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PAPERS READ 



BBFOBE THE 



KRIDAY, OCT. 1, 1015, 



l^istocp tPtself, ag seen in i)ei oton tootfestop." 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE HAVING CHARGE OF 
THE MARKING OF THE SITE OF THE POSTLE- 
THWAITE TAVERN WHERE THE FIRST COURTS 
OF JUSTICE IN LANCASTER COUNTY WERE HELD 

MINUTES OF OCTOBER MEETING 



VOL. XIX. NO. 8. 
PRICE TWENTY-FIVE CENTS PER COPY 



LANCASTER, PA. 

1915. 



PAPERS READ 



BEFORE THE 



LANCASTER COONTY BISTOHICAL SOCIETY 



FRIDAY, OCT. 1, 1915. 



J^istorg f)pr0elf, as seen in i)et oton toocfestop." 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE HAVING CHARGE OF 
THE MARKING OF THE SITE OF THE POSTLE- 
THWAITE TAVERN WHERE THE FIRST COURTS 
OF JUSTICE IN LANCASTER COUNTY WERE HELD 

MINUTES OF OCTOBER MEETING 



VOL. XIX. NO. 8. 
PRICE TWENTY-FIVE CENTS PER COPY 



LANCASTER, PA. 
1915. 



Report of the Committee having Charge of the Marking of 
the Site of the Postlethwaite Tavern where the First 
Courts of Justice in Lancaster County were Held - - - 219 

Minutes of October Meeting 302 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE 

Having in Ciiarge the Marking of the 

Site of the Postlethwaite Tavern 

Where the First Courts of 

Justice in Lancaster 

County Were 

Held 

To the President and Members of 
the Lancaster County Historical So- 
ciety: 

Your committee, appointed to com- 
memorate, in a suitable manner, the 
holding of our County's first Courts, at 
Postlethwaite's, in Conestoga Town- 
ship, in 1729, respectfully report: 

That pursuant to their appointment 
and to the duty committed to them, 
they met and organized and held sev- 
eral meetings and augmented their 
numbers by the addition of citizens of 
Conestoga and adjacent townships; 
and created from the total number 
several sub-committees. They met at 
the place, where the Courts were an- 
ciently held, and arranged with Mr. 
Geo. Fehl, owner, to hold a meeting, 
October 8th, 1915, to commemorate the 
event for which task they were ap- 
pointed. 

The sub-committees were: 

Committee on Descendants of Pion- 
eers — A- K. Hostetter, chair- 
man; Harry S. Stehman, John 
Warfel, John Urban, Amos N. 
Landis, Walter Hess, Henry H. Hess, 
A. S. Bender, Jacob Hoak, Daniel 
Herr, George Fehl, H. G. Rush, D. H 
Landis, John Shank, Daniel Witmer, 
A. R. Caldwell. 

(219) 



(220) 

Programme Committee — F. R. Dif- 
fenderffer, chairman; George Murray, 
Andrew Zercher, Abram Harnish, 
Charles Warfel, J. W. Gardner, Joha 
Burkhart, James W. Morison, H. Jus- 
tin Roddy, of Millersville; Ross Wea- 
ver, Darius Eckman. 

Boulder and Tablet Committee — D. 
F. Magee, chairman; Harry Hoak, A 
S. Dombach, Edward Ruth, Noah Shu 
man, Henry Herr, Jacob Hess, Harry 
Miller, Albert Kauffman.Christ. Thom- 
as and Al. Stehman. 

Committee on preparation for meet- 
ing — Harry Fehl, chairman; M. C. 
Eshleman, joint chairman; Alvin 
Murray, John McAllister, David M. 
Landis, Daniel Shank, Harry Stauffer, 
Maris H. Groff, Harry Warfel, B. 
Frank Markley, Jacob Erisman, Henry 
Clark, Daniel Forry, Eli Herr, Eli 
Kendig, John Kendig, Tobias Steh- 
man, H. B. Kready, Elam Herr and 
Benjamin Bender. 

Your committee at an early date 
began searching for a suitable boulder 
to erect at the home of Mr. Fehl (now 
the owner of Postlethwaite's, about 
half mile east of Rock Hill, where the 
early Courts were held) and found 
that the most practical thing was to 
have a big rock blasted out of Mr. A. 
S. Dombach's quarry, at Rock Hill. 
Together with five or six faithful citi- 
zens of Conestoga township, near 
Rock Hill, and with the aid of Mr. 
Dombach and men furnished by Mr. 
Ed. Ruth, they spent one day blast- 
ing out the rock — one day in "squib- 
bing" it into shape — one day in dress- 
ing a flat face upon it — and one day 
in hauling and erecting it. 

The boulder consists of a seven-ton 
limestone rock, and is set on a concrete 
foundation four feet deep. It stands 
nearly seven feet high, is about five 
feet wide and two feet to two and one- 
half feet thick. All parties gave their 
services free. 



(221) 

Your committee secured a bronze 
plate from the Monumental Bronze Co., 
of Bridgeport, Conn., inscribed as will 
hereafter appear. The proper sub- 
committee attended to securing seats, 
erecting a platform and preparing for 
the meeting. And the sub-committee 
on programme provided and carried 
out the following exercises: 

The Programme. 

Music, Conestoga Cornet Band; un- 
veiling of boulder, Harriet May and 
Grace Martha Shuman, twin grand- 
children of George Fehl; presentation 
of boulder and tablet, D. F. Magee, 
Esq.; acceptance, Harry Fehl; presi- 
dent's remarks, Henry S. Stehman; 
paper, "Postlethwaite's and Our First 
Courts," Hon. Charles I. Landis, presi- 
dent Judge of Courts; music, "Amer- 
ica," by school children and audience, 
accompanied by the band; address, 
"German-Swiss Influence in Lower 
Conestoga Valley," Mr. A. S. Benedict; 
music, by the band; paper, "English 
and Scotch-Irish Pioneers of Old Con- 
estoga and Their Descendants," Mr. A. 
K. Hostetter; address, "Old Conestoga 
Neighbors, 1715-1729," H. Frank Eshle- 
man, Esq.; Music, "How Firm a 
Foundation," audience, accompanied 
by the band; address, "Postlethwaite 
Family After 1750," Mr. C. E. Postle- 
thwaite; benediction, Rev. Thomas 
Roberts, pastor of the Methodist 
Church. 

The Unveiling. 

Thursday night it rained and Fri- 
day morning was cloudy; but by 9:30 
the sun began to appear and by 11 
o'clock the weather was bright, clear 
and cool. The afternoon was all one 
could wish. The audience began ar- 
riving from all directions about 12:30 
o'clock, in autos, carriages, in jitneys 
and auto-trucks from trolley stations, 
etc., and by 1:30 p. m. about 1,500 per- 



( 222 ) 

sons were present, including Con- 
estoga township and Millersville 
Model School pupils. Led by 

the band, the children, gaily- 
decked with flags, inarched by and 
countermarched, before the boulder 
and the unveiling took place, as the 
first feature of the programme. 

The Shuman twins, little tots of two 
years, by silken ribbons, separated 
the flags which covered the rock, and 
the inscribed boulder stood forth with 
the flags fallen at its base, in massive 
grace, fair proportion and artistic 
finish. 

Presentation Address. 

Then followed the presentation by 
D. F. Magee, Esq., as follows: 

It is with pride and pleasure I open 
the ceremonies to-day, and on behalf 
of the Lancaster County Historical 
Society present to this community and 
to this county the handsome monu- 
ment here erected to commemorate 
the momentous event that happened 
here one hundred and eighty-six 
years ago. 

This boulder, liewn from the rocks 
upon which these hills and slopes 
have grown in the ages long past, 
and this plate of bronze that can 
never rust or decay shall remain here 
to tell the story to the generations 
now unborn that here in the great 
Commonwealth, I may well say, of 
Lancaster her rugged and heroic 
pioneers by act and deed declared that 
within her borders law and order 
should prevail, even justice should be 
done, life and property rights be pro- 
tected and made secure and safe. 

By this act and at this spot thus 
were laid the very foundations of 
order, justice, government and liberty. 

From that day to this all these es- 
sentials to life, liberty and the en- 
joyment of happiness have ever been 
maintained in our grand old county, 



(223) 

and with an even hand justice admin- 
istered to all the inhabitants thereof. 

It is a grand lesson for you children 
to learn, it was a notable deed the 
remembrance of which you peoplu 
should ever cherish. 

And now 1 present this monument 
to all of the peoples of Lancaster 
county and especially to the citizens 
of Conestoga township, and through 
you, Harry Pehl, to the family of 
George Fehl, we deliver its care and 
protection, and to his descendants and 
to all future possessors of the Postle- 
thwaite farm we deliver it in charge. 

And, in conclusion, I say to you little 
children, Harriet May and Grace 
Martha Shuman, draw aside the veil 
and uncover to all the people that 
they may see tribute and monument to 
the worth of their sires which the 
Historical Society presents. 

The Acceptance. 

The marker was accepted by Harry 
Fehl, son of the owner of the prem- 
ises, in doing which he promised, in 
the name of the family and genera- 
tions, present and future, to take pa- 
triotic care of the same. He thanked 
the Society and the citizens for the 
enterprise of marking the spot where 
the county's first activities began, and 
said it was an honor to all concerned 
and attested the loyalty of our people 
to their home county and to its tra- 
ditions. 

This done,the entire assemblage, led 
by the band the parade of Ihe sciiool 
children, marched to the Fehl orchard, 
where President Henry S. Stehman 
took charge of the meeting. 

Assemblage Convenes in Orchard. 

On assuming the gavel and calling 
the meeting to order, he spoke as fol- 
logs: 

Ladies and Gentleman: In accepting 



( 224 ) 

the exalted position, tendered me to- 
day, I wish to say that I should con- 
sider myself neither fair nor just if I 
were to regard this merely as a per- 
sonal honor, however freely it may 
have been bestowed. I believe that it 
was given me as an acknowledgment 
of a fitting gift bestowed, out of respect 
to one of the oldest families of this 
district, where the events of long ago 
took place; and I accept it in that 
spirit. Having thus placed the honor 
where in my judgment it rightly be- 
longs, I ask you to pardon me Vv'hen, 
in returning thanks, I bespeak the 
gratitude in full measure not only ou 
behalf of tiie ancient family favored, 
but also on behalf of the whole of our 
historic and beloved bailiwick, the 
township of Conestoga. 

Judge Landis' Address. 

The president then introduced Hon. 
Charles I. Landis, President Judge of 
the Courts of Lancaster County, who 
delivered an exhaustive paper on 
" Postlethwaite's and Our First 
Courts"; as follows: 
Mr. President,Ladies and Gentlemen: 

The positive location of historical 
places, and the narration of the pub- 
lic events which have arisen in and 
around them, should always excit? 
our interest, and their value cannot 
be overestimated by us. A full de- 
scription of v/hatever pertains to our 
local history fixes it in permanent 
form for future reference, and there- 
by preserves facts likely to be soon 
forgotten, for the generations yet to 
come. The members of the Lancas- 
ter County Historical Society merit 
commendation for the valuable work 
which they have accomplished in tiiis 
direction, and now the good people of 
this vicinity, who have co-operated 
and aided in this celebration, are en- 
titled, for their efforts, to a full share 



[ 225 ) 

of praise. Considering tliat it is upon 
this spot that the legal iiistory of the 
county had its birth, and that in the 
house within your sight the Courts 
likely first undertook to administer 
justice, is it not fitting that the place 
be marked by a stone wiiich will 
stand with the everlasting hills, upon 
which is placed, in tablet form, the 
record of this important happening? 
By Section 11, of Article 1, of the 
Constitution of Pennsylvania, it is de- 
clared that "all Courts shall be open; 
and every man for an injury done him 
in his lands, goods, persons or reputa- 
tion, shall have remedy by due course 
of law, and right and justice adminis- 
tered without sale, denial or delay." 
In the history of the world, no matter 
wiiethcr a monarchial or democratic 
form of government has been su- 
preme,the preservation of liberty and 
property iias ever been vested in the 
legal tribunals. The legislative branch 
of the government may pass laws, but 
none of those laws executes them- 
selves. It is the Courts who are 
brought in to render legislative en- 
actments effective, and the Constitu- 
tion itself must be interpreted by ju- 
dicial power. The Courts are, there- 
fore, the sheet anchor of the people's 
rights. Men may at times scoff and 
criticise; they may deride and 
censure the occupants of judicial 
places, but they can never escape the 
authority which has imposed in the 
Judges the power to supervise and 
control everytiiing they hold dear, 
even to life itself. It is true that, oc- 
casionally. Judges have abused their 
functions, and have cruelly and un- 
justly administered the law. R.arely, 
however, have such instances arisen. 
The history of our own and every 
ether county is marked by upright 
lawgivers, who, like beacons on the 
shore, have given notice of the rocks 



(226) 

and shallows which lie along the way. 
The establisiiment of the Courts in 
this county was, therefore, the most 
significant event which has occurred 
within its history. 

At the time of which we speak the 
Judges were not necessarily lawyers, 
that is, men learned in the law. 
Everything done by them was, how- 
ever, conducted according to the well- 
known forms of the common law, as 
brought to the Province from Eng- 
land. A competent number of justices 
were nominated and authorized in 
each county by the Governor or Lieu- 
tenant-jGovernor, and any three of 
them were empowered to act. Under 
the Act of May 10, 1729, which was 
entitled, "An Act for erecting the 
upper parts of the Province of Penn- 
sylvania lying towards Susquehanna, 
Conestogoe, Donegal, etc, into a 
county," it was provided "That all 
and singular the lands within the 
province of Pennsylvania lying to the 
northward of Octorara creek and to 
the westward of a line of marked trees 
running from the north branch of the 
said Octorara creek northeasterly to 
the river Schuylkill, be erected into a 
county, and the same is hereby erect- 
ed into a county, named and from 
henceforth to be called Lancaster 
county; and the said Octorara creek 
the line of marked trees and the river 
Schuvlkill aforesaid shall be (the) 
boundary line or division between the 
said county and the counties of Ches- 
ter and Philadelnhia." By the sec- 
ond section of the Act it was de- 
clared that "the said county of Lan- 
caster shall have and enioy all and 
singular the jurisdictions, powers, 
rights, liberties, privileges and im- 
munities whatsoever which any other 
county within the province of Penn- 
sylvania doth, may or ought to enjoy 



(227) 

by any charter of privileges or the 
laws of this province or by any other 
ways or means whatsoever, excepting 
only in the number of representatives 
to serve in the general assembly." 
And by the fifth section it was further 
enacted, "That the several courts of 
general quarter sessions of the peace 
and goal delivery and the courts of 
common pleas for the said county of 
Lancaster shall be holden and kept 
on the first Tuesday in the months of 
February, May, August and Novem- 
ber in every year at some proper 
place within the said county until a 
convenient Court House shall be 
built, and when the same is built and 
erected in the county aforesaid the 
said several courts shall then be hol- 
den and kept at the said Court House 
on the days before mentioned." Ca- 
leb Pearce, John Wright, Thomas Ed- 
wards and James Mitchell, or any 
three of them, were authorized to pur- 
chase a piece of land, to be approved 
by the Governor, in trust and for the 
use of the said county, and thereon to 
erect and build, or cause to be erected 
and built, a Court House and prison 
sufficient to accommodate the public 
service of the said county. For de- 
fraying the charges of purchasing the 
land and building and erecting the 
Court House and prison, the Com- 
missioners and assessors of the said 
county, or a majority of them, were 
required to assess and levy so much 
money as the trustees, or any three 
of them, should judge necessary; pro- 
vided, however, that the sum so raised 
should not exceed three hundred 
pounds, current money of the pro- 
vince. By a subsequent Act, passed 
February 6, 1731, the Commissioners 
and assessors were authorized to raise 
an additional sum of £300, in the 
same manner, for the same purposes. 



(228) 

It must not, however, be under- 
stood that the building and spot which 
we are now marking was the one to 
which this money was applied. While 
it is said in Rupp's History of Lan- 
caster county that a temporary Court 
House of logs was erected at Postleth- 
waite's, it would appear more likely 
that the tavern was so changed as to 
make it convenient for the purpose of 
holding the Courts, and this conclu- 
sion has, I think, been generally 
adopted. I find in the minute book of 
the Commissioners of Lancaster 
county, under date of February 4, 
1729, the following entry: "Ordered 
that John Postlethwaite be allowed 
the sum of £11, 19s, 10 d, being for 
his attendance and provisions on the 
Commissioners appointed by Gover- 
nor and Council for the running the 
division line between the County of 
Chester and County aforesaid, £11 
19s. lOd. And likewise the sum of £7 
to be paid him out of the next assess- 
ment, being the full allowance for 
building a Court House for the county 
service until such time as another 
shall be built by the Commissioners 
appointed for that use, £7." The suirt 
thus appropriated would appear to be 
inadequate, even in that day, to cover 
the cost of a building suitable for tnis 
purpose." 

John Postlethwaite was an Englisii- 
man by birth. He settled in Chester 
county. Pa., some time between 1709 
and 1713. It is said that he was the 
son of George Postlethwaite, of 
Millom, Cumberland county, England, 
He kept an ordinary near the Con- 
estoga on the Great Road which led 
from Philadelphia tiirough the Gap to 
the Indian town in the Manor. In 
1718 Conestoga township was laid off, 
embracing all that part of what Is 
now Lancaster county between Octo- 



(229) 

raro creek and the main branch of 
the Conestoga. Postlethwaite must 
have come to Conestoga after that 
date, because his name does not ap- 
pear in tile list of taxables of that 
township for the year 1718. His name, 
however, does appear in the lists for 
the years 1724, 1725 and 1726. In Au- 
gust, 1727, his name appears in the 
list of licenses granted by the Court 
of Quarter Sessions of Chester coun- 
ty, and on June 20, 1728, he gave his 
bend, with Andrew Cornish and Mich- 
ael Micjiaelson, in the sum of £20 
each. Our records show that he was 
licensed by the Court of Quarter Ses- 
sions of Lancaster county from 1729 
to 1736, inclusive. In those early 
days it was not the custom to present 
a formal petition every year, but 
those who previously obtained li- 
censes gave their names to the Clerk 
for a renewal, and, if there v/ere no 
complaints, the licenses were contin- 
ued, as of course. The bonds were 
probably renewed. That he was an 
intelligent and influential settler is 
evident, because he was chosen as 
the first Treasurer of the county,and 
in 1746 he was one of the Justices, 
The newly-appointed magistrates, 
when a meeting was called to deter- 
mine the names and boundaries of 
the townships, met at Postlethwaite's, 
and their leport, which was present- 
ed to the Justices at that same place, 
on August 5, 1729, was confirmed. 
Postlethwaite was, in 1739, an Indian 
trader, as he received a license for 
that year. He was one of the com- 
missioners that ran the preliminary 
line between Maryland and Pennsyl- 
vania in May, 1739, and he was one 
of the Overseers of the Poor in 1843. 
He was a member of the Grand Jury 
of the county in 1733, 1737 and 1746. 
He was also a member of St. James' 
Episcopal Church, at Lancaster, and 



{ 230) 

one of its first wardens. He must 
have died sometime between 1748 
aad 1750, for it is recited in a deed 
from Benjamin Priqe, goldsmith, and 
Susanna, his wife, to Joseph Pugh, 
dated April 16, 1752, that a certain 
tripartite indenture had been made 
en the seventh day of Decem- 
ber, 1750, between William Pos- 
tletiiwaite, eldest son and heir- 
at-law of John Postlethwaite, de- 
ceased; John Miller and Benjamin 
Price, and also tiiat John Postle- 
thwaite, in and by his last will and 
testament, bearing date the 22d day 
of February, 1748-49, gave and devis- 
ed, inter alia, to his son, William Pos- 
tlethwaite a tract of land on the Con- 
estoga creek, containing 120 acres. 
I have not been able to learn where 
he was buried. There was an old 
graveyard on the original tract, 
not far from the Postletiiwaite house, 
but all the tombstones have long 
since disappeared, and there is no 
means now of proving whether or not 
his remains lie buried there. Seeing 
the importance of obtaining the coun- 
ty seat, he invited the magistrates 
and some of the prominent settlers 
to meet at iiis ordinary, to consider 
the subject, and he there provided 
the temporary quarters in which to 
hold the Courts. His tavern was 
widely known in that day, and, as it 
v^as A'ery near the center of popula- 
tion of the county, it was regarded by 
many, on that account, as being tne 
most eligible location for the seat of 
justice. Other places were also 
urged. Among tJhese was Wright's 
Ferry. So confident was Robert Bar- 
ber, the first Sheriff of the county, 
v.'ho resided at that place, that it 
would be selected, that he had a 
strong wooden building put up near 
his residence, which was intended for 
a county jail. The minute book of 



(231) 

the commissioners (No 1) shows that 
on February 4, 1729-30, it was "order- 
ed that Robert Barber be allowed 
the sum of £5, by order of Court.for 
building a prison for the aforesaid 
county service, with a further allow- 
ance out of the next assessment as 
the commissioners and assessors 
shall see meet; the Treasurer to pay 
the same." Again in 1730, it was "or- 
dered that Robert Barber be allowed 
the sum of £3 toward the building 
of the new jail at his house." There 
was aloo a place called Gibson's tavern 
which was advocated, and which ulti- 
mately succeeded in carrying off the 
prize. This place was where the 
town of Lancaster was soon after 
laid out. 

The Court met for the first time in 
the county on the first Tuesday in 
August (August 5), 1729. George II. 
was then king, for George I. died in 
1727, while on a journey to Hanover. 
No. 1 docket of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas opens as follows: "At a 
Court of Common Pleas held at John 
Postlethwaite's In Conestogoe the 
first Tuesday in August in the Third 
year of the Reign of our Sovereign 
Lord George King of Great Britain 
France & Ireland Defender of the 
Faith &c 1729." The Justices who 
sat were John Wright, Tobias Hen- 
dricks, Andrew Cornish, Thomas 
Read, and Samuel Jones. John Wrigiit 
presided. The first suit brought was 
by John Brubaker, plaintiff, against 
John Jones, defendant, and judgment 
was entered in favor of the plaintiff 
for £10. The records show that suit 
No. 5 was won by John Taylor against 
Chicsconicon, who was likely an In- 
dian. The Court sat at Postle- 
thwaite's during August and Novem- 
ber terms, 1729, and February, May 
and August terms, 1730. To August 
term,1729, eleven cases were brought; 



(232) 

to November term, 1729, thirteen 
cases; to February term, 1730, seven 
cases; to May term, 1730, eighteen 
cases, and to August term, 1730, fif- 
teen cases. At the November term, 
172S, the Justices who sat were John 
Wrightj, Tobias Hendricks, Thomas 
Edwards, Andrew Cornish and An- 
drew Galbraith; at the February 
term, 1730, Tobias Hendricks, Andrew 
Cornish, Samuel Jones, Caleb Pearce 
and Andrew Galbraith; at the May 
term, 1730, John Wright, Tobias Hen- 
dricks, Thomas Edwards, Thomas 
Read, Andrew Galbraith, Samuel 
Jones and Caleb Pearce, and at the 
August term, 1730, Tobias Hendricks, 
Andrew Cornish, Caleb Pearce, An- 
drew Galbraith and Samuel Jones. 
Wiienever John Wright was pres- 
ent he presided, and at the terms 
in which he was absent, Tobias Hen- 
dricks presided. I suppose that they 
occupied the presidency of the Court 
according to the seniority of their 
commissions. At the February term, 
1730, John Postlethwaite entered an 
action of attachment against John 
Phipps, and, under it, a horse belong- 
ing to the defendant was sold by the 
Sheriff, and the money arising from 
the sale was ordered to be produced 
by him at the next Court. At the 
May term, 1730, Postlethwaite 
brought an action against Newcomat 
and at the August term judgment 
was entered against the defendant. 
There appears to May term, 1732, an 
action brought by Postlethwaite, as 
assignee of Christian Mayer, against 
Walter Thedford, and another action, 
as assignee of Peter Chartier, against 
James Smith. He was also the plain- 
tiff in an action against George Knas- 
ley, to August term, 1732. On the 
docket to November term, 1729, there 
appears a case of Isaac Miranda 
figainst John Lawrence, and to Au- 
gust term, 1730, a case of James Lo- 



(233) 

gan against Jamesi Letort. In the 
latter suit Letort appeared in open 
Court and signed the docket, con- 
fessing judgment in favor of the plain- 
tiff for £484 18s 6d, with costs. Isaac 
Miranda was an Indian trader. He set- 
tled on Conoy creek in 1715. He 
died in 1732. His daughter, Mary, is 
said to have married Governor James 
Hamilton, the founder of Lancaster, 
but the weight of the testimony is, 
I think, contrary to this contention. 
Isaac Miranda in his will, dated June 
20, 1732, left Hamilton a large tract 
of land, if he married his daughter, 
but I have found no proof that the 
Governor .acce'pted the proposition, 
and that the marriage actually took 
place. On the contrary when Hamil- 
ton died his estate went to collateral 
relatives. James Logan was evidently 
the well-known Secretary of the Prov- 
ince, and he resided in the city of 
Philadelphia up to the time of his 
death. His life has been written by 
others, and it is unnecessary to go 
into any detail concerning it James 
Letort was the son of Captain Jacques 
LeTort and his wife, Annie LeTort. 
Captain LeTort and his wife were 
Huguenot refugees, who came to 
Pennsylvania from London in 1686. 
In March, 1704, Madame LeTort lived 
at Conestoga. James Letort was an 
Indian trader, and in 1728 he lived at 
Chenastry, on the west branch of 
the Susquehanna, not far above Sha- 
mokin. He, either before this time 
or afterwards, settled at Letort 
Springs, Cumberland county, and built 
there a trading post,which afterwards 
became the site of Carlisle. He was 
one of the earliest, if not the first, of 
the Shamokin traders that followed 
the Delaware Indians westward of 
the Alleghenies. 

At the Court of Quarter Sessions, 
held on the first Tuesday in August, 
1729, the township lines of the seven- 



(234) 

teen townships in the county, as 
"agreed upon by the magistrates and 
inhabitants" of the county on June 9, 
1729, were confirmed, and constables 
were duly appointed for each one of 
them. The first case that was tried 
in that Court was Duus Rex (George 
II) vs. Morris Canady. The defendant 
was indicted for having stolen £14 
7s, the goods of one Daniel Cookson. 
He was found guilty by a jury, and 
he was sentenced to pay "the said 
sum of £14 7s, and the costs of prose- 
cution, together with £2 18s allowed 
to Daiiel Cookson for loss of time, 
charges and disbursements in appre- 
hending and prosecuting the tiiief." 
He was also sentenced to be publicly 
whipped on his bare back with 
twenty-one stripes well laid on. The 
latter punishment might prove now a 
more effective remedy against crime 
than some of the methods for the up- 
lifting of criminals advocated by Re- 
formers in these so-called enlightened 
days. 

In 1729 there were but three law- 
yers at the Lancaster bar, Joseph 
Growden, Ralph Asketon and John 
Emterson. In 1731 Edward Harris and 
John Moland were admitted, and in 
1732, Francis Sherrard. The names 
of these gentlemen appear in the re- 
cord of the litigation of that period. 

I have not more fully referred to the 
cases brought while the court sat at 
Postlethwaite's, because, at least so 
far as the civil calendar is concerned, 
H. Frank Eshleman, Esq., has, with 
considerable fulness, placed them on 
the records of this Society, and the 
repetition of what he has written 
would serve no useful purpose. 

It is said that an Indian wigwam 
first occupied the site where the 
Postlethwaite tavern was built. In 
the minutes of a meeting of the Com- 



( 235 ) 

missioners of Property, dated August 
4, 1715 (O. S.), an entry appears: 
"Warrants were signed at several 
times to Robert Hodgsen and James 
Hendriclts" for "2 warrants for 3,500 
acres at Conestoga at £10 per ct." 
In Patent Boolt S, volume 6, page 225, 
in the office of the Secretary of Inter- 
nal Affairs at Harrisburg, it is re- 
cited that there was surveyed and laid 
out to James Hendricks by virtue of 
a warrant dated December 17, 1714 
(0. S.), a tract of land on the east side 
of the Conestoga creek, containing 
1,100 acres. This survey was never 
returned to the office. In the Patent 
Book it appears that James Hen- 
dricks, by deed, dated January 22, 
1727, sold to John Postlethwaite and 
Tobias Hendricks 300 acres, and that 
shortly afterwards John Postleth- 
waite and Tobias Hendricks divided 
this land, of which division John 
Postlethwaite, in two tracts, received 
170 acres. There is a deed upon the 
records of this county, dated Novem- 
ber 13, 1738, from Tobias Hendricks 
to John Postlethwaite, wherein, in 
consideration of £200, Hendricks 
conveyed to Postlethwaite 130 acres, 
"beginning at the elm tree by Cones- 
toga, at a corner of the said John 
Postlethwaite's land." It seems that 
this is the tract of land upon which 
the ordinary and Court House were 
located, and it may be that, while the 
sale took place at an earlier period, 
the deed was not then executed and 
delivered. With the other land be- 
longing to Postlethwaite we are not 
at this time so much concerned. The 
name of Postlethwaite's wife was 
Mary. I cannot find out her maiden 
name. They had six children, viz: 
William, John, Susanna, wife of Ben- 
jamin Price, Samuel, Edmund and 
Richard. It is said that he bequeathed 



(236) 

his estate to his children, but, if he 
did. the will was not recorded in the 
oiTice of our Register of Wills. If the 
will is upon record, which I doubt, it 
must have been proven somewhere 
eis-e than in Lancaster cjUEty. He 
owned five tracts of land ri (xnestoga 
township, aggregating ahout 500 
acres. By virtue of the Act of Febru- 
ary 6, 1730-31, or some otiier act ex- 
tending its provisions, he borrowed, 
on October 15, 1742, from the Trus- 
tees of the General Loan Office of 
Pennsylvania, on this land, the sum 
of £247, and he gave a mortgage 
upon the property to secure the pay- 
ment of the money thus obtained. 
Wiien the debt became due the pay- 
ments were not met according to the 
stipulations of the mortgage, and the 
loan commissioners thereupon, after 
his death, foreclosed the mortgage 
and sold the land to Joseph Pugh. 
They executed a deed to Pugh for the 
same, bearing date June 10, 1756. At 
the time of making tiie sale the loan 
Commissioners made it a part of the 
conditions of their sale that who- 
ever should purchase the mortgaged 
lands should execute deeds in fee 
simple to the children of John Pos- 
tlethwaite, for their respective shares 
as bequeathed to them by the will of 
their father, John Postlethwaite, and, 
while Pugh did not make deeds di- 
rect, in strict accordance with this 
agreement, the children eitlier trans- 
ferred to him their rights, or the 
sales which he subsequently made 
were confirmed by them. Thus, on 
October 28. 1761, John, Samuel and 
Edmund Postlethwaite, three of his 
sons, gave a release and quit-claim 
deed to Tobias Stehman for 197 acres 
of land which were included in the 
original holding of John Postle- 
thwaite. And on October 28, 1761, a 
like release and quit-claim deed was 



(237) 

made to Joseph. Pugh for 168 acres 
of land which. Pugh had sold to Bear, 
and which was likewise included 
therein. This latter release and quit- 
claim deed was executed by John and 
Samuel Postlet'hwaite. Mrs. Susan- 
:^a Price and her husband, though 
named in these deeds, did not sign 
them, but her interest was evidently 
conveyed in some other way. All 
the proceedings in regard to the sale 
of the land were amicable between 
Joseph Pugh and the Postlethwaite 
children. He was their step-father, 
for a few years after Postlethwaite 
died he married the widow. The rec- 
ords of St. James' Episcopal Church 
show that on February 1, 1753, pew- 
No. 13 was assigned to Mary Pugh, 
in the right of her former husband, 
John Postlethwaite. On December 4, 
1753, the Orphans' Court of this coun- 
ty appointed Joseph Pugh as guardian 
of John and Samuel Postlethwaite, 
and, at the same time, on his peti- 
tion, appointed James Wright, one 
of the loan commissioners, guardian 
of Edmund and Richard Postle- 
thwaite. On September 7, 1756, when 
Edmund arrived at the age of four- 
teen years, he also selected Joseph 
Pugh as his guardian, and the ap- 
pointment was made. I can find no 
accounts of these guardianships, nor 
are there any releases from the heirs 
to the guardians on record. Pugh 
was Sheriff of Lancaster county from 
1755 to 1757, and some time between 
1760 and July 5, 1770, he moved to 
Frederick county, Va. A deed made 
by him on the latter date makes no 
mention of his wife. The records of 
baptism of St. James Church from 
1757 to 17S3 have unfortunately dis- 
appeared, and the early records oC 
the interments, if there ever were 
any, can.not be found. It is well- 
1-cnown that there were many persons 



( 238 ) 

buried ia St. James Graveyard whose 
graves are unmarked. 

WilliaiD Postleihwaite.who is men- 
tioned as the eldest son, lived, at least 
for a while, in Lancaster city. He 
was a member of St. James' Episcopal 
Church. He was of age in 1750, for 
he was then, as has been stated, a 
party to a tripartite deed between 
himself, John Miller and Benjamin 
Price. On December 7, 1750, his 
brotiier-inlaw, Benjamin Price, and 
his sister, Susanna Price, conveyed 
to him a house and lot of ground lo- 
cated on the north side of East King 
street, in rhe borough of Lancaster, 
near Centre Square, and also two 
small pieces of land in the rear. Thla 
property he, with his wife, Hannah, 
conveyed on August 14, 1751, to 
James Murphy. I have not been able 
to find out the surname of his wife. 
He then disappears, and where he 
went to I cannot ascertain. 

John Postlethwaite, the son of JoJln 
Postlethwaite, was bom in 1737. He 
first married Hajmaji Wright, and 
afterward Susannaii Irwin. He ser- 
ved in the Revolutionary War as a 
private. He was for a number of 
years a warden of St. James' Episco- 
pal Church in Lancaster, and was 
also a charter member of the 
Juliana Library. He finally re- 
moved to Mifflin county, and settled 
in Long Hollow, Wayne township. 
Tradition says that he purchased his 
homestead for a horse and $10. He 
died and was buried there on October 
6. 1802. 

Samuel Postlethwaite was born iu 
1738. On October 11, 1760, he mar- 
ried Matilda Rose, a daughter of 
Joseph Rose, barrister, who emigrated 
from Ireland. He was then a cap- 
tain in the provincial militia^ He 
subsequently served in the war of 
the Revolution, wherein he reached 



(239) 

the rank of Colonel. He moved to 
Cumberland county about 1781, and 
he was chosen Sheriff of that county 
on October 2, 1783. He was the first 
commander of the Carlisle Barracks. 
He, too, was a charter member of the 
Juliana Library. He died on August 
24, 1810. 

I cannot find any mention of either 
Edmund or Richard, except in the 
guardianship proceedings referred to 
above. 

On April 26, 1762, Tobias Stehman 
deeded 73 acres, and on April 2, 1771, 
he deeded 22 acres and 102 perches, 
both included in his purchases from 
Pugh and the Postlethwaite's, to An- 
drew (Feal) Fehl. On August 8, 1792, 
Andrew Fehl and wife made a deed 
for the 73 acres tract to Jacob Fehl, 
his son. On December 24, 1805, the 
same tract, which was then described 
as 82 acres, 2 quarters and 29 perches, 
was sold by William White, High 
Sheriff of Lancaster county, as the 
property of Jacob Fehl, to John Good. 
John Good and wife signed a transfer 
for this same land on the back of the 
last mentioned deed to Daniel Good, 
but though this transfer was record- 
ed, it was never delivered, and, there- 
fore, Daniel Good and his wife and 
John Good and his wife subsequently, 
on March 24, 1838, granted and con- 
veyed the said tract to Jacob Fehl, 
the son of the Jacob Fehl above men- 
tioned. The latter in turn, with his 
wife, on April 1, 1876, conveyed this 
land to his son, George J. Fehl, who 
is its present possessor, and in whose 
ownership it has been now for almost 
forty years. As all of you know, you 
are now standing upon that land. 

At a council held at Philadelphia, on 
February 19, 1730, the Honorable Pat- 
rick Gordon, Lieutenant-Governor, 
"acquainted the board that whereas 



(240) 

by the law for erecting Lancaster 
county John Wright, Caleb Pearce, 
Thomas Edwards and James Mitchell, 
or any three of them, are empowered 
to purchase, for the use of the said 
county, a convenient piece of land, to 
be approved of by the Governor, and 
thereon to build a Court House and 
prison, have, by a certificate under 
their hands, signified that they have 
agreed upon a lot of land for the uses 
aforesaid, lying on or near a small 
run of water between the plantations 
3f Roody Mire, Michael Shank and 
Jacob Imble, about ten miles from 
Susquehanna river, and pray his ap- 
probation of the same. The Governor 
thereupon referred the matter to the 
consideration of the board whether 
the situation of the place those gentle- 
men had pitched on for a town might 
be fit to be confirmed and that a town 
should accordingly be fixed there. 
But the question being asked to whom 
the land they had made choice of be- 
longs and who has the property of it, 
because it may be in such hands as 
will not part with it, or at least on 
reasonable terms, for that use, and 
this not being known by any of the 
board, it was deferred until such time 
as that point could be ascertained. 
But as it is presumed, for anything 
that is known, to be his surveyed 
land, and that the right is only in the 
proprietary, it is the opinion of the 
board that it is more proper to be 
granted by the proprietary for such 
uses than by any other person." At- 
tached subsequently to the minutes of 
the same meeting appears the entry: 
"The Governor having understood 
that the right to the land pitched upon 
for the town stead of Lancaster re- 
mains yet in the Proprietaries, was 
advised to approve the place agreed 
on by Messrs. Wright, Pearce and 



(241) 

Mitchell, and the same was confirmed 
accordingly by a writing dated May 1, 
1730." 

By a deed dated May 16, 1730, An- 
drew Hamilton, of the city of Phila- 
delphia, and Ann, his wife, deeded to 
Caleb Pearce, John Wright, Thomas 
Edwards and John Mitchell, the per- 
sons designated in the Act of May 
10, 1729, a lot of ground, whereon the 
Court House was to be erected, situ- 
ated within the public square, near 
the center of the town of Lancaster, 
"Beginning at a post by High street, 
thence east 3 degrees north, 66 feet, 
thence north 3 degrees west, 66 feet, 
thence west 3 degrees, 66 feet, thence 
south 3 degrees east, 66 feet, to the 
place of beginning. Containing 484 
yards, and bounded by the said 
street and public square on each 
side. ' And also a lot of ground 
whereon a prison was to be erected, 
situated at the south end of North 
Water Square, beginning at a post 
by High street, tiience by the same, 
east 3 degrees north, 148 feet to a 
post at a corner of the said street to 
Water street, thence by Water street, 
rorth 3 degrees west, 120 feet, thence 
by other land of the said Andrew 
Hamilton, west 3 degrees south, 148 
feet, and thence south — degrees 
east, 120 feet to the place of begin- 
ning. Containing 65 percnes.' 

The Courts were moved from Pos- 
tlethwaite's to Lancaster in 1730, and 
the first session was held at the lat- 
ter place on November 3 of that year. 
It is certain that there was no Court 
House erected in Lancaster at that 
time. Where the Courts were tem- 
pararily held is not shown in any of 
the histories, nor in the county rec- 
ords. The Court House tli^re was 
commenced in 1731, for, in a letter 
dated October 3, 1731, written by 
Samuel Blunston to Robert Charles, 



(242) 

it is said: "About a week ago several 
of the magistrates met at Lancaster 
to assist in raising the Court House." 
The first entry in the minute book 
of the County Commissioners con- 
cerning the Court House at Lancas- 
ter is dated November 3, 1737. It is 
as follows: "The Comrs. mett & con- 
sidered about getting the couTt house 
finished and ordered the clerk to giv» 
notice to Cornelius Vorhaltz to attend 
at Lancaster on the 11th of this inst. 
to show why he doath not go on with 
the work. Then they adjourned to 
meet at Lancaster on the lltii day 
of this inst." On November 11th there 
is another entry: "The Comrs. mett 
butt Cornelius Vorhaltz did not at- 
tend. They have therefore agreed 
with Samuel Bethel for bricks to pave 
the florres of the court house as also 
to gett scaffold powles for the car- 
penter to shingle the pent housis of 
the court house, and having tiiat 
Samuel Blunston, Esq., notified to be 
at Lancaster to-morrow morning. 
They were desirous to have his ad- 
vice about the finishing of the bars. 
They therefore adjourned to to-mor- 
row morning." 

"November 12. The Comrs. mett. 
Samuel Blunston, Esq., was in town, 
who assisted in advice, and it was re- 
solved that the bench that uow is and 
the barr should be taken down and al- 
tered and two turned posts should be 
afixed under the girders, which is to 
done before the floor be paved there. 
They sent to Cornelius Vorhaltz, the 
carpenter, immediately to go on with 
his part of the work." 

William Marsh, secretary of the 
Commissioners of Maryland, who at- 
tended at the making of the Treaty 
with the Six Nations on June 25, 1744, 
and for some succeeding days, 
writes in his diary as of June 21, 
1744: "Messrs. Calvert, Craddock and 



(243) 

myself went into and viewed tlie 
court liouse of tiiis town. It is a 
pretty large brick building, two 
stories high. The ground room where 
the justices of this county hold their 
court is very spacious. There is a 
handsome bench and railed in where- 
on they sit and a chair in the midst 
of it which is filled by the judge. Be- 
low this bench is a large table of 
half-oval form. Round this and un- 
der their worships sit the county 
clerk and several attorneys of the 
court, who, here, as well as in most 
other Courts of the plantations,plead 
as counsellors. There are particular 
seats and places allotted to the sher- 
iff, crier, &c. Fronting the justices' 
ben^h and on each side of it are se- 
veral long steps or stairs raised each 
above the other, like the steps lead- 
ing into the north door of St. Paul's. 
On these steps stand the several au- 
ditors and spectators when a court 
is held nere. It was on these that 
the Indian chiefs sat when they 
treated with the several governments. 
This court house is capable to con- 
tain above 800 persons without in- 
commoding each other. When we 
had surveyed this room we went up- 
stairs into one overhead. This is a 
good room and has a large chimney. 
In this the justices sit in the month 
of February for the convenience of 
the fire. Adjoining to this room is 
a smaller one, where the juries are 
kept to agree on their verdict. On 
the top of the court house is a kind 
of cupola. We ascended a ladder and 
got into it. From hence we had a 
complete view of the whole town and 
the country several miles around and 
likewise of part of the Susquehanna 
river at twelve miles distance." Mr. 
Marsh, of course, was wrong when 
he thought he saw the Susquehanna 
river. 



(244) 

On or about June 9, 1784, this Court 
House was destroyed by fire. A new 
one in its place was commenced in 
Centre Square, in the same year, and 
it was completed by February, 1787. 
This building is described as follows: 

"This second Court House, which 
also occupied Centre Square at Lan- 
caster, was a two-storied structure, 
having four faces and four gables, 
facing respectively towards North 
Queen, East King, South Queen, and 
West King streets, that facing south- 
ward being then considered its main 
front. The building was of brick, but 
its eight corners were laid up of 
blocks of cut stone and the lintels and 
window-sills were of the same ma- 
terial. From the centre of the shin- 
gled roof rose a steeple or cupola, in 
which hung the bell, and on this the 
hours were struck by the hammer of 
the Eberman clock, which had four 
dials, fronting north, south, east, and 
west, like the gables of the building. 

"There were doors in the centre of 
each front of the building, but the 
principal entrance to the Court room, 
which occupied the entire lower 
story, was by the South Queen street 
front. The door on the North Queen 
street side was never opened, that end 
of the Court room being occupied by 
the Judges' bench. The west door 
was seldom opened, except when there 
was a great crowd in attendance, and 
the east door was used principally by 
the attorneys and Court officers, and 
by persons having business in the 
rooms in the second story of the 
building. At the north end of the 
Court room was the Judges' bench, 
placed on a platform raised some two 
or three feet above the floor. The 
bench was reached by a flight of steps 
placed at the east and west ends of 
the platform. In front of the bench 






Enchsts ^eo- r'fil hact pa^t if /4i aetes . /3i ■- ■ - ^■ 






'y^''^' ^^ 




. - __ Loitesiofa- 

Far Lzhcas-^er CocU^, /S, 



L 






Map of Postlethwaite Tract. 



(246) 

was a convenient desk for the use of 
the Judges. At the west end of the 
desk was the witness stand, a little 
crib raised a step or two above the 
floor, just large enough for one man 
to get into, and close beside it was the 
seat of the crier. The 'bar' occupied 
a semi-circular space of some twenty- 
feet in diameter, immediately in front 
of the bench. It was raised one step 
above the Court room floor, and in- 
closed by a high and strong railing. 
On the east side of the inclosure were 
placed seats for the grand jury, and 
on the west seats for the petit jury. 
In front of the juries were two long 
tables, and about two dozen chairs for 
the use of the lawyers. Access to the 
bar was had through a wicket at the 
south end of the inclosure, and here 
were placed two tipstaves with their 
official 'poles,' to keep order and pre* 
vent the intrusion of improper per- 
sons. Inside the bar, to the west of 
this wicket, was the prisoners' dock, 
inclosed by an additional railing. 

"On the east and west sides of the 
bar were a few rows of benches, rais- 
ed one above the other, and facing in- 
ward, for the accommodation of jurors 
and witnesses awaiting their turn to 
be called. The southern half of the 
Court room was for the public gen- 
erally, and was supplied with long 
rows of benches rising one above the 
other, and facing the bench and bar. 
* * * The walls of the Court room 
were quite plain, but were relieved by 
a very heavy moulding running 
around the ceiling, while at equal 
distances from the east and west 
doors arose two fluted columns, to 
support the weight of the heavy gir- 
der that extended from the east to the 
west wall. Above the Judges' bench 
was a very well-executed painting of 
the coat of arms of Pennsylvania. 



( 247 ) 

"The second story of the Court 
House was divided into three rooms, 
access to which was had by a circular 
stairway, built just inside the east 
entrance to the main Court room. 
Ascending this stairway, a landing 
was reached opening into the three 
rooms, the larger of which occupied 
the western half of the building, and 
was used for holding District and Or- 
phans' Courts. The other two rooms 
occupied the eastern half of the build- 
ing, and were used for jury rooms, 
meetings of City Councils, school 
board, etc. These rooms were heated 
by wood fires in old-fashioned fire- 
places built in the corners of them." 

In this building, besides the hold- 
ing of the Court, the Legislature met 
while Lancaster was the capital of the 
State, from 1799 to 1812. 

On August 23, 1852, the corner 
stone of the present Court House was 
laid by S. Sloan, architect, and Jas. 
Crawford, superintendent. The build- 
ing was first occupied for the hold- 
ing of the Courts on November 20, 
1854. The addition on the north end 
of the same was commenced Novem- 
Der 1, 1896, and it was completed 
about January 1, 1900. 

While much more might be added 
to this sketch, yet I feel that I have 
sufficiently taxed your patience. In 
extenuation of the length of time that 
I have taken in presenting it to you, 
I must plead that it is to me a most 
interesting story, and one with which 
I think every citizen of our county 
should be acquainted. I make no pre- 
tense that what is here set down is 
new, for hov/ can any one hope to" 
bring to light new things after a lapse 
of almost 200 years? There are, how- 
ever, a few historical facts relating- 
to the subject which have not yet 
been enscribed in our journals, and 
their presentation, perhaps, may 



(248) 

serve as a sufficient excuse for the 
retelling of the incidents which have 
heretofore been noted. 

An Address By A. S. Benedict. 

After "America," by the audience 
and band, Mr. A. S. Benedict, of Con- 
estoga, read a pleasing paper, ou 
"German-Swiss Influence in Lower 
ConestO'ga Valley," as follows: 

Neighbors of old Conestoga, after 
having been assigned the topic, "Ger- 
man-Swiss Influence in Lower Cones- 
toga Valley," I first wondered why so 
many German-Swiss came to Penn- 
sylvania. 

If you will review the early his- 
tory, you will find, as early as 1671, 
Wm. Penn was in Germany preach- 
ing the religion he loved, and win- 
ning honest men to this cause. Again 
in 1677 he traveled over Europe, and 
preached -lis principles of peace to a 
war-weary people. 

It was no small task to preach and 
suffer in a strange land. Penn did 
this so nobly that he won the love 
and gratitude of many Germans, and 
with them he kept his word as sa- 
credly as he did with the Indians. It 
v/as a great moment in Penn's life 
when he faced the Indians, unarmed, 
under the Shackamaxon Elm. It was 
a greater moment when he preached 
his way into the hearts of the Ger- 
mans aloni^ the RJhine. 

This is why Pennsylvania became 
the most important German settle- 
ment in the New World. The true 
history of their mutual love and help- 
fulness is the unwritten story of the 
rapid growth of the grand old Key- 
stone State. 

These Germans that came to Penn- 
sylvania were not an ignorant people. 



( 249 ) 

They were the most learned settlers 
that came to America. The first 
Speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives, F. A. Muhlenberg, and eight 
Governors of Pennsylvania, had Ger- 
man blood in their veins. Among 
these early German settlers were 
such men a® Christopher Sauer, of 
Germantown, the first great printer 
in America. In 1743, thirty-nine years 
before the Bible was printed in Eng- 
lish, the Germans of Pennsylvania 
were reading the German Bible from 
the press of the learned Dr. Sauer. 

Another German oif note in those 
ways was Christopiher Dock. He was 
a good scholar, a devout Mennonite, 
and a school teacher. 

Dock's schools were famous among 
the Germans of the Schuylkill Valley. 
His Dunker friend, Christopher Sauer, 
persuaded iiim to write and print a 
description of his method of keeping 
school. Dock at first refused, tear- 
ing it v/ould be sinful to write any- 
thing in his own praise. His minis- 
ter, Dielman Kolb, removed his scru- 
ples on this score, and Dock com- 
pleted the work August 8, 1750. 

He then said he would not allow it 
to be printed during ihis lifetime, but 
nineteen years afterv/ard Christopher 
Sauer's son won Dock's consent to 
print it. But the manuscript was lost. 
Dock wrote to young Sauer: "Do not 
trouble yourself about the lost writ- 
ing. It has never been my opinion 
that it should be printed during my 
lifetime, and so I am pleased that it is 
lost." 

But a year later it was found, and 
was published by the young Sauer in 
1770. 

This book wag the first written and 
published in America on school 
teaching. 



( 250 ) 

It is pleasant, indeed, to follow 
these early German-'Swiss settlers 
Vrestward through the fertile valleys 
and over the pleasant slopes of our 
own great county of Lancaster, and, 
in our historical cruise stop a wiiile 
at Ephrata, v/here the second great 
printing establishment was located. 
Here and at Germantown many relig- 
ious works, a newspaper and and al- 
manac v/ere printed and widely read. 

We follow them on into ancient 
Conestoga tov/nship, and even into 
our homes. 

Taking up the public spirit of our 
German-Swiss on the lov/er Cones- 
toga, which included the original Con- 
estoga, Pequea and Manor townships, 
I have collected these facts: 

Among the German^Swiss holding 
township offices for Overseers of the 
Foor, Town Clerk Supervisors and 
Auditors during the one hundred 
years from 1740 to 1840, in Conestoga 
township, which includes Pequea, the 
Good family held offices for 31 terms; 
Bachmans, 17; Hesses, 20; Myers, 15; 
Millers, 10; Warfels, 16; Urbans, 11; 
Shenks, 11; Thomases, 6; Stehmans, 
5; Rathfons, 6; Mussers, 10; Kendigs, 
8; Haversticks, 7; Gochenaurs, 5; 
Fehls, 5; Brennemans, 11; Bears, 11, 
and also others a similar number of 
terms of office. 

As to Justices of the Peace in Con- 
estoga we have Germans holding of- 
fice, among others, as follows: Mar- 
tins, 1845-74; Fehls, '54, '59, '64, '69; 
Urbans, '61, '66, '71, '76; Fultons, '42, 
'47, '52, and others. 

The German-'Swiss were zealous 
enough to hold a fair amount ol 
county offices. Michael Shenk, Com- 
missioner, 1804; Jacob McAllister, 
1832; John Warfel, Legislature, 1842; 



(251) 

Hugh Mehaffe/y, Register of Wills, 
1836-39; Jacob Peters, State Legisla- 
ture, 1860; John W. Urban, Clerk of 
Quarter Sessions, 1872-74; Amos 
Groff, Coroner, 1875-77; John P. Good, 
Recorder, 1880-82. 

When we turn to landowners In 
Conestoga township, for the year 
1780, we find the Bear family owned 
180 acres; Brennemans, 450 acres; 
Burldiolders, 180; Eshlemans, 640; 
Fehls, 100; Hesses, 649; Kendigs, 
3G5; Kreiders, 305; Uines, 200; Myers, 
220; Millers, 480; Resh, 240; Rath- 
fons, 285; Stehmans, 725; Shenks, 
580; Urbans, 300, and Warfels, 160 
acres. 

As to the value of our German- 
Sv/iss landowners' estates in 1780, 
we find that Bear's real estate was 
assessed at £10,000, Michael Bren- 
neman's at £6,000, David, Joan and 
Benedict Eshleman's at £26,000; 
Samuel Myers, £8,800; Tobias Steh- 
man's at £14,000, and Michael 
Shenk's at £6,000. 

As to tlie German^Swiss predomi- 
nation in Manor township, we find 
out of 280 heads of families, 15 v/ere 
English or Scotch-Irish, and the other 
265 were German^Swiss. 

When we turn to the Germans of 
Manor township, taking in the public 
affairs and official life, we find that 
in the Legislature of Pennsylvania 
there were Jacob Krimmel, 1803-1807; 
Jacob Shuman, 1845-1846; Abram 
Peters, 1861. Jacob Stehman was 
State Senator in 1854. 

There are now only a fev/ figures 
I wish to read which will show our 
comparative standing in Lancaster 
county today. These figures will 
show to v/hat extent these German 
descendants, or to what extent you 
have developed Conestoga, how an- 



(252) 

cient Conestoga stands in Lancaster 
county at the present time. 

You have at present 1,131 land- 
owners, owning! one-seventeenth of 
the number of acres in the entire 
county. 

You have one-fourteenth of the 
horses, representing one-thirteenth of 
the value of tiie horses in the entire 
county. 

You have one-thirteenth of the cat- 
tle, representing one-fouiteenth of the 
value of the cattle of the entire 
county. 

You pay one-seventeenth of the 
county tax; you have one-sixteenth 
of all the money at interest. 

You pay one-fifteenth of the per- 
sonal taxes.. You have within the 
borders of ancient Conestoga town- 
ship forty schools, whicii measure up 
from every viewpoint to any schools 
in the other rural districts of Lan- 
caster county. 

You have a corps of teachers within 
those schools that have developed to 
sucii a degree of efficiency that their 
marks show that they are among the 
best in the county. 

Thanks to the teachers and the pu- 
pils, and to the directors and the par- 
ents in aiding the teachers in bring- 
ing out tiie schools of the township, 
and showing their true German holi- 
day spirit. 

As to the patriotism displayed by 
the Germau-Sv/iss of Conestoga town- 
ship, out of the ninety soldiers en- 
listed during the Civil War, sixty-two 
were German-Swiss. In the militia 
to protect the State of Pennsylvania, 
there v/ere forty German-Swiss out of 
a total of forty-seven. 

The Germans, as a people were 
not of an inventive turn of mind, but 
in the art of development, tiiey were 
past masters. 



( 253 ) 

The large landowner was not alone 
in work of development. The farm 
laborer, the mechanic, the business 
and professional men share an equal 
amount of credit. 

As a rule, the German settlers 
stuck to the soil. As an example of 
the German landowner, I will men- 
tion the Stehman family, who, for 156 
years, have owned land along the Old 
Road, and within the borders of an- 
cient Conestoga township. 

Just one day less than one hundred 
years before the birth of our presi- 
dent, H. S. Stehman, his great-great- 
grandfather, Jacob Stehman, was 
born. He built the old hotel at Slack- 
water, and also the grist mill, which 
afterwards was converted into the 
paper mill. He afterwards purchased 
the farm now owned by Charles War- 
fel. 

We find tiiat all succeeding genera- 
tions of the Stehmans stuck to tho 
soil until at present we have H. S. 
Stehman, Tobias Stehman, Albert 
Stehman, Frank Stehman, repre- 
senting the sixth and seventh gen- 
erations, owning five farms along the 
Old Road, and v/ithin the borders of 
ancient Conestoga township. 

As a German laborer, I will men- 
tion Isaac Hoak, quite lately deceased- 
This man was born on the farm now 
owned by Frank Stehman, but at the 
time of his birth by Tobias Stehman. 
For seventy years Isaac Hoak first 
played, then labored for four genera- 
tions of Stehmans, on Stehman soil. 
Only two years did he spend in labor 
for other men. I do not believe ther» 
is another case parallel to it in the 
county, possibly not in tlie State. 
Does that not show in the life of that 
man, as well as in the lives of his 
employers, a spirit that is invariably 
crowned with success 



( 254 ) 

As an example of the strictly Swiss 
family, I will mention the Pfautz fam- 
ily. The first of this family landed 
in Philadelphia prior to 1709. Six 
generation? of his posterity lived in 
ancient Conestoga township, all till- 
ing the soil as owners or laborers. 

Now, neighbors of old Conestoga, 
you as descendants of the German- 
Swiss of earlier days, have progressed 
along financial, industrial and educa- 
tional lines. You have toiled and 
helped to build up the produce markei;s 
of Lancaster, until they have become 
the best in the country. The products 
from this particular section are asked 
for and sought out by our unban popu- 
lation. The proceeds therefrom have 
been deposited in our county banks, 
which has resulted in making our 
forty-eight banks worth the enormous 
sum of $48,000,000. 

Through your industry you have 
helped to make Lancaster the greatest 
cattle market, east of Chicago. 

You have helped to give Lancaster 
county a political standing so high 
that the flashing of her returns upon 
the canvass are as eagerly watohed for 
as are the best districts of Philadel- 
phia or Pittsburgh. You have helped 
to build a wonderful county and made 
her stand out so that she can be 
easily viewed from every part of the 
Keystone State. 

You were willing to give your lives 
during the greatest of civil strifes. 
You have fought your way through 
until you can say that you have been 
a great factor in building the "Garden 
Spot" of the nation. 

You, as German-Swiss descendants 
in all these achievements have done 
your part well and succeess has 
crowned your efforts. Well you may be 
proud of the part you liave taken in 
building a township like Conestoga, a 
county like Lancaster, and a State like 
Pennsylvania. 



( 255 ) 

A. K. Hostetter's Address. 

After music by the band, A. K. 
Hostetter read an erudite paper on 
"English and Scotch-Irish Pioneers of 
Old Conestoga and Their Descend- 
ants." He spoke as follows: 

By scanning the historic pages of 
early Lancaster county we find that 
among the pioneer settlers in this lo- 
cality were numerous families which 
came here from the British Isles. We 
also find, however, that for some rea- 
son they did not remain here long, 
most of them migrating from here to 
the neighborhood of the "Donegal 
Meeting-house," around which were 
grouped many of their old-time 
friends, most of whom were Presbyte- 
rians, and perhaps selected that lo- 
cality eo as to be near their place of 
worship. From thence they scattered 
to points farther west, some going to 
Cumberland, Juniata and Allegheny 
counties, while others pushed still 
farther into the undeveloped country 
of the Middle Western States. 

History tells us that there were no 
white settlers in Lancaster county be- 
fore 1708 or 09. However, there were 
a few traders scattered along the Sus- 
quehanna as early as 1703, these being 
Peter Bazilion, Jos. Jessop,, James 
Letort and Martin Chartier, all 

French; one, Mitchell, a Swiss; 

Nicole Godin, an active young fellow, 
reputed to be a sneak, and one, Frau- 
ciscus. In 1705, Thos. Chalkley, an 
eminent Quaker preacher, of Notting- 
ham, Chester county, made a visit ro 
Conestoga, preaching to the Indians 
(through an interpreter) of the 
crucifixion of Christ and the saving 
power of Jesus. In 1706, Governor 
John Evans, who had come to Amer- 
ica with Penn, fearing that the In- 
dians at Conestoga might be alienated 



(256) 

on account of the warfare between 
the French and English, visited" this 
place and was warmly received. In 
1707 Governor Evans again visited 
Conestoga, but on this visit he was 
found to he a traitor, for he was per- 
mitting French Papists from Canada 
to trade with the Indians and seduce 
them from the English interests. In 
this, as well as other instances, it was 
shown that he was guilty of conduct 
far heneath the dignity of his posi- 
tion; so much so that the Legislature 
sent a petition to England asking for 
his removal, which request was grant- 
ed, and Charles Gookin was named as 
his successor. 

In 1709 Governor Gookin made his 
first visit to Conestoga and was much 
impressed with the attachment the 
Indians showed toward the English. 

In 1711 he made a second visit to 
this place. 

In 1715 Rev. Chalkley again visited 
and preached to these Indians. 

In 1717, Sir William Kieth, who suc- 
ceeded Governor Gookin, visited Con- 
estoga, as he also did in 1722. 

Having told you about the various 
visits made by the early English 
pioneers to this vicinity, we are now 
about to take up the subject of In- 
dian traders, and, if possible, trace 
the line of descent of the English and 
Scotch-Irish down to the present gen- 
eration. 

It is always interesting to note the 
movement of population, ai^d to trace 
the records of early settlers and set- 
tlements in any locality, particularly 
when the period covered is several 
centuries as in the case in this in- 
stance. However, to forge a connecting 
link between the families of those 
early pioneers and those of the pres- 
ent generation is an undertaking of 
no diminutive degree. 



( 257 ) 

The earliest Indian traders to locate 
here were Canadian Frenchmen, the 
first of whom was Martin Chartier, 
who married an Indian squaw, and in 
1708 died and was buried in Washing- 
ton Borough, leaving all his property 
to his son, Peter, who likewise mar- 
ried an Indian squaw. Then followed 
Joseph Jessop, Peter Bazilion and 
James Letort. After the Frenclimon 
came the two Cartlidge brothers, Ed- 
mond and John, the only Quakers who 
were known to be traders. They re- 
sided in Chester county as early as 
1698. 

We now reach that part in the his- 
toric annals of our county when the 
Scotch-Irish and English appear on 
the frontier. In the list of taxables 
for 1718, we find that forty-one Eng- 
lishmen had previously located here- 
abouts, including the single men, or 
freemen, as they are significantly 
called. 

Among these we find that James 
Patterson, a native of Salisbury, Eng- 
land, located in Conestoga-Manor, 
about one mile east of Washington 
Borough, where he had a trading post; 
also, large tracts of land on the east 
and west sides of the river. The west- 
ern part of his land was cleared and 
fenced for grazing. It was here where 
he kept his pack horses with which 
he "jrought his purchased pelts from 
along the Potomac. The Governor of 
Maryland, claiming all the land west 
of the Susquehanna as part of their 
domain, sent Colonel Cresap, with his 
band of ruflaans, to take possession of 
this western tract. Cresap began lay- 
ing claim by killing Patterson's horses. 
Patterson made a vigorous defense, 
saying that he would wade in blood 
up to his knees before he would al- 
low Cresap to drive him away from 
there. These troubles, however, broke 



(258) 

up the west side trading post, which 
was a great loss to Patterson. This 
was the beginning of the border 
troubles, which led to Cresaps' war. 
Patterson died at his home in Manor 
in 1735. To his son, James, he be- 
queathed three hundred acres, in the 
Cumberland Valley. He left another 
son, Thomas, who died young; also, 
three daughters — ^Susanna, who mar- 
ried an Indian trader, James Lowery, 
of Donegal; =Sarah, who married Benj. 
Chambers, a native of Ireland, who 
landed in Philadelphia in 1726, at the 
age of eighteen. Being a millwright, h** 
was attracted, by the description of a 
hunter, to a fine water-fall at the 
mouth :>f the "Falling Spring," where 
he erected, first, a saw-mill, and later 
a flouring mill, much needed industries 
which soon influenced new settlements 
in tlie vicinity. 

Here, in 1764, he laid out the town 
of Chambersburg. He was commis- 
sioned as Justice of the Peace; also, a 
Colonel of the Militia. His sons, 
James, William and Benjamin, entered 
the Revolution at its outbreak, in 
1775. James was advanced to the 
position of colonel, while William and 
Benjamin became captains. 

Colonel Benjamin died in 1788, aged 
about eighty. The third of Patterson's 
daughters, Rebecca, married John 
Keagy, of the old mansion farm. Dr. 
John Keagy, the eminent educator and 
author, was a descendent. One of the 
leading practitioners of the Lancaster 
Bar, Mr. John A. Coyle, is also a direct 
descendent of this family. 

Mr. Keagy died, after which his 
widow married James Jacks, who after 
the Revolution became Register of 
Wills. 

James Patterson died, after which 
his widow married twice — firstly, to 
Thomas Ewing, and afterwards to 



( 259 ) 

John Conolly, and became the mother 
of the notorious Dr. John Conolly, who 
was imprisoned in Philadelphia for his 
traitonous conduct toward the pa- 
triots in their struggle against Great 
Britain. 

Captain James Patterson settled on 
his Cumberland Valley farm until the 
Juniata Valley was opened up, when, 
in 1755, he got his warrant for 407 
acres at Mexico, which, in 1763, he 
had patented. His home was known 
as "Pattersons," and to the river boat- 
men it was known as "Patterson's 
Landing." He died here. His will 
was probated at Carlisle January 22, 
1722. His wife, Mary (Stewart), died 
in 1785, survived by the following 
named children, viz.: Captain William, 
James, Mary, Susanna and George. 
William (James, James) was married 
to Mary Galbraith, which marriage 
was blest with one son, Galbraith 
Patterson, who was born at Patter- 
son Fort, now Mexico, in 1776, who 
studied law with Jasper Yeates and 
was admitted to the Lancaster County 
Bar in 1789. He was admitted to the 
Dauphin County Bar shortly after- 
wards, where he attained consider- 
able prominence as one of the leading 
practitioners. He died in 1801. His 
widow married Jos. Orbison, of Cham- 
bersburg. Galbraith's marriage was 
blest with two children. Dr. Edmund 
B. Patterson, who practiced medicine 
at Lewistown, where he died in 1828, 
without issue, and Isabella, who 
married, firstly, David Maclay, and, 
secondly, Judge Alexander L. Hays, 
of Lancaster, who was born in Dela- 
ware, in 1793, graduated from Dick- 
inson College in 1812, was admitted 
to the Delaware County Bar m 
1815, practiced law in Philadelphia 
for one year and in Reading for six 
years. Wliile in Reading he married 



(260 ) 

Miss PattersoD. In 1827, Governor 
Schulz appointed him Associate Judge 
for Lancaster county, wliich office he 
held until 1833, in which year the dis- 
trict was divided, and Governor Wolf 
appointed him as President Judge of 
the District Court of Lancaster City 
and County, which office he held until 
1849, when that Court was abolished. 

William's wife, Mary, died, after 
which he married Esther Finley, a 
granddaughter of John Harris, and 
daughter of John Finley, who, in 
1744, guided Daniel Boone and his 
party into Kentucky. 

Mary (James, James) married Gen- 
eral James Potter, of Cumberland 
county, who, although having had a 
very limited education, the native 
force of his intellect and his hopeful 
tact in military and civil affairs was 
such as to bring him success in all 
his undertakings. Having been driven 
from his settlement by the Indians at 
the opening of the Revolution, he en- 
listed and was with Washington dur- 
ing the campaigns at Valley Forge and 
Brandywine, and many of Washing- 
ton's orders and letters are preserved 
among General Potter's papers. Af- 
ter years of military service, in 1782, 
he returned to his farms in Cumber- 
land county, which farms aggregated 
a^bout 900 acres. We find him as- 
sessed there with negroes, servants 
and other taxables, which indicate that 
he had attained great prominence. On 
one occasion he came within one vote 
Of being elected President of the State. 

General Potter's daughter, Mary, 
married Hon. Andrew Gregg, who. In 
1790, was elected a member of Con- 
gress, which office he held for sixteen 
years. During the term of 1806-07 he 
was a member of the United States 
Senate. 



(261) 

In December, 1820, under Governor 
Hiester, he became Secretary of the 
Commonwealth. In 1823 he was the 
nominee of the Federal party for Gov- 
ernor in opposition to John Andrew^ 
Shulze. His grandson, Hon. Andrew 
Gregg Curtin, a son of Roland Curtin. 
was born in Bellefonte in 1815; stud- 
ied law at Carlisle and BeHefonte; 
was admitted to the Bellefonte Bar 
in 1837; took an active part In the 
Harrison campaign in 1840; was ap' 
pointed Secretary of the Common- 
wealth by Governor Pollock in 1855. 
By virtue of this office he became Su- 
perintendent of Public Schools, dur- 
ing which time he made one of his 
most popular moves by the institu- 
tion of Normal Schools. In 1860 he 
was elected Governor of Pennsylva- 
nia. At the close of the war he made 
another, and, perhaps, the most popu- 
lar, move of his whole career by the 
establishment of Orphan Schools for 
the children of those who fell in the 
service of their country. In 1869 Pres- 
ident Grant appointed him Minister 
to Russia. George Patterson married 
Jane Burd, daughter of Colonel James 
Burd and Sarah Shippen, of (Titian) 
Highspire, Pa., who was a daughter 
of Edward Shippen, at that time pro- 
thonotary of Lancaster county. This 
Sarah Burd was a sister to Chief Jus 
tice Shippen, consequently aunt to 
the Judge's daughter, who a few- 
years later became so prominently 
identified in history as the wife of 
Benedict Arnold. 

Among the descendants of this fam- 
ily we find that George's daughter, 
Charlotte,married William Thompson, 
of Thompsontown, Pa., whose son, 
Theodore S., married Annie Elizabeth 
Cassel, of Marietta, he being the pro- 
prietor of the Thompsontown flouring 
mills which were established in 1780. 
They had a son, Edward Shippen 



(262) 

Thompson, who married Charlotte 
Patterson Crowthers, and following 
the line of descent we find that Wil- 
liam Haliburton Thomson married 
Charlotte Patterson, which now 
brings us to the eignth generation 
from our pioneer, James Patterson, 
and as a representative of that 
traach of the "family tree" we have 
Edward S. Thompson, a historian of 
Thompsontown, Pa. 

In the early part of the Nineteenth 
century there occurred in tie Patter- 
son family a romance which histor- 
ians have been very fond of alluding 
to, when Miss Elizabeth Spear Pat- 
terson (daughter of William Patter- 
son, who was then a prominent mer- 
chant in Baltimore) met in that city 
Jerome Bonaparte, the youngest 
brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, by 
whom she was wooed and won as a 
bride on December 27, 1803. Wheu 
the war broke out between France 
and England in 1803, Jerome was 
cruising off the West Indies, but was 
fcoon compelled to take refuge in the 
port of New York, from whence he 
went to Baltimore, where, it is said, 
he was successful only in one particu- 
lar, viz: That of a "drawingroom ar- 
tist." Miss Patterson was universally 
conceded to have been the belle of her 
day. She was beautiful, rich, and 
iiighly accomplished. Young Bona- 
parte, like many others, fell in love 
with her, which feeling was at once 
reciprocated by her, with the above 
lesult. 

After two years of married life he 
took his wife on a voyage to Eng- 
land. In tne meantime he had heard 
of his brotiier. Napoleon's indignation 
about this marriage, and, therefore, 
left his wife at Lisbon under a plea 
of ill-health, and went permanently to 
plead his case before the Emperor, 
who had been heard to swear that no 



( 263 ) 

Patterson should ever be a member 
of his family. He had the marriage 
annulled, and the young wife was 
never allowed to set foot on French 
soil 

Whi 8 in England she gave birth 
to a son, Jerome Bonaparte Patterson, 
after which she returned to again 
make her home in Baltimore. This 
son grew to manhood and was mar- 
ried to Susan Mary Williams, by 
whom he had two sons, Jerome Na- 
poleon Patterson and Charles Josepn 
Patterson. 

The latter matriculated at Harvard 
in 1871 with a degree of A. B., in 1874 
with the degree of LL.B., and at Mt. 
St. Mary's in 1882 with the degree of 
LL.D. He married Ellen Channing 
Day, of Newport, R. I., on September 
1, 1876; was admitted to the Balti- 
more Bar in 1874; was Secretary of 
the Navy under President Roosevelt's 
administration in 1905, and Attorney 
General from 1906 to 1909. 

I have previously stated that the 
first Quaker-Indian traders were the 
Cartlidge brotiiers (French), but the 
first English Quakers who became trad- 
ers here were James, John and To- 
bias Hendricks, from Chester. The 
first two named were here prior to 
1718, but we find no record of the 
date of Tobias' arrival here. How- 
ever, we find that several bonds of 
Tavern-keepers were taken by Tobias 
before the county was erected. The 
immense immigration into Pennsylva- 
nia caused the settlements on the 
frontier of the province to increase 
so rapidly that it was found necessary 
to have Chester county divided, and a 
number of petitions praying for the 
formation of a new county out of 
Chester were forwarded to the Gov- 
ernor. On February 20, 1729, tiie Gov- 
ernor issued an order for such di- 
vision, and the formation of the pro- 



( 264 ) 

posed new county. Tobias Hendricks 
was named as one of the viewers to 
lay out such dividing line. We also 
find that Tobias was one of the pre- 
siding Judges at three terms of Court 
held at Postletiiwaite's — on Novem- 
ber 1, 1729; February 3, 1730, and Au- 
gust 4, 1730. In Will book A, Vol. 1, 
P. 39, of our Court recordsr we find 
that his will was probated in 1739, 
and that he was survived by Cather- 
ine, his wife, and eight children, 
among whom was Tobias, Jr., who 
settled in Cumberland county, and in 
1747 became tax collector for East 
Pennsboro township tliere. In 1760 
we find him listed there among the 
taxpayers. In the next generation we 
find that Tobias, Jr., had a son, Abra- 
ham, who married Ann Jamison, bota 
of whom are buried in the Presbyter- 
ian burying-ground at Ligonier, West- 
moreland county. 

They were survived by nine chil- 
dren, one of whom was John, who 
became one of the foremost citizens 
of his community. He was deputy 
surveyor of lands under Jackson and 
ran his first lines around his own 
pre-emption. He married Jane 
Thompson, a sister of Judge Alex. 
Thompson, a renowned jurist of the 
Franklin-Somerset-Fulton Bedford 

district. After his retirement from 
that official position his library be- 
came the law school of Marshall 
College of Mercersburg, at that tim3 
a prominent seat of learning in the 
town in which he lived. Frank 
Thomson, a son of this Judge 
Thomson, became vice-president of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. 
After the marriage of John Hen- 
dricks this name disappears from the 
annals oi Pennsylvania history. 
William Hendricks, an older brother, 
who had for some time been a pro- 
minent lawyer in Cincinnati, moved 



(265) 

to Indiana and became second Gover- 
nor of that State. He also served 
as a Member of Congress, and sub- 
sequently was United States Senator 
from that district. 

To show what prominence he hal 
attained in the Hoosier State, I beg 
to refer to Hendricks county, which 
was named in his honor. John and 
his bride soon followed William 
westward, locating near Zanesville, 
O., where Thomas, their oldest son, 
was born September 7, 1819. In 
1822 he settled on a farm which be- 
came part of the plot on which Shel- 
byville, Ind., was afterwards built. 

We have now reached the most 
prominent part of the Hendricks 
"Family Tree" when we refer to 
Thomas Andrew Hendricks, who in 
his early life, having shown an ar- 
dent love for books, was given all 
possible encouragement in that di- 
rection by his parents. After leav- 
ing his preparatory school, he was 
sent to Hanover College at Madison, 
graduating there in 1841. He then 
took up the study of law under 
Judge Major, one of the leading 
lawyers in Shelbyville, and later, un- 
der his uncle, Judge TJiompson. He 
was admitted to the Bar in 1843, and 
soon attained great prominence as a 
lawyer. In 1845 he became a mem- 
ber of the Legislature. 

In 1851 he was sent to Congress, 
which honor was again acorded him 
in 1853. From 1863 to 1869 he was 
United States Senator. In 1876 he 
became a candidate for Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States with Sam- 
uel J. Tilden, and is said to have 
been elected, but was counted out. 
Although he had now become a full- 
fledged politician, yet he had at no' 
time lost interest tn his profession; 
on the contrary, his reputation as a 
lawyer, was growing and he was be- 



( 266) 

coming all the more prominent as 
such. One of his most successful 
efforts in behalf of his client was that 
of Miller, an embezzling officer of the 
First National BanK of Indianapolis, 
in the United States Court, and the 
tact with which Mr. Hendricks han- 
dled the case showered the highest 
commendation on him. In 1884 Wil- 
liam A. Wallace, of Pennsylvania, 
again nominated him for Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States under 
Grover Cleveland's candidacy, and 
both candidates were duly elected. 
Mr. Hendricks took an active part tn 
this campaign, but in no State was 
he more of a favorite or were his 
services more eagerly solicited thau 
in Pennsylvania, where both lines of 
his ancestry had their roots. On 
one occasion, in making a stump 
speech in Philadelphia, he said: 
^'The war is over; the winds of 
heaven have blown away the smoke 
of battle. We are one people. One 
flag once more floats over us all. Ono 
constitution establishes the frame- 
work for us all. Let us in heart and 
in hand, in sentiment, in affection, 
and fraternity be agafn one people." 
Among the taxable of i7iS for Gon- 
estoga appears the name of Robert 
Middleton, a freeman, who evidently 
died about 1781, for in that year we 
find his will probated, and in it leara 
that he was survived by his wife, 
Mary, and three children, viz: John, 
who resided in Donegal; George, who 
by a Penn grant became the owner of 
a large tract of land in Martic town 
ship, and Jean. The only one of 
these having issue was John, who 
married Mary Moderwell. Their 
daughter, Mary, married John White- 
hill in 1783. They nad ten children, 
of whom John married Elizabeth Ca- 
meron. The first one of their eight 
children, Jane C, married Samuel 



(267) 

Redsecker. This now brings us down 
to the present generation when we 
refer to their daughter, Jane E. Red- 
secker, of this city, at present a 
member of the Lancaster County His- 
torical Society, as the widow of the 
late Samuel Slaymaker. The sur- 
viving children of this family are Miss 
Rebecca J., Samuel R., one of Lancas- 
ter's prominent manufacturers, as the 
head of the Slaymaker Lock Manu- 
facturing Company, and Henry C, 
also members of this society. Miss 
Arabella W. Redsecker, of Columbia, 
and Samuel Redsecker, of this city, 
are also descendants of this branch 
of the family. 

Another of the early English trad- 
ers of tills section whose descendants 
cittained great prominence was Rob- 
ert Wilkins, who settled near Cones- 
toga in 1718, as indicated by a letter 
written by James Steel, the surveyor 
for Chester county, which county at 
that time included all of our present 
Lancaster county. It read as follows: 

Philada, 6th 1st Mo. 1727. 
"Loving friend Isaac Taylor: 

"Some time in September, 1718 
Robert Wilkins obtained a warrant 
J'or 150 acres of land near Conestoga 
as it was then called. Some time after 
he paid £10 of the purchase money, 
upon which he was allowed to add 50 
more acres. Now, Robert Wilkins 
having sold his rights in the said land 
to James Anderson the Presbyterian 
minister of those parts, who, finding 
the survey begun but not finished, he 
desires the same to be completed and 
if there be any vacancy adjoining 
that may accommodate him, I desire 
thee to include it for him and send a 
return into the Surveyor general's of- 
fice. 

"I am thy real well wishing friend 
"JAMES STEEL." 



( 268) 

In 1719 Robert Wilkins bougiit 300 
acres along the Susquehanna and laid 
out the town of Waterford, now Mari- 
etta. 

In 1727 he sold this tract to Rev. 
James Anderson. Thomas Wilkins, 
the oldest son of Robert, in 1718 took 
up 200 acres along the river, which he 
sold to John Lowrey and which after- 
wards became part of the Duffy es- 
tate. He then purchased the tract 
adjoining the Donegal meeting-house, 
which he later sold to Gordon How- 
ard. He died in 1747, leaving two 
sons and two daughters, viz: Andrew, 
John, Mary and Elizabeth. 

Robert's son, Peter, located in the 
Cumberland valley, where he died in 
1748, survived by his wife, Rachael, 
two sons, William and James, and 
one daughter, Margaret. 

John, the third son of Robert, was 
an Indian trader who owned several 
hundred acres adjoining Gordon How- 
ard's tract. He was the first man to 
take an aggressive stand against the 
Marylanders during tlie boundary diffi- 
culties. He was wounded several times. 
The Governor of Maryland offered $50 
for his arrest. John Hendricks, who 
had turned traitor to the Penns, le^ 
him into an ambush prepared by Cre- 
sap, where he was captured and im- 
prisoned in a filthy cell for many 
months in the Annapolis jail. He diecl 
in 1741, survived by his wife, Rach- 
ael, and five children. In 1742 his 
widow married John Ramsey,an uncle 
of David Ramsey, the noted historian, 
and a distinguished General in the 
Revolution. John Ramsey died in 
1746, and in 1751 his widow was 
again married to Gordon Howard by 
a Lutheran minister in Lancaster. In 
1755 her third husband died, after 
which she lived with her stepson, Jos. 
Howard, until she died. 

John Wilkins, Jr (John Robert), 



(269) 

was born in 1733, moved to Carlisle 
in 1763,when he was appointed a lieu- 
tenant for Cumberland county. in 
1773 he entered into the mercantile 
business in Bedford. At the outbreak 
of the Revolution he organized a com- 
pany of associates, and in 1776 was 
commissioned a captain, and as such 
p'ayed a prominent part in the bat- 
tles of Brandywine and Germantown. 
In 1783 he moved to Pittsburgh and 
opened a store at the northeast cor- 
ner of Fourth and Wood streets. Upon 
the organization of Allegheny county, 
he was appointed one of the Associ- 
ated Judges of the Court, serving as 
a member of the supreme executive 
council in 1790. He was chief burgess 
of Pittsburgh, commissioner of public 
buildings, and County Treasurer from 
1794 to 1803. He died in Pittsburgh in 
1809, and was survived by General 
John and Hon. William Wilkins. The 
former was born in 1761; was an of- 
ficer in the Revolution; Brigadier 
General during the Whiskey Insurrec- 
tion, and was prominent in the his- 
tory of Western Pennsylvania. He 
died in 1816, survived by a son, John, 
who married Rachael Howard, and a 
daughter, Janet. 

Hon. William Wilkins was born 
1779. He was a Judge of the United 
States District Court for western 
Pennsylvania. In February 1810, 
when the population of Pittsburgh wa=5 
4,800, the "Bank of Pittsburgh" was 
organized and Judge William Wil- 
kins was elected its first President, 
and his portrait hangs on the walls 
of the bank, at this time. In Sep- 
tember, 1817 James Monroe, the fifth 
President of the United States,visited 
Pittsburgh and was entertained by 
Judge Wilkins at his elegant home. 

In 1816 better intercourse between 
Pittsburgh and the surrounding coun- 
try became so necessary that a char- 



(270) 

ter was obtained for the building of 
the Monongahela bridge, a wooden 
covered structure at a cost of nearly 
$100,000, and William Wilkins was 
chosen as one of the building com- 
mittee. He was a member of tho 
Legislature and United State Senate 
from 1831-34; was Minister to Russia 
in 1835; was member of Congress 
1843-4; Secretary of War under Pre- 
sident Harrison in 1844-5. 

Wilkinsburg, a town located about 
ten miles east of Pittsburgh and near 
to the old historic Braddock field, 
was founded by Judge Wilkins, and it 
was here that he erected for himself 
one of the most elegant houses of it? 
day. 

R. W. Guthrie, Esq., a prominent 
lawyer of Pittsburgh, and Hon. Geo 
W. Guthrie, at present a Minister to 
Japan, of the same city, are grand- 
sons of Judge Wilkins. 

Other names which we find in his- 
tory among these early pioneers are, 
Stephen Atkinson and his sons-in- 
law, Thomas Doyle, Joshua Minshall. 
Samuel Reed, his son, Matthew; the 
Clark brothers, Edward Pugh, Jehu 
Farrar, Adam Boyd, John Postle- 
thwaite and others, but the time al- 
lotted for this paper and its prepara 
tion will not permit of any further 
reference to them, more than to say 
that we feel highly honored by the 
attendance at this celebration of ten 
descendants of the Postlethwaite fam- 
ily from Missouri, Illinois and other 
distant points, one of whom, Mr. Clar- 
ence E. Postlethwaite, of Pittsburgh, 
Pa., has consented to read a paper to 
us this afternoon, from which we will 
learn a great deal of the history of 
this family. 

"Old Conestoga Neighbors." 
This was followed by an address on 
"Old Conestoga Neighbors — 1715- 



(271 ) 

1729," by H. Frank Eshleman, Esq. 
The address was as follows: 

Dear native county of Lancaster, 
we love you. Dear, beautiful, historic 
hills and vales of our fathers, our 
hearts are full because of your ancient 
story, which you have held in your 
bosom in silent dignity for two cen- 
turies and more. Dear skies of Con- 
estoga, we look into your pure, blue 
vaults, and say, blessed be the land 
you have watched and hovered over — 
smiling in its peace and progress for 
200 years. 

Good people of lower Conestoga Val- 
ley — of our imperial cpunty of Lancas- 
ter everywhere, and friends: It is 
right and proper that we give this 
day to a review of the work of the 
pioneers, and to extolling their virtues 
and their careers. True, not one of 
those whom we have studied or shall 
study, on this occasion, were rich in 
great estates and possessions. 

None of them were of social or 
political eminence, of a degree to at- 
tract the attention of America, or of 
the Province of Pennsylvania. None 
of them accomplished, in himself, any 
prodigious feats or acts that made him 
a Washington or a Lincoln, or an 
Edison in his times or in his com- 
munity. Nay, on the other hand, the 
greatest of them were comparatively 
humble — achieved only modest results 
— and when their last day's sun had 
set saw only the beginnings of a rude 
civilization accomplished. 

Yet, their lives and labors, taken 
in connection with the results of later 
generations that have followed, were 
not mean nor small, nor unimportant. 
Two reasons make this so. First, 
great geniuses — men of power and 
who have achieved much for the 
world — have descended from those 
modest pioneers, as we have learned 



(272) 

to-day. Not only that, but strong and 
virile generations of industrious and 
thrifty and clever men and women, 
by hundreds, have come from them, 
right on these acres round-about, and 
have made this a garden, a region of 
wealth and prosperity. The last two 
or three generations at least, living 
here, have done a great work. Per- 
haps, the first generation hereabouts 
did not accomplish much. Perhaps 
the great things were done by recent 
generations — by the modern men of 
skill and force, etc. May be, we are 
the greatest generation that ever lived 
here. Yet, without the humble ances- 
tor, the pioneer from whom we came — 
we and other modern generations, and 
the modern men of power and wealth 
and learning, who came from those 
primitive, plodding souls, would never 
have existed. Thus, as they lay at 
the source of all the goodness and 
greatness that followed, and made it 
possible, we should nold them in 
reverence, in gentle memory and ex- 
tol in them, the meed of gratitude that 
is logically just and due to them. Sec- 
ond — what has happened here in 200 
years is all a part of God's plan; and 
the humble beginnings of the life here 
under that plan are as sacred as the 
work being done here now. They 
were humble and poor, but when 
what God has designed for Conestoga 
Valley, for Lancaster county, for 
Pennsylvania, is considered as a 
whole, the work the pioneer did may 
be m:ore important than the part 
which we performed. 

When our county was created in 
1729, and her first Courts were held 
here, this was not simply a wilderness, 
inhabited only by Indians. Neither 
were the other valleys and hillsides 
south, east, north and west, to the 
edge of the Susquehanna, barren of 



( 273 ) 

civilized life and progress at that 
time. 

In 1729, the actual heart or center 
of Old Conestoga — ^that land which 
our eyes now actually behold, two or 
three miles in all directions — was 
dotted with homes of civilized man 
built a dozen to fifteen years before. 
Off to the east, in Pequea's valley, was 
the twenty-year-old German Swiss 
settlement, with Strasburg and Wil- 
low Street as sentinels at its eastern 
and western limits. To the west, the 
Conestoga Manor, laid out and settled, 
at least ten years before 1729, was 
smiling and blooming under the indus- 
trial touch and thrifty care of the 
sturdy German-Swiss Mennonite 
brethren of that great garden. Off 
northwest, ten miles, Wright's Ferry, 
just established a year or two before 
1729, was the healthy nucleus of the 
future Columbia; while farther on, up 
the Susquehanna, rugged Donegal was 
well-filled, at least a decade, by the 
Scotch-Irish pioneer, who worshipped 
and watched and worked and warred, 
while the German-Swiss tilled the in- 
terior valleys. The Hempfields and 
Manheim had felt the pulse of civilized 
life a few short years. The Earls had 
begun to awaken under the magic of 
the white man's plow. Lampeter and 
Strasburg regions had ten years at 
least of progress. The Valley of the 
Octoraro could boast of over 100 
farms. Old Drumore and Martic, car- 
rying within them their unborn 
daughters (Little Britain, Fulton and 
Providence), had throbbed, through a 
dozen years or more, with the active 
and hardy life of the buoyant Scotch- 
Irish. In fact, in 1729, this region of 
Susquehanna, Conestoga, Pequea, 
Octoraro and Chickies, just formed 
into a new county, had about 3,500 
white inhabitants.^ 



(274) 

Considerable history was made here 
before 1729. In 1638 Claybourne 
traded in this section. = Forty years 
before Penn reached Pennsylvania 
Conestoga river, with the Indians.' 
the Swedes carried on commerce upon 
About 1684 Penn himself visited this 
region.-* In 1690 he laid out plans for 
a small county on the Susquehanna, 
extending from the mouth of the Con- 
estoga, fifteen miles up the river, in 
which he designed a model city, to be 
a second Philadelphia, and drew up 
a complete plan of government for the 
same, which he recorded in 1703," in 
Philadelphia. In 1701 Penn made a 
second .iourney to the Susquehanna 
coming by way of Chesapeake Bay 
and going home by travelling up the 
Conestoga and on to its source and 
then by French Creek to Schuylkill 
and back to Philadelphia," in 1706 
Governor Evans and members of 
Council, etc., made a treaty with the 
Indians, here and at mouth of Pequea.' 
The next year, 1707,^ the Governor, 
with Col. French and Mitchel, Bezelion 
and others came here to make a sec- 
ond treaty and particularly held an 
important meeting at "Washington 
Borough.* In 1710 Governor Gookin 
and French and Worley visited the 
Indians here in a treaty." In 1711 an- 
other Indian treaty was held at In- 
diantown, partly to get them to agree 
not to harm the Swiss Mennonites 
who had recently settled at Pequea." 
In 1717, just as a settlement by whites 
here took shape, a great treaty was 
held at Indiantown, between the 
Governor and Council of Pennsylvania 
and the chiefs of the Conestogoes, the 
Delawares and the Shawanoes and the 
Ganawese to keep land matters peace- 
able." In 1720 James Logan and hig 
party came here and held an Indian 
treaty at John Cartlidge's house, to 



(275) 

prevent these Indians joining other In- 
dians in War." In 1721 Governor 
Keith and members of Council and 
eighty horsemen held a big treaty 
here at John Cartlidge's house, at 
which a large audience of the Men- 
nonite and other settlers were present, 
with the Conestogas and Iroquois In- 
dians and again in 1722." Also in 
1728 Governor Gordon and members 
of Council and about thirty others 
held a treaty here at the house of 
Andrew Cornish, a mile from Indian- 
town, and also at Indiantown." Thus 
we see a great deal of activity was 
going on here before 1729. 

In 1729 an ancient Swede road from 
the lower Delaware reached into Con- 
estoga." The "Great Conestoga 
Road" — the first great highway from 
Philadelphia to Susquehanna — had 
stretched out across our new shire over 
thirty miles, from Octoraro to Con- 
estoga, since 1714," just where it lies 
to-day, before your eyes — now over 
201 years old. And for three years, 
the new road from the Earls, to the 
head of Pequea, had been in use.'* 
Several mills were in operation in 
different sections of the county. But 
while all this development had taken 
place, as we have noticed, in various 
sections of the county before 1729, 
Lancaster town was not yet in exist- 
ence; all there was of that town then 
was a house or two built a year before." 
This region then was to become, for a 
little while, the county-seat because it 
was about fifteen years older than Lan- 
caster. But Conestoga was soon out- 
stripped when the Hamilton boom 
took place, where Lancaster now 
stands. 

Who were the Conestoga neighbors 
in 1729? When did they come here? 
Where did they live hereabouts? 

The assessed inhabitants of what is 



(276) 

now Lancaster County, in 1718, were 
129 male heads of families, and 12 
single men or 141 in all, about one- 
third English and two-third German.^" 
But there were some Welsh of 
Caernarvon and whites of other sec- 
tions also here. In 1722 the most 
thickly settled sections of Lancaster 
county were known as Conestoga, 
Donegal and Pequea, and they includ- 
ed seven-eighths of all the white people 
then in what is now our county.^ 
Donegal in 1722 had 92 male heads of 
families; Pequea had 42, and Cones- 
toga had 244.- In 1724 Pequea em- 
braced the land about the headwaters 
of Pequea creek, Donegal included all 
west of main Conestoga river (prin- 
cipally north of the site of Lancas- 
ter);" and in it lived a considerable 
number of German-Swiss, though most 
of the inhabitants were Scotch-Irish. 
Conestoga embraced all of our present 
county from the Susquehanna from 
and below the mouth of Pequea creek 
up to Columbia and northeastward of 
that width beyond Strasburg, Bird- 
in-Hand, the Earls and Ephrata, etc. 

Let us see who the old Conestoga 
neighbors were. They were, in na- 
tionality, Scotch-Irish, English and 
German-Swiss. They were, religiously, 
Episcopalian, Quaker, Presbyterian 
and Mennonite. They were industrial- 
ly farmers, merchants, millers, black- 
smiths, wheelwrights and tradesmen. 
In discussing these old Conestoga 
neighbors we shall try to keep within 
a radius of five or six miles of the 
spot where we now stand. 

Let us now drav/ a picture of this 
region all about us, within that radius, 
as it was 186 to 200 years ago. This 
is the 200th anniversary of the taking 
up the central tract of old Conestoga, 
where we now stand — the beginning of 
the little group of houses called Con- 



(277) 

estoga town, started in 1715 by James 
Hendricks, who in that year secured 
the right to 1,166 acres of land, reach- 
ing from Rock Hill up Conestoga 
river, eight miles— almost to Wabank 
and east along and south of "Steh- 
man's run," nearly to New Danville 
Old Mennonite Church.^ 

This settlement differed from the 
Pequea settlement to the east. While 
the Pequea colony, at Willow Street, 
were all Swiss Mennonites, the settle- 
ment on Conestoga consisted of a 
Scotch-Irish and English core, border- 
ing on both sides of that river, sur- 
rounded by scores of German-Swiss 
on all sides. 

Now who were these old Conestoga 
neighbors of Postlethwaite's time? 
Who lived within a radius of five or 
six miles from this place in the days 
when our first Courts were held here 
and before? 

Of English and Scotch-Irish resi- 
dents, starting with John Postle- 
thwaite and his grown up son.William, 
and passing up the Conestoga river on 
the eastern side, dwelling in con- 
secutive order on or near the "Great 
Road," there were: James Hendricks,'' 
John Hendricks, Tobias Hendricks, 
Thomas Baldwin,^^ Thomas Gale,-' 
George Gray,=« John LinvilP' (all own- 
ers of parts of the James Hendricks 
tract), John Parrer,'" Richard Grist,*^ 
John Grist,^! Wm. Hughes.'= Edmund 
Cartlidge,^ John Powell,^''' Thomas 
Doyle,"^ Stephen Atchison'^ and James 
Lewis.^' 

The Scotch-Irish and English people 
across from the above Postlethwaite's, 
on the Manor side, were Thomas and 
Reese Price, Alexander and Samuel 
Ritchey,^' Joshua Low,^ Daniel McCon- 
nell" and Alexander Beuse,^= practical- 
ly all of whose lands adjoined the 
stream. 



(278) 

On the Conestoga side, going down 
the stream from Postlethwaite's, 
there were Robert Wilkins,^ Thomas 
Wilkins," David Priest/^ James Daw- 
son,*^ Richard Carter," Patrick Kere- 
gan/' And some what separated from 
the others and over toward Pequea 
creek, near Susquehanna, were Peter 
Kline," Peter Creamer,"^ Francis Wor- 
ley," Joseph Rebman" and Robert 
Baker."* 

Going down the stream on the 
Manor side there were Samuel 
Ritchey,'* Andrew Cornish'" and John 
Cartledge,"' as English neighbors. 

Over to the east on Pequea creek 
the English and Scotch-Irish, begin- 
ning about the neighborhood of Mar- 
ticville and going down the creek, 
were: William and Rohert Middleton,"' 
Albert Hendricks,^' William Sherrell,"^' 
David Jones,*"* Samuel Jones,®^ John 
Robinson,'^ John McCreary,*^ practical- 
ly all on the east side of the creek, 
and Daniel Jones" on the west side. 

Off to the west on and near Sus- 
quehanna river, beginning about 
Washington Borough, and extending 
up and down the river, the English in- 
habitants were Edward Smout,"' James 
Patterson,'" Moses Comb,"' Martha 
Bezelion,"* James Letort,"^ Thomas aid 
Robert Wilkins,'" Jonah Davenport," 
John Hendricks'^ and the Chartier de- 
scendants." 

About two miles southeast from 
Waiere we now stand, extending along 
the northwest bank of Pequea 
creek from the neighborhood of tnti 
"Burnt Mill," below Marticville, co 
near the Conestoga township lint, 
there was a small Irish settlement con- 
sisting in succession down stream ol 
Roland Ellis,'^ Collum McQuire," 
John McDonald'" and Francis McDon- 
ald.'^ 

And adding both picturesque and 



(279) 

weird romance and melancholy to it 
all, along a dasiiing run of water, 
flowing into Conestoga river from the 
west, on an eminence, about a milb 
west of John Cartlidge's farm, was 
the village of the ancient dusky neigh- 
bors of these newcomers, the Cones- 
toga Indian town, pensively looking 
across the Conestoga Valley to Pos- 
tlethwaite's hill and village on the 
east, where their civilized successors 
and new neighbors were gradually 
taking the place of these aborigines, 
who had held forth here for centur- 
ies, and whose sun was now setting 
forever. 

These, then, together with a littlo 
Indian town in a loop of the Cones- 
toga near Atkinson's, up tiie stream, 
were the Scotch-Irish and Englisn 
and aboriginal neighbors of ancient 
Conestoga, in the center of which we 
stand and hold our exercises this day. 

Who were the German-Swiss neigh- 
bors of those English and Scotch- 
Scotch-Irish making up the center ot 
this ancient section between ana 
about 1715 and 1729? Off toward sun- 
rise, with its western limit at West 
Willow, was the Pequea Swiss col- 
ony; south of it. Amos Strettle's 
3,380 acres; and southwest of that, 
Herr and Kendig's 5,000 acres. 

Above Postlethwaite's, and between 
the English on Conestoga river on 
the west and the Swiss tract and 
Herr and Kendig on the east, coming 
down (from West Willow and the 
London or Estaugh tract of over 8,- 
000 acres") toward the spot where we 
now stand, were Harnish" and Herr^'* 
and SchlageP and Pretter" and Sam- 
uel Gulden*^ and John Burkholder"* 
and George Kendrick'' and John 
Milen'" and Christ Herr" and Benedict 
Venrich'* and Hans Moyer*" and Mel- 
choir Breneman'" and Michael Shenk"' 
and Christopher Franciscus^^ and 



(280) 

Jacob Eshleman'2 and Tobias Steh- 
man** and others. 

The German-Swiss neighbors below 
Postlethwaite's east of the Conestoga 
across to the Pequea were Jacob Mil- 
ler," Michael Sprengle,'' Hans 
Keagy," Frederick Maynard,'* Benedict 
and Jacob Bshleman,"^ Joan Stone- 
man,''"' Christian Burkholder,"^ Henry 
Stehman,"'= Abram Burkholder'"^ ana 
a few others. 

Across the Conestoga, the Manor, 
as far noth as a line extending from 
Millersville to Washington Borough, 
had been generally settled for twelve 
years in 1729 by the German-Swiss. 
Passing from tiie Conestoga river 
westward, in tiers, reading from north 
to south, by great large tracts were: 
Christian Herr,"^ Abram Herr, John 
George Seeger, Michael Moyer (whose 
farm of 217 acres coincided with the 
whole of Millersville to-day west of 
Manor turnpike, or George street), 
Henry Kilheffer, Rudy Herr, Jonn 
Shank, Christian Martin, Jacob Hos- 
tetter (containing Windom), John 
Herr, Abram Herr, Michael Shenk, 
Michael Baughman (whose farm in- 
cluded Letort), Jacob Brubaker and 
Michael Moyer (whose farm of 270 
acres in partnership bounded Indian 
town on the east), John Shank ana 
Martin Funk's 480 acres (whose joint 
tract included Central Manor), An- 
drew Kauffman and Michael Baugh- 
man's western farm, which reacJaed 
to the Indiantown 500 acres, and 
bounded it on the north. Two other 
ancient Manor tracts lay on the west 
bank of the Conestoga — Peter Le- 
man's"^ tract bounding the Cartledge 
tract on the south, and south of Lea- 
man's, Michael Creitler'is""" tract ot 
290 acres — this last named extending 
from the road at the upper end of 
Safe Harbor, in Manor, to the road 
near the lower end of Safe Harbor 



(281) 

leading westward into Manor by the 
Safe Harbor school-house. 

The large tract stretching from 
Washington Borough to Creswell, of 
3,000 acres, extending eastward neai- 
]y to Central Manor and Letort, was 
reserved by the Penns, prior to 
1729/" And the remainder of the 
Manor, south of Creswell and west of 
Indiantown (except such tracts on the 
river as a few English and Scotch- 
Irish had taken up) was all vacant in 
1729. 

Thus we Iiave now traced out the 
English and the German-Swiss neigh- 
bors for several miles in every direc- 
tion from Postlethwaite's in 1729; 
and for a dozen or fifteen years prior 
thereto. Out of the 285 heads of fam- 
ilies and single male adults in and 
about old Conestoga, in 1726 or 172S, 
nearly half of them lived there as 
early as 1718, as the assessments 
show. Therefore, in 1729, a greM por- 
tion of the people who lived round 
about here were old residents. Some 
of them lived there since 1712."' 

Those desiring more accurate in- 
formation as to the location of the 
several tracts, and as to who dwell 
on those tracts to-day will be aided by 
consulting the map accompanying 
this paper and the key explaining the 
same, so far as the map includes the 
tracts mentioned. 

Many interesting personal incidents 
could be told about most of those 
old Conestoga pioneers, if time and 
the occasion permitted it. A few can 
be mentioned, however. Postle- 
thwaite died a few years too early to 
make golden returns out of his land 
investment. He borrowed 247 pounds 
On his 496 acres and failed, and it 
was sold for 500 pounds, and a few 
years later the purchaser sold it in 
parts, receiving over 3,000 pounds for 



(282) 

}t losn Thomas Baldwin was a son-in- 
law of James Hendricks and a broth- 
er-in-law Of 'ohn Linvill."" Tobias 
Hendricks and Andrew Cornish were 
the Conestoga members of the coun- 
ty's first bench of Judges. John Grist 
was tried for attempting to dispos- 
sess Indians from their land. Schlagel- 
Worley and Atkinson all had mills in 
the Conestoga."" James Patterson 
could fight as well as pray; when his 
ferry, near Washington Borough, was 
interfered with, he declared, to de- 
fend it, he would wade in blood 
up to his knees."^ Wm. Clark in his 
will gave his wife an estate condition 
ed on "Christian behavior. ""= Daniel 
Preece in his will gives a certain 
daughter a full share if she marries a 
Dutchman, but only a shilling if she 
marries an Irishman."' Francis Wor- 
ley was an important factor in all 
Indian treaties. John Cartledge was 
given his land at twenty per cent, off 
on condition he looked after the wel- 
fare of Indiantown."-* Samuel Gulden 
was a Swiss Mennonite minister and 
also John Estaugh."= Herr and Kendig, 
who received the 5,000 acres of land, 
owned everything on Pequea creek, 
below Beaver down to Marticville, 
They sold it at great profit to many 
holders. Christopher Franciscus was 
noted for killing panthers and wolves 
in the woods and was a reputed giant."' 
Mart Mylin started brick making in 
1724."' 

When we turn to the public activi- 
ties of those early neighbors of Con- 
estoga, we find that thirty-eight of 
them were signers of the petition in 
1728 to create the county of Lancas- 
ter out of 188 signers from the entire 
county, or over one-fifth."* This sec- 
tion furnished more signers according 
to the area than any other. Jones, 
the Hendrickes, Postlethwaites, Gales, 



(283) 

Swifts, Linvills. Worleys, Pattersons, 
McCurrys, Bakers, Middletons and 
Wilkinses, Hughs, Willises, Mitchells, 
Brians, Powflls, and Ludford, repre- 
senting the English,and Stonenian,Steh- 
man, Ferree, Barr, Punk, Lemon, Hans- 
packer, Miller and others, represent- 
ing the German-Swiss, all signed it. 

The Court records in Chester coun- 
ty as to Conestoga township in those 
days show that both the English and 
the Swiss took part in public affairs."* 
Christopher Franciscus was Constable 
in 1722 and 1723, John Roberts in 
1724, Benedict Venrick in 1725, David 
Jones in 1726, 1727, 1728 and 1729. 
The Constable of West Conestoga in 
1727 was Daniel Ashleman, and Wil- 
diam Hughes in 1728 and 1729. Peter 
Worral, John Baldwin, Robert Car- 
ter, Thomas Lindley, William Hughes, 
John Carter, Samuel Lewis, John 
Baker and others, early Conestoga 
citizens, served on the grand juries 
and made up petit juries, etc., in 1720 
to 1729. 

The minutes of the County Commis- 
sioners from 1729 onward show also 
that Conestoga and her citizens were 
taking a leading part in the public 
affairs of the new county .^=" 

The steady growth of the ancient 
Conestoga region from the time when 
the inhabitants were first assessed 
here in 1718 is shown by the assess- 
ments to be as follows:'-' English, 43; 
single, 12, and Dutch, 86; total, 141, 
male heads and families and adults in 
1718 — 166 in 1719, the same in 1720. 
142 Swiss and 56 English in 1721 or 
196—68 in West Conestoga and 148 in 
East Conestoga or 214 in 1722. (The 
assessment of 1723 is missing). Two 
hundrgd and forty in 1724—243 in 1725. 
and 285 in 1726. From 1726 to 1729, 
when our county was organized, the 
assessments of Conestoga, Donegal 



(284) 

and Pequea (all there was of now 
Lancaster county) are lost or destroy- 
ed. And since 1729, when our new 
county began its career, the assess- 
ments, of nearly a score of years of 
practically the whole county, are lost 
or destroyed and no copy or record of 
virtually any of them were ever made, 
except a few appearing in Evans and 
Ellis' history. 

The assessment of 1721 shows the 
valuation of the property owned by 
the various citizens of Conestoga. In 
it we find that among the English, 
John Cartlidge was valued at sixty 
pounds, Francis Worley at 20, Robert 
Baker at 31, John Gardner at 24, 
James Patterson at 50, James Letort 
at 100 and Peter Bazilion at 154 
pounds Among the Palatines the 
largest land owners and the wealthiest 
men in 1721 about CoEestoga were 
Christian Herr, 32 pounds; John Herr, 
the same; Martin Kendricks, 60; 
Christ Franciscus, 30; John Buck- 
waiter, 40; John Line, 55; Jacob 
Kendrick, 46; Isaac Lefever, 50, and 
Daniel Ferre, 50 pounds. From this 
we see that Letort and Bazilion were 
the best rated men of the times here. 

In religious profession, as we have 
said, Quakers, Episcopalians, Presby- 
terians and Mennonites flourished 
here. The Quaker leaders were James, 
John, Tobias and Albertus Hendricks'- 
— Francis and Susanna Worley'" and 
their family, viz.: Rebecca. Mary, 
Caleb, Brosey and Henrry "Worley — 
John and Edmund Cartlidge,'^* Thom- 
as and Elizabeth Gale, Samuel Jones, 
Joshua Low and a few others.'=° 

These Quakers were the southern 
branch of the Quaker migration from 
old Chester. They were likely the 
earlier branch, arriving about or be- 
fore 1718. The northern branch fol- 
lowed John Wright to the Columbia 



(285) 

locality about 1726.*=* Sufficient proof 
that they came from old Chester lies 
in the fact that Worley, Baldwin, 
Cartlidge, Hendricks, Linvill, Hughes, 
Gale, Worrali and others all appear as 
residents of Chester in the Chester 
County Recorder's office records, from 
1696 to 1720, etc."' 

Then, too, the Concord quarterly 
meeting of Friends in and about 
Philadelphia, in 1722, as shown by 
their minutes, resolved that it was 
"necessary to visit those friends that 
are removed to Conestoga, etc."^^ 

The Episcopalian branch was repre- 
sented by John and William Postle- 
thwaite"' and others. The society for 
the propagation of the Gospel to for- 
eign ports aided their movement to 
these regions.^^ The Presbyterians 
living in this old Conestoga region 
were James Patterson,'" the Middle- 
tons,"^ the Wilkens,'^^ the Carters,'^* 
the Lindleys,'" the Atkinsons,''^ the 
Linvills, the Evanses'" and others. 

The Mennonites were the Ger-man- 
Swiss of the Manor and in fact the 
other scores of them on all sides. 

Somewhere in these valleys did 
these religious ancestors worship as 
early as 1718. The Mennonites wor- 
shipped here in some sort of meeting 
house before, Masonville church 
ground was given them out of the 
Michael Baughman tract,'^^ before they 
received the New Danville Church 
grounds out of the Samuel Gulden 
tract'"— before Samuel Boyer gave 
them "Beyerland""" and before Bene- 
dict Eshleman gave them "River Cor- 
ner."'" 

As to the Episcopalians, Hazard's 
Register, Vol. 5, p. 21, tells us that an 
Episcopal Church was built in Cones- 
toga in 1732. That may mean the 
Episcopal Church at Churchtown, far 
up the Conestoga Valley. 



(286) 

The minutes of the Donegal Pres- 
bytery of 1732"^ and other records 
from the year 1725 '" onward make 
reference to the Presbyterians of 
"Conestoga;" and Ministers were 
more or less regularly sent to them 
at those dates. Somewhere here sure- 
ly the Presbyterians I have mentioned 
worshiped. They did not (except one 
or two) worship at Donegal, because 
Donegal itself refers to them as Pres- 
byterians of "Conestoga," and sent 
ministers to them. It seems likely 
that wherever they worshipped that 
they were the predecessors and an- 
cestors of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Lancaster, and moved in or 
began to worship there after the 
county government and other public 
county activities moved in from Con- 
estoga. It is certain that the calls for 
ministers by the "Presbyterians" of 
Conestoga" cease and tiie calls for 
ministers by the "Presbyterians ol 
Lancaster" begin simultaneously, 
1741-2. 

As to the Quakers (who, next to the 
Mennonites, were the strongest sect 
here, in earliest times) it seems they 
worshipped, either at Wright's Ferry 
(now Columbia) or at Bird-in-Hand, or 
both. These were their first known 
meeting houses near here.^" 

I may stop long enough, at this 
point to say that in 1729 there were 
large regions round about this place 
not taken up. The region, of Con- 
estoga Center was not opened up until 
twenty years later. Much of the land 
about Shenk's Ferry was not taken up 
until 1750.'" The Creswell and High- 
ville region also opened up late. 
Colemanville and Martic Forge lay 
dormant also for ten or twelve years 
after the time of the Postlethwaite 
Courts. The same is true of other ad- 
j; cent sections. 



(287) 

I must stop also to observe the in- 
fluence of early land boundaries upon 
the public roads of to-day. In many 
cases the division lines of the ancient 
large tracts were used as roads and 
finally became the public highways, 
and are so to-day."' Thus, when you 
spin along these old highways, pray 
do not forget that the roads became 
fixed where they are, simply because 
at the beginning that road on which 
you pass (as well as other roads) 
happened to be the dividing line be- 
tween two large 500 acre farms, etc. 
The surveyor ran those lines as they 
are so as to make the first tracts 
abut properly on the great streams; 
and the whole plan of our principal 
roads grew from it. 

Such was the Conestoga neighbor- 
hood from 1715 to 1729; such the 
movements and activities and in- 
cidents in the opening years of 
civilized life here, and such were the 
old Conestoga neighbors, English, 
Scotch-Irish and German-Swiss. 

Very early in their careers the Eng- 
lish and Scotch-Irish began moving 
up the river to Donegal, and joined 
their brethren who first landed there. 
Pattersons,"^ and Middletons"^ and 
Mitchels and Burts"" and Gardners 
and Wilkinses,'"" among others moved 
there from Martic and Conestoga 
before 1726. They continued moving 
out of Conestoga — out of Donegal — 
moving westward and southwestward, 
and by 1750 they and their descend- 
ants dwelt numerously in the Cum- 
berland Valley, in now West Virginia, 
in western Pennsylvania and along 
the Ohio. By that time, too, very few 
of them were to be found in Cones- 
toga. Those Scotch-Irish and English 
followed the frontier line as it moved 
westward — they followed the political 
offices wherever they newly opened. 



( 288) 

they followed and managed political 
affairs and public affairs. And thus 
it happened that they left Conestoga 
entirely. Not one Scotch-Irish or Eng- 
lish Quaker name exists in the Con- 
estoga or Manor region to-day. The 
races that founded the settlement and 
first managed its affairs are now all 
gone; and no physical evidence re- 
mains to-day that this region ever 
had a Scotch-Irish and English admix- 
ture in its origin. But, on the other 
hand, the German-Swiss who were 
practically contemporaries of '^he 
Scotch-Irish and English, who held the 
plow vvhile the latter held the offices, 
are here in their descendant, to this 
day. Very early they began buying 
out their English and Scotch-Irish 
neighbors; and many patents issued 
to German-Swiss settlers for land 
warranted to Scotch-Irish and Eng- 
lish holders attest this fact. 

And now our task is done. We 
leave these ancient Conestoga, Scotch- 
Irish, English and German-Swiss 
neighbors and also their dusky Indian 
friends, who lived in peace, one with 
another for many years. The Indian 
and the Scotch-Irish both have gone 
from Conestoga. The one to the 
"Happy Hunting Ground;" and the 
other to regions where the German- 
Swiss did not hamper them. Your 
knowledge of history and of the 
Scotch-Irish character must help you 
determine where these regions are. 
Both those races are gone. But the 
stocky, steady German-Swiss are here 
to-day, guarding the graves of tneir 
fathers, helping to feed the world 
from the soil, heightening the glowing 
sunset over Conestoga's valley, by re- 
flecting upon the sky, the lustre of 
their golden corn, and "holding fast 
to that which is good." 



(289) 

CITATIONS AND AUTHORITIES. 

1. Lancaster Co. Hist. Soc. Pro- 
ceedings, Vol. 12, p. 23. (Hereafter 
cited "Lane. Hist.") 2. Vol. 3, Md. 
Arch., p. 66 and do., Vol. 5, p. 231. 
Also Eshleman's Susquehannocks, etc., 
p. 19. (Hereafter cited "Susq. Ind. etc."). 
3. Susq. Ind. etc., p. 20. 4. Do., p. 129 
and authorities there cited. 5. Lauc. 
Hist., Vol. 12, pp. 10 and 11; also, 1 
Haz. Reg. 400. 6. Susq. Ind., 159 
and citations. 7. Do., p. 184 and Vol. 
2, Col. Rec. 261. 8. Do., p. 187. 9. 
Do. 10. Do., p. 201. 11. Do., 208 and 
2, Col. Rec. 532. 12. Do., 224 and 3, 
Col. Rec. 21 and 22. 13 Do., p. 241. 

14. Do., 252 and 256; also. Col. Rec. 

15. Do., p. 302 and 3, Col. Rec. 309. 

16. Susq. Ind., pp. 21 and 36; also, 
Campanius, p. 157. 17. Rec. Lane. Co. 
Qr. Sessions Office Docket, No. 1, p. 89. 
18. Chester Co. Qr. Sess. Records and 
Lane. Hist., Vol. 12, p. 17. 19. Witham 
Marshe Dairy and Susq. Ind., p. 344. 

20. Assessment of Conestoga 1718 and 
Evans and Ellis Hist. Lane. Co., p. 20. 

21. Do., and assessments for said 
years. (Assessments for 1718 to 1826 
inclusive — except that of 1723, are in 
the possession of Gilbert Cope of West 
Chester). 22. See Assessments. 23. 
Do. 24. Pat. Bk. A, Vol. 6, p. 225 
(Hbg.) and drafts in Bk. D, 82-161 and 
D, 78-19 and 46 and D, 66-209 and Pat. 
Bk. A, 7-336 and 7. 25. Do., 26. 
Draft Bk. D. 266-209, Hbg. (Hereafter 
cited "D. B."). 27. D. B. Vol D., 
78-20. 28.— Pat. Bk. A, 7-336 and 7. 
(Hereafter cited "P. B."). 29. D. B. Vol. 
D, 78-20. 30. As adjoiner in D. B. Vol. 
D., 88-138 and Taylor Papers (Drafts) 
No. 2664, hereafter cited "T. P. 
Drafts." 31. Do. 32. T. P. Drafts 
2484-6-8, No. 2607 and 2678. 33. T. P. 
Drafts, No. 2559 and 2607 and 2722. 34. 



(290) 

T. P. Drafts, No. 2531. 35. Do. 36. 
Do., 2678. 37. Do. 38. Third Ser. Pa. 
Arch., Vol. 4, Map Con. Manor. 39 to 
42. Do. 43. D. B. Vol D, 88-102 and 
104. 44. Do. 45. Do., D, 88-161 and 
Pat. Bk. A, 6-320 and T. P. Drafts No. 
2363. 46. T. P., Do. 47. Do., No. 
2596 and Vol. D, 88-102 and 4. 48. Vol. 
D, 78-46. 49. Pat Bk. AA, 13-491. 50. 
Do. 51. Vol D, 69-285 and Survey 
Book B, 22, p. 121. 52. Do., Pat Bk. B, 
22-124. 53. Do. 54-56. Map Con. 
Manor, and Evans & Ellis, 950. 57. 
T. P. Drafts, No. 2689 and Pat. Bk. A, 
10-143. 58. D. B. Vol. A, 84-42. 59. D. B. 
Vol. D, 78-47 and Survey Bk. B, 
22-121. 60. T. P. Drafts, No. 2581, p. 2, 
Pat. Bk. A, 7-134. 61. Do. 62. T. P. 
Drafts, No. 2401. 63. Lane. Col. Rec. 
Off. M. M., 224. 64. Survey Bk. B, 
22-121. 65 to 67. Map Con. Manor. 
68 to 73. T. P. Drafts, No. 2397 and 
2400. 74 to 77. Do., No. 2552 and No. 
2405. 78. Do., 2486. 79. Do., 2559. 
80. D. B. Vol. D, 73-138. 81. T.P. 
Drafts, No. 2472. 82. iDo. 83. D. B. 
Vol., D, 88-126. 84. Do., D, 78-206. 85. 
Do. 86. Do. 87. Do., D, 13-138. 88. 
Do., D, 78-208. 89. Do., D, 73-53. 90. 
Do., 138. 91. Do., 78-46. 92. T. P. 
Drafts, No. 2616. 93. Pat. Bk. A, 
6-321. 94. Lane. Rec. Off. N, 301. 95. 
D. B. Vol. D, 88-102. 96. Do., 104. 97. 
Book 102-45. 98. Pat. A, 9-493 and B, 
22-121. 99. Pat. AA, 13-490 and 4. 
100. B, 210 (Lane). 101. C, 12-3 
(Hbg.). 102. Do. 103. Vol. D, 537 
(Hbg.). 102. Con. Manor Twp. 705 
and 106, T. P. Drafts, No. 2483. 107. 
Con. Manor Map. 108. Pa. Arch, Vol. 
1, p. 337. 108a. Lane. Co. Recorder's 
Office. 190. Vol. 19-20, Ser. Arch., p. 
640. 110. Do., 644 and T. P. Misc., No. 
2827. 111. 1 Pa. Arch., 334. 112. 
Will Bk. A, 1-5 (Lane). 113. Lane. 
Reg. Off. 114. Pa. Arch., 2d Ser., 



(291) 

19-644. 115. Do., 608 and 574. 116. 
Weekly Mercury, Jan. 14 and 27, 1729 
(30). 117. Vol. 10, Arch, 2d. Ser., 721. 
118. See petition Lane. Hist., Vol. 12, 
p. 28. 119. See Records. 120. Vol 1, 
Com. Office (Lane). 121. See assess- 
ments. 122. Hendrlcks-Worley mar- 
riage, certificate (Cope). 123. Do. 
124, Evans & Ellis, p. 15. 125. 
Hendricks-Worley marriage witness 
(Cope). 126. See Hist, of Columbia. 
127. Clies. Co. Records. 128. Evans & 
Ellis, p. 896. 129. St. James Church 
Records. 130. Evans & Ellis, p. 464. 
131. Donegal Records. 132. Do. 133. 
37 Family Records. 138. Map of 
Manor. 139. Gulden Draft. 140. R, 
3-549, Rec. Off. Lane. 141. Bk. SS., 
110, Rec. Office Lane. 142. See min- 
utes. 143. Presbytery of Newcastle. 
144. See Ellis & Evans. 145. See sur- 
veys at Hbg. 146. Proved by surveys 
and map accompanying this paper — 
vide. 147. Cf. Conestoga and Donegal 
Records. 148. Bk. A., p. 38, Rec. Off. 
Lane. 149. Evans & Ellis 17. 150. Do. 



TOWNS. 

A, Washington Borough; B, Cres- 
well; C, Safe Harbor; D, Windom; E, 
Letort; P, Millersville; G, Rock Hill; 
H, New Danville; J, Martlcville; K, 
West Willow; L, Martlcville; M, Martic 
Forg-e; N, Colemanville; O, Pequea; P, 
Slackwater; R, Wabank. 

STAR AND CIRCLE. 

Postlethwalte; Large Stream, Sus- 
quehanna River; next in size. Cones- 
toga River; smallest, Pequea Creek. 



( 292) 



KEY TO MAP OF L-AIVD OWNERS. 

1, James Patterson; 2, The Proprie- 
tors' 3,000 A; 3, vacant; 4, Andrew Cor- 
nish (later John Shenk and Martin 
Funk); 5, Andrew Coffman; 6, Abram 
Stoner; 7, Michael Bachman; 8, vacant; 
9, Jacob Hostetter; 10, John Herr; 11, 
Abram Herr; 12, Michael Bachman; 13, 
Michael Shenk; 14, Jacob Bropather, 
Michael Moyer; 15, Thomas and Reese 
Price; 16, Indiantown; 17, Andrew 
Cornish (later James Logan); 18, John 
Cartlidge; 19, Peter Leaman; 20, Michael 
Creiter; 21, Andrew Hamilton; 22, 
Samuel Overholtz; 23, Henry Kilhaver; 
24, Rudy Herr; 25. John Shenk and 
Christian Martin; 26, Alexander and 
Samuel Ritchey; 27, Michael Moyer 
(later Millersville) ; 28, Joshua Low; 
29, Dan McConnell; 30, John George 
Seeger; 31, Abram Herr; 32, Christian 
Herr; 33, John Postlethwaite (formerly 
part James Hendricks) ; 34, John 
Postlethwaite (formerly Tobias Hend- 
riickis; 35, John Postlethwaite (for- 
merly Michael Shenk); 36, John 
Postlethwaite (formerly John Hend- 
ricks); (35 and 36 inclusive are John 
Postlethwaite's 500 acres; 35 and 39, 
inclusive, are parts of James Hend- 
rick's 1,100-acre tract); 37, Thomas 
Baldwin; 38, Thomas Gale (later George 
Grey); 39, John Linville; 40, Richard 
Carter (later Robert Wilkins, finally 
Jacob Miller); 41, Richard Carter (later 
Michael Stringle) ; 42, Hans Keagy; 
43, James Logal; 44, Francis Worley; 
45, Fred. Maynard; 46, Benedict Eshle- 
man; 47, vacant; 48, Kaleb Baker (this 
and 56 were the original Col. French 
tracts); 49, Christian Burkholder; 50, 
Isaac Burkholder; 51, David Jones 
(later John Robinson); 52, vacant; 53, 
Benedict Eshleman; 54, Francis Worley 
(later Joseph Stone) ; 55, Abram Burk- 
holder; 56, John Rebman (later Jacob 
Good); 57, Daniel Jones; 58, claim of 
Henry Stehman; 59, vacant; 60, Mel- 
choir Breneman; 61, Hans Moyer; 62, 
John Ferree; 63, Richard Greist; 64, 
Benedict Venrich; 65, Christopher Fran- 
ciscus and Hans Nissley; 66, Samuel 
Guldin; 67, Pequea Swiss Mennonite 
Settlement; 68, David Priest; 69, James 
Dawson (later Jacob Ashleman); 70, 
vacant; 71, vacant and Collom Mc- 
Guire; 72, John Meyer; 73, Hans Hess; 
74, Christopher Franciscus; 75, John 
McDonald; 76, vacant; 77, John DeHoff; 
78, vacant; 79, Ulrich Hoober; 80, 
vacant; 81, Collom McGuire; 82, Robert 
Ellis; 83. vacant; 84, Hans Boyer; 85. 
Thomas Lindley; 86, John Warder and 
John Swift; 87, Samuel Boyer; 88, Al- 
bertus Hendricks; 89, William Sherrell; 
90, Ulrich Stauffer; 91, Peter Good 
(now Jacob Good); 92, Robert Middle- 
ton; 93, vacant, in Martic Twp.; 94, 
York county; 95, Hempfleld Twp., north 
of Conestoga Manor, now part of 
Manor Twp.; 96, part of Lancaster 
Twp. 





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The figures and letters on above map are a key indicating owners, 
villag-e, etc. See pages 291-292. Scale, A to B equals 1 mile 



(293) 

"Postlethwaite Family, 1750." 

"How Firm a Foundation" was sung 
by the audience, led by the band, 
after which Mr. C. E. Postlethwaite 
read an interesting paper on "Postle- 
thwaite Family, 1750." He spoke as 
follows: 

While attending *he annual Penn- 
sylvania Society dinner in New York 
some five or six years ago I first met 
the Honorable W. U. Hensel, whom 
you all knew better than was my for- 
tune and whose death has left a gap 
in your historical and other political, 
business and social societies, and 
whose memory will always be honored 
and kept green by Pennsylvanians 
everywhere, but especially in Lan- 
caster county. Mr. Hensel said that 
he needed no introduction to any 
member of the Postlethwaite family 
and commented with such complete 
and detailed knowledge upon the his- 
tory of our forebears in the early days 
of Lancaster county that I then and 
there realized that I owed it as a duty 
to my children to know more about 
the family than I did at that time. 

I had heard more or less about our 
ancestors of Lancaster county, but 
did not have all the facts, and after 
obtaining the information from 
various records here in Lancaster, and 
from various histories, I became deep- 
ly interested in following the various 
family lines. 

The late Reverend William Morton 
Postlethwaite, for many years chap- 
lain of West Point Military Academy, 
and my brother, Albert Gayton Postle- 
thwaite, of Passaic, New Jersey, have 
in years past contributed much infor- 
mation from records both in this coun- 
try and in England. The Reverend 
William Morton Postlethwaite made 
a trip to England, and in his investiga- 
tions there it seemed clear that all 



(294) 

Postlethwaites trace back to one 
original family at or near Millom, 
Cumberland county, England. 

Judge Landis has referred very 
fully to the life of John Postletbwaite, 
who occupied this property in 1729, 
and of his six children, Susannah, 
Samuel, John, William, Edmond and 
Richard. We have not been able to 
trace any descendants of Edmond, Wil- 
liam or Richard, nor have we yet been 
able to look up the daughter, Susan- 
nah, who married Benjamin Price. 
There is no information concerning 
her other than is conveyed in the 
statement of her marriage. 

The family seems to have left Lan- 
caster county about the time, or 
shortly after, the old-homestead was 
sold, which was October 28th, 1761. 

Samuel went to Carlisle, Cumber- 
land County, Pennsylvania, was in the 
Revolutionary war, first as a captain 
and later as lieutenant-colonel, and 
was elected Sheriff of Cumberland 
county in 1782. 

John went first to the vicinity of 
Harrisburg and then Mifflin coun- 
ty about 1789, settling in Wayne town- 
ship on a farm for which, according to 
tradition, he traded one horse and 
ten dollars. 

Just here let me say it is not my in- 
tention to follow family lines in de- 
tail in this talk to-day, nor do I in- 
tend even to try to cover all the im- 
portant or interesting points in the 
field of action by the descendants of 
the John Postletbwaite who lived 
here. Time permits reference to the 
family only in a general way. A 
more detailed account will appear In 
the archives of the Historical Society. 

Samuel had seven children and John 
eight, and many of these children left 
Pennsylvania, going to other parts of 
the country and we next hear of them 



(295) 

in Mississippi, Louisiana, Kentucky 
and in the western part of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Dr. James Postlethwaite, a son ol" 
Samuel, was a noted physician and 
politician in Greensburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, and was the ancestor of the Mc- 
Lean family of Pittsburgh, represent- 
ed here to-day by Mr. Jay Donald Mc- 
Lean. 

A son of John Postlethwaite, of 
Mifflin county, another, John, by the 
way, went to Jefferson county, Penn- 
sylvania, about 1814, and there is a 
large branch of the family still in 
Jefferson county, while many of them 
in turn have gone to other parts of the 
country. William Perry Postlethwaite 
and his son, David Neal, represent this 
branch here to-day. 

Then a grandson of John Postle- 
thwaite, of Mifflin county, also named 
John, went to the state of Illinois 
about 1830, and there is a large branch 
of the family in that section. This 
branch is represented here to-day by 
Dr. John Arthur Postlethwaite, of 
Tarkio, Missouri, and his cousin, Cal- 
vin, of Alexis, Illinois. Members of 
this family have also gone to other 
States. 

The "stick to Pennsylvania" Postle- 
thwaites have representatives here 
from two branches of the family. Mrs. 
L. Banks Doty, daughter of the late 
Thomas Fisher Postlethwaite, of 
Mount Union, from one branch, and 
Samuel Cloyd Postlethwaite and my- 
self from the others. Trace back in a 
straight line to your John Postle- 
thwaite, of Lancaster county, our an- 
cestors lived and died in Pennsyl- 
vania. I, myself, digressed from the 
State during seven years residence in 
Virginia.and I am proud of the fact that 
my two daughters are Virginians, but 
with all that has been said here to- 



(297) 

both as officials and workmen. As 
legislators, my grandfather, Thomas 
Irvin Postlethwaite, now deceased, 
represented Mifflin county. Pa., in 
1843, when he made the trip to and 
from Harrisburg on horseback. Dr. 
John Arthur Postlethwaite.who is here 
to-day, was elected to the Missouri 
Legislature in 1888 for two years. 
There have been many legislators de- 
scendants of John Postlethwaite 
through the feminine side of the fam- 
ily. I do not have a complete list but 
notable among them was the late Dr. 
William P. McNite, who represented 
Huntingdon county in the Pennsyl- 
vania Legislature. 

As a general thing they are a peace- 
loving people and in spirit are for- 
bearing, but on the other hand they 
have been well represented in the 
wars of this country, starting with the 
Revolutionary War, and have always 
been ready to fight for their country 
when necessary. Every branch of the 
family in all parts of the country were 
well represented in the Civil War. 
William Perry Postlethwaite, of Jef- 
ferson county, who is with us to-day, 
is a veteran. General Basil W. Duke, 
of Confederate Army fame, told me he 
knew two families of Postlethwaites 
in Kentucky, the head of one family 
being in the Federal and the other in 
the Confederate army. 

Another point of interest in follow- 
ing the various lines of the family, 
and this will, I believe, apply to all 
families, is the constant use of fam- 
ily names; thus we have the original 
John Postlethwaite, of Lancaster 
county, and his sons, Samuel, John 
and William. These names run all 
through the families of the various 
branches and it is a reasonably safe 
proposition to meet a Postlethwaite 
anywhere and ask for his brother 
John, his uncle John or his cousin 



(298) 

John, or any other relationship that 
you care to use. In the representa- 
tion here to-day we have a John, a 
William and a Samuel. 

Speaking generally of the early 
day families of this country, we do 
not always think of the hardships 
through which they must have gone 
in order to make this glorious coun- 
try the habitable place we find it to- 
day. We have at our hand so many 
facilities for travel and for communi- 
cation, one with another, no matter 
where we are, that we cannot do bet- 
ter than obtain the records as far as 
possible and put them in the posses- 
sion of the descendants in order that 
they may more fully appreciate the 
blessings which they enjoy to-day, and 
at the same time do honor to those 
who have gone before. Such a record 
should give inspiration to those of us 
who are living to-day and those who 
follow us to see that our records, 
when we have passed on, fit in well 
with those who have gone before, and 
this thought has been our incentive 
after having been started on the sub- 
ject by your most honored neighbor 
and fellow-citizen, the late Hon. W. 
U. Hensel. 

It is gratifying to be here to-day. 
This is my second visit to the old 
homestead, I having been here three 
years ago. The late Rev. William 
Morton Postlethwaite and my brother, 
Albert Gayton Postlethwaite, of Pas- 
saic, N. J., visited the homestead in 
1879, and I think Mr. Fehl told me 
that as far as he knew we were the 
only Postlethwaites who had come 
back to see the place. There are five 
branches of the Postlethwaite fam- 
ily represented by those present to- 
day. No one of us knew all the oth- 
ers before to-day so that there was 
a general introduction of the Postleth- 
waites among themselves before the 



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committee met us. We all feel speci- 
ally privileged in being here to-day 
and we all extend our best thanks and 
deep appreciation to Judge Landis, 
Dr. Diffenderffer, Messrs. Eshleman, 
Magee, Hostetter, and other members 
of the committee of the Lancaster 
County Historical Society, not only 
for the opportunity given us to be 
here to-day and for the honor done 
our ancestor, but for the many cour- 
tesies extended to us after our arrival. 
It is a day we shall not forget. We 
shall always be proud of our associa- 
tion with Lancaster county through 
our ancestors and for this visit to-day. 
This I am sure will be shared by all 
the descendants who know the his- 
tory of those early days. It is our 
hope that Lancaster county may al- 
ways be proud of the family who went 
out from here about one hundred and 
fifty-five yqars ago. 

The Benediction. 
Rev. Thomas Roberts, pastor of the 
Methodist Church, then dismissed the 
assemblage with the benediction. 

Postlethwaite Descendants Present. 

The affair was honored by the pres- 
ence of a number of the descendants 
of the original Postlethwaite family 
who were domiciled at the Bruns- 
wick. 

The group included the follow- 
ing persons: Mr. W. P. Postle- 
thwaite, of Valier, Pa.; Mr. D. N. Pos- 
tlethwaite, of Columbus, Ohio; Mr. C. 
W. Postlethwaite, Alexis, 111.; Dr. J. 
A. Postlethwaite, of Tarkia, Mo.; Mr. 
S. C. Postletiiwaite, of Huntingdon, 
Pa.; Mr. Clarence E. Postlethwaite, 
manager of sales of the Pressed Steel 
Car and the Western Steel Car and 
Foundry Companies, Pittsburgh. Mr. 
and Mrs. L. Banks Doty, of Philadel- 
phia, and Mr. Jay Donald McLean, 



(300) 

manager of the W. B. McLean Co., of 
Pittsburgh. 

Inscription On Tablet. 

The inscription upon the tablet is 
as follows: 

ON AUGUST 5, 1729, AT OR 
NEAR THIS SPOT ON THE 
LAND OF JOHN POSTLE- 
THWAITE, HIS MAJESTY,KING 
GEORGE THE SECOND'S JUS- 
TICES MET FOR THE FIRST 
TIME IN LANCASTER COUNTY 
AND HELD THE SEVERAL 
COURTS OP JUSTICE. THE 
MAGISTRATES PRESENT 
WERE JOHN WRIGHT, TOBIAS 
HENDRICKS, ANDREW CORN- 
ISH, THOMAS READ AND 
SAMUEL JAMES. JOHN 

WRIGHT PRESIDED. 

THE COURTS WERE HELD 
AT POSTLETHWAITE'S FOR 
AUGUST AND NOVEMBER 
TERMS, 1729, AND FEBRUARY, 
MAY AND AUGUST TERMS, 
1730. THIS STONE AND TAB- 
LET HAVE BEEN ERECTED 
BY THE LANCASTER COUNTY 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY ON OC- 
TOBER 8, 1915. 

The Expenses. 

The expenses incident to the event, 
besides the great amount of labor con- 
tributed free, were: 

Bronze plate $ 60.00 

Conestoga Band 35.00 

Powder, dynamite and fuse 6.50 

Photographic work 6.00 

Haldy, attaching plate 8.00 

Expressage on plate 95 

Automobile hire, Oct. 8 12.00 

A. S. Dombach, auto service 

etc., at divers times 5.00 

Total $133.45 





Boulder and Tablet (See Inscription, pase 300). 7 feet hig-h— 7 tons— limestone 



(301) 

Those Who Contributed. 

These expenses were met by con- 
tributions made by Messrs. George 
Steinman, Henry S. Stehman, B. C. 
Atlee, R. M. Reilly, W. N. Appel, H. 
Frank Eshleman, A. K. Hostetter, P. 
R. Diffenderffer, Litt.D., D. F. Magee, 
A. J. Zercher, A. S. Benedict, John Le- 
fever, Hiram Warfel, J. W. Morrison, 
The New Era, Judge Chas. I. Landis, 
Mrs. Mary Landis, F. S. Harnish and 
A. A. Onney. 

All of which we respectfully submit 
and report to your Honorable Body, 
and ask to be discharged. 

H. FRANK ESHLEMAN, 

Chairman. 
A. K. HOSTETTER, 
F. R. DIFFENDERFFER, Litt.D., 
D. F. MAGEE, 

Committee. 



Mmutes of October Meeting 



Lancaster, Pa., Oct. 1, 1015. 

The October meeting of the Lancas- 
ter County Historical Society was held 
in their rooms in the A. Herr Smith 
Memorial Library building this even- 
ing, with a fairly good attendance, 
despite the inclement weather. The 
feature of the meeting was the read- 
ing of two papers by Miss Lottie M. 
Bausman. These papers were 'Trans- 
portation Troubles in Lancaster Coun- 
ty During the Revolution" and "The 
Garden of Pennsylvania." Both were 
very interesting. The former showed 
that Lancaster was a central depot 
for transportation during the Revolu 
tionary War and that this county was 
largely depended upon for transpor- 
tation by the Colonial army. George 
Ross, Jr., the son of Gen. George 
Ross, signer of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, also being appointed in 
chargeof this work. The second paper 
dealt with the fertility of the county 
even in Revolutionary times and 
showed that it was on account of this 
productiveness in Lancaster county 
that Washington's army could be fed. 
A large quantity of the supplies for it 
at Valley Forge came from here, and 
it was in consequence of this that a 
certain Tory in this country, in writing 
to a friend who was an officer in the 
British army, spoke of this locality as 
"the garden spot of America," a name 
which has stuck to the county ever 
since. 

The Librarian presented the follow- 
ing report: 

Bound Volumes — Annual Report of 
the Smithsonian Institution, 1914. 
( :^()2 ) 



(303) 

The Railway Library and Statistics, 
1914. 

Magazines and Pamphlets — Ameri- 
can Catholic Historical Society, Rec- 
ords; American Philosophical Society, 
Proceedings; Lebanon County His- 
torical Society, Vol. VI., No. 13; An- 
nual Report of the Grand Rapids Pub- 
lic Library. 

Special Donations — Pour old deeds 
from Miss Louisa Ringwalt, Downing- 
town. Pa. 

F. R. Diffenderffer, the Vice Presi- 
dent, announced that he had received 
a number of old deeds from John N. 
Hetrick, Esq., with the request that 
they be donated to the Society with 
the compliments of Miss Louisa Ring- 
wait, now living in Downingtown, 
Chester county. Pa., and who was for- 
merly a resident of New Holland, Lan- 
caster county. Miss Ringwalt has 
never lost her love for Lancaster coun- 
ty, the place of her birth, and she is a 
frequent visitor to the old town of 
New Holland, which is dear to her 
heart. 

The following were the deeds pre- 
sented to the Society: 

Parchment deed, dated August 9, 
1766, from John Barr, Sheriff, sold as 
the property of Felty Kintzer, to Chris- 
tian Breamer, for 100 perciies and the 
usual allowance of five per cent, for 
roads, in the Town of New Design 
(now known as New Holland), Earl 
Township. The deed is in a good 
state of preservation, and bears the 
original seal of wax, indented through 
the instrument, and, also, bears the 
signature of Edw. Shippen, Prothono- 
tary, who took the acknowledgment 
of the Sheriff, and the separate im- 
pression seal of the Common Pleas of 
Lancaster County is attached. 

The next deed, in age, is one for the 
same premises, from Christian 
Breamer and wife, to Rosina Bieble. 



( 304 ) 

dated March 1, 1770, also, bearing the 
original wax seals, written on parch- 
ment and well preserved, the ink on 
the paper being more distinct than 
some of the more recent instruments 
now recorded in the Court House. 

Two other deeds, dated July 26, 
1782, and November 11, 1782, from 
Rinehart Shibler to Henry Peters and 
Zacheus Piersol, and William Bar- 
litz, respectively, being in the same 
chain of title as the older deeds, and 
for the same premises. 

The following persons were elected 
to membership in the society; Mrs. 
John I. Hartman, Mrs. Elizabeth Hart- 
man Falck, Mr. Simon K. Nissley and 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles F. Miller, all of 
Lancaster; Mr. Clarence E. Postle- 
thwaite, of Sewickley, Pa.; Hon. John 
H. Landis, of Millersville; Miss Mar- 
garet P. Humes, of Jersey Shore, Pa., 
and Mr. Sanderson Detwiler, of Co- 
lumbia. 

The persons propose'"" for member- 
ship were: Miss Eleanora Jane Ful- 
ton, Miss Susan Holbrook, Mr. and 
Mrs. John N. Hetrick and Dr. D. 
Sherman Smith, all of Lancaster. 

D. F. Magee, Esq., reported for the 
committee having in charge the 
Postlethwaite celebration, October 8, 
and stated that everything is proceed- 
ing satisfactorily in the way of prepa- 
rations for the event. The people of 
Conestoga township are greatly in- 
terested in the celebration and are 
making elaborate preparations The 
stone for the marker has been taken 
from the quarry in that township by 
the citizens and placed in position. 
The people have also made arrange- 
ments for seating the audience in the 
orchard of Mr. George Fehl, on whose 
property the celebration will take 
place. Arrangements have been made 
to run motor busses to the spot both 
from Millersville and from Landis* 



( 305 ) 

station at the Long Lane on the York 
Furnace trolley line. There will be 
ample accommodation for all visitors 
who come by these routes to the cele- 
bration. Information has been re- 
ceived to the effect that the tablet of 
bronze has been cast and that it is 
perfect in detail. It will arrive In 
Lancaster not later than Monday or 
Tuesday and will be put on the mark- 
er Immediately. Word has been re- 
ceived that a number of prominent 
persons from a distance will be in at- 
tendance, and the descendants of the 
Postlethwaite family from as far west 
as Missouri will be there as guests of 
the Historical Society. A reception 
committee is about to be appointed.