edward, and the great-grandson of Jenkin 
Jenkin, the immigrant. He was born at Gwynedd, March 18, 
1793, and died there February 5, 1867. He received instruction 
at the academy of Enoch Lewis, the eminent teacher and mathe- 
matician, at New Garden, Chester county ; but he added to his 
opportunities of education a studious and intellectual habit, 
reading throughout his life, with intelligence and zest, upon an 
extensive range of subjects. Having been brought up in his 
father's store in Gwynedd, he engaged in mercantile business 
in Philadelphia (some time on Second street, opposite Christ 
Church), for fourteen years, with good success ; but in 1830, upon 
the decease of his father, he returned to Gwynedd, and took the 
store, which he conducted nearly to the close of his life. He 
took a very active interest in public affairs, was for many years 
a director of the public schools, and was the candidate of his 
party (it being, however, in the minority for a long period), for 
the Legislature, etc. His promotion of the construction of the 
turnpike has already been mentioned. He was, besides, secre- 


tary for many years of the Bethlehem turnpike, a director of the 
Bank of Montgomery County, and of the Montgomery County 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company, etc. 

Winfield Scott Hancock. 

His distinguished career in the army of the United States, 
especially during the great war for the suppression of the Re- 
bellion, and his candidacy for President of the United States, 
supported by nearly one-half of the American people, must be 
taken to designate General Hancock as the most eminent native 
of the two townships to which this volume relates. He was 
born February 14, 1824, at Montgomery Square. Through his 
mother, Elizabeth Hoxworth, he had a strain of Welsh blood, 
from Jenkin Jenkin, who was his mother's great-grandfather. 

It would be impracticable, here, to present a complete biog- 
raphy of General Hancock, or even a fairly full abstract of the 
events in his military career. I shall only mention a few local, 
family, and personal details. His father having removed to Nor- 
ristown, when he was about four years old, he was educated 
there, in the " Old Academy," his teachers being Eliphalet 
Roberts, Rev. A. G. Harned, Jr., and Stapleton Bonsall. He 
was a manly, vigorous boy, full of spirit, and inclined to military 
ideas. In 1840, Hon. John B. Sterigere, M. C, appointed him a 
cadet at West Point, and he entered the Academy, July ist, of 
that year. He graduated June 30, 1844, and being brevetted 
second lieutenant, was assigned to the Sixth Regiment of In- 
fantry. From that time his service became a part of the public 
record of the country. He married, January 24, 1 850, Almira 
D. Russell, daughter of Samuel Russell, a merchant of St. 
Louis, Mo., by whom he had two children : Russell, sometime 
of Mississippi, and Ada Elizabeth, who died of typhoid fever, in 
New York, at the age of eighteen. General Hancock died at 
Governor's Island, N. Y., February 9, 1886. 

Additional Chapter — i8gj. 


THE subscription-paper (referred to on p. 79) for buildinf^ the 
Friends' meeting-house in 171 2, the original of which, as 
Joseph Foulke says, was preserved in the Foulke family, was in 
Welsh. Copies of it appear to have been made, and one of these, 
translated, reads as follows : 

Givynedd — the sixth day of the first month in the year one thousand 
seven hundred and nine-ten. 

The names of Friends who have united to build a meeting-house at 
Gwynedd — to worship God after the form and system which exists amongst 
the people called Quakers — together with the several of the sum which each 
one specifically gave — to be paid as it here follows : — As many as have 
subscribed below to pay the sum in four quarters : — The first quarter to be 
paid the first day of the ninth month 1710 and the second — the first day of 
the third month in the year 171 1 and the third — the first day of the ninth 
month 171 1 and the last — the first day of the third month [blank, presuma- 
bly 1 7 1 2] . 

[Signed by] 

^ s. ^ s. 

William Jones 9 . 10 Robert Pugh 4 . o 

Thomas Evan 11. o Rowland Hugh 4 . o 

Cadwalader Evan .... 8 . 10 Richard Morris 2 . o 

Robert Jones 8 . o William Robert i . 10 

John Hugh 6.10 David Pugh i . 00 

Robert Evan 6 . o David Jones i . 00 

Edward Robert 6 . o Morris Edward 

Edward Ffoulke ....5.0 Edward Morgan 5 . 00 



Cadwalader Robert . . . . 3 . oo 

Morris Robert 3 • 00 

Nicholas Robert 2 . 10 

John Robert 2 . 10 

Rowland Robert 2 . 10 

Evan Griffith 5 . 00 

Garret Peterson 5 . 00 

Robert Parry 9 . 00 

Robert Thomas 3 ■ 00 

Thomas Edward 2 . 10 

Thomas Davis 2.10 

Evan Griffith I . 10 

Ffrancis Dawes i . 10 

Cadwalader Moris ... . 2 . 00 

WilHam Morgan 2 . 10 

Edward Morgan [Jr.] . . . 2 . 00 

William Story 2 . 00 

John Griffith 2 . 00 

John Davis i . 5 

Evan Jones 

Cadwalader Jones . . . .2.10 

Richard Pugh i . 10 

Jno. WiUiams i . 10 

The names of the two who have been appointed Collectors to receive 
the money and to keep account and to pay it to the builders of the meet- 
ing-house, are Thomas Foulke and Hugh Evans. 

The names of the eight who have been appointed to overlook and to 
arrange the matters relating towards and for its building — are Thomas 
Evan, Robert Evan, John Hugh, Edward Ffoulke, William Jones, Robert 
Jones, John Humphrey, Robert Evan Prythra. 

Alexander Edward . . 



EUis Robert 


Owen Evan 



John William .... 



George Lewis .... 


Meredith Davis .... 


Hugh Evans 


Robert Humphrey . . . 


Hugh Griffith 


John Robert 


Hugh Robert 



Thomas Ffoulke . . . 



Evan Pugh 



John Humphrey . . . 



Robert Evan Prythra . 



Richard Lewis .... 



David Gilkin 



Evan Owen 


Robert Hugh 


Griffith Hugh 


Samuel Thomas . . . 


David Davis 


Evan Robert 




A family record of the Humphreys, children of Samuel, 
referred to on p. 97 (foot-note), as furnished me by Philip P. 
Sharpies, of West Chester, Pa., is as follows : 

ADD/l/ONAL CHAPTF.R—i8<)7. 447 

A true account of the births of the children of Samuel Humphrey of 
the Parish of Llangelynin in the County of Merioneth is as followeth 

The first childs name is Lydia she was born the 28th day of ye ist mo. 

The 2nd childs name is Daniel he was born the [blank] of ye 6th 
mo. 1660. 

Two twins whose names were Benja & Joseph they were born the 
[blank] day of ye 5th mo. 1662. 

The 5th childs name is Rebecca she was born the 7th day of 2nd 
mo. 1664. 

The si.xth childs name is Ann she was born — day of 3d mo. 1666. 

The 7th childs name is Gobeithia she was born the 7th day of ye 7th 
mo. 1668. 

Samuel Humphrey afforsaid & Elizabeth Reese were married before 
two Justices of peace named Morris Wynn & Robert Owen of Dolessery on 
ye 20th day of april 1658. 

The foresd Saml. Humphrey parted this life the 17th day of the 9th 
Mo. and was buried ye 19th day of ye same att Bryn-tallwyn 1677, aged 
-I years and 9 months. 

Rebecca Humphrey married Edward Reese and departed this life the 
17 of the 2d mo. Anno Dominni 1733 aged 69 years wanting 8 days, 
and was buried 20th day following, being ye fifth of ye week. 

Edward Reese departed this life the i ith day of the sixth month 1728 
aged about 82, was decently burried the loth day of the same instant at ye 
burying place which is at Merion Meeting house. 


In 1 89 1, at the general election in November, as the result 
of proceedings begun the previous year, a vote was taken upon 
the proposal to divide the township, on the line of the Swedes 
Ford road, into Upper and Lower Gwynedd, and a majority 
voted affirmatively. A petition for division had been presented 
to the Court, October 7, 1890, signed by 38 "inhabitants of the 
township,". and on the i8th of that month, Judge Weand ap- 
pointed William B. Rambo, Morgan R. Wills, and I. P. Brend- 


linger a jury to make inquiry and report. Proceeding to the 
duties of their appointment by a visit to the proposed division 
line, the jury were met by a number of citizens \vho generally 
disapproved the division, as a measure likely to increase the 
township expenses, without corresponding public advantage. 
Among those who urged this were Hon. George Handy Smith, 
Jason Sexton, Jacob Acuff, Dr. M. R. Knapp, Thomas Coulston, 
Edwin M. Foulke, and others.' 

The jury nevertheless reported in favor of the change, and 
the vote, when taken, sustained the proposition. Among those 
opposed to the division, and who published reasons for their ob- 
jections in the North Wales Record, preceding the election, were 
William M. Singerly, (a large landowner in Gwynedd, though a 
resident of Philadelphia), Howard M. Jenkins, Charles S. 
Jenkins, John Lefferts, Seth Lukens, George L. Bowman, Julius 
Schlimme, Samuel Myers, John F. Comly, W. H. Harding, 
Frederick Beaver, Henry Mumbower, Stiles Huber, Dr. M. R. 
Knapp, Jacob Acuff, David Acuff, James Buzby, Hugh Forman, 
Amos Jones, L. L. Shepherd, F. W. McDowell, and Henry G. 
Keasbey. It is not probable that a majority of the freeholders 
of the Township favored the division. After the experience of 
five years (1896) it is found that the expenditure has largely 
increased, that on roads having about doubled, and that the muti- 
lation of the old township was, as urged by those opposing it, 
needless and mischievous. 


In Mr. Thomas A. Glenn's recently issued (1896) volume, 
" Merion in the Welsh Tract," the descent of some of the Welsh 
families settling in Gwynedd is more definitely traced. William 

' Report in Norristown Daily Herald. 


John, it appears, ^vas the first cousin of the four Evans brothers, 
Thomas, Robert, Owen, and Cadwalader. They were all grand- 
children of Evan Robert Lewis of Fron Goch — which place is in 
Merionethshire, about three miles from Bala, and not, as sug- 
gested (p. 149), in Denbighshire. Our William John was the 
son of John ap Evan, the eldest son of Evan Robert Lewis, 
and the Evans brothers were sons of Evan ap Evan, the 
youngest son. 

The old stone flour-mill, at Penllyn, on the Wissahickon, the 
Foulke Mill, having been abandoned, was torn down in January, 
1 896. In the first edition of this book an etching of it appeared, 
by Miss Dillaye, showing it as it was in 1884. 

Christian Dull bought the property at Spring- House in 
December, 1773, and probably began to keep the hotel the next 
year. He purchased of Philip Bohl, and the property was then 
described as " a certain messuage, tavern-stand, and lot of 83^ 

The North Pennsylvania Railroad was opened as far as 
Gwynedd Station, July 2, 1855. Three trains were run daily, 
each way. Stages ran from the Station to Doylestown, Bethle- 
hem, and Kulpsville. The heavy work between Gwynedd and 
North Wales was not completed until next year, when the road 
was opened through to Doylestown and Bethlehem. 

The diminution of the creeks is one of the most notable 
phenomena of our time, November 18, 1883, I was talking with 
Henry Mumbower (since deceased), at his house at the mill on 
the Wissahickon. He said he came to the mill in 1854. Esti- 
mating by the amount of work he could then do in the mill, with 
water power, as compared with 1884, he thought that in the 
thirty years the Wissahickon had shrunk one-half in volume. 
He ascribed it in large part to the clearing of the woods, above, 


along the sources of the stream. From my own recollection 
of the Wissahickon, and the indications along its banks of the 
size it once was, I am confident his estimate of its shrinkage is 
not too great. The little creek which crosses the turnpike in 
front of the house of James D. Cardell, and falls into the Wissa- 
hickon near Mumbower's mill, was, in my boyhood (say 1850) 
a flowing stream throughout the year, only shrinking into pools 
in the droughts of August. It now rarely flows at all, except in 
time of heavy rain. There must have been, in the earlier time, 
an abundance of fish in the creeks, especially in the Wissahickon. 
My father often mentioned his fishing at night with a light, in 
company with his uncle, Jesse Jenkins, in the Wissahickon, be- 
low Mumbower's. It was probably about 1830 to 1840. 

In relation to Alexander Edwards, the pioneer of the Mont- 
gomery settlement (refer to p. 298), his wife " Margaret, and her 
daughters Margaret and Martha, and sons Alexander and 
Thomas," reached Philadelphia in the ship Vine, William Preeson, 
master, 7th mo. 17, 1684. (On the same ship came Robert and 
Jane Owen, and Reese John and his family.) Alexander Ed- 
wards himself appears to have come over before his family. It 
also appears that he married a second time, as his wife, mentioned 
in his will, was named Katharine. 



*^* The three principal (ienealogical Chapters (Kvans, Roberts, 
Foulke) are not indexed ; names occurring^ only in them will not be found 
in the Index. 

Abington Quarterly Meeting estab- 
lished, 82. 

Acuft", David, 401, 407. 

Agriculture, early methods and im- 
plements of, 392, 393, wages, 

Baptist Church in Montgomery, es- 
tablishment of, 305, pastors of, 

Bartholomew, John, 299. 
Bate, Humphrey, 69. 
Beaver, Barnaby, 350, 364. 
Bees, 392. 
Boileau, John, 407. 
Book of Memorials of 1787, 84. 
Boone family, 4, 369, 371. 
Boone, George, 81, 369, 370; 

Geo., jr. , 369 ; Squire, 116,370; 

Daniel, 370, 371, 372. 
Bricks, 14. 
Bridges, 408, 409. 
Brunner, Paul, 310. 

Carpenter, Sam'l, 50, 

Castner family, genealogy of, 422- 

Chapin, William, 423. 
Churches, 304, 305, 363, 364. 
Cider, 392. 
Cleaver family, genealogy of, 411, 


Clemens, Garret, 356, 359, 364. 
Coed-y-foel, farm in Wales, 36. 
Corson, Lawrence E., 407. 

Danenhower, Abraham, 311, 364. 

Deaths, lists of, 140, 145. 

Dillwyn, George, 88. 

Disease, fatal, 1745, 311. 

Disputes, settled by monthly meet- 
ing. 390. 391- 

Dull, Christian, 359, 465, 466, 401. 

Dull, Christian, jr., 367. 

Dysentery, on the Robn-t and Eliza- 
beth, 30. 

Early famihes, details concerning, 
410, 427. 

Edwards, Alexander, jr., 298. 

Edwards, Alexander, Sen., 298, 385. 

Ellis, Rowland, 24, 75, 83, 390. 

Evans, Cadwalader, immigrant, his 
family, 51 ; purchase of land, 
55 ; place of residence, 60 ; 
reads church service for the set- 
tlers, ^6 ; preacher, 83, memo- 
rial, 85. 

Evans, Cadwalader, jr. , biographi- 
cal sketch of, 430. 

Evans, Dr. Cadwalader, biographi- 
cal sketch of, 427, 428. 

Evans, Ellen, 17. 



Evans, Evan, preacher, 84, 347, 

386, 393. 395- 
Evans Family, descended from 
Evan ap Evan, 66 ; gen'gy of, 


Evans, Hugh, reminiscence of 
Penn's visit, 61. 

Evans, Jenkin, of Montgomery, 300. 

Evans, John, son of Cadw., 
preacher, 86 ; memorial of, 87. 

Evans, John, "the elder," bio- 
graphical sketch of, 428. 

Evans, Jonathan, teacher, 397. 

Evans, Mary, wife of Owen, 92. 

Evans, Owen, immigrant, 51, 52 ; 
purchase of land, 55, 58, 

Evans, Rev. Evan, 296. 

Evans, Robert, immigrant, 51 ; pur- 
chase of land, 55, 58 ; place of 
residence, 58 ; preacher, 83, 
Thos. Chalkley'sallusion to him, 

Evans, Robert (son of Owen), 
household articles, 386, 393. 

Evans, Rowland, biographical sketch 
of, 429. 

Evans, Thomas, patent to, 25 ; 
original tract of, 55, 58, his place 
of residence, 60, 70 ; four sons, 
71 ; second mariiage, 72, re- 
moval to Goshen, 72. 

Everhart, John, 368. 

Exeter (Oley) monthly meeting, 82. 

Fetter, Wendel, 363, 

First settlers, number of, 50 ; fami- 
. lies of, 51 ; arrival of, 21 ; homes, 
55 ; size and location of their 
tracts, 58. 

Fothergill, John, visits Gwynedd, 89. 

Foulke, Cadwallader, biographical 
sketch of, 436. 

Foulke, Dr. Antrim, 381 ; biographi- 
cal sketch of, 441. 

Foulke, Edward, immigrant, 29 ; 
narrative of his removal, 33 ; 

ancestry of, 33 ; circumstances 
of, in Wales, 37 ; his family, 51, 
52 ; his original tract, 55, 58 ; 
home of, in Gwynedd, 62. 

Foulke Family, Gen'gy of, 233, 

Foulke, Hugh (3d), Indian garden, 

Foulke, Joseph, 396 ; biographical 
sketch of, 439. 

Foulke, Thomas (son of Edward, 
the immigrant), 62. 

Foust, Rev. George D., 376, 380. 

Freeholders, list of Montgomery, 
302 ; Gwynedd, 310. 

Frey, John, early German settler, 

Friends, early, in township, details 
concerning, 83-93 ; meeting, es- 
tablishment of, 73-82; preachers, 
83-93 ; action in the Revolution, 
354 ; militia fines, 355. 

Fries, John, of "Rebellion," 310. 

Funeral expenses, 389. 

Geisenhainer, Rev. Henry, 377. 

Genealogical Details concern- 
ing Early Families, 410-426. 

Geology of Gwynedd, 11-14 ; mezo- 
zoic belt, 11-12 ; trap dyke in 
tunnel hill, 12 ; plant bed in 
tunnel, 13; triassic deposit, 13; 
clay, sand, building stone, 15 ; 
Prof. Lesley's statement, 12-13 '- 
theory of Prof. Lewis, 13. 

Gerhart, Nicholas, 105 years old, 142. 

Gossinger, George, 310. 

German settlers in Gwynedd, early, 

Griffith, Alice, preacher, 90. 

Griffith, Hugh, first settler, 51 ; 
tract of land, 55, 58. 

Gwynedd. — Topographical fea- 
tures, I ; scope of its history, 2 ; 
analysis of its history, 3 ; more 
extended ditto, 3-9 ; chronolog- 



ical sketch of ditto, 9 ; geology 
of, 11-14; Indian traces in, 
1 5-20 ; arrival of Welsh settlers 
in, 21-32 ; origin of name, 40- 
49 ; population of, 50-54 ; Wil- 
liam Penn's visit to, 61 ; arrival 
of Schwenckfelders in, 308 ; 
freeholders in 1734, 309 ; fatal 
disease in, 311 ; revolutionary 
operations in, 312-348; revolu- 
tionary details concerning, 349- 
357 ; taxables in. in 1776, 358- 
368 : social conditions among 
the early settlers of, 381-391 ; 
public school system established 
in, 397-400 ; division of, 447. 

Hancock, B. F., biographical sketch 

of, 439- 
Hancock, W. S., biographical 

sketch of, 444. 
Hank Family, 372, 373. 
Hank John, 373 ; Nancy, mother 

of President Lincoln, 373. 
Hassler, Rev. John W., 379. 
Harry, Rees, 362. 
Hecht, Rev. Anthony, 376. 
Heilig, Rev. George, 378. 
Heilig, Rev. Theophilus, 380. 
Heisler, Jacob, 364, 402. 
Heist, Philip, 363. 
Heist's tavern, 349, 364, 402. 
Helffenstein, Samuel, biographical 

sketch of, 442. 
Hoot, Peter, 31 1. 
Hoot, PhiUp, 311. 
Horses, use of, etc., 393. 
Hoskens, Jane, reference to Gwyn- 

edd Friends, 86. 
Hotels, 400, 402. 
Household articles of early settlers, 

384, 385. 386, 387. 
Howell, Deborah, 370. 
Hoxworth family, genealogy of, 420, 

Hubbs, Charles, 365. 

Hugh, Evan ap, firbt settler, pur- 
chase of land, 55, 58 ; residence 
of, 68 ; his sons David and 
Hugh Pugh, 68. 

Hugh, John, original settler, his 
family, 51 ; his land, 55, 58. 

Humphrey, John, of Gwynedd, 51, 
52, 62, 63, 64, 65. 

Humphrey, John, of Merion, narra- 
tive of his experience in Wales, 
94-107 ; his will, 95. 

Humphrey, Samuel, mentioned in 
John Humphrey's narrative, 97 ; 
his descendants, 97, 98, 447. 

Indentured servants, 395. 

Indians, traces of them in Gwynedd, 
1 5-20 ; Ellen Evans, discourse 
with, 16 ; traditions of at Mum- 
bower's mill, 16 ; supposed bat- 
tles of, 16, 17; stone imple- 
ments of, 17, 18, 19 ; traditional 
"garden" of, 19; Prof. D. B. 
Brunner's work on, 19. 

I ntemperance, condemned by 
monthly meeting, 388, 389. 

James, Isaac, 302. 

Jenkins, Algernon S., 408. 

Jenkins, Charles F., 407, 420 ; bio- 
graphical sketch of, 443. 

Jenkins, Edward, 403. 

Jenkins Family, genealogy of, 418- 

Jenkin, Jenkin, household articles, 
386, 392 ; agricultural do., 395. 

Jenkins, John, 358, 364. 

Johnson, John B., 380. 

John, Rees(" Rees John William"), 

John, Robert, 30 ; his will and chil- 
dren, 69 ; other references, 385, 

392. 393. 395- 
John, William, his family, 51 ; tract 
of land, 55, 58 ; place of resi- 



dence, 66 ; his children, 67 ; in- 
ventory, 384, 392. 

John, WiUiam, and Thomas ap 
Evan, their purchase of the town- 
ship, etc., 21-28, 29 ; deeds to 
other settlers, 55 ; Robert Turn- 
er's deed to, 57. 

Jones, Evan, biog. sketch of, 440. 

Jones Family (descendants of Rob- 
ert John), 425. 

Jones Family (descendants of John 
Jones, carpenter), genealogy of, 

Jones, Isaac, 301. 

Jones, Margaret, preacher, 93. 

Kolb, Isaac, 263. 

Kramer, Rev. S. P. F., 377. 

Lacey, Gen. John, militia, 350. 

Land, David C, Indian relics, 18. 

Lesley, Prof. J. P., 12, 13. 

Levick, Dr. J. J., 76. 

Lewis, Amos, 416. 

Lewis, EUis, 389, 393, 395. 

Lewis, H. Carvill, 13. 

Lewis, Isaac, 362. 

Lewis, Jephthah and Enos, 360 ; 
" Squire " Joseph, 361. 

Lewis, Thomas, 300. 

Lewis, WiUiam, 67. 

Lincoln Family, 371-374. 

Lincoln, Mordecai, 371 ; Mordecai, 
2d, 372 ; Thomas, 373 ; Abra- 
ham, 373 ; John, 374 ; Abraham, 
2d, 372 ; Mordecai, 3d, 372 ; 
Thomas, father of the President, 
372, 373 ; Abraham, President 
U. S., 374- 

Liquor, use and sale of, 388, 389 ; 
John Evans's efforts against, 429. 

Lloyd-Price, Richard J., Esq., 36. 

Longevity, instance of, 142 ; in 
Jones family of Montgomery, 30 j. 

Marriages, lists of, from Haverford 
records, 108-1 14 ; from Gwynedd 

records, 1 14-134; from Samuel 
and Cadw. P'oulke's memoran- 
dum books, 135-140. 

Marriages, two, in Aug., 17 14, 79. 

Marriage, with undue haste, con- 
demned by monthlymeeting,388. 

Mathias, Rev. Joseph, 383. 

Medary, Samuel, biographical sketch 
of, 432. 

Medtart, Rev, Jacob, 379. 

Meeting, Friends', establishment of, 
72-82 ; first house, of logs, 78 ; 
second house, 78 ; subscription 
for, 445 ; monthly meeting es- 
tablished, 79 ; house enlarged, 
81 ; present house, 82. 

Mendenhall, Benjamin, marriage to 
Lydia Roberts, quaint letter, 387. 

Militia, in Revolution, 355-356; 
fines paid, 355-356. 

Miller, Rev. Lewis G. M., 380. 

Mills, 360, 404, 449. 

Montgomery, early settlers in, 298- 
303 ; list of freeholders in 1734, 
302 ; establishment of Baptist 
church, 305 ; allusion to by Rev. 
Evan Evans, 304. 

Morgan, Edward, 282, 283. 

Morgan family, genealogy of, 410, 

Murder of Henry Weaver, 377. 

Myers, Rev. Wm. H., 380. 

Nancarro, Susan, 61. 
Neuman, Christopher, 309. 
Norris, Deborah (afterwards Mrs. 
Logan), 312. 

Owen Family, descended from 
Owen ap Evan, 66. 

Owen, Owen, difference with Row- 
land Ellis, 390. 

Pardo, Marmaduke, early immi- 
grant, first school teacher, 395. 
Patents to original settlers, 55. 



Patent to Thomas Evans, 25. 

Penn, Letitia, 61. 

Penn, William, visit to Gwynedd,6i. 

Population, statistics of, 52. 

Powell, David, 21, 56. 

Price, Roger, of Rhiwlas, Wales, 36. 

Public school system, 397-400. 

Railroad opened, 448. 

Raker, Martin, 367. 

Rebenach, Rev. J. H., 377. 

Reid, Rev. Ezra L., 379. 

Resurvey of the township, 55, 56, 

57. 58. 

Revolutionary operations in Gwyn- 
edd, 312-348, 349-357; miHtia, 

Rhirid Flaidd, 33-36. 

Richland monthly meeting estab- 
lished, 81. 

Rightmyer, Rev. P. M., 379. 

Roads, early, 282, 297, 408, 409. 

Roberts, Amos, 321. 

Robert and Elizabeth, T\iQ, 30. 

Roberts, Ann, preacher, 91. 

Roberts, Charles, biographical sketch 

of, 437- 
Roberts, EUwood, Indian relics, 17. 
Roberts Family, genealogy of, 

Roberts families (other than descen- 
dants of Robert Cadwalader), 

424, 425. 
Roberts, Hugh, early preacher, 

22, 30. 
Roberts, 'Squire John, 367, 403 ; 

biographical sketch of, 434. 
Roberts, Joseph, biographical sketch 

of, 438. 
Rumford, John, 369. 

Scarlett, Robert, 14, 407, Thos., jr., 

Schaeffer, Rev. David, Solomon, 377. 
Schools and education, 395-400 ; 

first school house, 290, 395. 
School system of Pennsylvania, 397. 

Schwenckfelders, arrival of, 308 ; 

details relating to, 309. 
Shearer, Abel K., 380. 
Shee[), 392. 

Shoemaker, Thomas, 363. 
Slaves, 394. 
Snyder, Cieorge, 368. 
Snyder, Henry, 309. 
Snyder, Noah, Oliver, 380. 
Social Conditions Amongst 

Early Settlers, 383-391. 
Spencer Family, genealogy of, 

Spring-House, origin of name, 297 ; 

Revolutionary incident at, 353 ; 

hotel established, 447. 
Stevens, Thaddeus, 352. 
State Road, 409. 
St. John's Lutheran Church, 375. 
St. Thomas's Episcopal Ch., 305, 

Stores, 403. 
Storms, unusual weather, etc., 393, 


St. Peter's Church, 375, 382 ; move- 
ment to establish, 375 ; first 
building erected, 376 ; pastors 
of, 376, 379 ; second building 
erected, 378 ; separation of the 
congregations, 379 ; new build- 
ings erected by each, 379 ; Sun- 
day-school of, 379,380 ; reformed 
congregation of, 380. 

Surname, changes of, by Welsh, 65. 

Swink, Martin, 364. 

Taxables, 1741, 52 ; in 1776, 358 

Teachers, early, 395-397. 
Thomas, Absalom, 371. 
Towamencin township, erection of, 

Township, division of, 447. 
Treweryn, river in Wales, 37. 
Trotter, William, preacher, 91. 
Troxel [Troxall] , 355, 359, 364. 



Turner, Robert, 24, 28, 55 ; deed to 
Wm. John andThos. Evans, 57. 

Turnpike, Bethlehem, construction 
of, 404, 405, 406 ; Spring-House 
and Sumneytown, construction 
of, 406. 

Van Buskirk, Rev. Jacob, 377. 
Vehicles, of early settlers, 393. 

Wack, Rev. John George, 381 ; Rev. 

Charles P., 382. 
Weaver, Henry, murder of, 377. 
Weiand, Rev. John K., 377. 
Welsh Bible of 1678, 76. 

Welsh history, in connection with 
name Gwynedd, 40-49. 

Welsh language, used by first set- 
tlers, 75 ; sermons in, 83. 

Welsh tract, 21. 

Wentz's church, 373. 

Wildbahn, Rev. C. F., 377. 

Williams, Theophilus, 299. 

Wilson, Alexander, the ornitholo- 
gist, reference to Spring-House, 

Wissahickon, shrunk, 449. 

Wister, Daniel, 312. 

Wister's, Sally, Journal, 312-348. 

Wolf, Governor, 397.