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1652 to 1893. 




.) o \ 1 ' A '^e 



189 3. 

One Hundi'ed and Fifty Copies Printed. 


" It is a useful employment for societies, as well as individuals, to look 
back through their past history and mark the dealings of a kind Providence 
toward them." (Bishop Meade.) " It is wise for us to recur to the history of 
our ancestors. Those who are regardless of their ancestors, and of their pos- 
terity, who do not look upon themselves as a link connecting the past with the 
future in the transmission of life from their ancestors to their posterity, do not 
perform their duty to the world. To be faithful to ourselves we must keep 
our ancestors and posterity within reach and grasp of our thoughts and affec- 
tions. Living in the memory and retrospect of the past, and hoping with 
affection and care for those who are to come after us, we are true to ourselves 
only when we act with becoming pride for the blood we inherit, and which we 
are to transmit to those who shall fill our places." (Daniel Webster.) "I 
have never known a person whose self-reliance was of so austere a cast that 
he did not take pleasure when it was in his power to do so in tracing his de- 
scent from an honored line." (Edward Everett.) 


While living in Philadelphia in the year 1870 I had occasion 
to hunt up some dates relating to older members of our family. I 
found the search by no means an easy one ; for by the burning 
of the old homestead soon after the late war a great number of 
valuable papers, letters, and books were destroyed. These referred 
especially to my father's family, as the homestead was owned by 
my great-uncle, who was the eldest son and inherited most of the 
landed property, and with it also the old Eevolutionary papers of 
his father, Captain John Jolliffe. I regret the loss of these exceed- 
ingly, as they covered such a very interesting period. Some of 
them, relating to lands which this ancestor received for Eevolu- 
tionary services, were in the hands of a lawyer in Winchester, and 
were taken, with the Court archives, somewhere up the valley, to 
save them from destruction by soldiers or camp-followers during 
the late war. The archives, even to the first old deed-book, have 
fortunately been restored, but all efforts to recover our papers have 
thus far been unavailing, although the deed to this land has come 
back to us in a curious and roundabout way. Happily, this ancestor, 
before he joined the fray of 1776, stepped from a peaceful line, whose 
records up to a certain date are safely laid away in the Meeting 
Eecords at Hopewell, Virginia. Before this friendly period I had 
the Court-House records and the General Land OflSce at Eichmond 
to fall back upon. 

Thus the difficulties in my path but added interest to my search, 
which was continued from time to time, when I had the leisure, in 
desultory fashion. In late years, however, I have taken up the 
subject seriously and systematically, and what was begun as a jms- 
time has proved a great blessing in helping me through many 
invalid hours. A little over a year since, in looking through these 
data with a relative, it was suggested that I publish them for the 
benefit of my children and those of the family who might be inter- 
ested. Hence these imperfect pages, which were never intended 
for the public eye. 

It is probably safe to say that no genealogy of a large family 



has ever been written without some mistakes, and this book will 
probably form no exception to the general rule, although I have 
carefully endeavored to make no statements positively without 
having the best of authority therefor. My researches have in- 
volved much time, labor, and expense, spread out as they have 
been, necessarily, over a large territory, especially in the South, 
where the genealogist finds no royal road cast up for him in the 
way of carefully preserved records gathered into the many his- 
torical societies that are scattered all over New England and the 
Eastern States. 

My sources of information have been various. The libraries of 
Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, and Eichmond have yielded 
me much valuable information, also family Bibles and papers, 
Friends' Meeting records of Bucks County, Pennsj^lvania, Chester 
County, Pennsylvania, of Maryland and Virginia, especially those 
of East Nottingham, Maryland, Hopewell and Fairfax, Virginia, 
and Church records of various denominations in Virginia. The 
General Land Office at Eichmond, Virginia, has aided me greatly 
in information about our earliest ancestors that otherwise would 
have been impossible to obtain. There I found copies of the orig- 
inal patents of land they took up under the Crown and Lord Fair- 
fax, some of which I have given in these pages, as they are quaintly 
and curiously worded. There, too, are the proceedings of the Gen- 
eral Assembly relative to military grants and copies of the general 
warrants to Virginia officers during the Eevolution, some of which 
I have also given. The various Court records also have been ex- 
amined, especially those of Norfolk County, at Portsmouth, Vir- 
ginia, and of Frederick County, at Winchester, Virginia. Eelatives 
and friends have also aided with books, old letters, and personal 

No effort to carry this reseai'ch, with regard to the families men- 
tioned, into England or Ireland has been attempted, and the in- 
formation given has only been such as has been obtained from 
family records and such English Avorks as are to be found in our 
public libraries. The Eush Library, in Philadelphia, is especially 
rich in such volumes. I have been very careful to give my authori- 
ties for what I have published on this subject, and owing to limited 
space have had to omit much that was very interesting. It may, 
however, furnish a starting-point for some member of the family 
to finish what I have begun. 

In order not to confuse the reader, an effort has been made to 
keep the generations distinct. Wherever a date is given and not 


qualified, it has been copied from a reliable record, such as a Family- 
Bible, Meeting or Court-House record. When the record does not 
give the exact date, and it is gathered from contemporaneous rec- 
ords, circumstances, etc., it is given as about such and such a time. 
Having commenced my title-page with a sentiment from good 
old Bishop Meade, that " it is wise for us to look back through the 
past history of our ancestors and mark the dealings of a kind 
Providence towards them," I found the wisdom of this remark 
constantly brought before m}'- mind in the compilation of the fol- 
lowing pages. I have found, though not always among the great 
of the earth, so many in all the generations have been among the 
good, not only proving their faith by their works, but often sealing 
it by suffering therefor. If ray own children or any of my young 
relatives should catch an inspiration from the simple record of their 
adherence to duty, often amid trying circumstances, the labor that 
I have put upon these pages will not have been spent in vain. 

" Knowing this — that never yet 

Share of truth was vainly set 

In the world's wide fallow ; 

After hands shall sow the seed. 

After hands from hill and mead 

Keap the harvest yellow." 


William Jolliffe. 
Branham, Virginia, 
June 23, 1893. 


That portion of the west of England embracing that remarkable 
tier of counties, namely, Lancastershire, Cheshire, Staifordshire, 
and Worcestershire, though small in extent, is one of the most 
densely populated in the world, and green fields appear almost ob- 
literated by the masses of brickwork raised by human hands. Lan- 
castershire and Cheshire include within their borders the basins of 
the Mersey and the Eibble, and here are carried on the most exten- 
sive mining and manufacturing works in the world. Worcestershire 
occupies the central portion of the fertile valley of the Severn. 
The Teme, which comes down from the Welsh hills, flows through a 
narrow valley, while the Avon irrigates the fertile vale of Eversham. 
Staffordshire lies wholly within the great central plain of England. 
The river Trent rises near the northern boundary of the county, 
and passes through its centre, receiving on its way several tributa- 
ries, the principal of which are the Dove on the east and the Tame 
on the west. This Trent valley is noted for its fertility, but Staf- 
fordshire is essentially a manufacturing and mining county. The 
northern portion of the county is known as the potteries, for the 
manufacture of earthenware has been carried on there from times 
out of mind. The southern portion of the county is the great coal- 
mining district known as the " Black Country." Lying between 
these two disti'icts is to be found in the valley of the Dove one 
of the most beautiful and picturesque spots in all England. The 
Churnet is tributary to the Dove and hardly yields to it in romantic 
beauty. Near the source of the Churnet is to be found the consid- 
erable town of Leek, where silk is extensively manufactured. " This 
town of Leek and the surrounding country once belonged to Algar 
of Mercia, and at the Conquest was given to Hugh Lupus, first earl 
of Chester. Ealph, the sixth earl, gave it to Dieulacresse Abbey, 
which he founded in the thirteenth century. The old church is 
dedicated to St. Edward the Confessor. This church was burned 
down in 1279 and was rebuilt. It is noted for its beautiful rose 
window." " One mile north of the town is Dieulacresse Abbey, 
founded in 1214 for the Cistercians by Ralph de Blondeville, sixth 
earl of Chestei-, He was a renowned crusader and liberal to all 
monastic orders. It was granted by Edward the Sixth to Sir Ralph 
Bagenal, and by him was pulled down and the present farm-house 



erected." Careswell, sometimes called Caverswell, is three miles 
west of the town of Cheadle, and one and one-half miles north of 
Leek. It has a small population. " The church has a monument 
by Chantry to Lady St. Vincent, and another to Sir William Cavers- 
well, the builder of the castle (Temp. Edward I., 1275), which is 
styled by Leland 'the prati pile of Careswell.' It seems to have 
fallen into ruin, and in 1643 Matthew Craddock built the present 
castle. It was for some time occupied by a community of nuns, 
and there is a Roman Catholic church in the grounds." 

This region is rendered doubly interesting to us because it was 
here that the family of Jolli, or JollifFe, settled and lived for many 
years after the N'orman Conquest. They were located at Leek, 
Coften Hacketts, Bothoms, Careswell, and Dieulacresse (Stafford- 
shire) ; Bromsgrove (Cheshire) ; Buglawton, Upton-Snodesbury, 
Cofton Hall, and Worcester (Worcestershire) ; Hayton Castle 
(Lancastershire) ; Typed-Magdalen, Stower-Preaux, Stower-Es- 
tower (Dorsetshire) ; Stratford-on-the-Avon, and in London. 
" Towards the latter end of the reign of Edward the Second, Sir 
William de Careswell built a large and uncommonly strong stone 
castle at this place, and surrounded it b}' extensive ponds and a deep 
moat, with a drawbridge. The heads of the ponds had square 
turrets. It was for a long time the chief seat of the long and an- 
cient family of the Yanes, now extinct." (Worcester Antiquities.) 
" Careswell was Twentieth Conqueror, held of Robert de Stafford, 
by Ernulph de Hesding. In the reign of Richard the First, one 
Thomas de Careswell, Knt., whose grandson, William de Careswell, 
erected a goodly castle in this place, the pools, dams, and houses of 
office being all of masonry. His posterity enjoyed it until the 19th 
of Edward the Third, when by heir general it passed from the 
Careswells to the Montgomerys, and from them, by the Griflbrds 
and the Ports, to the family of Hastings, Earls of Huntingdon, 
who were the owners in the 17th century. In 1655 Matthew Crad- 
dock owned it.* From the Craddocks it passed to the Vanes. Thus 
William Viscount Vane of Ireland, who possessed it in right of 
his mother, the daughter and co-heir of Sir William Jolliffe, Knt., 
who married Mary, daughter of Ferdinando, the Sixth Earl of 
Huntingdon." (T. R. Nash's History of Worcestershire.) 

" Dieulacresse Monastery was in possession of Jolli of Leek 

' In 1655 this property belonged to Thomas Jolliffe, who was an officer of 
Charles I., and attended him to his execution. His property was forced to a 
sale, and Matthew Craddock bought it. 


prior to 1637, when it appears to have been held by Sir Benjamin 
Eudyard." (Dugdale.) "At Leek are eight almshouses, endowed 
in 1696 by Elizabeth, widow, and eldest daughter of William Jol- 
liffo, of this place, for eight poor widows, who are alloM^ed two shil- 
lings per week, and seven shillings 5 pense and 3 farthings twice a 
year for coals, and a new gown once in two years." (Shaw's Staf- 
fordshire.) " In Bentley-Meere Church tables of benefaction for 
the poor hang up in the church. Mr. Marmaduke Jolly bequeathed 
ten pounds, the interest to be annually applied to the teaching of 
poor children at Bentley school. This is paid by the church war- 
dens." " The name of JollifiPe, old English Jollif, French Joli, is 
translated as jolly, gay, trim, fine, gallant, neat, handsome, etc." 
" Up ryst this jolyf lover Absalom." (Chaucer, 3688.) " In all 
works of family history the name seems to have originally been 
spelled Jolli or Jolly, and is of French or Norman origin." " The 
family of Jolliffe (originally Jolli) is of considerable antiquity in the 
counties of Stafford and Worcester, and the pedigree in possession 
of the senior members comprises intermarriages with many eminent 
and noble houses. One branch, established in the north, enjoyed, it 
appears from authentic records, power and affluence even before the 
institution in Europe of hereditary honors." (Burke's Landed Gen- 
try of Great Britain.) Another account says, " Descended from an 
ancient and honorable family which dates its origin from the in- 
cursion of the Norman Conqueror, and collaterally allied to some of 
the chief nobles of the kingdom." As a family they seem to have 
been home lovers, clinging closely to the place of their nativity, 
adhering to old customs and the existing order of things with great 
tenacity, and not easily influenced to adopt either new forms of 
religion or government. They were not, nor ever have been, what 
might be called a restless people. They were a tall, dark-haired 
and blue-eyed race, not an uncommon type of people found in the 
west of England of Norman extraction, as shown by vai-ious printed 
records still extant. During the troublous times of Charles the 
First and the Cromwell revolution they were stanch royalists, 
and adherents of the Established Church, one of them attending 
Charles to the place of execution. For their loyalty and religious 
convictions they were made to suffer, as Cromwell and his followei's 
knew only too well how to create suffering by depriving them of all 
rank, position, and estates. Macaulay says, '• Charles relied, indeed, 
chiefly for pecuniary aid on the munificence of his adherents. 
Many of these mortgaged their lands, pawned their jewels, broke 
up their silver chargers and christening bowls in order to assist 


him. "When the struggle was over, the work of innovation and 
revenge was pushed on with ardor; the clashing polity of the king- 
dom was remodelled ; most of the old clergy were ejected from their 
benefices ; fines, often of ruinous amounts, were laid on the royal- 
ists, already impoverished by large aids furnished to the king. 
Many estates were confiscated, many proscribed cavaliers found it 
expedient to purchase, at an enormous cost, the protection of emi- 
nent members of the victorious party. Large domains, belonging 
to the Crown, to the Bishops, and to the Chapters, were seized, and 
either granted away or put up to auction. In consequence of these 
spoliations a great part of the soil of England was at once offered for 
sale; as money was scarce, as the market was glutted, and the title 
was insecure, and as the awe inspired by power always prevented 
free competition, the prices were often merely nominal. Thus many 
old and honorable families disappeared and were heard of no more, 
and many a new man rose rapidly to affluence." At the Eestora- 
tion their property was restored to them, and they were reinstated 
to the YoySi\ favor. They furnished from their number magistrates 
and sheriffs of the counties of Stafford and "Worcester during the 
reigns of Charles the First and Charles the Second, "William and 
Annie, and Greorge the Second. They have been aldermen and 
lord mayors of the city of London, members of Parliament, and 
governors of provinces. Many of them were men of note as au- 
thors, physicians, soldiers, and, above all, as philanthropists. The 
arms borne by the English family are "Argent on a pile Azui-e, 
three Dexter Gauntlets of the Field. The crest, a Cubit arm erect 
vested and cuffed, the sleeve charged with a pile Argent, the hand 
grasping a sword ppd." The motto, " Tant que je puis." 



1. John Jollie, living about the middle of the sixteenth century, 
married " Margaret, daughter of Eanchey." Their first son died 
without issue ; their second son was Thomas JoUie, 2, of Leek, in 
the county of Stafford, and of Buglawton, in Cheshire, who married 
(first) Margaret, daughter of Laurence Swettenham, of Someford, 
county of Chester. They had a son, William Jollie, born in 1574, of 
Bothoms, in Staffordshire ; and a son, Thomas Jollie, of Leek, in the 
county of Stafford, who was lord mayor of London in 1615, whose 
son was Sir John Jolliffe, of London. 

"Laurence Swettenham, age 18, the 29th of Henry the Eighth 
(1538), died 2l8t of Elizabeth (1579), when not forty years of age. 
(A mistake of 18 years.) Will was probated Jan. 1597-8. His wife 
was Elisabeth, daughter and heiress of John Oldfield, of Sutton, 
near Macclesfield. His children were Edmund, Anthony, Annie, 
Elizabeth, Jane, Margaret, Mary, Katherine, Alice, Frances, Eleanor, 
Margery, and Ui'sula. He was a man of prominence." *' Sir William 
Jolliffe (son of William of Bothoms) married Mary, daughter of 
Ferdinando, the sixth earl of Huntington. They left one daughter 
and heir, Mary, who married Yiscount Vane of Ireland, through 
whom the JoUiffes acquired Careswell Castle." " In Careswell 
Church is a monument, erected to the memory of William de Cares- 
well, the builder of the castle. It bears the following inscription : 
' Wilhelmus de Careswellus.' This is at the head ; surrounding it is 
this distich in Latin, which, when Anglicized, reads: 

' I built this castle with its rampiers round 
For the use of the living;, who are under ground.' 

" The following lines have since been added, — namely : 

' William of Careswell, here lye I, 
That built this castle and the pools here by ; 
William of Careswell, here thou mayest lye; 
But thy Castle is down and thy pools are dry.' " 

(Worcester Antiquities.) 

3. William Jollie of Bothoms, parish of Chedleton, in Stafford- 
shire, wedded Annie, daughter of Benedict Webb of Kingwood, in 
Gloucestershire. They had a son, Thomas Jollie, or Jolliffe, of 
Crofton Hall, in the county of Worcester; a son, William Jolliffe, 

2 17 


of Careswell Castle, Staffordshire (this was Sir William, who mar- 
ried Mar}', daughter of the Earl of Huntingdon) ; a daughter, 
Elizabeth, who married Eoland Hill, Esquire, of Hawkstone, Shrop- 
shire (he was father of the celebrated Eoland Hill, who suffered 
during the Civil Wars, who was the father of Sir Richai'd Hill, a 
noted diplomat of Queen Anne's time (T. E. Nash) ; and probably 
other children. He died June 11, 1669, aged eighty-five years. 

" Ashcomb is built upon the site of an old manor house, formerly 
called Bottom Hall, belonging to the Jolliffes, who had half the 
Manor, and a very extensive estate in this parish (which is that of 
Chedleton, belonging to Alstonfield) and the adjoining parishes." 
"Mary Hastings, wife of William Jolliffe of Careswell Castle, 
County of Stafford, died December 4th, 1678, and is buried in St. 
Martin's-in-the-Fields." (Collectanea Topographica, etc.) "This 
AVilliam (of Bothams) had a son, Sir William. He died in 1669. 
In Richard Baxter's will he was appointed to invest two hundred 
pounds in real estate." (Athense Cantabrigienses.) •' Phillip Papillon 
of Acrise (M.P. for Dover), Kent County, borne in 1660, married 1689 
Annie, daughter of William Jolliffe, Esquire, of Bothoms, by whom 
he had an only son David." " Sir Samuel Moyer, Bart., of Low- 
Leyton, in Essex, England, was High Sheriff of Essex in 1698; he 
had also been one of the counsel of State. His widow. Lady Eebecca 
Jolliffe Moyer, was a daughter of Sir William Jolliffe, Bart., and she 
founded the well-known ' Lady Moyer's Lectures.' " (Diary of 
Samuel Pepys, in 1667.) 

4. Thomas Jollie, or Jolliffe, Esquire, of Cofton Hall, in the county 
of Worcester, wedded (first) Margaret, daughter and co-heir of 
Eichard Skinner of Cofton (by Margaret, daughter of Sir Edward 
Littleton, Knt., of Pillaton, and Margaret, his wife, daughter and 
co-heir of Sir William Devereux, son of Walter, Viscount Hereford'), 
by whom he left issue five sons and two daughters (she died January 
6, 1647, aged twenty-seven j^ears and two months) : 

1 This Walter, Viscount Hereford, was the celebrated Walter Devereux, first 
Earl of Essex of his name. He succeeded his grandfather in the title of Viscount 
Hereford, and recommended himself to Queen Elizabeth by his bravery in sup- 
pressing the rebellion of the Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland in 
1569. For this service he was given the Garter and the Earldom of Essex. 
He was opposed to the great O'Neill in Ireland, and was obliged to sue for peace 
and required to give up his command just as he had almost expelled the invading 
Scots from the western islands of his territory. Promises made by the Queen to 
him were but poorly kept ; he was overcome with grief, which brought on a fatal 
disease. His countess soon after married the Earl of Leicester. He was the 


(1) William Jolliffe, ob. coelebs, set. thirteen. 

(2) Thomas Jolliffe, ob. coelebs, set. seventeeu. 

(3) John Jolliffe, ob sine prole (the American heir). 

(4) Benjamin Jolliffe (his heir). 

(5) Annie Jolliffe (married to Alexander Felton, of Ganesworth, 

in Cheshire). 

(6) Margaret Jolliffe (married Filson Bruin, of Stapleford, 

Cheshire) ; 
and a son whose name is not recorded. 

Thomas married (second) Marj^, daughter of Sir Gabriel Lowe, 
Knt., of Newark, county of Gloucester, and by that lady (who died 
in 1663) left a son, William Jolliffe, obiit coelebs aput, London, 
March 6, 1680, set. twenty-three. Thomas Jolliffe was a justice of 
the peace, and died October 23, 1693, aged seventy-six years. 

I now leave the main line in order to properly explain an inter- 
marriage ; it therefore becomes necessary for me to go back to the 
second generation and give the following brief narrative : 

2. Thomas Jollie, of Leek (the second son of the first Thomas, of 
Leek), was born about the year 1585 or 1586. He was lord mayor 
of London, 1615. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Edward 
Mainwaring, Esq., of Whitmore. His son John, of London, whose 
wife was Eebecca, daughter of Walter Boothby, Esq., was one of 
the aldermen of the city; he had a son, Sir William Jolliffe (his 
wife, Mary Hastings, died December 4, 1678, and was buried in St. 
Martin's-in-the-Fields), whose daughter was Lady Eebecca Jolliffe, 
who married Sir Samuel Moyer, Bart., of Lower-Leyton, Essex. 
John Jollie, of London (Sir John Jolles, London, July 23, 1606), had 
a daughter Elizabeth, who married John Tufnaile, of London, and 
Monkin Hadley, Middlesex County. William Tufnaile assumed the 
surname of Jolliffe, pursuant to a will of Sir William Jolliffe, and 
died April 21, 1797. The Tufnailes owned the estate of New Monc- 

father of Robert II., Earl of Essex, the favorite of Queen Elizabeth, and grand- 
father of the Earl of Essex who led the Parliament forces against Charles I. 
He was the great-great-grandfather of the mother of the immigrant John Jolliffe. 
"Sir Charles Littleton of Sheene, Worcester, brother of Sir Henry Littleton, 
of Worcestershire, who had a great estate, had no children. Descendant of the 
great lawyer of that name ; same arms and motto. Married Mrs. Temple, one 
of the late Queen's maids." 


ton, in Yorkshire, inherited in 1796 from William Tufnaile Jolliffe. 
Their arms : "Argent on a Pile Yert, three dexter hands coupd at 
the wrist, and erected of the First, is borne by the name of Jollye, 
and was confirmed unto William Jollye of Leek, in the county of 
Stafford, son of John Jollye of Leek aforesaid, who was son of 

John Jollye of the same place by , the 27th of August, 1614, 

in the 12th year of the reign of King James the First." "He 
beareih Argent on a Pile Azure, three dexter Gauntlets of the Field, 
b}' the name Jolliffe ; and is the coat armour of John Jolliffe of 
the City of London, Esquire, Governor of the Muscovy Company, 
descended from the family of the Jolliffes of Botham, in Stafford- 
shire. ' This coat is also borne by William Jolliffe of Careswell 
Castle, in Staffordshire.' " " Coston, or Coston Hackett, in the 
county of Worcester, was so called from Hoar Stone, or Whor- 
stone." " In 1680, at St. Michaels, Barbadoes, Thomas Jollej^ 
owned two hundred acres of land, three hired servants, ten bought 
servants, and seventy negros." (It is probable this was Thomas 
JoUey of Cofton Hall, who was a known adherent of Charles the 
First, and probably after his execution was compelled to leave home 
with his son John, following Prince Rupert to the West Indies. At 
the Eestoration he was reinstated in his estates in England. He 
was high sheriff of Worcester County during the reign of Charles 
the First, and was reinstated in that office after Charles the Second's 
accession to the throne.^ His father, William Jolliffe, was high 
sheriff of Stafford County during the reign of Charles the First.) 
" Cofton Hackett came to the Jolliffe family through Edward Skinner, 
a rich clothier of Ledbury, who died in 1632, aged 90 years. He 
left six sons and six daughters. His oldest eon, Richard, settled at 
Cofton ; a younger at Ledbury (now belonging to Michael Bid- 
dulph) ; a third at Underdown ; a fourth at Hillhotise, near Ledbury. 
Richard Skinner's daughter Margaret married a Jolliffe, and by her 
the estate passed to them." At Cofton, St. Michael's Church, are 
found the following, — namely, " Margaret, daughter of Sir Edward 
Littleton, Knt., of Pillaton Hall, Stafford, wife of Richard Skinner, 
who died August 25th, 1651, aged 63." On the north wall the fol- 
lowing : " Margaret Skinner, wife of Thomas Jolliffe of Cofton, by 
whom she had issue five sons and two daughters. She died January 
6th, 1647, aged 27 years and two months." On a marble monument 
fixed to the east wall of the chancel, the arms of Jolliffe with the 

' " High sherifts were attended by from fifty to one hundred retainers, in rich 
livery on horseback." (Evelin.) 


following inscription : '• Thomas Jolliffe de Leek arrainger, ab antiqua 
profapia in agro Staffordiensi oriundus," etc. " Obiit October 23d, 
1693, set. 76." In the dining parlor is a picture of this Mr. Thomas 
Jolliffe (by Vandyck), with a key in his hand, which, the tradition 
of the family says, was given him by King Charles the First when 
in prison, that he might have access to him when he pleased. It is 
probable this was painted after the king's affairs were quite des- 
perate, as Mr. Jolliffe is represented with a melancholy, desponding 
countenance, his pistols and sword hanging on a pillar before him, 
as if he were saying, "Hie arma^stunque repono." He continued 
faithful to his sovereign to the last, and attended his execution. 
(T. E. Nash, Collections, Worcestershire.) 

Down to this point the English and American ancestry are the 
same. In following up the histoiy of this family in the direct line 
from the earliest consecutive records in England in the fourteenth 
century down to the present generation the recurrence of the same 
names transmitted from father to son has been most conspicuous, 
those of William, John, and Thomas occurring in every generation, 
thirteen in all, without break, except in one instance, where Joseph 
was substituted, and even then his two brothers were named John 
and Thomas. 

5. Benjamin Jolliffe (the English heir) of Cofton Hall, in the 
county of Worcester, married Maty, youngest daughter of John 
Jolliffe, of London, a merchant (his second cousin, and a sister of Sir 
William Jolliffe). They had children, Thomas of Cofton Hall, who 
died, unmarried, in 1758; William, who died, unmarried, at Aleppo; 
John of Petersfield Haunts ; Eebecca, who married Humphrey 
Lowe, of Bumsgrove, in Worcestershire; Annie, who married 
Eobert Biddulph, of Ledbury. Mr. Jolliffe died October 28, 1719, 
aged seventy-four years. His wife died November 18, 1699, aged 
thirty-one years. Their bodies both lie in St. Michael's Church, 
Cofton. Thomas Jolliffe, son of Benjamin, died in 1758, and left 
Cofton Hall to his niece, Mrs. Lowe, for life, entailed on his nephew, 
Eobert Biddulph, of Ledbury, Worcestershire. This will was con- 
tested on a plea of insanity, but it did not hold. His body lies 
in St. Michael's, Cofton. John Jolliffe, son of Benjamin, and of 
Petersfield Haunts, married (first) Katherine, daughter of Eobert 
Mitchell, of Petersfield, and left no children ; married (second) 
Mary, daughter and heiress of Samuel Holden, of London, and had 
issue, William Jolliffe, M.P. ; Thomas Samuel Jolliffe, M.P. ; Jane 
Jolliffe, who did not marry. 

John Jolliffe died in 1771. 


Benjamin Jolliife was high sheriflf of Worcester County during 
the reign of William and Mary, and his cousin, William Jolliffe, was 
the sheriff of Stafford County at the same time. " In St. Michael's 
Church at Cofton is to be found a monument to Benjamin Jolliffe, 
who died October 28th, 1719, aged 74 ; also one to his wife, who 
died November 18th, 1699, aged 31 ; and a very handsome one to 
his son Thomas Jolliffe, erected b}^ his niece, Mrs. Lowe, to whom 
he left Cofton Hall for life." " The Manor of Bromsgrove belonged 
to the Earl of Ormond and Wiltshire, assigned to Margaret, wife 
of Thomas Boleyn, afterward Earl of Ormond and Wiltshire, and 
father of Annie Boleyn. Afterward came to Richard Fermor, and, 
by his attainder, to the Crown, on the 4th of December, Henry the 
Eighth; the King granted it to John Dudley, Viscount Lisle; he 
was attainted and executed, and it again went to the Crown ; then 
it passed to the JoUiffes of Cofton Hackett." " Bunhill Manor, 
in the parish of Bromsgrove, belonged to the Jolliffes of Cofton 
Hackett." (T. R. Nash, Worcester Antiquities.) 

6. John Jolliffe, third son of Benjamin, represented the borough 
of Petersfield in Parliament, anno 1763. His son, William Jolliffe, 
M.P., married Eleanor, daughter and heiress of Sir Richard Hylton 
of Hayton Castle, in Cumberland. Their children were Hylton 
Jolliffe, Rev. William Jolliffe (who married Julia Pytcher), and 
three daughters. Thomas Samuel Jolliffe, M.P., second son of 
John, of Petersfield, succeeded his father as member of Parliament 
for Petersfield ; married, 1778, Mary-Annie, daughter and heiress 

of Twyford, Esq., of Kilmersdon, county of Somerset. He 

died June 6, 1824. His seat was known as Ammerdown Park. 
His children were John Twyford (the heir), Ammerdown Park ; 
Thomas Robert (in holy orders) ; and Charles (an officer, who fell 
at Waterloo). " The following portraiture of a gentleman (by 
Savage) was intended for John Jolliffe, of Petersfield, who died 

'A graceful mien, engaging in address; 

Looks which at once each winning charm express ; 

A life where love, by wisdom polished, shines ; 

Where wisdom's self again by love refines ; 

Where we to chance for friendship never trust 

Nor ever dread from sudden whim disgust ; 

To social manners, and the heart humane ; 

A nature ever great, and never vain ; 

A wit that no licentious coarseness knows ; 

The sense that unassuming candour shows ; 

Reason, by narrow principles unchecked, 

Slave to no party, Bigot to no sect ; 


Knowledge of various life, of learning, too : 

Thence taste, thence truth, which will from taste ensue ; 

Unwilling censure, though a judgment clear; 

A smile indulgent, and that smile sincere ; 

An humble though an elevated mind ; 

A pride, its pleasure but to serve mankind ; 

If these esteem and admiration raise. 

Give true delight and gain unflattering praise ; 

In our bright view the accomplished man we see. 

These graces all are thine, and thou wert he.' " 

" At Merstham Surry were living the descendants of the family 
of Jolliffes of very ancient standing in the counties of Worcester 
and Shropshire. Merstham Place was erected by William Jolliife, 
who purchased the Manor in 1788. He died in 1802." 

" The Church of St. Catherine's is situated on a knoll at the east 
end of the village. It was erected in the later English style of 
architecture, and contained some very handsome monuments of the 
Jolliffe family, and a curious font of highly polished Sussex marble, 
sufficiently deep for dipping an infant." (Topographical Description 
of England.) 

" At Pleshy, Essex County, in an old church, against the south 
wall of the chancel, is a handsome monument to Sir William 
Jolliffe, Knt., who died 1749. The castle is of Koman origin, and 
passed to the Jolliffe family after Elizabeth's reign." (History of 
the Antiquities of Worcester.) 

" September 20th, 1779, the wagons began loading the coals from 
the new won colliery on Waldridge Fell near Chester Lee Street 
(being the first from that colliery belonging to William Jolliffe, Es- 
quire) to Fathfield Straith. Some thousand people attended, pre- 
ceded by a band of music, colors flying, etc. In the afternoon they 
all returned to the houses near the colliery, where they partook of a 
sheep roasted whole, six sheep in quarters, and half an ox, which 
was washed down with eighteen barrels of good ale. The bells of 
Chester were rung at intervals during the day." (Border Sketches.) 

For records of the Jolliffe family in England see 

Berry's Essex Genealogy, page 122. 

Burke's Commoners of Great Britain, vol. i. page 517. 

Burke's Landed Gentry of Great Britain, vols, ii., iii., iv., and v. 

Hutchins's Dorset, vol. iii. page 633. 

Burke's Royal Families of Great Britain, vol. i. page 70. 

Harlaen Society, 1-105. 

Nash's Worcestershire, vol. i. page 251. 

Shaw's Staffordshire. 



1. John Jollie, of Leek, county of Stafford, was living about the 
middle of the fifteenth century (was probably bom about 1510), 
" married Margaret, daughter of Eanchy." Their first son died 
without issue. Their second son was Thomas. (John Jolli prob- 
ably had brothers Eichard, of Canning Court, in the parish of 
Pulha, county of Dorset (who had sons John and Edmund), and 
Henry, who was a B.A., 1523, and dean of Bristol, 1554, etc.). 

2. Thomas Jolli, of Leek, county of Stafford, and Buglawton, in 
Cheshire. Married (first) Margaret, daughter of Lawrence Swet- 
tenham, of Someford, county of Chester. Had a son, William Jolli, 
of Bothoms, in Staffordshire, born 1584, and a son, Thomas Jolli, 
of Leek, county of Staffordshire, lord mayor of London, 1615, 
whose son was Sir John Jolles, of London, alderman, born July 23, 
1606, and he had a son. Sir William Jolliffe, wbo was knighted for 
building the London bridge. 

3. William Jollie, of Bothoms, parish of Chedleton, in Stafford- 
shire, born 1584, died June 11, 1669, aged eighty-five. Married 
Annie, daughter of Benedict Webb, of Kingwood, in county of 
Gloucester. They had a son, Thomas Jolli, or Jolliffe, of Cofton 
Hall, county of Worcester, and a son, Sir William Jolli, or Jolliffe, 
of Careswell Castle, county of Stafford, and a daughter Elizabeth, 
married Eoland Hill. 

4. Thomas Jollie, or Jolliffe, Esq., of Cofton Hall, county of 
Worcester, died October 23, 1693, aged seventy-six. One of His 
Majesty's justices, 1660, wedded (first) Margaret, daughter and co- 
heir of Eichard Skinner of Cofton Hall, county of Worcester (by 
Margaret, daughter of Sir Edward Littleton, Knight, of Pillaton, and 
Margaret, his wife, daughter and co-heir of Sir William Devereux, 
son of Walter, Yiscount Hereford), by whom he had William, died 
aged thirteen ; Thomas, died aged seventeen ; John (the American 
heir); Benjamin (the English heir); Annie, married Alexander 
Eelton ; Margaret, married Filson Bruin. His wife Margaret died 
January 6, 1647, aged twenty-seven. He wedded (second) Mary, 
daughter of Sir Gabriel Lowe, of Newark, county of Gloucester, 
Knight. Had one son, William, who died unmarried in London, 
1680, aged twenty-three. His wife Mary died 1663. He attended 
Charles I. to the place of execution. 



5. Benjamin Jolliffe (the English heir) died 1719, aged seventy- 
four. Married Mary, youngest daughter of John Jolliffe, of London, 
merchant, sister of Sir William Jolliffe (and his second cousin). 
They had Thomas, died unmarried; William, died unmarried in 
Aleppo ; John (his heir), of Petersfield Haunts ; Eebecca Lowe, 
and Annie Biddulph. 

6. John Jolliffe (the American) died 1716, about seventy-five 
years old. Married Mary Rigglesworth, daughter and heiress of 
Peter Eigglesworth, of Norfolk County, Colony of Yirginia. They 
had issue Joseph, Thomas, John, Peter, Sarah (Lowe), Elizabeth 
(Hasgood), and Mary (Bacon). 



Pedigree of Jollifife. 

First. — Eicardus Joleiff de Canning Court in p'ochia de Pulha in 

" 1505 or 10" Com. Dorset. relict Eogers de 

Com. Som. 
Second. — Johannes Joleiff de Canning Court in Com. Dorset fil. 

" 1535 or 40" et heres Elizab. filia et coh Eobti 

f Will proved \ Newman de Fifeild Magdalen in Com. 

1 Jan. 30, 1583 J Dorset. 

John Jollife of Typhed Magdalen in the County of Dor- 
set. 29 October 1583, proved 30 January 1583. To the 
poor people of Stower Preaux, Stower Estower and Ty- 
phed Magdalen. To eldest daughter Eebecca Joliffe and 
daughter Susan Joliffe at ages of fourteen years. Son 
John Joliffe. Mother in law Helen Newman, widow, late 
wife of Eobert Newman deceased. Eeference to a lease 
granted to father Eichard Joliffe, 20 December 22 Elizabeth. 
(1580) Father still living. To brother Bdmond Joliffe. 
To kinswoman Christian Galler. To sister Mary Joliffe. 
To brother John Joliffe. Wife Elizabeth Joliffe to be sole 
executrix. Uncle Henry Newman, brother in law Eich- 
ard Estemond, brother Edraond Jolife, Nicholas Joyce 
and Nicholas Clarke, Yicar of Fifeped, to be overseers. 
(Butts, 23.) 
Third. — Eebecca vxor Will. Starre de Bradford in Com. Dorset 
Johannes Jolliffe de Estower in Com. Dors. fil. et. haeres. 

Patris et Matris Sup'stes 1623. 
Katherin da. of Johes Henninge de Paxwell in Com. 
Dorset Susanna vx. Will : Holman de Estower in Com. 
Dorset. Letters issued forth 9 December 1639, to Cath- 



erine Joliffe relict of John Joliffe lately of East Stower 
in the County of Dorset deceased, to administer on his 
goods, &c. 

Admon. Act Book (1639) fo. 89. 
Fourth. — Eicardus Joleiff fil et hser aetat. 12 annoru 1623. Johan- 
nes set. 8. Eob'tus set. 4. Georgius set, 3. Catherine set. 
14. Dorothea set. 13. 

Signed Jo. Joyliffe. 
Harl. MS. 1166, fo. 32b. 

" Memorandum that George Joyliffe, Doctor in Physicke, 
ye Sixteenth day of November 1658 made his last will." 
Proved 24 November, 1658. My body to be buried with 
as little funeral pomp as may be. To my cousin Francis 
(my servant) the sum of Fifty pounds to be paid when all 
my debts are satisfied. To my maid servant Elizabeth 
five pounds and to Susan four pounds. To my cousin 
Francis (as above) all my Latin Books. To my daughter 
Katherine five hundred pounds, with the interest thereof, 
to be paid at the age of sixteen or the day of marriage, 
and the same to be put out for her use by my brother 
William Bigg and my cousin Eichard Newman. All the 
residue of my estate to my loving wife Ann Joyliffe and 
she to be executrix. Brother William to be overseer. 
None of these legacies to be paid or disposed of until Mrs. 
Mymin's account be satisfied and paid. Wit. Thomas 
Ffrewan and Sara Mills. (Wootton, 631.) 

Anne Joyliffe, relict and executrix of George Joyliffe, 
late Doctor of Phisic, 25 May 1660, proved November 
1660. My body to be buried in Trinity church near Gar- 
. lick Hill, London, near the body of my late husband. To 

my daughter Katherine Joyliffe, one thousand pounds, to 
be paid her at the age of sixteen years. A reference to a 
legacy of five hundred pounds left to her by the husband 
of the testatrix and to be paid her at the same age. 
The amount of this legacy to be recovered out of a debt 
due the said George by one Francis Drake of Walton, in 
the county of Surry. If that debt should not be recovered 
then five hundred pounds more to make the thousand 
pounds fifteen hundred. To my mother Mary Bigg one 


hundred and fifty pounds. To my brother John Bigg one 
hundred pounds. To Francis Cave, nephew to my said 
husband, forty pounds, to Alice Cave, his sister, ten pounds. 
To my said daughter Katherine my diamond ring set with 
one stone only, my diamond locket, my plate, linen and 
other household stuff. My brother William Bigg to be 

"Wit. St. Frewen, Thomas Frewen, Miles Beales. 

A codicil refers to fifteen hundred pounds secured in the 
names of Sir Charles Harford, my cousin Newman and 
my cousin Frewen, in trust for my use, and refers also to 
a deed from my brother Joyliffe. (Nabbs, 285.) 

Thankful Frewen, of St. Andrew, Holborn, in the County 
of Middlesex, esq., in his will of 25 September, 1656,. 
proved 18 March, 1656, mentions, among others, hiS' 
brother Accepted Frewen, cousin George Joyliffe, Doctor 
in Physick, niece Ann Joyliffe, wife of the said Dr. Joy- 
liffe and Sister Mary Bigg. (Euthen, 110.) 

John Frewen the elder, of Northiham, in the county of 
Sussex, clerk, aged, &c., in his will, dated 1 June 1627, 
mentions son Accepted Frewen (President of Magdalen 
College, Oxford), son Thankful! Frewen and daughter Mary, 
wife of John Bigg, lands, &c., in Sussex and in Newenden 
and Sandherst, Kent. (Barrington, 38.) 

From the " Eoll of the Eoyal College of Physicians of London, 
compiled from the Annals of the College and from other Authentic 
Sources, by William Munk, M.D., Fellow of the College, etc., etc.," 
previously referred to, we learn that " George Joyliffe, M.D., was born 
at East Stower in Dorsetshire. In the earlj- part of 1637 he was 
entered a commoner of Wadham College, Oxford, where he remained 
about two years, and then removed to Pembroke College, as a mem- 
ber of which he took the two degrees in arts, A.B. 4th June, 1640; 
A.M. 20th April, 1643. He then entered on the study of physic, 
pursued anatomy with the utmost diligence, 'and with help (as 
Wood says) of Dr. Clayton, Master of his College, and the King's 
professor of physic, made some discovery of that fourth set of ves- 
sels plainly differing from veins, arteries and nerves, now called the 
Ij-mphatics.' He finally removed to Clare Hall, Cambridge, and, 
having there proceeded doctor of medicine, settled in London ; was 
admitted a candidate of the College of Physicians, 4th April, 1653; 
and a Fellow, 25th June, 1658. Dr. Joyliffe lived in Garlick Hill ; 


and, as I learn from Harney, died 11th November, 1658, being then 
barely forty years of age," He was a brother of John Joyliffe, Esq., 
of Boston ; we are told by Savage was of " Boston 1656, m/28 Jan. 
1657, Ann wid. and ex'trix of Eobert Knight, who had also been wid. 
and ex'trix of Thomas Cromwell, the wealthy privateersman, had 
only ch. Hannah, b. 9 May, 1690. Died November 23, 1701 ; he had 
been blind, and laboured under many infirmities for a long time." 




" Indenture relating to the founding of a Free Grammar School 
by one Jolephi, Mr. of Arts, borne in Stratford." (Leland.) (The 
founder's name was really Thomas Jolyffe, as shown by the in- 
denture.) This school was directed to be maintained by the cor- 
poration in the charter granted to the town in 7 Edw. VI. (1553). 
" Et dicendo, ye shall paj^e specially for the sowles of Maister 
Thom's Jolyffe, Johne and Joh'nne his faader and modur, and ye 
sowles of all brothers and susters of the said Gilde and all Cristin 
sowles, sayinge of youre Charj'te a pater noster and a ave." (See 
Dugdale's Hist, of Stratford-upon-the-Avon.) 

Upon a tablet in the wall of this school is the following: 
" Founded by Thomas Jolyffe— 1182. Refounded by King Edward 
VI.— 1573." 

Extract from Douglass Campbell's book, " The Puritan in Hol- 
land, England, and America:" "During the reign of Edward VI. 
some grammar schools — we shall now call them Latin or High 
schools — eighteen for the whole kingdom, were established by Re- 
formers of his government. At various times a few more were 
added by private individuals. One of these rare schools founded 
at Stratford-on-Avon, by a native of that town who had gone up 
to London and become Lord Mayor, bore the name of William 
Shakespeare on its rolls. But for the good fortune of his towns- 
men he might have died mute and inglorious." 

" In the Miller's Tale we are told of ' Absolon' how that when at 
eventide he had taken up his ' Gitene,' Forth he goeth, Jolif and 
amorous, to the window of his lady love." 

In MS. Harl., 1537, the following : " (31aa) Radulphus de Freche- 
ville et Robertus frater ej.. Will Jolyff et Will Savage dant dim, 
more, pro uno brevi." (Ext. Fix. de Cancell. 25 Ed. II., M 22 Derb.) 

" Henry JoUiflF, B.D., also dean of Bristol, fourth stall Prebendary 
of Worcester, 1541." 

" Monsr. Will de Careswell was a tilter at the Knights' Tourna- 
ment at Dunstable 7 Edw. III. Had arms D'argent frette de goules 
ore un fece d'asure." 

" 1576 John Leigh married Joan, dau. and heir of Sir John OUeph 
of Wickham, Kent, all of London." 

"Henry JoUiff, B.A. 1523-4 and M.A. 1527, appears to have been 



fellow successively of Clare Hall and Michaelshouse. He served 
the office of Proctor of the University of Canterbury, 1537, and sub- 
sequently proceeded B.D. He became Eector of Bishops Hamp- 
ton, in the county of Worcester, 1538, and was appointed one 
of the Canons of the Cathedral Church of Worcester by the 
charter of refoundation Jan. 24, 1541-2. He refused to subscribe 
Bishop Hoopes' Articles at his visitations of the Diocese of Worces- 
ter, 1550. He was installed Dean of Bristol Sept. 9, 1554, and at- 
tended Archbishop Cranmer's second trial at Oxford, Sept. 1555. 
Adhering to the Eoman Catholic faith, he was on the succession of 
Queen Elizabeth deprived of all his preferments and went to Lou- 
vain. He died about Jan. 28, 1573-4 whilst abroad, when letters 
of administration of his effects were granted by prerogative Court 
of Canterbury to William Seres, a famous London publisher. Mr. 
Jolliff was author of ' Epistola Pio V., pontifici Maximo,' 1569, 
' Contra Eidlseum,' &c., &c., &c." (From Athense Cantabrigienses.) 

" Mary Hastings, wife of Wm. Jolliffe of Carves well Castle, Co. 
Stafford, died 12th mo., 4th, 1678, buried in St. Martins in the 
Fields." (Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica.) 

"Extracts from the Eegisters of Chute, Co. Wilts. Burials at 
Chute, May 19, 1645; Frauncis, wife of Henry Jolly (Vicar). The 
following are entries of Henry Jolly's (Yicar) children; John, bapt. 
May 15, 1636; Henry, bapt. Apr. 29, 1637; Mar}^ bapt. Aug. 7, 
1638; Annie, bapt. Sep. 7, 1639; Frauncis, a son, bapt. Feb. 9, 1642 
and Buried May 28, 1643; Francis, a daughter, bapt. May 12, 
Buried May 14, 1644. 

" By his second wife, Mary Vincent : Luce, bapt. May 5, 1651 ; 
William, bapt. Jan. 10, 1652 ; Anna Maria, bapt. Jan. 14, 1657. 

" Henry Jolly, Vicar 1634 to circa 1682." 

"In the northwestern recess of St. Dunstan's Church the follow- 
ing : Henrj^ Jones, Clockmaker, son of William Jones, Vicar of 
Bolden, Co. of Southampton, died Nov. 20, 1697, set. 63 ; his wife was 
(widow) Hannah, dau. of Otwell Jolly of Bently, Co. Stafford." 
(Church Notes and Burials of St. Dunstan's in West London.) 

" Claude Joly, a French writer, born in Paris 1607, Canon of Notre 
Dame in 1631, lived to the age of 93, died 1700. Left a fine library. 
Was the author of many civil and religious works." 

" Guy Jolly, King's Counsellor at the chatlet, attached to the 
Cardinal Eetz as sect}-. Published at Amsterdam some memoirs 
1648 to 1665." 

" A Mary Jolly came to Virginia in the Bark Thomas, Henry 
Lavender, Mr. She and her companions were examined at Graves- 


end touching their religions 21 Aug., 1635." (26a-712, vol. xv. 
page 145.) 

" One Jollye of Leek County of Staflford Aug. 27, 1614." 
"One Joles was Lord Mayor of London in 1615." 
" On the Parochial register of Westbourne, Co. of Sussex, where 
many entries of Baptisms of the JoUyffe family are found. Among 
the burials of persons of Second Eank are Mr. Eichard Jollyffe, 
Feb. 19, 1666." 

" A Saml. Joly allowed to reside in England Dec. 4, 1681." 
" Mary Jolly made a free citizen Dec. 16, 1687." 
" John Jollop was witness to a will of Henry Andrews, Sen., 
Yeoman Lavanter, Mar. 13, 1652." 

" A John Jolliffe wrotea Cumberland Guide and Directory in 1726." 
" May 19, 1743, Wm. Sergeant and Ann Jolly both of St. George." 
(The Eolls Chapel Eegister.) 

"John Jolliffe, of Boston, Mass., was one of the signers of a peti- 
tion acknowledging the King's authority. It was presented to the 
Court in Oct. 1660. He was elected a Selectman March 15, 1674-5. 
He was appointed a trustee to receive contributions for the ransom 
of certain captives Sept. 1677. Was made a fire commissioner for 
South Quarter. Helped buy Deer Island from the Indians after 
being held by the English 55 years. He took a prominent part in 
the affairs of 1689 when the Governor was imprisoned. He was 
chosen Eecorder March 17, 1691. His name was written in great 
variety. Mr. John Jolliffe, of Boston, was a gentleman of wealth 
and consideration from 1663 to the time of his death which occurred 
Nov. 23, 1701. He lived in what is now Devonshire street, between 
Milk and Water streets. It was one of the few streets that retained 
its name when the Selectmen changed them in 1708, being known 
as Jolliffe's Lane till 1798. John Jolliffe left a will dated Feb. 17, 
1699-1700, witnessed by Anthony Checkly, Samuel Lynde, Edward 
Creeke and Benjamin Stone. It runs as follows : ' To friends in 
England, viz. : Katherine Bowles, dau. of my brother Dr. Geo. Jol- 
liffe 20 shillings, Katherine Cooke and Alice Moxley daus. to my 
Sister Dorothy Cane 20 shillings each. To John Cooke of London 
Merchant son of my sister Martha 20 shillings. To Sister Spicer 
dau. of my sister Eebecca Wolcott 20 shillings. To John Drake 
son of my Sister Margaret Drake 20 shillings. To Margaret and 
Catherine Drake daus. of my Sister Margaret Drake 20 shillings 
each. To Esther dau. of my Sister Mary Boss sometime wife of 
James Boss of Shepton Mallets in County of Somerset 20 shillings. 
To Eev. Saml Willard of Boston £5. To Mr. Simon W. son of said 


Saml £5. To the poor of the town £10. To Martha Ballard dau. 
of my late wife and now wife of Mr. James Ballard of Boston, 
house and land in Boston now in the occupation of Capt. Nathl. 
Byfield, sold to me by mortgage of Eichard Price late of Boston 
Merchant decsd, for £300. All else to go to said dau. in law Martha 
Ballard who with husband to be exectrs.' This gentleman bore 
the same arms as John Jolliffe, of London, Governor of the Muscovy 
Company, and descended from the Jolliffes of Bothoms in Stafford 
County. The same arms were also borne by the family of Carvers- 
well Castle. (Guellam's Heraldry.) (Taken from Drake's Histor. 
Antiq. of Boston.) 

" At Upton Snodesbury, Worcester, in the fourth aisle of the Eec- 
tory. Thomas JoUey, June 28, 1704 aged 87 years 9 mos." 

" Thos. Jolly of Whittington, Derbyshire, was excommunicated 
for not attending church." 








Family Record of John Jollifife (the American heir of 
Thomas Jolliffe of Cofton Hall, England) and Mary 
Riggles worth, his wife. Married about the year 
1662 or 1663. 

Joseph Jolliffe, born about 1663 or 1665 j 

John JolliflFe, 

Thomas Jolliffe, 

Peter Jolliffe, 

Sarah (Jolliffe) Lowe; husband was Henry Lowe; 

Elizabeth (Jolliffe) Hasgood; husband was Thomas 

Hasgood ; 
Mar}" (Jolliffe) Bacon ; husband was John Bacon. 

John Jolliffe (the American heir of Thomas Jolliffe of Cofton 
Hall and Margaret Skinner, his wife) was born in England about 
the year 1642 or 1643, and came to America when very young, 
soon after the execution of Charles I. I think he was either con- 
nected with the fleet of Prince Eupert, which was driven by Admiral 
Blake to the West Indies in 1651, or he ma}"" have participated with 
his father in the battle of Worcester, fought September 3, 1651. It 
was quite common for young boys of from ten to fifteen years of 
age to enter the army at that time.^ He settled on the western 
branch of Elizabeth Eiver, Norfolk County, Virginia, and on Janu- 
ary 22, 1562, bought of John Lawrence, for a good consideration, 
one hundred acres of land.' He soon acquired other lands by pur- 

^ " (1655) Many of the recent emigrants had been royalists in England, good 
officers in the war, men of education, of property, and of condition. . . . Vir- 
ginia had long been the home of its inhabitants. ' Among many other bless- 
ings,' said their statute-book, ' God Almighty hath vouchsafed increase of 
children to this Colonj^ ; who are now multiplied to a considerable number;' 
and the huts in the Wilderness were as full as the birds' nests of the woods. 
The hospitality of the Virginians became proverbial. Labor was valuable; 
land was cheap ; competence promptly followed industry. It was ' the best 
poor man's country in the world.' " 

2 The first time the name of Jollitf is mentioned is in the indenture, which is 
as follows : " This Indenture, made this 18th day of October, in the year of our 
Lord God 1651, between Francis Bright of Elizabeth River, in the County of 
Lower Norfolk, planter, of the shore part, and John Lawrence of the County 



chase and grants for bringing into the colony persons unable to 
pay their own way, the law giving fifty acres of land for every 
such person.' He built one of the first grist-mills ever erected in 

of Nansemond, planter, on the other part, witnesseth, that the said Francis 
Bright, for and in consideration of one horsman's coat and two pair of shoes to 
him in hand, paid before the delivery of the same, presents, hath given, granted, 
and to farm let, and by those present, doth give, grant, and to farmlet, all that 
parcel of land containing 100 acres of Innd, he holdeth from Wm. Eyres of 
Nansemond, the said Eyres bought of Edward Selby, late of Elizabeth River, 
situated and lying upon a creek in Elizabeth River aforesaid, and joining upon 
the land of Richard Jennings, and being part of the said pattent to the said 
Jennings, to have and to hold, the said 100 acres of land, viz : — all the privi- 
lege appertaining thereunto, belonging, or in any way, appertaining unto the 
said John Lawrence, his Executors and assignes, from the date of these present, 
unto the end and term, and for and during the whole term of 18 years then 
next and immediately ensuing, and fully to be complete and ended without 
impeachment of any right, yielding and paying, therefor, unto the aforesaid 
Wm. Eyres, or his assignes, hereby, on new yearsday, or the first day of Janu- 
ary one good fatted capon, at the new dwelling house of the said "Wm. Eyres, 
situated in Nansemond aforesaid, provided always, and it is agreed and con- 
cluded upon, between the parties above named, that whether the said John 
Lawrence his executors, or assignes, or any other, by his appointment, shall 
molest or disturb, any cattle belonging unto the said Wm. Eyres, or his execu- 
tors, or assignes, feeding, or being upon the land, or any part thereof, and in 
case there be any such molestation, or disturbance, unlawfully, the said John 
Lawrence shall pay unto the said Wm. Eyres one hogshead of tobacco for every 
such disturbance. 

" In witness of the truth of these promices, the parties have to these present, 
jointly set to their hand and seals, dated the day and year first above written. 

" Francis ( X ) Bright & seal 
his mark 
John W. ( X ) Lawrknce 6c seal. 

" Signed and sealed Oct. 17, 1651. 
" in the presence of 
"Jacob Dooly, 
Walter T. Grimes. 

''I, John Lawrence, do assign over this indenture, viz; — the right and title 
of the land therein expressed, for a good consideration, to John Jollifl", his 
heirs, executors, and assignes, for them, he or them, quietly to enjoy it. 
" Witness my hand this 22nd day of January 1652. 

his mark 
" John W. ( X ) Lawrence.'' 

1 *' To All (fee Whereas &c Now know yee That I ye said Richard Bennet Esq 
&c Give & Grant unto John JoUiffe 200 acres of Land Situate or being in ye 
County of Lower Norfolke, Beginning att a mark"* beach and Soe running for 


Virginia, having obtained from His Majesty's Council a permit 
therefor. He married, about the year 1662, Mary, only daughter 
and heiress of Peter Eigglesworth, of Norfolk County, Virginia, b}'- 

length South West by South 320 poles to a mark* white cake and Soe for breath 
North West by W^est 100 poles to a mark'^ pine and Soe againe for length 
North East by North 320 poles to a Mark"* white Oake and Soe South East by 
East 100 poles to ye first Mark'^ tree, The said land being due unto ye said John 
JolliflFe by and for ye transportation of four persons into this Colony & To have 
and to hold &c Yeilding & paying & w'''^ payment is to be made 7 years after 
ye first grant or sealing thereof and not before, Provided &c Dated ye 30th 
of May 1653. 

"Jon Corye, Ar Lewis, James Hunter, Mary Cooper." 

" To All &c Whereas «&c Now know yee That I yee said Richard Bennet 
Esqr &c Give & Grant unto John Jollitl'e 150 acres of Land, Situate or being 
in ye County of Isle of Wight, Beginning at a marked white Oake and Soe 
running for breath North 76 poles, joining to Mr. Nasworthies land to a markd 
Oake and Soe for length West 320 poles ; butting on ye land of Mr Jones, and 
Soe South 75 poles ; for breath butting on ye Land of Mr Oudlant and soe 
againe for length East 320 poles joining to ye land of Mr Oudlant to ye first 
mentioned tree. The said land being due unto ye Said John JoUifl'e by and for 
ye transportation of three persons into this Colony &c. To have and to hold 
&c Yeilding & Paying & which payment &c Dated ye 30th of May 1658. 
"Anne Marshall, Thos Kemp, Reb Bennett." 

" To All &c Whereas &c now know yee That I ye Sd Richard Bennet Esqr 
&c Give and Grant unto John JoUifl'e two hundred and fifty acres of Land 
lying in ye County of Nansemond on ye Westward side of ye Westward branch 
of Nansemond river, and beginning at a marked red Oake, and running for 
length South W^est by West 320 poles to a Small red Oake markd on ye land 
of James Arthur & Peter Ellis & soe South East by South 125 poles to a marked 
red oake & soe North East by East 320 poles unto a Markd red oak standing 
by ye branch side, Soe running up by or nigh ye maine branch side to ye first 
mentioned markd tree. The said land being formerly granted unto John Land- 
man by patent dated ye 9th of April 1648 & purchased of ye sd Landman by 
ye Said John JoUifie To have and to hold &>c Yeilding & paying & which 
payment is to be made 7 years after ye first grant or Sealing thereof, and not 
before Provided &c Dated ye 4th of July 1658." 

" To all &c whereas &c now Know Ye that I the said Francis Morj'son Esq 
Governor &c give and grant unto John Jolliffe 200 acres of Land Situate or 
being in the County of Lower Norfolk. Beginning at a marked Beach and so 
running for Length South West by South 320 poles to a marked white Oak and 
so for breadth North West by West 100 poles to a marked Pine and so again 
for Length North East by North 320 poles to a marked white Oak & so South- 
East by East 100 poles to the first mentioned tree the said Land being formerly 
granted unto John JoUifl'e by Patent dated the 30 of May 1653 and now renewed 


whom he had four sons and three daughters, — viz., Joseph, John, 
Thomas, Peter, Sarah, Elizabeth, and Mary. They deeded each of 
their children one hundred acres of land during their life or when 
they attained age or were married. By his wife Mary, John JoUiffe 
acquired considerable property, which was disposed of to his chil- 
dren during his lifetime or willed to them at his death. His wife 
died about the year 1704-5, and he died the year 1716, his will 
bearing date November 28, 1716. When Governor Spottswood 
came over as governor of the colonj^ he undertook to rectify the 
great abuses found to exist in the Land OflSce. To this end he 
required all parties who had been granted lands by the process of 
" seating and planting" to come forward and re-enter their lands. 
John Jolliffe's son Thomas thus re-entered eight hundred and sixty- 
seven acres of land August 12, 1713, owned by the family, and in 
a series of deeds made them over to his brothers and sisters just as 
they had formerly been bestowed by John and Mary, his wife ; 
these deeds bear date November 18, 1714. By his will John Jol- 
liffe left his farm on which he resided to his son Joseph. It con- 
tained two hundred and sixty-seven acres. His mill was left to 
John Bacon and his wife, Mary (Jolliife) Bacon. To his son Peter 
he left his " back swoard," and to each of his sons he left a gun. 
Joseph Jolliffe, his eldest son, was named as his executor. John 
Jolliffe seems to have been an educated man, possessed of some 
wealth when he came into the colony, which he added to during 

in his Majesties name &c To have and to hold &c to be held &c Yeilding and 
paying &c provided &c dated the 13th of January 1661." 

" To All &c Whereas &c Now Know Yee that I the said Sr Henry Chichely 
Knt., Deputy Governor &c Give and grant unto John Jolliffe 867 acres of land 
being at ye head of the broad Creeke of ye Westerne branch of Elizabeth river, 
In ye County of Lower Norfolke. Beginning at a red Oake by a branch side 
and running South by his old markd trees 228 poles to ye land of Thomas 
Cattle ; Thence on his line of markt trees North West 186 poles to Thomas 
Catties Corner white Oake Thence on his line South East 36 poles, Thence West 
640 poles leading into a pocosson, then againe from ye first mentioned red oake 
West South West along ye branch side 56 poles, then West NoWest 10 poles 
over ye forke of ye branch to a beech, the corner tree of his old patent, thence 
North West by West 100 poles along ye branch to a white Oake another corner 
tree of his old patent, then South West by South by Markt trees 160 poles to 
ye land of James Murray, Then bounding on Murraye's Markt trees North 
West by West 260 poles to a white Oake in Murrayes line. Then South West 
by Markt trees 460 poles into ye first Mentioned pocoson unto ye end of the 
first Mentioned West line, 267 acres of wch land was formerly granted the Said 
Jolliffe by patent dated the 18th of Octb 1664 and 200 acres more granted Jno 


his lifetime.' At his death he was about seventy-six years old. He 
seems to have always resided in Yirginia, on the western branch of 
Elizabeth Eiver, Norfolk County. (I think his son Joseph was 
named after Joseph Lowe, a brother of Sir Gabriel Lowe, his 
father's second wife's father, who fled to Virginia for safety after 
Charles I.'s execution, probably accompanying John JoUiffe.) 

JoUiffe Senr. by patent dated ye 13th of January 1661, and 400 acres being due 
by & for ye transportation of eight persons into this Collony &c To have & to 
hold &c to be held «fcc yielding & paying &c, dated ye 20th of April 1682. 

" Jno Mat. Thos Nutt. Herbert Spring. 

James Coppin-. Andrew Street. Kichd Heath." 

Thos Dulana. James Anst. 

^ " The earliest mode of acquiring land in the Colony was in Virtue of five 
years' service to the London Co. ; at the expiration of which the Adventurer 
was 'set free' and entitled to a ' divident' of 100 acres, which if planted and 
seated by the building of a house upon it within three years, entitled the planter 
to an additional 100 acres, if not, it reverted to the Crown. Later, each one 
coming to the Colony, or transporting thither, or paying the passage of others, 
was entitled for himself, each member of his family, or other person thus trans- 
ported, to 50 acres of land, which was called a ' head right' and was transfer- 
able. Still later lands were granted upon the condition of paying an annual 
' quit rent' of one shilling for every 50 acres and of planting and seating within 
three years." (Brock's Notes on the Spottswood Papers.) 


Family Record of Joseph Jollifife and Ruth , his 

wife. Married about the year 1694-95. 

William Jolliffe, born about 1695, 

and other children of whom no record ; 

Joseph Jollifife married Elizabeth (second wife) 

about the year 1732, and left no children. 

Joseph Jollifife, the eldest child of John and Mary (Eigglesworth) 
Jollifife, was born at his father's house, on Western Branch of Eliza- 
beth Eiver, Norfolk County. Virginia, about the year 1663-65. He 
was well educated, and I am inclined to think was a lawyer or held 
some office about the county clerk's ofifice. At all events he seems 
to have been chosen by his brothers and sisters to administer on 
their estates or act as executor. He was given by his father one 
hundred acres of land early in life, on which he resided for some 
time. " Oct. 15th, 1721, Joseph Jollifife of Norfolk Co. and Euth his 
wife, deeds to John Bacon, (his brother-in-law) for consideration, 
their grist mill willed them by their father John Jollifife, the mill 
heretofore described. 

" Joseph Jolliff 
Euth Jolliff." 

"Feb. 16, 1724, Peter Jolliff and wife Ann, and Joseph Jollifif and 
wife Euth, deed to Thomas Jollifif 8j acres land on south side of 
Mill Creek at head of Western Branch of Elizabeth Eiver, for 350 
pounds of tobacco. 

" Peter Jolliff 
Ann Jolliff 
Joseph Jolliff 
Euth Jolliff." 

He married about the year 1694-95 Euth , who was living 

as late as 1725 ; he married (second) Elizabeth about the 

year 1732, and it is quite probable she survived him. "May 21, 
1731, Joseph Jollifif deeds a tract of land to Aaron Bolton. 

"Joseph Jolliff 
Euth Jolliff." 


'• Feb. 16, 1735, Joseph Jolliff deeds to Ann Bolton 50 acres swamp 
land granted Thos. Jolliff Aug. 12, 1713, (regrant) bounded by the 
lands of Eichard Jolliff, Thos Ivy and Ann Bolton. 

"Joseph Jolliff 
Elizabeth Jolliff." 

"April 13, 1737, Joseph Jolliff of the Western Branch, in Nor- 
folk County, deeds to Richard Bacon one whole tract of land 
whereon the said Jolliff now lives, and the house, lying on the 
Western Branch of Elizabeth River of Norfolk Co. Land left to 
the said Joseph Jolliff by his father John Jolliff Nov. 28, 1716, and 
being a patent bearing date Oct. 18, 1664. Containing 267 acres. 

"Joseph Jolliff 
Elizabeth Jolliff.'* 

This was the home place sold out. Where Joseph went from here 
cannot be determined. It would appear he was at tbis time an old 
man; his children having left him, he married a second wife late in 
life. The court records of Norfolk County are partially missing 
between 1719 and 1730, and very unfortunately the records of Nanse- 
mond County were all burned in the year 1867, after having sur- 
vived three wars. These records would have given a much more 
complete record of Joseph Jolliff and his family, I am sure, for he 
seems to have drifted westward. The records speak of his children, 
hence there must have been others besides his son William, of whom 
I can find no record. (The present Mr. Josiah JoUiffe living in 
Norfolk County says his father has told him there was a family 
tradition of a William Jolliffe, brother of James JoUiffe, who had 
left the country, and had never been heard from since. These were 
no doubt the sons of Joseph and Ruth Jolliff.) 

The materials are so meagi-e that it is almost impossible to prepare 
sketches of the sons and grandsons of John Jolliffe, the American 
ancestor of the family. Dr. William P. Palmer, who was appointed 
under authority from the Legislature of Vii-ginia to make a calendar 
of the Virginia state papers, in noting the terrible losses to the 
State of valuable papers and manuscripts, says, " Losses which 
occurred when Jamestown became the scene of violence and con- 
flagration. The accidents to which the colonial archives were ex- 
posed when ihe ancient capital on the James was deserted for the 
more attractive and rising city of the middle plantations, and finally 
when, in 1779, the latter ceased to be the seat of government; and 
when, upon the apprehended advance of the British forces during 
the Revolution, they were again removed to Richmond for safety. 



It is probable many valuable manuscripts were lost by the destruc- 
tion of the buildings at William and Mary College by fire, which 
had been left in them when the Eoyal Governors ceased to hold 
sessions of the Council within her walls. Again, in Arnold's inva*iion 
of 1781 the Eichmond authorities became alarmed, and the contents 
of the public offices were hastilj- tumbled into wagons and carried 
off to the most unfrequented parts of the upper James and to the 
hills of Cumberland and Bedford, and in this transit more loss was 
sustained ; when again the liberal and too often careless policy of the 
State exposed the documents in the Capitol to inquisitive followers 
of the Federal forces upon the occupation of Eichmond in 1865, and 
also to the depredations of relic hunters since, as the emptj' envelopes 
endorsed as containing original letters of Washington, Jefferson, 
and Madison testify. But by far the most serious loss sustained 
was at the accidental burning of the State Court-house in Eichmond 
in 1865, in which were consumed almost the entire records of the 
old General Court, from the year 1619, or thereabouts, together with 
records of many of the county courts carried to Eichmond for safe- 
keeping during the civil war of 1861, with also the records of the 
Court of Appeals. The importance of this disaster can only be 
realized when it is remembered what an important relation the 
General Court bore to the history of the Colony from the time 
when the semi-military government, which for the first year of its 
existence controlled its affairs, had passed away down to a compara- 
tively late period. This august and aristocratic body was always 
composed of the class known at that time as ' gentlemen,' men of 
wealth, family, and influence. They with the Governor formed the 
Executive Council, who dispensed the entire patronage of the 
Colony, at the same time that each individual member was himself 
commissioned ' Colonel' by Eoyal authority. To this fact may 
probably be traced the habit in "Virginia of decorating prominent 
men with empty military titles even to this day." 

To all these and other losses cited by Dr. Palmer I would add 
above all the absence of those valuable historical societies which 
all over New England and the Middle States are as beacon-lights to 
the genealogist, saving him so much time and travel and throwing 
up for him a royal road compared to that over which the Virginia 
seeker has to travel. Fortunately for me, the Norfolk Count}' rec- 
ords, which cover the life history of the first immigrant John JoUiffe, 
are nearly complete and in good order. From them I have gleaned 
that he was a man of education and influence, and must have come 
to the colony possessed of considerable means, or else as so young a 


man he could never have acquired so early such a large amount of 
property, at a time when the acquisition of property was rendered 
exceedingly diflScult by the laws of the colony. His record shows 
that he identified himself largely in the material development of 
the country by obtaining royal permits for the establishment of 
industries, etc. The subsequent records of his sons and grandsons 
I have found much more meagre, owing to the destruction espe- 
cially of the Nansemond County records, which went back to 1632, 
at the burning of the court-house at Suffolk in 1867, as before men- 
tioned. So I can write very little regarding them until his grand- 
son William appears in the early formation of the county of Fred- 
erick, and founding the town of Winchester. Here he enrolls his 
name among the first ten lawyers to practise in that court, then 
just forming, and after this the record is comparatively plain sailing. 
Of the other sons of John and Mary (Eigglesworth) Jollifi'e I give 
the following brief history : John Jolliffe, second son of John Jol- 

liffe, of Norfolk County, married Martha , and had issue John, 

Eichard, Peter, Elizabeth-Bowers, Mary Taylor, Sarah-Hodges, 
Susanna-Bowers, Eachael, and Ann. This family lived in Norfolk 
County, and some of the descendants are still holding the old home- 
steads. John's will bears date April 5, 1736. (Jolliffe Chapel in the 
county of Norfolk was so called after the Eev. Josiah Jolliffe, a 
great-grandson of this John.) His wife Martha died in 1761 at 
an advanced age. Her will is dated May 9, 1761. 

Thomas Jolliffe, third son of John, of Norfolk County, married 

(first) Elizabeth , who died about the year 1697. He married 

(second) Mary , who died about the year 1715. He died in the 

year 1731, his will bearing date September 18, 1731. He was at 
one time a resident of Princess Anne County, and owned a large 
estate near Lynnhaven Bay. He seems to have been a man of 
means. In his will he does not mention his children (from this I 
presume he had none, or else all were dead before him), but names 
his brother Joseph his executor. 

Peter Jolliffe, fourth son of John Jolliffe, of Norfolk County, mar- 
ried Ann . They lived in Princess Anne County. September 10, 

1738, they sold their old homestead in Norfolk County to John Hob- 
good. Their children seem to have gone into North Carolina, and 
his descendants are found in some of the Southern States at this time. 
In order to give a better understanding of the times in which a 
great portion of the JoUiffes of Virginia lived, and the influences they 
were subjected to, I give herewith a brief sketch of the settlement of 
Virginia, in which many of the family were intimately connected. 



The settlement of Yirginia, briefly stated, is as follows: A 
number of enterprising and adventurous persons of London and 
Plymouth, England, petitioned the king, James I., to grant them 
charters for two companies " to possess and cultivate lands in 
America," which was granted, letters patent bearing date April 10, 
1606, and the names of the corporations being " The London Com- 
pany" and "The Plymouth Company." The London Company 
sent Captain Christopher Newport to Virginia December 20, 1606, 
with a colony of one hundred and five persons to commence a set- 
tlement on the island of Eoanoke, now in North Carolina. By 
stress of weather, however, they were driven north of their desti- 
nation, and entered Chesapeake Bay. Here, up a river which they 
called James River, on a beautiful peninsula, they founded the little 
colony of Jamestown in May, 1607. In the year 1619 the first 
legislative council was convened at Jamestown, then called James 
City, by Sir George Yeardley, then governor of the colony. On 
July 24, 1621, Sir Francis Wyatt received a commission as governor, 
and with it a '• set of instructions" as follows : " To keep up religion 
of the Church of England ; to be obedient to the king ; not in- 
jure the natives; forget old quarrels. To be industrious, suppress 
drunkeness, gaming and excess in cloaths ; to permit none but the 
Counsel and heads of hundreds to wear gold in their cloaths ; none to 
wear silk till thej" made it. Not to offend foreign persons ; punish 
piracies, and teach children, to convert the heathen. To make a 
catalogue of the people and their condition, of deaths, marriages 
and christenings; to take care of estates, keep list of all cattle. 
Not to plant above 100 pounds of tobacco per head; to sow great 
quantities of corn ; to keep cows, swine, poultry, etc. ; to plant 
mulberry trees, and make silk and take care of the Frenchmen in 
that work ; to plant an abundance of vines. To put 'prentices to 
trades, and not let them forsake their trades for planting tobacco 
or any such useless commodity. To take care of the Dutch sent 
to build mills ; to build water mills and block houses in every 
plantation. That all contracts be performed and breaches thereof 
punished ; tenants not to be enticed away. To make salt, pitch, 
tar, soap, oil of walnuts, search for minei'als, gems, etc., and send 



small quantities home. To make small quantities of tobacco, and 
that very good, and to keep the store houses clean." 

In the year 1611 the entire population of the colony amounted 
to seven hundred souls, and in that year were brought to America 
the first cows, goats, and hogs, and twenty women, being the first 
white females who ever trod the soil. In 1614 tobacco was intro- 
duced from the West Indies. Among some of the first laws passed 
wei-e the following : " That there shall be in every plantation, where 
the people used to meet for the worship of God, a house or roome 
sequestered for that purpose, and not to be for any temporal use 
whatsoever, and a place empaled in, on it, 'for the burial of the 
dead;' that whosoever shall absent himself from Divine service 
any Sunday, without an allowable excuse, shall forfeit a pound of 
tobacco; that the Governor shall not withdraw the inhabitants 
from their private labors to any service of his own, upon any colour 
whatsoever, and in case the public service requires employment of 
many hands before holding a general assembly, to give order for 
the same ; that all trade for corn with the salvages, as well as 
public and private, after June next, shall be prohibited ; that the 
proclamation for swearing and drunkeness set out by the Governor 
and Counsel are confirmed by this Assembly; that every dwelling 
house shall be pallizaded in, for defense against the Indians; that 
no man go or send partie without a sufficient partie well armed ; 
that there be dew watch kept by night ; that such persons of quality 
as shall be found delinquent in their duties being not fit to undergo 
corporal punishment, may notwithstanding be ymprisoned at the 
discretion of the commander, and for greater offenses to be sub- 
jected to a fine inflicted by the month]}' court, so that it exceed not 
the value aforesaid." 

In the year 1620 negro slaves were introduced from a Dutch shij). 
In 1645 coined money was introduced by act of the General As- 
sembly, all currency up to this date being tobacco, which was the 
standard of value. In 1659 the notorious act for the suppression 
of Quakers was passed. In 1675 and 1676 Bacon rebelled against 
Sir William Berkley, and Jamestown was burned. March, 1692-93, 
an act was passed for the establishment of a post-office in the 
country, and the same year an act for ascertaining a place for 
erecting the college of William and Mary, the fii'st college on the 
continent. " On August 1st, 1716, the knightly governor. Col. 
Alexander Spottsvvood, in company with a troop of horsemen con- 
sisting of 50 persons in all, with a goodly supply of provisions, 
ammunition and a varied assortment of liquors, set out to cross 


the high mountains of Yirginia. After several fights with hostile 
savages, who dogged the footsteps of the party, at the expiration 
of thirty-six days, at about 1 o'clock, September 5th, 1716, Governor 
Spottswood, who was slightly in the advance, reached the brow of 
a declivity at the top of the Blue Eidge, at Swift Eun Gap, and the 
whole glorious view burst upon his enraptured sight. For some 
moments, as the members of the governor's party gathered around 
him, not a word or sound broke the silence of the awe-inspiring 
scene, but they soon dismounted from their horses, and drank the 
health of the king. As far as the eye could reach, the most en- 
chanting landscape presented itself. To the front of them, to the 
right and left, rolled miles of tall grass ; the silvery streams in 
serpentine coils wound in and out for miles away, whilst in the 
distance mountain upon mountain seemed piled one upon the other, 
until lost in the blue and gold of the clouds, challenging the eye to 
define where clouds began and mountains ceased. Upon the return 
of Spottswood and his part}', the governor, in commemoration of 
the event, had a number of golden horse-shoes struck, each of which 
had inscribed upon it, ' Sic Jurat Transcendere Montes :' ' Though 
he swears to cross the mountains.' " No attempt seems to have been 
made to make a settlement in the Shenandoah Valley until the year 
1725. In 1720 the General Assembly passed an act for the creation 
of the counties of Spottsylvania and Brunswick, the preamble of 
which, and that portion relating to Spottsylvania, are here given : 

" Preamble : That the frontiers, towards the high mountains, are 
exposed to danger from the Indians, and the late settlements of the 
French to the westward of said mountains, 

" Enacted., Sjjottsylvania county bounds upon Snow Creek up to 
the Mill, thence by southwest line to the Eiver North Anna, thence 
by the said River as far as convenient, and thence by a line to be 
Tun over the high mountains to the Eiver on the northwest side 
thereof, so as to include the northern passage through said moun- 
tains ; thence down the said Eiver till it comes against the head of 
Eappahannock ; thence by a line to the head of Eappahannock and 
down that Eiver to the mouth of Snow Creek; which ti'act of land, 
from the first of May, 1721, shall become a count}", by the name of 
Spottsylvania county." 

In 1734 another division occurred. Spottsylvania was divided 
and its northern half created into the county of Orange. Four 
years later than the above date, 1734, the county of Frederick was 
created by an act passed in November, 1738, which act reads as 
follows : 


"Whereas: Great numbers of people have settled themselves of 
late upon the Rivers of Sherrando, Conhongoruton (Potomac) and 
Opeckon, and the branches thereof, on the northwest side of the 
Blue Ridge of mountains, whereby the strength of this colony and 
its security upon the frontiers, and His Majesty's revenue of quit- 
rents are likely to be much increased and augmented ; for giving 
encouragement to such as shall see fit to settle there ; 

" Be it enacted^ That all that territory and tract of land at present 
deemed to be a part of the County of Orange, lying on the north- 
west side of the top of said mountains, extending from thence 
northerly, westwardly and southerly beyond the said mountains to 
the utmost limits of Virginia, be separated from the rest of said 
county, and created into two distinct counties and parishes ; to be 
divided by a line to be run from the head spring of Hedgeman 
River to the head spring of the River Potowmack ; and that all that 
part of the said territory lying to the northeast of the said line, 
beyond the top of the said Blue Ridge, shall be one distinct county 
and parish, to be called by the name of the County of Frederick 
and Parish of Frederick ; and that the rest of the said territory 
lying on the other side of the said line, beyond the top of the said 
Blue Ridge, shall be one distinct county and parish, to be called by 
the name of the County of Augusta, and Parish of Augusta." 

Singular to relate, after Spottswood's expedition, the first settle- 
ments in the Shenandoah Valley were not made from East Virginia, 
but instead, the fame of the great Virginia valley for its splendid 
land, fine watercourses, and beautiful mountains, attracted the at- 
tention of some thrifty Germans who had settled in Pennsylvania, 
in York and Lancaster Counties. A number of these, led by Yost 
Hite, moved through Maryland and crossed the river a few miles 
above where now is Harper's Ferrj-, settling along the Potomac, 
with the junction of that stream with the Shenandoah westward 
for ten or fifteen miles. They founded a village in their midst 
about 1727, which they called New Mecklenburg. This was after- 
wards changed to Shepardstown by one Mr. Thomas Sbepard, who 
acquired property there. These persons were simple squatters upon 
the land. About 1730, Richard ap Morgan, a Welshman, obtained 
from Governor Gooch a grant for a large body of lands which he 
located in the neighborhood of Shephardstown, building there a log 
house, supposed to be the first dwelling ever erected in the Shenan- 
doah Valle3^ He was followed very shortl}' b}'^ Rev. Morgan Moi'- 
gan, a native of Wales, who emigrated from Pennsylvania, and 
settled in what is now known as the coimty of Berkley. He was a 


man of exemplary piety and devoted to the church, and was instru- 
mental in erecting the first Episcopal church in the valley of Vir- 
ginia. From the settlements in Chester County, Pennsylvania, 
there arrived a large influx of emigrants to the new colony, among 
whom were many of the same faith as Penn, thrifty, well-to-do 
people ; also a large number of Protestant Germans, all of whom 
settled upon the rich lands of the Shenandoah and Opecquon Creeks.^ 
Among the first to obtain a grant from Governor Gooch, of Vir- 
ginia, was Alexander Eoss, a Quaker, who secured seventy thousand 
acres, locating the same north, west, and south of where now stands 
Winchester. This was in 1730 or thereabouts, and the ground was 
surveyed by Eobert Brooks, 1731 and 1732. In addition to the 
Germans and Quakers who first came, there also came many Irish 
and Scotch-Irish from Lancaster County, in Pennsylvania, who 
settled along Back Creek and Opecquon. The route taken by these 
early settlers to reach the valley was from the neighborhood of 
York, in Pennsylvania, down through Maryland, striking the Poto- 
mac at the old Pack-Horse Ford, a mile east of Shepbardstown, 
which at that date was simply a portion of the Indian trail, but 
which was the great northern and southern highway of the Indians 
for, possibly, centuries, along which hostile tribes had marched and 
camped, the Delavvares going southward, the Catawbas and Shawnees 
going northward, frequent warlike excursions being made into this 
country. Much the greater part of the country between what is 
called the Little North Mountain and the Shenandoah Eiver, at 
the first settling of the valley, was one vast prairie, covered with 
luxurious grass and wild strawberry vines, and even the sides of 
the mountains were covered with wild pea vines, which afforded 
the finest possible pasturage for wild animals, such as buffalo, elk, 

1 "Several respectable individuals of the Quaker Society thought it unjust to 
take possession of this valley without making the Indians some compensation 
for their right. Measures were adopted to effect this great object. But upon 
inquiry no particular tribe could be found who pretended to have any prior 
claim to the soil. It was considered the common hunting ground of various 
tribes, and not claimed by any particular nation who had authority to sell. This 
information was communicated to the author by two aged and highly respecta- 
ble men of the Friends' Society, Isaac Brown and Lewis Neill, each of them 
upwards of eighty years of age, and both residents of the County of Frederick. 
In confirmation of this statement, a letter was written by Thomas Chaulkly to 
the Monthly Meeting on Opecquon on the 21st 5th Mo., 1738. . . . This excel- 
lent letter from this good man proves that the Quakers were among our earliest 
settlers, and that this class of people were early disposed to do justice to the 
natives of the country." (Kercheval.) 


deer, etc., at that time very plentiful. Only along the streams and 
watercourses was good timber to be found, hence the early settlers 
chose their homes close to the borders of the streams, that they 
might secure wood and water in conjunction with their prairie 
lands.' At this time the Indians roamed at will over these prairies. 

1 " At this period timber was so scarce that the settlers were compelled to cut 
small saplings to inclose their fields. The prairie produced grass five or six feet 
high ; and even our mountains and hills were covered with a rich growth. . . . 
From this state of the country, many of our first settlers turned their attention 
to raising large herds of horses, cattle, hogs, etc. Many of them became ex- 
pert, hardy and adventurous hunters, and depended chiefly for support and 
money-making on the sale of skins and furs. The first houses erected by the 
primitive settlers were log cabins, with covers of split clapboards, and weight 
poles to keep them in place. They were frequently seen with earthen floors ; 
or if wooden floors were used, they were made of split puncheons a little 
smoothed with the broad-axe. There were, however, a few framed and stone 
buildings erected previous to the war of the revolution. When improvement 
began, the most general mode of building was with hewn logs, a shingle roof 
and plank floor, the plank cut out with the whip-saw. The dress of the early 
settlers was of the plainest materials, generally of their own manufacture ; the 
men's coats were generally made with broad backs, and straight short skirts, 
with pockets on the outside having large flaps. The waistcoats had skirts nearly 
half-way down to the knees and very bi'oad pocket-flaps. The breeches were so 
short as barely to reach the knee, with a band surrounding the knee fastened 
with either brass or silver buckles. The stocking was drawn up under the knee- 
band and tied with a red or blue garter below the knee so as to be seen. The 
shoes were of coarse leather, with straps fastened with either brass or silver 
buckles. The hat was either of wool or fur, with a round crown not exceeding 
three or four inches high, with a broad brim. The neck encased in a white 
linen stock fastened at the back with a buckle. The female dress was generally 
a short gown and petticoat, made of the plainest materials; they were often 
seen with bare feet and arms. They usually labored with the men in the fields 
during the busy seasons. Furniture was of the simplest kind, that for the table 
consisted of a few pewter dishes, plates, and spoons, but mostly of wooden bowls, 
trenchers, and noggins, or of gourds and squashes. In the whole display of 
furniture china and silver were unknown. The hunting-shirt was universally 
worn by a large part of the settlers ; this was a kind of loose frock, with large 
sleeves, open before, and so wide as to lap over a foot or more when belted. The 
cape was large and fringed with a ravelled piece of cloth of a different color 
from the shirt itself. They were generally made of linsey, coarse linen, or 
dressed deer-skins. The acquisition of such articles as salt, iron, and castings 
jiresented great difiiculties to the first settlers. They had no stores of any kind, 
no salt, iron, or iron-works, nor had they money to make purchases. Peltry 
and furs were their only resources, or the sale of cattle and horses taken to trade 
for these needed articles in Frederick, Baltimore, or Philadelphia. These goods 
were carried by pack-horses in caravans. The usual price for a bushel of salt 


and at one or two points in the valley had considerable towns : the 
Tuscarrorers, on Tuscarrorer Creek, near where Martinsburg now 
stands; the Shawnees, at the Shawnee Springs, where Winchester 
stands. These Indians looked upon the people from Virginia with 
abhorrence, whom they designated " Long Knife," and Avere warmly 
opposed to their settling in the valley. Tradition relates that the 
Indians did not object to the Pennsylvanians settling in the country, 
but from the high character of "William Penn the poor simple na- 
tives believed that all of Pennsylvania's men were honest, virtuous, 
humane, and benevolent, but they soon found to their cost that 
Pennsylvanians were not much better than the others. A noted 
exception must be made in the case of the Quakers, who endeavored 
to purchase their lands from the Indians as well as from the Crown. 
See the beautiful letter of Thomas Chalklej-, dated May 21, 1738, 
on this subject. In all the long and blood}^ border wars not a single 
Quaker was ever murdered or molested by an Indian, a beautiful 
tribute to the peace-loving principles and practices of William Penn. 
For several years after the creation of Frederick County there 
was not sufficient population in all the territory west of Blue Eidge 
to justify the appointment of county officers and the organization 
of a county government, but October 2, 1748, " His Excellency 
AVm. Cxooch, Esquire, Lieutenant and Commander-in-Chief of the 
forces of the colony and province of Virginia, by the grace of His 
Most Christian Majesty, Our Sovereign Lord George the Second, 
King, Defender of the Faith, etc.," issued commissions, as justices 
of the peace, to "Our Trusted and Well Beloved Morgan Morgan, 
Benjamin Borden, Thomas Chester, David Vance, Andrew Camp- 
bell, Marquis Calmcs, Thomas Eutherford, Lewis Neill, William 
McMachen, Meredith Helms, George Hoge, John White and Thomas 
Little, gentlemen, accompanied by a dedimus for the administering 
of the oath of office to the appointees. On November 11, 1743, the 
gentlemen, having been notified of their appointment, met for the 
purpose of organizing a court." This meeting took place in the 
house of James Wood, in what is now the central portion of Win- 
chester. Having met, Morgan Morgan and David Vance admin- 
istered the oath to the others named in the commission, Avho, having 
taken their seats as justices for Frederick Count}-, appointed James 
Wood clerk of the court, and Thomas Eutherford high sheriff; 
George Home was appointed surveyor. At this court apjjeared 

■was a cow and calf, the salt measured by hand in the half-bushel as lightly as 
possible. Tea, coffee, and sugar were unknown commodities. Every man was 
a soldier. The frontiers presented a succession of military camps or forts." 


James Porteus, John Steei-man, George Johnson, and John Newpoi't, 
who were booked as attorneys. The sheriff was ordered to build a 
twelve-foot log house, logged above and below to secure pi'isoners. 
The next court was held December 9, when James Porteus was 
empowered to act as king's attorney until the pleasure of the gov- 
ernor could be known. Thomas Chester was appointed coroner, 
and took the oath of office. At this court Patrick Eiley petitioned 
for a license " to keep an ordinary." Several others obtained 
licenses for ordinaries at the same time, among whom were Thomas 
Hart and Lewis Neill. On Friday, June 13, the ensuing month, at 
a meeting of the court, five more lawyers placed themselves on the 
roll of attorneys for Frederick County, they being William Russell, 
John Quinn, Gabriel Jones, William Jolliffe, and Michael Eyan. 
At a court held February 11, 1743-44, Gabriel Jones was recom- 
mended by the justices to the governor as a suitable person for the 
king's attorney. May 11, 1744, the first grand jury was impanelled 
in the county. The first deed placed upon the records of the county 
was one from Abraham Pennington to Christopher Beeler for five 
hundred acres of land. November 13, 1751, George Ross transferred 
about ten acres of land to Isaac Hollingsworth, Evan Thomas, Jr., 
and Evan Rogers for building a Quaker meeting-house. As hereto- 
fore stated, Thomas Rutherford was the first sheriff of the county ; 
his bondsmen, in the sum of one thousand pounds, were Meredith 
Helms, John Hardin, Thomas Ashby, Sr., James Seeburn, Robert 
Ashby, Thomas Ashby, Jr., Peter Wolff, and Robert Worthington. 
The second sheriff was Thomas Chester, 1745 ; third, Andrew Camp- 
bell, 1747; fourth, Jacob Hite, 1749; fifth, Lewis Neill, 1751; sixth, 
Meredith Helms, 1753. " On November 17, 1749, the Right Honor- 
able Thomas Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cameron, in that part of Great 
Britain called Scotland, and proprietor of the Northern Neck, pro- 
duced a special commission to be one of His Majesty's Justices of 
the Peace for the County, from under the hand of the Honorable 
Thomas Lee, Esquire, President and Commander-in-Chief of the 
Colony and Dominion of Virginia, and the seal of this Colony, took 
the oaths appointed by Act of Parliament to be taken instead of 
the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and the oaths of abjuration, 
and having subscribed the teste was sworn a Justice of the Peace, 
and of the County Court in Chancery; Lord Fairfax producing a 
commission, was sworn County Lieutenant." 

The following documents, copied from the first deed book and 
bearing date March 9, 1749, give the first glimpse of what is now 
Winchester, then called Fredericktown : 


"Know All Men By These Presents, That I James Wood, of 
Frederick County, am held and firmly bound unto Morgan Morgan, 
Thomas Chester, David Vance, Andrew Campbell, Marquis Calmes, 
Thomas Rutherford, Lewis Neill, William McMachen, Meredith 
Helms. George Hoge, John White and Thomas Little. Gents, Jus- 
tices of the said County, and their successors, in the sum of one 
thousand pounds, current mone}^ of Virginia, to be paid to the said 
Morgan Morgan, etc., and which payment well and truly to be made 
I bind myself, my heirs, executors and administrators firmly by 
these presents, and sealed with my seal, and dated this 9th day of 
March, 1743; The Condition of the above obligation is such that, 
whereas, the above-bound James Wood having laid off from the 
tract of land at which he now dwells, at Opeckon, in the County 
aforesaid, twenty-six lots of land, containing one half-acre each to- 
gether with two streets running through the said lots, each of the 
breadth of 33 feet, as will more plainly appear by a plan thereof in 
the possession of the said Morgan Morgan, etc. And, whereas, the 
said James Wood, for divers good causes and considerations him 
thereunto moving, but more especially for and in consideration of 
the sum of Five shillings, current money, to him in hand paid, the 
receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledge, hath bargained and 
sold, on the conditions hereinafter mentioned, all his right, title, 
interest, property and claim to 22 of the said lots to the aforesaid 
Morgan Morgan, etc., His Majesty's Justices of the said County for 
the time being, and their successors, to be disposed of by them for 
the use of the said County as they shall judge most proper," etc. 
" Signed, J. Wood. Sealed, and delivered in the presence of Wil- 
liam JoLLiPFE, John Newport and Thomas Postgate." Wood, it 
appears from the above documents, did not at that time own the 
land, but acquired title to it upon the arrival of Lord Fairfax. In 
the year 1752, James Wood petitioned the General Assembly to law- 
fully establish his town and name it Winchester, after Winchester 
in England. 

For twelve years after the settlement of the great valley the 
inhabitants enjoyed profound peace and prosperity, mingling freely 
with the Indians, who were passing to and fro at all times through 
this country. In the year 1753 emissaries from the western Indians 
came among the valley Indians, inviting them to cross the Alle- 
ghany Mountains, and in the spring of the year 1753 Major George 
Washington was sent with a letter to the French commander on the 
western borders, remonstrating against his encroaching upon the 
territory of Virginia. Soon after this the war, commonly called 


"Braddock's War," began, and in 1754 Yirginia raised an armed 
force, the command of which was given to Colonel Fry, and George 
"Washington appointed lieutenant-colonel. In 1755 Braddock, at the 
head of two English regiments, was sent to reduce Fort Pitt, which 
resulted in a disastrous defeat. Immediately after the defeat of 
Braddock, Washington retreated to Winchester, in the county of 
Frederick, and in the autumn of 1755 began to build Fort Loudon. 
Here Washington resided with his army for the next two years, 
during which time the settlers on the frontiers were daily harassed 
and worried by incursions from the Indians and French. Many 
valuable lives were lost and property destroyed, and the people 
subjected to untold hardships. After the close of hostilities the 
valley again enjoyed a period of repose until about the 3-ear 1772, 
when " Dunmore's War" broke out, and raged with unabated fury 
all along the frontier. Before its close hostilities began with Great 
Britain, and for eight years the valley was kept in a state of tur- 
moil, the inhabitants greatly harassed and excited, property depre- 
ciated and destroyed, young men drawn into the army, and the old 
men and women subjected to all the horrors of w^ar and famine, 
added to which were the terrors of Indian scalping-parties making 
repeated raids throughout the whole valley section. 

The Presbyterian meeting-house at Tuscarrorer, county of Berk- 
ley, was the first place where the gospel was preached publicly and 
divine service performed west of the Blue Ridge. About the year 
1733 the Friends held religious services at private houses in the 
valley. The first Friends' meeting-house was a small log house 
erected in 1734-35, about thirty yards from the present sexton's 
house at Hopewell, near Ross's Spring, now known as Washing- 
ton's Spring. In 1735 William Hoge,' having settled on land about 

1 William Hoge, a native of Musselburgh, Scotland, came to America after 
1682. In the same ship was a Mr. Hume and his wife and daughter, from 
Paisley, Scotland. The father and mother both died at sea on their way over. 
"William Hoge took charge of their orphan daughter and turned her over to her 
relatives in New York City. He settled at Perth Amboy, New Jersey. In the 
course of time he married this orphan, Barbara Hume, and they moved to the 
lower counties of Pennsylvania, now the State of Delaware. From here they 
moved to Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and in the year 1735 they moved to Virginia, 
and finally settled near what is now Kernstown. There he gave the land on 
which was erected the first Presbyterian church west of the Blue Ridge, and 
here they lived and died. They left a large family. His oldest son, William, 
joined the Society of Friends and settled in Loudoun County. He had a son, 
James Hoge, whose son was Isaac Hoge, who married Rachel Schofield, daughter 
of Mahlon and Ann Neill, his wife ; they had children, James, Isaac, Josephine, 


where Kernstown now is, gave the lot on which the church stands 
for the use of the first Presbyterian congregation ever organized in 
Virginia west of the Blue Eidge. The introduction of the Episcopal 
Church in Frederick County dates from the organization of the 
county ; but little is heard of either church, vestry, or wardens 
until after the arrival of Lord Fairfax in 1749. In 1752 a vestry 
was appointed, consisting of Lord Fairfax, Isaac Perkins, Gabriel 
Jones, John Hite, Thomas Svvearenger, Charles Buck, Eobert Lem- 
mon, John Lindsey, John Ashby, James Cromlej^ and Lewis Neill. 
Lord Fairfax, in 1752, gave a lot in the southwest corner of the 
public square in Winchester, upon which shortly afterwards was 
ei-ected a rude chapel. This was occupied many years, but a better 
one of stone was reared upon the same spot some years before the 

"The first settlers were neither distinguished for literature nor 
religion. They were patient, enterprising men. A true account of 
their sufferings, their dangers, and their exploits would appear tons- 
like tales of romance. They had not leisure, if they had the ability,, 
to write history. They were much more conversant with the axe, 
the firelock, and the sword than books and pens. Their children 
were educated as their surroundings justified, — not for show, but 
for usefulness. The bravest and best man was the most popular 
and most respected. Those who possessed a goodly share of book 
learning could hy no means be ignored." 

During the summer of 1759 the small-pox broke out in the town 
of Winchester, and carried many persons to the grave. The court 
was in consequence moved to Stephensburg for a year. The same 
dread disease again made its appearance in the years 1771 and 1776, 
and raged with great fury, spreading over the entire country and 
among the large number of Hessian pi'isoners confined in barracks 
west of the town. 

Lewis, William, and Annie. Dr. Eobert White married one of the elder 
William Hoge's daughters, and settled near North Mountain, Frederick County. 
They had three sons, — viz., John, Robert, and Alexander, the latter tlie emi- 
nent lawyer of Winchester during the Revolution, and a member of the first. 



Family Record of William Jolliffe and Phoeby, his 
wife. Married about the year 1720. 

William Jolliffe, 
James Jolliffe, 
Edmund Jolliffe, 
John Jolliffe, 
and perhaps others. 

William Jolliffe, son of Joseph Jolliffe and Ruth, his wife, was 
born at his father's plantation on the Western Branch of Elizabeth 
Eiver, Noifolk County, Virginia, about the year 1695.^ This plan- 
tation had been given to Joseph Jolliffe by his father, John, during 
his lifetime, and was sold by Joseph when he was an old man, and 
probably his children had all left him to seek homes of their own. 
William Jolliffe was carefully educated and trained to the profes- 
sion of law. His father was executor for a number of estates and 
seems to have had much to do with courts, hence it was but natural 
he should wish at least one son to follow that profession. At that 
time lawyers were educated in the law by entering the clerks' 
offices and acting as deputies, and it would appear that William 
was so trained. From the time of Bacon's Rebellion until the ad- 
ministration of Governor Spottswood, 1710, Virginia had made but 
little progress towards settling her vast territories.^ Williamsburg 

^ Family tradition says, " William Jolliffe moved into Frederick County from 
Eastern Virginia among the earliest settlers ; that he was well educated but 
poor and was seeking to better his fortunes." In the General Land OflSceatKich- 
mond, Virginia, 1 find " William Jolliffe Sr. patented 304 acres on the Drains 
of Babbs Creek, Frederick Co. Surveyed by John Mauzy. John Adams lived 
on it July 3, 1766." " Wm. Jolliffe Sr 87 acres. Land on which he now lives 
July 4, 1766." (This was the Ked House tract.) "William Jolliffe Sr. 129 
acres on Drains of the Opeckon, joins Doster & William Dillon, Survey made 
to William Jolliffe Jr. and James Jolliffe Nov. 4, 1766." Grant to " William 
Jolliffe Jr. and James Jolliffe of Frederick County whereon William Jolliffe' 
Sen. lived, joining on Alexander Ross, and being part of his grant," containing 
five hundred acres " as by survey and Piatt thereof made (in behalf of Mr. 
William Jollifte Sen.) by Mr. William Baylis." April 7, 1755. 

^ " The first half of the eighteenth century, to the breaking out of the French 
and Indian War, is extremely barren of incidents in the history of Virginia. 


was then the capital, and the inhabited frontiers extended only a 
few miles north and east of that town. Spottswood was an accom- 
plished and enterprising man, and soon after his appointment 
as lieutenant-governor of the province began pushing the settle- 
ments west and encouraging the people to open up new territor}-. 
Immigrants increased in numbers and pushed west. The old settlers 
caught the spirit of the times, and many sold out their farms and 
took up better lands in the new counties being formed. Then as 
now the young men left borne and sought their fortunes in the new 
country. As the territory filled up, new courts were requested and 
lawyers were in demand, and we find the young men of that jh'O- 
fession pressing to the front. Among those who followed this tide 
was William JoUiffe, who followed the formation of the courts at 
Spottsylvania, May 1, 1721. (The first court sat on the 1st day of 
August, 1722, at Germanna.) There was a massacre of the in- 
habitants of this town shortly after its establishment, " perpetrated 
by the Indians and sternly revenged by the whites." Hugh Jones, 
in 1724, thus describes Germanna: "Beyond Colonel Spottswood's 
furnace, above the Falls of Eappahannock Eiver, within view of 
the vast mountains, he has founded a town called Germanna, from 
some Germans sent over by Queen Anne, who are now removed up 
further. Here he has servants and workmen of most handicraft 
trades ; and he is building a church, courthouse, and dwelling house 
for himself, and with his servants and negroes he has cleared plan- 
tations about it, proposing great encouragement for people to come 
and settle in that uninhabitated part of the world, lately divided 
into a county." 

Orange County was formed in 173-4 from Spottsylvania, and hither 
"William JoUiffe drifted with his family. In 1738 Frederick County 
was formed, but it was not until October 2, 1743, that Governor 
Gooch issued an order for the formation of a court upon the peti- 
tions of the leading men. At the opening of this court William 
JoUiffe was among the very first to enroll himself as a lawyer. 
" On Nov. 11, 1743, the gentlemen named having been notified of 
their appointment met for the purpose of organizing a court. At 
this court appeared James Porteus, John Steerman, George Johns- 
ton, and John Newport, who desired the privilege of being booked 
as attorneys, and who upon taking the oath as such were granted 

• . . This brevity arises from the fact that it was mainly a time of peace, which 
usually leaves but little to record of marked interest to the general reader. 
Again, the annals of Virginia, during this period, are brief and unsatisfactory, 
and, doubtless, much highly valuable material is, in consequence, forever lost." 


the use of the courthouse. On Friday, Jan. 13, at a meeting of 
the court, five more lawyers placed themselves on the roll of attor- 
neys for Frederick County, they being William Eussell, John Quinn, 
Gabriel Jones, William JoUiffe and Michael Eyan." To a deed 
given by James Wood, conveying the land on which Winchester 
was founded, we find his name as one of the three witnesses signed 

Just where he first established his home I am unable to say, but 
the records of the county show that shortly after this date he was 
possessed of five hundred acres of land adjoining the lands of Alex- 
ander Eoss, north of the present town of Winchester. He was 
from this time until his death in active practice in the coui'ts of 
Frederick and adjoining counties, his name often appearing in the 
records. In September, 1752, he brought an action against his 
brother lawyer, the celebrated but eccentric Gabriel Jones.^ " Sep. 
20, 1743, John Frost deeds to John Millburn a portion of a tract of 
land patented by Alex. Eoss and John Littler Nov. 12, 1735 ; the 
witnesses to this were Alex. Eoss, Thomas Wilson, John Littler and 
William Jolliife." " May 10, 1744, William Jolliffe was witness to 
a deed from Isaac Pennington to Thomas Colson." " Nov. 16, 1759, 
as assignee of Geo. Eoss he recovered a debt and interest from Feb. 

From these and many other records it appears he became the 
attorney for the Friends settled in that country, and this no doubt 
had its influence upon his children, and may have been the means 
of uniting them with that society. William himself, I feel sure, 
was never a member, Friends deeming it wrong to contend in the 
courts, and therefore having little use for lawyers except to draw 
up deeds, etc. " Mar. 26, 1763, William JoUiffe, Sr., brought an 
action against the celebrated David Crockett who then resided in 
Frederick County." When he was about twenty-five years of age 

he married Phoeby , by whom he had sons William, James, 

John, and Edmund, and perhaps daughters. There exists no record 
by which we can determine his wife's family name, nor when she 
died. This is not surprising when we remember that the country 

1 Gabriel Jones was a son of John and Elizabeth Jones, of Montgomery, 
North Wales. He was educated in London (April, 1732) at the Blue-coat 
School, Christ's Hospital, and was there seven years. He then served six years 
with a lawyer. He came to America, and March 1, 1747, was settled (at Neill's 
Mill) near Kernstown, Virginia, where he resided twenty-two years. He then 
moved to what was Augusta Count}^ and settled near the present town of Port 
Republic. He died an old man after the Revolutionary War. 


in which he dwelt was new and sparsely settled and the keeping of 
birth and death records was disregarded ; it was many years later 
before a law was passed compelling such records to be kept. William 
left no will, but from court records I find he died in the year 1765. 
(His son William always signed his name William JollifFe, Jr., 
during his life. The last record so signed was Wm. Jolliffe, Jr., vs. 
Wm. Crumly, March 6, 1765. Later witnessed a marriage certifi- 
cate, Aug. 15, 1765, and did not attach the Jr.) He was interred at 
Hopewell Burying-Ground, in Frederick County, Virginia. His wife 
died several years before he did, and 1 believe the later years of his 
life were spent Mnth his son William at the old Nevill house. 

Family tradition says he was a cultured, refined person, fond of 
good society and people of learning, often neglecting personal ad- 
vancement for his books and friends. Of his brothers and sisters I 
have no information (I am inclined to believe there was a John, 
James, and Joseph), yet the court records of Norfolk County indi- 
cate there were others, but give no names by which they may be 
traced. Unfortunately, the files of these valuable old records are 
missing between the dates 1719-1730. They no doubt would have 
supplied many missing links. 


Family Record of William Jolliflfe and Lydia Hollings- 
worth, his wife. Married 1750. 

John Jolliffe, born June 18, 1751, 

Phoeby Jolliife, born December 15, 1752; died when 

eighteen months old ; 
Gabriel Jolliffe, born May 19, 1755 : died December 22, 

Phoebj' Jolliffe (second), born February 12, 1758. 

William Jolliffe, son of William and Phceby Jolliffe, came with 
his father and brothers James and Edmund to the valley of Vir- 
ginia about the year 1743. (Just where his father's home was is 
uncertain, he being a lawyer practising in the courts east and west 
of the Blue Eidge. It may have been on a five-hundred-acre tract 
of land ^ situated near Opecquon Creek, north of the present town of 
Winchester and adjoining the lands of Alexander Eose,'^ which land 
was in his possession as late as 1760.) He was born about the year 
1720 or 1721, and joined the Friends' Society at an early age. The 

1 In Land Office, Richmond, Virginia: "To Mr. William Jolliffe Junr. of 
Frederick Co. ' a certain Tract of waste and ungranted Land in the said County, 
whereon he now lives and bounded as by a survey thereof made (on behalf of 
Lydia Ross, now wife to the said William Jolliffe Junr.) by Mr. William 
Baylis, as foUoweth. Beginning at a white oak corner to John Littler, George 
Ross and John Ross deceased' 210 acres Oct. 4th 1753." " Grant to William 
Jolliffe Jr. of Frederick Co. 152 acres adjoining Alexander Ross's Patent land, 
and William Jolliffe Senr. on the Drains of Opeckon. March 11, 1761." 

' " Alexander Ross resided in Scotland, where his son John was born in 1637, 
and his grandson John Ross (the son of John) in 1658. The latter moved with 
his wife and five children to the city of Derby, Ireland, in 1689. He was in the 
battle of the Boyne." His son Alexander Ross (who probably was born in 
Scotland) migrated from Ireland and settled in the bounds of Chester Monthly 
Meeting early in the eighteenth century. In 1706 he married Catherine Cham- 
bers, of Chichester, Chester County, Pennsylvania. In 1713 he moved to 
Haverford, and in 1715 moved back to Chester, and from there went to New 
Garden Meeting and settled in that portion afterwards cutoff to form East Not- 
tingham Meeting in 1780. About the year 1731 he with other Friends obtained 
from Governor Gooch, of Virginia, a patent for seventy thousand acres of land 
in the valley of Virginia, which he located north, east, and west of the present 
town of Winchester. The minutes of East Nottingham Meeting tell of Alex- 
ander Ross having a vendue July 16, 1732, which was no doubt for the sale 


first record ' we have of him is found upon a single leaf of the old 
Hopewell Meeting record, all that was saved from the fire which 
destroyed the meeting-house and the records from the establish- 
ment of the Meeting until the year 1759. This minute of the 
Monthly Meeting bears date second month 4th, 1748 (the original 
to be found loose between the leaves of the earliest Hopewell 
records, now in the vault of the Hicksite meeting-house, Baltimore, 
Maryland.) It was seen and copied by me, and reads as follows: 
•'Alexander Eoss and his son George are appointed to inquire into 
William Jolliffe's conversation and what else may be needful and pre- 
pare a certificate to Middletown Monthly Meeting in Bucks county." 
" Evan Thomas and William Jolliffe Jr. having transgressed the 
rules of our Discipline have given in the following paper which the 
meeting having well considered of and hoping to be the truth from 

of his effects preparatory to his moving to Virginia. In these records I find 
Alexander Eoss asks for a meeting for worship at Opecquon, March 18, 1784, 
and such a meeting was granted after due deliberation, November, 1734-35. 
" Friends were requested to be unanimous in the choice of the place where such 
meetings were to be held and build their house." The first record we have of 
Hopewell Meeting is dated July, 1736, Simeon Taylor, clerk. Prior to this 
meetings were held at Friends' private residences, and marriages were per- 
formed at East Nottingham, one hundred and fifty miles away. Alexander 
Ross fixed his residence near what is now called Ross's Spring, one of the boldest 
clear cold limestone springs found in Virginia. (The Ross home was afterwards 
owned by Fayette Washington, a favored nephew of General George Washing- 
ton.) The meeting-house, built of logs on a hill near this spring from which 
water was obtained, stood on land granted for that purpose. This house served 
the early Friends as a place for worship until 1767, when it was destroyed by 
fire. The present stone meeting-house was then ordered to bo built, and was 
soon finished. In the year 1788 this house was greatly enlarged to accommo- 
date the Quarterly Meeting, then established. Alexander Ross used great dili- 
gence in settling his grant of land, large numbers of Friends from Pennsyl- 
vania and Maryland comijig to him, and many Scotch-Irish Presbyterians also 
from York and Lancaster Counties, Pennsylvania. These Friends mostly pur- 
chased their titles also from the Indians when they claimed the land. Alexander 
Ross died in 1748, and was buried at Hopewell ; his wife died in 1749. They left 
children, John, married Lydia Hollingsworth ; George, whose wife was Frances 

; David, who never married, died September 3, 1748; Mary, married John 

Littler (will dated August 13, 1748); Catherine, who never married; Lydia, 
married John Day, April 21, 1733 ; and Albenah, who married Evan Thomas. 
' "Aug. 4, 1747, Alexander Ross, William Jolliffe Senr., John Littler and 
James Wood gave a bond to Morgan Morgan as administrator of Joseph Bryans 
Estate." "About this time an enterprising man by the name of Alexander 
Ross obtained a warrant for 100,000 acres of land north and east of Winchester. 
His survej-s extended along the Opecquon Creek and Applepie Ridge. This 
tract was settled by Friends, and in 1735 they had regular Monthly Meetings." 


their hearts liave taken as satisfaction. ' We Evan Thomas Jr. and 
William Jolliffo Jr. both belonging to the Society of the Christian 
people called Quakers but through carelessness and unwatchfulness 
have suffered ourselves to be so far overcome with passion and 
anger which tended to fighting and quarreling with each other, for 
which action we acknowledge ourselves highly to blame, it being a 
breach of the known rules of our Discipline and being heartily 
sorry for it we do hereby publicly condemn the same, hoping with 
Divine assistance to be more careful and circumspect in our lives 
and conversation for the time to come. 

"Evan Thomas Jr. 
William Jolliffe Jr." 

This Evan Thomas, Jr.,^ was a son of Evan and Catherine Thomas, 
who came from East Nottingham, Pennsylvania, and settled on lands 
adjoining the elder William Jolliflfe and Alexander Ross. He after- 
wards raai-ried (before the year 1741) Albenah Eoss, second daughter 
of Alexander Eoss and sister of John Eoss,'' who married Lydia Hol- 

1 Evan Thomas, Jr., married Albenah Koss, youngest daughter of Alexander 
and Catherine Ross. (His father, Evan Thomas, Sr., moved with his wife 
Katherine to East Nottingham June 15, 1730; was a son of Samuel Thomas, of 
Anne Arundel County, Maryland, born 1655, died 1743, married May 15, 1688, 
Mary, daughter of Francis Hutchins, of Calvert County, Maryland. His father 
was Philip Thomas, whose wife was Sarah Harrison ; came to America from 
Bristol, England, and settled in Maryland in 1651 ; he died 1675 and his wife 
died 1687. His father was Evan Thomas, of Swansea, born 1580 and died 1650.) 
Evan Thomas, Sr., came to Virginia from East Nottingham, Pennsylvania, with 
Alexander Ross. He had moved from Goshen, Chester County, Pennsylvania, 
some years earlier. 

2 John Ross, son of Alexander Ross and Lydia Hollingsworth, both of 
Opecquon, in Virginia, passed meeting the first time August 18, 1735, at East 
Nottingham, Cecil County, Maryland. (Nine miles from Elkton the old brick 
meeting-house, the land, seven acres, given by Penn.) Passed second time 
September 15, 1735, Josiah Ballinger and Isaac Parkins to see the marriage 
properlj' performed. 

"John Ross, son of Alexander Ross to Lydia Hollingsworth, daughter of 
Stephen Hollingsworth, both of Orange County, Virginia, at a public meeting 
at Hopewell in Orange Co., Va., October 11, 1735. Witnessed by — 
"Abraham Hollingsworth |^ Alexander Ross 

Geo. Hollingsworth \ Katherine Ross 

John Neill Ann Hollingsivorth 

and 36 others Lydia Hollingsworth 

Margaret Hollingsworth 
Mary Littler 
Albenah Ross 
Hannah Hollingsworth." 


lingsworth, October 11, 1735. This John Eosa died 1748. His 
estate was inventoried by William Barrett, William Jolliffe, Jr., and 
William Dillon, and sworn before John Neill, Gent, (a brother of 
Lewis Neill the elder), January 18, 1748-49, Lydia Eoss adminis- 
tratrix. Early in September, 1750, William Jolliffe, Jr., married his 
widow, Lydia Eoss (jiee Hollingsworth). She was a daughter of 
Stephen Hollingsworth and Ann, his wife, a great-grand-daughter 
of Valentine Hollingsworth, who came to America with William 
Penn. She was a second cousin of the Lydia Hollingsworth who 
was then married to Lewis Neill. Lydia (Eoss) Jolliffe left children 
by her first husband, — viz., John Eoss, David Eoss, born September 
18, 1742, Stephen Eoss, and Alexander Eoss. By her second hus- 
band she left children as follows : John Jolliffe, born June 18, 1751 ; 
Phoeby Jolliffe, born December 15, 1752, who died when eighteen 
months old ; Gabriel Jolliffe (probably named after Gabriel Jones), 
born May 19, 1755 ; and Phoeby Jolliffe (second of this name), born 
February 12, 1758. The wife, Lydia Jolliffe, died December 30, 1759, 
and their son, Gabriel Jolliffe, December 22, 1762. " At a court held 
in Frederick County, Oct. 3, 1752, William Jolliffe, Jr. and Lydia his 
wife, guardian to Alexander Eoss, orphan of John Eoss, deceased, 
having produced an account of the estate of the said orphan in 

" David Ross (born 9th mo. 18, 1742) son of John Ross (who was son of Alex- 
ander Ross) and Lydia Hollingsworth his wife (daughter of Stephen Hollings- 
worth) to Catherine Thomas a daughter of Enos Thomas Dec. 20th 1770. Wit- 
nesses — 

" Phceby Thomas George Ross Henry Rees 

John Thomas Alexander Ross Edmund Jolliffe 

Alice Thomas Stephen Ross John Jolliffe 

f Evan Thomas and others Elizabeth Jolliffe." 

I Albenah Thomas 

"Phoeby Ross, daughter of David and Catherine (as above), to Johnathan 
Butcher of Alexandria, son of Johnathan and Ann, Sep. 4, 1806. 
" Witnesses — 
"Wm Jolliffe Catherine Ross 

Rebecca Jolliffe David Ross 

John Jolliffe Lydia Ross , 

Abel Neill Johnston Ross 

Rachel Neill Enos Ross." 

and others 

" Known in the family as Aunt Phceby Butcher." 

" Stephen Ross, son of John and Lydia Ross, moved to East Nottingham from 
Hopewell in 1758, and was apprenticed to his uncle John Day to learn the tan- 
ning business." 


their hands and solemnly affirmed to the same, they being of the 
people called Quakers, the same was admitted to record." It seems 
that both William Jolliffe and his wife wei'e strict members of the 
Friends' Society, well educated and prosperous, the wife inheriting 
from her father and first husband large land estates near Hopewell 
Meeting-House. William Jolliffe was a well-to-do merchant and 
miller, and possessed several large farms in his own right, acquired 
by grant from the Crown and Lord Fairfax and by purchase. His 
home at this time was known as the Red House, standing on a tract 
of land containing two hundred and thirteen acres, left by him at 
the time of his decease to his son John. The house stood a few 
rods south of the great Pennsylvania Highway, or old Indian or 
Pack-Horse Trail (now the Winchester and Martinsburg Turnpike^), 
six and one-half miles north of Winchester and just east of the 
Ross Spring Branch (now the Washington Spring Branch). Just 
west of and across the road stood his mill and storehouse afterwards 
bought from Colonel John NevilP and rebought from Fairfax. 
This mill received its power from Ross Spring Branch. This old 
Red House was a frame structure built by William Jolliffe on solid 
limestone foundations, with rived clapboards and wrought nails. 
It was a noted landmai'k, having been painted a bright red. In the 

^ " The old ford one mile below Shepherdstown was known for one hundred 
and fifty years as the ' Old Pack-Horse Ford.' It was the only crossing-place 
in the Potomac Kiver for many miles east and west of it. How long it has been 
used is a matter of conjecture, but it was the great fording-place for the Indians 
passing north and south long before the white man trod the soil. Here on both 
sides of the river occurred some of the bloodiest Indian battles. It was here, 
September 18, 1862, the One Hundred and Eighteenth Kegiment of Pennsylvania 
Volunteers (Corn Exchange) met such a bloody repulse ; the river was said to 
have run black with the floating bodies shot down in mid-stream from the Vir- 
ginia bank." 

'" John Neville, a son of Richard and Ann Burroughs, his wife, who was a 
cousin of Lord Fairfax, was born July 26, 1731, on the head-waters of Ocequon 
Creek, Virginia (Bull Run). He served in Braddock's War, and at its close 
settled near Winchester. Was a captain in Dunmore's War, 1774, and on the 
7th of August, 1775, marched with his company to Fort Pitt. He was chosen 
colonel of the Fourth Virginia Regiment during the Revolution, after the pro- 
motion of Adam Stephens. He married Winfred Oldham, who was born 1736 ; 
both he and his wife died near Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, where they resided the 
latter part of their lives. Their son Pressly Neville was born September 6, 
1755 ; was a captain in the Eighth Virginia Regiment during the Revolution ; 
married Nancy, daughter of General Daniel Morgan, and both died in Ohio." 

John Nevill was a direct descendant of the great Nevill family of England. 
His ancestors first settled in the county of Isle of Wight, Virginia. 







K\^ ^^ ;j\^ \N^ 


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yard was a deep well surrounded by shade trees. A modern frame 
structure now oceuj)ies the site. The old mill has entirely disap- 
peared, though I can well remember it as the stable of our cousin 
Meredith Jolliffe (just before the Civil War). "At a court held 
Nov. 9, 1758, William Jolliffe, Jr. was appointed overseer of the 
road from Cunningham's mill to Eobert Mosley's." This was one 
of the most important roads in the county, extending from Cedar 
Creek, fifteen miles south of Winchester, to Mosley's, some twenty 
miles north of Winchester, in what is now Berkley County, em- 
bracing the present Valley Turnpike. At that time only persons of 
position and influence were appointed to such offices. March 26, 
1759, he was appointed clerk of the Monthly Meeting of Hopewell, 
succeeding Jesse Pugh. This Meeting was established about the 
year 1735-36 in a log house near the present house. This building 
was destroj-ed by fire, and with it all the Meeting records, a loss that 
can never be repaired. "A committee to 'set the minutes in order 
for recording' was appointed in 1760, w^ho reported that one of the 
books being lost bj^ accident by fire they could not proceed any 
farther back than when William Jolliffe was clerk, to wit 26th of 
Third month 1759." About this time it was deemed necessary to 
build a new meeting-house, and July 23, 1759, " It was unanimously 
agreed that the meeting house going to be built be raised to two 
story high, and augmented three feet wider than was before agreed." 
This was the present stone house at Hopewell, which in 1788 was 
enlarged and added to (Abraham Hollingsworth and Lewis Neill 
working on the walls in person). 

At this time Lydia Jolliffe also appears to have acted as clerk of 
the Monthly Meeting. William Jolliffe continued to be clerk of the 
Meeting until his death, having filled for a period of eleven years 
that office during the most energetic and flourishing time of the 
Society's existence in Frederick County. The minutes were kept 
by him in a remarkably neat, clear, round hand, and give evidence 
of a person of culture and education above the average of his day 
and generation. The very first record in this old book was of a 
Meeting held at Hopewell Meeting-House March 26, 1759, at which 
time James Jolliffe, Thomas Babb, Jr., and John Mendinghall were 
disowned for some breach of the Society's discipline. This James 
Jolliffe was his brother. I find that at a meeting held November 9, 
1759, his brother Edmund Jolliffe requested to be admitted to mem- 
bership, and one month later, or December 24, 1759, his request was 
granted. On December 30, 1759, his wife, when about forty-one 
years old, died, and was buried at Hopewell gravej'ard. In the deed 


books of the county at Winchester I find, "November 13, 1751, 
George E,oss ti-ansferred about ten acres of land to Isaac HoUings- 
wortb, Evan Thomas, Jr. and Evan Eogers, for building a Quaker 
meeting house." This embraced the land now used for a graveyard 
as well as that on which the meeting-house stands. At a meeting 
held October 6, 1760, I find his step-son Alexander Ross was dis- 
owned for marrying out of meeting. "January 14, 1760, this Alex- 
ander Ross, son of John Ross, deceased, and grandson of Alexander 
Ross, deceased, sold to William Jolliffe, Jr. 220 acres of land being 
part of a tract of 2373 acres granted Alexander Ross their grand- 
sire by patent in Land Office Nov. 12, 1736. Witness — Joseph 
Lupton, Wm. Neill, Thomas Jones." ^ This land was willed to his 
son Edmund Jolliffe, and is now owned by our cousin Edward Jol- 
liffe. When about forty years old, April 9, 1761, William Jolliffe 
was married a second time to Elizabeth Walkei', daughter of Abel 
and Sinah Walker, of Frederick County, Virginia. This lady was 
born October 8, 1732, and was therefore twenty-nine years of age. 

" Whereas William Jolliffe Junior of Opeckon in the County of 
Frederick and Colony of Virginia and Elizabeth Walker of the Same 
place Daughter of Abel Walker and Sinah Walker Deed. Having 
Declared their Intentions of taking each other in Marriage before 
Several Monthly Meetings of the Christian People called Quakers 
at Opeckon aforesaid And having Consent of parents and parties 
concerned their said proposals of Marriage were allowed of by the 
Said Meeting: Now these are to Certifie whom it may concern that 
for the full accomplishing their said Intentions Upon the Ninth 
Day of the fourth Month in the Year One Thousand seven Hun- 
dred & Sixty One They the said William Jolliffe and Elizabeth 
Walker Appeared in a public Assembly of the said people & others 
met together at their public Meeting house at Opeckon aforesaid 
And the said William Jolliffe taking the said Elizabeth Walker by 
the hand Did in a Solemn Manner Openly Declare that he took 
the said Elizabeth Walker to be his wife promising with Divine 
Assistance to be unto her a loving & faithful Husband until Death 
should Separate them or words to that Effect. And then & there 
in the said Assembly the said Elizabeth Walker Did in like Manner 

1 " March 3, 1766, Geo Ross sold to William Jolliffe Jr (merchant) for £150 
two parcels of land on the main Eoad from William JoUiffe's to Winchester, 
being part of a greater tract granted Alexander Ross by pattent, containing 64 
acres 10 poles. Speaks of a purchase of a Stone House by William Jolliffe 
from John Neavil Esq. Witnesses John Shelling, Rich Rigg, John Nevill, 
Thomas Hide." 



Openly Declare that she took the said William Jolliffe to be her 
Husband promising with Divine Assistance to be unto him a Lov- 
ing & faithful wife until Death should Separate them or words to 
that Effect. Moreover the said William Jolliffe & Elizabeth Walker 
she according to the Custom of Marriage Assuming the Name of 
her Husband as a further Confirmation thereof Have unto these 
presents set their hands. 

" And we w^hose names are hereunder written being present at the 
Solemnization of the said Mai'riage & Subscription in manner afore- 
said Have as Witnesses thereunto subscribed our Names the Day & 
Year above written. 
" Esther Wright William Dillon 

Lydia Cunningham Henry Eees 

Albenah Thomas George Eoss 

Sarah Milburn Eduard Beeson 

Martha Nelson John Eidgeway 

George Cunningham 
James Stewart 
Alexander Eoss 
Eobert Bull 
Thomas Butterfield 
Evan Thomas 
Edward Dodd 
(Pages 7 and 8, Hopewell Marriage Eecords.) 

She was a member of Friends' Society and 
piety. They had children as follows : 

Edmund Jolliffe, born January 15, 1762 ; 

Mary Jolliffe, born May 13, 1763 ; 

Amos Jolliffe, born August 5, 1764 ; 

Lydia Jolliffe, born May 9, 1766 ; 

Elizabeth Jolliffe, born June 16, 1768 ; 

Gulielmo Jolliffe, born September 14, 1770. 

This last, a posthumous child, died January 21, 1773, and Edmund 
Jolliffe died May 8, 1778, when sixteen years old. 

William Jolliffe was a member of a committee of Friends ap- 
pointed to meet other Friends, March 22, 1767, at Curies, below 
Eichmond, to solicit the governor to remit the muster fines charged 
against Friends in Virginia. The same year he was appointed " to 
care for the meeting house in the room of David Eoss and make 
the fires one year from Second Month 2nd, and to be allowed 40 
shillings." By order of the General Assembly he was ordered as 
clerk of the meeting, December 7, 1767, to return to General Adam 

William Jolliffe Jun. 
Elizabeth Jolliffe 
Wm. Jolliffe Senr. 
James Jolliffe 
Edmund Jolliffe 
Abel Walker 
Lewis Walker 
Mordecai Walker 
Mary Campbell 
Sinah Walker 
Margaret Dorster 
Hannah Jolliffe." 

lady of exemplary 


Stephens a list of all Friends belonging to Hopewell Meeting. " At a 
meeting held Eighth Month 6th, 1770, Eobert Haines was appointed 
clerk in place of William Jollitfe deceased." During these years he 
was an active business man, and bought lands all around him from 
George Eoss, Colonel John Nevill, and Lord Fairfax. With the 
land bought from Colonel Nevill he acquired a large and handsome 
stuccoed stone house, that formei-ly stood on the west side of the 
Great Eoad a half-mile south of the Eed House. This property 
afterwards belonged to our cousin Meredith Jolliffe ; it was wan- 
tonly destroyed by fire during the Civil War. Here William Jol- 
liffe and his wife Elizabeth made their home, and it was in this 
house that some of the exiled Friends of the Eevolution were so 
hospitably entertained by his widow ; and here one of their number, 
the good old Quaker minister John Hunt, died March, 1778, and was 
buried at Hopewell.^ After a well-spent, active Christian life filled 
with good deeds, William Jolliffe died April 18, 1770, when fifty 
years of age. His remains rest in Hopewell Burying-Ground 
beside those of his wife Lydia. 

His widow Elizabeth Jolliffe survived him thirteen years, and 
died about the year 1783, aged fifty-one. She was an elder in the 
Meeting, and was often chosen to represent the Monthly Meeting at 
the Quarterly Meetings; at that time held alternately at Fairfax, 
Loudoun County, Virginia, and at Warrington, York County, Penn- 
sylvania. She attended these meetings on horseback though the 
distance was long, Fairfax being thirty miles from her home and 
Warrington not less than one hundred and twenty miles. The 
road to the latter w^as by the old Indian Trail over the Potomac 
Eiver at the old Pack-Horse Ford, one mile below Shephardstown, 
Virginia. It was not until the year 1787 that Quarterly Meetings 
were established at Hopewell. 

1 " A message was sent us from E. Jolliffe's that our friend John Hunt, who 
had been confined to his bed for several days, was much worse ; being suddenly- 
seized with a pain in his leg, which rendered it entirely useless, and greatly 
alarmed the family." " Went out to David Brown's where we received an un- 
favorable account of John Hunt : mortification had begun in his leg, and made 
such progress that an amputation of his limb was the only means of arresting 
it." William Smith rode all night for Dr. General Stephens to perform the 
operation. The operation was performed the 22d, by Drs. Mackey and Stephens. 
After the wound was dressed, one of the surgeons remarked to him, " Sir, you 
have behaved like a hero," to which he mildly replied, " I have endeavored to 
bear it like a Christian." He died March 31, 1778, at ten o'clock in the morning. 
He was buried April 2, during a violent rain-storm, in the presence of a very 
large company of Friends and others. 


The personal estate of William Jolliffe was appraised b}- John 
Eees, John Smith, Joseph Day, and Edward Beeson, May 7, 1777, 
at four hundred and eighty-three polinds three shillings. Among 
the items were his silver watch, two pairs silver buckles, silver 
snuff-box with tortoise-shell top, gold sleeve-buttons, riding-chair, 
and one year and eight months' servitude of a man's time, rifles, 
guns, etc., and sundry books. Elizabeth JoUiffe's personal estate 
was appraised, September, 1783, by Peter Babb, Jonathan Wright, 
and Isaac Brown for three hundred and thirty-eight pounds eleven 
shillings and sixpence. William JoUiffe's will bears date January 15, 
1769, with a codicil bearing date January 24, 1770. He disposes of 
his estates, amounting to eleven hundred acres of land, and orders 
his other property sold and divided among his children. His 
negroes he orders shall be set free at their attaining the age of 
eighteen years. 


Family Record of James Jolliffe and Hamiah Springer, 
his wife. Married 1760. 

James Jolliffe, son of William and Phceby Jolliffe, came to the 
valley of Virginia with his father in the early part of the eigh- 
teenth centurj'. He early in life joined the Society of Friends, but 
was disowned March 26, 1759, What the fault was cannot now be 
determined, though I presume it was for marrying a person not of 
the Society. The old Meeting records for the twenty-four years 
from the organization of Hopewell Meeting until 1759 that were 
destroj'ed would have given us much information about James Jol- 
liffe. He married in 1760 Hannah, grand-daughter of Dennis 
Springer, who had a grant of lands from Lord Fairfax, of date 
November 4, 1754, situated on Back Creek, near Dillon's land, and 
locally known as the Hog Bottom, because of the abundance of 
wild pea vines that attracted large droves of wild hogs to the lo- 
cality.^ His father William Jolliffe, September 5, 1769, bought of 
Josiah Springer, father of Hannah Jolliffe, one hundred and seven 
acres of the above grant and gave it to him. He also bad a farm 
of one hundred and fifty acres of land situated sixty-five miles 

1 " James Jolliffe and Hannah, grand-daughter of Dennis and Ann Springer, 
were married near Winchester, Va., and shortly after moved to near Uniontown, 
Pa., where he remained up to the time of his death, which occurred about the 
year 1771. His remains were interred in the Old Cemetery near Uniontown, 
Pa. His widow subsequently married Charles Harryman about the year 1773, 
by whom she had one son, Job Harryman, born Feb. 23, 1774. (The record of 
this family is copied from their Family Bible, which was printed in Edinburgh, 
Scotland, in the year 1745. Said Bible is now in possession of Oliver P. Jol- 
liffe.) Their children were : 

" William Jolliffe, born May 30, 1761. 
Ann Jolliffe, born August 15, 1762. 
Drew Jolliffe, born September 2, 1764. 
Elizabeth Jolliffe, born June 16, 1766. 
John Jolliffe, born July 6, 1768. 
Margaret Jolliffe, born October 23, 1770. 

" It appears from his will that his children. Drew, Elizabeth, and Margaret, 
were dead when it was drawn, Aug. 27th, 1771. His daughter Ann never mar- 
ried. Of his son John I have no record." 


from Winchester (near Uniontown, Pennsylvania, then Eedstone), 
where he resided in 1768, for I find in the court records at Win- 
chester that "James and Edward Bush, deputy sheriffs, paid James 
Jolliffe 1150 pounds of tobacco for attendance on court 65 miles four 
times. May 3, 1768." 

In his will, after providing for the payment of his debts and 
funeral charges, he leaves the land he purchased of Josiah Springer, 
containing one hundred and seven acres, and one hundred and fifty 
acres survej^ed with David Euble, to be equally divided between his 
two sons, William and John, his wife to have the furniture and the 
use of the plantation on w^hich they then reside so long as she 
remain his widow. He desires his son William and daughter Ann 
be bound out to learn useful trades. His brother, Sadock Springer, 
and his wife to execute this will, dated August 2, 1771, and proven 
November 5, 1771, at Winchester. James Jolliffe and his wife 
Hannah were both at Hopewell Meeting when his brother William 
married Elizabeth Walker, April 9, 1761, and they signed the mar- 
riage certificate. In the deed books of Frederick County I find 
that "Aug. 4, 1761, Wm. Jolliffe Jr. and James Jolliffe sold to Inno- 
cent Bogoth, John Chennowith and AVilliam Chen no with, executors 
of John Bogoth deed. 500 acres of land formerly owned by Wm. 
Jolliffe Sr. and adjoining the lands of Alexander Eoss Sr. deed, for 
220 pounds current money. 

Wm. Jolliffe [seal] 

"Jesse Pugh -^ Elizabeth Jolliffe [seal] 

Benj. Sutton V Witness James Jolliffe [seal] 

John Cubly j Hannah Jolliffe." [seal] 

This property was at one time in the possession of the father, 
William Jolliffe. From this deed it appears to have been conveyed 
by him to his sons, William and James, and by them sold during 
his lifetime. This, no doubt, was done to provide for his children. 

He seems to have been a man of strong religious feeling, and, 
though not possessed of much of this world's goods, left a fair name 
behind him. His descendants are very numerous, having settled 
in West Virginia and Pennsylvania; from there some moved to 
Ohio and then west.^ 

Of Edmund Jolliffe, son of William and Phoeby Jolliffe, we know 

1 See an interesting little publication printed at Morgantown, West Virginia, 
1878: "Family Kecord and Genealogy of the Jolliff Family, from the Year 
1760 to 1878 inclusive. By Oliver P. Jolliff and James Watson." 



very little. By request he was admitted to the Society of Friends, 
December 24, 1759. That he continued to bo an active member of 
tliis people I have every reason to believe. He never married, and 
died when comparatively a young man. The records of Hopewell 
Meeting were so carefully kept after 1759 that had he married a 
record of it would undoubtedly have appeared; nor can I find in 
the court records anything relating to him. That he commended 
himself to his brother William is abundantly shown by the fact of 
his having named a son after him. He was present at the marriage 
of William Jolliflfe to Elizabeth Walker, 1761, and signed the mar- 
riage certificate. I am strongly inclined to believe that William and 
Phceby JoUiff'e also had a son, John Jolliffe,^ who settled on the 
frontier, in what is now Hampshire County, and that he married 
and left children, one of whom was a Baptist minister named Abner. 
The fact that William JoUiff'e named his first child John when his 
father's name was William would seem to indicate that he had a 
favorite brother bearing that name. James Jollifte also named one 
of his sons John. 

" Elder Abner Jolliff (born about 1750 or 1751 ; his father about 
the year 1725 — Ed.), who lived and died in Barren County, Ken- 
tucky, was born in Greenbrier County, Virginia, and came of an 
English family of Norman descent, who settled in Virginia in the 
seventeenth century; his four sons, Abner, Kichard, James, and 
Elijah, and three daughters, Eachel, Elizabeth, and Jehoida, emi- 
grated to Illinois in the early days and settled in Jefferson, Clinton, 
Marion, and Washington Counties, where they now have a large 
number of descendants. 

"Abner, the oldest son, in 1824, settled about three miles north of 
the present town of Eichview, Washington County ; raised a large 
family, nearly all now dead ; his son Richai-d was somewhat noted 
as a Baptist preacher of promise, and died young. 

" Eichard, the second son, settled the same year near his brother, 
both being on the old Vincennes trace ; raised a large family, and 
his son Jacob, born on the claim the first year of the sojourn of the 
family in this State, yet owns and occupies the old homestead, one 
of the finest farms in Southern Illinois. Elizabeth, his oldest 
daughter, married an Englishman named Edward Eussell ; their 
sons, Thomas and J. K. Eussell, are well-known citizens of Wasb- 

• " Among the early settlers of AVheeling, Virginia, was a Daniel Jolliffe, 
whose family were murdered by the Indians and a young son taken prisoner, 
June 8th, 1792. A probable descendant of John Jolliffe." 


ington County. Martha, his second daughter, married Eeece Wil- 
liams and raised a large family, and surviving her husband, now 
lives in Texas with her children. James E., the oldest son, lives 
near Fort Scott, and was a soldier in the Mexican War, in Captain 
Coffee's company of Colonel Bissell's regiment (Second) Illinois 
Volunteers. Aaron, the second son, lived and died near the old home 
farm in Washington County ; was a soldier in Company C, Four- 
teenth Eegiment United States Infantry, during the Mexican War. 
His daughter, Mrs. T. B. Affleck, resides in Eichview. Abner, the 
third son, was drowned when a young man, in crossing Grand-Point 
Creek when the stream was in a swollen condition. Eichard, the 
fourth son, married Elizabeth Taylor, daughter of Press. Taylor, 
a well-known pioneer of Washington County ; was a soldier in the 
war of the Eebellion, in Company B, Sixty-second Illinois Infantry, 
and died at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, August 2, 1864. Jacob, the fifth 
son, the youngest and only surviving member of his father's large 
family, was born February 5, 1825, on the farm he now lives on and 
owns, one mile south of Irvington, Washington County, at the 
crossing of the Illinois Central Eailroad over the old Yincennes 
and Kankaskia trace ; married Elizabeth Willard, and has a fam- 
ily of four sons and one daughter, who have all survived their 

" Colonel James, the third son, settled about the year 1828 on 
Crooked Creek, Clinton County, a few miles southwest of the present 
city of Centralia, and built a water-mill, about 1830, on that stream 
near the site of Sherwood's horse-mill, erected in 1817 ; was a Virginia 
soldier in the War of 1812, and with his brother-in-law, James Ehea, 
served with Perry on Lake Erie, being among the contingent of 
one hundred and fifty men furnished by General Harrison to Com- 
modore Perry to complete the crews in his fleet ; both were after- 
wards engaged in the battle of the Thames, September 17, 1813, 
where the celebrated Indian chief Tecumseh was killed. They were 
both celebrated Indian-fighters in the early days of the Northwest. 
Colonel Jolliff was twice married and left numerous descendants. 
His oldest son was Jackson Jolliff. Eeuben W. Jolliff, his second 
son, was captain of Company G, Eleventh Illinois Infantry, in the 
war of the Eebellion, his younger brother, Samuel A., being second 
lieutenant of the same company, who, with his brother Abner, are 
now living in Patoka, Marion County. Colonel Jolliff' s daughter, 
Elizabeth, married E. Orvis, and lives near the old Jolliff mill 
in Clinton County, where they have raised a numerous familj-. 
Another son, Elijah, served in Company B, Sixty-second Illinois 


Yolunteer Infantry, in the Eebellion, and died at Pine Bluflf, 
Arkansas, July 28, 1864. 

" Elijah, fourth son, settled in Jefferson County in the spring of 
1825; bad previously married in Kentucky, and had several children ; 
was accidentally killed, Christmas, 1832, at the home of , in Jef- 
ferson County, by his nephew, Caj^tain James Ehea, a tow wad from 
a Christmas gun severing the femoral artery. Two of his sons, 
Eandall and William, and his daughter Elizabeth, married to James 
Willard, live in Oregon County, Missouri. Elijah Jolliff, his third 
son, lives near Irvington, Washington. 

"Eachel, the oldest daughter, born in Greenbrier County, Virginia, 
October 16, 1783; married November 20, 1801, James Ehea, born in 
the same county, June 3, 1780; moved to Barren County, Kentucky ; 
had ten children ; then moved to Jefferson County, Illinois, to the 
old Ehea place, four miles northeast of Eichview, in 1824, where 
their youngest child, Thomas F., was born, July 28 ; in 1827 James 
Ehea and most of his family moved to Island Grove township, in 
Sangamon County, where he died in 1843, his widow in 1851. Of 
their children, the oldest was Elizabeth, born in 1802, in Barren 
County, Kentucky, and married thereto George May; emigrated 
from thence with their parents first to Jefferson County, then to 
Sangamon ; moved afterwai'ds to Mason County, where she died ; 
her husband and children then moved to Gentry County, Missouri. 
The oldest son was James, who was born August 27, 1804 ; married 
in Jefferson County, Illinois, in 1826, Susan Mattox ; was a soldier 
in Captain Bowman's company in the Black Hawk War; a captain 
of militia in 1832-33; after killing his uncle accidentally in 1832 
moved near Little Eock, Arkansas, in the fall of 1834, and died 
there in 1840, leaving a widow and three children. William, the 
second son, born March 10, 1807 ; married December 11, 1828, Susan 
Foutch, in Sangamon County ; had twelve children, nine of whom 
lived to maturity; and died February 8, 1860 ; his widow lives near 
New Berlin, Illinois. Eichard, the third son, born January 14, 1809 ; 
married to Eliza Ehea and had three children ; when he died his 
widow married William Etheridge, and moved to Iowa. Jehoida, 
born October 11, 1813; married, in Sangamon County, John Foutch 
in 1827, and had four children, and died about fifteen years ago. 
Eachel died at the age of ten. John, born July 14, 1817 ; married 
November, 14, 1839, Julia A. Stark, born June 21, 1823, in Eutland, 
Vermont ; they had seven children, and with their children and 
descendants, live near New Berlin, Sangamon County. Mahala, 
born April 25, 1820; married, in Sangamon County, Joseph Pulsifer; 


had twin sons, Kevo and Nevi, who are married and live in Gentry 
County, Missouri; their mother died soon after their birth, and 
their father disappeared, it is thought was murdered for money 
while on a business trip to St. Louis. Mary A., born October 27, 
1S22; died April 28, 1851 ; married E. E. Alsbury; had one child, 
Lucinda, who married James Shuff. Thomas F. Ehea, the 5''oungest 
son, born in Jefferson County ; married October 3, 1844, Lucinda 
Wilcox ; has five children living, all daughters ; is a stock-raiser 
and dealer at New Berlin, Sangamon County. 

" Elizabeth, second daughter, is a most noted pioneer matron of 
Southern Illinois; was born in Greenbrier Count3% Virginia, about 
1803, and is now over eighty years of age ; was married in Virginia 
to John Faulkner, a member of the celebrated family of that ilk 
which has furnished Virginia many able men, one of whom was 
governor of that State ; shortly after their marriage they moved to 
Kentuck}', and afterwards to Illinois, settling near her brothers, 
Abner and Eichard, in 1830, where Mr, Faulkner soon afterwards 
erected a horse-mill, which furnished the settlers in that region 
their bread for many a year. This couple raised a numerous and 
historic family, and the husband and father died in 1853. Mrs. 
Faulkner still lives with her son Abner on her old homestead, where 
her family of thirteen were, some of them, born and all raised to 
maturity. John, the oldest son, was a Baptist preacher, and died 
young. Catherine, the oldest daughter, married Matthew Pate, 
and died many years ago ; her son, John Pate, of Jefferson County, is 
a well-known lawyer, who formerly resided at Eichview. Eichard, 
the second son, died some yeai's before the war, leaving a family. 
Aaron also reared a family on Grand-Point, and died some years 
ago. Elizabeth married L. B. Baldwin, who lived at Irvington, 
and had raised a large and interesting family, among whom is E. D. 
Baldwin, a successful farmer of Irvington township. Gilbert, the 
fourth son, was a soldier in Captain Coffee's Company A, Colonel 
Bissell's regiment (Second Illinois), in the Mexican War, and now 
lives near the old homestead in Washington County. Margaret 
married Meg. Taylor, and lives in Kansas. James, the fifth son, 
died before the late war; although married he left no descendants; 
was of large stature, as were all the Faulkner and JoUiff families. 
Abner, the sixth son, was a soldier in Company B, Sixty-second 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and lives with his family at the old 
homestead, a mile south of Irvington, on the Illinois Central Eail- 
road, and cares for his aged mother. Alexander, the seventh son, 
who was first sergeant in Company B, Sixty-second Illinois Volun- 


teer Infantry, in the war of the Rebellion, lives near, and has a 
wife and several children. Charles J., the youngest son, was also 
a soldier in the war of the Eebellion, in Company F, Forty-fourth 
Illinois Infantry, and died since the war. Angeline married Clark 
"W. Mitchell, a soldier in Company B, Sixty-second Illinois Infantry, 
and with her husband lives near Irvington. Caroline, the youngest 
daughter, married Jackson Trout, and died a few years since in 
Irvington, where her husband still resides. 

" Jehoida, the youngest daughter, married Enoch Holsclaw in 
Kentucky, and afterwards removed to Illinois, settling near Mount 
Vernon, in Jefferson County, from whence they again removed to 
Clinton County, near the town of Central City, where both died 
many years ago, leaving numerous descendants." — J. H. G. 


Family Record of John JoUiffe and Mary Dragoo, his 
wife. Married 1774. 

John JoUiffe, born February 21, 1775 ; 
William JoUiffe, born September 21, 1776. 

John JoUiffe, eldest son of William and Lydia JoUiffe, was born 
at the Eed House, in Frederick County, Virginia, June 18, 1751. 
His parents were Friends, and he therefore had a birth membership 
in that Society. When a small boy Braddock's War began and 
Winchester became a garrison town. From that time until he was 
twelve years of age war raged along the frontier, and the inhabi- 
tants were kept in a state of alarm. From his twelfth to his 
twenty-second year they enjoyed a profound peace, but were rudely 
awakened by the breaking out of Dunmore's War, and that county 
became again the head-quartei*s of the Virginia troops. In these 
wars his near neighbors took a prominent part ; among them was 
Colonel John Nevill, who lived during Braddock's War upon an 
adjoining farm, which he sold to John Jolliffe's father, William, and 
then moved to the present site of Martinsburg. Colonel Nevill was 
a captain in Dunmore's War, having raised a company from among 
his neighbors in this part of the valley. It was not strange, then, 
that the boys reared in such a community, notwithstanding their 
peace principles, should have been impressed with a desire to become 
soldiers and join the armies. John JoUiffe was carefully raised and 
well educated b}' his parents, trained as a merchant and merchant 
miller, and therefore must have been well known to all his neigh- 
bors for miles around, the mill and store being for such communi- 
ties the gathering-place for the citizens to gossip and get the news. 
That he attended meeting regularly at Hopewell is evinced by his 
having signed marriage certificates of numerous friends and rela- 
tions. When he was but eight years of age his mother, Lydia 
JoUiffe, died, and less than two years later his father married Eliza- 
beth Walker, 1761. This circumstance had much to do with his 
after-life, depriving him of the personal care of a mother's love and 
tender sympathy. His father died in 1770, when he was nineteen 
years old. 

When he was not quite twenty years of age the Meeting at Hope- 


well charged him with having attended a horse-race and fighting, 
and dealt with him accordingly. For this offence he was disowned 
March 3, 1772. This document reads as follows : 

" Whereas John Jolliffe has been educated in the Christian Ee- 
ligion as a believer in and professed by the people called Quakers, 
but giving way to a libertine spirit hath suffered himself to bo 
guilty of fighting, and being at a horse race in a public company 
for which he has been tenderly dealt with by the Overseers and 
others, but their labor of Love not having the desired effect and he 
still persisting in his undue liberties, which is quite contrary to the 
truths of our discipline, we can do no less for the clearing of the 
truth and discouraging of such liberties than testify against him, 
the said John Jolliffe, and do hereby disown him to be any longer a 
member of our Society until he comes to a sense of his disorderl}' 
walking and make satisfaction for the same, which that he may is 
desired on his behalf Signed in and by order of our monthlj^ meet- 
ing of Hopewell held the 3d of the 2nd mo. 1772 by 

Benjamin Thornburg, 


The spring of the year 1774 he was married by a Methodist 
minister to a beautiful girl, Mary Dragoo, daughter of Peter Dragoo, 
who was a farmer of his neighborhood. His father having moved 
with his family into the propei-ty acquired from Colonel Nevill, and 
he having acquired b}^ will the Eed House propertj-, he here fixed 
his home. 

In the court records at Winchester I find, "Aug. 4, 1774, John 
Jolliffe bought of Conrad Glendon for £100 two horses and one colt, 
one feather bed and furniture, sundiy wagon-makers' tools, one 
woman's saddle, 100 gallons of rum, all in James Gamell Dowdell's 
store in Winchester." This was a sheriff's sale, and was no doubt 
attended by John Jolliffe for the purpose of laying in a supply of 
house-keeping effects, Dunmore's War had now begun and the 
country was greatly agitated. Captain Nevill marched with his 
company, August 7, 1775, to Fort Pitt (Pittsburg). " For more than 
fifty years the mother country had oppressed her American colonies 
by iniquitous laws, which exasperated the people and kept them 
impoverished, respectful protest had been disregarded until the 
people could bear no more, and from one end of the country to the 
other were to bo heard mutterings of a coming storm. 

" In the face of this agitation Parliament passed the famous 


Stamp Act, which was hurled into the teeth of the long-suifering 
colonists. The storm instantly burst forth with a fury that was 
then beyond the control of England to abate, and shortly swept 
awa}' in its rage every vestige of royalty. Men sprang to arms as 
if by magic." 

Among the very first to take up arms were two companies from 
the lower valley.^ The captain of one of these was General Dan- 
iel Morgan, who started with his company from Winchester, July 
14, 1775, to join Washington in front of Boston. Colonel Nevill, 
returning from Fort Pitt, immediately organized a company of the 
Fourth Virginia Regiment in Frederick and Berkley Counties. The 
Virginia convention of 1775, by its Committee of Safety, appointed 
him captain. John Xevill was promoted December 11, 1777, to be 
colonel of this regiment, and his son Presly Nevill, a lad of twenty 
years, was captain in the Eighth Regiment. Among the captains 
of the Fourth were Andrew Waggoner, William Gibbs, John Steed, 
Peter Higgins, Robert Higgins, and John Jolliffe, all young men. 
Robert Higgins afterwards became lieutenant-colonel of the regi- 
ment. The uniform worn was a black three-cornered felt hat, a 
blue cloth coat, red waistcoat, and yellow linsey knee-breeches. 
These men were at once put into service, and participated in most 
of the battles of that long war. Early in the year 1776 John Jol- 
liffe seems to have been at home on a furlough, and at that time 
wrote his will, March 22, 1776, in which he speaks of himself as 
being in good health. Returning to the army, he was stationed 
with his regiment at Suffolk, Vii-ginia, until sent with their then 
colonel, Adam Stephens, to Washington's army before New York. 
With them he participated in the engagements and skirmishes of 
the American arm}^ during that eventful year. " Throughout the 
campaign of 1776 an uncommon degree of sickness raged in the 
American army. Husbandmen, transferred at once from the con- 
veniences of domestic life to the hardships of a field encampment, 
could not accommodate themselves to the sudden change. The 
Southern troops sickened from want of salt provisions." " Great 
difficulty was found in supplying the men with arms, tents, or even 
suitable hospital accommodations. The system of electing officers 

1 " Virginia raised in the beginning of the War, Fifteen Continental regi- 
ments of about 800 men, besides three State regiments of regular troops, not 
subject to be ordered out of the State. Besides these were Lee's Legion, com- 
posed of two companies of cavalry and two of infantry : a regiment of artillery 
under Col. Harrison ; Col. Taylor's and Col. Bland's regiments of cavalry and 
the corps of horses raised by Col. Nelson." 



by ballot among the men prevailed, and many of the officers were 
inefficient. Discipline was not rigidly enforced, and the terms of 
enlistment were short. Yet this incoherent ragged army always 
presented a bold front to the enemy. During the winter movements 
the soldiers of both armies underwent great hardships. Many of 
them were without shoes though marching over frozen ground, and 
each step was marked with blood. There was scarcely a tent in the 
whole army. To add to their miseries the small-pox broke out in the 
winter camps around Morristown, New Jersej', and proved mortal 
to many. Orders were issued to innoculate every one, and as few 
of them had ever had the small-pox, the innoculation was nearly 
universal. This reduced the mortality notwithstanding whole regi- 
ments were innoculated in a day ; and the disorder was rendered so 
slight that, from the beginning to the end of it, there was not a 
single day in which if called upon they would not have turned out 
and fought the British." " Officers and men were quartered among 
the inhabitants during this terrible time, who were also innoculated 
by order of the authorities." Among the victims of this dreadful 
scourge at this time was Captain John Jolliffe, who died in his 
twenty-sixth year. In his will, which was drawn up before the 
birth of his second son, William Jolliffe, he makes the following 
provision. After leaving all his lands to his son John and providing 
for his wife during her life, he speaks of his unborn child, "not 
knowing whether it would be a boy or girl," provides for a legacy 
of four hundred and fifty pounds, to be paid when he or she attained 
the age of twenty-one, by John Jolliffe ; and also leaves one slave to 
this child. This will was presented to court May 6, 1777, and 
proved by the oaths of John Eeynolds and Thomas Edmondson, 
two of the witnesses thereto, and William Gibbs and Mar^^ Jolliffe 
gave bond as executor and executrix. His personal estate was ap- 
praised May 26, 1778, by John Littler, Thomas Balwin, and George 
Bruce. Among the items were the following: "One Regimental 
Coat and Red weseoat, one Surtoot Coat, one Hunting Shirt, one 
Regimental Hat, three pair of breeches," etc., together with all 
kinds of farm and household furniture ; also a walnut chest, two 
square walnut tables, a corner cupboard, one large old chest, copper 
tea-kettle, two flax wheels, sundry pewter plates, bowls, and such 
like of the old-time articles we read about and long since discarded. 
He was evidently fond of hunting, as he also leaves sundry rifles, 
guns, powder-horns, bullet-moulds, etc., and sixteen horses. The 
total value was placed at five hundred and ninety-one pounds four- 
teen shillings and seven pence. 


It was not until the spring of 1776 that Congress organized the 
Continental troops ; prior to that time all oflScers served under the 
State establishments. To these soldiers the various States oifered 
bounties, extra paj^, etc. Virginia was most liberal to her sons in 
this respect, the Legislature passing various laws on the subject. 
Possessing vast tracts of wild land in her western territory, she 
located her military grants in these lands. (Congress also gave 
liberally of these wild lands. In 1788 four million one hundred 
and eighty-five thousand acres had been granted.) The heirs of 
Captain John Jolliffe were given by the State of Virginia for his 
services a certain tract of first-rate land situate in the Northwest- 
ern Territory of the United States, upon the waters of the Scioto 
Eiver, containing two thousand six hundred and sixty-six and two- 
thirds acres, which land was located by virtue of a Military War- 
rant No. 825, and is thus described by the certificate of Eichard 
Anderson, to wit: "August 2nd, 1787: John Jolliffe (Heir) enters 
26661 acres of land a military warrant ' No. 825' on the Sciota 
Eiver at the first fort above the old Chilicothe Town which Town 
is about seven miles from a place called Camp Charlotte, to run 
up the river from the junction 400 poles when reduced to a straight 
line and from the same beginning 400 poles down the river when 
reduced to a straight line thence off Westerly with the general 
course of the same at right angles per quantity." ' The town of 
Chillicothe covers this land now. 

Captain John Jolliffe* left two sons, — John, born February 21, 

^ Warrant No. 825 reads as follows : 

" Council Chamber, June 14th, 1783. 

" I do certify that the Eepresentative of John Jolliffe deed is entitled to the 

proportion of Land allowed a Lieutenant of the Virginia Continental Line for 

three years' service. 

"Benjamin Harrison. Thos. Merriweather. 

"A warrant for 2666| acres issued to John Jolliffe Heir at Law to John 
Jolliffe deed June 14th 1783." (Book No. 1, page 163.) 

=* An aged member of the family (Rachel Neill Williams) related to my 
sister an anecdote of this Captain John Jolliffe. On one occasion he and two 
of his brother officers rode up to the house of an old woman in the mountains 
and asked her to get dinner for them. "While they were there the old woman 
showed them some puppies ; she went down a trap-door to the cellar and handed 
them up. As the first was passed they asked its name, and she replied, " Cap- 
tain," the second the same, and when the third was passed with the same reply, 
" Captain," they exclaimed, " Why, Mrs. B., do you give all your dogs the same 
name?" " Oh, any puppy dog can be a captain nowadays," was her rejoinder. 
They had not perceived the neat little trap into which she was leading them. 


1775, and William, born September 21, 1776. The younger was 
born whilst Captain Jolliffe was in the army, and was never seen 
by him. He is said to have been a tall, handsome man, with very 
pleasant manners. His widow, Mary, subsequently married Cap- 
tain John Steed,^ of the Fourth Yirginia Eegiment, a resident of 
Berkley County. He survived the war a number of years, living 
on his military grant at Sir John's Eun, Hampshire County, "Vir- 
ginia. They had no children. Captain Steed was a Methodist elder 
during the latter part of his life. He was a personal friend of Cap- 
tain Jolliffe and also of the eccentric Major-General Charles Lee, 
who often visited at his house. 

1 " Capt. John Stead, a supernumerary of the Fourth Eegiment of Virginia, 
Chesterfield arrangement, Feb. 1, 1781." " In a list of officers for whose Revo- 
lutionary Services Virginia Land Warrants were issued prior to Dec. 31, 1784, 
the following among officei-s other than Generals and Colonels, viz. : Peter 
Higgins, Eobert Higgins, Samuel Hogg, John Jolliffe, Gabriel Jones, John 
Steed, &c." (Saffell.) 


Family Record of Phoeby JoUifiFe and Mordecai Yarnell, 
her husband. Married April 5, 1775. 

Phoeby Jolliffe, fourth child of William and Lydia Jolliffe, was 
born at the Eed House, Frederick Countj", Yirginia, February 12, 
1758. Her sister Phoeby died when eighteen months old, and her 
brother Gabriel when seven years old. She was named after her 
paternal grandmother. Born a member of the Society of Friends, 
she was carefully educated in that faith. When only one year old 
her mother died, and her father married again when she was three 
years of age. At the age of twelve she lost her father. By both 
her father and mother she was left independent property. She 
continued living with her step-mother until her marriage when sev- 
enteen years old, April 5, 1775, to Mordecai Yarnell. He was a 
grandson of Francis Yarnell, who came from England in 1684 and 
settled in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. " He [Francis Yarnell] 
was a member of the Society of Friends and a man of great influ- 
ence in the early colony of Pennsylvania. In 1686 he married 
Hannah Baker, by whom he had nine children." ^ 

Mordecai Yarnell was not a member of the Society of Friends, 
and for marrying him Phoeby Jolliffe was disowned April 5, 1775. 
In the Hopewell Meeting records I find that Phoeby (Jolliffe) 
Yarnell requested to be reinstated in her membership May 2, 1787, 

^ "Francis Yarnell of Stone Creek Head and Hannah Baker were married 
in 1686, lived some time in Springfield, Chester Co., Pa. He died in 1721 in 
Willistown, Chester County. Children were, Sarah, born May 28, 1687, mar- 
ried William Askew ; John, born Oct. 24, 1688 ; Peter, born Aug. 20, 1691 ; 
Moses, born October, 1692 ; Francis, born Dec. 24, 1694 ; Joseph, born May 13, 
1697; Amos, born Jan. 28, 1700; Daniel, born July 1, 1703; and Mordecai, 
born July 11, 1705. Mordecai Yarnell, son of Francis, was a Friends' minis- 
ter 1731. He resided in Willistown until 1741, when he moved to Philadelphia. 
He married in 1733 Catherine Meredith, by whom he left Sarah, Ellen, Hannah, 
and Catherine. In the year 1745 he married for second wife Mary Koberts, 
and by her had children, Mary, Mordecai Edward, Lydia, Ann, Elizabeth, 
Peter, Deborah, and Jane. Peter Yarnell, his son, became a noted doctor in the 
Revolutionary service. He was made an M.D. February, 1779. In the later 
years of his life he lived in Montgomery Co., Pa., and died in 1798, aged 45. 
His brother Mordecai as above moved to Virginia, and in 1775 married Phoeby 
Jolliife and removed to Wheeling, Va., where he died." 


and that she was so admitted July 2, 1787 ; that she removed to the 
bounds of Crooked Enn Meeting above Winchester, May 1, 1789 ; 
that she signed the marriage certificate of a number of her friends 
and relations. In the court records of "Winchester I find that 
Mordecai Yarnell and Phoeby, his wife, sold March 8, 1780, two 
hundred and fifty-five acres of land on Babbs Creek to Thomas 
Ferrell.^ After this they moved to Wheehng, West Virginia, and 
settled. John Yarnell, of Wheeling, writing to his cousin William 
Jolliffe, Januar}' 22, 1807, speaks of the death of his aunt Higgins. 
He sends the love of his mother, sisters, and brother (Peter). She 
was then forty-nine years of age. We have no record of her death. 
She left two sons "^ and several daughters. Her family were promi- 
nent people in Wheeling, and several members were soldiers on 
both sides in the Civil War, serving with their commands in the 
valley of Virginia, and often visited at the Jolliffe house near 

Edmund Jolliffe, eldest child of William Jolliffe and Elizabeth 
Walker, his second wife, was born a member of the Society of 
Friends January 15, 1762, and died May 8, 1778, when sixteen 
years of age. 

1 " Aug. 5, 1777, Aaron Mercer sold to Mordecai Tarnell a tract of land on 
Babbs Creek, Frederick Co., Virginia, containing 250 acres." 

^ Mr. Wetherill, of Philadelphia, told my aunt, Elizabeth J. Sharpless, " that 
he had in his possession a portrait of John Jolliffe Yarnell, who received a sword 
from Congress for services in Commodore Decatur's expedition against Algeria, 
June, 1815." Evidently he was a son of Phoeby Jolliffe Yarnell, and she named 
him after her brother. Captain John Jolliffe of the Revolution. 


Family Record of Mary JoUiflfe and Robert Higgins, 
her husband. Married March 7, 1797. 

Mary Jolliffe, second child of William JoUiffe and Elizabeth, his 
wife, was born a member of the Society of Friends, May 13, 1763, 
at the Nevill House, Frederick County, Virginia. When seven 
j^ears of age her father died, leaving her by his will to be educated 
until of age, or she married, when certain property was to be given 
her as her separate estate. She continued to live with her mother 
and brother until her thirty-fourth year, when she was married by 
Eev. Alexander Balmain, an Episcopal minister, to Colonel Kobert 
Higgins, March 7, 1797. Colonel Higgins was born 1744, and when 
twelve years of age had a narrow escape from capture by Indians. 
Kercheval tells the story as follows : 

"In 1756, while the Indians were lurking about Fort Pleasant, 
and constantly on the watch to cut off all communication there- 
with, a lad named Higgins, aged about 12 years, was directed by 
his mother to go to the spring about a quarter of a mile without 
the fort, and bring a bucket of water. He complied with much 
trepidation, and persuaded a companion of his, of about the same 
age, to accompany him. They repaired to the spring as cautiously 
as possible, and after tilling their buckets, ran with speed towards 
the fort, Higgins taking the lead. When about half-way to the fort, 
and Higgins had got about thirty j-ards before his companion, he 
heard a scream fx-om the latter, M-hich caused him to increase his 
speed to the utmost. He reached the fort in safety, while his com- 
panion was captured by the Indians, and taken to their settlements, 
where he remained until the peace, and was then restored. The 
young Higgins subsequently became the active Capt. Eobt. Higgins 
in our Eevolutionary army, and after raising a numerous family in 
Virginia removed with them to the West." 

On the breaking out of the Revolutionary War he and his brother 
Peter were among the first to raise companies in the valley and join 
the army. Colonel Higgins was rapidly promoted to the rank of 
lieutenant-colonel of his regiment, the Fourth Virginia, with which 
he served with great distinction throughout the war. At one time 
he was captured and remained a prisoner for more than a year, suf- 


fering horribly throughout his entire imprisonment. At the close 
of the war he was given by Virginia a large military grant of land^ 
(four thousand aci-es) situated near Georgetown, Ohio. After his 
marriage with Marj^ JoliifFe he removed to his estates in Ohio. His 
wife died in the year 1806, when forty-three years of age. They 
left four children, one of whom married Brigadier- General Thomas 
L. Hamer, United States army. 

General Hamer was a very distinguished lawj'er from Ohio, and 
a member of Congress a number of years. While there he con- 
ferred his privilege of sending a bo}^ to West Point, to be educated 
at the government's expense, upon the son of a neighbor, then 
residing (1837) in Georgetown; and this boy was none other than 
the afterwards celebrated Ulysses S. Grant. He also appointed to 
the United States Naval Academy, at Annapolis, Maryland, the cel- 
ebrated Admiral Ammen, United States navy. Our uncle John 
Jolliffe was sent out by his father to practise law in General 
Hamer's office, and afterwards became his law-partner. General 
Hamer died while engaged in the Mexican War, and his bod}- was 
brought to Cincinnati for burial, and lay in state for three days at 
John JoUiffe's house, he then residing in that city. Mary Jolliffe 
Yarnell must have died about the year 1806, as a letter from John 
Yarnell, of January 22, 1807, speaks of her death as a recent event. 

1 Warrant No. 1693 reads as follows : 

" Council Chamber, Aug. 30th, 1783. 
"I do certify that Captain Kobert Higgins is entitled to the proportion of 
Land allowed a Captain of the Continental Line for three years' service. 
"Thos. Merriweathkr. Benjamin Harrison. 

" A warrant for 4000 acres issued to Robert Higgins Aug. 30th, 1783." 

"Thomas Higgins was one of the earliest settlers on the Cohongoruton. 
He lived about four miles from Bath, but was driven hence, and removed to 
the neighborhood of Gerardstown, in the County of Berkley. After his re- 
moval three of his sons were taken off prisoners, and never returned. At the 
close of Dunmore's War, one of them was seen at Wheeling and asked why he 
did not come home, since his father had left him a good tract of land. He re- 
plied that he did not wish to live with white people; they would always call 
him Indian, and he had land enough." (Kercheval.) " John Higgins took up 
110 acres of land in Prince William County 1741." 


Family Record of Amos Jolliffe and Margery Perry, 
his wife. Married October 16, 1794. 

Amos Jolliffe, the third child of William and Elizabeth Jolliffe, 
was born at Nevill House, Frederick County. Virginia, August 5, 
1764. He was reared a Friend, and continued a valuable member 
in good standing until his marriage. At one time he moved within 
the bounds of Fairfax Meeting, Loudoun County, but soon came 
back to Fi-ederick Count}'. Upon the death of his father, when he 
was six years of age, he was left a fine projjerty, to be paid to him 
at his coming of age. After the death of his half-brother John 
and of his own brother Edmund, he as eldest son succeeded to the 
mill and store of his father. He was evidently very successful, and 
acquired large estates. I find on the court records at Winchester 
the following: "November 16, 1791, Amos Jolliffe sold to Joseph 
Bond, for 2050£ a parcel of land situate on Western side of the 
Shenandoah River and Opeckon Creek being part of a greater tract 
of 2373 acres granted by patent to Alexander Ross the 12th Nov. 
1735 ; bounded near Alexander Ross' house, John Micklin's land, 
John Littler's line and George Ross' being 336 acres; also another 
tract adjoining the above and William Jolliffe deed, line, 23 acres, 
and another tract near by of 33 acres of Bryan Bruin containing 
198 acres. Also another tract on the line of the Glebe land and 
joining William Jolliffe and George Ross containing 20 acres." 
These lands came to him by purchase from John McDonald's 
widow, and were parts of the original Ross grant. 

When thirty years of age he was married (by the Rev. Alexan- 
der Balmain, an Episcopal minister), October 16, 1794, to Mar- 
gery Perry, second daughter of Ignatius Perry, of Frederick County, 
Yirginia. Ignatius Perry was a thrifty farmer and merchant who 
possessed fine estates near Hopewell, Virginia. His only other child, 
a daughter, married a McCandless, from whom the several estates 
in that family near Hopewell came. Amos Jolliffe died about the 
year 1799, leaving an only son, William Jolliffe, who died when four 
years of age, February 1, 1800. " Archibald Magill (an eminent 
lawyer of Winchester) was appointed guardian of William Jolliffe, 
orphan of Amos Jolliffe deed. He gave security in the sum of 



$12,000, Ignatius Perry, his grandfather, relinquishing his right in 
favor of said Magill." His property reverted to the heirs of his 
half-brother, John Jollitfe, and by the terms of his will came to his 
eldest son, John Jolliffe. Amos Jolliffe was buried at Hopewell, as 
was his son William. I can find no record of the death of his wife 


Family Record of Lydia Jolliffe and James Bruce, her 
husband. Married November 6, 1784. 

Lydia Jolliffe, fourth child of William and Elizabeth Jolliffe, was 
born at the Nevill House, May 9, 1766, a member of Friends' So- 
ciety. By the provisions of her father's will she was left a sepa- 
rate estate on her coming of age or marriage. When eighteen 
j-ears old she was married (by Eev. Alexander Balmain, an Epis- 
copal minister) November 6, 1784, to James Bruce, a son of John 
and Ann Bruce, of Frederick County, Virginia. (John Bruce's 
will was dated November 4, 1747. He left two sons, James and 
George, a daughter Ann, and had a brother, James Bruce.) For 
this mai-riage Lydia Jolliffe was disowned from Friends' Society. 
James Bruce was a man of property, his home being at what is 
now called Brucetown, which was named after his family. They 
left children, all of whom moved to the West, — a son James, who 
with his family went to Ohio in 1813 ; a son George; and daughters 
Elizabeth Jolliffe, Eachel, and Polly. I think there was also a 
son John. I have no record of the death of Lydia Bruce or her 
husband. Their home was always Brucetown, Frederick County, 


Family Record of Elizabeth Jolliffe and John McAllister, 
her husband. Married . 

Elizabeth Jolliffe, fifth child of William and Elizabeth Jolliffe, 
was born at the Nevill House, June 16, 1768. She was left by her 
father's will property in her own right, which was to come to her 
when she married or became of age. When a young lady she mar- 
vied John McAllister, a son of James McAllister, of Berkley County, 
Virginia, one of the gentlemen trustees for laying out the town of 
Martinsburg and one of the first justices for Berkley County under 
the Commonwealth. For this marriage she lost her membership 
among friends. John McAllister was a highly-educated, well-to-do 
miller. He built one of the largest and best-appointed brick flour- 
ing-mills in Frederick County, which was known as Greenwood Mills 
(now owned by Charles Wood). He used to send his flour to Alex- 
andria, Virginia, for shipment to Liverpool. The firm of Jolliffe & 
Brown was his agent. He was a very agreeable man and his wife a 
charming hostess. They entertained their friends in the lavish and 
hospitable manner so common among the old-time Virginians, and 
around their board were often gathered such historical characters as 
Light-Horse Harry Lee, General John Smith, General Singleton, 
Major-General Horatio Gates, General Darke, and other prominent 
leaders of the Revolutionary period. 

He sold his possessions in Virginia soon after the War of 1812 
(about 1814 or 1815), and with his wife moved to Tennessee and set- 
tled at a place he designated as McAllister's Cross-Roads, Mont- 
gomery County. He was very eccentric and always kept his coffin 
ready to receive his body should he die suddenly. At the death of 
his wife Elizabeth he buried her body on the top of a high moun- 
tain overlooking the Tennessee River. This point was afterwards 
known as " Lookout Point." It overlooks the town of Chattanooga, 
and was made historic by the battle above the clouds, fought there 
during the late war. 

Elizabeth Jolliffe was a tall, dignified lady, fond of society, witty, 
and quick at repartee. She was very fond of poetry and left a 
well-selected library to her niece Elizabeth JoUiffe. She left no 
children to bear her honored name. She was devoted to her family 


and friends and kept up an active correspondence with them as 
long as she lived. I have in my possession several interesting let- 
ters from her pen. Her death occurred in Tennessee about the 
year 1818 or 1819. Her husband was a fine business man, keeping his 
accounts and writing his letters in a remarkably clear, full hand. 
Just when he died is unknown, as there is no record. 


Family Record of John Jolliffe and Prances Helm, his 
wife. Married March 10, 1807. 

John Jolliffe, of Clear Brook, eldest son of Captain John Jolliffe 
and Mary Dragoo, his wife, was born at the Eed House, Frederick 
County, Virginia, February 26, 1775. His father died when he 
was less than two years old, and by his will expressly provided 
for his education. By this will, which was made while his father 
was at home on furlough from the array and before the birth of 
his second son, William, John was left all his lands and propertj^, 
to be his at his attaining the age of twenty-one ; but it was ex- 
pressly stated that he was to pay to the then unborn child a legacy 
of four hundred and fifty pounds. His mother was appointed 
executrix. When about seven years of age his step-grandmother, 
Elizabeth Jolliffe, died, and her estate was apportioned among the 
heirs, of whom he was the first. About this time his mother, Mary 
Jolliffe, married as second husband Captain John Steed, who had 
been an ofiicer in the Fourth Continental Virginia Eegiment, a 
companion and friend of her first husband. Captain Steed was 
given by the State of Virginia for his military services a grant of 
land situated near St. John's Eun, now Morgan County, West Vir- 
ginia« Here he seems to have taken up his residence with his wife 
and her two children. How long he continued to reside at this 
place is not certainly known, nor do we know the exact date of his 
step-father's death. When twenty-one yeai's of age John Jolliffe 
came into possession of his property, which comprised the lands 
and mill acquired from his father (the Eed House property), his 
father's portion of his grandmother's estate, and his portion of his 
uncle Edmund's estate, who died unmarried, in all nearly one thou- 
sand acres. 

After the death of his uncle, Amos Jolliffe, and his only son and 
heir, William, in 1800, when four years of age, John became the 
possessor of a large part of his estate, which included the old 
homestead of his grandfather (the Nevill House). He was also in 
possession of the pension land of his father in Scioto County, Ohio, 
A portion of these he disposed of about this time to a man by the 
name of Glaze. These lands were taken up by squatters, and were 


never recovered by his family. They are now very valuable. At 
the death of Captain Steed he became virtual owner of all his 
property. Thus by a combination of very unusual circumstances he 
came into possession of large tracts of land, slaves, and other prop- 
erty and was one of the wealthiest men of that section of the State. 

When thirty-two years old he was married, at Winchester, Vir- 
ginia, March 10, 1807, by the Eev. Alexander Balmain, to Frances 
Helm, a daughter of Colonel Meredith Helm,^ of Beliville Farm, 
Frederick County, Virginia. His wife at the time of her marriage 
was twenty years of age, having been born at Beliville Farm June 
24, 1787. He bought of his brother William a large stone house on 
the west side of the Great Eoad, half a mile north of the Eed House. 
This became his residence, and was called Clear Brook, the name 
being taken froni a small stream that runs through the farm. When 
the Cumberland Valley Eailroad built its line they named a station 
after this place. In the yard surrounding his house was a small dwell- 
ing where his mother resided until her death, November 24, 1834. 

John and Frances Jolliffe had nine childi*en, — viz., Meredith Helm, 

born , and married August, 1839, Margaret Hopkins, a daughter 

of Gerard S. and Dorothy Hopkins,^ of Baltimore, Maryland. She 
was born August 26, 1817. Lavinia, born , and married Samuel 

^ The Helm family is of German origin and came to Virginia from Bucks 
County, Pennsylvania, where the first immigrant of the name had settled. The 
family became one of the most influential in the valley of Virginia, and for gen- 
erations have always been represented by one of the name of Meredith Helm. 

" The 23 Nov. 1677 a number of Swedes petitioned the Court for permission 
to settle together in a town at Westside of the Kiver Delaware just below the 
Falls in Bucks Co. Penna. Among the names signed to this petition is Israel 
Helm and 24 others." 

' Gerard and Margaret Hopkins had children, — 

Elizabeth, born November 1, 1703. 

Joseph, born September 1, 1706. 

Gerard, born January 7, 1709. 

Philip, born January 9, 1711. 

Samuel, born November 16, 1713. 

Kachel, born October 12, 1715. 

William, born June 9, 1718. 

Johns, born August 30, 1720. 

Johns Hopkins married, first, Mary , and had — 

Ezekiel, born March 11, 1747. 

Johns, born May 8, 1751. 

He married, second, Elizabeth Thomas, who was born 1738, and was the 
daughter of Samuel and Mary Snowden Thomas (who was the daughter of 
Kichard and Elizabeth Snowden). They had children, — 


Hopkins, of Baltimore, Maryland (who was a brother of Johns Hop- 
kins) ; William, born , who married Catherine Newb}^, of Clarke 

Count}^, Virginia; John, born , who married Lucy Burwell, of 

Carter Hall, Clarke County, Virginia, daughter of William Nelson 
and Mary Brooke Burwell, of " Glenowen," Virginia ; Selina, born 

, married William Overall, of Page County, Virginia ; Amos, 

born , married, Mary Jones, daughter of the Eev. Alexander 

Jones, of Clarke County, Virginia ; James, born , married Ann 

Overall, of Page County, Virginia; Edward C, born November 29, 
1824, and married, 1858, Virginia Page, born October, 1839, a daugh- 
ter of Dr. Thomas Swann Page, of Berkley County, Virginia, a son 
of Ann Lee Page, sister of Light-Horse Harry Lee ; and Harriet, 

born , who married James Tyson (born August 21, 1816), of 

Baltimore, Maryland. 

Samuel, born February 3, 1759. 

Philip, born September 24, 1760. 

Richard, born March 2, 1762. 

Mary, born May 7, 1764. 

Margaret, born February 20, 1766. 

Gerard, born October 24, 1769. 

Elizabeth, born . 

Evan, born November 30, 1772. 

Ann, born February 26, 1775. 

Rachel, born September 7, 1777. 

Samuel Hopkins, first son, born 1759, died 1814, married Hannah, daughter 
of Joseph Janney (a brother of Rachel, who married Lewis Neill) and Hannah 
Jones. They had children, — 

Joseph Janney Hopkins, born 1793, married Elizabeth Schofield, and had 
four sons. 

Johns Hopkins, born 1793, founder of the Johns Hopkins University and 

Eliza Hopkins, married Nathaniel B. Crenshaw, of Virginia. 

Sarah Hopkins, married Richard M. Janney, of Maryland. 

Samuel Hopkins, married Lavinia Jolliffe, and had John, Ella, Arundal, 
and Mahlon. 

Margaret Hopkins, married Miles White, of Maryland. 

Gerard Thomas Hopkins, fourth son, born October 24, 1769, died 1834, married 
April 6, 1796, Dorothy, daughter of Roger and Mary Brooke, and had children, 
Mary, born 1797, married Benjamin Moore ; Edward, Dorothy, Elizabeth, Sarah, 
Thomas, William, Gerard T. (born 1815, married Elizabeth Coates, of Phila- 
delphia, and had Frank N., Bessie, Johns, Gerard, and Roger B.), JNIargaret 
(born 1817, married Meredith Jolliflfe, and had Thomas H., "William H., Eliza- 
beth H., and Fannie J.), Rachel. 

Elizabeth Hopkins Jollitfe married (1872) Nathaniel B. Crenshaw, of Vir- 
ginia, and had Margaret, John Meredith, Nathaniel, and Fannie. Only the 
two daughters are now living. 


John Jolliffe was one of the county justices of Frederick County 
in the year 1801, and was always therefore styled Squire Jolliffe, or 
Colonel Jack Jolliffe. He served for a short time during the War of 
1812 as a captain, being stationed near Norfolk, Virginia. He was 
often seen in the streets of Winchester, talking and laughing with 
the wagon masters and factors who shipped goods to the South over 
the great Valley Eoad,^ Winchester being at that time the great 
gathering, stopping, and distributing point for the important trade 
which reached over the entire South. He was a tall, well-built man 
of striking appearance. He died at Clear Brook, August 2, 1838, 
aged sixty-four years, and his remains were interred at Hopewell 
Bmying-Ground. His widow lived to be neai'ly eighty-six years 
of age, and died at Clear Brook, February 5, 1873. Her remains 
were placed beside those of her husband in Hopewell Burying- 

Soon after the war the home of John Jolliffe, then in possession 
of his youngest son, Edward, was destroyed by fire, and with it 
most of the old family records, which went back to the settlement 
of Frederick County, A frame building was erected on the site of 
the old homestead, and hei-e Edward Jolliffe still resides. John Jol- 
liffe's large estates were divided among his children, Meredith, the 
eldest son, receiving the old Nevill homestead, where he resided until 
his death in 1858. Soon after this his wife moved with her family 
to Baltimore. This old house was wantonly destroyed by a Union 
soldier during the late war. Being unoccupied, he sought its 
friendly shelter for the night and fired it on leaving in the morning. 
The property has since been sold, and is no longer held by any of 
the family. Meredith's property also included the old mill and 
storehouse, and the site of the old Eed House, then destroyed. 
At the sale of his property these original family holdings and his- 
toric landmarks passed into alien hands, and are no longer held by 
any of the Jolliffe descendants. 

Amos Jolliffe received as his portion of his father's estate the 

1 " The AVilderness Road," by Colonel Thomas Speed, of Louisville, Ken- 
tucky. (Filson Historical Club.) 

" Supplies of dry goods, groceries, hardware, etc., were hauled over this route, 
via Winchester, from the South by way of Cumberland Gap, as far west as 
Nashville, in those picturesque land schooners, or ' Tennessee ships of the line,' 
the Conestoga wagon, with their high-bowed covers and six-horse teams with 
jingling bells making music as they went. The drivers of these teams were a 
hardy, honest, jolly set, who knew and were known by everybody on their route 
for hundreds of miles. They were trusted and popular all along the Road." 


western half of the Clear Bi-ook Farm, lying east of Hopewell Here he resided until after the war, when he sold 
out and moved to Maryland. Edward C. Jolliffe holds the eastern 
half of the Clear Brook Farm, including the home property, and 
here he and his wife and youngest son reside. William Jolliffe 
resides with his family in Prince William County, Virginia, where 
he holds fine grazing lands ; some of his children, I believe, reside 
in California. 

James Jolliffe was an officer of the Confederate army, and was 
killed at the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia, July 1, 1862. His 
widow, a very talented woman, edited a church paper in Philadel- 
phia after the close of the late war. They had no children. John 
Jolliffe and his wife lived and died in Clarke County, Virginia. 
Their two sons, William and John, are living near Millwood, Clarke 
County. Both have families. 

Meredith Jolliffe and Margaret Hopkins, his wife, had four chil- 
dren : Thomas H., who married, first, the widow of Frank Barlow, 
of j^ew York, and second, Miss Agnes Blake Williams, daughter of 
Moses Blake Williams, of Boston, Massachusetts. They reside on 
Charles Eiver, near Boston. William H. twice married. His second 
wife was Mary C. Scott, daughter of Hamilton Scott, M.D., of Balti- 
more, Maryland. He left two daughters at his death, which oc- 
curred several years ago. Elizabeth H., who married ^Nathaniel 
B. Crenshaw, son of Nathaniel B. Crenshaw, of Eichmond, Vir- 
ginia. They have two surviving children, Margaret and Fanny. 
Their home is in Philadelphia. Fanny H., who married William 
Gilmor, son of William Gilmor, of Baltimore, Marjiand. She died 
a few years ago and left no children. She was considered a very 
beautiful woman. After the death of her sister Elizabeth Hopkins 
and her daughter Fanny Gilmor, Margaret Jolliffe went to reside 
with her only daughter, Elizabeth Crenshaw, in Philadelphia. 

Lavinia Jolliffe and Samuel Hopkins left four children, — viz., 

John, who married Betty ., and resided at the old Hopkins 

homestead, at West River, Md. ; he died some years ago, leaving no 
children ; Arundel, who died in Paris, France, unmarried ; Ella, 
who married Monroe Mercer, of Maryland, and left four children, 
two sons and two daughters ; Mahlon H., who died in Baltimore 

Harriet Jolliffe, eighth child of John Jolliffe and Frances Helm, his 
wife, married James Tyson, of Baltimore, Maryland, and left two 
children, — Frank Tj'son, who died some years since in Baltimore un- 
married, and a daughter Lily, who married Gaston Manly, a son of 


Judge Manly, of the distinguished family of that name, of North 
Carolina; they reside in Ellieott City, Maryland, and have two 
children, Elizabeth Brooke Manly and Martha Ellieott Tyson 

Edward C. Jolliffe and Virginia Page have three surviving chil- 
dren, — namely, Thomas Swann Page Jolliffe, married, and living near 
Baltimore, Maryland; Lily H. Jolliflfe, married, first, Kev. Dr. 
Harris. (Dr. Harris was a minister of the Episcopal Church for 
many years, and held the highest degree of the Masonic fraternity 
in America. His grandfather was tbe principal founder of Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, the town receiving its name from him. His 
house, still standing, was the residence of the late Simon Cameron.) 
He died a few years ago, and his widow has since married H. N. 
Taplin, of Montpelier, Vermont, where they now reside. Frank 
Tyson Jolliffe, their youngest son, lives with his parents at Clear 
Brook, Virginia. 


Family Record of William JoUiffe and Rebecca Neill, 
his wife. Married September 12, 1799. 

William Jolliffe, of Swarthmore, second sou of Captain John 
Jolliffe and Mary Dragoo, his wife, was born at the Red House, 
Frederick County, Virginia, September 21, 1776, His father was in 
the army at the time of his birth and died without ever having seen 
him. By his will, which was made before the birth of this child, 
he provided for his education. Having willed all his property to 
the eldest son, John, he set aside a legacy of four hundred and fifty 
pounds to be paid him at his attaining the age of twenty-one years. 
He also left a slave woman called Phillis. The above legacy was 
paid in the following manner. In the court records at Winchester 
appears this entry : " Sept. 10, 1798. John Jolliffe sold to William 
Jolliffe a tract of land being part of the original tract granted by 
Thos. Lord Fairfax to Wm. Jolliffe Jr. situate and lying etc. Grant 
of date of Oct. 4, 1753 and willed by him Wm. Jolliflfe Jr. to his 
son John Jolliffe and devised by John Jolliffe to his son John Jol- 
liffe by Will. Evan Thomas and- Amos Jolliffe adjoining and con- 
taining 50 acres. 

John Wright ) ^„^ ^ ^ 

, T > Witnesses. John Jolliffe. 

Amos Jolliffe J 

This piece of land was part of the Eed House tract. 

William Jolliffe lived with his mother at the Red House until her 
marriage to Captain John Steed, when she and her two sons moved 
to the military grant of Captain Steed, near St. John's Run, West 
Yirginia. Here they continued to reside until the death of Captain 
Steed, when his ftimily moved back to Frederick County, Virginia. 
William was carefully educated ; his step-father being an unusually 
intelligent, well-educated man, and having no children of his own, 
he, no doubt, had a good influence over his wife's boys. William, 
when twenty-three years of age, September 12, 1799, was married 
at Hopewell Meeting-House to Rebecca ISTeill, daughter of Lewis 
ISTeill and Rachel Janney, his wife, of Swarthmore, Virginia. The 
marriage certificate I have in my possession. Their first home was 
made in what is now known as Berkley County, Virginia. Here 
they resided until after the birth of their second child. 




"^■i^-^ f II 



I ^. nI ^^- K t 


-Hi u>^^ui ii 


William was not a member of the Society of FriendB, but joined 
that body for the express purpose, as he declared to Friend Abram 
Branson, of getting his wife. This old Friend was very kind to 
him, and cautioned him about so publicly declaring himself until he 
had been admitted. He was admitted April 1, 1799, after the usual 
inquiries into his conduct and conversation, and he continued a 
consistent member as long as he lived. His wife Eebecca was born 
in the year 1777, and was twenty-two years old when she married, 
(This year was known as the bloody year, or year of three sevens, 
in consequence of the many Indian scalping-parties roaming along 
the border country unchecked, most of the able-bodied men being in 
the Eevolutionary army.) 

William and Eebecca JoUiffe had six children, as follows : Lewis 
Neill, born May 20, 1800, and died October 5, 1804, of lockjaw, from 
a wound in the foot ; Mary, born September 16, 1801, and married 
Joel Brown ; John, born October 30, 1804, and married Synthelia 
McClure ; Elizabeth McAllister, born October 12, 1806, and mar- 
ried Townsend Sharpless, of Philadelphia ; William, born February 
3, 1810, and married Mary Ann Branham, of Ohio; Joseph Neill, 
born April 10, 1813, and married Sarah Janney, of Loudoun County, 

Very soon after his marriage William JoUiife moved to Alexan- 
dria, Virginia, and went into the mercantile and shipping businet?8 
with his brother-in-law, William H. Brown, a son of Isaac Brown, 
of Frederick County, Virginia. They ran a line of sail vessels to 
Liverpool, England, cari-ying over flour, flaxseed, beeswax, tallow, 
dried fruits, etc., and bringing back sugar, coffee, tea, salt fish, dry- 
goods, etc. Sometimes one or the other of the firm would go over 
as a factor with a cargo. 

One of their ships was called the " Diana," and once they had 
an old cat in the house which was giving a great deal of trouble, 
and yet no one wanted to kill her. Uncle Billy Brown, as he was 
called in the family, suggested that they send her to Liverpool in 
the " Diana," then about to sail. So the cat embarked on what 
was in those days a long sailing voyage, and they all thought they 
had seen the last of her. But the first passenger to step on shore 
on the return trip was the same old cat. Our cousins, the Browns, 
have in their possession a beautiful set of china in perfect condition 
which was brought over in one of these return trips. The " Diana" 
played quite a part in their family history. When the British took 
the town and seized their vessels the old ship was knocking about 
the harbor, having been loosened from her moorings. They ordered 


Uncle Billy Brown to rig her up for their use, to which he replied, 
" I own a dwelling and part of a warehouse in the town, but I will 
see them both razed to the ground before I will do it," thus vindi- 
cating his Quaker principles, and neither his person nor his dwell- 
ing were disturbed. 

William Jolliffe prospered in business until the British occupation 
of the harbor of Alexandria during the War of 1812, when he and 
his partner with others were forced to leave, and their shipping was 
burned or taken by the enemy, and their business utterly ruined. 
His family fled for protection to the house of his wife's father, Lewis 
Neill, in Frederick County, when the British threatened to burn 
the town. After the British departed he gathered up the few goods 
left and put them in the hands of Mahlon Schofield to dispose of as 
best be could, and left Alexandria to join his family in Frederick 

After this disaster to his fortune he continued to reside at Swarth- 
more, Frederick County, Virginia, until his death. Swarthmore was 
a good estate of five hundred or six hundred acres of land, on 
which was a stone grist-mill. Part of this land was inherited by 
Eebecca Jollifl'e at the death of her father, Lewis ISTeill. The old 
house was a frame structure, built about the year 1750, to which an 
addition was built of blue limestone about the year 1800. These 
buildings are still standing, and are now occupied by Joseph N. 
Jolliffe, the youngest son of William. William Jolliffe exchanged a 
portion of his father's military grant in Scioto County, Ohio, for 
lands in Fairfax County, Virginia. In the year 1829 he ex- 
changed this Faii'fax land for a large tract of wild land in Athens 
County, Ohio, which he devised by will to his children. He visited 
these lands during the latter years of his life on horseback. 

In appearance William Jolliffe was a tall, dignified man, noted for 
his great kindness of heart. Although a passionate man by nature 
he seldom allowed his temper to overcome him. He was very par- 
ticular about his dress, being always neatly but unobtrusively 
attired. He had a host of friends and acquaintances, by whom he 
was greatly beloved and respected. At his death, which occurred 
June 30, 1846, beautiful and touching obituary notices appeared in 
the leading papers of the State, particularly in those of Alexandria 
and Winchester. His remains were interred at Hopewell Burying- 
Ground. "April Ist, 1799, William Jolliffe set free his negroes 
Phillis, Maria, and Grace and her two children." His widow sur- 
vived him fourteen j^ears, and died when eighty-three years of age, 
December, 1860. She was a very remarkable woman, had a won- 


derful memory for names and dates, possessed a strong constitution, 
great energy, personal push, and will. She was extremely fond of 
company, and was thought a very agreeable woman. Born in the 
midst of the great war for the nation's liberty, suffering terribly by 
the War of 1812, she died at the very threshold of the civil conflict, 
but not until she had tasted deeply of its bitter cup. She was the 
connecting link binding together the members of her large family 
and numerous kindred and friends. In her house they often gath- 
ered from far and near, and all felt it a high privilege and bounden 
duty to do her homage. Civil war, time, and circumstances have 
wrought great changes since her death in the fortunes and unity of 
this family, — so many are dead, and her children and grandchildren 
are scattered. She retained a large amount of physical vigor and 
mental clearness to the end. Her step was elastic, her figure erect, 
complexion clear and healthy, though her hair was white as snow. 
When over seventy years of age she had the misfortune on two 
separate occasions to break her forearm, and was in consequence 
somewhat ci'ippled in those members. Her son John sent her in 
her old age a pair of gold spectacles, which she thought a great deal 
of, and which, though constantly getting lost, still came back to her, 
often from the most impossible places, though more often still, when 
the household had been thrown into a state of commotion, they 
were found calmly reposing on the top of her head. Her only sur- 
viving child, Joseph N. JollifFe, now has these glasses. She in- 
herited quite a good deal of silver and English plate on copper from 
her father and mother, Lewis and Eachel Neill. A silver cream- 
pitcher and most of her small silver she willed to her eldest daughter, 
Mary J. Brown. She had also an uncommonly beautiful chocolate- 
pot of English plate, very tall and of urnlike shape with ebony 
handle, which went to her grand-daughter, Susan B. Hoge ; a large 
silver soup-ladle went to her son John, and from his widow to my 
sister, Elizabeth A. JolliflFe. She also gave her niece, Eachel Neill 
Williams, two very old and quaint pieces of silver, inherited from 
the elder Lewis Neill, and she said she gave them to her because 
her mother was called after his wife, Lydia Hollingsworth. One 
was a pair of tongs of scissors shape with jointed handles, so often 
reproduced at the present time, and the other was a mote-spoon 
with short handle and broad bowl, similar in shape to the bonbon- 
spoons used nowadays. The bowl, however, was perforated with 
small openings, and it was used in colonial times, grandmother said, 
to skim the motes off the Bohea tea, then introduced into the colo- 
nies. She also inherited the Hessian spoon given her mother, and 


now owned by my sister, Elizabeth A. Jolliffe ; also sundry silver 
buckles, sleeve-buttons, etc., and various other articles of silver in 
the possession of different members of the family. When seventy- 
five years of age she rode her saddle-horse "old Ginny" to meetings 
and elsewhere, though her usual method of going about was in a 
big, heavy family carriage that would hold six people, the horses 
equipped with heavy brass-mounted harness. The carriage was 
lined with gray cloth, having large tassels inside. She used to sit 
on her stiff high-backed split-bottomed chair on the front porch of 
her house and talk with her friends and neighbors, remembering 
well the dates of all interesting occurrences for years back, her 
hands meanwhile never idle, but busily occupied with knitting- 
needles. When a very old woman, one cold winter night when the 
snow was heavy on the ground, the house was discovered to be on 
fire, it having originated in her bedroom. Springing from her bed 
she was the first to give the alarm, and began work in earnest to 
subdue the flames. The danger was so great that it was deemed 
best to send the children off to old colored mammy Eliza Allen's 
cabin. The smoke was so dense that servant after servant was 
driven out of the room, several of them fainting. The cold was so 
intense that the water froze on the clothing of those engaged in 
carrying it. Our grandmother, clad only in such clothing as she 
had on in her bed, stood in the room directing the workers, and 
herself pouring on the cold water and snow brought by the house- 
hold. After hours of such exposure and excitement the house was 
saved, due largely to her indomitable energy and courage. A slight 
cold was the only ill effect she felt from this exposui-e. 

By her will, which was dated May 5, 1860, she left her property 
as follows : Her farm in Clarke County, Virginia, to her son, Joseph 
N. Jolliffe ; Swarthmore Farm to Joseph N. Jolliffe and Elizabeth 
J. Sharpless. Legacies in money to be paid her son, John Jolliffe, 
and Mary J. Brown; a legacy for life to be paid her daughtei'-in- 
law, Mary A. Jolliffe, and at her death to go to her two children, 
William and Elizabeth. She provided a home for her faithful old 
servant, Eliza Allen (known to us as Mamtny Allen) ; Joseph N. 
Jolliffe to execute this will, which was probated December 31, 1860. 

swarthiviorh: krfcderick; co., vikgi n i a. 

Built lyy). 


Buill. i/S./. 

. G^JTeKu^ST f 


Family Record of Mary Jolliffe and Joel Brown, her 
husband. Married 1822. 

Mary Jolliffe, second child of William Jolliffe and Eebecca 
Neill, his wife, was born at her father's home in Berkley County, 
Virginia, September 16, 1801. She lived with her parents at Alex- 
andria, Virginia, until after the War of 1812, when she moved to 
Frederick County, Virginia. She was sent to the school of Samuel 
Hilles, Wilmington, Delaware, to be educated. When twenty years 
of age, in 1822, she was married to Joel Brown, a son of Thomas 
Brown,^ of Frederick County, Virginia. (His home was what is 
known as the Clevinger Farm.) Eight years (1830) after this they 
moved to near Minger Station, Champaign County, Ohio, where 
they i-esided the remainder of their lives. They had children as 
follows : Cecelia, born August 20, 1823 ; William Henry, born De- 
cember 25, 1825; Herman Winston, born January 9, 1820; Edwin, 
born September 14, 1829; Virginia Elizabeth, born March 2i, 1832; 

1 Thomas Brown was a son of Thomas and Mary (White) Brown, of Fred- 
crick County, Virginia. 

" Thomas Brown, son of Daniel and Susanna Brown, to Mary White, daugh- 
ter of Nathaniel and Mary White, at Hopewell Meeting-House, Nov. 17th, 1774. 

" Witnesses — 

David Brown 
Isaac Brown 
Daniel Brown 
Mary Brown 
and others." 
These were all his brothers and sister. 

Daniel Brown (father of this Thomas) and Susanna, his wife, and their chil- 
dren came to the valley of Virginia from Chester County, Pennsylvania, early 
in the year 1774. 

"David Brown, son of Thomas and Mary (White) (and brother of Joel) of 
Frederick Co., Virginia, to Esther Wood, daughter of Joseph and Ann Wood 
of the same County, at Hopewell Meeting-House, Nov. 10th, 1813. 

"Witnesses — 
and others. David Brown Sr. 

Mary Brown Sr. 
Joel Brown 
Deborah Brown." 


Joel Brown, born May 19, 1835 ; and Eebecca Ann, born and died 
November 10, 1839. 

Of these children, William Henry died October 2, 1826 ; Herman 
Winston died October 13, 1828 ; Joel died January 19, 1837 ; Cecelia 
married Thomas Miller, who died March 24, 1852, and left three 
daughters; Virginia Elizabeth married Samuel Carroll and had 
children, Gertrude, Maria, Harvey Bruce, and Shirley ; Edwin mar- 
ried , and had Marshall E., Eobert Emmett, and Charles; Mary 

JoUitfe Brown died in 1885, when in her eighty-fourth 3'ear, and her 
husband survived her a few years. Both were buried in Ohio. Of 
their children and grandchildren I know little except that some of 
them are married and have families living in Chicago, Minnesota, 
and Ohio. 

Mary Jolliffe Brown was considered in the family to have a very 
lovely disposition, and all through her life was remarkable for her 


Bom. October ^iolh, 1S04. 
Died. Maich ^oth, iSbS. 


Family Record of John Jolliflfe and Synthelia McOlure, 
his wife. Married September 23, 1835. 

John JoUiffe, third child of William Jolliffe and Eebecca Neill, 
his wife, was born October 30, 1804, at Eed House, Frederick County, 
Yirginia. He was with his father's family at Alexandria, Virginia, 
until driven back to Frederick County by the British under Admiral 
Sir George Cockburn in 181-i. He received a good common-school 
education at private schools in Virginia, and, much against his 
mother's wishes, resolved to study law. These studies he pursued 
with the greatest diligence when a mere school-boy, often reading 
late at night before a big wood fire, after all the family had retired 
to rest. When still a lad he entered the law class of Hon. St. 
George Tucker in Winchester, Vii'ginia, and had as classmates such 
eminent men as Hon. Charles James Faulkner, Hon. Fenton Mer- 
cer, and ex-Governor John A. Wise. From this class he was grad- 
uated and admitted to the bar as a practising lawyer. He at once 
(1825) resolved to go to the then rapidly filling-up West as offering 
the best prospects for an active young man to push to the front. 
He had relatives in the family of Colonel Robert Higgins, settled 
in Clermont County, Ohio, and in Batavia, the county-seat, he in 
the year 1830 established his office. He very soon became a partner 
of General Thomas L. Hamer, and in a few years was elected 
prosecuting attorney for his county (from the year 1833 to 1837 
and from 1839 to 1841). He was an able attorney with a large 
practice, and was often associated about this time with Governor 
Salmon P. Chase in resisting the famous " Fugitive Slave Law." 
In early life he was a pronounced Jacksonian Democi*at. While 
living at Batavia he married, September 23, 1835, a lady from 
Clermont County, Ohio, Synthelia McClui-e (daughter of Eich- 
ard and Catherine), who was born February 19, 1813. They never 
had any children. Finding that the courts of Brown and Clermont 
Counties were prejudiced against him because of his very pro- 
nounced antislavery views, he dissolved his partnership with Gen- 
eral Hamer and in the year 1841 moved to Cincinnati, Ohio. Here 
he soon won a very lucrative practice and acquired a high place 
in public estimation as a close debater, finished orator, and earnest 


philanthropist. He was a warm-hearted, generous, trustful man of 
broad and enlightened views, always ready to spend or be spent for 
those in distress or want. His earnest advocacy of the cause of the 
fugitive slave, together with some bad investments, dissipated his 
fortune, and the Civil War found him stripped of all save his great 
talent and standing as a lawyer. Selling house and property he 
resolved to move to Washington City, where he was largely instru- 
mental in getting established the United States Court of Claims. 
Here he espoused the cause of the oppressed and wronged men who 
had risked their all in the Southern cause and lost. His eloquence, 
ability, and industry as a lawyer and his intimate acquaintance with 
the prominent men of the then dominant political party secured for 
his clients advantages they were not slow to recognize. In conse- 
quence his practice grew rapidly in volume and importance, and 
had his life been spared he would more than have recovered his 
former fortune. The building adjoining his office caught fire and 
his quarters were drenched with water by the city fire-engines. 
Standing in this damp room trying to save his valuable papers 
brought on a severe illness that speedily terminated his useful life 
at four o'clock the afternoon of Saturday, March 30, 1868. At his 
own request his body was taken to Hopewell Burying-Ground in 
Virginia and laid beside relatives who had gone before him. Prompt 
action was taken and eulogistic resolutions passed by the Cincin- 
nati, Clermont County, Ohio, and Washington Citj^ bar associa- 

1 " Finding that prejudice engendered by his antislavery course had infected 
even the judges of the courts of Clermont and Brown Counties, to the prejudice 
of his clients, Mr. JollifiFe about the year 1841 moved to Cincinnati. A change 
of residence brought no change of principles. In every possible way he showed 
his detestation of slavery. In the management of fugitive slave cases he made 
himself prominent. All hours of the day or night, whether sick or well, busy 
or idle, the runaway slaves' lawyer was ready to serve his poverty-stricken and 
forlorn clients, and this without money and without price. In this way his 
name became associated with some of the most famous slave cases ever heard in 
our courts. 

" He was the counsel of the man Lewis, who was so mysteriously spirited away 
from the court-room during the trial of Wash. McCreary and Margaret Garner. 

"Holding as he did that the Constitution was an antislavery document, he 
was nowhere more at home than when demonstrating the illegality as well as 
the immorality of slavery, and all the enactments meant to uphold it. 

" Few who heard it will forget his thrilling eloquence when, in the case of cer- 
tain persons who had been brought into the court-room chained and handcuffed, 
he demanded that their fetters should be removed and they be treated as free- 
men until proved to be slaves. In the Margaret Garner case, the commissioner. 


John Jolliffe was not a member of any church, but during the 
later years of his life, while residing in Washington, often attended 
Friends' Meeting, the simplicity of their worship seeming to attract 
and comfort him as none other did. He was a diligent student as 
long as he lived, and found time amidst his numerous law eases to 
study general literature, Biblical lore, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, French, 
and German. He was also the author of several books that had a 
wide circulation during the war. His widow continued to reside 
in Washington until her death, in March, 1890, and was buried in 
Hopewell Bmying-Ground in Frederick County, Virginia. She was 
a member of the Baptist Church, a lovely Christian, and left a large 
number of friends to mourn her loss. Her brother. Commodore E. 
McClure, of Goshen, Ohio, was in the United States navy during 
the late war. 

although he had prejudged the case in advance, as was the custom, could not 
bring himself to give his decision in favor of the claimant Gaines until an 
adjournment of the court had permitted the excitement caused by his eloquent 
plea to subside." 


Family Record of Elizabeth McAllister JoUiffe and 
Townsend Sharpless, her husband. Married 1859. 

Elizabeth McAllister Jolliffe, fourth child of William Jolliffe and 
Eebecca Neill, his wife, was born at Alexandria, Virginia, Octo- 
ber 12, 1806. She was named after her aunt Elizabeth McAllister, 
and was well educated, at one time attending the school of John 
Pierpont, a celebrated teacher of Frederick County, Virginia. Her 
home after the War of 1812 was with her parents at Swarthmore, 
in Frederick County, Virginia. When a young lady she was quite 
gay and fond of society. In conjunction with her cousins Lavinia 
and Harriet Jolliffe, Elizabeth and Ann Schofield, her friend Ann 
Severs, and other young ladies of the neighborhood, many a mad- 
cap enterprise was planned and carried out, astounding the old 
people and amusing the young. This bevy of wild young ladies 
would frequently determine to have a good time, often at the 
expense of some bashful beau or would-be suitor. Amidst all this 
fun and frolic she suddenly sobered down and became a very ear- 
nest Christian member of the Society of Friends, feeling it a duty, 
though a great cross, to adopt the plain dress of the Society. This 
change in her life drove off a few of her old admirers, but added 
many more of a very different character. In 1859, when in her 
fifty-third year, she married Townsend Sharpless, of Philadelphia, 
who had been told of the "sweet Quakeress of the Valley" by bis 
sister in Baltimore. Her husband took her to Europe for an ex- 
tended bridal trip, which lasted nearly a year. How she enjoyed 
and appreciated what she then saw those whose privilege it was to 
hear her tell it over can testify. Upon their return they fixed their 
town residence at No. 1209 Arch Street, Philadelphia, and her hus- 
band built a beautiful country home at Chelton Hills, Montgomery 
County, Pennsylvania. Between these homes, surrounded bj^ his 
large family and numerous friends who were devoted to her, she 
spent a quiet life until his death, in December, 1863. At the death 
of her brother William, in 1852, she adopted his daughter Eliza- 
beth, who always resided with her. She continued to live in Phila- 
delphia, living at various times at 1315 Filbert Street, 1017 Clinton 
Street, and 1434 South Penn Square. She was a great advocate 


of a thorough education, and aided all she could in the education 
of her nieces and nephews, having the greatest sympathy for the 
losses and privations they endured during the war. She was a 
remarkably well-informed person, an appreciative reader of history 
and biography, and a great lover of good poetry. She possessed 
the sweetest of dispositions, great refinement of manner, and was 
altogether a lovely character, whose society was much sought. 
After a long and lingering illness, patiently borne, she departed this 
life March 16, 1883, and was buried beside her husband, in Friends' 
Burjnng-Ground, West Philadelphia. 


Family Record of William JollifiFe and Mary Ann Bran- 
ham, his wife. Married 1836. 

William Jolliffe, fifth child of William JoUiffe and Eebecca Neill, 
his wife, of Swarthmore, Frederick County, Virginia, was born at 
Alexandria, Virginia, February 3, 1810. He was but two years of 
age when his mother was forced to remove her family to Fred- 
erick County, where he was educated in the private schools of the 
county (their excellency has before been alluded to), having at 
one time John Pierpont as teacher. He was not a strong or robust 
child, and it was deemed best to educate him for some less laborious 
business than farming. His mother determined to have him be- 
come a merchant, though his constitution and temperament utterly 
unfitted him for such a life. When about twenty years of age, 
in 1830, he began business on his own account at Newtown, Fred- 
erick County. Being fond of society, full of life and spirit, and 
surrounded by young men of means, who led comparatively idle 
lives, it is not surprising his business did not prosper as it should. 
In the 5'ear 1833, therefore, it was determined he should move his 
store to Snicker's Ferry, on the Shenandoah Eiver, in Clarke County. 
This was in every way an unwise proceeding, and after a trial of 
about a year was abandoned. The goods were brought to Swarth- 
more in 1834 and disposed of by 1835. The store was kept in a 
log building situated on the edge of the orchard, and was known 
as the Storehouse, having formerly been used for that purpose, 
when the old stone grist-mill was in operation thirty or forty years 
previous. In the fall of 1835 William went out to Ohio, having 
secured a position with a man by the name of Crew, in Eichmond, 
Jetferson County. In a letter to his father of date September 30, 
1835, he speaks of " having arrived on j-estei-day at eleven o'clock, 
left Wheeling Monday, on the steamboat ' Post-Boy,' and went to 
Steubenville, reaching there at two o'clock in the night ;" says he 
has a bad cold. In Wheeling he visited his cousin, Peter Yarnell, 
a son of his aunt, Phoebe Yarnell. On the stage he says he met 
with " friends in the persons of Mrs. Moreland, C. F. Mercer, and 
Miss Ann Fitzgei-ald and her mother," adding, " she is a very 
pretty and interesting girl, and quite intelligent." He thinks he 

Iknn Fcbiuaiy s>d, iSio. 
Died March 22nd, iSs2. 


will be pleased with his new position. At Eichmond he was placed 
in charge of quite a large store, and he also kept the post-office for 
the village, which he says then contained a population of about 
four hundred, surrounded by a thickly-settled, prosperous farming 
community. In a second interesting letter of date November 9, 
1835, he tells his father his life at Crew's home, what he does and 
what he reads ; gives prices of all sorts of commodities, and saj^s 
" lands are worth from twelve to forty dollars per acre." He tells 
him the salary he is to receive ; as an experiment he will stay three 
months, and if not paid more will quit. It would seem the increase 
did not come, for about the year 1836 we find him visiting his 
sister, Mary -Brown, at Mingo, Champaign County, Ohio. In that 
neighborhood there was then living with her adopted mother, 
Sarah Canby (a first-cousin of his mother, Eebecca JoUifFe), a very 
pretty and attractive young lady, Mary Ann Branham. An inti- 
macy sprang up between the two which speedily culminated in a 
marriage, which took place at the home of Sarah Canby in the fall 
of the year 1836. 

Mary Ann Branham was born in Powhatan Count}-, Virginia, in 
the summer of 1820, and was therefore only sixteen years of age 
when she married. They had eight children, — namely, Caroline 
Marcella, William Henry, John Joseph, Elizabeth Ann, Lewis Neill, 
William, Eebecca, and Mary. Of these only two, Elizabeth Ann 
and William, are living; all the others died in infancy. 

After a visit to his father's home in Virginia, William Jolliflfe 
moved with his wife and old colored servants, Alfred Dixon and his 
wife, to Snow Fork, Athens County, Ohio, on the two thousand 
acres of coal land owned by his father. This land was not then 
cleared, and the country very sparsely settled by a rough popu- 
lation. He placed his family in the home of one of these neigh- 
bors while he and old Alfred went vigorously to work clearing off 
a piece of land and building a house. It was nearly a year before 
they were ready to move into their new home. During the winter 
of 1838 William taught a school in the neighborhood. The spring 
found him busily engaged in planting a crop, felling trees, pre- 
paring a garden, and adding to the conveniences of his home; his 
young wife was in the mean time busy with household duties. She 
has often told me the country was such a wilderness that both deer 
and wild turkeys would come up to her door and be fed from her hand. 
Their neighbors were a rough lot of squatters that gave them much 
trouble. In one of his letters to his father he speaks of the " im- 
possibility of raising or keeping anything that his neighbors would 


not help themselves to." Hard work and daily anxiety, the loss of 
three children, and other troubles, so completely impaired his con- 
stitution, never very robust, that he was compelled to give up and 
move his family back to Virginia in 1841. That journey was an 
eventful one, travelling for miles through dense forests and dead- 
ened timber. They wei-e overtaken by a terrible storm of wind, 
rain, and hail, trees were uprooted and fell around them, blocking 
the mountain roads. The streams were swollen and dangerous, and 
for nearly one hundred miles they were compelled to force their 
way in the face of danger by unremitting toil. This exhausting 
trip permanently injured his health. 

His father was now an old man, and William was placed incharge 
of Swarthmore farm, where he continued to reside, suffering attack 
after attack of acute bronchitis, which developed into rapid con- 
sumption, and finally terminated his life in the forty-third year 
of his age, after a prolonged illness, March 22, 1852. Though in 
extremely delicate health all his life, rarely free from pain in some 
form, still he was full of resource, and possessed wonderful energy, 
united to a remarkably cheerful disposition. He made many and 
permanent improvements at the old home during the later years of 
his life. He had many warm friends and acquaintances, and was 
greatly respected bj' all classes for his integrity, fair dealing, and 
many good qualities of head and heart. He was a lovable brother 
and kind parent, always bore his pains and troubles uncomplain- 
ingly, and was tender in his thoughts and feelings for others. 
Though inheriting a birthright membership in the Society of 
Friends, it was not until the later years of his life that he took an 
active and serious interest in its affairs. Confined to his room 
during the winter months for several years, his heart seemed to go 
out in loving interest for the spiritual welfare of the many friends 
who came to see him. Earely did one leave that room without 
some word of encouragement or help. His most earnest desire 
seemed to be that all his relatives and friends might come to know 
the loving faith which so cheered and sustained those last days of 
Aveary suffering and pain, 

William Jolliffe was a tall, slender man, over six feet in height, 
with regular features, good complexion, clear blue eyes, and dark 
hair, which at his death was so gray as to look almost white. He 
was neat in dress, very erect in his beai-ing, and fond of society. 
His remains were interred at Hopewell Burying-Ground. His wife 
survived him fourteen years. 


Family Record of Joseph Neill JoUifiPe and Sarah Jan- 
ney, his wife. Married 1843. 

Joseph Neill Jolliffe, sixth child of William JoUiffe and Eebecca 
Neill, bis wife, was born at Swarthmore farm, Frederick County, 
Virginia, April 10, 1813. He received his education in the private 
schools of the countj' and early began farming, which business he 
has followed all his life. He has been a great reader of books and 
papers, and has always kept himself fully posted regarding the 
topics of the day, possessing clear, well-defined convictions upon 
all the religious and political problems of the day. When a young 
man be took charge of his mother's farm near the Burnt Factory, 
in Clarke County, Virginia. This was a good property of about 
two hundred and fifty acres, a part of the original Neill homestead. 
When thirty years of age, on February 14, 1843, he married Sarah 
Elizabeth Janney (born February 14, 1821), a daughter of George 
and Susanna (Boone) Janney, of Loudoun County, Virginia. They 
have had eight children, as follows: Susan Boone;' Eebecca Neill, 
born July 3, 1846, died August 27, 1857 ; Sarah Sands, born October 
10, 1848, died September 25, 1864 ; Joseph John, born October 10, 
1851 ; Alice Brooks, born January 9, 1854, died November 10, 1854 ; 
George Janney, born October 16, 1857 ; Eachel Williams ; and Town- 
send Sharpless, born September 29, 1864. 

1 " George Boone, the grandfather of Daniel Boone, the great hunter and pio- 
neer of the West, immigrated with his wife and eleven children from Exeter, 
England, in 1717 ; settled on the banks of the Delaware, where he purchased a 
tract of land. His son, Squire Boone, was married to Sarah Morgan in Sep- 
tember, 1720. He died in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, December, 1743, leav- 
ing sons Kalph, Joseph, Solomon, and a daughter Elizabeth. His son Daniel, 
the great pioneer, was born October 28, 1734, and when about ten years of age 
removed with his family to near Reading, Bucks Countj', Pennsylvania, then a 
frontier settlement ; a few years later they moved to North Carolina. ' ' One of the 
great-grandsons of the above George Boone (and probably a grandson of Squire 
Boone) was Isaiah Boone, who moved to Loudoun County, Virginia. His wife 
was Susanna Boone. They had among other children a daughter, Susanna 
Boone, who married George Janney, of Loudoun County, and had three sons and 
four daughters, one of whom, Sarah Elizabeth Janney, married February 14, 
1843, Joseph N. Jollitfe, of Frederick County, Virginia. 


After bis marriage, Joseph Jolliffe continued to reside in Clarke 
County until after the death of his brother William, when be 
moved with his family to the old homestead, Swarthmore (his 
mother being old be came to look after her interests), and he has 
ever made this his home. 

During the John Brown raid that part of the country was greatly 
agitated. Joseph Jolliffe took a deep interest in and studied the 
movement very closely. A few years later and the mutterings of 
the great Civil War were heard. Few men saw more clearly than 
he did the inevitable result of such a contest. A firm and consistent 
Union man, be dared voice bis sentiments at the polls, casting the 
only ballot Abraham Lincoln received in the county of Frederick. 
When the war actually began he Avas past the age rendering him 
liable to military service, and being a consistent Friend be preserved 
a strictly neutral attitude, but never for one moment changed his 
strong Union sentiments. He aided the sick and wounded of both 
armies so far as it was possible for him to do so. He suffered terri- 
bly by the war. Having a great deal of valuable timber land, 
thousands of axes were often going all day long in it, and as this 
part of the country was a battle-ground from the beginning to 
the end of the war, it was pretty much all destroyed. His place 
was pulled to pieces, fencing burned up, implements destroyed, 
horses and valuable stock, of which he had an abundance, were 
driven off, and then his business was almost completely suspended 
for four years. Twice officers were quartered upon him, using bis 
house as head-quarters for a long time, among them being the cele- 
brated General John C. Breckenridge, of Kentucky. Armies were 
continually passing, and once, September 19, 1864 (Sheridan's battle 
of Winchester), a sharp engagement was carried on right over the 
house, some of the bullets, shells, and canister-shot striking the 
back porch and knocking bricks off the chimneys. The family was 
advised to take refuge in the cellar, but his daughter and other 
members of the family lay ill of diphtheria (brought there by the 
army) at the time, and fearing to risk their lives by taking them 
into the cellar, they sat through it all by the bedside of the sick, 
trusting to their heavenly Father's care for protection. The very 
dogs were so frightened it was hard to get them out of the house 
after the engagement was all over. They were often reduced to 
such straits that they scai'cely knew where their next supply of 
food was to come from. Often sick, with no medical aid save that 
which could be secured from some passing army surgeon, and often 
many months cut off from communication with their relatives and 


friends outside of the lines. Once he had to leave his homo and 
with others take refuge with his cousin, Elizabeth S. Hopkins, of 
Sandy Spring, Maryland, who hospitably sheltered many of her 
relatives and friends for weeks and months during these times. 
They have often spoken of how they enjoyed Joseph JoUiffe's visit 
and his thrilling accounts of scenes and incidents of the war. Once 
he was arrested and taken ten or twelve miles below his home be- 
fore General Jubal Early, ostensibly on the excuse of being wanted 
to pilot his army below Brucetown, but really because General 
Early had been informed that he was a dangerous man to leave at 
large. It resulted in their sitting down together under a tree and 
talking over the situation. General Early, himself having been an 
ardent Union man before hostilities began (while attending the 
famous convention in Eichmond he pame near being mobbed for his 
bold and fearless opposition to the States being put out of the 
Union), was the better able to understand Joseph JoUiffe's views. 
The conversation was spicy and amusing in the extreme, causing 
Early's staff and other officers to gather around to listen. To Gen- 
eral Eai'ly's credit the interview resulted in his letting his prisoner 
return peaceably to his home. 

As the war progressed their sufferings were so great that the 
citizens of the community, united by a common trouble, aided each 
other irrespective of their parties, whether Union or Confederate, 
and on one occasion when his cousin, Edward Jolliffe, had been 
arrested by the Union army, Joseph Jolliffe went with Edward's 
wife, Virginia Jolliffe, to Martinsburg to try to procure his re- 
lease. They were suddenly surrounded by members of the cele- 
brated Colonel Mosby's command, were stopped and made to ac- 
company them to the heart of a deep wood some distance from the 
main road. Here they were kept closely guarded all night long ; 
in the morning they were told they could go on their way unmo- 
lested. That night the Baltimore and Ohio Eailroad was raided by 
Mosby's command, a passenger train held up and much valuable 
booty secured by the Confederates. As the soldiers hurried them 
off to the woods, our cousin, Virginia Jolliffe, was much alarmed, 
and kept calling out, " Soldiers, are you going to kill us?" to which 
reply would be made, " No, madam, we won't kill you." At the close 
of the war Joseph Jolliffe bought for a few dollars some United 
States condemned horses and began trying to repair damages. It 
was slow work, but nature, always kind, in time hid the scars of 
war, and the land brought forth good crops. The old farm still 
smiles upon the efforts of his sons and yields them a fair living. 


His daughter, Susan B., married Lewis N. Hoge, of Loudoun 
County, Virginia ;^ for some years they made their home in Clarke 
County, but moved to North Carolina with their children, one of 
whom is married. Joseph John married Sarah Lupton, a daughter 
of Joel Lupton, of Frederick County ; ^ they built a home on the 

1 William Hoge, born in Scotland, came to America in 1683 ; married Bar- 
bara Hume, settled in New Jersey, moved to Delaware, and in 1735 moved to 
Frederick County, Virginia, and settled near where Kernstown now is. 

William Hoge, eldest son of William and Barbara Hoge, was born at Perth 
Amboy, New Jersey, and moved to Virginia with his wife Esther and his 
parents. He joined the Society of • Friends and moved with his family to 
Loudoun County, Virginia. His son, William Hoge, Jr., married July 16, 1795, 
Kachel Steel. He was disowned by Friends, 1777, for enlisting in the army. 
Had also sons John and Israel, 

James Hoge was son of William Hoge, and grandson of William and Barbara 
Hoge. He was a Friend, and resided in Loudoun County, Virginia. 

Isaac Hoge was the son of James Hoge, of Loudoun County, Virginia. He 
married Eachel Schofield, daughter of Mahlon and Ann (Neill) Scofleld. They 
had children, — 

James Hoge, of Washington, District of Columbia ; has a family. 

Isaac Hoge, of Loudoun County, Virginia ; has a family. 

Josephine Hoge, married Lewis N. Hopkins, and left one daughter, Josephine, 
who died a young lady. 

Lewis NelU Hoge, married Susan Boone JollifiFe ; is living in North Carolina, 
and has a family. 

William Hoge, of Washington, District of Columbia; has a family. 

Annie Hoge, who married Owen Holmes and has one child. 

Lewis N. Hoge and Susan B., his wife, have children, James H., Sarah J., 
Lewis N., and Elizabeth S. 

'^ Joseph Lupton, a member of the Society of Friends, came to America 
from England and first settled in Pennsylvania. He removed to the valley of 
Virginia about the year 1741, bringing his wife and eight children with him ; 
he was then about fifty years of age, and was born about 1690. His sons were 
Joseph, , David, Joshua, John. 

John Lupton, fifth child of Joseph, was born 1725; was fifteen years old 
when became to Virginia; was married at Hopewell Meeting-House, Virginia, 
June 6, 1755, to Sarah Frost, daughter of John Frost, of Virginia, and had 
seven children. After the death of his first wife he married Ann Kees, widow 
of Henry Rees (Ann Neill), and daughter of Lewis Neill and Lydia Hollings- 
worth, his wife, June 13, 1776, at Hopewell Meeting-House, Virginia. They 
had children, Elizabeth and Jonah. 

Elizabeth (Neill) Lupton married Joseph Carter, and was the mother of 
Lydia Ann, Sarah Elizabeth, Mary Margaret (who died an infant), and Joshua 
Lupton (who died October, 1887). Elizabeth died 1853. 

Joseph Lupton, eldest son of Joseph Lupton (who came to Virginia in 1741), 
was married to Rachel Bull, daughter of Richard Bull, of Chester County, 


old place at the Eock Spring, where with their four sons and one 
daughter they reside. G-eorge J. JoUiffe married Charlotte Huck, 
a daughter of Eichard Huck, of Frederick County^ (a distant 
cousin) ; they with their two sons live near Kernstown (Neill's 
Mill), Virginia. His daughter, Eachel W. JoUiffe, married Arthur 
Eobinson, of Frederick County,^ and with their two little children, 

Pennsylvania, August 17, 1750, at Hopewell Meeting-House, Frederick County, 
Virginia. They had children, one of whom was David Lupton. 

David Lupton, son of Joseph and Rachel (Bull), was married to Mary Hol- 
lingsworth, daughter of Isaac (deceased) and Rachel Hollingsworth, June 12, 
1777, at Hopewell Meeting-House, Frederick County, Virginia. 

Joel Lupton, son of David and Mary (Hollingsworth) Lupton, was married 

to Sarah G , at Hopewell Meeting-House, Frederick County, Virginia. 

Their daughter, Sarah Lupton, was married at Hopewell Meeting-House, Octo- 
ber 7, 1875, to Joseph John JolliflFe. Their children are Walker Neill, born 
July 17, 1876; Joel Lupton, born October 28, 1877; Edith M , born September 
2, 1879 ; and John, born August 9, 1882. 

1 Thomas Huck (was, I believe, at one time an officer in the British army 
and a Royalist) married Mary Neill, daughter of Joseph Neill and Rebecca 
McPherson, of Frederick County, Virginia. (Joseph Neill, youngest son of 
Lewis Neill and Lydia Hollingsworth, his wife, was born November 22, 1757, 
and was married to Rebecca, daughter of Daniel McPherson, at Hopewell 
Meeting-House, Virginia, April 7, 1790.) They had three children : (1) Richard 

Huck, who married Mary Stabler, of Alexandria, Virginia, daughter of 

Stabler and Saunders, his wife, who was the daughter of John Saunders, 

of Alexandria, Virginia. "John Saunders, of Alexandria, son of Joseph and 
Hannah Saunders, of Philadelphia, to Mary Pancoast, daughter of David and 
Sarah Pancoast, of Winchester, April 9, 1783." (2) Lewis Neill Huck, of 
Winchester, Virginia, who married Eliza C. Jones, of Mobile, Alabama. They 
have no children. (3) Mary Huck, who died a single lady in Winchester, 

Mary Neill Huck, the mother, died at Swarthmore farm, while on a visit, 
about the year 1850. 

Richard Huck had children, Saunders, Hally, Charlotte (JollifFe), Lewis N. 
(deceased), Lylly, and Richard. 

Charlotte Huck married George J. JollifFe ; their children are Richard H. and 
Lewis N. 

^ James Robinson was born in Ireland, and married Mary, also born in Ire- 
land, daughter of George Brown. They moved to the valley of Virginia and 
settled four miles west of White Hall, Frederick County, Virginia. 

Andrew A. Robinson, son of James and Mary Robinson, was born in Fred- 
erick County, Virginia, in 1781, and died May 7, 1855. He married Margaret 
Jackson, daughter of Josiah and Ruth (Steer) Jackson, formerly of Chester 
County, Pennsylvania. They had children, Archibald, Jackson, James, Jona- 
than, Mary Jane, David, Josiah, Joseph, Margaret A., Andrew A., and William. 

Jonathan Robinson, son of Andrew A. Robinson and Margaret Jackson, 


live at the " old Severs place," near Hopewell, Virginia. The 
youngest son, Townsend S. Jolliflfe, lives with his parents in the 
old house, Swarthmore. He is not married and cares for the old 

Joseph N. Jolliflfe was alwaj-s respected by his neighbors for his 
courage and honest convictions, which he lived up to. His relatives 
and friends love him and honor him for his kindness of heart and 
sweet disposition. Until recent j^ears he could be seen regularly 
walking to the railroad station each afternoon except Sunday, when 
his steps were turned to old Hopewell Meeting-House. Though a 
very old man, he is one of the most interesting, telling with a quiet 
humor the many and varied amusing and interesting experiences 
of himself and friends during war times. 

married Mary Frances ; their son, Arthur Robinson, married , at 

Hopewell Meeting-House, Frederick County, Virginia, Eachel Williams Jol- 
liflfe, daughter of Joseph N. and Sarah E. Jolliflfe, and have children, Sarah 
Elizabeth and Albert Jolliflfe. 


Elizabeth A. Jolliffe, fourth child of William Jolliffe and Mary- 
Ann Branham, his wife, was called after her aunt Elizabeth Jolliffe 
Sharpless, who adopted her on the death of her father in her ninth 
year. After her aunt's marriage with Townsend Sharpless, of 
Philadelphia, she went to live with her, and finished her education 
in that city. She continued to live with her aunt until the death of 
that lady on March 16, 1883. 


William Jolliffe and Emma Randolph Parry, his wife. 
Married November 26, 1873. 

[A friend has prepared the following brief sketch of the life and work of "William 
Jolliffe, civil and mining engineer, at the special request of his wife and children.] 

William Jolliffe, sixth child and onl}- living son of William Jol- 
liffe and Mary Ann Branham, his wife, was born at Swarthmore 
farm, Frederick County, Virginia, June 23, 1847. When but four 
yeai's old his father died. He earl}- attended the private country 
schools of the county, and when twelve years of age was sent to 
Westtown Boarding-School, in Pennsylvania. This was at the time 
when the war had fairly opened. Harper's Ferry was in possession 
of the Confederate forces, the bridges between Philadelphia and 
Baltimoi'e had been burned, and the Eelay House was strongly for- 
tified by Federal troops. To pass through these barriers when feel- 
ing was running so high was no easy task, and consequently visits 
to his home by the young lad were attended with considerable 
danger. He was searched at Harper's Ferry by the Confederate 
forces and at the Eelay House by Federal troops, and was put on a 
boat at Baltimore, which was guarded by troops until it landed at 
Havre de Grace, Maryland, where he took the cars for Philadelphia. 

For a long time he was cut off from all communication with his 
mother, but finally succeeded in getting home for a short visit. As 
the war dragged along these same conditions continued. After 
Westtown, William Jolliffe attended school for a short time at 
Union Springs, New York, and in Philadelphia. He was then 
placed in Sharpless Brothers' large dry-goods store, in Philadelphia, 
to learn the business, and he remained with that firm for three 
yeai's. At that time his health failed him, and be was compelled 
to seek out-door employment. He entered the Polytechnic College 
of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, and studied mining engineering, 
graduating July 1, 1868, when just twenty-one years of age. He 
then took a special course in chemistry under Professor Williams, 
of Philadelphia, where he met George A. Koenig and Preston M. 
Bruner, both recent graduates of Heidelberg, Germanj'. While ex- 
perimenting with waste tin-scrap, these three students discovered 
a process for utilizing the tin on this waste. Forming the partner- 

^ -'* 



ship of Koenig, Bruncr & Jolliffe, they took out patents for the 
manufacture of the salts of tin from tinners' waste, and also for 
utilizing the iron thus freed from combination, and for the ma- 
chinery needed in these processes. They erected a factory, work- 
ing at it themselves, and persevered in further labor upon their 
invention until it was entirely successful. 

However, as is often done in such cases, a combination was formed 
against them by the large chemical manufacturing establishments 
of Philadelphia, which speedily forced them out of business. Koenig 
soon after became a professor in the University of Pennsylvania, 
and Bruner went to the Bethlehem Steel-Works. 

William Jolliffe, making use of his collegiate training, obtained 
an appointment as draughtsman for the Western Land Association 
of Minnesota, and went to Duluth. After laying out and mapping 
a large part of that growing town, he received an appointment in 
1870 as resident engineer on the Northern Pacific Eailroad, and 
filled this position until the winter of 1871-72. At that time Mr. 
Jolliffe received an appointment as chief of a locating party on 
the Valley Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in Virginia. 
Work being suspended on this line in October, 1872, he went as 
division engineer on the Atlantic and Great Western Eailroad, at 
Meadville, Pennsylvania, for a short time. Receiving a call as 
assistant engineer for the city of Pittsburg the winter of 1872-73, 
he accepted and was there engaged until taken ill with throat 
trouble aggravated by the smoke and gas of that city. He left 
Pittsburg and accepted a position as draughtsman for Allison & 
Sons' large car-works in Philadelphia, Avhere he remained until the 
panic of 1873. 

During his stay in Philadelphia he made his home with his aunt, 
Elizabeth J. Sharpless. Here he met Emma Randolph Parry, tenth 
child of Oliver Parry and Rachel Randolph, his wife, and married 
her November 26, 1873, at the Friends' Twelfth Street Meeting- 
House, in Philadelphia. They moved to Buchanan, Virginia, where 
they made their home. They had children, William Parry Jolliffe, 
born August 29, 1874; Parry Jolliffe, born October 25, 1877, died 
in Philadelphia, February 26, 1879, and buried at Solebury, Bucks 
County, Pennsylvania ; Elizabeth Neill Jolliffe, born December 30, 
1880. " 

The next position filled by William Jolliffe was that of division 
engineer on the Valley Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
in Virginia, in which he continued until the spring of 187-4, when 
work was finally suspended. 


In 1875 and 1876 he built a brick house one mile south of Buchanan, 
which his family occupied as their home. In 1875 he contracted to 
build Dam No. 5, at Brownstown, West Virginia, for the United 
States government, being engaged in this work under the firm- 
name of Sehultz & JolKflFe, from which he afterwards retired. 

Having conceived the idea of building a railroad from Clifton 
Forge, Virginia, on the Chesapeake and Ohio Eailroad, to Buchanan, 
Virginia, on the James Eiver and Kanawha Canal, he labored for 
more than two years to bring this about, assisting in obtaining 
from the Virginia Assembly a charter. The company was finally 
organized, work begun, and William Jolliflfe appointed chief engi- 
neer. When the road was about three-fourths completed, a tremen- 
dous freshet visited the James Eiver Valley, November 22, 1877, 
and washed away more than half of the new road-bed and damaged 
the canal to the extent of five hundred thousand dollars. It being 
absolutely necessary to at once repair the canal, and being the most 
available man for the position, William Jolliffe was appointed chief 
assistant engineer of the James Eiver and Kanawha Canal, and 
with his railroad forces repaired the damages between Eichmond 
and Lynchburg in the winter of 1877-78, opening that watercourse 
for navigation in March, 1878. Then joining as junior partner the 
firm of Jordan, Ballard & Co., he was engaged in repairing the canal 
from Lynchburg to Lexington and Buchanan, which work was 
pushed with vigor. 

On September 12, 1878, a second freshet damaged this new work 
to the extent of sixty thousand dollars. An extension of time being 
granted the firm, Jordan, Ballard & Co., again began the work of 
repair, and completed it in the winter of 1880. The workmen were 
at once turned back on the road-bed of the Buchanan and Clifton 
Forge Eailroad under William Jolliffe as chief engineei*. That 
winter the Assembly chartered the Eichmond and Alleghany Eail- 
road, which bought out the Canal and the Buchanan and Clifton 
Forge Eailroad. William JoUitfe was appointed division engineer 
on the new road, which place he held for a short time only, 
ill health, brought on by exposure during the trying times while 
directing the canal repairs, forcing him to resign. At the thirty- 
first meeting of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, held 
at Staunton, Virginia, May 18, 1881, William Jolliffe was elected 
a member. He was also elected a member of the Association of 
Engineers of Virginia upon the organization of that body at Eoanoke, 
Virginia, in 1890. 

In 1880, William Jolliff"e joined the firm of Dillon, Jolliff'e & Co., 


and completed, as contractor, ten miles of heavy work on the Shen- 
andoah Yalley Railroad below Buchanan. In 1887 they completed 
twelve miles of the New River Branch of the Norfolk and Western 
Railroad. He also joined the firm of JoUiffe & Carpenter and 
completed in 1881-82 the tunnels and railroad-yards for the Norfolk 
and Western Railroad at Pocahontas, Virginia. In 1882 he sold 
his house to the Shenandoah Yalley Railroad in Buchanan and 
moved to Lexington, Virginia, where he resided for four years. In 
1883-84 he was manager of the Lexington Manufacturing Company, 
erecting the buildings, putting in the machinery, and starting the 
work. In 1885-86 he joined A. D. Estill as a partner, and ran the 
Beechenbrook Foundry and Machine-Shops in Lexington. This 
venture did not prove successful, and the firm dissolved. In 1886 
he bought at public sale the large farm of four hundred and sixty- 
four acres, one mile west of Buchanan, Virginia. Remodelling the 
dwelling-house on the premises, he moved his family to this property, 
where they have since resided. In 1887 he made a horseback sur- 
vey for the Virginia Western Railroad in Southwestern Virginia and 
in Tennessee. In 1888-89. he becam^^K^ision engineer on the Georgia 
Pacific Railroad at West Point, Mississippi. In the autumn of 1889 
he again did work for the Virginia Western Railroad as engineer in 
charge of surveys. In 1890 he was made chief engineer for the 
Central Land Company of Buchanan, to which corporation he sold 
his farm, reserving his dwelling-house and sixty-eight acres of land. 
Since then he has been in ill health brought on by constant expo- 
sure in all sorts of weather while engaged in railroad and other 
out-door work. He has written various reports on the railroads and 
mineral resources of the James River Valley, etc. Since graduating, 
he has constructed or superintended as engineer work aggregating 
in value four million five hundred thousand dollars, besides making 
various surveys, estimates, and plans, or at the rate of two hundred 
thousand dollars per year. 


1. Thomas and Margaret {Skinner) Jolliffe, of Cofton Hall, Staf- 

ford County, England. 

2. John and Mary (Rigglesioorth) Jolliffe. 

3. Joseph and Euth ( ) Jolliffe. 

4. William and Phceby ( ) Jolliffe. 

5. William and Lydia {HolUngsworth) Jolliffe. 

6. John and Mary (Dragoo) Jolliffe. 

7. William and Eebecca (Neill) Jolliffe. 

8. William and Mary Ann (Branham) Jolliffe. 

9. William and Emma Eandolph (Parry) Jolliffe. 

-a "^(^9.