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Historical, Pictorical 


Biographical Record 

Chariton County, 





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Pictorial and Biographical Publishing Co., 


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In presenting to the public this volume, the publishers consider 
it incimibent upon them to make some acknowledgment of the many 
courtesies and favors we have received in the compilation of the mat- 
ter herein contained, and the generous approval with which an appre- 
ciative pu))lic have responded by their subscriptions. This volume 
has l)een prepared in response to the prevailing and popular demand 
for the preservation of local history and biography. The design of 
the present work is more to gather and preserve in attractive form, 
while fresh with the evidence of truth, the enormous fund of perish- 
ing occurrences, than to al)stract from insufficient contemporaneous 
data remote, doubtful or incorrect conclusions. 

Fully aware of our inability to furnish a perfect history, an accom- 
plishment vouchsafed to the imagination only of the dreamer or the 
theorist, we make no pretentions of having prepared a work devoid of 
blemish. To him who has not attempted the compilation of such a 
work, the obstacles to be surmounted are unknown. Notwithstand- 
ing the fact that the whole country has suffered under a financial cri- 
sis of intense severity, and commercial business of all kinds has been 
in a state of almost total prostration, we cannot help acknowledging, 
under such circumstances, an almost unexpected and flattering result. 
In this connection we desire to return to Hon. Perry S. Rader, of 
Brunswick, and author of Rader's History of Missouri, our especial 
thanks for valuable favors received, in the loan of a number of cuts 
appearing in the lirst part of this work, as used in his history. 

Believing that all thoughtful people, at present and in future, will 
recognize and appreciate the importance of this Historical, Pictorial 
AND Biographical Record of so promising a county, . and the great 
benefit that will result, we remain 

The Publishers. 

Imperial Missouri 


Imperial Missouri. 


N conforniity with the idea expressed by that o;reatest of 
the Enoflish historians, ]\Iacaulay, and one of the most 
brilliant writers of the nineteenth century, expressed in 
the following, " The history of a country is best told in 
a record of the lives of its people," has this Portrait and 
Biographical Record of Chariton county Ijeen prepared. 
Inasmuch as this county is only a municipal part of the 
great commonwealth of Missouri, a brief sketch of the 
" Im])erial State" may not be amiss in this connection. 

^Missouri, after one of the most bitter and hotly con- 
tested controversies that ever threatened the political skies 
the birth of a new child in the great sisterhood of states, 
and lasting throughout a number of years, Avas formally admitted to 
all the rights, privileges and immunities of a state to which she sought 
to be clothed, August 10, 1821. Due to the bitterness and animosity 
engendered by the agitation of the slavery question throughout the 
length and breadth of the nation, attending the admission of tlie 
state to the union, immigration was tardy and the wealth and popula- 
tion of the state increased very slowly; but a country destined to be 
among the foremost of the union in natural resources, material wealth, 
tinancial [)rosperity, agricultural and commercial activities, was not to 
lie in a dormant state very long. 

At that time the most ardent imagination never conceived of the 
progress which was to mark the history of this great state. The ad- 
venturous pioneer who pitched his tent upon these broad prairies, or 
threaded the dark labyrinths of the lonely forest, little thought that 
a mighty tide of ])hysical and intellectual strength would so soon fol- 
low in his footsteps, to populate, l)uild up and enrich the domain which 
he was just then entering upon. Such, however, has been the case, 
for year after year civilization advanced further and further until to- 
day the mountains, the hills and the valleys ; yes even the rocks and 
the caverns, resound with the noise and din of busy millions. With 
its population of nearly 3,000,000, Missouri embracing an area 
of 65,350 square miles, or 41,821,0D3 acres, would accommodate 


another million families very easily, and still have room for another 
million or two without crowding. Rich in nature's noblest productions, 
o;rand in historic memories, interestino; in varied landscapes of moun- 
tain and prairie, meadows, hills and streamlets, this state should claim 
more than a passings notice. The geographical center of the United 
States, Missouri has always occiipied a prominent place in our coun- 
try's history. In general resources Missouri is certainly the i iiperial 
state. Every known mineral is found within her borders in quanties 
large and. small. Many years before any permanent settlement was 
made in the state by the whites, lead was mined within the limits of 
the state at a number of points along the Mississippi, while to-day, 
hundreds of mines are opened and many of them being successfully 
operated. Copper and zinc ore have been found in a number of varie- 
ties and mines have been opened and successfully worked, yielding good 
returns. Zinc, especially, is found in abundant (juantities in nearly 
all of the lead mines in the southwestern part of the state. Promi- 
nent among the minerals which have done so much towards advertis- 
ing Missouri as a mining state is its inexhaustible beds of iron. Of 
this ore she is aljundantly supplied with the best and purest quality. 
While iron ore is found in paying quantities in twenty-live or thirty 
counties of the state, the greatest deposits are perhaps those of Iron 
Mountain, being 200 feet high and covering an area of 500 acres, pro- 
ducing a metal which by analysis contains from 65 to 69 per cent, of 
pure metalic iron. Although the development of her coal fields is yet 
in its infancy, Missouri has been abundantly supplied with the heat 
producing black diamond. The fact has been proven by geological 
surveys that the coal deposits of the state are almost innumerable, em- 
bracing all varieties of the l>ituminous coal, easy of access, from whose 
beds generations yet unborn may extract an ample supply to 
meet the comforts of life. Unimportant with the foregoing, yet the 
source of great wealth, are the sandstones of the state, its gypsum, 
and lime, clays and paints, and its mineral waters. 

To discuss at length the many natural resources with which an all- 
wise and beneficent Creator has seen fit to bless this state, would be 
a very arduous task and a delicate responsibility which we do not de- 
sire to assiuiie here. Nature has done nuich for Missouri and Missou- 
rians in turn are improving their God-given opportunities. Situated 
as she is, from a geographical standpoint and as to population, in the 
center of the United States, the great commonwealth of Missouri 
could in an emergency, provide the entire country with the necessaries 


of life for quite a lenghty period. The state is exceptionally well 
watered, drouths are uncommon, floods rare, and the fertility of the 
soil such that a total failure of crops is unknown. 

Its climate is mild, salubrious and healthful. No sandstorms 
sweep over her prairies, no simooms devast her tields nor do "north- 
ers" scatter disease in her train. In agriculture, Missouri ranks third 
in the union, in the value of its farm products. The soil is diversified 
and capable of producing not only grains and fruits common to tem- 
perate zones but cotton and semi-tropical fruits. Its corn-fields yield 
upwards of 200,0()0,()00 bushels yearly, and while not strictly a small 
grain state, from 60,(,)00,00<J to 75,000,000 Imshels of wheat and other 
grain are harvested every year. Every vegetable and fruit which can 
be grown in the temperate zone can be raised here protital)ly if care- 
fully and intelligently undertaken. Its potatoes, sweet and Irish, are 
among the finest produced in the country, while its grapes, apples, 
pears, peaches, plums, apricots and quinces are large and delicious in 
flavor. Tobacco and cotton are also cultivated with success. Soil and 
scenery of every known type are found within her borders. While 
the state possesses no exceptionally high mountains, her people boast 
of forests and hills delightful to the eye and overflowing with wealth 
a])()ve and below the surface. 

Missouri is truly a great commonwealth of happy homes. Her 
])eople are industrious and intelligent and consequently contented and 
happy. The state has never indulged in wild advertising schemes to 
induce strangers to come here and purchase property at fabulous 
prices, that the owners might be able to pay their deljts and leave the 
country. AVhile it has had much to contend with, it has come out 
grandly, paying all its de])ts. To-day her bonds command a higher 
premium than those of any other state. Her school fund is the largest 
and her pul)lic school system will compare favorably with sister states 
that have had the advantage of many more years of experience. No 
state in, the union possesses so many advantages and our people appre- 
ciate the fact. With the "Father of Waters" washing the entire east- 
ern border, the "Big Muddy" dividing the state in twain, and a per- 
fect network of railroads leading to excellent markets on either side, 
profit in all kinds of business is assured, hence the people of the state 
are satisfied to live and die on Missouri soil. They are proud of the 
state and cherish its grand memories with grateful devotion. They 
love its laws, revere its institutions and are loyal to its government. 
Tlsej nr§ eharmed by its grandeur and picturesque beauty of its seen- 


ery and never tire of the splendid panorama of widening views that 
stretch out into the dim distance until earth and sky seem to meet. 
She is one of the fairest states of the sisterhood, well worthy of the 
following eloquent tribute j^aid her by Hon. Wm. H. Wallace in a 
speech delivered by him at Kansas City in 1890, as follows: 


"Grand, beautiful, magniticent Missouri! Where rolling prairies, 
fertile valleys, mighty forests, placid lakes, majestic rivers, enchant 
the eye and woo the heart; where flowers of every hue and clime fresh- 
en in the eveninof dews till the green ivy of the north and the fragrant 
magnolia of the south meet each other in a common home and rebuk- 
ing sectional hate entwine their arms in tenderest love; where l)irds t)f 
every note and plumage wend their merry flight, from the humming- 
bird that flutters in the honeysuckle to the eagle that builds his eyrie 
in the craggy clifl', while the mocking bird, the nightengale and the 
bobolink Avake the forest with ringing melodies sweet as those that 
rose in paradise; where the perch, the croppy and the bass leap in the 
sunbeams and the hunter's horn rouses the fleet footed fox and the 
bounding deer ! Fertile, bounteous, exhaustless Missouri. Where 
yellow harvests are locked in the golden sunshine rich as those that 
ripened in the land of Nile; where corn and cotton flourish in a 
common soil, and the apple and peach grow in luscious beauty side ))y 
side; where exhaustless beds of coal, lead and zinc lie sleeping in the 
earth, and mountains of iron await the blazing forge. Enterprising, 
majestic, imperial Missouri. Where more than half a million souls 
have swelled our number during the past decade; where the lights of a 
genuine Christian civilization, like vestal virgins, holds their vigils, 
unerring and undying as the silvery stars, and where under the soft 
and hallowed flame Progress, like the Hebrew giant, l)ursting the 
withes protection is ever tying about his limits, is leaping forward in 
the great race for material wealth and glory with l)ounding strides un- 
surpassed in all the sisterhood of states. Educated, intelligent. God- 
fearing Missouri. Where school houses so thickly dot the hills and 
plains that voice meet voice from merry children romping on the lea 
till one vast chorus muants the skies; where from every city, village, 
hamlet, the graceful sjjires and the church going bell call the wav to 
Heaven; where thousands of Christian, homes cluster by the rivers 
and' on the hill tops, with the open fire and the dancing flames, with 
the: old arm chair and the well worn Bible — cherished scenes, where 
first we learned to lisp the name of father, mother, sister, brother, 



Sacred, tender, hallowed old Missouri soil. Beloved land of niino^led 
joy and o^rief ! Where all the Howers of youth have grown and bloom- 
ed and childhood's merry laughter, in gleeful echoes, linger still to 
cheer and thrill the drooping heart. Where many a hope has perished 
in an hour and many a falling tear has found a grave; where our moth- 
ers first taught us to kneel in prayer, and where, under the willows 
and by the brooks, the forms of loved ones gone before us await our 
coming to slumber by them till the resurrection morn." 


A])AiR. — Organized Jan. 20, 1841 and was named for Adair 
county, Ky., whence some of the early prominent settlers came. 

Andrew. — Organized Jan. 29, ISll, and was named in honor of 
Andrew Jackson Davis, a prominent lawyer of St. Louis. 

Atchison. — Organized Fel)ruary 14, 184.5; was named in honor of 
Hon. David K. Atchison. He was born in Frogtown, Faj^ette Co., 

Kentucky, Aug. 11, 1807; was educated 
for the bar; removed to Missouri in 
1830 and elected to the State Legisla- 
ture in 1834 and '38; in 1841 was ap- 
pointed Judge of the Platte county cir- 
cuit court, and in 1843 was appointed a 
senator in Congress, and subsequently 
elected for two successive terms. He 
served for one day as President of the 
^- United States, holding the office for 
twenty-four hours on Sunday, between 
the o-oing out of one President and the 
incoming of his successor. Upon his 
retirement from the senate, he turned 
his attention to agriculture, and died 
in 1886. 

Barton. — Organized Dec. 12, 18,55 and was named in honor of 
Hon. David Barton, one of the two first United States senators from 

Bates. — Organized Jan. 29, 1841, and was named for Hon. Ed- 
ward Bates, of St. Louis, and a native of Goochland county, Virginia; 
born September 4, 1793; moved to St. Louis in 1814; studied law for 





two years, and began to ])ractice in 
1816. In 1818 was proseciitin Of attor- 
ney of 8t. Louis circuit; in l82o a 
delegate to the State Constitutional 
convention, and tlie same year a})- 
pointed Attorney-General of tiie new 
state of Missouri; in lcS24: was ap- 

-■_ pointed United States attorney for 

^I:; the Missouri District, and in 182<! 
^ was elected a representative in Con- 
gress, In 1850 lie declined the ap- 
pointment, by President Fillmore, of 
Secretary of War, and in 1853 was 
elected J udge of the St. Louis Land 
Court, which he afterwards resigned. 
In 1856 he presided at the Whig convention of Baltimore, and in 1858 
i-eceived from Harvard University the degree of LL, 1). His death 
occurred in St. Louis, March 25, 1869. 

Benton. — Organized Jan. 8, 1835 and named in honor of Hon. 
Thomas H. Benton, Missouri's great senator. 

Bollinger. — Organized March 1, 1851, was named in honor of 
Maj. Geo. F. Bollinger, one of the first settlers and a prominent mem- 
ber of the Territorial Legislature, etc. The county seat. Marble Hill, 
originally called Dallas, was so named from the alleged natiu'al charac- 
ter of the site. 

Boone. — Organized Novemljer 16, 1820 and named for Missouri's 
pioneer settler, Daniel Boone. 

Buchanan. — Organized February 10, 183i), named for Hon. 
James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. The tirst county seat was Sparta, 
near the center of the county; in 184:6 it was moved to St. Jose[)h. 

Butler. — Organized February 27, 184:t>. Xamed in honor of 
Gen. William O. Butler, of Kentucky, a prominent American ofticer 
in the war with Mexico, and democratic candidate for vice-president 
in 1848. 

Callaway. — Organized November 25, 1820; was named for Capt. 
James Callaway, grandson of Daniel Boone, and who was killed by the 
Indians in the southern part of Montgomery county, March 8, 1815. 
Camden, — Originally created Jan. 21), 1841, and called Kinder- 

hook, for the country seat of President Van l)uren. Jn 18-13 the 
name was changed to Camden, for a county in North Carolina. 


Caldwell, — Oro^anized Decenil)er 26, 1836; was named for Col. 
«John Caldwell, of Kentucky, ]»y the author of the organizino- act, 
Alex W. Doniphan. 

Cape Gikarueau. — One of the oria;inal ''districts" oro;anized Oc- 
tober 1, 1812; reduced to its present limits March .5, 184U, Named 
for the town founded l)y Louis Lorimerin 1794. Jackson, the county 
seat, was incorporated in 1824 and named for "Old Hickory." 

Carroll. — Ororanized Jan. 3, 1833. Named in honor of Charles 
Carroll, of Carrollton, one of the sio-ners of the Declaration. 

Carter. — Organized March li), 1851), and named for one of its 
earliest and most ))rominent citizens, Zimri Carter. 

Cass. — Oro-anized September 14, 1835, and first called Van Buren, 
in lu)nor of President Van Buren, whom Missourians at that day 
tlelighted to honor; but in 1849, after he had been the presidential 
candidate of the Free Soil party in the preceding canvass, the name 
was changed to Cass, in honor of Lewis Cass, of Michigan, the Demo- 
cratic candidate in 1848, defeated l)y Gen, Taylor. 

Cedar. — Organized February 14, 1845, and named for its prin- 
cipal stream. 

Chariton. — Organized November 16, 182U, and named for the 
town of Chariton, which was laid out in 1817, and located near the 
mouth of the river of that name. Lewis and Clark were of the opin- 
ion that the original name of the Chariton was ""Theriaton", but 
others asserted that the word is old French, and signifies a chariot or 
little wagon, a corruption of charrette probably. The first county seat 
was Chariton, long extinct. Keytesville, the present county seat was 
laid out in 1832 and named by its fonder, James Keyte, for himself. 

Christian. — Organized March 8, 1860, and was probably named 
for a county in Kentucky. 

Clark.— Organized in 1838, (many authorities say 1818, but the 
Clark county then organized was in Arkansas) named in honor of Gov, 
WnL Clark, of the Lewis and Clark expedition, and the first Gov- 
ernor of the Territory of Missouri proper, serving from 1813 to 182U. 

Clay, — Organized January 2, 1822, and named in honor of Henry 
Clay. Liberty, the county seat, was laid out the same year. 

Clinton. — Organized January 15, 1833; reduced to its present 
size in 1841. Named for Vice-President George Clinton, of New 

Cole. — Organized November 16, 1820, and named for Captain 
Stephen Cole, a noted pioneer of Missouri, who Ijuilt Cole's Fort, at 


the present site of Boonville. His death occurred sometime in the 
thirties, it is said, while on "the pkiins." 

Cooper. — Organizer December 17, 1818, was named for Captain 
Sarshell Cooper, another prominent pioneer, killed by the Indians 
while seated at his own lireside in '"Cooper's Fort," Howard county, 
April 14, 1814. Boonville, the county seat, was laid out in 1817 and 
named for Daniel Boone. 

Crawford. — Orcranized January 23, 1829 and named in honor of 
Hon. William H. Crawford, of Georgia, candidate for President in 

Dade. — Organized January 29, 1841, and was named for Major 
Dade, of Seminole Massacre fame. The name of the coimty seat, 
Greenfield, has no special significance. 

Dallas. — Originally called Niangua, and organized in 1S42; 
changed to Dallas, December 10, 1844, and named in honor of Hon. 
Geo. M. Dallas, of Pennsylvania, then vice-President elect. 

Daviess. — Organized December 29, 1836; was named in honor of 
Col. Jos. H. Daviess, of Kentuck}', who fell at the battle of Tippeca- 
noe, in 1811. Gallatin, the count}" seat, was laid out in 1837 and 
named for the old Swiss financier, Albert Gallatin, Secretary of the 
Treasury from 1801 to 1813. 

DeKalb. — Organized February 25, 184.5 and named in honor of 
the Baron DeKalb, of the Kevolution, who fell at the battle of Camden. 

Dent. — Organized February 10, 1851. Named in honor of Lewis 
Dent, a Tennessean, who settled in the county in 1835, and was its 
first representative, elected in 1862. Salem, the county seat, was lo- 
cated in 1852. Perhaps, when christened, its founders had in mind 
the Hebrew word Salem, signifying peace. 

Douglas. — Organized October 19, 1S57, w.m na^ns I for Stephan 
A. Douglas. 

DuNKLix. — Organized February 14, 1845, was named in honor of 
Daniel Dunklin, Governor of the State from 1832 to 1836; Surveyor- 
General of the United States, etc. 

Franklin. — Organized December 11, 1818; was named in honor 
of Benjamin Franklin. The first county seat was at Newport, but in 
1830 was removed to Union. 

Gasconade. — Organized November 25, 1820; named for the river. 
Peduced to its present limits (nearly) 1835. Hermann was laid out in 
1837, and became the county seat in 1845. 

Gentry. — Organized February 12, 1841. Named in honor of 


Col. Richard Gentry, of Boone County, who fell at the head of the 
^Missouri regiment in the battle against the Seminole Indians at Okee- 
chobee, Fla., on Christmas day, 1S37. The county seat, Albany, was 
at lirst called Athens. 

Greene. — Organized Januaiy 2, 1833; named for General Na- 
thaniel Greene, of the War of the Revolution. Springfield, the 
county seat, was named for the seat of justice of Robertson county, 

Grundy. — Organized January 2, 1841; was named for Hon. Felix 
Grundy, of Tennessee, attorney-general of the United States from 
1838 to 1810, etc. Trenton was selected the county seat in 1813. 

Harkrison. — Organized February 11, 1815. Named in honor of 
Hon. Albert G. Harrison, of Callaway county, a representative in 
Congress from the state from 1831 to 1839, dying in the latter year. 

Henry. — Originally called Rives, in honor of William C. Rives, 
of Virginia, then a democratic politician of national reputation. Or- 
ganized December 13, 1831. In 1810 Mr. Rives became a Whig, and 
in 1811 the name of the county was changed to Henry, in honor of 
Patrick Henry. 

Hickory. — Organized February 11, 1815, was named for the so- 
briquet of Andrew Jackson. Hermitage, the county seat, was named 
for "Old Hickory's" residence. 

Holt. — In 1839 the territory in the Platte Purchase, north of 
Buchanan county, was organized into the "Territory" of "Ne-at-a- 
wah," and attached to Buchanan. "Ne-at-a-wah" included the present 
counties of Andrew, Holt, Atchison and Nodaway. In 1811 this terri- 
tory was subdivided and the county of "Nodaway" organized, but a 
few weeks later the Legislature changed the name to Holt, in honor 
of Hon. David Rice Holt, the representative from Platte county, who 
had died during the session, and l)uried at Jeflerson City. 

Howard. — Organized January 23, 1816 and named in honor of 
Col. Benjamin Howard, Governor of the "Territory of Louisiana" 
from 1810 to 1812. Old Franklin was the first county seat but in 1823 
Fayette (named for Gen. LaFayette) became the county seat. 

Howell. — -Organized March 2, 1857. Named for James Howell, 
who settled in HowelFs Valley in 1832. 

Iron. — Organized February 17, 1857 and named for its principal 
mineral. The origin of the name of its county seat, Ironton, is ap- 

Jackson. — Organized December 15, 1826, and named for "The 


hero of New Orleans." Independence, the county seat, was hiid out 
m 18L>7. 

Jaspek. — Organized January 29, 1841. Named for kSergt. eJas- 
l)er, a noted soldier of the Revolution, who planted the flag on Fort 
Moultrie, amidst a shower of British cannon balls, and fell at the as- 
sault on Savannah in 1770. 

Jefferson. — Organized December 8, 1818, and named for 
Thomas Jefferson. The first county seat was at Herculaneum. In 
1835 it was removed to the present site, then called Monticello, and 
in 1837 the designation of the caj^ital of Jefferson was changed tq 

JoHN.'-o>f. — Organized Decemljer 13, 1834, and named for Colonel 
Richard M. Johnson, of Kentucky, "The Slayer of Tecumseh," who 
was afterwards, from 1837 to 1841, vice-president of the United 
States. The town of Warrensburg is the county seat and Avas founded 
in 1835 and named for John and Martin D. Warren. 

Kn'^x. — Organized February 14, 1845, named in honor of Gen. 
Henry Knox, the Boston Bookseller, who during the Revolutionary 
War became Washington's chief of artillery, and who, the night before 
the battle of Trenton, we are told, "'Went about tugo-ing at his gun 
like a Trojan and swearing like a pirate." He was the tirst Secretary 
of War of the United States. Edina, the county seat, was founded in 
1839 and named for the ancient capital of Scotland. 

Laclede— Organized February 24, 1849, and named for Pierre 
Laclede Liguest, often called Laclede, the founder of St. Louis. The 
county seat, Lebanon, was named for a town in Tennessee. 

Lafayette. —Organized November 16, 1820. In 1334 the name 
of the county was changed from Lillard to Lafayette in honor of 
Marquis de la Fayette. Lexington is the county seat, but the first 
county seat was Mt. Vernon. 

Lawrence. -The first organization of a county called 
Lawrence in 1818, was never perfected. The present county was 
created February 25, 1845 and named for the gallant Yankee sea cap- 
tain, James Lawrence, who said, "Don't give up the ship." Mt. 
Vernon, tl e county seat, was located the same year. 

Lewis. — Organized Jan. 2, 1833, was named for Capt. Merri- 
wether Lewis, of the Lewis and Clark expedition, who was Governor 
of the Territory of Louisiana from 1807 to 1809, and who committed 
suicide in Tennessee the latter year while on his way to Washington. 



Monticello, the county seat, was laid out in 1834, and named after the 

country seat of Thomas Jefferson. 

Lincoln. — Org-anized December 14, 1818, and named for Gen. 

Benjamin Lincoln, of the Revohition. Troy, (orio;inally called Wood's 

Fort) became the county seat in 1811>. 

Linn. — Organized January 7, 1837, and was named in honor of 

Dr. Lewis F. Linn, a g-entleman of remarkable a])ilities, honored and 

respected by the best men of his day for his manifold virtues. He was 

born in Louisville, Kentucky, No- 
vember 5, 1796; studied medicine, 
and in 1809 removed to Missouri; 
in 1814 assisted in tighting- the bat- 
ties of his country, and in 1827 was 
elected to the State Legislature. 
In 1833 he was elected a senator in 
Congress, serving until his death, 
which occurred at St. Genevieve, 
Missouri, Oct. 3, 1843. Through- 
out his active career he identified 
himself with the people of the Mis- 
sissippi valley, l)y whom his death 
was greatly regretted. 
Livingston. — Organized January 6, 1837. Was named for Hon. 

Edward Livingston, who was Secretary of State from 1831 to 1833. 

The county seat, Chillicothe, (an Indian name said to signify "the 

big town where we live") was founded in 1837. 

McDonald. — Organized March 3, 1849, supposedly named for 

Sergt. McDonald, a South Carolina trooper of the Revolution. The 

lirst county seat was Rutlege, but was subse(iuently removed to Pine- 

ville, which was originally called Marysville. 

Macon." — Organized January 6, 1837, and named for Nathaniel 

Macon, of North Carolina. 

Madison. — Organized December 14, 1818, and named for Presi- 
dent Madison. The first county seat was St. Michael, near the present 

capital, Fredricktown, which was located in 1821. 

Maries. — Organized March 2, 185.5, and named for the two 

streams, Marie and Little Marie. 

Marion. — Organized December 23, 1826, and named for Gen. 

Francis Marion, "The Swamp Fox." Palmyra, always the county 

seat, was laid oft' in 1819. 


Mercer. — Organized February 14, 1845. Named in honor of 
Gen. Hugh Mercer, of the Revolution; Princetown, the county seat, 
was so called for the battle in which he lost his life. 

MiLivER. —Organized February 6, 1837; was named in honor of 
John Miller, a Colonel under Harrison in the War of 1812; Governor 
of Missouri from 1826 to 1832, and member of Congress from 1836 to 

Mississippi. — Organized February 14, 1845, and named for the 
Father of Waters. 

Moniteau. — Organized February 14, 1845, and named for the 
stream, whose name is a corruption of the Indian word Manitou, mean- 
ing the Deity. 

Monroe. — Organized January 6, 1831, and named in honor of 
James Monroe. Paris, the county seat, was settled in 1831. 

Montgomery. — Organized December 14, 1818, and named for 
General Richard Montgomery, who fell at the storming of Quebec. 

Morgan. — Organized January 5, 1833, and named for General 
Daniel Morgan, who commanded the famous riflemen in the Revolu- 
tion. The first county seat was at Millville, now extinct, but in 1834 
was removed to Versailles. 

New Madrid. — One of the original "'districts." Organized Oc- 
tober 1, 1812, and named for the town (the county seat) which proper- 
ly speaking, was founded by Gen. Morgan, of New Jersey, in 1788. 

Newton. — Organized Deceml)er 31, 1838; was named in honor of 
Sergt. Newton, the comrade of Jasper, the Revolutionary hero. The 
name given the county seat, Neosho, is a corruption of the Osage In- 
dian word, Ne-o-zho. 

Nodaway. — Organized February 14, 1845, and was named for 
the stream flowing through it. The name is a corruption of Ni-di-wah, 
a Sac and Fox Indian word, neaning "hearsay.'" (It will be remem- 
bered that the original designation of Holt county was Nodaway.) 
Maryville, the county seat, was laid off in 1845, and named for its 
first lady resident, ISIrs. Mary Graham. 

Oregon. — Organized February 14, 1845, was named for the ter- 
ritory then under discussion. 

Osage. — Organized January 29, 1841, and named for the river 
which forms the greater portion of its western boundary. The river 
was named by the French, more than 100 years ago, from the tribe of 
Indians upon its banks. Linn, the county seat, was named in honor 
of Senator Lewis F. Linn. 


Ozark. — Orcranized January 29, 1841. In 1843 the name was 
chancred to Decatur, in honor of the famous fio;htino; Commodore, 
Stephen Decatur, but in 1845 its present title was restored. 

Pemiscot. —Organized February 19, 1801, was named for the 
hirge bayou within its borders. The word signifies "liquid nnid."''' 
Gayoso, the county seat, was named for a prominent Spanish official 
of the territorial days. 

Perry. — Organized November 16, 1820, and was named in honor 
of Commodore Oliver H. Perry, the hero of Lake Erie. Perryville, 
the county seat, was located in 1821. 

Pettis. — Organized January 26, 1833; was named in honor of 
Hon. Spencer Pettis, of St. Louis, and a memljer of Congress from 
Missouri in 1828-31, and who was killed in a duel with Maj. Thomas 
Biddle, on Bloody Island, in the latter year. The first county seat was 
estal)lished at St. Helena, but in 1837 it was removed to Georgetown 
and in 1862 to Sedalia. The last named town was laid out in 1859 and 
named by its founder, Gen. George R. Smith, for his daughter, Sarah, 
who was familiarly called "Sade" and "Sed." 

Phelps. —Organized November 13, 1857, and was named in honor 
of Hon. John S. Phelps, of Greene county, member of Congress from 
1844 to 1862 and Governor from 1877 to 1881. 

Pike. — Organized December 14, 1818. Named in honor of Gen. 
Zebulon Pike, who explored the Upper Mississippi in 1805; visited 
Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico and other territory of the west in 
1806; discovered the mountain which yet bears the name of Pike's 
Peak, and who was killed at the battle of York, in Canada, in April, 
1813. Bowling Green was laid out in 1819, and became the county 
seat in 1824, upon its removal from Louisiana. 

Platte. — ^Organized December 31, 1838, and was named indi- 
rectly for the Platte river, which flows through it, and from which the 
Platte Purchase was named. Platte City, the county seat, was orig- 
inally called Falls of Platte. 

Polk. — Organized March 13, 1835, and named in honor of James 
K. Polk, of Tennessee, who afterwards, in 1844, became President. 
He had many admirers among the first settlers, who had known him 
in Tennessee before their removal to Missouri. 

Pulaski. — Organized December 15, 1818; was named in honor of 
Count Pulaski, who fell at Savannah during the Revolution. 

Putnam. — Organized Fel)ruary 28, 1845, and was named for Gen. 
Israel PutnaiiL Has had a number of county seats, but was finally 



located at harmony, the present name of which is Unionville. 

Ralls. — Organized November 16, 1820, anil was named for Dan- 
iel Ralls, at that time a member of the LeffisUxture from Pike count}'. 

New London was laid out in 1819. 

Randolph. - Oro:anized January 22, 1820, and named for John 

Randol])h, of Koanoke. Huntsville, named for Judg-e Ezra Hunt, ))e- 

came the county seat in 1830. 

Ray. — Organized November 16, 1820; was named for Hon. John 

Ray, a memljer of the Constitutional Convention from Howard* county. 

The first county seat was Blutfton, but was removed to Richmond in 


Reynonds. — Organized February 25, 1845. Named in honor of 

Hon. Thomas Reynolds, Governor of Missouri from 'il to '44, in 

which latter year he committed suicide at the capital. 

Ripley. - Organized January 5, 1813, and was named for Gen. 

Ripley, of the war of 1812. Doniphan, the county seat was named in 

honor of Col. A. W. Doniphan, of Clay county, Missouri's renouned 

hero of the Mexican war, he hav- 
ing led an expedition from Mis- 
souri, which in many respects is 
considered the most wonderful 
military expedition in all history. 
The Missourians, under the com- 
mand of Col. Doniphan, traveled 
from this state throug-h an unin- 
habited country, to Santa Fe, a 
distance of 000 miles in less than 
tifty days. Col. Doniphan's expe- 
dition traveled 3,000 miles, fought 
many battles with a loss of less 
than fifty men, and gained for the 
United States, New Mexico, a 

track of land twice as large as Missouri. 

St. Clair. -Organized January 20, 1811, was named for Gen. 

Arthur St. Clair, of the Revolution. Oceola, named for the noted 

Seminole chief, became the county seat in 1812. 

St. Francois. — Organized December 10, 1821, was named for 

the river. Farmington the present county seat, was not laid out unti 

the year of 1856. 

Ste. Genevieve. — One of the original "districts," was organized 


October 1, 1812, and named for the town, which was founded practi- 
cally, in 1703, although settled, probably, in 1735. 

St. Charles— One of the orio;inal "districts," was oro;anize(l 
Octol)er 1, 18 IS, and named for the town which was named by the 

St. Louis. - One of the orio-inal "districts," was oro;anized Oct. 
1, 1812, and named for the town, which in turn was named for Kino; 
Louis XV of France, havino; l)een founded by Pierre Laclede in 17()4. 
Clayton was made the county seat in 1875. 

Saline. — Oro:anized November 25, 1820, named for its salt 
sprinofs. County seats in their order have been Jefferson, Jonesboro, 
Arrow Rock and Marshall. 

Schuyler. — Organized February 14, 1845, was named for (xen. 
Phillip Schuyler of the Revolution. The first county seat was at Tip- 
pecanoe; Lancaster, the present capital, was laid out in 1845. 

Scotland. - Organized January 21), 1841, was named by Hon. S. 
W. B, Carnegy, in honor of the land of his ancestors. He surveyed 
and named the town of Edinburg, and also the town of pjdna, in Knox 
county. The first courts in Scotland were held at Sand Hill, l)ut in 
1843 the county seat was located at Memphis. 

Scott. — Organized December 28, 1821, was named for Hon. John 
Scott, the first Ct)ngressman from Missouri. The first county seat 
was at Benton. 

Shannon. — Organized January 29, 1841, was named for Hon. 
George F. Shannon, a prominent lawyer and politician of the state, 
who dropped dead in the courthouse at Palmyra, in August, 1836. 

Shelby. -Organized January 2, 1835, was named in honor of 
(len. Isaac Shelby, who fought at King's Mountain, in the Revolution, 
and was sul)sequently Governor of Kentucky. The first county seat 
was Oak Dale, but in 1836 was located at Shelbyville. 

Stoddard. — Organized January 2, 1836, was named in honor of 
Capt. Amos Stoddard of Connecticut, who took possession of Missouii 
in the name of his government after the Louisiana purchase. 

Stone. — Organized February 10, 1851, was named for the stony 
character of • its soil. Galena, the county seat, was so named for the 
presents of that mineral in the vicinity. 

Sullivan.— Fully organized February 16, 1843, was named l)y 
Hon. E. C. Morelock for his native county in Tennessee. In the pre- 
liminary organization, in 1843, the county was named Highland. The 


first courts were held at the house of A. C. Hill, on the present site of 
Milan, which became the county seat in 1845. 

Taney.— Organized January 6, 1837, was named in honor of 
Chief Justice Taney. Forsyth, the county seat, was located in 1838, 
and named in honor of Hon. John Forsyth; of Georgia, Secretary of 
State of the United States from 1834 to 1841. 

Texas. — Organized February 14, 184.5, was named for the Lone 
Star State. Houston, the county seat, was named for Gen. Sam 
Houston, the "hero of San Jacinto." 

Vernon. — Organized as at present February 27, 1855 and named 
for Hon. Miles Vernon, a member, of the State Senate from Laclede 
county, who fought under Gen. Jackson at New Orleans, and who 
presided over the Senate branch of the "Claib Jackson Legislature" 
which passed the "Ordinance of Secession," at Neosho, October 28, 
1861. Nevada, the county seat, was originally called Nevada City, 
and named by Col. D. C. Hunter, for a town in California. 

Warren. — Organized January 5, 1833, was named for Gen. 
.foseph Warren, who fell at Bunker Hill. Warrenton became the 
county seat, in 1835. 

Washington. — Organized August 21, 1813, was named for the 
"Father of His Country." It is claimed that Potosi, the county seat, 
was first settled in 1765. 

Wayne. — Organized December 11, 1818, when it comprised the 
greater part of the southern one third of the State. It was formerly 
called by the sobriquet of "the State of Wayne" and latterly "the 
mother of counties." It was named in honor of Gen. Anthony 
Wayne, of the Revolution. Greenville, the county seat, was laid out 
in 1818 and named for the scene of Gen. Wayne's treaty. 

Webster. — Organized March 3, 1855, and named for Daniel 
Webster. The county seat, Marshfield, was named for Webster's 
country seat. 

Worth. — Organized February 8, 1861, and named in honor of 
Gen. William Worth, one of the prominent American commanders in 
the Mexican War. Grant City, the county seat, was laid off in 1864, 
and named for General Grant. 

Wright. — Organized January 29, 1841, was named for Hon. 
Silas Wright, of New York, a leading democratic statesman of that 
period. Hartsville was named for the owner of the site. 



Below we give the population of the state ])y counties accordino; 
to the census of 1890. In 1800 the total population of the state was 
only 7,028. Ten years later in numbered 20,845; in 1820 the census 
report gives it as about 66,000, while in 1850 Missouri was the home 
of 682,0-14 people. The next ten years increased the number to 1,182,- 
012. In 1870 it was 1,721,295 and in 1880 had grown to 2,168,380. 
According to the last census Missouri's total population is 2,679,184, 
divided as follows: 


Adair I7)4i7 Dent 12,149 

Andrew ... 16,000 Douglas 14, 1 11 

Atchison i5>533 Dunklin 15,085 

Audrain 22,074 Franklin 28,056 

Barry 22,943 Gasconade 11,706 

Barton 18,504 Gentry 19,018 

Bates 32,223 Green .' 48,616 

Benton 14.973 Grundy 17,876 

Bollinger 13,121 Harrison 21,033 

Boone 26,043 Henry 28,235 

Buchanan 70, 100 Hickory 9.453 

Butler 10,164 Holt 15,469 

Caldwell 15,152 Howard 17,371 

Callaway 25,131 Howell 18,618 

Camden 10,040 Iron 9,191 

Cape Girardeau 22,060 Jackson 160,510 

Carroll 25,742 Jasper 50,500 

Carter 4,^59 Jefferson 22,484 

Cass 23,301 Johnson 28, 132 

Cedar 15,620 Knox 13,501 

Chariton 26,254 Laclede 14,701 

Christian .. 14,017 Lafayette 30,184 

Clark 15,126 Lawrence 26,228 

Clay 19,856 Lewis i5>935 

Clinton i7, 138 Lincoln 18,346 

Cole 17,281 Linn 24,121 

Cooper 22,707 Livingston 20,658 

Crawford 11,961 McDonald 11,283 

Dade 17,526 Macon 30,575 

Dallas 12,647 Madison 9,268 

Daviess 20,456 Maries 8,600 

DeKalb i+,539 Marion 26,233 



Mercer 14,581 Ripley 8,512 

Miller 14,162 St. Charles 22,977 

Mississippi 10, 134 St. Clair 16,747 

Moniteau 15,630 St. Francois 17, 347 

Monroe 20,790 Ste. Genevieve 9,883 

Montgomery 16,850 St. Louis Co 36,307 

Morgan 12,311 St. Louis City 451,770 

New Madrid 9,317 Saline 33-762 

Newton 22, 108 Schuyler 11, 249 

Nodaway 30,914 Scotland 12,674 

Oregon 10,467 Scott 11,228 

Osage 13,080 Shannon 8,8g8 

Ozark 9,795 Shelby 15,642 

Pemiscot 5,975 Stoddard 17,327 

Perry 13,237 Stone 7,090 

Pettis 31,151 Sullivan 19,000 

Phelps , 12,636 Taney 7,973 

Pike 26,321 Texas 19,406 

*Platt 16,248 Vernon 31,505 

Polk 20,339 Warren 9,913 

Pulaski 9,387 Washington ■ i3,i35 

Putnaii) 15-365 Wayne 11,927 

Ralls 12,294 Webster ....13,177 

Randolph 24,893 Worth 8,738 

Ray 24,215 Wright 14,484 

Reynolds 6,803 Total 2,679,184 


In 1880 Missouri had only 14 cities and towns, each having a pop- 
idation of 400U and over, ao-o-regating 505,903. In 3 890 there were 29 
cities and towns with a popuhition of 4,000 and over, aggregating 811,- 
568 — an increase in the population of cities and towns of this class of 
305,655, or 60.42 per cent. 


St. Louis. 451,770 Webb City 5,043 

Kansas City ^132, 716 Trenton 5-039 

St. Joseph 52,324 Mexico 4,789 

Springfield 21,850 Clinton 4,737 

Sedalia 14,068 Warrensburg 4,706 

Hannibal 12,857 Brookfield 4,547 

Jophn 9,943 Lexington 4,537 


Moberly 8,215 Fulton 4,314 

Carthage 7.981 Cape Girardeau 4,297 

Nevada 7,262 Marshall 4,297 

Jefferson City 6,742 Boonville 4,141 

Independence 6,380 Maryvillg 4,037 

St. Charles 6, 161 Rich Hill 4,008 

Chillicothe 5, 71 7 Columbia 4,000 

Louisiana 5,090 

"■'Includes 13,048, by decision of the Supreme Court of Missouri, are now 
outside the limits of Kansas City. 

Governors of Missouri. 

1820 to 1896. 

Alexander McNaik, tirst Governor of the State, was born in 
Pennsylvania in 1774, where he received a fair P^ education. 
About the time he reached his majority, his parents died, and he and 
his brother agreed upon the division of their estate in the foUowing 
manner — that whosoever sliould l)e victor in a fair encounter should be 
owner of the homestead, Alexander lost and it is to that fact that he 
afterwards acknowledged he owed the honor of being Governor of 
Missouri. His removal to MissDuri was in 1804, when he located at 

St. Louis and for 
was United States 
that station. In 
of 1811, he aj)- 
one of the nine- 
for pleasure'' then 
During the war of 
onel of Missouri 
United States ser- 
was elected Gov- 
receiving a majpr- 
over Wm. Clark, 
Territory for the 
ceding, he re- 
votes, the entire 
being 9,132. Mc- 

a nund;er of years 
Commissary for 
the city tax books 
pears as taxed for 
teen "carriages 
held in that city. 
1812, he was Col- 
M a 1 i t i a in the 
vice. In 1820 he 
ernor of Missouri, 
ity of 4,020 votes 
Governor of the 
eight years pre- 
c e i V i n g 2,556 
vote of the State 
Nair's death oc- 


curred in St. Louis in 1826. He was a gentleman of great .popularity 
and strict integrity. 

Fredrick Pates, second Governor, was born in Goochland coun- 
ty, Virginia, in 1777 ; studied law, and at the age of twenty went to 
Detroit, a military post, w^here he was appointed post-master. In 
1805 he was appointed, by President Jefferson, the tirst United States 
Judge for the Territory of Michigan ; having subsequently become a 
citizen of Missouri, in 1824 he was elected Governor, defeating Gen. 
William II. Ashley. Prior to his election, Mr. Bates had acceptably 




by the death of Governor Bates 

hlled many positions in the Terri- 
tory, anionof others the office of 
Lieutenant-Governor. His death, 
the result of pleurisy, occurred 
Auo^ust 1, 1825. Abraham J. 
^^'illiams, of Columbia, President 
of the Senate and ex officio Govern- 
or, then performed the duties of 
Governor until a special election 
in Septeml)er to till vacancy. His 
death occurred December 3i), 1S?)'.>, 
upon a farm he had [)urchased and 
improved, ('» miles south of Colum- 

John Miller. At the special 
election to till the vacancy created 
a very exciting and l)itter contest 
took place between the friends of Gen, John Miller, Judge David 
Todd, William C. Carr and Colonel Kufus Easton. While the popu- 
lation of the state was 62,000, only 4,963 votes were cast. General 
Miller receiving 2,380. His administration was highly satisfactory, 
and at its expiration was re-elected, serving until 1832. He was born 
in Virginia November 25, 1781; was distinguished for his courage in 
the last war with England; was soon afterwards appointed Register of 
the Land Office in Missouri and 
from 1837 to 1843 was a Represen- 
tative of the state in Congress. 
His death occurred near Flori- 
sant. Mo., March 18, 1846. 

Daniel Dunklin, fifth Gover- 
nor of Missouri, was born in South 
Carolina, in 1790^ located in Mis- 
souri in 1810 and w^as a sheriff of 
Washington county prior to the 
admission of Missouri to state- 
hood. He was elected Governor 
in 1832 but shortly before the ex- 
jjiration of his term, he resigned 




to accept the office of Surveyor- 
General of Missouri, Illinois and 
Arkansas. Ilis death occurred in 
Jetierson county, Missouri, Auo^. 
25, 1S44, at the aofc of tifty-four 

LiLBUKN W. BooGs, sixth (tOV- 
ernor of Missouri, was n native of 
Kentucky, his hiith occurrino; at 
Lexinoton, in 1790; was a soldier 
in the AVar of 1S12 and moved to 
Missouri in iSKi, eno-aoino- in the 
fur trade with the Indians. Was 
elected to the Legislature in 182(5 
and in 18'i2 ))ecaine Lieutenant 
(xovernor. Prilled the unexpired 
term of Governor Dunklin and a 
DANIEL DUNKLIN. month later was elected to the of- 

fice himself; was subsequently a member of the State Senate and died 
in 1861 in California. 

Thomas Reynolds, Governor of Missouri from 1840 to 1844, was 
born in Bracken county, Kentucky, March 12, 1796; studied law, and 
when quite young settled in Illi- 

was Clerk of the House of 
Representatives and subsequently 
elected a Representative and made 
Speaker; was Attorney-General of 
the State, and later Judge c)f the 
Supreme Court. Moved to Mis- 
souri in 1828,' settling at Fayette, 
Howard Co., became a meml)er of 
the State Legislature, and elected 
Governor in 1840. The principal 
act of Governor Reynolds"' admin- 
istration, for which he will be 
most remend)ered, was the repeal 
of all laws which permitted im- 
prisonment for de])t. The act re- 




pealing- this law was one of the 
shortest ever enacted, and simply 
read, "Imprisonment for debt is 
forever abolished/"' Governor 
Reynolds had poor health durino- 
the latter part of his administra- 
tion, which was thought to have 
impared his sanity; causing him to 
become a monomaniac, commit- 
ting suicide at Jefferson City, 
February !», 1844. Lieutenant 
(iovernor, iM. M. Marmaduke, of 
Saline county, became Governor 
and served until the followino- 
Noveml^er, being a gentleman of 
talent, and giving a wise and saf'e 
THOMAS KEYNOLDs. administration. 

John C. Edwards, ninth (Tovernor of Missouri, born in Ken- 
tucky in 1806, was reared and educated in Tennessee, where he studied 
and was licensed to practice law; removed to Missouri in 1828; ap- 
pointed Secretary of State by Governor Millei in 1830, holding the 
office seven years. For one term, was a member of the Legislature; 
elected to Congress in 1840, and Governor in 1844; a resident of Cali- 
fornia from May, 1840 until the time of his death in 1888. 

Austin A. King was born in 
Sullivan county, Tennessee, Sep- 
tember 20, ISol, where he was 
given the best educational advan- 
tages aft'orded by the coiuitry; 
studied law and was licenses to 
practice on becoming of age; re- 
moved to Missouri in 18;-30, locat- 
ing in Boone county, representing 
that county in the Legislature in 
'Sl-'SB; appointed Circuit Judge 
fi)r Kay county in 1837, which 
position he held until elected Gov- 
ernor of Missouri, the term of that 'Ivv 
office expiring in 1853. In 1802 john c. edavards. 





he was again placed upon the 
bench in Kay county, but in that 
year was elected a Representative 
from Missouri to the Thirty-eighth 
Congress, serving on the conniiit- 
tee on the , Judiciary. His death 
occurred in St. Louis, April 22, 

Sterling Price, was born in 
Virginia, in 1801), and educated at 
Hampden — Sidney College. Mov- 
ed to Missouri in 1881, first set- 
tling at Fayette, nnd two yeais 
later at Keytesville, Charit( n 
county, where he engaged in the 
mercantile and hotel business for 
two years, when he removed to a 
large farm a few miles south of that place; was elected to the Legisla- 
ture in 18i0, and re-elected in 1842, being chosen Speaker at both 
times; was a Representative in Congress from 184.5 to 1847. At the 
breaking out of the Mexican War, he resigned his position and was 
commissioned by President Polk to raise and command a regiment, 
rising to the position of Brigadier-General 'l)efore its close. As an 
anti-Benton democrat, In 1852 he 
was elected Governor of Missouri, 
defeating James Winston, the 
Whig candidate, })y a majority of 
13,461 out of 79,029 votes cast. In 
1860 Gen Price was an enthusias- 
tic supporter of Stephen A. Doug- 
las for the Presidency and was 
elected a delegate and made chair- 
man of the convention which de- 
clared Missouri would not secede. 
General Price fought nobly for 
the Union, but his friends all be- 
ing against him, in May, 1862, he 
finally succumbed and joined the >■■ ^/^ 

Confederacy, being appointed a m. m. marmrduke. 




Majoi'-Geneijil, his nauie becomino: a household word throuiihoiit the 
South for his oaUant service in behalf of the Confederacy, until it was 
van(][uished. At the close of the war, (len. Price located at St. Louis, 
eno-aoino- in the connnission business. His death occurred in that city 
in ISIh. 

Trustkn Polk, twelfth Governor of Missouri, was born in Sussex 
county, Delaware, May 29, 1811; (graduated at Yale College in 1831, 
and studied law at Yale Law School. In 1835 he emic^rated to Mis- 
souri, cnoao-int>: in the practice of his profession; durino; his absence 
from the state f >r the Ijenetit of his health, in 1845, he was chosen a 
member of the convention called to remodel the State Constitution; 
was a Presidential elector in 1848, and was elected Governor of Mis- 




^^S^^M^^ soLiri in 1856, but soon after re- 

signed for a seat in the United 
States Senate, for a term of six 
years, from March 4, 1857; was ap- 
jjointed a aieml)er on Foreign Af- 
fairs and C'hiims; hnt on January 
1(>, 18(5j?, was expelled by the re- 
})ublican members upon the charge 
of disloyalty. Gov. Polk was a 
gentleman of clean habits and great 
honor and sincerity. After the 
Avar his public acts were in the in- 
terest of his church and the cduca- 
tianal interests of the state. His 
death occurred in St. Louis in 
1870. Ujoon the resignation of 
(xovernor Polk, Lieutenant-Gover- 

ernor, Hancock Jackson, of Randolph county, performed the duties of 

Governor, until the special election in August, 1857. 

Robert M. Stewart, w^as Ijorn in New York, in 1815, where he 
received a good education; taught school; studied law and Avas admitted 
to the bar at Louisville, Kentucky; 
removed to JVIissouri in 1839 and 
a few years later located at St. 
Joseph, where he engaged in the 
practice of his profession. In 18-1:5 
he was elected a member of the 
State Constitutional Convention, 
where he soon gained considerable 
reputation as a debater. From 
1846 to 1857 he was a meml>er of 
the State Legislature; during the 
latter year was elected Governor, 
giving a satisfactory administra- 
ticn. After his retirement as 
Governor, he became editor of the 
Herald at St. Joseph, until failing 
health forced his retirement. His 
death occurred in 1871. kobert m. stewart. 



Claiborne F. Jackson, Governor of Missouri in 1860, was born 
in Fleming; county, Kentucky, April 4, 1807, and emig-ratecl to Mis- 
souri in 1822, was a captain in the Black Hawk War, and for twelve 
years a member of the State Legislature; was a prime mover in the 
organizations of the banking institutions of the State and at one time 
was Bank Commissioner ; elected Governor in 1860. AVas for a short 
time a General in the Confederate Army. The Columbia Herald in 
a special edition issued in 18!*5, speaks of Governor Jackson as fol- 

7 ^''■ 


lows: "Governor Claiborne F. Jackson was one of the most conspic- 
uous figures that Missouri ever knew. It was declared in 1861, and 
later, that he was a weak man, but at the same time no man in the 
history of the West had so much to do with its affairs or its progress. 
He was the Governor of Missouri at the outbreak of the war, and his 
efforts to lead the State into the Confederacy were met ))y the most 
determined opposition. He was the uncle of the younger Marmaduke, 
and had a great love for Missouri which nothing could undo. He had 



been reared in the South, and his many social and political ties bound 
him to her [)eople.'" His death occurred at Little Rock, Arkansas, 
December 6, 18G2, loved and admired by all Missourians. 

llAMILTO^' K. (lAMBiJ-: was born hi Virginia in ITiJl and educated 
at the Hani])den Sidney College ; emigrated to Missouri in 1818, set- 
tling in Howard count}', receiving the appointment of Prosecuting 



Attorney of a territory enil)racing at that time nearly one-third of 
Missouri. Soon after the death of (jov. Bates he located at St. Louis 
where he gained a well deserved reputation as a lawyer. In 1846 he 
was a member of the Legislature, and in 1852 Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court, serving for three years, at that time being a Whig. 
After the breaking out of the war Governor Jackson was deposed 
from the Governorship and Gamble was chosen provisional Governor 



by a convention in August, 1861, 
for one year, 1)at at the convention 
in 18H2, he was retained until 
after the election in November, 
1S(U, Governor (Ta]ul)le was a 
cfcntlonian of great power, high- 
minded and exceedingly popular. 
His death occurred in St. Louis, 
January 81, 1874, and his funeral 
was attended by the largest num- 
l)er of })eople ever seen at an 
occasion of that character in St. 

WiLLAKD P. Hai.l. Upon 
the death of Governor Gamble, 
Lieutenant-Governor Willard P. 
wiLLARD p. HALT,. Hall, of Buchauau county, became 

Governor. In order of succession the honors rightly fell to Lieuten- 
ant-Governor Thomas C. Reynolds, who at that tinip was accompany- 
ing the Confederate Armies of Missouri, and the convention elevated 
Hall to the Governorship. Governor Hall was born at Harper's 
Ferry, Virginia, in 1820 ; graduated at Yale at the age of nineteen, 
and admitted to the bar at Huntsville, Missouri, in 1841 ; a year later 
he located at St. Joseph and became eminent in his profession ; was a 
representative from Missouri to 
the Thirtieth, TlHrty-tirst and 
Thirty-second Congresses. Died 
at St. Joseph November 1, 1832. 

Thomas C. Fletcher, Gov- 
ernor of Missouri from January 2, 
18(5.5, to 1869 ; was the tirst Re- 
pul)lican, the first native born and 
up to that time the youngest Gov- 
ernor of the state. Of 101,937 
votes, Fletcher received 71,531 
votes to 30,406 cast for his demo- 
cratic opponent, Thomas L. Price. 
Governor Fletcher Avas liorn in 






Jefferson county, January 22, 
1827. In 1860 he advocated the 
election of Mr. Lincohi and after- 
wards endorsed the course of Lyon 
and Bhiir. 

Joseph W. McClurg was born 
in St. Louis county, Missouri, 
February 22, 1818; taught school 
in Louisiana and Mississippi at 
the age of IT, and was a deputy 
sheriff in St Louis before he was 
twenty-one. In 1841 he located 
in Texas and was admitted to the 
bar; in 1841 engaged in the mer- 
cantile business in Missouri; was 
Colonel of the Osage Regiment of 

Infantry, and also of a cavalry regiment; a member of the State Con- 
vention in 1862; was a Representative from Missouri to the Thirty- 
eighth, Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses. Elected Governor of 
Missouri in 1868 and was a candidate for re-election in 1870 but was 
defeated. In 1889 he was appointed by President Harrison, Register 
of the United States Land Office at Springfield, Mo. 

B. Gratz Brown was born in 
Lexington, Kentucky, May 28, 
1826; graduated at Yale in 1847; 
studied law in Louisville, and lo- 
cated at St. Louis, Missouri; was 
a member of the State Legislature 
from 18.52 to 1858; assisted in the 
establishment of the Missouri Dem- 
ocrat^ and was its editor from 1854 
to 1851). In 1861 he volunteered 
and raised a L^nion Reo-iment, and 
l)ecame Colonel. Elected to the 
LUiited States Senate in 1863, by 
the radical emancipationist, serv- 
ing on many important commit- 
tees. In 1872 he recived acompli- 




nientary vote for President. Died 
in St. Louis December 13, 188.5, 
honored and respected as an hon- 
est, intelligent gentleman. 

Silas Woodson, Governor of 
Missouri from 1873 to 1875, was 
l)orn in Kentucky in 1819, and re- 
ceived his early training in the 
''log-school-house'' of the neigh- 
borhood, which was supplemented 
l»y a thorough course of study and 
reading in after years; when twen- 
ty-one he was licensed to practice 
law, and three years later was 
elected to the Legislature, being 
re-elected several times in the next 
twelve years. In 1854 he removed to Missouri, locating at St. Joseph, 
where he soon rose to considera))le prominence as a lawyer; was elect- 
ed Circuit Judo-e in '60; chairman of the Democratic State Convention 
in 1872 and nominated l)y the democrats as a compromise candidate. 
He was inaugurated January 8, 1873 and served two years. 


Charles H. Hardin was born 
in the State of Kentucky in 1819, 
but removed to Missouri at a very 
early day; reared at ColumV)ia he 
enjoyed the advantages of good 
schools, and afterwards graduated 
from Miami University, of Ohio; 
entered upon the practice of law 
at Fulton, Callaway county, and 
in 1848 was elected prosecuting at- 
torney of the third judicial cir- 
cuit; from 1852 to 1860 was a 
Whig member of the Legislature; 
represented Boone and Callaway 
counties in the State Senate, and 
in 1873 was elected Governor, 
making an admiral)le, conserva- 




tive executiv^e. Amonof other 
noteworthy acts of Governor Har- 
din's life was the endowment of 
Hardin College, at Mexico, Mo., 
an educational institution for 
o-irls, named in his honor. 

John S. Phelps was l)orn De- 
cember 22, 18U, in Hartford Co., 
Connecticut: was educated in 
Hartford at Washino-ton (now 
Trinity) Colleoe, and studied law 
in the office of his father, Elisha 
Phelps; emio-rated to Missouri in 
1837, locatinof at Sprinofield; elect- 
ed to the Legislature in 1840, and 
JOHN s. PHELPS. four ycars later was sent as a Rep- 

resentative to the Twenty-ninth Congress, which position he retained 
until the close of the Thirty-sixth Congress; was a meml)er of the 
Select Committee of Thirty-three on the Rebellious States, and was 
also re-elected to the Thirty-seventh Congress; a Colonel of Volunteers 
in 1861; Military Governor of Arkansas, by appointment of President 
Lincoln in 1862; Commissioner to settle war claims of Indiana in 1867, 
and elected Governor of Missouri 
in 1876. 

Thomas T. Crittenden, Gov- 
ernor of Missouri for four years 
from January 1881, was born in 
Shelby county, Kentucky, Janu- 
ary 2, 1834; received his primary 
education in the log-cabin-school- 
house of Cloverport, on the Ohio 
river, and in 1855 graduated at 
Centre College; studied law at 
Frankfort with his uncle, J. J. 
Crittenden and removed to Mis- 
souri locating at Lexington; en- 
rolled in the State Militia in 1862 
and was made Lieutenant-Colonel; thomas t. ckittendhn. 




was appointed Attorney-General 
in 1864 to till an unexpired term; 
was elected to Congress from Mis- 
souri in 1872 and again in 1876, 
serving- on the committee on In- 
valid Pensions and elected Gover- 
nor of Missouri in 1880. Among 
other important acts of his admin- 
istratiini, for which he will he 
kindly remembered, was the 
breaking up of the James Boys 
l)and of outlaws, one of the most 
daring rings of murderers, bank 
and train rolibers that ever cursed 

John !S. Marmaduke, a native 
of Saline county, Missouri, was 

born in March, 1833; until seventeen years of age remained actively 
engaged upon his father's farm; attended Yale College for two years 
and then entered Harvard College; received the appointment of a 
United States cadet to the IVIilitary Academy at West Point, New 
York, in 1853; graduated in 18.57 
and received the appointment t)f 
Second-Lieutenant in the United 
States army; resigned and return- 
ed to Missouri in 1860; entered 
the Confederate ariny as a Colonel 
in 1861, and the following year 
was made Brigadier-General for 
gallant service performed at the 
Battle of Shiloh. In 1864 he was 
promoted to Major-General, but 
was soon afterwards taken prison- 
er and held until after the close of 
the war; engaged in various busi- 
ness pursuits and for several years 
that of journalism; was Secretary 
of the Missouri State Board of 
Agriculture in 1873 and 1874; from albert p. mokehouse. 




1875 to 1884 was State Railway 
Commissioner, and Governor of 
Missouri for three years, death 
claiminir him December 28, 1887. 
Immediately after the death of 
Governor Marmaxliike, Lieuten- 
ant-Governor Albert P. More- 
house assumed charged of the 
Governorship, which he held for 
one year. Governor Morehouse 
was a native of Ohio, and remov- 
ed to Missouri in 1856, first teach- 
ino; school and afterwards engaw- 
ing in the practice of law. 

David K. Francis, was l)orn in 
Kentucky in 1850, and with his 
parents moved to St. Louis when sixteen years of age; attended AVash- 
ington University for four years, graduating in 1870. During the 
war, from 1861 to 1864, he was a newsboy in Kichmond, Kentucky, 
and it was from his savings in the sale of papers that a portion of his 
collegiate exi)enses were paid. After leaving school Mr. Francis suc- 
cessfully engaged in various com- 
mercial pursuits and soon rose to 
a position of prominence. In 1884 
he became President of the Mer- 
chant's Exchange, of St. Louis, 
and in March of the following- 
year was elected Mayor of that 
city; was elected Governor of Mis- 
souri in 1888 and inaugurated Jan- 
uary 14, 188i>. His administration 
as chief magistrate was attended 
by the happiest results, earning 
for him the respect not only of the 
people of his own state but of (oth- 
ers abroad. August 25, 1S1>6, he 
was appointed by President Cleve- 
land Secretary of the Interior to 
fill vacancy created by the resigna- david k. francis. 



tion of Secretary Hoke Smith, 
assuming the duties of that office 
September 1, 1896. 

William J. Stone, present 
Governor of Missouri, was born 
in Madison county, Kentucky, 
May 7, 1848; educated at Missouri 
University; studied law and be- 
came Prosecuting Attorney of 
Vernon county from 1873 to 1874; 
was elector on the Tilden and Hen- 
dricks ticket in 1876; elected to 
the 49th, 50th and 51st Con- 
gresses, and was elected Governor 
oovKRxoK wu.T.rAM J. STONE. ^f Missourl, upou the democratic 

ticket in November, 1892, defeating Major William Warner, of Kan- 
sas City, the republican nominee. 

Men of Earlier Days. 

Daniel Boone, the great pioneer settler of Missouri, and a fa- 
mous backwoodsman and trapper, to whose courao;e, endurance and 
skill, America, and especially Missouri and Kentucky, owe much, was 
born in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, July 14, 1732. In early life he 
emigrated to North Carolina; but his love of the wilderness not beino; 
sufficiently gratified there, he planned an expedition into Kentucky, 
then a wilderness almost unknown, reaching the Red River in June, 
1769. Here he was captured by the Indians, but escaped, and acci- 
dently falling in with his brother who had pursued his track, they 
lived together in a cabin during the entire winter. In May of the fol- 
lowing year Boone's brother started home and Daniel was left alone in 
the perilous forest. In July the brother returned, and after explor- 
ing a considerable portion of country, they returned in 1771 to Caro- 
lina. Soon afterwards Boone was engaged by a Carolina company to 
purchase the lands on the south side of the Kentucky river, where, in 
1775, he built a fort about 18 miles southeast of the present Lexington, 
on the site now occupied by the town of Boonesboroagh, which, 
though now of trivial size, was the seat of the first Legislature west 
of the Alleganies. In 1777 and '78 the place was frequently besieged 
by the Indians, bat successfully resisted each attack until at length the 
Indians retired. In 1704, having lost his lands in Kentucky by means 
of a defective title, and through some hunters hearing of the wonder- 
ous fertility of the soil west of the Mississippi River and the great 
abundance of game; he resolved to emigrate west, locating in what is 
now known as Warren coimty, Missouri, where the Spanish author- 
ities gave him a grant of 2,000 acres of land. He had a great love for 
the wilderness, and spent much of his time at his favorite occupation 
of hunting and trapping bears, heing the chief hero among the many 
rude and picturesque figures of the frontier. Countless stories are 
related of his many adventures and hair-breath escapes. His death 
occurred September 26, 1820, in his house which was a stone 
structure, in St. Charles county, the first of its kind erected in the 
state. His body was buried in a cherry coffin prepared by himself, 




hut was removed and with that of his wife, afterwards interred with 
becoming honors at Frankfort, Ky., In 1845. 

" The accompanying ilhistration is a faithful copy of his only 
original portrait in existence, which was painted from life hy Chester 
Harding, and now hangs in the Kentucky state house at Frankfort. 



Lewis & Clark's Expedition, 
Through the instrumentality of 
President Jefferson, in 1803, an 
expedition headed by Merriwether 
Lewis, Private Secretary to the 
President, and William Clark, 
of the American army, set out to 
explore the country west of the 
Mississippi river to the Pacific 
ocean. The first winter was spent 
encamped on the banks of the 
Mississippi, opposite the mouth of 
the Missouri. May 16, 1804, the 
company, composed of nine young 
men of Kentucky, 14 soldiers. 
GEN MEKRiwETHER LEWIS. two Canadian boatmen, an inter- 
preter and a hunter, with one keel boat fifty odd feet long, and two 
open boats, began their ascent of the Missouri. Passing the little 
French village of St. Charles, the first large tributary of the Missouri 
reached was that of the Osage. Proceeding on their journey, passing 
the Kansas, in due time the Platte was reached. Here they found a 
number of tribes of Indians, among others the PaAvnees, Ottoes and 
Kites. Having covered a distance of sixteen hundred miles, the win- 
ter of 1804-5 was spent near the center of Dakota. April 7, 1805, 
the party again resumed their journey, 32 strong, and continued to 
ascend the "Big Muddy" until the 
mouth of the Yellowstone was 
reached, at the confluence of three 
nearly equal streams, which were 
named Jefferson, Madison and 
Gallatin, then President, Secretary 
of State and Secretary of the 
Treasury of the United States. 
Jefferson, the northernmost of the 
three, was ascended to its source. 
In August, horses and a guide 
were procured from the Shoshone 
Indians and the journey continued _ 

thiough the mountains, reaching ^V"^^ -- v "^j::^ 

the plains of the western slope captain william clabk. 




Septeml)er 22. October 7, they 
went clown the Kooskoosy, a 
branch of the Cohnnbia, reaching 
the mouth of that river, Novem- 
ber 15, having traveled more than 
four thousand miles from the 
mouth of the Missouri river. 
Spending the third winter on the 
banks of the Columbia river, the 
homeward journey was begun 
March 23, 1806, reaching St. Louis, 
September 23, 1806, after an ab- 
sence of two years and four 
months. For the service of the 
men composing this expedition. 
Congress made valuable grants 
of land. 

RuFUS Easton. Prominent among the noted men of Missouri in 
Territorial days, and for a numlier of years after her admission to 
statehood, was Rufus Easton, the first postmaster of St. Louis. Mr. 
Easton was born in Connecticut in 177-i, and emigrated to Missouri in 
1804, having previously distinguished himself in New York as an at- 
torney, he received the appointment of a Territorial Judge of the 
United States Court, becoming the 
attorney of the court two years 
later ; was post.iiaster of St. Louis 
in 1808, and was sent to Congress 
in 1813. At the organization of 
Missouri under state government, 
he l)ecame Attorney -General, 
which office he held until 1826 ; 
died in St. Charles in 1834, hon- 
ored and respected throughout 
the State for his thorough devotion 
to the upbuilding and advance- 
ment of the social, moral and 
commercial interests of his people. 

John B. Clark; a native of 
Madison county, Kentucky, was 



born April 17, 1802; moved to Missouri and in 1824 was appointed 
Clerk of Howard county; engaged in the practice of law; in 1832 com- 
manded a regiment of mounted militia during the Black Hawk War; 
was made Major-General of militia in 1848; a member of the Legisla- 
ture during the sessions of 1850 and 1851; was commanding officer in 
the expulsion of the Mormons from Missouri; was elected to the Thir- 
ty- fifth Congress, and re-elected to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-sev- 
enth Congresses; and took part in the War of '61, as a Colonel, having 
been expelled from the House in July, 1861. General Clark was noted 
as one of the most powerful stump speakers of Missouri, and an attor- 
ney of great ability, being engaged in every important criminal cases 
in Central Missouri. 

Thomas H. Benton, a man of iron will, sublime courage and 
wonderful mental ability, who was for thirty years United Stater Sen- 
ator from Missouri, and probal)ly the greatest statesman in our his- 
tory, was born in Orange county. North Carolina, March 14, 1772; 
was educated at Chapel Hill College and studied law at William and 
Mary College; was appointed a Lieutenant-Colonel in the U. S. army 
in 1801, but resigned his commission the following year, and com- 
menced the practice of law at Nashville, Tennessee, having for his 
friend and patron Andrew Jackson, at that time Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Tennessee. During the War of 1812, with England, Mr. 
Benton was one of Gen. Jackson's aides de-camp. His residence in 
Missouri dates from 1815, when he located at St. Louis, where he en- 
gaged in journalism. Through his paper he made a strong fight for 
the admission of Missouri as a state, and on that event occurring, in 
1820, with David Barton, he was made one of the new Senators, a po- 
sition he acceptably filled, uninterruptedly, for thirty years. Immedi- 
ately after his appearance in the Senate he took a prominent part in 
the deliberations of that body, and soon became recognized as one of 
the foremost statesmen in the country, and an able leader in the coun- 
cils of his nation. In the early years of his service as Senator he gave 
much of his time and influence to the advocacy of such land laws as 
should faciliate the great pioneer movement which was then going in 
the west and southwest. During the two administrations of General 
Jackson, Colonel Benton was one of his staunchest supporters, and his 
influence was felt by the democratic party in its relation to every 
important question. His conservatism, or love for hard money, silver 
and gold, earned for him the euphonious title of "Old Bullion." In 



1849, when the famous Jackson resolutions were passed by the Mis- 
souri Legislature, instructing the Missouri representatives in Congress 
to vole for the non-interference with slavery, Mr. Benton refused. At 
the next session of the General Assembly the opposing Democrats 
voted with the Whigs, defeating Col. Benton, and electing Henry S. 
Geyer, of St. Louis, as his successor. In the fall of 1849, Chariton 
county was honored by the presence of Col. Banton. According to 
})revious announcement he expected to speak at Brunswick, but on ac- 

/ / r 


count of the cholera at that place, he visited Keytesville for two days 
and aldresssd the people upon the political issues that were then be- 
fore the public. From 1853 to 185.5 he represented St. Louis in Con- 
gress, but was defeated as a candidate for Governor in 1850, after 
which he retired to private life. The Thirty-eighth General Assem- 
bly voted to place his statue with that of Frank P. Blair, Jr., in Wash- 
ington as a representative Missouri statesmen. His death occured in 



Washington, on the 10th of April, 
1858, of cancer of the stomach. 

Henry S. Geyer, who succeed- 
ed Mr. Benton in the Senate, was 
born in Fredrick county, Mary- 
land, in 1798, removed to Mis- 
souri about 1815, and adopted the 
])rofes^i )n of law, in which he be- 
came eminent as a practitioner; 
took an active part in politics 
and was a member of the conven- 
tion in 1820 which framed the 
state constitution; was an active 
meml)er of the Legislature, and 
HENRY s. gever. Served as Speaker of the house for 

the first live years after the admission of Missouri to statehood; was 
elected Senator in 1851 and served until 1857, being the only Whig 
ever elected to the Senate from Missouri. While in Washington, Mr. 
Geyer made an argument in the famous Dred Scott case which attract- 
ed attention throughout the world. As a lawyer, he stood at the head 
of his profession; a man of excellent ability, pleasing manners and of 
high character. His death occurred at St. Louis, March 5, 1859. 

John Rice Jones, of Pike coun- 
ty; located in Missouri in 1808, 
and was the first English lawyer 
in the state, and a member of 
Missouri's first Supreme (^ourt. 
He had been President of the Ter- 
ritorial Council and a member of 
the first Constitutional Conven- 
tion. His death occurred in 1824, 
He was a man of great popularity, 
high character and excellent abil- 

James S. Rollins was born 
April 19, 1812, in Madison coun- 
ty Kentucky; graduated at the 
State University of Indiana, in 




1830; studied law, graduating three years later at the Transylvania 
Law School, in Kentucky, and soon afterwards settled in Boone coun- 
ty, Missouri, engagino; in the practice of law Avith distinction; elected 
a member of the Legislature in 188S, and was again elected in 1840-16- 
54-60-68, serving at least half the time as a member of the Senate. In 
his school history of Missouri, Hon. P. S. Kader, of Brunswick, 
speaks of Mr. Rollins as follows: ''To him is largely due the educa- 
tional system of Missouri. lie is properly called the Father of the 


State University, and his efforts aided the public school system and 
secured the normal schools, the school of mines, and two of the luna- 
tic asylums. He did much towards building up the great railroad sys- 
tems of the state." His first bill presented to the Legislature was one 
providing for the esta])lishment of the University and his first speech 
was made in support of that bill. In 1857 he was defeated as the 
Whig candidate for Governor by Austin A. King. In 1860 was elected 



a Representative from Missouri 
to the Thirty-seventh Congress, 
serving on the committee on com- 
merce and expenditures in the 
War Department; was re-elected 
to the Thirty-eighth Congress, 
serving on the committee on Na- 
val Atiairs. He was an able and 
polished speaker, and a loyal, 
patriotic citizen. He died in 1881). 

James S. Green, a Virginian, 
born in Fa(][uier county, February 
28, 1817, with limited means and 
a common English education, lo- 
jAMES s. GREEN. cated in Lewis county, Missouri, 

in 1837; after many struggles with the world was admitted to the bar, 
in 1840, and soon acquired a lucrative practice; was a Presidential 
elector in 1844, and a member of the Constitutional Convention of 
1845; was elected a member of Congress in 1846, serving two terms; 
in 1849 took the stump and made an aggressive and successful warfare 
against Hon. Thomas Benton; in 1853 President Pierce appointed him 
Charge d^ Affairs^ and subsequently Minister Resident, at Bogota, New 
Granada; was again elected a member of Congress, in 1856, but before 
taking his seat was elected to the 
United States Senate, where he 
remained until 1861, when he was 
expelled for secession utterances. 
He died at St. Louis, January 
19, 1870. 

Judge William B. Napton, for 
twenty-five years a member of the 
Supreme Court, and perha])s the 
finest scholar and most learned 
juror ever actively connected with 
Missouri affairs, was a native of 
New Jersey, graduated at Prince- 
ton College, and came to Missouri 
at the age of twenty-four years, 
locating at Fayette, then the po- william b. napton. 




litical center of the state, becoming editor of the Booneslick Democrat; 
was Attorney-General in 1836; in 1839 become a meml)er of the Su- 
preme Court, servini^ until 1852, when he was ousted by the provis- 
ional convention. He immediately be<>;an the practice of law at St. 
Louis, where he oraincd o;i-eat distinction. In 18T3, Governor Wood- 
son, upon the death of fJuds'e Ewino-, and without the knowledo;e of 
fJudo^e Nai)ton, made out his appointment and sent him his commission 
as a member of the Court; an honor he accepted, and in 1874 was elect- 
ed to till out the unexpired term of Judge Ewing, serving until 1881. 
The Supreme Court of the State would do honor to any nation in his- 
tory, and Judge Napton was among its greatest meml^ers. Died in 1882. 


Francis P. Blair, Jr., a decendant of the Blairs and Prestons of 
Virginia, was born at Lexington, Kentucky, February 19, 1821; 



graduated at Princeton College, and studied law at Washing-ton; was 
admitted to the bar in Kentucky and began practice in Missouri. For 
the benefit of his health, in 1845, he accompanied some trappers to tiie 
Rocky Mountains and soon afterwards enlisted and served as a private 
in the war with Mexico. In 1848, he l)ecame a Free-Soil democrat, 
was editor for some time of the Missouri Democrat., and from 1852 
served four years as a member of the Missouri Legislature. In 1856 
he identitied himself with the republican party and was three times its 
Representative in Congress, and espoused the cause of Emancipation 
with great energy and courage, and to him more than any other man 
is due the fact that Missouri remained in the Union in 1861. At the 
beginning of the war against secession he entered the army as Colonel, 
l)ecame Brigadier-General in 1861, and Major-General in Noveml>er of 
the following year. He commanded at Vicksburg, and in the battles 
of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, and accompanied Sher- 
man in his famous "March to the Sea." In 1866, was appointed, by 
President Johnson, Collector of Customs for the Port of St. Louis, 
but was rejected by the Senate. In 1868 he was the democratic candi- 
date for Vice-President on the ticket with Horatio Seymour, but was 
defeated; was a Senator in Congress for the unexpired term of C. D. 
Drake, from 1871 to 1873. In 1818 he published the "Life and Pub- 
lic Service of Gen. William Butler." Mr. Blair was a man of un- 
daunted personal courage and great ability. He died Jidy !>, 1875. 

Charles D. Drake, President 
of the Constitutional Convention 
of 1865, was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, April 11, 1811; received an 
academic education; studied law, 
and, in 1834, located at St. Louis, 
engaging in the practice of liis 
profession. In 1861-62 took an 
active [)art against the secession 
movement, and in ""63 was elected 
to the Missouri State Convention; 
was a mem))er of the Constitution- "^ 
al Convention of 1865, which 
adopted the most stringent code 
ever known in this countr3^ Its 
most obnoxious provision was the 



test oath, which prevented at least one-third of the people from voting 
until 1872, and almost as many more would have been disfranchised 
ha<l the}^ sworn strictly to the truth when they came to take that oath. 
This test oath declared that no person should vote or hold any kind of 
office, who had '"^ever" engaged in hostilities, or given aid, comfort, 
countenance or support to persons engaged in hostilities against the 
government of the United States, or had given money, goods, letters 
or information to its enemies, or by act or word manifested his adher- 
ance to the cause of such enemies, or his sym})athy with those engaged 
in carrying on rebellion; or had ever been in anywise connected with 
any society unfriendly to such government; or had ever knowingly 
harbored, aided or countenanced any person engaged in guerrilla war- 
fare; or who had ever done any act to prevent being enrolled into the 
militia service of the Union or the State. Any person who had done 
any of these things, or other things similar, could not vote, teach in 
any public or private school, practice law, preach the gospel, "or ))e 
competent as a minister of any religious denomination, to preach, 
teach, or solemnize marriage, unless such person shall have first taken 
said oath." It not only required allegiance and loyalty to the Union 
from that time on, which woidd have been a just and wise provision, 
but it applied to all men who had ever borne arms against the United 
States, or had sympathized at any time with those who did take u[) 
arms, or had done them acts of common kindness, or had refused to 
bear arms for the national government. All disloyal citizens attempt- 
ing to teach or preach without taking this oath were to be fined not 
less than live hundred dollars, or committed to prison not less than six 
months, or both; and if they falsely took it, they were to be tried for 
perjury and punished with imprisonment in the penitentiary. In Jan- 
uary of 1S67 Mr.. Drake was elected to the United States senate, 
serving until 1871, when he resigned to become Judge of the Court of 
Claims at Washington. Some of the most stringent features of the 
constitution were overruled by the Supreme Court, and, with the 
assistance of the lil)eral republicans, the democrats repealed all the 
olmoxious laws. 


Brig. -Gen. Nathaniel Lyon was born at Ashford, Connecticut, 
and educated at West Point, and was an officer of the regular army; 
served with distinction at Contreas, Churubusco, and the City of 
Mexico during the Mexican War; served in Kansas during the politi- 
cal struggles and supported the cause of the Free- Soil party. In 18(51 




was placed in command of the United States arsenal at St. Louis, and 
soon afterwards succeeded General Harney in command of the depart- 
ment. He defeated the Confederates at Booneville, and at Du:^ Spring 
under McColloch. He was defeated at Wilson's Creek l)y a superior 
force, and during- the battle was killed. 

Francis Marion Cockrell, a faithful and conscientious represen- 
tative of Missouri in the United States Senate since '75, was horn near 
Warrensburg, Missouri, October 1, 1834, and with the exception of 
Lewis V. Bogy, was the first and only native-born Senator ever elected 
from Missouri; was reared on a farm, and received a common school 



education, which was finished at 
Chapel Hill College, in Lafayette 
county, Missouri, an institution 
lielongincr to the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian church; studied law and 
on beino- admitted to the bar 
devoted himself to the practice of 
his piofession, not entering upon 
a political life until his fortieth 
year; was a soldier in the Confed- 
erate Army, commanding Cock- 
rell's Brigade, composed of Mis- 
sourians. After the war he 
resumed the practice of his pro- 
fession at Warrensburg. In 1874 
FRANXis M. cocKRELL. he was a democratic candidate for 

Governor, but was defeated by Charles H. Harden by a small majority. 
In January of 1875 he was elected a Senator in Congress from Mis- 
souri, a position he has since filled with credit and distinction. 

George Graham Vest, one of the most brilliant debaters in the 
Senate, and a gentleman of unquestioned strength and ability, who 
has made a most admiral )le Senator, was born at Frankfort, Kentucky, 
December 6, 1830; graduated at Centre College, Kentucky, in 1848 
and at the Law Department of the Transylvania University, in 1853; 
removed to Missouri the same 
year, locating at Georgetown, and 
afterwards moved to Booneville, 
engaging in the practice of law; 
was a Representative from Cooper 
county in the Legislature in 1860- 
61; a Representative in the Con- 
federate Congress two years, and 
a member of the Confederate Sen- 
ate one year. In 1867 he returned 
to Missouri and resumed the prac- 
tice of law, living in Sedalia. 
He was elected to the United 
States Senate in 1879, which ofiice 
he still holds. As an orator. Sen- 
ator Vest has long been regarded george g, vest. 



as amono; the ablest the State lias ever had, and is a leader of the de.n- 
ocratic side of the Senate. His present home is at Kansas City where 
he is always welcomed by his many friends who have an oijportunity 
of meetino- him when he returns from his Ion**; and tiresome labors at 
Washington every year. 

From the Beginning. 


The tirst white man to press foot to Missouri soil accompanied 
Fernando de Soto upon his wonderful expedition of 1541-42 in search 
of the boundless wealth of ffold and silver reinited to lie hidden in the 
mines north of the Gulf of Mexico. Undaunted by the result of pre- 
vious explorations, he equipped a band of twenty officers, twenty-four 
priests and about six hundred men, at his own expense, and sailed from 
San Lucar in April 1538, with a lleet of nine vessels, which in addition 
to his men, carried two or three hundred horses, a herd of swine, and 
a number of bloodhounds, landing at the present Tamyja Bay, on the 
west coast of Florida, May 25, 1839. In July he sent all his ships to 
Havana, and then for nearly four years, in spite of hostile Indians, he 
pursued his way to the northwest, through a country already made 
hostile by the violence of the Spanish invader, Narvaez, through tan- 
gled forests and over deep swamps, in a vain search for the New 
Eldorado, which was believed to be richer in precious metals than any 
country then known. Though finding neither gold or precious stones, 
on A})ril 25, 1541, he reached the "Father of Waters," at a point a 
few miles below Memphis, and thus immortalized his name as the dis- 
coverer of the Mississippi. Constructing Ijoats and crossing the river, 
De Soto continued his journey to the north, into the present county of 
New Madrid, when the tirst white person set foot on Missouri soil. 
From there the expedition traveled successively in a southwest and 
northwest direction until they reached the highlands of White River, 
then south to Little Rock and Hot Springs, spending the third winter 
in Arkansas. Early in the spring of 1542, he marched to the Missis- 
sippi, where, overcome by disease, privation and discouragement, he 
died. His followers, having secretly sunk his body in the Mississippi, 
lest the Indians discovered his death, floated down the river to the 
Gulf of Mexico, and returned to their homes leaving behind no trace 
of civilization. 



More than one hundred years had elapsed from the time of the 
discovery of the Mississippi River by De Soto, when another noted 
explorer entered upon the scene, in the person of Jacques Marquette, 
one of the most noted pioneers, of France, in the New World. He 
emio^rated to Canada in 1666, and a few years later, in 1673, in com- 
pany with kSieur Joliet, this youno; Frenchman froii the picturesque 
old cathedral city of Laon; in the beautiful fertile regions lying just 
north of Paris, made a long journey in canoes down the Illinois and 
Mississippi rivers to the mouth of the grand old Missouri river which 
still flows with its onward course to the seas the same as it did over 
two hundred years ago. We have no record of any white man ever 
treading upon the soil eml^racing our own great state during that 
lapse of over one hundred years from De Soto's time down to the 
time of Marquette and Joliet. 


About the time of Marquette's return, Robert de La Salle, a 
native of Normandy, entered upon an exploration with the ho})e of 
finding a northwest passage to China and Japan, the scientific men of 
that day believing that such a passage existed in the direction of the 
Great Lakes. La Salle was accompanied from France by an Italian 
named Tonti, and was joined by Louis Hennepin, a bold and ambitious 
Franciscan friar. After overcoming various obstacles they arrived at 
the present site of Peoria, on the Illinois river. There they separated, 
Hennepin turning northward to discover the source of the Mississippi; 
La Salle descending that river in search of its mouth, leaving Tonti 
in command of men and supplies. La Salle reached the junction of 
the Illinois and Mississippi, in February, 1682, and on the 5th of 
April following, successfully reached the Gulf of Mexico. On the 
8th of April, with imposing ceremonies, La Salle took formal possess- 
ion of the country in the name of Louis XIV, the reigning king of 
France, in whose honor he named it Louisiana. The country thus ac- 
quired by the French embraced territory on ))oth sides of the Missis- 
sippi, including the present states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennes- 
see, Arkansas and Missouri. 

This vast region, while under the jurisdiction of France, was 
known as the "Province of Louisiana." At the close of the "Old 
French War" in 1763, France gave up her share in the continent and 
Spain became possessor of the territory west of the Mississippi, who 


retained posession for thirty seven years, of the territory now 
embraced within the limits of Missouri. 


In 1801 Napoleon Bonaparte made a treaty with Spain, the condi- 
tions of which were that Spain should surrender to France all the 
territory, known as Louisiana, west of the Mississippi, in consideration 
of certain assistance which she expected to receive from the great war. 
rior in her European affairs. It was two years after this treaty was 
made that Mr. Laussat, a French officer, was placed in authority at 
New Orleans. While Napoleon justly appreciated the value of his 
new acquisition, its posession was a source of much perplexity. The 
American government was by no means pleased at this attempt of the 
French to re-establish themselves in Louisiana; and the English, who 
dominated on the seas, made it extremely hazardous for the convey- 
ance of men and equipments into the country, and rather than have it 
wrested from him by this powerful foe, he determined to tantalize the 
mother country by adding it to the posessions of the young nation, 
which had succeeded in maintaining its indepen<lence in the face of her 
authority. Accordingly, he accepted an offer made by the United 
States, through the instrumentality of President Jefferson, of ^15,- 
000,000, including various claims, the payment of which was assumed 
by the American government. On March 9, 1804, Capt. Stoddard, 
the representative of France, received posession of the territory, at 
the hands of the Spanish Governor, Delassus, at St. Louis, and on the 
following day transferred his authority to the United States. 


March 26, 1804, two weeks after the transfer of authority to the 
United States, over the territory embraced by the Louisiana Pur- 
chase, Congress passed an act dividing Loiasiana into two parts — the 
"Territory of Orleans" (since 1812 the State of Louisiana) and the 
''District of Louisiana,"" better known as upper Louisiana. The latter 
included all the province north of "Hope Encampment," a place near 
Chickasaw Bluffs, embracing wathin its boundaries the present states 
of Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, and a large part of Minnesota, and all 
the vast region extending west to the Pacific Ocean, south of the forty- 
ninth degree of north latitude, not claimed by Spain. By the act of 
Congress of March 26, 1804, the executive power of the government 
in the Territory of Indiana was extended over the district of Louis- 
iana, or "Upper Louisiana" as popularly called. Under the provis- 


ions of this act, General William Henry Harrison, Governor of 
Indiana, assisted hy Judges Griffin, Vanderburo; and Davis, instituted 
the authority of the United States in the Territory. The first courts 
of justice, called Courts of Common Pleas, were held during the 
ensuing winter in the old fort near Fifth and Walnut streets, St. Louis. 

By another act of Congress, passed March 3, 1805, the District 
was regularly organized into the Territory of Louisiana and General 
James Wilkinson was immediately appointed Governor by President 
Jefferson and Fredrick Bates, Secretary. Governor AA^ilkinson, togeth- 
er with Judges R. J. Meigs and John B. C. Lucas, of the Superior 
Court, constituted the Legislature of this almost boundless territory. 
In 1807 Capt. Merriwether Lewis, of the famous Lewis and Clark 
Expedition, was appointed Governor, but he committing suicide in 
Tennessee in September, 1809, Gen. Benjamin Howard, of Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, was designated by President Madison, as Governor 
in his stead. Governor Howard only served a short time, resigning 
October 31, of the same year to accept a Brigadier-Generalship of 
Rangers in the War of 1812. Upon the resignation of Governor 
Howard, Capt. William Clark, of the well-known Lewis and Clark 
Expedition, was appointed his successor, who served until the admis- 
sion of the state into the Union in 1821. 

On the 4th day of June, 1812, the Territory of Missouri was or- 
ganized by Congress, with a Governor and General Assem))ly — the 
latter to meet annually in the town of St. Louis. The real boundaries 
of the territory were the same as those of the Territory of Louisiana, 
but practically it consisted of only the settled parts of Missouri, com- 
prising four districts, as follows: Cape Girardeau, St. Genevieve, St. 
Louis and St. Charles. The legislative power of the Territory was 
vested in a Governor, Legislative Council and House of Representa- 
tives. The Legislative Council consisted of nine members, and held 
their office five years. The first House of Representatives were thir- 
teen in number, held their office two years and were elected by the 
people; under the act of Congress, the number could never exceed 
twenty-five, the basis of representation being one meml>er for every 
five hundred white males. The judical power of the Territory was 
vested in the Superior and Inferior Courts and in Justices of the 
Peace, The Superior Courts had three Judges, having original and 
appellate jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases. Their term of office 


was for four years. William Clark, of the Lewis and Clark Expedi- 
tion, was a))pointed by the President the tirst Governor of the Terri- 
tory and began his duties in 1S13. Under the act, the Territory could 
send one delegate to Congress. Edward Hempstead, Rufus Easton, 
Samuel Hammond and Matthew Lyon announced themselves in Novem- 
])er as candidates for the position, Edward Hempstead was the 
successful one, being the iirst Territorial delegate to Congress from 


Perhaps the most interesting and instructive period in the history 
of Missouri is that which succeeded the application of the Territorial 
Legislature of 1818-19 to admission to the sisterhood of states. This 
request was the cause of a tierce, and one of the most exciting contests 
in Congress, that ever engaged the attention of that body, lasting for 
two consecutive sessi(ms and exciting the people to an alarming degree. 

In 1818, John Scott, the Missouri Kepresentative in Congress, 
filed the petition for statehood. The House of Representatives passed 
a bill to admit the state, without slavery, but as the Senate refused 
to concur in the anti-slavery clause, the bill failed. Subsequently the 
measure was amended so as to provide for the gradual restriction of 
involuntary servitude, but the Senate refusing to endorse any anti- 
slavery proviso whatever, and the House insisting on that provision, 
the bill again failed. In 1820, while the matter was still under dis- 
cussion, an amendment was presented, which settled for the time all 
differences between the two Houses, and allowed Missiouri to enter 
the Union with slavery. That amendment, famous in history as the 
"Missouri Compromise," is as follows: 

An act to authorise the people of the Missouri Territory to form a constitu- 
tion and state Government, and for the adinission of such state into the Union on 
an equal footing with the original states, and to prohibit slavery in certain terri- 
tories. Adopted March 6, 1820. 

* * * * * * -X- * * * * * * 

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted. That in all that Territory ceded by 
France to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of 
Thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included within the 
limits of the state contemplated by this act, slavery and involuntary servitude, 
otherwise than in the punishment of crimes whereof the parties shall have been 
duly convicted, shall be and is hereby fore^ier prohibited. Provided aliuays, 
That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is law- 
fully claimed, in any State or territory of the United States, such fugitive may 
be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or 
service as aforesaid. 

Such was the "Missouri Compromise,"" one of the most important 


acts of American Leo;islation. The pro-slavery senators consented to 
this measure because they saw by the determination of the House, that 
thej^ would l)e unable otherwise to secure the admission of Missouri. 

Under the act of Congress, the people of the Territory of Mis- 
souri, then organized into fifteen counties, were authorized to hold an 
election in May of 1820, for the purpose of choosing representatives 
to a State convention whose object should be the framing of a constitu- 
tion. Accordingly, forty-one representatives thus chosen, met at St. 
Louis, June 12, and framed a constitution which took efi'ect from 
authority of the body itself, no provision having been made to submit 
it to a vote of the people. The Constitution then adopted withstood 
the test of parties and all efforts at material amendment from the 
time of its adoption till the Convention of 1865. 


On November 16, Mr. Scott presented the House of Representa- 
tives at Washington wnth a copy of the Constitution of the new state, 
which created a fresh debate, over the fact that the new Constitution 
sanctioned slavery, and because one of its articles especially enjoined 
that such laws should be passed as might he necessary to prevent free 
mulattoes and negroes from coming to or settling in the new state, 
under any pretex whatsoever. 

The political situation growing perilous, Mr. Clay, of Kentucky, 
moved that a Representative from each state be appointed to act 
jointly with the Senate committee, in an effort to adjust the difficulty. 
This committee was chosen, and Mr. Clay made chairman, the Senate 
also appointing seven of its members to act with the joint committee. 
This committee, on February 26, 1821, reported to each house the 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of 
America, in Congress assembled. That Missouri shall be admitted into this 
Union on an equal footing with the original States, in all respects whatever, 
upon the fundamental condition that the fourth clause of the twenty-sixth sec- 
tion of the third article of the Constitution, submitted on the part of said state 
to Congress, shall never be construed to authorize the passage of any law, and 
that no law shall be passed in conformity thereto, by which any citizen of 
either of the states in this Union -jhall be excluded from the enjoyment of any 
of the privileges and immunities to which such citizen is entitled under the Con- 
stitution of the United States. Provided, That the Legislature of said state, 
by a solemn public act, shall declare the assent of the said state to the said 
fundamental condition, and shall transmit to the President of the United 
States, on or before the fourth Monday in November next, an authentic copy 
of the said act; upon the receipt whereof the President, by proclamation, shall 


announce the fact; whereupon, and without any further proceeding on the part 
of Congress, the admission of the said state into the Union shall be considered 
as complete. 

The resolution was promptly adopted I)y both Houses, and on 

the 26th of the following June the Missouri Legislature passed an act 

declaring the assent of the state to the conditions of admission, and 

transmitted to the President a copy of the same. On August 10, 1821, 

by the proclamation of President Monroe, after a struggle of two and 

a half years, Missouri was formally admitted to statehood, taking 

rank as the twenty-fourth of the American Kepublic. 


According to the provisions of the constitution adopted Ijy the 
convention, July 19, 1820, and in anticipation of the admission of the 
state into the Union, an election was held on the fourth Monday in 
August of that year, for the purpose of electing a Governor and 
other state officers. Senators and Representatives to the General 
Assembly, Sheriffs and Coroners and United States Senators and Kep- 
sentatives. The candidates for Governor were Alexander NcNair 
and William Clark, previously Governor of the Territory. Of a total 
vote of 9,132 votes, McNair received a majority of 4,020 over his 
opponent. The Senators and Representatives elected to the General 
Assembly met in St. Louis in September and elected Thomas H. Ben- 
ton and David Barton to the United States Senate, but as the state 
was not formally admitted to the Union until August of the following 
year, they did not take their seats till December, 1821. 

At this session the counties of Boone, Callaway, Chariton, Cole, 
Gasconade, Lillard, (afterwards Lafayette) Perry, Ralls, Ray and 
Saline were organized The seat of government was located at St. 
Charles, but in 1826 was removed to Jefferson City. 



The first settlement of which we have any record in the state of 
Missouri, or rather what is now known as Missouri, was made about 
1735 on the bank of the Mississippi river in the territory now known 
as Ste. Genevieve county and was so called for a French woman 
by the name Ste. Genevieve. The settlement was founded by Re- 
nault, the son of a celebrated iron founder of France, for the purpose 
of engaging in gold and silver mining. He transported with him two 
hvmdred miners, provided with the necessary tools and whatever else 
they needed to accomplish his object. During his passage he landed 


on the island of St. Domingo, where he purchased five hundred slaves, 
when he came up the river he established himself at Fort Chartres, 
about fifteen miles above where Ste. (ienevieve now stands. Failing; 
to find either o-old or silver he discovered lead ore in large (luaitities, 
and at once prepared rude furnaces for smelting it, transported it to 
Fort Chartres on pack horses, thence to France via New Orleans by 
boats. Notwithstanding Renault's old mines have long since over- 
grown with trees and covered with moss they have since been discov- 
ered by latter day prospectors. 


In the year 1764 the second settlement was foimded where the 
City of St. Louis now stands. In the year 1672 M. D'Abadie, who 
was Director General and Civil and Military Commandant of Louis- 
iana at that time, granted to a certain company' of traders the exclus- 
ive right to trade with the Indians of Missouri, and in fact with the 
entire northwest, for a term of eight years. This company was headed 
by M. Pierre Laclede Liguest, generally known as Laclede, a man of 
great foresight, experience and ability, who left New Orleans in the 
summer of 1763, and arrived in Missouri the following fall. It will 
no doubt be remembered by the reader that all the French settlements 
were on ths east side of the river except that of St3. Gsnevieve and as 
a consequence included in the territory belonging to England. At 
the little village on the west side of the jVlississippi river there was 
not a building with the capacity of holding one quarter of M. Laclede's 
merchandise. The connnandant at Fort Chartres, M. DeNeyon, upon 
hearing of Laclede's dilemma, ofi^ered him a place for his goods until 
the occiipatancy of the Fort by the English. Laclede readily took ad- 
vantage of this generous offer and repaired at once to Fort Chartres 
where he deposited his efi'ects, and at once started out to look for a 
sight n^t far from the Missouri river suitable for his business. He 
rejected Ste. Genevieve, both on account of its distance from that river 
and its unhealthy situation. He was accompanied l)y his stepson, a 
lad of fourteen, named Augusta Chouteau, and explored the region 
thoroughly and was soon fixed upon the phice of his settlement. After 
returning to the fort he assured DeNeyon and his officers that he had 
discovered a location where he would form a settlement, which might 
in years to come become one of "America's greatest and finest cities." 
His sagacious mind thus readily appreciated the advantages of this 
location. Navigation was open, and early in February, 1764, Laclede 
sent thirty men under the charge of Chouteau to the location desig 


nated, with orders to have the land cleared and to build a large shed 
for shelter, provisions and tools, also to put up some log huts for 
the men. On St. Valentine's Day (Feb. 14, 1764) work was begun 
clearing away the trees and brush where the beautiful, and one of the 
largest cities in America now stands — St. Louis. Early in the month 
of April, Lacleile arrived upon the scene, chose a location for his own 
residence, and laid the plans for his village which he called St. Louis 
in honor of Louis XV", King of France, not knowing the territory 
had already been transferred to Spain, and then hastily returned to 
Fort Chartres to remove his goods, as the English garrison was ex- 
pected at any day. When Capt. Sterling, 1765, in command of the 
English troops, a company of highlauders, actually took the fort, St. 
Ange, French Commandant at the time, removed with his men to St. 
Louis, then recognized as the capital of North Louisiana. M. Aubry 
was acting Governor at New Orleans, vice M. D'Abadie, who died. 
Receiving, probably, the sanction of the former gentleman, St. Ange, 
assumed the reins of the government at St. Louis at once, and he so 
liberally conducted the allairs that a stream of immigration set in 
from Lower Louisiana and Canada, and notwithstanding the many 
hardships to be overcome during those olden times, the city of St. 
Louis, has steadily increased in poi)ulation until to-day it has not a 
peer in the New World as a business center. 


In 1769, about five years after the founding of St. Louis, the first 
settlement made in North Missouri was made near where St. Charles 
is located in St. Charles county. The name given the settlement, and 
which it retained until 1781, was Les Petites Cotes, signifying Little 
Hills. The town site was located by Blanchette, a Frenchman, who 
built the first fort and established a military post at that point. Soon 
after the military post at St. Charles had been established, another 
old French village — Portage des Sioux — was located on the Mississippi 
just below the mouth of the Illinois river. The next settlement of any 
note was made on the Missouri river by a colony of Kentuckians, num- 
bering about 0:13 htmdre;l a:i:l fifty, who settled in what was known as 
Cooper's B;)tt ):ii ia Franklin county, and as time went on new settle- 
ments were opened up along the Missouri river until at the present 
time that stream is lined with large and small towns all throuofh the 
state from St. L )us to Kmsis City, The latter was laid out in '30, but 
its growth o:iIy dates from 186), when it became noted as a western 
trading point of easy access. 


For convenience of reference a short table is a[)pende(l to the 
early settlements of Missouri as follows, with the date and estal)libh- 
ment of each in cases where it has been determined: 


Ste. Genevieve, 1735 (0 

St. Louis, 1764 

Near St. Charles, 1765 

Portage des Sioux, 1769 

New Madrid, 1780 

New Bourbon, . . . .' 1789 


Big River Mills, St. Francois Co., 1796 

Near Farmino-ton, St. Francois Co., 1797 

Perry County, 1796 

Bird\s Point, 1800 

Norfork, . - - 1800 

Charleston, 1801 

Warren County, • •■ • 1801 

Parkersville (Cote Sans Dessien,) 1801 

Loutre Island, 1807 

Boone's Lick, 1807 

Cooper's Bottom, Franklin Co. , 1801 


Notwithstandino; the few inhabitants of Missouri were at a long 
distance from the scenes of the famous war between Great Britain and 
the United States which was declared by this country June 18, 1812, 
under the administration of President James Madi^son, they participat- 
ed in many engagements with the Indians and were obliged to exercise 
ceaseless vigilance against this insidious foe. For a number of years 
the British traders had incited the red men against the white settlers of 
the state, which was at that time only a territory, and had sui)plie(l 
them with arms and ammunition. In July, 18 H), W. I. Cole and two 
other men at Loutre Island w^ere killed while trying to recover proper- 
ty stolen by the Pottawattomies. In 1815 the Sac and Fox Indians 
who had _stolen horses from the same settlement were followed by a 
party of "rangers" led by Capt. James Callaway, for whom the grand 
old county of Callaway, was named, a grandson of the noted Daniel 
Boone in command. The captain and three of his comrades were killed. 


In 1813, Fort Madison, Iowa, was abandoned and burned to prevent 
Indian occupation. During the same year the scattered settlements, 
where the counties of Montgomery, Lincoln, and Pike now are, were 
often plundered by the red men under the noted Black Hawk and 
other chiefs. In St. Charles cf)unty many bloody massacres occurred. 
But at length they were protected from further danger by the erection 
of a number of forts and strongholds against their enemies. 


In ISol a treaty was made Ijetween the United States and the 
Sac and Fox nations of Indians, but however one old warrior of the 
Sacs, Black Hawk, who had fought with great bravery in the service 
of the British in the war of 1812, had always taken great exception to 
this treaty and pronounced it void. He established himself in 1831 
with a chosen band of braves upon the disputed territory in Illinois 
and ordered the whites to leave the coimtry at once, but instead of 
obeying the chief of the red men, fifteen hundred volunteers from that 
state, aided by General Gaines with a company of regulars, surprised 
the Indians and forced them into another treaty by which they gave up 
their lands and agreed to remain west of the Mississippi river. It was 
not long however until a band of these same Indians attacked a party 
of friendly Menominies camped at Prairie du Chien, murdering twenty- 
live and wounding many others, Brig. -Gen. Atkinson with a large 
company of regular troops from Jeti'erson Barracks, near St. Louis, 
was sent to chastise the blood thirsty murderers who had ruthlessly 
violated their treaty. After this Black Hawk, with his adherents re- 
crossed the Mississippi and established himself at Rock River, Keokuk. 
The rightful chief of the Sacs remained true to the treaty with the 
United States but Black Hawk's followers were bent upon revenge and 
plunder. May 14, 1832, a bloody encounter occurred near Dixon's 
Ferry. On account of the proximity of these hostilities to the Mis- 
souri border and fearing an invasion from the Indians, Gov. Miller or- 
dered Maj.-Gen. Richard Gentry, of Columbia, Missouri, to raise one 
thousand volunteers to start for the frontier at once if wanted. Orders 
were accordingly issued by General Gentry to Brig. -Gens. Benjamin 
Means commanding the Seventh; Jonathan Riggs, the Eighth, and Jes- 
se T. Wood, the ninth brigarde. Third division, on May 29th, 1832, 
to raise the tirst named 400, and each of the last 300 men. Each man 
was "to keep in readiness a horse with the necessary equipments, and 
and a rifle in good order, with a full supply of ammunition." Boone 
county at once raised live companies, and others were raised in Calla- 


way, Mont2:omeiy, St. Charles, Lincoln, Pike, Marion, Ralls, Chi}' 
and Monroe. Two of them, Capt. John Jamison's of Callaway, and 
Capt. David M. Plicknian's of Boone were mustered in for thirty days' 
service in July, 1832, and placed under the command of Maj. Thomas 
Congers. This detachment, accompanied l)y Gen. Gentry in per- 
son, arrived at Palmyra July 10, and live days later at Fort Pike which 
is situated on the Des Moines river at the present site of St. Francis- 
ville, in Clark county, and on his arrival found that no hostile Indians 
had invaded that part of Missouri Gen. Gentry ordered the work on 
Fort Matson to be discontinued. On August 5th this detachment was 
relieved ))y two other companies under the command of Capt. Sinclair 
Kirtley of Boone, and Patrick Ewing of Callaway. Maj. Congers re- 
mained in command of the fort. In September, the Indian trou])les 
having apparently subsided, the troops were mustered out of service 
on the northern frontier of Missouri. Black Hawk died in Iowa in 
1838, at the age of about seventy years. 


Without doubt one of the most striking features in the annals of 
Missouri was the progress of Mormonism from 1831 until the Mor- 
mons were driven out of the state by General Alexander W. Doniphan 
in 1838. Their Prophet, Priest and King, Joe Smith, seemed to act 
by appointment from on high, claiming that his mission was both 
of a trancient and spiritual nature. In 1831 he came to Missouri, 
where it was claimed the foundations of a kingdom were laid in Jack- 
son county, at Independence, which he named "The New Jerusalem." 
Smith and his followers entered several thousand acres of land in 
Jackson county, where he intended to more securely estaljlish a church 
and to instruct his followers in its peculiar tenets and practices in a 
more elective manner. They published the Eoening Star (the first 
newspaper in Jackson county) and made themselves so generally ob- 
noxious that the Gentiles, who were in the minority, became enraged 
to such an extent that they took the type and press from the office 
and threw them into the Missouri River; tarred and feathered the 
Bishop and two of his comrades, and otherwise gave the Mormons and 
their leaders to understand that they must conduct themselves in a 
more discreet manner if they wished to rest in peace. The distruc- 
tion of their newspaper and threats of otherwise maltreating the 
Mormons did not seem to avail much as on October 31, 1833, a deadly 
combat took place near Westport, which resulted in the killing of 
two citizens and one Mormon. On November 2, the Mormons arrived 


at a point two miles west of Independence, bent on destroyins^ that 
place as a retaliation for the manner in which they had formerly l)een 
treated, but were repulsed by Gentiles who began pouring in from all 
quarters, and met them at that point and compelled them to lay down 
their arms and agree to leave the county with their families by Janu- 
ary 1, 1834. When they left Jackson county, they crossed the Mis- 
souri river into Clay, Carroll, Caldwell and other counties where they 
selected a location in Caldwell county for their town, to be known as 
"Far West," at which place they entered more land for their future 
homes, where they remained unmolested until 1838, when twoof their 
leaders purchased some land at De Witt, Carroll county, and settled 
there. It was a good point from which to forward goods and immi- 
grants to their town of Far West. As soon as the settlers around De 
Witt were aware of the fact that these parties were Mormon leaders, 
a public meeting was called which was addressed by some of the prom- 
inent citizens of the county. They did not do anything at this meet- 
ing, Init at a subsequent meeting a few days later when a committee 
was appointed to wait upon Col. Hinkle, one of the leaders of the 
Mormons, and informed him of what they intended to do. Upon be- 
ing notified by this committee. Col. Hinkle became very indignant 
and threatened to exterminate all who should attempt to molest him 
or his saints, and at once recruits flocked to the town in countless 
numljers from their ditt'erent settlements to be in readiness in case of 
trouble with the Gentiles. The attack by the Gentiles was planned 
to take place on the 21st day of September, 1838, and one hundred 
and fifty men were stationed near the town on that day. An encoun- 
ter ensued, but without serious effect when the Mormons fled to some 
log huts, where they could more securely resist the Gentiles who had 
returned to their camp to await recruits from Saline, Ray and other 
counties near by. After some days of discipline, the brigade pre- 
pared for an assault headed by Brig.-Gen. Congreve Jackson, Col. 
Ebenezer Price, Lieut. -Cul. Singleton Vaughan and Major Sarshel 
Woods, but before the attack was made, two influential citizens of 
Howard county. Judge James Earickson and Wm. F. Dunnica, with 
the permission of General Jackson, met the Mormon leaders for the 
purpose of bringing about a reconcilliation without bloodshed, and 
induce them to leave the country in peace, which was finally agreed 
upon, and the Mormons without delay loaded up their effects and left 
for their town of Far West, in Caldwell county. The Mormons had 
no doubt sufl'ered considerable, but the end was yet to come. Gover- 


nor Bo^o-s, in 1838, issued a proclamation ordering Maj. -Gen. David li. 
Atchison to call out the militia of his division and enforce the laws. 
He called out part of the first brigade of Missouri State Militia, imder 
command of General Doniphan and ordered him at once to the seat 
of war. Gen. Clark was placed in command of militia. The first 
engagement took place at Crooked River, but the principal fight took 
place at Haughn's Mills. Eighteen Mormons were killed and the bal- 
ance captured, while only one militiaman was wounded. The town of 
Far AVest was surrendeied to General Doniphan in October, 1838. 
The leaders of the Mormons were taken in custody for trial while the 
remainder of their people were allowed to leave the state in a peace- 
able manner with their families. While en route to Boone county for 
trial Joe Smith made his escape but was afterwards, in 1814, killed in 
Carthage, III., wdth his brother, Hiram. 

MEXICAN WAR, 1846 TO 1848. 

The war between Mexico and the United States from April, 1840, 
to September, 1847, was caused by the revolt of Texas from Mexico 
prior to its admittance to the United States in 1845. Texas had not 
only revolted, but, claimed and carried into the United States a great 
deal more territory than had been conceded to her in the original Mex- 
ican arrangements. President Polk in November, 1845, dispatched 
Slidell, a Southern Congressman; to Mexico to confer with President 
Herrera, concerning some indemnity for Texas, also to negotiate for the 
territory, now California. The congressman was not received, owing 
to the fact that the soldier, Paredes, had succeeded the president of 
Mexico. General Zachary Taylor, then commanding the army, was at 
once ordered by President Polk to advance through the disputed ter- 
ritory and take a position on the banks of the Pio Grande river, which 
he did near Metamoras, where he was attacked by the Mexicans under 
Arista and a part of his forces was captured April 23, 1846. While 
Gen. Taylor was engaged in Mexico Gen. Kearney marched onto and 
conquered the whole country now embracing New Mexico and raised 
the emblematic Stars and Stripes, and sent Doniphan to join Wool at 
Chihauhau. Near the middle of May, 1846, General Edwards of 
Missouri made a call for volunteers to join the "Army of the West" 
who were sent to Santa Fe with Gen. Stephen W. Kearney in com- 
mand. About June 18, complete companies had arrived at Fort 
Leavenworth, from Jackson, Lafayette, Clay, Saline, Franklin, Cole, 
Howard, and Callaway counties. Upon their arrival an election was 
held which made Alexander W. D(miphan, colonel; C. F. Kutl, lieu- 


tenant-colonel, and William Gilpin, major. These companies marched 
from Fort Leavenworth to Santa Fe, (of which march we have no rec- 
ord at hand) and the "Army of the West" from Missouri will ever be 
remembered in history for the fearlessness which they displayed in 
the Mexican war. In the early part of the summer of 1846, Hon. 
Sterling Price, then a Missouri Congressman, resigned his office and 
was placed in command of another regiment of volunteers from Mis- 
souri, by President Polk to give reinforcement to the "Army of West." 
The requisite number of men was soon raised, with companies from 
Boone, Benton, Carroll, Chariton, Linn, Livingston, Monroe, Ran- 
dolph, Ste. Genevieve and St. Louis counties, and about the first of 
August were quartered at Fort Leavenworth. On their arrival an 
election was held and Sterling Price was made colonel. Governor 
Reynolds made another requisition for one thousand men to consist of 
infantry, in August, 1847, to be in readiness for a close march behind 
Colonel Price's army. Major John Dougherty was chosen for colonel, 
but the president countermanded the order under which the force was 
mustered before the receipt of marching orders. Capt. Wm. T. Laf- 
lann was mustered into the service of the United States at Independence, 
Missouri, in May, 1847, and served until the close of the war. He 
oi)erated as far into Mexico as Santa Cruz De Rosales, where a hard 
battle was fought with great loss and defeat to the Mexicans. In July 
1848, these forces were ordered to Independence, Missouri, and were 
mustered out in October of the same year. ^ 


The presidential campaign of 1860 will ever be regarded as one of 
the most im]X)rtant in the history of the Republic of the United States, 
as the canvass of that year was one of the most exciting the country 
had ever experienced. There were four candidates in the Held. Abra- 
ham Lincoln was nominated by the republican party on a platform in 
opposition of the further extension of slavery, which was declared to 
be the actual issue. The democratic convention met at Charleston, l)ut 
was divided on the slavery question in the Territories, and, after a 
long and stormy session, the party was disrupted, and the delegates in 
favor of "Southern Rights" withdrew from the convention. They met 
twice, first at Richmond, and afterwards at Baltimore, where they suc- 
ceeded in nominating JohnC. Breckinridge of Kentucky, for president, 
Stephen A. Douglas, the apostle of popular sovereignty, was nominat- 
ed by the Squatter Sovereignty democrats, while the fourth, John 


Bell of Tennessee, was chosen by the "American'"' party, or Constitu- 
tional Unionists, as their candidate. 

As a result of this contest Mr. Lincoln was elected president. The 
leaders of the South declared that his election would be considered a 
o;ood cause for a separation of the Union. It was now evident that 
under the new administration, all the departments of the government 
must pass into the power of the republican party. President Buchan- 
an did not favor a disunion, and did not consider that he had the right, 
constitutionally, to coerce a sovereign state. The time, therefore, 
Avhich passed between the election in November and the inauguration 
the following March, was fully improved by the southern leaders. 


It was on December 17, 1860, that a convention assembled at 
Charleston, S. C, and passed a resolution declaring that the relations 
hitherto existing between that state and others, under the name of the 
United States of America, was at an end. This measure had almost 
the unanimous support of all the cotton -growing states, and by Feb- 
ruary 1, 1861, six other states -Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Geor- 
gia, Louisiana and Texas — had withdrawn fro ii the Union. Nearly 
all the congressmen from these states, resigned their seats in congress 
and joined the disunionists. 

On the 4th day of Februry, 1861, six delegates from each of the 
seceded states met in Montgomery and proceeded to form a new gov- 
ernment to be called the Confederate States of America. The govern- 
ment was organized by the election of Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, 
on the 8th day of the same month, as provisional president, with 
Alexander H. Stevens as his Vice-President. When the representa- 
tive slaveholders declared in Congress in 1850, that unless California 
should be admitted as a slave state, they would dissolve the Union, 
albeit, they would do it "calmly and peaceably," Daniel Webster arose 
in his majesty and in a few words uttering a remarkable and prophetic 
warning, said: "I hear with pain, anguish and distress the words seces- 
sion; peaceable secession. Sir, your eyes and mine are never distined 
to see that miracle — the dismeml^erment of this vast country — without 
convulsion! The breaking up of the fountains of the deep without 
ruffling the surface! Who is so foolish as to ex{)ect to see such a 
thing? Sir, he who sees these states now revolving in harmony 
around the common center, and expects to see them (juit their places 
and fly off without convulsion, may look the next hour to see the heav- 
enly bodies rush from their spheres and jostle against each other in realms 


of space, without producing the crash of the universe. There can be 
no such thing as peaceable secession! Peaceable secession is an utter 
impossibility. Is the great constitution under which we live here, 
covering the whole country, is it to be thawed and melted by seces- 
sion, as the snows of the mountains melt under the influence of the 
vernal sun, disappear almost unobserved and die oflf ^ No sir! No sir! I 
see it as plainly as I see the sun in the heaven. / see disruption must 
produce such a war as I will not describe in its two-fold character.'''' 


This great American Nation seemed almost on the verge of ruin, 
and for the time being the government was paralyzed. President 
Buchanan was distracted with hesitancy and the contradictory councils 
of friends. With the exception of Forts Moultrie and Sumter, in 
Charleston Harbor, Fort Pickens, near Pensacola, and Fortress Mon- 
roe, in the Chesapeake, all the important posts in the seceded states 
had Ijeen seized and occupied by the Confederates, even before the 
organization of their government. 

Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated in March, as President of the 
United States, with Wm. H. Seward, of New York, Secretary of 
State; Salmon P. Chase, of Ohio, Secretary of the Treasury; Simon 
Cameron, of Pennsylvania, Secretary of War, and G ideon Welles, 
Secretary of the Navy, as members of his Cabinet, but it was not 
until April 15, 1861, that he issued a proclamation declaring the South 
to be in a state of rebellion and calling for 75,000 militia to "repossess 
the forts, places and property seized from the Union." Both Houses 
of Congress were summoned to assemble in extraordinary session on 
July 4, 1861. Jefl'erson Davis also issued a proclamation two days 
later than the one of Lincoln, calling upon "The good people of the 
Confederacy," to rally and drive out "the invaders." On the same 
day Virginia seceded from the Union and was followed by Arkansas 
May 6, and North Carolina on the 20th of the same month. East 
Tennessee was strongly opposed to disunion and it was not until June 
8th that a secession ordinance could ])e passed. Maryland's people 
were divided in their o|)inions, but the disunion sentiment prevailed 
largely. As will 1)6 seen presently, in Missouri the movement result- 
ed in civil war, while in Kentucky a proclamation of neutrality was 
issued by the authorities. 

The tirst bloodshed in the civil war was at Harper's Ferry, when 
on April 19, some Massachusetts regiments were passing through Balti- 
more on their way to Washington, were attacked by the citizens with 


stones and fire arms, at Avhich time three men were killed. The next 
battle was on the 20th of the month w^hen a company of Virsfinians at- 
tacked the great navy jard at Norfolk, The federal officers in com- 
mand fired the buildings, sank the vessels, spiked the guns and with- 
drew their forces. Most of the vessels and cannons were afterwards 
recovered by the confederates. The property thus captured amounted 
to about 110,000,000. So stood the opposing powers in the Ijeginning 
of the summer of 1861. 


jVIissouri had l)een deeply involved in the agitation caused l)y the 
territorial (juestions connected with the subject of slavery, and as the 
state was largel}^ populated ])y emigrants from Kentucky, Virginia 
and other southern states, or by their descendants, there was nat- 
urally a strong and widespread sympathy Avith the secessionists. But 
notwithstanding this sympathy, there was considerable conservatism 
among her people, and they were not, in the language of Governor 
Stewart's message, to be frightened from their property by the past 
unfriendly legislation of the North, or be compelled to submit to seces- 
sion liy the restrictive legislation of the extreme South. 

Clail)orne F. Jackson, author of the "Jackson Resolution,''' was 
inaugurated governor January -1, 1861, having been elected by the 
Douglas democrats. While Governor Stewart's farewell message con- 
cluded with an eloquont appeal for the maintenance of the Union, he 
depicted the ruin and bloodshed that must attend secession. While on 
the other hand Governor Jackson in his inaugural address insisted that 
"the interest of all slave-holding states were identical; that in case the 
Union were really divided, it would be the duty and privilege of JVIis- 
souri to stand by the South; that the state was in favor of remaining 
in the Union so long as there was any hope of maintaining the guar- 
antees of the constitution, but, that in any event, he was utterly 
opposed to coercion." 

Believing that Missouri had the right to a voice in the settlement 
of this question then pending in the country, he recommended the 
calling of a state convention immediately, that the will of the people 
might be ascertained. The convention was called by Governor Jack- 
son, in accordance with the act of the legislature, and met at JefJerson 
City February 28, 1861. Ninety-nine members were present and the 
convention elected the following officers and was permanently organ- 
ized: Sterling Price of Chariton county, president, (he was regarded 
as a decided Union man); Robert Wilson of Andrew county, vice-pres- 


ident; Samuel A. Lowe of Pettis county, secretary; Robert A. Camp- 
bell of St. Louis, assistant secretary; C. P. Anderson of Moniteau 
county, doorkeeper, and W. B. Grover, sergeant-at-arms. 

Upon President Lincoln's call for 75,000 men, Missouri's quoto 
was iixed at four reo;iments which Governor Jackson was to furnish, 
but in replying to Secretary of War Cameron, he said: "There can 
be, I apprehend, no doubt, but these men are intended to form a part 
of the president's army to make war upon the people of the seceded 
states. Your requisition, in my judo;ment, is illegal, unconstitutional 
and revolutionary in its objects; inhuman and diabolical and cannot be 
complied with. Not one man will the state of Missouri furnish to 
carry on such a crusade." Sisfned, C. F. Jackson, Governor of Mis- 

Pursuant to a proclamation of Governor Jackson the state leo;isla- 
ture met in extra session May 2, 1861, and in his message to that body, 
the Governor reiterated the declaration that the interests of Missouri 
were identical with those of the slave-holding states and recommended 
that it would be policy to arm the people and place the state in an at- 
titude of defence. The legislature responded and passed several im- 
portant measures among which were the following: "To authorize 
counties to loan money not exceeding Jf>30,000 each, to the state; to au- 
thorize the l)anks of Missouri to issue one, two and three dollar notes 
to the amount of 11,500,000 instead of the same amount in larger 
notes. To authorize the Governor to purchase or lease l,)avid Ballen- 
tine's foundry at Boonville for the manufacture of arms and ammuni- 
tion for the war; to authorize the Governor to appoint one major-gen- 
eral, who in time of insurrection, invasion or war, should command 
the entire military force in the Held, and to authorize the governor to 
borrow 11,000,000, to arm and equip the militia of the state in such a 
manner as to enable the protection of the lives and property of the 
people." And in the midst of this body of busy legislators dropped 
the new^s that Camp Jackson had been taken at St. Louis. 

By order of Governor Jackson the United States arsenal at Liberty 
had been seized April 20, 1861. Upon the capture of Camp Jackson 
and the consequent disasterous collision between some of the United 
States troops and the peo})le, the wildest excitement prevailed through- 
out the state. The most essential reports flew abroad of the ])rutal 
murder of men, women and children by infuriated soldiery. People 
in various localities rose to avenge the reported terril)le slaughter and 
tbe whole state was in a frenzy of indignation. 


A conference was held in St. Louis between Gen. Lyon, Col. 
Blair j jr., and Maj. Conant on one side, and Governor Jackson, Gen. 
Sterling Price and Col. Thos. L. Sneed, on the other. The interview 
lasted six hours but resulted in nothing except to make a terrible truth 
evident, that their diti'erences could not be adjusted peaceably. Gov. 
Jackson died at a farm house on the Arkansas river opposite Little 
Rock, Dec. 6, 1862. Hamilton R. Gamble was elected governor in 
July, 1861. 

In January, 1862, President Lincoln issued one of the most im- 
portant documents of the modern times — the emancipation proclama- 
tion. As the state of Missouri was loyal to the Union, and was at the 
time of the proclamation represented in congress by her chosen repre- 
sentatives, the provisions of that document had no effect upon slavery 
within her borders. 

Thus after an existance of more than two hundred and fifty years, 
the intitution of African slavery was swept away. Although it was 
the purpose of the general government to do away, to discriminate 
carefully between Union and non-Union slave-holders, and to suffic- 
iently indemnify against all losses occasioned by the freeing of their 
slaves, yet in many cases loyal men were ruined financially in this 
srreat overthrow of southern institutions and all classes suffered tos^ether. 


Battle of Boonville, better known as the "Boonville races;" won 
by Federals, who took possession of Camp Vest and Boonville. 

Battle of Carthage, between forces of Gen. Sigel and Gov. Jack- 
son, fought July 5, 1861; victory for Confederates with loss of 2,50 or 
300 men, several horses, guns, etc. 

Gen. John Fremont assumed command of the Western Department 
with headquarters at St. Louis, July 26, 1861. 

Battle of Wilson Creek, between the forces under General Lyon 
and General McCulloch Aug. 10, 1861. This was one of the fiercest 
battles that took place in Missouri. Gen. Lyon was killed and was 
succeeded by General Sturgis. 

Governor Gamble issued a proclamation August 24, 1861, calling 
for 32,000 men for six months to protect the property and lives of the 
citizens of the state. 

On August 30, 1861, General Fremont declared martial law and 
declared that the slaves of all persons who should thereafter take an 
active part with the enemies of the Government should be free. 

At daybreak on Septem))er 12, 1861, General Price began an at- 


tack at Lexington on Col. Mulligan's forces, who worked night and 
day to strengthen their fortiiications, ])ut Price's forces were too 
strong for him and on the 20th Col. Mulligan with 2640 men surren- 
dered to Price, the white flag was raised, and the seige of Lexington 
was at an end with l)ig gains for the Confederate forces. 

On October 16, 1861, Maj. White, with his "prairie scouts" con- 
sisting of 185 cavelry, captured seventy-live Confederates and released 
all the Union prisoners at Lexington, confined by Price a short time 

The Battle of Springfield took place Oct. 25, 1861, with a loss to 
Union side. 

Martial law was declared in St. Louis, Dec. 23-25,1861, and the 
adjacent country, and covering all the railroad lines. 


The first engagement of any note in 1862 was the Battle of Pea 
Ridge which commenced March 6, at early morning, and after two 
days hard fighting the Federals came out victorious. The Confederate 
Generals McCulloch and Mcintosh were both killed in this battle. 

Battle of Cherry Grove took place in June, 1862. 

Battle of Pierce's Mill was fought in June, 1862. 

Florida Battle took place July 22, 1862. 

On July 28, 1862, a hard fought battle took place at Moore's 
Mill, where Porter was defeated. 

The Battle of Kirksville was fought Aug. 6, 1862, with a heavy 
loss to the Confederate forces. 

Battle of Lone Jack was won by Federal forces, August 16, 1862. 

Battle of Newtonia took place Sept. 13, 1862, and was wx)n by 
the Confederates. 

On Sept. 25, 1862, ten Confederate prisoners were executed at 
Macon City by order of General McNeill. 


The first battle of 1863 was fought at Springfield on Jan. 8th. 

Battle of Cape Girardeau, April 26, 1863, resulted in the defeat 
of the Confederates. 

On Aug. 26, 1863, General Thomas Ewing issued his celebrated 
order No. 11, at Kansas City, Missouri. » 


October 13, Battle of Marshall. 

January, 1864, Gen. Rosecrans takes charge of the department. 

On October 8, 1864, Battle of Glasgow took })lace. 



The next and one of the most atrocious slaughters ever perpetrated 
in the history of the state was the noted Centralia Massacre. On 
Monday night, Sept. 20, 1864, Anderson's GuerrilUis, numbering from 
two to four hun(h-ed, encamped about three miles southeast of Cen- 
tralia, which was situated on the North Missouri railroad (now known 
as the Wabash) in Boone county. On Tuesday morning at about ten 
o'clock seventy-five or one hundred of this ))and went into town and 
at once commenced plundering the stores and depot. At 11:30 a pas- 
senger train from St. Louis came in sight and immediately the Guer- 
rillas commenced throwing obstructions on the track and firing at the 
engineer, James Clark, who was running the train at the time, and, 
who is at present running an engine on the Centralia Branch of the 
Wabash. After the train stopped the robl^ers entered the coaches 
where they relieved men, women and children of money and other 
valuables. There were twenty-three Federal soldiers aboard the train 
who were marched into town and shot down like dogs. The Guerrillas 
burned the depot and six box cars that were standing near. After 
robbing every one that crossed their path, they set fire to the train 
and started it on its way to Sturgeon. It only ran a short distance 
before it was stopped and entirely consumed. In the afternoon of the 
same day Maj. Johnson and Col. Kutzner's rigiments of Missouri 
volunteers arrived upon the scene with one hundred and fifty mounte<l 
infantry. An incounter took place in an open field southeast of town, 
Maj. Johnson's men being armed with long guns, were ordered to dis- 
mount. They only fired one volley before the Guerrillas dashed in 
among them splendidly mounted, each carrying three or four revol- 
vers. Part of Joshson's men were still on horseback and started to 
run, but were followed and shot down. Maj. Johnson was killed. 
There were only four or five of the infantry left and they were wound, 
ed. The Guerrillas had but three killed and seven wounded. The 
remains of companies A. G. and PI. of Thirty-ninth regiment were 
buried at Centralia on the 27th of Sept, 1864. Since the close of the 
war their remains have been taken up and ])nried at Jefferson City in 
the National Cemetery. 


Pere Marquette, La Salle and others of Catholic persuasion, were 
the first representatives of religious thought to penetrate the Missouri 
and Mississippi valleys, where they at once began performing mission- 
ary lal)ors among the Indians. The Protestants came about a century 


afterwards and in the course of time the Protestantial seeds were scat- 
tered along the courses of the two greatest rivers in the world, which 
form the eastern and western borders of Missouri and still a little later 
they had penetrated the inland country, until the present time, when 
church spires can be seen pointing heavenward from every city, town 
and hamlet in the state. 


The tirst Baptist church organized in what is now known as the 
state of Missouri was founded in Cape Girardeau county, near the 
Mississippi river, in 1806, under the labors of Rev. D. Green. The 
growth of this denomination has been marked, and it has gone on in- 
creasing until, now it marshals a great host, and it is still rapidly en- 
larging in members, and advancing in intelligence and general thrift. 
This denomination has been a great lilessing to the state in the way of 
organizing educational institutions, among which are William Jewell 
college of Liberty, that has a world wide reputation as an institution of 
higher education; Stephens college of Columbia and the Baptist Fe- 
male college of Lexington, which are also gaining much prominence. 


This is one of the largest denominations in Missouri, and was first 
organized in the state some time y)revious to 18:^9, and has established 
many literary institutions, among which are Christian college of Co- 
lumbia; Woodland college of Independence, and many other prominent 
colleges that are all in a thrifty condition. This denomination now 
has many pul)lications throughout the state, and in many other ways 
is doing much to christianize the people of Missouri. 


The first Trinitarian Congregational church was organized in St. 
Louis in 1852, with Rev. T. M. Post, D. D., as pastor. In 1864-65, 
fifteen churches were organized in towns along the Hannibal & St. Joe 
railroad. In 1875, the denomination had five district associations, 
seventy churches and forty-one ministers. Among their educational 
instituions are Drury college of Springfield and Thayer college of Kid- 
edr, which have made rapid progress since they were first opened. 


The first services of the Protestant Episcopal church held in Mis- 
souri was on Oct. 24:, 1819, and Christ church was organized in St. 
Louis Nov. 1, of the same year. Rev. John Ward, previously of Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, was the first rector. This denomination controls 


several secular schools that are doino; much in an educational way. 


There is scarcely a county in the state where at least one dozen or 
more Jewish families are not settled. Jefferson City, Sedalia, Spiing- 
tield, Rolla, Washington, Macon City, Louisiana, Hannibal and many 
other small cities throughout the state that have wealthy and influen- 
tial citizens, l)ut too few in number to form independent religious 
connuunities. In St. Louis, Kansas City and St. Joseph they have es- 
tablished congregations, Sunday schools, and houses of worship. They 
also have several institutions of charity in these cities. The oldest 
Hebrew congregation in Missouri was organized at St. Louis in 1838. 
Their churches have grown rapidly since their organization in the 


The tirst Lutheran church organized in Missouri was founded in 
St. Louis in 1839. This church has made rapid strides towards the 
top round in the ladder, and now has a house of worship in nearly 
every town of any note within the Ijorders of the state. They now 
have hospitals and charitable institutions in St. Louis, Kansas City, 
St. Joseph and many of the smaller cities of the state. They also 
have many line institutions of learning of which they may Avell feel 
proud, among which are Concordia College and a high school, both 
located at St. Louis. 


The Methodist P]piscopal church in Missouri dates from an early 
period in the history of the state. Lideed, several societies were 
formed before it became a state, and those were part of the old Illi- 
nois Conference. When the separation of 184:4:-45 took place and the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South was formed, the societies in Mis- 
souri were broken up with few exceptions and the members either 
joined that organization or remained unable to effect a reorganization 
of their own until 1848, when the Missouri Conference resumed its 
sessions. During the Civil War the preachers and members were 
driven from neaily all the stations and districts. There were probably 
less than three thousand persons in actual fellowship in 1861-62. In 
May, 1862, the General Conference added Arkansas to the Missouri 
Conference and it bore the name of "The Missouri and Arkansas 
Conference" until 1868, when it was divided, the societies north of the 
Missouri river retaining the old name, Missouri Conference; and the 
societies south of the river, and those in Arkansas being formed into 


the St. Louis Conference. In 1872 the societies, in Missouri, south 
of the river became the St. Louis Conference. Those in Arkansas the 
Arkansas Conference. They have many educational institutions 
throughout the state. 


John Clark was the name of the first Protestant minister who 
preached the Gospel in this state and was a Methodist local preacher. 
He resided where Alton now stands and occasionally crossed the river 
to a settlement of Americans near Florisant. The first regularly ap- 
pointed Methodist preacher was Rev. John Travis, who received an 
appointment from Bishop Asbury in 1806. He formed two circuits 
and at the end of one year returned one hundred members. These 
circuits were called "Missouri" and "Meramec;" and at the Conference 
of 1807, Jesse Walker was sent to supply the former and Edmond 
Wilcox the latter. As time has gone on this denomination has flour- 
ished, and have built and have under their control many magnificent 
schools all over the State. 


This church was first organized in Missouri in the spring of 1820, 
in Pike county. The Presbytery comprised all of Missouri and 
Arkansas and Western Illinois, with four ministers, two of whom 
resided in Missouri at on3 tiin3. Tlisre are now in the State fourteen 
Presbyteries and one Synod. They have under their control many 
first-class high schools that are in a prosperous condition. 


The organization of this denomination dates back to 1816 at Bell- 
vue settlement, eight miles from St. Louis, but its missionary efforts 
date back to 1814, two years before the church was organized. The 
church was divided throughout the United States in 1838, and was 
known as the Old and New Synods. The Old School Synod was divid- 
ed on political questions springing out of the war in 1861. The Old 
and New School Presbyterians united in 1870, and since that time 
have steadily increased in membership. 


This church was first organized in the city of St. Louis in 1819, 
at which time the missionary enterprises of this denomination began 
in Missouri. In 1836, organizations of this church were made in 
Fayette, Boonville, St. Charles, Hannibal and other points and has 
had a wonderful increase in the State, and have control of a number 
of charitable institutions. 



This denomination was first organized in Missouri, in Johnson 
county, at Warrensburg, in 1867, and has had a rapid increase in 
membership since its organization. 


The first con o-r eolation of the Unitarian church in Missouri was 
organized in St. Louis in 1834, by liev. W. G. Eliot. Up to the 
present time it has a small following. 


The first written record we have of the organization of this church 
in the State, dates ])ack to 1760, and shows that Father Watrin, who 
performed ministerial services in Ste. Genevieve, where the organi- 
zation took place. In 1766 a church was organized in St. Louis, and 
a small log church was erected in that city in 1770 by Father Menrin 
In 1818 there were four chapels, and for upper Louisiana seven 
priests. They opened up their first Seminary west of the Mississippi 
river, in Perry county, about this period, for the education of the 
young. In 1826 Father Rosatti was appointed Bishop of St. Louis, 
and through his efforts the Sisters of Charity, Sisters of St. Joseph, 
and of the Visitation, were founded, besides many other benevolent 
and charitable institutions. In 1831: he completed the present cathe- 
dral. After this, churches were built in all parts of the State. In 18-17 
an Arch-diocese, Avith Bishop Kenrick, Archbishop (deceased in 
1896). This church has prospered and increased in membership very 
rapidly since its organization over one hundred years ago. 


In educational opportunities, Missouri occupies second position to 
no state in the Union. The first constitution of the State provided 
that, "one school or more shall be established in each township, as 
soon as practical and necessary, where the poor shall be taught gratis." 

Thus it will be seen that the framers of the Constitution, in 1820, 
made provision wherel\y the poorest and humblest of the State could 
receive at least the benefits of a primary education. Prior to the es- 
tablisliment of the free school system, education throughout the State 
was obtained wholly from private institutions. 

It was not until 1830, during the administration of Governor 
Boggs, that the public school system, in its essential features, was 
perfected. At that time the clause limiting its benefits to the poor 
was eliminated, and provision made for a State Superintendent of 


public instruction, for a county board of education, and for a town- 
sliip board. 

Prior to '39, the idea of a free school, for all classes, was not 
popular, and met Avith considerable opposition, especially amono; 
those who were in a condition to send their children to private institu- 
tions of learning, believing, at that time, that the puljlic school system 
could not be otherwise than defective. Since then, however, the 
school laws of Missouri have undergone many changes, and the system 
has steadily grown in usefulness and power. While the greatest 
growth of our public school system succeeded the civil war, it was 
not until 1875, when the new constitution was adopted, that the pres- 
ent admirable system of pnl)lic instruction went into effect, which not 
only made provision for the education of the white, but for chihlren 
of African descent. In addition to an annual income derived from a 
public school fund set apart by law, not less than twenty-live per cent 
of the state revenue, exclusive of the interest and sinking fund, is an- 
nually applied to the support of the public schools of the state. The 
officers in charge of Missouri's public school interests are a State 
Board of Education, State Superintendent, County Commissioners, 
County Clerk and Treasurer, Board of Directors, and Teacher. The 
State Board of Education consists of the State Superintendent, Gover- 
nor, Secretary of State and Attorney-General, the Superintendent, 
who is chosen by the people every four years, being the executive 
officer. In addition to keeping a record of the county school funds 
and annually distribute the same to the counties, he is supervisor of 
the work of county school officers; grants certificates of higher qualifi- 
cations; makes an annual report of the condition of the schools to the 
General Assembly, and has various other duties connected with the 
educational interests of the state. County Commissioners are also 
elected by the people, for a term of two years, it I)eing their duty to 
conduct institutes, examine teachers, distribute blanks and make 

Among the many institutions of learning in the state, the State 
University, at Columbia, ranks along with the first. This institution 
was provided for in the state constitution in the year 1820. When the 
State was admitted to the Union, Congress granted to it one entire 
township of land for the support of a "Seminary of Learning." This 
land was put into the market in 1832 and brought 17.5,000, which was 
invested in such a manner as to increase by accunudation to the sum of 
$100,000. In 1830, by an act of the General Assembly, five commis 


sioners were appointed to select a site for the location of the Univer- 
sity, which was to contain fifty acres of land in a compact form, within 
two miles of the county seat of Cole, Cooper, Howard, Boone, Calla- 
way or Saline counties. Bids were let among these counties, and 
Boone having subscribed ff 117, 92 1, which was about 118,000 more 
than any other county, the University was located there, and on the 
4th of July, 1840, the corner stone was laid with appropriate cere- 
monies. Since the opening of this institution it has prospered and 
has been a monument of power in the educational interests of the 
state, and one that the people of Missouri should point too with the 
linger of pride. 



The first newspaper established west of the Mississippi was fairly 
inaugurated at St. Louis, July 12, 1808, by Mr. Joseph Charles, and 
was called the Missouri Gazette. This journal was the germ of 
the present St. Louis Republic, one of largest and most influential 
journals now published. The establishment of the Gazette., though a 
sheet not larger than a royal octavo page, marked the beginning of a 
new age in the growth of St. Louis. In 1811, St. Louis is reported to 
have had 12 stores, 2 schools, 1 printing office and ?,400 inhabitants. 
A large portion of the currency consisted of peltries, lead and 
whisky. The first paper established west of St. Louis, was the 
Missouri Intelligencer., published at Franklin, by Nathaniel Patton, in 
1819; was moved to Fayette in 1823, and in 1835 to Columbia, where 
he began the publication of The Patriot., afterwards changed, in 1843 
to the Missouri Statesman., and published ])y Col. Wm. F. Switzler, 
now editor of the Boonville Democrat. 


On the morning of the 16th of December, 1811, occurred an earth- 
quake, with its center of disturbance in point of violence and position 
near New Madrid, Mo., and extending over half a hemisphere, that 
proved one of the most extensive and destructive in the history of the 
world. The first shock was felt about two o'clock and was repeated 
with decreasing violence, for several weeks. While perhaps there 
have been published many exaggerated reports relative to this catas- 
trophe, its awfulness, and the indescribable horrors that filled every 
living creature, beggars description. The earth reeled and rocked 
under men's feet, and fissures were formed, five and six hundred feet 
in length and from twenty to thirty feet in breadth. The undulations 


of the earth upheaved the waters of the Mississippi and much of the 
country adjacent; Sabrina, one of the Azores Islands, was elevated 
360 above the level of the sea; and Caracas, a Venezuelan city of 12,000 
inhabitants was totally destroyed and sunk sixty feet under water. 
One of the marked features of this catastrophe were the great depress- 
ions and elevations of the surface, for in many instances lakes became 
dry land and elevations became lakes. Consideral)le land in the south- 
eastern part of the state was ruined for agricultural purposes, and 
some of it for time to come. 


The first steamboat to enter the Missouri river and ascend that 
stream was the Independence^ Captain John Nelson, from Louisville, 
Kentucky. According to contract with a number of St. Louis parties 
to go up the river as far as Chariton, a town near Glasgow, long ex- 
tinct, and return, she left St. Louis, May 15, 1819, and arrived at 
Franklin, Howard county. May 2S, occasioning considerable excite- 
ment and joy among the people. At Franklin a big public reception 
and dinner was tendered the officers and passengers of the boat. The 
voyage was continued up to Chariton, per contract, and then returned 
to St. Louis on the 5th of June. The successful navigation of the 
Missouri thus far, evoked no little amount of joy and enthusiasm 
throughout the country and marked an era in the history and prog- 
ress of Missouri civilization. 

Hardeman's garden. 

The following is taken from Colonel William F. Switzler's His- 
tory of Missouri: 

"Just above the mouth of the Lamine river, in Howard County, 
and five miles above Old Franklin, there was from about 1820 to 1835 
a lovely and famous retreat known as 'Hardeman's Garden' — a vine- 
clad and rose-covered bower, very similar to the renowned 'Tower 
Grove' of that public benefactor, Henry Shaw, deceased, of St. Louis. 

The founder of this celebrated garden, John Hardeman, was a 
North Carolinian by birth; born in 1776, removed in 1817 to Caronde- 
let, Missouri, from Williamson County, Tennessee, and two years 
afterward to Howard county. He was a gentleman of wealth and 
culture, and studied and practiced law in his native State. But, being 
passionately fond of agricultural and horticultural pursuits, he abon- 
doned his profession and determined to establish in the wilds of Mis- 
souri and on the rich alluvial lands in 'Cooper's Bottom' the most 
splendidly-etjuipped farm and garden west of the Alleghanies. Am- 


hitioiis to excel in this attractive industry, he purchased several hun- 
dred acres of land, and on a chosen spot immediately on the Missouri 
river hiid otr ten acres in an exact scjuare for a botanic o;arden, spar- 
ins^ neither expense nor la))or in adorning it with fruits, llowers and 
shrubs, indiirenoiis and exotic. Serpentine walks, paved with shells, 
conducted the admirino; visitor throuo^h this charming court of Flora, 
where, amid ze})hyrs of the richest perfume, flowers of the most 
beautiful hue greeted the eye and fruits of the most delicious flavor 
tempted the hand. 

No dou])t P>yron was endeavoring to convey some idea of such a 
spot when his rich fancy gushed forth in this beautiful rhapsody: 
'Know ye the land ot the cedar and vine, 
Where the flowers ever blossom, the beams ever sliino; 
Where the h'ght wings of Zephyr, oppressed with perfume, 
Wax faint o'er the gardens of Gul in her bloom; 
Where the citron and oHve are the fairest of fruit. 
And the voice of the nightingale never is mute; 
Where the tints of the earth and the hues of the sky, 
In color though varied, in beauty may vie.' 
r>ut 'Hardeman's Garden' is gone! And he, to whose genius and 
cidtivation it was indebted for the adornment and brilliancy which 
made the forest bloom and blossom as the rose, is gone also — having, 
in 1821), on his way home from Old Mexico, died of yellow fever in 
New Orleans. And the gay and cheerful groups who once threaded 
its labyrinthian paths, enchanted by the songs of birds and made hap- 
py in the midst of cultivated magnificence, are to be seen no more. 
Not a tree, or shrub, or vine, or flower of the Garden remains. All 
are gone — even the very spot on which this Elysium was located! It, 
as well as the once flourishing town of Franklin, has fallen a victim to 
the treacherous currents of the river, whose banks they once adorned."" 


In 1825, Marcjuis de I^a Fayette, accompanied by his son, (Jeorge 
Washington La Fayette, while the guest of the United States, upon 
the invitation of the Fresident, visited St. Louis. This grand nu n 
after an absence of nearly lifty years, came to visit the country for 
whose independence he had not only risked his own life, ))ut expended 
of his own means 700,000 francs ('1140,000) during our Revolutionary 
struggle, by sending a regiment, armed and ecpiipped, to fight for 
American Independence, and freighting a vessel loaded with arms and 
numitlons of war. He visited each of the twenty-four states, and was 
everywhere received with true i)atriotic cordiality and gi-atitude. 


ll[)()n invitation of its citizens, he visited St. Louis, April 2S, 1825, 
where he was tendered a most enthusiastic reception. Durinjr his stay 
in St. Louis, other tlian private hospitalities accorded him, he was 
tendered a splendid l)an([uet at the leadino; hotel. He also visited the 
Missouri No. 1, of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, an order of 
which he has lono; been a member, and with his son, were elected hon- 
orary members of that lodi^-e. While the truest of the nation, La Fay- 
ette visited the Ca})it()l, and was received in both houses of (yonf^ress, 
where he was welcomed with "•reat favor and o;ratitude, and when as 
a token of the nation"'s appreciation for past services and sacrifices, an 
appropriation of $2()(),()(>0 in money, and twenty-four thousand acres 
of land in Florida was made for his benefit. His death occurred May 
20, 1834. 


Durino- the entire history of the city of St. Louis, nothino; has 
ti'anspired that created so much consternation as the ratring Asialic 
C'holera which made its ai)pearance there durino; the summer months 
of 1882. The (irst attack of that dreaded disease was on a soldier at 
the Jerterson IJarracks, but it did not come without warnincr. Every- 
thino; was done in St. Louis to prevent the spreading^ of the disease, 
but to no avail. It tirst visited the outskirts of the city and invaded 
most of the principal streets, carryino^ death ami desolation to the 
homes of every one it visited. The disease lasted five weeks and 
destroyed aliout four per cent of the cit3''s population. The disease 
returned attain in the years of 188(3 and 1841). 


Amono; the most notable events of Missouri's history, which has 
transpired within the past fifty years is the (^reat St. Louis lire which 
occurred on the lUth day of May, 184!). In the eveniuij^ of that day 
fire broke out on the steamer "White Cloud" while lyin<r on the 
wharf between Vine and Cherry streets, and every effort to arrest its 
pro<>^ress was futile. The Hames very soon reached four other ))oats 
that were in close proximity. The fastenin<is of the White Cloud were 
soon l>urned loose and she floated out into the stream amonjy other 
steamers in port, and in a very short time twenty-three other boats 
were on fire. This immense conflao;ration was a mile in lencrfh and 
the levee beino; covered with barrels, })ales, })oxes and combustible 
articles the fire reached the city where whole blocks were wiped out 
of existence. Twenty-three steamers, three ])arges and one canal 
boat were destroyed whose total values, with their caro;oes, was esti- 


mated at *f^439,000. The value of the whole amount of property de- 
stroyed was estimated at ^3,000,000. This w^as the most disastrous 
spectacle that ever came under the observation of St. Louisians. 


In 1851 the contract was let for the building of the St. Louis and 
Pacilic Railroad, from St. Louis to Washington, a distance of forty- 
five miles, and about one thousand laborers were employed to do the 
work. By November 1, 1855, the road had been extended to the 
length of 125 miles, from St. Louis to the state capital at Jefferson 
City, when a celel)ration of this great event was proposed by an ex- 
cursion over the road and a grand dinner at the state house. The 
train left the depot at nine o'clock and in about three hours reached 
the bridge across the Gasconade, which was not fully completed but 
was thought to be in a condition to transport the train, which w^is 
about 600 feet long. When the engine reached the first pier the 
span gave way and the engine, baggage car and several passenger 
cars went down to a watery abyss below and several of the pleasure 
seekers were killed. This was no doubt the first railroad wreck that 
ever occurred in the state. 


On July 15, 1881, the fact of the killing of the noted Missouri 
outlaw, Jesse James, by Robert Ford, brought a sigh of relief to 
many of the inhabitants of the state. Jesse and his noted band of 
highwaymen for a number of years after the war, terrorized the peo- 
ple of Missouri by their lawlessness in the v(Siy of robbing banks and 
trains in all parts of the state. It was not until the date above men- 
tioned, that Governor Thos. T. Crittenden offered a heavy reward for 
him dead or alive that one of James' confederates was induced to 
shoot him from behind his back. Ford was arrested by the author- 
ities of St. Joseph, where he conunitted the deed, but was soon given 
his liberty by Governor Crittenden, who paid him the reward. Ford 
became very reckless, and led a fearful life after he had killed a man 
who would have risked his life in his (Ford's) behalf, and was finally 
killed in Creed, Colorado, in a manner similar to that in which he 
killed Jesse James. His brother, Charles ford, who was also in on 
the deal, finally shot himself in a house, one mile east of Richmond, 
Missouri, within a short distance of where he was born and raised. 
A short time after Jesse was killed his brother, Frank, surrendered to 
Govenor Crittenden and has since lived an honest life. So ended the 
career of a noted gang of bandits. 











1— < 





























































Shortly after the bloody massacre at Centralia, kSepteniber 27, 
1S()4, the leader of that nefarious gang of robbers, outlaws and mur- 
derers went to Ray county, where on the 26th of October, he got into 
a skirmish with a company of Missouri ]\Iilitia and was killed. Upon 
his body was found i^SOO in gold, $ioi) in treasury notes, six revolvers 
and several orders from General Price. There has been several dis- 
]Hites as to the ])()int where he was killed, whether or not it was in 
Carroll or Kay county. At any rate his death occurred somewhere 
near the line of these counties. 


May 27, 'iXJ, will long be remembered as the date of one of the most 
destructive and disastrous cyclones in the history of the United 
States, devasting a large portion of St. Louis and a still greater por- 
tion of East St. Louis, Illinois, carrying death, destruction and dest)- 
lation in its wake, rendering thousands homeless and in many instances 
scattering the savings of a life-time to the four winds of heaven. 
Perhaps the full extent of the damage and sutiering caused by the 
tornado may never l)e known, yet it is known that nearly -tOO })eople 
were killed and more than a thousand injured, to say nothing of the 
individual sutiering, or the deprivation endured in silence by the 
thousands who were only too glad to esca})e with their lives. The 
])ath of the storm through the city measured seven miles, and damag- 
ed property to the estimated value of nearly tifty million dollars. 


On the 17th of November, 1837, the state house, situated upon 
the site n(jw occuj)ied by the Governor's mansion, at Jellcrson City, 
caught tire and was entirely consumed, with all the records of the 
office of the Secretary of State, the whole of the oliice furniture and 
a great portion of the State Lil)rary, involving a loss that could not 
be replaced. The ])iulding, a brick structure build at an original 
cost of 'f2,5,0O0 was erected for the occupancy of the Governor, when 
the capitol, then in cowrse of erection, was completed. The ])resent 
capitol was connnenced in 1838 and was occupied by the Legislature 
of 18i0-41, and cost ^5^350,000. At the ensuing November election 
(1896) the tax payers of Missouri will be called upon to vote on a 
proposition removing the state capitol to Sedalia, the citizens of that 
town having given satisfactory bond to erect suitable buildings and to 
defray all expenses incurred by the removal, free of cost to the state. 


— ■ . — & 

Governor, $5,000 and mansion; Lieutenant-Governor, llOOO and 
$7 per diem during session of the Legislature; Secretary of State, 
Treasurer, Auditor, Superintendent of Public Schools, Attorney -Gen- 
eral, Railroad and Warehouse Commissioners, Superintendent of In- 
surance, State Geologist and Clerk of Supreme Court, each $3,000; 
Labor Commissioner and Adjutant-General, each $2,000; Mine Inspec- 
tors, $1,500; and Librarian, $900. 

History of Chariton County 


History of Chariton County. 

^Y> HARITON, the best county, in the best state of the 
Union, enibracino- an area of 740 square miles and 
containing 466,891 acres of hind valued according to 
the last assessment as 'f3, 846, 01)3, was organized No- 
vember 16, 1820, being a part of the territory then 
embraced by the boundary of Howard county. Thus 
almost four score years have come and gone since 
this, one of the oldest and fairest daughters of the 
mother county came into existence; and the events 
and changes, discoveries and inventions that have 
taken place within this period have indeed been 
many. At the time of the organization of Chariton county, all that 
territory now eml)raced in the counties of Linn, Sullivan, Putnam, and 
a inirt of Adair and Schuyler were embraced by its boundaries. The 
county seat was established at the town of Chariton, situated in the 
southern part of the county near the mouth of the two rivers of the 
same name, which streams were called after some early French traders 
who had a fur agency at this point. These men are supposed to have 
been the tii'st white persons to press the soil of Chariton county. Just 
when they made this settlement is unknown, but it is certain they 
were here as early as 1804. 

The earliest ])ermanent settler of the county of whom we have 
any account was one George Jackson, who located in the southern part 
of tfie county, near the Missouri river, in 1812, and who afterwards 
rei)resented the county in the General Assembly. The next settlement 
was made on Yellow Creek, north of Brunswick, l)y John Hutchinson, 
his sons and their families, about 1816, though the exact date of this 
settlement is controverted. 

In 1818 the Missouri river })ottom, west of the Grand Chariton 
river, was settled Ijy James Earickson, afterwards Senator and State 
Treasurer, his son-in-law, Gallon Turner, Archibald Hix, Samuel 
Williams, Col. John M. Bell, John Morse, Henry Lewis, Richard 
"Woodson, John Doxey and others who settled the county as far north 
as Bowling Green prairie. 

-I'in^,} t>. 



y\> tUx nj a"- 


About the same time settlements were made in the Forks of the 
Chariton l)y Joseph Vance, Colonel Hiram Craio;, Abraham Lock, 
Nathaniel Butler, Thomas Watson, Peterson Parks, Kobert Hays, 
Sa.iiuel Burch, Samuel Dinsmore, James Heryford, James Ryan and 
Abner Finnell. Durino^ the same year Major Daniel Ashby, Abram 
Sportsman, Alexander Trent. John Harris, John Sportsman and Ed- 
ward B. Cabell made a settlement on the Bluffs, and John Tooley, 
Samuel Forest, Joseph Madox and Thomas Anderson settled in Chari- 
ton Township. 

Thomas Stanley, a noted hunter and trapper, who dwelt in a 
hugh sycamore log, and spent much of his time in the woods and 
along the streams, was the original pioneer settler on the banks of the 
Grand river. With wild food as his subsistence and a sycamore splin- 
ter dipped in raccoon oil for light, Stanley spent his long winter even- 
ings perusing the current literature of the day as happy and contented, 
perhaps, as a prince. 

While the list given above does not include all the pioneer 
settlers and the places they settled in the then Chariton county, yet, 
these were among the pioneers who penetrated the "Western 
Wilds" and settled amid the savage Indians and dangerous beasts, and 
suffered the hardships of frontier life while carving out comfortable 
homes for themselves, their wives and children. Many were the hard- 
ships they endured. Besides the encounters with the Indians, the dan- 
gers, fear and dread of that race, which they had constantly to endure, 
they were without roads, bridges, mills, blacksmith shops and many 
other thing so essentially necessary to the welfare and convenience of 
a community. Yet, withal, they lived happily, save the fear and 
dread of the Indians. Every settler owned one gun and one dog, at 
least. These were considered indisi)ensible, for without them the 
wild beasts would have invaded the yards and houses of these pioneers. 
Each raised a patch of Hax, a patch of cotton and a little corn, as these 
were deemed necessaries. They manufactured all their own clothes 
out of the skins of wild animals and out of Hax and cotton. The old- 
fashioned loom and the big and little spinning wheels were common 
furniture in most of the houses. These machines were manufactured 
by the men and the women knew how to use them. In winter the_ 
men wore fox-skin caps and straw hats in summer. Shoes were made 
of buckskin tops and rawhide soles and Avere called shoe packs or moc- 
casins. The women wore home-made cotton goods and much rivalry 
existed in those days between the ladies in regard to getting up new 


and beautiful patterns of checked and striped cotton dress goods. 
Sugar, in those days, was made at home out of the sap of sugar or 
mat)le trees, while coffee, being a foreign article, was so costly that it 
was a luxury these pioneer settlers could not attord. Venison, bear 
meat, wild turkeys and wild honey abounded in great abundance and 
those who had cows to produce milk really lived in "a land flowing 
with milk and honey." Bee trees tilled with honey could be found 
everywhere, and the honey cost only the labor to get it. Wild game 
was so abundant that the early settlers kept their families well sup- 
plied with it. With these meats, wild honey, wild fruits and plenty 
of "hoe-cakes" the pioneer housewife could set a table "good enough 
for a king." 

In 1820 the tide of immigration was directed toward Chariton 
county and inunigrants from the toljacco regions of Kentucky and 
Virginia came i)ouring in and other settlements rapidly followed. 
Farms were opened, mills and manufacturing estal)lishments erected 
and the settlement of the county commenced in reality. Finding the 
soil and climate both well ada^ited to the growth of tobacco, it soon 
became the staple product and in fact still holds an important posi- 
tion in agriculture. At that date transportation facilities were very 
crude and sim|)le, l^eing carried on by wagons, keel or liat boats. 
In navigating the Missouri river on their return trips these rudely 
constructed boats would have to be cordelled up stream. Due to the 
swiftness of the current and innumeraljle snags, it was then thought 
that the river could never be navigated. The fallacy of this argument 
was soon after proven by the successful trip of a steamboat to this 


Chariton was laid out in the spring of 1817 by Duff Green, one of 
the most prominent and distinguished citizens of the State, who after- 
wards acipiired a national reputation as a politician, and as editor of 
the United Stales Telegraphy at Washington; Government printer, and 
later as editor of a journal published at New York, called the Repub- 
lic. He was born in Georgia about 1794 and died at Dalton, of that 
state, June 9, 1875. 


In January, of 1819, John M. Peck, D. D., visited Chariton, the 
guest of General Duff' Green, and in speaking of his visit in his mem- 
oirs, said the town at that time contained about thirty families, a 
number of whom were very respectable and intelligent, and several 


unqiio,stioiiJil>ly ])i()us. On January 3i'cl, he prciiched at 12 o'clock an<l 
ao-ain at ni<>lit. At the hitter service he suo-trested the formation of a 
Female Mite Society, to assist in spreading- the Gospel. The follow- 
ing week an organization was effected with 22 members, who siibscril)cd 
$'S6. The first Sunday School west of St. Louis was commenced at 
this place in the following spring. 


In 1S2(), Chariton was a very promising city. A historian of the 
county in speaking of the town says: '"Everybody had high hopes of 
Chariton being a great city, it sj)rang up as all western towns, by 
magic; the })eople l)eing intelligent and enterprising, it soon was 
looked on as one of the to be 'future great' cities of the state. Persons 
owning lots in St. Louis exchanged them for lots in the city of the 
forest. Alas, however, for hunuin expectations, St. Louis is the 
'future great' and the city of Chariton is one of the things of the past." 
At one time the town had a population of 1,200 people. 


Among the early business men of Chariton were the firms of 
John Ross & Co., (composed of John Ross, William Glasgow and 
John Cull); General Duff' Green and Stephen Donahoe. Captain 
White opened the first saloon. ,Josei)h Brewer was a manufacturer 
of hats and Frech'ick Beanbrick, at that time the only German settler 
of the county, was the tailor. Lewis Green a slave, who at this time 
was the property of John Moore, was the blacksmith. The first hotels 
were kept by Isaac Campbell and Robertson Moore. James Sample, 
afterwards a United States Senator from Illinois, and a brother-in-law 
of Duff Green, and Green himself were the pioneer lawyers. James 
Keytes, afterwards the founder of Keytcsville, administered to the 
spiritual wants of the people as a Methodist preacher. Doctors John 
Ilolman, John Bull, (afterwards a member of Congress from Missouri) 
and Willis Green, (a Ijrother of I)Liff' Green) were the pioneer physi- 
cians. In 1820 a "Loan Office Bank," with Colonel Henry F. Williams 
as manager and cashier, was estal)lished at Chariton, l)ut collapsed in 
1822, occasioning some little excitement among those })ecuniary inter- 
ested in it. 


At a very early day Chariton had two schools, one taught by a 
Baptist minister l)y the name of Ebenezer Rodgers, and the other ])y 
a gentleman l)y the naiue of John Brownjohn. In 1824 a woman came 
to Chariton and wanted to preach to the people, but the idea of a 


woman preachinof at that <Uiy and place was so far in advance of public 
favor, that the people thought her niind was unbalaiiced and advised 
licr to leave. 


The first steam mill piit up in the county was erected near Old 
Chariton in 1820 by a man named Findly; but was destroyed by fire 
diirino; the winter of lS'23-24, entailino; a trreat misfortune to the peo- 
ple of that locality. 


In 1S25, the fortunes of the little town so auspiciously l>eo;un in 
the wilderness, began to wane, due to the Chariton river overfiowing 
its banks and the unhealthy climatic conditions that foHowed. By 
1840 the town was entirely abandoned, since when the once thriving 
and ambitions little city has existed only in the imagination. 


Prior to "! 833 there were no mails north of the Missouri river, 
west of "Old Chariton." In that year, however, arrangements were 
made for carrying the mail from Chariton to Liberty, in Clay county, 
a distance of one hundred and thirty miles by the route traveled, it 
requiring six days to make the round trip. A son of James Wilson 
was the first person to carry the mail, l)ut was soon succeeded l)y 
Charles Mann, In Octobes of 1833, the late Judge John M. Davis, of 
Brunswick, who was then a youth of 15 years, took charge of the 
mail and ])erformed its duties for three months, his compensation l)e- 
ing ^9 per month and his board and ex})enses, he furnishing his own 


Tobacco growing in Chariton county virtually dates from 1833, 
when Judge John M. Feazle, of Virginia, came to Chariton and posted 
written notices throughout the town promising to purchase all the 
tobacco the farmers could raise for three years at '^2.^i) jier hundred. 
Very little tol)acco had previously l)een grown in the county, but 
since that date Chariton has ))een one of the banner tol)acco ofrowinof 
counties of the State. 


The first circuit coiu't ever held in the county met in the town of 
Chariton, February 20, 1821, and was presided over by Circuit Judge 
David Todd. Edward B. Cal)ell received the appointment of clerk 
and John Moore that of sherifi'. The first trial by jury was a case 
entitled "John Gaither et al vs. Uriah F. Ileufi'man," a civil action 



















































appealed from a Justice of the Peace court. The jury failed to ao-ree 
and were discharged. The o;rand jury empanelled at this terra of court 
were composed of the follovvino; gentlemen: Henry Lewis, James 
Heryford, Samuel Dinsmore, Aide Lee, Alisalom McDaniel, Samuel 
Forest, William Crawford, Isham Douo;lass, James McKown, Lewis 
AVhite, John (laither, Joseph lirewer, Leonard Brasstield, Abram 
Lock, Samuel Watson, William Jones, Nathaniel Butler, Archibald 
Hix, Benjamin Cross, Al)ner Chapel, Banks Thornton, Robertson 
Daniel and Charles Harrin_o-ton. Court met again June 25, 1821. 
All of the gentlemen mentioned above have long since departed to the 
ofreat unknown, Nathaniel ]>utler being the last survivor, who died in 
1868 at the age of l-i jcars. Major Daniel Ash])y, James Earickson 
and J. M. Bell composed the tirst county court organized. Major 
Ashby was a prominent personage in the settlement of the county and 
was honored with a number of positions of distinction and trust. He 
lived to a ripe old age and his memory is kindly cherished by many 
now living. 

The second term of court met June 2.5, 1821, and a grand jury 
impanelled with Daniel Ashley as foreman. The first state case was 
"The State of Missouri against Seth Boths and John Moore." After 
the finding of two other indictments the grand jury was discharged. 

The third term of court met in October, 1821, and continued for 
two days, where two or three criminal cases and a numl)er of civil 
cases were disposed of. At this term of court license to practice law 
were granted Henry T. \Mlliams, Peyton K. Hay den and Abiel 

After a space of about eleven years the county seat was moved to 
Keytesville, (see page 155) where the first court house in the county 


l^elow we give the names and dates of some of the earliest mar- 
riages that occurred in the county. Among those given no doubt 
some of our readers will recognize the names of their ancestors. 

January 13, 1820, occurred the marriage of eJohn Montgomery 
and Elenor Moore, J. M Fowler, a Justice of the Peace, officiating. 
Mr. Fowler also officiated at the marriage of A])salom McDaniel and 
Polly Wolfscale, October 12, 1820. 

Samuel Gibbs and Mary Barnes were made one on the 23rd day 
of July, 1821, by Will W. Monroe, also a Justice of the Peace in and 
for the county of Chariton. 


James Slaytor and Mary McDaniol were luarrictl Anijust 2, 1821^ 
by Martin Moro;an, another Justice of the Peace. 

On the 13th day of August, 1821, the rites of matrimony between 
William Felltwood and Patsc}^ Ashby were (hUy celebrated by James 
Earickson, J. P. 

Josiah Shockley and Nancy Clark were married October 11, 1821, 
the ceremony beino; performed by Henry Lewis. 

George Bnrckhartf performed the ceremony on the 3rd day of 
March, 1822, that joined in the holy bonds of wedlock John Cooley 
and Polly Kitchens. 

Martin Leary and Matilda Kirby were married December U!, 
1821, the ceremony being solemnized by Charles Harryman, a minis- 
ter of the (xospel. 


At a reunion of the old settlers of Chariton county, held (hu-ing 
the progress of the Keytesville Fair in 1877, Hon. Charles J. Cabell, 
deceased, read an interesting and instructive paper upon the early 
settlement of the county, from which we glean the following infor- 
mation : 

In Octol)er, 1818, Edward I>. Cabell, father of Hon. Charles ,1. 
Cabell, W. W. Monroe and Daniel Duvall, accompanied by their fam- 
ilies, settled at the town of Chariton and united their destinies with 
the people of Chariton county. At that time the town of Chariton 
was the rival of St. Louis, and the home of good society and men of 
excellent literary attainments. James Semple, who afterwards repre- 
sented a district of Illinois in Congress for six years, conducted a large 
tannery on a small creek near by, while a Mr. Clements operated a 
a pottery in the same locality. Half a mile or more above the pottery 
was a distillery owned by the Camerons, while another was oi)erated 
about a mile below the town. In 1819, Col. Joseph J. Monroe, 
grandfather of Hon Charles J. Cabell and a brother of the then Presi- 
dent, located at Chariton. Among some of the most distinguished 
gentlemen who attended the early courts of Chariton county were 
Archibald and Hamilton R. Gamble, Judges McGirk, Wash, Tomp- 
kins, llyland, Leonard, Gen. John P), Clark, elohn Wilson and others. 

In speaking of the people of that day, Mr. Cabell says, no one 
was ever turned from their doors hungry; their d );)rs wore always 
open and they kept no locks. There was no law-breaking, no violen(;e 
or rush for money-making beyond their wants judiciously indulged. 
They were a band of brothers having a common interest and home. 


To relate here the various incidents in the lives of these pioneer 
settlers, the harclshi[)s and privations they endured and the ofrand 
achievements they accomplished under adverse circumstances, intrans- 
forinino; a howling^ wilderness, abounding;; with b.iffakis, bairs, deer, 
panthers, wolves and wild turkeys, into a civilized, intellectual comnm- 
nity, would make a work far more voluminous than our purpose to 
issue, nor would it accomplish the desired end of the publishers in 
presentino- to the world the grand opportunities and possil>ilities 
afforded here to-day. 


Chariton county is centrally located on the north side of the Mis- 
souri river, 80 miles east of Kansas City and 160 miles west of St. 
Louis; is bounded on the north by Linn and Macon counties, on the 
east by Macon and Randolph, on the south l)y Howard county and the 
Missouri river, and on the west by Carroll and Livingston counties. 
According to the census of 18D0, has a population of 26,254, which has 
been materially increased during the past six yeais. 

Truly this is a well watered county, the streams of which flow 
generally st>uth and are well distributed through the county. With 
the Grand river on the western border, the Chariton flowing peacefully 
through the center and the East Fork on the eastern boundary, and 
the country between them intersected l)y the Middle and Muscle 
Forks, the country has not a lack for streams. In fact the farmers 
of Chariton county give themselves little concern for water, after hav- 
ing dug a well to a depth of 1 5 to 30 feet. Many large farms are 
su|)plied with Jjut a single well of this kind and never lack for water, 
always linding an al)undance ^yhich is both healthy and palatable. 
With streams above mentioned and their many tributaries, the wells 
and artiflcial ponds, together with innumerable springs that gush as 
cooling fountains, we say Chariton is truly a well watered county. 


The general surface of the county is an undulating plane, though 
l)y no means flat, having a perfect system of natural drainage. The 
uplands of the county are mainly prairies, from three to ten miles 
wide, and from eight to twelve miles long, slightly rolling though not 
enough to wash, yet sufficient to afford good drainage. The soil is a 
dark, friable, alluvial, from one to four feet deep, very fertile and 
easily handled and especially adapted to the raising of corn, wheat, 


tobacco, oats and timothy. The bottom banks alono^ the rivers are 
composed of a bkick,rich imperishal)le alhivial soil, from one to eio;ht 
feet in depth, and capable of producing anything the farmer could 
wish. Less than thirty years ago these lands were a wet and swampy 
district, considered unlit for habitation or cultivation. But, a great 
change has since taken place and these marshy swamps have become 
dry, tilable land. As the hills have been cultivated, the low places of 
the bottoms have been tilled up by the alluvial dep >sits brought down 
to them from the roads and cultivated tields and the land rendered 
more compact, by the tramping of stock, and 1)eing covered with a 
thick sward of blue grass as fast as they become dry enough. In 
speaking of the soils of Chariton count}^ a recent historian says: 
"The entire superticial soils of the county are underlaid by strong, 
consistent, silicious clays and marls, so rich inli]ne, magnesia, alumna, 
organic matter and other valuable constituents, that centuries of deep 
cultivation will prove them like the kindred loess of the Rhine and 
Nile valleys, absolutely indestructible. Everywhere, about the rail- 
way cuts, ponds, cisterns, cellars and other excavations, where these 
clays and marls have had one or two years' exposure to the frost and 
air, they have slacked to the consistency of an ash heap, and bear such 
a rank growth of weeds, grass, grain, vegetables and }oung trees, that 
in the older and less fertile states, they might readily be taken for de- 
posits of the richest compost." 

The timber of the county is found along the streams and consists 
of a number of varieties, of excellent growth, principally among which 
will be found oaks of all kinds, ash, sycamore, cottonwood, willow, 
locust, hickory, walnut and maple. 


Chariton county has many resources, and though not the greatest 
of all, yet of vast importance, are her coal mines. Still in its infancy, 
with development just l)eginning and even the work of exploration 
hardly more than well begun, her coal mining industry alone is a 
sufficient guarantee of the county's continued growth and develo})ment 
throughout the coming century. The entire country, with the excep- 
tion of the alluvial districts, is underlaid with good veins of bitumi- 
nous coal and the day is not far distant when the mining industry will 
constitute an important element of the county's wealth. While imper- 
fectly prospected the conclusion of its vast abundance is just, due to 
numerous outcropping strata surface veins throughout the county. 
Investigations in various localities have been highly satisfactory, always 



findino^ sub-strata veins of sufficient thickness to be protitably worked. 
V^eins ranging; from three to live feet thick have been found at a depth 
of about 60 feet and are now l^eing successfully worked 2 miles east 
of Salisbury. Sandstone formations are found at a number of points 
in the county, which furnishes an admirable quality of stone for 
building purposes. In the southeastern part of the county, near For- 
rest Green, is an inexhaustible mine of iire-clay, which has never 
been fully developed, far superior to the ordinary fire-clays found 
elsewhere for the manufacture of pottery. 



Chariton county is under township oro;anization, being divided 
into sixteen minor civil divisions, with a popuhition according- to the 
census of 1890, as follows: Bee Branch, 1290; P)Owling Green, 141?); 
Brunswick, 3989; Chariton, 1122; Clark, 1225; Cockrell, 1011; Cun- 
ningham, 1341; Keytesville, 3394; Mendon, 735; Missouri, 887; Mussel 
Fork, 1158; Salisbury, 4310; Salt Creek, 992; Triplett, 1256; Wayland, 
1068; Yellow Creek, 1065. Each township has its own board of di- 
rectors, who have jurisdiction over their own roads, and Ijridges cost- 
ing less than one hundred dollars. P^ach township also has its own 
assessor and collector. The government of the county is under the 
supervision of county officials, who are recognized as gentlemen of 
ability, highminded, intelligent painstaking officials. While the 
county officials are all democrats, the citizens of Chariton differ in pol- 
itics as in religion, and though the majority favor the principles of the 
democratic party, there are many able and intelligent thinkers who 
count themselves in the Republican, or Third Party ranks. The pres- 
ent officials of the county are as follows: Circuit Judge, W. W. Ruck- 
er; Presiding Judge County court, Loyd H. Herring; Judge Eastern 
district, Henry Hayes; Judge Western district, Charles E. Allen; 
Judge of Probate, Henry C. Minter; Clerk of Circuit court, Henry B. 
Richardson; Recorder of deeds, Benjamin H. Smith; Clerk of County 
court, Raymond D. P^dwards; Prosecuting attorney, James C. Wallace; 
Sheriff', James E. Dempsey; Treasurer and ex-officio collector, Alonzo 
L. Welch; Coroner, Geo. M. Dewey; Public Administrator, Benj. F. 
Moore; Surveyor, Sanmel J. Carter; School Commissioner, Orville L. 

Inasmuch as the material growth and prosperity of any locality 
depends upon the production of the soil, let us look at that of this 
county, for after all, the only true monarchs that walk the earth are 
the tillers of the soil, and the farmer is the hand and stay of human 
society the world over. And this is no less true in Chariton county. 
If they should fail, the race would soon }>ecome extinct. Had we no 
advantages to offer to these, the most important factors in building up 
a country, we would despair for the future of this county and seek our 
fortune in a more favored clime. As we have already stated, we have 
two classes of land. First, the prairie, with all the advantages that 
this kind of land offers. A prairie that in its topography nothing could 
be added which would make it more desiral)le. Lying in gentle undu- 


latino: swells, with exposures to suit every demand, and with the best 
of natural drainao;e, it needs only to be seen to he appreciated as a 
land of l)eauty and its products need only to be examined that the ver- 
dict of valua))le may be added that of beautiful. Our products on 
these prairie lands are as diversified as could lie wished for by the 
most exactino-. In mid-sununer, when nature seems to try to outdo 
all former eftorts, we look out on the broad expanse and view with 
])leasure the scene spread out before us, of lields studded with their 
shocks t)f o-olden o-rain, bordered with that dark o-reen that shows forth 
the coming beautiful harvest of corn. And so, ever and anon, the 
scene changes, lirst one product and then another following until it 
seems as though the bountiful Giver would lay upon us more than we 
could l)ear away. We say golden grains, for is not any country more 
enriched by its golden grains than l)y its grains of gold. Grains of 
ofold will not sustain life, but golden grains will. When the indomita- 
l)le Walker commanded the city of Londonderry, during the seige, he 
was walking around "The Maiden Walls" one morning to see if a breach 
had been made during the preceding nighfs l)ombardment, hunger, 
like a famished wolf, gnawing at his empty stomach. He plunged his 
hand into his pocket, and, pulling out a handfid of golden guineas, he 
Hung them from him with the exclamation. " Whafs good of gold? A 
piece of leather has more sustenance in it!" But what do we produce 
in lieu of gold? We answer, wheat; a staple the world over. 
How much per acre is the yield on the fertile plains, you ask. The 
answer is that though some years lind us counting, in glad surprise, 
the bushels at an average of thirty, ordinarily we have an average of 
about twenty bushel per acre that will grade No. 2 in the St. Louis 
markets. Again, we raise corn. Our lands are adapted to the grow- 
ing of corn, as is shown at each annual harvest, as the garners are 
tilled to overflowing with this important grain, and at each succeeding 
harvest the farmer's face brightens as he tells of the bountiful crop of 
from fifty to seventy-five ))ushels per acre. Of other grains we will 
say: Oats are a safe and profital)le crop, while rye, though not much 
grown, produces well. Barley is not grown here because other grains 
are more remunerative. Grasses of all kinds are sure, blue grass, as 
a pasture, being the favorite, there being no trouble in getting a stand. 
Where wild prairie land if pastured for a short time, this kind of 
grass fast takes the place of the wild grass. Tobacco is one of the 
chief crops, and has long since l)een proven to be a very valua])le one. 
Of fruits we may say that all kinds flourish here, and it is no uncom- 


mon sight in the fall and early spring to see car after car of fine apples 
shipped from this covinty to the various markets of the world. Yearly 
the limits of the orchards are being extended by the farmers, who are 
quick to see the profits accruing to those who have invested in this im- 
portant branch of husbandry. Plums of the several different varieties 
are produced here in great abundance, and the profit accruing to 
those having plum orchards has been very encouraging. Cherries 
grow nearly everywhere, and have here a permanent place in the cata- 
logue of fruits. Gooseberries, currants and strawberries are fruits of 
certain bearing and good profit. Blackberries are not cultivated much, 
but grow in abundance wild. Raspberries are grown for home con- 
sumption, but might profitably be grown for the Kansas City and St. 
Louis markets. The splendid growth of grapes has encouraged the 
farmers in some cases to set small vineyards, which will, no doubt, 
prove to be the starting point of large and successful vineyards. 

Stock raising, an industry always to be commended, where there 
is suitable grass lands, is by no means neglected here, but, on the con- 
trary, is profitably prosecuted by a large majority of our best farmers. 
Rich returns from this business are showing throughout this section, 
and effects ar^ constantly being made to improve the stock of various 
kinds, and, no dou])t, in a few years any of the stock-raising districts 
would be benefitted by having stock which is bred here. Already some 
of the ])est registered stock has been brought to this county, and our 
farmers all seem bound to handle only the ])est. With this s})irit of 
improvement and the natural advantages offered, it is no lioasting to 
say that the famous blue grass regions of Kentucky will, in time, here 
find a rival for the honors now so generally conceded her. Why we 
thus prophesy is obvious to all who have seen both countries. First, 
blue grass is here what might be termed a natural grass, and but two 
to three years are now required to get a good stand that can ))e profita- 
bly pastured. And, again, lands for this purpose have not yet l)ecome 
so high as to bar those who have not a pasture with which to start in 
this business. AA'^hen we speak of stock-raising we do not mean to 
confine it to any single })ranch of the business, as all the various 
branches are profitably followed here, and there is ample room for 
others, yes, many others, whose taste is for stock farming. Not, as 
on the ranches of the far West, hut after the more profita))le modes 
followed by the stock raisers who have given their attention to the 
better grades. Aside from the grass-producing prairies already 


spoken of, as an inducement to those desirinof to eno;ae:e in this impor- 
tant industry, there is the ))ottom land lying along- the various branch- 
es, as well as alono- the main Chariton river. These l)ottoms furnish 
an abundance of wild grasses that are a succulent food for stock at all 
seasons of the year, and with a little care and Avork could be made the 
most valuable of pasture lands. 


Chariton county has kept pace in the march of prosperity in 
North Central Missouri. Here is her shipping record of surplus 
products for 1894 : Cattle, 17,874; Horses and Mules, 1,102; Hogs, 
47,440; Sheep, 2,790; Mixed live stock, 26 cars; Wheat, 282,600 bush- 
els; Corn, 243,750 ))ushels; Oats, 43,200 bushels; Hay, 6,300 bales; 
Shipstutf, 150,000 pounds; Mixed grain, 1,800 bushels; Flour, 6,150 
barrels; Seed, 1,546 barrels; Tobacco, 1,592,595 pounds; Onions, 
55,260 bushels; Potatoes, 19,134 bushels; Apples 42,253 bushels; Dried 
fruit, 50,720 pounds; Small fruits 65 crates and Ijoxes; Molasses, 
1,517 gallons. Game, 10,928 pounds; Butter, 4,537 pounds; Poultry, 
383,530 pounds; Hides, 26,218 pounds; Wool, 9,588 pounds; Lumber, 
1,583,000 feet; Logs, 36,000 feet; Junk, 120,000 pounds; Brick, 56 
cars; Tile, 11 cars. 


Chariton county can justly ))oast of one of the most improved and 
best school systems to be found in the state. The public schools have 
been thoroughly organized and under able superintendency they have 
made a most wonderful and rapid progress. Just as certain as they 
who would build a great temple, must lay a firm foundation first, so 
must the county that aspires to become a famous seat of learning, first 
- secure a firm foundation in its system of elementary schools. Chariton 
county had this ambition; and while her citizens gave freely of their 
energies and lands and money to build up academies and colleges they 
have wisely given far more attention to make the pu))lic schools of 
this county the best in the state and keep them so. For evidence that 
they have succeeded they point not to the words of praise written by 
travelers; not to the men and women who have come hundreds of miles 
to make their homes where their children could enjoy the best of edu- 
cational advantages; not to the rilJ^ons, medals and awards captured 
in open competition with other districts, but they point to the schools 
themselves and urge every stranger to go to any one of them he 
chooses at any time he will and judge for himself. 

Nowhere is it so important to blend conservatism with the spirit 


of proo;ress as in the public schools. The "fad" and the "'old foo;y 
notions" are equally dangerous to the pupils who can be children ])ut 
once, and therefore "go through the schools" but one time. That the 
directors of Chariton county's public schools have succeeded in steering 
between the two extremes and chosen the wisest median course is 
acknowledged by all who are familiar with the work. Neither energy 
nor time is wasted on useless and foolish experiments; nor is there any 
hesitation to adopt any improved idea or method simply because it is 
new. The same wise judgment has been exhibited in the selection of 
teachers. While no needless changes are made, the standard of excel- 
lence is advancing, and all are required, by hard work and constant 
study to keep fully abreast of the times. There is no difficulty in 
securing the best of talent. Hundreds of applications are received each 
year coming from all portions of the land. As to the courses of study 
in the public schools of the county, they closely resem])le those adopted 
by the better class of schools in the eastern states. 

There is but one serious criticism that can be offered in regard to 
Chariton county's corps of teachers. They will persist in marrying. 
It is hard to blame the young men of Chariton county for wishing to 
tempt these young, intelligent, refined and often — too often — beauti- 
ful women to leave their chosen field of educational work and substitute 
cook books for geographies, and love as a law for "The Law of Love." 
And yet it is extremely annoying, not to say exasperating, for l)usy 
school directors to be called on at the busiest season of the year to 
select a sul)stitute for some popular teacher who has suddenly tendered 
her resimiation on the ground that she is ''otherwise engaged." 

While we are considering the many commercial advantages pos- 
sessed by Chariton county, its magnificent and almost unlimited agri- 
cultural opportunities, in the development of its vast grain fields and 
innumerable orchards; the untold aiillions of wealth to he taken from 
its rich coal fields and the great possi])ilities in store as a manufactur- 
ing center; while we are picturing all these immense resources from 
which to draw for the l)uilding up of a wealthy county, let us not 
forget there are other points of view from which this county nuist l>e 
considered, other standards by which it must be judged and in all 
respects we trust Chariton county can be weighed in the balance and 
found not wanting. Even in this material age, facilities for money 
getting are not to everyone everything, and while, of course, to most 
persons the opportunities to be found in any coimty for gaining wealth 


or a comfortable livelihood are first to be considered, yet to most, if 
not all, there are other tliintjs of almost equal importance, especially 
to those just startinof in life or who have families to ))rina' up. And 
so some of the tirst questions asked by people from other parts of the 
country are : What kind of a place is Chariton county to live ini^ 
What social and educational advantao;es have you? What kind of 
people do you come in contact with ? Are they educated, refined and 
cultured^ Chariton county presents orreat opportunities for business 
investments; what is it like as a home? 

One of the essential requisites to a pleasant home in any country 
is a healthy climate. Certainly no one could complain with that of 
Chariton county. An early sprinof folloAved by a long- britrht summer 
when, to be sure we have hot weather, ])ut it lacks the sultriness 
which in many countries renders a temperature many deo^rees lower, 
oppressive; a pleasant autunm which often lasts until Christmas before 
winter sets in and then a remarkable mild winter considering the lati- 
tude. The homes of Chariton county are many and of crreat variety, 
from the beautiful residence furnished with every luxury that wealth 
and taste could conunand, to the humble two or three room cottage to 
which the honest laborer goes at the end of a day of toil. Rents are 
reasonable, and property is cheaper now than it ever will be again. 
Much more attention is now given than in earlier years to beauti- 
fying the home surroundings; houses are built with more thought of 
permanency, and while equipped with every convenience the external 
appearance is not neglected. In Chariton county the stranger will 
observe tasteful houses surrf)unded by velvetly lawns, made bright by 
flowers of every hue, and cannot but feel that these must be the homes 
of a people of taste and refinement. 

The value placed upon educati(m by the people of Chariton comes 
up to a very high standard, for few counties, if any, can boast better 
eductional facilities. In addition to our magnificent system of public 
schools, of which we have already spoken, Chariton county has a 
numl)er of other institutions of learning, colleges, academies, conser- 
vatories of music, with a long list of teachers in nnisic, language, elo- 
cution and oratory, art and many other special branches. 

^Vhether one has a personal interest in religion or not, no one 
denies the influence of the churches upon the moral tone of a commu- 
nity. The old Puritan settlers of New England built churches and 
school houses side by side, and their descendants who settled in Missou- 
ri exerted the same influence here. Churches of almost every denom- 


ination are represented in Chariton county, many of them by quite a 
number of organizations and under the charo;e of pastors far aliove the 
average in talents and abilities. 

Chariton is pre-eminently a county of fraternal organizations. 
That is the one o;reat fad of her people and they have it worse than 
they ever had the whoopino^ couo:h or the Tril)>y mania. The Masons, 
Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, A.O.U.W. and a long list of other or- 
ders, more or less prominent, are all represented by iiourishing lodges, 
new ones in every order teing continually formed until it would seem 
as if every man must belong to at least two or three. There 
is however an excellent reason for this state of affairs. Anyone who 
has ever watched twigs and leaves and bits of ]>ark floating on the sur- 
face of a river will have noticed how the whirling fragments, drawn 
together by some unknown influence gather here and there in little 
groups or bunches. So here people of all nationalities, representing 
all quarters of the glol^e are thrown together, cut loose from old ties 
and associations, floating upon the stream of life, gather together in 
groups, drawn by some invisible bond of sympathy. Then there are 
the social and literary organizations, almost innumerable, and formed 
for every purpose imaginable, from the study of ethical culture to the 
newest steps in dancing. Whatever one's taste, whether literary, 
artistic, scientiflc or musical; whether one seek recreation in athletics, 
as a sportsman; at whist or dancing, there is some organization to 
make him welcome. 

In some respects there is a different social atmosphere here from 
that of older counties of eastern states. Old traditions have })een 
thrown aside, former predjudices uprooted and new standards adopted 
by which men are judged. There is more of a disposition to judge 
people by their own merits and value them accordingly. A family 
name which gives the owner a certain local prestige in a far eastern 
county is of no particular value one thousand miles away, where one's 
associates, not having had the honor of his grandfather''s acquaintance, 
estimate one according to his own value and not fc)r what that respect- 
ed ancestor may have done. Warmhearted, generous, hospitable are 
the dwellers in Chariton county; pursuing pleasure with the same 
keen avidity with which they grasp business opportunities, active 
and aml>itious and thoroughly in earnest in whatever they undertake. 
Chariton county is the ideal home for young people, who though they 
may have little capital, but brains and ambition, and a determination 
to win success if perseverance and application will do it, will always 


find a warm welcome from the many who have traveled the same 
road that is lief ore them. 

In Chariton county the stranger will lind the same social 
and moral standards found in other localities, only in some respects 
ideas have been broadened with wider opportunities. There is the 
same subtle influence in the atmosphere, that keeps the nervous en- 
ergy to a little higher tension and sharpens the mental facidties so 
that the people think they are a little keener in the conduct of busi- 
ness, appreciate the good things of life more thoroughly and take the 
cares more lightly than they formerly did. In Chariton county the 
stranger will tine people from l)leak New England, from the Sunny 
South, and from the Queen's Dominion, who have come with diverse 
manners and customs and varying traditions, different in aims and pur- 
poses; engaged in building up a county, second to none in the union 
in all that makes a community strong wealthy and happy. 




r d 


^ y 



ALISBURY, the acknowledged metropolis of Chariton 
county and one of the most peaceful, happy and pros- 
perous cities of two thousand live hundred inha])itants, 
handso.iiely located upon an elevated prairie and sur- 
rounded l)y one of the most beautiful and productive 
agricaltural reo-ions to be found upon the face of the 
globe, was organized into a city, of the fourth class, under 
the laws of the state classifying and governing cities 
'%2j/) ^^-^ ^^^^ various classes, in 1882. Prior Bibo, a soldier in 
>f 6 the war of 1812, was the original owner of the land upon 
[^ which the main part of the city noAv stands. Bibo drew 
320 acres which he transferred to one John Bull, he in turn selling the 
land to one James Bennett. In 1856 Judge Lucius kSalisbiny, father 
of the, city that now bears his name, paid Bennett 'l-iOO in gold for the 
two quarters. Two years later Judge Salisbury moved to his farm, 
erecting a box house as a temporary place of abode, until he could 
complete a more substantial structure, which was a frame house of 
two rooms, and stood upon what has since been known as the "Salis- 
bury Square." The city of Salisbury was laid out April 1, 1867, by 
Judge L. Salis))ury, G. W. Williams and O. W. Lusher. The first 
l)usiness establishment operated in the city was a ))lacksmith shop run 
by one John Culver. John H. Thomas opened the first general store. 
The post-oflice was located here in 1863 and was kept at the residence 
of Judge Salisbury, who conducted an entertainment house, known as 
"Stop-a-while, where travelers and the stage coach stopped. In 1870 
the city had grown until it had a population of 626. According to the 
census of 1880, the population was only 908, while the next ten years 
increased the number to 1,700. 

To-day Salisbury has upwards of 2, .500 loyal, enterprising, pro- 
ofressive citizens, who are proud of their city and the steady growth 
and })rosperity it has enjoyed. Why shouldn't they be? Located on the 
main line of the Wa])asli railroad, in direct connection with the great 
markets of Chicago, St. Louis and Kansas City, surrounded by a soil 
unequaled in fertility and with a climate that is both healthy and de- 



lio;htful, Salisbury stands with head erect, " Queen of the Prairie, " 
enveloped in a nineteenth-century atmosphere, ready to challenge the 
world in the race of progress. Nowhere in the whole country can you 
find a city with a larger proportion of beautiful homes or with more 
churches and educational institutions or with Ijetter facilities for ad- 
vancement than here. An unquestioning faith in her future kindles 
the spirit of enterprise among her citizens causing them to unite, 
eager to work for her upbuilding. Men love to work where there is 
a promise of reward and a sure foundation to rear the structures of 
their hopes, and in Salisbury they work without question or doubt, 
and watch with pleased eyes and grateful hearts the fruits of their 
labor in the upbuilding of the city. Salisbury, of to-day, possesses 
many attractive features of 
which her citizens have just J$ 
reasons for feeling proud. 
They are proud of the loca- 
tion of the city and its excel- 
lent natural drainage; proud of 
their lousiness houses and the 
enterprising spirit of the 
merchants ; proud of the 
broad, shady streets, l)order- 
ed on either side by beautiful 
homes, answering all the de- 
mands of wealth, refinement 
and ease, adding beauty to ' 

utility and blending the prac- Salisbury's first business house. 
tical with the ideal. Salisburians take pride, too, in the social advan- 
tages to be found here, for a more social people are not to l)e found. 
In the way of church organizations, various shades of religious belief 
and creeds here tind congenial environment, and are represented by 
twelve different organizations, in charge of pastors of more than ordi- 
nary al)ility, who lal)or unceasingly, not only in looking after the 
intellectual welfare of their congregations, but are active in promoting 
the social culture in all things conducive to the highest ideal f)f Chris- 
tian manhood and womanhood. Another source for great pride are the 
educational advantages offered here to-day, unequaled by any city of 
doul)le population in North Missouri. Salisbury is pre-eminently a city 
of schools, as well as of churches, but as they are more extensively 
spoken of elsewhere we refrain from comments here. Art has its 

i? """^ ^**'*^**'^*' **'*■*'■*'****< *t 


home in Salisbury and there are those amono; its devotees whose names 
may become household words throughout the land. Music has her 
gifted representatives and literature her followers whose names may 
yet become familiar fireside words throughout America. 

As has been previously stated, Salisbury is pre-eminently a city 
of churches, as well as of schools, there being eleven substantial and 
elegant structures to testify to the religious convictions of her citizens. 
Perhaps no other city of equal size in North Missouri has, in propor- 
tion to its wealth, expended so much for the cause of Christianity. 
Salisburians are justly proud of their churches, the influence of which 
is felt and appreciated throughout the community. 


This church was organized on the ninetheenth day of January, 
1867, at the old Union church, two miles southwest of Salisbury, by 
Elders Louis EUedge and W. L. T. Evans, but one year later was 
moved to this city where services were held at the city hall until the 
erection of their present commodious structure, the largest in the city, 
which was built in 1869, costing $3,432.42. This building however has 
undergone many modern improvements and changes, until now it pre- 
sents a marked contrast to the original structure. The interior is nice- 
ly carpeted and handsomely furnished and presents a very cozy, 
inviting ap})earance. The original organization was composed of 
twenty-flve members, while the present membership numbers over 
three hundred. Rev. Louis Elledge served as the first pastor. The 
first trustees of the church were M. L. Hurt, Eli Wayland, and W. C. 
AA'right. This organization has always been very strong, numerically 
and financially; and very active in work. Services are held every Sun- 
day morning and evening. Rev. S. P. Brite, being in charge as pastor. 
Prayer meetings are held every Wednesday evening. The ladies of 
the church have benevolent and missionary societies, home and foreign 
and do a good and noble work. 


This church was organized in 1873 with W. R. Slaughter, Mary 
E. Slaughter, F. T. Dysart, Lou. E. Dysart, Susan E. Dysart, Pollen 
Williams, Mary J. Ellington, L. D. Brummall and C. A. Brummall 
as the original memliers. As stated elsewhere the church property 
was built by the first presbyterians, and sold under a deed of trust, 
when it was l)()Ught in by W. R. Slaughter and sold it jointly to the 
Methodist and Cuml)erland Presbyterians, the latter in 1885 acquiring 



entire control. 8ince, the building has undergone a complete trans- 
formation, especially upon the interior now is one of the best furnish- 
ed churches in the city. Rev. H. 1). Maness is now in charge as 
pastor, his flock numl>ering something like 125. In addition to ser- 
vices being held every Sunday, well attended prayer meetings convene 
each Wechiesday evening and a number of societies from time to time. 

M. E. 


This organization was made in 1869, with seven members; namely: 
John Redding, Rebecca Redding, Jno. T. Marr, Mrs. J. K. Marr, J. 
M. McMurry, S. E. McMurry and Charles W. Hogan. Until 1885, the 
Methodist people shared property with the Guml)erhind Presbyterians 
when they disposed of their interest and erected the projierty they now 
occupy, ol)served by the accomjjanying illustration. This organiza- 
tion has enjoyed a very prosperous growth, until now the mem])ership 
is about two hundred. The l)uilding is nicely furnished and seated 
with opera chairs. Services are conducted each Sunday, by Rev. 
James Ramsey, pastor, who this fall will close his second four years 


lalior in this field, havins^ served this people four years in the eiglity's. 


The tirst church Iniildinoj erected in Salisbury was built in 1868 by 
the above oro^anization and is now the property of the Cumberland 
Presliyterian people. This organization was small, a Mr. Webber be- 
ino- the rulino- elder. Due to the removal and death of members the 
organizations was forced to sell their property and disband. However 
the church was again reorganized in 1878, when a neat structure was 
erected on 4th street, which they have since occupied. The present 
menibership numbers about fifty. 


Among the various churches of Salisbury which have enjoyed a 
highly satisfactory growth, we note with pleasure that of the Chsistian 
church, organized in 1873 with the following membership : J. N. 
Moore, L. C. Moore, L. Silvey, Charlotte Silvey, Mrs. C. J. Via, Mrs. 
Mary Baily, Mrs. M. Dulany, Mrs. C. Dempster, J. H. Hickerson 
and wife, F. B. Phil pott and wife, Calvin Sweeney and wife, and R. 
L. Osborne. The building now occupied by this denomination is a 
nice frame structure, well furnished, and erected in 1883 at a cost of 
$1,800. Rev. G. D. Edwards is at this time in charge as pastor, ser- 
vices l)eino; held twice each month. As with the other churches men- 
tioned, there is connected with the church a flourishing Sunday school 
and one or two society organizations for missionary work, which meet 
regularly and accomplish much good work for the cause of Christ- 
ianity. The present membreship numbers about one hundred and 


This church was organized in Salisbury with only twelve memliers 
in 1887, but the church property they now occupy, in the north part 
of the city, was not erected until during the fall and winter of '89 and 
'90. It is a frame structure, nicely finished ofi', and erected at a cost 
of 1900, which stands as a credit to the enterprise and loyalty of the 
members of this denomination. The present membership is about 
forty. At present. Rev. Wockenfuss is in charge as pastor. 


This organization is an offspring of the Bowling Green church, 
and was estaljlished in Salisliury with about twenty-five members in 
1889. The property they now occupy was erected the same year, at a 
cost of about $1,000 Rev. Rompel is the pastor in charge. 





With sixteen members was ororanized in Salisbury in 1874, their 
house of worship being erected the same year at a cost of $800.00 
and was dedicated by Bishop Kyan, of St. Louis. The present 
membership now numbers about fifty families, and Rev. Father Jno. 
L. Gadel is in charo^e as pastor. Through his instrumentality the 
church property was removed to a different location in the city in '92, 
when $1,600 was expended in its improvement, and enlargement, 


Salisbury has three colored church organizations, who have prop- 
erty that certainly reflects much credit upon the thrift and manage- 
ment of the members. As a rule, Salisbury's colored people are 
peaceable, law-abiding citizens, among whom are found many of more 
than ordinary intelligence, hence it is not sur[)rising that they suppoi't 
three regular organizations in an approved manner. 

The above illustration shows an interior view of L. T. Jackson's 
Palace Barber Shop, North Second street, Salisbury, Mo. The room 
is laro;e, well lighted and ventilated and newly furnished throughout. 
Elegant bath i-ooms are handsomely furnished at rear end where hot 
and cold l)aths can be o-iven any time of day. 



In a previous article we have stated that Chariton county was 
pre-eminently a county of fraternal organizations, and what is true of 
the county in that respect is especially true of Salisbury. In this city 
there are at the present time nine secret organizations, all of which 
have a most creditable memliership and are enjoying a healthy, sub- 
stantial growth. Salisbury Lodge No. 208, A. F. & A. M., the first 
lodge organized in the city, was instituted May 18, 1867, and has since 
been an active and influential organization. The lodge numbers about 
95 members, S. F. Tranunel being Worshipful Master. Regular 
meetings are held on the Tuesday evening on or before the full moon 
of each month. White Stone Royal Arch Chapter, No. 57. was or- 
ganized November 10, 1867, with twelve members and has enjoyed 
a satisfactory increase. 

The second lodge organized in the city was Salisbury Lodge, 
No. 236, I. O. O. F. instituted June 20, 1870, with six charter mem- 
bers, only two of whom are now living and reside in Salisbury; name- 
ly, M. R. Williams and R. M. Jones. The growth of this lodge 
numerically and financially has been all that could have been desired 
or expected. It has performed a good and noble work in this commu- 
nity the influence of which has been felt and appreciated. The present 
enrollment contains the names of 90 members. P^dward C. Westen- 
keuhler is the present Noble Grand. Regular sessions are held each 
Friday night. In connection with the I. O. O. F. is the Daughters of 
Rebekah, who have a very prosperous organization and occupy the 
same hall. 

The third secret organization instituted in the city was Salisbury 
Lodge No. 252, A. O. U. W., organized July 15, 1883, with twenty 
charter members. In the thirteen years of its existence this lodge has 
also made a very commendable advancement in the point of numbers 
and usefullness. The present membership is aljout 60 with John Le- 
Gendre as Master Workman. 

Cloudine Lodge No. 179, Knights of Pythias, was instituted Sep- 
tember 29, 1890, with about 36 charter members, and the rapid growth 
with which it has met has indeed been remarkable. The present mem- 
bership is about 95 with John B. Hayes as Chancellor Commander. 
The Rathbone Sisters is a comparatively new organization in connec- 
tion with the K. P. lodge, but has a good membership and is in a 
healthy active condition. 

The lodges above mentioned all have nice, well furnished halls, 



properly ventilated and conveniently located which never fails to im- 
press upon visiting; lirethren the pride and interest taken in fraternal 
work in this city. 

Considering its age and the financial condition of the country at 
the time of its organization the most phenomenal growth made by any 
organization in the city has been that of the Knights of E([nity, the 
first lodge of which was instituted in this city, November ist)4-. The 
present membership is about one hundred strong. Charles C. Ham- 
mond is the present Commander of Salisbury Council No. 1. 

The Tripple Alliance and Maccabees also have very creditable 
lodges in this city, composed of some of Salislniry conununity's most 
enterprising and influential citizens. 

Salisbury is justly proud of her fraternal associations, for by 
them the stranger finds a reliable standard from which to judge the 
character of men who compose the element of any city or connnunity. 
United by strong, solenm, irrevocable ties, based on the great prin- 
ciples of brotherhood and having for their object the helping of one 
another, wherever found in large numl)ers, will be found a harmo- 
nious and united community free, from strife and contentions. 


A canning fac- 
tory, which dur- 
ing a season of 
three or four 
months of each 
year furnishes 
emph)yment to 
from 40 to (50 
men and women, 
boys and girls 
at renumerative 
wages, to say 
nothing of the 
market atl'orded 
the farmers and 

gardeners near the city as an inducement for them to raise tomatoes, 
corn and apples for canning pur]:)oses, the revenue derived from the 
sale of which at the end of the season amounts to quite a little sum. 



A rirst-class op- 
era house 70x100 
feet, with a seat- 
in o- ca])aeity of 
1,200, furnished 
with substantial 
opera chairs and 
supplied with all 
the necessary con- 
V e n i e n c e s and 
equipments f o r 
the successful per- 
formance of the 
many attractions 
that visit the city. The interior view of this temple of amusement 
and entertainment is indeed a creditable one. With large roomy stage 
and beautiful scenery, well ventilated and lighted by electricit}^, Salis- 
l)urians have just cause for taking pride in this structure. 

One of the best pul)lic schools to be found in North Missouri, 
taught by educated, cultured and retined ladies and gentlemen. 

Three colleges that will favorably com})are with the best similar 
institutions of the west, under the charge of christian gentlemen, thor- 
oughly qualified for the duties in charge. 

P^leven churches, representing as many different creeds or lielief, 
all of which are lilierally supported and well attended and under the 
charge of pastors of more than ordinary ability and intelligence. 

More shade and ornaiiental trees, clean and broader streets, and 
more home-like dwellings than any other city of equal population in 
the state. 

Eight or ten fraternal organizations with an aggregate member- 
ship of six or seven hundred loyal, enthusiastic members, whose in- 
tiuence for the uplifting of humanity and the betterment of society is 
duly felt and appreciated. 

More public-spirited, liberal-minded, go-ahead citizens, with few- 
er "old fogy" grumblers and "chronic kickers" than any city of equal 
population in the state. 

More pretty, refined and cultured young ladies, and more polite, 
courteous young gentlemen than can be found among the same num- 
ber of people in any state of the union. 

One of the best mandolin clul)s in North Missouri, whose reputa- 



, nf <«A.,.»s„J ,,^imtf*'t^, MIHK>«| 


s^««MMK«««cMM«^HuMw««'X«'^ ; 

■j«<'' ^ i--isss^ii&s^<£^ssii!LM3i,ii,suSi^:::S'i 


The handsome little boy whose picture appears above is the son of 
S. B. and Mary S. Elliott, of Salisbury, Mo., and was born July 4, 
1892. In a votinof contest to determine the prettiest baby in Chariton 
county, held by the Salisbury Press-Spectator in 1895, Raymond re- 
ceived a plurality of 4,112 votes. 


tion, as musicians, is commensurate with that of the city. The an- 
nouncement that the Salisbury Mandolin Club will furnish music for 
an entertainment, never fails to brin^ a good attendance. 

One of the best electric plants in the state, owned by the city, and 
under the management of a gentleman, thoroughly qualified for the 

Three first-class hotels, with plenty of room, well lighted and 
properly ventilated, where guests sleep in clean beds and eat whole- 
some food. 

Two safe, solid and substantial banks, with large capital and a 
creditable reserve fund, officered by gentlemen of honor and integrity, 
who are courteous and obliging to their patrons and labor unceasing- 
ly for the best interests of the institutions they represent. 

Two as good newspapers as are to be found anywhere, and to 
whose unrelenting energy and zealous labor is due nuich credit for 
the growth and prosperity Salisbury and community has and is now 

A building and loan association that has enjoyed a remarkably 
successful career and which has proven no small factor in the building 
of so many homes in the city, which otherwise would never have 
been erected. 

One of the prettiest parks and artificial lakes to be found, which 
is no small attraction as a pleasure resort to " drive dull care away" 
on a July or August day. 

An amusement park where in season the visitor or citizen can 
secure a comfortable, shady seat for ten cents and witness as good a 
game of ball as is ever put up by amateur teams. Foot races, foot 
ball and various other attractions are often witnessed. 

Six physicians who prescribe pills and cure our ills and otherwise 
administer to the wants of sufiering humanity. Salisburians are just- 
ly proud of their physicians and the excellent reputation they have 

Seven disciples of Blackstone, who are recognized as able repre- 
sentatives of a worthy profession. They are also representative 
citizens who never miss an opportunity to say a good word or do a 
worthy act for the good of their town or county. 

Two as good merchant tailoring establishments as any town of 
the state, conducted by gentlemen who keep thoroughly posted in their 
line and do first-class work at consistent prices. 

One of the finest photograph galleries between St. Louis and Kan- 



.1. E. DAME RON. 



sfts City, owned l)y u o-entlemnn. wlio is not only supplied with all the 
latest improved ap))liances for the execution of tirst-class work, hut 
who is an artist of rare ability in his line and whose i)atronaa"t' is hy 
no means eontined to the city of Salisbury and tributary territory. 

A soda-pop factory that turns out a delicious article which never 
fails to satisfy the most exactino-. 


Three tonsorial estahlisliiiient.s, either of wliich would be a credit 
to many hirofer cities. With })Ientv of room, keen razors and lirst- 
chiss artists, strangers need have no fear alono^ this line. 

A first-class machine shop su])|)lied with the latest and most im- 
proved machinery for the repairina" of eno-ines, l)oilers and machinery 
of all kinds. Jt is owned and o])erated by a o;entleman who is a thor- 
ou_o;h mechanic in every respect, thorouahly ((ualitied to do tirst-class 
work at reasonable prices. 

A cio-ar manufactory, which sends out nothino- but a first-class 
article. Operated by a o^entleman who makes his business a stud^^ 
and has consequently succeeded in not only sup})lyino; the home trade 
but who enjoys a good patronao-e abroad. 

A stock law which prohibits stock from strollin<r the streets at 
will and eatino; the straw stuthna from the farmers' horse collars. 

One of the most accommodatino;, pains-takino; postmasters in 
"Uncle Sam's" employ, who is assisted b}' a gentleman who always 
h:is a pleasant smile and a friendly word for all who come regardless of 
all conditions or positions in life. 

The 8alisl)ury Marble \\'orks is another worthy enterprise of the 
city, operated by a orentleman of energy and strict inteo-rity. 

Two larofe Hourincr mills with a capacit}^ of two hundred and 
fifty barrels of Hour i)er day, and three large elevators are other enter- 
})rises of the city. 

Two livery stables prepared to furnish as nice a turnout as any 
estal)lishment anywhere. In fact, Salisl)ury lays claim to the finest 
livery building between St. Louis and Kansas City. 

The finest lumber yard and hardware establishment to l)e found 
in the state of Missouri is located in this city, a visit to which will 
convince the most skeptical. 

Near the city are two fish ponds and two ice houses large enough 
to supply the town the entire sununer season. 

In Salisbury can be found men representing all callings and pro- 
fessions. No matter whether its a lawyer or doctor, a preacher or a 
school teacher, a dentist or a silversmith, a carpenter or a brick layer, 
a plasterer or a painter, he is here and you may rest assured he is 
all right and ''onto his job."" 

In short, Salisbury's industries are many and of great variety, but 
space forbids our continuing the list futher. No doubt we've failed 
to mention many we intended, but if such is the case the reader may 
rest assured, they are alright and up-to-date. 


g 2 










6 »o 


[M. K. SWKIENEY. Prominent in the social and business cir- 
cles of Chariton county, worthy of mention in this Biographical 
Record, is the subject of this sketch. Chariton county is the 
home of many vigorous, enterj^rising men of strict integrity and 
business activity, but none more justly entitled to the confidence 
reposed in them or the esteem and respect in which they are held by 
their fellow citizens than our subject. Mr. Sweeney was born June 
5, ISHI, hi McDonough county. 111. In 1S7(» his parents removed to 

this state, settling 
tract of land, two 
northwest of 
early age he was 
the importance of 
applied himself in 
At the age of IT 
tended the public 
bury, he was 
cate an<l was em- 
term in his home 
excellent satisfac- 
close of his sc^hool 
ville, taking a ten 
the State Normal 
study and a})})!!- 
ra])id advancc- 
of knowledge. On 
he again enlisted 
professions, that 

upon a beautiful 
and one-half miles 
Salisl)ury. At an 
impressed w i t h 
an education and 
a fitting manner, 
years, having at- 
schools in Salis- 
granted a certifi- 
ployed to teach a 
district, giving 
tion. At the 
he went to Kirks- 
month's course at 
where by close 
cation he made 
ment as a seeker 
returning home 
in that noblest of 
of school teach- 

ing, successfully conducting six sucessive terms. Being favoral)ly im- 
]iressed with the drug business, t)ur subject dismissed aspirations in 
other directions an<l in ISSC) came to Salis])ury for the purpose of 
compounding drugs. AVhen we say that he is now the proprietor of 


one of the best draor stores in the city, a retjistered pharmacist, with 
a generous patronage, the reader can at once appreciate the efforts put 
forth by our subject while layino^ the foundation for his present posi- 
tion. Providence has suiled upon Mr. Sweeney in more ways than one 
during his brief career. On the 22nd day of July 1891, it was his 
good fortune to be united in marriage to Miss Flora Koenig, of Hun- 
ville. Mo,, a most estimable lady. Though live years have passed 
since this union occurred, Mr. and Mrs. Sweeney are still enjoying 
their honey-moon as happy and contented as when the officiation minis- 
ter pronounced them man and wife. Politically, Mr. Sweeney is a 
staunch republican, who's ability and party loyalty ha^'e l)een recog- 
nized and appreciated. He is an honored member of the 1. C). O. F. 
and Knights of Pythias orders, in which societies he has held a num- 
ber of positions of distinction and honor. Religiously, he affiliates 
with the Christian church. Being well educated, experienced in his 
chosen profession, full of energy, enterprise and of popular manners, 
he gives every promise of becoming a sucessful, and a leading business 
man of the county and a useful member to society. 


R. J. F. WELCH. Among the worthy and talented members of 
f\ the Chariton Co. Medical Fraternity who have made an envia- 
ble reputation for honor and exceptional ability, and one of 
Salisbury's most influential, liberal-minded and pu}>lic-spirited citizens, 
who by his attable manner personally connnends himself to all, is the 
gentleman whose name heads this article. Our subject by birth is a 
Missouri product, being born in Monroe county, November 18, 1856. 
His father, a Virginian by birth and a school teacher by occupation, 
though in huml)le circumstances, gave his son the best educational ad- 
vantages afl'orded by the school districts, which was supi)lemented by 
a thorousrh English course at the Kirksville State Normal. Deciding 
to enter a i^-offessional life. Dr. Welch in 1877 l)egan the study of 
medicine under Dr. E. A. Gore, of Paris, Mo., as preceptor. In 1878 
he entered the Missouri Medical College at St, Louis, to Avhich school 
he refers as his aJmn mnter^ graduating with honors in 1880. His 
"shingle'' was first swung in Salisbury in 1880 and with the exception 
of six years ('84 to '90) during which time he practiced at Stoutsville, 
Mo., he has been an exceedingly active practitioner at this place. On 
April 13, 1881 our subject was united in marriage to Miss Lucy Y. 
McNutt, an accomplished and cultured lady of Paris, Mo., by which 



union two children were born, a 
son and a dauo-hter, aofed 10 and 18 

Socially Dr. Welch has tilled 
the chairs of Salisbury Jjodo^e I. (). 
(). F., No 28H, Past Hi^h Priest 
White Stone Royal Arch Chapter, 
No. .57; Past Master Salisbury 
Lod^e, Xo. 20S, A. F. & A. M. 
and is a prominent niemljer of a 
nunil>er of other orsranizations. 
Kealizino; the importance of l)eino- 
thorouo-hly in touch with his pro- 
fession, our subject has identitied 
himself with a number of medical 
societies, in a number of which he 
has held a number of ottices of dis- 
tinction and trust, as follows : Ex- 
President Mf)nroe and Chariton 
Co. Medical Associations, Ex-Vice 

President Mo))erly District Medical Association; Correspondino- 
Secretary North Missouri Medical Association; Member of Missouri 
State Medical Association; Member of American Medical Association, 
and also of Missouri State Pharmaceutical Association. In 1892 he 
attended the New York Post (xraduate school of medicine, from which 
he now holds a certificate. At the present time (1896) he is spending 
the summer visiting the best schools and hospitals of P^urope, located 
at London, Berlin, Vienna and Paris. 

Few men possess the energy, aml)ition and ability which has 
characterized our subject. He is a true and loyal democrat and takes 
an active interest in the wellfare of his party and in all public move- 
ments tending to the inn)rovement and elevation of his fellow-country- 
men. A man of intelligent culture and broad sympathies, progress- 
ive in his ideas and earnest in his efforts for the betterment of mankind 
he is recognized as a substantial citizen and friendly neighbor. 

[ILLIAM A. HOWARD. Some one has said " wise is the 
father who has his son taught a trade, for that is a capital of 
itself." Due to the skill of his own hands does our subject owe 
his success and position in life. He was born at Alton, 111., May 8, 



1S(K), tind spent the earlier part of his life in the pnltlic schools and 
machine shops of that city. A. F. Howard, father of our sii))jectwas 
born at Elizabeth City, (xermany, but came to the United States at 
as^e of 17 years. Learning the trade of a mechanic at Baltimore, he 
located at Alton, 111., securino; em])loyment in the C-hicaaro & A\Um K.K. 
shops, gainino; promotion until he secured the position of master 
mechanic. He is now an extensive affriculturialist of Audrain county. 
Mo., operatino; a tine farm of 1,100 acres. Keachinij; his majority, 
our subject tried railroadins^ for three years, })ut an inherent love for 
the noise and bustle of machinery, caused him to seek another field, 
(xoino- to Chicago he secured employment with one of the l)est electric 
firms of the city, where by close study and application to business, the 

company soon 
ent and placed 
as an expert elec- 
er Mr. Howard 
more hicrative 
Sperry Electric 
com pany h e wen t 
& Houston Elec- 
whom he remain- 
employed l)y the 
Mo., in the con- 
elec trie 1 i g h t 
speakino- of his 
the Press-Specta- 
in its issue of 
"This work was 
com})leted that 
him the manage- 

recog-nized his tal- 
him on the road 
trician. Soon aft- 
was tendered a 
position by the 
Co. From this 
to the Thompson 
trie Co., with 
ed until he was 
city of Salisbury, 
struction of an 
phuit in 1S!)L>. In 
work at Salisbury 
tor, of that city, 
Aug. 2,lS9,5says, 
so satisfactorily 
the city tendered 
mcnl a1 a good 

salary. He started the plant with 27 arc lights and I'.O incjindescents. 
To-day the plant is running over 40 arc lights and ."(O:') incandescents, 
the full cai)acitv of the dynamos, and is a standing monument to the 
enterprise of our city as well as to the mechanical ability and inginui- 
ty of its electrician."' March 151, iss.'), our subject was united in inar- 
riage to Miss Amma Chinn, of Mi;nua, Mo., by which union three 
children were the issue, two daughters, aged It and ."> ycai's and a son, 
aged 7 years. Socially, Mr. Howard is a most ])leasant and acti\(' 
citizen and a prominent n\embcr of the Knights of Pythias and 
I. (). (). F. orders. ReligiousU', he is a devout Methodist. 




fLLIAM W. KILEV. Amoncr the business men of Salisbury, 
held in hioh esteem for their ability and inteofrity, and who 
have contributed very materially to the welfare of the city is 
the trentleman whose name heads this sketch. He was born Auofust 14, 
1S47, at Huntsville, Mo., his ])arents beinof John F. and Elizabeth 
(Patton) Riley, natives of Ind. and Tenn. After attendino^ the district 
schools, our subject com])leted his education at the old Mt. Pleasant 
Colleo-e, of Huntsville. Mo., at that time one of the most popular in- 
stitutions of the state. Tpon attainino^ a suitable ao^e he chose the 
callinor of a contractor and builder as his life occupation and on Octo- 
l)er 1, 1866, he entered an apprenticeship under the well known 
mechanic, C. (x. Anderson, of Huntsville, Mo. Servino^ a regular 
apprenticeship he branched out for himself, locatinof at Jacksoville, 
Mo. It was at this place that he met and >)ecame enamored with Miss 
Sarah J., daughter of James B. and America Herndon, with whom he 
was united in marriage, April 1, 1869. Mrs. Eiley's parents were 
natives of Kentucky, but emigrated to Missouri at a very early day. 
Mr. and Mrs. Riley are the parents of six children, live of wdiom are 



now living, namely, E(lo;{ir N., 
Cella May, Lela A., Hardy M., 
and M^m. H. Edcrar N. was mar- 
ried to Miss Maofgie Morehead, of 
Whiteright, Tex., in which state he 
now" resides, engaged as instructor 
of band music. Cella May was 
married to Clarence B., son of 
Judge J. B. Hyde of Salisbury, 
Mo. and now engaged in the druo' 
business in Ladonia, Texas. The 
others are yet single and at home. 
Desiring a larger field for the 
prosecution of his occupation our 
subject removed from Jacksonville 
to Himtsville where he remained 
and |)rotitably worked at his pro- 
fession until March 2i>, 18S0, when 
he removed to Salisbury, Mo., ac- 
cepting a position with the well known lumberman, T. G. Dulany, 
with whom he remained for seven years. During that time Mr. Kiley 
did not fail to keej) himself thoroughly posted u})()n all the changes 
and improvements in modern architecture and since 1888 has been rec- 
ognized as the leading contractor and builder of Chariton county, 
having erected man}^ of the finest buildings })ut up in the county, 
lieing enterprising, relial)Ie and conscientious in everything he under- 
takes, he has secured the confidence of the ])ublic to a marked degree, 
a confidence which his proficiency and integrity have made him the 
just recipient. 

August 28, 1868, our subject connected himself with Kandolph 
Lodge No. 23, I. (). (). F., of Huntsville, Mo., in which order he has 
been an influential and prominent worker, a numl>er of times having 
been Grand Representative to the Grand Lodge of Missouri; also. 
District Deputy. In 1882, he moved his membership to Salisbury 
Lodge, No. 28(), of which he was elected Secretary, a position he yet 
holds, having been re-elected five times. He is also D. D. G. Master, 
No. 9,5 and Representative to State Grand Lodge. He is a member of 
Huntsville Encampment No. 66, I. (). O. F. located at Himtsville, Mo., 
in which he is a P. C. P. and Past Representative; also a meml)er of 
Salisbury Tent, No. 78, K. O. T. M., of which he has ])een Record 



Keeper since its oroanization. Of this organization Mr. Rile>^ is 1st 
M. of (t. of the State of Missouri. 

Politically, Mr Hiley is a staunch democrat and a stronoj advocate 
of his party's principles. Officially, he is a prominent and influential 
nieml)er of the C'it}^ Oonucil and an earnest worker for the interest of 
his city. Socially, Mr. Riley posesses a irenial disposition and is an 
entertainino- companion, always true to his convictions in what he con- 
siders rio-ht, reofardless of the opinion of others. 

►HOMAS K. HAMILTON. Few youn.o- men of Chariton county 
deserve greater credit for what they have accomplished for 
themselves in the social and business world than the subject of 
this sketch. Mr. Hamilton is a true exami^le of what can Ije accom- 
plished when the spirit of determination is exercised in connection with 
the art'airs of every-day life. His reputation for honesty and integrity 
has been weighed in the l>alance and found not wanting; his financial 

al)ility, when tested has always re- 
sulted with credit to himself, while 
his social (jualities are well known 
and appreciated, possessing a host 
of friends, whose esteem and con- 
fidence he was never known to be- 
tray. He was born in Linn coun- 
ty, September 4, 1S5T, being the 
fourth of seven children of J. M. 
and Elizabeth Hamilton, who 
moved from Linn to Chariton 
county in iSli;"), locating upon a 
fine farm of "JOi) acres, 4 miles 
south of Salisbury, where Mr. 
Hamilton yet resides. In 1872 
the mother of our subject died, 
sometime after which the father 
was united in marriage to Mrs. 
Harriet C. Banning, of Chariton county. Being born and reared upon 
the farm, our subject was trained to agricultural duties and his career 
has been one of honest and continued toil. Attending the district 
schools in winter an(i improving his opyjortunities of evenings, he was 
not slow in preparing himself sufficiently well to successfully stem 



,, ,.,•.,, ,„ Beinor a foml reader, Mr. llauultc.n took 

the current ot lite s battlfc. '^ , , , . ^ , k;..,^^h: 

, . ^ . • r^- ^d made it a business to keep liiniselt 

an early interest in politics a . , , x ■ i v i -4^ u^ ..+;n 

^, \, ^ , * ,. ..les of the day, winch habit he still 

thorouo-hly posted upon the is; , , , • . -4^1 t-u^ ,i^,.,<. 

. , r -^i" v.. ionably beino- cast with the denio- 

maintains, his syniimhies unciuesu. ■ „ 1 • 1 • ^ ,.u,- 

T . • .. M)n alter reachino- his nuijoritN , 

cratic party. Jn secret organizations, si., . „ ., .'at • k; i, 

' . . . '' A. r . *x. A. iVi., m \\ lucii 

Mr. Hamilton connected himself with tho..'. ^ \ u .ki^. 

, , . • 1 . . .• . . ri»i to make a suital)le 

order his quick and retentive memory enabled . , ,, in 4^1^^ 

. , ,. , •' ... ssed throuo;;h all the 

prohciency in the precedino- (lecrrees until he i)a , n- 4-- ij;,..u 
'■ . •" , . ' . , . , , , , *ved othce of Hi,i>h 

mysterious workino-s of this oruiid order to the horn. 

unilton is serv- 

Priest in tlie Royal Arch Chapter. At present Mr. H, .o,u o-jyiuo- 

ino- as ])ostmaster of Salisbury, Mo., his appointment ii. lifl 1 in 

unanimous satisfaction. On November 20, 1SH4, he wa , - )rthv 

marriage to Miss Cora Bannino-, one of Chariton county's n. „.,iifies 

and cultured ladies, whose many excellent \iitiiesand social , .,,1 

. ... .'ids anil 

are recoo-nized and ai)preciated by a large circle of frie. 
acquaintances throughout the county. 

'EFFP:RS0N D. HKUMMALL, M. I). Among the iiiaii.v,{|^^! 

fessions worthy of the aiipreciative consideration of the 1; . • ., 

... . ■iiion 

none occupy a higher or more honored position in the cstim -, 

of the American people, than that of the j)hy.sician. Jn ^'''<"i 4ij;j^ 

county may be found quite a number of worthy representatives of 

profession, amono: whom n^ ., 

I occu|)y a more exalted posit- 

or enjoy a moic lucrative practii 

than the subject of this skett- 

Dr. Brummall was born in Chaii 

ton county, April .">, 18()1. Spen,^ , 

ing his boyhood u])on his fatheii 

farm, ins ()p])ortunities for stu- \ 

were primarily in the distr 1 

school, but later enjoyed the a^ 

vantage of a higfh school course +• 
'^ '^ 1 01 

Salisbury under the tutorship 1 

Prof. (). Koot, a very able r 1 

prominent educator. Having ^ 

cided to enter the medical pro,.^,. • 

sion as a life occupation, in 1,- .1 

' tical 

he entered the Missouri Me('i 

College, of St. Louis, from w 



he graduated in 1882 with the deoree of M. D. Returnincr home he 
hnuor out his shingle in Salisbury, Mo., from which time he has enjoy- 
ed a large and increased clientage. Always being enthusiastic in his 
profession and ambitious to master every branch of the healing art, he 
has taken a number of special courses in surgery and medicine, among 
others lieing a post graduate course in the N. Y. City Polytechnic 
Institute in 18i)2, and the St. Louis Post Graduate School of Medicine 
in 1896. While he has never failed to give his undivided attention to 
his profession, our subject has other interests, l)eing senior partner of 
the firm of Dr. J. D. Brummall & Bro., proprietors of one of the 
finest drug esta))lishments of the county, as well as other financial in- 
terests. On Dec. 1, 1892, he was united in marriage to Miss Alice, 
daughter of Judge J. B. Hyde, of Salisbury, an intellectual and cult- 
ured lady, who has borne him one child, a bright little son, named 

Fraternally, Dr. Brumniali is a worthy and enthusiastic member 
of Salisbury Lodge A. F. &A. M.; White Stone Koyal Arch Chapter, 
No. 57, and Knight Templar; also, a member of Salisbury Lodge, No. 
23(i, I. O. O. F.; Cloudine Lodge, No. lTi», Knights of Pythias, and 
Knights of the Maccabees, in all or most of which orders he has held 
many offices of honor and trust. Professionally he is a member of the 
County, North Mo. District, and State Medical Associations; also, of 
the Mississippi and American Medical Association, and holds a life 
memJiershii) in the State Pharmaceutical Association. 

Politically, he supi)orts the jirinciples of the democratic party, 
ever ready to contribute his aid in the advancement of those measures 
he believes to ])e right and just. Socially, he is a pleasant and agree- 
ah\e gentleman, a man of u|)right character, highly respected and 
esteemed by a large circle of acquaintances, while religiously he is an 
earnest and consistent member of the C. P. Church. 

ILTON K. WILLIAMS. A descendant from a worthy ancestry, 
who were among the earliest pioneer settlers of Chariton 
county. Mo., our subject is a man with many friends, who 
admire him for his excellent qualities and appreciate his zeal, 
energy, industry and intelligence. Edward Williams, grandfather 
of our subject, was of AVelch descent and among the earliest settlers 
of Kentucky; a soldier in the Revolutionary war and messmate of 
Wm. Washington. As early as 1819, he emigrated to Missouri, set- 



tlino- in Howard coiintv. Thomas Williams, father of our suhject was 
horn in Madison coimty Kentucky, in ISOO and with his })arents emi- 
crrated to this state, the trip heino- made by team and waaon. The 
mother of our subject, whose maiden name was Susan Wasson and of 
Irish decent, was also a native of Madison county, Ky., but Avith her 
parents emifjrated to Missouri as early of ISIO, settlino- in Howard 
county. The marriaije of our sid)ject\s parents occurred in this state, 
and in ISol), they settled in Salisbury township, about 3 miles south- 
east of Salisbury. Four children were the result of this union, only 
two of whom are now livino^, Edward, who resides in Salisbui'y, and 
our subject. 

M. K. Williams, was born at Bluff Port, Howard county. Mo., 
Jan. 2?), 1S8T, but since 1839 has resided in this township. Spendino- 
his boyhood days on the farm, amid the pioneer civilization his educa- 
tional advantaii-es were necessarily limited. However, in 1S51> he 
attended Duff's Business College at Pittsburo-, Pa., from which he 
jjraduated with becoming- honors. From that date to this he has )>een 
an active and influential citizen, thor()uo;hly identified with the o:rowth 
and proofress of the county and state, and has held various official 
positions, to the duties of which he has given the prompt considera- 


tion and the faithful service denianded. On ()ct()])er 2, 1866, occurred 
the niarria_tfe of our suhjcct to Miss Frances K. Williams, a most 
amiable and intellitrent lady. A record of his life vvoidd he incom- 
plete without mention of her who has assisted and encouraged him in 
days less jjropitious. Mrs. Williams was the dauofhter of Samuel and 
Martha Williams, also natives of Ky., and pioneer settlers of Mo. 
Mrs. Williams is a consistent and devoted member of the Cumlierland 
Presbyterian cHiurch and an honored member of the Rebekah Lodofe. 
Samuel, her father, was 16 years of ao;e when he came to this state, 
locatino- in Chariton (U)unty in ISIl""), where he owned and operated 
a tine farm of ()<>() acres until his death in 1860, at the asre of .5.5 years. 
Martha (Morris) Williams was born in Jessamine county, Kentucky, 
in IS 1 1, came to Howard county, Missouri, with her i)arents in 1818 
and to Salisbury townshi}) in is:^)^. She was the mother of 15 children, 
seven of whom are now livintj;. The tjood old mother now in her 85th 
year yet survives and receives the care and attention whi<^h she well 
deserves from her sons and dauofhters. (A more extended notice of 
whom may be found elsewhere. ) Prior to 1877, oui- subject in addi- 
tion to other interests, successfully oj)erated a tine farm near town. 
To him belonofs the (credit of startino; the '■'S})ectator'"' about 1S8(), 
which he sold to J. M. (iallemore, when it was c(msolidated with 
the •' Press," since known as the '' Press-Spectator." In 18!>2, Mr. 
^^'illiams was chosen as Re})resentative of Chariton county to the 
State Leofislature, and to whose skill, influence and patriotic loyalty 
beloni^s nuich credit for the establishment of two terms of the circuit 
court in Salisbury. The tjreater portion of Mi', \^'illialns' time of 
recent years has been spent in the real estate business, in whi(;h he 
has made a pronounced success. He is a charter member of encamp- 
ment No. S4, I. (). (). F., at Moberly; also, a charter member of 
Salisbury Lodo;e, Xo. 21)6, I. (). (). F. Politically, he is a staunch 
<leniocrat whose party loyalty and Hdelity to the i)rinciples advocated 
has never been (juestioned. Socially, he is one of Salisbury's most 
friendly and aofreeable citizens, a pleasant companion and a orifted 
conversationalist, and from whose appearance it is difticult to remember 
that he is the father of three sons, namely, Edward M. Jr., ao^ed 28, 
now en^ao^ed as local editor of the '' Democrat" of the city of Salis- 
bury, and a writer of re(H)iJfnized talent and ability; C. Clay, a^ed 24, 
one of the })ublishers of this Portrait and P)iotrra})hical Record, whose 
ability as practical ])rinter is herein demonstrated and Thomas, ajjed 
12 years. 




^|JLEXANDER W. JOHN8(3N. The leoral profession of Chariton 
^l^fi!| county is one of which we have just cause to feel proud, and 
amono; the worthy members of the local l)ar, none rank hio;her 
than our subject. Mr. Johnson was born Sept. 1, 184:8, in Audrain 
county, Missouri, and was a son of Henry Johnson, a native of \"ir- 
ginia, who moved from that state to Ohio in 18-12, where he met and 
married iCdmonia J. Anderson, the mother of our subject, and with 
whom he removed to this state in 1845, engaging in farming in 
Audrain county, where he resided until his death. May 28, 1858, at 
the age of 53 years. Six childern were the issue of this union, four 
sons and two daughters, of whom our subject was the second. Due to 
the youth of our subject at the time of his father's death, he gained 
very little knowledge of the life of his grandfather, Wm. L. Johnson, 
other than he was a native of Virginia, of Scotch-Irish descent and 
lived and died there. The mother of our sul)ject was of Welch-Irish 
descent and daughter of Spencer B. and Nancy (Trailor) Anderson, also 
natives of Virginia. She lived to reach the age of three-score and ten, 
and died March 13, 1893. 



Beinor born and reared upon the farm, the elementary education 
of our suliject, was obtained from the common district schools of the 
state. In 1870, he beoan school teaching as a means of a livelihood, 
which he continued for seven years with emminent success. At the 
age of 24, having determined to become a lawyer, he began devoting 
his time to that fascinating study, lieing admitted to the bar three 
years later by Judge John Kedd, in 187.5. The first live years of our 
subject's professional life was spent near Paris, Monroe county. Mo. 
Desiring a larger field, in 1880 he located in Salisbury, Mo., where he 
has succeeded in building up a very large and lucrative clientage. As 
an attorney he is able and talented. He has made his profession his 
life's study and is one of the best posted men on legal matters in the 


On .January 1, 1871, Mr. Johnson was united in marriage to Miss 

Mary E. David- 
lent and cultured 
son was born at 
county Mo., Jan. 
the statement of 
^' e n e r a b I e old 
at the age of 90 
near rehitive of 
( M a r k Twain. ) 
the distinguished 
been born in the 
celeljr ated hu- 
Mrs. ffohnson 
with four chil- 
Martha D. a n d 

son, a most excel- 
lady. Mrs. John- 
Florida, Monroe 
13, 1854. Upon 
Mrs. Quarles, a 
lady now living 
years and a very 
8. L. Clements 
Mrs. Johnson has 
honor of having 
same house as the 
morist. Mr. and 
have been blessed 
dren, n a m e I y , 
Robert C, who 

died in infancy and Miss Brunnetta and Allie K., two bright and intel- 
lectual young hidies, respectively 22 and 20 years of age, who are 
single and reside at home. Religiously, Mr. .Johnson connected him- 
self with the Christian church when only 21 years of age and to-day 
is and active, consistent and influential member. Socially, he is a man 
of sterling qualities and possesses a genial, social nature. He is an 
honored member of the A.O.U. W., in which order he has been officially 
honored. Politically, he has always been an enthusiastic democrat, 
whose ancestors loyally supported the same principles so ably advoca- 
ted by him. Mr. Johnson, however, has never expressed a desire for 
official recognition as a reward for his faithful service to his party. 




JOHN E. DISMUKES, the sub- 
ject of this sketch was ))orn in 
Cxarrard county, Ky., July 8, 
1843. Mr. Dismukes was partly ed- 
ucated in the city of Lexington, of 
that state. In 1868, at the age of 25 
years, he came to Missouri, locating 
in Howard county, where he occu- 
pied his time in farming, and teach- 
ing in the public schools during the 
winter season for seven years. In 
the fall of 18T() our subject came to 
Salisbury, and engaged in the print- 
ing l)usiness, and has folknved it ever 
* since. His tirst position in this city 

was on the " Salisbury Press, '" in its infancy, where he remained till 
1883, when he purchased a half interest in the publication, which was 
run under the tirm name of Disnuikes & Gallemore. Four years later 
he sold his interest to his partner and purchased a half interest in the 
" Democrat," which paper he now owns and is successfully running. 
Our subject is the father of four children, J. W., the elder, was born 
in Howard county, August 22, 1869, and is a printer l)y trade, and 
one of the most artistic workmen in this section, and resides in Salis- 
bury. The next is Claude O., who was born in Salisbury, Fel)ruary, 
13, 1882, and is now attending the public school. The next is Jennie 
May, who was born in Salisbury, July 20, 1886, and the last is the 
baby, Jessie Lorene, who was born in Salisbury, March 19, 1894. 

Mr. Dismukes is a member of the I. O. O. F., and A. O. U. W. 
secret societies, and is a consistent and influential member of the 
Christian church. It may be well known from the place of his birth 
that he is a staunch supporter of the democratic party and its 



iii|i}i|MONG the public-spirited citizens whose intelligence and enter- 
ji^w^l prize have brought influence and prosperity to Salisbury, not one 
has been more loyal to the interests of his town, nor more wil- 
ling to sink personal preference or advantage in her favor, than the 
gentleman whose placid physiognomy appears in connection with this 

Mr. Wilhite's usefulness as a citizen, and success as a business 



mail, indicate that he has inherited, 
in no small deo-ree, the couia^e, 
enerofy and personal mau'iietism of 
his grandfather, Rev. Fieldino- 
Wilhite, a l>ai)ti-^t minister of 
l)ioneer fame, an<l the intellisenee 
of his father, Dr. W. I). Wilhite, 
so long and favora])lv' known in 
this city as a physician and chris- 
tian gentleman. 

As Mr. Wilhite's matrimonial 
fortnne is already made, he makes 
no secret of the fact that his eyes 
first opened on the scenes of Boone 
county, August (5, 1SH(). 

When one year old, he foresluKlowed his present excellent judg- 
ment in l)usiness matters by taking up his residence in Salisbury. 

After completing in a very creditable manner the course of the 
public schools here, he spent two years, 1882-:^, in William Jewel 

After leaving college he was a telegraph operator for two years, 
and was connected with the post-office for four years. In the latter 
position he had the opportunity, not only of serving the pul)lic, but 
by his efficiency, perfect faithfulness and uniform courtesy, of winning 
a degree of public favor and contidence that w^as invaluable in laying 
the foundation for his present business. 

About nine years ago, Mr. Wilhite began an insurance business 
here, which has grown constantly from its very beginning. Two 
years ago he widened the field of his operations, by establishing a gen- 
eral Real Estate, Loan and Insurance Agency. The prosperity this 
business has enjoyed is highly complimentary to the industry and 
ability with which it has been conducted. Its success, however, is not 
entirely due to his aljility and industry. One of its prime factors 
is the universal confidence in his integrity, as well as his judgment. 
Everybody believes in Hollis Wilhite, and those who seek his advice 
in financial matters are not few. In all that concerns Salisbury's real 
interests — business, social, religious, humane — his influence is no small 
factor. The only time on record when he deliberately and premedi- 
tatedly got the better of anybody in a contract was when he married 
Miss Kate E. Spencer, of Marshall, Mo., October 11, 1887. 



His office adjoininor the "Press-Spectator" office is one of the 
handsomest and most commodious in the city, and his friends and pat- 
rons always find a most comfortable welcome in his easy chairs. 

l| ijROF. JOHN W. LOCKHART. Chariton county is no less proud 
''^ '^' of her worthy sons of adoption than of those who are native 
born. The strono; characters and accom})lished intellects and en- 
noblino; spirits that come into her borders are welcomed as the leaven 
of culture and rehnement for the elevation of society. Prof. John W. 
Lockhart lias found it thus. His stronor qualities of mind and heart 
were readily recognized, and his name has come to be esteemed and 
honored in this county. He came to Salisl»ury in 1S!»2 to take charg-e 

of Latin, Mathematics, and Phys- 
1 "'t - y^lifjsw^^^^ ical Sciences in the North Missouri 

: Institute. He has for 4 years oc- 

cupied this position with signal 
success and ability, havino^ con- 
tributed in a laro-e measure to the 
oTowth and hitjh reputation of 
this institution. He is a man of 
scholarly attainments. His whole 
life has been devoted 'to scholar- 
ship and mind culture, foliowino- 
in this the footsteps of his talented 
father, who was and is one of the 
successful educators in the state of 
Alabama, and a prominent minis- 
ter of the M. E. Church, South. 

Prof. Lockhart was born Feb- 
ruary .5, 18(5-}-, in Lee county Ala. 
His early years were spent in 
securino- an education, under the 
direction of his father. In LS84 he completed the full course in the 
Alabama Polytechnic Institute, and distiniruished himself by bearino- 
otf lirst honors and the deffree of A. I). Later he was further honored 
1)V this institution, in receivino- the desfree of A. M. Since (luittina* 
colk'oe life as pu})il, lie has made an excellent record in i-olk'^e life as 
teaciier ; nd professor. Before comino- tc) Salisbury he had occu}iie(l 
leadinof positions in several institutions in Ala))ama and (reoroia. He 



has siiccessfnlly tauofht ancient lanofuao-es, mathematics, and the 
sciences, but his special and most conspicuous work is Latin. It is no 
idle boast to say he is a thorouo;h master of the Latin lano-na^e. He 
l)eo^an its study at the early nge of ten, and charms of the old lano;uao-e 
never grow less to him. Fortunate indeed the c()lleo;e, and happy the 
student that have the benefit of his instruction in Latin. P)nt not 
only as an instructor is Prof. Lockhart valued. He is a model citizen 
as well. He is whole-souled, he is aentle, he is true. The boys in 
school love him for his willing; assistance and sympathy. His friends 
in society love him for his manly purity, and his forcfetfuiness 
of self in his thought for others. He has an eye that is quick 
to appreciate, and a courage that is bold to defend every movement for 
the public good. 

JAAH^S H. P. BAKER, M. 1)., one of Chariton's most prominent 
and talented physicians and surgeons, and a cultured and coiu'te- 
ous gentleman, w^as born in Johnson Co., Mo., Feb. 18, 1837. AV. 
C. Baker, his father, a native of Virginia and of English descent, was 
among the pioneer settlers of the state locating in Johnson county in 
1881, where he engaged in agriculture until his death in June, 1861. 
Peter Baker, grandfather of our subject, was a Virginian by Itirth, 

^-^^^ and an active [)articipant in the In- 
dian war and later in the war of 
181:^. He was an early settler of 
Tennessee, but after his son came to 
this state, he emigrated here, and 
lived to be nearly one hundred years 
old. Nancy (McClinnis) leaker, 
mother of our sui)ject and a native 
of Tennessee, was the daughter of 
flohn McCiinnis, a Protestant Or- 
angeman of Ireland, who upon com- 
ing to America, located in Tennessee 
wheie he resided until his death. 
Mrs. Baker was the mother of six 
children, three boys and three girls, 
foiu" of whom are now living. Her 
death occurred in 1868. 

Though his boyhood days were 
si)ent u[)on the farm, our subject en- 

W^.i:.:; ^;^m - {^! : ^M.;:-;:.^^^ 


joyed excellent school advantages, tinishino; his literary education at 
William Jewel College, Liberty, Mo., in 1860. Having chosen the 
practice of medicine as his life's occupation, our subject l)egan its study, 
reading under Drs. Dobbins & Goodwin, of Columbus, Johnson coun- 
ty, for several months, when he entered the 8t. Louis Medical College. 
In brief time he left college to join the Missouri State Militia under 
Jackson, in the late war. At the close he located in Salt Springs 
township, Randolph county, now known as Clifton Hill. Being unable, 
financially, to continue his medical studies, he practiced until "67, 
when he entered the Rush Medical College at Chicago, from which he 
gi'aduated in '68 with his degree of Doctor of Medicine. Returning to 
Clifton Hill, he resumed his practice, which rapidly increased until 
1891, when he removed to Salisbury, Mo., since which time he has en- 
joyed a large and lucrative clientage. During his residence in Clifton 
Hill, Dr. Baker for eight years conducted a drug store, enjoying a 
satisfactory [)atronage, and also accpiired and improved a tine farm of 
250 acres near that town, which he operated with good results. On 
July 25, 1865, our sul)ject was united in marriage to Miss -Jennie W . 
Henderson, a worthy and exemplary lady and daughter of ,1. H. Hen- 
derson, a native of Virginia and an early settler of Missouri. This 
union was blessed with four children, namely, Arthur G., ,Jennie B., 
(now Mrs. Dr. H. D. P)r()a<ldus, of Gallatin, Mo.,) Wilfred L. and 
Mary W. 

Socially, Dr. Baker is a member of the A. (). U. W., of which he 
is Past Master Workman; also, a Past Master of the A. F. <Sc A. M., 
and a Select Knight. Professitmally, he is a member and ex-President 
of the Chariton Co. Med. Society, ex-President and Corresponding 
Secretary of the Moberly District Medical Society, Chairman of Exec- 
utive committee of the North Missouri Medical Association, ex-Pres- 
ident of the Randolph Medical Association, \'isiting Member of the 
K. C. Medical Association, Tri-State Medical Association, National 
Railway Surgeons Association, \^'estern Society of Eye, Ear, Throat 
and Nose Surgeons, Local K. R. Surgeon for the western division of 
the Wabash R. R. and ex-Surgeon C. & A., ex-C'hief Surgeon of (ien- 
eral Hospital and Division Surgeon for Shelby's Hospital, Clarks\ille, 
Texas. Besides his degree the Doctor took a J-*ost-( i raduate Course in 
1898 in the New York Polyclinic Hospital, and intends to take 
another course in the near future. Dr. Baker is Examiner for the 
Independent Order of Forresters, New York Life, Pennsylvania Mut- 
ual, Covenant Mutual and Nedderland Life Insurance CVnnpanies; 



also, President Salisl)nrv Board of Health. 

"The career of our subject has been successful because he is evi- 
dently one of those fortunate physicians who are born not made. Very 
often his best medicine has lieen his j)resence, and many are the fam- 
ilies in his lonff experience who have intrusted their troubles of mind 
as well as bodilv ills to his tender care." 

j^|^|LP)ERT F. MOREDOCK, a o-entleman of unquestionable honor 
pjf|| and strict inteo'rity, and one of Salisbury's (Mo.) most worthy, 
citizens was born in Breckenrido-e Co., Ky., May 1, 1855. Three 
years later with his parents, Henry and Elizabeth (Haynes) Moredock, 
he came to this state, locating- in Monroe county. Havino; finished the 
course of the district schools, our subject from 1871 to '74 attended 
William Jewel Colletre, of Liberty, Mo. On returnino- home he 
received the appointment of Deputy Circuit Clerk and Recorder of 




Monroe county, which position he 

acceptabl}^ tilled for four years. 

It was in the fall of 1ST8 that our 

subject located in this city, where 

he has ever since resided and to 

whose enterprise and patriotic 

spirit is due much credit for the 

o;rowth and prosperity' of the city. 

His tirst business venture in Salis- 

liury was a ;crrocery establishment 

which he afterwards sold to Dr. 

^y. I). Wilhite (now deceased) & 

Son, J. M. For seven years he 

had charofe of the books of CMark 

& Taylor, one of the best known 

firms of the city. In 188-3 Mr. Moredock in company with A. Straub, 

deceased, si)ent several months in various countries of Europe, the- 

object of their trip lieinof for pleasure and health. 

On the 19th of February 1885 occurred the marria_o;e of our sub- 
ject to Miss Gussie, an intellectual and accomplished dausfhter of Mr. 
and Mrs. John W. Reddino-, who were numbered amonof the earliest 
settlers of Salisburv, Mr. R. beina; enofas^ed in the mercantile business. 
His death occurred in this city. 

The happy home of Mr. and Mrs. A. F. Moredock has l)een 
blessed by the advent of three brig-ht and interestino; children, namely, 
Harry, Lizzie and Albert, aofed respectively, 10, 8 and 5 years. Their 
handsome residence is one of the nicest in the city and the center of 
attraction of a host of friends. In his political belief Mr. Moredock is 
a democrat, loyal to every i)rinci})le of his party, and while he has 
never souo"ht official recognition, he keeps himself thorouofhly posted 
upon all state and national issues. Religiously, he affiliates with the 
members of the Bai)tist church. As a business man of undoubted in- 
teo-rity of character and a ])ublic-spirited citizen ussistina' in the 
ofi-owth of his home and county and the advancement of its social and 
religious enterprises, our sul)jcct has won and justly holds the hio-h 
reo^ard of the general ])ublic. 

Mr. Morcdock's residence as shown in this article is a beautiful 
piece of modern architecture and is picturesquely located in the south- 
ern part of the city, where a fine view is afforded of the surroundino; 



fAMUEL B. ELLIOTT, the subject of this sketch, and one of 
Salisbury's energ-etic, prominent and most enterprising citizens, 
was born in Andrew county. Mo., August 7, 1863, and with his 
parents removed to this county in 1871, locating upon what has since 
been known as the old Elliott homestead, just north of Salisbury. His 
boyhood was spent upon the farm, engaged in the usual occupations 
of farmer lads, his winters being spent attending the conmon district 
schools, until 18 years of age, when he took a two year's course at the 
Kirksville State Normal. On returning home Mr. Elliott taught a 
two year's term of school at Prairie Valley, his own district. His 
next move was the completion of a course at the Gem City Business 
College, of Quincy, 111. Imbued with the spirit expressed by Horace 
Greely, for young men to go west and grow up with the country, Mr. 
Elliott, after completing the above course, spent several years in the 
west, daring which time he performed the duties of deputy postmaster 
at Concordia, Kan. Eailing to lind a more desirable location, he re- 
turned to this county and engaged in stock raising and agriculture 
in which he was eminently successful. January 1, 1890, it was the 
o;ood fortune of Mr. Elliott to be 
united in marriage to Miss Mary [ 
Dameron, one of Chariton county's 

most worthy and amiable ladies, -^^ 

and the daughter of Judge and Mrs. v 

G. G. Dameron, one of the oldest 
and most respected families of the 
county. By this union, one child 
was born, Raymond C, the bright 
little boy whose portrait appears 
elsewhere. Tiring of farin life, 
Mr. Elliott, disposed of his line 
farm of 160 acres in 1893, and 
moving to Salisbury, purchasing 
the large 2nd street livery estab- 
lishment which he has since proti- 
ably operated. 

• Socially, our subject is one of 
the most pleasant and friendly citizen of the county, and being a man 
of high intelligence and integrity, has a futnre of influence and useful- 
ness before him. He is a prominent member of the I. (). (). E., in 



which he has been honored with many of the offices of distinction and 
trust, While he enjoys a hicrative business and is happy in his domes- 
tic relations, Mr. Elliott does not forget the duty he owes to his country, 
politically, and consequently keeps himself thoroughly posted on all 
state and national issues, supporting the principles of the democracy 
as instilled in the minds of the American people by that great states- 
man, Thomas Jeti'erson. 

[aRTHA (MOKRIS) AVILLIAM8. Among the many venera- 
ble old ladies, who were pioneer settlers of Chariton county 
Mo. yet spared to recite many interesting incidents connected 
with the early settlement of this county, there are none, perhaps more 
worthy of special mention in this Portrait and Biographical Record of 
the county in which she has resided for over three score years, than 
the subject of this sketch, whose pleasant and contented physiognomy 
adorns this page. Mrs. Williams was born March 1, 1811, in Jessa- 
mine county, Kentucky, and was the daughter of Nathaniel and Nancy 

Morris, who emigrated to Missouri 


in 1818, settling in Howard county. 
Upon attaining her majority, our 
subject was united in marriage to 
Samuel Williams, a son of Edward 
Williams, a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary War, and a pioneer settler 
of two states, who located in this 
state in 1819. The union of Sam- 
uel Williams and that of our ven- 
erable subject proved to be a long 
and happy one, and was blessed 
with tifteen children, nine of 
whom lived to be married, as fol- 
lows: Nancy J., now Mrs. Calli- 
son; George W.; Sarah, Mrs. 
Wright; Edward M.; Pauline, 
Mrs. Banning; Susan, Mrs. Dysart; 
Ellen, Mrs. Williams; Josephine, 
Mrs. Donaldson; and Minnie, Mrs. Copeland. With the exception of 
Mrs. Dysart, now of West Plains, and Mesdames Banning and Donald- 
son, deceased, they all reside in Salisbury township and within a few 
miles of their kind and loving old mother, a pleasure and a comfort to 



her in her now rapidly declining years. With her husband, Mrs. 
Williams located in Salisbury township, between the East and Middle 
Forks of the Chariton River, in 1837, where our subject yet resides, 
her husband havinor died in 1860. Notwithstanding the fact that 
"Aunt Patsy" as she is familiarly known by all is in her 86th year, 
she enjoys the best of health and an activity, mentally and physically, 
remarkable in one so well advanced in years. Her recollections of 
pioneer days of Chariton county are now as fresh and distinct as occur- 
rences of but yesterday and are related in a very happy and entertain- 
inor manner. In speaking of her neighbors of the 'SCs and 'IrO's, the 
names of many of whom she can easily recall, Mrs. Williams says 
there existed much true-hearted hospitality among them and although 
deprived of the comforts and luxuries of to-day, their pioneer days 
were happy ones and even now in the quietude of her home, surrounded 
by every comfort and convenience she could wish, she frequently lingers 
in thought, longingly and lovingly, over the scenes of those by-gone 
happy days. 

The first "temple of learning" erected in Mrs. Williams' neigh- 
borhood was a log hut, with a huge artistic (i) chimney, built of mud 
and sticks and was taught by one John P. McAdams. Mount Nebo 
was the first church erected and was built by the Baptist. Elder 
Felix Redding was the pastor in charge. Dr. James Brummall was 
the first physician in the neighborhood, who on visiting his patients 
traveled on foot, when the distance would permit. Mrs. Williams' 
relation of performances of one David Gross, a fiddler of no mein 
ability, are truly interesting and amusing indeed. 

Standing in her cabin door, Mrs. Williams has often counted from 
15 to 20 deer, some of them being in range of gunshot, while at night 
wolves would come to the open door and with their glistening eyes and 
their hungry wolfish faces and hideous barking at the bright blaze 
upon the rude and simple hearth, make some nights almost unbearable. 

EVI J. HARRIS, a school teacher of recognized talent and 
ability and a gentleman of true worth and sterling integrity, was 
born October 22, 1870, one-half mile south of Salisbury, Mo. 
His father, Oscar D. Harris, was born in Howard county, but moved 
to Chariton county when quite young. His death occurred January 
28, 1895. His mother, whose maiden name was Phoebe C. Warhurst, 
still resides upon the family homestead, 4 miles southeast of the city 



of Salisbury, Mo. To the subject of 
this sketch lielons^s the credit for the 
position he now enjoys in business 
and social relations, for it was throuo;h 
his own industry and perseverance 
that he has been enable to crain what- 
ever knowledge and influence he 
may possess. After attending the 
public schools, Mr. Harris finished 
his education at the Salisbury Acade- 
1113^ under the tutorship of Prof. G. C. 
Briggs. Since then he spent his time 
in that nol)lest of professions, school 
teaching in which he has been emi- 
nently successful, having taught a 
number of schools in the county 
in which he gave perfect satisfaction. 

On May 4, 1893, it was the happj^ fortune of our subject to be 
united in marriage to Miss Arah Lee, a most worthy and industrious 
young lady and the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Og Lee, pominent 
citizens of Chariton county. This union has proven a happy one and 
has been blessed by the birth of a bright little daughter, May me 
Edith, whose birth occurred November 28, 1894. 

Five miles southeast of Salisbury our subject owns a nice little 
farm of 40 acres, upon which he resides and the revenue from which 
materially assists in ])rovi(ling the necessaries and some of the luxu- 
ries of life. Mr. Harris is a young man of noble purposes and a high 
aim in life, enterprising and progressive and certainly has a bright 
future awaiting hiui. Politically he affiliates with the democratic 

OHN W. COOPER, one of Salisbury's representative young 
'^' lousiness men whose strength of character and mental vigor is 
recognized and ap})reciated, was born in Sullivan county, Mo., 
September 2, 1870. James W. Cooper, his father, was a Kentuckian 
by birth, while his mother, whose maiden name was Miss Mary E. 
Beets, was born in Ohio. Our subject was the eldest of a family of 
eight children, and until he attained his majority resided with his par- 
ents, attending the public schools in the winter and assisting his father 
in his agricultural persuits during the summer. Desiring a more 



finished education, in 1891 he entered 
the Salisbury Academy, then under 
the superintendency of Joseph H. 
Foy, D.D., LL.D., one of the most 
able educators of the state, where by 
dilio^ent study and application he 
made rapid advancement. On 
leaving school, Mr. Cooper, engag- 
ed in the insurance ))usiness, in 
which he was remarkably successful. 
Having connected himself with the 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
Knights of Pythias and Knights of 
Maccabee secret orders, in the latter 
two of which he has been officially 
honored; also, in which societies he 
was impressed with their usefulness 

in the elevation and upbuilding of mankind, Mr. Cooper determined 
to found an order himself and as a result of his labors the Knights of 
Equity was first organized in this city in November 1894. (See frater- 
nal organizations of Salisbury.) Since that time he has devoted his 
undivided time and energy to the upbuilding of this order with a com- 
mendable degree of success. 

On July 16, 1893, our subject was united in marriage to Miss 
Mattie M., the accomplished daughter of Mrs. Nancy R. Cummins, of 
Salisbury, Mo. This union has been a decidedly happy one and has 
been blessed by the birth of a bright little son, John Marvin, now two 
years of age. Politically, Mr. Cooper affiliates with the democratic 
party, while religiously he is a devout Methodist. Socially, Mr. 
Cooper is one of Salisbury's most worthy and respected young men, 
enterprising and progressive and enjoys the esteem and confidence of a 
large circle of acquaintances, who appreciate his zeal and loyalty to 
those principles he believes to be right and just. 

[M. F. and EDWIN C. WESTENKUEHLER. Prominent 
among the business men of Chariton county and worthy repre- 
sentatives of a pioneer family of the state, are the gentlemen 
whose names head this article. Herman H. Westenkuehler, the grand- 
father, was born in Germany, April 3, 1796, but in 1839 emigrated to 



this country, settling in St. Charles county, where he resided initil 
his death, September 12, 1869. The Inrth of Henry \V. Westenkueh- 
ler, the father, occurred in Germany, December 22, 1832, and was an 
infant two years of ag-e when his parents moved to America. On 
September 29, 1854, he was united in marriage to Miss Anna Koeneke, 
a worthy and exemplary lady whose birth also occurred in (jermany 
but came to this country with her parents when but an infant. This 

union resulted in a ha})py one, and was 
blessed by the birth of ten children, seven of 
whom are now living. In 1854, Mr. AVest- 
tenkuehler took charge of his father's farm 
where he continued to reside until March, 
1896, when he disposed of his j)r()})erty and 
moved to Salisbury, Mo. 

AVilliam F. Westenkuehler, our senior 
subject, was born in St. Charles county, 
August 13, 1860 and where he resided until 
1886 when he came to this city and engaged 
in buying and selling stock. From '87 to '92 
in partnership with G. H. Westenkuehler, a 
brother, he was engaged in the threshing 
WILLIAM F. l)usiness. 

The birth of P^dwin C. Westenkuehler 
occurred July 3, 1870. After attending the 
polilic schools of St. Charles county and 
city, in 1887 he entered the Central Wesley- 
an College at Warrensburg, Mo., from 
which he graduated with l)ec()ming honors, 
in June, 1891. From '91 to '93 he taught 
school in Madison county, III. In the fall 
of 1893, forming a partnership with his 
brother, Wm. F., they engaged in the gro- 
cery business in Salisbury, Mo., occu[)ying 
the Taylor building for two years, 
when they purchased and improved the 
property of Fli Shire in the same block 
which they now occupy and where they enjoy a substantial and in- 
creasing patronage. The })olitical convictions of these gentlemen are 
positive, sympathising with the platform and principles of the repub- 
lican party. Socially they are pleasant and compaionable gentlemen. 






Like al! others in tliis hook, we litid ( uv [ietures tukeii at 
''Papa's'' Gallery because he makes the hest. 

If you wnnt to see your-self as others see you, 

If you want to look your best, 
Get on your hitest, Hx up your curls, 

Smile — And Growder will do the rest. 

|MITTS E. WrLHITE, I). I). S. Amon<r the men who ^ive char- 
'^' Si acter and tone to professional life and who add streno;th 
and substantialness to Salisl)ury citizenship, is our popular and 
successful dentist, whose name appears at the head of this paragraph. 
Dr. Wilhite is a native of Salisbury, havino- been born in that 
city, March lith 1870, where he has ever since lived except while 
away attendino; colleo;e. He is a son of the late Dr. W. D. Wilhite, 
so lonor known in the city of Salisbury as a jiracticing- physician and 
christian gentleman of high standing. He recieved his rudimentary 



education in the public schools of his 
native city, and was for two years, 
1888-'89, a student in the Salisbury 
Academy. Having had for some 
time a yearning for the dental pro- 
fession, and having early shown an 
aptitude for its peculiar requirements, 
he entered the Kansas City Dental 
College; and in March, 1892, gradu- 
ated with a high grade from that in- 
stitution. A month later he had 
equipped an office with all the latest 
and best appliances and was engaged 
in the practice of his profession in 
Salisbury, Mo. Most unusual to pro- 
fessional life, he was spared the 
necessity of passing through the 
proverbial "starving period," and 

from the first was accorded a successful practice by a generous and 
appreciative public. And his practice has never abated, but on the 
contrary has had a regular and continued growth, until now his patron- 
age extends over a large territory, and he is one of the busiest men in 
Salisbury. He is thoroughly devoted to his profession, and takes 
delight in making every piece of work of the highest excellence, for 
the work's sake. He has proven himself a most proficient workman in 
all the departments of dentistry, and successfully operates all the latest 
and most difficult grades of work. He applies himself closely to his 
business and richly deserves his high reputation. 

Dr. Wilhite is a valuable member of society. He is straightfor- 
ward and honest in all his dealings, and is a consistent member of the 
Baptist church. On February 23, '93, he was married to Miss Ellen 
Thomas, daughter of Wm. A. Thomas, of Salisbury, Mo., and their 
attractive home on East third street is a favorite retreat for their 
many friends in the community. 

II^IrESLEY D. MITCHELL. Among otlier citizens of Salisbury, 
^ '^* Mo., in the prime of life and full of industry and enterprise, and 
who possesses all natural and acquired essentials for success in 
the occupation he follows, is the subject of this sketch. Mr. Mitchell 



came to this city not very long since, bringino^ with Hkn testimonials of 
worth, and his manner and deportment since then have certainly con- 
tirnicd the favoral)le oi)inions then formed. He was born November 
12, 1870, at Jacksonville, Randolph county, Ylo. His parents were L. 
,1. and l>urnette (Doofgett) Mitchell, the former born in Madison county, 
Kentucky, and the latter a native of Iowa. The father beino; engaged 
in agricultural pursuits, the boyhood days of our subject were spent 
upon the farm, attending the public schools in winter. Completing his 
education at the well known Central College, of Fayette, Mo., in 1890. 

On leaving school our subject taught 
school for three terms as a means of a 
livelihood, in Howard and Macon coun- 
ties, devoting his unemployed time to 
study of law, having chosen that pro- 
fession as his life's occupation. Having 
read for several months under the direc- 
tion of Capt. Ben Guthrie, of Macon City, 
a very al)le and distinguished attorney, 
our su])ject was formally admitted to the 
■ bar. May 1, 1894, opening his office in 
I this city, where he has flattering pros- 
pects of success. Politically, Mr. 
Mitchell is a true and loyal democrat, 
whose parents liefore him were of the 
same belief and principles. Religiously, 
of the Christian church and takes active 
Socially, he is a member of the Knights 
of Equity, and one of Salisbury's most pleasant and agreeable gentle- 
men, honored and respected for his many nol)le traits of mind and 

he is a consistent member 
interest in christian work. 

[AMES P. HENDERSON. A young man of industrious habits, 
socialile, of pleasant manners and one devoted to his business in 
which he has displayed an apt and practical knowledge, is the 
subject of this sketch. He was born one and one-half miles northeast 
of Salisl)ury, February 8, 1871, and is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
A. Henderson, well and most favoral)ly known citizens of Chariton 
county. Prior to attaining his majority he resided at home, attending 
the public schools in the winter and assisting his father upon the farm 




in the summer. On Septemher 21, 
lS9'-2, he was united in marriao^e to 
Miss Leona E. Davis, a most worthy 
and exemplary lady and the dauohter 
of Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Davis, iniiucn- 
tial citizens of Chariton county, re- 
sidino; three and one-half miles south- 
east of this city. As should have 
))een expected, this union resulted in 
a haj^py one, and has been blessed by 
the birth of two briirht little dautrh- 
ters. Followino- his marriaofe, Mr. 
Henderson erected a nice cottaoe 
upon his father's land and at once 
commenced sinkino^ a shaft for coal. 
At a depth of 60 feet, he was rewarded 
by striking a vein 4 feet thick, of as o^ood a quality of bituminous coal 
as is to be found anywhere. This vein he has since proHtably mined, 
furnishing- employment to some V2 or 15 miners the greater part of 
the year, finding ready sale in this city for his total outj)ut. Last 
spring our subject purchased a nice little cottage in the norliiern part 
of this city, to which he has moved his family, and is now perfecting 
arrangements ]:)rior to opening a wood and coal yard in this city, in 
which he will no doubt prove successful. 

Mr. Henderson is an industrious young man, and gives ])romise 
of being richly rewarded, in so far as this world's goods are concerned, 
for his untiring energy. Politically, he afliliates with the democratic 

[ILLIAM B. JAMES. Among others, in Chariton county yet 
in the prime of life, who have attained a reasonable degree 
of success in a chosen line due to their persistent industry, is 
the subject of this sketch. Being a gentleman with an extended circle 
of acquaintances, it is his pleasure to boast of as many friends as any 
one in the county. He was born near Roanoke, in Howard county, 
May 12, 1862, and was a son of Robert James, a prominent merchant of 
Roanoke, who with his family moved to Salisbury, in 1866, where he 
again engaged in the mercantile business until his death in 18TP>. 
Robert James, grandfather of our subject, of German descent and a 



Kentuckian hy birth, was amono- 
the early settlers of Howard coun- 
ty, locatinof near Koanoke in 1819. 
.She who o:iu(led the early steps of 
our sul)iec-t was in her maiden- 
hood, Miss Sarah Twynian, dauo^h- 
of a V"iro;inian, who moved to 
Howard county in the lO's. It 
was there she met and married 
Robert flames, which union was 
blessed by the birth of two chil- 
dren, W. B., our subject, and a 
dauofhter, Allie, who died in her 
youth. By a former marriaoe, 
Kol)ert James, was the father of 
another son, Albert James, who 

now resides at Idaho Sprinos, Idaho. Sometime after the death of 
her husband, the mother of our sul)ject was united in marriao;e to Dr. 
J. W. Craio^, with whom she now happily resides at Jefferson City. 
At the ao;e of thirteen years, our subject, havino; chosen the druo- 
business as his life's occupation, entered upon an apprenticeship in 
the establishment of W. H. Tindall, and t)y diligent study and 
improvement of every opportunity soon mastered the art of compound- 
ino; medicine. Ten years later, (1885,) Mr. James, by his frugality 
and business foresioht. had accumulated sufficient means as to enable 
him to purchase a half interest in the estal)lishnient, which he has 
since owned and conducted with a commenda))le deo;ree of saofacity. 
The style of the ffrm is now James & Welch, Dr. J. F. Welch, of this 
city, a practicino; physician and suro-eon, with a o;enerous clientao-e, 
being the junior memliers. On March 4, 1885, Mr. James was tmited 
in marriage to Miss Ida K., the intelligent and accomplished daughter 
of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Green, well and favorably known in this city 
for a numljer of years. This union has resulted in the l)irth of three 
l)right and interesting girls, namely, Lizzie, aged 1); Susie, 7; and 
Annie, now four. Fate has dealt very kindly with our subject. 
Blessed with a happy home, possessed of a good and paying business 
and enjoying the confidence and esteeiu of his friends, he may well 
congratulate himself that his lot has been cast along such pleasant 
lines. Socially, he is an honored member of the Masonic and Knight 
of Pythias fraternities, while politically he is a pronounced democrat. 



"cabin life in CHARITON CO." 


^|i/RANKLIN M. CLEMENTS, M. D. A worthy representative 
of a family prominently connected with the development of 
Kentucky and a o-entleman closely identitied with the a^rowth 
and proo:ress of Salishiiry since 1876 is the subject of this sketch. 
He was born in Daviess county Kentuck}^ June 22, 1847. At the age 
of 16 years he enlisted in the army, in the cause of the South, but was 
taken a prisoner at Selma, Alabama, in March, 1865. On returnino; 
home at the close of the war, he completed his literary education by 
takino; a course in a popular Academic colleo;e of his state. Havino; 
decided upon the practice of medicine as his life's occupation, in 1868 
he entered Jelferson Medical College of Philadel})hia from which he 
graduated with becoming honors in 1871. On returning home our 
sul)iect hung out his shingle and for live years following enjoyed a 
very lucrative and flattering practice. In 1876, being thoroughly im- 
pressed with the greater opportunities and possibilities to be had in 



Chariton county, Mo., he bid fare- 
well to Kentucky soil and has since 
been one of Salisbury's most en- 
terprising, influential and public- 
spirited citizens. On account of 
failing health, in 1881 he was 
forced to al)andon his profession 
and turn his attention to other 
pursuits. He then engaged in the 
real estate and tire insurance busi- 
ness in which he met with com- 
mendal)le success for a number of 
years. In the spring of 1808 he 
was elected cashier of "The Peo- 
ples' Bank" of this city, a position 
he has since held with honor and 
credit to himself and to the stockholders and directors of the bank. 

The third marriage of our subject occurred at Owensboro, Ky., 
Jime 22, 1892, when he was married to Miss Susy Spickernagle, a 
lady of culture and refinement. 

During his residence in Salisbury, Dr. Clements has enjoyed the 
confidence, esteem and respect of a host of acquaintances;. He has 
been thoroughly identified with the growth and progress of the city and 
can always I)e relied upon to lend his influence and support towai'ds 
any scheme that promises to prove beneficial to the conmmnity. A 
gentleman in the true sense, possessed with a ripe understanding of 
matters of finance and a comprehensive grasp of business generally, 
his opinion and advice is frequently sought after upon a variety of 
subjects. Socially, he is one of Salisbury's most pleasant and courte- 
ous citizens while politicallj^ he affiliates with the democratic party. 

[ILLIAM L. ALLIN. Numbered amonor the enerofetic. self- 
reliant and enterprising young business men of Salisl)ury, Mo., 
in the prime of life and with a bright future awaiting him, is 
the gentleman whose name heads this sketch. He was born near 
Renick, Randolph county. Mo., May 1, 1859 and is the son of Joseph 
Allin, now a prominent citizen of this city. The mother of our sub- 
ject, who in her maidenhood was a Miss Cassie Dameron, died when 
her son was a youth l)ut seven years of age. The boyhood days of our 



subject, prior to attainincr his majority, was more or less uneventful, 
beino^ spent in securino; an education and assistincr Ins father in a 
grocery establishment at Huntsville, Mo. In 18S0 he assumed the 
responsil)ilities of life for himself, eno-aoino- in the cattle lousiness in 
Montana. Ten years later, (1890), o^rowinof weary of a frontier life, 
oar snl)ject returned to Missouri and accepted a clerical position with 
his father, who in the meantime had enwio-ed in the luml)er business in 
Salisbury. A year later Mr. Allin eno;ao;ed in the furniture business 
in this city and the success with which he has met and the patronao-e 

he has since enjoj-ed 
are liis best recom- 
mendations for his 
excellent business 
ability and his per- 
sonal ada})tation to 
the o cc u pation in 
which he is enwaoed. 
On the 2Tth day of 
8e))t., 1893, it was 
the happy fortune of 
our subject to be 
united in marriaofe to 
Miss Don Creson, one 
of Salisbury's fair 
and most worthy 
youno- ladies and the 
da u oh te r of Mrs. 
Fannie C'reson, for 
many years a resident 
of this city. This 
union has l)een ahap- 
])y one and has l)een 
blessed by the birth of a brio-ht little dauo-htcr, now 21 months old. 
Socially, Mr. Allin is a worthy mend)er of the I. O. O. F., Kiiiuhtsof 
Pythias, Knio-hts of the Maccabees and Kniofhts of Fquity, while i)()lit- 
ically he atii Hates with the democratic party. 

ji^/'RANCIS BION McCTJHRY. Of the worthy citizens of Salis- 
bury, Mo., who look at the brio-ht side of the world and have a 
a kind word and pleasant smile for all, whose enemies are few 



and friends legion, easily ranks the 
gentleman whose name heads this 
sketch. He was born in Indiana, 
Octolier 31, 1858, just across the line 
from White Pigeon, Mich. Three 
3^ears later his parents, G. P. and 
llnice (Thurston) McCurry, moved to 
Missouri, locating in Chariton county, 
ten miles north of Salisbury, where 
the father yet resides. 

The boyhood days of our subject,,^,.---^ ^ 
were spent assisting his father in the 
discharge of his farm duties and at- - 
tending the public schools oi the 
district in the winter. Upon attain- 
ing his majority, Mr. McCurry bid 
farewell to the parental roof and entered upon life's duties for himself. 
The first two years, 1880 and '81 he spent in Kansas as salesman for a 
nursery establishment. In 1882, being olfered a clerkship in a mercan- 
tile business in Salisbury, Mr. McCurry located in this city and with 
the exception of two years, has since been thoroughly identified with 
the growth and development of the town. For a number of years 
past he has ])een in engaged in l)usiness for himself and has always 
enjoyed a liberal share of the pul)lic patronage. 

On Octolier 2, 1888, he was united in marriage to Miss Susie E. 
Redd, a most worthy and excellent lady and the daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. J. W. Redd of this city. Mr. and Mrs. McCurry have a very 
beautiful home on LaFevre street, which is an attractive spot for a 
large circle of friends and acquaintances. 

Socially, our sul)ject is modest and unassuming in manner and 
disposition and though comparatively young in years he has had con- 
siderable experience in business and gives promise of a liright future in 
the battle of life. He is an honored member of the I. O. O. F., in 
which order he has filled all the offices; also, a prominent member of 
the Knights of Pythias. Religiously, Mr. McCurry and his wife are 
active memljers of the C. P. church. The political views of our sub- 
ject are positive and are the result of honest convictions, his affiliations 
being with the repul)lican party. He has always taken great interest 
in public matters and has strong faith in the party with which he is 


HOMAS P. SCHOOLER, Representative of Chariton county, 
Mo., and a siiceessfnl business man and prominent citizen of 
Salisbury, was born in Ray county, Mo., Feb. 2, 1862. The 
parents of Mr. Schooler, of Eno:lish descent, were Kentuckians ))y 
birth and early settlers of this state. The boyhood days of our sul> 

ject were spent at 
home in Ray Co., 
ujx)!! the farm, at- 
tcndiuii" the public 
schools in the win- 
ter. Ha vinor at- 
tained his majority 
in \S8, Mr. School- 
er determined upon 
securino- for him- 
self an education 
and accordino^ly en- 
tered the Salis])ury 
Hio-h Schools, then 
under the Superin- 
tendency of Prof. 
AVm. Cullen. At 
the close of this 
school, our suliject 
beoan teachintj, in 
order to provide 
himself with the 
necessary funds for 
pursuing his studies, which he has since continued. For two years he 
was a student at Roanoke Academy, and for the same leno;th of time 
of the Kirksville State Normal. In 18!) 1 he attended the Warrens- 
burg: State Normal, from which he o-raduated with becomins; honors. 
At this school Mr. Schooler captured first award in a contest for the 
best declamation. In 1892 in an oratorical contest held by the Teach- 
ers' Institute of Chariton count}^ Mr. Schooler ao^ain won considerable 
distinction })y capturino; first prize, iB2.5.00 in crold. In 1804 after a 
hotly contested election, Mr. Schooler secured the nomination and 
subsequent election to the office of Representative of Chariton county. 
Among other bills introduced by him, which afterwards became a law, 
was tlie " Central Hicrh School Rill." 



Havino; chosen the practice of law as his future occupation, Mr. 
Schooler, at the April term (1896) of the Chariton county circuit 
court, made application for admission to the bar, and standino; a satis- 
factory examination, was formally admitted by Judge W. W. Rucker. 

On July 4, 1892, he was united in marriage to Miss Mary E. 
Fuller, a worthy and intellectual lady of Kandolph county. This union 
has been blessed with "one democrat (W. H.) who should he live will 
cast his first ballot in 1914." Socially, our subject is a gentleman of 
large sympathies, of gentle character, thoughtful and considerate for 
others, honored and respected by many friends and acquaintances. 

Vl l/HOMAS J. MOORE, D. D. S. In presenting, in this volume, 
sketches of some of the most prominent and successful business 
men and citizens of Chariton county, very properly the gentle- 
man whose name heads this article, presents itself for at least a brief 
biographical review, he having led a 
career and accomplished results, 
which render his life not only person- 
ally interesting, but, of value and 
importance to the conununity in 
which he resides. He was born near 
Fayette, Howard county, November 
29, 1844. Geo. W. Moore, the father 
of our subject, was ])orn near Salis- 
bury, North Carolina, Feb. 2, 1795, 
and, with his parents, in 1810, emi- 
grated to Kentucky. .Two years 
later, having enjoyed fair educational 
advantages, he located in Dearborn 
county, Indiana, where he taught 
school until 1825, when he emigrated to How^ard county, Mo. It was 
during his residence in Kentucky that he met and became enamored 
with one Miss Burlinda Brockman, who became his wife, June 25, 
1825, in Howard county Mo., she having emigrated to this state with 
her parents, a few months previous, from Kentucky. This union was 
blessed ))y the birth of ten children, of whom our subject was the 
tenth. The death of the mother occurred in 1873. The father 
died May 10, 1888, at the age of ninety-three, he having lived at the 
home of our subject the last six years of his life. In 1857, 



the father of our subject, who entertained lil)eral views res:ardino: the 
importance of an e(hication, urged his son to select some profession 
and strive to reach a high standard of excellence. Selecting the prac- 
tice of dentistry as his life's occupation, our suliject, ])ractically with- 
out means, by his own exertions and personal worth, soon mastered his 
study, advancing to the highest standardof his profession; a position he 
has since maintained. He commenced his practice in Saline coimty, 
in 1865. There he enjoyed a commendable patronage until 'Tl, when 
he located in Salisbury, where he has since resided, enjoying a large 
clientage, as well as the contidence and respect of his fellow citizens 
and neighbors. 

The second marriage of our sul)ject occurred May 19, 1880, when 
he was united with Miss Hannah M. Rutherford, a worthy, christian 
lady of Randolph county. To them one child has been born, a l)right 
and cheerful little daughter, Mary Larue, now 15 months old. 

Socially, Dr. Moore is an honored member of all the l)ranches of 
Odd Fellowship and takes an active interest in secret work. Relig- 
iously, he is a consistent member of the Christian t-hurch: while polit- 
ically, he is an uncompromising democrat. 




JOSEPH C. HALL, the subject of this sketch, and a gentleman of 
exceptional ability and sterling integrity of character, was born 
at Laomi, near Springfield, 111., November 27, 1864. James A. 
Hall, the father, was ))orn in V^irginia, but moved to Sangamon coun- 
ty, 111., in 1831, where he has since resided. It was there he met and 
married Miss Margaret Darneille, mother of our subject. The father, 
being engaged in agricultural pursuits, the lioyhood days of Joseph C. 
were spent upon the farm. Having completed the course of the pub- 
lic schools, Mr. Hall went to Springfield, where he enjoyed the advan- 

tao-es of a high school, after which 
ll he finished his education at the Lin- 
coln University, Lincoln 111., from 
which institution he graduated June 
16, '87, taking second honors in his 
class. (It was while attending this 
school that our subject met Miss 
Florence Slaughter, one of Chariton 
county Missouri's most worthy, in- 
telligent young ladies, with whom he 
was united in marriage, June 12, 

On July 1st, following his grad- 
uation, Mr. Hall was tendered a 
clerkship in the County Clerk's 
office of Sangamon county, which 
position he held until Septemi^er 1, 
'!»1, when he resigned it to accept a 
similar position in the People's 
Bank, of Salisbury, Mo. This 
position, Mr. Hall relinquished one year later, to accept a position 
with the Bank of Salisl)ury, which he acceptably filled until its failure, 
July '1)5, since when he has l)een retained by the assignee, to assist in 
winding up the affairs of that institution. Socially, Mr. Hall is one of 
Salisbury's most courteous and agreeable gentlemen. Possessed of a 
happy home, made Innght by the cheerful prattle and laughter of three 
bright children, namely, George D., aged 6; James A., aged 4; and 
Josephine, the Imby, he has just cause for the pleasures and happiness 
of life he experiences. He is an honored member of the I. O. O. F. 
and takes an active interest in secret work. Politically, he is an un- 
compromising democrat. 




JOHN M. DUNN, a worthy rep- 
''^' resentative of an old and 
respected family of Chariton 
county, and a o;entlenian of exempla- 
ry character and strict integrity, 
was born in Salisbury toAvnship, 
November 18, 1864. E()l)ert Dunn, 
the o;randfather, was born in Halifax 
county, Va., April 6, 1803. In 1828 
he settled in Kentucky and there 
met and married Miss Jane Hart, 
also of Virginia. In '31 they emi- 
grated to Howard county, Mo., and 
seven years later to Chariton county, 
where they resided until their death. 
To them were born 8 children, John 
D., Father of our subject, being the 
eldest. He was born in Lincoln Co. 
Kentucky, in '31. September 13, 
'53 he was imited in marriage to Miss Martha J., daughter of Alton 
and Mary A. (Wasson) Freeman, of this county, but formerly of 
Kentucky. They were the parents of three children, namely, James 
E. ;Mary E., now Mrs. F. P. Twyman, and John M., (mr su))ject. 
The death of the father occurred August 2, 188.5. Mrs. Dunn now 
resides in Salisbury, and is a lady of culture and refinement, with a 
large circle of acquaintances. Reared upon the farm, the ))oyhood 
days of our sul)ject were not unlike those of the farmer lad. Com- 
pleting the course of the common schools, in 1883-4 he attended the 
State Normal at Kirksville, Mo. Returning home he taught four 
terms of school, giving excellent satisfaction. In 1888, he located in 
Salisbury and for two years engaged in in the grocery business, 
meeting with a reasonable degree of success. At present he is engag- 
ed in the insurance business and holds the position of city collector. 
On March 28, 18!)5, he was united in marriage with Miss Eva G. 
Morehead, one of Salisbury's most intellectual and accom])lished ladies 
and a daughter of Mrs. Amanda Morehead, well and favorably known 
in this city. Socially, Mr. Dunn is an enthusiastic member of the 
Knights of Pythias order. Politically, he affiliates with the demo- 
cratic party. Religiouly, he and his wife are consisted members 
and active workers of the Methodist church. 



OHN H. WAYLAND. Among the citizens of Salisbury whose 
exi)erience and success in life have been such as to fairly entitle 
them to favorable recognition in this Record of Chariton county, 
is the subject of this sketch. Enterprising and progressive in his ideas, 
of strict integrity and possessed of a genial good humor, Mr. Way- 
land justly occupies a very high y)lace in the community in Avhich he 
resides. His l)irth occurred at Roanoke, Howard county. Mo., Feb. 
(), 18-H>, being the second of twelve children, the offspring of William 
and Elizabeth (Woodson) Wayland. The father was a Virginian by 
l)irth, but located at Roanoke, Mo., in 1830, where he engaged in the 
mercantile business. His death occur- 
red in '7.5. The mother lived to a ripe 
old age, her death occurred in 1891. 

At the age of 14 years, our sub- 
ject entered his father's store as clerk 
and there remained until of age. Soon 
after attaining his majority, our sub- 
ject engaged in the boot and shoe 
business at Glasgow and later in the 
dry goods business in Clay county. 
In lS7(i he returned to Glasgow and 
engaged in the grain l)usiness, where 
he continued until 1887, when he re- 
moved to Salisbury Mo., and took 
charge of the Salisl)ury Mill & Eleva- 
tor Co., with which he has since been 
connected and financial ly interested. 
On March 31, '75 our subject was 
united in marriage to Miss Jennie 
Iglehart, an intellectual and cultured lady of Glasgow, Mo., and the 
daughter of Denton Iglehart, a native of Maryland, who located in 
Glasgow in 1871. Prior to coming to Missouri, Miss Iglehart finished 
her education in Germany, spending three years at Stuttgart. To 
them have been born three children, namely, Virlea, now 18; Eliza- 
beth, aged 16, and William, 14 years. 

Politically, our subject has always affiliated with the democratic 
party. Socially, he is an honored member of the Masonic fraternity, 
and a polite, courteous gentleman. Religiously, himself and family 
are consistent members of the Methodist church, and take an active 
interest in Sunday school work. 




Amono;' the best improved and most valuable farms of Chariton 
county, is that of T. M. Bentley, assistant cashier of the Peoples' 
Bank, of Salisbury, Mo. This fai-m, located four miles southwest of 
Salisbury, embraces 220 acres in Sec. 20-53-17, and is indeed a valua- 
ble possession, justly appreciated by its owner. 

HARLES F. RICHARDSON. Amono- the youno- men of Salis- 
bury. Mo., who by their dilio:ence, inteority and sociability, 
have won the confidence and respect of a large circle of acquain- 
tances, is the gentleman wdiose name heads this article. His birth 
occurred at Nebraska City, Neb., March 2, 1873. His father. Rev. 
Edwin R. Richardson, an able minister of the Episcopal church, now 
located at Bonham, was born, November 12, 1840, near Rochester, 
N. Y. Miss Elizal)eth Malby, the mother, was a native of Vermont, 
but for some years prior to her marriage was a resident of Missouri. 
In 1887, Charles F., our subject, at the age of 14 years, came to 
Salisbury, Mo., for the purpose of making his home with his sister, 
Mrs. C. W. Aldridge, and receive the advantages of a high school 
education. Two years later, he accepted a position as salesman in the 
grocery establishment of his brother-in-law, Mr. C. W. Aldridge, 
with which he has since been identified. 



of the Salisbury Council No, 1. 

lielioiously he affiliates with the Episcopal church. 

On September 26, 1894, it was 
the ]3rivileo:e of our subject to lead 
to the hynienial altar a worthy, ex- 
emplary and intellig-ent young lady, 
in the person of Miss Ida M. Christ- 
ian, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. 
P. Christian, well and favorably 
known citizens of this city. 

Politically, our subject was 
reared a democrat and the indica- 
tions are that he will adhere to the 
principles so highly valued by his 

Socially, our subject is a young 
man of pleasing address and aifable 
manners, and is counted among the 
worthy members of the Knights of 
Pythias order, which society he sup- 
ports with true secret order patriot- 
ism. He is also a worthy member 
Knights of Equity of the World. 

^BJENJAMIN F. MOORE, the subject of this sketch and a gentle- 
fff man of industry and clear-headed business intelligence, was born 
near Fayette, Howard county. Mo., March 7, 1832, and was the 
fourth of a family of ten children, the olispring of the late George 
W. and Burlinda (Brockman) Moore — an outline of whose life is given 
in the sketch of Thos. J. Moore, D. D. S. — early settlers of Howard 
county. The father was a farmer by occupation and in this calling 
our subject, as well as the other sons, were brought up. Indeed, after 
attaining his majority, our subject continued to reside upon the farm 
for seven years. In 1862 he accepted a position with a commission 
firm of St. Louis, with which he was connected for three years. In 
1876 he located in Salisbury township, this county, where he has since 
resided engaging in various speculations. In May, 1892, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Francis to till the vacancy in the office of Public 
Administrator, of this county, created by the the resignation of G. N. 
Burrus. So well and faithfully did he perform the duties of that 



that at the November election of 
the same year, he was elected to the 
same positon for the ensuino; term, 
to the duties of which office he now 
devotes his undivided attention. 
With all due respect to former 
officials, it is but fair to state that 
Chariton county has never had a 
more painstaking- official than B. F. 

On December 20, 1882, our 
subject was united in marriage to 
Miss Lizzie A. White, a very 
worthy and industrious lady of 
Lexingt(m, Mo., but formerly of 
Hampshire county, West Virginia. 
Politically, Mr. Moore is a dyed-in- 
the-wool democrat and loyally sup- 
ports the principles of his party. 
Socially, our subject is a thoroughly 

industrious and worthy citizen, respected by the connnunity in which 

he resides. 

[ENKY JACOBS. Of the many (ierman-American citizens of 
Chariton county, noted for their superior business ability, enter- 
prise and indefatigable industry, none stand higher in the esti- 
mation of the comimmity in which they reside than Henry Jacobs, 
the subject of this sketch. He was )>orn Dec. 2, 1853, at Toenning, 
Germany, the son of P. F. and Magdalene Jacobs. The father whose 
birth occurred in 1820, was 50 years a pilot ui)on large vessels of the 
North Sea. The mother was l)orn in 1821. These venerable old people 
are yet living and should life and good health be accorded them they 
will celebrate their fiftieth wedding anniversary in August, '9(5. 

Having selected and mastered the art of manufacturing cigars as a 
life's occupation, our subject at the age of 17 years, assunied the re- 
sponsibility of life for himself. In '79 he came to the United States 
following his occupation in a numl)er of the larger cities of the east. 
In 1885 he located in Salisbury, Mo., engaging in business upon his 
own responsibility, since when he has met with remarkable success. 



The first marriao;e of our sub- 
ject occurred at Brunswick, Mo., 
September 3, 18S3, wlien lie was 
united with Miss Dorothea Bhie- 
cher, of New York. This union 
was blessed l)y the birth of two 
boys, namely, Harry, aged 9, and 
Willie, now seven. The death of 
the mother occiu-red Auo;ust 27, 
1890. On January 24, '94-, our 
subject was ao^ain united iri mar- 
riaoe, this time to Miss Irene A., 
dautrhter of Mr. tuid Mrs. A. H. 
Reao-an, well known citizens of 
Chariton county. To them have 
l)een l)orn one child, a daughter, 
now an infant. 

Socially, our subject is an 
honored member of the A. O. U. 
W., and an enterjirising, ])roo;ressive citizen, worthy of the high 
esteem and respect in which he is held by his friends and neighbors. 

^B JOBEKT B. CROWDEH, the subject of this sketch, and a photog- 
^I]f| rapher by occupation, is a gentleman in the prime of life, who 
^■^\| has not only won for himself distinction in a chosen profession, 
l)ut the confidence and respect of his fellow citizens. Thoroughly 
versed in the knowdedge and duties of his calling, since locating in 
this city he has succeeded in building up a large and extended patron- 
age. He was bora near Marshall, Saline county. Mo., April 25, 1861, 
being the fifth of a family of eight children of J. C. and Margaret 
(Martin) Crowder. The father of our subject who was born at 
Springfield, 111., in 1829, located in Saline county. Mo., in 1850, en- 
gaging in agriculture as an occupation. The mother was born in 1832, 
near Rochester, N. Y., but with her parents located in Missouri in 
1846. It was seven years later that her marriage occurred with the 
father of our subject. In 1861 they located upon a farm in Linn, 
county. Mo., and it was there that our subject was reared and educated. 
Upon finishing his education, our subject taught school for two years 
and afterwards filled various clerical positions in the mercantile estab- 



lishment of Linn county. In 
July, 1884, havino- chosen the 
photographer's hii.siness as his 
future occuj)ation, Mr. Crowder 
entered a studio at Brookheld, 
where he remained until he had 
mastered his profession. In Fel»- 
ruary, 1886, he located in this 
city when his ability as an artist 
in his profession was justly re- 
coonized, since which time he 
has enjoyed a jjatronaofe far 
(greater than his most sanijuine de- 
sires permitted him to expect. 

On Novem])er 1, 1887, occur- 
red the marriao;e of our subject 
to Miss Gertie Winn, of this city, 
a lady of rare attainments and 
social o-races, eldest dauo;hter of 
J. P. and Julia (Brown) Winn. This union resulted in the birth of 
two ])rio^ht and pretty little dauofhters, namely, Berneice, now .5 years 
of age and Gertrude, ao;ed 3 — a portrait of whom appears on pag-e (53 
of this work. 

Socially, our su])]ect is a gentleman highly respecte<l for his ener- 
gy, industry and intelligence, and is an honored meml)er of the Salis- 
bury Lodge, A. F. & A. M., No 208.; Cloudine Lodge, K. of P., No. 
lTt>andof Salisbury, Lodge. K. of E., No. 1. Politically he supports 
the democratic party. 


ENRY NAGEL is another worthy exam})le of what agriculture 
does for the industrious and energetic when honestly and intelli- 
gently directed. His birth occurred June 20, 18.50, at Highland, 
Madison county. 111. vVdam Nagel, the father, was born in (xermany 
and located in Illinois sometime in the iO's. On February 20, 1873, 
our subject was united in marriage to Miss Mary Widmer, of Madison 
county. 111. Miss Widmer was born in Switzerland, but in her infan- 
cy came to the United States with her parents, they settling jn 
Illinois. This union has resulted in the birth of 6 children, five of 
whom are now living, as follows : Bertha S., 22; Frank C, 21; Alice 




B., IT; (xeorore J., 15 and Mark J., 13. In 1882, our su))ject located 
in this connty, pnrchasinof 178 acres of land, one mile west of Salis- 
l)ary, Mo., in section 4-53-17. This farm, Mr. Naofel has improved, 
until now it is one of the most valna})le tracts of land in Chariton 
county. In addition he owns 80 acres of fine land in the Chariton 
river bottom. Our subject is certainly nothing, if not enterprisinor. 
Recently, he erected up m his place, at a cost of ^1,400 a laro;e steam 
cider mill plant, the out[)ut from which durino; the season of '95 
amounted to over 60,000 gallons. Politically, he was born and reared 
a democrat, the principles of which party he now loyally supports. 
R,elio;i()uly, himself and famil}^ affiliate with the St. Joseph Catholic 
church of this city. 

[OHN F. CRAWFORD, a successful ao;riculturist and a highly re- 
spectable citizen of Chariton county, was born in Shelby county, 
Kentucky, August 1, 1856. William ami Julia (Williams) 
Crawford, father and mother of our subject, were also born in Ken- 
tucky, but moved to Missouri in 1858, settling in Monroe county, but 
in 1861 permanently located in Audrain county, purchasing and oper- 
ating a tine farm of 500 acres. In 1882, our su])ject located in Chari- 
ton county, purchasing 76 acres of land in Sec. 18-53-18, which he has 
materially im})roved and where he has since resided. Prior to locating 




in this county, Mr. Crawford was for a nunihor of years a resident of 
Howard county. On January 1, 1S83, our subject was united in niar- 
riao;e to Miss Jennie N. Blakey, a worthy and intellio^ent lady, and 
a dauo-hter of Mr. and Mrs. Y. C. Blakey, prominent citizens of this 
county. This union has l)een blessed ])y the l)irth of iiv'e children, the 
eldest beino- 12 years of ao;e, and the youno;;est 2 years. Socially, Mr. 
Crawford is one of Salisbury township's most prominent and inliuen- 
tial farmers and citizens, who is ])oth enterprisino- and proo-ressive. 
Politically he affiliates with the peoples' party, in which oro-anization 
he has been honored with the position of township chairman. Relio;- 
iously he is a consistent member of the Christian church. 

DIaRRY G. MARQUIS, the subject of this sketch, is a youn.^ man 
'^^T'l of unusual intellia-ence and information on all su))jects of (general 
^ thouofht and investio-ation, who by a life of strict inteofrity of 
character and unremittino: industry, has succeeded in winnincr for him- 
self the confidence and esteem of a very larae circle of accjuaintances 
not only in Chariton county, but throiiohout the state. His birth 
occurred near Roanoke, Howard county. Mo., fluly 10, 18(57, the son 
of Henry W. and Mattie (^Vatson) Marquis. The father was a 
native of Kentucky, who located at Roanoke, Mo., about '3!> or '40, 




eno:affino; in the mercantile biisi- 
ness. It was some years after 
coming to this state that he met 
and married Miss Watson, then a 
resident of Chariton county, but 
formerly of New York. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Marquis were born but 
one child, the death of the mother 
occurrino- three months after the 
birth of our subject. Harry (1. 
was reared and received the prin- 
cipal part of his education at St. 
Louis, Mo., residino- at the home 
of an undo. For 10 or VI years 
past, he has fouoht the battles of 
life for himself, mcetino; with 
marked success. His iirst position 
of any [iromience was shippino' 
clerk in a lar^e wholesale estab- 
lishment of St. Louis, Mo. Durino^ the sessions of the 3.5th and 36th 
Missouri General Assembly, he was honored with the position of 
Assistant Sero;eant-at-Arms. Since then he has found remunerative 
employment as a conunercial tourist, makino: his home at Salisbury, 
Mo. Socially, he affiliates with the Masonic fraternity; and is a con- 
sistent member of the C. P. church. Politically, he is a democrat. 

liBijifNN G. WOOD, widow of the late Benjamin F. Wood, of this 
■;it-ffil county and a lady well and most favorably known during a life- 
time residence in Chariton county, was born near Old Chariton, 
November 8, 1827. Mrs. Wood was a daughter of Alexander and 
Mary (Hicks) Trent, the former a native of Virginia, whose birth 
occurred in Buckingham county, in 1T!>T. Following his marriage in 
18r.», he removed to this county, settling in Missouri township, where 
he resided until '27, being forced to leave on account of overflows of 
the river, when he settled at Old Chariton. The death of the mother 
occurred September 9, 1843, while the father lived until January 12, 
1851. On August 7, 184.5 occurred the marriage of our sul)ject to 
P>enjamin F. Wood, a gentleman for many years well known and re- 
spected in this county. He was born near Roanoke Mo., December 




16, 1828 and died January 1, 18S9. After his iiiarriao-e Mr. \\\hh\ 
lirst located in the Bowlino- Green Prairie. In 1850 he went to Cali- 
fornia, spending- two years. On retnrnino; home he located in the 
forks of the Chariton for two years, when he purchased the tine tract 
of land containing 200 acres, four miles east of Keytesville, where our 
suV)ject now resides. Mr. and Mrs. Wood were the parents of eio-jit 
children, five of whom are now livino-, namely, Mary Ellen, wife of 
Wm. Redding, of Carroll county; Eliza F., now Mrs. J. fJ. Moore, of 
Keytesville, Mo.; Oscar, Theodore P., and Laura, wife of Wm. H. 
Taylor, who resides upon the old homestead. Though well advanced 
in years, our subject is a well preserved lady, who in her declining 
years, is now enjoying the fruits of a well spent life. 

^HOMAS KARCHER, the gentleman whose i)leasant physiog- 
nomy adorns the following page and a citizen of Salisbury, Mo. , 
who has contributed liberally of his time and means towards 
the advancement of the city, was born, June 3, 1863, at Waldprechts- 
weier, Amt Rastatt, Baden, Germany. In 1878, at the age of 16 years, 
our su])ject, l»id the parental roof farewell and emigrated to the United 
States, locating in St. Genevieve county, this state, where for two 



years he was employed upon a farm. In 1880, Mr. Karcher went to 
St. Louis to reside, liut two years later accepted a clerical position 
with A. Straub, deceased, of this city. This position our subject tilled 
with satisfaction to his employer for eight years, when he resigned to 
go into l)nsiness for himself, forming a partnership with Mr. C. A. 
Clarkson of this city, wiiich has since been continued with gratifying 

The above picture represents ;>. part of the Broadway property of 
Mr. Karcher. The lower story is divided into two valiialde business 
houses, one being occupied by the Salisbury Savings Bank of which 
Mr. Karcher is a director and stockholder, and the other l)y Williams 
& Plattner's dry goods establishment. The upper story is handsomely 
furnished and is used l\y its owner for residence purposes. 

On June 3, 1S88, Mr. Karcher was united in marriage to Miss 
Kliza Peter, daughter of Martin Peter, deceased, with whom he hap- 
pily lived until her death. By this union our sul)]*cct is the father of 
a Ijright and pomising son, AU^ert M., now seven years of age. 

The second marriage of our sul)ject occm-red March 4, 1893, when 



he was united to Miss Kathrine M., 
a most worthy and industrious lady 
and the dauo-hter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry Harkelroth, prominent citi- 
zens of this county. 

Mr. Karcher, the subject of this 
sketch, is a thrifty, go-ahead citizen, 
who seeks to improve his condition 
by straighforward and uprio-ht 
methods. As a business man of un- 
doubted integrity of chaiacter and 
a public-spirited citizen assisting in 
the growth and development of his 
""■ ' *' town and county, he has worthily 

won and firmly holds the high 
regard of the general public. Blessed with a happy home and pos- 
sessing a sufficiency of the goods of this world, he is in a position that 
may well be characterized as one of contentment and peace. 



Its*"' , 


^bHi ' 




fOSEPH R. GAINES, M. D. Though comparatively a young 
physician, of excellent ability and attainments, the subject of 
this sketch is a orentleman, who by thorough preparation and 
unceasing investigation, together with a considerate and sympathetic 
nature, has accomplished results which render his life especially 
worthy of favorable recognition in this Pictorial and Biographical 
Record of the lives of Chariton county citizens. He was born July 9, 
1865, being the second of a family of six children, the offspring of 

George W. and Martha F. (San- 
ders) Gaines, of Monroe county. 
In youth, our subject, being pos- 
sessed of studious habits, succeded 
in securing a good practical educa- 
tion, which greatly assisted in 
preparing him for the life he has 
since led. In 188.5-6 he attended 
the State Normal at Warrensburg 
and '87 and '88 was a matriculate 
of the State University. Imbued 
with an ambition to advance him- 
self in life our su))ject, in 1889 
chose the practice of medicine as 
his life's work and accordingly be- 
gan its study by reading under 
MaGoon and Hanger, two emi- 
nent physicians of Monroe coun- 
ty. Mo. In 1889 and '90 he attend- 
ed a course of lectures at the Missouri Medical College of St. Louis, 
Mo., and in 1891 graduated, with honor, from the School of Physicians 
and Surgeons, of the same city. Immediately after his graduation he 
entered ui)on the practice of his profession at Thomas Hill, Randolph 
county, but in the s)n-ing of '92 located at Musselfork, this county, 
where by his many excellent qualities of mind and heart, he has not 
only succeeded in winning the confidence and respect of his acquaint- 
ances and neighbors, but has built up a large and remunerative 

On December 28, 1892, he was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
E. Perry, a most excellent lady, and the daughter of O. C. and Ellen 
Perry, early settlers of Clarence, Shelby county. Mo. This union has 
resulted in the birth of a son, Maurice P., now one year of age, Avhose 



presence adds sunshine and pleasure to the hap[)y home of his parents. 
Politically, our subject is a warm supporter of the doniocratic ))arty, 
while religiously, himself and wife atiiliatc with the Baptist church. 

^JOIIN M. SHANNON. Amons: the men of enerofy and intelli- 
I iJ^I 2fence, born and reared in Chariton county, Mo., who have 
•^^ become prosperous and influential citizens, entitled to favoraljle 
recoijnition in this connection is Mr. Shannon, subject of this sketch. 
He was born July 21, 1838. Henry Shannon, the father, was born in 
Smith county, Va., and was amono- the early ])ioneer settlers of this 
county, locatino- here in 1828. The mother of our subject, who in her 
maidenhood was Miss Mary Forrest, was born in Tennessee, but with 
her parents located in this county sometime in the 2o's, she then l)eino; 
but seven years of ao-e. The death of the father occurred Auo;ust 2-t, 
1809, while the mother of our subject survived her hus))and nearly 

ten years, her death occurrino- January 1(>, '79. Reared on a farm, 
our subject at an early day adopted farming- as his life occupation, 
which he has since followed with remarkal>le success. His fai-m, one 
mile west of Shannondale, in Sections 30, 31 and 32, embraces 340 
acres of fine land, handsomely improved and abundantly stocked, while 
his dwellinir is ojie of the best and most siofhtly in the county. In ad- 
dition to other improvements upon his farm is a laro:e tobacco factory, 
with a floor space of TT^l s(|uare feet. 

On September 27, 1883, our subject was united in marriasfe to 
Mrs. F. A. Cram, a cultured, refined and intellio;ent lady, well and 






most favorably know in this county for a number of years. Mrs. 
Cram was horn in Kiicine, Wis., in 1S4.5, a dauo-hter of E. 15. and S. 
A. Richardson, the former of V^ermont and the mother a native of New 
York. In Wisconsin, in 18G5, Miss Richardson was united in marriao;e 
to Vasco H. Cram, a native of Vermont, by which union four children 
were born, three of whom are now livino;; Ernest R., now" a railroad 
atjent at Ashley 111.; E. Maud and Mabel A., now at home. In 1866 
Mr. and Mrs. Cram located in Salisbury, Mo., where the former asso- 
ciated with Judo;e L. Salisbury, o})ened the first mercantile establish- 
ment of the city, but in '75 moved to Shannondale, enofag^inof in the 
same business. 

The death of Mr. Cram occvu-red September 6, '78. It was live 
years later, 1883, that Mrs. Cram met and married Mr. Shannon. The 
time intervenino^ the death of her lirst husband and her second mar- 
riage, Mrs. Shannon was engaged in teaching in the pu1>lic schools of 
Salisbury, Mo. The three years following their marriage, Mr. 
and Mrs. Shannon resided in Salisbury, after which they returned to 
the farm, where they have since resided. There they have a beautiful 
home, conveniently located and surrounded with all the comforts and 
many of the luxuries of life. Mrs. Shannon is a consistent member of 
the Old School Presl»yterian Church. 



I^B JOBERT P. CLARKSON, a Missonrian ))y adoption and a farmer 
by occui)ation, well and favoral)ly known in the social, business 
and political circles of Chariton county, was born in Breckin- 
ridofe county, Kentucky, July 4, 1836, and was the 10th of a family of 
twelve children, the offsprino; of Julius F. and Elvira (Holt) Clarkson. 
The father was born in Albermarld county, Va., 1790, and served two 
years in the war of 1812. The mother was born in Bedford county, 
Va., in 1800. Their marriag-e occurred in 1818. In 1882 they located 
in Kentuck3% where they resided for ten years, then emi£:ratino: to 
Missouri, locatino- near Lexino;ton, Mo. The death of the mother oc- 
curred 4 years after coming- to this state, while the father survi^'ed 

until 1867. In 18H1, at the breaking out of tlic war, our subject was 
one among the first to enlist in the cause of the Confederate JStates and 
was a brave and loyal soldier throughout that unpleasantness. 

On July 27, 1865, he was united in marriage to Miss Terrissa M. 
Mackey, a most excellent lady, born and reared in Rockbridge county, 
Va. After a three years residence in that state, Mr. and Mrs. (Mark- 
son returned to Missouri, settling upon Section 26-.55-18, this county, 
where they have since resided. To them have been born 8 children, 
as follows : Franklin, deceased; Charles A., 28; Melvin, deceased; 



Elvira, 22; Annie M., 20; Roberta P., 16; Byron O., 15; Robert L., 
now 13 years of ajo;e. 

Politically, Mr. C'larkson has always been an active factor in the 
local, state and national issues of the day, supporting the principles of 
the democratic party with an unquestional>le patriotism. Fraternally, 
he has nssociated himself with the Masonic order. Relio-iously, him- 
self and family are active workers in the Christian church. 

[OHX K. EARI("5KS0N, a orentleman of estal)lishe<l character and 
reputation, well and most favorably known in Chariton county, 
where he numl)ers his friends b}^ the number of his acquaint- 
ances, was born near (Tlaso;ow, Mo., Ajiril 4, 1834. Perry and Laura 
(Stuckey) Earickson, father and mother of our sul)ject, were both 
natives of Kentucky. Their marriao;e occurred near Louisville in 1814 
and in 1818 they emitjrated to this county, settlino- in the lower edge 
of Bowlino; Green Prairie. To them were born 13 children, 6 of whom 

7.~—^r/'^<rfr'm^¥"'^ — "^ 


are how livino'. In youth our sul)ject was reared upon a farm, and 
received a good practical echication. Upon attaining his majority, in 
18.55, he engaged in the tobacco business at Glasgow, Mo., continuing 
until '62 when he went to St. Louis, engaging in the same business on 
a much larger scale. In 1875, he returned to this county, purchasing 
80 acres of land near this city, where he has since resided and which he 



has improved until now plenty of investors conkl be olrtained at $75 
per acre. 

On December IT, 1863, our subject was exceedinofly fortunate in 
a matrimonial venture, securing the companionship of Miss Annie R. 
Bowman, a lady of culture and refinement and the dauohter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Wni. H. and Francis (Reed) Bowman, of Howard county, 
though natives of Kentucky. This unitm resulted in the birth of live 
children, four living, namely. Laura B., now Mrs. J. V. Kistler, of 
Delta, Col.; Wm. H., of Alburquerque, N. M.; James P., of Las 
Vegas, N. M. and Miss Ella, a charming young lady, yet at home. 

Politically, our subject, has always su})porte(l the principles of 
the democratic party, with a loyalty and hdelity seldom foimd in one 
who has never had a desire for official recognition. Religiously, liim- 
self and family are consistent members of the Old School Presbyterian 


^B jICHARD A. COLEMAN. Of the many highly respected and 
ftfl influential citizens of Keytesville township, none deserve more 
^*\| credit for the worthy and successful life he has led than the gen- 
tleman whose name heads this sketch. He was born in Breckinridge 

county, Kentucky, April 22, 1854. 
Capt. James A. Coleman, father 
of our subject, was boi-n near 
Petersburgh, Va., Feliruary 1, 
1811, and was a son of James H. 
and Elizabeth (Lewis) Coleman, 
natives of the Old Dominion, who 
lived and died in the state of their 
birth. In 1881, the father of our 
subject emigrated to Kentucky 
and there met and married Miss 
Dorcas E. Clarkson, in 1840, who 
bore him ten children, of whom 
our sul)ject was the fifth. In 185(> 
Capt. (yoleman located upon Sec. 
15-54-18, of this county, where ho 
resided until his death, Sept. 1!), 
1893. Richard A., our subject, 
was reared in this county, and in 
youth received a practical English 




education in the ordinary schools of the district. At an earlv ao-e he 
ado|)ted farniino- as his occupation which he lias since followed, with 
stock raisino-, nieetino- with ofi'atifyino; success. His farm, the old 
homestead, consists of SO acres of tine, well improved land which 
never fails to produce an ahundant yield. On Nov. 20, "78 our subject 
was married to Miss Sarah M. (iruhbs, dauffhter of R. H. Gruhhs, a 
Viro-inian, who settled in this cotmtv sometime in the ;^>0\s. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Coleman was born one child, a son, Thomas, whose birth oc- 
curred Aus:. 29, '74, but alas, the poet has said : "All that's l)rio-ht 
nuist fade — The brio:htest still the fleetest." the wisdom of which was 
forcibly illustrated by his death, March 2.5, 1895, wdiile attendinof the 
Salisbury Academy. 

In political affiliations, our sul)ject is a democrat, and, while not 
a politician or office seeker, is interested in all local and national issues 
and can always l>e found upon the side of rio;ht and justice. Relicr- 
iously, himself and wife are active and consistent members of the 
C. P. church. 

IIJUGUSTUS C. YOCITM, a prominent citizen of Salisbury, Mo., 
and a successful attorney-at-law, possessed of rare intellisfence, 
2:reat courage in the (lischaro;e of duty, and preservino; indus- 
try in any work to which his enerjyy is devoted, was born September 



21, 1856, in Schuyler county. 111., beinof the 7th of a family of 12 chil- 
dren, only 6 of whom are now livino-. Harvey Yocum, the father, 
was born in Monto;omery county, Ky., Feb. 5, 1826, the eldest of a 
family of seven children, of Jonathan and Rachel (Williams) Yocum, 
also natives of Kentucky. On December 30, 1847, the father of our 
subject was united in marriao-e to Miss Malinda, dau2:hter of Matthew 
and Maro;aret Wilson, of Clay county, Ind. In 1852 the parents of 
our subject located in Schuyler county. 111., where they resi<led until 
1867, when they removed to this county, the father enscacjino- in ao-ri- 
culture and stock raising, until his death, April 2P), 188(;. The death of 
the mother occurred Feb. 11, '1>6. 

Havino; completed the course 
of the public schools, in '75, our 
sul)ject attended Bethany Acade- 
my, of Harrison county. From 
'76 to '79 he was a student of the 
State Normal at Kirksville, Mo. 
For 15 years our subject followed 
the occupation of school teachiniy 
in the winter and farminij in sum- 
mer. Selectino- the practice of 
law as a future occupation, in Jan. 
'93 our sul)ject beo'an readinii' un- 
der Hon. W. S. Stockwell, of 
Salisbury, Mo., and made such 
progress that in Jul}' '94 he was 
admitted to the bar, by Circuit 
Judoe W. W. Rucker. Mr. 
Yocum swunof his shino-je in this city and has from the beoinninfj en- 
joyed a lucrative and increasino- clientao-e. On March 21, '80, he was 
united in marriage to Miss Mattie A., dauohtcr of Charles N. and 
Amelia A. Green, prominent citizens of this county. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Yocum, have been born 5 children, two deceased and three living-, 
namely, Lottie A., nearly 8; Delmar D., 6; and Harvey H., now four. 
Religiously, our subject is a consistent member of the Christian 
church, while politically he affiliates Avith the peoples' party. Mr. 
Yocum has never sought official recognition, yet he has always taken 
an active interest in the discussion of the jiolitical issues of the day. 
Socially, he is an honored member of the Knights of Equity secret 




^.^JaLISBURY academy. In Chariton county are to be found a 
*"^ ^ number of educational institutions that would reflect credit upon 
any community in the state. Foremost amons; these is the 
Salisbury Academy, an institution which owes its foundation to the 
lil)erality and public spirited citizens of Salisbury and vicinity. In the 
cataloo;ue issued in July, '1)5 by the superintendent of this institution, 
Prof. B. F. Heaton, a o;entleman known and appreciated throughout 
the state for the depth and variety of his learning, we take the follow- 
ing: ""Desiring to advance" — in the language of the Articles of 
Association — "The higher interests of the community and feeling deep- 
ly that well organized facilities for thorough and practical education are 
essential thereto, this school — in the avowed purpose of its founders — 
undenominational in its character, yet christian in spirit — opened its 
doors to students in 1888. " 

The ends and declared purposes of those, who gave of their energy 
and means, to inaugurate this institution have been kept, at the cost of 
some sacrifice, steadily in view by its Board of Control. 

In 1892, the increased patronage necessitated a large addition to 


the school biiildins; to accommodate the increased attendance, makino^ 
it one of the most commodious and substantial buildiuo's of its kind in 
North Missouri. 

It contains chapel, amj)le recitation rooms, society halls, music 
rooms, studio, chemical and ])hilosophical laboratory, etc., furnished 
and arranged with a view to neatness, comfort and convenience. 

The Academy is located on an elevated and healthful cam])us of 
several acres, in the Southern part of the city. The view from the 
buildincr in every direction is very attractive, bringinii" to the eye of 
the observer a landscape scenery almost unsurpassed in its varied 
beauty and magniticence. 

The grounds of the Academy arc beautifully and tastefully 
arranged and set in ornamental and shade trees, especially adapted to 
outdoor sports, football, tennis, etc. 

The government of the Academy is confided by the Board of 
Directors to the faculty as a body of which the Drincijjal is the execu- 
tive officer. The students are treated as ladies and gentlemen, and are 
expected to conduct themselves as such at all times and places. Every 
endeavor is constantly made to place before the student a high stand- 
ard of conduct to impress them with a sense of their moral obligations 
and to inspire in them a respect and love for the right and a contempt 
for the wrong, so that a resort to penalties may not ))e necessary. 

• Connected with the Academy are two Societies — the Philomathean 
for young ladies, and the Athenian for the young gentlemen, 
which render efficient service in the intellectual and moral culture of 
their members. Every pupil entering the Academy is urged to 
become a member of one of these societies as the training they furnish 
in readiness of oflhand utterance and graceful expression cannot 
easily ])e overestimated. 

The Academy library consists of several hundred valual)le Ijooks 
and is under immediate control of the jn-incij^al. A librarian is ap- 
pointed Avhose duty it is to keep a record of the ])ooks when take from 
the library, when and in what condition returned. Additions are 
constantly Ijeing made to the li])rary by donations and purchases. 

In connection with the library is a reading room, supplied with 
the best English and American reviews, and the most desirable papers 
and magazines, to which all the students have free access. 

The course of study in the Salisbury Academy is intended to em- 
brace the whole range of academic studies and to meet the require- 
ments of admission to the Sophomore classes of the State University. 

1^;'.. . '■'' " »- 






It is the aim of the institution to meet the demand for ti sturdy, prac- 
tical education, "siiflicientl}' rolmst and varied to sui)})ly the business 
needs of all who lack time and opportunity^ for more extended culture,"" 
and at the sanie time prepare the student for the higher and more ex- 
tended education tauo'ht in our collee^es and universities. 

Such a course necessarily embraces the development of })ower; 
the traininjr of the faculties in such a practical way as shall ht them 
for the ordinary business of life; and the thoroujih instruction of the 
mind in those fundamental branches of knowledge which underlie all 

[HARLES M. PRESCOTT. Amono- the successful and proorress- 
ive citizens of Salisbury, Mo., who hold a worthy and well earned 
place in the ccmiidence and respect of their fellow neighbors and 
acquaintances, is the oentleman whose name heads this sketch. Melvin 
E. Prescott, his father, was born at P>randan, Vermont, July 4, l.s4;', 
but at an early date located in 111., where he met and in 1801 married 
Miss Mary J., a daughter of Norman and Susan Mosher, formerly of 
New York, l)ut now honored citizens of Salisbury, IMo. The birth of 
our subject occurred at Clinton, DeKlab county. 111., September 20, 
1861, but when eleven years of age with his parents, located 
in this county. The death of the father occurred January 10, 1S!>2. 
In youth, our subject received a fair education, attending the public 

and assisting his 
ural pursuits in 
ISSI he has been 
in the mercantile 
city meeting with 
at i)resent being 
the lirui of Pres- 
dcalcrs in general 
WMS the good i'oit- 
jecl, Nov. 2;^,, '8;-., 
marriage to Miss 
ter of G. 1*. and 
(See sketch of ¥. 
page 71.) This 
blessed by the 

schools in winter 

father in agricult- 

smiuner. Since 

actively engaged 

business in this 

marked success, 

senior member of 

cott & McCurry, 

merchandise. 1 1 

une of our r.iib- 

to be united in 

Addie R., daugh- 

Unice McCurry. 

B. McCurry on 

union has been 

birth of three children, namely, Georgia, aged 12; Willie, aged 9; and 

Lola, an infant. Religiously, Mr. and Mrs. Prescott have been active 



and consistent nienihcrs of the C. P. church for a number of years. 
Sociall}^ our subject is a worthy member of the Ancient (3rder of 
United Workmen. Politically, Mr. Prescott has never had olHcial a.s- 
perations, yet he has always taken an active interest in political ati'airs, 
sup[)ortino- the principles of the republican party. 

OHN O. DOUGHERTY, the subject of this sketch and a farmer 
'^* by occupation, well and favorably known in Chariton county for 
his personal worth and integ-rit}" of character, was born near 
Fa3ette, Howard coimty. Mo., March 8, 183.5. Joseph Dougherty, 
the father, was a native of Jessamine county, Kentucky. It was in 
that county he met and married Miss Cathrinc Gatewood, which union 
resulted in the birth of three children, of whom our subject was the 
third. It was in 18;>() that they moved t(^ this slate, locatino- near 
Fayette, Mo., where they resided until their death, that of the mother 
occurrino; April 30, 18TC and that of the father July 31, 1831. At an 
early day our sul>ject selected 
farmino- and stock raising as his 
life's occupation, an industry he 
has followed with commendable 
success. On December 1, 1S()(;, 
he was united in marriage to Miss 
Celia l^radshear, a most excellent 
lady of Howard county. Mo. This 
union has been blessed l)y the 
by the birth of six children, as fol- 
lows : Joseph C., 27; AMlliani, 
20; Eliza K., 25; Lil))urn, 22; 
Bettie, 20; and Anna C., now IT 
years of age. It was in 1S83 that 
he movetl to this county, locating 
about six miles southwest of Salis- 
bury, Mo. In I81t3), desiring the 

educational, social and religions -— _J 

advantages of a city and at the 

same time the privileges of continuing his chosen calling, our subject 
disposed of his interests at that point and purchased a beautiful tract 
of land just at the edge of 8alisl)ury, where himself and family have 
since happily resided, enjoying the advantages of both a city and 
country life. 




Political!}', oar subject is a dyed-in-tho-wool democrat, whose 
party loyalty and honesty of conviction has never been questioned. 
lielio;iously, he affiliates with the Christian church. 




nrjALISPAJKY PUBLIC 8CH00L. In none of her public enter- 
r^^ prises docs the city of Stilishury, Mo., feel a juster pride than 
i»^ in her public school. The foundation of her prosperity is the 
energy and intelliaence of her citizens and her pul)lic school consti- 
tutes one of the chief sources of this intelligence. It was established 


in April 1867, in very modest quarters, with an enrollment of one 
hundred and eight. Eight years ago, when the building was burned, 
the numl^er had outgrown the narrow limits of its capacity. The 
citizens with admirable foresight, which su])sequent developments have 
already justified, erected the present magniticent liuilding, at a cost 
of 5?15, 000.00, and now the 375 pupils who daily assemble within its 
walls are not only provided with every facility and convenience for 
prosecuting their studies, 1)ut l)y the elegance of the ])uilding and its 
perfect order and neatness, due to the care and skill of W. H. Richard- 
son, (the best janitor in the state,) no unimportant lesson is impressed 
upon the asthetic part of their mental natures. The prosperity and 
beneficent influence of this school could he nothing short of the very 
highest, with so admiral)le a system of grading and management, and 
with such a corps of teachers conducting it. The simjile truth about 
any one of them would sound like fulsome rhetoric. The most mod- 




1. G. A. HALL. 2. W. R. SLAUGHTER. 3. W. R. SWEENEY. 


ern and most improved methods are employed hy the most skillful 
instructors thiou^hout the entire course, from the j)rimary grade to 
the eio-hth ormde from which students graduate. 

The first room which receives the diminutive but potent autocrat, 
six years old, who has not yet learned to release his grasp on the sce])- 
ter of babyhood with which he has wielded un([uestioned and unlimit- 
ed authority over his parents, is under the management of Miss 
Mildred Trueblood, who is a daughter of Chariton county. The high- 
est compliment that could be paid her skill, patience and tact, is the 
marked success that attends her work in this most delicate and difficult 
of all positions. 

In the 2nd room Miss Hattie Virgin for five years has moulded 
the minds and manners of the class whose age proclaim it in transition 
between enfant terrible and small boy. She is admirably fitted for the 
position, and has met its trying responsibilities in a manner that has 
most deeply imyjressed upon the people of Sulisbury her personal 
worth, and her value as a teacher. 



MISS trui':blood. 

The third room has been occupied by 
Miss Kd;ia Johnson, of Macon City, for two 
years. Siie has proved to be a yoiuiiy lady of 
a hi^'h deo'ree of culture and intelliu:ence; and 
licr linn, strong-, earnest character and her de- 
votion to duty are (jualities that have not only 
been most useful in the school room, but have 
doubtless had nuich to do with securino- the 
host of friends she has made during her stiiy 
in 8alis1)ury. 

The fourth room has been for four 3'ears 
un<ler the control of Miss Lena Forrest. Miss 
Forrest is a native of Chariton county and a laroe |)art of her life has 
been S[)ent in Salisbury. The fact that she has been so lonjj- retained 
and the hioh reg-ard she has won from the 
public, both personally and professional l_y, 
are a well deserved compliment and her re- 
maining so long is a compliment to our city. 

Miss Kate Gallemore, of Howard county, 
has j)resided over the lifth room for three 
years, and it is needless to say she does so^, 
with a high degree of skill. Miss Gallemore |i 
comes of a family of teachers, and a heredi- \ 
tary predilection for the school room in her 
case has proved most fortunate for the edu- 
cational interests of Salisbury and especially miss virgin. ■ 

so for the punils who come under her immediate control. 

The sixth room is in charge of Miss 

Elizal)eth Matthews, formerly of Mexico, Mo. 
Miss Matthews has quite an extensive experi- 
ence in her ]:)rofession and in view of her en- 
vial)le reputation as a teacher and her well 
known a1)ility, which render larger cities so 
eager to employ her, the school board of 
Salisbury has been extremely fortunate in 
securing her assistance. 

For the last six years the seventh room 

has been occupied by Miss Ada Shannon, 

MISS JOHNSON. Miss Shannon is a native of Chariton county 

and one whose worth honors her birth-place, During the six years 



she has ])een connected with this school, her 
efforts have been crowned with the highest 
success, and it is needless to say that the })o- 
sition is hers so lonof as she cares to retain it. 
Salisbury is to be conoratulated upon havino: 
enjoyed her services so lonir- 

Prof. John F. Pratt has been i)rinci[)al 
for five years and has been unanimously re- 
tained for the sixth. No lienor coukl be 
more deservedly conferred, thouoh it must 
1)6 confessed the board Avere })ronipted in 
in their action by their resj;ard for the inter- 
est of Salisbury, and not I)y a desire to compliment the Professor. 
Under his nianao;ement the school has constantly raised the hii^h-water 



mark of its prosperity. In scholarship Prof. Pratt reflects credit 

upon Kirksville Normal Colleu^e, where he 
took the deo-ree of B. S. D. As an instruct- 
or he is emphatically a success; as a disci})lin- 
arian he could hardly be surpassed; as an 
honest, upright, christian gentleman, his 
daily life speaks for him best. The value of 
such ]ierfect sincerity and character so trans- 
parent in its candor, in moulding and 
strengthening character in his pupils, cannot 
be estimated. 

These qualities have been developed by 
an extensive and uniforn'ily successful experi- 
Miss SHANNON. encc in his profession. In the fall of 1886 

after graduation he accepted the principalship of the public school at 



LTtica, Livingston county, Mo, He 
lilled this position so well that the 
position was tendered him aoain, 
but declined for the purpose of ac- 
ceptino- a more lucrative position at 
Breckenrido-e, ten miles away. Here 
he remained two years, and was re- 
elected for the third, hut Hamilton, 
a neio-hhorino- town offered him 
greater* inducements, which he 
thought hcst to accept. After re- 
mainino- two years at this place, he 
accepted his present position at an 
increased salary. It is most earn- 
estly to be hoped that for sometime 
to come richer cities and laro'er sala- 
ries will not succeed in takino- him 
away. The wisdom displayed in se- 
lection of teachers and in theoeneral 
control of the school, is only what is 
naturally to l)e expected of such prof. 

men as have constituted the board for a number of 

J. F. 




yisJHARLES W. SINCxLETON, subject of this sketch, and a gentle- 
f\f\ man well and favorably known in the social and business circles 
^•^ of Chariton county, was ])orn in (Irand River township, Livino^- 
ston county. Mo., March 1.5, 18-12, beino^ the eldest of a family of 
eleven children, the ofisprino- of Daniel and Elizabeth (McDaniel) Sin- 
o-leton. According to history our subject has the honor of being the 
lirst male child born in (irrand River township. The birth of the fath- 
er occurred in Rock Castle county, Kentuck}-, in 1815, but in 1830, 
with his parents, he moved to this state. The mother was a daughter 
of Absalom and Mary McDaniel and was born upon the old Wolfscale 
farm near Switzler's mill, this (Chariton) county. Charles W., our 
subject was l^rought up to a farmer's life and at an early age adopted 
this occupation as his life's employment. At the age of 26 years, he 
was united in marriage to Miss Ann E. Anderson, a daughter of John 
and Elsby (Reyburn) Anderson, early settlers of Roanoke, Howard 
county. Mo. For twelve years following his marriage, our su))ject 
resided in the township of his birth, but on the 3d day of March, 1880 




he moved to this county, locating two and one-half miles west of Salis- 
bury, Mo., where he has since resided. To Mr. and Mrs. Sing'leton 
were born five children, four of whom are now livings, as follows : 
John M., 27; Daniel R., 2.5; Katie J., now Mrs. J. A. Cravens, 23; 
and Jessie, 15 years of age. The death of Mrs. Singleton occurred 
October 15, 1894. The second marriage of our subject occurred Dec. 
.18, 1895, when he was united to Miss Louella Cooley, of near Keytes- 
ville, this county. Two and one-half miles west of Salisbury, Mr. 
Singleton owns a neat, comfortable homestead in a good state of 
of improvement and in excellent condition. His farm embraces 275 
acres of land, viz: 140 acres in cultivation, northwest quarter 5-58-17 
and 135 acres of pasture of northeast quarter 1-53-18. 

Socially, our su])ject is an hf)nored and consistent m(^ml)er of 
Salisbury Lodge, I. O. O. F., 236, while religiously he alliliates with 
the Baptist church. Politically he was reared a democrat and has 
faithfully supported the principles of his party. 

[ENRY T. PHP:LPS. Apart from the worry and bustle of a city, 
peacefidly piu'suing the work of an agriculturist, surrounded ])y 
all the comforts and many of the luxuries of life calcuhxted to 
make pleasant and en]oya])le the days as they pass, our subject, who is 
a young man in the jirime of life witii bright promises of a successful 



future, occupies an enviable posi- 
tion in the social and business cir- 
cles of Chariton county. His birth 
occurred on the farm where he 
now resides, four miles south of 
Salisbury, March 2, 1871, the sec- 
ond child of James R. and Annie 
L. (Snyder) Phelps. The l)irth of 
the father occurred in this county, 
January 81, 1S21>, ))eing a son of 

Thos. J. and Nancy Phelps, natives 
of Madison county, Kentucky. 
His death occurred March 16, '83. 
The birth of the mother also oc- 
curred in this county, being a 
daughter of Michael Henry and 
Minerva Snyder, the former a 
Virginian ])y ])irth and the latter a 
native of Howard county. 
Though reared upon a farm oar su])ject received good school ad- 
vantages, tinishing his education at the Salisbury Academy. Having 
attained his majority, he selected farming as his life's calling, which 
he has since successfully followed, owning 115 acres of the old home- 
stead, section 21:-.53-17. In addition to looking after his farming and 
stock raising interests, our subject, has achieved no limited reputation 
as a ])reeder of tine bred poultry, his yards eml)racing many fine repre- 
sentatives of the Brown Leghorn, Plymouth Rock, and Partridge 
Cochin chickens and Manunoth Bronze Turkeys. 

On March 16, 1892, Mr. Phelps was united in marriage to Miss 
Elizal)eth B., daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D. R. Patterson, of Salisbury, 
Mo. This union has resulted in the birth of one child, Tulsie Laurine, 
a bright little girl now three years of age. Politically, our subject, was 
reared a democrat, the principles of which party he now loyally sup- 
ports. Religiously he has pleasant relations with the Methodist 

JJLIiERT EMMERICH, Mayor of the city of Salisbury, Mo., a 
t!f«^| position tendered him through the public appreciation of the 
high regard and esteem in which he is held by the city of Salis- 
bury, for his excellent business qualitications and integrity of character 



was born near Mascoutah, III., 
May 22, 1859. C. L. P:nimerich, 
father of our subject, was reared 
and educated in Gernian^^ comino- 
to the ITnited States when 21 years 
of ao-e, locatinii; in Illinois, where 
he heUl a number of positions of 
honor and distinction. His death 
occurred in 188S, at the age of IP) 
years. Annie Enunerich, his wife, 
was also a native of (xerniany, her 
death occurrino- in 1878 at the ao-e 
of 61 years. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Emmerich were )>orn ten children, 
seven of whom are now livincr, and 
of which nuiuber, our subject is 
the second youno-est. 

All)ert Enunerich was reared 
upon a farm and in youth received 

a good English education in the public schools, which was supple- 
mented by a two year's course at the Southern Illinois Normal at Car- 
bondale. On leaving College, Mr. Enunerich entered the Jackson- 
ville Business College, of Jacksonville, 111., from which institution he 
graduated in 1881. It was in 1882 that he located at Salisliury, Mo., 
entrasrinof in the mercantile business which he succesfully followed 
until 1893, Daring his residence here, he has l)een thoroughly identi- 
fied with the growth and development of the city, loyally supporting 
any scheme calculated to result beneficially to the town and county in 
which he resices. 

Since entering upon the responsibilities of life for himself our 
subject has been a very fortunate man. The most happy event of his 
life, however, was his union in marriage to Miss Mary PI Ehrhardt, 
of Mascoutah, III., in 1882. This union has resulted in the l)irth of 
three children, as follows: Elenora, deceased, Carl C, now 11 years 
of age, an<l Annie M., now 4 years of age. 

Politically, Mr. Enunerich has never sought official recognition at 
the hands of his party, though he has taken an active interest in the 
discussion of the leading issues of the day, supportimg the principles 
of the re})ul)lican party. Socially, he is a gentleman of genial manners, 
broad in his ideas and liberal in sentiment. 



-V, ^^W . V ,d«v 


[OHN F. ROLLING, proprietor of the Salisljury Machine Shops, 
and a gentleman , of recent location in the city, possessed of a 
high order of intelligence and^business ability, who has not only 
succeeded in building up a hirge and remunerative ])atronage, but who 
has won to a'marked degree the confidence and res})ect of his fellow 
citizens and neighbors, is the gentleman whose name heads this sketch. 
He was born at Quincy, 111., Fel). !29, 1864, the youngest of seven 
children, only two of whom are now living. 

Bernard Rolling, father of our subject and a cooper by trade,^was 
born in Hochtrub, Prussia, while the mother, who in her maidenhood 
was Miss Magdaline Wintz, was a native ofiMaikamer,.Reinbals, Bay- 
ern, Germany. In youth our suliject was given a good education, 
which he finished at St. Mary's School' at Quincy, III. On leaving 
school, Mr. Rolling choose as his profession that of a machinist, which, 
after serving an apprenticeship in the shops of the Central Iron Works 



of his native city, he has since 
followed. Havinof l)een wise- 
ly trained to hal)its of indus- 
try, his intellio-ent self-reli- 
ance have o;ained for hiiu 
success. In ISDi our subject 
eno-ao;ed in business for him- 
self at Monroe, City, Mo., 
where he remained two years, 
when he purchased the shoj) 
of E. A. Chadwick (deceased) 
in this city which he has since 
materially improved and con- 
ducted with o-ratifyino- suc- 

On Oct. 17, 1S90, Mr. 
Kollino; was -united in Mar- 
riajje at Chicajjo, to Miss 
Louisa Bickel, of Quincy, 111. 
and a daus-hted of Ilenrv and 
Annie (Budde) Bickel. Tiiis union has hai)pily resulted in the i)irth 
of two little sons, Bennie, now four and Josei)h, now two years of 
of age. Relio-iously, ^Ir. and Mrs. RoUino-, are consistent members 
of the St. Joseph Catholic church of this city. Socially, our subject 
has pleasant relations with Salislmry Lodge, No. 257, A. O. U. W. 

[MICHAEL WEI EN, a thoroughly industrious, self-reliant gen- 
tlemen, who owes his success in life to his own energy and 
perseverance, was born in Osage county. Mo., April 7, 1S(>7, 
being the fourth of a family of six children of Henry and Mary (Dill) 
Weien. Of this family only two are now living, our subject and a 
sister, now a resident of Osage county. When a youth Mr. Weien 
was given the advantages of a good school. At the age of 17 years, 
having learned the black .mith and wook-workman's trade, our sub- 
ject entered upon the duties of life for himself, following his trade in 
Moniteau, Warren and St. Charles counties, this state. In 1893, hav- 
ing accumulated some means, he purchased the blacksmith and wood- 
work shops of Geo. Hermann, at Salisbury, Mo,, and which were 
destroyed by fire July 7, 1894. A few months after, however, Mr, 



Weien purchased a lot near his first 
location, erectino; a nice commo- 
dious building, 28x50 feet two-story 
high, supplied with all the latest 
tools and appliances for the prose- 
cution of his work. 

On May 2i), 1S'J4, it was the 
good fortune of our subject to ])e 
united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Rosa Ott, daughter of Bartlett and 
Julia Ott, of this county. To 
^Ir. and Mrs. Weien, has been 
born one child, Henry G.. now 18 
months of age. 

Politically, our subject sup- 
l)orts the princij)les of the demo- 
cratic party. Religiously, him- 
self and wife affiliate with St. 
Joseph Catholic church of this 
city, and take and active interest in church work. Socially, Mr. 
Weien is a piers int, companionable gentleman and loyally supports 
any enterprise calculated to benefit his town and county. 




OHN GARHART, one of Chariton county's most prominent and 
\t\ intiiiential farmers and stock dealers, highly esteemed for his 
industry, intelligence and personal worth, was born in Crawford 
county, Ohio, August 23, 1845. ^Martin Garhart, father of our sub- 
ject, was ])orn in Baden, Germany in 1805. In 1835 he emigrated to 
the United States locating in Ohio. The mother of our subject was 
also a native of Baden, Germany, emigrating to the United States up- 
on the same vessel with the gentleman who two years later became her 
husband. To them were born 13 children, 11 of whom lived to reach 
maturity, our subject being the sixth. These good people lived to a 
ripe old age, the death of the mother occurring in July, 1894 and that 

1 .i#';;;i''X;S 


of the father, April 4, 1S0(). In youth our sul)ject received the bene- 
fits of good school training. Upon attaining his majority, he selected 
farming and stock raising as his future occupation, in which he has 
been eminently successful. On the 19th of December, 1872, he was 
united in marriage to Miss Sarah A. Aumiller, a native of Crawford 
county, Ohio, In the following year he emigrated to Chariton coun- 
ty, Mo., locating 4 miles west of Prairie Hill and 6 miles north of 
Salisbury. His present farm, 5 miles north of Salisbury, section 15- 
34-17, embraces 480 acres of line land. In addition to this he now 
owns 14<J acres of fine pasture land in the river bottom, 760 acres in 



Kansas and 160 in 
South Dakota. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Gar- 
hart have been })orn 
tive children, three 
of whom are now 
living; viz, Jen- 
nino-sJ., deceased; 
Cora A., now 21; 
Clarence W., 19; 
Grace J., 13; and 
Sarah E. , deceased. 
FINE BARN OF JOHN GARHART. Socially oiir subject 

is one of Chariton county's most friendly and as^reeable gentlemen, 
whose friends are nuni})ered l)y the numl>er of his acc^uaintances. Re- 
ligiously, he has ]5leasant affiliations with the church of Christ. 

ILUAM H. FAWKS, one of Chariton county's best citizens 
and a gentleman of high character, constant courtesy and rec- 
ognized Inisincss a))ility, was born in Randolph county, Mo., 

21, 18.53, the son of E(hvard H. and Margaret E. Fawks. 

d H., the father, was born at St. Charles, Mo., October 6, 1819 

and with his jjarents moved to this 
county in 1825. It was on July 2, 
1810, that he met and married 
Miss Margaret E. Hardwick, of 
Carroll county. Mo., who bore 
him eleven children, 8 of whom 
are now living, our subject being 
the sixth. The death of the moth- 
er occurred Aug. 1, 1871, while 
the father in the evening of his 
life is now enjoying the pleasures 
of a well spent and useful career. 
To his father, Wm. H., our sub- 
ject, is indebted for the advantages 
of a good education which he fin- 
ished at the old Mt. Pleasant Col- 
lege of Huntsville, Mo., in '71 and 
'76. Leaving school be engaged 

Ed war 





in faniiino; for two years, whicli he abandoned to accept a clerical 
})ositi()n in a mercantile establishment at Salisliury. In 1881 he 
opened a stock of :^oods at Prairie Hill for L. C. Moore, then at Salis- 
bury, since when he has continually devoted his time and attentit)n to 
this business, the first five years as manatrer and since as proprietor. 
As the villao^e grew in importance as a tradino; point, so has his pat- 
ronage, until now his establishment is recotrnized as one of the perma- 
nent fixtures of the county. 

March 19, 1881 occurred the marriage of our su1)iect to Miss 
Annie L. McCrary, then of this comity, but formerly of Randolph 
county. This union has resulted in the birth of two children, namely, 
Russella, aged 11 and Ethlyn, now seven. Religiously, our sul)ject is 
a number of the M. E. church South, while Mrs. Fawks affiliates with 
the Missionary Baptist. Politically, Mr. Fawks is a conscientious, fear- 
less, partisan democrat of the true western type. Fraternally, he is a 
charter member of Prairie Hill lodge, A. F. & A. M. 

fOHN W. CARLSTEAD, a resident of Prairie Hill, Mo., and a 
young man highly esteemed for his industry, intelligent and 
genial manner, was born near Huntsville, Randolph county, Mo., 

February 6, 1869, the eldest of nine children of Wm. F. and Nancy A. 

(Fawks) Carlstead, Wm, F., tlie father was a native of Prussia, but 



an early settler of this county. 
The mother was horn and reared 
in Chariton coinit3\ They now 
reside near Sumner, Mo., enjoy- 
ino- the confidence and respect of 
a laro;e circle of accfuaintances. 
In youth, after com})letino; the 
course of the pul)lic schools, our 
sul)ject finished his education at 
Collecre Mound colle.o;e in 1886. 
The foHowino; year he engfased in 
ao-riculture. In 1S89 he enofaffed 
iti the clothintr business at Prairie 
Hill, with 8. F. Trammel, of 
8alishury, where he remained for 
one year. Mr. Carlstead then 
returned to the farm for another 
year or so. For the past two years 

he has been associated with J. M. Farris, at Prairie Hill, in the hard- 
ware business, the style of the firm beino; Farris & Carlstead, success- 
ors to Wrio;ht & Farris. These 2:entlemen carry a laro^e and varied 
stock of hardware, and enjoy a a;f)od and rapidly increasino; patronao^e. 
They credit their success to the fair and courteous treatment which 
they accord their customers. 

Mr. Carlstead is a mem])er of the M. E. Church, South, and the 
Modern Woodmen and Knights of Equity fraternities. Politically he 
affiliates with the Democratic party. Pieino; an afi'able and courteous 
o^entleman he makes friends of all his acquaintances. 

[ESSE O. RICHARDSON, an enterprisinor, proorressiv^e youncr 
business man of Prairie Hill, Mo., where he has succeeded in 
establishino; a reputation for business capacity, honesty and 
geniality that might be envied by older citizens, was born in Wayland 
township, this county, Nov. 1.5, 1871, ])eing the second of five children 
f)f John F. and Annie B. Richartlson. The father is also a native of 
Chariton county, his birth occurring in 1839. The mother, whose 
maiden name was Conrad, was born in Pennsylvania, but with her 
parents, located in this county when twelve years of age. 

Being reared upon a farm, our su))ject received the usual school 
advantages of a farmer lad, attending school in winter and assisting 



iij)on the farm in summer. Dur- 
ino- the past six years he has been 
eno^ao-cd in the drno; business at 
Prairie Hill, the first five j^ears in 
a clerical capacity, and since as 
proprietor, ])eino; associated with 
A. (t. Sears (sec sketch elsewhere.) 
These o;entlemen carry a most 
credital)le stock of g^oods and en- 
joy a lucrative patronage. Social- 
ly, our su])ject is a member of the 
A. F. & A. M., Modern Woodman, 
and Knio-hts of Equity fraternities, 
and has always taken an active in- 
terest in fraternal work. Kcli- 
o-iously, our subject is a consistent 
meml)er of the Methodist church. 
Politically he was roared a demo- 
crat, and has loyally supported the 

principles of that party, with true Jeffersonian fidelity. 




^ JTEPHEN D. BROCKMAN, a o-entleman who by his mcreasmg 
""^ industry, sobriety and thrift has succeeded in winnino; the con- 
fidence and respect of all who know him, was born near Bynuni- 
ville, Chariton county, Mo., July 5, 1857. The birth of the father, 
,Iohn F. Brockman, occurred in Kentucky in lS2i). With his parents, 
in the 30's, he moved to Howard county. Mo., and in the 40's located 
near Bynumville, Chariton county. It was in 1854 that he met and 
married Miss Elizal)eth Dille, a native of Indiana, which union result- 
ed in the ])irth of six children, three boys and three o-irls, all of whom 
are now livino;, and of which numl)er our sul)ject is the second oldest. 
Thouo^h reared upon a farm a\ ith limited educational advantao^es, our 
subject, being possessed of a quick, active intellio-ence, and of an in- 

quirino;, enero^etic disposition, in 
the conmion schools he did attend, 
succeeded in acquirino; an excellent 
practical Eno-Hsh education. On 
leavino- school our subject eno-aged 
in farmino- and stock raisino- until 
's7 when he accepted the office of 
deputy under county Sherili', O. 
1). Anderson. One year later he 
cno-ao-ed in the mercantile business 
at P>ynuniville, enjoyinof a gof)d 
patronao-e untiPDl, when he dis- 
posed of his interests there, to en- 
uao-c in the same business at Prai- 
rie Hill, where he has since re- 
sided, beinof associated with Mr. 
Frank Kramer. These g;entlemen 
carry an excei)tionally nice stock 
of ojoods for a rural villao-e and have built up a large and enviable pat- 

April 2, '89 our subject was united in marriage to Miss Gertrude 
Hoyle, of Chariton county, but formerly of Kentucky. Miss Hoyle's 
parents were originally from Hanover, England. This union has been 
Idessed by the birth of two children, namely, Edith, now six and 
Clarence four years of age. Socially, Mr. lirockman is an honored 
and enthusiastic member of a numl)er of fraternal organizations, chief- 
ly among which are the Ancient, Free & Accepted Masons, Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias. Politicall}", he 




was reared democratic and has faithfully supported his party's princi- 
ples. Religiously, he affiliates with the Baptist church. 

If AMES D. McADAMS, M. D., an able and successful physician 
I and sur2:eon, who enjoys an extended practice in Wayland and 
™ adjoinino; townships, deservedly commands the esteem and con- 
fidence of the community in which he was Ijorn and reared from child- 
hood to the usefulness and honor of his mature manhood. He was 
born on a farm 2 miles east of Salislniry, Chariton county, Mo. Oct. 
30, 1857, the youncrest of a family of nine children of John P. and 
Maro;aret D. (Towels) McAdams, who moved to this state from Vir- 
o;inia in 1836, the father ])eing a pioneer Missionary Baptist minister. 
His death occurred Dec. 24, 1893, his wife having preceeded him to 
the grave 21 years. In youth our subject was given the advantages of 
a good education, finishing with a three years course under Prof. O. 
Root, of Salisl)ury, Mo., from '72 to '7.5, teaching three terms of 
school Ijetween sessions. It was in March, '78 that our sul)ject began 
the study of medicine by reading under the late Dr. T. P. Perkinson, 
finishing at the Missouri Medical College of St. Louis, March 2, 1881. 
On leaving school, our sul)ject first located near Conrad school house, 
where he remained 9 years, enjoying a goodly clientage, and success- 
fully conducting a farm. In 1888 it was the privilege of Dr. Mc- 



Adams to take a Post Graduate 
course at the Polyclinic and Hos- 
pital of St. Louis. In 1890 he lo- 
cated at Prairie Hill where he has 
succeeded in huildino- up a large 
and pay in o; patronafje. The first 
niarriao;e of our subject occurred 
Dec. 15, 1881, when he was united 
to Miss Alice 15., second dauo:hter 
of Edward .1. Prather, of Muscle 
Fork township. To this union 
were horn three children, viz., 
Clarence E., 12; Myrtle M., 9; and 
John Marvin, now 6 years of ao^e. 
The death of the mother occurred 
Jan. 29, 1893. The second union 
of our subject occurred April 3, 
189.5, when he was married to Miss 
Rosa Hubbard, of Renick, Randolph county. This union has been 
blessed l)y the birth of one child, an infant now 6 months of ao^e. 

Socially, Dr. McAdams is an honored member of the A. F. & A. 
M., Kniorhts of the Maccaliees and Modern Woodmen of America. 




Professionally, he is an active and influential member of the Charit(^n 
County Medical Association, of which he is an ex-President; Moberly 
District Medical Association; North Mo. Medical Association and Mo. 
State Medical Association. In addition to his many other duties our 
subject is examinino; physician for a number of old line insurance com- 
panies, chief amonc: others, the New York Life, Mutual and Equitable. 
Relio:iously, he afli Hates with the Missionary I^>aptist church; in which 
he holds the oflice of clerk, likewise Superintendent of the Sunday 
school. In political convictions, Dr. McAdams is a pronounced 

Franklin J. ELLIS. Another one of those successful men and 
excellent citizens of whom this county contains so many, who 
commenced in life without means or advantages, and who have 
risen almost alone l)y their own exertions and intellio;ence, to com- 


potency and a worthy position in the esteem of their respective com- 
munities, is the o-entleman whose name heads this .sketch. Able to 
make money anywhere, at everything, and at all times, he makes 
friends wherever he goes, and even more rapidly than he accunudates 
the solid wherewithal of prosperity. Mr. Ellis is a native of Missouri, 
born in the northern i)art of Chariton county March 10, 1862, and was 


a son of Abraham Ellis, an enterprisino; and successful cabinet maker 
and farmer, who was also a native of this state. He died Nov. 2, 1881 
The mother, whose maiden name was Susan Katherine Douo-hty, the 
dauo-hter of Wm. J. Douo'hty, a Tennesseeian who settled in Missouri 
in 18.50, is yet livins^. Mr. Ellis, the subject of this sketch, was reared 
to a farm life, and received a o;ood common school education as he 
o;rew up. Upon attainins: his majority, in 1883, he embarked in the 
saw millino; business, which he followed for a number of years, meet- 
ino; with c()mmonda))le success. For a nund)er of years, Mr. Ellis has 
been permanently located at (xuthridoi'e Mill, a little villao;e 7 miles 
north of Keytesville, situated upon the bank of the Muscle Fork river, 
and of which he is the sole owner. Throuo;h his untirino; energy and 
relentless industry our subject has succeeded in acfjuiring a s^oodly 
share of this world's o^oods. At this point, he owns 320 acres of land, 
nearly all of which is in a hio;h state of cultivation and successfully 
oi)erated by our subject. One hundred and sixty acres of this track 
lies in the river ))ottom, composed of a black, rich imperishable soil 
several feet in depth, capable of producino; anythino; desired, and is 
enclosed by a strono- levy that has successfully defied all overflows 
since erected. 

In addition to this land, Mr. Ellis owns SO acres of fine land in 
section 31-32-18. Aside from farminor and stock raising;, he has other 
interests at the above villatje which receive his personal attention. 
Here he conducts a store, that for the stock of oroods carried and the 
trade it enjoys, reflects credit upon his enterprise and the communi- 
ty in which he resides. A first-class blacksmith shop and a mill that 
turns out at article of meal that can not be excelled, are other 
sucessful enterprises conducted l)y our subject. In carryino- on the 
above l)usiness, Mr. Ellis furnishes employment to some ten to twenty 
assistants the entire year. 

While a man with an eye to his own interest, which he is abound- 
antly able to take care of, our sul)ject is also a man not a little con- 
cerned for the welfare of the county and the comnumity in which he 
resides, and has ])een of o;rcat service as a citizen in auo:uratino; and 
promptino^ movements for the o;eneral good. Personally he is whole- 
souled and genial, and is popular with everybody. Of an open, gener- 
ous disposition and a kind word for everyone, he knows how to enjoy 
health and financial success. No man is more highly thought of by 
those who know him. Politically, he affiliates with the Republican 




#AMP2S T. KASP^Y, M. D., a worthy representative of an old and 
distinofuished family, was born in Brecknirido;e county, Ken- 
tucky, April 21), 1833. Sino-leton Lyle Kasey, father of our sub- 
ject and a farmer by occupation, was born near Li])erty, liedfoid 
county, Va., Oct. 1, 1706. At an early day he emigrated to Kentucky 
and in 1867 to Macon county, Mo., where his death occurred, March 
27, 1875. Alexander Kasey, Sr., grandfather of our sul)ject, was also 
a native of P>cdford county, Va., while James Kasey Sr., the o^reat- 
grandfather, was a native of Ireland. The latter was a soldier in the 
Revolutionary War and participatetl in the Battles of Guilford Court 
House, (Gates"' Defeat) and was present at the surrender of Lord 
Cornwallace at Yorktown. Miss Frances Tinslcy Boatwright, mother 
of our subject, was a dauohter of ,James l)oat\vrioht, a farmer on the 
Cumberland River, Va., but an early settler of Kentucky. Her union 
with S. L. Kasey, Sr., resulted in the birth of four children, three 
sons and a dauohter, all livino-, James T. being the second youngest. 
Mrs. Kasey's death occurred Jan. 2.5, 186.5. 

Though reared upon a farm, our sul)ject was given a liberal edu- 
cation in the select schools of Kentucky, finishing with a collegiate 



course at St. Mary's CoUeo^c, of 
Marion county, Ky. From 1856 
to \VS he was enjjao;ed in teaching- 
in his native state. It was in '(j(> 
that he settled in this state, locat- 
ing in Marrow townshi|), Macon 
county, at a point since known 
as Kaseyville, where for ten 
years lie was engaged in tiie mer- 
cantile l)usiness and farming, 
associated with his ))rother, S. L. 
Kasey Jr., present rejjresenta- 
tive of Macon county. Upon 
retiring from the mercantile bus- 
iness our sul)ject devoted his un- 
divided time to farming and the 
l)ractice of his chosen profession 
until 1891, meeting with eminent 
success. On Feb. 22, 1872, our sul)ject was united in marriage to 
Miss Martha C. Gross, a native of Hardin county, Ky. To tiiera 
were born one child. Miss Nannie Tinsley Kasey. Mrs. Kasey's death 
occurred Feb. 23, 1873. Since Nov. 29, 1891, Dr. Kasey, daughter 
and widowed sister, Mrs. Eliza W. McCans, have resided in SalisJ^ury, 
Mo. , enjoying the confidence and respect of the best people of the 
community. In the sunnner of '92, our subject purchased a half in- 
terest in the clothing estal)lishnient since known as Trammel & Kasey, 
in which he has met with gratifying success. Personally, our subject 
is a gentleman of industry, good education and excellent business 
qualifications, thoroug;hly identified with the best interests of the com- 
numity in which he resides. Politically, he has always supported the 
principles of the Democratic party. 

[ILLIAjNI W. CxVRLSTEAD. Among the enterprising, pu])lic 
spirited citizens of Muscle Fork township, the subject of the 
present sketch occupies a deservedly enviable position. He 
was born in Randolph county, Mo., June 12, 1867, being the second of 
a family of five chiklren. Christian Carlstead, the father, was ])orn in 
Prussia in 1836, comino- to the United States when 13 years of age. 
Mary Uarlstead, the mother was born in the Kingdom of ikvaria, 



June 26, 1S30, the daughter of 
Gotleib P. Klink. When twenty 
years of ao^e, her parents having 
previously died, she came to the 
New World, acconi])anied by her 
brother, Philip Klink, locating 
in Rantlolph county. It was two 
years after her arrival, Nov. 1), 
1861, that she was united in mar- 
riage to the father of our sul)ject. 
His death occurred November, 
IS, 1877. William W. was rear- 
ed upon a farm and lirought up to 
farm duties. In youth he was 
given the advantages of a good 
English education, in the pul)- 
lic schools of hLs native coun- 
ty. On January 29, 18'JO he was 
united in marriage to Miss Bettie 

D. Oldham, youngest daughter of John G. Oldham, now deceased. 
To them have been born one child, Karleen, a bright little daughter, 
now three years of age. In 1891, our su))ject having dissmissed farm- 
ing as an occupation, located at Musselfork, where he engaged in the 
grocery and drug business, and through his excellent lousiness capacity 
and his genial good nature and affinity of manner has not only l)uilt up 
a large and remunerative patronage, but has won ft)r himself the con- 
fidence and esteem of his connnunity. In addition to the above named 
duties, Mr. Carlstead performs the duties of Postmaster and Justice 
of the Peace of his village. 

"AMES G. GALLEMORE, the gentleman whose physiognomy ac- 
companies this sketch and editor and proprietor of the Sdlishur!/ 
Press- Spectator, was Imrn in Howard county, Mo., near Glasgow, 
May 25, 1862, the eldest of a family of ten children ('.» now living) of 
W. S. and Mary (rallemore. The father is a Kentuckian ))y birth, 
while the mother was born and reared in Howard Co. They now re- 
side upon the old homestead, near Glasgow, enjoying the fruits of a 
happy and well spent life. 

Reared upon a farm the greater portion of our sul^ject's early 
education was received in the district public schools. In 1883 he located 



at Salisbury, Mo. , purchasino; half 
interest in the above paper, in the 
spring of the followino; year pur- 
chasino; the reniainino; half. Under 
his control the paper has not only 
been o:reatly enlarged and the 
plant substantially improved l)ut 
the circulation has Ijeen more than 
doubled and the l)usiness other- 
wise increased, throuofh his untir- 
ino; energy and industry. In 
speaking of Mr. Gallemore in con- 
nection with his paper, a recent 
writer has said : ' 'The desire of 
his heart is to get out a good 
county paper ; one that can go in- 
to the homes of this and adjoining 
counties and be received, read and 
paid for with ])leasure. He makes no pretentions at business save that 
of journalism." It is a i)leasure to add that his efforts are meeting 
with success. 

On the 17th of November, 1SS7, our subject was happily united in 
marriao-e to Miss Ella G. Trent, a daughter of the late Jacob W. 
Trent, for many years a j)roniinent and influential citizen of this coun- 
ty. Mr. Gallemore and wife are the fond parents of one child, Roy 
Trent, a bright little sou now about one year of age. The accompa- 
nying picture was taken at five 
months of age. 

Religiously, himself and wife are 
consistent memljers of the Christian 
church and take active interest in the 
cause of Christ. 

Politically, Mr. Gallemore was 
born and reared a democrat and has 
not only supported the principles of 
that party at the polls, but has zeal- 
ously and fearlessly expounded de- 
mocracy's cause through the columns 
of his paper. 



















ORTH MISSOURI INSTITUTE. The much favored and blest 
city of Salisbury is not more fortunate in any of her acquired 
benetits than in l)eing the seat of this worthy institution of learn- 
ino;. North Missouri Institute, a co-educational, undenominational 
school of hio-her education, while enjoyino; its home of rare advan- 
tages and adaptability, is more than a Salisbury institution. The 
scope of its labors and patronage is implied in its name, more than a 
half dozen counties in North Missouri contributing regularly their 
quota of knowledge-seeking young men and women to its walls, and 
frequently the names of other states being found upon its roll of stu- 
dents. The school" is a highly successful one in every sense — in the 
variety, (juality and thoroughness of the work done, in its discipline, 
in its moral and religious tone, and in its financial management. Its 
value to the connnunity in attracting into its midst large numbers of 
students and patrons and in disseminating influences of culture and 
refinement is at once apparent, and explains the pre-eminent popular- 
ity which it enjoys. 

^; The history of North Missouri Institute will ever be inseperably 
linked with the name of Prof. G. C. Briggs, A. B., its founder, and at 
this writing, its principal. His labors, fraught with many trying dif- 
ficulties and bearing the marks of conflict, have indelibly stamped him 
upon the educational growth and development of Chariton county, in 
particular, as the pioneer in this work, as faithful, arduous and compe- 
tent, as a great benefactor. . In Sei)tember, 1888, Prof. Briggs came 
from his native state. North Carolina, to take charge of Salisbury 
Academy, located at Salislniry, Mo. This marked the beginning of 
the general awakening and growth of the higher educational spirit in 
Chariton county. There was serious solicitude in the outset as to 
whether he could succeed with his enterprise in a raw and uncultivated 
field. But succeed it did, surpassing even the hopes of its friends, un- 
der his able management; and after three years of continuous advance- 
ment in this relation, he, in 1891, founded the North Missouri Insti- 
tute, where his work has iminterruptedly moved on to greater and 
more glorious achievements. 

Prof. Briggs is a graduate of Wake Forest College, generally con- 
sidered the greatest college of the South; and some of his graduating 
class-mates rank among the most distinguished men of the nation. 
North Missouri Institute does a comprehensive work. Besides the 
regular English, Scientific and Classical schools, including Modern 
Languages, Latin and Greek, there are the epecia] departments of 












Music, Art, Elocution and Physical Culture, Business and Short-hand, 
and Military, each under competent and thoroughly trained specialists. 
There is a well equipped chemical lal^oratory, and a large, carefully 
selected library. Two good, strong literary societies are maintained, 
one each for young men and young ladies, respectively. The Board- 
ing Department for young ladies, under personal direction and over- 
sight of the principal and his wife, is an ideal home and meets a popu- 
lar demand. The grounds, in the southern part of the city, are beau- 
tifully located and present an attractive appearance. 

[p^DUTHAN VAN BTSKIKK, a prominent and enterprising citi- 
zen of Clark township, was born in Knox county, Ohio, Oct., 2, 
1842, a son of Sanuiel and Elizabeth (Hues) Van Buskirk. At 
the death of his father in 184!>, our sul)ject was taken by an uncle to 
rear, who brought him to Andrew county, this state, in 1850. There 


he was reared to manhood upon a farm, receiving a good ordinary ed- 
ucation. In 1862 he went to Colorado where he first engaged in 
"freighting" and later in "ranching," meeting with prosperous suc- 
cess. In 1882 he disposed of his interest there and returning to this 
state, locating, in Clark township, at a point commonly known as 
Long's Mill. Here Mr. Van Buskirk owns 117 acres of valuable land, 
which he cultivates with profit. Aside from farming and stock rais- 



ing, he is the proprietor of ii kirfje and flourishino^ patent roller flour- 
ing mill, which is a standing monunient to the enterprise and progress- 
ive spirit of its owner and founder. This mill ])rior to '94 was an or- 
dinary water grist mill, but in that year it was remodeled throughout, 
enlarged and supplied with three stands of rollers, a 35-horse power 
engine and 40-horse power boiler, made by the Aerial Iron Works, 
having a capacity of 35 l)arrels per day. At this establishment an ex- 
cellent article of flour is turned out, giving entire satisfaction to its 
many patrons. 

In Septem])er, 1874, our subject was united in marriage to Miss 
Grace A. Sanders, then of Iowa, but formerly of Ohio. To them have 
been born two children, Grace E. and William Elljert, who yet reside 
at home. Mr. Van Buskirk has led an honorable, useful, industrious 
career and enjoys the unstinted confldence and respect of his fellow 
neighbors and acquaintances. 

'DWARD M. WILLIAMS, JR. Among the promising young 
business men of Salisbury, possessed of superior lousiness (jualiti- 
cations, good education and thorough energy and enterprise, who 
have led a life of great activity, directed by singular good business 
judgment, is the gentlemen whose name heads this sketch. His birth 
occurred two and one-half miles 
southeast of Salisbury, July 4, 
1867, the eldest son of M. R. and 
F. E. Williams, [see sketch on 
|)age 45.] Reared upon a farm 
and educated in the })ul)lic school, 
in 1884 he chose the i)rofession of 
a journalist as a calling for his 
life's occu})ation and in the fall 
accepted a position upon the Press- 
Spectator^ of Salis])ury, Mo., then 
owned by Disnudves&Gallemore. 
While with these gentlemen our 
subject took occasion to master 
the mechanical art of ths news- 
paper business, so as to better 
qualify him for the work in view, 
in which he was certainly success- 
ful, In J 688 our subject took 



charo;e as editor and manager of the Eale^^rue^ pu))lishedat Norborne, 
Mo., where he remained one year, croino- from there to New London, 
Kails county, where he assumed conti'ol of the Kails County Gaide. 
In 1890 Mr. W. accepted a position with the J. West Goodwin Ptof. 
Co, of Sedalia, where he remained for three years. From there he 
made a. tour of the south, holdino; a number of pleasant and lucrative 
positions with various papers, endino; in Arkansas City, Ark., where 
he assumed control of the EntrrpriKe. His next newspaper exper- 
ience was at Kichmond, Mo., where he started the Ddily Review^ hut 
afterwards relincpiished it to accept a position at his home city (Salis- 
bury.) At present he is eno-ao-ed as city editor of the Salisbury Dem- 
nrrat, where his efforts to publish a clean, newsy paper are justly ap- 
l)reciated by his many friends throuohout the county. 

Politically, our subject is a democrat, and has ever been loyal in 
in his adherence to the princii)les of his party, alw.-iys takinof an in- 
tcliio-ent interest in the important questions of the day. In social 
attiliations he is identihcd with the Knio-hts of Pvthias order. 

OHN N. DOLIGIITY, a successful and substantial citizen and far- 
'^^ mer of Muscle Fork township, was born in Knox county, Ky., 
April 7, 1837, beino; the eldest of a family of ten children (8 now 
living-), of Wm. J. and Susan C. (Fox) Doughty. Wm. J., the father, 



was born in Hancock county, Tennessee, July 26, 1807. It was in 
Knox comity, Ky., that he met, and on Feb. 26, 1836 married Miss 
Fox. In 1850 'pere Doughty and family emigrated to Missouri, k)cat- 
ing in Chariton county where they resided until their death, that of the 
father occurring April 8, 1880 and the mother Dec. 27, three years lat- 
er, elohn N., our sul)ject, was reared upon a farm and at an early day 
adopted farming as his life's occupation, which he has since successful- 
ly followed. The first marriage of our subject occurred Jan. 10, 1861, 
when he was united to Miss Cassie Shoemaker, a native of this county. 
To this union was given two children, Wm. A. and LucyC, deceased. 
The death of Mrs. Doughty occurred Nov. 8, ^QQ. The second union 
of our subject occurred Sept. 6, 1868, when he was married to Miss 
Emma F. Hart, a daughter of Thos. and Minerva Hart, early settlers 
of Chariton county. This union was blessed by the birth of .5 chil- 
dren, only two now living, namely; Fredrick G., now 19, and Corrie 
F. aged 16 years. Mr. Doughty suffered the loss of his second wife 
Dec. 1, 1887. 

As previously stated, Mr. D. has always engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. His present farm consists of 80 acres, sec. 21-55-18, upon 
which he settled in 1861 and where he has since continuously resided. 
In addition to farming, he conducts the only hotel at the village of 
Musselfork, an establishment that always furnishes its guests with 
plenty of wholesome food and well kept rooms. Politically our sub- 
ject has been a life-long democrat, while religiously he has faithfully 
followed the teachings of the M. E. church. 

[LFRED H. smith, subject of this sketch and a prominent 
yf citizen and merchant of Musselfork, was born one mile north of 
his present residence, January 1, 1853, the sixth member of a 
a family of nine children of James F. and Wilhelmenia A. Smith. 
James F., the father, was a native of Tennessee and an early settler 
of Missouri, coming to this state when 11 years of age. For many 
years he was prominently identified with the early growth and devel- 
opment of the county, and contributed materially of his energy^ indus- 
try and intelligence towards its advancement. His death occurred in 
1870. The mother of our subject, was born 'in Copenhagen, Denmark, 
and with her parents, John F. and Helen (Benjamin) Chrane, came to 
the United States in 1830, locating at Keytesville, she then being four- 
teen years of age. Her death occurred August 1887. Alfred H. 
Smith, our sul)ject, was reared upon a farm and brought up to agri- 




cultural pursuits, in which* occupation, upon attaining his majorit}^ 
he engaged for a number of years. In j^outh he received the adv an- 
tages of good district school, receiving a practical education that has 
since proven quite beneficial in conquering the l)attles of life. For a 
number of years past he has been engaged in the merchandise business 
at Musselfork, enjoying a reasonaljly fair patronage as well as the 
confidence and respect of his friends and neighl)ors. 

Mr, Smith has been twice married, his first wedding having occur- 
red in 1883, when he was united to Miss Sophonie J. Harlan, of Ran- 
dolph county, whose death occurred in the spring of '85. On the 23d 
of March, 1888 he was married to Miss Marv E, Brockman of Ran- 
dolph county. This union resulted in the birth of three children, as 
follows : Leonie V., Feb. 20, '89; Obed W., May 31, '90 and Laura 
A., Dec. 18, '92. Politically, our subject supports the principles of 
the Peoples' Party, while religiously he aftiliates Avith theHolliness, or 
Chin-ch of Christ. Mrs. Smith afliliates with the Missionary Baptist. 

HARLES A. CLARKSON, though a young man less than thirty 
years of age, occupies a prominent and honorable position among 
the enterprising and progressive citizens of Chariton county, 
having a just cause to be satisfied with his past, and to look with hope 
for a more than ordinarj^ prosperous future. He was Ijorn near Lex- 



inofton, 'Rockbridge county, 
Va., June 27, 1867, but in 
the followino- sprino-, with his 
parents, moved to this county 
locating in Mnscle Fork, (See 
sketch on page 92) where 
he grew to manhood, receiv- 
ing the advantages of a good 
echication, in the English 
branches of the public school, 
sii})plemented by a course 
at the State Normal at War- 
rens))urg,. which he finisned 
in 1886. At the age of 17 
years our subject, began 
teaching as an occupation, 
which he continued for nine 
terms, giving excellent satis- 
faction, to students and pa- 
trons alike. In January, 
1893, Mr. Clarkson erected a suitable building at Dawkins' bridge. 
Sec. 18-54-18, upon the Chariton river, and opened up a stock of dry 
goods and groceries, to which he has since profitably devoted his time 
and attention. Through the instrumentality of C. M. Eccles, at that 
time deputy postmaster at Salisbury and for whom it was afterwards 
named, our sul)iect secured the establishment of a post-office at that 
point, ))eing commissioned postmaster by John Wannamaker, 1st 
Assistant Postmaster General under the Harrison admistration. 

Mr. Clarkson is to be congratulated uj^on his success in securing 
the establishment of this office at that point, as it has proven to be of 
great convenience. 

On the 24th of December, 1890, Mr. Clarkson was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Annettie B. Chapman, a daughter of Kdman A. and 
Ann H. (Chrane) Chaplnan, highly esteemed and influential citizens of 
this county. To this union union has been given one child, Chloe A., 
a bright little daughter, whose birth laccurred September 5, 1893. 
Personally, our subject is a gentleman of high character and of a gen- 
erous disposition, highly esteemed by his friends and acquaintances 
throughout the county. Politically, he is a strong advocate of the 
democratic party. 




ILIVP^R McETEN, M. D., an able physician and a skillful siir- 
oreon of Shannondale, Mo., thorouo;hly versed in the knowledg-e 
and (hi ties of his profession, was l^orn near Koche))ort, Boone 
county, Mo., November 14, 18(i6. H. G. McEiien, father of our sub- 
ject, was born in Montffomery county. Mo., March 23, 1838. In her 
maidenhood, the mother was a Miss Mattie Richards, of Boone county. 
By her union to Dr. H. G. McEuen, in 1864, nine children were born, 
four now living:, our subject being the eldest. Soon after his marriage 
Dr. McEuen and family located upon a farm in Muscle Fork township, 
this county, where Oliver grew to manhood. The father, being a 
o-entleman of excellent education, accorded his children the advantages 
of the best schools at hand. Upon completing the course of the pub- 
lic school at home our subject matriculated at the Prichett Institute 
of Glasgow, Mo., where he remained for two years, going from there 
to St. Charles college, 8t Charles, Mo. , which he attended an equal 
time. Having previously chosen the practice of medicine as his occu- 
pation in life, our su])ject in 1SS7 began its study at Columbia, Mo., 
having attained considerable progress l)y a course of reading at home 
under the direction of this father. After one year at the University, 
he entered the St. Louis College of Physicians and Surgeons, from 
which institution he graduated with becoming honors in the spring of 



1889. On leavino- school he locat- 
ted at Musselfork, amid the 
scenes of his l)oyhood, where he 
enjoye<l a rennnierative patron- 
ao'e until Novemlier '91, when he 
moved to Shannondale. In addi- 
to a substantial clientage, oursnl)- 
ject is the proprietor of the only 
drus: establishment in his villaofe, 
which enjoyes a good patronage. 

Personally, Dr. McEuen is a 
young man thoroughly devoted 
to his profession, a valual)le 
member of the Chariton County 
Medical Society and a member of 
Methodist church. Politically, 
Dr. McEuen is a staunch supporter 
of the democratic party and 
takes a particular interest in local, state and national issues of general 




U|iii|SHLEY G. SEARS. Anionor the highly honored and reputable 
^^mfl young business men and citizens of Prairie Hill, worthy of the 
confidence and respect of the community in which they reside, 
none stand higher in the estimation of the pul)lic than the gentleman 
whose name heads this sketch. He was born near liolling Home, 
Randol})h county, Apiil 22, 1870, the youngest memlier of a family of 
five children of Levi and Rebecca Sears. The father of our subject 
was also a native of Randolph county, his l)irth having occurred 

near Mt. Airy Mo., in 1829, 
while the mother, whose maiden 
name was Ash, was l)orn in Mon- 
roe county. Their marriage oc- 
curred in 1857. They now reside 
near Rolling Home, Mo., enjoying 
the good will and respect of their 
neigh l)ors and acquaintances. 

Ashley G., our subject, was 
reared upon a farm and attended 
the district public school, complet- 
ing his education in 1892 and '93 
at the North Missouri Institute, of 
Salisbury, Mo. On leaving school 
Mr. Sears accepted a clerical posi- 
tion in the mercantile establish- 
ment of W. H. Fawks, at Prairie 
Hill, Mo., with whom he remained 
nearly three years. For the past 
year he has been engaged in the drug business at Prairie Hill, being 
associated with Jesse O. Richardson, a sketch of whom appears else- 
where. These gentlemen carry a nice stock of goods and enjoy a nice 
patronage. Religiously, our subject is a memljer of the Regular Bap- 
tist church. Politically, he supports the principles of the democratic 
party. Socially, he is a valuable member of the A. F. & A. M., K. of 
E., and K. of M. fraternities in which he takes an active interest for 
their respective upbuilding. 

||i/RED REPPENHAGEN, a representative of that large class of 

litf citizens of German birth with whom Chariton county has been 

so richly favored and whose industry, enterprise and frugality 

has proven so valuable in the building up and develop ment of the 



county, was born in Schwerin, Mecklinburg, (Terniany, July 10, 1817. 
In 1856, accompanied by his parents, John and vVnna Reppenha<yen, 
our sultject came to the United States, locating; in St. Clair county. 111., 
where he resided until the fall of 187<». John Reppenhao-en, the father, 
was a farmer by occupation. In boyhood, Fred was o-iven the advan- 
tao;e of a o-ood school and at an early ag-e learned the harness maker's 
trade In Auo^ust of 1868 he was united in marriaoe to Mary Km- 
merich, a daughter of C. L. and Annie Emmerich, for many years 
prominent citizens of St. Clair county, 111. To Mr. and Mrs. Rep- 
penhao-en have been born seven children, six ))oys and and one ffirl, 
all livino-, as follows: Charlie L., Fred J., Albert, Martin H., 


Ida L., Gus and William W. It was two years after his marriag-e 
that our subject moved to this county, settling; upon 160 acres of land, 
section 36-54-17, three and one-half miles northwest of Salisbury, Mo., 
at that time a raw prairie, where he has since resided. At the present 
Mr. Reppenhagen owns 210 acres of land well worth 175 per acre, 
also 80 acres of fine pasture land in the Chariton river l)ottom. 

Politically, our subject, has never taken as prominent and active 
part in political affairs as some others, yet by his iniiuencc he has con- 
tril»uted no small part to the work of the republican party, of which 
he has been a true and loyal supporter. During the late unpleasant- 



ness, our su))ject was an active participant, and in 1S65 enlisted in the 
140th Infantry Vohinteer, company D., of St. Ckiir county, 111. 

Socially, Mr. Reppenhao-en is a menil)er of the Knights of the 
Maccabees. Faithful and energetic in the discharge of his duty, hon- 
est in his conviction and just in his dealings, he is numbered among the 
leading and substantial citizens of the county. 

'^^fOHN G. WAYLAND, a native Missourian, was ]K)rn in Randolph 
county, July 7, 1870, his early life was spent upon the fariu, 
where through careful training he was by his father, Jos. H. 
Wayland, taught to regard as a fundamental truth that all 
honest labor is honorable. At the age of 19, feeling the need 

of better school advantages in 
order to prepare him for life's 
duties, he entered the Salisbury 
Academy, where l)y diligence, per- 
severance and honest application 
to his duties, won distinguished 
honors in the class of '91. 

Choosing as his profession, 
that of pharmacy, he served his 
apprenticeship during the vaca- 
tions of '91-2-3 in the store of his 
brother. Dr. AA'ayland, of Texas, 
returning in the spring of each 
year to pursue his studies at the 
Academy, laboring as diligently 
and as successfully as l)efore. 

Realizing the importance of 
the old proverb that ""anything 
worth doing at all is worth doing well" he entered the St. Louis College 
of Pharmacy in the autumn of '94. 

Immediately upon the completion of his junior course, he went 
before the Missouri State Board of Pharmacy at Kansas City, where 
after a rigid examination passed with the possible percentage of 100. 
At this time the Board of directors of Salisbury Academy recognizing 
his al)ility as a student, fully tendered him the chair of Natural 
Sciences in that institution which was Very reluctantly accepted. In 
this capacity the same ruling motto of his life that "nothing is impos- 



sible to industry" Avas applied, and the ability evidenced by him as an 
educator, although youngf, niay be comparatively estimated from the 
fact that the manatjement of the school unanimously tendered him the 
same })osition for the ensuino; year. 

He is a conscientious christian o-entleman, identifyinsr himself 
with the Methodist church; a staunch democrat and an enthusiastic 
memljcr of the fraternal order, Kniohts of Pythias. 




= Cii : ■■ 

OHN FINNELL, a prominent and influential citizen of Chariton 
county, engaijed in ao-riculture and stock raisins; as and occupa- 
^^ tion, was l)orn near Roanoke, Kan(loli)h county. Mo., January 14, 
1833, the third of a family of six children, live of whom are now living. 
Wm. Finnell, the father, was by birth a native of Madison county, 
Kentucky, but was amono: the early settlers of Missouri, coming to 
this state in 1817. Jane Finnell, mother of our subject, was a native 
of Tennessee, her maiden name being Goodman. 

John Finnell received his education in the district schools of this 
state and self-reliantly began early in life to make his way in the 
world. Reared upon a farm,- he selected farming and stock raising as 
a life's occupation, which he has since followed, Ijarring the period of 
the late unpleasantness, when he was a member of the Southern 




army. On Dec. 8, 1ST3, he married Miss Lizzie F. dauohter of 
Cornelius Vau<»;hn, an early settler of Kandolph comity, from Ken- 
tucky. This union resulted in the birth of six children, all of whom 
are now livino^ at home, as follows: Louie E., 22; Aubra G., 20; 
Reuben F., 18; John C, 16; Agness, 14; and Wm. C. now twelve. 
The death of the mother occurred Jiuie 15, 1804. Politically our sub- 
ject is a stamich democrat, faithfully advocatino; and supporting those 
princij)les he believes to 1)e right and just. Through diligence and 
excellent management, ^Nlr. Finnell has become the owner of 240 
acres of as tine land as is to l)e found in the county, section 33-53-16, 
most of which is highly improved and in a high state of cultivation, in 
addition to nuich other property. As a business man, too much cannot 
be said in commendation of the uprightness, tact and honorable 
methods followed by Mr. Finnell. Honest in all his dealings, care- 
ful in his investments, sanguine in temperament and firm in his decis- 
ions, he commands and receives the respect of his fellow citizens. 

djIsJHARLES A. CLARKSON, an enterprising, progressive citizen 

ii'liffc who has liberally contributed of his time, energy and means to 

the growth and development of the city of Salisbury, Mo. , from 

a village of perhaps a dozen houses to its present social and financial 



])()siti(in, was born at Quincy, 111., 
July 15, 1841). Anselm Clarkson, 
father of our subject, was born 
and reared in Viroinia. Durins: 
his life, was married three times, 
the first occurrincr in Virginia 
after which he moved to Kentucky 
and there reared a family. The 
second union of our subject occur- 
red in Kentucky, and in 1845 
moved to Adams county. 111., soon 
afterwards suH'erino; the loss of 
his second wife. In 1848 he was 
united in married to Miss Sarah 
Jane Tuttle, of Quincy, 111., by 
W'hich union two children were 
born, our subject and a brother, 
who died when an infant. The 
death of the father occurred Dec. 

28, 1858, in Harrison county Kentucky, while en route to Virginia. 
The widow and son returned to Illinois and there resided until the fall 
of "65, wdien they moved to Fayette, Howard county. Mo., Mrs. 
Clarkson, having previously united in marriage with Mr. N. S. Brown 
of Quincy, III. In 1866 the family removed to Huntsville where they 
remained until Nov. '67, when they location in this city. By her last 
imion Mrs. Brown was the mother of three children, namely : Wm. 
N. Brown, now of Minneapolis, Minn.; Lizzie, now Mrs. Geo. Porter, 
of Quincy, 111.; and James H., a resident of this city, Some years 
after locating here, Mr. and Mrs. Brown moved to Kansas, where the 
death of the husl)and occurred, when the mother returned to Salis- 
bury, Mo., and remained with her children until her death, Decem- 
ber 28, 1886. 

At the age of 16 years Charles A. Clarkson began the trade of a 
stone mason, an occupation he has since followed, with brick laying, 
meeting with excellent success. To his enterprise and credit, it may 
be said that he has contracted the laying of nearly all the present 
foundations and the erecti(m of a large majority of the brick buildings 
of Salisl)ury, Mo. On December 81, 1871 he was united in marriage 
to Miss Clara Scales, a worthy daughter of John and Sarah Scales, 
then prominent citizens of this county. This union has been approv- 



ed by the ])irtli of six children, us follows: Ella, now Mrs. W. R. 
McNabb; Minnie, Clara B., Charles H., Lillie M., and Frankie. 

Startino; in the world without any means, our subject is to be con- 
gratulated upon the success he has accomplished. In addition to a 
nice home upon second street, Mr. Clarkson is the possessor of nuich 
other property in Salisbury Since '1)1 he has ])een interested in the 
li([uor business in thi; city, bjin;^ ass)ciated with Thomas Karcher, 
althouijh he has not devoted to the business liis personal attention. 
He is also a stockholder and director in the Savino;s Bank of Salisbury, 
Mo. Politically he is an enthusiastic democrat, earnestly interested 
in the success of the principles of his party. 

,imii|LONZO G. MASON, sul)iect of this sketch, and a g-entleman whose 
fpfl entire career has been characterized 1)y eneri^y and sterlino; in- 
teo^rity, was born in Chester county, Pa., June 28, 1850, the son 
of Lewis G. and Mariah (Randolph) Mason; the 1th of a family of 8 
children, 5 of whom are now livino^. The father of our subject was 

Ijorn in Delaware in 
1801 and in youth re- 
ceived the advantao-es 
of a ijood education, 
oraduatino- at West 
Point. His death oc- 
curred in Dec. 1888, 
his wife ])recedino; 
him one year. 

.\.lonzo G. ]\Iason 
was reared upon a 
farm and attended the 
pul»lic schools of the 
district. At an early 
arra he learned the 
trade of a |)lasterer, a 
} business he yet fol- 
lows when not engag- 
ed in aoricultm-al pur- 
suits. In June, 71, 
Mr. M. bade his na- 
tive state adieu and 
started west, landing 



at Hantsville upon the 15th, without means and a stranger in a strange 
land. A willingness to work, employnieiit was soon found and to 
quote the language of Mr. Mason, "From that day to this, I have 
never seen a day that a man who wanted to work couldn't get employ- 
ment at some price." On March 8, 1883, our subject was united in 
marriage to Miss Lucy A., a daughter of Wm. H. and Frances (Har- 
ris) Lee. AVm. H. Lee was born in Northumberland county, Va., 
Nov. 9, 1803 and came to Missouri in 1836. His death occurred Jan. 
20, 1889. This union has been blessed by the birth of four children; 
namely, Bessie L., 12; Dovie M., 11; Fannie R., 8; and Wm. L., now 
3 years of age. 

For 8 years past our sul^ject has resided near Pleasant Woods, 
Chariton county, engaged in farming and stock raising, meeting Avith 
gratifying results. Politically, Mr. M. is an ardent supporter of 
the })rinciples of the democratic party, while religiously he is an ac- 
tive and consistent member of the Methodist church. A man of ener- 
gy, self-reliance and earnest pur})ose, ever ready to aid in the local 
progress and material advancement of the best interests of his home 
neigh))orhood and locality, he is esteemetl a true American citizen of 
sterling integrity of character. 

the many bright :md promis- 
ing little gentlemen of Salis- 
bury, Mo., none stand higher in 
the estimation of their friends an 1 
acijuaintances than Master Chaun- 
C3y J. Hall, only child and son of 
Mr. and Mrs. G. A. and Lutilia 
Hall. Master Chauncey was born 
March 11, 1889, and for one of 
his years, gives promise of a use- 
ful and successful career. In as 
much as his parents ditl'er politi- 
cally. Master Chauncey has not yet 
determined just which of the old 
parties upon attaining manhood he 
will support, but will no doubt ar- 
rive at an intelligent conclusion. 



flLLIAM F. EVANS, a successful farmer and stock raiser of 
Chariton county and one of its best and most highly respected 
citizens, was born in Licking county, Ohio, April 21, '54. 
John Evans, father of our subject, was born in Virginia in 1805; his 
father a native of Wales and the mother a daughter of Virginia. When 
John was three years of age his parents located in Muskingum coun- 
ty, Ohio. In 1826 he was united in marriage to Miss De])orah Camp- 
bell, locating in Licking county, Ohio. This union resulted in the 
birth of twelve children, six of whom are now living, but after a mar- 
ried life of 24 years, his wife died, and in 1851 he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mary Patton, of Coshocton county, Ohio. To them 


were born two sons, our subject being the youngest. In 1861 death 
again visited the family circle, taking the good wife and mother. In 
'64 the father was married to a Miss Mildred Reid. His death occur- 
red July 4, 1885. 

William F. Evans was reared upon a farm, but received excellent 
school advantages, finishing his education at Granville (Ohio) Univer- 
sity. In 1876 Mr. Evans was united in marriage to Miss Martha 
Jane Blount, a most estimable lady and the daughter of Thomas W. 
and Martha M. (Henslee) Blount, natives of Ohio. To this union has 
been given eight children, as follows: Mary Delia, born Jan. 7, '77; 



John F., deceased; Homer S., born Sept. 22, \Si; Nellie F., deceased; 
Charles L., born Nov. 15, 'S5; Lula J., born Apr. 26, 'iH); Willie F., 
born March 3, '92; and Edward L., deceased. In the fall of 1SS6, Mr. 
Evans and family moved to this state, settling upon a farm of 10.) 
acres. Sec. 20-53-l(). where they have since resitled. By his enerj^}'^, 
industry and business foresiiJ-ht he has not only j^reatly improved his 
purchase but has added to his original tract, until now he has about 
300 acres of as productive soil as is to be found in the county. Kelii;- 
iously, Mr. and Mrs. Evans are active, consistent members of the 
Christian church, while i)olitically our subject was reared and has since 
supported the principles of the republican party. Enterprising, hon- 
est and [)roo;ressive, Mr. Evans is a gentleman whose citizenshii) hon- 
ors the county in which he resides. 

[IIARLES C. HAMMOND. Among- the young lawyers of Char- 
iton county, rapidly coming to the front in their chosen profes- 
sion, is the gentleman whose name heads this sketch. He was 
born near Brunswick, Mo., Aug. 21, 1862, the son of Hon. Charles 

Hanunond, for many years a prom- 
Ptt~ inent citizen and an able attorney 

of this county, now a resident of 
Brunswick. The mother of our 
subject, a most estimable lady, 
was, in her maidenhood. Miss Po- 
cahontas Cabell, the cultured and 
accomplished daughter of C. J. 
Cal)ell, a distinguished Chariton 
. county ])ioneer citizen. The ear- 
ly advantages of Charles C. for 
litting himself for the activities of 
- life were good, and he had not on- 
ly the industry, but the ([ualities 
of mind to imi)rove them. He ob- 
tained his education at the public 
i' . schools of Brunswick, finishing 

with a course at Westminister Col- 
lege at Fulton, Mo., and afterwards followed the professicm of teach- 
ing for awhile, which had the effect to make his knowledge of the col- 
lege curriculum more ready and enduring. In 1883 he began a regu- 
lar and systematic course of study of the law, untler the wise and able 


direction of his father, niakino; such pros^ress in his studies that in 
Oct. 1886 he felt qnalitied to make application for admission to the 
bar, in which he was eminently successful, ))eino; admitted by Judge 
Gavon D. Burgess. A partnership was immediately formed with his 
father, under the firm name of Hanunond & Son, which has since con- 
tinued with steadily increasing success and reputation, the senior mem- 
ber at Brunswick and C. C in charge of the office at Salisbury. A 
gentleman of untiring energy, a close student and a careful practition- 
er, our subject conuuands the contidcnce and respect of the pu]>lic, not 
only in his profession but as a man and citizen. From the very be- 
ginning he has been thoroughly wedded to his profession and other 
than the general interest he takes in h)cal, state and national issues, he 
gives the law his whole time and attention. A man of superior order 
of ability, he has gained his present prominence as a lawyer by using 
his talents as a successful farmer uses his plow, industriously and pa- 

On Nov. 10, 1802, it was the happy fortune of our sul)ject to be 
united in marriage to Miss Kate A\'ard Houston, daughter of Dr. W. 
M. and Marie F. (Davis) Houston, and a lady of cultiu'e and refinement 
whose amia))le disposition and social graces materially contril)utes to 
the entertainment of Salisl)ury society. In his ])olitical convictions 
our subject is first an<l last a democrat, and a leader in the councils of 
his chosen party. Socially, he is a pleasant, comi)anionable gentle- 
man, and a factor in the [)rogress and advancement of the American 

ijniiRAIRIE HILL. Among the many prosperous villages of Chari- 
'^jJm ton county, Prairie Hill, situated six miles north and three miles 
Jir east of Salisl)ury, in Way land township, easily takes front rank 
as a substantial trading ])oint. Exceptionally located upon a high 
rolling prairie, surrounded by as rich* and fertile soil as is to be found 
in the state, this village has all the advantages essential to make it a 
sul)stantial business center. The ))usiness men and citizens of the 
conununity, al)out 150 strong, are enterprising and progressive and 
never let an opportimity pass that gives promise of proving beneficial 
to their interest. The beginning of the town dates from the spring of 
1880, when J. H. Foster erected a building and opened up a stock of 
general merchandise. In 1881 W. H. Fawks opened up a stock of 
goods for L. C. Moore, which he conducted for two years, when he 
purchased the business, which he has since conducted for himself. 



Since '83 the village has steadily increased until now it has fourteen 
business establishments, as follows : Two general stocks of dry goods 
and groceries, two drug stores, two hardware stores, one furniture es- 
tablishment, one millinery store, two blacksmith shops, one racket 
store, one hotel and a restaurant. 

The moral and religious influences of the village are exceptionally 
strong and are being constantly advanced. The Baptist, Christian, 
Cumberland Presbyterian, Southern Methodist and Holiness people 
are represented by strong organizations, the Christians, Holiness and 
Presbyterians having substantial church edifices. In the way of 
fraternal organizations, the Masonic, Knights of Equity and Modern 
Woodmen of America, are well represented by flourishing lodges. 
The educational interests of the village youths receive proper atten- 
tion and cultivation at a good school, under the eflicient charge of 
Miss Pogue, during the year of '96, the enrollment being forty-five. 

As a place of residence Prairie Hill has few equals among the vil- 
lages of the state situated ott' the railroad. Its people are sociable, 
hospitalile and intelligent and are harmonious in their undertakings. 




jifAMES F. FOLEY, a youno; man of estahlished character and 
reputation, highly esteemed liy a large circle of acquaintances in 
Chariton county, may well cono-ratulate himself upon the success 
that has crowned his eli'orts since he started out in life for himself. 
The place of his birth is Hardin county, Kentucky, his natal day hav- 
ing been Sept. 20, 1869. Rev. W. 
H. Foley, the father and a Baptist 
minister now residing at Monroe 
City, Mo., was born in Russell 
county, Ky., in 1S51, while that of 
the mother, who in her maiden- 
hood was Miss Sarah J. Rexroat, 
occurred one year latter in the 
same state. To them were born 
eleven children, all now livincr, 
our subject being the eldest. 

James F. passed his early youth 
upon a farm, and attended the dis- 
trict schools of the immediate 
neigh))orhof)d. In the fall of '8!), 
with his parents, he came to this 
state, locating at Armstrong, How- 
ard county. Choosing the pro- 
fession of a tonsoral artist, in the fall of 'IH) our subject went to Mar- 
shall and entered upon an apprenticeship in an establishment there, 
continuing until March, '1>2, when he accepted a position at Salisbury, 
Mo., which he held for one year, resigning to go into business for 
himself. At present our subject, associated with a younger brother, 
J. M. Foley, is the proprietor of one of the neatest and most popular 
tonsorial parlors of the city, enjoying a lucrative and su))stantial pat- 

November 1, 1893, our subject married Mrs. Enuna M. Burrus, a 
very talented lady and the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jesse T. 
Swain, for many years prominent citizens of this county, residing a 
few miles west of Keytesville. On west 2nd street our subject is the 
possessor of a pretty and convenient cottage residence, which is a fa- 
vorite retreat for their many young friends in the city. Politically, 
our subject is in full accord with the views and principles of the lead- 
ers and platform of the Republican party and loyally supports the 

nominee. Religiously he affiliates with the Baptist church. 




AMUEL HARVP:Y PITTS, clothin^r merchant, and a yonn^ ^gen- 
tleman highly esteemed wherever known for his hio:h character 
as a man and his personal worth as a citizen, has been thorouofh- 
ly identified with the o-rowth and business interests of Salisbury, Mo., 
for the past live years. Mr. Pitts was born in Randolph county. Mo., 
Oct. 22, 1870, lirino- the sixth member of a family of seven children 

of Rev. Samuel Y. and Annie (AMn- 
^ ston) Pitts. Rev. Pitts was born in 
Randolph county, Oct. 11, 1832, and 
since reaching his majority has de- 
voted his time and best talent to the 
cause of the ministry, alliliatino- with 
the Baptist church. Mrs. Pitts, the 
mother and a most exemplary chris- 
tian lady, was l)orn in (loorijetown, 
Kentucky, in 1831. 

In youth our subject was o'iven 
the advantag-es of a good education, 
which he completed at A\^illiam 
Jewel Collegc'at Liberty, Mo., from 
'87 to '80. On returning home, for 
two years he successfully engaged 
in farming, which he relinciuishedto 
, enter the dry goods and clothing 
business in this city, as a meml)er of 
the Salisbury Dry Goods Co. In 1893 he purchased the company's 
interest in the clothing de[)artment and has since l)een recognized as 
one of the most })()pular and successful dealers in the county. A 
young man of superior l)usiness ability, courteous in his address, 
and of })leasing manners, his success is but natural when backed l)y 
the energy and industry he has displayed in l)usiness afiairs. 

On Jan. 21, 1891, our subject was very happily united in mar- 
riage to Miss Lizzie Scott, a daughter of Wm. and Mary Scott, prom- 
inent citizens of Larned, Kansas. A cultured and refined lady of a 
high order of intelligence, her amiable qualities and social graces 
have contributed materially to the pleasure and entertainment of Salis- 
bury society. This imion has proved a congenial one and their l)eau- 
tiful and happy home, on LaFevre street, has been brightened by the 
birth of one child, Master Dudley Pitts, now three years of age, 
whose placid physiognomy accompanies this sketch. All thofce meas- 



ures which have for their object the iiplmihlinof of Salishury and the 
development of Chariton county, find in Mr. Pitts a stauncli friend 
and supporter. He believes that Avonderful as has been the advance- 
ment of the community in the past, there is no indication that the cli- 
max has been reached, but that future years will brinj^ as o;reat pro- 
gress as the past has shown. In his political l)elief he is a democrat, 
loyal to every princii)lc of his party. Soeially, he is an honored and 
influential member of A. F. & A. M. and K. of P. fraternities, while 
relio^iousl}^ he is a menibLU- of the Iiaptist church. 

j1||JlP>ANES W. PAKEK, a youno- man of industry, intellio;ence 
ff\t\ and sterlino- character, is a youno- o-cntleman who occupies a 
prominent ])lace in the estimation of the citizens of Salisbury, 
Mo. He was born in Warwick county, Indiana, Oct, 25, 1869, the 
eleest of a familv of three children of Wm. K. and Khoda J. (Hedge) 

P.aker. On the lOth of Feb. 1S82, 
death entered the happy home of 
our su])iect and took therefrom 
the kind and loving mother. In 
March of the year of ISSl: Mr. 
Paker and children moved to this 
state and county, settling upon a 
valuable tract of land at the south 
edge of Salisbury. On arriving 
here, our sul>ject entered the pub- 
lic school of this city, where he re- 
mained until he graduated, under 
Prof. F). Iliggs, in ISSO. Our sub- 
ject then taught one term of school 
and selecting teaching as a pro- 
fession, he entered the Normal, 
atChillicothe, attending two terms. 
After teaching another year, upon 
his return home, he engaged in 
the planing mill business, l)ut sold his interests to go into the gro- 
cery l)usiness, remaining but a short time. 

In the spring of 'i>3 our subject attended school at the North 
Missouri Institute, graduating in the Pusiness and Commercial depart- 
ment. In the following fall he was employed to teach the Prairie 
Mound School, District No. 1, Township 56, Range 20, this county, 



remaining for four terms, givino; entire satisfaction. For the past 
scholastic term Mr. r)aker was again a matriculate of the N. M. Insti- 
tute. Socially our suliject is a member of the County Board of P]du- 
cation, and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Politically, he is 
an ardent supporter of the democratic party, while in his relis^ious be- 
liefs, he affiliates with the Baptist church. 

t^;fiD!^)ff/SSef m f mi^9^m «fSSBmM 




The a)>ove illustration will be recoo^nized as a faithful likeness of 
three of Salisljury's most worthy and industrious youno^ men, who are 
meetino; with commendable success in the business circles of Salisbury, 
Mo. Mr. Holderle, for sometime past, has been eno;ao;ed in the con- 
fectionery business, with o-ratifyino; results, while Mr. Baier is the 
junior member of the hrm of Haysler & liaier Bros., proprietors of 
the city meat market, east Broadway. Mr. Smith, for some years 
past, has held a lucrativ'C position with the city, as an assistant in the 
electric light plant. Being energetic, enterprising and progressive, 
the many friends of these young gentlemen unhesitatingly predict for 
them a useful and successful career. 



lEYTESVlLLE, the county seat of Chariton county, 
and a Ijeautif ul and substantial city of enterprise, hap- 
py homes and cultured people, situated near the cen- 
tral part of the county, 101 miles east of Kansas City 
and 176 miles northwest of St. Louis, one and one- 
half miles north of the main line of the Wabash 
railway with street railway connections, was orioinall}^ 
laid out in 18P>0. James Keyte, an Englishman and a 
Methodist preacher, was the founder of the city, he 
havincr purchased the land in 1830, and two years later 
donated fifty acres to the county, upon which, in 1833- 
34, the court-house and other public buildino-s were erected. For 
eleven years prior to 1833, the county seat was located at "Old Chari- 
ton," at that time a very promisino; village in the southern part of the 
county. The first court house l)uildino-, however, erected in the coun- 
ty, was built in Keytesville in 1832-33. This was a square shaped brick 
buildino;, two stories hioh and contained four rooms, one )>elow and 
three above, but was destroyed during; the war in 1861. The present 
court-house, an excellent picture of which is given on page 13, was 
erected in 1866, at a cost of $75,000 and is 110x62 feet, two stories 
high. The first circuit court held in Keytesville met on July 16, 
1833. The first house erected in Keytesville, of which we have any 
authentic account, was a log-cal»in built by Mr. Keyte, near the bank 
of the Muscle Fork, in 1811. Abf)ut or near the same time he erected 
a similar building in his yard as a business house and post-office. The 
first house put up after the town was laid out was a log house just 
east of the court-house by Thomas Givens, a business house conducted 
by Wm. A. Wilson. W. E. and G. W. Hackley, of Howard county, 
engaged in lousiness there in '32. The first hotel, a double log house, 
was formally opened Aug. 1, '1:2 by Isaac W. Redding. James Keyte 
built a water-mill upon the present site of the Keytesville Roller 
Mills, while Peter Lassin, a Dane, opened a blacksmith shop. At an 
early day Theodore Chrane started a pottery. Wm. F. Davis, a broth- 
er to the late Judge John M. Davis, of Brunswick, was the pioneer 




lawyer, while Diivid Petti^rew prescribed pills and administered phy- 
sics to the sick. Aniono^ other early settlers of Keytesville, who ma- 
terially contributed towards the early j^rowth and development of 
the town in i)ioncer days, we mention J. R. Horsly, R. G. Beasley, 
John Doss, Wm. Breeze, Wni. R. Allen, Josiah Price and Col. 
Nathan A. Griibbs. 

On February 3, 1S68, under an act incorporatino^ tt)wns and vil- 
lages, Keytesville was incorporated with the fol lowing trustees^: M. G. 
Holcomb, John Gaston, Andrew Mackey, Jr., E. M. Burr and F. M. 
Kedburn. In march, 1883, it was incorporated as a city of the fourth 
class, when the following officers were chosen: J. M. DeMoss, mayor; 
(). F. Smith, clerk and city attorney; John D. Butler, treasurer; and 
John Gaston, marshall. D. li. Kellogg, D. N. Wheeler, Hugo Bartz, 
and Richard Lowery were selected as councilmen. 

As the county has increased in population and wealth, so has its 
county seat. To-day Keytesville has upwards of llOO citizens, the 
))ulk of whom are of high intelligence and thoroughly American in 
thought and in action. P^specially favored by nature with an except- 
ionally fine location, enter]:)rising man has supplemented her efforts by 
tasteful and harmonious improvements. While Keytesville may pos- 
sil>ly lack some of the features that make other towns attractive, it 
has some charms which are distinctively its own, and which are copy- 
righted features. It has in the past few years made some important 




strides forward, and can boast of a class of improvements that larger 
towns might well be proud of. One of its characteristics is the large 
num))er of shade trees that are planted along the streets, in front of 
picturesque homes and beautiful gardens tilled with choice fiowers. 
The town oilers social conditions which are highly desirable. Its pub- 
lic school system, the glory and |)ride of the city, is par excellent. 
Most of the citizens are sturdy, intelligent ))eople who insist uj)on the 
highest efficiency jjossible in their ])u))lic school. Various religious 
denominations are represented by handsome, comfortable churches or 
meeting places and under the charge of a))le, earnest christian minis- 
ters. Five fraternal organizations are represented in the city, and 
arc loyally and enthusiastically supported. 

It is not an exaggeration to say that in Keytesville are to be 
found generally such refined and progressive social conditit)ns as are 
met with in the larger and long established communities of the east. 
As a trading point, its influence is felt and recognized in other towns 
of the county. The business men are enterprising and progressive, 
thoroughly alive to the needs of the comnnmity. The business houses 
are nearly all of brick, and will favorably compare with those of 
larger cities. 


In a "souvenir edition" of the Keytesville Courier, {)ublished at 
Keytesville, Mo., and issued May 29, 1896, we take the following 



modest statement in reference to Keytesville's excellent public school 

" The glory and pride of this city is its pul)lic schools. Its people 


are nothing if not progressive, and are composed of a highly cultured 
and refined class, who thoroughly lielieve in keeping abreast of thg 












Jige in which they live, not only in a material way, but in the develop- 
ment of the mental and moral natures of the young. In pursuance of 
this idea and well knowing that education is the corner-stone of a lib- 
eral form of government, as also a foundation for a life of usefulness 
they have brought their system of public schools up to a point where 
they are second to those of no other city of its size in the state. The 
l)uilding occupied Ijy the school for the white children is an elegant 
two-story brick structure alcove a basement, and is located three bocks 
east of the business portion of the city, where it is surrounded by 
commodious grounds of over a block in extent consisting of a smooth 
grassy lawn, set Avith a large number of trees. 

The interior arrangement of this building is particularly fine, and 
was made with reference to the sanitary condition and convenience of 
the whole. In the basement is located the furnace which does the 
heating and ventilating; here also is a full system of dry closets in use 
which destroys all refuse matter; this, together Avith the heating and 
ventilating system, is the most perfect extant, and is the same as that 
used in many of the largest buildings throughout the United States. 
This structure contains six class rooms and the necessary halls and 
cloak rooms; these class rooms are numbered consecutively from one 
to six and the course of study includes tAvelve grades, three of Avhich 
jire taken up in high school Avork. Six teachers are employed, the 
tAvo highest grades of the high school being in charge of the principal 
find superintendent, Prof. A. F. Willis, Avho is an educator of many 
year's experience, and a gentleman, Avho is in every way competent to 
till the responsible position of a teacher. * ^ * ^ * Miss Carrie 
Willet has charge of the second intermediate department. Miss Net- 
tie M. Moore, first intermendiate. Miss Willie Davis, second primary 
and Miss Annie Grinstead, first primary, all being teachers of a high 
class and enthusiastic Avorkers in their chosen profession. Eight 
month's school is yearly maintained, this being divided into tAvo terms 
of four months each. The enrollment of pupils for the term just past 
Avas 272, and the number is steadily increasing. In fact, the need of 
two more rooms, at least, is beginning to make itself keenly felt, and 
they Avill have to be added sooner or later. The building Avas erected 
in 1889 at a cost of i^l3,000, and the Avhole is looked after by a board 
of directors, six in num])er. The l)oard at the present Avriting is com- 
posed of Messrs. W. C. Gaston, president; George H. Applegate, vice- 
president; W. G. Agee, treasurer; George N. Elliott, clerk; H. B. 
Richajvlson and Capt. J. C. Wallace, all being Avell-knoAvn citizens and 




business men of Keytesville. Aside from the central school there is a 
good school for the education of the colored children, it havino; a very 
competent corps of teachers and being looked after by the same board 
that has charge of the first mentioned institution. From the fe)rego- 
ing it will be sssn that K'3ytB5vill3 has every indacem3nt in the way of 
educational interests to oii'er to those who might be lookinir this way 
for a permanent location." 



JVIethodism in Chariton county dates from 1817 when one Rev. 
John Scripps preached at the home of a Mr. Clemmins, at the mouth 
of the Chariton river, this country at that time being a part of Boons- 
lick circuit. In 1836 it was set apart and organized into a circuit, tak- 
ing the name of Keytesville. The church at Keytesville, however, is 
supposed to have been organized in 1831, but previous to 1835, the 
records have been lost. The first Iniilding was erected in 18.56, but 
during the war was occupied by the soldiers and so badly damaged 
that it was afterwards sold to the colored organization. The present 


building, a neat and substantial brick building was erected in 1875 and 
has since been materially improved. During the past year (1896) 
Rev. C. K. Shilling has been in charge as pastor, services being con- 
ducted 1st and 3rd Sabbath, morning and evening, of each month. 


The Baptist church of Keytesville was organized in 1818 by Revs. 
David Anderson, Thos. Fristoe and Fielding Wilhite, with Richard 
Long and wife, Benjamin Carter and wife, Robt. Elliott and wife, 
Thos. McCart and wife and Alton F. Martin as charter members. The 
lirst pastor of the organization was Rev. David Anderson. Services 
were then held monthly in a grove near the residence of the late Cas- 
well Courtney, 2^^ miles north of town, but were afterwards held in 
the school house, court house and other public buildings of the town 
until 1857, when the Presbyterian church shared the use of their build- 
ing with them until the erection of their own edifice in 1882. This 
building is a nice frame structure and originally cost 12,000. It was 
dedicated in August \S2, by the Rev. W. Pope Yeaman. Richard 
Long Avas the hrst clerk of the church and was succeeded by Jackson 
J. Mills. ''Uncle" Thos. T. Elliott, the gentleman to whom we are 
indebted for these facts, was clerk from 1853 to 1874, while at present 
Mr. C. A. Chapman acts as clerk. The present membership is about 
130. Services are held upon the 2nd and Ith Sundays of each month, 
Rev. C. F. D. Arnold, of Lathrop, Mo., being the pastor in charge. 


at Keytesville, was organized in 1853, two churches being erected that 
year, one at Brunswick and the other at Keytesville, but both were 
under the control of the Brunswick church. Two years later, 1855, 
the Keytesville church became a seperate organization. Among the 
members were Richard S. Hyde and wife, Wm. Jones and wife, John 
C. Crawley, J. S. Murphy, Franklin B. Salisbury and wife, Wm. 
Staples and wife, M. J. Rucker, Wm. S. Hyde, Robt. S. Hyde, Martha 
J. Dewey, Elizabeth Girvin, Margaret J. Miles, Elizabeth M. Allen, 
Harriet N. Salisbury and Elizabeth Ann Harvey. Rev. S. J. M. 
Beebee was the first pastor in charge of the organization, who contin- 
ued as such until 1863. The present church building is a nice frame 
structure erected at a cost of -12,400. At present it has a large mem- 
bership. Services are held on the first Sunday in each month. Rev. J. 
J. Squires, a very able and talented minister, being the pastor in 










The Christian church of Keytesville, will date its organization 
from Ma}^, 1896. Yet at the present time (August '96) the organiza- 
tion has only been partially completed. The deacons of the church 
selected in May were Messrs. B. H. Smith, W. D. Vaughn, Win. 
Evans, J. A. Meyer. AVm. A. Taylor, Warner Ford and J. A. Me3^er 
were chosen as trustees and B. H. Smith appointed clerk. 

A Ijuilding committee was appointed in May to devise ways 
and means for the erection of a church building and as a result 
the means have lieen provided and the contract awarded for the -erec- 
tion of a very pretty building of modern style, the cost of which upon 
ccnipletion will exceed '12,000. The membership will embrace some 
35 or 40 persons, residing in Keytesville and vicinity. 


Not unlike other towns of Chariton county, Keytesville enjoys the 
influence of a number of fraternal organizations that have proven of 
incalculable benefit in the social and moral development of the commu- 
nity. The first fraternal organization instituted in Keytesville was 
that of Warren Lodge, No. 74, A. F. & A. M., established in January, 
1845, with seven charter members, charter l)earingdate of October 20, 
1845. Since its organization this order has steadily grown in strength 
and usefulness, commensurate with that of the town. The present 
membership is 68. Regular meetings are held in their own hall on 
Saturday evening preceeding the full moon of each month. Officers 


for 1896 are as follows: O. B. Anderson, AVorshipfiil Master; B. H. 
Smith, Senior Warden; O. L. Dines, Junior Warden; M. W. Ander- 
son, Secretary; A. F. Toole}, Treasurer; O. P. Ray, Senior Deacon; 
James E. Dempsey, Junior Deacon; M. L. Finnell, Tyler. 

Chariton Lodo;e, No. 177, A. O. U. W., the second oldest oro;ani- 
zation, was instituted with 13 charter members January 5th, 1880. 
This has been a very active and successful order, one that has proven 
of substantial benefit to Keytesville and vicinity. The present mem- 
bership numbers thirty-eight. Keo^ular meetings are held on the 2nd 
and 4th Tuesday evening of each month, in the hall of Anderson & 
Agee, one of the largest and finest lodge rooms in the county. Pres- 
ent officers are as follows: Past Master Workman, H. H. Miller; Mas- 
ter Workman, John Chivers; Foreman, Charlie Schell; Overseer, Geo. 
N. Elliott; Recorder, R. H. Tisdale; Receiver, M. W. Anderson; Fi- 
nancier, J. C. Rucker; Guide, Ed Walters; Inside Watchman, John 
Carroll; Outside Watchman, R. P. Trent; Medical Examiners, Drs. 
H. T. Garnett and S. W. Downing. 

Keytesville Legion Select Knights A. O. U. W., No. 29, was or- 
ganized with 26 charter members, 1)eing instituted and first regular 
meeting held July 14, 1882. 

Launcelot Lodge, No. 245, Knights of Pythias, was instituted 
June 30, 1892, with twenty-three charter mem])ers, and has had a high- 
ly satisfactory growth. The present meml)ership eml)races the names 
of 44 loyal, enthusiastic meml)ers, who in their daily avocations of life 
endeavor to exemplify the friendship, so beautifully manifested by 
Damon for his friend Pythias, who was condenmed to death by Dio- 
n3^sius, the tyrant of Syracuse. Regular meetings are held every Fri- 
day evening. Present officers are af follows: Past Chancellor Com- 
mander, J. A. Collet; Chancellor Commander, H. H. Miller; Vice- 
Chancellor, D. B. Kellogg; Prelate, C. P. Vandiver; Keeper of 
Records and Seal, IL C. Minter; Master of Exchequer, J. M. Mason; 
Master of Finance, B. H. Smith; Master-at-Arms, J. W. Ro])ertson; 
Inner Guard, Clyde Smith; Outer Guard, Henry Forrest. 

Keytesville Lodge, No. 277, I. O. O. F., was organized March 
23, 1893, with twenty-three charter mem])ers, but has now increased 
until the roll contains the names of fifty-five meml)ers. Its growth, 
numerically and financially, has ])een very gratifying to the most en- 
thusiastic supporter of the order, while the work accom})lished has 
had a telling effect upon the community. Regular meetings are held 
upon Monday evening of each week at the hall of Anders-dn & Agee. 




Officers for 1896 are as follows: L. B. Thrash, Nohle Grand; O. F. 
Ray, Vice-Grand; F. M. Veach, Secretary, and M. W. Anderson, 

Keytesville Tent, No. 83, Knio;hts of the Maccabees, was oro-aniz- 
ed in May, 1894, with 40 charter members, l)ut owino; to removals 
and withdrawals, the i)resent niemliership is 33. Recrular meet- 
ing's are held in the hall of Anderson & Agec on the 1st and 3rd 
Thursday evenino-s of each month. OtHcers for '96 as follows: O. B. 
Anderson, Fast Sir Knight Commander; F. M. Veach, Sir Knight 
Conmiander; J. M. Mason, Lieut. Commander; G. H. Applegate, 
Record Keeper; H. C. Miller, Finance Keeper; H. F. Fastwood, 
Chaplain; B. H. Smith, Sergeant; H. M. Sigloch, Master-at-Arms, 
Joe Held, 1st Guard; Charles A. Friesz, 2nd (luard and L. A. Em- 
bree, Ficket. 


As stated in the introductory article, Keytesville is situated 
about one and one-half miles north of the main line of the Wabash 
railroad, which necessitated a cheap, rapid and convenient means 
of transportation between the town and the station. In 1889 Messrs. 
Hugo Bartz and J. J. Moore, two old and progressive citizens of the 
town, recognizing the demand for l)etter facilities for transportation 
than the old omnibuses then in use, secured a right-of-way and at once 


beo;an the construction of a street car line, that has since not onl}^ 
proven a success financial ly, but has resulted hcneticially to the town 
in many ways. The original cost of the line w^as '^10,000, the plant 
consisting of large and convenient car and horse barns, in the western 
part of the city, with two miles of well l)uilt track with the necessary 
switches. The rolling stock consists of a large flat-car for the ham I- 
ling of freight and express and two modern coaches for passenger 

We could not say too much in favor of the public smi^t ami en- 
prise of these gentlemen, ])at feel that the merits of the linfeare too w»ll 
known to require any eulogistic remarks here, while at ihe same time 
we know that a review of Keytesville would be decideclly iftln)mplete 
without due reference to this line, which has l)een a prime ^act(>i' since 
its construction, in aiding the general welfare of this prosperous city. 


Foin- miles nearly west of Keytesville and two and one-half miles 
northwest of Dalton, section 11-53-19, is located the county poor farm. 
This farm embraces 80 acres of as fine land as is to ]>e found in the 
county together with lOO acres of rich l)ottom land. The original 
cost of the building (erected in 'GS) and farm was about '1^3.5,00O. 
Under the management of F. M. Davenport, Supt., most gratifying 
results have been accomplished, in pr()^'iding for the poor and disabled 
of our county, a suitable home where they can receive the proper 
care and treatment. The farm is well stocked, highly improved and 
under the cf)ntrol of the county court. All operating expenses are 
paid by the county and all revenues from the sale of stock or products 
from the farm are collected by the superintendent and turned over to 
the county. 


The county jail, located at Keytesville, was erected in 18T2 at a 

cost of $11,000 and is a neat commodious structure, two stories high 

and sul)stantially built, with a residence for the sherifl' connected 



The visitor will find a happy, cultured, intelligent people, enter- 
prising and progressive, who enjoy home, love their country and 
respect its laws. He will find a community of beautiful homes, sur- 
rounded by spacious well kept lawns, made bright and hajjj^y by 
flower and bush, tree and vine of every hue and clime. A community 
that enjo3's the best social, moral and educational advantages to be 


had, the hiliuences of which are felt and appreciated throughout the 
county. He will tind nice, well kept streets bordered with sub- 
stantial sidewalks and an abundance of shade and ornamental trees, 
among whose branches the gentle zephyrs whisper "welcome"" to all. 
lie will tind a nunil)er of fraternal organization engaged in a work 
that for ages past has residted in the elevation and uplifting of man- 
kind to higher and noI)ler puropses of life. 

He will tind mau}^ nourishing commercial estal)lishments w^hich for 
size of stocks carried and business methods employed, easily rank with 
the estaldishments of many larger cities of the state. A number of 
literary and musical organizations that on frequent occasions greatly 
contri])ute to the ])leasure and entertainment of the community. 

No town in the state has tAvo newspapers, more enterprising and 
progressive, nor more loyal to the town and county in which they 
are published, than the Chariton Courier and Keytesville Sicjnal pub- 
lished at Keytesville. 

Prominent among the manufacturing enterprises of Keytesville is 
its milling interests. While the Keytesville lioller Mills are not as 
largo as some mills of other cities, none turn out a better article of 
flour or meal. The plant is located in a sul)stantial building, upon the 
bank of the Muscle Fork, and is amply furnished with all the modern 
e(|uipments and improved machinery. In addition to a splendid and 
never-failing w^ater jiower, it is supplied with a tifty-live horse power 
engine and boiler. The present owners and proprietors of this estab- 
lishment are Judge James L. Stacy and M. F. Courtney, two of 
Chariton county's most prominent and influential citizens. In addition 
to their milling interests they deal in all kinds of grain, furnishing 
a good market for a very large territory tributary to Keytesville. 

No l)anking institutions in the county are safer or are conducted 
on more correct l)usiness principles than those of Keytesville. Though 
the capital stock is not large, depositors are perfectly secure under 
the laws of the state, and imdcr the safe methods adopted by the 
banks themselves. 

Keytesville is well provided with commodious and well kept hotels. 
Sneed's hotel, elegantly furnished and equipped, has 20 rooms, and is 
second to no house in the interior of the state. Hotel Snyder, is a 
large and commodious structure of 20 rooms, supplied with all mod- 
ern conveniences. Other smaller houses are also well kept, while 
restaurants and eating houses afl'ord convenient refreshments for the 



Keytesville has a buildino; and loan association that has had a 
reiiiarkal)Iy successful career. Through this organization many per- 
sons of small and moderate income have been enabled to ])uy or build 
their own homes, paying for their property l)y monthly installments. 
The advantages of such an organization are apparent to all. 

In short, the visitor to Keytesville will tind a large class of 
christian men and women, in a christian conuuunity, representing all 
professions and avocations of life, enjoying peace, pleasure and pros- 
perity, harmoniously united in advancing the social, moral and mate- 
rial interests of their town and county. 

^IIARLES P. VANDIVER, a gentleman of untiring energy, in- 
\^'\ dustry and intelligence, who has made a success in life in a 

chosen line and contri])uted not a little to the progress and 
prosperity of his town and county, was born near Fayette, Howard 
county, Deceml)er 25, 18.58. His parents, A. C. and .Julia (Hill) Van- 
diver are both native Missourians, the father born in Marion and 
raised in Shelby county and the mother l)orn and reared in Howard 
county. In 1864 Mr. and Mrs. Vandiver moved to Chariton county, 
settling upon a farm between Salis1)ury and Keytesville, Imt soon 
afterwards located at the latter point. In youth, Charles P. received 

', excellent educational training, fin- 
ishing his education at the public 
schools of Keytesville in 1878. 
Five years later selecting newspa- 
per journalism as a life's occupa- 
tion, he accepted the position of 
local editor upon the Chariton 
Courier, then pu])lished at Keytes- 
ville by his father and brother-in- 
law, J. M. Collins. In 1889 our 
snl)ject assumed a proprietary in- 
terest in the paper, which he held 
until 1892, when he became sole 
proprietor. His abilities as a writer 
and newspaper man are justly 
recognized and appreciated by a 
large majority of Chariton county 
citizens, and testilied to by the 
liberal patronage and excellent 


standing his paper now enjoys in the count3^ Fearless, honest and 
conscientious in the support of those principles he believes right and 
just, he not only holds the high regard and esteem of his friends of the 
past but daily forms new associations, who appreciate him for his 
enterprise, true manhood and personal worth. 

On February 11, 1891 our subject was united in marriage to Mrs. 
Sally E. Vaughn, of Carroll countj^ and a lady of culture, reiinement 
and moral worth. Their home in Keytesville is among the prettiest 
and most conveniently arranged cottage residences of the city. On 
Bridge street Mr. V^andiver also owns a substantia] brick lousiness 
house, the front of the ground floor being used as a millinery estab- 
lishment, and the rear for the mechanical department of his paper, 
the editoriol rooms l»eing located upon the second floor. 

Socially, our subject is an honored member of the K. of P., 
Modern Woodmen and I. O, F. fraternities; while religiously he 
affiliates with the Methodist church. Politically, he was born and 
reared a democrat, and not only at the polls, Imt through the columns 
of his paper ably and intelligently supports the principles of his 

APTAIN OSCAR F. SMITH, or. Judge O. F. Smith, as he is 
familiarl}^ known, was ]>orn in Kentucky, but removed wdth his 
parents to Linn county. Mo. , in an early day where he was 

He is a son of Judge Jacob Smith of Linneous, Mo., who at one 
time was Judge of the eleventh Judicial circuit of this State, then 
composed of the counties of Chariton, Grundy, Linn, Sullivan, Mer- 
cer and Putnam. 

Captain Smith after completing the curriculum of studies tought 
in the common school received the benefit of courses at old McGee 
College in Macon county, Mo., and Central College at Fayette, How- 
ard county, Mo., finishing his education at the last named institution 
in 1859. 

On returning home from college he began the study of law in the 
law ofiice of his father at Linneus, Mo. 

When the war ))roke out he entered the Federal service, and in 
1863 recruited a company for the cavalry service and was commis- 
sioned captain of company No. 12 cavalry Missouri volunteers, which 
company he commanded until the close of the war, serving much of 
the time under the command of Gen. Thomas in the army of the Ten- 















nesse. His last active service was under the clashing cavalry Gen. 
Wilson, in the spring of 1865 in that rapid and victorious march 
from East Port, Miss, by way of Selma and Montgomery, Ala. , ending 
with the capture of the ileeing President, Jefferson Davis near Macon, 

He resigned his position as captain and returned home in Septem- 
ber 1865. He married Miss Martha L. Stevens of Paris, Monroe 
county, Mo., whose ac(|uaintance he had first formed before the war, 
while she was a student attending Howard Payne College at Fayette, 
Mo. Early in 1866 he located at Paris, Mo., and commenced the 
practice of law, afterwards in the fall of 1867 he removed to Keytes- 
ville, Mo., where he has continued in the general practice of his pro- 
fession. In the meantime he had l^een elected by the people of Chari- 
ton county to the office of Judge of Probate and ex-officio president of 
the county court, for a term of four years, and also elected to the 
office of Prosecuting Attorney for a term of two years. 

His residence and law office are conveniently located near the 
court house at Keytesville where he has a good library and well 
equiped for law practice. By safe counsel and dilligent attention to 
business and the interest of his clients he has established a very sub- 
stantial law practice. He has five children four daughters and one 
son. Elizabeth the eldest daughter, who married Mr. T. P. Wood a 
native of Chariton county, and a son of B. F. Wood deceased. Mur- 
tha F. who married Geo. F. Cox also a resident of Keytesville, Miss 
Marietta, Oscar E. and Ernestine the youngest, all of whom are resi- 
dents of Keytesville. 

[iLLER & LEWIS, two of Keytesville's most prominent and 
influential merchants caption this sketch. Blair Miller, our 
first subject, was born in Keytesville, August l-l, 1868, and 
is the fifth of a family of six children, born to John C. and Elmeria 
Miller, two prominent and worthy citizens of that place. Our subject 
was married January 21), 1S1>6, to Miss Lucy S. Courtney, daughter 
of Dr. Courtney, deceased, who was widely known in Chariton county 
for his most excellent (lualities, 

James W. Lewis, the second member of the sketch, was born in 
this county near Glasgow, Mo., May 31, 1867, and was the youngest 
son of Major J. W. and Virginia V. Lewis, who were among the first 
settlers of the county. Major Lewis was, when living, one of the 
most prominent citizens in this section of the state. Mrs. Lewis is 





still livinsf and makes her home with her son, the subject of this 
sketch, who was married to Miss Berte Kelloo^o;, the accomplished 
dauj2;hter of D. B. Kellogor^ deceased, who was familiarly known to 
nearly every citizens of Chariton county as "Uncle Dan." One child 
Louise KellogCT Lewis, was born to this union, February 17, 1SI>1, and 
is the delight of the houselold. Mr. Lewis is a large land owner, 
having 50 acres of fine land near Glasgow, in his own name and a half 
interest in 631 acres near the same place. 

These gentlemen estalilished a dry goods, clothing, boot and shoe 
and furnishing goods house in 1891 in Keytesville and have done a 
flourishing business ever since. They are both always polite and 
gentlemanly to their customers and have attained the highest respect 
of everyone who deals with them. Honest prices and just dealings 
have increased their Ijusiness until at present they can claim the honor 
of keeping the leading mercantile establishment in the city of Keytes- 



[AMP]S W. ROr>P:RTSON. Amonff the worthy, intelligent and 
l-^j exemplary young l) men of Chariton county, worthy of 
^^ favorable mention in this connection, is the gentleman who name 
heads this sketch. lie was born October 25, ISG'J, at Salisbury, Mo., 
being the eldest member of a family of seven children of J. K. and 
Grizelle (Dameron) Robertson. The father of our sul)ject Avas born 
in Howard county, but was reared and has s[)ent his life in Chariton. 
Mrs. Robertson was l)orn and reared in this county. James W , was 
reared upon the farm and received the advantages of a good ))ractical 
education, which he linished at the North Missouri Institute at Salis- 
bury in 1891-'92. In January of 1893, the father of our subject 
engaged in the newspaper business at Keytesville, that being the birth 
of the KiytdiniUe Siijual^ the style of the tirm being J. K. Robertson & 
Son, our subject I)ecoming the junior member. Through their ex- 
cellent business judgment and un- 
remitting industry the Signal has 
become a fixture in Chariton 
county journalism, receiving a 
liberal patronage from an appre- 
ciative public. Socially, James 
W. has pleasant association with 
the Knights of Pythias and 
K. of M. and I. O. O. F. frater- 
nities. Religiously, he affiliates 
with the Ba],)tist church, while 
politically he was taught and now 
loyally supports, with true patri- 
otic fidelity, the princi})les of the 
democratic party. 

Mr. Robertson is a young 
man of exemplary character and 

is well known and thoroughly 

respected in all portions of th6 
county, having used in all his relations, whether social or financial, the 
utmost integrity and straightforwardness of purpose and action. 

■ B IICHARD S. OLDHAM, the gentleman whose name heads this 
sketch, was born upon the old homestead of his father, in Mus- 
cle Fork township, February 13, 1853, Goodman Oldham, the 
paternal grandfather of our subject, was a native of Kentucky and a 


prominent attorney and agriculturalist of the blue grass state. In 
1831 he located in Howard county, Mo., and his murder at Keytes- 
ville, April 5, 1833, while i)rosecutino- his profession, was the socond 
committed in the county. Mordicai Lane, the su[)i)osed nmrderer, 
was arrested for the crime, but at his trial two or three years later 

;7(7T3 was accpiitted. Upon his death l^ed, however. Lane made a confession 

of havino; connnitted the crime. The wife of Goodman Oldham was 

in her maidenhood a Miss Jackson and her Ijrother, Geo. Jacskson, 

, havincr settled here in 1810, she rode on horseback from Kentucky to 

■<»Ne^*K visit him, returning in the same manner. Her death occurred in this 

^o ^y county in 1885, ai the advanced age of ninety years. 

Richard G. Oldham, father of our sul)iect, was l)orn in Madison 
county, Kentucky, Fe])ruary 'J, 1820, coming to this state with his 
]iarents eleven years later. His hrst occujiation was that of agricul- ' 
ture near Keytesville, but afterwards located in Muscle Fqrk town- 
ship, where he operated a very large farm. On Jilarch 26, 187()^lie . , 
Avas united in marriage to ]\liss Laura 8))ortsman, a daughter of John f/Q 
Sportsman, who move to this county from Kentucky when l)ut 19 r 
years of age, engaged in farming and stock raising in Keytesville / 
township for many years. This union resulted in the l)irth of twelve 
children, 7 boys and 5 girls, seven now living, our sul)iect being ttie 
fourth mem})er. The birth of the mother occurred in Chariton comi- 
ty, June 8, 1811 and her death, November 26, 1888. The father died 
Octol)er lU, 1891. 

Richard S. Oldham was reared upon the homestead and brought up 
to farm duties. In youth he received the advantages of the distiMl;t 
schools, and acquired a good practical education. Upon attaining his 
majority he engaged in agricultural pursuit for himself, which he 
followed until 1887 when he engaged in the mercantile business at 
Long's Mill and later at Musselfork. At present he is located at 
Guthridge Mill, where he enjoy the confidence of the public and a 
very li))eral patronage. 

On the 26th of March '76 he was united in marriage to Miss Mar- 
garet Ellen Kavanaugh, a daughter of C. W. and PI W. Kavanaugh, 
early settlers of this state, who emigrated here from Kentucky, in 
their youth. Their marriage occurred in this state and resulted in the 
birth of eleven children, only six of whom are now living. 

The union of our subject and his most estimable lady has been 
blessed with six children; namely, Rufro R., 15 years of age; Charlie 
R., 13; Simmie R., deceased; Archie R., 1; Eldo R., deceased; and 



Euna R., now the baby. Politically, Mr, Oldham was reared a dem- 
ocrat and loyally supports the principles of his party. Enterprisino; 
and progressive in his ideas and of a social disposition, he enjoys the 
confidence and respect of all who know him. 

OHN M. MASON, the })resent deputy Recorder of Chariton 
county, was born four miles south of Salisbury, March 28, 1867, 
to Benjamin F. and Margaret Mason, who were the parents of 
eight children — seven boys and one girl — tive of whom are still living. 
The father was born in Virginia and removed to Missouri about IS'Sd 

or 1840, and settled 
in this county where 
he married Margaret 
Freeman, a native of 
Chariton county. 

Our subject is a 
sturdy, industrious 
and intelligent young 
man who has strived 
hard to attain the 
position he now has, 
and has hold since 
February 1802. He 
was reared on a farm 
and attended the pub- 
lic schools of the dis- 
trict for a number of 
years, but finished 
his education in the 
Salisbury Public 
Schools, under Prof. 
L. B. Coates, after 
which he returned to 
farm life for a short time before taking a clerkship in the mercantile 
establishment of J. T. Mason, of Salisbury, where he remained for 
eighteen months. He then accepted the position of Deputy Recorder 
as above mentioned. 

On July 3, 1892 our subject was united in marriage to Miss Cordie 
Patterson, daughter of Mr, and Mrs. D. R. Patterson, who now live 
in Salisbury. The fruits of this union were two chrildren — David B., 



deceased, and Howard M., who is now "a little streak of sunshine" in 
this most happy household. Socially, our sul)ject is an esteemed 
member of the following secret socities, viz: Warren Lodge A. F. & 
A. M., Knights of Pythias, I. O. O. F. and K. O. T. M., of Key- 
tesville, also a memljer of the Baptist church. He is a staunch free 
silver democrat and having l^een raised up according to that doctrine 
he has never veered from his course of training. 

HARLES H. TEMPLE, M. D., now located at Rockford, in 
Missouri township, is a prominent young physician, endowed 
with so))er and industrious haljits and good, moral character, and 
has made for himself a reputation that commands the practice of the 
entire territory of country surrounding Rockford. 

Our subject was born in Renick, Randolph county, Missouri, Aug. 
2, 1869, and is the son of I. C. and Ellen Temple, who still reside in 
Randolph county. The father and 
mother of this young man were 
born in Pennsylvania and Missouri, 

The su])iect of this sketch spent 
the earlier part of his life in the 
public schools of Randolph county, 
and at the age of eighteen took up 
a literary course at the Kirksville 
State Normal, where he studied 
hard for two terms. He afterwards 
returned to Randolph county and 
taught two terms in the public 
schools before entering u})on the 
study of medicine. He attended 
the St. Louis College of Physicians 
and Surgeons from which he grad- 
uated after a three-years' course. 
Soon after tinishing his medical 
course, our subject came to this county to try his fortune, and settled 
at Rockford, Avhere many of his fondest hopes are being realized 
in the way of a rich reward for his dilligence during the years of his 
youth. Our subject is a Master Mason, belonging with the member- 
ship of Morality Lodge No. 186, A. F. and A. M., of Renick. He is a 
member of the M. E. Church and affilliates with the repul^lican party. 




Saturday, Aiio'ust 8, 1896, was a most enjoyable daj^ for Chari- 
ton county's old settlers, who met in body in the grove on the east 
side of the public highway, one mile south of Keytesville, one of the 
most picturesque and suita))le spots in the county for an assemblage of 
this character, and ):)arring the extreme heat, the day was a model one 
for the old settlers' reunion. 

At an early hour, carts, buggies, carriages, spring and two-horse 
wagons began rolling in from every direction. They came on horse- 
back, on foot and on bicycles, and long before the noonday hour the 
crowd reached far beyond two thousand people, from all parts of the 
county, who came purposely to have a general good time, which they 
undoubtedly did, judging from all outward appearances. The old and 
the yoimg, alike, enjoyed the occasion in a manner that would fill the 
mind of the most inadvertent person on the ground with enthusiasm 

There are few people in this age who comprehend the many diffi- 
culties through which the first settlers of Chariton county passed from 
1818, when the first white child, Captain William Heryford, now de- 
ceased, was born, to the close of the civil war, in 1865. Those were 
times when the warhoop of the wild red' men were within earshot of 
the humble log huts of the precious few whites who inhabited the 
lonely prairies and forests of our county, which is now thickly settled 
with civilized people from all quarters of the glo])e. The wild Amer- 
icans, — the only true Americans — were not the only pests the early 
settlers had to contend with. The woods were full of wolves, panthers 
and other vicious beasts, looking for prey, that would as soon tackle 
a human being as anything that crossed their path. Those were days 
of stringent adversity, but notwithstanding all this there were many 
old people at Keytesville on this memora))le day, that passed through 
it all and are still hale and hearty, and looked as though they had stood 
the test of pioneer life much better than could be expected by an out- 
sider who has read the many histories of early western settlements. 

As soon as about five hundred people had assembled the order of 
business was looked to, and A. C. Vandiver mounted the rostrum, 
which was made large enough, and furnished with comfortable seats 
for the weary old pioneers of the county, and in a few well chosen 
words, called the meeting to order, after which J. A. Merchant, of 
Brunswick, the honored president of the association, came forth and 



made a few remarks as to orijani/tition, etc. He then called to mind 
the names of those of the old settlers that were missino; from the cir- 
cle in attendance that day. Amono- whom he named, Cai)tain ^^'il- 
liam Ileryford, fliidsji'e John M. Davis and Senator Andrew Mackay, 
who have since the meetinof of a year asfo, passed from earth to "The 
undiscovered country, from whose bourn no traveler returns," 
where, it is the wish of their many earthly friends left behind, that 
they may now be enjoy in"' that peace and hapy)iness that only Heaven's 
bi-ii^ht shores all'ord. 

Mr. Merchant, after a few other remarks introduced to the audi- 
ence, which by this time had fjrown in immensity, Col. W. F. Switz- 
Icr, of lioonville, the Nestor of Missouri editors, who addressed them 
on topics pertaininiii: to occasions of this kind. Col. Switzler was born 
in Fa\ ette county, Kentucky, and 





came when very younof with his 
father's f ami 1\ to Howard countv, 
in 182(); studied law in 1S4() under 
the insti'iiction of fIudo;e Abicl 
Leonard of Ka ette; moved to Co- 
lumbia in lcS4l and took editorial 
charii'd of the Patriot the same 
year; was iidmitted to the bar by 
Judo-c John I). Leland in 1S4L^ 
and established the Statexnuin in 
1848, vvhi(!h he conducted until 
1885, when he was a})pointed chief 
of the btu'cau of Statistics of the 
Treasury department. Represent- 
ed I'oonc county in the le<;islatur(^ 
several times; was a member of the 
Constitutional conventions of 18(),5 
and 187;"), and for three or four 
jears has been editor and publish 
er of the Dcmocrdt at lioonville. He is as vi^^orous in mind and body 
as a (juarter of a century ao^o. 

After C/olonel Svvitzler's address, Thomas Shakelford, of (irlas- 
o;ow, was introduced to the (U'owd, which was eaiier to hear more of 
Missoui'i's eai'ly history. Mr. Shackelford's address was shoi't, but to 
the point, and was jrreatly enjoyed by every one who had an opportu- 
nity of hearin<): it. (^uite an amount of valuable information was 


o;atlicrc(l from the spccchoH of these shifted «:entlcmcn, by the yoiino^or 

The writer has not in any way orivcn one-half of the details of this 
most enjoyable assemblage. The noon hour came at last, and not- 
withstandino; the immense crowd, there were len<»:thy tables, — fully 
two hundred feet in len<»'th had they been connected — that fairly 
o;roaned under the interminable weiti:;ht of a most delicious repast that 
was prepared especially for the occasion, that served to appease their 
appetites. When dinner was announced, the tables were soon crowd- 
ed to their utmost capacity. As soon as one person had satislied his 
or her hunsfcr they woidd drop out of line and leave room for some 
one else. The dinner was a success in every particular and the man- 
ao:emcnt of the edible portion of the profrram deserves ojreat credit 
for the manner in which that [)art was carried out. 

Shortly after dinner was over short talks were made by Rev. 
Willis Dockery, of Chillicothe ; Lucius Salisbury, formerly a resident 
of the county, but now of Kenton, Ohio ; Rev. (t. W. Hyde, of St. 
Louis, who was raised in the county ; and J. A. Merchant, of liruns- 
wick. Each of these oentlemen are well posted on the history of the 
early settlements of Chariton county, and their talks were ijreatly en- 
joyed l)y those interested in the att'airs of the darkest days in the annals 
of the county. 

Year by year the circle of these old veterans o-rows smaller and 
smaller, and in another ((uarter of a century they will have all passed 
to that haven of rest beyond. All that is most vivid and valuable in 
memory is fast disappearino-. It is for this reason, however, that no 
j)ersonal sketch of pioneer settlers, no matter how vividly drawn, or 
innnature in detail, can be classed as the work of mere vain <>'lory. 
The future will treasure them all the more, and as time ojoes on they 
will become more and more objects of real interest and value. The 
l)earint»- in mind of the pioneer is one that the pe()i)le of our country 
will never let fade. Its transmission is a })riceless ijift to the future. 

In this connection will be found l)elow a list of all the old settlers 
in attendance upon the reunion held at Keytesville, Auoi;ust 8, 189(5. 


The oldest person present at the reunion Aus^. S, ISOO, Avas 
"Aunt" Mary Givens, born in Mercer county, Kentucky, December 
1, 1811. In 1833 "Aunt Mary" accomi)anied by her iuisband, \A'm. 
Givens, emio:rated to this county, locatintr near Keytesville, where 


she has since resided. Mr. Givens died in 1866. Considering her age 
"Aunt Mary" yet enjoys good health and remarkable activity. 

To "Uncle" James Guthridge belongs the cridit of being the 
second oldest person at the above reunion. His l)irth occurred in 
Fauquier county, Va., March 1, 1813. His residence in Chariton 
dates from March, 1831. Soon after his arrival at this place "Uncle 
Jim" was employed by James Keyte to carry the mail from Keytes- 
ville to Old Chariton, the latter at that time being the county seat. 
"Uncle Jim" as he is best known to the citizens of Chariton county is 
an old time Jackson democrat, who has enjoyed rcmarkal)ly good 
health, and to-day looks ten years younger than his comrades. 

Wm. Stephenson, for 63 years a resident of Chariton county, 
was born in Mercer county, Ky., August 9, 1819. On coming to 
Missouri Mr. Stephenson settled about six miles north of Keytesville, 
where he j^et resides. His marriage to Ann Smith, of this county in 
1836 was a happy one until her death a few years since. 

R. H. Grubbs, better known as "Uncle Dick," of near Snapp, 
was born in Virginia, July 18, 1818, and located in the northern part 
of the county in 1832. In '41 he was married to a Miss Betsy Clark, 
of this county, whose death occurred in '66. "Uncle Dick" has since 
been twice married, the third occurring in July, '82, Mrs. Elmie Tay- 
lor becoming his wife. 

Mrs. Martha Patnott, seven miles north of Keytesville, while 
a resident of Missouri only 37 years and 32 years of Chariton county, 
was one among the oldest persons present. Her birth occurred in 
Hopkins county, Kentucky, in 1816. 

David D. Callaham, of Brunswick, was l)orn in Campbell county, 
Virginia, March 18, 1819, and imigrated to Missouri in 1844. Not- 
withstandnig the fact that Mr. Callaham has spent 52 years in the 
county, he has successfully resisted all tempting opportunites and has 
always enjoyed single blessedness. 

E. B. Smith, no doul)t the oldest physician in the county, was 
born in Kentucky in 1816 and located in Chariton county in 183T. 
Mr. Smith enjoyed the reunion equally as well as any one present. 

P. A. Ageo, of Bowling Green township, was liorn in Virginia 
in 1819 and has resided in Chariton county since 1838. 

James Gilliam, of near Keytesville, was born in Virginia in No- 
vember, 1818, and has resided in Chariton county for 43 years. Mr. 
Gilliam, for a gentleman of his years, has no complaint as to the 
health he enjoys. In speaking of the monetary (juestion he says he 


strongly favors the free and unlimited coinage of silver at 16 to 1, re- 
gardless of the action of any other nation. 

William W. Jones, one among the oldest of the early settlers in 
attendance at the reunion, was l)orn in Virginia, May 10, 1815. He 
was twice married, lirst to a Miss Patterson, second, to Miss Clarkson, 
both of whom arc long since deceased. Mr. Jones came to Missouri 
in 1839 and settled north of Keytesville, where he resided until a short 
time ago, when he removed to where he now resides, near Prairie Hill. 

Thomas L. Vandiver was born in Hampshire county, Virginia, 
Sept. 4, 1819. He was first married January 15, 1850, to Miss Eliz- 
abeth Heryford, deceased, and second, Nov. 29, 1879 to Miss Eliza 
Stark, who still lives to brighten his remaining days. Mr. Vandiver 
came to Marion county, Missouri, in 1828, and in '49 removed to 
Chariton county, and settled on a farm near Salisbury, where he has 
resided ever since. 

Charles C. Clifton, born in Bellows Falls, Vermont, May 17, 1819, 
is another old settler worthy of mention in this sketch of Chariton 
county history. In '52 he came to Missouri and settled on a farm in 
Mucle Fork township, near where the post-office of Mike is now 
located. In '51 he was married to Miss Margaret Bradshear, of this 
county, now deceased. He has had many ups and downs since he 
emigrated to Chariton county, but still retains good health, and is 
as si)ry as many of his younger acquaintances. 

Robt. P. Currin, one among the oldest of Chariton county's citi- 
zens was present at the reunion, shaking the hands of his old comrades 
<^)f by gone days. He is a native Missourian, having been Ijorn in 
Howard county, August 8, 1819, and was twice married, the first time 
to Mrs. Mary Frey, of Randolph county, in '50, and the second time 
in '67 to Susan J. James, of Hempstead county. Ark., both of whom 
have passed away and left him in his dotage to mourn their loss. He 
now resides on a farm in Keytesville township, but in his earlier days 
was a hatter by trade. 


To Mrs. Margaret C. Watson, belongs the credit of being the 
oldest native born citizen of Chariton county present at the reunion at 
Keytesville in 1896. Mrs. Watson was born January 15, 1822, and 
has always resided in this county. In april of 1840, she was united in 
marriage to George W. Sinnet, whose death occurred in 1842. 
Twelve years later she was united in marriage to George W. Watson, 
with whom she now happily resides in the southern part of the county. 


Mrs. Fruiices E. Ghrane, 6 miles north of Keytesville, was among 
the oldest native born citizens present on this occasion. Her birth oc- 
curred near Keytesville, October 6, 1823. On April 22, 1841, she was 
married to Samuel E. Stephenson, one of the early settlers of the 
county, whose death occurred in 1866. In March of 1884, she was 
married to Theo. F. Chrane, with whom she now resides at Chrane- 
ville. "Uncle Pete" Chrane, as best known in Chariton county, was 
born in Copenhagen, Denmark, April 9, 1821, but 9 years later emi- 
grated to this county, his father, Benj. F. Chrane erecting the second 
house in Keytesville. In 1844 he Avas united in marriage to Miss 
Sarah J. Hannah, of Randolph, with whom he liap|)ily lived for near- 
ly two score years, or until her death, December 25, 1882. Mr. and 
Mrs. Chrane now reside upon the old homestead farm at Chraneville 
enjoying amid peace, plenty and comfort, the pleasures of well spent 

B. F. Taylor, of Muscle Fork township, was l)orn in Chemung 
county. New York, July 29, 1823, and has resided in Chariton county 
for 29 years. In 1859 he was married to Frances .V. Chadwick, of 
Illinois, whose death occurred NovemI)er 9, 1889. 

Wm. H. Brummall, for 46 years a Charitonite, was born in CJum- 
berland county, Kentucky, in May of 1822. "Uncle Billy" as nearly 
every one knows him, has always been a great admirer of the gentler 
sex, but so far has failed to tind the ideal of his atf'ections. 

Robert V. Glenn, of Brunswick township, was born in Cam])bell 
county, Virginia, the 16th of Novem])er, 1821, and has resided in Char- 
iton county since 1853. October 12th, 1843, he was married to Miss 
Sarah Peerman, whose death occurred in 1866. On the 23rd of De- 
cember, 1873 he was married to Mrs. Tibitha P. Bell, her death oc- 
curring February 23, 1894. 

Another old settler of Chariton county presentat the reunion of 
'96, well and favorably known was Wm. P. Allega, born in Kentucky 
September 13, 1822. Mr. Allega was married to Louisa Newton 
February 29, 1845, which union was blessed by the birth of 8 children, 
four now living. Mr. Allega moved to this county in 1837. 

J. M. Akers, born in Virginia in '23, came to this county in '54, 
where he has since resided and occupied his time in farming. 

Peter M. Heaton, was born in Rappahannock county, Virginia, 
September 15, 1824.. Moved to Missouri in 1841, and to Chariton 
county in 1851. Was married April 1, 1850 to Matilda Green who 
was born June 15, 1832. 



Mrs. Matilda Foster was born in Virginia in 1S20 and has been a 
resident of this county a number of years. She is still in good health 
and will no doubt live to attend several more of the reunions of old 

James L. Veal, of near Long's Mill, born March 18, 1822, in Fay- 
ette county, Kentucky, was an attendant upon the reunion, looking as 
hale and hearty as though his youth was still retained. He came to 
Missouri in 1827, and settled in Chariton county. In 1815, on the 13th 
day of November, he was married to Miss Simmira Woods, who was 
born in Howard county April 5, 1852. He is a farmer by occupation, 

William Hedrick, of Westville, one of the oldest native born citi- 
zens of Chariton county, first saw the light of day Dec. 27, 1824, and 
has been a constant resident of the county since his birth. On the 
28th of Dec, 1843, he was married to Miss Nancy M. Duvall, who 
still lives to cheer him in his declining years. It is the wish of the 
friends of this aged couple that they may live to attend many more of 
the annual old settler's reunions. 

Erastus Butler, who lacks but a few months of being the oldest 
ioative oi Chariton county, was born near Salisbury, Oct. 18, 1822, and 


was married to Mary Jackson, a native of Howard county, in 1853. 
Mrs. Butler was born in 1826, and still lives to brighten a happy home. 
These old people can look back to the time Chariton county was termed 
the wild and wooly West, when the red man roamed the forests, and 
wolves and other ferocious beasts were numerous. 

John Nickerson, born Jan. 13, 1822, in Madison county, Ken- 
tucky, came to Missouri in 1835, and removed to Chariton county 
in 1838, settling on the old homestead where he now resides, three 
miles south-west of Salisbury. He was twice married ; the first time 
in 1842 to JNliss Eliza McDaniel, and in 1889 to Louisa J. Montgom- 
ery, who still lives. "Uncle John," as he is generally known, enjoys 
good health, and bids fair to attend many more old settler's reunions. 

Howard H. Richardson was born in Taswell county, Virginia, 
Dec. 11, 1824, and came to Missouri and settled in Chariton county 
near Salisbury in 1830, where he has been a life long resident. Mr. 
Richardson has stood at the matrimonial altar the second time. The 
first time July 15, 1851, when he was married to Louisa C. Wright, 
who has since died, and the second time April 20, 1859, when he was 
married to Lizzie M. Minor, Avho still lives to make his home bright 
and hai)py. His last wife was born March 13, 1831. 

Peter G. Agee was Ijorn in Buckingham county, Virginia, April 
19, 1825, and removed to Missouri with his parents and settled in 
Keytesville township of this county in 1838, where he has resided all 
these years in single blessedness. He enjoys good health and is as 
spry as a l^oy, still hoping that the apple of his eye may some day 
bob up serenely.'" Good wishes to him. 



Among the early pioneer settlers of Chariton county whose mem- 
ory is kindly cherished by the members of the Old Settlers' Associa- 
tion and whose presence was sadly missed at the reunion Aug. 8th, 
1896, due to their transition to the great unknown, we note the fol- 
lowing : 

Hon, Wm. Heryford, Chariton county's oldest native born citizen, 
who was born in Salisbury township, April 14, 1818. Capt. Hery- 
ford was a very prominent personage in the settlement of this county 
and led a life of unusual activity. A gentleman of dignified bearing, 
strict integiity of character and strong l^enevolence. His death oc- 
curred at his home in Salisbury Dec. 23, 1895, of hiccoughs, after an 
illness of three weeks. 


Judge John M. Davis, for seventy years a resident of Chariton 
county, died at his home in Brunswick April 23, 1896. His birth 
occurred in Nelson county, Kentucky, Sept. 2, 1817, and at the time 
of his death was 78 years, 7 months and 21 days of age. Judge Davis 
taught the first school ever taught in Brunswick and in after life oc- 
cupied many positions of prominence and usefulness in 
public affairs. In '65 he was admitted to practice law and formed a 
partnership with Col. C. W. Bell, now of Salisbury. In many re- 
spects, Judge Davis was a remarkal:)le gentleman; a christian man of 
untiring industry, vigorous intellect and wonderful memory, he com- 
manded the respect and admiration of all who knew him. 

Another gentleman whose recent demise was vividly called to 
memory by the old settle^-s present, was Senator Andrew Mackay, a 
gentleman of Irish parentage, who was born in the city of Baltimore, 
Maryland, on the 7th of March, 1321. The memory of this distin- 
guished citizen of early days of Chariton county will long be cherished 
by a host of old friends and acquaintances of bygone days. 


Hon. J. C. Crawley, of Keytesville, Chariton county, oldest lawyer 
now actively engaged in the practice of his profession, added to the 
l)leasure of the day by his presence. Mr. Crawley was born in How- 
ard county, jNIo., August 8, 1826 and celebrated his 70th birthday by 
shaking hands with his old comrades of days of the long ago. Mr. C. 
has been practicing law since 1846 and at Keytesville since 1851. 

Due to the intense heat of the day, and his indisposition. Col. Cas- 
per W. Bell, of Salisl)ury, was unal)le to be present at the reunion. 
Col. Bell is a native of the "Old Dominion" and was born February 
2, 1820, of Irish-English decent, and a decendant from two of the old- 
est families of the south. His residence in Chariton county dates 
from 18-13, when he located at Brunswick and engaged in the practice 
of law. His absence was observed and very much regretted by his 
friends of pioneer days present. August 6, 184-1 he was married to 
Miss Leontine Ewen, of Howard county, a lady of culture and refine- 
ment, who has traveled the rugged pathway of life as a faithful com- 
panion and wife for these fifty-two years. 

Abbot H. Jackson, born in Chariton county April 22, 1834, was 
among the enthusiastic patriots who celebrated "Missouri Day" at 
the old settlers' reunion Augi st 8, 1896. About 1850, while in the 
mountains of California, Mr. Jackson had his feet frozen, which 
afterwards necessitated amputation. Though his health was poor for 



some time, it is now good and he maintains a cheery humor. In 
early days, Mr. Jackson taught school in this county and his reminis- 
cence of pioneer school days are truly interesting. 

Judge Lucius Salisbury, one of the pioneer settlers and until re- 
cently a resident of Chariton county, but now of Kenton, Ohio, ac- 
companied by his most estimaljle lady, was a very happy guest of the 
reunion. Judge Salisbury was born in Vermont, June 11, 1824 and 
in 181.5 settled in Keytesville, engaging in the mercantile business. 
To his enterprise and unceasing industry, now stands the beautiful 
city of Salisbury, Mo. 

Due to the extreme heat, old age and feebleness of body a good 
number of old settlers of the county were unaljle to attend the reun- 
ion, yet many were present and from all outward appearance enjoyed 
the i)leasures of the day very much. 

In addition to the old settlers 

mentioned above, 

the following 

persons were present and enrolled: 





Gribble, W. C, 

Warren Co., Tenn. 1835. 


Hayes, Robert 




Green, James M. 




Sanders, W. H. 




Haynes, H. H. 

Chariton Co. 



Jenkins, Martha 

Chariton Co. 



Watkius, Geo. W. 




Moorman, B. F. 




Parks, Peterson 

Chariton Co 



Jaco, Oliver 




Srickler, Mrs. S. C, 




Walton, Maj. T. H. 




Henry, John 

W. Virginia. 



Coleman, E. B. 




Hershey, E- D. 




Moore, Alphonso 

Chariton Co. 



Cloyd, Jackson 




Dotson, Mrs. Abner 

Chariton Co. 



Wright, Wm. C. 




Allega, J. R. 




Recob, Wm. C. 




McCloud, T, B. 

W. Virginia. 



Rucker, Geo. W. 




Wright, Andrew J. 

Chariton Co. 



Cuddy, James 

Chariton Co. 





Vandiver, A. C. 
Walter, Wm. P. 
Hancock, David H. 
Garnett, Dr. H. T. 
Cock, Wm. M. 
Leonard, Wm. A. 
Agee, Robt. W. 
Knappenberger, Jno. 
Welch, F. M. 
Bennett, Murray 
Shannon, Charles 
Jackson, Abbot H. 
Gaines, Jasper N. 

Powell, A. J. 
Johnson, M. A. 

Coy, T. E. 

Smith, Peter 

Robertson, J. K. 

Perkins, A. J. 

Ford, Peter F. 

Grimsley, Wm. B, 

Patnott, Jno. 

Shackelford, J. T. 

Sublett, Thos. C. 

Walker, Phelix G. 

Hammilton, J. M. 

Winn, J. P. 

Rucker, Dr. M. J. 

Phelps, W. O. 

Newson, W. J. 

Wheeler, H. A. 

Hyde, G. W. 

Taylor, J. A. 

Dotson, Abner 

Ward, Mrs. M. A. 

Walton, Mrs. M. E. 

Wilson, Jno. W. 

Mayhew, Jno. T. 

Brown, Robert J. 

Gardner, Sam'l, B. 

Sportsman, Hugh 

Leonard, Mrs. L. 

Finnell, E. 

Finnell, Jasper N. 









Chariton Co. 


Chariton Co. 

Chariton Co. 

Chariton Co. 


Chariton Co. 

Chariton Co. 











Chariton Co. 













Chariton Co. 

Chariton Co. 

Chariton Co. 

Chariton Co. 

Chariton Co. 


























































































Blankenship. Susan E. 
McFarland, Mary E. 
Carskadden, Mollie 
Chapman, Geo. 
Hurt, W. B. 
Tippett. J. P. 
Harvey, Mrs. L. H. 
Ford, Joel H. 
Tillotson, W. J. 
J aggers, Levi 
Rice, G. C. 
Lutscher, Ganding 
Conrad, G. W. 
Martin, J. G. 
Johnson, M. A. 
Wright, F. M. 
Tisdale, R. H. 
Tisdale, Ann M. 
Phelps, J. A. C. 
Wrenn, James 
Hemton, John 
Taylor, A. S. 
Venable, F. K. 
Moredock, J. R. 
Prather, M. A. 
Mc New, G. W. 
Anderson, O. B. 
Laird, D. C. 
Hayes, Henry 
Virgin, H. S. 
McCollum, S. F. 
Merchant, J. A. 

Chariton Co. 

Chariton Co. 

Chariton Co. 



Chariton Co. 














New York. 



Chariton Co. 


Chariton Co. 




Chariton Co. 




































































TIXSELM C. JOHNSON, one of Chariton county\s oldest and 
most hiofhly respected citizens, was born in Lynehhursr, Cam]v 
bell covinty. Virsfinia, Dec. 15, 1811, the eldest of two children 
of Sibiirn and Mary (Clarkson) Johnson, also natives of the Old Do- 
minion. While our siil)ject was quite younof, the mother died and the 
father afterwards marryinof, abont 182.5, he went to live with his errand - 
father, a larofe planter of Breckinridge county, Kentucky. Soon after 
takinof up his residence in Kentucky, he beo^an the saddle and harness 
maker's trade, afterwards enofaorinor in for himself. On Sept. 




27, 1827 he was married to Miss Ann EIizal)eth Clarkson, a daughter 
of Ansehii Clarkson. In 1840 oar sidiject and wife, who had been 
blessed by the birth of two children, Julius H. and Mary L., con- 
cluded to move west, which they did, first stopping at Glasgow, Mo. , 
but soon after located at Keytesville. Here Mr. Johnson engaged in 
the harness and saddle business, continuing four years Avhen he decid- 
ed, with his increasing family, to move to the country and engage in 
farming. At first our subject only secured eighty acres of land, but 
as he prospered, continued to add to his possessions until he had se- 
cured over 500 acres of land. In 1861, at the outln-caking of the 
civil war, Mr. Johnson was in affluent circumstances and though a 
Southerner by birth and through sympathy, like many other men 
of Missouri, he was opposed to secession, believing his people could 
best succeed under the old flag, and contend for their li])erties. 
June 9, 1864:, at midnight, marauder Freeman visited the home of 
Mr. Johnson and arousing the family, arrested the father and 
two oldest sons, Julius and Buck, upon the charge of harboring and 
feeding "bushwhackers." After much abuse, the sons were released 
but the aged father was taken a prisoner to Keytesville where after 
a consultation with some prominent Union men he was released, 
after obtaining, by intimidations of bodily harm, 'iP300 in money and 


the promise of future protection. Tlie depredations committed in 
this county that week were indeed horrible. On Saturday of that 
week this oranff visited Mr. Johnson's home a second time with avow- 
ed intention of hanging him and his sons, liut tinding them gone they 
proceeded to phmder the house, afterwards liurning the buikling to 
the ground. Freeman, who claimed to ))e a Union detective, but in 
reality a highway roblier, was afterwards arrested at Bucklhi by 
government officials and imprisoned. 

Mr. Johnson and his faithful wife, assisted by their children, re- 
doubled their diligence and "Phoenix" like erected another dwelling 
over the ashes of the one so ruthlessly destroyed. To "Uhcle An- 
selm," as he is best known, and his life companion were gi^■en fifteen 
children, as follows: Julius H., born Sept. 27, 1S35; Mary L., 
Sept. 10, 1837; Calb L., March 8, 1840; Marcellius A., Feb. 3, 
1842; Elvira A., Jan. 17, 1844; Tibathat, Dec. 29, 184.5; James F., 
Nov. 11, 1847; infant son, July 26, 1849; Eldridge W., July 14, 
18.50; Eliza, Jan. 29, 1852; Cornelius, May 8, 1854; infant son, Sept. 
26, 18.56; Sterling P., May 2, 1857; P:iizal)eth E., Aug. 29, 1860; 
and Sydney E., Feb, 8, 1862. Of these, nine are now living, togeth- 
er with thirty grand children and sixteen great grandchildren. 

These good old people, honored and respected by all who know 
them, with two grand-children whom they have raised, are quietly 
spending the eve of a well spent life at the home of their son, James 
F. Johnson, at the old family homestead, seven miles northeast of 
Keytesville, where they have walked hand in hand for over sixty- 
years down the checkered stream of life. 

^ZRA D. HEKSHEY, our present subject, is a resident of 
Keytesville township, and was ))orn in Washington county, 
Maryland, September 14, 1827. His parents moved to Missouri 
in 1841 and settled in Howard county where they resided for four 
years before coming to Chariton county, settling seven miles south- 
east of Keytesville. There Ezra D. grew up spending his youth as- 
sisting in the farm work and attedning the public schools of the com- 
munity. In 1849, when the gold craze In-oke out in California, he 
was a young man twenty-two years of age, and could not be long 
restrained from trying his fortune in the gold fields of the Pacific 
slope, and in 1850 he was one of a number who made their way 
across the trackless western plain, to the land of the setting sun. 
He followed mining out there for about one year before returning 








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home to Missouri 
where he could 
hear the honest 
watch (loo;'s w^el- 
conie bark. Here 
he resumed farni- 
ino-, and on the 
!»th. of February, 
1 N ,"» 4 he mar- 
ried Miss Amanda 
Guthridge, of this 
county, who was 
born at the pres- 
e n t homestead, 
Apr. 22, 18?>2, and 
was the dauo-hter 
of John and P]liza- 
beth (Smith) Guth- 
ridoe, natives of 
Viroinia. Of this 
union were born 
seven children, as 
follows: May, now 
Mrs. Charles Yancey, of near Guthridge Mill; John M.; Walter K.- 
Mollie, now Mrs. Lewis Wheeler, of Keytesville; Olive, now Mrs. 
Walter Ilorton, of Randoli)h Sprino^s; Ezra D. Jr., and Harry. One 
other, little George, wIk) passed to that bright and happy land of 
everlasting rest beyond the sky. 

Mr. Hershey's parents were both natives of Maryland, our sub- 
ject ])eing the third of a family of eight children. He is a staunch 
democrat, who can be relied upon in all cases, he having affiliated 
with that political party all his life. He is also an honored member 
of the Masonic fraternity. Mr. Hershey is a gentleman of sterling 
worth to the community in which he lives, and highly respected by 
all Avho know him. 

THRAIM P. MOORE. Our subject is a resident of Bowling 
Green township, and lives one and one-half miles east of Dalton. 
He was born in Chariton county, one and one-half miles south- 
west of Keytesville in 1867, and is the son of J. J. and Eliza Moore, 




both of whom were born in the county. Mr. Moore's o;randfathcr, 
John G. Moore, was also born in this county and was the first white 
child born within its limits, and held many prominent positions of 
trust at the hands of his people. 

Our subject was reared on a farm, where he spent the o;i-eater 
portion of his life, except during the four years his father held the 
oflSce of sheriff of the county, when he acted as deputy sherifi:'. His 
great grandfather, also named John G. Moore, came to this county in 
1816 and was the first sheriff of the county. 

On February 10, 1890, our sul>ject was married to Miss Zettie 
Patterson, who is also a native of the county and is the daughter of 
Mrs. W. H. Patterson, who now resides on a farm near Forrest 
Green. Of this union our subject and wife are the happy parents of 
little James Harvey, who was born Septem))er 30, 1893, and is the joy 
of the household. 

Mr. Moore owns 240 acres of as fine land as can he found in the 
state, which is well improved in a manner convenient to farming pur- 
suits. He is in a proserous condition and has everything at hand to 
carry on his business in a most business like manner. 

Our subject bids us state that he is a democrat of the first water, 
and that he has not a relative on earth that is not of the same political 
belief. In 1888 he made the race for sheriff on the democratic ticket, 
but owing to his not beccming of age until a few da3S before the gen- 



eral election in Noveml)er of that year he was defeated by only a 
small majority by a man nearly three times his age. But notwith- 
standino; his defeat in early life, he still stands ready to do all in his 
power for democracy. 

!!|il|NDREW J. SHUMACHEK, the orentleman whose name heads 
* II this sketch and one of Chariton county's most successful citizens 
and farmers now residing upon section 1-54-18, is a native 
Missourian, his birth having occurred in Pike county, October 14, 
1850. Hiel Shumacher, the father, was a native of North Carolina, 
but located in Pike county, Mo., as early as 1819. His death occurred 
in January 1894, Annie Corey, the mother, was born in Jefferson 
county New York, ])ut when five years of age, with her parents moved 

to this state. By 
her union with H. 
Shumacher, ten 
e h i I d r e n were 
born, seven now 
living, our sub- 
ject being the 

Andrew J. was 
reared upon the 
farm and educa- 
ted in the public 
schools of his na- 
tive county. At 
an early day he 
adopted farming 
as an occupation 
in which . he has 
met with abun- 
dant success. His 
residence in this 
county began in 
1873, when he 

located near Prairie Hill, where he remained for seven years. In 
1880 he purchased 120 acres of land in Keytesville township, which he 
has since greatly improved. In addition to a comparatively new and 
substantial cottage residence, Mr. Shumacher has good out buildings 



and a fine orchard. With the exception of about 12 acres of timbered 
pasture, the land is all in cultivation and well fenced. 

On Octeber 11, 1880 our subject was united in marriage to Miss 
Martha Corey, a most worthy lady and a citizen of this county. Ke- 
lio;iously, Mr. and Mrs. Shuraacher are earnest and conscientious 
members of the Primitive Baptist church. Politically, our subject is 
a democrat and an enthusiastic supporter of the free and unlimited 
coinage of silver at a ratio of sixteen to one. 

I J EG. K. Al^AMS, an honored and respected citizen and a promi- 
nent merchant of Indian Grove, Mo., was ])orn three and one-half 
miles south of that place, October 19, 1862, the son of W. C. 
and Nancy (BcAvley) Adams, beinof the second member of a family of 
eight children, two boys and six girls. Reared upon a farm and edu- 
cated in the pul)lic schools of the district, in 1887 our sul)ject entered 
the drug business at Indian Grove, Mo., which he continued until 1890 

when he disposed of his business to open \i\) a general merchandise 
establishment, in which business he is still engaged, enjoying a lucra- 
tiv^e patronage. 

On March 15, 1892, he was married to Miss Matilda Perrin, of 


this county, and a daughter of Josephus and Matilda Perrin, former 
residents of Macon county. The fruits of this union is one child, Ina 
Ruth Adams, born January 1, 1893, a bright and pretty child, who is 
the pride of their fireside. 

Our subject is one of the most prominent citizens of his locality 
and is highly respected by all who know him. He has always been 
upright and square in all his dealings with his fellowman, and is 
noted for his honor and veracity. He is a true blue democrat and an 
honored member of the Knights of the Maccaljees. 

IjNDIAN GROVE, one of the leading inland trading points of Char- 
I ■j iton county, is situated upon a very high plateau in Brunswick 
^ township, about ten miles northwest of Keytesville, and is sur- 
rounded by as fine a farming, stock raising and fruit growing country 
as is to be found in the state. 

The citizens of the village and vicinity are a thrifty, enterprising 
and intelligent class of people, who have accomplished much towards 
the development and improvement of their locality. They dwell in 
substantial, and in many instances handsome residences; have good 
out buildings and barnes, good fences, fine orchards and the best of 

The village of Indian Grove is comparatively young, in point of 
years, the first business house, a little box shanty used also for resi- 
dence purposes, being erected in 1880 by J. H. Heck, who opened up 
a small line of goods and secured the establishment of a post oflice, he 
receiving the appointment as the first postmaster. At present the 
village has three general stocks of dry goods and groceries, one drug 
store, one blacksmith shop, and one implement house. All carry good 
stocks and are amply prepared to answer all demands of their trade. 

At the Grove are two large and substantial church edifices, occu- 
pied by healthy, active congregations. The Catholic church was 

erected in 1885, at a cost of 12,000 and is indeed a credit to the reli- 
gious zeal of its members. The Old School Presbyterians have a nice 

building, well furnished and conveniently located and have enjoyed a 
very successful career. 

Among the civic societies of the village that have contributed 
materially to the moral and social conditions of the neighborhood 
since their organization are the Masonic and Knights of the Maccabee 
fraternities. The Sons of Veterans and the Grand Army of the Re- 
public also have strong camps at this pretty little village. 



The social and moral influences of Indian Grove and vicinity are 
([uite strong and hiohly desirable and the party seeking a new location 
among the rural districts of Chariton county, with good mail services 
and first class educational advantages can tind a suitable home among 
the hospitable peo])le of Indian Grove. 

AMES F. JOHNSON, a resident of Chariton county, was born 


-^'^j at the old family homestead, November 11, 1S17, being the 
^^ seventh child of a family of flfteen children of Anselm C. and 
Ann Eliza Johnson, a sketch of whom ai)pears elsewhere. James F. 
was reared upon the farm and received the educational advantages of 

the home district, until 1861 when 
unfortunately, the breaking out of 
the war ended his schooling. 
Being ambitious for an education 
and undaunted by adversities he 
continued his studies at home and 
Ijy close application and constant 
improvement of his leisure time, 
succeeded in accjuiring a good 
practical education. Mr. John- 
son is one of those men who 
l^elieve in making every day a 
school in which we can learn some 
valual)le lesson or problem or per- 
form so lie kind act. Pearly in 
life he acquired a love for tools 
and l)eing naturally of a mechan- 
ical disposition, he devoted the 
greater portion of his leisure 
moments to tools and books, thereby shunning the many bad habits of 
intemperance and immorality. As he grew older, his love for 
mechanics continued until he not only mastered the profession, but 
succeed in building up a large and lucrative l)usiness as a contractor, 
furnishing remunerative employment to (juite a number of men. 
Politically, our subject was an ardent supporter of the democratic 
party for over twenty-five years, but is now an earnest advocate of 
the Peoples' Party. He is a gentleman who believes in principle 
above party, and is just as earnest, sincere an advocate of the latter 
party as he was a democrat. At present he is chairman of the 6th Sena- 



torial district of the Peoples' Party. In the balmy days of the Far- 
mers' and Laborers' Union, our subject was an active and enthusiastic 
worker in the cause and at one time county organizer. Fraternally, 
Mr. J. is a member of Keytesville Lodge I. O. O. F., No. 447. In 
addition to a well improved farm of 100 acres, seven miles northeast 
of Keytesville, he owns a half interest in the mercantile establishment 
of Clarkson & Johnson at Eccles, Mo. 

MESTVILLE, one of the oldest trading points in the county sit- 
uated otf the railroad, was laid out in August 1857 by Wm. S. 
West, M. D., section 22, township 56, range 18, located upon 
the southeast of the southwest quarter. Its first business establish- 
ment was conducted by Smith & Hagler, who also performed the 
duties of postmaster. Upon the death of Mr. Smith, Mr. Hagler 
closed the business out, after which a Mr. Savage, a Methodist minister 
of Howard county,* engaged in business there and was soon joined by 
one Charles Rigg. Dr. West was the first physician of the neighbor- 
hood. Since its earliest days this village has been a very popular 
trading point for a large number of thrifty and progressive citizens of 
that locality. 

At present the village has one general stock of merchandise, 
one drug store, one blacksmith shop and a ho-tel. In 1873 a Grange 
hall was erected near Westville, but in 1880 it was sold to the Metho- 
dist and Presbyterian congregations, who moved the building to the 
town and have since used it for religious purposes. Among some of 
the early settlers of this cotnmunity, we mention Henry Clark, Ar- 
thur Withers, Thomas Bell, deceased, and Wm. Hedrick and John 
Smith, now past the three-score and ten mile post, yet enjoying 
health and prosperity. 

Westville Lodge, No. 202., A. F. & A. M., was instituted in 1858 
with eight charter members, but in '63 the lodge was discontinued 
and a new charter granted three years later, with A. N. Langston as 
Worshipful Master. The original charter members of the lodge were 
as follows: W. H. Callison, N. A. Langston, J. E. Disard, Wm. 
Vinson, Wm. Smith, Dr. W. S. West, I. K. Stephenson, and DeWitt 
Hainds. The lodge now (1896) is in a healthy, active condition. 
Officers are as follows: Wesley Ellis, Worshipful Master; G. W. 
McClure, Senior Warden; James Duvall, Junior Warden; J. H. Cupp, 
Secretary and I. C. Couch, Treasurer. 



To the fact that the attorneys of Chariton county recognize and 
respect the counsel of that wise old philosopher, Bacon, when he said, 
"1 hold every man a debtor to his profession; from which as men do 
receive countenance and profit so ought they of <luty to endeavor 
themselves by way of amends to be a help and an ornament thereto," 
must be ascril)ed no small share of the respect, influence and honors 
won by the members of the Chariton County Bar. It is now almost 
universally conceded that no class of men is of more value to a com- 
munity than the members of the bar; that are more loyal, more intel- 
ligent, enterprising or possess a higher standard of morality and 
manliness. Inasmuch as the path of a nation's progress towaids the 
highest civilization is traced by its changing laws, it is not without 
reason that America entrusts to the mem))ers of the profession, the 
vast majority of the cares of state. That the foregoing statements are 
true, were never more clearly demonstrated than it has been in this 
county. From the earliest beginning of the county they have been 
foremost in promoting its interests, fostering its institutions and con- 
firming its ambitions as actualities. They have taken the leadership 
in its civil and political organizations, its social circles, its religious 
and educational enterprises and material develo})ment. Whether it 
was a railroad wanted; capital needed, mines to be opened, farms to be 
filled with settlers, or, new opportunities of any kind to be turned to 
practical account, the lawyers were assigned a responsible position by 
the citizens committee. 

There's no trade, no earthly occupation, reserved strictly for 
saints. There are preachers who lie, grocers that give short weights 
and even imperfect newspaper men. It would be strange if among 
those who have composed the Chariton County Bar at sometime there 
were not some unworthy of the profession. But, to the judges of this 
county and the able and honorable men who guide the destinies of the 
Chariton County Bar Association, the people look with confidence for 
the thorough disinfection of the court rooms of this county at a very 
early date. The Chariton County Bar needs no eulogy. Its record 
speaks. No county of 30,000 people presents a brighter galaxy. 
Their chain of victories extend far and near and yet their past and 
present honors are petty in comparison with those yet to come. Each 
year the standard is higher, the struggle for excellence more intense. 
Even the youngest lawyers have caught the spirit and have formed a 
kind of mental athletic society of their own that they may be more 



able to cope with their older antagonists. Below we give the names 
of those who constitute the Chariton County Bar. 



Hon. W. W. Rucker, 
H. B. Richardson, 
J. C. Wallace, 
J. E. Dempsey, 
Wm. Ballinger, 

Circuit Judge. 

Circuit Clerk. 

Prosecuting Attorney. 




W. S. Stockwell, 

A. W. Johnson, 

C. W. Bell, 

W. H. Bradley, - 

C. C. Hammond, 

A C. Yocum, 

P. D. Mitchell, 

J. M. Adams, 

T. P. Schooler, 

J. C. Crawley, 

C. B. Crawley, 

J. C. Wallace, - 

O. F. Smith, 

J. M. DeMoss, - 

J. A. Collet, 

Ed T. Miller, - 

T. T. Elliott, 

H. C. Minter, 

L. N. Dempsey, 

Charles G. Singleton, 

J. O. Shaughnessey, 

Wm. H. Lewis, 

O. P. Ray, 

C. Hammond, 

P. S. Rader, 

L. Benecke, 

J. W. Davis, 

Lee J. Davis, 

Wm. J. Perkinson, 

C. B. Adams, 

F. C. Sasse, 






IJSHBOURN S. TAYLOR, born Aug. 4, 1845, in Mason county, 
Kentucky, is the subject of this sketch. He came to Chariton 
county, Missouri, in December, 1860, and settled on the farm 
he now occupies two miles north of Keytesville, He is the son of J. 
W. and Elizabeth (Knight) Taylor, the former deceased in 1888, but 
the latter still lives. 

Our subject was educated in Kentucky, before removing to Mis- 
souri, after which he was engaged for several years in teaching and 

;,,; .i%'\ >y«t^f 


gA^ *'N *& 'V ^ 


farming. He was married April 7th, 1870, to Louisa A. Staples, 
daughter of William and Belinda Staples, natives of Kentucky; of 
which union tive children were born; one of whom, Frank, was thrown 
from a horse while going to Sunday School, receiving injuries from 
which he died in a day or two. Those living are J. William, now a 
teacher in Keytesville ])ublic school; Alice, now Mrs. M. Bennett; 
Bert aged 17 and Lizzie aged 12 who reside at home with their 

Our subject was for a number of years a Ijreeder and shipper of 
Poland China hogs until the fall of 1895 when the cholera struck his 
herd and destroyed many of them, since which time he has not been 
engaged in that business on a very extensive scale. He owns 240 acres 
of fine land two miles north of Keytesville, all in cultivation. 


The family of oiir subject are all meni))ers of the Cnniberland 
Presbyterian Church, and he is a staunch Democrat politically. He is 
a refined and cultured o^entleman who conmiands the respect of all who 
know him. 


Perhaps no subject is mentioned, in our Record, that is more 
deserving of our highest res^ard than the one under consideration. 
We delight to honor and laud any class of people that has for its aim 
the Ijetterment of mankind; the attainment of a more perfect state in 
this life and the preparation for the life beyond. 

This is the end the "ideal" teacher must constantly keep in view. 
We claim that no teacher is a success in the school-room, notwith- 
standing the world may think him so, who fails to keep this end in 

In no vocation in life is there so favorable an opportunity of mak- 
ing the child just what the Creator of mankind intended than in the 
profession of teaching. 

It matters not how successful a teacher may be in teaching the 
child all the technicalities of the various text books at his command, if 
he fails to instill into his mind good and sound moral principles, he 
has in the main failed in his life work. The moral and religious train- 
ing is the ground work, the mud-sill, as it were, of all true greatness. 

If asked the question — what profession is doing the greatest 
amount of good in the world to-day, the response would be almost 
unanimous in favor of the ministry. 

However true this may seem in the end attained through the 
instrumentality of their labors, we cannot discountenance the noble 
part the faithful teacher does in the preparation of the child mind for 
the reception of the truths later presented from the Word of Life. 
Some one has said — "Give me your children until they are twelve 
years old and you may have them the rest of their lives." Such is the 
power the teacher has over his pupils that the impressions made in 
early life upon their minds cannot easily be erased. Hence we feel 
proud of the men and women who are devoting their lives to the great 
work of uplifting the human family, by first preparing the boys and 
girls of our land for their real mission in life, viz. that of true citizen- 
ship. In this connection we are douldy proud of the teachers of 
Chariton County and can without any display of egotism say that they 
are the equal, in intelligence and professional training, of any band 
of teachers in our entire state. 










I— I 







Since the organization of Chariton County it has been the boast 
of her citizens, as well as their pride, that her teachers were progress- 
ive and earnest in their work, and as they left her borders and found 
homes in other counties and even beyond the l)orders of their native 
state, that they invariably captured the ))est positions and took a high 
rank among the members of their profession. Perhaps, however the 
greatest stimulus ever given the teachers of our county, has been 
through the working of the present Institute Law. Year after year 
the successful teacher is seized with an ardent desire for better pro- 
fessional training and in no way can the teacher, educated in the 
schools of the rural districts, better secure this training than in the 
Annual County Institute. 

The first Institute ever held in Chariton County under the new 
law met with many embarrassments and the teachers generally felt 
that a hardship was being worked upon them, in taking of their time 
and means in order to secure credentials for teaching. This feeling 
has long since been dispelled and the opponents of the law are now its 
warmest supporters, and teachers look forward with pleasure to the 
meeting of the Annual Institute. 

The teachers are not alone in their support of the County Insti- 
tute, but are greatly helped by the various school directors throughout 
the county. They too, have become thoroughly imbued with the idea 
of having teachers who have received special training and are fast 
weeding out the non-professionals from our schools. 

As a result our rural districts are supplied with teachers that give 
to their pupils training, that fits them to enter schools of higher rank 
and prepares them for the ordinary vocations of life. 

All hail, to the noble band of nearly 200 young men and women 
who are doing so much for the cause of education in Chariton County. 

Chariton's corps of teachers. 
Below we give the names and addresses of those who were present 
at the Institute at Brunswick, Mo. , in 1896. The list is not complete, 
due to our inability to secure a copy of the complete enrollment, and 
to the fact that a number of Chariton's corps of teachers holding 1st 
grade and two year certificates did not attend this session of the In- 


Agee, E. D Keytesville Hancock, Mary. Keytesville 

Adams, Chris Snapp Hughes, C. W Miami 



Austin, M. E Jonesburg 

Adkinson, Richard Dalton 

Anderson, J. J Salisbury 

Bruner, Frank Brunswick 

Butts, Mrs. Belle Salisbury 

Brewer, Mary Keytesville 

Burrus, Lula Brunswick 

Baker, C. W Brunswick 

Bruce, Carrie Brunswick 

Bell, Cora Triplett 

Bridge, O. M Mendon 

Bruce, CM Brunswick 

Bell, Mattie Triplett 

Berringer, Nora Newcomer 

Brewer, Mattie Dalton 

Bogard^ Ethel Mendon 

Bruce, J. C . . Brunswick 

Baker, Maude Brunswick 

Baker, C. W Brunswick 

Cram, Maud Shannondale 

Callahan, Ida Marceline 

Cox, Ada Eccles 

Clark, Christine Bynumville 

Cox, Ora C Salisbury 

Cox, Elba Sumner 

Clarkson, Clara Salisbury 

Carlstead, Claude Sumner 

Colley, A. M Westville 

Duvall, Emma Mike 

Dotson, Gertrude 

Davenport, Pearl Dalton 

Davenport, Cora Brunswick 

Drace, W. S . . . Keytesville 

Earl, C. H. V Marceline 

Fray, Minta Salisbury 

Forman, F. A Brunswick 

Faller, Alice Indian Grove 

Fleet, Rebecca . Salisbury 

Fray, Helen Salisbury 

Fulbright, Joe Rothville 

Gilliam, Polly Brunswick 

GrifBth, Adeline Brunswick 

Griffith, Gertrude Brunswick 

Horton. F. S ..... . . . . Shannondale 

Heiman, E. H Shannondale 

Hardesty, S Sumner 

Heaton, Thos. J Salisbury 

Henderson, Jessie Indian Grove 

Isle, Lola Brunswick 

Jeter, Claude Keytesville 

Jones, Rosa L Brunswick 

Krattle, M Dalton 

Kennedy, Bessie Brunswick 

King, Emma Marceline 

Kennedy, Monima Brunswick 

Kulher, Benj Keytesville 

Knott, Albert Westville 

Kuntz, Evelyn Salisbury 

Kuecher, Olga Brunswick 

Lewis, Ida Bynumville 

Mann, Millie Keytesville 

Meyer, Lora Shannondale 

Moorman, L. A Marceline 

Moorman, F. A Brunswick 

McCampbell, Mirtie. ...Guthridge Mill 

McDonald, Orpha, Salisbury 

Mitchell, Dollie Indian Grove 

Pherson, Flora Triplett 

Penrod, Rosa Westville 

Prather, W. H Muscle Fork 

Rickman, Lillie Brunswick 

Ramsey, Lily Bynumville 

Showers, Ida Brunswick 

Singleton, Alma Indian Grove 

Strickler, Ada Rothville 

Smith, Alice Brunswick 

Stowers, J. F Keytesville 

Spencer, Pearl Forrest Green 

Venable, Anna Rothville 

Vinson, Rose Marceline 

Webb, C. C Dalton 

Wilson, Gertie '. Newcomer 

Willett, Nora Marceline 

Williams, Minnie Glasgow 

Warhurst, C. O Shannondale 

Warhurst, Mattie Shannondale 



Gilliam, Levia Brunswick West, George Keytesville 

Guthridge, Lizzie Mendon Willett, Carrie Keytesville 

Harper, Sallie Brunswick Welch, E. J Musselfork 

Harper, Tillie Brunswick Watson, Jennie Salisbury 

Horton, Carrie Salisbury Zimmerman, Minnie Brunswick 

fOHN P. BECKER, born in Lansing, Iowa, September 21, 1867, 
the subject of this sketch is an influential and enterprising citizen 
of Bee Branch Township, now located at Wein, and is the son of 
John P, and Francis (Mahrer) Becker. The father a native of Ger- 
many and the mother a native of Switzerland, who met and married in 
Iowa, and were the parents of three children two bo^s and a girl, the 
latter of whom is a twin sister to our subject, and is married to a Mr. 
Klos, of Indiana. 

Our subject was reared at Lansing where he followed mercantile 

pursuits for 
twelve years 
when he came to 
Chariton County 
and entered the 
mercantile busi- 
ness at New Cam- 
hvisi for some 
time, when he 
came to Salisbury 
and remained till 
1886, when he 
removed to Wein 
where he was 
elected collector 
of Bee Branch 
Township for 
seven years and 
has also been act- 
ively engaged in 
the mercantile 
business at that 
Our subject was married to Miss Catharine Recker, of Quincy, 
111., and her parents are natives of Germany. Their married life has 



been short up to this time but has been a pleasant one owing to the 
fact that Mr. Becker's wife is a lady of culture and refinement and 
capable of making him a wife to make a home happy in every respect. 
Politically our subject is a democrat, and is a commissioned Notary 
Public. He is a member of St. Mary's Catholic church. 

ALVIN C. HURST, M. D., the subject of this sketch is a promi- 
nent professional young man in the capacity of a physician at 
Shannondale and was born in Chariton County three miles south 
of Salisbury where he was reared and attended the public schools of 
the district until he had reached the age of eighteen years, after which 
he attended Pritchett Institute at Glasgow for one term, at the close 
of which he began teaching as a profession and taught three consecu- 
tive sessions. He then attended the State Normal at Kirksville one 
year and then resumed teaching for a number of years before taking 

up a course in the State Univer- 
sity at Columbia and returned to 
Chariton county, locating at Sal- 
isbury where he taught two years 
in the public school of that city- 
He then removed to Roanoke 
and taught some yeais in the 
public school at that place. Prof. 
Hurst, after his long term of 
years in the school room, con- 
cluded to take up the study of 
midicine, which he did in Salis- 
bury for one year before attend- 
ing Marion-Simms College of 
medicine during the session of 
1893-94, after which he attended 
the Missouri Medical Cbllege at 
St. Louis where he graduated in 
March, 1896. Shortly after his 
graduation Mr. Hurst located at Shannondale where he is now enjoy- 
ing a good practice. 

During his entire term of school-room affiliations he was success- 
ful, notwithstanding the many difficulties that attend the duties of a 



teacher, and it is the profound wish of his many friends that he may 
be as successful in the practice of medicine, in which he is takinof 
great interest. 

JLIVER P. RAY. The subject of this sketch is a prominent 
'4lm youno; hiwyer of Keytesville, Missouri, who by hard labor and 
perseverance has attained a hio;h standing in his community, and 
is well and favoral^ly known throughout Chariton county. He is the 
eldest son of a family of ten children, all of whom were born and 

reared on Chariton county soil. 
Our subject was born Feb. 27, 
1871, on a farm near Salisbury 
where he lived with his parents, 
Lewis F. and Sarilda A. Ray, who 
were born in Linn and Chariton 
counties respectively. He receiv- 
e<l an average public school edu- 
cation Avhile he remained at home. 
In 1891-92 he attended the Normal 
school at Stanberry, Missouri, and 
returned to Chariton county, 
where his time was occupied in 
teaching, farming and reading law, 
at odd times, until 1895, when he 
removed to Keytesville, and put 
in his full time reading law until 
April, 1896, when he was admitted 
to the Chariton county bar. He was soon elected and is at present 
Keytesville's City Attorney. Mr. Ray was married August 23, 1893, 
to Miss Margaret E. White, who was born March 6, 1871, in the old 
McLain house at Appomattox, Virginia, where Lee and Grant signed 
recapitulation })apers. She is the daughter of Capt. J. H. White, a 
prominent farmer and stock grower residing near Hamden who is 
widely known ])y Chariton county citizens as a gentleman of true en- 
terprise and personal worth. 

The subject of this sketch is a memljer of Keytesville Lodge No. 
477, I. O. O. F., also a Master Mason of Warren Lodge No. 74, A. F. 
& A. M., of Keytesville, and a "dyed in the wool" Bryan democrat, 
and is at present engaged in the practice of law, 



ISWALD S. SCROGGIN was born in Chariton county on the 
farm wliere he now resides, June 4, 1856. He is the son of Dr. 
F. M. and Mattie Scrog_o;in, the former of whom was born in 
Woodford county, Ky., Aug. 8, 1819 and came to Chariton county in 

1841. The latter was a native of 
Virginia, having been born in 
Rockingham county of that state 
Sv\)t. 10, 1828, and came to this 
comity in 1836. The father of our 
subject has been dead for a num- 
l)cr of years, while the mother 
still lives and resides in Salisbury. 
Our subject has spent the greater 
portion of his life on the farm 
where he now makes his home, 
and on Feb. 5, 1880, was married 
to Miss Rebecca V. Gunn, who 
was born -July 21, 1860, and was 
the daughter of Thomas and Susan 
O. Gunn, who were two of the 
early settlers of the county. The 
former was a native of North Car- 
olina and was born in Tasvvell Co. 
The latter was Ijorn in Owensljoro, Ky. They both came to this 
county in 1829. 

Our subject and wife are the parents of four children, viz; Leslie, 
born Nov. 12, 1881; Rheba, born May li», 1885; Orin, born July 23, 
1890; and Ollie S., ])orn July 12, 1893. Mr. Scroggin is one of Char- 
iton county's most energetic and prosperous farmers and owns 240 
acres of as line land as can be found in this section of the state, half of 
which is situated in Howard county. He has always been a democrat 
and is now a staunch supporter of free and unlimited coinage of silver, 
and ffold at a ratio of 16 to 1. 


Prominent among the manufact- 
Ilir| uring enterprises of Keytesville is the Big Si)rings Distillery, 
established in 1890 and the property of Jos. F. Hansmann & Bro. 
The present valuation of the plant is |1.5,000. From its inception it 
has been a success, highly gratifying to the proprietors. The plant 
has a capacity of 300 gallons of whiskey per day, and is supplied with 
















a 35-horse power engine and a 75 H.-P. boiler. It is furnished 
throughout with all the latest and most improved equipments neces- 
sary, and we do not misrepresent the facts when we state that it is as 
good a plant as is to be found anywhere. During the 6 months of its 
operation each year, it not only furnishes employment to a number of 
hansd at remunerative wages, but affords a good market for a portion 
of the corn and rye raised in the neighborhood of Keytesville. The 
accompanying illustration is a faithful likeness of the l)uilding togeth- 
er with the United States bonded warehouse in connection. Among 
the leading brands manufactured we mention "Little Kentuck" and 
"Old Chariton Rye." 

The gentlemen who own and operate this establishment are 
among Keytesville's most industrious, enterprising and substantial 
citizens, respected for their integrity and personal worth. In addition 
to the a))ove establishment they own and conduct one of the two sa- 
loons of Keytesville. 

flLLIAM C. WRIGHT. The subject of this sketch is one 
among the oldest, most influential, highly respected and best 
known citizen of Salisbury township. He was born in How- 
ard county March 17, 1830, and was the son of Wm. C. and Mary 

(Burgher) AVright, who were na- 
tives of Madison county, Ken- 
tucky, and were there married. 
They came to Howard county, 
Missouri, where they remained 
until 1850, when they removed to 
Chariton county, where they lived 
until 1855, when the cold finger of 
death pointed out the hus))and and 
claimed him as its own. The 
mother died August lt>, 1876. 

Our subject was the ninth of a 
family of twelve children, five of 
whom are now living. He was 
educated in a log school house in 
Howard county, where they used 
split logs hewn smoothe for scats, 
and was reared on a farm where 
he remained till the gold fever 


broke out in California in 1840, when he wended his way across 
the broad western phiins between Missouri and his destination, with a 
caravan made up of citizens from his section of the country. He re- 
mained there until 1851 when he started on his homeward journey to 
Chariton county. In 18.52 he returned to California and remained un- 
til 1853. He then came back to this county and on March 8, 1854, 
was married to Miss Amanda J. Addis, daughter of Geo. and Susan 
Addis, of Chariton county. The fruits of this marriao^e was six chil- ' 
dren — tive boys and one o^irl — three of whom, N. R , C. C. and Wm. 
L. are still livino^ a few miles southwest of Salisbury, where our sub- 
ject had purchased 200 acres of land in 1854. Mrs Wrio^ht died June 
25, 1894, which loss was sadly mourned l)y a loving family. 

Our subject was elected township collector in 1874, and to the 
oltice of assessor, when he took the census. In 1892 he was re-elected 
to the office of assessor, which he now holds. He is a true-blue dem- 
ocrat and has been a member of the Baptist church since 1855. Our 
subject has lived lono^ and prosperous, and notwithstandino; the many 
obstacles in the life of a pioneer settler he still enjoys excellent health. 
His farm, on which he now resides lies in sections 15 and 16, township 
53, rano^e 17. 

lALTON. This little village is located in Bowling Green town- 
ship and was laid out by William Dal ton in 1867. The town 
site was the home of Mr. Dal ton for whom the town was named 
for many years before the town was founded. This little village is 
situated on the blutis overlooking the broad and fertile planes of the 
famous Bowling Green prairie towards the south — the Missouri river 
being only about three or four miles from' the town a line view of it 
can be had. The old buildings to the south and a little of the town are 
located on the farm which was for a number of years occupied by 
General Sterling Price, and many travelers in passing through Dalton 
would ask to have the farm of this noted General pointed out to them. 
The first lousiness house in Dalton was put up and occupied by 
Vcatch & Myei's. The Wabash - then known as the St. Louis, Kansas 
City & Northern — railroad erected a tirst-class depot for the accommo- 
dation of the citizens of that locality. The town has gvown and its 
citizens have prospered, until it is one of the most substantial trading 
points in the county. At the present time the citizens carry on all 
kinds of business and the town has churches, secret orders, etc., and 
a more accommodating lot of people you seldom find anywhere. 



Of the various mercantile estal)lishments of Keytesville, none 
occupy a higher position in the estimation of the public, for the 
stock of goods carried and the successful business methods emplo}'- 
ed, than the Gents' Furnishing establishment of Mr. Herbeit White, 
an interior view of which is shown in the illustration above. Mr. 
White first opened his house with a comparatively small stock and as 
his trade increased and he liecame acquainted with its demands, he 
increased his stock proportionally, until now he has one of the neatest 
and most complete stocks of goods, in his line, to be found in the 
county. Being thoroughly acquainted with his trade, polite and 
courteous to his customers, and the reasonable prices placed ui)on his 
goods, his success is easily explained. Socially, he is one of Keytes- 
ville's most polite and accommodating young gentlemen, energetic, 
enterprising and progressive, who never loses an opportunity to speak 
a good word for his town and county. 

HAKLES M. ALLEGA, one of Chariton county's most extensive 
and successful farmers and stock raisers, and an energetic, pub- 
lic-spirited citizen, was born July 17, 1849. Though a native 
Missourian, Mr. Allega has been unable to ascertain whether his birth 
occurred in Livingston or Carroll county, that event having transpired 
prior to the survey of the present line separating the two counties, 
the original homestead now being located in both counties. William 
P. Allega, the father, was born in Kentucky September 13, 1822, and 



moved to Missouri in 1837. On February 29, 1845, he was united in 
marriajje to Miss Missouri Ann Cravens, the result of Avhich union 
was the birth of ten children, six of whom are now livinij, our subject 
beinof the eldest. The death of the mother occurred in Auo-ust, 1880. 
Since three years of age Charles M. has been a resident of Chari- 
ton county, his father havino^ settled in Keytesville township, near 
Shannondale, in 1852, in which vicinity he has since resided. On 
October 22, 1872, occurred the marriaore of our subject to Miss Hulda 
E. Kill)urn, a native of Grundy county. This union has been blessed 
by the birth of seven children, namely; P^liza, now Mrs. Ollie Wil- 
liams; Maofgie D., now Mrs. Frank Elmore; William K., Louan, 
Kittie, Missouri E. S., and Charlie May. By marriaire our sub- 
ject not only secured the companionshij) of a most excellent lady, ))ut 
obtained ])ossession of 149 acress of land, five miles south of Salisbury 
and l)eofan housekee})inff in the house shown at the top of the accom- 
panyintr illustration, which is now occupied by his son-in-law and 
dauojhter, Mr and Mrs. Williams. Favored with {)rosperity, Mr. 
Allega soon added to his landed possessions and a few years later erect- 
ed the dwelling appearing at the bottom of the i)age, (now occupied 
by Mr. and Mrs. Elmore.) As time sj)ed by and his family increased 
our subject soon found his second residence inadecjuatc to his demands, 
and a few years since erected the large and substantial residence 
shown in the center of the illustration, which he now occui)ies, enjoy- 
ing all the comforts and conveniences of life. Through his excellent 
business management, unrelenting industry, energy and perseverance 
Mr. Allega has added to his estate from time to time until now he 
owns 516 acres of as good soil as is to be found in the state. Aside 
from profitable farming, Mr. Allega has been especially successful 
as a stack-raiser, handling some of the best horses and cattle in this 
part of the state. A resident of the county for almost his entire life, 
our subject has been intimately connected with its growth antl prog- 
ress, ever exerting his influence in behalf of worthy enterprises and 
local advancement, he is known as a man of undoubted honor and 
integrity. Politically, he was born and reared a democrat. 

rJLARENCE O, HOUSTON, a prominent farmer and stock dealer 
Hijri of Wayland township, widely known as a man of sterling integ- 
^^ rity of character, and as an ernest, energetic and u[)right citizen, 
highly esteemed by the entire conmiunity among whom he has grown 



from youth to early manhood and 
middle age, was })orn within a few 
hundred yards of his present resi- 
dence, April 6, 1854. A. G. Hous- 
ton, the father of our subject, was 
1)orn in Kentucky' and came to 
Missouri sometime in the 40's, 
where he met and married Miss 
Sarah Stewart, a native of the 
state of Maine. This union re- 
sulted in the birth of nine children, 
all of whom are now living (our 
subject the eldest) to cheer and 
comfort the father and mother in 
the declining years of their happy 
and well-spent career. 

In youth, our subject received 
the advantages of good educational 
training, ])oth at home and in the public schools of the district, which 
was supplemented by a thorough course in the State Normal at Kirks- 
ville from 1871-74. Being reared upon the farm, upon leaving 
school our subject selected farming as his occupation; one in which he 
has since most admirably and successfully engaged .His present farm, 
seven miles northeast of Salisbury, comprises 280 acres of as fine and 
productive soil as is to be found in the county, all of which is in a 
high state of cultivation and well improved. On September 12, 1878, 
Mr. Houston was very hapjnly united in marriage to Miss Alta 
Elliott, a lady of culture and refinement and the daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. J. J. Elliott, for many years prominent and highly respected 
citizens of this county, though now deceased. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Houston have been given six children, as follows: Bertha, Jessie W., 
Maud, Edna, Albert, and Earl. 

Politically, our subject takes an abiding interest in politics and 
is well posted upon local and national issues, supporting the princi- 
ples of the democratic })arty. Socially, he is honorably connected 
with the Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons, and Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. Personally our subject is not only a thrifty, success- 
full man, but a gentleman of a high order of intelligence, and of 
liberal, advanced ideas with regard to education and every interest 
calculated to elevate and better the condition of mankind. Possessed 



of these excellent traits of character and of a pleasant, jovial, good- 
natured disposition, he is not only popular among his neighbors and 
acquaintances, but is recognized as a leader among them in matters 
of general and pul)lic interest. 

fUDGE LUCIUS SALISBURY, a gentleman who for nearly 50 
years contributed largely of his time, energy and means towards 
the growth and development of Chariton county, and one well 
and most favoral^ly known throughout the state, now a resident of 
Kenton, Ohio, deserves especial mention in this Record of the county 
in which he spent the best days of his long and useful career. Judge 

Salisbury was born in the state of 
Vermont, June 11, 1824, a son of 
Belcher and Nancy (Lampson) 
Salisbury, the latter a decendant 
of Miles Standish. On both sides, 
the ancestors of our subject were 
active participants in the Revolu- 
tionary War. William Salisbury, 
the grandfather, was born in New 
Jersey and died near Boston while 
the father of our subject was quite 
young. In life. Belcher Salis- 
bury was a very prominent per- 
sonage and held a number of \)o- 
litical and official positions; was a 
Whiff and a warm friend and ad- 
■ mirer of Webster and Clay. His 

death occurred in 1863, at the age of seventy-two years. 

The boyhood days of Judge Lucius Salisbury were spent in his 
native town, Avorking u|)on his father's farm in summer and attending 
the public schools in winter. In 1843 he accepted a position in a boot 
and shoe establishment of his l^rothers, at St. Louis, where he remain- 
ed until '4.5, when he was sent to Keytesville to open up a branch 
establishment, of which he afterwards became proprietor, remaining 
until 1858, when he purchased and moved to a tine farm in the eastern 
part of the county and upon which Chariton's metropolis now stands 
as a monument to his unceasing industry, energy and intelligence. 
[See page twenty-three.] In 1850 our subject was elected Presiding 
Judge of the Chariton county court. In 1862 he was unanimously 


elected to the Legislature and was four times re-elected. In 1868 he 
was candidate for Speaker, and though he received the full democratic 
vote, was defeated, the republicans being in the majority. His career 
in the House was a long and honorable one. 

On April 13, 1847, at Braintree, Vermont, Judge Salisbury was 
married to Miss Harriet Newell Hutchinson, the daughter of Nathan- 
iel Hutchinson, an extensive farmer and business man of that place. 
This union resulted in the birth of live children, only three of whom 
reached maturity — two now living —Arthur, ncjw a resident of Ken- 
ton, Ohio, and who enjoys the distinction of being the tirst male white 
child born in Salisbury, and Hattie H., now Mrs. E. L. Hogan, of 
Moberly, Mo. In December of '02, our subject traded his property 
in Cockrell township, a valuable farm of some 1200 acres for a finely 
improved farm near Kenton, Ohio, where he and his faithful com|)an- 
ion, who has assisted and encouraged him in days less propitious, are 
spending the declining years of their long and useful career, surround- 
ed with all the comforts and conveniences of life. Should no provi- 
dential hinderance prevent, Mr. and Mrs. Salisbury will celebrate their 
golden wedding on the 13th of next April. 

[UMNER. This flourishing little town was laid out by ,Toel H. 
Wilkerson and the Chicago, Burlington & Kansas City Railroad 
Co. in June 1882, at the junction of the Wabash and Burlington 
routes. This is an excellent site for a town and is surrounded by 
beautiful prairie country which extends for miles in every direction. 
The soil is good and produces heavy crops every year, and with its 
railroad facilities ))ids fair to be a town of several thousand people 
some time in the near future. The tirst house in Sumner was built by 
J. M. Vance in the fall of 1892, which was followed by the building 
of the Commercial Hotel by Professor Willet. A Union Sunday 
School was organized June 17, 1883, with Howard Woodward as 
Superintendent, Mrr. W. B. Perkins, assistant and Professor Willett, 
Secretary and Treasurer. The little village of Sumner has had a 
wonderful growth in the past few years and has annexed all of Cun- 
ningham, save one store and ten or fifteen residences, and is still im- 
proving rapidly. It is populated by a generous and accommodating 
people, who are enterprising in every particular, and are ever looking 
forward to the best interests of their town. The social and moral in- 
fluences of the town are par excellent, and never fail to make a favor- 
able impression upon the stranger uithin her gates. 




J * 

. % ^yHf -W^*«^>11f-ivy 

The above is an illustration of the Wagon Works of Parks & Cox 
of Salisbury. The business was established in September, 1895. The 
tirui have received a o-ood trade ever since they opened their estab- 

HOMAS FOSTER. Our subject, who captions this sketch, is 
one of the most extensive o-rain dealers in Central Missouri. 
He is a native of Eno^land and was born in Leeds, Yorkshire, 

•March 22, 183.5, where he learned the 
miller's trade under the strino;ent 
regulations governing ai^prcnticeships 
of all kinds in that countr3^ In 1856 
he came to America and located at St. 
Louis, Mo. , where he spent five years 
in the milling business, where he 
gained the confidence and high respect 
of his employer and all who knew 
him. After this he built and success- 
f'dl}' operated a mill at Moscow, Lin- 
coln county, Missouri, for three 
years, up to 18(>7, when he removed 
to Lebanon, 111. During that year 



he came to Missouri for the second time and took charo;e of a mill in 
Randolph county Avhich he run until 1870, when it was l)urned down, 
entailing a great loss. He then came to Chariton county and took 
charge of a mill six miles south of Salisbury, known as Switzler's 
Mill, which he run for ten months before coming to Salisbury and 
taking charge of the Slaughter, Ward & Co. mill, which was the only 
one there at that time. 

The subject of this sketch was married to Miss Ellenor Leach, 
also a native of England, October 11, 1857. They were blessed with 
two children who have departed this life for the unknown kingdom 
beyond, several years since. Since the removal of this most estimable 
family to Salisbury, Mr. Foster has made many warm friends and by 
his gentlemanly and accommodating manner has gained the respect 
of the entire community in which he lives. He is now running a gen- 
eral grain business and is widely known for his liberality and squaie 
dealing's throughout this section. 

fOSEPH H. OSBOliN, D. O. The subject of this sketch was 
born in East Hampton, Long Island, Sept. 24, 1860, and spent 
his early life on a farm. In 1880, he migrated to Connecticut 
where he followed the carpenter's trade. From there he went to 

New York state, and between the 
two states he spent ten years 
plying his trade. In 1800 he 
came west to St. Louis, where he 
remained one year. In 1801 he 
removed to Kirksville, Mo,, and 
engaged in a partnership laundry 
business, but in a few months 
bought his pailncr's interest in 
the business, which he run for 
two years. He then took up the 
study of Oste()i)athy under the fa- 
mous Dr. A. T. Still of that place 
and has followed that profession 
ever since, during which time he 
has been k)cated at St. Louis, 
Columbia, Central ia, and other 
towns in Missouri, carrying some 



of the l)est testimonials the writer ever had the opportunity of readino;. 

Our subject was married December 20, 1894, to Miss Nellie Parks 
of Salisbury, dau_o;hter of Georoe Parks, a prominent Chariton county 
citizen. Mrs. Osborn was born December 30, 1876, and spent the 
greater portion of her life in Salisbury. 

Onr subject is a member of OustonicLodoreNo. 6, I. O. O. F. of 
Birmingham, Connecticut, and is a Chapter Mason of Caldwell Lodge 
No. 53, A. F. & A. M. of Kirksville, also a member of the Presby- 
terian church. He located in Salisbury in July, 1896, where he has 
since been practicing Osteopathy. 



The above illustration is a faithf id likeness of live of Salisbury's 
most energetic, enterprising and intelligent young gentlemen, who 



are meetine: with commen(liil)le success in their various avocations of 
life. Being strictly honest, thoroughly industrious, and of a social 
and courteous disposition, they make friends as they increase their 
acquaintance, and enjoy the confidence and respect of all who know 
them. Mr. Barnes is a son of Mr. and Mrs. F. P. Barnes, and is at 
present engaged in teaching a very successful term of school at Lowery 
district, north of Keytesville. Mr. Parks is the son of Mr. and Mrs. 
G. W. Parks and is employed u})on the typographical force engaged 
in setting up this Portrait and Biographical Record of Chariton 
county. Mr. Sears was born near Clifton Hill, but is now employed 
as pharmacist in the drug establishment of W. R. Sweeney. Mr. 
Edward, by birth is a native of Pennesylvania, but is now a fixture in 
Salisljury business circles as the proprietor of a first class tonsorial 
parlor. Mr. Ireland was reared in this county, and now has a lucra- 
tive position as weigh master in the large milling establishment of his 
brothers, in this city. 


The above is an illustration of the Blacksmith and Wagon manu- 
facturing establishment of M. Weien, one of Salisbury's most enter- 
prising and progressive business men, located on West Second street. 




[ENDON, another of Chariton county's beautiful little villages, 
was laid out by Christopher Shupe in 1871. It was, however, 
a good business point several years before the ])lat of the town 
was filed. The first })usiness house was put up by Bastich & Eastman, 
which was used in the capacity of a general merchandise establishment. 
In 1S71 a business house was put up by Keith Brothers. These were 
the only business houses erected prior to 1880, when Charles Welling 
erected a business house. In 1881 Dr. Morgan erected a house which 
he used as a drug store. Since that time the town has prospered and 
grown until at the present time it has a ])opulation of about seven or 
eight hundred energetic, enterprising and worthy citizens. 

The town of Mendon is situated on a beautiful prairie overlooking 
thousands of acres of as fine land as can be fountl anywhere in the 
county, and is surrounded by prosperous farmers who believe in keej)- 
ing up their end of the row in the way of building up this beautiful 
little city. 

Mendon has nice churches, a first class })ublic school and several 
secret orders, among which are the Knights of Pythias, Masonic and 
A. O. U. W. each of which has a good memborshi}). This little vil- 
lage will continue to prosper and will in a few years be the best point 
for business in that section of the county. Located on the Santa Fee. 




fOHN P. WINN is. the name of the disting-uished gentleman who 
is the subject of this sketch. He was born in Butfalo Lick town- 
ship,which is now Salisbury township, April 2, 1837, and was the 
soil of James and Rebecca (Parks) Winn. The former was born in 

North Carolina in 1791 and came to 
Missouri in 1819. He was a soldier 
in the War of 1812 and for his ser- 
vices received a landscript for part of 
the land where the city of Salisbury 
now stands. He died in 1864 at the 
ripe old age of 73 years. The latter, 
Mrs. Rebecca Winn, was a half sister 
^ to Mr. and Mrs. Peterson Parks, two 
^^ of the hrst settlers of Chariton coun- 
"^ ~~ ty, yet Mr. Parks and wife were in 
^ no wise related to each other before 
"' marriage. Mrs . Winn's marriage was 
jiTji the tifth one now on record in Chari- 
ton county. After her husband's 
death she made her home with her 
son, our subject, up to the time of her death, in 1887, at the age of 78 

Our subject received his education in the pul)lic schools in this 
county and at Mount Pleasant College of Huntsville. He returned 
home and continued farming \mtil 1886 on the farm where he was 
born, six miles south of Salisbury. He served on the Confederate 
side of the late war from start to finish under the command of Capt. 
Thos. Walton, who surrendered at Shreveport, Louisiana, March 10, 
1865. Our subject was married to Miss Julia Brown Nov. 23, 1863, 
who was the daughter of Thomas and Amelia (Esther) Brown. Mr. 
and Mrs. Brown were Kentuckians and settled here about 1860. The 
subject of this sketch and wife were the parents of twelve children — 
one dead — as follows: Gertie K., now Mrs. R. B. Crowder, of Salis- 
bury; Bettie, now Mrs. Iglehart, of Macon City, Robert Lee; Omilia; 
Minnie; Lucy; Jefferson; Bessie; Erma; Russel V.; and Lessie. 

In 1886 Mr. Winn came to Salisbury and entered into the real 
estate business, where he has enjoyed a good trade in his line ever 
since. He is a first water democrat and has spent much of his time in 
the cause of his party. Religiously, he has been a member of the 
Baptist church since he was fifteen years of age. 



OHN M. FOLEY. One among our youns^ men of prominence, 
'^* is the subject of this sketch, and was born in Hardin county, 
Kentucky, Oct. 16, 1875. He is the son of Rev. W. H. Foley, 
a Ba})tist ndnister, who was born in Russel county, Kentucky, in 1851 
and was married to the mother of our subject. Miss Sarah J. Rexroat, 
of which union eleven children were born, of Avhich our sul)ject is the 
fourth child. In 1889 our subject came to Missouri with his parents 
and settled in Howard county at Armstronfif where he remained four 
years. When our subject left Armstrong he located at Clinton, Mo., 

where he conducted a 
restaurant for one year 
l)efore removing to Salis- 
bury, where he entered 
the barber shop of his 
brother and learned that 
trade. He worked faith- 
fully for three years and 
])urchased a half interest 
in the shop where he has 
remained ever since. 

On Oct. 16, I8i>4, our 
subject was married \o 
Miss Lutie D. Wilkinson, 
who was ])()rn and reared 
in Salisljury, and received 
her education in the pub- 
lic schools and cidleges tf 
that city. ^lie was the 
eldest of three children, 
two l)()ys and girl, the 
children of Mr. and ]\Irs. 
John W. Wilkinson. The 
father was born ixi 1849 and the mother in 1853, and the wife of our 
subject was born in 1877. 

Mr. Foley and wife are the parents of a tine boy, Verle Vivien, 
who was born March 11, 1896, and is the pride of a happy household. 
Our subject is a pleasant and accommodating young man of thorough 
business qualitications, and as a consequence is enjoying a good trade. 
Politically, our subject is a democrat and loyally su})poi-ts the prini- 
ciples of his party. Religiously, he affiliates with the Baptist church. 



JKVEN IIORTON, The aceonipunyino^ illustration is an excellent 
'^' reproduction of a phot()o;raph of Master Irven llorton, a Salis- 
bury youth, who by his unceasino; enero-y, industry and manly 
conduct, has won for himself the esteem and admiration of a very 
larjife circle of friends and acquaintance •; in Salisbury and vicinity. 

His birth occurred J)ecend)er 3, 
W 1S81, the son of A. ,L and Amler 

llorton. Upon the death of the 
father, Auo;ust i>, lcS93, the re- 
s[)onsibilities of providino; the nec- 
essaries and comforts of life for 
the family devolved upon our sub- 
ject and a brother, a few years his 
senior, and the manner in which 
they have met and performed their 
duties, demand the comniendation 
of all. 

In May of 18i)4 Jrven selected 
the profession of a ''typo" as a 
suital)le tield for occupation, and 
securing- a position in the compos- 
ing rooms of the Pkkss-Spkctator 
diligently began the mastery of 
his profession, in which he has 
been eminently successful. Irven still holds his "cases" and his ser- 
vices are justly appreciated by his employer. 


■ 1 





i[TSSELF()KK, perhaps better known as Pee Dee, as a trading 
point was begun in 1877, when a store builduig was erected 
by the Grangers, the upper story being used by them for a 
hall, and the ground tloor by Pound & Welch for mercantile pur- 
poses. The town is located al)out twelve miles north and east of 
Keytesville and has ])ecome an excellent trading point. It has daily 
mail facilities and a number of credita])le mercantile and business 
establishments. It's citizens are enterprising and progressive and ai-e 
thoroughly alive to the needs and interests of their connnunity, and 
will always l)e found ready and willing to su})})ort any eti'ort tending 
towards the up))uilding and improvment of the social, moral and 
intellectual develo])ment of their neighborhood. 


^IJNDREW BROWN. The subject of this sketch is a native of 
ff(^ Ireland and was born April 30, 1827, and was the yoiinjo;est of a 
family of six children, live ]>oys and one ffirl, the children of 
Alexander Brown and wife, formerly Miss Dorothy Kino;land. In 
1854, Mr. Brown was united in the holy bonds of matrimony to Miss 
Sarah Hug-hes, of county of Down, of his own native country. Mr. 
Brown remained on Erin's Green Isle over two years after his mar- 
riage, l)ut prompted by the conviction that he could do better in the 
New World, he sailed for America, October 23, 1856, but did not 
bring his family with him until he could provide a suitable place for 
them on this side of the briney deep. Mr. Brown located near Salis- 
bury, where he eno;ao;ed in farminsf and stock raising. 

The gold excitement in the west soon influenced him to turn his 
attention to the mountainous region where he remained only a short 
time, before returning to Missouri a poorer but wiser man. He had 
$5,000 in cash when he left his native country, l)ut that soon vanished 
when he went west. When he returned to Missouri he went to work 
with energy and the hope to soon regain the loss he had sufl^'eerd on 
his western tour. 

Eight years elapsed from the time of his leaving Ireland before he 
was able to send f(n- the family he had left behind. In 1S64 he sent 
them the means for transportation, and met them in New York on 
their arrival and brought them at once to their new home in Chariton, 
Co. He continued to prosper steadily with a worthy family of chil- 
dren growing up around him. In 1873 his tirst wife died, which is the 
heaviest loss that man can have. He was again married to Miss Bessie 
Skellon, also native of Ireland, who still lives to brighten and com- 
fort his happy home. Of this last union was born one child, Annie, 
and is the cherished idol of the household. Mr. Brown had never seen 
his present wife from the time he knew her in Ireland before his de- 
parture for this county until he met her at the depot at Salisbury to be 
married to her. He knew her in early life and after his tirst wife's 
death, began corresponding with her, which resulted in her coming to 
this country to become his wife. Mr. Brown is one of the enterprising 
and thriving foimders of Salisbury township. 

IIARITON COUNTY FAIRS. The tirst fair held in Chariton 
county was held at Keytesville in October of 1858; was organ- 
ized by stock company and run by a board of directors, of 
whom Sterling Price w^as president. Tlie last fair was held in 1873. 


Four years later William PI Hill purchased the grounds and im- 
provements and continued holding fairs annually until 1893, when 
they were discontinued. 

In 18(58 a fair was organized at Salisbury and the first meeting 
held on the 11th and 1.5th inclusive of October of that year. Jud<re 
Lucius Salisl)ury was president of the board of directors of this organ- 
ization. The premiums given at the first session amounted to $2,. 500 
while the total receipts were only |1,300. On the 11th of June, 1872, 
a tornado visited the vicinity of Salisl)ury and completely destroyed 
the amphitheatre and all other buildings, which had been erected at a 
cost of i{>8,000. Due to the fact that the fair had failed to prove a 
success, financially, that and debts, including interest, had accumu- 
lated to the amount of '1^6,000, it was deemed advisable not to rebuild, 
and thus ended Salisbury's fair. 

The third and last fair organized in Chariton county was started 
at Brunswick in 1891, fairs being held the three following years, since 
when they have been discontinued. 

'ACK T. LAMKIN, a gentleman of a progressive, energetic mind 
and untiring industry, held in the highest esteem by his many 
friends and acquaintances throughout the county, was l)orn in 
Linn county, Missouri, October 18, 1859. Robert H. Landvin, the 
father, was born in Kentucky, and moved to Missouri sometime in the 
30's, where his death occurred in 1872. The mother was a native of 
the state of Virginia and in her maidenhood was a Miss Pennilia A. 
Phillips. Her death occurred in 1869. Z. T. Lam kin, our subject, 
was the eldest of three children, all living, and was reared upon a 
farm, near Bucklin, attending the public school in winter and assisting 
in the farm duties in the summer. In 1880, Mr. Lamkin accepted a 
a clerical position at Shannondale, this county, in a co-operative store 
under the management of Mr. F. M. Meyer. After one year our 
subject was promoted to the management of the business in which 
capacity he remained until 1886, when he went to Forrest Green and 
accepted a position with Horton and Fristoe. He remained but a 
short short time before purchasing the interest of Mr. Horton, the 
style of the firm changing to Fristoe & Lamkin. These gentleman 
are still engaged in business at Forrest Green and carry one of the 
best selected stocks of general merchandise found in the rural destricts 
of Chariton county. 


On January 7, 1896, occurred the nuirriao^e of our sul)ject to Miss 
Jennie Binks, formerly a resident of Ohio, I)ut for a numljer of 3'ears 
past of Chariton county, a daughter of John and Mary Binks, tlie 
father now deceased. At Forrest Green, Mrs. Lanikin, with the 
assistance of her husband, performs the duties of Postmistress, Wahtish 
Assent and Teles^raph Operator. 

Politically, our subject is a democrat and has always loyally sup- 
ported the principles of his party. Reliofiously, he affiliates with the 
the Kaptist church. Socially, he is a prominent and influential mem- 
ber of Salisbury Lodo;e, White Stone Royal Arch Chapter, No. 57 and 
of Salisbury Lodofe No. 208, A, F. & A. M., having- been honored 
with all the offices. At present he is D. I). G. L. & D. D. G. M.; 
also, a member of Cloudine Lodge No. 179, Knights of Pythias. 

lilPLETT is located on the northwestern division of the Wabash 
railroad, seven miles northwest of Brunswick. The town was 
laid out in June, 1870 by H. A. Cooper and John H Trijjlctt. 
Mr. Triplett l)uilt the first house in the town, which he used as a resi- 
dence. The first merchants of this little village were Jackson Alson 
and Johnson M. Reed. The first blacksmith was Wm. Usher and the 
first physician in the place was Doctor Ashbren and George Blake was 
the first carpenter. Triplett is located on a beautiful level scope of 
country about six miles from Grand river and is surrounded Ijy the 
richest and the most fertile soil in the county, which is noted for 
producing more cereal products per acre than any other portion of the 

There are three churches and seven secret orders in the town, 
which have prospered ever since they were founded. Its population 
is made up of some of the best people of Chariton county, who are 
ever ready to push forward any movement that is for the l)est inter- 
ests of their town and community. 


, RUNS WICK, the second town in Chtiriton county, in 

point of population and age, was laid out on section 11, 

township 53, range 20, in 1836, by James Keyte, the 

founder of Keytesville, and by whom it was named 

after Brunswick (Tennis) near Manchester, England, 

Mr. Keyte being an Englishman. When the town was 

originally laid out, it Avas located on the bank of the 

Missouri river, and about live hundred yards south of 

the present site. Due to the mad whirl-pools and 

insidious eddies of that treacherous stream, nothing of 

the old site now remains. 

Some twenty years after the location of the city, the few business 

houses and residences left standing, were removed to the base of the 

blull's, at the present site. 

The first house put up was a log building and was occupied by 
James Keyte, for mercantile purposes. About the same time Mr. 
Keyte started a saw mill, which was the first mill of the kind ever 
started in the township. Soon after the town was laid out, Peter T. 
Ahell, and two men by the name of Perkins and Conwell located at 
Brunswick and opened general stores. About the same time John 
Basey opened the first hotel. Cai)t. James Usher and E. B. Clements 
were the pioneer dram shop keepers. With perhaps two or three 
exceptions, the aljove named gentlemen transacted the business of the 
village until ISiO. The growth of the town was very slow during the 
first four years of its existence, its total population only being about 
125 in 184:0. James Keyte was the first postmaster of the place and 
continued until his death, which occurred in the fall of 1844. In the 
spring of 1840 quite a number of i)eople located in the village and the 
growth of the town increased quite rapidly. 

Among others who located at Brunswick during that year were 
Doctor M. C. Spencer and a gentleman named Threldkill who engaged 
in the hotel business; a wagon maker named Elliott; also Moses and 
Elhanen Short, who manufactiu-ed brick. Among the early and most 
prominent physicians of Brunswick was Doctor Edwin Price, a brother 


of General Sterlino; Price. Doctor Price continued to reside at Bruns- 
wick until his death. From 1838 -iO, pork packing was considerable 
of an industry of Brunswick, and auioncr those who engaged in the 
business were Peter T. Abell, Pugh Price, also a brother of the Gen- 
eral and Perkins & Gates. 

Broady Barrett, George Dupey and R. G. Beazley were early cit- 
izens of the town and engaged in the purchase and shipping of tobacco, 
while Thomas E. Gilliam and A. Johnson engaged in the manufacture 
of chewing tobacco. Joseph Caton, at present a citizen of Salisbury, 
was the pioneer tailor and Nathan Harry the first saddler. Golonel 
Peter T. Abell and Colonel C. W. Bell, the latter now a resident of 
Salisbury, were the tirst attorneys to practice law in the town. The 
late Judge John M. Davis was the pioneer school teacher of Brunswick, 
he opening a five month's term, June 11), 1840, with about thirty-tive 
students in attendance. The buildino- was of log structure and stood 
south of where the Grand river now runs. Brunswick had no grist 
mill previous to the civil war of '61. Soon after that however, Patrick 
Smith erected a steam flouring mill and carding machine. 

Brunswick's tirst bank was opened in ?856 and was a branch of 
the Merchants' Bank of St. Louis. It was controlled by a president 
and board of directors. Adamantine Johnson was president; G. W. 
Outcalt, cashier and William C. Applegate, clerk. During the war, in 
1861, it suspended operation. The second bank was a private institu- 
tion and was opened in the fall of 1865 by W. H. Plunkett. This in- 
stitution was succeeded by the Chariton County Exchange Bank. 

Perhaps Brunswick's greatest growth was experienced between 
the year 18-1:0 and 18.56, its population during the latter year being 
nearly, if not quite, as large as it has ever had since. During and pre- 
vious to that time the counties of Grundy, Sullivan, Livingston, Linn, 
Mercer and a part of Carroll were without railroad shipping facilities 
and consequently citizens of those counties were compelled to haul 
their products to Brunswick where they were transported to the east- 
ern markets by steamboats. They also received their' supplies at the 
Brunswick warehouse. Thus it was that Brunswick soon became 
quite a commercial centre for a very large and fertile territory. At 
that time a good ferry was operated across the Missouri and consider- 
able trade came from Saline county. 


Brunswick of to-day has a population of about 2,200 moral, intel- 
ligent, retined and progressive citizens, whose unstinted hospitality 



has never failed to make a favorable and lasting impression upon 
the stranger within her gates. Situated in the western part of the 
county, at the Junction point of the Omaha & Council Bluffs division 
of the main line of the Wal)ash railroad, it has an excellent location as 
a trading point. In days past the Missouri flowed immediately in 
front of the town, bat its channel changed and now flows about two 
miles south. Grand river now occupies the channel bed of the former 
mentioned stream. The Chariton C airier in speaking of this town, in 

Brunswick's public school building. 
a special issue, dated May 29, 1896, says: "Its immediate site is the 
gently sloping hills and level second bottoms that line the north bank 
of Grand river about two miles above its confluence with the Missouri. 
The business portion of the city is situated on the level land at the 
base of the above mentioned hills, while the residence part lies on 
their summits, from which a wonderful and beautiful view can be had 


of the mao'nilicent Missouri valley with its wealth of fertile fields in- 
terspersed with luxuriant forest p^rowths, and far in the distance the 
mighty river itself o^litters in the sunlio:ht like pure silver. 

The city is lighted by electricity, both the arc and incandescent 
systems beino- used. It also has an excellent stand pipe system of 
water works which atford an ample protection ao;ainst lire. Bruns- 
wick is an incorporated city of the fourth-class and is divided into 
three wards. The present mayor is Judge J. E. Perkinson, while 
the first ward is represented in the city council by Messrs. James 
Smith and Louis Zinser; the aldermen from the second ward are 
Messrs. Henry Strube and H. Freeman, and those from the third 
ward are Messrs. 8. E. Everly and I. X. Mitchell. 

Brunswick's esi)ecial pride is its public school buildino', consist- 
ing of an elegant new brick structiu-e which was recently erected at a 
cost of J?12,500, and together with expenditures for the grounds make 
a total cost of $16,000. The school contains six grades in the primary, 
intermediate and gram.nar department, and a very complete system 
of high school work, all of which is under the supervision of a very 
competent corps of teachers, seven in number. There is also a, gootl 
colored school emi)loying three teachers, and the interests of both in- 
stitutions are looked after ])y a l)oard of directors composed of the 
following gentlemen: Messrs. L. H. Herring, president; John Knap- 
pen) )erger, secretary; Capt. Louis Benecke, Joseph Gross, John Kan- 
dol[)h and Doctor Vi. T. Magruder. 

The l)enevolent and secret societies represented here are: Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
Ancient Order United Workmen, Knights of Honor, Knights of Py- 
thias, Modern Woodmen, Grand Army of the Republic and Knights 
of the Maccal)ees. 

The church organizations are eight in number representing the 
Christian, Baptist, Methodist Episcopal (South), Ei)iscopal, Presbyte- 
rian, Catholic and colored Methodist and Baptist. Thus it will be seen 
that there is no lack of educational or social advantages or religious 
influence to make Brunswick all that could be desired in these partic- 

The shipping facilities of Brunswick are excellent, it being con- 
nected by rail with all the principal market. A large shipment of 
stock, grain and tobacco is made from this point annually. 

The many neat and elegant residences show the thrift and pros- 
perity of their occupants. The various business interests that go to 



make up the averao;e western city are Avell represented here and 
many of the manufacturing industries would do credit to a much 
hirger phice. 

ENRY F. LINCOLN, editor and proprietor of the Charlton 
Wl ^'^'"^^y News, a republican paper pul)lished at Brunswick, Mo., 
J/^ was born in Flushing, L. 1., "Greater New York," March 6, 
184:3. He is a son of the late C. R. Lincoln, publisher to the Greek 
Mission of the Episcopal church in Syra, Greece, 1838, and founder of 
the Flushing Journal, 1843. Mr. H. F. Lincoln is a descendant of the 
Lincoln family founded in Hingbarn, Mass., 1635-36, and is a great 
gra.iU3'i>.- • f AInel Lincoln, of Norton, Mass., and an officer of the 
Revolutionary War, and on account of said service our sul)ject holds a 
duly authenticated certificate as a member of the Society of Sons of 
the Revolution. 

As a newspaper man Mr. Lincoln was literally 
bred to the business After receiving a common 
school education, he entered his father's office and 
learned the printing trade, and has served in all 
caj)acities in a newspaper office, from "roller boy" to 
that of city editor of a daily paper and pul)lisher of a 
weekly journal. On the 0th of May, 1871, Mr. Lin- 
coln married Miss Ella Virginia Roach, of Wabash, 
Indiana, and daughter of Joseph and Angeline Roach, 
of Virginia, who settled in Indiana, and are now de- 
ceased. To Mr. aiid Mrs. Lincoln have been given five children, 
namely: Mary S., Ella J., Henry F., William II. and Edith A. Polit- 
ically, Mr. Lincoln is a life long republican and during the war served 
ill volunteer organization of the 47th Infantry Regiment, N. G. S.* N. 
Y., and was honorably discharged at the expiration of his two terms 
of service in Maryland and Virginia, that were in response to the call 
for volunteers made l)y President Lincoln in 18(52 and 1863. 

Socially, Mr. Lincoln is an Odd Fellow of thirty-two years stand- 
ing, having joined Pacific Lodge, No. 88, I. O. O. F., of Flushing, N. 
Y., in October, 1864; is a Past Grand of that Lodge, and now mem- 
l)er of Shawnee Lodge, No. 1, of Topeka, Kansas. He is also a mem- 
ber of Brunswick Camp, No. 2265 axid of the Modern Woodmen of 
America. Mr. Lincoln is a mend)er of the Episcopal church, while 
Mrs. Lincoln affiliates with the Presbyterians, 





iii|,t|ERRY S. RADER, one of Chariton county's most prominent cit- 
f'fM izens and successful attorneys, who is quite as conspicuous for 
his modest and retiring nature, as for his intelligence and ability, 
was born at Carthage, Missouri, November 24, 1859, the son of Rev. 
and Mrs. A. M. Rader. The Rader family is of German descent, the 
ancestors of our subject having been among those who early emigrated 
to this country and took part in the struggle for independence. Wul 
Rader, paternal grandfather of our subject, was an early settler of 
Missouri, in which state his son, Andrew M., the father of Perry S., 
grew to manhood, achieving considerable reputation as a pioneer 
Methodist preacher of the southwest. 

Isabella A. (McFarland) Rader, mother of our subject, was a 
erreat grandaughter of Sir Robert McFarland, of Scotland, whose ini- 
mediate descendants, emigrating to this country, located in Tennessee, 
where they were the recipients of distinguished honors, occupying 
various responsible positions of trust. Alexander McFarland, the 
maternal grandfather of our subject, located in Johnson county. Mo., 
about 1833, soon after which time his daughter, Isabella, was united 
in marriage to the young minister, Andrew Rader. This union result 



ed in the birth of thirteen children, 
eleven of whom are now livino;, 
our subject being the eisfhth. 

Perry S. Rader was reared in 
Saline county, receivino^ the limit- 
ed advantao;es of the district school 
in the winter months and follow- 
ino; agricultural pursuits in sum- 
mer. Arriving at the proper age 
and encouraged by his parents, 
our subject, in 1879 matriculated 
at Central College at Fayette, 
spending twelve months within its 
walls, after which owing to his 
limited means, he began teaching 
near Marshall. Two years later 
Mr. Rader again entered Central College and four years later realized 
the bright anticipations of his boyhood, finishing a full classical course, 
graduating in 1886 with the degree of A. B. 

Choosing the profession of law as suitable employment, on leav- 
ing school, he began its study in the office of Judge J. P. Strother, of 
Marshall, Mo.; elected to the vice-Principalship of the Brunswick 
pul)lic schools, he accepted the position serving one year, when he 
purchased an interest and l)ecame editor of the Howard County Adver- 
tiser, of Fayette, Mo., where he remained one year and disposed of his 
interest and devoted his entire time to the study of law. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1888 and remained at Fa\ette until 1880, then 
locating at Brunswick, securing an interest and becoming editor of the 
Weekly Br\ivswirker\ also, continuing the practice of his profession and 
to which he now devotes his entire time. 

In 181)1, Mr. Rader pulilished a small volume, "Rader's School 
History of Missouri," which is extremely valuable for the reliable sta- 
tistics and correct data therein contained, arranged in an attractive 
style and well adapted to the needs of the public and preparatory 

In December of 1889, Mr. Rader was united in marriage to Miss 
Bennie Younger, a lady of high accomplishments, culture and refine- 
ment and the daughter of Mrs. Idress E. Ashby, of Brunswick. This 
union has been blessed I)y the birth of two l)right and interesting 
children, one son and a daughter, John Wallace and Asabel Adelaide. 



Progressive and piil^lic-spirited, our suliject is ever ready to do 
his full share in the extension of local improvements; a o;entleman of 
earnest purpose, o;ives ready aid to the establishment of worthy en- 
terprises. A kind friend and neighbor, he dwells among his acfpiaint- 
ances, respected and honored for his true worth and sterling integrity 
of character. 

OUIS BENECKE, attorney-at-law at I>runswick, Mo., and a gen- 
tleman well and favorably known throughout North Missouri, 
was born in Germany in 1843, and emigrated to the United 
States in 1850, settling at the above named town. At the breaking 

out of the late unpleasantness, Mr. Benecke entered the U. S. service 
as a private in Company H. 18 Mo. V^olunteers, and was promoted to 
Sergeant and Lieutenant, and from which com})any he was honorably 
discharged; re-entered service as Captain of Company I. 49 Missouri 
volunteers and was honorably mustered out August 2, 1865. During 


the hist year of the wtir, Captain Renccke was for four months in com- 
mand of the Military Int. District of Chariton and Kan(lol|)h counties. 
At the close of the war he returned to Brunswick and in the following 
year was elected mayor of his city, also a director of the public school 
— the first in the county — l)eino; re-elected to the latter position each 
term, until 1870, when he resigned on account of his election to state 
senate. While a nieml^er of the Ijcgislature, Mr. Benecke was the 
author of the Chariton county local bill, which met Avith such favor 
that the legislature some years afterwards, incorporated the main pro- 
vision verbatim into the general law. This measure saved the tax- 
])ayers large sums of money in reducing fees and limiting salaries of 
county ofKcers. Since 1875, Mr. Benecke has been re-elected to 
various county offices, among others that of mayor, president and 
member of the school board. He has l)een active in the advancement 
of all local inter prises, and is one of the original incorporators of the 
First National Bank, of Brunswick, Mo., and of which he is a director; 
also, of the Brunswick Brick and Tile Company; the Elliott Grove 
Cemetery, the first in the county; is President of the Brunswick 
Library Association and a member of several other business and social 
associations. For four years, Mr. Benecke held the highest office, in 
the state, of the Knights of Honor and during the years 1895-96 was 
I)ei)artment Conunander of the Grand Army Repul)lic. 

Ca[)tain Benecke was never defeated for any elective office, having 
been honored by his neighliors and friends to various offices over 
thirty times, however he now asserts that hereafter he would decline 
to accept any office that may be tendered him, except to devote his en- 
tire time to his profession, the practice of law. Mr. Benecke's fam- 
ily consists of his wife and five children, two daughtersand three sons. 
Personally, Cai)tain Benecke is a gentleman with a host of friends, 
but, not unlike others, he also has some enemies, of whom he is as 
fond of the one as of the other, believing that a man who has no 
enemies, is not worth having as a friend. To him no charitable ap- 
l)eal has ever been made in vain, responding to all without ostentation. 
He is a member of the Evangelist Protestant Church, and a staunch 
republican, politically. 

The Reporter was the name of the first paper published in Chari- 
ton county and was esta])Iished at Brunswick by J. T. Quisenberry in 
1847. A few months later he sold the plant to Dr. John H. Blue & 


Co., who, on the 14th day of October of the same year beo;an the ])ub- 
lication of the Brunswicker. In ISo-t Col. Caspar W. Bell, at present 
a citizen of Salisbury, became the editor and proprietor of the paper 
and was soon afterwards joined by Willis H. Plunkett. These orentle- 
men sold the paper to O. D. Hawkins in 1856, and he to Colonel R. 
H. Musser. Dr. W. H. Cross became the next proprietor of the 
paper, who consolidated with the Central City, changing the name to 
Central City Branstolcher\ the name of the Weekly Brunswicker was re- 
sumed in 1856. In 1858 Robert C. Hancock l)ecame proprietor, he 
continuing until 1862, when the late Dr. Cunningham assumed control, 
but two years later he (Hancock) again became owner, selling the 
plant to Cunningham & Winslow in the fall of 1865. In the summer 
of the following year J. B. Naylor and W. H. Balthis took charge of 
the paper and continued its publication until 1875, when Naylor 
assumed entire control, continuinsf until 1880, when Kinley & Wallace 
purchased the plant, good will and subscription list. The present 
company, known as the Brunswicker Publishing Company, was organ- 
ized June 1, 1888 and is composed of Messrs, J. C. Wallace, P. S. 
Rader and C. E. Stewart. 

Chariton Courier, the second oldest paper in the county, was 
established in 1871, at Keytesville, by Thomas D. Bogie, and was 
called the Keytesville Herald. In 1871 Bogie sold the plant to W^m. 
E. Jones and he in turn to J. L. Hudson, now of the Macon City 
Times, who changed the name to Chariton Courier, in June 1878. Hud- 
son sold the paper to Vandiver & Collins and they in turn to C. P. 
Vandiver, (see sketch page 170) the present editor and proprietor. 

The Salisbury Press- Spectator is a consolidation of the Salisbury 
Press, started by J. M. Gallemore, June 1, ?871, and the Salisbury 
Spectator started by M. R. Williams in 1880. The consolidation 
occurred in July, 1881. J. G. Gallemore, the present editor and pro- 
prietor of the paper, assumed entire control in the spring of 1881. 
(See sketch page 126.) 

The Brunswick News was started in March, 1875, by D. T. Beatty, 
who continued its publication about 6 months, it then being known as 
the Republican. The present name was given it m October, 1875, 
when Charles R. Luster became editor and proprietor, he continuing 
its publication until 1803, when H. F. Lincoln, the present owner 
assumed control. 

The Salisbury Democrat was first started at Cunningham, after- 
wards moved to Keytesville and then to Salisbury in 1886 by M. A, 


Leftwich, who soon afterwards sold a half interest to W. N. Brown, 
who afterwards assumed entire control. In the course of time Brown 
sold a half interest to J. E. Dismukes and soon afterwards disposed of 
his remaining interest. Mr. Dismukes, the present proprietor, 
assumed control of the paper in Octolier, 1894, though he has been 
off and on connected with the paper with different partners since 
first purchasing an interest. 

The KeylesvUle Signal was established at Keytesville in January 
of 1893, J. K. Robertson & Son, and by whom it has since been pub- 

The Mendon Citizen^ a democratic journal published weekly, by 
J. M. Collins, was established in 1886. 

The Sumner Star was established in 1890, and has since been pub- 
by C. W. Northcott. 

[EIN, situated on the west half section 14, township 56, range 
17, and twenty miles north of Salisbury, and nine miles south 
of New Cambria, Macon county, was laid out by Francis 
Moenning, Leonard Holtz and Anton Huber, and is one of Chariton 
county's most prominent rural villages. The location of the town is 
all that could be desired, being a high rolling prairie, almost exempt 
from malarial diseases, so common in low lands. As an educational 
center, Wein's reputation is by no means confined to the rural districts 
of the neighborhood, it being the home of one of the best schools of 
the county and posessing the finest church, the property of the Catho- 
lics. Mount St. Marie's church, is an elegant brick structure, com- 
pleted at a cost of about $25,000, and is elegantly finished and furn- 
ished throughout. Religious services are conducted very Sunday. 
The accommodations of the school building, just west of the church, 
are first-class, amply meeting all demands. The school year consists 
of ten months, commencing Sept. 1. Wein has a number of enter- 
prising and substantial business establishments, that enjoy the confi- 
dence and patronage of the many thrifty citizens that inhabit that 

i^.EV. J. HENNES, pastor of St. Joseph Parish, is the subject of 
11 this sketch, and now has charge of St. Joseph Church and school, 
vice Rev. J. L. Gadell. Rev. Hennes was born in Alfter near 
Borrie neq,? the river Rhine, Rhenish Prussia, Germany, November 21, 




1841), and was the youngest of a family of Mathias and Catherine 
(Kuhl) Hennes jjoth natives of Germany, now deceased. 

Our sul)ject came to America with his parents, when he was only 
six years of ao:e, who settled upon a farm, near Milwaukee, Wis. 
where he grew up under the restrictions of good religious parents. 
Rev. Hennes graduated from St. Francis Seminary, near Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin, having spent eleven years in the studie of classical and 
theological courses of that institution. He completed his theological 
studies or Cape Girardeau, Missouri, in 1872, and in November of the 
same year was ordained as minister of the gospel. The following two 
years he served as assistant at Holy Trinity Church, St. Louis, Mo., 
when he was removed to St. Charles, where he acted in the same 
capacity in St. Peter's Church; here he remained until the spring of 
1875, when transferred to Deep Water, Mo., where he labored until 
the spring of 1876. He then took charge of the St. John's Church, at 
Pierce City from 1876 to 1879. October, 1879, he removed to Rich- 
wood, Mo., where he served as pastor of St. Stephen's Church. In 




July, 1884, he assumed the duties of pastor of St. Bridget's Church, in 
Pacihc, Mo., from which point he was transferred to Perry ville, Mo., 
where he remained until May, ISlXi, when he went to Salisbury, to 
take charge of St. Joseph's Church and the school. 

Since his arrival in Salisbury, Rev. Hennes has done a great deal 
towards the upbuilding of the Catholic church at that place, and 
has freed the parish of a large debt that hung over their house of 
worship and school. 

St. Joseph's Church was organized at Salisbury in 1874 with six- 
teen members and was dedicated by Bishop Ryan, of St. Louis, but 
has never before met with the success, that it has under the charge of 
Father Hennes. He has worked hard since his arrival, and has gotten 
everything in conjunction with his duties as pastor of this parish, in 
good working order. In connection with St. Joseph's church, our 
subject also has full charge of St. Joseph's School, and with the aid of 
one assistant, has brought the school to the front and is now in a 
thriving condition. The school building was erected in 1890, dedica- 
tion service taking place in February, 1891. The building is in keep- 
ing with the progressive spirit of our enterprising city and is a credit 
to the 50 or 60 families now forming the parish. All the studies of 
the school are conducted in English with the exception of one hour 



daily devoted to German. The school l)uildinoisa two-story structure 
of brick and of an imposino; appearance. Daring the summer of 1892 
the frame church was moved from the old site to the new one and, 
after beino; remodeled and enlarged, was prettily decorated in paint- 
ing and frescoing by the lirush of our local artists, Mr. McMullin. 
The present church is looked upon as temporary. In the course of a 
few years these good people, having abundant harvest and plenty of 
silver for their wheat expect to put up an elegant church, better fitted 
to stand beside their beautiful school building. They are enthusiastic 
and generous to a fault, and deserve much credit for the good they 
have done for their community. 


RART 1. 

Cities of Misiouri, With a population of 4,000 and Over 24 

Counties of Missouri, When Organized, and Origin of Name 11 

From the Beginning — De Sota Discovers the Mississippi — Marquette 
Discovers the Mouth of the Missouri River — Robert De LaSalle — 
The Louisiana Purchase — The District of Louisiana — The Terri- 
tory of Louisiana — Missouri a Territory — State Organization — 
State Convention — The Clay Oompromise — The First General As- 
sembly — Early Settlements 57 — 63 

Early Military Record — War With Great Brittain in 1812 — Black Hawk 
War, 1832 — Mormonism in Missouri — Mexican War, 1846-48 — 
Events Preceding the Civil War — Secession — Beginning of Hos- 
tilities—The Attitude of Missouri — Campaign of 186 1 — Campaign 

of 1862 — Campaign of 1864 — Centralia Massacre 66 — 78 

Ecclesiastical History — The Baptist Church — Christian — Congrega- 
tional — Episcopal — Israelite — Lutheran — Methodist Episcopal — 
Methodist Episcopal, South — Cumberland Presbyterian — First 
Presbyterian — Protestant Episcopal — United Presbyterian — Uni- 
tarian — Roman Catholic 78 — 82 

Educational 82 

Events of Local History — First Newspaper In Missouri —New Madrid 
Earthquake — Pioneer Steamboat of the "Big Muddy" — Harde- 
man's Garden — Marquis De LaFayette Visits St. Louis — Asiatic 
Cholera — St. Louis Fire — The First Railroad — Death of Jessie 
James — Death of Bill Anderson — The Great St Louis Cyclone — 

State Capitol Destroyed 84 — go 

Salaries of State Officers gi 

Governors of Missouri, i830-g6, With Illustrations and Biographical 

Sketches 26— 4 1 

Imperial Missouri 7 

Lewis and Clark's Expedition 44 

Men of Earlier Days — Daniel Boone — Ruffus Easton — John B* 
Clark — Thomas H. Benton — Henry S. Geyer — John Rice Jones — 
James S. Rollins — James S, Green — Judge William B. Napton — 
Francis P. Blair — Charles D. Drake — Brig.-Gen. Nathaniel Lyon 42 — 53 
Missour's Senators — Francis M. Cockrell — George G. Vest. ... . . 54 — 55 










Chartion Comity — First Set- 
tleinents— "Old Chariton" 
— Early Mail Facility — To- 
bacco Growing — The First 
Courts — Early Marriages — 
Reminiscences of Hon. Char- 
les]. Cabell, Deceased — Lo- 
cation — Water — Surface — 
Mineral Resources — Gov- 
Raising — Surplus Products 
— Public Schools — Chariton 
County As a Home 

Salisbury — A City ot Churches 
— Fraternal Organizations-- 
Some Things Salisbury Has. 

Salisbury Academy 97 

Salisbury Public School 103 

North Missouri Institute. .. . 128 

Prairie Hill 

Keytesville — Public School — Wein , 


Fraternal Or- 

ganizations-Street Car Line 
— County Poor Farm-Coun- 
ty Jail — In and About Key- 

Old Settlers' Reunion 

Indian Grove 


Chariton county Bar 

Chariton county Teachers .... 

Big Springs Distillery 




Chariton county Fairs. ..... 


Newspapers of Chariton Co. . 

Brunswick — Electric 1 i g h t — 

Public school— Fraternal So- 
cieties — Churches, etc 




A group of Chariton county's old- 
est settlers, now living 8 

County court house, Keytesville.. 13 

Physical culture drill 23 

Salisbury's first business house ... 24 
M. E. Church, South, Salisbury.. 26 
Interior view L, T. Jackson's bar- 
ber shop 28 

Canning factory, Salisbui"y 30 

Salisbury opera house 31 

Groups of Salisbury Society Gen. 

tlemen 34 — 36 

Residence Dr. F. M. Clements. .. 41 

Scene on Middle Fork 48 

Misses Gertrude and BerneiceCrow- 

der 63 

Cabin Life in Chariton county.. . . 68 

Residence Dr. J. F. Welch 74 

Country residence T. M. Bentley. 78 

Cox's tobacco factory, Salisbury . 88 

Residence Win. A. Hammack. ... 97 

Salisbury Academy 99 

Residence Dr. P. E. Wilhite 102 

Salisbury public school building, 

directors and teachers 103 

A typical Chariton county tobacco 

crop Ill 

Residence of M. Neal 113 



Rei?idence of W. S. Stockwell. ... ii8 

Residence of Harry Sinclair 124 

Military Drill 128 

Pliy.sical culture drill 130 

Blackstiiith and woodwork shop of 

L. P. Cuininins 137 

Residence of C. V. Stodgell 138 

Residence of J. B. McNabb 142 

A group of Salisbury babies 150 

A group of Chariton Co. officials., 156 

A Keytesville business I)lock 157 

Re.-idence of Geo. N. Elliott 158 

Keytesville public school building. 159 

Siiei'd's hotel, Keytesville 160 

Residence of Wni. E. Hill 162 

Hotel Snyder, Keytesville 164 

Residence of C. P. Vaiidiver 165 

Residence ot W. G. Agee. ... ... 167 

[Residence of S. M. White 185 

A group of Chariton county public 

school teacliers 204 

Big Springs Distillery, Keytesville. 211 
Interior view of Herbert White's 

gents' furnishing establishment. 214 

Parks & Co.\'s wagon works 220 

A group of Salisbury clerks 222 

Blacksmith shop of M. Weien 223 

Residence of W. R. McNabb 224 

Brunswick public school building. 233 

Residence of Andrew Brown 236 

St. Joseph's Catholic School 243 


Allin, W. L 

Adams, G. K 

Allega; C. M 

Brunnnall, J. D., M. D 

Brockman, S. D 

Baker, J. H. P., M. D 

Baker, A. W 

Becker, J. P 

Benecke, Capt. Louis 

Brown, Andrew 

Cooper, J. W 

Clements, F. M,, M. D 

Crowder, R. B 

Crawford, J. F 

Clarkson, R. P 

Coleman, R. A 

Carlstead, J. W 

Carlstead, Wm. W 

Clarckson. C. A 135 

Dismukes, J. E 

Dunn, J. M 

Dougherty, J. O 

Doughty, J. N 

Elliott, S. B 


















Elliott, Raymond C 32 

Earickson, J. K 93 

Emmerich, A. . . . 109 

Elhs, F. J 122 

Evans, W. F 147 

Fawks, W. H 115 

Finnell, John 142 

Foley, J. F 151 

Foley, J. M ... 226 

Foster, Thos 220 

Gaines, J. R., M. D 89 

Garhart, Jno 114 

Gallemore, J. G 126 

Howard, W. A 39 

Hamilton, T. R 43 

Harris, L. J 59 

Henderson, J P 65 

Hall, Joseph C 75 

Hall, Chauncey 146 

Hammond, C. C 148 

Hershey, E. D 192 

Hurst, C. C, M. D 208 

Houston, C. 216 

Horton, Irven 227 



Holderlie, Fred; Ed Baier and F. 

Smith 154 

Hennes, Rev. J . . . 241 

Johnson, A. W 48 

James, W. B 66 

Jacobs, Henry . . 80 

Johnson, A. C 190 

Johnson. J. F 198 

Karcher, Thos 86 

Kasey, J. T., M. D 124 

Lockhart, Prof. J. W 52 

Lincohi, Henry F 235 

Lamkin, Z. T 229 

Mason, J. M 177 

Miller & Lewis 173 

Marquis, H. G 84 

Moredock, A. F 55 

Mitchell, P. D 64 

McCurry, F. B 70 

Moore, B. F 79 

Moore, T. J., D. D. S 73 

McAdams, J. D., M. D 120 

McEuen, O., M. D . . . . 137 

Mason, A. G 145 

Moore, E. P 193 

Nagel, Henry 82 

Osborn, J. H., D. 221 

Oldham, R. S 175 

Prescott, C. M 100 

Phelps, H. T 108 

Pitts, S. H 152 

Riley, W. W 41 

Richardson, C. F 78 

Rolling, J. F Ill 

Richardson, J. 117 

Reppenhagen, Fred 139 

Robertson, J. W 175 

Ray, O. P 209 

Rader, Hon. P. S 236 

Sweeney, W. R 37 

Schooler, T. P 72 

Shannon, J. M 90 

Singleton, C. W ■ 107 

Smith, A. H 134 

Sears, A. G 139 

Smith, Capt. O. F 171 

Shumacher, A. J 195 

Scroggms, O. S ^ . . . . 210 

Salisbury, Judge L 218 

Switzler. Col. Wm. F 180 

Temple, C. H., M. D 178 

Taylor, A. S 202 

Vandiver, C. P 170 

VanBuskirk, J 121 

Welch, J. F., M. D 38 

Williams. M. R 45 

Wilhite, H. F 50 

Williams, Martha 58 

Westenkeuhler, W. F. and E. C. . 61 

Wilhite, P. E., D. D. S 63 

Wayland, J. H 77 

Wood, Ann G 85 

Weien, M 112 

Willams, Jr., E. M 132 

Wayland, Prof. J, G 141 

Wright, W. C 212 

Winn, J. P 225 

Yocum, A. C 95 

John N. T 



Building, 45 A 120 Feet. 2 Stories and Basement. 

BRANCH;— At Moberly, Mo., 2,") x 100 feet. 


^-o BRANCH;— At Macou City, Mo., 25 x 80 feet. 

1 Carry the Largest Stock of . . . 

In North Mis.souri, tuid 1 control FIFTY COUNTIES on the sale of 
same, and sell for Cash or Time Payinentt<. I solicit corres])on(lencc, as 
I will save you money. At Hiintsvillo I carry a comj)lete stock of 

Chamber Suits from $9.50 Up. 

In UNDERTAKING I carry the largest stock in North Missouri, embrac- 
ing a full Hue of solid wg.hiut coffins, and caskets, and am prepared to do EM- 
BALMING in all its branches and preserve the dead for any length of time. 
Satisfaction Guaranteed. Telegrapi^ or Telephone orders promptly filled. 

"^ *" Respt., JOHN N. TAYLOR. 

The Question of 


When great corporations are expending thousands of dollars in de- 
vices to Fave time, labor and mateiials, ll.cie is evidence enough that 
this is an economic age. Save money by cutting your fuel bill. The 





will save you one-half the fuel, and give you 
much more wholesome and digestable food for 
your table. 

Over ino different sizes and styles of 
cooking and heating stoves carried in stock, no 
two alike. Prices the lowest in the county. 

WM. POTTS, ^"-'^j^fsYovRi. 

N. B. — The oldest stove and hardware dealer in 
Chariton Co. Established 1871. 




$1.00 PER YEAR. 




The grin will broaden when he examines the goods. 
He knows a good thing when he sees i.t 

The men may govern the .country, but when it comes 
to getting the full money's worth for every dollar, woman 
demonstrates her superiority. 

People are Enthusiastic Over the Good We Sell. 

They can probably appreciate the care that we exercise 
in buying, our straightforward method of selling — our 
high quality and reasonable prices — all these thing appeal 
to an intelligent person's sense of economy. 

"" H""' 

If you need anything in the Furniture line, give 
us a call. Yours Respectfully. 

Lucas, Whitney & Co., 


The Only Way 

to intelligently judge the future is to judge by the past. 
Preacher and politician, professor and scientist, all 
agree on that point. 

The only way to measure a sho.^ merchant's abil- 
ity and integrity, is by what his customers do imd 
say. If you have never traded with us, Ask Your 
Neighbor about our stock and prices, it is not what 
you pay for a thing, but what you get for what you 
pay, that satisfies you. Pay little for a poor thing and 
its cheapness is not economy. 

At Our Store 

you pay little for good things. Ease, beauty and 
economy have always been the characteristics of our 
house. If you want anything in the shoe line, at any 
time, give us a call and we guarantee satisfaction. 


East Side Broadway. A . W C 1 L C K , 



• - '-'r