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HISTORICAL RECORD 

OF T-ii 

^? - -^ 






B YAL 

SHERWOOD FORESTERS. 







e00020779V 




{ 



ROYAL 



SHERWOOD FORESTERS. 




HISTORICAL RECORD 

OF THE 

Royal Sherwood Foresters ; 

OR 

Nottinghamshire Regiment 



Militia. /^^^^a 



mm 



CAPTAIN A. E. LAWSON LOWE, 
Royal Sherwood Foresters, 



Honlion 

& CO., 



MDCCCLXXIl. 



i'3/. ^ /-^ 



LONDON: 

W. MITCHELL & CO., MILITARY PUBLISHERS, 

39, CHARING CROSS. 



^ 



TO 
THE RIGHT HONORABLE 

EDWARD, BARON BELPER, 

OF BELPER, IN THE COUNTY OF DERBY, 

LORD LIEUTENANT 

AND 

CUSTOS ROTULORUM 

OF THE 

COUNTY OF NOTTINGHAM, 

THIS 

HISTORICAL RECORD 

OF THE 

ROYAL SHERWOOD FORESTERS, 

OR 
NOTTINGHAMSHIRE REGIMENT OF MILITIA. 

IS DEDICATED, 
WITH PERMISSION, 
BY 
HIS LORDSHIP'S MOST OBEDIENT SERVANT, 

THE COMPILER. 



\ 



PREFACE. 



■0 



TT is doubtful whether there is another regiment in 
^ Her Majesty's Service, possessing so small an 
amount of documents relative to its origin and services, 
as the Royal Sherwood Foresters. The fa6l, although 
affording some apology for the publication of this regi- 
mental record, has added in no small degree to the 
difficulties of its compilation, and must account for any 
omissions or inaccuracies which may occur. Amongst 
the various works and periodicals from which information 
has been derived relative to the Royal Sherwood Foresters, 
and the Militia force in general, the following should 
be specially mentioned : — the ** Annals of Nottingham- 
shire;" *' Memoirs of Colonel Hutchinson;" the ** History 
of our Reserve Forces;" the ** Gentleman's Magazine;" 
and the ** Nottingham Journal," from 1759 down to the 
present date : together with the published records of 
Line and Militia regiments. Other information has been 
derived from the official documents, preserved at the 
Lieutenancy office at Newark-upon-Trent, and the com- 
piler takes this opportunity of expressing his thanks to 
Thomas Fowke Andrew Burnaby, Esquire, Clerk of the 
Lieutenancy of the County of Nottingham, for having 
given him every facility for examining them ; and last, 
but not least, he acknowledges the assistance rendered 
him by Sergeant- Major William Abbott, and by the 
veteran Hospital-Sergeant Edward Hurst, of the Royal 
Sherwood Foresters. 

HiGHFiELD House, 

Near Nottingham. 
yune 30M, 1872. 



Historical Record 



OF THE 



Royal Sherwood Foresters, 



-x-»-:«:^:Q:»4:«:*4c:-<- 



Although the origin of the Royal Sherwood Foresters does not date 
back beyond the middle of the last century, yet it may not be un- 
interesting to preface the record of the regiment with a brief account 
of the rise and progress of the Militia in general, particularly as 
connedled with the county of Nottingham. 

Sir William Blackstone and others include the formation of the 
English Militia, amongst the improvements attributed to the inventa- 
tive genius of King Alfred the Great. The Fyrd, or Militia, is, however, 
of much earlier origin. ** From the earliest period," says Sir Francis 
Palgrave, ** to which our documents can reach, we find the Fyrd 
appearing as a general armament, of the people, comprehending every 
rank, though under different obligations and penalties. If the Sithcund- 
man, being a landowner, remained at home, he forfeited all his land ; 
sixty shillings was his fine ; whilst thirty shillings was the Fyrd-wite 
of the Churl — and to the last it continued a levy of all the population 
of the country." At first no special organisation was adopted in this 
force, and the want of proper discipline and military knowledge was 
severely felt when the country was invaded and devastated by the 
repacious Danes. The improvements which King Alfred effedled in 
the Fyrd, procured for him the credit of having planned the system. 
Under his able guidance the Fyrd became a formidable army, which 
soon freed England from Danish incursions, and secured peace to the 
land for several generations. The regulations which he instituted 
caused the force to very closely resemble the Militia of later days. All 
such as could bear arms in each family were compelled to serve under 



lli->toriuU Record of Uu 



tl<i: liLoil 1.1 \\\t: luiiiily 1 rviiy ten ramilie» constituted a Tything, which 
H>ia •iiiMiii.iiiilol I'V ti Hoinhoktcr, ur conduclor; ten Tjthings formed 
« ll>ii>ilii»l, .11 Wm't-nukr. rtiul tach lliimlrcd was commanded by the 
ihU'l iit.tcialittiv »t the Ji\irtion. who. in his military capacity, was 
•hU.l .« )lHi)tliv>K-i ; rtiKlthe Hundreds wvre united into Counties, each 
k iii>, «.Mitiii;tii\tv<t !■> A lU-ittw^. or county leader. At the head of 
(!i,- \i :.,•;, «!«» ;?!,■ (v:;!^ hiiii.'iv^i'. jiuvI l in mediately beneath him in rank 
\»-«> i!., \\,> .i;. >i--i;, ,-j Ki-^i » l.iCvteiiAiit. Kach section of the com- 
ui. . -x :k,„ ■.•• ,■-•'..» io !^^-.i;*>, !!» ,;uoE* in time of war, but also to 
,i^».,A . ..-1 . -.- A\sv.;!!Tr.-,<:-,;s, ktv? t^em in rci\iir, and undergo so 

;■- w„, . > . V iis ihsl. nnilcr the command of King Harold II., 
1.1 iM . .■ 1 \iv » -^'.x .M'tM.oi^ Norwegian invaders, at Stanford Bridge, 
■. \-- .v-,' %. ■- ;V \r«i ii'ififi; and, in less than a week, met the 

v.. i.v- -.■»«•. ;>iiV.'c William, at Hastings, and after contending for 
» tt v.\ V V gainst the niiWl practised warriors in Europe, only 

, i,. \.. _^- vVnquest did not produce so much effeift by altering 
, n. ^, ,..^,.. ^, <-;tsMished. as by bringing the new engine of feudalism 
,^. , ; ■- v-.-'ivn w<th »l. The King was then the commander of the 
»\\.. i..vM.-i-:¥ vx-^vs. His feudal army was furnished by the tenants 
^1- i \ V-> ix-Vii (Vv^n. (v»r each of which he could demand the service of 
.■..,.. v> .^Jiv, *M twv esquires, for forty days in each year. These were 
\.x .^^^,.^v^', ti«iUMwrB during their period of service, and were liable to 
!t^. ,_ui«.V>v\t #>thpf at home or abroad. But the absolute demand on 
ki\ *v'V'>v« wrts inconvenient to the vassal, and the limitation of the 
y^ .\f4, \\<\^ v>nen no less so to the King. Hence, those who were 
tv*.vV h' * military life often remained with the army beyond their 
^w'il"*^ l^criod, for a stipulated remuneration, whilst others got their 
^^xii,v« vvmmuted to a money payment, which afterwards merged into 
Ihu v'lT"^*"'^'" exatftion of scutage. Whilst this new species of military 
t'wvv VAlUc into existence, the Kyrd still remained in operation, but it 
W^a uv't levied throughout England, except in times of great emer- 
(jVtK.V ; and, indeed, seems only tu have been regularly maintained on 
thtf Welsh and Scottish mnrchcs to preserve peace upon the border. 

Tlw earliest recorded service of Nottinghamshire troops is in 1135, 
Wh«n the Militia of tho county, under William de Peverel, Lord of 
\..Uli>«ham, fought Kulliinlly ut the memorable Battle of the Standard, 
h.AlIerton, In Yorkwhire, where, in the space of two hours, the 
«t over 13,000 men, 
j;(lii,311Utii proved of invaluable service to the Crown in restraining 




Royal Sherwood Foresters. 



the power of the Barons, who possessed great control over the feudal 
troops. On this account King Henry II. re-established the annual 
trainings of the Militia, and in the celebrated " Assize of Arms *' of 1181 
we find the Fyrd of the Anglo-Saxons in its original purity. All 
freemen were then appointed to have arms in their possession according 
to a scale of ranks, which was carefully adjusted. By the ** Statute of 
Winchester," in 1285, King Edward I. enacfled that all freemen between 
the ages of fifteen and sixty were bound to serve in the Fyrd (or 
Militia), but only in their respective counties, except in case of invasion ; 
at the same time the scale of arms for the various ranks was entirely 
revised. 

In 1298, the Militia of Nottinghamshire, which was then mainly 
composed of archers, fought against the Scotch, under William 
Wallace, at the Battle of Falkirk. But even a passing mention of the 
many glorious military achievements, in which the far-famed Notting- 
hamshire archers participated, would be far beyond the limits of this 
record. At the Battles of Neville's Cross and Cressy, in 1346, and at 
Poictiers, in 1356, the Nottinghamshire troops were conspicuous for 
their bravery. During the Welsh rebellion, when the Royalists and 
the insurgents met near Shrewsbury, in 1402, the representatives of the 
county added not a little to the glories of the day ; and at that battle 
Sir John Clifton, Sir Nicholas Burden, and Sir Hugh Shirley, together 
with other brave Nottinghamshire knights and gentlemen, were slain, 
fighting at the head of their troops. At A^incourt, in 1415, the Not- 
tinghamshire archers again played a prominent part, and there, for the 
first time on record, they fought as " Sherwood Foresters,'* their banner 
being thus quaintly described by Drayton : — 

" JUIn iBottingl^am, an arcl^er clan tn green, 
Clnoer a tree, biit^ l^i0 nratnn botu tl^at 0tooii, 
t3SlMt% in a d^equereo flag far off bia0 0een 3 
3lt iaa0 tl^e picture of Iiolo filoliin l^ooli." 

Throughout the Wars of the Roses, Nottingham Castle was viewed by 
the belligerents as a station of the highest importance; and in the 
many fierce and bloody confli(5ls that ensued during that unhappy 
period of civil war, the military reputation of the county was main- 
tained. In 1485 King Richard III. raised his standard, and a consider- 
able number of Nottinghamshire troops — principally infantry — accom- 
panied him to Bosworth Field. Two years later Sir John Markham 
led the Militia of Nottinghamshire against the army of Lambert 
Simnel, at the Battle of Stoke, and earned glory for himself and his 

B 2 



Historical Record of the 




followers. In 1537, on the breaking out of the rcbeUion in the north of 
England, caused by the suppression of the smaller monastic establish- 
ments, and known as the " Pilgrimage of Grace,"* George Talbot, 
fourth Earl of Shrewsbur)% who then resided at Worksop lianor, 
assembled the Militia of Nottinghamshire 'without waiting for the 
Royal commission to do so, and marched out to meet the rebels. 

The advances made in the art of war necessitated great alterations 
in the arms and accoutrements for the Militia, which were effected bv 
Acts of Parliament in 1558 (4 and 5, Philip and Mar}% cap. 2) and 
again in 1604 (i James L, cap. 26). The bow was entirely abolished, 
and matchlocks, arquebusses, and other firearms successively- substi- 
tuted ; and defensive iron armour was gradually replaced by buffleather 
jerkins. 

Queen Elizabeth raised the number of her Militia to 80,000 men ; 
and in the year 1573 Her Majesty sent a commission to the Ma^-or 
of Nottingham to muster the Militia belonging to the town. The pro- 
portion of militiamen furnished by the town appears to have been very 
small, for the Corporation records show that in 1596 the town militia 
consisted of only sixteen trained soldiers, in addition to twent3--four 
bowyers (or halberdiers), who were maintained at the expense of private 
individuals. In 16 15 the number was the same. 

King James I. instituted " Trained Bands " in place of the old 
Fyrd (or Militia), and removed the control of the force out of the hands 
of the Lords- Lieutenant of counties. In 1612 the same monarch 
framed the first "Articles of War," which received the sandlion of 
Parliament under King Charles I., in 1625. 

In the celebrated dispute between King Charles I. and his Parlia- 
menty regarding the right to command the Militia, it was maintained 
on the one hand that the preservation of the peace of the country, and 
its prote(5lion from foreign invaders, were the unalienable privileges 
of the Crown y and involved the right to command all armies, and 
to demand on all occasions the military service of the lieges ; and, on 
the other, that such privileges existed in no . individual without the 
consent of both Houses of Parliament ; whilst it was urged — first in 
the form of an ordinance, and next in that of a bill — that the King 
should consent to the Militia being placed in the hands of com- 
missioners named by Parliament. The firm denial of His Majesty to 
acceed to this demand led to the disastrous civil war ; and each party 
mustered its own forces in its own way. In the year 1641 the House 
of Commons appointed John Holies, second Earl of Clare, " as one of 
the perioni fit to be entrusted with the Militia of Nottinghamshire, and 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 



of the county of the town of Nottingham." Not long afterwards 
a commission was issued by the Parliament for settling the Militia, 
and raising a force in Nottinghamshire and other counties to support 
the claims of the Parliament against the King. The Militia of many 
of the English counties proved faithless to their allegiance, and obeyed 
the orders of the Parliament ; but the Militia of Nottinghamshire — to 
their eternal honour be it recorded — remained loyal, and refused to bear 
arms against His Majesty. The Parliament accordingly ignored the old 
Militia, and appointed three colonels, for each of whom a new regiment 
was to be raised. The three colonels nominated were Sir Francis 
Molyneux, of Teversal, baronet ; Sir Francis Thornhaugh, of Fenton, 
knight ; and Francis Pierrepont, esquire. Of these three. Sir Francis 
Molyneux had the courage and loyalty to emphatically decline to take 
up arms against his Sovereign ; but Sir Francis Thornhaugh imme- 
diately appointed his son lieutenant-colonel of the new regiment, 
whilst he himself superintended the formation of a regiment of cavalry ; 
and Francis Pierrepont appointed John Hutchinson, Esq., of Owthorpe, 
as his lieutenant-colonel, and George Hutchinson, Esq., as his major. 
The Parliament afterwards commissioned major-generals to command 
the various districffcs ; and Nottinghamshire being associated with 
Leicestershire, and other midland counties, was placed under the 
command of Thomas, Lord Grey, of Groby, the eldest son of Henry 
Grey, first Earl of Stamford, and from him the inferior officers received 
their commissions. The new regiments of Militia do not seem to have 
maintained the military renown of the county of Nottingham, for Mrs. 
Hutchinson, in her celebrated " Memoirs,** in speaking of Sir Francis 
Thornhaugh's regiment, says that the men ** being in their own 
country, and having their families in and about Nottingham, were 
tnore guilty of straggling than any of the rest, and Captain White*s 
whole troop having presumed to be away one night when they should 
have been upon the guard, the Newarkers beat up their quarters and 
took almost two whole troops of the regiment.** The Newarkers, here 
referred to, consisted, for the most part, of the loyal Militia of Notting- 
hamshire, who, upon the outbreak of hostilities, had assembled at 
Newark to aid the inhabitants of that most loyal borough in defending 
it for the King. Immediately after King Charles had raised his 
standard at Nottingham, he issued instrucflions to his commissioners 
of array for the several counties of England and Wales, to be observed 
by all justices of the peace, sheriffs, and mayors, who were to 
assist in embodying the Militia for His Majesty. The Notting- 
hamshire Militia was assembled by Sir Gervase Clifton, of 



Hiitcrical Reccri cf the 




Ctiftr/n,* axi4 Rrjbert Sutton. E«q-, of Av*r*:arr: :-*- and Slt John Bjron, of 
New»tea4 1 raised a new troop of horse Militia in the 5c=~them part of the 
county, arid commanded :t with valour and discretion. The great mass 
of the people of Nottinghamshire warmlv advocated the cause of the 
King ; and it is doubtful if there was another count/ in England which, 
at thi« unhappy time, proved more thorocghlj lojal, or more devotedly 
attached to the Crown. No better proof of this can be given than to 
quote the worcU of King Charles, in his speech at Newark, to the 
knights, gentlemen, and freeholders of the county of Nottingham, in 
July, 1642 : " I go to other places,*' said His Majesty, " to confirm 
or undeceive my subje^s ; but I am come here only to thank and 
encourage you." 

The townspeople of Newark, aided by the Militia, and by some 
troops of horse, raised by the Marquis of Newcastle, fortified their town 
and castle, in May, 1643, ^"^ under the command of Sir John Hen- 
derson, a tough old Scotch soldier, gallantly withstood the combined 
assauhs of all the Parliamentary troops that could he raised in the 
distri(ft. After some hard fighting, a vigorous sortie from the garrison 
put General Ballard's Lincolnshire division of the Parliamentary army 
to flight, and his men were speedily followed by Sir John Geirs Derby- 
shire " grey-coats/' The remaining division of the besieging force, 
which was under the command of Colonel Hutchinson, and was strongly 
entrenched, stood firm until lack of ammunition compelled them to 
abandon their position. 



• 8ir OcrvftM Clifton, Bart., of Clifton Hall, was the representative of one of the 
oldest and must distinguished families in Nottinghamshire, and was one of the first 
baronets created by King James I., in 1611. At the commencement of the troubles he 
appears to have inclined somewhat toward the side of the Parliament, but he soon 
bucnmo an ardent Royalist. Sir Oervase was successively the husband of seven 
wives } and, Imving lived to a good old age, he died July the 28th, 1666, and was 
Interred, as the inscription upon his monument records, **pompa decora^" in the family 
vault in Clifton Church, near Nottingham. 

f Robert Hutton, lisq., was created Baron Lexington, of Averham, in the county 
of Noltliigliam, In the year 1645, " in consideration of his steady loyalty to his 
Hnvtirelgn.'* He died Odlober the lath, 1668, and lies buried in the chancel of the 
parish church at Averham, near Newark, where there is a mural monument to his 
memory. 

I Mrs. Hutchinson, in speaking of the loyalty of the Byrons, could only say that 
thty ** wtrt all passionately the King's," so devotedly were they attached to the cause 
of KInK Charles. Hir John Byron, of Newstead Abbey, and his six brothers, all fought 
(slUntly Stfainst the Parliament, and spared neither exertions nor expense in raising 
troops for tht service of His Mjjesty. Sir John Byron was for some time Constable 
of tht Tower of London ; and on October the X4th, 1643, he was created Baron Byron 
9i Roehdslti in tht county of Lancaster. Af^er the loss of the Royal cause he quitted 
kit Atlivt Qountry, snd died in France, in 1652. 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 



Sir Richard Byron* was afterwards appointed Governor of Newark, 
and he soon distinguished himself by a well appointed expedition, 
which may justly be considered as one of the most dashing and spirited 
enterprises which the annals of the revolutionary war, in this distric5l, 
record. The town and castle of Nottingham were then in the hands of 
the Roundheads, and Sir Richard Byron formed the design, by a bold, 
yet secret movement, of obtaining possession both of the town and 
castle, and was very nearly being attended with complete success. He 
marched to Nottingham from Newark in September, 1643, reaching 
the town under cover of the night. His entrance into the town was 
effecfled by strategem ; and having seized and disarmed the sentries, 
most of the Parliamentary cavalry, and about two-thirds of the garrison 
from the castle (who were billeted in the town) were seized in their 
beds, and made prisoners by the cavaliers. All this was done without 
the soldiers in the castle being alarmed ; and it was not until the guard 
was relieved at reveille that the fac5l of the cavaliers being in possession 
of the town became known. Those men who had been on guard during 
the night left the castle in the morning, to go to their quarters in 
the town ; but no sooner were they outside the castle gates than they 
were injudiciously fired upon by the Newark infantry, when, instantly 
running back to the castle for safety, an alarm was given, and thus the 
chance of gaining possession of the castle was lost, though the 
Royalists pressed so closely after the flying Roundheads as to have 
been near entering the gates with them. Colonel Hutchinson at once 
dispatched messengers to Leicester and Derby, soliciting aid from the 
Parliamentary troops there, and opened a heavy fire from the castle upon 
those parts of the town principally occupied by the cavaliers. The cava- 
liers, however, gained possession of St. Nicholas* church, the tower of 
which brought them upon a level with the platform of the castle, and 
poured such continuous volleys of musket balls on to it that the 
soldiers could not stand to the guns without wool-packs being placed 
before them, and even then they were not able to pass from one gate to 
another, nor relieve the guards without the extreme hazard of being 
shot. The cavaliers held the town in possession for five days, during 
which period they threw down a great portion of the fortifications' 



* Sir Richard Byron afterwards succeeded his brother as second Baron Byron, 
and was enabled to regain some considerable portion of the old family estates which 
had been alienated during the civil wars. His lordship died at Newstead Abbey, 
OiStober the 4th, 1679, and his remains lie interred in the chancel of the parish church 
at Hucknall-Torkard, in the county of Nottingham, where there is a mural monu- 
ment to his memory. * ^ 



8 Historical Record of the 

which the Roundheads had raised for the defence of the approaches to 
the castle. Not having a sufficient force to attempt to capture the 
castle by storm, Sir Richard Byron marched his men back to Newark, 
leaving a detachment of the Royalist Militia, under the command 
of Captain Hacker, in possession of a fort near the Trent Bridge. 

In January, 1644, the Newarkers, commanded by Sir Charles Lucas 
made another sally ; and, though troops were sent out to oppose them, 
they again succeeded in forcing their entrance into Nottingham. At 
this time there had been so heavy a fall of snow that it is recorded that 
the Royalist infantry, on their march to Nottingham, waded almost to 
their waists in snow for several miles. The Roundheads did not regain 
possession of the town without some hard fighting, which resulted 
in heavy losses on both sides. Many skirmishes between the garrisons 
of Newark and Nottingham ensued. To guard against these constant 
surprises. Colonel Hutchinson, the Parliamentary Governor of Not- 
tingham, hit upon the curious expedient of establishing a night watch, 
composed of women, who paraded the town of Nottingham in companies 
of fifty ; it being wisely considered that fifty women, in a state of terror, 
would create an alarm that would arouse those sleeping in their beds 
more efifedlually than any other means which might be devised. 

In February, 1644, Newark was again invested by all the troops 
that could be colle(5led by the Roundheads in the midland counties. 
The attacking force amounted to nearly 9000 men, with a strong train 
x)f artillery and mortars, and was under the command of Sir John 
Meldrum. The fortifications of Newark had been judiciously 
strengthened and augmented by Sir Richard Byron ; and his garrison, 
at this time, consisted of about 4500 men, with a fair proportion of 
artillery. The Royalist cavalry having gallantly cut their way through 
the besiegers, succeeded in joining that portion of the King's army 
commanded by Prince Rupert, who, upon hearing the state of affairs 
at Newark, immediately marched to the relief of the town. A bloody 
confli(ft ensued, which resulted in a complete vicffcory for the Royalists, 
who captured no less than 4000 stands of arms, eleven brass cannons, 
two mortars and much ammunition. 

Towards the latter end of 1644 the Parliamentary commanders 
again sent large bodies of troops to attempt to take the town and castle 
of Newark by storm. The various detachments assembled at Mans- 
field, and from there marched upon Newark by way of Thurgarton. At 
this place Sir Roger Cooper had fortified his house, and lined the sur- 
rounding hedges with foot soldiers, who fired on the Roundheads 
M they passed. Sir Roger Cooper's house was afterwards carried by 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 



assault, after a gallant defence. At Southwell the Parliamentary troops 
were met by the Royalists, who, though far inferior in point of 
numbers, drove them back, and took two whole companies of infantry 
prisoners. 

In January, 1645, Newark was for the third time in a state of close 
siege, and the devoted garrison was at one time in great danger of 
being reduced by famine, but was saved by a brilliant attack on the 
Roundheads by Sir Marmaduke Langley, at the head of a small force. 
The Governor of Newark, at this time, was John, Lord Bellasis, and 
he valiantly defended the town and castle, against an overwhelming 
force, until about the 6th of May, 1646, when the unfortunate King 
Charles, having given himself up to the Scottish army, at Kelham, 
was compelled to send an order to his lordship to deliver up the town 
to the Parliamentary commissioners. Such was the valour of the 
Royalist troops, and of the townsmen of Newark, that, although a 
pestilence was then raging in the town, they besought the Governor 
not to obey an order which had been issued under compulsion ; and it 
is recorded that the Mayor of Newark, with tears, and upon his knees, 
begged the Governor to trust in God, and abandon all idea of yielding 
up the town. Lord Bellasis thought fit, however, to obey his Sove- 
reign's commands; and Newark, after sustaining three vigorous sieges, 
was evacuated by the Royalist soldiers, and given up to the Round- 
heads. 

Want of space would forbid mention of the many gallant deeds of 
the cavaliers of Nottinghamshire, were it not foreign to the purposes 
of this record. Enough has been said to evince the loyalty, devotion, 
and bravery of the Nottinghamshire Militia during one of the most 
trying periods in the history of England.* 

Upon the cessation of hostilities the greater part of the Militia was 
disbanded, and we know but little of the condition of the force during 
the Commonwealth. Upon the fall of Richard Cromwell the greatest 
exertions were made by the Provisional Government, with the strenuous 
aid of the whole body of the magistracy and gentry, to organize the 
Militia. In every county the trained bands were held ready to march ; 
and the Militia force is estimated to have then amounted to not less 
than 120,000 men. 

After the Restoration of King Charles II., military tenure was 

* A memorable gentleman volunteer, Mr. Gawen Rutherford, well deserves to be 
held in everlasting remembrance for his zeal and loyalty. Being far advanced in 
years, and having no less than twenty-nine children by one wife, he served as a 
common soldier in the Nottinghamshire Militia, under his twenty- seventh son, who 
was a commander for King Charles during the sieges of Newark. 



lo Historical Record of the 




abolished, and the Militia was the only army which the law recognised. 
That force was entirely remodelled by two Acfls of Parliament passed 
shortly after the Restoration. Every man who possessed £soo per 
annum from land, or ;f 6000 of personal estate, was bound to provide, 
equip, and pay, at his own charge, one horseman. Every man who 
had £^0 per annum derived from land, or ;f 600 of personal estate, was 
charged in like manner with one pikeman or musketeer. Smaller 
proprietors were joined together in a sort of society, and each society 
was bound to furnish, according to its means, a horse soldier or a foot 
soldier. The whole number of cavalry and infantry thus maintained 
was popularly estimated at 130,000 men. ** The King," says Lord 
Macaulay, ** was, by the ancient constitution of the realm, and by the 
recent and solemn acknowledgment of both Houses of Parliament, the 
sole captain-general of this force. The Lords-Lieutenant, and their 
deputies, held the command under him, and appointed meetings for 
drilling and inspecflion. The time occupied by such meetings, how- 
ever, was not to exceed fourteen days in one year. The justices of the 
peace were authorised to inflidl slight penalties for breaches of 
discipline. Of the ordinary cost, no part was paid by the Crown ; but 
when the Trainbands were called out against an enemy, their sub- 
sistence became a charge on the general revenue of the State, and they 
were subjecfl to the utmost rigour of martial law." Within a few years 
after this reorganisation of the force, the annual trainings were care 
Icssly conducfled, and hurried over; and the force necessarily became 
inefficient, and its maintenance was at length considered a useless 
impost upon the country. This marked decrease in the popularity of 
the Militia may doubtless be mainly attributed to the institution of a 
standing army, which was first regularly maintained in this country in 
the reign of King Charles IL 

The unhappy struggle between King Charles L and his Parliament, 
concerning the Militia, caused succeeding monarchs to be remarkably 
tenacious of their rights, and it is recorded that when Dr. Francis 
Turner, Lord Bishop of Ely, preached the coronation sermon of King 
James IL, he cited a phrase in the Book of Chronicles to show the 
King alone ought to command the Militia 1 

In 1685, at the breaking out of the Monmouth Rebellion, the 
Militia of the south-western counties were embodied under the Duke of 
Albemarle, and the extreme folly of negle(5\ing the force then became 
apparent. 

The Militia regulations were slightly amended in the years 1699, 
1714 and 1743. 



Royal Sherwood Foresters, 1 1 

In 1756, when the large standing army, which the position of 
Britain rendered it expedient to keep up, was made more unpopular 
by the introducftion of Hanoverian mercenaries, a bill to entirely 
reconstruc5l the Militia passed through the House of Commons, but 
was rejedled by a large majority in the House of Lords. With some 
difficulty the measure was carried in 1757 ; but, though approved of by 
a large party, its pracflical enforcement frequently produced discontent 
and local disturbance. From this period the regimental record of the 
Royal Sherwood Foresters may be commenced. 

In the year 1757, the ballot was first applied to the Militia by King 
George II., and a force of 32,100 men was thus raised. The measure 
met with great opposition in many counties, and some difficulty was at 
first experienced in filling up the vacant commissions. In Not- 
tinghamshire it was especially unpopular, and on September the 5th, 
1757, a great riot took place at Mansfield, in consequence of the 
meeting of the Deputy Lieutenants to make arrangements for carrying 
into effedl the recent Ac5l of Parliament to raise by ballot the county 
Militia. When the gentlemen were assembled, a mob of over 500 
persons broke into the room, and demanded all the papers relative to 
the Militia ballot ; on their being refused, they took them by force, 
carried them in triumph through the streets of Mansfield, and finally 
committed them to the flames. Several persons met by the rioters were 
most shamefully maltreated, and amongst others, Sir George Savile, 
of Rufford Abbey — a kind and humane gentleman — who, during the pre- 
ceding hard winter, had distributed in charity to the poor of his neigh-^ 
bourhood, flour and meal, to the amount of some hundreds of pounds. 

In 1759, when an invasion of England by the French seemed 
imminent, another attempt was made to embody the Nottinghamshire 
Militia, but such was the aversion to the ballot, that, notwithstanding 
the critical position in which the country was placed, the gentlemen of 
the county held aloof from receiving the commissions tended to them 
by the Lord Lieutetiant, choosing rather to pay the conditional fine 
imposed in such cases, than to answer the summons to serve in a 
regiment, raised by a system so repugnant to them. 

For several years the county continued to pay heavy levies to the 
Crown, in default of raising the Militia, but the strong feeling against 
the ballot was gradually overcome, and the Nottinghamshire Militia 
would have been raised in 1765, had not another obstacle arisen, in the 
shape of a dispute between the authorities of the town of Nottingham 
and the^ gentlemen of the county, as to the number of men which the 
town ought to furnish to the cOunty Militia. 



1 2 Historical Record of the 

Definite arrangements respedling the Militia were at length con- 
cluded at a meeting held at Mansfield on June the 13th, 1775, under the 
presidency of the Lord Lieutenant of the county, the most noble Henry 
Pelham Clinton, Duke of Newcastle. At that meeting it was un- 
animously resolved that the Nottinghamshire regiment of Militia 
should be raised and embodied for training, as soon as the necessary 
forms prescribed by Acfl of Parliament could be put in force. Another 
meeting was held at Mansfield on August the ist, and the long pending 
dispute between the town and county was then amicably adjusted ; the 
proportions being as follows : — Town and county of the town of Not- 
tingham, 80 men ; Hundred of Bassetlaw, 123 men ; Hundred of 
Broxtow, 93 men ; Hundred of Thurgarton, 70 men ; Hundred of Rush- 
cliffe, 34 men ; Hundred of Bingham, 37 men ; Hundred of Newark, 46 
men ; in all, 483 men. This number of men were shortly afterwards 
balloted for, and sworn in by the justices of the peace, and com-, 
missions were issued for the officers. The final regimental arrange- 
ments were made at a meeting of the Deputy Lieutenants of the 
county and the officers of the regiment, held at Ollerton, Ocflober the 
19th, that same year. The officers present upon this occasion were. 
Colonel, the Right Hon. Lord George Sutton ; Lieut. -Colonel, the 
Right Hon. Henry Pelham Clinton, Earl of Lincoln ; Major, John Cart- 
wright; Captains, Sutton, Nevile, Bird, Boyd, Parkyns, and Gilbert 
Cooper ; Lieutenant Berks (the adjutant). Lieutenant Johnson (the 
quartermaster), and most of the subalterns. 

By an Acffc of Parliament passed in 1752, the names of all officers 
were obliged to be submitted for a twenty day's veto, previous to their 
appointment. The right of appointing adjutants and sergeants was 
reserved to the Crown, but the Lords-lieutenant had the exclusive 
power to promote all officers, who, with the exception of the adjutant, 
were obliged to have a property qualification. Every fourth year one- 
third of the officers in each regiment were to retire, in order to make 
room for others willing to accept their commissions, but this regulation 
was but sparingly enforced. The Privy Council had the power to 
adjust the quota of the men, who were to be Protestants, between the 
ages of eighteen and forty-five; they were to serve for three years, 
with an annual training of twenty-eight days ; and if volunteers, or 
substitutes, they were to be five feet four inches in height. Any bal- 
loted man could pay a fine of £"10, which was applied in providing a 
substitute, or serve and receive half the price of one. Each man 
received a bounty of one guinea, and their pay was made equal to that 
of the soldiers of the line ; their wives and children were also entitled 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 13 

to parochial relief if left destitute, except during training, at which 
time the officers deducfled sixpence a day for soldiers' rations, damage 
of arms, and the residue for their families. Their clothing was their 
own property after one year's embodied, or three years' disembodied 
service. During embodiment, and during the annual trainings, the 
punishments were under the Mutiny Adl, and the Articles of War for 
the time being were in force ; no punishment, however, was to extend 
to life or limb, except during embodied service. 

The new regiment obtained the title of the " Forty-Second, or 
Nottinghamshire Regiment of Militia," and, at its first formation, 
consisted of a grenadier company, a light infantry .company, and six 
ordinary companies, having three sergeants and two drummers to each; 
the total of all ranks, not including the band, being 543. The grena- 
dier company, commanded by Captain George Nevile, was entirely 
composed of picked men, averaging more than five feet eleven inches 
in height. The light infantry company, commanded by Captain John 
Gilbert-Cooper, was also composed of picked men, but of a much lower 
standard. The band consisted of two bassoons, three clarinets, two 
French horns, cymbals and drums. 

The original uniform worn by the Nottinghamshire Militia exadlly 
resembled that worn by the infantry of the line at that period, and 
consisted of a wide flapped red coat, faced with black and lined with 
white, cut away to show the lower part of the waistcoat, and having 
broadly turned up laps ; three cornered hat with black cockade ; white 
kerseymere waistcoat and breeches ; long black gaiters and buckled 
shoes. The officers had scarlet coats of the same pattern as those 
worn by the men, ornamented with gold lace and faced with black 
velvet ; shirt frills, showing above the third coat b^tton ; cocked hats 
and feathers ; crimson silk sashes, tied over the hips ; epaulets and 
gorgets ; and white leather sword belts worn over the right shoulder. 
For undress the officers wore short jackets; blue pantaloons, with 
scarlet cord down the side seams ; half boots ; and round bear-skin 
hats, with scarlet and white feathers at the side. The hair of all ranks 
was worn powdered and queued, and the face was closely shaven. 
The device for the regimental button was designed by Major Cart- 
wright, and consisted of a cap of liberty resting upon a clasped book, 
behind which appeared an arm holding a drawn sword; above the 
device was the motto, ** Pro legibus et libetate," and the whole was sur- 
rounded by a garter, inscribed ** Nottinghamshire Regiment." Swords 
for the rank and file having been discontinued since the year 1746, the 
regiment was armed with the musket and bayonet. The barrels of the 



14 Historical Record of the 

■ 

arms were kept bright. The weight of the musket, with the bayonet 
fixed, was ii lbs. 40ZS. ; the weight of the bayonet alone being i lb. 
2 ozs. The length of the barrel was 3-ft. 3-in., and the diameter of the 
bore, '753 in. The charge of the powder was 6 drs., F. G. ; bullets, 14^ 
to the lb. ; and flints, 3 to every 60 rounds. 

On May the 20th, 1776, the Nottinghamshire Militia assembled in 
the town of Nottingham, for the first time, for twenty-eight days' 
training. The men received new arms and accoutrements which had 
been sent down from London about a month before, under the direcflion 
of Captain Boyd, and which, prior to the assembly of the regiment, had 
been deposited in Nottingham Castle. A parade-ground was formed 
on the north side of the town, on a portion of Sherwood Forest then 
unenclosed ; and the first regular parade was on the morning of May 
the 22nd. The new colours, which had embroidered upon them the 
armorial bearings of the Lord- Lieutenant, and those of the county of 
Nottingham, were carried on this occasion for the first time. 

June the 4th, being the anniversary of the birth of His Majesty 
King George IIL, was observed with all proper respedl. At five o'clock 
in the evening the drums beat to arms, and the Nottinghamshire 
Militia, under the command of Colonel Lord George Sutton, having 
assembled in the great market-place, fired five excellent volleys in 
honour of the King, after which the men were turned about so as 
to face the Exchange Hall, where the Mayor and Corporation of Not- 
tingham were assembled, and a sixth volley was fired in compliment 
to them. Two guineas were then divided arAongst the men in each 
company, to enable them to drink His Majesty's health, and the officers 
were afterwards entertained in the Exchange Hall, by the Right 
Worshipful the Mayor of Nottingham (John Fellows, Esq.). 

To inaugurate the formation of the_Nottinghamshire Militia, a ball 
was given by the officers in Nottingham Castle, on June the 14th; and 
it is remarkable that no such entertainment had been given there 
for upwards of half a century. A guard of honour, composed of two 
companies of the regiment, did duty at the castle upon this occasion ; 
and the appearance of the men, after so short a period of military 
exercise, excited equal surprise and admiration. 

The men were dismissed to their homes on June the i6th, their 
arms and accoutrements being deposited, at the special request of the 
Lord-Lieutenant, in Nottingham Castle, which for some years continued 
to be used as the regimental stores. 

The Nottinghamshire Militia assembled at Nottingham for its 
second training on May the 22nd, 1777, and remained in the town for 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. , 15 

twenty-eight days. This year the King's birthday was observed with even 
greater demonstrations of loyalty. About noon the regiment marched 
into the market-place, headed by the band, the colours being carried by 
Ensigns Sutton and Byron, and were formed into line in front of the 
Exchange Hall, h feu-de-joie was then fired in presence of His Grace 
the Duke of Portland, the Mayor and CorpK)ration of Nottingham, and 
some thousands of spec5lators, who joined heartily in the cheers between 
each volley. A sum of money was divided amongst the men, and the 
officers were entertained by the Corporation. In the evening the 
officers dined together at the White Lion Hotel, the grenadier com- 
pany being stationed outside to fire a volley when King George's health 
was drunk. The regiment was officially inspected on June the 13th. 

On April the 13th, 1778, the Nottinghamshire Militia assembled at 
Nottingham, being embodied for permanent duty, as were many other 
English regiments of Militia, on account of the alliance of France with 
the rebellious American colonies. About this time so many men had 
volunteered into the line that the number of privates was reduced 
to 320 ; and, from a circular issued by the Lord-Lieutenant, it appears 
that there were also vacancies for subaltern officers. 

The regiment was inspecfled at Nottingham on May the 13th, 
by Major-General Ward, who, at the conclusion of the review, addressed 
the regiment in terms of the highest approbation. This year the King's 
birthday was duly observed ; and a few days afterwards the regiment 
received orders to leave Nottingham for Hull, to protedl that port from 
any attempted invasion by the French. Accordingly, on Wednesday, 
June the loth, the first division, consisting of the grenadier company, 
with three other companies, and the band and colours, marched out of 
Nottingham under the command of Colonel Lord George Sutton, 
at about five o'clock in the morning, amid the cheers of an immense 
crowd, which, even at that early hour, had assembled to witness the 
departure. The second division, consisting of the light infantry com- 
pany, with the three remaining companies, left Nottingham on the 
following morning, under the command of Major Cartwright. 

On 0(5lober the 22nd, I778j^ died Lieut. -Colonel the Right Hon. 
Henry Pelham Clinton, Earl of Lincoln, eldest son of the most noble 
Henry Fiennes Pelham Clinton, second Duke of Newcastle, and Lord- 
Lieutenant of the county of Nottingham. His lordship was succeeded 
in the lieut-colonelcy by his youngest brother, the Right Hon. Lord 
John Pelham Clinton. 

Towards the close of the year 1778 a small volume was pubHshed 
at Hull, containing the standing orders of the Nottinghamshire Militia, 



1 6 Historical Record of the 

^"^■^^»^— ^-^■^^^ ■ ^W^— ^^^M^^.^— ^»^ ■ ■■■■■■■■■■■ ■■■■■■ ■-■! ■■■■ ■ H »»»^ 

which had been carefully and judiciously compiled by Major Cartwright, 
at the request of the commanding officer. After the publication of the 
volume, these standing orders were adopted by many other regiments, 
and were long held in the very highest estimation. The book is now 
exceedingly scarce ; and it is a remarkable fac5l that not a single copy 
has been preserved by the regiment. 

Whilst the Nottinghamshire Militia was stationed at Hull, an 
alarm was raised of an attack upon that place by the French, and the 
condudl of the regiment upon that occasion was highly spoken of by 
the civil and military authorities of the distridl. On the evening 
of November the nth, between the hours of four and five, information 
was received that a large French privateer, followed at a distance by 
other hostile vessels, was cruising in the Humber. The drums at once 
beat to arms, and in less than five minutes the whole regiment was 
marching to the magazines to be supplied with extra ammunition. 
Outposts, composed of men from the Nottinghamshire Militia, were 
placed on the most commanding situations along the coast ; the 
ordinary town guard was strongly reinforced ; two detachments of 
invalid soldiers were armed ; and all preparations made in anticipation 
of the enemy's landing. These adlive measures happily frustrated the 
attempt; and the leading vessel, having approached until almost 
within gunshot of the batteries, suddenly changed her course, and, 
with the others, put out to sea. The alertness with which the men of 
the Nottinghamshire regiment repaired to their rendezvous on the first 
alarm, and the zeal and courage they displayed on finding themselves 
in the presence of the enemy, together with the energy and acflivity 
of the officers, was long remembered with gratitude by the inhabitants 
of the town of Hull. 

In August, 1779, during the race week, a meeting was held in Not- 
tingham of the nobility, gentry, and clergy of the county, for the pur- 
pose of raising a subscription ** to be applied for the public service of 
this kingdom in the present critical situation of affairs." Sir Robert 
Sutton, Bart., presided, and after some little 3iscussion it was resolved 
to form a committee, who unanimously agreed ** that the chairman of 
this committee do write to the Secretary-at-War, transmitting to him 
copies of the resolutions of the general meeting, and of the present 
committee, and do request him to move His Majesty to appoint some 
particular regiment to be recruited in this county, with the assistance 
of the subscription entered into ; and that His Majesty be graciously 
pleased to order such regiment henceforward to be distinguished by the 
name of the county." This request was at once complied with, and 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 17 

the skeleton of the 45th Regiment of Foot, which had recently 
returned from America, numbering less than 100 men, was at once 
ordered into Nottinghamshire, on recruiting service, with the assur- 
ance that whenever 300 men should be raised and incorporated into 
the said regiment, with the assistance of the influence and bounty 
of the noblemen and gentlemen of the county, then the regiment should 
be distinguished from thenceforward by the title of the ** Nottingham- 
shire Regiment," as a memorial of the zeal and loyalty shown by the 
county. In addition to the usual sum, an extra bounty of six guineas 
was paid to each recruit out of the county subscription, and many more 
than the stipulated number were speedily obtained. The 45th Regiment 
and Nottinghamshire have ever since been closely connec5led ; and, 
during the French Revolutionary War, the regiment received many 
hundreds of men belonging to the county, nearly all of whom were 
volunteers from the Nottinghamshire Militia. Few regiments under 
the Crown have, during the last eighty years, seen more arduous service 
than the 45th, and none have earned for themselves a higher renown. 
Should any be disposed to sneer at this bloodless record of a Militia 
regiment, let them look at the honours upon the tattered colours of the 
gallant 45th, and remember that it was by Nottinghamshire militiamen 
that those honours were won. 

During the time that the Nottinghamshire Militia was quartered at 
Hull, the men acquired such a proficiency in shooting as to obtain the 
sobriquet of the " Nottinghamshire Marksmen '* — a name which was 
retained by the regiment for many years, and was even occasionally 
used in official documents. 

Many quaint and curious advertisements for Militia' substitutes 
appeared in the provincial newspapers about this time. The following, 
from the Nottingham yournal, may be quoted as an example : — 

*' WANTED.— ABLE SUBSTITUTES, 
To serve in the * Nottinghamshire Marksmen,* or 42nd Bat- 
-talion of Militia, for the space of three years ; commanded by 
the worthy Lord George Sutton, and now quartered in the 
delightful and plentiful town of Kingston-upon-Hull, where 
excellent ale is sold at only three pence the full quart ; fish, 
of the best quality, at one penny per pound, and shambles 
meat at a lower rate than in most towns in the kingdom. 

** Young Men of spirit and acffcivity, from the age of 17 to 
30, and from 5 feet 4 to 5 feet 10 inches high, disposed to 
engage, will be paid a handsome bounty by applying to Mr. S. 
Cresswell, printer, Nottingham. 

c 




1 8 Historical Record of the 

•* Substitutes for the Militia who enter their names, agree 
to serve, and duly attend to be enrolled before the Deputy- 
Lieutenants, next Monday, will be welcome to a good English 
ordinary of roast beef and plum pudding, at Mrs. Scott's, at 
the Eight Bells, and a ticket to see the fiamous play of ' King 
Richard the Third,' and the favourite farce of the ^Jubilee.' 

"Those men balloted for the town of Nottingham, and 
willing to serve in person, shall be paid four guineas and a 
half, receive the county guinea at Hull, with many other legal 
advantages for themselves and ^milies, partake of a good 
dinner, and have a ticket for the Play at night. 

"God Savk the IQng." 

After remaining at Hull for exac^y a year, the " Marksmen " were 
ordered into camp on Southsea Common, near Portsmouth, being 
replaced at Hull by the Second West York Mihtia, then commanded 
by Colonel Hervey. The regiment marched from Hull in two divisions, 
the distance being performed in twenty days, by the following route : — 
First division — June the gth, from Hull to Glandford Bridge ; loth, to 
Gainsborough; nth, to Retford and Tuxford ; 12th, to Newark (pre- 
vious to their arrival in that town the men were halted, by special 
desire, at the seat of Joseph Pocklington, Esq., at Carlton-upon-Trent, 
and were most hospitably entertained by that gentleman) ; 13th, being 
Sunday, the division remained in Newark, and, for the first time, 
attended divine service in the old parish church. The Corporation of 
Newark, considering the fatigues of the march, presented a sum of 
money to be divided amongst the men. 14th, to Grantham ; 15th, to 
Mclton-Mowbray ; i6th, to Oakham and Uppingham; 17th, halt; 
18th, to Kettering; 19th, to Newport- Pagnall ; 20th, being Sunday, 
halt; 2i8t, to Stony- Stratford; 22nd, to Aylesbury; 23rd, to Tame, 
Watlington and Bennington ; 24th, halt ; 25th, to Altham ; 26th, to 
Pctcrsficld ; 27th, being Sunday, halt ; 28th, to Portsmouth, and into 
camp on Southsea Common. The second division marched from Hull, 
on June the loth, and proceeded by the same route. 

On September the ist, the regiment was officially inspecfled by 
General Monckton, who made a most gratifying report of the general 
efficiency and appearance of the men. 

Early in December the camp at Southsea was broken up, and the 
regiment went into winter quarters at Gosport. Whilst at this place, a 
portion of the duty was to mount guard over the prisoners of war con- 
fined in the Forton prison, near Gosport ; and in the performance of this 
duty a melancholy accident occurred. One of the sentries, Private 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 19 

William Stevenson, hearing some unusual noise in the dead of night, most 
imprudently left his post to ascertain its cause. Another sentry seeing 
him, but not recognising his uniform owing to the darkness of the 
night, fancied him to be a prisoner escaping, and, receiving no answer 
to his challenge, fired and mortally wounded his comrade, who only 
survived long enough to explain how the fatal mishap occurred. 

Nor was this the only fatal event which happened in the regiment 
whilst it was quartered in Gosport. Early in June, 1780, a party 
of soldiers, belonging to the 14th Foot, were quarrelling and fighting 
in a public-house in the town. A baggage guard of the Nottingham- 
shire Militia, under the command of a sergeant, named Reeves, 
happened to be passing at the time, and the landlord called upon the 
sergeant to assist him in putting an end to the brawl. Sergeant 
Reeves accordingly entered the house, accompanied by several of his 
men ; but, before he had time to defend himself, a grenadier of the 14th 
Foot stabbed him in four places with his sword, infli(5ling such serious 
wounds that the sergeant died almost immediately. 

In June, 1780, the Nottinghamshire Militia was relieved at Gosport 
by a detachment of the Derbyshire Militia, and was encamped on Ran- 
moor Common, near Dorking, in Surrey. In consequence of the 
inclemency of the weather, the camp was broken up early in November, 
and one division of the regiment was sent into winter quarters at 
Basingstoke, and the other division was quartered in detachments at 
Famham and Bagshot. 

Towards the end of January, 1781, the whole regiment was removed 
to Gosport, where the Nottinghamshire Militia remained until March, 
when it was relieved by the Surrey Militia, and was sent to Poole, 
to defend the inhabitants of that di8tri(5l from the depredations of bands 
of piratical smugglers, which then infested the coast of Dorset. 

About the end of May, the regiment, under the command of Major 
Cartwright, was recalled to Gosport, and, together with the Surrey, 
was encamped at Stokes Bay, near that town. Winter setting in, the 
camp was broken ,up ; and the Nottinghamshire regiment, being 
divided into detachments, was quartered at Andover, Basingstoke, and 
other places in the vicinity. 

The officers of the Nottinghamshire Militia, in August, 178 1, were 
as follows : Colonel the Right Hon. Lord George Sutton, Lieut. -Colonel 
the Right Hon. Lord John Pelham Clinton, Major John Cartwright, 
Captains, George Isham Parkyns, George Sutton, William Coape Sher- 
brooke, Augustus Parkyns, and Harrington Baudin; Captain-Lieu- 
tenant John Tracy, Lieutenants, John Coll ishaw, John Smith, Frederick 

c 2 



20 Historical Record of the 

George Byron, Thomas Good, Thomas Littlewood, Philip Ellis, and 
William Champion ; Ensigns, Squire Rein, William Pritchard, Thomas 
Hand, William Hamilton, and William Sampson ; Adjutant, Lieut. 
Richard Berks ; Quartermaster, Lieut. William Johnson ; and Surgeon, 
Ensign John Manners. 

The lieut.-colonelcy was again vacant about this time, by the death 
of Lieut. -Colonel the Right Hon. Lord John Pelham Clinton, youngest 
son of His Grace the Duke of Newcastle, and Groom of the Chambers 
to His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. At the time of his death 
his lordship was only in the twenty-sixth year of his age. The lieut.- 
colonelcy was given to Edward Thoroton Gould, Esq., of Mansfield 
Woodhouse, in the county of Nottingham, who eventually succeeded 
to the command of the regiment. 

In the sumijier of 1782, the detachments of the Nottinghamshire 
Militia were called together, and the whole regiment was encamped on 
Brampton Common, in Kent. Here, the principal duty of the regiment 
was to mount guard over the stores and batteries in the neighbouring 
garrison of Chatham. 

Early in November, orders were received for the regiment to return 
into Nottinghamshire ; and on November the 2gth the first division of 
the Nottinghamshire Militia, with the band and colours, marched into 
Newark, under the command of Colonel Lord George Sutton, and was 
quartered there during the winter. The second division was divided 
into detachments, respe(5lively quartered at Tuxford and Retford. 

On January the 5th, 1783, the regiment experienced a severe loss in 
the death of its gallant colonel, the Right Hon. Lord George Sutton, 
which occurred at his seat at Kelham, near Newark, after a short 
illness. His lordship was the first commanding officer appointed to 
the Nottinghamshire Militia after the Militia was re-organised, in 1757, 
the date of his commission hieing August the 19th, 1775. He was born 
in 1722, and was the third son of the'most noble John Manners, third 
Duke of Rutland, by Bridget, his wife, only daughter and heiress of the 
Right Hon. Robert Sutton, second Baron Lexington, of Averham, in 
the county of Nottingham. At the decease of his elder brother. Lord 
Robert Sutton, in 1762, he inherited the estates of his maternal grand- 
father, and assumed the name and arms of Sutton by Royal license. 
He first married Diana, only daughter of Thomas Chaplin, Esq., 
of Blackney, in the county of Lincoln, by whom he had several chil- 
dren ; and secondly, Mary, daughter of Joshua Peart, Esq., of the city 
of Lincoln, by whom he had one daughter. In 1754 he was returned 
as representative in Parliament for the borough of Grantham, which 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 21 

— — - — __ . — " » ' ■ 

place he continued to represent until the general eletftion of 1780, when 
he was eledled for the borough of Newark. His remains lie interred 
in the chancel of the parish church of Kelham, where a tattered achieve- 
ment, displaying the armorial bearings of the deceased officer, still 
remains. He was succeeded in the colonelcy by the Hon. Henry 
Willoughby, eldest son of the Right Hon. Henry Willoughby, fifth 
Baron Middleton. 

On Monday, March the 3rd, 1783, the first division of the Notting- 
hamshire Militia marched into Nottingham from Newark, under the 
command of Major Cartwright. Peace having been concluded, the 
Militia of the whole kingdom was b^ing moved towards the head- 
quarters of the respe(5live regiments, previous to disembodiment ; and 
about the same time that the first division of the Nottinghamshire 
regiment arrived in Nottingham, the_ Leicestershire marched into the 
same town, en route for Leicester. A few days later the second division 
of the Nottinghamshire arrived in Nottingham, and the whole regiment 
was immediately disembodied. A contemporary local newspaper, in 
mentioning the disembodiment, remarks that ** the men retired to their 
respedlive homes with the greatest order and regularity, maintaining 
to the end the reputation they had earned for themselves." 

For several years the regiment was not assembled for training, the 
staff being stationed at Nottingham, and the arms, clothing, and 
accoutrements being deposited in Nottingham Castle. During this 
period the regiment was maintained up to a certain strength, men 
being balloted for to supply the vacancies as occasion required. 

On May the 12th, 1788, the Nottinghamshire Militia was assembled 
at Nottingham for twenty-eight days* training, under the command of 
Lieut. -Colonel Gould. 

June the 4th, being the anniversary of the King's birthday, the 
regiment fired a feu-de-joie in the great market-place, and the officers 
were entertained in the banqueting hall of the Exchange, by the Right 
Worshipful the Mayor of Nottingham (Joseph Lowe, Esq., of 
Highfield). 

The regimental orders of the day, previous to the conclusion of the 
training, contained the following : — 

** Lieut. -Colonel Gould returns his sincere thanks to the regiment 
for their very soldier-like and good behaviour during the month's 
exercise ; and he shall feel himself particularly happy in reporting the 
same to His Grace the Duke of Newcastle, and Colonel Willoughby, 
on the first opportunity." 



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of bis a£C -wiKn be -wis arcccrrec r^ tiit c^'rr.Tr»t tc cc ibe Xoctingham- 
fihire Militia, bi* tbe Lcrd-Iiecrsccitrt cc tbe cccnrr. Ke seldom, if 
ever, served witb tbe re^itrjent. In i$o? be s;2cc<rftievi bis father as 
sixth Earoc Micdletcn. Ke marri^c ^itse. dk:icbter <rc Sir Robert 
Lawkv. Bart-. \yzt died wiibod issoe, J^rrse tbe t9cb, 1S55. aged 
sevectj'-four years, and was biiried in tbe ch^"v^- ot WoCarcHi Church, 
near Nottinghani, where there is a mural mcnctaent to his memory. 

Early in May, 1791, the regiment was calkd together in Nottingham 
for the usual period of training. At that time the 15th Light Dragoons 
i^-ere quartered in the town ; and the biUet accommodation not being 
considered as sufficient for both Dragoons and Militia, one division of 
the former \va« removed out of the town. 

On May the 25th, the greater part of the Nottinghamshire Militia, 
under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Gould, marched £rom Notting- 
ham to Mansfield, where the detachment remained for three days, 
returning to Nottingham on the evening of the 28th. It is worthy of 
note that at this training there was not a single man absent, whose 
absence was not accounted for satisfaiflorily. 

' Tbe regiment^ at this period, enjoyed a great reputation for the 
: Madness and celerity with which its manceuvres were executed ; and 
^ jiolonel Churchill, the commanding officer of the 15th Light Dragoons, 
MQ^iaed a particular desire to be permitted to inspe(5l the regiment. 
[It waa accordingly reviewed by him on Sherwood Forest, on June the 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 23 

4th ; and at the conclusion of the review the Colonel expressed himself 
as highly gratified with what he had seen, and added, that the regiment 
fully merited the good name which it had won. 

Major John Cartwright,* having taken an a(5live part in various 
political agitations, his commission in the Nottinghamshire Militia 
was withdrawn, Ocfkober the 23rd, 1792 ; or, in other words, he was 
dismissed from His Majesty's service. 

In May, 1792, at the usual time for the annual regimental training, 
there were quartered in the town of Nottingham three troops of the 6th 
Inniskilling Dragoons, and the greater part of the 57th Regiment oi 
Foot. On this account the training was deferred until towards the end 
of the year, and the regiment was not assembled until November 
the I 2th. 

During this training an incident arose which is worthy of mention, 
if only as an example of the state of society at this time. Party feeling 
then ran high ; and a certain few of avowed Republican principles — 
sympathisers of the notorious Thomas Paine — were vainly endeavour- 
ing to obtain for themselves some notoriety. Nottingham, like all 
other large towns, had its representatives of this class ; and, one 
evening, as a private of the Nottinghamshire Militia (who had partaken 
too freely of the far-famed Nottingham ale) was returning to his billet, 
he was met by a party of these would-be " Republicans," and decoyed 
by them into a conversation highly disrespecfkful to His Majesty the 
King. Being overheard by a non-commissioned officer, he was imme- 
diately confined, and would certainly have been tried by court-martial 
had it not been for his previous exemplary conducft, and his protestations 
of steady loyalty and profound attachment to his Sovereign. lie was 
accordingly released from confinement ; but, upon parade next morn- 
ing, he, at his own request, in proof of his sincere penitence, knelt 
down, bareheaded, in sight of the whole regiment, and humbly craved 
pardon from King George, and from the officers of his regiment, for the 
stain which might have fallen upon them through his intemperance. 

During the important struggle between Great Britain and her 
rebellious American colonies, France had treacherously afforded adlive 
assistance to the latter; and, although peace had been concluded and 
preserved for several years, still the bitter feeling which existed between 
the English and French nations rendered the re-commencement of war 
merely a question of time. Partly for this reason, and partly on account 
of the supposed growth of Republican feeling in England, the Govern- 



Vide Appendix. 




24 Hisiorical Record cfihe 

ment resolved to embodr a certain cumber of regiments of Militia- A 
Roj-al proclamation was accordia^lv issuetL December tbe ist, 1792, 
alleging that " the utmost indusny was stated to be employed by evil- 
disposed persons, acting in concert with persons in foreign parts, with 
a view to subvert the law and constitution : and that a spirit of tumult 
had manifested itself in acts of riot and insurrection ;" that His Majesty 
had therefore ** resolved to embody part of the Militia of the kingdom."' 
The Nottinghamshire Militia was accordingly distinguished by being 
one o{ the first to recei'v-e orders for immediate embodinaent. 

The regiment assembled in Nottingham for permanent duty on 
Monda}', January the zSth, 1793, under the command of Colonel 
Edward Thoroton Gould, who had recently succeeded to the colonelcy, 
on the resignation of Colonel the Hon. Henry Willoughby. Thomas 
Charlton, Esq., of Chilwell, in the county of Nottingham, was appointed 
Lieut. -Colonel, on the promotion of Colonel Gould. 

On January the 21st, 1793, King Louis the Sixteenth of France was 
executed ; and the French made it known that their whole power would 
be lent to the assistance of nations desirous of overthrowing their 
existing Governments. Secret offers were made to the English 
Republicans ; and on February the 3rd, France declared war against 
England. The whole of the English Militia regiments were at once 
embodied, and ordered to be encamped in different parts of the coast ; 
independent volunteer companies being raised to protecl the inland 
counties. 

About a month after its embodiment, the Nottinghamshire Militia 
received orders to proceed to the Lincolnshire coast ; ^and on March 
the 4th, marched out of Nottingham ; and since that time — during a 
space of upwards of eighty years — the regiment has never once been 
quartered in the county town. The first day's march was from Not- 
tingham to 2>iewark, where the regiment remained for the whole of the 
next day, proceeding en route for the Lincolnshire coast on March the 
6th, and, in the course of a few days, was quartered in detachments at 
Boston, Spalding, and elsewhere in the vicinity; the head-quarters 
being at Boston. 

The King's birthday was observed at Boston, on June the 4th, with 
unusual festivities. At noon, the principal detachment of the Notting- 
hamshire Militia, with the band and colours, assembled under command 
of Colonel Gould, and fired 2ifeu-de-joie^ with a salvo of artillery between 
each round. The Mayor of Boston gave a cold collation to the officers, 
and afterwards the Mayor and Corporation, together with the principal 
gentry of the neighbourhood, dined at the officers' mess. In the 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 25 

evening the Corporation gave a supper to the officers, and divided ten 
guineas amongst the men, to enable them to drink King George's health. 

Early in November, in anticipation of an invasion by the French, 
the light infantry companies of all Militia regiments received orders to 
hold themselves in readiness to march at an hour's notice, and each 
man was provided with forty rounds of ball cartridge. 

In 1793, all the Militia Acfts were consolidated, and a body of 21,660 
men was raised, consisting of both Protestants and Roman Catholics. 
The quota of men for England and Wales was also fixed at 30,740 
men, who were to be raised by ballot. In March, 1794, an Acft was 
passed to enable the Crown to accept the services of one or more 
companies, which were to be raised by persons of influence and dis- 
tinction, to be attached as extra companies to Militia regiments, but as 
volunteers. Temporary rank, which was not to exceed that of Lieut. - 
Colonel, was given to the officers. 

In the summer of 1794, the Nottinghamshire regiment was sent into 
Essex, and encamped near Danbury in that county, together with the 
Cambridgeshire, Leicestershire, and First West Norfolk regiments of 
Militia. At the end of Ocflober the camp was broken up, and the fol- 
lowing highly complimentary letter was addressed by the General in 
command to the commandingofficer of the Nottinghamshire Militia:— 

" Danbury Place, 

" November ^rd, 1794. 
** Sir, 

" The campaign happily over, I cannot allow our separation to 

take place without remarking upon the constant zeal and exertions of 

you, Sir, and the officers and men of the Nottinghamshire Regiment 

of Militia, for the establishing and maintaining that order and discipline 

— the essence of soldiers — without which they are nothing but a lawless 

banditti, and returning you and them my thanks for a conduc5l which 

has done you so much honour, and has given me so much satisfaction. 

Accept of them, Sir, and- present them to your officers and soldiers, with 

the assurance that I shall ever remember their attention to myself with 

pleasure, and the summer of 1794 as one of the pleasantest of my long 

military career. 

" I have the honour to be, with the greatest regard, 

** Sir, your most obedient and very humble servant, 

** James Johnstone, General. 
'* Colonel Gould, 

** Commanding Officer of the Nottinghamshire Regiment of 
Militia." 



26 Historical Record of the 



The Nottinghamshire Militia, being divided into thirteen detach- 
ments, was sent into winter quarters in as many small towns and 
villages in Essex, the head quarters being at Braintree, and the next 
principal division at Bocking. 

In June, 1795, permission was given to the Militia to volunteer into 
the Royal Artillery, or the -Navy, in the proportion of one to every ten. 

In 1795, the Nottinghamshire regiment was quartered in the city of 
Ely, a strong detachment being stationed in the neighbouring town of 
Newmarket. 

This same year, the King, taking into consideration the high price 
of bread, ordered that all Line and Militia regiments should have supplied 
to them the six pound loaf at fourpence below the market price, the 
difference to be paid by the Government. This was an inestimable 
boon to the soldier, who then had but two meals a day — the food being 
none of the best. His Majesty also ordered that all the beer provided 
for the troops should be carefully examined,^ in order that its whole- 
someness might not be questioned. It need hardly be added that this 
regulation gave unbounded satisfac5lion in the Army. 

About the beginning of the year 1796, the regiment, under the 
command of Lieut. -Colonel Charlton, was removed to King's Lynn, in 
Norfolk. 

The Nottinghamshire Militia at this time had attached to it a field- 
battery of artillery of two guns, and two rifle companies in green 
uniforms, which were placed on either flank when the regiment was in 
line, the artillery being on the extreme right. The field-battery was 
entirely composed of privates of the Nottinghamshire Militia, a certain 
number being told off and placed under the tuition of a party of Royal 
Artillery, who were sent down to head-quarters for that purpose. This 
course of instru(5lion was afterwards extended to the whole regiment, 
the companies taking the great gun drill in regular rotation. 

The sobriquet of the ** Saucy Notts " (by which name the Notting- 
hamshire Militia was familiarly known for many years) was given 
to the regiment about this time. 
' From King's Lynn the regiment was sent to York, and from there 
to Hull, then a garrison town. 

Early in 1797, whilst the Nottinghamshire Militia was at Hull, great 
apprehensions were entertained lest the French should attempt an 
invasion of England ; and, it being generally thought that the coast of 
Yorkshire would be selecSled as the most favourable locality to effedl a 
landing, troops were hastily sent into that district. The Leicestershire 
Militia was sent to relieve the Nottinghamshire at Hull, and the latter 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 27 

regiment, being divided into several detachments, was quartered at 
Bridlington, Driffield, Hornsea, Market-Weighton, and other neigh- 
bouring towns. The Loyal Irish Fencibles were quartered in those 
towns at the same time. 

In November, 1796, a Supplementary Militia had been raised, con- 
sisting of 59,441 men for England, and 4437 for Wales. The Notting- 
hamshire Supplementary regiment, consisted of about 900 men, who 
were furnished by the various divisions of the county in the following 
proportions : ** Hundreds of Rushcliffe and Bingham, and the south 
division of Broxtow, 190 men; north division of the Hundred of 
Broxtow, 131 men; Hundred of Bassetlaw, 211 men; Hundreds of 
Newark and Thurgarton, 206 men ; town and county of the town of 
Nottingham, 158 men; in all, 896 men. The men belonging to the 
Hundreds of Rushcliffe, Bingham, and the south division of Broxtow, 
were assembled for training at Nottingham, together with the men 
belonging to that town ; those men belonging to the north division of 
the Hundred of Broxtow were assembled at Mansfield ; those belonging 
to the Hundred of Bassetlaw, at East Retford ; and those belonging to 
the Hundreds of Newark and Thurgarton, at Newark. It was agreed 
that the number of men of the Supplementary Militia assembled at one 
time for training, or otherwise, should never exceed half the whole 
number, except in case of invasion. In March, 1798, a portion of the 
force being embodied, half of the Nottinghamshire Supplementary 
Militia was called out and sent into the north of England. The force 
was altogether abolished in the years 1799 and 1800, many of the men 
enlisting into regiments of the Line. 

Towards the end of May, 1797, the regular Nottinghamshire Militia, 
which had for some months been quartered in detachments at Bridling- 
ton, and other towns near the Ybrkshire coast, was sent into new 
barracks at Hull. The troops then quartered in the immediate vicinity 
consisted of the 31st Regiment of Foot, a party of the Royal Artillery, 
the Nottinghamshire, Northumberland, Durham, and Leicester Regi- 
ments of Militia, the North York Supplementary Militia, and the 3rd, 
4th, and 5th Regiments of West York Supplementary Militia ; the 
whole brigade being under the command of Brigadier-General Smith, 
whose head-quarters were at Elton. The grenadier and light infantry 
companies of each regiment were formed into two separate regiments, 
the grenadiers being commanded by Lieut. -Colonel Hepburn, and the 
light infantry by Lieut.-Colonel Carlton. 

Several companies of each regiment were encamped at Burstwick, 
a small village about eight miles west of Hull, and the officers were 



28 Historical Record of the 

requested to add to their topographical knowledge — to study the 
features of the country — so that should the troops be called upon sud- 
denly to move, either by day or night, there might be no confusion or 
delay. All the camp requisites were ordered for instantaneous use, the 
men's knapsacks packed, horses in preparation for the field-pieces, and 
everything arranged as though they had been in the acftual presence of 
the invader. The men were diligently exercised in the manual, platoon, 
and great gun drill, alarm-posts were established, and all lights were 
extinguished at an early hour. At Hull, and other places on the 
Humber, the sentries on the various stations were doubled, and there 
was incessant watchfulness on the part of all, from the general to the 
private soldier. These precautions were taken because the Govern- 
ment had received an intimation that the French, supported by the 
Dutch fleet, intended to land either in the Humber or the Tees. 
Admiral Duncan's vicftory, however, over the Dutch fleet at Camper- 
down ; and the prevention of the French landing in Ireland (which was 
to have taken place simultaneously with the descent upon England) 
allayed the anxiety for the time, and the duties of the garrison were in 
a slight degree relaxed.* 

In September, 1797, Sergeant George Hoovey, of the Nottingham- 
shire Militia, was, by sentence of a general court-martial, degraded to 
the ranks, and received no less than five hundred lashes, for having 
connived at the escape of certain French prisoners of war, whom he 
was conducSling under escort to the prison at Yaxley, in Huntingdon- 
shire. 

About this time, beside the regular force, the British Army consisted 
of thirty regiments of fencible cavalry, forty-two of fencible infantry, 
and no regiments of regular Militia, together with enrolled corps 
of invalids and volunteers amounting to 100,000 men, or more. 

In June, 1798, the British Militia volunteered to serve in Ireland 
for the suppression of the rebellion, and an Acfl was passed, permitting 
12,000 men to serve there for a limited period. 

On May the ist, 1798, the Nottinghamshire Militia marched from 
Hull, and was encamped at Dimplington, a hamlet on the sea-coast, in 
the district of Holderness, about five miles north of Spurn Point. 
Here the regiment remained until winter set in, when it was moved, 
by way of York, to Edinburgh, and was quartered in that city until 
June, 1799, when, being relieved by the North York Militia, it was sent 
to Glasgow, the place from whence the North York had come. 

* Record of the Durham Militia. 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 29 

In Odlober, 1798, the officers were direcfled to appear at mess 
in their coats and cocked hats, and, optionally, to wear pantaloons and 
half-boots, or breeches, silk stockings, and half gaiters. At church, 
during the winter months, they were to wear blue pantaloons, long 
coats and cocked hats ; and on parade they were to wear their morning 
dress, consisting of short jacket, pantaloons, half-boots, and round 
bearskin hat. 

In 1799, a voluntary subscription was commenced, towards the 
defence of the country, by which a million and a half of money was 
raised. The King subscribed ;f 20,000, and the Queen ;f500o; the 
proprietors of the Bank of England gave £200,000, and the subscribers 
to the Royal Exchange £46,534 ; Messrs. Yates and Peel, the eminent 
Lancashire cotton manufacturers, contributed £10,000 ; the Common 
Council of London gave £10,000 ; and the subscriptions in Notting- 
hamshire were on a proportionately munificent scale. An offensive and 
defensive alliance was entered into by England, Russia, and Turkey, 
and hostilities were adlively prosecuted. 

In a General Order, dated OcSlober the loth, 1799, for the regulation 
of militiamen volunteering into the Foot Guards, Royal Artillery, and 
other forces. His Royal Highness the Duke of York stated "that 
having witnessed the brilliant success which has already attended the 
efforts of His Majesty's arms in Holland, and for which the country is 
so much indebted to the distinguished gallantry and zeal of the first 
volunteers from the Militia," he urged upon the militiamen to follow 
the examples of their former comrades. Free commissions in the Line 
were offered for captain, lieutenant, and ensign, to officers serving with 
the same rank, in any regiment of Militia which should furnish to the 
Line a company of not less than eighty men. 

In the month of July, 1799, about 300 men volunteered from the 
Nottinghamshire Militia into various regiments of the Line, and towards 
the close of the year upwards of 100 men volunteered into the 35th 
Regiment of Foot ; and, at the same time, one captain and three lieu- 
tenants obtained commissions in that regiment. About sixty men also 
volunteered into other regiments of the Line. 

Some idea of the extent to which volunteering from the Militia 
to the Line was now carried on may be formed from the fadl that upon 
the ist of July, 1799, out of 80,626 militiamen, no less than 15,712 
volunteered, and served under Sir Ralph Abercrombie, in Holland, 
during the war ; and shortly afterwards 10,414, out of 63,879, joined 
regiments of the Line. From July the i8th, 1799, to November the 
15th, 24,958 militiamen volunteered for adlive service, the greater pro- 



30 Historical Record of the 

portion joining the 4th, 5th, gth, 15th, 17th, 20th, 31st, 35th, 40th, 
52nd and 62nd Regiments of Foot. 

A circular, dated May the 2nd, 1799, stated that **by desire of His 
Majesty, the officers and men were ordered to wear their hair queued, 
to be tied a little below the upper part of the collar, and to be ten inches 
in length, including one inch of hair to appear below the binding." 
The officers and men were stric5lly forbidden to cut their hair, so as to 
prevent their wearing it queued, as previously dire(5led. On the loth 
of the same month an order was issued that the non-commissioned 
officers, and privates, were to be provided with false queues of an 
approved pattern, so as to save them the expense of ** stuffed tails and 
ribbons ;" and, by an order dated Ocftober the 2nd, the men were 
diredled to put as much powder in their hair as would make it tie 
neatly, and appear clean in every respedl. By a circular from the 
Horse Guards, dated February the ist, 1800, the use of hair powder 
was ordered to be discontinued. In March, 1800, the officers were 
ordered to appear on morning parade in half-boots, and on afternoon 
parade in stockings and buckled shoes. 

In March, 1800, the Nottinghamshire Militia marched in three 
divisions from Glasgow to Dumfries ; and in August, 1801, left Dum- 
fries for Kelso. Shortly after the arrival of the regiment in that town, 
it was inspected by General Vise. 

In the year 1800, Ensign Sempronius Stretton* obtained an ensign's 
commission in the 6th (Royal First Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot. 
His subsequent services in the Peninsula and at Waterloo earned for 
him the reputation of being one of the most distinguished officers who 
has held a commission in the Nottinghamshire Regiment of Militia. 

The regiment received orders to return to England in March, 1802, 
and commenced its march southward in three divisions, which were 
respecftively halted and quartered at the towns of Doncaster, Retford, 
and Newark. The Doncaster detachment was shortly afterwards 
removed and divided, part being sent to Retford, and part to Southwell. 

In the month of April, 1802, the Peace of Amiens occasioned the 
disembodiment of the Militia of the United Kingdom. The outlying 
detachments of the Nottinghamshire Militia were ordered to join the 
head-quarters at Newark, and about the end of April the whole were 
disbanded, every non-commissioned officer, and private, receiving one 
month's pay as a gratuity. 

By the special desire of the Lord-Lieutenant, the permanent staff 

* Vide Appendix. 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 31 



remained in Newark, which has ever since continued to be the head- 
quarters of the regiment. The arms, clothing, and accoutrements were 
deposited in a portion of the Town Hall which was set apart for the 
regimental stores. 

About this time the number of the Militia was reduced to 30,586 
men ; and the exemption from the Militia ballot, which had hitherto 
been enjoyed by those serving in the various volunteer corps, was with- 
drawn. An Acfl was passed, however, to continue the volunteer force, 
and the Militia quota was fixed at 40,963 men for England and Wales, 
and 7950 for Scotland. 

A general Militia Adl was passed in 1802, by which men between 
the ages of eighteen and forty-five were to be raised by ballot, or to pay 
a fine of ;f 10 to be exempt for five years. The services of a balloted 
man was to be for five years, with the option of re-engaging, should the 
desire be expressed within four months of the expiration of the term of 
service. A volunteer, or substitute, received a bounty of one guinea, 
and had to serve for five years, or during such further time as the 
Militia might remain embodied. When embodied, the Militia received 
the same pay as the Line, and were also entitled to the benefits of 
Chelsea Hospital, if disabled on adlive service. 

The Nottinghamshire regiment did not long remain inadlive. On 
the rupture of the Peace of Amiens, in 1803, hostilities were prosecuted 
against the French with all the power the British Government could 
command, and the Militia was at once embodied. The Nottingham- 
shire was again distinguished by being one of the first regiments called 
out ; and, in the month of May, 1803, was sent down to Dover, the 
rifle companies being ordered to the Isle of Wight. 

Shortly before the embodiment, Lieutenant Richard Berks, who 
had been adjutant of the Nottinghamshire Militia since the formation 
of the regiment in 1775, resigned his commission, and was succeeded 
by Captain Simon Peter Boileau. Lieutenant Berks had previously 
served as a lieutenant in the Royal Marines, and was present at the 
siege and capture of Quebec, under General Wolfe. He died at 
Tuxford, in the county of Nottingham, in December, 1808, in the 76th 
year of his age. 

On August the 12th the regiment left Dover and was quartered at 
Margate, detachments being posted in various parts of the Isle of 
Thanet. About this time many men volunteered from the Notting- 
hamshire Militia into the Royal Navy. The strength of the regiment 
was afterwards very considerably augmented, and amounted to more 
than 1000 of all ranks. The principal detachment, with head-quarters, 



32 Historical Record of the 

after remaining for a few months at Margate, was removed to Rams- 
gate. In June, 1804, the Nottinghamshire Militia relieved the Derby- 
shire at Canterbury ; and, upon this occasion, the following General 
Order was issued : — 

" Brigadier-General Sir Samuel Auchmuty cannot permit the Not- 
tinghamshire Regiment of Militia to leave the Isle of Thanet without 
expressing his unqualified approbation of its condudl during the time 
he has had the honour to have it under his command. From the regu- 
larity of their behaviour in garrison, their cheerful and exadl obedience 
of orders, and the rapid progress they have made in discipline, he has 
no doubt of their gaining distinguished reputation, should their services 
be required in the field." 

About this time the uniform was again changed. The officers wore 
for their full dress a scarlet coat with black velvet facings and gold lace, 
white cloth waiscoat, white leather breeches, full boots, cocked hat with 
feather, black silk cravat tied behind, crimson silk sash, gorget and 
epaulet, and white leather sword-belt with breastplate. In evening 
dress the officers wore white kerseymere breeches, silk stockings, and 
shoes with gold buckles. A cloth cap was substituted for the round 
bearskin hat formerly worn by the officers in undress. 

The year 1804 is memorable as the one in which Napoleon Bona- 
parte gathered at Boulogne, what he termed, the " Army of England," 
and colledled the fleet of flat-bottomed boats which was to land it on 
these shores ; all France being filled with preparations for a war which 
was intended to overthrow for ever the power of Great Britain. 

At this trying time, the county of Nottingham substantially evinced 
its patriotism and loyalty by raising a force of over 4000 yeomanry 
cavalry and volunteer infantry. The total number of the cavalry was 
472, and of the infantry 3635. 

In November, 1804, the Nottinghamshire Militia marched from 
Canterbury to the Ridding-street barracks, near Tenterden, but was 
shortly afterwards moved from there into barracks in the neighbouring 
towns of Winchelsea and Rye. 

In May, 1805, the regiment was called upon to furnish its quota of 
volunteers for the Line. The number being stated on parade by the 
commanding officer, more men than were required at once stepped out 
from the ranks and volunteered for acflive service ; and this, be it 
remembered, was at a time when a fierce and bloody war was raging. 
Indeed, so little delay was there in the matter, that the whole of the 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 33 

non-commissioned officers and men who had volunteered were marched 
off that same day to the various regiments they had seledled. The 
manner in which this affair was condudled reflec5ls eternal credit on the 
Nottinghamshire Militia, and elicited the following gratifying com- 
pliment : — 

" Major-General Fraser, having finished the inspection of the 
volunteers who have so handsomely turned out from the Nottingham 
Regiment this day for the regular service, thinks it a duty incumbent 
upon him to express to Colonel Gould, the officers, non-commissioned 
officers, and private men of that well-regulated corps, his entire appro- 
bation of the soldier-like, impartial, creditable, and exemplary manner 
in which they have condudled themselves throughout this business, 
and to assure them that he feels much pleasure in being able to report 
thus favourably of the exertions they have made to the general officer 
commanding the districft." 

The regiment was still further complimented by the above being placed 
in General Orders, and read on parade to every Line and Militia regi- 
ment quartered in the distritfl. After this volunteering into the Line had 
taken place, the Nottinghamshire Militia was composed of ten com- 
panies of sixty-one men each, exclusive of officers, sergeants, corporals, 
and drummers. 

In May, 1805, the sergeants presented Colonel Gould with a hand- 
some sword and gold snuff-box, in token of their estimation of him as 
an officer and a gentleman. 

The two divisions of the Nottinghamshire Militia marched from Rye 
and Winchelsea, on June the 27th, to relieve the Monmouth and Brecon 
Militia at Steyning. 

On August the nth, the regiment was sent into camp near Brigh- 
ton; and on the following day had the honour of being reviewed, 
together with three other regiments of Militia, and three regiments of 
dragoons, by their Royal Highnesses the Prince of Wales, the Duke of 
York, the Duke of Sussex, the Duke of Clarence, and the Duke of 
Kent, who were attended by the Right Hon. Lord Moira and a brilliant 
staff of general officers. The review was highly successful, and con- 
cluded with a feU'de-joie from the whole line. A few days later the 
Nottinghamshire Militia marched back to their barracks at Steyning. 

In 1806, the pay of the regiments of the Line was increased, but no 
augmentation was made to that of the Militila. In this year more than 
11,000 men volunteered from the Militia to the Line ; and at the com- 
mencement of the Peninsular War, in 1808, 30,883 were drafted into 
the Line. 



34 Historical Record of the 

The Nottinghamshire Militia was moved from Steyning to Ports- 
mouth on May the 2gth, 1807 ; and, whilst at that place, the men were 
employed in construcfling and strengthening the fortifications, and 
other military works along the coast; for this the sergeants daily 
received eighteen-pence, and the privates one shilling, over and 
above their ordinary pay. 

During the months of August and September, the whole regiment 
was encamped on Southsea Common, returning into barracks on 
Ocflober the 30th. That same month 225 men (including one whole 
company, with its full compliment of officers, non-commissioned 
officers, and drummers) volunteered into the Line.* The 45th, 59th, 
and 76th were, about this time, favourite regiments with the men of 
the Nottinghamshire Militia. 

In 1807 the Militia amounted to 94,202 men ; and the total estimate 
for the Militia service was £"4,203,727 5s. 5d. 

A Local Militia was established in the year 1808, by which upwards 
of 214,000 men were obtained by ballot, from men between the ages of 
eighteen and thirty, who were enrolled for four years, no substitutes 
being allowed. The Local Militia of Nottinghamshire was divided into 
four regiments, under the following field-officers: ist, or Nottingham 
Regiment — Colonel, Ichabod Wright ; Lieut. -Colonel, John Chaworth ; 
and Majors, Mark Huish and John Smith Wright. 2nd, or Southwell 
Regiment — Lieut.-Colonel Commandant, William Sherbrooke ; Lieut. - 
Colonel, William Wylde ; and Majors, Robert Padley and William 
Gregory Williams. 3rd, or Retford Regiment — Lieut.-Colonel Com- 
mandant, Sir Thomas Wollaston White, Bart. ; Lieut.-Colonel, John 

* A brief recital of the services of one of the private soldiers who volunteered at 
this time into the 45th Regiment, will show how manfully these Nottinghamshire 
Militiamen could fight, and how nobly they maintained the reputation of their county. 
Private William Crowder joined the Nottinghamshire Militia in 1801, and served with 
the regiment until August, 1807, when he volunteered into the "gallant 45th." He 
landed in Portugal, with a detachment of that regiment, in 1808, and diredlly took part 
in the war then raging against the forces of the first Napoleon. He formed one of the 
" forlorn hope '* at the storming of Fort Picariene, at Badajoz ; the attacking forces 
consisting of the grenadier and light infantry companies of the 45th, the 14th, and the 
88th Regiments, three companies of the 60th Rifles, and one company each of the gth 
and 2ist Portuguese regiments. On that occasion Crowder escaped being wounded by 
the enemy, but fell from one of the scaling-ladders, the effedls of which he felt ever 
after throughout his life. He was discharged in November, 1814, but for many years 
afterwards he had no pension. He was awarded a medal with thirteen clasps for the 
following battles : Rolica, Vimiera, Talavera (in which adion he was wounded in the 
left hand), Busaca, Fuentes d'Onor, Cuidad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, 
Pyrenees, Moelle, Orthes, and Toulouse. He was also present at the battle of Nives, 
and the affairs of Campo Mio and Tarboz. Private Crowder died at Mansfield, 
January the ist, 1871, in the 85th year of his age. 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 35 

Kirke ; and Major, John Shergold. 4th, or Newark Regiment^Lieut.- 
Colonel Commandant, Thomas Thoroton; Lieut.-Colonel, Thomas 
Bradshaw; and Major, James Tomlinson Terrewest. In 1809 the 
various volunteer corps in Nottinghamshire were disbanded, and most 
of the men transferred their services to the Local Militia. The services 
of the Local Militia were at first exclusively confined to the counties in 
which the regiments were raised ; but, by an Adl passed in 1813, they 
became liable to serve out of their own counties till 18 15. On May the 
2ist, 1816, the ballot was suspended annually, and the Local Militia was 
allowed to die out. The four Nottinghamshire regiments of Local 
Militia wore a somewhat similar uniform to that of the regular Militia 
regiment of the county, and received the same pay. 

On February the 24th, 1808, the regular Nottinghamshire Militia 
marched from Portsmouth to Lewes ; and, on June the 25th, from 
Lewes to Bletchington barracks, near Brighton. 

Whilst at Bletchington, the whole regiment volunteered for service 
in Spain, under Lord Wellington. The special thanks of the Govern- 
ment were conveyed to the regiment for the patriotism and loyalty 
which this offer of foreign service evinced ; and, whilst graciously 
declining the offer, as a whole, intimated that permission would be 
granted to any number of men who might wi^h to transfer their services 
into regiments of the Line, then serving in the Peninsula. Accordingly, 
a great number of men availed themselves of this permission, and 
volunteered into the 33rd, 45th, and 5gth Regiments of Foot. 

On June the 2nd, the second battalion of the 45th Regiment of 
Foot was inspecfled in Nottingham Park, by Lieut.-General Pigot. 
The battalion was then under the command of Major Browne, and 
consisted of about 600 men, the greater part of whom had at various 
times volunteered from the Nottinghamshire Militia. 

On September the 19th, the Nottinghamshire Militia returned to 
Lewes, remaining there until February the ist, 1809, when it was 
removed, and quartered in three detachments at Rye, Winchelsea, and 
Playdon. On July the 7th the whole regiment was again sent to Lewes, 
but in less than a month was ordered to Bletchington barracks, near 
Brighton, where the 3rd Dragoon Guards and the 8ist Regiment 
of Foot were then quartered. 

About this time Lieut.-Colonel Charlton resigned, and Major Henry 
Coape was promoted to the lieut. -colonelcy. Captain Wheatley was 
afterwards made major. 

On 0(5lober the 25th, King George IIL entered upon the fiftieth 
year of his reign, and a public jubilee was celebrated throughout the 

D 2 



tty^A y^rvr.cjit in mxinitestiitujiia jf luyaitr". ind ihe Descicfngs upon 
r;iiii v:cajunn vere -vorth^ ir' rie ^aos. Tie jiHcsrs ^ve a baziqcet 
a.^ the neiifiocunnii^ Jeatry. ind ni ihe jJSc:?r?^ jf riie 3rd Dra^!Qoa 
6ufiK^ and :it the irjt S-iipmear. Taev iiac ennfrtamed the notL- 
tf/immiiiaicned >cicar3 and arivotsa. jcgstiier witi rner wives 2nd 
diiUlr.*n, with a aiiharanral dinner, md arsseated everv servant in the 
re^'ment ':v:ch a bctde 3t wine. A balL and i brillLint iisplaj o£ fire- 
w'irks, terminated the day a festivities : and it is recorded that on the 
following morning no less than twenty emptj heer casks were rolled 
cut of the barrack yard! 

On >rovetnbcr the i6du the regiment was moved to Flaydocu and on 
December the rjth was ;?^,:n moved to Basingstoke and Andover; 
and on December the a5th marched into Salishurv. in wfiich. cftv the 
N'ottinsfhamahire Militia remained between tear ^knd. nve months. 

In March, rSro^ Major Wheatley resigned* and Captain John 
Gilbert-Cooper waa s^pointed junior major. 

On May the 30th, the Nottinghamshire Militia marched firom 
Salisbury to Plymouth, to be quartered in the Frankfort barracks in 
that town. On the march, the senior major of the regiment. Major 
Richard Claye, caught a severe cold, which necessitated his remaining 
at Wellington, in Somersetshire, when the regiment marched through 
that place. Inflammation of the longs set in, and, after six days* illness. 
Major Claye dltd on May the 22nd, in the 46th year of his age. A 
month later C2Lpt2LiTi Henry Stenton was promoted to the vacant 
majority. 

At the time when the Nottinghamshire Militia arrived in Plymouth, 
Lieut,- General England was in command of the garrison, and the 
troops quartered there were detachments of the Rojral Artillery, 
Marines, and several regiments of Militia. More than 10,000 French 
prisoners of war were then confined in Pl}Tnouth, the greater part 
being in a large wooden barrack, surrounded with high brick walls, 
known as the Mill Bay prison, the remainder being in large prison- 
ships lying in the Hamaoze. 

At the latter end of September, the Nottinghamshire and Devon- 
shire regiments of Militia were inspecfled together by General Thomas 
and Lieut. -General England. Shortly after the inspecflion, the Not- 
tinghamshire regiment received orders to leave the Frankfort barracks, 
and replace the Shropshire Militia at the prison on Dartmoor Forest, 
whore about 6000 prisoners of war were confined. The regiment 
arrived at the prison on Odlober the 20th, and upon the same day the 




Royal Sherwood Foresters. 37 

Shropshire Militia marched from there to Plymouth. The prisoners 
imagined that the Nottinghamshire regiment, being unused to the 
place, could not at first maintain the guards with as much stricflness 
and vigilance as usual, and accordingly planned an attempt to escape 
on the following night. A violent storm of wind and rain aided their 
project, which was so well organised that it was not until some few 
prisoners had contrived to get outside the prison walls that the attempt 
was discovered. Immediately on the alarm being given, the whole 
regiment got under arms with so little delay, that, notwithstanding the 
inclemency of the weather, many of the men were in their places in the 
ranks with no more clothing on than their shirts and breeches. Major 
Gilbert-Cooper was in command, and his prompt and decisive orders 
were attended with such success that every prisoner was recaptured, 
and without bloodshed. 

On November the 20th, the regiment, being relieved, marched back 
to the Frankfort barracks, in Plymouth. 

In the year 1810, Robert Millhouse — one of the most brilliant and 
truly unfortunate of England's minor bards — enlisted as a private 
soldier in the Nottinghamshire Militia. He was born in Nottingham, 
October the 14th, 1788, of the poorest of parents ; and, from extreme 
poverty, was compelled to work for his living before he had completed 
his seventh year. His poetical writings having attracfled the attention 
of his commanding officer. Colonel Gilbert-Cooper-Gardiner, he ob- 
tained the patronage and substantial support of that gentleman, who, 
in 18 17, promoted him to the rank of corporal, and placed him upon 
the permanent staff of the regiment. ** Sherwood Forest," the "Song 
of the Patriot," and the ** Destinies of Man," are considered to be 
Millhouse's best works, and they occupy no mean position in English 
literature. But, as is too often the case, his genius was not appreciated 
until too late; and Robert Millhouse, after a life of privation and 
suffering, died in the utmost want, April the 13th, 1835. 

On the morning of July the 8th, 181 1, the Nottinghamshire Militia 
being on parade, Colonel Gould desired the adjutant to read to the men 
the Ac5l of Parliament permitting the services of the British Militia to 
extend to Ireland, and he then informed them that it was the unanimous 
wish of the officers that the regiment should volunteer for service 
in Ireland — an announcement which was greeted with loud and pro- 
longed cheers. In order that the volunteering should be conducfled 
with the most perfec5l fairness, the regiment was formed into line, 
the King's colour being placed in front of the right wing, and the 
regimental, or county colour (as it was then not unfrequently styled), in 



38 Historical Record of the 

front of the left. The colonel then dire(5led those who were willing to 
serve His Majesty in Ireland to place themselves in. rear of the King's 
colour, and those who objecfted to do so to place themselves in rear of 
the county colour. The band moved first, marching in a body up 
to the King's colour, halting there, and striking up " God save the 
King ;" the whole regiment followed, almost to a man, for, out of 900 
men, there were only fourteen who declined to leave the country. In 
smaller regiments than the Nottinghamshire as many as 200 men were 
found who objecfled to serve out of England. 

The various Militia regiments which volunteered for Ireland were 
constituted into three divisions, each division to serve in that country 
for two > ears, and then be relieved by another. And, it being deter- 
mined that all three divisions should be sent out in turn, those regi- 
ments belonging to the second and third divisions were kept embodied 
for several years after peace had been proclaimed. The Nottingham- 
shire was placed in the first division ; and, in less than a week after 
volunteering, received orders to prepare for embarkation, together with 
the Cornwall,Westmoreland, Radnor, Leicestershire, Anglesea, North- 
umberland, West Middlesex, Cornwall Miners, Montgomery, Carnarvon, 
Marioneth, Cardigan, and 2nd Surrey regiments of Militia. Each man 
who volunteered for service in Ireland received a^ bounty of two 
guineas. 

On August the 26th, the Nottinghamshire Militia embarked at Ply- 
mouth for Dublin, on board the " Margaret," ** Nestor," " Wadstray," 
and ** Fame," transports, under the convoy of His Majesty's ship 
*'Helena," commanded by Captain Montresor. The Plymouth Chronicle 
thus mentions the event : "The Nottinghamshire Militia embarked yes- 
terday for Dublin, leaving only twelve privates behind. It must be a 
matter of great pride to Colonel Gould, who embarked with his regi- 
ment, that there was not a single man drunk or absent. The conducfl 
of the regiment, whilst quartered here, has very much endeared them 
to the inhabitants, and refledls the very greatest credit on the officers, 
to whom a garrison dinner was given, yesterday, at the Pope's Head 



mn. 



The regiment, having landed at Dublin, was quartered in the 
Palantine-square barracks. The most noble Charles Lennox, fourth 
Duke of Richmond, was then Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, and Sir John 
Hope was commander of the forces. 

The Nottinghamshire Militia had the gratification of being con- 
sidered the pattern regiment of the whole division, and, consequently, 
was never removed from the capital, whilst the first division was on 




Royal Sherwood Foresters. 39 

Irish service. Whilst at Dublin, many men volunteered into regiments 
of the Line, and embarked direc5l for Spain in their Militia uniform. 

In July, 1812, Colonel Gould being on leave of absence in England, 
the regiment was commanded by Lieut.-Colonel Coape, who received 
the following complimentary report, after the half-yearly inspedlion : — 

** Dublin, 

''July 2^th, 1812. 
** Sir, 

" I am dire(5led by Major-General Raymond to transmit to you 
an extra(5l from the Deputy Assistant- Adjutant-General's letter, con- 
veying Sir John Hope's sentiments and pleasure on the half-yearly 
inspe(5lion report made of the Nottinghamshire Regiment : — 

** * Nottinghamshire Militia. — This regiment appears in every par- 
ticular to meet with and merit the Major-General's approbation.* 

"And I am instruc5led to acquaint you that its appearance and 
condudl give satisfacflion to the commander of the forces. 
" I have the honour to be, Sir, 

" Your obedient,, humble servant, 

"J. Haysted, Major of Brigade. 
" Lieut.-Colonel Coape, 

** Nottinghamshire Militia.*' 

It is worthy of mention that, during the latter part of the time that 
the Nottinghamshire Militia was in Ireland, there were only four 
officers in the regiment who were members of Nottinghamshire families. 
The four were — Colonel Edward Thoroton Gould, Lieut.-Colonel Henry 
Coape, Major John Gilbert-Cooper, and Captain Roger Pocklington. 

In Odlober, 1812, Captain Simon Peter Boileau resigned his com- 
mission as adjutant to the Nottinghamshire Militia, and was succeeded 
by Lieutenant Jacob Earth, who, at the same time, obtained the brevet 
rank of captain. 

This year Ensign Severus William Lynham Stretton* obtained a 
commission in the 68th (Durham) Regiment of light infantry, and 
served with distinc5lion through the Peninsular war. 

Towards the end of the summer of 181 2 the regiment returned to 
England, landing at Bristol on August the ist, and marching from 
there to Chatham, and afterwards to Colchester. 

In November, the commanding officer received the following 



* Vide Appendix. 



40 Historical Record of the 

circular, which is worthy of transcription into this record, as explana- 
tory of the terms of enlistment : — 

" Horse Guards, 

^^ November i2th^ 1812. 

'* Sir, 

" Certain men of the Militia, serving as substitutes, having been 
led erroneously to suppose that they will be entitled to take their 
discharge after ten year's service, the Commander-in-Chief, desirous 
of affording every information that can tend to remove this error, 
has been pleased to signify his commands that you immediately 
explain to the Nottinghamshire Regiment of Militia that, on reference 
to the 41st clause of the Militia Adls of the 42nd of King George III., 
cap. 90 (which contains the terms of their enrolment), it appears that 
the oath taken by every ballotted man is, to serve for five years, unless 
sooner discharged ; and the oath taken by every substitute is, to serve 
for five years, or for such further time (if the Militia shall be drawn out 
within the five years) as the Militia shall remain embodied ; it follows, 
of course, that the men serving as substitutes have no claim at present 
to their discharge. 

His Royal Highness entertains no doubt that the men, from this 
statement, will be aware of the nature of their engagements ; and 
I am to desire you will use your endeavours to afford them every 
satisfac5lion on this head, and explain to them that the Adl of Parlia- 
ment now referred to is the only one which relates immediately to their 
case. 

** I have the honour to be. Sir, 

** Your very obedient, humble servant, 

** Harry Calvert, Adjutant- General. 
** The Officer commanding Nottinghamshire Militia." 

In the month of March, 18 13, the volunteering of men from the 
Nottinghamshire Militia into regiments of the Line recommenced ; 
and, from a circular dated at Whitehall, March the 20th, 1813, it 
appears that the men were permitted to enter the Foot Guards, and 
any regiment of the Line except the Goth ; but no men were allowed 
to enter the 43rd, 51st, 52nd, 68th, 71st, or 85th Regiments of Light 
Infantry, or the g5th Rifle Regiment, unless he was specially fit for 
service, and not less than 5 feet 5 inches, or more than 5 feet 10 inches 
in height ; and no man was permitted to join the Foot Guards who was 
not 5 feet 7 J^ inches in height, or upwards. All the men who volun- 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 41 

teered before June the ist, received a bounty of ten guineas for limited 
service, and fourteen guineas for unlimited service. After that date, 
smaller bounties were given. For every fifty men who volunteered from the 
Militia, a free commission in the Line was offered to a Militia ofHcerJ , 

In August, the permanent staff of the Local Militia received orders 
to raise recruits for the regular Militia of their respecflive counties. A 
bounty often guineas was offered ; three to be paid on attestation, two 
on joining the recruiting party, and five on joining the head-quarters of 
the regiment. No man was to be taken who was over thirty-two years 
of age, or under 5 feet 4 inches in height. 

In September, the Nottinghamshire Militia obtained permission to 
have five sergeants, five corporals, and five drummers, in addition to 
those allowed on the establishment of the regiment. 

At the beginning of 0(5lober the regiment was moved from Col- 
chester to Brentwood, proceeding by the following route : — 0(5lober the 
2nd, from Colchester to Witham, Kilvedon, and Coggeshall ; 3rd, being 
Sunday, halt ; 4th, to Chelmsford ; 5th, to Brentwood. At Brentwood 
orders awaited the Nottinghamshire Militia to proceed on the following 
day to the Tower of London. 

From the Tower, detachments were sent to various places. On 
0(5lober the 7th, a detachment, consisting of one captain, two subal- 
terns, and sixty rank and file, was ordered to Kew barracks, to relieve 
a detachnjent of the Oxfordshire Militia. Another detachment was 
afterwards sent to relieve a detachment of the Royal Flint Militia at 
Epsom, and another to relieve a detachment of the 55th Foot at Guild- 
ford. These detachments, together with the number of men who had 
recently volunteered into the Line, caused the regiment to be so short 
of duty men, that arms and accoutrements were served out to the 
bandsmen and drummers, who were placed on the Spur Guard, at the 
Tower gates, in their white uniforms. 

The following memorable order, relative to the Nottinghamshire 
Militia, was received by the Constable of the Tower, on November 
the 2*1 St: — 

** It is His Majesty's will and pleasure that you cause the duties 
now performed by the Foot Guards to be taken to-morrow morning by 
a detachment of the Nottinghamshire Regiment, agreeably to a detail 
furnished by the officer commanding the brigade of Guards. Wherein the 
civil magistrates, and all others concerned, are to be assisting in pro- 
viding quarters, impressing carriages, and otherwise as there shall be 
occasion. 



Historical Record of the 



** Given at the War Office, this 21st day of November, 1813, by the 
command of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, in the name, and 
on behalf of His Majesty. 

(** Signed), in the absence of the Secretary at War, 

"William Merry. 
•• To the Constable of the Tower of London, or his deputy." 

It was an almost unprecedented circumstance, since the formation 
of the Household troops, for a Militia or marching regiment to mount 
^uard over the Royal Family ; and the sele<flion of the Nottingham- 
shire Militia for that duty remedied the highest lustre, not only on the 
regiment itself, but also upon the county in which it was raised. 

The Royal guard was composed of the grenadier company and the 
light infantry company, and was commanded by Captain Boulton. It 
remained on duty for two days and two nights, at St. James's Palace — 
the then residence of His Majesty King George III. — ^the Treasury, 
the Bank of England, and other places, returning to the Tower of 
London on the morning of November the 24th. 

Nor was this high honour the only reward that was conferred upon 
the Nottinghamshire Militia. The regiment, having done Royal duty, 
was almost immediately afterwards raised to the rank of a Royal regi- 
ment, and the facings of the uniform were accordingly changed from 
black to royal blue. These most distinguished marks of approval of the 
long service and the good conducfl of the regiment were the more 
gratifying from the fac5l that they were wholly unexpecfled, and that 
they were obtained by merit alone. The following letter intimated to 
Colonel Gould that the title of " Royal Sherwood Foresters ** had been 
conferred upon his regiment : — 

** Horse Guards, 

*^ December iSth^ 1813. 
** Sir, 

" I have the honour to acquaint you that His Royal Highness 
the Prince Regent has been pleased, in the name^and on behalf of His 
Majesty, to approve of the Nottinghamshire Militia, under your com- 
mand, being in future styled the * Royal Sherwood Foresters,' or, 
* Nottinghamshire Regiment of Militia.' 
** I have the honour to be, Sir, 

** Your very obedient, humble servant, 

** H. Calvert, Adjutant- General. 
*' To Colonel Gould." 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 43 

It has been stated that the suggestion that the Nottinghamshire 
Militia should be styled the ** Royal Sherwood Foresters," ac5lually 
eminated from no less exalted a personage than His Royal Highness 
the Prince Regent himself; but, whether this be the case, or not, it is 
equally certain that no distincflive title could have been chosen which 
would have given more pride and gratification to Nottinghamshire 
men, than to be thus identified with the renowned traditions of ** merrie 
Sherwood."* 

The official notification of the new regimental title was conveyed to 
the regiment in the Tower yard, on the morning of December the i8th, 
with some little ceremony. The regiment paraded in full marching 
order, and, after a few preliminary manoeuvres, was formed into square ; 
bayonets being fixed, and muskets shouldered, the men were faced 
inward, and a General Order was read, stating that the regiment 
" having fairly earned the distinction," His Royal Highness the Prince 
Regent had been pleased to command, on behalf of His Most Gracious 
Majesty the King, that the title of " Royal Sherwood Foresters" should 
in future be borne by the Nottinghamshire Regiment of Militia. The 
band then played the National Anthem, during which the men presented 
arms, the colours were lowered, and the officers stood bare-headed. 
After the parade, the captain of each company celebrated the event by re- 
galing his men with a substantial dinner of roast beef and plum pudding. 

About this time the regimental badge, now borne by the Royal 
Sherwood Foresters, was adopted. The badge consists of a shield 
gules, charged with two staves, couped and raguled vert, one in pale, 
surmounted by the other in fesse, between two ducal coronets in chief, 
or, the lower part of the staff in pale, enfiled with another ducal coronet 
of the last — ^being the armorial insignia of the town and county of 
Nottingham. The shield is surrounded by a garter of royal blue, edged 



• A somewhat similar title had previously been borne by a Nottinghamshire regi- 
ment. In 1745, the Duke of Kingston, with the assistance of the noblemen and 
gentlemen of the county, undertook to raise a regiment of light cavalry for the service 
of the Crown. This regiment, though more commonly known as *' Kingston's Light 
Horse,*' acquired the distinctive title of the " Royal Foresters," and fought bravely for 
King George II. against the adherents of the house of Stuart. At the battle of Culloden, 
the regiment especially distinguished itself ; and, in that engagement, three Notting- 
hamshire butchers, who had enlisted as private troopers in the " Royal Foresters," are 
recorded to have slain fourteen of the enemy with their own swords. The tattered 
banners and broken kettle-drums of this regiment were for many years preserved over 
the entrance of the grand jury room, in the Shire Hall, at Nottingham, but, to the 
disgrace of the county of Nottingham, these honourable memorials of the military 
prowess of Nottinghamshire men have been removed from the position vhich they 
so long occupied, and have been either destroyed or lost. 



<» - 1 






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;#♦' 'r; • • 



Vv«'<>*'4a **ti» *rA 'A Xzrl^ z^zj^ rie jLi^-oL Shfinrr^cd Foresters 
4*fyfxn '*;ftn^. \r\iUtr the Lmniediate lutms if ijyaltT. 'jeirr^ apeciallj 
tf/.^^ */v "yv/v *.'> fr^r.-n i ^istri it iunLiur m KIn^ Lcnis XVIIL ot 
yr^^^^. r\p;?\ H;4 Ka:<«ty ynliarVad fnni rriir pert jn die occasxoQ 
/•/ r^»<4 r-t^/vr^i'vn v> the thrsne if iiia ancsscjrx. Tze Prince Regent 
y^r-r-Zf^ystsi^A *r»e JC;r.:^ V> Dder: 3:z.d^ en. riie mor-rfTT.^ cf embarkation, 
i-rtA r'^^lTTj^^rif w^;^ 'ira-wn. tip in line zpoc tie pier, the coiocrs being 
/^^/^y^'T'^^^A vp>h white r;i>bor.ii, :n hcno^ir cf tiie hcujse cf Bocrbon^ and 
trt^ ^/n^Af^ w^arir,:^ c^-vclcadea Gt the sane marerijL KLs Rojal High- 
n^^i"* f »v* Ffince Re^^*t and Hia Mijestv King Lociis were received 
v/'jfh A f^'z/aJ i^alute, and drove down the front of the line in an open 
f9tff']^%fty att«n<Jc<l by a large and brilliant staa of English and French 
''/fF»<L<5jf » (f^ distin<5tion. Before embarking, the French oficers expressed 
to CoU/ne] Gould their unqualified admiration of the appearance of his 
mfif). On the folk/wing day the regiment marched back to Deal, and 
fioc/n afterwards received orders to relieve the First West York Militia, 
at Norman-Cross barracks, near Yaxley, in Huntingdonshire, where 
about (jocK) French prisoners of war were confined. 

The first division of the Sherwood Foresters proceeded from Deal 
by the foll(;wing route : May the 9th, from Deal to Canterbury ; loth, 
to Sittingbourne and Melton; nth, to Gravesend, Northfleet, and 
Cbalk-fttreet ; 12th, to Brentwood and Brook-street ; 13th, to Stortford ; 
14th, to SafTron-Walden and Littleborough ; 15th, being Sunday, halt; 
iGthf to Cftmbridge; 17th, to Huntingdon and Goodmanchester ; i8th, 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 45 

to Norman Cross barracks. The second division marched out of Deal 
on the loth, and halted for the Sunday at Stortford. 

The war being at length concluded by the ever memorable battle of 
Waterloo — the most glorious vicflory ever won by British arms, and 
the most decisive and happy in its consequences — the further services 
of the Militia were rendered unnecessary, and preparations for the dis- 
embodiment of the various regiments were commenced. A letter, of 
which the following is a copy, was addressed to the commanding 
officers of Militia : — 

" Horse Guards, 

" ^une 24/A, 1814. 
** The re-establishment of peace having enabled His Royal High- 
ness the Prince Regent, in the name and on behalf of His Majesty, to 
diredl the disembodying of the Militia forces, the Commander-in-Chief, 
previous to their return to their respedlive countries and counties, 
desires thus publicly to offer to them his best acknowledgments for the 
zeal and perseverance with which they have, during a long and eventful 
war, shared with the regular army in every military duty which has 
fallen within their province. From the gallant and patriotic spirit dis- 
played by the Militia were derived, at the most critical periods of the 
war, the means of reinforcing the disposable force of the country, a 
measure which most essentially contributed to its military renown, by 
placing the British army foremost in those confederate bands which 
resisted the unbounded ambition and overwhelming power of the late 
Ruler of France ; and, by their bravery and discipline, under the direc- 
tion of Divine Providence, rescued the country from tyranny and 
oppression, and restored to Europe the blessings of peace. The Com- 
mander-in-Chief feels personally indebted to the Militia forces for the 
ready and cheerful obedience with which they have at all times received 
his commands, and requests that, with these heartfelt expressions 
of approbation, they will collec5lively and individually accept his 
warmest wishes for their welfare and happiness. 

" (Signed) 

** Frederick, Commander-in-Chief." 

About the same date, the Lord- Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire 
received the following instrucftions relative to the number of officers, 
non-commissioned officers, and men to be maintained on the strength 
of the Royal Sherwood Foresters after the disembodiment of the 
regiment : — 



{ 



46 Historical Record of the 

** Whitehall, 

** yum 2^rd, 1814. 
** My Lord, 

" I have the honour to annex for your information a plan, which 
has been approved by the Prince Regent, for the disembodied establish- 
ment of the Nottinghamshire Militia ; and I am at the same time to 
apprise you that the whole of the officers, non-commissioned officers, 
and drummers exceeding the numbers therein specified, must be reduced 
from the day on which the disembodiment of the corps shall take place, 
His Royal Highness's power of retaining any such having ceased on the 
signature of the definite Treaty of Peace. 

'* I have the honour to be, my Lord, 

** Your obedient, humble servant, 

" SiDMOUTH." 

The following was the number of all ranks allowed to be retained : 
one colonel, one lieut.-colonel, one major, eight captains, ten lieu- 
tenants, six ensigns, one adjutant, one surgeon, one quartermaster, one 
paymaster, one sergeant-major, eighteen sergeants, nineteen corporals, 
one drum-major, ten drummers, and 564 privates. Total of all ranks, 644. 

The regiment, having received orders for immediate disembodiment, 
marched out of Norman Cross barracks, en route for Newark, on July 
the 25th. Whilst the regiment was quartered at Norman Cross, the 
whole of the French prisoners confined there were liberated; and the 
huge block of buildings, which had been specially erec5led for the 
reception of prisoners-of-war, was entirely demolished almost imme- 
diately after the place was vacated by the troops. 

On Friday and Saturday, August the 5th and 6th, the Royal Sher- 
wood Foresters were disembodied at Newark, after about eleven years and 
a half of acflive service, and after attaining to a pitch of efficiency and 
smartness which was universally acknowledged to be equalled by but 
few, and surpassed by no regiment in His Majesty's service. Shortly 
before the disembodiment, the special thanks of the Government were 
conveyed to the officers and men of the regiment " for their excellent 
condudl on every occasion." 

Previous to the disembodiment, new colours, beautifully embroidered 
by the ladies of the noble family of Clinton, were presented to the regi- 
ment; but it is somewhat remarkable that no record of the date or 
circumstances of the presentation has been preserved. Although now 
sadly tattered and faded, these colours are still carried by the regiment. 
The fate of the original colours seems to be unknown. 

It would be impossible to overrate the service rendered to the 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 47 

country by the Militia, during the long period of war ; and, it is not 
saying too much, to affirm that had it not been for the Militia, England 
could not now boast of the glorious vidlories of Vimiera, Corunna, 
Talavera, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, Albuera, Rodrigo, Badajoz, Sala- 
manca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, St. Sebastian, Toulouse, or Waterloo. A 
recent writer has remarked that " the alacrity displayed by the Militia 
soldiers, in volunteering, appeared, at the time it took place, as some- 
thing almost miraculous, and its long continuance quite as wonderful ; 
and the officers, with a sacrifice of selfish feeling in having their ranks 
swept away, with good sense and patriotism gave every assistance to 
the measures of the Government.** Many whole regiments, like the 
Royal Sherwood Foresters, volunteered for acflive service against the 
enemy, and some few regiments adlually did serve in the provisonal 
battalions in the Peninsula. 

From the year 1814 the disembodied regiments of Militia were only 
assembled for training at irregular intervals during a period of eight- 
and-thirty years. 

Towards the latter end of the year 1816, the Luddite outrages, which 
had for some time disturbed and alarmed the midland counties, reached 
to such a pitch of violence and audacity, that fears were entertained 
lest an attempt should be made to attack the stores in the Town Hall, 
at Newark, and carry off some of the arms and accoutrements belong- 
ing to the Royal Sherwood Foresters. The adjutant, Captain Earth, 
accordingly issued orders on November the 13th, that the whole of the 
permanent staff should parade at four o'clock each evening, in the 
market-place, fully armed and accoutred, and that at five o'clock a 
guard, consisting of four non-commissioned officers and one drummer 
should be mounted at the stores, in the Town Hall. Immediately after 
the guard had been posted, the gates of the Town Hall were to be 
closed, and on no pretence were they to be opened until the guard 
dismounted at eight o'clock on the following morning. During the night 
a sentry was posted beneath the Town Hall,with his musket loaded with 
ball. On the occurrence of any suspicious circumstance, the drummer 
on guard was ordered to beat an alarm, and the whole of the staff were 
at once to get under arms and repair to the stores. A large quantity 
of ball cartridge was served out to the staff, and the precautions were 
for some time most vigilantly maintained. 

In i8ig. Colonel Edward Thoroton Gould resigned his commission. 
He was the eldest son of Edward Gould, Esq., of Mansfield Wood- 
house, in the county of Nottingham, by Mary, his wife, daughter of 
Robert Thoroton, Esq., of Screveton, in the same county. At an early 



Xr< ^z ^n-:'*'*:'!*. sj^:.irL :r zu 



^>>^i^ <>vj;^i ■» i.t • vvc* 3ia:rnt*rL. H.* irK: -wds -p:ii Tie S-afj Bae rM i r a 
V^>^:^^TU. '^-^ -tdti^^^r^ i:iif ieurti» ic tie 5La:ic fiiir- K-ectt Yel- 

fc^>'^ 0?^ry -^ Hit^x :: dfcrrif rr ier be ratf nri fiiiiijirir^ soi cuac Mm, 

ijy^: ^^tyAA^ji^i t-v ^^ iaricj -:.? Grtj fe ?lir"rjr, izni issdzsc lie inaamc 

|>ws»*pr^ i^ ^^^-w t.^ tbt rf::::!: &r»i t2r::i:j: Batr^cju Cisbof:!! GoKald died 
;>d <*^ M.^/'^l hx^^'^'^ ^ Pirii- Ftiri^irT i±e ijizi, 1S50, aisd his 

^tlf^ hfnA tf:iac^g oitht reginiiTEt aLSter tiss diseaib^d ::ne!3iL was in 
flJ/« >'<Af ihlOf iffh.^;n tht Km'^ Shtzwood Fccestcrs assembled at 
tit^y^fi^fkf <m Maiy the 29th, f-w twsrctT-eigbt dajs' ciercise, ccder the 
i^/tnfr^i*fui fA CoU/r^] Httnty Coapt, who had siicceeded to the command 
of Um? f^p^irm^ni in ihirf^ on the resignation of Colonel Gould. After 
it^ f^/n*>Aii%Um o( the training the folkm-ing omcial letter was addressed 
fUy CoUm4^\ C<^p«^f and it ^hows that even after six years of inactivity 
iit/ii i^iriCi di^ipline of the Sherwood Foresters was in no way relaxed, 
t^or i\mr military reputation impaired : — 

" Newark, 

" yum 2^h, 1820. 
Sir, — ** The mayor and justices of this borough have dire<5led me 
to t^x^rtim to you, and to request that you will be pleased to make 
known to the regiment of Royal Sherwood Foresters, under your com- 
manAf the high 8cn»e they entertain of the orderly and soldier-like 
conduct of that regiment during the period of their being on duty here, 
whitih i« no IeH« attributable to the admirable discipline preserved by 
the commanding oflicer, than to the good disposition evinced by the 
refjnnent ai hirge. 

** I have the honour to be, Sir, 

** Your most obedient, humble servant, 

** William Edward Tallents, Town Clerk. 
*♦ Colonel Coape, *' Royal Sherwood Foresters." 




Royal Sherwood Foresters. 49 



In 182 1, the regiment assembled at Newark, under the command of 
Colonel Coape, on J une the 8th, for twenty-one days' training and exercise. 

During the three following years no Militia regiments were called 
out for training, but on June the 7th, 1825, the Royal Sherwood 
Foresters were again assembled at Newark. A few months previous 
to the training, Lieut.-Colonel John Gilbert-Cooper-Gardiner was pro- 
moted to the command of the regiment, on the resignation of Colonel 
Coape. Colonel Henry Coape joined the regiment as a captain in 179 1, 
and was shortly afterwards promoted to the rank of major. In 1808 
he became lieut.-colonel, on the resignation of Lieut.-Colonel Charlton ; 
and in April, 1819, he succeeded to the command of the regiment. He 
was the second son of William Coape, Esq., of Arnold, in the county 
of Nottingham, by Sarah, his wife, daughter and co-heiress of Henry 
Sherbrooke, Esq., of Oxton, in the same county, and was brother 
of General Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, G.C.B. — one of the most dis- 
tinguished military men to whom Nottinghamshire can lay claim. 
Major Roger Pocklington was promoted to the rank of lieut.-colonel, 
and Captain Samuel Barker to that of major. The officers present dur- 
ing the training were — Colonel, John Gilbert-Cooper-Gardiner ; Major, 
Samuel Barker; Captain, William Bennet Martin; Lieutenants, John 
Martin, William Stubbs, John Francis Elrington, Nicholas Evans, 
Joseph Bodill, Edward Wakefield, and — . Patterson; Ensigns, John 
Maughan (surgeon's mate), George Kirkby, and William Price; Adju- 
tant, Jacob Barth ; Paymaster, Stephen Else ; Quartermaster, James 
Collins ; and Surgeon, James Anders. Lieut.-Colonel Roger Pock- 
lington, Captain Thomas Matthews, and Lieutenant John Edward 
Mapother, were absent with leave ; Xaptain John Overend and Lieu- 
tenant Salmon were absent without leave (the latter having obtained a 
commission in the Royal Marines), and Ensign Morley was absent with 
sick leave. The training extended over a period of twenty-eight days, 
and the number of all ranks trained (exclusive of officers) was 488, 
consisting of one sergeant-major, eighteen sergeants, nineteen corporals, 
one drum-major, ten drummers, and 439 private soldiers. The uniform 
at this time very closely resembled that worn by the Foot Guards. 

The next training was in the year 1831, when the regiment 
assembled at Newark, on March the ist, under the command of Colonel 
Gilbert-Cooper-Gardiner, and remained on duty for a period of twenty- 
eight days. 

From this date there were no Militia trainings for more than twenty- 
one years, and the permanent staffs of the various regiments of Militia 
were reduced to the very smallest possible dimensions. 



50 Historical Record of the 

Colonel John Gilbert-Cooper-Gardiner died at Rodmorton, in Devon- 
shire, February the 13th, 1833. He joined the regiment as a captain 
in 1803, and in the month of March, 18 10, was promoted to the rank of 
major. In i8ig he became lieut. -colonel, upon the promotion of Lieut.- 
Colonel Coape ; and on January the 4th, 1825, h® ^^^ gazetted to the 
command of the regiment. He was the eldest son of John Gilbert 
Cooper, Esq., of Thurgarton Priory, in the county of Nottingham (late 
captain in the Nottinghamshire Militia), by Catherine, his wife, 
daughter and heiress of John Roe, Esq., of Ladbrook, in the county of 
Lincoln ; and was descended from Sir Roger Cooper, whose gallant 
defence of his mansion, against the Roundheads, has already been 
referred to in this volume. 

Lancelot Rolleston, Esq., of Watnall Hall, in the county of Not- 
tingham, was appointed Colonel of the Royal Sherwood Foresters in 
the following April. Shortly afterwards, Sir Thomas WoUaston White, 
Bart., was appointed Lieut. -Colonel, vice Pocklington, and John 
Sherwin Sherwin, Esq., of Bramcote Hills, in the county of Notting- 
ham, became major, vice Barker ; but neither of the two latter officers 
ever served with the regiment. 

The following is a list of the officers of the Royal Sherwood Foresters, 
in the year 1838, according to a return sent in to the Lord-Lieutenant 
of the county: Colonel, Lancelot Rolleston; Lieut.-Colonel, Sir Thomas 
Wollaston White, Bart. ; Major, John Sherwin Sherwin ; Captains, 
Thomas Matthews, John Overend, Thomas Dickinson Hall, Henry Porter 
Lowe, John Bagshaw Taylor, George Walker, John Francklin, and Wil- 
liam Taylor ; Lieutenants, John Martin, William Stubbs, Joseph Bodill, 
Edward Wakefield, Robert Bigsby, Godfrey Gardiner Gilbert-Cooper- 
Gardiner, and Robert Thomas Hewitt; Ensigns, John Maughan (sur- 
geon's mate), William Price, Thomas George Hewitt, and Campion 
Calvert; Adjutant, Jacob Barth ; Quartermaster, James Collins; and 
Surgeon, James Anders. 

In June, 1852, the entire reorganisation of the Militia of the United 
Kingdom was effecfled by AcTt of Parliament, and a force of 80,000 men 
authorised to be raised by voluntary enlistment, at a bounty not exceed- 
ing the sum of £6, with power to raise the quota by ballot from men 
between the ages of eighteen and thirty. Field officers, who had served 
in the regular Army, were to be allowed to retain their half-pay whilst 
serving in the Militia; and no property qualification was required of a 
captain or a lieutenant of five years' standing. 

By the new organisation the numerical strength of the Royal Sher- 
wood Foresters was considerably augmented, and the regiment was 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 51 

made to consist of a grenadier company, a light infantry company, and 
ten ordinary companies. Under the revised regulations, the permanent 
staff consisted of an adjutant, a sergeant-major, twelve sergeants, and 
eight drummers. The Royal Sherwood Foresters had now become the 
59th Regiment of Militia, instead of the 42nd, as heretofore. 

About this time, amongst other changes, the uniform of the infantry 
Militia was altered, and assimilated with that worn by the infantry of 
the Line, silver lace being substituted for gold in the officers' uniforms, 
and white metal buttons and badges, in the place of brass, in the 
uniform of the men. The full-dress uniform of the officers of the Royal 
Sherwood Foresters consisted of scarlet coatees, with royal blue facings 
and staff-pattern silver lace; silver epaulets ; crimson silk sashes, worn 
round the waist ; black beaver shakoes, with silver plates and scarlet 
and white balls; black trousers, with scarlet welts down the outer 
seams ; and white leather sword-belts, worn over the right shoulder. 
The undress uniform consisted of dark blue frock-coats, with black 
braid and frogs ; dark blue cloth forage-caps, with scarlet bands and 
silver badges ;* dark blue trousers, with scarlet welts down the outer 
seams ; and black leather waist-belts for the swords. For mess, the 
officers wore scarlet shell-jackets, faced with royal blue and lined with 
crimson silk, having small silver studs down the front, and silver 
shoulder-knots ; blue waistcoats, ornamented with silver lace ; and 
black trousers with scarlet welts down the outer seams. 

The regiment was armed with the old service percussion musket of 
1842 ; then in use by the majority of the regiments of the Line. The 
weight of this musket, with the bayonet fixed, was iilbs. 6oz. ; the 
diameter of the bore was 753 in. ; and the charge of powder was 
4Jdrs., the bullets being 14J to the pound, or thereabouts. 

The new arms and accoutrements were deposited in rooms beneath 
the Corn Exchange, at Newark, the stores having been removed from 
the Town Hall to that building. 

Major John Sherwin Sherwin, having resigned his commission. 
Captain Thomas Dickenson Hall was promoted to the rank of major, 
in August, 1852, but in less than three months he resigned, and Alex- 
ander Boddam, Esq., of Kirklington Hall, in the county of Nottingham 



* The badge for the forage-cap, at this time, consisted simply of the new number 
of the regiment (59) in silver numerals. Another badge was afterwards substituted, 
consisting of the royal cipher, in silver, surrounded by a garter of royal blue, edged 
with silver, and bearing upon it the regimental title, "Royal Sherwood Foresters," in 
gold letters ; the whole surmounted by a crown, and surrounded by two branches of 
oak, in silver. 

E 2 



52 Historical Record of the 

(formerly a captain in the 58th Foot), was appointed major by the 
Lord Lieutenant. Lieut.-Colonel Sir Thomas Wollaston White, Bart., 
also resigned his commission, and the lieut. -colonelcy was given to 
William Leigh Mellish, Esq., of Hodsock Priory, in the county of Not- 
tingham (formerly a captain in the Rifle Brigade). 

The Royal Sherwood Foresters assembled at Newark, on November 
the gth, 1852, under the command of Colonel Rolleston, for twenty-one 
days' training and exercise. The regiment numbered less than 600 
men of all ranks, and for all drill purposes the twelve companies were 
formed into eight only. During the whole training the weather was 
cold and inclement, causing much illness to be prevalent amongst the 
men. On November the 27th, the regiment was inspedled by Colonel 
Rolleston, who, at the conclusion of the inspedlion, thanked the men in 
the name of the Queen and country for their attention to their duties, 
and for their general good condudl, commenting strongly upon the 
total absence of complaint against them from the townspeople. The 
men were dismissed to their homes on November the 29th. 

On May the 4th, 1853, the full compliment of 1223 men, required to 
be enrolled for the Royal Sherwood Foresters, was completed by volun- 
tary enlistment, and with but little difficulty. 

In May, Captain Jacob Barth resigned, after having been adjutant 
to the regiment for more than forty years. He was formerly a lieu- 
tenant in the Royal Tower Hamlets Militia, and joined the Royal 
Sherwood Foresters in 181 1, as lieutenant of the grenadier company. 
In Odlober, 1812, he became adjutant, on the resignation of Captain 
Boileau. He died July the 22nd, 1863. Captain Barth was succeeded 
in the adjutantcy by Henry H olden, Esq., late Captain in the 36th 
Regiment of Foot. 

The regiment assembled at Newark on May the 23rd, 1853, for 
twenty-eight days' training and exercise, under the command of Colonel 
Rolleston. During this training, a party of men from the 33rd Regi- 
ment of Foot was sent down to Newark to assist in the drill. The 
excessive heat of the weather caused several cases of serious illness, 
which in one instance had a fatal termination. A private of the 33rd 
Regiment was taken ill upon parade, on June the gth, and died within 
a few hours. His remains were interred, with military honours, in the 
church-yard of the old parish church. The regiment was inspedled on 
June the 14th, by Colonel Elliott, of the 42nd Highlanders. 

In 1854, the regiment assembled at Newark, on April the 5th, for 
twenty-eight days' training. On April the 30th, the regiment (which 
upon this occasion mustered 844 rank and file) was inspecfled by 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 53 

Colonel Slade, the inspecfting field officer of the districfl, who, at the 
conclusion of the review, expressed his surprise that such precision and 
smartness could have been attained after so short a period of drill, and 
remarked that but a few more days' work were required to make the 
Royal Sherwood Foresters equal to any regiment of the Line. During 
the inspecftion, the ground was kept by a troop of the Sherwood 
Rangers Yeomanry Cavalry, under the command of Major Welfitt. 

This year, the Militia was transferred from the authority of the 
Home Office to that of the War Office. 

In consequence of the Crimean War, the Royal Sherwood Foresters 
were embodied for permanent duty, and assembled at Newark on 
December the ist ; being placed under the orders of the General com- 
manding in chief. 

At the time of the embodiment, the officers were posted to the 
several companies, as follows : Grenadier company — Captain, James 
Thomas Edge, and .Lieutenant, Francis George Rawson ; No. i — 
Captain, Mansfield Parkyns, and Ensign, Robert John George Henry 
Hewitt ; No. 2 — Captain, John Bagshaw Taylor, and Lieutenant, John 
Draper Hemsley; No. 3 — Captain, Arthur Swann Howard Lowe, and 
Lieutenant, George Stretton Watson ; No. 4 — Captain, John Francklin ; 
No. 5 — Captain, Richard Bayliss Bennett; No. 6 — Captain, Godfrey 
Gardiner Gilbert-Cooper-Gardiner; No. 7 — Captain, George Tomline 
Gordon, and Lieutenant, Charles James Barrow; No. 8 — Captain, 
Theodore Henry Dufy; No. 9 — Captain, Edward Walter,* and Lieu- 
tenant, Robert Thomas Hewitt ; No. lo — Captain, Alfred Hurst Lowe; 
Light Infantry company — Captain, Arthur Bromley, and Ensign, 
Robert Napoleon Surplice. 

About this time, the officers* undress was altered to a plain double- 
breasted blue frock-coat, with two rows of silver buttons (eight in each) 
down the front, at equal distances ; three on each sleeve, and three on 
each skirt ; the sash worn over the left shoulder, and a white enamelled 
leather waist-belt, and sling, was substituted for the shoulder sword- 
belt. The full-dress coatee was afterwards abandoned throughout the 
service and a double-breasted tunic substituted. 

In December, in compliance with an order from the Adjutant- 
General, volunteering from the Royal Sherwood Foresters into regi- 



* With a view to provide suitable employment for discharged soldiers and sailors 
of good charader, and, at the same time, to promote the convenience of the public in 
general, Captain Edward Walter subsequently originated and organised that most 
useful body of men, the corps of Commissionaires. Previous to joining the Royal 
Sherwood Foresters, Captain Walter served in the 8th (King's Royal Irish) Hussars. 



54 fi ' > '• • ^^-'-^ R^^'' ^i •'■/ the 



rr.er.t.^ of the Line was ordered to be c::rr-nienccd, iinder the superin- 
tendence cA a Line ofr.cer. L'pwarda of ninety men at once volunteered, 
and n?.ore "^-ib-^e-'iuently follo-^ed their example. 

On \fAy the Sth, 1855, the reg-itnent was inspected by lfa|or- 
General Arhuthnot : and on May the r^th, a special neld-day was held 
m honour of the Queen's birthday. 

Thi^ year, 200 men volunteered for ser/ice in regiments of the Line, 
and f.vo suhaltern oi^.cera of the Royal Sherwood Foresters accordinglj 
received Line conr.mis.sions. Lieutenant George Stretton Watson was 
^SLX^tted as en^:\^'n in the 8Sth iConnaught Rangers) Regiment of Foot, 
Ffchriiary th 2''!;th, 1855. He was soon promoted to the rank of Iientenant, 
and suhse^juently served at the siege of Sebastapol, and was severely 
wou'nded in the attack on the Redan, on September theSth, 1S55. He 
also served through the Indian Mutiny campaign, in iSjjand iS58,incIad- 
i nc< the operations at Cawnpore, from November the 26th to December the 
^jihy r^57, the affair at Bhognapwre, the siege of Lucknow, and the siege 
of Calpee. For these services he received the Turkish and Crimean 
medals, and the Indian medal, with the clasp for " Central India." He 
h^xame captain, by purchase, September the 20th, 1864. Captain 
Wats<'>n died on his passage home from India, September the 12th, 1865, 
and his remains lie interred in the cemetery- at Point de Galle, in 
C^yl<'/n. Jyieiitenant Robert Napoleon Surplice was gazetted as ensign 
in the 56th (West Essex; Regiment of Foot, July the 25th, 1855. He 
after //ards exchanged into the 24th (2nd Warwickshire) Regiment, and 
vvas promoted to lieutenant in 1858. He became captain, by purchase, 
iVfarch the 23rd, 1866, and continues to hold that commission. 

()t) June the nth, 1855, Nicholas Wrixon, late brevet-major in the 
27nd (Cheshire) Regiment of Foot, was appointed paymaster of the 
Royal Sherwood Foresters. Major Wrixon served in Spain from April, 
/rtr2, until the end of the war; includingthe first siege of Tarragona, 
and the retreat therefrom ; also the adlions before Alcoy, the battle of 
Castalla, the second siege of Tarragona, the Jickion at Ordel, and the 
investment of Barcelona, besides various other affairs. He also served 
at the siege and capture of Genoa, and with the expedition to Naples. 
He continued paymaster of the Royal Sherwood Foresters until his 
death, which occurred in the year 1863. 

The Royal Sherwood Foresters remained in Newark for more than 
eight months after the embodiment, but, on August the 15th, an order 
was read upon parade for the regiment to hold itself in readiness to 
move to the camp at Aldershot, on the shortest notice. Accordingly, 
on August the 20th, the right wing, with the band and colours, left 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 55 

Newark by special -train at 6 a.m., the left wing following next 
morning at the same hour. No. 4 and No. 6 companies remained at 
Newark, under the command of Captain Gardiner, to form the regi- 
mental dep6t. The regiment numbered about 690 of all ranks, on its 
arrival at Aldershot, and was the strongest regiment in the camp. 

The Royal Sherwood Foresters were inspecfled on the Queen's 
Parade, at Aldershot, on November the 7th, by General Knollys, who 
paid the regiment a high compliment for steadiness and efficiency. 
After the inspedlion, the General and his staff, together with the Earl 
of Errol, and Brigadier-General Sir John Stuard, dined at the officers* 
mess. 

The regimental orders of December the 22nd contained the fol- 
lowing : — 

** Agreeably to routes received, and from divisional orders of this 
day, the regiment will hold itself in readiness to move to Ireland on 
Wednesday next, the 26th instant. To fall in at a quarter before 



six a.m.*' 



Three days later, the following Divisional Order, relative to the Royal 
Sherwood Foresters, was issued : — 

" Camp, Aldershot, 

^* December 2^th, 1855. 
** It is with much regret that the Lieutenant-General commanding 
sees the departure of the Royal Sherwood Foresters from his command. 
The excellent discipline, superior drill, and efficient appearance in the 
field, of this fine regiment, merits his warmest praise, and refledls the 
highest credit on all ranks." 

** By order (signed), 

** F. P. Haines, Colonel, A. A. General." 

On December the 26th, the left wing, with head-quarters, proceeded 
by rail to Litchfield ; and the right wing, under the command of 
Captain Arthur S. H. Lowe, to Stafford ; the men being billeted for 
the night at those towns. On the following morning both wings con- 
tinued their journey to Liverpool, joining there, and embarking together 
for Dublin, on board the steam-ship " Niagara." From Dublin, the regi- 
ment proceeded to Athlone, and was quartered in that town for several 
months. 

Whilst at -Athlone, Captain Alfred Coope died of fever, after a very 






^ 













*- to trie naKSorr oc 

-ALFRED COOPE, Esq., 

*' Captain, Ro^-al Scerwoid Foresters, 

'»ho diftd at Athk;:ic, 

** March 5th, 1S56. 

** Th;» tabl^rt ;% erected by his brotber omcers." 

fywr- tenant Thonwui Davies was j^azctted as ensign in the nth 
(Uorih l)^/r/r.) Regiment of Foot, May the 2nd, 1856, taking with him 
!<•/ rr*en fr^/m the Royal Sherwood Foresters. 

In May, order* were issued for the removal of the regiment from 
Athlone t/'/ Dublin ; and, on May the 20th, the following address was 
\ff*',%*:uU'A to Colonel Rolleston : — 

" Athlone, 

''May 20th, 1856. 

*' f;ear Sir, 

** Having beard of the contemplated removal of the Royal Sher- 
W(;0(1 r(;rcHtcr8 from this garrison, we, the undersigned noblemen, 
tlcff/ymcn, gentlemen and merchants, of Athlone and its vicinity, take 
the prcflcnt opportunity of expressing our sincere regret at the removal 
of your excellent regiment from among us. 

*' We have with much pleasure witnessed the courteous and obliging 
demeanour of your officers, the efficient discipline and general good 
conduct of the regiment, in their intercourse with the inhabitants of 
tlic town ; while we have been delighted by your excellent band, ready 
at all times to contribute to the gratification and amusement of the 
people. 

*' \Vc therefore feel happy at being permitted to express our cordial 
appmbiition of the good behaviour of all ranks of the regiment, while 
they have been quartered here, and our own regret that we shall so 
soon be deprived of the friendly intercourse that has at all times existed 
between us and the officers, non-commissioned officers and privates of 
the Royal Sherwood Foresters. 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 57 

** Wishing you, Sir, and the distinguished corps you have the honour 
to command, health, prosperity, and many happy days, 

" We subscribe ourselves, 

** Your faithful servants, 
** (Signed) 

** Westmeath, Lord-Lieutenant. 
**Castlemain. 
** Edward Larkan, J. P." 
And one hundred and twenty-eight other signatures. 

The regiment left Athlone, for Dublin, on May the 21st, by special 
train. At Dublin, three companies, under the command of Major 
Boddam, were quartered in the Linen Hall barracks ; the remainder of 
the regiment, with head-quarters, occupied the Ship-street barracks. 

On May the 22nd, the Royal Sherwood Foresters were inspedled on 
the Esplanade, by Field-Marshal the Right Ho^i. Lord Seaton. His 
lordship's commendations were unqualified, and the regiment never 
received higher, or more gratifying expressions of approbation, than it 
did from the lips of this distinguished officer. 

Having received orders to return to England, the regiment 
embarked at Kingstown, on board the steam-ship " Cleopatra," at 
about ten o'clock on the morning of May the 23rd. The " Cleopatra," 
having to wait some hours for tide, and then lay to for light, the regi- 
ment did not land at Liverpool until the following morning. When 
the Royal Sherwood Foresters embarked at Kingstown, their ultimate 
destination was unknown to them; but at Liverpool orders awaited 
them to proceed at once to Newark, where they arrived on the evening 
of May the 24th. 

After the regiment had remained in Newark for about a month, 
orders for disembodiment were received ; and on June the 29th the 
following appeared in regimental orders : — 

**The Commanding Officer, having received intimation that the 
regiment will be disembodied on Thursday next, publishes the fol- 
lowing extradl from the War Department circular (addressed to the 
Commanding Officer of the Royal Sherwood Foresters), dated June 
the 25th, 1856 ; — 

" * Her Majesty is graciously pleased to allow the volunteers, on 
disembodiment, to receive the unissued portion of their annual bounty 
for this year, together with an instalment of fourteen days' pay. Such 
gratuity will be paid to the men in two instalments ; one instalment, 






'.Tii;il :a *he lounr-' fr.r :he 'a.st rv7 ri^rr^r^ n' the year, to be kept 
•.Hi:'<. snd j:''in :ti the reac-:earj.nce :f rhe vcliinteers at the next 
i:-:-"'/ :he :r her instilment- -vhich Trill make aD -.vith the former an 
I ■'.',:: '^t *ri:ai ta iV.urt^en ia-s' ra". tj "je rlv^n it cnce. 

' T^iC^l^A any >t' the "ilunt^ers stand m need at plain clothes, the 
am*^ -r.a- ':e 3r->v:ded bv v:*^ mt :i the sum Tjavable to the men 
-,n -t: irtmiiodiment : and shciild any cf them, after having" been so 
"j^**^ :i^i.-i. ';^ '.eft -Aithcut cash re take heme, there will be no objection 
*., ^.'r.tt'.r rzz^vr.T.z. for their immediate ,ise. a sum not exceeding half 
A *'"e 5mo»:nt 'A ^atuitv reser.ed till the next assembly of the corps 

«*r .• ■* ^. 

'* r ^annct conclude this letter withjut expressing through yoa the 
-iit: if^iit'tion that I feel in having the honour of signifying, on the 
.-.rt-s^int ^.cca.iior.. Her ifa-esr/'s ^^racious arprobation of the services 
'^f the o'.r.ciir^. non-commissioned oficers. drummers, and private men 
"/ the re/iment under vcur command. 

•* Signed Panmure.** 

A^ soon as it became known that the Roval Sherwood Foresters 
•»;*re to be disembodied, a general subscription was raised by the 
cr/unty of Nottingham, to give a festival in Newark in honour of the 
regiment, in recognition of its long and approved services, and as a 
substantial token of appreciation of the reputation gained for the county 
by the " Sherwood Foresters." 

Tuesday, July the ist, was the date fixed for the festival, and on 
that day the whole of the town of Newark was profusely decorated with 
flags and trophies, and a general holiday was observed. The bells 
of the old parish church commenced ringing at an early hour in the 
morning, and continued to do so, with but little intermission, through- 
out the day. At ten o'clock, the regiment assembled in the market- 
place and marched from there to the parade ground on the Muskham- 
road, where some thousands of speclators were assembled; the ground 
being kept by a troop of the Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry Cavalry, 
under the command of Captain Manners-Sutton. The regiment was 
then unofficially inspected by Colonel Wildman, who was accompanied 
by His Grace the Duke of Newcastle and a large staff of officers. At 
the close of the review, Colonel Wildman addressed the men in 
unmeasured terms of approbation, concluding his remarks with regrets 
that a body of men in so perfecl a state of discipline should be about to 
be dispersed. The regiment afterwards returned to Newark, and at 
tv^o o'clock the privates sat down to a substantial dinner, spread upon 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 59 



rows of tables within an enclosure in the centre of the market-place. 
The front of the Town Hall, and all four sides of the market-place, were 
tastefully decorated with groups of banners and military trophies ; and 
in the centre, within the rows of tables, was a raised platform sur- 
mounted by arches of evergreens and flags. This platform was 
occupied by His Grace the Duke of Newcastle, the Mayors of Newark 
and Nottingham, and most of the principal gentry of the county. 
Dinner being concluded, Sir Thomas Wollaston White, Bart., com- 
menced the proceedings by calling upon the men to give three times 
three cheers for Her Majesty the Queen, which were given with hearty 
acclamations, the band of the regiment playing the National Anthem. 
The Duke of Newcastle (who officiated on behalf of the Right Hon. the 
Earl of Scarborough, the Lord-Lieutenant) then addressed the men at 
some length, saying that after the praises they had that morning 
received from so experienced an officer as Colonel Wildman, and after 
the still more emphatic compliments which had been bestowed upon 
them in Ireland, by Lord Seaton, it might be considered presumptuous 
in him to give them, or the regiment, any words of commendation ; 
but this much he would say — though he had heard of the splendid 
condition of the men, of the smartness of their appearance, and of their 
discipline in Aldershot and in Ireland ; although he had heard com- 
pliments such as are rarely passed on any regiment, he must confess that 
they went far beyond any expecflations he had formed. Not only was he 
delighted, but he was astonished ; for this he was certain — that, having 
recently seen many veteran regiments of the Line in their highest 
order, there was not one among them that went beyond the " Sherwood 
Foresters," or that would not be proud to stand by their side. His 
Grace having concluded his speech, proceeded to distribute rewards to 
the best condudled men in the regiment, seledled upon the recom- 
mendation of the officers. The first presentation was to Sergeant- Major 
Abbott, and consisted of a silver cup thus inscribed : — 

** Presented to Sergeant-Major William Abbott, of the Royal Sher- 
** wood Foresters, by the Lord-Lieutenant, Deputy Lieutenants, 
*' and gentry of Nottingham, July ist, 1856." 

The Duke next gave the sum of £1 to each of the following sergeants : 
Thomas Ellis, George Garrett, George Johnson, Thomas Smith, and 
George Vicars, as being the five sergeants (never having served in the 
regular forces) who, in the opinion of the adjutant and sergeant-major, 
had most impartially and best performed their duty. Next, the sum of 



6o Historical Record of the 

155. to each of the following five corporals : George Brown, Samuel 
Keetley, William Snowden, Joseph Taylor, and Thomas Tyler, who, 
in like manner, had best performed their duty. Next, the sum of 105. 
to each of the following lance-corporals : Henry Brum, Frederick 
Fletcher, Daniel Parker, John Robinson, and Edward Woodcock. 
Next, the sum of 75. 6d. each to the two bandsmen, Charles Hurst and 
George William Hales, who, in the opinion of Herr Koenig, had been 
most attentive to their duty. Next, the sum of 75. 6d, to the two 
drummers, Frederick Orm and William Morrison, who, in the opinion 
of the drum-major, were most deserving of the same, their names never 
having once appeared in the defaulters' book. And lastly. His Grace 
gave to the six best, cleanest, and smartest privates in each company, 
the sum of 55. each. 

After the distribution of the rewards was concluded, the officers and 
gentry adjourned to the Corn Exchange, where a banquet was given to 
the officers of the Royal Sherwood Foresters, by the county. The hall was 
elaborately decorated for the occasion with flags, banners, and devices 
formed in bayonets, ramrods and swords. In front of the gallery at the 
back of the chairman's seat, was a well-arranged trophy, having in the 
centre '* R.S.F." in gold letters, upon a shield of royal blue — the colour 
of the regimental facings. Above the principal entrance was another 
trophy, composed of the kettle-drums, old serpent clarionet, trombones, 
side drums, and other musical instruments which had belonged to the regi- 
ment at the time of the Peninsular War, backed by a group of the flags of 
the allied powers of England, France, Turkey, and Sardinia. Small cannon 
and piles of arms were placed in various parts of the hall, interspersed with 
flowering plants and shrubs. The Lord-Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire 
(the Right Hon. the Earl of Scarborough) presided, and there were alto- 
gether about two hundred and fifty persons present. A string band was 
in attendance. Athletic sports were provided for the men on the cricket- 
ground, which attracfled an immense concourse of spedlators. And, 
as di finale to the day's proceedings, a ball was given in the Town Hall. 
The Royal Sherwood Foresters were disembodied on July the 3rd, 
having been on permanent duty for one year and seven months. 

During the embodiment, the band of the regiment, under the able 
leadership of Mr. A. Koenig,* attained such perfedlion as to be con- 
sidered one of the finest military bands in Her Majesty's Service. 

* The regimental march of the Royal Sherwood Foresters was arranged by Band- 
master Kcenig, at the suggestion of the present commanding-officer of the regiment, 
Lieut. -Colonel Lowe, from the old English glee, *• Bold Robin Hood was a Forester 
good." Mr. A. Koenig was afterwards bandmaster of the 65th Regiment, and died at 
Agra, in the East Indies, December the 24th, 1871. 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 6i 



On July the 31st, Captain Bromley, as the senior captain of the 
regiment, on behalf of his brother officers, presented a silver tea-service 
to Sergeant-Major William Abbott, as a mark of their appreciation of 
his acftive and untiring services during the recent embodiment, which 
had tended in no small degree towards bringing the regiment to the 
high state of efficiency which it attained. The presentation was made 
in presence of the permanent staff. 

Captain Henry Holden resigned the adjutantcy in September, and, 
in his stead, John Francis Giiardot, Esq. (late captain in the 43rd 
Light Infantry), was appointed adjutant, with the rank of captain. 
Captain Girardot served with the 43rd Regiment in South Africa, 
throughout the war of 1852 and 1853. He commanded a company 
during the expedition against the chief Mosheth in the Orange River 
districfl, and also at the Battle of Bareha, under General Cathcart. 
For this service he obtained the South African medal. He also com- 
manded a detachment of his regiment on board the ** Birkenhead," on 
the memorable occasion when that vessel was wrecked off Danger 
Point, Cape of Good Hope, on the night of February the 26th, 1852. 

In consequence of the recent embodiment, the Royal Sherwood 
Foresters were not assembled for training in 1857. 

Towards the end of January, 1857, the new regimental stores at 
Newark were completed, and the arms, clothing, and accoutrements 
were removed to them from the Corn Exchange, where they had pre- 
viously been deposited. 

In the month of May, in pursuance of an order received from 
Government, the adjutant issued a notice that a fortnight's pay would 
be issued to all men of the regiment who should apply for it, and who 
were enrolled before the 17th day of November, 1854, and joined the 
regiment on the ist day of December following, when it was embodied 
for permanent duty. This order was in accordance .with the War 
Department circular, dated June the 25th, 1856. 

The Indian Mutiny caused the Royal Sherwood Foresters to be 
again embodied, and the regiment assembled at Newark, for permanent 
duty, on Ocflober the ist, numbering about 920 of all ranlcs, including a 
considerable number of recruits. 

On Ocftober the i6th, Her Majesty the Queen, accompanied by the 
Prince Consort and several members of the Royal family, passed 
through Newark, on her way to Windsor Castle from the north. It 
being announced that the Royal train would stop at Newark, prepara- 
tions were made for Her Majesty's reception. The Great Northern 
Railway Station was decorated for the occasion, and the platform was 



62 Historical Record of tlu 

thronged by a dense crowd of speculators. The Ma\'or and Corporation 
of Newark, in their robes, attended by their mace-bearers, and accom- 
panied by the principal officers of the Royal Sherwood Foresters, 
received Her Majesty ; and on the opposite side of the platform was 
stationed a guard of honour, consisting of one hundred rank and file of 
the Royal Sherwood Foresters, commanded by Captain Bromley. The 
band of the regiment, under the direction of Herr Hartmann, the newly 
appointed bandmaster, was also in attendance. The Royal party did 
not remain in Newark more than ten minutes, and proceeded on their 
journey southward. 

On the evening of November the 27th, Kelham Hall, the seat 
of John Henr>' Manners-Sutton, Esq., situated about a mile and a half 
from Newark, was entirely destroyed by fire ; and upon this occasion 
the men of the regiment, under the direcflion of Lieut.-Colonel Mellish, 
did good service in endeavouring to arrest the progress of the flames, 
and in saving the contents of the mansion. 

The Royal Sherwood Foresters, having received orders to proceed 
to the camp at Aldershot, left Newark, by Midland Railway, on the 
evening of December the ist, arriving at Aldershot at about half-past 
eight on the following morning. Upwards of 140 men, under the 
command of Captain Alfred Hurst Lowe, remained in Newark to form 
the regimental depot. 

The permanent infantry barracks in the South Camp, at Aldershot, 
having recently been completed, the right wing of the Royal Sherwood 
Foresters, commanded by Major Boddam, marched into the centre 
block of buildings on December the 8th — being the first soldiers to 
occupy these fine barracks. The 3rd Royal Lancashire Militia marched 
in shortly after the Royal Sherwood Foresters. 

On December the nth, the regiment was inspedled by General 
Knollys, who expressed himself as highly satisfied to find that the men 
had lost none of their former discipline and steadiness under arms. 

In the month of January, 1858, it was ordered that the " extra 
service muskets,'' originally served out to the regiment, should be 
returned to the Tower. They were replaced by a far superior weapon, 
known as the '' Enfield Rifle," or '' Rifle Musket, pattern 1853." The 
weight of this rifle, with the bayonet fixed, was gibs. 120Z. ; the length 
of the barrel being 3-ft. 3-in., and the weight of the barrel alone was 
4lbs. ijoz. The diameter of the bore was •577-in., having three equi- 
distant grooves. The charge of powder was 2idrs., and the bullet 
weighed 530 grs., and was •568-in. in diameter. 

About the middle of February, orders were received for the removal 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. * 63 

of the Royal Sherwood Foresters from Aldershot to Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne ; and on the 23rd of that month the regiment was inspedled by 
Major-General Lawrence, who was at that time in command of the 3rd 
Brigade. At four o'clock on the following afternoon, the regiment, 
under the command of Major Boddam, left Farnborough Station by 
special train, arriving at Newcastle-upon-Tyne about ten o'clock the 
next morning. From Newcastle a detachment was sent to Tynemouth. 
On April the 21st, a very serious riot occurred amongst the English 
and Irish colliers, at Black Hill, near Shotley Bridge, and a strong 
detachment pf the Royal Sherwood Foresters was sent from Newcastle, 
under the command of Lieut. -Colonel Mellish, in aid of the civil power. 
The contending bodies of rioters were strongly armed with fire-arms 
and other weapons, and had even defended their positions with small 
cannon. The appearance of the military had, however, the desired effecfl, 
and immediately quelled the disturbance; but, as a precaution, one com- 
pany, under the command of Captain John Clements, was stationed at 
Shotley Bridge for some days. Relative to this affair, the following 
letter was addressed to Colonel Rolleston by the chairman of the 
Shotley Bridge bench of magistrates : — 

** Hamsterley Hall, 

'* April 2yth, 1858. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I am deputed by the Shotley Bridge bench of magistrates to 
return you our best thanks for the prompt assistance you afforded us 
on the 2ist instant, and to express our obligations to Lieut.-Colonel 
Mellish, and the officers and men under his command, for their con- 
ducfl on the occasion. 

" I have the. honour to submit myself, dear Sir, 

" Yours very obediently, 

** R. S. SuRTEES, Chairman. 
** Colonel Rolleston, 

" Royal Sherwood Foresters." 

- Lieut. -General Sir Harry Smith, the general commanding the 
northern districfl, inspedled the regiment on April the 28th, and be- 
stowed commendations on the ** Sherwood Foresters " such as but few 
regiments have either merited or received.* Sir Harry Smith inspecfled 

• The Newcastle Chronicle thus commented upon the results of the inspedtion : 
** The report of the gallant general who inspeded the Sherwood Foresters will be fully 
borne out by the opinions entertained by the inhabitants of Newcastle, on the merits 



04 H.s:: r:j^' Ri^':>rd of the 



t^'? ryr*;?r;ov:'!^ isiti.^.' — grt cci Mij the 5th, and expressed to Major 

Ps\isijLrr -vi; '.vx> u: c i^c 2i.5 tnrins approbation. 

L'.^ A-^-^>:. :!ie r;^:r:i.T: vis cj".^ upon to furnish volunteers for 
:>sr I -itsT- A 'X'vL«r ,-: £"; :cj. ^is r^ii, in cash, upon attestation; 
a:*c >*c.^ •■:>ic X* •.vLcrriTfri-i -ar-TT Allowed to take with them their 
M V.^'Ji I'v-cvissirviSv -:r iivi r.:^ :^ »^ch thev received a free kit. One 
hv^'/ oi^ : *s: . ?;:r,vc-^ic i^ lii^i «rv:c^ wis allowed to be counted as 
^>:; \ -vv ^* ; i ; "v; c^^cw-^ :/ r^ccir^-i ,-vsr the age of eighteen years, and 
^v v\ ■s.\v ;>u: a: cjl>: >*\ r:«,*LrtJii <2::w!c Live been ser\-ed. Volunteers 
\\v;v 's^ V,* ^^ A:ti:sC^c ire izv rdrriculir battalion, but attested 
:^v»s'A.> c» >c *-ct .-" x*^ ^*£ the f." Lie taring: 2nd battalion 4th Foot, 
S;> t\vv >:v '^ V\xc ■ >.t" y.vc. i^th F:ct. i^nd Foot, and 23rd Foot; 
AKi ,.^ ,\i., w c^r ,'4 t^v^* >:c.t Iv.£<;:5^ xri the Rifle Brigade. The 
^^;\' N'. >k Assv. V. ;'.n: -"w-vve^ cc v,'Iu- tearing, on August the 26th, 
kNv X. ^v.i X. ,^vr >:;> y,cc. x::c cchijr ^^In:t:::g officers, being present. 

v^i^ Ss'-vc ' ,v :>v: *:*. X ^^jL-i ^-^c h^^nour, consisting of one field 
oiu\Vix o.v xX.'^x. ". :Vwr >-^*L.T^-r:''.5^ i.-.^ 5<;rc:«jLnts, and 100 rank and 
tv\\ vOv,\^v<>;rvi vf jVviic ni* fr.c: th»i grriZJuiier and light infantry 
V\n\Vj\<;v,c:s» x:t-<:;".>i>ic x: th^ c^rtrxl rx>«xY station to receive Her 
M>Vv5i;\ ;hc s^^v^r., I.i^:. C>:^.'Ovil \CiL„>h. Cxptxin Arthur Bromley, 
\ w\\X<\\>K\rx^ A ^^,;;;sh Hxr.:c A^;j:*^sc.r.< r*^rxr.t. and Charles Frederick 
Su\ p>;\\\ a;\x; Kr.>;^«$ Jx^>.r. Jxr.u^'r: xnc Jxsper Bume, were the officers 

l>ulo^»?^ \\c:^ r!^c^:v^ on Ssrrc^r/.ber the :5th for the regiment to 
\\A\\ asoh' u\ jv,id:;^i^$$ to r.txrch t^^ GIx:5<v w xnd Avre, at the shortest 
i\\^\%o, AcciMv.oo.^Iw x^'o, S^picro.Ncr the .^ri. No. 2, No. 3, No. 4, 
N\^ S, <uul No, xo vo:roo^'o,;c5i, k:t N<:^vcxstIe for Glasgow at 6 30 a.m., 
4U liv u>4i Uxcvo Ai 4 j^o p,nu A: j^^rxcr, o'cIvVk on the following morning. 
No. *» No. ^s» No. o. No, '*. And No, o. tv^gx^the^ with the grenadier and 
lli;l\l n\UnU> vomjunic;^, lot^ NcwcAstIc: of these. No. i,No. 5, No. 7, 
k\\\\\ Nv», I) coiupauicxS, piwccUod tv> A\-ne, under the command of 
l\»|U«iin Chtuirs J;\»nos Harrow* and the three other companies went on 

On OcUiht>r tl\o u)th. Major Alexander Boddam, Captain Arthur 



flf Ihit dUll«ftMl«hp«l covj^n. Their or\Wrly bchAviour throui^hout the whole of their 
lAJPHrn htir0| hnth in htUoU «uul )^riAcks« «$ well as the soldierlike, manly, and for- 
Nf^finil lUMnnttr which \\wy mAuifestcd At the recent unhappy affair at Black Hill, 
in^llUi thtt cnrpn moMt Ailly to the re!ti>ec\ and confidence of the inhabitants of this 
llilMlAi Tha dll0n)hiulim»nt of lhi« rei^iment wxmld be a loss to the military service 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 65 

Bromley, Captain Arthur S. H. Lowe, Captain G. G. Gilbert-Cooper- 
Gardiner, Lieutenant T. J. Walsh, Lieutenant Eyre Evans, Lieutenant 
Percy Charles Stanhope, and Ensign Loftus John Rolleston (with the 
Queen's colour) together with ten sergeants, and 240 rank and file, were 
sent from Glasgow to Edinburgh, on the occasion of Her Majesty the 
Queen's arrival in that city, from Balmoral. The detachment returned 
to Glasgow on the following day. 

' About this time the full dress uniform was again altered. The 
double-breasted tunic was abandoned, and a single-breasted tunic 
substituted. Felt shakoes, of a new pattern, were adopted at the same 
time. 

Lieutenant Charles Frederick Surplice was gazetted an ensign in 
the 47th (Lancashire) Regiment of Foot, Ocflober the 8th, 1858, taking 
with him 100 men from the Royal Sherwood Foresters. 

The regiment was inspecfted on Glasgow Green, on Ocftober the 
28th, by Major-General Viscount Melville, K.C.B., the general com- 
manding the troops in North Britain. After the inspection, his lordship 
was pleased to express his gratification at the general appearance of 
the regiment, and the steadiness of the men under arms. He was 
specially pleased with the marching past, the skirmishing, and the 
charge ; and also with the laying out of the kits in the barrack square; 
and he desired Lieut.-Colonel Mellish to state to the regiment that he 
considered the very greatest praise was due to all ranks. The detach- 
ment at Ayre was inspecfted on the day following, and was equally 
praised. The following letter 'will show the result of these inspec- 
tions : — 

** Horse Guards, 

*' November 29^/^, 1858. 
** My Lord, 

** The confidential report and inspecflion returns of the regiment 
named in the margin (Royal Sherwood Foresters), having been laid 
before the General Commanding-in-Chief, I have the honour to request 
that you will be pleased to make known to Colonel Rolleston the 
remark made thereon by His Royal Highness — * Report most creditable 
in this regiment.' 

** I have the honour to be, my Lord, 

** Your most obedient Servant, 

" Brook Taylor, Colonel A.A.G. 

** Major-General Viscount Melville." 

F 



rj-j j-^ :. ; * ; -:j j, ^ :. ; -J - ' r j 






I- Z*±-.ia:i:ier. :»f.-?. iie ^-rxLiii :f the tti: ratraliAia cf tbe 21st 

rsc;-. trj. :z iie iccisi-zn :c tlie rsTuc-ral :c rirar rgj^^iert frem PsdsLej 
to NeTrpr.rt Ir II im-: -iJi:5Ji.r^. 

At tiiii tine the ?-:"xl Sheryicd r irsscirs cccjd bca«t of some of 
the fzest sh.ica n the imj : ijtd the Iitapechtr-Gezeral cf Itasketiy 
h-i-.-hiz hiZ'iec CT*r ti rL-s F-ijil H:,£h::te3s the General Ccnrrrandrng- 
:r.-Chie: the rsrcrts ;: the i: — \\. c:; irse :c ~e hLStTuCtioc for tae year 
iS^S. it wia a: — ccrtced r*.ir the Ri^-il Sherwccd Foresters stood at the 
head cf the whcLe British Artz.7. hiv-h:^ node better ahoctfngthan any 
ether ni^lrtent hi Her ilArestr's SerrLce. Tbe nunLber of points 
cbtained cj the re^^hrtent woj is fiZl-iTrs : First, cr Battaliori Prize, i ; 
Second, or Ccnparj Pri-res. 12: Third, or ^darksznea's Prires, 66; 
mikizg a tcwil cf 7;^ The 2r.d batra'-cs. of the Sects Fusilier Guards 
came second o:^ the list, azd the rst battalicnof tbe Ride Brigade, 
third. No other Militia reginent was within eighteen of the Royal 
Shenvood Foresters, An achieTement sr:ch as this spemks ix its^i, 
and requires no cominent. 

For this proud distLzclfoc the regimetit. dcuhtless, owed much to 
Captain William ELisha Sraith, the musketry instmc'tor. who spared no 
pains in bringing the shooting of the regiment up to the pitch of per- 
feclion which it attained. 

In the month of March, 1S59, orders were sent from His Rojral 
Highness the Duke of Cambridge, K.G. i^the General Commanding-in- 
ChieO, for Captain Smith and Sergeant Garrett to proceed immediately 
to Guernsey, for the purpose of instrucling the Guernsey Militia in 
musketij-. Relative to this, the following appeared in the regimental 
orders for March the 19th : — 

*'*' The Commanding Officer cannot allow Captain Smith to proceed 
on this duty without thanking him warmly- for the zeal and ability with 
which he has conducled the duties of officer instructor of musketry to 
the regiment, and at the same time expressing his great satisfaction at 
the efficient manner in which Sergeant Garrett has performed the 
duties of non-commissioned officer instnicftor." 

Captain Smith was afterwards appointed Adjutant of the School of 
Muftketry at Hythe, and Captain Alfred Hurst Lowe succeeded him as 
injttrudlor of musketry to the Royal Sherwood Foresters. 

The regiment, having received orders to return to England, proceeded 
to Newark in two divisions, on March the 23rd. The first division, 
which wa» commanded by Captain G. G. Gilbert-Cooper-Gardiner, con- 
sifttcd of the Ayre detachment, with No. 3, No. 7, and No. 10 companies ; 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 67 

the second division consisted of head-quarters, with the remainder 
of the regiment. The two divisions were respecftively halted at New- 
castle-upon-Tyne and Darlington, for refreshments. 

On March the 27th, orders for disembodiment were received, and 
with them the following letter from the Lord-Lieutenant of Notting- 
hamshire, the most noble Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham Clinton, 
Duke of Newcastle : — 

" Portman Square, 

^^ March 26th, 1859. 
« Sir, 

** In transmitting to you these orders I have the great gratifica- 
tion of informing you that Her Majesty has commanded the Secretary 
of State to communicate, through me, to the officers, non-commissioned 
officers, drummers, and private men, the high sense she entertains of 
their condudl, and of the zeal and spirit which they have manifested 
since they have been embodied. 

** I feel assured that this expression of approval by our Gracious 
Sovereign will be an encouragement to the whole regiment to maintain, 
whilst disembodied, that distinguished characfter which it has won for 
itself during a long period of service. 

** I have the honour to be. Sir, 

" Your obedient Servant, 

** Newcastle. 
** The Officer Commanding Royal Sherwood Foresters." 

The following is an extracfl from the regimental orders of March the 
29th, being the day previous to the disembodiment : — 

"The Commanding Officer has received instructions from the 
Secretary of State for War, direcfling him to inform the volunteers 
that any Militiaman who may be willing to re-enlist at any time during 
the last twelve months of his term of engagement, when the regiment 
is disembodied, may, with the approval of his commanding officer — or, 
in his absence, of the adjutant — be discharged, and then re-engaged 
for another term of five years. Any such volunteer may, upon re- 
attestation, be settled with for the balance of bounty remaining due 
under the terms of his first engagement, in the same manner as if he 
had completed it ; and may also receive the same bounty on enrolment, 
and throughout his second term of service, as that sancflioned by 
regulation for ordinary volunteers. 

F 2 



'-_« 



■ - ••• • .^_ 






.Jb^. 



mA_ 






^^' ..' 



« . I ■» rT> 






m' • m' ^ m- 



T-: 



M 




»/.,.. / ;a iKit/Ar^AK: of lot rt^-ntc- ^^^f^^ a. txi. n:iEiaer ot 635 

^/ */. ;>>-,/at^ ;$:t,^K^:,'^,^A, ai N'tAark f^r twe-tj-cre dijs" tr5 :r.:rg, under 

^f,*^ *^rrt»Tf,Ai/, 'A L;*j-t. Colonel Mellish, o- Mav the 27th, and was 

/f/*,;/^/*'-^ r// hKu^-,i'A tht Right Hon. Lord Pauler, on June the 14th. 

// tfffriC ^''>* /''^'f r/<^ J^itn were enlisted, 73 re-attested, and 21 

In iH^f/, Ot*i f**/j\k\i% unM^mhltd at Newark, on April the 7th, for 
ftfiitf^^tt /1«/h' \ffh\wt'iuiiTy drill ; and the remainder of the regiment, 
ntld^f 0** tJtwumw] ol f/j';ijt,. Colonel Mellish, assembled for twenty-one 
Htlf^* hfi\n)htf, oti Apiil the 2i%t, At this training the Royal Sherwood 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. . 69 

Foresters numbered 1014 of all ranks. On May the 8th, the regiment 
was inspecSled by Lieut.-Colonel Bingham, C.B., Assistant Adjutant- 
General ; and on May the loth the men were dismissed to their 
homes. 

Colonel Lancelot Rolleston died at Brighton, on May the i8th, 
1862, aged seventy-six years. He was the representative of an ancient 
Nottinghamshire family, and was the eldest son of Christopher Rol- 
leston, Esq., of Watnall Hall, in the county of Nottingham, by Anne, 
his wife, daughter of Captain Nicholas, R.N., and was twice married. 
First, to Caroline, only daughter of Sir George Chetwynd, Bart., by 
whom he had several children; and secondly to Eleanor Charlotte, 
daughter of Robert Fraser, Esq., of Torbreck, in the county of Inver- 
ness, by whom he also had issue. His remains were interred in the 
parish church at Greasley, in the county of Nottingham. Colonel 
Rolleston was gazetted to the command of the Royal Sherwood 
Foresters April the nth, 1833, and held the appointment for more than 
twenty-nine years — a considerably longer period than had been enjoyed 
by any other commanding officer of the regiment. After his death, the 
colonelcy was left vacant, and the regiment was commanded by Lieut.- 
Colonel William Leigh Mellish. 

During the year 1862, 125 men were enlisted, loi re-attested, and 
102 discharged. This year, the further appointment of ensigns in 
regiments of Militia was suspended. 

In 1863, the recruits assembled at Newark for fourteen days' pre- 
liminary drill, on April the 6th, and the remainder of the regiment, 
under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Mellish, assembled for twenty- one 
days' training on April the 20th, the total number of all ranks being 
1038. On May the 8th, the regiment was inspec5led by Colonel Pipon, 
InspecSlor-General of Militia. 

On April the 28th, Surgeon James Anders completed the fiftieth 
year of his service as surgeon of the Royal Sherwood Foresters ; and 
a compliihentary dinner was given to the " veteran " by his brother- 
officers. 

During this year 136 men were enlisted, 62 were re-attested, and 36 
discharged. 

In 1864, the recruits assembled at Newark, on April the 4th, for 
fourteen days' preliminary drill ; and the remainder of the regiment, 
under the command of Major Boddam, assembled for twenty-one days' 
training, on April the i8th, numbering 926 of all ranks. On May the 
6th, the regiment was inspecfted by Colonel Hinde, of the 8th Foot. 

On the morning of April the i8th, Lieut.-Colonel William Leigh 



yo Historical Record of the 

Mellish died at his residence at Hodsock, after a very short illness. 
He was the eldest son of the very Rev. Edward Mellish, D.D., Dean of 
Hereford, and had succeeded to the Hodsock estate by the will of his 
cousin, Mrs. Anne Chambers. He was born in the year 1814, and 
commenced his military career as an ensign in the Rifle Brigade. 
After attaining the rank of captain in that corps, he resigned, and, on 
November the gth, 1852, became Lieut.-Colonel of the Royal Sherwood 
Foresters. Lieut.-Colonel Mellish was married in 1843, ^^ Margaret 
Anne, second daughter of Sir Samuel Cunard, Bart., the eminent 
merchant, by whom he had several children. His remains were 
interred in the parish church at Blythe, in the county of Nottingham. 

Major Alexander Boddam was promoted to the lieut.-colonelcy, and 
subsequently Captain Arthur Bromley and Captain Arthur Swann 
Howard Lowe were both promoted to the rank of major — two majors 
being at this time appointed to the regiment, instead of one, as here- 
tofore. 

In the month of August, the establishment of all regiments of 
Militia, of over 600 privates, was reduced. This order was cancelled 
in Ocflober, 1867. 

During the year 1864, 106 men were enlisted, 117 re-attested, and 
104 discharged. 

In 1865, *^^ recruits assembled at Newark for fourteen days' pre- 
liminary drill, on April the 3rd, being joined by the remainder of the 
regiment, under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Boddam, on April the 
17th. This year, the period of training was extended to twenty-eight 
days. Colonel Bingham, C.B., was to have inspecfled the regiment on 
May the 12th ; but, owing to the inclemency of the weather, no inspec- 
tion could be made. The total number of all ranks of the Royal 
Sherwood Foresters present at this training was 843. 

During this year, 84 men were enlisted, 100 re-attested, and 135 
discharged. 

In 1866, the recruits assembled at Newark for fourteen days' pre- 
liminary drill, on April the 2nd ; and the remainder of the regiment, 
under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Boddam, assembled for twenty- 
eight days' training on April the i6th, numbering in all 868 men. 
Colonel Ralph Budd, of the 14th Regiment of Foot, inspedled the 
Royal Sherwood Foresters on May the nth. 

In April, 1866, Surgeon James Anders, M.D., retired from the 
Royal Sherwood Foresters with a pension, having served in the regi- 
ment for upwards of fifty-six years. Dr. Anders joined the regiment 
in 1810, as assistant surgeon under Dr. Hazeldine, and became 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 71 

surgeon in April, 1813. He died January the 2nd, 1869, aged eighty 
years, at Shelton Manor, near Newark (the residence of his son-in- 
law, Robert Hall, Esq.), and was buried in the churchyard at Shelton. 
A stained window in the chancel of Shelton Church perpetuates his 
memory. Assistant-Surgeon Foottit was appointed Surgeon ^ vice Anders. 

By War Office authority, A/Militia/gii, dated February the 8th, 
1866, it was ordered that if a Militiaman be found to have enlisted 
fraudulently into the regular forces, he was to be put under stoppages 
of one penny daily for eighteen months. It was also ordered that 
a Militiaman might purchase his discharge on payment of 185. 6d,, 
unless he happened to be a re-enrolled man, in which case he must pay 
£2 45. 6d,f and provide a substitute. 

This year, several changes were made in the uniform. The officers' 
blue undress frock coat was abandoned, and a short, braided jacket 
(known as the patrol jacket) substituted. Steel scabbards, previously 
worn only by instrucflors of musketry and adjutants, were adopted 
throughout the entire service by all officers under the rank of major. 
For the men, stitched blue cloth shakoes were substituted for felt, and 
black serge trousers substituted for blue in the fatigue clothing. 

During this year, 189 men were enlisted, 85 re-attested, and 95 
discharged. 

In 1867, the recruits assembled at Newark for fourteen days' pre- 
liminary drill, on April the ist; and the remainder of the regiment, 
numbering in all 838 men, assembled for twenty-eight days' training, 
under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Boddam, on April the 15th. The 
regiment was inspecfled on May the loth, by Lieut.-Colonel Gildea, of 
the 8 1 St Regiment of Foot. 

This year. General Peel created a new Army Reserve, by giving a 
bounty and extra pay to those Militiamen who would volunteer for it ; 
in return, they are to be liable to serve anywhere with the standing 
Army whenever war is declared. The quota was fixed at 20,000 men ; 
but, at the first Militia training after the bill had been passed (in 1868), 
only 2,524 men volunteered. The utility of this scheme is fairly open 
to question, for the Militia has always been ready to volunteer for 
foreign service whenever the exigencies of war rendered it necessary ; 
and it would be an injustice to the force to suppose that such will not 
always be the case. 

During the year 1867, 169 men were enlisted, 67 re-attested, and 96 
discharged. 

In 1868, the recruits assembled at Newark for fourteen days' pre- 
liminary drill, on March the 30th ; the remainder of the regiment, 




72 Historical Record of tJie 

making a total of 937 of all ranks, assembled for twenty-eight days' 
training, under Lieut. -Colonel Boddam, on April the 13th. The regi- 
ment was inspec5led on May the 7th, by Lieut.-Colonel Wombwell, 
Inspec5lor of Reserve forces. 

During this year, 269 men were enlisted, no re-attested, and 82 
discharged. 

In 1869, the recruits assembled at Newark for fourteen days' pre- 
liminary drill, on March the 29th ; and the remainder of the regiment, 
under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Boddam, assembled for twenty- 
eight days* training, on April the 12th, the total number of men present 
at this training being 1079. The regiment was inspecfled on May the 
5th and 6th, by Colonel E. W. C. Wright, Deputy Inspec5lor of Reserve 
forces. 

At the commencement of this training, the Enfield rifles (issued 
to the regiment in 1858) were replaced by Enfield rifles converted 
into breech-loaders, after Snider's patent. This arm has the breech 
closed with a steel block fitting into a shoe at the end of the 
barrel, and working on a hinge in front of the hammer. The weight 
of the arm and ammunition remains pradlically unaltered. The 
Royal Sherwood Foresters were distinguished by being one of the 
first regiments of Militia to which the Snider rifles were issued — a 
distindlion which was accorded partly on account of the regiment 
having, in 1858, stood at the head of the whole British Army in mus- 
ketry prac5lice. 

In the early part of this year, a bill was passed by which several 
important changes were effecfled in the Militia force. It consisted of 
four clauses, the first of which enables Her Majesty to place any regi- 
ment, battalion, or corps, called out for training, under the command 
of general officers of the regular forces, which before could only be done 
when embodied for adlual service; by the second, an officer of the 
Line may be attached to any regiment for the purpose of training, 
during which time he must obey his superior officers of the Militia ; 
the third abolishes the property qualification for officers; and the 
fourth provides that no Militia volunteer shall be entitled to claim his 
discharge, on the ground of error or illegality in his enrolment, after he 
has served for one training. 

This year, tunics of a new pattern were issued to a portion of the 
men, and corresponding alterations were made in the arrangement of 
the lace on the officers' tunics. Silver lace sashes, sword-belts, and 
stripes for the trouser seams were sandlioned to be worn by officers at 
levees, balls, and other similar occasions. 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 73 

During the year 1869, 236 men were enlisted, 51 re-attested, and 
61 discharged. 

In Jahuary,* 1870, Major Arthur Bromley resigned his commission, 
on account of ill-health ; and, on February the 26th, he died at Sun- 
bury, in the county of Middlesex. William Shepherd Milner, Esq., of 
Mansfield Woodhouse, in the county of Nottingham — late Captain in 
the loth (North Lincoln) Regiment of Foot — was afterwards gazetted 
Major of the Royal Sherwood Foresters. 

In the month of March, Captain Alfred Hurst Lowe, Instrucflor of 
Musketry, and senior Captain of the regiment, retired with the rank of 
Major ; but, on March the 27th, before his retirement could be notified 
in the Gazette, he died at Merton, in the county of Surrey, in the 56th 
year of his age. Captain John Thomas Fountain subsequently adled 
as instrucflor of musketry. 

In April, Captain George Davis and Captain Godfrey Gardiner 
Gilbert-Cooper-Gardiner both retired from the Royal Sherwood Foresters 
with the rank of Major. Major Davis had -previously held a captain's 
commission in the Honourable East India Company's service. Major 
Cooper-Gardiner served in the Spanish Legion, under General Sir de 
Lacy Evans, with the rank of Captain, in the years 1835, ^^S^* ^"^ 
1837. He was in charge of the dep6t of the Royal Sherwood Foresters, 
at Newark, in 1855, and was in command of the detachment at Tyne- 
mouth, in 1858, and also in command of the detachment, at Ayr, in 
1859. 

This year, the recruits assembled at Newark for fourteen days' pre- 
liminary drill, on April the 4th ; and the remainder of the regiment, 
numbering in all 960 men, assembled for twenty-eight days' training 
on April the i8th. The Royal Sherwood Foresters being at this time 
exceedingly short of officers, two subalterns of the 22nd (Cheshire) 
Regiment of Foot, and one of the 23rd Royal Welsh Fusiliers, were 
attached to the regiment, to assist during the training. On May the 
13th, the regiment was inspecfled by Colonel Roche. 

Upon the declaration of war between France and Prussia, the aspecSl 
of Continental affairs rendered it not improbable that England might 
be involved in the struggle. -Immediate steps were taken to augment 
the Army ; and, it being expecfled that a certain number of Militia 
regiments would be embodied, the Commanding Officer of the Royal 
Sherwood Foresters intimated to Her Majesty's Government the readi- 
ness of the regiment for service. In reply to this, the following official 
letter was received by the Lord- Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire (the 
Right Hon. Lord Belper) : — 



74 Historical Record of the 

** A./Noits,/2S8. Pall Mall, 

*' Atigust 2oth, 1870. 
'* My Lord, 

" With reference to your Lordship's letter of the 13th instant, I 
have the honour to request that you will have the goodness to convey 
to the officers and men of the Nottingham (Sherwood Foresters) 
Militia, the thanks of Her Majesty's Government for the offer of 
services therein made by them, through your Lordship. 
** I have the honour to be, my Lord, 

" Your Lordship's obedient Servant, 

" (Signed) Edward Cardwell. 

" The Lord Belper." 

During the year 1870, 144 men were enlisted, 90 re-attested, and 
58 discharged. 

In March, 187 1, Lieut. -Colonel Alexander Boddam-Whetham retired 
from the command of the Royal Sherwood Foresters ; and, in con- 
sideration of his long service. Her Majesty was pleased to appoint him 
Honorary Colonel of the regiment. The command devolved upon 
Major Arthur Swann Howard Lowe, who was promoted to the rank of 
Lieut.-Colonel. Lieut. -Colonel Lowe is the third son of Alfred Lowe, 
Esq., of Highfield, in the county of Nottingham, by Charlotte Ocftavia, 
his wife, the daughter of Edward Swann, Esq. He became Captain in 
the Royal Sherwood Foresters in November, 1852, and was promoted 
to the rank of Major in March, 1865. Captain Anthony Henderson 
Fowke was promoted to the vacant Majority. 

In 1 87 1, the recruits assembled at Newark for twenty-eight days' 
preliminary drill, on April the 24th ; the remainder of the regiment, 
making a total, of all ranks, of 1022, assembled for twenty-eight days' 
training, under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Lowe, on May the 
22nd. The regiment was inspecfled, on June the 15th, by Colonel 
Maydwell, but owing to the unfavourable weather but few manoeuvres 
could be performed. 

About this time, military schools of instruction were established for 
officers of the Reserve forces. Captain Alfred Edward Lawson Lowe, 
Captain George Gawthern, and Captain Charles Bateman Prust, having 
gone through a course of instrucftion at Aldershot, each received a 
certificate of proficiency ; being the first officers of the Royal Sherwood 
Foresters to avail themselves of these schools. 

During the year 187 1, 209 men were enlisted, 65 re-attested, and 55 
discharged. 



Royal Sherwood Foresters. 75 

On the 29th of March, 1872, Colonel Alexander Boddam-Whetham 
died of fever, at Rome, in the 65th year of his age. He was the youngest 
son of Rawson Hart Boddam, Esq., formerly Governor of Bombay, by 
Eliza Maria, his wife, daughter of William Tudor, Esq., of Monmouth. 
He obtained a commission as ensign in the i8th (Royal Irish) Regi- 
ment of Foot, in 1827, and was a captain in the 58th (Rutlandshire) 
Regiment of Foot when he retired from the Army. In November, 
1852, he was appointed Major of the Royal Sherwood Foresters, and 
succeeded to the command of the regiment on the death of Lieut. - 
Colonel Mellish, in April, 1864. In March, 187 1, he retired, and was 
appointed Honorary Colonel. In the year 1841, he married Maria 
Agatha, only daughter and heiress of Major-General John Whetham, of 
Kirklington Hall, in the county of Nottingham, and assumed the 
additional name and arms of Whetham in 1870. 

This year, the recruits assembled at Newark for twenty-eight days* 
preliminary drill, on April the ist ; the remainder of the regiment, 
numbering in all 903 men, assembled for twenty-eight days' training, 
under the command of Lieut. -Colonel Lowe, on April the 15th. The 
regiment was inspedled on May the 9th and loth, by Colonel H. L. 
Maydwell, Assistant Quartermaster-General. 

The officers of the Royal Sherwood Foresters, at the present time 
(June, 1872), are as follows : Lieut. -Colonel, Arthur Swann Howard 
Lowe ; Majors, William Shepherd Milner, and Anthony Henderson 
Fowke; Captains, John Stephens, Augustus Mark Hammond, John 
Thomas Fountain, Alfred Edward Lawson Lowe, Richard Upton, the 
Hon. Percy Charles Stanhope, George Gawthern, Hugh Augustus Crof- 
ton, Thomas John Buchanan, Charles Bateman Prust, Harvey Charles 
Tryon, and Arthur Steffe Crisp ; Lieutenants, Thomas Dudley Fos- 
broke, George Redmond Prior, David Archibald Dalton Kennedy, 
Thomas Charles Watson, Robert Ashby Hall, Philip Francis Tallents, 
George Evelyn Mackarness, Benjamin Wentworth Darley, and James 
Melvill Davidson ; Adjutant, Captain John Francis Girardot ; Quarter- 
master, Captain Donald Sinclair ; Surgeon, William Falkingham 
Foottit ; and Assistant Surgeon, Thomas Frederick Greenwood. 

Of these officers, besides Captain Girardot and Captain Sinclair 
(whose services have already been detailed), three others have seen 
acftive service, and are decorated with medals. Captain Crofton served 
in the 6th (Royal ist Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot during the Kaffir 
War, in 1850 and 1851, and was engaged in most of the operations 
against the enemy. He was present at the adlion in the Boma Pass, 
against Sandilli's tribe, on December the 24th, 1850, upon which 



76 Historical Record of the 



occasion his horse was shot under him. He was mentioned in General 
Orders for his conducfl in command of a rear-guard, when on patrol, 
under Major Wilmot, in the Amatola Mountains, and was present at 
the combined attack on the Amatolas, on June the 28th, 185 1. After 
leaving the Line, and previous to his joining the Royal Sherwood 
Foresters, Captain Crofton was for nearly five years adjutant of the 
Monaghan Militia. Captain Prust served in the 2nd battalion of the 
6oth Rifles, through the campaign in China, in i860; and Lieutenant 
Fosbroke served in the 2nd (Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot, through 
the same campaign ; both these officers having the China medal, with " 
clasps for '* Pekin," and the **Taku Forts." 

The entire reorganisation of the British Army (now in progress) must 
necessarily involve many important changes in every branch of Her Ma- 
jesty's land forces, and the year 1872 will be marked by great alterations 
in the Militia. Not the least of these is the removal of the force from the 
control of the Lords- Lieutenant of counties, whose power to sign the 
commissions of Militia officers ceased on the 31st day of March. The 
impending changes consequent upon Mr. Cardwell's scheme, render 
this a fitting period to conclude this regimental record. The objecfl of 
this book will have been attained, if, in addition to perpetuating the 
history of the regiment, sufficient has been recorded of the past services 
of the Royal Sherwood Foresters to show that whatever part they may 
be called upon, in the future, to fulfil, or, in whatever trying circum- 
stances they may be placed, they will ever continue to do their duty as 
true British soldiers — mindful of their reputation, faithful to their 
country, and, above all, steadfast to their motto — 

^^LOYALTE." 



INDEX OF NAMES. 

Note. — All Officers of the Royal Sherwood Foresters are distinguished in this Index 
by the highest rank which they attained in the regiment. 



A 

PAGE 

Abbott, Sergeant- Major William 59, 61 

Abercrombie, Sir Ralph 29 

Albermarle, His Grace the Duke of . 10 
Anders, Surgeon James . 49, 50, 69, 70 
Arbuthnot, Major-General .... 54 
Auchmuty, Brigadier - General Sir 
Samuel 32 

B 

Ballard, General 6 

Barker, Major Samuel .... 49* 50 
Barrow, Captain Charles James . 53, 64 
Barth, Captain Jacob . 39, 47, 49, 50, 52 
Baudin, Captain Harrington . . .19 
Beardsley, trieutenant Francis ... 83 
Bellasis, The Right Hon. John, Lord 9 
Belper, the Right Hon. Lord . 73, 74 
Bennett, Captain Richard Bayliss . . 53 
Berks, Lieutenant Richard . 12, 20, 31 
Bigsby, Lieutenant Robert .... 50 

Bingham, Colonel 69. 70 

Bird, Captain 12 

Blackstone, Sir William i 

Boddam, Rawson Hart, Esq. • • * 75 
Boddam {see Whetham). 
Bodill, Lieutenant Joseph . . 49, 50 
Boileau, Captain Simon P. . 31, 39, 52 
Boulton, Captain George E. . 42, 83 

Boyd, Captain 12, 14 

Bradshaw, Lieut.-Colonel Thomas . 35 

Bright, Surgeon 22 

Brock, Lieut. -General 82 

Bromley, Major Arthur 53, 61, 62, 64, 

[65* 70» 73 
Browne, Major 35 

Brown, Corporal George 60 

Buchanan, Captain Thomas John . . 75 

Budd, Colonel Ralph .70 

Brum, Lance- Corporal Henry ... 60 

Burdon, Sir Nicholas .3 

Bume, Lieutenant Jasper .... 64 

Byron, Sir John 6 

Byron, Sir Richard 7» 8 

Byron, Admiral 81 

Byron, Lieutenant Frederick George 

[i5» 20 



C 

PAGB 

Calvert, Adjutant-General Sir Harry 

[40, 42 
Calvert, Ensign Campion .... 50 
Cambridge, H.R.H. The Duke of . .66 
Cardwell, The Right Hon. Edward 74, 76 

Carlton, Lieut.-Colonel 27 

Cartwright, Major John 12, 13, 15, 16, 

[19, 21, 23, 81, 82 

Cartwright, George, Esq .22 

Cartwright, William, Esq 81 

Castlemaine, The Right Hon. Viscount 

[57» 82 

Cathcart, General 61 

Champion, Lieut. William .... 20 

Chaplin, Thomas, Esq 20 

Charlton, Lieut.-Colonel Thomas 24, 

[26, 27, 35, 49 
Chaworth, Lieut.-Colonel John ... 34 
Chetwynd, Sir George, Bart. ... 69 

Churchill, Colonel 22 

Clare, the Right Hon. the Earl of . . 4 
Clarence, H.R.H. The Duke of . . .33 
Clarina, General, The Right Hon. Lord 82 

Claye, Major Richard 36 

Clements, Captain John 63 

Clifton, Sir John ....... 3 

Clifton, Sir Gervase, Bart. ... 5, 6 

Clinton, Lieut.-Colonel The Right 
Hon. Lord John .... 15, 19, 20 

Coape, Colonel Henry . 35, 39, 48, 49, 

[50, 83 
Coape, William, Esq 49 

CoUey, Lieutenant Richard Jones . . 83 

Collins, Quarter- Master James . 49, 50 

Collishaw, Lieut. John 19 

Cood, Lieut. Thomas 20 

Coope, Captain Alfred .... 55, 56 

Cooper^ Sir Roger 8, 50 

Cooper, Captain John Gilbert 12, 13, 50 

Cooper {see Gardiner). 

Cresswell, Mr. Samuel 17 

Crisp, Captain Arthur Steffe .... 75 

Crofton, Captain Hugh Augustus 75, 76 

Cromwell, Richard 9 

Crowder, Private William .... 34 

Cunard, Sir Samuel 70 



-o 



IlJ^X 



:'' }ii7fL::i 



Zf^.er. I^gntenant Benjamin Wsat- 
•v*nh 



. 3 



t*^—.dsv,n. L.eatetiaat Jime^ iCeI":II 
T)ven. L:catKiaat Tlicmas . 
LavA Ma:cr Ocfinjc . - . 
I>>nncr. the Sight Hen, Liirl 
Dcn^aa. Oencral .... 
Duncan, Admiral .... 
Duranc Captain An^jLsh Hcncr 



yuacae 



.\a. 



IHrr. Captain Toeo^iorc Henry 



Eif^ Captain Jaxnes Thomas . 
Elliot, Colonel 

Ellis, 55er2[eant Thcmi<j . . . 
Elnngton, Licnt. John Francis 
Elae. Paymaater Stephen, . . 
Ea^an<L Lieut.-General . . . 
ErroL The Right Hon. the Earl of 
Evans, General Sir de Lacy . . 
Evans, Lieut, Nicholas . . . 
Evans, Lieut. Evre 



?6 
73 

53 



53 
5^ 

20 

59 
49 
49 
3^ 
55 
73 
49 
65 



Fellows, John, Esq 14 

Fletcher. Lance Corporal Frederick . 6a 
Focttit, Surgeon William Falkingham 

[jlr 75 

Forbes, Lieutenant Hugh .... 83 
Fosfaroke, Lieut, Thomas Dudley 75, 76 
Fowlce, Major Anthony Henderson 74, 75 
Francklin, Captain John , . . 50, 53 

Fraser, Major-General 33 

Fraser, Robert, Esq 69 



Gardiner, Colonel John Gilbert-Cooper 

[367 37. 39t 49t 50t 83 
Gardiner, Major Godfrey G. Gilbert- 
Cooper ... 50, 53, 55, 65, 66, 73 
Garrett, Sergeant George . . 59, 66 
Gawthern, Captain George . . 74, 75 

Gell, Sir John, Bart, 6 

Gildea, Lieut.-Colonel 71 

Girardot, Captain John Francis . 61, 75 
Gordon, Captain George Tomline . . 53 
Gould, Colonel Edward Thoroton 
[20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 33, 37, 38, 39, 42, 

44, 47, 48, 83 
Gould, Captain Charles Edward . . 83 
Greenwood, Assistant- Surgeon Thos. 

Frederick 75 

Grey, The Right Hon. Lord .... 5 



. . 60 
50* 51 



Hacker. Captain 

H-unes. Oitonei F. ? 

Haies. Bandsman Wniiam . . 
HalL Vaxor Thomas Dtckinam 
Hail, Lient. ELooert Ashby .... 75 

FT.i^. jLiherr. E^ 71 

Hamiltcn. Ensi:^ WHliinn .... 20 
Hammumi. Captain Angostaa Mark . 75 

Hartmamu Bandmaster 62 

Haseidine. Scr:iean James .... 70 

Rand. Fnsign Thomas 20 

Hawke, Sir Eiward 81 

Haysted. Maicr 39 

Hemsiey. Captain Joixn Dtapia^ . . 53 

Henderson, Sir John 6 

Hepaum, Lieut.-ColQnei 27 

Herrey. Colonel iS 

Hewetr. Lieut. RobGT Thomas . , 50 
Hewett. Lieut. Thomas Gearge . . 50 
Hewett. I .lent. Egbert John George 

Henry 53 

Hinde. Colonel 69 

Holden, Captain H^iry . . . 52, 61 
Hoovev. S eiL^ranr George . . . . 2S 
Hope. General Sir John ... 38, 39 
Howe^ the Right Hon. FarT .... 81 

Huish^ Major Mark 34 

Hurst, Bandsman Charies .... 60 
Hutchinson, Colonel John . 5, 6, 7, 8 
Hutchinson, Major George .... 5 
Hutchinson, Mrs. Lucy 5 



Jameson, Ensign John 
Johnson, Captain William 
Johnson, Sergeant George 
Johnston, Genmal James 



. .64 
12, 20 

• • 59 
. . 25 



Keetly. Corporal Samuel 60 

Kennedy, Lieutenant David Archibald 

Dalton 75 

Kent, H.R.H. The Duke of . . . .33 
Kingston, His Grace the Duke of . .43 
Kinsale, The Ri^t Hon. Lord ... 83 
Kirke, Lieut.-CoIonel John • • • . 35 

Kirkby, Ensign George 49 

Knollys, General 55, 62 

Kcenig, Bandmaster 60 



Langley, Sir Marmaduke .... 9 

Larkan, Edward, Esq 57 

Lawley, Sir Robert, Bart 22 

Lawrence, Major-General .... 63 



Index of Names. 



Leiington, The Right Hon. Lord 
Lincoln, Lieut -Colonel The Right 

Hon. the Earl of ... • 
Little wood, Lieut. Thomas ■ 
Lowe, Lieut.-Culonel Arthur Swann 

Howard . 53, 53, 60, 65, 70, 74, 75, S3 
Lowe, Major Alfred Hurst 53,62,66, 73 
Lowe, Captain Alfred Edward Lawaon 

[74. 75 
Lowe, Captain Henry Porter ... 50 

Lowe, Joseph, Esq ai 

Lowe, Alfred, Esq 74 

Lucas, Sir Charles 8 

M 

Macauley, The Right Hon, Lord . . 10 
Mackamesa, Lieut. George Evelyn . 75 

Manners, Surgeon John 20 

Mapother, Lieut. John Edward . . 43 

Markham, Sir John 3 

Martin, Captain William Bennett , . 49 
Martin, Lieutenant John (i) ... 83 
Martin, Lieutenant John (2] . 49, 50 
Matthews, Captain Thomas . 49, 50 
Maughan, Ensign John . ... 49,50 
Maydwell, Colonel H. L. . . 74, 75 

Meldnim, Sir John 8 

Melliah, Lieut-Colonel William Leigh 

[jz, 6z, 63 64, 65, 58, 69, 70, 75, 83 
Mellish, The Very Rev. Edward D.D. 70 
Melville, Major-General The Right 



Hoi 



■ 65 



Merry, William, Esq 

Middleton, The Right Hon. Lord 21, 32 
Millhouse. Corporal Robert - ... 37 
Milner, Major William Shepherd 73, 75 
Moira, The Right Hon. the Earl of . 33 
Molyneux, Sir Francis, Bart. ... 5 

Monckton, General i3 

Montresor, Captain 38 

Morley, Ensign 49 

Morrison, Drummer William ... 60 

N 
Nevile, Captain George ... 12, 13 
Newcastle, His Grace the Duke of 

[12, 15,20.21,58,59, 67 
Nicholas, Captain G9 



Orange, H.R.H. The Prince of . . .82 
Orme, Drummer Frederick .... 60 
Overend, Captain John ... 49, go 



Padley, Major Robert . 



Palgrave, Sir Francis .... 

Pal!iser, Sir Hugh 

Panmiire, The Right Hon. Lord 



Parker, Lance-Cti 



lal Diir 



Parkyns, Captain George Isham 12, i 
Parkyns, Captain Augustus . . . . r 
Parkyns, Captain Mansfield ... 5 

Patterson, Lieutenant 4 

Paulet, General The Right Hon. Lord 6 

Peart, Joshua, Esq 2 

Peel, General ...... . . 7 

Peverel. William de 

Pierrepont, Francis, Esq 

Pigot, Lieut-General 3 

Pipon, Colonel 6 

Pocklington, Lieut. -Colonel Roger 
[39. 49. 5 

Pocklington, Joseph, Esq i 

Portland, His Grace the Duke of . . i 
Fountain, Captain John Thomas 73, 7 
Price, Ensign William ... 49, 5' 
Prior, Lieut. George Redmond . . 7 
Plitchaid, Ensign William . . , . 1 
Frust, Captain Charles Bateman 

[74. 75. 7 
R 
Rawson, Lieut. Francis George . 
Kaymond, Major-General . . . 

Reeves, Sergeant 

Rein, Ensign Squire 

Richmond, Hi Grace the Duke of 
Robinson, La nee- Corporal John . 

Roche, Colonel 

Roe, John, Esq 

Rolleston, Colonel Lancelot . go, 52, 

[56, 63, 65, 69, I 
Rolleston, Christopher, Esq. . . 
Rolleston, Lieut. Loftus John . , 
Rupert, H.R,H. Prince .... 
Rutherford, Mr. Gawem .... 
Rutland, His Grace the Duke of . 



Salmon, Lieutenant 49 

Sampson, Ensign William .... 20 

Savile, Sir George, Bart n 

Scarborough, The Right Hon the 

Earl of 59, Co 

Seaton, Field- Marsh all The Right 

Hon. Lord 57, gg 

Sherbrooke, General Sir John Coape, 

G.C.B 4g 

Sherbrooke, Lieul.-Colonel William . 34 
Sherbrooke, Captain William Coape . 19 
Sherbrooke, Henry, Esq 49 



Index of Names. 



.r«, Thf Ri(;ht Hon. i 
L. Tl.r Wiijhi Hiin, L.ird . 



Tnran. Captain HxTve; CharlcB 
, TudiiT. William Esq 

Turner. Ur. Francis .... 
' Tylei. Corpora] Tbunut . . - 



\ 



.. \\^_..,% I'lE 



he Dul* »: . . , J 

>. Colour! T;,cK.;h:Ho=.l,.ri 

1. KfKn,i:>,j. ..'...[ 
1. lolin Htn:v Minnenc Es.^. jS, p 

J. KdivaTj. E.q " ! - 



TiillcTiu. Lieut. I'liilip FranLis 
'I'ullcnia, William ICdudrtl, Esq. . 
Taylor, Colunel Br<x>k .... 
Taylor, Captain John Bagshaw . 5. 
Taylor, Captain William .... 
Taylor, Corporal J.Mtph .... 
Tcrrcwctl, Major Jarae* Tomlinton 

Thumav, General 

Tbotnbaugh, Sir Fraocit .... 

Tbotvlon, Ruli«rt, Esq 

|Tlwrotoa, LiMit.-Coloncl Thoma* 
Tftcy, Captain. Litui. Jolm . . . 
')>«vor, Lieutenant Jylin Evant . 



W 

k\'aki'ftdd. LieuL Edward . 
rt-»llncc. William .... 
iValfs. H.R,H. The Prince of 
iV.klLM. Captain George . . 
rtiil^.',, Lieul. T. J. . . . 
iVnUer. i.-,;.:i,:7< LJwaid , . 
kVard. M^^->t-&t:ier2l . . . 
Aaiiuin. Lirui. Gforge Stretton 
tVG:x,m. Liem. Thomas Charles 



35. 



■Mi-kd. EnufTi Lvllleton 
jk?.Ma>w,l.H. . . 

turn, CiJi.iDE'l Alexander Boddam 
J-. w, fj. 64, 69, 70, 71, 72, 
74.7S. 
^jm. MtKU-Gentral John 
■. I.:£:-l-C,.:>Titl Sir Thomas 
- - ■ ■ 34.50. 5». 



■v!"'B-', Ck-lL^ncl Thomas . . 5E 


tl 


;;!.ams, Mi-vw WUliam Gregory . 3^ 


;Uousfc^v, C.>I«)el The Hon. Heoiy 


U>, »i, 1+. 48. 83 


:!u5,-t. Ma\v 76 


^^l->, GcnrTj] 




.0*e«-. Sir Charles, Bart. . . . 


Hi 


cniSiell. 1 ,..:..Colonel . . . 


7» 


wic^vl. ; ,i!.c CorpooJEdwarf 


60 


risht. I.. ■.;!:,«■. c. . . . 




ri^ht, Maior John Smith . . . 


14 


ri^hi. >. ... 


34 




^4 


vide. I . ^ ,; William . 


34 



APPENDIX. 



Major John CARtWRiGHT {vide page 23). The family of Cartwright is one of great 
antiquity, and once occupied a prominent position amongst the leading proprietary of 
Nottinghamshire. In the civil wars of the seventeenth century the Cartwrights were 
conspicuous for their loyalty, and, like many other families which suffered by their 
exertions in the cause of King Charles I., its possessions became diminished to a small 
portion of their original extent. Major Cartwright was of the Mamham branch of the 
family, and was born at that place in 1740, being the third of the five sons of William 
Cartwright, Esq., of Marnham Hall. In 1758 he entered the Royal Navy as a mid- 
shipman, under Lord Howe ; and, at the age of eighteen, was present at the siege of 
Cherbourg, and in the following year shared in the glorious vidory gained by Sir 
Edward Hawke over the French fleet in Quiberon Bay. About this time he gave a 
striking instance, alike of his courage and humanity, in leaping overboard from the 
deck of a ninety-gun frigate, under full sail, to save the life of a seaman who had fallen 
into the sea. In 1762 he obtained the rank of lieutenant, under Sir Hugh Palliser and 
Admiral Byron, and sailed in the *' Guernsey *' to the coast of Newfoundland, where he 
was entrusted for five years with the settlement of the various questions aflfedting the 
maritime rights of the seamen engaged in the fisheries on that coast. In 1770 he was 
compelled to leave the Navy on account of ill health, and retired to his seat at Marn- 
ham. In 1775, at the reorganisation of the regiment, he was appointed Major of the 
Nottinghamshire Militia, a position which he occupied for some years with credit to 
himself and advantage to the regiment. Although a loyal subjedl to his Sovereign, 
and a firm supporter of the military renown of his country, he was an advanced Whig 
in politics, and employed much of his time (not occupied by military duties) in writing 
political tracts and pamphlets, which at all events evinced that his capabilities as an 
author were by no means inferior. On account of his extreme and undisguised political 
principles, his right of succession to the vacant lieut.-colonelcy of his regiment was on 
several occasions set aside by the Lord-Lieutenant ; and, in 1791, having celebrated at 
an hotel in London the fall of the Bastile, and, what he termed, the triumph of liberty 
over despotism in France, his commission in the Nottinghamshire Militia was with- 
drawn, and he was dismissed from His Majesty's Service. 

In the organisation and training of the Nottinghamshire Militia, Major Cartwright 
took indefatigable pains. During two years of his service the colonel was frequently 
absent, and the lieut.-colonel never once joined, so that almost the whole condudl of 
the regiment depended upon him ; and it appears that by a system which excluded all 
unnecessary severity, but which in the mode of administration was undeviatingly 
strict, it attained to a degree of discipline which commanded universal admiration. 
Of this undeviating strictness one anecdote may be told in illustration. Perceiving 
that at the first setting out on the march of the Nottinghamshire Militia from Hull to 
Portsmouth, the men were somewhat inclined to loiter in a manner inconsistent with 
military discipline, the Major assured them that he should find means to prevent such 
irregularity for the future. The offence was, nevertheless, repeated the next day, and 
was passed without comment from the Major ; but, just as the regiment came in view 
of their quarters for the night, he gave the order to turn about, and, without making 
any remark, marched the men three miles back, thus adding six miles to the fatigues 
of the day. It need hardly be added that the punishment had due effe6k. 

In Odlober, 1779, Major Cartwright drew out a plan for the defence of Portsmouth, 
which met with general approval ; and some of the most important of his suggestions 
were at once carried out. The Major also deserves remembering as being one of the 
first officers who procured great coats to be issued to the British soldiery — a comfort 
which he obtained for them after repeated applications. Even after his commission 
in the Nottinghamshire Militia was withdrawn he occupied considerable time in 
drawing plans of fortifications, and schemes for simplifying military manoeuvres. 



82 Appendix. 



About the time of the State trials, in 1794, he wrote his principal work, entitled 
**The Commonwealth in Danger," which attraded considerable notice at the time. 
In August, 1820, he was committed for trial at Warwick; and, being found guilty, was 
fined ;Cioo for the part he took in fiditioosly eleding (as a political experiment) 
Sir Charles Wolsey, Bart., as a member of Parliament for the borough of Birmingham, 
at a great public meeting. Major Cartwright's death occurred in 1824, and his 
remains lie interred in a vaulfin the old parish church at Finchley, in Middlesex. 

Ensign Sempronius Stretton {vide page 30). This distinguished officer was the 
eldest son of William Stretton, Esq., of Lenton Priory, in the county of Nottingham, 
and was bom in Nottingham in the year 175 1. He obtained a commission as ensign 
in the Nottinghamshire Militia in 1800, joining the head-quarters of the regiment at 
Dumfries. He afterwards became an ensign in the 6th (Royal First Warwickshire) 
Regiment of Foot, and in about a year was promoted to the rank of lieutenant in the 
49th (Hertfordshire) Regiment. He accompanied the 49th to Canada, and had the 
good fortune to serve under the command of Lieut.-General Brock, who afterwards 
fell, fighting gallantly, at the brilliant a^on of Queenstown Heights, in Upper Canada. 
Lieutenant Stretton benefitted much by the experience which he gained from this 
distinguished officer, who frequently sele^d him to ad as his aide-de-camp in his 
visits to the upper country, to meet the Indian chiefs in council. Having obtained a 
captaincy in the 40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment, he was employed for some time 
on recruiting service in England. In 181 2 he proceeded with his regiment to Lisbon, 
and joined the army of the Peninsula, under Wellington. His first encounter with the 
enemy was at the glorious vidory at Vittoria, on June the 21st, 1813. His regiment 
afterwards took part in the investment of Pampeluna, and the numerous brilliant adiions 
which followed during the passage of the Pyrenees. On July the 28th of that same 
year, Captain Stretton received the special thanks of Lord Wellington, conveyed to 
him through His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange, for the gallant defence made 
by the 40th under his command, supported by Portuguese troops, in defending the key 
of the position on the heights before Pampeluna. For this service he obtained the 
brevet rank of major, and a gold medal. He was present in the numerous adions with 
the French which terminated in the Battle of Toulouse, and the abdication of 
Napoleon. After returning to England, he accompanied the 40th in the expedition to 
New Orleans, in 1814, and narrowly escaped death, being shipwrecked with a detach- 
ment of his regiment in the " Baring" transport, in Bantry Bay. He took part in the 
disastrous Mississipi expedition ; and, having returned to England, accompanied the 
40th to Flanders, and joined the army assembled near Brussels just in time to partici- 
pate in the ever memorable vidory of Waterloo. On the arrival of the allies into 
Paris, Lord Wellington, in acknowledgment of Major Stretton's services, appointed 
him commandant of the 5th Arrondisement of that city, a post he held for some con- 
siderable time. He obtained also the brevet rank of lieut. -colonel. For some years 
he commanded the 40th Regiment, but, on that corps being ordered to New South 
Wales, he retired upon half-pay. He attained the rank of colonel in the Army, and 
was made one of the military Companions of the Order of the Bath. He received the 
Waterloo medal, as well as the gold medal for distinguished service ; but, his death 
occurring before the distribution of the Peninsula medal, prevented him from partici- 
pating in that tardy reward. Colonel Stretton was twice married ; first to the Hon. 
Catherine Jane Massey, daughter of General the Right Hon. Lord Clarina; and 
secondly to the Hon. Anne Handcock, daughter of the Right Hon. Viscount Castle- 
maine, but left no issue. He died at Croydon, February the 6th, 1842, in the 62nd 
year of his age ; and lies buried in the churchyard of Bromley, in Kent, where a plain 
monument marks his last earthly resting-place. In Salter's celebrated painting of the 
Waterloo banquet, Colonel Stretton is represented as occupying a prominent position 
amongst the assembled heroes. Through the various ad^ions in which he was 
engaged Colonel Stretton escaped unwounded ; but he had many narrow escapes. In 
the Pyrenees he had one of his epaulettes shot away, and his charger was shot in the 
head whilst he was engaged in storming and taking a bridge from the enemy at 



Appendix. 83 



Toulouse. At Waterloo, also, his charger was killed under him. In allusion to this, 
the inscription upon a cenotaph to his memory in the old churchyard at Lenton, in 
Nottinghamshire, thus appropriately terminates: — **0 God, my Lord, the strength 
of my salvation. Thou hast covered my head in the day of battle. Glory be to Thee, 
O Lord." 

Ensign Severus William Lynham Stretton {vide page 39). Ensign Stretton, 
the only brother of the above-mentioned officer, entered the Nottinghamshire Militia in 
1810, joining the regiment at Plymouth a short time before it was ordered for service 
in Ireland. In 1812 he became an ensign in the 68th (Durham) Regiment of Light 
Infantry, and joined that regiment in Portugal. At the Battle of Vittoria he was very 
severely wounded by two musket balls lodged in the body. He was removed to 
England in a very precarious state, and his wounds have ever since been a source of 
great trouble and bodily pain. He was unable to rejoin his regiment until after the 
conclusion of the war. Having obtained a captaincy, he exchanged into the 64th (2nd 
Staffordshire) Regiment, of which he became lieut.-colonel in 1842. In 1848 he 
exchanged into his brother's old regiment, the 40th, and continued in command of that 
corps until 1852, when he retired upon half- pay. He was afterwards for some years 
lieut.-colonel of the Hampshire Regiment of Militia. Lieut.-Colonel Stretton was 
awarded the Peninsula medal, and he is also in receipt of a pension for his wounds. 
In 185 1 he married the Hon. Catherine Adela de Courcy, daughter of the Right Hon. 
Lord Kinsale. 



A complete list of those officers who passed from the Royal Sherwood Foresters 
into regiments of the Line, and served against the French, previous to the disembodi- 
ment of the regiment, in the year 1814, should be appended to this Regimental Record ; 
but, unfortunately, the regiment possesses no documents from which such a list could 
be compiled. The following very imperfedk list is all that can be obtained from avail- 
able sources : — 

became Ensign (6th Foot) in 1800. 

Lieutenant (45th Foot) „ 1807. 



Ensign Sempronius Stretton . 
Lieutenant Richard Jones CoUey 
Ensign George Raynes . . . 
Lieutenant Hugh Forbes . . 
Lieutenant John Evans Trevor 
Ensign Daniel Stewart . . . 
Lieutenant John Martin. . . 
Ensign Severus W. L. Stretton 
Lieutenant Francis Beardsley 
Captain Charles Edward Gould 
Ensign Lyttleton Westwood . 
Captain George E. Boulton . 



>» 
i» 

M 
»» 

»» 
>» 
»> 
11 
}> 



Ensign (40th Foot) „ 1807. 

Lieutenant (45th Foot) „ 1809. 

Ensign (45th Foot) „ i8og. 

Ensign (45th Foot) ,, i8og. 

Lieutenant (i St Foot) ,, 181 -. 

Ensign (68th Foot) „ 1812. 

Ensign (45th Foot) „ 1813. 

Captain (Foot Guards) „ 1813. 

Ensign (14th Foot) ,, 1813. 

Captain (14th Foot) „ 1813. 



SUCCESSION OF COMMANDING OFFICERS. 

Colonel the Right Hon. Lord George Sutton . . . appointed 1775 . died 1783. 

Colonel the Hon. Henry Willoughby ,, 1783 .resigned 1791. 

Colonel Edward Thoroton Gould promoted 1791 . „ 1819. 

Colonel Henry Coape „ 1819 . „ 1825. 

Colonel John Gilbert-Cooper-Gardiner ,, 1825 . died 1833. 

Colonel Lancelot Rolleston appointed 1833 . „ 1862. 

Lieut.-Colonel William Leigh Mellish succeeded 1862 . ,, 1864. 

Lieut.-Colonel Alexander Boddam-Whetham . . . promoted 1864 . retired 187 1. 

Lieut.-Colonel Arthur Swann Howard Lowe ... ,, 1871 .nowincomnd. 



FINIS. 



ir. Mitchell &* Co., Printers, 39, CJmring Cross. 



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