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Full text of "Historical notices of Connecticut;"

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HISTORICAL NOTICES 

OF 

CONNECTICUT; 

Publislied under the patronage of the 

CONNECTICUT HISTORICAL SOCIETY. •**. 




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Net; 

CONTAINING 



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IN 



1 @ 4: O 

Settlements ; 

Purchase — Indian Deed ; 

Originai. Proprietors and settlers ; 

Organization — Town Officers — Town Book — Prices of Labor ■ 

Strangers — Shade Trees ; 

Original Streets — Names and Locations; 

Original House Lots ; 

Locations of First Settle»s ; 

Genealogies of Families. 



BY 

WILLIAM S. PORTER, "^ 

f 

Member Connecticut Historical Society. 
HARTFORD, APRIL, 1842. 

ELIHU GEER's press. 



li Sheets Periodical. 






-] 



HISTORICAL NOTICES OF HARTFORD. 



After ihe settlements of Plymouth and Massachu- 
setts Bay, the violent persecution of" the Puritans in 
England, made great numbers look towards America 
as the only safe retreat from the impending storm. 

In 1630, Rev. Thomas Hooker, a man of great y/ 
learning and abilities and a famous preacher, at 
Chelmsford, Essex, Englnnd, was silenced for non- 
con tormity. To escape fines and imprisonment, he 
fled to Holland. He was held in such high and uni- 
versal esteem among his acquaintance, that forty- 
seven ministers in his vicinity, and all conformists, 
petitioned the bishop of London in his favor. They 
witnessed for Mr. Hooker, that they esteemed him, 
and knew him "to be, for doctrine orthodox, for life 
and conversation honest, for disposition peaceable, 
and no wise turbulent or fictions." However, as he 
was a non-conformist, no personal or acquired excel- 
lencies, no testimonials of his good conduct, nor 
pra3'ers of his friends, could save him from prosecu- 
tion nnd deposition. He was so esteemed as a 
preacher, that not only iiis own people, but others 
from all parts of the country, flocked to hear him. 
The noble earl of Warwick,' though he resided at a / 
great distance from Chelmsf(>rd, was so delighted 
with his public performances, that he frequently 
attended them. Great numbers who attended his 
ministry, and experienced its salutary effects, were 
willing to emigrate to any part of the world, to enjoy 
the happiness of such a pastor. 
1 



2 HARTFORD. 

No sooner, therefore, was Mr. Hooker driven from 
them, than they turned their eyes towards New Eng- 
land. They hoped that if comfortable settlements 
could be made in this part of America, they might 
obtain him for their pastor. Therefore in 1632, a 
large body of them came over, and settled at New- 
town, since called Cambridge, in Massachusetts. 
Those who before had arrived and commenced a 
settlement at Weymouth, all removed to Newtown 
and settled with their brethren. 

The}'' had expressed their earnest desires to Mr. 
Hooker, ihat he would come over into New England 
and take the pastoi^al charge of them. At their desire 
he left Holland, and having obtained Mr. Samuel 
Stone, a lecturer at Towcester, Northamptonshire, for 
an assistant in the ministry, took his passage for New 
England, and arrived in Boston, September 4th, 1633. •' 
With him came the famous Mr. John Cotton, Mr. 
John Haynes, afterwards governor of Connecticut, 
Mr. Goflj and two hundred other passengers of im- 
portance to the colony..- Mr. Hooker proceeded to 
Newtown, where he i'ound himself in the midst of a 
joyful and afifeclionate people, and was himself filled 
with joy. He embraced them wilh open arms, say- 
ing in the language of the apostle, " Now I live, if ye 
stand fast in the Lord." He was soon chosen pastor 
and Mr. Stone teacher. The church was gathered at 
Newtown, October ] 1th ; and after solemn fasting 
and prayer, the pastor and teacher were ordained to 
their respective olliccs. This was the pious band 
who afterwards transported themselves in their 
associated capacity to Hartford, which they first 
named Newtown. 

Jn 1634, by the continued emigration to New Eng- 
land, the people at Watertown, Dorchester and New- 
town began to be much straitened ; and receiving 
from those who had been to Connecticut, intelligence 
of the excellent meadows upon the river, they deter- 
mined to remove thither, and once more brave the 
dangers and hardships of making settlements in a 
dreary wilderness. This occasioned great excitement 



SETTLEMENT. 3 

and opposition in MassacbuseUs. But after a pro- 
tracted discussion, the General Court, in 1G35, finally 
granted permission to remove thither. A comraence- 
ment ot the settlement was made in 1635. Their 
sufferin2:s and trials while on their journey through 
tlie wilderness, and during the long and severe winter 
which folhnved, are well known. In 1G36, Mr. Hooker, 
and Mr. Stone, and a company of one hundred men, 
women and children, took their departure from Cam- 
bridge, and traveled more than a hundred miles, 
througli a hideous and trackless wilderness to Hart- 
ford. They had no guide but their compass ; and 
made their way over mountains, through swamps, 
thickets and rivers, which were passable with great 
difficulty. They had no cover but the heavens, and 
no lodgings but such as nature afforded them. They 
drove with them one hundred and sixty head of cattle, 
and subsisted by the way on the milk of their cows. 
Mrs. Hooker was borne through the wilderness on a 
litter. The people generally carried their packs, arms 
and some utensils. They were nearly a fortnight on 
their journey. This adventure was the more remark- 
able, as many of this company were persons of figure, 
who in England had lived in honor, affluence and 
delicacy, and were strangers to fatigue and danger. 
Gov. Haynes and some others did not appear in the 
colony until 1637. 

PURCHASE OF HARTFORD. 

The Indian name of Hartford was Suckiage. The 
settlers first named it Newtown from the place of their 
residence in Massachusetts ; but in February, 1637, 
ihey gave it the present name of Hartford. The 
place was originally purchased by Mr. Stone, Mr. 
William Goodwin and others, for the proprietors, of 
Sunckquasson, the Indian chief and proprietor of the 
soil. The original treaty was lost or carried away, 
and was renewed by his heirs and successors in 1670. 
The following is a true copy from the records : 



HARTFORD. 



INDIAN TREATY. 

"Whereas our predecessor Sunckquasson, sachem 
of Suckinge, ahas Harlford, did about the yeare six- 
teen hundred thirty six, by a writeing under his hand, 
pass over unto Mr. Samuel Stone and Mr. Wm. 
Goodwin, in the behalfe of" the present proprietors and 
owners of the lands belonging to the township of 
Hartford, all that part of his country from a tree 
marked N. F. which is the divident between Hartfcrd 
and Wethersfield — we say from the albarsayd tree 
on the south, till it meet with Windsor bounds on the 
north, and from the great river on tlie east, the whole 
bredth to run into the wilderness towards the w^est 
full six miles, which is to the place where Hartford 
and Farmington bounds meet; which grant of Sunck- 
quasson, as occasion hath been, w-as by him renewed 
to the honoured John Haines, Esqr. and other the first 
magistrates of this place, and enlarged to the wesL- 
• ward so far as his country went; which enlargement 
as well as his former grant was made in presence of 
many of the natives of the place and English inhabit- 
ants ; and severall yeares after, about the time of the 
planting of Farmington in the yeare one thousand six 
hundred and forty, in a writeing made between the 
English and Pethus the sachem or gentleman of" that 
place, there is a full mention of the albarsayd Sunck- 
quasson his grant of his country to the magistrates of 
this place, which grant we are privy too ; and we 
being the onely successors of Sunckquasson and pro- 
prietors (before the forementioned sale) of the lands 
belonging to the township of Hartford on the west 
side of the great river, being desired to confirm and 
pass over all our right and interest in the albarsayd 
lands to the present possessors of them, they infbrme- 
ing us that those writeings made by Sunckquasson 
before recited are at present out of the way, knowing 
what our predecessor hath done, and what considera- 
tion he hath received for the same, — 



INDIAN TREATY. 5 

We, Masseeckcup and William squa in behalf of 
ourselves and Wawarme the sister and oncly heire of 
Sunckquasson, and Keepequam, Seacutt, Jack Spiner, 
Currecoinbe, Wehassatuck squa and Scacunck squa, 
the onely inhabitants that are surviveing of the afoar- 
sayd lands, doe by these presents ovvne, acknowledge 
and declare, that Sunckquasson whoe was the sachem 
of Suckiage alias Hart-lord, and grand proprietor of 
the lands adjacent, did with the consent of those of 
us whoe were of age to declare our consent, and with 
the consent of the rest of the inhabitants of this place, 
about the year 1G36, pass over unto Mr. Samuel Stone 
and Mr. Wm. Goodwine, in behalfe and for the use of 
themselves and their company, all the land from 
Wethersfield bounds on the south, to Windsor bounds 
on the north, and the whole bredth from Conecticutt 
river on the east six large miles into the wilderness on 
the west, which sayd grant was afterwards upon 
further consideration renewed and enlarged by the 
sayd Sunckquasson, upon the desire of the honoured 
Mr. Haines and the rest of the magistrates of this 
place : but we being informed that on the removeall 
of some of the gentlemen afoarmentioned, the papers 
and writeings before specifyed are out of the way, 
and haveing now received of Mr. .Samuel Willys, 
Capt. John Tallcott, Mr. John AUyn and Mr. James 
Richards, a farther grattification of near the value the 
land was esteemed at before the English came into 
these parts — to prevent all farther trouble between 
ourselves and the inhabitants of Hartford, we the 
sayd Masseeckcup, Wm squa as afoarsayd, and Sea- 
cutt, Keepequam, Jack Spiner, Carrecotnbe, Wehas- 
satuck squa and Seacunck squa, upon the considera- 
tion forementioned, by these presents have and doe 
fully, clearly and absolutely give, grant, bargain, sell, 
ahen, enfeoffe and confirme unto Mr. Samuel Willys, 
Capt. John Tallcott, Mr. John AUyn, and Mr. Jjmes 
Richards, in behalfe of the rest of the proprietors of 
the land belonging to the township of Hartford, their 
heires and assignes forever, all that parcell of land 
from a tree marked N. F. being a boundary between 
1* 



6 HARTFORD. 

Wethersfield and Hartford on the soulh, to Windsor 
bounds on the north, and the Avhole hiedth of land 
from Wethersfield to Windsor bounds from the great 
river on the east to runn into the wilderness westward 
full six miles, which is to the place where Hartl'ord 
and Farminujton bounds meet, — To have and to hold all 
the afoarsayd parcell of land as it is bounded, with 
all the meadowes, pastures,- wnodes, underwood, 
stones, quarries, brookes, ponds, rivers, profitts, 
comodities and appurtenances whatsoever belonging 
thereto, unto the sayd Mr. Samuel Willys, Capt. John 
Tallcott, IVIr. James Hichards and Mr. John Allyn, in 
behalie of themsehes and iherest of ihe inhabitants of 
the towne of Hartford, whoe are stated proprietors in 
the undivided lands, their heires and assignes, to the 
onely proper use and behoofeofihe sayd Mr. Samuel 
Wil!ys, Ca})t. John Tallcott, Mr. John"x\llyn and Mr. 
James Richards as afoarsayd, iheir heires and assignes 
forever; and the sayd Massecup and Wm squa in 
behalf of themselves and Wawarme the sister of 
Sunckquasson and Seacutt, Keepequam, Jack Spiner, 
Currecombe, Wchassatuck squa, and Secunck squa, 
doe covenant to and with the sayd Mr. Samuel Willys, 
Mr. John Talcoit, Mr. James Richards and Mr. John 
Allyn, that after and next unto the afoarsayd Sunck- 
quasson, they the said Masseeckcup, Wm squa, 
Seacutt, Keepequam, &c. ha\e onely full power, good 
right, and lawfuU authority to grant, bargain, sell and 
convey all and singular the before hereby granted or 
mentioned to be granted premises with their and 
every of their appurtenances, unto the sayd Mr. 
Samuel Willys, Mr. John Tallcott, Mr. John Allyn 
and Mr. James Richards as afoarsayd, their heires 
and assignes forever, and that thev the sayd Mr. 
Samuel Willys, Mr. John Tallcott,^ Mr. .John Allyn 
and Mr. James Richards, and the rest of the proprie- 
tors of the undivided lands within the bounds of the 
township of Hartford, iheir heires and assignes, shall 
and may by force and vertne of these presents, from 
time to time and all times forever hereafter, lawfully 
have, receive and take the rents issues and profitts 



INDIAN TREATV. 7 

thereof to their owne proper use and beliooffe forever, 
without any lett, suit, trouble or disturbance whatso- 
ever otthe heires of Sunckquasson or of us the sayd 
Massecuji, Wm Squa, Seacutt, Keepequam, Jack 
Spiner, CuiTecombe, Wehassatuck squa, and Sea- 
cunck scjua, our heires or assignes, or of any other 
person or persons whatsoever clayming by, from or 
under us or any of us or by our meanes, act, consent, 
priority or procurement, and that free and clear and 
freely and clearW acquitted, exonerated and dis- 
charged or otherwise from time to time, well and 
sufficiently saved and kept harmless by the sa\'d 
Massecup, William — squa, Seacutt and Keepequam, 
&c. dieir heires, executors and administrators from 
all former and other grants, guilts, bargains, sales, 
titles, trembles, demands, and incumbrances whatso- 
ever had, made, committed, suilered or done by the 
afoarsayd ^lassccup, WiUiam squa, Keepequam, Sea- 
cutt, &c. 

^^In witness whereof, they have signed, sealed and 
delivered this writeing with their own hands, this 
fitih of July, one thousand six hundred and seventy. 

Signed, sealed and delivered Masseeckcup, his mark, t,. s. 

in presence of Seacutt, his mark, i,. s. 

ArramamaU, his mark, Jack Spiner, his mark, l. s. 

7T/«77rtr/w//?, his mark, Seacuwck squa's mark, l. s. 

N'schci^oi, his mark, Currecombe, his mark, l. s. 

jl//wH(/«//rt, his mark, Kekpeuuam, his maik, i,. s. 

IFr/ix/?.-?, his mark, Wit.mam squa's mark, l. s. 

Will. Waihworlh, Wehassatuck squa's mark, i,. s. 

John Addams, Nesacaneu gives consent to this 
John Slric/.iand, grant and bargain, as hewitness- 

Giks Hamlin. cth by subscribing 

Nesacanett, his mark, l. s. 

The original marks or signatures of the Indians are 
singular and grotesque. Some represent implements 
of war, some wild beasts, &c. 



S HARTFORD. 



^ORIGINAL PROPRIETORS AND SETTLERS. 

The following list of names is found in connection 
with two divisions of lands distributed to the sq,id pro- 
prietors, in the proportions of the number or numbers 
^ annexed to each. The orthography is that of John 
Allyn who transcribed the names from the old Town 
Book on to the Records in 1665. The true orthogra- 
phy will be found on the subsequent pages. John 
Allyn's entry is as follows : 

"The proprietors of the undivided lands in Hart- 
ford, with each of their proportions in one division as 
foUoweth, according to \vhich pioportions they payd 
for the purchass of sayd lands :" 

[The ' Mr.' prefixed to the names was a high honor, 
and was only bestowed on clergymen and men of the 
highest distinction.] 

—Mr. John Haines, 200, William Lewis, 40, 38, 

Mr. George Willis, 200, WiUiam Spencer, 30, 40, 
Mr. Edward Hopkins, 120, William Andrewes, 33, 30, 
Mr. Thomas Wells, 100, Steven Heart, 40, 
Mr. John Webster, 100, Bartholomew Greene, for- 

Mr. Thomas Hooker, SO, feited and settled by the 

Mr. Samuel Stone, 40, town on 

-Mr. Wm. Goodwine, 50, John Crow, 40, 20, 
Mr. Wm. Whittinge, 100, John Moodey, 40, 
Mr. Mathew Allyn", 110, Jhomas Standley, 42, 
Mr. John Tallcott, 90, ^ jTimothy Standley, 36, 32, 
James Olmsteed, 75,70, Edward Stebbing, 2S, 24, 
William Westwood, SO, Andrew Bacon, 2S, 
William Pantrey, 85, SO, John Bernard, 24, 
Andrew Warner, 84, Gregory Winterton, 28, 

\ John Steele, 50, 48, Samuel Wakeman, 35, 30, 

Nathaniel Wardc, 56, 60, William Gibbons, 22, 20, 
John White, 50, John Pratt, 26, 

^ William Wadsworth, 52, Richard Goodman, 26, 
Thomas Hosmore, 58, 60, Nathaniel EUy, 20, 18, 
Thomas Scott, 42, William Ruscoe, 35, 32, 



PROPRIETORS AND SETTLERS. 



James Ensigne, 24, 
John Hopkins, 2G, 24, 

\/ George Steele, 26, 
Steven Post, 30, 2^, 

'^ Thomas Jucld, 2-5, 20, 
I'homas Birchwood, 26, 
John Clarke, 2S, 22, 



Thomas Bull, 14, 12, 
George Slocking, 20, 
William Heyden, 14, 
Nicholas Clarke, 13, 12,^' 
Thomns Stanton, 16, 14, 
Thomas Hales, 10, 
Zachary Field, 10, 



Mathew Marvin, 30, 2S, , -Thomas Roote, 8, 6, 
William Bailer, 23, "William Parker, 13, 12, 

Thomas Lord, 28, v Seth Grant, 14, 

John Skinner, 22, 10, William Pratt, 8, 6, 

John Stone» removed or -Samuel Hales, 8, 



died, and left to 
John Marsh, 24, 12, 
Richard Lord, IS, 
Richard Webb, 30, 
John Maynard; 14, 
William Kellsey, 16, 



Richard Olmsteed, 10, 8, 
John Baysey, 14. 
Joseph Easton, 10, 
\Thomas Selden, 6, 

Francis Andrews, 10, 12, 
Richard Church, 20, 12, 
Jeramy Addams, 30, this William Hide, 20, 18, ,/ 
includes the share of Richard Wrisley, 8, 

KSam. Greenhill, deceased, William Holton, 12, 
rRobertDaye, 14, X- Robert Bartlett, 8, 

K Thomas Spencer, 15, 14, Edward Elmer, 14, 12, 
Nathaniel Richards, 26, Jonathan Tnce,died in Bos- 



Richard Lyman, 30, 
Joseph Mygatt, 20, 
W^illiam Blumfield, 16. 
Richard Butter, 16, 
George Graves, 24, 
Arthur Smith, 14, 
^William Hill, 20, 
Thomas Olcok, 32, 8, 
James Coale, 12, 10, 
John Arnold, 16, 



ton, and his right settled 

by ihe town on 
John Cullick, 58, 30, 
John Willcox, 36, 13, 
John Higginson, 12, not a 

settler, 
Clement Chapling, 20, 
Dorothy Chester, probably 

did not settle in Hartford, 

Or soon removed. 



There was another large class of original settlers, 
who were not original purchasers. They had shares 
m some of the undivided lands, by votes of the original 
proprietors, according to the proportions indicated bv 
the figures annexed to their names. Mr. Allyn's entry 
is as Ibllows : 



10 



HAllTFORD. 



"The names of such inhabitants as were granted 
lotts to have onely at the towne's courtcsie, with llbtrt y 
to fetch woodc and keepe swine or cowes on the 
Common." 



6, 



4, 



N John Brunson, 10, 3, 

'~ John Warner, 6, 
William Cornwell, 8, 
Thomas Woodford, S 
John Biddell, 6, 4, 
Ralph Keylor, 6, 
- — -Thomas Lord, Jun. 
John Hallaway, 6, 
Nathaniel Kellog, 6, 
Thomas Barnes, G, 
t^ichard Se^anore, 
John Purcasse, 6, 
William Philhps, 8, 6, 
Nicholas Disbroe, 6, 
Benjamin Burre, G, 
Hosea Goodwin, 10, G, 
Robert Wade, G, 4, 
John Olmsteed, 4, 3, 
Benjamin Munn, 8, 
Daniel Garwood, G, 
John Hall, G, 



John Morrice, S, 6, 
Nathaniel Barding, 6, 
John Ginnings, G, 
G, Paul Pecke, 8, 

George Hubbard, 6, 
Thomas Blisse, G, 
Thomas Blisse, Jun. 4, 
"^ Edward Lay, G, 
Thomas Gridley, 6, 
John Sables, G, 
John Pierce, 4, 3, 
Giles Smith, 8, 
Richard Watts, 8, G, 
William Westley, 8, G, 
Thomas Richards, 8, 
Henry Walkeley, G, 4, 
James Walkeley, 4, 
Thomas Upson, 4 
Widdoe Belts, 4, 
Thomas Bunce, 13, 
WiUiam Watts, 4. 



In addition to the above, the following persons had 
been owners of lots previous to 1G39, and had either 
sold them, or forfeited them to the town, by not settling 
or removing, contrary to the conditions of their grant. 



Thomas Beale, 3, 
Thomas Fisher, 
John Friend, 
Thomas Goodfellow, 
Thomas Hongerfortt, 



Reynold Marvin, 
Thomas Munson, 
Abram Pratt, 
Samuel Whitehead. 



The names of subsequent settlers we shall give in 
future numbers. 



ORGANIZATION OF THE TOWIST. 11 



ORGANIZATION OF THE TOWN. 

No sooner had llie first settlers arrived in 16'35, n/ 
than they united themselves in a corporate capacity ; 
or perhaps continued the previous organization which 
thev had in Massachusetts. The Ibllowino- are the 
V first votes on record : 

" Hartford, 1635." 

" It is ordered, that whoesoever hath a lott granted 
in this towne, and removes frotn the same to dwell, 
within fower years after the granting of such lotts, 
then the sayd lott or lotts is to returne unto the hands 
of the towne agayne, they paying for the worth of the , 
- labor done upon it: or if any person shall desire to 
sell liis lott or lotts within that t^me, they shall first 
ofl(?r the same unto the towne, whoe shall either give 
^ the worth of the labor done upon it, or else have liberty 
to sell it to any other fhat the towne shall approve of, 
for the same value: and for default thereon, to return 
to the towne. 

"It is ordered, that for anny tyme hereafter, untill 

it bee rcstreyned, the towne shall have liberty to lay 

out any highwayes through any men's ground, if 

it be found needfull, provided they give the party 

\ resonable satisfaction. 

" It is ordered, that whoesoever doth not improve 
his house lott, by building upon it in twelve months 
after it is granted, then sayd lott to returne to the 
towne agayne. 

"Upon these three condycions, all the land that is 
given in the towne, is granted upon." 

The next order required every householder to have 
xa ladder or tree to reach within two feet of the top of 
the house. 

" It is ordered that there shall be a guard of 

men to attend with their arms fixed, and 2 shote of 
powder and shott at least, upon every publique meet- -/ 
ino; for rclis^ious use, with two seriants to oversee the 



' i-.-yx. -^f V ,,^iue- ^ ^ti^^dcj^:!^ ^i-iC^', 






,^^- 



L-.^ t 



12 

^'^ HARTRORD. 



same, and keepeouL one of them sentenall every meet- 
ing ; and the sayd guard to be ^r^e from wardin^s 
and to have seats provided near the meetino-hou%e 
door; and the senants to repayre to the magistrate fbr 
a warrant lor due execution thereof." 

\. fJZ"" ^T'^' ^", '"^■"■"^'^ "^^°^^^« of t«^^'n votes, 
. &c. were kept until l(i39, when the above orders 

appear to have been recorded. From that time for- 
ward, the records are regular and pretty full and 
complete. They appear To have bee^n kept by the 
townsmen themselves, and not by the Resrister or the 

legalofficerwhomadetheentriesoflandsand any other 
important matters which he was instructed to record. 
1 he entries on the Town Book are in a great variety 
ot hand writing, more like a memorandum book than 
an authorized record. The book is much worn and 
N* defaced, and much of the writing obliterated, or torn 
or worn off the edoes. 

O 

The original orgnnizalion of the town Avas purely 
democratic ; all were not only permitted but required 
, to take a part in all public proceedinos. The only 
\ limitation resulted from the fundamental principle of 
their oigamzation, that no one could reside amon- 
them who had not been admitted an inhabitant; and 
no one coukl be admitted an inhabitant, except by a 
public vote of the freemen ^ ^ 

Towjf Officers. The first town officers were 
constables and townsmen. The constables were 
representatives of the executive power, and as such 
were greatly feared and reverenced. The townsmen 
had similar powers to those of our select-men. The 
following were their duties, as they were voted at a 
general meeting, January 1, 1638, or 1639 as we now 
reckon, they commencing their year in March. 
"January 1, 1638." 

"It IS agreed that the townsmen for the time bein- 
shall have the power of the whole town, to ord-n- the 
common occasions of the town, except in the cases 
loilowino:. 



TOWN OFFICERS. 13 

1. Tliat lliey receive no new inhabitant into the ^ 
town without ap{)iol)ation of the body. 

2. That they make no levies except it be for charges 
expended or to be expended about guarding or order- 
ino" ofi' cattle. 

3. That they neither give nor grant any lands be- 
longing to the town, except an acre or two at most, to 
any inhabitant, and that in case of present necessity. 

4. That they do not alter any highway already / 
settled and laid out. 

5. Although they may, according to the liberty 
given them by the body, at a public meeting, call out 
the persons and cattle belonging to any inhabitant for 
the service of the whole, and increase the wages of .y 
any above the ordinary rates allowed in the town, as 
the}' shall see just cause, provided they exceed not 

^^ 6d. a. day to any, 3^et they shall not require, by virtue 
of said order, the cattle of any to be employed in any 
service belono^inix to the whole, without the liberties of 
the town, except they undertake in the name of the 
body to return the cattle so employed in safety to the 
owner, besides a reasonable allowance for the hire of 
the same. 

6. The townsmen shall not be longer than fourteen ^ 
days at most, without a set and joint meeting of them 
altogether, to consider of and order the occasions of 
the town committed to them, and to agree upon a time 
or times to call the body together to consult, and con- 
clude of other cases that shall occur, not left within 
their power; and if an}^ of them fail to meet at the 
time appointed, he shall not refuse to pay two shillings 
six pence for every such defiult. 

7. No one townsman slall require the service of 
any person or cattle, without the knowledge and con- 

V sent r>/ some of the rest." 

The preceding are all the votes of the town preserved 
on record previous to the fall of 1G39 ; during which 
year, the governnicmt of Connecticut was constituted'/ 
and organized, and an act passed by them, authorizing 
the towns to organize themselves in a corporate capa- 
city, and requiring them to choose registers and enter 
2 



14 HARTFORD. 

their lands and record important votes. From this 
time the records are regular and full. 

At the first regular meeting of the town, November 
16, 1639, John Steele was chosen register or town 
clerk, which office he held until 1651, when he removed 
to Farmington. Some of the doings at this annual 
meeting are as follows : 

" At a general meeting of the whole town, the 23d 
of December, 1639, 

♦' There was then chosen to order the affairs of the 
town for one year, William West wood, Wilham 
Spencer, Nathaniel Ward, John Moody. There was 
also chosen constables, Nathaniel Ely, Thomas Hos- 
mer. 

" It was then ordered as follows : 

1. That the said townsmen should have the same 
power that those had the year before. 

2. That they should be exempted from training, 
watchings and wardings. 

3. That they should have liberty to choose two 
men for either side of the river, who shall attend them 
in such things as they appoint about the town affairs, 
and be at a public charge." 

At a meeting in February following, 

"Arthur Smith and Thomas Woodford were then 
chosen to attend the townsmen in such things as they 
appoint, and their principal work to be as l(:)lloweth : 

1. To view the fences about common field so often 
as they shall be appointed by the townsmen, and to 
have 3d. an hour for the time they spend about the 
same. And if either of them find any [down or 
broken,] they shall sufficiently mend up the same, and 
shall have 4d. an hour for all the time they spend 
about the same, to be paid by the parties whose pales 
they mend. 

2. To view the common fields so often as they 
shall be appointed by the tov.-nsmen, and to have 3d. 
an hour for the same ; and if they or either of them 
take any cattle or swine in the same, then to do their 
best to bring them to the pound, either by themselves 
or any help they shall need ; and shall have 3d. an 



TOW>r OFFICERS. 15 

liour for himself and the help he shall need, and 2d. a 
head for the same, to be paid by the parties which 
own the cattle or swine : also if at any other times, 
they or either of them see or know of any beast or 
swine, in any common corn field, on this side the great 
river, they shall do their best to pound them, and 
shall have for their pounding a piece, also they 

shall take for the damage which the cattle or swine 
shall do, before they shall be released, or pay it them- 
selves, and shall repay the same to the parties who 
hath been [the sufferers] according to an order for that 
[purpose."] 

3. [The old record is here so mutilated and partly 
torn off, that their next duty cannot be learned.] 

4. [This duty appears to relate to giving notice of 
meetings.] 

5. To do their best to search into the breach of any 
such order as shall be given them in charge by the 
townsmen, and to return truth of the same so near as 
they can, and to have 3d. an hour for the same. 

6. Whosoever elsn shall at any time bring any 
cattle or swine to the pound, they shall severally 
attend to help pound the same, and shall receive the 
pay due to the party for pounding, according to an 
order for that purpose, and for the damage which shall 
be done by them, and shall repay it to the several 
persons, and shall have 2d. a head for themselves. 

7. They shall give notice to the parties whose corn 
or grass the damage is done in, that so the}^ may have 
it prized according to an order for that purpose. 

8. They shall do any other special public service 
which is within their power to do, being required by 
the townsmen — as to warn men to public, employment, 
or to gather some particular rates or the like ; and to 
have 3d. an hour for the same." 

The following are the orders referred to a.bove : 

" It is ordered that whatsoever damage is done in 

any man's corn or meadow by any cattle or swine, it 

shall be prized by two indiffisrent men, and the owner 

of the cattle or swine shall pay for the damage, and 

'^^ for the time which is spent in viewing. 



16 HAKTFOUD. 

" It is also ordered, that whosoever finds any cattle 
or swine in any corn field, and brings them to the 
pound, shall have 2d. a head for the same ; and if the 
premium be httle, by reason of the small number, 
then to be farther recompensed according to their 
desert, to be set down by the townsmen. 

V " It is further ordered , that all common fences about 
' corn fields, shall be sufficiently made up as shall be 

iudged by two men, before the 2d of April if the flood 
do not hinder, and also set a stake with the two first / 
letters of their name on the further side from the town, 
upon the forfeiture of 2s. by the rod, 12d. a stake, and 
6d. a week, so long as it shall remain so, and pay 
double for mending the pales if they do not. 

" It is further ordered, that whosoever breaks open 
the pound, or shall use any unlawful means to take 
his beast or swine, or shall oppose any that shall be 
driving them to the pound, shall forfeit for every such 
fault IQs. and be otherwise dealt withal as the nature 
of the offence shall require." 

V I'rices of Labor. The prices of labor were regu- 
lated by votes of the town. After speaking of some 
public officers, it is added : 

" Nor any day laborer above ISd. in the winter, and 
\ 2s. in the summer, except planting time, and then not , 
above 2s. 6d. a day ; and theJ.nii^rior sort under : also / 
for draft cattle, not above 14d. a pair a day th(^best, 
in winter, and ISd. in the summer, and the inferior 
sort under, to be ranked in the several sorts by the 
town : and for the cart, if four cattle or above, 6d. a 
day ; if but three, then 4d. a day ; but if but two, 

then 3d. a day. 

And the winter to be accounted from the first of 
November to the first of March, and the planting time 
from the 15th April to the 15tli July. Also, all day 
laborers,which work without doors, i n the winter shall 
work nine hours for one day ; and in the summer, 
eleven hours; and the draft to work eight hours from 
the fifteenth of May to the first of November, and 
six hours from the fi'rst of November to the fifteenth 
of May. 



■**:" 



STRANGERS. 17 

" And whosoever takes any work by the great, / 
when it is ended, if either party have cause to com- 
plain, he may make the case known to the townsmen; 
and it" they judge either party to have oppressed the 
other in the work, to have it viewed by indifferent 
men, and to compel the parties to stand to the arbiter- 
ment. 

" Also, no man shall take above 4s. 6d. for sawing 
of boards, and 5s. 6d. for slit work, the timber being 
squared and laid at the pit; nor above Sd. a C. for 
riving six loot pales or clapboards, and 6d. a C. for 
three foot: nor above 7s. for boards, and 2s. Gd. lor 
three foot clapboards; and 3s. 6d. for six foot pales, 
and 4s. 6d. lor six foot clapboards : and whosoever 
gives or takes more, directly or indirectly, shall for- 
teit for every time os. 

[Sawing was then done by hand. A pit was dug 
in the ground, in which one of the sawmen stood, over 
whom the timber to be sawed was placed on a frame, 
on which stood the other sawman.] 

" Also, whosoever sells any commodity, and takes 
unreasonable fair or work in men's necessity, shall be 
liable to be fined by the townsmen, according to the 
offense." 

Entertaining Strangers. " It is further or- 
dered, that whosoever entertains any person or family 
in his house which is not admitted an inhabitant in 
the town, above one month, without leave from the 
town, shall discharge the town from any cost or 
trouble that may come thereby, and be liable to be 
called in question for the same." 

Shade Trees. "It is further ordered, that whoso- 
ever hath any trees planted upon any lot which was 
given him for planting ground, and they be prejudicial 
to those which lie next, he shall fall the same ; or if 
he either neglect or refuse, he who lies next may do it, 
and to be either paid in [money] the worth of the 
same work, or in work again. Jf the party be not 
able to do it presently, then the townsmen have 
power to give him some time for the [same.]" 
2* 



18 HARTFORD. 

The follo\ving orders were passed in Jan. 1G39, 
[1640.] 

Meetings. "It is ordered that every inhabitant 
which hath not freedom from the whole to be absent, 
shall make his personal appearance at every general 
meeting of the whole town, having sufficient warn- 
ing ; and whosoever fails to appear at the time and 
place appointed, shall pny six pence for every such 
default: but if he shall have a lawful excuse, it shall 
be repaid him again : or whosoever departs away 
from the meeting before it be ended, without liberty 
from the whole, shall pay the like [fine]. 

"It is ordered that there shall be a set meeting of 
all the townsmen together, the first Thursday in every 
month, by nine of the clock in the forenoon, that so if 
any inhabitant have any business with them, he may 
repair unto them: and whosoever of them do not 
meet at the place and time set, to forfeit two shiUings 
six pence for every such fault. 

"It is ordered, that hereafter no order to stand in 
force, until it hath been published at some general 
meeting, or sent from house to house. To that end, 
whensoever the townsmen shall give notice to stay 
after lecture, whosoever shall neglect so to do, shall 
be liable for the breach of any order as if he staid and 
heard the same." 

The town kept a survcyor''s chain for the use of the 
inhabitants, subject to the following regulation : — 

"It is ordered, that whosoever borrows the town 
chain, shall pay two pence a day for every day they 
keep the same, and pay for mending it, if it be broken 
in their use." 



ORIGINAL LAYING OUT OF THE TOWN. 

The original town plot occupied ncarlj- the same 
space as the present city. The central part was di- 
vided into house lots, called two acres each, and dis- 
tributed among the original purchasers ; and on the 
borders of these were half acre house lots granted to 



STREETS. 19 

Other settlers. The names and locations of the ori- 
ginal streets are given below. The present names of 
the streets are prefixed in brackets. 
[Main, north of the bridge.] "lload from the Con- 

tinel Hill to the Palisado." 
[Front.] " Little River to North Meadow." 
[State, to Front.] " Meeting House to Little Mead- 
ow." 
[Kilbonrn.] " Road to the Ferry." 
Another "Road to the River," extended from Front 
street to the Connecticut river, between State 
street and Potters' lane ; and another "In the 
Little Meadow," extended north and south 
froiii the above to Kilbourn street ; both which 
were subsequently closed. 
"Road to the Neck," and " to the Soldiers Field," 
lay on the west side of the North Meadow 
creek, and probably extended to Windsor ; an- 
other 
" Road to the Neck," on which Matthew AUyn's 
house lot lay, extended from the bend in the 
present Village street, bearing a little west of 
north, oi)liqnely to and over the hill, which has 
been entirely closed within a few years. 
[Burr.] " Centinel Hill to the Cow Pasture." 
[Trumbull] " Centinel Hill to Seth Grant's house." 
[Pearl.] "Meeting House to the Mill." This street 
originally extended to the front of the pres- 
ent jail, then turned south to the river, and con- 
tinued northwesterly on the bank of the river to 
the mill which stood near the foot of West Pearl 
street ; thence continued nearly the same course, 
up the hill and onward in front of the Asylum to 
the Commons, and was called the 
" Road from the Mill to the Country." [The street 
commonly called Work-house lane, was laid out 
about A. D. 1725; and was the only new street 
laid out in the limits of the present city, from the 
setilemcnt of the town to the close of the Revolu- 
tion and the incorporation of the city.] 
[High, north of Church street.] "Cow Pasture to 
Mr. Allen's land." 



20 HARTFORD. 

{School and Mill] " Highway by the Little river." 
[Sheldon.] " Highway by Little river." 
[Part of Bliss, Elm, '&c.] "Mill to the South 
Meadow." 
N [Bliss.] " George Steele's to Mill." 

[Washington.] "George .Steele's to Great Swamp." 
[Buckingham, as it was, Charter, &c.] " George 

Steele's to South Meadow." 
[Charter.] " Giles Smith's to Wm. Gibbons's." 
[Main, south of bridge.] " Town" or "Bridge" 
or " Moody's to Wethersfield ;" also "Road to 
the Ox Pasture." 
[Cole.] " Koad to Wethersfield," " to Ox Pasture," 
" Wm. Hill's to Ox Pasture," and parts of it 
were called, " Wm. Gibbons's to Thomas Judd's" 
and " Thomas Hosmer's to Country." 
[Meadow lane.] " Road to the Indians' land." 
N [Oil Mill lane.] " Road from George Steele's lo 
Thomas Richards's," or "John Biddell's."— 
Another east and west highway lay south of this, 
probably where Russ's lane now is ; which 
met another 
" Road from Holton's to Savell's," or " to John Bar- 
nard's land," that extended south from the riv- 
er west of the College lot, in the rear of the 
present house lots, now closed. 

LOCATIONS OF THE ORIGINAL PROPRIE- 
TORS, AND SETTLERS. 

The most dislinG:uished families among the first 
settlers, were located on the east side of Cole street ; 
on the two sides of the Little river, and on Main street 
in front of the State House, and south to the river. 

For the convenience of future reference, I shall di- 
vide these house lots info tiers on each side of the river, 
and number the several lots, as follows: — 

On the North Side, the 
1st Tier lies on the north side of Little river, and is 
numbered 1 to 4, from Front to Main street. 



HOUSE LOTS. 21 

2d Tier lies on the north side of Little river, and is 

numbered 5 to S, west from Main street. 
3;Z J'lcr lies on the east side of Main street, and is 

numbered 9, 10, from the 1st Tier to the original 

Meeting House yard. 
4:th Tier lies on the west side of Front street, and is 

numbered 11 to 13, from 1st Tier to Statb street. 
bth Tier lies on the west side of Front street, and is 

numbered 14 to 21, from State to Village street. 
Q)th Tier lies on the east side of Main street, and is 

numbered 22 to 2S, from the original Meeting 

House lotto Villao'e street. 
Ith Tier lies between Main and Trumbull streets, and 

is numbered 29 to 34, from Pearl to Burr street. 
8th Tier lies on the west side of Trumbull street, and 

is numbered 35 to 43, from Burr street to the 

river. 
9th Tier lies on the east side of Mill or Trumbull 

street, and is numbered 44 to 46, south from 

Pearl street. 
lOtIt Tier lies on the west side of Main street, and is 

numbered 47 to 49, south from Pearl street. 
ll^A Tier lay on a street now closed, which extended 

from Village street to the Neck, and is numbered 

50 to 54, North from Village street, and 55 on the 

West side of the street. 
I2th Tier lies on the east side of Burr street; and is 

numbered 56 to 70, northerly from Village 

street. 
13^/t Tier lies on the west side of Burr street and Al- 
bany turnpike, and is numbered 71 to 76, north- 
erly from Trumbull street. 
lith Tier lies on Tower hill, and is numbered 77 to 

80, from the Little river northward. 
On the South Side, the 
1st Tier lies east pf Cole street, and is numbered 1 to 

7, from the Little river, south. 
2d Tier commences at the junction of Main and Cole 

streets, and extends north to Charter street, 

numbered S to IL 
'3d Tier lies between Charter and Sheldon streets, and 

is numbered 12 to 16, from Cole to Main street. 



1, 



22 



HARTFORD. 



Ath Tier lies between Elm and old Buckingham 

streets, and is numbered 17 to 2G from Main to 

Bliss street. 
5th Tier lies on the south side of old Backingham 

street, and is numbered 21 to 36 from Main to 

Washington street. 
Qth Tier lies on the west side of Bliss street, and is 

numbered 37 to 41, from the south end of the 

street to the river. 
Ith Tier lies north of Elm street, and is numbered 42 

to 46, East from Bliss street. 
Sth Tier hes on the west side of West street, and is 

numbered 47 to 51, south from Oil Mill lane to 

Russ's lane. 
9/!A Tier lies on the west side of West street, and is 

numbered 52 to 56, south from the lane. 
lOth 2'/er lay on a north and south street, west of Tier 

8th, now closed, numbered 57 to 59, south from 

Oil Mill lane. 
11th Tier hiy west of the above street, now closed, and 

is numbered 60 to 63, south from Oil Mill lane. 
The original proprietors of the above lots, and the 
settlers on them, are given below. The original pro- 
prietors who did not settle on their respective lots, or 
who deceased or removed from town before 1640, are 
included in brackets. 



North Side. 
[Richard Webb,] 
John Haynes, 
Thomas Hooker, 
Samuel Stone, 
Wm. Goodwin, 
Thomas Standley, 
Thomas Loril, 
Richard Lord, 
Joim Steele, 

10 Clement Chaplain, 

11 James Olmsted, 

12 Wm. Pantry, 

13 Thomas Scott, 
•14 Edward Stebbins, 



1 
~1 

2 
3 

-^ 
-5 
-6 

--.-7 
^9 



1 

3 

4 
5 



South Side. 
Edward Hopkins, 
John 'White, 
Wm. Gibl)ons, 
Wm. Whiting, 
John Webster, 
T- 6 Thomas Welles, 
V7 Thomas Hosmer, 

8 James Cole, 

9 Thomas Judd, 
10 George Wyllys, 

wl2 Wm. Hills, 

13 Samuel Wakeman, 
^14 Andrew Warner, 

15 Nathaniel Ward, 



HOUSE LOTS. 



23 



"^15 
16 
16 
17 
IS 
18 

-19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 

28 
29 
29 
30 
30, 
32 
33 
34 
35 
37 
38 
39 
40 
.41 
42 
43 
44 
47 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
' 52 
55 
67 



Timolhy Stfiudley, 
[John Stone,] 
John Marsh, 
Win. Butler, 
[John Barnard,] 
[^fatthew Allen,] 
Wm. Westwood, -^ 
[Stephen Hart,] 
Alatthew Marvin, 
Riehard Goodman, 
Wm. Lewis, 
John Talcotl, 
Edward Elmer, 
Nathaniel Ely, 
llobert Dayr' '^"^ 
Wm. Kelsey, 
[Edward Hopkins,] 
Thomas Olcott, 
[John Haynes,] 
31, John Pratt, \ 

John Maynard, 
Riehard Webb, 
Dorothy Chester, 
Thomas Hale, 
Thomas Birchwood, 
John Clark, 
Wm. Parker, 
Wm. Ruscoe, 
Wm. Wads worth, 
Thomas Stanton, 
Nathaniel Riehards, 
Seth Grant, 
[Samuel Whitehead,] 
Richard Lord, 
John Skinner, 
Richard Olmsted, 
Nicholas Clarke, 
Matthew Allen, 
Wm. Hayden, 
Stephen Hart, 
Thomas Spencer, 



16 
17 

18 

19 

20 

21 
o-:) 

23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
41 
42 
43 
45 

45 
47 
56 

57 
63 



Andrew Bacon, 
Samuel Greenhill, 
Gregory Wolterton, 
John ]>arnard, 
Arthur Smilh, 
George Graves, 
James Ensign, 
Jeremy Adams, 
Joseph Easton, 
John Baysee, 
Richard JButler, 
John Moody, 
Wm. Hyde, 
John Arnold, 
Richard Lyman, 
Thomas Bull, 
[Even Davie,] 
Stephen Post, 
George Stocking, 
George Steele, 
Joseph Mygatt, 
Wm. Blumfield, 
[John Friend,] 
John Wilcock, 
WiUiam Andrews, 
John Hopkins, 
[Jonathan Lice, for- 
feited and granted to] 
John CuUick, 
WiUiam Holton, 
Richard Rizley, 
Thomas Selden, 
Robert Bartlctt, Y 



\ 



V 



24 



HARTFORD. 



r- 



6S Richard Church, 
69 Zachariah Field, 
60 Thomas Root, 



62 Samuel Hale, 
65 Wm. Pratt, 
77 Wm. Spencer, 



The following are the house lots of those first set 
tiers, who were not the original proprietors. 



North Side. 
8 Thomas Lord, Jun., 
IS Thomas Woodford, 
36 Ozias Goodwin, 

45 John Bidden, 

46 Mary Betts, 

\ 53 John Bronson, 
54 William Cornwell, 



South Side. 
11 Giles Smith, 
28 Thomas Gridley, 
40 Ralph Keeler, 

48 Paul Peck, 

49 Henry Walkley, 

50 Richard Watts, 

51 William Watts, 



56 [Thos. Fisher, forfeit.]52 William Westley, 



56 John Hallaway, 
61 Benjamin Munn, 

63 Benjamin Burr, 

64 John Warner, 

66 Nicholas Ginninffi 



\y 53 Edward Lay, 
54 John Olmsted, 
5C John Pierce, 

58 Thomas Bhss, 

59 Thomas Bliss, Jun., 

60 Thomas Bunce, 

61 John Savell, 

62 Thomas Richards. 



67 John Pierce, 

67 Robert Wade, 

68 Daniel Gappad, 

69 Nicholas Disbro, 
-^,70 Richard Seymor, 

71 John Purchas, 

72 William Phillips, 
72 Nat. Kellogg, 

74 Thomas Hungerford, 

75 Thomas Barnes, 

76 Thomas Upson, 

77 [John Hall,] 

78 John Morricc, 

79 Nathaniel Barding, 

80 .John Ginnings, 

Thus it appears that on the first of Jan. 1640, 
there were nearly 150 families settled on so many 
house lots in Hartford, which must have contained 600 
or 800 people. 

The inhabitants on the North and South sides of the 
Little river, constituted, in many respects, two distinct 
communities, from the first settlement of the town. 



I 



GENEALOGY AND BIOGRAPHY 



OF THE 



FIUST SETTLERS OF HARTFORD. 



¥-■ 



Note. — The namos of heads of families are printed in small capitals, 
and t'losc of their children immediately follow. The numbers at the 
left hand refer to the succeeding heads of families, and to the corres- 
ponding: notices. The dates preceding- and following the names denote 
the times of birth and death, m. stands for married, d., died, and b., 
born. 

1 Jeremy was in Cam- 
bridge, Mass., in 1632, 
and an original proprietor 
and settler of Hartford. 
He married Rebekah, the 
widow of Samuel Green- 
hill, and came into pos- 
session of the Greenhill 
estate, by entering into a 
bond to pay over a stipu- 
lated sum to the two mi- 
nor children when of age. 
He sold his house lot to 
Thomns Catlin, and removed to the Greenhill house, 
on the west side of Main street, next south of the 
bridge. But about 1651, he purchased the John 
Steele lot, on the east side of Main street, about half 
way from the bridge to the State house, \vhere he 
kept tavern many years. He was an active man of 
some note, and received the appointment of harbor- 
master from the General Court. He became em- 
barrassed, and the colony came into possession of his 
house and lot; which were redeemed in 1635 by his 
grandson Z;^chary Santbrd. He died in 1633. 
2 Ann, married Robert Sanford. 

3 1 



1 


ADAMS, Jeremy, 


2 


Ann, 


3 


John 1669, 


5 


Elenor, 


3 


1643 Samuel. 


6 John, 


7 


165S Rebekah, 


8 


60 Abigail, 


4 


62 Sarah, 


9 


61 Jeremy, 


10 


66 John, 


11 


63 Jonathan, 


12 


70 



HARTFORD. 



3 John diod young, and his- descendants became 
scattered. Jerenjv lived in Hunlinolon, L. I. John 
lived in Great Eirs,' Harbor, N. J., and had a son Jo- 
nas in Trenton, in 1753. 

4 Elenor marrietl Natlianlel Willott. 

BAYSEY, .loHN, an original proprietor and set- 
tler. His liouse lot was No. 25, between Bucking- 
ham now College and Ehii Streets. He was by 
trade a weaver, tie died in 1371 and his wife Eliz- 
abeth in 1673. tie hnd no s< ns ; his daughters were, 

Lydia, m. John Baker, 
Mary, m. Sarrmel Burr, 
Elizabeth, b. 1645, m. Paul Peck. 
John Baker had a son, and Samuel Burr a grand- 
son, named Baysey, to preserve tiie name. 

CHAPLAIIN, Clement, was elder of tlie church 
in Wethersfield, and probably never resided in Hart- 
ford, though he was one of the original purchasers. 
He was admitted freeman in Camliridge, in 1635, 
and elected representative in Massachusetts, in 1636. 
In 1637, he was a member ot" the Committee of the 
Colony of Connecticut, and chosen Treasurer. He 
also represented Wethersfield in the General Court 
in 164-2 and 1643, when he died. 
1 CHURCH, Richard, 1 Richard was an ori- 
ginal proprietor and set- 
tler, and lived on the east 
side of Buir Street. He 
removed to Hadley. 

2 John m. Sarah dau^h- 
ter otiiichard Beckley of 
New Haven in 1657. 

3 Richard of Colches- 
ter may have had other 
children. 

4 Sarah m. George 
Knight, and Samuel Hub- 
bard?. 

5 John m. Abigail Cad- 
well in 1699. 

6 Mary m. Standish. 



2 


John, 1691. 


2 John, 


3 


Richard 1730, 


4 


Sarah, 


5 


John 1735, 


6 


Mary, 


7 


Rulh, 


8 


Samuel 1719, 


9 


1673 x\nn. 


10 


74 Elizabeth, 


11 


76 Joseph, 


12 


79 Dehverance, 


3 Richard, Colchester, 


13 


James 1751. 


5 John, Mr. 


14 


1701 John, 



GENEALOGY. 



J 5 1703 Caleb 17G0, 

16 4 Al)ig:iil, 

17 6 Mury 1GG7, 
IS S Joseph, 

19 10 Daniel. 
6 Samuel, 

20 1699 Joseph, 

21 Samuel, 

22 Ebenezer, 

23 Elizabeth, 

24 Sarah. 

13 James, East Hartford, 
1724 Joseph, 
James, 
Mary, 



25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
15 
30 
31 
32 



1728 Abigail, 



30 Jerusha. 
Caleb, 

.''George, 
1754 Asher, 

.^Russell 1778. 
25 Joseph, 



8 Samuel married wd. 
Elizabeth CI uk in 1710, 
his seeond wife. 

9 Ann m. Benj. Cleve- 
land, Cnnterlniry. 

10 Elizabeth m. Jona. 
Clark. 

11 Jos. probably had 
no chiklren. 

12 Deliverance lived in 
Westfield. 

13 James from Col- 
chester owned slaves and 
an estate in Bedford, 
Mass., and had a fvmily 
of note. He married Ab- 
igail, daughter of Caleb 
Standley, Esq. in 1722. 

19 Daniel lived in New- 
Hart foixl. 

2L Samuel lived in 
Bethlehem. 

22 Ebenezer, Norwalk. 



33 Joseph 1777. 

23 Elizabeth m. Henry Bass, Windham. 

24 Sarah m. John Paine, Plainfield. 
26 James oraduated at Yale 1756. 
28 Abigail m. Wni. Pitkin. 

33 Joseph, Jan. graduated at Yale, 1768. He left 
no children. His wife Mary m. Wm. Imlay. 



1 
2 

3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 



CROW, John, Mr. 
John 1667, 
J^sther, 
1646 Sarah, 

49 Anna, 

50 Elizabeth 1727, 
(daughter,) 
Marv, 



1 John Crow became 
possessed, by vote of the 
town, of theorio'inal riGfht 
of Bartholomew Greene, 
wliich was forfeited by 
his removal from thetown. 
This, together with the 



property of Elder Wm. 
Nathaniel 1695, Goodwin, whose daiigh- 
Daniel 1693. ter and only child Eliza- 
9 Nathaniel, E. Hart, beth he married, render- 
11 1685 Eliz. in 1710, ed Mr. Crow the greatest 



4 HARTFORD. 

12 16S7 John 1714, landholder m Hartford. 

13 94 Deborah. He was one of the first 
12 John, East Hartford, settlers in East Hartford^ 

14 1711 Nathaniel. but afterwards removed 

14 Nathaniel, to Had ley, and died in 

15 Nathaniel. 1GS5. His surviving sons 
in Hartford became extravagant and dissipated, and 
squandered the propert}' ; but the daughters married 
some of the first men of Connecticut, and on the riv- 
er in Massachusetts, whose descendants are numer- 
ous. 

2 John was a weahhy West India merchant, and 
had an establishment in Fairfield. He died at sea 
without children. 

3 Esther m. Giles Hamlin, Esq. of Middletown. 

8 Mary m. Samuel Partridge of Hatfield. 

6 Eliz. m. (I) William Warren, who died in 16S9 ; 
and (2) Phineas Willson a wealthy merchant from 
Dublin. On his death in 1691, she continued her 
husband's business, and became the most extensive 
banker in the state. She was accustomed to loan 
money on mortgage, not only to citizens of Hartford, 
but in the adjacent towns. Her daughters married 
some of the first men in New England. 

4, 5 and 7 m. Thomas Dickinson, Noah Coleman^ 
and Daniel \\ hite of Hatfield. 

9 Nathaniel's widow^,Deborah, m. Andrew Warner 
of Windham, and died in 1697. 

10 Daniel left a widow but no children. 

11 Elizabeth m. Daniel Dickinson. 

12 John left a widow Hannah, and an only child. 
CULLICK, John, Capt. one of the most noted men 

in the colony, had, by vote of the town, conferred on 
him the estate assigned to Jon a. Ince. He lived on 
the north side of Elm street. He married Elizabeth, 
dau"hter of Hon. George Fenwick in 1648. He 
represented Hartford in the General Court from 1644 
to 47, when he was chosen assistant and secretary of 
state, which offices he filled for ten years. He was one 
of the commissioners to the united colonies from 1652 
to 54. He removed to and died in Boston in 1663, and 



GENEALOGY. 5 

Gen. John Leverett possessed his estate in Hartford. 
His children were, — 

10.1:9 .John, graduated at Harvard College in 1G6S. 
52 Elizil)eth m. Bcnj. Batten, Boston. 

DISBllO, Nicholas, an original settli'r, lived near 
the north end ot" Burr Street. He was born IG12 ; 
m. Mary Bronson in 1640, and Elizaheih, widow of 
Tliw;iite Strickland after 1009. He died in 1GS:'3 and 
left t()ur daughters, 

Daughter ui. Oljadiah Spencer, 

Daughicr ni. Samuel E2:gleston, 

1G46 Ph. -be? m- J!)hn Kelsey, 

1G49 Abigail? m. Robert Flood. 

Mr. Spencer had a son Disbro, to perpetuate the 
name. 

ELY, Nathaniel, an original proprietor and set- 
tler, was in C unljridge in 1G3-5. His liouse lot, where 
the nf)rrh church stands, he sold to J )ha Talcott, 
Esq. and became one otthe leatlers in the settlement 
of Noiwalk. He alterwaids lenioved to S,)rin(i;ielc'. 

GOODWIN, Wm, Elder, was admitted a freeman 
in Cambridge in 1G32, and was a mem!)er of the first 
General Court of Massachusetts. He was at first 
one of the most prominent men in the colony of Con- 
necticut. He was very active in the original |)ur- 
chase of Hirtfird of the Indians; and likewise in 
the purchase of Farmlngton, and of the region inclu- 
ding Hadlev and the acHaccnt towns. He was rulinof 
Elder in llev. ]Mr. Hooker's church ; but left it at the 
tim^ of the dissentions in that church, and remov <d 
to Hatlley where he was also a ruling Elder. He 
subsequently removed to Farmington, whtTe he lived 
in conj|)aralive obscurity and died in 1J73, and hi 
wife, .Susanna, in 167G. He was a man of great 
wealth, which he gave to his daughter and only cliik', 

Elizabkth, m irried J(jhn Crow, who lived in 
East Hartti)rd. Mr. Crow was in 1659, next to Mr. 
Welles, the wealthiest man in the town. 

Mr. Goodwin's house lot in Hartford was on the 
east side of Main street, north of Little river. 
3* 



s 



6 

c 



HARTFORD. 



IHAYNE?, John, 1653, 

2 Robert, 

3 Hezekiah, 

4 John, 

5 Roger, 

G 1643 Mary, 1702, 

7 1641 Joseph, 1G79, 

8 Ruih, 

9 1645 Mabel. 
7 Joseph, Rev. 

10 1669 John, 1713, 

11 Mabel died, 

12 Sanih 1697, 

13 Mary died. 
10 John, Esq. 

14 1694 Joseph 1717, 

15 97 .Sarah 1724, 

16 1704 Mary, 

17 5 John died, 
nate year until his death. 



1 Job n , E sq. \va s a gen- 
tleman from Essex, Eng- 
land, where he had an 
elegant seat called Cop- 
ford Hall, worth a thou- 
sand pounds a year. He 
came into New Enn:land 
with Mr. Hooker in 1632; 
and was chosen (governor 
oi Mass. in 1635. He 
appears in Connecticut in 
the fall of 1637, when he 
was chosen a niember of 
the General Court, and 
also in 163S. On the or- 
ganization of the govern- 
ment in 1639, he was 
chosen governor, which 
office he held every alter- 
He was inferior in talents 



and accjuirements to no settler of New England, and 
moreover a man of eminent piety. His first house 
lot was in fiont of the State house, but he purchased 
and buik on the corner of Front and Arch streets. 
He had five chihh-en by his first wife and three by his 
second, Mabel, who in 1654 married Samuel Eaton of 
New Haven. 

2 Robert remained in England, and espoused the 
cause ot the king, for which he was imprisoned, and 
died without childi'en. 

3 Hezekiah ren;ained in England, and espoused 
the cause ot Cromwell, and by him was raised to the 
office of Major genei'al. On the death of his father, 
he inherited the family scat, which descended to his 
lieirs. 

4 John, Rev. graduated at Harvard in 1656, re- 
turned to England, and was settled in the ministry in 
Hemingston, Suffolk. 

5 Roger returned to England, and died about the 
lime of his arrival. 

Mary m. Joseph Cook of England, according to 



y,_ ii 



GEXEALOGY. 7 

Trumbull, bul M;iry m. Richard Lord, Esq. and at 
his death, Dr. Thomas Hooker from Farmington, and 
died 1702 aged 53. 

7 Joseph, Rev. grad. at Harvard in 1G5S, and 
succeeded Mr. Stone as pastor of the church in Hart- 
ford, which office he held until his death. He m. 
Sarah, daughter of Richard Lord, who d. in 1705. 

8 Ruth m. Sanmel Wyllys, Esq. 

6 Mabel m. James Russell of Charlestown. 

10 John, Esq. graduated nt Harvard in 16S9. He 
was chosen assistant in 1708, which office he held 
until his death. He was also judge of the court. 
He left a large estate at his death. He m. Mary 
Glover of Springfield in 169-3, who died in 1727. 

12 Sarah m. Rev. James Pierpont of New Haven 
in 1694, but died in 1697 leaving a daughter Abigail. 

11- Joseph graduated at Yale in 1714, but died 
without issue. 

16 Mary, sole survivor and heir of the Haynes 
family, m. (1) Elisha Lord in 1723, who died in 1725, 
leaving one son, John Haynes. She m (2) Roswell 
Saltonstall, Esq. who for a while lived on the Lord 
corner, in Hartford, but sabsequently removed to 
Branford, where he died, leaving three children, 
Mary, Catharine, and Rosv/ell. Mary m. Col. Nathan 
Whiting of New Haven, whose son Nathan Haynes 
m. Ruth only child of Rev. Nat. Hooker, and lived 
on the Haynes farm in West Hartford. Catharine 
m. Jona. Welles, E-q. of Glastonbury. Roswell 
lived in Branford. Alter the death of Mr. Saltonstall, 
Mrs. Mary m. (3) Rev. Pres. Clap of Yale College, who 
died in 1767. She died in 1769, leaving a great 
estate to her children. John Haynes Lord had, be- 
sides other properly, the " Haynes pasture," of 20 
acres, on the east side of Front street. Mr. Whiting 
and Mr. Saltonstall had the Haynes farm In West 
Hartford, (Sec. Mr. Welles had the Haynes farm in 
Farmins'ton, &c. 

INCE, Jonathan, an original proprietor, and a 
man of distinction, was drowned at sea, before his 
removal to Hartford ; and his right was granted by the 
town to John Cullick, Esq. 



8 



HARTFORD. 



1 LORD, Thomas, 

2 Thos. in 1G67, 

3 1611 Richard 1GG4, 

4 William, 

5 Dorothy, 

6 Robert, Capt. 

7 John, 

8 Amv, 

9 ■ (Dcmghter.) 

2 Thomas, Wethertfield, 

10 Mary, 

11 Hannnh, 

12 lB-53 Dorothy. 

3 Richard, 

13 163G Richard 1G85, 

14 38 Sarah 1705, 

15 Dorothy. 

4 William, Say brook, 

16 William, 1G96, 

17 Benjamin, 

15 Jymes. 

13 Richard, Merchant, 

19 1GG9 Richard 1712. 

16 William, Haddam, 

20 1678 Mary, 

21 SO William 1736, 

22 82 Sarah, 

23 85 Jonathan, 

24 87 Nathaniel 1740, 

25 89 Hannah, 

26 93 John in 1746, 

27 96 Dorothy. 

17 Benjamin, Saybrook, 
2S Benj. 1784. 

29 Hezekiah 1763. 

30 RtCHARD. 

31 Andrew. 

19 Richard, Esq. 

32 1694 Abigail 1694, 

33 95 Richard 1699, 

34 98 Abigail 1698, 



1 Thomas, an original 
propriet<^r and settler, liv- 
ed on Mill street, as did 
his sons Thomas and 
Richard. He died early, 
leaving a widow Dorothy, 
a woman oi" some note, 
who died in 1675. 

2 Thomas, Jun. was an 
original settler and a phy- 
sician. He removed to 
Welhcrsfield. His widow 
Mary m. Olmsted. 

3 Richard, an original 
proprietor and settler, was 
one of the most eneroetic 
and ellicient men in the 
colony. When the troop 
was formed in 1657, he 
was chosen as its com- 
mander, and signalized' 
himseit'in the Indian wars. 
He died in New London, 
whei'e a monument to his 
memory remains. He 
])urchased the corner of 
Main and Pearl streets, 
where his descendants 
lived till within a few 
years. His withnv Sarah 
d. in 1676. He repre- 
sented li irtford in the 
General Court from 1656 
to his death. 

4 William removed to 
Saybrook, and he or his 
sons into Lyme, where 
his descendants have been 
numerous. 

5 Dorothy m. an Tnger- 
soil who had three daugh- 



/■ ■:>. 



GENEALOGY. 



35 1699 Jerusha, 

36 1701 Elisha 1725, 

37 3 Mary, 

38 5 Richard 1710, 

39 7 Elizabeth, 

40 9 Epaphras, 

41 1:2 Ichabod. 

21 William, E. Haddam, 

42 Wilham, 

43 Mary, 

44 Hannah, 

45 Sarah, 

46 Hepsibah, 

47 Mehetabel, 
4S Susatinn. 

23 Jonathan, Colcliester. 

24 Nathan, E. Haddam. 
26 John, Hebron, 

49 Dehght, 

50 1736 Jane, 

51 39 John. 
36 Elisha, 

52 1725 J. Hay nes 1796." 
38 Richard, Welhersfield 

53 1725 Ehzabeth, died, 

54 27 Elisha 1727, 

55 28EHshal729, 

56 29 \hnh, died, 

57 31 Richard, died, 

58 34 Mary, 

59 36 S'l. Wvllvs, d, 
69 37 George 1765. 
40 Epaphras, Colchester, 

61 1731 Epaph. 1738, 

62 1744 Saml. Phillips, 

63 Hope, in. Jones, 
52 John Haynes, 

64 Elisha, 

65 1747 Marv 1743, 

66 J.H:iynesl834, 

67 Richard 1766, 



ters, Dorothy m. a Phelps, 
Hannah m. Stephen Kell- 
sey, and IMargaret. 

7 Juhn in. Adrean 
Baye, and removed to 
Appomatox, Va. before 
1648. (See p. U.) 

S Amy m. John Gil- 
bert in 161:7. 

9 m. Thomas Stanton. 

13 Richard m. Mary 
Haynes, was lost at sea 
in 16S5, and lett an im- 
mense estate to his child 
and widow who m. Dr. 
ThoTias Hooker in 16S6. ^ 
The invenlory of his es- 
tate amounted to six thou- 
sand pounds, and with 
the exception of that of 
James Richards, Esq. it 
was the greatest of any 
man who had died in 
Hartford. He was an 
eminent man, and many 
years represented Hart- 
ford in the General Court. 

14 Sarah m. Rev. Jos. 
Haynes. 

16 William m. Sarah 
Shayler, who at his death 
m. Samuel [ngram. 

17 and 18 resided in 
Saybrook. William may 
have had other children. 

19 Richard m. Abigail 
d. of Wm. Warren. Her 
mother Eliz. was after- 
wards Mrs. Eliz. Wilson. 
Mrs. Lord m. Rev. Tim. 
Woodbridge, and died 



10 HARTFOftDi 

68 Frpflerick, very aged in 1153. Mr. 

69 Willi;iin, Jjord left a gre;irer estate 
^0 Mary, than his filher, ineluding 

71 Hellen, eight negroes [they were 

72 Eiiziheth, never cnlled slaves.] 

73 Abigail. 21 William left a wid- 
60 George, Mcrelrint, ow Hannnh. 

74 1761 Daniel 176J, 24 Nathaniel left a 

75 Dan. Edwards widow Hannah. 

[1763, 26 John rennoved from 

76 George 1777, Glastenbury to Hebron. 
64 John Havnks, 28 Benj imin, Kev. Dr. 

77 John, graduated at Yale in 1714, 

78 Emilv. and was pastor of the 
chureh in Norwieh from 1717 to his death in 17S4. 

29 Hez(;kiah, Rev. graduated at Yale in 1717, and 
was pastor of the ehurch in Griswold from 1720 to 
61. He died in 1763. 

30 lliehard represented Lyme in the Legislature 
from 1719 to 1748, and 

31 Andrew represented Lyme from 1733 to 43. 
85 Jerusha m. John Whiting. 

36 Elisha graduated at Yale in 1718, and m. Mary 
d. of John H lynes, Esq, and the only survivor of the 
Haynes family in this eountry. He gave the chureh 
a silver cup. His widow m. Roswell Saltonsiall of 
Branford ; and Rev. Pres. Clap. 

37 Mary m. Joseph Pitkin, Esq. 

38 Richard graduated at Yale in 1724, and m. Ruth 
Wyll3^s in 1725. At his death, she married a field- 
ing. 

39 Elizabeth, advanced in life, m. John Curtiss, 
New Haven. 

40 Epaphras, Esq, graduated at Yale in 1729, and 
married Hope d, of Capt. George Phillips of Middle- 
town. Ht; represented Colchester in the Legislature 
from 1743 to 5. 

41 Ichabod, graduated at Yale in 1729, and settled 
in Colchester. 

44 Hannah m. J )seph Crouch. 
46 Hepzibah ni. John Shepperson. 



GENEALOGY. 



It 



52 John ir. gnidiinted at Y;ilf> In 1745, nnd m. Ra- 
chel Kiiowles. lie lived on the Lord corner, and had 
a large estate bordering on Front street and tiie Little 
river, and in olher j)arlso["the lown. 

53 Mary ni. Ch;irles Caldwell, who on the death 
of George Lord, Jan. inherited all the estate boih of 
her father, and of Hon. Daniel Edwards. 

60 George, a merchant in. Sarah only child of Hon. 
Daniel Edwards. They both died and left their 
pro])erty to their only child, who was to have a colle- 
giate education. 

66 li'icljaid was blown up in a school house. 

71 Hellen m. Asa Allen. 

72 Elizabeth m. Joshua Hathawa}^, Rome, N. Y. 

73 Abioail m. David Porter. 

76 George Lord inherited immense wealth, and 
was by his friends, in consequence of his froward- 
ncss, [)laced under the care of Rev. Mr. Whitman; 
but his vices soon terminated his life, and his whole 
estate reverted to his aunt, Mary Caldwell, which was 
soon wasted by prodigality. 

" A coov of a letter from Mr. John Lord, to his 
cousin, Mr. Rich. Lord. 

Ajxuniitixe, the ^QtliofFeh. 1663. 

^^ Lovi/ig Cousin, — Yours by Mr. Parker came to 
hand, wherein I nnderst md that you are not sattisfyed 
with the pi'oposilions that J made to you. If you were 
acquaint with Virginia as well as 1, you would not 
thinke that getting in of debts in such remote partes 
of the countrey is soe easy a matter : but to avoyde 
all future trouble betwixt soe neer relations as we are, 
I shall be content to paye you (9000 lb) of tobaccoe 
the next yeare, if tobaccoe be made, or as sone as pos- 
sible may be. I should have complyed with my for- 
mer engagement the last yeare, but that tobaccoe was 
not made. Of all the time that I have knowne Vir- 
ginia, 1 never sawe the like. Cousin, I hope to see 
you here next yeare, and then doubt not but a fayre 
complyance: but however it shall not be my faulte, if 
we doe not agree ; because I would not trouble the 
spirits of so neer relations as our mothers. And, 



12 HARTFORD. 

cousin, if you are not too much discouraged in Vir- 
ginia trade, pray bring or send me ten or twelve 
bushels of your best winter wheat for seed, (for lam 
going to be a good husband, and get good bread and 
beare,) and fower or five bushels of the best bnreley, 
and I shall endeavoure to make you good and honest 
sattisfaction. 

" I shall not enlarge, being in great haste. But my 
duly to my mother and love to all my freinds in gen- 
erall. I have sent your mother a small percell of 
sweet-sented tobaccoe ; I would have sent more, but 
it was inconvenient for Mr. J*arker to convay it to his 
vessell, and a small tokt.n to your sisters, but that I 
was disapojmted, not els. 

But your loveing unckell to command to my power. 
Superscribed Ji hn Lord." 

" These to his loveing cousin, Mr. Richard Lord, at 
his house at Hartford, in New England, l*resent." 

[The word " cousin" in ancient records, means 
what we now designate by "nephew" or " neice."] 

MARVIN : There appears to have been a family 
of brothers and sisters of this name, among the first 
settlers of Hartford : — 

1 Mathew, an original proprietor and settler, lived 
on the corner of Village and Front streets. His 
dauo^hter, Lvdia in 1648, and Rachel in 1649, were 
born in Hartford. He was among the pioneers in the 
settlement of Norwalk, which he represented in the 
General Court in 1654. Mathew, probably his son, 
represented that town in 1694 and 97; Samuel in 
1718; and John in 17-34 and 38. 

2 Renold, an original settler, removed to Say- 
brook before 1639, where he died in 1662, leaving two 
children, Reinold and Mary. Reinold represented 
Lyme in the General Court from 1670 to 1676 ; and 
he or his son, Capt. Reinold, sometimes spelled 
Reignold, represented Lyme from 1701 to 172S. 
Samuel represented Lyme in 1711 and 1722. 

3 Hannah m. Francis Barnard in 1644. 

4 Mary m. Richard Bushnell of Saybrook in 1648. 

5 Sarah m. Wm. Goodridge of Wethersfield in 
1648. 






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HISTORICAL NOTICES 



OF 




CONNECTICUT 

Published under the patronage ofttie 

CONNECTICUT HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



K0. 2; 

CONTAINING 




Al WEST HARTFORD. 



"■®— •^— ®- 



DivisjoNS OF THE TowN — Names of Locations — Commons - 

Town Roads ; 
Burying Grouvd — Graves — Sexton — Town Crier ; 
Settlers in Hartford from 1640 to 1700 ; 
Proprietors Votes ; 

WEST DIVISION. 

Proprietor's Lots — Higipways ; 

First Settlers &. Locations; 

Genealogies. 



BY 

WILLIAM S. PORTER, 

Member Connecticut Historical Society 



HARTFORD, JUNE, 1842. 



ELIHU GEER S PRESS. 



li Sheets Periodical. 




— ^ 



V 



>' GENEALOGY. 13 

BARDING, Nathaniel, an original proprietor 
and settler of Hartford, had his house lot on Lord's 
hill. His second wife was Abigail the widow of Wm. 
Andrews. He died in 1674, leaving no sons, but a 
daughter 

Sarah, who m. Thomas Spencer, who had a grand- 
son Nat. Barding Spencer to perpetuate the name. 

BARTLETT, Robert, an original proprietor and 
settler of Hartford, lived on the west side of a street 
running south from the rear of the College ground, 
now closed. He early removed to Northampton v/ 
in 1655. He had a daughter, *^^*-*-^,« '^■. 

Deborah born in 1645. " ' ' i.^"'- -~^ ■ • 

BIRCHWOOD, (Birchard,) Thomas, an original 
proprietor and settler of Hartford, lived on the west 
side of Trumbull street. He removed to Saybrook, 
which town he represented in the General Court in 
1650 and 51. Thomas Bircher, probably the same 
man, was admitted a freeman in Mass. in 1637. 
His daughter ? 

Sarah, m. Bartholomew Barnard in 1647, who in- 
herited part of his real estate in Hartford. 

BLISS, Thomas, Sen. and Jun., original settlers 
of Hartford, had adjoining house lots on the east side 
of the street west of West street, now closed ; which 
they sold in 1650, and removed to Springfield. 

BLLTMFIELD, William, an original proprietor 
and settler of Hartford, lived on Bliss street north of 
the College lot. He was admitted a freeman in 
Mass. in 1635. • He sold out as early as 1644, and 
removed, perhaps to New Jersey. 

ELY, Nat., [continued,] represented Norwalk in 
the General Court in 1656. 

HIGGINSON, John, [corrected,] was among the 
first settlers of Hartford, though he appears not to 
have had a house lot. He was, I suppose, a school- 

NoTE. — The names of heads of families are printed in small capitals, 
and those of their children immediately follow. The numbers at the 
left hand refer to the succeeding heads of families, and to the corres- 
ponding notices. The dates preceding and following the names denote 
the times of birth and death, m. stands for married, d., died, and b., 
born. 

3 



14 HARTFORD. 

master in Hartford, and may have occasionally 
" stepped into the pulpit." By his early removal, he 
fjtt-jt«- lost most of his interest in the town. His wife sold 
some property in 1638. He was the son of Rev. 
Francis Higginson of Salem, b. 1616, and came with 
his father to this countr}^ in 1629. He was a preach- 
er in 1637, and officiated some tim.e as chaplain at 
Saybrook fort. He removed in 1611 to Guilford ; 
and to Salem, Mass. in 1659, where he was ordained 
in 1660. He died in 1708 a2;ed 92, havino: been a 
minister of the gospel 72 years, leaving a son John. ■ ' <^ 
-^ 1 HOOKER, Thomas, 1 Thomas, Rev., was 

2 John, born at Marfield, Lei- 

3 Samuel, 1697, cestershire, in England, 

4 Sarah, about 1586, and was edu- 

5 Joanna, 1646, cated at Cambridge, Eng- 

6 Mary. land. He left a widow 
3 Samuel, Rev. Susanna. 

7 1659 Thomas, 2 John, Rev. returned j 

8 61 Samuel, 1730, to England to be married, ^ 

9 63 IVilliam, 1GS9, wdiere he remained against 

10 65 Joh7i, 1746, his father's will, and set- 

11 66 James, tied in Masevvorth, Bucks. 

12 68 Roger, ]698, 3 Samuel, Rev. gradu- 

13 71 Nathaniel, 1711, ated at Harvard in 1653, 

14 73 Mary, and was pastor of the 

15 75 Hczekiah, 1686, church in Farmington, 

16 78 Daniel, 1742, from 1655 to his death. 

17 81 Sarah. From him most or all the 
Hookers of New England, are descended. He m. 
Mary Willett of Swansea. His second wife Susanna 
m. Rev. Stephen Buckingham, of Norwalk. 

4 Sarah m. Rev. John Wilson, of Medford. 

5 Joanna m. Rev. Thomas Shepard of Cam- 
bridge, as his second wife. 

6 Mary m. Rev. Roger Newton, of Farmington 
and Milford. 

7 Thomas, Dr. m. Mary, widow of Richard Lord, 
in 1686, and resided in Hartford, where he died with- 
out children, and gave his estate to his nephew, 
Thomas. 



GENEALOGY. 15 

8 Samuel m. INIehetabel Hamlin of Middletown 
ill 1687, who d. in Hartford in 1749. 

9 William, merchant, lived on the Zenas Cowles 
corner in Farmington. His widow Susanna m. John 
Blackleach, a noted merchant. 

10 John, Esq. was one of the most substantial men 
in the colony. He represented Farmington in the 
General Court from 1699 to 1723, during which time 
he was clerk three sessions, and speaker six sessions. 
In 1723 he was chosen assistant, which office he held 
eleven years, during eight of which he was .judge of 
the Superior Court. He m. Abigail Standley in 
16S7, who d. in 1743. 

11 James, Esq. represented Guilford in the Gen- 
eral Court from 1702 to 1723. 

12 Roger died in Hartford without issue. 

13 Nathaniel, merchant, lived and traded south of 
the centre church in Hartford, on the north half of the 
Standley lot, which he inherited by his wife Mary 
Standley, whom he m. in 1698. On his death she 
m. John Austin also a merchant. He represented 
Hartford in the General Court from 1709 to his 
death. 

14 Mary m. Rev. James Pierpont, New Haven, in 
1698. 

16 Daniel, graduated at Harvard, and was the 
first tutor in Yale College. He was a i^hysician, 
though invited to preach as a candidate in Farming- 
ton. He lived in Wethersfield, where he probably 
died, though his descendants hved in West Hartford. 
He m. Sarah Standley of Hartford, in 1706. 

17 Sarah m. Stephen Buckingham, of Norwalk. 

1 PANTRY, William, 1 William was in Cam- 

2 Jolm, 1653. bridge in 1634, and ad- 

2 John, _ mitted a freeman in 1635. 

3 Mary, unmar. He was one of the weal- 

4 Hannah, 1675, thiest of the original pro- 

5 1650 Jo/m, 1736, a. 86 prietors and settlers of 

5 John, Hartford. He lived on 

6 John, 1713, the west side of Front 

7 1678 Abigail, street, between State st, 



16 HARTFOKD. 

8 Hannah, and the Little river. He 

9 1692 RebcJcah, 1775. died early, leaving his 
6 John, Hadley, property to his son. 

10 1712 Abigail, 1765. 2 John left a widow 
Hannah, who m. Thomas Welles, Esq. in 1654. She 
died in 1683, and left considerable estate. 

5 John was for many years superannuated, and 
at his death left to his children and grand-children 
an immense estate, including a pasture of 25 acres, 
on the east side of Front street. 

6 John removed to Hadley, where he died. His 
widow Mary removed to Farmington, with her only 

child Abigail. 

7 Abigail married Richard Goodman, who inher- 
ited the west part of the Pantry farm in West Hart- 
ford, on which the meeting house now stands and 
westward, where his son Timothy lived. From her 
are descended most of the Goodmans in this vicinity. 

8 Hannah married Hezekiah Goodwin, who named 
his son, John Pantry, to perpetuate the name. She 
inherited a great estate in East Hartford, and in 
Pantry's pasture. 

9 Rebekah married Nathaniel Jones, ni 1713, who 
had sons Pantry and John Pantry. She also inherited 
property in East Hartford, and in the pasture east of 

Front street. 

10 Abigail married John, the son of Rev. Samuel 
Whitman, in Farmington, in 1736. They removed 
to the eastern part of the Pantry farm in West Hart- 
ford, now in the possession of her descendant Samuel 
Whitman, through which the turnpike road to Farm- 
ington runs. 

PARKER, William, an original proprietor and 
settler, removed to Saybrook, which both he and his 
son deacon WilHam, represented in the General Court. 
His house lot on the west side of Trumbull street, he 
sold to William Adams. 

POST, Stephen, an original proprietor and settler, 
sold out his house lot on the south side of Bucking- 
ham street, to Thomas Gridley, about 1649, and re- 
moved to Saybrook. 



GENEALOGY. 



17 



1 PRATT. John, 

2 John, 1690 ? 

3 Daniel, 1690. 

2 John, 

4 UiS? Hannah, 

5 61 John, 1746, 

6 64 Elizabeth, 

7 6S Sarah, 1753, 
S 71 Joseph, 

9 77 i?«//i, 

10 80 Siisan?iah, 

11 83 Jonathan, 1755. 

3 Daniel, 

12 Da7«'c/, 1704, 

13 Hannah, 

14 Elizabeth, 

15 , Sarah, 

16 1671 i?«6AeZ, 

17 Mary, before 

[1702, 

18 {daughter,) 1702 

19 £srAer. 1702. 
5 John, 

20 1687 John, in 1746, 

21 William, 1753, 

22 Hannah, 

23 Esther. 

11 Jonathan, Tanner, 

24 Daniel, Glasten- 

[bury, 

25 Moses, 

26 Jonatlian, 

27 E/ia&, 1709, 

28 Aaron, 

29 Elizabeth, 

30 Jerusha, 

31 Mary, 

32 Hcpzibah. 

12 Daniel, 

33 1693 Elizabeth, 

34 95 Hannah, 1696, 

2* 



1 John was an original 
proprietor and settler of 
some note. He owned 
two adjoining house lots 
on the west side of Main 
street, one of which he 
purchased of Gov.Haynes, 
which extended north from 
Asyhun street to the 4th 
church, some of which is 
now in possession of his 
descendants. From hira, 
Pratt street derives its 
name. He represented 
Hartford in the first Gen- 
eral Court in 1639, and 
several 5rears afterwards. 
He died about 1686 at an 
advanced age. 

2 John left a widow 
Hepsibah, who married 
John Sadd. She died 
1712. 

3 Daniel. The follow- 
ing is an extract from the 
close of his v/ill. ' ' I have 
great reason and I do 
heartily desire to bless 
God for the good agree- 
ment and love that I h-ave 
lived to see amongst my 
children, as well as their 
tenderness towards my- 
self, which God will re- 
ward ; so now I desire to 
commit them to that God 
that hath cared for me all 
my days, commanding 
them to love, fear and 
serve him, who will be 
their God, as he hath been 



18 



HARTFORD. 



35 97 Daniel, died their father's God." 

[young, 4 Hannah m. Garvad 

Elisha, Somers, Spencer in 1680. 

Hannah 



36 

37 Rebecca, 176S. 
20 John, Jr. 

38 17U Susanna,'\nllS9 

39 17 Ozias, 1788, 

40 18 Ruth, 

41 John, 1754, 

42 Hannah, 

43 Sarah, 

44 Elizabeth, 

45 1734 Isaac, Goshen. 



Joseph m. a daughter 



5 John m. iiannaa 
Sand ford. 

7 Sarah in 1690 m 
Timothy Phelps, Wind- 
sor, who removed to Hart 
ford. 

8 
of John Marsh 

9 Ruth m. Wilterton 
Merrill in 1702. 

10 Susanna m. Daniel 
Merrill in 1698. 

11 Jonathan was a tan- 
ner. He lived in Glas- 
tenbury, but died in Hart- 
ford. His second wife 
Mary he left a widow in 
Glastenbury. His sons 



21 William, 

46 Zcchariah, 

47 ? Esther, 1767, 

48 1736 William, 

49 42 Joseph, 

50 Martha, 

51 39 Susanna, 

52 Mabel. 
lived in East Hartford. 

12 Daniel m. Elizabeth Lea in 1692, who after his 
death m. John Sheldon in 1708. 

13 Hannah m. Daniel ? Clark. 

14 Elizabeth m. Nat. Goodwin. 

16 Rachel m. John Skinner in 1694. 

17 Mary m. a Sandford. 

20 John, Jr. m. Hannah Norton of Farmiugton in 
1713. He died before his father 

21 William lived in front of State House square 
near Asylum street, and died before his lather. He 
married Amy Pinney, who survived him, and had 
the charge of his property. She died in 1772. 

22 Hannah m. Isaac Porter, of Windsor, in 1727. 

23 Esther m. Jos. Talcott, son of the governor, in 
1727. 

29 Ehz. m. Wm. Moulbe, (Maltby.) 

30 Jerusha m. Roberts. 

83 Ehz. m. Deac. Isaac Sheldon in 1717. 

36 Elisha m. Sarah Burnham in 1726. 

37 Rebecca m. Marsh. 



GENEALOGY. 19 

38 Susanna m. Marsh. 

40 Ruth m. Pahner. 

41 John, Capt. was a merchant, and probably died 
unmarried. 

42 Hannah m. John Watson. 

43 Sarah m. Wm, Cole of Southington or Wolcott. 

44 Ehz. m. Dickinson. 

50 Martha m. Samuel Drake. 

51 Susanna m. Thomas Sloan. 

52 Mabel m. Mathew Webster. 

PRATT, William, an original proprietor and set- 
tler, supposed to be brother of John, lived on the east 
side of Burr street, and sold about 1645 to Mathew 
Beckwith, and removed to Saybrook, which he repre- 
sented in the General Court from 1666 to 76. He 
married Elizabeth, d. of John Clark of Milford. His 
son John of Saybrook, was born in Hartford in 1645. 
Nathaniel and William Pratt subsequently represented 
Saybrook in the General Court. 

SCOTT, Thomas, was one of the original proprie- 
tors and settlers of Hartford. His house lot v/as No. 
13, on Front street, south side of State street, and ex- 
tended west to State square. He died in 1643, leav- 
ing widow Ann, who in 1614 married Thomas Ford. 
He left children. 

Thomas died soon after his father without issue. 

Mary m. Robert Porter in 1644. 

Sarah m. John Standley in 1645. 

Elizabeth m. John Loomis in 1648. 

Robert Porter, John Standley, and John Loomis, 
were among the first settlers of Farmington, and lived 
on adjoining house lots, which must have been a 
source of great comfort to them in that then new set- 
tlement. The descendants of Robert Porter are 
numerous, among whom are Rev. Dr. Porter of 
Farmington, the late David Porter of Hartford, &c. 
John Standley represented Farmington many years 
in the General Court : his descendants are numerous, 
among whom are the Stanleys of Berlin. John 
Loomis removed to Windsor, and several years rep- 
resented that town in the General Court. 



20 HARTFORD. 

1 STANDLEY, Thomas, 1 Thomas was an ori- 

2 Nathoniel, 1712 ginal owner and settler, 

3 (daughter,) removed to and died in 
2 Nathaniel, Esq. Hadley, in 1659. His 

4 1664 Nathamcl, 1665 houselot extended from the 

5 69 Sarah, 16S9, centre church to the Little 

6 71 Joseph, 1676, river. His only son was 

7 74 Hannah, 16S1, 2 Nathaniel m. in 1659 

8 77 Mary, Sarah, the daughter of 

9 81 Siisanna, 16S3, James Boosey, one of the 

10 83 Nathaniel, 1755 first men in Wethersfield. 
10Nathaniel,Co1. &Esq. He was a man of wealth 

11 1707 Nathaniel, and influence, and repre- 

12 9 Sarah, sented Hartford in the 

13 llJoseph, 1712, General Court from 1678 

14 13 Augustus, 1770, to 1689, when he was 

15 15 Anna, 1722, chosen assistant, which 

16 17 Susanna, office he held to his death 

17 19 Abigail, in 1712. 

18 21 Mary, 1722, 3 Married in Hadley. 

19 23 Joseph, 1723, 8 Mary m. in 1698 

20 William, 1786, Nat. the son of Rev. Sam. 
14 Augustus, W.Hartford Hooker of Farmington, to 

21 Allyn, 1774, whom her father gave tlie 

22 John, 1789, north half of his home lot, 

23 Roswell, where he lived and traded 

24 James, as a merchant. He rep- 

25 Judah, resented Hartford in the 

26 1748 Luaj, died. General Court from 1709 

27 1752 FredericJc, to his death in 1711. In 

28 58 Whiting, 1713, she married John 

29 62 Lewis, 1777. Austin, a merchant of note. 
Her children by her first husband were, Mary who 
died single ; Alice who m. Samuel Howard ; Sarah 
who m. Hon. Daniel Edwards ; Abigail who m. Rev. 
Dr. Benj. Lord of Norwich ; and Rev. Nathaniel, the 
minister of West Hartford : and by her second hus- 
band, John who d. young ; and Mary, who m. John 
Ellery. 

10 Nathaniel was a man of wealth, energy and dis- 
tinction. He m. in 1706 Anna, the daughter of Jos. 



GENEALOGY. 21 

Whiting, Esq. and grand-daughter of Col. John Allyn. 
He was annually chosen an assistant from 1725 to 
1748. His estate was invoiced at .£3000. 

11 Nat. grad. at Yale in 1726. He married and 
removed to Windsor, where his father established 
him in business ; but he became a worthless spend- 
thrift, and had a conservator placed over him to take ^^ 
care of his property, in 1757, between which time 

and 1773 he died, probably without children. His 
wddow Mary died insolvent, in 1797. 

12 Sarah m. Andrew Burr, Esq. of Fairfield, who 
W'as an assistant from 1746 to 63. 

14 Augustus lived on the Standley lot, at the south 
end of West Hartford, w^here he died, leaving a small 
estate. It Avas the custom, in ancient times, to give 
each son a trade. Hence, to show the value he set 
upon a trade, he says in his will : — " Whereas, my ^ 
sons Allyn and John have neither of them learned 
any trade, I therefore give to each of them the sum 
of twenty-five pound lawful money, or the value 
thereof, more than any of the rest of my sons." 

16 Susanna m. Aaron Day of New Haven. 

17 Abigail m. Rev. Elnathan Whitman. 

20 William died without cbildi-en. In his will he 
presented the south church a silver tankard. He 
gave his niece, Eliz. Whitman, a twelve acre lot on 
the west side of Hoo- river. He oave his sister Abi- 
gail, wife of Rev. Elnathan Whitman, all his personal 
estate, and the use of his real estate during her life. 
At her decease, he gave the use of all his large estate, 
except the above twelve acres, forever, unto the 
South Society in Hartford. It is now most or all of 
it leased for 999 years. 

STEBBINS, Edward, Deac. was one of the most 
prominent and influential proprietors and settlers of 
Hartford. His house lot was on F|pnt street, north 
side of State street, and extended west to what was 
then the public square, now Dorr street. He was 
admitted a freeman in Cambridge in 1634, and re- 
moved to Hartford as early as 1636. He represented 
Hartford in the General Court at various times, froni 



02 HARTFORD. 

the organization of the government in 1639 to 10-50. 
His sister Edatha married Robert Day, and on the 
death of Mr, Day in 1648, he had the care of the 
three children and the property. On the decease of 
Gov. Hopkins, Mr. Stebbins was one of the trustees 
to dispose of his estate. He was a man in whom the 
j^eople ever placed great confidence. He died in 
166r3, and his widow Frances died in 1673. They 
had no sons. Their daughters were : 

Manj,m. Edward? Gaylord, whose children were 
Joseph, Benjamin, Joanna and Mary. 

m. John Chester, near London, England, 

whose chiklrenxwere John and Samson. 

Elizabeth m':'Thomas Cadwell. 

Lijdla m. Deac. John Willson. 

Mr. Cadwell had a son Edward' and Deac. Will- 
son a son Stebbins, to perpetuate the name. 

WAKEMAN, Samuel, an original proprietor and 
settler of Hartford, was a freeman in Cambridge in 
1632, and a representative in Mass. in 1635. He was 
drowned in 1645, and his widow m. Nat. Willett. 
His children, — 

Ezbo/i removed to Fairfield, 

Grace m. John Kelly, 

Elizabeth m. Joseph Arnold, 

Hannah m. Hackelton. 

The Court settled the estate on Nat. Willett, on 
condition that he should pay the son forty pounds 
when he arrived at 20 years of age ; and each of the 
daughters 20 pounds, when 18 years of age. 

WESTWOOD, William, was born in 1607. He 
was one of the wealthiest and most prominent of the 
first settlers and proprietors of Harttbrd. His house 
lot was on the west side of Front street where Morgan 
street crosses it. He was a member of the upper 
house in the fiA General Court in 1636 : and repre- 
sented Hartfora in the Court from 1642 to 1656, 
when he removed to Hadley, where he died. His 
only child 

Sarah, m. Aaron Cook of Hadley, whose son 
Aaron inherited Mr. Westwood's property in Hart- 
ford. 



GENEALOGY. 



23 



WHITEHEAD, Samuel, original owner of the 
Lord corner, removed to New Haven, where he died 
in 1G90. 

WYLLYS. Few names among the settlers of 
New England are more conspicuous in the heraldry of 
England than that of Wyllys, or Willis, as it is there 
spelled. They trace their ancestry back to the times 
of Henry Vlll., when Richard flourished at Napton. 
The family mansion was at Fenny Compton in War- 
wickshire. Before removing to New England, Mr. 
Wyll3'S sent over Wm. Gibbons, his steward, to ex- 
plore and niake purcliases if he found any desirable 
residence. He purchased for his employer several 
house lots, which constituted the Wyllys place, where 
the charter oak now stands. 



1 George, 1645, 

2 Gc 



eorge, 
u Ileste?', 

4 Amy, 

5 1632 Samuel, 

6 Samuel, Esq., 
6 



1 George Wyllys, Esq. 
appears in Harttbrd in 



1709. 



7 
8 
8 
9 

10 
11 
1-2 



1038, and in 1639 he was 
chosen assistant, which 
office he held until his 
death. In 1641 he was 
chosen deputy governor, 
and in 1642, governor. 
1672 Hezekiah, 1741. 2 George remained 
Hezekiah, Secretary, the family mansion 



Mcrnj, 
Mclntabel, 



1704 A' wM, 

8 Elizabeth, 

9 George, 1709, 
10 George, 1796, 

13 13 Mabel, 

14 14 Samticl, 1732. 
12 George, Secretary. 

15 1738 Samuel, 1823, 

16 44 William, 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 



at 

in 

Fenny Compton. 

3 Hester m. Capt. 
Harding, in 1645. 

4 Amy m. John Pyn- 
chon of Springfield, in 
1645. 

5 Samuel, Esq. was 
born in England ; gradua- 
ted at Harvard in 1653, 



54 Jolm Falsgrove* and the next year, at the 

[>Q> George, died, early age of 21, was clect- 

Hezekiali, 1827, ed an assistant, to which 

50 Susanna, office he was annually 

42 Mary. elected until 1684. He 

15 Samuel, Gen. & Sec. was again elected, after 

22 1777 Oliver St. John, the government of And- 



24 



HARTFORD. 



23 1781 Mary Wood- ross, from 16S9 to 1692, 

[bridge, and again in 169S, making 

24 84 Samuel Hobart, 36 years during which he 

25 90 William Alfred, held this high office. He 
19 Hezekiah, Col. was also 4 years commis- 

26 1786 Amelia, sioner to the congress of 

27 SI George, 1S22, the New England colonies. 

28 89 Charlotte Eliz., He m. Ruth the daughter 

29 90 Harold, of Gov. Haynes. 

30 91 John Palsgrove, 7 Mehitabel m. (1) Dan- 

31 93 Ferdinand. iel Russell of Charles- 
town ; (2) Rev. Isaac Foster in 1679, who died in 1684 
leavmg one child Ann; and (3) Rev. Tim. Wood- 
bridge. 

8 Hez. m. Eliz. d. of Rev. Jer. Hobart in 1702. 
He was Secretary of State, from 1711 to 1734. 

9 Ruth m. Richard Lord in 1724, and after his 
death, Belding. 

12 George Wyllys m. Mary, the daughter of Rev. 
Timothy Woodbridge. He was Secretary of State 
from 1735 to 1795, 61 years. 

13 Mabel m. Samuel Talcott, a man of great 
wealth, and son of the governor. 

15 Samuel, General, m. Ruth Stoughton in 1777. 
He was Secretary of State from 1796 to 1S09, when 
Thomns Day was chosen assistant Secretary. 

1 Wilham died unmarried. 

19 Hez. m. Amelia Trumble in 1785. 

20 Susanna m. Jed. Strong, of Litchfield. 

21 Mary m Pomeroy. 

22 Oliver, S. J., died a vagabond in 1839. 

23 Mary W. m. John M. Gannett. 

24 and 25 Sam. H. and Wm. A. probably died 
unmarried. 

26 Ameha m. Asher Adams of Charlestown. 

27 George left a widow but no children. 

28 Charlotte E. probably died unmarried. 

29 Harold is supposed to have died in a distant 
land. 

30 John P. was killed in the western army, under 
St. Clair. -^ 



DIVISIONS OF THE TOWN. 25 

With some slight exceptions, the lands on the Nortli 
and on the South side were divided among the propri- 
etors on those sides respectively. The line of division 
commenced at the mouth of the Little river, which it 
followed to the union of Hog and Woods rivers, and 
then up the latter to the bend, thence on the south 
side of the Knowles' farm, and onward to the West 
Division. The same line was continued on the east 
side of the Great river. 

DIVISIONS OF THE TOWN. 

On the arrival of the first settlers in Hartford, they 
probably found the Little Meadow, the North and 
South Meadows, and the Meadow on the East side, 
already cleared and under cultivation by the Indians, 
consisting of meadow and corn land. For many 
years after the settlement, Indians continued to reside 
near the house in the South Meadow, at the south end 
of the Island on the East side, and at the north end of 
the East Hartford Meadow. These meadows were divi- 
ded among the original proprietors, for meadow and 
plow lots : and other portions of the town west of these 
were also distributed among the original proprietors, 
and by their grant to other settlers, for wood and pas- 
ture. The Divisions together with the 

Names of Locations 
were as follow : — 

On the NORTH side, 

I. Little Meadow lay on the east side of Front 
street, between the Little river and the North Meadow 
bridge. It was divided, among the proprietors on 
both sides, into 66 lots of various sizes from 30 square 
rods to 4 acres ; 25 of these lots lay on the north side 
of the Road to the Landing, and the rest on the south 
side. Gov. Haynes purchased the lots next to the 
Little river, which descended to his heirs as far as 
John Haynes Lord. The lots between Gov. Haynes's 
and the old Ferry street, were mostly purchased by 
3 



26 HARTFORD. 

Jolin Pantry, and descended to his heirs in the Jones 
family. Wm. Westwood purchased a large part of 
the lots north of the ferry, which were inherited by 
his grandson, Aaron Cook. The south-east angle of 
the Little Meadow, including 3 acres, was claimed 
and occupied by the Dutch, and hence is called the 
Dutch Point. At the north end of the Little Meadow 
was a two acre lot, called the Cow Yard, which was 
afterwards granted to Richard Olmsted, in exchange 
for a part of his house lot that was taken for a burying- 
yard. At the south-west corner of the Meadow, was 
a landing place, near the public crossing place from 
the North to the South side ; and another landing place 
at the foot of old Ferry street. At the latter place per- 
mission was granted by the town to build several 
w^are houses, on the public land. 

Since the first settlement of Hartford, the river has 
made great inroads on the Little Meadow. Then, 
the little river or creek running from the North 
Meadow, emptied into the Great river at the landing 
place and ferry, and a strip of land on the east side of 
it extended from the landing to the North Meadow 
bridge. 

IL Soldiers' Field, an appellation given to a tract 
containing about 1 5 acres, lay on the west side of the 
North Meadow creek, about a quarter of a mile north 
of the N. M. bridge. The lots were chiefly 1-4 th of 
an acre each, and perhaps were granted to soldiers 
enoaged in some Inclian war. There is a tradition, 
however, that it was once an Indian camp ground, 
and Indian implements of war have been found on the 
premises. The original owners all lived on the North 
side, and were few or none of them original proprietors 
of the town.' 

III. North Meadow extended from the bridge to 
Windsor, and from the Great river to the creek 
which separated it from the Neck lots. The lots ex- 
tended from east to west the whole width, and most 
of them included both meadow and swamp. To 
each proprietor on the north side, there was granted 
two lots, a large one at the upper end of the meadow, 



DIVISIONS. 27 

and a smaller one at the lower end. About SOO acres 
were thus distributed. 

IV. Neck extended as at present from the town to 
Windsor, and from the Meadow swamp to the hills, 
and included about 400 acres. Each proprietor in 
the Neck had two lots, one at the upper, and the other 
at the lower end, as in the North Meadow lots. 

V. Cow Pasture lay west of the present Windsor 
road, and north of the Albany turnpike. It contained 
about 1,000 acres, and was held in common by the 
original proprietors on the North side. After a few 
years, however, it was divided among the owners. 
It was bounded north by common or undivided land, 
east by the Neck, south by the Highway to the Com- 
mons, which separated it from the West field, Ventu- 
rers' field, and Pine field, and west by the Little Ox 
Pasture. 

VI. Little Ox Pasture lay west of the Cow 
Pasture, and on both sides of the road leadino: north 
from the Albany turnpike. It contained about 200 
acres, and was divided into 19 lots, var^ang from two- 
to 20 acres. It was bounded north by common land, 
east by the Cow Pasture, south by the highway from 
the Cow Pasture to the Country, separating it from 
the Pine field and Middle Ox Pasture, and west by 
common land, afterwards called the Blue Hill lots. 

VII. West Field lay west of the town lots, and 
contained about 100 acres. It extended north to the 
Albany turnpike, through the east part of which 
High street now runs. At the north end of it, lay the 
house lots of Thomas Upson, Renold Marvin, Thomas 
Barnes, &c. There was once a road which led 
across it to the Brick-hill, about 40 rods north of 
Church street. On the south lay Mr. Allen's ten 
acre swamp lot, which extended south to Asylum 
street, on both sides of Brick-hill swamp brook. On 
the west lay the Brick-hill and the Venturers' field. 

VIII. Brick-hill was the bank which is east of 
the present work house, and north-west of Bull's gar- 
den, and contained originally 6 1-2 acres. It had a 
road leading to it from the town. 



28 HARTFORD. 

IX. Venturers' Field lay north of the Brick-hill 
on both sides of a road from the Cow Pasture, 
and extended to the Albany turnpike. It contained 
about 35 acres, and was distributed among ten or 
twelve owners. 

X. Pine Field consisted of about 25 small lots, 
of 50 acres in all, and extended from the highway in 
front of the Asylum, north to the Albany turnpike. 
The north-west corner was against the road leading 
north into the Little Ox Pasture. Through it ran an 
east and west highway from the Brick-hill to the 
river, perhaps the present road in front of the work- 
house. Another road ran across the east part of it, 
from the Cow Pasture to the Old Ox Pasture. 

XI. Old Ox Pasture lay west of the house lots 
on Lord's hill, between the highway in front of the 
Asylum and the Little river. It originally contained 
about 100 acres, and belonged to Gov. Haynes, Mr. 
Hooker and Mr. Stone : but the name was after- 
wards applied to all the tract south of said road to 
the river, embracing 500 acres. It belonged to the 
larger land proprietors. A north and south highway 
ran across it and the Middle Ox Pasture, from the 
Little river to the Blue hills. 

XII. Middle Ox Pasture extended from the Pine 
field west to the river, on the north side of the road 
leading past the Asylum, and contained about 100 
acres. 

XIII. Blue Hills lay north of the Albany turn- 
pike, west of the Little Ox Pasture, and extended on 
both sides of the Granby turnpike, north to the Com- 
mons. 

XIV. Bridge Field lay on the west side of Woods' 
river, and extended from the dividing line on the 
south side of the Knowles' farm, uorth to the road 
leading west from Gurney's bridge, and west to the 
north and south highway, and contained about two 
hundred acres. 

Most of the lands in these divisions, except the 
three last and part of the Xlth, were distributed to 
the proprietors before 1640. Subsequently the lands 



DIVISIONS. 29 

between the Cow Pasture and Little Ox Pasture, on 
the south, and Windsor bounds on the north, were dis- 
tributed. The rest of the lands west to the West 
Division was held in common until after 1750. 

On the SOUTH side, the proprietors were not so 
inventive in coining names for locaUties. 

I. South Meadow was the same as at present, 
embracing all east of the upland ridge. There was 
very little regularity in the laying out of the lots. 
After larger proprietors, or perhaps all the original 
purchasers had their lots laid out, the rest appears to 
have been taken up by pitches. That is, some half 
dozen individuals would associate, and take up an in- 
sulated spot susceptible of tillage, or a swamp, and 
divide it among themselves. In this way, irregular 
nooks and corners were left, which may have since 
been added to the adjoining lots, and given them 
their present irregular shape. 

To parts of the South Meadow were given specific 
names. There were the, Great Swamp, Wet 
Swamp, Dead Swamp, Pool, Indians' Land, Dutch- 
men's Land, Ward's Swamp, Olmsted's Swamp, 
Haynes's Swamp, 3d and 4th Divisions, two or 
three 40 Acre lots, and two or three 5 Acre lots, and 
some 10 Acre lots, owned each by several proprie- 
tors; there was also a Cow Pasture. Gov. Haynes, 
Mr. Hooker, Mr. Stone, and Mr. Goodwin had lots in 
the South Meadow, with the South side proprietors. 
In all there appears to have been about 900 acres dis- 
tributed. 

II. Ox Pasture consisted of large lots belonging 
to the larger proprietors, and extended from the 
South Meadow on the east, across Wethersfield 
lane, west to a north and south line running on the 
east side of the burying ground ; and from the house 
lots on the north, to swamp lands on the south, and 
contained about 450 acres. It was afterwards ex- 
tended to Wethersfield line, which made an addition 
of 250 acres. When the Farmington road was laid 
out, it cut off" the north-west corner, lying west of the 
South Green. 3* 



30 HARTFORD. 

Poke Hill was a name afterwards given indefi- 
nitely to lots on the west side of Wethersfield lane, 
south of the original Ox Pasture. 

III. A tier of Upland lots lay between the Ox Pas- 
ture on the east, and the highway to the Great Swamp, 
now the south part of Washington street, and the 
lane leading south from the Retreat, on the west ; 
and extended from the house lots on the north, to the 
Great Swamp on the south. It contained about 200 
acres. Most of these lots were small, and many of 
them subsequently used as house lots. 

Great Swamp included all the low land in the 
south part of the town on both sides and east of the 
New Haven turnpike. The lots were generally 
lai-gc, and belonged to the Ox Pasture and Rocky 
hill tiers of lots. The swamp contained about 400 
acres. 

V. Rocky Hill lots were bounded west on the 
highway on Rocky hill and onward to Wethersfield 
line, and east on the highway to the Great Swamp 
and the swamp lots, and extended from Baker's lane 
to Wethersfield hne. There were 38 lots, vaiying in 
size from 3 to 60 acres, including in all 600 acres. 
On many of them buildings were soon erected. In 
fact, one of the first houses erected out of the town, 
was on the Skinner place near Wethersfield line. 
Zachery's lane and the Farmington road crossed this 
tier of lots. 

VI. A tier of 17 small lots, granted to non-proprie- 
tors, lay between Baker's lane and the road to West 
Hartford, containing in all about 50 acres. 

VII. A tier of wood lots lay between the road to 
West Hartford and the Little river, west of the small 
house lots, which contained about 100 acres. 

VIII. A tier of 13 large lots lay on the west side 
OF Rocky Hill, and extended west to the river, and 
south to the Farmington road, embracing 400 acres. 

IX. A tier of large lots lay on the west side of the 
road from Rocky hill to Wethersfield, and extended 
west to the highway on the east side of Cedar Moun- 
tain. It contained nearly 300 acres, of which the 
Wyllys lot included one half. 



NAMES OF LOCATIONS 31 

X. Lots were granted on the westside of Hog river, 
in the bend between it and Woods' river. 

Commons extended from Wethersfield to Windsor, 
and from the west side of the lots enumerated above, 
to the West Division, and was forever set apart by 
the proprietors for public use, for pasture and the cut- 
ting of wood. In what manner this pledge was vio- 
lated, and the Commons divided, will be the subject 
of future remark. 

West Division was originally laid out to all the 
proprietors by lot, without regard to North and South 
sides. The lots were at first one and a half miles 
long; but by encroachment on the Commons, were 
considerably extended. The manner of laying out 
will be given below. 

East Side of the Great river, or Hocanum, 
was a tier of lots, divided among the original 
proprietors before 1640, and ex ended from Weth- 
ersfield, [Glastonbury,] to Windsor, [East Windsor,] 
and from the river to the Main street, with the excep- 
tion of Indian reservations. The North and South 
sides had their respective portions. 

The first purchase on the East side extended three 
miles from the river ; and the subsequent purchase 
from Joshua extended five miles further, to the bounds 
of Bolton. In this latter purchase is the town of Man- 
chester. Particulars will be given in subsequent 
pages. 

The following are the names of some specific loca- 
tions : — 

Centinel Hill was at the junction of Main, 
Trumbull and Burr streets, and probably covered 
an acre or more of ground, on one side of which was 
the pound ; hence it was sometimes called Pound 
hill. It was a hill from which the community were 
accustomed to carry away earth, until prohibited by 
a vote of the town. It was doubtless a place where 
Gentries were stationed to watch the city, and give 
alarms from danger. When such guards were no 



32 HARTFORD. 

longer necessary, the hill may have been leveled to 
fill up adjacent low grounds. 

Palis ADO was on the Little river where Main street 
now crosses it. There is no evidence that it was a 
fortification. Probably it was only a defence against 
danger on the high banks of the river, before any 
bridge was built. 

Meeting-house Yard included not only the pres- 
ent State square, but extended north and south so as 
to include about twice the present area. In the north- 
east corner of the yard stood the gaol or prison, and 
in the south-east corner was the market place. 

Ox Pasture Hill included the building lots on the 
east side of the Old Ox Pasture, now called Lord's 
hill. 

Mill Lot included two acres where the present 
gaol stands, together with the flat and bed of the 
river west of it. The main channel of the river was 
then under the South bank, and the flat was an island. 

Wolf Pound was a name given to a lot or two on 
the east side and about the middle of Washington 
street. 

TOWN ROADS. 

The roads not before particularly described, were 
as follow : — The 

Road to Windsor, at first, either passed through 
the North Meadow, or lay on the bank in the Neck 
adjacent to the meadow swamp. Next, it probably 
passed up on the east side the Neck to the Soldiers' 
Field, and then crossed to the west side, on the borders 
of the upland. Afterwards it appears to have run 
from the northwest angle of Village street, obliquely 
to and over the hill, to the west side of the Neck. It 
was many years before the present road was located. 

Road to Wethersfield has always been in its 
present location through the Ox Pasture. 

Road to Farmington was very early laid out, 
commencing at the South Green, and running ob- 
liquely across the corner of the Ox Pasture, and 



• • / 

BURYING YARD. 33 

across the upland and Rocky hill lots to the top of the 
hill, thence onward across the lots under the hill to the 
Commons near Cedar mountain ; thence across the 
Commons, the road has ever been varying. But 
throush the West Division, the location of the road 
has ever been the same. 

Road to the River, or to the Commons, on the 
South side, was a continuation of Baker's lane ; which 
was afterwards continued across the Commons, and 
called the "John Seymour road." The road has 
since been changed, and connected with the present 
West Hartford road, on the north side of the small 
tier of lots. 

Road from the Mill to the Country ran from the 
Little river over the hill and in front of the Asylum, 
to the Bridge Field and the Commons ; more recently 
called the Gurney's road. 

Cow Pasture to the Country, afterwards "to 
the West Division," and "to Simsbury" was the 
same as the present Albany turnpike. 

Other i*oads connecting with the two last, are speci- 
fied in the preceding pages. 

On the South side, Zachery's lane, and the high- 
ways on and under Rocky Hill, were original high- 
ways. 

Road to the Great Swamp, or Washington 
street and the lane in continuation running south 
from the Retreat, after a turn to the east, was after- 
wards continued to Wethersfield line. 

>^BURYING YARD. 

" The 11th of January, 1640," [1641.] 
" It is further ordered, that the Burying-place is ap- • 
pointed to be parcel of Richard Olmsted's lot ; and 
for satisfaction to Richard Olmsted for the said Bury- 
ing-place, and the fencing about it, he is to have a 
parcel of ground lying at the North Meadow gate, 
[the Cow-yard] containing about an acre and half of 
ground ; and the said Richard Olmsted is to remove 
Mr. Allen's fence, and set it by the highway against 



34 HARTFORD. 

the said ground, and to inclose the end of said parcel 
of ground, tliat it safeguard the long meadow. The 
said Richard Ohnsted is to have part of John Skin- 
ner's lot, on which the said John Skinner's house 
stands ; and the said John Skinner is to remove his 
dwelling house ; and John Skinner is to have for the 
same, 3 acres of upland, and for the exchange of 
ground, is to have 3 acres more ; which 6 acres is to 
be laid out in the Cow Pasture or Ox Pasture. 
Richard Olmsted is to trans-sill his house that stands 
upon the Burying- place, and then the town is to re- 
move it to the lot the said Richard Olmsted receives 
of John Skinner." [John Skinner gave up all his 
\' front on Main street, and had another house lot on 
Lord's Hill.] 
*' At a meeting of the town, February the 22, 1651." 

" There was an agreement between the town and 
Richard Lord : He is to have the use of the burying 
place, to put in horses and calves ; he to make and 
maintain the fence about it, that belongeth unto it, 
until the town shall desire to take it into their own 
hand; and then they are to give a year's warning: 
and if he desire to leave it, he is also to give the like 
warning." [The rest of the vote relates to condi- 
tions of the final surrender to the town : but the 
record is so much torn and gone, that the particulars 
cannot be made out.] 

" September 29, 1664." 
- " This writing witnesseth an agreement between 
Richard Lord of Hartford, and the Townsmen re- 
specting the burying-yard : 

" The said Richard doth covenant, promise and 
engage to and with the said townsmen, that there shall 
be a sufficient pale fence set up round about the said 
burying ground, — that is to say, so much of the said 
fence as doth properly belong to the burying yard, 
and the fence next the highway, — -the pales and post 
heads to be handsomely sharped, and the said fence 
set up straight, and the pales set even by a line at 
the tops, and this to be done at or before the 25th of 
October next ensuing the date hereof. The said 



GRAVES. 35 

Richard is to feed off the grass with horses and 
calves, according to the former agreement.^ He is 
at no time to suffer hogs to come into the said bury- 
ing yard, nor to fodder cattle in it. The said Rich- 
ard is also to red ace the divident fence between his 
said orchard and the burying yard to its ancient 
bounds. All this to be done according to this agree- 
ment, nnd so maintained during the whole term that 
the said Richard shall improve the said burying-yard. 
And upon the breach of this agreement, or any part 
of it, he shall forfeit all the cost and labor upon it, to 
the town. — By pale fence, we intend only the fence 
against the highway, and the divident fence between 
his orchard and the said burying-yard." 

" To which agreement, these parties have subscribed, 
Robert Webster,") Richard Lord." 

James Steele, 
John Gilbert, [ 
Daniel Pratt, J 



y Townsmen. 



« 3 March 1640." 
"An order concerning Graves." 

" It is ordered that Thomas Woodford shall attend 
the making of graves for any corpses deceased : and 
that no corpse shall be laid less than four foot deep ; 
nor that be above four years old, shall be laid less 
than five foot deep ; nor that be above ten, shall be 
laid less than six foot deep. 

" He shall receive for giving notice by ringing the 
bell, making the grave, and keeping of it in seemly , 
repair, so that it may be known in future time, — 
when such graves have been made for the lesser sort, v/ 
2s. 6d., for the middle sort, 3s., and for the higher 
sort, 3s. 6d." 

Town Crier. " It is further ordered, that if any 
person hath lost anything that he desireth should be 
cried in a public meeting, he shall pay for crying of it 
2d. to Thomas Woodford, to be paid before it be 
cried : and the crier shall have a book of the things 
that he crieth." 



^-n/ 



36 HARTFORD. 



SETTLERS IN HARTFORD, 
Between 1640 and 1700, together with the date 
when there names first aj)pear ; and their places of 
residence. 

Inhabitants were admitted in this form, — 

"At a meeting &c. 1661. It was agreed, and by 
vote of the town concluded, that Joseph Fitch is ac- 
cepted an inhabitant of the town of Hartford." 

Or in 1715, "Horace Howard was then admitted 
an inhabitant of this town." 

April 1664, "The town voted that they would not 
receive Martin Moore an inhabitant of this town." 

William Adams, 1650, Trumbull street, lot 39. 

Nicholas Ackley, 1655, Trumbull street, lot 42. 

Edward Andrews, 1655, East Hartford. 

Thomas Atkins, 1682, East Hartford. 

Jonathan Ashley, 16S2, north end. 

"William Alderman, 1694. • 

William Ayres, 1651, Burr, lot 61. 

George Ash, 1682, East Hartford ? 

Charles Barnard, 1681, Elm street, lot 42. 

Richard Blanchard, 1682, East Hartford. 

John Baker, 1667, Baker's lane. 

Stephen Brace, 1673, Charter street, lot 13. 

Bartholomew Barnard, 1647, Main St., lot 33 and 34 

Francis Barnard, 1644, corner of Main and Charter. 

Mr. John Blackleach, 1660, comer of Main and Arch. 

Thomas Blackley, 1650, East Hartford. 

John Bayley, 1655. 

Mr. Andrew Belcher, 1670, Main street, lot 10. 

Mathew Beckwith, 1645, Trumbull street, lot 65. 

Benjamin Beven, 1687, East Hartford. 

Andrew Benton, 1664, Wethersfield lane. 

Robert Bell, 1682. 

Thomas Bennett, 1682. 

Thomas Bird, 1645, Wethersfield lane. 

John Bigelow, 1669, C ooper lane, lot 52. 

Jonathan Bigelow, 1677, Wethersfield lane. 



SETTT.KRS. 



.am. 



David Bishop, 16S5, Neck. 

Richard Billings, 1650, Elm north side. _ L->i-^ 
Rev Mr. Thomas Buckingham, 1G9G, Buckmgham .V 
Thomas Burnham, 1650, corn. State and Mam. 
Peter Busarre, 1646, Mill street. 
VViUiam Buckland, 16SS, East Hartford. 
Joshua Carter, 1692, Rocky hill. 
Thomas Cathn, 1646, Elm, lots 23 and 24. 
Thomas Cadwell, 1652, Front and State. 
Richard Case, 1669, East Hartford. 
Isaac Cakebread, 16S0, Elm street, north side. 
John Camp, 1672, Wethersfield lane. 
Christopher Crow, 1655, north end. 
Joseph CoUier, 1668, Pine field. 
Sarah Crook, 1672, East Hartford. 
Aaron Cook, 1686, Front, lot 19. 
Timothy Cowles, 1695, East Hartford. 
John Coal, 1655, Wethersfield lane. 
Thomas Dickinson, 1682, Main, lot 23. 
Philip Davis, 1651, Main and Charter. 
Stephen Davis, 1655, East Hartford. 
William Davenport, 1696, Main, part 10. 
Even Davey, 1681, South side. 
John Dix, 1674, East Hartford. 
Alexander Douglass, 1676, Neck. 
Josiah Dibble, 1693, East Hartford. 
Jacob Demmon, 1696. 

William Edwards, 1646, north side State square. 
John Emerson, 1688. 
Texhall Endsworth, 1682, Front, lot 18. 
Gilbert Foresith, 1682. 
Rev. Isaac Foster, 1682, Main, part 10. 
Richard Fellows, 1646, Elm, lot 26. 
Thomas Ford, 1649, Trumbull, lot 42. 
James Forbs, 1658, East Hartford. 
Mr. Joseph Fitch, 1655, Main, lot 22. 
i/Lamrock Flowers, 1686, West Hartford. 
Peter Grant, 1677, Wethersfield lane. 
Edward Crannis, 1655, Bliss and Elm. 
Samuel Gains, 1667, East Hartford. 
Mr. Georo-e Gardner, 1673, Arch, lot 3. 



4 



38 HARTFORD. 

Joseph Garrett, 1694. 
Walter Grev, 1655. 

Nathaniel Greensmith, 1655, Farmington road. 
Mr. Jonathan Gilbeit. 1646, Cole and Charter, after- 
John Gilbert, 164S, Pearl, s. side, [wards Main, 1. 10. 
Henry Grihmes or Graham, 1 G62, Wethersfield lane. 
Richard Gilman, 1 672, south side. 
James Gordion, 1682. 
Jasper Gnnn, 1646, Pearl, south side* 
Joseph Gillet, 1694, West Hartford. 
Thomas Hancock, 1692, from Farmington. 
Wilham Harris, 16S2. 

Benjamin Harbor, 1 644, South side, lot 58. 
Henry Hayward or Howard, 1663, from Wethersfield, 
James Hannisonsor Henderson, S. side. [Elm, 1. 19. 
John Hawke, 1683. 

Thomas Hill, J 685 from Middletown, Elm and Bliss. 
Barnabas Hinsdale, 1693, Rocky hill. 
Isaac Hinsdale, 1697, West Hartford. 
Robert Howard, 1683, millei'. 
Wilham Hulberd, 1647, Main and State. 
Pater Hogan, 1657, Dutchman. 
Thomas Huxly, 1668, Neck. 
Thomas Humphreys, 1682. 
Arthur Henbcrry, 1680. 
John Ingersoll, 1655. 
^acob Johnson, 1674, Elm and Bliss. 
Samuel Kecherell, 1645, Mill street. 
John Kell}^ 1655, south side. 
Thomas Xilborne, 1677, East Hartford. 
George Knight, 1674, Neck 
Joseph Keeney, 1693, East Hartford. 
Richard Keeney, 1698, East Hartford. 
Thomas King, 1688, Bliss, west side. 
John Kirby, ]646. 

Nathaniel Kimberly, 1660, from New Haven. 
John Langton, 1655. 
Gabriel Linch, 1656, south side. 
William Loveridge, 1659, Charter, lot 14. 
Thomas Long, 1668, near the Mil;, lot 41. 
Thomas Loveman, 1682. 



SETTLERS. 39 

Simon Lobdell, 1655.-'' 
Jonathan Loomis, 16S5, Neck ? 
Thomas Mason, 1G50, east side, State square. 
John Mason, 1678, Buckingham, lot 30. 
Joel Marshall, 1682, Commons. 
Thomas Marshall, 1668, Wethersfield lane. 
Josiah Marshfield, 1687. 
John Merrill, 1657, Elm, lot 18. 
Nathan Messenger, 1688. 
John Meekins, 1672, East Hartford. 
John Mitchell, 1655, south side State square. 
Bryant Mogshe, 1655. 
Martin Moore, 1682, colored. 
Philip More, 1693, East Hartford. 
William Morton, 1657, to Windsor. 
Thomas Morgan, 1692, West Hartford- 
Michael Mudge, 1646. 
Rev. Roger Newton, 1646, to Farraington. 
Joseph Nash, 1660, Elm and Bliss. 
Seaborn, Siborne or Cyprian Nichols, 1664, Cole St. 1. 4. 
John Norton, 1659, Mill street. 
Adam Nichols, 1655, pauper. 
James Northam, 1655. 
Edmund O'Neil, 1682, East Hartford ? 
William Parsons, 1685. 
William Partridge, 1644, Cole and Charter. 
John Perry, 1682. 

Timothy Phelps, 1692, Main, lot 23. 
Mr. William Pitkin, 1660, to East Hartford. 
Thomas Porter, 1646, West-field. 
John Plumb, 1665, South side. 
Robert Reeve, 1655, Neck. 
Mr. James Richards, 1663, Cole and Md. lane. 
Samuel Robertson, 1665, Neck. 
Hugh Roe, 1661, Elm and Bliss. 
John Roberts, 1682. 
William Roberts, 1698, East Hartford. 
Andrew Roby, 1691. 
Jonathan Richardson, 1697. 
Mr. John Russell, 1650. 
John Sparks, 1694. 



40 HARTFORD. 

Robert Sandford, 1655, Burr, lots 61 and 62. 

Nathaniel Sandford, 1655, Wethersfield lane. 

Andrew Sandford, 1651, Burr, lot 74. 

John Sad, 1674, Elm, Bliss and river. 

Samuel Sedgwick, 1694, West Hartford. 

Garrad Speck, 1665, Burr, lot 71. 

Michael Spencer, 1645, Mill street. 

John Stedman, 1651, Mill street. 

Andrew Stephens, 16S2. 

John Shepard, 1670, Cooper lane, lot 50^ 

Joseph Smith, 1655, Cole and Sheldon. 

Richard Smith, 1651, Main, part 16. 

Simon Smith, 1655, to West Hartford. 

Thomas Swetman, 1682. 

Samson Shore, 1649, Trumbull, lot 42. 

Robert Shirley, 1679, Charter and Cole. 

Thwaite Strickland, 1647, Neck? 

George Sexton, 1698, Neck. 

John Sumner, 1695. 

Thomas Trill, 1682, East Hartford. 

Thomas Thomson, 1644. 

Thomas Tomlinson, 1665, Neck. 

Thomas Thornton, 1677, Elm, lot 20. 

John Tillotson, 1675 ? Lord's Hill. 

John TuUer, 1682. 

John Turner, 1675, Elm, lot 45. 

Mr. Varlett, 1656. 

Thomas Vigers, 1678. 

John Waite, 1665. 

William Warren, 1664, Sheldon and Main, to East 

Mr. Eliezer Waye, 1666, Main and Arch. [Hartford. 

Bevil Waters, 1668, Wethersfield lane. 

John Webb, 1648, Trumbull, lot 42. 

Samuel Wheeler, 1687. 

Thomas Whaples, 1653, Wethersfield lane ? 

John Watson, 1646, South Main, lot 9. 

Nathaniel Willett, 1645, Charter, lot 13. 

William Williams, 1650, Burr, lot 68. 

Mr. Phineas Wilson, 1675, Mill st. 

Obadiah Wood, 16S1, East Hartford. 

John Wilson, 1679, State and Front, north side. 



1 



PROPRIETORS. . 41 

Gov. John Winthrop, from New London. 

George Wright, 161)4. 

William Worthington, 1695, Main, lot 10. 

Rev. Timothy Woodbridge, 1635, Main and Arch. 

Josiah WiUard, 1658. 

John and Thomas Whitmore, 1646. 

John Wyard, 1670, Wethcrsfield lane. 

PROCEEDINGS OF PROPRIETORS. 

*' At a meeting of the proprietors of the undivided 
land in Hartford, the Oth day of February, 1671 

" It was agreed by the proprietors, that a rate often 
pounds shall be raised upon the proprietors mentioned 
on the other side [see names on pages S and 9,] 
to be raised upon every man, according as his propri- 
ety and those he stands for shall give it, according to 
the rule entered in the Town Book for division of 
lands. 

"It is also agreed, that when any of the undivided 
lands shall be laid out, every proprietor for himself, 
and those he stands for, shall receive his proportion 
of what lands shall be agreed to be laid out, accord- 
ing to the rule for division of lands agreed upon, and 
entered in the town book, dated 3d January, 1639, 
[40]., of which this on the other side [see pages 8 and 
9,] is a copy of the proportion. 

" At the same meeting, the proprietors desired Mr. 
Willys, Capt, John Tallcott, Mr. James Richards, 
and Mr. John Allyn, to make the rate of ten pounds, 
to pay for our purchase of the undivided lands." 

The heading of the proprietors list is — 

" The proprietors of the undivided lands in Hart- 
ford, with each of their proportions in one division, as 
followeth, according to which proportion they paid 
for the purchase of the said lands." 

WEST DIVISION. 

" At a public meeting, Jan. 30, 1672 [3], of the 
proprietors, these votes passed : — 4* 



42 HARTFOJRD. 

" The proprietors voted, that part of the undivided 
lands should be divided to the proprietors, at the west 
end of the bounds. 

" The proprietors voted, that there should be a mile 
and half of the WEST END of the bounds laid out 
and divided amongst the proprietors, the whole 
length of the bounds. 

" The proprietors voted, that from that mile and 
half, which is to be laid out as aforesaid, when suffi- 
cient highways are laid out to the lots already granted 
to be laid out, that land next the town not laid out 
shall be and remain a COMMON FOREVER, for 
the use and benefit of the inhabitants of Hartford." 

"Lut. Rob't Webster, Mr. Nichols, Ens. Olmsted, 
-V Nalh. Standly, Mr. Steele and Nath. Ruscoe,_or any 
three of them, were chosen a committee to view the 
lands, and size, equahze, and lay out the same to the 
proprietors, according to their just proportion, and 
state needful highways in the same." 

" The lots benig drawn, fell as followeth : — 

«' A bill of the quantity and breadth of the last divis- 
^^ion of land next to Farmington bounds. The 
breadth of each lot is set down in the first column, 
the number of acres in the second, as they were laid 
out by the committee, November 1674. The order 
of the lots is in the margent. Beginning at Wmdsor 

bounds : . . 

[Names of original proprietors are in itahcs.J 

Highway next to Windsor bounds, 4 rods wide. 

1 Caleb Standly, son of Timothy, 

2 Thomas Butler, W. Butler's and Z. Field's, 

3 Tho. Lone, John Wilcox's, East end, 25 

4 John Mcush, West end. 80 153| 

[Tliese 4 lots in one.] 

5 Mrs. Hannah Wells, widow of Thomas, 50 150 
G Stephen Hopkins, son of John, 12 36 

7 Mr. John AUyn, son of Matheiv and E. 

^ Elmer's, 62^ 187^ 

8 Mr. William Andrews, 15 45 

9 Wm. and Sam. Spencer, W. Spencer's 

and W. Pratt's, 23 69 



WEST DIVISION. 



43 



10 
11 

12 



12 
1-3 
14 
15 

16 

17 

18 

19 
20 
21 

22 
23 
24 
25 

26 

27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 



Hartford School, half A. Warner^ s, E. 

end 21, W. end 25, 

Deac. Hich. Butler, 

[Edward Slcbbins, in laying out, omitted 
by mistake, see 70 below. The num- 
bers below altered from the original,] 

Robert Sandford, Samuel Hale's, 

Mr. Wm Wcstivood, 

John Pratt, 

Tho. and Sam. Olcott, sons of Thomas, 
T. Hale's, W. Heydcn's, TV Parker's, 

John Skinner, 

Mr. Siborn Nichols, Mr. Wm. TVhiting's, 

Mr. Barth. Barnard, R. Webb's, T. 
Bircliwood's, Higginson's and /. Clark's, 

Joseph Easton, 

Paid Peck, 

Jeremy Adams, 

Highway, 

John Cole, son o^ James, 

Nath. Ruscoe, Win. Ruscoe's, 

Mr. Joseph Haynes, son of John, 

Wid. Lord, else John Gilbert, widow 

of Thomas, 
end 25, west 



E. 



jNIr. John White, 

Se];j. Thomas Spencer, 

Wm. Leivis, Sen. 

Mr. Samuel Stone, 

Islv. Wm. Goodwin, 

Mr. John Whiting, Nat. Ward's, 

Mr. Sam. Hooker, son of Rev. Thomas, 

John Stedman, Rich. Olmsted's, 

Mrs. Sam. Willys, son of George, 

Jolin Baysey, 

Nath. Bacon, Andrew Bacon^s, 

Nath. Willett, Sam. Wakeman's, 

Nicholas Clark, 

Mr. Richard Lord, 

Thomas Cadwell, Thomas Scott's, 

Mr. Tho. Hosmer, else Mr. J. Whiting, 

Mr. John Pantry, son of William, 



23 

8 



5 



5 
8 

16 
8 
6 

16 



29 
7 
20 
20 
21 
30 



69 

24 



4 12 
40 120 
13 39 



90 



66 
15 

48 144 



45 135 
15 
24 



48 

18 

48 



80 240 



14i 43i 



81 
21 
60 
60 
63 
90 



40| 122 
4 12 

75 225 



7 

14 
15 
6 
9 
21 
30 



21 
42 
45 
18 
27 
63 
90 



40 120 



44 HARTFORD. 

43 Samuel Andrews, Thomas Stantoii's 7 21 

44 Mr. James Richards, JV. Gibbons' s^ \ E. 

HoioTiins'' s Qxidi \ Andrew Warner'' s, 64 192 

45 John Watson, Thomas Judd's, 10 30 

46 John Watson, Thomas Selden^s, 3 9 

47 Nicholas Olmsted, son of James, 35| 106^ 

48 Deac. George Graves, and JVm. Hyde's^ 23 69 
Highway, 8 

N/ 49 Maj. John Talcott, son of John, John 

/Steele's, N. Ehfs, and \ M. Marvin's, 91 273 

50 Deac. Joseph Mygatt, W. Blumjield's, 21 63 

51 David Ensign and Jos. Easton, Jun., 

and N. Richards's, 25 75 

52 Nath. Barding, Seth Grant's, 7 21 

53 William Hills, 10 30 

54 Arthur Smith, 6 18 

55 John Merrills, Gregory Wilterton's, 14 42 

56 John Church, son of Richard, and T. 

Root's, 9 27 

57 William Kellsey, 8 24 

58 Lt. Rob. Webster, son of John, 51 153 

59 Thomas Catlin, R. Lyman's, 17 51 
"^ 60 [James Steele, in laying out, omitted by 

mistake. See 69 below.] 

60 Samuel Moody, son of Jo/<;?, 20 60 

61 Mr. John Wadsworth, son of Wm. and 

St. Hart's, 49i 148^ 

62 Mr. John Crow, 10 30 

63 George Stocking, 10 30 

64 Thos.Bunce,ofSam.Gridley, ^.Pos.^'s, 12 36 

65 Nath. Standly, son of Thomas, and i M. 

Marvi?i's, 28 84 

66 Lt. Thomas Bull, son of Thomas, J. 

luce, and \ E. Hopkins, 36 108 

67 Henry Hay ward, John Barnard's,^, end 

47, W. end 11, length 183, J^\ 

^""^ Farmington Road, eight rods wide, \l^?^^ 

68 John Day, son oi Robert, and J. Maynard's, 
rN/ 69 James Steele, so\i of George, 

\ JHQ Edwar-d Stebbi?is{:a.nd | Edward Hoj)kins's, 
^71 Daniel Arnold, son of Johi, 



WEST DIVISION. 45 

72 Richard Goodman. [For these 5 lots, see below.] 

" At a meeting of the proprietors of the undivided 
lands in Hartford January, 3d, 1677, [8]." 

" The proprietors voted that the committee who 
laid out the long lots, should show the owners their 
lots, and that they should be paid for the same after 
the rate of 2s. 6d. per 100 acres. 

" It was also voted, that the piece of land lying next 
Wethersfield bounds, and is an overplus after the 
lots are laid out, shall be laid out in five tiers of lots ; 
the middle tier of lots shall be 20 acre lots, the tier 
next the town Commons 10 acre lots, the others 15 
acre lots ; and those to whom the lots shall be given, 
are not to sell them before they are fenced in and im- 
proved. 

"It was voted that Capt. Olmsted, Mr. Nichols, 
and Ens. Standly should grant those lots to such of 
the town of Hartford as they shall see in need of the 
same, and as they judge it may be advantageous." 

" The lots on the south side Fnrmington highwa^^, 
being divided into Jive tiers of lots : First lot beo-in- 
ning at Hartford Commons and the highway aforesaid. 
The lots lie successively to Wethersfield bounds/' 
south from highway. 

First Division. 

1 [6S] John Day, rds. breadth, 64 length 80 acres 32 

2 Capt. Thomas Watts, 21 

3 Andrew Benton, 21 

4 iVndrew Benton, Jun. 21 

5 Robert Shirley, 21 

6 Wilham Goodwin, 21 

7 Joseph Collier, 21 

8 Alexander Douglass, 21 

9 Jhn. Wyard, to Weth. bounds 24 

Second Tier, bounds east on First Tier. 
vl [69] James Steele, from Farmington 
highway, 80 

2 John Searaor, 30 

3 Thomas Clark, 30 

4 Joseph Garrad, 30 



80 


lOi 


80 


lOi 


80 


lOi 


80 


lOi 


SO 


10^ 


so 


lOi 


80 


lOi 


SO 


12 


Tier 




90 


45 


90 


17 


90 


17 


90 


17 




.— — " — 




J-iO k 



8 



46 HARTFORD. 

6 John Bigelow, 30 90 17 

6 Paul Peck, to Wethersfield bounds, 18 

Third Tier, east on four rod highway. 

1 [70] John Willson, from 

Stebbins, 64 100 40 

2 [71] PhiHp Davis of Arnold, 40 100 25 

3 John Cole, 25 100 15f 

4 Joseph Smith, " 25 100 * ISf- 

5 Joseph Smith, Jun. 25 100 151^ 
"^ 6 Samuel Steele, 25 100 15 

7 John Shepherd, to Wethersfield bds. 100 17 

Fourth Tier. 

1 [70] Edward Cadwell, from 

Stebbins 64 100 40 

2 John Mitchell, 2S 100 17i 

3 John Mason, 28 100 17i- 

4 Richard Gilman, 28 100 17^ 

5 Obadiah Spencer, 28 100 17^ 

6 John Hally, 28 100 17^ 

Fifth Tier, east on four rod highway. 

1 Richard Goodman, east end 82 

wer^'end 46 100 40 

2 John Skinner, 32 100 20 

3 John Camp, 32 100 20 

4 Thomas Burr, to Wethersfield bounds, 20 
Samuel Robinson, west end 42, east end to point, 

length 103, acres 13|^, butting west on Farmington 
bounds, on the north side of Farmington road. ^ 

All the proprietors named on pages S and 9, or their 
representatives, had lots, except Francis Andrews 
and William Holton. Besides the proprietors, lots 
were granted by special vote to 27 residents in town, 
as an encouragement to settlers. The proprietors 
shares were drawn by lot. 

Next to Windsor bounds was a 4 rod highway. 
Adjoining this were lots 1, 2, 3, and 4. No. 2 ad- 
joined Farmington, then No. 4, next No. 1, and No. 3 
next the Commons. 

The succeeding lots from No. 5 to No. Q>Q^ were each 
a mile and a half long, extending from Farmington 

Hi' • , 



WEST DIVISION. 4:7 



line to the Commons, and were one tW as many 
rods wide as they contamed acres. No. 66 l^at^ecl 
south partly on the old Farmington road. No. 67 was 
nearly a triangular piece, bounded by No. 66, the 
Commons and Farmington road. Wntl^Prs- 

The lots south of the Farmmgton road to Wethers 
field town line, were divided into five tiers, by north 
and south lines. The lots "^xt tojarmmgton road 
were granted to proprietors, and the remainder were 
o-rantecl to other residents in town. 

High Ways in West Division. 

Next Windsor bounds was a four rod highway, part 
of which still remains, and part has been exchanged 

for a more convenient road. -, i • t. ,rr,.r thp 

Between lots 21 and 22 was an 8 rod highway, the 
ea^t end of which constitutes part of the present Al- 
banyTurnpike road. But after Abel Merrill purchas 
ed lots 19; 20, and 21, by vote of the town, he was 
permitted to locate it on the nonh side of hu= land, 
(where it now is), provided he made half the fence 

on the north side of it. . i j u- i.^m^r 

Between lots 48 and 49 was an eight rod highway, 

which still remains. , • i 

The old Farmington road, eight rods wide, remains 
where originally located, or rather where the traveled 
path was before the division was made. . 

The hiohway from the Farmington road to iNewing- 
ton, between the second and third tiers of south lots, 
remains as located, except a bend made by exchange 
of lands, to avoid a hill. . 

The highway from Farmington road to New 13iit- 
ain, between the fourth and fifth tiers, has been ex- 
changed, and ..ow passes diagonally across the filth 

tier 1 

The hio-hway called West Hartford Street was lo- 
cated abSut 1(384 by the proprietors. The vote was 
that it should pass thre^ugh near the cen re of tbe lot.. 
Every man was left to his own choice where it shou 
cross his land. The houses appear to have been built 



**^ HARTFORD. 

on the ridge and the road made from house to house. 
1 he town afterwards voted that the highway should 
be SIX rods wide. "^ 

By concurrent vote of the adjoining proprietors, a 
bghway four rods wide, one half in each town, was 
located on the bounds of Hartford and Farminotr 
extending from Windsor to Wethersfield, or t? the 
J armington road. 

^r.f^o}^'^'' 11^ ^^l?^^7^l """^ ™"' ^h^O"gh the centre of 
lot 34, or the Wyllys lot. 

r,.Ti^^-:l''^%T''''''"'S,^'''' turnpike road runs on the 
north side of lot 42, the Pantry lot, as far as the river, 
then bears a little south diagonally through the wesi 
part of said lot. 

Settlements in West Division. 

mJ^.^J''^ P"^'^^^^se, with a view to settlement, in 
West Hartford, was made by Thomas Hosmer, for 
his son Stephen, in 1679, about half a mile north of 
the meeting house. John Merrill began his purchas- 
es in the same vicinity in 16S3. The purchase had 
reterence to a mill, immediately erected where the 
present mill stands, at the expense of Mr Hos- 
mer,_ though probably Mr. Merrill was actively enga- 
ged in the work from the first. Mr. Hosmer deeded 
Mr. Merrill one third of the saw mill and 60 acres of 
land in 16S5. Mills are ever regarded amona the 
hrst essentials of a new settlement. BetweeS this 
time and 1730, the Hosmers and Merrills purchased 
all the land between the Hooker lot south of the mill, 
and the present highway running west from the inter- 
section of the Albany turnpike road with the street, 
embracing mall 600 acres, (with the exceptien of the 
Haynes lot ) mcluding lots 19 to 23,25 to 31 and 33. 
l.ot 19, John Easlonsold to Abel Merrills in 1719 
most of which was in 1730 converted into a hioh- 
way. ^ 

]^T ^<?i ?T''''^^f'^^ '""^'^ t° ^ech. Sanford in 16S5, 
and lot 21 Nat Willet sold to said Sanford in 1692! 
Ihese were afterwards purchased by Jona. and John 





No. 1, Contains Hartford in 1640. 

No. 2, Contains Hartford from 16 40 
to 1700, and West Hartford. 

No" 3, Will commence the History 
of Farmington. 

The numbers will be issued monthly or as 
often as practicable. Twelve pages in each 
number will be occupied with geneological and 
biographical notices of familes. 

The history of Hartford, including East 
Hartford and Manchester, will make a volume of 
two or three hundred pages. 

The History of Farmington will make a vol- 
ume ; and will embrace Far^nington, South- 
ington, Berlin, Bristol, Buj-lington, Avon, 
parts of Bloomfield and West Hartford, Wolcott 
Plymouth, Waterhury , Watertown and Middlc- 
hury. 

Histories of Wethebsfield, and Windsor, 
are in preparation. 

Each number will be sold separately ; or sub- 
scriptions will be received for the Avhole series, 
or for the separate histories. Price 12i cents 
single or five numbers for 50 cents in advance. 

Orders may be sent to WILLIAM S. POR- 
TER, care of Tyler & Porter, 6 Asylum st. 
Hartford. Single numbers may be obtained at 
the book stores in Hartford and New Haven, 
and at the Post Office in Farmington. 



William S. Porter, County SurYeyor. 

Orders may be left at the Town Clerk's 
Office, Hartford, or at his residence in Far- 
mington. 

References. — Simeon Hart, James Cowles, Edward Hooker, in 
Farininglon; and Nathaniel Goodwin, Deputy Sun-eyor General, 
Daniel St. John, and Henry Hudson, Esqs., Hartford. 





■^p71 



n '