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Full text of "Historical memorandum and genealogical register of the town of West Boylston, Massachusetts : from its early settlement to 1858 : together with miscellaneous items and incidents"

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1778986 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
QENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 

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3 1833 01103 5687 



Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/historicalmemoraOOinkeye 



HISTORICAL MEMOIIAKDU)! 



AND 



GENEALOGICAL IIEGISTER ^ 



or THE 



IDVVMJIE W£SX BOYLSTON, 



MASSACHUSETTJ 



riioM ITS Early Settlement to 18')S 



rOi^ElIIER ^VlTll MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS AND INCIDKNT: 



]]Y EETnJAMIN F: 1vEYES 



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W O K C E S T E R : 

PiliNTED AT THE SPY' ITJNTrNll HOUSE. 'IVI MAIN SITIEE'. 
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p 11 E r A c ]■: , 

The fi)llo\ving brief Historical Memorandum and Gen- 
ealogical Register is iritended to extend no further onward 
than 18.58, or fifty years from the organization of tlie 
town of ^yest IJoylston, and 138 years from tlie time of 
the earliest settlement in tlie town. 

The design of this Memorandum and Register is to 
bring to view the circumstances whicli led to the origin 
and formation of the town, alao to bring to the notice of 
])resent and succeeding generations those who first settled 
on these hills and in these valleys, thereby opening the 
way for further advancement and future prosperity. It is 
designed likewise to perpetuate the memory and recollec- 
tion of those, who, by their untiring and persevering ef- 
forts, amid opposition and resistance, eventually succeeded 
in establishing and organizing the town. 

The few biographical notes in the genealogical sketch 
are designed merely as a deserved tribute to those who arc- 
thus noticed. 

The miscellaneous items recorded may be thougl^.t ot 
little consequence by some, while others may feel a deep 
interest in the incidents and occurrences related. It niay 
be interesting to the inhabitants of West Roylston fifty 
years hence, who may in 1908 celebrate the centennial 
anniversary of the town, to know who were their |)rede- 
cessors, from whence they came, together with the particu- 
lar locality where they resided, and also, who may at that 
time be known as tlie lineal descendants of the early set- 
tlers. Many wish to know something of those who pre- 
ceded them in life, wliile otliers have a curiosllv to trace 



birk ihcir lineage to ihc early settlomcnl of the coiMitry, 
leclini^ ii sympathy and respect for their progenitors, al- 
though tliey may long since have finished their earthly 
course. It seems necessary therefore that sonic notice or 
rc.\)rd of individuals, families and passing events, should 
>.e preserved and transmitted froia one generation to anoth- 
er for the use and benefit of the living. There is pleus- 
ure and satisfaction in recognising our ancestors, and it 
Mould seem that fraternal feeling and filial gratitude alike 
demand a remembrance of our friends and relatives avIio 
have passed av.ay from the v.'orld, and we should ever man- 
ifest a due respect and veneration for their memory and 
departed worth. 

The Memorandum r.nd Tiegistcr was designed and writ- 
ten in 18.JS, wliilo its publication has been delayed from 
an a[)prehcM.slon that it might not be useful or acceptable. 
But after further consideration it has been determined to 
give it publicity, trusting that whoever may chance to 
read it will pass lightly over its defects and incomplete- 
ness. B. F. K. 

AN'kst Boyt.stox, "March, 18G1. 



cox T E N T S 



"\Vc<t lluylston — liuw ^llulltnl ;iiid bumukd '> 

ICarlic-t Settlors, Incllans. .tt-., (> 

In^orporatiuii of West UovL-i^n, N 

Legal VotLM-d in IbU.S, '.) 

Gfncalo;iie:il Sk-ct^li, 10 

Jle.-juk'fits — Not Votcr.-i '.5 'J 

Original and Earlier Settler^ LO 

Ucsitlents bctwceu ITSO am] i^)()H, 11 

Rettleri from 1808 to is'jd ic. 

KofideiitS in 180S luider 'Jl ^ l.u> of a.;e 4',' 

Rcsidojits and Le;^al Vtitci-.s lii 1858 .jU 

Town OlVicerrf from I>>U8 in l.-^ js, 5"J 

Ecclesiastical Record, etc., V) 

PLybicians in West I>uyl^t"ii Co 

Progveis and liiiprovtiiiLut, Cl 

Mis''.ollanei;iia l'ncidLiit--= tlo 

Viirii'U- Items, iJT 

Military Lh 

lli\ ers and l!iiJ.;,es, '. T(» 

larniinc;; Jiitircst — J^xtia.rdihaiy l^.■'.nt^, TI 

K.\trai;rdinary Lunvjevity, To 

Diugrapliical Sketch td" Tii.iiias Keyes, Jr., 77 

C>iuoludin;i Keiiiarli^ ^'1 



HISTOrJCAL MKMOILVNDUM 

OF WEST BOYLSTON. 



The town of West Boylstoii is situated 7 miles from 
llie city of Worcester, unci bounded on the east by Boyl- 
8ton, on the north by Sterling, on the west by Holden, on 
the south by Worcester and Shrewsbury ; being about live 
miles in length from north to south, and about tliree and 
a lialf miles in width from cast to west. 

The natural position and scenery of the town is multi- 
form and somewhat romantic in appearance, diversified 
with hills and valleys, and in all directions interspersed 
with springs and streams of water suited to the wants and 
convenience of the inhabitants. The soil is generally fer- 
tile and productive, and when skilfully managed and 
properly cultivated, amply repays the enterprise and labor 
of the industrious husbandman. 

The early settlers of West lioylston were a hardy, vig- 
orous race, social and benevolent in their feelings and 
habits, kind and generous to each other, hospitable to 
strangers, always making them welcome to such accom- 
modations and entertainment as their rude dwellings 
would afford. They were strongly attached to the princi- 
ples and customs of the pilgrim fathers, carefully observ- 
ing and sustaining the institutions of ri?ligion and learn- 
ing, habitually and conscientiously attending public wor- 
ship on the Sabbath, and having their children sufficiently 
educated to enable them to perform the common duties of 
social life. Their children also, like themselves, were 
carefully taught to cherish the principles and adhere to 
the customs so cautiously preserved and maintained by 
their progenitors, although later generations seem to 
have de^^ciierated and departed to some extent from the 
l^ 



P'> G 

J 

course of their ancestors, riml a|)parenily lost that vtr.cra- 
tion and regard for their instruction and exanipU* ^^hich 
tiliiil respect and a fond recollection might justly require 
Ironi their successors and lineal descendants. 

Jacob Hinds, Joseph Wooley, Ebenezer Frizzol, licnja- 
min liigelow, Jonathan Fairbank, Aaron Xeuton, Kzekiel 
Newton, Edward Goodale, Stephen lielknap, Willian\ 
Whitney, Phineas I'ennclt, Jonathan French, Jonathan 
Eovell, and Joi>iah A'v'ihler were i)robably the earliest set- 
tlers in this town. They came from llie older towns bc- 
\o\v and made an opening here. Others so'.)n followed, 
thereby gradually increasing their numbers, thus cherish- 
ing the hopes and encouraging the prospects of the new 
settlers. The settlement of the town \\:\s probably com- 
menced in 1720, or soon after that time. 

Trailition says that I'oriaerly the Inilians v.-ere numerous 
in and about this town, liaving their wigwams and corn- 
patches on the interval and near the river, occupying the 
ailjacent hills and plains as huiitiug ground, there being 
])lenty of deer, turkeys, and vuiier wihl game, .suited to 
their wants and necessiiles. Nearly all the natives h\u\ 
left this region previous to the settlement of the whites, in 
tills immediate locality and adjacent vicinity. Although 
the early settlors built a garrison or block-houiC to which 
they could repair for the night as a ])lacc of security when 
danger was apprehended, yet they were never assaulted by 
the Indians, nor is it known that any attack or molest.^- 
tion of the new settlers was ever contemplated by ihcm. 

The block-house was erected in the southerly ])art of 
the town near Stony Rrotdc, ami about 80 rods distant 
from the dwelling-house of Iv V. Ihigham. Specimens 
of antique relics of the aborigines have frecjuently been 
discovered and picked up, such as arrows, stone chisels, 
gouges, etc., clearly manifesting the native genius of tliese 
sons of the forest. 

The circumstances which ultimately led to the origin 
and formation ()f this town, were substantially as follows : 
The inhabitants of lioylston having determined to build a 
new meeting-house, tlie necessity and expediency of which 
M-as generally conceded, a dilHculty arose in regard to its 



location, the majority choosinp; to erect it near tlie oM 
house, wliile the minority, mostly from the west part of the 
town, strenuously insisted tliat it should be erected half a 
mile northwest of the old house. The majority resolutely 
persisted in their choice and determination, relative to the 
location of the new house, while the minority were equal- 
ly decided and unyieldin<^ m re^^ard to their choice and pre- 
ference. It having become apparent that no compromise 
or mutual adjustment of the dilhculty could be etVectcd, the 
n\iuority seceded, and being joine<l by several inhabitants 
froiu tiie adjoining towns of Sterling and llolden, forme«l 
themselves into a a society and proceeded to build a meet- 
ing-house for their accommodation and convenience, locat- 
ing it in tlie westerly part of IJoylston, about three miles 
distant from the locality wliere the majority poriiou of fiie 
iidiabitants erected their new meeting-house. Had there 
been at the commencement and during the progress of thi-; 
controversy, more calm, deliberate consideration of tiic 
subject, and more pacific conciliatory feelings mani tested, 
the disruj)tion and division of the town might have beeji 
luoided and harmony preserved. 

The new society havijig completed their place of wor- 
hhi}), it was solemnly dedicated by appropriate religious 
services, January 1, 1795. After the dedication of the 
mceting-hoase, a petition for an act of incorporation as a 
town was sent to the CJeneral Court, signed by ninety in- 
habitants of the towns of l^oylston, Sterling and llolden. 
The petition had a hearing in 17130, but being strenuously 
o{)posed by the representatives from each of the towns 
where the petitioners resided, they only obtained leave to 
withdraw their petition, when they immediately sent anoth- 
er petition, asking to be incorporated as the second precinct 
of Boylston, Sterling, and llolden. This petition was 
also earnestly opposed, but in June, 1790, ;tn act was 
passed in accordance with the ])rayer of the petitioners, 
and soon after a le^'al meeting of the iidiabitants of tl]e 
precinct was called, when an organi/zition was ellocted by 
the choice of precinct officers, etc., as was provided tor by 
the act of incorporation. In less than twelve years after 
the legal organization of this precinct or parish, it became 
a town by an act of the General Court, agreeably to a pe- 



lillou of its inhabitants, taking the name of West Boyl- 
ston. The incorporating act is dated January 30, 1808. 
The largest pirt of this town was taken from Boylston. 
the other portions thereof from tlie towns of Sterling and 
Holden. That wliich Avas taken from Boylston, originally 
belonged to Shrewsbury, that from ^sterling once bfdonged 
to Lancaster, that from Holden was formerly included in 
the township of Worcester. 

At the time of the incorporation of West Boylston, it 
contained 98 dwelling-houses, and about the same number 
of lamilies, with a little less than 600 inhabitants. The 
number of legal voters in the town at the first election of 
State olficers, whicli occurred on the first Monday in 
April, 1808, was 105. The number of ratable polls was 
less than 160 but exceeded 150, which was the number 
then required to entitle the town to a representative to the 
Legislature. The whole number of voles cast at the first 
I'lection held in this town in April, 1808, for governor, 
was 85, of which 60 were for Christopher Gore, 18 for 
.fames Sullivan, and 1 for Levi Lincoln. At the first 
election held in this town for the choice of a rcprescnta- 
tire to the General Court, on the first Monday in May, 
1808, Ezra Beaman, Esq. was chosen without opposition. 
He was afterwards annually elected until his decease, hav- 
ing been chosen four successive limes by his fellow towns- 
men to that responsible station. 

hi 1808, this town contained 60 farmers, some 10 or 12 
mechanics, 1 clergyman, no physician, several laborers of 
various occupations, and but 1 jierson of foreign birth. 
There was 1 cotton mill, 2 grist mills, 2 saw mills, 1 
clothier's mill, 1 tannery, 4 blacksmith shops, 1 cabinet 
maker''s shop, and 2 book binderies. There were also 3 
merchants occupying as many stores, and 1 tavern, hav- 
ing been kept by Major Beaman for more than half a 
century. 

Of the 105 legal voters at the April election for State 
officers in this town in 1808, U-l have since deceased, and 
11 yet survive ; of those who have deceased, "79 have died 
in- this town, and 15 elsewhere ; of those who yet survive, 
5 reside in this town, and G elsewhere. Of the 105 vot- 
ers, 97 were at the head of families, while 8 were cither 



connectej and assoclatod with families, or in the cirploy 
of some of tlie inhabitants. 

The foliowinir arc the names of ihc legal voters at ihe 
first elections for town and State olFicers, held in West 
Ijoylston, in March and April, 1808 : 

Ezra Beaman, Jabez Eeaman, Ezra Ileaman, Jr., Silns 
Beaman, Abel Bigelow, Levi Eigelow, Stephen ]jigelo\v, 
Dennis Bigelow, IStephen Brigham, Edmund Brigham, Jo- 
siah P. Brown, Zacliariali Child, Amos Child, Barnabns 
Davis, VAias Davis, Bcuben Dinsmore, Silas Dinsmore, 
Joseph Dwclley, William Eames, Levi Eames, William 
Eames, Jr., Samuel Estabrook, Jabcz Eairbank, Lemuel 
Fairbank, Seth Eairbank, William Fai.rbanli, Alpheiis 
Eairbank, Jabez Eairbank, Jr., Davis Eairbank, Barak B. 
Eairbank, Amos Eairbank, John Eisher, Oliver Gab;, Ol- 
iver Glazier, Jason Glazier, ]Mosc3 Goodale, Aaron Good- 
ale, Paul Goodale, Peter Goodale, Aaron Goodale, Jr., 
Abel Goodale, Levi Goodale, Jason Goodale, Elijah Good- 
enow, Ephraim Iladly, David llarthan, Jacob Hinds, Jo- 
seph Hinds, Abel Holt, Abiel Uolt, James Holt, Jonas 
Holt, Alvan Howe, Hiram Howe, Timothy Johnson, Reu- 
ben Keyes, Thomas Keyes, Jr., Levi Kilburn, Asa liOvell, 
Amos Lovell, Amos Lovell, Jr., Samuel Alason, Daniel 
Mason, Ezra May, Calvin }»Laynard, Asaph Merrifield, 
Louis Merrifield, Israel Moore, Joel Moore, Asa Moore, 
Joseph ]\Iorse, Sylvanus Morse, Artemas Murdock, Joshua 
Murdoch, William Nasli, Silas Newton, Ebenezer Paine, 
Moses Perry, Joseph Perry, Oliver Peirce, Levi Peiree, 
llollis Peirce, James Peirce, Jacob Peirce, Jonathan Plimp- 
ton, Jonathan Plimpton, Jr., Brigham Prescott, John 
Prescott, John Heed, Thaddeus Shattuck, AValter Shat- 
tuck, Isaac Smith, John Smith, Simon Stone, John Temple, 
Uiiixc Temple, William Thomas, llobert B. Thoma.'*, 
Aaron Thomas, Peter White, Joseph Whittaker, Reuben 
Wilder, Ebenezer ^yiilington, John Winn, William Winn. 

At the time of the incorporation and organization of 
this town in 1803, there were nine persons who ucre each 
at the head of families but were not legal voters in conse- 
([uencc of their not possessing the specific qualification^ 
re<iuired by the State Constitution to eiilitle them to the 



10 

elective franchise. The names of tlicse persons -vvere 
Abiel Boynton, Benjamin Carroll, John Dinsmore, Simeon 
Farr, Thomas Hathcrly, Benjamin Keyes, Jeremiah 
Morse, Daniel Prouty, and Nathan Wilder. Of these^ 
seven died in this town and two in distant parts of the 
country. 

At the first town election in West Boylston, held on 
the first Monday in ISIarch, 1808, the following town offic- 
ers uere chosen, viz : Silas Beaman, Moderator ; Kobert 
B. Thomas, Toicn Clerk; ]']zra Beaman, Jonathan Plimp- 
ton, W^illiam Pairbunk, Silas Beaman, and Amos Lovell, 
Selectmen ; Kobert B. Thomas, Silas Newton, and Moses 
Verxy^ Assessors ; Ezra Beaman, Esq., Treasurer; Silas 
Beaman, Constable. 



GENEALOGICAL SKETCH 

Of those indiciduah who iccrc householders and legal vot- 
ers in West Boylston, in 1808, the time of the organ- 
ization of the town, and others who were resid- 
ents and also legal voters but had no respon- 
sible connection with anif of the fami- 
lies of tlie town. 

Abretiatioxs. — Ch. for children, dau. daughter, a. son, m. married, b. 
born, d. died. 

Beaman, Etir.v, Esq., more generally known as Major 
Beaman, was the eldest son of Jabez Beaman, was born iii 
Bolton, October, 173<). Jabez Beaman having purchased 
a large tract of land in this town, then belonginfj to 
Shrewsbury, situated on each side of the Nashua Hiver, 
removed here with his family in 174G. 

At the death of Jabez Beaman, which occurred in 1757, 
Ezra, his eldest son became proprietor of the homestead, 
Avhere he ever afterwards rLsidetl until his decease, which 
took place June -1, 1811, in the 75ili year of his age. In 
1768, he m. Tersis, dan. of Dea. Cyprian Keyes, of Boyl- 
ston, with whom he lived about 30 years; she d. in 1788, 
aged 49 years. Their ch. were Jabez, Ezra, Levinah, 
Persis, Betsey, and Eunice. He was again m. to Mary 



11 

iJoylston of Charlestown, who survived him and d. June 6, 
1813, aged 62 years. 

!Major Beaman was endowed by nature with a strong 
mind, possessing a remarkable &{)irit of enterprise, togelli- 
er with great energy and resolution, which enabled him to 
devise and execute various schemes and plans, not only for 
liis own emolument and prosperity, but also for the inter- 
est and advantage of the community around him. His de- 
signs seldom failed to result auspiciously and in accord- 
ance with his desires and anticipations, ^tlajor Beamau 
possessed and held a large amount of real and personal 
estate, thereby constituting liim the wealthiest man who 
lias ever been an inhabitant of this town. Although it 
may in truth be said that West Boylston eventually be- 
came a town almost wholly in consequence of his great 
exertions and untiring efforts, and that he laid the founda- 
tion for its future growth and prosperity, and, although he 
(lid more to promote the general interest thereof, than all 
others associated with him, yet very little,if anything, of ad- 
equate importance has been done, (aside from a common 
tombstone erected at his grave,) either by individual citi- 
zens or the town as a testimony of his extensive usefulness 
and great worth as a citizen and public benefactor, or for the 
perpetuation of his memory as one of the most distinguish- 
ed and influential inliabitants of the town and community 
in which he resided. At his decease his remains were in- 
terred in the family burying ground, devoted to that use 
more than fifty years previous, by his father, Jabez Bea- 
man, whose remains were also deposited there. This con- 
secrated spot is situated half a mile east of the old Bea- 
man mansion, near the public road leading to Boylston, 
and is enclosed by a stone wall built in a neat and sub- 
stantial manner. Mayor Beaman was not only an active, 
leading man in the immediate vicinity where he resided, 
but sustained a prominency and wielded an extensive and 
controling influence in the community at large. When- 
ever a project) of a public nature having the benefit of the 
community as its object was originated and brought up 
for consideration, he was at once consulted as to its impor- 
tance and practicability, when his judgment and expressed 
opinion generally had the effect to cause the adoption and 



V2 

cDiisumation of the scliemc, or its rejection and final aban- 
donment, thus clearly demonstrating^ and unmistakabW 
manifesting the high estimation in which he was lield by 
the leading and prominent portion of his fellow citizens, 
on account of his sound judgment and practical wisdom. 
J t is a fact, that in justice to him ought to be recorded, 
that several of the public roads in this vicinity Mere pro- 
jected by him, and although encountering severe and de- 
icrmined opposition, yet through his unyielding and per- 
severing ettbrts they were eventually establislied, and 
became highly useful and beneficial. 

!\Iajor Beaman was a patriot, a firm and ardent friend 
of his country, being one of the active and unflinching 
spirits of the American revolution. He early took a de- 
cided stand against tyranny and oppression, taking up 
artns in favor of the rights of his country, himself marcli- 
ing tothe battle field to resist tlic encroachments of the 
enemy. He was \vith the American army at Cambridge 
in 1775, and performed a conspicuous i)art during that 
memorable period. He was ever ready to render aid and 
assistance in any emergency, not only by his influence, but 
when circumstances required, he promptly devoted his 
time, his proj)erty, and his personal exertions, for the pur- 
})ose of sustaining and pushing forward the severe and 
arduous struggle for American Independence then in j)rog- 
ress. Thus it Avould eeem tliat he was one witli many 
others wlio had virtually pledged their lives, their proper- 
ty, and their sacred honors in fivor of obtaining and se- 
curing liberty, justice, and equal rights to themselves and 
their posterity. He was a member of the Congregational 
Church in West Ijoylston, and contributed liberally for the 
support of the ordinances of religion. 

Beama>-, Jabiz, eldest s. of Ezra lieaman, Esq., b. in 
17G4, and d. in 1812, being 47 years of age. He n\. 
Mary, dau. of Jonathan liond of Boylston, wlio d. soon 
rtfter their marriage. He resiiled on the homestead dur- 
ing the whole period of his life, assisting liis faih.er in the 
various departments of business, connected with his ex- 
tensive farming operations, etc. 

Bkamax, Ezra, Jr., youngest s. of Yz/.m Beaman, Esq., 
was b, December 27, 177U. After the decease of his fa- 



thcr wliicli occuiTcd in IfJll, he became tlie i)roprictor of 
the liomestead, and still continues to be the owner and 
occupant thereol', beingr now 87 years of r^q. It is a re- 
markable incident and of rare occurrence, tliat this ancient 
establishment, has now been held and occupied by father 
ant] son, each bearing; the same name, during a period of 
more tlian 100 years. Mr. Beaman is the proprietor and 
liolder of a large amount of real estate, being so located 
and its soil and scenery being such, as to render it ex- 
tremely valuable. He has ever clierished a filial respect 
for his honored fatlier, and yet speaks of him with th;it 
deference and regard which true greatness and other valu- 
able traits of character he possessed, ju.stly deserve from 
his immediate descendants and others who were conver- 
sant with him. I'his ancient and time honored establisii- 
ment still i)resents in many respects the same general aj.- 
j)earance as when Major Beaman left it, nearly 50 years ago. 
Bea-man, Silas, Esq., s. of Epliraim and grandson o| 
Jabcz Beaman, was b. in 17G5 and d. in 1811, being -If) 
years of age. lie m. Persis, dau. of Rev. Asaph Bice of 
Westminster, and resided with his parents. At the de- 
cease of his father which occurred in 1805, he became the 
legal proprietor of the homestead, continuing his residence 
tliereon until Ins own decease. Ifis wife survived liim, 
and d. in 1815, aged -IG years. 

Mr. Beaman was a large athletic man, more tlian 6 feet 
in heiglit, and when in the vigor and maturity of life, 
weighed more than 300 pounds. He had the advantage 
of a good education together witli superior native talems 
whicli qualified him to act in tlie vari(nis departments of 
life advantageously to himself and beneficially to the com- 
munity. He was distinguished and highly esteemed a.-^ a 
school teaclier, being eminently qualified therefor. So far 
as literary attainments were necessary he was well fitted 
for that department, possessing a thorough knowledge of 
the rudiments of education. He also possessed the°verv 
important faculty of governing a school w iihout resorting 
to harsh or severe measures, his word or command af- 
ways h?A a controlling influence, causing immediate sub- 
mission to his wishes and requirements. He commenced 



school tcaclilug whtii IG years of age, and waa thus cm- 
})loyed during the ^Yillter seasons for twenty-five years, 
jiln-ays succeeding to the general satisfaction of his sclioi- 
ars and emi)loyers. Mr. JJeainan's residence was three- 
fourths of a mile cast of Major Beaman's place, on tlie 
road to Boylston. It is now the residence of Charles II. 
Baldwin. 

BiGELow, Abel, s. of Dea. Amariah Bigelow, b. in 
1755, and married Martha, dau. of Capt. Joseph Bigelow, 
in 1778. They had seven ch., six of them living to ma- 
ture age. He d. in 1821, being 66 years of age. His wife 
survived hira, and died in 1848, at the age of 95 yeara. 
Mr. Bigelow was a farmer, and for many years managed an 
extensive farm with profit and success. His residence was 
situated half a mile south of the Common between the 
roads leading to Worcester and Boylston. 

Bigelow, Levi, s. of Dea. Amariah l^igelow, b. in 
17G5, and d. iii 1833, being G8 years of age. After he 
had passed the period of his minority, in consequence of 
a severe sickness, he was frequently subjected to a state 
of mental derangement, thereby causing much trouble to 
his friends and the community. During the latter portion 
of his life he resided with Joiin Temple of this town, as u 
constant and faithful laborer, and having become free from 
paroxisms of mental aberation, he finished out his life a 
(piiet and useful citizen. 

Bigelow, SxEriiEN, oidy s. of Capt. Joseph Bigelow, 
1). in 17G0, and d. in 18 39, being 79 years of age! He 
m. Rachel, dau. of William Pike of Framingham, who 
survived him, and d. in 1855, being 87 years of age. 
They had G ch. who all lived to mature age. He was a 
farmer, resided half a mile west of the Common, on the 
road Jeading from the West Boylston Bailroad Station, to 
the south end of Maiden Hill. His only son, Joseph Big- 
elow, now resides on the same premises, being the legal 
proprietor thereof. 

IkcELOAv, DEN^MS, eldest s. of Abel Biirelow, b. in 
1779, and d. in 1851, aged 72 years. He m. Cynthia 
Fletcher from Lancaster, who is yet living. After tlie de- 
cease of his fatlier, ho resided with his mother, occuj)ying 
that portion of the homestead which she received as r 



15 

dowry, together with what he received us liis share c>( iiis 
father's estate. He had two ch. wlio survived him. 

Brigiiam, Stephen, was born in 17-10, or near that 
time, and d. in 1812. He was m. early in life, had sev- 
eral ch., and resided two miles south of the Common in 
this town. He was the proprietor and oceupant of a large 
farm, and although not one of the wealthiest citizens, yet 
independent and free from pecuniary embarrassment. He 
came from Westboro' in the early part of his life and set- 
tled in this town, where he resided until his death. 

Brigham, Edmund, s. of Stephen Brigham, b. in 176U, 
and d. in 1841, being 71 years of age. He m. Mary, dau, 
of Nathaniel Brooks of Worcester, and had several ch. 
She d. in the meridian of life. He afterward m. the wid- 
ow of Jonathan Plimpton, Jr., who survived him and d. 
in 1857. Mr. Brigham settled on the homestead with his 
father at whose decease he became the legal proprietor of 
the premises and continued the occupancy thereof for sev- 
eral years, when he sold out and relinquished the business 
of farming, in which he had been engaged from his earli- 
est years. 

Brown-, Josiaii P., was a native of Sterling, and re- 
moved to this town with his flimily in 1802, becomintr u 
resident, and occupant of a farm in the north part of Tiir 
town then owned by Major Beaman, but now in the pos- 
session of Lucius Newton. He continued his residence 
on this farm for fifteen years, when he left it and relin- 
quished the business of farming, and d. by an act of sui- 
cide in 1^30, being about 60 years of age. His wife 
survived him and has lately deceased. 

Child, Zaciiakiah, b. in 1763, was the eldest s. ol 
David Child of this town. In 1784, he m. Lydia, dau. of 
David Bigelow of Worcester, and settled on a small farm 
situated in the south part of the town, adjoining the resi- 
dence of his father. Here he resided until his decease, 
which occurred in 184.5, at the age of 81 years. They 
had a large family of ch., several of whom are yet livlui^. 
His wife survived him, and d. in 1840, at (he ago of Ho 
years. He was a soldier o[ the lv(M-.-luii<)ii and rccri\od 
r. pension for several years. 



Child, Amos, s. of David Child, b. in 1765, m. Dorca.^ 
Davenport of lioylston, and resided awhile witii liis pa- 
rents, hut in consequence of sonic difficulty ariging be- 
tween himself and his brother, Zachariah, he left the home- 
stead and purcliased a farm in the nortlnvest part of the 
town, which he occupied several years, when he gave up 
farming and became a merchant, occupying a store now 
used as a dwelling house, and situated a short distance 
from the brick meeting-house in this town. Here he re- 
mained until his decease, which occurred in 1839, being 
74 years of age. Ilis >vifc d. in 1822, being 55 years o{ 
age. They had several ch., but one of whom is now liv- 
ing. ^ In 1823, he m. Nancy Rice of this town, who is 
yet living. 

Dayis, C.uiN.vBAS, Esq., s. of Dea. David Davis of 
Paxton, b. in 1778, m. Mercy Bellows, settled in this 
town in 1802, or about that tin'ie, and established himself 
in the business of tanning and currying leather on the 
premises previously occupied for the same purpose by his 
brother, Simon Davis. He continued his residence iierc 
until 1851, when he removed to Paxton, his native town, 
where he and his wife soon after d., being more than 70 
years of age. Tiiey had four ch. tw^o of whom are de- 
ceased. Mr. Davis sustained an unblemished character, 
was a quiet, peaceable citizen, enjoying the respect and 
confidence of his fellow townsmen, by whom he was fre- 
quently promoted to stations of trust and responsibility, 
lie was six successive years elected to represent the town 
in the State Legislature, performing the duties of that re- 
sponsible station to the entire satisfaction of his constit- 
uents. 

Davis, Ei.ias, a younger brother of Barnabas Davis, b. 
in 1784, came here and was employed as an assistant in 
the store of his brother, Simon Davis, several years. He 
afterwards erected a store in connection with a dwelling- 
house and went into trade for himself, but eventually dis- 
[)';sed of his business and went to Keenc, N. II., where 
he remained a few years and then returned to this town 
where he has since resided. In 1805, he m. Mary Pigc- 
l(»w of this town, with whom he lived in the marriage 
relation more than fifty years. Hor death occurred in 



sev- 
ssessioii 



17 

1857, at the age of 72 years. They had tliree ch., one 
son and two daughters, tlie son died in early life, the 
daughters are yet living. 

DiNSMORE, Reuben, s. of John Dinsmore, b. in 1771, 
and died in 1821, in the 50lh year of his age. He ni'. 
Polly, dau. of Paul Goodale, in 1800, who survived hira 
and died in 1856, being 80 years of age. They had 
cral ch., the most of whom are yet living. He 
farmer and first occupied the farm now in the pos...... 

of Benjamin Lee, in the west part of the town. He af- 
terwards resided on the farm now in the possession o I 
Stephen Hemenway, in the north part of the town, and 
finally removed to Princeton, where he died. 

DrxsMORE, SiL.^s, s. of John Dinsmore, b. in 1779, 
and d. in 1824, being 46 years of age. In 1802, he m.' 
Polly, dau. of Amos Lovell of this town, who survived 
him and died in 1842, aged 65 years. They had a large 
family of ch., six of whom are yet living. lie was^u 
cooper, and worked at that business during the earlier 
part of his life. Subsequently he worked in a saw mill, 
an occupation for which he was peculiarly qualified. He 
resided in the house now owned and occupied by Eli W. 
Holbrook, near the central bridge in this town. 

DwELLEv, Joseph, was b. in 1765 and resided in Wor- 
cester in the earlier part of his life, where he m. Mary 
Stearns in 1791. He afterwards purchased a farm in this 
town, now tli€ residence of James Fiske, on which he set- 
tled and resided about 40 years, when he sold his farm 
and removed to Oakham, where he d. in 1840, aged 75 
years. He enlisted into the army of the Revolut'ion when 
15 years of age, and faithfully served his country as a 
soldier during the last three years of that war, when he 
was honorably discharged and returned home. He en- 
dured trials and hardships while connected with the array, 
was at the surrender of Cornwallis, and participated in 
other scenes of momentous interest and importance. His 
only ch., Joseph Dwelley, now resides in Oakham. 

E.iMEs, William, was the proprietor and occupant of 
a large and valuable farm, situated at the extreme south 
part of this town, contiguous to Worcester and ShrcTfs- 



18 

bury, on wliich he soUled in the earlier part of life, and 
wlicrc lie resided until Ida decease in 1814, at tlie age o!" 
n.j years. His wife d. several years previous, 'i'hey had 
several eh., some ot" whom arc yet livmf^. This farm was 
lately in the possession of Asa Rice, bein^- the place of 
his residence at the time of his death. 

Eames, I.Evr, s. of William Eames resided witli his 
father untd his decease, when he took possession of the 
j)remises, and there continued as the occupant in connec- 
tion with a youni,^cr brother for several years, when lie 
left the homestead and went to Worcester' where he now 
resides. In ISOO, lie m. Jlcph/.ibah Winter, who d. in 
1816, aged 38 years. He afterward m. a dau. of Luther 
lUce of Worcester, who has also deceased. 

Eames, WiLLiAxr, Jr., s. of William Eames, m. a dau. 
of Luther Rice of Worcester i.n 1808, and resided on the 
homestead in connection with his elder brother for several 
years, when he removed to Worcester, where he d. in 
mature life leaving a flimily. 

EsTABRooK, S.VMUEL, s. of Samucl Estabfook, b. in 
1747 and d. in IN 1 6, aged 69 years. He m. Sarah Mar- 
shall of Holdcn, who survived him and d. in 1820, at the 
age of 77 years, lie was a carpenter, and resided on a 
farjn of which lie was the proprietor, situated in the south- 
west part of this town, being now in the possession of 
John Phelps. 

Fairbank, Jai'.e/., eldest s. of Jonathan Fairbank, one 
of the early settlers of this town, b. in 1738 and d. in 
1822, aged 84 years. He was m. in 1760 or about that 
time to Miriam Davi.b', and had a large family of children. 
His wife d. in the meridian of life much lamented. He 
afterward m. Persis Roukcr of Petersham, who survived 
him and d. in 1833, aged 89 years. He resided in the 
north jiart of the town on the tlirm now in the i)ossessinn 
of his gran-'lsou, Uriah Fairbank. 

Fairbank, Lemuel, s. of Jonathan Fairbank, b. in 
17j1 and d. in 1S19, aged 68 years. He m. Phebe, dau. 
of Jacob Winn, one of the early settlers of this town, 
who survived hiui and d. in 1824, aged 73 years. Tliey 
had several ch., tv/o of whom are yet li^i^g. He w.is ;-i 



n vir 



■IL'T 



19 

fanner, and resided in the north part of the town, his resi- 
dence being situated on the iiill road leading to Sterling, 
and lately in the possession of John H. Stratton. 

Faiubvnk, Setii, s. of Jonathan Fairbank, b. in 1765 
and d. in 1833, aged IS years. He ni. Relief, dau. of 
Amos Sawyer, in 1777, and settled on a farm in the north 
part of the town, near the residence of his elder brother, 
Jabez Fairbank. They liad ten ch., iive sons and five 
daughters, all of whom survived their parents. His wife 
d. in 1839, being 80 years of age. Tliey resided tbrough 
life where they settled at the time of their marriage. 

Fai [iB\NK, ^VILLrA^f, youngest s. of Jonathan Fair- 
bank, b. in 1758 and d. in 1840, aged Si years. lie ni. 
Keziah Houghton of oterling, and had several ch., some 
of whom are yet living. His wife d. in ISll, and in 1812 
he m. Persis Sawyer of Boylston, who survived him and 
died in 1851, aged 78 years. He was a farmer, and occu- 
pied a farm now in the possession of Silas P. Jh-ucc, in 
the north part of the town. He was a man of ability and 
prominence, being often chosen to oHices of trust and re- 
sponsibility by his fcUow citizens. He was a soldier of the 
Jlevolutijii, and received a pension the latter part of his 
life. 

FAinn.VN'K, Alt ILEUS, eldest s. of Jabe/ Fairbank, b. 
in 1705 and d. in 1832, aged 66 years. He m. Polly Wil- 
lard of Sterling, who survived him and d. in 1836. They 
had several ch. who survived them, some of whom liavo 
since deceased. He became the proprietor of a I'arm situ- 
ated in tlie northwest part of the town, now in the posses- 
sion of Solon F. Ikown, on whicli he resided to the close 
of his life. 

Fairij\xk, jAiiE7, Jr., 3. of Jabez Fairbank, b. in 1773 
and d. in 1843, aged 70 years. He m. Hannah Eager oi" 
Sterling, who survived him and died in lS47. T'hey had 
several ch., four of whom are yet living. He resided 
with his father on the homestead where lie continued un- 
til the ch)sc of life, vvhen the premises bacamr^ t!i3 p<is- 
strssion of liis son, Uriah Fairbank. 

FArun.VNK:, Davis, youngest s. of Jabez Fairbank, b. 
in 17 77 and d. in 1857, aged 80 years. In ISO I, he ni. 



*" fj.l 



520 

Rebecca P'airbaiik of this town, who d. in l80o. He af- 
terwards m. widow Sally Holt of this town, wlio d. in 
1852. He occupied during the earlier portion of his life 
the premises ori^^aiially held and occupied by his grand- 
father, Jonathan Fairbank, and now in the possession of 
Francis Johnson, situated in the north part of the town, 
He had but one child who survived him. 

Fairbank, Barak B., s. of Lemuel Fairbank, b. in 
1779 and d. in 1824, aged 45 years. In 1803, he m. Sal- 
ly, dau. of Amos Lovell of this town, and settled in the 
north part of the town near the residence of his father, on 
ihe old road leading to Sterling, where they continued to 
reside until their decease. His wife survived him and d. 
in 1847, aged G7 years. They had several ch., the most 
of whom are now living. He was a carpenter, and work- 
ed at that business the most of his time during the last 
years of his life. 

Faikbaxk, Amos, eldest s. of Seth Fairbank, b. in 
1779 and is yet living. In 1813, he m. Lucy Houghton, 
who d. in 1841, being about UO years of age. He lias re- 
sided in this town most of the time durintr his life, work- 
ing as a common laborer. 

FisiiKU, John, removed with his family to this town 
in 1806 and resided in the south part of the town, occu- 
pying the farm, since the possession of Cicero Hinds, and 
now thcj residence of Dana Newton. After a few years' 
residence he sold out and removed from this town and has 
fcince deceased. 

Gale, Oliver, s. of Jonas Gale, one of the early set- 
tlers of this town, b. in 1771 and died in 1824, aged 53 
years. He m. Esther, dau. of Ebcnezer Willington of 
Worcester, who survived him and d. at an advanced age, 
having been four times legally connected in the marriage 
relation. He was a farmer and settled on the farm now 
in possession of the town, and occupied as a pauper es- 
tablishment, where he resided several years, wheii he sold 
out and purchased a small situation near the centre of the 
town where he resided until his decease. This location 
now belongs to N. H. Goodalc. 
^ Glazier, Oliver, s. of John Glazier of Eoylston, b. 
V ill 1763 and d. in 1855, aged 92 years. He was nj. in 



21 

17&J to Raciiel, eldest daa. oi' Stephen Ilastinj^b of l\oy\- 
ston, who d. in 1841, at an advanced a^o. They had ton 
ch., nearly all of whom survived their parents. He pur- 
chased a plot of land in this town in 170G, on whicli lie 
erected a dwellinfr-house, which was the place of his resi- 
dence until after the decease of his wife, when he went U> 
Northborough and resided with his eldest daughter until 
ids decease. He was a carpenter, and worked at that 
business the most of his time. 

Glazikr, Jason, youngest s. of John Glazier, b. iu 
1767 and is now living, being 90 years of af^e. Jle early 
in life m. Sarah, daughter of Joiui Dinsmore of this town, 
and lived in the marriage state about 30 years, when she 
d. in the meridian of life, leaving several ch. lie after- 
ward m. Polly Gerry of Sterling, who is now living, lie 
resided many years on the premises now in the possession 
of George Dana, situated in the north part of this town. 

GooDJLLE, MosES, was b. in 1739 and d. in 1815, aged 7.5 
years. He was the eldest s. of Edward Goodale, one of the 
early settlers of this town. In 1797, he m. Silence Good- 
enow of Boylston, who survived him and d. in 183G, being 
about 80 years of age. The place where he resided dur- 
ing the last part of his life and at the time of his decease, 
is situated 40 rods southwest of the railroad station in 
this town, and now the residence of William Bolton. Ho 
possessed mental capacities above mediocrity while he v.as 
much accustomed to freaks of whimsical fancy and humor- 
ous caprice which could hardly fail to excite the merri- 
ment of the most serious observer. His decease was sud- 
den and unexpected at the time of its occurrence. 

Gooi)\Li:, Aaiion, second s. of l-Mward Goodale, b. in 
1743 and d. in 1817, aged 74 years. In 1767, he m. 
Eujiice, dan. of William Marshall of llolden, who surviv- 
ed him and died in 1832, aged 84 years. They had eleven 
ch., five s. and six dan., each of them living to mature age; 
and all eventually becoming connectetl in the marriage 
relation. The youngest of this family is now the only 
surviver, being 68 years of age. Mr. Goodale was a farm- 
er occupying a farm half a mile west of the Common, now 
in the possession of his grandson, (,'hnrles Goodale. On 



this farm he settled in early life iind there rei;idcd luilil 
ids d(;ccase, 

CiooDALK, Paul, third s. of Edward Goodale, b. in 1747 
nnd (1. in 1828, aged 81 years, lie m. Eunice, dau. of 
Jonathan Lovell, one of the early settlers of this town. 
She d. in 1824, aged 77 years. They had nine ch., four s. 
and five dan., all of -whom jiave deceased. In 1825, he m. 
widow Hetty Lovell of this town, who Burvived him and 
d. in lSo7, af^ed 84 years. Mr. Goodale was an enter- 
prisintr, successful farmer, occupying an extensive *nd 
valuable farm on which he resided nearly 60 years. He 
accumulated a large estate, being one of the wealthiest 
citizens of the town. He was possessed of ability and 
talents which qualified him for extensive influence and 
usefulness. He Avas frecpiently chosen by the citizens of 
the town to till important stations of trust and responsi- 
bility, discharging tlie duties thereof with fidelity and to 
the acceptance of the town. 

Goodale, Peter, youngest s. of Edward Goodale, b, 
in 1752 and d. in 1834, aged 82 years. In 1775, he m. 
Abigail, dau. of Benjamin Hinds, who d. in 1809, aged 
58 years. They had six ch., only oneof Avhomis now living. 
He was again m. in 1809, to widow Rachel Flagg of 
this town, who d. in 1828, aged 63 years. He first set- 
tled in Gardner, where he resided 15 years, when he re- 
moved to this town in 1793, and settled on the homestead 
then in the possession of his mother, where he resided un- 
til his decease. 

Goodale, Aahon, Jr., s. of Aaron Goodale, b. in 1779 
and d. in 1840, aged 61 years. In 1805, he m. Mehita- 
ble Blake of Holden, who is yet living. They had six ch., 
two of whom are now living. He settled on the farm 
originally occupied by Kbenezer Frizzol, afterwards by 
T3avid Winch and now in the possession of his youngest 
son, Aaron Goodale, being situated half a mile west of 
the Common on the south Maiden Hill road leading to 
Holden. 

Goodale, Abel, Dea., s. of Aaron GooilaU^ b. in 1785 
and d. in 1853, aged 68 yeare. Jn e.irly life he m. Grace 
Merrifitld, who d. in 1819, ajrcd 3i vcur.s. 'I'hvy had five 



23 

ch., two of whom are now living. He was again ni. in 
li:521 to widow Mchitable Hubbard of Holden, wlio is 
yet living. They had two ch., one of whom is also living. 
lie was for nearly 30 years of the latter portion of hi;* 
life the proprietor and occupant of the farm originally the 
residence of his grandfather, Kdv.-ard Goodale, and now 
in the possession of his son, Gardner E. Goodale. Dea. 
Goodale was a valuable citizen, a firm, substantial man, 
ardent in feeling, discriminating in judgment, decided in 
action, never vacillant or equivocal in his course. He 
would thoroughly investigate a subject or proposition and 
decide upon a proper course of action relative thereto, 
then proceed to act with [)romptness and energy, never 
turning aside or compromising in the le.ist with opposi- 
tion or antagonism. Thus always exhibiting a consisten- 
cy of character and conduct, he won the respect and con- 
fidence of those with whom he associated and acted in the 
various departments of life. He was irreconcilably hos- 
tile to secret associations whntever might be their charac- 
ter or design, believing them to be anti-republican and of 
dangerous tendency. 

Goodale, Levi, s. of Paul Goodale, b. in 1783 and d. 
in 1854, aged 71 years. In early life he m. Abigail Cros- 
by of Holden, who d. in I8l0, being 27 years of age. He 
was again m. in 1811 to Eunice H. Brimhall of Oakham 
who d. in 1826, aged 38 years. In 1827, he m, Orinda 
Cleveland of Medfield, who d. in 1845, being 59 years of 
age. He was again m. to Sarah Ann Nelson of Mcdheld, 
wlio is now living. He had several ch., the most of 
whom are also living. He was a farmer and resided on 
the homestead until the last years of his life, when he 
changed his residence and became the occupant of the 
premises now in the possession of AVinthrop Snow, situ- 
ated 80 rods southeast of the railroad station in this town. 

Goodale, Jason, s. of Peter Goodale, b. in 1780 and 
d. in 1852, aged 72 years. In 1807, he m. Hannah, dau. 
of Dea. Asa Lovell, Avho died in 1812, aged 31 years. He 
afterward m. Sarah Kaymond of Ashby, who is yet living. 
He was a farmer and resided in Winchendon the latter 
part of hi? life. Sevcril of his cli. arc now living. 



•J4 

(i(H)DHNo\v, ]*J.i.)Aii, I Idcst s. of JuHIlS (J (.odcilO V, (if 
I^oylston, I), ill ITG."^ ainl d. sudvU nl y in l^-Jl,a^c-(i 5:1 
years, lie in. lumicc. <i.in, oi Micnu Ilarlhan, who suv- 
vivfd liini and d. in INJ^. aL,-cd .JfJ years. They had ten 
eh., onlv three td' whom are now living. lie resided witii 
liis lather-in-law, a^.si^lin[r him in the managing of his 
l.ani and other matters. In li^04, he erected a distillciy 
Nvhirh svas used several years fur manufacturing gin and 
cider brandy. These ])remises are situated near the l*>ap- 
lisr meetinghouse, and are now in the ])ossession of 
CJeorge Holmes, a s. of the late Thomas Holmes of this 
town. 

H.VDLY, ]->riiJiATM, Avas b. in Sterling, came to this 
town and m. rrudence, dau. of John Dinsmore, in 17'.*'.). 
He (1. in 1!^14, being nearly 40 years of age, and after his 
»iecease, she m. Jonathan Nichols of Holden, and d. in 
IS.OG. Mr. Iladly was a cooper, and when not cngagfd 
in that business, labored where he could find (•mi)loymfiii , 
He resided in this town some 1 *) or 20 years. 

Hakthax, David, eldest s. of ]Micah Harthan, b. i:\ 
1704 and d. in 1S23, aged .09 years. He m. Prudence, 
dau. ol Jacob Winn, and had six ch., only two of whon. 
are now living. She survived him and d. in 1840, u'jcA 
70 vears. He d. suddenly and alone, in consequence of a 
fall. He was a miller, having attended a grist mill fron: 
his boyhood until his decease. He was the jiroprietor «>1 
the well known and far famed Harthan Mills in this town. 
His dwelling ])lace was situated about oO rods north of 
tlie railroad station in this town. 

Hinds, Jacoi!, s. of Ijcnjamin Hinds, b. in 1707 and o'. 
in lS.r2, aged 85 years. He m. Elizabeth, dan. of Jona- 
than Fawcett of Ijoylston, uho survived him and d. i:. 
1850, aged 82 years. They liad four ch., three of whoir. 
luive deceased. He settled on the homestead wlierc 1..; 
resided the earlier portion of his life, but eventually lef: 
the place of his nativity and resided M'ith his son in the 
south part of the town until his decease. He *.vas a furir.- 
cr and much in the habit oi' originating new schemes :ind 
urojects L>f a i^^.dlosophica! and. >cientiHc character, sa.'.ri 



fiolnrr mucli lime and expense in piitliu;,; iIilmii into opera- 
• liDii Tor the purpose of trial ami cxporiment. 

JliXDs, .Tosiipir, Es(|., s. ol" Benjamin Hinds,!), in 1773 
and d. in ISIjo, a;,;ed G2 yuars. in 1798, lie ni. l{cd)c-L'ca 
Sawyer of Sleriiir^-, wlio is now livin^";, bciir^ 82 ycMi-.s of 
i.^'O. They had :::c'ven cli., lour of whom aio now livini;-. 
llu was a bookbinder and a larnici-, succcvssiully pursnin;^ 
aiul inanaL^in^.^ two kimls of bu.sinos.s at the same time. 
JL' was a jirominent, useful citizen of the town, being fre- 
ipicntly clioson by the inliabitants to fill offices of trust 
and responsibility, and several times represented the town 
in the State Le;j;islature. Jlis residence was 70 rods 
^ollth of the Common. 

Holt, Aekl, s. of Ihir/.ilia Ilolt of Ijoylston.b. in 17-13 
and d. in 18! o, aii;c;d 72 ye-irs. lie m. J-hmico, dan. of 
Henry Keyes of ]]o)bt()n, who survived him and d. in 
1810, a.:;ed 0-3 years. They had bix s, antl two dan., two 
of Avlioni are nmv living. He \v;is a I'armer, and resided 
one mile south of the Common, on the premises now in 
the possession of Cyras L. Kniglit. 

Holt, Alill, a younger brother of Abol Holt, was \n. in 
ill the earlv [)art of life and h;id several cli., some of whom 
arc now living. His wih) d. in 1810, aged oO years. He 
snrvived his v;ifo au'l d. in 181,3. He occupied tlio farm 
during the foKmer part of his life time, now in the posses- 
sion of Brigham Prescott, situated in the north part of tlie 
town, on the old road lead to Sterling. 

Holt, James, was a s. of Earzilia Holt, Ji'., of Ev^yl- 
ston. He d. in 1855, being- about 84 years of age. In 
1800, ni. Eunice, dau. ofDea. Asa Lovell, who d. in 1S21, 
by an act of suicide in consequence of mental derange- 
ment. They had several ch., some of' whom are yet 
living. He resided in the west part of tlie town about 
20 years of the earlier part of his life, being the proprie- 
tor and occupant of a small farm. 

Holt, Jonas, s. of Abel Holt, b. in 1779 and d. in 
1853, aged 73 years. In 1802, he m. Anne Wran, who 
d. in 1845, aged G5 years. They had severed eh., four 
of whom are now liviiig. He was a carpenter, and resid- 
ed half a mile south of the Common on the old road lead- 



'.i.g to Worcester. I'hu pvcnil.scs are now in Uie posses- 
sion of Jiis soil, Ward K. iiolt. 

Howe, Alvax, in the earlier part of life was a resident 
• 'f Shrewsbury. lie in. Mary \\'illini(t()n, liatl a hir;:c 
fanily CI ch., removed to this town perhaps in lSU'2or 
about that time. Me resided in tlie north part of the 
town on the premises now in the possession of the West 
Jioylslon Manufacturing Comj^.any. L'or several years he 
M'as the occupant of a orist mill then standinur near the 
location of the brick factory riow occu])ied by the afore- 
said Company. He d. in 1820., aged 60 years. His wife 
survived him a few years and also died. 

Howe, Hir.vm, s. of Nathan Howe of Shrewsbury, b. 
i:i 1775 and d. in 1829, aged o4 years. He m. Olive, 
(lau, of Micah Harthan, wlio survived him and d. in ISlj'i, 
a^'cd 78 years V\\2y hid several c!i., live of whom -are 
now living. He was the proprietor of a iarm in the north 
part of the town on the old road leading to Sterling, where 
lie resided at the time of his decease. Since that time the 
house has been burned, and lluj farm divided and sold to 
different individuals and is no lon;.;er a family residence. 

JoiiNSOx, I'l.MOTiiv, with his family removed from 
Sutton to this town in 180.}, having purchased the black- 
smith shop then situated near where tlie factory belonging 
to Eli W. Holbrook now stands. Here he pursued the 
business of manufacturing and vending scvthes for a few 
years, having built a dwelling-house for liis convenience 
a:id accommodation, when he sold his cstahlishment to Ja- 
cob and Ezekiel Peircc and removctl back to Sutton where 
he afterward died, 

Keyes, Reuben, eldest s, of Simeon Kcyes, b. in 17GG, 
IV.. Olive, dau. of Capt, Joseph Bigelow, had two sons, one 
of whom is now^ living. He was a blacksmdth, and erect- 
ed a sho[) on the premises now occupied by Charles Morse, 
near the railroad station in this town, where he pursued 
the business of iiis occupation awhile, and then disposed 
of his establishment and built a dwelling-house now in the 
possession of N, H. Goodalc, where he resided a few years, 
tiien sold out and removed to l^arre, Vt., where he d. at an 
idvanced age, his wife and eldest s. having previously de- 
ceased. 



Keyes, Thomas, Jr., eldest s. of Thomas Keyes, b. in 
17<)7 and d. in lS5fi, aged 89 years, lie m. Lydia, dau. 
of Micah Harthan, in 1791, and had six ch., only one of 
whom is now living. She d. in 1&2-1, in the GOtli year of 
her age. He was a farmer and settled on the homestead 
with his father, where he resided durinjr the whole period 
of his life. Ho was respected by his fellow citizens, who 
frequently selected him to fill stations of trust and re- 
sponsibility. He became tlie proprietor of the homestead 
hy inheritance from his father, and left the same with ad- 
ditions and iuiprovcments to his only surviving son, l^en- 
jainin F. Keyes. 

KiLBiiux, Levi, was b. in Sterling, and there m. Cath- 
erine, dau, of Manassah Sawyer, from thence he removed 
with his family to tiiis town, having purchased a small 
farm situated in the north part of the town, now in the 
possession of John S. Cutting, where he resided until his 
decease, which occurred in 1847, aged 7^3 years. His 
wife d. in 1850, and he afterward m. a second wife who 
survived him and d. in 1857. He had four ch. who are 
now living. 

LovELL, As.v, Dea., s. of Jonathan J^ovell, one of the 
early settlers of this town, b. in 1751 and d. in 1814, aged 
G3 years. He m. Betty Ilaymond, had one s. and hve 
dau., three of whom are now Jiving. His wife survived 
him and in 1825 m. Paul Goodale, and also survived him. 
Dea. Lovell was the proprietor and occupant of a farm riow 
in the possession of h>astus Broad, situated a mile west 
of tlie Common, on the north Maiden Hill road leading 
to Holden. He was a m;in of integrity and exemplary 
character, and a valuable citizen 

Lovell, Amos, s. of Jonathan Lovell, b. in 1753 and 
d. in 1815, aged 02 years. He m. Mary liall of Concord, 
had three s. and five dau., four of wIidui are now living. 
His wife survived him and d. iu 183;], at the age of 7 7 
years. He was a farmer and resided near his brother, Aj-.i 
Lovell, on the farm originally occupied by his father, and 
now in the possession of his grandson, Addison liOvell. 

Lovell, Amos, Jr., eldest s. of Amos Lovell, b. in 
1782, and is now living. In 1307, he m. Martha, eldest 



28 

dau. of Abel Li-elow, ulio d. in 1807, a-ed 64 ycuiv 
'i licy had ihreo ?., two of wlioni are now liviiii;-. IIo \va:< 
a farmLn- and soUled on the homestead with his father, 
v.-lierc he resided during- the cariior part of his life, but 
eventually relinqui>!ied the po.^;-es.,ion of tlic preuiises to 
liis son, Addison Ljvell, and er-cleil ;-. l:iri;-e coinm jd:ous 
dwelling-house near the Common^ where he iias since 
resided. • . 

^^.l-vsox, Samuel, was b. probably as early as 17;".:. and 
d. in 183U, being over 80 years of age. He was m., and 
had several cli , sonic of whom are now living, lie was a 
farmer and resided in the iiortlnvest part of the town, oc- 
cupying the farm now in the posses.^ion of his c!;iKiren, 
John and Lucy Mason. 

Masox, Daxiel, ,s. of Samuel r.Iason, b. in 1780 and 
d. in 1818, aged oi years, ile d. by au act of suicide, 
supposed to be in consccpience of a depve-ysion of mind 
or a kind of mental derangement, to wliich he seemed to 
be constitutionally predisposed, lie was somewhat re- 
served and serious in his general deportment; industrious 
and frugal in his habits, and respected by his iViends and 
associates in lii'e. 

May, E/.iiA, was b. in Sterling in 1772 and d. in 1815, 
aged 40 years. IIo m. Elizabeth, dau. of Ja!)L'z I'airbank, 
who survived him and d. in 1845, aged l-') years. Tliey 
::ad several cli., two of v/hom are now iiviiig-. lie set'- 
tled on a farm in tlie nortiiwest part of this lown, now in 
tlic possession of his son, John May, v. here he, resided 
until his decease. 

.Mayxaud, Calyi.v, came from Marlboro" in ISO I, was 
a trader occupying a store ncur the Common in ih:s town, 
wdiere he continued in business about live years, when he 
removed to ^Sterlinir, and there c^labli.-Iicd liijn.-.clf as a 
trader, lie m. Olive, dau. of John I,. AVhiting, and resid- 
ed in Sterling a few years, whui they both d., leaving 
no children. 

Meki:ifield, yVsAPir, was 1). in 1711 and d. in 18LM), 
aged 70 years. He removed with his fimily iVam Slier- 
burne to tliis town in 178.;, having- piirclrased a firm situ- 
ated in the southwest part of th.e ^own, now occupied by 



! 

29 

Ira Warren, who m. one of his dau., wlierc he resided un- 
til liis decease. His wife survived him and d. in 1845, 
aged 89 years. He had ten cli., several of whom are now 
living. 

Mehrifield, Louis, s. of Asaph Merrificld,b. in 1781 
and d. in 1851, aged 70 years. He in. Phebe, dau. of 
Sylvanus Morse, wlio died in 1839, a-]jed 60 years. Tiicy 
liad several ch., one of whom is now living. They rcsiil- 
cd with her father assisting him in the management of his 
farm. After the father's decease, he became the proprie- 
tor of the farm, and v.as the occupant thereof during the 
continuance of his life, leaving the prendscs as a patrimo- 
ny to his only son, Louis W. Merrillcld. He was m. a 
second time, his wife survived him and d. in 185o, aged 
C2 years. 

Mooui", Israel, s. of Dea. Israel Moore, b. in 1777 
and d. in Ihll, aged o4 years. He m. Mary Cheney, 
dau. of Paul Goodale, who survived him and afterwards 
m. Nathan Rogers of Holden, where she d. in 1828, aged 
50 years. Mr. Moore settled on a farm in the north part 
of this town, adjoining that occupied by his father, where 
he resided a few years and then sold out and removed to 
the hoM'cstead, of which he became the proprietor at the 
decease of his father, where he resided until his own de- 
cease. He had two sons and two daughters who are now 
living, the eldest son, James H. Moore, being now the pro- 
prietor and occupant of the homestead. 

MooiiE, Joel, s. of Dea. Israel Moore, b. probably in 
1780, m. Susanna Kennan, of Rutland, and settled on a 
small farm half a mile north of the Beaman place, on the 
road leading to Lancaster, and now the residence of L. D. 
Newton. He afterward removed to Holden where he d. 
in 185G, aged 76 years. He had ch. some of whom to- 
gether with their mother are now living. 

MooRE, Asa., youngest s. of Dea. Israel Moore, b. per- 
haps in 1784 or about that time. He m. Sabia, dau. ol 
Dea. Asa Lovell, in 1804, and settled on a farm in the 
north part of this town, now held and occupied by a fam- 
ily of aliens. He removed from this town, afterward fre- 
quently changing his residence, and now resides in Hub- 



30 

banlsloii. Ills \\[['c. d. in 18.3-i, a-cd G3 years, and lie U 
;igain connected in inarriafre. 

Mojisr:, Syla anus, s. cf Joi-.o])Ii ^lorsc, one of the 
early setller.s of this town, b. in 17 10 ;ind d. in ISlu, 
aired GG years, lie ni. Ph'-l)c Church of New Marlburo\ 
v.-ho d. in the meridian ol^ liil'. Tlu-y had f^evcral cIj., all 
of them having deceased, lie ws a iarnicr and c!Il!■in^ 
the I ittcr j)art of his life, occupied tlic jjremises ori-innf- 
ly belonging to his fatlier where he resnlcd uu'Sl hi-i 
decease. 

MoiisE, JosF.i'ir, s. of Josoi)h :\Iursc. b in 17oS and d. 
in 182G, aged GS years, lie r.i. .Sojdiia, dan, cf ]!LMJaini:i 
]3igciow, one of the early settlers gC this t()\^n, win) ^ur- 
vivcd him anul d. in 18:j], ng-il 70 yeais. 'Ihev had nine 
ch., fonrof wliom aro now liwaL;, 'riic i':,nn c:! w'.iicU he 
residi^l is liiroj-fonnhs.of a ni'.lo north nl ti.j Cinnmun, 
and lately in iho posi^c-sion cd' liis gr.-.nd.<on, .Tt.'seph 
?|[ors:', now deceasjd. A cnnsi.li'r:dde portion of this 
farm once belonged to the elder .lo.apli .Moi-o. li is an 
incident worthy of notice, that f .nr persons having t!;c 
same name in a rei^alar line of divalent, liave sucee.- .lively 
hehl and occujned llie same p-remisL'S during a periv)d of 
more than one hundred Atars. 

:Murdock, Artkmas, Dea., ( hlest s. of William ^Jar- 
dock of \\'cstinin'-tLr, b. in i77o and d. in iS^o, aged 79 
years. lie m. Keziah (lark of Mediieid, and came to tins 
tvwnin ISOl. He suttL.'d on the p--einises now in the 
possession of his eldest s , D.ivid C. ?,;urdoch, v.hi're ho 
worked, being ii cabim't maker. His wife d. in 18 IS, 
aged CS years. They had nine eh., seven of whom are 
now living. Dea. Murdoch was u valuable and exemplary 
citizen, possessing a nnld, pacific temperament and di^po"- 
silion, together with that Jnmesty of ])urpose and integri- 
ty of character, which enabled 'him in all hnsincss m.Jt- 
ters and transactions to act with that fairness and just 
regard for the rights and interests of oti)ers, tha_,t secureil 
for him the respect and esteem of ail \\ith v.hom he 
chanced to have intercourse relative to the common allair.-' 
nt lile. He d. suddenly, a victim to extreuAe pain ami 
sufferinu. 



.31 

MrunocK, Jo.NiiL'A, Dca., a younger hrothor of Arto- 
m:is MurJuck, Was b. ia 17sO. He iii. ('Iaiis,s:i ILntslioi ii 
ni" Afedii'jkl, and in 1 800, SL>ttlcd in tins town near liis 
brother, tlK> jjlice of liis residence being now iri the pos- 
session of X. li. Good de. Jle was a e.ibinet nuducr and 
worked wiih l,i.s brother. In 1 Si 1. he lenioved to Lei- 
cester, aiul there has continued to pursue his occupation 
\yit!i sii:cjss^ and advanta- •. His wife d. in kSl7, aj^e.l 
Go years. 'Diey had live cli., lour uf whom arc now 
living. 

N.*.sir, Wir.T.iA'.i, r.ev., tiio iirst minister of tkis town, 
was a native (d' W ilkatn.-daur:.:, H'anii;;diire County, ^rass., 
was b. in ITGJ and (k in l^rl.), aevd (SO vean-. iJe came 
here in ITll-i and ]r;eac1icd as a cmdidate for settlement, 
and was ordained Oct. 11, 1797, as a minister of iIk' 
church and society pr.n ionsly organized ia the second pre- 
cinct of Ik.vlston, Sterling, and Ilolden. In ly01,<^r 
about til It tiiue, .Mr. A'axh in. kdi/.ahclh Doubleday, and 
liaviiig purchased a farm in the pouth psrt of thc"tou n. 
now occ'Ji)i-d by ]) P. u'orec-Ucr, sellh'd thereon, wiiere 
he continued to re-ddc until bl's decease, lie caitinued 
in the mini-.try until hSlJ, wiicn hi:s connection witli the 
chuch and saei-ty was formally tlissolved at his own re- 
quest. His oidy surviving s., Chai-l-s Ixash, iiov/ resides 
in ^Vorc.:s;er. 

Xi:v/ro.v, Silis, was b. in 1770 and d. in 183(1, aged 
Of) years. He came from Paxton to this town in the ear- 
lier part of life, m. Eunice, youngest dan. of Ezra Bea- 
man, ICsq., who survived him and Is yet living, being 8-1 
years of age. He had no pcrmar.ent abode, frequentlv 
changing l)i.«i residence utitil 1810, Avhen he purchased a 
farm now in the posses.iion of his .son, Jabez P. Xewton, 
situated in the northwest j)art of tliis toAvn, wliere he set- 
tled and resided until !iis deec'.ae. He had six ch , sever- 
al of whom are now living. He was a respectable and 
useful citizen, heing frequently elected to i>laces of trust 
and responsibility, and once represented the town in the 
State Legislature. In 1811, he united with the Congrega- 
tional church, and afterwards became a [noaiinent membei 
of the (]:!!)ti<t cluirch. 



ii// '.w 



!^->; 



•M' ■ ■, !;i') 



IV2 

Paine, Ebrnezhk, was b. in 1777 and d. in 1847, a^^a'd 
70 years. Jle canio with his family to this town, proba- 
bly in 1800, and settled on tlio f<irai ])reviously in the pos- 
session of Israel Moorj, an 1 now adjoining the farm of 
James II. Moore, in the north part of the town, where he 
continued ids residence until his decease. His wife tl. in 
1S25, at the age of -19 years. He afterward m. widow 
Cynthia Harthan, who survived him and d. in 1H49, aged 
G I years. They had ch., some of whom are now living. 

Perry, Moses, was b. in 17-33 and d. in 1843, aged 
S5 years. lie removed with his family from Hopklntoii 
to tliis town in 1^01, and settled on the farm once occu- 
pied by Ebenezer Inglesby, an early settler, and now thu- 
residence of Jabe/, B. Newton. Here he resided nine or 
ten years and removed to tiie stale of Maine. He remain- 
ed in that state a dozen years, then returned and re^ided 
in this town until his d'jcease. lie bad several cli., some 
of whom are now living. His wii'e d. in 1843, previous 
to his death, aged 84 years, they having been connected in 
nnrriage 04 years. 

Perry, Joseph, «. of I\Ioses Perry, b. in 17 70, came 
from Ilopkinton to this town in 1801. He ni. Sarah, 
daughter of Manassah Sawyer, was a carpenter, resided 
with his father a few years, and tlien removed to the state 
of Maine where he and his wife are yet living. 

Peiroe, Oliver, s. of Josiah Peir:e of Worcester, b. 
probably as early as 1750 and d. in 1813. He had a fam- 
ily and resided in the south part of tliis town, and occu- 
pied the farm now in the possession of Nathan Morse, 
where he continued to reside until his disease. His wife 
died in 1831. Ho had some eight or ten ch , several of 
whom are yet living. 

Peirce, Levi, s. of Josiali Pierce, b. in 17G0 and d. 
in 1833, aged 73 years. He m. Porsis Ilobinson who sur- 
vived him, and d. in 1833 aged 71 years. She was a na- 
tive of Lexington and distinctly recollected the battle 
fought in that place in 177.3, the approach of the Britisli 
troops, and other scenes which there occurred on that 
memorable occasion. They had seven ch., all of whom 
arc now living. His residence was in the south part of 



the (o'.\-ii, uclug nj\v in iho ]i()sscssio,n of I.ukc llips'y, 
lie v.-j:,s -i r.urwyvjr and wa.-j much cmployetl in that occi;- 
pution. 

]'i:i!1;'m:, Hollis, eklost .s. of Oliver P^irco, b. jicrhap^ 
in 1777, or aboul lliat tinit^, and d. in ISoS. J [c ni. I/vi- 
cinda ' L<'rrii:cUl, who d. previous to HMO ] [e ;ilt'^ r\var(i.s 
m. MiM-cy ?.I,'rrihoUl of tliis t()^',n, who survived Iiiin and p.. 
Timtvdiy i-'arl-^r and reuiovcd lo tho state of N. Y. ilo 
built a 'lunsj and resided durinL;- the earlier part id" lile 
hair a leile north (d' tlic ('i)ir.nion. The ])i-eini ses a.r'.' uov/ 
occupied lyv --torr.^ j'.hhidi^e. lie at'terw.irds re.ddvd ^outli 
of tiie Comnion and tliere deeea:jed. lie ii id ch., some ui" 
whom arj no .v livin;;-. 

P;:rKi:r, JA:n:s, r,. of Oliver Peiree, b. in 1770 and 0. 
in 18 11, a ;ed Go years. He m. Sally Pi^ke of lbdd(;:i 
v/ho is no.v livin;.';- 'i'iioy had several eh., aome of v,'honi 
are also livin.;-. lie v^-as a farmer and resided in tlie soutli 
{)a]t of t!r> to'.vn, the prcinisoo bein;.;- now in the posses- 
sion of his yonn^c. t son, Lyman Peirce, 

Pi:ii'.ei:, Jacoi^ came from Sutton to this town in ISOo, 
bcin:i,- ovir'Jl year.s of a<;-a. iPa v/as a blacli-sruitli an 1 
work'jd wi'h Timothy Johnson at .scythe i.oakine;, lie 
eventually became the pro])rietor of the establishment in 
conni' tion witii a youiiL^'er brother. Iw 181)8 he m. Aym- 
bah, chh'.-t diu. of Oliver Gi.i/aer of this t:nvn ; and in 
182.'j sold out hii interest in business to his brotlear 1'//.l-- 
kicl i'eirLi\ and r..,:iiovcd to Xortiiboro' v,hcre he drjd. 

Pr,i M r ri-N-^, Jux.vtii.vn', renioved Aa)i;i Shr-'W.-bury tv) 
this t;:.wn in I8UJ v.dth his (ami!)', and ..'^ettlcd on a larm 
in the soul'mpavt; of the town, pre\ i^)udy 'oacupi-tl liy 'i'im- 
othy iii!dr.::t!i and nov.' in the possession of James 1). 
Moore. Here he resided 20 years and d., bcinir probably 
about 70 \ v.'irs of a'.^e. Iii:swile had irrevixusly deceased. 
They ii;'.d two s jus and perhaps other ( ii'.ldL\!t. 

I^Li.MP rov, .loxATiiAX, Jr., eldast s. of Jonathan Plimp- 
ton, reside I in th:' sauth part of the town cm tiie ])remi-,e.s 
]iow in tli,' po.'sassion o! J. P. J'aimes. [w 1 --(IG he ni. 
Petsev ] laii-is of this town, who d. in ISIO, lie subse- 
qiientlv m, Ivatiiee i*eirce of lloldeii, and d. in I'iio, air^"'! 



,1 : :■.)■ ■:) 

■•■'* . '\ ■■.o,J 



i- ■ :. >)'.'. 



31 

o3 years. His uife survived him ami m. ]'^dtiiuii(l Brig- 
luim — she also survived him and died in I.S-jT. 

PrwEscoTT, BRK.jfVM, s. uf Jon.thaii Tr-scott, b. in 
1783, and m. in 1807 l-lunieo, the youngest ilau. of Abel 
Holt, 'i'liey are both now liviiicr, havin^j; been connected 
in the married state 51 years. They liave had lour ch. 
two of whom are now livin;jr. j\Ir Trescott is the ])ro[)ric- 
tor and occupant of a farm in tlic north part of the town, 
formerly the residence of Ablcl Holt. As a niai\i!cbt:'tion 
of confidence and respect, he v>as three successive years 
chosen by the citizens uf this town to rc})resent them in 
the State Legislature. 

ruiiscoTT, John, s. of Jonathan Prescott, b. in 1783, 
<1. in 1848, aged G3 years. He ni. Ihmice, dan. of John 
Dinsmore, who is now living. His residence was in the 
north part of the town, near the residence of George Dana 
on the road leading to Lancaster. They' had several ch. 
who arc now living, and with v^hom the mother resides. 

Head, John, was b. in lUuIand in 1770. He came to 
this town in early life, ni. Hannah Dwelley, and settled 
in the southwest part of the tov/n, residing successively on 
the premises now severally occupied by Lenjamin Lei>, 
Moses Fisher, and Jose|ih C. Lovell In the latter part 
of his life he erected a conuncdious dwelling house near 
the Common, now in t'le possession of t^iias Dinsmore, 
whore he resided until his decease which occurred in lSo8, 
at the age of GO years. He had four ch , two of whom 
arc now living. He w^.s a suc.'essfui farmer and held in 
jjosscssion a large estate at the time of his decease. His 
wife survived him and d. in 1850, aged 77 years. 

Sii.vTTCJOK, Tii.vDDr.us, was b. ill 175J and d. in 1819, 
aged G7 years. He came to thi.i ti)wn in the earlier part 
of life, ni. Susannah Wait of Sterling, and settled a niilc 
from the Beaman phice on tlie old road leading to Sterling, 
where he resided until his decease. His wife survived him 
and d. in 1831. He had two S'Uis wdio survived him and 
have since deceased. 

Shattuok, Wai/it-R, s, lif Thaddens Sliattuck, burji 
in 1778, and d. in 1843, aged 1 years. He ni. JJetsey, 
eldest dau. of Jeremiah Morse, an<l resided on the home- 
stead with his fatlicr v.here he continued his residence 



.. .MM.(, .<!;:i;i. 



■'-^ 17788S6 



tlirou.;Ii life ; his w'dc survived him and is now living. 
He was a cooper aiul pursued tluit occupation as long as 
he was able to labor. 

S.\[[Tit, Isaac, was b. perhaps as early as 17;35, came 
to this town in l7So, m. Prudence Catting, and settled on 
a farm one mile west from the Comnion now belonging to 
L. W, Merrilield, wliere he resided until his decease. His 
wife d. ill 1801, and in 1802 lie m. a widow Home of 
Southboro', who survived him and d. in 1846. He d. 
in 1824, having had six ch., four of whom are deceased. 
He was a si)ldier of tiie revolution, and ])erformed good 
service for his country during that memorable struggle I'or 
liberty and independence, imd by tlio faithlul discharge of 
liuty and the fatigue and hardship enduretl, he merited 
and ought to receive the gratitude and veneration of the 
present and future generations. lie was truly one of 
those brave spirits, who by their persevering elforts and 
untold sufleringb', helped to consummate the i)atriotic and 
noble enterprise in which they were engaged. 

Smith, John', was born in Southboro' in 1773. In the 
earlier r);irt of life he resided in Boylaton, and m. a clau. 
of Artemas Maynard, who lived but a few years after their 
marriage. He afterwards m. Martha Hastings, and in 
180 1 removed to this town where he d, in 18o;3, aged 81 
years. His wife survivetl him and is still living. He had 
eleven ch., six have died, and live are now living. He 
formerly worked at shoemaking, but latterly at painting. 
Hii residence was a sliort distance south of tlie Common, 
being now the re:3ldcncc of his son Stephen H. ISmith. 

Stoxe, Simon', removed with his family from IJolton to 
thi.-3 town in 1807, being ])robably about 2o yrs. of age. He 
was a shoemaker, and resided successively in dilferent 
parts of the town about 20 years, v.dieu he removed to 
Princeton, and there became the occujiant of a f:'.rm where 
he with his family still reside. 

Temtle, John-, the eldest s. of Jonas Temple of Boyls- 
ton, was b. in 17G2 and d. in 1841, aged 79 years. In 
1791 he m. Lois, daughter of IMicali Harthan, who d. in 
1702, aged 22 years. In 1793 he m. Persis, dan. of Ezra 
Ikaman, Esq., previously the wife of Dr. Amariah Bigclow. 



v/j,; ■<■ 









, '-M'; 



:d:i :H-li.:'W 



Mr Temple was an enterprising, j^ucll.-m'uI k.V;!,; r, j:.. >scss- 
in^ and occupyini;- an exteii.sive farm t.lLniilcil in il.e south, 
erly part of tlie town, ibrnicrly the ri.oiuer.ce oi' ])ea. 
Amariah Ei:,^(,-lo\v, an oavly settler ;,n'! {iuinlncnt cili/.eu 
of tlie town, and now in the po;.-^e .-ivjii of Jldivjund V. 
Brij^liam. His sccokd v.ii'c d. in i;;.')!-, :);;cJ TO v(;:rs. — 
.She had three ch, wliilc t^hc w:'s the wife of l)i. D'^htw, 
and three after her second niarria.e, — o)-,c of ( i.h tn-.nioli 
lias deceased. I\lr 'i'eiuple ^\•as ;i pioininont, aeli;.- c;li/.cn, 
possessin;.^ an enicrpri/in:r, cncrj^-elic tenipcraiweiit, tvi^^etli- 
cr with iirnmess and duei-vion, v.liicli enabled hiia to act 
])romptly and nnhesitatinirly in nialtcis of in(!:iieni: and 
iinpoitance. lie w.;s chosen !L^eve::d successive years I>v 
tlie citizens of the town as cliaiii/ian hi the lhj:;rd of So- 
lectnicn ; and frecjucnily Avas cnlh'd to (he jKrfon/.nrA'e of 
other in)j)ortanc dnties o\' a j.nblic charr.ctcr. Alter tlie 
decease of his second wife, he ni. Tolly Didiin of lioylston, 
uho survived hiin and d. in 18ou. 

Tj-mtle, Isaac, yoiinirest s. of Jonas U'eniple, b. in 
1781, and d. in 1832 ai^ed -18 years, in l^.Ub, hem. 
Hannah Stillman iJigelow of tliis town, a.nd scaled on the 
homestead, occupying his father's farm. In I81G, after 
the death of his haher, which occurred in 1815, he kit 
the homestead and became tlie occu.pant of the premises 
formerly tlie residence *of Ca^^it. Joseph liigclow, situated 
a short distance west of the Cominon, v,herc he resided 
until his decease. His wife d. in IJ'oO, aecd C\ 3ears. 
They had three ch. but one of v.-!io;n is now livir.LT. 

TiroMAS, AViLi.iA.M, was b. 1". 2 3 and died in 1810, 
aged 8.3 years. He came to this (own and settled on the 
farm now the residence of D.ivid D. Trescott, situated 
half a mile northwest from the railroad station at Oahdale, 
where he resided until his decease. He wris m. and had 
two sons who survived him. His wife. d. in 1781, aged 
43 years. He was again m., his w ife survived him and d. 
in 1831, aged 88 years. Ho possessed a peculiar relish 
for literature and science, and devoted much time to read- 
ing and study, thereby becoming intelligent and interest- 
ing to those with whom he associated. He had also a pe- 
culiar taste for astronomical research and calculation, his 
bias and genius being strongly fixed in that direction. 



37 

Thomas, Robert B., Esq., eldest s. of William Tliom- 
as, b. ill 17G6 and d. in 1840, aged 80 years, lie m. 
Hannah Bcaman of Princeton, who survived him, and d. 
in 1855, aged 81 years. He resided in the northNvest 
l)art of the town, two miles from the Common, occupying 
a small farm now the residence of iJea. Joseph White, and 
near the railroad station at Oakdale. He \vas a promi- 
nent man in the town, was the first Town Clerk after the 
incorporation of the town, several times chairman of the 
Board of Selectmen, represented the town in the State Con- 
vention of 1820 for revising the Constitution, and was sev- 
eral years a member of the State Legislature. He originat- 
ed and established tiie '' Farmers' A lnuuiacJc " in 1793, 
annually preparing and furnishing the matter for that popu- 
lar manual for more than 50 years. He accumulated a 
large amount of property, leaving no children to inherit 
and retain his estate after his decease. He died intestate, 
leaving his estate to his widow and two children of a de- 
ceased brother who were his only legal heirs. 

Thomas, Aaron, youngest s. of William Thomas, b. 
ill 17G9 and d. in 1833, aged 64 years. Hem. Lydia, 
dau. of Dca. Ebenezer Mason of Sterling, who survived 
him a few months and d. the same year, aged 62 years. 
They had three oh., two of whom "iire now living. He 
resided in the northwest part of the town near the place of 
his father's residence, occupying a fium, although unable 
to perform much labor thereon, in consequence of partial 
ileprivation of sight. He enjoyed the confidence and re- 
spect of his family and others, leaving his ch. a valuable 
j)atrimony at his decease. 

White, Peter, was b. perhaps in 1770, or about that 
time. He m. Sally Moore, and settled in this town in 
1797. He liad one son and two daughters, one of whom 
d. young. His s. obtained an education and became a 
settled minister of the gospel in the State of Maine. He 
^vas a clothier, and pursued that business while he resided 
here. His place of residence and business was near Har- 
than's Mills, the premises being now occupied by Ruel 
G. Co wee. In 1813 lie sold out and removed to Spring- 
iield, Vt., where he and his wife have since deceased. 
4 



US 

Vv JiiTTAKER, JosETii, Av.'is probably b. as early as 17.50, 
or previous to tliat time, lie J. In 1811. Ho m. a dau. 
of William V/liitney, one orUie early settlers of this town. 
He resided on or near the premises orij^inally occupied by 
^Ir. Wliitney, situated in the nortlnvest part of the town 
and now occupied by his grandson, Luther Whittaker. 

Wilder, IIeubex, s. of Asa Wilder, b. in 1757 and 
^'.. ill 1832, aged 75 years. He m. Mary Peircc of Boyls- 
ton, who d. in 1807, leaving; several children. In 1808 
liC 111. widow Thankful Whilcomb of this town, who sur- 
vived him and d. in 1855, a-;ed £0 years. He v/as a black- 
smitli and farmer, and resided in the north part of the 
town, on the premises originally occupied by his grand- 
father, Josiah Wilder, and after v/ards by his father, and 
now occupied by Jolin Brace who is llic legal proprietor 
tliereof 

Willi NGTox, Ei^exf.zeu, was b. in 17oS and d. in 
1835, aged 67 years. He m. Susannah, dau. of Jonas 
Gale, wdiod. in 1833, aged G4 yearo. They had five ch. 
'v/o of whom are living. He was a blacksmith and also 
a farmer, and resided in the soutlicrly part of llu; town oa 
the premises crigirially occupied by Mr. Gale, and now in 
tlie j)os5C3sion of G. W. Mathews. 

Winn, John', s. of Jacob \Vinn,'b. in 1760 and d. in 
1843, aged 83 years. He m. Abigail Cross of Boston, who 
d. ill 1853, aged 89Yrs. They had ch., some of whom are 
now living. He resided in the north part of the town, 
v/as a cooper, and occupied the premises formerly the res- 
idence of his father, and now in tlie possession of Robert 
C. Toombs. 

V\^iNN, William, s. of William V/inn formerly of this 
town, born perhaps in 1780, or about that time. He m. 
Dolly Goss of Sterling — w\is a cooper, and resided half a 
mile north of the Beaman ])lace, occupying the premises 
now in the possession of \Vindsor Mur.se. He removed 
from this town, and afterwards died in mature life. 



// , : ! V 



'~i .D onv/ 



m 



RESIDENTS— NOT VOTERS. 



The following persons were residents here in 1S08, nnd 
eacli at the liead of a family, but were not legal voters : 

Boynton, Abid, \Yas b. perhnps in 1755, or about that 
Umc, and d. in 1810. He m. Lois Ttaymond who surviv- 
ed him, and was again m. and left this town. He resided 
in the north part of this town, near Stillwater river, an.l 
liad a numerous family of children. 

Carrull, Benjamin, removed from Kutland with his fam- 
ily to this town in 1807. His wife d. in 1808 and in 1809 
he left the town. He was a carpenter and millwright. 

Dinsmore^ John, was b. probably before 1750 and d. In 
1811. Hem. Sarah AVinn who survived him and d. in 
1837. They had some eight or ten ch., two of whom are 
210W living. He resided one mile north of the Beaman 
place, where he continued his residence until his decease. 

Farr, Simeon, a native of Stowe, b. in 1745, came to 
this town in 1790, and d. in 1810, aged 65 years. He 
m. Mary Snow of this town, who d. in 1800. In 1803 Jie 
m. Phebc Bianchardof Harvard, who survived him and re- 
turned to that town after his decease. 

Ilathcrly, IViomas, wash, in 1743, and d. in 1828, aged 
85 years. He was a native of England where he was 
pressed into the military service when young, and came to 
this country wiili the Jh-itish army, which was stationed at 
Boston at the commencement of the American Bevolution. 
lie deserted from the army, came to this town, was mar- 
ried, and afterwards resided here until his decease. His 
wife survived him and d. in 1833, aged 84 years. 

Kcycs, Benjamin, eldest s. of Benjamin Keyes of Boyls- 
ton, b. in 17G8,came to this town in 1807 and d. in 1821, 
aged 53 years. He m. Annis«, dau. of Capt. Joseph Big- 
elow, who survived hini and d. in 1845, aged 77 year.s. 
They had six ch., four of whom are now livincT. 

Morse, Jeremiah, s. of Joseph ^Morse of Holdcn, b. hi 
2.759 and d. in 1841, aged 82 years. He m. Belief Strat- 



U) iu;jo 






a 



i'. / ,i\»-MUj''' .•.'<"v>'\ 



40. 

ton, who survived him and d. in 1848, aged 87 years. 
They had a numerous family of ch., several of whom are 
now living. He was a shoemaker. 

Prouty, Daniel,, was b. in 1779, and m. Sarah, dau. of 
Aaron Goodale, in 1803, had ch. ; was a shoemaker ; resid- 
ed in the west part of the town one mile from the Common, 
the place of liis residence being now in the possession of 
Jonathan J\I. Keyes. In 1814 lie removed to the far west, 
where lie and his wife have probably died. 

Wilder, Nathan, s. of Abner Wilder, b. in 17G0 and d. 
in 1822, aged G2 years. He was m. and had ch., some of 
whom are now living. His wife d. when about r>0 years 
of asze. 



A BRIEF NOTICE 
Of the Original and Earlier Settlers of West Boyhton, 
the time of their Settlement, i^'c, as nearly as can he 
ascertained. 

Beaman, Jabez, came from Bolton and settled here in 
1746, and d. in 1757, aged 52 years. His wifed. in 1774, 
aged GO years. 

Beaman, Ephraim, s. of Jabez Beaman, settled here 
perhaps in 17G3 and d. in 1805, aged G2 years. He m. 
T'amar Howe of Boylston, who survived him and d. in 
1824, aged 81 years. 

Belknap ^ Stephen, settled in this town previous to 1740 
and died or went elsewhere before 1773. 

Belknap, Ebenezer, settled here in 17G4, and went else- 
where previous to 1773. He m. Silence, daughter of 
David Winch. 

Bennett, Phineas^ settled in this town probably as curly 
as 1740, or previous to that time, and d. here. 

Bigelow, Amariah, Dca., came to this town and setth^d 
perhaps in 1745, and d. in 1780, aged 58 years. He ni. 



41 

S;\ralj Kvelctli of rriuccton Avho survived him and d. in 
1797. 

Bigelow, Benjamin, came here from Marlboro', and 
settled in 1735, afierward moving to Connecticut. lie m. 
a sister of V/illiam Tiiomas of this town. 

Bigelotr, Joseph, Capl., s. of Joseph Bigelow of Boyls- 
tun, settled here in 1750 and d. in 1801, aged 75 years. 
He married Olive, dau. of Jabez lieaman of this town, 
who survived him and d. in 1810, aged 76 years. 

Biih/f, Samuel, came from "Woburn and settled here 
probably as early as 1750, and d. in 1800. His wife d. 
the same year. 

Child, David, t^ettled here perhaps in 1740 or about 
that time, and d. in 1803, aged 92 years. His wife d. in 
1804. 

Cutting, Jonathan, settled here in 1745, or about that 
time, and d. at an advanced age. He had a large family 
of children. 

I'lstahrooh, Samuel, came from Concord and settled in 
tliis town perhaps as early as 1750, and d. here, beinj 
aged. 

Fairhank, Jonathan, came from Woburn and settled 
herein 17:35, and d. in 1708, aged 89 years. His wife d. 
ill 1799. 

Farr, J) an id, settled liere in 17 GO or about that time, 
ami d. in 1774. His wife survived him, and afterwards 
left this town. 

French, Joseph, settled in this town, in 1740 or about 
that time and probablv d. here, lie rciided near ^Maldch 
HiU. 

Frizzol, FbcnezLT, came here and settled as early as 
1730 and resided here about 20 years, then d. or left the 
town. 

(J ale, Jonas, settled in this town probably as early ax 
1750 and d. here, being aged. His wife survived liim 
and d. in 1814. 

Glazier, Joseph, settled here perhaps as early as 1755, 
and d. or left the to^Yn previous to 1790. 
4*- 



li- 









I' '\ 
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, , . •. , ./ ;• , n ' 



^A••^oi 









(juodale, Tldward, came from >ravlboro' iu 1738 and d. 
)ioro in 175(5, aged 12 years. lie m. Sarah Temple of 
^Marlboro', who survived him and d. in ISIO aged 96 yrs. 

Gos^^ IMlliam, settled here in 17o0 or about tliat time, 
and after a few years' residence d. or left this town. 

ILirtJian, JMicah, came from Marlboro', and settled here 
in 17G1, and d. in 1803, aged 68 years. lie m. Sarah 
Jones of Marlboro', wlio survived him and d. in 18-'U, 
aged 86 years. 

Ifinds, Jdcoh, came from T^Iarlboro' and .-settled here in 
1720, or soon after that time, being perhaps tlie first white 
settler in the town. His re>idence was one mile soutli of 
tlie Common, about 80 rods distant from the residence of 
]Cdmund F. Brigham. lie m. Grace Morsu of Marlboro'. 
lie probably d. in this town. 

Iliads, Benjamin, s. of Jacob Hinds settled jiere in 
1746. He d. in 1791. aged 69 years. He m. IJizabeth, 
iddest dau. of Isaac 'I'emiile of IJoylston. She d. in mid- 
dle life. He after .vards m. Tabitha Holhmd, who siirvi\eil 
]iim and d. in 1326, ag'.;d 81 years. He had 17 eli., Iti 
of whom lived to mature age. 

Inglcshy^ Ehcufzcr, settled iicre probably a.s early as 
17o0, and removed from this town in 1791. He married 
a dau. of Aari)n Newton. Thev had a large family ot 
children. 

[\tycs, Siinton, s. of Henry Kevcs of Boylston, settled 
herein 1765, and d. in 17h2, aged 42 years. Hem. Lucy, 
dau. of Isaac Temple of I'oyl^ton — she died in 17T9, aged 
o5 years. 

Kej/es, Thomas, s. of Dea. Jonatlian Keycs of Boyh.ton, 
settled here in 1767, and d. in 1812, aged 75 years. He 
m. Mary, dau. of Isaac Temple of Boylston, who died iu 
1800, aged 59 years. 

Lovcll, Jonathan, came from jMedfield and settled hera 
in 1735, and d. in 1792, aged 79 years. His residence 
\\as at the west part of this town, 

Marshall, William, came from Concord and settled in 
this town in 1765. He afterwards removed to Holdeii 
whore he died. 



13 

Moorc, Isrof^l^ Doa. settled liore probably soon auer 
1760, and d. in 1807, aged 7 <■*, yc.irs. He was a native ol' 
•Sterling, and resided in tlic north p.irt of this town. 

Mnrsr, Joseph, came from ^r:irlboro' and settled hero 
in 17-in, and d. in 1770, anred 51 years. He m. Mary 
Thomas of Marlboro', wlio survived him and d. in 1801, 
a^'ed 71. 

Ncivtnn, Anrnn, settled here in 1730, and afterwards 
removed to IJolden where lu probably died. 

Newton, Kdward, came to this town and settled in 
1 730, and d. here, being aged. 

Newlmi, Kzrkifl, was prob^ibly as. of Edward Newton, 
and settled here in 17j2, and d. in mature life. 

Pike., Ehtnczer, settled in this town in 17G0, or previ- 
ous to that time and d. here being aged. He was a sol- 
dier in the revolutionary war and .^erved his country faitli- 
fully. 

P?'fsrofl, Jonathnii, 32U\q<1 in this town in 1770 and 
d. in 1801, aged 78 years. He was a s. of Kl»enc/.er 
Prescott. 

Prcscott, Jonal/ian, Jr., s of Jonathan Prescott, settled 
here in early life, and d. in 1805, aged 55 years. He m. 
Mary Brighani of Shrewsbury, M'ho survived him, and m. 
Joseph Goss of Sterling — she d. in 1831, aged 85 years. 

Raymond^ Paul and William, were early settlers here. 
Paul left the town previous to 1780, and William d. sud- 
denly about the same time. 

SnoWy Sith, settled in tills town perhaps in 1770, or 
near that time, and resided here some "JO years then remov- 
ed elsewhere. 

Temple, Ephraini, eldest s. of Isaac Temple of Boylston, 
settled here in 1751 and removed from this town in 1767.. 
He m. a dau. of Jacob Hinds ; she d. soon after their 
marriage. 

Ward Jonas, settled here in 1758, and d. or went else- 
where previous to 17''.0. 

Whitney, William, settled in this town probably as 
early as 1730, and d. liere, being aged. 



44 

Wildtr, Jo^iah, settled in this town as early as 17o(i 
uud d. here at an advanced age. 

Wilder Abner, s. of Josiah Wilder, settled here in ITo!) 
or about that time, and d. in 1813, aged 88 years. 

Wilder, Asa, s, of Josiah AVllder, settled here j^erhnj).-* 
in 1765, and was killed by accident when about oU years 
i)f age. 

Willard, Thomas, settled in this town perhaps as earlv 
us 1750, lie afterwards went to Iluldcn where he d., beinir 
aged. 

Winch, Dauid, canie from Franilnghani and settled iu 
this town in 1750, and died in 1776, being a"-ed. 

Winn, Jacob, came from Woburn and settled in tluM 
town probably as early as 17-15. He d. here, bein'^ a^ed. 
He ni. Sarah Buck of Woburii, ^\\lo survived hirn and d 
in 1798. 

Woolej/, Joseph, came from Concord and settled herj 
in 1730, or about that time. He afterwards went to 
i'rinccton where he died. 



THE FOLLOWING PERSONS, 

With ihcir Families, had a residence in this Tvwn <o:nr 

portion of the time between the years of 1780 and 1808: 

Anderson, Allen, came here from N. H. in 1790, went 

to Holdcn in ISOo, and returned to this town and d. in 

1838, being about 70 years of age. 

, Andrcios, Samuel, settled here perhaps in 1780 or pre- 
vious to that time, and afterwards went to Boylston where 
lie died. 

Ball, Jonah, came here from Concord previous to 17'J5, 
and left this town in 1802. 

JJaihf, Ephraim, settled in this town, vent elsewhere 
previous to 1790. 



■ 'm 



:r ;'<■'.'..:' 



\ ,, ,\' 'i*'. '« » 



'.;i 






7r//>\.],u)'f '. 



Barthtt, Phincas, settled heu, left tliia town in ISO I, 
went to Oliio and died. 

Digdow, Am Uriah ^ Dr., s. of Dea. Amarlah Bigeluw, 
.settled liere in 1780, and d. suddenly in 1787. 

Btaman, Josiah, settled here, lett this town in I8O0, 
and went to Siiulesbury and there died. 

Bontwdl,Juhn, settled here in 1792, and went to Town- 
send in 1805, where he died. 

Cutting, Josiah, settled here perhai).s n\ 1780, or about 
that time, and d. previous to 1797. His wife d. in 1815, 
aged 91 years. 

Cutting, Siias, was a native of this town, settled here 
probably as early as 1780, went to lioylston in 180(i, and 
there died. 

Dauis, Siiiwn, came from Paxton and settled here in 
1790, went to Boston in 1803, and from thence to Maine, 
where he died. 

Dioellty, Joseph, came from Old Colony, settled here, 
and d. in 1807. His wife survived him and d. in 1831, 
aged about 95 years. 

Estabruol:, Ezra, was a native of this town, settled 
here in 1790, went to Stratton, Vt., in 1795, where hed. 

Elagg, llufus, came from Worcester and settled liero, 
and die<l in 1805. 

Fletcher, Benjiimin, came from New Hampshire in 179<), 
settled here, and went to N. Y. in 1798. 

Goodale, David, a native of this town, went to Oak- 
ham in 1793, and d. in 183.!, aged 82 years. He was a 
s. of Edward Goodale. 

Gatci, Amos, settled here perhaps in 1790 and removed 
elsewlicre in 1801 . 

Harris, Danid, settled in lliis town, and in 1806 went 
to Lancaster. 

Ilildrrth, Timothy, settled here, and went to Sterling 
in 1803, and there died. 

Holt, Amasa, s. of Abel llult, settled here, went to 
Berlin in 1798, and there died. 

Kci/cs, Francis, s. of Thomas Keyes, settled here in 
1793, went to Central New York in 1807, afterwards to 
Pennsylvania where he d. in 1851 aged 80 years. 





..;' 


r.,'r 




,■" 


•. ' ' 


;X. . 




uni 



{1 9; 



4G 

Merrijidd, Timothy, came to this town probably in 1785 
from Sherburne, and afterwards went to Worcester where 
he died. 

Parlru/i^e, James, came from Mcdway, settled here in 
1778, and went to Boylston previous to 1798, afterwards 
returned and d. in 1S21, aged 92 years. 

Pifce, Ephraim, a native of this town, removed there- 
from previous to 1800. 

Sawijer, Munassah, came from Sterling and d. here 
suddenly in 1801. 

Townscnd Jacob, came from Keading, settled liere and 
d. in 180R. 

IVhitcomb, ^Samuel, came from Sterling, settled here, 
and d. from accident in 1805. He m. Thankful, dau. of 
Lemuel Fairbank. 

V/liite, John, came from Groton, settled here, went tu 
Grafton in 1798, afterwards to Springfield, Vt., where he 
died. He m. Acsah Bigelow. 

Whiting, John L., came from Shrewsburv, settled here 
and d. in 1807. 

Winn, William, a native of this town, removed to Vcr- 
tnont in 1805. 



A inUEF NOTICE 

Of several Persons who scitJtd in West Boyhion, and he- 
came I^egal Voters therein after the organizatian of the 
Town and jJrtvious tu 1&20. 

Bigelow, Ezra, s. of Dr. Amariah Bigelow, b. in 1782, 
settled here in 1809, m. Cynthia Child, who d. in 1820, 
aged 35 years, afterward m. Sarah Grossman who lias al^o 
deceased. 

Cheney, Joseph, from Newton, m. Sarah Merrincld, set- 
tled here in 1809, d. in 1856, his wife having prcviouslv 
deceased. 



I 'HttJ 






47 

Davis, Francis, from Northboro', s. of Phineas Davis, 
settled here in 1818, m. Mary Parmenter, who d. in 1828, 
aged 33 years. In 1833, he m. Eunice Parmenter, unci 
d. in 1838, being 44 ye^irs of age. 

Fisher, Alpheus, from Medfield, m. Sylvia Cleveland, 
settled here in 1813, d. in 1851, aged'cG years. Mr. 
Fisher was honest and Justin all the transactions of life, 
ever actuated by the sublime principles of the " higher 
law." 

FUigg, Samuel, from Holden, m. ^larirarct Kennan, set- 
tled in this town in 1808, removed to ^Vorce3ter in 1840 
v,-herc he now resides. 

Gerrish, Paul, from Ashby, m. Sophia Kilburn, settled 
liere in 1817 and removed to Townsend in 1822. 

Ilariwrll, Ednnnid, m. Olive Lovell, settled here m 
1810 and d. in 1856, aged 71 years. His wife survived 
him and is still living. 

Hastijigs, Ezra, from Holden, m. ]']unice Eice, settled 
in this town in 1810 and d. in 1820, being 70 years of age. 

Holmes, Piter, from New Hampshire, m. Olive Graves, 
settled here in 1809, and continued his residence in this 
town 15 or 20 years, then went elsewhere. 

Holmes, Thomas, brother of Peter Holmes, m. Sarah 
Graves, settled here in 1810, d. in 1848, aged r)9 years. 
His wife survived him and d. in 1857, aged 72 years. 

llolt, Asa, s. of Abel Holt, settled in this town in 1816 
and d. in 1847, aged 72 years. His wife survived him 
and is yet living. 

Howe, Asa, settled here in 1810, resided in this town 
10 or 15 years then wemt elsewhere. 

Hoice, Joel, a brother of Hiram Howe, b. in 1779, m. 
Dolly Peirce, settled in this town in 1815 and d. in 1843, 
aged 63 years. 

Knight, Elijah, from Worcester, m. Eunice Lovell, set- 
tled here subsequently to the organization of this town, 
and d. in 18-13, aged 63 years. 

Lee, Benjamin, from Douglas, b. in 177G, m. Eunice 
Lesurc, settled in this town in 1811, being now 82 years 






»8T;;07 Oi: J./ oi I, ;:U' 



48 

of ago. His wife d. ia 1858, nged 54 years, lie after- 
ward m. Lydia Sheldon. 

Lccs, John, from JMiglaiid, settled in tills town in 1814, 
resided here 20 years then removed to Wtircestcr. He 
was several years agent for the IJcaman I\!anufacturiu^r 
Company. 

Jlourc, Oliver, from Boylston, settled in this town in 
1813, m. Olive Temple, d. in 1831, aged -10 years. His 
wife survived iiim and m. Chester C. Cutting. 

Peirci\ Ezclcid, from Sutton, brother of Jaeob Peirco, 
b. in 1787, settled in this town in 1808, m. llutli Perry in 
1811, having been connected in marringe 47 years. 

Scvcry, Caleb, from ]]c)yLston, iii. Sarah Moore, .settled 
in this town in 1810, was suddenly killed in ISlo, when 
attempting to stop a horse and carriage while running, 
having escaped from the owner. He d, in early life, be- 
ing 28 years of age, in the midst of usefulness and prom- 
ise, having the respect and confidence of the citizens of 
the town, who greatly lamented his jjremature deatli. His 
wife survived him and n\. John I^Ierriam of Westminster, 
who has also deceaseil. 

Taft, Andre, from Uxbridge, settled here in 1818, and 
after a residence of 30 years, removed to Worcester and d. 
in 18-50, aged 59 years. His v.-ife survived him and is 
still living. 

White, Joseph, Dea. s of Thomas White, settled here 
soon after the organization of this town, m. ]\Iatilda Davis, 
in 1817, and during a series of years, was principal agent 
of the West Boylston Manufacturing Company. 

Whitcomb, John, settled in this town [)erhaps in 1813, 
was accidentally killed in 1820 while in the emjiloyment 
of the Beaman Manufacturing Comi)any. He was 50 
years of age, and left a wife and several children to mourn 
his untimely death. 

Winter, Call-in, settled here after the organization of 
tliis town, and d. in 1838. liis wife survived him and is 
now living. 

Wood, Nathaniel G., settled here in 1814 or about that 
time, and after a residence of several years, removed from 
this town. Ilis wife died here in 1819, aged 46 vears. 






.-'l, 






i>! 



•■-. . ,> ..-/: ^::'! >.h},7 



)■ ('oM '^.v//^' '/jit i( 



49 



SU^^IMAIIY NOTICE 
Of those Individuals, ir/io in ISl'S, uurc resident citizens 
of ^Vcst Boyhton, and under 21 i/cars of age, but suh- 
sequcnthj aitaintd that age and became legal voters in 
the town. 

JJigelow, Ei)liraim, s. of Abel IJi!,^ol.j\v, m. Mary liritjliam in 1812. 

Ligeluw, Asa, s. of Abul Digoluw, ui. Lois llartliaii iu IblT. 

Ligclow, .lusopb, s. of Striilioa Jli-X'luw, m. I'ct.~ey .AJ;ir.-li:ill iu 1S21. 

CliilJ, Amos, s. of Amos Child, m. iMiuiirc (louknuw iu l^'il. 

Dwelly, Joseph, a. of Joscpli Dwully, m. Tryidiusa Parmtntcr iu 1S15. 

Fairba:ik, Isaac, s. of Sctb Tairljiink, ui. rruaeuce (Jorrish iu 1817. 

Fairbank, Aretas, s. of Sctli Fairbauk, m. Hannah Cook iu l>i'iG. 

Fail-bank, G. W., s. of Alphous Fairbank, ni. Juanna Fla-g in 1S2S. 

Gla/.ior, John, s. uf Oliver Glazier, lo. Lueiuibi rurineuter in lsl3. 

GuoJcile, Asaph, s. of Peter Goodiilc, ni. Pet.-'.y rarnienter in 1812. 

Guudale, Ezra, s. of Aaron Gooilalc, m. Sona Perry iu 1813. 

Goodale, Charles, s. ef Aaron Goodalc. Jr., i:\. Sarah LnrJett in 1820. 

Goodenow, Lyman, s. of Elijah Goodenow, m. Kcbecea Fhigg in 1830. 

Uarthan, A. tf., s. of David JIarthan, m. Cynthia Fairbank iu ISIO. 

llarLlian, Silius, s. of David Ilartlian, d. unmarried in 1S13. 

Jlaithaii, Dennis, s. of David llarthan, ui. Anna lledding in 1822. 

Uarthan, W . D., s. of David Uarthan, m. Harriet jNIorsc in 1827. 

Hinds, Cicero, s. of Jacob Hinds, d. unmarried iu 185G. 

Hinds, Solon, s. of Joseph Hinds, m. Sarah Underwood iu 1SJ9. 

Holt, H. K., s. of Abel Holt, m. Lydia Fairbank in 1813. 

Holt, Tyler, s. of Abel Holt, m. Arathusa Fairbank iu 1812. 

Holt, Russell, 3. of Jonas Holt, m. Sarah Parker iu 1847. 

Howe, Larney, s. of Hiram Howe, m. ^Mclinda Knowlton i)rcviou3to IS 10. 

Keyes, P. F., s. of Thomas Kcycs, ui. Lois Nichols in 1S22. 

Keyes, Thomas, s. of Thomas Keyes, in. Eveline Wurdock in 1827. 

Koyes, Artemas, s. of Penjamin Keyes, m. Susan Parker in 1837. 

Keyes, Hezekiah, s. of Penj. Keyes, ni. Phebe Keyes in 1823. 

Lovell, Asa, b. of Dea. Asa Lovell, m. Hannah Raymond in 1812. 

Lovell, John, s. of Amos Lovell. lu. Maria Lyman iu 1822. 

May, John, s. of Ezra May, m. Anna Hasting-! in 1828. 

Moore, J. U., s. of Israel Moore, m. Jane Delano, previous to 1830. 

Morse, Joseph, s. of Joseph Morse, m. Dolly Pullard iu 1822. 

Morse, Pernico, s. of Joseph Morac, in. Edna Couant in IS 10. 

Morse, Sylv.xnue, 3. of Joseph Morse, m. Harriet Jcnks iu 1838. 



THE 

NEVVf^.ERRY 
LIBRARY 

C M I U A L O 



50 

.M.>i;o, A\'illi;iiu, s. of Joromiali ZU>vso, in. Miiuhvcll rrcsc^tt in l>ls. 
.Morse, Wind.sor, s. of Jcrcmiiih Mur.-ie, m. Sanili (jllazicr in Ib'iO. 
.Mui'.-c, Siinun, s. of Jeieuiiah .Morose, m. Lncy (JIazier in l.s'Jl, 
-Murdock, L). C, s. of Dua. Aite:iia=- MiuJuclw, in. Adalinu Jviii^' in ls2' 
Miu-dock, Artoiiuis, s. df Dlm. Art. :\lurdock, in. 31ary Sluiunda in IbJ: 
Xcwton, E. Vj., s. uf Silai Xowton, m. Sarah Turnur in IblS. 
A'owton, L. D., f. of bilas Xcwt'in, ni. Xancy liobinson m 16'1G. 
I'circe, Luvi, s. of Levi I'eirce, ui. iMary ?derriani in ISlS. 
J'oiree, Jusiah, s. of Levi Pcirce, m. Sarah ^[crriaiu in LS'iL 
I'eirec, E. I>., s. uf Levi Poirce, m. ^liiiy S. I3i;^elo\v in I'^'.'A. 
J'liini)ton, Simon, s. of Jonathan riiniptun, in, Letjoy Lrigliaui in ISL). 
I'rescott, David, s. of Jonathan Prc^cott, d. unmarried in ISl I. 
Prcjcott, David D., s. of John Pres^ott, m. Lucy C. Peiroo in 1327. 
llecd. John, t. of John Reed, m. Lydia Couant in IS'Al. 
Smith, Amos, s. of Isaai^ Sur.th, ni. Ly.lia Marshall in 1S13. 
Whitin^r, Seth, s. uf J. Lake AVhitin.^r^ i.,. :M;iiy Kendall in 1313. 
M'illiu^ton, Oliver, s. of Eb'jUL.'.er ^\'lllingtun, m. Lujy AWbjli in ]S2:i, 



VOTERS IX 1868. 
The following named persons are citizens and legal vot- 
ers of- West Boylston, at the present time, (1858) having 
been residents here during a series of past years : 

IX W. Allen, C. II. Baldwin, 0. C. Bassett, Ezra Bea- 
nKUi, Joseph Bigelow, A. M. Bigolow, Ezra liigelow, E. 
W. Bigelow, Euther Bigeluw, 8. L. Bemis, Etlian Blotlg- 
ett, Joseph Blnnt, ^Villiam Bolton, John Bolton, Era-tiis 
Broad, S. E. Brown, E. E. Brigham, G. T. Brigham, John 
Bruce, S. P. Bruce, Ira Bruce, Charles Buck, Bliny Buck, 
Joshua Chamberlain, B. T. Ch;i:.e, Abner Chase, Amos 
Child, Lotan ClevelantK CM. Clevclanel, E.G. Cowec, 
J. ^V. Cross, O. B. Cutler, J. S. Cutting, Ecwis Cutting, 
E. L. Cutting, N. L ]kiggett, George Dana, G. E. Dana, 
Eli;.s Davis, J. H. Davenport, Eibcrty Dinsmore, lAither 
Eames, G. ^V. Eanics, J. B. Eamcs, Gershon Ivames, Storrs 
Eldridge, Washington Eairbank, Iliiah Fairbank, Harri- 
son Eairbank, James Eisk, Ecwis Eletclier, Jotham Glaz- 
ier, E. A. Glazier, N. H. Goodale, Charles Goodale, G. 






,>i '].'■■' '■'■■ .:>■ 



51 

1*'. Goodale, Aaron Goodale, F. E. Goodalc, Levi Go>^, 
Sninuol Haley, L. 3.1. Harris, T. H. Harris, O. JJ. Harris, 
Xalmm Hastings, Dennis Hartlian, W. li. Hartlian, S. F. 
Hcmmenway, Henry Hcnncssy, Solon Hinds, ]')ertran(i 
Hinds, Albert Hinds', E. H. IFinds, Luke Hipslev, E. AV. 
Holbrook, Stephen Holt, Henry Holt, H. F. Holt", Uussell 
Holt, AV. I'i. Holt, George Holmes, Horatio Honghton, 
John Houghton, E. ;^L Hosnier, L. ?.L Hosmer, G. L. 
Howe, Samuel Hov.c, W . V. Howe, Joel Howe, G. F. 
Howe, r)arney Howe, Francis Johnson, W. 11. Johnson, 
II. S. Jewett, JL F. Kcyes, Arlcmas Kcycs, Ile/ekiah 
Keyes, J. M. Kcyes, T. N. Keyes, W. AV. Keyes, A. l\ 
Knight, C. L. Knight, J. F. Ivnight, Samuel Lawrence, 
John Lawrence, I). IL Lamson, Lenianiii\ Lee, U. M.. 
Lord, Washburn Lombard, l^. A. Lesure, H. A. Loring, 
Amos Lovell, Addison Lovell, Fphraini Lovell, J. C. Lov- 
ell, John -May, John Mason, Samuel Mason, William 
Mason, G. W. Matthews, William Matthews, C^iarles 
Merrifield, L. W. Merrilield, Windsor Morse, Simon Alorse, 
liernice Morse, Cliarles Morse, Nathan ?>Iorse, F, E. ]^.Iorse, 
J. 11. Moore, J. D. Moore, D. C;. Murdock, William Mur- 
dock, G. L. ]Murdock, Cephas !^.Iaz/.y, Jonas Ahiz/y, J. 1> . 
Newton, L. D. Newton, L. F. Newton, William ^siclu)ls, 
Henry Norcross, Albert Oakes, T. X. Phelp.s, E/ekiel 
Peirce, Estes Peirce, Levi Peirce, Jonathan Peirce, Lyman 
Peirce, p]. B. Peirce, Henry Peirce, C. L, Pratt, Aionzo 
Pratt, lirighani Prcscott, D. D. Prescott, Sylvester Pres- 
cott, D. G. llawson, David lleed, 11. G. liecd, Thomas 
Sargent, 0. B. Sawyer, Henry Sawyer, llandoli)h Scarlett, 
S. H. Smith, Benjamin Smith, Boland She])ard, p]mcrson 
SpofFord, A. V. Sheldon, Levi .Sturtevanl, Pliny Stearns, 
A. G. Taylor, A. W. Taylor, AVilliam 'i'homas, N. II. Til- 
ton, Aaron Tilton, L, B. Tilton, P. C. Toombs, I). T. 
Tenny, Horace Warner, \V. W. Warner, G. \V . Warren, 
Ira Warren, Eli Walker, Josej)li ^\'hite, Thomas AMiite, 
W. N. White. T. 11. White, Joseph Whittaker, Luther 
Whiltaker, Woodbury Whittemore, J. N'. West, A. J:. 
^Vinter, A. H. Wood, John Wheeler, D P. \Vorcester. 

L>,ra Beaman, ]']lias Davis, vVmos Lovell, and Brighani 
Prescott, were residents and legal voters here in 18'LS, as 
they also are in 1858. 



;; i' .'HI .J .: .M , ;• !/ 
1/ .0. .!. ,}t 'm:/5 .;) ,f, 



TOWN OFFICERS FROM 1808 TO 1858. 

MoDEP.ATOii. The following pcr.sons were severally 
Moderators of the annual ^larcli Meetings in West Bo}k- 
ton, from 1808 to 1858, viz. : 

Silas Bcaman, Silas Newton, Paul Goodalc, William 
Fairbank, R. B. Thomas, J. M. Smith, Andre Taft, J. F. 
Fay, E, ^I. Ilosmer, I). C. ^Murdoch, Benjamin F. Keyes, 
J. C. Lovell. 

Town Clerk. Since the organization of the town of 
West Boylston in 1808, to 1858, the office of Town Clerk 
lias been held as follows: 

From 1808 to 1809, R. B. Thomas; 1800 to 1813, Jo- 
seph Hinds; 1813 to 1823, Ezra Bi^^elow ; 1823 to 1825, 
Francis Davis ; 1825 to 18S0, Scth White ; 1S30 to 1837, 
Ephraim Bigclow ; 1837 to 18-10, B. F. Keyes; 18-10 to 
1850, Barney Howe ; 1850 to 1855, 0. B. Sawyer ; 1855 
to 1858, Horatio Houghton. 

Selectmen. The following persons were each elected 
and respectively served one or more years as Selectmen 
of West Boylston, from 1808 to 1858: 

Ezra Beainan, Jonathan Plimpton, William Fairbank, 
Silas Beaman, Amos Lovell, Paul Goodale, John Temple, 
Barnabas Davis, Silas Xewton, Jacob Hinds, R. I>. Thom- 
as, Josepli IHnds, Hiram Howe, Alplieus Fairbank, F.ben- 
ezer Paine, Ezra Bigclow, Cal^b Scvrry, Jonathan IMimp- 
ton, Jr., Ezekicl Peirce, Ezra Beaman, Jr., Thomas Keves, 
B B. Fairbank, John Reed, Paul Gerrish, Levi Goodale, 
F'rancis Davis, Simon Plimpton, Oliver ]\Ioore, Jacob 
Peirce, Abel Goodale, Brigliam Prescott, Seth White, 
liCvi Peirce, Jr., Joseph White, Thomas Holmes, Dennis 
Harthan, Asa Bigelow, Aaron Goodale, Silas Walker, 
Amos Lovell, Jr., Samuel Brown, John ]\[. Smith, Ephm. 
Bigelow, Charles Nash, B. F. lv(\ves, J. H. Moore, Thom- 
as White, Jr., John Lees, Cicero Hinds, ]•]. M. Ifosmcr, 
Moses Brigham, Lotan Cleveland, E. F. Brigham, W. B. 
Hartlian, D. C. Murdoch, Samuel Lawrence, John May, 
E. W. Holbrook, Addison Lovell, J. D. Lovell, L. D. 



53 

New'ioii, John Lawrence, Jofiatli-an Peircc, L. 11. Harris, 
Joliii i^rontiss, G. F. Ilov/e, Levi Gos3, H. F. liult. 

CiiAiRMAX OF SLLr.'jTNiKN'. Tlio scvcrul individuals 
hero indicated, were cich respectively Chairman of the 
board of Seloclineu of West Buyhtou one or more years, 
from 1808 to 13^38, as follows : 

i-:zra iJcaman, 4 years ; William Fairbank, 1 year ; John 
Temple, G years; il. B. Thomas, 3 years; Ezra Bigelow, 
3 years; Joseph Hinds, 4 years ; Francis Davis, 1 year; 
Joseph White, 4 years; Silas Newton, 1 yenr ; Asa iri;^r- 
elow, 1 year; Dennis ILirthaii, 2 years; B. F. Iveyes,'^2 
years ; 'i'homas Holiiios, 1 year ; K. M. Hosmcr, 3 years ; 
Lotan Cleveland, 5 years; D. C. Murdock, 4 years ; Addi- 
son Lovell, 1 year; Jonathiai I-idrco, 1 year; L. M. Har- 
ris, 1 year ; John I'rentiss, 1 year ; Samuel Lawrence, 
1 year. 

Ovi:rsi:eus of the Pook. From 1808 to 1335 the 
Selectmen had the oversight of the paupers of West Boyls- 
ton. Since 183o, Overseers liave been chosen who have 
had the charge and direction of those supported at the 
expense of the ti)wn. The following persons here named 
have been severally and successively chosen Overseers of 
the Poor from 1835 to 1858 : 

^^ Joseph White, Fr.mcis Davis, Fphraim Bigelow, Andre 
Taft, Cephas Muzzy, V/aldo Winter, P.enjamin Smith, 
Windsor Morse, Thomas White, Jr., Cicero Hinds, E. :M. 
Hosmer, Henry Hcdt, Levi Cood.de, Charles Goodale, J. 
li. Moore, John Lawrence, R. C. Toombs, James Fisk, 
L. M. Hosmcr, L. ^L Harris, Aaron' Goodale, Levi Stur- 
tevaiit, Moses Fisher, S. H. Smith, J. C. Lovell, C. C. 
Cutting, E. F. Brigham. 

Assessors. The following j)erson3 were chosen and 
served as Assessors foi' the town of West Boylston, one 
or more years from 1808 to 1858 : 

K. B. Thomas, Silas Newton, Moses Perry, Barnabas 
Davis, Jacob Hinds, John Temple, iJiram Howe, Ezra 
Beaman, Jr., Thomas Kcyes, Levi Kilburn, John Bead, 
B. B. Fairbank, Ezra Bigelow, Ezekiel Peircc, Jacob 
Peirce, Alpheus Fisher, Francis Davis, J. W. Fairbank, 
Joseph White, Levi Peirce, Jr., Asa Bigelow, A. E, Win- 



54 

tcr, Cicero lliiids, Amos Child, Jr., James Lees, D. C, 
Aturdock, AV. P. Howe. E. }^I. llosmcr, Francis Fla-i:, 
Samuel Lawrence, Erigham Prescott, A. P. Kiiif^lit, F. L. 
CuttiniT, Elias Davis, i)aviil Head, O. J5. Sawyer, Henry 
7Iolt, Jonathan Peirce, Horatio Houghtun, A^hlison Lov- 
ell, S. H. Smith, L. ^I. Harris, Uriah Fairbank. 

ToAVN Tra:AsuiiEK. The oHice of Town Treasurer of 
West Boylston has been tuccessively held from 1 808 to 
185S, by tiie Ibllowiiig persons, viz : 

Ezra Bcaman, Ezra Bcaman, Jr., Barnabas Davis, Jon- 
athan Plimpton, Andre Taft, Francis Davis, Jolin Lees, 
Scth White, Thomas Holmes, Ezekiel PL-iice, A. ]■]. Win- 
ter, E. B. Newton, Moses Bri^dian, Samuel Brown, 11. W. 
Holbrook, Dennis Harthan, 6. B. oawycr. 

IIepreSkntativks. West l^oylston has been entitled 
to one Representative each year since lier incorporation as 
a town, and has been represented frour ISOH to lfi68 as 
follo\^•3 : 

Ezra Beaman, 4 years : Barnabas D.ivi:*, G years ; Jo- 
seph Hinds, 5 years; 11. J^. Thomas, 5 years; Silas Xew- 
ton, 1 year: Thomas AVhite, jr., 1 year; Siias Walker, 1 
year; B. F. Kcycs, 1 year; Levi Pierce, jr., 1 year; 
Dennis Harthan, 1 year; Samuel lirown, 1 year ; Brii;hain 
Prescott, 3 years; Addison Lovell, 1 year ; Amos Child, 
jr., 3 years ; Eli W. Holbrook, '2 years ; V]. M. Hosmer, 'i 
years; O. B. Sawyer, 1 year; D. C. ^hirdock, '2 years. 
Deleg.vtes to State CoxvEXTroxs. 

In 1820, a State Convention was held in Boston for the 
purpose of revising the Constitution of ^Lissaciiusetts. — 
Ilobert B. Thomas waa chosen delegate to the aforesaid 
Convention from AVest Boylston, and accordingly repre- 
sented the town on that occasion. 

In 1853, a second State Convention was held in Boston 
for the purpose of further revising* the Constitution, llev. 
Joseph W. Cross was chosen a deleg:ite from this town to 
said Convention and performed the service for which he 
was appointed. 

Delegates to the County Coxventiox of 18P2. 

At a legal town meeting in West Boylston, held in July, 
1812, Joseph Hinds, Jolin Tem})le, and William Fairbank, 



.3 



were ciioscn delej^atcs to the Couniy C'onYcntion then ^oan 
to be holden at Worcester, to take into C(jnsl(lerati()n the 
situation of the country in conseciiience of the war then 
rxistincT between the United States and Great Britain, and 
to adopt such measures as eircunistances, the exigenees of 
the times, and the public <x<m)vI nn^i;lit seem to demand.— 
Tliey accordingly attended tlio Convention and pnrticip:aed 
in its proceedings. 



ECCLESIASTICAL IlECORD, &c. 



THE CONGKEOATIONAL SOCII'TY. 

The original church (Congregational) in ^Vcst I'ovh- 
ton uas formed in 179G, consisting of o3 members, em- 
bracing widely different oj)inions relative to religions doc- 
trine. The majority favored Armenian sentiments, while 
the minority were decidedly Calvinistic. Kev. AVilliam 
Nash, the tirst minister, favored the Armenian side, and on 
that account was o])posed at t!ic time of his settlement by 
the Calvinistic ])ortion of the church and society, wdio 
were never satished with his ])reaeliing and ministerial 
labors. In lh02, religious conference meetings were orig- 
inated and regularly held on the first Thursday of each 
month, by a respectable portion of the church, the meet- 
ings being oj)en to all who wished to participate in them. 
This movemefU received no favor from Mr. Nash, although 
repeatedly consulted and urgevd to aftbrd aid and assistance 
in its origin and eventual progress, 'i'hese meetings were 
sustained, although ^Ir. Nash and the majority of the 
members of the churcli declined to countenance or assist 
in promoting the object iir any way whatever. 

In 1809, the first religious revival in this town occurred, 
and continued with increased interest for several monthg. 
It caused much excitement and encountered severe oppo- 
sition, although a large ])ortioii of the people \vcre favora- 
bly alfectcd thereby. During this revival season many 
persons became interested, were hopefully converted, and 



'I'i:' ' 



Jl■[^;A^:^x>^ 



0-: ;«!1VI 



f <;i' ]:■■ 



nr:'. W' 






afterwards })rorc--sed relii^ioii, sonic joining the Congrc^'a* 
tional cliurch, while others unitjil with the Ihqjtists. 

The Cc)ngreg:ition;il church :uul society, (iurin::; tlie l:isl 
40 years, have been l'avor(;d '.vith several inLere-^ting tea- 
sous uf special religious attention, resulting in the hojio- 
ful conversion and addition of many })ersons to the chuicli. 

The fir;it mueting-hoLisc (Congregational) in Wobt 
Boylston, was dedicated to the e:ervicc and worsljip of Al- 
mighty God, January 1st, 17'Jo. A sermon v/us prcaclied 
on the occasion by llev. Daniel Grosvenor of Paxton. — 
After that period several candidates were successively em- 
ployed to ])reach until March, 1797, wlicn Mr. William 
Nash from Williamsburg and a graduate of Yale College, 
received a call from the church and society to settle with 
them as a preacher of the gospel, with a stipulated annuul 
salary of {i?3o3.ou, which invitation lie acce^jted, and was 
accordingly ordained the lith day of October of that year. 
The church and society in extending the invitation to 
]\Ir. Xash to become their minisier were not altogether 
united. In his answer of acv:L[)tancc, j.Ir. Nash s})eaksof 
"the want of entire unanimity", and furllier says, " those 
gentlemen to whom my services have not been so accepta- 
ble as I could wish, I respect." He continues, " In act- 
ing agreeably to their own best judgment, they have 
exercised a right which belongs to every christian, and 
ought not on that account to receive the censure or disaf- 
fection of any." 

The opposition to ]'^^r. Nasli came from tliose wlio ad- 
hered to the Calvinistic iaith, and sup})(ising him to cherish 
sentiments decidedly antagonistic to their vieus, believed 
it to be their duty to oppose his settlcm.ent with them in 
the ministry. The minority for the time quietly submitted 
to the wishes of the majority, and for several years " kept 
the unity of the sj)irit, not by an entire union of opinion, 
but in the bond of peace." 

Although the feelings of disapprobation of the senti- 
ments and services of J,Ir. Nash seemed for a while ti^ be 
dormant, yet they were never extinguished, but remained 
smouldering, preparatory for an explosion when the pres- 
isure should become suihciently intense. In 181 '2, the 
disafiection tov/ard Mr. Nash had become tio great that ?n 



attcii)]U \v;i.s in.-.de to dlbiniss him. In 1 81 1, his lic;ilth 
became seriously impaired, rendering him unable to ])re;if,h 
or disciiarye oilier parocliial duties. In 1815, ho was dis- 
missed at his own rccpiest, and liis connection willi t'.e 
society formally dissolved by a nuitua! council, in accord- 
ance wilh the conditions of his settlement. After tlie 
dismission of Mr. Nash, various gentlemen were succes- 
sively employed to preach as candidates until 1820, Avhen 
^larshall Siicdd frcnn Xcwton, received a call to settle, wl'.h 
.111 annual s;dary of 8')00, wdiich he ileclioed to accept. 

In December, 1820, ]Mr. John I^oardman IVom Xew- 
buryport, a graduate of Dartmouth College, wa>s invited 
to settle lierc in the ministry, M'ilh an annual salary <jI* 
8500, by a vote of 05 to 28, wdiich invitation he accepted 
and was ordained as pastor of tlio Coni^rregational church 
and society, February 28th, 1821. In 18ul, xMr. IJoard- 
man was dismissed at his own request, and afterward set- 
tled in luist DouL^-las wliere lie died in 1842, in the merid- 
ian of lile. 

In September, 183-t, llev. Elijali Paine, a native of 
Ashlield, and who had been a settled minister in Claro- 
mont, N. II., was invited to become pastor of the Con- 
gregational church anil society in this town, \vitli an annual 
salary of C'GOO. lie accepted the invitation and was in- 
stalled tlic od day of November, in that year. i\lr. Inline 
died suddenly, Sept. Mth, i8;U), aged o8 years. 

In 1837, Mr. Brown I-hnerson of Harvard, was ordained 
as successor of Mr. Paine, having received a call from the 
church and society, with an annual salary of {r'GOO. lie 
was dismissed at his own recjucbt, Nov. Gth, 1800. 

Kev. Joseph W. Cross, who had been settled in iiox- 
boroucih and dismissed, was installed pastor of the Con- 
gregational church and society in this town, March 11th. 
1840, witii an annual salary of {^700. 

THE 2; ATT I ST SOCIETY. 

About 70 years ago, a Ihiptist clergyman from abroad, 
of reputable character and standing, on one or two oc- 
casions, prL-ached at the huusj of David Goodale in tliis 
town, being probably tlio iirst minister of that denomina- 
tion that had ever [)rcaclied here. It has been said by 



,1'iViK 



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. , r.i ;..■ 




1 


,; 


i . 1 ' ' 1 . 




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'.(,•; 


/. 



', ' ' :.-J '- *■- !> /■:..!:•.;. 



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/iliv .''i Bf 



those who were in ritlciulauce at. the time, that his Uilmrs 
wore able, elTectlvc, and well lecLivcd, i)rodticiii,i; a p;c)od 
impression upon the hearers. Not lon<r after tliis time, 
another minister of the same order preaclicd at ^^r. Good- 
ale's to a respectable audience, which was edified and much 
interestotl. After this tiiUL' it is not luiown that any liap- 
tlst minister ])reached in this town until the sprini,' of 
1 810, when idder Luther Goddard of Shrewsbury, was in- 
vited by a member of the Con^rc^fational church, to attend 
a reli^^^ious meetinji,- at the Centre School-house in this 
town. lie cordially accepted tiie invitation and preached 
on that occasion, and also on a similar occasion not long 
afterward. Probably the year 1810 is the period from 
wdiich to date the origin of the B.iptist denomination in 
West lioylston, wiiich has gradually increased until it h;is 
become an cHicient church and society. 

In l&lo, the Jiiptists formed a society in this town, but 
bad preaching only a part of the time for several years — 
In 1819, a Baptist church was organized liere, consisting 
of about 50 members, and since that period the church 
and society have sustained and enjoyed the regular preach- 
ing of the gospel. They have also been favored with 
several seasons of special religious interest, resulting in 
the hopeful conversion and ultimate accession of a large 
number to the church. 

The following ministers have been successively pastors 
of the Baptist Church in this town since 1819, viz: llev. 
Nicholas Braiich, Bev. Alien Hough, Uev. C. C. B. Crosby, 
Bcv. Abiel Fisher, Bev. Josej)h G. Binney, Bev. Borenzo 
(). l^ovell. Rev. Sewall S. Cutting, Bev. Leonard Tracy, 
Bev. Kazlett Arviue, Bev. Timothy C. Tingley, Bev. Zcnas 
V. Wild, Bev. Geo. 11. Darrow. 

THE I.IUEUAL SOCIETV. 

The Liberal Society in this town at the commencement 
of its existence, was composed of those who seceded from 
the Congregational Society, in consequence of the s<ittlc- 
nient of a minister who held and preached Calvinistic 
sentiments. 

'i'he history of the origin and formation «d' this society 
is subst mlialiv as follows : — In 1 81 5, the connection exi^t- 






, !■ 



r .ry;i 



,;T 



in;; between the R.ev. Mr. Xasli anil the Cungrci^^ationai 
chui-cli nnd society, was dissolved at his own request, after 
which the majority of the society manifested an unyieldini;- 
dctcrnnnation to have Unitarian prcachin;^;, and eventually 
to settle a minister of that stamp ; wliile a majority of tlie 
Ciinrch and a minority of the Society were oj)poscd to 
every movement liaving- a tendency in that direction. The 
exertions put forth to edcct the fav(nite and anticipated 
result eventually })roved an entire I'ailurc. 

Tho comniittce for supplying- the pulpit, after having 
employed several Unitarian candidates to preach, inadver- 
tantly procured one of the Ortliodox stamp, who made a 
favorable impression, llius entirely chan;,Mn<; the f-elin^'s 
and course of many of the peojde, tliereby giving the Or- 
thodox the ascendency, which, after much edbrt and perse- 
vering; exertion, resulted in liie settlement of a minister 
embracing evan<^elical sentiments. The opposition event- 
ually seceded and formed a new Socict}', taking tlie name 
of The First Liberal Society in West ]joylston. T'his So- 
ciety at the present lime (1858) has little more than a 
nominal existence. Most of the prominent original mem- 
bers have deceased, and llie society has had ])reaching 
during the last few years only a portion of the time. 

THK lUKTIIODlST SOCIETY. 

The Methodists have also a Church and Society at Oak- 
dale, where tliey enjoy the stated ministratimis of the 
gospel, attended with apparent benefit and success. Ke- 
spectable numbers attend meeting here on the sabbatli, 
and considerable interest is manifested by the people for 
the support and maintenance of tiie institutions of religion 
among themselves. 



In former years, dissension and aniniosity prevailed to 
some extent between the several religious societies in this 
town, but during the last 20 years very little denomina- 
tional feeling has been manifested, while harmony and 
fraternal intercourse have generally been in the ascendent. 



GO 



PIIYSICIAXS IN WEST BOYLSTOX. 

Dr. Ainari.'ili ni^elow '.v;is llio llrst rosiJont j))iy.slcl;in in 
this town. lie sjttlo;! licro as a ])i\icl.itio:icr in ITrfO, ur 
iibout that time, and died .sndilenly in 11 til. 

])r. Uriah ]'ij^eh)\v i'rom Weston, .settled here as a jdiy- 
sician in 1788, and aftorwartls went to central Xcvv York, 
v.here ho died at an a.lvanced a'jc. 

Dr. Nicholas Jcnks iVoni North l^fooknold, settled in 
t)ii.-5 town as a physician in IbD'J, and after a residence of 
ten years, went to Southbrid<;e. 

Dr. John i\[. Smith settled in this town as a phiysiciaii 
in 1810, and resided hero lil'teen years, then \vent to 
JSonthbridge, where he died in the meridian of life. 

Dr. Jacob Moore settled here as a physician in 1828 and 
died in 1831. lie was a youn:; man of amiable character 
and of much promise relative to the fa ture. 

Dr. Sherman Smith settled here as a ])hvsieian after the 
decease of Dr Moere, then went to Y\'alpole, N. 11. ^vhelc 
he afterwards died snddenly. 

]3r. Samuel Gri^^gs settled here as a physician in 1832, 
and remained in this town some fourteen or fifteen years, 
then went to N\'estborougli where he now resides. 

Dr. Ephraim Loveil is a native of this town, and settled 
here as a physician in 1811, and still remains here. 

Dr. George \V. Warren settled here as a successor to 
Dr. Griggs, and still continues his residence liere as a 
practising pliysician. 

Dr. Isaac Chenery settled in the easterly part of llolden, 
adjacent to this town, in 1770 or about that time, Avlicre 
he resided until his decease in 1822, being in the eighti- 
eth year of his age. lie was distinguished on account of 
his skill and sound judgment, and also for his moderate 
demands upon his employers for medical attendance. lie 
obtained the contulence and respect of the community 
around him, including the population of this town. The 
people here became so attached to Dr. Chenery, and so 
highly appreciated his practice, that younger physicians 
who made the experiment of locating here, failed to obtain 
sufficient encouragement to remain permanently. 



u,i\i^\y. ^1 






CI 



PROGRESS AND IMPROVEMEXT IN W. liOYLS- 
TON FROM 1803 TO 1858. 



During the lust fifty years, mucii has been done to pro- 
mote tlie })rosj)crity and improve the condition, and general 
appearance ot" this town. Within the last liftecn years 
the Worcester and Nashua Railroad lias been built, pas- 
sing directly through the town, affording such convenience 
and accominodation to tlie inhabitants as in no other way 
could be secured. At the West Boylston station, a dis- 
tinct and delightful view of a large portion of the town 
presents itself to the eye of the observer, often attracting 
the special notice and attention of the passing stranger. 

'J he several Manufacturing Establishments in West 
Boylston present a thrifty and flourishing appearance, — 
Much taste and skill are disccrnable in the location and 
construction of tiie several manufactories, and in layin<r 
out and building up the villages connected therewith. The 
scenery about them is pleasant and dclighil'ul and cannot 
fail to attract the attention of every observer. 

That which first meets the eye ^vhcn viewing the prem- 
ises of the lieaman Manufacturing Company, is the artifi- 
cial pond filled with water for the operaticni of machinerv. 
This pond was originally designed and built by Major 
Jjeaman, sixty-five years ago, for the purpose of operating 
a gristmill. It has been recently enlarged, and now pre- 
sents a sublime and magnificent appearance. The trees 
and railing about this pond, and elsewhere in the vicinity, 
contribute essentially to the beauty and splendor of the 
village. The proprietors of this establishment have made 
large expenditures for the purpose of rendering it commo- 
dious and valuable as well as pleasant and attractive. The 
])roperty of the corporation is estimated at more than 

.sioo,obo. 

The AVest Boylston Manufacturing Company at Oakdalc, 
together with the village connected with it, is pleasantly 
and commodiously situated, exhibiting neatness and order 
in its position and arrangement. This establishment lias 
long been mostly under the superintendence and direction of 
G 



De:i. Joseph White, who is one of the proprietors, and lias 
devoted much time and attention to tlic promotion of its 
prosperity and success. The farm belonging to the ccmu- 
pany is a specimen of good liusbandry, having by proper 
care and judicious management become fertile and produc- 
tive. 

The Central Manufacturing Kslablisliment is conven- 
iently located near the centre of the town and in the vicin- 
ity of the railroad station. The scenery about this es- 
tablishment consists mostly of trees of various kinds 
planted by the proprietor, E. W. Holbrook, and presents a 
tasteful appearance, and a few ytars hence will probably 
exhibit a decree of beauty and splendor which will attract 
the notice of strangers and others who may cliance to view 
the same. 

The ^lanufactory at Ilarrisville has a substantial and 
enduring appearance, being built of stone. This establish- 
ment exhibits ap})arent thrift and enterprise, and speaks 
favorably of the industry and perseverance of the proprie- 
tors. 

The public roads in various parts of the town are to 
some extent adorm^d with trees, mostly elm and maple, 
planted by enterprising individuals, not only beautifying 
their localities but also affording convenience and comfort 
to the pasiiing traveller, protecting him from the scorching 
rays of a meridian sun, during the summer months of the 
year. 

There are now standing in different sections of the town, 
not only within the limits of the highways but also on 
adjoining localities, several large majestic elms and other 
trees of original growth, which it is hoped will long be 
permitted to remain as objects of splendor and attraction. 
It would seem ruthless indeed, and exhibit an utter desti- 
tution of that good taste and generous feeling which ought 
ever to be cherished, to allow these monuments of individ- 
ual protection and care to be destroyed. 

Within the last few years there have been erected in this 
town two large buildings, which are occupied as Bool 
Manufactories; one near the Railroad Depot and the other 
on tliC o])posite side of the river near the brick meeting 
house. A considerable amount of business is done at each 



"■■A. \.<J 



of these establishments. A large quantity of hoots arc 
annually manufactured at Oakdale village in this lown ; 
there are also several shops in tiie town where boots are 
manufactured to some extent. A large number of ])crsons 
ure here actively engaged in this business, profitably alike 
to themselves and their employers. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



FiiiE, that devouring element, has occasionally broken 
over the restraints of caution and care, and done its fearful 
Avork here. Tlie first destructive fire which is known to 
have occurred in this town, one in which was invoh ed the 
most seiious and awful consequences, was the burning of 
the dwelling house of Josiah VVilder, situated in tlic north 
part of the town, on or near the spot where the house now- 
occupied by John Bruce and son stands. This tire 
occurred in January, 1740. About the middle of the 
night, jMr. Wilder and his wife were aroused from sleep, 
their house being on fire ; the flames had alreacK- made 
such progress as to compel them to leave the house as 
speedily as possible. Mr. Wilder rushed out, siezed an 
axe, cut a hole through the side of the burning house near 
the bed wdiere his son Asa lay, and pulled him out thereat, 
while the room w^as full of fire and smoke. He wasnearly 
suffocated nnd badly burned, but soon recovered. Mrs. 
Wilder, in haste to make her escape, inadvertantly opened 
the cellar door, and with a child in her arms, plunged into 
the cellar, where they perished. Three other children also 
perished in this dreadful conflagration. Abner, the eldest 
son, was fortunately from home at the time, staying at a 
neighbors for a few days, and consequently escaped this 
calamity so fatal in its effects. 

On the 6th of May, 1770, the dwelling house of Cap(. 
Joseph Bigelow, situated near where the house of Jonas 
Muzzy now stands, a short distance west of the common, 
took lire by a spark from the cK'imncy alightinif on tlie 



6^ 



roof, and the liouse with a portion of its contents was 
entirely consumed. This fire occurred on the sahhatli 
wliilc the people were generally gone to meeting three 
miles distant, and only Mrs. Bigelow with the younger 
children of the family were at home ; consequently no 
seasonable effort could be made to extinguish the fire. 

In 1842, a dwelling house belonging to Liberty Dins- 
more and Mrs. Olive Whitney, situated near the brick 
meeting house, was burned with a portion of its contents. 

In 1848, a dwelling house belonging to Luther Eamcs 
and occupied by him, situated in the southerly part of the 
town, took fire on the roof and was mostly consumed, with 
some portion of its contents. 

In 1853, the Yalley Hotel, situated near the Bcamaii 
place, belonging to Elias Davis and occupied at the time 
by James E. Wood, was destroyed by fire with a part of 
its contents. 

A few years since, a dwelling house belonging to Charles 
Fairbank, and 30 years ago the residence of Hiram Howe, 
situated in the northerly part of the town, then unoccu}>iecl, 
was entirely consumed by lire, sui)posed to be the work 
of an incendiary. 

August 23d, 1831, the Congregational Meeting-house 
then standing on the common, was set on fire by a fiash 
of lightning, and entirely consumed. The fire took in 
conse{}uence of shavings being carelessly left under some 
part of the flooring at the time the house was erected. 

In 1801, a Christ-mill belonging to ]Micah Harthan, and 
the fulling-mill adjoining belonging to Peter White, with 
most of their contents, were entirely destroyed by fire. 
Another mill upon an improved plan, M'as immediately 
erected on the same spot, and also burned in 1847, then 
belonging to Amos Child and G. W. Dinsmore. Another 
building standing near, and formerly occupied as a cloth- 
ier's shop, was also burned at the same time. Still anoth- 
er grist-mill, more valuable and commodious, in connection 
with a shop for mechanical purposes, has since been erect- 
ed and put in successful operation on the same j)remiscs 
by lluel G. Cowce. It is hoped that this valuable build- 



lag will never fall a prey to tlie same devouring elcincut. 
which consumed its predecessors. 

In 182o, the blacksmith shop situated near where tlie 
Central factory now stands, then belonginLi; to E'.ekicI 
l*elrce, and occupied by him as a scythe manufactory, was 
entirely destroyed by fire. 

Within the last 20 years three valuable cotton manufac- 
tories have been destroyed by fire in this town, and others 
erected in their stead. 

During the last 50 years, 4 barns have been burned, I) 
by lightning and 1 by an incendiary. 

In 1790, there were four families in this town and nearly 
in the same neighborhood, whose children then living 
amounted in the aggregate to 4 5, all of whom, with two 
exceptions, lived to mature life, were married, and had 
from live to ten children each. Four of the original num- 
ber are now living. 

Sarah Harthan is the oldest person now living in this 
town. Siie was the eldest child of Micah Ilarthan, was 
born January 19, 1703, being now 95 years o( age. She 
was born in Lancaster, where slie resided 18 years; then 
resided in Sterling five years ; afterwards in I3oylston 22 
years ; and during the remainder of life to the present 
time, her residence has been in West Boylston. During 
()0 years of the first part of her life she resided successive- 
ly in each of the four towns just mentioned, not changing 
licr residence or leaving the place of iier nativity. Since 
that time she can hardly be said to have left the homestead, 
still living with one of the family descendants and within 
a short distance of the very place where she commenced 
life. 

The dwelling-house now occupied by Ezra Beaman was 
erected in 1764, by his father Ezra Beaman, Esq. It was 
built in a thorough and substantial manner, perfect and 
complete in all its parts, special care being exercl-sed in 
selecting materials and in the construction, ^vith reference 
to durability and permanence. It is now in a good state 
of preservation from its base to the top, clearly showing 
that with proper attention and care, it may remain another 
century as a memento of its original and venerable occii- 



06 

f)^nt, unless destroyed by some unforeseen casualty, or 
demolished by u ruthless hand, careing little or notliin^r fur 
antique specimens of innate enterprise and adventurous^ 
active energy. This ancient, noble structure, in its size, 
form and appearance, was probably at that time, Avith few 
(.'xceptions, unsurpassed by anytiiing of the kind in the 
adjacent towns or even in the county. If nothing further 
is to be done to perpetuate the memory of Major Jiennum. 
the father and benefactor of this town, it is to be lio[)ed 
that this specimen of early enterprise may be allowed to 
remain, and be carefully preserved to mark the residence 
of one, who by his own persevering efforts, arose to wealth 
and distinction, at the same time accpiiring and exercising 
an influence justly belonging to a patriot aad jniblic ben- 
efactor. 

In 1794, the first meeting house in this town was erect- 
ed ; and in 1831 it Avas destroyed by fire, caused by a 
stroke of lightning. At the raising of this house, a man 
whose name is lost, was suddenly killed. Jn 1832, three 
commodious meeting houses were erected, belonging re- 
spectively to the Congregational, Baptist, and Liberal 
Societies. A convenient Hall has been erected at Oakdale, 
and is now occupied by the Methodist Society. A Chapel 
has also been erected in the central part of the town for 
the accommodation of the Catholic portion of the popu- 
lation. 

In 1808, now 50 years since, there was but one church 
and religious society and but one clergyman in this town. 
To that society every family in the town belonged, and all 
taxable persons paid their legal proportion towards the 
support and maintenance of the ordinances of religion. 

In 1818, George ^Icirifield, a lad nine years of nge and 
brother of Charles Merrifield of this tov^^n, when sliding 
from a hay scaffold, came in contact with a hay-puller 
which entered his body and caused his deadi. 

In 1855, Emmons Glazier, son of Jonas Glazier, was, 
drowned here while bathing in the river. 

There have been six deaths in this towi\, by suicide, 
within the last 60 years. 



Various itkms. 



At the time of the incorpor.itiou of tlic town of West 
Boylston, Jonas Temple and Tliomas Keyes of lioylstofi, 
and Jonas Mason of Sterling, although included within 
the limits of the new town, were allowed, together with 
their estates, to remain connected with the respective 
towns to w^hich they then belonged. This privilege so 
liberally granted them, they tenaciously adhered to until 
their decease, when their real estate came under the juris- 
diction of the town within the limits of which it was 
included. 

Antliony Taylor, son of Eleazcr Taylor, of Boylston, 
was born in 1749, came to West IJoylston in 180S, where 
he resided until his decease wliich occurred in 1819, aged 
70 years. He was a large, stout buJIt man, and supposed 
by his contemporaries not to be surpassed in physical 
f«)rce and muscular strength by any man in New England. 
In early life, while in full possession of vigor and vivacity, 
he performed several extraordinary feats, the relation of 
which might seem to challenge the belief of the most cred- 
ulous. Yet the credibility of those wh.o witnessed and 
have given an account of the wonderful exhibitions of 
power and strength manifested and put forth by this man, 
would render it quite certain, and perhaps beyond a rea- 
sonable doubt, that nothing more than the truth has been 
stated relative to him. An instance of the manifestation 
of his extraordinary muscular power, was the lifting of a 
ticld piece, while with the army at Cambridge in 17 75, with 
the intention of placing it upon his shoulder, which he 
probably would have accomplished had not those around 
him by their interference prevented, regarding such an ef- 
fort imprudent and hazardous. Other accounts relative to 
the developement of the uncommon physical force of this 
individual might be mentioned, having been received from 
reliable sources and corroborated by indisputable testi- 
mony. 

The number of deaths in West Bovlston, from 180H tu 



ih 






^r. ji'.vi;,; 'j:: 



G8 

l8o8, was near 1100. Daring tlie t\vc4ve years previou!-: 
vo 1808, while the town was a precinct, the number of 
deaths was between 70 and 80. Much the larger portion 
of tlie mortal remains of those who have deceased in this 
town since 1796, are deposited in the public buryiii;^^ 
l^rouud adjoining the Common. 

There is a large buttonwood tree, venerable for age and 
appearance, standing by the roadside near the ancient Bea- 
man mansion house, planted there more than one hundred 
years ago by the elder Ezra Beaman while in his boyhood, 
being at the time but thirteen years of age. This relic of 
the early doings of him who once resided on those prem- 
ises, may serve as a memento to awaken the memory rela- 
tive to the distinguished individual who possessed a larger 
share of energy, enterprise, and public spirit than any one 
else who ever resided in this town. 

There is standing at the present time, within the limils 
of the road and opposite the Eeaman burying ground, near 
the residence formerly occupied by l-^phraim and Silas Bca- 
nian, a stately oak of venerable appearance and ancient 
growth, which should be permitted there to remain as a 
s[)ecimen of enduring permanence. Although there, have 
been instances in this town of splendid and beautiful trees 
situated in special localities, having been unnecessarily 
<Aestroyed, it is hoped th.at such examples hencefortli will 
be of rare occurrence. 



MILITARY 



Benjamin Blgelow^ one of the early settlers of this 
town, went as a soldier with others in 1745, and assisted 
in the reduction and capture of Louisburg and Cape Bre- 
ton, then belonging to France and considered as the Gi- 
bralter of America. Tlie capture and possession of this 
place with its fortress was regarded as a highly important 
acquisition to the British crown. On his return from this 
•expedition, Mr. Bigelow bfouglit with him several ar'aclc:i 



". vj :'': <■ 



ti'i 



GO 

of iron nianufactiire, some of whiili are yet in use on the 
farm which he then occupied, and which is now iti tiiu 
possession of B. F. Keycs. 

Ephraini and Ithanicr Bennett, sons of Phineas Bennett, 
one of the early settlers of this town, enlisted as soldiers 
in the army which went to Ticonderoga in 1758, and at- 
tempted the reduction of the fortress at that place. They 
were in the so called " ^ilorning Fight " that then occur- 
red, and wdiich continued four hours, resulting in a disas- 
trous defeat. These two young men were both killed in 
that terril)le conflict. 

At the commencement and during the progress of the 
war of the American Revolution, the inhabitants of the 
district now comprising the town of West lioylston, were 
zealous and active in ellorts to obtain and secure ibr tiiem- 
selves and the Colonies, liberty and independence. Major 
Beaman was a prominent and leading spirit in this impor- 
tant and patriotic enterprise, while others around him 
Avere also firm and determined in favor of freedom and 
the rights of the people. On several special and import- 
ant occasions the citizen soldiers here turned out, readily 
leaving their families and business to engage in the service 
of the country, and that witliout ])ay or remuneration, 
other than the satisfacticjn of having promptly discharged 
their duty. During the continuance of the war, several 
men here enlisted and were joined to the regular army at 
different periods, all of whom, with a single exception, 
served out their time, returned hon\e, and live'd to enjoy 
the blessings and advantages resulting from the toils and 
suffering which they had bravely endured. Their names 
were Kzra Beaman, John Bixby, Jos. Bixby, Z;ichariah 
Child, Jos. Dwelley, Wm. Fairbank, Oliver Glazier, Benj. 
Hinds, Jr., Jason Hinds, ' Ebenezer Inglesby, Ebenezer 
Pike, Paul Kaymornl, Isaac Smith, John Temple, Nathan 
Wilder, and John Winn. These bravo and patriotic men 
have all deceased, but tlieir memories should long be cher- 
ished by a grateful people with feelings of respect and 
veneration. Several of them lived to receive from the 
country a ])ension, which their faitiiful services merited and 
to whicli tlicy were justly entitled. Oliver Glazier who 
survived all the others, died in I800, airod 92 years. 



TO 

Tivc first Military Company or Train Band in this town, 
'.vas organized in 1801, consisting of the able bodied 
men between 18 and 45 years of age. This company 
then numbered about 50 men, and at the first election of 
officers, Sihis Newton was chosen Captain ; Elijah Goode- 
now, Lieutenant ; Hiram Howe, Ensign. Tlie following 
persons were severally and successively elected to the Cap- 
tainship of this company, from time to time, during the 
continuance of its organization, viz : Silas Newton, Elijah 
(ioodenow, Levi Kilburn, Silas Dinsmore, Barak B. Fair- 
bank, Josiah P. Brown, Jonathan Plimpton, Jr., Peter 
Holmes, Levi Goodalc, Ephraim Bigelow, Asa Bigelow, 
Dennis Harthan, Levi Pierce, Jr., Willard Worcester, Eb- 
ciiezcr Fisk, and Ward B. Uarthan. This company con- 
tinued some 30 years in an organi/ed capacity, and then 
l)ecame extinct. 



RIVERS AND BRIDGES. 



There are two rivers running into this town, the Still- 
water from Sterling, and the Quinepoxet from Holden, 
forming a junction near the village of Oakdale, thence 
passing along through the central portion of the town to 
iioylston and Lancaster, continuing its course to Nashua, 
N. IL, where it empties into the Merrimac. 

There are four prominent bridges in the town ; two at 
Oakdale, one at Central Village, and r.nother near the an- 
cient and well known Beaman situation. 

In 1856, the Beaman bridge was rebuilt with stone, at 
an expense of about $4000, and is considered durable and 
permanent. It has three arches of sufficient capacity to 
take the water that passes along in the channel of the 
river. The committee chosen by the town to superintend 
the building of this bridge, were Addison Lovell, John 
Prentiss, and Samuel Lawrence. 

In 1819, the Central Bridge was rebuilt in a thorough 
substantial manner, upon an improved plan, principally 
under the direction and superintendence of David C. Mur- 
dock. Chairman of the Board of Selectmen at that time, 
at an expense of about $900. 



THE FAKMING INTEREST 



The number of fanners in West Boylston at the pres- 
ent time (1858,) is 70, liaving slightly increased durin^L'; 
tlie last 50 years. Althougli some advance has been made 
in tlie bui^iness of agriculture and Ihe art of husbandry, 
yet it is doubtful \v)ielher larger quantities of grain and 
otiier valuable products are now produced, than tiicre 
Avere 50 years ago. In 1808 and j)revious to that tiiiiu, 
there were annually produced in this town, probably not 
less than 3000 bushels of rye, and perhaps about the same 
quantities of corn and oats. Most of the farmers produc- 
ed a sufhcient quantity of wheat to alYord a supply I'or 
their families. It M'as an occurrence almost unknown at 
that time, for a farmer to purchase a barrel of flour. During 
the winter, season the farmers transported considerable 
(juantities of rye me.d to ]h)ston, for which they received 
$1.25 per bushel, thereby realizing a fair proht. 

rifty years ago and previous to that time, large quanti- 
ties of cider were made in the town which was not oi'ten 
sold for less than $1.00 and sometimes for 82.00 or more 
per barrel, consequently it was a profitable production. 
It was then generally considered a necessary article for 
common use, and almost every family used several barrels 
annually. Most of the large farmers considered a cider 
mill to be a necessary appendage to their farm, and would 
feel themselves greatly deficient if not in possession of 
this convenience. 



PECULIAR AND EXTRAORDINARY EVENTS, 



The following peculiar and extraordinary events have 
occurred in by-gone years, operating not only in this im- 
mediate locality, (West Boyiston,) but were experienced 
and their effects felt generally throughout New England. 



" The Gnat Earlhqi/aL-r,'' as it has been termed, linp- 
[iL'iied late in the evonin^^ (jf Ndv. Is, IToo, uiiil produced 
1,'rcLit alarm ;md conster.i it'u)n, its ttllcls being very appa- 
rcnt and siirprisini^. Dwcllinu^ liouses were shaken so 
severely as to cause Iteltles and other tilings to rattle and 
make an unusual noise, dishes, plate.-:, &g., falling from 
shelves, and beds on which j)eople were sleeping, apparently 
rocking like a cradU-. In the westerly part of this town 
a hmall piece of land settled down sever;d feet, evidently 
in consequence of this occurrence, traces of it being yet 
visible. 

The Hard IVintcr. T!ic "Winter of 17S0 has ever 
been spoken of as '• Th- Hard Winter," by those who 
lived at that time, ami otliers Avho have succeeded them. 
It was remarkable for the great depth of snow which lay 
upon the grouiul for a long while, and on account of the 
severe cohl Avcather, which continued for several successive 
weeks. A snow of some depth fell in November before 
tlic ground was frozen, niid remained through the winter. 
Towards the last of December, a snow storm occurred of 
several days continuance, and huvin.g subsided, the snow 
was ascertained to be five or six feet in depth, entirely 
covering the rocks, fences, iSic, the roads being wholly im- 
passable and so remaining for several weeks. Oxen and 
horses were not used lor a long time. Wood for the hrc 
was cut from day to day in the lots, and drawn to the 
dwellings on hand-sleds, by men and boys wearing snow- 
shoes. By the same process grain and meal were trans- 
ported to and from the mill for family use. After the 
lapse of six or eight weeks trie cold began to abate, the 
snow gradually settled down, and eventually vanished 
away, the ground immediately became dry and ready for 
cultivation. There was no rain after the ground was cov- 
ered in November, until the snow had entirely disappeared 
in the spring — a period of four or five months. 

" The Dark DayT ever remembered and spoken of by 
tliose who witnessed it, occurred ^.lay 19, 17«0. It was 
remarkable on account of its extraordinary appearance, 
iilling the minds of the people generally with wonder and 
surprise. So strange and novel was the appearance on that 
day that many were struck with consternation, .spending 



,,■-■).< 



:j;','':i. ::'" .' r; 



73 

the most of their time in conversation relative to this sin- 
gular phenomenon and what mijjjht follow it. Early on 
the morning of that daj', the atmosphere had the appear- 
ance of being filled with dense fog of a yellowish hue, 
being in great commotion, apparently rolling abowt in 
large masses, constantly rising and moving along. So 
great was the darkness at mid-day that many families 
found it necessary to use lighted candles while they par- 
took of their dinner. The following night was as uncom- 
monly dark as was the preceding day. Nothing unusual 
followed this phenomenon. 

A Severe Frost occurred on the night of May 17th, 
1794, causing great damage and loss to the farmers' in con- 
sequence of its destructive eirects upon grain, fruit, &.c., 
not only in this immediate vicinity, but also throughout a 
large portion of New England. The day preceding was 
unusually cold, and during the night the surface of the 
ground was frozen, and in many localities, ice was formed 
on water an eighth of an inch in thickness. The spring 
was early and unusually forward. The farmers had larwc 
quantities of winter rye growing upon their lands, which 
at this time looked remarkably well, and seemed to prom- 
ise an abundant crop. It had already attained its full 
lieight, and was in bloom, but was so severely frozen that 
on the next day being thawed by the rising sun, it fell to 
the ground, and was entirely destroyed. A second growth 
sprung up but produced no grain of any value, being en- 
tirely blasted. Indian corn having been planted early, was 
up and looked well, and although much frozen, was not 
materially injured. Apples at this time, in some localities, 
were nearly as large as full grown cranberries, and with 
very few exceptions were wholly destroyed, and most 
other kinds of fruit also shared the same fate. 

Drought of 1805. During the summer of 1805, a 
drought was experienced in this vicinity and other portions 
of New England, probably of greater severity than has 
occurred since that period, or for many years previous. 
On the tenth of June of that year, the rain fell in torrents 
during the day, thoroughly soaking the ground and filling 
the streams with water to overflowing, producing the great- 
est freshet which happened throughout the year. From 
7 



71 

that time tlierc ^\-as no rain liereabouta until the last daj 
ol" July following, ulicn a small cloud came over late in 
the afternoon, raining moderately twenty or thirty minutes. 
The drought continued with increased severity until Sep- 
tember, ^vhen frequent showers occurred, sufficient to 
moisten the ground and revive droopin^; nature, thereby 
dissii)atiny; the alarm and gloomy forebodings then exten- 
sively prevalent. During this season of drought the pas- 
tures and other grass lands became sere and destitute ol' 
any thing green, aflbrding but a scanty subsistence for 
cattle, sheep, &lc. In some localities grasshoppers became 
so numerous as to devour and destroy every kind of vege- 
tation that came in their way, causing great injury and 
damage to grain, fruit, and other productions of the soil, 
resulting in loss to the farming interest, and consequently 
to the community. 

A Total Eclipse of the Sicn, visible in this vicinity and 
adjacent parts of the country, occurred June 1»), 1806: 
probably the most remarkable one in its appearance and 
effects, that has occurred for a hundred years. The day 
on -which tliis phenomenon happened, was fair and pleas- 
ant, the atmosphere still and serene, and the sky cloudless, 
thus affording ample opportunity for notice and observation. 
This eclipse occurred in the forenoon, the middle being 
between eleven and twelve o'clock. The sun v/as in total 
obscuration about two minutes, when nature assumed the 
appearance of evening, the fowls hastened to their roosting 
places, apparently overtaken by surprise, the chill of even- 
ing was felt, and stars were distinctly visible to the eye of 
the observer. The greatest splendor of the scene was the 
suddenness of total obscuration and afterwards the sudden 
and precipitant rush of the sun into open day. Asa whole 
the scene was sublime and magnificent, and highly grati- 
fying to the many who beheld it. 

7Vic Great Blow, as it has generally been termed, occur- 
red Sept. 23, 1815, was severely felt in this vicinity, and 
throughout a large portion of New England. It was de- 
structive in its effects, causing much damage and loss to 
the community. Extensive quantities of wood and timber 
were blown down, many valuable fruit trees were turned 
over and destroyed, apples, i>ears, peaches, <S>lc., were 



nearly all blown iVom the trees, almost entire) v covering 
tlic ground in orchards and other localities where fruit 
trees chanced to stand. In many instances sheds ami 
^rnall buildings were blown down and demolished, and 
wooden fences generally shared the same fate. Traces ol 
this tempest arc yet to be found in some ])laces, and prob- 
ably will be visible for years to come. This was undoubt- 
edly the greatest and most extensive tornado that has 
occurred in this region since the bcltleinent of New Eng- 
land. 

Culd Summers. During the last fifty years, or from 
ISOs to 1858, several seasons have occurred which were 
rather cold and consequently unfavorable to agricultural 
pursuits. The coldest and most unpropitious season was 
that of 1816, it being unusually cold from the commence- 
ment to the end of the year. During the summer months 
there was very little warm weather, and many days were 
so cold as to render the clothing of winter convenient and 
necessary. In June of that year, spots on the sun were 
distinctly visible to the eye, the atmosphere frequently 
presenting a thick, dusky appearance, like that of a severe 
winter's day, the cold at the same time being so severe as 
to make it pleasant and desirable to sit by a lire. It was 
frequently so cold as to render it uncomfortable to labor 
in the field. One farmer in this town (West Boylston,) 
on one of those cold days in the latter part of June, being 
busily engaged in ploughing a piece of land, actually lei't 
the field and turned out his team, then retired to his house 
saying it was so cold he could not stand it to follow the 
plough. During the summer there was a scarcity of feed 
in the pastures, and not more than half the usual crop of 
hay was cut fr"om the mow-lands. So scanty was the croj» 
in some cases, that hay was taken from the field and sold 
for 825 per ton. Many farmers disposed of a portion of 
their cattle the best way they could for fear of starvation. 
Indian corn was mostly spoiled by the autumnal frosts, 
very little of it being fit for use. English grain being 
i)etter adapted to a cold season, was heavy and good, and 
;i fair crop was generally obtained by the farmer. 

In 1832, the season was colder than usual. During the 
night of the last Wednesday in ]\Iay of that year, snow 



76 

fell in llils region so as to entirely cover the ground, an«l 
remained through the next day, it being so cold as to pre- 
vent thawing, but no damage was caused thereby. Indian 
corn on low land was mostly spoiled by the early frosts of 
autumn, M'hile on more favorable localities it ripened and 
produced an abundant crop of hale heavy corn. 

Remarkable Longevity. Mrs. Sarah Goodalc, relict of 
Edward Goodaie,one of the early settlers of this town, was 
born in Marlboro' in 1714, and died here in 1810, being 
in the ninety-seventh year of her age. She Avas the oldest 
person who has died, here since the settlement of the town, 
having been a resident here nearly 80 years. She was a 
robust, vigorous woman, industrious and frugal, being well 
qualified for the station she occupied in life. When about 
40 years of age, i\Ir. Goodale died leaving six young child- 
ren, (five sons and a daughter,) with their mother, to get 
along in the world the best they could. The mother be- 
came the guardian of the children, assuming the direction 
and management of them until they arrived at the age 
when they might legally act for themselves. She retained 
the ftirm in her possession, and by her industry and econ- 
omy attended by the blessing of God, she was enabled to 
award to each of her children their just proportion of their 
father's estate, at the time when they became legally enti- 
tled to assume the possession thereof, while at the same 
time herself had become the bona fide owner of the home- 
stead. These children all lived to old age, and in their 
turn manifested a fdial respect for their honored mother 
by extending the same dutiful care to her during the latter 
portion of her life, which she bestowed on them Avhiie in 
their cliildhood and early years. She was a professor of 
the Cliristian religion and always apparently acted in the 
fear of God and in accordance with the principles of" the 
Higher Law." During her life, she manifested a firm 
I'aith and confidence in Christ as her Savior, and conse- 
quently her death was peaceful and jiappy. Her children 
survived her and afterwards died as follows : 

Moses died in 1815, aged 75 years ; Elizabeth died in 
1837, aged 96 years; Aaron died in 1817, aged 74 years ; 
Paul died in 1828, aged 81 years; David died in 1832, 
aged 82 years ; Peter died in 1854, aged 82 years. These 



ckildren were early taught to regard and observe tlie prin- 
ciples and customs of the puritans, and manifested through 
life a becoming respect and veneration for the instruction 
received from an affectionate, devoted p;!rent. They were 
also professors of the Christian religion. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF 
THOMAS KKYES, Jr. 



Thomas Keycs, Jr., was born April 20, 1802, and died 
Oct. 30, 1831, at the age of 20 years. He was the sec- 
ond son of Thomas and Lydia Keyes, of West Boylston, 
and grandson of Thomas Keyes who settled here in 1767. 
He was a member of the Congregational Church in this 
town. The following biographic sketch is taken from 
''The Young Mechanic," for April, 1832. Tiie writer 
v)f the sketch was then and is now a citizen of Boston, as 
indicated by the signature : 

THOMAS KEYES, JR. 

It is a pleasing task, to follow through all the mazes, 
and to dwell upon the incidents connected with the rise- 
of an ingenious man, however he may have been favoreil 
bv circumstances, or assisted by fortune. If we dwell 
with pleasure upon the character of such a man, with 
what sensations must we trace the rise and progress of 
that man, who, imitating the course pursued by Franklin, 
Ferguson, and Simpson, rises from obscurity by his own 
efforts, without tlie advantages of education, the assist- 
ance of fortune, or the advice of friends, and beats out a 
path which those in better circumstances would scarcely 
attempt to follow. That the life of a mechanic, distin- 
guished for his perseverence and application, and with all, 
u native of our own states, will te interesting, (at least to 
mechanics,) I will not question. It indeed must be a 
fiource ofinterest to any one, to see an individual of their 



own class in society, in circumstances inferior to tlicnl'' 
selves and with less means of improvement, struggling to 
overcome the difficulties and disadvantages with which lie 
i.-s surrounded ; endeavoring, by every means in his pow- 
er, ;^witIiout injury to otliers) to better his condition, 
cither in fortune or acquirements. Such an individual 
should surely be tlie object of universal esteem. It has 
been justly remarked, that although the disadvantages 
are great, of those who are obliged to begin their acquaint- 
ance with science late in life, yet all tlie chances of ihe 
race are not against them. Tiic time they have lost, and 
are anxious to redeem, of itself gives a stimulus that will 
m.ikc up for many disadvantages. 

Such was the case with the subject of this sketch, who 
\vas born at West lioylston, Mass. His time appeared of 
so much importance to him that he often denied himself 
the necessary time for sleep. As he did not apply him- 
self to a mechanical business until he was 20 years of age, 
lie considered it a duty to redeem it if [)ossible. Tlic 
(• luse which prevented him until this age from following 
iiis favorite pursuit, was neither poverty nor inclination, 
hut the wishes of his friends, who "not seeing as he saw," 
endeavored to check what they considered his wayward 
fancies, and to fix his mind upon the cultivation of the 
farm, of which he ^\'as to become a part possessor. Al- 
though he appeared to yield tt) tlie wishes of his friends, 
yet he never could bring his mind to acquiesce in the idea 
of spending his life in a pursuit so contrary to his inclina- 
tions. While with his hands he cultivated the soil, his 
Tuind was panting for that knowledge which he knew as a 
mechanic he could practice. And, the time which was 
not occupied in labor on the farm, he spent in the cultiva-* 
J ion of his mind. Although he devoted himself to math- 
ematics, natural philosophy, and astronomy, yet his taste 
for music appears first to have shown itself; and the in- 
:::cnuity displayed in his first attempt to gratify himself is 
worthy of notice, and is thus described by a friend : "the 
ilrst known of his musical performances was upon an in- 
strument of his own manufacture while he was very 
young ; it was made of a shingle, with silk strings strained 
ricross in tlie m.aniier of a violin, a small stick from an 



i>.pple Iran, and some ]i:ur from a horse's tali served lor a 
bow; and upou this rude instrument the young performer 
lias pro(hiced music which has been listened to with con* 
sidcrable pleasure." From this rude but successful at- 
tempt miiy probably be traced the first desire he had to 
make himself master of the art in which he afterwards 
became very proticient as a performer npon several instru- 
ments. Some time previous to his leaving the farm, his 
attention was attracted by a description of an organ in a 
cyclopedia to which he h;ul access, and from the accurate 
account of the different parts there given, he formed the 
idea of making one himself, the parts of which were to 
be of wood. This was considerable of an undertaking to 
one situated ns he was, without tools or materials, and 
many would probably have abandoned the scheme as im- 
practicable ; but his persevereancc led hiui to devise means 
to obviate these dithculties, and by the friendly assistance 
of a cabinet maker who allowed him the use of his tools» 
lie was enabled to accomplish his object to his perfect 
satisfaction. 

But, with all the fi\-cination and pleasure which natural- 
ly follows the study of music, it was made to give way to 
the more solid sciences. Of these, mathematics, (wliich 
is considered by some as the most dry and insipid of all 
studies, ) held the first place in his esteem. It was con- 
sidered by him in its true light — as the only foundation 
on which the other sciences could be firmly built, lie 
thought no time mispent, while engaged in solving the in- 
tricate and abstruse problems with wiiich it abounds ; and 
1 have ofteu heard him observe, that "mechanics were not 
aware of the disadvantage of attending so little, to this 
all-important science."' It must certainly be confessed, 
that it has been very much neglected by this class of the 
community; for if we look around and see how many 
liave been ruined by schemes, which, with a little atten* 
tion to the truths explained in this science, they might 
have avoided, we cannot lail of being impressed with the 
necessity of urging it upon the candid consideration of 
mechanics. Let it but be realized, that this is the key 
vtone by which the grand arch of science io secured, and 
on which the hopes of genius must be based, then will 






1 

, io . . . , , , . f ; 

■"■'" i 

i 



80 

those difficulties which appear insurmountable, vanish— 
the abstruse will be simple, the useless important, and 
the tedious pleasing. 

In the study of astronomy, which had engaged his at- 
tention during the latter part of his life, he ''found his 
knowledge of mathematics of the greatest service in mak- 
ing the numerous calculations which were necessary in 
the construction of apparatus, by the aid of which correct 
ideas could be conveyed to the minds of the youthful and 
uninformed, of this sublime and interesting science. An 
Orrery, which he contrived for the purpose of illustrating 
the relative motions of the solar system, is very simple 
and economical, and when united with its correct calcula- 
tions and ease of management, forma one of the most 
useful instruments of tlie kind. To be used in connexion 
with his Orrery, he had in view an apparatus wliich was 
to embrace the Lunarium and Tclhirium on a different 
plan from any at i)rcsent known. ]]ut unfortunately the; 
traces of the design which he has left are so obscure, that 
it is impossible for any one to understand his views suffi- 
ciently to complete it. A piece of board which he had 
prepared for the purpose of making a working draft of 
liis plans, was not used, in consequence of liis being taken 
ill with that disease, from which he never recovered. 

In addition to the studies which have been mentioned, 
he likewise pursued that of drawing and painting ; the 
latter, liowever, occupied but a small share of his time. 
To his taste for painting, may be attributed an apparatus 
he contrived, a description of wliich, may not be uninter- 
esting ; an experiment in optics, which is no doubt famil- 
iar to many, and is performed by having a piece of circular 
board painted in equal proportions of blue, yellow and 
red, and made to revolve with great velocity. The board 
Will appear while whirling of a dirty white. If the board 
were divided into twelve parts instead of three, and should 
have four series of the colors, blue, yellow, and red, one- 
fourth of the velocity would produce the same effect. The 
• camcleoscope ' is tlic name of the machine contrived by 
Mr. Keyes, so called from the various changes of color 
produced by it while in motion. It is made by cutting 
out nine of the twelve parts of the board, and leaving but 



81 

one series of col«)rs equally divided. Then by making' 
four such boards jiainted \vith various colors, revolve be- 
hind each other with diflerent velocities, it will exhibit a 
continual change of color; and if by any means it could 
I>e stopped, when a pleasing shade presented itself, it 
might be known what colore had produced it. This was 
a scheme, which is probably more curious than useful. — 
But although it might not have been of any practical utili- 
ty, yet it might have contained hints which may hereafter 
be applied with advantage. 

We may licre regard a trait in the character of Mr. 
Keyes which is worthy of all imitation, that of communi- 
cating information to others freely, and especially those 
discoveries which we have made, and do not know to 
what purpose to apply them. A free communication of 
sentiment and opinion between different persons, is ac- 
knowledged to be of the greatest benefit, Tlie institu- 
tion of Lyceums, and other societies, is but to assist in 
accomplishing this end. Mr. Keyes was fully aware of 
the advantage resulting from persons associating together 
for mutual instruction ; and acknowledged that he had 
been greatly assisted in the study of astronomy by being 
a member of a small society of individuals in his native 
village, who met together for mutual improvement in that 
science. At the head of this social club, was the venera- 
ble and respected astronomer and philosopher, Ilobert B. 
Thomas. To this gentleman Mr. Keyes looked up with 
reverence ; his kindness in furnishing books, and assist- 
ing him in his various studies, were favors which were 
never forgotten. 

Let it not be urged, that a person who (urns his atten- 
tion to many things can do nothing well ; for, although 
it may be true in some degree, yet it is not without excep- 
tions. Sir William Jones, the greatest civilian of modern 
times, contended, 'Mhat no opportunity for improvement 
in any study, which presented itself, should be neglected;'' 
and he himself, while studying the law, took advantage of 
vacations lo peruse the light works of the French and 
Italians, besides makinir a favorite pursuit of dancing and 
fencing. And yet, all this variety, which would be 
thought to distract his attention, aided in making him 



the greatest lawyer and most i)rofound scliolar of liis 
age. The uhol(j object of all tlie studies of Mr. Kcyes 
tended to one grand point— the acquisition of knowl- 
edge. If Ills pursuits are various, they were no Ic^s 
correct. A^ a cabinet maker, a clock maker, an ap- 
paratus makir, or a student, his work bore the stamp of a 
matliematical mechanic. 

I have thus attempted to compile a few incidents of the 
life of one, worthy of the respect of all classes, but cs- 
l)ecially of that of which he was the ornament. 1 will 
not pretend to say, that he was more of an ornament to 
mechanics that many others who have preceded him ; for 
there have been those, whose names have been suffered' 
to moulder in oblivion, when they deserved to have been 
handed down for the admiration of posterity. But, if'» 
bome have been neglected, it does not follow that we 
should neglect all. Instead of neglecting them, let us en- 
deavor hereafter, to perpetuate the remembrance of those 
whose lives aflbrd an example worthy of imitation. The 
rapid march of intellect and improvement among the pro- 
ducing classes, within a few years past, awakens the fond- 
est hopes for its permanence and duration. If this state 
of things should continue, biographies and examples will 
be needless. And we can now apparently lift the veil of 
futurity and see the existence of that state, ** when in the 
proud career of mind our country will seek her fame." 

J. .M. w. ■ 



CONCLUDING llEMARKS. 



In closing tlie Historical Memorandum of West Boyls- 
ton, it may not be thought improper to inquire somewhat 
in regard to the past and respecting the future. 

Where are those adventurous, enterprising men, together 
with those directly and intimately associated with them in 
life, who cominonced the settlement of West Boylston, 
and others who followed and resided here from 1720 to 



S3 

1770, or a portion of that time, some in llie niadiiit)- oi* 
life, others in childhood i^nd youth, all lookinj^ forward 
with hope and anticipation r None of thut interesting and 
long to be remembered portion of our ancestors and prede- 
cessors are now living, all having paid the debt to nature 
due. 

Wliere are those who commenced life in this town after 
the close of the first 50 years froni the ])criod when the 
original settlers located here and previous to ISOS, the 
time when the town assumed a legal organized position : 
Some- 50 or 60 of that number are y(^t living and reside- 
here, and perliaps about the same luunber dvc also living 
and reside elsewhere, thus showing th;it since the incorpor- 
ation of the town, now fifty years since, about five -sixths 
of those in life and residing liere at that time, have found 
" the last of earth " and gone to participate in scenes be- 
yond this fleeting world. 

What is in the future and will be developed to human 
view and observation during the next 50 years, is to a 
great extent, altogether beyond the stretch of the imagina- 
tion or conception of the far-seeing and accurate calcula- 
tor ; and what might now be suggested for consideration 
as a probable or possible occurrence, may not only be a 
demonstrable fact but an existing reality, before the close 
of the next half century. Events auspicious and desirable 
and also adverse and lamentable, will undoubtedly trans- 
pire, alternately causing joy and sorrow, not only to indi- 
viduals and to distinct families, but to the whole com- 
munity. 

In 1908, when the centennial anniversary of this town 
shall be celebrated, perhaps some, how many c;innot be 
conjectured, who are now here enjoying and participating 
in occurrent scenes and events, may be present with others 
yet unborn on that interesting occasion ; while much the 
larger portion of the present inhabitants of this town will 
then be numbered with the silent dead. 

What will then be said of us who arc now here actively 
engaged in the busy scenes and transactions of life. Will 
our general course as social beings, residing and acting in 
this community, and our individual moral influence be 
such through life as to merit and elicit tlie grateful recol- 



lection and approval of our successors, who may chance 
ihon to hold and occupy' these dwellings, which we must 
ere longr vacate, and leave to be remodelled and become 
tlie residences of our descendants and others? Shall wl- 
rightfully deserve the same trilmte of veneration and rc- 
s])cct from those we leave behind, to which our ancestors 
and predecessors are justly entitled to from us? Consid- 
erations like these might protitably occupy some of those 
leisure moments which occasionally overtake us, imd nioy 
the ellect be to cause our mark in life to be so made as 
not to prove a blot on our future memory. 



E R R ATA. 
On page 10,— 4th line from the bottom, read Persis for Tersi.'. 
On pa-e 11.— 0th lino from the bottom, read Major Beaman for Mayor 

Bcamau. 
Un pa-o 25— last lino in the sketch of Abiel Holt, read leadms for lead. 
On page 29— 5th lino from the bottom, read S<:bra for Sabia. 
On page 37,— in the sketch of the life of Aaron Thomas,- 3d line, read 

Dca. Jonas Mason iuitcad of Dea. Ebcnczcr Mason, 



fmf^-f. 



61^ ^