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Full text of "Historical notices of old Belfast and its vicinity; a selection from the mss. collected by William Pinkerton, F.S.A., for his intended history of Belfast, additional documents, letters, and ballads, O'Mellan's narrative of the wars of 1641, biography of Mary Ann M'Cracken, now first printed .."

'STORiCAJ., NOTICES OF 



iLFAST 



AND ITS VICINITY 



R. M. YODNG 





I 












'•* • " • ': * 






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A 



laiJi^f^ 





VIEW OF LONG BRIDGE, BELFAST, BY GEORGE PETRIE, R.H.A., 1829. 

(From original iLiatcr-colour in possession of Robert Young, C.E., J. P.) 




REDUCED FAC-SIMILE OF LAWSON'S MAP OF BELFAST HARBOUR, &c., 17S9. 

{From Original in possession of Editor.) 




'^as&iiw,. 



THIS VOLUME IS BY PERMISSION 

♦ DeMcateD to ♦ 

THE LORD MAYOR, ALDERMEN, AND CITIZENS 
OF THE CITY OF BELFAST. 

1895- 



HISTORICAL NOTICES 



OF 



OLD BELFAST 



AND ITS VICINITY 



A SELECTION FROM THE MSS. COLLECTED 

BY WILLIAM PINKERTON, F.S.A.. FOR HIS INTENDED HISTORY OF BELFAST, 

ADDITIONAL DOCUMENTS, LETTERS, AND BALLADS, 

O'MELLAN'S NARRATIVE OF THE WARS OF 1641, 

BIOGRAPHY OF MARY ANN M'CRACKEN, 

NOW FIRST PRINTED. 



Mith nDaps an^ SUustrations 



EDITED, WITH NOTES, 

BY 

ROBERT M^PUNG, B.A., J.P., M.R.LA., F.R.S.A. 

Hon. Sec. Belfast Natural History and Philosophical Society 

Author of the " Town Book of the Corporation of Belfast ;" " Ulster in 'g8" 

Co-Editor of the " Ulster Journal of Archeology" 



i^wayayere to. Trepto-crci'crai'Ta KAcicr/xaTa, iva. jj^-q rt airoXr^rai 




BELFAST 

MARCUS WARD & CO., LIMITED, ROYAL ULSTER WORKS 

W. MuLLAN & Son ; Olley & Co., Ld. 

London : Elliot Stock. Dublin : Hodges, Figgis & Co., Ld. 

1896 

[all rights reserved] 



VP] 



Bs 




SIR SAIMUEL BLACK, 

Tojun Clerk of the City oj Belfast. 



BOSTON COLLEGE LIBRARY 
CHESTNUT HILL. MA 



# 



EDITOR'S PREFACE. 




1 ri t, PUBLICATION OF THE " TOWN BoOK 

OF THE Corporation of Belfast," in 
1892, would seem to have awakened fresh 
interest in its history, and the Editor has 
been favoured ivith many original documents 
relative to the Borough and its vicinity, of 
which a selection are printed in this present 
volume. The most important of these is the 
collection of MSS. made by the late eminent 
antiquary, William Pinkerton, F.S.A.,for his 
long-contemplated zuork, "THE history of 
THE TOWN AND CASTLE OF BELFAST, WITH 
NOTICES OF THE IRISH BRANCH OF THE CHICHESTER FAMILY," 
presented by his widow to the Editor in September, i8g^, zvith the 
request that they might be used in whatever way he thought best. 
After a careful examination of these voluminous papers, it was con- 
sidered most fitting to print a selection of the unpiiblished manuscripts, 
so that the public might be the judges of the amount of original 
research undertaken as prelimitiary to the composition of the intended 
book. 

This had been partially recognised by George Benn in the preface 
to his " History of Belfast" which is based to a large extent oji the 
foregoing collection. It would appear, however, that in his natural 
desire to use as far as possible his own material, many important 
facts already available in the Pinkerton MSS. escaped his notice. It 
must also be remembered that he proposed to liinit the scope of his 
work to the town of Belfast, whereas the historical notices gleaned by 
Pinkerton from every available source relate to no insignificant part 
of Ulster. 

William Pinkerton was born in Belfast on 22nd fanuary, iSog, 
at 22, Bridge Street, the residence of his father, Andrew Pinkerton, 
who had come from Paisley, his native tozvn, some years before, and 
established a discount office, then a lucrative private business. He 
had married, shortly after setti?ig up his office, the widow of Ebenezer 
Black, manager of the " Belfast News-Letter^' at the time Alexander 
Mackay had acquired this valuable property. William Pinkerton was 
sent to the Belfast Academical Institution as a pupil of fames Knowles, 
then English Master, and father of the famous fames Sheridan Knozvles. 
His education was continued at the Belfast Academy, where the 
Rev. William Bruce, D.D., was the Principal. Here he acquired a 
knowledge of classical literature, afterwards of great use in his historical 
researches. In 1822 the Principal gave his farewell address, and the 
only copy preserved was written by W. Pinkerton. After he left scbool, 
lie followed for years a seafaring life, and settled for a time in Pennsyl- 



I 



vi Editor's Preface. 

vania. On Ins return he married Miss Susan Watson^ daughter of 
Thomas Watson, Bark Place, Kensington, and took up his residence at 
Ham, near Lofidon, where he commenced literary work about 18^0, to 
which he devoted the remainder of his life. 

His rare critical acumen and unwearied faculty of research in the 
bye-ways of history quickly found appropriate expression in sundry 
contributions to " Chambers' s fournal" and " Book of Days!' To tJiese 
were added " Notes and Queries',' to wJiich he contributed many valu- 
able articles from 24.th March, 18^1 ( Vol. III.), till 2§th February, 
i8ji (^th S. VII.). An obituary fiotice of him appeared in the issue of 
jth A ugust, 18'ji (ph S. VIII., p. 118). A mongst other periodicals, 
he contributed to " The Anthropological Review',' " The Fisherman' s 
Magazine',' and " The Field!' But it was in the " Ulster Journal 
of Archaeology" that his most valuable papers appeared. Robert S. 
Macadam started this magazine in fanuary, i8jj, as the residt of the 
antiquarian loan collection shown in the Belfast Museum at the 
British Association, September, 1852. IV. Pinkerton's name first appears 
as the contributor of a. letter relative to the price of victuals wJien 
Schonbcrg was at Carrickfergus in i68g ( Vol I. p. 133). It is evident 
from Ids correspondence with Robert S. Macadam that he spared neither 
troidde nor time when writing these articles, actuated by the strong 
regard he felt for the country zvhere lie was born, and the town in which 
he had passed his youth. He writes in 183Q, " / have become a 
London-Irish Rifleman, yet I have not the slightest intention of deserting 
your colours" (Macadam MSS.). 

For many years he had thought of ivriting an exhaustive history of 
Belfast ; but the first public intimation of his intention seems to have 
been in his favourite " Notes and Queries" (3rd S. III., p. 14-3). He 
adds, in a notice of Barnaby Googe — " /;/ 1373 Walter Devereux, Earl 
of Essex, was induced to attempt the complete conquest of Ulster. This 
is not the place to allude to the court and private intrigues wJiicJi led to 
such an impolitic and foolhardy undertaking. The zvriter will have to 
treat of these matters at large in his forthcoming history of the most 
important toivn of that Province!' 

. He wrote to a Dublin friend about this time — " / have been for the 
past few years endeavouring to collect material for a history of Belfast, 
my native town. A nd I have, as stated in ' Notes and Queries! gone 
over all the ground of Reid's ' History! " 

Amongst the " Pinkerton MSS!' is a slip of paper on which he has 
written — " Dec. 2, 1863. The History of the Town and Castle of Belfast, 
%vith notices of the Irish branch of the Chichester Family, by William 
Pinkerton, F.S.A. If there be anie zuhich are desirous, &c. Of the 
period we knoio but little, and that is very useless for our purpose!' 

W. Pinkerton had all the qualities essential to the historian. Capable 
of infinite pains in searching for his material, he was able to use it to 
the fullest advantage, and express his thoughts in easy and accurate 
English. 

Without prejudice, and caring only for the truth of things, he was 
free from the partizanship which disfigures the works of many Irish 
historians. 



Editor's Preface. vii 

This can be in part explained by his long absence from Ireland, and 
ihe freedom of thought acquired by residence in the United States. 
He zaas on intimate terms ivitJi the leading Ulster antiquaries, as his 
letters testify, including the Revs. W. Reeves (afterwards Bishop) 
and Classon Porter, R. S. Macadam, E. Getty, f. W. Hanna, George 
and Edward Benn, and the Rev. f. O'Laverty, P.P., the latter still 
happily surviving. In the summer of i86^ he visited the North of 
Ireland, and made many enquiries for historical purposes. 

His health, ivhich had been long indifferent, showed symptoms of 
breakdown early in the sixties, and he had to relax his efforts, although 
he xvas anxious as ever to assist a friend^ as the folloiving extract from 
u letter, dated October ij, i86j, to R. S. Macadam shoivs : — "J/j/ 
colleague, Mr. Robert Chambers, broke down, and, much against my 
will, I had to go to the front. I felt it as a kind of point of honour 
under the circumstances, or I would not have risked my own health 
in doing soT 

By the discontinuance of the " Ulster fournal of Archcsology," owing 
to the death of R. S. Macadam's brother fames, Pinkerton was free 
to give his undivided attention to his " History of Belfast'' His 
last article in the ''fournal"' zaas entitled, ''Some Notices of Sir 
A rtJiur Chichester, Baron of Belfast. ' ' Unfortunately for Ids posthumous 
fame, he had planned his proposed work on too vast a scale for one 
lifetime to execute, resembling in this respect tivo of his contemporaries, 
Bishop Reeves and Edmund Getty, both of whom left important works 
uncompleted. 

When the material accumulated at such a sacrifice seemed ripe for 
the historian' s purpose^ and his ready pen had indited a feiv scattered 
episodes in the history of the town he loved so well, " municeps non 
ignotce civitatis," the end came, not unexpectedly, on joth fuly, i8ji. 

Soon after his lamented decease, the extensive collection of MSS. 
formed by him for his projected zvork were generously lent by his zvidow 
to his old friend, R. S. Alacadam. From some correspondence in the 
Macadam MSS., it appears that George Benn took them to his house at 
Glenravel, Co. Antrim, in the autumn of i8y2, where he made an 
inventory (given in the Appendix). He also zorote to R. S. Macadajn — 
" / am sure I could, if agreeable to all interests, make up a moderate- 
sized volume from the papers by bestozving some time to extracting 
something more from the old ' Tozvn Book,' if still in Mr. Torrens' 
possession, the ' Belfast News-Letter', and some other easily obtainable 
sources!' 

The result of this proposal was the zvell-knozvn "History of Belfast" 
by George Benn, publisJied by Messrs. Marcus Ward & Co. in i8j'/', 
a work of sterling value, much of zvJiich it owes to the researches of 
W. Pinkerton. 

After the " Pinkerton MSS." had been given to the Editor, and a 
careful collation made of them zoith the portions used by Benn, it zaas 
seen that a great deal of valuable matter had been omitted or passed 
over with brief mention. 

Amongst the more notable items so treated are Monroe's Raid on 



viii Editor's Preface. 

JSewry ; Monroe in Belfast ; Alereditlis Relation of Several Services ; 
the Com77ionwealtJi and the North of Ireland, including Cromwell's 
letters ; the Chichester Patents ; the iiniqiie extracts relative to King 
William III. and his Court at Belfast, including the text of his 
Proclamations in the North of Ireland ; the Island Magee IVitches, 
and Molyneuxs fourney to the North. 

In preparing the volume for publication, the Editor considered it 
would increase its historical value if some other original matter 
relative to the history of Belfast and its vicinity zvas added, so as 
partly to fill up the unavoidable gaps in the Pinkerton papers, and thus 
afford additional materials for future historians. 

Amongst these will be found some ^^ State Paper" extracts; the 
Ulster Assizes, i6i^ ; Account of fohn Corry ; Diary of Col. Bellingham ; 
Correspondence of Robert Greene ; Letters of Mrs. M Tier, and Biography 
of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 

Friar O'Mellan's "Narrative of the Wars of i6^i^' translated by 
R. S. AJacadam from the original Irish, is included in this volume, as 
an unpublished account of a most eventful period in the history of this 
country, and from the further circumstance that the translation zvas 
made by an accomplished Irish scholar, zvJio sliortly before his death 
had expressed keen interest in the present work, and had offered his 
valued assistance. After his decease, his surviving relative, Jlliss Anna 
Macadam, most kindly placed his literary MSS. in the Editor s hands. 

The historical material contained in the presetit volume is 
arranged as far as possible in chronological order. It is believed 
that almost all of it is now first printed. The Editor has given, in his 
Notes, original extracts from MSS. in his possession and elsewhere, 
rather than quotations from printed works. 

All the full-page and other illustrations by Messrs. fohn and 

f. W. Carey, of Messrs. Carey, Hanford & Carey, zaere drawn for 

this book from suggestions and information supplied by the Editor. 

The photo-engraving has been executed by Mr. foseph Lewis zvith his 

accustomed skill. 

The Editor s thanks are due to Messrs. Walpole Bros. ; R. Cochrane, 
F.S.A., Hon. Sec. R.S.AT. ; and Prof. G. F. Savage-Armstrong, 
M.A., D. Lit., for kind permission to use the blocks on pp. ij, 154- ; 
3, 4.6, 163 ; 23, 24, 13Q, 1 4.1, respectively. 

He also takes this occasion of returnijig his sincere thanks for the 
original MSS., &c., kindly presented to him by Mrs. W. Pinkerton, Miss 
Anna Macadam, Miss Gordon, and Christopher Aitchison, Esq.,f.P. 

His acknowledgments are especially tendered to the Earl of 
Belmore, G.C.M.G., for the notice of fohn Corry, and illustrative 
blocks ; f. Ribton Garstin, Esq., D.L., V.P., R.I. A., for the diary of 
Col. Bellingham ; Mrs. Adam Duffin, Mrs. fames Henry, and the 
Misses M'Cracken. His best thanks are hereby given to the Countess 
of Shaftesbury, the Baroness von Stieglitr:, Lord ONeill, William 
M^Cammond, Esq., f.P., Lord Mayor of Belfast ; Sir Samuel Black, 
Town Clerk; Alderman Lavens M. Ewart, f.P., M.R.LA.; Alderman 
fames Henderson, M.A.,f.P.; the President of Queen s College, Belfast ; 



Editor's Preface. 



IX 



the Dean ofDromore ; Rev. Denis Murphy, S./., LL.D.; Rev. IV. Reynell, 
B.D.; Rev. G. Hill; Rev. C. Scott, M.A.; Rev. W. T. Latimer, B.A., 
Rev. J. O'Laverty, P.P., M.R.I.A. ; W. J. Fitzpatrick, Esq., LL.D. 
F.S.A.; T. H. Torrens,Esq.,J.P.; John Salmon, Esq.; Classon Porter, 
Esq.; W. Szvanston, Esq., F.G.S.; John Vinyconib, Esq., M.R.LA.; 

E. H. Clarke, Esq.; H. W. Clarke, Esq., M.A.; W. H. Dreiman, Esq.; 

F. B. Siimns, Esq. ; Don Jorge O'Neill, Lisbon ; Marriot R. Dalway 
J. P., Esq. ; James Logan, Esq. ; James Johnston, Esq. ; F. J. Bigger, 
Esq., M.R.L.A.; F. W. Money penny, Esq.; J. H. Bland, Esq.; James 
Graham, Esq.; A. H. Coates, Esq.; D. Keay, Esq.; the Librarians of 
British Museum, Lambeth Palace Library, Belfast Free Library, Linen 
Hall Library, and the other frietids mentioned in the text. 



ROBERT MAGILL YOUNG. 



Rathvama, Belfast, Nm'ciider, iSgj. 





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WILLIAM PINKERTON, F.S.A., 1809— 187I. 



CONTENTS. 



Editor's Preface, containing some account of W. Pinkerton, f.s.a. 

Report by Robert Cowley, 1538 ... 

Claneboy, December, 1542 

Piers and Malbie to the Queen, 1567 

Irish Linen Yarns, 1572 

Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen, 1573 

Answer to Lord Treasurer's Objections, 1594 

Petition of Agents, &c., Carrickfergus, 1594 

Sir A. Chichester and Island Magee, 1601 

Letter from Thomas Walker, Newry, 1601 

Inquisition taken at Ardquin, 1605, and Smith's Grant 

Timber m Ulster, 1608 ... 

The Plantation of Ulster. Chichester to Salisbury, 1610 

Assizes held in Ulster, 161 5 

Orderofthe Exchequer, 1618 

Commission on Waste of Woods, 1625 

Customs, Excise, &c., in Ireland, 1637 

Monroe's Raid on Newry, 1643 ••• 

The Cessation, 1643. Account of Corn ... 

Monroe in Belfast, 1644 

The Parliament and Belfast, 1645. Belfast Trade, &c., 1646-48 

A Relation of Several Services by Major Meredith, 1649 

The Commonwealth and North of Ireland, 1651-60 

Account of John Corry, 1654, by Lord Belmore ... 

Account of Stranmillis, Belfast ... 

Certificate by Daniel O'Neill. Petition of P. Russel, 1663 

Account of Sir George Rawdon ... 

Confirmation of the Chichester Patents, 1669 

Description of Ardes Barony, 1683 

Proclamation of Schonberg, Belfast, 1689 

Diary of Colonel Bellingham at Belfast, 1690 

King William III. and his Court at Belfast, 1690 ... 

Journey to the North by Dr. T. Molyneux, 1708 ... 

Depositions, Island Magee Witches, 17 10 

Correspondence of Robert Greene, 1725-26 

^rs. M'Tier's Letters to Dr. W. Drennan, 1776-84 

Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken, 1770- 1866... 

Narrative of Wars of 164 1, by Friar O'Mellan, 1641-47 

Appendix. Inventory of Pinkerton MSS. and List of Books 

Notes 

Index 



PAGES 

V — ix 
I 

2,3 

4-10 
II-I3 
14-16 
i6-r8 
18-20 

20, 21 

21, 22 
23-26 
27,28 
28-30 

30-39 
39.40 

41,42 
42-48 

49-55 

55,56 

56-64 

64-68 

68-72 

73-108 

109-116 

117-123 

123, 124 

124-127 

127-138 

138-143 

143 

144-146 

148-152 

152-160 

161-164 

165-168 

169-173 

175-197 

199-247 

249-251 

252-283 

:84-287 



2 



%i8t of Jllustrations. 

SEPARATE FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Lawson's Map of Belfast Harbour, 1789 ... ... ... {Frontispiece) 

Dedication Plate, Arms of City of Belfast, in Full Heraldic Colours 

{To face Title-page) 
To face page 



PAGE 



5) 



The Belfast Corporation Address to King William, 1690 

Sir Arthur Chichester presenting Charter to Corporation, 1613 

View of Belfast in 1805 

Attack on Belfast by Col. Venables, 1649 

Interior of Assembly Room, Old Exchange, 1793 

Burning of Belfast Castle, 1708 

T. M'Cabe denouncing proposed Slave Ship Company, 1786 

Execution of Henry J.oy M'Cracken, 17th July, 1798 

FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS PRINTED WITH TEXT. 

Portion of Mercator's Map of Ulster, 1594 
Chart of Belfast Lough, 1693 
Portrait of Mary Ann M'Cracken 
Map of Site of White Linen Hall, 1783 
Old Houses at Queen's Square, 1854 

ILLUSTRATIONS IN TEXT. 



5) 



I 

29 

57 

72 

127 

155 

170 

187 



43 
147 
174 
198 
248 



PACK 



View of Belfast and Long Bridge, by 

G. Petrie, R. h.a. {reverse of half-title) 
Sir Samuel Black, Town Clerk 

{reverse of title) 

Old Town Seal 

William Pinkerton, p\S.a. 

Lord Mayor of Belfast 

The Ford of Belfast ... 

Carrickfergus Castle ... 

Ancient Seal of Carrickfergus 

Queen Elizabeth 

Dunluce Castle 

Arms of Elizabeth, Trin. Coll., Dublin 

Weaving 

Irish Girl Spinning 

Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex 

Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone 

Castle of Ardkeen, Co. Down 

Arms of Savage of the Ards 

Sir Thomas Smith 

Coleraine 

Arthur Chichester, Baron of Belfast 

Village of Masareene ... 

Ancient Gallows, Carrickfergus 

Arms of Enniskillen 

Anns of Londonderry 

View of Londonderry ... 

Ancient Irish Sgian 

Arms of Dungannon 

Carrick-a-Rede 

Felling Oaks for Belfast Castle 

Connswater Bridge, 1603 

Ancient Bell of Bangor 

Seal of Customs, Carrickfergus 

Bust of Swift, Trinity College, Dublin 

View of Mourne Mountains 

Mourne Mountains from Castlereagh 

.•\rms of Dundalk 

Charles the First 

The Library, Trinity College, Dublin 



IX 

xii 
I 

2 
'^ 

7 

10 
II 
12 

13 
20 



24 
26 
28 
29 
31 



34 
35 
36 
36 
40 
4t 
44 

45 
46 

48 
49 
52 
53 
56 
59 



Covenanters tearing their Colours 

Ancient Seal of Londonderry 

Token of John Steward 

Token of John Clugston 

St. Lawrence's Gate, Drogheda 

Cromwell in Ireland ... 

Arms of Newry 

Seal of Commonwealth 

Seal of Belturbet 

Arms of Dublin 

Arms of Kilkenny 

Gateway, Walls of Derry 

Title-page, Venables' Experienced Angler 88 



Arms of Munster and Connaught 

Arms of Leinster 

Arms of Waterford 

Oliver Cromwell 

City of Gal way and Arms 

Belfast Church made a Fort ... 

Arms of Cork ... 

Silver Salver of Claudius Gilbert 

John Corr^s Coat of Arms ... 

Token of John Corry, Belfast 

Silver Tankard of ditto 

Old Water Works, Stranmillis 

Lock-keeper's House, do. 

The Quern 

Hillsborough Fort 

Portmore Woods 

Arms of Donegall Family 

White Abbey in 1800 

Enclosing Deer-park, Cave Hill 
Portaferry Castle 

Ardkeen Church 

Schonberg crossing Long Bridge 

Old Belfast Castle 

Gloves, &c., of King William III. 
Signature of King William III. 
Map of Battle of Boyne 
Waringstown ... 



PAGE 

60 

63 
65 
67 
69 
70 
72 
73 
74 
74 

n 

85 



89 

91 

94 
98 

99 
102 
105 
108 
109 
no 

113 
117 
118 
120 
122 
126 
127 
129 
130 

139 
141 
144 
146 
149 

151 
153 
154 



xu 



Illustrations. 



Lisburn ... 

Shane's Castle ... 

Giant's Causeway 

Castlereagh 

Seal of Carrickfergus 

View of Belfast Lough, 1750 ... 

Collier Tomb, Belfast Old Church 

Belfast from Cabin Hill 

William Drennan, M.D. 

Capt. J. M'Cracken and his Wife 

Hearts of Steel attacking Barracks 

Shop in Castle Street, 1790 ... 

Thurot's Landing 

Autograph of Henry Joy M'Cracken 
Henry Joy M'Cracken 



PACK 




[page 


... 155 


Old View of High Street 


.. 187 


... 156 


Belfast about 1780 


.. 189 


... 157 


Battle of Antrim 


.. 194 


... 160 


Old Exchange ... 


.. 3196 


... 163 


Owen Roe O'Neill 


.. 199 


... 164 


Benburb Castle 


.. 200 


... 166 


Speed's Map of Ireland 


.. 201 


... 169 


After the Battle of Benburb ... 


.. . 247 


... ^73 


William Ware 


.. 251 


... 176 


Corporation Bellman ... 


.. 252 


... 178 


Book-plate of Earl Donegall ... 


... '.265 


... 179 


Belfast Book-plates 


... 272 


... 182 


Old Glass-House, Ballymacarrett 


.. 283 


1 184 


Cocky Bendy 


.. '284 


... 185 


Black Sam 


... 287 




WILLIAM M'CAMMOND, ESQ. 



J.r., LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF BELFAST 
1S94 AND 1895. 




THE FORD OF BELFAST 



Old Belfast 



IReport b^ IRobert (ro\\)lev\ flDastcr of tbe 1Roll6, 
on the State of Jrclanb, Bpril, 1538, 



LSTER, which is in the North, 
bordering with Scotland, long- after 
the Conquest descended to the King 
by the marriage of the daughter and 
heir of the Earl of Ulster, by which 
Earldom he might dispend yearly (as 
I remember) 32,000 marks, whereof 
I think at this day he hath nothing. 
In this portion, being the greatest 
' of the five except Munster, these 
Lords now inhabit, writing themselves princes, O'neill of 
Ulster, O'donell of Tyreconell, Felym Baccagh, lord of 
Claneboy, as great a man of strength as O'neill, besides 
these other great Lords, as Magwire, McMahon, Magennis, 
O'hanlan, O'chaan, McWillie (a Welshman of the English 
Conquest), Alexander Carragh McDonell, a captain of the 
Scots, which hath conquered lands beside Knockfergus, 
builded fortresses and there inhabiteth, Savage of the English 
Conquest — all these being disobedient to the law. (Exti'-act 
Irish Correspondence, State Paper Office.) 




Old Belfast. 



Clanebo^, Dec, 1542. 




HE L. D. advised a grant of Claneboy to 
Niall Connalagh O'Neill (nephew to the 
Earl of Tyrone), reserving Carrickfergus, 
Olderfleet, and Coleraine. About the same 
time, a Sir John Travers, who in the follow- 
ing year was made Master of the Ordnance, 
one of the many political quacks that have 
from time to time attempted to cure what they did not under- 
stand, wrote "Devices for the Reformation of Ireland" 




Mnjjipi^rd ' 'r^^~^^^^ 



VIEW OK CARRICKFERGUS CASTLE. 



(Vol. X., Art. 85), and in May, 1543, the Lo. D. let Claneboy 
to him instead of to Niall Connalaeh. 

Jan., 1562. L. L. Sussex exemplifies the expediency of 
granting Claneboy to Niall Connallagh. 

Mar., 1569. Sir Brian McFelim's Castle in Claneboy, 
called Castlereagh, being from Knockfergus, in the way 
towards Dublin, about ten miles, and three miles or there- 
abouts from Belfast. (Vol. xxvii., Art. 40.) 

Mar., 1570. A Sir Thomas Gerrard and companions 
offered to plant the Glynnes and part of Claneboy, if they 



Claneboy, Dec, 1542. 3 

were granted 100 horse and 400 foot, till the three first 
crops be gathered, and the Queen's ships for defence against 
the Scots. Also to have commission to levy soldiers, 
labourers, and artificers in the counties of York, Lancaster, 
and Cheshire. (Vol. xxx.. Art. 22.) 

Sep., 1570. Will. Pers petitions for some rembrance for 
Sir Brian McPhelim, and a garrison to be placed for the 
defence of the poor subjects of Claneboy. 

Mar., 1571. Sir Brian McFelim to L. D., explaining his 
motive for agreing with Sorley Boy, by which means there 
are more ploughs going in Claneboy than there had been for one 
hundred years. The country too poor to bear more English. 

July, 1 571. Will. Pers to the Queen, requests that Sir 
B. McFelim have the ancient lands of Claneboy on both 
sides the Bann. 

McFelim himself writes from Belfast to the Oueen, same 
date, to confirm to him and his heirs the lands of old belong- 
ing to his ancestors, Lords of Claneboy, on both sides of the 
Bann. Recounts his services. (Vol. xxxiii., Art. 3.) 

Enterprise to inhabit and fortify Claneboy for the use of 
the Crown. (See Mem. which notes that this paper was 
written before the arrival in Ireland of Smith and Essex.) 
(Vol. xxxiv,. Art. 52.) 

Captain Thos. Brown and Capt. Thos. Borrowe petition 
the Queen — for the Arde from the mouth of the river of 
Stranorford to the river of Belfast, including Castlereaeh, and 
the woods by east that river adjoining to Kylwarling, and to the 
Dufferin in fee farm. And answers to the objections to their 
suit. End 1571. (Vol. xxxiv.. Art. 42, 43.) {Pinkerton MSS.) 




ANCIENT SEAL OF CAKRi;..CFERGUS. 





piers ant) ni>albie to tbe i^uccn, fcb. Stb, 1507, 

UR most humble duties unto your Honors 
remembered. Your Lordships' letters of the 
iSth of this Jan. we received the 27th of the 
same by a messenoer of Mr. Marshall's, and 
with the same one letter unto me, Capt. Piers ; 
and before that we also received one other 
from your Lordships of the 12th of this 
month, wherein your Honors do think good to send here Capt. 
Gilbert's and Capt. Horsey's bands for the hastening- away of 
the Scots, which undoubtedly is very honorably considered of 
your Lordships ; and although (as we have already adver- 
tised your Honors) that Carleboy is gone with some part of 
his men, yet, contrary to his promise (which we knew well 
would so lall out), he hath left of his men behind him, whereof 
the VIII score with Tirlagh O'neill be of them, iii score with the 
Clanalesters which manure the land of Monery and Cary, and 
Ix with Alexander oge McAlester Nary (sic). And notwith- 
standing our knowledge thereof, we thought it good to dis- 
semble our understanding, to the end that first himself should 
depart, and then his company might be dispersed, whereby 
we might the better compass their overthrow, which we shall 
endeavour to do to the uttermost of our powers. 

Presently upon Carleboy's departure (according to the 
opinion we had when we first agreed to include Alexander 
Oge in the peace with Carleboy for the consideration afore- 
said), the said Alexander being sent to by us to come in to 
acknowledge his duty unto the Queen's Majesty, utterly 
refused so to do, whereupon we thought meet to leese (sic) no 
time, but, concluding that the Abbay of Glanarme was a place 
to annoy him most, we took it, and placed there Capt. Cheston 
with his whole band and xii horsemen, at which time, with a 
dozen of horsemen going before, we took 60 fat beofes of the 
rebels, which we left with Capt. Cheston, and have appointed 



Piers and Malbie to the Queen, 1567. 5 

to send him by boat six weeks of other victuals, which day if 
we had not taken it, it had been set on fire by them. This 
was the 26th of this month, and this day Capt. Cheston writ 
unto us that he sent unto him that so soon as he can get his 
son to put in pledge for his good behaviour (who flieth from 
him for fear thereof) he will come in ; and now he hath dis- 
persed his creaghtes abroad, willing them to shift for them- 
selves, and is in great perplexity, for the taking of this place 
doth break their hearts. We have also placed in the castle of 
Glenarme Randoll Oge McAlester Harry, who hath brought 
thither his creaghtes, and manureth the ground ; who hath 
assured us that all his brother's followers will come in unto 
him, and likewise all the Clanalesters, which be the only men 
which the Scots most trust unto, and this day their messenger 
is with the said Randall Oo'e ; so that althouQrh there is no 
doubt of the utter expulsing of the Scots and overthrowing of 
this rebel, yet shall it not be amiss that, according to your 
Lordships' good consideration and device, the two bands 
make their repair hither, provided that provision of victuals 
for them may be sent, either before them or with them — we 
mean malt and meal. And if we may have your Lordships' 
consents, there is yet one other abbay, called the Market town, 
where we would place another band of footmen with some 
horsemen, which place being kept together with Glanarme, 
shall bring all these parties of the North as civil as the Eng- 
lish Pale, as also to keep out the Scots for ever ; the rest of 
the country between this and the English pale is in very good 
quietness. We have fortified Belfast, and have placed there 
15 horsemen, so that in this town we live as quietly as in 
Dublin, and yet may it do more good that the two bands be 
here, although they tarry not, to give a greater terror unto 
those that be wicked or intend to be. 

And where your Honors have been informed that for 600 
men there is daily allowance given out for 900, we have not 
known thereof, and can well discharge that if any be it is 
only in bread, which is employed sundry ways, as by journeys 
which we often make, by a larger allowance given to the 
horsemen which be forced to keep boys, by hireing of churls 
by the soldiers, which they be forced to do for fetching them 
wood for their relief (and all too little), whom for want of 
money they must pay in bread, and by other sundry accidents 
which grow by necessity ; and yet, God be praised, here is 



6 Old Belfast. 

wheat enough had we mills to grind, which Brydges hath 
taken in hand to make ; but if he go no better to work than 
yet he doth (and contrary to all men's opinions), here will be 
no mills made by him these seven years, and so much the 
worse in that his best workmen which he brought from 
Dublin be run away from him, whose names we send unto 
your Lordships here inclosed ; it may please your Honors to 
reward them accordingly. The meal, as the victualer saith, 
doth begin to scant, and yet will go near to stretch out the 
time limited. It may please your Honors to appoint some 
quantity thereof hither ; and touching this overplus expences 
(if any be), it will turn to small gain to us that have the 
charee of soldiers, and therefore it behoveth us most to look 
to it, as we do and will ; and where, upon the examination of 
the soldiers in this point, we were informed that in lieu of the 
overplus in bread they have wanted of their allowance in the 
rest, we did give order, and still do, that thev shall not 
exceed 4d. per diem, saving, as is said, to the horsemen. 

And where, in your Lordships' last letter, your Honors 
wish to be ascertained of the present state of these parts, your 
Lordships may please to understand by this before written, 
that all things is in good case, and hope shortly shall be per- 
fected ; and if it shall please Her Majesty now to cut through, 
it is easy to be done. And touching our opinion of Tirlagh 
O'neill, we cannot think well of him ; that, contrary to his 
faithful promise which he made unto our very good Lord the 
L. Deputy in our hearing, both for the putting away of those 
Scots which at that instant were with him, and for the expuls- 
ing of all others which after should invade these parts, hath 
now entertained 800 of these lately landed ; and sure it is, if 
your Lordships do not make sure work with him, as we know 
your Honors will do, he will do as his predecessor did ; and 
keeping him from his evil intents, we can warrant your Lord- 
ships for these parts within our government, the way is now 
open for the establishing the good quiet of this country. God 
grant it may be well followed. For the true certificate of the 
soldiers and others being here in Her Majesty's pay, I, Capt. 
Malbie, this day took musters, and find the bands all com- 
plete, but many soldiers very sick, and except your Lordships 
stand our good Lords to remedy us, and to take order for the 
staying of a great quantity of rotten malt wherewith our beer 
is made (the example whereof we do send unto your Honors 



Piers and Malbie to the Queen, 1567. 7 

by this bearer to be seen and considered), we shall be all 
poisoned ; as by proof, when we went unto Glanarme, being- 
but 12 miles hence, half of our footmen tired by the way, and 
lay all night in the open field, and yet not being sick, which, 
as they all agree, groweth unto them by the infection of the 
drink made with this malt, which we, in the voice of them 




QUEEN ELIZABETH. 



all, most humbly beseech your Lordships to remedy ; and 
had not the quantity been so great as it is, we were agreed 
with one whole consent to have paid for it not to have been 
occupied, and to have drunk water rather than to stand to the 
danger of the infection, whereof many of our soldiers be now 
lying sick. And I, Capt. Piers, appointed to have the muster- 



8 Old Belfast. 

ing of Capt. Malbie's band, do find it full complete, but divers 
of them sick and on foot, whose horses be dead and spoiled 
in service. I, Capt. Malbie, cannot advertise your Lordships 
of the seamen, for that they be not here : but so soon as they 
shall be come, I shall not fail to use my duty, and certify 
your Honors accordingly. The wards of Yland Sidney 
being lo, besides the constable, I must advertise your Lord- 
ships by meer knowledge to be furnished, for that I cannot 
go thither. That of this castle being xx"- I found this day 
furnished. The ward of Dunlysh, I am told this day by one 
of the soldiers which came yesterday from thence, is furnished, 
being eight, besides the constable, which we have appointed 
in a fort not far from it called Dromure, which standeth to 
great purpose, and especially for the victualling of Hand 
Sidney. Here be pensioners — William Baker, late Lieu- 
tenant to Capt. Browne, and Edw. Browne, late ensign-bearer 
to him ; Christopher Blunt, late Lieutenant to Capt. Scryven ; 
Jhon Cornwall, late Lieutenant to Gyles Cornwall ; and 
William Spencer, late ensign-bearer to Capt. Wilforde ; and 
Robert Munchman, provost-marshal, and their men. 

Sir Bryan McPhelym was lately with Bryan Caragh 
McCormock, his father-in-law, who hath promised him to be 
henceforth a good subject, and at that time did Hugh 
McMoretagh likewise. We intend to try them shortly as we 
did Alexander Oge, and if it please, O'neill Bryan Caragh 
dare not but be a good subject. Sir Bryan hath since been 
very sick, but, God be praised, is recovered. 

We have to inform your Lordships that Bridges and 
his men take their meat and drink out of Her Majesty's 
store, and forasmuch as we find great unlikelihood of the 
building of the mills by him, we have bargained with a 
Manskeman here, who will set us up one within this month 
to grind. 

And where we had made baro^ain with certain of the 
soldiers here to set upon the fortifying of this town presently, 
and for want of money to have paid them in victuals, which 
they were content withal, we do make stay now until we shall 
hear from your Lordships for present provision of malt and 
meal to be sent hither forthwith the rather for that purpose, 
for which we humbly beseech your Honors, and for your 
Honors* speedy answer in all the premises by this our mes- 
senger sent of purpose, for the soldiers will not work except 



Piers and Malbie to the Queen, 1567. 9 

they may have their whole day's wages in victuals, which is 
double allowance. 

We be advertised that Sarleboy doth fortify in the 
Raghlyns, and intendeth to inhabit there. He must needs 
be put from thence when time serveth. He is now gone 
into Scotland ; some say he will return shortly. O'neill's 
messenger is with him, and so is a good spy of ours, by 
whom we shall shortly understand their whole enterprises, 
which we shall signify unto your Honors. 

It may please your Lordships to send hither an alphabet 
in cypher, for that sometimes such matters may happen to be 
advertised as are not meet to be known, and by chance may 
be intercepted by mishap, which often fortuneth, and by a 
cipher is to be prevented. 

We went this day to the brew-house to see this last brew- 
ing, and there we saw that the grains, being hot, is as rotten 
as anything can be, and that the wort would not run through 
it, it lieth so hard clumpered in the vessel ; and yet is not 
that malt so ill as this which we send to your Lordships, 
which the victualer doth mind to occupy. We beseech your 
Honors to consider of it. 

Very now came a letter unto us from our singular good 
lord, the L. Deputy, in which, among other matters, His L. 
doth find fault with us upon your Honors' letters sent unto 
him of our undutifulness towards your Lordships. We may 
not deny ; but upon your Lordships' mistaking of our mean- 
ing in our said letters, your Honors might well judge of us 
otherwise than we intended ; and, notwithstanding, if it might 
have pleased your Lordships to have given your own correc- 
tion in anything that was done amiss, it had been punishmt. 
enough, and yet we repose that trust in your Lordships' good- 
ness towards us, that if we have been otherwise than have 
becomed us your Lordships will salve it, and in our well- 
doings your Lordships will not let to further our credit, in 
which we most humbly beseech your Honors. 

At this instant came a messena;er from O'neill with this 
letter here enclosed, who saith that he hath sent away all his 
Scots ; but we do think it but to be dissembling, all to win 
time. 

It may please your Lordships to break the malt, whereby 
you shall see the goodness thereof; and if your Honors shall 
so think good, we would humbly beseech you (for your better 



lO 



Old Belfast. 



satisfaction of this estate) to address hither some person of 
credit, that may by Hvely mouth certify your Lordships fully 
of the quiet state of this country, which your Honors shall 
presently perceive by his quiet passage hither. And where 
your Lordships sent hither a good number of broags, they be 
so evil that they will not last above 24'' hours. We will con- 
clude in advertising your Lordships that presently Capt. 
Cheston writ unto us, that Alexander Oge with his Scots gave 
him alarum, who, issuing out with part of his company and 
his horsemen, slew the captain of the Scots, called Donell 
McCane, and three more, and many hurt, who thereupon 
fled, and one of his horsemen and two of his footmen were 
hurt a little with arrows. Thus beseeching your Lordships 
to dispatch our messenger away with remembrance of our 
bounden duties, we most humbly take our leaves. From 
Cragfergus the 30th of January, 1567. 

Your Lordships' most obedient, 

WILLM. PIERS, NICHOLAS MALBIE. 

For the Queen's most excellent Majesty. 

(Irish Correspondence, State Paper Office.) 




DUNLUCE. 




ARMS OF QUEEN ELIZAHETH IN TRINITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN. 

Jineb %\nc\\ learns. 

Articles for Exporting Irish Yarn, March, 1572. 



State Paper Office, )_ 
Ireland. I 




HE causes that maye move Her Ma''e- to graunte the 
lycence for transportinge of Iryse yarne from Irelande into 
Inglande. 

Firste, because it hathe beene laufull, tyll of late that 
a restraint was madebyan Acte of Parlement in Irelande, 
at the petition of the merchauntes of the same cuntrye, pre- 
tendinge that the yarne shulde be made into lynen cloth 
there, which pretence takith no effecte for lacke of weavers 
and other artificers in that realme. 

Also, where upon the transportinge of the same yarne 
in tymes paste into the Counties of Chester and Lancaster, 
the poore people of the same cuntreies, especiallye aboute Manchester, were set 
on worke to the releife of 4,000 persons within that lordship only (as appereid by 
theire supplication redy to be exhibited this laste Parlement), the same poore people 
for lacke of worke are utterlye impoverished, living idely and redy to faule into 
miserable shiftes and ecctremityes. 

Also, where as theire grewe unto Her Ma'ie- a good revenue yerely by the 
custome of suche yarne, in Her Highnes portes of Chester and Lyerpoole, the same 
revenue is utterlie ecctinguished, whereof parte should be revived for so manie 
packes as shulde be contained within the lycence required. 

Also it maye be provid that for lacke of laufull vent the makinge of that yarne 
is nowe decainge in Irelande, the people beinge naturallye gyven to idelnes, wyll 
lave of to manure theire grounde for flax, as hathe bene accustomed ; and lastely the 
merchantes there do ordinarily steale over the seid yarne into forreine realmes, at 
certayne havens and creekes in the Irishe cuntreis, where Her Mat^'^- hath no 
offycers to demaunde her dueties. 

Therefore, for as muche as this Acte in Irelande is but an innovation, not 
takinge the efifecte for which it was ment, the cuntreis of Chessheire and Lanka- 
sheire impoveryshed, and by this lycence to be relevid. Her Ma"es. custome 
revived, the makinge of yarne in Irelande maynteined, and the Irishe merchauntes 
of theire unlawfull stelth prevented ; I hope your good Lordship wyll the rather 
upon theis reasonable causes perswade, that this lycence maye be graunted, 
ecctendinge onlie to 3,000 packes after 6 score to the looth to be transported 
into Inglande within 5 yeres next folowinge, with libertie to attache and take all 



12 



Old Belfast. 



yarne that shall come over to be solde, not warraunted. And besides Her 
Ma"es. pitty to be ecctended to her poore subjectes before named, I shall alwayes 
be thankefull to Her Mat'e. for this releife to me, and thinke myselfe bounde to 
your Lordship as the meane for this benefit, and so humblie I rest [slightly torn at 
the end]. 




LpRD Deputy and Council to the Queen, 27TH June, 1572. 

{Extract.'] 



State Paper Office, \ 

Ireland. i 




T MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTIE, 



I your Ma'es. Deputye receaved furthermore of late your 
Highnes letter wrytten in the matter of your Ma'^s. lycense 
for transporting of yarne, graunted to Thomas Moore your 
servaunt and pensioner, who also shewed before us your 
Mates, letters patentes of the aforesaid graunte, which we 
have cawsed (as by your Mates, said letters we ar willed) 
to be recorded and enrolled in your Ma'^s. Courte of 
Chauncerie here, and the rest of your Highnes Courtes of record, and have 
caused suche severall injunctyons also uppon those letters patentes to be 
passed and ad warded, as the said Thomas Moore to his furtherance and 
with his contentation, demaunded at our handes. And notwithstanding, 
sonie of the townes, as Dublin and Drogheda, chalenging by the statute 
which prohibiteth that transportation, a propertie in their townes custome, to 
theym due, as the statute apoynteth uppon those wares ; the same Thomas Moore 
was empeched twyse, by arrest, for those custumes. Whereof we having under- 
standing, released hym, and sending for the Mayour and some of the Aldermen of 
Drogheda which empeached hym, and the Sheriffes of Dublyn which lykewise 
theare arrested hym, to come before us, did committ theym to your Ma''es- castell 
of Dublyn, where for a space they weare deteyned for their contempt. So as we 
judge, albeit they styll cleave to the right of the statute wherby they presume, as 
that they may by the same (beeng not repealed) entitle them selves and demaunde 
the townes custome, as dewe to be paid unto theym, as by the said Acte ys lymited 
and reserved for eche quantitie of suche prohibited wares, notwithstanding eny 
lycense therefore to be graunted ; that yet they will hensforth forbeare any further 
to molest the said Thomas Moore abowtes those cawses ; but meane to make 
rather humble sewte to your Mat'«- to have consideration of their petition and 
clayme in this behalf to be exhibited, uppon which they may knowe your I\Lates. 
direction and resolution. And wheare, as your Majesty wryteth, your Highnes hath 



Irish Linen Yarns. 



IS 



been infourmed, the passing of your lysense of that quantitie of yarne would 
smally prejudice the trafique used of that commoditie ; for that we acknowledge yt 
our dewties, for the trust your Ma''^- reposeth in us, to assertayne your Ma'ie. of 
our opynions, we must aftyrme to your Ala"^- howe the yarne steyed within this 
realme, ys not a thinge alonly commodyouse in many partes of this realme, whereby 
a nomber of loomes have been sett on wourck synce thordynaunce of the said 
statute, and dyverse persons relieved therby and put to labour in avoyding of 
ydlenes ; but moost of all, the same florybheng in th Englishe Pale, wherby 
having of our selfes sondry tymes seen dyverse of those loomes and the good and 
lardge size and workmanshipp of the lynnen clothe, of striped canvas, sackcloth, 
and suche lyke of greate breadthes redy woven, not afore put in use, the same hath 
ofifred good lykelehood and hoope of good and greate plentie thereof, to arryse, of 
commoditie of this common weale, throughe the contynuance of the same. And 
yet can we not denye the abuse of some, which have and do attempt withowt 
lycense, both to convey and otherwise also to steale owt of the realme, sondry 
quantities of the said yarne, to the disadvauntage of the weale publique, and oftence 
of that your Highnes lawe : whereof many have been towched, and felt the smart 
of the statute for suche transportation, by forfeycting those goodes, and many of 
Dublyn presently indicted for lyke matter, and ar to abide their justification. 
Through which meanes contynued (as we entend to looke narrowly thereunto) yt 
ys lykely that hereafter theare will be both better obedience used, and also more 
care and feare (we trust) taken, as shoulde be, to avoyde the daunger of your 
Ma'e^- lawes in this behalf provyded. And thus having humbly opened to vour 
Mat'e. the whole state of this matter, do leave the same to your moost graciouse 
consideration, as may be thought fytt to your Highnes for the benefytt of your sub- 
jectes here. In which cause, we have not ymparted of this our wry ting to your 
Highnes, to eny of the subjectes of this land, otherwise then conferryng thereof 
emongest our selfes, which are here of your Mat'^s. Privye Counsell. 

From your Mamies. Castell of Dublyn, the 27th of June, 1572. 

Your Ma'i"- moost humble and faithfull subjectes and servauntes, 
(Signed) W. Fvtzwylliam. H. Miden. 

Robert Weston, cane. Lucas Dillon. 
Adam Dublin. Jo. Plunket. 

To the Queene's most excellent Majestye. 




Ftotn a Pai7ititig by F, W, Tophatn. 

IRISH PEASANT GIRL SPINNING. 



14 



Old Belfast. 




%ov^ 2)cput^ ant) Council of 3rclanb to tbc (Slucen, 

riDa^ 25, 1573, 

CCORDING to your Majesty's letters 
brought by me, your Treasurer, we are 
presently in hand, and mean to proceed 
tor the manner of the government of 
Connaghe by Commission of Oyer and 
Terminer, wherein it hath pleased your 
Majesty to appoint me your Treasurer 
chief For the accusations of the Earl of 
Clanricarde and me, each against other. As those exhibited 
by the Earl against me were examined and tried, so mine 
against him are for a time laid aside, and the lets thereof 
growing in such sort removed, as shall appear to your 
Majesty by the copy herewith sent of our action at council 
concerning that matter. By our last we signified unto your 
Majesty that we had sent down commissioners into the 
north to have speech with Tirlaghe Lenaghe, for some 
peaceable ways if it might be. They concluded on an 
abstinence until the 20th of this month, and now upon the 
expiration thereof we have sent down again to renew it, if it 
may be. But how unlikely it is shall appear to your Majesty 
by the copies sent herewith of his own letters, and sundry 
others from the Marshall, Justice Dowdall, and Dean of 
Armaghe, and Collo McBryan, declaring how he draweth 
and seeketh to draw force unto himself. O'donel having 
accorded with him, Sir Bryan McPhelim being joined in full 
confederacy with him, Magennys having already compounded 
with him, and Arte McDonnell with the Galloglaghes being 
very like to compound with him also. But for the better stay 
of Magennis and Arte, we have given order to the Marshal for 
taking of their pledges. And for the more animating of them 
in duty, wherein for want of competent force they seem to 
quail, as by the said letters may appear. But specially to 
withstand the malice of the enemy, and likewise not without 
great need to supply the wants of some parts of the borders 
of the Pale towards Lowthe (where all our travail, care, 
sundry commissions and often writings notwithstanding) how 
unready they are, though next the danger, shall plainly 



Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen, 1573. 15 

appear to your Majesty, by the copy herewith sent of the 
Sherif of that Counties letters, we have resolved to entertain 
300 English footmen, whom we do and will put in pay, as 
fast as we may gather them. And yet not without great 
cause do we humbly renew our motion made by our last 
letters, for a supply of men defalking of the whole so many, 
as here we mean as we may to entertain. For, besides that 
the North is apparant ill, there be many other places of whose 
soundness we have orood cause to doubt. And how Sir Brian 
hath lately burnt a great part of the town of Knockfergus, 
and what he more intendeth against it, and the abbaye, your 
Majesty's storehouse there, shall appear unto you by the copy 
herewith sent of that Major and his brethren's letters sent 
unto us. God hath taken your Majesty's late chancellor 
unto his mercy, and we, until your Majesty hath resolved 
upon another to succeed him, which we humbly pray to be 
with as convenient speed as may be, have appointed me the 
Archbishop of Dublin to be the keeper of the Great Seal of 
this your realm, &c. From your Majesty's Castle at Dublin, 
the 25th of May, 1573. 

W. FITZWILLIAM, 
(and the signatiii^es of the Cotincilloi'S.) 

Inclosed in this dispatch is the following letter from 
Marshal Bagenal : — 

" My humble duty considered. I have received your 
L. letters directed to Tirlaghe Lenaghe, and have accord- 
ingly sent them unto him. I have also received the copy of 
the Queen's Majesty's letters, and the copy of the peace, and 
a letter to Capt. Malbye, which I have sent unto him. 
Tirlaghe Lenaghe, as I was advertised, was yesternight at 
Benburbe with his power. I have also received your Lord- 
ships' letters counseling me, the barron's sons, Magennis and 
the Galloglasses, to entertain the late cashed soldiers for our 
better defence, who say they are not able to entertain so 
many as shall be able to defend them, nor will not agree to 
any such charge, except they be compelled by your L. and 
Council. I would have charged them with cess before this 
time if I had not had commandment to the contrary from 
your L. and council, but all would not have served against 
his force j O'donell, the Scots, and Sir Bryan McPhelim, 
which be accounted to be the number of four thousand men. 



i6 



Old Belfast. 



I have charged myself with more men than my Hving and 
revenues will stretch to keep, and have been at more charge 
here than I think now well bestowed. And if I should be 
abandoned from this place, Her Majesty in short time should 
have no subject from Dundalke to Knockfergus, which I 
think I shall be driven of force unto, as I think all princes 
are bound to defend their subjects from rebels, and trust his 
Majesty will so do. And where your Lordship wrote unto 
me that you sent commandment to the Lords and gentlemen 
of the borders to be in a readiness there, I hear of none 
that be either at Ard or Dundalke. I have sent them 
warning of Tirlagh's coming. There be none of Captain 
Malby's men come unto me, for he saith he cannot well 
spare them," (Irish CoT-7'espondence, State Paper Office.) 



Constable to 
have Grazing. 




answer to tbe Xort) ^rea6urer*5 ©bjcctions, 

3ul^ 25, 1504. 

HERE it seemeth good to your Lordship 
that a portion of land shall be reserved out of 
the ancient land beloneine to the town of 
Carickfargus for the use of the garrison, and 
another portion for the use of the Queen's 
Castle. Our answer is that the same lands 
have been beloneino- to the town time out of 
mind, being never severed therefrom, nor any man able to 
make title thereunto. And as touching provision for Her 
Majesty's garrison, we are content that they shall have free 
grazing in the summer, with hay and winter provision for 
their horses and hackeneyes which they keep for Her 
Majesty's service. 

And for land to be laid to the Queen's Castle out of the 
same, w^e do also answer that the Constable for the time 
being shall have like allowance as before for the garrison ; 
and he being also a freeman of the town by our Charter, 
shall have over and besides the said grasing and hay, &c., as 
large a portion of land as the best freeman or alderman of 
the town shall have, yielding for his share such duties and 



Answer to the Lord Treasurer's Objections, 1594. 17 

charges as other townsmen do for the like proportion and 
quantity. 

We humbly beseech your Lordship to consider the 
premises, and to weigh the pitiful and distressed estate of 
that poor town ; the innumerable killings, burnings, spoils, 
and stealths made upon them, with the often famine and 
misery which they have sustained for the defence and safe 
keeping of that Her Majesty's goole of the North : as also 
the great poverty which now of late they are brought unto 
by these late outrages, spoils, and stealths made upon them 
by their evil neighbours, which have lands enough of Her 
Majesty's lying near about us waste, by the space of 20 or 30 
miles compass every way from our town lands, which in 
regard of them are but a handful, and therefore very hard to 
be taken from us. 

We are further to inform your Honor, that we are at the 5°i>-by the year 

' ' ^ ^ ^ for the garrison. 

yearly charge of 5oli. ster. at the least, with the garrison, in 
finding them houseroom, fire, bedding, besides other neces- 
saries. And now since February last we have been at more 
than looli. charge in fortifying the town for the present 
defence of the same, and will cost us 2oli. ster. by the year 
in repairing and maintaining the ditches and rampirs until 
the wall shall be built. 

We do assure ourselves the entertainment which the 
Constable hath of Her Majesty may well maintain the Castle 
without seeking to take away for his own private use that 
which is the relief of many a poor creature, and if he shall 
allege the contrary we will undertake (if it shall stand with 
your Lordship's liking) that the town shall keep as many 
warders, as sufficient men, and as well furnished, as are now 
there, for half the pay he hath for the same. for hair the pay. 

And as touching Wodborne, which is 20 Irish acres, we 
desire to have the same at such rent as it is surveyed, viz., 
15s. ster., and yet the same to remain to the use of the 
garrison, for that they cannot keep their horses and hackneyes 
in any other place safe from the enemy, especially in time of 
war, provided that in such troublesome times we may have 
some relief thereof. We did upon the same consideration 
give unto Mr. Eggerton loli. ster., that he should not hold 
the same in severalty to himself, after he had procured a 
grant thereof, whereunto he did agree, for that he perceived 
how necessarily the same did lie for the safety of all our 

B 



i8 



Old Belfast. 



goods ; and the Constable hath, notwithstanding, as great 
commodity and profit thereof as the whole town hath, and 
for that part of the town's land which lieth west from Wood- 
borne to the Earl's meadow, the garrison and constable have 
the whole grasing and commodity thereof as well for summer 
as winter provision for their horses and hackneyes. The 
said ten plough lands is no such great compass or circuit as 
may perhaps seem to your Lordship, and we do now hold the 
same in a manner with as great commodity as when the same 
shall be alloted. For our chief purpose in seeking to have 
the same laid out, is to the end we may entrench and ditch 
it about, leaving some few narrow passages for the enemy to 
come in, by which means we hope to save our goods, which 
oftentimes heretofore we have lost, for that the land is not 
enclosed. 

We must acknowledge ourselves bound to your Lordship 
for many favours, most humbly beseeching your Honor for 
a good dispatch, and what good shall befal our town in these 
their suits must of right be attributed to your Lordship, for 
which they and their posterity shall to their uttermost for 
ever rest thankful. 

Our answer to the L. Treasurer's objections touching the 
lands. (Irish Correspondence^ State Paper Office.) 



petition of Hgcnte for the ^own of Carrickfcraus, 

25tb 3ul^, 1594. 

To THE Right Honble. the Lord Burghley, Lord High Treasurer 

OF England. 

OST humbly beseecheth your honorable Lordship, William 
Lymsey and Humfrey Johnson, agents for the town of 
Carrickfergus, to consider the substance of our demands, 
consisting in these two points following: — First, to have 
granted all the ancient land and common belonging to the 
town, which have continued in the possession and maunrance 
of the Corporation time out of mind ; the same being com- 
manded by Her Highness to Sir Henry Syddney to allot and 
appoint, which yet remains undone by reason of his revoca- 
tion, as in our petition is more at large expressed. The 
like warrant we now crave to the Lord Deputy. Together also with the land 
belonging to the Abbey of Woodborn, adjoining to the town, which we now hold 
hy coficordd/uin from Her Highness, the same being surveyed at 20 Irish acres, 
which we are content shall be chiefly to the use of the garrison there resident, so 




Petition of Agents for Carrickfergus, 1594. 19 

that in time of war we may have some relief thereof, for which we are content to 
pay the yearly rent reserved to Her Highness, being 15s. sterling. Secondly, that 
it wd. please Her Majesty to finish the walling of the town, and make up the Peare, 
as is specified in Her Highness's gracious letters patents to us granted, and now 
in force ; whereupon we do yield and agree to pay yearly ^40 rent to Her Majesty, 
as in the said letters patents is mentioned. If your Honor did know the often 
slaughters, burnings, preys, spoils, and stealths made upon us, it were most 
lamentable, the which we could in particular lay down but for troubling your Lord- 
ship. And now of late since March last, upon bruit of the Earl of Tirone's going 
out, the country, taking that opportunity, did prey and spoil the most part of Her 
Majesty's subjects in those parts, and the garrison being then called away by him 
that had the command of them, the town left naked and open to the enemy. Our 
Mayor then, with all the townsmen, were constrained to work all day and watch 
-every night for their own safety and defence of Her Majesty's town, which, being 
walled, they might with some boldness have issued out and resisted the enemy, 
and saved their goods, as oftentimes they have done. And the land being alloted, 
they would have ditched and entrenched the same, leaving some few and narrow 
passages to the enemy, whereby they should have been less able to do harm, and 
with more advantage be encountered, where now the townsmen durst not issue out 
for hazarding the town and their few goods in it. Right Honorable, if the great 
extremities by famine and otherwise were thoroughly made known to Her Majesty, 
your Honor, and the rest of her honourable Council, no doubt Her Highness 
would think this too little, but would yield us much more than we now demand. 
And where it is enformed your Lordship the unreasonableness of our suit in seek- 
ing to take all from Her Majesty, as namely, the abbey or palace, albeit the 
same is contained within Her Highness's letters patents, yet we never hitherto 
made any penny profit thereof ; and if the granting of the same shall seem pre- 
judicial to Her Majesty, we are ready (having authority from the town), upon the 
dispatch of our suit, to surrender the same, and to yield to any other thing which 
to your Honour shall seem reasonable. Our town, in regard of your fatherly care of 
all Her Majesty's dominions and countries, did advise us especially both to acquaint 
and depend upon your Honour in all causes touching their suits. Therefore we 
humbly beseech your Lordship not to believe any suggestion against us, for that 
we will inform your Honor nothing but truth, which we will maintain with the loss 
of our goods, liberties, and lives. Wherefore, if anything seem to your Lordship 
to be unreasonable, we humbly crave to have the same delivered in particular, 
which done, we doubt not but to satisfy your Lordship with reason. Thus craving 
pardon, with our hearty prayer to God for your Lordship's long-continued health 
to the relief of poor suitors. We most humbly take leave. 

Indorsed. The humble petition of Willm. Lymsey and Humfrey Johnson, 
agents for the town of Carrickfergus, in Ireland. 



1Rotc of tbe Bounds of tbe '^o'^w Xan^s, 
3ul^ 25tb, 1594. 

T the west end of our ancient town standeth the Abbey of 
Woodborne, which hath belonging unto it 20 Irish acres of 
land, from the which land unto Earle's Meddow we esteem 
to be a mile, which is as far as the town's land reacheth in 
length westward ; and from the sea-side, being south to the 
great mountain northward, about three-quarters of a mile. 

At the north-east end of the town standeth a spyttel- 
house, whereunto is belonging 4 or 5 Irish acres of land, 
from which land unto Copplande water is about some 
quarter of a mile, which is as far as the town's land extendeth that way 
in length. And from the seaside northward in breadth up to the hills, 
upon which hills there is a Loughe called Loughmourne, of a mile in 
length northward, which runneth into the river of Copplande water ; and 




20 



Old Belfast. 



so westward 
and heathy, 



from tlie 
bad orround 



Loughe 



as 



above the hills 
far as the end of 



there is moores, mosses, 
the great hill called the 
Knockowe, whereunto adjoineth the Earle's meadow, by the separation of a 
river coming out of the end of that lull, which doth part the town's land and the 
Earle's meadow, upon which hills of moor and heathy ground we have, time out of 
mind, had comen [sic) of Turbarye heath and pasture in the summer-time, whereby 
our cattle in the heat of the day might be near the Lough for their refreshing. 

The wall undertaken by Mr. Lackforde was 8 foot at the foundation in 
breadth, to be built i6 foot high, and to be at the height of the said i6 foot 6 foot 
broad, and thereupon a vannor of 4 ft. high and 2 ft. broad, which in the full height 
is 20 ft. The charge of every pearch of the same height and breadth will stand in 
the building thereof at the least 15I' ster. And there is yet unbuilt 90 pearches, 
besides three towers and two gates, which must be built 4 ft. higher than the rest, 
with frestone for the gates, towers, and spikeholes ; as also 8 stancks of lime and 
stone, which must be made without the wall to keep the ditches full of water, which 
altogether will be above the number of 10 pearches. So the whole unbuilt is at the 
least 100 perches, which, after the rate aforesaid, 
besides the charge of building up the keye or peare. 
Paper Office.) 



doth amount to i,5ooii ster., 
(Irish Corrcspo?idence, State 




EARL OF ESSEX. 




Sir B. (Tbichcstcr an^ ^5Ian^ fIDaocc, lOOl. 

SLAND MAGEE was granted by Queen Elizabeth to 
Walter Earl of Essex, who died of dysentery in Dublin, the 
22nd of September, 1576. After his son Robert Earl of 
Essex was beheaded on the 25th February, 1601, I find Sir 
Arthur Chichester writing from Knockfergus, April 6th, 
1 60 1, the following words to Sir Robert Cecil : — 

" Att my last beinge in Englande, I dealte with one 



Sir a. Chichester and Island Magee, i6oi. 



21 



Charles Ogle, servaunte to the Earle of Essexe, for a peece of 
land lyenge neere this towne, named the Ilande Magic, which was 
land of the said Earles, and by him geven to his servaunte Ogle for 
the terme of 21 yeeres, yt hath longe layn wast, and considering 
the traysons of those gentlemen I am doubtfull to deale anie further 
therein, and to bestowe anie charge upon hyt, unlesse I have some 
assurance from her Majestic for possessinge thereof It is a thing of 
small valuer, if yt wyll please your honore to gctt me the scad farme 
thereof I wyll buldc some fortes and castles upon hit, and keepe yt from 
annoyance of reables." 

Of course, Essex being beheaded for treason his estates were con- 
fiscated, and there was no use in Chichester dealing with Ogle or any 
person else for them, when he might get a grant of them for nothing. 
Though so early in the field, it does not appear that Chichester 
obtained a grant of Island Magee until 1610. (Pinkerton MSS.) 




Xcttcr from ^hoiiiae Malkcr, cloac prisoner at tbc 

1Rc\vr\>, Hug. 22n^ lOOU 

To the Rt. Hon. the Lorde Mountjoye, Lorde Depiitie of Ireland. 
Right Hon. — 

^OURE honor's pore petitioner, a prisoner till my 
truth have had her trial, which I trust in God will 
not be long. Since, I understand, your Lordshipe 
hathe sente into Inglande aboutc me, doth beg, for 
his sake whoe hathe fashioned us to his owne 
similitude and likenesse, that your honor will not 
see me hunger for want of meanes. My goode 
Lorde, I speake this in all humilitie, for them I 
sent to for my meanes feares by sending to supplie my wants 
lest they be alsoe brought in troble for me ; that in the world's 
eie I scemc hardly thought one, when, had I had a souldier's 
harte, as I wanted not his forwarde minde, and not given 
place unto effeminate thoughtes, forgettinge how I promised to 
my God if it would please him to send his angell to conduct me 
safe, and give me favor in the presence of Terone, I would not feare 
to smite him, wearc his garde about him, it had not bin so whith me 
as it is ; and to sec Code's mercie towardes me that da}'e, he had no 
garde to speak on, neither had he on a quilted coate, but only a blacke 
freese gerkin, which, being unbuttoned, I might see his naked brest. 
I havinge my armes redelivered me by his own commandement, he 
tooke me twice in that short time I was with him by the hande, say- 
inge I was welcom to him, and toulde mc by those wordcs I was the 
fortunatest man that ever came unto him, for had not my horsemen 
bin the honester, sayde he, they would have sore wounded thee, but 



22 



Old Belfast. 



had my footmen met thee, thou hadest not never come aHve before me. 
Thus before and after I was most mithily preserved by the Lorde, and 
persuade myselfe it is to some good end, wherefore his name be 
praysed whose mercie endureth for ever. And, my goode Lorde, 
when I am found an honest man towards my country, I will shew 
myselfe a true servant to your honor, in giving your Lordshipe to 
know what I have heard and seen in my travells ; meanwhile, I will 
laye it up in my harte till I may have accesse unto your Lordship. 
Yet earnestly beseeching your honor, for Code's sake, to shake offe by 
little and littel the hard conseate your Lordship with good reason 
hath of me, for God, that knows m}- hart, knows it is free of that 
maculated spott. I am a foole to speake thus much ; but, alas ! hath 
not the sillie asse, that is beaten for his stumblinge, sense to know in 
what he made his Lorde a faulte. A littel beare with me, goode my 
Lorde, for I have wrotte this in my teares, and whatsoever I have 
sayed or done, hereafter, God willinge, I will give a reason for it, but 
it will seem foolish for a time. Thus, fearinge to overlaye your honor's 
patience with copiousness of words, I will surceasse, committinge your 
honor to the safe keepinge of the Allmightie, that his stronge arme 
may be ever with your good Lordship to )-our live's end. From the 
prison of the Newry, Satterday, the xxijth of August, 1601. 




HUGH O .XEILL, EARL OF TYRONE. 






^/ n 



%^ ^'^'^ 




CASTLE OF ARDKEEN. 




3nqni6ition tal^cn at BrDciuin, 4tb 3nlv^ 1605. 



N indented Inquisition taken at the town 
of Ardwhy in the County of Down, on the 
fourth day of July, & in the third year of 
our most illustrious prince & lord James, 
bv the orrace of God, Kino- of England, 
Scotland, France & Ireland, & of Scotland 
the thirty-eighth, before William Parsons 
Esq. surveyor general of our said lord the King of his 
Kingdom of Ireland, Robert Barnewall Esq. & Lawrence 
Masterson Esq. by virtue of a commission of our 
said lord the King- under his orreat seal of his Kingdom 
of Ireland directed to the same William, Robert, Lawrence 
& others by the oath of honest and lawful men of the 
county aforesaid whose names ensue. 

John White Lord of the Dufferin Esq. Christ. Russell 
of Bright Esq. James Dowdall of Strangford, Gent. George 
Russell of Rathmullen Gent. John Russell of Killough, 
Gent. James Stackpoole of Ardglass, Gent. Simon Jordan of 
Ardglass, Gent. Robert Sword alias Crooley of Ballidonell, 
Gent. William Meriman of Ballineborgash, Gent. Sillernow 
Croney of Scrow, Gent. Patrick Russell of St. John's Point, 
Gent. Robert Hadsor of Cullevaile, Gent. Owen McRorie of 
Down, Gent. Simkin FitzWilliams of Grange, Gent. & 
Redmond Savage of Saul, Gent. After reciting the lands & 
boundaries of Clandeboy, Kilultagh &c. the Jurors aforesaid 
say further on their oaths that the said late queen Elizabeth 



24 



Old Belfast. 



being seized of all & singular the premises as above, by her 
Letters Patent bearing date at Westminster in England the 
sixteenth November, in the thirteenth year of her reign 
according to the intention, effect, & covenants of certain 
indentures between the said lady the Queen on the one part, 
& Thomas Smith Knight, & Thomas Smith son of the afore- 
said Thomas, then one of the pensioners of the said late 
Queen, within the said Kingdom of Ireland, of the other 
part, passed under the Great Seal of England, bearing date 
the fifth day of October in the thirteenth year of her reign 
gave & granted, among other things, all & singular the 
above recited premises, with their appurtenances by the 
names in the said Letters Patent mentioned & specified 
under certain conventions & provisions in the said Letters 
Patent, the tenor of which follows in these words. 




^(0 '/j^ "ij^ t^fv /'tC ^'tC 'jj's "ij^ -i^C Vj"? "i-iC •^iC "iiC "^tC y'tC <'i'>' "yj^ /'jC "ij^r y'^C y'^C y'tC v'i'v 'jjy 



translation of Smitb'6 6rant. 

LIZABETH, by the Grace of God, Queen of England, 
France, & Ireland, Defender of the Faith &c. TO ALL 
to whom these our present letters shall come greeting, 
KNOW that we of our special grace of God, & of certain 
knowledge & our mere notion, & in consideration of certain 
covenants & articles of agreement on the part of our 
well beloved & faithful counsellors Thomas Smith Knight, 
& Thomas Smith son of the foresaid Thomas Smith 
Knight, one of our pensioners within our Kingdom of 
Ireland their heirs & assigns to be fulfilled executed as specified and declared 
in certain indentures executed between us on the one part & the aforesaid 
Thomas Smith Knight & Thomas Smith his son on the other part, bearing date 
the fifth day of October in the thirteenth year of our reign We have given & 
granted & by these presents for us our heirs & successors we give & grant to 
the aforesaid Thomas Smith Knight & Thomas Smith his son all & singular 
the manors lordships castles monasteries abbies priories chanteries free-chapels 
rectories messuages houses edifices lands tenements meadows pastures woods 
waste lands forests chases parks warrens lakes waters pools fish-ponds commons 
moors marshes wastes furze briars quarries mines rents reversions services 




Translation of Smith's Grant. 25 

advowsons of churches tithes wards marriages reliefs escheats commodities 
emohiments & hereditaments of ours wliatsoever with all & singular 
their appurtenances in the great Ardes the lesser Ardes Claneybuy 
towards the south from the Castles called Castle Belfast, Castle Mowbray, 
and Castle Toome from the late Monastery or Priory of Masserine in 
Clandeboy parcel of our county of Ultonia or Ulster within our Kingdom of 
Ireland, And the aforesaid Castle of Belfast Castle Moubray and Castle Toome 
with their appurtenances And all that Monastery or Priory of Masserine with the 
appurtenances in Clandeboye aforesaid Likewise all & singular other manors, 
lordships, castles, messuag-es, lands, tenements, meadows, pastures, woods, moors, 
marshes, rents, services, advowsons of churches, tithes, natives male and female, & 
all others our profits, commodities, emoluments, & hereditaments whatsoever 
lyeing and being in Clandeboye, Tirone & other places continuously adjacent in 
our county of Ulster aforesaid which the said Thomas Smith Knight or Thomas 
Smith his son or their heirs or assigns can obtain possess or inhabit against the 
Irish, before the twenty-eighth day of March which shall be in the year of our Lord 
one thousand five hundred and seventy-nine, all mines or quarries of gold silver 
& copper being only reserved & excepted to us our heirs & successors TO 
HAVE HOLD & ENJOY all & singular the aforesaid manors, lordships, castles, 
monasteries, abbies, priories, messuages, lands, tenements, meadows, pastures, 
woods, moors, marShes, free warrens, chases, forests, lakes, waters, pools, fishings, 
furze, briars, quarries, mines, advowsons of churches, tithes, rents, reversions, 
services, wards, marriages, reliefs, escheats. And all & singular the premises with 
all & singular the appurtenances (except as before excepted) to the aforesaid 
Thomas Smith Knight & Thomas Smith his son and the heirs of the body of 
that Thomas Smith the son lawfully begotten And in defect of such issue to the 
right heirs of the said Thomas Smith Knight for ever. TO HOLD of us our heirs 
& successors as of our Castle of Knockfergus by the service of one Knight's fee 
Rendering annually to us our heirs & successors after the feast of St. Michael 
the .Archangel which will be in the year of our Lord one thousand five hundred & 
seventy-six for every carucate of the said land called in English a plow land 
containing one hundred & twenty acres of land of the measure in the said 
Indentures specified, twenty shillings of lawful money of Ireland at the feast of 
the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary & the feast of St. Michael by equal 
portions in our exchequer of Ireland, to be collected by our Sheriff there & to be 
annually paid by him at the hands of the Treasurer of our foresaid exchequer of 
Ireland into the hands of the receiver of our said exchequer there, the first 
payment thereof beginning at the feast of St. Michael which will be in the year of 
our Lord one thousand five hundred & seventy-six AND FURTHER of our 
more abundant special favour, we will grant for us our heirs and successors that 
the said Thomas Smith Knight & Thomas Smith his son their heirs & assigns 
tenants & residents shall be quiet & exonerated from all exactions called coyne & 
livery «S: from all other such like cesses whatsoever now used or which hereafter 
may be used or imposed within our foresaid Kingdom of Ireland during the term 
of seven years after the date of these presents AND FURTHER we have given 
& granted & by these presents we give & grant for us our heirs & successors to 
the aforesaid Thomas Smith Knight & Thomas Smith his son & their heirs court 
baron, leet & view of frank-pledge, assize of bread, wine & beer in all & singular 
the premises & in every parcel thereof AND FURTHER of our more abundant 
special grace for us our heirs & successors we give & grant to the aforesaid 
Thomas Smith the father & Thomas Smith the son, their heirs & assigns full 
license power & authority to alienate give & grant all & singular the premises 
to be held of the said Thomas Smith the father & Thomas Smith & their heirs 
for such & such like rents & services as to the said Thomas & Thomas & their 
heirs may be pleasing, provided however that such alienations or grants or the 
services or tenures to be thereupon reserved or any of them be not contrary to any 
condition declared or expressed in the Indentures aforesaid PROVIDED always 
that if the aforesaid Thomas Smith the father Thomas Smith the son or their heirs 
shall not obtain possess & divide all & singular the premises according to the true 
& right intention covenants & agreements in the said Indenture specified, that 



26 



Old Belfast. 



then those our Letters Patent as far forth as all & singular the premises thus 
not obtained possessed & divided shall be void & of no strength in law. And 
nevertheless as to the residue of the premises they shall remain firm & stable in 
their own strength, vigour, and effect. PROVIDED also further that if the 
aforesaid Thomas Smith the father, & Thomas Smith the son, & their heirs, shall 
not fulfill all & singular the covenants & agreements in said Indentures specified 
on the part of them or either of them to be further fulfilled that thenceforth these 
our Letters Patent shall be void & of no effect in law. And that thenceforth it 
shall be lawful for us our heirs & successors to re enter into all & singular the 
premises & to possess, enjoy, & hold the same in our former rights, anything in 
these Letters Patent or in the Indenture aforesaid contained to the contrary 
notwithstanding. In testimony of which fact we have made these our Letters 
Patent. Witness myself at Westminster the sixteenth day of November in the 
thirteenth year of our reign 1571. 

As the Smiths did not do as proposed by them, the Queen granted the manor and 
appurtenances of Castle Reogh to one Con McNeal Oge O Neale, Knight in consideration of 
divers faithful & good services by letters patent dated Dublin 30th March" in 29 year of her reign 
all the lands except those belonging to the bishop of Down, with remainder to Hugh O Neale 
the reputed son of the said Con. Con died at Castle Reogh 7 April 1589, without heir. Hugh 
died 6 Jan 1588 at Down. 

One Brian Fertogh O Neale was the owner levied cess &c. after Conn. (Piiikerton MSS. J 




SIR THOMAS SMITH, 1512-1577. 

(Facsimile of the Portrait in his " Life." London, '6gS,) 



Timber in Ulster, 1608. 



27 



Zlimbcr in "^ailstcr. 




CHICHESTER TO SALISBURY, 21 OCT. 160S. 

AM well acquainted with all partes of Ulster, 
in the Countie of Dunnaeall I am sure ther 
is none at all, neither is ther anie in the 
countie of Colerayne both which counties lye 
upon the sea. But ther is good store 
in Glancomkeyne, Kylletra, & Braselowe 
w^^ counties lye upon the loagh knowne by 
the name of loa^h Ea^h w'^ loa^h is navio-able from each syde 
& end all over, the nearest place to the sea from thence is 
Knockfergus w^ is 12 good myles overland, but the river of 
the Bann runns from the loagh by the Castle of Toome to the 
Castle & abbaye of Colerayne wher it ebbs & flows from the 
sea. This passage by water is about thirtie myles (rather more 
than lesse) in w^ there are six or seven lepps & shotts, besydes 
this the harbore is so bard w'^^ sholles that no shipp of buthen 
can com in at anie tyme, which togeather with hit lyenge too 
farre to the North makes me to conceive lyttle good is to be 
expected by that passadge, if anie be it must be made by 
carrieno-e thereof over land from the loaofh syde to Knock- 
fergus w'^ is a goodly harbore, & accessable, & a safe rode all 
weathers, but farre off to make a retourne for England, about 
Knockfero-us there are no woods neere than Belfast W^ is 
eight myles off but lyenge upon the river w'^ is portable, I 
have ther some wooken (sic) trees but so crooked & shrofed 
that no man fells them for tymber either for pipestaves or other 
use of buyldinge, but it maye be they wyll serve tor some use 
for shippinge, such as they are, & all that is neere unto it shall 
be reserved untyll y"" loP appointe some man to see it, & I wys 
nothing more than that it maye prove for the use yor loP 
would have it. Kylultagh lyes on the one syde upon loage 
Eagh & on the other syde upon the river of the lagan 
w^ is the river that runes by Belfast to Knockfergus, 
in that countrie are good tymber trees, but the countrie 
is but small, & therfore the quantitie of tymber can 
not be great, this belonges to Sir Foulke Conwaye & as I 



28 



Old Belfast. 



conceive a small charge wyll dense that river (& so force it to 
rune togeather where it is shallowe) as to make it portable of 
tymbers of anie syce ther are other woods in Fermanagh but 
they are of no great quantitie as I am informed. (Pinker ton MSS.) 



"^\^l^c-#<^'"' 



! ca «a rja u ^'w. 




COLERAINE. 




Z\K plantation of iJllstcr, aLor^ S)cpnt^ Cbicbeetcr 
to Xorb Sali0bmi\ 3rb ®ctobci% 1610. 

|OR the instrumentes of the Plantation, I 
meane the Brittysh Undertakers, those from 
England are for the most part plaine countrie 
gentlemen, who maye promise much, but 
geve unto us small assurance or hope of 
performinge what to a worke of such 
moment doth appertaine. If they have monie they keepe 
it cloase, for hitherto they have disbursed but lyttle, 
and if I maye judge by the utter apparance, I conceive 
that the least trouble or alteration of the tymes here 
wyll scare most of them from us. It is sayd by them- 
selves, that since the denomination of the parties att fyrst 
by the Lords that were Undertakers, some have exchaunged 
their portions, and others solde them outright. In one 
precynct of those that have appeared, two are Churchmen 
and one a youth of some 18 or 19 yeares olde, whose names 
I have noted in the sedule sent by Sir Olever Lambert. 




w 

I z 

h K 

O 

O tj 

H 2 
2 

£ g 

H g 
^« 

J a 

III z 

pa < 

fc 2 

o o 

% > 

u s 

i- H 

U O 

X H 
u 

X 

O 

X 
OS 

< 

a: 



•a" 



The Plantation of Ulster, i6io. 



29 



The Scottysh came with greater part and better accom- 
panied and attended ; but it maye be with lesse monie in 
their purses ; for some of the princypall of them upon their 
first entrance into their precynctes were forthwith in hand 




"JL {Jl,M -m^^'Bui/U; Tljire. aU lulcant ATHUR LO : CBJCni:ST£R.-LO:3ato^ 
<>i' .bellliAt. 1.0 , High Tiea^ui^ of IreLaud Mid J-onu> lime^'Lo D <-put)- rf t/uU 
Kiii'jijlom al.l! jcaiJ- &: umvani. Ono .'f die- Finj (2-uiufell i.n j: X I' LAjV .V. 

■'if,.- a/ne •! n.rcii/(fl,'n :.r ivuiu/ t/u ihril <'f f/.^- ntiiual: 



with the natives to supply their wantes, or att least their 
expenceis, and in recompence thereof do promise to gett 
ly cense from His Ma^i^- that they maye remayne upon their 
lands as tennantes unto them ; which is so pleasinge to that 
people that they wyll strayne themselves to the uttermost to 
gratifie them ; for they are content to become tennantes to 
anie man, rather than be removed from the place of their 
byrth and education, hopinge, as I conceive, att one tyme or 



so 



Old Belfast. 



other to finde an opportunitie to cutt their landlords' throtes ; 
for sure I am they hate the Scottyshe deadly, and out of their 
malice towards them they beginne to affect the Englysh better 
than they have byne accustomed. 

They sell awaye both corne and cattle, and when they are 
demanded why they do so, their aunswer is that they know 
not what else to do with them, nor to what place to carie 
them, the portion of land assigned to each of them beinge too 
lyttle to receive and feede the goods he hath for his owne 
perticulare. 

They seeke by all meanes to arme themselves, and have 
undoubtedly some peecies in store, and more pikes, and 
therof can make more dayly ; but powder and lead is scarse 
with them. I wyll do my best to prevent their revoke, but 
I greatly doubt yt, for they are infinitly discontented. . . 
We are now all of us become buylders and planters here, 
and not wasters and destroyers as in our younger yeares, and 
would gladly rest in quiett if our yll neighbours wyll permitt 
us ; and that makes us the more sudious to prevent their 
revolt, and to settle peace and quietnes amonge them. 



ANTRYAL 




a66i3C6 belt) in mstcv aD, I6l5» 



GENERAL Session was held at the Castle of Carrickferous on 
the i6th of March, 12 James L (.1615), before Gerard Lother, Esq., 
one of the Judges of the Common Pleas, and John Beare, Esq., 
Sergeant-at-La\v, under a Commission dated the 15th February in 
the same year, and an Inquisition taken before the following Grand 
Jurors :— 



John Plunkett, 
William Boyde, 
Hugh Magee, 
James Blare, 
Andrew Holme, 
Patrick Woods, 
Archiebald Boyde, 
William Stevenson, 



James Russell, 
Robert Hamell, 
Saunders Edmonston, 
John M'Colloe, 
GilldufifM'Cawley, 
Rorie O'Morrey, 
Neil m'brian O'Neile. 



Who say that Murtagh O'Hamyll, of Stenement, yeoman, on the 2nd January, 1614, 
at Whiteabby, stole 3 cows worth 20s. each, the property of Michael Newby' 
gentleman. Guilty. To be executed. 

That Ever McBrehon, of the Roote, yeoman, on the 20th Octr., 1614, at Strad- 
ballythomas, stole a bridle [unum frenium] worth 5s., the property of Edward 
Steward. Guilty. To be executed. 



Assizes held in Ulster a.d. 1615. 



31 



That Brian O'Gribben, of Edendufcarricke, yeoman, on the 27th Nov., 1614, 
there committed an assault upon Elise ny Lagan, the widow of William Toole, a 
faithful subject, and with " a cudgill'' worth one halfpenny which he had in his right 
hand he struck her in the front of the head, giving her a mortal wound of 4 inches 
in length and one inch deep, of which she languished until the last day of the same 
month, when she died. Guilty. Says he is a Clerk. He is therefore, as is shewn 
in a former case, branded in the left hand and delivered to the Ordinary. 

That Donald O'Mulchallen, of Killelaghe, yeoman, on the ist April, 1614, at 
Bellfaste, stole "one nedge of Iron" worth 2s., a mantle (unum pallium anglicanum) 
worth 6s., and "a chizell" worth 8d., the property of James Hutton, of Bellfaste. 
Guilty. To be executed. 

That Laghlin McEdmund O'Carr, of Ballenure, yeoman, on the 12th January, 
1614, at "le Parke," stole "a sacke" worth 4s., "a bridle'' worth 2s. 6d., and "a 
pillyn " worth 2s., the property of Brian Mcdudarragh Magill, of the Parke. 
Acquitted. 

That Richy Bell, of Carrickfergus, yeoman, on the 4th February, 1614, at Strad- 
ballythomas, stole a black horse worth £2i, the property of a person unknown. 
Guilty. To be executed. 

That Firlagh McCan and Conchor McGraudy, of Enishelaghlyn, yeomen, on 
the 24th Deer., 1614, at Enselaghlin, between the hour of 11 and 12 at night, 
entered the mansion house of William Helton (or Belton), a true and faithful sub- 
ject, with the intent of committing a burglary. Guilty. To be executed. 

That Donald Magee, of Edendufcarick, yeoman, on the 7th February, 1614, 
at Masserine, stole a goose worth ( ) pence belonging to a person unknown. 
Guilty. That he be taken back to prison and his fetters taken off of him, and that 
he be then brought to the town of Masserine, and there whipt around the market 
and the folds thereof (circa forum et pliteas ejusdem). 

'. ' ■». . 

vi S ■ '«*, • V.-* ■ ■' "' 
j^^ .£)'*■ '''i ^ ,.■••'.< ■ 









THE VILLAGE OF MASAREENE, 1851. 

That Cormuck mcFardorogh O'Neale, of Killmakevet, yeoman, on the loth 
August, 1614, at Downsecas, stole 2 mares, one being of a grey colour and the 
other of a black colour, worth 50s. each, and two colts, one grey and the other 
brown, worth 20s. each, the property of Shane McCan. Acquitted. 

That Shane roe O'Heale, of Glynarm, yeoman, on the loth Deer., 161 1, at 
Redbaie, stole a chestnut horse, a brown horse, and a grey horse, worth 40s. each, 
the property of Owen mcRobart. Acquitted. 

That Cormuck O'Neale, of the Fues, yeoman, on the loth Deer., 1614, at 
Cloghardury, stole a cow worth 20s., the property of Master Cambell, of the same 
place ; And that Gilbert mcLawry, of Aghneberaghe, yeoman, relieved him, and 
bought the cow from him. 

That Jenken McQuyllin, of Moybluske, yeoman, on the nth Deer., 1614, at 
Ungalle, stole a black cow worth 20s., belonging to Edward Steward. Guilty. 
Says he is a Clerk, whereupon Robert Openshawe, the Bishop's minister of that 
place, claims him, and being burnt in the left hand, he is delivered to the Ordinary. 



32 



Old Belfast. 



That Hugh oge and Cahir O'MuUan, of Megerilehan, yeomen, on the loth 
April, 1614, at Conyre, stole a kettle worth los., and " foure yeards of clothe" 
worth 40s., the property of Brian O'Cahan, of Conyr ; and that Neale mcGille- 
cholem, of Megerylehan, yeoman, aided him. No finding. 

That Denis alias Donat Timpany and Owen O'Carr, of Ilandmagie, yeomen, on 
the 24th Uecr., 1614, at Whitheade, stole 4 oxen and 4 cows worth 20s. each, the 
property of Thomas Bashford, of Carrickfergus : and that he was relieved, &c., by 
Donald O'Carr, of the Cave, yeoman, on the 27th of December following. No finding. 

That Rory Carragh O'Lavvry, of Lissnegarvagh, yeoman, on the loth July, 
1614, between 11 and 12 at night, entered the mansion house of John Yeatts to 
commit burglary. Acquitted. 







THE ANCIENT GALLOWS CALLED 'THE THREE SISTERS, CARRICKFERGUS. 

That James O'Hamyll, of Tullenscros, yeoman, on the last day of Septr., 1614, 
at Ballechackiner, stole a brown and a yellow cow worth 20s. each, belonging to 
Thomas Gralson, and was abetted by Donat oge O'Hamnell. No finding. 

That Murtagh and Donogh O'Mulchallen, of Ballevickechone, Co. Tyrone, 
yeomen, on the ist of April, 16 14, at Conure, Co. Antrym, stole 3 cows worth 20s. 
each, the property of Thomas Meltunus, and were relieved, &c., by Hugh 
O'Mulchallen, of Edenduftecarick, yeoman, on the 4th of April following. 

That [ ] O'Mollan, of Edendutfecarick, yeoman, on the 27th [ ], 1614, 

at Largie, stole 2 [ ] worth 20s. each, the property of Tibott ]\Ic[ ] 

McQuyllyn, and was abetted by James [ ] Neefan, of Gregrebban, yeoman, 
and Neale mcGillehy [ ], at Mogheriligan. No finding. 



/• mir-ceCtenn \ 




ARMS OF ENNISKILLEN. 



FERMANAGH. 

An Inquisition taken at Eniskillin before Sir John Blenerhasset, Knight, 
one of the Barons of the Exchequer, and Sir Robert Oglethorpe, Knight, the 
second Baron of the same Court, on the 8th of March, 12 James L, under a 
Commission dated the i6th of February in the same year, upon the oaths of the 
following Grand Jury : — 

Launcelot Carlton, of Enistlare, ) 

Thomas Cray ton, of Knockneny, ) 



Esquires, 



Assizes held in Ulster a.d. 1615. 33 



\ 



John Stokes, of Mountsedborrow, 
Alexander Patteson, of Tooragh, ^ r ti 
Thomas Cranston, of the same, ' "gentlemen, 

Gabriel Cunningham, of Cartnell, 

John Ogle, of Maglas, 

Thomas King, of Magheriboy, , ,, 

William Atkenson, of the same, ^ ^ eomen, 

William Penant, of Knockneny, ; 

Symon Presly, of Mountcalverte, "j 

James Belfard, of Lisnaskeagh, j 

Walter Notly, of Lurg, J- Gentlemen, 

James Summerwell, of Turagh, j 

John Smythe, of Lisnaragh, J 

Who say that Donnogh AIcArdell, of Dervick, yeoman, on the last day of 
March, 1612, stole 5s. 3d. cash in a purse (zn quadain cruuietia), a pair of shoes 
worth 6d., and a coat (unani tiinicam) worth 3s., the property of Patrick O'Goen, 
and a pair of " trusses" (unian paruvt fe/noraliiiiii) worth 2s., the property of Art 
McRolly. Guilty. He says he is a Clerk, whereupon John Barber, the minister 
of George, Bishop of" Cloher," claims him, and being branded in the left hand, he 
is delivered to the Ordinary. 

That Tirlagh Mclgerre, of Collpaghie, yeoman, on the 20th Novr., 1614, at 
Drommacklaras, stole a brown cow worth 20s., the property of Rorie O'Managhane. 
Acquitted. 

That Hugh McPhillip and Hugh McManus, of Latryme ; Donnell M'Hugh, 
McGilpatricke Magwyre, and Gilledufife McMaghone, of Coole, yeomen, on the 
24th Nov., 1614, at Aghlogherie, stole 2 horses worth 30s. each, and 5 cows each 
worth 20s., belonging to Robert Mongomerie, gentleman. Acquitted. 

That Collo McArt oge McMaghowne, of Magherrony, yeoman, on the last day 
of May, 16 1 2, at Clonkellie, stole 2 mares worth 30s. each, and a horse worth 20s., 
the property of James Gortagh Magwyre. He pleads a pardon, as appears by a 
ticket (per ticketam) under the hand of Sir Edward Blany, Knight, the which 
pardon is dated the 13th Nov., 161 3, and is allowed. 

That Cochonnaght M'Keon, of Colrane, Co. Londonderrie, yeoman, on the 
4th Novr , 1610, at (Colfane) Co. Fermanagh, stole 30s. in money, and a sword 
worth 3s., belonging to John Harte, and "two shurts," worth 2S. 6d. each, the pro- 
perty of Teige O'Mady. No finding. 

That Phealem McPhillip and Shane boy McQuine McMahowne, of Latryme, 
yeomen, on the 24th Novr., 16 14, at Aghlogherne, stole 2 horses worth 30s. each, 
and 5 cows each worth 20s., the property of Robert Moungomerie, gentleman. 
No finding. 

That Cormock mcRedmond Moyle Magwyre, of [Raiskilly], yeoman, on the 
26th Octr., 1614, at Lattkerie, " in quendam Evelin ny Magwyre de Coole, spinster, 
insultum fecit et contra voluntatem suam felonice rapuit ac carnaliter cognovit." 
No finding. 

That Tirlagh and Patrick McHugh, of Aghlony, yeomen, on the 20th Nov., 
1602, at Bellaghbiane, insulted Thomas mcCollo McShane Magwyre with a sword, 
worth 2s., which they held in their right hands, giving him a mortal wound in the 
right breast (dextro pectore) of 3 inches long and 5 inches deep, and many other 
wounds, of which he instantly died. No finding. 

That Redmund mcEneastall and Hugh Modderrie Magwyre, of Aghlorchie, 
and Owen McEurie, of Dronaghe, and Coll Magwyre, of Coole, yeomen, on the 
20th of Novr., 1612, at Aghalaghane, stole 8 cowhides worth 5s. each, the property 
of Richard Lighterfoote, gentleman. No finding. 

That Con Roe O'Connelly, of Mullagheglasse, yeoman, on the 20th Novr., 
1614, at Dromeforde, stole a brown cow worth ^^3, the property of Edward 
Sibthorpe, gentleman, and was aided on the last day of the same month by 
Cnogher mcCafforrie and Neile O'Mullegan, of Mullaghglasse. No finding. 



34 



Old Belfast. 



> gentlemen, 



DONEGALL. 

An Inquisition taken at Lififord before the same Judges, and by virtue of the 
same Commission, on the 15th of March, 12 James L, by the oaths of the following 
Grand Jury : — 

John Kuningham, of Newton, Esq. 

William Hamelton, of Lougheske, 

Rowland Congall, of Coolobegg, 

Andrew Kuningham, of Collomatreny, 

Edward Cathrell, of Fyneforde, 

Daniel Callchoo, of Corcagh, 

David Paine, of Glanefyne, 

Arthur Terrie, of the same, 

John Fleming, of Lifford, 

Patrick Rooney, of Tirrewe, 

Tirlagh Ballagh Boyle, of Boyla, 

Thomas Symons, of Donegall, 

Christopher Weste, of Lifford, 

Francis Edmons, of Tirrewe, 

Roger Hancocke, of Enishowen, j 

Who say that Margery Harison, of Lififord, spinster, on the 9th of January, 1614, 
at Congane, stole 50s. in a purse belonging to Robert Carttwright. Guilty. To 
be executed. 

That Robert Woodes, of Eneskill, cler/c, on the last day of September, 1614, 
at Tullaghmoore, insulted Sawe ny Boyle, spinster, and with a stick which he held 
in his right hand he gave her divers wounds and " bruses" in the head and belly, 
of which she languished until the 28th of Novr. following, when she died. Not 
guilty. 




ARMS OF LONDONDERRY, 



LONDONDERRIE. 

An Inquisition taken at Londonderrie before the same Judges, and under the 
same Commission, on the 21st of March, 12 James I., by the oath of the following 
Grand Jury : — 



Baptist Johns, of Salterston, 
Manus O'Cane, of Lysnebehoone, 



Esquires, 



William Nesbett, of the parish of Tomlefenlecane, 

Morries O'Cane, of the parish of Donboe, 

Gorry mcShane, of Ballyaghery, 

John Rosse, of Rathbride, 

Gawen Rosse, of Fakerins, 

Lawrence Atkins, of the parish of Faghenvayle, 

William Abrehall, of Salterston, 



gentlemen, 



Assizes held in Ulster a.d. 1615. 



35 



Nathaniell Carington, of Mollench, 

Toole mcVagh, of Magherifelte, 

John Cooke, of Lemevaddie, 

Simon Berford, of Bamfelled, 

William Harison, of Magherae, 

William Green, of the parish of Enisteede, 



gentlemen, 



Who say that Donell Oge McDonell Boy O'Neale, of the parish of Magharra, 
yeoman, on the loth Deer., 1614, waged open war, and on the loth of January 
in the same year was supported, &c., by Cooll mcShane boy O'Neile and James 




VIEW OF LONDONDERRY. 



Carragh O'Neale, of Magharra, and Neile O'Gribben, of Moyacole, yeomen. 
Said Coollo and James are found guilty and adjudged to death, " ac interiora et 
membra secreta," &c., as in former cases. 

That Donell oge mcDonell boy, of Magharra, yeoman, on the 20th Deer., 
161 3, waged war, and was relieved by Artt oge mcffelome mcTirlagh O'Neale. The 
said Art is found guilty, and the sentence is the same as in the lastly above- 
mentioned case. 

That Neale O'Develin, of Killoghterr, yeoman, on the 20th Novr., 1614, at 
Killelagh, stole 15 "swyne" worth 2s. each, the property of Teige O'Hagane, 
gentleman. Guilty. To be executed. 

That Donell oge mcDonell Boy, of Magharra, yeoman [and another whose 
name is defaced], Patrick O'Molleave, of the same, yeoman, Rorie [ ], and 

many other associates, on the loth Deer., 1613, levied open war [the remainder of 
the entry cannot be decyphered]. 

That Richard White, of Maghera, with a skeine worth 2d. which he had in 
his right hand, gave a mortal wound to Hugh Roe O'Swyne of 3 inches long and 4 
inches deep under the right arm, of which he instantly died. Guilty. To be 
executed, " et membra secreta," &c., as in former cases. 



36 



Old Belfast. 



That Thomas Coxe, of Caman, gentleman, on the ist August, 1614, at Bally- 
rassan, stole 24 "sake samons" worth 4d. each, "one paire of sheets" worth 5s., 
"a caddowe" of a black colour worth 3s., and a hammer worth 6d., the property 
of John Rosse. Guilty. Says he is a clerk, and thereupon Edward Bomker, the 
minister of John, Bishop of Derry, having claimed him, he is branded in the left 
hand and delivered to the Ordinary. 




AN ANCIENT IRISH SGIAN. 



That Donell oge mcDonell boy O'Neale, of Maghara, yeoman, on the last day 
of Novr., 1614, levied war, and was relieved, &c., on the loth Deer, following, at 
Dondonell, by James McFardaragh and Rorie oge O'Brollaghane, of (Tamlaght), 
yeomen. The said James and Rorie are found guilty, and are adjudged to death, 
" et membra secreta," &c., as in former cases. 

That Art O'Hennery, of Monegrange, yeoman, on the 2nd January, 1614, stole 
2,y2 hides of tanned leather, each worth 4s., the property of William Hoarde, a 
tanner. Acquitted. 

That James McFerrdorragh O'Neale, of Magheragh, yeoman, on the 22nd 
August, 1614, insulted Hugh Roe O'Quine, and with a skeane worth 6d. gave him 
a mortal wound in the back of 2 inches broad and 4 inches deep, and another 
mortal wound in the back of 2 inches broad and 5 inches deep, of which he 
languished at Kilcrenaghan until the 28th of the same month, and then died ; and 
that the murderer was abetted, &;c., by Rorie oge O'Brillaghan, of Magheragh, who 
was present at the time. The said James is found guilty, and adjudged to death, 
" et membra secreta," &c., as in former cases. Rorie is acquitted. 

That James mcFerdorragh O'Neale, of Killcrannaghane, yeoman, on the last 
day of Deer., 1614, gave Neale O'Doyle, clerk, with a sword worth 2s., a mortal 
wound in the back of 4 inches broad and 5 inches deep, and divers other wounds 
in divers other places, of which he then and there died. Guilty. To be executed, 
" et membra secreta," as in similar cases. 

That Toole O'Mulchreene, Connor O'Mulchreene, and Donell oge mcDonell 
boy, of Desertmartin, yeomen, on the 20th Deer., 1614, stole a chestnut-coloured 
mare and a she colt worth £b, a grey mare worth ^4, "a nagg" of a grey colour 
worth 40s., the property of Thomas Foster, gentleman, and a black-coloured 
gelding worth ^4, the property of Thomas Thursoy, gentleman. Guilty. To be 
executed. 

That Cale O'Devin, of Clondermott, yeoman, one of the sheritT's bailiffs, on 
the 20th Feby., 1614, forceably on the King's highway near the town of Comber, 
insulted Shane M'Lincie, yeoman, and took from him two barrels of beare make 
worth 8s. No verdict. 




ARMS OF DUNGANNON. 

TYRONE, 

An Inquisition taken at Dungannon, before the same Judges, and under the 
same Commission, on the 30th of March, 12 James I., by the oaths of the following 
Grand Jury : — 

Robert Stewarde, of Donnaghenrye, Esq., 



Assizes held in Ulster a.d. 1615. 37 

James Callvill, of Srabane, 
William Stewarde, of Crewe, 
Robert Orack, ) . .u 

Gilbert Kenedy, \ of the same, 

Robert Edmonston, of Killaman, 

Charles Brookes, of Dromore, 

Francis Clerk, ^ r ^u ^^ 

John Webb, \ of the same, ^gentlemen, 

Robert Cootes, of Disertcreagh, 
William Carmichell, of the same. 
Conn boy mcDonellO'Neale, of Dromore, 
Brian Crosse O'Neale, of the same 
Arthur Greames, of Ergill, 
Owin Roe O'Qwyne, of Dromore, 

Who say that Dermott oge McDonn, of Agher, yeoman, on the 20th Nov., 1614, 
there stole "a Caddowe'' worth 8s., the property of Katherine ny Brien, spinster. 
No verdict. Pardoned. 

That William Allett and Jocky Tallen, alias Armestronge, of Galnegore, 
yeomen, on the loth Deer., 1614, there stole 8 sheep, each worth 3s., the property 
of Patrick McRory. Wm. Allett is found guilty, and says he is a clerk, whereupon 
John ]\Ioony, the minister of Christopher, Archbishop of Armagh, appears, and 
Allett being" branded in the left hand is delivered to him. Pardoned. 

That Hobbie Allett, of Dongannon, yeoman, on the 20th Octr., 16 14, at Omye, 
stole 2 horses, each worth ^3, belonging to James McGillsenan, a mare worth 40s., 
the property of Brien OTerrenan, and a horse worth 40s., the property of David 
Smyth. Guilty. To be executed. 

That Robert Eruin, of Cregill, yeoman, on the loth Novr., 1613, at Clonha, 
stole 2 horses, each worth 40s., the property of Sorragh ny Neale, widow. Guilty. 
As a clerk, prays the benefit of clergy, and thereupon he is branded in the left 
hand and delivered to the above named John Mooney. 

That Hugh McValdon, of Largy, yeoman, on the 24th of December, 1614, at 
Townaghmagradagh, stole a grey mare worth £2>y and a bay horse worth 20s., 
belonging to Rorie oge Mc Brians, and another bay horse of the same value, the 
property of Donell McBrians. Guilty. To be executed. 

That Artt McCormock O'Hagan, and Shane mcArtt mcCormocke O'Hagane, 
of Donoghenrie, gentlemen, on the 14th Octr., 1614, there entered the mansion 
house of James Baxter, clerk, between 11 and 12 at night, and insulted him and 
his servants, and with a sword worth 2s. which they held in their right hands they 
struck William Magy on the right side of his head, giving him a mortal wound of 
5 inches long, 3 inches broad, and 4 inches deep, of which he instantly died. Art 
not guilty, and Shane guilty. The latter to be executed, "et membra secreta," &c.. 
as in former cases. 

That Manus O'Hoone, of EUanenuckie, yeoman, on the last day of Deer., 1614, 
at Tooreagh, stole 24 sheep worth 2s. 6d. each, the property of Donnell oge 
McEnallv, yeoman. Acquitted. 

That Laghlin O'Cullen, Tirlagh McDavid O'Cullen, and Patrick Boy O'CulIen, 
of Blaekwater, yeomen, on the 7th March, 1612, at Ballacullen, near the Black- 
water, stole a bay mare worth ^5, the property of Francis Caprone, and were 
abetted by Teige Akeaneene, of Tulemason, yeoman. Laghlin guilty, and to be 
executed. The others acquitted. 

That George Sacheverell, of Dongannon, clerk, on the 5th of January, 1614, 
there entered the mansion house of Edward Barnett, gentleman, and stole 5s. 6d. 
out of "a truneke." Acquitted. 

That James O'Hagan, of Arrater, yeoman, on the 15th February, 1613, at 
Tolloghagen, "in quandam Annam Clinton, spinster, &c., insultum fecit et contra 
voluntatem felonice rapuit.'' Guilty. To be executed. 

That Fealome O'Mullen, of Shigrome, yeoman, on the ist Nov., 1614, at 
Ballaclugin, stole 2 mares worth 40s. each, the property of Teige O'Corr. 
Acquitted. 



38 



Old Belfast. 



That Tirlagh Mergagh McGillicullum, of Carrintealin, yeoman, on the 20th 
Septr., 1614, there stole a brown horse worth 40s., and another brown horse worth 
30s., the property of Hugh Grome O'Quyn. Acquitted. 

That Edmund O'Mullarcky, of Ballynecowly, clerk, on the 20th of August, 
1613, levied open war, and on the last day of that month was relieved, &.C., by 
Donot^h and Teige mcGeanaght, yeomen. The two latter are found guilty and 
adjudged to death, " et membra secreta," Sec, as before mentd. 

That Connor O'Mullcrene, of Coollkeerin, yeoman, on the 3rd Deer., 161 4, stole 
a bay mare with a colt worth ^^6, a grey mare worth ^4, and a grey " nagge "' 
worth 40s., the property of Thomas Foster, gentleman, and a black gelding worth 
£4, the property of Thomas Thursky, gentleman. Acquitted. 

That Dermott oge McDoun, of Mullaghallorie, on the 20th Novr., 16 14, 
published and declared these words, vizt. : — " That he had two stuords, and thai he 
aid hope to have good use for them before Xpias {Christmas), for the Poopc of 
Roome ivotild send over CNeale, the Earle of Tyrone, as a Kittge to govt me th's 
kingdome with greate authoritie as he had iii former limes" seditiously and traitor- 
ously, to the great contempt of the King, against the peace, his crown, and 
dignity, and contrary to the form and effect of divers statutes. No verdict. 

That Shane mcArtt mcCormock O'Hagan, of Donaghenrie, yeoman, on the 
14th Oct., 1614, with a sword worth 2s., struck William Magie on the right side of 
his head, giving him a mortal wound of 3 inches broad, 5 inches long, and 4 
inches deep, of which he instantly died, and that he was assisted, &c., by Tirlagh 
mcHenrie O'Hagan, of the same place, gentleman. Said Tirlagh is acquitted. 
Said Shane is further stated to have been aided by Hugh Grome O'Quine, of 
Killmackmorrchie, yeoman, who is also tried and acquitted. 

That Manus and Morragh O'Mongan, of Tamplemagra, yeomen, on the 20th 
Novr., 1614, at Maghenekeeragh, between 2 and 3 at night, entered the mansion 
house of John Roberts, gentleman, putting Sawe ny Feake, spinster, in bodily fear 
of her life, and stole therefrom a brown cow worth 20s., the property of a person 
unknown then in the house, as a distress, and also stole a rope (funem) worth 3d., 
the property of said John Roberts. Guilty. They say they are clerks, and they 
are therefore branded in their left hands and delivered to the above-named minister, 
John Moony. 

That Edmund oge McEgerr, Patrick oge McEgerr, Shane McQuyne O'Neale, 
Tirlagh O'Groome McEgerr, Owen McMahawne, Edmund DufTe McEgerr, 
Tirlagh oge IMcEgerr, Neale Modder O'Neale, Hugh O'Neale mcCormocke, Enies 
Duffe McEgerr, and Edmund Echaggie, of Clogher, yeomen, on the 10th of 
January, 1614, there waged open war, &c. No verdict. 

That Patrick Modder O'Maghane, of Termoumeaghan, yeoman, on the 4th 
January, 16 14, at Curraghroe, wounded and ill-treated Saue ny Harae. No verdict. 

That Thomas Goodlucke, gentleman ; George AUexander, yeonian ; David 
Ecklies, "Tailor;" John Cauder, "weaver ;." and George Straughan and Thomas 
Stephinston, yeomen, all of Derregellie, on the last day of November, 1614, at 
Cavangarvane, rioutously assembled together and entered the dwelling-house of 
William Darragh, clerk, who had been in the quiet possession thereof for a term of 
years, and e.xpelled him and his servants therefrom. Thomas Goodlucke is tried 
and acquitted. 

That Owin Magwyre, of Dongannon, yeoman, on the 25th ]\Iarch, 1610, at 
Ballinseggarde, stole a black horse worth £\2, the property of Shane ONeale, 
yeoman. No verdict. 

That Owin mcFardorogh boy Magwyre, of Agher, yeoman, on the 3d March, 
1 6 14, published and declared the following seditious words, viz. : — " That he would 
kill Emanuell Ley, and throwe his heade out of the windowe of his own castle, for 
that the Earle of Tyrone shoulde come with the Kiiig ot Spaine his forces, a7id come 
to Mounaghan, Dondalke, Drogheda, and Dublin, and that the Earle of Tyrone 
sholde be King in Ireland, and woulde kill all the Scott s and Englishmen in the 
Kingdome." No verdict. 

That Dermott oge mcDoun, of Agher, yeoman, on the 20th of November, 
1614, there spoke, published, and declared these malicious words, viz. : — '■'■ I woulde 
God I hadd foriie Souldcrs in ar)nes in evoie Castle within this I\ingdome of 



Order of Court of Exchequer, i6i8. 



39 



Ireland, and a good store of others si(fficieiit men at my commaunde witJiin the Castle 
of Dublin, and the Kinge of England allso with vie there, whereby I might make the 
said King of England {meaning the now King James) to kisse the Poape his 
showe." No verdict. 

That Hugh mcDonell O'Neale, of Ballylaghnegue, gentleman, on the last day 
of Deer., 1613, there spoke, Sec, these seditious words, viz. : — " That the King of 
England was but a verie poorc fellow, when he was a scoller learninge the languages, 
and that he did much woonder that he shoulde be King of England, for if it s ho Id be 
tried bv histories or croiaiicles, himself e had as much right to be Kifig as hee" 
{meaning the now King James). Acquitted. 




©r^er of tbe lEycbcQucr 

Deposited in the Exchequer Record Office, Four Courts, Dublin. 

xxxmo. die Aprilis, 1618. 

EMORANDUM. Whereasthe King's most excel- 
lent Majestie that nowe is, by his letters pattents 
dated the vjth daie of July, in the second yere 
of his raigne of England, &c., did graunte to 
Sir Randall mcDonnell, knight, and the heirs 
males of his bodie, wth remainders over the 
countrie called the Route, in the countie of 
Antrime, containeing ix Toughes, the country 
called the Glynns, in the said countie, con- 
taineing 7 Toughes, the Hand of Rathlynns, 
parcell of the Glynns, and the foure tovvnes 
called the Creggs, parcell of the Route, to be 
holden of his Ma"e., his heires and successors, 
by the service of sixe Knights' fifees, in capite. 
And graunted alsoe other letters pattents, dated 
the xijth daie of Maye, in the fourth yere of his reigne, to Shaune mcBrien O'Nealle 
and his heirs, the toughes of Minter Rindie, Toughenefinghe, Toughe Muntercallie, 
Toughe Knockeboynabarde, and Toughe Muntermurigan, in the said Countie, to 
be holden of his Majestie, his heirs and successors, in capite by the tenneth parte 
of a Knight's ffee. And alsoe graunted by other letters patents, dated the xth daie 
of March, in the fift yere of his highnes raigne, to Rorie oge mcQuillene and his 
heirs, the toughe of Clynahartie, in the said countie, to be holden of his Majestie, 
his heirs and successors, in capite by the xxth parte of a Knight's ffee, and alsoe 
graunted by other letters pattents, dated the xxvjth of June, in the fourth yere of 
his highnes raigne, unto Chahill O'Harrae and his heirs, the Toughe of Keart, in 
the said countie, to be holden of his highnes, his heirs and successors, in capite by 
the service of the xxth parte of a Knight's ffee. And alsoe graunted by othere 
letters pattents, dated the xxvjth of May, in the fourth yere of his Ma's, raigne, to 
oge Neille mcNeille, and Hugh o'Neile, the territorie or toughe of Kilmacherett, 
and the toughe of Killelaghe, in the said county, to be holden of his highnes, his 
heirs and successors, in capite by the service of the xxth parte of one Knight's ftee. 
And whereas processe of distringas yssued out of this court retornable this Terme 
against the before named parties, and the tennants of the forsaid severall Toughes, 
to cause them to come to doe their severall homages due to his highnes for the 
said Toughes, by vertue of their said severall Tenures, ftor respittinge of w^h 
service of homadge a ffynne is usually accostomed to be paid to his Ma''^-! and 
that sometimes more or lesse accordinge as the lands soe holden are valued ; and 
forasmuch as it is sufficiently knowne to this court that the forsaid Toughes are 
scituated and beinge in the north parts of this Kingdome, w^h jg intended shortlie 
to be planted wth collonies and undertakers, soe as at this present the said 
Toughes, being for the most part wast and unhabited, are as yett of litle annuall 



40 



Old Belfast. 



value. And foi'asmuch alsoe as the right honnorable the nowe Lo: Deputie hath 
this daie under his hande signified to this courte as followeth : — I knowe much of 
the lande wt^in menconed is wast (meaninge the before named Toughes), and 
noe parte of it improved by any maner of husbandry other than in grasseinge of 
cattle and in soweinge of litle oates, and the propriators of the lande to be for the 
most parte very poore and needie, and the twoe childrenn of Neile mcHughe to be 
yett under age, wherefore I thinke it fitte that the Court of Excheaquor should 
consider thereof, and to rate the respitte of homadge accordinglie for a time until! 
the country be better inhabited, and these men made to understande that it is not 
an imposition but a lawefull duetie and paiement due to his Ma''^., this is my 
advise and opinion for the present, xxxth of Aprill, 1610. Arthure Chichester. It 




CARRICK-A-REDE. 



is therefore ordred, upon mature and deliberate consideracon hade by the Barrons 
of this his Ma'"*- court of Exchequer, as well of the state of the wasts of the said 
northeren parts of the nature and disposicon of the natives there resideing, as alsoe 
of his honnor's said advise, that every of the before-named parties shall nowe paie 
to his Majestic as a fine for respitteinge of their severall homadges for everie 
Toughe they hold as aforsaid yerelie from the date of their said letters pattents, 
for and untill the feast of Easter last past, 1610, the somme of foure pence, togither 
wth such fees as is due to the second RememlDrauncer of this Court, for makeinge 
their acquittances and warrants of atturney ; and henceforth as civilitie and 
habitacon shall increase in the forsaid parts, and as there said lands hereafter shall 
be improved and manured, soe this Courte answerablie will consider and advise to 
augment their fines to be due to his highnes, his heirs and successors, for the 
respitteinge of their severall homadges for there several! Toughes aforesaid. 

JO. DENHAM. 



Commission on Waste of Woods, 1625. 



41 







FELLING OAKS FOR BELFAST CASTLE IN KILWARLIN, 161I. 




SUIT in chancery in 1625, between Hugh, 
Lord Viscount Montgomery of the Ardes & 
Dame Amy Conway widow & administratrix 
of Sir Foulke Conway deceased, the decision 
decreed to the Lady Amy permission to cut 
[| trees &: woods, mentioned in a certain order 
of the court, for the use of her iron works, 
& all manner of woods & underwoods orrowincr on the 
lands of Slutt M'Neale ; except only the bodies & butts 
of great and young oak & ash which are not already 
dead or hollowed, & except such boughs and branches 
of oak as are fit for pipe boards, mill timber ; house 
timber, or ship timber ; the exception or restraint to 
continue only untill a division of the woods shall take 
place, & for this purpose it is ordered that a commission 
issue to the Bishop of Dromore, Sir Edward Trevor, Sir 
Henry O'Neill, Nicholas Ward, and Richard West, to inquire 
on oath what waste had been committed in the woods since 
the 22nd August in the fourth year of the late King James. 

The commission was issued on the 18 of June, & they 
immediately impannelled a jury "some of whom were car- 
penters well versed in timber works." They found that there 
were standing on the lands of the size of six inches at the butt 
8,883 trees ; & that there had been cut, of the same size, 
1 1,631. They also find that there had been cut for the use of 
Lord Chichester, for the building of his houses at Carrickfergus 
& Belfast, no less than 500 oak trees. One Adam Mont- 
gomery had with four workmen cut a great number of trees. 



42 



Old Belfast. 



Mr. Dalway cut three score of trees. Anthony Coslet tenant 
of Sir Moses Hill cut 127 trees at Blairis ; & all were cut 
without leave of the lord Ciandeboy, the Lord of Ardes, Sir 
Foulke Conway, his Lady or any of their agents. The Com- 
missioners further state that the roofs of the churches of Grey 
Abbey, & Cumber, a store of timber for the Lord of Ardes 
buildings at Newton & Donaghadee had been taken from the 
woods in question, besides a great store for the manufacture 
of pipe staves, hogshead staves, barrel staves, Keeve staves & 
spokes for carts. And they conclude with dividing the woods 
into two parts, one for Lord Claneboy, the other for the Lord 
of Ardes. (Pinker ion MSS.) 



Customs, lEycise, ac, in 3^^cIan^, a.2). 1037. 

Thefolloiving extracts are taken from a report on the state of the Customs ^ 
zuritten by Charles Moucke, Surveyor-General to Sir George Ratcliffey 
in i6jj. (From Harlcian, No. 21 j8.) 



HE merchants and pedlars discharge at 
Glenarm, where there is no waiter, and fill 
the country full of commodities whereof 
none appear in the books. The pedlars out 
of Scotland take advantage of such un- 
guarded creeks, and swarm about the 
country in great numbers, and sell all 
manner of wares, which they ma}- afford at 
easier rates than poor shopkeepers that live 
in corporations, bear offices, pay cess and all 
charges, and their due customs, and are 
beggared by these Runagadoes, who have 
no residence or place of abode in the 
kingdom, but bring over wares, steal the 
custom, and convey the money over in specie, 
and that to no small value, which journeys deserve a careful and 
speedy prevention." 

" There is a place called Conn's water, within two miles of Belfast, 
and another place called Garmoyle, part of the port of Bangor, in both 
which places the officers of Carrickfergus receive a benefit of the third 
part of the customs for wines or other goods discharged there, whereas, 
if they entered in Bangor, the King receives the whole. The farthest 
of these creeks is not above three miles from Holh'wood, where the 
waiter is resident, and can come at low water to the ships' sides. I 




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PORTION OF MERCATOr's MAP OF ULSTER, I594. (fAC-SIMILE OF ORIGIXAL.) 



44 



Old Belfast. 



gave charge to the waiter of Hollywood to take charge of them, that 
no goods should be shipped or discharged there but he should be 
present with the officers of Carrickfergus, it being unfit that wines and 
goods of value should be discharged there without them both. 

" There wanted a boat at Hollywood, which I gave orders to buy, 
and to give Boulton, the waiter, fifty shillings per annum to keep in 
repair. 

"John Boulton was waiter at Hollywood, being a creek of Bangor, 
by deputation for per ann. iJ^20. 

" There was no beam, scales, weights, or storehouse at Hollywood, 
so the goods seized, being put in weak places, have been stolen away. 
I gave order for supplying these defects." 




CONNSWATER BRIDGE, 1603. 

Bangor. — " There is a fair custom-house built but not finished by the 
Lord of Claneboy, who hath received between two and three hundred 
pounds of the King towards it, and hath bestowed at least six hundred 
pounds already, and two hundred pounds more will hardly finish it. It 
is a large pile of stones made with flankers, and might serve as well for 
defence of the harbour. There are very large storehouses, lodging 
chambers for officers, with chimneys, studdys, and places to lay all 
sorts of commodities in, with as much convenience as may be. If it 
were finished it were the best custom-house in Ireland, and stands as 
convenient as it can be placed to the ground given by his Lp. for a 
wharf and crane, which he hath granted under his hand and seal, and 
was himself present at the setting of it forth, and is most forward upon 
all occasions to give the officers countenance and furtherance ; and it 
is a pity but either the King's Majesty or his Lp. should finish that 
work so happily began by his Lp. of the custom-house." 

He notices no establishment at Belfast ; but among the officials at 
Carrickfergus he mentions John Sande, waiter at Belfast, ;^20 fee per 
annum. 



Customs, Excise, &c., in Ireland, a.d. 1637. 



45 



" At Carrickfergus, the custom-house and storehouse are very fair, 
well situated, and strong, being an old castle repaired, wherein are 
many convenient rooms for lodging chambers, studies for officers, and 
all things necessary. It is almost finished, and, being fully repaired, is 




ANCIENT BELL OF BANGOR. 



the fittest place can be chosen. It is well floored, wainscotted, and 
glazed, and hath provided the King's arms very decently to be on the 
outside of it, 

" Two boatmen at Carrickfergus deserve their salary if they be 
honest, trusty, and always have their boat afloat and ready ; but I 
suspect them, being Scotchmen, to be hardly indifferent against their 
countrymen who altogether trade in that place. 

" John Hornby, the waiter of Carrickfergus, gave a let pass for two 
tuns of French wine to be discharged at Garmoyle out of a ship of 
Belfast, the first of June, 1637, which was more than a waiter ought to 
do, although it had paid custom, it being their duties to execute 
warrants and make none. Of this and some other miscarriages I did 
admonish him, and I verily believe that it will not be long before he 
give further occasion, he being somewhat extravagant in his ways, 
and debauched and idle.' 

" Andrew Edmonds, waiter at Bangor, salary £1 5 per ann. K man 
of evil fame, debauched, and dangerous to his nearest and dearest 
friends, having, as it is known, offered violence to his own mother, and 
drawn her blood to the danger of her life. He used many exorbitant 
and strange extortions, and was so peremptory in them, that he 

boasted that he but to get at least 20 shillings a-week 

by them, as if he had a warrant to receive bribes or extort." 

From Drogheda to Derry, dreads his journey home. 



46 



Old Belfast. 



Speaking of the London Companies' possessions in Co. Derry, he 
says : — 

" The country is spacious, the soil for the most part good, and 
yielding commodities of the best value ; but, alas ! I find that the 
English there are but weak and few in number, there being not forty 
houses in Londonderry of English of any note, who for the most part 
only live. The Scots, being many in number, and twenty to one for 
the English, having privy trade in the town and country, thrive and 
grow rich, and the Irish for the most part beg, being the reward of 
their idleness." 




SEAL OF THE CUSTOMS AND PORT OF CARRICKFERGUS, 1605. 



The difficulties, mountains and deep ways. Never went a worse 
Journey in his life ; 3 score and ten days. 

Carrick. The customs there inwards and outwards to the 24 
Septr. was ^1,137 3s. gd. Bangor, from Lady Day to 17 Septr., 
inwards, £71 9s. iid. ; out, ;^920 i6s. 8d. 

It might be as well to describe the mode of taxation at the time. 

The Customs Inwards and Outwards were settled on the Crown 
by the Act of Subsidy of Poundage and Tonnage passed in the 14th 
and 15th year of Charles II., whereby one shilling in the pound, or 5 
per cent., was decreed to be paid for all goods and merchandise (wines 
and oils excepted) imported and exported by natives, according to the 
value as rated in the book of rates, or affirmed by oath of the 
merchant. 

Goods imported or exported by aliens paid double the customs 
payable by natives. 

French wine paid .^3 los. per tun if imported by a native, but 
£4 13s. 4d. if by an alien. 



Customs, Excise, &c., in Ireland, a.d. 1637. 47 

Salad oil was liable to a duty of £t, 3s. if imported by a native, but 
if by an alien, £2 18s. Qd. 

The Imported Excise settled by the same Act was a duty granted 
to the Crown, whereby all drugs imported were to pay 10 per cent., or 
two shillings in the pound. 

The Inland Excise, by the same Act, was a duty of 2s. 6d. on 
every ^2 gallons of strong beer brewed by common brewers, and also 
on every other person who should tap or sell the same publickly or 
privately. 

Ever)' 32 gallons of small beer brewed or sold was liable to a duty 
of six-pence. 

All Aquavitae, or strong waters, made or distilled for sale, paid 4d. 
for each gallon. 

Ale Licences, a duty settled on the Crown by the same Act, 
whereby no person may sell ale or beer by retail without a license, the 
cost of which was twenty shillings (and one shilling to the collector) 
for each licence yearly. 

Wine and Strong Water Licences were settled on the Crown 
by the Statute 17 and 18 Charles II. There was no certain rate for 
these licenses, the duty being " compounded and agreed for \'early, 
according as the circumstances of trade and times do offer and give 
encouragement," paying two shillings for each wine and one shilling 
for each strong water license to the Collector. 

Fines and Seizures were levied and made for infringements of 
the Customs and Revenue Acts. 

Plantation Duty was the English duty received and secured 
with the exchange of money (over and above the usual duties payable 
inwards) for commodities of the growth and production of the English 
plantations brought directly thence and bound for England, and only 
landed in Ireland upon very urgent and extra ordinary occasions. As 
in case of shipwreck, or a vessel in want of provisions, so much was 
admitted entry as would enable the captain to pay for supplies. The 
said duty on being received was transmitted by bills without charge 
to the Receiver-General of the Customs in England. 

Quit Rents were payable to the Crown by the Acts of Settle- 
ment and Explanation out of the estates forfeited by the rebellion in 
the year 1641. 

Crown Rents were ancient yearly rents reserved to the Crown 
on land granted by favour since the conquest of Ireland. 

In the Inland Excise were also included Hearth Money by the 
above-mentioned Act, according to which every fire-hearth, stove, 
publick oven, or kiln, paid two shillings annually. A fire-place 
unfixed or without a chimney paid four shillings. 

There were other ancient duties then collected, as Prisage, belong- 
ing to the Dukes of Ormond as the King's hereditary butlers. Every 
ship importing more than nine and less than 18 tuns of wine paid a 
tun in kind, and every vessel importing more than 18 tuns paid two 
tuns and no more, which was collected for his Grace by his agent. 



48 Old Belfast. 

When on this subject, I may add that the Lord Deputy, the Lord 
Chancellor, the Privy Councillors, the Serjeants-at-Law, the Attorney- 
General, the Solicitor-General, and the Clerk of the Council, were 
allowed to import each a certain quantity of wine duty free. This, 
however, in 1693, or earlier, was commuted into a money payment, 
the Collector of the Port of Dublin paying in lieu thereof — 

To the Lord Lieutenant, £^6 los. ; to the Lord Chancellor, 
;^I5 I2S. ; to every Privy Councillor, £\\ 14s. ; and to the Serjeants- 
at-law, Attorney-General, Solicitor-General, and Clerk of the Council, 
the sum of £,^ 17s. each. 

An excellent account of the Irish Revenue for five years, from the 
landing of Duke Schomberg in August, 1689, to Christmas, 1693, in 
the handwriting of Bartholomew Van Homrigh, Commissioner of the 
Revenue, and the father of Dean Swift's unfortunate Vanessa. He 
was appointed Commissioner by patent dated 15th July, 1690 and 
held the office till his death, 29th December, 1703. (Pinkerton MSS.) 




DEAN SWIFT, 1667-I745. 




VIEW OF MOURNE .MOUNTAINS. 



nDonroe'6 1Rai^ on IRcwr^, 1043. 

A Dispatch by an unknown Officer. 




HE 26th of Septemb., 1643, was appointed for 
the meeting of all the forces at Lisnagarvy. 
This meeting should have been much sooner, 
but that some things did hinder, whereof one 
was an offer made by divers Rebells of 
comming in, if they might have protection, and 
offering to doe service against the Rebells. It 
was tought fitt to receave them, but upon the 
assurance that they should doe some such service by killing some of 
the Rebells as should make themselves irreconcileable to them. The 
Cannon allso came at that time out of Scotland, and the Earle 
of Leaven did intend to take some pieces with him, having an 
intention to goe to Charlemont, for without them wee did not think 
it fitt to go thither, and wee could onely have destroyed the Corne. 
This Expedition it was hoped would have relieved Dungannon, 
which the Rebells did hold besieged, and it was most certayne that it 
would, for if that provision of victualls for 20 dayes were brought 
which was commanded, the army must of necessitie have passed so 
neere to Dungannon, either in besieging of Charlemont or destroying 
of Corne, that it would have been relieved without all doubt. But, 
first, there could bee but 14 dayes' provision of victualls gotten, a very 
small proportion, for the goeing to Charlemont from Carrickfergus 
would bee six dayes' march. Another hinderance from goeing to 
E 



50 Old Belfast. 

Charlemont was want of carriage, for there were not beasts enough to 
carry the Canon and the ammunition. Another let there was, that 
when the Scotts army came to Bellfast, it rained so extreamely for 
two nights and a daye that it made the wayes extreameldy bad and 
the rivers very high, so that the Army, consisting of Eight halfe 
Regiments of Scotts, with all theyr horse, and i,ooo foote of English 
forces, and 3 troopes of horse and some field pieces, marched first to 
Loughbricklen. There being some forces of the Rebells, they went to 
Tanderogee. Some little encounter they had, and if the Rebells had 
bin willing they might then have fought, for there were all theyr 
forces, but they had no will to it and retired, and the Scotts army, not 
having had anie intention for to goe further, contented themselves with 
destroying the Corne about Tanderogee, and from thence marched to 
the Newry, where more men were left, so that that garrison is now 
1,200 strong in foote and a troope of horse. One end of the Towne 
hath a hill that overlooks it, and on it the Church, which formerly 
had been made for a defence for the Towne. I have repared all these 
things which age and neglect had decayed, which might serve for the 
defence of the place, and at the other end of the Towne next the 
river order was given for the making of a worke which might defend 
that part and make the Towne tenable, which without that it would 
hardly bee. In the time that the Army stayed there, what Corne 
could be gotten was brought into the Towne. In the returne from 
hence some parties were sent into the mountaines of Morne ; all the 
Corne where they came to was destroyed, and all the Irish houses 
burnt. There was a party also sent into McCartan's woods. There 
Lievtenand Colonell Hamilton, of the Lo: Claneboye's Regiment, 
having with him 24 files of musketiers of 6 to a file, having taken a 
prey of Cowes, and coming through the woods with, the Rebells 
having made a barricade crosse the way with pieces of trees, they 
suffered them to breake up one barricade without molestation ; and 
when they had gone a little further and met with another barricade, 
beginning to undoe it, the Rebells set upon them. At the first, or 
allmost at the first charge the Lievtenand Colonell was shott through 
the bellie, which did so dishearten the soaldiers that they were within 
very little of routing ; but it hapned that there was a gentleman ther, 
a good gallant man, one that had been a commander, but then without 
command, and onely a voluntier, spake so to them, and behaved him- 
selfe so well with them, that he did reassure them. But the Enemy 
pressed them so hard, that hee would not have had leave to have 
given them assurance if that Major Ballindin, who commands the 
Generall's Guard of horse, and was there with that troope and 
another, had not caused them to close on one side, and hee charged 
the Enemy, which hee did very well and resolutely. 

This skirmish (wherein some officers were hurt and about 140 
soaldiers killed) lost them some of theyr cowes, but they brought 
2 or 300 to the Army, which upon the returne of the Parties that 
went into McCartan's woods marched to the}'r several quarters. Now 
they are providing for theyr winter quarters. The Lo: Conwaye's Regi- 



Monroe's Raid on Ne\yry, 1643. 51 

ment lyes at Lisnagarvy and at 4 fortes which are made at Kilulta. 
Mr. Chichester's Regiment lyes in Bellfast and in Malone, where a 
fort is making. Sr. John Clotworthy's Regiment lyes at Antrim, at 
Montjoy, which is likely the Rebells will now attempt, for they have 
nothing now to trouble them, Dungannon being given up to them 
after they had endured great extreamitie for want of victualls, living 
divers weeks without any bread at all, and having nothing to eat but 
the hides and tallow of the beasts. The keeping of Dungannon would 
have been of good importance, but things hapning out so as that the 
Scotts did not goe, the Lo: Conway stayed for to make triall, if it 
were possible to relieve Dungannon. 

To that end he went to Antrim, and took order for the sending of 
men over the lough, but gave them order to gett intelligence of the 
state and condition of the Rebells, and wether they were strong about 
Dungannon or no, for it was thought that the Rebells would draw all 
theyr forces to attend on the Scotts Army, and therefore would have 
none or very few men about Dungannon, and because that this was 
likely, and he knew how little a while they would have occasion 
to attend upon what the Scotts Army would doe, and therefore that 
they would return quickly to Dungannon againe. Therefore, so soone 
as hee knew that the Scotts would not march towards Dungannon, 
he did immediately sent away a drumme over the Lough with a 
message to Sr Phillemy O'Neille, but with a command for to see 
wether it were possible to get into Dungannon, and then hee was to 
deliver a letter to Captaine Jones, wherein he was commanded to 
quitt Dungannon & to blow up the Fort because it was impossible to 
supply them with victualls. If this could have been done, there 
would have been done as much by that single drumme as could have 
been done by all the men wee could have sent, but the windes being 
contrary, no boate could passe in divers dayes, and our men going 
over, they heard that the Rebells were about Dungannon ; and the 
last did receive certain intelligence that the Rebells were very strong 
about Dungannon, that they had intelligence of theyr coming over the 
Lough, and that they had prepared an ambuscade, for they knew 
theyr number. It hapned that the day before they came Dungannon 
was delivered upon very good conditions, and they were brought by 
Sr. Phillemie O'Neille in safetie to Montjoy. 

Captaine Jones (who commanded in Dungannon) behaved himself 
as well as it was possible for any man to doe, and the Rebells them- 
selves doe give him a very good testimony, and because that Montjoy 
is now next in danger, the Lord Conway had sent order for 300 men 
out of the Regiments of the Lo: Claneboy and the Lo: Montgomery 
and Sr. James Montgomery that wee may keepe it if it be possible ; 
the whole care of keeping it lying upon the English. The Regiments 
of the Lo: Claneboy and the Lord Montgomery doe lye upon theyr 
owne lands. The Regiment of Sr. James Montgomerie lye in the little 
Ards as yet : the Scotts Army lyes at Carrickfergus, thereabout, in 
the Ards and Claneboyes, upon the Ban's side from Toome to Coll- 
rane, and in the Newry. The yeare hath been very wett, which had 



52 



Old Belfast. 



made the harvest very backward : it is now the 9^ of Octob : and the 
Harvest is not yet in : the Rebells doe what they can to gett the 
Corne. Because they should not bee neighbours to us, all is done 
that possiblie can bee to destroy theyr corne, and to that end parties 
are sent out by the Lo : Conway, whereof some are now abroad. 
(Pinkcrton MSS.) 









A FURTHER DISPATCH. 

HE Scottish Army, or partie, as they call it, which did 
consist of 3,600 foote, and 3 troopes of horse, and 4 field 
pieces, did march about the 7th of this month to Charle- 
mont, and I believe might have taken it without any 
great loss, but they sent to the Newry the next day 
after they came thither, 100 men upon soe manie of their baggage 
horses for meale, and the same day they sent out their horse with 200 
musketiers one baggage horses into the Countrie to understand what 
the Rebells did prepare to do, and what prey of cowes they would get 
to bring to the armie : they met with very ill wayes, and so disad- 
vantageous that they brought little or nothing from the Rebells. 
About 40 of the musketeers, as I have heard, were lost by apprehend- 
ing the disadvantage of the ground and the thought of the enemy too 
much, although he that commanded them did all that was possible for 
him to doe ; by some entelligence they got that day, it was doubted 
the Rebells would make an attempt upon the partie which was to 
come from the Newry with meale, which although they were 400 
musketiers with those that were sent and those that came from the 
Newry, yet was it thought there might be danger, the Rebells being 
reported to bee 3 or 4 thousand, and if they should be beaten the 
army would bee lost, for all the victualls were spent, so that Charle- 
mont was quitted, and the Army marched to meet there partie from 
the Newrie, which they did in good time, the soaldiers having had 
nothing to eat in a day or two before. A little before there marching 
the Rebells in the woodes between Portadowne and Charlemont made 
a show upon a hill with 3 Coloures, and all their women, horses, and 



Monroe's Raid on Newrv, 1643. 



53 



Cowes, and Goates, to make a great bodie, and at their coming away 
a peece was shott from the Castle which strook of a soaldier's arme, 
and hurt another. They did it in a bravadoe, having onely shott that 
peece all the coming and going ; some few soaldiers were killed there, 
and Colonell Hume was shott in the heele, the day after that the 
partie from the Newry was met, was spent in giveing of meale to the 
soaldiers. The next day another partie was sent into the mountaines, 
and a place appointed for them to meet with the maine bodie, which 
marched another way into the mountaines passable for the Cannon. 
At night they met, and the partie brought in many cowes and Killed 
about 40 men or more and many women and children, in all (some 
say) 500, some say 700 ; of the Scottish soaldiers few were lost ; 
diverse of these who came without command in hope of gain, and 
are here called plunderers, an ill race of people, and very hurtfull to 
an armie, were lost. The Rebells made no fight at all, they had not 
anie powder in that place, yet the}' did endeavour to drive back their 
Cowes. Some of them came neere to the Place where the maine bodie 
of the Scotts was, from which a partie of lOO musketiers was sent out 
and mett with them ; upon notice given to the Gennerall Maior he 
went with about 2 third partes of his men, and sending some com- 
mended men before, they met with the armie sent out in morning. 
They took each other for the enemy, some shott were given, but they 
quickly found there mistake. The next day, the bodie of the armie 
went to the Newry by the way that the cannon might goe. A partie 
was sent by the hills that came at night to the Newry, and brought 
great store of 




ARMS OF DUNDALK. 



but the Irish fledd, and by reason of that chaseing of the enemy from 
place to place with there catle, they were forced nearer Dundalke than 
usuall, whereof that Garrison having notice sent out men and took 
from them a great prey of 2,000 Cowes and very many sheep. 2 dayes 
after, the weather being fowle, parties were sent out unto the moun- 
taines between Carlingford and Dundalke, whence they brought home 
manie Cowes and Sheep ; allsoe the whole division of the prey att 
their returne was 2,700 Cowes. It is sayd that there was lost and 
killed in this expedition of the plunderers and soaldiers about 400 
men. I will not report it for certaine, although I hard some Scotts- 
men themselves say soc, because the most parte of them were lost 
scatteringlye, and being under no government it could not be dis- 



54 Old Belfast. 

cerned when they were lost. In the absence of the Scotts Armie, I 
had commanded that parties of my Regiment should be sent out into 
the woods and imployed in makeing workes for keeping small garrisons 
to cleare the countrie of the Rebells, and upon the 9 of this month 
300 Musketiers and 40 horse, commanded by Captn. Rawden, lighted 
upon some of the Rebells that were returned into the woods and 
bogges of Kilullta and Kilmore, to divyd the Scottishe armie, and 
killed divers of them, drove some of them into Loghneagh, where they 
were drowned, and the rest fledd over the Bann. They tooke from 
them 260 Cowes and manie mares and Coltes ; and in a few dales 
after, upon the comeing back of the Scotts, Captn. Rawden, beleeveing 
the Rebells would for there safeguard' betake themselves again into 
the woods of Kilmore and Clanbrassell, sent out 10 horse from a 
worke he was att in Killulta to discover : who assured him that diverse 
of the Rebells were come back with their goods over the Ban, and that 
about 20 of them shewed themselves in the woods and marched 
towards them, but the horse charged them, and as soone as they had 
given fire upon them were rid of their Companie. Upon that intelli- 
gence, 400 foote and about 90 horse went out under the Capt"- 
Rawden and marched to the Ban side in severall parties and wings, 
cleared the woods between Kilulta and the Ban ; but the Rebell 
scouts, discovering some of our horse upon the side of the woods, they 
gott both their cattle and themselves over the River, notwithstanding 
2 of Sr. John Clottworthy's boates by appointment were come with 
musketiers to the mouth of the Ban to prevent it, that being the onlie 
place fordable in 10 miles ; but they have acquainted themselves and 
there cattle so with takeing the River, that they doe it as readily as 
duckes. The next day some horsemen were sent back with orders to 
fire the Cabbins mongst the woods in there way to the Lurgan to 
amaze the Enemie, and make them believe the whole partie was 
defeated, which took good effect, and that made the Rebells secure on 
the other side, and that evening the whole partie marched without 
anie noyse up the woods necre Knockbridgc, where there is a deep 
foard, and quartered within halfe-a-mile that night, and by dawne in 
the morning marched away to the foord, where a 100 men were left to 
make good the passe, and all the baggage and horse by command took 
up the rest of the foote and carried them over att 3 turnes behind them. 
The enemie had scouts that discovered them, whereupon they run all 
with their goods to the highway to Charlemont. A few troope of 30 
horse was sent awaie, and the rest marched after, and the foote were 
commanded to goe 4 miles to Battle hill, and there to stand to make 
good the retreat of the horse. After 2 miles' march the Horse came 
to a worke of the enemie, which they quitt without once giving fire 
upon them ; butt the filling it upp with sodds to passe over gave them 
halfe-an-houre's Interruption. After they made great hast to over- 
take the Rebells, who fledd towardes Charlemont, and to make good 
rest there. Carriages, cattle, mantles, and what else troubled them. 

There was standing corne in diverse places by the way side, which 
saved manie of them. The Horse pursued many of them to the 



Monroe's Raid on Newry, 1643. 55 

Black-water side, where manie of them were drowned. Manie were 
killed in their way, and much more execution had been done 
if the Horse had not bene tyred; there was not 12 that could 
come upp to the end of the Chase. They brought back about 
700 Cowes, and if they could have carried it, and had time to doe it, 
abundance of meale and butter and other thinges had bene brought 
away which was left. The same night the Horse and foote and 
all they had gotten were by great diligence gotten safe back 
over the Band. Some 4 Musketiers had stolen out contrary to 
express command to plunder in the woods, where they were killed 
that night. Some of the Rebells were come back after them, and 
made manie showes in the night from the farther side of the River 
upon the buy (sic) guard att the foorde and broken bridge, but being 
deceived by false fires and lighted matches that the centeries had 
order to lay, did no harme, so that the next day they all marched 
home through the woods very safely with there prey. (Pmkerton 
MSS.) 



(Tbe (Testation, 1043— account of Corn. 

Corn left at the Right Honble. the Lo: Blayney his quarter, and taken away by 
the Irish, 5th October, 1643, in O'Neiland. Of Barley dressed, 3 br. bar. ; more 
120 Stookes of Barley estimated to brs., 40 br. bar. ; of Burnt Gates, 60 br. bar. ; 
more 290 Stookes, estimat. 90 br. bar. 

Corne taken then by the Irish out of Capt: Patterson's quarter. Of Barley, 
100 stooks, estim. ^f^^ br. bars. ; of oats, 600 stooks, estimat. 200 br. bars. 

Corne left at Capt. Parratt's quarter, in Oriell, and taken by them. Of oats, 
ready dressed, 66 br. bars. Totall of the oats taken away belonging to ye Lo: 
Conway's Regt. , 765 br. bars, which at 6s. a bar. comes to ^229 los. 

A note of Corne taken up by the Irish from the officers and soaldiers of 
Colonell Chichester's Regiment. At Maghulacon, oates, 52 br. bars. ; at Legar- 
lorry, oates, 22 br. bar. ; at Leganory, shilling barley, 3 br. bar. ; at Legarrory, 
shilling barley, 10 br. bar. Total, 87 br. bar. 

And neere Tollbridge, as much oates as 20 men stokt and reapt in one day ; 
this did belong to Major Chichester. 

Corne belonging to Capt. Lyndon, Burnt Comes, 20 br. bar. ; also 60 stooks 
oates estimat. 20 br. bar. 

Corne belonging to Captn. Ellis, Shilling, 40 ; Burnt oates, 100 ; Seede oates, 
10 ; barley, 16 ; meale, 6 ; barley in stooks, 80. At Castlecope, seven score stooks 
by estima. 42 bar. 

Corn taken by them belonging to Capt. John Michaell and his company in 
O'Neiland, 5th October, 1643. Of oates, thrashed and cleansed, 140 ; of wheat, 4 ; 
of barley, 3 ; of seede oates in stooks, about 60 ; besides the soldiers' corne and 
meale, estimated nearly 100. 

Corne taken then belonging to Capt. Trusdall's Company. Of barley, dressed, 
24 br. bar. ; more 100 stooks barley, ^-i, br. bar. ; of oates, 39 br. bar. ; more 30 
stooks of oates, 10 br. bar. The totall barley, 140, which at 15s. a bar. comes to 
^105. Summa totalis, ^334 los., of all which we desire present satisfaction. 

Corne belonging to Capt. McAdam. Of oates in stook, estimat. 60 ; burnt 
oates, 20 ; barley in stook, estimat. 20. 

Corne belonging to Capt. Martin, neere Hamilton's barony, oates, 60 ; at 
Molaghdroy, oates, 30 ; Shilling at Molaghdroy, oates, 2 ; and as much corn neere 
Mulaghdroy as 70 men could reap and stook in one day. 

More Corne belonging to Captain Ellis. Burnt oates at his old qrtrs., 7 ; 



56 



Old Belfast. 



barley, 3 ; at his new qrtrs., oates in stook, estimat. 15 br. bar. ; barley, 7 br. bar. ; 
at another place, 6 stocks and 5 stooks of oates, and 2 stooks of barley, by Estim- 
ation, 40 bar. The totall of all the oates taken away belonging to Coll. Chichester's 
Regmt. being 458 br. bar., which at 6s. a bar. comes to ^137 8s. The Totall 
of Barley, Shillings, and Meale, 192 bar., which at 15s. a bar. comes to ^144. 
Summa Totalis, ;i^28i 8s., of all which we desire present satisfaction. {Pinkerion AISS.) 



€^- 




"B>^ 



CHARLES THE FIRST. 



riDonroc \\\ Belfast, 1644, 

By W. Pinkerton, f.s.a. 



ON ROE, on the 27th of April, 1644, 
received a commission from the EngHsh 
ParHament to be commander-in-chief 
of all the English and Scotch forces in 
Ulster. Sir James Montgomery, having 
notice of this commission, sent to desire 
the rest of the British Colonels to meet 
him at Belfast to consider of an unani- 
mous answer to be given to Monroe 



when he would assume their command. 

On Monday, May 13, the officers met, 
^[gjg^^^l including Sir James himself, Lord Mont- 
gomery, Lord Blaney, Colonel Hill, Major Rawdon, Sir Theophilus 
Jones, Major Gore, and Colonel Chichester, who commanded Belfast. 
They met in the evening, and adjourning their consultation to the 
next morning, had retired to their lodgings, when a soldier of Colonel 
Chichester's regiment, coming from Carrickfergus, brought advices 
that Monroe had given orders for the garrison of that place, Colonel 
Home's, and other Scotch regiments to be ready to march at two of 
the clock the next morning towards Belfast. The guards hereupon 
were strengthened, and every officer, as well those of the field as 
others, ordered upon dut}'. This being done, some horses were sent 
as scouts to make discoveries, who, returning at six in the morning, 





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Monroe in Belfast, 1644. 57 

positively affirmed that they had been within three miles of Carrick- 
fergus, and that the whole country was clear, without a man to be seen. 
Upon this advice the guards were all discharged except the ordinary 
watch, and the officers, who had been up all night upon duty, retired 
to their rest. About an hour after, Monroe was descried within half- 
a-mile of the town, advancing with great speed towards one of the 
gates, which, before the drums could beat and the garrison be drawn 
together to make opposition, was opened to him by a sergeant of 
Captain MacAdam's and the soldiers of the guard, so that he 
marched orderly through the place till he came to the opposite 
or south gate leading to Lisnagarvey, and then directed his men in 
several parties to possess themselves of the bulwark, cannon, and 
guards. Colonel Chichester prevailed with the other Colonels to 
repair to Monroe, and ask what he meant by surprising the town. He 
replied that as Colonel Chichester had published a proclamation 
against the Covenant, by which such as had taken it conceived them- 
selves to be declared traitors, discountenanced his officers and the 
townsmen who offered to take it, and had formerly refused some of 
the Scotch to garrison there, he did not think himself safe without 
having a garrison of his own in the place ; and so ordered Colonel 
Chichester's men to depart, except such as he would leave as a guard 
to his house. Thus was Belfast lost by the treachery of the scouts, who, 
meeting Monroe, had been ordered by him to return and carry that 
false intelligence of there being no forces to be seen in the countr)'. 

The treacherous action of Monroe overawed the British Colonels, 
and induced them, without much further hesitation, to place them- 
selves under his command, and co-operate with him in opposing the 
Irish. But the act of hostility was reported at once to the English 
Parliament, who required an explanation from the Committee of 
Scotch Estates in Edinburgh, and they returned by the Scotch Com- 
missioners at London the following account of the proceeding, 
probably as delivered to them by Monroe : — 

According to the direction of the Committee of Estates of the Kingdom 

of Scotland, we do return this answer following to the desire of the honble. 

Houses of Parliament concerning the surrender of Belfast. 

That Col. A. Chichester, contrary to the declaration of both houses 

I November, 1643, did agree to the Cessation made with the Irish. 

That upon his agreement to the Cessation ^3,000 sterling was promised 

to him out of the Cessation money, whereof he received ^500 sterlg. 

That he kept constant correspondence with the Lord of Ormond by letters 

and other ways after the Cessation. 

That he conveyed Adjutant Stuart and Col. Seyton, then come from the 

King's army in England, from Belfast to Dublin, there to negotiate with the 

rebells. 

That upon orders from the Lord of Ormond he caused proclaim all those 

that joined with the Covenant traitors and rebels, and administered an oath to 

his Regiment and Inhabitants for opposing the Covenant. 

That he cashiered all such as had taken the Covenant, or refused to take 

the oath against it. 

That from the time of the first landing of the Scottish Army in Ireland 

there was always a part of the Scottish forces quartered in Belfast until the 

17th of March, 1644 ; that Col. Cambel's Regiment went into Scotland. And 

the said town was only a place for quarters, and not fortified till, after the 



58 Old Belfast. 

removal of the Scottish forces, Col. Chichester brought his Regiment and 
Troops which were quartered in the country into the town, and by order from 
the Earl of Ormond fortified the same, planted cannon on the works, and did 
begin to cut ofif the highway that enters Carrickfergus port. Whereupon 
Gen. -Major Monroe, being advertised on the 12th of May, 1644, that the Earl 
of Ormond and Council in Dublin had resolved to convey 1,500 men into 
Belfast for the further strengthening of that garrison, did, upon the 14th of 
May, in the morning, surprise the forces under command of Col. Chichester, 
and possessed himself of the town of Belfast before they could be in readiness 
to make opposition. Whereupon the said Col. Chichester went to Dublin, 
and his forces to the rebels, and the Lord of Ormond and Council, then finding 
themselves disappointed in their designs, wrote a letter to Major-General 
Monroe within three days after the town was taken, requiring him to restore 
to Col. Chichester the said town of Belfast, with all the ordnance, arms, 
ammunition, &c., as may appear by the said letter herewith presented. Now, 
forasmuch as the said Coi. Chichester and his Regiment had agreed to the 
Cessation, and joined with the Rebells in their Councils and actions, and so 
continued in avowed opposition and open rebellion against the parliament of 
England for the space of six months after the declaration of the honble. 
houses, the Commander-in-Chief of the Scottish army was obliged by his com- 
mission and instructions to endeavour the reducing of that garrison, and 
having recovered the same out of the hands of the rebels, the said town or 
garrison of Belfast ought to be at the disposal of the commanders thereof 
during their abode for that service in those parts, where such towns and places 
are, according to the tenth article of the treaty between the Kingdoms of the 
sixth of August, 1642, especially since it is so necessary for ciuartering of the 
Scottish forces there, who otherwise are not able to subsist, no care being 
taken for their entertainment. 

And as the said garrison, since it was in the power of the .Scottish army, 
hath always been patient to any having authority from the honble. houses for 
magazine and other uses, so shall it be for the future on all occasions. 

It will be observed how the Scottish Commissioners term this 
treacherous surprisal " the surrender of Belfast ; " nor is the rest of their 
communication distinguished by greater truth. It was not until a year 
after the rebellion broke out that Scotch troops were quartered in 
Belfast. A part of Colonel Campbel's regiment were the first of them 
quartered in that town, about seven months after the Scotch army had 
arrived in Ireland. Adjutant Stuart and Colonel Seaton were allowed 
to pass through the Scotch army, as well as the regiment of Colonel 
Chichester. And the Commissioners of the Parliament, writing from 
Belfast on the i6th December, 1646, to the Estates of Scotland, 

further state — 

That there never was any oath administered by Colonel Chichester either 
to his regiment or the inhabitants for opposing of the Covenant, and though 
divers of his regiment had formerly taken the Covenant, he never cashiered 
any for so doing, nor was any oath against it proposed, neither did any quit 
his regiment upon the publication of the proclamation issued by the Earl of 
Ormond against the Covenant, save one, Lieut. McAdam, who took occasion 
thereupon to repair into Scotland, though he was earnestly desired by Colonel 
Chichester to stay, and was promised a company for so doing. 

And though we take not on us to excuse or extenuate any of the mis- 
carriages of Colonel Chichester, yet as any thing is suggested to fortify the 
reason of detaining this town (so properly and entirely belonging to the 
disposal of the Parliamt. of England) we conceive it our parts to endeavour 
the rectifying of any mistake in that kind, and rest assured that whatever 
consequence is drawn from the reports of Col. Chichester agreeing 



Monroe in Belfast, 1644. 



59 



to the Cessation with the Irish rebels, contrary to the Declaration of 
the Parliamt. of England, is so fully known to be ill-grounded, that 
nothing is more manifest than that his regiment was one of those 
that were before Charlemont, when the news of the Cessation came to 
that Army, that they continued with the longest that time in the field, and that 
he sent on all occasions after that time part of his Regiment with the other 
forces when they went abroad, partaking also in the dividend of the cattle 
gotten from the rebel, as others did that attended that service. And all this 
was constantly done after the Cessation, and untill the town was possessed by 
Major-General Monro, Col. Chichester being then only permitted to stay in 
the Castle with one hundred of his regiment, and the rest of them at that time 
designed quarters in the parts near the town. And truly though Col. Chichester 
had submitted to the Cessation contrary to the directions of Parliament, yet 
why he should be therefore conceived as one that is in the condition of an Irish 
rebel, and so to bring the place taken from him within compass of the loth 
article of the treaty of the 6th of Aug., 1642, we understand not. And certainly 
his fault at the time of taking this town trom him, either was not apprehended 
so heinous, as some do since call it, or the indulgence great which was used 
towards him in permitting him to abide in the Castle with one hundred of his 
men, in cjuartering the rest of his regimt. near Belfast, and suffering him to 
dispose of his stock without contradiction. And when he would remove, in 
allowing him to depart hence to Dublin avowedly when he made no such con- 
dition for himself, but was at the pleasure of those that had both him and the 
town in their possession. We cannot but observe that this gentleness was more 
by many degrees than is usually afforded to rebels ; or otherwise, that his 
offence at that time was not such as to be a sufficient ground or colour for 
taking, rnuch less for keeping, the town, and making such conclusions as are 
now drawn from thence. 




LIDKAKI, TKINIIY COLLEGE, DULLl.N. 



And the Commissioners conclude their paper by excusing Col. 
Chichester, saying that if he did go to Dublin and join with Ormond, 
that it ought to be considered how that his own town was wrested 
from him, and hovv^ badly and treacherously he had been treated. 

There was, however, a Captain John Mac Adam in Colonel 
Chichester's regiment, and his description of the capture of Belfast, as 
given on oath on the 14th June, 1644, is preserved in the Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin. It is entitled — 

^^■i^HE exammation of Captain John MacAdam, aged about 28 years or 

/ I thereabouts, taken before the Right Honourable James, Earl of Roscom- 

^^^ mon, and Sir James Ware, Knt., &c., upon oath ministered by the Clerk of 

the Council the 14 day of June, 1644. 

The said Captn. John MacAdam being duly sworn and examined sayeth, 

that in the month of May last the foot company then commanded by the 



6o 



Old Belfast. 



examinant in Col. Arthur Chichester's regiment, being then quartered at 
Stranmilles, within less than a mile of Belfast, and the examinant having 
necessary occasion to repair to Belfast, left the charge of his company with one of 
his sergeants, James [illegible], and he, the examinant, went to Belfast, where he 
lodged that night. And he sayeth that early the next morning, one John Plunket, 
a gentleman, then of the examinant's foot company, came to the examinant's 
chamber and told him that the foot company were broken, and that many of them 
that were Covenanters had, by order of Alajor-General Monro, marched that morn- 
ing from Stranmilles to Belfast, with drums and colours flying, and that by like 
orders from Major-General Monro they had that morning torn in pieces their 
colours in the Market Place of Belfast. Whereupon the examinant, his chamber 
window looking into the Market Place, ran immediately to his chamber window, and, 
looking out and seeing one Captn. Kennedy, Captain of the Watch, in the Market 
Place, the examinant called to the said Captn. Kennedy, and taking notice to him 
of the mutinous and disordered carriage of the examinant's said company, desired 
the said Captn. Kennedy to stay there until the examinant could get ready and go 




THE COVENANTERS TEARING THEIR COLOURS, BELFAST, 1644. 



to him. Whereupon the said Captn. Kennedy answered that it was to no purpose, 
and that he would not do it, for that the said company had done so by order of 
Major-General Monro, and that he, the same Captn. Kennedy, had seen and read 
the said order under the hand of Major-General Monro, whereby it was appointed 
that the said company should march with colours and drums as they did to Belfast, 
and there openly in the Market Place to tear the colours of the examinant as 
Captn. of the said company in Colonel Chichester's regiment. And that done, to 
march immediately with the said company to Carrickfergus ; and, as the said 
Captn. Kennedy then told the examinant, there was in the said order, signed by 
Major-Genl. Alonro, a clause requiring Colonel Home, who commanded the 
garrison at Belfast, to be aiding and assistant to the operation of the said order. 

Monroe immediately after made a similar attempt to capture the 
town of Lisnegarvy ; but finding that garrison on its guard, he 
demanded a conference with Lieut-Colonel Jones, then commanding 



Monroe in Belfast, 1644. 61 

there. Being firmly refused admittance except by main force, he 
first blustered about his authority from England, then threatened to 
seize all their cattle ; but at last, cooling down, he satirically wished 
the garrison joy of their determination, and marched back to Belfast. 

On the fifteenth of August, 1646, Mr. Tobias Norrice was appointed, 
by the Committee, Comissary at Belfast, and directed to proceed to 
Chester with all speed, take possession of the arms and stores there, 
and ship them to Belfast. His instructions from the Committee say 
that he is — 

To receive all arms, ammunition, clothes, and victuals which shall be sent 
out of this Kingdom for relief of the British Army in Ulster, and consigned to 
you, or otherwise brought to the stores there ; and to lay up, preserve, and 
keep the same in safe storehouses and in good condition for the use of the said 
Army. To issue out and deliver such arms, &c., to such persons and in such 
quantities as the Commissioners of Parliament in the Province of Ulster may 
direct. 

The Commissioners for Ireland write to the Committee at Derby 
House, from Dublin, on the 23rd of November, stating that the Earl 
of Ormond had positively refused to treat on their terms, and that 
they would now send on the ships, with a quorum of the Commis- 
sioners, viz. : — Sir Robert King, Sir John Clotworthy, and Robert 
Meredith, to Belfast, in charge of the forces, with ;^3,5oo, part of the 
^^"5,000 with which they had been entrusted for the public service. 
They also write to Holyhead and Chester, ordering the troops there 
to be sent on to Belfast instead of Dublin. 

The Commissioners arrived in Belfast Lough in the latter end of 
November, and landed part of their men at Groomsport, part on the 
Antrim side, and some, at first, they left on ship-board ; for the Scotch 
absolutely refused to allow a man of the English army to enter 
Belfast, but they did not dare to refuse entrance to the Commissioners. 
On the first of December they write to Major-General Monroe, then 
commanding at Carrickfergus, of their arrival after a very severe and 
stormy passage, detail the sufferings of their men in the open fields, 
and demand quarters for them in Belfast. Monroe, writing back the 
same day, says : — 

Touching quartering at Belfast, if you have an order from the Committee 
of both Kingdoms for that eftect to the commander-in-chief of that garrison, I 
do not doubt but it will be readily obeyed by him, who must answer for his 
deportment to the General of the Army, the Earl of Leven, if otherwise that 
be wanting. I believe the Colonel will be loath to part with his garrison till 
such time as he know of his Excellency's pleasure. For my part, be pleased 
to know that my command over Col. Home's garrison cannot reach so far as 
to put him from it, unless I were acquainted with the General's pleasure, being 
more than I would answer for on my life and credit. 

The Commissioners again write to Monroe, stating that their want 
of horses alone prevents them from waiting on him in person, and telling 
him how unsatisfactory it must be for Parliament if the forces which 
they have sent hither should perish with cold for want of harbour in 
any town, being kept from the same by persons serving in the same 
cause. 



62 Old Belfast. 

Monroe replies that he is exceedingly sorry for the hardships of the 
troops ; but " touching Belfast," he adds, " I protest to God I cannot 
vary from what 1 have already declared without an express command 
from the Earl of Leven, General to the Scotch Army in Ireland, for it 
being contrary to the treaty that we should mix in quartering (if an}' 
inconvenience should happen thereb}^ as the Lord forbid), the General 
would call me to an account for the same, as he may do if I consent 
to give up any of our garrisons without his knowledge. I intreat you 
to rest satisfied, and not press me beyond my power." He thinks, 
however, that the Commissioners may accommodate the soldiers with 
such shelter as the poor country can afford among the British regi- 
ments ; and adds that dispute and controversy will not fail to break 
out and ensue if the forces are mixed with the Scotch regiments, who 
will not willingly part with their quarters. 

The Commissioners then, finding that they can do nothing with 

Monroe, write to Col. Home, forwarding the letter by their own 

secretary, as follows : — 

At Belfast, 7th December, 1646. 

We, the Commissioners sent from the Parliament of England, according 
to our Commission of the i6th of November, being commanded to direct the 
forces to Belfast, and having upon our arrival acquainted Major-General 
Monro with their being come to quarters in this place, that so the Parliamt. 
might receive satisfaction, and their forces convenient shelter and accommo- 
dation necessary for the preservation of their lives in this winter season, and 
finding the answer returned to us in his letters unsatisfactory, withall import- 
ing that his command over you in this place could not reach so far as to put 
you from the same. We do therefore, by this, desire to know from you by 
whose authority you have garrisoned this town, and that we may see what 
order you have for keeping the same, and know your positive resolution 
whether or no you will allow the forces directed hither by the Parliament, and 
now landed, to be garrisoned in this town of Belfast, according to the direc- 
tions of the Parliament of England. To which we desire your present answer 
in writing signed by you. 

On the 9th of December Col. Home replies to the Commissioners, 
humbly craving their patience, and stating that he is but a servant of 
the public sent hither by commission from his Majesty and the Com- 
missioners of both Kingdoms, and concludes thus : — " So being en- 
trusted with the keeping of the place, I cannot take upon me to garrison 
any forces therein until I acquaint the State of Scotland, the which I 
shall do with all possible diligence." 

The Commissioners then draw up a resimic of the whole proceed- 
ings respecting the surprisal of Belfast, and send it express by Lt.-Col. 
Conelly to the Parliament and Estates of Scotland and the Earl of 
Leven, Lord General of the Scotch Army. Connelly is instructed to 
explain anything that might be required of him, and ordered to stop 
no longer in Scotland than six days. 

The Commissioners had landed three companies of Lord Foliot's 
regiment, which they wished to march at once to Londonderry. 
Having obtained promises of aid and assistance from Monroe during 
their march wherever Scotch troops were quartered, the three com- 



Monroe in Belfast, 1644. 



63 



panics, under command of a Lieut.-Col. Wclton, set out on the 9th of 
December. Besides their letters of public import, the Commissioners 
send private letters by Lt.-Col. Welton, introducing him to Thornton, 
Mayor of Derry, as a gentleman in whom they have every confidence. 
But on the i6th of the same month they write again to Thornton, 
ordering him immediately to make Lt.-Col. Welton, Capt. Cook, 
Gabriel Leake, and an Elizabeth Hutchin prisoners, and to send them 
to Belfast. They were also to procure testimony of Col. Welton being 
married to Elizabeth Hutchin, or what else they can discover touching 
his familiarity on the occasion of his bringing her into Ireland, which, 
he being already married in London, is a great scandal to the 
professors of religion. 




ANCIENT SEAL OF LONDONDERRY. 



Hook, Leake, and Hutchin receive passes to go to England on the 
I of January, 1647, but Lt.-Col. Welton is still retained in prison, and 
on the 8th a widow More and her servants at Bangor are examined 
as a fresh evidence against him. 

The Scotch being determined not to let the English troops into 
Belfast, offered to surrender their quarters in Lecale, then held by a 
Col. Hamilton, and the Commissioners were obliged to accept the 
offer, agreeing to pay in victuals £2'^ per month to Col. Hamilton, being 
the money he received from the quarters ; and to pay for hay, straw, 
corn, repairs of houses, huts, and to the Scotch regiment as Bernard 
Ward, John Echlin, and A. Stainton might appoint. Col. Home 
engaging to respect and give the English constant communication 
with their storehouses in Belfast. And on the 20th orders were sent 
to the English troops to march to and take possession of Lecale, and 
quarter themselves there in the most advantageous manner that they 
can. 

The Commissioners write off to Chester for spade shovels, pick- 
axes, and other intrenching tools for Lecale, and ask Monroe for some 
that he had been supplied with ; but he states that after the battle of 
Benburb there was such a mania for making intrenchments that all his 
tools were used up, and that, besides, they were very bad. They also 
order the ship Rebecca to take round some iron guns to Strangford, 



64 Old Belfast. 

and to cruise off that place for the future, so that she may be in con- 
stant communication with the forces at Lecale. 

On the 31 of Deer, they also write a polite letter to Lady Clane- 
boy at Killileagh, requesting that his Lordship's troop would give up 
Dundrum Castle, as it was necessary for the security of the quarters 
in Lecale that it should be held by the English. 

On the 8 of January an answer was received from the Scotch 
Estates. It had been delivered to Col. Connelly on the last day of 
December, but he did not arrive in Belfast till ten o'clock on the night 
of the eighth. They say that as their Commissioners are now at 
London treating for the surrender of Belfast, they cannot stultify 
them by giving up the town now ; but they have written to Monro to 
quarter his army as closely as possible for the accommodation of the 
English forces, and to allow them the use of houses in the town for 
stores and magazines. 

On the same day they gave an authority to Lieut.-Col. John 
Hewetson to take possession of the manor or lordship of Newcastle, 
in the County of Down, lately belonging to Sir Connor Magenis, now 
in actual rebellion, and to hold it in custodiam under the parliament of 
England, paying £a^ yearly for the same, and all the usual assessments 
and taxes. (Pinkerton MSS.) 



Zbc parliament a^^ Belfast, 1045, 

Sir Robt. King, one of the Commissioners of Ulster, presented this Paper 
TO THE Committee from the Rest of the Commissioners, presented to 
them, 6th November, 1645. 

In the beginning of the Rebellion, Sir James Montgomery quartered himself and regi- 
ment with his troop in Lecale, which was able to have entertained two regiments if it 
had been well governed. But the said Sir James, not minding the manage of the work, 
procured secretly quarters upon my lord Claneboy's lands, and made the country believe 
that there was such necessity of his regiment in the Ardes, and other places thereabouts, 
and that my Lord of Ards had written for him and his regiment, who did so indeed, 
but by the said Sir James' procurement, which will appear by the testimony of Capt. 
Maxwell if you call him to it, and so left Lecale to the benefit of the rebels and the out- 
running of the inhabitants. The said Sir James thereafter went to Parliament for arrears 
to his regiment, but what he received for his regiment he converted to his own use, 
save only clothes, who, when he returned home, the army being upon the field, who both 
had done good service, and was going on the same, he so devised and withdrew my Lord 
Montgomery and Sir William Stewart, and Sir Robert Stuart and others of the Colonels, 
from the service, and went to Dublin and joined in a Cessation with the rebels, and at his 
return commanded his regiment to join in the same, who refused and would not adhere to 
him, notwithstanding of many threatening, and not long after some of his Captains being in 
Downpatrick perceived a stranger, and asked what was his name, from whence he came, who 
would not give any perfect answer, and they hearing that he spent much and appeared to be 
a suspected person, did take him, and brought him to Portaferry, and there Sir James con- 
ferred with him secretly, and when he was commanded with a keeper. Sir James desired to 
let him go ; but they refused and sent him to the General Major, who could have no 
evidence against him, but afterwards Sir James being with his Lieut. Col. and others of his 
officers, told them that his name was M'Donnell, and that he was carrying a commission 
from the King and the rebels to Montrose for the setting of the bloody wars afoot in Scotland, 
and said lie knew who carried the Commission over. This you may have upon the testi- 
mony of Capt. Maxwell, and Capt. Wachop and others of the Captains, viz., Major Keeth 
and Capt. Wachop, by also about the time the Covenant was sworn in Ireland. 



Belfast Trade, &c., 1646-48. 



65 



Belfast ^rat)e, dc, 1646:^48. 

The Committee, on the 6th of August, 1646, license one Thomas Limburner to export 
to Carrickfergus, free of duty, cloth, serge, stockings, whalebone, bodices, silk, ribbons, 
black & coloured hats, hoods, buttons, points, haberdasher's ware, to the value of ;[^300 or 
thereabouts, to be sold for the use of the army & the poor inhabitants in that wasted 
country. 

On the 17th of September they also license John Stewart & Archibald Moor, merchants 
of Belfast, to import from Liverpool, free of duty, several trunks of haberdashery ware, 
with silks, buttons, & trimmings for suits of clothes ; two fardels containing hardwares, 




skins, & pasteboard ; 8 bags of hops, one box of drugs, one runlet of oil, i cwt of cotton 
for candle-wicks, 12 hats, and 4 dozen pound of whalebone ; two fardels of wool cards, 16 
ells of hollands, & six pieces of buckram, for the use of the army and the poor inhabitants 
in that wasted country. 

On the same day they also license one James Maxwell to transport from Liverpool, to 
Carrickfergus, Belfast, or Bangor, duty free, 25 bags of hops, 8 pieces of cloth, 12 pieces of 
stuff, & £^0 worth of haberdashery war<i for trimming suits of clothes for the use of the 
army and the poor inhabitants of that wasted country. 

Instructions to Mr. Norris, Commissary at Belfast, to proceed to West 
Chester with all haste, and take Possession of the Arms, &c., and 
Ship them to Belfast, ij Azigust, 1646. 

You are to receive all arms, ammunition, clothes, and victuals which shall be sent out 
of this Kingdom for relief of the British Army in Ulster and consigned unto you, or shall 
otherwise be brought to the Stores there, and you are to lay up, preserve, and keep the same 
in safe store houses and in good condition for the use of the said Army. And you are to 
return certificates from time to time unto such Commissaries or other persons as shall 
consign such arms, ammunition, clothes, victual, or other provisions unto you with the 
contents and conditions in which you received them. And you are to send duplicates of 
such your certificates to this Committee, that a true account may be kept of what is applied 
to the Army, by whom, and in what manner. 

You are to issue out and deliver such arms, ammunition, clothes, victual, and other 
provisions as shall come within your charge and custody, unto such persons and in such 
quantities and proportions for the use of the Army or any particular regiments, companies, 
troops, officers, or soldiers thereof as the Commissioners of Parliament now residing in the 
Province of Ulster, or any two of them, shall by their warrants direct during their residence 
as Commissioners in those parts, or as you shall receive further directions from the Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland, or any other appointed by the Parliament of England to have the 
government of the military affairs in that Province. 

You are to observe and follow all other instructions and directions which shall be given 
you by this Committee for the well managing of the trust reposed in you and discharge 
thereof And to give such advertisements from time to time of the state of the stores under 
your charge as may be for the providing of new supplies when occasion shall require in the 
particulars that shall be requisite. 

Signed by Sir Jo. Temple, Sir J. Clotworthy, Sir Greg. Norton, Sir Walter Earl. 

A Confirmat. of a Division by the Committee's Orders of 23 July last. 
The proportion of arms and clothes sent to Ulster are to be distributed amongst the 10 
Regiments of foot and 17 troops of horse of the British Army, igth October, 1646. 
^ To each regime?it. 

Barrels of powder ... ... 10 

To each troop. 
Barrels of pistol powder ... 2 

To each regiment. 
Tons of match ... ... 2 

To each troop ... ... ... i 

To each regiment. 
I ton of musket bullets. 
To each troop, in lb. wt. pistol bullets. 



^ To each regimetit. 




Matchlock musquets 


240 


Firelock musquets 


60 


Pikes .. 


120 


Swords and belts 


240 


To each troop. 




Pair of pistols with holster 


17 


Saddles and furniture ... 


14 


Swords and belts 


29 



66 



Old Belfast. 



Beside the above division by equal proportions, there were distributed among the 4 
regiments of foot that were at Benburb — 

Ld. Ards' rag. of foot, Ld. Claneboy's, Col. Conway's, and Sir James Montgomery. 



Matchlock musquets 
Firelocks 

Ld. of Ards. 
Claneboy's. 
Col. Conway 
Sir J. Mongomery. 
Sir J. Clotworthy. 



200 I Pikes 
50 I Swords and belts 

The 10 foot regiments are : — 

Sir Wm. Stuart. 
Sir R. Stuart. 
Ld. Foliot. 
Col. Mervyn. 
Sir Wm. Cole's. 



100 
200 



Sir W. Cole's. 

Sir R. Adare's. 

Sir R. Stuart's. 

Sir W. Stuart's. 

Cap. Geo. Montgomery's. 

Cap. Dudly Phillips' 



17 troops are 
Col. Hill's reg. consisting of 5 troops. 
Col. Conway's troop. 
Ld. Ards' troop. 
Clandeboy's. 
Sir J. Montgomery. 
Sir J. Clotworthy's. 
Capt. Clotworthy's. 

The provisions to be delivered to the forces by the Commissioner at Belfast as they shall 
think best for the service, having regard to the necessity of the place where quartered and 
preservation of the country. 

Tons of Salt, 33^. 

Bows of Meal, 6,666|. 
Suits of Clothes, 4,615. 
igf/i Octohei', 1646. 

Agreed and divided by Will Cole, Ja. Trayle, Arthur Hill, and Geo. Rawdon ; 
Ja. Claneboy, Ro, Hannay, Robt. Kmg, Gentlemen of Ulster. 




Order for Mr. Norris, Commissioner, to receive. 

By the Commissiojiers' Govemvient of Ulster, the Customs of several ports in Ulster to 

defray public charges. 

" These are to authorise you to receive the customs of the several ports of Carrickfergus, 
Belfast (not as yet disposed of by us), Bangor, Donaghadee, and Strangford, together with 
what they are in arrears at Michaelmas last, to empower your occasions about the public 
stores and to continue the receiving of the same until you shall have further order to the 
contrary, keeping a just account thereof in writing, that you may be answerable for the same 
to those the Parliament shall intrust ; and the officers of the customs of the said ports are 
hereby required to pay the same unto you every quarter as they were accustomed, of which 
they may not fail at their perils. And for so doing this shall be your warrant. Given at 
Belfast, 23 of October 1646. " Arthur Annesley. 

"To Tobias Norris, Gent., William Beale." 

By the CoDimissioners for Ireland. 

"Whereas the Commissioners formerly in this Province had given power to Mr. Tobias 
Norris for receiving the customs of the several ports abovementioned for the use of the 
public service intrusted with him, commanding the officers of the said customs to make 
payment every quarter to him. We do hereby confirm the same, and do strictly require the 
said officers to make due payment thereof accordingly as they will answer the contrary at 
their perils. Given at Belfast, jo Deer. , 1646. \ 

"Ron. Meredith, Robt. King, Jno. Clotworthy." 



Belfast Trade, &c., 1646-48. ej 

James Maxwell, of Carrickfergus, May, 1647, 

Had license to embark from the ports of Chester or Liverpool to Belfast or Carrick- 
fergus for the use of the Army there, Twelve pieces of cloth, thirty pieces of stuff with 
haberdasher's ware fitting for trimmings. Twenty dozen of scythes, three score dozen of 
sickles, one barrel of nails, and twenty bags of hops, custom free. 

John Clugston, merchant, had license to export to Belfast, Twelve bags of hops. Two 
packs of broad cloth, Two packs of stuff, Two packs of small ware, 10 Dozen of hats, and a 
bundle of bridle reins, to the value of ^{^300. 

Patrick Smith, 6 bags of hops, one fardel of stuffs, one fardel of bridles and other 
furniture for horses, one fardel of small ware as haberdasher's ware, two dozen of hats, one 
box with combs, and a small cask of tobacco, in the ship the Jonas of Kirkaldy. 

Gilbert Eccles, from London to Carrickfergus, 1648, four packs of clothes and stuffs 
containing also buttons, silk, buckram, bays, taffeta, hollands, stockings, laces, paper, paste- 
board, gloves, four barrells raisins and glasses. Ten bags hops, six boxes of tobacco pipes, a 
small cask of cards for wool, two chests with glasses, two hampers of hats, and some 
Crooked lane ware, six doz. of scythes, two packs of sickles, two barrells of rice, and a 
bundle, of value of ;^300 or thereabouts. 



is ^ 

K ■ -^ 
I- ^'- i^ 



George Booth's Remonstrance about the want of Carts for the Army 

IN 1647. 

I am given to understand that there is provision of carts made to come over here. God 
grant they prove not useless here when they come, for I fear they will prove too heavy of 
themselves without any load for our small garrons. My Ld. of Strafford sent some store of 
them over here, but we could never make use of them, but of the irons of them. Therefore, 
except there be good strong draught horses or oxen provided for them, & skilful men to drive, 
they will be endangered to be lost with the provisions in them. 

FIRST ESTABLISHMENT OF A POST TO SCOTLAND AND 

ENGLAND, 1648. 

The sending of forces from Scotland created a new & increased intercourse with Ireland 
& the exigencies of the rebellion demanding a quick & continual means of intelligence, led to 
the establishment of a post between the north of Ireland, Edinburgh, & London. England 
being more interested in the matter than Scotland agreed to bear all the extra expense, & 
the English Parliament and Scotch Commissioners concluded to make Carlisle the starting- 
point from the English side. From Carlisle the route and postmasters were — Annan, twelve 
miles, Mark Lock ; Dumfries, twelve miles, Robert Glencorse ; Steps of Or, twelve miles, 
Andrew M'Min ; Gatehouse of Fleet, twelve miles, Ninian Mure ; Pesthouse, eleven miles, 
George Bell ; Kirk of Glenluce, thirteen miles, John Baillie ; & from thence to Portpatrick, ten 
miles, John M'Caig. The persons named were considered the only ones fit for the employment 
"as being inn-keepers and of approved honesty in those parts." Every thing being ready, 
on the 27th September, 1648, the English Parliament was called upon to ratify the arrange- 
ments & supply "John McCaig, postmaster in Portpatrick," with a post boat, and the 
demand was at once complied with. The intermediate stations between Portpatrick and 
Edinburgh were Ballantrae, Drumbeg, Ayr, Kilmarnock, Glasgow, Kilsyth, Linlithgow. 

The Committee at Derby House. 
" To Colonel Monk, 

"We have formerly written you concerning Belfast, which the Scots ought not to 
have had at all. And we again desire you to use all the means in your power to put the sd. 
town of Belfast in the possession of the Parlmt. of England, and you will take care that 



•68 Old Belfast. 

none land in Ireland out of Scotland, or any of those that are in England in arms against the 
Comonwealth may come over hither. We have wiitten to Capt. Clark to ply up and down 
the coast to prevent them, sg Aug., 164S." 

They write on 5 Septr. — Heard of the overthrow given to the Duke of Hamilton, want 
to know what Scotch regiments in Ireland were concerned with it. Monk to inspect and 
inquire. 

To Col. Monk, — They have not a cypher ; have written of the whole affair to Col. 
Jones ; please give him a meeting, and consult on the matter together. 22 Septr., 1648. 

Col. Monk appointed Governor of Carrickfergus ; great praise for taking the towns from 
the Scots, 4 October, 1648 ; beg of him to recommend a fit person to be governor of Belfast, 
and return us your opinion by the first opportunity. 

Write to Coot and Monk stating that many under them in the service of the Parliament 
had treacherously invaded England under Hamilton, to be careful casting officers. "We 
shall only add this caution, that in the exertion of his power you will be careful to do it so 
that when you attempt it you may be able to carry it through without afront. " 

Some advantage might be made by giving the Irish protection to sow and plow within 
his quarters. 18 Novr. , 1648. 

The Weekly Conveyance of Letters from Ireland, 1648. 

On every Monday, precisely at noon, a post shall go hence from Dublin, to be at 
Groomesport on Thursday, where the passage shall be always ready, the wind serving, to 
depart with the morning's tide, to be at Edinburgh by Monday noon following, which shall 
be the time of departure of the post from thence for London by way of York, and precisely 
to be at London on Saturday at night. And from London back again on the same days. 
To wit — on Monday at noon from London by York, to be at Edinburgh on the Saturday 
evening. And on Monday noon from Edinburgh to Dublin, if the weather hinder not, 
before the next Monday following. 

The deliverer of the letter or letters in Dublin payeth nothing, but the receiver in 
England or Scotland is to pay nine pence per letter, or two shillings and sixpence per ounce 
if packets. 

The deliverer of the letter or letters in England or Scotland is to pay three pence per 
letter, and the receiver in Ireland sixpence. And if packets, proportionably ^ of two 
shillings and sixpence an ounce in England and Scotland, and the rest in Ireland by the 
receiver. 

Four posts or messengers shall be appointed to go betwixt Dublin and Edinburgh on 
foot and horse as they can conveniently, and from Edinlxirgh to London by the ordinary 
way of the post night and day. 

Mr. Frisweir s propositions for the settlement of the 7veehly conveyance 
of letters to and from this Kingdom. {Pinkerton MSS.) 



H IRelation of several Servicer, 

At the which I was present in the Wars of Ireland, from the year 164^ until 

1633. By Major Meredith. 

BOUT two days after the storming & taking of 
Drogheda in the year 1649, the Lord Lieut, sent Col. 
Chidley Coote, with his own & Lieut. General Jones's 
Regiment of Horse & Col. Castle's Regiment of 
Foot, to possess Dundalk. Those Regiments, having 
marched all night, arrived at Dundalk the next 
morning, which they found the enemy had newly 
quitted, so that, without farther trouble, there was left 
there as Governor Col. Ponsonby [the Major to Col. Coote] with his 
troop & some few foot, and the Regiments, both Horse and Foot, 
marched immediately that day back to the Camp, which was then in 
the fields near Drogheda. About a day or two after, the same party, 




A Relation of several Services. 



69 



together with Col. Venables' Regiment of Foot & two troops of 
Dragoons, were sent under the command of Col. Venables to reduce 
some part of the North, and for that purpose guns for battering, & 
victuals, were sent to attend him by sea in a Man of War, The first 
place they marched to was Carlingford, and the same day the party 
came thither the ships came into the Harbour, and passed the Fort, 
which lies in the mouth of it, without any prejudice, though they 
made several shots at her as she passed. That night we encamped 
on the South side of the town in fields near adjoining, & the ship cast 
anchor near the Castle. The next day preparations were made to 
land our Guns, & to raise a battery, in order to which guards were 
placed near the Castle ; but before we either landed Guns, or made 
our battery, the enemy came to a parley, and the Castle was sur- 
rendered unto us on Articles, 




ST. LAWRENCE S GATE, DROGHEDA. 



The next day after the surrender of Carlingford, Col, Venables 
took Lieut. General Jones's Regiment of Horse, and marched by the 
water-side under the mountains unto the Newry, to summons that 
place. We passed the River at a Ford about a mile below the Newry ; 
the remainder of the party were left with Col. Coote to come the 
other side of the Mountains with the carriages, the way we marched 
not being passable for carriages. The same evening, we came to the 
Newry and faced it, the Governor came out and treated, & so we 
concluded that the Horse were admitted into the town, and marched 
through it to pass the bridge, to quarters on the other side of the 
water where was most conveniency, & the next day the Castle was 
surrendered on Articles. 

We rested at the Newry till the rest of the party came up, which 
was three days after, in which time there came a Cornet, & two or 
three more from Lisnegarvie, who assured us that if we could advance 
we should have that place surrendered unto us. Upon which invita- 
tion, by advice of the officers, we advanced from the Newry, having 
left an Ensign & some few men in the Castle. The first night we lay 



JO 



Old Belfast. 



at Dromore, sixteen miles from the Newry, and encamped in a field 
South-west of the said town, by the highway side, well enclosed with 
hedges, not having any intelligence of any enemy being near us. But 
about three hours after we were encamped, there came advertisement 
from Dundalk that Col. Trevor was attending us with a considerable 
party of Horse, and resolved to fall on us before we got to the Newry. 
Upon which intelligence, orders were sent that the Horse should draw 




CROMWELL IN IRELAND. 



into the Foot quarters, which was a field on the outside of which the 
Horse lay ; but the orders being cursorily given, & no alarum general 
in the Camp, there was but little notice taken of them. For I cannot 
tell, whether through the negligence of him that carried the orders, or 
those that gave them, but certain truth it is that they were never 
known to half the Horse [& the Dragoons never heard of it at all], 
which omission had like to have been our total ruin, & was the only 
cause of the greater part of the loss we afterwards sustained. The 
enemy, according to the intelligence, having coasted us all that day 



A Relation of several Services. yi 

on the left hand, had by their scouts, which they kept on the tops of 
the hills [whilst their party kept the bottoms], certain intelligence of 
our motions, & were so confident [as I have since heard] that some 
of them came into the outside of the quarter & viewed the order of 
our quartering, & afterwards returned & gave an account of it to their 
party. Upon which the enemy resolved to attempt our quarters, 
which accordingly they did, an hour before day, the next morning, & 
we having scouts abroad [the strength of our guard being in the 
quarters] the enemy found no resistance, but followed the scouts into 
the guard, who at once had received the alarum, & the enemy, they 
pursuing the scouts so close that they came to the guard as soon as 
the scouts. So that with very small or no dispute they routed the 
guard & pursued them through the quarter, which so sudden rout of 
the guard had the like influence on all the Camp, being in no order to 
receive an enemy or defend themselves, judged of their own condition 
by that of their fellows, and fell to a total rout. Which had never 
been recovered, had it not pleased God that the situation of the place 
was such, being surrounded with a very strong hedge on most parts, 
& a bog behind it, that our men could not readily find how to get 
away, the morning proving extraordinary dark, by which means 
likewise it pleased the Lord that the enemy were not sensible of their 
own advantage, but stood with the gross of their Horse, w^hich was 
about 400, on a hill near. They, judging by the small resistance 
which they had heard made, that we had been totally routed by their 
first party, & that those parties would keep us from rallying, that they 
should have nothing to do when it was day but to pick up a scattered 
party wholly strangers to the country. And this I know to have been 
their opinion of us by the relation of some of their chief officers since. 
But the same Providence that guided and guarded us, misguided 
them. For the former party, who were ordered in case they got in to 
the quarters to stay there & not pursue, but to keep us from rallying, 
contrary to their orders followed the pursuit of the guard, & so left 
us, though all dispersed, to recollect ourselves, & the day breaking, we 
sooner were sensible of our own miscarriages than the enemy could 
be, who were some distance from us, sounding levitts for joy of their 
supposed victory. We, perceiving ourselves in great disorder, made 
the greater haste to unite again. Very suddenly we had rallied about 
40 or 50 horse, which being drawn up on a small rising ground which 
was in the field, those that had before hid themselves in holes and 
ditches immediately took up their arms again & repaired to us. And 
before it was so light as the enemy could discern what we were, we 
had rallied 4 or 5 more small bodies of Horse, & a handsome body of 
400 Foot. And as if every one had been ashamed of what was before 
done, there was no other voice among the soldiers but to redeem their 
past miscarriage by presently fighting, which forwardness of theirs, I 
confess, was a good argument to engage the enemy, & therefore 
went to the Commander in Chief, & declared unto him the probability 
.of good success if we went out & fought, but I was answered he 
would not engage but on the ground we stood, with which answer I 



72 



Old Belfast. 



returned to my charge, & the soldiers still desiring very much an 
engagement, I went again to the Commander in Chief, and desired, 
at least, he would permit me to take a small party of Horse & advance 
towards the enemy, to search a tent of Major Villers, wherein there 
was a fortnight's pay for the Lieut. General's Regiment ; telling him 
besides it would be a countenance to some who lay hid between us & 
the enemy to repair to us. Upon which I was permitted to take 40 
or 50 Horse & advance towards the enemy, which I did, & was no 
sooner within half musket shot of them, where we drew up, but they 
immediately sent a good party to charge us. But it pleased God to 
order that business so, that after a long and sharp dispute between 
these two parties only, that we routed them, & followed them so 
close that their main body took the rout likewise, so that that party, 
together with some more of the Lieut. General's Regiment, which 
came with Capt. Casack & Lieutenant Thomson, we had the pursuit 
of them unto the Bann water towards Newry, being 7 miles. In the 
pursuit we recovered all our prisoners & two standards which they 
had taken of ours, killed many of them, & took many prisoners, 
among whom were two Captains of Horse & other inferior officers. 
The rest of the Horse were employed in the pursuit of one Major 
Chatfield, who was drawn up in the town with 100 Horse, & had 
prisoner with him Major Viller and Captain Usher, both of whom in 
the pursuit were recovered, & the officer that had the charge of them, 
a Cornet, came into us. Thus it pleased the Lord to disperse that 
cloud which threatened us with so great a storm, with which 
undoubtedly we had been destroyed, had not God been our mighty 
helper & defender. 

As soon as we returned from the pursuit, the party began their 
march unto Lisnegarvie, into which they were very welcomely 
received that night, the party quartering in the fields near to it. And 
next day, with the addition of one troop of horse, which were of that 
country, & there joined with us under the command of Major Bruffe, 
we marched unto Belfast, & faced that place, which was within 3 or 
4 days surrendered to us on Articles. About ten days after the 
surrender of the town, Lieut. General Jones's Regiment marched back 
unto Dublin, & what afterwards was done in those parts Sir Theophilus 
Jones can best give you an account of, being there with his Regiment 
from a little while after we came away, until all action was finished in 
those parts. 

(In a letter from Wm. Meredyth to Dr. Henry Jones giving an account of his 
services, June, 1656, Jones, it seems, being about to publish an account of the rebellion.) 
{Pinkerton MSS.) 

/lubAp fcinncpA§A\ 




ARMS OF NEVVRV. 




SEAL OF THE COMMONWEALTH. 



^be Commonwcaltb anb tbe IRortb of 3relant). 

CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE PRIVY COUNCIL, DUBLIN, &C., 

1651-1660. 

( Copied from MSS. Bermingham Tower, and Trinity College, Dublin, by W. Pinkerton.) 



Letter from the Commissioners at Belfast to Lieut. Gen. Ludlow, 2 Aug., 16^1. 

" Honoured Sirs, 

" The Lord in mercy gives us every day new occasions to praise his name for 
his manifold appearances with his servants in their undertakings to carry on the great work 
he hath called them unto. The experiences thereof which you have been partakers of in 
your own person doth much rejoice us. It hath pleased God to open a way for our forces in 
Scotland to pass over the water into Fife. About 50^ horse and foot of them went over 
about the 17th of July, and on the 20th engaged with Sir John Browne's Brigade, where, 
after a sharp encounter, the Lord gave the enemy a defeat, about 2,000 slain. Sir John 
Browne, their Major General, and many other commanders and 700 soldiers taken prisoners 
and 50 colours taken. The Lord endue us with a frame of spirit suitable to his doings 
towards us. Mr. Lour (?) is sentenced to lose his head, but reprieved by the Parliament 
upon the ministers' petition on his behalf till the 15th of this month. Some small disasters 
the Lord is pleased to mix with these great mercies to teach us to know where our strength 
lies. The Hinde frigate is cast away near Carrickfergus. Capt. Sherwine that commanded 
it and 52 of his men escaped and about 12 perished. We hope the guns and tackling will be 
recovered. Forty foot and ten horse in convoying bread to Capt. Venables were, at the 
Moyrie, between Dundalk and the Newry, this week cut off by the Tories which keep in the 
Fews. Truly, Sir, your company is much longed for by your servants." 

Belfast, 2 August, i6ji. 

Venables was then in the field, 1,300 foot and 500 horse, with the intention to capturing 
the strong fort of Ballinecary in Cavan, and to settle some garrisons in the bowels of the 
enemy at Belturbet and other places. 



74 



Old Belfast. 




SEAL OF BELTURBET. 



A depot of provisions made for Venaliles at Trim, Dundalk being visited with the 
plague. 

Privy Cotciicil, writing to Venables, Sept. , 1681, say : — 

"We have gotten a very good minister, lately come out of England, whom we have 
agreed to send unto your quarters about Lisnegarvy and Belfast ; his name is Mr. Weekes ; 
we do believe you will be pleased with him." 

THE COUNCIL AT DUBLIN. 

To Col. Venables, Col. Barrow, and Mr. Timothy Taylor. 

" Gent., 

" We have sent Mr. Wyke, a minister of the Gospel and a man of meek spirit, 
so far as we can discern, to preach the Gospel in the North. To whom we desire you to 
give all due encouragement, so far as you find him useful in the work of the Gospel. And 
because there is a great scarcity of persons fitly qualified to be sent out to preach to the 
people, we desire you to countenance and encourage frequent Christian meetings both 
publickly and privately to confer with each other about Gospel duties, and to declare unto 
one another their experience of the Lord's love and gracious dealings to them, to exercise 
their gifts in prayers and exhortations for the refreshing and edifying one another in love and 
in knowledge of the Lord Jesus, avoiding vain and unnecessary questions and disputations 
which administer strife, that the Lord Jesus may thereby be glorified, his name be exalted, 
and the present defect of instruments in some measure supplied. All which we leave to 
your Christian consideration to practise as the Lord shall lead out your spirits. ^ October, 




ARMS OF DUBLIN. 



Dublin, 4 October, i6ji. — County Antrim charged with a monthly assessment of £1^500 ; 
Down, £i,2jo. To maintain the army and forces there. 

THE ASSESSMENT FOR ULSTER. 

The whole Province of Ulster, with the County of Louth, excepting the Barony of 
Farran, assessed for a monthly tax of /S, 430 in these proportions : — 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 75 



Antrim 


... ;^I,500 


Down 


1,250 


Donegal 


700 


Armagh 


350 


Cavan 


800 



County Louth 


^330 


Londonderry 


250 


Fermanagh 


150 


Tyrone 


100 


Monahan 


200 



for 6 months, counting 28 days to the month, on all persons in cities and country according 
to their estates, stocks, &c. , all property ; defaults levyed off the whole barony. 

// Nov., 16^1. — To Col. Hill on asking advice. 

"We usually allow the wives and children of delinquents some part of (he sequestrated 
estate, not exceeding a fifth part, provided that they be under protection, and that their 
portion be liable to contribution equally with others, and we leave it free with you to grant 
the same allowances where you shall find just and reasonable grounds for it. As for the 
particular persons you mention, whose necessitous conditions require the like relief, we are 
willing they and their families should be looked upon as capable thereof, whether they leave 
wives or not. But in all cases where sequestrations are actually made, the personal estates of 
delinquents as well as the real ought to be sequestrated. For Col. Conway's estate, we shall 
do him right on his petition, when he appears before us ; but in the meantime the sequestra- 
tion of the Lord Conway's estate is to be prosecuted. As for those that plead particular 
articles for exemption from common charges and contributions (as Col. Trevor does), we 
desire you to examine them and certify as how you find them. As to the supplying of 
defects of contributions of wasted Counties out of Counties that are solvent, our meaning is 
very much misunderstood therein to our prejudice. The thing we had in our eye, and most 
immediately in our care, was the making of a certain provision for the forces, without which 
the British quarters cannot subsist, and not favouring the Irish ; which may easily appear by 
the power given to the Commissioners of the Revenue to assess and levy what is assessed 
upon the Irish quarters so far as the same can be levied. And we conceive that those defects 
of the Irish counties with the increase of the assessment will not amount to so much upon 
the British as the ease they have by taking off dry quarter and otlier irregular taxes. We 
pity the nakedness of the soldiers, but they have clothes coming over from England, as we are 
assured by Mr. Rowe's last letter, and yet in the meantime you shall do well to furnish them 
with shoes and stockings during their instant necessity, which must be defrayed by the 

excise or some other way. We have no more at present, but remain." V^ 

Dublin, 28 Oct. , 16^1. 

The Council, writing to Col. Barrow, one of the Commissioners of Reveiiue at Belfast, say: — 

"Since you yourself and Col. Venables are in the Commission with the rest, it will be 
much in your own power to see that the contributions be as well paid in Ulster as it is in 
other Provinces, and that the forces be in equal condition with others ; so that no discourage- 
ment ought to arise to you or the soldiers under your command in that respect. Col. 
Venables proposed to us the destroying and burning of that corn which the enemy in Cavan 
and other places have reserved for seed the next year, and he offers it as a fit means to 
distress and so force the enemy from his bogs and fastnesses. But indeed we dare not at this 
distance interpose our advice in matters of that nature, nor will we give any order in it. 
You best understand how feasible the business is, and how little hazard there will be wasting 
your men, or exposing your other quarters to the incursions of the enemy in attempting it, 
and therefore to your further deliberations we must leave it." 

Dublin, II Nov., id^i. 

In a letter to the Commissioners of Revenue at Belfast the Council say : — 

" For the nameless superannuated Scotch minister you write of, who had ;^20 allowed 
him the last year, if the man be Godly, and you apprehend him a fit object of charity, it is 
left to you to allow him for this year what you shall conceive fitting." 

9 Deer. , i6ji, Dublin. 






76 Old Belfast. 

i-j Deer., i6^i. To Commissioners at Belfast on complaints of Colonels and want of forage. 

" We think fit to let you know that Ulster must bear its own burthen, and if the forces 
there be more than you can pay, a fewer number must serve for the defence of that country 
and carrying on the publick service. 

" E. Ludlow. 

" Miles Corbet. Joseph Jones. John Weaver." 

Council of State write to Commissioners of Revenue at Belfast, 12 Feb. , 16^2, 

"The Isle of Man being now in the obedience of the Parliament, and such parts of 
Scotland as are in possession of the Parliamentary forces, may be freely traded to in all 
lawful commodities ; but in regard of the present scarcity, no wheat or other sort of grain or 
victual must be exported. To be careful of suspicious persons with defective passes from 
Scotland, but to have a special regard to preserve any articles made by any person in 
command for the service of the Commonwealth of England. The capitulation made with 
Balcarras can scarcely extend to leave to come to Ireland." 

To carry on the next summer's campaign in Ulster, there are required — 

154 Tons Meal. 
50 Tons Cheese. 
4000 Complete suits, consisting of cassocks, breeches, shirts, 
shoes, and stockings. 
400 Tents. 
1000 Bibles. 
100 Barrels of powder. 
15 Tons of inatch. 
5 Tons of bullets. 
1000 Pikes. 
200 Pistols. 
300 Firelocks. 
600 Muskets. 
200 Carabines. 
100 Hand Grenadoes. 
100 Spades. 
50 Shovels. 
50 Pickaxes. 
12 Iron Crows. 
4 Iron Tunnes. 
2 Ropes to mount ordnance. 
600 Sacks. 
200 Kettles. 

The pay of the forces for Ulster was ^^700 per month, the revenue only bringing in 
£2^0 ; the balance of ;^46o was respited in the soldiers' pay, till Cavan, Monaghan, and 
Tyrone be reduced and brought under contribution. In Ulster — Tyrone, Monaghan, 
Fermanagh, and Armagh wholly waste, yielding no contribution or profit. 

"It is ordered that the Commissioners of Revenue in the Province of Ulster do take care 
that no Minister within the said Province, except such as have or shall take the Engagement 
enjoined by the Parliament, be permitted to enjoy the benefit of any tithes or of any 
ecclesiastical promotions or maintenance from the State." iS Aug., i6j2. 

N.B. — The Engagement was simply — To be true and faithful to the Commonwealth of 
England, as the same is now established, without a King or a House of Lords. 

4th Sep., 16^2. 

" We are creditably informed that one Cunningham, a minister at Broad Island, hath 
been observed to use a passage in his prayer to this effect — ' Lord, wilt thou be pleased to 
give the whip into our hands again, and thou shalt see how we will scourge these enemies of 
thy people. ' And that the Scotch Ministers do preach as violently against the Parliament 
as ever. And likewise that their gentry do meet together in great numbers, and are very 
close in their consultations. We earnestly desire you would look narrowly into these things, 
and you will use some course for the timely prevention of such numerous and tumultuous 
assemblies of disaffected and discontented people. The Scotch gentry have their meetings 
by 50 or 60 at a time, sometimes under the pretence of hunting. There was lately a great 
meeting of them at Ballymena, where they were quickly housed and not one to be seen in 
the streets." 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 'jy 

To the Commissioners of Ulster. Dated Kilkenny, ^oth October, 16^2. 

" You are to allow every soldier 2s. 6d. in money and seven pounds of oatmeal or six 
pounds of biscuit weekly, or, for want of oatmeal and biscuit, eight pounds of bread. And 
what the oatmeal, biscuit, or bread costs the State over and above nine pence weekly, the 
first penny, adding thereunto the charge of freight, carriage to the stores, field, or garrisons, 
or any kind of waste, you are to charge it on the soldiers' arrears, that the same may be 
discounted accordingly. And if the soldier provides his own bread, you may, instead of his 
weekly allowance, pay him nine pence per week, if you consider it to be to the advantage of 
the service. 

^ V 




ARMS OF KILKENNY. 



" You may, notwithstanding the late proclamation prohibiting the exportation of cattle, 
&c., give licenses for the exportation of hides into England only, and butter, tallow, salmon, 
herrings, and all sorts of fish into England, or any other place, having always regard that 
thereby those commodities be not heightened in their prices to the prejudice of the soldiers 
and the poor inhabitants. 

" All goods exported into England or Scotland must pay excise, salmon and all other 
fish only excepted. 

'• You are not to set the Commonwealth lands for above one year, without special order 
from us. 

" You are to proceed against Popish priests and schoolmasters according to such direc- 
tions as you will find in the qualifications. 

"As to the directions formerly given you concerning the Scottish Ministers, and such as 
principle the people against the present government, we can give you no other rules than 
what we sent you therein, unless there be some proof against them. 

" You are not to suffer any of the officers of the Scottish nation that have borne arms 
against the Parliament, and refuse to subscribe the Engagement, to live within your quarters, 
and that none be permitted to be of Jurys but such as are willing to subscribe the 
Engagement. 

" The persons that have been preyed upon by the Irish are not to be permitted to sue 
for reparation before they subscribe the Engagement. 

"Whereas you desire to know whether the protected Irish, that have lived within your 
Passes these three or four years past, and paid contributions, should be liable to make 
restitution for the robberies committed by their kindred in other counties ; we must and do 
reserve the determination of such cases to the Commissioners for Administration of Justice 
to proceed therein according to Rules of Justice. 

"You are to allow all Prisoners that are not able to provide for themselves three pence 
per day out of the Treasury. 

" We have not leisure to send you the Rules for repairing of British losses, with such 
other laws and declarations as have been made for the Settlement of this Dominion ; but as 
God affords us opportunity, you may expect resolutions to these things. But conceiving it 
to be of importance to the settlement of the country, we have sent you enclosed powers to 
imhead the Creaghts, wherein we pray your particular care in putting the same into execu- 
tion, as you shall find most conduceable to the service." 



78 



Old Belfast. 



THE SCHEME TO TRANSPLANT THE SCOTS FROM ULSTER, 1653. 

Letters between the Commissioners in Ulster and the Government 

IN Dublin. 




N Friday, the ist instant (April, 1653), we came 
to Belfast, where we met Col. Hill, and that day- 
issued a summons for all such as had borne 
arms against the Parliament in England, Scot- 
land, or Ireland, and lived within our quarters 
in that part of Ulster, to appear before us at 
Carrickfergus on Wednesday following, to render 
an account of their so living within the Parlia- 
mentary quarters, and of their affections and 
fidelities to the present Government. 
On Saturday, the 2nd instant, being then at Carrickfergus, con- 
sidering what to do with those who were to appear before us on 
Wednesday following. Resolving, in regard of their great number, 
not to commit any to prison, the several experiments which had been 
fruitless in that kind, but to use all ways of gentleness and meekness 
towards them : we concluding and unanimously agreeing, that there is 
no visible expedient to preserve these parts in safety but by transplant- 
ing all popular Scots into some other part of Ireland, and that it was 
necessary immediately to put this in execution as to the most 
dangerous of them ; and finding them sufficiently averse from the 
Irish, we thought it would as well strengthen your hands against the 
common enemy there as weaken your fears and lessen your charge in 
these parts ; nevertheless, because we had no power to make such a 
resolution but by the last article of our instructions, and because it 
was necessary, if this be practised, that yourselves appoint the place to 
which they should be so transplanted, we did not think fit to publish 
our thoughts in this till we should receiv^e your honour's approbation 
and direction concerning it, which we humbly beg with what speed 
your greater affairs will admit. In the meantime, we have heard what 
they could offer us towards full satisfaction concerning their fidelity 
and peaceable demeanour for time to come, and find them all desirous 
we should trust to security by bond, which we can not think sufficient, 
in regard that if they give us our friends to be bound for them, they 
will not scruple to leave them to be destroyed by us ; if our enemies, 
we suppose such will revolt with them. So then we rather chose for 
present security, till your pleasures might be known concerning 
transplanting the most dangerous, to tender them the engagement, 
which the greatest part of them have signed, but we cannot say out of 
conscientious grounds ; the rest have part of them signed a negative 
paper, which we send enclosed ; some others refuse that and this, and 
will neither promise nor give bond not to disturb the present Govern- 
ment: but we have not imprisoned them, in regard we do not at present 
fear their power, and are not willing to let the rest (towards Derry 
whom we have not yet called) see how far we mean to go. 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 79 

In our observation of the temper of this people, we find that they 
are more or less perverse, according to the temper of their respective 
ministers, and their being planted all together or mixed among 
English and Irish, which are also further arguments to us for their 
transplantation. 

Touching the prevention of correspondence, we thought it necessary, 
before we could make any resolutions thereupon, to view the sea coast, 
which we have already done as far as Cushendun, near Fair Foreland, 
the North East point of Ireland, and find that there are landing-places 
all along the coast, though not one good harbour, except Olderfleet 
haven (which is as good as any in Ireland), and that in two hours they 
may pass betwixt the headland of Cantyre and the coast of Ireland 
between Glenarm and Fair Foreland, so that we judge it impossible 
to prevent correspondence while the Scots are suffered to live along 
the sea coast ; nevertheless, that we might do something towards it, we 
have sent Captain Finicke's company to seize all the boats upon the 
coast, as also to discover and intercept correspondences, likewise sent 
a letter into Scotland to the Governor of Air for his advice and con- 
currence in this matter, and also given some other intimations which 
we send enclosed. 

We intend on Monday our journey towards Derry to try the 
temper of men in those parts that so we may be fitted to give a 
judgment on the whole, which we intend to do in all parts at one time, 
according to the several capacities in which we find persons to be, in 
order to the effectual doing of which, we humbly conceive it requisite 
that those forces about Antrim, bordering on these parts, be in 
readiness to attend anything that may occasionally fall out upon such 
alterations, which may prove to be very little if the business be 
secretly carried, but privacy in your debates of these things, and the 
like care in the sure conveyance of your resolutions to us, will much 
facilitate this work, which if discovered may probably cause great 
disturbance, if not frustrate this whole work. 

We conceive here are at least 300 serviceable saddle horses, besides 
a greater proportion of draught horses, also fit for service, which are in 
persons' hands not fit to be trusted with them, although the respective 
owners have given security to have them forthcoming, which we 
can not take out of their hands, in regard we have not money to pay for 
them, nor know how to keep them for want of forage if we take them 
into our hands, and therefore desire your commands concerning them. 
And all things else we may serve you with shall be faithfully obeyed 
by your honours' humble and faithful servants. 

Carrickfergiis, the gtJi of Aprils 16 jj. 

The Commissioners who wrote this letter were Dr. Henry Jones, 
afterwards Bishop of Meath, Colonel Arthur Hill, Col. Venables, and 
Major, afterwards Sir Anthony Morgan. The Government in Dublin 
immediately had a copy of the proclamation printed, with a list of the 
names of the persons intended to be transported, and sent it down to 
the Commissioners in the North, 



8o 



Old Belfast. 



A LIST OF THE SCOTS TO BE TRANSPLANTED FROM THE 
COUNTIES OF ANTRIM AND DOWN. 



BELFAST AND MALONE QUARTERS. 



Lieut. Thomas Cranston. 
Corporal Thomas M'Cormack. 
Hugh Doke. 
Robert Chigston. 



George Martin. 
Alexander Lockard. 
Robert King. 
Quintine Caterwood. 




WEST QUARTERS OF CARRICKFERGUS. 



John Murrey. 

John Russell. 

John Reade. 

Thos. Young, of Ballynehery. 

John Donelson. 

John Hanna. 

James Reade. 

James Patterson. 

Wm. Biggard. 

George Russell. 

John Homes. 



George Gibson. 

Robert Dickie. 

John Clarke, senior. 

Patrick Martine. 

Richard Cambell. 

Andrew Reade, junior. 

Quarter-Master Archibald Crafford 

Robt. Archball. 

Andrew Wilson. 

Alexander Miller. 



BROAD ISLAND AND EAST QUARTER OF CARRICKFERGUS. 



Hugh Donellson. 
Captain Edmonstone. 
Ensign David Macley. 
Robert Gardner. 
David Harper. 



William Miller. 
John McKergor. 
John Dowgell. 
Matthew Logan. 



ISLAND MAGEE, MAGHERAMORNE, AND BALLYNURE. 



Capt. Robt. Kinkede. 
James Browne. 
Ensign Willm. Stephenson. 
Capt. James M'Cullogh. 



John Blare. 

Willm. Agnew. 
John Agnew. 



SIX MILE WATER QUARTERS. 



Capt. George Welch. 
Thomas Wyneam. 
Capt. Ferguson. 
Lieut. Hewston. 
Lieut. Robt. Ferguson. 
Alexander Pingle. 
Andrew Taggart. 



Quintine Kenedy. 
James Cuthberd. 
John Cowtard. 
Robert Gragham. 
John Cowan. 
Thomas Rea. 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 8i 



Lord of Ardes. 
Capt. James Cambell. 
Capt. Willm. Buchannon 
Teige O'Monney. 
Willm. Crafford. 
John Crafford. 
Brice Crafford. 
John Crafford. 



EARL OF ARDES QUARTERS. 

Mr. Francis Shaw. 
Gilbert McNeile. 
Willm. Sloane. 
George Young. 
John Wilson. 
Peter Young. 
Mr. Arthur Upton. 



Capt. Henry Sibbalds. 
John Davison. 
Capt. John Williams. 
Capt. John Fisher. 
Capt. John McBride. 
Quarter-Master Mitchell. 
Major Clotworthy. 
David Mitchell. 
Ensign John M'Cormett. 



ANTRIM QUARTERS. 

John Wagh, merchant. 
Robert Shannon. 
John Whyte. 

Quarter-Master Ferguson. 
Capt. James CoUvill. 
Lieut. James Lynsey. 
Lieut. James McAddams. 
Gilbert Eikles. 



SHANE'S CASTLE, LARGEE, 

Lieut. -Col. Walter Stewart. 
Lieut. Andrew Adayre. 
Henry Vernor. 
Willm. McCuUough. 
Lieut. James Dobbins. 
Ensign John Bryen. 
Thomas Bollock. 

Matthew Hamele, Leard of Raugh- 
wood. 



AND TOOME QUARTERS. 

Captain Robert Hewston. 

Lieut. Robt. Carr. 

Lieut. James Pont. 

Lieut. Hamill. 

Lieut. Greenshields. 

Ensign Dobbin. 

Lieut. Alexander Cunningham. 

Ensign Robt. Cunningham. 

Lieut. Martine. 



BRAID AND KEART 

Thomas Adair. 

Corporal James M'Cullogh. 

Willm. Hamilton. 

John Sprule. 

Lieut. Paul Cunningham. 

Capt. Willm. Hewston. 

Capt. Thom. Fawebarne. 

Capt. David Johnston. 

James Ewart. 



AND CLENOGHORTI QUARTERS. 

Nimion D unbare. 
Halbert Gledstone. 
Lieut. Arthur Aghmuti. 
Lieut. Willm. Johnstone. 
Major Alexander Adaire. 
Cornet James Browne. 
Cornet John Stewart. 
Adam Johnstone. 



KILLELOGH AND KILMACKUETT QUARTERS. 

Lieut. Mcllroy. 

Capt. Hercules Longford. 

Willm. Norris. 

Willm. Cunningham. 

George Cambell. 



David Kenedy. 

Lieut. Hugh Cambell. 

George (if not John) Gordon, of 

Bowskeagh. 
Lieut. Ervvine. 
Lieut. Anthony Ellis. 



GLENARM BARONY. 



Mr. James Shaw. 
Capt. John Shaw. 
Mr. Donnelson. 
Capt. John Agnew. 
Willm. Greige. 
Randall Bushell. 
James Donellson. 

G 



Capt. Lieut. John Hume. 

James Fenton. 

John Mount Gomery. 

John Shaw. 

James Crumy. 

Francis Agnew. 



82 



Old Belfast. 



ROOTE QUARTERS. 



Major John Stewart. 

Lieut. -Col. Robt. Kenedy. 

Capt. Alexr. Stewart. 

Fergus McDougall. 

John Boyle. 

John Getty. 

Alexander Stewart, senr. 

James Maxwell. 

Capt. Marmaduke Shawe. 

John Henery. 

Cornet Robert Knole 

Willm. Hutchin. 

Alexander Scott. 

Donnel M'Cay. 

Lieut. James Moncrief. 

Robt. Harvey. 

Willm. Spherling. 



Thos. Boyd, 

Sam. Dunbarr. 

Alexr. Dunlapp. 

Adam Dunlap. 

Patrick Glen. 

Major Hugh Mount Gomery. 

Andrew Rowan. 

Angus Cambell. 

Cornet John Gordon. 

Captain John Hewston. 

Lieut.-Col. Cunningham. 

John Kidd. 

Lieut. Arch. Cambell. 

Mr. John Peebles. 

Mr. Cartaret. 

Capt. John Robbinson. 

Quarter- Master Robt. Stewart. 



John Johnstone. 
Thos. Abernethy. 
James Carr, of Arteslone 
James Johnston. 



COLERAINE QUARTERS. 

David Wilson. 
Robert Fulton. 
Andrew White. 



CA.STLEREAGH, KILIORHNI, AND LISNEGARVY QUARTERS. 



Corporal Gilbert Matthews. 
John Streane. 
John Cowtard. 

LORD OF ARDES' QUARTERS 



James Gragham. 
John Cowan. 
Thomas Rea. 



Lord of Ardes. 

Capt. James Cambell. 

Capt. Willm. Buchannon. 

Lieut. Hugh Dundas. 

Capt. John Keath. 

John Mountgomery, of Movill. 

James Mo well. 



W^illm. Catterwood. 

Mr. Willm. Shaw. 

Fergus Kenedy. 

Capt. Hugh McGomery. 

Mr. Hugh Mountgomery. 

Lieut. John Wilson. 

Lieut. Andrew Cunningham. 

Lieut. McDowell, of Comber. 



James McConchy. 

LITTLE ARDES, GRAY ABBEY, AND LISBOROUGH QUARTERS. 

Capt. Magill. 
Gilbert Harran. 
Robt. Rosse. 



John Parke. 

Lieut. John Mumpeny. 

James Maxwell. 



Lord Claneboy. 

Lieut. Gawen Hamilton. 

Capt. John Bayly. 

Lieut. Hugh Wallas. 

James Ross, senior. 

Wm. Hamilton, of the Rowe. 

Mr. George Rosse. 

James Hamilton, of Ballyme- 

gonnnn. 
Patrick Allen. 
James Rosse, junior. 
Gawen Hamilton. 
Capt. Alexander Stewart. 
Wm. Hamilton, junior. 



LORD CLANEBOYE'S QUARTERS. 

John Steephenson. 

Nimion Pate. 

Lieut. Edward Baylye. 



Francis Purdy. 

Capt. John Steephenson. 

John Barkley. 

Quarter-Master Edwd. McKee. 

Ensign James Cooper. 

Lieut. Robt. Cunningham. 

Lieut. Carre. 

Captain Mathew Hamilton. 

Capt. Collin Maxwell. 

David Williamson. 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 8 



LEGALE QUARTERS. 



Lieut. Hugh Mountgomery. 
Lieut. Launcelot Greere. 
Lieut. Thomas Lynsey. 
Lieut. Wodney. 
Lieut. John Reynolds. 
Capt. John Wool. 



James Stewart. 
John Dunbarr. 
John Tennent. 
James Porter. 
Stephen Major. 
John McDowell. 



A List of the persons delivered by the Scottish Agents for the Counties 

of Down and Antrim, and desired to be dispensed with 

for their removing. 



Quintine Caterwood. 
John McKergor. 
Capt. Geo. Welch. 



Capt. John Williams. 
Capt. John McBride. 



BELFAST QUARTERS. 

I Alexander Lockai'd. 

BROAD ISLAND QUARTERS. 

I David McLay. 

SIX MILE WATER QUARTERS. 

I Lieut. Hevvston. 

ANTRIM QUARTERS. 

Ensign McCormack. 
John Wagh. 

SHANE'S CASTLE QUARTERS. 

Capt. Robt. Hewston. 



KILLELEAGH AND KILMAKEWET QUARTERS. 



David Kennedy. 
Lieut. Cambell. 



John Boyle. 
John Getty. 
Alexr. Scott. 



James McConchy. 
John Montgomery. 
Capt. Willm. Buchanan. 



John Gordon. 



GLENARM QUARTERS. 

John Shaw. 

ROOT QUARTERS. 

Anth. Kennedy. 
Andr. Kenan. 
Mr. Carcart. 

LORD OF ARDES' QUARTERS. 

Lieut. Hugh Dundas. 

Lieut. Geo. Nowell. 

Lieut. Andrew Cunningham. 



Gilbert Haron. 
Robt. Maxwell. 



LITTLE ARDES QUARTERS. 

Lieut. John Mompeny. 
Lieut. John Wilson. 

LORD CLANEBOYE'S QUARTERS. 



Lieut. Gawin Hamilton. 
Lieut. Hugh Wallace. 
Quarter-Master McKee. 
Capt. Math. Hamilton. 



David Williamson. 
Lieut. Andw. Carre. 
Lieut. Robt. Cunningham. 



LEGALE QUARTER. 
Lieut. Thomas Lyndsay, 



84 Old Belfast. 

THE REPLY OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE TO THE 
COMMISSIONERS, 13 APRIL, 1653. 

The first thing you propound is the transplanting of such popular 
men in those parts, of whose dutiful and peaceable demeanours you 
have no assurance, unto some other part of Ireland where their 
influence may not be prejudicial to the Commonwealth. Wherein, 
after serious consideration, we do fully agree with you that the thing 
is desirable, if you judge it may be done without such disturbance in 
the country as may raise the expectation of the Irish for some issue 
to their advantage. 

The places into which we conceive they may with safety to the 
Commonwealth, and advantage to themselves, be removed are parts of 
the Counties of Kilkenny, Tipperary, and Waterford. The Decies, 
in the County of Waterford, and such other parts of that county 
where they may with security inhabit. How this may effectually be 
put into execution, we leave to you to determine and prosecute as you 
shall apprehend to be most practicable with least noises. We 
cannot see but it must be either by securing the persons of the men 
until their families and stocks be removed, or by taking security by 
bonds from them to remove by a day appointed. And to the end 
they may not apprehend their removal to be of prejudice to them, you 
may give them assurance that they shall enjoy the benefits of their 
estates and farms from whence they remove for this year to come, 
they employing persons to manage the same of whose fidelity to the 
Commonwealth you receive assurance. 

To this the Commissioners for settling Ulster write from Derry, 
24.th April, 1653. 

We entered into the consideration of Conditions to be held forth to 
such as should be transplanted which might induce them to under- 
take the thing willingly, and so prevent all occasions of disturbances, 
and thought it adviseable to offer. First, That valuable consideration 
might be allowed in land for the lands, leases, and houses of such as 
should be transplanted, according to their respective interests. 

Second, That they may hold such lands till this time two years 
without cess or contribution, and be allowed what timber is necessary 
either for building or repairing old houses. 

The same to be allowed out of the CominonwealtJi s Woods. 

Third, That they may enjoy by their agents the profits of their 
lands they now possess here till November next. 

Approved of. 

Fourth, That we engage, if they require it, to take off all their corn 
now upon the ground, being made into meal and delivered into the 
store at the market price, and pay the money to them where they 
shall desire. 

Approved of. 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 85 

Fifth, That convoys be allowed to them, and licences to keep arms 
for their defence. 

Sixth, That they may choose their own ministers, provided they be 

such as are peaceably minded towards those they live under, and not 

scandalous. . ^^ , ^ 

Approved of. 

Seventh, That such as have not titles to land shall have leases of 

so much as they can stock at a valueable rent. ^ ,, , . 

^ Approved of. 

Now in regard of the great weight of this affair, we resolved not to 
declare these conditions, or proceed in it any farther, till we should 
receive your Honours' approbation of these, or directions concerning 
other conditions, which we humbly beg with all possible speed, in 
regard of the nearness of the expiration of our commission. 

We have here met with one Lieut. Hamilton ("who formerly took 
the Engagement, and was since in arms against you at Worcester), 
whom we have secured and intend to send him to Dublin, together 
with one Major Graham (who formerly betrayed a Castle of ours to the 
enemy), to be disposed of as your Honours shall think fit. We find 
this town a place of very great strength, and might easily be made 
well nigh impregnable. We have some thoughts of transplanting 
some of the Scotch inhabitants into some of the towns of the South, 
if we can find fit grounds to hold out for their removal, their number 
being at present almost equal with the English, which we judge very 
dangerous to be allowed. In which we also crave your further 
directions, and humbly remain 

Your Honours' humble and faithful servants, 

Robt. Venables, Arthur Hill, Henry Jones,. 
WiLLM. Allon, Anthony Morgan. 

Londonderry, 2^ April, i6^j. 




GATEWAY, WALLS OF DERKY. 



(The Parliamentary Commissioners in Dublin then printed fa 
proclamation, dated at Carrickfergus 23rd May, 1653 ; omitted here, 
as it is given in Reid's History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland^ 
2nd ed., vol. ii.. p. 178.) 



S6 Old Belfast. 

Letter of the Ulster Commissioners. 

Right Honourable, 

In pursuance of what was formerly presented unto you, 
our Commission being determined to give you by one of our number 
this following account of our actings, in the further observance of your 
instructions for the settling of Ulster. 

Upon Adjutant-General Allen and Major Morgan's departure 
(finding that some time would be elapsed before the Declaration could 
be printed and sent to us) the enclosed paper was agreed upon and 
signed by us all, to be sent by us that stayed here with all speed into 
the several Quarters, to the end that no time might be lost in hasten- 
ing the transplanted to make choice of their Agents to attend yours in 
order to their future removal, which was accordingly executed, and 
the transplanted met at the place appointed before the Declaration 
came to us, which we received the 5th instant, upon consideration 
whereof it was not thought fit to publish the same for these ensuing 
reasons. 

First, Because of the great mistake of the printing the names. 

Secondly, Because we would take all occasion from any [by 
variation or transposition of matter from that which we had formerly 
held forth unto them] to suggest unto the rest [who are too ready to 
lay hold on any colourable pretence to misrepresent our actions] that 
we had in the least differed from our former papers. 

Thirdly, Because if the Declarations had been issued as soon as 
received they would have added nothing in furtherance of the work 
intended, being they contain no new matter save only the preamble. 

Fourthly, Because they could not be sent and divulged into the 
several Quarters before the day appointed for the return of their final 
answer in choosing and instructing of their Agents for the purpose 
aforesaid, which was appointed to be the 7th. 

Lastly, Because we had received some information from their 
meetings of their averseness to remove, to which we had formerly 
hopes they would have been more pliable, and so conceived that they 
might give occasion to make some alteration in what was already 
intended to be declared. Upon the 7th and 8th instant, the Agents of 
both Counties attended us for passes, which we accordingly granted 
them. 

Those of the County of Antrim gave us to understand that they 
could not possibly take their journey for want of money in regard the 
Transplanteds left them before a collection could be made : Wherefore 
to further their despatch we were necessitated to borrow £40, which 
we have delivered unto them, and humbly desire that you would be 
pleased to issue your warrant to the Commissioners of the Revenue to 
levy the same equally upon the Transplanteds that the same be 
repaid accordingly to Col. Venables' orders, that so we may be dis- 
charged of our engagement for the same. 

During the time these Agents attended us, some gentlemen of 
both Counties [being more desirous to choose and conclude for them- 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 87 

selves than by Agents] desired passes from us to attend you to that 
purpose, which we accordingly granted them. Their names and 
petitions signed will be delivered with this unto you. If more shall 
desire the same we shall readily agree to afford them passes, because 
we conceive it may much further the work intended by begetting a 
better understanding in those that are left behind in your good 
intentions towards them, when they shall perceive others beside their 
Agents return satisfied, and fully agreed with you for their future 
residence. By all that hitherto we can see, either into the humours of 
these people or the issue of this business, we do not yet find that 
there will need much force or further threatening to render them con- 
formable, so they may be satisfied in the ensuing propositions. 

First, That the places they go to inhabit be free from infection, 
and probably secure from Tories and enemies. 

Secondly, In regard that many of them are of mean conditions, 
they desire they may be left to choose their own landlords in any of 
the two provinces, by whose just dealing and countenance they may 
have hopes to live with the less oppression and disturbance. 

Thirdly, That if they contract for the State's lands their Contribution 
may be included in their Rent, that so they may be at a certainty. 

Fourthly, That they may have such terms for years of the places 
that they go to possess as may probably render them and their posterity 
gainers for the present hazard and great charge they are at in 
removing, and planting of the waste they go to possess. 

Fifthly, That those that have free holds or considerable leases of 
value may not be forced to surrender their evidences or transfer their 
rights until they have legal assurances made unto them of what they 
receive in exchange. 

Sixthly, That they may enjoy the profits of their estates that they 
leave behind [paying contribution out of them as they now do] until 
the places exchanged with them be so planted as may render them a 
future livelihood, which is conceived cannot be less than one year after 
November next. 

These things being accidentally discoursed with us by several of 
them, and considering that these being added to what are formerly 
proposed, they are but what we should propose for ourselves if we were 
in their case. We have presumed to offer them to your consideration, 
believing that if you find them fitting to be consented to, and reserve 
them as concessions of favour from yourselves, with what other things 
•of that kind may occur, all obstructions will be removed as to the 
general transplanting. Except in some few particular cases, which, by 
reason of age, sickness, or other necessary impediments, cannot remove 
without apparent ruin to their persons or fortunes. 

And further, you will beget in the hearts of these people such an 
understanding of your good intentions towards them, beyond all what 
they have heard or thought of you, as that we are persuaded you will 
within a twelvemonth more leave few here that will not be willing to 
go faster (it may be) than you would have them. We have one thing 
more to add for their encouragement, and also the State's advantage 



88 



Old Belfast. 



(as we conceive), which is, that all the land that is set them be set by 
the acre, that if you include the contribution in the rent, you do (after 
the first year's freedom) the next year reserve very little more than 
the contribution comes to, and so increase your rent yearly for two or 
three years after until you come to such a rent as you find fit for the 
State to receive for their whole time, and them to pay with respect to 
their future comfortable subsistence and well-being. 



THE 
E X P E R I E N CD 

ANGLER: 

I OR, 

I ANGLING IMPROV'D. 

BEING 
. A General Difcourfe 

|anglim,g 

I Imparting the Aptcft Ways and 

I Cljoicefl: Experiments for the ta- 

I'' kingofmoft lorts of F^ SH in rW 

or River. 



1 By Col. ROBERT FEX.mLKS. 

■ .The Fifth Edition much Er-t.nyjd. 

' LONDON, 

Printed hyB. w. for BTooke-, nt the SiAv 

in St. Pauls Cburch-yard, and 7%o. S.m- 

hridge at the tlirce Floner de Luces 'ii\j- 

. little^r;V.n;;.MDCLXXXIII. ' 



PAC-SIMILE OF TITLE-FAGE OF " THE EXPERIENCED ANGLER," BY COLONEL ROBERT VENABLES. 

This business is in our thoughts of that weight (and presume in 
yours also) in respect of the future planting of these parts with 
English, and thereby securing of the same, that we cannot pass by the 
convenience that may ensue upon the premises if the ends aforesaid be 
obtained by them. 

First, You displant these here without noise or clamour. 

Secondly, their ministers will probably follow. 

Thirdly, Whereas you have proposed these certain places to dwell 
in, neare and in a manner contiguous, you disperse them further 
asunder by giving them way to settle in any places in the said 
Provinces as aforesaid, and so render their conjunctions less powerful 
in opposition at any time against the State. 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 89 

Fourthly, You will assuredly find after the first year profit by their 
removal, for they will then in rent and contribution be content, 
according to the goodness of the land, to pay yearly for their wastes 
(which it may be in 7 years would not be inhabited) much more than 
the contribution they paid here comes to. 

But, If these people [notwithstanding the concessions afforded] 
shall still prove refractory, we conceive then no other means but force 
will render them comformable. In order to which we humbly offer 
that whom you think fit may be empowered, upon the return of their 




ARMS OF MUNSTER. 



Agents, to call all these Transplanteds to one place, that there it be 
demanded who are willing to remove by a time prefixed and who not. 
That those that signify their consents give assurance of performance 
by a prefixed time ; that those that refuse be imprisoned, and sent into 
Leinster and Munster to be secured, without disturbance to their 
families or prejudice to their estates, that so all may see that nothing 
is intended by their removal but present and future security. 

As these parts suffer very much by closing of the ports, in order to 
their trade with Scotland, which we conceive cannot with safety to 
your affairs here be opened until these things be brought to an issue 
one way or another, for the trade into England and alongst the Coast 
also is exceedingly obstructed by some Pirates which lye upon these 
harbours. 

They came lately into this Road, and soon after took two vessels 
loaden with corn and meal, bound for Connaught, out of the harbour 




ARMS OF CONNAUGHT. 



90 Old Belfast. 

of Oulderfleet, which by composition [upon licence granted to the 
purpose] were rescued again. A third was taken coming from 
Colraine, and a fourth, being one of the poor men's barques that was 
recovered in Donegal, and laded with meal for Ballyshannon, was 
taken and sunk bv them because she had no lading in her, so that if 
your Honours do not speedily cause some swift vessell of good force 
to come into these parts, to secure the passage betwixt England and 
this place, trade will be utterly at a stand. Riches vessel is now at 
Ayr, and if she were here she is too small to deal with these, and, 
indeed, if they have courage to set upon her, and have sail enough 
to reach her, she will be in hazard of taking. 

In order to your commands of the 14th of May orders are issued for 
the listing and appraising of all serviceable horse ; it will be a work of 
time before it be exactly done ; as soon as it is effected, care will be 
taken to return you a perfect list, according to instructions. There 
were some gentlemen nominated and sworn for the appraising of the 
horses lately bought in these parts, who have petitioned to be satisfied 
for their pains and expence in attending that service, and in regard we 
have no command of the Treasury here, we beseech your directions 
concerning the same to the Commissioners of the Revenue. We make 
bold to remind you of what had been formerl}' offered concerning a 
Packet Boat between these parts and Soctland ; with what hath been 
herein presented we leave to your consideration, and rest 

Your Honours' 

Most humble and faithful servants, 

R. Venables, Art. Hill, H. Jones. 

(Trin. Coll. Dub. F. 3. 18.) 
Carrickfergus, June /^, /djj'. 

The next that we find upon the subject is the following letter from 
the Government at Dublin to the Commissioners in Ulster : — 

Right honourable. 

In obedience to the order of reference of the 21st inst. to 
us and others directed for receiving and debating such papers and 
proposals as should be offered concerning the Scotts, or by the Scottish 
Agents concerning the intended transplantation of the Scotts out of 
Ulster, and in order to the settling and securing of that Province, and 
for reporting of the same to your Honours with our opinions there- 
upon : Upon considerations had of the whole matter we humbly offer 
the proceedings, and our sense therein as followeth. That the 
necessity of that work of transplantation appearing, we confine our- 
selves to the debate of the manner how it was to be effected. 
Particularly with respect had to the places whither, the time when, 
the persons who, and the conditions under which those were to be 
removed. The Agents for the Counties of Antrim and Down being 
called before us, and we having heard what was by them offered 
concerning every of these particulars. 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 91 

First, For the place whither they were to be transported the said 
Agents excepting the County of Waterford as over remote, and in 
general to the places mentioned in the former proposals as over much 
limited, desiring rather to be therein left at large, and to their own 
choice : Upon debate it was concluded — 

Firstly, That of the Counties formerly proposed the County of 
Waterford should be excluded in favour to the transplanted, yet in 
further favour to them (and at the request of the said Agents) reserv- 
ing to any of the Scotch merchants of the transplanted (who should 
require it) liberty to reside in and trade in the City of Waterford. 

Secondly, That such of those who are to be transplanted and 
provided for on the account of the Commonwealth, according to the 
former proposals, shall be disposed of in the County of Kilkenny and 
Tipperary according to the said proposals. 

Thirdly, That all of those who are not to be provided for by the 
Commonwealth as aforesaid, and to be transplanted, should be left to 
their liberty for taking land from any proprietor in the respective 
Counties of the Province of Leinster, respect being had to their 
numbers in every said County. 




ARMS OF LEINSTER. 



Second, For the time when to be transplanted. It being insisted 
upon by the Agents that it should be deferred until the next year, the 
season of the year for such a work being now (as they said) elapsed. 
And it being debated and considered that the giving them the time 
desired was to give opportunity and time for their designs in the 
interhn as occasion should be offered, and that therein they might 
have the opportunity for disappointing the intended security of the 
Province of Ulster, consisting (probably) in their removal. And if 
what was to be herein done were not speedily effected, the season of 
the year would be altogether elapsed as to their accommodations. 

It was therefore concluded : — 

Firstly, That the 15th of August next shall be the time limited for 
the removal of the persons in Ulster thereunto nominated. 

Secondly, That the families of those persons so removed as afore- 
said shall also remove out of Ulster to the places appointed them in 
Kilkenny and Tipperary, or to the places chosen by them in Leinster 
as aforesaid, by the first of November next following. 



92 • Old Belfast. 

Thirdly, As to the persons who should be removed. The said 
Agents offered the names and petitions of several whom they con- 
ceived not fit to be removed, which, being taken into consideration, it 
was resolved : — That the names of the list last sent by the Com- 
missioners for the settling of Ulster should stand for the present, and 
that the persons mentioned in the papers delivered by the said Agents 
of Down and Antrim, together with the petitioners mentioned, should 
be referred to Col. Venables, and to such as he shall think fit to 
consult withal, who arc to consider what is to be done therein accord- 
ing to the rules to be given them in it. This to be expressed in a 
letter to Col. Venables to that purpose. Also, on the reading of the 
Lord of Clandeboy's petition concerning his not removing, it was 
resolved that nothing therein appeared for altering that formerly 
ordered for his removal out of Ulster. As to the conditions on which 
those persons were to be removed : It was resolved that their con- 
cessions in the printed paper of the 23rd of May, 1653, should be 
insisted upon as to the matter, yet leaving to the said Agents the liberty 
of offering in writing, which they further desired in pursuance of the 
former, who thereupon tendered their following proposals : — 

First Proposal. We desire that, instead of exchanging our estates 
with any in this country, we may have liberty to dispose of them to 
well-affected English in the North, and may have freedom to chuse 
lands here where we can bargain with greatest advantage. Consider- 
ing which, the first head in this proposal is granted, provided that the 
persons to whom the lands in Ulster shall be so disposed be such as 
shall be approved by Commissioners of the Commonwealth, or whom 
they shall appoint. The next head in this proposal, concerning liberty 
for the making choice of lands in Leinster, was formerly granted. 

Second Proposal. We humbly desire two years' freedom from con- 
tributions from May next, being the soonest we can enter into the 
country husbandry. Concerning this, resolved : That it be offered to 
the Commissioners of the Commonwealth that two years' freedom from 
contribution be given, beginning from May last past. 

Third Proposal. We desire freedom from subscriptions and oaths 
for ourselves and ministers. To this is answered : That it is not our 
practice to force engagements upon any contrary to their consciences. 

Fourth Proposal. That our wives and families may enjoy half our 
houses till May next, with liberty to dispose of corn and fodder for the 
wintering of cattle. For this we referred ourselves to that before 
resolved concerning the time of removal. 

Fifth Proposal. That we may have liberty to assign our debts 
warrantably to some who have taken the engagement, that they may 
be recovered for our enablement to plant in this country. In this they 
are referred to the practices in England in such cases. 

Sixth Proposal. We do desire that we may have the use of this 
year's fallows and dunged lands we have in the North, paying by the 
acre for them at the rate of the rest of the land. This is granted. 

Seventh Proposal. That our horses shall not be taken from us. 
Granted equal freedom with the English. 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 93 

Eighth Proposal, That those of our number resolved to drive 
trades by land or sea, vvc may have all the freedom and immunities 
other subjects have. This granted in respect to trade. 

Ninth Proposal. That we be provided in arms for our necessary 
defence in the places we come to, and that the protectors bordering 
upon our plantations may make up what goods shall be taken from us 
by robbers or stealth. P'or this they shall be allowed their arms, and 
the same care shall be taken of them as of the Protestant English. 

Tenth Proposal. That after November next no quartering of soldiers 
be upon our families. For this they shall be in the same condition as 
other English Protestants. 

Eleventh Proposal. We are likewise required by our instructions to 
desire that so many servants and tradesmen whom we can persuade 
to come along with us may have the benefit of the conditions granted 
to ourselves. And our servants to be compelled to come along with us. 
This granted. 

All which the before-mentioned, being the substance of our debates 
with the said Agents in this thing and our sense in it, we humbly 
offer to your Honours, with this our further opinion in the whole 
matter. 

That such of those who are to be transplanted as aforesaid who 
shall refuse to remove contrary to orders therein given shall be 
declared delinquents, and be proceeded against accordingly to the 
securing of their persons, and sequestrating and confiscating their 
estates. Dated joth of June, i6^j. 

Charles Coote, Hierome Sankey, Anthony 
Morgan, Wm. Allen, Hen. Jones, Phil. 
Carteret, Rich. Lawrence. 

Order touching the Scotts in Ulster. 

Upon consideration had of the reports made unto us the 30th day 
of June, 1653. By virtue of reference of the 22nd of the same month 
to Sir Hardress Waller, Knt. ; Sir Charles Coote, Knt. and Bart. ; Col. 
Hierome Sankey, Col. Richard Lawrence, Col. Daniel Axtell, Col. 
Robt. Barrowe, Dr. Henry Jones, Col. Sadleir, Adjutant-General 
Allen, Major Morgan, and James Standish, Esq., or any four or more 
of them, for receiving and debating such papers and proposals as should 
be offered concerning the Scotts, or by the Scottish Agents concerning 
the intended transplantation of the Scotts out of Ulster, and in order 
to the settling and securing of the Province, and for reporting the same 
unto us, with their opinions thereupon, which they having done 
accordingly, with respect had to the places whither, the times when, 
the persons who, and the conditions on which these persons were to 
be removed. 

It is ordered (First) for the places whither they are to be trans- 
planted. That of the Counties formerly proposed, the County of 
Waterford shall be omitted in favour to the transplanted, yet, in 
further favour to them, reserving to any of the Scottish merchants 
of the transplanted who shall require, a liberty to reside and trade in 



94 Old Belfast, 

the City of Waterford, they first promising under their hands in writing- 
that they shall not act nor do anything to the prejudice of the 
Commonwealth of England : And that such of those who are to be 
transplanted and provided for on the account of the Commonwealth, 
according to the premised proposals made at Carrickfergus the 23rd 
May, 1653, by the Commissioners appointed for the settling "and secur- 
ing of Ulster shall be disposed of in the Counties of Kilkenny and 



/ popr-tAipse \ 




AKMS OF CITY OF WATERFORD. 



Tipperary according to the said proposals, and all others who are 
not to be provided for by the Commonwealth as aforesaid, and are 
to be transplanted, shall be left to their liberty for taking land 
from any proprietors in the respective Counties of the Province of 
Leinster, respect being had to their numbers in every of the said 
Counties. 

Secondly, That the times for the persons named in the list for to 
be removed out of Ulster into the places before-mentioned shall be 
at or before the first of November next : And that the respective 
families of those persons so removed as aforesaid shall also remove out 
of Ulster to the places appointed in the Counties of Kilkenny and 
Tipperary, or to the places chosen by them in Leinster as aforesaid, at 
or before the 15th of April now next ensuing. 

Thirdly, That as to the persons who shall be removed, the names 
in the lists hereunto annexed, last sent by the Commissioners for 
settling of Ulster, shall stand. And that the persons mentioned in 
the papers now delivered by the Scottish Agents for the Counties of 
Down and Antrim, together with the petitions concerning persons not 
to be removed': And the consideration of any other persons in the said 
list mentioned shall be referred to Col. Robert Barrowe, Col. Robert 
Venables, Major Francis Bolton, Major Daniel Redman, and Capt. 
Bickerstaffe, or any two or more of them, who shall be and are hereby 
authorised to dispense with the removal of such persons in the said 
papers, petitions, or list mentioned as they or any two or more of 
them shall judge to be unfit to be removed in regard of age, sickness, 
or other impotcncy of body, and of such other persons in the list 
mentioned as they or any two or more of them shall judge fitting to 
be dispensed withal for their removing aforesaid. Provided that the 
said dispensation be not extended to any person or persons that 
contrived, counselled, aided, or assisted the siege of Londonderr}', then 
defended by the English forces under the command of Sir Charles 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 95 

Coote, now Lord President of Connaught, nor to any person or 
persons that counselled, acted, aided, or assisted the removal of Col. 
Monk from his command in the County of Louth or the Province of 
Ulster. Nor to any person or persons that have acted, councelled, 
aided, or assisted in the war against the Parliament of England, their 
army or forces. 

Fourthly, As to the conditions on which those persons are to be 
removed. It is ordered that the Commissioners, in the printed paper 
of the 23 of May, 1653, held out by the said Commissioners for the 
settling of the Province of Ulster, shall be and are hereby ratified and 
confirmed : And in further favour to the persons to be transplanted, 
and in answer to the proposals delivered by the Agents aforesaid, it is 
also ordered : — 

First, That they may have liberty to dispose of their respective 
estates in the Counties of Down and Antrim, respect being had to the 
qualifications under which they do fall in the Act, entituled an Act for 
the Settling of Ireland : Provided that the persons to whom the lands 
in Ulster shall be disposed, and the conditions on which the said lands 
shall be disposed, be such as shall be approved by us, or whom we 
shall appoint. 

Second, That from May last past they shall have two years' 
freedom from contributions for the waste lands on which they shall 
plant. 

Third, To that by them desired, that they be freed from sub- 
scriptions and oaths, we declare it is our principle, and (we trust) the 
Lord will enable us to make it our practice, to use all tenderness to 
tender consciences. 

Fourth, That the wives and families of those who are to be trans- 
planted as aforesaid shall enjoy the benefit of their houses wherein 
they now are until the 15th of April next ensuing, and to dispose of 
their corn and fodder for the wintering of their cattle. 

Fifth, As to their desire for the recovery of their debts. Those 
that do actually remove shall have liberty to receive their just debts, 
notwithstanding their not taking the Engagement, such persons first 
obtaining a license from Col. Venables, under his hand, to dispense 
with the taking the Engagement in order to their suing for their 
debts. 

Sixth, For such lands as are fallowed and dunged this }'ear. The 
benefit whereof shall be granted for the next crop. 

Seventh, Whereas they desire that their horses may not be taken 
from them. They shall be therein in the same condition with the 
other English. 

Eighth, That such of the persons to be removed as aforesaid who 
shall trade by sea or land shall have, in relation to trade, the same 
freedom and immunities with other English, they first promising, 
under their hands in writing, that they shall not act or do anything to 
the prejudice of the Commonwealth of England. 

Ninth, Whereas they desire that arms be allowed them in the 
places to which they remove, and that the protected Irish bordering 




96 Old Belfast. 

upon them may make up what goods shall be taken from them by- 
robbery or stealth. It is declared that the same care shall be taken of 
them as of English Protestants. 

Tenth, To that desire of theirs, that after November next there 
should be no quartering of soldiers on their families. They shall be 
for that in the same condition with the English Protestants. 

Eleventh, As to the tenants of the persons so removing, and to 
tradesmen who shall be willing to go along with them. Such shall 
have the benefit of the same conditions granted to the persons in the 
same qualification with them respectively : And as for compelling their 
servants to remove with them (which they desire), they are therein left 
to the law in such cases. Diiblin, the ijtJi July, i6^j. 

C F. E L. M C. J J. (Charles Fleetwood, Edmund 
Ludlow, Miles Corbett, John Jones.) 

(Order Book. A. 8/j.. Bermingham Tower.) 

Reply to Sir Robert Adair's Petition, 12 July, 1653. 

]PON reading- the petition of Sir Robt. Adaire, Knt., setting forth his 
good and faithful services in England and Ireland, and desiring the 
benefit of his estate in Ireland, and. that the same might be freed 
from sequestration, according to the favour held forth in the Parlia- 
ment's declaration unto such who have since the Battle of Dunbar, 
on the 3d of September, 1650, deserted Charles Stuart, and not borne 
arms since against the Parliament. And upon a perusal of a certificate from 
the Commissioners lately appointed for the settling and securing of Ulster, to whom 
the examination of the Petitioner's allegations and delinquencys was formerly 
referred. It appearing that the said Sir Robt. Adair hath been very serviceable 
formerly to the Commonwealth of England, and suffered much for his faithfulness 
and affections to the same. And further, that he was a Colonel in the Scotch army 
at the time of the engagement at Dunbar with the English forces, but by reason of 
some indisposition of body was not at that fight, nor did serve afterwards amongst 
them, but his regiment was then given unto Major-General Massey; and that he 
hath ever since, for ought appeared unto them, lived peaceably without acting 
any thing to the prejudice of the Commonwealth. It is upon consideration of the 
whole matter thought fit and ordered That the said Robt. Adaire be and is hereby 
permitted to enjoy his said estate in Ireland, and to receive the rents, issues, and 
profits thereof until further order, paying contribution and other publick duties : 
and the Commissioners of the Revenue where the said estate lyeth are to see this 
order duly observed and made good unto him accordingly. Whereof they and all 
others whom it may concern are to take notice." 
Dublin, 12 July, idjj. 

C. F : E. L : M. C : (Charles Fleetwood, Edmund Ludlow, 
Miles Corbet), Parliamentary Commissioners for 
managing affairs in Ireland. 

Dublin, ijfh July, 1653. 
" Ordered, that a packet boat be settled for the conveying of intelligence 
betwixt the Province of Ulster in Ireland and the Town of Ayr in Scotland, and 
that Col. Robt, Venables and the rest of the Commissioners of Revenue at Belfast 
do order the same, as may be most for the advantage of the public." 

" It is ordered that it be referred to Col. Robt. Venables and Col. Robt. Brown, 
jointly and severally, to consider bow trade in the small ports between Ulster and 
Scotland may be opened without prejudice to the publick, and likewise of fit 
persons to be by them appointed, who are hereby authorized to give Licenses unto 
such persons as they shall conceive to be of honesty and integrity to trade with 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 97 

their ships and goods between any port of Ulster and Scotland, and to pass and 
repass without molestation. Such persons so trading to give good security to land 
their goods and merchandise in some of the Parliament's Garrisons and not else- 
where, and to return certificates from the Governors of the Garrisons where the 
goods are landed." 

5 August, 1653. 

In Aug., 1653, the Council write to Venables and Col. Barron, desiring them 
to consider the various ministers in Ulster, to certify the names of such as may be 
peaceable and well aftected to the Connr.onwealth, what maintenance they receive 
and from whom, where they reside, so that the Government may dispose of them 
equally for the most advantage of the Gospel, and that fitting encouragement and 
allowance may be settled upon them for their pains. 

The Council of State, writing to the Commissioners of Revenue in Ulster, 
Sept., 1652 : — 

"The wild course of life which the Irish practice in Greats which doth yield 
most relief to the enemy, we therefore desire that all Greats may be broke, and 
fixed in families living apart in convenient quarters where they may till the 
ground, &c." 

To Col. Venables. Dublin., 21 October., J^SS- 

"We desire you, with all convenient speed, to send up the Original Surveys of 
Cavan, Fermanagh, Donegal, Tyrone, and Antrim (you so happily met with) by 
some trusty hand, close sealed or locked up. And in y'' meantime that you keep 
them as private as you may, and suffer no copies to be taken of them. And as 
often as you shall meet with any papers of that nature we think fit they should be 
immediately conveyed unto us : for such papers were collected at publick charge, 
and are most useful to the Commonwealth." 

C F. EL. M C. J J. (Charles Fleetwood, Edmund Ludlow, 
Miles Corbett, John Jones), Council of State Privy Council. 



Letter from the Lord General Cromwell. 

To the Rt. Honble. the Lord Deputy and Council in h-elaiid. 

My Lord and Gentlemen, 

We having taken into consideration the inclosed 
petition of Sir Robert Adaire, with the certificate of General Monk 
concerning his faithful adhering to the Parliament and his good 
service in Ireland, we do think fit that the accounts of the arrears of 
the said Sir Robert for his service in Ireland be stated, and debentures 
given him for the same. And we desire you to give order for the 
speedy doing thereof accordingly, That so he may be put into an equal 
capacity and forwardness to receive satisfaction out of the lands in 
Ireland with others who served in the same service. 



We rest 

Your loving friend, 

Oliver P. 

Whitehall, March 22., J 6^4. (No. 46, f. 10^, Bewiiugham Tower.) 

H 



-98 



Old Belfast. 




OLIVER CROMWELL, 1599-1658. 

Answer to the preceding Letter. Dubiin Castle, 6 Feb., 1655. 

The answer is perhaps too long to copy out in full : it acknowledges the receipt 
of Cromwell's letter, and says the Council referred it, with Adair's petition, to the 
Commissioner of Accounts, who replied that Adaii-'s delinquency in fighting against 
the Parliament at the battle of Dunbar obstructed the payment of the debenture, 
which amounted to the large sum of ^1,968, equivalent to 9,843 acres of land in 
Ulster ; and as the lands of Ulster will scarcely satisfy the claims of the army, the 
Council consider that the debt is postponed by Adaire's act of delinquency, and 
they therefore respite the delivery of the debenture till they shall receive his 
Highness's further pleasure. 

(From entries of Letters to the Lord Deputy and 
Council. No. 21. A. 30.) 



To the 



Right Honourable 



the Cojiunissioners of the Commonwealth 
in hxland. 
Gentlemen, 

We formerly recommended unto you the case of Major- 
General Monroe, that the sequestration might be taken off his lady's 
jointure in Ireland, and that he might be permitted to enjoy the same. 
But he hath represented unto us that the sequestration is still con- 
tinued, and himself detained at Dublin, to his great charge and 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 99 

prejudice. These are to signify to you that we have received such 
good satisfaction concerning him, and his resolution to Hve peaceably 
and to be true and faithful in the interest of the Commonwealth, that 
we could not but tender his present condition, and do therefore think 
fit that the sequestration be forthwith taken off from his wife's jointure, 
and he permitted to enjoy the same without any restraint of his 
liberty, and remain 

Your loving friend, 
Whitehall, 18 April, 16^4. OLIVER P. 




ARMS OF GALWAY. 



Order to Commissioners at Belfast, May, 1634, 

" Whereas there is an occasion for the landing of provisions by sea for the supply 
of the forces in the precinct of Galway, It is therefore ordered that the Com- 
missioners of the Revenue at Belfast do forthwith appoint such person or persons 
as they shall think fit to impress such vessels as shall be sufficient to perform the 
aforesaid service, allowing for the same the usual rate of State's pay. And all 
officers of the Admiralty, and all other officers military and civil, to be aiding 
therein. Dublin, §ih May, 16^4.'' 




CITY OF GALWAY, 1651 



General Monroe's Petition, May, 1634. 

The Council to Commissioners at Belfast, the Lord Protector having written to 
the Council in favour of Major-General Monro in regard of the estate he claims in 
right of his wife, sequestrated, demand to know why and wherefore, so that they 
may reply to Oliver P. 18 May, 16^4. 



loo Old Belfast. 

Write on same date to General Monk, stating they had received an order 
from Cromwell. 

" Which order is of so public concernment, that albeit we are ready to give it all 
due observance, nevertheless, having reasons to believe it was obtained through 
undue suggestions, and assuring ourselves that your employment in Ulster and 
engagements against the Scotts renders you capable of a fuller understanding of 
the demerits of the Major-General, and of his acting against the Commonwealth's 
interest in Ireland (which probably occasioned his sequestration), we desire you, 
in order to publick good, to certify unto us your knowledge concerning the Major- 
General aforesaid, that we may be able to undeceive where it is likely his 
delinquency has been misrepresented, and so proceed further thereupon as shall 
agree with public justice." 

Dublin^ iS May, 16^4. 

Commissioners of Surveys of lands to return the Crown lands, bishops' lands, 
and in the Precinct of Belfast, comprising the Counties of Down, Antrim, and 
Armagh, were Col. Arthur Hill, James Quayle, Richard Bickerstaffe, Tobias Norris, 
Hugh Lloyd, Wm. Cunningham, Richard Francklin, and Hugh Harrison, Esqs. 

Ordered that Mr. Jeremy O'Quin do forthwith repair to the town of Athy, and 
do exercise his gifts in the work of the ministry there, and at such places adjacent 
where he shall judge his pains may tend most to the advancement of the Gospel. 
And that he do examine and inform himself of the progress of the Word in those 
parts, and after some time return an account of his proceedings therein. May jr, 
1654. 

Ordered the Commissioners of Revenue at Belfast are to assign and let out to 
Mr. Wyke, minister, a portion of the lands of Dromore, formerly the demesne of 
the late Bishop of Uromore, not exceeding one hundred acres, and to make a lease 
thereof to him for the term of seven years. Aug. 2, 16^4. 

In Commission of the Peace for the County of Antrim : — 



Arthur Lord Chichester. 
Sir J. Clotworthy, Kt. 
Robt. Venables. 
Robert Barrow. 



Arthur Hill. 

Philip Pincheon. 

The Mayor of Carrickfergus. 

George Rawdon. 



The oath sworn before the Judge or Clerk of Assize : — I, A. B., do, in the 
presence of Almighty God, promise and swear that I shall, according to my best 
skill and knowledge, well and truly execute the office of a Justice of the Peace 
within the County of during the time I shall be continued in the said office. 

So help, &c. 

1655. {Orders and Coiinnissio7is. A. 26.) 

Parliamentary Civil List, 1655.— Belfast District. 

Schoolmasters. 

Thomas Hasleam, Lisnegarvey, ... ... ... ;^40 

John Cornwall, Belfast, ... ... ... 20 

John Smith, Carrickfergus, ... ... ... 20 

Civil Officers, Precinct of Bel/as', iiicluding tJie Counties 
of Armag/i, Down, and Antrim. 

John Tuttle, Receiver of the Revenue, ... ... £^^0 

His Clerk, ... ... ... ... 30 

John Leithes, Storekeeper at Charlemount, Trooper's Pay. 

Daniel Boote, Storekeeper at Carrickfergus, ... 40 

Mr. Thomas Morrice, Muster Master, ... ... 127 & 

Tobias Norrice, General Charge of Stores, ... ... 100 

John Preston, Master of the Packet boat, ... ... 100 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland, ioi 



Elizabeth Mulcaster, Nurse to the Hospital at Belfast, one 

shilling per day. 
John Daniel Shonbul, Surgeon, 4s. per day. 

Custom Officers. 

Roger Linden, Collector at Carrickfergus, 
Willm. Hill, Checque, 
Edwd. Grant, Surveyor, 
Hercules HiUman, Waiter, 
Willm. Bennet, Waiter, 
Robt. Brerely, Collector at Donaghadee, 
Roger Crimble, Checque, 
Anthony Ballard, Waiter, Larne, 
Edward Sanders, Waiter at Glenarm, 
Jas. Bickerstaff, Waiter at Roote, 
Willm. Aplin, Waiter, Groomsport, 
Henry Davis, Waiter, Strangford, 
Simon Spier, Waiter at Belfast, 

Pensioners. Precinct of Belfast, 

Elinor Atkinson, per week, 

John Cooley, 

Arthur and Martha Connely, 

Thomas Rogers, 

Kath. Cosbrooke, 

Elizabeth Hudson, 

Isabel Sumervil, 

Grizel Shepley, 

Eliz. Kingley, 

Amabell Higgins, 

Eliz. M'Laughlin, 

Francis Hooper, 

Turlogh O'Lon, ;/^5 per annum. 



£i^o 






40 






30 






18 


5 





18 


5 





30 






20 






18 






18 






18 






18 






18 






18 






lOS. 






2 


6 




C^ 














2 






n 


6 




10 






2 






2 






2 






3 


6 





Teig O'Hara's Case, gih March, i6ss- 

Teig O'Hara, Esq., took advantage of an Ordinance of the Lord Protector, 
dated the 2 of September, 1654, admitting Protestant delinquents to compound for 
their estates, and the lands, amounting to 1,850 acres, worth ^269 yearly in 1640, 
deducting chief rents, amounting to ^23 6 8. ;i^245 13 4 allowed to compound at 
two years and six months' purchase, amounting to ^614 3 4. For his personal 
estate, valued at ^{^38, he is allowed to compound for ^8, the whole amount of his 
composition being ^622 3 4, to be paid in the manner following : — ^207 7 9 in 
May, 1655, 3-nd the like sum on 2nd March, 1656 ; on 12 August of the same year, 
^207 7 10 ; the last sum and such sums being paid, the estate " shall be from 
henceforth freed and discharged of and from all manner of sequestrations, confisca- 
tion, or forfeiture for and in respect of any delinquency in the same Teig O'Hara." 
gth March, i6sS- 

Col. Barrow, Col. Trayle, and Mr. Timothy Taylor appointed to receive the 
names of such as may be presented to them as persons qualified to preach the 
Gospel, and being satisfied that they are pious, holy, gracious men, fitly qualified 
for publishing the truth of the Gospel, and of sober, peaceable spirits, they are to 
return the names to the Council, and if approved of, such ministers shall be 
provided with a comfortable and sufficient maintenance, g May, i(>55- 

Scotch Ministers returned by Colonel Trayle. 20 Nov., i6jj. 

Upon consideration had of the return by Lt. Col. Trayle and Mr. Timothy 
Taylor, minister, touching the Scotch ministers in the Province of Ulster, and of 



I02 



Old Belfast. 



the report made of the chief officers of the army thereupon : It is thought fit and 
ordered that the allowance of Fifty Pounds be paid out of the Publick Treasure to 
the respective ministers, mentioned in the annexed schedule, on the 25th of 
December and 25th of March next. 



James Gordon. 
John Drisdaile. 
Patrick Adaire. 
Robert Cunningham. 
John Gregg. 
Gilbert Ramsay. 
Thomas Peebles. 



William Richardson. 
Andrew Steward. 
Gabriel Cornwall. 
Thomas Hall. 
Gilbert Simpson. 
William M'Cormick. 
William Jack. 



Being in all the number of fourteen, and living in the Counties of Down and 
Antrim. 

Commissioners of Revenue at Belfast are to take notice and prepare warrants 
accordingly. 

20 Novr., 1635. 




"■"^ '>-».-''■ 



THE CONVERSION OF THE OLD CHURCH IN HIGH ST. INTO THE "GRAND CITADEL," 165I. 



Feby., 16^6. 

The Council having reed, a communication from Col. Cooper commanding at 
Belft., and the petition of Love Bure, &c., of Belfast, referred all the papers to his 
Ex. Lord Henry Cromwell, Commander-in-Chief of his Highness' forces in this 
Nation, to act as he shall think meet in giving orders about sleighting the fort in 
Belfast, and restoring the meeting place to the inhabitants there. 

From Entries of Orders of References upon Petitions. (A. 11.) 

Upon reading the petition of Archibald Adaire, praying the orders of this 
board to require the Registrar General to deliver unto the petitioner a debenture 
in his custody, which he obtained for the arrears of his deceased father. Sir Robert 
Adaire, Kt., for his service in Ireland. And upon consideration had thereon, and 
of a letter of his Highness, and the former orders of this Board in the case : 
forasmuch as it appears that the said Sir Robert Adaire was actually in arms and 
engaged against the Commonwealth at the fight in Dunbar in Scotland, and by 
the rule of the Act for stating the arrears for services in Ireland— It is provided that 
such as have revolted from the Parliament and turned to the enemy shall lose the 
benefit of their arrears due before such revolt, and for that the said debenture was 
respited in the hands of the Clerk of the Council, by order of this Board, for the 
reason aforesaid. It is though fit and ordered, That the Clerk of the Council do 
forthwith cancel the said debenture, and certify the same into the office of the 
Commissioners of Accounts, that notice may be taken thereof accordingly. Dated 
at the Council Chamber in Dublin 2 February, 1636. 

T. H., C.C. (Thomas Herbert, Clerk of the Council.) 



The Commonwealth and the North- of Ireland. 103- 

The Council write to Col. Arthur Hill and Major Rawdon and Timothy 
Taylor, minister of Carrickfergus, stating that the 27 Feb. had been appointed to- 
be solemnly kept as a publick day of thanksgiving throughout the nation on account 
of the Protector's escape from assassination, and that the day was very slightly 
observed by the Scotch ministers in Ulster, though at present under salary from 
the Civil list ; to inquire who those ministers were, and the places where settled,, 
and certify the same to the Council. Date 24 Marc/t, i6j6. 

"Ordered, that the respective ministers hereunder named, being fifteen in 
number, are appointed to preach the gospel in tjie precincts of Londonderry and 
Belfast, in the several and distinct places as to their several names hereunder is 
annexed, or elsewhere, in any other vacant place in the said precincts, where they 
may respectively conceive their labours may be most conducive to the advancement 
of the Gospel ; and for their pains and care therein to receive the yearly salary of 
one hundred pounds a-year, to commence from the 25 of March last, and to- 
continue till further order. Whereof the Clerk of the Council is to take notice- 
and cause their names to be entered in the Civil List." Dublin Castle, ijt/i May,. 
1656. 



James Gordon, at Comber. 


Pat Adair, at 


Camcastle, 


Jno. Drysdale, 


Portaferry. 




Garden. 


Jno. Gregg, 


Newtown. 


Rob. Cunningham, 


Braid. 


Gilbert Ramsey, 


Bangor. 


Gab. Cornewall, 


Balliwoolen. 


Thos. Feeble, 


Kirkdonnell. 


Thos. Hall, 


Larne. 


Wm. Richardson, 


Killileagh. 


Gilbert Simpson, 


Ballyclare. 


Andw. Steward, 


Donaghadee. 


Wm. Jack, 


Aghadowey 


Andw. McCormick, 


Magheralin. 


Donald Richmond, 


Hollywood. 



Ordered that the sum of ^10 be allowed for and towards the demolishing the 
fort at Belfast, and bringing the guns and other provisions thence to the Castle of 
Carrickfergus. 28 May, 16^6. 



The quarter's salary for Belfast ministers, appointed to be paid by Thos. 
Tuttle, the Collector, due 20th June, 1656. 

Timoth. Taylor, Carrickfergus, 
Essex Digby, ) j^ ,r . 
Willm. Dix, ( l^ellast, 

Andrew Wike, Lisnegarvey, 

James Kerr, Ballymoney, 

Thos. Johnson, Dromore, 

Jeremy O'Quin, Billy, 

Thos. Skelston, Newry, 

Pat Duncan, Hillsborough, 

Willm. Fullerton, 

Dan. M'Neile, Ballycastle, 

Robt. Ecklin, Strangford, 

Willm. Moore, Knock and Breda, 

James Watson, 

John Walwood, Glenavy, ... 

Hugh Graflfan, 

Andrew Law, Dundrum, ... 

James Gordon, Comber, 

John Drisdaile, Portaferry, 

John Gregg, Newtoune, 

Ant. Buck worth, Magheralin, 

Gilbert Ramsey, Bangor, 

Thom. Peebles, Kirkdonnell, 

Will. Richardson, Killileagh, 

And. Stewart, Donaghadee, 



- Z50 





30 




.30 




?,! 


10 


30 




25 




25 




25 




20 




20 




20 




20 




12 


10 


12 


10 


10 




6 


5 


12 


10 


25 




25 




25 




15 




25 




25 




25 




25 





£2s 
25 
25 
25 
25 

25 

25 
25 



104 Old Belfast. 

And. M'Cormick, Magheraly, 

Pat Adaire, Garden Castle, 

Robt. Cunningham, Broad Island, 

Gabriel Cornwall, Bally woollen, 

Thos. Hall, Larne, 

Gilbert Simpson, Ballyclare, 

Will. Jack, Aghadowey, 

Donald Richmond, Holy wood. 

Ministers' Widows, half a-year's salary. 

Order of References on Petitions. 

Upon reading the petition of Arthur Lord Viscount Chichester, setting forth 
that by means of the late Rebellion the woods near his residence have been 
destroyed, that through the many garrisons which have been continually on his 
estate most of his buildings have been demolished, and therefore prays a quantity 
of timber out of the Commonwealth woods to rebuild his houses withal. It is 
thought fit and ordered that the petitioner be hereby permitted to have a portion 
of timber out of the woods in the County of Londonderry as belong unto the 
Commonwealth for the aforesaid use, provided the same exceed not one hundred 
trees. 

Col. Newbrough appointed to see the same. No timber near a navigable river 
useful for shipping be taken. Lord Chichester paying for the trees such prices as 
Col. shall conceive them to be worth. Council Chamber, Dublin, 15 Jii^y-, ^6j6. 

For our right triistie and right well beloved our Councel in Ireland. 

Right trustie and welbeloved, 

A peticion hath been exhibited unto us by Wilham 
Spencer, setting forth that being but seaven yeares old att the 
beginning of the Rebelhon in Ireland, hee repaired with his mother 
(his ffather being then dead) to the Citty of Corke, and dureing the 
Rebellion continued in the English Quarters. That he never bore 
Armes or acted against y"" Common Wealth of England ; that his 
Grandfather, Edmond Spencer, and his ffather were both Protestants, 
from whom an estate of Lands in the Barony of ffermoy and County 
of Corke Descended on him, w'^^- dureing y^ Rebellion yielded him 
Little or nothing towards his releife. That y^ s'^- Estate hath been 
lately given out to the Souldiers in satisfaction of their Arreares onely 
upon the accompt of his pTessing the Popish Religion, W^^- since his 
comeing to yeares of discretion hee hath as hee professes utterly 
renounced. That his Grandfather was that Spencer whoe by his 
writings touching y*= reduction of y'^ Irish to Civilitie brought on him 
the odium of that Nacon, and for those Workes and his other good 
Services Oueene Elizabeth conferred on him y' Estate, w'^^- y- said 
Wm. Spencer now claimes. Wee have alsoe been informed y' y^ 
Gentl is of a civill conversacon, and y' the extremitie his Wants have 
brought him to have not p'vailed over him to put him upon indirect 
or evill practices for a lively hood. And if upon inquiry yo" shall 
finde his case to be such, Wee judge it just and reasonable, and doe 
therfore desire and authorize you y' hee be forthw'^ resstored to his 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 105 

estate, and that Reprisall Lands be given to y^ Sould''^ elsewhere. In 
y^ doeing wherof Our satisfaccon wilbe y^ cjreater by y^ continuacon 
of that estate to y^ yssue of his Grandfather, for whose eminent 
deserts and services to y*^ Common Wealth y' Estate was first given 
him. We rest 

Your loveing Freind, 

Oliver P. 

WJiitehall, zyth March, 16 jj. 




ARMS OF CORK. 



From the Civil List of Ireland, 1657. (A. 2060.) 



Precinct of Belfast. Ministers. 

Gilbert Simpson, Ballyclare, ... ... ^loo 

William Jack, Aghadowey, ... ... loo 

Donald Richmond, Hollywood, ... ... ico 

Barnham West, Kilwarlin, ... ... 120 

James Thelfall, Kilmore, ... ... 100 

Cuthbert Harrison, Shankill-cum-Lurgan, ... 100 

Thos. Crawford, Donegore, ... ... 100 

John Barnes, Dromcree, ... ... 100 

Robt. Hamilton, Killead, upon Sir John Clotworthy's 

presentation being allowed of, 100 

Clinton Maud, Antrim, upon the like presentation, ... 100 

John Jones, Seago, ... ... 80 

Robt. Huetson, Rathfriland, ... ... 120 

Henry Levingston, Drumbo, ... ... 100 

David Fearfull, Drumkad, ... ... 50 

Robt. Hogsyeard, Ballirashane, ... ... 100 

David Buthel, Ballymena, ... ... 100 

Anthony Kennedy, Templepatrick, ... ... 100 

John Douglas, Braid, ... ... 100 

John Fleming, Bally, ... ... 100 

John Ayton, Tynan, Co. Armagh, ... ... 100 

James Shaw, Carnmoney, ... ... 100 

Willm. Milne, Isle of Magee, ... ... 100 

Francis Reddington, Upper Feagh, ... ... 100 

Anthony Shaw, Ballywalier, ... ... 100 

Michael Bruce, Killinchy, ... ... 100 

John Shaw, Machrishohell, ... ... 100 

James Fleming, Glenarm, ... ... 100 

Robert Denner, Connor, ... ... 100 

Willm. Swalden, Carlingford, ... ... 100 

Edward How, Charlemount, ... ... 80 

31 at /loo each for the precinct of Derry. 



io6 



Old Belfast. 



Schoolmasters. 



Thomas Hasleam, Lisnegarvey, 
John Cornewall, Belfast, 
John Smith, Carrickfergus, 
John Newtone, Downpatrick, 
Ralph Davenport, Antrim, 
Lawrence Svvarbreake, Lurgan, 
Donnagh O'Dowda, Ballycastle, 
George Savage, Armagh, 



i^4o 
30 
30 
20 

30 
20 
20 
30 



Civil Officers. 

Robert Bridges, Collector of Revenue for the Counties of 

Down, Antrim, and Armagh, ... ... ^100 

Thomas Norris, Muster Master, ... ... 127 

John Preston, Master of Packet Boat, ... ... 60 

Rich. Johnson, Storekeeper at Carrickfergus, ... 40 



Officers of Customs. Belfast. 



Simon Spier, Waiter, 
Thomas Hodgkinson, 



Pensioners. 



Elinor Atkinson, ... los per week, 

John Cooley, ... 2 6 

Thos. Rogers, ... 2 

Arthur and Martha Connolly, 20 between them, 

Izabell Sommervill, ... 10 

Elizabeth Kingley, ... 2 

Hanniball Higgins, ... 2 

Eliz. M'Laughlin, ... 3 6 

Turlogh O'Lon, 

John Dan. Shonbull, ... 10 

George Portus during his continuance at Ballyhurbert, 

Robert Montgomerie, 



£18 
18 



^26 
6 10 

5 4 



52 
26 

5 
5 
9 

5 
26 

30 
12 



4 

4 



" To our Right Trusty and dearly beloved Brother Henry., our Lord Lieutenant 

of Ireland. 

" Right trusty and dearly beloved brother and Councellor, our Lord Lieut, of 
our Realm of Ireland, we greet you well. Whereas humble suit hath been made 
to us by Sir Timothy Tyrrill, who married the daughter of the late Archbishop of 
Armagh, for a lease of lands in Ireland, a matter sometime depending before our 
late deceased father of blessed memory. We having taken the same into 
consideration, with the regard we have to the memory of the said learned 
Archbishop, we think fit, and do accordingly recjuire you to suspend in the hands 
of the said Sir Timothy Tyrrill the two next gales of rent for the lands he holds of 
us in Ireland. And for your so doing this our Letters shall be to you a sufficient 
warrant and discharge in that behalf. Given at our Court at Whitehall \\\&Jirst of 
March, 1638. 

" Your affectionate brother, 

"Richard P." 

The Lord Deputy and Council having taken Mr. James Shaw's petition into 
consideration, therein setting forth that he hath exercised his ministry in Cam- 
money, in the County of Antrim, for two years past, and praying a competent 
maintenance while he preaches the word there, as also the certificate of Mr. John 
Hart and Mr. John Drisdaile, ministers of the Gospel, who represent that the said 



The Commonwealth and the North of Ireland. 107 

Mr. James Shaw hath been tried by his brethren of the ministry, and is found to 
be well qualified, not only in respect of his learning, but of piety and sobriety as 
becomes a minister of the Gospel. It is thought fit and ordered that Mr. Shaw 
may have salary of ;{^ioo per ann. as long as he continues to preach to the 
inhabitants of Carnmoney. ij March, i6j8. 

In the petition of Col. Arthur Hill in the behalf of the Lord Chichester and 
himself, praying leave to transport (import) thirteen tons of lead, duty free, for their 
own use. It is ordered that, pursuant to an Ordinance for the encouragement of 
Adventurers to plant in Ireland, Col. Arthur Hill is permitted to transport the 
quantity of thirteen tons of lead, the same being to be landed together at Carrick- 
fergus without paying any customs or other publick duty. 

Dublm, March^ 1638. 

Wm. Petty, Clerk of Council. 



Reference upon Petitions. {A. 



I5-) 



" Lord Deputy and Council, 

" Upon consideration of the petition of the merchants and 
inhabitants of Belfast, praying relief against the irregular and undue practices of 
the officers there employed by the Farmers of the Customs. Ordered that the said 
Farmers now in Dublin have a sight of the petition, and they are to take the 
matter complained of into consideration, and to take care that the petitioners have 
every redress therein as shall appear to be just and meet. And the said Farmers 
are likewise to have regard that for the future the petitioners receive no needless 
disturbance or any just cause of complaint." Dated 2§ June, 16^8. 

Thomas Herbert, Clerk of the Council. 



Upon consideration had of the humble petition of Mr. John Drisdaile, of 
Portaferry, in the County of Down, and Mr. Robert Cunningham, minister at 
Broad Island, in the County of Antrim, setting forth that the five ministers here- 
under named are tried and approved of for holiness, and of conversation and 
abilities to discharge the work of the ministry in a good measure, as also are men 
of a peaceable disposition, and therefore praying that for their encouragement in 
the Lord's work they may be received into salary. They are ordered to receive 
;{^ioo a-year each, and to be placed in the following places :— 



Anthony Shaw, Ballywalter, Down. 
Michael Bruce, Killinshy, Down. 
John Shaw, Machrisohell, Antrim. 
jojufte, 1638. 



James Fleming, Glenarm, Antrim. 
Robt. Denner, Connor, Antrim. 



{A. gi. 



Bermi7tghain Towe''.) 



The Comns. of Revenue to provide a house for Claudius Gilbert while 
preaching in Dublin. /^J9, February. 

Essex Digby. It is referred to the Committee for approbation of Ministers to 
appoint one for Belfast in room of Essex Digby, removing to the parishes of 
Gheashill and Ballycoman, in the King's County. 18 March, id^g. 



Orders in Council, jo Novr., i6jg. 

Quaker books consigned to one Samuel Claridge found on perusal to have 
an erroneous untoward spirit, denying external reverence to magistrates, con- 
temning and disgracing ministers as antichristian, not ministers of Christ, but 
dumb dogs, priests, and hirelings ; expressing much bitterness against learning, 
maintaining perfection and freedom from sin in this life, also Popish and other 
tenets contrary to sound doctrine. Books to be detained, not suffered to be 
dispersed. 



io8 



Old Belfast. 



By the Council for the Government and Management of Affairs 

IN Ireland. 

Upon consideration of the petition of Patrick Adaire, Minister of the Gospel, 
and the certificate of Dr. Dudley Loftus, whereby it appears that the said Patrick 
Adair, incumbent of the Parish of Cairnecastle, hath no more left unto him for his 
maintainance, according to the valuation made on the return of the Commissioners 
for visiting of parishes in the County of Antrim, than sixty-three pounds per ann. 
And for it appears by certificate of James Standish, Esq., that there was paid to 
the said Mr. Adaire the sum of nine pounds, and no more, as addition to his 
allowance for the year ending the first of May, 1659, so as there remains due to Mr. 
Adair the sum of twenty-eight pounds to complete his salary of one hundred 
pounds for the said year, and also thirty-seven pounds for the year ended the first 
of May, 1660, making in all three score and five pounds. It is therefore ordered 
that John Price, Receiver, do issue and pay unto the said Patrick Adair the sum of 
sixty-five pounds. And for so doing, this, together with his acquittance, shall be 
sufficient warrant ; and for the future the salary of the parish of Carnecastle must 
be made up one hundred pounds, the yearly salary allowed to Patrick Adaire. 
Dated at Dublin the igth day of May, 1660. 

Broghill, Charles Coote, \Vm. Bury. 




SILVER SALVER, TRINITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN, THE GIFT OF CLAUDIUS GILBERT THE VOUNGEK. 





COAT OF ARMS ON JOHN COKRY S SlI.VEIi TANKARD 

account of 3obn Corr^, J'rceman of Belfast, 

1054. 

By the Right Hon. the Earl of Belmore, G.C.M.G., &c. 

OHN CORRY, who was admitted on the ist July, 
1654, as a " m' ffree of the staple" of Belfast on the 
payment of a fee of £2 os. od., is believed to have 
been an immigrant into Ireland from Scotland, but 
at what period is not known. In an old MS. 
(from Sir W. Betham's collection) entitled, 
History of the Co. Fermanagh, zvith the antient 
families of the same, written 17 18-19, &c.,* now 
at Thirlestane House, Cheltenham (in the catalogue at p. 238, No. 
13,293, Betham A/SS.), we find it stated that — 

" The family of Corry was formerly remarkable in Scotland for 
their vallour, by y^ frequent wars, which sometimes happened betweene 
England and Scotland ; and beareth in their Coate of Arms, 'Argent 
a sal tire Couped, Gules, etc' " 

In The Historical Families of Dumfriesshire and the Border 
Wars, by C. L. Johnstone, it is said, at pages 5 and 6 — " The second 
son of Sir William de Carlile and Margaret Bruce was killed at the 
battle of Durham in 1346, leaving one child, Susanna, who was 
afterwards married to Robert Corrie. A charter in favour of his 
brother, William de Carlile, from Robert Bruce, styles him the King's 
sister's son ; and another, dated at Melrose, 1363, from David II., in 
favour of Susanna Carlile and her husband Robert Corrie, calls the 
deceased Thomas Carlile the King's blood relation, and crrants to his 
daughter and her spouse the lands along the southern coast of 
Dumfriesshire, which had belonged to her grandfather. The Corries 
(the name is Celtic for hollow) were the hereditary keepers of the 
castle of Lough Doon in 1306, and a little later, owing to the marriage 
above named, added greatly to their possessions in Dumfriesshire, &c., 

* This MS. is limited to "British families." It is supposed to have been Notes for a History, which 
Dr. Samuel Madden, F.T.C.D., and a Fermanagh Landowner, intended to write. 



no Old Belfast. 

&c," Their estates, which included Gretna, and the ruins of the 
ancient Redkirk and the celebrated I.ochmaben Stone, where treaties 
were signed with the English, extended into Cumberland. " But 
during the fifteenth century the rebellion of the Douglases involved 
Dumfriesshire in a civil war. In 1484 George Corrie took the side of 
the insurgents, and when they were defeated he was outlawed, and 
part of his estates transferred to Thomas Carruthers, a loyal freeman 
of Annandale. His brothers, Thomas and William Corry, for some 
time retained a portion of the family lands, but subject to constant 
forays on the part of their neighbours ; and in spite of numerous 
lawsuits they could get no redress. Yet Thomas Corrie, of Kildwood 
and Newbie, was of sufficient importance to be appointed in 1529, 
with the King's treasurer and two Scottish knights, an arbiter in a 
family matter between the Earls of Eglington and Glencairn. He 
married a daughter of Lord Herriot." 

In the long run the Corr}'s appear to have lost or parted with their 
landed possessions, and probably took to commerce. In 1639 one 
" John Corrie" was the Provost of Dumfries. He may possibly have 
been the father of the subject of this note. 

As far as any record remains, John Corry, the merchant of Belfast, 
had an only child James, who, as he was in his 62nd year in 1695 
(the date on a picture of him by Pooley, now at Castlecoole), 
must have been born in 1633 or 1634. John Corry's wife's name was 
Blanch, as shown by a Chancery Bill of 1656 — Jennett Petilla alias 
M'Cully V. John Corry and wife, and Hugh Eccles and wife ; entered 
29th August — and it is said in the above-mentioned Bethain MSS. 
that " Coll" James Corr}'es mother was of the family of Johnston, 
who derive themselves from the Marquess of Annandale in Scotland" 
{i.e., from his ancestors). From the allegations of the Chancery Bill, it 
appears that the plaintiff's son, one Archibald Moore, deceased, had 
been of Lisnegarvy, now Lisburn, and that John Corry and his wife 
had been " of a long and familiar acquaintance with her son" (whose 
widow had married Hugh Eccles).* This makes it appear probable 
that John Corry had originally settled at Lisburn. 

There is an entry in TJie Toiun Book of Be/fast, p. yy, without date, 
but probably of 1656, which shows that John Corry was residing there 
at that time ; and this is followed by an engraving of his penny 
token. 




In 1656 he purchased an estate known as the Manor of Coole, 
in the Co. Fermanagh, from the representatives of an Englishman, 
Mr. Arthur Champion, M.P. for Enniskillen, who had lost his life in 
the Rebellion of 1641, and who had purchased the property in 1639 

* P'ide History of the Corry Family, by the Earl of Bilniore, pp. lo, ii, 12. 



Account of John Corry, 1654. in 

from Captain Roger Atkinson, the original Patentee, subject, however, 
to a lease of it to Atkinson and Edith his wife, for the lives of both 
and of the longest liver of them. 

John Corry appears to have come to reside in Fermanagh soon 
after acquiring his estate there. He had purchased with a defective 
title, and disputes had twice to be compromised ; once with an English 
creditor named Pembridge ; and again with a nephew of Arthur 
Champion, of the same name. Mr. Corry was appointed a Commis- 
sioner for levying subsidies in Fermanagh 8 November, 1662, and 
on the 14 November, 1662, a Justice of the Peace for the Counties 
of Fermanagh and Cavan. He served as High Sheriff for Fermanagh 
in 1666. 

It is supposed that Mr. Corry settled some of his relations about 
him. A Mr, Laurence Crawford was, according to the BctJiain MSS., 
his nephew. This gentleman, whose name appears amongst those 
inhabitants of Fermanagh who were attainted by King James H.'s 
Parliament of 1689, resided close to Castlecoole until 1731, successively 
at Cavancarragh, Bonnybrooke, and Carrowmacmea, or possibly in 
that part of the old townland of that name now known as Cloghtate. 
It is not certainly known who his father was ; but there seems to be 
grounds for supposing that he was the son of William Crawford, of 
Ballymenagh, Co. Antrim, gent, of whose effects Mr. Corry took out 
Letters of Administration in 1661, for the benefit of his widow, Ann 
Pibles, alias Crawford, and her children. If this Ann were John 
Corry's sister, she must have had a former husband. Mr. Crawford 
himself appears to have been a gentleman-freeholder on a very 
moderate scale. But of his descendants (Crawfords) eight have been 
High Sheriffs of Fermanagh. 

Besides the Crawford family, there was another family of Corry 
settled in Carrowmacmea. There is an unexecuted counterpart of a 
lease of that townland at Castlecoole from John Corry, gent., to James 
Corry, gent., dated 1662. Whether James and John were brothers, or 
more distant relatives^ cannot now be determined. But there is every 
reason to suppose that they were related. The site of James's house 
has been included in Castlecoole demesne since 1763. James had a 
son John, who died in 1703, and who had three sons, mentioned in his 
will, dated 13 November, 1701, viz., Alexander, James, and Charles. 
Alexander had gone in His Majesty's service to Jamaica, and does not 
appear to have ever returned; James married, 8 April, 171 1, 
Margaret, one of the daughters of Laurence Crawford before- 
mentioned, and had John, b. 171 1-2; Laurence, b. 1713-4, who 
having m. Ann Welsh, d. 1799 — leaving James (who was probably the 
person who, by his wife Sarah, had Laurence, b. 1794), and Alexander 
(of Carrowmacmea), who d. 183 1, aged y6, leaving Alexander, who 
emigrated to America about Anno domini, 1835; Robert, b. 171 5; Alex- 
ander, b. 1 7 16, who was probably father of Alexander, of Kill}mure, 
who d. 1834, aged 62 ; Leslie, b. 1719 ; and another child, b. 1720. 
Charles may have been the father of Charles and William Corry, to 
whom Col. John Corry, of Castlecoole, made bequests in 1721. John 



112 Old Belfast. 

Corry, of Carrowmacmea, had a daughter Ann (who married Wilh'am 
Nixon, 22 April, 1701). He himself married Ann Irwin, "a 
widdow," on the 14 April, 1697.* Probably Captain Robert Corry, 
who was killed at the battle of Newtownbutler, was his brother. It 
seems more likely that he and his father,f or perhaps a brother, were 
the James and John Corry who, in 1689, signed the address from 
Enniskillen which the Rev. Andrew Hamilton took over to King 
William and Queen Mary, than Capt. James of Castlecoole and his 
son John ; as Captain James, at any rate, was apparently in England 
in July and August, 1689 ; though it is possible that his son either 
remained in Ireland or soon returned to it ;+ whilst John of Carrow- 
macmea, in his will, bequeaths arrears of pay due to him by the 
King, which looks as if he had been in the garrison at Enniskillen. 
His will is witnessed by John Corry the younger of Castlecoole, and 
William Crawford, which points to a relationship of the parties. 

To return to John Corry of Castlecoole. It is not known when 
his wife died ; but no mention of her is found after 1656. His son 
James married Sarah, daughter of Oliver Anketill, Esq., of Co. 
Monaghan, in or about 1663-4, being then about thirty years of age. 
He had at least four children by her, viz., Sarah [whether baptised or 
buried is obliterated], 25 Nov., 1666; John, whose baptismal entry in the 
Enniskillen Vestry-book runs thus: — "1667. 8 Janry. Jo: son to 
Capt. James Corry. Bapt:" ; Rebecca, married in 1698 to James 
Moutray, M.P. for Augher ; and Elizabeth, married, probably in 1700, 
to James Auchenleck, who had been attainted by the Parliament of 
1689. It is supposed that at one time Captain Corry resided in 
Enniskillen, very likely in a house next to the Market-house, which 
Michael Cole (afterwards Sir Michael) had leased, 4 Oct., 1664, 
to James Reyd, merchant, for 50 years, at 40 shillings a-ycar, 
and a fine of £1^ ; which lease is now at Castlecoole. This James 
Read was admitted, on the 21st November, 1663, "a free commoner 
and march' of the Staple " of Belfast.§ He issued a penny token at 
Enniskillen, the inscription on which is given in Canon Bradshaw's 
Enniskillen Long- Ago, 0.5 published in the Historical and Arc/i(Sological 
Journal, i8j2.\\ 

James Corry seems to have had a good deal to do with the manage- 
ment of the estates (for there was one also in Monaghan) in his 
father's lifetime, and to have had part of them settled on himself in 
1674, and again as to a moiety in 1679. His father covenanted not 

* The Vestry-book of Iniskeene (Enniskillen) parish, in P.R.O., is the authority for most of the dates. 
The Visitation Returns for Derryvullan is that for the dates of the burials of the two Alexander Corrys. 

t The original James was elected a churchwarden of Enniskillen parish on Easter Tuesday, 21 April, 
1674, as James Corry, the elder, of Carrowmacmea. 

t In a MS. in Trin. Coll., Dub., F. 4, 3, being a list of " such Protestants of Irl: as are lately fled out of 
ye klngd: S:c.," we find " Curry: Ja: fermanagh, W. 3. ch. ; ;£8oo." If three daughters of Captain Corry were 
living in 1689, and accompanied him to England, then we may assume that his son John remained in Ireland, 
as he served their Majesties during the war, as will be seen below. 

§ See The Toiun Book of Belfast, p. 262. 

II On obveise side— TAMES. Reid. MarcH.\NT, with a bell as the symb. Reverse— Y^. INeskilLin. 
1663. with J. R. in centre. 



Account of John Corry, 1654. 



113 



to dispose of more than ^^50 by will, which accounts for there being 
no trace of a Will or Administration. It is not therefore known when 
John Corry died. A silver tankard, bearing his arms, has the hall- 




SILVER TANKARD OF JOHN CORRV, 1681. 



mark of 1681. At this time there was " a chief or " to the coat, which 
shows that John was a cadet of some family, and which was discon- 
tinued in the next century when the connection had become remote. 
James Corry, who had received a commission of Captain from the 
Duke of Ormonde, July iith, 1666, married again in Dec, 1683. The 
Consistorial Court marriage license for " James Corry, Esq., of Dublin, 
and Lucy Mervin, Sp""-'" is dated Deer. 3rd. The lady was daughter 
of Henry Mervyn, of Trillick, and granddaughter of Sir Audley 
Mervyn. In the marriage settlement, John Corry is referred to as 
having reserved power to make a settlement on another wife. In 
a Chancery Bill of 28 May, 1686, he is -referred to as deceased. 

At the beginning of the Revolution of 1688, Captain Corry was 
living at Castlecoole. He was a magistrate of the County Fermanagh. 
When King James's Government resolved to place a garrison in 
Enniskillen, the inhabitants became very uneasy ; and five of them, 
named William Browning, Robert Clarke, William MacCarmick, James 
Ewart, and Allen Cathcart* (afterwards Captain), resolved to refuse 
admittance to the troops, and set carpenters to work on the draw- 
bridge. They sent notice of their determination to the surrounding 
country. Captain Corry, " and indeed most of the inhabitants, w^ere 

* The Bctham MS. (1719-20) at Cheltenham says that Allan Cathcart had been a rich merchant at Ennis- 
killen. He was High SherifiTof Fermanagh, 1704. He was buried at Enniskillen, 1720. 



114 Old Belfast. 

in favour of admitting the soldiers."* M'Carmick went, on Dec. 13th, 
to consult Gustavus Hamilton, of Monea. On his return, he was met 
by a messenger from the Provost, Paul Dane, saying that " Mr. 
Latournall came just now from Captain Corry," and had commanded 
the carpenters to leave off working at the drawbridge, and begged 
that he should send for his brethren, and dissuade them from denying 
the soldiers entrance, and to provide them quarters. The whole 
matter was debated over again. Mr. Hamilton gave his influence for 
defending the town, and preparations for doing so were made, in spite 
of Captain Corry. The latter appears, on the 17th, with Sir Gerard 
Irvine (another magistrate), to have seen Mr. Browning riding into 
the town at the head of a party of horse, to have had him seized, and 
to have threatened to put him in gaol on a charge of bearing arms 
against the Government. This was forcibly resisted by the towns- 
people, who gave the magistrates notice to leave the town, under a 
threat of being put in gaol themselves. Subsequently the latter were 
willing to join in the defence, provided that Sir Gerard Irvine was 
made Colonel of Horse, with Hamilton (who had been elected 
. Governor on the 13th) as his Lieutenant-Colonel, and Captain Corry, 
Colonel of Foot, which would have made him Governor of the town, 
with Thomas Lloyd as Lieutenant-Colonel. This proposal was 
rejected, and, according to Professor Witherow, Capt. Corry soon went 
to England. Probably out of this incident was manufactured a charge 
against him in the 49th paragraph of the Report of the Chichester 
House Commissioners, on the forfeitures in Ireland and King William's 
grants, as follows : — " Butt Inquiring into y*^ merrits of this gentleman. 
It appears to us y' he gave no assistance to the Garrison of Iniskillen, 
that in the town of Inniskillin he Publiquely declared he hoped to see 
all those hanged that tooke up Arms for y^ Prince of Orange, and his 
house was burned in the said Garrison." When this appeared he met 
it by obtaining a certificate, under the corporation seal, and the hands 
of Mr. Letournall, Provost, and Messrs. D. Rynd, Jason Hassard, 
Robert Clarke,-f- Hall, Roscrow, Paul Dane, and John Rynd, that he had 
been very diligent in arming men for his late Majestie's service ; that 
he had raised a very good troop of horse and foot company, and 
mounted and armed many of them at his own expence ; that by his 
encouragement several of his Relations and friends followed his 
example ; that he had furnished the garrison with considerable 
quantities of supplies ; that his house in the garrison was not burnt, 
but still continued in good repair ; that his house at Castlecoole was 
burntj by the Governor's order, to prevent the Duke of Berwick from 
posting himself there ; that they believed that the words alleged to 
have been spoken by him " were never spoke by him, for yt wee never 
heard him charged with y^ same till by the said Report, nor doe we 
believe his principales lead him to any such expressions, having 
always and upon all occasions showed himselfe forward to serve their 

* Professor Witherow. 

t This name is that of one of the original five defenders of the town. 

} In July, 1689. 



Account of John Corry, 1654. 115 

late Majesties, and to Incourage his friends & relations to doe ye 
same ;" that his only son had served their Majesties throughout the 
late war both in Ireland and Flanders ; that several of his relations 
had lost their lives in the said service ; and that, if he had publicly 
used such expressions, some of them must have heard him, or at least 
heard of it afterwards. 

This reply to the Commissioners' Report is supported by the fact 
that, after the Report was printed in Dublin, the Irish House of 
Commons, on the 78th paragraph being read to the House, resolved, 
nemim contradiceiite, " That all the Protestant freeholders of the 
kingdom have been falsely and maliciously misrepresented, traduced, 
and abused in a representation made of them in the said book, . . . 
And that such misrepresentment hath been one of the great causes of 
the misery of this kingdom." On the 28 September one of the 
Commissioners, who was a member of the House, having been heard 
in his place on a charge of being one of the aflthors of the paragraph, 
and he having prayed the House to excuse him from making any 
answer thereunto, it was ordered that he " be expelled this House." 
On the 2 Oct. two other of his colleagues were censured. A third 
being dead, " The House thought not fit to put any further question 
on him."* The original Report is in the Public Record Office in 
Dublin ; but no evidence is forthcoming there. James Corry had 
received two grants in compensation for his losses. One was of a 
heavily incumbered estate in his own neighbourhood. This grant 
was voided on the ground that the former owner, Cucconagh 
Maguire (who was killed at the battle of Aughrim) had had only a 
life estate in it, and that the estate was not vested in the Crown. 
This claim being admitted, it was restored to his son Bryan. The 
other grant was of a mortgage of ;^2,ooo on lands in the County 
Wicklow. This James Corry retained, but compromised it for ;^ 1,000. 
His losses had been proved on oath to have been ^^"3,000 and 
upwards. t His estate was worth ;^8oo or (as he himself put it) 
;^i,ooo a-year. 

After the war, James Corry lived for a time in apparently 
straitened circumstances in England. His second wife appears to 
have died there ; for in 1692 he re-married Elizabeth Harryman, who 
possessed two tenements in London. They executed a deed of 
separation in 1695. In 1692 James Corry was appointed Colonel of a 
regiment of Horse Militia to be raised in Fermanagh, which county 
he represented in the Parliaments of 1692, 1695, 1703, 17 13, and 
17 1 5 to his death in 17 18, and at first seems to have been an active 
member. His name appears in the list of persons attainted in 1689 
both as of Fermanagh and of Monaghan. He was High Sheriff of 
Fermanagh in 1671, and of Monaghan in 1677.:}: In 1696 he was 
appointed a Deputy Governor of Fermanagh ; and Governor in 1705. 

* Coininons Journals. 

t A full account will be found in The History of the Manors of Finagli and Coole, by the Earl of 
Belmore, pp. 131-9. 

t There was another family of Corrj' in Monaghan at the time, but no "James" amongst them. P'ide 
Mr. Shirley's History of Monaghan (Corry of Rockcorry). 



ii6 Old Belfast. 

His name is included in the Commissioti of Array of the Militia of 
Fermanagh in 1702. After a disastrous fire in Enniskillen on the 2nd 
June, 1705, he was appointed by the Corporation, and other sufferers, 
their- agent for managing and obtaining what money might be 
collected, as well by the Lord Lieutenant's brief as by voluntary 
subscriptions, upon their behalf He appears, by a letter from Williani 
King, Archbishop of Dublin, to Sir Michael Cole, dated from Tun- 
bridge Wells, Aug. 12, 1705, to have pressed the Duke of Ormond 
much on the subject, and the latter " had spoke to the Queen about 
the affair, and was in hopes to obtain a brief in England." Colonel 
Corry was himself a burgess of Enniskillen, having been sworn 2 
Oct., 1694, and served as Provost in 1697. He held the office of 
" Master of the Game." He built a new house at Castlecoole adjoin- 
ing the old one about 1709 or 17 10, and died an octogenarian at 
Castlecoole, i May, 17 18. 

He was succeeded by his only son, John, who had entered Trinity 
College as a Fellow Commoner 3 May, 1685, but did not graduate, 
and who sat (as Captain Corry) in the House of Commons for 
Enniskillen in the Parliament of 1703-13. He served as High 
Sheriff of Fermanagh in 171 1. In 1715 he was appointed Colonel of 
a Regiment of Foot Militia in Fermanagh, his father on the same day 
receiving a fresh commission as Colonel of a Horse Militia Regiment. 
He succeeded his father as member for the county in 1719. In 1701-2 
he married Sarah, one of the co-heiresses of William Leslie, M.P., of 
Prospect, County Antrim, a cadet of the house of Rothes,* and died 
1 1 Nov., 1726. He was succeeded by his third but only surviving son 
Leslie, then a minor. Leslie Corry was born on or about Oct. 15, 
171 2, at Castlecoole, and entered Trinity College, Oct. 11, 1728, as a 
Fellow Commoner. He graduated B.A. in 1732. He was High 
Sheriff" of Fermanagh in 1737, and M.P. for Killybegs 1739-40-41. 
He was appointed Colonel of the Fermanagh Militia, in room of his 
father, 11 April, 1740, and on May 17 a Deputy Governor of the 
County. He died unmarried on or about Feb. 20, 1 740-1, aged 28, 
when his landed property was divided between his eldest sister, 
Martha, the wife of Edmund Leslie (afterwards M.P. for Newtown- 
limavady, who took the name of Corry after Leslie, until his wife's 
death about 1764), and Galbraith Lowry (afterwards M.P. for Tyrone), 
the husband of his. sister Sarah, and Margetson Armar the husband 
of his sister Mary, who got Castlecoole. It was, however, all reunited 
in 1779 in the person of Armar Lowry Corry, Sarah's only surviving 
son, who in 1797 was created Earl of Belmore, and was great- 
grandfather of the present holder of the title, who thus is seventh in 
descent from John Corry, the freeman of Belfast. 

* William Leslie was third son of Henry Leslie, Bishop, ist of Down and Connor, and afterwards of 
Meath, who was grandson of the 4th Earl of Rothes. 





FAC-SIMILE OF JOHN CORRY S SIGNATURE. 




OLD WATERWORKS, STKANMILLIS. 




account of Straumillis, Belfast 

By WILLIAM PINKERTON, f.s.a. 

R. EVELYN PHILIP SHIRLEY, in his Accounl 
of the Territory or Dominion of Farney (London, 
1845), erroneously thinks that this is the place thus 
mentioned, under the date of 1635, in the manu- 
script of Sir Wm. Brereton, published by the 
Chetham Society. Brereton is clearly and evi- 
dently speaking of Belfast, and he continues as 
follows : — 

" Near hereunto Mr. Arthur Hill, son and heir to Sir Moses Hill, hath a brave 
plantation, which he holds by lease, which still is for thirty years to come ; the 
land is my Lord Chichester's, and the lease was made for sixty years to Sir Moyses 
Hill by the old Lord Chichester. This plantation is said doth yield him a ;/Jiooo 
per annum. Many Lancashire and Cheshire men are here planted, with some of 
them I conversed. They sit upon a rack rent, and pay 5s. or 6s. an acre for good 
ploughing land, which is now clothed with excellent corn.'' 

Brereton seems to have been indefatigable in obtaining information 
when in Ireland; but he falls into a slight error here. Arthur Hill was 
a younger son, Peter was the name of the son and heir of Sir Moyses. 
In the '^Report of Works done'' I find that the Commissioners, after 
" leaving Lisnegarvey, and approaching nearer to Carrickfergus," thus 
describe the "brave plantation" made by Sir Moyses Hill in 161 1 : — 

" Came by a strong fort built upon a passage on the plains of Moylon, with a 
strong palisade and a drawbridge, called Hilsborovve. 

Within it is a fair timber house, walled with bricks, and a tower slated. 

Some other houses are built without it, wherein are some families of English 
and Irish settled. This fort was built by Moyses Hill, who hath a lease for sixty- 
one years of the same, with a good scope of land, from Sir Arthur Chichester." 

When afterwards, during the Protectorate, Colonel Arthur Hill, 
then the head of his family by the death of his elder brother Peter, 
built a fort at Kilwarlin, he called it Hillsborough. The Commissioners 
continue their report thus : — 

" Within about a mile of Hilsborovve, by the river of Lagan, where the sea ebbs 
and flows, in a place called Strandmellis, we found the said Moyses Hill in hand 



ii8 



Old Belfast. 



with building of a strong house of stone, fifty-six feet long ; and he intends to make 
it two stories and a half high, it being already about the height of one story, and to 
build a good bawn of lime and stone about ; which lands are held by like lease as 
Hilsborowe aforesaid." 

A copy of this lease is in my possession. It is headed — " In the 
Lower Claneboys, County of Antrim," and purports to be made the 
eighteenth of April, 1606, between Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord 
Deputy, and Moyses Hill of Hilsborowe, County Antrim, whereby 
Sir Arthur demised to the said Moyses, his heirs and assigns, all that 
and those the towns and villages or hamlets in the Territory or Tuogh 
called Tuogh Nefall, alias Tuogh Fall, and Myloune, viz. : — 

Ballicollo, Ballydownmory, Ballindollaghan, Finahie, Ballyodrain, 
Ballivally, Ballicromage, Ballimurchane, Ballinrisk, Ballimeighmorey, 
Ballydownefin alias Ballinafeighan, Ballingarrie, Ballyminraher, and 
Ballymister. 

- (J*V^ 
1 ^ <-}Ji^ * 




LOCK-KEEl'ER S HOUSE ON THE LAGAN. 

{From painting by Dobic, in possession of v. w. moneypenny, esq.) 

The parcels of lands, or halftowns, or villages, of Millieton, Tulli- 
manan, Balliogman, Ardoine, Balliardsallagh, and Balliallye. And all 
other lands within the said territory, whose bounds and limits are, on 
the South the main Bay of Knockfergus, and part of the Lagan river 
falling into that Bay. On the East runs into the said Bay a small stream 
from Altcomogh, between this Tuogh and the Tuogh Tinament, and 
thence the meares are directly about half a mile between its lands and 
Tuogh Killelagh unto the very top of Slewtermore, and thence about 
another half mile unto and through the Glyn of Barrattnagarrane, 
which is a meare between this Tuogh and Clandermot, and thence 
about another half mile directly by the top of the Glyn of Altmakeigh, 
and thence about another half mile directly to a little mount near 



Account of Stranmillis, Belfast. 119 

Kanebeg Church, which is a meare between Tuogh Fall and Derry- 
volgie, from which mount runs a small stream through or near the bog 
Fowerglasse, and so directly into the Lagan river. 

Also all those fishings and weirs of all kinds of fish in that part of 
the Lagan river, lying from the point of land towards the sea, whereon 
the little Fort of Mount Essex stands, westward so far as the river 
extends in or by any of his lands. 

Excepting all lands belonging to any Abbey, or other religious 
houses, all Churches, Rectories, Chapels, or Vicarages, and the glebes 
thereof ; all timber and underwoods, hawks, advowsons, and mines 
whatever. 

To hold from the Feast of the Annunciation last past, for the term 
of sixty-one years, at the rent of Ten pounds, English. Several duties 
of salmon, &c., are to be also paid. And Mr. Hill is to be Seneschal 
during the term of his lease within the said territory. 

The boundaries of the lease are easily traced, the names of the 
townlands have almost the same spelling as they are laid down in the 
Ordnance Survey of the present day, and they formed the south- 
eastern portion of the lands of Sir Arthur Chichester in Antrim. The 
" small stream " was the Blackstaff, which with its affluent the Clowney 
runs up into Altcomogh, the glen between the Wolf Hill and Devis. 
Lendrick, in his map of Antrim, published in 1790, says that the 
manner of spelling the names of townlands is quite arbitrary, and 
depends on a variety of unfavourable circumstances, but we may 
readily trace out the most of those. Ballicollo, Dunmurry, Bally- 
dolaghan, Ballyfinaghy, Ballydrain, Cromac, Ballymurphy, Ballydown- 
fin, are all well known at present. The names of all the townlands 
next the hills have suffered little change, but those lower down next 
the river have been swallowed up in the modern denominations of 
Upper and Lower Malone. There is still an Ardoyne, and Balliard- 
sallagh in the same district is most probably the modern Ballysillan. 

We do not know when or by what bargain this lease came to a 
termination. In 1635, when we last hear of it by Brereton, it had then 
thirty-two years to run, but it must have been revoked soon afterwards. 
For in 1639 an order of composition and agreement was made between 
the Commissioners for Defective Titles on the King's behalf, and 
Edward Lord Viscount Chichester, and Arthur his son and heir 
apparent, whereby it being expressed that his Lordship and son should 
have a good and sufficient estate granted unto them, their heirs and 
assigns, for ever of the Manor of Belfast, they and Arthur Hill, Esq., 
surrendered all their grants, titles, and leases to Sir William Wraye, 
Bart., and Henry le Squire, Esq., who were empowered to receive the 
same by the King. And Henry le Squire, Esq., agent to Lord 
•Chichester, having compounded with the Lord Deputy and the Com- 
missioners for remedy of defective Titles, and paid the fine of £^,^7 
17s. 6d., received a new grant from King Charles the First, dated at 
Westminster, 20th of March, in the fifteenth year of his reign (1640). 
In this grant I find — 

"The capital messuage and demesne lands of Stronemellis, and two Corn 
Mills upon the Lagan." 



I20 



Old Belfast. 



It is generally but erroneously supposed that Stranmillis took its 
name from those mills — the mills on the strand — which is, as things 
go, a very good derivation. But when Moyses Hill commenced to 
build a house there, which he called Strandmellis, there was in all prob- 
ability not a mill in all Ireland, saving a quern or hand-mill. My 
friend, the eminent Irish scholar, Mr, Robert MacAdam, of Belfast, 
informs me that he has no doubt the name Stran-millis, or Stron-millis 
(as usually pronounced), is merely a slight variation of the Irish 
SrutJian-inilis, signifying " sweet stream." And I am confirmed in 
the opinion that this is a correct derivation from a passage in the 
above grant, where, describing the Eastern boundary of the Chichester 
estates, it mentions " a small river called Shroghanmellie, alias 
Shroanemellis, alias Strandmellis." 




THE QUERN. 



Arthur Hill was the immediate founder of the large estates now 
enjoyed by the present Marquis of Hillsborough, and the younger son 
of Moyses Hill, who built Strandmellis. Lodge, in his Peerage of 
Ireland, an immense and praiseworthy undertaking, the usefulness of 
which is partly destroyed by its many gross inaccuracies, probably 
inseparable from such a work, tells us that a 

" Sir Robert Chichester, nephew to Arthur, Lord Deputy, being married to a 
daughter of this family (the Hills of Devonshire), we may reasonably presume that 
Moyses Hill, ancestor to the Earl of Hillsborough, was introduced into this King- 
dom by that noble Lord in a military capacity, and was, during the course of 
O'Neill's rebellion in the North, one of those gentlemen who, in 1573, were 
associated under Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex, to suppress it." 

Now there were a considerable number of O'Neill's rebellions in 
the latter part of the sixteenth century. The leaders of that dis- 
tinguished famil}% being generally st)'led Princes of Ulster, on the 
Incus a noil liicendo principle, just as we speak of the King of Bonny 
now-a-days, seem to have passed their lives either in making abject 
submissions, or in open defiant rebellion to the Kings and Queen of 
England ; but Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex, was never employed 
to suppress one of them. And the ridiculous absurdity of the passage 
is rendered still more palpable when it is recollected that Sir Arthur 



Account of Stranmillis, Belfast. 121 

Chichester, afterwards Lord Deputy, did not make his appearance in 
Ireland till the year 1 599. 

Colonel Arthur Hill had the command of the Regiment of Horse, 
consisting of 600 men, raised by Charles I., in 1641, to serve against 
the rebels in the North of Ireland. After the Kingdom had been 
compelled to submit to the Parliament, he entered their service, and 
was appointed a Commissioner of Revenue for the Precinct of Belfast, 
and very ably he fulfilled that duty, both under the Parliamentary and 
Protectorate Governments, until the Restoration. A letter from the 
Council at Dublin to Colonel Arthur Hill, their Commissioner at 
Belfast, is so characteristic of the period and the men, that I feel I may 
make no apology for introducing it here. 

"Dublin, 23 December, 1652. 

"To Colonel Arthur Hill, to be communicated to the rest of our Christian 
friends within his Precinct. 

"Those unto whom the Lord hath in any measure, through grace, made 
known his free, eternal, and unchangeable love, cannot but be sensible how He hath 
of late manifested some displeasure against us, by continuing the pestilence in very 
many of our quarters and garrisons, and stirring a vanquished and dispersed enemy 
to an unusual resolution of attempting the surprisal of the fort and isle of Arran, and 
therein to prevail, not by strength, but by reason of a strange spirit of despondency 
which possessed him that commanded that place far unsuitable to his accustomed 
temper in the judgment of those that knew him. Upon serious consideration of 
those sad reproofs, we conceive it a duty incumbent upon us to mind those that fear 
the Lord in this land to be frequent in prayer, and earnest with Him to reveal his 
will unto his servants, what those failings in them are which He so sharply witnesses 
against. And that the Lord would renew unto his people a spirit of prayer and 
supplication, a spirit of prevailing with the Lord, and of dependance upon Him : 
That we may be delivered from a spirit of compliance with the enemies of God, and 
that our hearts may not be captivated in the snares which they spread for us, lest 
the anger of the Lord kindle against us. — Numbers xxv. 3. That we who in great 
mercy are hitherto spared may cleave unto the Lord, and keep his Statutes and 
Judgements, this being the wisdom and strength of God's people in the sight of the 
Nations. — Deuteronomy iv. 45. That the Lord may not give us over to a spirit of 
slothfulness and security in the management of the trust reposed in us, and that we 
may take heed to ourselves, and keep our souls diligently, lest we forget the out- 
goings of the Lord with us in England, Scotland, and Ireland. Those great things 
which our eyes have seen God do for His people, and lest they should depart from 
our hearts. — Deuteronomy iv. 9. Deadness of spirit, worldly mindedness, forget- 
fulness of what the Lord hath done for us in the day of our affliction, and attribut- 
ing much to the arm of flesh and wisdom of man, are sins that easily beset the 
Saints and servants of God in the time of their prosperity, when their enemies are 
scattered, and the powers of the earth laid down before them, and may be those 
failings for which our merciful Father holdeth His rods of correction over us. And 
therefore the better to stir up our hearts to this duty, we have thought convenient 
to recommend the 30th day of this month to be observed in the duties and exercises 
of fasting, humiliation, and prayer before the Lord, for the reasons and ends afore- 
said, by all those whose hearts He shall draw forth for that duty, whereof we have 
thought fit to give you this notice, and desire that all those that fear the Lord 
within your Precinct may have notice hereof, and do what He shall put upon their 
hearts in order to the solemn and serious working of Him upon that day or any 
other time, that we may not despise the chastening of the Almighty, but hearken 
unto His rod, and embrace His fatherly correction. 

" Miles Corbet. 

" Charles Herbert, 

"John Jones." 



122 



Old Belfast. 



The usurpers, however, were not by any means bad paymasters. 
In 1650 the ParHament granted Col. A. Hill, "in recompence of his 
many eminent services in Ireland," the sum of ^5,000. Again, in 1656, 
the Parliament, " in consideration of his many public and eminent 
services to the great furtherance and advancement of the public 
interest," granted him a further sum of ^1,000 ; they, however, added 
that it was to be " a full satisfaction." He sat in the very same 
Parliament for the Counties of Down, Antrim, and Armagh — a Parlia- 
ment, by the way, the members of which were called and chosen by 
Cromwell alone to represent the three Kingdoms of England, Scotland, 
and Ireland. Moreover, in the same year, the Protector and his 
Council, by letters dated Whitehall, 29th of April, granted him in 
trust for his younger son, Arthur, about three thousand acres of 




HILLSBOROUGH FORT. 



profitable land, with some wood and bog, in the territory of Kilwarlin, 
in the County of Down. And Colonel Hill, being previously seized of 
divers other lands in that territory, they were all erected into the 
Manor of Hillsborough & Growde, with liberty to impark one thousand 
acres in each, with power to hold fairs and markets, and all other 
jurisdictions and privileges. One would reasonably have supposed 
that, at least, those lands would have been taken from him at the 
Restoration, but that was not the way affairs were managed then. 
Though these were lands forfeited by men who, as they said, fought 
for their King against the zealots who put him to a disgraceful death, 
they also fought for their lives and the religion of their country 
against the Scottish Covenanters, who, in the height of their cursed 
intolerance, had solemnly sworn to extirpate them. 



Account of Stranmillis, Belfast. 123 

In March, 1660, he was appointed one of the Commissioners of 
the Court of Claims, for puttings into execution His Majesty's Declara- 
tion for the Settlement of Ireland ; and, " being eminently active to 
the hazard of his life and estate in his endeavours to restore the King," 
he was sworn a member of His Majesty's Privy Council, and had a 
pardon, dated at Westminster, for all the crimes committed by him 
during the course of the rebellion. And Colonel Hill, having built 
within a few years, at his own charge, and upon his own lands, during 
the rebellion, for encouragement of an English plantation and security 
of the country, a considerable place of strength called Hillsborough, 
fortified with four bastions, or flankers, commanding the chief roads in 
the County of Down leading from Dublin to Belfast and Carrickfergus ; 
His Majesty was pleased to consider that the surprise thereof, upon any 
insurrection, might prove very prejudicial to his service, and how much 
it would conduce to His Majesty's service and the safety of the country 
that a guard should be placed in that fort for the security thereof; he 
therefore granted a patent at Westminster for erecting it into a royal 
garrison by the name of Hillsborough Fort, with a Constable and 
officers to command it, to be called and known by the name of 
Constable of Hillsborough Fort, and twenty warders to be nominated 
and chosen by him ; the Constable to have the allowance of 3s. 46. a 
day, and the warders 6d. each ; and this office was granted to him, his 
heirs and assigns, for ever. 



Certificate written b^ Baniel ©'Beill, 1663. 

"These are to certify unto whom it may concern that Cap. Conn. Magneisse, 
of Culcany, in the County of Down, to my knowJedge (I being the Governour of the 
Towne of Trim), by vertue of a power from his Grace the Dukeof Ormond (the Ld. 
Luetent. of Ireland), upon the sevent day of August, or there about, in the year 
1649, have seen the said Cap. Conn. Magneise, having then a foot company, 
march with the said company through the Town of Trim aforesaid, unto the 
Randezvous of the said L. Lt., as witnesseth my hand the ij//i of October, i66^. 

"D. Neille." 



petition of ipatrich IRussell, 1663. 

" To /lis Grace James Duke of Onnofide, Lord Lieutenant Getieral and General 

Governor of Irelatid. 

"The humble petition of Patrick Russell, of Coniamstown, in the County of 
Down, 

" In most humble manner sheweth that in the year 1641, when the rebellion 
began in Ireland, your petitioner did unanimously adhere and contribute, to the 
utmost of his power, to the British forces then in the County of Down, and con- 
tinued so for some months there after. At which time, being oppressed and not 
able to live in his place of abode, he, being no military man, was forced to desert 
his dwelling for safeguard of his life, and lived in a sad and disconsolate condition 
until the year 1649. At which time your Grace laid siege to Dublin, where your 
petitioner was with your Grace, and from your Grace making manifest his constant 
loyalty in that service, obtained the annexed order, to be settled in his estate of 300 
acres of land ; by virtue of which order he was put in possession thereof by the 
Right Honble. the Earl of Ardglass, then Governor of Lecale and Kinalerty, in the 
County of Down, and ever since continued so possessed. In regard he made 



124 Old Belfast. 

appear before the Commissioners of the Revenue at Belfast, in the usurper's time, 
that he performed many good offices for the English and the Scotch in the first 
year of the said rebellion, in saving their lives and goods to the number of six- 
teen persons, who are now living, and ready to attest the same. That your 
petitioner having put in his claim before the Honourable Commissioners of the 
Court of Chancery, the same could not for want of time be heard, whereby his 
innocency might be made appear. 

"Wherefore your petitioner most humbly beseeches your Grace 
that you will be pleased to favour your petitioner with your 
Grace's certificate in his behalf for obtaining his pardon 
from his Majesty. 

"And he will ever pray, &c., &c." 
'"'■ Dublin Castle^ December jf/i, i66j. 

"We have duly considered the above petition, the reasons therein mentioned, 
and our order of the 30 of July, 1649, which, upon good inducements, we then 
granted to the petitioner's behalfe : and upon the whole do conceive him to be a 
person capable of deserving his Majestie's gracious pardon. 

" Ormonde." 
] era copia. 

W. GODOLPHIN. (Pinkerton MSS.) 




Hccount of Sir 6001*90 IRaw^oiu 

By W. pinkerton, f.s.a. 

IR GEORGE RAWDON was the only son of Francis 
Rawdon, and was born at Rawdon, near Leeds. Early in 
life he became secretary to Edward Lord Conway, principal 
Secretary of State, and by him he was employed as an agent 
on his Irish estates. In 1639 he was Member of Parliament 
for the town of Belfast, and in November, 1641, being Major 
of Lord Conway's regiment of horse, he successfully de- 
fended the town of Lisnegarvey, or Lisburn, against Phelim 
O'Neill and 8,oco Irish rebels. After serving with distinction 
during the war of the Rebellion, when Ireland was completely 
subdued by the Parliament, he took office under it as one of the Commissioners of 
Revenue of Ulster, and, in that capacity, he was exceedingly useful in reducing, as 
far as he could, the Parliamentary Composition imposed upon Lord Conway's estate. 
A great number of very interesting letters of his to Lord Conway are in the 
Record Office. After Cromwell died he prudently turned towards the rising sun of 
the Restoration, and, in 1660, he was appointed one of the Commissioners for 
executing his Majesty's Declaration for the Settlement of Ireland. In 1665 he 
was created a Baronet of England, under the title of Moira, in the County of 
Down. Not a syllable of his service to the usurpeis is hinted in the accurate 
peerage book of Lodge, but it says that "as he had the strongest disposition to be 
as useful as possible to his country, so he had an ample fortune which enabled 
him to show it, whereby he gained the greatest respect and esteem." 

He does not seem to have been so lucky under the Protectorate as his 
brother Commissioner, Col. Hill ; though he performed his duty well and ably, he 
does not appear to have received any more than the mere salary of his office. But 
at the Restoration he received many grants under the different Acts of Settlement, 
in the counties of Down, Dublin, Louth, and Meath ; and, for the sum of ^200, he 
was allowed to pass patent of 2,078 acres in the barony of Upper- Iveagh, in the county 
of Down. It is thus set forth in the patent of date 168 r : " Kmg James I., out of his 
great desire and care to plant the province of Ulster, was graciously pleased, in the 
eighth year of his reign, to grant letters patent, under the great seal of Ireland, for 
the passing of all the lands lying within the country, then commonly known by the 
name of Iveagh, and for the dividing, settling, and planting thereof, to several free- 
holders of the Irish nation, in hopes the said lands might thereby be manured, and 



Account of Sir George Rawdon. 125 

better inhabited ; and did, among other grants, pass by letters patent, bearing date 
the same year, fourteen sessioughs, or half towns, within the territory of Moira, in 
the country of Iveagh, to Murtagh Mac-Terlagh O'Lavery of Moira : but notwith- 
standing that he and his grandson, Hugh O'Lavery, enjoyed the same, yet neither 
of them made any considerable plantation thereupon ; and in 1639, Hugh conveyed 
a great part thereof to several persons, and in 1641 forfeited the rest by rebellion, 
which, by the commissioners of claims for satisfaction of arrears of pay to officers 
and soldiers, were sold (as above) to Sir George Rawdon ; being a person that had 
performed very loyal and acceptable services to the crown, and had bestowed much 
costs and pains to improve and plant the said lands, had built a market town there- 
upon at Moira, which was inhabited with conformable Protestants, and having been 
decreed to, and purchased many other lands, they were erected, at his suit, into the 
manor of Moira, where he had obtained a licence, in 1669, to hold a Thursday 
market, and four yearly fairs on the Thursdays in Easter week, after 24th of June, 
after the ist of August, and after the 29th of September. — And whereas he had pur- 
chased divers towns and lands in the territory of Kinelearty, within the said county, 
and for that some of these lands were mountainous, and others much encumbered 
with rocks, underwoods, and bogs, whereby the Irish in the rebellion, and thieves 
and tories, did in former times frequently harbour there; and that of late, those 
lands, by his care and cost, were become well inhabited and planted, he having 
built two mills there, put the parish church in repair, erected a considerable town, 
and in the middle thereof had set out a large market place, which was paved, and 
made fit for market and fairs to be kept there, and which new-built town was situate 
in the very centre of the county ; the king therefore created the premises into the 
manor of Kinelearty, with a demesne of one thousand acres— liberty to empark the 
like quantity ; to keep courts, appoint seneschals, hold a Thursday market, and two 
fairs at the town of Ballinehinch on first February and twenty-ninth of June, to 
continue three days each, and many other privileges." 

He died in the eightieth year of his age, in August, 1684, and was buried with 
great magnificence at Lisburn. Sir John Rawdon, the fourth baronet and great 
grandson of Sir George, was, in 1750, advanced to the peerage by the style 
and title of Baron Rawdon of Moira ; and he was further advanced to the dignity 
of Earl of Moira in 1762. 

In the print room of the British Museum is a small engraving of Sir George 
Rawdon, with the following inscription : — " The true and lively pourtraiture of that 
valliant and worthy patriot and captaine, S'' George Rawdon, knight and barronet, 
yEtatis sua; 63." Ji. IV/n'ie, delin. et sculp. The armorial bearings used by the 
elder branch of the family are placed within an oval beneath the portrait. They 
are : — Quarterly, i. Argent, a fess between three pheons sable, Rawdon j 2. Argent, 
a fess between two lions passant regardant sable, Folifoot ; 3. Argent, a chevron 
between three hinds' heads erased gules, Beckiuith; 4. On a fess three escallops, a 
canton ermine. On an inescutcheon the badge of a baronet of England. Crest, a 
pheon. Motto — "Nisi Dominus frustra." 

Extracts from Letters of George Rawdon, 1666. 

George Rawdon, writing to Lord Conway from Dublin, 12 May, 1666 : — 

" Another sad fate is befallen in the North. I believe the one half of the cattle 
in Antrim and Down are dead of the murrain ; corn double the price it was a 
month past, and no milk." 

The same, 18 of May. All in the way of beggary. Murrain ; no trade, &c. 

He writes — " I had letters to-day from my wife, who is well, with all the 
children. The great race at Lambeg for the plate was run the last week by the 
Earl of Donegall's Barb, Will Hill's Blink, and Major Richardson's Wingfield, who 
came first and the Barb next and Blink last ; the Lo. Massareene was there, but 
did not put in his horse Tangier." 

The same, i June, Lisburn. 

" I gave your Lordship notice in my last of the great mutiny, or rather 
rebellion of the garrison at Carrickfergus, which my Lord Lieutenant apprehended 
to be of such dangerous example that he on the sudden took a resolution to come 
himself in person to reduce the mutineers, and shipped away 400 of the Royal 



126 



Old Belfast. 



Regiment with the Earl of Arran and Sir Wm. Flower, which had so quick a 
passage by sea that they were at Carrickfergus before his Grace reached Hills- 
borough by land. He came the first night to Dundalk, and on Sunday evening 
last to Hillsborough, being his second day. As we were ready for church. Will 
Hill, who rode all night, came to me and told me the news ; so I made what pre- 
paration I could in 3 hours' time, and met his Grace at Dromore with full 200 horse 
of our neighbours, which were many of them well mounted, and being orderly 
drawn up made a great show, and were very much spoken of by the company, and 
his Grace has since often mentioned them, and asked me if they were Killulta 
men. There came with him the Earls of Drogheda and Fingall, Viscts. Dun- 
gannon, Dangan, Taafe, and several Knights and Gentlemen, and the lifeguard of 
horse, and all the troops in his were ordered thither. The" Earl of 

Donegall's and Capt. Hill's were lying about Carrickfergus before. The Marquis 
of Antrim, the Earl of Clanbrassil, and Bishop of Down came hither to meet him. 

" His Grace came from Hillsborough on Monday morning, and passed through 
this town to dinner to Belfast : whither I went after him and the company that were 
.here with me, and that evening the Earl of Arran came up to Belfast and gave 
account of these passages. On Tuesday the Lord Lieutenant and all his train 
went to Carrickfergus, and being the king's day, after solemnity in the church and 
dinner past, his Grace directed me and the Judge Advocate to take the pains to 
take examinations of all particular passages, and of the ringleader especially, to 




THE KEEPER IN PORT.MORE WOODS, 1666. 

prepare them for a martial court the next morning, which was done, and by 
commission from his Grace the Court was held, the Earl of Donegall being 
president, in his Lordship's house, and the mutineers brought bound, two together, 
and heard their charge drawn up by the Judge Advocate, Doctor Cook, and con- 
fessed their guilt and begged mercy on their knees, and after they \vere withdrawn 
into the court the Court voted them all guilty of death for breach of several Articles 
of War, and considered the examinations taken the day before, and picked out lo 
that were the chief and actors, and voted that the Earl of Donegall and Arran 

might be pleased to interceed with his Grace for sparing the lives of all the rest, 
except those lo, which he granted, and all the rest are, or will be, shipped in 2 or 3 
frigates here and sent to the West Indies, and I suppose the 10 were hanged yester- 
day. The four Captains — Col. Mayart, Fortescue, Butler, and Reversham— are 
without companies ; they were much blamed, being all absent but Capt. Butler, and 
the 4 Companies are still in Carrickfergus till others be ordered thither. 

"After, on Tuesday, his Grace and all his train came hither, about 8 of the 
clock, where they found supper ready ; 2 long tables in both dining-rooms, and all 
the chambers ready for lodging, and good wine of all sorts ; and were all well accomo- 






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Confirmation of the Chichester Patents. 



127 



dated here in good chambers in town and seemed well pleased with their 
entertainment, and my Lord Lieutenant, at breakfast, drank your lops, health in a 
great glass of claret, and commanded me to tell you so. 

" But my disappointment of venison was so great that I cannot forgive the 
keeper ; he had orders on Monday morning to kill a buck at [Portmore], they being 
very fat there, and shot and hurt one and lost it, and shot again another and missed, 
so that their great expectations of fat venison was disappointed, and especially 
his Grace that had none this year at Dublin. I am so ill pleased with this knave, 
to take upon him to be so good a woodman, that if your Ip. had not sent him 
over I would presently give him his pass. I waited on his Grace and the company 
beyond Moyherelin, and upon the way hither (which is here very good roadway) 
his Grace expressed his delight to see such a country, and was well pleased and 
all his train." 

Ormond writes from Dublin, 6 June : — ■ 

" After my departure from Carrickfergus nine of the mutineers were executed. 

" Their officers also and all others will hereafter be more carefull in the govern- 
ment of their companies by the inconvenience befallen these, their companies 
being for the present disbanded. They are men of unquestionably good affections, 
and were only unfortunate in having worse men than others, and being absent all 
(but Capt. Butler) when the mutiny began by leave from the Earl of Donegall, 
Governor of the place." 

In a communication that the Earl of Donegall makes, he says that one Proctor 
Dillon and one Williams were the ringleaders. Dillon was killed. ( Pinkerton MSS.J 




ARMS OF DONEGALL FAMILY. 



Confiniiation of tbe Cbicbeeter ipatente, 

3nrollet) 1669. 

GRANT from King Charles I., in virtue of the Commission 
for remedy of defective Titles, dated at Westminster 20th 
March, 15" Car. L, and for the fine of ^467 17s. 6d., paid 
by Edward Viscount Chichester of Carrickfergus, and 
Arthur Chichester, his son and heir apparent. In con- 
sideration also of the many good, true, faithful, and 
acceptable services to the Crown, performed by them and 
by Arthur Lord Chichester of Belfast, deceased brother of 
the said Lord Edward, and of their surrender of Lough 
Neagh, alias Lough Sidney, alias Lough Chichester, with 
the soil and fishing thereof, and the Wears and Fishings in 
the River of Bann, near Toome, Co. Antrim, and of the Advowson of the Church of 
Magherahohill, and the Rectory and Advowson of the Church of Ballyprior, in 




128 Old Belfast. 

Island Magee, said County, to the King, his heirs and successors. And pursuant 
to Privy Signet, dated at Hampton Court, 24th September, 1638, which sets forth 
that Lough Neagh, alias Lough Chichester, which had been granted by King James 
to Lord Chichester, was so commodious for upholding the Fishing of the Bann, that 
the Governors and Committees of the London Plantation there were necessitated to 
farm the same at ;{^ioo by the year, which Fishing of the Bann was now come to his 
Majesty's hands. And the Lord Chichester, by Henry Le Squire, Esq., his Agent, 
having compounded with the Lord Deputy and the Commissioners for remedy of 
defective Titles to make the surrender, his Majesty directed that surrender to be 
taken, and this grant to pass of all other the Estate whatever belonging to his Lord- 
ship and his son Captain Arthur Chichester, as also the Rectorial Tithes of the 
Parish of Shankhill, alias Belfast, with the Advowson of the Vicarage of the same 
Church in lieu of the said surrenders ; and likewise an Annuity, Pension, or yearly 
Rent Charge of ^40 English, reserving to them and their heirs liberty to fish for 
and take Salmon in and upon the said Lough for the provision of their house or 
houses ; and also excepting to them and their heirs all the Eel Wears and Eel Fishings, 
or places to take eels in, at, or near Toome, which formerly were not demised or 
granted to the City of London ; yet so as such Orders, Laws, and Rules as shall be 
from time to time prescribed and set down generally on the King's behalf for the 
Fishing of the Bann be observed by them and their heirs both in their Salmon and 
Eel Fishings. And, lastly, that the whole Island Magee be united into one Parish, 
and all the Rectorial Tithes within the Island disposed of some way for the benefit 
and behoof of that Church and the College there, for bettering the means of the 
Vicar and the finding of Lectures, as should seem most meet. 

Co. ilUtniU. — There is therefore Granted to the said Lord Edwai-d and 
Arthur, and to the Heirs and Assignes of the said Arthur, for ever, of the entire 
Castle or Mansion House, Park, Demeasne, Buildings, Site, Mills, Manor, Town, and 
other the Hereditaments of Belfast, All Manors, Castles, Towns, and Lands of and 
in the Territories and Precincts of Lands of Toughnefalle, Toughmoylone alias 
Mylone alias Malone, Tough-Tinament, Carnenony alias Carnemony, Carnetall, 
Monkesland, and Ballyhone, as followeth. 

The capital Messuage and Demeasne Lands of Stronemellis, and two Corn 
Mills upon the Lagan. 

The Towns, Lands, and Hereditaments of Ballycollo, Ballydownemorrie alias 
Ballydownemurrie, with a Corn Mill there ; Ballyndollaghane alias Ballydollaghane, 
Fumanghie alias Ballyfinagie, Ballyrodrane, Ballinvalley, Ballycromage alias 
Ballycromoge, Ballyamarchane alias Ballymurfey, Ballinofeagh alias Bally- 
nefey, with a Water Mill and a Fulling Mill there ; 13allinriske, Ballymeighmonie 
alias Ballymonie, Ballydownefin alias Ballydownefeyne alias Ballynafeighe, Ballen- 
garrie, Ballygarmartine, Ballinrahane alias Ballyvallyenerasure, Ballymister alias 
Ballyvister, Killyetan alias Ballyetan alias Ballyetigan, Tulloghmanane, Bally- 
ogaman alias Ballygaman, Ballyquoite, Ardoyne alias Ballyardone alias Ardun, 
with a new Forge there ; Ballyardsallagh, Ballyvallie alias Ballynvallie alias Tough- 
managh, Clownie and Cullantrie in Toughnefall and Toughmoloyne. 

Co. HUtrint. — The Towns and Lands of Ballycoolegalgie alias 
Ballycoolegallagie alias Ballyroculgalgalgie, Ballycloyne, Ballycullantrie, Ballin- 
gallinie, Ballyfoughnamonie, Ballynaneigure alias Ballyneginure alias Balline- 
gwire, Ballymullaghimanye, Ballymissilane alias Ballysillane, Ballylegaile alias 
Ballyleg-aniie alias Legeneile, Ballycrosse, Itinicester alias Itiniskall alias Ought- 
marakneskall, Oughterard 3 Qr. Ballioghagane, Ballysteigheoghe-Inerle alias 
Ballyskeigh-Inerle alias Skeoganerle, Ballylissitollard alias Lissitillard, Ballyeden- 
derry and the Fort, Gallynaghe, Ballylissegalrome, Ballyircustillie alias Bally- 
cloghnacastallie alias Cloghcastle, Ballingowlane alias Ballygolane, Ballykeile alias 
Ballyceele, Ballylishigalriea alias Ballygalryan, Ballygorinward alias Ballygallyne- 
ward, Ballyglangoromelie alias Ballygormelie, Bailyarfekille and Ballyvardinue 
alias Ballyvardune alias Ballyvaston alias Ballyvastony, in the Tuogh-Tinament. 

Co. Bntrim.— The Towns and Lands of Ballyvincollard alias Ballyrin- 
collard alias Ballyrancollard, White Abbey, Le Coole alias Ballycoole, Cloghny- 



Confirmation of the Chichester Patents. 



129 



castallie, Ballyvasconine, Gallynagh, Drommore alias Dromore, Ballydownanine 
alias Dunany alias Dovvnany, Ballycoole, Ballyardnesoole alias Ballyardnesole 
alias Ballynecreggy, Ballyhenry, Ballymulduffe alias Bally-Imulduffe, Ballymesine 
alias Ballyvesey, Ballylaghline alias Carrickferne, Ballycurraghfarney alias Bally- 
chone alias Ballyhone, Le Earle's Meadow alias The Earl's Mosse, Ballynemanagh 
alias'Le Grange of Ballynemanagh, Cloghloghortie, Ballykeile, Carnecall and Bally 
Jordan alias Jordanstowne in Carnemonie, Carnecall, Monkesland, and Ballyhone 
alias Bally-John. 







^^^ 
W^^ 



VIEW OF WHITEABBEY IN 1800. 

(From McSkimin MSS.) 



The Rectory of the Church or Chapel, and the Advowson, Presentation, and 
Patronage of the Vicarage of Senekill, alias Shankill, alias Albedevade, alias 
Belfast, parcel of the possessions of the late Monastery or Abbey of St. Patrick of 
Down. With all other Hereditaments, spiritual and temporal, within the said 
Territories or Tuoghs, whose bounds are described in the Patent, viz. : — • 

Towards the entire South part of the said Territories lye the Bay of Carrick- 
fergus and the River Lagan ; and to the East part of the said Territories or parcels 
of Land thereof, and the Lands of Carrickfergus, runs a small River beginning 
near the water-fall Fasermeagh alias the Deer's Land, and running by or near the 
old stone House called Cloghanoghertie towards the West from the same, and also 
from another small River called Silver Stream towards the East, and from Faser- 
meagh aforesaid the Meares extend directly between the said Territories and the 
Tuogh of Ballynlynny about quarter of a mile near the top of the Glynne of 
Altballymanagh, and so by the midst of a small Bogg there ; and from thence 
about half a mile between the said Territories directly to the top of Carneshalgagh 
Hill ; and thence about quarter of a mile directly to a small Bogg at the top of 
the Glynne of Altonbreedagh, and so through the middle of the small Bogg there ; 
and thence about quarter of a mile to the top of Lisselinch Hill, and thence 
through the middle of the Bogg or Wood of Moymerlagh, near said Lisselinch ; 
and from thence about quarter of a mile to an old Stone called Ballyrobart, and 
thence for about quarter of a mile directly through the midst of the Bogg called 
Monymulligine by the Ford of Aughballymestine ; and from thence about half a 
mile directly by the middle of the Bogg of Monarhohill ; and so between the said 
Territories and Ballinlynny aforesaid the Meares extend to the old foundation 
Stone called Cloghballybascon alias Ballyvaston ; and from thence about half a 
mile directly to the Fall of the River called Assdermott ; and thence about half a 
mile directly through the Ford of AnnaghduUagh ; and thence about half a mile 



I30 



Old Belfast. 



between the said Territories and the Tuogh of Killelagh directly by the top of 
Altomagh Glynne ; and thence about half a mile by the upper part of the Mountain 
Marsh to the top of the Hill of Slughtmermore ; and thence about half a mile 
between the said Territories and the Tynament of Clandermott directly over the 
Plaines and through the middle of the Glynne of Ballyaltnagarran alias Bar- 
raltnaragan ; and from thence about half a mile directly to the top of another 
Glynne called Altmakeigh ; and thence about half a mile over the Hill to and by 
the Highway of Ballymogerlie ; and thence about another half-mile between the 
said Territories and Derryvologie alias Fealoagh directly to the Mountain of 
Cooleanbeg, leaving the Glynne of Alchorane in the said Territories and parcels 
of Land ; and from the said Hill runs a small River, called Shroghanemellie alias 
Shroanmellis alias Strandmellis, and runs between the said Territories and the 
Tynament of Derryvologie aforesaid, till it falls into the Moor or Bogg of Foore- 
glasse, and so through the midst and from the South part of the Bogg issues 




CAVE HILL — ENCLOSING THE DEER-PARK. 



another small River, which runs between the said Territories and Tynament into 
the Lagan, which River of the Bay of Carrickfergus are the South Boundaries and 
Meares of the said Territories and Parcels of Land. All the foregoing Premisses 
created into the Manor of Belfast, with Courts Leet and Baron. 

Also the entire Fishing of the River Lagan, the Soil, Wears, Customs, and 
Duties of the said River. The Ferry of Belfast. 

Co. HUtritll. — The impropriate Rectory of Entroya alias Antrym, which 
consists ifiter alia of two parts of all the Tithes of Corn and Hay of the Towns 
and Hamlets of Ballygallantrim, Ballycregiddery, Ballyconmagh, Ballywanly alias 
Ballywinenise alias Ballyaltahunching, Ballynecrigie, Ballyberan, Ballyrannell, 
Ballyrathbegg, Ballymullen, Ballycroskenan, Ballycallynordolly, Ballyaltwonisie 
alias Ballyattywonisy, Ballyantrym, Ballykeile, Ballynormullen, and Ballyn- 
clasonbegg, with the Advowson and Presentation of the Vicarage thereof. The 
Estate of the late Abbey or Monastery of Woodburne alias Goodborne. 



Confirmation of the Chichester Patents. 131 

Co. HtltCint. — The Church or impropriate Rectory of Ballynlinny in 
Tuogh-Ballynlinny, which consists of two parts of the Tithes of Corn and Hay, 
within nine Fownlands in the County of Antrim, with the Advowson and Presenta- 
tion of the Vicarage. The Estate of said Abbey. The Towns and Lands of 
BalHnmulHe, Killgreelie alms Killgrill, Ballinlinny, Lisnelinsenem alias LisneHnchie 
alias Lisneseven, BalHvalter alias Bally waiter, Ballyalgakie alias Ballycogegy 
alias Ballygagy, Cloghballyrobert alias Ballyrobert, Ballynephellitt alias Bally- 
nepellodie, Ballyhartway alias Ballyhartfield, Ballytemple, Ballypatrick alias 
Templetowne alias Templepatrick, Ballyrickmore alias Rickamond, Ballyturb- 
vernegno alias Tubbenegnowe, Ballykillm'kee, Ballycoosen alias Ballychoosin, 
Ballymullaghbritt alias Mullaghbritt, Ballychone alias Bally-John, Ballygeolagh, 
Ballyonemegaile alias Ballyvingell alias Vingall alias Stomgall, Ballyvoage alias 
Ballycasland, Ballyshradinmarish, Stradnemorsligh alias Stradenemollyshagh, 
Ballyneelogh alias Ballyneglogh alias Stradenomemyagh alias Stradenemoynagh, 
Ballyotoge, Carnegraine, Carnenanie, Ballybarnes, Barnish alias Ballybarnesse, 
Brusk alias Bruslee, Moyvliske, Ballymartin and Ballyclocarduffe alias Bally- 
clocanduffe alias Cloghanduffe, with all their Appurtenances in the Territory or 
Tuogh of Ballynlinny, and also that entire Territory, with all the Members and 
Hereditaments therein. All these Premises, from the Rectory of Ballynlinny 
inclusive, and the Rectories of Templepatrick, and Moyvliske, created the Manor 
of Ballynlinny, with Courts Leet and Baron. 

Co. Hntrilll. — The Towns and Lands of Ballynehowlane, Bally-Edward, 
Ballyhone, Ballynelige, BallymuUagrhfenro, Ballycregenconboy, Ballynenowlane, 
Ballymullnemossagh, Ballyrollo, Ballyrickard, Ballylissetlady, Ballycugelie, Bally- 
follard, and Ballyglin, within the Territory or Tuogh of Magheramorne, with that 
entire Territory, and all the Members and Hereditaments thereof 

do. Hntrim. — The Towns and Lands of Ballyistin, Ballynarranie, Bally- 
nowe alias Ballynue, Ballydowaghe, Ballyardmagh, Ballyardmaghbreegie alias 
Ballyarducabreegy, Ballyodowennewe alias Ballydowemowe, Ballyloghanmore, 
Ballydownedrewe alias Ballydonedrou alias Ballydowndren, Ballycorra, Bally- 
nevalla alias Hillynevely alias Ballyneboly, Ballynebantro, Ballycollan, Bally- 
lissenuskie alias Lissneliskie, Ballydrumneddarogh, and Ballyboy alias Ballyvoy, 
with a Fulling Mill and a Corn Mill there ; Ballylathnalarke, Ballybraconside, 
Ballyaltwicke, Ballytressnaitt alias Ballytrassnaiott, Ballynesheale, Ballymoden 
alias Ballymoieden, Ballynealbanagh, Ballyclogher, Ballynesavage alias Ballysavage, 
Ballynemeragh, Tubbernegill alias Ballylubbergill, Ballynewooddoge, Bally- 
clewarde, Ballymoy, Ballyhowell, BallyKilbride alias Kilbride, Ballyrashee alias 
Rashee, Ballyrashymore, Ballyrashybegg, Ballygoghry alias Ballygogie alias 
Ballycogie, Ballybealaghclare rt/Zaj- Ballyclare, and a Corn Mill; Ballyslowgromagh 
alias Ballyslowcronagh, Rathmore alias Ramore, Bally-Ilandragh alias Ilandreagh, 
Ballygallantrim alias Ballygallantrem, Ballycreighderry alias Ballycregyderry, 
Ballycomagh alias Ballycomna, Ballygonie alias Ballygowen, Ballynememis, Bally- 
necreggie alias Ballynecreigh, Ballyberom alias Ballyberran, Ballydownedrim, 
Ballyrannell, Ballyrathbegg alias Rabeg alias Dromagolgan, Ballymullen, Bally- 
croskennan, BallytoUynardolly alias Ijallytullynardullie, Ballyaltinvinley alias 
Ballyaltinvinsey alias Altahunshinagh, Ballyantrym alias Balliantrim, Ballykeile 
alias Ballykeele, Ballynormullen, Ballynelossanbegg alias Ballynelassanbegg, 
Ballycuggerie, Ballyard'moydoiegmore alias Ballyardmoydeegmore, Ballyardmoy- 
deigbegg alias Downagur, with a Fulling Mill and a Corn Mill there; all in the 
Territory or Tough of Moylinnie, and that entire Territory. 

(lO* HUttim, — The Towns and Lands of Ballyhulruske alias Ballytulruske 
alias Tullaruske, Ballym<^award, Ballygennenagroath alias Ballydromnegreagh, 
Ballydonnaghie, Ballykillerodan, Ballyboddar, and Ballyknockneferren, all within 
the Territory or Tinament of Clandermott, and that entire Territory. 

Co. Hnttlm. — The Rectory, Church, or Chapel of Glynne, and the ' 
Advowson, Presentation, and Right of Patronage of the same Church in the 



132 Old Belfast. 

Territory of Magheramorne. These Premises, with the Rectory of Antrim 
previously mentioned, the Abbey of Disert, the Rectories of Duryen and Dromald 
on the other side, created the Manor of MoyHnny, with Courts Leet and Baron. 

The Rectory or Chapel of Moyvlusk, containing two third parts of the Tithes 
thereof. The Rectory of Templeton alias Templepatricke, containing two thirds 
of the Tithes thereof. The Estate of the late Priory or Hospital of St. John of 
Jerusalem. The Advowson and Presentation to the said Church of Temple- 
patricke. 

An old religious House called the Friery of Masserine, with the Site and 
Appurtenances thereof, and the Town and Lands of Ballydonaghy in Ederdaowen 
upon the Six-Mile Water belonging to Masserine. 

A parcel of Land, situate on the South Bank of the River Owenviewe alias 
Six-Mile Water, near the House of Massarine and thereto belonging, late occupied 
by the Garrison there, and is near surrounded by an old Foss or Ditch, extending 
from Loughneagh near Owenviewe. The Abbey or Monastery of the Virgin 
Mary of Disert alias Kells, with the Site, Edifices, Orchards, Gardens, &c., thereto 
belonging. 

The Towns and Lands of BallytocallymuUen alias Ballycullymullan alias Kells, 
Ballym'^'Evagh, Ballickneldrome alias Ballickneldrone alias Kildrome alias Kells, 
Ballyfuguske alias Ballyfugask alias Ballyfuguskie, Ballycreagh alias Creagh alias 
Ballynecreggie, Carwacke, Ballyvillie, Hanultie alias Hamlete alias Avultie alias 
Ballylisnaquingally alias Lissneguggie, and Ballyferrnsures alias Ballynesures alias 
Ballyferensure, with all the Tithes of these Lands. 

The Rectories and Advowsons of the Vicarages of the Churches or Chapels 
of Duryen alias Dunyne and Dromald or Dromard alias Dromawlagh, in the 
Fuigh alias the Fyvagh alias Tuoghfuigh.* 

The Rectory or Chapel of Dough-Connor alias Connor. The Rectory or 
Chapel of Killwigh alias Killroote in Tuogh Braden-Island. 

The Church or Chapel of Ballynemeanagh. The Advowson and Patronage 
of the Vicarage of the said Church. 

All the Tithes belonging to the aforesaid Rectories, in which are included 
those of Templeoughtragh, in or near Glanarme, and of Kilkeevan, in the Island 
of Maguy. 

The Advowson, Presentation, and Right of Patronage of the Churches and 
Chapels of Dough-Connor alias Connor, and Kilwigh alias Kilroote. The Estate 
of said Abbey of Kells, with all other the Possessions thereof. 

The Towns and Lands of Ballydun and Ballymenihan, with their Tithes, 
parcel of the Preceptory of Ards, and the estate of the Hospital of St. John of 
Jerusalem. The Chapel or Grange of Templenelafyn in Island Maguy, with all 
the Tithes of the four Towns of Mullaskee, Mullastee the estate of the Monastery of 
Comber, the Church or Chapel and Tithes of Cranoge in Tuoghfall, the estate 
of the late Abbey of Bangor. 

The Advowson, Presentation, and Right of Patronage of the Rectories and 
Vicarages of Cramechill in Tuoghfuigh, Squirria alias Skerris in Knockboynabrady, 
and Rathkavan in Tuogh-Muntermurregan, in the Lower Clandeboy. 

The Impropriate Rectory and the Advowson and Presentation of the Vicarage 
of Cueill alias Coole in Carnemonie, which Rectory consists inter alia of two third 
parts of the Tithes of Corn and Hay of the Town and Lands of Carnemony alias 
Carmony, the estate of the Abbey of Woodburne. 

The Towns, Lands, and Tithes of Garrymore and Ballygreenlawy alias 
Ballygreenlawye in Tuoghlearne, and Ferry from Island-Magee to Oulderfleete. 

The late Abbey, Church, or House of Cistercian Friers of St. Augustine's 
Order of Inver, with the Site, &c. The Towns and Lands of Carneduffe. Bally- 
shagg alias Ballyhagg and Brundod, with the Tithes in Tuogh-Magherimorne in the 
Lower Clandeboy, and all other the estate of the said Abbey. 

The Abbey or Monastery of Woodborne, or Goodborne, with all the estate 
thereof [among which is tlie Church or Rectory impropriate of Killaloige alias 
Kildalog in the Rowte, mentioned in the Patent of 162 1]. [Except the Rectories of 
Killprioragh, Balydun, Kilkewan, and Templenelafine.] 

* In the Patent of 1621 here were added the Rectories of Dundermot and Roiswilike in the Rowte. 



Confirmation of the Chichester Patents. 133 

The Castle, Town, and Lands of Oulderfleete alias the Curran, containing 
Three Quarters, containing one hundred and eighty Acres English Measure. A 
parcel of Land adjoining or belonging to the late Church of Friers, called Clon- 
dumalles alias Dunmallis, near the Lands of Oulderfleete, North, and the Town of 
Larne, South, containing Fifteen Acres English Measure. AH the Tithes of 
Oulderfleete, Blackan alias Blackhave, and Grillanchill alias Grilbanchill belonging 
to the said Church. 

The Castle, Town, &c., of Portmucke. 

The Castle, Town, and Lands of Castle-Chichester. 

The House, Manor, Territory, and Lands of McGuiye's Island alias Magees- 
Island alias Ilandmagee, with all the Hereditaments thereof. Spiritual and 
Temporal. 

The aforesaid Premises of Olderfleete, Portmuck, Castle-Chichester, Island- 
Magee, Dunmallis, the Abbey of Inver, the Rectory of Glynne, the Lands of Carn- 
duffe, Ballyshagg, and Brendodd, created the Manor of Castle-Chichester, with 
Courts Leet and Baron. 

The total Rent to be paid for the above estates in the County of Antrim, 
^32 IS. %%^. 

ZQ), OX tbe UOWn of CarriCftferClUS.— The Castle or Mansion-House 
of his Lordship, now called Joymount, and lately called the Pallace alias the 
Storehouse, with all the Buildings, Gardens, Orchards, &c., in or near Carrick- 
fergus. 

The late Abbey, Monastery, or Priory of Carrickfergus, called St. Francis 
Fryorie, and lately named the Pallace, with the Site and all the Estate thereof in 
the County of Carrickfergus. 

A Piece of Ground on which Four Tenements were lately built in Water 
Street, surrounded with a Wall, and made part of the Court-yard of Joymount- 
House, containing in length from Spittlegate by the street, towards the said 
House, One hundred and forty-five feet or thereabouts, and backwards in breadth 
to the North about twenty-one feet. A Piece of Land, lying North of the said 
Four Tenements, on which his Lordship's Stables are built, belonging to said 
House. 

Two Watermills, called Chichester-Terrott's Mills, North-east of Carrickfergus. 
Seven Tenements on the Hill leading to the Scottish Quarter of the said Town. 
A Piece of Land near the said Mills, called Leadeland, and Raven's Acre. All 
the Messuages, Tenements, and Buildings without the Walls of Carrickfergus to 
the East, and bounded on the east by the River running along near the House 
late belonging to Robert Ellis ; on the South by the Sea ; on the North by the 
Orchard Wall of Joymount ; and on the West by the Town Wall, with the Back- 
sides, &c., thereof. All the Ground, Soil, or Land which Arthur late Lord 
Chichester had, or which the Lord Edward and the said Arthur his Son, or his 
Heirs, should recover from the Sea. A Messuage or Tenement called the Hospital 
of St. Brigid in Carrickfergus. A Stone House and an Acre of Land, more or less, 
late belonging to John White, Burgess, bounded South by the Land of said John 
White and Richard Sendall ; North by the old Rampier of the Town ; West by 
St. Nicholas's Church-Yard ; and East by the Stone Flouse formerly occupied by 
Egidius or Gyles Cornewall, deceased, and now by his Lordship. A House or 
Tenement, called Sendall's-Hall, alias Sendall's Old Stone, with a parcel of Land 
adjoining and therewith used. 

The moiety of a Burgage of Land, with the buildings thereon, in West Street, 
called Taaffe's half Burgage, containing in breadth next the Street Forty-two feet, 
and running back to the Church-Yard. Another half Burgage on the North side of 
West Street, between the aforesaid half Burgage, East, and Alderman T. Cooper's 
House and Land, West, containing in length to the Street Forty-two feet, and back 
to the Church-Yard, North. A Piece of Land, where the East-Mills, called the 
Double-Mills, lately stood, enclosed now with the Walls of Joymount Garden and 
the Town, with all the buildings thereon and the West-Mills. 

The Site, «S:c., of the Monastery of Woodborne alias Goodborne, with a parcel 
of land adjoining and the Tithes thereof. A parcel of Land, called Downe- 



134 Old Belfast. 

mallerewe, lying on the West of Woodborne. Two parcels of Land in the Field 
on the West side of the River of Woodborne. A parcel of Land in the Town and 
Fields of Carrickfergus, the reputed property of Nichs. Dobbin, Burgess, deceased, 
meared West by the Road to Glanarme ; North by Anthony Dobbin's Land, and 
by his Lordship's Land, East. Two parcels of Land, called Bridewell-Park, 
Greenemount, and Spittle-Park, between Glanarme-Way or Glanarumway and 
Copeland- Water, bounding on the lands of John Carne, East ; on the East-Mill 
Water Course, South ; by two parcels of Land belonging to Nichs. and Anth. 
Dobbin, West ; and by late J. Skullie's, North. A parcel of Land, lying South of 
the last parcel, about Twenty Perches long and Six broad, enclosed by a Ditch, 
and lately purchased by his Lordship of Sir Hercules Langford, Knt. 

A parcel of Land on the West side of the River Woodborne, bounded by the 
Road near Woodborne Abbey leading to the Garrison Pasture, East ; by the 
Lands assigned to Richd. Conlan and others, West ; by the High Road not far 
from the Sea, South ; and North, for the space of about Two hundred Perches, by 
the Garrison Pasture, 530 Acres English. 

A parcel of Land meared on the South by the Garrison Pasture ; on the North 
by Lands assigned to the Bishop of Down and others ; on the East by a High. 
Road for about Two hundred Perches westerly in length to the Mountain of 
Knocka, and granted by the Corporation of Carrickfergus to Sir Arthur Chichester 
by Indenture dated 28 October, 1606, 105 Acres English. 

The entire Circuit and Precinct of Land, arable, meadow, pasture, turbary, 
mountain, and bog, within the County of the Town of Knockfergus, lying between 
the Deer's Lane and Bruslee Ford, near Lurganreagh. And also two Aldermen's 
Shares in the Fields of Carrickfergus, between Glanarme and Copeland Water, 
lately purchased by his Lordship from Sir Thos. Hibbots, Knt., deceased. 

The Castle or Hall called Birlett-Hall or Castle, sometime in the possession 
of Sir Moses Hill, Knt., deceased, and after of Alderman T. Witter. The Castle, 
called Dobbin's Castle, and the Castle or Mansion House adjoining. A parcel of 
Land, Seventy Perches long and Thirty-eight broad. Another parcel One hundred 
and fourteen Perches long. Another parcel containing Twenty-four Acres. Another 
parcel Two hundred Perches long and Sixty-eight broad. 

A Messuage and a parcel of Land on the West side of the suburbs of Carrick- 
fergus. The Castle or Messuage in High Street, lately purchased from Francis 
Hill, Esq., and Mary Russell. A Messuage in said Street purchased from Michl. 
Newby. A ruinous Tenement in said Street, late occupied by M. Savage. A 
Messuage in said Street bought from Phelim Roe McGee. A Messuage next to 
that bought from Rd. Spearpointe. A parcel of Land near Joymount, now con- 
verted into a Backside or Bavvne, bought from Mary Russell. A parcel near the 
Brew-House, and purchased from the Corporation. 

A parcel where a Messuage is built, late occupied by Thomas Kirkpatrick. 
A parcel of Land adjoining. A piece of Ground called the Widow Bird's Garden. 
A Messuage, bounded by the Church-Yard, inhabited by Robert Walsham. 

The Town'and Lands of Marshalstowne. 

A parcel of Land near Woodborne, called Scoute's-Bush, alias Lettice-Land,. 
bounded by the Sea, South-west, and by the Road to the Knocka, North. 

The Total Rent to be paid for rhe above Estates in the County of the Town 
of Carrickfergus, ^2 7s. 7|2d. p. Ann., subject to a fine of ^10 whenever the 
Crown should build the Walls of Carrickfersfus. 



'&' 



County BOWnC— The Town and Lands of Ballynefeighe, at a yearly 
rent of ^'o 7s. gd. 

All the Premises in the County of the Town of Carrickfergus, and the County 
of Down, created the Manor of Joymount, with Courts Leet and Baron. 

County of 2)0negalL— City and Liberties of Derry, and County 
OF Derry. — The entire Barony, Territory, and Circuit of Land of Inishowen and 
O'Dogherty's Country, with all the Rights, Members, and Appurtenances thereof. 
Spiritual and Temporal. All the Lands within Loughswilly and Loughfoyle, or 
elsewhere in the Sea, Bays, and Creeks within or near the said Territory. 



Confirmation of the Chichester Patents. 135 

■ The Castle, Manor, or House and Tuogh of Ellagh, and all the Castles, 
Towns, and Quarters of Lands of Ellaghmore, Drumdryne alias Drumadrene alias 
Dundreane, Ellaghbegg, and Ballynegalleagh alias Ballynecalleagh. 

The Towns and Lands of Magherenicarr alias Magherencar, Bonemayne, 
Coskeyne, Mastimelan, Ballym<^rowertie alias Ballym'^growertie, Lisfannon, Skyoge, 
Tompge, Skygaden, Carrowreagh, Camesanocke alias Carroneshenagh, Bally- 
derdaowen alias Ballyederdaowen, Killm<'Killaveny alias Killm<=Killveny, Garvey 
alias Garvegerry, Tullywonyn alias Tullywasinn, Ballyena, Gortcarmagan, Derry- 
vaughan alias Derryvaine alias Crossihowell, Soppock, Drumhegerty, Carnamoyle, 
Uskeheyne alias Uskeyheyne, Ardmore, Creigh alias Creigg, Ballyarnell, Mough 
alias Muffe, Dromskallon, Ture, Aughte, Ardocryne, Trometragh, Caroncule, 
Cabragh, Crehenan, Minbaltony, The House called White-Castle, Rowskey, Car- 
ronmore in Glantagher, Carronvleigh alias Carronbleagh, Cearrhan, Altoughan, 
Gallywelly alias Galboyly, Cashell in Glantagher, Ballyvloske alias Ballybloskie, 
Carrick-Iwoden alias Carrick-Iwhoden in Glannygannon, Tullanree alias Tullagh- 
naree, Magherynedroman, Carronreagh in Glannygannon, Clare alias Claremore, 
Ballyratton, Tullynavin, Tavynegallon alias Tavenaghgallon, Tullyalla alias Taven- 
enogla. Two Townlands, The Mountains of Evasabreedy and Minnemarragh, 
Some, Mynaneagh, Sallgillanow, Slewsnaght, Mynabroughtduffe, Glanard- 
gavenagh, Myneauly, The Shell-Islands in Loughfoile. The Premises thus far 
created Manor of Ellagh, with Courts Leet and Baron. 

Co. Qit 2)0UCGnU. — Barony Enishowen.— The Castle, Manor, Lord- 
ship, Tuogh, Lands, and Hereditaments of Greene-Castle alias Newcastle. 

The Towns and Lands of Ballym'^Arthur alias Ballym'^Arthull, Fardrome, 
Crehue alias Crehugh, Ballyelehan alias Ballyeaghan, Carrontrassan alias Carron- 
trasnah, Shrone, with the Port or Creek of Portsallagh alias Enversallagh and 
Shrone. The Castle called Redcastle, alias Carrickm'^quivellen. The Town and 
third part of Cloncroe, Ballyargus, Dronge alias Urunge, and Ballylane. The 
Towns and Lands of Culladoe alias Culladowe alias Ballywoggery, Bradeaughlin 
alias Tirrowe, Ballynally, Carrongarrowe alias Carnegarve, Ballybracke, Dromwyre 
a//<jj Dromawyer, Glanygovenagh, Masoaglindf/zaj-Glanganvyn and Minlitterbeale. 
The Mountain of Creggnamaddie. The Town and Lands of Carronbegg, Bally- 
m'^garronie, and Carronvleigh in Turmone. The Hamlets of Leckemy, Ballybrinn, 
and Dromley alias Drumiley. The Towns and Lands of Carronmenagh alias 
Carronmanagh. The Mountain of Carrahenshefeigh. The Towns and Lands of 
Leotrim-O'CuUenan, Ballycarry, Tirm^'cowra alias Tirm'^crowra, Dunagreynan, 
Kindroyde alias Kinderhed alias Kindroghed, Dristernan, Aughatubritt alias 
Aughatubridd, Monadoragh alias Monadragh, Aughagalasson ^//oi- Aughaglasson, 
Wort alias Woart, Waskill, Caronmore in Glanyla alias Glandeela, Cashel in 
Glanyla. The Island of Enistrahull alias Enistrahell in the Sea. The Premises 
thus far created the Manor of Greenecastle, with Courts Leet and Baron. 

Co. H)OnC0Hll. — Barony of Enyshowen.— The Castle, Manor, or Lord- 
ship, Town, and Tuogh of Boncranagh. 

The Towns and Lands of Ballyenry alias Ballyeneery and Tullyarvill alias 
Tullyarvelly. The Mountain of Duntersen, reputed parcel of Tullyarvill. The 
Towns and Lands of Slydran and Bal]ym<=ganny. The Half-Towns and Lands of 
Toneregee, Ballym'"carry, Tullydush, and Aughachullie alias Aughachillie. The 
Towns and Lands of Arderayman, and the Mountain of Cregcumber, reputed 
parcel thereof. The Towns and Lands of Monywory alias Monygworry, and 
Granygoagh alias Gransheag alias Grange, and the Mountain of Myndecallagh 
alias Mintecalleagh. The Towns and Lands of Luddan alias Sluddan, Trillagee, 
Clonm'^gee aZ/aj- Clum'^kee, Glassault, Altosheyne, Carne, Rosscyeny (^?//aj- Rasheny, 
Caronreagh, Ballym'=geene, Maherenale alias CregnamuUen, Fugarte, Laggacurrie, 
Carrickbrackie a/Za^' Carnebraghey, Ballym^murierlie alias Ballym'^morierlie, Tully- 
nabrattie, Dowygillen, Ardaghee, Ballylovrin alias Ballyluffin, Cloagh, Monyclohine 
alias Monyclogheyne, Altehalle alias Altoghallagh, Rouskie, Dunally, Cressconnell, 
Rosemagh alias Rosemagha, Downane alias Downaffe, Litter alias Letter, 
Crishmanagh, Lynan in Erris, Inver alias Dunreigh, Lethderrigg alias Laghbun, 



136 



Old Belfast. 



Monagh alia^ Munagh, Monaloobane alias Monaloovane, Lislyn alias Lisloyne, 
Lyowen, and Gortearagan. The Towns or Half Quarters of Moughkinnagowa, 
Toughanakinnagowa, Connackinnagowa, and Fillaskie alias Ardagh-Ikinnagowa. 
The West part of the Mountain of Sleanemayne, reputed parcel of Fillaskie. 
The Towns and Lands of Crislecoule alias Crislocule, Crisloghmore, Tubbane- 
carrowe alias Tubbanecarrogh, Carronamaddy, Monespinoge, Castlecoule alias 
Cashellcoallie, Macullenbegg alias Maghcullenbegg, Macullenmore, Moynassee 
alias Mughnassee, Moughlena alias Mullena, Dromgovan alias Dromgowan, 
Grahgeagh alias Grange a/Zcij- Ballymannagh in Birt, MuUovirt alias Mullagbirt, and 
Tullade alias Tullaghade. The Mountains of Ellaes, Some, and Mintoulogh. 
The Island of Inch alias Inishneostree alias Inishneostrey, containing Eight 
Quarters in Lough Swillie. The Island or Rock called Seal-Island alias Glas- 
hyedie in the Sea, near the Quarter of Land of Carrickeybrackey, with the Fishing 
for Seals there. The Premises thus far created the Manor of Boncranagh, with 
Courts Leet and Baron 

Co. 5)OnC0Hll. — Barony of Enyshowen.— The Castle, Manor, and 
Lordship or Circuit of Malyne alias Maulyn. 

The Towns and Lands of Ballycarran, Glangadd, Ballyhaneitragh alias 
Ballyeighan-Itragh, Ballyeighanwotrath alias Ballyhannowtrath, Dromcarbett, 
Carronmore alias Carrowmore in Malyne, Ballyellihane, Ballagh, Norrira alias 
Forrira, Cranegeny-Forrira, Carronvleigh in Malyne, Drunge, Cullin, Tullaugh 
alias Anisnager, Ballyeddidy alias Ballyedogie, Knocknamany, Knockglasse, 
Downane, Coronobate alias Coronbate, Colewart alias Grange of Colewart, known 
and called Coolewart-Itragh and Coolewart-oughtragh, Kenaght alias Kenaugh, 
Ballykenny, Ballyknawsie, Drumaskeagh alias Anisnager, Goorie, Vrigh alias 
Brigh, and a Rock called Stuckeruden, reputed parcel thereof. Ardmalyne alias 
Ardmanlyne, and the Rocks of Rowemanlyne and the Creek or Port of 
Porterrownan being parcels thereof. Ballygorman and the Rocks of Garue-Iland, 
with the Seal Fishing there, and an ancient Chapel, called Templemurgalla, 
reputed parcel of Ballygorman. The Ferry over the River or Arm of the Sea, 
called Loughfoile, from Greenecastle, Co. of Donegal, to Termonmaggillegan, Co. 
of Derry, with one or more Boats — To take for the passage of every Man, 3d. ; 
every Horse, Ox, or Cow, 6d. ; every horse-load, 2d. ; every Sheep, id., and so 
rateably for all other beasts, by Patent 20 Nov., 1621. 

The Premises thus far created the Manor of Maulyn, with Courts Leet and 
Baron. 

Co. IDOnCQall. — barony of enyshowen.— ah the Rights of Patronage, 
Presentations, and Advowsons of the Churches, Rectories, and Vicarages of 
Culdagh alias Culdafgha, Clonca alias Cloncagha, Donnaghclantaghe alias 
Dounaghclancagher, Clonmony alias Clonmanny, and Desertegney alias Drister- 
teigney, Fathen alias Fawen, and all other Churches, Chapels, &c., within Inish- 
owen alias O'Dogherty's Country in the Patent of 162 1. Four Salmons every day 
for ever out of the Salmon Fishing at CuUmore, or near Cullmore Fort, in Lough- 
foyle, during the Fishing Season. The Fishings of Boncranagh and Strabreage 
alias Traybreage. All Waifs, Estrays, Mines, Quarries, Wrecks, Courts, Free 
Warren, and Liberty toimpaik any quantity of Land, of and in the Manors afore- 
said in Co. Donegal. 

The Total Rents for the aforesaid Lands in the Counties of Donegal and 
Londonderry, ^36 14s. iid. 

Co. XTprOllC. — Barony of Dongannon.— The Entire Manor, Fort, and 
Castle of Dongannon. The Town and Lands of Dongannon alias Dromcowe 
tdias Killm'Cullen, and a Watermill on the Lands of Brough, near Dungannon. 
The Towns and Lands of Kenemeale, Carroghelmallcrosse alias Gortnaganine- 
brough, Dungorman alias Dromgorman alias Moyvall alias Dungarman, Kille- 
quinn alias Killaquin, Clontemolke, Colchill alias Coolehills Gortmarren alias 
Portmarren, Moycashall alias Moyegeshell, Lism^'dermott, Knocksallagh, Killa- 
urfey, MuUaterrory, Lisganine alias Lisgane, Mullareagh alias Lismullareagh, 



Confirmation of the Chichester Patents. 137 

Mulleoran, Dromlee, Lissamenan, Donatade alias Donadeade alias Dromastrade, 
Derrycreevy, Coolecloish alias Cooleclosh alias Coolecosh alias Strangmore, 
Droghvane alias Droghneboaghie alias Lisboy, Dromenehugh alias Lemoneheltan, 
Droghill alias Drean alias Droan alias Aughanacloagh, Tempane alias Tempaneroe, 
Cooleneknough alias Coolenegnughe, Dromeagh alias Altenovenoge alias Broagh- 
derge alias The Red Foorde, Derrymeene ali((s Derryveene, Heskeragh alias 
Killcarragh alias Knockequinn, Call alias Lislaquith, Killedanah'as Killedoone alias 
Cooleacurragh, Mullaghmore, Ardoliske alias Ardoluske alias Dromederdalogh, 
Tereneskill alias Terenekeilmore alias Terenekeilbegg, Clonduffe alias Cloneduske, 
Mulletedoone alias Mullaghedon alias Clonkinshan, and Cessaghbuey. 

Go, of XlpCOnC. — Barony of Dungannon. — The dissolved House of 
Franciscan Friers near Dungannon, with the Site thereof, and the Towns and 
Lands of Mullanehaye alias Mullanahath alias Mullaghdrolley, Tanagh alias 
Anagh alias Annagh alias Annaghbegg, Moylaboy alias Mullaboy alias Mulbuy 
alias Dromyntum alias Dooregarmuly, Killnemaddie alias Killamaddy alias 
Knockaboney alias Mullaghloghernagh. The Estate of said Friery. All these 
Lands created the Manor of Dungannon, with Courts Leet and Baron, Waifs, 
Estrays, Mines, Free Warren, and liberty to impark any quantity of Land within 
the Manor of Dungannon. 

Total Rents of Lands in County of Tyrone, ^i8 14s. 6d. 

Cit^ of IDUblin.— A Water-Mill and Pond and a Horse-Mill, parcel of 
St. Mary's Abbey in or near Dublin. To pay the Rent of Ten Shillings after the 
end of a Lease made 28 August, 17 anno Eliz. to T. Earl of Ormond, ^o los. od. 

Liberty to hold Two hundred Acres or thereabouts in Demesne in the several 
Manors of Dungannon, Ellagh, Greencastle, Boncranagh, and Maulyn. Power to 
create Freeholders in all the Manors. Licence to make Parks, with Free Warren 
and Chace. Dated 22 Septr.^ 1640. Inrolled 16 Sepir., 1667. 

Whereas King James I., by Patent dated 20 Nov., 1621, amongst divers other 
things, granted to Arthur Lord Chichester and his Heirs, for ever, Loughneagh 
alias Lough Chichester, &c. And whereas Edwd. Visct. Chichester and his son 
Arthur, now Earl of Donegal, according to the letters of King Charles L dated 24 
Septr., 1638, did, to comply with his Majesty's occasions, surrender the same, and 
in consideration thereof was to have a Pension (to themi both for life) or Rent-Charge 
of £40 a-year, with liberty to fish for their own Provisions upon the said Lough, 
and with Eel Fishings at, in, or near Toome. And whereas finding John Visct. 
Massereene possessed of the Premises, and having made a lease to him thereof, at 
the Rent of /40 for the first Seven years and /50 for the remainder, the King 
(pursuant to Privy Seal, dated at Whitehall 28 Feb., 1660) granted and confirmed 
to Arthur Earl of Donegal and his heirs, for ever, all the said P'ishings and 
Fishing Places of what kind soever in the said Loughneagh and Toome alias 
Lough-Sidney alias Lough-Chichester, and in the River of the Bann, with all the 
Soils and Islands within the same, from the said Lough unto the Rock or fall of 
Water called the Salmon Leap in the said River, together with certain Eel Wears 
in and upon the Bann. To hold the same as they had been granted by King 
James L, and also all Rents reserved, due, or payable out of the Premises, upon 
any Lease or Leases heretofore made to the said John Visct, Massareene. jd July, 
1661. 

King James I. having, by two different Patents bearing date 20 Nov., 1621, 
granted to Arthur Lord Chichester, Baron of Belfast, and to his Heirs, divers 
Lands in the Counties of Antrim, Tyrone, Londonderry, Donegal, and Co. of the 
Town of Carrickfergus, which were created into several Manors, with power to 
hold a Law-Day or Court of Record once in every three weeks before Seneschals 
of his and their appointing, and therein to .hold Pleas of all Actions of Debt, 
Trespass, &c., not exceeding ^20, and to receive the Fines of the said Courts ; to 
appoint Prisons, Bailiffs and other Officers, and to have the executing and 
returning of all Writs within the said Manors, and a Liberty to hold divers 
Markets and Fairs, as in the said Patents expressed ; to build Tan-Houses and to 
tan Leather, and to appoint a Say-Master and Clerk of the Market. And the said 



138 



Old Belfast. 



Markets, Fairs, and Privileges having been omitted to be inserted in the Letters 
Patent of King Charles L granting and confirming all the said Lands, under the 
Commission for remedy of defective Titles, and the Lands of Ballynefeigh in 
Co. Down being thereby made part of the Manor of Joymount, Arthur Earl of 
Donegal applied to the King for a new Grant to him and his Heirs of all the 
aforesaid Markets, Fairs, Courts, and other Privileges, and that the said Lands of 
Ballynefeigh might be made part of the Manor of Belfast, being situated near and 
more convenient to the parcel thereof, and grant the like Privileges to the new 
created Manor of Joymount as had been annexed to the other Manors by the 
Patents of King James. All which the King, by Privy Seal, dated at Whitehall 
7 August, 1668, directed to be done, which was accordingly performed by this 
Patent, separating the said Lands from Joymount and annexing them to the 
Manor of Belfast ; granting to him and his Heirs to hold the said Law-Day or 
Court of Record within the Manors of Belfast, Ballinlinny, Moylinny, and Castle- 
Chichester ; to hold a Thursday Market and a fair i Septr., and the day after, at 
Antrim ; a Friday Market and two Fairs on i August, and the Feast of St. Simon 
and St. Jude, and the day after each, at Belfast ; to build a Tan-House in every of 
the said Manors, and tan Leather ; to appoint a Say-Master and Clerk of the 
Market in every of the said Manors ; to hold a Thursday Market and two Fairs 
on Monday next after the Feast of Saints Philip and Jacob, and on Monday next 
after Michaelmas Day and the day after each, at Dungannon ; a Market and two 
Fairs on i Augt. and 2 Novr., and the day after each at Cloncroe or Cloneroe 
near Red-Castle in Inishowen ; a Friday Market and two Fairs on 31 Augt. and 
30 April, and the day after each, at Boncrannagh. A Law-Day or Court of Record, 
with all the aforesaid Privileges annexed to the Manor of Joymount, with Free 
Warren, &c., &c. Inrolled 12 July ^ i66g. {Pinkerton MSS.) 



2)escriptiou of Hr^c6 :Baron\\ In tbc County of 

2)own, 16S3. 

By WiLLL\M Montgomery. 




HE Barony of Ardes is thick and well peopled, being above 
Seventeen miles long and three broad, is separated (on the South 
end thereof) from Lecahill by a great Flux and reflux of the sea 
(thence called Strong Ford River) a musket Shot over, in which, 
near the Ardes side, under an hill (by the Irish called banckmore) 
there is a whirle-poole or eddy of the returning Tides, called by the 
Scotch the rowling weelefrom the Loud Sound it sometimes makes, 
near to which if small boats come (except about full sea, when the 
water is smelt), it is said they will be suckt in and swallowed up, 
and that a great Vessell with a Topsaill gale doth pass through it 
hardly without being laid about : yet in this last century we have 
not heard of one boat or person lost by it : from thence in a 
quarter of a League stands the market town of Portaferry, where great barks do anchor, and 
at low ebb lye dry, and as much sea further brings great ships up to a Land's end (which from 
an hill that runs into the said river is) called Ballyhendrypoint, giving them under shelter 
thereof a spacious harbour, safe from the North and East winds' iury. Some pretenders 
have offered to find good coal here, but their want of money and incouragement hath hindered 
the tryal thereof. There is another harbour just opposite thereunto, on Lacahill side (called 
from a castle al)ove it) Audley's Road, belonging to Nicholas Ward, of Castle Ward, Esqr., 
who hath a pleasant seat, buildings and plantations near unto it. And over against Portaferry 
there is a good Creek or Bay for barks, where they lie at Anchor in five fathoms at the Lowest 
ebb. This is beneath Strongford town, where is the residence and othce of the Collector and 
Customer for ports adjacent. Moon at due South causelh high water at the Bar of the said 
River of Strongford. This Barony is divided in lower and upper, otherwise called the little 
and great Ardes, the first whereof, next Lacahill, send every winter great store of good 



Description of Ardes Barony, 1683. 



139 



Wheat, Bear, Oats, and Barley to Dublin and elsewhere, and all the Eastern coasts thereof 
abounds with fishes, as herrins in harvest ; also Cod, Ling, Graylords (which are near as big 
as Cod), whiteings, Bavins, large dog fish. Haddocks, Mackrells, Lithes, Blockans, Lobsters, 
and crabs, and hath good cattle, especially sheep, which feeding on y« oare, keep wholesome 
and fat all winter and spring time ; within the Land are divers Loughs in which are store of 
Pike and Eels, Ducks, teel and widgion, and Swans; the Hills whereof, some be craggy 
and full of Furs and heath, and the Fern and pasture fields afford Partridge, Quails, Curliw, 
and Plover of both sorts, and some store of rabbets. This whole Territory doth much want 
fuell, for with great paines they make it of Bogg mud, claped together and formed with 
hands, and turned often to dry in the Sun ; but the gentry supply themselfs with Coals from 
England and Scotland. This lower half Barony was planted by a collony and recruits of the 
English, when de Courcy pierced into these parts of Ulster and sackt down Patrick. The 
chief name and commander of that collony is Savage, who, with the Assistance of the Russells, 
Fitzsymons, Audleys, Jordans, and the Welshes of Lecahill, and the Whites and others of 
the County of Antrim (many of which Familys depended on and were followers to the 
Savages), have hitherto kept their ground ag'- all the incursions of the Oneals and divers 
clans, their vassalls, altho the York and Lancastrian broils drew many of their people to take 




J^RK^^j Wa»^ &^ \* 



RUINS OF PORTAFERRY CASTLE. 



the part they wished best to which was the York side. The chief of those Savages was stiled 
in Grants from Queen Elizabeth Lord of the little Ardes ; his Castle is that of Portaferry aforesaid, 
the Largest Pile of them all, and a fair slated house, anno 1635, is added thereunto, the chief 
(then being) having married a Daughter of the first Lord Viscount Montgomery of the great 
Ardes, a Second and an Antient Family of the same Savages is that of Arkin, it is of good 
account and hath also another Castle called Scatrick, both are very tenable for war if fortifyed 
and repaired, of whose Family one Cadet, Rowland Savage, since King James his Entry to 
England, hath built the two Castles of Ballygalgotand Kirkestown, being high Square piles as 
are usuall in Ireland, and gave the Same with Lands adjoyning to two of his Sons, about which 
are divers Irish papist housholds (but inconsiderable) mingled with the british near Portiferry. 
Northwestward is the old Abbey of Arquin, with Seven Towns (the Bishop's Lands) 
leased to John Echlin, Esq., whose father was the Grandson of one of the Same Sirname ; 
Bishop of Down at the beginning of the British plantation under King James aforesaid. 
These Lands are Said to be given to the Church by Savage of Portiferry, in an expiatory 
devotion or penitentiary benevolence when all Ireland was popish. The Said Mr. Echlin 



I40 Old Belfast. 

hath alsoe Severall Townlands in free-hold belonging to a great ruinous Pyle called Castleboy, 
once the Seat of the Pryor of St. John's in the Ardes, which hath amannor Court also, there is 
likewise on the Eastern Shore (one league and an half from the Said Bar) Quintinbay Castle, 
with an house adjoyning thereto in good repair, with a Stone walled Court or Bawn and 
Flankers, all which (except the Pyle) Sr. James Montgomery, Knt. (who purchased the same 
and Lands thereunto belonging from Smith a defender of the Late Chief Savage), and his Son 
and Heir William, built and repaired. It commands the Bay, which can receive a Bark of fifty 
Tuns burthen. Near it is a ruinouse pyle called New Castle, which, with divers town 
Lands adjoyning, belong to James Hamilton, Esq., thence, on the Same Coast, three miles 
northward, stands Kirkestown Castle (which, and Quintinbay, are the only pyles in repair 
in this half Barony), whose late erected Garden Walls are washed with a pleasant fresh 
Lough near the Sea and opposite to the South rock. This James McGill of Ballymonestragh, 
Esqr. , hath improved much by building walls and houses, and repairing in and about it. He 
lately purchased the Same and Some Townlands adjoyning from the Grandson of the Said 
Cadet of Arkin, and hath also built a windmill which is Seen far of at Sea and Serves (in day 
time) in good steed as a land mark for Saylors to avoid y^ North and .South Rocks aforesaid — 
Noted in all maps for the misfortunes that ships, Especially forreigners, have had on them in 
Stormy and dark weather. So that it were to be wished a light house were maintained there. 
Next lyes a Small Island called green Isle, and a Lesser patch of Rocky Land called buriall, 
which are the most Easterly parts of Ireland, being a place where vessells often ly at Anchor, 
expecting the desired wind to run their begun Course. This is the furthest north Extent of 
this lower half Barony, which hath in it the Small parishes hereafter named (viz'), Baliy- 
phillip, B'trustan, Slane, Woughtercastleboy, Arquin and Arkin, All which are now Served 
but in two places, to Witt, at Arkin and Portferry, which last only hath a Large Church in 
good repair, the rest are unroofed. I conclude the description of the Said Territorys with a 
brief Remark on y^ .Savages aforesaid, that they have always been a Stout and Warlike 
people, Loyall to the Crown of England, who, however they might have had Some Civil broyles 
amongst themselves, and became (as many noble English Families in Leinster, Munster, and 
Connaught) too much addicted to the Irish Customes and exactions, yet they are now as much 
civillized as the british, and doe live decently and conformably to the Church, and enjoy houses. 
Orchards, and inclosed fields, and hold all the possession they had at the entry of King James 
aforesaid (except Kirkestown and the Lands adjoyning. before mentioned, which, nevertheless, 
of the late purchase made thereof, doth pay chiefree to the Castle of Arkin and doe Suite to the 
Courts Leet and Baron of the Mannor thereof), they having renew'd their pattents pursuant to 
the commission of Grace for defective Titles granted in y*^ reign of his Late Maj"^ of Glorious 
Memory. Then next to the Lower half Barony, mearing on the North, is the great Ardes, 
wherein are B. Halbert and B.Walter parishes (in the last is a Small Village, a slate quarrey, 
a creek for small boats, and a place very fitt for a great Harbour, both lately belonging to 
the last Earl of Clanbrazill, if a Key, as was intended by the said Earle, were built there. 
In these parishes are handsom slated houses lately built by John Bayly, Hugh Montgomery, 
and Hugh Hamill, Esqrs., Justices of the Peace, raised from the ground on their respective 
fee-farms, all within prospect of the firth between Scotland and Ireland. Contiguous and a 
little more Northerly, on the west side of this half Barony, is Gray Abbey parish, half 
whereof by Pattent from the Laie King Charles (of Glorious Memory) belongs to William 
the Son and heir of Sr. James Montgomery aforesaid, in which is a double-roofed house 
with four flankers, .Stables, and all needfull office houses, all Slated and built after the foreign 
and English manner with outer and inner courts walled about and surrounded with pleasant 
Gardens, Orchards, meadows and pasture inclosures under view of the said house (called 
Rosemount, from which the manor thereof taketh name). The same was finished by the 
said Sr. James An° 1634, only some small convenient additions of building and orchards are 
lately made by his said Son. King James granted a Port to be at Gray Abbey Island, with 
Pilotage, Anchorage, Keelage and other advantages and privileges to the same, and licenced 
Exportation of all native comoditys thereout except Irish Yarn ; but there is no trade there 
at this time. Near and in view of Rosemount-house are the walls of a Large Abbey of 
curious work, ruinated in Tyrone's Rebellion ; it is called in inquisitions and Pattents 
Abathium de Jugo dei ; in Irish, Monestrelea ; in English, Gray or hoar Abby, from the 
order of Fryers who enjoyed it, and had belonging to thereunto all its one parish in 
te?nporalilnis et spiritualibus, and also diverse lands in the County of Antrim with Tythes 
there and in the lower Ardes, in Lecahill, the Isle of Man, and high lands of Scotland. 
Near it is a spring of excellent water. Campion reports that y^ first donation of lands to it 
was An° I189 or 1190, which was in de Courcy aforesaid his time ; the Church thereof was 
new roofed, slated, and reedifyed, and a yard thereunto walled about, and a competent 
stipend given for a Curat by y'= said first Lord Montgomery ; about a mile thence is a small 
ruined Abl)ey, with some lands adjoyning, called black Abbey, from Fryars of that coloured 
habit belonging to the Lord Primate in right of his See of Ardmagh ; the rest of his parish, 



Description of Ardes Barony, 1683. 



141 



being l,ooo acres at 19 foot to y^ pearch, belongs to S""- Robert Collvell, Knight, by late 
purchase. Then is the parish of Donnoghadee — a Large Manor belonging to the Earl of 
Mont Alexander — wherein is a fair slated Church in shape of St. Geo. Cross, having four 
roofs meeting in the middle, and a Bell Tower ; here is a Large Key, a great work, all built 
by the said first Lord Montgomery, and an handsome market Town of the same Name with the 
parish, which is the usuall Port for transportation of horses and cattle to England, and is the 
nearest to Port Patrick in ScotFand. About a mile and half from the Town Southward is 
Patrick Montgomery, Esq., his house of Creboy slated, seen far at sea, having Orchards and 
inclosures about it, and within a mile and a-half are quarreys of slate, which are used at Belfast, 
Carrickfergus, and elsewhere. Then ab'- two miles northwards from the said Town is James 
Ross, of Portavo, Esq., his great house and large office-houses all of stone, brick, and lime, 
slated ; gardens walled in, and many well-fenced pastures, all his own erection, since his maj'''^^- 
happy restoration. In view thereof Copland Isles, part of his Estate, convenient places for a 
Deer Park, a warren, and other chases. About a mile more northerly is Graham's Port, a Key 
and harbour for small boats ; these two last-mentioned places are in Bangor Parish, which 



s'-liL- '•-., 




ARDKEEN CHURCH. 



belonged to the said last Earl of Clanbrazill. And from thence the next considerable is the 
Town corporate (a market one) of the same name with the parish ; it hath a Provost, 12 
burgesses (and freemen made so by them), it sends two men (who are chosen by the burgesses 
and Provost) to sit in Parliam'-, it hath Denomination from an eminent Monastery (whereof 
some walls yet stand) believed to be the mother, at least the Eldest Daughter of Banchor ia 
Wales ; there is a Large Church and a Bell Tower which were in part of the Monkish 
buildings, but raised out of its rubbage much reedifyed, and wholly roofed and slated, by 
James, first Lord Claneboys, who also built a great stable and other houses, and planted 
Orchards, and fenced in ground near unto the same, and is a noble seat capable of Improve- 
ments. In the middle of this Town is a large lofted, slated house, which serves a master which 
teacheth Latin for a dwelling and the Scholars for a School. At the end of the Town is a 
small Baylor barks, and on it a large slated house, double lofted, intended at first for a 
Custom house, both built by the said Lord Claneboy, from hence is the usuall passage over 
the Lough to Carrickfergus. And now, having traced all the North-east Coast of the whole 
Barony, let us note that all along from hence to the Bar of Strongford River the inhabitants 



142 Old Belfast. 

do manure and dung the Land with Sea Oar, by them called Tangle, which being spread 
on it and plowed down makes Winter Grain and Summer Barley grow in abundance, and 
clean, without weeds, codes, or tares. The roads are pleasant and smooth in depth of 
Winter. Now returning to Gray Abbey, which is the center, and on the West side of this 
Barony, we come next to view newtown Parish, which is a large mannor. The Town of the 
same name, called in Irish Ballynoit, is five miles of good smooth way distant from Gray 
Abbey. It hath a weekly good market and is incorporated, and sends men to Parliament, &c. , 
as Bangor doth. Here is a fair neat circular building, octagonall, all hewn free stone, carved, 
painted, and guilded, with a small door and Stayres ascending to a battlement (which is breast 
high from the Vault) within it, and from the Pavement of the said Vault issue divers spouts, 
carved with several! Antiqz heads, which at the Coronation and Nativity days of our King 
disembogue wine to the glad and- merry multitude. In the middle of this Fabrick, and upon 
the Vault aforesaid, stands a pillar of hewn Stone of Eight squares, 20 feet high, with a Lyon 
Syant on the Top. This piece of work is called the Market Cross, whence are made publick 
(with the Town Solemnities) all proclamations that come from the Chief Governour of this 
Kingdome. The body of this Fabrick, which is seen of four Streets, hath the King's Arms 
fronting to the great Street, and the Town Armes on another Square thereof, thus, blazoned 
Azure, a Crescent with both horns upward proper, from the nombrill whereof riseth a dexter, 
arm and hand Armed, holding a flower de luce, reaching to the chiefe of the coat or ; also 
other Shields armoriall belonging to the said first Lord Montgomery, and to his Matches and 
Allies, with the badges of these Kingdoms are on the rest of the Squares aforesaid. 
In this Town (which hath good Springs and Pump Wells, and a brook or bawn at each end 
of the great Street) there is a Free Schoole, with good incouragement for a master to teach 
Latin, Greek, and Logick, given by the said S"" Robert Colvill, who is purchaser and 
Proprietor of the said Town and all the Lands in the parish. There is also a fair long 
Church, part whereof were the walls of a priory which stood there ; but new walls were 
erected and a new Church (which hath a Square Tower five Storys high, and a great bell in 
it, joyned without any partition but large freestone Pillars and Arches), all which were roofed, 
slated, and made by the said first Lord Montgomery in his lifetime, and by his order after his 
death ; and contiguous to the old church walls, where stood the said Lord's house that was 
accidentally burned Anno 1664, S"' Robert Colvill aforesaid hath in few years, from the 
foundation, built up a large doul)le-roofed house, stables, coach-houses, and all other 
necessary or convenient edifices, with inner, outward, and back courts, and spacious well- 
planted olitory, fruit, and pleasure Gardens, which have Fish Ponds, Spring Well, long and 
broad Sanded Walks, and Bowling Green, all thereof walled about and reared (with divers 
curious hewn stone Gates, uniformly regarding one another in a regular and comely manner) ; 
the whole considered, there is few such, and so much work to be seen any one dwelling in 
Ireland, nor any so great done by a Gentleman at his own expence. Near Newtown is a 
piece of ground called Killtonga, in which hath been the cell of some devout person, but few 
remains thereof are now to be seen. This lyes on the North side, but towards the South of the 
Town stands the ruinous walls of the Church of an Antient Abbey, called Movilla, which had 
large revenues Scatered at distance from it ; now it is inclosed with an old wall, which serves 
for a cemetary to the whole Parish and Town. None but persons of the best sort being buried 
in the said new-built Church, which was parcell of the Priory aforesaid. The said house. 
Gardens, and Church Stand on a levell, and on the head of Lough coan, which is salt water, 
13 mile long and five broad at some places, which washeth all the West side and South end of 
this Barony, and hath in it many Islands, whereof some are accessible at low water, for it 
ebbs above two miles and more downwards from Newtown, leaving a Large Strand ; and 
hath also in it oysters, which are dregged in deep water, and some gathered from rocks on 
which they grow, and from of the banks within the sea, which are thrown thereon after great 
South and West winds, being left bare at low ebbs, and are good as well in Summer as 
Winter. There be in this lough also store of mullets, plaice, Sand eels. Strand Cockles, and 
in harvest time (some years) herrings are taken, and everywhere on the Western Coast of the 
said Barony are abundance of wild fowle of all sorts, especially Swans, whereof a tame breed 
are yearly kept at the fresh Lough of Ballygalgot Castle aforesaid, and Barnicles, Wild Gees, 
Seapys, Cormorants, Sea Larks, Red Shanks, and those other before-named in the lower 
Barony. And within the Land from Bangor to Kirkstown aforesaid is a long red bog which 
gives passage by Land (from the said Lough Coan to the Main Sea) but at five or six places. 
All this Bogg over it affords the great harrow Goose, Land Barnacles, Grove Snipes, and in 
season, woodcocks ; also Hares and Foxes for Game. The Corn and Grass-fields have 
Partridge, Quailes, and larks, the Trees and Hedges yield many black birds, thrushes, 
Feltifares (about one bigness). Linnets, Goldfinch, and other Melodious Birds in plenty ; as 
elsewhere in the said Barony, this part, called the great Ards as aforesaid, hath good Grain of 
all sorts, and abundance of fuell cut by the spade) and dryed in the Sun. Out of the said 
boggs are digged up (many times) long and great firr trees and black oak without branches, 



Proclamation by the Duke of Schonberg. 143 

which are fresh and good timber. The Oak serves for great beams for floors, and so doth 
the fir, w'='^ will also affords Deals. 

Lastly, as appurtenances to the said Mannor of Newtown is the high hill called Scrabo, 
formerly and now intended for a Deer Park, and therein is the quarrey of the best freestone 
that may be seen anywhere, if either durableness or smoothness and variety of green veins 
therein (when poUished) be considered, y<= stones whereof are well known in Dublin, and 
taken thither and elsewhere in great abundance ; also, within the Liberty of the said Town 
is a Large Salt Marsh full of medicinal herbs, the Grass wholesom for diseased horses and 
cattle, for which the netherland Dutch (before they had well learned or practised navigation 
to the East and West Indies, offered above ^2,000 fine and ;^5o per ann. rent to have it for 
61 years in Lease from the said first Lord Montgomery ; Ijut his L'^ship being tyed to a 
brittish plantation, and (if that had been dispenced with) fearing the Trade of the brittish 
might be absurped in y« Dutch industry, and the Town of Newtown and those of Cumber 
and Bangor, which are at furthest but 3 miles from the said Marsh, hindered or discouraged 
in their building, that proposall was not accepted. I conclude with two or three Remarks 
more, viz'- : — That from the great bogg issue many rills and Streams which makes small 
brooks sometimes almost dry in Summer to the Sea on each side the upper half of the 
Barony. And on them each plowland almost hath had a mill for grinding Oats dryed in 
Potts, or singed and leased in the Straw, which was the old Irish custome, the meal whereof 
was called Graden, very course. The mills are called Danish or Ladle Mills ; the Axle tree 
stood upright, and the small stones or querns on the Top thereof ; the water wheel was at 
the lower end of the Axle tree, and did run horizontally amongst the water, small force 
driving it ; the same waters or Brooks being inclosed in Walls of loose Stones on the Strand 
of the Lough Coyn in little bays made wares or fish yards, which walls did suffer the tides to 
come insensibly through them till four hours' flood which (for the last two hours) flowed over 
the wall ; y" did the sea run strong, and the fishes followed the stream, and, finding food brought 
down thither by the fresh water brook, and yet the bay was calme ; the fish remained 
there till first the ebb left the wall to appear, and then shuck through, as it came in 
insensibly, so that the fish, not getting back through the wall, were taken ; but since fish 
days were neglected, those yards decay'd. 

Sr., — This is for your diversion at a Leasure hour. What is worth your noting you may 
cull out for truth on the credit of your Servant, 

WM. MONTGOMERY, 
Dublin, the 21st of July, i6Sj. 

(Pinkerton MSS.) (MS. I. i. 2. Library, Trinity Coll., Dublin.) 



proclamation b^ tbc 2)uhe of Scbonbero, :©elfa0t, 

September, 1689. 

HEREAS divers loose and idle people have of 
late committed several robberies, and daily con- 
tinue them, under pretence of following the 
army. Therefore we have thought fit hereby to 
declare that none do presume to follow the army, 
and, under that pretence, rob and plunder the 
country through which we pass. And all such 
who shall, notwithstanding this our proclama- 
tion, follow the army (suttlers and such as are 
hired excepted) shall be deemed and punished as robbers. And we 
shall further order and direct the provost marshall and his men to 
seize and apprehend them as such, that they may be accordingly 
punished. SCHONBERG. 

Given at our Head Quarters at Belfast the ist day of September, 
i68g. 

(Pinkerton MSS.) 




144 



Old Belfast. 




SCHONBERG's troops crossing the long bridge, BELFAST, 1689. 




2)iar^ of CoL Thomas BclIinGbain when at Belfast, 

3unc, 1690. 

HERE is in the possession of Sir Henry Bellingham, Bart., of 
Castle-Bellingham, Co. Louth, the orig;inal Manuscript Journal of 
his Ancestor, Colonel Thomas Bellingham, kept during the years 
1688-90, including the whole of King William's Campaign in 
Ireland during the last year, when Colonel Bellingham attended the 
King and acted as Guide to the Army till after the Battle of the 
Boyne. 

With the exception of the portion relating to that battle (which 
is quoted in Macaulay's History) this Journal has not been 
published, but a careful transcript has been made from the original 
by Mr. Garstin, F.s.A. , v.p.R.i.A. , who has kindly supplied the 
following extracts (additions being enclosed in brackets) : — 

[May] y« 28t''> [1690] 

Raine in y" morning. We went to Hyle lake [Hoylake] and ship't our horses 
early and sayl'd about 3 in y'' after noon. We came att night in sight of the Isle 
of Man. Our ship y« Betty of Biddiford, Tho: Marshal, mr. [Master]. 

ye 2gth 

A fayr gale in y^ morning, but calm about nine. We lay most of y® day near 
y^ Mull of Galloway, and att evening came to an anchor near y^ Copeland Islands. 

ye 20'^ 

Some showers. About 3 this morning we came to an anchor at y" White 
house. I went with mr. King to Carrigfergus, saw Dean Ward, and mr. King 
heard y*' Kirke was displeas'd att him. About 12 I came by boat to Bellfast. 
Din'd att mr. m'Cartny's, and sup't with mr. Twigg and lay that night w'^ him. 
I wrote to Nabby [his wife, Abigail (Hancock), at Preston, in Lancashire]. 

ye 2itii [^^-/^-^ j^Q)- «st^" j^rici SQ throughout] 

Some raine. I came to Lisburn. Waited on Ma: Gen: Kirk. Was with y' 
Duke [Schomberg], who was very obleiging. I din'd w''' y^ Earl of Meath, and 
came to Jo: White's. 

June y'' 1^' [Sunday] 

Much raine. I went to Magherelin. Heard mr. Cubbidge preach. Din'd att 
his house w*^'^ y'= Coll. of the Brandenburgh Regiment, and was after with major 
Williams and Capt: Brereton att mrs. Kelly's. Y" Lord Drogheda pass't by. 



Diary of Col. Thomas Bellingham. 145 



ye 2<i 



Severall showers. Some Quakers came to see me. I walk't in y® afternoon 
to Moyragh. Saw S"" Arthur Rawden's house, and walk* w*^ Capt. Ross to y^ 
Conservatory. The house and much of y* goods are well preserv'd. 



ye 3d 



A fayr day. I went to y^ mill. In y^ afternoon I went to Drummore, and was 
treated by Capt. Brereton. 



ye 4th 

A fayr morning. Some showers in y'' afternoon. I went to Lisbourn, waited 
on M.G. [Major-General] Kirke, deliver'd him his letter, din'd w*^ mr. Aleway, and 
was w''' y« Duke. Some French horse came in. I saw cousen Purcell. I wrote 
to Nabby and Dan by y^ poast, and came home in good time. 

ye ^th 

Abundance of rain. J. Shepheard came hither and brought news of y^ 

K.[ing] leaving london yesterday. 

ye 5th 

High wind and some showers. Shepheard stayes still here. We have an 
account of a prey being taken by y<^ soldiers of Bellturbet, and part of them being 
brought into these quarters to be sold. 

ye yth 

Wind and some showers. Shepheard went hence this morning. We hear y^ 
enemy are advancing. 

y« 8*1' [Sunday] 

Very much raine. I receiv'd y® Sacram.[ent] at Macherelin, where mr. 
Cubbidge preach'd a very suitable sermon for y'' day. I din'd w*^ him and was w*** 
mr. John Disny. Capt. Lowry came hither and stay'd all night. 

ye Qth 

Still wet weather. Lowry went hence this morning. I designed for Hills- 
borough, but y*' raine prevented me. John White pay'd Gillett his rent for grazing. 
[Last paragraph not contemporary.] 

A fayr day. I went to Lisburn, but y'' D.[uke] was gone to Bellfast, thinking 
to meet y<= K.[ing], but return'd. I came w^^ Capt. Powell and stay'd some time 
with mr. Aloore att Hillsborough, w'='' is preparing for y'' King's reception. 
Y^night there were severall bonefires made is [jzV] beleiving y'^ K. was landed, but 
it prov'd an turn's fatuus. Severall Regiments are on theyr march towards a 
rendezvous near Ardmagh and Legachory. C. G. [Commissary-General] Douglas 
commands them. 

ye jjth 

A very hott day. We wash'd our sheep. I din'd w*^ Capt. Powell at Drum- 
more. Some french challenged some horses in theyr parkes, but y® Major and 
Capt. Powell sent them to y*^ Gaurd. There were more bonefires made this night. 

ye J 2*^ 

Very hott. I went to Moyragh. I saw Jewell's Regiment of horse, w^'' is a 
very good one, but y" Danish Regiment of Gaurds is y*^ best I ever saw. They 
are an orange coulour'd livery fac'd w"' crimson velvett. I din'd at Moyragh and 
saw Mr. Sb[t or h ?]eeres, Capt. Hamilton and Lieut. Hamilton, who was att 
Gernonstown [now Castle-Bellingham, Co. Louth]. Eben Loe [Ebenezer Lowe] 
was w*** me. 

ye joth 

Very hott. I went to Moyragh. Saw one Hatch who came a week ago from 
Drogheda. He call'd at Gernonstowne, and sayes things are very well there, and 

L 



146 



Old Belfast. 



that there is much corne growing thereabouts. He sayes K. James his army is in 
an ill condition for want of most necessaryes. There are about 7,000 of them 
encamp'd near Ardee. There are 3 Regiments in Dundalk and 3 in Drogheda, to 
which they have added no fortifications more than what were last summer. I saw 
Capt. Wm. Ponsonby att Moyragh and Lieut. Coll. Peirce. 



ye J 4th 

A great shower of raine after dinner, about w'='^ time we fancy'd we heard some 
great guns off from Bellfast, w'^'^ we hope are for y^ K. landing. Here came James 
Hunter, y'' Quaker, and a quarter master of Levison's Dragoons. V K. landed at 
Carrigfergus [written over " Donaghadee '']. 

y« 15'^'^ [Sunday] 

A fayr day. I went to Church, and din'd \\^^ mr. Cubbidge. Heyford's 
dragoons are quartered at Macharelin. 

ye J 5th 

A hott close day. I was sent for by 2 this morning, and before 6 I came to 
Bellfast. I was kindly received by y« D. and Kirke, and favourably recommended 
to y'^ K., whose hand I kiss't, and he promised to remember me. I was most of y« 
afternoon w*'^ y'^ Secretary. Y*= K. road out in y« evening. I lay w'^'' mr. Mason. 
I this day wrote letters for England to Nabby, etc. 

ye J 7th 

A hott day. I gave y^ K. a petition. Din'd at Rourke's with mr. Aleway and 
others, and came home late. We mett with some french theives. 

ye igth 

Very hott. I sent Art away early this morning w*'^ letters. I had an answear 
from Toby Purcell. Mr. Loe was here. 

ye I gth 

Very hott. I walked to y^ Mill and wash'd there. 

ye 20*'^ 

Ver>' great showers. I went to Hillsborough, saw y^ K., and dranke of his 
wine. A messenger came from y'^ L** Dover to desire leave to transport himselfe 
and family to Ostend. 2 dragoons were brought in prisoners. I was w**^ my L'^ 
Meath and mr. Aleway att theyr tents, and brought Hunter y® quaker's wife 
behind me home. 







'^.ir-^ \ 



OLD BELFAST CASTLE IN 1690. 



148 



Old Belfast. 



Iking Milliarn tbe XTbirb an^ bis Court at ISclfast, 

3une, 1690, 

Extracts from Correspondence, &'c., of George Clarke ( Secretary for War), in Trinity 
College, Dublin, made by William Pinkerton, F.S.A. 

June iSth, i6go. List of the General Officers at Belfast. 

The Duke of Schonberg, The Count de Solms, The Count de Schonberg, The 
Earl of Oxford, The Duke of Wirtemberg, The General Ginckell, Lieutenant- 
General Douglas, Major-General Scravenmore, Sir John Lanier, Major-General 
Kirk, Marquis la Fourse, Major-General Tettan, Lord Sidney, Earl of Nassau, 
The Treasurer, The Secretary at War, Col. du Camelon Cambon, Quartermaster 
of Ireland. 

The Fiscalls, 2 ; Commissary of the Provisions, 2 ; Provosts Marshalls, 3 ; two 
Commissaries of the Musters, one Waggon Master, Hospitall. 

GEORGE CLARKE. 

It is ordered that Du Perron, Captain of the Waggons, will observe, and cause 
to be observed, on the march, the household of his majesty in the following order : 

TENT DU ROI. 

3 Chariots des Cusines (sic). 

1 De la Boucherie. 

2 De la Boulongerie. 

3 De la Pouillerier. 
6 Du Garde Mange. 
8 De la Cave. 

5 Conveniers de Table avec linges vessels, (S:c. 
2 Confiturier. 

4 Avec les sents. 

1 Du clerk Coffereux. 

2 De la Blanchiseuse. 

The other waggons will follow in the order according to the list regulated by 
his Majesty, Made at the quarters of the Court at Belfast, 1690, i8th June. 

AUVERQUERK. 



Rules and Orders to be observed in the March of the Army. 




||X the Quarters, where the Court shall have its apartments, 
the houses in the quarters shall be divided according 
to the quantity there shall be, — The Duke of Schonberg 
having choice the first. Count Solmes the second, Count 
Schonberg the third, and the rest of the Generals as they 
are on the list, without giving a house to any person whatso- 
ever before those on the list be quartered. No one shall 
take any quarters unless it be marked by the Quartermaster- 
General or his Adjutant, and if any be found who marks 
or rubs out the chalk which was marked by the Quarter- 
master-General shall be punished. 

No one shall march before the guards of the quarters, and shall all place 
themselves according to the orders given by the Quartermaster-General. 



Rules and Orders to be observed in the March. 149 



When the baggage shall march, the King shall have at the head of all, before 
the Artillery itself, six wagons, Duke Schonberg three, and the rest of the 
Generals one. After that, the rest of the King's baggage, with all those of the 
Court, shall follow the Artillery, according to the list herewith appended, and the 
rest of the baggage of the Generals after, and then shall follow the baggage of each 
brigade, as they shall march. If they march in two or three lines, and if the 
baggage can follow the lines, they shall. 

The Guard being once placed, no one whatsoever of the Army shall pass, on 
pain of Death, without the King's express order. All Waggon Masters obliged to 
come to the Waggon Master General every evening to receive his orders. 



June iQf i6go. 



Geo. Clarke. 




From a Photo, by W. Swanston, f.g.s. 

THE GLOVES, STIRRUPS, AND HORSE-TRAPPINGS OF KING WILLIAM AT BATTLE OF THE BOYNE. 

(In possession 0/ THE, baroness von stieglitz, Carrickblacker, Co. Armagh.) 



ISO 



Old Belfast. 



Proclamation issued by William the Third when in Belfast. 



WILLIAM R. 




UR chief intention and desig-n in this our 
Royal Expedition being to reduce our King- 
dom of Ireland to such a state that all who 
I behave themselves as becomes dutiful and 
loyal subjects may enjoy their Liberties and 
Possessions under a just and equal Govern- 
ment, and to the end that all our loving 
subjects who at present are in our obedience may find the 
good effects of Our Protection, and as much as possible in the 
distractions of War feel the benefit and advantage of con- 
tinning under the care of Our Power, Our Will and Pleasure 
is that all officers, soldiers, and others belonging to our Army 
do so carry themselves, both in Garrison, Quarters, and where- 
soever they shall march, as persons ought to do who are under 
Military Discipline, and that they do not presume on any 
account to spoil or rob any Parks or Warrens, Plunder the 
Houses, do violence to or extort or take any horses, cows, or 
other Cattle from the Inhabitants of the Towns or Quarters 
where they are or shall be, but that they duly pay such 
reasonable Rates for those Provisions and necessaries they 
have or shall have occasion to make use of as is or shall 
be appointed by us, with proportion to the pay and entertain- 
ment they receive : And we do strictly charge all officers, 
soldiers, and persons whatsoever to observe and obey these 
Our Rules and Orders, and behave themselves accordingly : 
And all Colonells, Captains, and other officers are hereby 
Required not only to keep themselves within these due bounds 
and limits, but to see that their respective soldiers do the same, 
as they will answer the contrary at their Peril, it being Our 
Resolution, upon Complaint made to Us by any person 
aggrieved, to punish all such as in anywise offend against and 
act contrary to these Our Orders. And that no one may 
plead or pretend ignorance of this Our Royal Will and 
Pleasure, We do hereby direct and command that these 
Orders be published in all the Quarters of Our Army, and 
that one Comissary of the Musters do Publicly read them at 



Proclamations issued by William the Third. 



151 



the head of each Regiment so often as they shall muster the 
same. 

Given at Our Court at Belfast, the 19th day of June, 
1690, in the Second Year of our Reign, 
By his Maties. Command, 
A True Copie. Geo. Clarke. 




FAC-SIMILE OF WILLIAM S SIGNATURE. 



LETTER TO THE KING FROM GENERAL KIRKE. 

May it please your Majesty, 

According to your Matie's comandes I haveordred the troopes to march to the Newrey, 
who will be all there to morho (sic) night. The enclosed came from thence by the bearer, 
who told me a Drumer of the Enemeye's had brought a letter for me, which maid me open 
the letters Directed to I/ieut.-Col. Pursell. I do not know the meaning of my Lord Dover's 
letter, except 'tis to know the sartenty of yor matie being hear. Yor matie will therfore be 
pleased to order me what answer I shall send, or whether I shall keep the Drumer. 

May it please yor matie, 

Your matie's most dutifful servt., 
Drtcmore,June igth, i6go. KIRKE. 



Sir, 



Dnnnore, June the ig, att 12 a dock night. 



This inclosed, coming from the Newry, I thought itt my duty to send his Matie, which I 
desire you to Deliver, and send me his Matie's commands. 

Sir, 
Mr. Clarke, Secretary at Warr. Your most humble servt., 

KIRKE. 



Proclamation issued at Hillsborough. 

WILLIAM R. 

HEREAS Complaint has been made to Us 
of great Disorders committed by the officers 
and soldiers of Our Army by the Liberty 
they assume of Pressing Horses and Carts, 
to the great Prejudice of Our Service, and 
Loss and Damage of Our Loving Subjects 
who are owners of the same : Our Will and 
Pleasure is that no officer or soldier within Our pay and enter- 
tainment, or other person whatsoever, do presume to press 




152 



Old Belfast. 



any horse or cart belonging to any of Our Subjects without 
leave and order first had under our Royal Sign Manual : 
And that whosoever shall dare, without leave and order as 
aforesaid, to press any horse or cart, if he be an Officer, he shall 
be dismissed Our Service ; if a Trooper, he shall stand three 
several times on the Picquett ; and if a Dragooner or Foot 
Soldier, he shall run the Gauntlope thrice through the whole 
Regiment. And we do strictly charge and command all 
persons that shall have leave and order to press, as aforesaid, 
only to pay such rates as they shall agree for with the owners, 
under the penalties afore-mentioned. And that no Person 
may pretend ignorance, We hereby direct and command that 
these Our Orders be forthwith published at the Head of every 
Regfiment. 

Given at Our Court at Hillsborough, the 20th day of 
June, 1690, in the Second Year of Our Reign, 
By His Majesty's Command, 

Geo. Clarke. 

I have left at Kilrea, Antrim, Belfast, Magharafelt, Armagh, &c., several sick men, to 
the number of above three score, most of which, I am informed by letter, are in a condition 
to come up and serve. But for those who are as yet very weak, it will be necessary to press 
horses for them from place to place. I humbly desire you therefore, sir, to get an order from 
the King, for the officer of my regiment, which I am sending down, to press horses upon the 
road at any place between the aforesaid places, and the army where we shall be, not 
exceeding the number of thirty ; without it, I shall be forced to leave several of my best men 
behind, and lose some. 

(Not dated.) GENERAL CUTES (or CUSTES). 



3ourne^ to ^^ IRortb, BuGust 7tb, 1708* 

By Dr. THOMAS MOLYNEUX. 

EFT Dublin, and came in 3 hours and \ to Bellough, a small 
village, thro' a very flat, open corn Countrey, good cawsey Roads, 
passing thro' Santry and Swords, which Last is a Borough, and 
seems to have been a place of some Antiquity, for severall old Ruins 
that are here, and, among others, of one of the old round Steeples, 
which stands near the church. Having dined at Bellough, we went 
on thro' the same kind of Countrey, and much about the same time 
thro' Balruddery, Julianstown, Bri.lge on the Nanny water (which 
bounds the County of Meath from Dublin) to Droghedagh. Drog- 

hedagh is a pretty Large town, Larger Houses, and every way 

liker Dublin than any one I have Seen in Ireland. It stands on the famous River Boyne, 
which is navigable within Walls to Boats of 40 or 50 ton. Its Walls and Fortifications are 
very old and out of Repair, having suffered much, as have also most of the Houses then 
standing, in its Siege by O. Cromwel. Here is, on the South side the River, on a height 
w<=" comands the Town, and from whence you have a fair Prospect of it, a re_niarkable 
Danes' Mount, as it seems to have been, but to which there are now built 5 or 6 half bastions 
of Stone Work, with a Ditch round it, by Cromwel, as they Relate. From Drougheda we 






Journey to y^ North, 1708. 



153 



went up the River Boyne, on the North side, to Nouth in two hours. About half way up 
you pass by ye Remarkable Foard where was performed the Famous Pass of the Boyne. 
Here yet remains a broad Foard or two ; and on t'other side the River the Ruins of the 
Irish Battery, which, with a few Sculls, are the only marks of this happy place of action. 

SUNDAY. 

Having spent the morning at Knouth, after Dinner Cosn; S. Dopping and I went on 
cross the countrey, in about three hours, to Ardee. The way is mostly in the County of 
Louth, fine open sheep-walk, all hills and Dales, making from a height a most pleasant 
prospect, such variety of fine risings, with some few scattered inclosures and Gentlemen's 




MAP OF BATTLE OF THE BOYNE. 



Houses everywhere presenting themselves. Ardee is a compact little Town — A Burrough — 
and seems to have been once a place of Good strength, for the many strong old castles and 
Double Walls that it has. From hence, three hours more Brought us to Dundalk, an ugly 
Town, and, I think, remarkable in nothing but for an extraordinary good Inn here, as good 
as most in England. 

MONDAY. 

We designed for Ardmagh, and went i6 mile towards it, mostly on the very wild 
mountains, The Fews. These .Mountains are of a Boggy, heathy Soile, the Road thro' them 
of a Rocky Gravel ; in all this way meet but one house, and nothing like Corn, Meddow, or 
Enclosures. We baited on them at the Second House, which is called black Ditch, where is 
also a small foot Barrack, but without any Soldiers. Here was miserable Entertainment, not 
so much as tolerable Grass within two mile of 'em. From hence two or three miles brings 
you to the End of the Mountains, and then you enter into a pleasant Enclosed Corn Countrey, 
which in 5 or 6 miles brings you thro' very new made Roads to Ardmagh. 

Ardmagh is a very pretty Town and Burrough situated on a Hill. The Cathedral, 
which is yet in the same place where St. Patrick first fixed his See, stands at the highest part 
of the Town, and from whence you have all round you a very beautifuU prospect of as well an 
Improved and enclosed Countrey as can be. The choir of this Cathedral has been Lately 
rebuilt and much adorned by the Dean Drelincourt, who has wainscotted and painted it all 
at his own Cost, so that it is now, I think, handsomer than any in Dublin. Here is also a 
very handsome free School now building, and good Barracks. Cousn Dopping was this 
Evening Sworn a Burgess of y*= Town, and I was complimented with my freedome. 

TUESDAY. 

We went to my Estate at Castle Dillon, and so to Legacorry, which is a very pretty 
Village belonging to Mr. Richardson. From hence Mr. Chichester, a Relation of my Lord 
Donnegall's, invited us to dine with him at the house where he lives, belonging to one Mr. 
Workman, within half a mile of Portadown, miles from Ardmagh. Mr. Workman 

shewed us here vast plantations of Fir Trees of All different ages from the seed. They thrive 
here mighty well, and this Gentleman makes a considerable Gain in this way. After Dinner 
we proceeded on our journey towards Belfast, where Mr. Chichester promised to accompany 
us. We passed thro' Portadown, a pretty village situated on the River , and where 



154 



Old Belfast. 



so many protestants were drowned in 41 Rebellion by the Irish. Here our horses passed 
over in a wherry, the Bridge which they were then a Building, very Large and handsome, 
being not yet finished. From hence we went on thro' a mighty pretty English-like enclosed 
countrey, and well planted with Large Trees, to Mr. Brownlow's Town, Lurgan, 
miles from Ardmagh, situated within half a mile of the South Banks of Lough 
Neagh. This Town is at present the greatest mart of Linnen Manufactories in the North, 
being almost entirely peopled with Linnen Weavers, And all by the care and cost of Mr. 
Brownlow, who on his first Establishing the trade here, bought up everything that was 
brought to the market of Cloath and lost at first considerably ; but at Length the 
thing fixing itself, he is now by the same methods a considerable Gainer. This Gentleman 
is more curious than ordinary, and has by him several old Irish Manuscripts which he 
can Read and understand very well. He shewed me one in Parchment of the Bible (as I 
remember), pretended to be written by St. Patrick's own hand, but this must be a Fable. 
This Gentleman is not satisfyed about the Petrifying Quality of Lough Neagh waters, and 
seems rather to esteem the Stones found on its Banks to be Lapides sui Generis than 
Petrifactions. Having Supped with him we lay at an Inn. 




WAKINGSTOWN. 



WEDNESDAY. 

We went altogether towards Lisbon (sic). About 2 or 3 miles from Lurgan is a village 
called Maherlin, where liveth the Bp. of Dromore. Here I stoped to a visit to my old 
Tutor, Mr. Redman, who lives with his Uncle Cuppaidge, Ministr of the Place. From 
hence I followed 'em, and passed by Moyragh, a fine seat belonging to S>" Arthur Royden's 
Family, I^eaving Warrenston and Hillsborough to the flight, thro' the fine Improved County 
of Down, which, with Ardmagh, are the finest Counties in the North, to Lisbon, miles. 

Here we designed to have waited on the Bp. of Down, who lives within a small mile to the 
Town ; but he being not at home, we spent our Time in viewing the Miserable Ruines of the 
Late Fire which happened here, and not a house in the Town Escaped. If the story of the 
Phcenix be ever true, sure 'tis in this Town. For here you see one of the beautifullest Towns 
perhaps in the 3 kingdoms — all Brick houses, slated, of one bigness, ail new, and almost 
finished, rising from the most terrible Rubish that can be Imagined. When I stood in the 
Church Yard, I thought I never had seen so dreadfull a Scene before, all round me the church 
burnt to the Ground, The tombstones all cracked with the fire, \'ast Trees that stood 
round the Church Yard P)urnt to Trunks. I-ord Conway (to whom this town belongs) — his 
House, tho' at a distant from all the rest in the Town, burnt to Ashes, and all his Gardens 




< 



CQ 

b, 
O 

O 

z 

z 

K 

a 
03 






Journey to y^ North, 1708. 



155 



in the same condition, with the Trees in the Church Yard. 'Tis scarcely conceivable such 
dismall Effects should arise from so small cause and in so short a time as they relate. Only 
Some Turf Ashes thrown on a Dunghill, which a brisk Wind blowing towards the Town 
Raised and threw on the Shingles of the next house, which, being like Spunk, by a long 
Drought of Weather which had then happened, took fire, and the Wind continuing what it 
had begun, the whole Town, in half an hour, was irrecoverably in Flames, insomuch that this 
accident happening whilst they were at Church on a Sunday morning, by 4 the fire was 
extinguished, And not a house and but a few of their Goods Remained in being. Its Rise is 
likely to be as suddain as its fall. Lord Conway has renewed all the Leases, for a year or 
two, Rent free ; gives them as much W^ood as they please to cut of his own Woods, which 
are near, and obliges them to build Regular, so that if the story of the Phoenix be ever true, 
sure 'tis in this Town. This Town was formerly the greatest Linnen manufactory 
of the North before the Fire ; now much removed to Lurgan and other adjacent places. 
However, I do not doubt but when 'tis quite rebuilt, 'twill be rather in a more thriving 
condition than before. From hence we went on miles to Bellfast, thro' a Countrey, 




jS? K^i 




■jjr , ™ -3 J. 














iSii?^- 'f^ 




all the way from Ardmagh, Extreamly pleasant, well Improved, and Inhabited by English. 
Belfast is a very handsome, thriving, well-peopled Town ; a great many new houses and 
good Shops in't. The Folks seemed all very busy and employed in trade, the Inhabitants 
being for the most part merchants, or employ'd under 'em, in this Sea Port, which stands, 
conveniently enough, at the very inner part of Carrickfergus. Thro' the Town there Runns 
a small Rivulet, not much better than that they call the Glibb in Dublin, which, however, 
is of great use for bringing their goods to the Key when the Tide serves. Here we saw as 
Dismall Effects of another Fire as that at Lisbon, which here, in the night, had Lately burnt 
a house belonging to the Lord Donnegall's Family (whose Town this is), with three Young 
Ladys, sisters to the present Earl. It stands seperate from the Rest of the Houses, which as 
it prevented the Flames going further, so it cut of timely Relief in the midst of courts and 
gardens, which are an Extreamly noble old Improvement, made by old S"" Arthur Chichester, 
who was, about lOO years ago, the Establisher of this Family, and Indeed of the whole 
Kingdome, Especially the North, by planting English Colonies and civilizing the Irish. 
These Improvements are all Inclosed in a kind of Fortification, being Designed for a place of 



156 



Old Belfast. 



Strength as well as Pleasure, and is a lasting Monument of this kind of the greatness of its 
founder. Here we saw a very Good Manufacture of Earthen Ware, which comes nearest 
Delft of any made in Ireland, and really is not much short of it. 'Tis very clean and pretty, 
and universally used in the North, and I think not so much owing to any Peculiar happiness in 
their clay, but rather to the manner of beating and mixing it up. Here they have Barracks 
for we lay here this night, And the next day — 

THURSDAY— 

Dined with the Soveraign, Mr. McCartney, where we were made free of the Town. After 
Dinner we went on towards Carrickfergus, about two or three mile from Town. We struck 
off from the Road, which runs all Long the Sea, to view a Park here belonging to the Lords 
of Donnegal. Here they carryed us up a pretty high Hill, where is a very pleasant Fountain, 
well shaded with Trees, and from whence you have a very fine Prospect of Carrickfergus, the 
Bay, and Belfast, which from" hence makes a very good shew. Returning to the Road, about 
half way to Belfast, we parted with Mr. Chichester^ and continued our journey to Carrick- 
fergus. 




SHANES CATTLE. 



FRIDAY. 

Carrickfergus is a place of good natural strength, situated on a Rocky Promontory 
which runs out into the Sea ; not so big, clean, or thriving a Town in any wise as Belfast. 
It has litle in't remarkable but L<* Donnegall's monument in the Church, which is very rich 
and great ; the great Castle belonging to the Crown, and a most noble old house of Lord 
Donnegall's Family built by S"" Arthur Chichester, Extreamly great and noble, but wanting 
the Gardens at Belfast, which, were they joyned, would make beyond comparison the finest 
Improvement in Ireland. It has a fine situation fronting the Bay, all the Grand"^ and 
regularities of a modern building, and shews the great spirit of the builder ; but What he set 
up is now making hast to fall to the Ground. From Carrickfergus we went thro' a wild 
country in about 4 hours to Antrim ; we passed thro' Castle Norton, a small village. 

Antrim is a pretty good Town situated on the North East Banks of Lough Neagh. It 
enjoys a considerable Linnen Trade at present. Here Lord Mazarreen has a pretty good 
house, and good Improvements about it, where he lives. We saw here the Largest piece of 
Lough Neagh Stone that I have ever seen ; 'twas as thick as one's body. Irregularly shaped, 
perfectly like y<^ Root of a Tree, the Trunk and Small branches of the Root Loped off. This 
piece, not only for its bigness and shape, but also for the grain of it too, appeared the most 
like Stone of any I have seen. His Lordship assures me there are several such like sticking 
in y*^ Banks of the Lough, and that he does not doubt but that this Lough has this petrifying 



Journey to y^ North, 1708. 



157 



Quality ; Nay, that he could have shewn me, had he been at Antrim when I was there, a 
piece of which half is a Stone, and half is yet perfect Wood. Mr. Maclean, Minisr of the 
Town, gave me here certain Stones of a whitish Brown Colour, of a gritty Substance, much 
the biggness and shape of a Potatoe, save that they all have litle perturbance, by which, he 
assures me, they stick in the Banks of this Lough near the surface of the Water, the rest 
standing clear out, and that they there are found to grow till their Weight, and the Water 
washing away the Earth where they stick, they fall to the bottome. Of these stones the 
Arch Bpe of Dublin gave me several before, and related the acco' of them. 

Having seen in the minuts of the Dublin Society an acco' of Fish called Dolleyn, a 
sort of Herring or Trout peculiar to this Lough (which also is mentioned in Giraldtis Cam- 
brensis Topog. Hiber.), I Inquired for it At Antrim, but could not get the sight of one, tho' 
this was the Season of Catching them, and they told me there had been several Boat Loads 
brought in there the Market Day before, but were bought up for drying. From Antrim we 
went to Shane's Castle — Mr. O'Neill's — a very antient building about one mile from Antrim, 
situated on the very Banks of Lough Neagh, so near that it and y^ Garden Walls are washed 
by the Water, and from hence arrived in 4 or 5 hours thro' a miserable, wild, Barbarous, 
boggy countrey, to as bad a Lodging in a poor Village called Maghereoghill. 




GIANT S CAUSEWAY, CO. AMIII.M. 



SATURDAY. 

Having Passed the Night but ill, we were Soon on our journey, and arrived early thro' 
a wild, open Countrey at Ballymony — a pretty, clean, English-like Town belonging to the 
Earl of Antrim, who has here in possession a prodigious scope of Land, I believe of some 30 
or 40 miles in Length. Here we tooke a Guide to the Gyant's Cawsey. The Land about 
it, & particularly the head Land under which it Lyes, is very good .Sheepwalk, and lies 
very high, so that you have from hence, as indeed you have from most of the hills in this 
Easterly part of the North, a fair prospect of several parts of Scotland and the Isle of Man. 
You go down to the Cawsey by a very narrow path along the side of the Hill. I carryed 
along with me the print of the Cawsey after Mr. Sandy's Draught from the Philosophical 
transactions, as also Dr. Molyneuxe's Discourse of it in a Letter to Dr. Lister, also in the 
transactions, and compared them both on the place as strictly as I could. The Draught is 
pretty well as to the Cawsey itself, but not so Exact in the face of the Hill and the Organs 
or Loomes as it should be ; and indeed it does not repressent y^ Cawsey itself to run from 
the Hill so as it does. I think it would be as necessary and usefull to have a plan of it as 
well as a prospect as for the acco' on't in Dr. Lister s Letter. 

Having taken a sufficient view of the Gyant's Cawsey, we mounted again in order to 
go to Colrain. We rid here a good way along the North Shore on great sands, where I am 



158 



Old Belfast. 



told are Warrens of a prodigious Length of Excellent Rabets. About three mile from 
y'^ Cawsey you come to a Fameousold place called Dunluce. This was an old Castle, formerly 
the seat of y^ Earls of Antrim. Its situation is very romantick and out of the way. 'Tis 
built on a Large Rock, Entirely separated from the Land. It has been a vast Large Pile, and 
covers the whole Rock, so that you can spit out of most of y^^ Windows into the Sea, which 
is a Vast depth under you. However, the Natural or Artificial hollows in this Rock are such 
that I am told the sea beats into all the Cellars. In high tides 'tis Entirely surrounded with 
water, but the precipice by which 'tis divided from the shore is so terrible that this Castle 
seemes to me innacessible on all sides at the Lowest water, and was certain when in Repair 
a most inexpugnable place to the Instruments of War used in those dayes. They tell you 
here that one part of the house and Rock which hung over the sea, being the Kitchin and 
part of the Great Hall, fell down during a great Entertainm' into the Sea, and Several 
Persons were lost. The only passage into it was by a Bridge over that precipice, of 
which there now Remains only one wall to go over by ; but it was too windy weather 
when I was there to Venture this Passage without y<= help of a Rope stretched across 
to hold by. The Court belonging to this house is on the Land, but I could not observe 
any remains of Gardens or Grown Trees, nor do I think it possible to have any such in this 
bleak situation. From hence 2 hours ^ brings you to Colrain, which is a good, large, 
compact, well-built Town, sittuated on the Fine River Bann. It looks like a clean, pretty 
Town as you go thro' it, but the Inn in which we Lay was the most drunken, Stinking 
Kennel that ever I smelt or saw. About a small mile up the River is the Famous Fishery of 
Colrain. This has nothing Extraordinary in its Contrivance, and has been wholly to an 
accident that it was ever made. There is here a fall in the River, and a Gentleman in the 
neighbourhood having occasion to bring Down some Timber down the River, makes at this 
fall Cut of a matter of 10 or 20 foot over, to Let his Timber down. The Cut Remains, and 
the Salmons, at those seasons of the year they go up and down the River, finding this the 
most Easy passage, Come up and Down in great Shoals, which the Fishermen observing, 
built here a Wire Enclosing some 40 foot in Length of this Cut, and with some Fish-boats 
that Fish at the River's mouth, takes the vast quantity of Fish that is here taken, which I 
think is not owing to any peculiar artifice in the Fishery, but the Love the Fish have to that 
water, and the gVeat Quantity of Waters that are above, the whole River, which is no small 
one, much Larger than the Liffey, from Colrain to the great Lough Neagh, the whole Lough 
itself, and several Rivers that run into it. In the high season of the year the Fish pass here 
in such Shoals that the whole cut will be sometimes so full the Fish shall force one another 
above water. Insomuch that in one day (which the Bspe of Derry has) there have been 
taken sometimes to the value of 400'- and we were assured 'tis actually sett for 
200' p"' Ann. From a Hill the Road here passes over going to Derry we have a fine 
Prospect of the River and Town below the Road, and of a pretty Improvem' of one Mr. 
Jackson's joyning the Town. This River has between Colrain and the Lough two very 
narrow falls, which in Winter do not Discharge near so much water as the Rains make, which 
causes the Lough to overflow some 1,000^ of Acres. This might be helped, I hear, for 5 or 
6,000 pounds, so as to make the River navigable also to the very Lough to boats 
of 30 or 40 Ton. 

SUNDAY. 

From this to near Newtown, which is half-way to Derry, is all a most Excellent, new, 
artificially-made Cawsey in dismall, wild, boggy mountains. It runs for Some miles in an 
Exact Straight Line, and it makes a pretty figure to see a work so perfectly owing to Art and 
Industry in So wild a place. 'Twill cost 6oo'- We arrived at Newtown Lemnavaddy, where 
Mr. Connelly lives, in about 4 hours. Newtown is a very clean, English-like Town, a 
Burrough, well planted with English and Scotch Inhabitants. Mr. Connelly is here building 
a Park, which will be Extreamly beautiful! and well watered by the River that runs thro'the 
Town, which Mr. Connelly told me will sometimes swell so as entirely to cover a Bridge 
over it in this place, which I could not Esteem Less than 30 foot from the Water. There is 
here gathered a kind of black Slate on the Rocks of Magilligan, which they tell me is found 
to be an Excellent Medicine in Several disorders. Some other Natural Curiosities are here 
talked of, but none very Remarkable. They tell you of Solomon's Porch, which by the 
description I could Learn to be no more than an odd figured Rock on the sea shore ; 
of a clock maker in this Countrey that has made several attempts for the Perpetual 
Motion ; of Mr. MacSwyne's Gun in County Donnegal, which, as I hear^ is a hole in the 
Cliffs of the Rocks from whence there constantly issues a Considerable noise And wind by the 
beating of the waves below, Insomuch as to be able sometimes to return with considerable 
violence a Stone when you throw it down into it. They shewed me here some very round 
Stones found in great Quantityes in a Hill called Bullet hill, in y<= C. Derry. At Mr. 
Connelly s we stayed all Monday. 



Journey to y^ North, 1708. 159 

TUESDAY. 

We were Invited to Dine with Major Gen' Hamilton, who lives at a place called 
within 2 miles of Newtown, on the Road to Derry. Mrs. Hamilton here 
told me of a very famous Well in "Enishowen, in C. Donnegall, which is a Vast Peninsula of 
Land between Loughfoile and Swiliy, all belonging to called Mallinwell. 

Here the sick come from all parts to be cured by going into it, yet has the Waters of it no 
particular virtue, for it seems to be only a hollow in a Rock where one may sit and Let the 
Waves beat clear over you. However, the Coldness of the water has surely had good effects. 
She told me that she had been in't several times, but has not found much benefit. From hence, 
we went, after Dinner, thro' a good, pleasant countrey, and a small village called Muff, to 
Derry. Almost all the way from Colrain to Derry you travell on the Land belonging to the 
Corporations of London, to whom it was given by Patent for planting Colonyes and building 
these two Towns. From Newtown you have the great Bay called Lough Foile to the Right; 
and here, as we travelled, it being Low Water, we saw the great shell Banks which last for 
6 or 8 mile here, and are in no likelyhood of being Exhausted, tho' the Boats are continually 
at work to carry them away for Manure. This being almost the only Manure used within 30 
mile from Scotland, they would willingly give a Boat of Coal for as much Shells, but these 
are more valuable. 

WEDNESDAY. 

Derry is situated of a steep hill formed by a Turn in the River Foile, which half 
surrounds it, and washes the suburbs for a great way ; it is here so great a River that they 
have not yet made a Bridge over it. 

It so [happens] that there is no getting into the place from Colrain but by Boat, of 
wch there are one or two constantly in use. However, the Town spreads, so that there are a 
few good houses got on Colrain side the River. 

Derry is a good. Large, Compact, well-built Town. The old houses have Suffered much 
by the Siege of it, as well as y*^ Inhabitants by the Famine caused there. Yet I am assured, 
by Persons then in the Town, that this much talked of Siege ammounted to no more than a 
firm blockade. The Irish army Lay Incamped on opposite Hills at one side, while a Boom 
stretched across the River hindred help from abroad. Neither do I hear that [tliere] were ever 
any regular aproaches made but once, when they took a Small height, which indeed commands 
the Town at the side called Wind Mill hill ; and even this they had not in possession, but 
were repulsed in 6 hours' time. However, the Artificial strength of this place is so litle, the 
Wall and Ditch so old and out of repair, and so ill provided with Artillery, rather in a worse 
condition than Galway or Lymerick, that I could scarce believe any Army could appear 
before it without reducing it. As to y^ Famine, upon enquiry they tell me that there were 
Indeed no provisions to be bought or gotten in the Town for a Considerable time, so that all 
the Strangers who had come in to take Sanctuary there, were reduced to miserable difficulties ; 
but the settled people of the Town, who foresaw things, and had opportunities of Laying 
Stores in beforehand, were in a much more Easy Condition. The compactness of this Town 
and Colrain I take to be owing to their having been built at once by the Londoners. 
They have a handsome, well-adorned Cathedral Church here, built on the Ruins of their 
old Cittadel ; a good, handsome Town House, built by King William and Queen Mary ; 
and also a handsome Large Free School, with a good house for the Master, and a Large 
Chamber above for a Library. This is now building ; when Finished, the Books will be 
placed in't, which are a Collection of Divinity and Cannon Law Books, with some History, 
given by Wm., Late Lord Bpe. of Derry, now Bpe. of Dublin. The Houses are many of 
them good, new-built houses. Since the Siege, however, it does not seem to be a place of 
much business, Riches, or Trade. vSeverall of the Inhabitants have several litle pretty 
Improvements near the Town, particularly the Dean of Derry. Dean Bolton shewed me a 
place of his called , about two miles from Town, w'^'^ is pretty enough, and 

lyes halfway to Culmore Fort, which we went to view, or rather its Ruins, being entirely 
rased ; in the Rubbish there are yet two or three pieces of Cannon. This Fort stood on 
the Banks of the River, nearer the sea than Derry, at a narrow part, so as to command 
the Passage. The Boome was stretched very near this place, nearer the Town, under the 
Cannon of the Fort ; however, they found means to break thro' it, and thereby Relieved 
the besieged. We Lay in Derry at Mr. Norman's, an Ingenious man, An Alderman of the 
Town, and were Civilly Entertained at the Bpe.'s and Dean's. We Stayed here till 
Thursday. 

THURSDAY. 

After Dinner we went along the Fine River Foile, thro' an open sort of Countrey, for 
about 4 hours, and arrived at Liffard, which is a very nasty, ugly Town, the County Town of 
Donnegall. Across the River lyes Strabane, w"^'^ is Somewhat better Town in Tyrone, 
belonging to L*^ Abercorn, who has here something of the Linnen Manufacture. 



i6o 



Old Belfast. 



FRIDAY. 

We left Strabane ; two hours brought us to Newtown Steward, a small village belong- 
ing to L'' M' Joy ; two more, thro' a very woody Countrey, to Omagh, which is but a small 
ordinary Town For the County Town of Tyrone. From hence, thro' a wild Countrey 
enough, to Clogher. Here we lay at the Bp's house, tho' he was abroad. This is a 
Burrough, but a most miserable one, having not above three or four houses in it, and not 
even the remains of any one, tho' 'tis certainly a very antient See. 

SATURDAY. 

Left Clogher, and came in about four or five hours by a Short way thro' the miserablest 
wild uncultivated mountains that can be seen to Monaghan, which is a very pretty, thriving 
Village — a great many new and handsome houses. S"^ Alexander Cairns, to whom the 
Town and adjoyning Estate belongs, has a very pretty Improvement making near the Town. 
Round Monaghan is a very pleasant Improved well Inclosed Countrey. From hence we 
went to Castleblaney, which is a Small Village and Seat belonging to the Lord Blaney, in a 
pleasant woody Situation near a fine Lough, Here we lay at a Tolerable Inn. From 
hence, 

SUNDAY, 
Thro' Ardee to Knouth, and from thence, 

TUESDAY, 
HOME. 







THE SITE OF CON o'nEILL'S CASTLE, CASPLEREAGH. 



Island Magee Witches, 1710. 161 

S)cpo0ition0 in the case of tbe 36lan^ flDagee 

Mitcbes, 1710. 

COUNTY ANTRIM, 

The Examination of John Smith, of Lairne, in y'^ Sd County, taken at 
Carrickfergus, 21 March, 1710, 

Who, being duly Sworn and Examined, Saith that Mrs. Mary Dunbar, who has for this Long time 
been in a most unusual manner tormented and afflicted (as shee Saith, and as by all that see her do 
verily believe) by witches and Witchcraft, having since the Confinement of Jannet Listen, Janett 
Meane, and Jane Miller, whom she affirms to be her Tormentors, declared that she was troubled 
only with one young woman, whom the aforesaid women, when about her And tormenting her, 
did call Mrs. Ann, but that the said young woman told her that she should never be discovered 
by her name as the rest were, shee, the Said Mary Dunbar, having given Exact marks and 
Description of one Margret Mitchell, whom she, this Ex' doth verily believe, the Said Mary 
never had seen before the Said Marg' Mitchell was brought to her, and that the Said Mary 
assured this Ex' and others that the Said Marg' was the young woman that did Torment and 
afflict her. And that she never saw her before but when she was tormenting her ; and that after 
the Said Marget was set at Liberty, the Said Mary fell into a most violent fit, in which the Said 
Ex' heard her say — " For Christ Sake, Let me alone, and I won't discover you." And after being 
Recovered out of the Said Fitt, was asked to whom she spoke. The Said Mary told them that 
the Said Marg' Mitchell was then afflicting her, and told her she would have this Exam' James 
Blithe's Picture made & roast it like a Lark, and that they should not Catch her, for she wou'd 
turn herself into a Hare, and further Saith that the Said Mary did remit Several Pins, buttons, 
and horse Hair, and further Said not. 

The Examination of Mary Dunbar, taken 12TH March, 1710, 

Who, being duly Sworn and Examined, Saith that during these Severall weeks she has been in a 
most grievous and violent manner tormented and afflicted with Witches ; that Several whom she 
never had known, or to her knowledge seen before, did frequently appear to her (tho' invisible to 
her keepers and attenders), who make her fall very often into fainting and tormenting fitts, take the 
Power of Tongue from her, and afflicts her to that Degree that she often thinks she is pierced to 
the heart, and that her breasts are cut off; that she heard the Said women (when about her) 
name one another, and that called one Jannet Listen, another Eliz. Cellor, another Kate 
McCamont, another Jannet Carson, another Jannet Mean, another Latimore, and another Mrs. 
Anne, and the Said Jannet Liston, Eliz. Cellar, Kate McCamont, and Jannet Carson being 
brought to her, att their first appearance she knew them to be four of her Tormentors, and that 
after they were taken into Custody the aforesaid Latimore and Mean did very much Torment her, 
especially when Mr. Sinclare, the Dissenting Minister, was praying with and for her, and told her 
they would hinder her of hearing his prayers ; but if she would do as they would have her, she 
soon would be well, and that Jannet Latimore and Jannet Mean being brought to her, she likewise 
knew them to be other two of her Tormentors, and that since the confinement of the said Jannet 
Liston, Eliz. Cellar, Kate McCamont, Jannet Carson, Jannet Mean, and Jannet Latimor, none of 
them has troubled her, neither has been so njuch tormented as when they were at Liberty, and 
that there do now only two appear to her (viz'-), the aforesaid Mrs. Ann, as they called her, and 
another woman, blind of an eye, who told her when Mr. Robb, the curate, was going to pray 
with and for her, that she should be little the better for his prayers, for they would hinder her 
from hearing them, which they accordingly did. 

The Examination of John Smith, taken 14TH March, 1710, 

Who, being duly Sworn and Examined, saith that, upon the within-mentioned Mary Dunbar 
giving an acco' that there was a woman blind of an eye that did torment her, three severall 
women blind of an eye were brought to her, but she, the Said Mary, declared they never troubled 
her, and that she had nothing to say against them or Lay to their Charge ; and one Jane Miller, 
of Carrickfergus, who is blind of an eye, being likewise sent for to come to the Said Mary, that as 
soon as she drew nigh the house where the Said Mary was (the Said Mary did not know of her 
coming), she became very much afraid, faintish, and Sweat, and as soon as shee came into the 
Roome where the Said Mary lay, she, the Said Mary, fell into Such a violent fitt of pains that three 
men were Scarce able to hold her — cryed out, "For Christ's Sake, take the Devil out of the Room ;" 
and being asked, Said the blind woman, meaning the Jane Miller, for she was the woman that did 
Torment her, and shee had seen her too often in her fitts, and the Said Miller being taken from 
the House, the Said Mary came to her Right Senses, and Declared that the Said Jane Miller was 
the woman blind of an eye that did afflict her, tho' she did not know her name, nor never had 
seen her before, but when in her fitts aforesaid, and the Said Jane Miller being brought into her 
again, shee assured them that shee was the woman that did afflict her, and being brought in the 
third time into the Roome unknown and unseen to the Said Mary, as he does verily believe, the 
Said Mary fell into her violent fitts, and begged of the People to take her, the Said Jane Miller, 
out of the Room. 

M 



i62 Old Belfast. 

Bryce Blan, Constable, Deposeth that after the said Jane Miller was delivered to him and 
brought from the said House, he privately, and unknown to the Said Mary, brought her into the 
Room where she was again, and before the Said Mary saw her, shee fell very ill in violent fitts, 
and prayed them to take the Devil out of the Roome. 

The Examination of H. Wilson (Island Magee), taken ioth March, 1710, 

Who, being duly Sworn and Examined, saith that on the 6th Instant he was in the house of Ja. 
Haltridge, in the Said Island, Gent, and Saw Mary Dunbar in a very ill condition, being, as is 
supposed, tormented with witches, and one Jannet Latimore, who being often Said by the person 
grieved to be one of her Tormentors, tho' she never had seen her in her life, but when shee 
appeared, as she Said, to her in her affliction, came near the House, became very uneasie and 
faintish, and much disordered, and became worse and worse, notwithstanding the Said Mary 
Dunbar, nor none of her keepers or attendants knew of the Said Latimer's coming or being there, 
and being desired by Some there in the House to go in and see the Said Mary, which she did, 
amongst several others, and when she appeared to her, the Said Mary fell into Desperate violent 
fitts, and when she got the Liberty of her Tongue (which was often taken from her), Said that 
woman Latimore was one of her Tormentors, and that she knew her face full well, tho' shee had 
never Seen her before, but in her tormented fitts appeared to her. And further saith that one 
Jannet Mean, wife to one Andrew ffergusson, near Billycarry, in the Said County, was brought by 
a Warrant, but privately and unknown to ye Said Mary Dunbar, and among very many more came to 
see her, and at her first appearance Shee, the said Mary, became as before, in her most desperate 
fitts, and both the Said Mean and Latimore being taken apart from the said Haltridge's house to 
another house, to be Exam^' ; that after Examination the Said Mean's Husband would not be 
Satisfied that the sick person would anyway alter at the appearance of his wife. It was agreed 
that shee Should appear to the Sick person again, and that as Soon as she entred the Roome 
Doore where the Said Mary lay, she became distracted, tho' Sober ere her entrance ; and further 
saith that y'^ said Mary is most tormented when prayed with or for. Save when they personally 
appear to her, and she Saith that since the Confinement of Jannet Liston and her Daughter Cat: 
McCamont and Jannet Carson, none appeared to her but the Said Jannet Mean and Jannet 
Latimore, and appears most to her when prayed for as aforesaid,- the Said Mary being, when out 
of her fitts, very sensible. 

The Examination of Charles Lennan, Gent., taken ye ioth of March, 1710, 

Who, being Duly Sworn and Examined, Saith that the 5th and 6th Instant he was in the House 
of James Haltridge, of Island Magee, Gent., where lies in a most Desperate Condition Mary 
Dunbar, of or about the age of 17 or 18 years, being, as Concluded by all that See her, tormented 
with Witches and Witchcraft, and his Examination agreeth word for word with the ioth in 
Examination, and further Saith that when Mr. Sinclare, the Minister, was praying with the said 
Mary Dunbar, that the Said Mary Said Jennet Latimore and Jannet Mean told her that they 
would hinder her of hearing his prayers ; but both Said to her if she would do as they would have 
her to do, she would soon be well. The Ext. further Saith that when the Said Mary was taken or 
helped out of the Roome she lay in that she fell as dead on the Threshold, and at her Desire the 
Threshold and floor about was dug up, And in so doing there was a strong Smell as (as was 
Concluded) of Brimstone, and when done the Said Mary went out of y<= Said Roome without any 
trouble, and in Some hours after, when Mr. Sinclare prayed with her, shee fell into violent fitts, 
and said she Saw the Said Mean and Latimore, who Said to her that shee should not get so well 
out of the Door again, whereupon it was agreed that she should try; accordingly she did, and 
fell into more violent fitts than before, both at her going out and Returning to the Said Roome. 

The Examination of Wm. Fenton, of Island Magee, 3D of March, 1710, 

Who, being duly Sworn and Examined, Saith that for sometime past the House of James 
Haltridge, of Island Magee aforesaid, hath been haunted with Evil Spirits (as he is credibly 
Informed), and that Mary Dunbar, being now in the Said house, is in great Disorder, and very 
much tormented both day and night by Witches ; And by the description the said Mary Dunbar 
gave this Ext- and others of the Witches, they did verily believe that Jannet Liston and Eliz. 
Cellar were persons Guilty of the Same, upon which, on Friday Last, they Sent for the Said 
persons, and when the said Jannet Liston and Eliz. Cellar came into the Roome where y^ Said 
Mary Dunbar was. Shee the Said Mary fell into a violent fitt of Pains, and Said that as Soon as 
she Saw them she was Stung to y'^ heart, and declared that the Said Jannet and Elizabeth were 
Devils, and continually with Several other women about her bed troubling her, and further Saith 
that there were a great many more of other women present when the Said Mary Challenged the 
Said Jannet and Elizabeth, whom she never Saw in her Lifetime before her trouble aforesaid. 

John Willson, of Island Magee aforesaid, 
agreeth with the above, word for word. 

James Blyth, of Bank, in the County of Antrim, 

Who, being duely Sworn and Exam^-. agreeth Verbatim with the aforesaid Exam"s- and further 
Saith that the Said Mary Dunbar Said she heard her Tormentors name one Katty among them, 
upon which one Katherine McCamont was sent for; and as Soon as She came into the Said 



Island Magee Witches, 1710. 



163 



Mary's Roome, the Said Mary Dunbar fell into such violent fitt of pains that three persons were 
not able to hold her, and that the Said Mary Dunbar Declared that the Said Katherine was one of 
her tormentors, and further Saith that as soon as the Said Katherine entered the House, tho' 
unseen to the Said Mary, her pains Seized on her with a great Sweat. 

James Hill Deposeth that the first Instant, he being in the House of Wm. Cellar of Island 
Magee, one Mary Twmain {sic) came into the Said House and called out Jannet Liston to speak to 
her, and that after the Said Jannet came in again shee feU a trembling, and told this Depon' that 
the Said Mary had been desiring her to go to Mr. Haltridge to see Mary Dunbar, but declared 
she would not goe for all Island Magee, except Mr. Sinclare wou'd come for her (and Said) — If the 
plague of God was on her, the Said Mary Dunbar, y^ Plague of God be on them altogether ; the 
Devil be with them, if he was among them. If God had taken her health from her, God give her 
health. If the Devil had taken it from her, the Devil give her it. And then said — O, ^misbelieving 
ones, eating and drinking Damnation to themselves. Crucifying Christ afresh, and Taking all out 
of the hands of the Devil. Cap( et Jurat v" Die Martij, ijio. 




ANCIENT CORPORATE SEAL OF CARRICKFERGUS. 



William Hatley deposeth that after the aforesaid Mary Dunbar was recovered o Jt of one of 
her fitts, and in her Right Senses, she declared that Jane Carson was one of the tormentors. 



COUNTY ANTRIM. 

The Examination of Hugh Donaldson of Island Magee, in the Said Cou.sty, 

TAKEN the 5TH MARCH, I7IO, 

Who, being duly Sworn and Examined, Saith that the 28th of February, he being in the house of 
James Haltridge of Island Magee afores^. he Saw Mrs. Mary Dunbar afflicted in an unusual 
manner, falling into fitts as if she had been dead, and did not know what any about her said, in 
one of which fitts he heard her say So and So after she was recovered, and very Sensible was asked 
what it was She Said in the Said fitt, shee answered, there was a woman came to the bed side, 
and asked her, Molly Dunbar, how do you do, and the Said Mary, giving the marks of one 
Jannet Liston, whom shee never had seen in her life, as shee said when out of her fitts, upon which 
the Said Liston was sent for, and at her approach the Said Mary affirmed that was the woman, 
and fell into extream torment during the Said Liston's aboad in the Roome, so that Scarce two or 
three men were able to hold her. She likewise, in her other fits, said shee heard her Tormentors 
name one another, and that they called one of them Jannet Carson, another Katty, another 
Jannet Mean, and another McAlexander, all who threatned to kill her if she told their names, upon 



164 



Old Belfast. 



which the Said Janet Carson was Sent for about the first Instant, and as soon as shee appeared, the 
Said Mary fell into a great agony during her stay, as also during the abode of one Eliz: Cellar, 
whom she had given a Description of, and declared to be one of her Tormentors, and that the 
aforesaid Mary Dunbar declared she never Saw any of the aforesaid women before her affliction 
aforesaid, and further Saith that about thirty other women were Severally brought into the Roome 
where she was, and that she never was disturbed in the Least during their Continuance, and Said 
they were none of her afflictors, still averring that the aforesaid women were her tormentors. 

COUNTY ANTRIM. 

The Examination of James Haltridge, of Island Magee, Gent., 24TH Mar., 1710, 

Who, being duly Sworn and Examined, Saith that his house, situate in Island Magee aforesaid, 
which for this considerable time past has been haunted with Evil Spirits and Witches, and in 
which house one Mrs. Mary Dunbar (who is now removed from them to bank in the said County) 
was afflicted and tormented by witches, as she Saith, whom she discovered by giving Exact marks 
and account of the most of their names, tho' she never had Seen of them in her life before (as 
she declares) but when by them tormented ; since y^ Confinement of Margt. Mitchell, whom the 
Said Mary affirm to be the only one that did afflict her since the Confinement of Jannet Liston, 
Eliz. Cellar, Kate McCamont, Jannet Carson, Jannet Mean, Jannet Latimore, and Jane Miller, 
who were all sent to and still do Remain in Gaoll, upon her discovering them as aforesaid to be 
her tormentors, hath never been troubled or molested in the Least, and that the Said Mary Dunbar 
told this Exam*- that Since the Confinement of the Said Margaret Mitchell, whome she assured 
him that she was very Certain was her only tormentor after the Confinement of y« aforesaid 
persons, she the said Mary has not been tormented or afflicted, and that none of them has 
appeared to her, but she has been very easie ever Since, Save Some things she thought was in her 
Stomack, which she would be glad to Vomit, and further Saith not. 

Capt et Jurat cor me 
die Annoque Supradict. 

EDWARD CLEMENTS, Copia Vera. 

(Pinkerton MSS.J (MS. 1. 1-3, T.C.D.J 




VIEW OF BELFAST LOUGH FROM WHITEHOUSE ABOUT I75O. 



Correspondence of Robert Greene, 1718 to 1726. 165 

jeytract6 from Corresponbencc of IRobert Greene, 
agent of the Bonegall lEstates, from 1718 to 1726, 

Belfast, ffeb. 3"^ 172J. 
T>^- Sir, 

Yours the 27"^ Should have been answerd before had I not expected considerable 
Sums from two Gent^ both Wilsons, one our late Sherriff, and other Clerk of the Crown and 
peace, who, instead of paying, unexpectedly hurry'd to Dublin without paying what they 
promissed. Both are expected here by the end of the next week I would more willingly 
pay than you receive were itt in my power. I shall not forgett your letter till y^ money is 
paid. So soon as these Gentlemen return you shall hear, and I hope effectually. 

S' your friend and humble servt., 

To mr. Thomas Gill, att the RoB. Greene. 

Custom-house, Dublin. 

(Earl of Barrymore.) April 2^ lyzd. 

My Lord, 

I am told its believed by Phisicians and others that D"" Macartney our 
Sovereign cannot live till midsummer. If your Lordship thinks fitt a Leett may be sent 
worded to this purpose : — Whereas L Arthur Earle of Donegall, Lord of the Castle of Belfast, 
am informed that James Macartney, Esq''- sovereign of the Corporation of Belfast afores^- is 
very ill, and that its thought he is not likely to live till midsummer, I the s"^ . . . . Earle of 

Donegall, do in case of his Death nominate three Burghesses, one of which to 

be chosen to supply the s'^ sovereign's place in case he shall happen to dye, and this 
nomination is given under my hand k seale in april,i726. Such a Leett may be needfuU, and 
one for midsummer Election if he so long live, but its thought he cannot live till the end of 
this month. I hear mr. Banks began his Journey to my Lady Donegall & mr. Chichester on 
tuesday last, and that he purposes to see y' Ldship. I long to hear that y^ partys concerned 
are agreed to gett an act for raising rents & money by setting leases. Nothing can tend 
more for y"^ benefitt of my Lord & his family in this town. Then trade will begin to 
increase & the town will flourish. I desire to know if y Lordship approves of erecting a 
Woollen Manufacture which will be of great advantage & profitt to this town & Country as I 
can easily demonstrate. I beg your Lordship's answer, and am, &c., 

R. G. . 

(Earl of Barrymore.) Belfast, aprill the g'^ 1726. 

My Lord, 

By several! letters I have told your Lordship that our Sovereign's life is not 
like to last long ; he is daily prayed for, and grows very weak. Since my last a lease 
acquir'd by the Death of one ashmore, the former rent and Duty was 1'' 19^ 6'^- it will now 
sett for 5'' by which there will be an increase rent of 3'' per annum. This day I rec'^ a 
letter from Doctor Scot of y^ 2"' instant, directing me to send him a l)ill for 320'' English for 
my Lord's use against the first of May, which will be above 350" and perhaps near 360'' of 
Belfast money. Your Lordship's orders in this and all other affairs is humbly desired 
by, &c., 

Robert Greene. 

(Earl of Barrymore.) Belfast, april 16"^ 1726. 

ISIy Lord, 

Our late Sovereign was buried last night. His Death and the discontinuance of 
my Lord's Courts by mr. Banks being in England causes a great cry amongst the people. 
My Lord is like to loose above 60" by the want of Surveyors to require the six days' labour. 
Mock Courts are kept ; one was held yesterday, and Warrants dated the 15*- signed Tho: 
Banks, are issued to Summon tenants, under tenants, and servants to a Court leet to collect 
head Money, tho' very illegall. . . . &c., R. G. 



1 66 



Old Belfast. 



(Earl of Barrymore.) Belfast^ aprill 2j'^' iyi6. 

My Lord, 

Yesterday, tho' Sunday, mr. Skeffington, Brigadier Price, our Coll"' mr. Byrt, & 
mr. Clugston metl here, and, as I am told, have elected mr. Robt. Byrt sovereign for y^ Re- 
mainder of the year. Its thought, notwithstanding the agreemt. by which it is mr. Clugston's 
turn, that on midsummer day they purpose to choose him again for y'= next year. He, as its 
said, hopes to be town Clark, which, as I take itt, is to be Clark to himself. Having written 
many Letters without one word in answer, till Honour'd with a few lines, have only to add 
that I am, &c., R. G. 

(Earl of Barrymore.) Belfast, May f^ 1726. 

My Lord, 

I have y^ Hon"" of your Lordship's the 28"' past, and observed y"" Commands 
to y^ Burgesses. The Coll"' seems well satisfied, and assures me Clugston shall be favoured 
& indulged by him to y'^ utmost of his power, but thinks its advisable to defer his election till 
he hath apply'd to y<= Com'= for their consent, and y« rather because here is no Constable to 
swear him. He believes y"^ Com''^ will refer his request to him as CoU^ and says he will 
report in his favour. Mr. Clugston is most thankfuU to y' Lordship, and seems highly 
delighted to think of his approaching Hon""- All he wants is a book to teach him the law, 
resolving to read much, as he hears our late Sovereign did, but he understood not what he 
read, and I believe mr. Clugston's understanding will be abundantly less. Mr. Byrt is much 
transported to find he is like to be town Clark, tho' if possible would have had both, and 
made some most unaccountable and presumptuous steps to procure the Sovereignity. 
Nothing y' y"" Lordship is pleased to direct will meet with the least opposition ; at present 
all needfull is to take care for y*^ future. The ColK hinted to me that mr. Isaac m'Cartney 
would quallify if Elected, and said the late Sovereign told him so. Cap' m'Cullough 
formerly offer'd here severall substantial shopkeepers that will, who incline to come over to 
our church, where they most frequently come. The place may lye vacant till y'' Lordship's 
on the Spott. We want some p'sons quallifyd for y<= Magistracy after Clugston's year's 
ended. Here is nobody in this town but mr. Byrt, who by being town Clark will be dis- 
quallified. This y"" Lordship will consider, and also that encouragements are needfull to 
some in the town when severall are going off. . . . &c. R. G. 




THE OLD CORPORATION CHURCH. TOMB OF THE COLLIER FAMILY. 

{From drawing by A. Nicholl, R.H.A. Pinkerton MSS.) 



Correspondence of Robert Greene, 1718 to 1726. 167 

Belfast, May g^'' 1726. 

Hon" Sir, 

The Enclosed Acco"- given by mr. Macartney I vvoud have brought, 
having long purposed to wait on my Lord y"" Brother and you, had I been able. I have a 
letter from my Lord Barrymore to the same purpose, but a very ill state of health which I 
att present labour under hath long confined me at home, so as to prevent any more than 
humble requests that I might be excused, and earnestly desire by all opportunity that my 
humblest services might be acceptable, with assurance that I shall take pleasure in serving 
my Lord, Lady, you, or any of your family. 

I desire your friendship therein, and that you may be pleased to Hon'' me with a visit 
when you come next here, tho' health should not permitt me to perform my Duty or 
pursue my inclination. In so doing you will most sensibly oblige, &c. , R. G. 

To the Honi'''^ John Skeffington, Esq'- 
att Antrim. 

Belfast, May 14"' 1J26. 
My Lord, 

I writt to mr. Skeffington, who purposes to be here on tuesday, to elect mr. 
Clugston. His Election was so long deferr'd that he might have time to apply to y^ Com'= for 
lycence to serve, which I hope he hath gott, tho' I have not seen him these three days past. 
One Watt, a Master of a ship, is recommended by mr. Mussenden, one of our considerable 
traders, as an honest man of substance. He is master of one of their ships who hath gain'd 
and saved money, and offers 37'' per ann. for y*^ 90 acres that became out of lease by the 
death of Robinson, besides receivers' fees and Dutys, which will be £,2 4 : — more he 
design'd to send his proposall, but being Ord'^ by his owners to go for a load Salt, he 
purposes to wait on y' Lordship w"^ his proposall as afores^'' which I thought fitt to be laid 
before you by him who is with y^ greatest Duty and respect, &c., R. G. 

To Earl of Barrymore, Rocksavage. 



(Earl of Barrymore.) Belfast, May y' 21'' i-j26. 

My Lord, 

On Tuesday last Mr. Clugston was Elected, but cannot Act till some body is 
Impowered to swear him. Mr. Skeffington did not come to Elect, tho' y° Collector and I 
writt to him by an express y' that I sent. On Thursday night Mr. Jones — who was 
recommended for a Burgesse — drank hard at Hillsborough, and Rideing home his horse threw 
him. It was thought he was dead, but he speaks this day and feels pain, w"^'' gives some 
hopes of his recovery, tho' 'tis fear'd he cannot live. The post of a line is much desired 
by, &c., 

R. G. 

(Earl of Barrymore.) Belfast, May the 2j^ 1726. 

My Lord, 

The Coll' was with me yesterday desiring to lett y' Lordship know that 
he purposes to begin his Journey to Wexford Wells on Monday next, and that if mr. 
Clugston be not Swore before, this town will then have neither Sovereign or Justice to keep 
peace, adjust differences, or to Settle Army's Quarters. Here is a great cry about itt 
amongst people of all Ranks in the town. mr. Seymour Sends two Pacquetts, and begs 
your Lordship's Speedy answer, as doth, &c., 

R. G. 

I desire directions about the Hawks ; they are expensive and very troublesome. 

Belfast, May 28"'- 1726. 
My Lord, 

The Coll' begins his Journey to Wexford on tuesday. He desired me to lett 
your Lordship know that for want of Manor or Town Court the poor people Suffer much, 



1 68 Old Belfast. 

and great Outcrys are daily heard. He hath been told mr. Chichester is going to be 
Married, and that mr. Banks Stays to attend the wedding. When the Coll' is gone, for 
want of a Sovereign or some Justice of the peace in this Town, the Common people 
will grow very audacious and Licentious, which was thought needfuU to be laid before 
y'' Lordship by, &c. , 

R. G. 
I have not been Hon<* with a line from y' Lordship since 28*'' April. 

(Earl of Barrymore. ) Belfast, June ji"^ 1726. 

My Lord, 

On Monday last mr. Williams and mr. Banks came to me, and, as mr. 
Williams said, by your Lordship's order, to examine my Acco"=, take up my Vouchers, and to 
give me a discharge for the Same, with an attested Coppy of y"" Lordship's order by which 
he acted, and that mr. Banks was directed his rent Roll to compare with and rectifie mine. 
After which he wanted a bill of so'' for his last half-year's salary , and for 37" 7= i J^ costs to mr. 
Smith, attorney, which bill of 37" 7= i^^^ when he had got with a coppy of my Acco"^ and 
book of receipts for Rent &c Heriots, &c., he had no (more business with nor any) Receipt for 
me ; but going of I askt if there were any grounds for a report that mr. Banks foi his 
Insolence was to be sole agent & Seneschall. He said he believed itt would be so, y' he 
had a power to examine & discharge my Acco"^- I told him he ought to have show'd it, 
and to have proceeded thereon ; that I was ready to acco' with any p'son empowered to 
receive my Vouchers and discharge them. On the contrary, mr. Banks would have me 
take his and discharge him. I am much surprised at what's done, but find great Satisfaction 
in knowing I have acted friendly, Justly, and very successfully for y^ Service of my Lord 
Donegall and his family, and that I have deserved much better treatment, which y"" Lord- 
ship will allow when you are pleased to consider it, &c. , 

R. G. 

Belfast, June 23^'^ 1^26. 
My Lord, 

I am Hon<* with your Lordship's, in answer to which the Hawks have been 
taken care of, and are ready to be deliv'^ as y'^ Lordship shall direct. They have been 
troublesome to me, who have no convenience for them, and some charge. I humbly desire 
y' you may be pleased to order me what due out of the Isle Magee & Maghremorne at all 
S'^ last, I having paid the same. In so doing you will much oblige, &c., 

R. G. 
To Lord Hilsborough. 

Belfast, Sept. if' 1726. 
DR Sir, 

I am favoured with y''^ by this post, and will observe directions. My leggs are 
yett inflamed, and the Swelling but little abated ; the pain in my groin is quite gone. I breath 
as well if nott better than when you were here, and am no worse if not better in health, but 
daily perplexed with vexatious proceedings promoted by those who would destroy me if in 
their power. My most humble service to Doctor Worth ; we were once intimate, but I 
thought he had forgott me. I wish him long life with good health, and the like to 
Docf^ Robinson, to whom pray make my humblest Service acceptable. You said you had 
fifty pounds by you ; if so, pray pay it forthwith to mr. Hugh Henry on my Ace'- I will 
repay you on demand with legall interest. I am pincht at present, and shall be for about 
two months, therefore your assistance now will much oblige, 

D' Will, 

Y' affectionate Uncle, 

R. G. 

My wife joynes with me in affectionate Services to you and y"" Spouse, and in wishes 
that y"" wife, you, and y"^ Children may long live in health & be most happy. There is 
a Carrier of this town now in pill lane ; piay, by him send me some lemons and Civill 
orranges. 

To mr. William Greene, Surgeon, at y* 

sign Alembeck, on Mercht^ Key, Dublin. 



Extracts from Letters of Mrs. M. M'Tier. 



169 




VIEW OF BELFAST NEAR CABIN HILL, RESIDENCE OF DR. DRENNAN. 



leytracts front Uettcr^ of fIDrs. fID. riD^^ier, of 
ISclfast, to ber brother, Dr. Milliam Drennan, 
between 177e=*84. 




UR gaiety here continues. Last Friday we had a most elegant ball at 
Mr. Brown's, Peter's Hill. There was above seventy people. The 
night before, there was one at Dr. Seeds'. Young Magee has got 
;^50Q in the Belfast scheme : it has been ill-managed, by which a great 
number of tickets remained unsold. Many were subscribed to, and 
the rest were required by the scheme, which has gained near 18 
hundred pounds already. 

" The triumph of the few and fears of many begin to decline in 
regard to the victories in America — from Dublin we hear that there 
is little credit given to the various accounts of Washington's defeat. 
Our winter sets out rather gayer than usual ; we have already had three 
Balls — one, as a house-warming, at Dr. Appesley's ; another at Captain 
Stewart's; and a third at Miss Turnly's, by the Wallaces. The officers of the ^rf//^«^a being 
here, occasioned their following each other so quickly. We had also a very grand one at the 
infirmary, the only one I partook of. In the County of Down there is a party formed called a 
Coterie, occasioned by Mrs. Hunter of Pine Hill giving a dinner and a ball on her son's being of 
age ; there was at it above forty people of that neighbourhood, and they found it so agreeable 
that they agreed it should be kept up at each other's houses thro' the winter ; and last week 
Rainey Ma.xwell gave the second, but as it was the same night as Hill W.'s, Rainey had the 
fewest men. Dr.Ross has at length resigned in favour of Dr. Appesley, and quit the stage with 
decency and fortitude. 

"Do you remember Val Pierce in this town? He stayed at Mr. Harrison's, and went to 
America some time ago. He sold all the goods he had upon Commission, remitted the money, 
and immediately joined the Provincials. 'Young Bristow, who was with General Burgoine and 
lost his all, writes to his brother here that he had heard of his old friend Pierce, and that he was 
then a Major of Brigade. 



I70 Old Belfast. 

"Our volunteer companys make a good figure. Captain Banks' is the most numerous, and 
he is fond of showing them in marching to Church or Meeting, a parade dechned by the others. 
They, however, I am told, are to fire on Sunday next. Their regimentals are blue, white waist- 
coats and breeches, and blue cord-laced hats, and it is thought pretty, etc. As J. Gregg resigned 
when he went to America, there was another Officer to be balloted for his place, and Sam was 
chosen — a very inconvenient and expensive honor. Rowley wrote from Dublin last post begging 
leave to join them. Halliday was so much mortified at not being chosen their Captain that he 
could not disguise it. He had been ist Lieutenant in the old Belfast Company, a circumstance 
that was not known by T. Holmes and Sam, who were really the persons who got Saunders 
appointed, from their opinion of his being a man of knowledge and bravery. Halliday attacked 
Sam about their choice with great warmth, and was backed by Bamber and all their Patriotism, 
exclaiming against the appearance of such a wonder as two Vol. Companys in Belfast, and both 
tory officers. Much was said on both sides. 

" Lord Donegall was here : the ladies he paid most attention to were Mrs. Brown and Mrs. 
Lyon. 

" In Belfast we, nor indeed anyone, can now live on a small fortune but in an obscure and, 
what is worse, a vulgar manner, for a small, genteel house in a tolerable situation is not to be 
got at any moderate rent, and it is crowded with rich upstarts who, skipping from the counter to 
their carriage, run one down with force of wealth which sanctions ignorance and vulgarity, and 
now gives them a lead and fashion who, a few years since, w'^ have shrunk with awe from the 
notice of what is called good company. 

"Don't you wish to see Miss Brunton? She is very pleasing. I went in to her Juliet, and 
think she was really Shakspear's ; but I am sick of Tragedy, for I have seen it so long that I 
know each Ha ! and Oh ! by heart. 

" A Nabob of the name of Rankin, son to the dissenting minister, has bought Montgomery's 
estate near us (Cabin Hill), and builds a great house immediately. Jemmy Crawford is on his 
return with _^6o,ooo. Hull is making a great figure at Drumbo. The Bishop of Down lives 
elegantly at Purdysburn. Lord Dungannon is expected to settle at Belvoir, and from all parts 
people are flocking to Belfast. 

" The entertainment to the Ld. Lieutenant was most elegant, and conducted with decorum 
and taste, so as to be much noticed and spoke of by all the noblemen there. Mr. Bristow was 
determined to please all. He drew up an address for that purpose — merely civil, fixed his toasts, 
&:c. By accident he had omitted to drink Ld. Rawdon, and a note being sent to him from the 
foot of the table reminding him of it, either a wish to atone for the neglect, or the truth being 
without caution to his tongue, he drank Rawdon's health and the glorious Camden. This really 
did receive three cheers. Conscience or recollection struck the company. 

' ■ Not but his Lordship, perceiving the danger he was in from the imprudence of the task, 
and having got the better of a panic which he acknowledged afterwards he felt, he thanked the 
company, and told them the success of that day was owing to the Harp on his standard and the 
Irishmen who followed it. 

" He supped at Mr. Greg's. Mentioned the Toast, and his distress upon it, from his know- 
ledge of the sentiments of the Belfast people, for which he said he honored them. Mentioned his 
military enthusiasm being over, and that the war with America was sufficient to affect it ; his 
desire of being active, and for the future hoped it would be in the Cabinet, not in the field, but 
despaired of it while Mr. Pitt was Minister, as with a man of his duplicity he could never act. 

"At Hillsborough Corporation dinner the Governor gave ' the Volunteers. ' Ld. H. cried, 
' Fy, fy, fy,' and each time knocked his hand on the table — ' Do you know. Sir, there is not a toast 
could be more disagreeable to G'ment.' Ward replyed he would apply to Government for infor- 
mation, and, announcing the toast to the Lord Lieutenant, drank it in a bumper. 

" I hear there was a meeting called by Bristow last week to propose subscriptions for raising 
men for his Majesty's fleet, but M'Cabe and company would not consent. Such men are very 
useful, and have ten times the merit of their superiors, who dare only to bluster in the private 
circle of their friends. It is not to such, but to men they look down on that Ireland owes her 
freedom. I think these sort of expenses ought to be taken in turn, and for this war those who 
kept free of Volunteer trouble and expense during the last should now step forward, and either 
guard their Coasts or open their purses. I would be invaded, were I an Irish Volunteer, before 
I would volunteer it either with money or person for George the s''- 

" The last resolve carried in Belfast is to demolish Bryson's Meeting-House, and build in its 
stead a new one on the model of the Church. J. Kennedy's name is down for 20 guineas. 

"A large number of the Members of the Constitution Club is just passed to C'fergus in 
order to make a figure for Waddel Cunningham. His friends say he has been offered a seat for 
Belfast by L'^ Donegal if he will give up C'fergus ; but this during his Patriotick hour would 
not do. 

" Ld. Donegal is expected immediately, and some fields about the poorhouse a few weeks 
ago have sold for ^^lo an acre. 

"Belfast has been very gay. Col. Lindsay and his Corps gave the most elegant ball and 
supper at Sheridan's ever seen in this kingdom. Mrs. Bell Brown gave another last week to 150 
people, who all supped in her house. Of this there has been much talk, as it was rather in the 
tag-rag style. 

" Dr. Haliday dined here on Sunday, and shewed me a letter from Lord Charlemont which 
I think you would like, as it seemed warm from the heart of a good old man zealous in his 
Country's cause. He tells the Dr. he wishes early to give him an account of his embassy, which 



Extracts from Letters of Mrs. M. M'Tier. 171 

has fully answered every purpose he wished from it, and then, I think, uses some words of yours, 
that before the independence of Ireland was only in theory, nvw it's fixed by practise. He raves 
like a lover of the Prince, and says he knows not how to quit the theme ; that till he saw him, he 
had not an idea of an accomplished prince ; that their reception was far more than cordial, and 
that Ireland may rest assured she has bound by the strongest ties of gratitude the accomplished 
Prince, who will one day be their King. He asks what the Belfast politics are, laments the fall 
of Reviews, but says his friends have acted well in determining to do all they could. 

"Lord Dungannon is at Belvoir, living in a princely style, and Ld. and Lady Antrim with 
their 3 daughters. The young man, I believe, is very decent, appears unaffected, pleased with 
Belfast, and his Mother and sisters. Walks into Town, and attends the public places. He 
presides at the Coterie next night, his choice Mrs. Rankin, who is much the fashion. 

" Of your address to Lord Charlemont I never heard but from yourself. Of Dr. Haliday's 
politics or any other persons I know little, not having been twice in company since you were 
here. What Sam hears comes to me, and that is all. By this chance I know that Lord 
Charlemont wrote to Dr. H. , begging he might use his influence to prevent any Volunteers' 
resolutions about political matters, as it was certain their enemies were upon the watch for some 
unguarded expressions, which would be eagerly caught on as an excuse for a riot act or some 
other mode of destruction. His Lordship, you may believe, did not choose to be mentioned in 
this. I believe his motives were good, as his actions have ever been consistent, and all his words 
the natural expressions of an honest, affectionate, and anxious friend to the Volunteers of his 
Country. 

"There is in this Town at present a violence of business, if I may say so, which I would 
think portends something great either in the rise or fall of individuals. Strange it would be in 
any other man but W. Cunningham, after all the opposition given to the Bank, as a matter 
hurtful to the public, to declare that next New Year's day he would open a second in Belfast. 
This, however, he has announced; speaks with contempt of the management, etc., of the 
present, and looks destruction He has avowed T. Campbell as a partner, but none of the rest. 
A. Stewart of Newtownards, Carr, Hull, Rankin are spoke of. 

" Sam's opinion is that Belfast does not know its strength and power, and that there is business 
for two Banks, founded I suppose upon the Discount Office having discounted ^25,000 a-month 
even since the Bank opened. 

" Websters, Bambers, and Hamills are all going to Belfast to live ; but houses are not to be 
got for the half that want them. In the New Street, ;^iio is asked as rent. 

" Our Linen Hall and New Street is all marked out. and goes back as far as the stone table 
in the Castle Garden, and quite across the Mall into the exercising field. 

" Belmont is sold, and Will Bateson the purchaser. 

" Castle Hill is once more going to verify the country people's observation of being unlucky, 
and often changing its inhabitants. Its present one is embarrassed, and is about selling it to 
Bunbury, Mr. Isaacs heir. 

" Will Bateson keeps Belmont close to himself on his _^i,6oo. 

" Atkins has sent a proposal to Mrs. Siddons of _^ioo for three nights, and Dr. Haliday has 
wrote to Mrs. O'Neil for her interest. 

" Jemmy Kennedy has taken our old Rosemary St. habitation, which has been so much im- 
proved by the last tenant that it is really a genteel and most convenient habitation. 

" Mrs. Siddons is now here working wonders, and I would really be greatly disappointed if 
you do not see her. The effects of her Belvedera have done credit to the feelings of the audience. 
No one disappointed, even the old bigots to Mrs Cibber and Garrick. Haliday swelled; 
Mattear snivelled ; Major Leslie cryed, and damned the play ; W. Cunningham rubbed his legs 
and changed his posture ; a Mrs. Aderton was really taken out in convulsions ; and Miss Lewis, 
that was now Mrs. Britt, left the house. Many ladies besides these were much affected, tho' 
sooner recovered. 

" We hear no other subject. Last night in the Unhappy Marriage she is supposed to have 
reached the height of human powers. 

" She was indeed great, beyond all others I ever beheld. Fair ladies were taken out faint- 
ing in the last act. and hardly a man could stand it. Sam cried for half-an-hour after he went to 
bed, and many others who withstood it in the House gave up to tears when they went home. 

" The Edinburgh strictures are beautiful and just. As for myself, I can wonder, admire, be 
chilled, thrilled, &c., &c. , but cannot cry — not that I feel too much for tears, but she does not 
melt me ; I believe she is too great. At first I supposed it was my having out-lived these fine 
enthusiastic feelings of youth ; but all ages, all characters yield to her. 

" I drop a tear, but it's almost a single one. I am therefore at ease enough to criticise. I 
see all her perfections, perhaps several little, unassuming, modest beauties not attended to by 
others. Many, I daresay, have spoke a speech as well, and in great places been as great ; but in 
the delicate minutia of character, expressed by a bend, a look, in all those little decencies and 
graces which are so charming in life that they are to be prized above virtue, or rather are they 
not the essence of it? — in all these she is perfect, and affords a pleasure to an attentive observer 
that perhaps was never equalled on the stage unless by Garrick, but in a fine woman they have 
a finer effect. 

" Her behaviour in private company is reserved, elegant, and sensible. She sings 
charmingly ; her sister joins with more judgment, but not so sweet a voice. I have not been in 
company with her ; you perhaps may, if you can get here next week, in which there will be the 
3 benefits. Whether she stays long is not yet known. A report prevails that Kemble comes 
down for the sisters' benefits. What the plays are is not yet known. 



172 Old Belfast. 

"And now for the state of the Nation, which at least makes the papers amusing. Much, 
indeed, and seeming good of the kind, is said on both sides — too much for me to determine — but 
as to the heads of the Party, my admiration, respect, and good opinion has been from the first 
bestowed on Mr. Pitt. 

" His opponent I believe a man of Ability only, whose ambition and fortune tempt to 
Hereditary Crimes. Ld. Chatham's son, I believe, will be proudly virtuous, neither tempted by 
vicious pleasure nor broken fortune to sully his or his Father's name, and whose character I 
daresay it's his ambition to imitate, the praise of which forever charms his ear. 

" As I have spent my Cmas with the old ladys I named to you, I cannot retail to you much 
on the subject of the day worth hearing, except it may be an observation that Sam made to 
myself. I had not heard anything like it broach'd, and thought if it could be supported it might 
be, what I am always on the watch for, good subject for your poem, and one which Orrelana 
might once again come forward as the champion of his country's rights. 

" That this was the most fortunate time for Ireland proving indisputably her independence, 
by voting the Prince Regent from right hereditary, or if England took the other side, then to 
oppose him, and at any rate establish Ireland in her fullest rights. If there is anything in this, 
why are Irishmen at present so becalmed as scarce to give an opinion, as if they durst not till the 
matter was fixed for them by England. Were the matter happily weighed, elegantly expressed, 
insinuatingly conveyed — if truth was its foundation, I would wish you to be the author. 

" Much will, no doubt, be said after the Meeting of Parlt. and by Mr. Grattan in particular, 
who, I suppose, will be on this occasion a Foxite. Di" Haliday and White are the only ones 
here. 

" There has been nothing here worth relating, as you will see by the insipidity of the resolu- 
tions, which were certainly formed so in compliance to Lord Charlemont's desire— at least it 
was owing to that being made known that there was not an address either here or at Killyleagh, 
and I believe his Lordship was very anxious that there should not be any from Belfast, as other 
places, he hoped (and said so), would follow its example. His reason for this was, he said, the 
great trouble he had in answering all these addresses, so much as to make it the only disagree- 
able matter attending the Review. At the meeting of delegates it was the opinion of all the 
address, if there was one, should be merely complimentary, and the chief argument against it 
was that such was not acceptable to Ld. C, who wished to do his duty as a thing of course. 
Thus the annual proper method of Volunteers making public their political sentiments has been, 
in my opinion, ungenerously quashed by his L'dship's finding it sometimes inconvenient to 
declare his own, and this indulgence I would never have granted him, but spoke out to him at the 
usual times, and never have let even the lorm die, but at such a time as this to be gagged. 

" There was a long debate, but about nothing. Bryson was at first for addressing, but 
ruined both himself and his cause by a rant of nonsense. He was answered by A. Stewart, and 
then came about to his opinion. W. Cunningham was for addressing, but not for mentioning 
politics, yet raged at the proposition, and talked ot nothing else ; was silenced by Bl.ack, who 
was against addressing. Jones, I believe, never spoke. Bryson drew up a resolution of thanks 
to Ld. C. , and read and proposed it aloud. It was thought cool, and a murmur rose against it. 
To get rid of it. 'twas proposed a Committee of five should name each other to draw up a 
complimentary resolution. Sharman, A. Stewart, Isaac, Crawford, and Bryson brought forth the 
little reptile you see. 

" The meeting-house is finished, and meets with great admiration, but is not to be opened till 
Lord Donegal comes. There is still a large debt, to which the Bishop of Derry very genteely 
and unasked sent £$0. 

" Subscriptions are talked of for building an Academy, and Crombie will get every encourage- 
ment. 

" The Bishop of Down has been staying at Bristow's, and appears to be the modestest and 
most amiable of liishops. Crombie waited on him at a time when Trail, Leslie, and many more 
of the cloth were at court. Among these his L'dship looked like a curate. He received Crombie 
well, approved of his scheme, etc. ; but one of them had the impudence to stagger him by asking 
if he looked on himsetf ?es. the Principal in the affair? To which the pawky carl answered that 
at present all the trouble and management of the m.itter devolved on him, but that in future 
he hoped it would rest on abler persons. Trail supposed confining the matter to the lower 
branches of education wd. be sufficient for a trading town like this. He was answered these 
also would be taught in course, and, to their great mortification, they found this intelligence was 
merely compliment, for that the affair was determined on. and was to meet able support. 

" I suppose you have engaged early accounts from W. Bruce of the Convention. 

" I think this Country never met so awful, so glorious a day as this. It has been consigned 
to the delegates by a people who has nobly given them the opportunity and the power of i-fjw- 
mandi?isi \\\.?X\ce. to be done their Country, for it is in that strain only that they will be listened to. 
'Tis by that they will meet with obedience. If they should in the least degree depart from the 
firm spirit which has hitherto marked them and gained them the confidence of a people, they 
will lose a moment glorious for themselves and for their Country, perhaps never more to return ; 
such are not frequent. The matter they have to deliberate on is good, and both good and great 
are divided in their opinions upon it. I would be sorry, however, they would find it so vast as 10 
determine upon nothing, or but a few inferior points. Might it not be better in firm and imani- 
mous terms to demand one fundamental right that the rest might grow out of, or time and 
experience point out. 

" I do not hear much politics. There seems to be a timidity about the times creeping 



Extracts from Letters of Mrs. M. M'Tier. 



173 



over those whose opinions I once thought well of. Some of them are grown old and cold, others 
have ceased to be volunteers. They are fretted and defeated in their opinions of men they 
placed too much trust in, and have not candour enough to allow they erred. They are not active 
in this mighty business, and perhaps thro' envy (a more common vice than is thought) blame and 
deride those who are. 

' ' Would you give 3d to know the delegates from Belfast ? it is only halfpence a-piece and 
one over, for we have appointed five. Ld. Bristol, Bishop of Derry ; the Rev^ Mr. Killburn, 
Presbyterian Minister; Robert Thompson. Mercht. and Henry Joy, Printer; if these are not an 
aggregate of knowledge, the deuce is in it ! If the chusing of Ld Bristol to be a party in what 
relates to Representation of the people be not wrong, I think these incendiarys (as they are now 
called) have done very well. 

"They have appointed smart men who espoused their cause, and stick to it now that it is out 
of fashion ; for it is really so among all the higher class, and the next, and next, gibe and ape the 
sneer of their betters, or smile in silence at the list of names which now appear to consider of a 
Parliamentary Reform and the affairs of the Nation. 

" I never was hurt by public matters before ; but there is a laugh gone forth and easily kept 
up by those who, in my opinion, have betrayed a good cause, that once had the voice of a Nation 
in its favour, and it is not to be borne coming irom such. What is become of that torrent of 
patriotism which, in a rush over the whole land, promised to bear down all before it, till it 
reached its height ? And must it decline so very rapidly — not, surely, without some deep-concealed 
mine, which, tho' powerful, is yet unsuspected? 

" W. Cunningham refused to sign the call for the meeting. He goes to England, so has not 
time to serve his country in Convention. 

" Hill Wilson has set Purdysburn to the Bishop of Down. 

" Bruce and Harry Joy are appointed delegates to the Convention from the County of the 
town of Carrickfergus. Whether these countys will get leave to send them is uncertain ; but if 
any do this will, and I rejoice there is a dissenting Clergyman among them, and that Bruce is he. 

" I knew last post you would receive a letter more worthy your attention than mine, and 
deferred writing till the matter was settled — not from the reason you supposed, for it was known 
only to one or two that you were to be proposed till the day before the meeting. It was attended 
by all those who now attend such places, and was flattering to you. Some suppose you will go 
to Convention ; many that you will not. Those who have asked me (among whom were Dr. 
Haliday) I have answered that I am sure you will be consistent, which could not be the case 
while you avowed the ' Helot ' and refused to attend Convention." 




WILLIAM DRENNAN, M.D. 

(From the only ktioivii Portrait in possession of his grandson, \\\ h. drennan, efq.) 




PORTRAIT OF MARY ANN m'CRACKEN. 

{From an Oil Painting h w. Thompson, in possession of C. atchison, j.p ) 



Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 



175 



Xife of flDar^ Unn flD^CracJ^en, 6istcr of Ibcnri? 3o^ 

riDUracRen. 

By her Grand-Niece, Miss ANNA M'CLEERV. 




HE following sketch is a feeble attempt to recall some reminis- 
cences of a life well worthy of a fuller record, whether on 
account of the excellence of her of whom it treats, who was truly 
a woman of whom it might be said "she hath done what she 
could," or because of the stirring events with which she came 
into close contact. 

Miss Mary Ann M'Cracken was born in Belfast, 8th July, 
1770. Her childhood was spent in a house in High Street 
nearly opposite Bridge Street. Her father, John M'Cracken, was 
captain and part owner of a vessel trading between Belfast and 
the West Indies, and belonged to a Scotch family which had 
settled in Ireland. His mother was a strict Presbyterian, stern 
and uncompromising. On Christmas Day she would sit conspicuously at her spinning-wheel 
as a protest against the keeping holy of such a time. Her granddaughter, Mary Ann 
M'Cracken, was wont to say she inspired more fear than love, and was enabled to exercise 
considerable influence, from the firm conviction, entertained by her children and dependants, 
that any threatenings she might utter would surely come to pass. Several illustrations were 
given of this supposed power of invoking judgment, one of which, as it concerns the family, 
may be related. 

In the year 1763 Captain M'Cracken had occasion to spend some months in Liverpool 
to superintend the building of a new vessel. He proposed to take his wife to reside with 
him during that time, and to leave their children, two in number, under their grandmother's 
care. The old lady, not relishing the charge, told her daughter-in-law "she wished she 
might get a scare before coming back." And truly she did ; for her husband, not wishing 
her to return in the new and untried vessel, sent her home before him. The ship in which 
she was encountered rough weather, and was wrecked on the South Rock near Ballywalter. 
All on board were saved by getting into the boat, but somehow they were unable to bring 
the boat quite to dry land, and had to wade a long distance in shallow water. To add to 
Mrs. M'Cracken's fatigue, she carried in her pockets 200 guineas, which had been entrusted 
to her to bring over, so inconvenient at that time were the arrangements for transmitting 
money. 

Mrs. M'Cracken's maiden name was Ann Joy. She was daughter of Francis Joy, svho 
established the News-Lette)- ist Sept., 1737 (the third newspaper published in Ireland). The 
Joys claimed to be of Huguenot descent, three named Joy or Joyeuse having come from 
France, one of whom settled in the North of Ireland. Mary JNI'Cracken used to remark 
that she could trace different nationalities among her ancestry. Her mother's grandfather 
was Mr. George Martin, of whom she writes as follows : — 

"My grandmother Joy was daughter to George Martin, who was Sovereign of Belfast, 
and a Presbyterian. It was at that time the custom for the Sovereign and burgesses to 
march in procession to church, and for the Sovereign to hand Lady Donegall into her seat, from 
whence she had a view of the burgesses' seat. Not seeing the Sovereign there, and, on in- 
quiring as to the cause, finding that he was a Presbyterian, and that when he had performed 
his official duty he went to his own place of worship, she gave orders that in future none but 
members of the Established Church should be appointed burgesses ; and at that time there 
were but eleven who could write their own names. This my mother had heard from her 
mother, and wished very much to see the book in which their names were recorded, and 
being acquainted with the Town Clerk, she asked him to get her a sight of the book, which 
he did, and I looked over her shoulder and saw it written — Hugh (his X mark) Doak, brick- 
layer, but neglected to ascertain the date. My grandmother Joy's Christian name was 
Margaret ; she was the youngest daughter of Mr. Martin, and was born in the year 1690, 
forty years before my mother. George Martin made a present to the town of a piece of 
ground on which the old Market House was built. He advanced ;^2,ooo to pay the King's 
troops (he was Sovereign when King William came to the throne), which was never repaid 
to him or any of his family." 

Such was the story related by Mary M'Cracken as a family tradition, but there seems 
to be some confusion of dates and persons. According to Benn's History of Belfast, the only 



176 



Old Belfast. 



Geo. Martin whose name appears in the list of Sovereigns held that post in 1649. He did 
not complete his year of office, as his house and goods were seized by the Parliamentary troops 
under Venables, and he himself forced to fly to Scotland, because he did not provide accom- 
modation for the soldiers. This Geo. Martin was great-great-grandfather to Henry Joy, 
and would bear the same relationship to Mary M'Cracken. He had eight sons. 

Hugh Doak was Sovereign in 1647. His signature was appended to various public 
documents, always in initials in printed character (the mode of making a mark frequently 
practised in those times), the full name having been written by someone else, not always in 
the same handwriting. His will was signed in the same manner, and shows that he was 
possessed of considerable property, and that his daughter had been married to a member of 
one of the best families in the town. 

Such an incident as that concerning Lady Donegall and the Sovereign is by no means 
incredible, as both before and after the Revolution there were laws on the statute book which 
prohibited dissenters from holding any public offices except the most menial. These laws 
were not always enforced, but they might be if it suited any one's interest or humour to 





CAPTAIN JOHN M CRACKEN. 

Father of Mary Ann IWCracketi. 

Phoio-cngraved direct /roin Miniature iji possession of the 
Misses M'Cracken, grand-nieces of Mary Ann M'Cracken, 



THE WIFE OF CAPTAIN JOHN m'CRACKEN. 

Mother of Mary Ann. M'Cracken. 



demand that they should. There might be reasons why, in Belfast, they should sometimes be 
allowed to fall into abeyance. Not only were the Presbyterians the most numerous and 
influential, but the office of Sovereign was one not always coveted in those unsettled times. 

That there was much uncertainty in the enforcement of Acts of Conformity would appear 
from a petition presented to the House of Commons, in 1707, against the return of an M. P. 
for Belfast. At his election only six burgesses could vote, the others not having received the 
Sacrament according to the Episcopal form. The six who voted were equally divided ; the 
Sovereign, therefore, claimed to have the casting vote, which he gave in favour of his man. 
On the petition being presented, one of the opposers of the returned member failed to prove 
that he had taken the Sacramental test. The M.P. therefore retained his seat, having been 
returned by, three out of twelve burgesses. 

Mary M'Cracken was the youngest but one of a large family, of whom four sons and 
two daughters lived to grow up, and several attained to an advanced age. She was a delicate 
child, and thought to be in consumption. Contrary to the modern practice, she was kept on 
low diet for the benefit of her health. However, the treatment does not appear to have been 
unsuccessful, for, as she said herself, " I have been a long time consuming away." She must 



Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 177 

have been an active child, since she accomplished the feat of hopping three times across High 
Street without stopping. She was very fond of animals — a liking she retained to the end of 
her days. 

She went through the usual school routine of the time. The division of subjects would 
seem strange to the scholar of the present day. There was a school for English, and another 
for writing. Girls were sent for a time to a sewing and again to a knitting school. In all 
branches of sewing she was proficient. There was no French teacher in Belfast in her school 
days, but her father, who had been in France as a prisoner of war, wished his children to 
learn the language, and engaged an old French weaver, who lived in the town, to come in 
the evenings to teach them. His English translations were somewhat peculiar — il faut was 
always "it be to be." Mary would generally endeavour to get her lesson said first, that she 
might get a sleep with her head on the table. 

After leaving school she had no idle time. Besides other household work, her share 
of shirt-making, stocking-darning (her mother knit the stockings), for four brothers, gave 
plenty of occupation. 

When she was past her childhood, the family left High Street, and went to Rosemary 
Street. Two of the young men married, but remained for a time beneath the parental roof. 
Their house was known by some as Noah's Ark, and numerous were the inmates, the inferior 
animals being largely represented. 

In course of time Mary M 'Cracken, always energetic, proposed to her sister that they 
should go into business. The project was carried out, and they commenced the business of 
muslin manufacturers. Mary was the moving spirit, and worked early and late. She has 
said that so closely confined was she at times, that, when going to the post office before break- 
fast, she has felt inclined to leap and dance with delight in the fresh morning air. Her chief 
object in trying to make money was that she might have some of her own to give away as 
she wished. She was of a very sanguine temperament and did not spare herself, and to some 
extent she succeeded in her object ; but — perhaps the times were against her — she had much 
struggling and anxiety, and the ultimate result was disappointing. 

^ Before proceeding further, it may be well to take a glance at the state of the country 
and the condition of the people. Anarchy had reigned in Ireland for centuries, and even 
when the times became more settled, the poverty in the rural districts was extreme. Still 
the mass of the people, ignorant of modern improvements, and prejudiced against innovations, 
were content to rub along in the old way, particularly those of them who happened to live 
on the estate of a free-handed resident landlord, who would keep about him an unlimited 
number of hangers-on, paying little money (for of that he had small share himself), but easy- 
going in his exactions of service, and dispensing hospitality as lavishly in the kitchen as in the 
dining-room. But a very little disturbance of the regular order of things — such as a less abundant 
harvest, a bad potato crop, or anything which reduced ever so slightly the scanty supply of 
necessaries — brought them to actual want, and anyone who demanded money by legal right, 
be he tithe collector, agent of non-resident landlord, excise or custom-house officer — any 
messenger of the law — was regarded as a natural enemy to be thwarted and resisted. 

The religious element mingled largely with all agrarian troubles, for it so happened 
that those who were opposed in interests were usually of different creeds. It has ever been the 
case that religious wars have produced an intensity of bitterness, estrangement, and distrust 
beyond any others, and Ireland has been no exception to this rule. 

It would be tedious even to name the various parties who banded themselves together 
to resist the law or oppose each other. Their numbers were drawn from the peasantry, or 
the smaller farmers, who were little better off. I>et it suffice to mention a few of the Northern 
societies — "Oak-Boys" and "Hearts of Steel" between 1762 and 1770; then there were 
the " Peep-of-Day Boys," from whom were developed the modern Orangemen; and the 
"Defenders," who were Catholics. The "Hearts of Steel" came into connection with 
Belfast on the occasion of a riot in 1770, under the following circumstances : — 

Some of Lord Donegall's leases having fallen simultaneously, he asked an increased 
rent on renewing them. This was by no means unreasonable, because the land had been 
originally let at a very low rate in the beginning of the century, just after a long period of 
troublous times ; however, he also desired renewal fines. Some of the prosperous merchants 
of Belfast were ready to pay larger fines than the tenants had ready cash for, and took some 
of the farms over the tenants' heads. This was done simply as a speculation for the purpose 
of sub-letting them, and aroused great indignation in the country. Greatly exaggerated 
reports were circulated as to the sums Lord Donegall had obtained. Some cattle belonging 
to a Belfast merchant who had taken land at Ballyclare were maimed, and a farmer from 
Templepatrick was arrested as a participator in the outrage, and taken to Belfast barracks 
for security. 

The " Hearts of Steel" in the neighbourhood, having assembled, called on the people 
■to release the prisoner, and a crowd marched to Belfast. Being unable to attain their object, 

N 



178 



Old Belfast. 



they proceeded to the house of another offender, a leading merchant, which they set on fire. 
They returned to the barracks, but the soldiers fired, and three men were killed. The in- 
habitants feared the destruction of the town. Negotiations were opened, and eventually the 
prisoner was released. 

While a sort of listless discontent, which on provocation was ever ready to break out 
into a flame, pervaded the agrarian population, the mercantile portion of the community had 
likewise their grievances : some of the more important may be noticed. 

Previous to the Revolution there had been considerable exportation of wool and- 
woollen manufactures, but in the reign of William IIL a law was passed which altogether 
destroyed the trade. The exportation of woollen goods was prohibited altogether, and only 
wool might be sent to England. Thus a poor country was further impoverished, and a 
stimulus given to smuggling — a form of lawlessness already too much practised. In many 
parts of the island there were facilities for carrying on a contraband trade — a rugged coast, 
bad roads, and a scanty population, who sympathised with the evasion of laws which were 
imposed by the stronger country for their own interest with high-handed power. Li return 
for Irish goods, wine and brandy were brought from the Continent. Gentlemen on whose 
property the landing was effected had their cellars filled at a trifling expense. This minis- 
tered to the habits of lavish hospitality which helped to ruin so many families, while it gained 
for them popularity among their own class, and the devotion of their numerous dependants. 




ATTACK ON THE BARRACKS BY THE HEARTS OF STEEL, I77O. 



But smuggling was looked upon as a very venial offence indeed, and was commonly 
practised. Mary M'Cracken related, as a proof of her father's strict integrity, that he would 
not smuggle, nor allow his sailors to do so on his behalf, as he considered a custom-house 
oath as binding on the conscience as any other. Some captains made ;^200 a-year by 
smuggling, but her mother made as much by her manufacturing business. 

Duties between England and Ireland must have been, to say the least of it, exceedingly 
troublesome, and were, when possible, evaded. A lady visiting England would buy English 
lace for herself and friends, and sew it on all her garments, to be taken off on her return. 

But to return to the subject of manufactures. When the woollen business was 
destroyed in Ireland, by way of making some compensation, the manufacture of linen and 
exporting of it was encouraged. One of the measures taken to promote this object was the 
sending of Huguenot weavers into the country, to introduce a better manner of weaving. 

From time immemorial linen had been manufactured in Ireland, no doubt at first in a 
very rude manner, but improving with the requirements and appliances of civilisation ; how- 
ever, it was only about the end of the seventeenth century that it became an article of 
export. 

The manufacture was principally carried on in the North. Spinners and weavers 
worked in their own houses, and the work when finished was taken to the employers, or to 



Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 



1/9 



market to be sold. During the eighteenth century the trade in linen increased rapidly, and 
in the last quarter of the century the cotton manufacture was introduced, and was for a time a 
considerable business, though it has now left the country. 

Belfast had been rising in importance as a commercial town, and had become the chief 
port in Ulster. Early in the century a brown linen market was held in it, and in 1782 it 
was proposed to establish a white linen market for the North of Ireland. A subscription 
was opened to build a White Linen Hall, the foundation-stone of which was laid the 
following year. 

Various other industries were carried on in the town, and as trade with foreign countries 
increased, and the restrictions upon it became more generally felt, men of business began to 
find themselves numerous and influential enough to protest against them with some hope of 
being attended to. 




SHOP IN CASTLE STREET, 1790. 
(From a billhead in possession of L. M. EVVART, Esq., J.P., M.R.I.A.) 

In 1779 some partial relief was obtained, and there was great rejoicing in Belfast in 
March, 1780, when news arrived that an Act had been passed in the British Parliament 
granting to Ireland " Free trade with America," as it was called. That meant the repeal of 
a law by which trade with the Colonies could only be conducted through England, so that 
goods meant for Ireland had to be landed in England and re-shipped, and vice versa. The 
relaxations granted were, however, but partial, and, moreover, rested on an insecure basis. 
What England was at that time pleased to grant she might withdraw. 

When England's resources had been taxed to the utmost by the American War, with 
France also an enemy, the Irish had been suffered to raise a volunteer army to protect their 
homes from invasion. When that danger was at an end, the Volunteers turned their attention 
to home affairs, and, waxing bolder by their first success, assembled in 1782, formulated the 
wishes of the people, and demanded an independent parliament. The repeal of Poynings' 
Act was obtained, and the Irish Parliament became, at least in name and form, independent 
of England. But much more was needed before the hope could be entertained, of obtaining 
from Parliament the redress of grievances which it was for the supposed interest of the ruling 
powers to uphold. At that time the so-called representation of the people was a mere 
mockery, and " Reform of Parliament " became the cry. Catholic Emancipation also was 
maintained to be a duty, but whether it should be asked for in its completeness at once, or 
whether it ought to be partial and gradual, was a question about which there was much 
difference of opinion and dissension among the Protestant agitators for reform. 

Belfast members of Parliament were chosen by the Sovereign and burgesses, under the 
direction of the Earl of Donegall. In some of the counties the electors were constrained to 



i8o Old Belfast. 

return the nominees of their landlords, and even where they were sufficiently independent to 
send popular candidates to Parliament, these sometimes yielded to the temptation of place or 
pension, and betrayed the trust committed to them. No Catholic had a right to vote. 

The inhabitants of Belfast were most energetic in endeavouring to secure, in County 
Antrim (where alone they had any power), representatives pledged to do their utmost to 
obtain their desires, and to abstain from the acceptance of place or pension. 

Reared amid such influences, Mary MCracken was from her early years intensely 
interested in politics; and various political incidents, in which some of her relatives were con- 
cerned, became indelibly imprinted on her memory, such as the following : — Her grandfather, 
Francis Joy, then residing in Randalstown, a very old man, confined to his couch by a 
disease in his leg, had himself conveyed to Antrim to vote at a Parliamentary election for 
Rowley and O'Neill, the popular candidates. His son Robert, meeting him there, said — 
" What brought you here, sir ?" " The good of my country," was the reply. The side for 
which he voted was triumphant, but the day that the members were chaired he died. 

Another anecdote was : — "After reading — 

•And next the little printer we'll engage: 
Strange that a man so upright and so sage 
Should be perverted by a pageant gown, 
Laughed at by fifteen thousand of the town ; 
This man's a contrast to his sons and sire, 
His brother and his sons, whom all admire' — 

I asked my sister, ten years older than myself, who were the 15,000 who laughed at my 
Uncle Harry ; for my Uncle Harry was my mother's favourite brother, to whom she went for 
advice, and every person esteemed him. 'AH the people of the town,' said my sister."' 

The lines quoted are from a squib entitled — " In Praise of the Corporation of Belfast : 
an Heroic Poem." The principal inhabitants had petitioned Lord Donegall to send Mr. 
Waddell Cunningham to represent Belfast in Parliament, which he refused to do. Mr. 
Cunningham and Mr. Hewitt then contested the seat for Carrickfergus. The former was 
returned by a large majority in February, 1784. In the following month the Sovereign and 
burgesses appointed Mr. Hewitt M.P. for Belfast. 

As Mary M'Cracken advanced to womanhood, the interest in public affairs became 
more absorbing, and notable events followed in quick succession. 

The French Revolution had exerted a powerful influence. It seemed at the time as if 
at once the oppression ot ages had ceased for ever, and a nation had burst its bonds, and 
started on a career of progress and prosperity, in which the poor and weak would have a 
part, and share in the privileges hitherto denied them. 

While as yet the horrors with which we associate that great event had not been 
developed, the enthusiasm was well nigh universal. On the anniversary of the taking of the 
Bastille, that and the other events of the period, by which freedom appeared to have been 
secured, were commemorated in Belfast by processions, assemblies, and dinners, in which 
the Volunteers took a prominent part. 

The war of American independence, and its successful termination, was celebrated with 
due honour, and the victors held up to admiration. 

Ireland, too, had wrongs to be redressed ; and the example set by other nations helped 
to sustain the energy of those who laboured for their removal. 

Some of the Belfast politicians were becoming alarmed at the increasing tendency of 
opinion towards democracy. Lord Charlemont was communicated with, and at his suggestion 
a Whig club was established in the town early in 1790, similar to one which had been 
founded some years previously in Dublin. 

The Volunteers, while they refused to compromise their independence by accepting of 
any assistance from Government, always professed the greatest loyalty, and manifested their 
readiness not only to defend the country from foreign foes, but also to lend their assistance to 
enforce the law at home. 

'" 1786, Nov. 17. — At the request of the sheriff of the Co. Antrim, a party of the Belfast 
Volunteers, with two six-pounders (one of which belonged to the ist Compy' the other to the 
Belfast Blues), marched to Ballymena, to assist in enforcing an execution on a house in that 
neighbourhood. On their arrival, the two pieces were drawn up in front of the house (which 
had been previously prepared for defence), and pointed in order to begin the attack, under 
the orders of the sheriff, when the defenders fled precipitately, and effected an escape ; after 
which, possession was taken by the sheriff." 

" 1792, Ap. 2. — A detachment of Belfast 1st Vol. Compy- with one of the Compy's 
field pieces, marched, at the request of the sheriff of the Co., to the townland of Derrymore 
and barony of Upper Massareene, which was forcibly withheld. After an hour spent in 
fruitless entreaties to prevail on the intruders to surrender the premises, the sheriff ordered 



Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. i8i 

the corps to fire on the house. A hot action immediately commenced, and after a desperate 
resistance, in which the house was much shattered, the occupiers retired to the rear, and 
made their escape in different directions. The detachment returned to Lisburn on the same 
evening, having marched upwards of 32 miles, and arrived in Belfast without the slightest 
injury having happened to any individual." 

The Society of United Irishmen was established in Belfast in Oct., 1791, their osten- 
sible object being to procure "A complete reform in the Legislature, founded on a com- 
munion of rights, and a union of power among Irishmen of every religious persuasion." 

But every organisation in Ireland, whether for reform, revolution, or rebellion, has 

been composed of men having different ends in view, who could travel but a short way 

. together. No doubt the ostensible object was the real one of many of the United Irishmen, 

but it is now well known that some of the organisers aimed from the very first at separation 

from England. 

Theobald Wolfe Tone assisted in founding the first club of United Irishmen, and for that 
purpose he visited Belfast in the autumn of 1791, accompanied by Thos. Russell. He was 
invited by a secret committee, who, without obtruding themselves upon public notice, 
managed the affairs of the advanced political party in Belfast. Tone had espoused the 
Catholic cause, although he was not a Roman Catholic himself, but appears to have had, in 
so acting, objects as yet but partially avowed, and, as one who for a time acted with him 
wrote, "to have been only so far set upon emancipation as it fell in with his ideas of 
reform upon the French principles." 

His advocacy was, however, welcomed by the Catholics; and about halfa-year after 
having organised the United Irishmen's club in Belfast, he was appointed Catholic Agent, 
under the title of Assistant Secretary, at a salary of ;^200 a-year. 

What were Tone's religious opinions, if he had any, did not very clearly appear even to 
his contemporaries. Mary M'Cracken. in reply to Dr. Madden, author of The United Irish- 
men : their Lives and Times, wrote — ' ' Tone was not sceptical. There was a society in Belfast 
of a political kind, all of whose members were sceptics. They would not admit him, because 
he believed in the truths of religion." 

However, he advocated with skill and success the cause of uiilcm, and it was uphill 
work, for distrust of the Catholics was strong among the Dissenters of the North. During 
Tone's sojourn at this time, there were many discussions and arguments on the subject. 
Objections such as the following were advanced by the opponents of union : — 

1st danger — To true religion. Roman Catholics would, if emancipated, establish an 
Inquisition. 

2nd. To property. By reviving Court of Claims, and admitting evidence to substan- 
tiate Catholic titles. 

3rd. Of throwing power into their hands, which would make this a Catholic Govern- 
ment, incapable of enjoying or extending liberty. 

A newspaper, called The Northern Star, was started to advocate the cause of the 
United Irishmen. The first number appeared 1st Feb., 1792. 

The brothers of Mary M'Cracken took their share in the doings of the time. The 
eldest was a Volunteer ; Henry Joy, her favourite brother, two years her senior, and an 
older one, William, were United Irishmen. 

The ladies of the family took a lively, if less active, interest in politics. The Northern 
Star was attentively perused. Miss Mary once exclaimed, on recovering from a fever — "Oh, 
I have missed so many of the Stars." 

Paine's Rights of Alan was read and admired. Tone called it — The Koran of Blefescu 
(Belfast). Mrs. M'Cracken, afterwards hearing of his /^^^ of Reason, said it could not be his, 
but must have been written by some one who attributed it to him to discredit him. 

Paine, however, afterwards fell in the estimation of at least her younger daughter, for 
she spoke of his vulgarity and inordinate self-conceit. 

In 1793 the Volunteers were suppressed. A proclamation was issued, nth March, for- 
bidding armed parties to parade in military array. 

When the Volunteers first demanded Reform, all was unanimity. No dissentient voice 
was heard in Belfast ; but as time went on, differences of opinion arose. Some wished to 
follow the French example ; others were cautious and moderate, and sought only to improve, 
not to overturn. 

Joy, in his preface to Belfast Politics, published in 1794, describes the disunion which 
prevailed in the town, and the dissatisfaction which was felt on account of its being garrisoned 
by a large military force. The few adherents of the court who had previously been con- 
strained to keep silence, now ventured to express their opinion, encouraged by the presence 
of the army. The advanced party took credit to themselves for the change of popular feeling 
and public measures with respect to the Catholics, and declared their determination to act on 
the most enlarged principles, and to make no compromise with bigotry and injustice. 



l82 



Old Belfast. 



The moderate party charged their opponents with having, by imitation of republican 
principles and language, alarmed the more moderate, and caused distrust on the part of the 
Catholics ; while their affectation of secrecy and policy of bluster had given occasion to the 
Government to refuse further concessions, and had afforded a pretext for the employment of 
repressive measures. 

In 1795 the Society of United Irishmen changed its character — it became secret, a test 
was required, and now, without doubt, its purpose was separation. 

Henry Joy M'Cracken continued a member in its new organisation. He was employed 
to induce the Defenders to join with the United Irishmen. He was suited for this work, as 
he had engaging manners, an agreeable address, and unbounded enthusiasm. The Defenders 
were Roman Catholics, the United Irishmen mostly Presbyterians. 

In the early summer of 1795, Tone paid a second visit to Belfast on his way to America, 
being compelled to leave Ireland in consequence of his political conduct. During this visit, 
he and four others met in M<"Art's fort. Cave Hill, where they took "A solemn obligation 
never to desist in their efforts until they had subverted the authority of England over their 
country, and asserted her independence." One of these four was H. J. M'Cracken. 




THE LANDING OF THUROT AT CARRICKFERGUS, 1760. 



His beloved sister sympathised with him in his aims, but probably did not know how 
deeply he was involved in the business. He was for a time manager of a cotton factory in 
the Falls Road, and resided at the works. In a letter to a friend, she lamented his lonely 
and isolated position ; but it is possible he may have had more occupation for his leisure 
hours, and even for some of those which might with advantage have been devoted to 
business, than she or the rest of the family suspected. Indeed, some one wrote to his father 
expressing dissatisfaction with his attention to business. However, it is impossible to know 
how these thmgs may have been. Business in general was in a very depressed condition. 
The cotton manufacture had been introduced, and seemed likely to flourish, but expectations 
were disappointed. The partnership of the Falls Road concern was dissolved in 1795, and 
the manager returned home. 

Some time afterwards there was a riot, in which some of the dragoons were concerned. 
They cut down some shop signs, among them a figure of a French and one of an American 
general. H. J. M'Cracken interfered, and seized one of the soldiers, whom he delivered up 
to his officer. This affair had the appearance of a drunken brawl, but a deeper political 
significance was attached to it than appeared on the surface ; and M'Cracken went to lodge 
in Holywood, where Thomas Russell, who had assisted Tone and Nelson in organising the 
first United Irishmen's Club, frequently bore him company. 

On one occasion, Mary M'Cracken asked her brother if he was not afraid to tiust the 
Catholics (at that time there were very few in Belfast). He said — " Would not you trust 
Betty?" She replied — "I would." Betty was an old charwoman whom their mother had 



Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 183 

once employed to assist in hiding their silver plate, when it was reported that the French 
were in Carrickfergus. She was the only Catholic the family knew at the time. The old 
woman mourned a son who had enlisted as a soldier. "It's not," she said, " the loss of my 
son, but his taking the oath that's so much against him" (viz., the abjuration of Popery). 
M'Cracken's special work among the United Irishmen was to organise the Defenders, who 
were Catholics : he had a command among them. Few of them had education or position 
to lit them to be officers. 

The Government was well informed of the proceedings of the United Irishmen. In 
1796 some of those in Belfast were arrested, among whom were Wm. and H. J. M'Cracken. 
The prisoners were taken to Kilmainham, where they were detained fourteen months. 
During that time, the Misses M'Cracken twice visited Dublin. Some of their relatives had 
gone to reside in that city, among others Counsellor Joy. The muslin business was still going 
on, but does not appear to have been flourishing. Their mother wrote — 

''Nov. 16, 1796. 
"Dear Mary, 

" I was sorry to find, by John's letter to his wife, that you don't like Dublin, though 
I was sure it would be the case ; but I hoped your seeing Harry, and that you might get some 
of our muslins sold, would partly reconcile you to it. . . . Our friends are all very 
attentive to me, and I could do pretty well about your business if I had money to give the 
weavers ; and indeed they behave very well. 



(( 



Dear Mary, 

" Your affec'- Mother, 

"ANN M'CRACKEN." 

H. J. M'Cracken suffered in health from his confinement, and was an invalid for some 
time after his return, but as soon as possible he resumed his labours in the cause. Prepara- 
tions for the Rising were going on, and the order was expected during March and April, 
1798. The coach fiom Dublin to Belfast was to be stopped as a signal, and North and South 
were to rise simultaijeously ; but the courage and resolution for bold action were wanting in 
the commanders of Co. Antrim ("The cowardly directors," as they came to be designated). 
They hesitated. The general resigned. The Co. Down general had been arrested. Diffi- 
culties arose about a leader. Eventually, H. J. M"Cracken was chosen General-in-Chief. 
But the opportunity had been lost — everything had become disorganised — the fearful and 
half-hearted had deserted ; many even of the zealous knew not where to go, nor whom to 
follow. At various places small parties had assembled according to appointment, but finding 
no leader and no instructions, had no other course open to them but to endeavour to make 
their way back to their homes as best they might. 

H. J. M'Cracken, suddenly thrust into the foremost place, was considered to have 
shown much skill, but it was a forlorn hope. He and a few coadjutors exerted themselves to 
the utmost. The battle of Antrim was fought on the 7th June, and the Insurgents completely 
routed. 

H. J. M'Cracken and a small party escaped ; they wandered for some days among the 
mountains near Belfast, their first intention being to join the Wexford men. Mary M'Cracken 
having heard of the disastrous issue of the fight, went in search of her brother, accompanied 
by her sister-in-law, who wished to find out something about her husband, also a fugitive. 
It was soon discovered that William had succeeded in getting back to Belfast. However, his 
wife would not desert her friend, and the two proceeded on their way. After spending a 
night in a house of a friend to the cause, they resumed their search, and were at last successful. 
After giving the information to those in hiding that Col. Nugent knew of their intention to 
join the Southern rebels, some time was spent in consultation, after which the ladies were 
led to a poor cottage, where they passed the second night. They had another interview 
with M'Cracken the following morning, and returned home. Their journey was performed 
on foot. 

Not long afterwards the fugitive was taken prisoner, when on his way to the coast to 
embark in a foreign vessel, arrangements having been made with the captain to take him on 
board. 

The remainder of the sad story will be best told in Mary M'Cracken's own words. 
The following are extracts from letters published in Dr. Madden's The United Irishmen : 
their Lives and Times (first edition :)— 



184 Old Belfast. 

" Soon after the former interview, I received the follovifing letter from my brother : — 

* Monday, i8th June, I'jgS, 
'Dear Mary, 

' The clothes came in very good time, as I had much need of a change, having 
never had that luxury since I left home before. 

'H. J. M'C 



c./^//^ dyi^y^ 




FAC-SIMILE OF AUTOGRAPH OF HENRY JOY m'cRACKEN. 
Inscrihid ill a copy of 'P. TERENTII COMCEDI^. MOGUNT. M.D.XXVIII." ( In possession of the Editor.) 

" Shortly afterwards, I again went to see him at D. Bodle's, beside the Cave Hill, but 
nearer to Belfast. He was a poor labourer. The girls often rose out of their beds early in 
the morning to let the fugitives get rest. I had afterwards an opportunity of materially 
serving that family, and some others who had done similar acts of kindness. 

" It was on Sunday afternoon, the 8th July, my birthday, that we got intelligence that 
Harry was taken prisoner by four Carrickfergus yeomen, one of whom knew him. 
Immediately on getting intelligence of Harry's arrest, my father and I set off for Carrick- 
fergus, and with difficulty obtained permission to visit him, the officer who accompanied 
us politely standing at a distance not to prevent our conversation. Harry desired me not to 
use any solicitations on his account ; and, aftei expressing to me his wishes on many matters^ 
he desired me to tell my brother John to come to him. My mother had sent him a favourite 
book of his, Young's Nigkl Thoughts, and I observed a line from it written on the wall of 
his cell — ' A friend's worth all the hazard we can run.' 

"On the i6th he was brought in prisoner to Belfast, in the evening. My sister and I 
immediately set out to try if we could see him. He was then standing with a strong escort, 
about a dozen I think, of soldiers, who were drawn up in the middle of what is now called 
Castle Place. We could not speak to him there. He was then taken to the Artillery 
Barracks in Ann Street; and we hastened to Col. Durham, who lodged in Castle Place. We 
knocked at the door, and just as it was opened, the Col., who had been out, came up ; and 
when we earnestly requested he would give us an order for admission to see our brother, who 
was to be tried the next day, he replied that ' if our father, mother, sisters, brothers, and 
all the friends we had in the world, were in similar circumstances, he would give no such 
order.' He had by this time entered his hall-door, which he shut against us with great 
violence. We returned home, and then learned that there was a large party of officers dining 
at the Exchange Rooms. We hurried there, and sent a message to Col. Barber, who instantly 
sent a young officer to accompany us to my brother ; and when we apologised to this gentle- 
man for giving him so much trouble, he said he did not consider it any trouble, and would 
be glad to serve us. . . . When we reached the place of confinement, he very kindly 
stood at a distance from the door of the cell. . , . Harry desired that Mrs. Holmes, 
daughter to my uncle, Henry Joy, and Miss Mary Tomb, his granddaughter, might be 
requested to attend his trial the next day, to prove the fact of their having advised him to 
leave Belfast, in order that if no material evidence was brought against him, some advantage 
might be derived from the circumstance of his friends having endeavoured to persuade him 
to leave town previous to the Antrim business. ... I rose at six, and set out in a 
carriage for the place where Miss Tomb was then staying with a lady near Lisburru I 
endeavoured to keep up her spirits as well as I could, fearing, from the state of grief and 
anxiety she was then in, she would be unable to give evidence. She came with me, and 
on arriving in town, the 17th July, I proceeded to the Exchange, where the trial was just 
commenced. The moment I set my eyes on Harry, I was struck with the extraordinary 
serenity and composure of his look. This was no time to think about such things, but yet I 
could not help gazing on him ; it seemed to me that I had never seen him look so well, so 
full of healthful bloom, so free from the slightest trace of care or trouble, as at that moment, 
when he was perfectly aware of his approaching fate. 

"I sat very near the table when the trial was going on. Col. Montgomery was 
President. The first witness called [was Minis]. The other witness [James Beck] 
knew him by a mark on his throat, which mark was not seen till his handkerchief was taken off. 



Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 



185 



" Hope informed me that an artilleryman, of the [name of Muldoon], had been on guard 
the morning of the 17th July, and had told him that the witnesses who had sworn against 
M'Cracken did not know him; that he was walking in the yard when an officer pointed 
him out to them from a window looking into the yard, and told them of the mark on his 
throat. (This practice of pointing out prisoners to Crown witnesses was by no means un- 
common in Ireland at that period.) 

"Immediately preceding the examination of the witnesses, my father, who was just 
recovered from a severe and tedious fit of illness, was called aside by Pollock, who told him 




HENRY JOY m'cRACKEN. 
(From " Ulster in 'i)S," ) ^^^ 



he had such evidence against his son as would certainly hang him, that his life was in his 
hands, and that he would save it if my father would persuade him to ^ive such information 
as Pollock knew it was in his power to do, viz., who the person was who had been appointed to 
command the people at Antrim, in whose place he (M'Cracken) had acted. My father 
replied he knew nothing, and could do nothing in the matter ; he would rather his son died 
than do a dishonourable action. The tyrant, however, not content with the trial of his 
victim, would torture him still further by calling Harry to the conference, and repeated the 
same offer to himself, who, well knowing his father's sentiments, answered " he would do any- 
thing which his father knew it was right for him to do." Pollock repeated the offer, on which 



1 86 Old Belfast. 

my father said — ' Harry, my dear, I know nothing of the business, but you know best what 
you ought to do.' Harry then said — ' Farewell, lather,' and returned to the table to abide 
the issue of the trial. 

" After I left him, I was told that Major Fox went up to him and asked him, for the last 
time, if he would give any information, at which he smiled, and said ' he wondered how 
Major Fox could suppose him such a villain.' 

" The proceedings went on, and after some time Henry complained of thirst, and 
asked me to get him an orange or some wine and water. I hastened home, our house being 
at a short distance from the place, and on my way back I was accosted by the wife of Wm. 
Thompson, an Englishman, a calico print-cutter in my brother's employment, who, refusing 
to give information against my brother, had 200 lashes inflicted on him, on a charge of having 
engraved a seal with the device of a harp and some popular motto. Mrs. T. enquired of me 
about the trial that was going on. She said if his life was in danger she would appear as a 
witness, and swear that she had seen Henry in the street of Belfast on the day of the Antrim 
fight. She followed me to the Exchange, and repeated the proposal to Harry and Mr. T. 
Stewart, who was his attorney, who called Harry aside to hear it. They both told her her 
proposal could not be accepted 

" After the examination of the witnesses, I rose and went forward to the table. I 
stated what appeared to me to be unlike truth in the evidence that had been given by the 
witnesses for the prosecution, expressing a hope that they would not consider such evidence 
sufficient to take away life, the testimony of one witness impeaching the character and credit 
of the approver, on whose statement the charge was mainly dependent for support. 

" Harry had taken notes of the trial, and before its termination he said to me in a 
whisper — 'You must be prepared for my conviction.' All his friends could do was to 
endeavour to get his sentence commuted to banishment. Before the close of the proceedings 
I hastened home with the intelligence, and my mother went instantly to Gen. Nugent's 
house and requested an interview, but he refused to be seen. I returned to the Exchange 
before my mother came back, but found that Harry had been removed. 

" I little expected that any eftbrts to save him would be successful : but I felt I had a 
duty to perform — to prevent misrepresentation, and to put it out of the power of his enemies 
to injure his character while living, or his memory when dead. I followed him to the 
artilleiy barracks, where I saw Major Fox just going in, and asked his permission to see my 
brother. He desired me to wait a little, but I followed him, and when he came to the door 
of my brother's cell I remained behind him at a few paces' distance. The door of the cell 
was opened, and I heard him say — ' You are ordered for immediate execution.' My poor 
brother seemed to be astonished at the announcement^indeed he well might be at the 
shortness of the time allotted to him ; but seeing me falling to the ground, he sprang forward 
and caught me. I did not, however, lose consciousness for a single instant, but felt a strange 
sort of composure and self-possession, and in this frame of mind I continued the whole day. 
I knew it was incumbent on me to avoid disturbing the last moments of my brother's life, 
and I endeavoured to contribute to render them worthy of his whole career. We conversed 
as calmly as we had ever done. I asked him if there was anything particular that he desired 
to have done. He said — ' I wish you to write to Russell, inform him of my death, and tell 

him I have done my duty ' He said he would like to see Mr. Kelburne, who 

was our clergyman. I told him I leared he would be unable to come (he was ill) ; but that 
if he wished to see a clergyman. Dr. Dickson was under the same roof, and would come to 
him. He replied he would rather see Mr. Kelburne. as it would gratify his father and 
mother. Heof course was sent for. . . . In the meantime Dr. Dickson was brought to him. 
. . . . . During the early part of the day Harry and I had conversed with tranquillity 
on the subject of his death. We had been brought up in a firm conviction of an all-wise and 
overruling Providence, and of the duty of entire resignation to the Divine will. I remarked 
that his death was as much a dispensation of Providence as if it had happened in the com- 
mon course of nature ; to which he assented. He told me there had been much perjury on 
his trial, but that the truth would have answered the same purpose. 

" After the clergymen were gone, I asked for a pair of scissors that I might take off 
some of his hair. A young officer who was on guard went out of the room and brought a 
pair of scissors, but hesitated to trust them into my hands, when I asked him indignantly if 
he thought I meant to hurt my brother. He then gave them to me, and I cut off some of 
Harry's hair which curled round his neck, and folded it up in paper and put it into my 
bosom. Fox at that moment entered the room, and desired me to give it to him, ' as too 
much use,' he said, ' had already been made of such things.' I refused, saying I would only 
part with it in death, when my dear brother said — ' Oh ! Mary, give it to him ; of what value 
is it?' I felt that its possession would be a mere gratification to me, and, not wishing to 
discompose him by the contest, I gave it up. 

"The time allowed him was now expired. He had hoped for a few days, that he 
might give his friends an account of all the late events in which he had taken a part. 




•J. 
u 
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III 



2 

O 

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Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 



187 



*' About 5 p.m. he was ordered to the place of execution, the old Market-House, the 
ground of which had been given to the town by his great-grandfather. I took his arm, and 
we walked together to the place of execution, when I was told it was the General's orders I 
should leave him, which I peremptorily refused to do. Harry begged I would go. Claspingmy 
hands around him — I did not weep till then — I said I could bear anything but leaving him. 
Three times he kissed me, and entreated I would go ; and, looking round to recognise some 
friend to put me in charge of, he beckoned to a Mr. Boyd, and said, * He will take charge of 
you.' Mr. B. stepped forward, and, fearing any further refusal would disturb the last 
moments of my dearest brother, I suffered myself to be led away. Mr. B. endeavoured to 
give me comfort in the hope he gave me that we should meet in heaven. A Mr. Armstrong, 
a friend of the family, came forward, took me from Mr. Boyd, and conducted me home. I 
immediately sent a message to Dr. M'Donnell and Mr. M'Cluney, an apothecary, to come 
directly to the house. The latter came, and Dr. D. sent his brother Alexander, a skilful 
surgeon._ The body was given up to our family unmutilated ; so far our entreaties and those 
of our friends prevailed. 

" From the moment I parted with Harry, the idea which had occurred to me in the 
morning, that it might be possible to restore animation, took full possession of my mind, 
and that hope buoyed up my strength, and supported me at the moment of parting with 
him. Every effort that art could devise was made, and at one time hopes of success were 
entertained ; but the favourable symptoms disappeared, and the attempt was at length 
given up. 





5 1] 'Z] ± 



' i 



1"" 1 -i-Vif-"- ,,.,i|,;.],i?S§^i.»>"^ 4,;|lj^ 



\':s. 



«^S^^', «^5,r!tM)-^l psF-r'-|Ki I, 






^Tuttihi-iTL, iL-o^Wsrii- •o"^"-"' 



OLD VIEW OF HIGH STREET. 



' ' I was present when the medical men entered the room v\ here the body was laid, and 
then retired and joined the rest of the family, awaiting the result with indescribable anxiety. 
My heart sank within me when we were told all hope was over, and that a message had been 
brought from the General that the funeral must take place immediately, or that the body 
would be taken from us. Preparations were made for immediate burial. I learned that no 
relative ot Harry's was likely to attend the funeral. I could not bear to think that no member 
of his family should accompany his remains, so I set out to follow them to the grave. 

"A kind-hearted man, an enthusiast in the cause for which poor Harry died, drew 
my arm within his, but my brother John soon followed and took his place. 

" I heard the sound of the first shovelful of earth that was thrown on the coffin, and 
I remember little else of what passed on that sad occasion." 

Miss Mary M'Cracken thus depicts the character of her brother : — 

" Harry partook largely ot all the virtues of both his father and his mother. From 
earliest childhood he was actively and daringly courageous, amounting to fearlessness; 
quick as thought in defending a friend, but so good-natured and ready, when at play, to 
undertake anything that occurred that was difficult or troublesome, that he was a universal 
favourite with his companions. He had, however, a sort of restless activity, which did not 



1 88 Old Belfast. 

presage the deeply-contemplative character which was afterwards developed. He was 
particularly distinguished by the utmost quickness of observation, a proof of which was, that 
when the famous Bristow was here, he detected the secret of almost all his tricks, which he 
successfully imitated afterwards, to the amusement of his friends. He had the utmost 
presence of mind, which, added to his manual dexterity, enabled him to be eminently useful 
on many occasions, particularly when any house in the town took fire, when he was always 
the first, and sometimes alone, in posts of the greatest danger. 

" My brother Harry was joined with a few of the industrious class in Belfast in a 
Sunday-school in the old Market-House, in which writing as well as reading was taught. In 
two years a young woman had learned both to read and write. They did not presume to 
impart religious knowledge, but they taught their scholars how to obtain it for themselves, by 
which every sect might equally profit. 

" It was afterwards found to be practised in England ; and then Mr. Bristow came to 
the place of meeting with a number of ladies, with rods in their hands as badges of authority, 
which put to flight the humble pioneers. 

" The same party who started the Sunday-school also instituted a cheap public library, 
on becoming a member of which they advanced one guinea, afterwards half-a-guinea yearly ; 
and at that time the other libraries charged most exorbitantly for some new publications. I 
remember one translated from the French so much admired that there were two translations 
of it, to which different names were given, and for which lod. a-night was charged, which 
only the rich could afford." 

Mary M Cracken said her brother gave it as his opinion that "if it had not been 
for the free quarters and the flogging, there would have been no rebellion after all ; for," 
said he, " it is not easy to get people to turn out of their comfortable homes, if they have 
any comfort in them." 

The practice in '98 of quartering soldiers on the people where disaffection prevailed, 
gave opportunities, particularly in country districts, for wanton acts of tyranny and other 
excesses. Persons were sometimes flogged or half hung to make them confess their own 
connection with rebellious societies, or to betray others. 

James Hope a weaver, one of the most energetic of the United Irishmen, and who, 
in the interest of the cause, had traversed the greater part of Ireland, working at his trade 
or taking up some other occupation to support himself and family while doing so, was an 
active participator in the closing scenes of the '98 movement in the North. He gave valuable 
infoimation to Dr. Madden for his book. The United Irishmen : their Lives mid Tivies. Dr. 
Madden thus writes — " . . . H. J. M'Cracken was the most discerning and determined 
man of all our Northern leaders, and by his exertions chiefly the union of the Societies of the 

North and South was maintained I had an opportunity of knowing many of 

our leaders ; but none of those I was acquainted with resembled each other in their qualities 
and their principles, in the mildness of their manners, their attachment to their country, 
their forgetfulness of themselves, their remembrances of the merits of others, their steadiness 
of purpose, and their fearlessness, as did H. J. M'Cracken and Robert Emmett." 

The eldest brother, Frank, left for Cork to embark for Barbadoes about the latter end 
of July, 1798. He proceeded thence to America. He was occupied with commercial 
affairs, but his letters show that he was not much delighted with the country, nor greatly 
pleased with the mode of transacting business in the United States. 

The next incident to be recorded of Mary M'Cracken is an effort to relieve the 
necessitous ; but, in the first place, it will be necessary to go back to give some account of a 
person who was intimately associated with H. J. M'Cracken during a part of the time that 
he was most actively engaged in politics. 

It will be remembered that Thomas Russell was one of the founders of the U. I. 
Club in 1 791. He had gone to India as a lad in some military capacity. However, the 
occupation only lasted five years, when he returned home. He resided several years in 
Dublin, where he became acquainted with Wolfe Tone. In 1790 he obtained a commission 
as ensign, and joined his regiment in Belfast. He was very popular, became a member of 
several clubs, and w.is admitted to the intimacy of the leading Liberal politicians. 

Through his agency Tone was invited to Belfast, introduced to the Secret Society, and 
the first club of United Irishmen was formed. Russell accompanied Tone back to Dublin 
to assist in establishing the Society there also. 

"; An American adventurer was resident in Belfast in 1 79 1, who was possessed of social 
talfents and insinuating address. He professed democratic principles, and had managed to 
insinuate himself into the confidence of the advanced politicians. 

Tone, when visiting the town, had been particularly attracted by him. This man was 
arrested in the autumn of '91 for a debt of ;^200, and Russell was induced to go bail for 
him, though advised not to do so. The consequence was that he was left to pay the debt, 
and, not having the means otherwise, was under the necessity of selling his commission. 



Life of Mary Ann M'Crackek. 



189 



He had now no means of support ; but having some interest, by the end of the year 
he was made a magistrate, and obtained the situation of Seneschal to the Manor Court of 
Dungannon. In about nine months he felt himself bound, from conscientious feelings, to 
resign his situation, as he had differed from his fellow-magistrates concerning the mode of 
deciding questions between Catholics and Protestant Dissenters. 

He then returned to Belfast, where he was indebted to the kindness of a friend for 
support, who, after entertaining him for a considerable time, procured him the appointment 
of Librarian to the Belfast Library. The salary was very small, and it is difficult to under- 
stand how he contrived to live on it ; perhaps he made something by literary pursuits. He 
wrote for the Northern Star, and other periodicals of similar politics. He kept up the old 
intimacy with his former associates, among whom was H. J. M'Cracken. He also occa- 
sionally visited Dublin. Tone mentions a Council in Dublin, Jan. 23rd, 1793, at which were 
present Jas. Plunket. Ed. Sweetman, and Thos. Russell, who agreed to a strong address to 
the nation on the subject of Catholic Emancipation. 




VIEW OF BELFAST FROM CROMAC WOOD, C. I780. 

{From an unpublished proof engraving in British Museum.) 

In May, 1795, Russell, on the occasion of Tone's approaching departure for America, 
accompanied the latter to Emmett's villa, where Tone's project with respect to France was 
communicated, and sanctioned by Emmett and Russell. Tone proposed, after taking his 
family to America, to proceed to France. 

Russell returned to Belfast, and was followed by Tone and family on their way to the 
United States, and during their visit numerous meetings of those whom we may now term 
the conspirators took place. 

Russell was arrested in Sept., 1796, as were also some others in Belfast. They were 
taken to Dublin, where Russell remained in confinement till '99, when he was sent with the 
other State prisoners to Fort George, where they remained till 1802. In virtue of a com- 
pact made with the Government, they were, in June of that year, permitted to leave the 
country. 

Russell's father died in 1792, leaving three sons and one daughter. The latter was 
fifteen years older than Russell, and in 1802 she was in very destitute circumstances. Mary 
M'Cracken, ever ready to succour the unfortunate, proposed to ask the former friends of 



igo Old Belfast. 

Russell to subscribe a yearly sum sufficient for her support, never doubting that they would 
respond to the appeal. As there had just been a collection taken up for the prisoners at 
Fort George, she was advised to delay her application, which she did for some months, and 
was then only able to raise what sufficed for immediate relief. Owing to the delay, the 
application was made only a short time before Russell returned to Ireland, and she almost 
got into serious trouble, for a person who got sight of the list of subscribers gave information 
that she was raising money for the purchase of arms. When this became known, she was 
advised to go out of the way for a time, but refused to do so, and was not further troubled. 

The State prisoners, on their release, were sent to the Continent, and Russell, with 
some of the others, made his way to Paris. He resided there with an old lady who had 
settled in that city. Russell's brother, Capt. J. Russell, visited him in Paris, and the 
Captain's son-in-law, Hamilton, was also there in October. About the same time Robert 
Emmett arrived at Paris from Amsterdam, where he had been visiting his brother. He was 
preparing for the rebellion which took place the following year. Russell agreed to take 
part in it. " They determined to listen to proposals which began to be broached at this 
time, in a mysterious manner, by persons of rank and influence hitherto supposed to be covert 
friends of the United Irish system, both at home and abroad." 

Rol)ert Emmett arrived in Dublin in November ; Hamilton soon followed. Shortly 
afterwards he was sent back to Paris to bring Russell over. J. Hope was sent by Emmett to 
a friend for a bill of ;^ioo. The greater part of this was given to Hamilton for his and 
Russell's expenses. 

Russell was appointed to the chief command in the North, with the title of General. 
He paid a brief visit there on his first arrival, and afterwards spent a few weeks in Dublin. 
He again started northward, accompanied by Hope ; Hamilton also co-operated with him. 
Some proclamations were distributed. Russell met secretly with the Co. Antrim General 
and some others of those who had been concerned in the former rebellion, and went among 
the people ; but all efforts were fruitless ; the people would not rise, and nothing could be 
done. Russell concealed himself as he could, going from one place to another in 
Counties Antrim and Down till he should be able to make his way back to Dublin. 
Once, while on his way from one place of concealment to another, which was the house 
of a weaver in the Misses M'Cracken's employment, he ventured into Belfast and met with 
the two ladies at their office, where they awaited him. He also wrote Mary several 

notes, one of them asking for ;i^io, for payment of which she was to draw upon . 

A woman, in whose house he had found refuge, wrote to Miss M'C. in 1843, when she was 
procuring information for Dr. Madden : — 

" . . . . All who knew Russell, knew him to be enthusiastic in the cause in 
which he had embarked, but few knew so well as I did how incredulous he was as to the 
hopelessness of it at that time. At first he would not believe any of the communications he 
got from Belfast ; he said it was impossible ; but when he was assured from the newspapers 
that Emmett was a prisoner, he was convinced. He immediately resolved to go to Dublin, 
as, he said, he was certain if there he would find means to release him. . . . You your- 
self provided the money that took him there. My husband got two men in Bangor to take 

him round in an open boat. He gave them five guineas " 

He thus got to Drogheda, and from there to Dublin, where he was shortly afterwards 
taken prisoner, and sent to Downpatrick for trial. 

Hamilton, after wandering about for some time, and concealing himself with difficulty, 
was at length taken, and detained in prison till 1806, but was never tried. 

Russell was tried in Downpatrick on the 20th October, 1803. His trial lasted from 10 
a.m. till 8 p.m., and he was executed the following day. So confident had he been of the 
success of the cause, that he had a letter in his pocket written in case he should fall in 
battle, in which he said—" No doubt the nation would support his sister." 

In a letter to Mary M'Cracken from Russell, a few days before his trial, he wrote — 
"To the more than friendship I owe you and your sister it is impossible to be sufficiently 

grateful What I was engaged in with the immortal hero who has fallen, is 

considered as perhaps wild ; yet I cou/d shoiv, and it will be shoived, that the failure was 

alone surprising My intention was to have employed no counsel ; but Mr 

Ramsay informs me that the other men, whose trials are to come on afterwards, may be 
benefited by the cross-examination in mine, which is the first. . 

Mary M'Cracken made every possible effort to save Russell. She went among her own 
and his friends to procure money for his defence ; but, in the short time at her disposal, was 
unable to collect the large sum required, and was obliged herself to raise the greater portion, 
in part from her own resources, and in part by borrowing on her own responsibility. 
Concerning this she wrote : — 

"... but the fact is, that what I did on that occasion was neither entitled to 
praise or blame ; it was merely obeying a call to duty of such sacred importance that no 



Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 191 

person similarly situated could have resisted ; for how was it possible to shrink back when 
told that human lives were at stake, which my exertions might be instrumental in saving, 
and that no other person dared make the attempt ? Would it not have been to incur the 
endurance of self-reproach through life ? And though I had never seen or known any of the 
party but Mr. Russell, yet even had he not been of the number, I would have felt it my 
bounden duty to go forward in the business, and, once having undertaken it, there was no 
question of drawing back from pecuniary risk .... to save such a life as Russell's — 
one of such importance to the country — who, in the changes that were still expected, would 
not have used every exertion to stop the effusion of blood and to prevent all possible 
suffering? Who would have hesitated to supply the means when within their reach ? There 
was then no time for deliberation. As if Providence favoured the plan, we had received 
near ;^90 that day from a man whom we had sent to sell muslins through the country, 
business in Dublin being quite at a stand ? Thus situated, we were led on alike from a sense 
of duty and of inclination. I say we, as my sister and I had but one heart, though she 
always kept in the background and left me to act — frequently on her suggestions — although 
considerably my senior in years and much my superior in understanding. I had also a dear 

enthusiastic friend, a sister of , to stimulate me, had it been necessary. Pardon my 

egotism, as it is alike due to truth to disclaim either undue praise or blame. ..." 

Russell has been described as a tall, handsome man, with military bearing, fascinating 
address and manners, and a strong sense of religion. He was a member of the Church of 
England. 

Mary M'Cracken once remarked to her brother, when Russell was present — " If you 
fail, you will lose your lives." He replied — "Whether we fail or succeed, we expect to be 
the first to fall." Russell, interrupting, said — " But of what consequence are our lives, or 
the lives of a few individuals, compared to the liberty and happiness of Ireland." 

Miss Russell was quite destitute. She tried to earn something by teaching young 
children, some pitying friends paying her rent, while Mary M'Cracken sent her contributions 
from time to time. She lived for a time with her niece, Mrs. Hamilton, whose husband had 
taken part in the rebellion; but she too was in difificulties, till, in i82i,Miss M'Cracken, 
with the assistance of a friend, procured her admission into Drumcondra Retreat. In her 
latter years she received assistance from her niece's son, who, in a distant land, was pursuing 
an honourable career, a loyal subject, and a faithful servant of the Government against which 
his uncle and his father had struggled. By remittances sent through Mary M'Cracken he 
ministered to the comforts of his mother and aunt. 

Mary M'Cracken continued to take an interest in many of those who had been 
concerned in the rebellion, and to those who needed it she was ever, ready to afford help. 

A number had emigrated to the United States, either to escape being taken, to follow 
near relatives who had been under the necessity of leaving the country, or because their 
business had become deranged from the troubles of the time. 

One family in Co. Antrim, who had been deeply implicated, and had suffered 
proportionably, had been by that means brought into acquaintanceship with her. On one 
occasion the youngest, a lad of 15, had gone on a night expedition with some young men. 
From youth or heedlessness, he neglected to blacken his face. He was recognised, taken, 
and hanged. His mother was a widow. 

An elder brother escaped to the United States, where he went into business and made 
some money, which, at his death, was left to his relatives in Ireland, Mary M'Cracken being 
appointed executor. It was a troublesome and tedious business, for the money came in by 
degrees, and, as time went on, the legatees became more numerous, and the sums smaller. 
They were of the farming class, and the following extract will show that the land question 
had then, as now, complications, and that the position of a go-between in money matters 
is by no means desirable : — 

''1st Dec, 1829. 

'"■" "Dear Sir, — Reed- £2,A9 'S^- od. from . The remittance is come in very 

good time for some of the legatees, who would otherwise have been much distressed, as from 
a new regulation adopted by some of the landlords here, the poor tenants are obliged to pay 
the half-yearly rent in less than a month after it falls due, which very few of them are 

prepared for. Of course they had become very impatient 

" M. A. M." 

The next shows how Tone's Life was received by some : — 

" . . . . Frank had got Tone's book a few days before I heard from you, and is 
in great delight with it. We only got looking over a little of it, as he lent the ist vol. as 
soon as he had finished it, and is deep in the 2nd. There are various opinions respecting the 
work ; some consider it trifling, and others find fault with the author for being so great an 



192 Old Belfast. 

egotist, and so vain, without considering that it was not intended for the world, but for his 
wife and children, to whom nothing would appear trifling that respected one so dear to 
them ; and what could he have written about that would have interested them half so much 
as what concerned himself ? " 

Mary M'Cracken was such a thorough patriot, and had been so closely connected 
with political affairs at a time when dissatisfaction with the English Government was very 
general, that it is interesting to discover her feelings with respect to such things years after 
llie country had settled down in quietness after the sad times of rebellion : — 

«'28M Oct., 1835. 

" My dear , — I send you with this the Whig of Monday, that you may see 

an account of the Lord Lieutenant's visit to Belfast All present seemed quite 

delighted with all they saw and heard, with very few, if any, exceptions. Some indeed 
complained of the smell of the meat, others of being hungry ; but I was too much gratified 
with the present to feel any annoyance — not merely with the gaiety of the scene, but in 
looking forty years back, and in thinking, too, of those who were gone, and how delighted 
they would have been at the political changes that have taken place — which could not possibly, 
in their day, have been anticipated by peaceable means — and of the improved prospects of 
Iheir country, now that the English in general, and particularly the present Ministry, have 
such just feelings towards Ireland and Irish people. . . . [paper torn] about a year 
later the last to assist in its completion, and even five years after, Russell was still confident 

of its ultimate success It was a pity that Paine's Age of Reason had so soon 

succeeded his Rights of Man, as notwithstanding the latter had much effect on many of 
natural good understandings, but not in the two last-mentioned, and many who had been 
led astray by the infidel publication recovered from their delusion. 

'• And now a better day has dawned. The old prophecy — ' That these countries should 
never be well ruled until a virgin queen should come to the throne ' — seems to be realised, as 
there have been greater improvements in the laws since she came to the throne than for a 
much longer period before ; and she is so truly amiable and feminine that she is universally 
beloved." 

" May, 1832. 

" . . . . Only think of the Reform Bill being lost after all, when every one 
was sure of it being passed ! It is confidently affirmed that Wellington is to be made 
Minister in place of Lord Grey, whose party have all resigned, and that there is to be a 
reform notwithstanding (no doubt a partial one). One can hardly wish (much as reform is to 
be desired) that Wellington should have the credit of it yet. As Harry used to say — ' If 
the good be done, it is no matter who gets the credit of it.' 

" The people here are much more interested in the matter than T expected they would 
be — nothing to what they are in England ; but all, I hope, will in the end turn out for the 
best." 

To those who from this period could look back half-a-century, the peaceful and 
settled state of the country must have compared favourably with its condition as indicated by 
the following note written early in the century : — 

" My dear Mrs. M'Cracken, — The pleasure we experienced last night when seated 
round your social table beguiled us to so late an hour that we narrowly escaped witnessing 
the horrors of a guard-room. We were stopped at the Bridge for some time ; but my father 
pleaded so earnestly to allow the ladies to pass, that a sentinel (a countryman of my 
mother's) permitted us to go, with the remark — ' It would indeed be a shocking thing for 
young women to spend the night in a guard-house.' We joined him with some fervour you 
may suppose, and drove off, leaving my father and George with the soldiers. They followed 

in an hour . 

" Mount Pottinger." 

It seemed best not to interrupt the political record, so that we must now go back a 
little. In the year 1813 Mary M'Cracken suffered from a tedious and painful complaint, 
which had lasted many months, and in the summer of that year she was advised to go to a 
Spa for its relief. She chose Ballynahinch as being the nearest, although informed that 
some other might be more speedily efficacious ; but she wished to be where she could be 
quickly summoned home, should necessity arise, as her mother was then aged and in 
precarious health (her father had died in 1803), and business anxieties caused her concern. 

She returned with her health almost re-established. Her mother died the following 
year, and not long afterwards the sisters quitted business, on which occasion she thus 
writes : — 



Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 193 

" My dear Mrs. , — I hope you do not impute my silence and seeming neglect 

to unkindness or indifference. I have, indeed, been daily thinking of you, and reproaching 
myself for not writing to you these several months past ; but my time has been so entirely 
occupied, and my mind so perplexed in winding up our affairs, that we may quit a business 
in which all who have been engaged these two years past have lost heavily, that I could not 
command a tranquil half-hour in the four-and -twenty, and now that we are getting clear by 
degrees, I trust that the little which we got by my dear mother will enable us to pay all we 
owe, which is a great comfort, even if we should have nothing left. Doubtless, if riches 
would have contributed to our ultimate happiness, they would have been bestowed on us ; 
and while Providence is pleased to bless us with health and a capacity for industry, we should 
be thankful and contented ; but the sphere of a woman's industry is so confined, and so few 
roads lie open to her, and those so thorny, it is difficult to fix on any. . . ." 

In a printed bill setting forth the grievances of the weavers, but undated, the following 
passage occurs : — 

" But to the great credit of the Miss M'Crackens, they kept the set on full six months 
after the rest took it off ; and if they were under the necessity of paying them in notes, they 
always paid the discount with it." 

The elder Miss M'Cracken was a good housekeeper in every sense of the word, and 
their orphan niece was becoming able to assist ; so that household occupations did not afford 
to the younger sister scope for her irrepressible energy. She soon became engaged in what 
was from this time forth her life work — labouring for the poor. 

She thus wrote : — 

'* My dear , — Ever since I received yours of 7th I have daily intended 

writing to you, but was obliged to delay it from day to day owing to want of time. I have 
allowed my out-of-door avocations to increase so much, that I have less command of time 
now than when I was occupied with business. I am not sure whether that is quite right or 
not. I fear that undertaking too many things prevents me from doing anything as it ought 
to be ; but somehow one gets entangled unawares, and cannot draw back, particularly if they 
think that they are usefully employed." 

Of charitable institutions, the one with which she was connected from her earliest 
years, and which she continued to visit as long as strength permitted, was the " Old Poor- 
house," or "Belfast Charitable Society." The building of this house was commenced in 
1 77 1, and of it she wrote when more than 90 years of age : — 

"There were no men in Belfast esteemed more highly than my two uncles, and I 
believe they were very deserving of the high opinion the public entertained of them. They 

were both very charitable ; but their feelings were exercised in different ways 

My uncle Robert was one year younger than my uncle Harry. lie projected our ' Old 
Poorhouse,' the first in Belfast, for a shelter for the poor. Before that time, rich men who 
were charitable would leave large sums to be distributed to the poor by their clergymen, 
lists of which are now to be seen hung round in the hall of our Old Poorhouse at the head of 
Donegall Street. My uncle Robert paid his last visit to it, when unable to walk, in a sedan 
chair. From its erection, as long as health was spared him, it had been his constant study to 
promote the comfort of the inmates in every respect. The husband and wife were not 
separated, but had curtains round their bed ; and he studied to give them variety of food, and 
in various ways to promote an increase to the means of support, one of which was a shower- 
bath, and anyone, by paying one guinea a-year, might use it whenever they pleased. The 
room that is now the girls' school-room was then a ball-room, in which there was a ball once 
a-month, and for some time concerts once a-fortnight, by the band of the ist Volunteer 
Company ; but one of the members having died of consumption, which was attributed to 
his playing on a wind instrument, the music was discontinued, but the dancing for some 
time went on. 

" My father had a garden in the neighbourhood, and as soon as I could walk, my 
mother took me with her to the garden, and we often visited the Poorhouse. 

" Bab was my most beloved cousin, nine months younger than I. She was very 

benevolent, and most usefully so About our Old Poorhouse children, she said 

she never was muffling her own children on a Sunday morning that she did not think of the 
Poorhouse little girls. At that period there was but one public collection in the year for 
our old Poorhouse, and the girls had no additional clothing to what they wore in the house 
in winter. It was scarcely so much, for in the house they had a bedgown which came up to 
the neck ; but in going to the Meeting-house or Church they wore a frock made of linen, 
woven in the house, and dyed a drab colour, the sleeves of which did not cover the elbow, 
and did not come above the shoulder. All the additional clothing they had was a small 
single calico shawl. The way Bab undertook to obtain funds was to go about asking 
only for the small sum of lod., which she thought nobody would refuse ; but many might 
not wish to have their names for a small sum when the one next it might perhaps be 

O 



194 



Old Belfast. 



for large, and those who wished to give liberally might give as much as they pleased in the 
names of all their family or any names they chose. There was only one man in all Belfast 
who refused, and the whole amounted to £(). The thickest and strongest green stuff which 
could be got was purchased and cut out. The frocks had long sleeves down to the wrists, 
and they were made up by various young ladies. It was suggested that as straw bonnets 
were expensive, it would be better to have the girls taught to plat the straw and make the 
bonnets, which would be a means of support for them when they should leave the house. 
We followed this advice, and found that it answered very well." 

The following, written in 1838, tells of her long connection with another Institution, 
and also gives her ideas on a much-disputed question : — 

" My dear Sir, — I delayed replying to the message you left for me with my niece 
until I should have an opportunity of reading your sermon, which I procured on my return 
from Bangor, and have perused twice very carefully ; and I regret to find, that although 
there are many parts of your sermon in which I perfectly agree with you, yet there are 
others which appear in such a very different point of view to you from what they do to me. 






"'t;^ ,...:. 







Iw Ca-i'f^ 



BATTLE OF ANTRIM, 7TH JUNE, I79S. 

that I could not conscientiously undertake to disseminate the work. A variety of circum- 
stances contribute to the formation of our opinions, and when they become matured and 
confirmed for a number of years they are not easily overturned. There are some things, 
however, in which, though we disagree, our opinions lead nearly to the same results. 
Believing, as I do, in the immediate superintendence of an infinitely wise and good 
Providence, I must so far acknowledge that monarchs reign by Divine appointment so long 
as they are permitted to reign ; and though I think that there are many evils under which we 
live, I do not think we are thereby authorised to take up arms against the Government, 
but consider it a duty to wait with patience till the great Ruler of all events shall bring about 
a change through the progress of public opinion. 

" I have been visiting the Lancasterian School for the last twenty-five years, generally 
once a- week, and I find the children taught there for the last two or three years niuch better 
acquainted with the Scriptures than the scholars of any former period. The master is certainly 



Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 195 

a very superior man, whose heart and soul is devoted to the business ; and so well is the school 
conducted, that, although they have enough of Catholic Bibles and Testaments, yet the Catholic 
children, when sent to the press to take books for themselves, generally take the Protestant 
translation of their own accord, and there never is a word of disagreement among them. 
The extracts they read at the schools, should they see no more of the Scriptures there, 
would tend to excite their curiosity to read the whole. Those whose parents and guardians 
permit, have access to the entire volume ; and I remember when pious Protestants would have 
considered it a profanation of the sacred volume to see it made a common school-book of, 
and our religious feelings were quite shocked to hear it all read and half the words spelled. 
It was required to be read in a serious and solemn manner, as if felt and understood." 

In the Famine year, 1847, an association was formed for the relief of the poor, and an 
industrial school for girls established, being " the first Ragged School in Ireland." The 
Frederick Street building (then unused, except for the Sunday School) was granted for the 
purpose. In the twentieth report, dated 17th March, 1867, is written : — 

" We have to record this year the death of a beloved friend and associate in our work, 
Miss M'Cracken, who was connected with the school from its foundation, and whose place 
was never vacant at our weekly meetings as long as she was able to attend. 

" We know not how to speak of the worth that no words can express, and the loss too 
little felt, perhaps because it came so gradually. But though the loss may never be repaired, 
we trust she has left a precious legacy that will never perish from this place of her habitation, 
in the memory of a life so rich in all good works, and a spirit so full of love. 

" When we would think of ' those things that are pure, and lovely, and of good report,' 
let us remember her who was so long among us, her ardent charity, her large and tender 
sympathy, her sweet humility and self-forgetfulness." 

In the forty-seventh report of the Belfast Ladies' Clothing Society, 1867 — " the late 
Miss M'Cracken was a most energetic collector of its funds." 

For the Destitute Sick Society she collected, and sometimes took part in visiting and 
distributing ; but she used to say the ladies would not let her visit, for she would give too 
much, and would tell of cases in which she had been imposed upon. It was a hard trial for 
her to refuse any who seemed in distress. 

She was one of an association to prevent the employment of climbing-boys in chimney- 
sweeping, and was long a member of an anti-slavery society. She abstained from sugar for 
many years, which must have been a great privation, as she was fond of it. But it would 
be tedious to enumerate all the public associations in which she took part, and her private 
charities were innumerable. Besides giving freely to people in necessitous circumstances, she 
collected money for various private cases of distress. There was one family for whom she 
was constrained again and again to solicit aid, yet so disagreeable was the task, that she has 
said she felt it sometimes a reprieve when told that the person for whom she had asked was 
not at home. She was for many years a total abstainer, and recommended the practice 
to others, particularly the young ; but, tolerant in that as in everything else, she would not 
seek to prohibit stimulants to elderly people who had been accustomed to use them, and 
thought they were required. To such people she would even, with old-fashioned hospitality, 
offer them. 

She took an interest in everything which she believed to be for the good of her fellow- 
creatures, and all that might serve to promote the welfare of her native land. 

Mr. Edward Bunting, the collector and publisher of Irish tunes, had come as a lad to 
Belfast, where he long resided. He was a close friend of her younger brother, and very 
intimate ia the family. She warmly encouraged him in his work, both when, at the close 
of last century, he was entrusted with the charge of a publication of Irish music, and at a 
subsequent period when, on his own account, he travelled about the country collecting 
tunes, which he afterwards arranged and published. She regarded this preservation from 
oblivion of an evidence of an ancient civilisation as a patriotic work. 

For many years she was accustomed to spend the mornings in some out-of-door occu- 
pation — collecting for some charity, attending some meeting, visiting the poor, or in paying 
friendly visits. After dinner, she took a nap in her chair by the fire, a position she much 
preferred to lying on a sofa. She would awake refreshed, and her evenings were frequently 
occupied in letter-writing, as she had a large correspondence. 

She was, however, always ready to engage in friendly converse, for she greatly enjoyed 
social intercourse, or even to attend a public meeting until a late period of life. She was 
light and active, enjoyed good health, and was able to take a good deal of exercise. 

She was a regular attendant on the ordinances of religion, had been brought up in con- 
nection with the Third Presbyterian Congregation, and the greater part of her life took part 
in the services and engaged in all the charitable work of the congregation. For a short time 
she attended a nearer church, but impaired hearing and failing strength soon caused that to 
be given up. 



196 



Old Belfast. 



She was a constant reader of the Scriptures, enjoying most the devotional portions and 
the simple gospel narratives. In her latter years, when memory was somewhat failing, she 
seemed always to turn to that portion of John's gospel contained between the 14th and 17th 
chapters. She frequently spoke of them, and of the parable of the "good Samaritan," 
who, though his religion was mingled with error, acted up to the little light he had, as the 
better-instructed Jews failed to do, and was commended for his love and active benevolence. 

She taught for many years in a Sunday School held in Frederick Street Schoolhouse, 
which was conducted on the system of being unconnected with any church, and having 
teachers of different Protestant denominations. She even continued her attendance for some 
time after removing to a considerable distance. 

A Roman Catholic servant who lived in the house for many years she taught to read 
and write, and when sufficiently far advanced she bought her a Douay Bible, and every 
evening one or two chapters were read, each with her own Bible. 

In personal habits she was scrupulously clean, but indifferent about her dress, unwilling 
to spend money on it, and gave it little thought. 




OLD EXCHANGE ROOMS (nOW BELFAST BANK). 

Where the Trial 0/ Henry Joy I\PCracken took place. {From " Tow,i Book of Belfast'.') 



She liked to read the newspaper, and always spent some time in doing so, but for 
other reading she had little leisure. When she did read a novel or hear one read, it was 
to others as great a treat as the book to hear her comments, how she entered into the story 
and discussed the characters with such thorough enjoyment, such child-like feeling of reahty. 
In her later years she used to relate anecdotes of family and local incidents, and reminiscences 
of her youthful days; these, told in her lively and pleasant manner were listened to wi h 
pleasure. Sometimes, but more rarely, and usually when she had only one hearer she wou d 
speak of the graver and sadder events in which she had been concerned but evidently with 
such sorrowful remembrance that a listener had not the heart to urge her to continue the 
theme, intensely interesting though it might be. „„^„etorc 

She was accustomed to say that people ought not to pride themselves on their ancestors, 
and should not be valued for what their forefathers had been or done, but only for what they 
themselves are, and would quote the lines on the moon— 

" I with borrowed lustre shine; 
What you see is none of mine." 



Life of Mary Ann M'Cracken. 197 

Nevertheless, she took most unmistakable pride and pleasure in some of the doings 
of her ancestors. The way in which she used to relate anything which gave evidence of a 
generous and unselfish description was not to be forgotten by those who heard her. 

She had naturally a quick and hasty temper, though evidence of this was rarely seen ; 
but even when at an advanced age, if a helpless person were wronged, or an animal cruelly 
treated, it was startling to see how her eye would flash, and to hear her hot, indignant words. 

She had a talent for figures, which developed early, and it is recorded that she sur- 
prised older people by doing difficult sums before she was able to write down the figures. 
Sufficient money passed through her hands to keep this talent in exercise. She retained her 
fondness for calculations, but seemed to dwell on the details, and did not appear to take a 
mental grasp of a financial affair in its entirety. She would take into consideration a sum of 
money, reckon several things it would do, and then apparently conclude it might be sufficient 
for all. This may, however, have been only when she was past her prime ; but she was so 
much more able for a number of things than many younger women, that people were apt to 
forget she had come to an age when mental vigour usually declines, particularly as she 
herself felt the elasticity of youth. An old and intimate friend rallied her on this subject in 
one of his letters in 1841 — "We had a good laugh at your expense in reading that part of 
your epistle where you say ^ %ve middle-aged women.' This for an old lady of 70 years is 
pretty well (meaning yourself). Indeed, you are so strong and healthy, I don't wonder at 
your claiming the title of middle-aged, though the years on your head are against the 
assumption." 

Her decay was very gradual. She was compelled by degrees to give up her accus- 
tomed occupations, till at last she was confined to the house. Walk for walking's sake she 
would not. As she became unable for other work, she took up the occupation of knitting. 
Her sight was wonderfully good ; her hearing was so much impaired as to prevent her taking 
part in general conversation ; but she was always able to converse with one person com- 
fortably for both. She delighted in seeing a large party round the table, and when a laugh 
went round, she with beaming face and happy smile would join in the mirth, and some- 
times say — " Well, I don't know what you are laughing at, but I like to see you enjoying 
yourselves." 

In the autumn of 1865 she had an attack of bronchitis, from which she recovered, but 
mind and body had become weak. She faded peacefully and gently away, apparently con- 
tented and happy, without weariness or pain, until, after some hours of unconsciousness, she 
breathed her last on the 26th of July, 1866, having completed her 96th year on the 8th of 
the month. 

It was supposed by many that Miss M'Cracken possessed many interesting documents 
connected with the Rebellion. This belief was not shared by those who had heard her 
lament the loss of some relics of that sad time. 

Still, it was disappointing to find, on examining her papers, an almost total absence of 
anything of the sort. This is accounted for by the fact that any she had formerly had she 
had entrusted to people who proposed to write a history of the time, or given to relatives 
who she believed had a better right to them. 

She lent some manuscripts to a man named M'Skimin, who had written a history 
of Carrickfergus, and proposed writing a more pretentious work. Except perhaps in some 
contributions to one of the ephemeral periodicals of the day, the papers were not used, as 
the proposed book never was published, and they were not returned to Miss M'Cracken, 
though she made frequent applications for them, till she lost sight of the man. It is an 
evidence of her liberality and toleration that she knew M'Skimin to be a strong opponent 
of the political party with which she was connected. Indeed, James Hope, a United Irish- 
man who knew him (both were weavers, and mainly self-educated men), described him as 
almost a monomaniac on the subject. 

There were other persons who obtained documents from her, among whom was Mr. 
Teeling, who wrote a narrative, and also articles which were published in pamphlets or 
periodicals. To Dr. Madden she gave what remained ; he also obtained some of those Mr. 
Teeling had, and she procured for him much information from others. 

Towards the close of Miss Mary Ann M'Cracken's life, friends requested of her that 
she would write her remembrances. She endeavoured to comply with their repeated solici- 
tations ; but, while remembering past events, and able to relate them, she had from failing 
memory lost the power of composing a sustained narrative, and never got beyond pre- 
liminaries. Besides, little of what she wrote was of the kind desired, for she was the least 
egotistical of human beings, and could not be made to understand that it was her very own 
individual experiences in which her friends were especially interested. 

Talking lately with a friend, we regretted that the request had not been made sooner ; 
but most probably it would have been equally without avail, as hers was a busy life. As 
long as she was able she was constantly employed, principally in works of charity, and a 
great part of her evenings or other spare time was occupied in letter-writing. 




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TilAF ON THE ORIGINAL LEASE OF THE WHITE LINEN HALL, BELFAST, SURVEYED IN THE YEAR I783. 

Reduced from the copy in the possession ofE. H. Clarke, Esq. 




GENERAL OWEN ROE O NEILL. 



H IHarrative 
of the Mars of I64t 

friar ©'flDellan, ©.S.f., of Brantr^, Co. ^^rone, 

Cbaplain to Sir ipbeltm O'fRciU. 

C^ranslatcD from tbe Original ^rieb /IRS. in possession ot Discount ©'fleiU, 

bg IRobert /iRacaDam, JSelfast. 

TKHitb motes bg 5obn ©'Donovan, XX.S). (3. ©'D.), 
ane> 3. im. Ibanna (5. TOU. lb.). 

anb now first printcb from tbe Qop^ in tbe Grainger Collection, 
JSelfast ffree public Xibrari^. 

"CClitb abDitional IRotes bg 5obn Salmon (5. S.). 

Ube 3risb wovfes collate6 witb ©'Cuvrig'a transcript in 1R.3.H. b? tbe 
1Rev. Bcnis /iDurpbij, S.5., XLS). 



iBMtet) b^ IRobert flD, I^oung, B.H. 



[HU rigbts rcscrve^.] 




BENBURB CASTLE. 



1 


1 



jfriar ©'flDcUaiVe IRarrativc ot the Wlars of 1641, 

BRANTRY FRIARY. 

JHE Friary of Bran try, so often alluded to in the following manuscript, 
O'Mellan the author being one of its members, was situate in a small 
territory of that name in the townland of Gort-tamlaght-na-muck, now 
simply called Gort, lying on the south-east of the Barony of Dungan- 
non, in the County of Tyrone. The larger territory of Munterbirne* 
lies to the south. The name Brantryt is still preserved as that of a new district 
parish formed out of the parishes of Clonfecle, Aghaloo, and Carnteel. Gort itself 
formed part of the Manor of Caslan, granted to Tirlagh O'Neale of that place by 
James 1., 9th December, in the 12th year of his reign. The principal part of this 
estate was afterwards under the Act of Settlement passed to Lord Caulfield. In 
that townland, about four miles south-west of Dungannon and three miles east of 
Carnteel, in the bosom of an almost perfect amphitheatre, surrounded by vast hills to 
the east, south, and west, and within the last 80 years having a dense wood crest- 
ing the north, lies the "Friary Lough," shaped like a rose leaf, where, on a knoll 
or natural breastwork a few perches south of the lake, and lying under and 
sheltered by Gort Hill, stood the old Friary. Banished from their parent house 
in Armagh, the expelled friars, under the protection of the O'Neills of Castletown, 
chose this lovely and secluded spot as their new homestead, and erected a house 
with proper dormitories, chapel, &c., as also a small brewery at a little distance, 
the site of which is still called the Brewery Field. To the west stretch the hills of 
Carrowcashel, where tradition points out a ravine, in which, in periods of great per- 
secution, the Friars celebrated Mass. To the east, in the townland of Drum- 
namonless, is a high hill called Stoney-Batter, running precipitately to the lough, 
covered with boulders of freestone and immense tracts of wild gorse ; while south- 
ward is Gort Hill, terraced to the top, a plateau crowned with an earthen fort, flat 
and bald-like, from which apparently it derived the name, Sliabh-na-maol, the bald 
or ffioi/ed mounta'm. It is far and away the highest hill in the district, and on a 
clear day a circuit of forty miles can be embraced by the naked eye, taking in 
Lough Neagh, and portions of the counties of Down, Armagh, Fermanagh, and the 
mountains of Donegal and Derry. Tradition reports that when the friars were at 
length and suddenly compelled to abandon their new home, they sank their most 
costly and sacred vessels in the lough, and, since that, various but fruitless attempts 
have been made by the neighbouring peasantry to recover these buried treasures. 
On one occasion a peasant lad fished up a silver chalice, and numerous other relics 
of antiquity have been found from time to time. It is said that after the Crom- 
wellian dispersion the surviving friars, with new brethren, returned to the old house 
of their adoption. . 

J. W. H. 

* Now Minterburn. — Editor. 

t Brantry takes its name from bl\eAn, stinking, putrid, and Cip, land, country, region. There is a 
Brantry in County Donegal, and another in County Clare. — J. S. 




I/.- Of , nurs k; ■^*»5= 1 "^t^ge^ 4 



speed's map of IRELAND, 1627. 




HE chiefs formed a plan to seize upon all the October, 1641. 
fortified towns and strong places of the English 
and Scotch throughout Ireland in one night. 
The day fixed was Friday, being the last day 
of the moon. First, as to Dublin, there went 
there from the province of Ulster, Lord Ennis- 
killen (Conor Maguire M'Brian M'Conor, etc.), 
and Hugh Og M'Brian M'Hugh Og M'Hugh 



M'Shane Boy (bunbe), and M'Mahon and Rory 
O'More from Upper Orior (Oii\ce<-\n ik\cca]\ac). There were 
likewise some from Meath, from Leinster, and from Munster, &c. 
But the plot was betrayed by Owen Connolly :^ the gate of Dublin, 
(-de cliAc) was closed, the city bells were rung, and the houses were 
searched. M'Mahon and the Earl of Enniskillen^ were taken : the 
rest made their escape. 

Sir Felim O'Neill was chosen General in the province of Ulster, 
that is, M'Turlough M'Henry Og M'Henry M'Shane M'Quin M'Henry 

1. In the House of Commons, Nov., 1641, it was resolved: — "That Owen Connolly, who 
discovered this Great Treason in Ireland, shall have 500/. presently paid him, and 200/. per annum 
Pension untill Provision be made of Inheritance of a greater Value, and to be recomi"iiended to 
the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland for some Preferment there." (See Nalson's Impartial Collection, 
1683, ii. p. 524.)— J. S. 

2. Maguire was only Baron of Enniskillen. (See Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 156, and Nalson's 
Impartial Collection, ii. p. 888.) M'Mahon was executed, 22nd Nov. , 1644 ; Maguire, 20th Feb. , 
1645. (See Lingard's England, viii. p. 41. ) Before suffering at Tyburn they escaped from the 
Tower of London, and were in hiding for some time in Drury Lane, where they were re-taken. 
(See, for their adventures, the British Officer's /rw/z Warr of 1641, pp. 11,12: and Sanderson's 
Compleat History of the Life and Raigne of King Charles, p. 768.) — J. S. 



202 Old Belfast. 

M'Owen, &c. He took Charlemont (Se]\'Limonc) and the Governor 
of the town, Lord Caulfield, and all who were there from him down- 
wards.^ Dungannon COungeAiiiniin) was taken, and its Captain, 
namely Parsons, and all the inhabitants from him down, by Randal 
M'Donnell (IllAc'OoirinAitl), that is, the son of Ferdoragh (111 ac ah pii\ 
'oo]\cAe) M'Owen, &c., and by Patrick 111o'oa]\|u\ (the gloomy) 
O'Donnelly.* The great garrison of Mountjoy (niiiin^^eo^)^ was 
seized, with all the soldiers, by Captain Turlough 5r^i<^i''''"o<'*> (gi*"T») 
O'Quin, and Lord Caulfield's Castle in Ballydonnelly (bAile i -oonn- 
5oile} was taken by Patrick 111o-oa]\ha (the gloomy) O'Donnelly. 
The manor house of Moneymore*' (lllinnne m6]\), that is, Sir 
John Clotworthy's town, was seized on by the Governor Cormac 
O'Hagan, and Mr. V ()."'iii]'lei]\) town, in Killeter (Coilt 

ioccA|\Ai5), that is, Ballyscullion (bAile in r]v\liinn), was taken by 
Felim ^r^i^^"^'^^^ (the grim or morose) O'Neill M'Felim the dumb 
(bAtb).^ The garrison of Liscallaghan (tio]" ceAttACAn) was taken 
Oct. 23, 1641. • • • Donnell M'Shane of the curses (iiA inAllAcc)'' and by . . . 
and the English soldiers who were in it were captured. The strong 
garrison town of Tandragee (Uon ]\e jAeirh) was taken by Patrick Og 
O'Hanlon, and he was killed himself the same day.i" Newry (An 
citibA]\) was seized by Con Magennis (1TlAc>Aon5ii]"A), that is, the son 
of Lord Iveagh (IbeACAc), and also the great castle.^^ Dundalk 
(-|"]\Acboite -ouiToet^An) was taken by the Lieutenant General Brian 
M'Hugh Boy (ao-6 bume) O'Neill M'Turlough M'Henry Na Garthan 
(nA 5A]\cAn) and by the clan of Hugh (Clannaboy). 

3. Sir Phelim O'Neill was on a visit of hospitality to Lord Caulfield's seat at Charlemont 
when he seized it. (See Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 172.) On all subsequent occasions O'Mellan 

calls Charlemont by its Irish name, -<Ac A"6 An "OA CAnA"6, i.e., "the field of the two weirs." 
— J. S. Some vestiges of the old earthworks are still visible. — Editor. 

4. Carte (Ormonde, i. p. 172) and all the later historians represent Sir Phelim O'Neill as 
seizing Dungannon himself. — ^J. S. 

5. Captain Blaney commanded the garrison at the time. (See Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 172.) 
H1viin]"eO^ represents " Mountjoy " moderately well. O'Clery (Life 0/ Hugh O'Donnell, p^. 
232, 278) makes an attempt at this English name, in a combination of Irish and Roman characters 

— Illonryoy and lllounnoy.— J. s. 

6. See Reid's History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, i. p. 312, note 18. — J. 'W. H. 

7. Bellaghy or Castledawson. — J. W. H. [This blank is filled in as Mr. " Fuisler's town," 
in a quotation from this Journal in the Rev. Geo. Hill's Montgomery MSS. (p.- 152). Query 
"■Whistler " ? D All-e, a town, often implies no more than a seat or residence. — J. S.] 

8. A better rendering of bALo would be the "Stammerer." Elsewhere it is the one 
adopted by the translator. Compare the Latin balbus and balbutiens. — J. S. 

9. By an Inquisition at Augher, 22nd Sept. , i Charles I. , Donald M'Shane Mallatt O'Nealle, 
formerly of Shraghgrom, in P. of Donaghmore, B. of Dungannon, died 9th April, 1616, seized of 
Shraghgrom. Eugene M'Donnell M'Shane Mallatt O'Nealle was his son and heir, and 30 years 
of age.— J. 'W. H. 

10. Tandragee was held at this time by a troop of Lord Grandison's horse under Captain 
St. John. (See Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 172.) The O'Hanlons (O'h-Anluain) possessed East and 
■West Orior, Co. Armagh. (See the Leabhar na g-Ceart, or Book of Rights, p. 148.) They were 
the ancient hereditary royal standard-bearers of Ireland north of the Boyne, an office claimed by 
Col. O'Hanlon, and ceded, when George IV. came to Ireland, in 1821. (See O'Daly's Tribes of 
Ireland, p. 62.) — J. S. 

11. Sir Arthur Tyringham was its governor. (See Carte's Orwowrt'^?, i. p. 172. ) There were 
70 barrels of gunpowder there when the place was seized. (See Nalson's Impartial Collection, ii. 

p. 516. )-J. s. 



Narrative of the Wars of 164.1. 203 

On Sunday was taken Desert Martin (-oi^'ioiac inA^cAin) and the Oct. 24,1641. 
manor house of Magherafelt (IllACAi^Ae ]\a iriogA-o) by the Governor 
,Cormac O'Hagan.'^ 

Armagh (\\]\-oinAcA) was seized by the General Sir Felim. There Oct. 26, 1641. 
were a good many EngHsh in the great Cathedral, and plenty of 
provisions with them. They could have defended themselves, 
but they surrendered. 

Sir Felim made an expedition to Bellaghy (bAile acIia-o). He Nov., 1641. 
sent a messenger to demand the town from Mr. Conway" (ConyAig), 
but he refused to capitulate. The town was then entirely burnt, to- 
gether with the haggarts. The master at length surrendered, on 
condition of being sent safe across the Bann to Massarecne (HIa]' a 
■[Ae^nA). Then were burnt the Court of Bellaghy and the town of Sir 
William Nugent (nuinnj^en), and on the same day the court of 
Magherafelt. 

We shall now make some mention of Colonel Reilly, that is, Nov. 29, 1641. 
Philip M'Hugh M'Shane Roe. The O'Reillys, on crossing the Boyne, 
received information that a party of soldiers were coming from Dublin 
to Drogheda. Philip fell in with them at Julianstown (bAite ^ioIIaii), 
and although his men were but indifferently armed, he attacked them, 
and actually killed 700 of the enemy without losing a man. Having 
obtained a supply of arms and ammunition, the fruit of this day's 
exploit, they placed a guard on the bridge of Drogheda until the 
coming of the ensuing spring. 

Charles Coote, the accursed scourge and merciless persecutor of May, 1641. 
the Gaels, fell in the town of Trim'^ (bAile aca cjtuiin). It is not 
known by whom he was slain, whether friend or foe. Also the bloody ? Feb., 1641. 
tyrant Simon Harcourt, knight and third commander of his regiment 
(cuToeAcc), was wounded at the White Rock (Ca|\|\iiic inbAine), and 

12. Inquisition at Augher, 22nd Sept., i Charles I., Eugen Oge O'Hagan M'Owen Evistan, 
formerly of Money more, parish of Derry (?), B. of Dungannon, died 4th Nov., 1622, seized in his 
lordship of MuUenecor (now ) and Aghnecreagh (now ), Cormac O'Hagan, 
his son and heir, being then 22 years old and married. — J. W. H. 

["MuUenecor" is " Mullinagore," near Dungannon, entered in Ambrose Leet's exhaustive 
Directory to the Market Towns, Villages, b'c, in Ireland (j^. 303), as then (1814) in the possession 
of Thomas Hamilton, Esq. " Aghnecreagh" I fail to trace. — J. S.] 

13. " Mr.Conway" was Henry Conway. The following is the account of this transaction given 
by the late Charles H. O'Neill in his Papers on the O'Neill of Clanaboy from the MSS. depositions 
of the Revd. Chas. Anthoney of Bellaghy, dated 12th June, 1642, in Trinity College, Dublin. Mr. 
Anthony stated "that on the breaking out of the rebellion in 1641, the inhabitants of Bellaghy 
rose in arms for their own defence by the persuasion of Henry Conway, Esq., who lived in the 
Castle. The inhabitants repaired to the Castle, and several of Magherafelt likewise. Henry 
Conway obliged all these to take the oath of allegiance. That Conway was playing a double 
game, for, while he appeared resolved in these preparations, he carried on secretly a correspond- 
ence with Anthony OMullan and the O'Hagans, all of whom were rebels. The object was that 
he, Conway, might be permitted to carry ot^" certain valuables without molestation if he would 
deliver up the Castle. A parley was held, Mr. Thomas Dawson acting for the besieged, and 
O'Hagan and Sir Phelim O'Neil for the rebels, in which it was agreed to deliver up the Castle on 
condition of marching out with liberty and goods, but that, as soon as Conway had got off with 
his trunks, the rest were plundered, and the town and Castle burned. — J. W. H. 

[See the Rev. Geo. Hill's Montgomeiy MSS. p. 155. — J. S.] 

14. Coote was killed, 7th May, 1642, at Trim. (Lodge : Peerage, ii. p. 67.) — J. W. H. 
[Of Coote, Prendergast tells us [Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, p. 58) — "His soldiers 

had orders to spare no infants above a span long." Carte {Ormonde, i. p. 318) says — "The 
manner of his death was variously reported, and it remained uncertain whether the fatal shot came 
from the enemy or frcm one of his own troopers."- — J. S. Coote was made a free Stapler of 
Belfast in 1640. See Town Book of Belfast, p. 248 and note.— Editor.] 



204 Old Belfast. 

died the following day, breathing forth blasphemies against God and 
the Saints.'^ 
June 24, 1641. The Catholics took the fort of Limerick, which was in the 

possession of King Charles. 
March, 1641, A party of Catholics had an engagement with the enemy at 

?Feb., 1641. Killsallaghan (Cill SAii^Ainn), where Captain Rochford was killed, 
. together with several officers and a great many soldiers of his regiment, 
and they were forced against their will to go back to Dublin."' 

The persons who held the situation of Justices, at this time, in 
Dublin, were Sir William Parsons, Master of Chancery, and Sir John 
Borlase, two brutes without feeling or mercy. 

Colonel Reilly collected together all the English from Cavan, 
Ballyhayes, Belturbet, and any other towns throughout that part of 
the country, and sent them all under an escort to Drogheda. 

Colonel Reilly besieged Croaghan^'' (C]\iK\cAn linc UijeAnnAin) 
and Kileigh^** (Cilt acai-6), where there were collected 500 persons. 
They remained thus under blockade for 13 weeks, during which time 
300 persons died. Then Sir James Craig and Sir Francis Hamilton 
and the remaining 200 capitulated, and were all sent off to Drogheda. 

A party of 140 horse came from Trim and succeeded in taking 
great quantities of plunder. Mulmurray MacEmuinn was near 
the place with 33 horsemen, and perceiving the Creaghts flying he 
pursued the plunderers. He came up with the troop of cavalry at 
(^5 tio]^ n A heA-oA]\nAi-6e), and, hearing the noise of the fight, he rushed 
in on them and compelled them to retreat, and the very last man of 
them was killed entering the gate of Maperath (j^ac An inApAoi). 
Captain Carson was taken. 

An army was raised by Sir Charles Vavasour in Ormond, to take 
the town called Cloghleigh" (ctoc luxe). The town was surrendered 
to him, the garrison having a bad supply of provisions. They took 

15. — Sir Simon Harcourt was mortally wounded in March, 1642, at the attack on Carrick- 
mines Castle, Co. Dublin. (See Prendergast's Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, p. 57). — J. S. 

16. In a letter written by " Ed. Loftus," dated Feb. 27, 1641-2, ordered to be printed by 
the English Parliament, 7 March, this event is thus given — "The Rebels were gathered at Kil- 
shalgham, within seven miles of Dublin, above 2,000 men, where they were setled in a verie 
strong wood. My Lord of Ormond carried out part of our Armie and beat them out of that 
great strength (for they would nott come into the champaine), and killed above a hundred of them, 
without any considerable losse of our side, onely Captain James Rochford, a most gallant and 
courageous Gentleman."— J. W. H. There is some discrepancy in several of the dates here. — 
Editor. 

[The Irish, under Hugh Byrne and MacThomas, numbered 3,000 men at " Killsalghen," as 
Carte {Ormonde, i. p. 283) calls it. — J. S.] 

17. Croaghan, near Killeshandra. — J. O'D. [This was the place where the O'Rourke was 
inaugurated Prince of Breffny. See the Four Masters, iv. p. 808. — J. S.] 

"Croaghan." There is a townland of this name, otherwise Coolnashinny (Ordnance Sheet 19), 
Parish of Kildallon, Co. Cavan, containing a Presbyterian Meeting-house ; the river of the same 
name runs through the Parish. Another townland of the name lies in the Parish of Muntercon- 
naught. Barony of Castlerahan, in same county (Ord. Sheets 39-43). — ^J. W. H. 

18. In the precinct of Tullaghconche (now the Barony of Tullaghonoho, Co. Cavan) Sir 
James Craigg, Kt., held the proportions called Drumheda and Kilagh, on which there was built 
a Bawn with a strong and large Castle. (See Pynnar's Survey, in Harris's Hibernica, p. 154.) — 
J. W^. H. 

19. Cloghleigh, P. of Kilworth, Co. Cork. (See Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 
ii. p. 220 ; also Smith's Cork, i. pp. 140, 143 ; Lodge's Peerage, i. 297 ; and Carte's Ormonde, 
i. p. 431. 1 — J. W. H. 

[Cloghleigh was surrendered 3rd June, 1643, according to Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 431. — J. S.] 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 205 

quarter on condition of their lives being spared : but this condition 
was not adhered to, for 80 of them were executed. A number of 
Munster-men came to succour the town and their friends, but to their 
astonishment found the place burnt. They then attacked Sir Charles's 
people with such fury that they did not leave, out of 3,000, more than 
about 300 ; and they took their Colonel prisoner. 

For love of this Charles, the daughter of the Earl of Cork, Sir 
Richard Boyle, gave a bottle of poison to her own husband, that is, 
the great Barry (bA]\]\Ac m6\\). 

The forces of Lord Moore and Richard Grenville, amounting to 1642. 
4,000 men, surrounded the Court and Castle of Gerald Lacy^" (tei^ij^) 
while Gerald himself was absent. Only 30 men formed the garrison 
of the Castle : yet, in the course of five days they killed 700 of the 
enemy. The lady of the town and her family received quarter. The 
garrison collected together all the plate, brass, iron, guns, clothes, 
wheat, and other valuable things into the Court and burnt them. The 
besiegers now pressed round the Bawn, and broke down the iron gate. 
At first one of them came in and demanded a pistol from one of the 
garrison. " Here it is," said he, when immediately the fellow shot him 
with two bullets through the breast. Upon this the rest were seized, 
and bound two and two ; one young man, however, though severely 
wounded in the scuffle, contrived to escape from them, and made his 
way to the Castle of (Co CAi^len 11100^1^-0 Si r[A]\). Thus, 

then, were 29 soldiers put to death. In the County Louth, Lord 
Moore caused to be put to death 1 50 persons, between men, women, 
and children. 

At the instigation of the daughter of George Garlan, 248 persons 
were killed by the garrison of Dundalk (bAile rhic buAin), along with 
the Parish Priest, Turlogh M'Rory ; and yet all these had previously 
received quarter from Lord Moore. 

The Earl of Ormond and a body of Catholics met in battle at 
Morva. The heretics were routed and one cannon was taken. Colonel 
Cullen (CiiiUii]\) and Colonel Preston were made prisoners, and many 
were slain on both sides.-^ The Irish came that night to Ross'^ {]\oy 
mic U]\uiin), and on the morrow the enemy came after them to the 
same place ; Colonel Fox attacked them with five muskets, so sharply 
that they fled and deserted their camp. Behold them in full flight 
from us to Dublin ! 

A detachment under Lord Moore made an incursion on pA]\lAio-6 
of Meath, and in revenge burnt their houses, Kells, and four mills 
situated on the river near it. Upwards of 60 people were killed in the 
French mill (IllinUioiin ha ]:|\AncAi5). Robert Cusack received 
quarter, but was killed immediately after by order of Sir Henry Tich- 
bourne ('Uio]'boi]\n), and also his son without any order. 

20. Qu. Lacy, Qu. Lynch's Knock, Co. of Meath, now Summerhill. — J. W. H. 

21. Carte {Ormonde, i. p. 405) mentions that Capt. Cullen was made a prisoner in this 
engagement, March i8th, 1643, iDut says nothing about Preston's capture. — J. S. 

22. In Co. Wexford. — J. O'D. [New Ross, Co. Wexford, has this name — not Old Ross in 
the same county. See the Four Masters, iv. pp. 731-2. — J. S.] 



2o6 Old Belfast. 

Observe here, that from the first till the sixth year of the war, 
60,000 Englishmen, Scotchmen, and soldiers were carried off by a 
pestilence, as the records (teAbA]! oi]\i]') of Dublin, Drogheda, and 
Cork testify. For they state that it was found necessary to appoint 
new burying-grounds outside the towns on account of the terrific 
deaths of the people. And it is probable that this bitter lot befel 
them through the miracles of God, and the decree of that righteous 
Judge, Christ : for they never observed any engagement or promise of 
quarter, or protections made by them to the Irish, but shamefully 
violated them, contrary to the law of nations. They used to murder 
women and unbaptised children, old men and the sick, both young 
and old. The truth of this account is evident in the instance of the 
town of Timolin, in the County Kildare. It is also exemplified in 
the massacre of their prisoners by the English at Knock (Cnoc a 
tejii'^^ij), where they slaughtered ten or twelve thousand persons, 
although fettered, and after quarter had been granted to them. They 
murdered all these, nor did they attempt to palliate the deed, but 
when questioned in Dublin, merely said that they had fought furiously 
against them, and that they took care to prevent their doing the like 
again. But it was out of their power to say that the Irish ever 
violated a promise of quarter made to them, while they broke engage- 
ments with Henry O'Neill the son of Owen, and with Phelim O'Neill, 
son of Tuathal, in the battle of Scarve Sollus''* (a mAi-6im ha S5Ai]\be 
j-oUiif), and the defeat at Kilkenny above-mentioned."* 

As for the Governor, upon their crossing the Bann there was a 
Captain of his people, namely William Taafe, left behind him. About 
the time that he was approaching Movanagher'^ Oil ^^5 beAnncuin), the 
people of Coleraine (Cul ^lACAin) came to the Route (1Iuca) and 
Killyquin'-'^ (Coill o cumn) in search of plunder, in number 1,100. 
In Killyquin (Coilt o cinnn) there happened to be encamped James 
M'Alister, the scabbed (ITIac <\lA-|xnAinn cAnpAij), James M'Cullagh, 
and two of the sons of Con Ciotach (left-handed) before them ; so they 
sent a message to William Taafe to wait in Glenquilly"^ (jleAnn 
coilleA-6) near the Bann till the Scotch should come near them, and 
when they would see them approach to unfold the banners and beat 
the drums. This was done, and the M'Donnells fell into the 

23. Query S'CAIIlb rolAir, Sgairbh Sholais (Scarriffholis) on the Swilly, Co. 
Donegal? — J.S. 

24. There is no account of any battle at Kilkenny in the whole Ji'urnal.—]. S. 

25. Movanagher Castle ruins are still extant in a townland of that name in the Parish of 
Kilrea, Barony of Coleraine and Co. of Derry. It lies about 12 miles south of Coleraine, and i J^ 
miles north of Kilrea, on the west side of the River Bann, which at this place runs over a shoal, 
having a crooked fall of 12 feet in summer, whence that part of the river is called Movanagher 
Rapids.— J. W. H. 

26. In the Ulster Inqn., 51, 55, 56, Chas. I., there are several grants of lands in Antrim 
from the Earl of Antrim to Henry, Turlogh, and Philomy O'Quin, of Killoquine.— J. W. H. 

[In 1641 Donnell Gorm MacDonnell resided in Killyquin, which seems to have included 
Rasharkin and the four towns of Craigs. See Reeves's Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down, 
Connor, and Dromore, p. 331. — J. S.] 

27. The Rev. James O'Laverty, P.P. (History of the Diocese of Down andConnor, iv. p. 126), 
identifies the locality here called "Glenquilly" as " Glenstall." — ^J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 207 

snare.^® The Scotch endeavoured to retreat, but they were nothing 
the better for that, for 948 of them were killed at Bundooragh (bon 

As for the Governor,^^" Turlogh O'Neill M'Turlogh M'Henry Og, he 
went towards Masareene. Two of his Captains were killed, namely, 
John O'Hagan M'Henry M'Rory Boy (bui-oe) and Captain O'Hara. 
Leaving the town, they burnt all the corn of the country as far as 
Larne (Lacajiha), and they set on fire all the Scotch and English 
towns in their way. 

As for the General, he ordered many of his Captains to follow him 
to Drogheda (■ojioi^eA-o). He ordered a fat ox, a meddar of butter, 
and four shillings of money to be levied off every Ballyboe^^ from 
Glassdrummond^" (5^^"^!' •o]\oiiiuinn) to Tullaghog''^ (UuIac 65), 
Having left Charlemont (\\ca-6 in -oa ca]ia-6) he went to Armagh, and, 
having hanged and beheaded six persons there, he left that place in 
revenge of the death of Lord Caulfield,^"* and went to Newry, to Dundalk 
(fUAc boili), and to Bewley in Louth (beirelm). It was here that the 
General's camp was. He placed four Captains over thf Boyne, namely, 
Niall Og M'Neill M'Turlough M'Quin the lame (bACAc),'' Patrick 
O'Donnelly, i.e., the gloomy (mo-oA^iiiA), Felim O'Neill of the war 
(All co^A-o), and Turlogh O'Ouin the grim (5]uiAin a). A detachment of 
the English came from the City with a cannon on a cart among the 
troops. The Irish immediately made a brisk attack on them, and 
slew 40 of their enemies, with a loss of only six men on their side. 
Captain Niall O'Neill retreated into a walled enclosure which was near 

28. Inq7i. Carrickfergus, 24 Aug., 1635, Alexr. M'Donell, of Killconway, died 14th May, 
1634, James M'Donell, his son and heir, being then ten years of age. — J. W. H. 

29. Bundooragh, parish of Ballymoney, Co. Antrim. — J. W. H. 

[The " Bunderaga" of the British Officer's Ii-ish Warr of 1641 , p. 22. — J. S.] 

30. This was Turlogh O'Neill of Ardgonnel Castle, brother of Sir Phelim.— J. W. H. 

[' ' Tirlagh O'Neil, Brother of the said Sir Phelomy, is his chiefest Councellor, and is a very sad 
Man, well seen in the Laws of England, which he Studied in Lincoln's Inn, and was of good 
repute there." See Nalson's Impartial Collection, ii. p. 888. The British Officer, in his Warr 
0/1641 (p. 20), describes Turlogh as "more a Mercurian than of Mars's traine." — ^J. S.] 

31. A Ballyboe was sufficient land to graze 21 cows, with, in addition, a certain quantity of 
forest, and enough meadow land to provide winter fodder. (See Sullivan's Introduction to O'Curry's 
Manners and Customs of the Ancient Irish, i. p. Ix.xxix. ) Dr. Reeves conjectures that "the 
ancient ballyboe may be estimated as a fifth larger than our present townland ;" and the Ordnance 
Survey gives 228 townlands, each averaging about 406 acres. (See Pritnate Colton's Visitation, 
p. 130.)— J. S. 

32. There are six Glasdrummans, Co. Armagh, one of them near Newry, but the one 
here alluded to is probably Glassdrummond in the parish of Aghaloo, Co. Tyrone, near 
Caledon.— J. W. H. 

33. The inauguration stone of the O'Neills was at Tullagh oge till 1602, when Mountjoy 
"brake down the chair wherein the O'Neals were wont to be created, being of stone planted in 
theopenfield." (Stc Fynes Moryson,'\\. ip. igj.) '&y\.he.FourAIasters'\i\scaX\&A\.e<\C TIA ]MOC, 
" the flag stone of the kings." It is said that pieces of it were to be seen in the glebe-house 
orchard, Desertcreaght, till 1776, when the last fragment was carried away. (See O'Donovan's 
Four Masters, iv. p. 887.) — ^J. S. A plan of the Fort is given in Ulster Journal of ArchcEology, 
vol. v. p. 235. — Editor. 

34. This fact strengthens the evidence brought forward by Prendergast {Cromwellian 
Settlement of Ireland, p. 63) to show that Sir Phelim O'Neill has been unjustly charged with 
murdering Lord Caulfield. Dean Bernard, a contemporary, whose account is not noticed by 
Prendergast, states that, as Lord Caulfield was walking, "a Fellow came behind him, and with 
a Brace of Bullets shot him quite through the Back." (See his Siege of Drogheda, p. 70.) — J. S. 

35. Inq. at Augher, 22 Sept. , i Chas. I., Nealle O'Quyn of Ballenslouge, in the P. of Kildress, 
of which he was seized, died 5 Octr. , 1621. Nealle Oge O'Quyn, his son and heir, was then 32, and 
married. — J. W. H. 



208 



Old Belfast. 



at hand, and closed the gate after them. They brought the cannon 
along with them in order to break it, but the cart on which it was 
broke down, and they were a long time mending it. The day closed 
in on them, and so, having buried the bodies of the dead in the bogs, 
they repaired to the city (-oon cacjaai^), and the Irish came over the 
Boyne and to Bewley (Decelin) to the camp of Sir Felim, the 
General. 

It was reported to the enemy that General O'Neill would be in the 
camp of the M'Mahons and M'Kennas on the 5th of March about noon. 
Accordingly a troop of Cavalry and 100 Infantry came towards the 
camp of the M'Mahons. They were opposed for some time ; however, 
Art Roe (the red-haired) M'Patrick M'Art the bald (iiu\ol) was 
wounded and taken prisoner, and his brother Rory was killed. Many 
of our men were slain. This was beside Tullyallen (uuIac AtAin).^** 

March 1,1642. On the first Sunday in Lent, a sermon was preached by the 
Guardian Paul O'Neill in Armagh, another by Father Henry 
O'Mullen in the Chapel of Carnteel (CAjin cSkxuaiI),^^ another by 
Father Edmund Roe Mac Cathmaol in Clonfecle^* (CcUiAin pActA), 
and one by Father Joannes a Sancto Patricio in the Court-house of 
Dungannon. Part of the loft fell under them ; some persons were 
killed, and others had their bones broken. 

March 6,1642. Colonel Turlogh M'Art Og M'Turlogh Luineach^" (Lumij) marched 
according to orders which he received to Tyrconnell (UiYconintl), and 
displayed seven banners along the Finn (coif pinm). There was a 
body of Scotch, with ten standards, on the opposite side of the Finn. 
The Connollys (CoitaIIaij) were about Magherabeg, and [Sir Ralph 
Gore]^" with a large part inside, and the Scotch came over to assist 
him. The Clann of Art Og and the people of Art O'Neill marched 
after them. 

Mar. 26, 1642. General O'Neill brought three cannons from the Bridge*^ COiioijeA-o) 
to Dundalk (boile nn'c buAin).'*^ Along with him was Alexander 



36. Tullyallen is north of Drogheda. — J. W. H. 

37. Carnteel is a little village about four miles from Caledon. — J. W. H. 

[Carnteel (CAHn C-SlA-QAlt or CA]An r-SlAJAlL) signifies the earn of Sedulius or 
Shell. See O'Donovan's Four Masters, iii. p. 297; v. p. 1366. — J. S.] 

38. Clonfeakle, a parish in Co. Armagh, is written CLllAltl ITlACflA by the Four 
Masters. Jocelyn calls it Cluam-fiacail. In the Taxation of 1306, and the Registries of 
Archbishops Sweteman, Swayne, Mey, Octavian, and Dowdell it appears as Clonfecyna, 
Clonfekyna, Clonfeguna, and Clonfekina. (^ee O'DonowAn's Four Masters, ii. p. 749.) It means 
St. Fiachna's lawn or meadow. — J. S. 

39. Turlogh, son of Sir Arthur O'Neill (who died 28th Oct., 1600), who was the son of 
Turlogh Lynagh O'Neill.— J. W. H. 

[Lynagh (Luineach) implies fosterage by O'Luinigh (O'Looney) of Muintirlooney, in the 
Barony of Strabane. — J. S.] 

40. Sir Ralph Gore. I supply the name from Reid's History (i. p. 344), where it is stated 
that Sir William Cole, of Enniskillen, and Sir Ralph Gore, of Magherabeg, in Donegal, received 
commissions from Charles I. in the latter end of 1641 to raise 500 men each. — J. W. H. 

41. From Drogheda. — J. O'D. 

[Drogheda is sometimes simply called "the Bridge," All '0|101ceA'0, without the 
addition of ACA, " of the ford." See O'Donovan's Four Masters, iii. p. 349. — J. S.J 

42. The strand near Dundalk was anciently called Traigh Bhaile Mhic Buain, i.e., the 
strand of Baile the son of Euan. (See O'Donovan's Four Masters, iii. p. 349-)— J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 209 



Hovenden's party, and Hugh [the yellow] Kelly (biii-oe). Lord 
Moore^^ (inti'bA|\) fell on them, together with Sir Henry Tichburne" 
(U]\o]^bi]m), eleven flags and three troops of horse, upon the Saturday 
before Passion Sunday. They came to Warren's Gate (^ebcA An 
niAi]\mi5)'*^ in the South quarter. They were driven from the town 
twice, and their men were left stretched on the plain. The Heretics 
(heijMGci^), that is, the people of the yellow coats,*" resolved to return 
at daybreak : they brought a field cannon with them and broke down 
the gate. They then rushed in on us, and filled the town. The 
General and his people retreated,"*^ having killed upwards of 300 
men of the English, while he had only a loss of four killed and six 
wounded. This was the day when the General's Musician, Thomas 
Skinner [?] (S^nnei'), was killed in Dundalk (fHA-o h)^^ 

As to the General, a great multitude marched with him to Dundalk 
(cf]\Ac bAite), together with the Lieutenant-General of the Army, who 
was trained up in the army of King Philip, and Colonel Turlogh 
M'Henry M'Turlogh M'Henry M'Fehm Roe ; and they took up their 
quarters behind Dundalk. Here they lost a good horseman of their 
troop, Tobias O'Quin. 

The General sent his letters to Colonel Turlogh O'Neill, to the 
descendants of Art, to the Clan of Shane Og O'Neill, and to Art 
M'Quin M'Shane, directing them all to meet him at the Finn with 
their detachments of the army. 

He sent a message from Tullagh-og (UuIac 65) to Ballymoney 
('Pi]\]v\-o inonAij)*'' that the soldiers should come to meet him at 
Kilcronaghan (Citt c]\uinecAn) to be reviewed : and on the 20th April 
he himself was in Moneymore (llluinm m6\\), in the house of the 
Governor, Cormac O'Hagan. The second night he was in a house 

43. Bernard says Lord Moore and Tichbourne left Drogheda on the 21st of March with 
1,000 foot and 200 horse, burned Slane a second time, took " Atherdee" on the 23rd, and that 
they had only 750 foot and 200 horse when they attacked Dundalk, and that there were 3,000 of 
the Irish.— J. W. H. 

[See Dean Bernard's Whole Proceedings of the Siege of Drogheda, 1736, pp. 86, 87, 93. 
Bernard was ordered to be printed in 1642. — J. S.] 

44. Tichbourne entered Drogheda as governor, 4th Nov., 1641. Lord Moore arrived there 
with his troop of horse, 26th Oct. (See Bernard's Siege of Drogheda, pp. xvi. 10.) — J. S. 

45. It must be the name of a gate at Dundalk. — J. O'D. 
[Unknown now. — J. S.] 

46. This alludes to the soldiers' buff coats. Captain Grose [^Military Antiquities, ii. p. 323) 
says— "The buff coat or jerkin, which was originally worn under the cuirass, now became 
frequently a substitute for it." — J. S. 

47. Bernard says he retreated that night to Ballymaskomlin, "a faire castle of Lord Moore's, 
of which he burned a part." — J. W. H. 

[See Bernard's Siege of Drogheda, p. 92. Ballymaskomlin is Ballynascanlan, not far from 
Dundalk.— J. S.] 

48. r^]AAi5 bAite.— J. O'D. 

[S]\A"0 bAlLe, street town, is the modern name of Dundalk.^. S.] 

49. Vow Ferry, on the River Bann, about 11^ miles south of Coleraine, in the Parish of 
Aghadowey, Co. Derry. The Bann here forms a deep pool between Carnroe shoal to the north 
and Movanagher rapids to the south. In the townland of Vow, Parish of Finvoy, Barony of 
Kilconway, Co. Antrim, on the east side of the Bann (whence this ferry derives its name), is 
a circular graveyard. (See Reeves's Eccl. Ant. Down, Connor, and Dromore, p. 384.) — J. W. H. 

P 



2IO Old Belfast. 

belonging to Crosby (cno]'bi), a good Catholic in Culmofe'^'' (CaII nion), 
and was well entertained. The General proceeded to Coleraine (Cul 
^lACAiny in the Parish of Kilcronaghan. 
April, 1642. To this Assembly there came from Tullagh-og (UuIac 6-^), Felim 

O'Hagan, the grim (inox)A]\]\A), a captain ; Shane O'Hagan M'Cormac, a 
captain ; Niall O'Ouin, a captain ; Hugh O'Hagan M'Teague, a ciptain ; 
Patrick O'Mellan M'Rory the freckled (bAlUvc), a captain ; Rory 
Murray O'Devlin, a captain ; Felix O'Neill, the grim (5]\ik\iiu\), a captain ; 
Cormac O'Neill from Oghtleydan (lice LeACvvm), a captain ; Donald 
O'Neill M'Culadh M'Shane (nu\c cu uUm-6), a captain ; Art Og 
O'Hagan M'Donnell M'Hugh, a captain ; Brian O'Neill M'Carry (mAc 
An pn ■oo]\ca), a captain ; Art M'Hugh M'Shane a captain ; 

and William Taafe, a captain. A thousand men of them were 
appointed to guard all the country between that and Derry COoijye), 
and Newtown-Limavady (leim An niA-o]\A-6), Artikelly (\\]\-o An coillm), 
and Coleraine (Cul ]\ACAin), and to protect it from the incursions of 
the boats of Lough Neagh (toe eACAc) out of Claneboy (ClAnn ao-oa 
buTOi). The General went himself with a troop to Strabane (r]^|K\c 
bAn), where the Lady of the son of the Earl of Abercorn (<\p)\Aco|\n) 
was, and she a widow.^^ They attacked the Scotch, and M'Rory the 
Anglicized (^aIca) was killed that day. The General brought the lady 
from her town to Charlemont (Aca-6 An -oa ca]\a-6), and left a garrison 
in Strabane, namely, the Divins (muinci]\ -oinbin), and Shane M'Namee 
over them. Three days after, the Scotch of Lifford (Leic]:i]\) came 
over to Strabane. The garrison fled, and were all slain, except such 

as escaped by running. The Scotch came into the Court 

they found gunpowder, lead, pikes, and swords, meat and drink there 
for them. 

As to the General : he sent a Franciscan Friar, Patrick O'Hamill, 
to convoy the lady to Munster, where Sir George Hamilton then 
was, and sent a company of horse with her. She had refused to 
marry the General, saying that she had taken a vow of celibacy 
for five years ; for his own wife died in the preceding harvest, 
namely, the daughter of Lord Iveagh. Edward Monroe^^ (bon|\oo) 

50. See Sampson's Statistical Su>"jey of County Londo7iderry, p. 28. Culmore in 
Kilcronaghan. — J. W. H. 

51. From the parish of Kilcronaghan. — J. O'D. 

[Coleraine is in the parish of Coleraine and partly in that of Killowen. — J. S.] 

52. Lodge [Peerage, v. p. 114) says he brought her to his Castle in Tyrone. We prefer the 
statement in the te.xt. Reid states this to have been in December, 1641. Strabane Castle was 
placed in charge of Captain Hugh Murragh O'Divin, with 100 choice musketeers and loo pikes. 
The Lagan forces took it and put all the men to the sword, placing O'Divin a prisoner in Derry 
Gaol. They left in the Castle a garrison commanded by Captain Wisher, under the command of 
Sir Wm. Hamilton. Colonel Audley Mervyns Exact Relation, &c. , presented to the House of 
Commons in England, 4th |une, 1642, cited by Reid (History of the Presbyterian Church in 
Ireland, i. p. 361).— J. W. H. 

53. Recte, Robert Monroe. M'Skimin [Carrickfcrgus, p. 48) states that Monroe landed 
at Carrickfergus, 15th April, 1642, with 2,500 men. Carte [Ormonde, i. p. 309) gives the same 
number. — J. S. 

Sir James Turner's Memoirs give a vivid account of the Scotch forces. He says that 
Monroe's severity had not the success he anticipated, for. " instead of terrifying the rebells from 
their wonted cruelties, it enraged them, and occasioned the murthering of some hundreths of 
prisoners whom they had in their power." — Editor. 



Narrative of the Wars of 164 i. 211 

arrived with 4,000 men from Scotland. They landed in Trian May i, 1642. 
CongaP^ (U]MAn Con^Ail). 

They burnt and pillaged the Irish until they came to Newry 
(a nuibAi\ cmn r]w\^.\). Hugh M'Donnell Og M'Eamuin Magenis 
was captain of Newry and its Castle, and he surrendered the 
Castle to Monroe, in which there was abundance of provisions, arms, 
and clothing/^ Five hundred men were left in Newry,^'' and 3,500 
were sent through Trian Congail (U]\u\n CongAil) to sack that 
country. A monk of the order of St. Bernard, and Rory O'Sheal, a May i, 1642. 
priest, were hanged, and thrown over the bridge of Newry into the sea 
at high water. Edward Monroe'' sent a message to the Earl of 
Antrim (^\nr]\om),^'* Randal Og, and the Earl invited him to Dunluce 
COun lib]^i). The consequence of the invitation was that the Earl 
was taken, and the town : a garrison was left in the town, and the 
Earl kept a prisoner. 

The General sent Paul O'Neill to Galway (^AiLlnii) to buy Gun- May 2, 1642. 
powder. He staid away 40 days, and brought a quantity with him of 
that article.^** 

Armagh was burnt; the Cathedral with its steeple''" (clogA]^) and May 6, 1642. 

54. Trian Congal extended from Glynn, near Larne, to Movilla, near Newtownards. 
Reeves, £cci. Ant., p. 344 and note. — J. W. H. 

[" Clannaboy (the whole, or the greater part) was more anciently called Trian Congaill." 
(See Joyce's Atlas and Geography of Ireland, p. 18 ) A note in Connellan's Four Masters, p. 258, 

is inaccurate in so far as it does not state that Trian Congail extended into Co. Down. It says : 

" Trian Congaill appears to have been a large territory in the southern part of the county of 
Antrim, of which the O'Neills of Claneboy were lords, as stated in the course of these Annals." — 
J. S.] There is a valuable unpublished map of this district, circa 1580, in Carew MSS., Lam- 
beth Palace.— Editor. 

55. Carte [Ormonde, i. p. 309) states that the Castle of Newry was surrendered on the 3rd 
May, and that it contained " only half a barrel of powder and sixty muskets, not above a dozen 
ot them fi.xed : so utterly unable were the Rebels to provide for the defence of that important 
place." — J. S. 

56. According to Carte {Ormonde, i. p. 309), 300 men, under Lieutenant-Colonel Sinclair. 
-J. S. 

Sir James Turner was there, and describes a storm that arose in the beginning of May. He 
says it was attributed "to the devilish skill of some Irish witches." — Editor. 

57. Recte, Robert Monroe. The Earl of Antrim was confined six months in Carrickfergus, 
and then made his escape. He was taken again by Monroe in May, 1643, an<^ incircerated 
in the same place. He was assisted to escape from this second confinement by Col. Gordon, of 
Monroe's army. (See Hill's Montgomery MSS., p.. 426; Macdonnells of Antrim, pp. 261-5; 
and M'Skimin's //zVory tzwrf Antiquities of Car rick fejgus, pp. 49, 51.) The Rev. Geo. Hill [ubi 
supra) places the Eari's first captivity in June, 1642. — J. S. [See note concerning Monroe, 
Town Book of Belfast, p. 312.] — Editor. 

58. -(Xen-oiAuiin.— J. O'D. 

59. According to Carte's Ormonde (i. p. 307), Sir Phelim had only a firkin and a-half of 
powder remaining in April, 1642. Father Paul O'Neill was a most active partisan. In the 
fudgment against Sir Phelim O'Neill he is referred to as " yt postilian ffryer or popish Prest who 
went 13 times for you to Brussells in halfe a yeare." (See Appendix, Meehan's Confederation of 
Kilkenny, p. 318.) — J. S. 

In the Pinkerton MSS. is an interesting note on the difficulty of getting gunpowder, ex- 
perienced by the Irish in all their wars, as they were quite unable to make it. Pinkerton attached 
great importance to this fact, and says it contributed much to their defeats. — Editor. 

60. Steeple, i.e., Round Tower. — J. O'D. 

[Steeple was the name commonly applied by the settlers to a Round Tower. It is still that 
which is popularly used in reference to the Round Tower of Antrim. How soon after O'Mellan's 
time the Round Tower of Armagh completely disappeared is not known. Its conical cap, 

DenX)CobAH "OO cloiCreAch ■<\iAT)A 111ac1i<X, was blown off in a great storm in 1121. 
See O'Donovan's Four Masters, ii. p. 1012. — J. S.] 



212 Old Belfast. 

with its bells, organs, and glass windows, and the whole city, with the 
fine library, with all the learned books of the English on Divinity, 
Logic, and Philosophy. The weather was very warm, and there was 
an East wind, so that the flames reached the Cathedral. Lough-gall 
(bAile Loc ^aI), Tandragee (con ]\e ^aoic), Hy-Nialand (1b niAttAn), 
Lurgan^^ (lb b]\e]v\il), Toaghie (Uuac eAchAc), Maydown''' (m^'^j ^^11 
•oinn), and Portmore (po]\c in6]\). 

The General gave orders that the troops should be assembled at 
Tandragee to meet the Scotch, namely, Colonel Monroe (bon]Aoo). 
About 2,000 men came. 

May 21, 1642. A troop came from Dundalk (c]']\ac boite) to the Fews ("PeA-oA), 
and to Sliabh Fuaid."^ They took some plunder, but were deprived 
of it by Turlogh M'Art M'Turlogh M'Henry, and their Captain and 
14 horsemen of the troops were killed. Next day a troop arrived out 
of Dundalk, and a large number of foot soldiers, with a set of horses 
. laden with arms, to place a garrison in the Castle of Glass-Drummond 
(5t<^f -ojionniine). Shane O'Neill happened to be in that Castle, and 
having set fire to the upper part of it, he and his party left the Castle 
in flames, and went off among the bogs. The soldiers, seeing the 
Castle on fire, returned to Dundalk (T)i.m -oeAljAn). 

Donnell Gimley''^ (^ennleAc), that is, the son of O'Cahan, arrived 
from Spain at Charlemont (<.\cAt) An -oa ca]\a-6),''^ where the General 
was. 

May 27, 1642. The Scotch of Massareene ("fll^v]' AjugiiA) came over Lough Neagh. 
Captain O'Hagan met them ; four of them were killed and six 
wounded. They returned immediately over the lake. 

May 29, 1642. A great multitude of Scotch arrived from Scotland at Trian Con- 
gal (UjiiAn congAitl), so that the Irish (1le]\ionnAij) fled over to the 
Countess of Antrim (cunuAoi]' <\nc]\oin). Sir James M'Allister the 
scabbed (ca]\]\ac), James M'Cullagh, James M'Goffrey M'Henry, the 

May 31, 1642. clan of Colla Ciocac (left-handed) across the Bann (bAnnA), and Lady 
Iveagh, Sarah O'Neill, the clan of Turlogh Iveagh M'Artan.*^" 

61. Lurgan? — J. O'D. Clanbrassil. 

[Clanbrassil was a territory south of Lough Neagh, where the Bann enters the Lough : co- 
extensive with the present Barony of O'Neilland East. The O'Garveys were its ancient chiefs ; in 
more modern times, the MacCanns. See the Leabhar na g-Cearl, or Book of Rights, p. 148. — ^J . S. 

62. Maydown, opposite Benburb. It is on the Co. Armagh side of the Blackwater. — J.W. H. 

63. Sliabh Fuaid takes its name from Fuad, son of Breogan, who came over with the sons 
of Milesius. (See O'Donovan's Four Masters, vi. p. 1923.) The territory known as the Fevvs, 
Co. Armagh, has its name from 1?10"6 or "PeAT), a wood. " Fewes bordereth upon the 
Enghsh Pale within three miles of Dundalk : it is a very stronge Countrey of wood and bogg, 
peopled with certeyne of the Neyles, accustomed to lyve much upon spoile of the Pale " (See 
Bagenal's Description and Present State of Ulster, ijS6, in the Ulster Journal of ArchcEology, 
ii. p. 150 ; also The Description of Ireland in 1^98, p. 21, edited by Rev. E. Hogan, S. J.) — J. S. 

64. Gimley.— J. O'D. 
[5^nn^GAC means a captive.— J. S.] 

65. — Atha an da cara, " The ford of the two friends," was the old name of the passage over 
the Blackwater where Charlemont now stands. — J. W. H. 

[" Achadh-an-da-Charadh " (which is the correct form) means "the field of the two weirs." 
Compare " Clar-atha-da-Charadh," "the plain of the ford of the two weirs," in O'Donovan's 
Fo7ir A/asters, iii. p. 413, and " Cluain da Charadh" (Cloondacarra, Co. Roscommon), "the 
meadow of the two weirs." See Joyce's /risk Names of Places, i. p. 255. — J. S.] 

66. This passage is evidently wrong translated. Trian Congail was another name for the 
Claneboys. Lady Iveagh was daughter of Hugh, Earl of Tyrone. — J. W. H. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 213 

The General marched against the Scotch of Tir-connell. They June 9, 1642. 
did not remain long inactive in Tir enna*'' (Ui]\ eniu\) when they came 
near them. They erected a sconce*^ that very night, in which were 
2,000 muskets. Quiet and silent were the Scotch during the night, 
but noisy and talkative the Irish. At break of day they attacked 
each other. They rushed forward to the contest ; men were scattered 
and slain. The Scotch retreated to the sconce, and took away the 
ammunition. The rear of the Irish, that is, the pikemen, were 
taken."^ The General and O'Cahan were in the fight bravely in the 
face of the enemy. The Scotch gave way in like manner. The 
General cried out to his own men saying that the Scotch were 
retreating, but all in vain, for they would not come back to the charge. 
Shane O'Donnelly the yellow (bin-oe), a Captain, Felim O'Hagan the 
gloomy (ino-oA|\]\A), a Captain, and Felim O'Neill the grim (5niK\nu\), 
a Captain, were all killed, and Allister, son of Colla ciouac (left- 
handed), was wounded. Many were slain there. Upwards of 140 
blind and lame persons were killed. An old preacher, a Franciscan 
Friar, Ludovicus M'Namee, from Armagh, was slain, together with 
Priest Maurice M'Cordan. Nial O'Neill, a lame club-footed man, gave 
a blow of his big staff to one of the troopers who was about to kill 
him, which knocked him down. He then despatched him, and took 
away his arms and horse along with him."" 

Lord Conway (Coni'Aij), Lord Blaney, young Lord Caulfield, and July 14, 1642. 
Lord Hamilton came and pitched their camp near Armagh with a 
great army. They gathered plunder, and they sent a large detachment 
of cavalry to carry off the horses of the O'Byrnes"' (a cnj lAt)]\Ai]' 
nec]\uAl). They burnt Dromorragh ('0]\tiiiii oi\hai5), the seat of Sir 
Felim O'Neill,"- and all his plate. Kinard (Cionn ai]\-o)" was burnt 
precisely on Sunday (-oiA-oomnAi^ -oo ininn]\A-6). 

These great forces came to Dunavally"^(T)iin bAllA) and remained July 21, 1642. 
there. As to the General, he left Chailemont (Aca-o ah -oa ca]\a-6), 
along with Con Og M'Ouin M'Neill M'Brien Fagartach (Va^ajtcaij) of 
Kinalarty, the Colonel, and O'Cahan, leaving Niall O'Neill with a 

67. Tir Enna, or Tir Enda, was "a territory comprising thirty quarters of land in the 
present County of Donegall, lying south of Inishowen, between tlie arms of Lough Foyle and 
Lough Swilly, that is, between Lifford and Letterkenny." (See O'Donow^n's Four Masters, iii. 
p. 19.) It received its name from Enda, the youngest son of Niall of the Nine Hostages.— J. S. 

68. A "sconce" is a blockhouse or small fort. (See Halliwell's Dictionary of Archaic and 
Provincial Words, ii. p. 712.) — J. S. For drawing of one near Belfast, see Tow?i Book of Belfast, 
p. 307. — Editor. 

69. Were taken, or, received the attack. — J. O'D. 

70. In this engagement the Scotch were commanded by Sir Robert Stewart. It was fought, 
according to the British Officer (Irish Warr of 1641, p. 23), "at a place called Glommaquin, in 
the County of Dungall," i.e., Gienmaquinor Glenmacwin, near Raphoe.— -J. S. 

71. O'Byrnes. Stilorgan, i.«., CI5 LoiA^Ain.— J. O'D. 

72. Dromorragh, near Caledon, the residence of Sir P. O'Neill. — J. W. H. 

73. Kinard, i.e., Caledon. In the settlement under James I., Turlogh O'Neill had a grant 
of Kinard, with 4,000 acres. (See Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, i. p. 243 ; 
also Pynnars Survey of Ulster in Harris's Hibernica, p. 211.) Lord Montgomery burned Kinard 
on 20th June, according to Carte's Ormonde (i. p. 310), "and the next day forced the town of 
Charlemont." — J. S. 

74. Dunavally, in which is the old fort of Legar-hill, overlooking Charlemont. — J. W. H. 



214 ^LD Belfast. 

garrison in Charlemont (-dcA-o ah x)a ca]\a-6), and they came themselves 
to Brantry (b)\enr:]\ni), to the house of a Friar of Armagh. There was 
a guard upon the ford of Portmore (^\rh a jdi.ii]\c nioi]\), but in spite 
of this, the EngHsh came across and killed two horsemen of Turlogh 
5]AUAiiu\ O'Quin's, namely Eneas and Patrick Og O'Quin, sons of 
Patrick M'Felim the red (i\i.iai-6.) 

July 24, 1642. Captain Richard Codan [? Cowan] (Co-oAn) was placed in the 
garrison of Dungannon (-oun ^eAninm), and the Court of Bally- 
donnelly"°(boile •oon-oAoile), and the outskirts of the town were burnt 
by Randal M'Donnell, according to the General's orders. 

Lord Conway (Con^'Aij) and those other Lords sent to the Captain 
of Charlemont (\\ca-6 ah -oa ca]\a-6) desiring him to surrender the town 
to them, and promising him the title of Earl of Tyrone. " I will not 

July 27, 1642. surrender," was his reply. They then attacked the place four days 
successively. The Lords and their forces then encompassed 
Dungannon. The garrison, namely, Nicholas O'Macan, Patrick 
M'Manus, Lawrence O'Quillan,"'' and the rest, delivered up the 
town, and all the prisoners who were in it. They took Captain 
Cowan to Lord Conway (Con^^Ai^), and he was hanged, together 
with his son, and a Dominican Friar. A Garrison consisting 
of a troop and some infantry was left in Dungannon." The 
Lords with their army then returned to Charlemont (a^\ca-6 ah -oa 
cAjiA-o), and were for three days round it skirmishing with the Garrison. 
They thought they would take it as easily as Dungannon.''^ They 
raised the siege, and carried off with them some spoil from Hugh Boy 
(bui-oe) M'Kelvey ; they murdered old men, women, and children, and 
took prisoner the upright Priest, and the excellent preacher and singer, 
James O'Fallagan, and Hugh O'Quin. Their lives were taken im- 
mediately on returning ; their lives would have been spared if they 
would change their religion. Letters came from Owen O'Neill M'Art, 
son of Ferdoragh (niAc ah pji-oouca), to the General of the Province of 
Ulster, stating that he should come to meet him at the Castle of 
Doe™ (cAi]^leAn ha x)ctiAt). Three thousand men accordingly went 
there on the i8th of July. 

They took the garrisons of Dungannon and Mountjoy, and we lost 

71;. Ballydonnelly, now Castlecaulfield. (See Pynnar's ^//rz/^c in Harris's Hibej-nica, p. 209.) 
— J. W. H. There are some drawings of the Jacobean castle in the Macadam MSS. — Editor. 

[On an old map of Ulster, in the State Paper Office, this place is shown as " Fort and Lough 
O'Donnellie." Castlecaulfield takes its name from Sir Toby Caulfield, ancestor of the Earls of 
Charlemont, to whom it was granted by James I. It contained 24 ballyboes, as appears from an 
Inquisition at Dungannon, 23rd August, 1610. See O'Donovan's Four Masters, v. p. 1404. — J. S.] 

76. O'Cailleain.— J. O'D. 

■J7. The British Officer says (Irish Wa>-r of 1641, p. 27) : — " Captain Theophilus Jones, of 
the Lord Conway's Regiment, was left to command it. At tliis time our Regiment [i.e., Sir John 
Clotworthy's] kept Mountjoy." — J. S. 

78. The British Officer (/risk Warr of 1641, p. 27) owns that Charlemont "did them more 
hirm than they could do to it." — ^J. S. 

79. Doe Castle, Co. Donegal, the residence of the MacSwynes. Owen Roe had come from 
Dunicirk, sailing round the north of Scotland. (See Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 311.) The Aphoris- 
miscal Discovery of Faction (i p. 43) states that he took two prizes on his way, and that the 
commanders whom he brought with him were '• ould-beaten soldiers of his own regiment in 
Flanders." " Ould-beaten," i.e., tried veterans.— J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 164 i. 215 

Patrick j^|AtiAnu\ O'Ouin/" and three old heroes, FeHm hAVb (the 
stammerer) O'Muldoon,**^ Turlogh Dubh, and Conor O'Gibbon ; our 
army being away from us in Tirconnell. 

They carried off from the borders of Brantry (b]\encAi|\) at Knock- J"ly 31. 1642. 
nac]oy^"(ciioc ah ctuice), above 140 cows, and horses with their harness 
(^o nA nuvLin jnib), sheep, goats, and accoutrements. 

A party of EngHsh and Scotch soldiers came from Trian Congal Aug. 4, 1642. 
(U]\iAn Con^Ail) to Hy Nialland (lb niAllAin) to reinforce the gar- 
risons of Dungannon and Mountjoy. They went up beyond Clanda- 
welP^ (-oAbAilt) and plundered the M'Kennas indiscriminately. Next 
day they returned to Dungannon and brought the plunder with them. Aug. 6, 1642. 
These forces left Dungannon in the night and went towards the 
Large*^ (Lcajijai^), Truagh (U|\ioca), Clossach^'^ (CIo^^I^ac), and the 
borders of Slieve Beagh (Sluxb bcACA), as far as Glendavagh**'(5t'eAnn 
An x)eAriiAin). A party of the Irish happened to fall in with them 
near the woods, when a slaughter ensued on both sides. They carried 
away their plunder to Dungannon that same day, and eight troopers 
in sacks along with them. 

The same forces went to Mountjoy, and having waited for some 
time near a wood they received intelligence of plunder being beside 
Sliabh Gallon (]'liAb cAtlunn). They carried it off and killed 

and his brother Conor. Twelve troopers went to 

Kilcronaghan (cil c]\uinneACAin) and Maghera (TnACAi|\e a ]\a). The 
Ulster-men followed them, and there was not a great man of them 
who was not either killed or drowned in the Bann,**'' 

80. Edward Bunting, the musician who collected our national airs, claimed descent from 
Patrick Gruama O'Quin. (See A^o/es and Queries, ist series, iv. p. 452.)— J. S. 

81. The OIMuldoons were a Fermanagh family located in the Barony of Lurg. — J. W. H. 
[There are repeated references to the U'Muldoons, Lords of Lurg, in the Four Masters, the 

earliest being at a.d. iooo. — ^J. S.] 

82. Knocknacloy is situate on the west side of the Oona river, at its embouchure into the 
Blackwater.— J. W. H. 

83. Glenaul.— J. W. H. 

Glenaul was a large district, the property of the Primate, on the Armagh side of the Black- 
water, lying along its side from Caledon to Blackwater town. It is now the name of an 
Electoral Division in the Poor Law Union of Armagh. (See Appendix to Ulster Inquisitions for 
description.)— J. W. H. 

84. The "Large." The principal part of this is the town of Aughnacloy, Co. Tyrone. In 
the Plantation of Ulster the Lord Ridgwaie whs allotted 2,000 acres, called Large, upon which, 
at the date of Pynnar's Survey (1618-19), he had built "a Bawne of Lime and Stone, 160 feet 
square, 14 feet high, with four flankers, and a House in it of Timber." (Harris's Hibernica, p. 
209.)-;. W. H. 

85. The " Closaghe. " (See Reeves's Primate Cotton's Visitation,'^. 126, for a description 
of this district, which comprised the present parishes of Clogher and Errigal Keerogue, in the 
County Tyrone. — J. W. H. 

[It was also called Magh Leavihna. An old map of Ulster, preserved in the State Paper Office, 
shows it as " the Countrie of Corroac Mac Barone " [O'Neill]. See O'Donovan's Four Masters, i. 
p. 46: also the Leabliar na g-Ceart, or Book of Rights, p. 152. — J. S.] 

86. Glenadamhain, now Glendavagh, a townland in the parish of Aghaloo, Barony of 
Dungannon, Co. Tvrone. — J. W. H. 

Devil's Glen.— J. OD. 

[This would be the meaning of the old name, but Glendavagh, as Joyce says (/risk Names of 
Places, ii. p. 434), means " a glen having deep pools along its course. " — ^J. S.] 

87. Or, and all their leaders were either slain or drowned in the Bann. — J. O'D. 



2i6 Old Belfast. 

Aug. 12, 1642. From Mountjoy the forces returned to Dungannon, in number 
4,000 men. They received information that there was plunder in 
Munter-Byrne^® (iniiiiiui]i binn) in the possession of Brian O'Hugh, a 
priest in Glenkeen^" (CltuMn con). They carried it off with them, and 
seized upon Edmund Finn, a priest. A horseman of the army having 
turned upon two young men of the Creaghts"" (CAOjAAi^eAcc), was 
attacked by them with a volley of stones, which knocked him off 
his horse. They then killed him, and took away his horse and 
accoutrements with them. 

All the great plunder above-mentioned was brought from those 
places which I have stated to Trian Congal (U]AiAn conjAit) on [Saint 
Clare's] day" ("La ^v\n cIa]\a). 

Aug. 13, 1642. The General returned along with Owen O'Neill, the O'Reillys, 
M'Mahons, the inhabitants of Fermanagh, and M'Keowns, with plenty 
of ammunition (-puiicAcc itionAipon leo), and the English drew back as 
the General and his forces advanced. The famous, honorable, per- 
severing Commander had arrived through the sea from the north with 
only a single ship and a company of soldiers, commanded by Captain 
Antony, the Fleming, an intrepid officer. They landed at the Castle 
of Doe (cAi]^teAii riA ccuac). 

Aug. 16, 1642. General Leslie"^ and Lord Auchinbreck came from Scotland, and 
Colonel Monroe met them in Trian Congal (U]\u\n conjAil). They 
marched together with 8,000 men to Coleraine and Ballymoney** 
(peAHj-At) inonAig). O'Kane, that is, Donnell Gimley, with a large 
party came upon them at the Ferry^^ (|;eA]\i'A-o). The Scotch were 
defeated, they took to the woods around, and they lost about 150 men, 
while not a single one of the Irish was killed. The inhabitants of the 
Barony of Loughinsholin (Loc ini)^ o Imnn) and the O'Kanes went to 

88. Muintir Birn was a district in the south of the Barony of Dungannon, adjoining the 
territory of Trough, Co. Monaghan, and Toaghie, now the Barony of Armagh. (See the Leabhar 
na g-Ceart, or Book of Rights, p. 151.)— J. S. 

89. Glenkeen is a townland in the Parish of Aghaloo, Co. Tyrone, between Caledon and 
Aughnacloy. — J. W. H. 

90. The Creaghts were shepherds in time of peace, and drove the cattle-preys in time of 

war. The word Creaght comes from CHeAC, plunder, or CAOnACT), cattle. — J. S. See note on 
above. Town Book of Belfast, p. 304. — Editor. 

91. This is the festival day of St. Muredach, Bishop of Killala. Also St. Clare's ; this pro- 
bably is the correct reading. — J. W. H. 

[St. Clare's festival is 12th August. See Butler's Lives of the Saints at that date. — J. S.] 

92. Sir Phelim O'Neill. By "the General," Owen Roe O'Neill is meant, in all entries in 
this Journal subsequent to 29th August, 1642, when Sir Phelim is noticed as resigning in his 
favour. — J. S. An engraved portrait of the latter, entitled "Sir Phelom O'Neile, Chief Traytor of 
all Ireland," exists. — Editor. 

93. General Leslie landed on the 4th August, according to Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 349. By 
" Lord Auchinbreck ' is meant Sir Duncan Campbell of Auchinbreck. He was a cousin of the 
Marquis of Argyle. See Hill's Macdonnells of Antrim, pp. 73,74. Auchinbrecks Regiment is 
mentioned by the British Officer [Irish Warr of ib^i, p. 50) as " Collonel Campbell's, alias 
Aghinbrack's, quartered in the Roote." — J. S. 

94. This cannot be Ballymoney, Co. Antrim. It is Vow Ferry, on the Bann. — J. W. H. 

95. Toome. — J. W. H. 

In the Latin Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, Toome is called Fersait Tuatna. (See Reeves's 
Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down, Connor, and Dromore, p. 293.) Compare Fertais Tuamma 
in the Irish Tripartite, i. p. 168. In the Four Masters (ii. p. 961) it is UuAllll. — J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 217 

Brantry (b]\eAncui]\), to Truagh (Ujuoca), and to Sliabh Beagh. The 

GeneraP® and Owen O'Neill happened to be in Charlemont (Aca-o ah -oa 

cA]\A-6). They were shown the forces approaching. The General went 

to Sliabh na Maol (I'liAb ha mAob) and collected 1,000 men, and Owen 

O'Neill went to O'Neilland (lb niAllAn) and there gathered 2,000. 

The numerous Scotch forces arrived at Dungannon and fired off their 

guns in one volley, and I myself heard that tremendous report. They 

encamped during the night at (oilen cii|\i\in), near Armagh, 

and on Saint Bartholomew's day they marched to Newry (-oon iubA]\). Aug, 24, 1642. 

The General pursued them a great part of the way. 

The General sent five Captains about Dungannon, on Saint Aug. 28, 1642. 
Augustine's day.^'' They brought away upward of loocows. Trenches 
were made round the Castle, and an excavation was made which was 
brought under the Castle. Captain Jones (Seon^-A) capitulated, and 
was permitted to bring the arms with them and to Mountjoy. The 
General placed, as a Governor in Dungannon, Turlogh O'Neill M'Art 
Og, Turlogh M'Shane Og O'Neill, Randal M'Donnell, and Niall 
Og O'Neill, all Captains— Art M'Hugh bui-oe (yellow) O'Neill made 
an incursion into Ballyscanlon (b i ^^^aitIau), and took from the Bawn 
outside the gate of the Castle 50 cows. One of them died, and there 
was a sharp fight for her. 

A day of general meeting was appointed by the nobles of the Aug. 29, 1642. 
province of Ulster. The clan of the O'Neills came, together with the 
General and Owen : also the O'Reillys, O'Kanes, M'Rorys, O'Dalys, 
M'Mahons, Managhans'^ (IllAncliAig), and the M'Donnells, with Sir 
James M'Allister the scabbed (ca]\]\ac), all came to Clones (ccluAin 
eoi]^), for the purpose of electing a General. Sir Felim resigned the 
title on condition that it should be conferred on his elder relation 
Owen — Owen was accordingly nominated General of Ulster, and Sir 
Felim, President. 

Soldiers were sent with Lieutenant-Colonel Shane Og O'Neill Sept. 8, 1642. 
M'Shane M'Brien of Munter-loony (Uxignij). The enemy came in 
search of fuel, and had sixteen of their men killed. 

O'Kane appointed pay for the two sons of Colla ciouAig (the left- 
handed), namely, Gillespie and Randal : — in the first place, 25 pounds 
towards the purchase of clothing and coigny on O'Kane's creaghts^® 
(1 coiniiieA-6 a]' ha c]\oi-6eAcrAib cACAnAC 50 ro^bAit bii Ann acta "ooib). 
O'Kane went to the place where the General was. The sons of Colla 
mustered their people, and told the soldiers to carry away from the 
people of every house who had coigne, their cows and horses, together 
with their household furniture, their sheep and goats, with their 
accoutrements. This was done, and they brought the plunder with 
them to Coleraine. They raised a fortification for themselves. 

96. Sir Phelim O'Neill.— J. S. 

97. St. Augustine's Day and the date of the entry in the Jouriial are identical. "The 
General" is still Sir Phelim O'Neill.— J. S. 

98. The men of Fermanagh. — J. O'D. 

99. Until thev should take Bonaght from them. — J. O'D. 
[Coigny and Bonaght, i.e., entertainment and free quarters.— J. S.] 



2i8 Old Belfast. 

The General sent i,ooo men to protect the Bann from the enemy, 
for they were numerous in Trian Congail (Ui\u\n Con^Ait). 

Oct. 3, 1642. The Earl of Ormond arrived with 4,000 men and laid siege to 

Carrickmacross (cai\]\iiic iiu\cAi|\e <\n ]\o^y) ; Captain Fox and the 
Garrison fled. Next day the English came to the Court and hanged 
the Lady Eveleen, wife of Art Og M'Brien the wrestler (ita mbA]\]\o5), 
and daughter of Eiver M'Cooley M'Mahon. 

Oct. 17, 1642. Pope Urban the Fifth^"" sent an army of 500 men to Ireland. Sir 
Felim went with his part of the Ulster forces to that army. He soon 
after married the daughter of Thomas Preston.^"^ The dowry he re- 
ceived with her was arms for 500 horsemen, 200 muskets, and 3,000 
pounds. 

Nov. 13,1642. It was determined that a Parliament should be held at Kilkenny. 
Thither the GeneraP"" went. 

Dec. 13, 1642. The Enniskillen soldiers came and plundered the country. They 
were attacked by the Maguires (fiot t1i-6ii\y"^ We lost that day 
three Captains, namely, Donaghy M'Cabe the scabbed (ca]\]\ac), James 
M'Goffrey^"^ M'Henry, and Captain M'Cabe, with other persons not 
named. 

January6,i643 j^g General and Sir Felim came from the Council of Kilkenny to 
Charlemont (<\ca-6 ait -oa ca]\a-6). 

April 27, 1643. The plunderer, that is, Rory O'Haran, and the son of Sir Thomas 
Philipps, collected the people of the Castles, and a great multitude 
from Derry. In Ballynascreen (I^Aite ha -j^^jMne) they fell in with 
Niall O'Neill. From that they proceeded to Lissan CLeffAn) and 
burnt the Iron-mill of Tattynagilta'"'* (uAire ita ccoilceAc). They took 
from Niall Og O'Ouin a stud of horses, his swine and sheep, and about 
20 guns. Shane O'Hagan and his people were plundered, Rory 
O'lMellan"'" the speckled (bAllAc)""' was taken, and Cookstown (Conji 
c]\iocAc) burnt. 

The Coleraine .soldiers fell upon Cormac O'Neill M'Felim Og at 
Rallagh, and robbed and killed his people, namely, the M'Williams.^"^ 
Thence they went to the Lake of Loughinsholin, and to Moneymore, 
until the two forces were near one another. They collected a great 

100. This should be Urban the Eighth (Maffei Barberini). Urban the Fifth died in 1370. 
Urban the Fifth occurs again in this translation ; but it is not probable that Friar O'Mellan was 
ignorant of the proper designation of the Pope who was reigning in his own time. The mistake 
must be the translator's. Urban receives his correct numerical designation in the entry, 28th 
August, 1646. — J. S. 

loi. She is quaintly styled "a Dutch borne" by the author of the Aphorismical Discovery 
of Faction, i. p. 53. General Preston had acquired much military fame in the Low Countries. — J. S. 

102. Owen Roe.— J. S. For description of his portrait, written by the Rev. J. O'Laverty, 
P.P., M.R.I.A., see Ulster Journal of Archcsology, vol. iv. p. 24.— EDITOR. 

103. The Sil Uidhir were the Maguires, MacAuleys, MacCaffrys, MacManuses, and their 
correlatives in Fermanagh. (See O'Donovan's Four Masters, iii. p. 476.)— J. S. 

104. M'Govry.— J. O'D. M'Henry O'A'rtw^-.— J. O'D. 

105. Tattynagilta, a townland in the Parish of Lissan, Co. Tyrone.— J. W. H, 

106. O'Mellan, now Mullan.— J. O'D. 

107. Speckled, i.e., freckled. iDAitAC (Ballach or Ballagh) is of common occurrence in 
the names of Irish chiefs. — J. S. 

108. M'Williams, a tribe of the Burkes. — J. O'D. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 219 

deal of spoil, and the Creaghts fled to Dungannon. After plundering 
to a great extent, the English returned to Loughinsholin. They sent 
Rory O'Mellan^"^ (bAllAc) to demand the Island (ah oiteAn) from 
Shane O'Hagan M'Keown M'Cammon Og. It was refused them. 
They fired three shots from a cannon they had with them, and then 
left the place. They returned to their homes laden with spoil. 

The garrison of Mountjoy held out in spite of the Irish. Precisely 
on Thursday (•oajtoaoih -oo fonn]\A-6), a reinforcement of 1,000 men 
having come to the garrison from Massareene, they took from Felim 
of the war (An co^ato) O'Neill 30 cows. They came in the same April 28,1643. 
boats next day to M'Cann's fort and took some plunder. The 
General's people followed, and killed above 60 of them. They lost 
their plunder too, and a great quantity of arms. The General only 
lost eight men, together with Art O'Neill M'Cormac M'Turlogh 
Breasalagh (b]\eA]v\lAc). Sir Felim came to the besieging army and 
doubled it ; so that he prevented all egress. The reinforcing party 
were obliged to return in their boats for want of provisions. 

The soldiers of Tyrconnell, consisting of 3,000 men under the com- May 4, 1643. 
mand of Sir Robert Stewart, arrived and plundered Clossagh (ctoc^^A-6), 
and then proceeded to Truagh (U]'ioca). Five of their horsemen went May 5, 1643. 
to Largy (LeAjyT^Ai-o). Sir Felim and O'Kane happened to be near 
the place with 100 horse and 100 foot. Donnell Gimley went to re- 
connoitre the enemy, and perceived the five horsemen near him. 
O'Kane spurred till he was between the two forces, and his horse 
fell with him. The animal's head happened to be undermost, so 
that O'Kane found it impossible to raise him on his feet. He was 
immediately taken prisoner, and the horse-men were enabled to get 
off in safety from the fleetness of their horses. Hereupon Sir Felim 
said that he would not suffer them to carry off O'Kane. He set off 
in pursuit, but in the meantime a Scotch trooper sent a bullet through 
O'Kane's head : he fell lifeless to the ground, and they carried away 
his horse and arms. Sir Felim came to the body, and had it interred 
in Armagh. 

With respect to the enemy, they came to M'Kenna's residence 
(l3oile tTlec Cioiia) and took it, together with much wealth. They 
came back plundering all the way, and hanged Priest M'Gilmurry in May;, 1643. 
his own parish of Drumragh^'" ('0]\onii jiaca), on Sunday precisely (-oi a 
"ooriinAc -oo fninniiA-o). 

Robert Monroe came to Tandragee with 4,000 men, and burnt the May 12, 1643. 
houses in O'Neilland (lb niAllAin). About that time the General's 
people, his horse and foot soldiers, came upon them. The Lieutenant 
of the enemy's cavalry, two Captains, and a number of soldiers were 
killed there. Night coming on, the Creaghts fled, namely, the people 
of Upper Claneboy, Iveagh, and the County Armagh, to Brantry 
(bnenco|\). Oriel (Oi]\5iaIIa), &c. However, the Scotch were not 
without plunder ; they burnt three corn mills. Sir Felim sent a party 

109. This is incorrect. — J. O'D. 

no. The Parish in which lies the town of Omagh. — J. W. H. 

The old parish church of Drumragh stood nearly two miles south of Omagh. In 1622 it is 
reported as ruined, but that there was "hope" and "means" that a new church might be 
erected in Omagh. The ancient walls still e.xist. — W. T. Latimer, B.A. 



220 Old Belfast. 

to Anasamery"' (Caiu\c iv\ini\Ai-6), to the house of the General, to 
bring away whatever arms were there ; and, about three hours after, 
the enemy came and burnt Anasamery (Caikvc i'Am]\Ai-6). A great 
body of the M'Kennas came and carried away much spoil. Sir Felim 
sent Colonel Thomas Sanford and 300 men to take it from them ; and 
they killed about 200 of them. They staid three days encamped at 
Tandragee, and returned with a large quantity of wheat, meal, and 
corn. 

The plunderer (that is, Rory O'Haran) came, and brought Scotch 
troops from the Castles, and the son of Thomas Philipps from Newtown- 
limavady, on an enterprise to plunder Art and Tuathal O'Neill, sons 
of Hugh M'Shane. Along with him also was Alister Roe, the people 
of Desertcreaght"^ ("Oi^'iojvc c]\ioc), and many more, amounting to 
upwards of 2,000. 

May 20, 1643. They killed the Priest who was in the Parish of Maghera (IllAcAijAe 
A]u\), Owen Moder (ino-oA]\-6A) O'Creely, and his brother, Conor Og, 
and some others. Sir Felim pursued them with 13 standards and 
many horsemen, but did not overtake them. The day on which 
Patrick Moder O'Loughren (O l_/Aocc]Aen) was buried was 
Sunday (An "ooiiinAc in6]\)."^ 

Thursday, Lord Conway (ConyAig), Chichester, Blayney, Hamilton, and 

May 24, 1643. Montgomery, arrived with more than 5,000 men and five troops of 
horse. The Creaghts fled. The General sent two of his horsemen to 
guard them, and they took two of the enemy's cavalry, one of whom, 
Rory (bAllAc) O'Mellan,"^ was taken away by Sir Felim. These 
Lords went to OrieP'^ (Oii\jiaIIa), as they did not like the Owenites. 
Having halted at Monaghan, they sent their people to gather spoil, 
and Lord Moore took a great quantity. The manner in which they 
divided the booty was this : that each party alternately should have 
a park full of cattle. The Scotch endeavoured to drive and thrust the 
cows into their own park, and this did not please the English. 

May 28, 1643. Colonel Robert Monroe came from Trian Congail (UjUAn con^Ait) 
to Armagh and Benburb. They killed Maurice O'Haghey,"® an old 
Doctor, and some others. 

111. Eanach-Samer, now Anasamery, between Loughgall and Charlemont, about i% miles 
from the latter. It is now the property of Sir William Verner.— J. W. H. 

[Carte speaks of it (Ormonde, i. p. 432) as " Annagh Sawry near Charlemont." — J. S.] 

112. A townland and parish in the north of the Barony of Dungannon. The name is written 
"OirepC X)A C^tioch hy the Four A/asie>-s (Wl p. 432).— J. S. 

113. This sentence is perhaps a mistranslation, and should read :—" Patrick Moder (i.e., 
inO'DAITOA the gloomy) O'Loughran was buried at Donaghmore." Quoting from \.h.\s Journal, 
Dr. Reeves (Primate Colton s Visitation, p. 12) says, with reference to the O'Loughrans, "one of 
the family is spoken of as being buried at Donaghmore." Except this passage, there is none to 
which such a meaning could be attached. The MS. from which this translation was made not 
being at present available for inspection (though Dr. Reeves seems to have had the use of it), the 
matter rests between him and Mr. Robert Macadam, the translator, which is right. — J. S. 

114. DaIIac, freckled.— J. S. 

115. As far as Belturbet, Reid, i. p. 428. — J. W. H. 

116. O'Heachaidh.— J. O'D. 



Narrative of the Wars of 164 i. 221 

Thomas Sanford, one of Sir Felim's Colonels, happened to meet 
them, and skirmished with them from Benburb to Charlemont (aca-o 
An -OA cA]\A-6), to Killyman (cilt 11 a mbAii), to Mountjoy and Money- 
more. They plundered Henry M'Rory Boy (buToe) O'Hagan. Many 
were killed by them throughout Killeter (Coill iocuajvai^).^'^ 

A Council was held by the General of the Ulster army, and by the May 31, 1643 
President, Sir Felim, at [Mullintur] (nnillAc ah cui)!)'^** in Munter Byrne. 
They resolved not to leave the country on any account. That whoever 
stole a cow or mare, horse or garron, sheep or goat, the value of 
these things should be levied off his property, if he had any ; or, 
if a poor man, that he should be hanged. Also, whatever persons 
should go about drinking out of churns, or raising any disturbance, 
should be cudgelled v/ith staves till their back bones were broken 
inside of them ; and many other good regulations. There are some 
persons in the country, O'Kanes, Devlins, O'Haras, the Iveagh, and 
all the Claneboy and the Route (|\iirA), who eat mares and horses, 
who steal and carry off from the rear of the Heretics cats and 
dogs, and eat men. 

Sir Felim, with Paul O'Neill, the Guardian of Armagh, and Captain June 2, 1643. 
Turlogh 51^1^1 ^"^in^"^ O'Ouin, went with horse-carriages to meet the arms 
which the King of Spain"^ had sent to Ireland. On Friday, Robert 
Stewart, with 4,000 men, came from Inishowen. They wasted and 
plundered Clossagh (ait cIo^^aij). As for the General, Owen O'Neill, he 
had before this (9th June) ordered the Creaghts to go to the County Long- 
ford (Lon5po]\c), and they were on the way thither. The enemy came June 13, 1643 
to Clones (CUiAineAi]^) on the day of Saint Anthony of Padua,^^" and 
neither the General nor any person else perceived them until they 
were within about two miles of them. The General's regiment, and 
four troops of horse surrounding it, met the enemy, who advanced 
suddenly. The alarm was sounded, and Sir Felim's regiment came 
forward, together with Lieutenant-Colonel Shane O'Neill.'^' The 
action was very fierce on both sides ; however, the enemy prevailed 

117. Carte's narrative may be taken in connection with these two paragraphs: — "Monroe 
marched in Alay with great expedition and secrecy into the County oi Armag/i to surprise Owen 
O'Neile in his quarters at Annagh Sawry, near Charlernont. O Neile himself was the first that 
discovered them, as he was hunting, at the distance of two miles, and about four from his quarters, 
whither he immediately retired ; and, drawing off his small party of 400 men, after an hour's dis- 
pute with Monroe's whole force in a lane enclosed with quicksets leading to Charlemont. made 
his retreat thither without the loss of a man. Monroe seized the passes about that fortress, in- 
tending to make what preys he could in the country ; but one of his parties being the next day 
attacked by Lieutenant-Colonel Sandford, an hundred of his men killed, and the prey re- 
covered, he thought fit to return into the County oi Antrim." (See Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 432.) — 
J. S. 

118. Mullintur, parish of Aghaloo, Co. Tyrone. — J. W. H. 

[Muintir Birn, a district in the south of the Barony of Dungannon adjoining Trough, a 
territory in Co. Monaghan, and Toaghie, now the Barony of Armagh. See the Leabhar na 
g-Ceart, or Book of Rights, p. 151. — J. S. ] 

119. Philip the Fourth. Paul O'Neill, ?.«., "y* postilian ffryer " mentioned in note 59. —J. S. 

120. St. Anthony of Padua's Day, and the 13th June, the date of this entry, are the same.— 
J. S. 

121. "An old officer who had been 25 years in foreign service." (See Carte's Ormonde, 
i. p. 433-)— J- S. 



222 Old Belfast. 

over us.'''' We lost Colonel Con Og M'Ouin M'Neill M'Brien 
Faghertach (Vaja^cac), and Captain Niall O'Neill M'Turlogh M'Ouin 
bACAc (the lame) ; also Captain Eiver O'Neill M'Conolly niAc An 
p]i-oo]\cA (son of the dark man), Captain Brian O'Devlin of the 
Cavalry, Captain Edward [Cooley ?] (cuuIax)) O'Mulhollan. The 
Colonel of the Orielians (ei]\5u\ll) was taken prisoner, that is, 
M'Mahon ; Hugh M'Art Og M'Art, son of the Baron (iiiac An iDAjunn), 
took to flight. The following were made prisoners : — Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sir Felim^'' O'Neill and Captain Art M'Hugh the yellow (bui-oe) 
M'Turlogh M'Henry. We all fled from this dreadful battle.''* The 
poor Creaghts (c|\oi-6eAccA) were left behind entirely at the mercy of 
the enemy. Some of them were driven east, some west, up and down 
the country. It was then that Cormac O'Hagan was slain. Och ! och ! 
a sorrowful tale ! — and all this time Sir Felim was at Kilkenny. Some 
of us fled to Breffny, some to the counties of Armagh, Tyrone, and 
Louth. The General returned to Truagh (U]\ioca). On the second 
night he lodged at Brantry'"^ (bi\eAncii]A), in the House of the Friars, 
at Gort-tamlaght-na-muc (So^c rAiiilAccA nA nnic). He left that place 
early in the morning, and some time after the Scotch came to Brantry 
on Thursday precisely (■oA]\-oAoin -oo funnnA-6). They burnt the houses 
of the Franciscan Friars, and killed a great many persons. We were 
four Friars at Brantry, namely, Turlogh O'Mellan, a priest, and three 
Friars of the family of Loughran (LAocr]\en), namely, Owen, Benedict, 
and Teague, — the names when night came. There were during the 
night, at Carnteel (Ca]ui cfiA-oAil) 4,000 foot and six troops of horse, 
including the people from Tyrconnell and Enniskillen, and com- 
manded by Sir William Cole (CobAl), Sir Robert Stewart, and Sir 
William Stewart. They had 4,000 cows divided among them. We 
ourselves, the Friars, took three of them, namely, two milk cows and a 
dry one. We killed the latter, but two fellows from the Route (iuica) 
took the others from us. 
June 17, 1643. They (the enemy) made a forced march till they arrived in the 
Counties of Cavan, Longford, and Leitrim, in pursuit of the General. 

122. Owen Roe was nearly taken prisoner in this engagement. "At which place," says the 
British Officer [h-ish Warr 0/1641. p. 30), " Mac Art escaped narrowly, pistolling him that would 
lay hands on him, &c." O'Mulhollan, who was among the slain, is described by the British 
Officer as " Cullo Madder Mulhollan, a Stout old Horseman." Madder, i.e., inoX)A]raA, 
the gloomy.— J. S. 

123. Reid (i. p. 428), Carte (i. p. 433)-— J- W. H. 

[Perhaps " Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Felim " should be Lieutenant-Col. Shane O'Neill. Carte 
{Ormonde, i. p. 433) mentions no Felim as taken, but says :— " Among the prisoners were Shane 
O'Neile, Colonel Hugh O'Neile, nephew to the General, Captain Art O'Neile, grandson to Sir 
Turlogh Mac Henry, two other Captains, and three Gentlemen of Quality."— J. S.] 

124. Carte (Ormo?ide, i. p. 433) says:—" The Rebels suffered in this action a greater loss 
than any they had met wiih before in Ulster, most of their Arms being taken, and the greatest 
part of the foreign Officers, which came over with Owen O'Neile, being either killed or taken 
prisoners. . . . The loss of the English in this battle, which was fought on Tuesday, the 13th 
of June, was inconsiderable, there being only six of them killed, and about twenty-two wounded." 
-J. S. 

12?. The British Officer [Irish Warr of 1641, p. 31) says :— " After the Route at Clownish. 
Mac Art came that night to the Braniter Woods, and next day rested at Charlemont, and next 
night went after the People of Ulster to the County of Cavan, where he gathered them all 
again." — J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 223 

He encamped a number of soldiers and cavalry round the garrison of 
Jamestown (Rosscommon) (bAile ]^ennii]^), to guard the Creaghts/^*' • 

George Monroe, (perhaps and) Lieutenant-General Leslie, collected June 29, 1643. 
a great host, including the son of Lord Leven^-^ (LAbAiji), and the son 
of Randal (limn el) Stewart. They crossed the River Bann, having 
along with them Colonel Conolly (G-oJAn), that is, the man who turned 
informer in Dublin, and through whom Lord Enniskillen was taken/^^ 
They proceeded to Mountjoy, to Killeter (Coitl iocca|\ai5), to 
Clanaghrie (CluAin cAcne), and to Brantry, so that any of the natives 
who had remained in the country, and were unable to fly to distant 
places, lost every thing they possessed. They encamped at Carnteel ; 
on Saint Peter's day they burnt Bally Turlogh O'Neill (boili coi]a- 
•oeAlbAi^ 1 tleill), called the castle.^"'^ From that they went to Bally- July i, 1643. 
donnelly, and Con M'Art M'Donnell, the accursed (niAC ha iiu\btAcc), 
delivered up to them the island of Ballydonnelly on Saturday. O'Neill 
M'Felim M'Donnell, a Franciscan Friar, was taken ; he was sent to 
Carrickfergus (Ca]\]\ai5 ■penju^w), and was in confinement 17 months. 

They proceeded to Dungannon, and demanded the surrender of July 3, 1643. 
the town, which v/as refused. Next day soldiers were sent to fire on 
the town, and again to demand a surrender. Brian bin-oe (yellow) 
Hughes"" (O Iiao-oa), an old veteran, was taken in Dungannon, and a 
Franciscan Friar, named Patrick O'Hamill, was the Father Confessor."^ 

A large force under Colonel Robert Monroe, Lord Chichester, Lord July 4, 1643. 
Conway (Conj-vxig), Lord Hamilton, and Lord Montgomery, crossed 
the Avonmore (Blackwater) to Dungannon. They pitched their tents 
at Gortmerron"" (5°!^^ 1lleA|\Ainn). Their numbers amounted to 
5,000 foot and 1,000 horse. 

On seeing so great a force the garrison was seized with fear, and July 7. 1643. 
surrendered on receiving liberty to carry away their arms and movable 
effects. On the fifth day after, a Scotch garrison was placed in the 
town. Brian M'Donchadh bnA-oAig (the rogue) O'Hagan delivered 
up the island of Lough (Loc Uica), without any necessity for it, to 

the Scotch. It was resolved by the Council of the forces to pursue the 

126. Jamestown, Co. Leitrim, must be meant. Jamestown, County Roscommon, was an 
insignificant place, but Jamestown, Co. Leitrim, had a castle, built in 1623 by Sir Charles Coote, 
which was taken in 1645 by the Earl of Carlingford, and again in 1689 by the Enniskilleners under 
Colonel Lloyd. (See the Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland, ii. p. 332.) — J. S. 

127. Leslie, who was afterwards Earl of Leven. — J. W. H. 

128. Conolly, or O'ConnoUy, seceded to Protestantism in his youth. He eventually became 
a Presbyterian elder. (See Raid's History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, i. pp. 310, 311.) 
He was killed in 1649 by a Mr. Hamilton, whose brother he had murdered. In 1662, ^200 per 
annum was secured, out of confiscated estates, for the support of his orphans, Arthur and Martha 
O'ConnoUy. (See Meehan's Confederation of Kilkenny, pp. 88, 89. ) According to the British 
Officer [Irish IVarr of 1641, pp. 93, 94) Conolly killed Mr. Hamilton's brother in a duel. — J. S. 
Conolly had left the Presbyterian Church before his death and become a "Separatist." — W. T, 
Latimer, B.A. 

129. Castletown. — J. 'W. H. Castletown Bawn, or generally " The Bawn." — W. T. L. 

130. O'Hay.— J. O'D. 

' O' Haedha. — "This name is very common throughout the Province of Ulster, but now 
anglicised Hughes. In the south of Ireland it is variously anglicised O'Hea, O'Hee, O'Hay, and 
Hayes." (See O'Donovan's Four Masters, iv. pp. 1203-4). — J. S. 

131. It is not clear what is implied by the concluding part of this sentence. Irish prisoners 
were not allowed Father Confessors by the enemy. — J. S. 

132. Gortmerron adjoins Dungannon. — J. 'W. H. 



224 Old Belfast. 

General, Owen O'Neill, and to take the Creaghts from him. One de- 
tachment of them was therefore sent off to Truagh and to Clones 
and Cavan. A second party went to Kinard,"^ to Monaghan, and 
Cavan, and thence to Slieve Brus. Seven hundred horsemen were sent 
in pursuit of the Ulster-men, and as they did not fall in with them, 
they returned to Bun (50 bim), and resolved to go back to their own 
stations. They were in Monaghan that night. 

I may now make some mention of Charlemont (Aca-o An -oa cajia-o) 
where the harvest was now approaching with a large force, composed 
of English, Scotch, and Irish arrived at this town.'^* He planted four 
cannon at Dunavally'^'* ('Oun -oa bAllA) against the place. There 
were attacks and skirmishes every day, the Scotch always losing great 
numbers. The thought struck Captain Niall O'Neill M'Shane 
M'Turlogh M'Henry M'Shane that it might be well to scour the roads 
which were at some distance round the town. One day they happened 
upon a company of horse and foot coming from Mountjoy to the 
besieging army : they immediately attacked them, killed five soldiers 
and three horses, and wounded two horsemen. They took from them 
wine, beer, vinegar, whiskey, two tents, some spades and mattocks, a 
cart full of meal, butter and cheese, as much as two horses would draw, 
and a quantity of linen and woollen clothes. After this capture, the 
besiegers extended their encampment on all sides of the town, so that 
no way of egress for the garrison was left. However, a sally was made 
in the night-time across the river in boats, and fourteen men were 
killed before a word was spoken. 

As for the General, Owen O'Neill, he placed soldiers between the 
Creaghts and the garrison of Jamestown."'' The garrison of Elphin 
arrived on a plundering expedition, and carried off with them horses, 
cows, and captives, and, among the rest, Brian MacCuconnacht. Some 
men were killed. 
Aug. 2, 1643. Colonel Richard O'Farrell, of the County Longford, carried off a 
considerable booty of arms, clothes, money, and ? 

He killed two young horsemen of the O'Quins. 

The General brought the Creaghts across the Shannon westward 
to the top of Brus,"'' in Breffny, and Sir Felim come from Kilkenny to 
the same place. The ambassador of Pope Urban V."* arrived 

133. Kinard, i.e., Caledon. — J. S. 

134. Perhaps this sentence means, that as the harvest was coming on, a force of English, &c., 
came to Charlemont. The British Officer (see his Irish Warr of 1641, p. 34) may help us to 
understand it. "This Harvest," he says, " the Scottish Army, the Lord Conway's Regiment, the 
Lord Donegall's Regiment, and our Regiment were all in the counties of Ardmagh, Tyrone, and 
Londonderry, reaping, threshing, and burning all the Grain the Irish sowed, which was 
plenty, &c." — J. S. For corn taken by the Irish, see present vol., p. 55. — Editor. 

135. On a hill called Leager Hill, in the townland of Corr and Dunavally, overhanging and 
commanding the old fort of Charlemont, are yet the remains of this position. It is now a grave- 
yard, but the trench is complete. — J. W. H. 

136. Jamestown, Co. Leitrim. — J. S. 

137. Now Bruise Mountain, in Tullyhunco Barony, Co. Cavan. — J. W. H. 
[Tullyhunco was the Mac Kernans' country. See O'Daly's Tribes of Ireland, p. 93. — J. S.] 

138. Recte, Urban the Eighth. (See note 100.) The ambassador was the pro-nuncio, 
Father Pier Francesco Scarampo, priest of the Congregation of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri. — 
J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 225 

from Rome to observe the progress of the war, and bringing some 
assistance to the Irish, 

Brian O'Neill M'Art Og and Randal M'Donnell (IIIac -ooiiinAiU) Aug. 14, 1643. 
delayed behind the Creaghts. Captain Hanly brought a party of the 
enemy on them, when Randal was killed and Brian deprived of all his 
effects. 

A Council of the Ulster Chiefs, with the General, was held to Aug. 25,1643. 
determine whether they should come to the province of Ulster, or go 
to Meath, to procure corn. They decided at length upon Meath, and 
leaving Slieve Brus, they went to the Church of Lurgan (UeAm]Doll ua 
"Lo]\5An) to Lough Ramor"^ (Loc ]\eAiiiA|\) and [Balgeeth] ('OpoigeA-o 
bet AC ^Aoice).^'"* The General sent a messenger to [Cloon] (ctuAiiA 
b]\ei|:ni)''*^ demanding the surrender of the town, and the garrison, 
upon seeing the strength of the besiegers, capitulated, and received 
honourable terms. 

Inish O'Linn"'^ O^iiT ^ ^i^'"ii"i) was garrisoned by Shane O'Hagan. Aug. 12,1643. 
The enemy came and called on them to surrender, which they refused. 
They then stopped up a stream that ran out of the lake,^^^ and turned 
the course of another into it, so that they contrived to inundate the 
island. The garrison kept watch in the island-house, and one of their 
men was killed by a cannon-ball while on guard. However, they 
refused to give up the island on any account. One man, in attempt- 
ing to swim away, got his legs broken. The enemy at last departed. 

The Castle of Killallon"' (Cill AlUnn) and the Castle of Balrath'^' 
surrendered to Sir Felim, and the garrisons received good quarter, viz., 
their arms, clothes, and effects. 

A message from the General was sent to Ballybeg, ordering the 
garrison to surrender, but they returned him a refusal. The soldiers 
immediately invested the town, and planted the cannon against it. 
The cannonade began, and soon the edifice was broken down and 
breaches made. The garrison now asked quarter, but were refused, Aug. 30, 1643. 
and ordered to come forth and submit to mercy. The whole of them 
came out, being 180 in number, between horse and foot soldiers. The 
son of Sir Henry Tichborne (Uioi^bei^An) and Captain Cardiff 
(Co|\]\'oub)"'' were taken. 

139. Slieve Bruise, the parish of Lurgan, and Lough Ramor, all in Co. Cavan. By the 
Four Masiei-s (\. p. lo) Lough Ramor is called Loch 111 inni\eniOTp.— J. S. 

140. Balgeeth, in Meath. — J. CD. 

141. Cloon, in Leitrim.— J. O'D. 

[By the Four Masters (iii. pp. 348-9) the place is called CtuAin COllinAICne.— J. S. 

142. The island in Lough-inis-O'Lynn, Co. Derry, barony of Loughinsholin. An O'Lynn is 
said to have founded a monastery hereabouts. (See Primate Colton s Visitation, pp. 76-7.) — J. S. 

143. It is a small lake about 220 yards in length and 179 in width. (See Primate Cotton's 
Visitation, p. 76.) — J. S. 

144. Near Old Castle.— J. O'D. 

145. Balrath, Co. Westmeath, is called DiLe jAACA by the Four Masters (iv. p. 1164), 
who make the first mention of ordnance in their Annals in connection with the destruction of its 
castle in 1488. — J. S. 

146. CofAIA "Oub, the nearest approach that O'Mellan could make to the sound of this 
Captain's name, happens to mean Black Snout, or Beak. — J. S. 



226 Old Belfast. 

Sept. I, 1643. The Castle of (bAile piA-oAin ?) was taken, and a son 

of Sir William Parsons, from Dublin. At Athboy (boile Ach bui-oi) 
were taken by Captain Smithand two gentlemen. The monastery of 
Nenagh (nu\ini-|xi]\ ah aoiiaij) and the Castle"^ of [Assoon] (t)Aile 
eA]nim) on the Boyne. The Castle of (I^Aite ]\uinite|\) 

also was taken and burnt immediately. 

Sept. 8, 1643. On the festival of our Blessed Lady^*^ the Creaghts arrived from 

Kells (ceAnAnnu]^)^^" along with Sir Felim at Port , and 

( ). Siege was laid to Portlester"" (po]\c 

teA]"CA]A), one of the enemy's posts, and it was surrendered to the 

General. 

Lord Moore now came in pursuit of the General, his forces, and 
Creaghts, determined that not a man or beast of them should escape 
from his troops, for he had collected great numbers of Scotch and 
English by his promises of great pay and a share in the plunder. 
There were probably five or six thousand. 

The General raised intrenchments at the Earl's Mill Ford (aXc ah 
iiniitlinn k\)\Ia),^^^ and the cannon and small fire-arms were got in 
readiness. Our enemies advanced confidently to the bank of the ford 
(50 1ui]\ An aca), but were repulsed with great slaughter. Lord Moore 
himself ^'^^ fell by a ball from a cannon of Owen O'Neill's, together 
with no men and nine horses. This great army retreated in great 
confusion and without plunder. 

Three Captains, three Lieutenants, and six Sergeants (of the 
enemy) declared that if a Sergeant-major and 300 men were given to 
them of the flower of the army, they would undertake to seize the 
town in eight days. All they required was granted. They assailed 

147. Assoon, in Meath. — J. O'D. 

[No doubt this is the same as " Balsonne," mentioned by Carte [Ormonde, i. p. 448) in his 
enumeration of castles taken by Owen Roe O'Neill — " Killelan, Balrath, Ballibeg, Beekliffe, 
Balsonne, and Ardsallagh." — J. S.] 

148. The 8th September is the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin. — J. S. 

149. CeAlTAnnur, ?.«., head fort, or residence. The Marquis of Headfort takes his title, 
and that of his seat, from the old name of Kells, translated. — J. S. 

150. In Carte's Ormonde (i. p. 449) Portlester takes the form of " Port-lesterford upon the 
Blackwater." — ^J. S. 

151. The Earl's mill ford. Carte [Ormonde, i. p. 449) speaks of it as " the Earl's milne, at 
some distance from the ford." Owen Roe O'Neill, he says, stationed a Captain with 60 men 
there. — J. S. 

152. This was Charles, second Viscount Drogheda. Lodge [Peerage, ii. p. 104) says he was 
slain, 7th August, 1643. — J. W. H. 

[The Rev. Alexander Clogy, chaplain of horse, states in his Life of Bedell (p. 176), that he 
saw the fatal bullet, 61b. weight, taken out of Lord Moore's body, "being much spent (by 
grazing) ere it came thither, Sept. 11, 1643." According to Carte's Ormo?ide[\. p. 449), the attack 
on "the Earl's milne," and the fall of Lord Moore, took place on the 12th Sept. The British 
Officer [Irish VVarr of 1641, p. 33) relates that Lord Moore " was viewing what ground to make 
a Work on, advantageous against the Pass and the Mill : which Mac Art" \i.e., Owen Roe, who 
was son of Art] " observing, looked through his prospective Glass, after which he levelled a gun 
with his own hands, and caused a Cannoneer to fire it, which Shot most strangely killed the 
Lord Moore. Upon which they put him into a Waggon all mangled, and marched home to 
Drogheda. The news of which came not to Mac Art's ears till Night, at which he was highly 
concerned, as being very sorry for him, at least he seemed to be so." If we may believe what the 
British Officer was " credibly told," some of Lord Moore's men who fell in this action were very 
singularly formed. See his statement about them. — J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 227 

the place confidently, and were convinced that the Irish could not 
hold out against them. They surrounded the Bavvn/*^^ and finding no 
mode of entrance, they turned back and took possession of a sconce'^'* 
which was the wall of an orchard. The country people of the neigh- 
bourhood came near to watch the engagement on both sides. The 
cannons that were within were fired on them, having been charged full 
with musket balls, and a dreadful havoc was made among them, that 
is, among the people on the other side of the river, to the north. 

The commander of the fort now consulted with his officers on the 
propriety of giving the besiegers battle. They approved of the pro- 
posal, and the soldiers were accordingly sent out under the command of 
two officers. They marched forward alongside of the sconce, and a 
fire was immediately begun on both sides. They then drew their 
swords and long knives (^-^eAUA), and, falling on the enemy, wounded 
and stabbed them in all directions. The Scotch at length gave way : 
the Sergeant-Major, the three Captains, and all the other officers were 
killed. They fled into the bog, and here it was not a matter of in- 
difference to the Clann Maolin (ctAnn iiu\oitin)'^^ who should be fore- 
most. One of them put forward his musket, and had not raised the 
butt end of it when he was shot in the shoulder blade by the man 
who was behind him, and tumbled head foremost into the bog. It is 
the opinion of those who saw them that twenty men did not escape 
out of the 300 who marched against the Castle. On that day were 
killed Donald M'Vittie and Magnus O'Corra, an officer, two of the 
best soldiers in both armies. Leave was granted in the evening to 
bury their dead. 

Sir Robert Stewart, Sir William Cole, and Sergeant-Major Waring 
encamped alongside the Castle and river in the fields. Their forces 
amounted to 4,500 men, and they remained in this camp eight weeks. 
During this period they lost 1,000 men all but three, while the com- 
mander of the Castle only lost, between officers and soldiers, eight 
men. 

General Owen despatched letters of truce to the Governor of 
Charlemont (^dcA-o An -oa ca|\a-6) and to Robert Monroe, stipulating 
that they should evacuate the country and retire into the towns. The 
Scotch (in consequence of this treaty) retired to Trian Congail (U]AiAn 
con^Ail), bringing with them all the grain they could find in the 
country. Monroe also departed. The Creaghts now, with the General, 
set off for Tyrone. Garrisons were left by the Scotch in Dungannon, 
Mountjoy, Arboe (a]\-o bo), and Moneymore. The people gathered 
into the country after the departure of the Scotch, and some ploughing 
was done, each man a little for himself. They remained there 
unmolested till summer. 

153. Bawn, i.e., a walled enclosure, usually with towers at the angles. Within it was the 
residence. On Bawns, see Alfred Lee's interesting Notes in the Ulster Journal of Archaology, 
vi. pp. 125-135. Dalway's Bawn at Bellahill, near Carrickfergus, is a typical example. — J. S. 

154. It seems strange that a "sconce," which was a small fort, should be described as " the 
wall of an orchard." Perhaps there is something omitted. — J. S. 

155. The family of Malone, near Clonmacnoise, Co. Westmeath. — J. W. H, 



228 Old Belfast. 



156 



Feb. 12, 1644. Robert Monroe gave up possession of Dungannon and Mountjoy 
to Lord Chichester, who came and garrisoned them. Monroe was 
going at the time to /^^ but afterwards remained, and he 

then regretted having given these places up, since he was remaining 
himself 

May 8, 1644. A written order arrived from the General to the Creaghts, to travel 

night and day till they came to the County Armagh. The Friars of 
Armagh came to the Fews (-peA-oA) with the Guardian, Paul O'Neill. 
Thence they went to Iniskeen (1ni]' cAom). 

May 14, 1644. Colonel Monroe went to Belfast (beul yei]\]xe) and obliged Lord 
Chichester to leave the town.^^^ His Lordship set off along with his 
son, Captain Chichester, for Dublin, and nothing with them but their 
horses. 

May 23. 1644, The General, with the cavalry and infantry, came to Lurgan-boy 
(Luji^Ain btn-oi). All the Creaghts went to Farney ('peA]\nitiAi5), 
to Clonkee (Clomn [ait] Caoic), and Armaghbreag^^'' ('A]\'omACA 
b]iei5e). 

May 30, 1644. Sir Felim stayed in Charlemont (\\ca-6 ait -oa cApA-o) with a 
garrison of considerable strength. . . . delivered up Dungannon 
to him, and he immediately placed a garrison of his own there. 

A Commissary, namely, Thomas M'Tiernan,"" the companion of 
Donoghy Mor O'Daly, came to the Friars in the Parish of Donagh- 
cloney COoiimAc CliiAnA). Thence he went to the Parish of 
Donaghmoyne^"^ (-oortinAi^ niAi^en), and then westwards to Armagh- 
breague (^Xjrom ACAbjieige), to the Creaghts at Kells (CeAnnAncu]^), and 
to Navan (llAiiii), to Ardbraccan^®" (\\]\-o iDneACAin), and Port Lester 
(po]\c LeA]^rAi]\). 

July 2, 1644. A Nuncio arrived at Kilkenny from the Pope,^"^ and a message 

came to Sir Felim from the Council, desiring him to leave Charlemont 
(\\cA-6 An -OA cA|\A-6) and to join the army. After setting fire to 
Dungannon fort he went to Port Lester (po]\u LeA]XAi]\), where the 
General was. 

156. See Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 488. — J. S. 

157. Scotland.— J. W. H. 

158. See Reid, ii. p. 471. — J. W. H. 

159. Armagh breague is in the Parish of Lisnadill, Barony of Upper Fews, County 
Armagh.— J. W. H. 

[Lurganboy is a townland in Co. Tyrone : Farney, a barony in the south of Co. Monaghan : 
Clonkee, a barony in the east of Co. Cavan. — J. S.] 

160. MacTiernan, now Kiernan. — J. O'D. 

[1 he Mac Tiernans were settled in Tullyhunco Barony, Co. Cavan. That bitter satirist, 
.(Fnghus O'Daly, describes them as starvelings, and absurdly states that their fathers, mothers, 

sons, daughters, horses, hounds, and cats were all blind. — CAOC ! See his Tribes of Ireland, 

pp. 52, 53.— J. S.] 

161. This is unquestionably the Parish of Donagh, in the County Monaghan, in which lies 
the town of Glasslough. — J. W. H. 

162. Ardbraccan, in Co. Meath. St. Braccan is said to have erected a religious house here. 
Ardbraccan had a strong castle, which was the residence of the Bishops of Meath in former times. 
(See the Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland, i. 50.) — J. S. 

163. This was Father Scarampo. (See Moran's Memoirs of Oliver Plunket, p. 4.)— J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 229 

On Saint John's Eve/'' 1602, O'Neill burnt Dungannon at the hour 
of retiring to bed. 

On Saint John's Eve, 1644, Sir Felim burnt it at the same hour. 

The Earl of Castlehaven arrived from Dublin unknown to the 
Sassenaghs, for he was a Catholic, and joined the Irish, who welcomed 
him joyfully. The Council of Kilkenny sent, under his command, 
2,000 foot and six troops of horse to the assistance of the General of 
Ulster against the Scotchmen : and they reached the place in the 
County Meath where Owen O'Neill and the Creaghts were. The 
Earl was informed of the enemy's movements : that all the Scotch, 
English, and such Irish as had received quarter from them in the 
province, were assembled in one body in order to banish the Irish 
natives completely ; that they were now in Longford, and had burnt 
it, together with Granard and Ballyleague^''^ (bel ac Iaoj) ; that their 
number amounted to 19,000 men, and that they were now advancing 
to Finae (Vio-6 An aca)."® 

The General and the Little EarP'' sent three troops of horse and Aug. 5, 1644. 
200 foot soldiers to guard the bridge of Finae (po-o An aca), com- 
manded by Brian O'Neill M'Quin M'Art iuia-6 (the red-haired), son of 
Ferdinand"^^ (inAc ah fi]rao]ACA). The Scotch advanced to the 
guarded roads and succeeded in forcing their way. However, in the 
contest, Captain Graham and eight of his relations were killed. On 
the other side, Brian O'Neill was wounded and two of his troopers 
slain, and Gerald 5A]\b (the rough), from Meath, was also killed. 

Finae (po-o An aca) was the Earl of Meath's town. 

These forces proceeded to Kells (CeAnAiit)U|^), to Navan (llAiiii), 
and to Ardee (ac y^]\ -oiAt)), and, separating from each other at 
Dundalk (-oeAljAin), part went to Trian Congail (cjMAn congAil), to the 
O'Kanes' country''" (CACAnAcc), to Tyrconnell, to Enniskillen, to 
Drogheda, and to Dundalk (f^A-o li)Aile). At this time the M'Garrys 

164. St. John's Eve, 23rd June. This event is not recorded by the Four Masters.—}. S. 

165. Ballyleague, Parish of Clunturkert, Co. Roscommon. — J. W. H. 

The raid made by Colonel Monroe at this juncture is fully described in a rare Commonwealth 
tract in the Editor's possession, entitled, " A Full Relation of the Late Expedition of the Right 
Honourable the Lord Monroe, &c." London: August 27, 1644. It concludes asfollows :— "After 
the writing hereof, advertisement come unto Mr. Major Rawden, that intelligence is this 23 of 
July. 1644, come unto him that the Irish Army, consisting of 15,000 horse and foot, are upon 
their march onwards, and as far advanced as Dundalk." — Editor. 

166. y:\o-b An AUA.— J. O'D. 

167. Castlehaven, called " Little," in contradistinction to the Earl (created Marquis) of 
Antrim. There was great competition, about this period, between Castlehaven and Antrmi m 
reference to the supreme command. (See Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 496.)— J. S. 

168. Ferdoragh. — J. S. 

169. Barony of Keenaght, Co. Derry, originally held by the O'Conors, who were driven 
out by the O'Kanes before the Norman invasion. Keenaght is called Cianachta " of the 
abundant store," O ChlAn-QACCA in C]AOTn choCATO in ihe Leabhar na g-Ceart, or Book 
of Rights, p. 122. ^nghus O'Daly ( Tribes of Ireland, pp. 56, 57) slanders the O'Kanes as— 

The O'Cahans of the ignoble deeds, 
Eirin's idlers — I will satirize. 

Cacahaij nA 5-ceiineAnn Ia5 
S^pACAnAig eipeAnn ao|\].-a-o.— J. S. 



230 Old Belfast. 

(iiniinri|\ ca]\]u\c <mi eA]'iv\), who were all fishermen, were killed at the 
waterfall, Carrickaness^'" (ait cAf^-A), near Maydown (niA-6 An -ouin). 

The General and the Little Earl'" marched in pursuit of the 
enemy, and brought the Creaghts along with them to Tyrone, that is, 
to Portmore.^'^ Their forces amounted to 7,000 foot and 1,000 horse. 
The garrison of Charlemont (a.\ca-6 An -oa ca]\at)) refused to sur- 
render the town to the army of the kingdom until they should know 
the will of Sir Felim, who was then in Kilkenny. Finding they could 
not take the place, they proceeded to Tandragee, and there erected 
their tents and booths. The General was informed that some of the 
enemy were at Dromore Iveagh ('0]\unii in6|\ ib eA-oAc). The Earl, 
with a large detachment, marched towards them on Saint Clare's 
day,^^^ and, attacking them, killed upwards of 200 men, between horse 
and foot, and took Captain Blair^"'* prisoner. They returned the same 
day. Letters arrived from the Council, and from Sir Felim, authorising 
them to give up Charlemont (^ca-6 ah -oa cai\a-6) to the King's Army. 
The troops left Tandragee and came to Dunavally^"* (-oun -oa IdaIIa), 
where they erected tents, booths, and scaffolding. General Owen was 
seized with fever, by which he was detained here. 

Aug. 15, 1644. The enemy approached near Armagh: and sent .... to 
plunder Toaghie^'*' (Uuac IIacai-6) and Lisnafeedy^"^ (^\c peA-oA). They 
fell upon the rere of the Creaghts, and carried off Kathleen Hovenden, 
the wife of Turlogh O'Neill. They brought her with them, together 
with the horses loaded with baggage. 

Aug. 19,1644. Soldiers were sent to guard the ford of the Blackwater river (AdiA 
nA liAbAnn -oiiibe), between the Creaghts and the enemy. Captain 
Davis went without orders to reconnoitre the enemy: he was wounded 
and taken prisoner, and some of his troop were killed, 

170. Carrickaness lies opposite Benburb on the County Armagh side. It adjoins May- 
down. — J. W. H. 

171. Castlehaven. — J. S. 

172. Portmore, now Blackwatertown. — J. W. H. There are the remains of a crannoge 
here, as Mr. J. O'Neill, C.E. , informs me. — Editor. 

173. St. Clare's day, 12th August. — J. S. 

174. Captain Blair taken prisoner, 12th August. Reid (i. p. 475).— J. W. H. 

[Carte {Ormonde, i. p. 515) states that the Earl of Castlehaven lost only six or eight men on 
this occasion, with some few wounded. — J. S.] 

175. The townland " Corr and Dunavally " adjoins Charlemont. In it is a moated rath 
called Leaguer Hill, now converted into a burying-ground, and from which Colonel Callimot 
beleaguered Charlemont in 1690. — J. W. H. 

The fortifications of Charlemont are well shown in Tindal's Continuation of Rapin's History: 
London, 1744. On the same sheet is the Map of Belfast reproduced on p. 80, Town Book 
of Belfast. — Editor. 

176. The territory of "Toaghie" is now known as the name of a manor in the Parish of 
Derrynoose or Madden. It comprised the town of Keady, and is situate in the Baronies of 
Armagh and Tureny, in the Co. Armagh. In 1609 these lands were found by Inquisition to be 
held by Sir Henry M'Tirlagh O'Neale, Knt., his ancestors being seized by virtue of a gift from 
the Archbishop of Armagh. — J. W. H. 

177. Lisnafeedy is a townland in the district, Parish of Eglish, Barony of Tureny, County 
Armagh.— J. W. H. 

[It takes its name from l/IO]', a fort, and ■peAT) or 'J.'I'O, whistling — the "fort of the 
whistling;" in allusion to the fairy music said to have been heard there. Several places in 
Ireland owe their names to a similar circumstance. See Joyce's Origin and History of Irish 
Names of Places, i. p. 192. — J. S.] 



Narrative of the Wars of 164 i. 231 

Henry O'Neill M'Tuathal was sent to the top of Claneboy Aug. 20, 1644. 
(ctAnn Ao-oA bui-oi) to waste the country about the mouth of the Stran- 
millis'''* (]^HiicAin linli]^), and he carried off a great many cows and 
other booty. 

Robert Monroe and Lieutenant- General Earl Leslie^"^ are at 
Armagh with 14,000 men, in opposition to the Irish, of whom there 
were 7,000 in Dunavally ("Oun x)a bAtlA). 

Turlogh Og O'Neill came to an agreement with Colonel to 

collect the Creaghts between Dungannon and Charlemont (^ca-6 ati 
-OA cA]\A-6), and threatening with the penalty of hanging any one who 
disobeyed the order. When the Creaghts were assembled, four or 
five thousand cows were set apart for the Earl of Castlehaven and his 
men. This flesh meat, however, on account of their scanty supply of 
bread, injured their health.'^" They were attacked by sickness, trouble 
(c]\eAli)tAOTo),^®^ and the flux, which carried off a thousand men.^^* 

Sir Felim's people, together with Colonel Sandford, Rory Maguire, Sept. i, 1644. 
and the people of Oriel (Oi]\5iaII), marched against Enniskillen, 
whence they carried off 204 cows. 

A party of the enemy went from Armagh to the Fews (Vio-6) and 
killed Shane O'Connellan, a Priest of the country ; they carried off 
plunder along with them. 

Another detachment from the enemy, under a Colonel named 
n'Rodin,^**^ crossed the Blackwater by night at the mouth of 
Aghakip^'^'* (bel auIi cip) into Munter Byrne (11Uiinri|\ bi]\n). There 

178. " Stran-millis" was in the district of Malone, adjoining Belfast, on which was erected a 
castle by Sir Moses Hill, the ancestor of the Marquis of Downshire. — J. W. H. 

["Stranmillis" comes from r]\lirAn, a streamlet, and miLir, sweet, pleasant. — J. S.] 
(See present volume, p. 117, for a full account of it by W. Pinkerton, F.S.A. — Editor.) 

179. General Leslie was not made Earl Leslie, but Earl of Leven. See Malcolm Laing's 
History of Scotland, iii. p. 221. He was illegitimate and illiterate, and is said never to have got 
beyond the letter G in the alphabet. See Hill's Macdonnells of Antrim, p. 60. — J. S. 

180. The British Officer {Irish Warr of 1641, p. 35) states that in consequence of the 
Scotch and English forces having reaped the fields, the Irish " were necessitated to buy their own 
Grain at dear Rates from the Scottish or British, or want it." The enemy experienced a want of 
what the Irish had in superabundance — flesh meat. "We," he says, "had Bread enough, but 
Cows and Butter was scarce amongst us." — J. S. 

181. U]teAbLACC, trouble, languor, weakness. — J. S. 

182. The British Officer, who mentions the Irish loss from having to eat flesh without bread 
or salt {Irish Warr of 1641, p. 41), censures Castlehaven for marching into "a waste Country, as 
the County of Ardmagh, Dunderagee, and Charlemount, and not to the planted Countries where 
his Enemies lay dispersed in their Quarters, &c." Owen Roe was much blamed as Castlehaven's 
counsellor. " They said his Ambition was the cause solely, for that he was not well satisfied he 
had not the Command of the Army to himself— considering himself not to be the worst soldier, 
with which several old Soldiers does (!) acquiesce." — J. S. For Boate's account of " Leaguer 
Sickness," see Town Book of Belfast, p. 315. — Editor. 

183. Qu. George Rawdon, who was a Major in Colonel Hill's regiment of horse. Reid, 
i. p. 488, and Montgomery MSS., p. 163. — J. W. H. See present volume, p. 124, for account 
of G. Rawdon. — Editor. 

184. Inqn. at Dungannon in the reign of Chas. I., No. 50, Wm. Lord Charlemont was 
found seized, inter alia, of Clonarbe, Lisserdorcloon, Kenigmore, Aghakippa, and Knockroe, 
which are called by the name of the Grange, Clonarbe. There is a stone cross still remaining 
here, probably erected by the Monks of St. Peter and Paul, Armagh, to whom the Grange 
originally belonged. Another /«y«. , sped at Armagh, Sept., 1614, gives Guy-bealakipp river as 
one of the boundaries, and the Blackwater as another, of this Grange, which Hes between Caledon 
and Benburb.— J. W. H. 



232 Old Belfast. 

were five troops of them. They saw a number of cavalry near them, 
which were the Irish retreating from them. However, a skirmish took 
place, in which Con O'Neill M'Neill M'Art Og was killed, and Art 
O'Neill M'Turlogh M'Henry Na Garthan (nA gApcAnn) was taken 
prisoner and received quarter : but he was murdered, through revenge, 
by the son of Lieutenant Graham, at the north side of the Lough of 
Knocknacloy (Log cinnc a cUnce).^^^ Alexander Hovenden was slain 
between that and the Oona-water (^bAnn ha Iuiha). They killed 
likewise 12 men of the Creaghts, and carried a great deal of booty 
away with them. 

Lewis O'More, a man from Leinster, and some of Castlehaven's 
horsemen who saw the murder committed, followed the marauders, 
along with Turlogh O'Neill, son of the murdered man : they killed 
eight and took prisoners five of the enemy. 

The enemy came^*" and took 16 horses from the Earl's guard. 
They also carried off three or four captives, and they left a certain 
officer stark naked except his boots. 

Whenever the Earl of Castlehaven's men were sent out to plunder, 
they would scarcely go half way, when they would turn back to their 
own camp through fear and cowardice, without having done the least 
service. 

About this time the Garrison of Mountjoy came in search of 
plunder to Clanaghrie^*" (clAiin eAC]\e), and were successful, but Felim 
of the Wars (au co^aiij) O'Neill took it from them and killed 12 of 
them. 
Sept. 13, 1644. As the Earl of Castlehaven perceived that his men were retro- 
grading daily, falling into sickness and weakness, cowardice and 
death, he resolved to depart to the provinces of Leinster and Munster, 
and this determination was put in execution.^^^ Owen O'Neill offered 
to supply 300 cows and 700 barrels of corn if they would stay two 
nights more in the camp : but it was only like tying sand with twigs 
to ask that of them. The General sent orders to the Chiefs of the 
Creaghts to withdraw to Sliabh Beagh and to Truagh (Ujuoca). 

In the evening, powder and ball were given to the soldiers. They 
pretended to be drawing faggots to Kishabuoy^**" (ceA]^Ac biime), as if 
they were about to attack the enemy that very night. The enemy's 

185. Knocknacloy is in the extreme south of the Parish of Clonfecle, Co. Tyrone, lying in 
the fork where the river Oona empties itself into the Blackwater. — J. W. H. 

186. The enemy came, &c. ? — J. O'D. 

187. Clanaghrie was a district in Tyrone, bordering the S.E. of Lough Neagh, containing 
the present Parish of Clonoe. — J. W. H. 

[Pynnar's S/r>-7'ev of Ulster, 1618-19, says:— "Sir Francis Ansby, Kt., hath four hundred and 
eighty acres called Clanaghrie." See Harris's Hibernica, p. 210.— J. S.] 

188. The British Officer [Irish IVarr 0/1641, pp. 40, 41) says :— " At this rate Castlehaven 
was all this time, having at last no provision left, nor no supply suffered to come to him from 
Leinster or Conaught by our Army, was glad to eat Flesh without Bread or Salt, which so gave 
the Lax to his men that they were dying, till at last necessity made them stale away in night 
time, and so they escaped to Leinster and Munster." — J. S. 

189. Kishabuoy was a marsh at the end of Charlemont leading to Loughgall. It is still so 
called.— J. W. H. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 233 

scouts perceived all this, and gave warning to Monroe. His people 
were much terrified at the tidings. They resolved to send a detach- 
ment to Tandragee with their baggage-waggons, and to remain them- 
selves to guard the horses and arms. But matters were worse than 
this (as it turned out), for it was our own people who were flying. 

The General and the Earl, in the darkness of the night, marched Sept. 14,1644. 
with their forces over the bridge of Charlemont (^\cAt) ah -oa ca]\a-6) 
to Benburb, Glasslough, through Oriel (Oi]\5iaU), and to Ballyna- 
cloch'"" (bAile iiA 5-cloc). They got from Philip O'Reilly and the 
Chief of the O'Reillys 200 cows.^''^ From thence they proceeded to 
Ballyhayes (beAl AdiA hAi]-), through Breffny, and westwards : and on 
Good Friday they took^^^ the province of Ulster. 

As for Monroe, he remained in the camp five weeks. Being 
assured that the Irish army had left the country, he sent messengers 
to the top of Sliabh na Maol (]^liAb ita niAol), near Brantry, to examine 
all the country round. They returned with the certain assurance that 
all the army and the Creaghts had departed. Ballyveagh''*^ (bAile ha 
inbiAUAc) was burned. Monro marched to Tynan (UAoinen),'"^ and October, 1644. 
there encamped. They then gathered in all the corn they could seize 
to the distance of twelve miles round the camp. Here they stayed 
till the Festival of Saint Matthew the Evangelist.''" 

After this the army separated, part going to Tyrconnell,"** to the 
O'Kanes' country,'"" and to the Route :'^^ while Monro himself with 



190. Sir Bryan M'Mahon, Kt., was seized, inter alia, of an annual rent of ^13 6s. 8d., 
payable out of the ballybetagh of Balleneclogh, also Ballysatrossan, in the Barony of Dartry and 
Co. Monaghan. [Inquisition, taken at Monaghan, 29 Oct., 1624.) — J. W. H. 

[The ballybetagh (bAile blACAC, a victualler's town) was the largest measure of land, 
" and generally contained four quarters, which, being very variable in their extent, there was no 
fixed standard for their complex . . .In the County of Monaghan this denomination 
generally contained 16 tates. . . . The Tate, or Tath, or Tagh, varied from 10 to 60 acres." 
^ee Primate Cotton's IHsitation, p. 130.^ — J. S.] 

191. The O'Reillys were the chiefs of East Breffny, or Co. Cavan. (See a long note in 
QoviXi€Ci2iTis Four Masters, p. 76; also p. 159.) — ^J. S. 

192. Took? left.—]. W. H. 

[In 1644, Easter Sunday fell on 21st April. Good Friday, therefore, was the 19th. See 
Bond's Handy Book for Verifying Dates, p. 274. — J. S.] 

193. Ballyveagh, near Tynan. — J. W. H. 

194. By the Four Masters (ii. p. 900) Tynan is called Uui'Oni'OA, It is also written 

UuijneAtA.— J. S. 

195. St. Matthew's Festival, i.e., 21st September. — J. S. 

196. O'Donnell's country, Co. Donegal. — J. S. 

197. The whole country from the Foyle to the Bann got the name of Patria de O'Kane. 
(See Primate Cotton s Visitation , p. 28.) — J. S. 

198. This extensive territory in Co. Antrim belonged to the M'Quillins (meg tll^llm 
All 1lurA) from the time of the Norman invasion till they were dispossessed by Sorley Boy 
MacDonnell, who took forcible possession of the Route about 1554, establishing himself in 
M'Quillin's fortress of Dunluce. The M'Quillins were Welsh adventurers who came over with 
the Normans. Their name is believed to be a corruption of Llewellyn. (See Reeves's Ecclesiastical 
Antiquities of Down, Connor, and Dromore, pp. 326-329.) In 1541 the chief of the M'Quillins 
declared that no captain of his race ' ' ever died in his bed sith the first conqueste of their saide 
lande." (See The Description of Ireland in i^gS, p. 17.) — J. S. 



234 Old Belfast. 

his forces retired to Armagh, then eastward to Glenree"''' (^leAnn juje), 
and over Dromore^°° COjiiiiiii nunte cob a). Then they separated, re- 
tiring into the different garrisons throughout Dalaradia ("OaI nA]\Ai je) 
and Dalriada, etc. 

Monro sent orders to the Mountjoy garrison to burn that town, 
and then to march immediately to Carrickfergus. He sent at this 
time five or six thousand soldiers over to Scotland against the army 
of King Charles. The battle was gained by the King, 7,000 men 
were killed, and the Earl of Auchinbreck, with several other leaders, 
was beheaded.""' 

All the country across from the Bann-foot (bon bAnnA) to the 
gates of Dundalk (i'^at) bAile), and from the great Cairn of Sliabh 
Beagh to Torrey (Uontn^) in the north, presented a wonderfully 
deserted appearance. Only eight persons were at Lough [LearyP"" 
(Loc t/Aojune), and eight more at Loughinsholin""^ (loc ini]^ o tuin). 
The Earl, on his leaving the country, had appointed the son of Thomas 
Gerald as Governor of Charlemont, and Captain White ("Paoici) from 
Limerick, with 1 50 soldiers, were placed there as a garrison. The 
Earl sent five troops of horse to bring the cannons and other baggage 
which he had left in Charlemont, over to him in Breffny. One of the 
troopers said that he would rather suffer himself to be shot, than come 
to Ulster in that convoy. 

Towards the end of the autumn, when the corn was all shed, or 
burnt, and the houses destroyed, some of the Creaghts ventured to 
return to the country ; particularly the M'Kennas""* (111. cionAiu), 
namely Niall, of the race of Hugh, came to the Fews (An]:eA-6A), Tur- 
logh O'Neill M'Brian to Tureny'"' (cuac q\enA), Patrick Modartha 

199. Glenree, the valley of the Newry river. — J. W. H. 

[It extended northwards, beyond Scarva, in the parish of Aghaderg, and was the western 
limit of Ulidia after 332, when Fergus Fogha, King of Ulster, was slain in battle, and the 
Ultonians driven eastwards by the Collas. (See Reeves's Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down, 
Connor, and Dromore, p. 253.) O'Donovan mentions an old map of Ulster, in which the Newry 
river is called Owen Glayireejluvius. See the Leabkarna g-Ccart, or Book of Rights, p. 37. — J. S.] 

200. 111 A't CobA was a district in Iveagh, Co. Down. (See the Leabharna g-Ceart, or 
Book of Rights, p. 166 ; Haliday's Irish and English Keating, i. p. 318 ; Reeves's Ecclesiastical 
A?itiquities of Down, Connor, ajid Dromore, p. 112.) — J. S. 

201. By the " Earl of Auchinbreck " is meant Sir Duncan Campbell of Auchinbreck. He 
was not executed, as apparently implied by O'Mellan, but was slain at the battle of Inverlochy, 
2nd February (1644-45). "There Achenbracke was killed, with 16 or 17 of the chief lords of 
Campbell ; their other lowland commanders (only two lieutenant-colonels) all cut off." See 
Colonel James Macdonnell's Intelligence from His Majesty's Army in Scotland, to be presented to 
the most honourable the lord lieutenant of Ireland, in Hill's Macdonnclls of Antrim, p. 92. 
Auchinbreck fell by the hand of Major-General Alaster MacColl, " who, by one blow of a two- 
handed claymore, swept off his head and helmet together." See Grant's Memoirs of Montrose, 
p. 222. This may be what O'Mellan alludes to when he says Auchinbreck was " beheaded." — 
J. S. 

202. Lough Leary, in Baron's Court demesne. — J. 'W. H. 

203. Loughinisholin. (See Deserimartin in Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 
i. p. 456).-]. W. H. 

204. The ctAlin ClonAir ah r]\niCA were settled in the Barony of Trough, Co. 
Monaghan. A branch of the family removed to the parish of Maghera, Co. Deny, in the 
seventeenth century. (See the Four blasters, iii. p. 533, iv. p. 906.)— J. S. 

205. The Barony of Tureny, in the north-west part of the Co. Armagh. — J. W. H. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 235 

O'Donnelly, i.e., the gloomy (nio-oA]roA) to Ballydonnelly,^"" and many 
others. 

The Friars of Armagh came to Brantry. Our Guardian went to 
Montiaghs,'"" [Multifarnham ?] (Illoinre pAiiAniiAii), Father Henry 
O'Mellan, Daniel a Sancta Maria Cahill, Bonaventura Quin, Owen 
O'Loughran (o LAocr]\en), Thomas CAlAm (?), and Edward Dowdall to 
different other places. Our President, Patrick O'Cosy (o Coi]^i), and 
eleven other friars along with him, and also Teague O'Loughran, 
settled at Brantry. 

A flying rumour came that the Creaghts had fled from the Counties January, 1645. 
of Tyrone, Armagh, and Monaghan westward to .-"* The 

Friars of Armagh immediately fled to the Fews (a ycA-oA) and thence 
to Clonkee. A party from Lisnegarvey came to scour the country, 
but they found none in the country except the people of the quarter. 
They took away from Captain Trevor 140 cows, and it is said that it 
was the Captain himself who sold the cows to the English. 

Names of chief personages. The Pope is Innocent the Tenth f'^ the 
King, Charles ; the Commander in Dublin, the Earl of Ormond j'^" 
General of Ulster, Owen O'Neill ; President of the Kilkenny Council, 
Lord Butler f^^ General of the South (Leic iiio-oa), Thomas Preston ;'^'^ 
Primate of All Ireland, Hugh O'Reilly ;-^^ and the Provincial of the 
Order of Saint Francis, Brian M'Giolla Kenna from Connaught 
(ConAccAc). 

A party from Brefifny, from Oriel (Oiji^iAllAib) and from Ferman- 
agh (niAncAib) went off to plunder Enniskillen. They remained two 
nights on the watch, and seized some booty, but they were forced 
to give it up again. There were 220 men of the party killed. Mulmurry 
O'Reilly-^^ was wounded, and his horse taken. Five of their gentle- 
men were made prisoners, and were afterwards ransomed for 600 
barrels of meal, 60 barrels of seed oats, and 60 pounds of money. 

206. Ballydonnelly, now Castlecaulfield, Co. Tyrone, about two miles from Dun- 
gannon. — J. W. H. 

[Pynnar's Survey of Ulster, 1618-19, says : — ''Sir Toby Catifield hath one thousand Acres 
csiW&d Ballidon?2ell, &c." See Harris's Hibernica, p. 209. — J. S.] 

207. The District of the Montiaghs lies beside Lurgan, to the south of Lough Neagh. — ^J.W.H. 
[Montiaghs, j.^., moinceACA, bogs, mosses. — J. S.] 

208. Query, Breffny.— J. W. H. 

209. Innocent the Tenth (Gian Battista Panfili) succeeded Urban the Eighth (the Pontiff 
previously named in this narrative) in 1644. — J. S. 

210. Commander in Dublin, i.e., Lord Lieutenant. Ormonde was sworn in as Lord Lieu- 
tenant in Christ Church on 21st January, 1644. (See CuiTy's Review of the Civil Wars of Ireland, 
p. 260; also the British Officer's Irish Warr of 1641, p. 35.)— J- S. 

211. Lord Butler, i.e.. Lord Mountgarret. (See Meehan's Confederation of Kilkenny, 
p. 2S.)-J. S. 

212. Sir Phelim O'Neill's father-in-law, General Preston, received ;,f6oo per annum for his 
services, according to Geoffrey B,2LTons Booke of Accomptes, given as an Appendix to Meehan's 
Rise and Fall of the Irish Fra?iciscan Alonasferies, p. 320. — J. S. 

213. Dr. O'Reilly, the Catholic Primate, was translated from Kilmore to Armagh circa 1628. 
He died 7th July, 1651. (See Renehan's Collections on Irish Church History, i. pp. 33, 47.)— J. S. 

214. Mulmurry O'Reilly, i.e., Myles. — J. O'D. 

[Avery common name among the ancient O'Reillys of Co. Cavan. It means " the servant (or 
tonsured) of Mary." The tribe name of the O'Reillys was 111 umC1]t 111 Aotl110]\-6A.— J. S.] 



236 Old Belfast. 

March;, 1645. The O'Hagans burnt O'Lyn's Island (Ini]^ 1 Itiinn) for want of 
provisions, and followed the General westwards. A detachment came 
out of Enniskillen which plundered Hugh and James bin-oe (the 
yellow) O'Donnelly, Donnel Jl^i^i^^ni^^"'^ M'Connell, and the daughter 
of Cooey bAllAc"^'' M'Ristard O'Kane. They lost more than 200 
cows. 

The Archbishop of Fermo,-^' that is, the Apostolic Nuncio, arrived 
in Ireland from Pope Innocent the Tenth, with gold, silver, and arms. 
He advised the Irish not to make peace with the English, unless upon 
condition that they should have complete liberty of conscience, and 
that the lands should be restored to the Catholic Church. 

May 2, 1645. Sir Felim, with 150 men, came by authority of the Council of 

Kilkenny to place garrisons in Dungannon and Mountjoy. He 

May 27, 1645. arrived in Charlemont at Whitsuntide. Upon the third day, he 
ascended to the top of the Castle and said that the enemy were 
approaching. He then went to the gate, and called out to his own 
people who were outside to come within the gate and defend the town. 
They accordingly entered. However, Philip ]\iu\t) (the red-haired) 
O'Reilly, the Governor, was not in the town, and therefore Sir Felim's 
men were again obliged to go outside the gate, and provisions were 
given them sufficient to support them as far as Breffny.-^* 

Seventeen of the enemy fell into the hands of Sir Felim's men. 
Nine of them were hanged, and a ransom taken for the rest. On the 
same day they got 1 5 horses."" 

Aug. 14, 1645. O" one occasion it happened, while Sir Felim was in Charlemont, 
that a Kern (Ceicio]\nAc), named Lowry, had brought from Monro five 
troops of horse and four companies of soldiers, watching an oppor- 
tunity of surprising the town. Accordingly, about tjie end of the 

215. 5|^UAinA, the grim.— J. S. 

216. iDAitAC, the freckled.— J. S. 

217. Archbishop of Fernio. This was Rinuccini, the Nuncio, but he was only Bishop of 
Fermo.— J. W. H. 

[Mr. Hanna is mistaken. Rinuccini was Archbishop of Fermo. This See was created 
an Archbishopric by a bull of Pope Sixtus the Fifth, dated 12th May, 1589. "Con sua 
bolla del 12 inaggio deW anno i^Sg, che comincia Universis orbis ecclesiis, innalzava al grado 
arcivescovile questa Chiesa, &'c." (See the Abbate D'Avino's Enciclopedia dell' Ecclesiastico, 
article Feryno, ii. p. 174, ) Gian Battista Rinuccini ruled the archiepiscopal diocese of Fermo from 
1625 till 1654. He attaches his name to the Excommunication against those who adhered to the 
peace, 15th Oct., 1646, ^.s Johannes Baptista Archi-Eplscopus Fermanus, Niincius Apostolicus, &c. 
(See Clarendon's History of the Rebellion in Ireland, p. 33.) There is seemingly some disarrange- 
ment in O'Mellan's MS. at this place. Rinuccini did not reach Ireland till 22nd October, 1645. 
He arrived in Paris, 22nd May, remaining there till 30th August, when he set out for Rochelle. He 
embarked at St. Martin's, i6th October, and reached " Killmair" [Kenmare] on the 22nd. (See 
Carte's Ormonde, i. pp. 559, 561. See also Smith's Kerry, p. 313, where the date of his arrival is 
erroneously given as 27th Oct., but is correctly stated in the same author's Cork, ii. p. 155. See 
also Renehan's Collections, i. p. 46, and Meehan's Confederation of Kilkenny, p. 133.) A very 
interesting account of the Irish, as they appeared to Italian eyes, occurs in the letter written after 
the landing by Massari, Dean of Fermo, to the Nuncio's brother, to be found in Latin and 
Italian in Meehan's Me7noirs of the Irish Hierarchy in the Seventeenth Century, Appendix, pp. 463- 
475, and in an English translation in Moran's Perseciitions of the Irish Catholics, pp. 449-63. — 
J. S.] 

2i8. Breffny embraced the present counties of Cavan and Leitrim. It was held by the 
O'Reillys and the O'Rourkes, and their correlatives. (See a long note in Connellan's Four Masters, 

pp. 75-78. )-J- s. 

219. For July and part of August. See p. 237. — J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 237 

night, they attacked the gate and fired a shower of bullets, so that eight 
men were killed and a number wounded. 

General Monro came with a large force from Trian Congail (UjMAn Aug. 24, 1645, 
con^Ait) to Armagh and to Portmore"'^" (pone ii-io]\). He sent a 
messenger to Sir Felim commanding him to surrender the town. Sir 
Felim's answer was that " he would sooner kill himself with his own 
hand than betray his trust so meanly ; and that if he wished for fight- 
ing he should have it." 

Monro went off to Glasslough and to Monaghan. The Scotch 
from Tyrconnell now held a consultation what they should do. " Let 
us," they said, " send reinforcements to our garrison towns in the 
province of Connaught." They did so, and the remainder of their 
forces returned to Tyrconnell and to Trian Congail (U]\iAn Con^Ait). 

We were fourteen days between the Festival of Saint Francis and 
that of Capistranus*-' without beholding the sun or the stars all that 
time, and had frost every day. 

A boat belonging to the Governor of Massareene was captured by Sept. 15, 1645, 
Sir Felim, in which were two brass cannon, ten muskets, twelve 
barrels of salted fish, some sailors, and a company of soldiers. They 
brought it to the mouth of the river at Charlemont. Some of the men 
were hanged and some redeemed. 

General Monro^" marched from Trian Congail (U]iiAn C0115A1I) to July 15, 1645. 
Armagh, to Sliabh na Maol (fliAb nA iiiaoI), to Clogher, and Ennis- 
killen. They burned and plundered all the country on their way, as 
far as Tober-bride,""^ in Connaught. O'Connor surrendered Sligo to 
them, and they left there a strong garrison. 

The great fort of Lismore (t.io]^ mon) was taken by the Earl of 
Castlehaven : he took the town from the O'Briens, Magnus O'Kane 
was slain, that is. Captain M'Cooey the freckled (bAllAc) M'Ristard. 
They also took nine garrison places from the Baron of Inchiquin (1nif 
i cuinn). In this army were 1,500 Ulster-men. Captain Kane, viz. 
Cooey M'Manus the Anglicised (5AtrA) was also killed. 

The large garrison of Tulsk (Uuillj-ge) was taken by Shane Burke, Aug., 1645. 
Thomas Taafe, and James Dillon."'' Hugh O'Gallagher, an Ulster 
Captain, whose men had been mainly instrumental in the capture of the 
place, was slain. Elphin (Oil pnn), Jamestown (boile Seiini]-) Castle .? 
(c^'gu-o?), &c., the Abbey of Boyle (mAi-ii]xi]\ ita bvnle) were all taken. 

The Connaught army proceeded to Sligo to take it by force from Oct. 26, 1645. 
the Scotch, but before they were aware, five or six troops of Cavalry 
from Tyrconnell and from Enniskillen came upon them and drove 
them back to their encampment. The Archbishop of Tuam was 
killed by a wound in his shoulder, and also his Priest. The name of 

220. Blackwater town. — J. S. 

221. The Feasts of St. Francis and St. John Capistran, 4th and 23rd November, respect- 
ively. This entry is strangely placed. — J. S. 

222. Reid, i. p. 475 ; also ^\xs\v^or\!as Historical Collections, part iv. vol. i. p. 238, et seq. — 
J. W. H. 

223. Now Ballintober, Co. Roscommon. — ^J. W. H. 

224. Tulsk, Co. Roscommon. It was held by Capt. Robert Ormsby, and was stormed, 13th 
August, 1645. (See Carte's Ormonde, i. p. 536. ) — J. S. 



238 Old Belfast. 

the Prelate was Maolshaughlin O'Coyle/*^ a Doctor, remarkable for his 
learning, his goodness, and the rectitude of his life. They died, but 
four Scotchmen fell by their hands in that battle. Many of the Burkes 
and of the other Irish were taken prisoners, and the camp was given 
up to plunder. The Scotch reinforced the Garrison of Sligo, Burial 
of the Archbishop. 

General Owen came from Kilkenny, from the Pope's Nuncio, with 
3,000 men to Carrickmacross, where he plundered some of the enemy 
quartered there. Thence he proceeded to Ballybay, where he re- 
mained a while, and then went on to Breffny. 

As for Owen O'Neill, he despatched Colonel Rory Maguire, and 
Turlogh O'Neill, an old veteran from Spain, of the race of Hugh, along 
with 500 men, to Lough Erne. They were joined by their scouts 
(a tucc b]\ACA) with two boats, and landed in Illanbabh"'" (a 
noiten bAb). They burnt and plundered two islands, and carried away 
from them upwards of 500 cows, and 140 horses with their accoutre- 
ments, and 17 stallions. They brought the plunder to near 
Ballynamallaght (beAl Ach mAblAcc), and, at the rising of the midnight 
moon, Rory Maguire's people departed with it. Turlogh M'Brian 
M'Donnell, son of Felim Roe O'Neill, reconnoitred, " Our enemy is 
approaching," said he ; " come to this trench, fire a volley, and let the 
pike-men stand here." His orders were obeyed, and eight of the 
enemy, with their Lieutenant of the Cavalry, were killed. But our 
pike-men gave way, the enemy pressed on us, and we lost Captain 
M'Ouillan and ten men. Captain Eremon M'Swine from Tyrconnell, 
and Sergeant-Major Turlogh O'Neill, fell in the slaughter, 
1646, The Pope's emissary, Johannes Baptista, Archbishop of Fermo, 

arrived in Ireland, bringing with him to Kilkenny sixty thousand 
pounds and a great supply of arms,"^ 

The General of Ulster waited upon the Nuncio, and engaged to 
carry on the operations of the war in that province, if he were furnished 
with pay for the soldiers. " You shall receive," was the reply, " pay 
for 3,000 men for six months, and add 2,000 more to them yourself at 
the expense of the country." The name of the Pope was Innocent the 
Tenth. A proclamation was then issued by the Ulster General, 

225. He is generally known as Malachy O'Queely, but is sometimes called by historians 
Keely or O'Keely. His name in Irish is 11 A CA'dIa, The priest was his secretary, Father 
Thady O'Connell. There was another priest killed at the same time. (See Meehan's Memoirs 
of the Irish Hierarchy in the I'jth Centjiry, p. ii8. ) " General Taafe sent, on the 27th [Oct.], a 
trumpeter to ask for the body of the Archbishop : but was refused without a ransom of ^30. 
Bruodin relates that the Scotch army first cut off his right arm and then cruelly mangled the 
body, cutting it up into small pieces. Among the important papers said to have been found on 
his person was an authentic copy of the famous private treaty between King Charles and the Earl 
of Glamorgan." See Renehan's Collections on Irish Church History, i. p. 405. Malachy 
O'Queely gave a Latin Approbation to the Annals of the Four Masters in 1636. (See it in 
O'Donovan's Edition, i. p. Ixx, and in O'Conor's Rerum Hibernicarum Scriptores Veieres, iii. 
p. xvi.) — J. S. 

226. Boe Island.— J. O'D. 

[It is called bA'obA by the Four Masters (iii. p. 648). Those who speak Irish in the district 
call it 1ni]" bd'obAnn or OlteAn bA'obAnn. it is the largest island in Lough Eme, and 
not far from the northern shore. — J. S.] 

227. For the date of Rinuccini's arrival see Note 217. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 239 

desiring all the horse and foot soldiers in Ulster to meet him, and that 
each man should receive three shillings and six pence a-week. They 
assembled, accordingly, in Breffny : and seventy horses arrived at the April 24,1646. 
Castle of Lough Sheelin,^-^ bringing from Kilkenny the arms for the 
troops. The army continued to collect here until the ist of June. 

Seven boats were captured on Lough Neagh by Sir Felim : four- May 8, 1646. 
teen men were taken and above twenty killed. The boats were 
brought to the mouth of the river of Charlemont (v\ca-6 An -oa ca]\a-6), 
and Sir Felim went to the General's camp. Some of the Scotch May 23, 1646. 
forces came to the Blackwater-foot, where they erected two forts on 
the banks of the Avonmore, extending chains between them to pre- 
vent Sir Felim's people from fishing in the Lough. 

The forces of the General and Sir Felim consisted now of above June i, 1646. 
5,000 foot and nine troops of horse, commanded by seven officers, 
namely, the General, Sir Felim, Colonel M'Neny (An -peA-oA), 
Alexander the son of the Earl"^ (iiiac An iahIa), Manus O'Donnel son 
of Neal Garve (^Apb), Rory Maguire, and Colonel Farrell. The nine 
troops were under the command of the following: — Henry Roe (]\ua-6), 
son of the General, Con bACAc (the lame) Brian Roe (]\tiA-6) O'Neill,^" 
Brian Roe (iuiAt)) M'Mahon, Philip O'Reilly,-" Hugh MacMulmurray, 
Mulmurray M'Cammon,^^^ Hugh Maguire, and Colonel Farrell. This 
was the assembly of the Ulster forces, the descendants of the great 
Owen"^^^ (Go^AiiAcc IIIai-o), with the General, Owen O'Neil, at their 
head. 

The report came that Lord Montgomery, with strong forces both 
of Scotch and English, was at Glenree'^* on the march towards 
Munster and Kilkenny, to banish all the insurgents. They pushed 
forward, therefore, to Benburb, where they fixed their encampment 
and turned the horses to grass. One thousand men and three troops 
of cavalry were then appointed to guard the camp, for the enemy 
were now near Armagh. 

The force under the command of Lord Montgomery, together with June 4, 1646. 
Lord Blayney, Lord Hamilton, and Robert Monroe, were joined by 
reinforcements from Trian Congail (U]\iAn congAil), and from the 
O'Kanes' country near Dungannon, consisting of 80 horseman and 300 
foot. Auxiliaries from Tyrconnell also came to Clossagh"' (CIoj^ai^). 

228. On the borders of Counties Cavan, Longford, and Meath.^. S. 

229. Alexander Macdonnell was younger son of the Earl of Antrim. — J. W. H. 

230. Brian Roe O'Neill was grandson of Sir Cormac MacBaron O'Neill, and on the death 
of his elder brother, Hugh Roe, claimed the nominal dignity of Tyrone, which, on his death 
without issue, was claimed by Hugh, son of Henry, son of Owen Roe. (Lodge's Irish Peerage, 
ist Edition.)— J. W. H. 

231. Philip O'Reilly was brother-in-law of Owen Roe. — J. W. H. [He married Rose 
O'Neill, Owen Roe's sister. — J. S.] 

232. Mulmurry M 'Gammon. In the Cavan Inqn. of loth April, 1629, there is mentioned 
Cohonght M'Comen, a mere Irishman. It is probably MacOwen, one of the O'Reillys. (See p. 
57.)-J. W. H. 

233. The Eoghanacts of Ulster. — J. W. H. 

234. The valley of the Newry river. See Note 199. — J. S. 

235. For Clossagh, near Clogher, see Primate Cotton's Visitation, by Dr. Reeves, 
p. 126.— J. W. H. 



240 Old Belfast. 

Montgomery had now 14 troops of horse and nine regiments. The 
heretics proposed immediately to attack Benburb from Armagh. 
Monroe was of a different opinion, and recommended that they should 
proceed to Tynan, to Athfeada^^" (<\di ]:e<x-6A), Caledon (cionn Aint)), 
and Knocknacloy^^'' (Cnoc An cliiice), as the wind and sun would both 
be in their favour. This plan was adopted, and they left their waggons 
and provisions in Munterbirne"'^''® under the charge of 1,500 soldiers. 
There was there six weeks' provision for every man : many a sack of 
white canvas,^^^ quantities of biscuits.plenty of meal, beer, wine, whiskey, 
flour, sugar, hens, capons, and a supply of tents. They exhibited 
through Munterbirne their great silken banners. 

The Irish General sent three troops with Brian O'Neill, son of 
Con Roe, to reconnoitre the auxiliaries who had gone to the enemy 
from O'Kane's country ; he also despatched 100 men towards the 
enemy's army, who took a cry out of them {i.e.^ alarmed them), and 
then made an honorable retreat back to their own people. 

The General, then, in the midst of the forces, thus addressed 
them : — " Behold the army of the enemies of God, the enemies of your 
souls ! Fight valiantly against them this day : for it is they who have 
deprived you of your chiefs, your children, your life, both spiritual and 
temporal : who have torn from you your lands, and made you wander- 
ing fugitives, &c." 

The two armies met at Drumflugh"** (X)]\iiim irlnnc), and the 
heretics, after suffering great loss beside the cannons (for they had 
seven field pieces),"^^ retreatec^. The Irish pressed hard on them, and 
a general discharge of musketry and cannon took place on both sides. 
They then seized their pikes and swords, and a terrible butchery com- 
menced. Then arrived in the battle the brave and honorable hero, 
the magnanimous and gallant warrior, the protector of the people of 
Pope Innocent the Tenth, Owen O'Neill (eoJAn o neiU)."*^ 

236. Athfeada must be the present Lisnafeedy, in the parish of Eglish, Barony of Tureny, 
Co. Armagh.— J. W. H. 

237. Knocknacloy was the residence of Miirtagh O'Quin : he, with Tob. Quin, sold Lis- 
derry, al. Drum, in the Barony of Dungannon, to Marmaduck Shaw, lo May, 1637, for ^^137, who 
granted it to Thos. Leach for ^100, 8 Feb., 1656.— J. W. H. 

238. The Territory of Muinterbirne, now the name of a Presbyterian congregational district, 
includes the present parishes of Aghaloo and Carnteel, on the west side of the Blackwater, having 
the Oona river to the north, as also Brantry district.— J. W. H. Now Minterburn. — Editor, 

239. Many a sack of white canvas. Perhaps corn. — J. O'D. 

240. There are three different theories regarding the position of the Benburb battlefield — 
(i) That both armies were on the west side of the Oona; (2) that Monroe on the west side 
attacked O'Neill on the east side ; (3) that both armies were on the east side, and that the first 
onset took place not more than a mile from Benburb. O'Mellan's statement strongly supports 
the last theory, as Drumflugh is hardly a mile from Benburb Castle ; and the British Officer 
places the conflict a mile from Benburb. This view is also supported by local tradition, by the 
fact that the bridge which here spans the river is called the Battle-ford Bridge, and by the 
additional testimony that musket balls and human bones have been found just where the Scotch 
army was, according to this theory, driven backwards. — Rev. W. T. Latimer, b.A. A full 
account of the battle is given in The History of the Irish Presbyterians, by the same author. 
Benburb Castle has recently been judiciously repaired by James Bruce, D.L., owner of the estate. 
— Editor. 

241. Carte {Ormonde, i. p. 576) says Monroe had four field-pieces. The Nuncio (see 
Moore's History of Ireland, iv. p. 289) ss.ys five— cinque pczzi di cannoni da campagna. — J. S. 

242. O'Neill exhibited great military skill. He ordered his men not to fire till within pike- 
length. The British Officer gives as one reason for defeat — "The soldiers, I mean some that 
were not strong (enough) in the British Army for his Pike in a windy day, would cut off a foot, 
and some two, of their Pikes, — which is a damned thing to be suffered." — The Warr of Ireland, 
p. 49. — Editor. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 241 

About this time also arrived the three troops which had been sent 
to Diingannon in the beginning of the day, and the Scotch imagined 
these to be some of their own people. Moreover, Sir Felim now joined 
the conflict with ten companies of soldiers, and greatly contributed to 
confuse the enemy. Lord Blayney was killed, and Lord Montgomery 
taken.2^3 Hq Y^^as deprived of his horse and arms and put into confine- 
ment. The heretics now gave way, completely routed. Then did the 
Irish raise the battle-cry. The General might be seen urging forward 
his gallant army in the pursuit, sometimes in front, sometimes riding 
in the midst of them, until they were stopped by the dusk of the 
evening. Numbers were killed, and a part of the fugitives were 
drowned in the Avonmore and in the lough of Knocknacloy (Cnoo 
<\n cluite). The General and the troops returned that night to their 
encampment, highly elated after their victory. Even those of the 
enemy who were only wounded did not escape ; scarcely any of them 
reached their homes, but perished in the wilds. Thirteen horsemen were 
killed in [Betagh country] (a itoucai^ biACAc).-" A Company of the 
General's, who were coming from Lough Sheelin after the army, killed 
five and twenty of them. Thomas Sandford, a Lieutenant-Colonel of Sir 
Felim's, killed twenty-four of them above Armagh, Fifty-seven more 
were destroyed by Henry O'Neill at the foot of a glen. Many others were 
found lying dead, without having received any wounds. The Puritans 
of Tyrconnell sent a message to the General offering battle. He sent 
the vanguard of the army westwards to Clossagh (CIoj^ai^) to meet 
the enemy ; he remained himself with the main body, and Sir Felim 
brought up the rear. The enemy fled to Enniskillen and to Tyrconnell. 
The General then returned with the forces to Charlemont, Loughgall, 
and Tamnamore (UAiiinAc m6]\). There were killed Magnus O'Don- 
nell,^''^sonof Neil Garve(5Anb), and Cu Uladh (ciuiIa-o) O'Neill, the son 
of Ferdoragh M'Brian the scabbed (ca]\]\ac). Above 300 more were 
either killed or wounded."*" Sir Felim procured surgical aid at 
Charlemont for all the wounded men. By the late victory they were 
now in possession of more than 1,000 muskets, a large quantity of 

243. Lord Blaney's body was honourably interred in Benburb Church by Owen Roe, but 
was afterwards exhumed and taken to Castleblayney. Lord Montgomery was imprisoned in 
" Cloghwooter." He was released after " about two years." He attended a Council at Lisburn, 
I4th-i5th March, 1647-8. (See the Montgoynery MSS., pp. 165, 169.) — J. S. 

244. [ ] Betagh Country. — J. O'D. 

"OllCATO, a land, a country ; UeiC, a birch tree, i.e., the birch country. Of the lands in 
the territory or precinct of Tynan, in the Barony of Tureny, the property of the Primate, were, 
inter alia, Bally-veagh and Gortmorlagh, now Gortmalegg, in the Parish of Tynan. Bally-veagh 
is now absorbed in some other townland, bat it probably was the Duthaidh-beith of the te.xt. — 
J. W. H. 

245. Colonel Manus O'Donnell had been married to Susanna, daughter of Hugh Magennis, 
Visct. Iveagh, by whom he had a son, Rory, of Lifford.^J. W. H. 

246. The Nuncio states that the Irish lost only 70 men, and 100 wounded : — Dei nostri S07t 
morti solatnente setianta. . . . Cento soli feriti. (SeeMoore's History 0/ Ireland, vf. Tp. 2go.) 
Carte (Ormonde, i. p. 576) gives the Irish loss as 70 men, and 200 wounded. — J. S. 

A list is given at p. 66 of the additional arms to be distributed among " the 4 regiments of 
foot that were at Benburb," showing clearly the great loss that had taken place in them. 
Pinkerton mentions that new entrenching tools had also to be procured, as so many were lost at 
Benburb. — Editor. 

R 



242 Old Belfast. 

pikes and pike-axes : also drums, seven field-pieces, and 36 standards. 
These flags were transmitted by the General to the Nuncio and Council 
of Kilkenny, as a token of his victory, under charge of the Diffinitor 
of the Order of Saint Francis, Bartholomew M'Egan,^^'' and his servant, 
Hugh Boy (bui-6e) M'Manus. He also sent some extraordinary 
letters found with the heretics. They had come to the determination 
on that day not to give quarter to a single man except the General 
himself Shane O'Kane and Richard O'Kane, Donald Magenis, son 
of the Earl of Iveagh,"'*^ and Rory Maguire, were sent off with 1,500 
soldiers to plunder Trian Congail (U|\iAn con^Ait). They sacked and 
burnt Downpatrick, Saul (j^AbAll), the Bishop's Court, Ballybot"^® 
(bAite iiA po|\c nniillionn), and Killeagh^^" (CiHoIaoc), and brought 
away 500 cows to Tamnamore (UAiimAc ino|\), not to mention other 
plunder. Thomas Sandford, a Lieutenant-Colonel of Sir Felim's, was 
sent, along with 600 men, to Portadown and Clare^^^ (CIa]\), both 
which places they burnt. 

The number of the slain between Drumflugh ("0)1111111 plnnc) and 
Lisnafeedy-"^ (c\rh |:eA-6A) [thanks be to God, for it was He alone that 
performed the achievement!] was 3, 548, and this in a space of three hours, 
exclusive of those killed in the wilds, such as at Toaghy (cuac ACAi-6),and 
in the wood east of Anabeatagh (a nib ecAc)."'^^ Numbers were found 
dead without a trace of blood on them. The General left Tamnamore 
(UAiiinAc in6)\) and proceeded with the army to Breffny. The 
Deacon'^" of the Apostolic Nuncio, and the Diffinitor of the Order of 
Saint Francis,'^" came from Limerick to meet the General of Ulster. 
The Deacon gave three Rials (one shilling and sixpence) to every 
single soldier, and more to the officers ; and they were placed to 



247. A Diffinitor regulated the affairs of Chapters. (See Fosbroke's British Monachism, 
p. 146.) Bartholomew M'Egan, or Boetius Egan, as he is more generally called, became Bishop 
of Ross in 1648, and was hanged by Lord Broghill in 1650. (See Meehan's Memoirs of the Irish 
Hierarchy i?i the Seventeenth Century, pp. 237-38. ) — J. S. 

248. Earl of Ivea^k. Correctly, Viscount. 

Shane and Richard O'Kane were probably related to Lieutenant-General Donnel O'Kane, 
slain near Clones. 

Daniel and Roger Magennis were the two younger brothers of Sir Con Magenis, and sons of 
Art Roe, created Viscount Magenis of Iveagh, 18 July, 1623. — J. W. H. The Editor has a lease 
with the latter s signature. 

249. Ballybot. ? Ballynewport, adjoining Rathmultan. — J. W. H. 

250. Killeagh. ? Killough.— J. W. H. 

251. Clare, in P. of Bally more. — J. W. H. 

252. By zxilnq. of the Primate's property of Clanaule, taken at Armagh, 12 August, 1609, we 
find Lisnyferrie. — J. W. H. 

253. Ana-beatagh. Qu. Anaghneveah, now Annagh, p. of Tynan, Barony of Tureny. — 
J. W. H. 

254. This was Massari, dean of Fermo, Rinuccini's secretary. Massari compiled the 
history of the Awws/a^wra, assisted by Father Richard O'Farrell, probably an Irish Franciscan, 
and another priest whose name does not appear. The title of the work is De Hceresis AnglicancB 
Intrusione et Progressu et de Bella Catholico Ad. an. 1641, incepto exindeque per aliqiiot annos 
gesto, Ccmmentarius. (See Meehan's Memoirs of the Irish Hierarchy in the Seventeenth Century, 
Appendix N, p. 369.) — J. S. 

255. The Diffinitor was Boetius Egan, by whom Owen Roe had sent to the Nuncio, 
Rinuccini, an account of the battle in a Latin letter dated 9th June, 1646, which is given as an 
Appendix to Meehan's yV/««OT>j of the Irish Hierarchy in the Seventeenth Century, p. 434. — J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 243 

guard five counties, namely, the Counties of Monaghan, Cavan, Leitrim, 
Longford, and Mullingar, until the crops should be ripe. Sir Felim 
stayed at Charlemont attending to the wounded. He sent six boats to 
Bunavally (bun An 136^1^15) ; the boats were drawn ashore, and soldiers 
placed between that and the garrison. The boats were then brought 
to Trowagh Bay (Ui\ai5 -oubAc), a fort was raised there and soldiers 
stationed in it, with some fishermen who caught plenty of fish ; the 
Scotch were thus prevented from leaving Bunavally (bun An beAlAi^), 
and they were in great want of provisions. 

In Breffny, at Ballyheelin (bel AcliAliAn), Brian Roe O'Neill killed June 29, 1646. 
Hugh M'Art Og M'Turley O'Neill. He shot him with a pistol. 

The troops of the enemy came to Munter Birn. They seized Hugh 
O'Neill, M'Brian M'Henry Og, and carried off four horses and forty 
cows. 

The Council of Kilkenny was now negotiating a peace with the 
Earl of Ormond, without the permission of the old Irish Chiefs. He 
was invited to meet them there, which he agreed to do. The Court 
and Castle were newly decorated for his reception. New gates were 
erected, splendidly gilt. The Earl arrived with 1 5 troops of horse and 
2,000 foot. The Council of Kilkenny, Lord Mountgarret (111 oua 
5oi]\eA-o), Donchadh M'Carty, and all the country submitted to him ; 
and, matters being arranged there, he proceeded to Cashel of Munster, 
where the people of Munster received him joyfully. 

About this time a Chapter was held by the Nuncio at Waterford, 
where the news reached him that the Earl was in the Country. He 
immediately dispatched 500 soldiers and letters to the General of 
Ulster, directing him to leave Breffny with the army. 

These letters having reached the General, he sent orders to the Aug. 28, 1646. 
Captains with their soldiers, and to the cavalry, to meet him this day 
on Bruise Mountain (]^liAb b]\iii]'). They accordingly arrived, ac- 
companied by Sir Felim, Colonel of the horse. That night they were 
in the County Longford, and they made no halt till they were at 
Ballyskeagh (bAile i^^eACAc). Here 40 horses from Kilkenny met 
them, loaded with bread, beer, &c. 

As for the Earl of Ormond ; hearing, while at Cashel, of the arrival 
of the Ulster General, he forthwith made his escape with 15 troops and 
2,000 foot-soldiers, not to his own place, Kilkenny, but to Gowran 
(5<-\b|\An). On being informed that the General's cavalry was in the 
neighbourhood, they fled to Leighlin (lelmn).-'"' In the town they 
fired a volley of musketry and then all separated, so that upon the 
Earl's arrival in Carlow he had only with him 12 horsemen. There 
he alighted and took some bread and wine : the horsemen did not 
dismount. They then proceeded to Dublin. 

The General of Ulster was now at Ballynaskeagh (b. nA f^eiceA-o), 
and pitched his tents and booths beside the Deer-park. Intelligence 
of this was conveyed to the two Nuncios, one of whom, in the begin- 
ning of the war, had come from Pope Urban the Eighth, the other 

256. Written teiC jtionn by better authorities.— J. S. 



244 Old Belfast. 

from Pope Innocent the Tenth. They both came from Kilkenny to 
meet the General.'^'' He, with Sir FeUm and the other chiefs, came 
into the presence of these holy men and received their benediction. 

The General required that the Castle and fortifications of the city 
should be delivered up to him, and the following hostages from the 
country and the city, viz., Donchadh M'Carty, Lord of Muskerry 
(111 u]^5|\Ai5e), Edmund Butler,son of Lord Mountgarret (lllocA5Ai]\eA-o), 
also Beling (beliin), the Secretary of the Council, Sir John Begneir, 
and four others of the principal Gentlemen of the country. These 
matters were arranged forthwith, and the town and the hostages were 
taken in charge. 

1646. The General held a review of all his Infantry, who amounted 

to 14,000 men. Sir Felim, the Colonel of the horse, also mustered the 
cavalry, consisting of 22 troops. On this occasion all the principal 
Irish chiefs were present, together with the two Nuncios and the 
Ambassadors of Spain and France. 

The Archbishop of Fermo, one of the Nuncios, passed through the 
forces, from the west side to the east, giving them his benediction. 
The soldiers then fired a volley of musketry with one consent, accom- 
panied by a discharge from all the cannons : and on the passing of 
the Nuncio again from the east side to the west there was a similar 
universal discharge, in token of honor and glory to God, the Pope and 
the Nuncio. 

The Nuncio then came to where Sir Felim was with the cavalry 
and blessed them, when they, in like manner, fired a volley from their 
carbines and pistols. The Review occupied two days. The General 
accompanied the Nuncios and Ambassadors to the city-gate, taking 
leave of them, and then returned himself to the camp. The sumptuous 
feasts which had been prepared in honor of the Earl of Ormond were 
now distributed among the youths of Ulster, and the whole forces 
remained encamped at Kilkenny for 10 days without any scarcity of 
provisions. The golden gate which had been erected for the same 
occasion was taken down and concealed from the Ulster people. The 
General gave up the Castle, the town, and the hostages into the hands 

Sept. 28,1646. of the Nuncio. Everything being arranged, they received his blessing, 
and all the troops marched on Monday to Castlecomer (-onoi^eA-o a 
•oei^nei) and to (50 bAite ^'CAin niic ■Laoi]'!^), where they staid 

four nights. From thence they proceeded to the Hill of Lease 

257. Both Nuncios, i.e., Scarampo and Rinuccini. It is stated by Dr. (now Cardinal) 
Moran, in his Memoir of Oliver Plunket, p. 4, that Scarampo, Urban the Eighth's envoy, did not, 
as is commonly represented, remain in Ireland till 1647, but that he returned to Rome in 1645, 
having received permission to do so by a Brief dated 4th May in that year. O'Mellan, in this 
paragraph and the next but one, is against the statement of his Eminence. In Rinuccini's 
letters to Cardinal Pamphili there is evidence that Scarampo was in Ireland as late as February, 
1647. A letter dated 21st May, 1646, incidentally mentions that Scarampo [Scarampi] constantly 
resided in Waterford ; another, 24th May, 1646, notices that he has often written for leave to de- 
fart ; another, 24th December, 1646, that he has received permission to do so : in another, 30th 
December, 164.6, Rinuccini writes that he is expecting Scarampo to pay him a farewell visit : in 
another, ist February, 1647, he states that Scarampo was in Kilkenny till that day, stress of 
weather having made him return some little time before : in another, 6th February, 1647, 
Rinuccini writes that he sends the Cardinal three reports by Scarampo, and one in cipher. (See 
The Embassy in Irelatid of Monsignor G. B, Rinuccini, pp. 165, 167, 224, 234, 239, 249.) — J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 245 

(boiti riA coittix) A Laoi^ii') and Cullentra Castle (CAifleAn riA Sept., 1646. 

cuitencjioi). The General treated the Captain of the place very 

leniently, and placed a garrison of his own there. From this 

they went to Maryboro' (pojic 1>aoi]-).^°^ Before surrounding the 

town, Sir Felim, the Colonel of the horse, called on the garrison to 

surrender. They replied that they would not, until they saw the 

General and the cannon. The troops now arriving, a drummer was 

despatched to demand formally the surrender of the place. The 

Governor demanded hostages from the General, and, accordingly, 

Brian O'Neill M'Quin Roe and Shane O'Neill M'Henry M'Turley, from Oct. 6, 1646. 

the wood, were sent. Sir William Gilbert then came to the army, and 

on seeing the force and the cannon he agreed to capitulate, receiving 

permission for the garrison to carry away all their movables. Port 

Lease"*^^ was given in charge to Felim O'Neill M'Donnell M'Henry. 

The army went from thence to Dysart-Enos (•oi]^io]ic). Here Pigot 

(<\n bpiceADAc) was ordered through a drummer to surrender the 

castle ; but he replied that he would not stir a foot. The General 

then commanded Colonel Farrel and Colonel Rory to begin the attack. 

The outworks outside the gate were first burnt. They then scaled 

the ramparts and made their way into the area, where they burnt the 

great hall, the stables, and the great haggart. Upwards of eighty 

were killed, along with the Captain and Pigot himself Colonel Rory 

had one Captain killed, namely, Dugald M'Quillan, and five soldiers. 

From this place they proceeded to the County Kildare, to Castle 

Rheban-'^" (CAii^ten An ]\ebAin), which they took ; from that to Athy 

(lOAite AuliA hi), which they also took. They then took from the 

enemy the Grange of Nurney-*" (5pAin-|'eAc An nibAi]\), J iggenstown"''^ October, 1646. 

(boile tiigin), Lyons^®^ (boile briAm), Castle Martin'^®* (cAi^-ien mA|Acin), 

Clane (ClAonA), the town of Sir John Hay^*'^ (boite ]'io]a ^-eon Iiaii), 

Ballymore Eustace (boite ha iui^xa^'ac), Ballyhenry (boite hen]\i), 

and a number of other towns taken from the enemy not mentioned 

here. They approached within 12 miles of Dublin, and to the 

bridge of Kilcullen (citt cuitinn). General Thomas Preston and his 

army here joined Owen O'Neill, and they remained thus for a 

considerable time. 

Let some mention be now made of the people of Lisnegarvey, 
Killyleagh, Newry, Rosstrevor (c.c)ieve]i), of Carlingford. of Dundalk 
(]']\Ac bAiti), of Drogheda, and of Slane (o boich ^^tAine). They all 
assembled and fell on the people of Oriel, who fled to the woods of 

258. Written po-|lC LAOi;g11"1 hy ihe Four Masters (\. p. 1750).— J. S. 

259. Port Lease, i.e.. Port Leix, i.e., Maryborough. — J. S. 

260. See Anthologia Hibernica, ii. 161. — J. W. H. 

261. On Petty's Map of Kildare, Nurney Castle is marked on the S. of the Barony of 
Ophaley.— J. W. H. 

262. Jiggenstown, a mile to the west of Naas. — J. W. H. 

263. Castle Martin, to the west of Kilcullen bridge, on old map of Kildare. In Petty's Map 
of Kildare, Castlemartin is marked near the junction of three baronies, Connell, N.W., Naas, 
N.E., and Kilcullen, S.— J. W. H. 

264. Lyons, Co. Kildare, spelled on Petty's Map "Castle lions."— J. W. H. 

265. PBallyhayes.— J. CD. ? Ballysonan.— J. W. H. 



246 Old Belfast. 

(■oi\iiiiii •0111 n). They then plundered and burnt their houses and 
haggarts (a5A]\c) as far as the woods of Killaney (ciLt AnnA). 
They burnt Moybolgue (c.nnn^e botj), and destroyed hundreds of 
pounds' worth of produce. They returned, bringing with them a great 
amount of spoil. They brought with them the soldiers who were 
stationed at Carrickmacross, and then burnt the place itself Sad 
and sorrowful were the women and the men of Breffny after their 
departure. 

Dec, 1646. The General was still near Dublin with his forces, but permission 

did not arrive from the Council of Kilkenny for him to proceed until 
the month of December came with long and violent rains, and he was 
then directed to disband the troops for the space of three months. 
The General accordingly issued orders to the forces to go into 
quarters, which they did in Munster and Leinster. 

The Earl of Ormond, with a strong force, arrived at Trim. Here 
he was joined by the Earl of Kildare, the Earl of Westmeath, that is, 
Richard Nugent (nuinn|^ion), Earl Burke, the Earl of Roscommon, 
Earl Castlehaven, who had left Kilkenny with the Earl of Ormond, and 
Sir James Dillon, a Colonel of the Catholics. He is along with these 
persons this day, namely, St. Thomas's Day,-"'' in the house of Edward 
Boy (bui-oe) Dewitt. They raised a contribution of two pounds off 
every ^nioiii {i.e., the I2th of a ploughland) in the County of Mullingar, 
and quarter for the troops and soldiers. 

Jan. 15, 1647. The Earl of Ormond proceeded to Breffny, crossing the country, 
and collecting the cows, forage, and other property of the people. 
This was done eight days. They gathered and tied up everything, 
killed 38 persons, and carried off from Breffny and Oriel 4,000 cows. 

Jan. 18, 1647. Captain Philip Roe O'Reilly obtained permission from his Colonel, 
Philip M'Kee, to go with 300 soldiers in pursuit of the enemy. They 
came behind a town in which were two troops of them, and towards 
the end of the night they surrounded the place. They beat their 
drums, fired off their muskets, and burnt the houses over the enemy's 
horses and themselves, killing a number of them. They had with 
them 90 horses, which, together with the arms of the cavalry, were 
brought by the Captain to Ballynacargy (beL Ac[nA]cA|A|A5e). 

Jan. 21, 1647. Sir Felim sent out seven boats and a bark, in which were two 
field-pieces and a strong crew, upon Lough Neagh (eAUAc). They 
burnt two of the enemy's forts in Claneboy and a great haggart 
belonging to Major Connolly, the person who informed against Conor 
Maguire, Lord Enniskillen, who was put to death in 1644.-''^ They 
killed both men and cattle, and brought away with them whatever they 
pleased in the boats. They were pursued both by land and water. 
Sir Felim's people were raising a fort on Trowagh (rjiAi^ x)ubAc) in 
Clan-Bresail, when the enemy surprised them, and killed a number of 
them, among the rest, Robert Atkinson, a Lieutenant. Upwards of 
20 were taken and some drowned. Two boats escaped, but the bark 
and five boats were taken. 

266. St. Thomas's Day, i.e., 21st December. — J. S. 

267. 20 February, 1644-45. — J. S. 



Narrative of the Wars of 1641. 247 

Shane O'Kane, the Sergeant-Major-General, and Lieutenant- J^"- 26, 1647. 
Colonel Felim M'Tuath M'Toole, came to the County of Mullingar, 
along with 3,000 foot and a number of horse. They arrived at 
Loughcrew (b. Ioca c^iAoibe), and next day had a rendezvous. They 
resolved to attack the garrison of Kells (ceAnAnnuu]^), where Colonel 
Theophilus Jones was stationed with 300 men. They travelled night 
and day till they reached Kells. The foot soldiers scaled the walls, 
while the cavalry remained outside. Those of Colonel Jones's soldiers 
(about 130) who asked quarter were spared ; upwards of 200 were 
killed. The people of the town itself were spared. The prisoners 
were taken to Finae ("pio-o An At a), and Theophilus to the Castle of 
Lough Sheelin. General Monk, with 3,000 of the Parliamentary 
forces and 120 horses, together with their cavalry accoutrements, 
arrived in Trian Congail (c]\iAn conjAit) against the Province of 
Ulster. 

Three thousand soldiers from Parliament arrived in Dublin against Feb., 1647. 
Leinster and horses (cetera desunt). 

Note. — Dr. John M'Donnell, Dublin, left some antiquarian notes, now in the Editor's posses- 
sion. He transcribed the brief notices of Loughinsholin Island in O'Mellan's Narrative, translated 
by the Rev. Dr. Reeves in his Supplementary Observations to Mr. Wilde s Paper on certain 
Crannoges in Ulster, read nth April, 1859 (see Proceedings R.I. A., vol. vii. p. 157). He has 
added the following notice of O'Mellan's MS. without- stating his authority: — "Friar O'Mellan 
wrote a journal including a period extending from 1641 to 1647. He was of the Franciscan 
Order, who had a monastic home in the Co. of Tyrone, Parish of Aghanloo. He is believed to 
have been Chaplain to Sir Phelim O'Neill. This journal contains an account of the general 
history of the Roman Catholics during the above period. The MS. was sent to the late Earl 
O'Neill by the possessor about ten years ago, who presented it to him as descendant (which he 
was not) and representative of Owen Roe. It was copied by Eugene O'Curry, and carefully 
collated by John O'Donovan, LL.d., by the desire of the Rev. James Henthorn Todd, s.f.t.c.d., 
for the Royal Irish Academy. It was translated by Robert Macadam, of Belfast, for Lord 
O'Neill. This translation was sent up to Dublin to Geo. Petrie, who made no use of it. But 
the original, borrowed from the possessor, Lord O'Neill, for the R.I. A., was transcribed by E. 
O'Curry, and for some time exhibited as a specimen of his caligraphy in a glass case, but of late 
years it has been removed. Rev. W. Reeves, Sec. to the Academy, published in the Proceedings 
the following important extracts." (They are contained in 20 lines of the original.) It may be 
added, that in addition to the copy in the Grainger Collection, Belfast Free Library, another copy, 
made by the late J. 'W. Hanna, is in the possession of the Rev. J. O'Laverty, p.p., m.r.i.A., 
who kindly lent it to the Editor. 

FINIS. 




AFTER THE BATTLE OF BENBURB. 







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Inventory of the Pinkerton MSS. sent by George Benn with a 

LETTER TO ROBERT S. MaCADAM, 1 87 2. 

{Much condensed here.) 

Bundle marked No. i. 

I. Short and very good account of the introduction of Printing into Belfast, with list of 
all the early printers' names. 2. List of Belfast-printed books to the publication of Belfast 
Magazine, 1S08. 3. Small MS., with extracts from Hardy, Twiss, and others about Belfast- 
printed books. 4. Another MS., with an immense list of Belfast books, chiefly reprints by 
Magee and the Joys. Miscellaneous papers. 

2ND Parcel, marked on back, "Old Belfast Papers, Leases, Acts of Parlia- 
ment, Wills, &c. . of the Donegall Family." 

This mainly consists of a large mass of Law papers ; offers from tenants for new leases ; 
an Act of Parliament obtained in 1751 to give an enabling power to Earl Donegall and his 
trustees to grant leases for long terms, as the expression is, to rebuild Belfast, then stated to 
be old and ruinous, some of the inhabitants, it is declared in one of the MSS., being deter- 
mined to leave the town and settle in Newry or Lisburn if not favoured with such leases ; 
letter of Lord Massareene relative to a Macartney ; many documents relating to country 
parts of the estate — Donegal, Carrickfergus, Antrim, &c. 
No. 3. Marked " Miscellaneous Notes about Belfast." 

This parcel contains numerous notes and memoranda referring to documents elsewhere ; 
thus — " Essex's camp ; notice about Belfast ; important." Amongst more modern papers is 
a very good account of the origin and history of the Belfast Charitable Society, by the late 
Mr. Bruce ; a good deal about the fords in connection with the Donegall and Templemore 
lawsuit ; and many documents about Turlogh Lynnagh O'Neill and his contemporaries. 
There are also some printed ballads, and notices of general rather than local interest. 

No. 4. Report of the Municipal Commissioners, 1833-34, on the Borough of 
Belfast. 

No. 5. Miscellaneous. Belfast. 

Several MSS. fastened together, containing about 100 pp. , copied from some public 
depository, but no account of where or what; the dates not clearly referred to, but 1642- 
1643, and at the end 1647, occur. The papers are taken up with accounts of the wars in 
Ulster; disputes about corn consequent on the "cessation." A paper in Mr. Pinkerton's 
handwriting describing the " Old Town Book of Belfast," and which he considers " the most 
curious and important collection of documents of its kind in Ireland ;" followed by a list of 
early sovereigns and burgesses, oaths of office, fines for non-attendance at church, &c. A 
bundle of 20 little books containing Mr. Pinkerton's copious extracts from the Record Book 
of the old Corporation ; some already printed, but the greater part, of course, nowhere but 
in that old Book. Next are four MS. books containing much about the Smiths' attempt to 
get the Ards in Elizabeth's time. Dealings and letters between the several parties interested, 
both English and Irish. Also much Scotch seventeenth century history — political and 
theological. Many documents leading to law or arbitration, connected with settlements, &c., 
on members of the Donegall family. Many papers and extracts referring to the history of 
Presbyterianism after the Restoration. Ten little sewed books containing copies of two 
wills of the Earls of Donegall, notices of the " Key," apparent difficulties between the Cor- 
poration and the Donegall family. A satirical poem of 1771, with allusions to the Hearts of 
Steel. A book with notices of the general wars in Ulster, and at end genealogies of the 
Joy and Grierson families. Many miscellaneous scraps and loose leaves. 

No. 6. Bundle endorsed " 7 Bound MS. Volumes." 

No. I. Extracts from the old Corporation Records. No. 2. Literary quotations about 
general subjects. No. 3. Marked " Clarke's Correspondence." jNIuch here about King 
William's proceedings. Belfast introduced, but not prominently. Phillips' account of 
Carrickfergus, Belfast, Derry, &c. Extracts and Notes on Richard Dobbs' MS. account of 
Co. Antrim, already known to Rev. George Hill and others. A book containing extracts 
from News-Letter. Notices of books printed in Belfast of the famous schoolmaster, David 
Manson ; notices of maps ; calendar of papers referring to Belfast, Antrim, the McDonnells, 
&c. , some scored across, as if Mr. Pinkerton had already given them away or used them else- 
where. A general memorandum book about the Dublin Society, Fishing, Freemasonry, &c. 
A small book filled with references about the News- Letter a.nd Belfast-printed books. 

No. 7. 

Two bundles tied together. One is labelled, "Port of Belfast," and contains some 
papers referring to it. The other is marked on back, " Grants, Leases, &c., of the Donegall 



250 



Old Belfast. 



Family." It contains copy of original grant of all the estates in Antrim, Carrickfergus, 
Down, Donegal, Tyrone, and copies of subsequent confirmations, &c., and family settlements 
of a lengthy nature. Account of the funeral of Sir Arthur Chichester. Notes of interments 
of other members of the family. Document in large sheets, apparently a confirmatory grant 
to remedy defective titles from Charles L to Chichester, with every townland named. These 
three large books are all in Mr. Pinkerton's handwriting. Very long copy of a deed, dated 
1692, between relatives of the Donegalls. A number of loose papers, applications for leases, 
with small sketch maps. Two books filled with extracts from documents of the Ulster 
Plantation in Lambeth Palace, beginning with the work done at Dromore, passing to 
Carrickfergus (building of Joymount there), Derry, Armagh, Monaghan, &c. The notices 
about Belfast are very interesting. A long document giving a biography of Samuel 
McSkimin, Crofton Croker, &c. ; the genealogy and burials of the O'Neills ; the trials, 
&c. , of certain Presbyterian ininisters of 1798. A book in Mr. Pinkerton's handwriting con- 
taining the proposed transplanting of the Ulster Scots in 1653. Another book filled with 
proceedings of Convocation in 1729. An Inquisition at Ardquin, Co. Down. Small MS. 
book of State Paper extracts relative to Spanish assistance to Munster Irish, and the 
O'Neills of the period. A little book labelled "Forde," containing account of King 
William's entry into Belfast, Schonberg's proceedings, and the state of the town then. A 
book containing Smith's Charter in Latin. A book in Mr. Pinkerton's handwriting of miscel- 
laneous gatherings of Chichesters, McDonnells, O'Neills, &c. Allowances to the forces, 
pedigrees, coats of arms, &c. A large amount of loose leaves and cuttings. 
No. 8. Marked on back, "Bermingham Tower and Presbyterians." 

Contains nine small books and a number of loose leaves and scraps. They contain 
orders of Council, showing the dealings of the Parliament and Cromwell with the Presby- 
terians ; fragments of Scotch history ; mentions of the McDonnells and the O'Neills ; the 
petition of Edmund Spenser's grandson to Cromwell, besides many local references. 

No. 9. 

A book containing an account of the mutiny at Carrickfergus in 1666. A little book 
about the Customs, Excise, &c., in 1637. A number of references to playing-cards, 
fishing, &c. 

No. 10 

Is a very large collection. It contains the full description of Co. Antrim in 1683, by 
Richard Dobbs, which Mr. Pinkerton intended to publish for private circulation. Several 
other contemporary descriptions of other counties are in this parcel. Miscellaneous papers. 

No, II. Marked "Miscellaneous." 

A book containing a good many orders, resolutions, letters, &c. , relative to the wars of 
the seventeenth century, with complaints and expostulations from several quarters consequent 
on Monroe's surprisal of Belfast. Many literary papers of all kinds, on Valentine Great- 
rakes, the Irish Harp, claims to early civilisation. &c. 

No. 12. 

This parcel contains eight little books, consisting entirely of extracts from Belfast News- 
Letter, in Mr. Pinkerton's handwriting, down to 1782. 

Books relatifig to Irehitid collected by William Pinkerton, f.s.a., f.a.s.l., to 
aid him in writitig a History of the Town of Belfast : — 



Anthologia Hibernica, 1793-4. 

BoRLAsE, Reduction 0/ Ireland, 1675. 

Carte, Life of Ormonde, 1736. 

Carew. Reprint, 1810. 

DuBOURDiEU, Sumey, Co. Antrim, 1812. 

Boate, Natural History of Ireland, 1755. 

Benn, History of Belfast, 1823. 

Berwick, Historical Collections, 18 17. 

Castlehaven's Memoirs, 1753. 

Ahiman Rezon fMasonic, 1782), 1795. 

Chambers's Domestic Annals of Scotland, 1859. 

Bradshaw's Belfast Directory, 1819. 

Duffy's Irish Library, comprising — 

Mitchel's Aodh O'Neill, 1862. 

Meehan's Geraldines, 1847. 

Meehan's Confederation of Kilkenny, 1862. 

Meehan's Life of Kirivan, 1848. 

M'Gee's Irish Writers, 1857. 

MacNevin's Volunteers, 1853. 

MacNevin's Confiscation of Ulster, i860. 

French's Historical Works, 1846. 

M'Gee's Art MacMurrou^li, 1847. 

Hay's Insurrection, 1862. 



Hardy's Life of Charlemont, 1810. 

Hemfton's History of Londonderry, 1861. 

Belfast Politics, 1794. 

Letters between Henry and Frances {Griffiths), 1770. 

Harris's County of Down, 1744. 

Gregory's Highlands and Islands, 1836. 

Historical Account of Election for Co. Dozvti, 1784. 

Petty, Political Anatomy, i6gi. 

PiLSON, History of Rise and Progress of Belfast, 1846. 

M'Skimin. History of Carrickfergus, 1823. 

Calendar State Papers, Ireland, 1509-73. 

Rutty, History of Quakers in Ireland, 17S1. 

Taylor and Skinner's Maps of Roads, Ireland, 1778. 

Historical View of Irish Society's Plantation 

IN Ulster, 1822. 
Story's Wars in Ireland, 1693. 
Oldmixon's Memoirs of Ireland, 1716. 
Stuart's History of Armagh, 1819. 
Kellv's Cambrensis Eversus of Lynch, 1848. 
O'Donovan's Book of Rights, 1847. 
O'Uonovan's Four Masters, 1856. 
O'Connor, History of Ireland, 1766. 
Milner, Catholic Inhabitants and Antiquities, 1808. 



Appendix. 



251 



Kirkpatrick's Presbyterian Loyalty, 1713. 
Reid, Presbyterian Church in Ireland, 1853. 
Devereux, Lives 0/ Saris 0/ Essex, 1853. 
Madden, United Irishmen (First Series), 1842. 
CoLBV, Ordnance Survey, Co. Londonderry, 1837. 
Harbour of Belfast, 1852. 
Wolfe Tone, Memoirs, 1827. 



Twiss, Tour in Ireland, 1776. 
Tour through Ireland {Luckomb?), 1780. 
Wright's Giraldus Cambrensis (Bohn), 1863. 
Letter from Abraham Protest maker. Runner to a 

Bank in Belfast, 1751. 
O'Connor, Ogygia Vindicata, 1775. 
Collectanea de Rebus Hibernicis, 1774. 



Pamphlets and tracts selected from a large number as those most likely to be useful : — 

In Vol. I. 

Origin of Irish Yeomanry, 1801. 

Lord Taafe, Affairs in Ireland from 1691, 1766. 

Jebb on a National Circulation Bank, 1780. 

In Vol. V. 
Application of Barnel's Memoirs of Jacobinism to the Secret Societies of Ireland, 1798. 
Report of Committee of Secrecy, 1799. 

In Vol. VII. 

Case of W. T. Jones in Jail of Cork on charge of Pligh Treason, 1803. 

Detail of Affair of Honour between W. T. Jones and Sir R. Musgrave, 1802. 

Letter to the Societies of United Irishmen of Town of Belfast by W. T. Jones, 1 792. 

To the Magistrates, Military, and Yeomanry of Ireland, 1798. 

Letter of Lord De Clifford to Electors of Downpatrick, n.d. 

Question relative to Petitions from Dublin, Cork, and Belfast for a new regulation of 
the Portugal Gold Coin, 1760. 

Observation on case of Priest O'Neill, 1804. 

Meeting of Trustees of Linen and Hemp Manufacture in Ireland, printed by Linen 
Board about 1803 (curious, useful, and suggestive respecting Linen manufacture). 




WILLIAM WARE, C. 1780. 
Organist of the Parish Church, atid E. Buntittg's Master. (From miniature in possession 0/' Editor.) 







THE CORPORATION BELLMAN OF BELFAST. 



Botes. 



Page I. Report by Robert Cowley 

This extract from the Jrtsk State Papers, of which a precis appears in Hamilton's Irish 
Calendar of State Papers, 1509-73, is printed as an example of the material available for the 
earlier annals of Belfast and its vicinity. When W. Pinkerton began to collect notices of our 
local history, of which examples are given at p. 2, the treasures contained in the State Paper 
Offices were not so easily accessible as since the publication of the numerous calendars now 
in all large libraries. He gives as the first mention of Belfast, 1551 — " Bagenal intends 
to return to Belfast." In a letter of his addressed to Robert S. Macadam, referring to 
the death of Edmund Getty in 1857, he mentions the latter had informed him that his 
proposed work on the "Statistics and Antiquities of the Baronies of Castlereagh, in Down, 
and of Belfast, in Antrim," was so entitled because there was no historical mention of Belfast 
as a town before Elizabeth's time. He was anxious to give all the early history he had 
collected of the district, and therefore chose the wider title. Unfortunately, Getty died before 
he could carry out his projected work, of which only the prospectus exists. He was well 
qualified for such an enterprise, as his History of the Harboitr of Belfast shows. (Pinkerton 
has left a note on it as follows — " Harbour of Belfast. This was the first of a series of works 
on the Harbours of the United Kingdom ordered to be compiled by the Harbour Department 
of the Admiralty. As the names of places were taken in alphabetical succession, Belfast was 
thus the first. The Admiralty, however, changing their mind, printed no more of the series, 
and rigidly suppressed this immediately after, if not before, publication. There is no copy 
in the British Museum ! The Admiralty, in compiling the work, were greatly aided by the 
late Edmund Getty, of Belfast, who presented this copy to his friend W. P. in the Golden 
Cross, Charing Cross, London, on the iQlh June, 1855. This work must consequently be 
very rare.") His novel, puljlished anonymously, called The Last King of Ulster, 3 vols., 
London, 1841, is almost unknown, but is well worthy to be ranked with Sir Samuel 
Ferguson's Hibernian Nights. Secretary of the Harbour Board from 1837, his antiquarian 
knowledge was of eminent service in the dispute between Lords Donegall and Templemore 
in regard to the ownership of the bed and soil of the River Lagan. 



NOTES. 253 

Page I. Savage of the English Conquest 

The two chief branches of the great Anglo-Norman family of Savage (originally Le 
Sauvage) were that of Derbyshire and Cheshire, represented by the Viscounts Savage and 
Earls Rivers (titles now extinct), and that of Ulster, mainly seated in the Ards, but formerly 
possessed also of extensive territories in Antrim and in Lecale. The founder of the family 
was Le Sieur Thomas Le Sauvage, whose name appears in Brompton's Chrotiicle and other 
documents as having accompanied William the Conqueror from Normandy, a.d. 1066. The 
founder of the great Ulster branch, the members of which played such a conspicuous part in 
early Anglo-Irish history, was Sir William Le Savage, who appears to have been 
a son of Sir Geoffrey Le Savage, of Stainesby, in Derbyshire, who was great-grandson of 
the above-mentioned Thomas Le Sauvage. Sir William Le Savage accompanied De 
Courcy in the invasion of Ulster, a.d. 1177, established himself in the Ards, and was 
subsequently a Palatine Baron. Ardkeen Castle, the chief seat of the branch known as " the 
Savages of Ardkeen," is referred to by De Courcy in his Charter to Black Abbey in the 
Ards, A.D. 1 180 ; and Portaferry Castle was no doubt built about the same time. William 
Baron Le Savage was succeeded in the representation of the family by his son, Sir Robert Le 
Savage, Knt. (living in 1204), who was succeeded by his son, Henry Le Savage (living in 
1259, died about 1277), who was succeeded by his son, Henry Le Savage (born August 10, 
1270), whose successor was Sir Robert Savage (who died in 1360), a very famous knight, on 
whom, for his services, Edward HL bestowed very extensive estates in Antrim, and whose 
Antrim seat was Lisanoure Castle. Sir Robert was succeeded by his son, Henry, Lord 
Savage, a Baron by writ-of-summons, who was succeeded in the representation of the family by 
Sir Robert Savage, Knt. (last mentioned in 1389), who was the first sheriff of the Ards, then 
constituted a distinct county, and who, besides his Ards and Antrim territories, became, 
through his conflicts with the Irish, possessed also of Lecale. He marrie 1 Christiana 
MacDonnell, daughter of John, Lord of the Isles, and granddaughter of Robert II. 
of Scotland. He was succeeded by Robert Savage (died about 1469), who was 
succeeded by Patrick Savage (died about 1482), who was succeeded by Sir Roland 
Savage, Knt., Seneschal of Ulster, who died in 1519. Sir Roland's son and successor 
was Raymond Savage, surnamed Ferdoragh Mac Seneschal, "the dark son of the 
Seneschal." Owing to the combination of forces ranged against him, Raymond Savage 
lost his hold of Lecale. A contention now arose between him and his near kinsman, another 
Roland, for supremacy in the Ards. The strife was long and disastrous, and at last both 
parties agreed to refer the subject of dispute to the Lord Deputy and Council ; and in a.d. 1559 
they appeared before their Lordships and prayed them to " put a quiet and loving end" to 
their differences. The enrolment of the Treaty established between them is in the Patent 
and Close Rolls in the Record Office, Dublin, dated 1559. It does not appear that this 
document confers any actual right of precedence upon one party or the other. Roland was 
to have the rights of " Captain of his Nation " within the lands which correspond to the 
Portaferry estate, with, clearly, Portaferry Castle as the centre ; and Raymond was to have 
the rights of " Captain of his Nation " within the lands which correspond to the Ardkeen 
estate, with Ardkeen (" Ardkyne '') Castle as the centre. Thus the Little Ards were pretty 
evenly divided between Roland and Raymond Savage, whose descendants respectively have 
been known ever since as the Savages of Portaferry and the Savages of Ardkeen. This Roland 
Savage was not a brother of Raymond, and Raymond was undoubtedly the son and repre- 
sentative of Sir Roland Savage, the Seneschal, who was the representative of the Savage 
family in Ulster, and the most powerful of the name, in his time. Their adoption of the 
tanistry custom makes questions of precedency in Irish and Norman-Irish families often 
very difficult to determine. Raymond was, as we have seen, surnamed Mac Seneschal, 
" the son of the Seneschal," and his descendants were known always as the " Family of the 
Seneschal;" and under the Castle Hill of Ardkeen is a little inlet of the Lough still 
called Seneschal's Port. Montgomery is right in saying that the Savages of Portaferry 
were (subsequently) styled " Lords Savage," and this was probably through some of them 
having been, like the common ancestor Henry, Baron Savage, summoned to Parliament by writ 
(see p. 139). Montgomery was connected with both branches of the family, but more closely 
with the Portaferry branch than with the Ardkeen branch. The Ardkeen estates were sold in 
1837 to the late Mr. Harrison, of Belfast, and are now the property of Captain Harrison, of 
Holywood, Co. Down. The present representative of the Savages of Ardkeen in the direct 
male line is Colonel Henry John Savage, of .Southsea, son of the late Lieut. -General Henry 
John Savage, r.e. , formerly of Ballygalget (Rock Savage), Co. Down ; grandson of Major- 
General Sir John Boscawen Savage, of Ballygalget (Rock Savage), k.c.b., k.c.h., &c. ; and 
great-great-great-grandson of Captain Hugh Savage, of Ardkeen, who died in 1723. The last 
of the Savages of Ardkeen who resided in the Ards were the Glastry branch, who are repre- 
sented by G. F. Savage-Armstrong, Esq., m.a., d.lit., &c., of Beech Hurst, Bray, Co. 
Wicklow, and Rushbrooke, Queenstown, Co. Cork, grandson of the Rev. Henry Savage, of 
Glastry, J.P., Incumbent of Ardkeen, and great-great-grandson (maternally) of Francis 



254 Old Belfast. 

Savage, of Ardkeen, Esq., High Sheriff of Co. Down, who died in 1770. The Savages of 
Portaferry happily still hold their ancient hereditary estates in the Little Ards, and are 
represented by Lieut. -General Andrew Nugent, j.p. and d.l., late Lt.-Col. commanding 
Royal Scots Greys, whose grandfather, Lt.-Col. Andrew Savage, on inheriting a portion 
of the fortune of his maternal grand -uncle, Governor Nugent, assumed by Royal License 
the name of Nugent, and claimed the Barony of Delvin. The Savages, now Nugents, 
of Portaferry, are the only Anglo-Norman family in Ulster who still possess and reside 
upon lands won by their ancestors at the Conquest, A.D. 1177. An admirable and exhaus- 
tive history of the Ulster Savages will be found in the sumptuous volume entitled, "The 
Ancient and Noble Family of the Savages of the Ards," published by Messrs. Marcus Ward 
&Co., Belfast, 1888. 

Page 4. Piers and Mai.bie 

Some account of these Elizabethan soldiers and their exploits is given in Sir Henry Sidney's 
Memoir of his Government in Ireland, edited by H. F. Hore {Ulster Journal of ArchcTology, 
vol. iii. p. 33). Hill's MacDoiniells of Antrim, p. 144, contains some reference to Piers, 
who pickled Shane O'Neill's head in a pipkin, and sent it to I^ord-Deputy Sydney. Piers 
was Seneschal of Claneboy, and also Constable of Carrickfergus Castle. He is frequently 
mentioned as Mayor in the Town Records of Carrickfergus MS., which the Editor is pre- 
paring for publication. A curious entry occurs in 1 571, showing that the peasantry were 
remiss in their military duties. "At a court held on 26 June, 1571, before Richard Sendall, 
Mayor, and Wolston Elderton and Cornelius Ochan, Sheriffs, in the Town House of 
Carrickfergus, It was ordered for that the Mayor, sending his officers to warne as well 
the Husbandmen or Labourers, as also ther Garrons, to be in redinesse for the service of hur 
Majestye, that the sayd husl^andmen for filing away should paye for the want of every 
Garron five shill^ currant mony of England, and for filing away of every such husbandman 
or labourer Twelve pense sterl." In 1575, " Daniell Beggahan and Murto O'Henry, for 
hiding themselves and their garrons, were fined 7s. 8d." It is mentioned in a letter in the 
State Paper Office, dated 25 September, 1567, at Carrickfergus, that Robert Lyth has 
arrived in the town, "and has drawn two plats" of it. This was the curious map given 
in Ulster Journal of Archaology. vol. iii. p. 276. It represents this ancient seaport the 
year before Sir Henry Sydney's visit, and six years prior to its burning by Sir Brian O'Neill. 
For one of W. Pinkerton's most valuable papers, entitled, "The 'Pallace' of Carrick- 
fergus," with coloured plate, see Ulster Jotirnal of Archaology, vol. vii. p. i. 

Page II. Irish Linen Yarns 

The history of the Irish linen trade has yet to be written in an exhaustive manner. 
Many references occur in the State Papers which have not yet been utilised. The earliest 
notice of linen in Ireland is given by Froissart, time of Richard II. Henry Castide, an Italian 
traveller, told him — "I caused breeches of linen cloth to be made for the four Kings of 
Ireland when I was there." Pinkerton intended to treat of it thoroughly in his History of 
Belfast. Some of his notes are subjoined. " In 1572, Queen Elizabeth granted one Thomas 
Moore a license to transplant from Ireland three thousand packs of linen yarn in five years. 
The Mayors of Dublin and Drogheda with others petitioned for the withdrawal of the license, 
asserting that three thousand packs was a greater quantity of yarn than the whole realm of 
Ireland could produce in the five years limited. — State Papers. \_Note. — I have somewhere 
met with the weight or measure of a pack of woollen yarn, but not of linen.] ISS^- William 
Fyan received the grant in fee farm of a nunnery called the Hogges, beside Dublin, annual 
value £() 13s. 4d., on entering into recognisance to erect and set upon the site of that late 
suppressed nunnery six looms of linen and woollen yarn in the space of one year {State 
Papers). Oct. 21, 1550. Lord Deputy St. Leger writes to the English Privy Council that he 
has prohibited the exportation of wool, tallow, butter, linen yarn, &c., from Ireland, as it 
only encouraged idleness" {State Papers). Many other notices might be given besides those 
cited above. 

Sir H. .Sydney writes to Secretary Walsingham in 1576, relative to licenses for export- 
ing yarn, that he is "loth to destroy a creature of his own making," and an invention of his 
own for setting people to work at home, and not to transport the commodity raw and 
unwrought, as they were accustomed. In Strafford's Letters (of which the Editor possesses 
the late Bishop Reeves' annotated copy), several references to the linen trade occur. He 
writes to Sir William Boswell, probably Minister in Holland in 1635, from Dublin, "The 
bearer I send to buy some Flax seed, which I find by this last year's trial to take extremely 
well in this country ; and very ambitious I am to set up a trade of Linnen Clothing in these 
parts ; which, if God bless, so as to be effected, will, I dare say, be the greatest enriching to 
this Kingdom that ever befel it (vol. i. p. 473)." On Strafford's trial, charge thirteenth was 
as follows: — " That he monopolised all the flax of the kingdom, and prescribed rules and 
methods of making yarn and thread which the natives could not practise, and ordering all 
made in any other manner to be seized, which was accordingly executed with severity, by 
which multitudes were ruined and many starved." 



NOTES. 



255 



In the Treasure of Traffic , published in 1641, mention is made of Liverpool as a great 
market in which Irish merchants disposed of their linen yarns. 

In an early Northern Whig, Samuel M'Skimin gave some notes on the progress 
of manufacturing by machinery in the County of Antrim. It is noted: — " 1741 — 
William Dobbin, Belfast, invented the Beetling Engine for Linen Cloth, which was formerly 
beetled by hand. 1749 — Francis Joy, Randalstown, established a mill for dressing flax, 
which is thus described at the time, ' A complete new mill for dressing flax was finished 
and set to work at Randalstown by Francis Joy, which will dress 14 lb. of flax in an hour, 
fit for the heckle.' 1777 — The printing of cotton and linen cloths was established at 
Greencastle by Nicholas Grimshaw. 1801 — The Linen Board offered large premiums to 
such as would erect mills for spinning hemp or flax by water or steam. The writer supposes 
that the first spinning mill erected in Antrim was in the vicinity of Crumlin or Stoneyford." 

Robert S. Macadam as far back as 1837 had collected " Notes on the History of Belfast 
Spinning, &c., and probably intended to write about it. Some of his notes are curious. 
" E. Getty has a letter written by his grand-uncle to his landlord about a farm for keeping 
cows for giving buttermilk to bleach. He understands that the ancestor of Bradshaw, of 
Mile Cross, Co. Down, first introduced diapers and damasks, and went over to Holland to 
get men, &c." He gives the following list of flax spinning mills as at work in January, 1836, 
in the North of Ireland : — 



1. Andrew MulhoUand & Co., Belfast. 

2. S. K. MulhoUand, Hind & Co., Belfast. 

3. J. & J. Herdman & Co., Belfast. 

4. J. & J. Herdman & Co., Francis Street, 

5. John Boyd & Co., Belfast. 

6. John Murphy & Co., Belfast. 

7. Charters. Coates & Gamble, Belfast. 

8. Stewart & M'Clelland, near Belfast. 

9. Robert Thompson, near Belfast. 

10. Dr. M'Kibbin, near Belfast. 

11. John Montgomery & Co., Grove, Belfast, 

Co. Down. 

12. Jas. Grimshaw & Son, Whitehouse. 

13. Edmund Grimshaw, Mossley. 

14. R & R. Watt, Doagh. 



15. W. Cunliffe, Glynn. 

16. Walker & Co., Carrickfergus. 

17. Jas. Murland & Son, Castlewellan. 

18. Samuel Law, Banbridge. 

19. Dunbar, Stewart & Co., Gilford. 

20. William Hudson, near Newry. 

21. Joseph Nicholson & Son, Newry. 

22. A. & J. Davison, Broughshane. 

23. T. & A. Davison, Laragh, near Castle- 

blayney. 

24. H. M'Kean, Ready. 

25. Smith, near Ballymoney. 

26. Herdman, Lyons & Co., near Strabane. 

27. W. Cowan & Co., Whiteabbey. 



Names of the present Bleachers in the Province of Ulster (i8jg), compiled 

by R. S. Macadam. 



ANTRIM. 



Jonathan and Jas. Richardson 

Jas. W. Richardson & Sons 

Coulsons 

Roberts 

M'Cance 

W. Orr 

Sadler, Fenton & Co. (Springfield) 

R. Howie & Co 

W. J. Moore 

Thos. Macky & Co 

Jno. F. Ferguson 

M ichael Andrews (Kilroot) 

W.Gray 

W. Chaine & Sons 
Thos. Ferguson & Sons . . 

Miller (Ross) 

David Kirk 

W. Johnston 

W. Gihon & Sons 

J. & R. Young 

J. & D. Curell 

J. & A. Barklie (Lame) . . 

„ (CuUybackey) . . 

Smith & Co. (Ballyclare) 
M'Conkey & Howie (Lambeg) 
H. Bragg & Son . . 
Beck (near Antrim) 



Pieces 
bleach about 



Henry Murland 
Crawford . . 
Mulligan .. 
E. C. Clibborn 
Richard Hayes 
J. Smyth & Co. 
Jas.M'Clelland 
Uprichard 



DOWN. 



per an. 
35,000 
40,000 
12,000 
12,000 
15,000 
18,000 
25,000 
45,000 
18,000 
10,000 
25,000 
20,000 
30,000 
50,000 
25,000 
12,000 
15,000 
10,000 
30,000 
40,000 
30,000 
30,000 

5,000 
15,000 
15,000 
25,000 

5,000 



15,000 
25,000 
20,000 
15,000 
25,000 
40,000 
15,000 
15,000 



Isaac Stoney 

Jno. Christy 

Benjamin Haughton 

W. Nicholson (Donacloney) 

Brown ,, 

M'Clelland & M'Murray (Dromore) 

Jas. Andrews & Sons (Comber) 

ARMAGH. 

Jos. M'Kee(Keady) .. 
Sam. Kyd . . 

Alex. Kyd 

W. Kirk 

TYRONE. 

SprouU (Strabane) 

Gunning & Moore (Cookstown) 

Jonathan Pike . . 

Henry Atkinson (Moy) . . 

O'Neill (Strabane) 

Gwynne 

DONEGAL. 
J. & J. Johnson (Ballybofey) . . 

LONDONDERRY. 

Smith & M'Clelland (Ardmore) 

Lyle(Oaks) 

Pollock & Smith (Garvagh) 
S. Bennett (Coleraine) .. 
Hemphill & Co. (Coleraine) . . 
Bennet & Adams „ 

G.& A. Barklie 
S. & T. Alexander (Derry) 
Alexander (Newtownlimavady) 
„ (Maghera) .. 



Pieces 
bleach about 


per an. 
15,000 




15,000 




10,000 




25,000 




20,000 


ore) ,, 


25,000 




20,000 


j» 


18,000 


,) 


30,OCX5 


»j 


I5,CK>0 


}* 


30,000 




15,000 




10,000 




15,000 




5,000 




5,000 




15,000 



25,000 



30,000 
30,000 
25,000 
20,000 
50,000 

25,000 
25,000 
5,000 
10,000 
10,000 



256 



Old Belfast. 



Page 15. And how Sir Brian hath lately burnt 

The Records of Carrickfergus MS. note — "Curia tenta secundo die Junii an°- 1573, 
coram Capitainn Giiilielm Pierse Major, Wolston Elderton and Johannem Deere, Vice 
com=- in le Town house de Knockfergus. In this yeare the 2^ day of June was this Towne 
of Knockfergus for the most part destroyed by fier, by reason of Captaine Smithes departure 
out of the same with his force, not leaving sufficient force to defend the same, by Sur Brian 
M'^Phellime and his co-perteners. In the same yeare abought the 20'h of August came the 
right honorable the Earle of Essex into this land as Lord Governour of the Province of Ulster, 
accompanied with many a lusty Gentleman, and landed in this Towne of Knockfergus." 

Page 16. Answer to the Lord Treasurer's Objections 

The Records of Carrickfergus MS. contain the following reference to this dispute : — 
" 1594. The loth of Tune, William Lymsey, Recorder, and Humfery Jhonson, of the Same 
Town, Alderman, being appointed and chosen by the whole consente of the Towne to be 
Agents for the obtaynenge of thear Auntyent Lands and Comons, departed the Towne the day 
and yeare aforesayde for England, for the graunte and passing whearof they obtayned the 
Quene's letter to S"' William Russell, then L^ Deputy, and the Counsell, and from them a 
Commission under the greate scale of Ireland for the Boundinge and mearinge thearof." 
There is a small map of the County Palatine of Carrickfergus in the Barony maps of the Down 
Survey, now in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, showing the Silver Stream as the western 
boundary, and Coplin Water running down to the town out of Lough Mourne, a lake which 
derived its name from the M'Mornas, subsequently M'Gillmores. 

Page 20. Sir A. Chichester and Island Magee. 1601 

Richard Dobbs, in his description of Co. Antrim, 1683, printed in Hill's Mac Donnells 
of Antrim, says of Island Magee :— " This Island once belonged to the Earl of Essex, who 
was beheaded in the time of Queen Elizabeth: his patent was once in my hands." The 
lease of the island granted by'Sir A. Chichester to Sir Moses has very recently fallen in, 
and the property has reverted to the Marquis of Donegall. Dobbs gives the definition 
Island Magee from the " Magees that lived here in former times." "John Magie of the 
Gat" is mentioned in the Records of Carrickfergus as having a quarter share of common 
land in 1606. " Hugh Magy, of Hand Magee, gent.," was a juror in 1613. 

Page 21. Letter from Thomas Walker 

This curious letter, with its apology for the writer's failure to assassinate the Earl of 
Tyrone, seems not to have been published. It is printed from a copy in the Macadam MSS. 
For references to this and other attempts at his assassination, see Life of Hugh Roe 
O'Domiell, by Rev. Denis Murphy, S.J., ll.d. (p. cli.). 

Page 23. Inquisition taken at Ardquin 

This is a part of the papers concerning Sir Thomas Smith's grant, which occupy many 
pages of MS. in Pinkerton's handwriting. They were largely used by Benn, and much of 
the matter also appears in Hill's Montgomery Manuscripts. Pinkerton has the following 
note relative to the boundary of Smith's territory, taken from this Inquisition :— ' ' Until 
where the river of Blackstaff falls into Lough Conn, there the mearing between the great and 
little Ardes proceeds direct through the middle of the river of Blackstaff and by the middle of 
the ford of Belfast, and on the same river until the river aforesaid emerges from a certain 
moor called m English the bog of Portabogagh." This was a line following the Lagan to 
its source, and thence probably to Dundrum Bay, as a stream called the Blackstaff is shown 
at this point on the ordnance map. 

Page 27. Timber in Ulster 

Pinkerton gives no clue about this extract. There is an account of the great wood at 
Portmore, in Kilultagh, belonging to Sir Fulke Conway, in Johnstone's Heterogenea, Down- 
patrick, 1803. Arthur Stringer, huntsman to Lord Conway, in his Experienced Huntstnan^ 
Belfast, 1 7 14, gives a graphic account of hunting the deer in this forest of 3,000 acres._ (See 
"An Account of some Notable Books printed in Belfast," by Robert M. Young, in The 
Library, May, 1895.) 

Page 28. The Plantation of Ulster 

This letter affords a valuable insight into the real character of the Ulster settlers. Lord 
Chichester preferred Devonshire families for his estate about Belfast. The portrait of the 
great founder of Belfast, as he may justly be styled, is a slightly-reduced /ar-«'w«7« of the 
very rare engraving published by I. Thome in 1781, from a copy in Pinkerton's MSS. For 
an account of Lord Chichester and view of his tomb, see Town Book of Belfast, p. 220, et seq. 

Page 30. Assizes held in Ulster, a.d. 161 5 

The original Record of the Ulster Roll of Gaol Delivery. 1613-1618, in the Exchequer 
Record Office, Dublin, was translated from Latin by J. F. Ferguson, and partly printed in 



Notes. 



257 



Ulster Journal of Archeology, vols. i. , ii. The portion now given was not used by Macadam, 
but is printed here as an interesting contribution to local history. Mr. C. H. Brett kindly 
contributes the following legal notes : — 

In indictments for homicide, it was usual to express the value of the weapon, although 
the value was immaterial. This was done because the instrument was forfeited as a Deodand 
to the King, and the township was liable for its value if it were not forthcoming. 

The reason for stating the value of the goods in indictments in cases of larceny was 
that, until the reign of George IV., there was an important distinction between grand larceny 
and petty larceny, the former comprising all cases where the goods were above twelve pence 
in value. 

Under the Saxon laws, theft, if above the value of twelve pence, was nominally punished 
with death ; but the prisoner was permitted to redeem his life by a pecuniary ransom. But 
by 9 Henry I. larceny above twelve pence became a hanging matter, and so continued until 
7 and 8 George IV. in England, 9 George IV. in Ireland. 

Grand larceny was a " clerg)'able" offence — i.e., the prisoner was entitled to the 
" benefit of clergy." 

From the pious regard paid to the Church, exemptions of the persons of clergy from 
criminal proceedings before the secular judge were originally granted in a few particular 
cases. Then the clergy extended the exemptions and persons until they comprehended 
every little subordinate office belonging to the Church or clergy. Originally, no man was 
admitted to the privilege of clergy but such as had the tonsure and habit ; but in process 
of time everyone who could read was accounted a dericus, and allowed the benefit of 
clerkship. 

When, after the invention of printing, learning became more disseminated, so many lay- 
men claimed the privilege that, by statute 4 Henry VII. c. 1 3, a distinction was drawn 
between lay scholars and clerks in orders. 

By this statute a person could claim benefit of clergy only once, unless he produced his 
orders ; and all laymen who were allowed the privilege were to be burnt with a hot iron in 
the brawn of the left thumb. 

After this burning, the laity, and before it the real clergy, were discharged from the 
sentence of the law in the King's Courts, and delivered over to the Bishop, to be dealt with 
according to the Ecclesiastical Canons. 

Then the Bishop set himself formally to make a purgation of the offender by a new 
canonical trial, held before himself or his deputy and a jury of 12 clerks. Before them, the 
party made oath of his own innocence ; next 12 compurgators swore they believed he spoke 
the truth ; then witnesses for the prisoner only were examined, and the jury generally 
acquitted the prisoner ! 

This scandalous state of things continued until the time of Queen Elizabeth, when a 
statute provided that after an offender had been allowed his clergy and been burned, he 
should be enlarged ; but the judge might continue him in gaol for not more than a year. 

By a statute of William HI., burning in the hand was changed to burning in the most 
visible part of the left cheek nearest the nose, and this continued till by a statute of Anne it 
was repealed, and benefit of clergy granted to all who were entitled to ask it without requir- 
ing them to read. 



LIST OF THE HIGH SHERIFFS OF COUNTY ANTRIM, 1603-1895. 



1603. 
1613. 
1618. 
1622. 
1625. 
1626. 
1627. 
1628. 
1629. 
1630. 
1631. 
1632. 
1633. 
1634. 
1635. 
1636. 
1659. 
1660. 
i65i. 
1662. 
1663. 
1664. 
1665. 
1666. 



Tfiomas Pavel), Carrickfergus. 
Sir Hugh Clotwortliy, ,, 
Sir Hugh Clotworthy, Antrim. 
Sir Hugh Clotworthy, ,, 
Moses Hill, Strandmillis. 
Neal Oge O'Neill, Killylagh. 
Cormick O'Hara, Creabilly. 
William Huston, Craigs Castle. 
Alexander M'Donnell, Glenarm. 
Robert Adair, Ballymena. 
Arthur O'Neill. 
Alexander Stuart, Ballintoy. 
John Donaldson, Glenarm. 
Arthur Hill. 

Edward Maxwell, Connor. 
John Dalway, Bellahill. 
Arthur Upton, Templepatrick. 
John Shaw, Bush. 
Hercules Langford. 
Alexander Dalway, Bellahill. 
Thomas Warrin, Belfast. 
Richard Dobbs, Castle Dobbs. 
John Donaldson, Glenarm. 
Anthony Horsman, Carrickfergus. 



1667. Francis Stafford, Portglenone. 

1668. Patrick Agnew, Ballygally. 

1669. Archibald Edmonston, Red Hall. 

1670. Sir Robert Colville, Galgorm. 

1671. George Macartney, Belfast. 

1672. William Upton, Templepatrick. 

1673. Thadeus O'Hara, Creabilly. 

1674. John Galland, Vow. 

1675. Randall Brice, Kilroot. 

1676. William Huston, Craigs Castle. 

1677. William Lesley, Ballymoney. 

1678. Edward Harrison, Kilultagh. 

1679. Henry Spencer, jun., Trummery. 

1680. Randall Smith, Lisburn. 

1681. George Macartney, Belfast. 

1682. John Bickerstaffe, Rosegift. 

1683. John Bickerstaffe died 20 May ; succeeded 

by Charles Stuart. 

1684. Henry Davys, Carrickfergus. 

1685. Thomas Knox, Belfast. 

1686. Cormick O'Neill, Broughshane. 

1687. Cormick O'Neill, „ 

1688. Shane O'Neill. 

1689. Shane O'Neill. 



258 



Old Belfast. 



1691. Thomas Smith, appointed 20 November. 

1692. Thomas Smith. 

1693. William Shaw, Bush. 

1694. Richard Dobbs, jun., Ballynure. 

1695. Clotworthy Upton, Templepatrick. 

1696. Sir Robert Adair, Ballymena. 

1697. Michael Harrison, Lisburn. 

1698. Edmond Ellis, Brookhill. 

1699. Andrew Clements, Straid. 

1700. John O'Neill, Shanescastle. 

1701. John Davys, Carrickfergus. 

1702. Benjamin Galland, Vow. 

1703. Charles O'Neill, Shanescastle. 

1704. Brent Spencer, 'Trummery. 

1705. John Davys, Carrickfergus. 

1706. Westerna Waring, Belfast. 

1707. Edward Clements, Straid. 

1708. Benjamin Galland, Vow. 

1709. Arthur Davys, Carrickfergus. 

1710. William Shaw, Bush, died 28 June. 
Andrew Clements, Straid. 

1711. Andrew Clements, Straid. 

1712. Weste/na Waring, Belfast. 

1713. Brent Spencer, Lisburn. 

1714. Robert Green, Belfast. 

1715. Edmd. T. Stafford, Mount Stafford. 

1716. Edward Clements, Straid. 

1717. James Hamilton, Cloughmills. 
171S. William Moore. 

1719. Hercules Upton, Templepatrick. 

1720. Arthur Dobbs, Castle Dobbs. 

1721. Francis Clements, Straid. 

1722. Henry O'Hara, Creabilly. 

1723. William Johnston, Glynn. 

1724. Ezekiel Wm. Crombie, Cromore. 

1725. Ezekiel D. Wilson, Carrickfergus. 

1726. Sir Robert Adair, Ballymena. 

1727. Rowley Hill. 

1728. John Skeffington, Dervock. 

1729. Charles O'Neill, Shanescastle. 

1730. Valentine Jones, Belfast. 

1731. Alexander Stuart, Ballintoy. 

1732. John Moore. 

1733. Hector M'Neale. 

1734. Hugh Boyd, Ballycastle. 

1735. John Huston, Craigs Castle. 

1736. Clotworthy O'Neill, Randalstown. 

1737. Hill Wilson, Purdysburn. 

1738. Edward Smith, Lisburn. 

1739. Davj's Wilson, Carrickfergus. 

1740. William Boyd, Ballycastle. 

1741. Conway Spencer, Trummery, 

1742. Felix O'Neill, O'Neills' Brook. 

1743. George Macartney, Belfast. 

1744. William Agnew, Kilwaughter. 

1745. Charles M'Daniel, Clogher. 

1746. John Cuppage, Ballycastle. 

1747. Edmond M'Naghten, Beardeville. 

1748. Edward Brice, Kilroot. 

1749. Roger M'Neill. 

1750. Roger Moore, Cloverhill. 

1751. John Dunkin, Clogher. 

1752. Conway R. Dobbs, Castle Dobbs. 

1753. Robert Adair, Ballymena. 

1754. Bernard O'Neill, Triminary. 

1755. John Rowan, Bellisle. 

1756. John M'Naghten, Benvarden. 

1757. Arthur Upton, Templepatrick. 
1738. Charles O'Hara, O'Hara's Brook. 

1759. James Lesley, Leslie Hill. 

1760. Richard Maginnis, Lisburn. 

1761. Alex. Boyd, jun., Ballycastle. 

1762. Alexander Stuart, Ballintoy. 

1763. John Henry, Clover Hill. 

1764. Rowley Heyland, Crumlin. 

1765. Charles Hamilton, Portglenone. 

1766. Alexander M'Auley, Cushendall. 

1767. Sampson Moore, Moore Lodge. 

1768. Thomas Thomson, Greenmount. 

1769. Bryan M'Manus, Mountdavis. 

1770. Alexander Legge, Malone. 

1771. Lord Dunluce, Glenarm. 
'772. John O'Neill, Shanescastle. 
1773. Hugh Boyd, Ballycastle. 



1774- 
1775- 



1776. 
1777. 
1778. 
1779. 
1780. 
1781. 
1782. 

1783- 
1784. 
1785. 
1786. 
1787. 
178S. 
1789. 
1790. 
1791. 
1792. 

1793- 
1794. 

1795- 
1796. 
1797. 
1798. 
1799. 
1800. 
1801. 
1802. 
1803. 
1804. 
1805. 
1806. 
1807. 
1808. 
1809. 
1810. 
1811. 
1812. 
1S13. 
1814. 
1815. 
1816. 
1817. 
1818. 
1819. 
1820. 
1821. 
1822. 
1823. 
1824. 
1825. 
1826. 
1827. 
1828. 
1829. 
183c. 
1831. 
1832. 

1833- 
1834. 

1835- 
1836. 

1837- 
1838. 
1839. 
1840. 
1841. 
1842. 
1843. 
1844. 
1845. 
1846. 

1847- 

1848. 
1849. 
i8=,c. 
1851. 
1852. 

1853- 
1854. 

1855. 



St. John O'Neill, Portglenone. 

Robert Morris Jones, Moneyglass, died in 

Feb., and Sam. Bristow was appointed in 

his room. 
Ezekiel D. Boyd, Ballycastle. 
William Dunkin, Clogher. 
William Moore, Killagan. 
Robert Rowan, Bellisle. 
William Legge, Malone. 
Barthw. M'Naghten, Carringlass. 
Alexander M'Manus, Mountdavis. 
John Brown, Belfast. 
John Crombie, Cromore. 
Henry O'Hara, O'Hara's Brook. 
John Allen, Springmount. 
Robert Gage, Rathlin. 
Henry W. Shaw, Ballytweedy. 
Charles Crymble, Ballyclare. 
Samuel Allen, Allen's Brook. 
Richard G. Ker, Red Hall. 
Hugh Boyd, Ballycastle. 
Edmd. A. INI'Naghten, Beardeville. 
Roger Moore, Clover Hill. 
Stewart Banks, Belfast. 
James Watson, Brookhill. 
Honble. Chichester Skeffington, Belfast. 
James S. Moore, Ballydivity. 
James Lesley, Prospect. 
Geo. A. M'Claverty, Glynn. 
Thomas B. Adair, Loughanmore. 
Langford Heyland, Glenoak. 
Edward J. Agnew, Kilwaughter. 
Hugh Montgomery, Benvarden. 
Sir Henry V. Tempest, Glenarm. 
Honble. John V. O'Neill, Tullamore. 
Francis M'Naghten, Clogher. 
William Moore, Moore Lodge. 
Sampson Moore. 
Ezekiel D. Boyd, Ballycastle. 
James Caulfield. 
John Campbell. 
George Bristow, Belfast. 
John Rowan, Lame. 
James Agnew Farrell, Larne. 
Robert Thompson, Greenmount. 
Samuel Thompson. 

Right Hon. T. H. Skeffington, Antrim. 
John Montgomery, Benvarden. 
Edmund M'Donnell, Glenarm. 
John Crombie, Cromore. 

The Hon. H. R. Pakenham, Langford Lodge. 
W. W. Legge, INIalone. 
Francis Turnly. 

George Hutchinson, Ballymoney. 
Alexander M'Manus, Mountdavis. 
John M'Cance, Suffolk. 
Cunningham Greg, Belfast. 
Nich. D. Crommelin, Carrowdore Castle. 
Richard Magenis, Dirraw. 
George H. Macartney, Lissanoure. 
Alexander M'Neile, Ballycastle. 
Charles O'Hara, O'Hara's Brook. 
David Ker, Red Hall. 
Hugh Leckey, Bushmills. 
Edward Bruce, Scoutbush. 
Edmund C. MacNaghten. 
James Owens, Holestone. 
James Agnew, Fisherwick. 
Thomas Greg, Ballymenoch. 
Conway R. Dobbs, Castle Dobbs. 
Alex. H. Halliday, Clifden. 
John M'Neile, Parkmount. 
John IM'Gildowney, Ballycastle. 
John White, Broughshane. 
Thomas M. H. Jones, Moneyglass. 
William Moore, Moorefort. 
Charles M'Garel, Lame. 
James S. Moore, Ballydivity. 
Alexander Montgomery, Antrim. 
James T. Tennent, Belfast. 
Robert Smyth, Gaybrook. 
R. A. S. Adair, Ballymena. 
James E. Leslie, Ballymoney. 
Lord Robert Montagu, Portstewart. 



Notes. 



259 



1856. Ambrose O'Rorke, Ballybolan. 

1857. Robert Grimshaw, Whitehouse. 

1858. Andrew Mulholland, Springvale. 

1859. George Gray, Grayrr.ount. 

i860. Henry Hugh M'Neile, Parkmount. 

1861. H. H. Hamilton O'Hara, Crebilly House. 

1862. Fredk. H. Henry, Lodge Park, Co. Kildare. 

1863. John Young, Galgorm Castle. 

1864. William Coates, Glentoran. 

1865. John F. Ferguson, Belfast. 

1866. W. T. B. Lyons, Old Park. 

1867. Sir Edward Coey, Knt., Merville. 

1868. Richard Henry Magenis, Deraw. 

1869. John Thomson, Low-wood. 

1870. Robert Jas. Montgomery, Benvardem. 

187 1. Henry Adair. 

1872. Robert C. Thomson, Castleton. 

1873. James Chaine, Ballycraigy. 

1874. Thos. Casement (spring). Bailee House. 
J. F. Montgomery (sum.), Ballydrain. 

1875. R. J. Ale.\ander, Portglenone House. 



1S76. Sir Charles Lanyon, Knt., The Abbey. 

1877. Sir F. E. Macnaghten, Bart., Dundarave. 

1878. James Owens, Holestone. 

1879. Edmund M'Neill, Craigdun. 

1880. James Stewart Moore, Ballydivity. 

1881. John Casement, Magherintemple. 

1882. Anthony Traill, ll.d., Ballylough House. 

1883. Ogilvie B. Graham, Larchfield. 

1884. Wm. Ford Hutchinson, Stranccum House. 

1885. Thomas Montgomery, Ballydrain. 
1880. Samuel Allen, ll.d., Li.sconnan. 

1887. Major-General Henry Cole Magenis, Finvoy 

Lodge. 

1888. Montagu Wm. Edwd. Dobbs, Castle Dobbs. 
i88g. Capt. James Sinclair Cramsie, O'Harabrook. 

1890. Wm. Moore, m.d., Moore Lodge. 

1891. John Macaulay, Red Hall. 

1892. Geo. Edmonstone Kirk, Thornfield. 

1893. Victor Coates, Rathmore. 

1894. Henry Jones M'Cance, Larkfield. 

1895. Harold Wm. Stannus Gray, Graymount. 



The following document from M'Skimhi AfSS. is of much interest as showing the slight 
importance of Belfast at that time in comparison with Co. Antrim : — 

COPY OF GRAND WARRANT FOR LEVYING COUNTY ANTRIM CESS, PRESENTED AT 

CARRICKFERGUS ASSIZES, AUGUST, 1744, 

To James M'Calley for sweeping the House of Correction 

To Jacob Clark for one year's Salary as keeper of the House of Correction 

Assizes, August, 1744— Edmund M'Naghton, Esq., and Nich. Stuart Repairing 640 Perches of 
Great Road from Glenarm to Broughshane 

To Wm. Henry Blair, Esq., for Repairing the Great Road from Larne to Broughshane 

To Wm. Agnew, Esq., for Full Finishing the Great Road from Larne to Belfast 

To James Webster for Killing Vermin 

To James Allen for repairing 202 Perches of Road from Carrickfergus to Island Magee 

To Henry Burleigh for Repairing Si.x mile water Bridge 

To Francis Clements, Esq., for Full finishing 3S1 Perches of Great Road from Belfast to Larne .. 

To Kennedy Stafford, Esq., for Repairing that Part of the Road from Randalstown to Portglenone 

To John Blizard to Reimburse him sum expended in repairing Bridge Near Ballinderry Church. . 

To Mary Reid for Killing One Otter 

To Charles O'Hara for Killing Five Otters .. 

To Randal Flanagan for Killing Eight Otters 

To Charles Craig for Killing Vermin. . 

To Arch. Brown and Wm. White for Killing Two Otters 

To Arthur Hill, Robert Blackwood, Esqs., Rev. Bernard Ward, and Mr. Daniel Mussenden Re- 
pairing Belfast Bridge .. 

To Robert Kennedy and Daniel O'Neill for Repairing 600 perches of the Road from Turnemoyl 
Hill to Shanescastle 

To Bryan M'Laverty for Killing Vermin 

To Cornelius Crymble and Robert Wilson Carrying on and Repairing Road from Belfast to 
Broughshane .. 

To the Treasurer for half-a-year's Salary 

To Rev. Thomas Finley for Relief of Prisoners in Gaol 

To Jeremiah M'Cormack for Killing Vermin. . 

To Robert Freer and John Sloan for Killing Vermin .. 

To the Clerk of the Crown for Prosecuting the Overseers of the Highways 

To .^.ndrewStewart and Pierce Cullen for apprehending and convicting Hugh Kitteagh M'Neill, 
a notorious Robber 

To Wm. Agnew, Esq., for Transporting Hugh Gullion and John M'Fall to America 

To Wm. Henry Blair for Repairing Inver Bridge 

To Wm. Glass for Repairing the Roof of Shire Hall .. 

To Samuel Bristow, Esq., for Repairing Roof of Sessions House at Antrim 

To S. Bristow and J. Thompson Repairing 230 Perches of Road from Ballyclare to Antrim 

To Wm. Henry Blair for Repairing the Four Mile Burn Bridge .. .. 

To John Hamilton and Thomas Godfrey Repairing the Gaol of this County 

To Anthony Charleton Repairing 300 Perches of the Road from Randalstown to Portglenone 

To Thomas M'Cutcheon for Repairing Carnalogh Bridge 

To the Gaoler for one year's Salary . . 

To Edward Smyth for repairing 1,000 Perches of the Road from Lisburn to Antrim 



2 





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10 : 








15 : 









Page 31. Robert Openshaw 



-^559 : 9 :o 



He was Dean of Connor, Rector of Carrickfergus, and Chaplain to Lord Chichester. It 
is noted in the Records of Carrickfergus MS., under 5lh July, 1624 : — " It was also ordered, 
condiscended, and agreed, that the si.\ Pounds which this Towne and Corporacione did 
allowe and give unto Mr. Openshawe towards the payment of his house rent should be from 
and after Michaelmas next reduced unto three Pounds ster. per ann. , with which three 
Pounds he is to rest satisfyed and contented in that behalfe, and to have no more from the 
Towne but 3 ster. yearelye. Note — The 2Sth Aprilis, 1625, being the assembly daye, this 
was cancelled with a generall eonsent." 



26o Old Belfast. 

Page 32. The Ancient Gallows called " The Three Sisters," Carrickfergus 
Mr. Joseph W. Carey has reproduced the appearance of this once-dreaded place of execu- 
tion from the description furnished by Mr. John Coates, J. P. See Ulster in ^g8, by R. M. 
Young : Marcus Ward & Co., 1893 5 S^d Ed., p. 71. 

Page 35. "Ac interiora et membra secreta," &c. 

This was the barbarous sentence, " To be hung, drawn, and quartered." The prisoner 
was brought back to the gaol, his fetters taken off him, and he was led to the gallows and 
there hung by the neck " ac semi-mortuus ad terram prosternatum ac interiora et membra 
secreta ejus extra ventrem suum scindantur ipsumque adhuc viventem comburentur, et 
caput ejus amputetur, quodque corpus ejus in quatuor partes dividatur et caput et quarteria 
ilia disponantur ubi dominus Rex ei assignari velit. " 

Page 39. Order of the Exchequer 

These grants are more particularly set out in the Patent Rolls, James L Chichester 
seems to have shown here much consideration for these Northern chiefs. Sir Randal 
McDonnell was the first Earl of Antrim, an intimate friend and kinsman of King James I. 
(See Hill's MacDonnells of Antrim, passim.) 

Page 41. Commission on Waste of Woods, 1625 

The houses built particularly by the English settlers required much oak-wood, as many 
of them in such towns as Derry, Coleraine, Antrim, &c. , were half timbered. Such mansions 
as Joymount and Belfast Castle, with their massive beams and rafters, could not have been 
erected except large scantlings of timber were procured. In an old house recently taken 
down in North Street, the Editor observed a large beam of oak, which may have come from 
Belfast Castle. In Carrickfergus much old oak is to be met with, supposed by tradition to- 
have been used at Joymount House. It is mentioned in the Records of Carrickfergus MS. 
that persons are bound to build in the English manner of Cadge work, well tiled or slated. 
In Phillips' View of Belfast many of the roofs are coloured red to show tiles. 

Page 48. Dean Swift 

In the Pinkerton MSS. are several notices of Swift's connection with Belfast. Benn 
has utilised these in what he states about Dr. W. Tisdall, Vicar of Belfast. Pinkerton has 
copied the following extract from a fragment of one of Swift s letters in the Museum of the 
Dublin Society : — 

" Being in a vein of writing epigrams, I send you the following piece upon Tisdal, which 
I intend to send to all his acquaintances ; for he goes from house to house to show his wit 
upon me, for which I think it reasonable he should have something to stare him in the face : — 

UPON WILLIAM TISDAL, D.D. 



" When a Roman was dying, the next man of kin 
Stood over him gaping to take his breath in. 
Were Tisdal the same way to blow out his breath, 
Such a whiff to the living were much worse than 
death. 



Any man wilh a nose would much rather die, 

So would Jack, so would Dan, so would you, so 

would I. 
Without a reproach to the Doctor, I think, 
Whenever he dies, he must die with a stink." 



Page 49. Monroe's Raid 

This account, with the further dispatch, is apparently unpublished, and was transcribed 
by W. Pinkerton, probably from MSS. in T.C. D. Library. 

Page 55. The Cessation 

A number of letters referring to this event, copied in T.C.D. Library by W. Pinkerton, 
were printed by Benn as Appendix VII., History of Belfast. As to the destruction of corn, 
see p. 224 of present book 

Page 56. Monroe in Belfast 

This extract gives a fair example of Pinkerton's more finished pieces of composition. He 
would, doubtless, have embodied it without much change in his History of Belfast. Benn 
availed himself of it largely. See his History of Belfast, p. 163, et scq. 

Page 64. The Parliament and Belfast 

This excerpt from the Pinkerton A/SS. throws some light on the position of parties at 
Belfast in 1645. The Parliamentary party were bitterly opposed by the Scotch, and the 
King, through the Marquis of Antrim, endeavoured to tamper with the allegiance of the 
latter to the Covenant. The stranger called M'Donnel was doubtless his emissary. A 
scarce tract in the Editor's possession, entitled, " Murder Will Out ; or, the King's Letter, 
justifying the Marquess of Antrim, and declaring. That what he did in the /risk Rebellion was 
by Direction from his Royal Father and Mother, and for the Service of the Crown : London, 
1689," bears out this statement. A curious remonstrance against declaring the Marquis an 
"innocent," addressed to the King in 1663 from the Council in Dublin, is given at the end 
of a contemporary MS. of Clarendon's History of the Irish Rebellion in the Editor's 
possession. 



Notes. 261 

Page 65. Belfast Trade, &c., 1646-48 

Pinkerton had made many notes relative to these and later periods taken from original 
•documents, but unfortunately in most cases without references. Benn has used them largely 
in his notes on early trade, &c., in his History of Belfast. Some of Pinkerton's shorter notices 
-are subjoined : — "John Clugston, merchant, Belfast, to export from Liverpool or Chester to 
Belfast 12 bags hops, 2 packs broadcloth, 2 packs stuff, 2 packs of small ware, 10 doz. of 
hats, a bundle of bridle-reins, amounting to £yyo- David Maxwell and John McDowel, 
merchants of Newton, licensed to embark from Chester or Liverpool to Strangford, duty 
free. 3 boxes of apothecary drugs, 12 bags of hops, 1 packs of Yorkshire cloth and friezes, 
36 pieces of Norwich stuffs, trimming and furniture for clothes to the value of f^ip, 40 pair 
of shoes, 3 doz. sword belts, 3 doz. of spurs, 3 doz. of hats; 20 Nov., 1647. James Hamil- 
ton, of Bangor, from Liverpool to Strangford, Bangor, or Carrickfergus, 10 fardels cloth and 
■stuffs, 4 trunks with furniture for the same, 3 doz. of hats for officers, 3 fardels of hardware. 
Edward Davis, of Carrickfergus, from Liverpool, 15 trunks of broadcloths, stuffs, hollands, 
trimmings, sword-belts, gloves, buff coats, shammoys, four boxes of hats, rapiers, swords, 
3 packs of coarse linens and stockings." Some of the notes refer to military matters in the 
vicinity of Belfast at the above dates, viz. — "Whereas Sir Jas. Montgomery did willingly 
part with his quarters in Lecale at our desire for the accommodation of the British forces, 
we have therefore thought fit and just that he have 20 bolls of meal paid monthly to him. 
Meal given to prisoners escaped from the rebels, and to guides who assisted their escape — 
Turlogh Low, the guide, 10 Bolls of meal; 10 Bolls of meal for poor in town of Antrim. 
By reason of men lying so many months in their clothes, they are worn very bare ; extreme 
necessity for shoes, stockings, sheets. Care to be taken for provision of powder, ball, and 
matches. No fuel in the country, and it wholly depopulated, and that a magazine of coals 
be sent out of the sequestered estates in Lancashire and North Wales. The Committee to 
send over pieces of eight at 5 shillings, so that victuals be better provided, and to encourage 
the soldiers. A chirurgeon's chest is greatly needed." 

Page 67. First Establishment of a Post 

In 1672, lorevin de Rochford published at Paris his Travels in England and Ireland. 
He passed through Belfast on his way to Scotland, and when at Carrickfergus writes : — " I 
knew that the common passage for the post and packet-boat was six miles above this town, 
at a little village called Lame, and that formerly this passage was to Arglas and to Denocadi, 
villages below Belfast ; but for security, and finding an opportunity of passing from Knoc- 
fragus, or Karrickfergus, into Scotland, I would wait for proper wind and weather to do it." 
This extract is taken from the translation of Rochford's Travels in the Antiquarian 
Repertory, 1779, by kindness of Andrew Gibson, Esq. 

Page 68. A Relation of several Services 

This is mentioned by Benn as in the Pinkerton MSS., but was not printed in his 
History of Belfast (v. p. 128). In the Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Antiquities 
exhibited in the Museum, Belfast, at the meeting of British Association, 1852, there is the 
following note : — " From Rev. John H. Jellett, f.t.c.d., Original Miniature of Oliver Crom- 
well, presented by the Protector himself, together with a grant of land in the Co. Down, to 
the widow and daughter of James Morgan, an officer of his personal staff, who fell beside 
him at Drogheda." 

Page 75. For the nameless superannuated Scotch Minister 

Pinkerton notes that this was Patrick Adair, author of A True Narrative of the Presby- 
terian Church in Ireland (1623-1670). Much generosity was shown at this time by the 
Parliament to the North of Ireland. Pinkerton notes — " To the poor in the town of 
Antrim, being (as by Sir John Clot worthy's letter are certified) about 1,000 persons, for 
whom the Lady Clotworthy doth desire that there be designed ;^ 500. There are in Carrick- 
fergus, Belfast, and other parts of Co. Down (by relation of Arthur Hill, Esq.), about 2,000 
persons for these ;^i,ooo." ;^i2,ooo in all given. 

Page 77. Letter from the Lord General Cromwell 

This and the succeeding letter of Cromwell show the Protector in a favourable light. 
Neither of them, it is believed, have been hitherto printed. Adair had property at Kinhilt, 
Wigtonshire, and large estates at Ballymena, the latter still held by Sir Hugh Adair, a 
lineal descendant. Strafford wrote in 1639 : — "There is one Mr. Adaire, a man of some 
four hundred pounds land, who went over into Scotland to rebel it there with the rest of that 
faction, and hath played his part notably and insolently. This fellow I caused to be 
indicted of treason." Cromwell did not approve of the transplanting scheme of 1653, as 
Rev. Patrick Adair writes — " For Oliver, coming to the supreme ordering of affairs, used 
other methods and took other measures than the rabble rump Parliament." 



262 Old Belfast. 

Page 78. The Scheme to Transplant the Scots 

Reid, in his History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, gives some account of this 
scheme (vol. ii. p. 177, Appendix V.). Benn prints the first letter of the Commissioners only. 
This is reprinted here, and the list of Scots to be transplanted is also given, as it differs in 
several instances from the list given in Reid. The second list is not given by Reid. Pinker- 
ton transcribed the correspondence inanu sua from the original in Bermingham Tower, 
Dublin, and attached much importance to it, as showing the animus which inspired the 
Parliamentarians at that time against the Covenanters. A copy of the Covenant had been 
signed at Holywood, Co. Down, in 1644 (see Town Book of Belfast, p. 315). The list of 
names of the Scots to be transplanted includes mainly Presbyterians, but also some Episco- 
palians, such as Lord Montgomery, Lord Claneboy, &c. Space only is available for the 
subjoined notes on several names by the Rev. W. T. Latimer, b.a. : — 

Lieutenant James Lynsey (Antrim Quarters) was no doubt the same Lieutenant James 
Lindsay sworn a ruling elder of Templepatrick in 1646. 

Lieutenant Wallace is mentioned as follows in the old Session Book of Temple- 
patrick Church : — " Sep. 7, 1647. It is delated that Lieutenant Wallace hath some Irishes 
under him who comes not to church. The Session ordains William McCord to speak to the 
Lieutenant that either he will put them away from him or else cause them to keep the 
church. " 

Page 88. Colonel Robert Venables 

Pinkerton gave a short notice of him (Notes and Queries, 3rd S. V. ). The Editor has a 
copy of his Experienced Angler. It has an address prefixed by Izaak Walton, and is- 
adorned with some copperplates of fish. Venables writes of salmon in Ireland — " I do not 
know any River (I mean high in the country) that hath such plenty of them as the black- 
water by Charlejnont, and the broad-water by Shane\^ Castle, both which have their heads 
in great bogs, and are of a dark muddy colour, and very few (comparatively) in the upper 
ban, though clearer and swifter than they." 

In the Harleian MSS. there is a paper in his writing giving an account of his services 
when commanding the Parliamentary army in Cheshire, 1643-46. He commanded the land 
forces at capture of Jamaica in 1654. For failure to take Hispaniola, he and Admiral Penn 
were committed to the Tower. The time and place of his death are unknown. 

Page 105. From the Civil List 

Gilbert Simpson was ordained minister of Ballyclare on 9th August, 1655. He was 
ejected in 1661, but remained among the people. 

Thomas Crawford ordained on 28th August, 1655, minister of Donegore. 

Henry Livingstone ordained in 1655 minister of Drumbo. He was nephew of the 
celebrated John Livingstone. He was ejected in 1661, and died in 1697, aged 66 years. 

David Buttle ordained minister of Ballymena in 1645. He was imprisoned by the 
Parliamentarians in 1650. Ejected in 1661, he continued to preach till his death in 1665. 

Michael Bruce was grand-nephew of Michael Bruce who crowned the queen of his 
kinsman, James VI. of Scotland, and who was a lineal descendant of John de Bruce, uncle 
of King Robert Bruce. Michael Bruce was ordained minister of Killinchy in 1657, and 
ejected at the Restoration. He fled to Scotland, and was severely wounded in trying to 
escape arrest. Through the influence of Lady Castlemaine, who heard him preach in 
prison at London, his sentence was commuted to " banishment to Killinchy in the woods. "^ 
He remained there till 1689, when he was again driven to Scotland, and died there in 1693. 
His son James (b. 1661, d. 1 730) was minister of Killyleagh. Michael Bruce, of Holywood 
(1686-1735), and Patrick Bruce, of Drumbo and Killyleagh (1692-1732). grandfather of the 
first baronet of Downhill, were sons of James. Samuel Bruce, of Dublin (i 722-1 767), 
a son of Michael Bruce, was the father of the famous Dr. Wm. Bruce, of Lisburn, Dublin, 
and Belfast (1757-1841), whose son, Rev. Wm. Bruce, of Belfast (1790-1S68), was the seventh 
member of the family who had been a clergyman of the Irish Presbyterian Church. James 
Bruce, Esq., d.l., proprietor of the Benburb estate, Co. Tyrone, is a grandson of Dr. Wm. 
Bruce. He has in his possession some family papers containing letters from James VI., &c., 
relative to his ancestors. 

Page 123. Daniel O'Neill 

For some account of this remarkable man, son of Con O'Neill of Castlereagh, see an 
account of D. O'Neill's escape from the Tower of London by the Editor ( Ulster Journal of 
Archeology, Sept. 1894). In Macadam MSS. there is a curious eulogy of this family, with 
pedigree, c. 1730. See also Reeves' Account of Crannoge of Inish Btish {Proc. K.I. A., 
vol. vii. ). 

The Editor has been favoured with some interesting documents relative to the branch of 
the O'Neills of Castlereagh settled in Lisbon, by Don George O'Neill, Peer of Portugal, &c. 
His ancestor, Felix O'Neill, fled with James II. to France, entered the Irish Brigade, and 



Notes. 263 

was killed at Malplaquet. His descendants in the male line now resident in Lisbon are — 
(I) Joseph Charles O'Neill, b. 1816, head of the family; (2) George Torlades O'Neill, 
b. 1817, Consul-General of Denmark. His son is George O'Neill, b. 1848; mar. Marie 
Isabel Fernandez, and have issue, Hugues, George, and Marie Therese. He resides at a 
villa adjoining the Royal Palace, Cintra. 

Page 127. Confirmation of the Chichester Patents 

This document is in the handwriting of W. Pinkerton, and many others relating to the 
Donegall family are in the Pinkerton MSS. One of these, endorsed " 1692, June 15. Copy 
Deed between Ld. Longford, the co-heirs of Arthur late Earl of Donegall, Arthur Earl of 
Donegall, and others," contains the names of the tenants holding several of the town lands, 
as follows : — 

"And as to all that the Castle, Mannor, and Town of Belfast, and the Demesne lands and 
The parks thereunto belonging, and also the Lands of Tuogh Cinament, And the Cave, the 
Town and Lands of Skegenearle, and the Quarter of Listillyard, then in the possession of 
Wm. Warren ; the town And lands of Ballyoghegan, then in the Tenure of Joan Pegg, Widow ; 
The old park and the new Enclosures adjoining, then in the Tenure of Edward Reynell, 
Gilbert Wye, Francis Thetford, John Clarke, and Others, by Lease from the said Earl; the 
Town and Lands of Ballysillan and Outerard, with the Mountains thereunto Belonging ; one 
half of the Town land of Listillyard, and part of Clough Castle, then the new Park, the 
other part of the Town and lands of Listillyard, and three parts of the town and lands of 
Clough castle, then in the possession of George Martin ; the two town lands of Drumnegragh, 
and the said other Town land, both then lately In the possession of Michael Newby or his 
assigns ; the two Town Lands of Carentall,then or lately in the possession of William Penery 
or his assigns, the two Town lands of Ballywinnett and Ballyvaston, then or lately in the 
possession of George Russell And his Partner ; the two Town lands of Gleneward and Glan- 
gormally, then or lately in the possession of Richard Cannon ; as also the Town Lands of 
Ballyboght, then or then late in the Possession of Thomas O'Killen or his assigns ; as also 
the Town of Ballymaduffand ; the half town of Ballyhenry, then or then lately in the posses- 
sion of Doctor Alexander Colvill ; as also the Town lands of White Abby, then or then 
lately in the possession of Thomas Quaile or his assigns ; as also the White house and town 
lands of Rantollard, Jordanstown, Coole, Dunany, Ballyvesin, Ballycraggy, Caroferney, and 
the other half town land of Ballyhenry, and the Mill ihere upon, then lately in the possession 
of John Davis, Esqre., deceased ; as also the two Town lands of Monkstown and Ballyhone, 
then or then lately in the possession of Mrs. Grace Le Squire or her assigns." 

Macadam has a note on Cinament. He says this word, which occurs in old papers con- 
cerning the N.E. of Ireland for a certain division of land, is probably a mistake for 
7 iname?tt, as the letters c and t were much alike. Ducange gives Tinamentum, a district. 
Spelman says a farm held by vassals of their lord is called Tinainent. The modern form of 
same word is tenement. Eugene O'Curry says Siniotnon was an ancient Brehon law term for 
the produce of land, such as wood and grass ; from river or sea, as fish ; all royalties ; 
all things found and not claimed. He suggests this as derivation of Cinatnent. 

Page 129. To AN OLD stone called Ballyrobart 

Old stone seems to have been used as a term for an old building, as in the adjoined 
extract from the finding of a jury in 1601. Records of Carrickfergits MS.: — "And we iynde 
that the landes bounded within the meares names and markes of there verdict dothe belonge 
and hathe of a long tyme bene in the manurance and occupacion of the Inhabitants of the 
corporacion of C.fergus more than what is exempted by them as belonging to the owld stone 
called Goodborne, and the hospittall of Spittell." This is further called " a Rewenated and 
decayed abbaye called Goodborne." 

Page 138. Description of Ardes Barony 

This is one of the accounts of localities in Ireland sent to Mr. William Molyneux, prin- 
cipally by clergymen, in 16S3, for publication in the Grand Atlas designed to be published 
by Moses Pitt, a London bookseller. Unfortunately, Ireland was not reached, as, after four 
volumes appeared, the scheme fell through. This description of the Ards was written by 
William Montgomery, of Rosemount, so well known as the author of the Mont°;oinery MSS. 
It was printed in 16 pp. folio in 1683, and was so much appreciated that Sir William Petty 
paid ;^3 13s. 6d. for a copy. Montgomery wrot€ it out again in a slightly different form, 
and sent a copy to his kinsman, Patrick Savage, of Portaferry, in 1 701. He writes to him — 
" This account of y« barrony was more gen"y written (long agoo) at y^ desire of my kinsmen 
(Wm. Molineux and G. Usher, Esqs.), who were collecting malerialls to make an atlas or 
description of Ireland ; you will see y« printed quires [queries?] which are concerning y'= same 
sent herewith to you, w'' I received from them by y*= post." It appeared in Henry Joy's 
edition of the Montgomery MSS., printed at the News-Letter Office, 1830, of which the 
Editor has the original as prepared by Joy for the press. 



264 



Old Belfast. 



Page 143. Proclamation by the Duke of Schonberg 

Pinkerton had collected much original matter on Schonberg's campaign in Ireland, 
which has afforded nearly all the material for Chapter X. Benn's History of Belfast. 
Pinkerton notes that the Hearth-money of Co. Antrim was let to farm in the following 
years :— 1682, ;^i, 620; 1683, ;^i, 662 ; 1684, ;,^i, 712 ; 1685,^1,737. Co. Down in the same 
years was j^i,365, ;^i,4o8, ;^i,458, ;^l,48i. The population of Ireland, taken from the 
assessment of the poll in 1696, was 1,034,102. 

Page 146. Y^ K. landed at Carrickfergus 

In the preceding year Schonberg had landed at Groomsport.Co. Down, in accordance with 
a report presented by " Anthony Wild, Belfast ; James Sheares, Donaghadee ; John Magee, 
Ballyshannon ; and William Mercer, Limerick, masters of ships." — Pinkerton MSS. Their 
report is given in Benn's History of Belfast, p. 170. It is probable that the King's advisers 
consulted Thomas Phillips' Report on the several garrisons of the Kingdom of Ireland, of 
which several of the beautiful maps are in British Museum, including the view of Belfast, c. 
1685. Benn gives the date of its execution as 1685, misled, no doubt, by Pinkerton's note- 
book containing that date on the same page as part of Phillips' report, but it belongs to a 
note on another subject. As Pinkerton gives no reference to the place where the Report is 
preserved, and the maps afford no date, the Editor has been unable to determine it. In the 
Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Antiquities exhibited in the Museum, Belfast, 
1852, the view is entitled, "Ancient Government Survey of Belfast in 1686." Pinkerton's 
notes on Phillips are as follows: — "Phillips appointed by Lord Lieutenant to survey and 
report on the several garrisons of the Kingdom of Ireland ; to report on their present 
condition, and estimate the expenses necessary to put them and the policy {sic) in a state of 
defence ; and he reports : — 

" Amongst all which I do find not above four or five that is capable of being fortified, so as to be made 
to resist a considerable army, by reason that most of the inland towns were thought ."itrong by being encom- 
passed with bogs and rivers, and as great passes, all of which I do find to be quite contrary, for the improve- 
ment of the country hath drained the bogs, and more towns are daily building, making for the benefit of the 
several counties bordering one upon another, so that it will be no end for his Majesty to be at the charge to 
secure all passes when that there is no stop or hinderance to be put to the improvement of a Country that is 
and will be of so great a value to the Crown. 

" Carrickfergus as doth appear by its situation to have no command of the channel or river of Belfast 
which is now the Third place of Trade of this Kingdom, but it having an old strong Castle fit to receive his 
Majesty's stores in at present. It hath been therefore mentioned to be a place the most fit to be repaired and 
made a garrison. But I cannot say much to the usefulness of it when it is so fortified, for it is capable of 
having vessels of any considerable burden come up close to it ; besides, they lie dry at every tide, there being 
a very large strand before the Castle, as appears in the draught. But above this place is one of the most con- 
siderable places [Belfast] in the Kingdom, having never less than 40 or 50 sail of ships before it ; the place 
very rich and numerous, and not well affected, having nothing that can give a check to anything that might 
happen, either by foreign or domestic attempts. I therefore humbly leave this part of my report to the judge- 
ment of those in whose power it is to discern more of the necessity of this affair. I only give my opinion as 
being upon the place. I cannot think his Majesty should be at any greater expense than to repair the Castle 
for the present, and put it into a posture for receiving the present garrison ordered for this place, and when- 
ever that money can be spared, to let the most considerable work be done at Belfast. According to the survey 
and estimate of the repairing of the Castle of Carrickfergus and the purchasing of some houses before the gate, 
doth amount to £,\\,-jot,. The building a citadel at Belfast, ^^42,054." 

He was also inspector of ordnance, but did not find any at Belfast, but at Carrickfergus, as he reports 
that there are one demi-cannon, two culverins, one twelve-pounder, three demi-culverins, two sakers, one 
three-pounder, fifteen falcons, five pateraroes, and three petards, all brass ordnance. Of iron ordnance covered 
with brass at the same place he reports one falcon and five demi-culverins, while of iron ordnance there are 
one eight-pounder, three saker-minions, and one sling-piece. 

" Londonderry hath the appearance of a place of strength, it being capable of being made an island, but 
when that is done it is with the hazard of destroying a most noble river, which is the nourishment of that city ; 
besides, the hills overlook it so on all sides that there could be no rest there for the inhabitants whensoever an 
enemy shall attempt it. The place at present is walled round, having several guns mounted, all of which are 
at the charge of the several companies of London. His Majesty hath a magazine there, with a small quantity 
of stores, as many as are fit to be trusted in a place of such indifferent force or strength." 

Page 148. King William the Third, &c., at Belfast. 

These unpublished extracts from Clarke's Correspondence are all in Pinkerton's hand- 
writing, and seem to have been quite overlooked by Benn. The originals of the Proclama- 
tions issued at Belfast and Hillsborough were kindly examined for the Editor by Rev. W. 
Reynell, and are in manuscript. No printed copies have ever turned up, and the idea that 
printing was executed in Belfast when the King was there is untenable. The Royal gloves 
and stirrups, &c., illustrated (p. 144), were given by the King to General Hamilton, his 
aide-de-camp, an ancestor of the Baroness Von Stieglitz, sister of the late Stewart Blacker, 
D.L., Carrickblacker. At this fine old house, which is built of Dutch bricks in the " Queen 
Anne style," are preserved many valuable relics and pictures of the period, including an 
Indenture of 1691 relative to the Corporation losses at Siege of Derry, with signatures of all 
the leading citizens ; the original of Proclamation against Brass Money ; portraits of William 
and Mary by Kneller, and of his generals, &c. The bronze stirrups shown in the illustration 
belonged to Charles I., as they have engraved on them C. R. , with a crown, and date 1626. 
The Editor recently acquired from a London bookseller King William the Third's own copy of 



Notes. 



265 



the Book of Common Prayer: Oxford, 1693 ; folio. It is bound in old English black morocco, 
with the Royal monogram and crown in gold on sides and back, and is in good preservation. 
Valuable matter relative to William's Huguenot followers is contained in Protestants from 
France in their English Home, by S. W. Kershaw, f.s.a. : Sampson Low, 1885. 

Page 152. Journey to y^ North 

The author of this original description was the brother of the patriotic William Moly- 
neux, author of the Case of Irelaiid being bound by Acts of Parliament in Etigland CDuhMn, 
1698), published to arrest the threatened destruction of the Irish woollen trade. Their father 
was Samuel Molyneux, Master Gunner of Ireland, and son of Samuel Molyneux, Ulster 
King-at-Arms. Thomas was born in Dublin in 1661, became a graduate of Trinity College, 
visited Leyden and Paris, and was elected F.R.s. He was created a baronet, and died in 1733. 
A paper on this tour was read by Mr. W. H. Patterson, m.r.i.a., on 27th January, 1875, 
before the Belfast Natural History and Philosophical Society, and a few extracts from it were 
published in the Society's proceedings of that year, otherwise it has not been printed. .Sir 
William Wilde wrote a life of Dr. Thomas Molyneux in Dublin University Magazine^ 
vol. xviii. 




Book-Plate of Earl of Donegall, 1739-99 (created Marquis 1791). 



Page 155. Lord Donnegall's Family 
-Y.^-i^The following document indicates the 
Belfast Castle : — 

A LIST OF SERVANTS' 



Mr. Finiston 





• • £,^o 


— 


— 


„ Bristow . . 


• ■ . 


.. 50 


— 


— 


John Fordice 


. . 


.. 10 


— 


— 


Mr. Sharman 




. . II 


. 


— 


The Cook .. 




20 


— 


— 


The Porter . . 












Three foot men 




.. 15 


— 


— 


Coachman 




8 





__ 


Postellion 




5 


— 





The helper . . 




3 


— 


— 


The Grooms . . 


• . 


.. 21 


• — 


— 


Hugh McCashon 




•• 3 


— 


— 


Mr. Galtry .. 


. . 


5 


— 


— 


John McClatchy, 


Gardner 


■ 5 


— 


— 


George Fielding 




•• 5 


— 


— 


Andrew Wallace 




3 


— 


— 


Henry Oldfield 


. . 


.. 6 


— 


— 


John Duffin, the Park 


3 


— 


— 


Thos. Hill .. 




12 


• — 


— 


Thomas Lindsey, 


Bayliff . . 


•• 5 


— 


— 


John Butterworth 




5- 


— 


— 


John Crafford 


Brought over, 


•• 3 


— 


— 




£233 


— 


— 



large establishment kept up at that time at 

WAGES AND SALLARYS. 

Brought over, £233 . — . — 
Bayliff in the Grange 
Mrs. Robison 

Mrs. Bell, my Lady's Maid 
Wingford, my Lady's chambermaid 
Two housemaids .. 
Derry maid . . 
Kitcheon maid 

Mrs. Violett 

Master Arthur's maid 

Master Hungerfurd's maid 

Master John's nurse 

Two nursery maids 

Old Tear Mark ye hen wife . . 

Mrs. Anderson 



£296. 
A new Gardner to come. 

Patrick the Baker £8 ■ 

John Clark the Miller 10 . ■ 

Md That Mr. Galtry is but £s or £7^ 

other side, wher it ought to be 7 r 2 . ■ 

Pounds added J 



266 



Old Belfast. 



Page 156. Carrickfergus 

The Corporation of this ancient town assumed more dignity than that of Belfast, as the 
following extract from the Records of Carrickfergus MS. shows : — " The Manner how war 
was proclaimed against the King of Spain on Monday, the 5th of Nov"^- 1739 (it being agree- 
able and according to the Antient Custom of the Corporation of C.fergus proclaiming War), 
in the Mayoralty of Henry Gill, alderman. 

" The Mayor called an assembly of the Aldermen and Burgesses, as also caused all the 
different Corporations or Trades to be warned; and when the Aldermen, Burgesses, &c., 
were assembled, the Mayor, attended by the Recorder, Sherrififs, Aldermen, Burgesses, Sword 
Bearer, Town Clerk, <S:c., all on horseback in their formalities, proceeded to the Castle Gate, 
and there caused the Proclamation to be read by the Town Clerk ; after the Proclamation 
was read, the Sword of Honour was drawn, each Gentleman in company drawing his sword ; 
after this they went to the Tholsell, North Gate, and West Gate, where the Proclamation 
was read. After each reading the People, who attended in great multitudes, gave three 
Huzzas ; when the ceremony was ended, the Mayor invited the Gentlemen that attended on 
the occasion to his house, where many loyal healths were drank, particularly success to his 
Majesty's arms by Sea and Land, at which time the Great Guns at the Castle were fired. 
N. B. — After the Sword of Honour was drawn, the Mayor carried it until the Ceremony was 
ended, and before that carried the Rod of Mayoralty." 

Page 156. Here they carryed us up a pretty high Hill 

This hill was the Cave Hill, on whose eastern slope stands Belfast Castle, the finely- 
situated residence of the Countess of Shaftesbury. Her Ladyship, with her invariable con- 
sideration for the people, has recently formed, at great cost, a new pathway to the cave and the 
summit of the hill, which has already proved a source of innocent enjoyment to many. The 
fountain mentioned was, no doubt, the spring known afterwards as the Volunteers' Well, 
and resorted to on Easter Mondays long ago, when the townspeople flocked to the Cave Hill 
in thousands. 

John Kirkpatrick, m.d., in his poem entitled the " Sea-Piece " (London, 1750), gives the following legend 
of the cave in the Cave Hill :— 



" Here, as Tradition's hoary legend tells, 
A blinking piper once, with magic spells, 
And strains beyond a vulgar bagpipe's sound, 
Gathered the dancing Country wide around ; 
When hither as he drew the tripping rear 
(Dreadful to think, and difficult to swear !) 
The gaping mountain yawned, from side to side, 
A hideous cavern, darksome, deep, and wide ; 
In skipped th' exulting daemon piping loud, 
With passive joy succeeded by the crowd ; 



The winding cavern, trembling as he played, 
With dreadful echoes rung throughout its shade ; 
Then firm, and instant, closed the greedy womb. 
Where wide-born thousands met a common tomb. 
Even now the good inhabitant relates. 
With serious horror, their disastrous fates ; 
And, as the noted spot he ventures near, 
His fancy, strung with tales, and shook by fear, 
Sounds magic concerts in his tingling ear : 
With superstitious awe, and solemn face. 
Trembling he points, and thinks he points the place." 



Page 157. The Print ok the Cavvsey 

This was the first view published of the Causeway. It is a folding copper-plate, well 
engraved, and giving also details of some polygonal columns. The finest engravings are the 
two published by Boydell in 1777, executed by Vivares from drawings of Susan Drury. In 
a volume of MS. poems by Robert Watson Wade, 1795, i" the Editor's possession, is a 
ballad entitled, " The Unfortunate Travellers; or, a Trip to the Giant's Causeway." Some 
verses are subjoined : — 

We had not long sat till a Justice in came. 

His name was McNaghten, and well known to fame. 



From Derry my brother and I both set out 
The Causew.ay to see we'd heard so much about. 

At Newtown we stopt, and a dinner we had ; 

If you've ever been there, you may swear it was bad. 

To Coleraine we got safe in most dreadful bad weather, 
For it rained as if heaven and earth came together. 



No sketch of our supper I here need to give ; 
We had it at Cordner's, 'twas bad you'll believe. 

And early next morning our Journey pursued, 

And with wonder the giant's fam'd Causeway review'd. 



&c., &c., &c. 



Page 



159. That this much talked of Siege 
The annexed document in the Editor's possession would bear out this statement of 
Molyneux : — 

Whereas a Quantity of Salmon belonging to me, John Lord Visct. Massereene, was lying at Culmore 
Fort, and the same being seised and eaten by the Protestant army in and about London Derry at the time of 
the Seige there, which being by His Matys Commissioners of the Treasury, their Order of Reference, and 
the Report of William Harburd, Esq., Vice-Treasurer, to whom the Value of the said Salmon was referred, 
computed at fifteen Pounds Per tun, as by the said Report bearing date the fifteenth day of Augt., 16S9, may 
more fully appeare, I do hereby assigne and sett over all my Right and Demand from his Maty for the Said 
Salmon So computed at fifteen Pounds Per tun to the Sume of nine hundred Pounds unto Mr. John Railey, 
Treasurer to the Honble the Irish Society. As witness my hand and scale this two and twentieth Day of 
May, 1690. Massereene. 



Notes. 



267 



Page 161. Island Magee Witches, 17 10 

This extraordinary case was published by Joseph Smyth, Belfast, 1822. but without these 
depositions. The trial took place at Carrickfergus, March 31, 1711, before Judges Upton 
and M'Cartney, and the prisoners were found guilty. A curious account of the trial, written 
by Dr. W. Tisdall, Vicar of Belfast, who was present, is given in an appendix. He affirms 
that "these extraordinary facts, proved upon oath in the course of the evidence, were all 
preternatural ; not to be performed by the common course of second causes, nor soluble by 
any human reason." Pinkerton found amongst T. Crofton Croker's papers in British Museum 
the following ballad and note, evidently sent by Samuel M'Skimin, the historian of Carrick- 
fergus, relative to a later case of witchcraft at Carnmoney, concerning which _Mr. W. F. 
M 'Kinney, Carnmoney, has collected curious notes, including another version of this 
ballad, in which Butters is given as the witch's name. 

THE CARNMONEY WITCHES, 1807. 
From Miscellaneous Anglo-Irish Poems collected by T. Crofton Croker, fol. 63, Addl. MS. B.M., 20,096. 



In Carrick town a wife did dwell, 

That did pretend to conquer Witches ; 

Aiild Barbara Cools, or Lucky Bell, 

Need not lang to come through her clutches. 

A woeful trick this wife did play 

On simple Sawny, our poor taylor ; 
But she's mittimus'd the other day. 

To lie in limbo with the jailor. 

Simple Sawny had a Cow, 

She was as sleek as any other ; 
But it happened for a month or two. 

When that they churn'd they got no butter. 

With Roun-tree tied in the cow's tail. 
And Vervain gleaned about the ditches. 

But a these did nought avail, 
Tho' They blest the Cow, and cursed the Witches. 

The neighbour wives were gathered in. 

In number near about a dozen ; 
They were Kate M'Cart, an Mary Linn, 

An Elspie Doe, the taylor's cousin. 

Ay they churn'd, and churn'd away. 

Their aprons pinned, and cast their mutches ; 

Bnt still there was no butter came. 
And then they sent for Mary Butlers. 



Mary Butlers when she came, 
She strait sat down by the fire. 

And the Taylor was sent to stand all night 
With his waistcoat turned in the byre. 

Then the chimney it was stopt, 

And every' crevice where it smoaked ; 

But long before the break of day, 
The guid folk in the house was choacked. 

Had Sawny summonced all his wits. 
And sent away for Hughy Martin,'^ 

He would have galled the Witches' guts, 
He cured the kye for Nanny Barton. 

But the taylor lost his son and wife. 
For Mary Butlers did them smother ; 

But as he hates a single life. 
In four weeks' time he got another. 

If Marj' Butlers be a Witch, 

It's right the people all should know it. 
For if she can the Muses touch, 

I'm sure she soon will destroy the Poet. 

But I think she is no Witch — 

She is only but a mere pretender ; 

She has ne art to raise the deii 

Like the atihi wife, the Witch o' Endor. 



* A celebrated curer of cows that are bewitched. 

Note.— In the latter end of July, 1807, a cow of an Alexander Montgomery, tailor, parish of Carnmoney, 
though she continued to give milk as usual, there was no butter on her milk when churned; in consequence 
she was supposed to be bewitched ! Various spells and schemes were tried to discover the witch ; but these 
failing, it was agreed to send for Marj' Butlers, Carrickfergus, to " cast her cantrips and gie them advice." 
Her first operation was churning some of the cow's milk, which, as usual, produced no butter, and some 
persons who afterwards drank of the milk were seized with sickness and a violent vomiting. Mary Butlers then 
informed the family that after nightfall she would try another spell, which could not fail ; and about ten o'clock 
she gave orders to old Montgomery and a young man named Carnaghan to go into the cow-house and to tiirn 
their ivaistcoats inside out, and in that dress to stand by the head of the cow until sent for by her, while 
Montgomery's wife, his son, and an old woman remained in the house with the sorceress. She then caused 
the out door to be closed, the chimney to be stopped, and every crevice that could admit air to be carefully 
stopped up ; what other measures she used has been but partially ascertained. 

Old Montgomery and the person sent to the cow-house remained there until daylight, when, becoming 
alarmed, they knocked at the door, but receiving no answer, they looked through the kitchen window, and 
beheld the four persons within stretched out on the floor as if dead. They immediately broke open the door, 
when they found the mother and son dead, and the sorceress and the other woman nearly so. The latter soon 
after expired ; and Mary Butlers, being thrown out on a dunghill, where she received some hearty kicks, soon 
after recovered, and was sent to prison. 

The house had a strong sulphureous smell, and on the fire was a large pot in which were some milk, 
needles, pins, and crooked nails. 

Mary Butlers was acquitted at the assizes. She still lives in this parish, and occasionally is called upon 
to cure cSiltXe thai are bewitched ! 

She says the three persons in Carnmoney were killed by a Black man with a huge club, who also knocked 
over herself. Tiiicr 

N.B.— Such was the origin of the annexed homely ditty. S. M SLkimin]. 

Addressed to " T. Crofton Croker, Esq., Admiralty, London." 

Page 165. Robert Greene 

For some other extracts from his letters in the Editor's possession, see Town Book of 
Belfast, p. 329. He had a lease of lands at Skegonearle (as he spells it in his receipts book) 
which expired in 1753, as the following document in Pinkerton MSS. shows : — " Xbr 8th, 



268 



Old Belfast. 



1753- John Gordon beggs leave to Represent to Ld. Donegall's Trustees that at November 
last, 1753, the ffollowing Leases of Lands and Tenements Expired :— 

Harrison's Leases, now Vail Jones, Esq., 2 Townlands and many houses in town. 

1 hetford s, now Dobbins and Junis, Townparks and many houses in town. 

Thetford's, now Wm. Holmes, Townparks and some houses in ye End of ye town. 

Hamilton, for the Lands of Legoneill and some Tenements in the Town. 

Geo. Macartney, Two Tenements in Town and three Acres Town parks 

Edmond Ellis, for the town land of Clough Castle. 

Mr. Reynolds, for the town Land of Bellynamoney. 

Charles Crymble, for the Lands of Carntall and Belly Earl. 

Woods, now John Charlye, 33 acres of Bellyffenieghy. 

John M'Cance, for ffarm Lands in Dunmurry. 

Robt. Byrt, now Wm. Byrt, 3 leases of a great many bouses in town. 

Fusty (sic), now Cha: Young, A tenement in town. 

Chads, now Mr. Rainey, a Tenement in town. 

Bigger, now Mussenden, Bigger, and Burgess, a Tenement and Some parks. 

Green, the Townland of Bellyaghigan, and 1/8 part of Listilliard. 

Nath: Wilson, for the Lodge and a part of the old Park. 

ffletcher, now Dawson, Two leases of Lands, part of them town parks. 

Gurner, now Lewis, 2 leases— one of Bellygarry, one a tenement and 28 acres land. 

Mankins, now Banks and Rainey's, iSJ acres town parks, and having Tenements in Town. 

Letitia Smith, now James M 'Alexander, a Tenement in North street. 

Carr, now Lyons, 2 leases, with part of the Old Park. 
And he further Represents that he has been for Several! months past, and will be for Some 
months yet to come, constantly Imployed in treating and settling with the people who live 
on these lands and Tenements, and at present he has aggreed with a great number of them 
for one year ; and if the Trustees have no Objection to the Rent Aggreed upon, they are to 
continue and get out leases. That in a few months he will be able to show what Advance 
rent will arise from Each of these leases, distinctly and Seperately the one from the other ; 
and that the greatest part of the Tennants on Said Lands and Tenements have their pro- 
posals for their respective holdings upon promise he has made them of being accepted off as 
my Lord's Tennants on reasonable Terms, and taken from under the oppression of Petty 
Landlords." 

Page 166. To OUR Church 

This was the old Corporation Church in High Street, where St. George's now stands. 
In the adjacent burying-ground were interred almost all the prominent Belfast families down 
to 1800, when the Borough Act of that year provided the following clause : — " No Dead 
Bodies shall be buried in old Church Yard. 5/. Penalty for digging a Grave therein, and 
20/. for ordering it." It also says— " And whereas the Water from the Sea occasionally 
overflows the said Yard, and the burying of dead Bodies therein by the Reason and Means 
aforesaid is become a public Nuisance, for Remedy whereof the late Marquis of Donegal 
granted a Piece of Ground above the Poor-House and Infirmary of said Town, but notwith- 
standing, several dead Bodies are from Time to Time buried and interred in the old burying- 
Ground, be it Enacted," &c., ui supra. 

Amongst the numerous monuments which adorned the old churchyard, that of the 
Collier family was conspicuous. The drawing from which the illustration is reduced is in 
pen and ink. an unusual medium for A. Nicholl. Its interest lies in the fact that it is per- 
haps the only representation preserved of a relic of the Corporation Churchyard, where so 
many were " interred in a private, genteel manner," as the old Nrws-Letters expressed it. 

Page 167. Mr. Mussenden, one of our considerable traders 

He was leading partner in the firm of Mussenden, Bateson & Co., whose offices were in 
Winecellar Court. A page from their ledger (in Macadam MSS.) is given below. It shows 
that the old Belfast men appreciated a variety of wines, like Lord Castlereagh (see Ulster 
in 'g8, p. 92). 

Belfast, March 20, 1726I7. 351 



Posted 



Posted ., 
Reed. .. 

Posted .. 



70 



70 



Sold and delivered Thos. Shortrigs, of Portoudown, 68 J galls 

brandy at 4/9 p. . . 
I Empty hhd .. 

permit 6 


16 


5 
4 


4i 
6 


16 


9 


to 


Sold and deliver'd James Dixon in town 2 bottles claret . . 




2 


4 


Sold a quart Tent 




2 


6 


Reed from Widdow Woods p. Alex. Ure 
abated a hhd .. 


15 


18 
4 


II 


16 


2 


II 



Notes. 



269 



Posted 

Posted 



74 



Sold and deliver'd Francis Atchison in town p. alexr McKinny, 
2 gallons Rum 



Sold and deliver'd John Hall, Cooper in town, p. alexr McKinny, 
12 Benecarlo Butts 



Sold and deliver'd Samuel Groves, of Dawson's Bridge, p. 
30 gallons Claret 
15 gallons white wine 

6 gallons Rhenish wine 

3 gallons Canary 

6 gallons Shirry @ 
21 doz. and 3 bottles 



13 



5 
12 

16 
10 



Page 169. Extracts from Letters of Mrs. M'Tier 

These have been kindly copied from the original letters by Mrs. Adam Duffin, her 
grand-niece. The portrait (page 173) was photographed with difhculty by Mr. Swanston 
from the original sketch in oils painted at Edinburgh when Drennan was a student. Mrs. 
M'Tier died in 1837, aged 95, having survived her famous brother 17 years. A letter to her 
husband, by T. W. Tone, is given in Ulster in 'g8. 

Page 170. but M'Cabe 

Thomas M'Cabe was a watchmaker in North Street. He erected the first cotton mill 
in Ireland, with Henry Joy and Capt. J. M'Cracken as partners. When asked to sign the 
contract with other Belfast merchants for embarking in the slave trade, he used these 
remarkable words — " May God wither the hand and consign the name to eternal infamy of 
the man who will sign that document." The scheme therefore fell through. 

Page 175. Her Father, John M'Cracken 

A few papers relative to him are amongst the RrCracken MSS. Some extracts are 
subjoined. The first is a business letter from George Black, of Stranmillis, his employer at 
the time, and a Belfast shipowner. His father, John Black, grandfather of the famous Dr. 
John Black, the chemist, married Jane Eccles, whose father entertained William HI., when 
on his march from Belfast to Hillsborough, at Orangefield, now Cranmore. The Editor 
recently presented to the University Library, Edinburgh, Dr. John Black's own copy of his 
treatise on Linen Bleaching, corrected for a second edition, which was picked up in 
Smithfield. An interesting pedigree of the families of Black, Eccles, Legge, Jones, and 
Clarke, the latter lineal descendants of Bishop Jeremy Taylor on the female side, has been 
drawn up by Henry Wray Clarke, Esq., m.a. 

LETTER FROM GEORGE BLACK TO CAPTAIN JOHN M'CRACKEN. 

Belfast, 3d J\Tay, lydj. 
Dear Jack, — I suppose last week's very bad weather has retarded Mr. Oakall's launching the two 
Vessells, so that you have got little or nothing done yet, excepting the draft and moulds, which, no doubt, are 
finished by Mr. Sutton ere this ; and who knows but that the bad weather might induce him to make the 
small model we spoke of, as he could do no work without doors. Tom Black will tell you what great matters 
we_ have been doing here, haveing, on a. quarter of an Hour's deliberation, bought a ship of 200 'Tons and 
freighted one of 70. This was on receiving an order from London for the transporting the french prisoners 
here and at Castle Dawson, in number abt 420, to france, and finding M. Auld was not lyke to appear we 
freighted Bob Moore to go to Bordeaux in his place, and he is to carry about 90 or 100 prists. The ship' we 
bought of Ts Greg, and is t.h& Prince of Wales ^ from Boston, Capt. Trail, which you saw. She cost us above 
one thousand Britt: but this is her first Voyage, tho' but indiffly found. She is a coarse, stout, full-built 
carrier. Capt. Eager goes in her to Bourdeaux, when she may be sold perhaps. 

LETTER FROM FRANCIS JOY, HIS FATHER-IN-LAW, TO CAPT. JOHN M'CRACKEN. 
(Written on paper with his own watermark of F. Joy.) 

Teehoge, 26 May, 1760. 
Son M Cracken, — I congratulate you on your safe arrival. It gave me much ease and pleasure after 
my reading a Paragraff in the News Paper of Sev' Ships from the West Indies being taken by the French on 
the coast of this Kingdom, finding the account of your arrival inserted. 

Such good Providences demand our reasonable and religious Acknowledgments. 

I am. with affectionate Compliments to your kind and good Mother, my Daugr, yr Wife and Child 
yr affece father, Frans Joy. ' 

PARCHMENT DEED RELATIVE TO A PEW IN ROSEMARY STREET PRESBYTERIAN 

CHURCH (Third Congregation). 

This Indenture, made the twenty-ninth day of September, in the year of our Lord One thousand Seven 
hundred and sixty-three, Between John Clark, of Belfast, in the County of Antrim, of the One part, and 
John M'Cracken, of Belfast aforesaid, Mariner, of the other Part, WITNESSETH That the said John Clark, for 
and in Consideration of the Sum of Eleven Pounds Sterling to him in hand paid by the said John M'Cracken, 
the Receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, Hath granted, bargained, sold, aliened, released, and confirmed, 
and by these Presents Doth grant, bargain, sell, alien, release, and confirm unto the said John M'Cracken in 
his actual possession now being : All that the Seat or Pue in the Third or new-erected Meeting-House of 
Protestant Dissenters in the Town of Belfast aforesaid. Number (i) below Stairs, with the Appurtenances 
hereunto belonging. To Have and to Hold the same unto the said John M'Cracken, his Heirs and assigns 
for ever. And the said John Clark the said Seat or Pue, unto him the said John iM'Cracken, his Heirs and 
assigns, against him the said John Clark, his Heirs and assigns, and all every other person and persons what- 



270 Old Belfast. 

soever, shall and will warrant and for ever defend by the Presents. In Witness whereof the said Parties have 
hereunto interchangeably set their Hands and Seals the day and year first above written. 

Signed, sealed, and delivered John M'Cracken. Seal, 

in the presence of 

Ber: Thetford. Received from the above-named John M'Cracken eleven Pounds 

sterling in full of the Consideration Money above-mentioned, 
the day and year first above written. 

Witnesses present : John Clark. 

Ber: Thetford. 
Witnesses present : I approve of the above. 

Mat Garnet. Jane Clark. 

Page 177. The business of Muslin Manufacturers 

It would appear that Mrs. M'Cracken was engaged in this business as early as 1779, as 
the following letter (in M'Cracken AISS.) in her handwriting shows. It is endorsed, " To 
Mr. Thomas M'Cabe, for Mr. M'Cracken, Dublin" :— 

Belfast, May I, 1780. 

Dear Sir, — I send you the Inclosed Affidavit to make of it what use you may think proper, either with 
the Dublin Society or others. The Deponent cou'd have declared much more if our Delicacy had not pre- 
vented. Such as that Mr. Twigg, his Sister-in-Law, and Wife, at several times after he had wove the third 
piece of Muslin for me, tempted him to quit my Employ to weave a piece for them by promising him Double 
Wages and a Premium from Parliament. And this he is ready to, if there be occasion. Sir, Your Hble. Servt. 

I forgot that they Seduced his Journeyman, who gave them Instructions and prepared the work, which 
knowledge he acquired by Insight from Burnside. Ann M'Cracken. 

[Copy of Affidavit.] 

County of Antrim, \ This day came before me, one of his Majesty's Justices of Peace for said County,Thomas 
to wit. t Burnside, of Belfast, in said County, Cambric and Muslin Weaver, who made oath that, 

being employed as a Weaver by John McCracken, of Belfast, aforesaid, he wove and, about the loth Day of 
January, 1779, Nine, finished a piece of fine Muslin, measuring nine yards, value four shillings and four 
pence per yard. That he hath since that time to the present wove for the said John M'Cracken two yards of 
the same — part of which of a finer and part of a coarser Texture than the former. 

That he verily believeth that the Piece first mentioned was the first of the kind ever woven in the said 
Town of Belfast or its vicinage. 

Sworn before me at Belfast this ist Day of May, 1780, Eighty. 
Thos. Burnside. Stewart Banks. 

Page 177. The Hearts of Steel 

The following extracts relative to this organisation are copied from the M'Skiinin MSS. 
Benn's account of the taking of David Douglas from the Belfast Barracks was taken from the 
above, but it is here printed literatim : — 

"A general spirit of discontent and tendency to insurrection had manifested itself for some time before, ex- 
cited by the stagnation of commerce and manufactures ; and an idea had prevailed that the general rise of 
rents, which had recently taken place on Lord Donegall's estate, would reduce the tenantry to beggary. This 
opinion proved totally unfounded, as shortly after it appeared that the estate in question was let on fair 
terms, and that there was hardly a farm that, at the new rent and fine, would not sell a profit to the lessee. 
. . . Meetings began to be held about the country, and some excesses were committed. The first act of 
violence was entering the gardens of Clotworthy Upton, Templepatrick, and throwing down some ornamental 
statues in it. The first house burnt by them was that of John Bill, Ballymartin, on the night of 23rd July, 
1769. On the night of Dec. 5th, same year, they also burnt the house of Andrew Mcllwaine, of same parish. 
On the 7th the house of John Douglass shared the same fate, followed by the dwellings of John Busby and 
James McAlister, in the townland of Ballypallady. Feb. 16, 1770, a house was burnt in Ballykeil, Island 
Magee, and in March seven head of cattle, the property of William Crawford, Ballysavage, Dunagore, were 
maimed. About the same time the farmhouse of Craigs, Ballyclare, was burnt. On 17th August twenty- 
three head of cattle, the property of Thomas Gregg, Belfast, were houghed on the lands of Lisnalinchy, parish 
of Ballylinny. About the same time persons went openly through the country collecting money for the support 
of the Hearts of Steel, who were going to lower rents, cess, and tithes. At the same time numerous sums of 
money were collected by letters sent to persons, threatening them with instant destruction if they neglected to 
lay a certain sum at a particular place by such a time. The sums thus ordered were usually complied with, 
and the arrival of the Hearts of Steel at the place where the money was to be deposited was announced by a 
discharge of small arms. By these means the well-disposed persons in the community were for some time com- 
pletely overawed, and the civil powers being weak, and the country without any military force, save a few in 
Belfast, the system spread rapidly over the entire county and into Co. Down. . . . 

" 1770. Friday, December 21st. David Douglas, farmer, Templepatrick, reputed to be a leader, and 
charged with aiding and assisting in houghing Mr. Gregg's cattle, was taken prisoner in Belfast by Waddel 
Cunningham, and for security lodged in the Barrack, where there was about forty soldiers ; a rescue being 
apprehended if he had been sent direct to prison. The capture of this person excited no little commotion, and 
it was immediately determined to efl"ect his liberation. On the morning of the 23rd an assembly of persons, 
avowedly Hearts of Steel, met at Templepatrick for this purpose, and proceeded to the Dissenting Meeting- 
House there and warned the people out, many of whom obeyed their summons, and assisted to gather others 
at different meeting-houses, and proceeded towards Belfast, armed with guns, pistols, swords, scythes, pitch- 
forks, &c. The grand randevouse (j?'c) was held at a house on the shore called the Stag's Head, when their 
number amounted to about 1,200 men, chiefly from Templepatrick, Doagh, Ballyclare, and Carnmoney. Here 
they were formed into regular order by an old soldier called Nathaniel Mathes, or Mathews, who afterwards 
gave them the slip on their entering Belfast. In their march from hence, in front was a man named Gordy 
Crawford, on horseback, carrying before him several Iron crows rolled up in hay ropes, for the purpose of 
forcing open gates or doors. On their approach to the town, Stewart Banks, Sovereign, and about 25 
other gentlemen, took refuge in the Barrack and closed the gate. On their arrival in Belfast, they surrounded 
the Barrack, and sent in a written message demanding the release of Douglass, their prisoner. Stewart Banks, 
Sovereign, gave a direct refusal, on which the mob fired many shots at the Barrack gate and over the wall ; 
but failing of the desired effect, a party of them flew to the house of Waddel Cunningham, broke it open, and 



Notes. 



271 



were in the act of destroying the furniture, when Dr. Halliday, an eminent physician of Belfast, actuated by 
compassion, and dreading lest the town might be destroyed, mingled with the crowd assembled at 
Mr. Cunningham's house. _ After expostulating with them in vain, he was taken prisoner by them, and 
sworn that he would immediately repair to the Barracks and procure the release of the prisoners, or failing in 
having it effected, he would return and surrender himself an hostage. The Doctor had just reached the 
Barrack on this embassy, pressing through an immense multitude, consisting of the people from the country 
intermixed with those of the town, when the gate was thrown open by the military, who fired upon the mob, 
and killed five persons and wounded nine others. Amongst those killed were Wm. Russel, Carnmoney ; 
Andrew Cristy, Dunagore ; and J. Sloan, Falls. By the Doctor's humane intercession further firing was pre- 
vented. In the meantime, the party who were destroying the house of Mr. Cunningham (a William Adair 
broke Mr. Cunningham's clock), growing impatient at the Doctor's delay, and conceiving that he had 
deceived them, set the house on fire, whereby the safety of the town was in the utmost danger. Under the 
same deception they threatened to destroy Dr. Halliday 's house, and fired some shots into Mr. Gregg's, the 
partner of Mr. Cunningham. To prevent the destruction of the town, it was deemed expedient to give up the 
prisoner to the insurgents, which was accordingly done about one o'clock in the morning, on which the insur- 
gents retired, and the fire was happily extinguished without spreading further. 

" Soon after, several were taken prisoners charged with being in this riot, and the Government offered large 
rewards for the apprehension of the leaders of these outrages, viz. : — James Barber, Doagh ; Paul Douglass 
and John Douglass, Ballymartin ; Hugh Love and Stafford Love, Ballyclare ; Samuel Douglass, Ballyheart- 
field ; John Patten, Ballypallady ; Thomas Dickey, Templepatrick ; John Richey, Parkgate ; and Andrew 
Shaw, Carnmoney. Rewards were also offered for Hugh Wilson, Ballyclare; Robert Cunningham {alias 
Captain Firebrand), of the same place ; Nat Mathews, and James Gillespie. A fresh series of outrages took 
place in 1771. In April, 1772, many persons were tried for acts done as Hearts of Steel, and George 
MacKeown, John Campbell, John Clark, and James M'Neilly were executed on 9th May. Hugh 
Mcllpatrick, John Blair, Thomas Stewart, and Thomas West were found guilty, and executed on 16th 
August. On igth Sept., John Blair, a leader of the Hearts 0/ Steel, was executed, and a few transported. 

At the Down Assizes, Hugh Jamison and Clenigan were convicted as Hearts of Steel, and executed'. 

The county remained in confusion from the numerous military searches, and numbers fled to America where 
they settled, and were afterwards conspicuous in the Revolutionary War for their rancorous hostility' to the 
English Government. On Christmas night, 1773, inflammatory papers were put up on Cullybackey Meeting- 
house, exciting the people to acts of violence and rebellion." 

In the Pinkerton Collection is a poem called " The Weaver's Lamentation; or, a Farewell to Ireland." 
It was everywhere sung as a common ballad, to the tune of " Lochaber," at the time. A 
follows : — 

" Since things, when at worst, if they alter must mend. 

We may hope that our miseries will soon have an end ; 

For, whate'er may betide me, wherever I go. 

Greater ills than the present I hardly can know. 

Then weep not, my darlings ! O dry up those tears, 

And, trusting in Providence, banish your fears ! 

America's sons, both industrious and/ree, 

Will welcome an honest, good workman like me." 



verse runs as 



in 



Ships advertised in Belfast News-Letter to sail from Belfast with passengers for America 
1773:— 



Time. 


Ship's Name. 


Tons. 


Bound for — 


Jan. IS 


Friendship 


300 


Philadelphia. 


Feb. 5 


Agnes 


200 


Charlestown. 


.".,9 


Peggy 


200 


Philadelphia. 


April 20 


Yaward 


350 


St. John's Island. 


June II 


Two Brothers 


200 


Baltimore. 


July 6 


New Betty Gregg 


200 


Philadelphia. 


9 


Friendship 


300 


ditto. 


„ 20 


Lord Bangor 


200 


Wilmington. 


1. 27 


Charming Molly 


250 


Baltimore. 


Aug. 6 


Liberty and Property 


250 


Charlestown. 


„ 20 


Betty 


200 


Philadelphia. 


., 31 


Catherine 


300 


ditto. 




Waddell 


450 


Charlestown. 



13 Ships, 3,400 Tons. 

There also .sailed from Newry, 8 Ships, 2,S5o Tons. From Londonderry, 14 Ships, 4,050 Tons. 
Lame, James and Mary, 250 Tons, for Charlestown ; Lord Dunluce, 400 Tons, for do. 



From 



The following unique relic is now first printed : — 

COPY OF A THREATENING LETTER SENT BY THE 

Endorsed — 
To 



'HEARTS OF STEEL. 



madam bready, of greainge, 
by thee True harts of steel X 

Castle Town office, March I2th, in the yr of 1772, 
Madam, — I command you To set your Land To the old Tenens which now is in it at a resonable rent. 
To be sure, we harts of steel knows that you are a Lonly woman, and dis not Ceair for horting you, for we will 
alow you a proaper rent for it, which I think 6s. 6d. a aker is sefisent for it, and a iis. 4id. for Each Leas, and 
we alow your Tenands To be obligen to you, and you most Take Ceair To anser our requist in seting your 
Land, or if you do not, you may Expect bad Treitment from us soon, and that is what we do not Disier, if 
posable we could shun it. S(o) be cure To Take our advise at the furst, and we will be your friend and homble 
Sarvants. C see justice and C fierbrand. 

God save King georg the third 

and his subjects the True harts of steel. 



2/2 



Old Belfast. 



Page 177. Some of Lord Donegall's leases 

A satisfactory explanation of these leases is given by Benn {History of Belfast, p. 613). 
Belfast owed mainly to the wise benevolence of this unjustly maligned nobleman its rapid 
progress in the latter part of the eighteenth century. He built, at his own cost, the Exchange 
and the Parish Church, gave the site and contributed largely to the Old Poorhouse, greatly 
assisted the erection of the White Linen Hall, built the Brown Linen Hall, and was the 
chief promoter of the Lagan Canal. A notice of his coming to Belfast in 1788 contains the 
following lines — " His Lordship has the satisfaction to find that the town of which he is the 
sole proprietor has, within these fifteen years, increased in population, commerce, and manu- 
factures in as rapid a manner, proportionably to its size, as any city or town in the three 
kingdoms. Within this short space its port duties have experienced an augmentation of 
from ;,^ 60,000 to about ^112,000 annually. From being extremely defective in public 
edifices, it has, of new erections, an elegant church, an exchange, a poorhouse, a dissenting 
meeting-house, a white linen hall, and a bank ; in manufactures its improvement has kept 
pace, particularly in those of cotton." The population was reckoned at 17,000. He was a 
patron of letters and the Fine Arts, and formed a notable library of beautifully-bound books, 
some of which are to be met with occasionally. Two finely-carved and gilt console tables 
formerly in his possession are now at Rathvarna. His book-plate is figured on p. 265, from an 
example kindly given the Editor by the well-known collector, Robert Day, Esq., F.s.A., J.P. 









Book-Plate of the Belfast Library, 1765. 



Book-Plate of Rev. J. Mackav (before 1765). 



The two examples of local ex libris annexed (from the Editor's collection) illustrate 
respectively the plate of the first local Library Society and the earliest private book-plate, 
both, so far as is known, of Belfast origin. The subject of Belfast book-plates and their 
owners will form a section of a volume on Irish Book-Plates by John Vinycomb, Esq., 
M.R. i.A , F. R.S.A., a leading authority on this fascinating branch of art history. 

Page 180. On the Anniversary of the taking of the Bastille 

This commemoration of the French Revolution was held on 14th July, 1791. The 
Editor is indebted to James Johnston, Esq., Seaview, for a copy of a letter written by a 
Belfast lady, August 3rd, 1791, which contains the following reference to this event : — 



Notes. 



273 



And so my friend did not wish to come to the. Review ; neither did I, and yet I went. We had a very 
agreeable day ; indeed, the Review was over by three O'clock. When the Volunteers came into Town they 
were join'd by the Gentlemen of the Town and Neighbourhood, with the emblematick Paintings and Flags. 
They then March'd thro' Principal Streets ; their march terminated in Linenhall Street, where the Volunteers 
fired 3 grandyirw dcjoys. They then went into the Hall, as many as it would hold, and made their declara- 
tion, held their debates, and settled the Affairs of the Nation ; it was eight o'clock before they got to their 
Dinners. There were a number of Publick Dinners thro' the Town, but the Grandest was the Celebration 
Banquet at the Donnegall Arms; there they had all the grand Toasts, Celebrated Songs, &c., and paid half- 
a-Guinea each man. There were a number of Dublin Gentlemen here ; among the rest was the celebrated 
James Napper Tandy that, I suppose, you have often heard of. I suppose there never was such a Number of 
People in Belfast at once ; the Grand Review was nothing to it. . . . And so you must have an account 
of the Harpers too. I was hearing them one day ; I like them very much. The Harp is an agreeable soft 
musick, very like the notes of a Harpsichord ; would be very Pleasant in a small room. There were eight 
men and one woman, all either Blind or Lame, and all old but two men. Figure to yourself this group, in- 
differently dress'd, sitting on a Stage erected for them in one end of the Exchange Ball Room, and the Ladies 
and Gentlemen of the first fashion in Belfast and its Vicinity looking on and listening attentively, and you 
will have an Idea of how they look'd. You can't imagine anything sweeter than the Musick ; every one 
play'd separately. The money that was drawn during the four days that they were here was divided among 
them according to their merit. The best Performer got ten Guineas and the worst two, and the rest accord- 
ingly. Now, how do you like the poor old Harpers '? 

Mr. Felix B. Simms, grandson of Robert Simms, who was one of the leading Volunteers 
at this celebration, has the originals of the following accounts relative to timber for the 
representation of the Bastille, which was put up in the Exchange : — 



1791. Mr. Robert Simms to Wm. Wilson, Dr. 
July 12 — To 4 Larg Sqrs. for the Frame of the 

Bastile 28 

To 8 pleates for Do. . . . . ..28 

To I Hook and Ey for the Poale .. 10 
To 4 Hooks for Holding it in the 

Excheang . . . . . . . 08 

£0 T o 
These Articles were provided by Mr. Wilson for the 
Celebration of the 14th July, 1791. Samuel Neilson. 
Reed, the above. Wm. Wilson. 



An Count of work and Timber for the Bastile. 

£, s. d. 
pr. pice . . T 2 6 

•■053 
009 
.. on 4^ 

o 19 loj 



To 2 once Cut Dales, at is. 3d 
To 14 feet of Plank, at \\'A. pr. foot 
To Sawyr's Bill 
To making the same 



Reced. the above in full. 



Robert M'Mullan. 



Page 183. The French were in Carrickfergus 

This was at the time Thur )t captured the town in 1760, of which a full account is given 
in M'Skimin's History of Carrickfergus. The following old ballad on the event is believed 
to be unpublished : — 

Three gallant ships of War 
Came anchored in our bay, 

Hoised up English colour and landed at Kilroot, 
And marched up to Carrickfergus without further 
dispute. 



Colonel Jennings being there at the very same space, 
His heart it was a-breaking for this beautiful place. 
He could not defend it ; for want of powder and ball. 
Aloud unto his enemy for quarter he did call. 

As Thourot lay in Hammock he dreamed a dreani ; 
A voice came unto him and named him by name. 
Saying, Thourot, you are to blame for lying so long 

here. 
The English they will be in this night, the wind it 

does blow fair. 

Thourot jumped out of hammock, and called on his 

men. 
Weigh your anchors, brave boys, make all the haste 

you can, 
We'l go in the night-time, and make all the haste 

we can, 
We'l steer soon and consort towards the Isle of Man. 

As daylight did appear, Elliott spied Monsieur, 

Which gave to him great cheer, 

And to his men did say, 

Yonder's Thourot, boys, we'l show him some play. 

Thourot from the deck to the cabin ran down ; 
Then he got his spy-glass and viewed them all round. 
When he saw the English preparing themselves in 

swarm. 
Oh, my boys, says Thourot, this place will be too 

warm. 



We'l lose our gallant names, and they'l have it for 

to say 
The bonnie ship, Belis/e, was took by English play. 
Come, hoist your hooks {sic), we'l take them without 

doubt. 
The first that came up was Elliott, without doubt. 

Up came one of Elliott's ships, saying, pray, be not 

so fast, 
Give her a galeant broadside, cut off her mizen mast. 
Up came the other two, gave her fire round ; 
Oh, my boys, says Elliott, this is not in Carrick town. 

Up came Monsieur Thourot with his visage pale and 

wan ; 
Strike your colours, brave boys, they'l .sink us every 

one ; 
Their weighty shot comes on so hard from sea. 
Won't you strike your colours, boys, they'l sink us in 

the sea. 

Before they got their colours struck great slaughter 

there was made ; 
Many a galeant Frenchman on Thourot's decks lay 

dead. 
They came tumbling down in swarms, and on 

Thourot's decks they lay, 
While our brave English heroes cut their booms and 

yards away. 

And as for Monsieur Thourot, as I hearthe people say, 
He was carried off by Elliott's men and buried in 
Ramsey Bay. 

Here's a health to Elliott's men, and Thourot's men 

likewise 
May all that does invade us be served that same way. 
The I rish beat them off by land, the Englishmen bysea. 



2/4 Old Belfast. 

Page 183. The trisoners were taken to Kilmainham 

In the Northern Star their names are given as follows :—" In Newgate — Mr. Thomas 
Russell, of Belfast; Mr. John Young, do.; Mr. Rowley Osborne, do.; Mr. Samuel Mus- 
grave, Lisburn. In Kilmainham Jail — Mr. IJenry llazlett, of Belfast ; Mr. .Samuel Neilson, 
do. ; Mr. Daniel Shanaghan, do. ; Mr. Samuel Kennedy, do. ; Mr. Charles Teeling, 
Lisburn ; Mr. Barclay, Craigavad." 

Page 183. Counsellor Joy 

Henry Joy was Mary A. M'Cracken's cousin, an able Q. C. , afterwards Chief Baron. 
The annexed letter in the M'Cracken MSS. is endorsed in Mary A. M'Cracken's hand- 
writing—" 1801. From Henry Joy respecting information about the Battles of Ballyna- 
hinch and Antrim, which I declined procuring him." Possibly her knowledge of Thomas 
Russell's inflexible purpose, consummated in 1803, influenced her decision. 

LETTER FROM HENRY JOY TO MARY ANN M'CRACKEN. 

Dear Mary, — I did expect you would, as I hoped you cou'd, be the means of assisting me to facts 
respecting at least the Battles of Ballynahinch and Antrim, and any time previous to them, that might be 
communicated with propriety. Secets I don't wish to know anything about ; but what can be mentioned 
with truth and propriety you will, I trust, still endeavour to do. 

With respect to Antrim I have very imperfect accoimts, therefore on that subject I hope you will be 
particular. 

What was the plan of the Battle? In what points did it fail, and in what manner? Numbers engaged ; 
and how was it connected with any general plan, had it been successful? How did it happen that the 
North did not move when the South did? When Antrim did step forward, what was the cause that Down 
did not ? Why did Down, at the time it did? Were those actual leaders Leaders on the field, who were 
appointed by any higher power to be the leaders ? What description of Leaders did appear, and what did not ? 
and why did they not ? These are some of the Questions that I would wish to have resolved ; and as their 
answers require no names, nor the disclosures of any secrets that can in possibility injure any one, there will 
be the less reasonable objection to the answers. Had Antrim been successful, what was to have followed? and 
Down in like manner. 

I am, Dr Mary, expecting your assistance in this, 

Yrs. truly, 
Friday, // Dec, iSor. H. Jov. 

Page 183. Col. Nugent 

Major-General Nugent, who commanded the Northern district, is evidently meant. 
The following curious letter, now first printed, was recently given to the Editor by W. J. 
Fitzpatrick, ll.d., f.s.a., Dublin: — 

Bangor, Ajignst 24th, lygS. 

Dear General, — I cannot resist troubling you with the Case of John Allen, now under Sentence of a 
Court-Martial for being concerned in taking arms out of the house of A. M'Cleland of this Parish. When 
called on trial, either through ignorance or from being badly advised, he told the Court he had nothing to say 
against the charge, and threw himself at the Mercy of the Court. Tho' there were several respectable people 
waiting to give him a character, and three creditable persons had lodged affidavits with the clerk for the Pro- 
secutions, stating that he had acted under the orders of one of their Captains of the name of Robinson. I 
enclose copies of the affidavits, which Mr. Connor has given to Allen's wife, a paper which, though dirty, I 
know to be the signatures of several very honest and f.oyal men. I rather think he is a man not very fit for 
service, and if sent he will leave a wife and family totally destitute of support. I should therefore beg leave 
to recommend him as a fit cbject for mercy, and remain. 

Dear Sir, your very obedient, very humble servant, 
Major-General Nugent, Belfast. Robert Ward. 

The annexed permits afford some idea of martial law at this dreadful time : — 
" Permit Mr. David M'Tear, of Hazlebank, near the white house, in the County of 
Antrim, or his servant, Alexander Neilson, going into Belfast for the assistance of Doctor 
James M'Donnell, to pass and repass at all hours. " Thos. Goldie, 

" This pass to be in force till Mrs. M'Tear gets her Bed. M -Genl." 

" Permit Mr. Dav"^ Mattear to have in his Possession One Gun for the Protection of his 
Property. " G. Nugent, 

"Belfast, May 22d, ijgS. Major ■Genl.'''' 

Page 183. The Co Down General had been arrested 

In spite of this arrest of Rev. W. Steele Dickson, Henry Monro was declared Adjutant- 
General in his place. A premature attack was made by the insurgents on Saintfield on the 
9th June, which is described in the following letter from the Gordon MSS. : — 

LETTER OF ENSIGN SPARKS TO CAPT. PAYNE, BROADSTONE HOUSE, DUBLIN. 

Downpatrick, 2^d June, lygS. 

My Dear Sir, — I suppose you are surprized at my not having answer'd your letter sooner, but from the 
day I recti it to this I could not say that a moment was my own ; even now we are ordered to keep all our 
Camp Equipage and Intrenching tools loaded on Cars so as to be ready to march at an hour's notice, yet I 
believe we shan't stir for some time. 

On Saturday, the gth June, we had a severe engagement with the rebels near Saintfield. Our force 
[illegible] of about 270 of our Regt 50 Yeoman InftT. 30 Yeoman Cavalry, and two Fiekl pieces (6 pounders). 
The Rebel force we then estimated at about 7,000, but, as we have since learnt, they exceeded 10,000, about 



Notes. 275 

1, 20c of whom were armed with muskets, the remainder with pikes. The engagement commenced with our 
Light Compy. who were on the right flank of our advanced guard. They received the Rebels' fire, and 
returned it with great gallantry, tho' with the loss of their Capt. till our main body came up, when the Battle 
became more general. The ground the rebels had chosen to engage us on was the most advantageous to them 
that could possibly be immagined — so much so, that I could not, during great part of the Action, bring either of 
my two Guns to bear on the right, and was obliged to remain idle, e.xposed to an heavy fire for some minutes. 
At length a strong column of rebels advanced on our left, attempting to turn our flank and surround us. 
I wailed till they came so close that I must make sure work, and then poured on them a heavy fire of 
Canister .shot, which soon put that column to flight with dreadful slaughter. At that instant their party on 
our right made a desperate attack on our ranks where I was with the guns, and also on our baggage, and 
then it was that Dr. Jame^ and Lieut. Unite fell. The broken columns of the Rebels were rallied under cover 
of a young but close wood on our left, from which I soon dislodged them by a few discharges of Canister. Our 
main body, with the two guns, now pushed forward, and drove the enemy from the strong ground they occu- 
pied on our right, where they were completely covered by strong ditches and banks. On this the enemy fled 
in every direction ; but seeing that we halted on the hdl, a great number of them again assembled on another 
height about j of a mile distant ; but a few Round shot which I threw amongst them, and which we could 
perceive made lanes through them, soon sent them scampering. Having but a few Cavalry, and being very 
uneasy for tne fate of the wounded (our surgeon having run away panic struck at the beginning of the action). 
Col. Stapylton thought it prudent to return to Comber, where we arrived about 12 o'clock, and ne.xt day 
marched into Belfast. At the time the rebels made the principal attack on our centre I was very nearly being 
taken off. One fellow ran furiously at me with a pike, but I hid the good fortune to ward off the thrust with 
my sword, and instantly laid the villain dead at my feet. Another fired a musket within 3 yards of me, but by 
chance I then happened to leap on the gun limbers to take out some Canister shot, and the ball just grazed my 
hand. I reed a slight cut of a pike over my right eye, and a trifling wound from a ball on my right hand, but 
neither of them were such as to require surgical aid, or to prevent me from doing my duty ; therefore they 
are not set down in any return. Several others of our officers and men who have been slightly hurt are not in 
the returns. 

Our Victory, tho' glorious, was very dear bought. I send you a return of the killed and wounded on our 
side. That of the rebels were not less than 500, 300 of whom were killed on the spot, and the fields for Two 
miles round were covered by the [illegible] who attempted going off, but who died [illegible] ditches and 
fields from loss of blood and latigue. 

I shall long to hear from you ; direct to this place. Give my most affte regards to Mrs. P. and all the 
family; to Mr. and Mrs. Evans, &c., &c. 

Believe me, Dr Sir, yours most truly, 

MiKKELL J. Sparks. 

My Spectacles were knocked off by a pike just as I was pointing one of the Great Guns, and one of my 
glasses broke without doing me any further damage. 

Return of Killed and Wounded, gth June. 
V k R t i 3 officers, 4 Sergts, 2 Drummers, 34 privates killed. 

° ( I officer, I Sergt. i Drummer, 36 privates wounded. 
N:T:Ards Cavalry — i Sergt. g rank and file, 7 Horses killed. 
N;T:Ards Infty— 3 rank and file wounded, 4 volunteers killed, i wounded. 

Total — 3 officers, 5 Sergts, 2 Drummers, 42 privates, and 4 volunteers killed. 

I officer, I Sergt. i Drummer, 46 privates, and i volunteer wounded. 



4 off 6 S. 3 D: 88 p. 5 V. , 

There was an Engagemt between the troops and rebels at Ballynahinch, the 13th inst. Gen. Nugent 
commanded in person ; the troops suffered little. The rebels lost 700, and were finally dispersed. The 
rebellion is over in this country. 

On the back of Sparks' letter is the following : — 

On the 13th, part of our Regt. part of the Monaghan, and a troop of Dragoons, with one Curricle 
6-pounder, under the command of Col. Stapylton, were posted so as to cut off the retreat of the rebels to the 
Ards ; we intercepted some of their supplies. Our situation was such as to prevent us having any share in 
the engagement. Our dragoons, however, fell in with some of the broken and flying army, of whom they 
killed about 50. I was not engaged, being stationed with gun, which I commanded, to guard the pa.ss. 

Page 188. James Hope, a weaver 

This remarkable man, whose political ideas were much in advance of his time, wrote an 
account of his life, which, somewhat modified by Madden, is given, with a portrait, in the 
first edition of The United Irishmen (third series, vol. i. p. 218 : Dublin, 1846). It is 
strange that the biographies of James Hope, Henry Joy IVI'Cracken, and Henry Monro, 
which appear in the first edition of above, are suppressed in the subsequent one, although they 
are of peculiar interest, especially to Ulstermen. Hope was in the full confidence of H. J. 
M'Cracken, and till his death was also a warm friend of his sister. Amongst her MSS. are 
two poems, endorsed in her writing, "James Hope; given me shortly before his death." 
One of these poems is a political fable in the form of a long dialogue between a shepherd 
and a thief, but is not of much merit. The other is subjoined, and is given as originally 
written : — 

POEM BY JAMES HOPE. 



Com, Don't Let us caper with history on paper, 
While Bankruptcy Marshals its Terible Train ; 
The day Must Arive when Nothing can thrive 
But the tender of value for value Again. 
So Neighbours be wise, Tak your Hands from your 

Eyes, 
Let your Enemy feel that your Vision's Corect, 
And Nip in the bud Every wish to shed Blood ; 
Let Idle declamers and profligiat schemers 
Get on with there bother and blind one another ; 
The Time is departed when peace they could smother. 

On Patrick's day, &c. 



Some say that from England we want seperation. 

The verj' Reverse we are Ready to prove. 

We want closer connection in Mutual Afection, 

But what separates us we Mean to Remove. 

The chain of opression that feters us both. 

To shiver in pieces we'l Never be loth ; 

We'l unite Holyhead to our own Hill of Howth. 

By our Interest that's common and cripled by no 

one, 
A Tide waiter, water-guard, jailer, or yeoman. 
With Cead Milla Failud for all but the foemen. 

On Patrick s day, &c. 



2']6 



Old Belfast. 



The following letter of Hope to Mary Ann M'Cracken is endorsed in her writing, 
" from Jas. Hope." N.B. — '* Mr. John " was her brother John : — 

Nov. 2Sth, iSo8. 
Dear Miss Mary, — I wished to have called on you this some time past, But never had time when you 
would be at Leisure, and now write to tell you that on Saturday Evening I was obliged to tell Mr. John that 
I must Leave his Employment for want of wages, not being able Longer to support my family out of my small 
salery ; and now, in Consequence of the interest you have allwise in my wellfare, I will Describe to you what 
has Been the nature of my situation since I went to my present place. For the first year Lwas treated by Mr. 
Plunket (whom I Consider to be a blunt, honest man) with the Greatest Rigor, under the Idea that, having 
been an old Sufferer, I was what he Calls a follower of your family, and might be Corrupt Enough (as he had 
observed several others) to take improper Liberty. However, by a subordination that Required some strength 
both of Body and mind, I Conquered his prejudice, and completely secured his friendship and Confideu' e. 
But as to Mr. John, although he never Checked me much, he allwise treated me (when Ever I spoke to him 
about my own Situation) with a silence which in another I would have taken for Contempt ; but imputing it 
to his natural temper and press of business, and Coniceous of never having given any Cause for it, I over 
Looked it as a thing for which I Could not fully account, and which time Certainly would. I have at Lingth, 
through all the bustle and inconvenience of the place in which I was obleeged to do business, acquired such 
improvement in the practice of writing and Keeping accounts as will Enable me to a considerable Share of 
Business in any office where I may hereafter find Employment. This last assercion is the only one that I 
would Expect Mr. John to Contradict ; unless he would considder that if he was me and I somebody else, he 
Could not at all times answer for his own Correctness. As to my future views, there is but one Employment 
at present in my Reach, which is to apply to the men who Conduct the Cart Business for Belfast and Dublin 
to Employ me as Guard, which, although it will aford me a Considerable salary, is a Long Road to Either 
Ease or Credit, and an Employment as different from my Inclination as many others I have thought of, but if I 
could stand it for one year, I hope I am still possesed of Resolution to save what money will Discharge a 
few small accounts which I ow, and Enable me again to Join my Little family with the fair Chance of another 
tradesman, without being troublesome to any one whom I call friend ; and this being at present my higest 
ambition, I will Risk the last power of my Constitution to attain it. One thing more I mention, and I hcpe 
it will not hurt your feelings. I thought between winding and warping to have paid what I am indebted to 
you, which, although I know you do not think of it, does not make me forget. I think my word is entitled to 
some Credit, and I can assure you that the piece that was warped in our house was finished and taken off the 
mill by my own hand, and if I was on my oath could freely disclose that it is my Belief there was not a broken 
or Latched End in it Leaving our house, what Ever may have been said to the Contrary. Let no friend of 
mine grieve at my situation ; it is a Litle hard, but does not discourage me. I am determined to deserve 
success. Dr Miss Mary, your Much Obliged Well-wisher, 

James Hoope (i/<r). 

Page 190. Russell was tried in Downpatrick 

By the kindness of Miss Gordon, Saintfield, the Editor has in his possession many 
original documents relative to Russell's abortive attempt, including the indictments, verdicts, 
&c., recorded. To Mr. Thomas Standfield he is indebted for the original of Russell's Pro- 
clamation, dated Head Quarters, July 24th, 1803. This was in the possession of his father, 
James Standfield, a well-known philanthropic citizen of Belfast, and a personal friend of 
Harry Monro and Mary Ann M'Cracken. The latter gave him the document which Russell 
had given her. 

Page 191. A NUMBER HAD EMIGRATED TO THE UNITED STATES 

Robert Simms (p. 273) received many letters from " '98 " emigrants. The following are of 
special interest as written by Robert Emmet's brother. 

Extract from a letter of Thomas Addis Emmet, New York, to his friend Robert Simms, 

Belfast {ist June, iSoj ). 

I rejoice, My Dear friend, to think that the resolution you have taken of settling yourself 
and family here will withdraw you from scenes which I cannot but suppose must be 
extremely irksome, and from a Country the future prospects of which appear to me 
extremely gloomy. Believe me, it is with pain I find that you are determined to defer your 
voyage for one year more. The determination to quit one's native home, natural connexions, 
and antient friends is so serious and important, that I would scarcely venture to advise it to 
any man ; but you have taken the resolution, and as your choice is made, I may say I do not 
believe you will ever repent it, and I may urge that every moment which you unnecessarily 
delay the execution of your plan is so much thrown away out of your happiness in this 
Country. As for myself, you will I am sure rejoice to learn that my good fortune here has 
been so complete. The exertions of my friends have procured me the permission of following 
my profession here, tho' an Alien, and not qualified by performing the usual preliminary 
studies within the State. And my prospects in business are to the full as good as my most 
sanguine expectations ever conceived. Within this fortnight or three weeks I have received 
a very large and troublesome addition to my family by the arrival of my three youngest boys 
from Dublin. They are in perfect health, and so much the harder to manage. I am now 
surrounded by eight children, equally divided as to sex^the three eldest, your old fellow- 
prisoners, are extremely well, and very fine children — your favourite, Margaret, tho' interior 
in beauty, is perhaps the best and most valuable ; they all remember you with very lively 
affection. The little Scotch lassie is a great beauty and a greater pet, and the eighth is a 
brave American Girl of only two months old. I had another lovely little girl who died of 



NOTES. 277 

the Chin Cough shortly after we left France. So much for my children. Mrs. Emmet, who 
is as eager as I can be to see you, and desires the most affectionate remembrance to you, 
would be very tolerably if she did not persevere in nursing, which never agreed with her ; 
but we are at this moment also labouring under the most crying grievance of America — the 
badness of servants — of which and the enormity of their wages you can scarcely form an idea. 
When you come out, if there be any servant really attached to you and your family, that would 
accompany you from affection and not from speculation, jump at the proposal. Be so good 
as to present my respects to Mrs. Simms, though I do not enjoy the pleasure of her 
acquaintance personally, and to your Brother, who I hope has not forgotten me ; and believe 
me. My Dear friend, very sincerely yours, T. A. Emmei. 

Robert Simms, Esq., of Belfast. 

New York, Novr. 2nd. i8oj. 

Dear Simms, — I was extremely gratified by the receipt of yours of the 22nd of August 
last, and particularly so by finding that you approved of the steps I was induced to take here 
in politics. I have been compelled by a sense of duty, and the foolish scurrillity of the 
federalists, to make myself very prominent by my controversy with Rufus King. Their 
malignity (if they had succeeded) would have pursued me with as much fury and effect as that 
of the Orangemen in Ireland — but thank God they are powerless. Even beaten as they are, 
they combined to do me every professional injury in their power, but finding the combination 
of no avail, a sense of individual interest forces them to abandon it. Rufus King is placed 
in public opinion just where he ought to be ; and unless the federalists possess the power of 
reviving the dead. I hope and believe he will never again do much mischief; but that they 
can do a great deal too much is manifest from the issue of Burr's trial. That man, whom 
they hated while he appeared to be a Republican, whom they never tolerated till he became 
a Renegade, and never openly upheld until he attempted to sever the Union and establish a 
monarchy within the territory of the United States, — that man is acquitted by their 
intrigues and interference, by their partiality and exertions, tho' his guilt is fully developed, 
and no man affects to doubt it. It is very possible, however, that his acquittal will do good 
— it will cause a revisal of some defective parts of our criminal law, and perhaps an 
investigation of the conduct and opinions of some of our Judges, who stand at the head of the 
federalists, and continued in office notwithstanding the overthrow of their Party. Jefferson's 
administration is, I think, entitled to all your praise, and as he will not serve again, I think 
his probable successor (the present Vice-President) will equally claim your approbation for 
his uprightness, and, what in these times is vevy necessary, for his decision and firmness. On 
the subject of war, most people judge here differently from what I apprehend you do in 
Europe — we expect it. The calamities it will produce are known to every body — universally 
spoken of and admitted ; the ruin of our commerce, and of every occupation connected with 
it, is held up in the strongest point of view by the English Agents and factors, and under-rated 
by no one ; but nevertheless (except the English and factors) almost every one is ready and 
willing to bear his share of those inconveniences and calamities. With the English Agents 
and factors must be counted the leading Mercantile federalists in the commercial cities — if in 
truth they are not the same thing with different names — but the other federalists in the 
Country parts partake very much of the general spirit. The claims of Great Britain to 
the right of seaich and impressment might have remained undecided upon, but for the affair 
of the Chesapeak and the report of the West India Committee, which insists upon the necessity 
of destroying almost all neutral commerce with belligerents ; these have now brought into 
discussion the whole of her pretensions, and awakened the remembrance ol all her conduct 
towards America since 1793. The result is that the most moderate feel the necessity of 
repressing those pretensions and resenting that conduct at some period ; and the most reflecting 
imagine that no period can promise better than the present. The first consequences of the war 
are admitted and calculated upon, but the ultimate effects of it on the colonial system, 
manufactures and commerce of England, and even upon her naval strength if she should fail 
in the Baltic and be unable to supply herself with naval stores from thence, are anticipated 
as fully equivalent to the misfortunes of its commencement. French politics have nothing to 
say to these sentiments, tho' undoubtedly, in the event of a rupture, America would endeavour 
to turn to the best advantage the alliance with France ; and in the West India seas the two 
powers united, and the ports of each open to the cruisers and ships of the other, would 
embarras England much beyond what she has ever experienced in that quarter. Adieu, my 
good friend. Mrs. E. and my three eldest unite in the most affectionate remembrance with 
yours very sincerely, T. A. Emmet. 

I request you will remember me most kindly to your brother, and such of my old friends 
as still feel an interest for me. 



278 



Old Belfast. 



Page 191;. Mr. Edward Bunting 

This well-known musician was a pupil of William Ware, who was organist of the Parish 
Church, and editor of a collection of anthems dedicated to the Marchioness of Donegall. 
Bunting was an enthusiastic collector of Irish airs, which he published in three volumes in 
1796, 1809, and 1840. His daughter. Mrs. R. A. Macrory, Dublin, writes the Editor that 
' ' her father spent a fortune in collecting these airs. " Mary A. M Cracken, her brothers John 
and Frank, and Henry Joy also assisted him. The M'Crackens sent Patrick Lynch to Con- 
naught in 1S02. He writes—" I stayed in Castlebar ; had good success ; got near 50 songs, 
and chiefly from the Mechanicks. I found it e.xpensive — it cost me 2 guineas. I returned 
to Louisborough, and heard of a Blind piper. I went to a Dancing ; I took down six good 
songs from the Blind man, and I never found any one who had so great variety of good old 
songs and tunes. He sings well, and has a great memory — in short, he would be more useful 
to Mr. Bunting than any man in Connaught. However, I could not stay by him, for I was 
out of money, and had to return to Westport, where I am running in debt and getting no 
songs. Lord ! how long must I be confined this way ! " The annexed estimate of the cost 
of production of 1,000 copies of his book is taken from a letter of Bunting's addressed 
to Frank M 'Cracken. Campbell is the poet Thomas Campbell : — 

1st. Cimpbell .. .. .. .. .. X50 

2nd. Harp engraving (paid for) . . . . . . 10 

3. Frontispiece, "Hempson" .. .. .. 15 

4. Title .. . . .. .. .. .. 15 

5. Title for the outside in same manner as Moore & ) g 

Stevenson's ........ ) 

6. Paper at from ^3 los. to £^ os. od. per ream for 1 

50 reams, which will only print 96 pages per i- 200 
1 ,000 copies . . . . . . I 

7. Engraving Music plates with Irish titles, &c., 90 / g 

plates at 12/6 .. . . . . ) 

8. Working off at press at 5/- per hundred .. ..50 ^ 

£4°° 
Allowance to Music dealers, 33 per cent. .. .. 300 

;£7oo without the letterpress. 

The following unpublished minute of a preliminary meeting relative to the great gather- 
ing of Irish Harpers in Belfast, July loth, 1792, is taken from Macadatn MSS. It contains 
the first mention of Bunting's name in this connection. (For an account of the Harpers' 
meeting, see an article by the Editor's father, Robert Young, j.p., C.E., Ulster Journal 
of Archaology, ]a.n., 1895.) 

At a meeting of several Subscribers to the scheme for assembling The Harpers (By Public Advertisement) 
in Belfast, the 23d of April, 1792, . . It was agreed — 

That a Committee of five subscribers be appointed to forward and receive .subscriptions — to circulate by 
advertisement in different News Papers and other ways the period and objects of the meeting. And to regulate 
and conduct the Subordinate parts of the scheme. That Mr. H. Joy, Mr. Robt. Bradshaw, Mr. Robert 
Simmes, Doctor Jas. M'Donnell, and Mr. John Scott Be the Committee. That Mr. Robert Bradshaw be 
appointed Treasurer to the fund, and Secretary. That a Committee be now appointed as Judges for appre- 
ciating the merits of the different performers on the Irish Harfis who may appear at Belfast on Tuesday, the 
tenth day of July ne.xt. That the following Ladys and Gentlemen be appointed to that committee : — 

Reverend Mr. Meade. Honble. Mrs. Meade. 

Reverend Mr. Vance. Honble. Miss De Courcey. 

Mr. Rainey Maxwell. Mrs. M'Kenzie. 

Mr. Robert Bradshaw. Miss Catherine Clarke. 

Mr. Henry Joy. Miss Grant. 

Doctor Jas. M'Donnel. Miss Bristow. 

Mr. Thos. Moris Jones. Mrs. John Clarke. 

Mrs. Kennedy. 

That the premiums be adjudg'd (in proportion to the funds rais'd) in the following gradations : — 
ist premium, £ ■ ..\ 2nd, ditto ; 3rd, ditto ; 4th, ditto ; 5th, ditto, with smaller gratuities to others in aid 
of their expenses. That the airs to be perform'd previous to the Adjudication of the premiums be confined to 
the native music of the Country — the music of Ireland. In order to revive obsolete airs. It is an instruction to 
the Judges on this occasion not to be solely governed in their decisions by the degree of e.\ecution or taste of 
the several performers, but, independent of these circumstances, to consider the person entitled to additional 
claim who shall produce Airs not to be found in any public Collection, and, at the same time, deserving of 
preference by their intrinsic excellence. It is recommended to any Harper who is in possession of scarce com- 
positions to have them reduced to Notes. That the Reverend Mr. Andrew Bryson, of Dundalk, be requested 
to assist, as a person versed in the language and antiquities of the Nation ; And that Mr. William Weare, Mr. 
Edward Bunting, and Mr. John Sharpe lie requested to attend as practical Musicians. That notification of 
the meeting on loth July and an Invitation to the Harpers be published in the two Belfast papers and in 
National Journal, and in one of the Cork, Limerick, Waterford, Kilkenny, Galway, Sligo, and Derry papers. 



NOTES. 



279 



Page 197. On examining her Papers 

A number of interesting MSS. formerly in her possession have been kindly given to 
the Editor by Christopher Aitchison, Esq , j.p., Elmswood, Loanhead, N.B., who ako 
generously presented to the Belfast Museum part of the uniform and the sword worn by 
Henry Joy M'Cracken at the Battle of Antrim. Amongst the MSS. are several poems by 
Miss Balfour, many letters of Edward Bunting on Irish music, and letters written by Mary 
Ann M'Cracken to her brother Frank ; also several from the Rev. Sinclair Kelburne, Henry 
and Francis Joy, &c. The following examples may be of interest : — 



This was written after reading 

'Twas thus the cause the Hero fell, 
Who vainly with oppression strove, 

But yet his Country's sorrows tell, 
Who dared not act can yet approve. 

Thev tell that still the spark remains 
Which kindled once the hallowed flame. 



• The Sword of my Harry," by Miss Balfour. 

And that again on Erin's plains 

Her sons the patriot's meed shall claim. 

So, when black clouds and stormy wind 
Obscure and darken o'er the skies. 

One beam that lingers still behind, 
Shows that again the sun will rise. 



THE SEVENTEENTH OF JULY. Written by Miss Balfour. 



O'er the cold gr.ave where Erin's Hero sleeps, 
The despot triumphs and the patriot weeps. 
While round the spot with liberal hand he spreads 
Fresh leaves still glist'ning with the tears he sheds ; 
For e'en amidst this desolated land. 
Where, scarce extinct, still smokes the fatal brand, 
Where vile oppression's tool and faction's slave 



Bear down and trample on the good and brave, 
Some hearts with freedom's tide yet fondly swell, 
Some lips yet dare the hero's worth to tell — 
Dare to repeat with just and noble pride 
His name, who bravely for his country died — 
Dare still to boast, with emulation fired. 
How Erin's son in Erin's cause expired. 



The subjoined poem is endorsed in Mary Ann M'Cracken's writing, "Papers from Miss 
Templeton." The incident referred to is probably the execution of four privates of the 
Monaghan Militia at Blaris on i6th May, 1797. 



When bid to take aim at the Irishman's heart. 
The stout Caledonian recoiled with a start : 
" The first of my country, the first of my clan, 
Ever ordered to fire on a blindfolded man I 
You'll find fitter tools to perform such a deed — 
By Irishmen's hands let the Irishman bleed : 
In the spirit of Cain let them murder each other, 



And the united fall by his united brother.' 
So the Irish went first, and the Irish went last, 
And, guarded by Irish, the prisoners past. 
On their coffins knelt down, took their silent 

farewell, 
The united men fired, the united men fell. 



Page 197. A MAN NAMED M'Skimix 

Samuel M'Skimin was a native of Ballyclare, and came to Carrickfergus about 1798, 
where he held some subordinate position in connection with the yeomen. It is said that his 
reason for so doing was his idea that he was a " marked man." Soon afterwards he started 
a small shop, and commenced to collect material for his famous History of Carrickfergus, the 
first edition of which appeared in iSii. Local tradition says that the credit of gathering in- 
formation and procuring original documents to copy was his ; but that a schoolmaster named 
O'Beirney, and another friend called Hagan, lent their aid in putting his material into a 
literary form. He seems to have been careless with other MSS. besides those lent to him by 
Mary M'Cracken, as it i; mentioned that the Carrickfergus records had been lent to him, and 
were not forthcoming at the inquiry held by the Municipal Reform Commissioners, 1833-4. 
A second edition, much enlarged, of his History of Carrickfergus was published in 1823, and 
a third in 1829. Some Addenda were printed in 1833, and an Appendix added in 1839. 
He contributed also to the Dublin Penny Journal, the Northern Whig, &c. He corres- 
ponded with several well-known antiquarians, including T. Crofton Croker, Dr. R. R. 
Madden, Dr. James M'Donnell, Dr John O'Donovan, and Roljert S. Macadam. His death 
occurred in 1843, and he was buried in the graveyard of St. Nicholas' Church, Carrickfergus. 
He collected a good deal of material relative to '98, which was published as a small history 
of the rising in the North, entitled Annals of Ulster, in 1849. He was a Presbyterian, 
and a member of the congregation of the Rev. James Seaton Reid, d.d., author of the 
History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland. After his death, his collection of MSS. was 
disposed of by his son ; part became the property of the Rev. James Seaton Reid ; a portion 
was purchased by the Rev. Classon Porter of Lame ; and some of the most curious, includ- 
ing an annotated copy of the autobiography of Newell the informer, came into Dr. R. R. 
Madden's possession. 

Mr. John Coates, j. P.. informs the Editor that he has often seen the historian of Carrick- 
fergus serving his customers in his little grocer's shop in Irish Quarter West, and then retiring 
to his desk at the end of the counter to add a few lines to his work. 



28o 



Old Belfast. 



MISCELLANEOUS NOTES FROM P/NKERTON MSS., 8ic, 



FINES AND FORFEITURES DURING STEWART BANKS' SOVEREIGNSHIP, 

1778. 

Light bread value ... 

Fines for profane swearing 

Fines levied off butchers 

A sum forfeited 

Produce of condemned yarn ... 

ditto of false weights 

ditto of a sack of potatoes forfeited 
Fresh butter seized, 6ii lbs. ... 
As weigh-master, half produce of condemned butter 
Flax seized, 36^ lbs. 

Besides two carcases of mutton and a quantity of beef 

The figures subjoined for comparison have been kindly supplied by Robert M'Henry, 
Esq. , Chief Clerk of Petty Sessions Court, Belfast : — 

1894. 
Amount of fines imposed ... ... ... ... £3, 4*^9 'i " 

Amount of fees (denoted by stamps) received ... ... 1,504 2 o 

Number of cases, 33,112. 

ORANGE BALLADS COLLECTED BY W. PINKERTON. 



;^5 


14 


10 





13 





I 


3 


3i 


I 


,3 


10 


.1 


16 


6 


8 


9 


6i 





7 


oh 


I 


10 





23 


.S 


loh 


I 


8 






THE ORANGEMEN OF BELFAST, (c. 1813.) 



Last Twelfth of July, as you quickly shall hear, 
The bold Orangemen of Belfast did appear, 
With their Flags and their Colours together did join 
To commemorate the deeds done at the Boyne. 

Down, down, &c. 

With their Drums and their Colours they marched away 
To the Church of Lisburn, as I heard them say ; 
Reverend Doctor Cupples, loyal and sincere, 
He preached them a Sermon when they came there. 

He's Grand District Master of Lisburn Town, 
He's a true Orangeman, and a Friend to the Crown, 
With brave Captain Verner, near Belfast does dwell. 
They inspected our true Orange Heroes right well. 

Sure there was Three Thousand in sweet Lisburn town 

Of stout Orange Heroes incircled around ; 

They all joined their hands, and three times they did 

cheer, 
Then they parted in love, and homewards did steer. 

But when they drew near to the end of the town, 
The Croppies of Belfast began for to frown ; 
Both hedges and ditches were lined along, 
And with Courage they marched through the Rebel 
throng. 

But as they were marching through Hercules Street, 
A great opposition they happened to meet 
From turn-coat Croppies, became Ribbonmen, 
For to murder our Orangemen they did intend. 

Belfast District Master, brave Woods is his name. 
He bid them all return from whence they came 
To their different Lodge Rooms, and have a due care, 
If they were assaulted, no Rebel to spare. 

So when he dismissed them they all marched away. 
But two of those Lodges they met a sad fray ; 
When they entered North Street the Rebels did 

throng, 
Both brick bats and stones upon them were thrown. 



Brave Calwell and Lynas deserve great applause. 
Like true sons of William they supported our cause ; 
Carrying the Colours, they were three times knocked 

down, 
But they fought their way through and maintained 

their ground. 

From every entrj- and from every lane, 

The brick bats and stones in showers they came ; 

But the Lord still preserv'd them, their lives did secure. 

Till thej' safe arrived at bold Thompson's door. 

When they entered their Lodge Room, refreshment to 

take. 
The Croppies another attack they did make ; 
Those cowardly Rebels to racking did fall, 
Throwing stones thro' the windows to murder them all. 

God prosper brave Carroll, and Morgan also, 
And likewise M'Mullen, wherever they go. 
For they fired out upon them, they loaded with ball, 
And three of those Rebels before them did fall. 

Those cowardly villains they scatter'd and fled 
At the cries of the wounded and sight of the dead ; 
The valiant stout Lettens deserves great applause. 
For they bravely supported the Protestant cause. 

Success to bold Ritchy, the public can tell. 
He fought like a Lion those Rebels to quell 
Thro' Rebellious Belfast, which still was the seat 
Of Traitors and Rebels, a den of deceit. 

God Prosper those true Orange Sons of the light, 
May all their actions for ever shine bright ; 
Likewise Captain Verner and his Yeomanry, 
Who made all those damn'd Croppy Ribbonmen flee. 

Here's to Captain Verner, long may he live well. 
The peace for to keep, and the Rebels to quell ; 
When he puts on his regimentals, it puts me in mind 
Of the Glorious King William when he crossed the 
P.oyne. 



So now I conclude with a toast at the last — 
God prosper the true Orange Sons of Belfast, 
Likewise Brother Reed, who employed me to pen 
These lines to the praise of the unld Orangemen. 



Miscellaneous Notes. 



281 



Tribute to the Memory 

OF WILLIAM QUAIL, XATE of Belfast, 

BY A Member of No. 337 (about 1815). 



Vou Orangemen of Ireland, I pray you lend an ear. 
While I relate a tragic tale as ever you did hear. 
The most atrocious of the kind ere acted in our land. 
Committed on the body of a Loyal Orangeman. 

The ninth of January, it being the Lord's Day, 
The Orangemen of Belfast town did meet without delay ; 
Strict orders had been issued to assemble without fail 
For to inter a Brother, his name was William Quail. 

He being a Yeoman of the town, a party did attend, 
A Solemn Dirge was played along, the scene was truly 

grand. 
The procession moved in order till we came to Friar's 

Bush. 
Where, with military honours, his body was laid in dust. 

The Funeral Rites being over, we march home without 

delay. 
No opposition did appear for to impede our way ; 
Those sons of Baliel (sic) did not think it right for to 

appear 
For to oppose our Orangemen, whose hearts were void 

of fear. 



But Night's sable curtain scarce was drawn, burning 

with Hellish rage. 
Those savage monsters sallied forth, their wrath for to 

assuage. 
In Friar's Bush they instantly assembled without fail. 
And, shocking to relate, they raised our brother, 

William Quail. 

O'er hedge and ditch they hauled him to satiate their 

rage. 
Until they came to Ormeau bridge, and there they did 

him leave. 
With horrid imprecations from the most bloody clan, 
Because he was one of William's sons, and a true 

Orangeman. 

Ye Friends of Religious Liberty, are these your pious 

deeds ? 
Why so provoke the mighty God to pour vengeance on 

your heads '? 
Although you have raised his body, thus led on by 

hellish wrath. 
The mortal part you could not hurl, his soul was gone 

aloft. 



THE ANTRIM HUNT. Panegyric Stanzas thereon. By William Percy, 1826. 



See Doagh throng'd with grandeur, see Farrell's great 
Inn, 

Where our fine Antrim Hunters festivity win ; 

Where a pattern's afforded, admired by all, 

Of the generous landlord in good Donegall. 

Hark away ! hark away ! whilst we fervently pray. 
That our kindest of landlords may still bear the sway. 

The Earl of Belfast I shall now compliment ; 
May he learn from his father, in levying his rent ; 
May he ne'er, with mad factions, his mind e'er 

embroil. 
But be brave in the army, like great Arthur Moyle. 

Should the Marquis of Downshire your hunt ever grace. 
He'll present you a cup, to bring on a fine race ; 
'Mongst the highest, he's high — patriotic he's still; 
God prosper for ever the family of Hill. 

Now the son of a lord, who Shane's-Castle did own ; 
Whose death at old Antrim, all Irishmen moan : 
Still posse.ssing a princely estate by entail. 
Pray who can be meant but the great Lord O'Neill ? 

And the Gen'ral, his brother, once Colonel, you know. 
Your hunt would embellish, and add to your show ; 
He is gen'rous at home, in the army he's brave. 
And will ne'er be corrupted to act like a knave. 

The noble Macartney next comes for my theme ; 
The heir of Lord George, a most honoured name — 
Ambassador he, to the great Chinese court — 
His heir must rank high in the midst of your sport. 



The race of the Pakenhams now I shall sing, 
Who fought, and who died, for their country and king ; 
When retir'd from the army, and levees of court. 
They too, would add lustre, and brighten your sport. 

The graceful MacDonnell, who lives at Glenarm, 
In person and manners his lady must charm. 
Whether sporting at home, or your 'semblage he grace, 
There is much that is noble display'd in his face. 

Does Bateson, Sir Robert, e'er visit your hunt ? 
If he do, you'll respect him as always your wont. 
The great Earl Moira you know he succeeds ; 
May you all learn from Moira political creeds. 

The next is great Watson, a Nimrod by name. 
The first of all hunters, and horsemen of fame — 
Commodore was his father, on India's old station ; 
The pride of his king, and the boast of his nation. 

I now feel quite happy in choosing my air. 
And melodiously singing to praise good Adair ; 
I received his kindness full seven years since, 
And conceive him possess'd of the heart of a prince. 

I now, with best feelings, smooth numbers advance 
The high estimation of Suffolk's M'Cance ; 
I hope he just knows that I'm still on the globe, 
Would bow to his honour, but shabby 's my robe. 

John Sinclair, Esquire, I now must advance, 
At least to an equal with comrade M'Cance 
In the sports of the field few can either excel. 
And proud is the minstrel their praises to swell. 



A FEW OF THE LOCAL ANECDOTES COLLECTED BY ROBERT 
S. MACADAM. (MACADAM MSS.) 

Some excavations were made at a place called Carnaghliss, near Belfast, with the hope 
of finding coal. A woman there one day inquired of the diggers whether they expected 
to get English or Scotch coal ! 

During the time of the Rev. Sinclair Kelburne's ministry in the Third Presbyterian 
Congregation, Belfast, it happened one Sunday that the Sovereign (chief magistrate) of the 
town was present at service. His worship was a notorious card-player, and had been 
engaged at his favourite occupation the night before until a late hour. His pew was in the 
gallery, and during the service, while leaning over the front, he pulled his handkerchief out 
of his pocket, and along with it a pack of cards, which scattered and fell down into the 
house. The minister pointedly remarked that somebody's psalm-book was badly bound ! 



282 Old Belfast. 

The first steam engine erected at Belfast was at the Springfield Cotton Mill, belonging 
to Messrs. Stevenson, and was actually used for pumping up water to drive a water-wheel. 

A well-known Belfast merchant, in the beginning of this century, was in the habit of 
exporting various goods to a port in Spain, where they were sold by an agent. The goods 
were usually provisions, but sometimes the cargo was made up of linens and other com- 
modities. As was customary, the agent, in sending back his Account of Sales, always made 
several deductions, such as breakages, damage by sea water, &c. ; but one invariable item 
was " Eaten by the Rats,'' so much. It happened on one occasion that the Belfast merchant 
sent out a large quantity of nails, which were then made at Newtownbreda. In due time 
the Account of Sales arrived from Spain, and, to his great astonishment, a deduction was 
made as usual for " Eaten by the rats." 

A Belfast hardware merchant, about the same period, whose knowledge of geography 
was not very extensive, was encouraged to send out a consignment of goods for sale to the 
West Indies. It is a positive fact tliat among ihem were included a quantity of skates and 
warming-pans ! The skates turned out a bad speculation, but, strange to say, the warming- 
pans were sold at a large profit. The agent in the West Indies, by a slight change in their 
form, was able to pass them off as improved skimmers for sugar-pans. 

In many of the while limestone quarries in the Counties of Antrim and Down there are 
frequently found curiously-shaped large masses of flint, all nearly similar in size and form, 
and bearing a rude resemblance to a human head and trunk. Geologists suppose them to 
be organic remains, and know them by the name of Para moudras. This has all the 
appearance of a Greek word, but no one has been able to point out its derivation. The fact 
is, there is no Greek in it at all, and the real origin of the name is this— An English 
geologist (Dr. Buckland, I think), being in the North of Ireland, and hearing of these 
singular fossils, visited the large limestone quarries at Moita, and saw a number of them 
there. The quarrymen were at work, and he asked one of them what name they gave to these 
stones. "We call them Para moudra," sa.iA the man. The doctor was astonished at 
hearing such a fine Greek-sounding name, but it simply means in Irish " Ugly Paddy." 

Shortly before Mr. Godwin ceased to be the engineer of the Ulster Railway, he wished 
to try some experiments W\'Ct\ anthracite coal, and to use it in the locomotives instead of coke. 
Anthracite has not only a hard name, but is very hard to burn ; and very likely the stoker 
who tried it was tired enough of it when he got back from his journey. Some of his 
acquaintances who saw him cleaning out his fire-box on his return, in very bad humour, said 
to him — " Why, what's wrong with you, to-day. Jack ?" " Wrong," said he, " everything's 

wrong. Mr. Godwin wants me to burn this Antichrist, but I might as well try to burn 

the devil himself !" 

A retired bookseller of Belfast [Tom Ward] built for himself a villa in the neighbour- 
hood, in one room of which appeared, of course, a number of well-bound books. It is 
highly probable, however, that Tom's acquaintance with books in general was only confined 
to their titles, if we may judge by one little fact. Poinding that he had no medical works, 
he selected what he considered the most useful, and actually ordered Buchan's Domestic 
Medicine and De Lolnie on the Constitution. 

The same bookseller, speaking of the library in his new villa, said it was so retired that 
he could read there all day long and nobody be a bit the wiser ! 

When Ibrahim Pacha paid a visit to Belfast in 1846, he arrived on a Sunday morning, 
and put up at the Royal Hotel. Being desirous of making good use of his time, and not 
knowing that the Sunday would make any difference, he forthwith sent out a messenger to 
seek a gentleman for whom he had a letter of introduction. This was the representative of 
the linen-house of Richardson & Co., Mr. Valentine, who at the time had just gone to 
church. The messenger followed him there in great haste, and told the sexton his errand, 
and that he must let Mr. Valentme know at once. The sexton accordingly went in, and, 
going forward to the pew. addressed him literally in these words : — " Mr. Valentine ; sir, if 
you plaze, the King of .Egypt's wantin' you." 

A certain Belfast clergyman was frequently the butt of some ofhisacuter brethren. One of 
them actually made a wager with another that the person referred to could not tell whether 
William the Conqueror or William the Third reigned first. He was told there was a 
difference of opinion between them on this point, and that the matter was left to his 
decision. He looked very wise for a few moments, and then gave the following oracular 
response: — "Well, geiitlemen, in my opinion there is a good deal to be said on both 
sides." 

NOTE ON BELFAST CHARACTERS. 

The "street characters" of Belfast sixty years ago were numerous and remarkable. 
•Some account of them is given in T. Gaffikin's lecture on "Belfast Fifty Years Ago." 
" Cocky Bendy " was the favourite itinerant fiddler. Gaftikin writes — " Cocky Bendy was a 



Miscellaneous Notes. 



283 



very little bandy-legged man, who knew the tune to play at every house in the locality he 
frequented. ' Garryowen,' 'Patrick's Day,' and the ' Boyne Water' were his best paying 
airs." "Black Sam" was a negro who had performing dogs, great favourites with the 
children of that period. The fame of Tantra Barbus has survived to the present day. 
Pinkerton gave an account of him in A'oies and Queries ; but the fullest and most authentic 
life of this strange being is fourid in a rare chap-book, entitled, "The Life II of 1 1 William 
Scott, II alias \\ Tantra Barbus, I! with II numerous anecdotes connected with II that eccentric 
character, || together with II an Elegy II written on his death by a Gentleman in Belfast. !l 
Belfast : II printed for the Hawkers, ll 1833.'' From this pamphlet it appears William Scott, 
better known as Tantra Barbus, was born near Ballynahinch about 1778. Although 
" thick witted," he had amassed at one time, by peddling hardware, the sum of £60. The 
story of his gains got wind, and called forth a swarm of competitive vagrants, who offered 
more substantial treats to the country people in the form of cheap sweets, pictures, toys. 
&c. , in exchange for rags, broken glass, buttons, and old metal, to the ruin of Scott and 
themselves. By this stagnation of business, Tantra was obliged to use his hoard, and took 
to drink and begging. He was accused of acting as a spy during the rebellion, and for years 
after never visited Co. Down. Honesty was not one of his strong points, as the following 
extract indicates : — " Pewter kitchen vessels at this time supplied the place of delf, and, as 
this material always found a ready sale, the natural greed of Tantra could not withstand 
the temptation of appropriating the tempting ornaments of the dresser to his own use. 
Woe betide the housewife who, when Tantra was her guest, indulged in the luxury of 
a morning nap, for Tantra was up with the lark, and ten to one but her nicely-scoured 
pewter plates were converted into cordial before sunset." He also was an adept at pilfering 
brass rappers. Gaffikin notes — " Tantia Barbus was a man who would have danced for 
buttons, or swam across the river at the Long Bridge on the coldest day in winter for a few 
coppers." His picture, engraved by John Thomson, is the largest copperplate he executed. 




OLD GLASS-HOUSE, BALLYMACARRETT, 




(C O C KT B JE^^JDir, 

;i -n'eU. knowia characur in Belfast 



INDEX 



Adair, Robert, his petition, 96. 

Aitchison, C. , MSS. from, 279. 

Anarchy and poverty, 177. 

Antrim, battle of, 183 ; cut of, 194 ; Earl of, 211. 

Appendix, 249. 

Ardes Barony, description of, 138-143, 263. 

Ardkeen, Castle at, 23 ; Church of, 141. 

Ardquin, inquisition taken at, 23, 256. 

Armagh burnt, 211, 213. 

Army, rules for marching. 148. 

Assembly at Kilcronaghan, 210. 

Assizes in Ulster in 161 5, 30, 256. 

Assessment for Ulster, 74-77. 

Bagenal, Marshal, letter from, 15. 

Balfour, Miss, 279. 

Bally boe of land, 207. 

Ballyrobert, 129, 263. 

Ballybeg surrenders, 225. 

Bangor, Custom-house, 44; ancient bell at, 45. 

Barracks, attack on, 178. 

Bastille, anniversary of taking, 180, 272, 273. 

Belfast, fortified, 5 ; captured, 56-59 ; trade of, in 
1646-1648, 65-67, 261 ; Lough and Harbour 
of, 147, 164 ; view of, 169, 189 ; Castle of, old, 
146 ; Charitable Society of, 193. 



Belfast Lough, Chart of, 147 ; and Harbour^ 

164. 
Bellingham, Col. Thomas, diary of, 144-146. 
Bellman of Belfast {cut), 252. 
Belturbet, seal of, 74. 
Benburb Castle, view of, 200 ; battle of, 63, 240, 

241, 247. 
Black, Sir Samuel, portrait. 
Blackstaff. river of, 256. 
Bleachers in 1839, 255. 
Blyth, James, examination of, 162. 
Book-plates, 272. 
Books relating to Ireland, 250. 
Borrowe, Capt. Thomas, 3. 
Boyne, battle of, map, 1 53. 
Brantry Friary, 200. 
Brewing, 9. 
Broags, 10. 

Brown, Capt. Thomas, 3. 
Bruce, Rev, Michael, 262. 
Bunting, Edward, 195, 278. 

Carleboy, 4. 
Carlingford, 69. 
Carnmoney witches, 267. 
Carrick-a-Rede (<«/), 40. 



Index. 



285 



Carrickfergus, lands reserved for garrison, 5» 256 ; 

petition of agents for, 18-20; King landing 

at, 146, 264; Custom-house, 45; Corporate 

Seal of, 163 ; Corporation of, 266 ; the French 

in, 183, 273. 
Carrickmacross burnt, 246. 
Castlereagh, 2 ; Con O'Neill's castle at, 160. 
Castle Street, shop in, 1790, 179. 
Catholic Emancipation, 179. 
Cave Hill, 130, 256, 266. 
Cessation, the, 1643, 55' 260. 
Chancery, suit in, 41. 
Charles the First, 56. 
Charlemont, 52, 214, 224. 236. 
Chichester, Sir A., 20, 21, 256; Lord, 28, 29, 

256 ; patents confirmed, 127-138, 263. 
Church, old, in High Street, 102. 
Church, the Old Corporation, 166, 268. 
Civil List, 100, 105, 262. 
Claneboy, 1542, 2, 3. 
Claneboy, Lady, 64. 
Clones, battle at, 221, 222. 
Cocky Bendy, 282, 283, {cut) 284. 
Coleraine, 28. 

Collier Family, tomb of, 166. 
Commissioners for Ireland, 61-64, ^6. 
Commonwealth and North of Ireland, 73-108. 
Conformity, Acts of, 176. 
Conn's water, 42 ; bridge at, 44. 
Connaught, arms of, 89. 
Conway, Lord, 213, 214. 
County cess, 1744, 259. 
Connoly, Owen, 20I. 
Conway, Dame Amy, 41 ; Henry, 203. 
Corn, account of, in 1643, 55. 
Corry, John, account of, 109, 1 16. 
Covenanters tear their colours, 60. 
Cowley, Robert, Master of the Rolls, report by, 

I, 252. 
Creaghtes, the, 5, 220-228, 232, 234, 235. 
Cromwell in Ireland, 70 ; letter from, 97, 261 ; 

portrait of, 98. 
Customs, Excise, &c., in Ireland, 1637, 42-48, 

100. 
Cypher, 9. 

"Defenders," 177, 182, 183. 

Deputy, Lord, the (L.D.), 2, 3, 9 ; and Council 

to the Queen, 12, 13. 
Derry, gateway in walls of, 85. 
Dissenters excluded from public affairs, 176. 
Doak, Hugh, 176. 

Donaldson, Hugh, examination of, 163. 
Donegall Family, arms of, 127, 265 ; Lady, 175, 

176 ; leases of, 272. 
Drennan. Wm., M.D., residence of, 169 ; portrait 

of, 173- 
Drogheda, St. Lawrence's Gate, 69. 
Dromore, battle at, 70-72. 
Drumflugh, battle at, 240, 241. 
Dublin, council at, 74 ; arms of, 74- 
Dunbar, Mary, her examination, 161. 
Dundalk, battles at. 53, 208, 209. 
Dungannon, arms of, 36; besieged, 49, 51 ; taken, 

214, 223 ; burnt, 229. 



Dunluce, view of, 10, 

Earl's Mill Ford Castle, 226, 227. 
"Eaten by the Rats," 282. 
Elizabeth, Queen {ctif), 7 ; her arms, 11. 
limmett, Robert, 190; T. A., 276, 277. 
Bnniskillen, arms of, 32. 
Essex, Earl of {cut), 20. 
Kxchange Rooms, Old, 196. 
Exchequer, order of the, 39, 40, 260. 
Exporting, articles for, in 1572, 11. 

Felim O'Neill, 213, 217, 218, 220-222, 225. 228, 

230, 236, 241, 244. 
Fenton, William, examination of, 162. 
Fermanagh, inquisition at, 32, 33. 
Ford of Belfast {cut), i. 
Frederick Street Schoolhouse, 196. 
Free trade with America, 179. 

Gallows, ancient, 32, 260. 
Galway city, plan of, 99. 
Gaol delivery in Ulster, 256, 257, 266. 
Garmoyle. 42. 
Gerrard, Sir Thomas, 2. 
Giant's Causeway, view of, 157, 266. 
Glass- House [cut), 283, 
Glenarme or Glanarme, 5, 7. 
Green, Robert, correspondence of, 165-168,267, 
267. 

Haltridge, James, examination of. 164. 

Hand-loom, 12. 

Harpers, Irish, 273, 278. 

Hearts of Steel, 177, 178, 270, 271. 

High Street, Belfast, old view of, 187. 

Hill, Arthur, 120. 

Hillsborough, Earl of, 120. 

Hillsborough Fort, 122. 

Hollywood, 44. 

Hope, James, 188, 275. 

Ibrahim Pacha, 282. 

Imports, 65-67. 

Ireland, Speed's map of, 1627, 201. 

Ironworks, 41. 

Joy, Francis, 175, 180, 181 ; Henry, 274. 

Kells captured, 247. 

Kelburne, Rev. S., 281. 

Kilkenny, arms of, 77; Parliament at, 218; 

Council of, 243. 
Kylwarling, 3 ; felling oaks in {cut), 41. 

Lagan, lock-keeper's house on the, 118. 

Leinster, arms of, 91. 

Lennan, Charles, examination of, 162. 

Leslie, Earl, Lieut. -General, 223, 231. 

Letters, postage of, 68. 

Lifford, inquisition at, 34. 

Linen Hall, 179; plan of, 198. 

Linen yarns, Irish, exporting, 11 ; manufacture 

of, 178, 179 ; history of, 254, 255. 
Lisburn, view of, 155. 



286 



Old Belfast, 



Lisnagarvy, 49, 60, 72. 

Lock-keeper's house on the Lagan, 118. 

Londonderrie, inquisition at, 34-36 ; arms of, 34 ; 

view of, 35. 
Loom, hand, 12. 
Lord Deputy, 2, 6, 9, 12, 14. 
Lord Treasurer's objections, answers to, 16-18, 256. 

MacAdam, Capt. John, 59; MSS., 281. 

M 'Alt's Fort, Cave Hill, 182. 

M'Cabe, Thomas, 170, 269. 

M'Cracken, Mary Ann, portrait of, 174; life of, 
175-197,269; Captain John, 176,269; wife of, 
176; her schooling, 177 ; Henry Joy, 183-188. 

M'Cammond. Wm., portrait, xii. 

M'Donnell, Dr. John, notes by, 247. 

M'Felim, Sir Brian, 2, 3, 8. 

M'Skimin. Samuel, 197, 279; MSS., 129, 258, 

273. 279- 
M'Tier, Mrs. M., extracts from letters of, 16;- 

173, 269. 

Maiming of cattle, 177. 

Magee, Island, 20, 21, 161, 256, 267. 

Martin, George, 175, 176. 

Maryboro' capitulates, 245. 

Masareene, village of, in 1S51, 31. 

Meal mills wanted, 6. 

Mercator's map of Ulster, portion of, 43. 

Meredith, Major, relation by, 68-72, 261. 

Ministers, Scotch, 76, 101-105, 261 

Molyneux, Dr. Thomas, Journey to y<" North, 
152-160, 265. 

Moncke, Charles, report by, 42-46. 

Monk, General, 247. 

Monroe, Major-General, in Newry, 49-56, 260 ; 
in Belfast, 56-64, 237, 260, 274 ; at Lisne- 
garvy, 60 ; at Carrickfergus, 61 ; his petition, 
88, 99 ; Colonel George, 223, 227, 233, 234, 

237- 
Montgomery, Viscount, 41, 239 ; Colonel, 184. 
Mountjoy, 214, 215, 219, 234. 
Mourne Mountains, view of, 49, 52. 
Mullintur, Council at, 231. 
Munster, arms of, 89. 
Muslin trade, 177, 183, 270. 
Mussenden, Mr., 167, 268. 

Neagh, Lough, 239. 

Newry, Monroe's raid on, 1643, 49-55, 69 ; arms 

of, 72; surrendered, 211. 
Neivs- Letter, the, established, 1 75. 
Northern Star, the, 181. 
Nugent, Colonel, 183, 274. 

Oaks, felling, in Kilwarlin (cut), 41. 

Oge, Randall, 5 : Alexander, 8. 

O'Hara, Teig. his case, loi. 

O'Mellan's, Friar, Narrative of the Wars of 1641, 

200. 
O'Neill, Con, his castle, Castlereagh, 160. 
O'Neill, Daniel, certificate by, 1663, 123, 262; 

General, 208, 240. 
O'Neill, Tirlagh, 6, 9, 207; Hugh, Earl of 

Tyrone, 22 ; Owen, 8, 224, 238,240; Daniel, 

362. 



Openshaw, Robert, 31, 259. 
Orange ballads, 280. 
O'Reillys, the, 203. 
Ormond, Earl of, 218, 243, 246. 

Pa^a inoudras, 282. 

Parliament, the, and Belfast in 1645, 64, 260 , 

an independent, 179. 
Peep of Day Boys, 177. 
Pensioners, loi, 106. 
Pestilence, 206. 

Piers and Malbie to the Queen, 4-10. 
Piers. Mayor of Carrickfergus, 254. 
Finkerton MSS., 56, 124, 249, 251, 280. 
Pinkerton, William, ix. 
Plan to seize fortified towns, 201. 
Poorhouse, the Old, 193. 
Pope, the. Ambassador from, 224 ; Nuncio from, 

228, 236, 238, 244. 
Portadown burnt, 242. 
Portaferry Castle, ruins of, 139. 
Portmnre Woods, keeper in, 126. 
Post first established, 67, 68, 26 1. 
Princfs in Ulster, i. 
Privy Council, correspondence with, 73-77 ; reply 

to Commissioners, 84. 

Quail, William, tribute to memory of, 28 1. 
Queen Square, Belfast, old houses at, 248. 
Quern, the, 120. 

Ragged School, first in Ireland, 195. 
Rawdon, Sir George, account of, 124-127. 
Richard, Protector, 106. 

Russell, Thomas, 188-191, 276; Patrick, his 
petition, 123, 124. 

Saintfield, battle near, 274, ■I275. 

Sarleboy, 9. 

Savage, family of, 253 ; crests and arms of, 24. 

Seal of the Commonwealth, 73. 

Servants' wages, 265. 

Schonberg, Duke of, proclamation by, 143, 263, 

264. 
Schoolmasters, 106. 
Scotch ministers, 75, 103, 104, 261. 
Scott, William, 283. 
Scots, the, to be expelled, 5, 10, 29, 30, 45; 

in Belfast, 58-63 ; scheme to transplant, 78- 

96, 261, 262. 
Sgian, ancient Irish, 2,6. 
Shane's Castle, view of, 156. 
Sheriffs, High, of Co. Antrim, 1603 to 1895, 257- 

259. 
Ships advertised to sail, 271. 
Silver tankard, 1681, 1 13. 
Simms, Rol)ert, 273. 

Smith, John, of Lairne, his examination, 161. 
Smith's grant, 24-26. 
Smith, Sir Thomas, portrait, 26. 
Smuggling, 178. 
Sorley Boy, 3, 9. 

Spain, King of, sends arms to Ireland, 221. 
Spinning mills in 1836, 255. 
Spinning wheel, 13. 



Index. 



287 



Squib, political, 180. 
Strabane, 210. 

Stranmillis, 60, 1 17-123, 231. 
Steam engine, first in Belfast, 282. 
Swift, Dean, 48, 260. 

Tandragee, 202, 219. 

Tantra Barbies, 283. 

Taxation, mode of, in 1637, 46-48. 

Thurot landing at Carrickfergus, 182. 

Timber in Ulster, 27, 41, 42, 256, 260. 

Tir-Connell, battles at, 213, 219 

Tone, Theobald Wolfe, 181, 182. 188, 189. 

Town lands, bounds of, 19. 

Travers, Sir John, 2. 

Trinity College, Dublin, Library of, 59 ; silver 

salver in, 108. 
Tuam, Archbishop of, 237. 
Tyrone, Earl of, 22 ; inquisition at, 36-39. 

Ulster in 1538. i ; plantation of, 28 ; assizes held 
in 1615, 30-39, 256; arms of, 75 ; campaign 
in, 76. 



United Irishmen, 181-183. 

Venables, Colonel R., Experienced Angler, 88, 

96, 97, 262. 
Vinycomb, John, 272. 
Volunteers, the, 1 79-181. 

Walker, Thomas, letter from, 21, 256. 

Ware, William, portrait of, 251. 

Waringstown, view of, 154. 

Wars of 1641, narratives of, 200-257. 

Waterford City, arms of, 94. 

Waterworks, old, Stranmillis, 116 

Welton, Lt.-Col., 63. 

Whig Club in 1 790, 180. 

Whiteabbey, view of, in 1800, 129, 263. 

William III. and his Court at Belfast, 148, 264 ; 
gloves, stirrups, and horse trappings at battle 
of the Boyne, (cut) 149 ; proclamations by, 
150-152. 

Wilson, II. H., examination of, 162. 

Witches in Island Magee, 161 -164, 267. 

Woollen trade prohibited, 178. 




BLACK SAM, A BELFAST STREET CHARACTER, C. 1830. 

{Front a "water-colour in possession of R. S. Birch, Esq.) 



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OUTFITS 



MURPHY & ORR, BELFAST. 

THE OLDEST ESTABLISHMENT FOR LINEN IN THE NORTH OF IRELAND. 

^be ® lombart) ® Cafe, 

FOR LADIES AND GENTLEMEN. 

Open Daily (Sundays excepted) from 7 a.m. till 7.15 p.m. 



SPACIOUS LUNCHEON SALOON. LADIES' PARLOUR. LAVATORIES. 



NO charge: for attendance. 

ALL THE REFRESHMENTS ARE OF SUPERIOR QUALITY. 

-^1- NO INTOXICANTS SOLD, -i^- 

HOT DINNERS FROM 12 TILL 4.30 P.M. 



16, 18, & 20, LOMBARD STREET, 

(OPPOSITE CORN MARKET,) 



advertisemp:nts. 



THE 



NOTED FOR HIGH-GLASS WORK. 



Established 1876. 



Telephone No. 239. 



FRANKLIN 
STEAM 



PUNCTUALITY. 



ATTENTION. 



Telegraphic Address: LAUNDRY, BELFAST." 



LAUNDRY. 



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3, 5, & 7, FRANKLIN STREET, BELFAST. 



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• • • • • 

lPre60 IRotices. 



" TF you intend sending your laundry 
*■ by post, it does not matter with 
regard to cost where you send it. The 
finish given to Collars and Cuffs at the 
Franklin Steam Laundrj', Belfast, is 
incomparably the best I have ever seen." 

ujT tuy ^p^ 

"At the Franklin Steam Laundry, 
Belfast, Table Linen and Cuffs and 
Collars are finished as if for trade 
purposes. I have never seen Linen 
so beautifully treated anywhere else." 

[Vide "The British Weekly," 
London, 

yaiinary ^rti and yuue 20/A, 1890.] 



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VANS SENT TO ALL PARTS 


OF THE CITY, 


AND TO 


Bangor 


Carrickfergus 


Lisbum 


Helen's Bay 


Greenisland 


Dunmurry 


Holywood 


Whiteabbey 


Balmoral 


Strandtown 


Knock 


Malone 



THE FRANKLIN STEAM LAUNDRY 

Is one of the largest and best equipped Laundries in the 
Kingdom, being specially fitted up with the latest and 
most approved appliances, and neither trouble nor 
expense is spared to secure the services of highly-skilled 
workers in every department. 



DYEING AND CLEANING DEPARTMENT. 

Every description of Dyeing and Cleaning done : Ladies' 
Dresses, Gentlemen's Suits, Household Furnishings, &c. 



PARCEL. POST. 

Numerous customers throughout Great Britain, who are 
unable to have their Linen satisfactorily dressed in their 
neighbourhood, send Shirts, Collars, Cuffs, &'c., regularly 
by Parcel Post. 




ADVERTISEMENTS. 



JOHNSTON'S 

Umbrella and talking Stick LQanufactory. 



BELFAST ART AND INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION, 1895. 



Irish 

Blackthorns 

mounted 

in 

Gold, 

Silver, 

Ivory, 

Conneniara 

Marble, 




Plain Irish 
Blackthorns, 
wholesale, 
from 9/- 
per dozen. 

Undressed 

Irish 

Blackthorns, 

from 20/' 

per 100. 



Nearly 10,000 Real Irish Blackthorns were used to complete this Cottage. 

From 1/- to 21/-. 

No extra charge is made for doing small repairs (including broken ribs), re- 
polishing Sticks, adding New Tassels, etc., to Umbrellas and Parasols being 
re-covered, which are thus made equal to new, and delivered in Belfast in one hour, or 
sent to country Post Free. 



31, HIGH STREET, BELFAST. 



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ADVERTISEMENTS. 



BOOKS OF INTEREST AND VALUE. 

THE ENCYCLOPiEDIA BRITANNICA, gth (newest) edition, 25 vols. 410, strongly and handsomely bound, 

quite new (published £■^7), £18. 
SCOTT'S NOVELS, the charming Roxburgh edition, 48 vols., profusely illustrated, cloth gilt, g.t., new 

(^7 4S.), £3 18s. 
DICKENS' NOVELS, illustrated library edition, 30 vols. (;^i2), new, £3 lOa. 
LODGE'S PORTRAITS, best edition, 12 vols, imperial Svo, fine set, £4 103. 
CONTEMPORARY REVIEW, 1873-91, 37 vols., handsome new set (cost ^^30), £6. 
NINETEENTH CENTURY, complete set from commencement to 1892, parts, clean (cost ;,^24), £4 lOs. 
BOILEAU CEUVRES, MAGNIFICENT LARGE PLATES, BY PICARD, 2 vols, large folio, 1729, splendid copy, £5 ICs. 
FROISSART, folio, iqw. choice copy, splendid binding, £4. 
U.S. EXPLORING EXJPEDITION, 1838-42, 5 vols, royal Svo, £2. 
BLACK'S ATLAS OF THE WORLD, latest edition, (^^3 3s.) 30/- 
KNIGHT'S OLD ENGLAND, 2 vols, larsje folio, cloth gilt, as new (£2. los.), 21/- 

CHAFFER'S MARKS AND MONOGRAMS ON POTTERY AND PORCELAIN, 7th (most complete) edition, 
CHAFFER'S HALL-MARKS ON GOLD AND SILVER PLATE, 16/- [scarce, £2, 

BOOKS RELATING TO I.OCA1. HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES. 

ULSTER JOURNAL OF ARCH.ffiOLOGY, 1st series, 1853-61, 9 vols, (all published), complete in parts except one 

part, £4. Do. 1854-61, 8 vols., complete in parts, £3 lOs. Do. 1856-60, publisher's cloth, 5 vols., 

£2 lOs.. or separate vols. 12/6, all good as new; scarce (complete sets are rarely met with). 
ULSTER JOURNAL OF ARCH.ffiOLOGY, new (2nd) series, vol. i., 1894-95, 6/-. Subscriptions received for 

forthcoming parts of above as issued, 5/- per year ; by post, 5/10 (pubhshed quarterly). 
HILL'S MONTGOMERY MANUSCRIPTS (relating to Plantation of Co. Down, &c.), cloth, 10/6; or half best 

morocco, gilt top, 15/- (only a few copies at this low price). 
Hamilton Manuscripts (a similar work), scarce, 12/6. 
HILL'S PLANTATION OF ULSTER and MACDONNELLS OF ANTRIM. 
YOUNG'S TOWN BOOK OF BELFAST (companion book to " Old Belfast"), scarce, 30/- 
DUBLIN UNIVERSITY MAGAZINE, 72 volumes (almost complete from commencement), fair condition, 

scarce, £3 12s. 
BELFAST MAGAZINE, 13 volumes, complete, 1807-14, fine set, 22/6. 
Thompson's Birds of Ireland, 3 vols. Svo, fine copy, scarce, 35/- 
MACKAY'S HISTORY OF BELFAST. 1821, fine copy. 18/-. BERWICK'S do., 1S17, 15/-. BENNS do., 20/-. 

BELFAST POLiriCS, 1797, 9/-. All very scarce. 
Reeves' Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and Connor, 4to, cloth, fine. 17/6. 
O'Laverty's Do-wn and Connor, 3 vols. , 20/- (scarce). 

"WRIGHT'S HISTORY OF IRELAND, 7 vols., plates (£2 12s. 6d.), 22/6. The same in parts, 15/-. 
Reid's History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, 3 vols. (15/-), 6/- to 7/6. 
Stuart's History of Armagh, very fine copy, scarce, 21/-. Another good copy, 16/- 
Knox's History of Co. Down, 1875, scarce, like new, 20/- 
Witherow's Derry and Enniskillen, 2/- to 2/6. 
Porter's Life of Dr. Cooke, of Belfast, 2/- to 2/6. 
THE UNION. — Tracts on the proposed Legislative Union of Great Britain and Ireland (for and against), 

Dublin, 179S-1801, with Debates in Parliament and at the Bar, &c., 7 vols, in 8, half calf ; sound set, 

rare, £2 (an almost unique collection). Also several single vols, of tracts, 5/- to 7/6. 
IRISH ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 1852-61, half calf, excellent copy, scarce, £3. 
O'HANLON'S LIVES OF THE IRISH SAINTS, 7 large handsome volumes, new (£7 16s.), £5. 
BLOW'S BIBLE, Belfast, 1752, 4to, excellent complete copy (only some half-dozen copies known to exist, 

and these are all in good hands). 
Harris's History of William III., large folio, maps, 1713, rare, 30/- 
O'Reilly's Irish-English Dictionary, 4to, 10/- 
Books in the Irish Language, with English Translation, &c.— Lives of the Saints, from the Book of 

Lismore (31/6), 14-; Saltair Na Rann, 5,6; Cath Finntraga, 4/6, &c. 
STATUTES OF THE IRISH PARLIAMENT, several volumes (contemporary), 10/- to 15/- 
BONWICK'S IRISH DRUIDS AND OLD IRISH RELIGIONS, 1894, new (6/-), 4/6. 
Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 2 vols. 4to, 1S37, 14/- 
BELFAST-PRINTED BOOKS, SEVERAL SCARCE ITEMS IN STOCK. 
Prendergast's Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, 1865, scarce, 14/- 
Patterson's Birds, Fishes, and Cetacea of Belfast Lough, 1881, scarce, 12/- 
WALKER'S SIEGE OF DERRY, ist edition, 1789, rare, 21/- 

THE ABOVE IS A SMALL SELECTION FROM OUR STOCK OF SIMILAR WORKS. 

A CATALOGUE WILL BE ISSUED SHORTLY, POST FREE TO BOOKBUYERS. 

IISTS OF BOOKS WANTED SOLICITED. LIBRARIES & HICK-CLASS BOOKS PURCHASED. 

The largest high-class stock in Ulster of Books in every branch of llteratupe. 
Including' Educational, Medical, Theological, Antiquarian, Technical, Fiction, «c. 

At the Belfast Exhibition, 1895. Messrs. Shone were awarded a DIPLOMA and SILVER MEDAL for 

their Exhibit of Rare Old Books, Works relating to Ireland, Fine Art Works, 

Handsome Bindings, &c., this being the only award of its class. 

J. SHONE & CO., ^—B- 9, Lombard St., BELFAST. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



FIREPROOF, STORMPROOF, WATERPROOF, and never 

requires any REPAIRS. 



THE VULCANITE ROOFING COMPANY, 



(HAEUSLER'S PATENT,) 



102, DONEGALL STREET, BELFAST. 



OLD BELFAST. 



NEW BELFAST. 




SLATED ROOFS require constant repairing. 

SLATED ROOFS easily damaged by storm. 

SLATED ROOFS make unhealthy dwellings, 
as dust, snow, soot, and water are easily 
forced through joints and into inside of 
Dwellings. 

SLATED ROOFS make the atmosphere in- 
side extremely hot in summer and ex- 
tremely cold in winter. 

SLATED ROOFS make difficult constructions 
and many diagonals, valleys, &c., which 
nearly always give trouble. 

SLATED ROOFS encourage fire. 

SLATED ROOFS are condemned by all 
medical and sanitary authorities. 

SLATED ROOFS are very expensive. 

The tops of SLATED ROOFS cannot be 
used. 




VULCANITE ROOFS require no repairing. 

VULCANITE ROOFS never damaged by 
storm. 

VULCANITE ROOFS make healthy dwell- 
ings, as it is not possible for dust, snow, 
soot, water, &c., to get through. 

VULCANITE ROOFS make the atmosphere 
inside more even than any other roofs. 

VULCANITE ROOFS make very simple and 
much stronger and more substantial con- 
structions. 

VULCANITE ROOFS are Fireproof. 

Sir Benjamin Richardson, M.D., London, 
writes:— "VULCANITE ROOFS are a 
great improvement." 

VULCANITE ROOFS are less expensive. 

VULCANITE ROOFS can be used as gardens, 
playing-grounds, &c. 



Explanatory Pamphlets, illustrating' the VULCANITE ROOFING SYSTEM, 
Testimonials, and Estimates, free on application. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



Thos. Cooper, hatter, 

8, DONEGALL Place, BELFAST. 




FIRST-GLASS GOODS FROM BEST MAKERS ONLY. 



BY APPOINTMENT TO 
H.R.H. THE 



PRINCE OF WALES. CLERICAL, Hunting, and Livery Hats, &c. 



'^BELFAST HOUSE/' 



ESTABLISHED FOR ** T^ In T T7 A QT* T Til T T Q T-? ESTABLISHED FOR 

128 YEARS. 13IL1^F/\o1 riVvLJOl-/. 128 YEARS. 



IRISH LINENS DIRECT FROM THE LOOMS. 



WALPOLE BROS. 

Being Actual Manufacturers of the best qualities of Irish Table Damask, 

etc., are enabled to offer their goods direct to the 

public at Trade Prices. 

Samples and Price Lists, which will verify this statement, are sent free by post 

to any address on application. 



Cambric Handkerchiefs from 2/2 per doz. 
Linen Sheets ... from 10/6 per pair. 



Damask Table Cloths ... from 3/6 each. 
Glass Cloths ... from 4d. per yard. 



Dusters from 1/9 per doz. 

IRISH LINEN AND DAMASK MANUFACTURERS, 

16, BEDFORD STREET, BELFAST, 

WARINGSTOWN, DUBLIN, AND LONDON. 

AUCTION SALES 

of every description carefully conducted in City and Country. 

IMMEDIATE SETTLEMENTS WITH VENDORS. 
FURNITURE, PLATE, &e., SAFELY STORED AT OUR ROOMS. 

ADVANCES MADE DURING STORAGE WHEN REQUIRED. REGULAR SALES AT OUR ROOMS. 

INVENTORIES AND VALUATIONS 

for all purposes prepared with accuracy and despatch. 

TELBGRAPm ADDRESSES : { ycSVsl'i',''^'- " ^^^^''"ONE Nos. : { S^f '.^f 

HUME & GRAY, Huctionccr6 anC) IDalucre, 

6a, royal AVENUE, BELFAST. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 





WILLIAM MULLAN & SON, 

General booksellers, 

have just received from New York. U.S.A., a magnificent work on Ireland, for which 
they are the Sole Agents for Great Britain and Ireland, viz.:— 

'' THi: STORY OF ST. PATRICK," 

By JOSEPH SANOBRSON, D.D., LL.D. ; 

— AND — 

"IREI.A]¥I>: THC: IRISH, 

Tbcir Christiauity, lustitutions, missions, mission Fields, and Learning," 

By JOHN BORLAND FINLAY, Ph.D., LL.D., D.C.L., &c. 

The above two volumes, nearly 600 pages, bound in one, published at 16/-, for 8/-. 



The following are important works for Students of Irish History, viz. :— 

Leeky'S (W.E.H.) History of IPeland in the Eighteenth Century. 5 vols. 30/-, for 22/6. 
FrOUde'S (J. A.) Eng>lish in Ireland in the Eighteenth Century. 3 vols. 10/6, for 8/3. 

Killen's ( W.D.) Ecclesiastical History of Ireland from the Earliest Period to the 

Present Time. 2 vols. 25/-, for 7/6. 

Maxwell's (W.H.) History of the Irish Rebellion in 1798, with Memoirs of 

the Union, and Emmet's Insurrection in 1803. 7/6, for 4/6. 

WitherOW'S (T.) Derry and Enniskillen. The Story of some Famous Battlefields in 
Ulster. 3/6, for 2/6. 

stokes' (G.T.) Ireland and the Celtic Church : History of Ireland from St. Patrick 
to the English Conquest in 1 1 72. 6/-, for 4/6. 

» Ireland and the Anglo-Norman Church.— The History of Ireland and 

Irish Christianity to the dawn of the Reformation. 6/-, for 4/6, 

LOVett'S (R.) Irish Pictures, drawn by Pen and Pencil. 8/-, for 6/- 

Simpson'S (Rev. J., Portrush) Annals of my Life, Labours, and Travels. 5/- net. 

LawleSS'S (Hon. Emily) The Story of Ireland from the Earliest Time to the Present. 
5/-, for 3/9. 

»% ABOVE PHICES DO NOT INCLUDE CARRIAGE. 



WILLIAM MULLAN & SON, 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




Manufacturing Goldsmiths and Silversmiths, 

DIAMOND MOUNTERS, JEWELLERS, MEDALLISTS, 

Watch and Clock Makers, Opticians, Engravers, Electro-Plate l^lanufactureFS, 

(Bolt), Silver, Copper, ant) IRicftel platers. 



Copies of Antique Plate made on the Premises. 
Family and Antique Plate repaired and renewed, with all old characteristics preserved. 

ARMS, CRESTS, MONOGRAMS, AND INITIALS ENGRAVED ON PLATE, &G. 

OLD AND WORN ELECTRO-PLATE REFLATED AS NEW. 

'WATCHES, CLOCKS, AND JEWELLERY OF ALL KINDS REPAIRED. 



ALL WORK DONE ON THE PREMISES. 



Our extensive \A/'opks, employing upwards of fifty hands, using 8S feet of shafting 
and 3SO feet of belting, the motive power being supplied by an Otto Gas Engine of 
26 horse power, are open to the inspection of our Customers. 



113, ROYAL AVENUE, BELFAST. 



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