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Full text of "Historical discourse on occasion of the centennial anniversary of the Reformed Dutch Church of Millstone"

ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 02945 1439 



Gc 974.902 M75c 

Corwin, Edward Tanjore, 1834 

-1914. 
Historical discourse on 

occasion of the centennial 



^ A 



HISTOUICAL DISCOUESE 



ON OCCASION 



OF THE 

Centennial yVNNivERSARY 



OF THE 






OF 



MILLSTONE. 

BY 

EDWAKD TAKJOEE CORWIN", Partos. 



1866 



N E W-Y R K : 
J. J. REED, PPJXTER, 43 CENTRE STREET. 

1866. 



90 ^"^ t 



t U^a^ 






PREFACE 



-r^*- 



The Eeformed Dutcli Cliiircli of Ilillsborougli, at Mill- 
etone, celebrated lier ceutennial anniversaiy on Saturday, 
August 11th, 1866. The following Historical Discourse 
was delivered by the pastor, on the morning of that day, in 
connection with appropriate religious exercises. On motion 
of Hon, A. O. Zabriskie, its publication was called for, with 
the request that notes and appendices be added. The writer 
has accordingly given it to the public, hoping that thereby, 
the memory of early times may be preserved, and also, 
(which is more important,) that by a proper appreciation of 
the past, Israel may understand what she ought to do in 
the future. 

Having noticed shortly after his settlement at Millstone, 
that the church was rapidly completing her first century, 
he directed his attention, as time permitted, to her history, 
and in the course of a couple of years, the within material 
collected in his hands. The sources whence he has gathered 
his facts, were the Millstone Church Eecords, (which are 
complete, with the exception of four years, ISlO-lSll,) 



IV PREFACE. 

and tlie records of some of the neigliboring cliurclies ; tlie 
minutes of Classis, and of the early Sjnod, and such local 
histories and biographical notices as could be found ; the 
Documentary and Colonial Histories of l!Tew York ; the 
early Colonial Records at Amboy and Trenton, and some 
few private papers. He also feels particularly indebted to 
the " Contributions to the History of East Jersey," and 
other volumes, of Wm. A. Whitehead, Esq., which have 
proved of great value, both in facts given, and in directing 
to sources of information. Hon. Kalph Yoorhees, of Middle- 
bush, loaned a number of papers, from which the facts 
concerning the church at Three Mile Kun were gleaned, 
and for which the writer would express his thanks ; and 
also especially indebted is he to Mrs. E. F. L. Read, and 
Miss Sarah C. Souder, of Philadelphia, for their kind and 
valuable assistance in reference to the pastorate of Rev. Mr. 
Foering, the first regularly installed minister in this place. 
He would also take this opportunity of returning his thanks 
to Rev. Mr. Kiekenveldt and Mr. Louis H. Balder, for 
valuable assistance in the translation of Dutch and German 
documents. 
Millstone, August ZOth, 1866. 



August 11, 18G0, 



Tlie following was tlie Programme of tlie occasion : — 
Chant— (Ps. 90)— by the Choir. 

Invocation : 
By REY. W. J. R TAYLOR, D.D. 

Reading of Scriptures- (Ps. 103): 
By REY. C. C. YAN CLEEF. 

Prayer : 
By PROF. DE WITT, D.D. 

Singing— Hymn 458. 

Historical Discourse 
By the Pastor. 

Singing— Ps. 137, 3d Part Benediction. 



RECESS. 

Singing— Ps. 87. 
Address by REY. GABRIEL LUDLOW, D.D. 

(Reminiscences of Drs. Cannon and Schureman. ) 

Address by REY. P. D. YAN CLEEF, D.D. 

" REY. J. C. SEARS, D.D. 

" « HON. A. 0. ZABRISKIE. 

" " HON. F. T. FRELIXGHUYSEN. 

" " PROF. JOHN DE WITT, D.D. 

Anthem by the Choir. 
Doxology Benediction. 



PRESENT CHURCH OFFICERS, 



PASTOR : 
EDWARD TANJORE CORWIK 



ELDERS: 



Ralph Terhtjne Sutphen, 

ROELOFF DiTMARS, 



James Loxgstreet Toorhees, 
John Smith. 



DEACONS 



John Yeedexburgh Yan Nest, 

ErEDERICK T. SiUTH, 



CORNELHTS HoAGLAND BrOACH, 

John Staats. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 



The Mstories of the individual cliurcbes of Christ are 
■worthy of preservation, because thej represent the efforts 
of particular communities, to carry forward, at least in their 
own localities, those glorious principles of heavenly truth, 
which the Saviour brought from heaven, and which when 
understood and aj^propriated, will regenerate mankind. 
Each faithful church stands as the representative of the 
kingdom of Heaven, of the triumphs of righteousness, on 
the earth. Her history must therefore ever be the record 
of noble deeds of piety and love ; of steady, earnest effort 
in the work of enlightening, benefiting, and saving men ; 
of pure devoteduess to the Spirit and cause of the Master. 
It is true, indeed, that each church lives in an atmosphere 
of sin, that the imperfections of even the friends of Christ, 
tend often greatly to obscure her glory, so that in her efforts 
to build up the cause of truth and righteousness, the world 
may look upon her as a simj^le belligerent, having no 
superior aims to her opponents ; nevertheless, each church 
is a little rill, helping to make up the ever-swelling tide of 
Christian influence, which is flowing onward with resistless 
volume, to purify and save our race. And if a church's 
history, as a whole, represent progress in this direction ; 
if it show souls gathered into the kingdom ; if a community 
have been leavened with Christian truths, or better still, 
with Christian practices, and been made to appreciate, and 
exhibit, the Eternal Law of Love — then has that church 



8 HISTOEICAL DISCOURSE. 

accomplislied a great and glorious mission. Slie Las per- 
formed lier part, though imperfectly, in tlie grand manoeu- 
vres of that great army, whose Captain is Jesus Christ, and 
by which army, in all the harmony of the plan, which shall 
liltimately be developed even to our understandings, shall 
the world be conquered to the obedience of the faith. 

It should, therefore, be a profitable task for us, as a 
church, at this marked period of our history, to glance over 
the past, that our memories may be refreshed, and our 
souls quickened anew, as we enter upon the second century 
of our career. For with each succeeding age, is the church 
of Christ called to higher duties and responsibilities, to 
greater self-denials and boldness in the cause of the Master — 
a proper understanding of which ever-expanding duties, it 
would be sad for her to fail to appreciate. But while 
dwelling upon and getting almost lost, perhaps, in interest- 
ing details, yet let us ever remember that the ultimate 
objects of history are, by understanding the Providence of 
God, to enable us to mount from the experience of the past 
to higher elevations in the future. 

I am requested by the Consistory to give to-day, not only 
a history of the church, but also as necessarily introductory 
to it, a brief sketch of the civil settlement of this region. 
The civil history, before the period of our church, naturally 
divides itself into two parts. First, the Dutch sway, lasting 
from the first settlement of the country for a little more 
than half a century,* (1609-1666) ; and second, the English 
sway, lasting for a little more than a century, (1664-1776). 

* The Synod of Dort (1618-19,) was held just before the time that 
the Dutch emigration fairly began. The Dutch "West India Company, 
which gave groat impetus to emigration, was chartered in 1621 ; the 
monopoly of tlie company was abolished in 1638. 



HISTOEICAL DISCOUESE. d 

During the Dutcli sway, the central portions of "New 
Jersey, including of course our own localities, remained 
entirely unsettled, and almost untrodden by the* foot of a 
European.* Tlie Dutch clung to the shores of the great 
rivers on either side of our State, and to the immediate 
yicinity of the noble harbor of tlie western world, f Per- 
haps the yet vivid remembrance of the encroaching seas of 
Holland, which they loved to figlit so well, kept them so 
near the coast ; perhaps their paucity of numbers, though 
they had reached 10,000 before the English conquest ; 
perhaps the hostilities of the Indians, in the interior, with 
whom they had had some misunderstandings, though the 
natives of the soil, in all our State, only numbered 2,000 ; j^ 
<ff perhaps tlieir love of trade, and a mariner's life, or still 
other reasons, may have kept them along the shores of the 
larger bays and rivers. And although some grants of large 
ti'acts of land, covering portions of our county, § were 

* Mr. Rockhill Robeson, now living at "Weston, has informed me, 
since tliis was written, that private papers in his family state that his 
ancestry settled on the Millstone Branch of the Earitan in 1642, and in 
1666 moved to Philadelphia. 

t A few Dutch had penetrated and settled near Hackensack, as early 
as 1644. — W/utehcadlf East Jersey, p. 277. 

I The Indians of New Jersey were divided among twenty petty 
kings, of whom the king of the Raritans was the greatest. About 1655 
there was quite a slaughter by the Indians, around New Amsterdam, 
Pavonia, Staten Island, and Long Island. In 1640 the-Raritan Indians 
had been wrongfully accused of theft, and a number of them killed. — 
Rikei\ p. 37. 

The seat of the Earitan kings was upon an inland mountain (prob- 
ably the Nechanic mountain, which answers approximately to the 
description). — See Whitehead's E. J., p. 24. 

§ Augustine Herman received, in 1651, a square of land, having the 
Earitan from Amboy to North Branch for its southern side. — White' 
head, pp. 19, 37, 38. 



10 niSTOEICAL DISCOUESE. 

made during tlie Dutcli goremment of the country, yet not 
a single Dutch settlement was made in the interior. * 

The English, meanwhile, claimed the territory of the 
'New ^Netherlands by right of prior discovery, f but did not 
make very strenuous efforts to conquer the Dutch, :}; until 
1664 ; and among other reasons or pretexts, one was that 
the Dutch refused to allow the people of ISTew England to 
settle in the 'New Netherlands. The conquest was made 
unexpectedly, and therefore easily, and a little more than 
two centuries ago, the Dutch sway passed away from 
America forever. 

But with this change of government, the emigration from 
Holland virtually ceased. The Dutch families in this 
country (excepting the more recent immigrants), have a^l 
been here, it may be safely said, for more than two cen- 
turies, or about seven generations. But with the English 
conquest, a new period of colonization and settlement of 
the territory of our present State began. 

The English sway lasting for 112 years, divides itself into 
three marked periods; viz., under Carteret, for eighteen, 
years, under the Proprietors for twenty, and the rest of the 
time, seventy-two, under the crown. The New Netherlands 
extended from the borders of Connecticut to the Delaware 
River. But as the English fleet started on their mission of 

\ " 

* "We of course except the remarkable Dutcli settlement, long lost in 
the wilderness, of Minisink, begun in 1634. — See Gordon, p. 10. 

t Sebastian Cabot, in 1498, sailed along the coast. 

X In 1634 England granted to Sir Edmund Plovden and his associates 
all the lands between Long Island Sound and Cape May. This was 
erected into a free county palatine, to be called New Albion, and it is 
said he ruled over five hundred people. (?) He returned to England in 
174:1. The Dutch ofi"ercd to sell out at one time, but not being 
accepted, they finally refused to sell altogether. 



mSTOKICAL DISCOUKSE. 11 

conquest, so certain did Charles II., king of England, feel 
of accomplisbing it, that he gave the temtorj of the Dutch 
to his brother James, Duke of York and Albany; and he in 
turn, Trhile the fleet was jet on the sea, to raise money for 
his extravagances, ceded a large part of his newly acquired 
territory west of the Hudson, that is, the territory of our 
present State, to Sir George Carteret, and Lord John 
Berkeley. Philip Carteret, a brother of Sir George, was 
aj^poiuted governor, which position he held with slight in- 
terruption* for eighteen years, (1664-16S2,) and this is the 
first period of the English sway. 

During his administration, there was a lar2:e Eno-lish im- 
migration to this State, both from Old England and from 
'New. The policy of Carteret and Berkeley, was very lib- 
eral. They published and scattered their oflPcrs to settlers, 
in what were called, " Grants and Concessions," which were 
nothing else than a sort of republican constitution,f mem- 
bers elected by the people, forming part of the legislature :{: 
and grants of 150 acres of land being given to every man, 
and smaller quantities to women and to servants, after a 
time, who would come and settle, provided the men and 
servants could come armed with a musket and provision 
for a few months. The population of the province was thus 
vastly increased by English settlers, who located around 

* la 1673 the Dutcli re-conquered the State and held it for one year. 
In 1679, Andross, governor of ISTew York, made Carteret a prisoner for 
a time, endeavoring to unite New Jersey to New York, but without 
success. 

t They contrasted it with that of Carolina, which was aristocratic. — 
Whitehead's E. J. p. 308. 

J The first legislative assembly was held in 1668, when Bergen, Eliz- 
abetlitown, Newark, TVoodbridge and Middletown, were represented. 
These were at that time the only towns. 



12 mSTOEICAL DISCOUESE. 

Amboj, "Woodbridge, Elizabetlitown and Xewark. But 
no settlements were made during this time up the Raritan, 
or on its tributaries, although a fevr grants of land in this 
countj, on the north of the Earitan, were given.* 

But during this time, Berkeley having failed, West Jer- 
sey "was set off as his portion to be sold for the benefit of his 
creditors, and East Jersey remained to Carteret. Tlie first 
division line soon after run, (1676,) is the present western 
bound of our county, that is, south of the South Branch of 
the Baritau. But Sir George Carteret, dying in 1670, East 
Jersey, his property, was sold for the settling of his estate, 
and after some legal maneuvering for three years, it finally 
became, in 1682, the property of twelve- proprietors, all 
Quakers, with William Penn at the head.f Each of these 
sold out one half of his interest to another person, so that 
in tins same year. East Jersey became the property of 
twenty-four proprietors, embracing almost every religious 
sect.:}: This was done from motives of policy. 

*Jolin Bailej, Daniel Denton, and Luke Watson, of Long Island, pur- 
chased the tract formerly purchased by Augustine Herman, for articles 
valued at $200. The same Indians sold the same tract, twice, (1651 
and 1664.) It was bought by permission of Gov. Nicholls, not knowing 
at the time of the cession already of Xew Jersey to Carteret and Berke- 
ley. This was ultimately the cause of the great Elizabethtown bill in 
chancery respecting the lands north of the Earitau, about a century ago, 
and which, after many years of litigation, was dropped at the Revolu- 
tion, and never revived. 

t They paid £ 3,400 for East Jersey. Their names were : William 
Penn, Robert West, Thomas Rudyard, Samuel Groom, Thomas Hart, 
Richard Mew, Ambrose Riggs, John Haywood, Hugh Hartshorne, 
Clement Plumstead, Thomas Cooper, and Thomas Wilcox, who at once 
sold out his interest. 

I The names of the additional purchasers, were. James, Earl of Perth, 
John Drummond, Robert Barclay, (the first Governor), David Barclay, 



mSTOKICAL DISCOUESE. 13 

These proprietors liberally governed tlieir territory, and 
it is under them that the Raritan and Millstone valleys began 
to be settled. Their sway lasted, with some little interrup- 
tions, from 1682, for twenty years. Each of them had an 
equal interest in the territory, and either of them could have 
his share* set off to him in lands unappropriated, or could 
sell out his interest or a portion of his interest, or jointly, 
they could deed away any tract of land, which was gener- 
ally done by a folly authorized agent. Within two years 
after East Jersey became the property of the proprietors, 
the South side of the E.arltau, from below ITew Brunswick to 
Bound Broolc,f was laid out in nineteen lots,:}: having in 
general, a little less than half a mile of river-front, and 
about two miles in depth, extending in this vicinity, to the 
neighborhood of Middlebush, and the most of tliese were 
in process of imj^rovement. The last one of these lots hav- 
ing its face on the Ilaritan immediately below Bound Brook, 
followed the curve of that river, and extended back almost 
to the mouth of the Millstone, or to the present farm of 
Henry Garretson, and with the adjoining plot on the South, 
was owned by Mr. William Dockwra, the two containing 
000 acres ; and behind these, facing the Millstone, were a 



Robert Gordon, Arent Sonmans, Gawen Lawrie, Edward Byllinge, 
James Braine, "William Gibson, Thomas Barker, Eobert Turner, and 
Thomas Warren. 

* One share or propriety, contained 10,800 acres. 

t John Inions & Co., bought on Xoy. 1st, ICSl, two lots, where now 
stands "Scvf Brunswick, containing a mile of river-front, and two miles 
of depth. In 1683, Middlesex was assessed £ 10 in a tax of £ 50, being 
one of the four counties then existing. In 1694, a permanent ferry was 
Established at ITew Brunswick. — WhiteheacV s Amhoy, p. 2G9, 

I See first map of East Jersey, made in 1G85, which locates these lots, 
{Library of Historical Society, Newark.) 



14 HISTOEICAL DISCOUESE. 

couple of lots reacliing to the present farm of Benjamin 
Smith, the lower, containing 800 acres, and belonging to 
George "Willox ; and the upper, containing 500 acres and 
belonging to ]\Ir. "William Dockwra, before mentioned. On 
the north side of the Earitan,* from Bound Brook to the 
ISTorth Branch, and extending back to the Blue Hills, as 
they were called, six large plotsf had already been survey- 
ed and laid off to as many parties or companies ; while the 
large tract of land on the south, extending from the mouth 
of the Millstone, three and a half miles up the Baritan, to 
an island, just above the present covered bridge, and thence 
running south by west, about two miles ; and east, two 
miles to the Millstone, on a line which is said to be the pre- 
sent northerly line of Mr. James Elmendorf's farm,:j: this 
tract containing 3,000 acres, (exclusive of 250 acres of 
meadows), § having been bought a few years before, by a 
company consisting of Capt. Anthony Brockholls, William 
Pinhorne, John Bobinson, Capt. Mathias Nicholls, and 
Samuel Edsall, was in the year 1685 confirmed to Boyce & 
Co., of Kew York, and to be thenceforward known by the 
name of Boycefield.| So that the only lands taken up on 

* In 1685 John Forbes took up about 400 acres of land on the Earitan, 
about twenty miles above Aniboy, for the purpose of improvement and 
speculation. — See WhiteheacVs E. J. 'p. 321. 

tBeginning at Bound Brook, the names of these owners were : Eud- 
yard, Codrington, TTbite, — Graham, Winder, & Co. — Eobinson, and 
Lord ^^eill Campbell. 

X Peter G. Quick. 

§ These meadows had been formerly granted to James Graham, John 
"White, Samuel "Winder, and Cor. Courzen.-ZiSeryl. 273, Am'boy Records. 

\ The bounds were: beginning at a place called "Hunter's Wigwam" 
on the Millstone Eiver, thence north by west, two miles to a fresh 
brook called Manamtaqua ; thence north by east and north north-east, 
to the Earitan Eiver, opposite the west end of a small island, formerly 



mSTOEIOAL DISCOURSE. 15 

the Millstone in tlie year 1GS5, were these two plots near 
its mouth, on the east side, owned by Willox and Dockwra, 
(now called Weston,) and the one on the west side, owned 
by Royce, excepting a little plot, at the mouth of Stony 
BrOok,* away up the stream solitary and alone in the wil- 
derness, which had j)reviously been purchased by Dr. Henry 
Greenland. "What a change in 180 years ! Where all is 
now smiling farms, interspersed with Christian temples, 
then roamed the savage ; and only seldom, and timorously 
too, had civilized man ventured to break the stillness of the 
scene, by his adventurous tread. 

Within six years after the proprietors began to disj)Ose of 
the land, the population along the Earitan had so increased,f 
that they had the new county of Somerset :j; set off from 

belonging to Eobert Vanquellin, and now in possession of John Eobia- 
son ; and tlience down the Earitan three and a half miles ; and up the 
Millstone to the place of beginning. 

* This can hardly be the Stony Brook, now known by that name, above 
Princeton, but must be another stream near Eocky Hill, then called by 
that name. Eeed, on his map in 1685, locates him on Stony Brook, 
but not above fourteen miles above the mouth of the Millstone. 

t The great thoroughfares from Amboy and Brunswick to the Dela- 
ware were laid out about this time. In 1GS2, the population was about 
4,000 (Smith, p. IGl.) In 1G89, it was estimated at 10,000. 

I Bergen, Essex, Middlesex and Monmouth, the first counties, were 
made in 1682, the eastern and northern bounds of Middlesex being then 
about the same as now, and running westward to the limits of the prov- 
ince (which had not yet been fixed by survey). In 1687, the division 
line between East and West Jersey was first run, and this became the 
western bound of the new county of Somerset. But this line, the own- 
ers of West Jersey always insisted, bore too much to the west ; there- 
fore, in 17-13, another line was run, which passed through the centre of 
our present township of Hillsborough, being altogether east of Xechanio 
Mountain, and of which the line between Stillwater and Newtown town- 
ships, in Sussex county, is still a vestige. — See Gordon, p. 73. 



16 HISTOEICAL DISCOUESE. 

Middlesex, altlioiigli it was not till some time after, that tlie 
bounds of the new county were made to include the Yalley 
of the Millstone, * in this vicinity. But it was now a stir- 
ring period of settlement and colonization. Glowing ap- 
peals were made respecting the desirability of the lands on 
the Earitan and its branches, and the large patentees had 
hardly received their grants before they found many eager 
purchasers for smaller tracts. On June 10th, 16S8, Wm. 
Dockwra, for having induced large emigration from Eng- 
land and Scotland to !N"ew Jersey, received patents for 2,000 
acres in the valleys of the Millstone f and Raritan, and for 
3,815 acres on the tributaries of the Millstone, — to be after- 
wards located. He also came into possession of many other 
immense tracts of land, in various parts of the province. 
He was a Scotchman by birth, but at this time a merchant 
in London. The proprietors had such confidence in him, 
that they gave him full powers of attorney to cede lands in 
Ea^t Jersey at his own option. But, sad to say, he abused 
their confidence, to his own interest, and was subsequently 
superseded.:}: He died in 1T17.§ 

* The present turnpike line, between Somerset and Middlesex, "was 
fixed in 1766. — Early Records of Neip Brunswick, Map. 

t "Tlie western part of Middlesex County is watered by MiJhtone 
River, which runs through a pleasant valley belonging to Mr. William 
Dockwra, of London." — Extract from Oldmixon's Hist. Brit. Emp,, fiur- 
nished by Wm. A. Whitehead, Esq. 

These lands were mostly on the east side of the Millstone, extending 
from the present farm of IMr. Cropsey, more than two miles up the 
river. He also came into possession of 6,800 acres in Montgomery 
township, north of Blawenburgh, in 170G, which he sold the next year 
to John Van Home. 

X Governors Rudyard and Lawrie had acted a similar part, with 
lands on the Earitan, and with a similar fate. 

§ Mr. Dockwra was never in this country. 



HISTOEICAL DISCOURSE. 17 

About 1690, Capt. Clement Plumstead obtained a large 
grant of land, including tlie territory of our present vil- 
lage. "William Plumstead (probably a brother,) had lands 
to the north-west, in the vicinity of the farm of the 
late Henry Wilson. Clement Plumstead's land extend- 
ed up the Millstone two miles, to what is now Black- 
well's Mills, and west, to the road leading by the pres- 
ent John P. Staats' house to Cross Roads. Thomas Barker 
had the next plantation up the stream, having a mile and a 
half of riverfront, and extending west as far as Plumstead's ; 
while Mr. Hart and "Walter Benthall owned the next two 
plantations, which carry us up to the hills this side of 
Princeton. 

The next large -plot of land in this vicinity was purchased 
or inherited by Peter Sonmans.* His father, Arent Son- 
mans, was one of the twenty-four j^roprietorSjt and who, at 
length, became possessed of five full shares of East Jersey. 
In 1693, his son Peter obtained a deed for about 36 square 
miles of the western part of our present township of Hills- 
borough, and a large part of Montgomery. His line began 
near Clover Hill,:|: and ran S. E. along the present county 

* Mr. Sonmans was a native of ITolland, having been educated at 
Leyden, and held important offices under the Prince of Orange, after he 
became King William III. He was Surveyor-General of Jersey for four 
years, a member of the Council, a judge of the Court of Common Pleas, 
and represented the County of Bergen in the House of Assembly. He 
was a churchman by profession, but gave land for a dissenting church at 
Hopewell, and for a Dutch Church at what is now Harlingen. He is said 
to have borne a bad character. — Col. Hist. N. Y., vol. v., pp. 204, 328, 535. 

t Probably this tract had not been laid oif to Arent Sonmans in his 
life-time. Peter may have inherited his father's interest, merely. 

t Beginning at the south corner of a tract of land, of 3,000 acres, for- 
merly laid out to Peter Sonmans, on the South Bi-anch, fronting south- 
east by east, 3° more easterly, and running along the division line of 



18 HISTORICAL DISC0UE8E. 

■ \ 

line, for six and a quarter miles, to a point directly 
west of Blawenburg, and thence east and soutli-east, border- 
ing on Dr. Greenland's land to the Millstone River, near 
Kocky Hill, and thence down the river a mile and a half, to 
' the previous river grants (Benthall, etc.), and so along the 
southerly and westerly sides of these, and the lands of Royce^ 
until it struck the Raritan, following which river and the 
South Branch, and winding around a couple of plantations 
previously ceded to Hooper* and Bennett, his bounds re- 
turned to Clover Hill, the place of beginning. Thus, our 
township began to be ceded about 1683, and all its lands 
had been actually taken up by individuals or companies by 
1693, and the same was true of Montgomery township on 
the south, and of Bridgewater on the north, at least to the 

East and "West Jersey six and a quarter miles, to the corner of 'William 
Penn's land, thence east one and a half miles and five chains, cast-south- 
east two and a half miles and five chains, to north corner of Henry- 
Greenland's land, thence east by south along his line to Millstone 
Eiver, down said river one a^d a half miles, to upper corner of Walter 
Benthall's land, thence opposite to the foot of Rocky Hills, thence west- 
north-west two and three-quarter miles and two chains, north-north-east 
three and three-quarter miles and three chains, east- south-east one mile 
and eighteen chains, west by north one and three-eight miles, to south- 
east corner of Thomas Cooper's land, west by north one mile and ten 
chains, north by east two and a half miles and nine chains, to Raritan 
River, up said River one-half mile and five chains, to corner of Dan. 
Hooper's land, around which, south-west by south and north-west by 
■west, to the South Branch, up said Branch to the lower corner of Robt, 
Bennett's land, thence south-east by east two miles, less six chains, 
south-west by west one mile and six chains, thence west-south-west 
to place of beginning, containing 23,000 acres. — Deed in possession of 
Peter A. Voorhees, Esq., of Six Mile Run. 

t Dan Hooper received 640 acres on Feb. 17th, 1G92, beginning at 
the junction of North and South Branches, running down the river abotlt 
half a mile, and up the South Branch about two miles. 



mSTOKICAL DISCOURSE. 19 

Elae Hills, if not farther. The Millstone Valley began to 
be pennanentlj settled about 1690, 176 years ago.* 

Respecting the present Franklin township on the east (not 
including the Raritan lots before referred to,) there seem to 
be conflicting grants. f While Wm. Dockwra owned an im- 
mense tract, extending more than two miles along the Mill- 
stone, yet in or before the year 1700, John Harrison, of 
Flushing, Long Island, purchased of the Indians :j: directly, 
a tract west of the Raritan lots, and aj^parently running back 
to tlie Millstone River, reaching nearly to Griggstown, on 
the river, and a little beyond Six Mile Run on the south-east. 
It embraced about 27 square miles. By or before the year 
1700, therefore, all the neighboring territory was in the 
hands of Europeans. Royce and Sonmans, in the west, and 
Harrison and Dockwra, in the east, were among the first 
great landholders of the territory of om* present congrega- 
tion. 

But the Government of Kew York was at this time 
administered by Governors appointed by the Crown, and 
was quite oi)pressive.§ The same was also true of Kew 

* In the charter of the Church of Hillsborough, it is stated that the 
people of this place represent " That their ancestors and predecessors 
have been inhabitants of the township of Hillsborough and places adja- 
cent, from the first Christian settlement of the colony." 

t For further particulars, see Early Records at New Brunswick, p. 2'i2. 

X The Indian titles and those of the proprietors often conflicted. 
Royce is represented as a troublesome man, because he incited the peo- 
ple to hold their lands by the Indian titles alone. — W/dtehcacPs East 
Jersey, p. 224. 

Yet it is also known that Dockwra sold portions of Franklin township 
afterward. — Papers of Jacob IVyckoff, of Middlebush. 

Some of his grants had been located here. 

§ Riker's Newtown, pp. 101, 137, and the historical authorities gene- 
rally. 



20 ■ HISTOEICAL DISCOURSE. 

England. East Jersey was governed in a totally different 
manner. It was comparatively a free State. The twenty- 
four proimetors failed not to disseminate information, not 
only concerning tlie climate and soil of Jersey, but also con- 
cerning the freedom of its government, which had been 
increased under their rule. The Dutch ^ around New York 
had always been dissatisfied with the encroachments of the 
English, since the conquest, not only politically, but also in 
their church affairs, the Church of England having been 
established by law. Many of them took advantage, there- 
fore, of this opportunity to change their residence. Dutch 
companies and individuals soon began to buy tracts of vari- 
ous sizes of the original purchasers. Scotch and English 
emigrants also, who were exposed to not a little persecution 
from the national church at home, by the ship-load, arrived 
at Amboy, and penetrated up the Earitan.t 

In 1742, (Feb. 2S,) Clement Plumstead gave 2,000 acres 
of his land, including part of the territory of the present vil- 
laore of Millstone, to "William Plumstead. Its northern 
bound was Peace Brook, and it extended np the river to 
Mr. Barker's land. In 1752, (May 1st,) Wm. Plumstead 
sold 246 acres of this plot, on the south of the Amwell road, 
to Christian Yan Doren, for £740, and he three years later 
sold the same to his son, John Yan Doren, for £100. Mr. 

* The first Dutct on the Earitan came about 1683, and settled proba- 
blv near its mouth. — See Whitehead's East Jerse:/, pp. 289, 294. 

t The town of Piscataway received a charter in 1666 (Whitehead's 
Ambotj, p. AOl) ; and as earlj as 1G80 there were some English planta- 
tions on the Raritan, below New Brunswick. Thomas Lawrence, a 
banker in New York, had 3,000 acres. Also at Pwaritan Landing, set- 
tlements had begun in this year (Whitehead's East Jersey, p. 92, 212). 
The last day of August, 1683, was set apart to meet the Indians andbuj 
the lands at the head of the Raritan. — Smith. 



histoeIcal discouese. 21 

Plumstead* had previously sold tlie strip between tlie Am- 
Avell road and Peace Brook, to Benjamin Tliomj)3on, while 
Lawrence Yan Cleef had bought (also previously), to the 
south and west, of what now became the Yan Doren tract. 
Henry Yauderveer had purchased to the west of Thompson. 

Early in the century, Mr. Dockwra had sold on the banks 
of the Raritan and Millstone, 2,000 acres to John Covers 
and John Brocars ; f 1,800 acres to Yan Wickland Bohoart, 
400 to Thomas Purcell, 160 to Eichard Davis, and 800 to 
Evert Yan Wickland.:}: He also sold a tract of 100 acres 
up the Karitan, to Grotes Beekman and Evert Yan Wickle, 
of ^ew York.§ 

In ITOl John Harrison sold a portion of his tract to a 
Dutch company, consisting of Peter Cor telyou, StoffelPro- 
basco, Theodore Polhemus, Hendrick Lott, Hcndrick Hen- 
dricks, Jacques Cortelyou, and Dennis Tunis, all of Long 

* Plumstead's land began at the moxitli of Peace Brook, running along 
said brook, west-north-'^'est, 124 chains, soutb-south-west, 126, east- 
south-east 206 chains, to Millstone Eiver, opposite to Eeverdic Brook, 
and down the Millstone to the mouth of Peace Brook, leaving Barker 
on the south, Reneer Veghte on the west, and Powelson and John Post 
on the north. 

t He was probably the ancestor of the Scotch Brokaws in this coun- 
try. The French Huguenot Brokaw family originally wrote their name 
Brogaw (see Riher), and in France, Broucard. Bourgon Broucard 
came to America in 1675. He was born in 1645, and married Catherine 
Le Feb re. He left five sons and three daughters ; Isaac (born 1676,) re- 
mained on Long Island, while John (born 1678), Jacob (born 1680), 
Peter (born 1682), and Abraham (born 1684), removed to Somerset 
County, early in the last century. 

X These sales of Dockwra were furnished by Mr. "Wm. A. Whitehead, 
from MSB. in his possession, 

§ Trenton deeds in Secretary's oflSce (I think). This last tract was 
bounded south-east by Cover's and Brogaw's land ; east and west by 



22 HISTOEICAL DISCOURSE. 

leland.* Tliey divided their plot iuto twelve equal lots, 
and in 1703, Cor. AVyckoff,+ of Long Island, joined tlie 
party, purchasing lot ISTo. 5 (1,200 acres), being in part the 
farm now owned by Mr. Jacob Wyckoif, of Middlebush. It 
then extended back to the Millstone. Still later, in 1723, 
Christian Yan Doren (before mentioned,) purchased:}: nearly 
a square mile to the north of the present Middlebush church, 
running back to the Haritan and Millstone lots, already laid 
out. lie came from Monmouth, whither the stream of 
Dutch en:iigration from Long Island had first set. 

The sales of John Koyce are involved in considerable 
perplexity, on account of conflicting grants, and human dis- 
honesty. § Koyce's patent originally took in, as we have 
Been, a square of land between the Millstone and the Rari- 

Dockwra's ; soiitli by land formerly owned by Stacklius ; and north by 
Eich. Davis' and Evert Yau Wickle's land. 

* Papers of Jacob Wyckoff. The next tract south, John Harrison 
sold to Thos. Cardale, William Creed, Sam. Dean, Jona Wood and Sam. 
Smith, in 1702, and Cardale sold his share to John Berrien in 1703. — 
Early Rec. at Neiv Brunsicick, p. 272. 

t He sold to his son John 300 acres for £200, who built a log house, 
■where Sam Garretson now lives. John's son, Cornelius, was the first 
child born in Middlebush, and succeeded his father on this tract, dying 
in 1795. — Ralph Voorhccs. 

The ancestor of the Wyckotf fjimily came to this country in 1636 
(Pieter Claesz 'Wyckoff), and settled at Flathinds. He married Grietje 
Yan Ness, and his sons were Claes, Hendrick, Cornelius, John, Gerrit, 
Mai-tin and Peter. (Riker's Neuioivn, p. 324.) This Cornelius is proba- 
bly the one who bought land at Middlebush, in 1703. 

I He appears to have purchased of Dockwra, from certain documents 
in possession of Jacob Wyckoff, of Middlebush. It is also said that 
the Yan Dorens came to Monmouth direct from Holland. 

§ Concerning Royce's dishonesty, see Whitehead's East Jersey, p. 224. 
But Mr. Hamilton's references to the situation of the neighbors, upon 
whom Eoyce encroached, do not seem to be in harmony with well- 
known facts of their location. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 23 

tan, and extended from the covered bridge soiitli and south- 
west for two miles, and thence east to the Millstone. But 
Mr. Royce fraudulently obtained another patent, still re- 
taining his old, which extended his possessions three miles 
further up tlie Raritan, and to Peace Brook, in this village, 
(the brook flowing under the arch bridge,) encroaching 
greatly on Mr. Plumstead, on the south, and on Mr. Cooper 
on the west. "While he originally received less than five 
square miles in 1685, in 1693 he leased about eight square 
miles of land for 1,000 years to Charles Winder,*^ for £206, 
with the privilege of redeeming it in three years. This he 
never did, but still continued to dispose of the lands, and the 
executors of both parties, after their deaths, claimed the 
same territory. In 1702, John Coevers (or Coevert,) bought 
2,500 acres of Eoyce and Dockwra, on the Millstone and 
Royce's Brook ; while in 1703, Andrew Coeymans, of Al- 
bany, bought 500 acres of Royce, it being stipulated in the 
deed that that tract especially should henceforth be called 
Roycefield.f This is the j)i'esent district of that name. 

Royce died in 1708, and his executors sold 1470 acres of his 
land to the east of Rovcefield, and between the Raritan and 

* Early Rec. at New Brunswick, p. 197. Thougli called a lease, it 
seems to have been of the nature of a mortgage. 

t Eoyce was now living at Piscataway. This deed is dated June 2d, 
and the tract was sold for £80. Beginning at a small maple tree, at 
the mouth of a small stream of water, in a gully, by Ed. Driukwater's land, 
then south ninety-one chains, west forty -eight chains, north 123 chains, 
north 3° west, twenty-three chains to the Earitan ; then by said river west, 
six chains twenty-five links, south 3° east twenty-three chains, east sis 
chains twenty-five links, to a walnut-tree, thence east by meadow land, 
formerly sold by Eoyce to Graham, and so to the place of beginning. — 
Parchment Deed, Amboij. 

(These bearings are not altogether consistent, though copied correctly 
from the deed.) 



24 HISTOEICAL DISCOUKSE. 

Millstone Eivers and Kojce's Erook, (to be liencefortli known 
bj the name of Kojston,*) to Philip Hedman, for less than 
five dollars an acre ; and four years later (1712) Hedman 
sold the same tract to Michael Yan Yechtj f and his asso- 
ciates, viz., Yolkerse, Post, Allen, Wortman, Tunison, An- 
driese, and Yan^ Nest. ^ But this land, as well as the 
adjoining tract to the south, was now also claimed by 
the executors of Winder ; and this Dutch company, hav- 
ing come in some way into possession of £500 of Royce's 
estate, from whom the land had been honestly purchased, 
with this money leased the two tracts § of Winder's execu- 
tors for the yet unexpired term of "Winder's lease — viz., 979 

* Eojce's executors "vrere John Borron, Jolm Harrison and 'M.ary 
Crawley ; besides the streams, on their sides, Royston is described as 
having the lands of John Van Dine and Ananias Allen, on the west. 
(Ooeyraaus had probably sold a part of Roycelield to these. Hedman 
paid in all £1,350. Pwoyce's will was written in 1706. — Early Records 
at ^ew Brunsividc, p. IT-i. 

t Early Rcc. N. B., p. 179. This Michael Tan Yechty is not the 
one still remembered by some of the old people, but an ancestor of bis. 
He also owned land on the north of the Raritan. 

I A law was passed in 1094 to raise a tax of £150 in the province, 
and Peter Van Nest was appointed for Somerset. But the sparseness 
of population at this time is shown in that Somerset's proportion was 
only £4 16s Gd. "VThile the other counties had their several towns, 
Somerset could not s^. ecify a single one. (Laws of State.) Rev. Ry- 
nier Van aSTest (son of Peter,) was born in 1T38, near the Raritan, and 
received the early part of his education under Rev. John Frelinghuy- 
sen. He was licensed in 1760. — Rtker's Neictou-n, p. 242. 

§ The tract leased by Royce to "Winder in 1G93, and now claimed by 
Winder's executors, and bought a second time by Van Vechty, is thus 
described : Beginning M the west end of an island in Raritan River, 
formerly owned by John Robinson, deceased, then south by west along 
Thomas Cooper's land, three miles, thence in a direct line to the head 
of a stream, now agreed to bo called Peace Brook, being the north bound 



HISTORICAL DISCOUKSE. 25 

years — binding themselves mutually to make up the £500, 
if Royce's heirs should ever recover it. Thus were the titles 
of Van Yechty & Co. made perfect. In 1703, therefore, 
the Dutch came into Roycefield, and in 1712 into Royston, 
a name now forgotten by the inhabitants of Harmony 
Plains. 

On June Ist, 1702, John Covers bought of John Iloyce 
512 acres of meadow land on Millstone River, then in the 
county of Middlesex. On March 6th, 1711, Covers sold 
this tract to William Post for £300.* The central jportion 
of Peter Sonman's great tract of 23,000 acres in the west of 
this and the next township south, was sold to seventeen 
Dutch settlers in 1710.f The north-eastern corner of this 

of Clement Plumstead's land, tlience down said Brook to iitillstone 
Eiver, and down the Millstone foui* miles to the Raritan, and np the 
Earitan six and a half-miles to the -placQ of beginning (excluding Gra- 
ham's meadows, 250 acres). "Winder died in 1710, and George Willocks 
was his executor. He gave a quit claim to Van Vechty & Co. for £555. 
Early Rec. New Brunswick, pp. 192, 197. 

* Early Records at New Brunswick, p. IGO. On June 10th, 1702, 
Thomas Cooper, of London, by his attorneys, Richard Hartshorne and 
Richard Salter, sold 2,000 acres on the south side of the Raritan, to 
Peter De ilunt, for £380 ; beginning at a gully on said river, opposite 
the upper end of a great island (being also Royce's pretended bounds), 
thence south by west three miles (less ten chains), thence v^'est by north 
one mile ten chains, thence north b\' east two and three quarter miles 
(less two chains), to Raritan River, and along said river to place of be- 
ginning. — Early Record at New Brunswick, p. 171. 

t Oa June 10th. This is known as the 9,000 acre, or the ITarlingea 
tract. It embraces a large section of Montgomery and Uillsborough 
townships, and contained 8,939 acres. The names of the parties were 
Octavio Conraats, Ab. "VTendell, merchant, Adrian Ilooghlandt, Isaac 
Governeur, all of city of Xew York; Anna A'olkers, widow, of 
King's County, Long Island ; Henry Hegeman, Francis Yan Lewen, 
Wm. Beekman, all of Queen's County, Long Island ; Joseph Hegeman, 



26 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

tract readied to the present farm of Adrian Merrill, from 
thence running west near to what is now "Wood's tavern, 
and thence south-west in a straight line to Rock Mills, ahout 
seven miles ; while its eastern bound went in a straight line 
from said Adrian Merrill's farm, striking and following the 
present road, which is on that line, to the present farm of 
Theodore AVyckoff, and thence across to the old Harlingen 
Cemetery, and thence south-west and west to Eock Mills. 
Among these seventeen purchasers, we find the names of 
Yeghte, Cortelyou, Yan Duyn, Yan Dike, Beekman, arid 
Hooglandt. Thus came the Dutch into the western half of 
our present township.* 

Tliis great immigration and settlement of this portion of 
ISTew Jersey, began under the proprietors ; but while it was 
progressing, they were induced by certain embarrassments 
which they experienced, to surrender their charter to the 
crown. This took place in 1702, and from that time till the 
Eevolution, ISTew Jersey was under royal governors, being 



Hendrick Yeghte, Cor. Yan Duyn, TVonten Yan Pelt, Ort Yan Pelt, 
all of King's Coimtr, L. I. ; Dirck Yolkers, of New Jersey ; Peter Cor- 
telyou, Jacob Yan Dyke, Claas Yolkertse, all of King's County, L. I. 
Bounded as follows : — Beginning at the south corner of land of William 
Plumstead, being one and a half miles and four chains from Millstone 
Eiver (by what is now the new Amwell road) thence south-south- 
west two and three-quarter miles and eight chains, west-north-west one 
mile eighteen chains, south-south-west two and three-quarter miles and 
seven chains, west three and a half miles and three chains, to the par- 
tition line between East and West Jersey, thence north 14° west thirty 
chains, north 53° east seven miles and twenty chains, east one mile and 
seventeen chains, to place of beginning, having lands of Plumstead, 
Barker, Hart and BenthaU on the east, and the division line and other 
lands of Peter Sonman on the west. 

* The Staats family settled on the farm now owned by Peter P. 
Staats about 1750-4:0.— Peter P. Staats. 



HISTORICAL DISCOUBSE. 27 

at times united to 'New York. Many Dutch families for 
many years afterward, however, continued to remove to 
this i^art of !New Jersey, and to purchase Lands of their for- 
mer relatives, as well as from the English settlers, until in 
time, it became almost altogether in possession of the 
Dutch.* But it is plainly impractical)le to trace this any 
further in detail. 

TTe now turn, after this perhaps too long introduction, to 
the ecclesiastical history proper. 

Churches and religious privileges did not by any 
means keep pace with the population. f Yet there was 
a constant call among the people of all this State, for 
religious teachers. All denominations were equally tole- 
rated. The first minister in the State was Rev. Ab. 
Pierson, of Xewark, in 1666, a Presbyterian, and a church 
was organized there the next year. 

The country about Amboy and Elizabeth were very early 
eupplied to some extent, as before the year 1700, Fletcher 
and Riddle, and Airsdale and Allen, and Drake and Harri- 
son, and Shepherd, ^ had labored in that field, besides some 
missionary Episcopalian eff'orts. § 

The first Dutch minister in this State, was the Rev. Guil- 
liam Bertholf, M-ho preached for thirty years at Ilackensack 
and Aquacononck, beginning in 1694 ; || and in 1709, the 

* In the charter of the five Collegiate Dutch churches in 1753, it is 
represented that the Dutch are now very numerous in these localities, 
and constantly increasing. 

t See Whitehead's East Jersey, pp. 294, 302, 330, and his History of 
Perth Amhoy, p. 383. 

X Whitehead's Amboy, pp. 28, 212, 371, 384, 404. 

§ Whitehead's Amboy, pp. 209-212. Whitehead's East Jersey, p. 169. 

I The church of Ilackensack was founded in 1G86, hut the Dutch 
church of Bergen is the oldest in the State, having heen founded in 
1660. The first Dutch minister in America was Jonas Alichaelius, La 



28 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

Dutcli churclies in Monmoutli county, wliicli liad been earlier 
settled, obtained the services of Eev. Joseph Morgan, wlio 
labored there for twenty-two years. Tliese two in ISTew 
Jersey, and never more at one time than two in Isew York 
city, and two on Long Island (and at one period from 
1702-1705, these four were reduced to one), constituted all 
the Dutch ministers around Xew Tork city or in ISTew 
Jersey, being never more than six at one time ; and indeed, 
before the arrival of Frelinghuysen, in 1720, in these parts, 
there had never been more than seven Dutch ministers at 
the same time in Anierica. How little divine service could 
these then distant settlements enjoy ! '^ 

The church of Millstone is, indeed, one of the younger 
Dutch churches in this section of the State, and it would be 
a comparatively easy task simply to take up her history 
fi'om the organization ; but such a plan would leave much 
of the ecclesiastical history of the families now on our terri- 
tory, in an obscurity, always unpleasant to the thoughtful 
student, who is not satisfied with a work partially per- 
formed. A brief reference to the neighboring churches, 
which for more than half a century the inhabitants of the 
Millstone Yalley attended, and with some of which they 



1628. The settlers prociTred ministers from Classis of Amsterdam, in 
Holland, through the West India Cd. 

Taylor's Annals of Classis of Bergen, p. IT-A. 
Col. His. N. Y., vol. a., pp. 759-770. 
* Gualterus Dubois labored in Kew York from 1699 to 1751 ; Ber- 
nardus Freeman, on Long Island, from 1705 to IT-il ; Yicentius Auto- 
nides, also on Long Island, being colleague with the former, from 1705 
to 1744 ; and Henricus Boel, in Kew York, as colleague with Dubois 
from 1713 to 1754. These were the only Dutch ministers, in the 
Yicinity of Xew York, in the first quarter of the last century, and from 
these, and the two in Jersey, all the help must have come. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 29 

several times conjointly called a pastor, will snrely not be 
deemed inappropriate.* 

About 1699, Eev. Giiilliam Bertliolf, tlie only Dutch 
minister then in JS'ew Jersey, organized the church of 
Itaritan. The place of worship stood at first and until the 
Revolution, just over the Raritan, near the residence of the 
late Mr. Dunn. But in 1703, we find also a church organi- 
zation, and probably a building, at Three Mile Run, where 
the old grave-yard yet remains ; for in that year, we find a 
list of pej'sons subscribing to the amount of £10 16s. and 6d. 
to pay the expenses of a minister from Holland. These 
were families f who had settled on the Harrison tract, and 
on the Raritan lots, and some few from beyond the Mill- 
stone. But no pastor could be procured till 1720, when 
Rev. T. J. Frelinghuysen arrived. But in the meantime 
(1717:}:), the little church of Three Mile Run, sent out two 
colonies, establishing from itself the churches of ISTew 
Brunswick and Six Mile Run. And about the same time, 
or a little after, a Dutch church was organized at the 

* The large correspondence of the Classis of Amsterdam, in Holland,, 
with the Dutch churches in this country, will no doubt throw con- 
siderable light upon the history of all tliese early churches. It will 
soon be accessible to the public. 

See Mints, of Gen. Syn. for 18G6, p. 112. 

t Their names were Hegeman, Tunis Quick, Hend. Emens, 

Thos. Cort, Jac. Probasco, Neclas Wyckoff, avi L. Draver, Mic. L. 

Moore, John Schedemeun, Nee. \ixn Dike, John Yan Ilouten, Wil. 
Bennet, Folkert Van Xostrand, Jac. Beunet, Hend. Fanger, Ab. Bennet, 
Cor. Peterson, Philip Folkerson, Geo. Anderson, Stobel Probasco, Isaac 
Le Priere, Simon Van Wicklen, Cobes Banat, Garret Cotman, Lucas 
Coevert, Brogun Coevert, Wil. Van Duin, Dennis Van Duiu, John 
Folkerson, Jost. Banat. 

I Possibly Six Mile Bun was organized as early as IVIO. I am told 
there was a letter published in the "Christian Intelligencer" some 
years ago, stating such a fact, derived from some records in Bucks 
Ccui.ty, Pa. ; but I have not seen it. 



30 EISTOEICAL DISCOURSE. 

Brandies of the Earitan, called the church of I^orth Branch, 
and -which, in 1738, was removed to Eeadington. 

Thus bj the year 1720, there were no less than five 
Dutch churches on the Baritan and its branches, plainly 
showing that in the twenty years preceding, there had been 
a large immigration of Dutch from IS'ew York and Long 
Island. A Mr. Alexander, in writing to ex-Governor 
Hunter, in 1730, says that the road from Brunswick to the 
Delaware is lined with white fences, and comfortable look- 
ing farm-houses ; whereas, in 1715, when he traveled that 
road before, there were only four or five houses between the 
Earitan and the Delaware. The country was then, how- 
ever, as we have already seen, and as the list for Three 
Mile Eun jDroves, more thickly settled back in Franklin 
township, and along the Earitan. Do. Frelinghuysen lived 
a little west of Three Mile Eun, proving probably that the 
main part of his people lived in that vicinity, and his grave 
is pointed out in that locality to this day, though without a 
Btone to mark the spot.* 

We cannot, of course, go into his history in detail,t as all 
that is known of him has been publislied in various forms 
heretofore. Suffice it to say, tliat the long lack of frequent 
religious services had produced a most lamentable declen- 
sion in the piety of the people, vrhich had perhaps been 



* Do. Frelingliuvsen lived in the place now owned by Jolin Bronson. 
— R. Voorhees, of ]\tiddlebush. 

t lie was born at Lingen, in East Friesland, nanovef, about 1691. 
He was ordained in Friesland in 1717, by John Brunius, and settled at 
Embden. The churches of the Earitan obtained Mr. Frelinghuysen 
through the kind offices of Rev. Mr. Freeman, of Long Island, who also 
afterward vindicated him from the aspersions of his enemies. 

See FreUnghuijsen's Sermons, pp. 5, Y, 299, 85T. 
Messlefs Memorial, Taylor's Annals, p. 170. 
Gunn's Livingston, p. 359. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 31 

somewhat formal before, and Frelingliiiysen, being tlio- 
rouglilj evangelical, and bold withal,* not sparing their 
sins of any kind, necessarily aronsed great opposition, 
(1723.) But in the strength of God he persevered, and 
maintained his position to the end, and succeeded in 
impressing upon the new generation, his own deeply 
religious character ; and now for his fidelity, he is univer- 
sally honored by the descendants of those who once 
opposed him. 

It was during his time, also, that the Dutch denomina- 
tion became rent into two factions — the Coetus, represent- 
ing the thorouglily evangelical party, the party of progress 
and reform, and to which Frelinghuysen contributed not a 
little ;t and the Confereiitie, as the other party was called, 
representing formality, and adherence to custom, and horror 
at innovation,:]: even when change would be undeniable 

* His enemies sliut liis churches against him, so that he had to preach 
in harns, in '1725. In the same year a slanderous book appeared 
against him, and afterward a lawsuit was begun, to try to eject him, 
but he was acquitted by the court ; they also complained of him to the 
Classis of Amsterdam, but they sustained him. New Brunswick is not 
named in the protest against him. 

Frelinghuysen's Sermons, pp. 7, 8, 353. 
Whitehead's East Jersey, pp. 1G8, 291, 305-7. 

t Mr. Frelinghuysen was one of the originators of the Coetus, in 
1738 ; the eminent and useful elder, Hendrick Fisher, of New Bruns- 
wick, accompanying him. The text in Mints, of Gen. Syn., vol. i., 
pp. 8, 13, does not decide whether the Frelinghuysen who is there said 
not to have won over his consistory yet to the Coetus, is Theodore of 
Earitan or John of Albany. 

X Both the Frelinghuysens had helpers, (like the Apostles,) to par- 
tially supply their places when absent ; but some found great fault with 
this innovation. The Conferentie, seeing their waning influence, 
became at last unwilling to have the majority rule. — Mints. Gen. Syn, 
vol. i., p. 96., and Messler''s Memorial. 



32 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

imj^rovement. For fifty years did tlie strife contiime, 
■wliicli was often very bitter, all the chnrclies in this 
county haying tvro consistories,* rejn-esenting, respectively, 
the progressive and the nnprogressive parties. And it was 
only through the changes brought about by the American 
Eevolution, that this strife was at length eflectually 
allayed, f 

It was during the first Frelinghuysen's ministry, more- 
over, that the church at what is now called Harlingeu was 
formally organized, although for some cause, not now well 
understood, he himself was not invited to do this work, 
though it lay within his pastoral field. :{; Kev. Ilenricus 
Coens, who had commenced to labor during the preceding 
year at Aquacononck, ordained the Consistory on May 18th, 
1727. Tliey called themselves the church " over the Jfill- 
stone^"^ § indicating aj^parently thereby, that the inhabitants 

* Mints. Gen. Sijn., vol. i., p. 103. Gunn'^s Livingston, pp. 141-143. 
Harlingen Records, 1734. 

Kain, the Sv\-edisla traveler, in 1728, speats of one Presbyterian and 
two German (Dutch?) churches in ISTew Brunswick. Possibly the Con- 
sistory was divided, or Kain may have been mistaken. 

t The Conferentie frequently refused to recognize the ministers of the 
Coetus as legitimate, but God had received them, and they finally pre- 
vailed. "While negotiations were progressing for several years before, 
to free the American churches from infantile dependence on Holland, 
the independence of the country settled the matter forever. 

I See Mints. Gen. Sijn., vol. i., p. 4, respecting this church, und* the 
younger Frelinghuysen. 

§ Die Kerk op der Millstone. The name Millstone, applied to the 
river, occurs in the first references to this section of country. There is 
a tradition, (though not very reliable,) that a millstone "was once lost in 
the river, when crossing a bridge, and never recovered, and hence the 
name. Scot, writing in lG8o, says that the hills on the north were 
filled with good millstones, {WliiiclicaiVs East Jersey, p. 205.) and this 
may have suggested the name for this branch*' of the Earitan ; but it is 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 33 

of that region liad previously attended cliurch at Six Mile 
Hun. It was known by the name of the Church of Mill- 
stone, * and afterwards sometimes bj the name of Sourland, 
until after the death of the elder Eev. Yan Harlingen, 
when out of memory to him, and to distinguish it from our 
own village, it became incorporated, under the name of 
Ilarlingen, in 1801. It was soon after organization, very 
largely increased in numbers, and prospered much. Fifty- 
three members were received in the first twenty years. It 
began with only seven, f 

Two years after the organization of what is now the 
church of Ilarlingen, (viz., 1729,) the old church of Three 
Mile Hun, although Frelinghuysen was living close by, 
made an effort to call a minister for themselves ; and since 
they were not acting in concert with the other churches, 
but alone, it would seem, that it must have been disaffec- 
tion on their part toward the faithful Frelinghuysen. In 
the same document,:}: the church building at that place is 

also sometimes early spelled as mile-stone, perhaps a mile-stone on 
some route, standing on its banks, and in wliat place so likely, as whero 
the road from Brunswick to Trenton crosses the Millstone, near Prince- 
ton, that being just twenty miles from the Raritan? This is the most 
probable derivation. The present village of Millstone is frequently 
called Middleburgh in early deeds. 

* "The Church of Millstone," in all records before 1766, and some- 
times after, means the church now at Harlingen. Hence the error in 
the Manual of R. P. D. C, which dates the organization of Millstone in 
1727, the writer not then being acquainted with these localities. 

t For a fuller account of the church of Harlingen, see Christopher 0. 
Hoagland's pamphlet. 

t Papers in possession of Hon. Ralph Voorhees, of Middlebush. 
Henry Vroom and Fred. Van Liew were appointed a committee to 
carry out these matters, if successful, in procuring a minister. The fol- 
lowing names are attached to the salary-list for this call : A. 

Boorham, Simon Wyckoff, Dennis Van Duyn, Smock, Cor. Peter- 



34 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

represented as old and dilapidated, and thej agree, if they 
secure a minister, to build a new place of worship shortly, 
to be located on the lands of John Pittenger, at Three Mile 
Enn. But they did not procure a new minister, and pro- 
bably tlie new building was never begun, and with the 
disuse of the old, the church in that place expired. The 
last reference to it is in 1751.* Tor a long time previous, 
it had had two consistories. 

Dos. Antonides, De Eonde, and Arondeus,f of Long 
Island, were the troublesome men, who visited all the 
churches in Frelinghuysen's field several times a year. 
They were formal and unevangelical men themselves, 
organizing consistories, which were opposed to the regular 
consistories,:}: and baptizing the chikben of the dl5aflected.§ 
These actions began in 1734, and thirteen years later, 
Arondeus permanently removed to these parts, and died 
in 1754. But the locality of his home and grave are 
unknown. 

After the death | of Eev. T. J. Frelinghuysen. about 

son, Geo. Anderson, Wm. Van Durn, Jac. Boise, Hen. Smock, Chris. 
Probasco, "Wm. Konwenlioven, Jac. Bennet, Pet. Bodiue, Gid. Marlat, 
TTm. Bennet, Paul Le Boyton, Francis Harrison, Ab. Bennett, Isaac 

Le Queer, Jac, Bennet, , Nic. Daily, Ad. Hardenbrook, Luke 

Covert, Jac. Probasco. 

* See 3Iints. Gen. Syn., vol. i., pp. Iv., csxxi. 

t See Mints, of Gen. Syn., vol. i., session of 1751. 

X See vol. i. Gen. Syn., pp. cxxxi., ciii., Iv,, Ivi., for fuller particulars. 

§ The Harlingen Eecords have a list of baptisms by Arondeus, from 
1744 to 1749, including certain baptisms at 'Rantsm.—Frelinghuysen's 
Sermons, pp. 855-58. 

See also the second paragraph of p. 340, and pp. 354, 358, of Freling- 
huyszn's Sermons. Mr, Frelinghuysen called him a dead man. 

II He left five sons and two daughters ; viz., Theodore, vrho preached 
at Albany, 1745-1760, when he went to Holland to raise funds for a 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 35 

1747, the clim-clies of New Brunswick and Six Mile Knn 
conjointly called Rev. John Leydt, who was one of the 
students prepared and examined by tlie Coetus in this 
country. His call was approved, September 27, 1748. 

Tlie other three churches, viz., Raritan, Harlingen and 
Readington, united and called Rev. John Frelinghuysen,* 
the son of their preceding pastor^ and who arrived in this 
country in August, 1750. He lived near Somerville. 

During his time, the people of Harlingen built a new 
church near the present site, leaving the land originally 
given to them, where the cemetery remains. The youthful 
pastor dedicated the new building in 1752, preaching from 
the texts — 1 Kings viii. 29, and Psalm xxvii. 4 : " That 
thine eyes may be open toward this house, night and day, 
even toward the place of which Thou hast said, My name 
shall be there : that thou mayest hearken unto the prayer 
which thy servant shall make toward this place." And, 
" One thing have I dtisired of the Lord, that will I seek 
after, that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the 
days of my life, to behold the beauty of the Lord, and to 
inquire in His temple." 

During the ministry of Leydt and the younger Freling- 
huysen, in 1753, the five Dutch churches over which they 
presided, obtained a common charter, including them all 
under one corporation. 

But the youthful Frelinghuysen's labors were not long in 

literary institution, and on his return was lost at sea ; John, who suc- 
ceeded his father in Somerset County ; Jacob and Ferdinand, died at 
sea on their return from Holland in 1753 ; Henry, who settled at 
"Warwarsing and Rochester in 1756, and died in 1757; Anna, married 
Rev. "Wm. Jackson, of Bergen, and Margaret married Rev. Thos. Eomeyn, 
of Long Island. 
* See Mints. Gen. Syn., vol. 1., pp. liii., xcvii. 



36 - HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

the cliiircli l3elow. After onlj four years of service, and at 
the early age of twenty-eight, he died. This took place in 
September, 1754.* An effort was then made by the chnrch 
of ]^orth Branch, to induce the united congregations to call 
Rev. John C. Freyenmoet, who had been preaching for ten 
years at Minisink and connected places, on the upper 
waters of the Delaware. And though there was a strong 
party in his favor in each of the churches, they did not 
succeed in their design,f having their eye already on 
Mr. Jacob H. Hardenbergh, who had married young Fre- 
linghuysen's widow. In the meantime, in 1758, the churches 
of l!!^echanic and Bedminster were organized, and these two, 
in connection with the other three, in the same year called 
Mr. Hardenbergh, (who was ordained in October,) and 
who served the three northern churches, (with the excep- 
tion of a visit to Holland of two years,) for twenty-three 
years. But Sourland and !N^echanic, during his absence, 
called Rev. John M. Yan Harlingen,:}: in 1761,§ and he 
served these two churches till his death, in 1795, the people 
making great lamentation over him. 

In 1759,1 the year after Mr. Hardenbergh had been called 



* He died suddenly on Long Island, while there to attend the 
Coetu^. — Min. Gen. Syn., p. Ixsxix. 

He left one son, Frederick, who was the father of the late Hon. 
Theodore Frelinghuysen, 

t They had only three or four services in two years, after Frelinghuy- 
een's death. — Mints. Gen. Syn., vol. i., pp. ciii., xcix. 

\ He was a native of Millstone, but had gone to Holland to be 
educated. 

§ Doc. Hist. N. Y., vol. i., p. 406. He was no doubt a descendant of 
Frans Van Harlingen, of Holland, with whom Dr. Livingston frequently 
stayed when in that country. — Gunn's Livingston, p. 80. 

\ Kev. "Wm. Jackson, of Bergen, a great field orator, and second only 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 37 

to the five cimrclies nortli and west of the Haritan and the 
Millstone, the English settlers of Millstone petitioned to 
have regular preaching in this locality.* While we have 
been tracing the history of the Dutch Presbyterians, we 
must remember that the English Presbyterians were 
increasing in even a more rapid ratio. The Presbytery of 
New Brunswick had been organized since 1738, and all 
around, Presbyterian churches had sprung up. Many ship- 
loads of persecuted dissenters, from England and Scotland, 
had arrived at Amboy, and moved dii-ectly up the Paritan, 
and were the founders of the early Presbyterian chiu'ches in 
our county,t and these are represented, by early writers, as 
persons who had been refined and purified by afflictions 
and persecutions. 

to Whitefield, was called in this year as a colleague with Hardenbergh, 
but did not accept. — Taijhr''s Annals, p. 125. 

* Rec. Presbytery of New Brunswick. The Presbytery met at Basken- 
ridge, Oct. 30th, 1Y59. It then consisted of Eevs. John Guild, Israel 
Eeed, Benj. Hart, Sam. Kennedy, Sam. Harker, "Wm. Tennent, David 
Cowl, Chs. McKnight, Jas. McCrea, Thos. Lewis, John Prudden, and 
Conrad "Wortz, besides elders. 

t The first Presbytery organized in America was that of Philadelphia 
in IV'OS. The "Wall-street Presbyterian church, (the first in city of Xew 
York,) was organized in 1716. {Doc. Hist., iii., 79. Rikefs Newtown, 
p. 138.) The Long Island Presbytery was organized in 1717, taking in 
Kew York and Westchester. That of East Jersey a little later, and 
that of Few Brunswick in 1738. This Presbytery, at its organization, 
included the following churches in this vicinity : — Paepack, Crosswicks, 
Cranberry, Maidenhead, Hopewell, Bound Brook, Baskenridge, Leba- 
non, Eeadington, Neshamiuy, and New Brunswick. (See Whitehead's 
East Jersey, pp. 20-1, 257, 268, Whitehead's Amboy, pp. 23, 35. Smith's 
New Jersey, p. 166.) This rapid immigration, and the feelings of the 
immigrants themselves, show a powerful religious prescience, that God 
intended America as the field for the development of liberty and 
religion. Compare Eev. xii., which certainly received its crowning 
fulfillment, in the flight of the many religious exiles to these shorea. 



38 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

The Dutch and English in this vicinity therefore united, 
and built a common place of worship, about 1760. 

Eleven years before, the Presbyterian church of Bound 
Erook had called and settled a young man by the name of 
Israel Kead, and now the Presbyterians of this place enter 
into an engagement witb the church of Bound Brook,* to 
secure a service once a month. The Dutch also held service 
about as often in the same buildinc, which stood on the 
present premises of Mr. Van Mater Yan Cleef, of this 
village. Dos. Leydt, Yan Harlingen, and especially Har- 
denbergh, preached for them in this place. 

After a few years, however, some difficulty occurred 
between the parties, in reference to the church building, 
the points of which have not been distinctly ascertained, 
and the Dutch resolved to build a church edifice for them- 
selves. Mr. Israel Eeadf served the English in this place 
for about nine years, after which he divided his laboi's 
between Bound Brook and New Brunswick, till 1786, when 
Eev. Walter Monteith succeeded him in the latter place. 
Mr. Read continued at Bound Brook till 1793, when he 
was killed by being thrown from his wagon at Earitan 
-landing, November 28, 1793, being in his seventy-iifth 
year.J After he ceased to preach in Millstone, about 

* The Presbyterian churcli of Bound Brook was organized about 
1700, and that of Baskenridge in 1732, English and Scotch Presby- 
terians began to locate on the Raritan as early as 1683, tlie first ones 
coming from Amboy, Wooubridge and vicinity. — Dr. Rogers' Hist. Ser~ 
mon of Bound Brook. 

t Rev. Mr. Lamb, of Baskenridge, occasionally, and Rev. Mr. Crea, 
from about l745-'50, supplied the Presbyterian church of Bound Brook 
before the settlement of Mr. Reed. 

I Ilis successors were — Rev. l^avid Barclay, 1794-1805 ; Rev. Selah 
Strong TToodhuU, 1805-1806, when he went to R. D. C, of Brooklyn; 
Rev. Jas. Paterson, 1809-1813; Rev. Wm. A. McDowell, 1813-1814; 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 39 

1709, tliejliad supplies occasionally,* from tlie neighboring 
Presbyterian churches, until the Revolution, and between 
the close of that event, and the beginning of this century, a 
Eev. Mr. Elmore,f from Elizabethtoyrn, preached here a part 
of his time, as tradition says, though no documentary evi- 
dence concerning him at this time, has been met with. 

After the Revolution, considerable correspondence :j: took 
place between the Presbytery of 'New Brunswick, and the 
Classis of I^ew Brunswick, respecting this Presbyterian 
church in Millstone ; but the early books and papers of 
Classis, which contained this correspondence, are lost, — 
said to have been destroyed by fire. The Dutch complained 
that the Presbyterians encroached on their territory, and 
committees of conference were appointed. But the Presby- 
terian congregation gradually dwindled, until it became 
extinct. The building, no longer safe, was taken down 
about 1S09.§ 

On July 26th, 1766, seventy heads j| of families of the 



Rev, Jolin Boggs, 1815-1828 ; Eev. Dr. Eodgers, 1830 to present time. 
—Dr. Rodgers' 3ISS. Sermons. 

* In ITTO the licentiate, "^m. Schenck, supplied them two SaLhaths, 
and subsequently Rev. Sam Kennedy, of Baskenridge, Rev. Mr. Van 
Arsdale, and Rev. Mr. Smith, of Cranberry. In 1775 this Presbyterian 
church united with Kingston in calling a man, but without success ; on 
April 23d, 1776, they petitioned for a minister to assist Mr. Elmore in 
the celebration of the Lord's supper, (hence Mr. Elmore must have 
been at this time unlicensed,) and Mr. Kennedy was appointed. 

+ He died between sixty and seventy years ago. 

t 3Iints. Gen. Sijn., vol. i., pp. 10-4, 108. 

§ It was a small building with a very steep roof. It is said that the 
land belonging to it, having been sold, the proceeds were divided 
among the heirs of the original donor, by the name of Ten Eyck. 

I! Peter Schenck, Cornelius Van Liew, Hend. Probasco, Ab. Van 
Beuren, Hend. Schenck, Jice Smock, John Vanderveer, Lawr. Van 



40 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

Dutch settlers of the Millstone Yalley, addressed a petition 
to the Dutch ministers and elders of Raritan, j^ew Bruns- 
wick, Six Mile Run, and Millstone, (i. e. now Ilarlingen,) 
as follov/s : — " We, the undersio-ned, belono-ino' to the afore- 
said congregations, and living where the four congregations 
meet, finding it verj inconvenient, and sometimes impos- 
sible to attend the Dutch church or Dutch services with 
our families, which, in view of God's command, and our 
baptizmal vows, we feel to be the duty of ourselves and 
children, and also for other reasons which we might pre- 
sent ; therefore we have deliberated, whether a new congre- 
gation ought not to be established by taking some from each 
of these congregations ; and having considered it advisable, 
we request respectfully your council and advice. If our 
desire be approved, (and our prayer is that it may prosper,) 
and we on the Lord's day, once a month, or as often as pos- 
sible, may be served, by our three ministers ; then, for the 
accomplishment of the same, we will provide a place of 
worshijD, and salary. This petition, we sign with respect, 



Cleef, Earn. Ditraars, Bergen Coevert, Jr., Sam. Brewer, John Van 
Doren, John Smock, Peter Stryker, Dan. Covert, Jac. Wvckotf, Jac. 
Van Xoorstrandt, Hend. Wilson, Jer. Douty, John Strjker, Cor. Lott, 
John Probasco, Christiaen Van Doren, Ab. Van Doren, Phil. Folker- 
son, John Blauw, Pet. Blauw, Ab. Metzelaer, Peter Perrine, Burgon 
Hoff, Jer. Silwill, Jac. Stryker, Wm. Geo. Prall, Mary Arrismith, 
Jac. Metzelaer, Aron Van Dorn, Wm. Spader, Pet. Cavaleer, Peter 
"Wilson, John Christopher, John Brokau, John Iloogeland, John Covert, 
Mindert Wilson, Isaac Brokau, Joseph Arrismith, Joseph Vanderveer, 
Eem, Gerritson, Juryee Van Cleef, Dirrick Oroesen, Peter Wyckoff, 
John Powelson, Stephen Turhune, Douwe Ditmars, Hend. Vander- 
veer, Luke Rynierson, Reynier Van Hengelen, Sam. Gerretson, Jac. 
Gerritson, StofFel Van Arsdalen, Gerret Turhune, Jos. Cornel, Parent 
Stryker, Gretje Cornel, John Ditmars, Eoelof Turhune, Marritje Van 
Nuys, Wm. Corteljou. 



HISTOEICAL DISCOUKGE. v 41 

siibmissiou and love, praying God Almighty to overrule all 
tilings for the best. 

" And furthermore, the salary, as is usual, shall be paid 
by each one of us. Tlie Rev. ministers, above mentioned, 
are invited, with elders from each of the congregations, to 
come together at the house of Peter Schenck, on Monday, 
the eleventh of August, prox." 

Accordingly on the eleventh of August, 1766, Eev. John 
Leydt, pastor of the churches of I^ew Brunswick and Six 
Mile Run, with an elder respectively from each, viz., 
Hendrick Fisher, and Ab. Yoorh^ese ; Rev. Jacob R. Ilar- 
denbergh, of Raritan, with the elder Reynier Yan ISTeste ; 
and the Rev, J. M. Van Harlingen, of Mechanic and Sour- 
land, with elders Simon Yan Arsdalen, and Johannes De 
Mott, met together at the house of Peter Schenck, (which 
stood on the present premises of Deacon Broach,) and after 
prayer, each of the points of the petition were thoroughly 
discussed, and the petition and plan were approved ; except 
that the new congregation should not have the services of 
the three ministers without the consent of their respective 
congregations, as it would infringe on their calls. They at 
once proceeded to erect a Consistory, and to establish the con- 
gregation under the name of Xew Millstone. They accord- 
ingly elected Joseph Cornell and Peter Schenck for elders, 
and Johannes Hogelandt, and Ab. Yan Beuren, M.D., for 
deacons. Dominie Leydt, of Kew Brunswick, was appointed 
to ordain the new Consistory on a certain day, the date of 
which is not given, but being prevented by an accident, 
this duty was performed by Dominie Hardenbergh, of 
Raritan. ^ 

A little difficulty was at once experienced in reference to 
the bounds of the new congregation, as the Consistories 
of each of the other churches complained that it was taking 



42 HISTORICAL DISCOUESE. 

too many families from tliem.* Accordingly eacli Consis- 
tory determined what families could be spared, and no 
others should attempt to go, and those who were permitted 
to go, should also have the privilege of remaining in their 
old connections if they chose. Our Consistory protested 
that these arrangements very much contracted them, but 
still promised to do nothing to disturb the peace. 

The three neighboring ministers, by an arrangement en- 
tered into with their con^egations, each preached at !New 
Millstone four times a year, giving them conjointly a ser- 
vice once a month. Tlius matters stood for eight years. 

The first thing the new consistory attempted to do, was 
to erect a house of worship, in accordance with their pro- 
mise, and also because it was not agreeable longer to use 
the Presbyterian edifice, which it would seem from the 
withdrawal of the Dutch, had been built chiefiy by the 
English. A subscription wag begun, in December of the 
same year, which received seventy-eight names,f and an 
aggregate amount of £4i6 or $1,115 00, the subscribera 
agreeing to pay the sums promised, in four installments of 
six months each, beginning May 1st, 1767. The subscrip- 
tion paper states that the Church should be built on a piece 
of land near the Somerset Co. Court House, (this being the 
County-seat,) which land should be bought by the builders 
of John Smock. It was further stipulated, that the congre- 
gation should belong to the Coetus, i. e., the progressive 
party in the church, showing that the efforts of the First 
Frelinghuysen, on the people of this locality, had not been 

* This subject was agitated for many years. In 1790 the road run- 
ning west from the brick- walled cemetery, was made the division line 
between Earitan and Millstone, Weston also being included in Raritan. 
Consist. Book 2. ;?. 13. 

t See Appendix. Note 1. 



HISTORICAL DISCOUESE. 43 

in vain. Subscriptions * ■were also solicited for lielp in 
!New-York and on Long Island, and £104 10s. lid. or $260 
■were thus received for the original building of the Church. 
John Yan Doren gave land to the church immediately 
north of the present parsonage lot, on what is now the gar- 
den of Dr. Fred. Blackwell. But John Smock, who owned 
the plot where the church now stands, being willing to 
exchange with the Consistory, they gladly accepted of the 
proposal, on account of the superiority of the site, and hence 
the deed for the ground stands in the name of John Smock, 
dated Jan. Tth, 1767, to certain trustees,f in behalf of the 
congregation. The land comprised eight and a half tenths 
of an acre, and was valued at £10. This plot was subse- 
quently increased, by three different purchases of land, viz., 
the square west of the Lecture Room of Dan. Disborough, 
in 1S14,:{: the western end of the grave-yard of John Broach, 
in 1831:,§ and a small plot in the northwest corner of the 
yard, of Dan. Disborough, in 1835, || costing in all $191. 

* The Committee to build the Church consisted of Eem Ditmars, 
Hendrick "VVillson, Jan Probasco, Jan Vanderveer, Cor. Van Lewen, 
Hend. Probasco, and John Van Doren. 

t These were Eem Ditmai's, Hend. Willson, John Probasco, John 
Vanderveer, Cor. Van Lewe, John Van Doren, and Hend. Probasco. 
Bounded as follows : — Beginning at a point in Benj. Thompson's line, 
thence north 873^° east, 3 chains and 14 links, to the middle of the 
road, south 2)0° west, 3 chains, to John Van Doren's line, along which 
south 87)4° west, 2 chains, 75 links, north 9^^° west, 3 chains, to placo 
of beginning. 

{ This was a rectangle of 38 X 72 feet, and cost $40. 

§ Beginning in the Am well road in Van Doren's line, north 4=} 2° west, 
3 chains, 4 links, to Disborough's line, along which north 87^2° ^^st, 
46 links, thence south 10° east, 3 chains, G links, to Amwell road, and 
up said road north 87° west, 75 links, to place of beginning, containing 
2-10 of an acre. 

II Beginning at north-east corner of John Broach's lot, being also a 
corner of Disborough's lot, north 4,^4° west, 57 links, north 87,^2° east, 



44 HISTOKICAL DISCOURSE. 

These several plots together constitute the present church- 
yard, including a little more than an acre. 

This first house of worship was probably completed within 
a year and a quarter from the organization of the church. 
Its breadth, like many of the old churches, was greater than 
its depth. It contained in all sixty-six pews, two being 
reserved by the puljDit for the Consistory, one by the west 
wall, (the wall pews faced the congregation,) for the justice, 
and two tiers or eight pews in the back of the church, were 
free. A stairway ran up in the south-west corner to the 
belfry. The church contained three aisles, and two large 
pillars arose, in the midst of either block of pews, to sup- 
port the roof. This building, though considerably damaged 
by fire in the devolution, and having undergone a couple 
of thorough repairings, stood for sixty years. 

The baptismal register of the church begins April 3d, 
1T6T, when Eva, daughter of Dr. Yan Beuren, one of the 
deacons, was baptized, and baptisms occur afterwards every 
few months, showing regular services. But only fifteen 
formed the original membership of the church, including 
officers, and ten were added by profession and two by cer- 
tificate, during the period that they remained without a 
pastor.* 

53 links, to a corner of PheLe Lett's lot, south 4° east, 57 links, sonth 
87>2° west, 53 links, to place of beginning, containing 3-100 of an 
acre. $1. 

The plot now occupied by the lecture-room, was given by Dan. Dis- 
borough for a school lot, in 1814. It is 130X38 feet. In 1860, by an 
act of the Legislature, the school district obtained power to sell this lot, 
that they might locate the school on the hill, north of the town ; it was 
bought by certain trustees in behalf of the members of the congregation 
of Hillsborough, living in school district No. 3, to be used by them for 
educational and moral purposes. 

* Our Consistory paid to each of the neighboring Consistories about 
|40 a year, for the services of their ministers. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 45 

It was also during this time, that the great convention of 
Dutch ministers and elders was held in l!^ew York, for the 
purpose of consummating the independence of the Dutch 
churches in America, of the parent church in Holland. 
Peter Schenck, of this church, signed the articles,* which 
bound the conflicting parties, to union and peace, in behalf 
of the church of ITew Millstone, the Coetus having at last 
triumphed in their reformatory efforts. 

It is probable that at this convention, (October, 1772,) 
Mr. Schenck, the elder from this place, became acquainted 
with Kev. Christian F. Foering, then preaching in the 
German church in the city of Kew York, and which ulti- 
mately resulted in Mr. Foering's settling at Millstone. He 
was first called in November, 1773, as a colleague of Do. 
Hardenbergh, of Raritan, the two churches uniting in the 
call. They promised him £130, a house, and sixty acres of 
land, and urged him strongly to accept. But his congrega- 
tion in New York being very feeble, and his Consistory 
fearing that their church would die if he left, he resolved to 
his own temporal discomfort to remain in New York. 

The congregation of New Millstone, notwithstanding 
their ill success in procuring at present the services of Mr. 
Foering, did not despair. 

In the summer of 1774, (July 23d,) they bought a parson- 
age farm in two unequal plots, containing about fifty-three 
acres, and for which they gave bonds to nine individuals, 
(of whom they borrowed money to pay for it,) amounting 
to £318. Four and a half acres additional were added the 
next spring. It is the place now occupied by John Henry 

* At this convention, the Circle (or Classis,) of New Brunswick was 
organized, 1771. The first volume of their minutes, reaching from 
1771-1811, is lost, and thus probablj much material, which might have 
been used profitably in this history. 



46 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

TVilson, Esq., of this townsliip.''^ The two larger plots were 
bouglit of Peter Wilson,! the smaller one of John Baunett. 



* The trustees for this farm were Peter Schenck, Esq., Jos. Cornell, 
Ernestus Yau Harlingen, Johannes Hoagland, Dr. Ah. A-^an Beuren, 
John Probasco, Dr. Lawrence Vanderveer, Cor. Lott, Hend. "Wilson, 
Cor. Van Lewe, Hend. Probasco, John Van Doren, Earn Ditmars, John 
Smock, John Strjker, Garret Terhune, Jr., John Bennett, and Wm. 
Van Doren. Bounded as follows : — Beginning on the Millstone at the 
south-east corner of lands of Hend. "Willson, west along his line 11 
chains, on the edge of the upland, north 22° east, 5 chains, Vo links, 
north 89° west, 33 chains, 35 links, to the middle of the road that leads 
from the Somerset Court House to the Earitan ; along said road south 
17)^° west, 12 chains, to north-west corner of Cor. Lett's land ; along 
his line north 87^4° east, 28 chains, 40 links, to a corner of John Ben- 
nett's land ; along his line north 1° west, 1 chain, 92 links, thence north 
87^4° east, 2 chains, 60 links, south 54° east, 12 chains, 40 links, to the 
Millstone Eiver, along which 10 chains 82 links to place of beginning, 
containing 42 2-10 acres. Also, another lot, beginning at a stake, 
thence north 89° east, along Hend. Willson's line, 24 chains, 58 links, 
south 10° east, along Isaac Van Huys' line, 4 chains, south 87^2° "west, 
24 chains, 68 links, along line of Ernest. Van Harlingen, north 4° west, 
along Cor. Lott's line, 3 chains, 40 links, to place of beginning, contain- 
ing 9 1-10 acres. On May 1st, 1775, John Bennett sold an additional 
lot to the parsonage for £30, on the south-east corner, as follows : — ■ 
Beginning at north-east corner of Cor. Lott's land at Millstone Eiver, 
north 53)^° west, 9 chains, 50 links, north 30' west, 2 chains, 44 links, 
south 77>2° west, 2 chains, 56 links, to a corner of the Parsonage farm, 
along Parsonage line north 30' west, 1 chain 92 links, north 77>2° cast, 
2 chains, 60 links, south 53>2° east, 12 chains 40 links, to a corner of 
Parsonage, thence down the Millstone to the place of beginning, con- 
taining 4)2 acres, and 20 perches. 

t Hendrick Wilson had come from Long Island in the second quarter 
of the last century. He was born about ICSO, and died in 1750. He 
bought a large tract of land, (probably of Michael Van Vechty,) and by 
will directed it to be divided between his four sons, and daughter, 
giving to Myndert £20 additional, as his birthright. Myndert, (born 
about 1716, died about 1800,) received the western part, and lived 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 47 

The bouse was at once repaired, Henry Wilson, Peter 
Stryker, Sr., John Strjker, Henry Probasco, and Lawrence 
Yau Cleef, being the building committee, and when ready 
for use, the Consistory found themselves indebted £393. 
The final payment was made in 1779. * In the fall of 1774, 
therefore, they renew their invitation to Mr. Peering, and 
this time ^vith better success. He accepted of this call in 
the early part of October, 1774, and moved the following 
month. He states in a letter, that the low Dutch language 
was rapidly passing away in Millstone, and that he was 
called to preach altogether in English. 

Christian Frederick Foering was born in Hanover about 
1736. His father was a soldier in that kingdom, (at this 
time united to the English crown,) and died in the military 
service. His mother was a woman of great energy, and 
looked with dread to the time when her son should grow up 
to manhood, only to be impressed into the army, and per- 
haps to lose his life, in some of the petty personal disputes 
of princes and kings. She therefore determined to leave 
the country, with her only son, and seek for him liberty, 
and a proper chance in the race of life, in the wilds of 
America. But it was difiicult to escape with one, who 
would in due time become subject to military duty, yet she 
devised a plan. She tied her boy, then seven years old, to 



wliere now lives Lfr. French ; John lived on vrhat is now the farm of 
Albert Yoorhees ; Hendrick lived on the present place of Jas. Elmen- 
dorf, (died about 1802,) and who gave about $1000 to the church, 
which, with other legacies, has been invested in successive parsonages ; 
and Peter, (not yet of age in IVoO,) who lived on the present place of 
John n. "Wilson, and who sold a part of his land in 1774 for a parson- 
age. Myndert left four sons — Hendrick, William, Myndert, and Jacob — 
of whom the first is the grandfather of Lawyer Wilson, of this place. 
* See Appendix — Note 2. 



48 mSTOKICAL DISGOUESE. 

her back, and tlms skated across the noble river Rhine, and 
at some one of the neighboring ports, secured a passage to 
New York. In this country, but under what auspices, has 
not been positively ascertained ; he was educated for the 
ministry, probably under Dorsius, of Pennsylvania. In 
September, 1771, he was called to a German Reformed 
church* at Germantown, in this State, which congregation 
was under the care of the German Coetus. A couple of 
years before, he had married Miss Margaret Miller, daugh- 
ter of Sebastian Miller, a merchant of that place. 

Mr. Foering only remained at Germantown about eight 
months, having been called, on March 21st, 1772, to the 
German Reformed church in the city of Is^ew York. He 
succeeded Rev. Mr. Kern, who had been laboring there for 
eight years, and at the same time transferred his relations 
to the Dutch Coetus. In that place he preached twice 
every Sabbath in German, and on Wednesday evenings in 
English. He was able also to preach in the Dutch tongue. 
But his stay in 'New York was not very long. In eighteen 
months after his settlement, he received his first call to Xew 
Millstone, and eleven months later the second call, which 
he accepted. His congregation in New York were very 
loathe to part with him, because of his fidelity and zeal. 
But when he at length felt it his duty to remove, his church 
sent a letter to the Consistory here, warmly commending 
him to their love and care, hoping that he would win many 
souls to Christ, and that he would dwell and prosper 
among them, until his Lord should call him to his ever- 
lasting rest. This was, indeed, literally fulfilled. As he 



* Wliich one of the early Germantowns this is, I do not know. It 
•was a German Reformed, and not a Lutheran church, as the call, still 
preserved, shows. 



HISTOKICAL DISCOURSE. 49 

I 

left tliem, his congregation presented liim with a service of 
silver, in token of tlieir regard, and which is used by his 
descendants, and the descendants of his wife by a second 
marriage, now living in Philadelphia, to the present day. ' 

Mr. Foering was a man of deep personal piety. He had 
been called to I^Tew York, as his call, (still preserved,) 
expressly states, nj)on the recommendation of Rev. Mr. 
"Weyburgh, hecause he was a man who had sjpirit and Ufe, 
and who would talce troitble to hring soids to the Lord 
Jesus. Some scraps of correspondence, which have been 
preserved in his family, have a peculiar unction of piety 
about them. lie also was the author of several poetic 
elFusions, on religious topics, and of at least one, wliich has 
been preserved, said to be descriptive of the lady to whom 
he was engaged, and whom he afterward married. He was 
an ardent and active patriot also, in the American Eevolu- 
tion, and one of the original trustees in Queen's College.* 

During the lirst eighteen months of his ministry here, 
which brings us down to the Declaration of Independence, 
eighteen jjersons united with the church on profession of 
their faith. During the next three years, doM'n to his 
death, not a single one. The excitement and the party 
strife, and the frequent proximity of the armies, seriously 
interfered even with the religious services. 

* During his ministry here, (April 6th, 1775,) the church was incor- 
porated under the name of Hillsborough, (the name of the township.) to 
distinguish it from the church at Ilarlingen, which was then called 
Millstone. Our township may have taken its name from the Mechanic 
mountain, within its bounds, or possibly from Lord Uillsborough, 
though it is not known that he had any interest in these immediate 
localities. {Boc. Hist. Neiv York, vol. i., pp. 354, 499, etc.) All the 
deeds of church property were now made out anew to the Con- 
sistory. 



50 HISTOEICAL DISCOURSE. 

The Consistory of tlie clmrcli well understood the ques- 
tions and princii^les involved in the approaching conflict, 
and six months before the Declaration of Independence, 
recorded their sentiments uj^on the records of the church. 
Tliey called the brewing strife, " an unhappy and unnatural 
dispute between the ill-disposed ministry of Great Britain, 
and the oppressed colonies ;" they mourned over the many 
sins and iniquities of the whole empire; and set apart one 
day a month, in which the congregation should come 
together for humiliation and prayer.* 

The mancBuverings of the contending armies, in liberty's 
conflict, frequently involved the quiet and peace of the 
Millstone valle3^ In "Washington's retreat across the State, 
in the fall of 1TT6, he passed within a few miles east of us, 
along the road from ifTew Brunswick to Princeton, and 
through Six Mile Eun. The first winter of the war, to the 
no little discouragement of many, the enemy held our 
State. The main British army was at Kew Brunswick, and 
the Hessian mercenaries were roaming through all the 
countr}^, acting like Goths and Yandals, plundering and 
outraging the inhabitants. But in January, 1777, having 
recently captured Trenton and Princeton, Washington 
m.arched his forces through our township, on his way to 
Morristown. It was on this march, or possibly on a similar 
one in December of the same year, as the army of liberty 
passed the parsonage, half clothed, unshod, and in want of 
food, that the patriotic Foering, collecting all the stores of 
his house, (it being, moreover, just after baking time,) and 
cutting the food into convenient portions, distributed them, 
as far as they would go, to the weary and hungry soldiers, 

* July 17th, 1776, New Jersey answers the letter of the provisional 
Congress, promising to stand with the others for Independence. 



HISTORICAL DISCOUESE. 51 

as tliey hurried on tlieir way. On one of these occasions, 
as the arm J passed, thej encamped for the niglit on the 
field directly south of the present parsonage, Washington 
himself sleeping in tlie north-west corner of the parlor of the 
present homestead of John Van Doren. 

On Jan. 20th, 1777, a skirmish took place on the bridge 
at Weston. An American party had destroyed the boats 
ascending the Raritan,* laden with provisions, for the 
British at Xew Brunswick, Tiiey accordingly sent out a 
foraging party to collect supplies from the country. Tlie 
Americans met them at this bridge, and attempted to cross, 
but could not, as the enemy had three field pieces. They 
numbered six hundred, and had a large number of cattle 
and a quantity of forage. Tlie Americans numbered four 
hundred and fifty men, and were under the command of 
Gen. Dickinson. They therefore sought a ford below, and 
breaking tln-ough the ice, waded the river, flanked the 
enemy, and routed them, capturing 43 baggage wagons, 
lO-i horses, 118 cattle, 60 or 70 sheep, and made 12 
prisoners. They lost five men in this efibrt, while the 
enemy lost about thirty. Washington warmly commended 
Gen. Dickinson for his gallant success. Raids up the 
Baritan at this time were common. 

In the spring of the same year, Washington encamped 
his men at Middlebrook, near Chimney Bock, 8,000 in 
number, where he remained for some weeks. The British 
forces under Howe approached him here, in two columns, 
Gen. De Heyster halting at Middlebush, and Lord Corn- 
wallis, proceeding to Millstone, encamping on the present 
farm of ]\Ir. John Wyckofl:*, on the east side of the river, 
and both columns fortifying themselves. Millstone was at 
this time plundered by the British, (June, 1777,) the Pres- 

* Whitehead's Amboy^ p. 340. 



62 HISTOEICAL DISCOUESE, 

byterian and Dutch cliiirclies both set on fire,* and the 
interior at least of the Dutch, completely demolished, 
though the building was saved. Several farm houses vrere 
also burned. But the British, finding "Washington's position 
too strong for them, retired to New Brunswick, and soon 
evacuated the State, through Amboy and Staten Island, 
"Washin2;ton holdino; IsTewark and Elizabeth. Previous to 
this advance of the British, Millstone had been, for at least 
the six months preceding, in the American lines. This por- 
tion of the State was, after the spring of 1777, left com- 
paratively free, for a year and a half. But the church was 
not efi'ectually repaired till 1784, five years after. Yet 
religious services were held frequently, somewhere, as the 
records show that uj)wards of one hundred infants were bap- 
tized during these five years, and also before the church 
was efi'ectually rejDaii-ed, no less than forty-two persons pro- 
fessed the faith, though these were under Do. Foering's 
successor (1780-1784). 

In the fall of 1778, after the battle of Freehold, Washington 
took up his winter-quarters again at Middlebrook. About 
this time Mr. Foering preached a very patriotic sermon, so 
as to lead to the formation of a company, from his congre- 
gation. The British sent out a party to capture him, so as 
to prevent his efiforts among his people. But his wife 
received word, in some way, of their intentions, and he 
being sick in bed, she quickly despatched some of the men- 
servants to a safe place with a wagon load of goods, and 

* " On June 24, (1777,) Gen. Howe's army made a movement, and 
advanced as far as Somerset, a small town lying on the Rarington, 
betwixt Boundbroock and Princetown, wbich they plundered, and set 
fire to two small cburches, and several farm houses adjacent, etc." 

Narrative of Serjeant Grant. 

Col. Hist. N. Y., viii., pp. 728-730. 



HISTOl^ICAL DISCOUESE. 53 

helping Iier husband to prepare for his flight, she next, with 
the terrified maid, geared np the horse herself; and he, 
though hardly able to proceed, after bidding his wife a sad 
farewell, started for a place of safety, probably to Washing- 
ton's camp, and his wife returned into the house to her 
three children, the oldest but eight years of age. " In a 
very short time the enemy came up, and in their angry 
search for one whom with oaths they stigmatized as ' That 
rebel Foering,' thrust their swords through every bed in 
the house." 

Millstone was during a part of this winter (lTTS-9) again 
in the British lines. Several officers were quartered on the 
Parsonage. " With the exception of one petty subordinate, 
they all treated their compulsory hostess, with, the utmost 
courtesy and respect. Every day after dinner, they gave 
her little son a glass of wine, to carry to his mother, with a 
message to drink Gen. Washington's health. But day by 
day, as she received it, she poured it into a demijohn, 
reserving it for her absent and sick husband, whom, she 
believed, in his feeble health, it would greatly benefit. 
Upon the departure of her guests, by the evacuation of the 
neighborhood, by the British, and her husband's return, 
greatly enfeebled in health, she told him she had a treat for 
him. But to her consternation, when she took down the 
demijohn, it was empty. An Irish woman in her employ 
had drank it all." * 

An anecdote is still preserved in the family, of Mrs. 
Foering's patriotism and courage. " In the dark days of 
the occupancy of the British, they made frequent levies 
upon the parsonage for butter, even after they had stolen 
all the cows they could lay their hands on, Mrs. Foering 
requested the girl, (Katy Davis, mother of our late member 

* Extract from letter of Miss Sarah 0. Souder. 



54 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 



Ab. Davis,) to hide it, when she knew of their approach. 
A cou^ile of British soldiers soon came with their nsnal 
demand. Mrs. Foering replied that she had no butter 
for thon, (her veracity depending on the emphasis.) 'A 
likely story, indeed,' they said, ' that such a fine place 
is without butter.' ' How can you expect butter,' exclaimed 
she, ' when you have already taken away my cows V Just 
then, Katy Davis came into the room, not knowing of the 
soldiers' presence, with a great pewter dish of butter, fresh 
from the churn, exclaiming, ' Where shall I hide it ? what 
shall I do with it V ' Do with it,' exclaimed Mrs. Foering, 
' why throw it to the hogs, sooner than let them have it.' 
Seizing the butter from the terrified maid, she gave it a 
sling across the kitchen, and over the oven, behind which 
it lodged out of sight of the meUj and as they supposed, out 
of reach. Exasperated as they were, they did not injure 
her, and after the men were gone, the butter was re- 
covered." * Tliis was just before her husband's return. 

Mr. Foering leaving home sick, and subjected to exposure 
in his flight, took a heavy cold, from which consumption 
resulted, and he soon died. The day before his death, he 
baptized an infant son, five days old. His mother proposed 
naming her son Jacob, after her brother. I^o, replied Mr. 
Foering, Jacob was a deceiver. Let him be called Abra- 
liam,f who was faithful ! So after the " Friend of God " 

* Exti'cact from a letter of Miss Sarah C. Sonder. 

t Mr. Foering left four sons, Samuel, John, Frederick, and Abraham 
P. Mrs. Laudenslager, of Philadelphia, is a daughter of Abraham, and 
Mrs. Read, her daughter, contributed a valuable letter concerning her 
ancestor. Mr. Focring's widow, afterward married Dr. Janus, of 
Philadelphia, and she was again left a widow in 1796. She died in 
1823. Miss Sarah C. Souder, her grand- daughter by this second mar- 
riage, has contributed a number of valuable papers and letters, which 
have greatly aided in the preparation of this discourse. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 65 

tlie child was named, and it is said, lie well deserved it 
This was the last official act of an earnest, holv, patriotic 
life. The next day, being March 29th, 1779, the first pastor 
of this church breathed his last. His body was deposited 
under the church, in front of the sacred desk, whence had 
issued the kindred lessons of religion and liberty, and his 
dust yet reposes beneath us, in this second edifice, to this 

day.* 

His wife, after his death, being administratrix in connec- 
tion with her father, at once loaned the struggling govern- 
ment, in good currency, the sum of $400. Her patriotism 
did not die with her husband, 

E.ev. Cor. T. Demarest describes Mr. Foering as a o;entle- 
man of the German Calvinistic Church, of orthodox senti- 
ments, and of true piety. Three weeks before his death, 
the Consistory, notwithstanding the lamentable times, raised 
the sum of £472, or $1190, for the last payment on the par- 
sonage. (March 6, 1779.) 

In the fall of the same year, the Court House in this vil- 
lage was burned. It stood on the lot now partly occupied 
by Miss Mary Suydam. Its destruction was connected with 
the successful efibrts of the British, to defeat Washington's 
plan for the capture of ]S^ew York. For this purpose he 
secretly built fifty flat boats, on the Delaware, capable of 
holding seventy men each, and, putting them on wheels, 
rolled them across the State, to Van Yeghten's Bridge, over 
the Earitan, (near Harmony Plains.) Some of the older peo- 
ple still remember their j^arents' accounts of these strange 
wheeled craft, passing through this place. In these he in- 
tended ultimately to cross the Hudson with his men. Lt. 
Col. Simcoe of the Queen's rangers, offered himself for the 

* By a receipt still preserved, it cappears that he once paid £120 for 
a negro boy by the name of Frank, — bought of Ab. Quilp. 



56 HISTOEICAL DISCOURSE. 

dangerous task of burning these boats, and defeating Wasb- 
ington's design. His superior officers approved tbe plan, 
and be undertook it. The Americans were all absent from 
the locality to be traversed, only the militia being left. His 
plan was to ride from Amboy, keeping back from the river, 
on the North side of the Raritan, get to the boats before 
day -light and burn them, and avoiding 'New Brunswick by 
keeping to the west of it, to reappear on the Raritan below 
Brunswick, at the South River, where he was to meet ano- 
ther party of the British under Major Armstrong, and try 
and decoy the by this time pursuing Americans into an 
ambuscade. 

Hiey started on October 25th, with eighty troopers from 
Staten Island, but were delayed in crossing, and were not 
ready to leave Amboy till day-break the next morning. 
Still they proceeded. They feigned to be Americans, and 
accosted the people pleasantly as they passed. But Simcoe 
was recognized when a little East of Bound Brook, and 
word was instantly sent to Gov. Livingston at ISTew Bruns- 
wick, to prepare to head them off. They tried to burn 
"Washington's huts at Middlebrook, but did not succeed. 
They reached the -bridge and found eighteen of the boats, 
and spent forty minutes in firing them. They went to the 
Raritan Dutch Church standing close by, which contained 
harness and provision stores, and fired it, making the 
Commissary and his men prisoners. A shot was now fired 
at the party from the opposite bank, but they at once cross- 
ed, and came up to Millstone, to the Court House here. 
Limcoe lamented that they had been delayed in starting, 
as it was now late, and the country was becoming alarmed 
and beo-innino; to assemble about him. He found three 
tories as prisoners in the court-house : one of them (he says 
was chained to the floor and was a dreadful spectacle, being 
almost starved. These were liberated, and the soldiers asked 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 57 

permission to burn the court-liouse, which, since it was un- 
connected with any other buikling, was granted. But it was 
an unfortunate circumstance for Simcoe, as the light showed 
his enemies his position ; alarm guns were fired in every 
direction, and Gov. Livingston notified to judge of the ene- 
my's whereabouts, by these shots. The party passed down 
through Middlebush, threatening the inhabitants that if the 
firing in the rear were not discontinued, they would burn 
their houses ; but as they approached !N^ew Brunswick, in- 
tending to turn south-ward and leave that city on their left, 
at the road a couple of miles this side, but which they miss- 
ed, they fell into an ambuscade of Americans, Simcoe's horse 
being shot under him, and himself and some of his men 
being made prisoners. He remained a prisoner a couple 
of months at Burlington.* An American Captain, by the 
name of Yoorheese, was killed. There were but few events 
of general interest, after this, in this vicinity, during the 
war. 

The congregation knew not where to look for another 
minister in those troublous times, and were reduced to their 
former circumstances, of depending upon the neighboring 
churches, when unexpectedly a refugee preacher arrived in 
the midst of them. 

Solomon Froeligh had been born at Eed Hook, near Al- 
bany, on May 29th, 1750, O. S. In his fourteenth year, his 
mind was deeply impressed with religious convictions, he 
being then under the pastoral care of Rev. John Sclienema, 
the minister of Catskill and Coxsackie. His father was a 
farmer. Young Solomon begged his parents to give liim a 
liberal education, but their circumstances hardly permitted 
it. But at length, through his mother's influence, when in 
his 18th year, he was placed under the care of Rev. Dirck 

* Whitehead's Amboy, p. 353* 



58 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

Ronieyn, the pastor of Marbletown, "Warwarsing and 
Rochester, to begin the study of Latin and Greek. He 
never received any assistance fr^m his father, but assisted 
himself by teaching schooL Soon after, to possess better 
privileges, he removed to Hackensack, and entered there 
the celebrated academy of Dr. Peter "Wilson. Here he 
made such progress that Princeton College conferred on him 
the degree of A. B. About the same time (Nov. 11, 17T1,) 
he married Eachel Yanderbcck. He now proceeded to the 
study of theology, under Rev. John H. Goetschlus, formerly 
of Switzerland, but now preaching at Hackensack. He was 
licensed to preach the Gospel Oct. 1st, 1771, and on June 
llth,1775,was ordained pastor of the four united churches of 
Long Island, it being only a year before the breaking out of 
the Revolution. 

"With his ardent nature he could not help taking sides in 
that great struggle. The district in which he lived was 
noted also for its disaffection to the cause of Independence. 
Yet in the midst of enemies^ he labored and prayed boldly 
for his country's freedom."^ 

Shortly after the battle of Long Island in August 1776, 
and which occurred in the territory of his congregations, he 
found it necessary to flee to save his life, narrowly escaping. 
He fled to Jamaica, and l^ewtown, and having been con- 
cealed one night in the house of Mr. Rapalje at Hurl-gate, 
he was put across the river to Harlem. He went first to 
Hackensack, and preached while there a most patriotic ser- 
mon from 2 Chron. 11 : 1, exhorting the inhabitants not to 
fight against the cause of Independence, to which many 
there were inclined. Dr. Laidlie, the colleague of Dr. Living- 
ston, heard him, and warmly commended him. In his flight 
he lost his cattle, furniture, books, and clothing, indeed every 

* Riken's Annals of ITewtown, p. 199, and pamphlets on the secession. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 59 

tiling. In company with Dr. Livingston, both being on 
horseback, he started for Foiighkeepsie, keeping on the 
"vvest-side of the Ilndson, and for three years he supplied the 
pulpits of Fishkill and Poughkeepsie (1776-1770). But 
in 1799, he left them, probably on account of the campaigns, 
then beginning in that vicinity. 

In the spring of 1780, he app)eared in Millstone, one year 
after Mr, Foering's death, and the Consistory at once ap- 
pointed Mr. Ernestus Yan Ilarlingen to wait upon him and 
try and secure his services, till he could return to his 
churches on Long Island. They offered to give him as salary 
268 bushels of wheat a year, each bushel to weigh 60 
pounds. 

He declined entering into a temporary arrangement, but 
said he would accept a call, which the Consistory gladly 
offered to give him, and he moved into the parsonage, June 
5th, 1780. Tlie Consistory paid his expenses of moving, 
which in the money of the day, amounted to $1455, one 
dollar in gold being worth at the time $10 of the Continen- 
tal currency. 

But it was impossible for him to get a formal dismission 
from his churches on Long Island, as the enemy held both 
the Island and the city. But the Synod, meeting in Octo- 
ber 1780, at IS'ew Paltz, appointed a committee to settle a 
question of dispute between our congregation and the three 
neighboring congregations, in respect to the bounds of each, 
and if they succeeded in effecting amity, they were then 
empowered in the name of the Synod, to approve the call, 
and in this very unusual case to dismiss him from his con- 
gregations on Long Island. 

But during the summer of 1780, and before the call was 
acted on from this congregation, Mechanic* sought to unite 

* In 1775 (ITovember 13th) we find an order from the Consistory of 



60 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

■svitli lis, and secure a part of Mr. Froeligli's services, 
Xeclianic and Sonrland being tlien under the care of Rev. 
John ]\I. Yan Harlingen. Articles of agreement were 
entered into, and Mr. Froeligh's call, as finally approved, 
stands in the name of the two churches, and is dated 
Sept. -i, ITSO.* He was to preach two Sundays out of 
three, at Millstone, and one at Mechanic, and was to alter- 
nate between the Dutch and English. At Mechanic, when 
the days were long, he was to preach twice a day. Mill- 
stone was to furnish one hundred and sixty bushels of good 
winter wheat, and Xechanic one hundred and eight. In 
ITS-i (April 12,) by mutual consent, his salary was changed 
to £120 proclamation money, of which Kechanic paid £-±0, 
and Millstone £80 a year. 

The next year, October 1st, 1782, the Synod met in the 
church of K"ew Millstone. Kew York was their general 
place of meeting, both before and after the war, but during 
the war their meetings were held at places remote from the 
scene of hostilities, and in 1782, our defaced and desolated 
church, almost unfit to be occnpied, welcomed the Synod 
of the denomination within its blackened walls. The Rev. 
Harmanus Meyer, the pastor at Paterson and Pompton 
Plains, presided over the body, which consisted, however, 
of only nine members. Rev. Dr. Dirck Romeyn preached 
the opening sermon, from Isaiah iv. 5 : " And the Lord will 
create upon every dwelling place of Mount Zion, and upon 
all her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the 



Millstone to the Consistory of Xechanic, given to Mr. Foeriug, for 
£5 15s. 11(1., on account of his salary. Possibly some arrangement 
"between Mr. Foering and Xechanic may have temporarily existed. 

* The dates on the call, and the statements in the Mints, of Gen. 
Synod, vol. i., pp. 80-97, do not altogether agree. I follow the official 
documents in possession of this church. 



HISTOKICAL DISCOURSE. 61 

Bliining of a flaming fire bj niglit, for above all, the glory 
sliall be a defence," a grand text from ^liicli to draw 
encouragement and consolation for the people of God, in 
tliose troublous times. Tor He was indeed ever present 
with them and their cause, as He had been visibly present 
to Israel in the cloud and fire. It was at this meeting that 
Simeon Van Arsdale was examined and afterward licensed, 
and who settled at Eeadington soon after, and died in early, 
life, (1783-1787.) 

The war now being over, and no further dangers being 
apprehended, the Consistory felt the necessity of effectually 
repairing the church.* But they had suffered so much 
from the raids and depredations of the enemy, that they 
were really unable to go to the necessary expense. There 
liad been an almost constant accession of immicrrants from 
Long Island to this county, from among the Dutch, up to 
the beginning of the war. The ties of relationship were not 
yet forgotten, and undoubtedly frequent visitations back 
and forth, when the state of the country did not forbid, were 
made. Mr. Froeligh, moreover, had labored among the 
immediate relatives of the peoj)le here, when he had been 
settled on Long Island, and in fact this people was a colony 
from his former charges, though before his settlement over 
them. They therefore appointed a committee, consisting 
of Mr. Froeligh, Capt. Cornelius Lott, and Peter Ditmarse, 
to visit Long Island, and solicit help,, as the congregations 
there had suffered very little, they having been in the 
British lines throughout the war. The subscription states 
that our church had been much distressed, the inhabitants 
plundered, and the church building in part destroyed, and 
rendered useless ; that the people were unable to bear all 

* It appears that in 1779, Cor. Cornell had given £137 for repairing 
the church, and another individual (name mikno"wn) £91. 



62 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

the expense required alone, and lience were nnder the 
dlsagreecihle necessity of appealing for help to those whom 
Providence had smiled on more kindly, hoping that from 
sympathy, they would be induced to charity and benevo- 
lence toward us. The subscription also states, that the 
names of such as gave should be handed down to posterity 
on the records of the church.* This has been done. They 
* secured thus, on Long Island, the sum of £85, or about $212, 
and the church was now repaired and rendered again com- 
fortable. The seats were now also sold, by which $100 
were raised in addition, and thus the repairs paid for. 

While on Long Island, soliciting funds, Mr. Froeligh's old 
charges tried hard to keep him there, as he had never been 
regularly dismissed.f But he said he was now united to 
another, and refused to remain. He labored here about six 
years. lie was greatly encouraged at the beginning of his 
ministry, by a large accession to the church. This is, 
indeed, the more remarkable, as the times of the Revolution 
are noted for their profligacy and immorality. Tlie first 
winter that he was here, he received fourteen on profession, 
and three by certificate. The next fall, he received sixteen 
by profession, and two by certificate, but during the rest of 
his ministry only six. The revivals under him occurred 
while they had no respectable place of worship. Mr. 
Froeligh's life and experience were somewhat peculiar. 
His spiritual exercises were very deep and overpowering. 
He says of himself in a letter, " While preaching at Mill- 
stone and Mechanic, I experienced God's smiles and his 
frowns. Here 1 have been both on the mount and in the 
valley. The neighboring ministers opposed my settlement, 
and I was not installed for a whole year. I had officiated 
but a short time in these congregations, when to my great 

* See Appendix — Note 3. t Riker's Annals, p. 241. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 63 

joy, a general awakening broke out among my people. It 
aflected persons of every age and color. The word preached 
became powerful ; many became solicitous inquirers what 
they should do to be saved ; many of profligate morals 
became professing and praying Christians. This unexpected 
season filled my heart with great delight, as I began to des- 
pair that Gk)d would ever own me by His blessing on my 
labors. But alas ! I was too much elated. I imputed too 
much to my own abilities, and did not give God all the 
glory. Therefore my joy was changed into sorrow. I was 
seized with a dangerous illness, and brought to the gates of 
death. I cannot say that my confidence in the redemption 
of Christ was much shaken during my illness, and it pleased 
the Lord to restore me. But soon after he gave me up to 
the most gloomy despair, in which I continued for six years ; 
sometimes sunk into inexpressible blackness of despondency, 
overwhelmed with sadness, bereaved of all satisfaction, 
haunted by shocking fears of misery, and assaulted by the 
most horrid temptations to deism, of which I had never 
experienced the least before. My situation was frequently 
rendered intolerable by sudden injections of Satan's fiery 
darts. Tlie arch-fiend so far succeeded, that I thought I 
could not preach, and did actually desist for several weeks ; 
but it pleased the Lord to show me that it was a delusion, 
and I again betook myself to the work, and was enabled to 
preach with more accuracy than I had anticipated. The 
Lord was pleased to deliver me out of this horrible pit, and 
out of the miry clay ; since which I have uniformly enjoyed 
considerable peace and tranquillity of mind." * 

Li 1TS6 he received a call to the two congregations of 
Ilackensack and Schraalenberg, which he accepted, and in 

* This letter was written in Lis old age, nearly forty years aftei 
ward. 



64: HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

wliich places he continued to labor till Ins death, "which 
occurred October Sth, 1827. With his life subsequent to 
his de2:»arture from ns, we have but little to do. In 1791 he 
was elected Professor of Theology, in place of Dr. Meyer, 
of Pompton, who had died. In his new field, he found his 
churches divided into two parties, with two Consistories, on 
account of a difficulty which had begun fifty years before, 
and having tried to unite them, and failing, he took sides 
with the party which were very strenuous in doctrine, and 
opposed to the commingling of Christians of difi"erent names, 
virtually exalting doctrine above practical religion, and 
refusing to unite in the great efibrts of Christian union and 
fraternization, under the power of which the Bible and 
Tract and Missionary, and other union Societies, were 
organized, until at last himself and four others seceded from 
the Dutch church in 1822, when he was seventy-two years 
of age, thirty-six years after his departure from Millstone. 
He was accordingly deposed from the professorship and 
the ministry by General Synod, and although the True 
Keformed Dutch church which he organized continued to 
increase, for six years quite rapidly,* since that time it has 
been steadily declining, and but few congregations of any 
strength remain. Tet the division caused an incalculable 
amount of bad feeling and of sin in Bergen county, and 
some other places. 

"With his departure from this place, the union between 
I^echanic and Millstone ended, (June 8, 1786,) and Bev. 
Mr. Leydt, of ISTew Brunswick and Six Mile Kun, having 
died in 1783,t that union was also dissolved, and now Six 

* The Seceder church culminated in 1830, when they had thirty 
congregations. 

t He died June 2d, aged sixty-five. His tombstone yet remains at 
Three Mile Eun. His wife, Treyntje Sleght Egugnoort, died December 



HISTOEICAL DISCOURSE. 65 

Mile Run and Millstone enter into an agreement to call 
a minister together. Thej agree to paj £130 in equal 
parts, and to have equal services. In Millstone one-half the 
preaching was to be in Dutch, and one-half in English, 
while in Six Mile Run two-thirds to be in Dutch and one- 
third in English. Indeed these two congregations made a 
formal call to retain Mr. Eroeligh, when he contemplated 
removing to Hackensack, but without success. 

In the meantime, during the vacancy, John M. Van Ilar- 
lingen, the son of Ernestus Yan Harlingeu, of this place, 
and nephew of the old pastor of the same name at Sourland, 
was examiued by Synod in Xew York, (October, 1786,) and 
licensed to preach the Gospel ; and on May 1st, 1787, the 
call of the two churches upon him was approved by Synod. 
He was ordained duriug the summer. His own father was 
one of his elders. 

John M. Yan IIarlino;en labored in these churches about 
eight years. It was during his ministry, that the title and 
incorporation of the church were finally fixed. Immediately 
after the Revolution, (1784,) they took measure-s to have 
their old English charter confirmed by the General Assem- 
bly of the State of Kew Jersey, and to have all their former 
legal acts ratified. This was secured on the condition that 
the allegiance required in the charter to the king, should 
henceforth be given to the State of IS'ew Jersey, (the union 
of the States not yet existing.) This was under Eroeligh 
But in 1790, all the neighboring churches, whether col 
legiate or single, including our own, repudiated their old 
charters, that they might incorporate, according to tlie new 
law of 1789. In 1790, therefore, the Consistory became 

2d, 1763, aged tbirty-sis. His daughter, Elizabeth, died October 27th, 
1760, aged twelve, and Anne, died June 10th, 1760, aged seven months. 



QQ HISTOEICAL DISCOUESE. 

incorporated under the laws of the United States and tlie 
State of Xew Jersey, by the name of " The JS^ew Corpora- 
tion of the Minister, Elders, and Deacons, of the Congrega- 
tion of Ilillsborough." Six Mile Hun being freed from the 
common charter of the five churches obtained in 1753, by 
the mutual relinquishment of the same in 1790, also became 
incorporated by herself this year. The union between our 
own church and theirs was ecclesiastical simply, but not 
corporate. 

But each of the churches had a parsonage, and in refer- 
ence to this, they agreed that Mr. Van Ilarlingen should 
live in the parsonage at Millstone on the hill, and that Six 
Mile Hun should sell theirs, (it belonging equally to the 
church of JSTew Brunswick,) and that half the money they 
received, should be paid to Millstone, which should be con- 
sidered a full compensation. Accordingly, they sold their 
parsonage property to Mr. Jacob Skillman, for £390 16s. 8d., 
(proclamation money,) and paid £195 8s. 4d. (or $488) to 
Millstone. It was situated about a mile and a half east of 
Six Mile Run Church, on the l^ew Brunswick road. Here 
Dominie Leydt had lived for thirty-five years, and before 
him, near the same place, the first Frelinghuysen. 

The Dutch language was now rapidly losing ground. 
Although used to a great extent as the language of the 
household, yet the theological and biblical exj^ressions, 
owing to English education, were better understood in 
English. While twenty years before. Dominie Foering had 
been called to preach at Millstone, wholly in English, yet 
under Eroeligh and Yan Harlingen, the arrangement was 
changed, out of deference to the older people. The day 
after Christmas, however, in 1791, Consistory resolved that 
the services on the holidays, which do not fall on Sabbath 
days, shall henceforth be performed wholly in English. 



HISTORICAL DISCOUESE. 67 

Mr, Yan Ilarlingen's ministry, if we may judge from tlie 
additions to tlie cliurcL, was successful. Thirty-four united 
with the church during the first five years of his ministry, 
two of these by certificate. During the last three, not one. 
"We have seen before the same process of additions at first 
in the ministry of each of his predecessors. Tlie first few 
years they were blessed ; during the last years of their min- 
istry, no visible fruits appear. 

Mr. Yan Ilarlingen, for reasons not stated,* resigned in 
the summer of 1795, but continued to live in this village. 
He was a man of extensive acquisitions, and in June, 181'?, 
when the plan of the Theological school was fully organized, 
such confidence was had in his abilities, that he was elected 
by the General Synod, Professor of Hebrew and Ecclesiasti- 
cal History, in place of Dr. Bassett, of Albany, who had 
just resigned. He was thus associated with Dr. Livingston 
and Eev. Sol. Froeligh. Dr. Livingston taught in JSTew 
Brunswick. The other two were expected to teach at their 
own homes, as Dr. Froeligh had already been doing for 
twenty-one years. Mr. Yan Ilarlingen was the translator 
of the English version of Yanderkemp on the Heidelbergh 
Catecliism. 

But his services in his new field were of short duration. 
The Master^ called him to his rest in about a year from his 
appointment. He died, June IGth, 1813, in the fifty- 
second year of his age.f His remains lie in the adjacent 
church-yard, awaiting the resurrection of the just. 

After the resignation of Mr. Yan Harlingen, (1796,) this 

* His last text, as pastor here, is said to have been Jer. xx. 10. 

t The Classis have recorded a lamentation, in their minutes, that 
since Dos. Condict and Van Ilarlingen have died, strict examinations 
of students must cease. (Vol. ii., p. 66.) Surely not very compliment- 
ary to the survivors I 



68 HISTORICAL DISCOUESE. 

cburcli first called Rev. Peter Love, who had been examined 
and licensed at the same time as Mr. Yan Harlingen, and 
who was now laboring in the former charges of Mr. 
Froeligh, on Long Island. But he did not accept the call. 
But among the members of Classis who supplied the pulpit 
during the vacancy, appeared a young man from the Classis 
of Hackensack, in September and November, 1796, and iu 
March, 1797, and with whom the people were well pleased. 
This was James Spencer Cannon. Six Mile Run again 
united with Millstone in the call, and he was ordained and 
installed at Millstone, May 1st, 1797. 

He writes in the church record in his own hand, the date 
of his ordination, and adds concerning himself : " To whom, 
therefore, this church register book is committed, to pre- 
serve inviolate, and to transmit to posterity the acts and 
proceedings of the Dutch Reformed Congregation of Hills- 
borough, under my ministry among them." 

He was born in the island of Cura^oa, (one of the West 
Indies,) Jan. 2Sth, 1776. His father was of Irish descent, 
his mother of ISTew England. Their home was in the city 
of New York, when not on the sea. James was sent to 
school to Dr. Peter Wilson at Hackensack, and in a few 
years his father was lost at sea. He completed his acade- 
mical education under Dr. Miller, Dr. Wilson's successor. 

In 1791, he professed religion, under Dr. Solomon Froe- 
ligh at Hackensack, under whom he studied theology also 
till the spring of 1796, completing his course under Dr. 
Livingston, then on Long Island, and was, during that sea- 
son, licensed by the Classis of Hackensack, in company with 
Peter Labao-h. After considerincj several calls which were 
made upon him, he settled over this and the neighboring 
church of Six Mile Run, at the time already stated Dur- 
ing the vacancy, and intending to continue united with Six 



mSTOEICAL DISCOURSE. 69 

Mile Eiin, the Consistorj here sold their parsonage property, 
to Martin Slienck, for £400, proclamation money, to be paid 
in four equal payments ; £200 of this they paid to Six Mile 
Eun. On the first of May of the same year, the two churches 
purchased a house and lot of land, containing twenty-two 
acres, about a mile west of Six Mile Eun Church, and five 
acres of woodland near the Six Mile Run Church, on the 
same road, and fourteen acres of woodland on sand hills, in 
the Swamp, (of Cor. Barcaloo,) paying for all £624. Dr. 
Cannon lived in the parsonage provided, a few years, when 
it was sold, and the use of the money allowed him, while 
he himself bought a place at Pleasant Plains, where he con- 
tinued to reside until his removal to Kew Brunswick. 

But we have now come down to the opening of the pre- 
sent century, and what wonderful changes have taken place ! 
A century before, an almost unbroken wilderness, but now 
covered with enterprising farmers and artisans, and nine 
Dutch churches, not to speak of many others, in a circumfer- 
ence of twenty miles diameter. Raritan, the oldest church, 
had seen Hardenberg dismissed to the ISTorth, (to the 
churches of Marbletown and Eochester) in 1781, who five 
years later returned to this section to take charge of the 
church of New Brunswick, and to preside over the College. 
In 1793, the Lord took him home, and Dr. Ira Coudict suc- 
ceeded him tkere, for 18 years. Theodore Frelinglniysen 
Eomeyn* had succeeded Hardenberg atEaritan, and in less 
than a year and-a-half, death called him away, at the early 
age of 25, (17S4r-1785 ;) and he had been succeeded by Eev. 
John Duryee in 1786, who labored at Somerville for thir- 
teen years, when, having taken charge of Bedminster and 
"Whitehouse for a cou^^le of years, he removed to Fairfield 

* Son of Kev. Thos. Eomeyn, who had married Margaret Freling- 
huyseiu 



70- HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

in Passaic Coimtv, where lie died about thirty years ago ; and 
at the opening of the centiirj the excellent Vredeuburgh 
had begun his labors at Somerville, and whose wondrous 
fi-uits appeared after his death. Old Dr. Studdiford with his 
forty years of service, (1787-1826,) yet remembered by many, 
had succeeded the short mhiistry of Yan Arsdale at E.ead- 
ington, (1783-1787,) M'ho lilce the second Frelinghuysen 
and Romeyn in the same localities had so early been called 
to rest. Old Dominie Yan Ilarlingen, who gave name to 
one of his congregations after his death, a native originally 
of our own village, and a brother of our active elder Ernes- 
tus, having labored for a generation (1761-1795,) in Father 
Ludlow's and Brother Gardner's churches, preaching only 
in the Dutch, and having for a time at jSTechanic a colleague 
in our own Froeligh received a year or two before his death, 
(179i,) an English colleague, in Rev. "Wni. R. Smith, the 
brother of President Smith of Princeton College. And he 
in turn, after burying his venerable father in the ministry 
in 1795, received three years later the Eev. Henry Polhe- 
mus, as his colleague, a native of Harlingen, who labored 
with him for ten years. So that in the year 1800 we have 
laboring in the Dutch churches of the Raritan and its 
branches, and as companions of the yet youthful and after- 
ward eminent Cannon, the sainted Yredenburgh and Stud- 
diford, Polhemus and Smith, Duryee and Coiidict, and Yan 
Ilarlingen without charge in this village, and an attendant 
on young Cannon's ministry. Here were nine Dutch 
churches, and eight ministers, (seven settled,) where a little 
more than a-half century before, there had been but one 
ambassador of Christ to cultivate this extended field. - 

* See appendix, l^ote 4, where the main data of the history of these 
and the later Dutch churches of the Earitan Yalley are carried down to the 
present time. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. • 71 

The old ciiurch in this year as-ain received a thoroii^rh re- 
pairing, and the seats were taxed to defray the expenses. 
Four years later the music of a church bell first resounded 
over these fields. It was made to order, in l^ew Haven, 
and cost £16. 12s. and 9d, or a little more than $40, and about 
$20 more for transportation. But Mr. Cannon's field, with 
the increase of population, was becoming too large for one 
man. Each of the churches also began to feel able to sup- 
port a preacher alone. He lived moreover remote from 
Millstone, which often proved very inconvenient. These, 
and other reasons not necessary to be specified, induced Mr. 
Cannon early in 1S07, after ten years of labor, to resign his 
call to Millstone, and our ecclesiastical relation with Six 
Mile Run was at the same time dissolved, the latter church 
callino; Mr. Cannon alone. He has left a list of the actual 
number of communicants for the year 1801, whence it appears 
that this church then had seventy members. But another 
list in his own hand in 1806,* reports only fifty-five, not 
one-fifth the present number. He received during the first 
six and-a-half- years of his ministry here, thirty-seven on 
profession, and sixteen by certificate. During the last year 
and-a-half, none. He was eminently a pastor, as his excel- 
lent work on Pastoral Theology, adopted in many institu- 
tions of our land, abundantly proves. With the close of his 
ministry among you, ended your collegiate connections with 
other congregations, about sixty years ago. During the 
first eight years, being without a pastor, and dependent 
upon the neighboring ministers for supply ; and then after 
Foering's four and-a-half years ministry here alone, for 
twenty-seven years you had shared your Sabbath services 
with Mechanic and Six Mile Run. Henceforth, you deter- 

* See appendix, Note 5 



72 • HISTOEICAL DISCOUKSE. 

mined to meet every Sabbatli in your own sanctuary, to 
enjoy the privileges of the Gospel. 

Mr. Cannon, after about twenty years of service at Six 
Mile Kun, was in 1826, elected as Professor of Ecclesiastical 
History and Cliiu'cli Government, as successor to the lament- 
ed Woodhull, in the Seminary at ]^ew Brunswick. He 
became then colleague of Eev. Dr. John De Witt, (the father 
of the present Professor of the same name,) and of Rev. Dr. 
Milledoler, the successor of Dr. Livingston. Here for a 
quarter of a century he labored for his Master, till He called 
Lim to a higher sphere of duties above. He died on Sab- 
bath, July 25th, 1852. 

Pev. John Schureman became the fifth pastor of this 
church. He was called on April 20th, 1807, from the 
church of Bedminster, and began his duties here soon after. 
He was born October 19th, 1778, near ]^ew Brunswick. 
He graduated from the college in that place in 1795, and 
after pursuing his theological studies under Dr. Livingston, 
he was licensed to preach in 1800. The next year he settled 
at Bedminster, where he remained for six years. He was 
probably a descendant of the schoolmaster Schureman, who 
came to America in 1719 with Mr. Prelinghuysen, and set- 
tled with him at Three Mile Pun. 

The Consistory, having no parsonage, having sold out 
theii' interest in their last property to Six Mile Pun church, 
Mr. Schureman lived on the place now occupied by Mr. 
Jacob Yan Cleeve, near Blackwell's Mills. During his 
ministry, an important reformation in the management of 
the finances of the church was attempted, and partly suc- 
ceeded. Many of the pew-holders gave up their old deeds 
to the Consistorj", and received new ones in return, in 
which the pews were made directly assessable for all the 
expenses of the church. But his short pastorate here pre- 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 73 

vented tlie plan from being carried out fully, and in 1S2S, 
at the rebuilding of the cliurcli, unfortunately, it was not 
established. This, is now a change eminently desirable, for 
the interests and character of the church. It should not 
be longer delayed. 

In the fall of 1809 (IS'ov. 17) the Consistory agreed to his 
request to dissolve their relations, he having accepted a call 
to the Collegiate church in ISTew York. During the two 
years and a half of his ministry here, he received into the 
church, on profession, seventeen, and by certificate, ten, 
in all twenty-seven. 

Mr. Schureman was not of strong constitution. Ilis 
health soon failed him in ISTew York, and in two years after 
he left this church, (viz., in 1811,) he removed to Xew 
Brunswick, having been chosen Yice-President of the Col- 
lege, as successor to Dr. Condict.^ But the College was at 
this time almost dead. He received, meanwhile, successive 
calls from the church of N'ew Brimswick, and in the spring 
of 1813, was installed as its pastor. But his poor health in 
three months compelled him to give up this charge. In 
1815, the church, realizing his abilities, appointed him Pro- 
fessor of History and Church Government. But in May, 
1818, he died. Dr. Livingston writes concerning him : 
" He was mild and pleasant ; discerning and firm ; stead- 
fast, but not obstinate ; zealous, but not assuming. The 
frequent hemorrhage of his lungs, and the habitual weak- 
ness of his constitution, prevented him from close and 
intense studies ; yet he was a good Belle-lettres scholar. 
His style was correct and pure ; and he made such progress 
in the ofiicial branches of his professorship, that his lectures 
upon ecclesiastical history and pastoral theology were highly 

* See Gunn's Livingston, p. 289. Dr. Condict died June 1st, 1811. 



74 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

accejDtable and very useful. The suavity of his manners, 
and the propriety of his conduct, endeared him to the stu- 
dents, and recommended him to the respect and affection 
of all who knew him. He was growing into extensive nse- 
fulness, and had he lived and progressed, as he begun, 
would have become a treasure to the Theological College." 

We have now come down to a time within the memory 
of many yet living, viz., the beginning of Eev. John L. 
Zabriskie's ministry, a man who served this church nearly 
half of its term of existence. 

Mr. Zabriskie was of Polish extraction, having descended 
from Albert Saboroweski, who arrived in this country in 
the ship Fox, in 1662, settlhig at once at Hackensack. 
Tliis Albert had studied for the Lutherpm ministry, it is 
said,* but was in some way impressed into the army, and at 
length availed himself of an opportunity whicli offered, to 
come to this country. He bought a large tract of land 
of the Indians, called Paramus, where his children mostly 
settled, and whence the family have spread abroad. Kev. 
Mr. Zabriskie was the son of John, and of the fourth 
generation in this country, having been born March -ith, 
1779, three weeks before yonr first pastor's death. 

He graduated at Union College in 1798, being a member 
of the first class in that institution, and was licensed to 
preach in 1801 by the Classis of Pensselaer. He first 
settled over the united churches of Greenbush and Wynants- 
kill, succeeding Kev. J. V. C. Pomeyn, and wliere he con- 
tinued for about eight years. He preached here for the 
first in the month of February, 1810, and moved to Mill- 
stone in May, lSll,t fifty-five years ago, and was installed 
by Kev. Mr. Cannon. 

* Winjield's Historical Sermon at Paramus. 

t Minutes of Classis of New Brunswick, vol. ii., pp. 14 56. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 75 

The cliurcli at tlie time of Lis settlement had not more 
than about seventy members, and eighty-four families. 
This may appear strange, since there were about as many 
signatures to the first petition for a church, nearly half a 
century before. But it must be remembered that not all of 
these were allowed to join the new congregation then, and 
many families had been broken up during the Eevolution, 
and the country much impoverished. The church of Mill- 
^one was, at the beginning of Mr. Zabriskio's ministry, 
among the weakest on tlie Raritan and its branches ; while 
now, as far as members go, and ability, it is among the 
strongest. His ministry began about the time when the 
incipient steps were in jn'ogress, of all those great union 
associations of piety, philanthropy, and benevolence, which 
have since so greatly blessed, and are still blessing, our 
world. He was among the earliest friends of the Xew 
Jersey Bible Society, the first of those State societies which, 
when their numbers had increased, merged themselves into 
the one grand American Bible Society. It was a grand 
and hitherto unequalled privilege to begin life with this 
century, and in this new and freed country, amid all the 
rapidly developing plans of Providence, for the progress of 
His church, and the elevation of mankind ; — to live in an 
age when wonder succeeded wonder in the physical, and 
scientific and moral worlds ; and with each succeding 
decade, the privileges and blessings and causes of adoration 
still increasing. It is now a blessed privilege for the 
Christian to appreciate and help on these works of Provi- 
dence. It seems to have been Mr. Zabriskie's work to build 
up this church to strength and numbers through the Sj^irit's 
influence, that she might then take an active and important, 
yea, a prominent part in these great plans of God. Let us 
not fail, as ancient Israel so often did, to understand our 
duty. 



76 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

Sliortlj after Ur. Zabriskie's settlement liere, early in 1S12, 
tlie Consistory again provided a parsonage property for 
tliemselves. They bouglit the plot* now occupied by Dr. 
Fred. Blackwell, of Dan. Disboroiigh, for $1,250, and imme- 
diate repairs bestowed, swelled this amount to $2,232. But 
this place was only occupied three or four years, when Mr. 
Zabriskie purchased a property of his own on the hill, where 
he resided till his death. And the Consistory sold their 
p)arsonage to Dr. Wm. McKissack. 

During the first eighteen years gf his ministry here, he 
preached in the old church, reminding them still of early 
times, of poverty and strife and victory, in freedom's con- 
flict. But it had long been felt that this church was too 
small for the growing congregation, and repeated efforts 
had been made to remedy the evil. The building had re- 
ceived a slight repairing during the Revolution, and a more 
considerable one in 17S3, when money had been solicited 
abroad. Again in ISOO, it was very thoroughly renovated, 
and the pews re-arranged and sold anew to pay expenses, 
In 1805, they agitated the matter of putting a gallery in 
the church, to increase the accommodation,, but failed of suc- 
cess ; and again in 1816, $800 were subscribed for this ob- 
ject, but without result. The old building continued to be 
occupied till April 22d, 1828, the subject of re-building hav- 
ing been agitated, (says Dominie Zabriskie, in a certain 
paper,) for twenty-five years, without being able to agree 
on the best course. But on May 26th, 1827, a memorial 
was presented to the Consistory, signed by eighty persons, 

* Beginning at the end of a large flat stone, on the road leading from 
John Bayard's, to 'SVm. Blackvrell's Mills, on the IT. side of a small brook, 
thence along the road S. 3° W. 1 ch. 38 links, thence X. ST^^^ E. along 
Van Doren's land, 6 ch. 22 links, E". 3° E. 1 ch. 88 links, ^. 2i^= W. 
3 chains, S. 87^4° W. G chains to said road, and along said road to place 
of beginning, containing 2 4-10 acres. 



HI8T0EICAL DISC0UE8E. 77 

respectfully requesting the Consistory to call a meeting of 
the congregation, to devise means for enlarging or rebuild- 
ing the church. Frequent meetings were held, and at last 
the Consistory determined that in conformity with the 
wishes of a large portion of the congregation, a new church 
should be erected. $1,000 were allowed to the pew-holders 
in the old church, to be properly credited between them, to 
go toward the purchase of pews in the new church, and 
John Sutphen, Farrington, Barcaloo, and Abraham Beek- 
man were aj)pointed a Committee, to appraise the value 
of the old pews. The edifice was to be built after the model 
of the new church at Six Mile Eun. They had built their 
second edifice in the same year that our church had been or- 
ganized,* (1766,) and now a year or two before, and probably 
stimulating this congregation to the work, they had built the 
edifice which they now use. Their second building, and our 
first, both stood for just sixty years, and the present buildings 
of both congregations are identical in size, being 70x55 feet. 
The building committee consisted of Stephen Garretson, 
Dan. H. Disborough, and Ab. Beekman, subject to the 
direction of the Consistory. They contracted with Joachim 
G. Quick for $5,000, including the old church material. 
Extra expenses accrued, amounting to $317. The corner 
stone was laid on June 8th, 1828, and an address delivered 
by the Pastor from Gen. xxviii : 22. " And this stone which 
I have set for a pillar, shall be God's house ; and of all tliat 
Thou shalt give me, I will surely give the tenth unto 
Thee," — important and suggestive words. Prayer was also 
offered for God's blessing on the undertaking. A committee 
was then appointed, consisting of James B. Elmendorf, Ab. 
Staats, and John Sut^^hen, to appraize the pews, the aggre- 
gate sum to amount to $6,500. The church was dedicated 

* Early records at New Brunswick. 



78 HISTORICAL DI8C0TJESE. 

on Cliristmas Sabbatli, 1S28, tlie pastor preacliing from Ex. 
XX : 24, " An altar of earth thou shalt make unto Me, and 
Bhalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings and thy peace of- 
ferings, thy sheep, and thine oxen ; in all places where I 
record My name, I will come unto thee, and I will bless 
thee." The following Thursday the pews were sold, and 
$7689 were realized, leaving a considerable surplus in the 
hands of Consistorv. 

Mr. Zabriskie's ministry had been quite successful respect- 
ing additions to the church, during the time that they 
worshiped in the old building. Up to the year they demo- 
lished their house, he had received 210 members,* of whom 
166, had been on profession of their faith. In this same 
year, (1827) he reports 100 families, and about 200 commu- 
nicants. The membership had therefore more than doubled 
during his ministry in the old edifice. But they had now 
built a large and spacious house, much larger than many 
supposed to be necessary, and the Lord soon filled it. They 
had made room for a blessing, and it came. God rewarded, 
as He ever will, their largeness of spirit, and liberality to 
Zion. Tliirty new families are at once found reported as attend- 
ants, and in 1831, the Spirit of grace was most richly pour- 
ed out on this congregation. f There had been a considera- 
ble number of accessions in certain former years ; in 1822, 
and in 1823, twenty-five and fifteen respectively professed 
the faith ; in 1817 and 1818, twenty-eight and sixteen 
respectively had acknowledged Christ before men ; but at 
this time it averaged nearly one out of every family. In 
the fall of 1831, 108 were received at a single communion, 

* liVe liave the names of only 197, but in a report to Classis for 1813, 
he states that he had received since his settlement here thirteen on 
profession. 

t The revival of this year was ,universal through the country. 



HI8T0EICAL DISCOUESE. 79 

by far the greater proj^ortion of whom are no longer with 
US. It was indeed a rich blessiug from heaven, such as we 
might again well desire. It remains on record as God's tes- 
timony to us, of His fidelity to His promises, and of His love. 
And let us never forget that by repentance and faith and 
prayer. He may show us even greater things than these, 
that we may marvel. On three subsequent occasions, 
under Father Zabriskie's mimstry,viz. in 1837,1838, and 1843, 
he received respectively, nineteen, seventeen, and twenty- 
five, in single years. During his whole ministry in the new 
church of twenty-two years, he received 280 on profession 
of faith, and 118 by certificates from other churches, and 
during his whole pastorate of forty years, the total number 
received were 446 by profession, and 162 by certificate, or 
608 in all. His last report to Classis in the spring of 1850, 
makes the church membership to be then 291, and 176 fami- 
lies.* The congregation was indeed built up to great strength 
in numbers during his long pastorate here. The member- 
ship had nearly trebled, the families had increased^by three- 
fourths. What a power for good might such an army of 
Christ become if directing their energies into great. Chris- 
tian, philanthropic, world-wide, yea divine eflbrts ! This is 
indeed what our Lord Jesus Christ, who has redeemed us by 
His own blood, now calls upon us to do. 

Father Zabriskie died August 15th, 1850, at the age of 
71 years. His dust lies in the adjoining church yard, where 
his memorial monument reminds the passer-by of the vene- 

* It must also be remembered ia considering this statement, that 
during his ministry, several n,ew churches had been formed, in the 
bounds, or in the outskirts of his congregation, which frequently de- 
creased the number of his families and church members. Middlebush, 
Raritan 2ud, Greggstone, Bound Brook, and Earitan 3rd, (Dutch,) were 
thus formed, besides some Methodist Churches. 



80 mSTOEICAL DISC0UK3E. 

rable " Minister of God^"* of more tlian half a century's ser- 
vice. 

The congregation had for some time before his death 
thought of calling a colleague, but did not do so till the 
spring of 1850, when Kev. John DeWitt was invited to 
such position. His call was approved on June 25th, and 
the time of his installation fixed for August 20th. But five 
days before the time fixed for the installation, Mr. Zabriskie 
died. 

The following year the Consistory provided the present 
parsonage property, consisting of a little more than three 
acres of land, which they bought of John Yan Doren, for 
$755.* They immediately built the pleasant and substantial 
house, which now adorns the plot, using for this purpose 
certain legacies which had been left by members, for the 
support of the Gospel at Millstone. They considered that 
this was putting those legacies in a permanent shape.f 

During Dr. DeWitt's ministry here, the church building 
having reached more than a quarter of a century of age, was 
thoroughly repaired, and the pews and pulpit modified to 
their present neat and beautiful ai3pearance, and the walls 

* Beginning at south-west corner of Dr. Wm. McKissack's land, in 
the road, thence running south 87^^4° east, 6 ch. 23 links, north 2° west, 
1 ch. 38 links, south 88° east, 4 ch. 52 links, to west bank of the Mill- 
stone, thence up said river south 93^° east, 1 ch. 78 links, south 79^^° 
west, 3 ch, 51 links, south 19>^° east, 1 ch. 95 links, north 70}^° west, 
7 ch. 96 links, to n:iiddle of the road, down which, north 4^^° west, 2 ch, 
79 links, to place of beginning, containing 3 2-100 acres, 

t Ilendrick Wilson, who died about 1800, left about $1,000, (it is 
said,) to the Consistory ; and Kynier Smock, a few years later, left 
$375, and Peter Yoorhees $500, though this last did not become avail- 
able till a number of years after his death, {Search ly Ferd. H. Wilson^ 
Esq.) Possibly there were others, which have not come to the writer's 
knowledge. These with other moneys which had accumulated, 
amounted in 1850 to more than $4,000. 



HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 81 

frescoed. He received, during his ministry liere, two Imn- 
dred and one on profession of their faith, and seventy-mne 
hj certificate, in all two hundred and eighty, almost the 
same number as he found to be communicants, at his settle- 
ment.* Dr. DeWitt's last report made the church to con- 
tain two hundred and ninety-nine members in full com- 
munion. His connection with this church ceased on Sept. 
1st, 1863, he having accepted the Professorship of Oriental 
languages and Biblical Exegesis, in our Theological Semi- 
nary at New Brunswick, to which he had been elected by 
General Synod the preceding June. But a short vacancy 
ensued. Rev. Chs. Stitt was first called, but declined, and 
your present servant for Jesus' sake was installed, Dec. 29th 
of the same year. Twenty-eight by profession, and thirty- 
seven by certificate, in all sixty-five, have been received 
into the communion of this church during your present 
relations. Our last report to Classis made three hundred 
and eleven communicants. 

As we look back over our church's history, it is certainly 
a remarkable fact, and worthy of being mentioned, that 
five of the seven preceding pastors of this church, were 
called sooner or later to a professorship in our Theological 
Seminary, viz., Froeligh, Yan Harlingen, Cannon, Schure- 
man, and DeWitt. The other two — Messrs. Foering and 
Zabriskie — died in the exercise of their pastoral office here.f 
It is doubtful whether many other churches can show a 
similar record. 

There have been received in this church during the cen- 
tury, eight hundred and eighteen persons on profession, and 

* The cliurch of East Millstone, organized in 1855, took a number of 
families and sixteen members, besides the Methodists, some. Branch- 
ville, also organized in 1855, probably affected tho church of Millstono 
to some extent. 

t See Appendix, 'N'ote 6, for Pastors and Officers. 



82 HISTORICAL DISCOURSE. 

three hundred and twentj-nine by certificates from other 
churches, in all, eleven hundred and fortj-seven. But 
making allowance for the loss of the records of four years, 
and possibly of the accidental omission of some names, 
(which we have good reason to suppose to have been the 
case,) the actual number of communicants in this church 
has been about twelve hundred,* of which a little more 
than two-thirds were received by profession of faith. I^ot 
that this, indeed, is the actual amount of good done by this 
church, during all this time. There have been undoubtedly 
other unnumbered, silent influences, whose results can 
never be gathered up in figures and in history. Many a 
truth here dropped from the pulj)it or from the faithful 
Christian, may have lain buried in the recesses of the heart 
for years, and at last, and in other places, blossomed and 
have borne fruit unto eternal life, perhaps when its pos- 
sessor stood on the very borders of the grave. Other influ- 
ences likewise have gone fortli, as far as we have helped to 
send the Gospel through other agencies, to our own western 
and to foreign lands, and to sustain the institutions of edu- 
cation and religion in their various forms. In faith, some- 
thing has thus been accomplished, though we cannot point 
out the definite, specific fruits, for our benevolence was 
thrown in a common treasury with that of the church in 
general. The records on high will show what we have 
done in these respects, how little or how much. But as far 
as we can ascertain by our records, eight hundred and 
eighteen in these courts, have been brought to the acknow- 
ledgment of Jesus Christ as their only and all sufficient 
Savior. This, in our own homes, has visibly been our 
century's work, — a fraction more than eight a year. And 
while in many respects it may be an unfair comparison, to 

* See Appendix — Note 7. 



HISTORICAL DISCOUESE. 83 

average the ostensible success of the respective pastors, yet 
■when done in a proper spirit, and properly understood, it is 
certainly interesting and perhaps may not be unprofitable 
for reflection. During the vacancy before the first j)astor, 
of eight years, ten were received on profession, or at the 
rate of one and a quarter a year ; and the number received 
on profession under the respective pastors, per year on an 
ave]-age, is as follows : — Under Foering, four ; under Froe- 
ligh, seven ; under Van Harlingen, four ; imder Cannon, 
three and three-quarters; under Schureman, eight and a half; 
under Zabriskie, ten and three-quarters; under DeWitt, 
sixteen and three-quarters ; and since his departure, the 
additions, by profession, have averaged, a little more than 
eleven a year. "We should resolve and pray that these 
numbers, with each advancing decade, may be vastly 
increased. What a glorious thing, if on an average, for 
successive terms of years, each week could witness at least 
one brought to Christ. Let us set this standard, high as it 
now appears, before us, until having reached it, we may 
displace it for something better. Let us remember that 
each church rej)resents the kingdom of heaven on earth, 
and that it should be our unceasing efi'ort, by means direct 
and indirect, in public and in private, at home and abroad, 
to advance the interests of that kingdom. Let us pray that 
we may begin this century with a new and higher, and 
advance with an ever-increasing, life. Let us henceforth 
seelv to have definite results to show in the foreign field as 
well as at home. Yea, let each succeeding year, till the 
Saviour's promise of the universal triumph of his kingdom, 
be completely realized, witness an ever accelerating pro- 
gress in piety and philanthropy, which two are the fulfilling 
of the Law,— the realization, and the exhibition of the 
restored image of a perfect and divine Love. 



APPENDIX 



-¥¥- 



NOTE 1. 



The Subscription List for the Building of the First Church, Dec. Gth, 1766. 



Peter Schenck 38 

Josiys Cornel 12 

► Ab. VanBueren 10 

Johannes Hogelandt 10 

Cor. Van Lewe 14 

Rem Ditmars 14 

Rem Gerritsen 10 

Gerret Terlieune 15 

John Smock 5 

Jan VanderVeer 14 

Hendk. Wilson 14 

Peter Stryker 12 

Chathrine Stryker 3 

Cornellxis Lett 10 

John Stryker 5 

John VanDoren 14 

Jurias VanClcef 7 

Hendk. Probasco 12 

Grletie Cornell 3 

John Ditmars 2 

Peter Wyckoff. 7 

Bergen Covert, Jr 3 

Daniel Covert 4 

Hand. Schenck 25 

John Brokaw 12 

Cor. Cornell 1 

John Probasco 8 

Eergon Huff. 3 

Ab. Messeler 1 

John Blaw 1 

Altie Dorlant 1 



s. 


d. 










































































10 





10 















































10 























15 











10 





15 





8 





10 






Derrick Kroesen G 

Roeloff Van Aersdalen 7 

Peter Stryker, Jr 1 

Wm. Corteljou 6 

Rullef Terheune 6 

Jacobus Garretson 7 

Rynie VanHengelen 7 

Ouke Rynierse 3 

Hendk. VanderVeer 5 

Stephen Terheune 8 

Johannes 4 

Joseph VanderVeer 8 

Laurence Vancleef 3 

Tise Smock 3 

Wm. George Prall 4 

Jacobus Stryker 4 

Yacobus Messelar 1 

Wm. Spader 3 

Jacob Wyckof.. 3 

Johannes Van Zandt 

Ab. Brokaw 2 

Tobias VanNorden 1 

Folkerd Buse 2 

Jacob Buse, Jr 3 

Denice Van Lewe 3 

Barnardus Gerretsen 4 

Peter Wickoff. Sr 1 

Jan Kroesen 4 

Corn. Wyckof 2 

Jobs. Levdt S 

Wm. Williamson 1 



s. 


d. 














15 





























10 

















10 











1 


6 


10 

















8 





10 





10 





8 











10 











10 





10 





10 


5 


8 


5 








10 


6 


10 





1 






86 



APPEifDIX. 



£ s. d. ' £ s. d. 

Wm. ■WiUiamson, Jr 14 Wm. Vliet 1 



Phillip Fulkerson 2 10 

Peter YanPelt 1 3 4 

Jocham Quick 2 10 

Ouke VanHengelen 1 10 

Corn. Stotehoff 4 

Simon Hegeman 1 10 

Benj. Hegeman 2 



Peter Sedam 15 

Wilhelmus Stoothof 1 

Xicholas Johnson 1 

Hendk. Cortelyou 1 

Jaques Cortelyou 1 

Jaques Stoothof 1 

Peter Staats 4 



.1 





^ 





3 


4 


3 


4 





















NOTE 2. 

March 6, 1777. 
We, the subscribers, promise to pay, or cause to be paid, to the Consistory of 
the Church of Hillsborough, the sums annexed to each of our names, for the use of 
the last payment of the Parsonage. 



Peter Schenck 18 

Gerret Terheune 10 

'hu.^Ct^ Ernestus Van Harlingen 15 

John J. Schenck 8 

Hendrick Wilson 11 

Corn. Cornell 11 

Hendrick Probasco 10 

h , . .t/Guv ^-^b. Van Beuren, M.D 10 

John Van Doren 15 

Fulkert Buys 6 

Peter Ditmars 15 

^^^.^ Laurance Vander Veer.. '^Z*:'^.. 17 

Peter Btaats 11 

Jacob Boyce 3 

Jacobus Gerretson 11 

Ab. Ditmarse 9 

Isaac Van Cleef 1 

Johanes Hoog-dland 11 

J. Van Cleef 6 

Wm. Willson 1 

John Bennett 11 

Nicholas CoTvenhoven 9 

Sam. Davis 

Cornelius Lott 15 

Laurence Van Cleef 15 

Philip Fulkerson 1 

John Scheurman 2 

John Probasco 3 



s. 


d. 




















5 





5 





5 











1 











7 


6 








2 


6 


5 





5 





5 











2 


6 


5 











14 


6 


5 





10 





15 

















10 





5 





15 


c 



£ s. d. 

Ab, VanDoren 2 5 

Peter Blaw 1 10 

John Blaw 1 15 

Isaac Hufif. 12 6 

Cyrenius Thompson 3 3 

Peter Stryker, son of Peter 10 

Benj. Brokaw 3 15 

Peter Stryker, L. Island 15 G 

Isaac Van Nuys 6 

Myndert Willson 3 

Johannes VanZandt 3 

John Christopher 1 10 

John Stryker 10 5 9 

John Nowlen 1 10 

Coonraat Van Wagenner 1 2 6 

Brogone Brokaw 110 

Christn. VanArsdalen Taylor. . 1 2 •? 

Ann Van Lewe, widow 10 

Benj. Arrosmith 15 

John Smock 1 10 1 

Abm. Duryea 11 5 0- 

Joseph Cornell 3 

Peter Wyckoff. 11 5 

Peter Schenck, Jr 11 5 

Albert Cornell 9 

Covert Voorheese 00 15 

Garret Terheune, Jr 11 r 

Rem Gerritson II 5 



APPENDIX. 



87 



£ s. d. 

Michael YanderVeer 7 10 2 

Thomas VanDike 3 4 e 

John VanderVeer 11 5 

Peter Stryker 1 10 

Garret Van Cleef. 1 10 

Nic. Van Brandt 3 15 

Wm. Cortelyou 7 10 

Tennis Covert 3 



£ s. d. 

Stephen Terhenne 3 

John Ditmarse 3 

John Staats, Jr 3 

Elsye Ryneerson 10 

Jacobus VanNuys, son of John 10 

Corn. VanXuys, " " 15 

Garret K. Garretson 11 5 

Lucas Voorheese 2 



NOTE 3. 

After the Avar, they found themselves unable to repair the church, OTving to 
the ravages of the raiding parties, &c., and therefore the Consistory issued the 
following appeal for help : — 

Whereas the Dutch Eeformed Congregation of New Millstone, in the County of 
Somerset, and State of New Jersey, has been much distressed by the late destruc- 
tive war, the inhabitants plundered of their property, their church in part destroy- 
ed, and rendered useless ;^and whereas said congregation is by such sufferings 
rendered in a manner incapable of repairing their church : — We, the subscribers, 
Elders and Deacons of said congregation, find ourselves under the disagreeable 
necessity of applying for assistance to the brethren of our profession, and especial- 
ly to those whom a kind Providence has protected against similar distress ; who 
from pure motives of sympathy, we trust, will be induced to charity and benevo- 
lence. And in order to promote this, our purpose, we have appointed and author- 
ized our Pastor, the Rev. Solomon Froeligh, Capt. Cor. Lott, and Peter Ditmarse, 
to present this our application to such of our brethren, as they from personal 
acquaintance, or recommendation, may deem persons of a benevolent disposition, 
and to assure them from us, that their donations will be received with gratitude, 
and their names perpetuated on the records of our church, as examples of gener- 
osity by their 



Elders. 
Signed. AB. VAN BEUREN, 

CORNELIUS CORNELL, 
HEND. PROBASCO, 
JOHN STRYKER, 

£ s. d. 

Jeremiah Van Derbilt 1 17 4 

John Ryerson 1 17 4 

Martin Skenk 1 17 4 

Anne Johnson 1 17 4 

Abraham Remsen 1 17 4 

Jacob Byerson 1 17 4 

Rem A. Remsen 1 17 4 



Humble servants. 

Deacons. 
AB. DITMARSE, 
PETER WYKOFF, 
GARRIT R. GARRETSON, 
FULKERT BUYS. 

£ s. d. 

Mathias Vandyk 1 17 4 

Nicalaus Vandyk 1 17 4 

John Johnson 1 17 4 

Johannes De Bevois 1 12 

John R. Couwenhoven 1 17 4 

John Cowenhoven 1 17 4 

Lamberth Suydam 1 17 4 



88 



APPENDIX. 



£ s. d. 

Leffcrt Leffertse 1 17 4 

Barent Leffertse 1 17 4 

Jacobus Lott and i 

"Widow Johnson J 

Barent Johnson 8 

Johannes Stoothoff 8 

Peter Yanderbilt 8 

Jeromus Lott 1 4 

Petrus Lott. 1 17 4 

Jeremiah Yanderbilt 16 4 

Abraham Voorheea 1 4 

Fulkert Sprough 16 

Johannes Ditmarse 2 13 4 

Peter Coivehoven 16 

Johannes Eemsen 1 4 

Derick Eemsen 12 

John Williamson 8 

John Vanderveer 13 8 

Nicolaus Wykoflf. 1 40 

Tennis Skenk 1 12 

Gabriel Duryee 16 

Johannes Titus 12 

Ab. Laquier 1 17 6 

Corn. Vanderreer 1 17 4 

John Ditmarse 1 17 4 

Arjaantje Voorhees, widow. ... 1 4 

Jacobus Vanderveer 1 17 4 

Piem Hegeman 13 8 



£ 8. d. 

Hend. Vanderveer 1 4 

Jas. J. VanBuren 16 

Jer. Yanderbilt 1 4 

Peter Lafferts 1 12 

Seytie Hegeman 16 

Leffert Martinse 16 

Peter Cornell 16 

Philippus Nagle 1 4 

JorisMartise 1 12 

John Yanderbilt 1 17 4 

Dr. Hend. VanBuren 12 

John Hegeman 8 

Lefifert Leffertse 8 

Jacob Leffertse 1 8 

John Beuren 8 

Garret Stryker 1 4 

Peter Antonides 1 17 4 

Henry Staats 16 

Hendk. Suydam 16 

Jacob Suydam 16 

Johannes E. Lott 1 17 4 

Hendk. Suydam 16 

John Striker 16 

Thomas Elseworth 16 

Elias Hubbard 16 

Isaac Stover 8 

Gorrit Wykofif. 10 

£85 



NOTE 4. 

The valleys of the Raritan and its tributaries, are now comparatively well sup- 
plied with churches. "While in the year 1700, there was only one of the Dutch 
name, there are now more than thirty on the same territory, not to speak of the 
many of other denominations. Besides the Dutch churches referred to in this 
discourse, the following have been organized in later years, viz. : — 

Whitehouse, (1793.) to which successively have ministered Revs. John Duryee, 
(1799-1801,) Cor. T. Demarest, (1803-13,) Jac. I. Schultz, (1816-34,) Peter S. 
"WiUiamson, (1835-39,) Jas. Otterson, (1840-45,) Goyn Talmage, (1845-51,) Law- 
rence Comfort, (1852-54,) Aaron Lloyd, (1855-56,) Smith Sturges, (1857-63.) and 
Evert Van Slyke, since 1864 :— 

Lebanon, (1813,) Revs. Jac. L Schultz, (1816-34,) Chs. P. Wack, (1335-40,) 
Robt. YanAmburgh, (1840-48,) John Steele, (1348^3,) and Robt. VanAmburgh 
again, since 1853 : — 



APPENDIX. 89 

Spottswood, (1821.) Revs. John McClure, (1822-25,) Henry L. Rice, (1825-34,) 
John C. Van Lie w, (183i-42,) Wm. R. S. Bett3, (1842-45,) William KnigM, (1S4G- 
47,) John H. Manning, (1847-54,) and A. Vandewater, since 1855 : — 

North Branch, (1825,) Revs. George H. Fisher, (1826-30,) Ab. D. Wilson, 
(1831-38,) Jas. K. Campbell, (1839-54,) and Philip W. Doolittle, since 1856 :— 

Blawenburgh, (1832,) Revs. Henry Heermance, (1832-35,) Jas. R. Talmage, 
(1836-48,) Theodore B. Romeyn, (1840-65,) and C. W. Fritts, since 1865:— 

MiDDLEBDSH, (1834,) Rcvs. Jac. I. Schultz, (1834-38,) John A. VanDoren, (1838- 
66,) and Geo. W. Swayue, the present pastor :— 

Clover Hill, (1834,) Revs. Garret C. Schenck, (1835-36,) William Demarest, 
(1837-39,) after this, this church became Presbyterian, but subsequently returned 
to the Dutch denomination, and Rev. W. B. Voorhees has labored there since 

1864 :— 

Raritau 2nd, (1834,) Revs. Chs. Whitehead, (1835-39,) Talbot W. Chambers, 
(1840-49,) Elijah R. Craven, (1850-^4,) and John F. Mesick, since 1855 :— 

New Brunswick 2nd, (1842,) Revs. David D, Demarest, (1843-52,) Samuel M. 
Woodbridge, (1852-57,) Hugh M. Wilson, (1858-62,) and John W. Schenck, (1863- 
66,) and at present without a pastor : — 

Griggstown, (1842,) Revs. Jer. S. Lord, (1843-48,) John A. Todd, (184S-55,) 
Edward P. Livingston, (1855-58,) and Stephen T. Searle, since 1859: — 

Bound Brook, (1846,) Revs. Geo. J. Van Nest, (1848-53,) Wm. Demarest, (1854- 
67,) Henry V. Voorhees, (1858-62,) and Benj. F. Romaine, since 1862 :— 

Raritan 3rd, (1848,) Revs. Peter Stryker, (1848-51,) Jas. A. H. Cornell, (1353- 
66,) and Jas. Le Fevre, since 1857 : — 

Peapack, (1848,) Revs. Wm. A. Anderson, (1849-56,) andHenry P. Thompson, 
since 1857 : — 

New Brunswick 3rd, German, (1851,) Rev. Francis M. Serenbetts, (1851-54, > 
Franz M. Schneeweiss, (1855-58,) Julius Hones, stated supply, (1858-60,) Carl 
Meyer, stated supply, (1863-64,) and T. Cludius, since 1865 : — 

Branchville, (1850,) Revs. Henry Dater, (1851-53,) and Wm. Pitcner, since 
1854 :— 

East Millstone, (1855,) Revs. Giles Vandewall, (1856-58,) David Cole, (1S5S- 
63,) Martin L. Berger, (1863-66,) and Wm. H. Phraner, the present pastor: — 

Warren, German, (1856,) Revs. John H. Oerter, (1856-58,) Jacob P. Neef, 
stated supply, (ISoS-GO. pastor 1860-64,) and Wm. Wolf, since 1865 :— 

Rocky Hill, (1857,) Revs. Martin L. Schenck, (1857-64,) and 0. Gesner. since 

1865 :— 

Metuchen, (1857,) Rev. J. B. Thompson, since 1859: — 

Plainfield, German, (1858,) Revs. Jacob F. Neef, stated supply, (1858-60, 
pastor, 1860-64,) and Wm. Wolf, since 1865 :— 

Central Plainfield, (1863,) Rev. John Simonson, Bince'1863: — 

PoTTERSViLLE, (1865,) without pastoT : — 

High Bridge, (1865,) without pastor : — 

In reference to the older churches, (to take up the line in brief, where it was 
dropped in the discourse,) — Rev. JohnS. Vredenburgh having labored at Raritan 
for twenty-two years, died in 1821, and his successors are Revs. Richard D. Van 
Kleek, (1826-31,) and Abraham Messier, since 1832 :— 



90 APPENDIX. 

Eev. Jas. Eomeyn, succeeded Dr. Cannon at Six Mile Ecs, (1828-33,) and 
Eev. Jacob C. Sears, since 1833 : — 

Eev. Jesse Fonda succeeded Dr. John Sctureman at Xew BRCNS-mtCK, (1814-17,) 
and his successors are Eevs. John Ludlovr, (1817-19,) Isaac M. Ferris, (1821-24,) 
Jas. B. Hardenbergh, (1825-29,) Jacob J. Janeway, (1830-31,) Sam. B. How, 
•who labored in this field for a generation, (1832-61,) and Eich. H. Steele, since 
1663 :— 

Eev. John Van Liew succeeded to the pastorate of the church of Eeadixgton in 
1828, made vacant by the death of Dr. Studdiford in 1826 :— 

Eev. Peter Labagh was called in 1809, to succeed Eev. Henry Polhemus at Har 
LiNGEK andNECHANic, and as colleague of Eev. Wm. E. Smith, who continued to 
serve these congregations till 1817, when with increasing infirmities, (though only 
sixty-four years of age,) he resigned, and died in 1820. Mr. Labagh served the 
two churches till 1821, when he limited his services to Harlikgen alone, till 1844, 
when he resigned, and Eev. John Gardner succeeded him, in the same year, and 
is the present pastor; while Eev. Gabriel Ludlow succeeded Mr. Labagh at 
Nechanic, in 1821, and still continues to serve that church : — 

After the single year of service of Eev. Theodore F. Eomeyn, at Bedminstek, 
(1785-86,) Eev. Mr. Studdiford, of Eeadington, united this church with his other 
charge, (1787-1800,) and Eev. John Duryee succeeded him, (1800-1,) and subse- 
quently have ministered there, Eevs. John Schureman, (lSOl-7,) Charles Harden- 
bergh, (1808-20,) L M. Fisher, (1821-39,) Geo. Scheuck, (1840-52,) William 
Brush, (1862-65,) and Charles H.Poole, since 1805 :— Thus the valleys of the Earitan 
and its tributaries, in early times so poorly supplied with Gospel privileges, have 
been even in reference to our singk denomination, most signally blessed of Prov- 
idence, in the large multiplication of churches and of pastors. There are now no 
less than thirty-one churches and forty-one ministers on the territory, whose liis- 
tory we have been considering, and three-fourths of these ministers are settled 
pastors. If the material were at hand to show the numbers and conditions of the 
churches of other denominations, on the same ground, the benevolence of Provi- 
dence toward this region would appear indeed most wonderful. It has often been 
called " The Garden of the Church." God has here richly poured out His Spirit, 
time and again. All the records of the older congregations, and of many of the 
younger, show unwonted numbers of accessions to the church. The bold, true, 
evangelical, untrammelled spirit of faith, of the first pastors, and of the second 
and third generations, in these valleys, and their earnest, importunate prayers, 
seem to have commanded God's blessing upon their children, and their children's 
children. But let us not fail to remember that the greatness of these former bless- 
ings constitutes now a source of danger. All history confirms this. It must be 
OUK OWN earnest, diligent, ardent piety, conformed to the new and wonderful 
developments of Providence, which alone can retain and increase these heavenly 
experiences of the past. Let us prove ourselves worthy of our birthright, by our 
fidelity to the cause of God and man. Where much is given, much will be 
required. 



APPENDIX. 



91 



NOTE 5. 



fiu^ ■ 



I * Peter WykofF, 

i Jochamyntic Vechter 

j Wm. Cortelyou 

i Eve Terliune 

( Jacob Garretsou 

{ Magdalene Ditmars 

c Isaac Van Nuys 

\ Nelly Quick 

( Rynier Smock 

\ T. Van Arsdaalen 
Geertic Rynierson 
Michael Vander Veer 

I Peter Stryker 

{ Maria Van Nortwick 

j Thomas Drue 

( Phebe Dumont 

( Peter Voorhees 

( Cath. Skilman 

i Peter Staata 

( Susannah Van Middleswort 
John Zutphen 

( Gerardus Voorhees 

{ Mary Quick 

j Wm. Wykoff 

i Elizabeth 

Cath. Van Matic, w. of H. Disbury 

( Barent Cornell 

j Cath. StathofF 

j John Staats, Sr, 

\ Charity Quick 

f John Staats, Jr. 

(Mary Vechter 
Susannah Staats 

i Martin Schenck 
Marg. Schureman 



List of Memlersfor the year 1801. 

tUtye AVykofF w. of Josiah Schenck 
- j Ab. Van Buerea 

( Elizabeth Krusen 

I Jacobus Garretson, Jr. 

( Martha Vechter 
Judith, widow of Sam. Williams. 
Isaac Lott 
Phamatic Ditmars 
Gerret Gerritson ' 

( John Nevius 

( Phamatie Staats 

I Dr. Peter Stryker 

( Helena Schenck 
Jane Rice 

Maria, widow of John Hardenberg "^ * 
Williampje, widow of Corn. Cornell 
Williampje, wid. of Gerret Schureman 

( John Van Doren, Jr. 

\ Nelly Lott 

J John Bainbridge 

( Anantje Dumont 

j Ernestus VanHarlingen 

1 Maria Othout 
Catharine Blauw 

Maty Ditmars, w. of Jacob VanDoren 
Maria, widow of Peter Ditmars 
Altje VanDoren, w. of Teunis Hoagland 
Elizabeth, wife of Fred. Probasco 
Matie Lott, w. of John VanDoren, Jr. 
Cyrenius Thompson 
Tone, slave of Rynier Smock 
Thomas, slave of P. Wykoflf 
Jack, slave of P. Ditmars 
Nelly, slave of T. VanDoren 
Peg, slave of Wm. Cortelyou. 



A Register of the Memlers of the Church at Millstone in full 
cominunion^ in 1805 and 1806. 

1. Peter VanDoren, by certif.from New 

Shannick, Nov. 11, 1784. 

2. Elizabeth Kennedy, w. of Frederick 

Probasco, 1783. 



•3. (Rynier Smock, » Nov. 15, 

4. ( Areantje Van Arsdalen, j 1769. 

5. GarritK. Garritson, Nov. 24, 1780. 
6 W^ampje Wykoff, Nov. 24, 1780. 



* These braces indicate huslTand and wife. 



92 



APPENDIX. 



\^:-Jj ■ 



7. Ariantje Dumond, w. of John Bain- 

bridge, Dec. 6, 1781. 

8. Cyrenius Thompson, Dec. 6, 1781. 

9. John VanDoren, Jr., " " 

10. Catrina Summers, w. of Sam. Davis, 
Dec. 6, 1781. 
( Peter Wykoff, . . Oct. 24, 1782. 

< Jacamyntja Vechta, " " 
j William Cortelyou, 

< Eva Terhune, 

15. Maria Schenck, w. of A. Mercer, 
Oct. 24, 1782. 
Kebecca Sikkelsa, w. of C. Thomp- 
son, Oct. 24, 1782. 
John Van Harlingen, Oct. 24, 1782. 
j Jacobus Garritson, 1785-1805. 
( Lena Ditmars, 
j Barent Cornell, 
I Catherine Stothoff, 

22. Ernestus Yan Harlingen, 

23. ( Abraham Van Beuren, 
j Elizabeth Kruzen, 
j Peter Stryker, 
( Maria NortTfick, 
( Peter Staats, 
I Susannah MiddlesTVort, 

Williampje Ditmars, widow 
of Corn. Cornell, 
30. John Baiubridge, 



11 
12 
13 
14 



16, 

17 

18, 
19, 
20, 
21, 



24 
25 
26 
27 

28, 
29 



31. Frederick Probasco, 1785-1805. v 

32. ( Joseph Cornell, 

33. I Tana Van Nuys, 

34. ( Garrit WykofF, 

35. I Rachel Croesen, 

36. J Martin Schenck, Ivvwr**-- ♦ 

37. ( Margaret Schureman, 

38. ( John Nevius, 

39. ( Phamatja Staats, 

40. Peter T. Stryker, 

41. j Peter Tootheea, 

42. i Cath. Skillman, 

43. John Zutphen, 

44. j Gerardus Voorhees, 

45. I Maria QuicJj, 

46. Eleanor Lott, w. of John Vaa 

Doren, Jr., 

47. Michael VanderVeer, 

48. Stephen Garritson, 

49. Maria Perrine, w. of G. K. 

Garritson, 

50. Susannah Staats, 

51. Geertje Eynierson, 

52. Ann Yard, widow of Fred. 

Frelinghuysen, 

53. Rem Garritson, , 

54. Jacobus Yan Nuys,^ — ■ v. # 

55. Lucy Mercer, wiaTof Join. ^(V</*|vC- 

Frelinghuysen. v 



NOTE 6. 



Pastors. 

1720 Theodore J. FEELiNGHmrsEX 1747. 

Over the churches of Raritan, Three Mile Run, New Brunswick, Six Mile Ran, 
North Branch, (nowReadington,) and Millstone, (now Harlingen,) after 1729. 

1748 John Leydt. . . .1783. 

Over the churches of New Brunswick and Six Mile Run. 

1750 John FBELiNGHtrrsEN 1754. 

Over the churches of Raritan, Readington, and Millstone, (now Harlingen). 

1758 Jacob R. Hakdenbergh 1781. 

Over the churches of Raritan, Readington, Bedminster, Millstone, (now Harlingen,) 
and Nechanic. In 1761 he visited Holland, and in 1763 returned, and took 
charge of the first three of these churches again till 1781. 



APPENDIX. 93 

1762 — John M. Van Haklikgen 1795. 

Over the churches of Nechanic and Millstone, (now Harlingen). 

The original Dutch inhabitants of Millstone Valley, Tvere under the ministries of 
these several pastors, before the organization of the church at New Millstone, 
(now called the church of Hillsborough,) in 1766. 

Pastors of the Church of New Millstone, or Hillsborough. 

1767. Arrangements were made with Messrs. Leydt, Hardenbergh and Van Har- 
lingen, to supply the pulpit once a month in turns. 1774. 

1774 CnuiSTiAN Fkederick Foering. . . .1779. 

1780 Solomon Froeligh 1786. 

In connection with Nechanic. 

1787 John M. Van Harlingen 1795. 

[Nephew of John M. Van Harlingen at Millstone, (now Harlingen,)] 
In connection with Six Mile Run. 

1797 James Spencer Cannon 1807. 

In connection with Six Mile Pun. 

1807 John Schukeman 1809. 

1811. . . .John Lansing Zabeiskie 1850, 

1850 ... . John DeWitt .... 1863. 

Edward Tanjore Corwin. 
1863. 

Church Officers. 

Elders. Deacons. 

Aug. 1776. Joseph Cornel, Johannes Hogelandt, 

Peter Schenck, Abraham Van Beuren, M.D., 

1770.* Ernestus Van Harlingen, Jan Probasco, 

Apr., 1775.* Garret Terhune, Sr., Henry Wilson, 

Nov., 1775. Peter Schenck, Esq., Cor. Van Lewen, 

Peter Stryker, Sr., Cor. Cornell, 

Aug., 1778. Ernestus Van Harlingen, John Probasco, 

Garret Terhune, Hendrick Probasco, 

June, 1780. Ab. Van Beuren, M.D., John Stryker, 

Peter Stryker, Jacobus Gerrison, 

Aug., 1781. Garret Terhune, Peter Ditmarse, 

Ernestus Van Harlingen, Benj. Broca, 
Nov., 1781. Lucas Nevius,t 

June, 17S2. Cor. Cornell, Ab. Ditmarse, 

Hendrick Probasco, Garret R.,Garretse. 

♦These were added to tho original officers to increase the number, at the respective 
dates, the Consistory now for the first containing eight in 1775. 
tfn place of Qerret Terhune deceased. 



94 



APPENDIX. 



Elders, 
June, 1783. Ab. Tan Beuren, M.D., 

Jolin Stryker, 
1784. Jacobus Garretse 

Peter Ditmarse, 
July, 1785. Peter YanDoren, 

Benj. Broca, 
Dec, 1785. 
Nov., 1787. Peter Wykoff,f 

Folkert Buys, 
June, 1788. Hendrick Probasco, 

Ernestus Yan Harlingen, 
May, 1789. Ab. Ditmars, 

Cor. Cornell, 
July, 1790. Jacobus Garretson, 

Tennis Cosrert, 

1791. Peter Ditmars, 
Peter Stryker, 

1792. Folkert Buys, 
Peter WyckofiF, 

May, 1793. Cor. Cornell, 

Jacobus Garretson, 
Aug., 1794. Ab. Ditmars, 

Peter Stryker, 
1795. Peter TVyckofF, 

Ab. Yan Beuren, M.D., 
Sep., 1797. Gerrit Terhune^ 

PijTiier Smock, 
1798. Jacobus Garretson, 

"VTm. Korteljou 

Jobn YanDoren, Jr.,§ 
Nov. 1799. Peter Stryker, 

John YanDoren, Jr., 
Oct., 1800. Peter "Vrykoff, 

John Nevius, 
1801. Ptynier Smock, 

John Staats, Sr., 
Oct., 1802. Ab. Yan Beuren, M.D., 

Barent Cornell, 
Nov. 1803. Peter Stryker, 

Peter YanDoren, 
1804. Isaac Yan Xuys, 

"\Ym. WykoflF, 
Oct., 1805. Jacobus Garretson, 



Deacons. 
Folkert Buys, 
Peter Wykhoff. 
Philip Yan Nortwyck, 
John YanderYeer. 
Albert Cornell, 
Tunis Coevert. 
John YanDoren.* 
Garret Terhune, 
Wm. Corteljou. 
Adam Smith, 
Peter Stryker. 
John Stryker, 
Joseph Cornell. 
John YanDoren, 
Peter Yan Lewen. 
Michael YauderYeer, 
John YanderYeer. 
Isaac Yan Nuys, 
Peter Nevius. 
Cyrenius Thompson, 
Barent Cornell. 
John YanDoren, 
Garret R. Garretson. 
John YanderYeer, 
Joseph Cornell. 
Isaac Yan Nuys, 
John Nevius. 
Peter Staats, 
Wm. "WykofF. 

Jacobus Garretson, 
Peter Stryker, M.D. 
Martin Schenck, 
Gerardus Yoorhees. 
John Bainbridge, 
Thomas Drue. 
Peter Yoorhees, 
Isaac Lett. 
John Staats, 
Garret W/ckoff. • 
Fred. Probasco. 
John Zutphen. 
Joseph Cornell, 



♦In place of Philip Van Nortwycb. 
JNo election in 1796. 



tElection omitted in 1786. 

§ In place of Gerret Terhune, deceased. 





APPENDIX. 




Elders. 


Deacons. 




'Peter Staats, 


Myndert Wilson. 


Nov. 1806. 


Peter Wykoff, 


Gerardus Voorhees, 




Garret R. Garretson, 


Martin Schenck. 


Oct., 1807. 


Joliu Bainbridge, 


Ab. Whiteneck, 




Jolin Van Doren, Jr., 


Stephen Garretson, 
Peter Voorhees.''- 


May, 1809. 


Rynier Smock, 


Hendrick Wilson, 




Peter J. Stryker, M.D., 


Garret Wyckoff. 


1810. 


Ab. Van Beuren, M.D., 


Farrington Barcaloo. 




Jacobus Garretson, 


Urias Van Cleef. 


1811. 


Peter Stryker, 


Isaac Lott, 




Barent Cornell, 


John Staats. 


1812. 


Martin Sclienck, Esq., 


Ab. Staats, 




Peter Voorhees, 


Peter Williamson. 


1813. 


John Bainbridge, 


Isaac Lott, 




Wm. Wycoff, 


Rem Garritson. 


1814. 


John Van Doren, 


Peter Gerretson, 




Gerrit WycofiF, 


Joshia Schenck. 


1815. 


Gerrit Gerritsen, 


JohnD. Ditmars, 




Henry Wilson, . 


Urias Van Cleef. 


1816. 


Peter Stryker, 


Abraham D. Baird, 




Barent Cornell, 


John I. Staats. 


1817. 


Ruliff Terhune, 


John Broach, 




Martin Schenck, 


Aaron Prawl. 


1818. 


Rem Gerritson, 


Peter Williamson, 




John VanDoren, 


John Stryker. 


1819. 


Ab. I. Staats, 


Edward Van Harlingen, 




Myndard Wilson, 


Ab. Beekman. 


1820. 


Gerritt Wye off, 


Nicholas Bainbridge, 




Farriugton Barcaloo, 


Corn. Van Nuys. 


1821. 


John Staats, 


Isaac VanCleef, 




John Bainbridge, 


Mile Root. 


1822. 


Peter Gerritson, 


John M. Wycoff, 




Urias Van Cleef, 


Henry Staats. 


1823. 


Stephen Gerritson, 


Joseph Christopher, 




RoeliffTerhnne, 


John Wilson. 


1824. 


Rem Gerritson, 


Isaac Van Nuys, 




Edward Van Harlingen, 


Cornelius Covenhoven. 


1825. 


Ab. Staats, 


Gerrit Gerritson, 




John Van Doren, 


John Van Zandt. 


1826. 


John Sutphen, 


John Wycoff, 




Ab. Beekman, 


Abm. Davis. 


1827. 


John D. Ditmars, 


Henry Stryker, 




Farrington Barcaloo, 


John VanderVeer. 



95 



*In place of 3. Garretson, moved away. 



96 





APPENDIX. 




Elders. 


Deacons. 


1828. 


John Staats, 


Jacob Van Cleef, 




Peter Gerritson, 


Corn. VanXuys. 


1829. 


Roeliff Terhune, 


Josiah Schenck, 




Stephen Gerritson, 


Isaac V. C. Stryker. 


1830. 


Peter Williamson, 


Douw Ditmars, 




Isaac Lott, 


Wm. Blackwell. 


1831. 


Isaac Van Cleef, 


Jacob Schenck, 




Ab. Staats, 


Henry Wilson. 




Stephen Gerritson.* 




1832. 


Cornelius Covenhoven, 


Jas. G. Qnick, 




Garret Wye off, 


Christopher Hoagland 


1833. 


Isaac Van Nnys, 


Peter I. Smith, 




Urias Van Cleef, 


Peter L. Sebring. 


1834. 


John Wilson, 


Sam. Wyckoff, 




John V. M. Wyckoff, 


Eynier Staats. 


October. 


Peter Gerritson, 


Ab. A. Quick. 


1835. 


John Ditmars, 


Peter Van Nest, 




Joseph Christopher, 


Ernest Schenck. 


1836. 


Ab. Beekman, 


Cor. Staats, 




John Vanderveer, 


John Sutphen. 


1837. 


Ab. Staats, 


Peter Nevius, 




John Van Zandt, 


John J. Stryker. 


1838. 


Jacob S. Van Cleef, 


Henry C. Stryker, 




Cornelias Van Isuys, 


John P. Staats, 
John J. Ditmars.f 


1839. 


John M. Wyckoff, 


John J. Staats, 




Jacob Schenck, 


Isaac Cornell. 


1840. 


Henry P. Staats, 


John W. Smock, 




Henry H. Wilson, 


Ealph T. Sutphen. 


1841. 


Piynier Staats, 


Evert Bergen, 




Ab. Quick, 


Peter Wyckoff.:^ 


1842. 


Christopher Hoagland:}: 


John A. Smith, 




Isaac Van Nuys, 


Luke S. Vanderveer, 
John Quick. 


1843. 


Henry Powelson, 


Wm. French, 




Henry P. Stryker, 


John Quick. 


1844. 


Stephen Garretson, 


Peter N. Beekman, 




Peter Williamson, 


Benj. Smith. 


1845. 


John J. Ditmars, 


John G. Voorhees, 




Isaac V. C. Stryker, 


Peter P. Staats. 


1846. 


Peter J. Nevius, 


' Alfred French, 




Cor. Van Nnys, 


John Van Doren. 


1847. 


John I. Staats, 


Jas. L. Voorhees, 



•In place of Isaac Lott, deceased. 
• tResigued to unite with 



tFor one year in place of John J. Stryker. 
new church at Griggstown. 



APPENDIX. 



97 



JElclers. 
John D. Ditmarse, 

1848. Samuel Wyckoff, 
John Wilson, 

1849. Isaac Van Nuyg, 
John P. Staats. 

1850. Isaac Tan Cleef, Sr., 
Ralph T. Sutphen, 

1851. Ab. Davis, 
Henry C. Stryker, 

1852. John Van Doren, 
Josiah Schenck, 

1853. Peter P. Staatg, 
Jas. L. Voorhees, 

1854. Ernestus Schenck. 
Benj. A. Smith, 

1S55. Joachim G. Quick, 
Abm. Quick, 

1856. Ab. A, Beekman, 
Isaac L. Van Cleef, 

1857. John M. Wyckoflf, 
Henry V. Powelsoa 

1858. Jacob S. Van Cleef, 
John A. Smith, 

1859. Cor. J. Gulick, 
Jas. L. Voorhees, 

1860. Peter J. Nevius, 
John V. D. Hoagland, 

1861. John Van Zant, 
P. T. Sutphen. 

1862. John Van Doren, 
James J. Garretson,! 

1863. John P. Staats, 
John J. Staats, 
Jas. L. Voorhees. 

1864. Benj. A. Smith, 
Peter N. Beekman, 

1865. Henry Van Nuys,:}: 
Peter S. Ditmars, 

1866. Jas. L. Voorhees, 
John Smith, 

Ralph T. Sutphen, 



Deacons. 
Joachim Quick. 
J. V. D. Hoagland, 

Joseph . 

John J. Ditmars,* 
Cor. J. Hulick. 
Isaac L. Van Cleef, 
Luke S. Vanderveer, 
Wm. French. 
Ab. Veghte, 
Cor. Broach. 
Cor. J. Hoagland, 
J. L. Oakey. 
Benj. A. Smith, 
John Van Zandt. 
Jonathan W. Wilson, 
John V. D. Nevius. 
John V. A. Merrill, t 
Roelifif T. Ditmars, 
Jas. G. Voorhees. 
Henry Coleman, 
Peter S. Williamson. 
Jacob J. Garretson, 
Peter C. Staats. 
Wm. Hulce. 
Peter S. Vanderveer. 
Peter S. Ditmars, 
Elijah Rouser. 
Gershom Bernart, 
Wm. M. K. Smith. 
Wm. Voorhees, 
Jas. Van Nuys. 
Peter L. Powelson,. 
Sanford B. Wakeman. 
Adrian Merrill, 
John H. Wilson. 

JohnVanderipe, 
Selah W. Smith. 
John V. Van Nest, 
Ab. J. Voorhees. 4: 
Cor. H. Broach, 
John Staats, 
Fred. T. Smith. 



I Resigned. 



Resigned on account of removal. 



^Deceased. 



9S 



APPENDIX. 



KOTE V. 



Members of the Church of Hillsborough. 

[c. for Certificate.— 6. for 'baptized.—* for living members.] 



Elders. 



Aug., 17G6. Joseph Cornell, i 
Peter Schenck, J 
Joliannes Hogelandt, ) Dea- 
\ Abraham YanBeuren, ) cons. 
j Peter Stryker, 
\ Catrina Biiys, 
Hendrick Wilson, 
( Rem Ditmars, 
{ Helena Van Le-vre, 
j Stoffel Van Arsdalen, 
1 Maghdalen Van Hengelen, Oct., 1775. 
I Eynier Van Hengelen, 
} Gurtje Van Galen, 
Maritje ^Yoo^tman, 

w. of J ohan. Hogelandt, 
Maritje Prall, 

Tvid. of Aaron Prall. 
( This was the original mem- 
bership (15) at the organi- April, 1776. 
zation of the church, being 
received by certificate from 
Raritan, New Brunswick, Nov., 1780 
Six IMile Runfy Rarlingen. 
Nov., 1769, j Rynier Smock, 

1 Arejautje Van Arsdalen, 
Bernardus Garretson, 
John Probasco, 
Cornelius Lott, 
Maria Volkerson, 

■w. of Peter Schenck, 
Ernestus Van Harlingen. 
July, 1772. Cornelius Van Leuwen, Nov., 1781. 

Hendrick Probasco, Dec, 1781 

\ Cornelius Cornell, 

j Adolph AVever, c. 
( Margaritha Schrom, c. 
May, 1775. j Jacobus Gerritson, 
i Helena Ditmars, 
Sytie Van Derveer, 

Tvid. of John Van Derveer, 
Anne Van Lewen, 

•w. of Cor. Van Lewen, 



\ 



Mattie Van Doren, 

■w. of John Van Doren, 

Gertie , 

w. of Jacob Stryker, 

Anne , 

w. of Hendrick Probasco, 

Henrica , 

■w. of Corn. Lott, 
Jack, 

slave of wid. Ditmars. 
John Stryker, Sr., 
j Ab. Ditmars, 
( Cath. Williamson, 
jRuelofFTerhune, 
I Anne Williamson,- 
Williampje Ditmars, 

TV. of Corn. Cornell, 
Dina, slave of John Stryker. 
Benj. Brokaw, 
Elizb. Crusen, 

w. of Dr. Van Beuren. 
. Joseph Cornell, 
J Peter Ditmars, 
( Mar. Duryea, or Pomje, 
Gerrit E. Gerritson, 
Maria Suydam, 

w. of Lawrence Van Cleef 
Janaatje Laen, 

wid. of LawrenceVanCleef, 
Williampje Wyk HofT, 

w. of Gerrit Terhune. 
Lucas Nevius, c. 
( Lucas Van Voorhees, 
I Johanna Dumond, 
Cyrenius Thompson, 
j Tennis Covert, 
( Magdalena Van Hengelen, 
j John Van Dorn, 
( Catalina Van Voorheesen, 
Maria Post, w. of J. Bennet, 
Nicholas Williemse, 
Ariantje Dumond, 



APPENDIX. 



99 



Sarah Auke, 

w. of Benj. Broka, 
Cathrina Summers, 

w. of Sam. Davis, 
Cornelia Probasco, 

wid. of Peter Moatfoort, 
Lydia Cornell, 

w. of John Stryker, 
Catrina Van Wagene, 

w. of RjTiier Vegter, 
Rachel Vanderbeck, 

w. of Rev. Sol. Froeligh, c. 
Oct, 1782. Garret Terhune, 

I Martinus Xevius, 
I Antje Voorheese, 
I Peter Wykoff, 
( Jacamyntje Vegter, 
( Wm. Catteljou, 
( Eva Terhune, 
Maria Schenck, 

w. of Arch. Mercer, 
JIatje Cornell, 

■w. of Luycas Nevins, 
j John Vanderveer, 
( Janatje Van Pelt, 
j Folkert Buys, 
( Hendrica Prall, 
Hebekka Sikklese, 

w. of Cyrenius Thompson, 
y — John Van Harlingen, 
Philip Van Noortwyk, 
( Albert Cornell, c. 
( Antje Stryker, c. 
Jane, 1783. Ida Garretse, 

wid. of Uriah Van Cleef, 
Annaatje Coevert, 

Vf id. of Jas. Wright, 
Elizabeth Kennedy, 
w. of Jas. Cornell. 
Nov., 1784. Margreta Bennet, 

■w. of Peter Ditmarse, 
Peter Van Doren, c. 
June, 1784 Cytie Dumond, 

jv. of Hen. Probasco, c. 
May, 1788. Adam Smith, Sr., 
John Xevius, 
Peter Stryker, 



(John Bennett, Jr., 
1 Jane Van Middleswort, 
c John Stryker, 
( Femmetje Saadam, 
t Peter Van Leuwen, 
( Sytie Wykoff, 
Susanna Van Middleswort, 

w. of Peter Staats, 
Femmetje Brokaw, 
■w. of Cenj. Waldron. 
June, 1789. Nelly Lott, 
Gertje Lott. 
June, 1790. Aaltje Van Doren, 

■w. of Tunis Hoagland, 
Sarah Tontein, 

w. of John Hoagland, 
Sarah Titchell, 

■wid. of Henry Rodgers, 
Prince 

Bervt. of Peter Wyckoff, b. 
Judith, and Tyne, 

servts. of Cor.Cornell, b.b. 
Margaret, 

servt, of Wm. Corteljon, b. 
Nelly, ser. of Peter Hofif, b. 
July, 1791. Michael Vanderveer, 
Myndert Wilson, 
j Peter Nevius, 
( Maria Terhune, 
Maria Groenendyk, 

w. of Peter Ditmars, c. 
Jannetie Van Arsdalen, 
w. of Myndert Wilson, c. 
May, 1792. j Isaac Van Xuys, 
( NeUy Quick, 
f Barent Cornell, 
1 Cath. Stoothoff, 
Marg. Schureman, 

w. of Martin Schenck, 
Sarah, 

servt. of Garret Terhune, 
Sarah, 

serv. of John Wyckoff. 
Nov., 1797. I Gerardus Voorhees, c. 
( Mary Quick, c. 
( Rynier Smock, c. 
I T. Van Arsdalen, c. 



100 



APPENDIX. 





Ann Hall, 




Thomas, 




TV. Jacob Probasco, c. 




slave of Peter Wyckoffjb. 




; Wm. "Wyckoff, c. 
i 1 Elizabeth, c. 




Maria Perrine, 






"wid. of John Hardenbergh. 




; Thos. Drue, c. 
i ; Phebe Dumont, c. 


July, 1803 


. j Jacobus Van Nuys, c. 
( Mary Hoagland, c. 








' ; John Nevius, c. 
1 \ and wife, c. 




Nell, c. 






Sarah Prall, 




Jacob Probasco, 




TV. of Dan. Hoagland- 




Phamatie Ditmars, 


April, 1805 


1. Wm. Thompson, 




Peter Staats, 




Stephen Garretson, 




Maria Frelinghnysen, 




Anne Middleswort, 




Peter Voorhees, 
i : Cath. Skilman, 




w. of Isaac Lott. 




Sept. 


Anne Hendrickson, 




Maria Van Ortivick, 




TT. of Gar. Terhune. 




w. of Peter Stryker, 


Nov. 


■ Ab. Whitenegt, 
( ! Geertje Van Nuys, 




John Bainbridge, 






Jacobus Garretson, 




Hannah, 




Martin Schenck. 




slave of PeterVanDoren, b. 


Oct., 179S, 


. Ab. F. Ditmars, 


Oct., 1807. 


, Annetta Van Harlingen, 




Martha Vechte, . 




•wid. of Paul Duryea, 




TT. of Jacobus Garret- 




Eleanor McCollum, 




son, Jr. 




TV. of Rynear Van Tyne, c. 


May, 1799. 


Peter Stryker, M. D., 




Williampje Van Arsdalen, 




Maty Ditmars, ■ ■ 




TV. of Geo. Vroom. 




■n-id. of Derick Hoagland. 


, Oct. 


Altie Terhune, 


July, 179D. 


Isaac Lott, 




TV. of John Sutphen, 




Helena Schenck, 




; John M. Bayard, c. 
1 1 Marg. Bayard, c. 




w. of Dr. Peter Stryker, 






Gertje Rynierson, 


May, 1808. 


Peter Kinney, c. 




Judith Beduyn, 




Ab. Staats, c. 




■ffid. of Sam. ■Williams. 




Gitty Lott, 


April, 1800, 


. John Staats, Jr. 




TV. of John Broach, c. 


Oct., 1800. 


Caty Blaw, 




Johannes Ditmars, c. 
Marg. Whitenack, c. 




C John Staats, c. 
\ Charity Quick. 






Oct. 


Hendrick Wilson, 


AprU.lSOl 


. Cath. Van Matic, 




Marg. Conover, 




•ff. of Henry Didsbury, 




TV. of Coert Garretson. 




Tone, 


May, 1809. 


( Farrington Barcaloo, 
\ Hannah Bennett, 




slave of Rynier Smock. 




Oct., 1801. 


John Zutphen, ■ 




( Peter Garretson, 
( Elizb. Polhemus, 




Altye WykofF, 






TV. of Josiah Schenck, 




Urias Van Cleef, 




Susanna Staats, 




Henrietta Van Sinderin, 




Mary Vechta, 




TV. of Martin Schenck, 




■w. of John Staats, 




Maria Van Duyn, 




Jane Kice, b. 




W. of Peter Stryker/ 



APPENDIX. 



101 



John Frelinghuysen, 
Leah Van Doren, 

w. of Wm. Vaa Doren, c. 
Mrs. Mary Cooper, c. 
Oct., 1809. Stintie Blaw, 

*• 17. of Fislier, 

Elizb. Sclienck, 

w. of Hend. Staats, 
Magdalen Staats, 

w. of John Vanderveer, 
Sarah Wjckoff, 
April, 1814. Elijah Hodge, 

Cuth. Van Zandt, w. 

of Adam Smith. 
Cath. Smith, wid. of John 

Stryker. 
A'elly Bennett, w. of Rich. 

Garretson. 
Maria Van Doren, w. of 

Doctor Vredeaburgh. 
Mary Young. 
Oct., 181i. Wm. McDowell. 

Ann Brokaw, w. of John 

Stryker. 
Dinah and Nancy, slaves of 

Eldert Smith. 
James, slave of Isaac 
Stryker. 
May, 1815. Mary Van Liew, w. of John 
Christopher. 
{ Ab. Beekman, c. 
( Matilda Xevius,* c. 
Maria Staats. 
Oct., 1815. Elizabeth Roberts, w. of 
Uriah Van Cleef, b. 
Mary French, w. of Mile 

Root. 
John I. Stryker. 
Bett, slave of Rev. J. L. 

Zabriskie, b. 
Mile Root, c. 
(RoelofifTerhune, c. 
j Maria Ditmarse, c. 
j Jas. Van Pelt, c. 
( Sarah Todd, c. 
Mary Xevins, w. of Cor. 
Cooper, c. 



May, 1816. Elizabeth Edgar, w. of Peter 

Van Cleef, c. 
Maria Broach, w. of Sam. 

Thomas, 
Cath. Sebring, w. of Ab. 

Van Nest. 
Anny Van Clief,* w. of Jas. 

Hagaman. 
Mary Bergen, w. of Ab. 

Staats. 
Getty Staats, w. of John 

Ditmars. 
Nov., 1816, Wm. W. Perrine, Jr., c. 
i Nic. Bainbridge, 
i Ann Cornell. 
Mary Van Cleef, w, of Isaac 

Van Cleef. 
Cor, Van Huys. 
Nelly Lott,* 
Nelly Schenck, 
Phebe Ann Garretson. 
Jane Verbryck. 
Nelly Broach, 
May, 1817. Isaac Van Cleef. 
Ab. Davis, 
Gershom Burnhart.* 
Cor, Broach, 
John Van Doren. 
Jane Merrill. 
Laura Garretson, w. of Cor. 

Staats, 
Johannah Bainbridge, 
Nelly Smock. 
Mary Thomas. 
Pheby Lott. 
j Henry Stryker, 

( Laura Thompson. 
Joseph, slave of Mr. Quick. 
Ellen, w. of Jacob Bergen, c. 
Gideon Hendrickson, c. 
Nov., 1817. Cor. Van Sickle. 

Lucretia Voorhees, w. of 

Ab. Brokaw. 
Jane Van Doren. 
Phebe Broach. 

{ John M. Wyckoff,* 

I Maria Voorhees. 



102 



APPENDIX. 



j 'Win. Wilson, 
( Jane Bergen. 
Ab. Voorhees, 
JohannLh Sutphen. .... 

Elizb. Bainbridge 

Margaret Schureman, w. of 

Dayid Nevius, Jr., c. 

Getty Voorhees, w. of Gerrit 

Quick, c. 
Martha VecMe. ■nrid. of Jas. 

Gerretson, c. 
Maria Stryker. 
Jemima Lubator, wid. of 
John Van Nostrand. 
May, 1818. Edward Van Harlingen. 
Ab. Wyckoff. 
j Isaac Van Nayse, 
I Sarah Staats. 
Phebe Staats. 
Henry Staats. 

Abm. . 

Bett,slave of "Wm.WyckofFjb. 
Oct., 1818. Elizb. Williamson, w. of 
Gideon Hendrickson. 
Martha Van Nuys, iv. of Ed 

Van Harlingen. 
Jane Tyson, wid. of Ab. P 

Staats. 
Marg. Terhune. 
Susanna Xevius, w. of Donw 

Ditmars. 
Bradly Williams. 
Mary Cushan, w. of John 

Ditmars. 
Jane, servant of Ed. Tan 
Harlingen, 
Apr., 1819. Clemens Shepherd, \r. of 
Jos. Christopher. 
j Fred. King, c. 
i Abigail Laine, c. 
( John Stryker, c. 
1 Ann Broka-w, c. 
Oct., 1819. Sam. Van Doren, c. 

Cath. Lucy Broach, w. 

of Cor. Broach, c. 
Cath. Voorhees, ■w. of Peter 
P. Staats. 



A. Van Doren, w. of Wra. 

Voorhees. 
Jane, slave of Peter Staats,b. 
Apr., 1820. Elizb. Reed. 
Oct., 1820. Fred, Frelinghuysen. 
John Wilson. 
Joseph Christopher. 
Phebe Hoagland, w. of Mar- 
tin Van Cleef. 
Sarah Spader, w. of Jer. 

Stryker. 
Dick, slave of John Sut- 
phen, b. 
Isabel Wyckoff, it. of Ab. 

WyckofiF, c. 
Maria Van Nest, c. 
Apr., 1821, Ann Schenck, vr. of Corn. 
Covenhoven. 
( John Van Zandt, 
I Elizb. Smith. 
Jane Dumont, w. of Fred. 

Frelinghuysen. 
Elizb. Frelinghuysen, w. of 

Jas. Elmendorf, M.D. 
Cath. Williams, w. of Peter 

Enlich. 
Susan Little, w. of John Mit- 
chell, b. 
Mary L. Finley, w. of John 
R. Davison, c. 
Oct., 1821. Ann Baker, w, of John Wa- 
ters. 
Marg. Van Arsdalen, w. of 

Peter Cortelyou. 
John V. Gerritson. 
Mary Lett, c. 

Maria Van Nostrand, w. of 
Isaac Hoff, c. 
May, 1822. Elizb. Duryea. 

Lydia Stryker, w. of Wm. 

Cornell. 
Jane Van Middleswort, tv. of 
Joachim Quick, c. 
Oct., 1822. ( Wm. BlackweU, 
I Cath. Croeser. 
(Jacob Van Cleef, 
1 Elizb. Gray. 



APPENDIX. 



103 



Polly Bainbriilge, w. of Na- 
thaniel Plutin. 

Eebecca Flagg, w. of Peter 
Smith. 

Cath. BrokaTV, w. of Isaac 
Van Arsdalen. 

Jane Ana Duryea,* w. Apr., 1824 
of John Tan Cleef. 

Eliz.Flagg.wid.ofJ.VanBrunt 

Elizb. Duryea. 

Lydia Stryker. 

Jacob Schcnck. 

Cor. Covenhoven. 

Wm. Cornell. 

Hannah Wyckoff, w. of John 



Wilson. 
Stephen Garretson, c. 
Maria Thompson, c. 

Elizb. , w. of - 

Voorhees, c. 
Mary Ann Srhenck. 
Ellen Thompson. 
Josiah Finley. 
Douw Wilson. 
Cyrenius Thompson. 
Gerrit Garretson. 
JohnTanderveer. 
Rynier Van Tyne. 
Apr., 1823. ( John V. M. Wyckoff, 
I Ann Walters, b. 
Abiah Enlich. 
Eachel Monday, w. of David 

Collins, 
Elizb. French, w. of 

Chris. Van Nostrand. 
Ann Brokaw. 
Elizb. Vliet. 
Peter L. Sebring. 
Mary Hagaman, b. 
Cath. Smith,* w. of Wm. 

Hoagland. 
Ann Mayhem, w. of Ab. 
Surdam, c. 
Oct., 1823. CIsaacV.C. Stryker, 
( Charity Voorhees. * 
Getty Van Pelt, w. of John 
WyckoEL 



Oct.^ 1S24 



Maria Wyckofif, vr. of John 

Eich. 
Dinah, slave of John Dit- 

mars, b. 
Sarah V. Middlesworth,* w. 

of Josiah Schenck, 
, Jane Wilson,* w. of Eynier 
Merrill. 
Mary Brokaw, w. of Cor. 

Hoagland. 
Almy W. Robinson, w. of 

Wm. T. Rogers. 
Ann Brokaw, w. of Jacob 
. Schenck. 
Peter Kinnee, 
( Nich. Bainbridge, c. 

i Ann , c. 

Cath. Van Nest, w. of Peter 

Sebring, c. 
Dinah Suydam, wid.of Garret 
Van Cleef. 

A Van Arsdalen, w. of 

Dan. Enlich. 
Henry Wilson. 
Josiah Schenck.* 
Magdalen F. Stryker, w. of 

Peter Van Zandt. 
Cath. Van Doren, w. of 

Simeon Van Nortwick. 
Ann Coevert, w. of Cyrenius 

Thompson. 
Nelly Freeland, w. of Aaron 
Hill, c. 
Oct., 182S. James G. Quick. 
Nelly Van Tyne. 
C Christopher Hoagland, c. 
I Phebe Staats,* c. 
May, 1827. Jemima Barcaloo, vr. of John 
King, c. 
Fred. F. Cornell. 
Marg. Cornell, c. 
Ann Maria Cornell, c. 
Cath. Cornell, c. 
Catalina Schenck, w. of 

Sam. M. Quick. 
Leah M. Vleet, w. of James 
Quick. 



Oct, 1825 
Apr.. 1826 



lOi 



AFFEmyix. 



John Wyckoff. 
Oct., 1827. Jonatliaa Bennett. 
Cor. Cornell, c. 
Elizb. Baiubridge, w. of Wm. 
Wyckoff, c. 
1828. Church Rebcilt. 
May, 1829. Ann Stryker, w. of Peter 



Jolm S. Stryker. 
Douw J. Ditmars. 
Deborali Vanderipe, w. of 
John Flagg, c. 

Peter , c. 

Sarah Kinsey, w. of David 

Lewis, c. 
Ellen Thomson, c. 
Jonathan Smith, c. 
i Peter L. Suydam, c. 
i Maria Oakey, c. 
Oct., 1820. Marg. Hageman, w. of Jas. 
Vanderveer. 
Dinah Van Doren, -w. of Jos. 
Voorhecs. c. 
May, 1S30. Cor. Staats. 

Stryker, c. 

Oct., 1830. Maria Yan Xostrand, w. of 
Jacob Smith. 
Letty Van Doren, w. of Den- 
nis Tan Duyn. 
( Ab. Gerritson, c. 

i Elizabeth , c. 

Apr., 1831. Ann Bennett, w. of John 
Probasco. 
Thorn., slave of John Wyckoff. 
Rachel Collins, c. 
Sarah Schenck, w. of Jos.. 

"Van Doren, c. 
Elizabeth Gibson, w. of Dan, 

Brown, c. 
Margaret, slave of Jacobus 
Quick, c. 
Oct., 1831, ( Rynier Staats, 
\ Cath. Toorhees. 
i John Auten, 
< Cornelia Probasco. 
• Fred. Probasco. 
Mariah Proba.sco. 



( Dan. Lewis, 
{ Jane Ann Stryker. 
James Van Xuys. 
Peter Cornell. 
Isaac Cornell, 
Ellen Cornell. 
Letty Cornell. 
Dorothy Staats. 
Ann S. Quick. 
Sarah Cash. 
Maria Flagg. 
Sarah Suydam. 
Mary Suydam.* 
Mary Ann Wj-ckofF.* 
Cornelia Ann Gerritson. 
Elizabeth Hoaglaud.* 
Magdalen Hoagland. 
Elizabeth Harris, wid. of 

Peter Yan Doren. 
Mary Ann Skillman, widow 

of Jacob Stryker. 
John W. Suydam. 
Maria Suydam. 
Maria Barcaloo. 
Hannah Barcaloo. 
Maria Walter. 

Susan Yanderveer. ~v 

Garret Wyckoff. 
Maria Wyckoff. 
Rachel Wyckoff. 
Marg. Yan Xostrand. 
i John Smock.* 
\ Jane Monday. 
( John A. Smith.* 
C Sarah Anten. 
( Cortlandt Voorhees, 
\ Jane Ann Stryker. 
Maria Yan Cleef, w. of John 

Stryker. 
Maria Stryker/. 
Peter J. Smith. 
Susan Smith, 
Cath. Y. X. Smith. 
Joseph Yan Doren. 
Sophia Ann Yan Doren. 
Margaret Ditmars, yr. of Dr. 

McEissack. 



APPENDIX. 



105 



i John Tan Lie'w, 

( Julian Sansbury. 
Adam Smitli. 
Jane Smith.* 
Abigail Smith.* 
Magdalen Yan Zandt, w. of 

Benj. Yan Xostrand. 
Jane Yoorhees, w. of Wra 

Smith. 
Wm. T. Ttodgers. 

C Stout Mcilachin, 

I Sarah Lovr. 
Perrine Gerritson. 
Jas. Perrine. 
Henry Stryker, 
Henry Bennett. 
Isaac Bennet. 

Priscilla Waters, w. of Peter 
Lewis. 

( Peter Stryker, 

t Elsie Christopher. 

j Peter I. Xevius,* 

( Jane Yanderveer.* 

I Schenck Yanderveer, 

1 Johannah Gerritson. 

John Williamson. 

Peter S. Williamson.* 

Peter N. Beekman,* 

John I. Yan Cleef. 

Cor. S. Ne^ius. 

Ann Stryker. 

Eleanor Stryker. 

Martha Mumford. 

Peter Smith. 

Cath. Ann Smith. 

Peter Staats. 

Cath. Yan Nostrand. 

Kelly Yan Xuys, tt. of Ste- 
phen Gerritson. 

Eleanor Gerritson. 

Jane Ann Hageman. 

Elizb. Stryker,* w. of Ab. 
Polhcmus. 

Cornelia Polhemns. 

Eliza Maria Thompson. 

Letty Christopher. 



Dorcas Stryker, w. of Ab. 

Yan Doren. 
Matilda Yan Liew, tv. of Dan. 

Disborough. 
Cath. Quick. 
Jane Wil?on.* 
John. J. Yan Xostrand. 
Peter P. Staats.* 
c John P. Staats.* 
{ Johanna Yan Doren.* 
j Ernestus Schenck. 
( Ann Skillman.* 
Frank, slave of John Yan 

Doren. 
Tite, slave of John Yan 

Doren. 
Jane, slave of JohnP. Staats. 
Eachel, slave of Pvynier 
Staats. 

Nelly, slave of Yan 

Cleef. 
Peggy, free wife of Thomp- 
son. 
May, 1832. Nelly Greendike,-w. of Henry 
Wilson, 
Maria Wunpit,* w. of Peter 

Cornell, 
Cath. Wilson,* w. of Peter 

P. Staats, 
Peter Staats, 
Stephen Renan, 
Jane, slave of widow Hage- 
man, 
j John J. Yan Nest, c. 
I Francis Smith, c. 
Peter J. Yan Nest, c. 
Idah Yan Liew, w. of Peter 

B. Yan Doren, 
Ab. Quick,* c. 
Oct., 1832. ( James Staats, c. 

I Aletta Yan Nuys, c. 

Ann • , c. 

. Yan Yeghte, c. 

t John Sutphen, 
i Letty Staats, 
Maria Yan Nuys, w. of Isaac 
Sebrm^', 



106 



APPENDIX. 



Victor Delvan, 

Maria Delvan, 

Cornelia, w. of Peter Fine, 

Jane, slave of widow Hage 

man, 

Peggy , 

May, 1833. Nancy Davis, c. 
Hannah Davis, c. 
Sarah, servant of Nancy 

Davis, c. 
Sarah Nevius, w. of Peter 

Enlich. c. 
Cath. Stevens, w. of John 

Pittegrew, c. 
Sylvia Wyckoff, w. of Cor. 

Nevius, c. 
Wm. French,* c. 

Cornelius , c. 

Henry Little, h. 

Isabella , b. 

Dinah French, w. of 

Isaac Tan Cleef, c. 
Margaret Van Nest, 
Cor. Cornell, c. 
Sarah Ann Hunt, c. 
Bergen , 



Oct., 1833, 
May, 1834. 



Sarah J. Bellis, w. of P. Van 

Doren, c. 
Ellen Van Liew, w. of J. 
Smith, c. Oct., 

Oct., 1834. James Compton, 
John Compton. 
Mary Coop, w. of Wm. Reed, 
Peter A. Dumont, c. 
Cath. Miner,* w. of Peter 
Daly, c. 
May, 1835. Rachel Van Liew, b. 
Wm. Longe Taylor, 
Peter D. Quick, c. 
[ Ab. H. Brokaw,* c. 
i Gertrude Staa 3, c. 
Oct., 1835. Cor. Van Nest, 
Gerrit Quick, 
John Van Zandt,* 
Johannah Bergen, 
Mary Ann French, w. of* 
Garret Van Liew, c. 



Prudence Longstreet, yr. of 

Geo. Walber, c. 
Idah Van Duyn, w. of Ed.\ 

Van Harlingen, c. 
Apr., 1836. Mary Ann Van Arsdale, w. 

of Paul Lewis, b. 
Susanna Staats, c. 
Oct., 1836. Catharine, w. of John W. 

Bush, c. 
Peter Staats, 
Jane Staats, 
Garret Bergen, 
Maria Bergen, 
Phebe Bergen, 
AdamKipsey, 
Phebe Staats, 
Sarah Van Arsdalen, w. of 

John Van Nostrand, 
Eachel Van Zandt, 
John Ditmars. 
May, 1837. fJohn Van Doren Hoag- 
j land,* . 

'Magdalen Garretson,* 
Ann Joanna Hulick,* 
Jacob Wortman, 
J Henry Schenck, c. 
1 Eliza Wilson, c. 
Phebe HLx, w. of Jacob 

Wortman, c. 
1837. Peter Polhemus, 
Cornelia Polhemus, 
Sarah Gerretson, 
Magdalen Gerretson, w. of 

Peter Smith, , 



Sarah Van Pelt, w. of Isaac 

Van Cleef, 
Ann Maria Voorhees, 
Letitia Gernow, 

( Ralph T. Sutphen,* 

( French, 

Sarah . 



I Henry Staats, 
( Helen Staats, 
L. Staats, 

w. of 



Elizabeth Whitenech,* 
w. of John I. Staats, 



APPENDIX. 



107 



Henry Hulick, 
John W. Bush, c. 
\ Cornelia Low, c. 
I Sarah Van Duyn, c. 
John J. Staats, c. 
Edward Thompson, c. 
May, 1838. ( Cor. P. Brokaw, 

( Catharine , 

Susan V. Kemp, 

( Alfred French, 

( Eliza Silvis, b. 

Mary Hoagland, 

w. of Jas. Hultz, 
Isaac L. Van Cleef, 
Ab. Suydam,* 
"Wm. J. Thompson, 
Peter A. Polheraua, -^ 
j Wm. Sunderland, c. 
( Leah Powelson, c. 
( Henry Povrelson,* c. 
( Lydia Stryker,* c. 
jDan. Lewis, c. 
( Jane Stryker, c. 
c John W. Quick, c. 
( Sarah Stryker, 
Peter Wortman, c. 
, John Breeze, c. 

Bergen H. Van Vliet, c. 

Maria N. -ter, 

■w. of John Taylor, c. 
Oct., 1838. Eebecca Van Kemp, 

w. of Fred. Ten Eyck, 
Jolin J. Ditmars,* 
Sarah Cornell, 
James Burnhart, t 
j Priam Staats, 
( Dian 
May, 1839. Elizabeth Peterson,* 

w. of John Van Zandt, c. 
Oct., 1839. Mary Ann Gulick, 

w. of Cor. Wooley, 
Diana, belonging to 

Wid. G. Voorheeg, 
Betty, 

belonging to Ab. Quick. 



May, 1840. Peter Daily, b. 

Cor. S. Hoagland, c. 
Mary T. Elvira, c. 
C. Wilson, c. 
Oct., 1840. ^ Garret Quick, c. 

( Adaline Voorhees, c. 

] Henry Bl , c. 

■ ( Sarah J. Voorhees, c. 
( John G. Voorhees, c. 
1 Eliza Voorhees, c. 
Eliza W— d— r, 

■w. of Peter Wortman, 
Oct., 1841. John Piynierson, b. 
Marg. Miner, c. 
j Jas. L. Voorhees,* c. 
( Maria Smith,* c. 
Maria Van Arsdalen, 

■w. of Peter J. VanXest,c. 
Maria Pieter, 

w. of Wm. Vroom, c. 
Ann Vroom, c. 
May, 1842. Dinah Van Cleef, 
Selah Woodhull, 
Oath. Yan Nuys, 

w. of Isaac Lott, 
Sarah Street, 

w. of John Sauls, 
Ann Dumont, 

wid. of Jas. Voorhees, 
Ann Porter, 

w. of Ab. Vroom, 
Gertrude Broach. 
Oct., 1842. Isaac Lott, 

Henrietta Broach, 
Ann, 

slave of , 

Eliza , 

w. of Peter . 

May, 1843. Peter Lewis, 

Eachel Johnson, 

w. of John Bellis, 
Rebecca Bellis, 
Marg. McKlssack,* 
Sarah Elmendorf, 
■w. of Dr. Elmendorf, 



t Now Rev. Jae. Bemart, of Boardville. 



108 



APPENDIX. 



j Jolin Van Doren,* 
i Charity Staats,* 
J John Smith, 
( Elizb. Ann Van Zandt, 
Matilda Nevius, 
Ann Lott, 
J Benj. Smith, 
( Ann Brokaiv,* 
( Peter Stryker, 
( Elsie Christopher 
I Peter Sullivan, 
I Sarah Snyder. 
Oct., 1843. Marg. Annin, 

Cath. Burnhart, 
Ellen Thomas, 
-, Cath. Disborough, 
Henry Coleman, 
John Broach, 

-- Elizb. Ann Van Cleef, ' 

Trid. of Peter Polhemus, ' 
Eliza Ann Polhemus, 
■«•. of Herman Dilty. 



Oct., 1845. 
May, 1846. 



Ellen Cornell, c. 
Cath. Broach, 

•wid. of David Gulicb, c. 
Nancy Gulick, c. 
Elizb. Ann Hoagland, 

TV. of Wm. Wyckoff, c. 
Elizb. Hephun, 

■w. of Jac. Suydam, c. 
Phebe Staats,* 

vr. of Ab. Voorhees,c. 
Mary Van Vliet. 
Tunis Freener, 

"w. of Wm. . 



May, 1844. 



j And. Vroom, 
111 



. Maria Ditmarg, 
jRoeloffT. Ditmars,* 
( Sarah Brokaw, 
Mary Ann Staats, 

■w. of Adrian Merrill, 
Joachim Quick, 
3Iary A. Zabriskie, 
, j Henry Hulick, c. 
■ ( Alliebah Jane Still-well, c. 
Maria Stryker, 

vr. of John Fine, c. 
Oct., 1844, Isaac W. Van Doren, 
Phebe Van Duyn, 

~ w. of Peter Wyckofif", c. 
,;^.tu3 Wuyphey, c. 
J Hannibal Nevius, c. 
. (.Hagar, c. 
May, 1845. Uavj Van Cleef, 
Christian Bodinot, 

TV. of Joseph H. Stryker,c 
j Isaac Cornell, c. 
( Maria Flagg, c. 
Deborah Vanderipe, 
w. of John Flagg, c. 



Isaac Van Cleef, 
Mary Van Cleef,* 

w. of Staats Van Nnys, 
Ab. Van Xest, 
.Prime Ditmars. 
Oct., 1846. Peter Bergen, 

Elizb. Peterson, 
Eachel Ann Smith * 

w. of Ab. Van Nest, 
Maria Hagaman, 
Tiv. of Wm. Ann Dnyn, 
Dinah Ten Eyck, 

•w. of John Francis CI — . 
May, 1847. John C. Rosecrant?;, 
Vm. Wyckoff, 
Maria Brokaw,* 

w. of John E. Staats, 
Maria Cortelyou, 

TV. of Peter Wortman, c. 
Oct., 1847. Thomas Staats, c. 
April, 1848. Jolm B. Smith, 
Susanna Gerno,* 
j Peter Daily, c. 
( Cath. Miner,* c. 
Oct., 1848. Peter V. D. Broach, 
Cath. Stryker, 
( Peter Dumont Voorhees,c 
( Marg. A. Sutphen, c. 
j Cor. Messier, c. 
(Anna Wyckoff, c. 
( Cor. J. Gulick,* 
( Sarah Ann Voarhees, c. 
( Hannibal Nevius, c. 
(Hagar, c. 



ATPENDIX. 



109 



May, 1849. Leah Adaline Van Doren, 

vr. of Henry Coleman, b 
Gertrude Sclienck, 

\r. of Ab. Davis, 
Cath. Davis, 
Mary Voorhees,* 
jAb. Vegbte* 
( Ann Van Nest,* 
Jane Van Nuys, 

-w. of Brogun Van Nuya, 
Jane Ann Strylicr, 

■wid. of Court Vcorliees. 
Oct., 1349. Maria Vroom, b. 
Idah Jane , 

w. of Caleb Brokaw, 
Elizb. Gerno,* 
Peter S. Hoagland, 
Jane A. De G , 

w. of Van Doren, c. 

Mary , 

w. of Josiah Davia, c . 
May, 1850. Jane Van Doren, 

TV. of James Costiton, 
Mary Schenck, 
Cath. Ann Van Doren, 
Ann Y. Elmendorf,* 
John V. A. Merrill, 
Catharine Thompson, c. 
Mary Powelson, 

wid. of John Hoagland, c . 
Ann Thompson,* 

■w. of Arthur Quick, c . 
Mary Cos, wife of 

John Isaac Voorhees, c. 
Jane Voorhees, c. 
Mary Voorhees, c. 
Oct., 1850. Peter Q. Voorhees,* 
Esther Ann Wyckoff, 
Mary Elizb. Voorhees, 
Ida Nevius,* 

w. of Reuben H. Hulick, 
Ab. J. Voorhees, 
Dr. James B. Elmendorf, 
Eliza Merrill, 

wid. of Cor. Van Nuys, 
Mary Polhemus, 

TV. of John Steins, 



Sarah Ann Snyder, 

■w. of Ab. H. Broka-w, 
Charlotte L. Gillette, 

IV. of Rev. JohnDeWitt,c. 
May, 1851. Wm. H. Van Doren, 
Henry Schenck, 
Cath. Maria Gulick, 

TV. of John Gerno, 
Adaline Hoagland, 

w. of Jas. Garretson, c. 
( James G. Voorhees,* c. 
( Jane Skillman,* c . 
Ellen Schenck,* 

vr. of Dan. Disborough, c 
Sarah Van Arsdale, 

■wid. of Jas. Voorhees, 
Sarah Voorhees, 
Aletta Voorhees, 
Jane Voorhees. 
Oct., 1851. ( Peter S. Vanderveer,* 
( Sarah Everet,* 
j Peter C. Staats,* 
(Magdalen Gerno,* 
j John Henry Wilson,* 
( Mary Jane Howell,* 
Sarah D. Howell, 
Adaline Van Cleef, 
Maria S. Powelson, 
Jane Powelson, 

w. of Ed. Christopher, 
John V. D. Xevius, 
Maria L. Nevius,* 
Susanna V. Nevius,* 
Elizabeth Smith,* 

w. of Peter P. Stryker, 
Jacob Gulick, 
Adrian Merrill, 
( Wm. Hulse,* 
( Elizb. W. Hoagland,* 
Jane D. Van Cleef,* 
Elizb. E. Bernhart,* 
Cath. Jane French, 
Martha Maria French,* 
Caleb Brokaw, 
Cath. Smith, 

wid. of Jas. Frederick, 
John Steins, 



no 



APPEXDIX. 



Anna Kirkpatrick, 

w. of Henry Schenck, o 
j Isaac Gulick, c. 

\ Syche DeHart, c. Feb., 1853, 

Cornelia Van Zandt,*' 

w. of Isaac Sebring, c 
Aletta J. Van Arsdale,* 

w. of Wm. M, K. Smith, c. 
Feb., 1852. Jas. Garretson, 

Peter S. Ditmars,* Jane, 1853. 

Jonathan W. Wilson,* 
Jacob J. Garretson,* 
Richard F. French, 
Getty Stultz, 

wid. of Wm. W. Pierson, 
Charlotte Maria Broach, 
Cath. M. Van Doren, 

Tvid. of Cor. S. Hoagland, 
Maria WyckofT, 

TV. of Wm. H. Van Doren, Oct., 1853. 
Cath. Van Alst, 

wid. of Joshua Martin, 
Adaline Van Cleef, 
Jane Van Veste, 
Wm. M. K. Smith,* 
Jane Polhemus, 
EUen V. N. Garretson, Feb., 1S54, 

d. of Perrine G., 
Silas DeWitt, 

Matilda Van Nuys,* c. June, 1855, 

June, 1725. Adeline Voorhees,* 

w. of Isaac A. Van Cleef, 
Sarah Wilson, 
Catharine Sebring,* 
Elizabeth Davis, 

Maria Merrill,* Oct., 1855. 

Frank Polhemus, 
j John D. Van Xuys, c. 
I Matilda B. Voorhees, c. 
Sarah Garretson * 

V. of Benj. C. Smith, c. 
Maria Flagg,* 

w. of Cor. H. Broach, c . 
Oct., 1852. Rachel Matilda Wyckoff, 

Elizabeth Elmendorf, Feb., 1856, 

Diana Terhune, 



Geo. Labagh, 
Judy Robinson, 
Cor. Cornell, c. 
Wm. Rynaerson, b. 
Cath. Van Nostrand, 
Cath. Jane Smith,* 
Sarah Staats, 

■w. of J. J. Garretson, 
Wm. Voorhees, c. 
Anna S. Garretson,* 

■w. of Selah W. Smith, 
Helen Ann Van Doren, 

■n-. of Rich. H. Kuhl, 
Hannah Hopkins, 
Rich. H. Kuhl, c. 
Mrs. Ann Probasco, c. 
Ellen WyckoS, 

■vr. of Isaac Garretson, c^ 
Ellen Van Tyne,* c. 
Maria V. Ditmars, 
Anna E. Ditmars,* 
Cath. Ann Sutphen,* 
Matilda Beekman, 

w. of Dr. L. H. Mosher, c . 
Cath. Onderdonk, 

w. of John B. WyckofF, c . 
John Sutphen, 
Cath. Beekman, 

vr. of Jac. W. Beekman. 
Gertrude Fisher, 

w. of Wm. Abbott, 
Lydia Ann Gillette, 
Ellen Louisa Broach, 
Hannah Marg. VanXostrand, 

TT. of Dan. Hutchinson, c. 
Gertrude Staats,* 

vr. of Cor. J. Lane, 
Helen Jane MerseroU. w. of 

Wm. Harris Van Doren, 
Maurice V. Laurens, 
Peter L. Powelson, o. 
Joseph Kennedy, b., 
Theodosia Wyckoff,* 
Joanna Nevius. - " 
Hannah Elizb. Redding, 
Cor. J. Lane, c. 



APPENDIX. 



Ill 



June, 185G. Jacob Theodore Wyckofif, 
j Henry V. Stryker, 
I Sarah Elizb. Van Nuys, 
Cath. E. Stryker, 
' w. of Josiah J. Scheuck, 
Gertrude Brokaw, 
Gertrude Powelson, 
Martha Sebring, 
j Harry Xevius,* 
< Henrietta, * 
Diana, 

servt. of Josiah Schenck,b 
J JohnVred. Van Xeste,* c 
( Mary Tabitha Stryker,* c 
Adaline Stryker,* 

■w. of D. S. Young, c. 
Oct., 1S56. Marg. Beardslee,* b. 
Rachel Beardslee,* 

■vf. of P. N. Beekman, b. 
Jane M. Huff, 

w. of John S. WyckofT, c. 
Mary Dolliver, S 

■w. of Alex. B. Staats, c. 
Cath. Van Vleck, c. 
Cath. M. Suydam,* c. 
Mary Voorhees,* 

w. of Cor. Gulick, o. 
Phebe Staats,* 

w. of C. L. Hoagland, c. 
Gertrude Hoagland. 
May, 1857. Isaac Sebring, Jr.* 

Sarah Maria Van Vleck, 

Ellen Ann Hoagland, 

Mary "Walyns, w. of Joseph 

Phillips, c. 
Sarah Maria Hoagland,* w 
of John Vande Ripe, c. 
Sept., 1857. Maria Voorhees, -widow of 
Cornell, c. 



< David C. Hubbard,* 

( Mary ,* c. 

Martha Hummer,* w, of P. 
S. Williamson. 
Mar., 1858. Ab. V. D. Staats,* 
Sarah H. Bernart,* 
Mary Elizb. Van Doren, 
Francis Van Vleck, 



Marg. Ann Nevius, 
Margaret Powelson, w. of 
Peter L. Powelson, c. 
Jan., 1858. j Caleb Brokaw, Jr., 

I Mary Eliz. Veghte, 
John VanderRipe,* 
Matilda R. Merrill,* 

( Cor. G. Van Cleef, 

( Maria G. Hoagland, 
Sarah Maria Gulick, 
■Jane Ann Garretson,* 
Henrietta Brokaw,* w. of H. 
V: V. D. Stryker, 
j Jas. J. Garretson, c. 
I Elsie Wortman,* 
Mary Voorhees,* w. of Min- 
na V. Van Doren, c. 
Jas. H. Stryker, c. 
Elizb. Stryker, wiij. of Ab. 

Stryker, 
Abby Ann Sater. 
ep., 1858. \ John C. Van Vliet, 

(Mary Merrill, 

( James Van Nuys,* 

1 Letitia Staats,* 

j Isaac V. C. Wyckoff,* 

1 Cath. WyckofiF,* 
Henry S. Van Nuys,* 
Harriet Beardslee, 
Cath. Blackwell,* 
Eleanor French,* 
Jane Ann Cornell,* 
Theresa Van Cleef, 
Abigail V. Gulick,* 
Alette Jane Stryker,* 
Mrs. Patience Rockfellow, 
Sarah Staats,* w. of Henry S. 

Van Nuys, c. 
Jane Staats, wid. of James 
J.Stryker. 
Feb., 1859. John Staats,* 

Virginia Schenck, 
John Shields Haynes,* b. 

(Elijah Rouser, c. 

1 Maria Bergen, c. 
May, 1859. Fred. A. Smith,* 

Mary Ann Polhemus,* vr. of 



113 



APPENDIX. 



Law. V. Van Nuys, 
Mary Elmerdorf,* 
j Sam. Francis,* b. 
' Jane Ann Van Doren,* c. 
f Sanford B. Wakeman,* c. 
^ Cath. Van Vliet,* c. 
f John B. Wykoff, c. 
j Cath. Onderdonk, c. 
Jas. Nevius,* c 
Oct., 1857. Henry 'Wilson, 

Cath. A. Hoagland, 
HoUoTray W. Pierce, c. 
Lydia Voorhees,* w. of Jo- 
siah S. Smith, c. 
Feb., 1860. James H. Ilageman,* 

Mary Gertrude Sutphen,* 
Lucinda Skinner, w. of Isaac 
Hughey. 
June, 1860. Lydia A. Powelson,* 
John Garretson.f 
( Whilden Foster, b. 
I Jane 0. Baker, b. 
Maria H. Hulce,* 
Elizb. Stryker,* "w. of Thos. 

Layton, 
Christina Flagg,* c. 
Mrs. Maria Sylvester, c. 
Jas. H. Sylvester, c. 
f Abraham Quick,* c. 
( Martha French,* c. 
Oct., 1860. Mary A. Voorhees,* 

Sarah Wyckoff,* wid. of 

Jac. Smith, c. 
Letty Flagg, w. of Wm. F. 
Feb., 18G1. Alex. B. Staats,* 

Cornelia A. Stryker,* 

Sarah S. Stryker, 

Mary Voorhees,* 

Ab. Davis, c. 

Lemmy Cordelia Hulick,* 

Josephine OuthoutVan Har- 

lingen, 
Martha I^ouisa Annen, 
( Ealph Voorhees, c. 
t Ann B. Brokaw, c. 
June, 1861. Jacob V. N. Smith,* 
tNow a licentiate. 



f Peter W. Garretson,* 

\ Car. V. N. Field,* 

j Josiah Boisnot,* c. 

I Elizabeth Stryker,* c. 
Phebe Smith,* vr. of John 
Cruser, c. 
Oct., 1S61. j Joseph Christopher,* 

{ Cath. M. Van Nuys,* 
Anna Maria Merrill,* 
Anna Maria Ditmars,* 
Charlotte S. DeWitt, 
John W. French, 
Magdalena VanderRipe, 
Maria Louisa Smith,* 
Gertrude Wilson,* w. of "Wm. 

Blackwell, 
Ann Lott, w. of Isaac Davis, 
Jane Ann Houghton, w. of 
John Rightmire, c. 
Feb., 1862. James T. Elmendorf,* 
John R. Ditmars,* 
Dinah V. C. French,* 

f Peter W. WikofF,* c. 

( Cath. A. Ditmars,* c. 
June, 1862. Cor. Elizb. Smith,* 

Marg. V. D. Lott, w. of 
Peter Powelson, c. 
Henry Hulick, c. 

j Joseph Conover,* c. 

/ Jane Hoagland,* c. 
Mary E. Conover,* c. 
Sep., 1862. Ellen Ann Conover,* 
Feb., 1863. Matilda Beekman,* 

Fannie M. Beekman,* 
Sarah G. Van Nest,* 
Cath. Van Nest, 
Cath. S. Hoagland, 
Sarah Van Doren, -vr. of Jack 

Van Doren. 
May, 1863. Martha L. Brokaw,* 
Cath. J. A. Brokaw,* 
Henry P. Hoagland,* 
Henrietta Holmes, 

I Alex. B. Brokaw, c. 

j Letitia Quick, c. 
Thos. Hobart;* c. 
Sarah H. Hobart,* c. 



APPENDIX. 



113 



J John H. Vandervoort,* c. 
Eliza Brokaw,* c. 
Elizb. H. Vandervoort,* c. 
Aletta Ann Vandervoort,* c. 
Mary S. Vandervoort,* c. 
Oct., 1S63. Sarah Aletta Staats,* 
Feb., 1SG4. Mary B. Brokaw,* 
Maria Stryker,* 
Mary Esther Kipp,* w. of 
Rev. E. T. Corwia, c. 
May, 1864. Cor. H. Broach,* 
Elizb. S. Merrill,* 
Eleanor Schenck,* w. of 

Sam. Brown, c. 
Sarah Jane Vooihee3,* 
Sarah Auten, 
Sarah E. VanNostrand,* vr. 

of Jacob V. N. Smith, c. 
I Win. C. Burniston, c. 
( Jane Ann Cornell, c. 
Anna Wyckoff,* c. 
Aug., 1864. Martha V. Gulick,* 

Martha Batcheller,* w. of 

Jas. Y. Elmendoif. c. 
Sar.Smith,* w.of J. Haynes. 
IToT., 1864. ( I-rael Fisher,* c. 

( Maria Vanderipe,* c. 
Sarah Staats. c. 
Eleanor Smith,* w. of Oerard 

Voorbees, c. 
Maria S. French,* wid. of 

Ab. G. Van Nest. c. 
Guretta Q Powelson,* wid. 

oi'Wm. Gulick, c. 
I.saac W. Van Doren,* c. 
Feb., 1865. Isaac H. Powelson,* 
Ab. Van Cleef.* 
Margaret Van Doren.* 
Anna M. Van Deventer,* 
Lewis H. Colthra,* c, 
John Van Neat,* 
May, 1865. Julia Miller,* 

Cor. B. Veghte,* 



Sanih V. N. Veghte* 
Alex. A. Brokaw. 
(Joseph II. Van Cleef.'' c. 
/ .Mary Jane Field,* c. 
Hannah F. Vrooni. c. 
Ueni-y Huliek,* c. 
( I'hiliii E. Van Arsdale,* c. 
( Klcy V'ooihees,* c. 
Catli. .skiilman,* w. of Wm. 

1). Van Dyke. c. 
Lucy .S. Van Dyke,* c. 
M.uyO. Servis,* w. of John 
Uoagland, c. 
Aug., 1865. Wm. G. Wiliiamson,* 
Sarah Jane Conover. 
Susan Dinah WyckofiT,* 
Mary Ann Felnily,* w. of 

Ab. Van Cleef, c. 
Ellen Van Xuys. e. 
Nov., 1S65. Magdalene Van Nuys,* 

Sarah Jane Xevius,* w. of 
l-]lias Wilson, c. 
( v.'ni. E. M.ittison.*M.».,c. 
] Frances T. Uace.* c. 
Feb.. ISfiG Caroline .^taats. 
May, 1866. Eliza T. Bcekman.* wife of 
Fred. V. L. Voorhees, c. 
Mrs. Isabella Scott,* 

{Albert Voorhees.* c. 
Kate rdackwell.* c. 
Ana E i«i Ji.vjli,* \vu\. of 

Ab. Veghtj, 
Catli. Smith.* wife of James 
Garretson, c. 
Ang., 1800. Garret Voorhees.* c. 

( -iDlin 1. Van Cleef,* c. 



( Eliza Van Doren,* c. 
Ann I'^liza .^mi'.li.* 
Mary 'I'. Van .Vest,* 
Mary Ann Apgar,* w. of 

Zelins Culver, 
Peter G. Quick.* 



i]