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i'- 



HISTORICAL RECORDS 



OK THK 



32nd (Cornwall) Light Infantry, 



printed at the 

"bremner" printin(; works, 

devon port 



■ I 



• * 1 ' 

l^uCi t .' r ■■"■■■* ***■ 



Historical Eecoeds 



OF THE 



32nd (CORNWALL) LIGHT INFANTRY, 



NOW THE 



DUKE OF CORNWALL'S LL, 

FROM THE FORMATION OF THE REGIMENT 

IN 1702 DOWN TO 1892. 



domfiitb anb (Bbiitb b^ 

O O Xi O XT 22 X< Gh. O. S -^^ I IT BJ -Sr , 

J^roM the Orderly Room Records aiid other sources. 



SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, HAMILTON, KENT, & Co., Limited, 

32 Paternoster Row. 

A. H. SVVLSS, 111 & 112 Fore Street. 

1893. 



.'bu 




tURING the time that I was connected with the 
3;3nd Regiment I frequently heard it deplored 
that there were no printed Historical Records of the 
Regiment. As the generation of those who wore the 
old number. 32, is rapidly passing away, I felt that it 
could not longer be delayed, and undertook to do what 
I could to supply the deficiency. 1 feel sure the 
kindly indulgence which I have experienced so often 
in the past from my old brother officers will be extended 
to me on the present occasion, and that they will over- 
look any shortcomings and help to supply the omis- 
sions in some future edition. 

The idea has been to give an account of the regiment 
from the time it was raised in 1702 as Marines, and 
continue it year by year up to the time when it became 
the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, and then, 
under its present title, up to the present time. 

The fact of the Records having been lost on three 
occasions has added much to the difficulty. 1 tender 
my very best thanks to my friend. Captain F. M. Lowe, 
Royal Artillery, for his kindness in making numerous 
researches to {ill up gaps in the Records. Captain 
Lowe has throughout taken a great interest in this 
history, from the fact of his grandfather, Major Ross- 
Lewi n, having served for so many years in the 



regiment, during perhaps almost the most interesting 
period of its existence, viz., the Peninsular war. 

To Mr. Milne, of Calverley House, near Leeds, I 
am also very much obliged for his interesting account 
of the various uniforms worn by the regiment, and for 
his kind assistance in the preparation of the difTerenl 
coloured plates, and for many useful hints which his 
long experience has suggested. 

To Mrs. Martin-Atkins, daughter of General John- 
son, I am much indebted for the loan of her father's 
portrait and his interesting diary. To Mr. T. Hyde- 
Drake I am specially grateful tor his efforts on my 
behalf, and many others, who, I hope, will allow me 
here to thank them for their assistance rendered. 

In conclusion, I need hardly say that the self- 
imposed task has been a labour of love. Twenty-one 
of the happiest years of my life were spent In the 
regiment, and although many of those who served with 
me are no longer here, yet it is pleasant to think that 
the sad duty of recording their names on the rolls of 
honour have fallen on an old comrade and friend. 

G. C. SWINEY. 



ind January, iSgj. 




{ vii ) 



CONTENTS. 



VBAR PACB 

1701 Introduction — First period 1 

1702 Raising of the regiment 4 

First roll of officers 32nd Regiment - - . . 5 

Expedition against Cadiz 8 

1703 As Marines, under Sir Cloudesley Shovel - - - 13 

1704 Surprise of Gibraltar and its capture - - - - 16 

Defence of Gibraltar 17 

Death of Brigadier General Fox - . . . 18 

1706 Attempt to storm the Round Tower - . . . 19 

1706 Action near Balbastro 22 

Operations against the West coast of France - - 22 

1708 Siege of Denia 24 

1710 Expedition against Isle of Cette 25 

1713 32nd Regiment disbanded 26 

1715 32nd Regiment reinstated 26 

1716 32nd Regiment on the Irish Establishment - - 27 

1734 Landed at Bristol 27 

1738 Colonel T. Paget transferred to 22nd Foot - - 29 

1743 Action near Dettingen 31 

1744 Attempted invasion of England 32 

1746 Campaign commenced — Fontenoy - . . . 33 

1746 French repulsed on the Jaar 38 

1747 Battle of Maestricht Plain 41 

1756 War with France 46 

1773 Death of General Francis Leighton - . - . 46 

Extract from General Johnson's diary . - . 49 

1796 St. Domingo — Siege of Burgos 51 

1807 Copenhagen — Danish Fleet 56 

1808 Spanish revolution 60 

Battle of Roleia 61 

Battle of Vimiera 63 

1809 Battle of Corunna 68 

Extracts from Captain Evclegh's diary - - - - 70 

1810 Walcheren Expedition 77 



Vlll iCONTtNTS. 

1611 Peninsula — efTecCs on Regiment 

1812 Siege of Rodrigo 

Battle of Salamanca .... 

Account of Thomas Palmer 

1812 Siege of Burgos 

1813 Death of General James Ogilvie 

Battle of the Pyrenees ... - 

Battle of Nivelle 

Battle of the Nive 

1814 Battle of Orthes 

1804 Formation of 2nd Battalion ■ 

Battle of Quatre Bras . . . . 

1815 Battle of Waterloo .... 

1816 Return of the Rcgimcm . . - - 

1819 The Citadel Barracks at Corfu 

1820 Garrison orders 

Extract from general order 

Major Sir J. F. Dillon . . . . 

1829 Regiment inspected .... 

1831 Celebration of the King's birthday 

1838 Repmeni frozen in .... 

1839 Regiment in New London . . . . 

1847 Retirement of Major George Browne 

1848 The Regiment in India . . . . 

Siege of Mooltan 

Battle of Goojerat 

1852 Regiment at Peshawar - - - . 

The Indian Mutiny 

Horse Guards leiiers .... 

General Edmondstounc . . . . 

1858 The Regiment at Cawiiporc - 

1877 The Regiment at the Cape of Good Hope ■ 

1881 Formation of Territorial Regiments 

1882 Death of Major-General lla^sano 

1883 Brevet Major Cochrane at Hong-Kong - 

1885 Death of Lieutenant Homfray - 

Presentation uf New Colours 

Embarkation of battalion for Malta 

1886 Colonel G. C. Swiney assumed command 



CONTKXTS 



IX 



YKAR PAGE 

1887 Death of Lieutenant J. T. Bowles .... 235 

Death of Lieutenant A. E. Bassano . . . - 236 

Embarkation of battalion for India - - - . 236 

1890 Memorial windows in Bodmin church ... - 237 

1889 H.R.H. Prince Albert Victor, K.G. at Madras - - 240 

1890 The Regiment ordered to Burmah - - - - 240 

1891 The Wuncho expedition 241 

The Manipur disaster 241 

Major Disney-Roebuck gazetted as successor to Colonel 

J. G. B. Stopford 241 

1892 Death of Lieutenants V'yvyan and Hill - - - 242 

Death of Lieutenant H. J. G. Lambe - - - - 242 

1882 Services 2nd Battalion Duke of Corn wall's L.I. - - 244 
Engagements of El Magfar, Tel-el- Mahuta, and 

Massamch 244 

Actions at Kassassin 244 



1702-1881. 

Notes on the costume and equipments 



245 



APPENDIX. 

Battle of Chinhut 2«7 

The Burmese bell at Bodmin 270 

Roll of officers and men present at the engagement of Waterloo 276 

Casualty return — battle of Salamanca 289 

Notes on services of 32ndjn defence of Lucknow - - 290 

Expenses of a Marine regiment in 1702 295 

Establishment and rates of pay, 32nd Regiment, in 1762 - 295 

Rolls of officers from Army Lists, etc. 299 

Regimental march and Cornish motto 314 

Victoria Cross roll 314 

Biographies of colonels 315 

Memoirs of officers 3,37 

Services of the officers 343 

List of warrant officers, D.C.L.I. 386 

List of original subscribers 



(O 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



The Photogravures are by the Typographic Etching Company. 

The Coloured Plates of Costumes are all from reliable sources, 
and every care has been taken to copy faithfully the work of the 
original artists. 



FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Artist. 
From 



Monument in Exeter Cathedral- - 



Private, 1742 



Grenadier, 1751 



Grenadier, 1768 



Earl Ross, 1781 
Officer, 1792- 

Officer, 1808 
Private, 18U 



Photogra 



From an 



iph. ] 



Frontispiece. 



- Original in ^To face p. 30 
\ British Museum, ^ 



David Morier. 

' Copied from a MS.^ 

Work in the 

Prince Consort^s 

Library 

at Alders hot. 

After an 
Oil Painting. 

E. Dayes. 

From 

Contemporary 

Evidences. 

From 

Contemporary 

Evidences. 



I 



Captain Cassan, 1815. (Uniform i From an 
fully described on page 254.) y Oil Painting. 



\ 



Officer (Levde Dress), 1828 



f 
1 



From 

Contemporary 

Evidefices. 



» 



fi 



i> 



}) 



}) 



»> 



)i 



» 



44 



4G 



50 

48 

58 



102 



118 



142 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



XI 



Captain Thomas Impctt 



Officer, 1840 



Private, 1851 (Light Company) 



General Sir J. Inglis, K.C.B. 



Artist. 

J From an 

\ Engra^nng, 

From 

Contemporary 

Evidences. 

f From 1 

-| Contemporary Y 
I Evidences. J 

I From a 

I Photograph by 
I Mayall. 

{ From a Picture^ \ 
Colour-Sergeant, 1859 (Light J drawn for 

Infantry) . . . . | Her Majesty, by 

V Thomas, 

Memorial Windows in Bodmin \ From a \ 

Church ( Photograph, J 



To face p. 144 



»> 



n 



>» 



») 



M 



148 



156 



174 



214 



238 



ILLUSTRATIONS IN TEXT. 



Plan of Cadiz and Neighbourhood 
(ieneral Johnson 
Major Henry Ross-I^win 
Private Thomas Palmer - 
Major Wallett .... 
Major Sir J. F. Dillon 
Ceneral Edmondstoune 
Private Soldier's Button, 1795 . 
Officer's Gilt Button, 1815 - 
Officer's Breastplate, 1815 
Officer's Shako-plate, 1816-24 
Officer's Breastplate, 1817-28 - 
Officer's Breastplate, 1824-54 
Officer's Shako-plate, 1830-45 - 
Officer's Shako-plate, 1845-55 



page 


y 


i» 


49 


n 


56 


i> 


88 


>> 


115 


n 


140 


>i 


206 


n 


250 


>> 


253 


>> 


254 


»> 


257 


)i 


257 


>> 


259 


»j 


259 


i> 


263 



( -^ii ) 



SUCCESSION OF COLONELS OF THE 32Nr) REGIMENT. 



Name. 


Date of Appoin 


tment 


Edward Fox . - - - 


12th Feb., 


1702 


Jacob Borr - - - . 


6th Dec, 


1704 


Charles Dubourgay - 


28th June, 


1723 


Thomas Paget 


28th July, 


1732 


Simon Descury 


16th Dec, 


1738 


John Huske 


25th Dec, 


1740 


Henry Skelton 


27th Aug., 


1743 


William Douglas 


29th May, 


1746 


Francis Leighton 


1st Dec, 


1747 


Robert Robinson 


11th June, 


1773 


William Amherst 


18th Oct., 


1775 


Lord Ross - - - - 


17th May, 


1781 


James Ogilvie - - - - 


4th Sept, 


1802 


Alexander Campbell - 


15th Feb., 


1813 


Sir S. V. Hinde, K.C.B. - 


28th Feb., 


1832 


Sir R. Macfarlane, K.C.B - 


26th Sept., 


1837 


Sir J. Buchan, K.C.B. - 


12th June, 


1843 


Sir R. Armstrong, K.C.B. - 


26th June, 


1860 


Sir W. Cotton, G.C.B., K.C.H. 


17th April, 


1854 


Sir John Inglis, K.C.B. 


5th May, 


1860 


Lord Melville, K.C.B. - 


17th Oct., 


1862 


Sir G. Brown, G.C.B. - 


1st April, 


1863 


William George Gold 


28th Aug., 


1865 


Sir G. Bell, K.C.B. - - 


2nd Feb., 


1867 


Lord F. Paulet, C.B. 


3rd Aug., 


1868 


Sir W. Jones, K.C.B. - 


2nd Jan., 


1871 



For 
Biography^ 
see page 

- 315 

316 

- 316 
317 

- 318 
318 

- 319 
320 

- 320 
321 

- 321 
322 

- 322 
323 

- 324 
326 

- 326 

327 

- 328 
329 

- 330 
331 

- 332 
332 

- 334 
335 



TH?: DUKE OK CORNWALL'S LIGHT INFANTRY. 

First Battalion, 
John Thomas Hill - - - 8th April, 1890 - 

Second Baitaliott. 
Charies Stuart - - - - August, 1881 

(Colonel 46th Foot, 20th June, 1870.) 



336 



336 



( xiii ) 



SUCCESSION LIST OF LIEUTENANT-COLONELS 
COMMANDING THE 32nd REGIMENT, 

1842 TO 188(), 

AND SINCE ITS FORMATION INTO TWO BATTALIONS 

IN 188L 



1842-92. 



Name. FIRST H A T T A 1. 1 O N . Became Senior in 

BatiahoH. 

Frederick Markham 22nd July, 1842 

Richard Tyrrell Robert Pattoun - - 5th Dec, 1843 

Henry Vaughan Brooke 13th Sept., 1848 

Sir John Eardley Wihnot Inglis ... 7th June, 1849 

Charles Assheton Fitz-Hardinge Berkeley - - 13th Dec, 1850 

James Dodington Carmichael ... - 26th Nov., 1857 

Edward W. D. Lowe 20th Sept., 1858 

Granville George Chetwynd Stapylton - - 25th Sept., 1860 

Patrick Johnston 1st April, 1866 

Hon. Bernard M. Ward 12th June, 1869 

Hon. Ra>Tnond Harvey dc Montmorency - - 14th June, 1876 

THK nUKK OK CORNWALL'S LIGHT INFANTRY. 

First Battalion. 

Hcnr>' Sparke Stabb 29th June, 1881 

(ieorgc Clayton Swincy 29th June, 1886 

John G. B. Stopford 1st July, 1887 

Francis H. .\. Disney-Roebuck ... - 1st July, 1891 

Second fnUtalion. 

William S. Richardson, C B. 1st July, 1881 

Frank Grieve 26th July, 1885 

William E. Roberts 31st July, 1889 

SrccKssioN or Likptknant-Colonkls Commanding Third 

I Battalion sinck thk formation of the Rf.(;imi:nt 

IN Thrkk Battalions in 1881. 

Lord St. Levan 1st May, 1882 

Edward St. Aulnn 16th Feb., 1884 

Hon. G. C. Eliot • - ... 29th June, 1889 



HISTORICAL RECORDS 

OF THE 

32nd Eegiment, 



FIRST PERIOD. 
From date of Raising to Peace of Utrecht. 




INTRODUCTORY. 

»T will be necessary before proceeding with the History of the 
Thirty-Second Regiment, to give a short sketch of the 
state of Europe and the events which gradually led to the 
increase of our standing army ; for, up to the period when this 
history commences, viz. : — 1702, there was only a very small regular 
Army,* our standing force being the Navy, and all, or nearly all, the 
troops were raised as adjuncts of that service, and trained on board 
ship, to be landed as occasion demanded. Up to this period 
England can hardly be said to have had any position as a mercantile 
nation, and it was to push our trade that most of our wars from this 
period are to be traced. There was little sentiment/ but shrewd 
common sense was the guiding star of the nation, and led to most 
important results. 

The Continental warsf in which England was engaged after the 
deposition of James II. were rendered necessary to some extent by 
the tremendous power of France under Louis XIV. William III. 



* It was not until 1689 that it became necessary to pass a measure for the 
regulation of the army, i.e.y the first Mutiny Act. 
t Gibbon, Imius.'rial History of England, 

6 



3 HISTORtCAt. RECORns OF THK 

saw it was inevitabie for the interests of England that Louis XIV. 
(1643-1713) should be checked, and the war of the Spanish succes- 
sion, "fruitful in great actions and important results,"* 1702-13, 
was carried on with the object of preventing that king from joining 
the resources of Spain to those of his own kingdom. For, had he 
done so, two disaslrous results would have happened : the Sluarls 
would by his help have been restored lo the English throne, and the 
struggle against absolute monarchy and religious tyranny would have 
had to have been fought over again. Secondly, the growth of 
English commerce would have been cheeked, if not uiierly annihilated. 

On the death of William III,, his policy was adopted by his suc- 
cessor. Queen Anne, who entered into treaties of alliance with the 
Emperor of Germany, the Slates General of the United Provinces, 
and other princes and potentates, for preserving the liberty and 
balance of power in Europe, and for defeating the ambitious views 
of France. 

The naval and military forces of the country were not sufficiently 
strong lo stand the strain of a prolonged campaign, or indeed any 
campaign at all ; it therefore became necessary to raise men to meet 
any danger that might threaten the country. 

A regiment which had been originally raised for sea service during 
the reign of Charles II., under the title of the Admiral's Regiment, had 
been incorporaled in the 2nd Foot Guards (now Coldstream) by 
William III. Two Marine regiments which hnii 1 een raised for sea 
service about the same time, and had been disbanded in 1698, were 
again raised in 1703. 

On the commencement of hostilities in 1703 with France and 
Spain, both of which nations possessed powerful fleets, as well as 
numerous armies, the British parliament felt ihe expediency of 
enabling the Queen to increase the efficiency of her navy by forming 
corps of Marines, which could act at sea as well as on land.t Six 
regiments were accordingly added in the year 1702 to the regular 
army as marine corps, and six other of the regular regiments of 



* C«nnon, Historital Rieerds 0/311! KegimtHl. 
f Cannon, llisloriml Rtcttdt of Marine Corfs. 



32nd regiment. 3 

infantry were appointed for sea service. The six regiments of 



irines were* : — 






Colonel Thomas Saunderson's 


■ • • 


afterwards 30th. 


„ George Villiers' 


• • • 


„ 31st. 


„ Edward Fox's 


• • • 


„ 32nd. 


„ Harry Mordaunt's ... 


• • • 


disbanded 1713. 


„ Henry Holt's 


• • • 


1713. 


„ Viscount Shannon's ... 


• • • 


1713. 


The six regiments of foot for sea 


service were :— 


Colonel Ventris Columbine's 


• • • 


afterwards 6th Foot. 


,, Thomas Erie's .. 


■ • • 


,. 19th „ 


,, Gustavus Hamilton's ... 


• • • 


„ 29th „ 


,, Lord Lucas' 


• • • 


,. 34th „ 


,, . Earl of Donegal's 


• • • 


„ 35th „ 


,, Lord Charlemont's 


• • 1 


„ 36th „ 



Her Majesty's order for levying this body of men was contained in 
the following Royal Warrant, dated 1st June, 1702 : — 

"Our pleasure is, that this establishment of six regiments of 
" marines, and six other regiments for sea service, do commence and 
** take place from the respective times of raising. 

" And our further pleasure is, that the order given by our dearest 
" brother the late king, deceased, and such orders as are, or shall be, 
** given by us, touching the payt or entertainment of our said forces, 
" or any of them, or any charges thereunto belonging, shall be duly 
" complied with, and that no new charge be added to this establish- 
" ment without being communicated to our High Treasurer, or 
** Commissioners of our Treasury for the time being, 

" Given at our court at S. James's, on the first day of June, in the 
" first year of our reign. 

" By Her Majesty's command. 

" GODOLPHIN." 



* At this period regiments were called after the names of their respective 
colonels. On the let July, 1751, a Royal Warrant was issued, on the recommend- 
ation of Boards of General Officers, numbering the infantry regiments of the 
British army in order of seniority, as it was found that calling them by the names 
of their colonels led to confusion. It will, however, make it clearer if the number 
to which each regiment mentioned succeeded is placed after the colonel's name. 

t For rale of pay see Appendix, 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



Rules and intitructions fur the better government of the Marine 
regiments were issued by authority of Her Majesty Queen Anne on 
1st July, 1702. in which it was directed — "thai when on shote. 
" they were to be quartered in the vicinity of the dock-yards, in order 
•' to guard them from embezzlement, or from any attempt that might 
" be made on them by an enemy." 

Full instructions were also given as to their pay, subsistence, and 
clothing, which directed that the same deductions should be made 
for clothing as was usual in the land forces. Also ihjt one day's 
pay in every yeai be deducted from officers and soldiers for the 
hospital. 

When on board ship they were to have an equal proportion of 
provisions with the seamen, without any deductions from iheir pay, 
the soldiers receiving short allowance money like seamen. 

The Marine forces having been placed under the control of the 
Lord High Admiral by Her Majesty Queen Anne, His Royal 
Highness was pleased, in 1702, to nominate Colonel William 
Seymour, of the 4th Foot, to superintend the whole, with the rank of 
brigadiet-general, whose peculiar duties were to observe that the 
men were comfortably quartered, that the officers were attentive in 
their respective departments, and that the marine soldiers — when 
embarked on board of ship, weresupplied with proper sea-clothes etc. 
When actually afloat, the marines were under the command of the 
naval officers of the ship. 

1702. 
EalBlng of tbe Begiment. 

On 13th March, 1702, a Royal Warrant was issued, authorising 
Colonel Edward Fox to raise a regiment of Marines, to consist 
of twelve companies, with two sergeants, three corporals, two 
drummers, and fifty-nine privates each ; one sergeant extra for 
grenadier company, besides officers. 

I venture to think that I am justified in recording the names as they 
appear in the- official list, although they appear again in the Appendix, 
from the fact that they are the founders of the regiment which has 
added so much to the lustre of the British army. 



32nd regiment. 



LIST OF THE OFFICERS IN COLONEL EDWARD 

FOX'S REGIMENT OF MARINES,* 

dated loth March^ 1702 ; except the field officers' commissions that 
were signed by the late King the 12th of February before. 



Oaptaini: 

Col. Edwd. Fox 
Lt.-Col. p. Howard 
Major Jacob Borr 
Humph. Corey 
Fra. FoulA 
ROBT. Kempe 

Cha. Monger 

JNO. WiLDBORE 
RiCHD. OXENDEN 
jNO. GiGNOUX 
RiCHD. COBHAM 

Wm. Helmsley 

(Grenadiers) 



iBtLlentenanti: 

Capt.-Lt. Wm. Lee 
Jas. Stewart 
Cha. Bourgh 
Daniel Sinault 
Hen. Harris 
Tho. Browne 
J no. Bourgh 

RiCHD. MULLINS 

RicHD. Allison 
Barnaby Bowtell 
Adrian Van Alphen 
Rixton Darby 



SndLlentenanti: 

Tho. Skinner 
Hen. Brooks 
Peter Colbourne 
Tho. Pretty 
Isaac Duplex 
Isaac Drouart 
r. collingwood 
Edwd. Atkinson 
Fra. Gincks 
J no. Dowier 
Jas. Collyar 
Tho. Porter. 



staff Offlcen: 

Hen. Harris, Adjutant. Richd. Mullins, Quarter- Master. 

Tho. Heskith, Chaplain. 

Their arms were the same as those of other foot regiments. t 
("olonel Fox appears to have obtained his recruits in Sussex and 
the adjacent counties ; the War Office Marching Books of 1702 direct 
the Corps to assemble at their respective quarters, preparatory to 
moving to Portsmouth, not later than the 11th April, 1702. 

From the same source, it appears that Fox's marines were at 
Arundel, Midhurst, Liphook, Halleck, Steyning, Terring, Godalming, 
and Guildford. 



* From the Home Office Series Military Entry Book^ vol. iv., p. 386, 
at the Public Record Office. 

t Cftnnon, Historical Records of Marine Corps y see 31st Foot. 



6 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

On 13th May, 1703, the follgwing order was addressed to Colonel 
Edward Fox : 

" Anne R. 

"Oar will and pleasure is that, so soon as you shall have 
■' received terns out of the stores of our ordnance, you shall cause our 
" said regiment to march from its present quarters, according to the 
" route hereunto annexed, to Portsmouth, whence they will pass over 
" to the Isle of Wight, and there encamp at such places as shall be 
" appointed by our trusty and well-beloved Anthony Morgan, Esq., 
" Lieutenant-Governor of our said Island. And that you follow all 
"such orders, in respect of your embarkation with the said regiment, 
"as you shall receive from our Right trusty and Right entirely well 
" beloved Couain and Counsellor, James, Dukcof Ormoud. And thai 
" the otScers take care that the soldiers behave civilly, and pay their 
" I,andlords. And all Magestrales, Justices of the Peace, Head- 
" boroughs, constables, and others— our officers— to be assisting to 
" this same by imprissing carriages, or in other ways as there may be 
"occasion, 

"Given under our hand, etc., etc., 

" By her Majesty's Command." 

The movement was preparatory to the despatch of the expedition 
against Cadiz, war having been declared against France and Sjiain 
on 4ih May, 1702, (old style) and had been originally planned by the 
late King William. The command had been entrusted to the Duke 
of Ormond, " a man of high character and considerable attainments, 
" but nature had by no means marked him out for a statesman or a 
" soldier,"* 

Extract from BovtR's Annals of Queen Aiuu, vol. i., p. 41). 

" 1703.— On the 2nd June, at night. Prince George of Denmark arriv'd 
"at Portsmouth, where he was receiv'd both by the Magesiratcs and the 
" Gnvemour of that Place, with all the Honour and Respect due lo his 
" Royal Birth, his Station, and the dear Conaort of her Majesty. The 



32nd regiment. 7 

"next day his Royal Highness went to the Isle of Wight, re view'd the 
" Forces encamp'd there, which he found in very good order, particularly 
" the new raised Regiments of the Lord Shannon and Colonel Fox, who 
" perform'd their exercises uncomparably well." 

The armament consisted of a powerful fleet of English and Dutch 
men-of war under Sir Admiral George Rooke, with seventeen thousand 
troops on board under Sir H. Bellasis and the Dutch General Sparre, 
and was composed as follows : — 



MEN. 

275 
766 
834 

834 
834 



Lloyd's Dragoons (now 3rd Hussars) 

Detachments 1st and 2nd Foot Guards 

Bellasis' Foot (afterwards 2nd Queen's) 

Churchill's Foot (afterwards 3rd Buffs) 

Seymour's Foot (afterwards 4th King's) 

Columbine's Sea Service Foot (afterwards 6th Royal Regt.) 724 

O'Hara's Foot (afterwards 7th Fusiliers) three companies ... 313 

Erie's Sea Service Foot (afterwards 19th Foot) 724 

G. Hamilton's Sea Service Foot (afterwards 20th Foot) ... 724 
Villiers Marines (afterwards 31st Foot) five companies ... 620 

Fox's Marines (afterwards 32nd Foot) 834 

Lord Donegal's Sea Service Foot (afterwards 36th Foot) ... 724 
Lord Charleville's Sea Service Foot (afterwards 36th Foot) 724 
Lord Shannon's Marines 834 



Total 9663 

Dutch Troops ... 3924 



Grand Total ... 13677 



The expeditionary fleet consisted of fifty sail of the line (thirty 
English, twenty Dutch) under Sir George Rooke. English fleet : 
Vice-Admiral Thomas Hopson and Rear-Admirals Fairborne and 
Graydon. Dutch fleet : Lieutenant-Admiral Van Allemond ; Vice- 
.\dmirals Callenburg, Vandei^os, and Pieterson, and Rear-Admiral 
Wassenaer. 

English land forces, about ten thousand men, commanded by the 
Duke of Ormond. Under him were Lieutenant-General Sir Henry 
Bellasis; Major Generals Sir Charles O'Hara and Lord Portmore; 
and Brigadier-Generals Seymour (commanding marines), Matthews 
(commanding the guards), and Gustavus Hamihon. Staff Officers : 
Adjutant-General, Major Joslin ; Quarter- Master, Colonel Sir Thomas 



HISTOHICAL RECORDS OK THE 

Smith ; Chief Engineer and Commandant of 'I'rain, Colonel Carles. 

Dutch: about four thousand men, under Major-General Baron 
Sparre and Brigadier-Genera! Pallant. 

The fleet and transports, numbering one hundred and sixty ships, 
sailed from Spilhead 12th July, 1702, (new slyle). From an extract of 
the orders given to Sir G. Rooke and the Duke of Ormond, they 
were told "to reduce and take ihe town and island of Cadiz, or if 
" this appeared for any reason impossible, Vigo, Ponte Vedra, 
" Corunna, or aily place belonging to Spain or France, as shall be 
"judged proper." 

The garrison of Cadiz at this time consisted of nine regiments of 
infantry, wiih about one thousand cavalry, besides militia for coast 
defence. 

The fortifications were fairly strong, and between the puntals w.is 
a chain boom, behind which were drawn up seven French men-of-war 
and eight galleys. On the Matagorda puntal was a fort of twelve 
guns, and on the opposite point a castle with thrice that aripainent. 
Along the shores were several batteries. The fortress was in good 
order and well supplied. The Governor of Cadiz was the Due dc 
Brancacio ; the Viceroy of Andalusia and " General of the Coasts " 
was the Marquis de Villadarias. 

On a^rd July, 1702, (new style) the fleet anchored in the Bay of 
Bulls Ormond strongly advocated an immediate landing in one of 
these bays, but he was resolutely opposed by Rooke, who was alarmed 
for the safety of his ships, and feared that if it came on to blow he 
would have had to leave the army without supplies. 

By some the delay was thought to be on account of the generals 
not agreeing as to the best place for landing ; every hour was of 
consequence, as it gave time to the Sp.iniards to strengthen their 
works, which they were not unwilling to avail themselves of. A 
decision was arrived at, however, by the 26th, and the troops com- 
menced 10 disembark between the promontory of Rota and Fort 
Santa Catalina. Two days' rations of bread, cheese, and beer were 
issued to every man. In rear of each regiment was an officer of 
artillery with twenty " chtvaux-de-frise" No drum was to be beaten 
and no colour uncased, save in the boat of the general commanding. 



I 

J 



32nd regiment. 9 

When a drum beat, then the lines of boats were to row ; when it 
ceased the men were to lie upon their oars. No soldier was to fire, 
** under pain of death while in the boat, or to unshoulder his musket 
" when landed."* 

26th July, 1702 (new style). Little resistance was offered to the 
troops landing, although some twenty men were drowned in the surf. 

The marines landed with the first troops, and on 27th July Rota 
surrendered without resistance, and the disembarkation continued. 



an/ i-u/ofli/ 



Rot 



t' of Mmru 




CADIZ 



31st July (new style). The whole army had landed by this date and 
advanced on the town of Port St. Mary. It was found deserted by 
its inhabitants and was looted by the army and navy, in which plunder 
General Sir Henry Bellasis and other officers were not above 
participating, t 

The eventual failure of this expedition may be traced to this act, 
which gave great offence to the Spaniards of influence and brought 
ruin on Bellasis himself. Fort Santa Catalina surrendered on being 
summoned to do so on 2nd August. On the following day the 
troops encamped at Santa Vittoria on their march to Matagorda 

* Smyth, Historical Records of aoth Regiment, 

t Special instructions against marauding had been issued by Ormond previoua 
to the setting out of this expedition.— Pamell, Spanish War of Succession, 



10 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Fort, before which trenches were opened. The enemy sunk three 
merchant ships in the entrance of the harbour on 8th AugusL 
On the t3th the newly-constructed batteries and fleet opened 
fire on the Matargorda Fort, but after four days the siege had 
to be abandoned, owiny, it is said, to the marshy nature of the soil, 
and the troops retvirned to camp at Santa Vittoria, having lost sixty- 
five men killed or wounded. 

At a council of generals it was proposed to bombard Cadiz ot 
accept a r.insom of one hundred thousand pistoles, against which 
Prince George of Hesse- Darmstadt strongly protested. Although at 
first in favour of the bombardment, Rooke, with his admirals, now 
considered "in regard, the swell of the sea continues so as to retider 
" the bombardment of Cadiz ineffectual," they therefore abandoned ihe 
idea, and instead made preparations to re-embark the troops, and on 
the 33rd Ormond commenced the retreat to Rota, pursued by 
Villadarias. Colonel Fox commanded the rear guard and succeeded 
in repulsing the Spanish attack;* next day Fort Santa Catalina was, 
blown up; and the small army reached Rota in safety. From the 
25th to 28th August was taken up in re-embarking the force ; Colonel 
Fox again, with his rear guard, protecting the embarkation, and 
eventually gained the boats with little or no loss. The following day 
the fleet sailed for England.f 

After having been some days at sea, a change was accidentally 
brought about, with fortunate results. Some of the ships having put 
into Lagos for water, learned by chance that Chateau-Renaud, the 



* The London Gatilte, Aid NovemUir, 1702, after desciibing ihe rear guard 
action in ihc rclrcal from Rola, goes on lo say t "By the cxiraoidinary good 
" cnndiicl of Gilonel Fox (32nd), who had the management of the whole disposition 
" made by Mis Grace, a better could nevei have been, coniiideriDg the 
"advantage the Spaniards had over him." 

+ On Oclnber 5lh, 1703, in accordance with previous instructions, a st^uadron, 
un<Icr Commodore Walker, with four regiments on lioard, was despatched lo the 
West Indies, and it appears from a warrant to the Ordnance to issue stores, that 
each of the Marine regiments sent a company with this squadron. 

The warrant was dated find January, 170|. and, as Ear as Foi's regiment (33nd) 
was concerned, directed the issue of lifty stand of arms to replace those sent to the 
West Indies, and one hundred and forty tents, lost cither at the Bay of Bulls or 



32nd regiment. 11 

French admiral, with fifteen sail of the line and seventeen galleons 
loaded with treasure from the West Indies had reached Vigo. 
Captain Wishart, who was the senior officer present, immediately 
sailed, in the hopes of overtaking Rooke and his fleet, and on 
17th October came up with them, with the result that the course of 
the fleet was at once changed, and steered for Vigo, and on 22nd 
October came to an anchor off the bay. Arrangements were made at 
once for landing a force under Ormond, with a view of taking the 
land batteries in flank ; the fleet was to advance up the harbour. 
The French admiral had defended it with a strong boom formed of 
chains, ships* yards, and topmasts bound together. On Ormond 
signalling that he had captured the battery, the leading ship, the 
Torhay^ Captain Andrew Leake, bearing Vice-Admiral Hopson's flag, 
steered straight for the boom and broke it, and cast anchor on the other 
side between the French vessels, followed by the remaining ships. 
After a short struggle, most of the galleons and booty to the value 
of one million pounds sterling fell into our hands. Ormond was 
desirous of attacking Vigo itself, but Admiral Rooke again put a veto 
on it, as " he could only spare five or six frigates and six weeks' or 
" two months* provisions, and that the frigates would scarcely be safe 
" except whilst cruising at sea." Ormond was therefore obliged 
to relinquish the idea and to re-embark. 

The news was received in England with extravagant joy, and 
Queen Anne, attended by the lords and commons, went in state to 
S. Paul's Cathedral, to return thanks for this success, and each of the 
regiments of infantry received the sum of ;^561 10s. prize money 
out of the two millions sterling, the reputed value of the booty.* 

Fox's marines, we have seen, took an important part during the late 
expedition, and from The Diary of an Officer of the Navy^ in the 
Radstock collection, United Service Institute, the following interesting 
extract occurs : — " On the 17th July, in the morning, a court-martial 
**was held on board us, on the account of one Lieutenant Harris— of 
" CoUonel Fox's regiment — for mutiny, &c., of which he was 
" found guilty, and received sentence accordingly." What the offence 



* Cannon, Historical Retords of ^tst RegimetU, 



11 HI-TORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

was we are not told, but the trial apparently took place before the 
arrival of the expedition at Cadiz. We read further on that the Duke 
was magnanimous, as on '^ Thursday, I3ch August, 1702, His Grace's 
** pardon was sent for Lieutenant Harris, who lay under sentence of 
*• death/' 

From the same authority, under date 16th September, 1702, orders 
were given overnight that the boats trom the deet should rendezvous 
a: Rota by break of day to take on board the remainder of the army, 
and that the youngest regiment should march drst, and the rearguard 
should be rommanded by Colonel Fox (32nd.) The retreat was effected 
with a loss of only five soldiers killed and as many wounded, and 
by the good conduct of Colonel Fox, who had the whole manage- 
ment of the dispositions made by His Grace the Duke of Ormond. 

Colonel Fox's regiment (32nd) was, on starting on the expedition, 
six hundred and fifty-eight strong, in the attack upon Vigo,* (?) 12ih 
October, 1702, and attached to first brigade. 

The troops under the Duke of Ormond subsequently returned to 
England, and on their arrival, in November, 1702, Fox's marines 
(32nd) were landed at Portsmouth, to march to Arundel, Horsham, 
Crickfield, &c., to remain, under a War Office order, dated 2nd 
November, 1702. 

A letter, some days later date, addressed to the Commissioners for 
the Sick and Wounded states that the detachments of Fox's marines 
at Midhurst and Chichester have been ordered to " be present and 
" assist in the removal and exchange of prisoners of war." The 
following su^)sequcnt orders, addressed to Colonel Fox, also appear 
under the dates sfjccified : — 

"3rd January', 1703. Her Majesty having ordered Colonel Holt's 
" and Sanderson's regiments, now at Portsmouth, to embark on board 
** the fleet Ijound for Portugal, Colonel Gibson has thereupon been 
** directed to send for the regiment under your command to march 
" into Portsmouth to do duty there. 

" 26th January, 1703. The companies of the regiment under your 



• It is prcsumr^l that thi* refers to the Ixilier)' which flanked the harlx>ur, as 
\igf) itself was not att<icked. 



32nd regiment. 13 

" orders at Chichester to march to Shoreham and Brighthelmstone. 
"30th January, 1703. His Royal Highness finding occasion to 
" send six companies of the regiment under your command, to be 
" put on board the fleet for Her Majesty's service at sea, which are 
" to march and embark at Portsmouth, according to such orders as 
**yuuwill receive on such behalf. The officers to provide proper 
** bedding for their men to take on board." 

The number of companies was increased to seven. The remainder 
of the regiment removed, under command of Colonel Fox, from 
Horsham and the neighbourhood to Winchester. These were sub- 
sequently embarked on board the fleet. 

The regiment served on board the fleet in the Mediterranean, 
under Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovel, who was instructed to make 
every possible arrangement, by conciliation or conquest, among the 
dependencies of the French and Spanish monarchies, in order to 
ensure a cordial reception of the Archduke Charles of Austria, in 
opposition to Philip, Duke of Anjou,* of France, to the throne of 
Spain. 

1704. 

Nothing very decisive having taken place up to the end of 1703, it 
was determined lo attack Spain at home, with the aid of the 
Portuguese, and an expedition was despatched from the Tagus, 
consisting of five thousand men, under Prince George,t with thirty- 
one English and nineteen Dutch men-of-war, besides numerous 
frigates and smaller vessels. Admiral Rooke was the naval chief, 
under him were Vice-Admiral Sir John Leake and Rear-Admirals 
Dilkes and Wishart, whilst Lieutenant-Admiral Callenberg, with two 
vice-admirals, commanded the Dutch fleet. The land force 
actually embarked only comprised one thousand nine hundred 



* Second son of Leopold I. of Germany, who claimed the throne of Spain in 
the right of his mother, Margaret Theresa, daughter of Philip IV. of Spain. 

t Prince George of Hesse Darmstadt was born at Darmstadt on 25th April, 
1662. Second son of the seventeen children of Ludwig VI., Landgrave of Hesse 
Darmstadt, and of Klizaheth Dorothea, his wife, daughter of Krncst, Duke of 
Saxe-Goiha, 



u 



HISrOKlCAL RECORDS ( 



English and four hundred Dutch marines, with seventy Spanish foot 
soldiers. Brigadier- General Edward Fox, who had been in charge 
of the rear-guard during Ormond's retreat from the Mort.igorda 
commanded the marines. 

The English marines were drafted from the seven Marine regi- 
ments of the army, viz. : — Seymour's, or the Queen's (afterwards the 
4th Foot), Sanderson's (afterwards the 30th), Luitrell's (lale Villier's, 
and afterwards the 3lsi), Fox's (afterwards the 32nd), Shannon's, 
Holt's, and Henry Mordaunl's. The three last corps were disbanded 
on the conclusion of the war.* 

On 21si May the fleet put into Alten Bay, on the coast of 
Valencia. Prince Henry of Hesse Darmstadt (a younger brother of 
Prince George) proposed that an attempt should be made on 
Barcelona, and on the 29th the fleet arrived there. One thousand 
six hundred marines were landed on the 30th, in the forenoon, 
without opposition, to the east of the fortress, and encamped. The 
commander, Velasio, was summoned to surrender ; he, however, 
rejected the summons, having learned from a deserter that the visit of 



identa! episodeof its voyage to Nizza.f 

the town, and early on itie morning 

to sail, Darmstadt re-embarked the 

any way by Velasio, and continued 



the fleet was no more than ar 

A few shells were thrown 
of 1st June, Rooke being a 
troops without being molested i 
his course to Nizza. 

Information was brought to the fieet when at Hiferes, that the 
French fleet, from Brest, was endeavouring to make Toulon, but 
Rooke deemed it wiser to await reinforcements from England, which 
were expected shortly, under Sir Cloudesley Shovel, and in spite of 
instructions having been sent from home, urging him to attack Cadiz, 
in the absence of most of the Spanish soldiers who were fighting the 
Portuguese, he refused " unless a large force were despatched from 
" l-isbon to co-operate with him" — and ill spite of other despatches 
urging him to take action, he persistently refused, and let the French 
fleet slip. 



• Psnwll. SfianisA IVar of Stmettien, p. 46. 
t Vxnt^, Spanish War b/ fiutimiBn, 



32nd regiment, 15 



The Surprise of Gibraltar. 

Rooke received a fourth despatch, 28th July, urging him to attack 
Cadiz, but he was unmovable. Prince George then suggested that in 
place of Cadiz, Gibraltar should be attacked ; and, knowing that sooner 
or later he (Rooke) would be called to account for his want of enter- 
prise, agreed to cannonade the sea-front of that fortress. On 
31st July the Allies, numbering fifty-nine sail of the line, anchored 
before Gibraltar. 

Five thousand men were landed* before the north front of the Rock 
for the purpose of cutting off supplies to the garrison. The garrison 
was completely surprised; it is said to have only consisted of one 
hundred and fifty regulars, and citizen soldiers and militia, numbering 
in all, according to the Spanish authorities, not more than five 
hundred men ; the arms were one hundred pieces of cannon, of heavy 
make for that day. 

The Old Mole and the New Mole were garrisoned by citizens and 
militia; the Landport Gate was guarded by a weak force of sixty 
invalids ; in the Castle, sixty-two soldiers of divers arms.f 

The first offensive step was taken by the Captain of the Dorsetshire^ 
of eighty guns, Captain Whittaker, who (says Sayer) was sent with 
boats to burn a French privateer of twelve guns which lay at the Old 
Mole. More serious demonstrations followed on the morning of 
3rd August ; the fleet, after throwing a few shots into the fortress and 
receiving prompt replies, poured out its missiles with unflagging 
fierceness, and maintained the fire until long after noon. Six 
Dutch ships and sixteen English vessels fronted the line wall between 
the heads of the moles, three other ships took up positions on the 
rest of the others and the New Mole. The efforts of this great force 
soon told on the walls; the guns on the New Mole were rapidly 
silenced, and its garrison fled. Sir George Rooke's despatches state 



* The marines had no artillery, but took with them crowbars and hatchets to 
assault the Land|x)rt Gate, should the attack from the sea fail, 
t Ayala : Monte, Hist, d$ Gibraltar^ 



16 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

that he ordered Captain Whiitaker to make an attack on thte mole in 
boats, but Captain Hicks intercepted ihe signal, and anticipated the 
orders it conveyed; with Captain Jumper of the Lennox, seventy 
guns, he pushed to the shore, losing forty men and two officers, 
owing to a mine having been sprung under them as they landed. 
Captain Whittaker was more fortunate, and succeeded in taking the , 
New Mole, repulsed the enemy, and assailed Jumper's bastion. The I 
effect of this attack was extended to the Line Wall ; this part, the fort 1 
on the point of the Old Mole and that defence itself, was succes- f 
sively captured by Whittaker's party and the marines {33nd), who had j 
landed soon after the arrival of the fleet. 

It was difficult to say who fought the harder, but the odds were 1 
against the brave defenders, and after a struggle of Ihree days they j 
capitulated,* and finally surrendered with the honours of war. 

Thus this famous fortress once more underwent a change of 
masters ; the Prince of Hesse- Darmstadt took possession in the name 
of Charles III. 

A garrison of eighteen' hundred English seamen and marines, 
amongst which was Fox's regiment {32nd), was placed in the 
fortress. 

The total loss of the Allies was three officers and fifty-eight men 
killed, eight officers and two hundred and fifty-two men wounded. 

There is not the slightest foundation for the story given out by 
nineteenth century writers — Lord Stanhope, Captain Sayer, &c.^of 
Rooke taking down the Spanish colours and hoisting the English 
standard, t 

On 21st August half the marines were taken on board the 
fleet— the French fleet having been sighted— and took pan in the un- 
decisive batlie of Malaga on the 23rd; total toss of Allies, killed 
or wounded, two thousand seven hundred and eighteen. On 
30th August Rooke landed all his available marines at Gibraltar, 
sixty heavy guns, and three months' provisions for two thousand men 
and sailed for England. 



• aid Aueusl, 1704. 

f VMt\tL\\, Spaniih War ef Smitumi- 



32nd regiment. 17 

Prince George now commenced to repair the fortifications and erect 
fresh batteries. His garrison consisted of : — 

English Marines 1900 

X^UL\»U ••• ••• ••• ■•• ••• ••• ••• 4a/\/ 

English Seamen ... ... ... ... ... ... 72 

V^bvaIcUIS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ivr 



Total 2442 



The governor was Colonel Henry Nugent. The marines were 
commanded by Brigadier-General Fox (32nd) ; second in command, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Jacob Borr, of Fox's marines; Catalans and 
Volunteers under Prince Henry. 

"Gibraltar was taken from the Spaniards on 24th July, 1704, 
** (old style). Sir G. Rooke was returning from an untoward cruise 
" in the Mediterranean when it accidentally occurred to him to attack 
"the town, which, with the usual improvidence of Spaniards, was 
" only garrisoned by one hundred and fifty men. George I. was pre- 
" vented from restoring it at the Peace of Utrecht, by the expression 
"of public feeling in England." So says Captain C. R. Scott, in his 
Sketches of the inhahiiants of the South of Spain, 

The old fortress was not long in the hands of its captors before a 
supreme attempt was made by the Spaniards to retake their beloved 
Rock. Eight thousand men, under the Marquis de Villadarias, were 
immediately detached from the Spanish army to retake the fortress. 
On 4th October the French admiral received orders to engage the 
British and Dutch fleets, and to co-operate in the operations. 

Sir John Leake and Admiral Vanderdussen were left at Lisbon to 
protect the coast of Portugal and relieve Gibraltar if it should be 
besieged, as was anticipated. 

The Marquis de Villadarias commenced the siege of Gibraltar on 
22nd October, 1704, and the garrison — composed of marines — 
under the command of the Prince of Hesse, sustained a siege by 
twelve thousand men. 

The purpose of the enemy was to have stormed from the South 
Mole, united with the desperate attempt of a Spanish forlorn hope 
climbing the rock, and a general attack from the mainland. The 

C 



18 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

fortress was maintained against very superior numbers^ and the fire of 
the enemy's batteries having damaged the works, a body of men were 
landed from the fleet to assist in the defence. 

Fire opened 27th October, and on 9th November, Colonel 
N'u;^ent, the governor, was mortally wounded^ and Brigadier-General 
Fox (32nd) was killed by a round shot.* 

On the 10th, Villadarias had intended to have delivered a grand 
night assault from different quarters and to scale the Rock on the 
precipitous %ide, where it was expected that the garrison would be 
more off their guard. Admiral Leake's arrival, however, prevented 
the I'Oat and beach assaults, but the plan of scaling the eastern side 
was nevertheless undertaken, and in the night an advance party of 
five hundred Spaniards, under Colonel de Figueroa, started for their 
destination. 

Ixd by a Gibraltar goat-herd, they proceeded along the dangerous 
eastern side of the Rock by an almost unknown track, and, gradually 
ascending its steep and rugged slope, reached the summit at a place 
called the Silleta. 

A little below the Silleta, on the western side, is a cave known as 
St. Mich«ners, and here — concealed from the view of the guard, 
Figueroa waited to be joined by the main body of the assaulters. 
But, through some misunderstanding, these never arrived, and at day- 
break the adventurous party were discovered by the garrison. The 
f*rince at once sent a detachment of five hundred marines, under 
Borr (32nd) to dislodge them. The grenadiers were led by Prince 
Hf-nry, who, whilst bravely ascending the hill under the fire of the 
Sjmniards, was wounded in the shoulder. Borr (32nd) charged them 
briskly, killed two hundred and took one hundred and ninety 
j^risoncrs, amongst whom was Figueroa and thirty-three other officers, 
the remainder escaping by the way they came. 

The garrison had only one thousand men fit for duty on 2nd 
December, and a great deal of discontent prevailed among them. 
Fortunately, reinforcements arrived on the 14th, just in time to prevent 
the outbreak of a mutiny, for everyone was getting disheartened ot the 



* Loftdofi Gazette t 4lh to 7lh Deccml)er, 1704. 



32nd regiment. 19 

heavy losses, and many of the officers had actually formed a 
mutinous conspiracy against the Prince, to oblige him to yield the 
fortress. 

The relieving troops numbered about one thousand nine hundred 
and seventy men. On the death of Nugent and Fox, Borr (32nd) 
succeeded to the command of the English troops. 

On 23rd December the Prince made a sortie on the enemy's 
advanced works, and destroyed them, and again on 1st January, 
1705, he made a second sally, and managed to keep down the fire of 
the enemy. 

1706. 

On 2nd February, 1705, the Spanish commander attempted to 
storm the Round Tower, but was unsuccessful ; nothing daunted, he 
again made the attempt. The Round Tower was defended by 
Colonel Borr* (32nd), who had succeeded to the command of Fox*s 
marines, with his battalion. The assailants, by throwing from above 
great stones and grenades on his men, at last obliged him to retire 
into that part of the works where the foot guards were posted. 
Flushed with success, they advanced too far, and were met by 
Colonel Moncallt and his battalion, who soon reinstated the former 
holders, and, uniting with the remainder of the garrison, drove the 
enemy out of the works. They made a precipitate retreat, losing 
seventy killed and over two hundred wounded ; one captain, four 
lieutenants, and forty men taken. The garrison casualties were 
twenty-seven killed and one hundred and twenty wounded. 

In a work entitled The Triumphs of Her Majestfs Army^ published 
in 1707, appears the following remark, anent the defence of Gibraltar : 
" Encouraged by the example of the Prince of Hesse, the garrison 



* With regard to Colonel Borr (32nd), it may l>e interesting to add an extract 
from Boyer, vol. III., p. 163 : — " Neither must we pass over in silence the extra- 
** ordinary zeal of Colonel Borr, who on all occasions shewed himself ready to 
** ease the Prince as much as possible, and to execute his orders with the utmost 
" activity and distinguished courage, to reward which Her Majesty l)estowed on 
* * him the re;;iment vacant by the death of Colonel Fox, of which Mr. Borr was 
** before but Lieutenant- Colonel of Barr>'more's, after\*'ards 13th Foot.." 

t Hamilton's^ vol. I., p. 377i vol. II., p. 2, 



Is^'i :<t^r.'j9L-yjii. ^^jtsa^a .:?« rn: 



■*■ ■'t.ri rtu>r* -Jt.'iii 'V^lit uttsiani-j 3e rtcegral. y^i? lie Ecipaft -rrarTitf^ 

ftskr-l it »a;i the eKrt&srucit ct ±e Fr::!:"-^?:,. iiusr cc ±e tfrafrrr vk 
«rj«n limine, aad che:r vcfarjiffl siiat zaT* beei irxerrw- crscc^ ±jie 
^eruvirjtrt ^.I:r^ w^ch, ipa:4tr- :rie c-^.^g cc cc scypjoes by r-^iyrtif 

ar.<i we h<»5*»» (c/ dhe iiieije^en zsn'.rtd »i±. die reiniicoeaesia wtixh, 
6>ft ^ a^«a£ v.ale, he coc^thc^ed zo ±esi. 

4r/>>;^ t/j> varrant v^xesd^ aiud ended :n ±e ei^eles^'g szcrtfice of cskore 
f>af* iiro YiUzAztd lirt^ Aaxher aiuck, du5 rime b>]r the cocnbined 
M^uuA zrA TAuiiiA^ V3.I fr^inraied, so ur as tbe laner were cocscenied, 
^j7 tfce v;r»d xhiftir.^ to the y>u:h, convertiGg :hi: pan of the Rock 
that la^ be^n aLp^Afinttd (or the naval assault into a See shore. 

Mc^knwhile Sir John I.eake surprised the French fleet under 
liau/n dt Point!, and captured three of their ships. Two were 
driven a%hore and burnt by the defenders. 

The French commander-in-chief raised the siege on ISth April, 
%ix month^i after the task was begun, under hopeful declarations, 
having Um ten thousand men. 

f^n 12th Jfuiy a grand conference was held at Lisbon, King 
(^Uarlcs and most of the leaders — who had been summoned to 
attend from fiibraltar — were present, when it was decided, on the 
rtr,ommcndation of JJarmstadt, that the conterence should formally 
cfjurnr in the ]}ro\)fj*icd exf^edition to Catalonia. The Earls of 
fialway* and Pttcrborought concurred, and it was formally agreed 
that I he fleet should ijUKccd to Barcelona. 

AIthou;^h denuding his own force, Galway now strengthened the 
expedition with his two regiments of Dragoons, and, in exchange for 
the recruit corps of Klliott and John Caulfield, he authorised the fleet 
to take on hoard at Gibraltar the whole of the seasoned English 



• (l\u>%f.t\ \ty Marl)K>rou(;h to succccfl the Duke of Schombcrg, to command 
Ihr VnrWiyuvsv \rtHi\f\. 

t ScWxirti, through |K>litical innucncc, to command the Catalonian expedition. 



32nd regiment. 21 

battalions at that garrison. Owing, however, to unavoidable delays, 
six weeks elapsed before the troops could leave Lisbon. 

On 24th July, King Charles and his court embarked on board 
the fleet — having joined the remainder of the fleet, under Sir 
Cloudesley Shovel — and arrived at Gibraltar on 3rd August. Next day 
King Charles landed in state, and was received by the inhabitants as 
their lawful sovereign. The recruits disembarked, whilst the guards, 
Barrymore's, Donegal's, Mountjoy's, and the English marines — eight 
battalions in all, numbering about three thousand two hundred men — 
joined the allied troops. 

The marines were commanded by Colonel Jacob Borr (32nd), who, 
it will be remembered, had been awarded the full colonelcy of Fox's 
regiment (32nd.) 

The expedition embarked again, and sailed on 5th August, 

arriving on the 22nd off" Barcelona. Two hundred grenadiers were 

landed at once, and the remainder followed ; there was no opposition 

made to their disembarkation. To assist the expeditionary force. Sir 

Cloudesley sent ashore from his ships' complements a force of one 

thousand one hundred and flfty marines, and next day the drasoons 

landed. 
Peterborough, who appears to have been very half-hearted on the 

advisability of attacking Barcelona, seems to have thrown every 

obstacle in the way of its being carried out ; but King Charles, who 

had accompanied the expedition at the express invitation of John 

Methuen,* (instructed by Godolphin) was determined that he would 

remain and aid his friends, the Catalans, who had risked so much for 

his sake. At a council of war it was eventually agreed that the 

attack should be made, and on 5th September Sir Cloudesley Shovel 

engaged to send ashore four thousand one hundred seamen, six 

hundred gunners, and flfty carpenters, in addition to one thousand 

one hundred and fifty marines already landed. But Peterborough 

again objected, and not until the 9th or 10th did he agree, and it 

was arranged that one of the outlying fortresses should be attacked 

first. Montjuic was agreed upon, and some severe fighting took place 

* British Minister in Spain. 



22 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

when, on the 13th, ihe Allies were driven back, losing [heir gallant 
leader Darmstadt, who met his death as he was endeavouring to rally 
the troops. It was not until the 17ih, after having made a breach in 
the wall, that Fort Montjuic capitulated, which enabled the attack on 
Barcelona to be proceeded with ; and, partly owing to an insurrection 
within the fortress itself and a breach having been made of sufficient 
dimensions to justify an assault, on 4th October, Valasio agreed 
to negotiate, and it was arranged that on the lith the garrison should 
march out with the honours of war. 

Although Colonel Borr's regiment {33nd) took part in the above 
siege operations, he had, through some misunderstanding with a 
brother oflicer, with whom he had fought a duet, not himself been 
present. 

1706-7. 

In the following December, some of Borr's marines (32nd) were 
sent to garrison the fortress of Lerida, and they were present at the 
decisive action near Balbastro, January, 1706, in which, after seven 
hours' hard fightiny, D'Asfeld, the French commander, was forced lo 
retire. This action is remarkable as being the only one of the 
campaign in which no Spaniards were engaged on either side. The 
Allies lost some one hundred and fifty killed and wounded ; the 
French, four hundred. 

About May, the marines returned to Barcelona, In June, Santa 
Crui submitted to Admiral Leake, and was garrisoned by six hundred 
marines under Major Hedges.* On 28lh September, Majorca 
surrendered, and Captain Lander, with one hundred marines, occupied 
the castle. 

During 1706, Marlborough and the English ministers had directed 
their attention to the idea of operating, by joint expedition, against 
ihe West Coast of France. A scheme in which the French 
Huguenots took part was approved, and an expedition was fitted 
out, the fleet under Sir Cloudesley Shovel, and the army commanded 
by Earl Rivers. The adjutani-general was Colonel Kempenfeldt, 
and the quartern! as ler-genefal Colonel Jacob Borr, of the marines 

* or \*illicr's Marines. 



32nd regiment. 23 

(32nd) Colonel Richards, chief engineer. The land force consisted 
of eleven squadrons of dragoons, sixteen battalions of foot, with a 
train of thirty-four heavy guns, six mortars, sixty cohorns, and six 
field-pieces. In all, eight thousand two hundred troops, besides 
artillery. 

The following was the composition of the troops : — 

Dragoons— Two squadrons of Carpenter's, afterwards 3rd Hussars. 

Two „ Essex, „ 4th Hussars. 

Four „ Guiscard's Huguenots. 

Three „ Slippenback's Dutch. 

Foot— Hill's (late Stanhope's.) 

Mordaunt's, afterwards 28th Foot. 

Farringdon's „ 29th Foot. 

Watkins'. 

Hotham's. 

Mark Kerr's. 

Macartney's. 

Two battalions Marines.* 

Nassau's German. 

Six Huguenot regiments. 

The expedition left England 12th October, 1706, and, after en- 
countering severe weather, finally reached Lisbon, remaining there 
two months, and then went on to Alicante, where it landed 8th 
February, 1707. From this time until 24th April the force was 
marching and counter-marching without having gained any very 
decisive victory, but on 24th April the Allies advanced from 
Villeria, encamping at Candete. At daybreak on the morning of the 
25th, Galway began his march, in four columns, towards Almanza, 
eight miles off. Berwick had his powerful army awaiting the attack, 
and after fighting for two hours, owing to the Portuguese commander 
falling back at a critical moment, what might have been a great 
victory was turned into a crushing defeat. The regiments which 
principally suffered were the guards, the marines (32nd), Mordaunt's, 
Bowies', Nassau's Germans, Huguenot and Dutch. 

In this battle the Allies lost four thousand, killed or wounded ; the 



Dorr's (32Qd) believed to be one ; another, name not known. 



21 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

English, however, lost none of their guns, and Berwick was una^ 
lo move for five days, owing to his losses. It is impossible to ascer- 
tain the losses in Borr's marines (32nd), but they must have been 
very heavy, if they in any way corresponded with those of other corps. 

The English officers slain comprised one brigadier-general, five 
colonels, seven lieutenant-colonels, two majors, thirty captains, torty- 
three subalterns ; or, eighty-eight in all. Two hundred and eighty-six 
officers were taken prisoners, of whom ninety-two were wounded 
There is a monument in Westminster Abbey to the memory of the 
officers. The victory, though a great one for the Bourbons, was by 
no means fatal to the Austrian cause, for, broadly speaking, its chief 
effect was merely to retreive the defeat received by Tess6 before 
Barcelona.* 

Major Humphrey Corey, of Borr's (32nd) marines, was taken 
prisoner at Almanza. 

In less than five months after the defeat of Almanza, with 
wonderful energy, and without assistance either from home or from 
Charles, Galway had raised another array of fourteen thousand six 
hundred fighting men, who were well equipped, supported hy a good 
train, provided with transport and ready to take the field ; and by the 
29th October were ready to move, to endeavour to relieve Lerida, 
which was situated on the right bank of the Segre, and was a fortress 
of considerable importance. The governor was Prince Henry, the 
garrison only consisting of one thousand eight hundred regulars and 
eight hundred miguelets. There were three Enghsh regiments, con- 
sisting of the Royal Fusiliers, Well's regiment, and one battalion of 
marines, Borr's (3*Jnd), The Earl was too late, and the fortress, after 
making a brave defence, was compelled to capitulate, as all the pro- 
visions were expended, excepting bread and water. 

In November, 1703, the French Commander, D'Esfeld, determined 
to raise the siege of Denia. The garrison was composed of two 
hundred and twenty seven officers and men, fifteen gunners under 
a lieutenant, and two hundred marines from Borr's (32nd) and 
Other battalions, commanded by three captains and six subalterns. 



32nd regiment. 25 

After a good defence of seventeen days, the place was taken and the 
garrison made prisoners of war. 

About this period two of the marine regiments were drafted, and 
the officers and men were incorporated into the other four now em- 
ployed in Spain. This measure had become necessary in order to 
supply the casualties which had occurred, and to render these corps 
effective. For this purpose all the marines capable of duty were 
drawn from the fleet about to return home, in order to assist in the 
reduction of Minorca, which it was expected would make a spirited 
and tedious defence. The island, however, fell after a few days, and 
capitulated to a force consisting of only two thousand four hundred 

men. 

1709-14. 

In the following year, 1709, the fleet having failed to relieve 
Alicante, it fell into the hands of the Bourbons. There were no 
marines there at the time, and the next year, 1710, an expedition was 
planned against the Isle of Cette, in the province of Languedoc. 
The troops and marines were landed on 13th July. The fort surren- 
dered and the town was delivered up without resistance. 

From this time until the close of the war and the signing of the 
Treaty of Peace of Utrecht, little is known of the marine corps. 
Among the reductions, 1713, they were included in the list of regi- 
ments to be disbanded, and there is little doubt that Colonel Borr's 
(32nd) regiment was disbanded in that year.* It was, however, rein- 
stated, in recognition of its good services, with two others (30th and 
31st), on 25th March, 1715, the New Year's Day of the old style, 
and became the 32nd Regiment, incorporated with the regiments 
of infantry of the line, and authorized to take rank according 
to the date of their original formation in 1702. Under these 



* On the 9th November, 1713, instructions were issued for the disbanding of 
the Marine Regiments, and commissioners were appointed for making up their 
accounts and paying off the men. 

The instructions are lengthy, and will be found in vol. viii., p. 327, Military 
Entry Book^ Home Office Series, Public Record Office. However, from them it 
appears that each soldier was allowed to carry away his clothes, belt, and knapsack, 
and passes were granted to each man's home; but men were warned "not to 
"proceed thither in greater numbers than three together." 



H1ST0K1CAL RECORDS. 



circumstances, il may belhoughl the regiment is entitled to Gibraltar 
on their colours, as they look such an important part in the taking of 
it, and also in the first defence. 

There were additional reasons why the marines who had been 
disbanded should be again re-formed, and probably the real cause of 
their being re-formed so soon. 

The decease of Queen Anne look place on 1st August, 1714, 
anJ King George I , who was then at Hanover, was immediately pro- 
claimed as the Sovereign of Great Britain and Ireland. 

The paniians of the Pretender, James Edward Stuart, son of the 
late king Janes 11., renewed their exertions on his behalf, and 
Jacobite principles had become so prevalent in certain parts of the 
kingdom, that it was necessary that the army, which had been con- 
siderably reduced after the Peace of Utrecht, should be again 
I augmented, and naturally the marines, who had so distinguished 

I themselves in the last war, were the first to be called up. 

B The 32nd was sent to Ireland, where it remained for some 

■ years, and did not lake any part in the next war. The period was 

I by no means an idle one for the services, more especially for the 

I navy. There was another war with Spain, lasting four years, in the 

H course of which Gibraltar underwent another siege, being gallantly 

H defended by a small English garrison, and the Spanish fleet ex- 

I perienced a crushing defeat ofl" the coast of Sicily by a British fleet 

I under Admiral Matthews. 

I There were troubles in Scotland and Ireland, which gave employ- 

I ment to the troops on shore. 

I This closes the first period of the Records. We have followed 

H them now from the date of raising until the Peace of Utrecht. 



^ 



[ 27 1 

SECOND PERIOD. 
From Peace of Utrecht to Irish Rebellion. 



1716-96. 

[&N 1716 Borr's regiment (32nd) was on the Irish establishment 
The regiment was employed on board ship, according to the 
original idea for which it was raised, but little seems to be 
known of its career. A weekly journal in 1723 briefly alludes to the 
death of Brigadier Burr (Borr) " colonel of a regiment on the Irish 
"establishment," and — later — "Brigadier Dubourgey,* colonel of a late 
"regiment broke in Ireland some years since, as the regiment of the 
" Brigadier Borr." Brigadier Dubourgey appears to have been made 
colonel of a regiment as a reward for his services in Spain, where he 
commanded the regiment, succeeding Borr; and afterwards on 
special service at the Court of Berlin, and in Hanover. Having died 
in 1732, he was succeeded by Colonel Thomas Paget, one of Marl- 
borough's soldiers. This officer was great-grandfather of the late 
Field Marshal the Marquis of Anglesey. 

In 1734, the regiment was brought over from Ireland. Landing 
at Bristol, it marched to Hertford, Hatfield, Ware, and Hoddesden. 
A War Office order of 30th April, 1734, for the regiment to march to 
the above-mentioned places, concludes as follows : — " But as writs 
" are issued for the electing of members of a new parliament, it is 
" His Majesty's further pleasure that you direct the adjutant and 
"quartermaster of your regiment to march along two days before 
" the first division thereof, to the end that if he finds that by the 
" route assigned they are to pass through a city or borough where 
" such an election for a member of parliament may happen, he may 
" in such cases return at once to the first division and halt the same 
" until two days after the election is over, and give notice to the 2nd 
" division not to join the 1st division, lest they be too crowded in their 



* Brigadier Dubourgey is described by Carlyle, in his History of Frederick the 
Greats as an old military gentleman of diplomatic merit, who spells rather ill ; 
was minister to the court of P'rederick the Great in 1727*30. He conducted 
several delicate treaties, and nipped in the bud the marriage of Frederic, Duke of 
Edinburgh, with Wilhelmina, daughter of Queen Sophi«. 



29 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" quarters, and so be inconvenient to the inliabitanls where they halt." 
This was evidently done to avoid giving offence in parliament. Many 
of the members of thai body viewed the standing army, then in its 
comparative infancy, with great jealousy, and as a sort of menace lo 
Ihe liberties of the people. 

The regimental head-quarters was at Hertford, and afterwards at 
St Albans, during the summer of 1734 ; detachments ^t Ware and 
Barnet, moving afterwards to Chelmsford, with detachments at 
Dunmow. Brentwood and Grays. In 1735, the regiment moved 
to Canterbury, with detachments at Ashford, Faversham, Maidstone, 
Rochester, and Sittingbourne. In June of this year the company at 
Sittingbourne was sent, j'/a London, to Hadleigh, Suffolk, "there to 
"be aiding and assisting the civil magistrates and officers of the 
" revenue in apprehending the offenders concerned in the murder of 
" William Cam, a dragoon, who was murdered by smugglers." This 
company subsequently returned lo Sittingbourne. 

In 1733, a secret treaty between France and Spain was made, the 
object of which was lo prevent England trading with their American 
colonies, and, as far aa possible, ruin her power on the sea, II had 
also another object, which was to recover, if possible, the whole of Ihe 
old Spanish monarchy in Europe, especially in Italy, for the house 
of Bourbon. By the treaty of Utrecht the English had the right 
of sending one ship a year with a cargo of negroes to the Spanish 
colonies. This gave an opening for a vast system of smuggling, 
which was carried on by the English merchant ships. After the 
secret treaty, Philip V. vainly tried to restrict the English to 
their one vessel a year, which led to constant collisions, a great 
deal of ill-feeling, and, it is said, much cruelty shown by the 
Spaniards to the English sailors. This treaty was partly suspended 
during the seven years' war, and again renewed in 1761. 

The state of irritation of the English merchants, and (he illusage 
of their sailors by Ihe Spaniards before mentioned, on account of 
the efforts of the Spanish authorities to put an end to the smuggling 
trade with their American colonies, were, however, the chief causes of 
the Spanish war in 1739. The war of the Austrian succession, which 
England was eventually drawn into, had arisen on the death of 



32nd regiment. 29 

Charles VI. The surrounding countries, wishing to divide his 
dominions, refused to acknowledge his daughter, Maria Theresa, as 
Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary. England was bound 
by treaty to protect her rights, which she did, at first by advice and 
money, but being already at war with Spain, was by degrees drawn 
into the general conflict. The final cause of our joining in the latter 
war was our Hanoverian interests. 

In January, 1735-36, the regiment was ordered to Ireland, and 
placed on the Irish establishment, marching from Canterbury to 
Bristol, the port of embarkation. Orders about the same date direct 
that certain non-commissioned officers and men of the regiment be 
sent to Chelsea and quartered there until passed by the Lords and 
other Commissioners of the Hospital. It has been suggested that 
these men were probable survivors of Fox*s marines, who had claims 
on Chelsea through subsequent services in the land forces. In 
1738 Colonel Thomas Paget was transferred to the 22nd Foot, and 
was succeeded by Colonel Simon Descury, and on his death by 
Colonel Huske, afterwards General Sir John Huske, K.B. He had 
distinguished himself in the command of a brigade at the battle of 
Dettingen, afterwards in Scotland, where he covered the retreat of 
the royal forces with his brigade, after the defeat of Falkirk. He 
died 18th January, 1761. 

The following occurs among the Irish Records : — * 

• 

" Hugh Armagh Wyndham, (Chancellor.) 

" In pursuance of His Majesty's commands, signified unto us by His 

" Grace the Duke of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant of this Kingdom, in 

" his letter bearing date the 7th day of June instant. These are to direct 

"and require you to cause the regiment of foot under your command 

"forthwith to hold themselves in a readiness to embark, under the 

" directions of Lieutenant-General Napier, on board such ships as shall 

"be provided to receive and transport them Dublin to Greenock or 

" Glasgow, on the river Clyde. 

" To Colonel Descurry, or the oflficer-in-chief commanding his regiment 

" of foot. 

" Given &c., the 13th day of June, 1739. 

"Thos. Tickelu" 



* Sent to editor by Colonel Talbot-Coke. 



30 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

These instructions were given lo ten other regiments:— 
" The eleven battalions ordered from Ireland to Great Britain are lo 
"be augmented by the addition of one sergeant, one corporal, one 
" drummer, nnd thirty-six private men to each company. 

"We hereby pray and require you forthwith to order the commanding 
"officers of the said regiments to send over proper officers into Great 
'' Britain to raise the said additional men and to return with them to 
" Dublin or Cork ; and His Majesty being informed that notwithstanding 
"(orders) against Inlisting Irishmen into his foot regiments, many are still 
" received, it is his royal pleasure that you cause it to be noticed to the 
"officers who are to raise the additional men that His Majesty will 
" shew his utmost displeasure at any disobedience to or neglect of these 

"Given on the 3nd day of July, 173a 

"Thos. Tickell." 

Further on, " 13th August, 1739, His Majesty orders a general 
" officer should be ordered to Cork for the reviewing the recruits to be 
" brought from Great Britain for augmenting His Majesty's regiments 
" of fool." 

And, again, "26th November, 1739. The adjutant-general to 
" review the recruits which shall be brought from Great Britain for 
" augmenting His Majesty's regiments of foot, on arriving at Dublin." 

The regiment was at Fort Augustus, North Britain, in 1741 and 
1761. + 

A contingent of British troops was despatched to the continent in 
the summer of 1742 to co-operate with the Austrians and Dutch, 
but war was not formally declared between Great Britain and 
France tintil the spring of 1744.1 This force was commanded by the 
Ear! of Stair, and composed of some troops of horse and horse 
grenadiers, eight other regiments of horse and dragoons, three 
battalions of foot guards, and thirteen other foot regiments, viz. : — 



* With r^ard to the order in 1739 prohibiting the enlialmeni of Irishmen, it 
is well known that the charge of the Irish Brigade gained the bnltle of Fonlenoy. 
"Accursed," exclaimed King Geoi^e, on hearing of this Imtlle, "Ik ihc laws 
" that deprive me of such soldiers ! " — Aubrey de Verk, 

+ Some idea of soldiering in Scotland in the middle of the eighteenth century 
can be obtained from Boswell's Life b/ JoknsoH, chap. xxxv. , dale 1773. 

X A war with France was the favourite measure of the king at this time, on 
account of his German dominions,— W»fCiii/« atid Sfttckts o/ihe Earl of Chaiham. 



32nd RbGIMENT 31 

3rd, lllh, 12th, 13th, 20th, 21st, 23rd, 28th, 31st, 32nd, 33rd, 37th, 
and 39th, with a train of artillery ; altogether about sixteen thousand 
men.* 

The British were quartered for the winter at Ghent, Bruges, and 
Courtray ; the head-quarters, with the guards, being at Ghent, and 
most of the foot regiments at Bruges. 

1743. 

In the spring of 1743, Stair, tired of Dutch inaction, began to 
move his troops towards the Rhine, ai)d after rendezvousing at 
Aix-la-Chapelle, reached the Rhine by toilsome marches in the mid- 
dle of May ; the snow falling nearly the whole time. Ascending the 
left bank, the British crossed that river a few miles below Coblentz, 
and pursuing their march by Ehrenbreitstein and Ems, and up the 
right bank until opposite Mayence, turned up the course of the 
Maine and reached Hoetch about the middle of June, where a 
junction was effected with the Austrians and a corps of Hanoverians. 
From Hoetch, the army proceeded through Frankfort-on-the- Maine 
up the right bank of that stream to Hanan and Aschaffenburg, 
where it took up a position watching the French, who had crossed 
the Rhine at Worms and Spires. Here King George II. t joined, 
and assumed command of the army in person. Finding the army 
was in a perilous position, he commenced it§ withdrawal at once. 
The French had sixty thousand men, under the Duke de Noailles, 
encamped on the opposite side of the river, who watched every 
movement of the Allies, and cut off all their supplies The king, who 
appears to have grasped the situation at once, not only saved the 
army from a defeat, but by retreating drew the French from their 
strong position. When approaching the village of Dettingen, on 27th 
June, it was observed that the enemy had crossed the river with 
part of their army, and were prepared to oppose the further advance 
of the English on their line of retreat. The army was confined in a 



* Notes on " History and Services of the 32nd Regiment." — United Service 
Maj^azine^ September^ 'Syg. 

f The king was accompanied by the Duke of Cumberland, his son. 



L 



33 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

narrow plain, hounded on the right by hills and woods and on the 
left by the river, on the opposite hank of which the French had 
erected batteries. It would have been as hazardous to retreat as to 
advance ; fortunately there lay a narrow pass, with a morass in the 
middle, between the English and French armies, and the latter, 
rushing impetuously down this defile, were repulsed with so much 
firmness that, after a short but fierce conflict, Ihey were obliged to 
recross the river with the loss of five thousand men. The victors 
lost two thousand men in this action, and the Duke of Cumberland 
was wounded in the leg. The 32nd (Huske's) was in reserve on 
this occasion. Colonel Huske, who commanded the brigade, was 
severely wounded in the hee!; three rank and file wounded. Want 
of supplies prevented the Allies from following up their victory, and 
by the end of August they had recrossed the Rhine, In November 
they returned to their winter quarters in Flanders, leaving three 
thousand sick men behind them in Germany. On 27ih August, 
Major-General Huske was transferred to the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, 
and Brigadier Henry Skchon was appointed colonel in his stead. 

1744-45. 

Preparations for the next campaign were commenced in the spring 
of 1744. The English troops, now commanded by Field Marshal 
Wade, concentrated at Aschel in May, but nothing was done, and in 
October the troops went back again to winter quarters at Ghent, 
Bruges, and Ostend. 

In the beginning of 1744 an invasion of England was attempted 
by a French force of fifteen thousand men, under a convoy of twenty 
ships of the line, but was unsuccessful It had been represented to 
the French that England was ripe for revolt, and it only required the 
Pretender to raise his flag to have a large following ; it was therefore 
thought to be a favourable opportunity ; moreover. King George was 
away in Hanover and the Duke of Cumberland, with the most 
serviceable part of the army, in Flanders. It was not, however, until 
the following year, 174i5. that James deputed Prince Charles Edward, 
his son, to make another attempt, which is only referred to here as 
showing a concurrent event, and one in which the 33nd took a minor 



32nd regiment. 33 

part. In the meantime the campaign of 1745 commenced. The 
circumstances which led to it were as follows : on the death of the 
Elector of Bavaria, the Grand Duke of Louraine, husband of Maria 
Theresa, was, in the imperial diet, chosen emperor, As the French 
king could not prevent the succession of the grand duke to the 
imperial throne he resolved to humble the house of Austria by 
making a conquest of the Austrian Flemish provinces. For that 
purpose an army, consisting of eighty thousand men, was assembled 
under Marshal Saxe, in Flanders, who suddenly invested Tournay in 
the beginning of May, 1745. To resist the design of the French the 
Dulce of Cumberland, who had been appointed to the chief command 
of the allied army, assembled at Soignies, marched to the relief of 
Tournay, and, on 28th April, took post at Maulbre, in sight of the 
French army, which was encamped on the heights that rise from the 
right bank of the Scheldt, with that river and the village of Antoine 
on the right, the village of Fonlenoy in their front, and the wood 
Vezon on their left. 

Battle of Fontenoy. 

Fontenoy and Antoine were strongly fortified and garrisoned, and 
redoubts were thrown up between these two villages. On 30th April 
the Duke of Cumberland, having made the requisite dispositions, 
began his march against the enemy's position about 4 o'clock in 
the morning. A brisk cannonade was opened on both sides, which 
soon developed into a general action, and by 9 o'clock both 
armies were closely engaged. Little advantage seemed up to this 
period to have been gained by either side. A supreme effort was now 
made by Cumberland against the left of the French line, and for this 
purpose the British and Hanoverian infantry were burled at them, 
supported by the Dutch on their left. The contest became a hand- 
to-hand struggle, and assumed terrific proportions ; the turning 
movement was successiul, and the French were driven back beyond 
their own tines, and that part of the position carried. But when the 
conquerors looked to their left for the Dutch, who were to have 
attacked simultaneously the right of the French position, it was found 
they had retired in place of advancing, as they got disheartened at 



34 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the galling effects of the French batteries ; one regiment of cavalry — 
the regiment of Hesse- Homburg, seized with panic, galloped 
without drawing tein as far as Alby, from which town its colonel 
wrote a letter to the Dutch gOTcmtnent informing them that the allied 
army had been cut to pieces. 

Undiscou raged, however, by the cowardice of their Allies, the 
heroic British and Hanoverian infantry advanced to the charge of the 
enemy on the right with redoubled ardour ; but, alas, the odds were 
against them. Being exposed on both (lanks to a destructive fire, the 
Duke of Cumberland judged it most judicious to retreat, which was 
effected in tolerable order about 3 o'clock in the afternoon. The 
British cavalry coming up prevented further pursuit, and the infantry 
again presented a formidable front to the enemy. 

A military writer says ; " There is no other example on record of a 
" body of unsupported infantry penetrating a position in the face of a 
"force five times more numerous than itself, under the cross-fire of 
" redoubts full of heavy artillery, and overthrowing successive charges 
" of cavalry and infantry. Though, by the contraction of the ground, 
" it was compressed into a dense and elongated mass of narrow front, 
"it still preserved its stern, undaunted aspect; and pursuing its 
"daring and deliberate advance, the bravest efforts of tbe chivalric 
"nobility of the French household troops, as well as those of the 
"Irish brigades, in succession, were in vain employed lo arrest its 
"progress; and it was only when it had reached the heart of the 
"enemy's position, and its ranks were mowed down by arlillery, and 
"overwhelmed in front and on both flanks by a simultaneous onset 
" of all the cavalry and infantry whom it had repeatedly repelled, that 
" the gallant band was at last cut down and swept off the field, 
" without a symptom of dismay or an effort lo disperse." 

In this battle the loss of the English in killed and wounded was 
about four thousand men ; and that of the Hanoverians, two thou- 
sand. The French acknowledged to the loss of seven thousand. 
The Allies left behind them but few pieces of artillery, and lost no 
standards or prisoners. 

The 32nd lost two sergeants and fourteen rank and file, killed ; 
Lieutenants Lindsay, Meslin, Banks, 3nd Lieutenant How, Ensign 



32nd regiment. 35 

Prescot, five sergeants, and ninety-five rank and file, wounded ; and 
Captain Farquhar and seventeen rank and file missing. 

The following is an extract from the Duke of Cumberland's 
General Orders, issued shortly before what was in them termed the 
expected " day of action " : — 

" Date 29th April, 1745. 

" Gen^ and Staff Officers to attend the British Forces in Flanders : — 
" His Royal Highness the Duke. 
" Brig' Churchill to the Brigade of Royals* (1st). 
" Brig' Skelton to the Brigade of Howard's (3rd)." 

Orders for the march towards the French position : 

" Hall Camp, 1st May, 

** Parole St. Marie et Cassel. 

" The Q'-Masters and Camp Collourmen, & the new grand guard shall 
"assemble to-morrow morning at 2 o'Clock at the head of the Dutch 
"guard Drag* on y« left of y« army. The Highland Regim' to march 
"along w*» the Q'-Masters, and to detach 1 Capt"» 2 officers, and 60 men 
" to secure the Gen'- Officers' Qua«. till y« Gen>- Officers' guards come up. 

" The Gen'- beats at 5, the Assembly at 6, & march be half an hour 
" after. The 1*' Line by the right of the Causeway & y« 2"^ on the left. 

" English and Dutch Train of Artillery are to march abreast on the 
" Causeway, the English on the right, and the Dutch on the left. 

" The Baggage to follow their respective Artillerys, as they are incamp'd. 
" The Hanoverian Artillery and Baggage to follow the English. 

" For the future S' John Ligonier to march at the head of the Foot 
"Guards, & Maj'--Gen'- Ponsonby at the head of the Infantry of y« 1st 
" Line. 

"The Comd»nK officers of the Roy'» (1st Royal Scots), Lord Rothes' 
" (25th), & Skelton's (32nd), to attend S' John Ligonier to-morrow upon 
" the march." 

The retreat of the beaten army was covered by General Ligonier 
and Lord Crawford with bravery and coolness, and Marshall Saxe was 
blamed for not turning the defeat into a rout. He defended himself 



* Brigades were not numbered at this time ; the senior regiment gave its name 
as a distinction to the brigade to which it belonged. 



36 



on (he pounds that •' We had enough of it ; I thought only of 

"restoring order amongst the troops."* 

"Everybody knows," says a writer of the day, "that, after the 
" battle of Fontenoy, our army lay encamped at Lessines. Our 
" situation there was such as must have either kept the French behind 
" the Scheld, or have obliged Ihem to fight us on ground of our own 
" choosing, and in a plain where our cavalry could have acted. This 
" was evident to the meanest soldier in the English troops ; and our 
"generals to a man were sensible of what importance, for the pre- 
" serving Flanders, their preserving that situation was. But, to the 
"amazement of all Europe, an ignominous precipitate retreat was 
"resolved on, and urged in such manner by the generals of our 
" allies, as demonstrated it to be agreeable to the inclinations, if not 
" in consequence of the orders, of their masters. The French could 
" scarcely believe their own good fortune ; and even the people of 
' Brussels hooted and hissed at our troops as they passed along." 

The head-quarters remained at Vilvorden from 3rd August to 19th 
October. This is a small town situated about the centre of the canal 
between Brussels and Antwerp, the vrhole length of which was en- 
tT<!nched and fortified. 

The following extracts from General Orders are of interest : 
" Camp of Ath, May ISii^, 

" Parole St. Jean et Prague. 
"100 Foot.'100 Horses, and 50 Hussars, w* a LieuL-Col. and Major of 
" the Right Wing, must be ready to march, and take their lenis along w^ 
"them. They are to be commanded by Brig' Skelton, and lo parade at 
"the head of M ; G ; How''" (19th Foot). LL-CoI. Ear! Panmure and 
" Maj' Comwallis for this Com'''" 

"Aug' 8i>. 
"Maj' Gen' Zastrow & Brigf Duglass to have the direction of the 
" Intrench" which are making on y canal." 

On 19th July, 1745, liitie more than two months after Fontenoy 
had been fought, the young Chevalier landed in the Highlands, and 
the Scottish clans began to rally round him, It was not until ihe 



32nd regiment. 37 

beginning of September that the king and his ministers began to realize 
the importance of the crisis ; nay, had become fully aware that the 
young Chevalier was actually at that moment upon British soil. A 
message was then despatched to the Duke of Cumberland with 
directions that a part of the Flanders army should at once return 
home. The first general order which intimated such a movement 
occurs under date of September 24th, when as after orders "all 
"the posts of Sowles' (11th), Pultney's (13th), M. G. Howard's 
"(19th), Bragg's (28th), Douglas' (32nd), Johnson's (33rd), and 
" Cholmondeley's (34th) regiments to be relieved immediately. 
** These seven regiments to be ready to march at an hour's warning."* 

These regiments, with the exception of the 19th, and with the 
addition of the brigade of Guards and the Buffs, embarked at 
Wilhelmstadt in October, under the command of Sir John Ligonier, 
and ten days later arrived off Gravesend. The steadiness and good 
order of these troops on embarkation elicited the highest praise from 
Ligonier. 

After its arrival in England, the 32nd Regiment (now commanded 
by Colonel William Douglas,) in the army of the Duke of Cumber- 
land, moved northwards. On 4th December the duke's head-quarters 
were at Stafford, the young Pretender and the Highland army being 
at Derby and in its neighbourhood. The Duke of Cumberland's 
army was brigaded as the following extract from General Orders 
shows : — 

EXTRACT FROM GENERAL ORDERS. 

« L : G : Anstruther & Brigr Bligh— Sempill's (26th), Scotch Fuzileers, 

" (21st), Johnson's (33rd), Douglas' (32nd). 
" M : G : Skelton & Brigr Price— Howd* (3rd Buffs), Skelton's (12th). 
" Brig' Douglas— Bowie's (IXth), Handyside's (31st), The Train." 

The regiment subsequently did good service in Lancashire,t but 
does not appear to have taken part in the battles of Falkirk Moor or 
CuUoden. 

* William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, by Campbell Maclachlan. 

t In Henderson's History of the Rebellion y Douglas' regiment (32nd) is men- 
tioned with others ** who had served so well under the eye of His Royal Highness 
" in Lancashire and Cheshire." 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



■ 1746. 

The regiment pruceeded to Scotland on the dispersal of tlie clans, 
remaining there but a short lime, as they could ill be spared from 
Flanders, where their services were urgently needed. In the autumn 
of 1746 they were back again in that country, under their old chief, 
Sir John Li^oniei. 

On 7th October a sharp affair occurred on the Jaar, in which the 
French were repulsed ; but Saxe, reinforced by Clermont, re-crossed 
that stream a few days later, and the Allies — instead oi opposing the 
passage — sent off their heavy baggage to Maesiricht and chose a new 
position in rear of the villages of Endist, Slinge, and FixhiJ, where 
they awaited the French altaclc. Between Fixhe and Liers was a 
plain, in front of the Hanoverians ; the Brili)^h and Hessians wi^re 
posted in rear of Liers; the Hanoverian genera!, Zastrow, and 
Brigadier Douglas, 32nd regiment, held Warem and Roucoux, and the 
Prince of Waldeck occupied the suburbs of Liege. In this position 
the Allies were vigorously assailed by the French, who advanced in 
three columns, covered by a powerful artillery, and, though at first 
repulsed on the left, gradually extended their attacks along the whole 
front, driving Zastrow out of the villages of Warem and Roucoux 
and compelling the Allies to fall back upon the Meuse, leaving five 
thousand of their dead, chiefly Hessians, on the field. The French, 
too, had been roughly handled, and the retreat was effected without 
interruption. 

This affair ended the year's operations, and on 26th October the 
British and Hessians marched to Venloo, whence they proceeded to 
their winter quarters in the duchies of Limburg and Luxembourg. 

1747-56, 

The Allies were in the field again in April, 1747, the Duke of 

Cumberland having made great prejiarations during the winter ; but 

ill luck seemed to hover around them, and they were outnumbered 

and outmancEuvred by the French. 

Extract from the diary of an officer of the Artillery with the army 
in Flanders, 1747-48 : 



32nd regiment. 39 

" On 22nd May a review of part of our Artillery, with 8 pieces of our 
" short 6-pounders, and 4 regiments of Foot — Conwa/s (48th), Duglesses' 
" (32nd), Crawford's (25th), and Degon's (37th). The Duke came about 10 
" o'clock to review us. Fired about 60 rounds from our guns, and was Done 
" about 1 o'clock. Further, on May y« 24th news came to the Duke that 
" Admir'l Anson had taken six men of war from the French, on y* account 
" our train was ordered to fire, which we performed after sunset. The 
" Austrians Fir'd 30 pieces of cannon at the right of y« camp, the Hano- 
" verians 30, and y« English 21, and a running tire with small arms by the 
" whole allied army — the running fire between every round of cannon three 
" times." 

This wa^ probably the action off Cape Finistere, 3rd May, 1747. 
It must be remembered that the dates in this diary are old style, 
and therefore ample time would have elapsed for the news of this 
victory to have reached Flanders. It will be observed that the 
Orders were dated new style, following the Continental usage, which 
did not become general in England until September, 1752. The day 
following the 2nd of that month was styled the 14th. — (See Lord 
Stanhope's History of England^ vol. iv., ch. 31.) The Order runs 
thus : 

** Camp of Bauwell, Sunday, June 4th, 

" Parole St. Joseph & Berlin. 

" The Army to fire ^feu de joye this evening for the Victory gained by 
Admir'l Anson over the French fleet which he took off Cape Finister." 

On April 20th the British Army was brigaded. 

EXTRACT FROM GENERAL ORDERS. 

" Parole St. Paul & CasselL 

" Duglas, Brir— N : B : Fuzil" (21st), Johnson's (33rd), L : G : How<»'« 

" (3rd Buffs). 
" Mordaunt,* Bri^ —Duglas (32nd), Conway (48th), M : G : Howd 

"(19th), Wolfe,t B.M." 



* John Mordaunt, nephew of the celebrated Earl of Peterboroagh. 
t Afterwards the hero of Quebec. 



40 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

In the meantime the Duke of Cumberland posted his whole armj) ^ 
between the two Nethes, to cover Bergen-op-Zoom and Maestticht ; 
Marshall Saxe called in his detachments, with a view lo hazard a 
general engagement. On 2nd July the Allies were posted with 
their right on Bilsen and their left on Wirle, within a mile of Mae- 
stricht and the village of Laffeldt, which Say on their left front, and 
was held by several British regiments. The French occupied the 
heights of Herdeeven, and proceeded to attack on the following 
morning the village of Laffeldt and met with a stubborn resistance, 
and, although repeatedly driven back, their places were taken by fresh 
troops with astonishing perseverance ; and — after the village bad 
been three times lost and carried— they maintained their position in 
it. On this the Duke of Cumberland made a supreme effort and 
advanced with the whole of his left wing. When victory seemed 
within his grasp, the Dutch cavalry in the centre gave way, and in their 
flight upset a brigade of infantry, who also began to retire, whereupon 
the French cavalry charged and completed the victory for the French. 
The Allies were only saved from the defeat becoming a disaster by 
the brave Sir John Ligonier charging at the head of his cavalry, 
resolving to sacrifice himself and a part of his troops to the safety of 
the army — enabling the Duke of Cumberland to effect an orderly 
retreat to Maestricht. He himself was taken prisoner, having had his 
horse killed under him. The 3iind lost Major Roper and tour rank 
and file, killed ; Lieutenants Stephens and Gore, and sixty-four rank 
and lile, wounded ; and twenty-six rank and tile missing. 

Extracts. 

" June the 20, 1747. 

" March'd by 3 o'clock in the morning and Left Masirick 1 mile to y= 
" Left about 12 o'clock y French Hussars attack'd our Hussars on a Hill 
"whereof Proceeded a Smart Engage' In a Liiile time made y" Re treat 
"into a village where they had a Battery of 5 or 6 Guns, but the English 
" Immediately brought up to the top of the Hill six six pounders a great 
" Many Shots fir'd on both Sides, we blew up one of their Balterys with 
" a shell and kill'd a Great Many of them tho' there was scarce any such 
" thing as Seeing of them by reason the Village was so thick of Trees, they 
" Killed but two of our men that evening 1 Bombardier and 1 Maltross, it 



32nd regiment. 



411 



" min'd so prodigious hard that at Last both Parties Left of Fireing, in the 
" mean time we Detach'd two Pieces of Cannon to ever>- Reg' as far as 
"they would allow of Number they was Short Sixes and Long three 
" Pounders. Draw'd the rest of the heavy Cannon into the Park and in 
" the night Erected Batterys for our 12 and 9 Pounders faceing the Village 
"and Prepar'd ourselves in readiness for an Engagement the Next Day. 
"Lay on our Arms all that night in the Open Field Continued Rayning all i 
"night nothing to be Got to Eat." 



" Baltic of Mas-i: Plain. 

"Sunday J uney" 211747. ' 

"The English begun Cannonading from our Battery, that was erected 
"in the night we begun about 5 o'clock morning the French begun about 
"0 o'clock and Continued Cannonading until half an hom after 8 o'clock, 
"then the French Advanc'd Accordingly the English, Hanoverians, and 
" Hersoins advanc'd with two pieces of Cannon with every Reg'- advanc'd 1 
" and Fir'd at one another for three hours and a half as fast as we cc 
" load at half an hour after II o'clock they at last retreated we following 
"with Loud Huzzas, the Dutch Horse gave way and the Ausierians 
" never comeing to liack us, and a large baddy of both horse and Foot 
" Comeing from the right to the Assistance of the French and as they say 
"the French King Comeing up Inspir'd them with new Life and Courage 1 
"which Caused them Immediately to turn and Advance on us, n 
" Furiously and they really behav'd Very Well. Tho' we Cut them Down wii" 
" Grape Shot from our Batterys of 12 Pounders yy Did not Seem to mind 
"it, but lil'd up their Intervals that we made as they Advanc'd, 

" Being over Power'd we was at Last Oblig't! to retreat Something 
"faster than we Advanc'd, and In our retreat we left 9 three Pounders 
"H Short Six pounders 1 Long Six pounder with three Colours and a 
" Kittle Drum the Hanoverians Lost Six pieces of Cannon as to the Loss 
" of Men on both Sides I Cannot tell as yet. S' Jo" Ligonier was Taken 
" Prisoner and several oflicers of Distinction we Lost More of the Artillery 
" People that Day than Ever was known at any Battle before, hut if the 
" Dutch had done their Duly and Austerians had come to back us we 
*' should have woon the Day, but was Oblig'd to Retreat as far as Mostrick, 
" and Lay on our Arms that night, and if it had not been for the Town 
"that Cover'd our retreat we should certainly been all taken prisoners. 
"This battle was on the plains of Mastrick Near Elke was call'd y BalUe 
"ofValorLaffclL" 



4L' HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

The Duke of Cumberland, in his despatch, acquitted the Austrians 
of the charge of bad behaviour on this occasion. 

Saxe next determined to attack Bergen-op-Zoom, the strongest forti- 
ficatton of Dutch Brabenl, tlie famous work of the engineer Coehorn, 
and looked upon as invincible. No attempt appears to have been 
made to relieve it by the Allies after the siege bad actually commenced, 
probably on account of the obstinacy of the governor, Baron Cron- 
Strom, who considered that the fortress was impregnable. Afier great 
loss of life and innumerable unsuccessful attempts, Count Lowendahl 
ileiermined to storm the place and was successful — not, however, 
without meeting with greai resistance, after he had obtained possession 
of the ramparts from some Scotch regiments, who disputed every inch 
of ground as the French troops penetrated into the town. On the 
conclusion of this siege an armistice followed ; the British moving 
to cover Maestricht and Breda. 

13th September, 1747. To q\xo\c from the before-mentioned 
diary : 

"We have an Epidemical Disorder Throughout all our allied army 
"which is the Uloody Flux* carries several off in a Day, tbcy say the 
" French has the same distemper but more violent. At the end of October 
" the Army went into winter Quarters, many officers proceeded on leave to 
" England." 

Il appears from the same source (although not absolutely stated) 
thai Douglas' regiment (32nd) occupied winter quarters in Breda, 
1747-48, Early in March, 17*8, troops were moved towards Maes- 
tricht "for it IS thought that the French are going to lay siege to it." 
There marrheil In defend that town, fifteen regiments of foot and five 
of horse, two guns being sent to every foot regiment, following the 
unaccountable fashion of the time; Douglas' (32nd) was apparently 
not with this force. 

Whilst at Breda a curious oath was administered to the army which 
is best described by the writer of the before-mentioned diary — 

• Dysentciy. 



32nd regiment. 43 

" 1747, Breda Town, November y« 7th. 

"At 11 o'clock all the English Soldiers Likewise the Artillery People 
" was under arms on the parade and took an oath, at the same time held 
" up the two first fingers of their Right hand while the oath was reading, which 
" was, that we was to aid and to assist the inhabitants and not to wrong or 
** Defraud them, the oath was taken before my Lord Albemarle and y« 
" Governor of y« Town. 

" On April 29, 1748, a cessation of arms was wrote in orders, the Duke 
" at the same gave orders that the Troops should render the same discipline 
" as usual notwithstanding the cessation. 

Under date May 11th the diary continues : 

" Encamped on an open moor 10 miles from the Bush of Brabent where 
" we joined all the English army and four more Reg'** that Lay at Breda 
" with 3 more that came from England — Nesselroy Camp. 

"June llth all y« Regiments was under arms by 4 evening for a Feu-de- 
^^Joy it being the King's Succession to the Crown, there was 22 Regts. of 
" English Infantry and 5 Reg^*- of Cavalry and the Heavy Train which was 
"6 Twelve poundei-s 6 Nine pounders and 14 Long Sixes y* Hanoverians 
"y' was under arms was 21 Regt^- of Infantry and 10 of Horse they was 
"drawn up in two lines. The English and Hanoverians Horse at y« 
" First and second line and y« Hanoverians Infantry at y« left of y« first 
" and second, the front line reached about 3 miles and half as Likewise 
" Did ye second. The English Train was drawn up in the center of y« 
"rear Line. Y« Duke took his post between the Hanoverians and y« 
" English, at Sun Set y* train Fir'd 60 and then they begun at y* Right of 
" y« front line with a running fire and came down to y« Left and so went 
" back in the Rear to y* Right, then the Artillery Fir'd 50 Rounds more 
" and the foot look it up as before with a Running Fire which was per- 
" formed three times with 3 Huzzas up and Down the Lines in y« manner 
" of y« running Fire, and then ordered to march to our Camp where we 
" arrived by 9 o'clock." 

At the end of June, 1748, the camp was broken up and the troops 
went into Cantonments, Colonel Leighton's (32nd) regiment being 
at Boxtel together with Colonel Woolf 's. 

" August ye 4th 1748. 

"General Sickness thro' all y* English Regiments, Taken with a Pain in 
" the head. Fever & Eague, above three fourths of y* Regiments had it 
"and a Great Number Died, Especially those which Lay on y« Low 
" Ground, the only remedy was Setons in y« neck and drinking ye water 
" after it was boil'd." 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

In [he closing months of 1 748 a general peace was negotiated, bring- 
ing to a conclusion a war which was prosecuted on the side of the 
Allies without conduct, spirit, or unanimity. In the Netherlands they 
were outnumbered and outwitted by the enemy. They never hazarded 
a battle without sustaining a defeat, Their vast armies, paid by Great 
Britain, lay inactive and beheld one fortress reduced after another, 
until the whole country was subdued; and as their generals fought, 
their plenipotentiaries negotiated. What, then, were the fruits which 
Britain reaped from this long and desperate war ? A dreadful expense 
of blood and treasure, disgrace upon disgrace, an additional load of 
grie^'ous impositions, and the National Debt accumulated to the 
enormous sum of eighty millions sterling.* 

Such is the historian Smollett's opinion, but had he lived in our time, 
he would probably have considerably modified his opinions. It must 
be remembered that his criticisms were written at a time when many 
believed that Kngland had been worsted, had given up the important 
isle of Cape Breton for a petty factory in the East Indies btionging to a 
private Ct'mfany,^ and relinquished her conquests in North America. 

Brigadier Douglas having died the year previous, viz., 1st December, 

1747, was succeeded by Colonel Francis I-eighton, as colonel of the 
regiment. 

On the conclusion of peace, before narrated, the whole of the 
British troops were wididrawn from the Low Countries. In December, 

1748, the 32nd Regiment was at Chelmsford, and was reduced by 
two companies. In 1749 it was sent to Gibraltar, the scene of its 
earliest experiences 

The original idea for which the regiment was raised appears to 
have been carried out from this station, and detachments were sent 
from time to time to serve on board the ships of war as occasion 
required. The regiment remained in Gibraltar from 1749 to 1753, 
when the)- were relieved by the 6th r^ment, sent to England, 
and stationed in North Britain for ten years. Id 1755 it was ia 
Edinburgh: Francis Letghton, colonel; Richmond Webb, lieulerunt- 
colonel ; William Taylor, major. 



32nd regiment, 45 



1766-72. 

War was again declared with P>ance 10th February, 1756, in con- 
sequence of the French menaces against the Island of Minorca, when 
Admiral Byng's fleet failed to relieve it ; but the 32nd took no part 
in it, and therefore only indirectly concerns us here. 

The army had been considerably reduced on the conclusion of the 
Peace of 1753, so now it had to be suddenly augmented at a vast 
expense, and fifteen new second battalions were raised ; the 2nd 
battalion 32nd being raised in Scotland, where a considerable addition 
to the Government bounty was made by the several counties. The 
following officers of the 1st battalion 32nd Regiment were appointed 
to the 2nd battalion : 

Captain William McDowall Major. 

Captain-Lieutenant Robert Rogers - - - - Captain. 

Lieutenant Patrick Blake Captain. 

Lieutenant James Stuart Captain. 

In less than two years the 2nd battalion was formed into a 
separate regiment, became the 71st, and was disbanded in 1763, 
having only existed for seven years. It does not appear to have 
been employed abroad during its short career as 2nd battalion 32nd 
Regiment. 

In 1762, the 32nd was at Glasgow, the strength of the regiment 
being forty-two officers, fifty-six non-commissioned officers, and eight 
hundred and fifty-six privates ; total, nine hundred and fifty-four. 
The establishment was at that time one thousand and thirty-four of 
all ranks. After the peace the followmg reductions were made, viz., 
one surgeon's mate; one lieutenant, one sergeant, and fifty-three 
privates per company. 

In February, 1763, a General Peace was signed at Fontainebleau, 
and the usual reliefs and reductions followed. The 32nd was sent 
abroad to the Island of St. Vincent, Christmas, 1764, and, from an 
old manuscript which was sent to the compiler of this history by 
Colonel O. H. A. Nicholls, R.A. (now major-general), it appears the 
regiment suffered considerably from sickness in that island. 



4(l HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

The morlality was excessive,* the Official Army List shows the 
regiment during this period as in "the Charibbee Islands," viz., from 
1764 to 1774. 

1773-75. 

In 1773 the colonel of the regiment {General Francis Leighton^ 
died, and was succeeded by Lieu tenant-General Robert Robinson, 
who resigned it for the governorship of Pendennis Castle, and was 
in turn succeeded by Lieutenant-General William Amherst, 18th 
October, 1775, adjutant-general ai head-quarters. 

The regiment returned home in 1773, and was stationed at Wells; 
from thence they proceeded to Bath,+ and in 1774 we find them in 
Salisbury, probably having been moved about in the hopes of raising 
more men after their losses in the Carribbee Islands. In October of 
that year they look part in a grand review at Richmond On 
December 17th, 1775,1 ^^^y were moved to Ireland ; the head-quariers 
and three companies, together with women and children, and all the 
records of the regiment, embarked in the Rockingham Castle, transport, 
which was wrecked outside the Cove of Cork.| An interesting 
account of the sad event appeared in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 
xlvi., p. 43, December 'J3rd : — " The Rockingham, transport, was 
"unfortunately lost by mistaking Robert's Cove for Cork Harbour 
"in the nighL She had three companies of the 32nd Regiment of 
" Foot on board ; Lieutenant Marsh and his wife. Ensign Sandiman, 
"Lieutenant Barker's wife, and upwards of ninety soldiers, with 
"the captain and crew, perished. The officers saved were Captain 



* According lo the report of ihc Secretory al Wnr, of Ihc troops sent to (he 
West Indies from 17M 10 177* only nine hundred and Ihiny-five had died out of 
over four thousand. Soulhcy, Hislery of Ike Wtst Indies. 

\ On the 24th May, the 32nd Regiment of Foot, which had been :ilationed at 
St. Vincent upvfaids of cieht yean, marched into Bath from Wells. The private 
soldiers were only eighty-five in number^ — GenllemaH'i Ufagaiiiu, 1773. 

X This year ihe !12nd, while al Chatham, was augmented by one sergeant, one 
corporal, and ciebteen privates per company. 

§ The day previous to Ihe loss of Ihe /tetHnghain CaslU, Lieu teoftut -Colonel 
Campbell and Captain Parker went on boord a pilot boat, and thiu escaped ihc 
fate of the others. 



32nd regiment. 47 

"Glover, Lieutenants Booth and Cator, and the doctor's mate. 
"*It is impossible/ says the writer of the account, *to paint the 
" distress of the officers and soldiers who were saved ; the greater 
" part of whom, being cast on the rocks, had their flesh torn in a 
** most shocking manner, and, instead of receiving the least assistance 
" from the inhabitants, were attacked by some thousands of the 
"Common people, who carried away every article that could be 
" saved from the wreck.' " 

Captain Glover, probably John Flower, Captain, 15th July, 1768. 
Lieut. Marsh „ Robert March, Lieutenant, 13th April, 1774. 

„ Barker „ Edward Parker, Lieutenant, 26th December, 1770. 

„ Booth „ Leeds Booth, Lieutenant, 7th June, 1773. 

„ Cator „ J. Chilton L. Carter, Lieutenant, 8th June, 1774. 

Ensign Sandiman does not appear in the Annual Army Lists of this 
time, probably he had lately joined. 

Another account from the Annual Register^ vol. xviii., p. 187, states 
that " five officers and twenty soldiers saved themselves in the flat- 
" bottomed boat." 

1774-82. 

The remainder of the regiment reached its destination safely and 
were quartered in Ireland during the next few years — years of trouble 
and anxiety. The rupture with the American colonies took place 
about this time, and was followed by a declaration of war against 
France and Spain. The 32nd Regiment, as before stated, took no 
part in these wars beyond furnishing volunteers for different regi- 
ments as occasion required. Its first station was Cork, where it 
remained until February, 1776 ; and during its stay there some men 
were drafted into the 15th and 16th regiments, about to embark for 
America. 

The regiment then went to Clonmel and Waterford, furnishing a 
draft of one hundred men to the 9th Regiment In June, 1777, 
it was ordered to Dublin, having been completed to six hundred 
rank and file ; and, as far as can be ascertained, remained there until 



48 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



October, 1783. It was during this time that an unfortunate affair 
took place, in which one officer lost his life, but as it appears to have 
been only a persona! matter, and — more or less — the result of an 
accident, it has not been thought necessary to place il on record 
here. 

At this period of the existence of the regiment, county titles were 
assigned to the regiments of infantry of the line, and a letter, dated 
31st August, 1782, conveyed to the regiment His Majesty's pleasure 
that county titles should be given to regiments of infantry, and the 
32nd was directed to assume ihe name of the " Cornwall Regiment," 
in order that a connexion between the corps and that county should 
be cultivated which might be useful in furthering the success of (he 
recruiting service. 

178 3-94. 

The preliminaries of the treaties between England, France and 
Spain, were signed at Versailles on 20th January, 1783. St. Lucia 
was returned to France, also the settlements on the river Senegal 
and the city of Pondicherry, in the East Indies. France relinquished 
all her West India conquests, with the exception of Tobago ; Spain 
retained Minorca (which she had captured in the previous year) and 
West Florida ; East Florida was ceded in exchange for the restitution 
of the Bahamas lo Great Britain. The preliminaries of peace with 
the Dutch were not signed until 2nd September, 1783.* 

In October, 1783, the regiment was ordered (o embark, under ihe 
command of Major Strachan, for Gibraltar,! where it was stationed 
until the winter of 1792, when it proceeded to the West Indies, under 
the command of Major Edwards. It reached Barbadoes, and, with 
the e."Cception of the companies detached lo Tobago, remained there 
until 1793, when those men who were deemed fit for service were 
drafted to other regiments. 



• Cannon, Hislariial Records ef Jlst fttgimeni. 

t ll is recorded of a distinguished uldicr, Gunenl Lord Blayney, who joined 
ihc 32nd Regimen) at Uibiallar, in 1789, as an cnagn, thai he bad ihe apporlunity 
of fomuog his principles and fulBie conduct from the regiment lieing at Ihal 
period remarkable for ilt cxccllcnl order, and most pcrfea stale of eicmplaty good 
discipline,— X. M. Calendar, iil, 3. 



■'■-*< 



32nd regiment. 



49 



tl 




GENERAL JOHNSON. 



The officers, non-commissioned 
officers, and remaining privates re- 
turned to England, and were subse- 
Hiently stationed in the island of 
Icrsey, where, in the year 1794, the 
regiment was rendered fit for service 
by drafts from Duncannon Fort, and 
again ordered to the West Indies, 
proceeding — for the purpose of em- 
barkingfnrthatstation — to Plymouth, 
where transports were in readiness. 
A delay in the sailing of those vessels 
occurred, and the men became sickly. 
The following interesting extract is 
from the journal of a very young 
officer. Captain (afterwards General) Johnson,' who was transferred 
to the .land from the 2nd Queen's when little more than sixteen years 
of age. He relates how the 32nd were very nearly wrecked a second 
time, and what a narrow escape they had : 

" However, we was not long with out orders to sail imediatly. I then 
" went on Board oui Transport {which was called the Tkomits), where [ 
" waled some time for a wind, and one day the wind came a little fare the 
" Signal was made & our anchor was up, when the wind came about again, 
"so we was obliged to wate some lime longer. Duretng this time our 
" men, from being so much crowded, got very sickly. This at first was 
" noi Paid much attention lo. We was still waiting for a wind, & lying in 
" the Sound, when one day it blew reaiher fresh, and at Night a very great 
" storm. About eight o'clock our cable Broak, & as we was one of the 
"nearest to the Shore, our Ship drifted till we was dashed against the Rocks, 
" the sailors then got up & Backed the main & niisen Top Sails & by great 
"good luck we did nol stick fast (but we got three or four thumps, that I 
" thought would have nocked the ships bottom out) so went stummost into 
"Catwatei, where we put out our other ancor and there Road in safety till 
"morning, when our ship was ordered to be looked at and we found some 
"of the Peaces of rock sticking to the bottum, which had prevented the 



* For Mrvices of this distinguished officer, see Appendix E. 



" ship from sinking. Everybody on board, even the Master of the Ship, 
" said he never heard of such an escape in his life. Our Transport was so 
" much disabled that ivc was ordred on Board the Aulumii Transport, 
" soon after this there came an order down that all the Regts. should be 
"disembarked thai was not five hundred strong and fit for service. We at 
" that lime had more Ihan two hundred men sick, & by that means we had 
" not more than three hundred men fit for service, so our Regt., with 17lh, 
"31st, 48th, & 67lh, was ordered to disembark and go in Temporare 
" barracks. Our Regl. was at Mill Prison, the others in the New Barracks 
" in Plymouth. The OtJicers had lodgings in the Town of Plymoulh." 

1795. 

After waiting some time, expecting fresh transports, the regiment 
was ordered to Cork, and thence to Spike Island into camp — as the 
writer of the foregoing extract says, " a nasty, boggy place "—and was 
there when the 105th and U3th regiments mutinied,* "which was 
" near being a very serious business, but by Genl. Massey's exertion 
" they all laid down there armes. There were near 2,000 men that 
" mutinied." 



• Both these r^menls were afterwards ilxsbanded. 



[61 



THIRD PERIOD. 




1706-1812. 
St. Domingo.— Siege of Burgos. 

N extensive rising of slaves on the French plantations in St. 
Domingo (Hayti) having occurred in 1791 — in a few days the 
insurgents mustered one hundred thousand men, and it would be 
impossible to depict the horrors which had been perpetrated by these 
desperate men, who had been driven into revolt by the barbarous 
cruelties practised by their former masters — the most fertile portions 
of the island became a desolate waste ; the French settlers managed 
to hold out in a few isolated positions, and it was at this time that the 
British government resolved to interfere. Jeremie was taken by 
Commodore Ford, September 1793; Cape St. Nicholas Mole followed; 
then, in 1794, Cape Tiburon and Port au Prince. Although some 
of these places were retaken by the French republic, others remained 
in the hands of the British ; amongst them St. Nicholas Mole and 
another place were retained and occupied by small British garrisons. 
It was at this juncture of affairs, in 1795, that the British government 
despatched a relieving force to succour their own garrisons, and, at 
the same time, to endeavour to bring to an end the state of anarchy 
which was becoming chronic in St. Domingo. 

1706-1806. 

Sir Ralph Abercromby was appointed to command the expedition, 
Major-General White going out with him in command of one of the 
divisions. The 32nd was one of the regiments ordered out with the 
expedition, and formed part of the force under the latter general. 
This portion of the force reached St. Nicholas Mole in May, 1796. 
A curious incident occurred as the transport, with the 32nd Regiment 
on board, was entering the harbour : a fine horse was observed 



63 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

swimming across the bows of the ship ; the animal was secured, and 
was afterwards used by Colonel Mason, as his charger, up to the time 
of his death. 

One of the transports bringing the force had been captured by a 
French cruiser. Amongst the troops there were some 32nd men, and 
an assistant- surge on of the same regiment ; they were taken into 
Guadeloupe ; Victor Hugues was the governor at the time. He 
released the assistant surgeon at once, with the laconic remark thai, 
" wherever he went he would do far more harm than good with his 
"medicines and flannel shirts," Another very interesting incident 
may be related here, as it occurred about the same time, and refers to 
the captured transport before mentioned. Lieut en ant-General 
Wetherall* was also a passenger on board, having been sent out with 
despatches for Sir Ralph Abercromby. He was kept a prisoner for 
upwards of nine months, closely confined in a dungeon, in irons, 
without any other clothing than a shirt and a pair o( trousers, and on 
a daily allowance of three biscuits and a quart of water. The 
detachment of 32nd that were taken prisoners at the same lime, but 
who had been given their liberty to roam about the town, hearing of 
the inhuman treatment of General Wetherall, raised a subscription of 
eleven guineas amongst them, which they forwarded to him, concealed 
.in a small loaf of bread, through the medium of a negro employed in 
the deUvery of provisions to the English prisoners, with a note from 
the sergeant, requesting — in the name of the men— his acceptance of 
the money as a small token of iheir esteem, and in the hope of its 
affording some relief and comfort to him under his sufferings. For 
this noble act a commission was subsequently conferred on the 
sergeant, t One more incident, which reflects great credit on the 
discipline of the regiment, may here be narrated, as told by Major 
Ross-Lewin, who, during the stay of the regiment at St. Nicholas 
Mole, was a youthful subaltern of the grenadier company, and, during 
the latter part of the time, one of the two effective officers present 



' For services of General Wcihcrall, see *,^/. Calendar, vol. ii., p- 351, 
t Sergeant Henry Boone, promoted Ensign in 2ii[] West India Regiment, 
S4th October, 179B. 



32nd regiment. 



fiS 



irith the Ti 



e regiment. " When I fell sick," he says, " I had payment of 
"the grenadier company, and during my illness the money for ihat 
" purpose was kept in a trunk in the hospital, as my pay-sergeant, like 
" myself, was confined to his bed. The soldiers paid themselves, 
"taking what dollars they required when they pleased, yet, when I 
" was afterwards called upon lo make up my accounts, these men 
"came forward, much to their honour, and acknowledged every 
" dollar they had taken." 

To return to the disembarkation; the troops were landed as early 
as possible. Brigadier- General Forbes, with pan of the 13th Light 
Dragoons, and the 32nd, 56th, 67th, and 81sl regiments, proceeded 
to attack the fort of Bouiparde, sixteen miles off, The column 
paraded very early in the morning, receiving their rations, biscuits, 
salt pork, and grog. They were kepi under arms until !) a.m., by 
which time most of the men had emptied their canteens. 

Two paths led to the fort, one of which it was said was intercepted, 
and the other ran through a deep close ravine, the sand from which 
rose in fine dust as the troops advanced. The route was devoid of water, 
and, apparently, none was taken ; the consequence being that many of 
the men fell out, and fourteen died of heat apoplexy before having 
advanced two miles ; and those who had imprudently drunk up their 
grog were to be seen sucking the perspiration out of their shirt sleeves, 
the tongues of many of them hanging out of their mouths dry and 
swollen and black with flies ; some even had recourse to the last 
extremity to quench their thirst. After frightful sufferings and 
considerable loss of life, Bomparde was reached : a strong quadrang- 
ular fori, with cannon mounted at the angles, and a formidable ditch, 
with a sort of town beyond. Water was here obtained, and the 
survivors refreshed. Opening a fire on the fort, which was quickly 
responded lo, Lieutenant Ncsbitt and Adjulani Ross, o( the 3'2nd, 
were wounded. The enemy, however, evacuated the fort before very 
long, and the brigade marched in and took possession. 

The duties were heavy and arduous, and the losses considerable, 
not only from the enemy, but on account of the deadliness of the 
climate. Major Ross-Lewin relates as follows, "one of the worst 
" checks we received was owing to being surprised by the enemy one 



< 



54 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" morning before daybreak at tbe advanced post of Pa!iss&, about 
"two miles distant from the fort and on the road to the mole. A 
" captain, with three subalterns and fifty men of the regiment, were on 
"outpost duty: they were surprised and cut to pieces, only the 
"captain and one soldier escaped into a wood adjoining. Lieutenants 
" Williams, White, aud Power, together with forty-nine non- 
"commissioned officers and men, were overpowered. The post was 
" retaken during the following day by the S^nd and 8Isl regiments and 
" a few men of the 13th Light Dragoons. Fort Bomparde was eventually 

"evacuated. Lieutenant R 1, uf the regiment, died very 

" suddenly, and the force suffered much from tbe swampy nature of the 

" soil." 

Defences had been erected at the mole, close to the place of 
embarkation ; and the force having been ordered to withdraw, owing 
to the difficulty of keeping up communication with St. Nicholas, the 
3'2nd embarked with nothing but the mere skeleton of the regiment, 
after a twelve months stay in Si. Domingo, where it lost thirty-two 
officers. It was then sent to Nassau, where it remained some 
lime, having been filled up with convalescents from other corps. 

The following incident in connexion with this movement is related 
by the same officer : — 

" At the nearest part of the seashore, about seven miles from us, a 
" platform for guns was laid, in order to cover the embarkation of the 
"guns and sick, and a ship of war and some transports were sent 
" round to receive ihem. As there was only one pathway leading from 
" Bomparde to this point, the transport of the sick was very tedious. 
" They were conveyed on hospital stretchers fitted with long poles, 
"and borne on men's shoulders; but all hopeless cases, not expected 
" to last many hours, were ordered to be left behind. Among the sick 
"so condemned was a brother officer ol mine, and him I was deter- 
" mined not to abandon before every effort in my power had been 
" made for his removal ; but il was with regret that I saw the last 
"fatigue party move off after having applied in vain lo the 
"commanding officer^an officer who declared thai no man could be 
" spared. My only resource then was to go to a few black prisoners, 



J 



32nd regiment. 55 

" who were digging graves near to the hospital huts, and I brought 
" two of them, without orders, to the sick man's room. He was lying 
" on a stretcher, quite insensible, and swollen to an enormous size, 
•' being naturally very tall and robust, and I am very confident that 
" four of our men would have found it a severe task to carry him to 
" the shore. The blacks could not lift the stretcher, but gave me to 
'* understand that they could carry it if once placed on their heads. I 
" had this done, and they moved off apparently with ease. They had no 
'* escort, not even a single person to watch them, and might easily have 
" got rid of their burden and made off into the woods. Nevertheless, 
" they conveyed it faithfully to the platform. He was then taken on 
" board on a stretcher, and shortly afterwards his honest heart, poor 
" fellow, had ceased to beat for ever." 

The regiment was sent to New Providence, and, remaining there 
only a short time, returned to Portsmouth in a very weak state, prob- 
ably owing to having given drafts to other regiments ; it was then sent 
on to Guildford to be completed by Irish drafts from Chatham. From 
Guildford it was ordered to the West of England, and stationed at 
Tavistock and launceston. 

From Launceston the regiment removed to Bridgewater, where 
there had been serious riots, owing to the high price of bread. The 
officers took the initiative in getting up a subscription for the relief of 
the starving people. 

While at Bridgewater, the whole of the Irish lads in the regiment 
were drafted to corps in India, and the regiment removed to Bristol, 
en route to Waterford, leaving recruiting parties at Launceston, 
Bodmin, Truro, Exeter, Tiverton, Barnstaple, and Minehead. 

From Waterford the regiment moved to Dundalk, and, after a sojourn 
there, to Kilkenny, and thence to Dublin, where it was employed 
with the force in quelling the rising of July 23rd and 24th, 1803. 

The insurrection broke out with the murders of Colonel Browne, 
21st Fusiliers, and Lord Kilwarden, whose nephew met a similar 
fate. Lord Kilwarden was dragged out of his carriage and mortally 
wounded by the mob, and died in the arms of Assistant-Surgeon 
Emery of the regiment. 



RECORDS OF 1 



A second battalion was 
added lo each regiment 
of the line, and officers were 
sent into Cornwall Co r& 

1807. 
The Ut battalion 32nd 
was ordered to Kinsale, 
Charlesfon, and Bandon 
uniii July, 1807, when they 
embarked Tor Porlsmouth 
to join the expeditionary 
force proceeding to Copen- 
hagen, which was kept a 
profound secret ai the time. 
Captain Ross-Levrin says:— 
■' My cor|)s (32nd) was at 
"this time a beautiful one, 

"mustering one thousand strong, and did not leave a man behind, 

" a very unusual circumstance with raiments." 

Copenhagen. 

Portsmouth was reached on the 16th July, after an eight days' 
passage, and on the 17th all the transports, with troops on boanl, 
having arrived, the whole fleet weighed, and sailed for the Downs. 
The 32nd was disembarked at Ramsgate and marched to Deal, re- 
maining there ihree or four days, and then returned to Ramsgaie, 
where it was again embarked, and sailed with the rest of the 
fleet which had rendezvoused in the Downs.* Here the destination of 
the fleet was first learned — namely, to Copenhagen — there lo seize the 
Danish fleet, though this act of hostility had not been preceded by a 
formal declaration of war. " Five days after, we landed and proceeded 
" to invest the town. Our first work was the erection of batteries. 




* The 32nd Regiment enilarked July 26ih and 27lh, 1S07, ai Rami^ic, on 
board ihe P^sgr- Succai, Prinien a/ WaUi, and Relrcai, wiib ihc Expedition to 
Copcnhftgen.— Extract from MSS. at Royal United Service iMtitulion. 



32nd regiment. 



»7 1 






"The troops bivouacked in the lidds, building wigwams of branches of 
" trees and thatching them with sheaf corn. '1 he Danish gunboats and 
" praams threw heavy shot amongst us occasionally, but they did httlc 
" damage. The Royal Family retired into Holstein ; and the greater 
"part of the country people in the vicinity fled into Copenhagen at 
"our approach. 

" About the 25ih, mortar batteries were erected within a quarter of 
" a mile of the city. The weather became very sultry and the dews at 
" night heavy. The Danes did net seem lo be inclined to venture out, 
" and the few that showed themselves were picked off by our riflemen. 
" At length ihey made two sorties ; the first along the lower road near 
" the beach, on the extreme left ol our line, where a heavy battery had 
" been lately erected and two field-pieces placed behind a traverse by 
" the British. Sir George Smith,* a zealous and indefatigable soldier, 
" had been stationed since the investment at this post, and soon re- 
" pelled the attack. It was a point of much im;K(rtance, as the battery 
"covered the landing of our stores. The second sortie was made not 
" quite so much to the left as the former one. The Danish force con- 
" sisied of detachments of the Danish guards, Norwegian hfe regiment, 
" and Volunteer rifle corps. The advanced picquels of the left wing 
"of our army alone were engaged with them, and succeeded in re- 
" pulsing them. The front of the picquets was protected by a sunk 
" fence, which was calculateil to afford them tolerable cover. 

"Sir Arthur Weliesley proceeded with the light brigade into the 
"interior of the island to prevent the militia from assemb.ing. On 
" 39th July, 1807, he defeated the Danes near Kioge, and took about 
"eleven hundred prisoners. 

" On 1st September the City was summoned in vain,and the following 
" night we commenced shelling it, and not until eleven hundred of the 
" inhabitants were killed and one-lhird of the town in ashes was there 
" any sign of surrender. On 6th September a fls^ of truce was sent 
" out, and on the following day it was stipulated that all vessels and 

* Lie uteiuuit- Colonel Smilh, with the 83nd R^ment undei his command, held 
the post at the windmill on ihe left, which for the greater pail of Ihc lime was 
ihe moll exposed li> ihc yuQ)>oais and sorties uf the enemy.— E,\iract from Lutd 
Calbcart's detipatcb. 



1 



I 

L 



58 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

"naval stores belonging to the King of Denmark should be yielded 
"and immediate possession of the citadel and arsenal given to the 
" British, on condition that the island of Zealand be evacuated by them 
" within the space of six weeks. After the fall of Copenhagen the 1st 
" battalion 32nd Regimen did duty in the dockyard, and whilst there 
"received a draft of two hundred and forty-one men, under Captain 
"Gibson, from the 2nd battalion." 

It was also agreed that a mutual restitution of prisoners should take 
place, and that all public and private property, with the exception of 
the royal shipping and naval stores, should be respected 

Thanks to the exertions of the seamen and soldiers, the prizes were 
ready for sea before the stipulated lime, and on 21st October the 
Expedition, with prizes in company, sailed out of the Sound on the 
way home. The value of the ships thus brought away, each ship 
equipped with stores for three years, was estimated at four and a half 
millions sterling ; but, as no formal declaration of war had been made, 
it was held that the captors were ineligible for prize money. A grant 
of ;^900,000 was, however, given by way of compensation. 

The regiment returned to England in His Majesty's ship Ganges 
and her prize, the Princess Sop/iU Fnderica^ and landed at Deal, 
remaining a fuw days at Margate and Ramsgale, and then were 
ordered to Gosport, where a draft of ninety-nine men, under Captain 
Crowe, joined from the 2nd battalion. 

The commanding officer. Lieutenant -Colon el Hinde, received the 
following communication from Lieutenant-General Lord Cathcart : 
" Gloucester Place, 

" 1st February, 1808. 
" Sir, 

" I take the earliest opportunity of transmitting to you a copy of the 
" resolutions of the House of Lords, and of those of the House of 



• The Princi Sophia Fnderica was buill in 177S ; lenEth on gun deck, 175 
feet : extreme br& dth, 4H feci ; depth in hold, 19 feel S inches : numlier of gun 
ports, 56. — Nava, Mpers respecling CopenKagin, &'e., presented lo Parlinment 
in 1S08. 

he time, so the discomrort for (hoieoii board 



32nd regiment. 59 

" Commons, dated 28th January, 1808, which contains the thanks of both 
" Houses of Parliament to the army employed in Zealand. In communi- 
*' eating to you this most signal mark of the approbation of Parliament 
'*of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, allow me to add 
'^ my warmest congratulations upon a distinction which the battalion under 
"your command had so great a share in obtaining for His Majesty's 
" service, together with the assurances of the regard with which Lt-Colonel 
" Hinde, Commanding 1st Batt. 32nd Regt, upon the expedition to the 
" Baltic, was held. 

" I have, &c., 

" (Signed) Cathcart, Lt-GeneraL** 

In November, 1807, the 2nd battalion of the regiment proceeded 
from Weely Barracks, near Colchester, to Guernsey. 

Extract from the sixth report of the Patriotic Fund : 

« 8th March, 1808. 
" Read : 

" An application, certified by Colonel Burnet, of the Royal College of 

" Chelsea, from John Lees, private in the 32nd Regiment of Foot, having 

'* lost his left leg, and who was otherwise severely burnt in action with the 

" enemy at the Siege of Copenhagen. 

" Resolved : 

" * That the sum of £25 be given to John Lees.' " 

1808. 

In December, 1807, the 32nd, under Lieutenant-Colonel Hinde, 
embarked, with other troops, upon a secret expedition under Major- 
General Spencer, and, after having experienced a succession of gales 
for seventeen days, put back to Portsmouth, where the regiment 
remained a few days, and then proceeded to Falmouth to join some 
of the other ships of the fleet that had been caught in the same storm. 
Adverse winds kept the regiment at Falmouth until 1st March, 1808, 
when another start was made, and Gibraltar was reached 9th June. 
Major Johnson, commanding a part of the regiment which had sailed in 
another transport, had arrived before the head-quarters, and been sent 
on to Sicily. An officer writes : *• We were informed that, on our 



60 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" departure from England it was settled that General Spencer should 
" attack Ceuta ; but that Sir Hew Dalrymple, Lieutenant-Governor 
" of Gibraltar, having received intelligence of the growing disatfection 
" in Spain, which threatened to manifest itself in a general rising, had 
" sent the troops to Sicily as fast as they arrived, with the view of 
" protecting that island from an invasion by the French, who had 
" assembled a strong force in Calabria, and that a portion of these 
"troops had since received counter-orders and were to return to 
" Gibraltar, being replaced by the Germans, under General 
" McFarlane." 

On l!)ih May that part of the regiment which had not proceeded to 
Sicily embarked with Major-General Spencer and steered for Cadiz. 
On arriving there, they found Lord Colhngwood's fleet at anchor in 
the harbour, from whence they had been watching the French 
Admiral Kossilly's squadron of five sail of the line and one frigate 
which lay in the inner harbour. 

On 12th June the fleet of transports got under weigh, and sailed 
for the mouth of the river Guadiana, which divides Spain from 
Portugal In the meantime the remainder of the regiment rejoined 
head-quarters. The 32nd Regiment was present at the opening of the 
Spanish batteries on the French ships of war, in the harbour of Cadiz, 
on the day the Spanish Revolution broke out, in 1808, and 
immediately after disembarked at Fort St. Mary, and was stationed 
there about six weeks. It was subsequently ordered to Mondego 
Bay, in Portugal, there forming part of Sir Brent Spencer's division 
of the army, with orders to co-operate with the troops under the 
command of Major-General Sir Arthur WeUesley, which were daily 
expected from Cork. 

On their arrival the army disembarked, in the beginning of August, 
and advanced towards Lisbon. 

The disembarkation of the small army took some time, owing to 
the heavy surf. 

The following appeared in General Orders, dated 7th .\ugusl, 1808 : 
Major-General Spencer having joined the army, the regiments were 
brigaded as follows i — 



32nd regiment. 61 



{5th Regiment \ 
9th „ J- Major-General Rowland Hill 

38th „ J 

{2nd Regiment ^ 
29th „ y Major-General Nightingale 

82nd „ J 

{36th Regiment ^ 
40th „ } Major-General Ferguson 

71st „ J 

4th Brigade | gg^^^ Regiment | Major-General Bowes 
( 46th Regiment "j 

6th Brigade { ^/J^J ^^^^^^^^^ | Brigadier General Fane 



5th Brigade \ 50th „ !- Colonel Catlin Craufurd 

91st „ j 



The Battle of Boleift. 

The battalion, having landed, marched to Leira on 11th 
August, and on the 15th a skirmish with the enemy took place at 
Obidos, with trifling loss. The battle of Roleia was fought on 
17th August; Captain Ross-Lewin relates : — "The villages of Celdos 

* and Roleia are built opposite to each other at the extremities of 
'a large valley, and nearly equidistant from the small town of 
'Obidos, which is remarkable for its fine aqueduct and ancient 

* castle. 

" The French were posted on an elevated but level space in front 

* of Roleia ; this rear was covered with low trees and close underwood, 
' and several paths led from it to the neighbouring mountains, of which 
' a remarkably strong ridge offered an excellent second position at an 
*easy distance. The advantages presented by the nature of the 

* ground in a great measure comfKinsated for the disparity of numbers, 
*and, circumstanced as Junot and Ix)rrion were, it was of consider- 
*able importance to the French that Laborde should resist our 

* progress. 

"On the morning of the 17th, at daybreak, we broke up from 

* our bivouac. Flank movements were made to threaten the enemy's 
*rear with a portion of the British and Portuguese; but it ap 

' peared to some officers that sufficient time was not allowed to give 
'these movements the desired effect, a circumstance tending to 



62 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

"occasion a great and unnecessary loss of lives. We continued to 
"advance in three columns; as we approached the enemy the 
" utmost order was preserved, and the columns were increased and 
"diminished with as much regularity as if we were at a review. The 
" enemy appeared at the foot of the position outside the wood, but 
" retired under cover as we advanced. 

"The columns pushed on and drove the enemy before them to the 
" second position ; here the mountain passes were defended with 
" great pertinacity. The 29th Regiment, who had to advance up a 
" steep grass path in the centre of ihe position, sulTered severely, and, 
"after losing their colonel, the gallant Lake, and all hut fifteen of 
" their grenadier company, succeeded in obtaining a lodgment on the 
"summit and dislodging their opponents. The French General, 
" Laborde, was wounded and about six hundred of his division killed 
" and wounded, while the British loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners 
" was five hundred ; two hundred and twenty* of whom belonged 
"to the 29ih Regiment. 

" The fighting was over by 4 p.m. Sir A. Wellesley followed as far 
" as Villa Verde, but hearing that General Anstruther was off the coast 
" with reinforcements, he altered his route. The heat during this day 
"was excessive. A while precipitate was found in some of the 
" French soldiers' packs, and a report got about that the wells were 
" poisoned ; the precipitate was afterwards discovered to be used 
" to destroy vermin. 

"The array rested for the night some distance beyond the field of 
"battle. The next day we marched to Lourinha; on the morning 
"of the 19th Sir Arthur Wellesley took up his position at Vimiera, a 
" pleasant village in a fine valley, watered by a small river called the 
" Maceira, which empties itself into the sea about three miles away. 
" Here Major-General Anstruther's reinforcements were landed, 
"which brought up the strength of the army to sixteen thousand 
" men. 



* Losses of the Army, 17th August, 1808 :— 4th Brigvle, Brigndier- General 

Bowes, 32nrl Foot ;— One rank anil tile killed, and three rank and lile wounded.— 
Londan Gaielie, 3rd Sepiember, 1808, 



32nd regiment. 63 

" The short queues worn by both officers and men were cropped 
" on the field this day, in obedience to orders that had arrived from 
" England, much to everyone's delight. 

" On the 20th, Sir Harry Burrard arrived in the offing, and before 
" night he came into the Maceira roads. 

"Marshal Junot now made all preparations to advance towards 
" Vimiera. 

" The greater part of our infantry were posted on the highland on 
**the left of the river. The village of Vimiera was occupied by 
" cavalry, artillery, and commissariat. Major-General Bowes' brigade 
" — 6th and 32nd regiments — were posted in the rear of the village, 
" on a sugar-loaf hill. The riflemen and the 50th Regiment, under 
" General Fane, occupied the right of a table-land before Vimiera ; 
"General Anstruther's brigade the left, on the extremity of which 
"there was a church." 

Battle of Vimiera. 

On the morning of 21st August, about 8 o'clock, Junot's army was 
first observed advancing along the road from Torres Vedras to 
Lourinha. The action commenced shortly afterwards. The French 
had fourteen thousand men and twenty-three field pieces ; the British 
were stronger in infantry, but had fewer guns. The French made 
simultaneous attacks on several points, but were held in check and 
then driven back at all points. Junot, however, managed to draw oft 
the remnant of his force in fair order, owing to the British being very 
weak in cavalry. General Breunier was among the prisoners ; thirteen 
guns and twenty ammunition waggons were taken. Sir Harry Burrard, 
who had landed, was in the field, but honourably refused to take the 
command. Upon the final defeat of the French, Sir Arthur Wellesley 
urged the necessity of following up the advantage and moving with 
the utmost celerity on Torres Vedras ; but in vain. 

The officer quoted before also relates that "during the attack 
"on our left, the 71st were ordered to oppose the enemy with the 
" i>oint of the bayonet. The pipers of the regiment in the advance to 
" the charge struck up a national Scottish air, as is generally their 
" custom, and in the middle of it one of them, a highlander, named 



64 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

"George Clerk, received a severe wound in the groin, which brought 
"him to the ground; but he supported himself in a sitting posture, 
"exclaiming with apparent indifference, 'The deil take ye, if ye hae 
"'disabled me frae following, ye winna keep me frae blawing for 'em,' 
"and he continued to play and encourage his comrades untill the 
"enetny fled. This gallant soldier recovered from his wound, and 
"was promoted to the rank of sergeant and pipe-major by Colonel 
" Pack." 

Sir Harry Burrard, who opposed Wellesley's suggestion of following 
the French up, then retired unmolested, and the army wailed at Vimiera. 
On the 22nd, Sir Hew Dalrymple arrived from Gibraltar, and look 
command of the army, making the third change within a few days. 
On the evening of this day, General Kellerman was sent in by Junot 
with a flag of truce, which ended in the British general agreeing to an 
armistice, as Junot was disposed to evacuate the kingdom of Portugal 
on honourable conditions ; and now, (o use the expression of 
Sir Arthur Wellesley, it seemed that "all we had to do was to prepare 
"to shoot red-legged partridges." The Convention of Cintra, as it 
was called, received scant consideration in England, and the generals 
who were concerned in it were ordered home. In the meantime the 
French at Lisbon embarked in three divisions, mutually protecting 
one another; the British protecting the rear one. Considerable 
difficulty was experienced, as any stragglers were immediately siilettoed 
by the enraged mob, and English officers were compelled to take any 
Frenchmen who were alone under their protection, and so saved the 
lives of several. 

An officer states as follows ; " The inhabitants of Devonshire were 
"so incensed by the Convention of Cinlra thai they seem to have 
" forgotten Roleia and Vimiera, and consequently received Sir Arthur 
" Wellesley with every mark of disapprobation ; indeed, hissings and 
" hootings greeted him at every town and village of that county ; but 
" the people of England should have considered that, had he been 
"left Co follow up his victories, there would have been no necessity, 
" in the opinion of any person, for such a convention, nor for any- 
" thing more, very probably, than the fixing of the hour on which ihe 
" troops of Junot should lay down their arms," 



) REGIMENT. 



On being appointed to the supreme command of the British army ] 

in Spain, Sir John Moore set to work to make preparations for a 
general advance on Madrid, but, finding that there were no magazines 
or stores ready, he had to considerably modify his plans and send 
the army up by different routes, with orders to concentrate near 
Salamanca. He himself left Lisbon soon afterwards, and joined 
them in November, 1808. A considerable reinforcement had arrived 
from England, consisting of ten thousand men, under Sir David 
Baird, and these, together with the army distributed about in the 
North of Spain, brought his forces up to nearly thirty thousand. In 
the meantime Mr. Stuart, the British charge d'affaires at Madrid, had 
been superseded, as he was not sufficiently pliable in the hands of 
the Home Government, and Mr. Frere was appointed his successor. 
He was given the superior rank of Minister Plenipotentiary. To his 
want of judgment and blindness to the character of the Spanish 
ministers m.iy be traced most of the disasters which followed in quick 
succession. Fortunately, Sir John Moore was not a man to be in- 
fluenced by those who were not qualified to give advice, and by a 
man who had unwittingly become the tool of the Spanish Junior, who 
were prepared to sell their country to the highest bidder. In spite 
of all their promises and oaths, expressed both verbally and in public 
documents, backed up by the assurances of Mr. Frere, Sir John 
found, after he had pushed one division of his army, under Hope, 
with the object of drawing off the French from the Spanish armies 
as far as Madrid, that the feelingwas far more in favour of the French, 
to whom these patriots were prepared to open the gates of Madrid 
and welcome them with open arms ; and moreover that there was very 
strong evidence of a compact having been made with the French 
whereby the English army was to have been sacrificed. Buonaparte's 
one object was lo humiliate the British force, and with an eagle swoop 
he entered Spain at the head of fifty thousand trained soldiers, with 
the object of catching the British army in a ad-de-sa( and cutting off their 
retreat, either back into Portugal or to the north coast of Spain. For- 
tunately, Sir John had penetrated the designs of the French Emperor, 
and, in spite of further assurances from the Spanish, again backed up 
by the British Minister, who ignored the fact that Madrid had fa 



66 



HISTORICAL BCCORnS OF THE 



into the hands of the French, he made a retrograde movement towards 

his base. Unfortunately, in the retreat disciphne got slack, and many 
scenes of disorder occurred, which called forth the bitterest censure 
from the gallant old chief, and not until he had determined to nialce 
a stand and drive back his relentless enemies was he able lo recall 
men to their sense of duly. But the effect was magical ; discipline 
was restored at once, and the army made a galbnt fight, covering the 
embarkation and preventing their enemies from disturbing them, 
except with cannon at long range. But we must not anticipate. 



Sir John Moore having assumed command of the troops, prepara- 
tions were commenced for an advance into Spain. The troops were 
divided into the following divisions and brigades by a General Order, 
, dated Lisbon, 8th October, 1808: 

! Major- General LordW. Beniick — 4th, 
28ih, 42nd, and 60th (live companies) 
regiments. 
Major-General W. C. Beresford— 9th, 
2nd battalion 43rd, and 53nd regi- 

Brigadier-General Catlin Crauford— 
3flth, 'Isl, 92nd, and 2nd battalion 
60th (five companies) regiments. 

Brigadier-General W. P. Acland— 2nd 
and 6th regiments. 

Major-General R. Hill— 6i!i, 32nd, 
and 91 St regiments. 

Brigadier- General H. Fraser — 38tb, 
79lh, and 2nd battalion 95th (four 
companies) regiments. 

I Brigadier- General Anstruiher^20th, 
1st battalion 52nd, and 1st battalion 
95th regiments. 
Major-General C. Baron Alten — 1st 
and 2nd Light Infantry (King's Ger- 



Cavai.rv. 
Major-General the Hon. 
ard's division. 



f3rd and 18th Hu; 
'■\ Legion). 



32nd regiment. 67 

Sir John Moore commenced his march from Lisbon towards the 
Spanish frontier on 26th October. Passing through Portugal by rapid 
marches, the troops accomplished a distance of two hundred English 
miles in a very short time, and were speedily engaged in operations 
in Spain. 

On 1st December, 1808, a redistribution was made, and Major- 
General Rowland HilPs brigade consisted of the 2nd Queen's, 
and the 5th and 32nd regiments. 

The Spaniards, under Cuesta, Blake, and Palafox, had been 
routed at all points, and as the French, in overwhelming numbers, 
were moving on Madrid, Sir John Moore made preparations for a 
retreat into Portugal, by way of Ciudad Rodrigo. 

It was reported to him, however, that Madrid was disposed to hold 
out, and he therefore determined to effect a junction with Sir David 
Baird, who had landed at Vigo with reinforcements, so as to make a 
diversion in favour of Madrid by attacking Soult on the Carrion. 
This junction was effected at Mayorga on 20th December. A 
redistribution of brigades then took place, in which the 32nd, with 
the 1st, 2nd, 5th, and 14th regiments were brigaded under Major- 
General Rowland Hill, in Lieutenant-General Hope's division. 

On 21st December the British forces — twenty-nine thousand 
strong — had their head-quarters at Toro ; and on the 23rd, Moore 
advanced with his whole army. The cavalry had already met that 
of the enemy, and the infantry were within two hours' march of their 
opponents when an intercepted letter communicated the intelligence 
that Napoleon had entered Madrid — in person — three weeks before, 
and was then in full march towards Salamanca and Benevente. This 
rendered a retreat through Portugal impracticable, and it was decided 
to retire through Galicia to Vigo or Corunna. The several divisions 
were accordingly put in motion towards the Esia, the greater portion 
crossing by the bridge of Benevente on 26th December. Here the 
British cavalry, under Lord Paget (afterwards Marquis of Anglesey), 
after a brief halt, had an affair with some of the imperial guard which 
had forded the Esla under General Le P'evre, who was taken prisoner 
with several of his men. In the depth of winter, in the heart of a 
bare and desolate country, buried in snow or deluged with heavy 



6« HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

rains, without shelter, uncertain of their supplies and destitute of 
fuel, the troops hurried on, by long and toilsome marches ; baggage, 
ammuniiion, stores, and even money (;^25,000 was thrown over the 
side of a mountain) being destroyed to prevent it falling into the 
enemy's hands. 

1809. 
Battle of Oonuma. 

On 5th January, 1809, the army reached Lugo, and bivouacked in 
order of battle, resuming Its march on the night of the Hth, and 
reached Corunna — via Bentanzos*— on the 11th, after having 
traversed a distance of two hundred and fifty miles under difficulties 
and privations rarely exceeded. At Corunna a delay ensued, owing 
to the transports not being ready, but by the 16th the sick and what 
remained of the baggage had already been embarked, when the 
French began to move down from the heights, about 2 p.m., and a 
sanguinary battle ensued, the brunt of which fell on Lord W. 
Bentick's brigade. In the end the French were repulsed, and the 
British were allowed to commence embarking next day without 
molestation, although, later, some guns on the heights o( St. Lucia — 
in the words of an eye-witness — " began to knock the dust out of the 
" sides of the old transports, so that they were glad to cut and run ; " 
and the business ended in hurry and some confusion. 

The 32nd, with General Hill's brigade, were this day on the British 
left, and lost two hundred and fifty non-commissioned officers and 
men.t 

Sir John Hope, who succeeded to the command on the death of 
the gallant Sir John Moore, writes, in his despatch announcing the 
victory :J 

" The enemy not having rendered the attack on the left a serious 
" one, did not afford the troops stationed in that quarter an opportu- 

• In the match from Lugo to Bentanzos the loss of the »rmy wm groier than 
in the whole of the pieviou* part of the eipcdilioii. — Clititon, Tie War m the 
Peninsula, p. 70. 

t Strange lo say, the returns of killed and wounded were never, 1 believe. 



% Landett Gaulti. 



33nd regiment. 

" nity of displaying that gallantry which must have made him repent 
"the attempt. 

" The principal and advanced parts of the line, under Major- 
" Generals Hill, Leith, and Catlin Crauford, conducted themselves 
" with great resolution, and were ably supported by the officers 
"commanding these brigades and by the troops of which they were 
" composed, 

" It IS particularly incumbent on the lieutenant-general to notice 
"the vigorous attack made by the 2nd battalion of the Hth Uegiment, 
" under Colonel Nicolls, which drove the enemy out of the village on 
" the left, of which he bad possessed himself." 



The 32nd Regiment was principally employed during the retreat 
in the arduous duly of escorting the ammunition and stores of the 
army, suffering great loss and misery by the unavoidable 
circumstances attending that retreat. 

After the final action at Corunna, the 32nd embarked, and in a 
very sickly stale returned to England with the rest of the army, where 
it arrived about the 24th June, 1809. 

Corunna is a weakly fortified town on the south-east of an 
irregularly shaped peninsula The town is commanded by heights, 
which approach close to the walls on the south, extending from 
Mero, at El Burgo, and would have been the best position to 
occupy : but such an extended line was more than Moore would 
attempt with his diminished army. The position was occupied by 
the French, under Soult, and commanded the whole front. Some of 
.Moore's generals advocated negotiations, to admit of (he troops 
embarking, but Moore would not hear of it, as no defeat had been 
sustained. Moore hoped to be able to embark his army without 
molestation, but on the afternoon of the 16lh January the French 
were observed to be in motion, and the British infantry — fourteen 
thousand five hundred strong, with forty of the ISth Hussars — 
proceeded to take up their allotted positions. Moore's line extended 
along the range between the villages of Elvina and Airis. Nine six- 
pounders — the only guns which had not been embarked — were 
posted on advantageous points, under Colonel Hardinge. The centre > 



agroaicu. secoros of the 



of attack was the village of Elvina, and it ms dnnng tbe i 

the ^2nd to take it, that Sir John Moore received his death woand 

from a cannon halL 

The following extracts fnKn the diary of Captain Evd^h, Royal 
Horse Artillery, quoted at length in " Civimmi to StvaOopei^' by 
Colonel Whinyaies, wiil be read with interest : — 



-Wednesday. 4th Jan., 1309.- 



mamfaed for NogaJes. Xhxs was a 
L, aith nits cut into tbe snow ice 
" two feet deep, and large boles so that ihe horses could scarce move; The 
'"road strewed and blocked up with ordnance camaiics and others of every 
" description : numbers of dead horses, men, women, and ciiildren frozen 
" 10 death. 

" Monday, 16th Jan.^B^3n m embark. About A p.m. tbe enemy }xm% 
" reinforced made an attack u{)an our ootposts wbtcb soon became geneial 
"with all the troops on shore. Tlie tire &wn the ArCiHery on both sides 
"and musketry was very heavy and incessant ondl dark, wben the enemy 
"retired ro his original position. The -Ub, 5ih, litb, :i2nd, 43rd, oOch, 
" Slat, and 95th Regts were engaged (togedter; with Truscotf s and W'alTs 
" Brigades R.A. The picket was commanded by Colonel Napier, who was 
" killed. Sir David E^rd wounded. Sir fohn Moore shot in the shoulder, 
"and died on the road to Comnna. 

" Tuesday, 17th January.— A strong picket was left out during the night, 
" and all the remaining troops retired into the town after dark, and aboni 
"12 o'clock began embarking, which continued going on ihroagh the 
" night, with some confusion, as it was very dark, and the boats were 
" running foul, and very few found the intended ships. .... This morning, 
" at day-break, the piicket came in, and were soon followed ver\' near to 
" the [own by the French, who were popping at them great pan of the ii-ay. 
" About half-past 12 they opened several guns upon us, and kept up a 
" smart fite of shot and shell, to tbe great annoyance of the inner pan of 
"the Fleet, about eighty or ninety sail crowded together as thick as 
" possibly and full of troops. Every ship now w«nt to work getting up 
"anchor, or cutting cable and setting sail, to make an attempt at least to 
" gel away. Numbers of boats were away from their ships fetching more 
" of the army off. and rowing about between die ships. The shot and shell 
" now fell very thick among them, the ships all in motion and the confusion 
"great. Many ran foul, and many upon rocks. The wind, however, 
" became more moderate, and Providence made it change two points in 



32nd regiment. 71 

" our favour, which enabled us and many others to weather Castle Point, 
" and we were happy in getting soon out of their reach, with only our 
" rigging damaged and the loss of two anchors. 

" Wednesday, 18th Jan. — Off and on all the morning waiting to collect 
" the Fleet .... many of the transport got out during the night, and the 

" Men-of-War got hold of the rest of the Army About 4 o'clock the 

" whole fleet made sail for Old England, going right before the wind. 

" Monday, 23rd Januaiy. — At 12 a frigate signalled us into Plymouth. 
"Anchored about 6 o'clock p.m." 

The thanks of both Houses of Parliament were voted to the Army 
"for its distinguished discipline, firmness, and valour in the battle 
" of Corunna." 

For the services of the regiment in this campaign, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Hinde received two gold medals — one for Roleia and 
Vimiera, and one for Corunna. 

The regiment was assembled at Horsham, where it was, by the 
exertion of Lieutenant-Colonel Hinde, soon re-equipped — having re- 
ceived no supply of equipment since 1807 — and rendered fit for 
service, its strength being six hundred and eighty rank and file.* 

Extract from MSS. in the Royal United Service Institution : — 
Establishment 1st April, 1809, previous to militia volun- 

L6C riTl^ ... ... ... ... ... ... ... vXw 

Volunteered from English militia 26 

Volunteered from Irish militia 1 

In Portugal ... ... ... *•• ... ..« ... 90 

Total, 10th May, 1809 ... 734 
Left in Spain 132 

Grand Total ... 866 

Captain Ross-Lewin relates: — "In July, 1809, a most extensive 
"armament was collected in the Downs. The army consisted of 



• In the returns of troops under orders for active service in the VValcheren 
Expedition, rendered to Parliament by the adjutant-general, the strength of the 
Ist battalion 32nd Regiment is given at five hundred and seventy-nine ofHcers and 
men. — Walter Grey, H^alcheren Expedition, 



(2 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

"upwards of forly thousand men, and the fleet of ihirty-nine sail of 
"the line and ihirlj-six frigates, besides numerous gunboats, bomb 
"vessels, and other small craft. The latter was commanded by Lord 
" Gardner, and the former by the Earl of Chatham, but no more like 
"his father than I lo Hercules. My regiment (32nd) formed a 
"portion of the land force. The destination of the expedition was at 
"first kept a profound secret, and an embargo was laid on the 
" shipping in all the ports of Great Britain and Ireland, to continue 
"until we should sail. I'he troops were embarked on board the 
" ships of war as well as the transports, . . . each seventy-four took 
" a regiment. The object of this expedition was two-fold ; it was only 
" at the moment of sailing that it was said that a diversion in favour of 
"our Allies and an attack on the French fleet, near Antwerp, was 
" meditated. We sailed from the Downs on the 28th July, and were 
"off the Dutch coast in the morning, nearmg the island of Walcheren, 
" The fleet soon came to anchor, and immediately preparations were 
" made for our landing, which was effected without opposition at a 
"point about ten miles distant from Flushing. That place was 
"strongly fortified and garrisoned by French troops. 

"A battery which had commenced firing on the shipping quickly 
" fell into our hands, followed the next day by the town of Ter Veere, 
" which lies on the north-eastern part of the island. All the enemy's 
"posts outside Flushing were also driven in, and we entered Middle- 
" bury — the capital of Walcheren, and an open town— without opposi- 
" sition, having first promised lo respect property. 

" A strong division of sailors was landed when we appeared before 
" Flushing, to assist in the erection of batteries. Their station was 
" on the extreme right. They threw up a considerable work, armed 
"with twenty-four pounders, and their fire from it soon became so 
" incessant as to excite general astonishment. . . 

" The picquets continued to skirmish with little intermission. The 
" 32nd Regiment was much engaged, and behaved with distinguished 
"spirit. Sir Eyre Coote expressed his high approbation of ihe con- 
" duct of the corps, and said that ' when the 32nd was oh the advanced 
"posts, he could sleep sound.' At this time the French understood 
" irregular firing much better than our men ; the file did not separate ; 



32nd regiment. 



one fired at random, knowing thai a British soldier would pop up 
his head to see from what point the shot proceeded, and the other, 
being at the ' present,' was ready to fire on the Rrsi pierson that 
should show himself. We lost several men by this stratagem. On 
one occasion I dined with Major Johnson, 32nd regiment, and one 
or two other officers, behind some hurdles on the advanced posts. 
His servant, who had prepared the dinner, said he would take a 
peep at the French, who were within a few yards, and have a crack 
at them, He must have exposed himself, for in a few minutes we 
discovered he had been shot through the heart ; and, as so many 
shots came about our heads when we tried to bury the poor fellow 
near where he had been slain, we brought him behind our shelter 
and there buried him. One morning, before a part of the line of 
advanced [josts had been relieved, the old picquets belonging to it, 
by some mistake, moved off, and our vigilant and active enemy had 
nearly profiled by this occurrence, to our annoyance. The 33nd 
Regiment was to lake the outpost duly there on that day, under 
the command of Major Johnson, This officer was proceeding to 
the place of his destination by the usual, but circuitous, route, 
when he observed that the picquets had quitted their ground and 
that the enemy might make a sudden attempt to occupy it. Accord- 
ingly, seeing that there was no time to he lost, he procured some 
planks in an adjoining house, passed his men by means of them 
over a deep ditch, and thus was enabled to take a shorter way and 
reach the important point before the French. They were, however, 
in motion and creeping on, when they were checked by a sharp 
fire, which they returned, though finally compelled to fall back to 
their original station. 

" On 7th August the garrison made a sortie. The greater part of 
them were drunk, and they were easily driven back. A laughable 
occurrence took place, in which our fat brevet major was concerned. 
He happened to be posted in an advanced position, and, having a 
quiet moment, took advantage of it to perform the operation of 
shaving behind a haystack. His wig was off, and only half his task 
accomplished, when a party of French sallied out and attacked his 
post. The alarm was given, and he rushed instantaneously from 



74 HISTORICAL RF.COKDS OF THE 

" his toilet, just as he was, and razor in hand, to head his men. He 
" soon repulsed his assailants, but, had the fortune of the fight gone 
"against him and he been taken prisoner, his extraordinary figure, 
"without coat, hat, or H-ig, his face half-covered with soap, and his 
" hand armed with a razor instead of a sword, would, no doubt, have 
"excited much merriment at his expense among his lively and 
"sarcastic caplors. 

"On lOth August, General Monnet, who commanded in Hushing ] 
" ordered the banks to be cut and [he sluices opened, inundating the J 
" surrounding country, A violent thunderstorm broke out at the same] 
"time, causing great damage. On the 13th the bombardment c 
"menced, and the town was set on fire in several places. Lordfl 
" Gardner, in the Blaki, sailed up the river, followed by the other line- ' 
"of-battle ships. Each as they passed, in succession, fired a broad- 
■'side. The facing of the parapet being of cut stone, the splinters 
"flew about to such a degree that the French ariiller)'men deserted 
" their guns. The place eventually capitulated. The yarriion defiled 
" out before Lord Chatham the following day, the unfortunate French 
" troops being kept seven hours under arms in very hot weather. They 
" were five thousand strong, and a large proportion of Irishmen among 
" them." 



After the fall of Flushing, part of the army proceeded to South 
Beveland, and some regiments embarked and sailed up the Scheldt 
towards Antwerp, the 3iJnd Regiment being amongst the number. 
They anchored within ten miles of Antwerp, in sight of the French 
fleet. The French had in the meanwhile thrown forty thousand 
men of the National Guard into the Netherlands, under Bernadotte, 
and put Antwerp in a state of defence. Fort Lillo providing them 
with a strong garrison. 

Heavy chains were thrown across the river, and the French ships 
of war were so moored that ihey could concentrate their fire on 
certain points and sweep the entire channel. Strong batteries were 
erected on the banks of the river, and the surrounding country was 
laid under water. 

Under these circumstances, Lords Chatham and Gardner thought 



32nd regiment. 75 

that any attempt on Antwerp would be unsuccessful, and retired ; at 
the same time, it was a bitter pill for the fleet and army to be within 
reach of such a noble prize and to have lost it through what was be- 
lieved at the time, the supineness and incapacity of the commanders. 

During the whole of the operations against Flushing, the regiment 
was actively employed, and on the surrender of that fortress was 
transferred to Brigadier-Greneral Ackland's brigade, and proceeded up 
Scheldt, where it remained on board the transports, opposite Fort 
Batz, in South Beveland, until further operations were discontinued. 

The losses the regiment sustained during the Walcheren expedition, 
from the landing, 30th July to 1st August, were : one sergeant and 
one rank and file killed, and two sergeants and five rank and file 
wounded ; and from the 2nd to 6th August, two rank and file killed 
and fifteen rank and file wounded. 

It was decided by the authorities to leave a force of twenty-one 
regiments in Walcheren, under command of General Don. The 
32nd was one of the regiments, and formed part of the garrison of 
Middleburg until the final evacuation on 9th December following. 

The excessive mortality made the expedition a by-word. A military 
writer says : " The mortality was truly dreadful. The 23rd, 81st, and 
" 91st Regiments were struck off duty on the 1st October, not having 
" a single man on that day out of hospital. An order to bury the dead 
" at night was given, with a view of concealing the frightful extent of 
" the daily ravages of the fever in our ranks. All the carpenters in 
" Middleburg were busily employed in making coffins for the British 
" troops. In a few weeks there were barely three thousand fit for 
** duty in the entire force. The Dutch physicians did not approve of 
** the treatment employed by our own medical men, and offered to 
*' take charge of a hundred soldiers in hospital, and to allow any of 
'* our medical men to select an equal number, in order to see which 
" treatment was the most successful, but the offer was rejected." 

It now became evident that unless reinforcements were received 
the remnant of the force would be shut up in Flushing, as the French 
continued to move troops into Beveland. Orders were accordingly 
given for their return, whicli was effected — after blowing up the 
defences— by 20th December, 1809. 



70 



HISTORICAL RFCORDS OF THE 



The disastrous consequences of ihis ill-conducted ex[>edition 
created considerable discontent at home, and certainly with perfect 
justice; for, in addition to our failure before Antwerii, the niorlality 
that thinned our ranks could not have been equalled in the most 
sanguinary campaign, and the services of nearly half the men of 
whorn the army in Walcheren consisted were lost for ever to the 
country. Lord Casllereagh and Mr. Canning themselves quarrelled 
on this unpleasant subject, and finally fought a duel, in which the 
latter was wounded. 

The Depot which had been formed at home was augmented con- 
siderably, with a view of supplying (he great losses the regiment had 
sustained in Walcheren. The following is from a newspaper account 
of the period : 

"1809. 

'■ The jubilee of George III. was kept on (he 25lh October, 1800, and 
"at Horsham was celebrated 'in the most joyous, loyal, anii benevolent 
"manner.' The day was ushered in by ihc ringing of bells, which con- 
" (inued till noon, when the garrison, consisting of the 51st Regiment, with 
" part of the lJ3rd and 32nd, fired a feu de joi't on Den hill, which was 
" returned by the Volunteers in the town ; after which the regiments of the 
"garrison marched to the Market- square, and gave three hearty cheers, in 
" which they were joined by the inhabitants with the greatest enthusiasm. 
" (Jubilee Year of George III., 1809)." 

Return of corps at Walcheren, 7ih September, 1809 (32nd 
Regiment) : 

Field Officers 3 

Subalterns 21 

Staff 4 

— 35 
34 



The 32nd Regiment was brigaded with the 2nd Queen's and 76th, 
tjnder Brigadier-General Ackland. 



32f(D REGIMENT. 



1810. 

The 32nd Regiment mustered little more ihan two hundred men 
on embarking. The fact of its having landed one of the weakest 
and returned one of the strongest is, perhaps, worthy of remark. 

The regiment landed at Portsmouth and marched to Hailsham, 
where it arrived in the middle of January, 1810, and received a draft 
from the 2nd battalion at Cork. 

The effects of the unhealthy climate of Walcheren, however, 
rendered a change of air necessary for the re -establishment of the 
health of the regiment, and it was ordered, in July, to Bexhill, and on 
the 12th August took part in a grand review of thirteen thousand men 
on Brighton Down, before the Prince of Wales, all the royal dukes, and 
a brilliant staff. There appears to have been some misunderstanding, 
in consequence of the numerous nobles present who wore stars, and 
foreign officers in uniform at this review ; and several officers in 
marching past saluted different persons before they had come near 
the prince. The staff galloped about, exclaiming to the blunderers — 
" Gentlemen, you are saluting the wrong person, the prince is farther 
" on, dressed in the uniform of the 10th Dragoons." 

The 32nd Regiment was moved to Bexhill, into Nut barracks, 
brigaded with the 1st and 2nd light battalions King's German 
Legion, from whom most valuable instruclion was obtained in outpost 
duties, in which the English troops were then proverbially deficient. 
Lieutenant-Colone! Hinde, who commanded the tirst battalion at this 
time, paid much attention to light infantry duties — and had 
commanded the Provisional Light Infantry battalion in Dublin in 
1803, The air of Bexhill not producing the desired effect, the 
regiment was ordered to Guernsey, arriving there 3rd September, and 
remaining in that island until June the following year, (ISU) during 
which period the health of the men was re-established, the equipment 
completed, and discipline improved. Recruiting parties were sent 
out, and some volunteers from the Militia joined, raising the strength 
up to six hundred men, notwithstanding the number invalided from 
the effects of the Walcheren fever. 



HISTORICAL RF.CORDS OF THE 



1811. 

The regiment had been for some lime under orders to proceed to 
the Peninsula a second time, and at length embarked on iHh June. 
On its arrival it disembarked, and occupied quarters in the cistle of 
Lisbon ; while there a draft from the 2nd battalion, consisting of 
three hundred men, joined under the command of Captain 
Portley. 

" On 19th July the regiment, being provided with field equipment, 
embarked on board boats in the Tagus, and proceeded to ViUada, 
about two leagues from Santarem ; landed, and marched to join 
Brigadier-General Burns' brigade, in the 6th division, at Nave-d'-Aver 
in the August following. 

" Lord Wellington's head-quarters were at Fuente Guinaldo on 10th 
August. On 17th August we reached the miserable village of 
Barquilla, in Spain, distant four leagues from Ciudad Rodrigo, and 
thence moved to Villa de Porco. 

"The British and Portuguese army, with the exception of Sir 
Rowland Hill's corps of fourteen thousand men, then in the Alentejo, 
went into cantonments on the line of the Agueda. The infantry 
were about thirty-eight thousand strong, and cavalry only four 
thousand. 

"The food served out here was of the coarsest, consisting of 
over-driven beasts and ship's biscuit. One officer died from absolute 
want of nourishment, and many others suffered terribly, more 
especially as the want of money began to be felt. 

" The next move of the 6th division was to Gallegos and its vicinity, 
moving subsequently more to the right. 

" While we were thinking of laying siege to Ciudad Rodrigo, the 
force in Spain was considerably augmented by the arrival of 
reinforcements from France, a great part of which consisted of 
troops long inured to war."* 

An action took place near Guinaldo on 24th September, but the 



" Ross-Lewin, Life af a SehUtr. 



32nd regiment. 79 

regiment, with the 6th division, were not engaged. On 29th August 
the drd division crossed the Coa and went into cantonments, leaving 
three divisions to watch Ciudad Rodrigo ; the 32nd Regiment occu- 
pied Chiras. On 24th October the army advanced ; the 32nd Regi- 
ment marched to Galligos, but when it reached Fuentes d'Onor 
Captain Ross-Lewin was sent back to Almeida with a working party, 
who remained there fivQ days, returning to Chiras. 

The 5th and 6th divisions moved towards the Douro and Mondego, 
leaving Chiras on 2nd December. 

The transport of the army was considerably improved here by 
Lord Wellington, who had ordered six hundred waggons to be made. 
After three long marches the recjiment reached Musquetilla, a very 
small village, which scarcely afforded room for it. 

1812. 

The army was now paid up to 24th October, 1811, and the messing 
considerably improved throughout. The sick list rapidly decreased in 
consequence; all the troops, including the 32nd Regiment, were 
employed in making fascines and gabions, with a view to the siege of 
Rodrigo, which commenced on 14th January, 1812; different 
detached points having been seized during the night of the 8th ; and 
on the 19th, Ciudad Rodrigo fell. Marmont, who was advancing 
with a force of sixty thousand men for the relief of Rodrigo, 
believing he had ample time, was incredible, and had to remain in- 
active in the neighbourhood of Salamanca. The 6th division re- 
mained in their cantonments until 1st February, when they fell back ; 
the 32nd Regiment marched to Nave d'Aver, reaching Marialva, 
which stands on the summit of a high craggy mountain, on 21st 
January ; marched to Alentigo, Guarda, and Alpedrinja, and, 
on the 29th, to Castello Branco, thence to Villa Velha, crossing 
the Tagus, ascending the river on the right bank, and, after a 
fourteen days' march in a lovely country, entered Estremos, a large 
and handsome town, and remained there a week to recruit their 
strength, as men and horses were very jaded by the length of the 
march. 



80 HISTORICAL RECOEDS OF THE 

On I5th March ihe 32nd Regiment camped at Elvas, where every 
preparation for the siege of Badajoz had been made. On the morning 
of ISth March, General Graham,* with the 1st, 6th, and 7th divisions 
and the cavalry brigade, crossed the bridge of pontoons two miles 
below Badajoz, and reached Santa Martha under incessant rain, the 
men having to pass the inclement night without cover. Next day the 
divisions passed through Albuera and the position occupied by the 
allied armies two years previously (16th May, 1810); the bones 
of men and horses testifying to the struggle which took place 
there. 

The day that the troops marched from Elvas, Marshal Beresford 
also crossed the Guadiana, with the light, 3rd and 4th divisions, 
about twelve thousand men, and immediately invested Badajoz. 
The 32nd Regiment moved with the 6th and Tth divisions to cover 
this force and to watch Soult's army. 

On 25th March the 6th division marched to Llerena, distant some 
forty-lwo miles, with the object of surprising about two thousand of 
the enemy ; but after a long and tedious march found the enemy had 
gone. Pursuing for two days as far as Usagre, but not overtaking 
them, the division fell back on Almandralejo, which was reached 
4th April. 

In the meantime Badajoz had fallen amid much bloodshed. On 
16lh April the 6th division went to Portalegre, thence to Casiello 
Branco, returning to Escaldos de Cima, two leagues to the north- 
wards. 

The 32nd Regiment was very sickly here and did not muster half its 
number on |)arade. From Escaldos de Cima the regiment rccrossed 
the Tagus to Alentejo, occupying Castello de Vido for a week, thence 
to Azume, where the regiment was inspected by General Clinton, and 
received a draft of one hundred and forty men from the 2nd battalion. 
On 12th May marched to Aronches, halting for a week, and then 
to La Palla, Casiel de Vido, and Povo, reaching Castello Branco o 
3rd June. 



* AAnwaids Lord Lyndock. 



J 



32nd regiment. 



Battle of Salamanca. 

The neighbourhood of Salamancn was reached on 17th June, 1812, 
At 8 o'clock that evening the 33nd Regiment sent the first working 
parly, under Captain Ross-Lewin, to break ground before the convent 
of San Vincente, and they managed to obtain cover without much loss 
allhougb the French had destroyed several fine Spanish buildings to 
give a more extensive range to their fire. 

It was soon found that the newly-constructed earthworks were ill- 
placed, the ground being too low and the men insufficiently covered. 
Several valuable lives were lost in consequence. On the 23rd a 
battery on higher ground was completed and armed, but the fire from 
it appears to have been ineffective. Lord Wellington visited this 
work, and while viewing the enemy's position from it was warned of 
the danger of remaining where he was, as several four-pounder round 
shot had previously dropped there. He had only moved off a few 
minutes when a shot fell which would, but for this timely warning, 
have certainly deprived the army of its able commander. 

On the evening of that day a flag of truce was sent out by the 
besieged, but the proposals made were rejected, and at 8 o'clock the 
firing recommenced. It was then determined to storm the enemy's 
works. The storming parties consisted of the light companies of the 
3nd, 32nd, and 36th regiments, under the command of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Hinde,* and those of the other brigade under Lieutenant- 
Colonel Bingham, 53rd regiment. Preceded by twenty men carrying 
ladders, the assaulting parly, led on by Major-General Bowes, 
who had the chief command, commenced their advance. The 
instant they showed themselves they were received wiih a withering 
fire. In a few minutes more than half of the assailants were placed 
hors it (ombat, and the remainder had to retire. Major-General 
Bowes was also killed. " At the siege of the forts of St. Vincente, 
"St. Cajetano, and I-a Mercet, from 18th to 24lh June, 1812, the 
" 32nd lost ten rank and file killed, and two sergeants and twenty-six 



* 32nd Regiment, 



W2 



ll'CIORrCAL BECOKnS ' 



" rank and file wounded. For their conduct on these occasions the 

" 6th division received the ihanks of the commander of the forces, in 
"General Orders, dated Salamanca, 28th June, 1812." 

An attempt to sec fire to one of the fortified convents was success- 
fully carried out on the 26th. At the same time the fire from the 
recently completed battery on the right broke down some of the 
enemy's paHsades. Ensign Fitzgerald, of the 32nd, was killed by a 
fragment of a shell. 

On the morning of the 27th, the fire from our batteries having 
proved very destructive, the French commandant requested a cessation 
of firing for three hours, in order to make terms, but his request was 
refused, and directions given for storming. Ensign Newton (32nd) 
led the forlorn hope. The assault was completely successful. The 
fort, in which a breach had been made, was quickly carried, and the 
whole French garrison surrendered at discretion, after having kept an 
entire division at bay for ten days. The forts were now blown up by 
victorious troops ; all the guns and a considerable supply of clothing 
fell into the hands of the English. The 6th division, which had lost 
nearly five hundred, killed and wounded, then marched to join the 
remainder of the army. 

On the 29lh, Lord Wellington moved from Salamanca towards the 
Douro, which is about eleven leagues distant. The enemy fell back 
as Wellington advanced. On 15th July the allied army moved to 
the left. The main body moved to Villa Pena, six leagues from 
Salamanca. On the 17th the whole French army crossed the Douro, 
and by a forced march nearly succeeded in cutting off the 4th and 
light divisions. 

There was a good deal of skirmishing in the front of Villa Pena, 
which was much to our advantage. On the 20th, Marshal Marmont 
fell back, after having failed to relieve Salamanca, behind the Douro, 
while the Allies took up a position on the opposite bank and enjoyed 
a fortnight's rest, A series of manoeuvres followed, which ended by 
the contending armies finding themselves face to face on the Tormes, 
on 23rd July, when the 6lh division crossed and bivouacked on its 
banks. 

"When night came on a terrific thunderstorm, accompanied with 



32.\0 RliOIMENT. 83 

"heavy rain, broke over us," writes an officer;* "peal upon peal 
"succeeded in increasing vehemence; the electric fluid literally 
" hissed through the air, and such was the vividness of the lightning 
" that I was deprived of sight for some moments. The horses of the 
" 5ih Dragoon Guards became dreadfully frightened, broke from their 
" picquets, and ran over the men who were stretched on the ground, 
" inflicting severe injuries on si:veral of them. It was, indeed, as wild 
"and fearful a night as ever preceded a memorable day of strife 
"and slaughter; no sound was heard but the heavy splash of the 
" incessant rain, the trampling of the terrified horses, and the shouts 
"and groans of the men, save when they were all confounded in the 
" stunning reverberations of the aerial artillery, which at brief intervals 
" poured forth an awful note of warning for the bloody work of the 
" morrow. 

" At daybreak on Wednesday, 22nd July, the troops began to 
" move into their positions, the British left resting on the Tormes, 
"their right on the lesser of two rocky eminences known as the 
" Arapiles, Marmont occupied a mountainous ridge in front, his right 
" resting on the greater Arapiles. The chief part of the day was 
" spent in nianceuvring ; Marmont, whose chief object seemed lo be 
" to turn our position and cut ofl" our retreat, endeavouring to deceive 
"the British commander; but he did not know his man. In this 
"manceuvre the French general incautiously weakened his own line, 
"and his antagonist was too much on the alert not to profit by the 
"blunder. The enemy began what was destined to be the serious 
"business of the day by a heavy cannonade. At this lime the 6th 
" division was halted in columns of companies. A light battalion of 
" the King's German Legion marched by, and as the last section of 
" this corps was passing an opening in the heights on their flank, the 
"first shot that I saw take effect came through and killed five of 
" them. The enemy next threw out a thick swarm of tirailleurs along 
" his front and flank, and simultaneously extended his left, apparently 
" with the view of cutting off our communication with'Rodrigo. Our 
" 1st and light divisions were then on the extreme left, the 4ih and 



81 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" 5ih in rear of the Arapiles, and the 6lh and 7th in reserve ; the 
" 3rd division and cavalry occupied ihe right. The enemy began an 
" attack upon ihc village of Arapiles, but they could not dislodge the 
" Guards, who held it. It was now that Lord Wellington saw that the 
"favourable moment had arrived, and he rapidly made dispositions 
"for the onset. General Paltenham was directed to turn the 
" enemy's left with the 3rd division, supported by artillery and 
" Portuguese horse. 

" Upon their ascending the heights a large body of cavalry came 
'' on to charge them, but the 5lh Foot being ihrown into a good 
"position, poured in such a well-directed volley ihal the dragoons 
" retired in confusion. The division then pressed on, and everywhere 
" outflanking the enemy drove them from point to point, making a 
" great number of prisoners. Sir Stapleton Cotton advanced with our 
" heavy cavalry, and in a brilliant charge cut to pieces a brigade of 
"infantry, but the arm to which he belonged suffered a severe loss 
" here by the death of General Le Marchant, who was killed by a 
" musket ball. The 4th and 5th divisions, supported by the 6th and 
" 7th, moved against the enemy in front nearly at the same time, and 
" General Pack, with a Portuguese brigade, against the greater 
" Arapiles. The latter officer failed in all his attempts to dislodge his 
" opponents from this steep and rugged hill, and his men suflfered 
" severely. On Ihe retreat of this brigade, the enemy pushed forward 
"a large body of infantry — attacking the 4th division, who then were 
"gaining ground, with great spirit — and caused some confusion. 
" General Cole was wounded in the conflict, But the 5th division came 
"up, and, by a judicious movement under the direction of Marshal 
" Beresford, retrieved the fortune of the fight at this point, and the 
" enemy, taken in flank, were compelled to retreat. Our success on 
" the left and centre of the French nas completed by the Gth division, 
" who succeeded in carrying the greater Arapiles, As we advanced, 
" we marched over a brigade that was lying on the ground.* 



* Lieutenant Smith, i>! the lllh Regiment which, with the 53r(] and 6ht, 
formed Ihe other leading brigade of the flih division, records ; " The advance was 
" so rapid, thai very many of a body of riflemen, more numerous than the Btiiish, 






32nd regiment. 85 

" By this time the loss sustained by the enemy was considerable. 
" One of their colonels lay immediately in front of the colours of the 
" 32nd Regiment ; he was badly wounded, and begged hard to be 
" removed from the tield, and Colonel Wood humanely directed the 
" drummers to take care of him. 

" Our work was not finished yet. Notwithstanding his discomfort 
"at all other points the enemy's right was still unbroken, and was 
"quickly reinforced by the beaten battalions. Marraont was 
" wounded and obliged to quit the field, but the command devolved 
"upon General Clausel, who with equal firmness and ability rallied 
" the fugitives, and, with the approach of evening in his favour, exerted 
" himself to prevent our further success. His new position was well 
'■ selected ; both his flanks were protected by a numerous cavalry, 
"and the face of the heights offered an unobstructed range for the 
"formidable artillery that he had disposed along his front 
" Wellington was not long in preparing for the attack, but the hour, 
" unfortunately for him, was very late, It was half past seven when 
"the 6th division, under General Clinton, was ordered to advance a 
" second time and attack the enemy's line in front, supported by the 
*• 3rd and 5th divisions. 

"The ground over which we had to pass was a remarkably clear 
■' slope, like the glacis of a fortification, most favourable for the 
" defensive fire of the enemy and disadvantageous to the assailants, 
" but the division advanced towards the position with perfect steadi- 
" ness and confidence. A craggy ridge, on which the French infantry 
" was drawn up, rose so abruptly that they could fire four or five 
"deep, but we had approached within two hundred yards of them 
" before the fire of musketry began, which was by far the heaviest 
" that I have ever witnessed, and was accompanied by conslaul dis- 



" covering ihe relrcol o( [he main body of the defeated army, not having time to 
" get oul of ihe way, thiew themselves on the Eround— as if dead — and wcie run 
" over. It was not generally known that many of them fired at the baeks of the 
" advancing line ; one, it is certain, drove his bayonet into the back of a grenadier 
"of the 11th, atid l>efore he could withdraw il, was cut down by Brigade-Major 
" Cotton, who was following the brigade on fool, his horse hiving been killed." — 
Cannon, /fecerds oftAt nth. North Dtvmt Rt^nttiU, 



sc, 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF 1 



"charges of grape. An uninterrupted blaze was then maintained, so 
" that the crest of the hill seemed to be one long streak of flame. 
"Our men came down to the charging position and commenced 
" firing from that level, at the same lime keeping their touch to the 
"right, so that the gaps opened by the enemy's fire were instantly 
" filled up. At the very first volley that we received, about eighty 
" men of the right wing of the 32nd fell to the rear in one group ; 
" the colonel immediately rode up to know the cause, and found they 
" were all wounded. Previously to the advance of the 6th division, 
" the light companies of the right brigade were formed on the right 
" of the h*ne, and as we moved on one of the enemy's Howitzers was 
" captured by the light company of the 32nd Regiment It had 
" been discharged once, but, before the gunners could reload it, it 
" was taken hy a rush. The success of the attack was complete, for 
"as soon as the 6th division got near enough they dashed forward 
" with the bayonet, and, another portion of our troops acting on 
"Clausel's right flank, his army was quickly driven from the position 
" into the wood in their rear ; but before this, night had come on, and 
" to the convenient cover and darkness alone were the French, who 
" fled in great disorder, indebted for the safety of their whole force. 

" They retreated next morning through Alba de Tormes, followed 
" by our cavalry, who came up with the rear guard and threw it into 
"confusion. Three battalions of their infantry, being deserted by 
" their cavalry, threw themselves into square near the village of la 
" Serna. They were at once charged with great spirit and prompli- 
" tude hy the 1st and 2nd Regiments of heavy German horse, led on 
" by Baron Bock, and broken. Many of their men were cut down, and 
"about nine hundred prisoners taken. Three French generals were 
"killed in the battle, and three more wounded, besides Marmont, 
" who had to undergo amputation of one arm. Eleven pieces of 
"cannon were taken, and brought into Salamanca the following day. 
"It was a curious circumstance that the 3Snd in this engagement 
" recovered their big drum, which had been lost in the retreat to 
" Corunna." 

Extract from Lord Wellington's despatch to the Earl of Liverpool, 
dated 30th June, 1312: 





32nd regiment. 87 

" Major-General Clinton mentions, in strong terms of commendation, 
" the conduct of the General officers, officers, and troops . . . particularly 
" Colonel Hinde, of the 32nd Regiment . . . and Ensign Newton, of the 
'* 32nd Regiment, who distinguished himself in the attack on the night of 
" the 23rd instant, and volunteered to lead the advanced party in the attack 
" of the 27th." Wellington Despatches, vol. ix., p. 200. 

Heavy losses among the British were the price of the victory, of 
which the historian, Napier, has said that, *' Remarkable as it was 
** in many points of view, it was not least so in this, that it was the 
" first decided Victor}' gained by the Allies in the Peninsula. In 
** former actions the French had been repulsed ; here they were 
"driven headlong, as it were, before a mighty wind, without help 
" or stay, and the results were fearful." 

The official returns show the loss in the 32nd Regiment to have 
been : — one lieutenant (Seymour), one ensign (Newton), one sergeant, 
and fourteen men, killed ; and two captains, five lieutenants, two 
ensigns, eight sergeants, and one hundred and three men, 
wounded. 

It may be interesting here to give an extract from a contemporary 
newspaper : 

" Ensign Newton, of the 32nd Regiment of Foot, who so eminently 
" distinguished himself on the night of the 23rd June, 1812, in the attack 
'* of the forts of Salamanca, and who so gallantly volunteered his services 
" to lead on the storming party on the 27th of the same month, is a 
" Canadian by birth, son of an Irish gentleman, originally from the county 
" of Wexford, who for many years held an important situation under the 
" British Government in North America. Ensign Newton has from his 
" youth been bred to arms. At the age of fifteen he obtained a commission 
" in the Nova Scotia Fencibles, in which he served for upwards of eight 
" years, and was a captain in said regiment some time before its reduction, 
"which took place during the last short peace. About three years ago 
" Mr. Newton came over to England, and, feeling an ardent desire again 
" to enter the British Service, was, at the particular request of his Royal 
" Highness the Duke of Kent, appointed to an ensigncy in the 32nd 
" Regiment" 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



An extract from the bulletin contained in the London Gazette 
Extraordinary, of 16th August, 1812, gives the following interesting 
paiticulars : 

" Despatch, dated 21st July, 1812. 
" Names of officers killed, wounded, and missing, of the Allied Army, 
" under the command of His Excellency General the Earl of Wellington, 
" in the battle near Salamanca on (he 22nd July, 1812.— 32nd Regiment ; 
" Killed— Licui. Seymour, Ensign Newton, 1 sergeant, 14 rank and tile. 
" Wounded —Captains Ross-Lewin, Toole (slightly) ; Lieuts. Greaves, 
" Eason (severely) ; Lieut. R. Robinson (slightly) ; Lieuts. Bowes, 
" Duiterworth ; Ensign Newton (2nd) (severely) ; Ensign (Volun- 
" teer) Ulood* (slightly) ; 8 sergeants, and 103 rank and file. 
" Miwing— None." 



on comparison that the speUing of names diners 
Gazelle and Army List (1812), and it is curious 
ensigns in the regiment of the same Christian 



NoTit,— It will be 9< 
In one or two caies in 
10 note thiit there wen 

And lurname. 



An old veteran of the 32nd Regi- 
ment, Thomas Palmer, was born on 
the ■'iOlh November, 1789. In January, 
1807, he enlisted into the 32nd Regi- 
ment, and in September of that year 
was present with his corps at the attack 
on Co[ienhagen. In 1808 and 1809 he 
served in Sir John Moore's army, and 
was present at Corunna. Then he 
served in the Walcheren expedition, 
and in August, 1809, was severely 
wounded at the siege of Flushing. 
He served again in the Peninsula 
during the years 1811 to 1814, inclu- 
sive ; was present at the siege and 
storming of Badajos, the battle of 
Snlamanca, and the capture of Madrid. He was discharged from the 
army in 1814, at Kilmainham Hospital, Dublin, when he was twenty- 




THOMAS PALMER. 



* Officers of militia were peimilted to volunteer for service in tine regiments, 
provided they would bring a certaiu nomber of militiamen with them. 



32nd regiment. 



89 



five years old, on a pension of nine-pence a day, and his papers show 
that throughout his service he was "a steady, good soldUr." After 
leaving the army he learnt the trades of shoeinaking and farming, and 
he practised these callings for many years, but on reaching the age of 
seventy he was obliged to give up all work. Although his service 
with the colours was less than eight years, he (in common with his 
comrades) experienced at times the most dreadful hardships and 
suffering, and had very many narrow escapes and some marvellous 
personal adventures. It has been calculated that since his enlistment 
in 1807, Palmer must have received in pay, pensions, granis, &c., 
the sura of ^1,400 of public money ; besides which, during the last 
three years Major Shanks, R.M.L.I., (who has taken the deepest 
interest in the old man's welfare, and through whose generous efforts 
the funeral was made a military one) has most kindly raised no less 
than j£,\OQ for his benefil, of which upwards of ^14 was contributed 
by Palmer's old regiment and the depot. He died at Weston-super- 
Mare, on 10th April, 1889. One officer (Lieutenant Chapman), one 
warrant officer, and two colour-sergeants, from Bodmin, attended his 
funeral. 

A portion of the troops — including the 6lh division^ — was left on 
the Douro, and Wellington, with the main body, then proceeded to 
Madrid. 

Major Ross Lewi n says: "Our wounded officers and men re- 
" covered very slowly, a circumstance attributable either to the 
" influence of the climate or the state of the blood, impoverished by 
" bad living," 

The result of Wellington's advance to Madrid was not so advanta- 
geous as he had reason to expect, and nothing seemed to rouse the 
Spaniards to action. On 1st September he quilted .Madrid with four 
divisions, and marched through Valladolid, in the direction of Burgos, 
a fortress of great strength and well garrisoned, and was joined by 
the Spanish Gallician army. Although unprovided with heavy 
artillery, WeUington determined to lay siege to that place. It was 
invested on the 20th by the 1st and 6th divisions and two Portuguese 
brigades, the rest of the army taking up an advanced position to 
cover the bcseiged force. 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



I-OURTH PERIOD. 

Siege of BnrgoB-Indla, 1^. 

1812-51. 

jiA^ FTER the bat[]e of Salamanca the Briiish followed ihe broken 
»^K fragmenis of ihe French army. The 6th division was 
however left on the Douro with some other troops, and 
Wellington, with the main body, proceeded to Madrid, making a 
triumphal entry into that city on 12lh August, 1812. Kelurning from 
Madrid, he drove the French out of Valladolid, which had been 
evacuated by the BriDsh and occupied by the enemy, down the fertile 
valleys of the Pisuerga and Ailanjen, taking up a position covering 
Burgos, which was still held by a French garrison. 

The Caslle of Burgos, with its formidable outworks, enclosed a 
rugged hill commanding the city, which lay between (hat defence 
and the river, and contained a garrison of fourteen hundred French, 
with a numerous artillery, under General Dubretor, a bold and skilful 
soldier. The place was invested by the Isl and 6th British divisions, 
with two brigades of Portuguese, on I9lh September, and Lord 
Wellington found it to be. in his own words, " the toughest job yet 
undertaken." A detached work, in a commanding situation, was 
carried by assault. Here batteries were erecled, but Weihngton had 
only three eightc en-pounders and five Howitzers. On the night of 
22nd September an aliempl to scale the outer wall (ailed, and two of 
the three eighteen -pounders were dismounted by the su[jerior fire 
from the castle. The besiegers next tried the sap and the mine, but 
with a considerable loss of life on their part, and when a breach was 
effected in the first wall on the 29lh, by the explosion of a mine, ihe 
troops directed to storm lost their way, and the garrison, in the space 
of a few hours, repaired the damage done. 

On 4th October another breach was made, and a lodgment was 
effected by the assailants ; but a sortie of the garrison on the (ollowing 
day caused considerable mischief, though they obtained only lem- 



32SD REGIMENT. 



61 



porary possession of the post, A parallel was then commenced 
Coward the second line of defences. Throughout the siege the 
workmen had to contend with many difficulties and great dangers ; it 
was nearly impossible for them to cover themselves, as ihey had to 
work on rock, barely concealed by the surface clay, and so hard that 
it required extraordinary labour to make the slightest impression on 
it. When our troops had established themselves within the outer 
wall, the enemy placed shells in long scoops, and, lighting the fuses, 
rolled them over the glacis, where ihey exploded, carrying death and 
destruction amongst the working parties. This, combined with a 
galling musketry fire, rendered the works almost untenable. On the 
night of the 8th another desperate sortie on the part of ihe garrison 
was attended with much loss on the part of the besiegers ; and ten 
days later another unsuccessful assault was made on the works. 

The ciiy o( Burgos, once the capital of Castile, lies close under the 
castle ; and, although in our possession, it was commanded by the 
castle. The 33nd Regiment was quartered in an old convent in the 
town. Owing to the absence of heavy artillery, the siege made little 
progress, and the delay became a serious matter, as Soult had formed 
a junction wiih King Joseph, and together mustered nearly sixty 
thousand men. Strong reinforcements had been pushed into the 
castle by the French, who succeeded in driving in the outposts, but 
eventually occupied their old position,* On the Slst Wellington 
decided to fall back and relinquish the siege. 

"Our retreat commenced after nightfall. We passed over the 
"bridge of Burgos, which was commanded by the Casile, on a still, 
"dark night, with the utmost caution. Not a word was spoken, and 
"not a sound was heard, save the tread of the numerous troops 
" marching past, while the garrison threw blue lights at short intervals 
" over the ramparts, that no enemy might approach unobserved. 
" There was something peculiarly awful in this night march of so 
" great a body of men — the cautious silence, the dead hour, and the 
" consideration that in an instant the guns of the Castle might send 



II 



* During ibc operalionii heCort Burgos the 32iid lost c 
Quick, two $erg«nnts, and one inon, wounded. 



93 HISTORICAL RECORDS Or THE 

" death amongst us. Some of the last troops had a few shots fired at 
" them, but, ahogether, this clever movement was so well conducted 
" that the garrison was ignorant of it until it was too late for them to 
" cause us any serious annoyance. 

"The army was much reduced by sickness; the 32nd did not 
" muster more than one hundred and fifty men, although there were 
" seven hundred and fifty in the country. 

" The French army followed us, and on the 23rd some skirmishing 
" took place between the enemy's van and our rear-guard ; the French 
" were superior to us in cavalry. We marched for the Douro under 
" circumstances ot severe privation ; only one pound of biscuit was 
" served out to each man for his six days' provisions. All the bridges 
" were blown up as soon as the last of our men had passed over, 
" which checked the pursuit ; but we were generally overtaken in the 
"evenings, when a show of resistance would be made on our part. 
" In the mornings we continued our retreat some hours before day- 
" break. We had to ford a number of small rivers, which, having 
" become much swollen by the late heavy rains, contributed to render 
" our march siill more uncomfortable. . . . Having crossed the 
" Carrion, we look up a very strong position at Duenas, on rising 
" ground, with the stream in our front. Some of our troops occupied 
"a large convent before the town, with some guns masked there. 
" Unfortunately, they fired on the first few dragoons that came within 
" range, thus uselessly exposing their position with no adequate result. 
"A village in front of our left was seized by the French; some 
" Spaniards and Brunswickers were sent to re-take it, but did not sue- 
"ceed until after a rather long and hot contest. . . . After hailing 
" here for one day, the retrogade movement was continued. Upon 
" our crossing the Douro, the bridges were blown up, and, as the river 
" was not fordahie, and the French were endeavouring to repair the 
"bridge of Tordesillas, we rested for two days in front of this place. 
" Here we ascertained that several men had deserted, and that some 
"sick, who were unable to keep up, had been made prisoners. 

"The retreat was still conducted under very disastrous circum- 
" stances. Our light cavalry were done up, and the artillery horses 
" nearly so. Men, spent with fatigue, fell into the enemy's hands, 



I RF.OIME.NT, 



" and desertions continued. The roads were in dreadful condition ; 
" the streams to be forded, many and swollen ; the bivouacs wet, and 
" almost without fites ; and food was as scarce as fuel. Many of the 
" troops had neither bread nor biscuit, and only rations of carrion-like 
" beef. The excessive dread Ihat seemed to be felt, lest any part of 
"our commissariat should fall into the enemy's hands, proved very 
"injurious to our troops, whose physical strength was exhausted 
"through want of the necessary supplies. We reached our old 
" position in front of Salamanca on 8ih November, hailing there for 
" four days. Sir Rowland Hill effected his junction with Wellington 
"three days before, Ballasteros, the commander of the Spanish 
"army, was subsequently banished to Ceuta for his disgraceful in- 
" activity and obstinacy in not entering into the views of the British 
"leader. The light division had been a good deal engaged during 
"the retreat. The loss occasioned to us by fatigue and desertion 
" was considerable, and some baggage fell into the hands of the 
" enemy. 

" Soult at this time assumed command of the united French army, 
" mustering ninety thousand men and a formidable artillery. The 
" British only mustered fifty-iwo thousand strong, of all nations. The 
" French, as usual, were strong in cavalry — nearly three to one as 
"compared to the British, whose generals were always crippled by 
" weakness in this arm. We could make no stand in out position at 
" San Christoval against the pursuing armies. We crossed the Tormes 
" by the bridge of Salamanca, marching through the town ; but how 
" different were our sensations at this time from those that we ex- 
" perienced on our first entry ! We passed one night on the ground 
" where the battle was fought. The enemy did not seem to be 
" desirous to force us into action, but, by threatening our communi- 
"cations with Ciudad Rodrigo, Wellington was compelled to set his 
"army in motion without loss of time and lake the roads leading to 
" Portugal. 

" So much rain had fallen latterly that the roads were in a most 
" wretched condition, and in many places knee-deep, and we had, as 
"usual, various deep streams to ford. All this was dreadfully dis- 
" tressing to men who were already nearly worn out by long marches, 



94 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" want of rest, bad living, and the weight of iheit arms and accoutre- 
" menCs ; and several, sinking through weakness, were smothered in 
" the mud. 

" Such tents as we had began now to be left standing on the ground 
" that we had occupied for the night, as we no longer possessed the 
" means for carrying ihem. 

"On the 17th November Sir Edward Paget was taken prisoner. 
" The French pursuit was somewhat relaxed as the Allies neared 
" Ciudad Rodrigo, but, had it not been for thai active partizan, Don 
" Julian Sanchez, who mounted about eight hundred helpless men of 
" ours behind his guerillas, and conveyed them in that manner to the 
"before-mentioned fortress, we must have lost them, in addiiion to 
" the many others who perished in ihis disastrous retreat. 

" The 32nd lost fifty men ; the 82nd, two hundred men ; and every 
" corps in the army had their casualties lo a greater or less extent. 
" On the thirty-first day from the date of our departure from the 
" position in front of Burgos we arrived under the walls of Ciudad 
" Rodrigo. 

" From Ciudad Rodrigo we marched to Barquilla, where we made 
" a halt of three days before crossing the border. We entered 
" Portugal drenched with rain, and took up our ground in a ploughed 
" field. The green wood was so wet that it would not burn, and 
" those who had provisions could not cook them ; consequently it 
"was hardly possible to conceive anything much more wretched in 
" its way than our situation. Much amusement was, however, caused 
" by the General sending his aide-de-camp to us to say ' he had no 
" objection to our making ourselves as comfortable as circumstances 
" would permit ! ' " 

The army, with the exception of Sir Rowland Hill's corps, which 
returned lo Estremadura, now went into cantonments in the province 
of Beira. We took up our winter quarters on 3rd December, at 
St. Jago. The battalion here received their new equipment. During 
this year a draft from the 2nd batlalion, consisting of six sergeants 
and one hundred and fifty rank and file, under the command of 
Captain Purcell, joined the regiment. 

The regiment was brigaded with the 36th, 1st battalion llih, 



J 



32Nrj rhc:jmkni. 

and Gist regitnenls, under the command of Colonel Hinde, 32nd 
regiment, as the 2nd brigade of the 6th, or Lieutenant-General Sir 
H. Clinton's, division. 



The following extract from a MSS. journal, lent to the editor by 
Colonel Bingham, R,A., of Shoeburyness, will be read with interest, 
as it serves to throw fresh light on this memorable retreat, which has 
received but scant notice by the historians : 

" October 31, 1812, 

" Camp in front of TordesJllas. 
" General Souham having taken the conimand of the t'rench army and 
"great reinforcements having arrived from France, particularly cavalry, it 
" was necessary to give up the ill-fated siege of the Casile of Burgos, and 
" retire ; which determination was carried into effect on the night of the 
"21sti our battery guns, three in number, thai were in fact not worth 
"bringing away, were dcstroy'd, and part of the covering army, passing 
" through the city of Burgos over the bridges, which were previously 
" prepared with dung to prevent the noise of the guns and horses being 
"heard in the Castle, which commanded them within musquet shoL 
" Favor'd by the darkness of the night the whole of the baggage, artillery, 
" cavalry, and a part of the infantry made the passage without being 
" discovered, having only a random shot from a sentry now and then ; the 
" remainder (our division forming a part) left the town on our left, and 
"being much detained by dreadful roads we arrived at Cclada del 
" Caminha by noon of the 22nd. I should have told you, that we had 
" been moved up to the covering army on the night of the 20th, through 
" the town ; so that the 21st, the first night of the retreat, was the second 
" we have been on the march. We moved again at 7 o'clock, on the 
" morning of the 23rd, and arrived after dark at our ground near 
" Torquemada, marching, as we computed it, a distance of nearly 60 miles 
" in the two days, fortunately, fine weather ; and after we had got into the 
"great Madrid line, the road was broad and good; the retreat was 
" unmolested on the 22ad. On the 23rd, the enemy's cavalry followed 
" very closely ; the brigade of heavy German cavalry having failed in a 
" chaige, the enemy's cavalry broke in on ours, and there was a complete 
" race and mell^e for three or four miles. Lord Wellington and his staff 
" were in the crowd, and it was who could get off the fastest ; the enemy's 
"cavalry were brought up by two squares of Light Infantry who stood 



96 HISTORlCAt KECORDS OF THE 

"veiy steadily, and behind them our cavaJry rallied and formed. After all, 
" the loss was not great. Colonel Paly of the I6th Dragoons was taken ; 
" the French who came up in no state to make an impression on our 
" squares of infantry suffered from their fire. On the mominy of the 24lh 
"our brigade was moved at daylight into the town of Torquemada ; a 
" raasqued battery of 18 guns was established opposite the bridges (the 
" great road crosses the Pinaga, which — though not a very wide— is always 
" a deep river) and we were placed in the houses, which we loopholed to 
" protect the battery, the remainder of the army who moved off at the 
'■ time we went into the town was in a sad stale. On the outside of 
" Torquemada, on the side where the army bivouac'd, there was a small 
" hill, which had been hollowed into wine vaults, and where the inhabitants 
" kept their wine. As the troops took up their ground after dark this was 
" not known and no safegtiards were posted ; these vaults were soon 
"discovered, and as soon* as discovered entered. The consequence was, 
" the whole army was drunk ; the brigade 1 commanded was fortunately 
" farthest from the scene of disorder, and it was not until the morning 
" that our people made the discovery. I heard a noise, and got up, and 
"found some men of the 61sl drinking wine out of a camp kettle, which I 
" immediately overset. I immediately awakened all the officers, and as we 
"had the officers of three regiments to somewhat about^ 1000 men, we 
" contrived to keep the people sober, and so were able to undertake the 
" post of rear guard. About 11 the advanced guard of cavalry made 
" their appearance, and were allowed nearly to pass over the bridge when 
" the masked battery opened on them— this rendered them cautious 
" throughout the day ; and we retired 12 miles, to the position of Duiinas, 
"without molestation or interruption, and fortunate that it was so; the 
" army, from drunkenness, being in a complete state of disorganiiation. 
" On the 25th we remained in position ; the enemy made a smart attack 
"on the left, where the 5th Division was posted, and heavy columns were 
" directed toward Pulintin ; at first Ihey appeared to carry all before them, 
" but, in the afternoon they were driven out of Villa Muriel, which they 
"had possessed, and across the river, with the loss of about 100 Prisoners. 
"At another point on our right they were successful; their cavalry 
" chained at the Bridge of Teriego, which was preparing for explosion, 
" and dispersed a party of the 1st Division ; our cavalry retired and left 
" the point in their hands, as well as a party of about 60 infantry, the 
"immediate guard at the Bridge, who were made Prisoners. On this day 

"the 1st Guards joined We were moved in a hurry to 

" Uriana, to cover a ford and support the cavalry ; here we remained the 



J 



32nd RElirMENT. 0" 

"whole of the 27tli. On Ihe28lh (the enemy having extended themselves 
"along the right bank both of the Premerja and Duero, and pushed on as 
"far as opposite this place) we retired also, havmg blown up the Bridges 
"of Cabeton, Valladolid, and the Puente de Duero, after the aimy had 
"passed; we baited for the night on the banks of the Duero, and 
"yesterday morning we came to this place, a report ha\'ing been sent that 
" the enemy had repaired the Bridge and crossed ; and our baggage 
" having been sent away, we prepared to give Battle, On our arrival we 
"found the report not correct, a small picqiiet only having crossed. Our 
" baggage did not join us until 9 o'clock at night, and our situation in the 
"middle of a dreary plain, raining hard, with nothing to eat and nothing 
"to make a fire with except thistles, was not very pleasant. The enemy 
" have moved again in the direction of Toro ; what L^ Wellington's plans 
" are, no one can tell ; for we seem inclined to make a corresponding 
"movement, ll is said, our army is to be remforced by two Divisions 
" from the centre army, in which case, General Souham may find himself 
" in the wrong box in having pushed so far down the Duero as Toro ; he 
"will have lo fight with the river in his rear, and we could always be at 
" Valladohd before him, and then his line of operations being cut off, he 
' would be obliged to escape in some manner very difficult if not 
" impossible ; in the meantime Soult may and will advance, and occupy 
"Madrid, but will not be able to penetrate the passes of the Guadarama ; 
"so that if we could gain a decisive advantage over Souham, he might 

" find his retreat diflicult to accomphsh We lost 

" 9 men on the night of the 22nd. I dont exactly know where, but I 
"believe that as we were passing a camp where brandy was desiroyed for 
" want of means lo carry it off, they rendered themselves incapable of 
" marching. I am afraid the losses of the army in that manner amounts 
" to something considerable ; our men are so greedy of drink, and so 
" utterly careless of consequences, that a night march, a retreat, or 
" enforced march of any kind, costs us as man/ men as a smart skirmish. 
" The army is not a little out of humour with his Lordship (Wellington) at 
" present, who — in a circular letter he has addressed lo the Generals 
" commanding Divisions — has laid the blame of the losses in Ihe last 
"retreat to the want of energy and activity of the officers comms 
" Brigades, Regiments, and companies ; he affirms the army suffered no 
" privations except such as they were exposed to from the severity of the 
" weather ; but the wearied, famished wretches who perished by hundreds 
" on the roads, and were left unburied and half devoured by dogs and 
" wolves, as an encouragement I suppose to others, is a refutation of this 



98 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



"accusation. The army were (for 
ilbout bread, and the whnle were 



the greatest part) tnnce, three days 
six months in arrear of pay ! having 
money to buy sail or vegetables after marching all day ; the time the 
a ought to hate rested was employed in working ; in fact the men 
re worn out with ronslanl marching, having travelled over 2,000 miles 
"of country in the last II months, each man loaded with 60 rounds of 
"ammunition, a great coat, and a blanket. Are these no privations?" 



1813. 

General James Ogilvie, who had been colonel of the regiment 
for nine years, died on the 12th February, 1813, and was succeeded 
by General Alexander Campbell,* of Monrie, North Britain, from 
the 13ih Fool 

In May, 1813, Wellington entered Spain once more, driving the 
French out of Salamanca, quickly turning Iheir positions on the 
Douro, and forcing them back upon Burgos, whence they retreated 
to the Ebro, after blowing up the castle. 

The 6th division crossed the Douro on 19th May, hailed on the 
20th at Toro de Monte Corvo, reached Malados on the 2Gth, and — 
after resting tor one day— resumed its march and entered Spain on 
the 29th by crossing the river Corsa at Murza, where Hindc's brigade 
halted till the 3Ist. 

On Ist June the division crossed the Esla, by a pontoon bridge, 
and continued its march until the 19th, when a halt was made near 
Vittoria to observe the movements of a corps of French, under 
General Clausel, who was advancing from Bilboa. 



• This gallant veteran entered the Black Watch, then slfllioned in Ireland, in 
170S- lie lubsequenlly joined the 1st Royals in Minorca, and was afterwards 
promoted in the 50(h. with which regiment and the 6Snd he served in the earlier 
campaigns of the American war, including the txitllc of Saratoga. During the 
later campaigns he was employed as major in one of the Light Infanliy battalions. 
He served with the 3rd Guards, under the Duke of York, on the Conliiienl ; and 
as a major-general on the staff with 5ir Ralph Aberciotnby in the West Indies, 
and afterwards in Ireland and Scotland. He raised the Ilfllh Perthshire High- 
landers, a corps which had a brief existence in 1TS4-0G, and was subsequently 
eobneliniucccssionoflhcTlh West India Regimenl, Ihc lllh Fool, and the 32nd 
Foot, which latter appointment he held for twenty years, up to the time of hU 
death, in IS32. 




3-2sit RKirMRM. !»9 

Meanwhile, Wellington had turned the Frencli on the Ebro by a 
flank march, and driven them back to Villoria, where, in a general 
engagement, on 2!st June, they were put lo utter rout. Hinde's 
brigade did not reach Viiiotia until (he following day, when it was 
successful in intercepting a movement of Clausel's corps lo recapture 
the town and booty, when llie main body of the Allies had advanced 
in pursuit. From Vittorin (he 6ih and 7ih divisions were despatched 
to blockade Pamplona, and subsequently, when relieved in this duly 
by a Spanish corps, proceeded to join Wellington, who— having 
marched six hundred miles, gained one great battle and invested two 
positions, San Sebastian and Pamplona, within the space of seven 
weeks — now stood triumphant on the Pyrenees, behind which Soult 
had withdrawn. 

Battle of tlie PrreneeB. 

Soult once more made a desperate effort in advance; forced the 
passes of Maya and Ronsesvalles, and marched upon Pamplona, In 
front of which Wellington concentrated most of the British troops. 
The 6th division was moving up from St. Estevan on 27th July to 
support ihe troops attacked in front, but were halted- — by Welling- 
ton's order — for the night. On Ihe following morning it marched to 
join the army which was formed up for battle among the mountains, 
forming across a valley on the left rear of the 4ih division. 
Immediately after the advance of the French columns of attack 
commenced the confiicl since known as the battle of the Pyrenees. 

A body of French moving along the valley of Lanz towards the 
mountain at its extremity, Hinde's brigade was ordered forward at a 
run to seize the mountain. The British mounted one side of the hill 
as the French climbed the other, but the Drilish gained the summit 
first, and opened fire with deadly effect. Taken in either flnnk as 
well as in front, the French were driven back, with terrible carnage, 
beyond ihe village of Sauroren, whither they were followed by 
Hinde's brigade. The firing was maintained on both sides until after 
dark. During the day the Oih division, commanded by General 
P.ikenham, bore a most distinguished part. The 32nd was warmly 
engaged, and ihe loss of the battalion was very severe. Lieutenant- 
Colonel \Vood fell in front of the colours, Lieutenant-Colonel 



g 



100 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Hicks then assumed [he command, and during the succeeding 
operations of the day led the left wing to the charge against the 32nd 
French regiment, which it dispersed, and carried off ten brass drums 
marked with the number of the regiment. 

On the 29th the armies remained quiet in their respective 
positions ; but, on the 30lh, the light companies of the 6th division 
and 32nd Regiment were ordered to dislodge a portion of the enemy 
posted between Sauroren and Ostir, which service ihey most 
gallantly performed under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Hinde. 
The regiment was actively employed during the remainder of the 
operations in the Pyrenees. 

During the operations, between the 28th and 30th July, the 33nd 
lost one lieutenant-colonel (Lieutenant-Colonel Wood), killed ; 
Captain Toole and one volunteer — Lloyd — severely wounded; one 
sergeant and fifty rank and file, killed and wounded,* 

Lieutenant Colonels Hinde and Hicks, and the representatives of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Wood, received gold medals. 

On 2nd August the 6th division was within sight of the fair fields of 
France. Moving down the French slope of the Pyrenees, it 
advanced a short distance into France, and, subsequently falling back, 
relieved the 2nd division in position on the Heights of Maya, 
watching the pass of that name. Major-General {afterwards Sir John) 
Lambert here succeeded to the command of the brigade. Colonel 
Hinde reverting to the command of his regiment, the 32nd. 

On 1st September, 1813, the 32nd, with the rest of the division, 
was employed in driving the enemy from the heights in its front, and 
again, on 7lh October, in creating a diversion in favour of the 
troops engaged in the passage of Bidassoa. During the operations 
Colonel Hinde received a severe wound in the leg, which necessitated 
his return home; this unfortunate occurrence deprived the regiment 
of the services of that officer, and the command again devolved upon 
Lieutenant-Colonei Hicks. Major-General Sir A. Colville was 
pleased to express himself in the following manner, in Division 
Orders, on I 



* l^tnden Giaettt Extnardiaaty, August 16lh, IS13. 



32nd*kegiment. 101 

"Major-General Colville cannot conclude these observations, 
" occasioned by the demonstrations ordered to be made by the 
" Division on the 7th insl., without expressing the sense of the loss it 
"must feel in the valuable services of Colonel Hinde, from the 
" unlucky wound he received that day." 

From 7ih October until 9th November the regiment continued in the 
Pyrenees, and suffered considerably from the extreme inclemency of ihe 
weather, which retarded any forward movement of the army until 10th 
November, when the whole advanced to dislodge the enemy from a 
formidable line of works on the Nivelle, which they had been 
preparing with great labour since the failure of their efforts on Ihe 
Pyrenees. 

Battle of NiveUe. 

"At daybreak on 10th November ninety thousand troops, British, 
" Portuguese, and Spanish, with ninety-five pieces of artillery, made 
"a concerted attack upon the French position, in columns of 
"division, each division led by its own general and forming its own 
" reserves. The French were driven from their advanced post, back 
" upon iheir main position in rear of the village of Nivelle, which was 
" ultimately carried, fifty-one guns and fifteen hundred prisoners 
" falling into the captors' hands." In his description of the progress 
of the attack, Wellington has left on record, "that he had the 
"pleasure of seeing the 6th division, under Lieu tenant- Genera I Sir 
" Henry Clinton— after having crossed the Nivelle, and having 
" driven in the enemy's picquets on both flanks, and havmg covered 
" the passage of the Portuguese division, under Lieutenanl-General 
" Sir James Hamilton, on its right — make a most handsome attack on 
" the right of the enemy's position behind d'Arrhune, and on the 
" right of (he Nivelle, carrying all ihe entrenchments and redoubts on 
"that flank."* 

In this action the left brigade of the 6th division, composed of ihe 
11th, 32nd, 36th, and 61st regiments, under the command of Major- 
General Lambert, particularly distinguished itself in carrying the 



lOJ 



ISTOKILAL RKCOKDS C 



heights of d'Arrhune. The 32nd lost on this occasion Ensign 
0. B, Butler, one sergeant, six rank and file, killed ; Lieutenant Boaz, 
four sergeants, one drummer, and foriy-nine rank and file, 
wounded. 

The army was thanked in General Orders, and the word "Nivelle" 
was perinitied to be worn on the colours and appointments of the 
regiment. The commanding officer. Lieu tenant- Colonel Hicks, re- 
ceived a gold medal. 

After the battle of Nivelle the 6th division went mto cantonments, 
the 32nd Regiment occupying Ustariiz, a small town on the river, 
about ten miles above Bayonne. 

On. 8ih December the regiment moved from its cantonments, 
crossing the Nive by a bridge of boats, and during that and the 
following day v,as warmly engaged with the enemy ; recrossed the 
Nive on the evening of 9th December, and returned into old quarleis 
at Ustarilz. The returns show a loss in the 32nd of two men, killed j 
five wounded ; and one missing. 

In the memorial porch, erected lo the English church, at Biarritz, 
in 1&S3, are marble tablets in Gothic frame work, bearing inscriptions 
in lead lettering, to the memory of the British officers and men killed 
in the actions which took place between October 7ih, 1H13, and April 
14lh, 1814. Amongst them is the following, under 32nd i 



" Thirty-Second Foot. 
" Ens. J. 0. Br^on Butler, Nivelle, Nov. lOih. 
" N.C.O., i., Nov. 10th. 
" R.F., iv., Nov. lOih ; ii., Dec. 9th." 



Battle of the Nive. 

On 12th December the Gth division was ordered to cross the Nive 
in support of a series of operations in course of cxecuiion on that 
river by the corps under the command of Lieut en ant-General Sir 
Rowland Hill. In these operations ihe 32nd Regiment shared the 
duties of the left brigade, and only sustained a trifling loss. For its 
services on this occasion the regiment was |)ermitted to bear on its 



33nd regiment. 103 

colours and appointments the word "NivE,"and Lieulenant-Cobnel 
Hicks received a gold medal.* 

The enemy now retired beyond the Adour, and the 6iii division 
went into cantonments near Villefrancha, on (he Nive, above Bayonne, 
where the 32nd remained until 21st February, 18H. 

During the year 1S13 the 32nd Regiment received the following 
reinforcements from the 2nd baltahon, viz. : Captain Jones, with five 
sergeants and one hundred and one rank and file ; Ensign Sayer, 
with one sergeant and fifty rank and file ; and Ensign Small, with three 
sergeants and forty-two rank and file. 

1814. 

On 21st January, the 6th division removed from its cantonments 
near Villefrancha, and marched in the direction of Orthes, In the 
middle of February, Wellington made a general advance, in order to 
drive Soult out of his line of defence on the Adour. Sir Rowland 
Hill had forced the enemy back behind the Gave de Fau ; the centre 
of the allied army was put in motion, and Bayonne was invested. 
On the 36ih, the 3rd division and the cavalry forded the Gave de Pau 
below Orthes, and the 4th and 7lh divisions ai a point still further 
down the river. It was intended that Sir Rowland Hill's corps and 
the 6th and light divisions should force the bridge of Orthes, but it 
was afterwards thought advisable not to make the attempt. 

Battle of Orthes. 
On the morning of the 27ih, the 6th and light divisions had already 
moved down to the point where the 3rd division had forded the day 
before, and crossed by a pontoon bridge that had been laid down for 
the guns. Soull occupied a range of hills, his left resting on the 
village of Orthes and his right on a steep declivity behind the village 
of St, Boes, with a strong reser\'e behind. The 4th and 6th divisions, 
under Marshal Beresford, attacked the position, but failed ; en this 
the 7th division, with one brigade of the light division, were led 



104 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



against the enemy's right ; the 3rd and 6th divisions, with the 32nd 
Regiment, advanced at the same time, under Sir T. Picton and Sir 
Henrj- Clinton respectively. In the meantime Sir Rowland Hill, 
with his division, endeavoured to cut off the French line of retreat. 
The French were beheved to have lost six thousand — killed, wounded, 
and taken prisoners. The 32nd Regiment did not advance beyond 
Orthes with the 6th division. The next day the 32nd crossed the 
Adour, which was nearly five feet deep, and very great difficulty was 
experienced, as the wooden bridge had been broken down the day 
before. For the services here the commanding officer — Lieutenant- 
Colonel Hicks — received a gold clasp to his medal. 

The regiment having been a long time in the field without receiving 
any supplies, it was found necessary to send it hack to St. Jean-de-Luz 
— about eight days' march— where it arrived on 14th March ; and, 
having received clothing for the men, proceeded to join the army, but 
was halted at Tarbes, by order of Wellington, in consequence, it was 
believed, of the enemy being in possession of the Castle of Lourdes. 
During the halt at Tarbes the regiment was Joined by a detachment 
of sergeants and one hundred and nine rank and file, under the 
command of Captain Whiity, from the 2nd battalion. 

" On 10th April we were directed to proceed from Tarbes to 
"Toulouse with the battering train, pontoons, and boats. After a 
"march of ten days we joined the 6th division about six leagues 
"beyond Toulouse. The battle had been fought. After the 
" battle of Toulouse, hostilities having ceased, the 6th division 
" occupied Auch as its head-quarters, and the 32nd Regiment, 
" having joined, was cantoned at Pavie, a small village in its 
" vicinity." * 

Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Clinton, being called on another 
service, relinquished the command of the 6ih division, which he had 
held during the most brilliant services of the army in the Peninsula. 
He was succeeded by Major- General Lambert ; Colonel Douglas, 79th 
regiment, being appointed to command (he right, and Lieutenant- 
Colonel Hicks, 32nd regiment, the left, brigades.. 



32nd 



!05 



I pub- 



On taking leave of the division, Lieu tenant-General Clin 
lished the following Divisional Order : 

"Auch, 

" 19ih May, 1814. 

" Being called or another service, Lt.-GcnI. Sir H. Clinton takes leave 
" of the 6th Division. He docs not without regret give up the Command 
" of Troops, who, in ever meeting with the enemy, have not failed 
"honourably to distinguish themselves, while the orderly and generally 
"soldierlike conduct has often attracted the notice and approbation of the 
"great Commander of the Army. 

" The Lieut. -General is desirous of acknowledging how highly he feels 
" indebted lo the brave 6th Division. He cannot better mark the interest 
" he (eels lor the future reputation of those Kegts., than by reminding the 
"Commanding Officers how entirely their good order depended upon a 
" prompt obedience to orders and a Meady and continued observance of 
" the Regulations named lor the government of the anny^thal no 
" Regiment can continue essentially in order unless the quatilicatJons of 
" its officers for the perlormance of its sevetal duties be provided for and 
" regularly required, and that for the instruction of the Soldiers ranks 
" foremost in the quahfications of the Regimental Officers. 

"(Sd.) J. GUBWOOI), A.A.G." 



In the beginning of June, the 6th division received orders to 
march to Bordeaux, and arrived at Blaye fort on the Uth. Here the 
greater part of the British army had been previousls' assembled and 
encamped, awaiting orders for embarkation. They were received on 
ihe 13ih by His Grace the Duke of Wellington, who was pleased to 
publish the following in General Orders, dated Bordeaux, 14th 
June, 1814; 

" Adjutant General's Office, 

"Bordeaux, 14lh June, 1814. 

"The Commander of the Forces being on the point of reluming to 
" England, again takes the opportunity of congratulating the Army upon 
" the recent events which have restored peace to their Country and lo the 
" World. The share which the Hritish Army had in producing those 
" Events, and the high character with which the Army will quit this 
" Country must be equally satisfactory to every individual belonging to it 
" as they are to the Commander of the Forces, and he trusts that the 
"Troops will maintain the same good character to the last. 

" The Commander of the Forces once more requests the Army to 
"accept his thanks. Although circutnstances may alter the relations to 
" which he has stood towards them for some years so much to bis satlsfac- 



06 HISTORICAL KECOUDS OK THE 


1 


lion, he assures ihem he will never cease to feel the « 
their welfare and honour, and that he will be at all tir 
anj' service lo those to whose conduct, discipline, 
country is so much indebted 


nes happy to be of 
and gallantry the 



"(S(i.) E. M. Pakenham, a. General." 



On the morning of 21st June the 6ih division marched for 
Pauillac, on the Garonne, where it arrived and embarked the same 
evening. It sailed on the 26th, and proceeded lo its several destina- 
tions in England and Ireland; and the 32nd Regiment arrived and 
disembarked at the Cove of Cork on 12th July, and marched the 
same day to Middleton. 

For the services of the 32rd Regiment during the Peninsular War, 
His Royal Highness the Prince Regent was graciously pleased to 
authorise its bearing the following distinguished badges on its 
colours and appointments; " Roleia," "Vimeera," "Salamanca," 
" Pyrenees," " Nivelle." " Nive," " Orthes," " Peninsula ; " and 
the following officers of the regiment were also honoured with the 
undermentioned individual marks of distinction : Colonel Hinde, 
for his services at the battle of Roleia, Vimiera, Corunna, Salamanca, 
and the Pyrenees, the gold cross* established by His Royal Highness 
the Prince Regent as a mark of distinction to officers who had com- 
manded in four general actions ; to the representatives of the late 
Lieutcnant-Colone! Wood, for his services in the battles of Salamanca 
and Pyrenees, a gold medal and one clasp ; and lo Lieutenant-Colonel 
Hicks, for his services in the Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, and Orthes, the 
gold cross, he also having commanded in four general actions. 

Shortly after the arrival of the regiment at Middleton, it received 
orders to proceed to Cloncorry barracks, where it was Stationed for 
one month, and then marched for Fermoy, at which place one 
hundred men, who had enlisted for limited seirice, were discharged. 
A reinforcement, however, from the 2nd battalion, of seven sergeants 
and one hundred and thirty-one rank and file, made up for this 
diminution of its number, and it still mustered eight hundred rank 
and file. 



32nd regiment. 



RECORD OF THE SECOND BATTALION OF THE 
aSND REGIMENT OF FOOT. 

The Second Battalion of the 32nd (or Cornwall) Regiment of 
Foot was, with a number of other second battalions, ordered lo be 
formed on 1st August, 1804. 

The head-quarters of the regiment was iit Launceslon, in Cornwall. 
The field officers, with the exception of Major Pye from the 3rd 
battalion reserve, were appointed frora the 1st battalion, with a 
proportion of non-commissioned officers. The quaiter [jart of the 
company officers were selected from other corps. 

On 4th June, 1807, the battalion — consisting of twenty-eight 
sergeants, twenly-two drummers, and four hundred and eighty-three 
rank and file— received its colours; on which occasion Lieutenant- 
Colonel M. Power (who commanded) made an animated speech to 
the officers and men, 

On 4th August the battalion marched from Harwich for Weely 
barracks, where it arrived on the same day. On Dih May, 1*^08, ihe 
battalion marched from Weely barracks, on its route to Guernsey, 
and arrived at Tilbury Fort. It embarked on the 12lb, sailed on 
the !9th, and arrived at Tilbury, in Guernsey, on 31st December. 
On 1st June, 1808, it marched to Delaney barracks- 

1809-15. 

On 5th March, 180y, the battalion embarked for Ireland, and 
arrived in the Cove of Cork on the 13lh, disembarked at Monkstown 
on the 15th, and marched for Fermoy, where it arrived on the IGlh. 

On 25th May, 1809, a second assistant surgeon was added to the 
battalion. It was quartered in many parts of Ireland from the date 
of its arrival lo the time of its reduction, and nothing very important 
occurred, with the exception of its sending drafts to the 1st battalion 
on the following dates : 

On 2Sth June, 1811, a draft, consisting of three hundred and nine 
privates, under the command of Captain G. W. Patlej!, was sent from 
Cork to Portugal ; on 9th March, 1812, a draft of six sergeants, six 
corporals, and one hundred and fifty-one privates, under the com- 



L 



mand of Captain G. Pureed, from Omagh to Portugal ; on 6th 
October, a draft of five sergeants, four corporals, and ninety-seven 
privates, under the command of Captain J. Jones, from Omagh to 
Spain ; on 6th January, 1813, a draft of one sergeant, two corporals, 
and forty-eight privates, under the command of Ensign Sajer, from 
the depot at Winchester to Spain ; on 17th February, 1814, a draft 
of five sergeants, five corporals, and one hundred and four privates, 
under the command of Captain E. Whitty, from Cavan to France; 
and on ITlh August, 1814, a draft of seven sergeants, four corporals, 
and one hundred and twenly-seven privates, under the command of 
Captain R. Dillon, from Omagh to Fermoy ; the 2nd battalion being 
disbanded on 23rd October, 1814, the whole of the serviceable non- 
commissioned officers and men, consisting of eighteen sergeants, 
thirteen corporals, and one hundred and forty-two privates, marched 
from Omagh and joined the 1st battalion in Cork. 

The regiment marched to Cork early in December, 1814, and in 
January, 1815, received orders to hold itself in readiness to proceed 
to America; but ils departure being delayed till March, and 
Buonaparte having escaped from Elba, the destination of the regiment 
was changed, and on 28th April. 1815, it embarked from Monkstown 
for the Netherlands, It arrived at Ostcnd on lOih May, and was 
conveyed in boats up the canal lo Ghent, where it halted for a few 
days for the purpose of being equipped for the field, after which it 
marched to Brussels and was attached to Major-General Sir James 
Kempt's brigade, 6th division, which was shortly after reviewed by the 
Duke of Wellington, who was pleased to express his approbation. 

Battle of Qnatre Bras. 

The whole force at the disposal of the Duke was about sixty-eight- 
thousand, and was composed largely of foreigners, a great 
number of whom were militiamen. The native British troops, among 
whom there were also many young and untried soldiers, consisted of 
about twenty-four thousand, while of the remainder a large proportion 
were Hanoverians, recently raised and im(>erfecily tramed ; while 
others, like the Belgians, were troops of very inferior quality and 
hardly to be trusted at a pinch. 



32nd REGI^*iENT. 109 

The British artillery consisted of thirty brigades,* with six guns to 
each brigade ; they were in admirable order. This army was divided 
into two corps ; the first commanded by the Prince of Orange, the 
second by Lord Hill. The cavalry were placed under the orders of 
the Earl of Uxbridge. 

The army in Belgian territory was kept for strategical purposes, and 
also with an object of furnishing supplies, which were scattered over 
different parts of the country. The 32nd Regiment, with the 5th 
division, was in Brussels. 

Ross-Lewin, in his IJfe of a Soldier^ says : " During our stay, 
" Brussels was the scene of much gaiety ; war seemed to be totally 
" forgotten. The Duke of Wellington gave a grand rout on the 8th 
** June, at which the Prince of Orange, the Duke of Brunswick, and 
"all the British and foreign nobility then resident in Brussels 
** attended. Four cards of invitation were received by each regiment, 
'* and one of those sent to mine fell to my lot. The company passed 
" through an illuminated garden to the reception rooms ; the Duke 
" of Wellington stood, distinct from all present, near the entrance to 
" receive his guests, and looked very well. Dancing was kept up to 
"a late hour. The Prince of Orange led the Duchess of Richmond 
" to the supper rooms, which were in the apartments of the middle 
"story. The rooms were excessively crowded, considering the time 
" of the year, and not one half of the guests could find places at the 
" supper tables. 

" The Duchess of Richmond gave a grand ball on the 15th. That 
" day I dined with Sir James Kempt. Coffee and a young aide-de- 
" camp from the Duke of Wellington came in together. This officer 
" was the bearer of a note from the Duke, and while Sir James was 
" reading it said : * Old Blucher has been hard at it — a Prussian 
" officer has just come to the Beau, all covered with sweat and dirt, 
" and says they have had much fighting.' Our host then rose, and. 



* Extracts from General Order: "Brussels, 21st May, 1815 — The 1st 
** Batt. 28th, 1st Batt. 32n(l, 1st Batt. 79th, and 1st Batt. 95th are to form the 
** 8th British Brigade under M.G. Sir James Kempt. The 8th and 9th British 
** Brigades and 5th Hanoverians are to form the 5th Division of Infantr)'." 




110 HrSTOHiC^L KECOHDS OF THK 

"addressing the regimental officers at the table, said : 'Gentlemen, 
"you will proceed without delay to your respective regiments; and 
"let thera get under arms immediately.' 

"On my way, I found several of our officers sitting at a coffee- 
" house door, and told them Sir James Kempt's orders. They 
"seemed at first to think that I was jesting, being hardly able to 
" credit the tidings of so near and so unexpected an approach of the 
" French ; but they soon perceived that I spoke seriously, and dis- 
"persed each to his own quarters. In a few minutes, however, the 
" most incredulous would have been thoroughly undeceived ; for the 
" drums began to beat, bugles to sound, and Highland pipes to squeal, 
" in ail quarters of the city. The scene that ensued was of the most 
"animated kind — such was the excitement of the inhabitants, the 
" buzz of tongues, the repeated words of command, the hurrying of 
"the soldiers through the streets, the clattering of horses' hoofs, the 
"clash of arras, the rattlintj of the wheels of waggons and gun 
"carriages, and the sounds of warlike music. The different regi- 
" ments of infantry closed up in Place Royale ; and at daylight the 
" whole were in motion towards Waterloo, the Duke and the generals 
" riding on before us. 

" We — the 32nd Regiment and 5th division— halted for some time 
" near the village in the forest of Soigines, which some suppose to be 
" a part of the immense one of Ardennes, so celebrated for its extent, 
"and the deeds and adventures of which it was the scene, as well in 
"the classical as in the middle a^es. It now answers the useful 
"purpose of supplying Brussels with firewood. When the bugle 
"sounded to fall in again, one of our captains exclaimed, 'That is 
" my death warrant ! ' The poor fellow's prediction was soon verified. 
" for he was killed a few hours afterwards. 

"From Waterloo we marched to Genappe, a league and a half 
" further on. Genappe is riearly five leagues from Brussels; it has 
"only one street, but the houses are large and comfortahle. The 
"country about it is quite open, and continues so for the whole 
"distance between it and Quatre Rras, a small inn so called because 
" the road from Brussels to Charleroi, by which we advanced, is there 

intersected by that from Nivelles to Namur, passing by St. Amaud. 



J 



32nd REGIMEMT, 111 

""nie Prussian right rested on the latter place, and it was an essential 
" object wilh the Allies to keep open both these communications ; 
"we therefore hailed at Quatre Bras, a little ader iwo p.m., there to 
" dispute this imporiant point with the advancing enemy. 

" Between [he 10th and Hth of June, Napoleon had assembled 
" the first, second, third, fourth, and sixth corps of his army, close to 
" the frontier between the rivers Sambre and Maese On the ISth, 
"at daybreak, he attacked the Prussian posts at Thvinand Lobei, on 
"the Sambre. His attacks were successful; and Genera! Zieihen, 
" whose corps had been at Charleroi, retired to Fleurus. Upon this 
" Blucher concentrated his forces upon Sombief, occupying also the 
" villages of St. Arnaud and Ligny in front of his position. 

" On the evening of this day the enemy, advancing from Charleroi 
"along the high road to Brussels, drove a brigade of Net her landers, 
" under the Prince of Wiemar, from Frasne, and compelled it to 
" retire to Quatre Bras. The Prince of Orange immediately sent to 
" its aid another brigade of the same division; and early in the morning 
" of the 16th some of the lost ground was recovered, so as to secure 
" the command of the communications with the Prussian position. 

" The 33nd Regiment and 5th division was followed by the Duke 
"of Brunswick's corps, and these again by ihe contingent of Nassau. 
"The whole force in the field, after the arrival of the last- mentioned 
" troops, did not exceed nineteen thousand men ; we were without 
"artillery;* not a single British dragoon appeared, and the Duke of 
" Brunswick's cavalry, though very fine men, were badly mounted. 
"Our position was of no strength; and all that, under Providence, 
"we had to depend upon in the endeavour to maintain it against a 
" very superior force, well provided with cavalry and artillery, was the 
" skill and presence of mind of our generals, and the courage and 
" discipline of the troops, and the God of Battles ordained that none 
" of these should fail us. 



• This no doubt means that there were no arlillery up at the commencemem 
of the engagement. There were in all Ave brigades nf artillery at Quatre Bras, of 
which Major Lloyd's and Major Rogers' were warmly engaged. Two guns 
belonging in the former were lost, but were afterwitrdi recovered, ftdi Duncsn, 
vol. ii., p. 422. 



4 



I 



112 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



" The ground we occupied for the most part swelled into gentle 
" slopes, and extended from the Namur road on the left lo a thick 
" wood on Ihe right, called the Bois de Bossu. The Charleroi road 
"ran through the position, and in front there were some fields of 
"amaisingly tall rye. 

" When we came up the firing had almost ceased, but it soon 
" increased again ; and shortly after we were holly engaged with the 
*' second corps of the French army, led by Marshal Ney. 

" A heavy column advanced against the fifth division, the officers 
"marching in front, flourishing their swords and encouraging their 
"men; but they were quickly driven back, and forced through the 
"hedge at the bottom of the slope on which we had been drawn 
"up. They had lo cross a long narrow field and a second hedge 
" before they could get under cover from our fire, and an admirable 
"opportunity of taking a number of prisoners was lost here, while 
"they were making their way through a small opening. Indeed, 
" numbers of ihem had ordered their arms in the expeclalion of being 
" pursued and taken, but they escaped with inconsiderable loss, as 
"ourtroops were balled at the first hedge. The French, when they 
"had all passed to the other side of the fence, lined it, instead of 
"retiring, and commenced from behind it a most destructive fire o 
"our division, which was so much exposed on the side of the hill 
" m consequence, the regiments were ordered to fall back, and lie 
"down on the reverse slope. The 32nd, while retiring thither, 
" suffered severely from the fire of the troops that lined the fence. 
"Such attacks were continued with litde intermission, but we main- 
"tainedour ground, invariably repulsing ali the enemy's efforts to 



* Kempi'a BriE»de, in consequence of the Ereaicr proiimiiy of iis originrf I 
posilion lo ihat of the enemy, was Ihe lirsl lu overlhrow ihe French infantiy. 
The 79lh. on Ihe lefl of the line, mndc n gallanl chnrge down ihc hill, da-shed 
through the lint fence, and pursued Iheir opponents, who had advanced in two 
liallalion .columns, not only across the valley, but through the second fence j 
and, carried on by their ardour, even ventured lo ascend the enemy's position. 
By this lime, however, their ranks were much broken : they were speedily 
recalled, and as ihey rclraccd their steps across Ihe valley Ihey derived con- 
siderable support from the adjoining battaJion in ihe line, the 32Dd Kt^ment 



32nd regiment. 113 

** As we had no British cavalry up, owing to the shortness of the 
" notice that the Duke of Wellington had received when Napoleon 
" advanced, and as the Brunswick dragoons were unable to make 
" head alone against those of the enemy, it, of course, became 
" necessary to throw two regiments on the left into square to resist 
" the charges of the French lancers and cuirassiers, and to re-form 
" line to meet the attacks of the infantry. When the hostile cavalry 
" were seen moving up to Quatre Bras, the 32nd formed a square 
" on the Namur road, as did the 28th, who were on our right and 
" a little in advance ; and the 42nd, who were still more on our 
" right, were forming square when they were suddenly charged by 
" lancers, whose approach was concealed by a fence and some tall 
" rye, before they could complete their formation. Two companies 
" were nearly cut to pieces. Colonel Macara was killed, and Colonel 
** Dicks, who succeeded him in the command, was badly wounded. 
" About the same time the enemy's cuirassiers galloped up the high 
" road to Brussels ; the Brunswick hussars attempted to check their 
" advance, but were overwhelmed by superior numbers and weight 
'* of men and horses, and retired in confusion, pursued by the enemy, 
" toward Quatre Bras. The cuirassiers had gained the cre^t of the 
*' slope, on which the house stands, when the 92nd, who had been 
" placed there in reserve behind a ditch, rose, and threw in a volley, 
" so sudden, so well-directed, and so deadly in its effect, that the 
" cavalry wheeled round and fled with precipitation, leaving many of 
" their number, killed or wounded, on the spot ; and, as they returned, 
" suff*ering from the fire of one or two British regiments that they had 
" passed in the charge, the 28th distinguished themselves highly by 
*' the intrepid and successful manner in which they resisted repeated 
" charges of cavalry. 

" Daring the action the Duke of Wellington was reinforced by the 
'* 3rd division, under General Alter, and the Guards, under General 
" Cook. The 69th Regiment had hardly taken up its ground, when 



(commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Maitland), which was keeping up from the 
first hedge a vigorous fire against the French, who now lined the second 
fence. — Siborne, vol. i., p. 113. 

I 



114 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



" the French cavalry got in among them, and caused considerable 
" loss in killed and wounded, but made no piisoners. 

" The Belgians held the wood for some time, but al length gave 
"way, and the French were in possession of it when the Ouards 
"arrived. General Maitland's brigade was immediately directed to 
"dislodge them. The possession of the wood was of much conse- 
"quence to the French, as they could debouch from it on the 
" Brussels road, part of which it skirted, and if ihey had a chance 
" of beating our troops anywhere, it ought to have been when General 
" Mailfand endeavoured to recover the wood. The Guards, on their 
" advance, were exposed to a deadly fire from an enemy that was hid 
" behind trees, bushes, and banks, and knew well how to take advan- 
"tage of such means of defence ; still they dashed on boldly, and 
"finally remained undisputed masters of this important point, after 
" three hours' hard fighting. 

" Marsha! Ney, alarmed by the failure of all his efforts to overcome 
" the obstinacy of our iroops, sent off in haste for the first corps, 
"and found that Napoleon had employed it to support the aliack on 
"the Prussians at Sombref. He had then only to bring the reserve 
"of the second corps into action, which he did with continued ill 
"success. The first corps, having been despatched to Frasne by 
" Napoleon, arrived too laic to be of any use to Ney. 

"The firing ceased as the evening closed, and at that time the 
" British occupied a more advanced position than that which they 
"had taken up in the morning. We slept on the ground that night, 
" In ihe course of it the cavalry came up from Niouve. 

" The loss of the Allies in killed, wounded, and prisoners was esti- 
" mated at four thousand, A captain of my regiment (32ndl, towards 
" the close of ihe day, was remarking what a number of escapes he 
"had had, and shewing how his clothes had been shot through in 
"several places, when a musket ball entered his mouth, and killed 
" him on the spot, Two more of our captains died of their wounds 
"the next morning. It was thought rather singular that the only 
" officers of my regiment who lost their lives at Quatre Bra's— viz, : 
"Jacques Boyse, Thomas C:issan, and Edward Whitiy— should 
"have been three captains successive in seniority, a leash of 



33nd regiment. 



116 



" Irishmen, and the greatest of friends, generally messing together." 
The losses the 32nd Regiment sustained on the 15th June were 

very severe in killed and wounded. Captain Edward Whitty and 

twenty rank and file, viz., Corporal John Somniers, John Annear, 

Thomas Caullicid, Thomas Chappell, Charles Cootes, Patrick Delaney, 

Phillip Darnven, Joseph Higgins, William Jenkins, William Lobb, 

James Lewis, John McCool, 

Hugh McGuire, Luke Mc- 

Kieman, Thomas Moore, 

Thomas Polters. Patrick 

Quigley, John Rafter, W. 

Shackleton, and John Sim 

monds, Killed ; and Captains 

Thomas Cassan, Jacquc:- 

Boyse, John Crowe, and 

Charles Wallelt ; Lieuten- 
ants H. W. Brooks, George 

Barr, M. W. Meighan, S. H. 

I^^wrence, J. Boaz, James 

Robinson, James Fitzgerald, 

EdwardSlephensandHenry 

Quill ; Ensigns Alexander 

Stewart and Charles Dallas ; 

with six sergeants, one drumni 

and file, wounded. Of the foun 

Jacques Boyse died of their noi 

day.* 

Extract of a letter from an officer of the 32nd Regiment, dated 

Antwerp, June 35th, 1815: 
"On the 15th an account of the French having attacked the Prussians 

" was brought lo Lord Wellington. It was kept a profound secret from 

" the troops till night, when, just as 1 was stepping into bed, I heard the 




capiair 



wo hundred ind eif,hteen rank 
i wounded T horais Cissanand 
md were inttrrtd ihe following 



* The i-cry inlcresting loU of Wntctloo officers and r 
isindeljied lo Mr. W. C. Mutphy—wliose grandfather wi 
regiment— will be found in the Appendix. 



n, for which the Author 
a colour-sergeant ir 



11< HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" bugle soonding in every quarter of the town (Brassels). I put on my 
" clothes and found it was an order for the army lo adianee. We marched 
" about 2 o'clock, and at 3 in the day ne came up with the enemy. There 
" ivas only the 6th division, a brigade of Brunswick cavalry and some 
" Belgic and Hanoverian troops, opposed to Buonaparte with 70,000 men. 
" As the British troops were first up, the left brigade of the 5ih division, 
" under Sir James Kempt, was sent out ; our regiment now in the centre, 
"supported on either side by the Royals and 7%h. Buonaparte took up 
" his position on a large plain, rather rising ground, in front of a wood ; 
" we took up ours about 500 yards in front ol him, in 3 large field of com ; 
"between us was a little valley or hollow, through which ran a deep ditch. 
" A little before four the action commenced, on the side of the French. 
" We lay down in the cornfield till they came within forty yards of us, 
" when a shout from our right caused us to rise. We fired a \oIley and 
" charged ibem down to the ditch, in getting over which they lost 
" numbers. When we got down the bugle sounded for us to return and 
" form in line upon the colours, which we did, and were pursued by them 
" again ; we chatted them a second time, and actually the ground was 
"covered with dead and'wounded bodies. As our company was next on 
"the left of the colours, we wei-e in the very thick of the fire all the time 
"that the enemy were manoiuvring, exchanging, and retreating — the 
" heavy.'guns from either side continually playing. In the second charge, 
"a shell burst right on the colours, look away the silk of the regimental 
" colour and the whole of the right section of the fifth company, amongst 

"whom was my lamented friend, Captain W * ; his head was literally 

" blown to atoms. Mc 1, who held the colour that suffered, was only 

"slightly wounded. This was not a moment for grief oi much reflection, 
"as the commandjof the company devolved on me. We fought from 4 
"o'clock until half past 0, when we were relieved by the right brigade, 
" consisting of the 28lh, 42nd, and 92nd. We retired to the road in the 
" rear, and our regiment, which mustered 600 men going into the field, 
c away with only IflO ; we had between 50 and 60 killed, and the 
" remainder wounded, also I officer killed and 17 wounded. At !> o'clock 
e again called up to assist the 28th in taking a village on the edge 
" of the wood. Wc were advancing in open column of division (as out of 
" the ten companies we had in the morning we could only then count (bur 
" divisions), when 1 was hit by a musket ball in the cap of the knee j in 




32nd regiment. 117 

" falling to the ground I had a very narrow escape that I did not lose my 
" eye, as a poor fellow who was standing by me received a mortal wound, 
" and in falling back— we both fell together— the point of his bayonet 
" stuck under my right eye ; it was very bad for some days, but from the 
" quantity of blood that 1 lost, and the blood which was taken from above 
" the eye, 1 began to feel better, but 1 fear that it will injure my sight very 
" much. After being hit, I was brought off the field, and taken to the 
" hospital ; the next morning 1 was brought into Brussels, when my leg 
"was so swelled for want of proper dressing that they could not tell 
" whether the ball was in or not, although they probed it several times. I 
" was just settled in bed after taking 30 drops of laudanum, when a report 
" was spread of our army having been beaten, and were retreating fast, and 
" we expected the French would be in Brussels the next day. 

" I was so stupid from laudanum I knew not what I was doing, till next 
" morning I found myself, with my servant and some wounded men, in a 
"boat, proceeding for this place. The great road from Brussels to 
" Antwerp is by the canal, and never did I witness so much confusion as 
" was to be seen among the people on that day — the road covered with 
" carriages, principally English, and the baggage of the army. You will 
" see by the papers that on Saturday evening, when Lord Wellington 
" despaired of victory, he tried to bring the French out of the wood, as the 
" British Cavalry were then coming up ; to effect this the better, he 
" retreated to a wood in his rear, but finding that did not succeed, he 
" advanced again, and threw some Congreve Rockets into Buonaparte's 
" wood, which soon set fire to it, upon which they were obliged to quit. 

" On the next day (Sunday) they had another dreadful battle, and at 6 
"o'clock in the evening Wellington was in doubt, when the Prussian 
" General (Bluchcr) appeared, with an immense force, and enabled Lord 
" Wellington to decide the fate of the day. 

" I am going back to Brussels to-morrow, the Count de Cambray (son of 
" the lady with whom I was billeted before the battle) has come down, and 
" brought his carriage for me. Nothing can equal the attention of the 
" people ; ladies of the first distinction attend the hospitals, and assist in 
" giving comfort to the wounded. Wellington had several * hair-breadth 
" * 'scapes ' ; he exposed himself too much ; I saw him different times on 
" foot, along the lines, dressed in his Field-Marshall's uniform. The young 
" Prince of Orange was taken by the French, and retaken by the National 
" Guard of Brussels, chiefly composed of young men of rank and fortune, 
" who formed themselves into his guard ; when they had retaken him, he 
"tore the Star from his breast, and said, * My Brave Belgians, take it, you 



118 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" have won it fairly.' He is adored by the people. I have just heard 
" that Captains B and C * are dead of their wounds." 

During the time the action had been going on at Quatre Bras the 
Prussians had been hotly engaged and worsted. Napoleon detaching 
the 3rd corps, under Grouchy, to follow them on their supposed line 
of retreat, towards Liege and Namur. The gallant old Blucher had, 
by a masterly stroke, ignored his own line of retreat, and fell back on 
the British line, which enabled him to unite his forces. Wellington, 
who was expecting assistance from the Prussians enabling him to hold 
the position at Quatre Bras, on hearing of their defeat, fell back 
leisurably towards Waterloo at 10 a.m. on 17th June. 

" We were followed by a large body of cavalry, and not until they 
'* had been dispersed by a gallant charge of the 1st Life Guards did 
" they desist from annoying us. All that we suffered from was the 
" weather, as the rain fell in torrents ; we halted near Genappe and 
** Waterloo, it being the Duke's intention to make a stand about half 
** a league in front of the latter place. Each regiment took up its 
" ground without the least confusion ; and the fifth division, with 32nd, 
" passed rather an uncomfortable night lying among high grass and 
" corn, in thunder, lightning, and in rain. 

" As morning dawned, on Sunday, 18th June, the men procured 
" some wood and made large fires ; biscuits and spirits were served 
" out, and our clothes were nearly dry, when the enemy appeared on 
" the heights opposite to us, standing to their arms. Our men 
** immediately be^an to rub and dry their firelocks, put in new flints, 
** and make all necessary preparations for the day's work.'* 

Battle of Waterloo. 

Wellington's army, mustering about sixty-eight thousand of mixed 
nationalities, with only twenty-three thousand British, was drawn up 
in position and occupied about one and a half miles. The right, 
under Ix>rd Hill, was thrown back on a deep ravine toward Merke 



• Captain Jacques Boyse died of wounds on the 17th June, and Captain Cassan 
on the 16th. — Extract from Casualty Return. 



32nd regiment. 119 

m 

Braine ; and the village of Braine la Lende, beyond this hamlet, was 
also occupied. 

The centre was composed of the corps of the Prince of Orange. 
In front of the right centre, and near the Nivelles road, was the 
chateau of Hougoument, which was surrounded by a grove of tall 
trees, an orchard, and walled gardens ; this post, which was at the 
angle where the right wing was thrown back en potence^ was of the 
greatest importance, and held by three companies of the Guards, the 
remainder of General Cooke's division being drawn up on the slope 
behind it. 

The left wing consisted of the 5th division and 32nd Regiment, 
commanded by Sir Thomas Picton. Its right was on the main road 
from Charleroi to Brussels, and its left on a height above the hamlet 
of Ser-la-Haye, where the ground became woody and broken. On 
the right side of the road, and at the bottom of the hill, stood the 
farmhouse of La Haye Sainie ; the ground from above this farm, 
nearly to the extreme right of the position, sloped gently down, and 
was quite clear of all impediments. A long lane, with a quickset 
hedge on either side, ran by the entire front of the left wing, and here 
also the ground lay in an easy slope. 

" Our front formed an irregular curve, convex towards the enemy. 
" The extensive wood of Soignies was in our rear, and would have 
'* been of great importance to us, had we failed to maintain our 
" position at Waterloo." 

A few minutes past eleven in the morning of the 18th the enemy 
sent forward a swarm of Tirailleurs to the attack of Hougoument ; 
they spread over all the ground in front of the house and its planta- 
tions, and advanced firing without any seeming system, but were 
unable to dislodge its brave defenders, chiefly guardsmen, who resisted 
all attempts to capture it ; and, though the building itself was set on 
fire by the French shells, and the surrounding orchards and enclo- 
sures carried at first by the vehemence of their onset, the assailants 
were soon driven out again, and the post was successfully held up to 
the close of the day. 

While this attack was gomg on a heavy cannonade was kept up by 
the enemy upon the whole line, to cover the advance of cavalry and 



120 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



infantry* The 5th division and 32nd Regiment 
columns of regiments, and a body of Belgians, with some of their 
field pieces, occupied part of the lane, while the 95th and light 
companies were extended more in advance, with their right on a 
sand-pit that lay opposite the gale of La Haye Sainte. The French, 
who had brought several batteries of artillery into position down the 
slopes of the hills fronting the left wing, now commenced to open a 
falling fire on ihera, and under cover of this the enemy made a general 
advance, driving in the light troops and pressing their cavalry against 
the British infantry ; tlie 32nd Regiment here formed square, and 
resisted the onset with the utmost intrepidity. 

The enemy had advanced its artillery on the right side of the 
Brussels road to witlnn one hundred and tivenly paces of the crest of 
the hill, and every discharge made sad gaps in the infantry squares. 

After making the most desperate efforts in other parts of the field, 
and especially at Hoitgoumenl, the enemy turned their attention 
principally to the left and left centre, A strong body of French 
infantry advanced against the left wing, and pressed on to the lane. 
Sir Thomas Picion instantly placed himself at the head of his 
division to meet the attack, crossed the lane, and charged the French, 
who — firing a volley--retired. " The attack cost us a gallant leader. 
" Sir Thomas Picton received a ball through his right temple and fell 
" dead from his horse. His body was borne off the ground by two 
"grenadiers of the 32nd regiment, and not — as painters incorrectly 
" have it in their representations of this sad scene— by Highlanders.f 
" During the charge a French officer seized a stand of colours 
" belonging to the 32nd Regiment ; but he was instantly run through 
" the body by a sergeant's pike (iSergeant Switzer), as weil as by the 
" sword of Ensign John Birtwhistle, who carried the regimental colour 
" until severely wounded." 

" After the attack was repulsed, two French women were found 
" dead on the field — one with a bullet wound through her head. Our 



* Nearly all the fegimcnis in Kcmpt's and Pack's lirigailes had lost half thor i 
liiml>ers in Ihc lialtlc al the 16lh— " Lcs Qualre Bens,"— Sibornr. vol. ii., p. 7. 
f Ho6s-Lcwin, viil. ii.; Siborne. vol. ii., (>. 11 



32nd regiment. 121 

" troops pursued the retiring column down the slope, and would have 
" closed with them had they not rallied and opened fire. Ponsonby's 
" cavalry brigade, however, appeared just in time, and swooped down 
** upon them, capturing two thousand prisoners and two eagles. The 
" prisoners were immediately sent off to Brussels, and it was their 
"arrival which convinced the timid that the British were not 
"getting the worst of it, as had been reported by the runaway 
" Belgians. 

" After the repulse of our assailants we resumed our former 
"position, and Sir James Kempt* took the command of the 
" division. 

" About this time (6 p.m.) the captain who commanded at La Haye 
" Sainte ran across the road to the 32nd, and requested that we would 
" direct him where to procure ammunition, as his was nearly all 
" expended, and he feared that he should not be able to defend his 
" post much longer. He was, however, unsuccessful, and the French 
" were enobled to carry the position. A dangerous gap was thus made 
" in the British centre, and the result undoubtedly might have been 
"serious if the attack had been at once promptly supported." 

After the enemy's success at La Haye Sainte their fire from it was 
very annoying, and the 32nd Regiment suffered a good deal. At length 
the 28th Regiment, which had not been previously engaged, was led 
up by General Lambert and occupied the ground on which the 32nd 
Regiment had hitherto stood. The 32nd retired a few yards, 
formed square, and lay down ; but even in this position some 
of the officers were wounded and many lives lost. Wellington, who 
at once perceived the danger, immediately sent up two of Lord HilFs 
brigades, and after an hour's time all danger was over. Napoleon 
now tried to make a general advance, as the Prussian columns had 
been already observed making their way on the VVavre road, and on 
the right flank of them, and must have seen now that a complete 
victory was no longer within his grasp, and that all he could hope for 
was such a success as might enable him to avert the calamity of a 
total defeat. With this object he placed himself at the head of his 



* Kempt's brigade consisted of the 28th, 32nd, and 79th Regiments. 



122 m5TORlCAL RECORDS OF THE 

array and directed the attack, supported by cavalry and artillery, 
against the centre of the Urilish army ; hut he himself did not 
proceed beyond a pit at the foot of the slope, where he look his 
station, sheltered from ihe fire by a small mound. The enemy 
advanced with great gallantry, and were held in check by the 52nd, 
7th. and 2nd battalion 95th Regiments, together with Sir Colin 
Halkett'9 brigade. The French now attempted to deploy, but tell 
into inextricable confusion, which ended in their retiring precipitately 
in broken masses, followed by the British infantry and cavalry. 

During this part of the day, Sir James Kempt was on Ihe right of 
Ihe division, watching with perfect coolness the progress of the attack, 
and soon, taking olf his hat, he cheered the troops on towards the 
enemy. 

"The British commander, now seeing that Bulow was again 
" engaged on the enemy's right flank, and that Ziethen's corps was 
"issuing from the woods on the left, ordered his whole line to 
" advance. This inspiriting order was received with a general shout, 
" and the movement was made with all the alacrity of which troops 
" so long and so harassingly engaged were capable. The Duke then 
"crossed the main road, with his glass in his hand, and galiojied 
" down the slope in front of our left, to ihe spot where the remnant of 
"the 28th Regiment had halted. This handful of brave men gave 
" him three hearty cheers, and I am confident that there was not a 
"man in the army who did not feel elated at the sight of their 
'■ victorious chief, safe and unhurt after this perilous and bloody 
" day." The French army, after their last reserves had been repulsed, 
abandoned all their ground, and a total rout ensued. Wellington 
found the English too exhausted to take part in it, but the Prussians 
took it up with such indefatigable energy that by daylight next 
morning (19th June), some of iheir cavalry had reached Gosselies, 
twenty miles from the scene of the fight. The 5th division remained 
on (he ground where the battle had been fought during the night, 
" When the excitement of the fight was over, our people felt much 
" oppressed by fatigue and want of refreshment ; still, we contrived 
" to make large fires, and to sleep soundly for the remainder of the 
" night round the hoi embers. 



J 



32nd regiment. 123 

''The 32nd was reduced to one hundred and thirty, and my 
•* company to eleven men."* 

The regiment had not a single absentee. The following interesting 
statistics are taken from the United Sennce Magazine^ March, 1880 : — 

*• Of eighty corporals who went into action, eight reckoned fourteen 
" years' service or over ; eighteen had from seven to fourteen years' 
" service ; and fifteen were under seven years' service. The oldest 
"corporal, Davey, had enlisted originally in the Devon and Corn- 
"wall Fencible Infantry in 1799. Of five hundred and sixty-eight 
" privates who went into action (for Roll of Names see Appendix) 
** eighty-one had fourteen years' service or over ; one hundred and 
** eighty had from seven to fourteen years' service, and the rest — one 
" boy included — had under seven years' service. The old soldiers, 
"/.^., the corporals and privates of fourteen years' service and over, 
** therefore constituted about fifteen per cent, of the strength. Of 
" these two had enlisted in 1793, one in the 4th Dragoons and one 
" as a boy in the 32nd ; one had originally enlisted in the Devon 
" Fencible Infantry in the West Indies ; thirty-three more enlisted on 
" its return home in 1799. The young soldiers, i.^., the men with 
*Mess than seven years' service, formed about fifty-two per cent., 
**and most of them had only two or three years' service, being 
** transfers from the disbanded 2nd battalion." 

The following account, which was written by a young officer to his 
friend a few days after the battle, is full of interest : 

" Camp of Clichy. 

" All the sharers of my tent having gone to Paris, and my servant 
" having manufactured a window-shutter into a table, and a pack-saddle 
" into a seat, I will no longer delay answering your two affectionate letters, 
" and endeavour to comply with your demand of an account of the battle, 
" such as it offered to my own eyes. 

" On the 15th of June, everything appeared so perfectly quiet, that the 
" Duchess of Richmond gave a ball and supper, to which all the world 
" was invited, and it was not till ten o'clock at night that rumours of an 

^ Captain Ross-Lcwin. 



134 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



"action having taken place between Ihe Frencb and Prussians 
" circulated through the room in whispers ; no credit was given lo them. 
" however, for some lime ; but when the general officers, whose corps 
" were in advance, began to move, and when orders were given (or persons 
''to repair to their regiments, matters then began to be coiuideied in a 
" ditferenl light At eleven o'clock the drums beat to arms, and the oth 
'■ division, which garrisoned Brussels, after having bivouacked in the I'ark 
" until daylight, set forward towards the frontiers. On the road we met 
" baggage and sick coming to the rear, but could only learn that the 
" French and Prussians had been lighting the day before, and that another 
"battle was expected when ihey left the advanced posts. At two o'clock 
" we arrived at Genappe, from whence we beard firing very distinctly, 
" Half-an-hour afterwards we sa* ihc French columns advancing, and we 
" had scarcely taken our position when they attacked us. Our front con- 
" sisied of Ihe 3rd and 5ih divisions, with some Nassau people, and a 
"brigade of cavalry, in all about thirteen thousand men ; while the 
" French forces, according to Ne/s account, must have been immense, as 
" his reserve alone consisted of thirty thousand, which, however, be says, 
'■ Buonaparte disposed of without having, advertised him. The business 
" was begun by the 1st battalion of ibe 96ih, which was seoi to diive the 
" enemy out of some cornfields and a ih-ck wood, of which they had 
" possession. After sustaining some loss wc succeeded completely, and 
" three companies of Brunswickers were left to keep it, while we acted on 
" another piart of the line. They, however, were driven out immediately, 
" and the French also got possession of a village which turned our flanks. 
" We were then obliged to return, and it took us the whole day to retake 
'■ what had been lost. While we were employed here, the remainder of 
" the army were in a much more disagreeable situation, for, in conse([uence 
" of our inferiority of cavalry, each regiment was obliged to form a square, 
" in which manner the most desperate aiLicks of infantry and chaises of 
" cavalry were resisted and repelled ; and when nighl put an end to the 
" slaughter, the French not only gave up every attempt on our position, 
" but retired from ihcir own, on which we bivouacked. I will not attempt 
" to describe the sort of night wc passed — I will leave you to conceive iL 
" The groans of the wounded and dying, to whom no relief could be 
" atforded, must not be spoken of here, because on the 18ih it was fifty 
" thousand times worse. But a handful of men lying in the face of such 
" superior numlwrs, and being obliged to sleep in squares for fear of 
" the enemy's dragoons— knowing that we were weak in that arm — might 
" make a dash into the camp, was no very pleasant reverie to soothe one 



M 



32nd regiment. 125 

" to rest. Exclusive of this, I was annoyed by a wound I had received in 
** the thigh, and which was becoming excessively painful. I had nogreat- 
" coat, and small rain continued falling until late the next day, when it 
" was succeeded by torrents. Boney, however, was determined not to give 
" us much respite, for he attacked our picquets at two in the morning. 
" Some companies of the 95th were sent to their support, and we con- 
"tinued skirmishing until eleven o'clock, when the Duke commenced 
" his retreat, which was covered by Lord Uxbridge. The Blues and Life 
" Guards behaved extremely well. 

** The whole of the 17th — and, indeed, until late the next morning — the 
" weather continued dreadful ; and we were starving with hunger, no 
"provisions having been served out since the march from Brussels. 
" While five officers, who composed our mess, were looking at each other 
" with the most deplorable faces imaginable, one of the men brought us 
" a fowl he had plundered, and a handful of biscuits, which, though but 
" little, added to some tea we boiled in a camp kettle, made us rather more 
" comfortable ; and we huddled up together, covered ourselves with 
" straw, and were soon as soundly asleep as though reposing on beds of 
" down. I awoke long before daylight, and found myself in a very bad 
" state altogether, being completely wet through in addition to all other 
" ills. Fortunately I soon after this found my way to a shed, of which 
" Sir Andrew Barnard (our commandant) had taken possession, where 
" there was a fire, and in which, with three or four others, I remained till 
" the rain abated. About ten o'clock the sun made his appearance to view 
" the mighty struggle which was to determine the fate of Europe, and 
" about an hour afterwards the French made their dispositions for the 
" attack, which commenced on the right. The Duke's despatch will give 
" you a more accurate idea of the ground, and of the grand scale of 
" operations, than I can do ; and I shall therefore confine myself to details 
" of less importance which he has passed over. 

" After having tried the right, and found it strong, Buonaparte man- 
" oeuvred until he got forty pieces of artillery to play on the left, where 
" the 5th division, a brigade of heavy dragoons, and two companies of 
"artillery were posted. Our lines were formed behind a hedge, with two 
" companies of the 95th extended in front, to annoy the enemy's approach. 
" For some time wc saw that Buonaparte intended to attack us ; yet, as 
" nothing but cavalry were visible, no one could imagine what were his 
"plans. It was generally supposed that he would endeavour to turn our 
" flank. But, all on a sudden, his cavalr>' turned to the right and left, 
" and showed large masses of infantry, who advanced up in the most 



126 



" gallant style, to the cries of ' Vive VEutpermr ! ' while a most tremeo- 
" dous cannonade was opened to cover their approach. They had arrived 
"at the very hedge behind which ae were, the mnskets were almost 
"muzzle to muate, and a French mounted officer had seized the colors of 
" ihe 32nd Regiment, when poor Pieton ordered the charge of our brigade, 
" commanded by Sir James Kempt. When the French saw us rushing 
" through the hedge, and heard the tremendous huzza which we gave, 
"they turned ; but, instead of running, they walked off in close colunins 
" with the greatest steadiness, and allowed thcmseh-es lo be butchered 
" without any material resistance. Ac this moment, part of Genera! 
" Ponsonby's brigade of heavy cavalry took them in flank, and, besides 
"killed and wounded, nearly two thousand were made prisoners. Now 
" Buonaparte again changed his plan of attack. He sent a great force 
"both on the right and left ; but his chief aim was the centre, through 
" which lay the road to Brussels, and to gain this he appeared determined. 
" What we had hilheno seen was mere ' boys' play ' in comparison with 
"the 'lug of war' which took place from this time (three o'clock) until 
" the day was decided. All our army was formed in solid squares. The 
*' French cuirassiers advanced to the mouth of our cannon ; rushed on 
" our bayonets ; sometimes walked their horses on all sides of a square to 
" look for an opening through which they might penetrate ; or dashed 
" madly on, thinking to carry everything by desperation. But not a British 
" soldier moved ; all personal feeling was forgotten in the enthusiasm of 
" such a momenL Each person seemed to think the day depended on his 
"individual exertions,* and both sides vied with each other in acts of 
" gallantry. Buonaparte charged with his Imperial Guards. The Duke 
" of Wellington led on a brigade consisting of the 52nd and 95th Regi- 
"menis. Lord Uxhridge was with every squ.idron of cavalry which was 
" ordered forward. Poor Pieton was killed at the head of our dii-ision 
" while advancing. But, in short, look through the list engaged on that 
" day, and it would be difficult to point out one who had not distinguished 
"himself as much as another. Until eight o'clock the contest raged 
" without intermission, and a feather seemed only wanting in either scale 
" lo turn the balance. At this hour our situation on the left centre was 
" desperate. The 5th division, having borne the brunt of the battle, was 
" reduced from six thousand to eighteen hundred. The lith division — at 
" least the British part of it, consisting of four regiments— formed in our 
" rear as a reseri'C was almost destroyed, without having fired a shot, by 
" the terrible play of artillery and the fire of the light troops. The 27th 
" had four hundred men and every officer but one subaltern knocked 



32nd regiment. 127 

" down in square, without moving an inch or discharging one musket, 
" and at that time I mention both divisions could not oppose a sufficient 
" front to the enemy, who was rapidly advancing with crowds of fresh 
" troops. We had not a single company for support, and the men were so 
" completely worn out that it required the greatest exertion on the part of 
" the officers to keep up their spirits. Not a soldier thought of giving 
" ground ; but victory seemed hopeless, and they gave themselves up to 
* * death with perfect indifference. A last effort was our only chance. The 
" remains of the regiments were formed as well as the circumstances 
" allowed, and when the French came within about forty paces, we set up 
"a death-howl and rushed at them. They fled immediately, not in a 
" regular manner as before, but in the greatest confusion. 

" Their animal spirits were exhausted, the panic spread, and in five 
" minutes the army was in complete disorder. At this critical moment firing 
" was heard on our left. The Prussians were now coming down on the right 
" flank of the French, which increased their flight to such a degree that no 
" mob was ever a greater scene of confusion ; the road was blocked up by 
" artillery ; the dragoons rode over the infantry ; arms, knapsacks, ever>'- 
" thing, was thrown away ; and sauve qui peur seemed indeed to be the 
"universal feeling. At eleven o'clock, when we halted, and gave the 
" pursuit to BluchePs fresh troops, one hundred and fifty pieces of cannon 
" and numbers of prisoners had fallen into our hands. I will not attempt 
** to describe the scene of slaughter which the fields presented, or what 
" any person possessed of the least spark of humanity must have felt, 
" while we viewed the dreadful situation of some thousands of wounded 
" who remained, without assistance, through a bitter cold night, succeeded 
" by a day of scorching heat ; English and French were dying by the side 
" of each other ; and I have no doubt, hundreds who were not discovered 
"when the dead were buried, and who were unable to crawl to any 
" habitation, must have perished by famine. For my own part, when we 
" halted for the night, 1 sank down almost insensible from fatigue ; my 
" spirits and strength were completely exhausted. 1 was so weak, and 
"the wound in my thigh so painful, from want of attention and in 
"consequence of severe exercise, that after 1 got to Nivelles, and 
" secured quarters, I did not awake regularly for 36 hours." 

The loss of the regiment on this day was very severe, viz., twenty- 
eight rank and file killed ; Captain Harrison, Lieutenants Colthurst, 
Horan, and Jago, Ensigns McCouchy, Birtwhistle, Bennett, and 
Lieutenant and Adjutant Davis, twenty sergeants, one drummer, and 



138 HISTORICAL RF.C0BD5 OF THE 

three hundred and sixty-six rank and file wounded. Several of the 
latter died of their wounds. Lieu tenant- General Sir Thomas Picton 
fell niorially wounded in the rear of the 33nd Regiment, while giving 
his orders to advance to the first charge, Major-General Kempt 
then took command of the division, and Lieutenant-Colonel Sir 
Charles Benson that of the brigade, which was vacated. 

In consequence of Major-General Sir Manley Power's appointment 
to the command of a British brii^ade, the 32nd Regiment, of which 
he had been lieutenant- colonel, was removed from the 5th lo the 6th 
division, and into his brigade. On this change the following order 
from Major- (Jeneral Sir James Kempt was issued : 

"extract from niVlSION ORDERS." 

"AmeviUe, 6ih July, 1815. 

"The 32nd Regiment will join the flth Division this day according to 
" General Order of 3rd instant. 

" Major-Generai Sir James Kempt feels he cannot part with this Regi- 
" ment without again expressing the verj' high sense he entertains of its 
" very distinguished conduct in the Battles of the 16ih and 18ih June. It 
" was quite impossible for Troops to behave more nobly or better than the 
''32nd Regiment did on these occasions, and he begs Lieulenani-Colonel 
" Hicks, the Officers and men will accept of his best thanks for their 
" distinguished Services while under his Command. 

" (Sd.) Ja.mes Kempt, Major-Cicneral." 



■' War Office, 25lh July, 1815, 
" H.R.H. the Prince Regent has been pleased in the name and on 
"behalf of His Majesty to approve of all the British Reyiments of Cavalry 
"and Infantry which were engaged in the Bailie of Waterloo being 
" permitted to bear on their Colours and Appointments in addition to any 
" other Badges or devices ihal ma>- have heretofore been granted to those 
" Regiments the word " Waterloo " in commemoration of their dislinguish- 
n the 18lh |une ISlfi." 



On the march from Waterloo to Paris, a considerable number of 
men who had been slightly wounded, and others who had been 
employed in conducting the wounded lo the rear, rejoined, so that 



i 



32nd regiment. 129 

on encamping at Neuilly, near Paris, the regiment mustered three 
hundred rank and file. Shortly after their arrival at Neuilly, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Hicks was appointed one of the commandants of 
Paris, and Major Calvert, who was promoted to lieutenant-colonel by 
brevet, took command of the regiment. They remained here until 
28th October, when the camp was broken up and the troops got into 
winter quarters. The 32nd Regiment went into a small village called 
Cariieres, on the banks of the Seine, near Poisoy, which was the 
head-quarters of the brigade ; St. Germains being that of the division. 
On 16th October, 1815, Lieutenant Colonel James Mailland took 
command of the regiment, previous to its leaving Neuilly, and Major 
Calvert went to England on leave of absence. 

" War Office, July 26th, 1816. 
" The Prince Regent has been pleased to approve the regiments under- 
" mentioned, in consideration of their services, wearing the words as under 
" specified against their names. . . 32 nd Foot — 'Salamanca;' 'Nivelle.'" 

"3rd July, Gonesse (bead-quarters from 2nd July, 1815). 
'The Fuziliers, 29th, and 32nd are to be the Ilth Brigade, and in the 
" 6th Division." 

" Paris, 31st August, 
" The undermentioned officers to be Commandants of the several 
" Arrondissements : . . 4th Arrondissement — Lt-Col. Hicks, 32nd Regt." 

" Paris, 30th November, 1815. 

" The British Troops to return to England are to be brigaded as follows 
"for their March: 3rd B., 37lh, 32nd; Staff Corps, under Col. Sir J. 
" McLean ; 27th Regt." 

" Upon breaking up the Army which the Field Marshall has had 
" the honour to command, he begs leave again to return thanks to the 
" General Officers and the Officers and Troops for their uniform good 
" conduct in the late short but memorable campaign ; they have given 
" proofs to the World that they possess in an eminent degree all the 
" good ciualilies of Soldiers, and the Field Marshall is happy to be 
"able to applaud their regular good conduct in their Camps and 
" Cantonments, not less than when engaged with the Enemy in the 
" Field. 



130 



HISTORICAL record; 



" Whalever may be the future destination of those brave troops of 
"which the P'leld Marshall now takes his leave, he trusts that every 
" individual will believe that he will ever feet the deepest interest in 
"their honour and welfare, and will alwa)-s be happy to promote 
" cither." 



of place lo append the following, which will be 



It may not be ot 
read with interest : — 

\Vhen the celebrated model of the field of Waterloo — now in the 
mtiseum of the United Service Institution — was being constructed. 
Captain Sibome addressed a circular letter to the then surviving 
officers who were present in the campaign of June 1815. Of this 
letter the most important queries were : 

" I. — What was the particular formation of your r^ment at about 
"7 p.m., when the Frencfa Imperial Guards reached the crest of 
" our position ? 

" 2. — Wbai was the formation of that part of the enemy's forces 
" immediatdy to your front i " 

The replies reoenrcd from officers of the S2Dd R^ment are 
extracted from WateriM LtiUn, by Major-Genetal Sibome. 



From Lieuteoant-Cokmel F. Calvert : 

" Hemsdon House, Ware, 

- .April lUih, ie3& 

* I must proceed as well as 1 can in answering year Queries, which I 
" ha^'c numbered in the order tbey afifKar in jvat letter. 

" 1st.— The 32i>d Regimeat was in line on ihe crest of the hill behind Ibe 
" hedge which was at rigbt angles from (he road leading from BrusMls to 
~ Charierat, ne^jr opposite to the Eum-boosc of La Hare Sainte. 

"Snd. — The enemv descended frxtm their position in cohnnns akng the 
'aforesaid lOad, and on each side of it. 

"The 32nd Raiment was in Sir James Kempt's brigade, and in tbe 
" di*isi<Mi of Sir Thomas Picion. It sodTerad sererclf in tbe action of the 
" 16lh at Les Quane Bns, and on tbe morning of Waicrloaj was posted 
** with hs right on ihe road froin Bntsseb to Chaiferoi. extending akmg the 
** bed^ mentiotied in ny reply to ibc fint (tocry. Tbe remaiDder of the 



32nd REKIMENT. 131 

" brigade was to its left, with the exception of the Rifle Corps, which, with 
"a Belgian battalion, covered the front as skirmishers. 

" From about half-past twelve p.m., the brigade had to sustain repeated 
"attacks (in one of which Sir T. Picton was killed) from, 1 believe, the 
" entire First Corps of the French army. At about three o'clock Sir John 
" Lambert's brigade (27th, 4th, and 40th) arrived. The 32nd then fonned 
" in support, still keeping the 'ridge, from which it never was allowed to 

" Shortly afterwards in was formed in square, though not menaced by 
" cavalry, following the example of the rest of the army to the right and 
" left of the road. At about five o'clock the Duke of Wellington rode up 
" and ordered the regiment to deploy. Later in the evening (the 27th 
'having nearly lost all its men) it advanced again towards the hedge until 
" it joined the rest of the army in its final charge. 
" I have, &c., 

"F. Calvert, Lieut.-Col., H.P." 
From the same : 

" United Service Club, March Uth, 1837. 

" The regiment marched from Brussels early on the morning of the 16lh 
"of June, and hailed for a couple of hours near the village of Waterloo. 
" It then resumed its march, and arrived at Quatre Bras about two o'clock. 

" It was moved immediately along the Namur Chauss^e until it came to 
" the point which I have marked on the map, where it formed line, awaiting 
" the approach of the enemy, who were descending in column from the 
" opposite hill. 

" When this attacking force had crossed both hedges lining the meadow 
" in the boiiom, and had commenced ascending our position, the 32nd 
" Regiment poured upon il a heavy fire, succeeded by a charge. This the 
" enemy did not wait to receive, but retired with precipitation, and, getting 
"entangled in the hedges on returning to their position, must have sutfered 
" considerable loss. We halted and re-formed at the first hedge, when 
"Sir Thomas Picton desired the regiment to retire to its original 
" position. 

" The 78th Regiment on our left, carried on by its ardour, went on much 
"further, crossed the meadow, and even ventured to assail the enemy's 
" position. They were, however, soon recalled. 

"Attacks similar to the above were renewed several times during the 
" evening, and always with similar results. After the action was concluded 
"our ground was occupied by some German troops, when we moved to 



L 



132 HISTORICAL 

" our right and look up our ground for the night near the high road between 
" Quatre Bras and Charkroj. 

" On the following day we were the last infantry that left the ground, 
"and retired about eleven o'clock a.m., followed by the cavalry, which had 
" arrived during the night 

" I have, &c., 

" F. Calvert, Colonel Unattached, 

" Late of 3Zad Regknent* 

" From Captain R. T. Belcher, half-pay. Lieutenant, 32nd Regiment. 

" Bandon, February 27th, 1843. 
" Memorandum : 

"The 32nd Regiment formed the right of Sir James Kempt's Brigade, 
"the 96ih, which on the line of march usually formed the right, being 
" detached skirmishing. The Regiment was formed into six divisions in 
"consequence of its reduced numbers, having suffered severely at Quatre 
" Bras, I commanded the left centre division. 

" In the second attack of the French Infantry on the left centre of the 
" line, the Brigade advanced in line to charge. Immediately on passing 
" Ihe narrow road which ran along our front, the Ensign carrying the 
" Regimental Colour was severely wounded {Ensign Birtwhisile). I took 
"the Colour From him until another Ensign could be called. 

" Almost instantly after, ibe Brigade still advancing and the French 
"Infantry getting into disorder and beginning to retreat, a mounted 
"(French) officer had his horse shot under him. When he extricated 
" himself we were close on him. I had the Colour on my left arm and was 
" slightly in advance of the division. 

" He suddenly fronted me, and seized the staff, I slill retaining a grasp 
" of Ihe silk (the Colours were neariy new). 

" At the same moment he aiiempied to draw his sabre, but had not 
"accomplished il when the Covering Colour-Sergeant, named Switzer, 
" thrust his pike into his breast, and (he right rank and file of the division, 
" named Lacy, fired into him. He fell dead at my feet. 

"Brevet-Major Toole, commanding the right centre division at the 
" moment, called out, ' Save the brave fellow ; ' but it was too late, 

" Robert T. Belcher." 

Extract from letter of Lieutenant Colonel Leach, cb., captain and 
brevet major, 95ih Rifles : 



32nd regiment. 133 

"TTie fierce onset of the French, with overwhelming numbers, forced 
" back my two companies on the main body of the 95th Regiment, which 
"... was also instantly assailed in such a manner as to render it 
" impossible for one weak battalion, consisting of only six companies, to 
" stem the torrent for any length of time. We were consequently con- 
" strained to fall back on the 3iJnd Regiment, which was in line near the 
" thorn hedge which runs Irom the Genappe road to the left, and along the 
"front of Picton's division. 

" We were closely pressed and hotly engaged during the retrograde 
" movement, and very soon after reaching the spot where the 32nd was in 
"position, a volley and a charge of bayonets caused ihe French to recoil 
" in disorder and with a heavy loss ; and it was at this moment of fire, 
" smoke, and excitement that the heavy cavalry appeared among us, and 
"instantly charged that infantry which the fire and charge of bayonets 
" from Picton's division had previously shattered and broken." 

1816-17. 

Arrangements having been made for the formation of the army of 
occQpaiion, all the weak regiments were sent to England, and the 
32nd embarked at Calais, landing at Dover, and marched to Sheer- 
ness, where it was quartered. Some time_aftet the regiment marched 
to Colchester, where it hailed for twelve days, and then proceeded to 
Portsmouth and embarked for Guernsey and Alderney, remaining 
there until December 1816, and returned to Portsmouth, being 
quartered in Hilsea barracks until June, 1817. 

Apropos of the returning of the regiments after the Waterloo 
campaign, a very interesting account is given In the Earl of 
Albemarle's Fifty years of my life, his battalion — 3rd battalion 14th 
Regiment — having landed at Dover within a few days of the 32nd 
Regiment : 

" Public feeling had undergone a great revulsion in regard to us 
" soldiers. The country was saturated with glory, and was brooding 
" over the bill that it had to pay for the article. ^Vaterloo, and Waterloo 
" men, were at a discount. We were made painfully sensible of the 
"change. If we had been convicts disembarking from a hulk, we 
" could not have been met with less consideration. ' It's us pays ihey 
" chaps,' was the remark of a country bumpkin, as we came on shore. 



13-i BlSTOklCAL RECORDS OF THE 

" It was a bitter cold day when we landed ; no cheers, like those 
" which greeted the Crimean army, welcomed us home. The only 
" persons who took any notice of us were the custom-house officers, 
"and they kept us under arms for hours, in the cold, while ihey 
" subjected us to a rigid search. These functionaries were unusually 
" on the alert, because a day or two before a brigade of artillery, with 
" guns loaded to the muzzles with French lace, had slipped through 
" their fingers. Our treatment was all of a piece. Towards dark we 
" were ordered to Dover Castle, part of which building served as a 
" prison. Our barracks were strictly in keeping with such a locality, 
"cold, dark, gloomy, and dungeon -I ike. No food was lo be got but 
" our rations, no furniture but what the barrack stores afforded." 

1818-19. 

The regiment continued the whole of the year 1818 in the Citadel 
barracks, and did duty with the lOlh and 2Bth regiments m the 
course of the year. The commanding olficer, Lieutenant-Colonel 
James Maitland, exchanged with Lieutenanl-Colone! the Honble. 
John Maitland, inspecting field officer, Ionian Militia, who joined 
and took command on the 24th July, 18IS. The regiment remamed 
the greater part of the year 1819 in the Citadel barracks at Corfu. 
In the month of February the regiment was reduced to the peace 
establishment. 

In March the grenadier company embarked on board H.M.S. 
Glasgow, Captain the Honble. Anthony Maitland, for the purpose 
of cruising for six weeks off the fortress of Parga, on the coast of 
Albania, to throw this force into that garrison, then occupied by four 
companies of the 75th Regiment, in case of its being attacked by the 
Turks, which at this time was apprehended. Again, in the month of 
October, in this year, two captains, one lieutenant, three ensigns, and 
two hundred privates, with non-commissioned officers in proportion, 
were sent to the island of Santa Maria. Some fifteen hundred well- 
armed peasants made an attack upon the town, which was held by a 
party of the 28th Regiment and some Royal Artillery, under command 
of Colonel, (afterwards Sir Frederick) Slovin. A request for reinforce- 
ments was sent to Corfu, and on the arrival thence of the light 




J 



ND REGIMENT. 



companies of the 28th and 32nd regiments, the insurgents, who had 
got possession of ihe town, were driven out, and took up a position 
in the village of Spakiotes.* This position was subsequently stormed, 
and ihe insurgents dispersed, in which service a few men of the 32nd 
Regiment were wounded. Several of the Greek priests, who had 
acted as ringleaders, were hanged. 

At the end of June, 1817, the regiment was ordered lo embark for 
the Mediterranean, touching at Gibraltar and Malta on its way to 
Corfu. 

It landed there on 30th August and was quartered in the Citadel 
fiarracks, continuing to do duty in that garrison for the remainder of 
the year. 

The Ionian islands, then governed by Sir Thomas Maitland, 
appears to have been by no means the agreeable quarters they 
became in after times. Their sanitary repute was indifferent, the 
political situation critical. AU Pacha still held sway in Janina, and 
the Greek struggle for independence was just commencing. Maitland, 
whom Sir C. Napier pithily described as "a rough old despot, 
" surrounded by sycophants, who worshipped him because he had a 
"little more brains than they," was very high handed in his dealings ; 
the duties of the garrison were very severe, and — unless strangely 
misrepresented — disciphne was occasionally enforced in a fashion 
which travested justice and common sense alike. 

Order having been restored in the island, the detachment rejoined 
the head-quarters at Corfu on 3rd November. 



L 



1820-21. 

The 32nd Regiment remained the greater part of the year 1820 in 
the Citadel barracks at Corfu, doing duty with the 8th and 38lh 
regiments. On 0th and lOih June, Major-General Sir Frederick 
Adam made a minute inspection of the regiment, both in its field 
:nis and interior economy, and expressed himself in a Brigade 
Order as follows : 



' Subsequently destroyed by an earthquake, on which occasion the stnaller 
delacluneQt ibeie stationed escaped through being absent on laligue duty. 



HISTORICAL EECOBDS OP THS 



" CASUSCHI ORDERS. 



" Brigade Major's Office, 

" Corftj, 21st Jme, 182a 

" The Major-Goieral has completed his inspection of Ihe 3Snd 
" Regiment, and has great pleasure in expressing his approbation of the 
" improvement which has taken place in that Corps, of the good order in 
" which he has found it in all respects, both of its interior economy and 
" discipline. Hiere is a marked improvemenl too in the accuracy of its 
" movements in the Field since the Major-Geneial had last an opportunity 
" of observing them previous to his going to England The Major-General 
" does not form his opinion of ifae condition of a Corps merely from what 
" comes under his notice at a single Inspection, but it is the result of his 
"general and continued observation, and he is not inclined to express any 
"opinion on casual or temporary acquaintance with the Regiment. 

" In a word, the improvemenl of the 32nd Regiment is ' Great,' and its 
" present state highly creditable to the exertions of Lieutenant-Colonel The 
" Honble. John Maiiland and the Officers who have seconded him in 
" bringing it about. 

" The great aiieniion of the Non-commissioned Officers and the 
" improved behaviour of the men is best evinced by the state of the 
" Regiment and by the fact of the diminution in the * Severe Punishment ' 
** since Lieutenant-Colonel Maitland took the Command. 

"(Sd.) J. RUUSDAIL, Major Brigade." 

In answer to the Half-Yearly Report, the following letters were 
received by the commanding officer : 

•■ Horse Guards, 10th Febr>., I82L 
"Sir, 

" I have not failed to lay before the Commander-in-Chief your 
" Despatch of the 18th December last with its enclosure, and am directed 
"to acquaint you that His Royal Highness has received, with great 
" satisfaciioD, the favourable report of the 8th and 3'2nd Regiments so 
" creditable to their Commanding Officers (Lieutenant-Colonel Uuffy and 
" Honble. John Maitland) and he will not fail to recommend to His 
"Majesty thai the suspension of all promotion in the former Corps shall 
" now in consequence of this Report be taken off. 

" (Sd.) H. Taylor. 
" Lieutenant-Genera! 

" Rt Hon. Sir Thos. Maitland, c.CB." 




J 



32nd regiment. 137 

" Corfu, 8th April, 182L 
" Sir, 

" I have the honor, by direction of the Major-General Commanding, 
" to transmit for your information the enclosed copy of Letter from Major- 
" General Sir Herbert Taylor, together with an extract from one from the 
"Adjutant General of the Forces, conveying His Royal Highness The 
"General Commanding-in-Chiefs pleasure on the Half- Yearly Report 
" made of the 32nd Regiment for the second period of the last year. 

" I have, etc., etc., 

''(Sd,) J. RUDSDAIL, 

" Actg. Milty. Secretary. 
" The Honble. 

"J. Maitland, 

" Commdg. 32nd Regt" 

In the latter end of July a detachment of the regiment, under 
Major Dillon, proceeded to the island of Zante, for the purpose of 
quelling an insurrection of the inhabitants. They remained there 
until the end of the year. 

In January, 1821, the head-quarters of the regiment were removed 
from Corfu to Caphalonia, for the purpose of relieving the 75th 
Regiment. That part of the regiment which had remained at Zante 
till the end of 1820 proceeded to Santa Maura and Ithaca. In the 
month of July the head-quarters were removed from Caphalonia to 
Corfu, having been relieved by the 36th Regiment, from Malta. In 
August, a company was sent from Corfu to the island of Cerigo, 
leaving only the two flank companies at head-quarters, under the 
command of Lieutenant-Colonel Maitland. The regiment now 
garrisoned the islands of Santa Maura, Ithaca, Paxo, and Cerigo, 
having its head-quarters at Corfu. In October of this year, the 
regiment was again reduced from ten to eight companies. 

1822-26. 

In the month of May, 1822, the regimental detachments were 
relieved by the 61st (or King's Own) Light Infantry, and the 
regiment being assembled at Corfu was quartered at Fort Neuf 
and the Citadel barracks. 



The regiment continued doing duty in the Ionian islands for the 
next three years. 

On 30th June, 1825, the commanding officer received the following 
notification relative to the return of the 32nd Regiment to England. 

'■ London, 20ih May, 1825. 
"Sir, 

" I have the honour to annex for your information, acopy of a Letter 
" from the Horse Guards relative to the return of the 32nd Regiment to 
" this country. 

" We have, etc., etc., 

" (Sd.) C. & E. HOPKINSON. 
" Lieut-Colonel The Honble. J. Maitland, 
Com. 32nd Regiment." 

" Horse Guards, 

" 14ih May, 1826, 
" Sir, 

" I have the honor to notify to you, by the Commander-m Chiefs 
" Command, that His Majesty is pleased to direct that the 32nd Regiment 
"shall return to this country from the Mediterranean on being replaced by 
" a Regiment which will be sent out for that purpose. 

"(Sd.) H. TORRENS. 
" To Gen. Campbell, 

" Col., 32nd Regiment" 

On 22nd and 23rd July the Princess Royal and Diadem, transports, 
arrived at Corfu, having on board the head-quarters and part of the 
7th Royal Fusiliers for the purpose of relieving the 32nd Regiment 
On the 28th the head-quarters and three companies embarked on 
board the Priruess Royal, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel 
the Honble. John Maitland, and three companies were embarked in 
the Diadem, under the command of Major Dillon. Having received 
orders to proceed to Portsmouth, they sailed the following morning. 

The 32nd Regiment having been paraded for embarkation, the 
following General Order, from Lieutenant-General Sir Frederic Adam, 
commanding the forces in the Ionian islands, was read at the head 
of the regiment by Lieutenant-Colonel Knitt, deputy -adjutant-general, 
previous to marching off ; and it was peculiarly gratifying to the corps 
to witness the feeling of regret evinced by the garrison and inhabit- 
ants in general, and the Stith Regiment in particular, at their 
departure, 



A 

4 



J 



32nd regiment. 



"General Order, No. 1. 



"Adjutant-General's Office, 

" Ionian Islands, Head-Qrs., 

"Corfu, 28th July, 1825. 
it-General cannot allow the 32nd Regiment lo quit 
it has been for eight years, under his immediate 



.0 the Honble. Lieutenant- 

ssioned Officers and 

DSC be entertains of their 

e approbation founded on 

ail its pans and all its 



" The Ueutena 
" the Station in whict 

" Command and observation, without expressing t( 
"Colonel Maitland, to the Officers, Non-com 
"soldieis ot this excellent Corps, the strong s 
" exemplary and Military Conduct, and his em 
" a thorough knowled^je of the Regiraeni i 
" details. 

" If some instances of individual crime occurred in the Regiment during 
"the earlier part of its station, and if these from their nature have been 
" subject to Public investigation and Public punishment, still there is 
" nothing in them that could in any way reHect on the character and 
" reputation of the Corps, but they have been of a description which it 
" were absurd not to expect should occasionally occur in any large collected 
" body of men. 

" Approving as the Lieu tenant- General does of the whole deportment 
" and conduct of the Regiment, he must yet select one particular by which 
" it has been particularly distinguished. The orderly, tranquil, and 
" creditable conduct of the Officers and men in their quarters, and their 
" kind and friendly behaviour towards all the inhabitants in all the Islands 
" In which they have been stationed, a deportment this, which he wishes 
" to hold out as an exan^pte, because nothing can tend to raise the British 
" name or to conciliate the affections and respect of a population who axe 
" protected by the British Crown. 

" The Deportment of the Officers in general in all its bearings, whether 
" Military or social, reflects upon them the highest credit. It is due to the 
" Honble. Lieutenant-Colonel Maltland to slate that the Regiment, since 
'* he assumed the Command of it, has greatly improved in every particular, 
" and the Lieutenant- General has only to express his deep regret that he 
" has no longer the satisfaction of retaining under his Command a Corps 
" which has sucli strong claims on his approbation, and which he shall feel 
" a pride in seeing again under his command under any circumstances 
"either in Peace or War. 

"(Sii.) D. Knitt, Dy.-Adjt. General" 



UO HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 


^^ 


The two remaining companies of ihe 32nd 


tegiment waited at H 


Corfu until the arrival of the Borodino, transport, 


with the remainder i 


of ihe 7th Royal Fusiliers, and they embarked in that transport on | 


24th August, and sailed the following morning. 








The head-quar- 
ters, on board the 
Printtss Royal, 




r- 




^^M^^. 


arrived in Ply- | 






mouth Sound on ,' 
19th September \ 
and remained in | 
quarantine until 




..H^^^V', ^^. 


the 28th, when 






theydiserabarked 1 
and relieved the \ 




l^* 


24th Regiment, ' 
in barracks, at | 
Devonport, which ] 
then embarked 
for Ireland The 
Diadtm, trans- 
port, arrived with 
the detachment 
under the com- 




MAJOR 6IR J. F. DILLON. 


mand of Major 


Dillon,* who had previously occupied the barracks, and the Borodino, ^^J 


transport, also arrived, with the two companies under Captain Reid, ^^^| 


and disembarked on 17lh November following. 


^m 


That part of the regiment which had arriv 


ed in England was ^^^ 


inspected by Major-General Sir John Camero 


n, K.C.B., on 22nd 


October, 1825, and the following is the extract fr 


m a letter from the 


adjutant-general to Lieu ten ant- Co! one) the Hon 


le. John Maitland, 


alluding to Sir Frederick Adam's order and 


Sir J. Cameron's 




eport. 




■ 


• Afterwudi Sit J. Dillon, Bait 


J 



i 



32nd regiment. Ul 

" Horse Guards, 

" 16th November, 1825. 
" Sir, 

" According to yonr dciire [ return you a copy of the General 
" Order given out by Sir Frederick Adani on the departure of the 32nd 
" Regiment from the Ionian Islands. 

" I have laid it before the Commander-in-Chief, and have to assure you 
" that His Royat Highness has expressed the greatest satisfaction at the 
"perusal of a Document so highly creditable to the old Corps you 
" Commanded and so very honourable to yourself. 

" I have also brought to His Royal Highness'notJce the very handsome 
" report of the Regiment transmitted from Plymouth by Major-General 
"Sir J. Cameron. 

"(Sd.) Henev Torrens." 

1826-28. 

On 16th March, 1826, the regiment removed from Devonport and 
occupied the Citadel barracks at Plymouth, relieving the Sth Regiment, 
which embarked for Scotland, and on 26th Hay, Major-General Sir 
John Cameron made his half-yearly inspection of the regiment, and 
he again expressed himself in the highest possible terms on every part 
of its equipment and discipline. 

On 1 9th J une the loute was received for the march of the regiment 
to the northern district. The 1st division marched the following day. 
The head-quarters left Plymouth on Sth July and arrived at Halifax, 
in Yorkshire, on 4th August. The 32nd Regiment was now 
detached to Bradford, Stockport, Bury, Rochdale, Wakefield, and 
Oldham. 

The head-quarters and different detachments were inspected by 
Major-General the Honble. W. G. Harris, in October, 1826. In 
December of the same year the headquarters was removed to 
Manchester, and on lOlh January, 1827, the whole of the regiment 
was assembled at Liverpool for the purpose of embarking for Ireland, 
which it did on the 12th of the same month, and landed the following 
day in Dublin ; three days afterwards it marched in four divisions for 
Paisonstown barracks, in Kings county, where it arrived on the 18th, 
19th, 20th, and 22nd of that month. 

On 28th April the regiment received orders to proceed to LJmericlc, 



U2 



I 



and marched on 30th April and 1st and 7th May. The head-qu altera 
was stationed in the Castle barracks. The 37th Regiment, which had 
lately returned from America, also occupied the Castle barracks and 
relieved the different detachments. 

The regiment continued the whole of 1837 and the greater part of 
1828 in Limerick, relieving (he different detachments every three 
months, and sending out at these times between four hundred and five 
hundred men. On ITth May and 28th September, 1827, and Uth 
May, 1828, the regiment was inspected by Major-General Sir Charles 
Boyle, K.C.B., commanding the south western district, who, on all 
these occasions, was pleased to express his approbation in every 
respect. 

On 28th September, 1828, the regiment received a route to march I 
from Limerick to Kilkenny; two companies from the head-quarlera ' 
on the 29th and the head-quarters on the 30th, and arrived at its 
destination on 3rd and 4th October. The different detachments in 
the counties of Clare and Limerick joined the head-quarters at 
different periods ; the last outpost arrived on 23rd October. On _ 
11th October routes were received to detach three companies, ^ 
Carlow, Athy, and Maryborough. 



k 



1829. 

On Sunday, 10th May. routes were received for the head-quarters 
and four companies to march from Kilkenny to Dublin. They 
marched on Monday, the 11th, and on the 18th the whole of 
the regiment was quartered in Richmond barr.icks. A few days after 
its arrival the regiment was inspected by Lieutenant-General the 
Rt. Honble. Sir John Byng, k.C.d., commander of the forces in 
Ireland. 

1830. 

On 11th May, 1830, the regiment received an order to hold itself 
in readiness to embark for Canada, and on (he 15th a notification of J 
the establishment of the service and reserve companies was also 
received. On the 29ih, the 1st division, under the command of 
Captain Reocb, (consisting of one captain, four subalterns, one 



A 



39nd hegement. 

assistanl surgeon, six sergeants, four corporals, two drummers, and 
one hundred and thirteen privates,) marched from Richmond barracks, 
Dublin, and embarked at Kingstown on board the Britomart, 
transport, and sailed Irom thence on 2nd June. 

The 2nd division, under the command of Major Palk, (consisting 
of one major, two captains, three lieutenants, one ensign, one 
paymaster, eight sergeants, nine corporals, two drummers, and one 
hundred and fifty-seven privates) embarked on board the Perseus, 
freight ship, on -tth of June, and sailed on the 7th of the same 
month. 

On 7th June the reserve companies, (consisting of one field officer, 
four captains, eight subalterns, twelve sergeants, twelve corporals, four 
drummers, and one hundred and thirty-three privates) marched to 
Boyle, under the command of Major Wingfield. 

The head-quarters, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel the 
Honble. John Mailland (consisting of one lieutenant-colonel, two 
captains, three ensigns, one adjutant, one quarter-master, one surgeon, 
fifteen sergeants, nine corporals, five drummers, and one hundred and 
eighty-eight privates), vacated Richmond barracks, being replaced by 
the 76th Regiment, and embarked at Kingston on board the Hebe, 
freight ship, on 8th June, and sailed on the ICth. 

The Britomart arrived in Quebec harbour on 24th July, the Hebe 
on 6ih August, and the Perseus on the 8ih. 

The 32nd Regiment now composed part of ihe garrison of Quebec, 
consisting of the 15th, 24ih, and 32nd regiments. Shortly after the 
arrival of the regiment it was reviewed by Lieu tenant-General Sir 
James Kempt, G.c.b., who, previous to his departure for England, 
in October, made his half-yearly inspection of the regiment. 

1831-37. 
From an account of the celebration of the king's birthday, on 28th 
May, 1831, it appears that the 24th, 32nd, and 71st Light Infantry 
then formed the garrison of Quebec. There is not much to be 
learned of the regiment during this period, but an interesting account 
of a boat race — which appeared in the Quebec Mercury of 26th 
May, 1832 — in which Captains Markham and Hodges, wiih 



J 



144 



Lieutenants Brooke and Baines, of the 32nd regiment, formed one 
of the crews, recalls incidentally the good services which have 
been done by British officers in all parts of the world in promoting 
a taste for manly s[>oiiS and pastimes. 

This year General Alexander Campbell, of Munrie, N.B., died, and 
the colonelcy of the regiment was conferred on Lieu ten ant-General 
Sir Samuel Venables Hinde,* k.cb., who had commanded the 1st 
battalion 32nd Regiment throughout the Peninsular war. 

The Regimental Records are absolutely silent as to the next live 
years, and one can only infer from this tiiat the ordinary routine work, 
with little variation, took place. However, there were some hard days 
before the regiment, for in 1837 it had been removed to Montreal, 
where the Canadian rebellion — styled " the Papinean rebellion," by 
a body called " Fils de la Libnii " — broke out. The chief cause of 
this outbreak — which, however, seems to have been smouldering for 
some time— was brought about by the Canadian House of Assembly 
refusing to vote supplies. The 32nd Regiment was employed against 
the rebels in Lower Canada, who, under the influence of certain party 
leaders, had broken out into acts of open rebellion. 

In the following November the rebel leaders were supposed to have 
taken up iheir quarters in the villages of St. Charles and St. Denis, 
on the right bank of the Richel, and their immediate capture being 
considered desirable, Colonel Gore, deputy quarter-master-general, was 
sent with a parly of troops from Sorel, the advance of which was 
formed by the light company o2nd Regiment, under Captain F. 
Markham, to St. Denis, while Colonel VVeatherall, of the Royals, 
with another party, proceeded to St. Charles. 

After a toilsome night march of twelve hours through heavy rain, 
St. Denis, which was but eighteen miles from Sorel, was reached at 
10 a.m., and a party of fifteen hundred rebels was found posted in a 
fortified stone house, with a weli flanked barricade blocking the road. 
Some sharp fighting ensued, but as the field piece which had 
accompanied the party could make no impression on the defences, 




/ 




captain Thus. Impett, 



33nd regiment. 146 

and the men were much exhausted, their wet clothes frozen stiffupon 
their backs, Colonel Gore, after spending nearly all his ammunition, 
was compelled to retire, with a loss of six killed and ten wounded ; of 
this number, the 32rd light company had two men killed, five men 
wounded, and four missing, including one wounded man. Captain 
Matkham himself was severely wounded, having had two bullets 
through his neck, and whilst being carried away — on Colonel Gore 
retiring — by Sergeant Allcock and a private, was wounded by a third 
bullet through the calf of his leg, and several bullets grazed his knee. 

Lieutenant Weir, 32nd regiment, in trying to overtake the 
detachment which left Sorel on the ni^bt of the 22nd (he having 
been despatched from Montreal that morning by land, to order the 
detachment at Sorel to be in readiness to join Colonel Gore's party) 
on landing that evening at Sorel, and arriving after the detachment 
had marched, (viz., 10 p.m., 22nd November) he having taken the 
front road, and the detachment marching by the back road, fell into 
the hands of the rebels at St. Ours, and was murdered by them. His 
body was found on 2nd December in the river Richelieu, at St. 
Denis, in about two feet of water, covered with large stones. 

Colonel Wetherall, with better fortune, reached Si. Charles after 
some delay, and drove the rebels out at the point of the bayonet. 

On 30th November, Colonel Goie. with four companies 32nd, 
mpanies 66th, one company 24lh, and one company 83rd, with 
a twelve-pounder Howitzer, marched from Sorel, and on the following 
day attempted to break through the ice of the Richelieu with a 
steamboat, but, failing in this, crossed the ice and proceeded to St, 
Ours, and thence to SL Denis, which— having been abandoned the 
night before— was occupied without opposition. 

Three companies of the 32nd Regiment and a field gun, under 
Major Reed, 32nd regiment, were left at St. Denis, and the rest 
moved on to St. Charles and afterwards to St. Hyacinthe. The rebel 
leaders had, meanwhile, escaped to the United States, and the four 
companies 3'2nd, with the rest of Colonel Gore's force, returned to 
Sorel. 

The rebels under arms between the Yanaska and the Richelieu 
being dispersed, arrangements were made for sending a body of 



146 ^ HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

troops into [he country of the take of two mountains, their stronghold 
at Grand Bruli and Riviere de Chfine, The force consisted of the 
32nd and 83rd regiments, brigaded under Colonel Maitland, and the 
Royals and some other troops, brigaded under Colonel Welherall. 
The principal post, St. Eustache, was captured by Maitland's brigade, 
with a loss of one killed and eight wounded ; the 32nd had one man 
wounded only. Afterwards the villages of St. Scholasiique, St. 
Therfese, &c., were occupied by the 32nd, the arms and ammunition 
of the inhabitants being given up without opposition. In his report. 
Colonel Maitland speaks highly of the steadiness and good conduct 
of the troops, and the forbearance shown by them towards the 
rebels.* 

The foregoing movements were under the direction of General Sir 
J. Colbourne. 

1838. 

Early in January, 1838, the head-quarlers of the regiment pro- 
ceeded by water to the Upper Province, and while en route were frozen 
in among the Thousand Isles. After remaining some days in this 
position, they crossed on the ice, it being sufficiently strong to bear 
them, to the mainland, and thence proceeded to Kingston, Toronto, 
and New London. The remainder of the regiment had been previ- 
ously stationed for some time in the latter place. 

The greater part of the regiment was now sent on to Amherstburg, 
where the 34th regiment was also quartered, and Colonel Maitland took 
command of the District. A large number of American sympathisers 
having taken possession of the island of Point-au-Rils, an English 
force, consisting of two guns, a detachment of the 32nd Regiment, 
and a parly of Volunteer cavalry, was organised against them. They 
proceeded up the lake to Chichester, about eighteen miles, arriving 
there on the evening of 2nd March, 1838. 

Early the following morning the party crossed in sleighs from the 
mainland, a distance of about sixteen miles, arriving at the island 
about sunrise. 

* len<ien GaulU, 183S. 



J 



33ND 



147 



Note. — The laie Dr. Henry, who was serving there (Canada) at the 
time as surgeon to the 66ih Regiment, gives Che following account of this 
affair in his Events of a MUUary Life, vol. iii. : 

" A more serious attempt than any of these predatory irruptions was 
" made at a large British island, near the head of Lake Erie, called Point 
" Peled island, «hich is inhabited, and about twenty miles distant from the 
" Canadian shore. Here a body of American brigands, armed to the teeth 
"with lilies, pistols, bayonets, and large carvers as sharp as razors, called 
" bowie knives, landed on 28th February, 1S38, seized the inhabitants and 
"plundered them, and made preparations for crossing to the vicinity of 
" Amherstbei^. But there was a vigilant officer there who anticipated 
" their attack. 

"Colonel the Honble. John Maitland, commanding 32nd Regiment, 
" having previously sent Captain Glasgow, R.A. (an active officer through- 
" out this winter) to see if the ice was still passable, moved with a strong 
" detachment from Amherstberg, and after travelling all night in sleighs a 
" distance of forty miles, at a temperature below lero, arrived at the island 
" about daybreak Here the Colonel detached Captain Browne, 32nd 
" Regiment, with two weak companies to the south shore, with the intention 
" of cutting ofT the retreat of the invaders to the American side ; whilst he 
" himself, with the main body, slowly penetrated through the deep snow, 
" at the northern end, in quest of them. The band of marauders, suddenly 
"finding themselves surrounded, boldly determined to concentrate their 
"force and attack Browne's detachment, not one hundred strong, thus 
" opening their way back to Sandusky. They accordingly advanced in 
" regular military order, throwing out skirmishers, who covered themselves 
"by large blocks of ice along the shore, and opened a hot (ire on the 
" 32nd. Browne was not slow in returning their fire ; but, finding himself 
"outflanked and his men faUing fast, he formed his small force in line at 
o charged his assailants with the bayonet, who, 
n number, immediately broke and took to the wood. 
" Soon after they escaped in their sleighs to the American shore, with the 
" loss of (our of their chiefs killed and over seventy killed and wounded. 
" Now this was a very brilliant little affair, and did honour to the steadiness 
"of the 32nd and their intrepid leader, Browne, who proved himself the 
" man of resources, his power of mind and firmness giving promise of 
" future fame, and demonstrating that the lesson he received in early life at 
" Waterloo had not been foi^otten." 

The cavalry and two companies of the 32nd Regiment, under the 



"extended order, and s 
"although four li 



148 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

command of Captain Browne, of the latter corps, were sent round to 
the end of the island to intercept the retreat of the enemy. 

The main body, under Captain Birtwhistle, 32nd regiment, with 
two guns, advanced through the island and compelled the enemy to 
retire. 

The Americans, while retiring, came upon a party sent to intercept 
ihem, when a smart action ensued, in which more than thirty of the 
small number of the 32nd regiment engaged were wounded, two of 
whom subsequently died of their wounds. Captain Browne, perceiving 
the loss he was sustaining, extended his small hne by opening the 
files, and in this order charged down on (he rebels, putting them to 
flight and making several of them prisoners. For his gallant conduct 
on this occasion he received a brevet majority. 

1839-43. 

In April, 1839, the regiment returned to New London, where 
Colonel Maiiland died the following winter. 

The regiment was subsequently stationed for twelve months at 
Toronto, and proceeded to Montreal, and thence to St Helens, 
where it was quartered about two months. 

The regiment continued in Upper Canada, under command of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Wingfield, until July, 1841, when it was brought 
down from Toronto to Quebec, and embarked for home in the Apollo, 
transport, which had brought the 68th Light Infantry from Jamaica 
to Canada. 

The service companies landed at Portsmouth on ITih September, 
1841, and marched into quarters at Fort Cumberland, where the four- 
company depot which had been brought round from Plymouth 
awaited them. 

Shortly after the arrival of the regiment at Portsmouth, Lieutenant 
Rasbbrook, a very young officer, was drowned in the Dockyard while 
going visiting rounds at night. He was interred with military 
honours, "the grenadier company, to which he belonged, wearing 
" white favours in their bearskins." 

From Portsmouth the regiment moved to Leeds, owing to 
disturbances having occurred there, where it was stationed in 1843. 



J 



32nd regiment. 149 

General Sir Robert McFarlane, who had succeeded to the regiment 
on the death of Sir S. V. Hinde in 1S37, died this year, and was 
succeeded by Lieu tenant-General Sir John Buchan, k.c.b., k.c.t.s. 

1844-47. 

In 1844, ihe regiment moved from Leeds to Manchester, and in 
1845 W.1S transferred to Dublin, subsequently moving to Muilingar 
and Athlone. 

On 19th March, 1846, the regiment moved to Fermoy, orders 
being received for it to proceed to India. 

On 29th May, 1846, the regiment, in five detachments, under the 
command of Lieutenant-Colonel Fred Markham, embarked on board 
the transports British Sovereign, Duchess of Northumberland, Edin- 
burgh, General Palmer, and Abourkir, for its first tour of duty in 
India. Ths transports reached Calcutta within a short time of one 
another— the first fortnight in September ; and the troops proceeded 
by water to Chinsurat, en route to Agra, The destination of the 
regiment was changed to Meerut. It encamped at Benares on Ist 
January, 1847, while still tn route to Meerut, 

The regiment arrived at Meerut on 19th February, 1847, and was 
stationed there until 14th February the following year. While here, 
two officers— Lieutenant Sullivan and Lieutenant Money-Kyrle — died. 

The regiment also lost their last Waterloo veteran, by the retire- 
ment, on lialf-pay, of Major George Browne, a brave old officer who 
had entered the regiment in I8I3, fought with it at Quatre Bras and 
Waterloo, and subsequently much distinguished himself in the aflair 
at Point Pele^ island, during the Canadian rebellion. 

1848-61. 

The first Sikh war was over, and there appeared to be a general 
calm throughout the land for the first two years after the regiment 
reached India. In the beginning of 1846, a strong British and native 
garrison, under Sir John Littler, held I.,ahore, to protect the chief 
sirdars from their turbulent fellow-countrymen; and the reconstruction 
of the government in the Punjaub was progressing, to all appearances, 
satisfactorily. But mischief was brewing at Mooltan. Negotiations 



160 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

had beea goin^ on for some time between the British durbar al 
Lahore and Moolraj, the dewan or governor ot' Muoltan, to induce 
or compel the latter to resign, in favour of Sirdar Khan Singh. 

At the request of the Moolraj, two British commissioners — Mr. 
Vans Agnew, assistant-resident at Lahore, and Lieutenant Anderson, 
Bombay Fusiliers, had been sent to effect the transfer. They 
arrived in Mooltan, with a very small escort, on 17th .April, 1848 ; 
the transfer o( the Government was formally completed, the work of 
the mission done, when the two Englishmen were attacked and 
desperately wounded. Three days afterwards they were foully 
murdered, in their place of refuge, without the walls. A revolt at 
Lahore, and the preaching of a jehad, or holy war followed, Moolraj 
took the field with five thousand men, but was checkmated by the 
foresight and indomitable energj- of Herbert Edwardes, then a young 
subaltern employed on revenue duly in the neighbourhood of 
Mooltan. At the head of a heterogeneous collection of hastily 
formed levies, in whom he managed to infuse some of his own spirit, 
he effected a junction with Colonel Van Cortland, commanding at 
Dhera Isma Khan, and inflicted some severe defeats on the 
Mooltanese, driving ihem back under their own walls, where they 
were kept at bay until the arrival of the British troops, under General 
Whish, in the following AugusL 

The 32nd Regiment had, on the first intelligence of the 
assassination, been moved from Umballa to Ferozepore, arriving there 
on 27th May, having suffered severely from the hot weather on the 
march. Captain Gardiner died from heat apoplexy, and there were 
a great many casualties amongst the non-commissioned officers and 
men. While here the 32nd received orders to join the Mooltan field 
forces, and marched on lOth August. The excessive heat, both day 
and night, caused a great number of deaths on this march. Water 
was scarce and bad. The regiment joined the force under General 
Whish on 25lh August, and formed part of the left column ; 
descended the Sutlej, partly in steamers, partly m native boats, 
reaching the place of landing the day after the right column which 
had moved from Ijhore. Thence four marches brought them in 
front of the city of Mooltan. 



32nd regiment. 

" The heat during this march," writes an officer of the regiment 
who was present, " was terrific. The thermometer registered one 
" hundred and thirty degrees in the men's tents, one hundred and 
" twenly-seven degrees in the hospital, and one hundred and 
" eighteen degrees in the officers' tents ; and of a detachment of four 
"and a half companies which reached its hailing place before 
" sunrise one day, there were fourteen men to be buried at sunset" 

General Whish, with the right columns, encamped at Seelul-Ke- 
Maree, six miles distant from Mooltan, on IPth August 

The Ferozepore columns marched next day, as before stated. The 
siege-train did not arrive until 1th September, when Whish had under 
his orders a force of eight thousand troops, with ihiriy-iwo pieces of 
siege ordnance and twelve field guns. A motley collection of regular 
and irregular levies, under Van Cortlandt, Herbert E^wardes, and 
Lake ; and a body of Sikh troops, under Shere Singh, brought up the 
strength of the besiegers to eight thousand four hundred and seven- 
teen cavalry, and fourteen thousand three hundred and twenty-seven 
infantry, with forty-five guns of all calibres, and four mortars.* 
Opposed to these, Moolraj had under his orders in Mooltan a force 
of ten thousand men, ol whom one thousand two hundred were 
cavalry. The city was surrounded by a wall of burned brick, forty 
feel high, surmounted by thirty towers, and covered by a ditch, with 
masonry scarp and counterscarp. The citadel stood upon a mound, 
and was a formidable work naturally as well as artificially. It was 
afterwards swept away by the floods consequent on the great slorm of 
1849, but at the time of the siege was reputed the most regular in 
design of any fortress in India planned by native engineers. 

The village of Ramaneet was occupied on 7th September, and the 
same night strong working parties of British and Sikhs broke ground 
against the city of Mooltan. On the day following the enemy was 
dislodged from some advanced posts without much dilficully, On the 
10th a similar attempt was made by detachments of the iOth Regiment 
and Bengal Native Infantry (chiefly furnished by the relieved picquets), 
under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Pattoun, 32nd raiment, 



' Herbert Edwaides, A ytar in tht Pimjaui. 




RCOMDS OP THE 

ibe field-officer of Ibe ireocbes. The attempt was nude with great 
gallantry, but the poiiitoQ proved more formidable than was expected, 
and (he aitackiog fortj was driven back with a loss of foartecD killed 
and sercntjr-one wounded. On the lOlh, Brigadier ^[arkham, of the 
32nd regiment, was wounded while on duty in the trenches, and some 
desultory fighting took place on thai and the succeeding day. 

On the 12th the enemy's advanced position was attacked by 
Brigadier Harvey, wilha force consisting of six companies of the 10th 
Regiment and a like number of the 32nd Regiment, with three 
regiments of Native Infantry, supported by three squadrons of 
irregular cavaliy and a troop of horse artillery. 

The iroops paraded at 9 a.m., in tiro columns ; the right, composed 
of the 32nd Regiment and the Sth Native Infontry, under Colonel 
Pattoun, 32nd regiment ; the left, consisting of the lOih Regiment I 
and 49th Native Infantry, under Colonel Franks, 10th regiment. 
The position was a strong one, and stoutly defended ; and a sanguinary 1 
fight ensued, ending in the defeat of the enemy and the capture of j 
all the defensive points on that side of the city, but at a heavy cost, 
flolonel Pattoun and Quarter- Master Taylor, 32nd regiment, were ] 
killed, and three officers wounded, in the contest ; the command of I 
the right column devolving on Major Inglis, and that of the 32nd I 
companies on Captain K. D. Lowe — names honourably remembered J 
in connexion with the defence of Lucknow in after years. 

Two days afterwards Sirdar Shere Singh went over to the enemy 
wiih his five thousand Sikhs ; and the commanding engineer — the 
late Lord Napier of Magdala — being of opinion that the successful 
conduct of the operations was no longer practicable, General Whish 
raised the siege and withdrew to a position a few miles distant to 
await the arrival of fresh troops from Bombay. 

On 7th November the enemy's strongly entrenched position o 
eastern side of the grand canal, near the village of Soorajkhoond, I 
was carried in a very gallant manner by Brigadier Markham, 32nd I 
regiment, with detachments of 10th and 32nd regiments and some 4 
Native Infantry. Four of the enemy's guns were captured. Thcl 
British loss on this occasion was very small ; that of the 32nc[J 
being only two men wounded. 



32nd regiment. 153 

On 24th December, a strong body of troops arrived from Bombay, 
under Brigadier-General the Honble. H. Dundas (afterwards Lord 
Melville) and Whish, who had now an army of thirty-two thousand 
men, including Native auxiliaries, and one hundred and fifty guns, 
and at once resumed the siege of Mooltan. 

Siege of Mooltan. 

On 27th December the British made a general advance in four 
columns, the enemy abandoning the suburbs and retiring before them 
into the city, thereby allowing a position to be taken up within — at 
some points — a hundred yards of the walls. Three companies of 
the 32nd Regiment on this occasion formed part of the right centre 
column, under Colonel Nash, 72nd Native infantry. Three others 
were subsequently sent down to the support of the column. Major 
Case,* commanding the 32nd companies, was severely wounded. 
Numerous batteries were thrown up during the night, and on the 
28th a general bombardment commenced. 

By the 29th the approaches had been pushed so far that the 
heaviest guns were firing in breach at eighty yards. Much damage 
was done by the British shells, and a granary in the citadel and several 
small magazines were burned. 

The bombardment continued, and at 10 a.m. on 30th December a 

shell from a mortar pierced the supposed bomb-proof dome of the 

Jumna mosque, in the citadel, which formed the enemy's principal 

magazine, containing four hundred thousand pounds of p>owder, and 

in an instant the sacred edifice and five hundred souls were blown 

into a thousand fragments. A serious conflagration in the city 

followed.t 

1849-51. 

On the morning of 2nd January, 1849, the engineers reix)rted that 
the breach at the Khonee Bhoorj (bloody bastion) was " practicable, 
though steep," and that of the Delhi gate was '* sufficiently good to allow 
** of an attempt being made on it for a diversion." J Two columns 



• Afterwards killed at Chinhutt, in 1867. 

t Herbert Edwardes, A Year in the Punjaub, 

X Corps Papers^ Royal En^men^ p. 419, et seg. 



154 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THK 

were accordingly ordered to assault without delay. What followed 
is thus related by Brigadier Markham.* 

"At one o'clock (p.m.) on the 3nd insi. 1 proceeded with the 
"brigade under my orders (Her Majesty's 32nd, 49th, and 72nd 
" Bengal Native Infantry) to the Mundee Awa, the point of rendezvous 
" of the left column. At two p.m. we received orders to move on the 
" Delhi gate, from whence the assault was to be made. At a quarter- 
" past three, p.m., a salvo being fired from the Delhi gate battery (the 
" signal agreed on for the assault) , the leading companies of the 32nd, 
"under Captain Smyth, commanding the grenadier company, moved 
"on to storm the breach. Upon passing the broken ground and 
" ruined outworks of the gate under a heavy fire of matchlock, they 
"descended a deep hollow, and found to their surprise the city wall 
" in front of them unbreached and totally impracticable, being fairly 
" concealed from view by the nature of the ground until directly upon 
"it. Captain Smyth immediately, and with great judgment and 
"promptitude, decided upon retiring, and rejoined the column with 
" the loss of several men, which loss, however, would have been very 
" severely increased, both to the leading companies and to the column, 
"had there been any hesitation on his pari. 

"I proceeded at once to the breach at Khonee Bhoorj, *hich I 
" found had already been entered by the left column, and we made 
"our way down the ramparts and streets on our right to the Delhi 
"gate, and thence to that part of the city close to the Dowluit gate, 
"and directly in front of the fort. The enemy offered considerable 
"opposition in the narrow streets and on the ramparts, which were 
" strongly barricaded, but before dark that portion of the city was 
" in our possession, and we connected our post with those thrown 
"out by the left column, 

" Moolraj had, in fact, retired into the Ciudel with three thousand 
" picked men, closing its gates against the rest of his troops. 

" General Whish now resolved to attack the Citadel on two sides at 
"once; and on the 4lh January a brigade of the Bombay Division 
" moved round to the north side of the Citadel, throwing out picqueta 

* Brigftdia Mulduun's dcspnlch, Ltttdan Gaulti, Much 33rd, 1849. 



32nd regiment. 



156 



" to communicate with the Bengal Division on the east, and Edwardes' 
"Irregulars on the west. Moolraj, seeing the coils closing round 
" him, tried to negotiate for terms ; but he was given to understand 
"thai only an uncondilional surrender would be received. The 
"approaches were pushed on, and on the 21st, two breaches being 
"reported ready, arrangements were made for the assault next 
"morning. The storming parties were ready at their posts, when, 
"at seven a.tn,, Moolraj intimated his wish to surrender, and the 
"firing ceased. Two hours later he surrendered himself and his 
"garrison unconditionally into the hands of the British general."' 

Thus fell the city of Mooltan, at a cost to the British troops of 
some twelve thousand men, killed and wounded. The loss in the 
32nd Regiment from the first commencement of the operations was 
two officers— Colonel Pattoun and Lieutenant and Quarter- master 
Taylor — one sergeant, and sixteen men, killed ; and eleven officers, 
three sergeants, one drummer, and one hundred and two men, 
wounded. 

The casualties at Mooltan were as follows : — 



Lieut -Colon el Palloun - 
Brigadier F. Markham 
Captain Balfour 

King 
Lieutenant Birtwhisde 
Ensign Swinbum 
Major Case 

Lieutenant Sirawbensiee 
Captain King (2nd time) 

Lieutenant Maunsell 



. killed, 12th September, 1848 
wounded, 10th September, 1848 
12th September, 1848 
12th September, 1848 
12th September, 1848 
12th September, 1848 
27th December, 1848 
27th December, 1848 
2nd January, 1849 
2nd Januarj', 1849 
16th January, 1849 
21st January, 1849 



Immediately after the fall of Mooltan, General Whish's troops, 
carrying Moolraj with them a prisoner, pushed on to join Lord 
Gough, who, in his entrenched camp at Chillianwallah, had been 
awaiting the arrival of reinforcements since the battle of 13th January, 



L 



n GtuUt, April 3id, 1S49. 



156 



HISTORICAL RECORDS Of THE 



i 



1849, The fort and garrison of Cheniote was surrendered to the 
force tn routr. The troops reached the head-quarter's camp on the 
19lh and 20ih February, and the same night Lord Gough advanced 
as far as the village of Shadiwjl. The main body of the Sikh army, 
consisting of sixty thousand Sikh troops, under Sirdar Chutiar Singh 
and Rajah Shere Singh, with iweve hundred Afghan auxiliaries under 
a son of Dost Mahomed, and fifty-three guns, had fallen back on 
Goojerat, a famous place of victory in Sikh annals, and was in position 
between the walls of that cily and the dry beds of the River Dwara, 
which, in a fashion, covers two of its sides.* 

Battle of OoQJerat. 

At daybreak on 21st February the British tine formed for the 
attack. Dundas' Brigade on the left, Colm Campbell's to the right of 
it; Gilberl'st division, with the heavy guns, forming the right centre; 
Harvey's brigade further to the right, with Markham's in support. 

■' At 7.30 a,m.," wrote the veteran Commander-in-Chief, " the army 
"advanced in the order described, wiih the precision of a parade 
" movement. The enemy opened their fire at a very long distance, 
"which exposed to my artillery both the position and range of their 
"guns. Halted the infantry just out of fire, and advanced the whole 
"of my artillery, covered by skirmishers. The cannonade now 
"opened upon the eneray was the most magnificeni I ever witnessed, 
"and as terrible in its effects. The Sikh guns were served with 
"their accustomed rapidity, and the enemy well and resolutely 
"tained liis position; but the terrible force of our fire obliged them, 
"after an obstinate resistance, to fall back. I then deployed the 
" infantry and directed a general advance, covered by the artillery, as 
"before. The village of Burrakolra, the left one of those of that 
"name, in which the enemy had concealed a large body of infantry, 
"and which was apparently the key to his position, lay in the line lo 
"Sir Walter Gilbert's advance, and was carried in most brilliant style 
" by a spirited attack by the 3rd brigade, under Brigadier Penny, which 

* Curfi Papers, Royal and EasI India frontier engi^nn 

t A cnlumn to ihe memory of this officer was eiecled near Bodmin, Gtrnw^L 



* 





L 



32nd regiment. 1571 

"drove the enemy from iheir cover with great slaughter. A very 
"spirited and successful movement was also made about the same 
"time against a heavy body of the enemy's troops in and about the 
"second, or Chotakolra, by part of Brigadier Harvey's brigade, 
"gallantly led by Colonel Franks, Her Majesty's 10th Foot. The 
"heavy artillery continued to advance with extraordinary activity, 
"taking up successive forward positions, and driving the enemy from 
" where they had retired to, while the rapid advance and beautiful fire 
"of the Horse Artillery broke the ranks of the enemy at all points. 
"The whole line now rapidly advanced and drove the enemy before 
"it. The Nullah was cleared, several villages stormed, the guns in 
"position carried, the camp captured, the enemy routed in every 
" direction ; the right wing and Brigadier Campbell's brigade going in 
"pursuit to the eastward, and the Bombay column to the westward 
" of the city. The retreat of the Sikh army, thus hotly pressed, soon 
"became a perfect flight, all arms dispersing all over the country, 
" rapidly pursued by out troops for a distance of twelve miles, and 
" the track strewed with their wounded, and the arms and accoutre- 
"ments they flung away." 

Markham's brigade, consisting of the 32nd Regiment, under 
Lieutenant-Colonel Brooke, and 31st and 72nd Native Infantry had 
been brought up into the front line during the advance, and on 
reaching Goojerat was, by Lord Cough's orders, employed collecting 
the enemy's guns, nineteen of which were at once sent into the head- 
quarter camp. Major Case, 33nd regiment, with three companies of 
the 32nd and two companies of the 51st Native Infantry, took 
possession of the eight gales of the city, in which service they captured 
a Khalsa standard, four guns, and some horses, with the loss of one 
man killed and one olScer wounded. Afterwards, reinforced by the 
36th Native Infantry, they occupied the city, various detached 
portions of the enemy laying down their arms lo thim, for the most 
part without resistance. The regimental loss during the day was one 
man killed, and one ofiScer and four men wounded. 

The power of the Sikhs was now compteiely broken. Shere Singh 
and the other chieftains submitted, and over sixteen thousand Sikh 
troops laid down their arms. The Afghans, however, retired towards 



M 



■Wavp 



158 HISTORICAL RECORDS. 

their own fastnesses, closely pursued by Gilbert and Colin Campbell. 
The 32nd Regiment took no part in the pursuit to the Khyber Pass, 
and, after the conclusion of hostilities was sent to Jellundur. From 
Jellunder the regiment moved, at the end of 1851, to Peshawar. 
Colonel Markham, at this time, left the regiment to proceed home on 
leave. 



[ 159 ] 



FIFTH PERIOD. 




Indian Mutiny— Return Home. 
1852-79. 

HE regiment arrived at Peshawar on 8th January, 1852. The 
head-quarters and service companies formed part of the force 
employed on field service in the Rannazge valley, with 
Brigadier-General C. Campbell, from 11th to 27th March. They also 
formed part of the force employed in the destruction of the villages 
of Mourdham, Pohangur, and those in the Rannazge valley, from 7th 
May to 2nd June. The regiment remained at Peshawar the rest of 
the year. 

1853. 

The regiment remained quartered at Peshawar until 16th December, 
1853, on which date three companies and the women, children, and 
heavy luggage marched out, en route for Kussowlie. 

1854. 

The head-quarters and six companies marched from Peshawar, en 
route to Kussowlie, on 4th January, 1854. 

The three companies which preceded the head-quarters, and an 
additional one for the left wing, marched to Subathu on 4th March, 
1854. 

The left wing at Subathu, having been relieved by the 52nd 
Light Infantry, rejoined head-quarters at Kussowlie, part on 28th July 
and part on 11th August. 

The head-quarters and nine companies marched from Kussowlie on 
12th December, from Umballa, and arrived there on 16th December, 
to form part of the camp of exercise. 

1855-68. 

On the breaking up of the camp, the regiment returned to Kussowlie, 



160 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



and remained there until the roUoning auiumn. Although Kussowlie 
and Subathu are sanitary stations, the regiment suffered severely 
from fever and ague. Amongst the casualties were those of Pay- 
master Garforth and Captain Birtwhislle. 

In March of this year Colonel Markham* vacated the command 
of the regiment, on promotion to major-general He was succeeded 
by Colonel Brooke. 

The regiment was ordered to Lucknow to relieve the 52nd Light 
Infantry, and on the march suffered severely from cholera, losing 
upwards of forty men. 

One company, whose melancholy fate the following year is fully 
recorded on the monument that now covers the celebrated well of 
that world-renowned city, was left at Cawnpore to form a depot. 

In February of this ye.irColonel Brooke exchanged to the Grenadier 
Guards with Colonel Berkeley, and the command of the regiment 
accordingly devolved on Colonel Inglis. 

The Indian Hntin;. 
Afterthe Sikh campaigns everything appeared to settle down in 
India to its usual dulness and monotony. Not that signs were absent 
of a deep feeling of discontent, but no one desired to heed them ; 
those who offered any suggestion or gave any warning of impending 
danger were quietly shelved. The gallant old soldier — Sir Charles 
Napier — was rebuked by the Govtrnor-General for Ihe vigorous 
manner in which he had suppressed the mutinous spirit which had 
made itself manifest in the ranks of the Bengal army, and he retired 
to avoid witnessing with his hands tied the catastrophe which he 
foresaw. In the face of all these warnings, Lord Daihousie, on 
quitting the Government, in 1852, left upon record, in an official 
despatch, his opinion " that the Indian army was in a condition which 
could not be improved." Another authorilyf should be mentioned, 
who^even before Sir Charles Napier's warning— wrote a pamphlet, 
proving that the admission of the priestly caste of Brahmins into the 
ranks of our Indian army, in spile of the positive prohibitions limiting 



* For Colonel Markbam's ' 



» ace AppmJii. \ Colonel Hodgson. 



■■i2m RE( 

their employnient, was the occiision of engendering and fomenting 
discord and sedilioti among the native troops. Another source of 
danger, was ihe way which native officers were promoted who never 
evinced the slightest consciousness of the duty ihey owed to their 
own rank or to the Government, but to all intents and purposes 
remained in all their feelmgs and sentiments as ordinary soldiers. 
The denuding of the native regiments of their European officers 
was believed to be another cause— whatever it was, or who was to 
blame, it is difficult to say — -the opportunity was taken of the with- 
drawal of more troops for China than could be spared, the disaffection 
so long suppressed, but so ominously sending forth muttered warnings, 
at length broke forth in terrible reality. It was in the month of 
January, 1857, that the earliest symptoms of revoh manifested them- 
selves. There had been awkward and mysterious movements at work 
from an earlier period; which, had they been investigated at the 
time, might have revealed the plot and averted the calamity. 

The story of the cakes and the lotus flowers* which was forwarded 
from regiment to regiment of the Bengal army, was at first laughed at 
as a practical joke, or an act of unmeaning absurdity. It was too 
palpable, judging from subsequent events, that it was no joke, but the 
machinery for setting in operation a deeply organized conspiracy. 
With respect to the cakes, it was said that after the Sepoys had 
partaken of them, they were informed that the said cakes contained 
powdered bones of cows and pigs, and that thus they had lost caste. 
But another cause of alarm and jealousy was the cartridges served 
out for the new Enfield rifles, and which, as was industriously 
rumoured, were greased with pig's fat. There is no question now that 
all these reports were set in motion by the Mussulman portion of the 
population, whose object was to destroy the power of the Christians 
and to resume their long-lost ascendancy. 

The first discontents, originating with these unhappy greased 
cartridges, were in vain met by explanation and assurances of the 
groundlessness of the offensive suspicions they had given rise to, Aa 
no amount of explanation would satisfy the remonstrants, they were 

• lllttstreUed Undon Navi, Novembet, 1857. 



162. 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



permitled lo make up their own cartridges; they then transferred 
Iheir objections lo the paper supplied them ; and what was at first 
respectful remonstrance became permanent and growing disaffection. 
In February, the 19th Native Regiment broke into open mutiny at 
Berhampore, and was shortly afterwards disbanded. The 34th Native 
Regiment afterwards displayed '.he grossest form of mutiny, and 
shared the fate of the 19th Native Regiment. From this period the 
Mutiny rapidly extended, and— starting from the neighbourhood of 
Calculta^tbe poison of disloyalty swept like u strong wind up the 
Ganges and the Jumna ; its presence being marked by incendiary 
fires in many stations and a steady opposition lo the use of any 
cartridges served out by the Government. In May, ihe whole army 
was ripe for revolt ; yet, in spite of the symptoms which had shown 
themselves far and wide, the officers of the native regiments continued 
to repose complete confidence in their men, and to lake no precau- 
tions against the hideous calamities that already dawned above the 
horizon of the future. 

On 6th May the first overt act of organised rebellion occurred. 
The 3rd Light Cavalry, stationed at Meerut, were called out on 
parade and ordered to take these hateful cartridges. Eighty-five of 
them refused ; and, three days afterwards, at a court-martial, were 
sentenced— some lo six years' and others lo ten years' hard labour, 
in pursuance of which they were removed to the neighbouring gaol, 
shackled and ironed. 

Had plenty of firmness and decision been displayi.-d here, instead of 
weakness, the Mutiny might have been nipped in the bud. The 
following day was Sunday, and the cavalry joined hands with ihe 
infantry, and endeavoured to persuade ihem lo massacre the 
Europeans whilst they were in church. 

Colonel Finnis was shot whilst trying to recall his men to their 
duty ; and, in about an hour, scores of Europeans — men, women, and 
children — were murdered by the rebels, and the lines of the canton- 
ment were in a blaze. With a fairly large force of Europeans, the 
general failed to realize the gravity of the position until it was too 
late; in the meantime the mutineers made off in the direction of 
Delhi, which was reached on 11th May. They were quickly joined 



32nd KLCIIMKNT, 163 

by the men of the three native regiments which were protecting ihe 
magazines there; the city became the centre of rebellion, and the 
puppet king, who years before had been set up in pensioned stale, 
was proclaimed Emperor of India. 

It will hardly be believed, but — by some strange infatuation— in 
spile of repeated warnings the bigijest arsenal in India was left 
entirely under the protection of native regiments, with its hundreds 
of heavy guns, tens of thousands of stands of arms, millions of cart- 
ridges, and piles of munitions of war of all kinds; and the only 
resistance offered to the frenzied mutineers w.is at one of the 
magazines, which Lieutenants Willoughby and Forrest and four 
subordinates first defended and then blew up. All honour to their 
gallantry and devotion. 

The surprise of the British in Ihe north-west provinces and in 
centra! India was complete. For one entire month the rebel flag 
flaunted unchallenged at Delhi. During that month, and long after, 
a series of bloody events occurred which defy the imagination in its 
attempts to realize their horrors, and which fill the heart with horror, 
pity, and abiding indignation ; for, in every direction, during that 
fearful May, June, and July, lust, murder, and every abomination 
reigned almost unchecked. Officers were murdered at mess, 
congregations were butchered in churches, fugitives were caught in 
their vain attempt at flight and destroyed by hellish torments ; some 
died by the bullet, some by the sword, some in the flames. The revolt 
soon became universal ; the Bengal array had ceased to exist. By 
the end of June the British held not a single place in Oudh except 
Lucknow, gallantly kept by Sir Henry Lawrence and the 32nd 
Regiment ; and no place between Allahabad and Delhi, except Agra ; 
and not one post between the Juinna and the Himalaya mountains. 

Although we are not concerned here with the Punjaub, it may not 
be out of |)lace to say that it was saved by the judgment and decision 
of Sir John Lawrence, who immediately had every native regiment 
disarmed — where there was a force of Europeans sufficient to 
accomplish that object — and converted the Punjaub into a base of 
operations to act against Delhi ; and having brought his powerful 
personal influence to bear on Ihe Sikh nation, who threw in their lot 



4 



164 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 






with the British with the same zeal with which they had opposed them 
only a few years before. 

But we must not anticipate further, but let the story unfold itself as 
we proceed. 

The head-quarters of the regiment marched from Kussowlie on 
30th October, 1856, to relieve the 52nd Regiment, and arrived at ] 
Lucknow, the capital of the newly annexed province of Oudh, under | 
the command of Colonel (afterwards major-general) Sir John Inglis, I 
on 27th December of that year. About Christmas, 1856, cholera.' 
broke out, and the regiment lost some fifty men on the march , 
down, I 

Towards the end of March, 1857, Sir Henry Lawrence arrived at i 
Lucknow to take up the appointment of chief commissioner in Oudh, | 
and noted among the difficulties he encountered : 

1. — A general agitation of the empire, from the discontent of the , 

native soldiery. 
2 — A weak European force in Oudh, and all its military ' 

arrangements defective. ' 

3. — Grievous discontent among various classes of the Oudh 

population. 

The troops in and about Lucknow, at this time, consisted of the . 
7lh Light Cavalry, the 13th, 48th, and 71st Bengal Native Infantry, i 
two regiments of Oudh Local Infantry, and large bodies of irregular* I 
and police ; making altogether a force of over seven thousand native 
troops of all arms, in whose hands were most of the guns and 
all the transport. To leaven this mass were the 32nd Regiment 
(one of only two European regiments then to be found between 
Meerut and Dinapur) and a weak company of Bengal European 
Artillery — about seven hundred Europeans in all. It had been part 
of the Government policy to show that the Dalhousie annexations 
required no display of (European) armed force. 

Lawrence, at his own request, was appointed brigadier-general, | 
which gave him command of all the troops in Oudh. In April, the i 
menacing appearance of the Nana Sahib in the streets of Lucknow ' 
announced to those in the secret the impending catastrophe. But all 



32nd regiment. 



165 



through the month Lawrence, although the attitude of (he native 
troops gave him great anxiety, was striving indefatigably "to pacify 
" the classes on whom some reliance might be placed, or to redress or 
"mitigate whatever grievances might admit of remedy or palliation." 
With the month of May came more anxious and discouraging duties. 
On the 3rd of that month it was found necessary to disarm the 7lh 
Oudh Infantry, whose lines were about seven miles distant from 
Lucknow, and who had flatly refused to use the new cartridges. The 
service was performed by the 32nd Regiment and some native troops 
from Lucknow the same night. 

" It was ticklish work," wrote Lawrence, " taking the 48th Native 
" Infantry down on Sunday night, but I thought they were safer in 
'• our company than behind us in cantonments. We had to pass for 
" two miles through the city ; indeed, H.M.'s 32nd had four miles of 
" it. I, therefore, hesitated in moving after dark ; but the moon was 
" in its third quarter, and the first blow is everything. So off we 
" started, and concentrated from four points, having done the seven 
" miles in about three hours." 

The moon rose in a cloudless sky as the brigade debouched on the 
7ih's lines, and the mutineers saw their game was up. The word of 
command was promptly obeyed ; many of the Sepoys had expressed 
their contrition, when a false alarm that the guns were about to open 
upon them caused a general stampede of ihe mutineers, of whom 
only a handful stayed by their European officers. The brigade then 
collected the arms and accoutrements, and returned to Lucknow 
shortly after midnight " The coup, it is said, had a great effect," 
Lawrence wrote lo Lord Canning. But events were hastening. On 
7th May the lines of the 48th Native Infantry outside Lucknow 
were burnt, evidently by an incendiary, and in retaliation for the share 
borne by the battalion in the business of Sunday night. Within a 
week the news of the outbreaks at Mecrut and Delhi was known far 
and wide throughout the city. Sir Henry Lawrence lost no time in 
concentrating supplies at certain points, those selected for the purpose 
being ihe Muchee Bowun, a deserted fort occupying rather a com- 
mandiDg position, and the Residency, about three-quarters of a mile 
from it. 



J 




HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



t given 
major- ] 



The history of the regiment during the period ensuing is best 
in the words of ihe Report drawn up by Major (afterwards 
general) Lowe, c.B., who commanded the 32nd Regiment at the famous 
defence of the Residency. 

Writing from Cawnpore, on 13th December, 1857, that distinguished 
officer reports ; 

"On 16lh May last, the regiment being in barracks at Lucknow, 
" with a depot composed of weakly and married men and their 
" families al Cawnpore,* orders were received for two companies lo 
" proceed lo the City Residency, under my command, with four guns 
'■ for its protection, and whither the sick and those women (with the 
"regiment) were also conveyed. The remainder of the regiment 
" marched, early on the 17th, three miles from the city, in which were 
"cantoned the Native Infantry regiments, lo overawe whom their 
" presence was necessary. These moves occurred at ihe very height 
"of the hot season, and from that day the 32nd has, I may say, been 
"constantly on duty (until relieved on the 22nd November), sleeping 
" in their clothes, their arms by their side, ready for any emergency, 
"amidst the most trying weather, the hot winds of May and June, 
"and the subsequent heavy rains of the wet season, and from the 
" 30th June to 32nd November constantly exposed to the shot and 
" shell of the enemy. 

" On the 19th May a fort in the city, called Muchee Bowun, was 
" occupied by some detachments of Native Infantry and a company 
" (subsequently strengthened by another) of the 32nd Regiment from 
"cantonments. The morning of the 20ih, at three hours' notice, I 
"was ordered to Cawnpore, with a party of one subaltern (Lieutenant 
" Harmar) and fifty men, an outbreak being expected there. The 
" party was conveyed in dak carriages, and, travelling all day (except 
"a hall for cooking), reached Cawnpore at 9 p.m. We were accom- 
" panied by two squadrons of Irregular Cavalry, who concealed their 
" mutinous intentions on this march ; but subsequenli)', when detached 
"separately towards Delhi, mutinied and killed three officers with 



33nD REGlMtNV. 



" them. No outbreak occurred, but we were kept constantly on the 
" alert in daily and hourly expectation of one, the whole of the men 
"sleeping by the guns every night until 30th May, when, reinforce- 
" nienls (rom Calcutta having arrived, and more being daily expected, 
" my party was permitted to return to Lucknow that night, and 
" thereby escaped the melancholy fate of the depot of the regiment, 
" the details of which will long ere this have reached you. The exact 
" number of killed at Cawnpore I, however, enclose herewith. 

"The company under my command reached Lucknow on the 
" morning of the 31st, in carriages as before. The previous night 
"the Sepoys rose in cantonments, burning and plundering whatever 
" they could. The 32nd were kept under arms protecting the guns 
"and lo prevent the mutineers reaching the city and spreading the 
" confusion. The garrison of the Residency and fort were on the 
" alert all night, and under arms. The guns and head-quarters, of the 
"32nd, with a few cavalry, were sent out seven or eight miles in pursuit 
"of the mutineers, when several were captured. That evening the 
"garrisons of both Residency and' fort were strengthened by a 
"company from cantonments and more guns. 

"Colonel Inglis having been appointed lo the command of the 
" troops in both these places, Lieutenant-Colonel Case assumed the 
'■ command of the regiment, the head-quarters being still in canton- 

" The regiment remained now for a month in three detachments, as 
" before staled, the duties devolving on them being very harassing, 
"whilst towards the close of it cholera made its appearance in the fort, 
■' fortunately not with much virulence, but tending greatly to dispirit 
" the min there. Those in the Residency had a great deal of duty in 
" the heat of the day, and barely a relief from the guns at night. 
" Those in cantonments slept accoutred every night near the guna 

"On 11th June a party went out from the Residency under Captain 
" Bassano {32nd), with two guns and some cavalry, the whole under 
"command of Colonel Inglis, in pursuit of some police who had 
" deserted, after plundering some houses. They were overtaken, and 
" some killed and taken prisoners. The heal during the expedition 



168 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" was most overpowering, and one roan of the regiment died i 
"apoplexy inconsequence. 

"Towards ihe end of the monih (June, 1857), the Native troopsT 
" having mutinied all over Oudh and the stations, their approach to 
" Lucknow was reported in large numbers (the greater portion of the 
"Sepoys, who had remained faithful to their colours had been sent 
" to their homes on furlough). The head-quarters, 32nd, were sent 
" into the fort, detaching another company to join the four already in 
" the Residency. 

" Such was the position of affairs in Lucknow on 29th June, 1857." 

General Lowe further reports : — 

" Having been left in command of the remainder of the 32nd in the 
"Residency, I am unable to give any details of the action which 
" occurred at the village of Chinhut, about eight miles off, but the 33nd 
"suffered a very heavy loss for the numbers engaged, the principal 
"one being the irreparable and deeply-io-be-lamensed loss of 
" Lieutenant-Colonel Case. 

"The force having relumed into Lucknow, were closely followed 
" by overpowering numbers of the rebels, who soon commenced 
"a heavy (ire upon both Residency and fort. We thus found 
" ourselves besieged in both places at once, much sooner than 
" was anticipated, before the completion of our defences, and 
" unfortunately with diminished garrisons, the greater portion of the 
" native artillerymen having deserted, in addition to the heavy losses 
" of the regiment. It was therefore decided that the fort should be 
" blown up, and the garrison make the best of their way to the 
" Residency. 

" At 12 o'clock on the night of 1st July, the garrison evacuated the 
" fort, and reached the Residency, three-quarters of a mile off, with 
" their guns all safe, without a shot having been fired at them, or 
"their departure being apparently noticed. They had just got 
"within the gales when the train they had left reached the magazine 
" of the fort, and the ford itself was blown up into the air with a most 
"terrific explosion. The accomplishment of this without any 
" molestation from the enemy must have arisen either from the rebels 



L 



J REGIMENT. 

"resting after their two days' previous exertions, or being engaged 
"plundering other parts of the city, which is of immense size, 
"Though the ahove was attended with such signal success, it 
"unavoidably occasioned most severe losses to the 32nd Regiment, 
"whose head-quarters were there. Nearly the whole of the 
"regimental records, from 18i6 to the present time, the whole of our 
"band instruments, a collection of valuable music, and the greater 
" part of the paymaster's and quartermaster's books had to be 
" abandoned. 

" The safe arrival of the garrison at the Residency thus so 
" successfully accomplished, raised the spirits of all, and the defences 
" now being adequately manned, we prepared for the defence with 
" renewed energy. 

" The late lamented Sir Henry Lawrence being mortally wounded 
"on 2nd July, the command of the garrison devolved upon Colonel 
" Inglis, and I had the honour ot succeeding to the command of the 
"regiment at a most trying time — it having been deprived of its 
" former commanding officer, its adjutant, and a great number of the 
"oldest and best non-commissioned officers (including three colour- 
" sergeants) and soldiers How nobly the others have followed their 
" example during the long siege they have gone through, it will be my 
"duly to show. 

" The enemy proceeded vigorously with the siege, and the 
" regiment was soon deprived of more of its officers and men. On 
" 6th July a sortie was most gallantly made, led by the late Captain 
" MansJield and Lieutenant Lawrence, to drive the enemy out of a 
"house adjoining part of our defences. Great bravery and zeal was 
" shown, and the objects in view were accomplished. 

" A mine havinj; been sprung on 20th July, with no damage, 
"however, resulting, a most determined attack was made by the 
"enemy, who, however, were repulsed everywhere, owing to ihe 
" bravery shown by the garrison, who repulsed them with heavy 
" loss. 

"The enemy kept up for some hours the most tremendous and 
" incessant fire of musketry and round shot in every direction. Their 
" attention was directed to try and undermine our defences, and the 



170 inSTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



" sen'ices of some Cornish and Derbyshire miners among the men 
" were availed of lo countermine and throw out listening galleries 
" several places, to fiustrate the enemy's intentions. With the 
"assistance of the Native Infantry officers and working parties from 
" these, the most fortunate results were obtained, as only three mines 
" out of twenty were exploded by the enemy with any success, the 
"rest having failed, or been destroyed by us under the direction, of 
" course, of the engineer officers. 

" The enemy's guns were in the meantime doing great damage to 
" our defences and outposts, several of which were hardly lenahle. 
"The Residency itself was reduced to a most ruinous and unsafe 
" condition; part of it fell down and buried six men o( the 32nd, 
"two only of which were extricated alive, and recovered. Men were 
"killed and wounded even in the hospital itself. 

" A second general aiiiack was made by the enemy on 10th 
"August, which was repulsed as before. On 2 1st August a house 
" from which the enemy annoyed us very much, having been under- 
" mined by us, was blown up, and jmrties of the 32nd and 84lh 
"detachment, under Captain McCabe and Lieutenant Browne, were 
" sent out to spike two guns and destroy a mine of the enemy's, 
"This was accomplished in ihe most gallant manner. Lieutenant 
" Browne was the first man up al one of the guns. 

"Cholera had made its appearance again during the siege, and 
" Captain Mansfield and several men and one woman of the regiment 
"fell victims to it. 

" Towards the end of September the expectations of relief, so often 
"doomed to disappointment, began to be raised again, and on the 
" 25th of that month the force under Sir H. Havelock arrived at the 
" Residency, having cut iheir way through the city with great loss. 

"Thus was concluded the first period of the defence. For 
"eighty-seven days, ofifirers and men had been on duty night and 
" day ; as their numbers were insufficient lo admit of regular reliefs, 
" it was necessary lo change the men daily al some of the more 
" exposed posts ; besides which, there had been fatigue duties of the 
" most incessant and laborious kind, in which officers, soldiers, and 
"civilians shared alike. 



1 

men j 

s in I 



32nd begiment. 171 

'' After the arrival of the reinforcements, Sir James Outram took up 
" the command, which he had waived in favour of Havelock, and the 
"forces being divided between the Residency and an entrenched 
"position at the Alumbagh, four miles out of the city, the defence 
"proceeded." 

Refening to the morning after the arrival of the reinforcements, 
General Lowe's report proceeds : — 

" A parly of one hundred and fifty of the 32nd under my command 
"was sent to drive the enemy from the posts they occupied on 
"the river side of the Residency. This was not effected without 
"some loss, and I had to deplore the loss of Captain Hughes, 57th 
" Native Infantry, who had been attached to, and done duty with, the 
"regiment during the siege, and had shown great zeal and attention 
"to his duties. He was mortally wounded in forcmg the door of a 
'' house occupied by the enemy. The objects he had in view were 
"obtained, and one eighteen -pounder, one nine-pounder, one six- 
" pounder, and three smaller guns were brought in, besides mortars 
" being spiked, and a great number of the enemy shot and drowned 
" in crossing the river. The nine-pounder gun was captured in the 
" most gallant manner by Lieutenant Lawrence and a party of the 
"Light Company, just as the second round was about to be tired at 
"them. 

" The same day one htmdred men of the regiment under my com- 
" mand, were sent out with Sir H. Havelock's force to reinforce the guard 
"over the heavy guns, ammunition, and baggage which had not been 
" extricated from a dangerous position they had got into the evening 
"before. The enemy commanded their road to the Residency with 
" a heavy fire of musketry and round shot. 

"Towards dusk the party of the 3i!nd was moved to the furtherest 
"end of the position, with orders lo remain until the heavy guns and 
" the 90th, who formed the rear guard, had retired, whom we were 
" to follow. This was done towards morning, and, withdrawing my 
"look-out sentries, the .t2nd slowly retired, protectmg the rear of the 
" whole, without our departure being perceived. The baggage and 
"guns reached the Residency through a palace, which had fallen into 



175 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" our hands the day before, and we had not entered the latter long 
"before the enemy made a most determined attack upon it. Mount- 
"ing the wall of a garden they had occupied unknown to us, they 
" began firing down upon the troops below. But the !ale Captain 
"McCabe, with the most dislinguised bravery, led a party of volun- 
" leers of the 5th, 32nd, and 90th into the garden, and the enemy 
" who were inside, very soon paid the penalty of their temerity, very 
"few escaping. I, unfortunatelj", received a wound in the foot veiy 
" soon after, which com[>elled me to hand over the command of the 
"regiment to Captain Bassano, and I could not resume it until after 
"our relief by H.E. Sir Cohn Campbell's force. 

"Several sorties were made from this time to 1st October, in all of 
" which the 32nd were engaged and bore a distinguished pari. 

" On 27th September, the loss of our small parly was three killed 
" and five wounded. On 39th September three sorties were made 
"simultaneously. Captain McCabe, I deeply regret to slate, was 
"mortally wounded, conducting one— hit in four places, he survived 
" but two days. Lieutenant Cook commanded another and was first 
"in at an embrasure of the enemy's, whose gun was captured. Lieu- 
" tenant ICdmondstoune was engaged at another point. His party of 
" 32nd, joined to 64th and 81ih detachments, were most successful 
"in spiking six guns, and one, a iwenty-four pounder, they were 
" enabled lo destroy. Lieutenant Edmondsloune was slightly wounded. 
"On Isl Oclober, Lieutenant Cook was again out with a parly of 
" 32nd, covering a party employed destroying houses occupied by the 
"enemy. The same day a party of 33nd, attached to the Madras 
" Fusdiers, went out and remained for iwo days in possession of 
" houses outside, but were eventually withdrawn. 

" No more sorlies were made after, as the ground by the river was 
" no longer occupied by the enemy. Fewer casualties occurred, bul 
"[he long siege had had its effect upon a great number of men, who 
" began lo show symptoms of scurvy. 

"On 18th November [he forces under HE. the Commander-in- 
"Chief having cleared the nutskir[s of the city, a junction was 
" effected with the garrison ; the sick and wounded and women and 
"children were conveyed nexlday lolhe camp in the Dilkooshah Park, 



32nd regiment. 173 

" and on the night of 22nd November the Residency and its defences 
'* were evacuated finally, the regiment coming out under the command 
"of Captain Bassano, the enemy offering no molestation, nor being 
"apparently aware of our departure. The 32nd Regiment was thus 
" relieved of the anxious charge which had devolved principally upon 
" them for so many months." 

General Lowe then refers to the conduct of the "whole of the 
" officers, who nobly sustained the honour of the regiment and their 
" character as soldiers/' and acknowledges the most unremitting zeal 
they evinced and the cheerful support they afforded him on all 
occasions. Of the non-commissioned officers and men, he says : — 

"Their conduct throughout was most praiseworthy; their duties 
" for this long time have been most harassing ; their want of the usual 
" comforts has been borne with the utmost cheerfulness." 

The following were the regimental casualties between the 31st of 
May and the 22nd of November, 1857 : 



Killed. 












Officers 


Sergts. 


Drs. 


Rk. & File 


Total. 


Murdered, 31st May - - 


• • • 


• • • 


1 


• • • 


1 


Killed at Chinhut, 30th June 


4 


8 


2 


101 


115 


Killed during defence - - 


1 


3 


2 


37 


43 


Died of wounds - - - 


6 


5 


2 


59 


72 


Died of disease - - - - 


1 


8 


• • • 


54 


63 


Killed at Cawnpore - - 


3 


7 


1 


74 


85 




15 


31 


8 


325 


379 


Wounded. 












Officers 


Sergts. 


Drs. 


Rk. & File 


Total. 


At Chinhut, 30th June - - 


1 


2 


• • • 


33 


36 


During defence - - - - 


10 


9 


7 


147 


173 




11 


11 


7 


180 


209 



Brigadier Inglis was given the rank of major-general from 26th 
September, 1857, and made K.C.B. ; Major Lowe was made brevet 
lieutenant-colonel and C.B. ; Captains Bassano, Lawrence, Edmond- 
stoune, and Foster were made brevet majors ; Lieutenants Cook, 



r 



. RKCORDs nr ■ 



i 



Browne, and Cleiy were gazetted captains in the tlien newly raised 
100th Royal Canadians; Major Bassano was subsequently made 
brevet lieutenant-coMnel and C.B. 

The following letters relate to the before quoted report : — 
"Horse Guards, S.W., 

" ilth Februan'. 1868. 
"Sir, — 1 have had ihe honour to lay before the General Commanding' 
" in Chief the very dear and interesting report which you forwarded lo 
" me detailing the services of the 32nd Regiment in Ihe defence of the 
" Residency of Lucknow, and I am commanded by His Royal Highness 
" to express lo you the high sense which he entertains of the noble 
" conduct of all the officers and men of the corps during this trying period. 
" His Royal Highness had great satisfaction in bringing the conduct of 
"the troops to the special notice of Her Majest/s Government, and is 
" greatly gratified lo be enabled to inform you that Her Majesty's Govem- 
" ment have acceded to his recommendations, as announced in Parliament 
" yesterday evening, that the officers and men shall be allowed to count 
" one year's service towards their retirement and pension, in acknowledg- 
" meni of the bravery and endurance which they displayed. 

" I have &c. 
"(Signed) C. YORKE. 
" To Major Lowe, 32nd Regiment" 



^ 



" Horse Guards, S.W., I 

" 17th Februar)-, 1868. 
" Sir,— With reference to my letter of ihe fllh Instant, I have the honour 
" by direction of the (General Commanding in Chief to transmit for your 
" information the accompanying copy of a leiier from Lord Panmure, 
" conveying the expression of the very high sense entertained by Hei 
" Majesty's Government of ihe heroic conduct of the regiment under your 
" command at Lucknow, and concurring in His Royal Highness' proposal 
" ihat the officers, non-commissioned officers, and men of ihe regiment 
" who served during the siege should be allowed to reckon a year's sen'ice 
"as a special mark of approbation on the part of their Sovereign and 
" country. 

" I have &c 
"(Signed J C. YoRKE. 
" To Major Lowe or Officer Commanding 32nd Regiment," 



Li 



"I 



I REGIMKNT, 



178 



[copy of enclosure.] 

' War Office, 

" I2th Februar>-, 1858. 

" Sir,— i have the honour to receive Vour Royal Highness' letter of 4th 
" InsL enclosing a report from Major Lowe, commanding the 32nd 
" Regiment, in which he gives a detailed narrative of the services rendered 
" by that corps daring the siege of Lueknow. 

" I have perused this report with great gratification and deep emotion. 

" I sincerely congratulate Your Royal Highness upon the glory which 
" this distinguished corps have added to Her Majesty's arms, and I have 
"to convey to Your Royal Highness an expression of the admiration with 
"which these heroic achievemenis have been viewed by Her Majesty's 
"Government, and the deep sympathy which Ihey entertain for the many 
" casualties from which the regiment has suffered. 

" Her Majesty's Government not only concur in Your Royal Highness' 
" piiiposal that the services of this distinguished band of heroes should 
"reckon, as regards officers, one year's service towards retirement on full 
"or half-pay ; and, as regards non-commissioned officers and men, one 
"year's additional service towards pension on discharge; but that the 
"same measure should be extended to the surviving officers and men 
"belonging to any other of Her Majesty's regiments serving in Lueknow 
"on this memorable occasion. 

" I have &c. 
" (Signed) Panmure. 
"To H.R.H. the General Commanding in Chief." 

The 32nd officers present at the Defence of the Residency of 
Lueknow were as hereunder : 

Colonel Inglis, (afterwards Major-General Sir I, Inglis, k.CB.) 
commanding garrison, appointed brigadier, vice Sir H. Lawrence; 
wounded during defence, but not included in Regimental Returns; 
died 186L Major E. W. D. Lowe, (now Major-General E. D. I,owe, 
C.B.) commanding the 32nd, appointed regimental major, rUe Colonel 
Case; twice wounded, once severely. Captains: Mansfield, died of 
cholera during defence; Power, killed in Residency, 2nd July; 
Bassano, severely wounded.* Lieutenants ; S. Lawrence, (afterwards 



• The late Major-Cenerals Bi 
he sortie of 29lh aeptember. 



e mortally wounded 




17« 



HISTORICAL RECnRDS OF THE 



Captain and Brevel Major Lawrence, V.C., 32nd) 
E^mondstnune, (afterwards major and breret cotoael) 
wounded, once severely ; Pelham Webb, killed, 2ad August 
C. M. Fouet, wounded ; C. Ckry, (afterwards lieuIenaoKolond 
hftlf^pajr, 32nd) since dead ; Cook, {afterwards Lienteiuuit 
Colonel Cook, lOOth Regiment) wounded. Ensigns: Charltoq 
daogeroasly wounded, 13th Jitly, since dead; Studdy, killed, 
Ai^int. Staff- Pa yrnaslcr Giddings, (afterwards major and paynasieri 
half-pay) acted as regimental adjutant during the defence, sai 
dead. Stirgeon Scott, u.d., (afterwards surgeon-major, ud, cb.] 
principal medical officer in the Residency during the defence, since 
dead. Ai«iitant-5ufgcon Boyd, in medical charge of 32nd Regiment 
and of European general hospital during defence, since deacL 
Quarter- Master Wilkinson, 31st, was present as regimental-sergeanl* 
major, 32nd ; and Quarter- .Master Vaughan, 32nd, as schoolmasto^ 
nergcant during defence, since dead. Attached to 32nd: Captam 
Hughes, late 57th Native Infantry, and -Assist ant-Surgeon Dart^ 
K.i.cs., both killed, and included in 32nd casualties.* 

It may be interesting here to give — 

Sir Henbv Lawhence's Line of Defence. 

The line of defence had been formed by Sir Henry Lawrence and 
his brave associates with consummate skill. It consisted of a ditch 
and parapet, at the edge of which the ground begins to descend, and 
a long space of high ground was taken advantage of to construct b 
tiatlcry, named the Redan. The ditch and parapet nearly encircled 
the Treasury, and ended at the Baillie guard gate, near Doctor Fayrer^ 
house. From this up to the Thuggee gaol the defence consisted of 
the compound walls, with ditch and palisade inside and barricades 
across ihc lanes which separated the compounds. The left comer of. 
the Thuggee gaol was on the prolongation of the Cawnpore road. 
Here, therefore, a battery was constructed, merely to sweep tba( 



* A nMninril roll of all officen, members of ih« uncovenanted service, lidicti 
KiiropMii women and children in the Residency during the defcncf U given in 

UitJoK Ga-MIt EMraanlitiary of 17lh Febiuary. 1859, v 
nubsequcnt giuetles. 



32nd regiment. 177 

road, its position not enabling it to be put to any other use ; the 
supposition being that our great source of danger was the advance 
and attack of troops from Cawnpore. The walls of the Thuggee 
gaol and the native houses, with stockading in front, were the line of 
defence there ; a parapet and ditch and the walls of outhouses 
encircled Mr. Gubbins' compound. The walls of the Residency out- 
houses were again the defence there ; thence a parapet following the 
edge of the high ground formed the boundary up to Lieutenant Innes' 
house, from which point a deep ditch to the Redan completed the line 
of defence. Most of the houses bordering close on the entrenchments 
had been levelled, except those on the Cawnpore battery side, but a 
few that would probably serve to traverse the former from artillery had 
been left standing. These, and every building within musketry range, 
became filled with the enemy's sharpshooters, who were able, 
especially with the eight-inch Howitzers taken some time before at 
Chinhut, to keep up a most mischievous and deadly fire. 

Though symptoms of disaffection had been for some time previously 
apparent in the vicinity of Lucknow, no military demonstration was 
made by the British troops until 16th May, 1857. The 32nd Regi- 
ment was then in barracks, at Lucknow, having a depot of the weakly 
and married men, with their families, at Cawnpore. 

The sick and women who were with the head-quarters were 
removed to the Residency, and two companies of the regiment, 
under the command of Captain Lowe, with four guns, proceeded 
there for its protection. 

The remainder of the regiment marched the following day about 
three miles out of the city, and encamped at a place called Murrohow, 
where two native infantry regiments were cantoned, to overawe them, 
if necessary. 

These movements took place at the very height of the hot season, 
and from this time until relieved — 22nd November — the men 
may be said to have been constantly on duty, sleeping in their clothes, 
with their arms by their sides. They were ever ready for any 
emergency that might have arisen, and this, too, when the hot winds 
of May and June would have been alone sufficient to enfeeble the 



ITS 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



energies of the stoutest, and when the subsequent heavy rains of 
wet season spread fever and dysentiy wherever they prevailed. 
the exhausting effects of exposure to an Indian climate at its moal 
nnhealthy season were by no means the sole evils to which the sab 
sequent defenders of the Residency were to be exposed, for th^ 
were soon surrounded by innamerabie foes and shut up in a place Hi 
fortilied, and every straggling man who could even crawl to his poa 
was conslanlly exposed to the shot and shell of an ever-increasini 
enemy. 

On l!Hh May a fort in the centre of the city, called the Machee 
Bawen, was occupied by a company of the regiment and some detacl^ 
ments of native infantry from cantonments. This force was subs&r 
quently strengthened by another company of the regiment 

On Ihe morning of 20th May, Captain Lowe proceeded to Cawnpore^f 
on three hours" notice, with a party of one subaliern (Ueutenant 
Harman) and fifty men, as — from information received — an outbreak 
was anticipated in that place. The party was conveyed in Dak! 
carriages, and, with the exception of one halt for cooking, travelled 
all day, reaching Cawnpore about 9 p.m. 

They were accompanied by two squadrons of irregular cavalry, who) 
for (he time, concealed their traitorous disposition ; but, when sepm 
atcly detached towards Delhi, mutinied and killed three of tbdl 
officers. 

No outbreak occuned at this time at Cawnpore, but the troopi 
were kept constantly on the alert, in hourly expectation that one 
would take place. The whole of Ihe men slept by the guns at nigh^- 
so threatening was the attitude of ihe natives. This continued undt: 
reinforcements arrived from Calcutta, on the 30th of the month when 
the party of the regiment was allowed to return to Lucknow. 

The first serious outbreak of the Sepoys in the neighbourhood of 
I.ueknow look place on 30th May. On that night they rose 
lonmcnts and plundered and burned everything within reach Thc^ 
regiment was entirely employed in protecting the guns and pieventii 
the mutineers from Hearing the city. 

The gnrrisons of the Residency and fort were kept under arms ai 
on the alert all night. On the following morning the guns and 



L 



32nd regiment. 179 

quarters of the regiment were sent seven or eight miles in pursuit of 
the mutineers, of whom several were captured. The same evening 
the garrisons of both the Residency and fort were each strengthened 
by more guns and by a company of the regiment from cantonments. 

Colonel Inglis was appointed to the command of the troops at both 
these places, and Lieutenant-Colonel Case assumed command of the 
regiment; the headquarters being still in cantonments. Thus the 
regiment continued divided into three detachments for nearly a 
month. 

During this time the duties falling on the men were rendered 
harassing in the extreme by the constant vigilance everywhere 
required. Added to this, cholera now appeared in the fort ; fortu- 
nately, not with very great virulence. 

In the Residency the amount of duty lo be done in the heal of the 
day told most heavily, while the number of the garrison was so limited 
as to be barely sufficient for the relief of guards at night. 

The part of the regiment in cantonments was little belter off, being 
kept constantly under arms, and sleeping accoutred by night along- 
side the guns. 

On Uth June, a force, under the command of Colonel Inglis — 
consisling of a detachment of the regiment under Captain Bassano, 
three guns, and some cavalry — left the Residency in pursuit of a 
number of a native police, who deserted and plundered some houses 
in the city. The deserters were quickly overtaken. Some were 
killed, but a greater number captured. The heat during this expedi- 
tion was overpowering. One man of ihe regiment was struck down 
by the sun, and died from its effects the fnllowing day. 

Towards the end of this month the native troops openly mutinied 
all through Oudh and the neighbouring stations, and their approach 
in great numbers to I.ucknow was reported. 

The force in cantonments was accordingly broken up on 29lh June, 
and the Sepoys who had remained faithful were sent to their homes 
on indefinite furlough. 
The head-quarters of the regiment was removed to the fort, one com- 
pany being detached to join that already in Ihe Residency. 

The following morning (30th June) a force, comprising three huti- 



180 KITFORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



dred men of the regiment, commanded by Colonel Case, eleven 
and some native inlantry and cavalry \eh the ciljr al 6 o'clock, under 
Sir H. Lawrence, 10 meet ihe rebels, who were repotted to be then 
within eight miles of Lucknow. It was the general's design to meet 
the enemy at a disadvantage, either on its ent'ance into the saburbs 
of the city, or at the bridge across the Gokral, a small stream ialer- 
secting the Fy^bad road, about halfway between Lucknow and « 
village called ChinhuL 

Misled, ho-vever, by tlie reports of wayfarers — who stated that there 
were few or no men between Lucknow and Chinhui — he pushed on 
his force further than he originally intended, and suddenly came in 
with the enemy, in overwhelming numbers, at Chinhui, concealed 
behind a long line of trees. The European troops and native infantry, 
with an eight-inch Howitzer, held the enemy for a time in check, and, 
had six guns of the Oudh artillery been iailhfut— and the Sikh 
cavalry shown a better front — even the immense disparity of numbers 
would not have saved them from comnlete discomtilure. But the 
prcmeditaLed treachery (hitherto carefully concealed) of the Oudh 
gunners was fated lo bring disaster on those whose friends they pre- 
tended to be. When ordered into action, the drivers overturned the 
guns into the ditches, cut the traces of their horses, and then aban- 
doned them, regardless of the remonstrances of their own ofiicerB, 
notwithstanding the exertions of Ihe general's staff, headed by Sir 
Henry himself. 

Deprived so unexpectedly of the greater part of its artillery, exposed 
to vastly su[>erior 6re from the enemy, and completely out-flanked on 
both sides by an innumerable body of infantry and cavalry, the force 
was compelled to retire, having sustained a heavy loss in killed and 
wounded, and three pieces of artillery— the resuU of the treachery t>f 
the Oudh gunners. 

The hei-t during this eventful day is said to have been excessive — 
even for that burning climate— and, in the hurried march back to 
Lucknow, many who escaped the shot and shell of the enemy sank 
exhausted under the sun's more destructive influence. 

The gun ammunition, too, soon becoming expended— together with 
the almost total want of cavalry lo protect the rear — made the retreat 



im, ^ 



32nd regiment. 181 

more disastrous. Among the many serious casualties that befel the 
troops engaged, there were none more irreparable or more deservedly 
regretted than that of Lieutenant-Colonel Case, who was mortally 
wounded while gallantly leading the regiment. His high reputation 
as a most able officer made his loss the more keenly felt in the trying 
events that soon after followed. 

"The village of Ishmaelpore was filled with the enemy's sharp- 
" shooters. Colonel Case, at the head of the 32nd men, gallantly led 
"them up to it, but fell, struck by a bullet Had he lived he would 
*' probably have succeeded in clearing the village ; Captain Bassano 
" (afterwards General Bassano, c.b.) seeing the colonel fall, went up to 
" assist him. ' Captain Bassano,' was the noble speech of the wounded 
" hero, * leave me to die here, your place is at the head of your com- 
" pany, I have no need of assistance ! ' Captain Bassano was 
" shortly after this wounded in the leg. 

" A man named Johnson, of the Cavalry, formerly a private of the 
" 32nd, performed a deed of daring, which saved one of the guns. 
" Seeing it abandoned in the retreat, he galloped up to it — the enemy, as 
*' usual, retiring on his approach — dismounted, and making over his 
" horse to another soldier, mounted one of the artillery horses, and 
" safely brought the gun in. He was recommended for the Victoria 
" Cross. 

" The Sepoys who had remained faithful to us behaved with the 
" greatest gallantry, and assisted in bringing in wounded men of the 
•* 32nd, leaving their own wounded uncared for on the battle field. 

" Private Sampson of the 32nd was knocked off his saddle by a 
" musket shot in the head." * 

When Colonel Case was struck down, the command of the regiment 
devolved on Captain Stephens, who soon shared his predecessor's 
fate, as he shortly afterwards received his death-wound. The com- 
mand of the regiment then fell on Captain Mansfield, who — though 
he escaped and brought the remnant of the regiment into the 
Residency — was soon numbered among the cholera victims. 

On finding that his force was so immeasurably overmatched, Sir 



Rees, Siege of Luckncw, 



182 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Henry 1-awrence immediately commenced to fait back, having 
despatched a hasty message to I.ucknow to have the bridge over- 
the Goomtee protected, to enable his retiring force to cross over in 
safely. Lieutenant (afterwards major-general) Edmondstoune, a pro- 
mising young officer, was sent with bis company, and did his voik 
with the utmost gallantry. 

Sadly thinned in numbers, the force succeeded in again reaching 
Lucknow, closely followed by ever-increasing rebels, who quickly 
opened a heavy and sustained fire on the Residency and fort. The 
occupants thus found iliemselves besieged in both places at once much 
sooner than was anticipated, and, as the defences were slill incomplete 
and the garrisons diminished bj the heavy losses the regiment had 
jusi sustained, in addition to the desertion of a great part of the 
native arliilery, their isolated position became precarious in the 
extreme. 

Before we proceed further, it would be as well to return to Ihe troops 
at Cawnpore, and see what had been happening there ; for the battle 
of Chinhut and the final scene at Cawnpore were within two days of 
one another, namely 30ih June and 1st July. 

The European troops now left at Cawnpore (not counting European 
officers and staff of revolted native regiments) consisted of the depot 
detachment of Her Majesty's 33rd Regiment, three officers, (Captain 
John Moore, Lieutenant F. Wainwright, and Ensign Evelyn Hill) seven 
sergeants, one drummer, and seventy-four rank and file;* detach- 
ments of Her Majesty's 84th Regiment and Madras Fusiliers, a feyv 
details each ; and Bengal European Artillery.t 

On Tuesday, 4th June, the 2nd Cavalry broke out into open revolt, 
and the other native corps speedily followed suit. At dawn on the 
6lh, the Nana, throwing ofl^ all reserve, announced his intention of 
attacking the British camp. By noon, on Sunday, many guns, drawn 
from the Cawnpore arsenal, had been placed round at safe distances, 



* VTilh IhcSSnd Dep6( were four ladies (Mrs. Moore, Mrs. and Miss Wain- 
wiighl, and Mrs. Hill), forly-onc European women, and fifly-four children belong- 
ing lo ihc r^meni. 

t No exact return of numbers has been found. 




32SD RECIMENT. 

10 rake the entrenchments, and twenty-four-pound shot were crashing 
through the doors and windows of the two buildings within, every shot 
being the signal for heartrending shrieks or low wailings, more heart- 
rending still. Within the enclosure, about a quarter of an acre in 
extent, were gathered all the Christiaii population of Cawnpore and 
the districts roundabout, or, rather, all who had eluded the murderous 
riot of the two preceding days — a mixed and feeble company, to the 
full sum of a thousand souls. Of these, four hundred and sixty-five 
were men of all ages and professions (the troops included), and over 
six hundred women and children. Under European officers, all the 
men capable of bearing arms were told off to posts in the entrench- 
ment and in certain unfmished " puckah " buildings outside its south- 
western angle, one of which, known as " Barrack No. 2," subsequently 
became the recognised key of the British position — the scene of many 
an act of unrecorded heroism. Sir Hugh being unequal to the fatigue 
involved, the active conduct of the defence devolved, informally, on 
the senior Queen's officer present — Captain Moore,* 32nd regiment, 
a valiant Irish officer of some sixteen years standing, who 
had fought with the regiment in the second Sikh war. When 
once fire was opened, the irremediable defects of the site chosen for 
the entrenchment became apparent The Dragoon hospital was en- 



* The late Colonel Mowbray Thompson, one of the si 
rih:— 



, thus leslifies ti 



hisw 



" Captain John Moore, who was ihc life and aolil of our defence, was a tall, fait 
" man, with light blue eyes, I t>etieTe an Irishman. He was in commnnd of the 
"invalid Dep6l of Her Majesiy's 32ad R^menl when the Mutiny broke out. 
" Thioughout all the harassing duties that devolved upon lilm he never lost deter- 
" minalion oi enei^. Though the liltle band of men at hia direction was doily 
" lessened by death, he was cheerful and animated to the last, and inspired sU around 
" him with a share of his wonderful endurance and vivacity. He visited every one of 
" the pIcquelE daily, and sometimes two or three limes a day, speaking wocdg of 
" encouragement to everyone of ua. Hi» nevet-say-die disposition nerved many a 
"sinking heart (olhe conflict, and bisaffable, tender sympathy imparted fresh patience 
" to the EufTering women. Mrs. Moore sometimes came aoross with him to our £ar- 
" rack {tio, 2 building), and we titled up a little hut for bei, made with baml>oos 
"and covered with canvas, and I here she would sit foi hours bravely l«aring the 
" absence of het husband while he was gone on tome hajtaidous enterprise. She, 
"poor creature, was among the number who unhappily survived the siege and was 
"aftetwards muidered in the House of Honon." 



184 



tireiy surrounded by large and solid buildings at distances varj-ing 
from three hundred to eight hundred yards ; buildings Irom which the 
assailants derived protection at least as effectual as that afibrded to 
the garrison by their improvised defences. 

From roof and window poured a shower of bullets during the hours 
of daylight, while— after dusk— [roops of Sepoys hovered about within 
pistol shot and made night hideous with incessant volleys of musketry. 
Sometimes when the enemy became more than usually troublesoine, 
the jiicquet, which was most hardly pressed, would invite their neigh- 
liours to come over, and then the combatant force of some thirty 
bayonets sallied forth to sweep the line of barracks, chasing the foe 
before them, killing the boldest or slowest of foot, knocking on the 
head such as were drunk or asleep, shooting down those who in their 
anxietytoget a^oodaim had ensconced themselves too high up to climb 
down at so short a notice, and driving ihe rest out and across the 
plain, at which point Ihe gunners in the entrenchment look up the 
work and plied the flying muhitude with grape and canister* 

By lOih June not a door or window remained in either of the 
buildings, and the shot coursed freely through and through the bare 
rooms. Many women and children had already been killed outright, 
and others seriously wounded by the falling buildings and splinters ; 
all Ihe European gunners had been killed or disabled at their guns. 
Thus sped the first five days of the defence. 

On 12th June the insurgents made their first general allack. The 
2nd Cavalry, who a day or two before had been engaged in the more 
congenial occupation of murdering some boat-loads of European 
fugitives from Futteghur, at Nawabgunj, led the aiuck, but these 



* During one of these early sorties, 
Sepoy prisoners were taken and lodgcil ii 
itrength of the garrison vits requiied in i 
Thomas Widdowson, 32nd regiment, 
with ft drawn sword. They were only t 



Mowbray Thompson rclaies thftt eleren 
Ihe main-guard; and, as all tbeavitilable 
nion, Mrs. Widdowson, wife of Private 
volunteered to keep guard over Ihem 
hy a rope passed from w 



but they sat motioDtess on Ihe ground for more than an hour under the A 
Burreillance lo which they were subjected. Presently, when the picquet returned, 
and they were subject to masculine protection, they all managed to escape. From 
ihb time forward it was understood that prisoners were la he left where takcDi with 
the jackal and vulture for thdr gaolers.— Trevelyan's Cawnpan. 



32nd regiment. 186 

heroes soon turned tail ; they were followed by the native infantry, 
who showed rather more resolution, but the attack was repulsed with 
severe loss to the enemy. 

The state of affairs on 14th June is shown in the following letter, 
which promptly reached Lucknow, secreted on the person of a native 
bearer : — 

" Sir H. Wheeler, to M. Gubbins, Esq. 

"My dear Gubbins, — We have been besieged since the 6th by the Nana 

" Sahib, joined by the whole of the Native troops, who broke out on the 

"morning of the 4th.* The enemy have two 24-pounders and several 

"other guns. We have only eight 9-pounders. The whole Christian 

" population is with us in a temporary entrenchment, and our defence has 

" been noble and wonderful ; our loss, heavy and cruel We want aid, aid, 

" aid 1 Regards to Laurence. 

" Yours, &c., 

" (Signed) H. Wheeler. 
" June 14th, 1857, 8.15. p.m. 

" P.S. — If we had 200 men we could punish the scoundrels and help you." 

To this appeal came the following reply from Sir H. Lawrence : — 

"Lucknow, June 16th, 1857. 
" My dear Wheeler, — I am very sorry indeed to hear of your condition, 
"and grieved that I cannot help you. I have consulted with the chief 
" officers about me, and all but Gubbins are unanimous in thinking that 
" with the enemy's command of the river, we could not possibly get a single 
" man into your entrenchment. I need not say that I deeply lament being 
" obliged to concur in this opinion, for our own safety is as nearly con- 
" cemed as yours. We are strong in our entrenchments, but by attempt- 
" ing the passage of the river should be sacrificing a large detachment, 
" without the prospect of helping you. Pray do not think me selfish. I 
" would iiin much risk could I see a commensurate prospect of success. 
" In the present scheme I see none. Mr. Gubbins, who does not under- 
" stand that most difficult of military operations, the passage of a river in 
" the face of an enemy, is led away by a generous enthusiasm to desire 
" impossibilities. I write not only my own opinion, but that of many ready 

" to risk their lives to rescue you. 

" Yours, &c, 

" (Signed) H. LAWRENCE."t 



• Colonel Mowbray Thomson says the 6th, evidently a mistake, 
t This letter, by an obvious misprint, is dated from Cawnpore in Sir H. 
Edwarde's Life of Sir H. Lawrence, 



J 86 



HISTORICAL KECOROS OF THE 



I 



On lOLfa June a carcase set fire to the thatdied bnildiag t 
Cawnjxjre entrenchment, which— for ils more sheltered positk 
had been selected as a refuge for the sick and irounded, and, < 
the efforts tuade at a rescue, Uro poor fellows perished in the flames.* 

On the Itilh, Meer Nawab, a Mussulman of rank, came inlo Nana's 
camp with a numerous followiog, including the Nazldee and Aklaree 
regiiiicnis^late 4th and 5tb Oudh Local Infantry — two fine well- 
dfilied corps of Sepoys. The same night, to give early proof ihai the 
fij)i(il of the defenders was still unbroken, Captain Moore made a 
sortie, wiih fifty picked men, and hurrying down the rebels' line, under 
cover of the darkness, surprised, in untimely slumber, some native 
gunners, who never woke again, spiked and rolled o\er several 
twenty-four pounders, gratified their feeliags by blowing up a piece 
which had given them special annoyance, and got back safe into 
camp, carrying in their arms four of their number, and leaving one 
behind dead. 

On ISth June the Oudh men, having had a day's rest, came out to 
the assault. Charging in a mass across the plain and over the 
rampart, they bore down the defenders, overthrew a gun, and seeraed 
for a moment to have carried the position. Bui the volunteer 
gunners slewed round a nine-pounder gun, and gave them a few 
Gtockingsfult of grape, and the picquets coming up with an English 
rush, sent thera back to their master fewer and wiser than they came. 

A few hours later the following characteristic letter was written by 
Moore. Poor Sir Hugh would appear to have been hurt at 
Lawrcnce'i reply :— 

"18th of June, 1857, 10 p.m. 
" Sir. 

" By desire of Sir Hugh Wheeler, I have the honour lo 



• Thii day « rifle ball UilleH Privole J. White, 32nd regiment, broke both 
nrmti uf hl> wife, whu wuk by hiK side, nnd injureil one of two children (twins) she 
hold. Mowbray Tliumiwio gpiaiks of ihe sight of the widowed moihei, lying ia 
h<»pltiil i>owerletis to move, with n child at ench brcnst, as the most piteous he ever 
wItneixGil. 

t Tbo indici in the vnlrenchmeiit had given up iheir slocliings lo serve u 
ircuw (or lh« Tield gum. 




32nd regiment. 



187 



"acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 16th. Sir Hugh 
" rejjrets that you cannot send him the 200 men, as he believes with 
" their assistance he could drive the insurgents from Cawnpore and 
"capture their guns. Our troops, officers, and volunteers have acted 
" most nobly, and on several occasions a handful of men have driven 
" hundreds before them. Our loss has been chiefly from the sun and 
" from their heavy guns. Our rations will last a fortnight, and we are still 
" well supplied with ammunition. Our guns are serviceable. Report 
"says that troops are advancing from Allahabad, and any assistance 
"might save our garrison. Wc, of course, are prepared to hold out 
" to the last. It is needless to mention the names of those who have 
" been killed or have died. We trust in God, and if our exertions 
"here assist your safety, it will be a consolation to know that our 
" friends appreciate our devotion. Any news of relief will cheer us. 
"By order, 
"(Signei/J J. Moore, Captain, 32nd Regiment." 

A brave letter, worthy of the regiment and the day, but in its 
hopeful spirit sadly belied by the state of affairs at Cawnpore. Since 
the destruction of the thatched barrack, dearth ol houseroom had 
forced two hundred of the women and children to spend night and 
day in the open air. At night they lay on the ground, exposed to 
every noxious influence and exhalation that was abroad in the air, and 
in the morning they rose— those among them that rose at all — to 
endure, bareheaded sometimes and always roofless, the blazing fury of 
a tropical sun, amidst whirlwinds of dust, under a temperature of one 
hundred and twenty to one hundred and thirty-eight degrees in the 
shade. The food supply of the garrison was now reduced to scant 
allowance of the poorest of native fare, save when a wandering troop- 
horse Irom the enemy's lines was shot and hauled into campj their 
drink was putrid water, fetched by bucketfuls, under a heavy Are, from 
a well outside. Comforts and appliances for the sick there were none, 
and day by day the tale of deatiis from sickness and wounds 
increased, and the fire seldom slackened. 

On the night of Sunday, 21sl June, Major Vibart, 2nd cavalry, 
transmitted the following lines to Lucknow : 



HISTORICAL RECORDS Of THE 



1 



" We have been cannonaded for six hours a day by twelve gtins. 
"This evening upwards of thirty shells (mortars) were thrown into 
" the entrenchment. This has occurred daily for the last ei^ht days ; 
" an idea may be formed of our casualties, and how little protection 
" the barracks afford to the women. Any aid to be effective must be 
" iromediale. In the event of rain falling our position would be 
" iniolerable. According to telegraphic despatches received previous 
" to the outbreak, «ne thousand Europeans were to have been here 
"on the Hlh instant. This force may be on ils way up. Any 
"assistance you can send might co-operate wilh it. Nine-pounder 
*' ammunition, chiefly cartridges, h required. . . . We have lost 
" about a third of out original number. The enemy are strongest in 
" artillery. They appear not to have more than four hundred or five 
"hundred infantry: they move their guns with difficulty, by means 
" of unbroken-in bollocks. The infantry are great cowards, and easily 
" repulsed. 

" By order, 
"(Signed) G. V. Vibart, Major." 

The 23rd June was the centenary of the battle of Plassey — the day 

originally fixed for a general rising all over northern India. All 
through the night of the 22nd the defenders of the oiillying buildings 
were kept alert by sounds which beiokentd that the Sepoys in the 
adjacent buildings were more than usually numerous and restless. 
Lieutenant Thompson sent over for a reinforcement, but Moore 
replied that he could spare no one but himself and Lieutenant 
Delafosse (53fd native infantry). In the course of a few minutes the 
pair arrived, and al once saliied forth, one armed with a sword, the 
other with an empty musket. Moore shouted out, " No. I to the 
front," and the Sepoys, taking it for granted that the well-known word 
of command would bring upon them a whole company of Sahibs, with 
fixed bayonets and cocked revolvers, broke cover and ran like rabbits. 
Towards morning they returned in force, and attacked wilh such 
determination that there remained more dead Hindoos outside the 
doorway of No. 2 barrack than there were living Europeans within. 
At the same moment the entrenchment was assaulted by the whole 



32nd regiment. 189 

strength of the insurrection. Field-guns, pulled about by horses and 
bullocks, were brought up within a few hundred yards and pointed 
at our wall. The troopers, who had bound themselves by the most 
solemn oaths of their religion to conquer or to perish, charged at a 
gallop in one direction, while in another advanced a dense array of 
infantry, preceded by a host of skirmishers, who rolled before them 
great bundles of cotton, proof against our bullets. It was all in vain. 
Our countrymen, too, had their anniversary to keep, and kept it in a 
spirit worthy of those who fought at Plassey and Arcot in the days 
long gone by. They shot down the teams; they fired the bales; 
drove the sharpshooters back upon their columns, and sent the 
columns to the right-about in unseemly haste They taught the men 
of the 2nd Cavalry that broken vows and angered gods, and the 
waters of the Ganges poured fruitlessly on the perjured head, were 
less terrible than British valour in the last extremity. The contest 
was short, but sharp. The defeated combatants retired to brag and 
to carouse ; the victors to brood, to sicken, and to starve. That 
evening a party of Sepoys drew near our lines, made obeisance after 
their fashion, and requested leave to bury their slain. 

A change now came over the spirit of the Nana, and he resolved 
to cut short the troublesome enterprise he had in hand by a method 
swifter than famine and surer than open force, to wit — treachery. 

On the morning of 25th June a note, attested by no signature, but 
superscribed " To the subjects of Her most gracious Majesty Queen 
"Victoria," was brought to the British camp. Its contents, in 
caricature of a certain Government proclamation, ran thus : 

" All those who are in no way connected with the acts of Lord 
" Dalhousie, and are willing to lay down their arms, shall receive a 
" safe passage to Allahabad." 

The missive was referred to a council, consisting of General 
Wheeler and Captains Moore and Whiting (Bengal engineers), and 
after a prolonged debate it was decided to accept the offer. Had the 
garrison consisted of fighting people only, a dash would have been 
made for Allahabad, but what could be done with a mixed multitude, 
in which there was a woman and child to each man, while every other 
man was incapacitated by wounds and disease ? The rains, too, were 




190 KI5TORICU. BECORDS OF THE 

cloM at hand, when the entrenchcnent woald be no ]ooga U 
The stores bad dwindled down to a quart a head of neari; nnealable 
lutivc food. The choice lay between death and capituUiion ; and, if 
the latter were resolved on, it was well that the offer came from the 
enemy. So it was argued, and at last Sir Hugh gave way. Captains 
Whiiing and Moore and Mr. Roche, the postmaster, were invt^ed 
mth fiill powers to treat with the Nana's commissioner, and their 
terms — that our force should march out with sixty rounds of ball- 
cartridge per man ; that carriages should be provided far the convey- 
ance of the women and sick ; that boats safficiently victualled with 
flour should be ready for them— were readily acquiesced in; and 
Mowbray Thomson states that all due deliberations were observed 
and every precaution taken to ensure fulfilment of the promises. 
The morning of 27th June was fixed for the embarkation. A little 
before 6 o'clock that day the remnant of the heroic little garrison, 
with bayonets lixed, and Moore at their head, marched out of the 
camp to the landing place, near to the village of Suttee Chowra, 
where were drawn up forty boats, of the usual up-country build, to 
receive the party. How the mixed throng— some on foot, some in 
dooiics, with here and there an elephant — went down the hollow way 
to the Ghaut ; how a mob of peasants at once over-ran the abandoned 
camp, to find there three brass guns disabled, a bag of flour, and the 
bodies of eleven Europeans, some still breathing, but dying of gun- 
shot wounds ; how, with much difficulty, the wounded and the women 
were hoisted on board the boats ; how, at the last moment, the thatch 
of the boats was treacherously fired, and a storm of grape and 
musketry broke upon them from either shore ; how but three boats 
got off, of which two drifted to destruction on the opposite bank, 
while the third, rudderless and oarless, went down midstream, are 
matters of history, and need not here be repeated in detail. Indeed, 
the story, as far as it relates to the 32nd Regiment, is well nigh told. 

Captain Moore, with other officers and men, were in the third boat 
which had taken a large party off one of the sinking boats, and now, 
with over a hundred persons crowded into a space which could barely 
hold fifty, ahernatcly stranding and drifting, was tending down stream 
towards Allahabad at the rate of halfa-miie an hour, under a fire of 




32nd regiment. 



191 ' 



^ranister and shells from both banks. Shortly afierwards, in assisting 
to heave the vessel off a sand-bank, Captain Moore was shot through 
the heart. Of the two other officers of the 3'2rd detachment, Lieu- 
tenant F. Wainwright had been killed some lime before the end of 
the siege ; Ensign Evelyn Hill probably shared the same fate. No 
details ever reached the regiment, and nothing further can now be 
learned respecting them. 

Meanwhile, some of the women and children whom the flames had 
spared were collected and brought to land. Among this number, it 
is said, was poor Mrs. Moore with her infant child. Many were 
pulled out from under the charred woodwork of boats, and others were 
driven up from four feet depth of water. Before they emerged from 
the river, some of the ladies were roughly handled by the troopers, 
who tore away such ornaments as caught their fancy with little regard 
to ears or fingers. But when all had assembled, sentries were put 
round, and no one suffered to molest them. In the evening they 
were taken to a large building, known as Sevada House, in view of 
the old entrenchment. They are said to have been one hundred and 
twenty-five in number. " I saw that many of the ladies were wounded," 
said one native witness who watched them go by, and whose report 
was confirmed. " Their clothes had blood on them. Two men were 
"badly hurl, and had their heads bound up with handkerchiefs. 
"Some were wet, covered with mud and blood, but all had clothes. 
" I saw one or two children without clothes. There were no other 
" men in the party, only some boys of twelve or thirteen years of age."* 

The escaped boat continued its way down stream, and at 2 p.m. on 
the following day, 28lh June, struck on a bank off the village of 
Nussufghur. Straightway the shore was covered with a multitude of 
feudal militia, intermingled with Sepoys and mounted troopers. A 
gun was brought forward and unlimbered ; but while the artillerymen 



* FourEnglishwomcnind three )mir-caslcsof this parly wercsciieilb; the troop- 
CIS of the 2nd Cavalry, but were nl once restored, with a single exception (Miss 
Wheeler), by order of the Nana, who appears to have regarded the women as use- 
ful hostages. Il is, perhaps, scarcely necessary to add, thai the pniiieni laics 
which were rife at the time, afterwards proved to have been utterly devoid of 
foundation. 






192 HISTORICAL 

were taking their aim, there came down from heaven that unbroken 
sheet of water for which men had been looking during the past fort- 
night. The rains had commenced in earnest. The piece could only 
be discharged once ; but the storm did not protect our people from 
the heavy fusilade, which cost several gallant lives. After five hours 
of this bitter work, there hove in sight a boat manned by fifty or sixty 
mutineers, armed to the teeih, who had been deputed by the Nana 
to follow and destroy the relics of our force. This vessel likewise ran 
on a snndbank, not altogether against the inclination of her crew, who, 
probably, did not relish the notion of forming themselves into a board- 
ing party. They liked the idea still less when a score of Englishmen 
came dashing at them through the shallows. The half-dozen ablest 
swimmers alone escaped to tell their master that, "after all they had 
"gone through, those extraordinary Sahibs were the same as ever." 

At night the boat floated, but daylight showed that she had drifted 
into a back-water, whence there was no egress, and the musketry from 
the shore recommenced. Accordingly, Major Vibari, then dying of 
his wounds, directed Lieutenants Delafosse (late 53rd native infantry) 
and Thomson (56ih native infantry) lo land and drive back the 
enemy with a party consisting of Sergeant Grady, 32nd regiment, and 
eleven men of 32nd and 84th regiments, and artillery. They had not 
departed many minutes when a host of insurgents poured down upon 
the helpless Iroop of women and wounded men, and — after 
a short, but murderous conflict — the boat was captured and escorted 
to Cawnpore by a strong body of horse and foot. 

Thompson and Delafosse, on gaining the shore, drove the enemy in 
style over a considerable space, but were imperceptibly surrounded in 
flanks and rear by fresh swarms of rebels. Then they faced about 
and cut their way back to the spot where they had started, bleeding, 
but still undiminished in number. The spot they recognised, but the 
boat was gone. No alternative remained but to retreat down stream. 
With twenty paces interval between man and man, they slowly 
retired, firing as best they might on the horde of pursuers, who 
pressed closer and closer. At the entrance of a small temple, where 
they sought a few minutes respite. Sergeant Grady was shot through 
the head. Again the insurgents returned lo the attack, and made an 



L 



3-2nd regiment, 193 

unsuccessful attempt to dig up the foundations ; finally, with a view 
of smoking the besieged out of their citadel, they constructed and set 
alighl a large pile of faggots. It was not until the enemy showed 
signs of an intention to mend the fire with some hags of gunpowder 
that the garrison began to be seriously alarmed. They then rushed 
out, scattering the embers with their bare feet, and leaped the parapet 
which enclosed the spot of dedicated ground. Six, who could not 
swim, ran full into the middle of ihe crowd, carrying their lives for sale 
to the best market. Seven reached the bank, and flung in their 
firelgcks, and then themselves. The lead in their pouches dragged 
ihem so far down that (he first flight of bullets passed over them 
harmlessly. By the time the Sepoys had reloaded, a score of rapid 
strokes had carried the fugitives well out into the stream. Two were 
shot through the head ; another, overcome with exhaustion, turned 
over on his back, and was carried by the stream towards a shoal, 
where his murderers were awaiting him ; the four others, Lieutenants 
Deiafosse and Mowbray Thompson, Gunner Connolly, and Private 
Murphy, 84th regiment, escaped down stream, and, after many 
adventures, reached Allahabad in safety. 

Meanwhile, the captured boat slowly remounted the now swollen 
stream, reaching the Suttee Chowra Ghaut again about 10 a.m. on 
June 30ih. There were in her, according to the account of 
witnesses, sinty-lhree men, iwenty-five women, and four children. 
Mowbray Thompson slates thai, after careful enquiry, the only officers 
shown to be of the party were three of the company's service — 
Captain Seppings, Lieutenant Masters, and Dr. Boyas. No mention 
was made of any soldiers. The whole party was slaughtered in cold 
blood, at the landing-place, by the Nadiree regiment, in the presence 
of the Nana, immediately afterwards. 

Of the thousand persons who had found shelter within General 
Wheeler's entrenchment four short weeks before, there now remained 
(besides the four fugitives from .\llahabad) only the captives in the 
Sevada house who, on Ist July, were removed to the small building, 
afterwards known as the " House of Massacre," about two miles nearer 
the bridge of boats, on the Lucknow road, where they passed the 
last fourteen days of their durance. 



194 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Of them, individually, no particulars are knoim. Their naioes — 
who died of the pestilence that was among them — who lived to 
endure the unspeakable agony of the final scene — are secrets of the 
tomb. 

Only, be it said of them, reverently, that they were of the "great 
"company of Christian people, mostly women and children, who died 
"at Cawnpore." 

To return to Lucknow : it was the original intention that both 
Residency and fori should be defended to the last, but the disaster at 
Chinhut seriously afTected the strength of the defenders. It was, 
therefore, quiclcly determined that one should be sacrificed ; that the 
fort should be blown up, and the party defending it make their way, 
as best they could, to their friends in the Residency. 

Accordingly, on 1st July, at 12 o'clock at night, the garrison 
evacuated the fort and reached the Residency, which was about three- 
quarters of a mile distant, without molestation, their guns and 
treasures with them ; their departure from the fort being apparently 
unnoticed. 

The train left set for its destruction was so well timed that the 
evacuating garrison had scarcely entered the gates of the Residency 
when the Muchee Bawen was blown into the air with a terrific 
explosion.* 

Why the enemy allowed so important a movement to be executed 
without in any way oflcring to impede it, can only be accounted for 
by supposing them either to have been exhausted by the ( 



* On the fort of Muchee Bawcn being blown up. It appears one of ilie gumson, 
a man of tliv 32n<l regiment who peiha]» had been drinking lo his cuunlry's 
succeis a lillle too fiecly, concealed himself in some comei where he could not be 
found when the muster roll was called. On ihe explosion taking place, nllcr the 
withdrnwnl of ihe garrison, he was thrown into the air, but teiuincd unhurt lo 
inolher earth, continuing bis too sound sleep the while. The next momtng he 
Bwoke to find ihe fort, to his surprise, a mass of deserted ruins. He. therefore, 
quietly walked to the Residency without lieing molested by a soul ; and even 
brought in with him a pair of bullocks attached lo a cart of ammunition. On 
arriving near ihc Residency the men of the garrison were not a lillle astonished lo 
hear — in a good old Celtic voice — somewhat husky, the cry of " Arrah, by Jasus, 
open your gates." They let him in, and his appearance caused much merrimenL — 
Rees, RttUfef Lucknou; p. 121. 



J 



32nd regiment, 1B5 

the previous daj', or engaged in plundering other parts of the city, 
which is of immense size. But the successful issue of this operation 
was of vital importance to the garrison, as, had not the troops in (he 
fort effected a junction with those in the Residency, not one would 
have probably survived to tell the tale of their subsequent long 
sufferings. 

The Muchee Bawen was commanded from several parts of the 
town, and very indifferently provided with heav7 artillery ammunition. 
Moreover, the difficulty, hardship, and loss sustained by the 
Residency garrison in holding that position, even with the reinforce- 
ments thus obtained from the fort, sufficiently shows that if the 
original intention of holding both places had been adhered to, both 
would have inevitably fallen. 

Though the successful evacuation of the fort was in every way a 
most happy operation, yet it unavoidably entailed serious losses on 
the regiment, for the head-quarters was at the time stationed in the 
fort, so that nearly all the Regimental Records, from 1846, 
band instruments — with a collection of valuable music, and 
greater part of the paymaster's and quarter-master's books had 
necessarily to be abandoned. 

But the losses hitherto sustained by the garrison of Lucknow were 
comparatively inconsiderable with that which about this time deprived 
them of their illustrious commander — the guiding spirit of the 
defence. He to whose foresight in the timely commencement of 
operations, and great skill in carrying them into effect, the ultimate 
preservation of the survivors is mainly due, was soon to fall another 
victim to this lamentable rebellion. 

On 1st July an eight-inch shell burst in the room which Sir H. 
Lawrence was then occupying in the Residency, Though falling 
close to him, strange to say, he did not receive the slightest injury. 
Forewarned was, unfortunately, not in this case forearmed, for when 
implored by his friends to take up other quarters, he Jestingly declined 
to do so, saying that such a thing could never happen twice. But it 
was otherwise ordained, for on the very next day another shell hurst 
in exactly the same spot, and this time with a more unfortunate 
result Sir Henry was mortally wounded, lingering in great agony 






196 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

until the morning of the 4th, when his untimely death, at this critical 
period, spread consternation through all. 

In Sir Henry Lawrence were combined most of those qualities 
which render a man estimable and a commander influential and 
beloved. He possessed, to a rare extent, the power of winning the 
affections of those he governed, so that devotion to the commander 
became, as it were, a guarantee of zeal for the Government he served. 
The unbounded confidence reposed in him by all ranks, and ihe 
belief in his power to extricate them from their perilous position, 
made the grief at his loss such as is only felt for a great public 
benefactor. 

On the death of Sir Henry Lawrence, the command of the garrison 
devolved on Colonel Inglis, 32nd regiment, and Captain Lowe 
succeeded to the command of the regiment. 

At this time there were only two batteries completed in the 
Residency. Part of the defences were still in an unfinished con- 
dition, and the buildings in the immediate vicinity giving cover to the 
enemy were only partially cleared away. Indeed, Ihe heaviest losses 
subsequently sustained during the siege were caused by the enemy's 
sharpshooters stationed in the adjoining mosques and houses, which — 
from Sir H. Lawrence's desire to spare the holy places and private 
property — had hitherto been allowed to remain standing. 

As soon 3s the enemy had thoroughly completed the investment of 
the Residency, they occupied these houses in great force. They 
rapidly made loopholes on those sides which bore on the post, from 
which an incessant fire was kept up day and night, causing numerous 
casualties, there bemg at one lime not less than eight thousand men 
firing on the position. No spot in the whole works could be 
considered sale. Several of the sick and wounded lying in the 
banqueting hall, which had been for Ihe lime turned into a hospital, 
were killed in the very centre of the building, while many women and 
children were shot dead in a room inio which it had not previously 
been deemed possible that a bullet could penetrate. 

Nor were the enemy idle in erecting batteries. From twenty to 
twenty-five were soon in position, some of them of very large calibre. 
They were planted all round the post at short distances, some being 



J 



L 



33nd regiment. 107 

1 within fifty yards of the defence, but so placed that our own 

guns could not reply to them. 

The perseverance of the enemy never relaxed, and their ingenuity 1 
in erecting barricades in front of and around their guns in a very 
short time, rendered all attempts to silence them by musketry entirely 
unavailable. Nor could they be effectually silenced by shell, on 
account of their extreme proximity to our position. Besides, the 
enemy had recourse to digging very narrow trenches, about eight feet 
deep, in rear of eac!i gun, where the men lay while the shell were 
falling ; and this so effectually concealed them, even while working the 
gun, that the sharpshooters could only see their heads while in the 
act of loading. 

On 6th July a sortie was made, led by Captain Mansfield and 
Lieutenant Lawrence, to drive the enemy from a house adjoining that 
part of the defences. It was performed in the most gallant manner, 
and the objects in view were entirely accomplished. 

On the morning of 20th July the enemy assembled in force all round 
the position and exploded a mine inside the outer lines of defences 
of the Water Gate. The mine, which was close to the Redan, and 
apparently sprung with the intention of destroying that battery, did no 
harm. The enemy boldly advanced, under cover of a tremendous 
fire of cannon and musketry, with the object of storming the Redan ; 
but they were received with such a heavy lire, that— after a short 
struggle — they fell back with much loss. Similar attacks were made 
at almost every outpost, but were everywhere simJlarSy repulsed, and 
at 2 p.m. the enemy ceased their attempts to storm the place. 

After this failure, the attention of the enemy was directed to under- 
mine the defences. To countermine and throw out listening galleries 
to frustrate their intentions, the services of some Cornish and Derby- 
shire men of the regiment* were availed of. With the assistance of the 
officers and working parlies of the Native Infantry Regiment, the 
most fortunate results were attained, as only three out uf twenty mines 
were exploded with any success by the enemy. 



* ParlicuUi mention should be made of Acting- Sergeants Cullim 
and Fanner, sad Corporal Dowling, employed as oreiseeis of mine 



19' 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



In the meantime their guns were doing great damage to the defences 
and outposts, rendering several of the latter scarcely tenable. The 
Residency itself was being rapidly reduced to a ruinous and most 
dangerous condition, part of it having already fallen in, burying six 
men of the regiment, two only of whom were extricated alive. 

On 10th August the enemy made another assault, having first 
sprung a mine close to the brigade mess, which entirely destroyed its 
defences for twenty feet. The breach made was so large that a regi- 
ment could have advanced through it in perfect order ; and, when the 
smoke cleared away, some of the enemy came on with great deter- 
mination. They were met, however, with such a withering flank fire 
of musketry from the officers and men holding the top of the brigade 
mess, that they quickly retreated, leaving the more adventurous of 
Iheir numbers lying on the crest of the breach. While this was going 
on, another large body advanced on the Cawnpore battery and suc- 
ceeded in locating themselves for a few minutes in the ditch. They 
were, huwever, quickly dislodged from that by hand grenades. At 
another post they also came boldly forward with scaling ladders, 
which they planted against the wall. Here, as elsewhere, they were 
met with the most indomitable resolution ; the leaders being slain, the 
rest fled, forsaking their ladders. They retreated to their batteries and 
loopholed defences, from which they kept up an unusually heavy 
cannonade and musketry fire during the rest of the day. 

On 18th August the enemy sprung another mine in front of the 
Sikh lines, and this time with very fatal effect, no less than eleven 
men being buried alive under the ruins, from whence it was impossible 
to extricate them, owing to the tremendous fire kept up by the enemy 
from houses situated less than ten yards in front of the breach. The 
three officers with this garrison were blown into the air; but, by 
extraordinary good fortune, returned to earth with no further injury 
than a severe shaking. 

The explosion was followed by a general assault, though of a less 
determined nature than the two former ; and the enemy were con 
sequently repulsed without very great difficulty. They succeeded, 
however, in establishing themselves under cover of the breach in one 
of the houses in our position, from which they were driven, in the 



■J 



32nd regiment. 



19! 



I 

i 



evening, at the point of the bayonet by some of the 32nd and 84tb 

regiments. 

On 21st August a house in the vicinity, from which the garrison 
had been much annoyed by the enemy, was successfully undermined 
and blown up. On the same day two parties of the regiment, with a 
detachment of the 84th, under Captain McCabe and Lieutenant 
Brown, were sent lo spike two guns and destroy one of the enemy's 
mines. These operations were performed in the most gallant manner. 

On 5th September the enemy made iheir last serious assault on the 
Residency. Having exploded a large mine, they advanced with 
scaling ladders, and planted them against the walls, gaining for an 
instant, the embrasure of a gun ; but it was only for an instant, as 
they were speedily dislodged, with loss, by hand grenades and 
musketry. A few minutes alter, they sprung another mine close to 
the brigade mess and advanced boldly on that post. Here, again, the 
accurate and sustained musketry lire from the members of the garrison 
compelled them to an ignominious flight, leaving their leader — a fine 
looking old native officer — among the slain. 

At other posts similar attacks were made, but everywhere with the 
same want of success. The enemy's loss on this day must have been 
very great, as they came on with such determination, and at night were 
seen bearing large numbers of their killed and wounded over the 
bridges in the direction of their cantonments. 

Though this may be said to have been the last combined assault 
against the Residency, the siege was still sustained with such vigour 
by the enemy that not the slightest relaxation was allowed to the in- 
cessant vigilance of the defenders. 

Exposed to a constant fire of shot and shell, with their battered 
position fast becoming untenable, they still hoped on fox that long 
deferred relief, never more urgently needed. 

At last it appeared to come ; for on 25th September the force under 
General Havelock arrived at the Residency, having cut its way through 
the city with great loss. But ihe contrary of relief this, in fact, proved 
to be ; for, insufficient in numbers to extricate the inmates of the 
Residency, the relieving force, too, became besieged, thus adding fresh 
comers for the already too limited supply of provisions. 



^^ 



200 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



Although nolhing hardly was known to the outer world regarding 
the defence of Lucknow, at this time, as the enemy — by great 
vigilance — managed to intercept most of the messengers, it may not be 
out ol place to give a short account of the steps that were in progress 
for their relief by General Havelock and his gallant little force : — 

On 12th Septetnber, 1857, General Havelock was expecting to be 
joined by Sir J, Oulram, which took place on the 15ih, with the 6th 
Fusiliers, part of the 90lh Light Infantry, and some companies of the 
78th Highlanders. The following Divisional Order, of the 16th, was 
published ; 

"The important duty of first relieving Lucknow has been intrusted 
"to Major-General Havelock, c.b., and Major-General Outram feels 
"that it is due to this distinguished officer, and the strenuous and 
" noble exertions which he has made to effect that object, that to him 
" should accrue the honour of the achievement 

" Major-General Outram is confident that the great end for which 
" General Havelock and his brave troops have so long and so 
"gloriously fought, will now — under the blessing of Providence^be 
"accomplished. The Major-General, therefore, in gratitude for, and 
"admiration of, the brilliant deeds in arms achieved by General 
" Havelock and his gallant troops, will cheerfully waive his rank on 
"that occasion, and will accompany the force lo Lucknow in his 
"civil capacity as chief commissioner of Oudh, tendering his military 
"services to Genera! Havelock as a volunteer. On the relief of 
" Lucknow, the Major-General will resume his position at the head of 
" the forces." 

In acknowledgment of this generous action, the following order 
was issued, on the same evening, by General Havelock ; — 

" Brigadier-General Havelock, in making known to the column the 
"kind and generous determination of General Sir James Outram, 
" K.C.B., lo leave to him the task of relieving Lucknow and rescumg 
" its gallant and enduring garrison, has only lo express his hope that 
" the troops will strive, by their exemplary and gallant conduct in 
" the field, to justify the confidence thus reposed in them." 



32nd regiment. 201 

Leaving Cawnpore, now in a state of defence, in charge of Colonel 
O'Brien, Havelock crossed the Ganges on the 19th. This was 
an arduous affair, for the river, then in flood, was running rapidly, and 
there were heavy guns, elephants, camels, ammunition waggons, and 
commissariat stores, as well as long trains of armed men, doolies for 
the wounded, and troops of burden- bearing coolies, to be got over, 
At length it was effected, and the march began. 

On the previous night, most of ihe troops had been marched down 
to the river's bank lo await the advance of the morrow. As they 
moved along, the regimental colours, carried in their dark cloth 
covering, rose up now and again from the forest of glistening 
bayonets " like yew trees in a garden." The moon struggled ihiough 
the rain, which had been falhng all the day, and threw a dim light 
over the river, looming mournfully on the blackened ruin where the 
brave old soldier — Sir H. Wheeler — and his devoted garrison had 
closed their last days on earth. 

The army was divided into two brigades of infantry ; the first com- 
prising the 5th Fu.siliers, the 84ih Regiment, part of the 64th Fool, 
and the 1st Madras Fusiliers, under the command of General Neil. 
The second brigade was formed by (he 78lh Highlanders, 90th Light 
Infantry, and the Sikh Regiment of Ferozepore, under the command 
of Brigadier Hamilton, of the 78th regiment. A third brigade, com- 
posed of artillery, consisted of Captain Maude's, ("aptain Olphert's, 
and Brevet Major Eyre's batteries, under the command of Major 
Cope. The cavalry comprised a small body of volunteers and a few 
irregular horsemen of a native corps, with Captain Burrow in command. 
A small body of Engineers, under Caplam Croramelin, was attached. 

After some skirmishing by the river's banks had cleared away the 
enemy, the wing advanced, by most fatiguing marches; for the 
Ganges^having acquired its extreme height^had overflowed its 
banks for several miles on the Oudh side. The water, as in nearly all 
similar cases, (hough still, was in some places deep upon the fields, 
and the sun was beating fiercely on the men. Very few tents had been 
talten and provisions for only fifteen days brought over; the force 
was not, therefore, needlessly encumbered with stores ; but they had 
a large park of artillery and an abundant supply of ammunition, 



A 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

As Havelock advanced, the rebels rapidly retreated, and then of 
him and his force nothing was heard at Cawnpore for many days. 
"Since the day that the tail of our army left," says a cortesiwndeni 
of the Hurkant, " no vestige of news has reached us. They ploughed 
"a way through the tide of rebellion which overflows Oudh. but the 
" waves closed again, and we have no means of hearing from ihem or 
" communicating with them. Yesterday a hundred men, who had been 
"sent to keep the Lucknow road open, were cut up by the rebels almost 
" to a man, and our cossids (messengers) have returned with 'no news.' " 
Another corresp-.ndent wrote : " It seems that many cossids have 
*' been despatched from Genera! Havelock's camp, but the enemy 
" have kept up such a strict blockade in the rear of his force that to 
" pass was impossible." 

" Havelock found the enemy strongly encamped at Mungarnene, 
"and after a sharp action he routed them completely ; so much so 
" that they made no further stand until the Alum Bagh was reached. 

"The greatest discomfort was experienced by the gallant little 
"army, as the rains had set in and their bivouacs were pools of 
" water. Rest was obiamed in a deserted village on the 21st, and on 
" the 22nd the army continued its march, rain falling heavily. Many 
"of the coolies, dreading Lucknow, had deserted, which was a 
"serious loss; but there was no lime to stop and replace ihem — 
" Lucknow was in danger, so Havelock and his noble band pressed 
" on, beset with difficulties, but sustained by the hope of effecting the 
" object of their march. Another comfortless night was passed in a 
" deserted village, and a salute of twenty-one guns fired, in the hope 
" that the beleagured garrison would hear the report and comprehend 
" its purpose. On the 23rd September Havelock continued his 
" advance, and found the enemy were determined to dispute every 
" inch of ground with him. The flower of the rebel army was strongly 
" posted to resist his further advance, and here he felt what an effort 
" would have to be made to achieve the object of his march. 

" After a struggle, in spite of ihe strong position of the rebels, 
" Havelock succeeded in turning their right, and drove ihcm back to 
"their centre, pounding ihem with his artillery, finally charging the 
"position with infantry, capturing village after village, and ultimately 



32nd regiment, 208 \ 

"seizing five guns. The enemy's left, linding ihat the right and 
" centre were turned, fled, followed by Ouiram and his cavalry. The 
" Alum Bagh was won. From this to Lucknow was a series of narrow 
"tortuous streets and a wide plain. General Havelock, however, 
" knowing the probable tactics of the enemy, would have chosen the 
"circuitous route by the Dilkoosha and Martiniere, but was unable, 
"owing to the impassable stale of the roads. Early on the morning 
" of the 25th September, Havelock commenced his forward move, 
"leaving his baggage under escort at the Alum Bagh. The 
" advance was led by Sir James Outram, who found as he advanced 
" what a desperate errand they were on, as every preparation had 
" been made for a most determined resistance by the enemy. Not 
" only were guns placed, raking the road, but every house was turned 
" into a fort and filled with Sepoys, who poured a murderous and 
"continuous fire on the little army. The 5th Fusiliers, in a gallant 
"charge, took some guns, which formed a battery. No sooner was 
" this service performed than another was opened on tbem, which 
"commanded the approach and passage of the Char Bagh, a bridge 
" which crosses the Canal and forms one of the entrances to ihe city 
" of Lucknow. The enemy was in great force. The garden enclosures 
" had been made temporary fortresses, with loopholed walls, from 
" which a constant fire was maintained upon the advancing forces, 
"The fire from the heavy guns, which had opened upon them the 
" moment they came within range, was kept up with terrible energy. 
" With a shout the battery was charged, and, after a brief struggle, was 
"taken. Here .Sir James Outram was wounded in the arm, but, 
"although faint from loss of blood, never dismounted until the 
"Residency was reached. During these brilliant affairs the troops 
" had been harassed by the incessant fire of musketry from the en- 
" closure of the Char Bagh, from the long grass on the left, and from 
" the houses on either side of the street at the town end of the bridge. 
" It was necessary to clear the garden enclosure and jungle, to enable 
" the slow-moving bullocks to bring over the heavy guns and ammuni- 
" tion. This was done by the 78th Highlanders, who remained as an 
" escort until they could rejoin the advancing column. Aliet advancing 
" for nearly two miles It was found that progress in that direction was 



^ 



a04 



Historical records of the 



" impossible ; Havelock therefore left the Cawnpore road and deloured 
"along a narrow lane to the right, which skirls the left bank of the 
" city canal. This move was successful, and the Kaiser Dagh was 
" reached after a march of some hours. It was here necessary to 
" tender aid to the parly of 78ih and guns left in the rear. Aid arrived 
"just in time, and at a critical moment the adjutant of the 78th led 
"a charge against a battery and seized it in a most gallant style ; and 
"it was long past noon when the column reached a place of tern- 
"porary shelter tinder the walls of the Furrek Buksh. The troops 
" were sorely exhausted. For six weary hoars they had struggled in 
" deadly fight with a fierce enemy, and all the while under a scorching 
" sun. Faint and worn out, they endeavoured to snatch a brief 
"res|iile from this double foe. .After much consideration, in spite of 
"all the difficulties, it was deemed advisable to continue the advance 
"that night, leaving the wounded and baggage and heavy guns, with 
" suitable escorts, in the Moolee Mahul and other sheltered places for 
"the night. The General placed himself at the head of the High- 
" landers and Sikhs, and dashed on for the Residency, No words 
" can picture th.it march of fire and death ! Every inch of the road 
" was disputed — every house turned into a fortress, from which helched 
" forth a continuous stream of fire and lead. 

" At last the Residency was reached, with a cheer which only British 
"soldiers know how to give. The vanguard of Havelock's 'Column 
"of Relief entered, bringing to the beleagured garrison safety at 
" least, if not deliverance. And who shall picture the greetings of thai 
" night, or describe the joy of those who once more began to hope, 
"and the gratitude they felt to that indomitable deliverer, who, for 
"nearly a hundred days, had struggled through an overwhelming tide 
"of battle, disease, and death, to rescue them from their inhuman 
"foes? ' Our reception,' says one 'was enthusiastic; men, women, 
"and even infants, pouring down in one sweeping crowd to welcome 
"their deliverers.' While another adds, 'Many people were nearly 
"mad, and the cheering was deafening.'"* 

On the morning following the arrival of this force a party of one 




32nd regiment. 



306 j 



hundred and fifty of the regiment, under the command of Captain 
Lowe, were sent out to drive the enemy from the posts ihey occupied 
on tile side of the river near the Residency, This was elTected, but 
not without a certain amount of loss. One eighteen -pounder, one 
nine-pounder, and one sixpounder were brought in; two mortars 
were spiked; and a great number of the enemey were killed and 
wounded while trying to cross the river. The nine-pounder was cap- 
tured in a particularly gallant manner by Lieutenant Lawrence and a 
paily of the hght company just as a second round of grape shot was 
being discharged at them. 

On the same day a party of one hundred men of the regiment, 
under Captain Lowe, were sent out with some of Sir H. Havelock's 
force to strengthen the guard over the heavy guns, ammunition,' and 
baggage, which had not yet been extricated from a dangerous position 
into which they had fallen the evening before. Their recovery was 
the more difficult as the enemy, at this time, commanded the road to 
the Residency with a heavy fire of musketry and round shot. 
Towards dusk the party of the 32nd regiment was moved to the 
furtherest end of the position, with orders to hold their ground until 
the heavy guns and the 90th Regiment, who formed the rear guard, 
had retired. This they did before morning, and Captain Lcwe hav- 
ing withdrawn his !ook-oul sentries, the 32nd slowly retired, protecting 
the rear of the whole without its departure having been perceived. 

The baggage and guns reached the Residency through a palace 
which had fallen into our hands the previous day ; but the troops had 
scarcely entered when a most determined attack was made upon it 
by the enemy who — mounting the wall of a garden, which they had 
managed to occupy unknown to the garrison— poured a deadly lire 
upon the troops massed in the confined and unsheltered space below. 
Captain McCabeof the 32nd, with the most distinguished bravery, 
led a party of volunteers— consisting of the 5th, 32nd, and 90th regi- 
ments — into the garden, where he killed or wounded most of those 
inside, few — ^if any— escaping. 

Soon after this, Captain Ix)we was severely wounded in the foot, 
and, being therefore incapacitated for active duty, the command of 
the regiment devolved upon Captain Bassano. 



n 



soft 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



^ 



Several sorties were m^de from this time to the beginning of October, 
in all of which the regiment was engaged and bore a distinguished 
part. 

On 27th September one small party lost three killed and five 
wounded. 

On the 29th, three sorties were simultaneously made, in conducting 
one of which Captain McCabe* was mortally wounded. 

In another, conducted by Lieutenant Cooke, a gun was captured — 
Lieutenant Cooke being one of the first at the embrasure. 

In the third, led by Lieu- 
tenant Edmonstoune, con- 
sisting of men of the 32nd, 
6+th, and 84ih regiments, they 
succeeded in spiking six guns, 
one of which, a twenty-four- 
[Hjunder, they were unable 
to deslroy on this occasion, 
Lieutenant Edmondsloune 
being slightly wounded. 

On 1st October, a detach- 
ment of the regiment, under 
Lieutenant Cooke, was sent 
out to protect parties employ- 
ed in destroy mg houses 
occupied by the enemy. 

On the same day another 

detachment of the regiment, 

attached to the Madras Fusiliers, went out for (he purpose of 

occupying some houses in the vicinity. After being in possession of 

them two days Ihey were withdrawn. 

No more sorties were made after this, as the enemy ceased to 
occupy the ground near the river. 

The casualties now became fewer, but the privations endured 




GENERAL EDMONOSTOUNE. 



. mosl gullanl officer, who^even among Ihe many whose valour wm c 
IE during ihc evenlful period— was particulaily dislinguished. 



i 



32nd regiment, S 

during the long siege began lo display its effect on a great number of 
the men. Symptoms of scurvy became apparent, and its effects on 
the wounded were pernicious in the extreme. 

Note. — The relieving column now occupied the series of palaces, i 
continuation of the Residency, stretching along the banks of the Goomtee, , 
During the interval between 26th September and the final relief of the ' 
garrison, on November 17th, General Havelock continually experienced | 
the extreme difficulty of defending his widely- extended line. With very 
insufficient means — incessantly harassed as he was by an unwearied and 
subtle fire — he commenced a system of mining, which, though requiri 
incessant care night and day, yet were his chief means of defence. 
General Outram wrote, " I am aware of no parallel lo our series of mine 
"in modern war; iwcnty-one shafts, aggregating two hundred feet ii 
" depth, and three thousand two hundred and ninety-one feet of gallery 
" have been executed." Many scenes of thrilling interest were enacted in 
these mines and hstcning galleries, reflecting the greatest credit on all 
concerned. 

At last the gunpowder of the garrison began lo fail, and something 
had to be done to counteract the strategy of the cunning enemy. 

A sort of subterranean cordon, or intercepting mine, was 
constructed around the more advanced and exposed portion of 
Havelock's position. Numerous shafts were sunk, and from these, 
listening galleries were constructed, three feet in height and two feet 
in breadth, of great length, including the whole of that portion of 
their position open to attack by mining. In these, engineers were 
placed, constantly listening to discover tbe approach of the enemy's 
works, that Ibey might break into their mine?, or destroy them by 
small charges of powder before they could reach Havelock's 
subterranean boundary. The value of this novel defence, executed 
under the pressure of an unprecedented exigency, was repeatedly 
tested, and invariably with tbe same results. 

October had passed, and Novemlier was passing apace ; the hopes 
of the garrison existed on the scanty reports brought in by the spies 
or communicated to them through a semaphore that bad been 
extemporized upon the roof of the Alum Bagh. News of the advance 
of Sir Colin Campbell was thus conveyed about the 12th, and of his 
junction with Brigadier Grant's column, then on its way lo Lucknow, 



■2m 



HIHTOBXAL RECOBDS OF THH 



and on the same evening thev heaid of his arrival at the Alum Bo^ 
On die 15tb, the march of the general to the Residency, mth a fijice 
a{ five chouaand men, was semaphoned, and from that momeat 
everyone was on the watch lo mark his progress. 

Regardless of the danger, courageous pities mounted to the tower 
of the Residency, while not a few joined the look-oat an die lop of 
the post-office. Here they were enabled to mark his coarse, while the 
smoke and fire indicated plainly his steady advance to their relie£ 

Instead of crossing the canal at ifae bridge of the Char Ba^ as 
Havelocic had done, on leaving the Alam B^h, Sir Colin at once 
diverged to the right, crossing the country to the Dilkoosha, a small 
palace surrounded by gardens, about three miles from the Residency. 
AAer a running fight of two hours, they drove the enemy down the 
park to the Martiniere, leaving that building, as well as the Dilkoosha, 
in the hands of Sir Colin Campbefl. 

Early neia mortiing Sir Colin began his march on the Sibtoder 
Bogh, a strong square building surrounded by a wall of solid 
masonry— -as usual, loophoied for musketry. It was evident that 
there would be a cusse! for this ; a vilbge on the opposite side of the 
toad was likewise held by the enemy, as was also the ground on the 
left of our advance. The general first cleared the way with his 
artillery, who were exposed to a merciless fire in reaching the 
position, and Snally launched his infantry — the 53rd Regiment and 
93fd Highlanders — at them, who quickly made themselves masters, 
and drove the enemy dying upon ihe position across the plain. 

" The sight fi-om the Residea^," says an eye-witness, " was very 
"fine. We could observe the enemy retiring, and our guns 
" advancing through openings m the trees. Occasionally a staff 
" ot&cer was seen dashing across, and once a group of mounted 
" officers— supposed to be Sir Colin and his staff— appeared, and 
" disappeared again. The firing of heavy guns, and the smoke rising 
"io the clear air, wiifa occasional glimpses of the troops, added 
" greatly to the effect of a naturally beautiftil landscape" 

Meanwhile the artillery were pounding away at the walls of the 
Sikunder Bagh, with httle effect At last a breach was made, or, 
rather, a hole of two feet square, and then began a charge which for 



32nd regiment, 

heroic daring has newer been surpassed, and rarely equalled. The 
Highlanders and Sikhs rushed to the wall, and through that hole they 
dragged themselves in upon Ihe foe. The fight inside lasted the 
greater part of the day ; the enemy fought like rats in a hole, but were 
finally overcome. From this the next objective was a mosque — 
Shah Nujjeef— surrounded by a garden, protected by a strong wall 
which had been loopholed with great care. After a cannonading of 
three hours, the 93rd stormed it. The advancing party were aided by 
the preparations made by the beleagured garrison. To co-operate as 
much as possible, and with this intention, several mines which had 
been charged were exploded, and some positions seized which 
materially assisted Sir Colin. 

To quote from Sir Colin's despatch, " on the next day communica- 
"tions were opened from the left rear of the barracks to the canal, 
"after overcoming considerable difficulty," in which Captain Peel, 
Royal Navy, Captains Wolseley, 90th, Hopkins, Guise, and Lieutenant 
Powlett, took an active part. The last stand was made by the enemy 
at Motee Mahal, who was overcome in the course of an hour, and 
communication with the Residency was accomplished. 

During the following days the sick and wounded, with the women 
and children, were conveyed to the camp in the Diikoosha Park, and 
on the night of 22nd October the Residency and its defences were 
finally evacuated. The regiment marched out under the command 
of Captain Bassano, the enemy again offering no molestation nor 
being apparently aware of the departure of the garrison. 

In terminating this meagre sketch of the principal events that 
marked the defence of the Residency of Lucknow, no comments 
more pathetic or illustrative could be added than the following 
extract from the despatch of Brigadier Inglis, then lieutenant-colonel 
of the 32nd regiment : 

" If further proof be wanting of the desperate nature of the 
"struggle which we have, under God's blessing, so long and so 
" successfully waged, I could point to the roofless and ruined houses, 
"to the crumbled walls, to the exploded mines, to the open breaches, 
"to the shattered and disabled guns and defences, and — lastly— to 



210 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



i 



"[he long and melancholy list of brave and devoted officers and 

" men who have fallen. These silent witnesses bear sad and solemn 
"testimony to the way in which this public position has been 
"defended. 

" During the early part of these vicissitudes we were left without 
"any information whatever of the position of affairs outside. An 
"occasional spy did, indeed, come in with the object of inducing our 
"Sepoys and servants to desert, but the intelligence derived from 
"such sources was, of course, entirely untrustworthy. We sent our 
"messengers daily, calling for aid and asking for information, none of 
"whom ever returned until the 26th day of the siege, when a 
"pensioner, named Nugud, came back with a letter from General 
" Havelock's Camp informing us that they were advancing with a 
" force sufficient to bear down all opfwsition, and would be with us in 
"five or six days. A messenger was immediately despatched, 
" requesting that on the evening of their arrival on the outskirts of 
"the city two rockets might be thrown up, in order that we might 
"take the necessary measures in assisting them white farcing their 

" The sixth day, however, expired and they came not ; but, for 
" many evenings after, officers and men watched for the ascension of 
"the expected rockets with hopes such as make the heart sick. 

"We knew not then, nor did we learn until the 29th August, or 
"thirty-five days later, that the relieving force, after having fought 
" most nobly to effect our deliverance, had been obliged to fall back 
" for reinforcements, and this was the last communication we received 
"until two days before the arrival of Sir James Outram on the 
" 25th September. 

" Besides heavy visitations of cholera and small-pox, we have also 
"had to contend against a sickness which has almost universally 
"pervaded the garrison. Commencing with a very painful eruption, 
" it has merged into a low fever, combined with diarrhcea ; but, 
"although few or no men have actually died from its effects, it leaves 
"behind a weakness and lassitude which — in the absence of all 
" material substances, save coarse beef, and still coarser flour — none 
" have been able entirely to get over. 



33nD RECIMENl. 



"The mortality among the women and children — especially the 
" latter — from these diseases, and from other causes, has been perhaps 
" the most painful characteristic of (he siege. 

"The want of native servants has also been a source of much 
" privation, owing to the suddenness with which we were besieged. 
"Many of these people — who might, perhaps, have otherwise proved 
" faithful to their employers, but who were outside the defences at the 
"time — were altogether excluded; very many more deserted, and 
"several families were consequently left without ihe services of a 
"single domestic. Several ladies had to tend their children and even 
" wash their own clothes, as well as to cook their scanty meals entirely 
" unaided. Combined with the absence of servants, the want of 
" proper accommodation has probably been the cause of much of the 
"disease with which we have been afflicted. 

"I cannot refrain from bringing to the prominent notice of His 
"Lordship in Council the patient endurance and the Christian 
'■resignation that has been evinced by the women of the garrison. 
" They have animated us by their example. Many, alas, have been 
" made widows, and their children fatherless, in the cruel struggle. 
" But all such seemed resigned to the will of Providence, and many — 
"among whom may be mentioned the honoured names of Birch 
" Polebampton, of Barber, and of Gall, have — after the example of 
" Miss Nightingale — constituted themselves the tender and solicitous 
" nurses of the wounded and dying soldiers in the hospital." 

The following acknowledgments of the heroic services and the 
gallant conduct of the officers and men of the regiment is extracted 
from a despatch of the Governor-Genera! in Council : — 

" The Good Services of Her Majesty's 32nd Regiment throughout the 
" struggle have been remarkable. To the watchful courage and sound 
"judgment of its Commander — Brigadier Inglis — the British Govern- 
"ment owes a heavy debt of gratitude, and Major Lowe, Captain 
" Bassano, Lieutenants Edmondstoune, Foster, Harraan, I,awrence, 
"Clery, Cooke, Browne, and Charleton, and Quarter-Master Stribiing 
"are praised by their superior as having severally distinguished 
" themselves. The Officers here mentioned received the thanks of the 



212 HI3TOKICAL RXCOROS OP THE 



"Gcnremor-GeoeTal in CoondL A fiorther ackoamiedffneal of the 
" services rendered was made by granting an addititHul gear's serrice 
" to every Officer and man engaged in the defence of Lockiiow, and by 
" making the Regiment into Light In&ntiy." 

On evacuating Lucknow the lament proceeded to Cawnpore, and 
arrived there on 30th November. It was engaged in the action of 
Cawnpore and pursuit of the Gwalier Contingent on 6ih December, 
under Sir Colin Campbell. 

The regiment remained at Cawnpore from 6th December to the 
end of the year. 

1858. 

The regiment was stationed at Cawnpore on Ist Januaiy, IS5S, and 
was employed on field service in the district of Caipce, with a column 
under Colonel Maxwell, C.B., 8Sth regiment, during February and 
March. It proceeded with this column to assist the army engaged in 
the operations against Lucknow, but returned the same month to 
ganison Cawnpore. 

On I5th January, this year. Colonel Inglis was promoted to the 
rank of major-general for his services during the defence of Lucknow. 
He was succeeded in the command of the regiment by Colonel 
Berkeley, who did not, however, Itjng survive his promotion, as he 
died at Aden, on his way from India, in September of the same year. 
He was succeeded by Lieutenant-Colonel Carmichael. 

In April the regiment was removed from Cawnpore to Allahabad, 
but again formed part of a column on field service in May, under 
Colonel Berkely, c.B., 32nd, sent, in co-operation with the Rajah 
of Benares' force, to protect the villages of Goopegunge and 
Palee, in the Allahabad district, from being pillaged by the rebel 
chief — Iwin-Sing — who, at the head of a large force, was threatening 
both these places. It returned again to Allahabad at the end of 
the month. 

The following memorandum was issued from the Horse Guards : 
" 14ih May, 1868. 
" Her Majesty, in consideration of the enduring gallaniry displayed in 
" the defence of the Residency of Lucknow, has been pleased to direct that 






32nd REGIMENt. 2l3 

"the 32nd Regiment be clothed, equipped, and trained as a light infantry 
" regiment from 26th February last 

" Her Majesty has also been pleased to command that the word " Luck- 
" now " shall be borne ou the regimental colour of the 32nd Light Infantry, 
" in commemoration of the enduring fortitude and persevering gallantry 
" displayed in the defence of the Residency of Lucknow for eighty-seven 
" days. 

" By order of H.R.H. the General Commanding-in-Chief, 

"(Signed) G. A. Wetherall, A.G." 

In July the regiment marched from Allahabad and joined the field 
force, under Brigadier Berkely, at Soroon, in Oudh. It was present 
at the capture of forts Detreign — July 13th — and Tyrhool — July 17th 
and 18th.* 

The regiment subsequently proceeded to Petabghur, was thence 
removed to Sultanpore, where it joined the force under Brigadier 
General Horseford, c.b., and was present with this force at the action of 
Doadpore and the defeat of the Nusserabad Brigade (Mutineers), 
October 20th, 1858. 

From this time it formed part of the army engaged in the reduction 
of the province of Oudh, under the personal command of His 
Excellency the Commander-in-Chief, Lord Clyde, and Major-General 
Sir H. Grant, k.c.b., until November. 

About this time the regiment was detached with a column, under 
Lieutenant-Colonel Carmichael, 32nd, which (acting in conjunction 
with the commander in-chiefs force) was sent in pursuit of the rebel 
chief, Beni Maduo, to the banks of the Gogra, across which he was 
successfully driven. 

It was subsequently employed with the same column in disarming 
the population of the province of Oudh. 

1869. 

The regiment formed part of the movable column employed on 
field service in the district of Roy Barielly, under Lieutenant-Colonel 



• The services of Captain Colls, as Beld-engineer, were specially mentioned in 
despatches in connexion with these operations. He subsequently served as deputy- 
assistant quarter-master-general to Brigadier Pinckney's force in Oudh. 



214 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



^ 



Carmichael, from Isl 10 20ih January, 1859. It arrived at Roy 
Barielly on the 21st, and marched, en route to Allahabad, on the 22nd, 
arriving there on the 27th. 

The regiment left Allahabad in three detachments by bullock 
train tn reule to Chinsurah. The first detachment on 10th, the second 
on 11th, and head -quarters on 12th February-, Thewhole arrived at 
Chinsurah by the 28th, where the regiment remained until 28ih March, 
when it embarked for England on board the troopship Atbuhtra. It 
sailed on 24th April, leaving behind six officers and fifty rank and 
file for whom tonnage had not been taken up. 

.-\ftet being upwards of five months at sea, the regiment disembarked 
at Portsmouth on 26th August, 1859, and proceeded by rail the same 
day to Dover, where it remained until August the following year. 

Her Majesty having signified her gracious intention to inspect the 
regiment on disembarkation at Portsmouth, on 26th August, it was 
drawn up for that purpose in the Dockyard, at 11 a.m , under com- 
mand of Lieu ten ant-Col on el Carmichael, c.b., who had met the 
regiment on arrival. 

A few minutes after the lime mentioned. Her Majesty arrived, 
accompanied by the Prince Consort and other members of the Royal 
Family, being received by a Royal salute, and at once proceeded to 
inspect the regiment, walking down both ranks, frequently stopping 
lo ask questions relative to the sufferings the regiment had undergone 
during the siege of Lucknow, in which Her Majesty evinced the 
warmest interest and sympathy. 

The regiment then marched past, and subsequently all the officers 
and men present who had actually been engaged in the defence of 
the Residency of Lucknow, were, at the request of Her Majesty, 
marched lo the front, and were most graciously addressed by the 
Queen, who spoke in the warmest terms of the gallantry of the regi- 
ment during the memorable defence of Lucknow, and congratulated 
the survivors on their safe return. 

Her Majesty also congratulated Lieutenant-Colonel Carmichael on 
the soldierly bearing and clean appearance of his men, remarking that 
they looked rather as if they had just come from barracks than off a 
long voyage after an arduous campaign. 



i 



32nd regiment. 215 

Subsequently some of the plate belonging to the mess of the regi- 
ment, which had been curiously damaged and twisted by shot and shell 
during the siege of Lucicnow, was graciously accepted by Her Majesty, 
who commanded Lord Grey to inform the regiment that she should 
always look upon these objects as among the most interesting of the 
sort in the collection in the Museum at Windsor Castle, where they 
were deposited. 

1860. 

The regiment left Dover on 6th August, 1860, proceeding by rail 
to Aldershot, where it arrived the same day. 

While stationed at Dover the regiment was inspected by H.R. H. the 
Dukeof Cambridge, the commander-in-chief, who expressed himself in 
the most complimentary manner regarding the efficiency and discipline. 

The strength of the headquarters on its arrival in England was 
only three hundred and forty rank and file, while the depot — con- 
sisting of the 11th and 12th companies, which had moved some 
months previously from Chatham to Dover — numbered six hundred 
and thirty-two. 

The depot soldiers were almost all young and untrained, so that 
reorganising the regiment was attended with nearly as much trouble 
as raising a new one. 

On 25th September, this year, Lieutenant-Colonel Carrntchael 
retired on half-pay, and Major Siapylton succeeded lo the command 
of the regiment. 

1861. 

The regiment remained stationed at Aldershot until 2!st August, 
1861, occupying the permanent barracks, South Camp. On that dale 
the head-quarters and six companies, under Lieutenant-Colonel 
Stapyllon, proceeded by rail to Portsmouth, and from thence, in 
H.M.S. Magara, to Plymouth. The remainder of the regiment, with 
the exception of one company — detached to Horlield on the 27th — 
marched from Aldershot to Portsmouth on the 2(Jth, from whence 
they, likewise, proceeded in the same ship to Plymouth. 

While in this station six companies were quartered in the Citadel, 
Plymouth, three companies in the Raglan barracks, Devonport, and 
one company at Horfield, near Bristol. 



HISTORICAL RbCORDS OF THE 



1862, 

The regiment remained distributed as before-mentioned until 
14th AuRust, 1862, when the company at Horfield was withdrawn, 
and on the 22nd of the same month the whole of the regiment moved 
to Ragian barracks, Devonpori. 

1863, 

The regiment remained at Devonport until April, on the 4th of 
which month the head-quarters and left wing, under Lieutenant- 
Colonel Stapyl ton, proceeded, on board H.M.S. Magara, to Dublin, 
and from thence straight on to the Curragh, The other wing left 
Plymouth, in the same ship, on the IT'th, and arrived at the Curragh 
on the 17th, where the regiment was stationed until 23rd Sepiembei, J 
On that dale the left wing proceeded by march-route, via Naas, toi] 
Dublin. The right wing and head- quarters, under Lieutenant-Coionel 
Slapylton, left by the same route on the 24th, and arrived in Dublin 
the following day. The regiment was quartered at Richmond 
barracks, and there remained until May, the following year. 

1864. 

On 26ih of May, 1864, the regiment was again removed to the 
Curragh. The left wing proceeded thither by march-route, via 
Naas, and the right wing, with the head-qua riers, followed the 
next day. The regiment was quartered in the huts while at the 
Curragh. 

In September the regiment was moved into winter quarters, the 
head-quarters and one wing to Waterford, the other wing to 
Kilkenny. 

The wings proceeded to their respective stations by march of 
parlies, not more than two companies at a time. 

The first two companies of the head-quarter wing left the Curragh 
on 26th September, two more companies the following day, and the 
fifth company, with Ihe bead- quarters, on the 28th. These parties 
halted for the night as follows : first night, Athy ; second night, 
Carlow ; third night, Bjgnalsiown ; fourth night, Thomastown ; and 



L 



32nd regiment. 217 

on the fifth day arrived at Waterford. The head-quarter party halted 
the whole of Sunday at Thomastown, and marched into Waterford 
the following day. The distance from the Curragh to Waterford is 
about seventy-five English miles. 

The left wing proceeded lo Kilkenny in two parlies. The first 
left the Curragh on the 29ih, and the other the following day, halting 
for the night respectively at Athy and Castlecomer, and marching into 
Kilkenny on the third day. 

On 25th November one company, with its officers, was de- 
tached from the head-quarter wing to Uuncanoon Fort. 

1865. 

On 1st February the depot companies rejoined the service com- 
panies, as regiments stationed at home were no longer allowed to have 
companies detached at depots. 

On 27th March tiie regiment was again moved to ihe Curragh by 
rail, for the purpose of " formation," prior to embarkation for " foreign 
service ; " it being then under orders to proceed to Gibraltar. 

It remained at the Curragh until 28th June, on which day it pro- 
ceeded by rail to Dublin, thence by rai! to Kingstown, and there 
embarked, on board the troopship Himalaya, for Gibraliar, The 
Himalaya sailed immediately the regiment embarked; and, after a 
fine passage, reached Gibrahar on 3rd July. It disembarked on the 
following evening, and was encamped at the North Front, pending the 
embarkation for Canada of the +th battalion Rifle Brigade, which 
corps the 32nd Light Infantry had gone out to relieve. On 8th July 
the regiment moved to Europa Point barracks. 

The depot companies (two in number) under command of Captain 
H. Priestley, were left at the Curragh camp on the embarkation of the 
regiment, from whence they proceeded lo Cork on 31st June, and 
were attached to the I4th depot battalion. On 19th October the 
depot, together with the Hth depot battalion, removed to Buttevant. 

1886. 

The regiment remained quartered in Europa Point and Buena 

Visu barracks during the whole of this year. On 10th July, 1866, 



L 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Colonel Stapylton retired on half-pay, and Lieu ten ant- Colonel 
Johnston, Irom half-pay, succeeded to the command of the 
regiment. 

The regiment remained in barracks at Europa Point and Buena 
Visia till 4lh May, when it embarked on board the troopship Oronlts 
for conveyance to Mauritius, where it arrived on 4th July, and 
disembarked on the following day. The regiment remained until the 
9th in barracks at Port Louis, on which day four companies proceeded 
to Mahebourg, and the headquarters and four companies tht 
following day, leaving two companies at Port Louis under the 
command of Lieutenant- Colonel Bassano. 

On 13lh July the depot was removed from Buttevant to Colchester, 
where it arrived on the 16th, and was attached to the 8th depot 
battalion. 

1867. 

On 18th May, 1867, Brevet Major Edmondstoune assumed 
command of the depfit, in place of Captain Priestly, who rejoined 
head-quarters. 

1868. 

The detachment of the regiment stationed at Port Louis suffered 
greatly from the malarious fever prevalent in that town, and was 
consequently reduced to one company ; Lieutenant-Colonel Bassano 
joining the head-quarters of the regiment, which continued at 
Mahebourg until Hth November, when it proceeded by rail to Port 
Louis, and embarked on board H.M.S. Urgent, to East 
London, South Africa, It disembarked on the 23rd and 2-Hh 
November, and marched to fort Beaufort, where it arrived on 7th 
December, having left one company, under the command of Captain 
the Honble. R. H. de Montmorency, at East London, 

One company — composed of men whose health had suffered to a 
considerable extent from the Mauritius fever — under command of 
Captain Hardinge, was sent to the Cape of Good Hope on 12th 
August, where they continued stationed until the end of the year. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Johnston proceeded on leave of absence on 12th 
August, and Colonel Bassano assumed the command of the 
regiment 



32nd regiment. 



Ii 



1869. 

The regiraent embarked on Hth November, 1868, for the Cape, 
landed on the 24th, and proceeded to fort Beaufort, where it 
remained until 1st July, 1S69, and then marched to tirahams- 
town. 

Lieutenant-Colonel the Honble. B. M. Ward succeeded Lieutenant- 
Colonel Johnston, the latter officer retiring on full pay on 12th June. 
Lieutenant Colonel Ward took over the command of the regiment 
from Colonel Bassano on 19th November, 1869. 

On 6th May the depot was removed from Colchester to 
Winchester and attached to the 7th depot battalion. 

On 30ih September, Captain Stabb assumed command of the 
depot in place of Brevet Lieutenanl-Colonel Edmondstoune, who 
rejoined head -quarters. 

1870. 

On the breaking up of the dep&t battalion system, the depot 
companies were removed from Winchester, on 22nd March, and 
arrived in Edinburgh on the 26th, where they were attached to the 
90th Light Infantry. 

A draft— consisting of two sergeants, one corporal, and fifty 
privates — embarked at Portsmouth, under the command of Captain 
Lakin, on board the troopship Himalaya, for conveyance to service 
companies, on 30th April, 1870. 

The head-quarters, and " C," " E," " G," and "H" companise, 
marched from Grahamstown on loth June, tn rouU to Port 
Elizabeth, embarked on the 2Ist, on board the Himalaya, for 
conveyance to Natal, and disembarked at Port Natal on 30th June 
and 1st July ; proceeded on 2nd July en route to Pietermaritzburg, 
where it arrived on 5th July, leaving "G" company, under 
the command of Captain E. Lakin and Lieutenant Phillips, at 
Durban. 

" A,'' " B," " D," and " F " companies still remained in the Cajje 
Colony, under the command of Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel J, 
Edmondstoune. 



A 



HISTORICAL KEC0RC5 OF THE 



1 



1871. 

A draft— consisting of Lieutenant TurnbuU, one sergeant, and sixty- 
nine privates — embarked at Portsmouth, on board the troopship 
Tamar, for conveyance to service companies, on 7lh April, 1871. 

On 6th June the depot companies, with the 90th Light Infantry, 
moved from Edinburgh to Glasgow, where they were quartered in the | 

barracks at GaJlowgaie. I 

On 1st November, Captain Cherry assumed command of the depot, 
in place of Captain Stabb, who embarked lo rejoin service companies. | 

The head-quarters and four companies of the regiment remained | 

stationed at Natal, and the left-wing — consisting of four companies — i 

at King William's Town, Cape of Good Hope. 

On 17th October the head-quarters marched from Pielermaritzburg | 

to Durban, Natal, where it arrived on the 20th, and encamped 
there until the 5th November, on which day it embarked, on board 
the troopship Tamar, for conveyance to Mauritius, arriving on ' 

16ih November, and disembarked the same day. The bead-quarters 
and three companies proceeded by train, the same afternoon, to 
Mahebourg, there to be stationed. i 

One company, under the command of Captain J. G. Slopford, and j 

Lieutenant C. F. A. Turnbull, re-embarked, on board the Tamar, on 
25th November, for passage lo the Cape, to join the left wing of the 
regiment at King William's Town, where it still remamed stationed. | 

On 15ih December, Lieutenant-Colonel the Honble. B. M. Ward j 

proceeded on leave of absence, and Major the Honble. R. H de I 

Montmorency assumed the command of the regiment i 

1872. 

The head-quariers and three companies of the regiment were I 

stationed at Mahebourg, Mauritius, and the left wing — consisting of j 

five companies — at the Cape of Good Hope, on 1st January. — 

On 1st Aprd the head-quarters and " C " and " G " companies were 
removed to camp at Point D'Esney, leaving " H " company at Mahe- 
bourg, owing to the increased number of admissions lo Hospital from 
malarious fever, where ihcy remained until 31st July, returning to 



i 



32nd regiment. 

Mahebourg for the purpose of proceeding to Port 1-ouis on the 
following day, 

A draft — consisting of two sergeants, one bugler, and thirty-five 
rank and file, under the command of Captain Trueman — left Glasgow 
on 5th July for embarkation at Queenstown on board the Himalaya, 
which sailed for Mauritius on 9ih July. 

On 22nd July the depot companies, with the 90th Light Infantry, 
moved from Glasgow to Aldershot, arriving on the 27th. 

On 1st August — with the exception of one officer and twenty-five 
non-commissioned officers and men, who remained on detachment at 
Mahebourg — the head-quarters and " C," " G," and " H " companies 
proceeded to Port Louis by special train, and were quartered in Line 
barracks on arrival and until 11th September, when the head- 
quarters, staff, band, S:c., under the command of Major the Honble. 
R, H. de Montmorency, embarked, on board the //ima/aya, for the 
Cape of Good Hope. 

The Himalaya sailed immediately after embarkation, and — after a 
line passage— reached East London on the evening of 19th Septem- 
ber. As it was too late to disembark that day, the troops left 
the ship early on the following morning. The head-quarters and 
the before-mentioned companies remained at East London until 2lst, 
when they proceeded, by march, to King William's Town, arriving 
on 24th September. 

A detachment from the left wing — consisting of one subaltern, one 
assistant -surgeon, and ihirty-fout non-commissioned officers and men, 
under the command of Major VV. J. Anderson — marched from King 
William's Town on 22nd August, en route to East London, where they 
arrived on 24th August, and embarked the following day, on board the 
Himalaya, for Mauritius, to relieve the headquarters &c. The 
Himalaya arrived at Mauritius on 6th September, and the detachment 
disembarked the following day at Cannonier Point, and were placed 
in quarantine, owing to some cases of fever having occurred during 
the voyage. 

On 20th September it proceeded to Port Louis, and Major W. J. 
Anderson assumed command of the detachment stationed at 
Mauritius. 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF 1 



^ 



1873. 
On 10th March, 1873, the depot companies ceased to be attached 

lo the 90th Light Infantry, and marched from Aldershot, under com- 
mand of Captain Hardinge, en mute to Portsmouth, where they 
embarked the same day, on board the Himalaya, for conveyance to 
Devonport. They disembarked on lllh March, and marched to 
Fort Treganile, being attached lo the 2nd Queen's until 26th April, 
when the 35th Brigade Depot was formed. 

1874. 
"A" and "B" companies, under the command of Captains J. 
Edmondsloune (brevet lieutenant-colonel) and H, R. Hardinge, and 
Lieutenants C. F. A. Turnbull and W, H. Hammans, embarked at 
East London, on 7th July, in the hired transport EUzabelh Martin for 
conveyance Ip Mauritius, for the purpose of relieving the detachment 
of the regiment there stationed. They arrived at Mauritius on the 
evening of 17th July, and disembarked on the 20th. 

On 22nd July " C " and " H " companies, under the command of 
Captain Slabb and Lieutenants A. Clarke and C. F. N. Le Qneene, 
embarked at Mauritius for the Cape, arriving at East London on 1st 

" D " and " F " companies, under the command of Captain A- H. 
Trueman and Lieutenants R. Phillips, C. E, C. Inglefield, and H. R. 
Saunders, embarked at East London, on 1st August, for Mauritius, 
where they arrived on the lOlh, and disembarked the following day. 

"G" company, under the command of Captains C. E. Le M. Cherry 
and H. R. Hardinge, and Lieutenants J. J. Glascottand H. S. Woods, 
embarked at Mauritius for the Cape, on 15lh August, and arrived at 
East London on the 24ih. This completed the relief of the detach- 
ment, leaving the half-battalion under command of Major W. J. 
Anderson, and the head-quarter half-battalion under command of 
Colonel and Lieutenant-Colonel the Honble. B. M. Ward, at King 
William's Town, Cape of Good Hope. 

Authority was granted on 1 4th December (No. P.C., 32nd Foot, 333) 
for a special device (the Cornish Arms) to be worn on the collar of 
the tunic. 




i 



33nd regiment. 



1875. 

The head-quarters and four companies of the regiment remained at 
the Cape of Good Hope, and the left h al f- ball al ion ^ — viz,, four com- 
panies—at Mauritius during the year. On 3rd December, 
Lieu tenant- Co Ion el and Brevet Colonel the Honble. B. M. Ward pro- 
ceeded on leave of absence, pending retirement, and Major the 
Honble. R. H. de Montmorency assumed the command of the 
regiment. 

1876. 

On 22nd March, Lieu tenant- Colonel and Brevet Colonel the 
Honble. B. M. Ward retired, on half-pay, and on 1st April, 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Colonel Thomas Wright Martin, 
half-pay, 7lh Foot, was gazetted lieutenant-colonel, pra Honble. 
B. M. Ward, and retired from the service on Hth June, on which 
dale Major the Honble. R. H. de Montmorency was gazetted 
lieutenant- colonel of the regiment. 

On IDih July the half- bat tali on stationed at Mauritius, under the 
commaud of Major W. J. Anderson, embarked, on board the hired 
transport S/. Lawrence, for passage to the Cape of Good Hope. It 
arrived at East London on the 28th, and disembarked the following 
day. Tbree ■ ompanies proceeded, by rail, to Blaney the same day, 
marching from thence to King William's Town, where they arrived in 
the evening and joined the head-quarter half-battation. 

"A" company, with men from other comj.)anies to complete the 
required strength of one bundled non-commissioned officers and men, 
remained at East London on detachment. 

1877. 
The regiment remained at the Cape of Good Hope until 13th 
April, when the left half-battalion — consisting of "B," "C," "E," and 
" H " companies, under the command of Major W. J. Anderson, pro- 
ceeded, by rail, to East London and embarked on board the troopship 
Himalaya on the following day for conveyance to England, arriving at 
Plymouth on 2'lth May, disembarked on 25th, and proceeded, by 
march route, to Fort Tregantle the same day, where it was stationed. 



224 



HISTORICAL RECOKDS OF THE 



The head-quaners of the regiment, and " A," " D," " F," and " G 
companies, remained at the Cape of Good Hope until I6th and I7th 
August, when it embarked, on board the troopship Orontes, for con- 
veyance to England, under the command of Lieutenaut-Co!oneI the 
Honble. R. H. de Montmorency, and arrived at Plymouth on the 
evening of 23nd September, disembarking on the 24th, when the head- 
quarters and " F" company proceeded to Fort Treganile, there lo be 
stationed, and the remaining companies — "A," " D," and "G" — to 
Raglan batracks, Devonport. 

The following order was received by the regiment on arrival in 
England : 

" General Order Na 108. 

" Head -Quarters, Cape Town, 

" 1st October, 1877. 

"His Excellency Lieutenant- General Sir A. T. Cunynghamc, K.G.B., 
"commanding in South Africa, regrets that his absence from Head- 
" Quarters at a very distant part of his Divisional Command prevented him 
" from giving expression to his sentiments at the lime of the departure for 
"England of that very distinguished Regiment the Thirty-Second 
"(Cornwall) Light Infantry. 

" The long service of this Regiment in South Africa has been charac- 
"terised by a constant adherence to its duty. 

"Supported by the exertions of the Commanding Officer, the Officers, 
" N.C. Officers, and men, the Regiment has at all times succeeded in pre- 
" serving the excellent Regimental System, the pride of our army, doing 
" credit and honor lo themselves and so highly beneficial to the interests 
"of their Country, and which, as their General, he has such pleasure iit 
" bearing testimony to. 

"To Colonel the Honble. R. H. de Montmorency and His Regiment, His 
" Excellency expresses his warmest wishes for their continued prosperity." 



On 29th October a draft of two corporals, one bugler, and seventy- 
eight privates left Fort Tre^antle to join the 46th Regiment — the 
linked battalion under the new organisation — at Bermuda. 

On 1st November the regiment was concentrated in the South 
Raglan barracks, relieving the 36th Regiment, which proceeded to 
Pembroke Dock. 



^ 



32nd regiment. 225 



1878. 

The regiment remained quartered in the South Raglan barracks, 
Devonport, during the year. 

Owing to the serious aspect of affairs in the east of Europe, it was 
necessary to fill up regiments first on the roster for foreign service, 
and the 32nd (only just home) was called upon to volunteer, over one 
hundred men coming forward. 

In April the Army and Militia Reserves were mobilized, and the 
establishment of the regiment increased to one thousand and ninety- 
six, all ranks. In July these reserves were demobilized, and the Army 
Reserve men posted to the regiment were retransferred to the Ply- 
mouth division, and the Militia Reserve men to the Royal Cornwall 
Rangers Militia. 

Regiments in India falling short of drilled soldiers for carrying on 
the war against the Afghans, the regiment was called upon to give 
men, and a number volunteered to join regiments on active service in 
Afghanistan. 

A sad disaster at the Cape of Good Hope, in which the 1st battalion 
of the 24th Regiment was cut to pieces, rendered it necessary to call 
again upon the regiment for volunteers, and a number of men came 
forward for the 1st battalion 24th Regiment, 91st Highlanders, and 
94th Regiment. 

The difficulties of transport and other duties being so great at the 

Cape, it was determined to call upon officers to volunteer for special 

service. Captain C. E. Le M. Cherry and Lieutenant and Adjutant 

Cochrane embarked on 1st November, and proceeded to the Cape to 

be employed in that capacity. Shortly after. Lieutenant Cochrane 

resigned the adjutancy, and Lieutenant C. E. Heath was gazetted to 

the appointment. On 4th October the second draft, consisting of 

one sergeant and ninety-eight privates, embarked to join the Linked 

Battalion at Bermuda. 

1879. 

On 1st January the establishment was reduced from six hundred to 
five hundred rank and file. 

On Uth March the regiment left Raglan barracks, Devonport, and 

R 



426 HISTOBICAL RECORDS, 

embarked in the troopship Auiftana for conveyance to Portlaa^' 
arriving there oa ih« morning of the I:ith, relieving the "ind baiLalion 
30th Regiment, which left the same day, in the Atsiitatue, for ?ty- 
month. The whole regiment was concentrated in the Verne Citadel, 

On the departure of the regiment from Devonport, Lieutenant- 
Colonel the Honble. R. H, de Montmorency received the foltowmg 
complimentary order from Lieutenant-fleneral the Honble. Leicester 
Smyth, C.B., commanding Western District : 

" 1 am sorry that absence from Dcvonpim has pre\'enled me expressing 
"in person tn the S^nd Light Infantry the regret I feel at their departare 
"from the Western District, and my satisfactioD at their good conduct in 
"c|u»rters, cleanliness and smartness on parade, and attention to drill and 
" duties during the time they have been under my command. 

" Though it is not long since this Battalion landed frrmi abroad, yei the 
"changes in its ranks have been very many, necessitating constant exer- 
" lions on the part of the Officers and N on -Commissioned Officers, and 
"attention loinstruetiim on the part of the young soldiers who have joined. 
" The satisfactory condition of the Battalion shows how these conditions 
" have been fulfilled, and how well it deserves these few words of praise I 
" now with pleasure send to it. 

"Ireland, 12.3,79," 

In June, the establishment was further reduced from five hundred 
lo four hundred and eighty. 

On 30th September a draft — consisting of one sergeant, one 
corporal, and sixty-four privates— proceeded to Bermuda lo join the 
46th Regiment, leaving the regiment one hundred and fifty-two below 
ItR establishment. 

On 17th October the regiment embarked at Portland, on board 
the iroo|]ship Assistant, for Jersey, and disembarked at tkirey, on 
the norih-casi end of the island, on 31st and 32nd October, having 
been detained on board four days on account of the tempestuous 
state of llie wtalber. On the evening of the '2Ist, two companies, 
tinder command of Major and Brevet l.ieuienant-Colone! J. Edmond- 
sloune, disembarked, and marched to St. Peters, there lo be stationed. 
The hend-quariers landed the following morning and marched to Fort 
Regent, St. Heliers, 

During November and December the regiment was made up to its 
calabliihmcnl, receiving over two hundred recruits in those months, 



[ 227 ] 



SIXTH PERIOD. 



Home— Malta— India. 
1880. 

In 1880 the regiment was stationed at Jersey, head-quarters at 
Fort Regent and detachment at St. Peters, under the command of 
Brevet Major G. C. Swiney. 

On 24th February thirty-two volunteers left to join the 2nd battalion 
17th and 48th regiments in India. 

Major H. Sparke Stabb, from special duties at the Cape of Good 
Hope, on termination of the Zulu Campaign, rejoined the regiment 
in May. 

On 15th September a draft of eighty-three men embarked to join 
the 46th Regiment, which left the strength one hundred and eighteen 
below the establishment. 

On 12th October thirty-one recruits joined from the 35th Brigade 
Depot. 

On 20th November instructions were received that the regiment 
was to be held in readiness for Aldershot, and to embark at Gorey on 
Thursday, the 25th. The heavy baggage was packed up in readiness 
by the 24th, but the regiment did not embark until the 29th, the 
trans[)ort (H.M.S. Assistance) having been delayed by stress of 
weather at Portsmouth, with the relieving regiment (the 2nd battalion 
12th) on board. The regiment disembarked at Portsmouth on 
30th November, and was conveyed by special train to Aldershot, 
where it was attached to the 1st Brigade, and quartered in the " L," 
" P," " Q," and " S" Lines, South Camp. 

On 22nd December twenty men arrived from the 35th Brigade 
Depot to form part of a draft, then in course of preparation for the 
46th Regiment, to embark on 1st January. 



22j^ historical records of the 



1881. 

The regiment remained at Aldershot, quartered in " L," ** P," "Q," 
and *' S " Lines, South Camp, and attached to 1st Brigade 

On 1st January one hundred and forty-three non-commissioned 
officers and privates proceeded from Aldershot, and embarked at 
Portsmouth in the troopship Himalaya, to join the linked battalion 
(46th Regiment), stationed at Gibraltar. 

Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Colonel the Honble. R. H. de Mont- 
morency, having completed five years' service as regimental lieutenant- 
colonel, was, in consequence, placed on half-pay on 14th June. In 
succession to the vacancy thus caused, Major and Brevet-Colonel J. 
Edmondstoune was gazetted lieutenant-colonel ; but, retiring on half-pay 
on the 29th of the same month, the command of the regiment devolved 
upon Major H. S. Stabb, who was promoted to the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel on the latter date. 

On 18th June, Sergeant G. J. T. Webb obtained a commission as 
2nd lieutenant in the Noith Staffordshire Regiment, after a service of 
three years. 

Major-General J. B. Spurgin, c.b., c.s i., inspected the regiment on 
21st July, and subsequently a communication was received from H.R.H. 
the Field-Marshal Conimanding-in-Chief, expressing complete satis- 
faction with the result. 

Her Majesty having approved of the formation of Territorial Regi- 
ments — to be composed of four battalions, and designated by territorial 
titles— the 32nd Light Infantry became, on 1st July, the 1st battalion 
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, the ^nd battalion being formed 
by the tGth Regiment, and the 3rd battalion by the Royal Cornwall 
Rangers Militia. The 4th battalion has not )et been formed. 

The headquarters of the rcgimcnlal district remain at Bodmin, but 
is renumbered, '* 32." 

The regiment has had to deplore the loss of Quarter-Master, Cap- 
tain E. Vau-;han, who died on 24th September, 1H81, after a continuous 
service in the regiment of thirty years and five months. 

He was the oldest member of the regiment, and had distinguished 



32nd regiment. 229 

himself during the ever-memorable defence of Lucknow, having been 
recommended for the Victoria Cross for his gallant conduct. He was 
succeeded in his appointment by Regimental Sergeant-Major J. 
Conway, who was gazetted quarter-master on 30th November. 

1882. 

On 21st March, 1882, whilst stationed at Aldershot, a draft of sixty- 
three men was despatched to the 2nd battalion at Gibraltar. 

On 1st April the establishment of the 1st battalion was raised 
to six hundred and fifty rank and file. 

In consequence of this increase, recruiting had been very active 
throughout the year, and the regiment received thirty-three men from 
the 2nd battalion Middlesex (Edmonton) Royal Rifle Regiment 
(militia), when that corps was dismissed, after completion of its 
annual training. 

The average number of recruits that joined the battalion between 
June and December was about fifty-one per month. The majority 
were posted from the recruiting parties and sent direct to the 
regiment. Among them were very few West countrymen, and of 
these but a small number from Cornwall. They were principally from 
the county or neighbourhood in which the regiment had lately been 
stationed, viz., from Surrey and London. A few recruits were, 
however, derived from the Midland counties. 

The death occurred, in London, on 12th September, of Major- 
General Bassano, c.b., aged 56 years. The deceased had passed the 
whole of his regimental career in the 32nd regiment, the command of 
which devolved upon him on its withdrawal from the Residency, after 
the relief of the garrison of Lucknow by General Sir Colin Campbell. 

On 31st December the strength of the 1st battalion was seven 

hundred and ninety-eight. 

1883-84. 

On 15th September, 1883, Brevet Major Cochrane resigned the 
appointment as adjutant to the 1st battalion, being gazetted brigade- 
major at Hong-Kong. 

Lieutenants J. T. Bowles and A. D. Homfray, 1st battalion, 
volunteered, and embarked for service with 2nd battalion, in Egypt, 
on 4th December, 1884. 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



1 



1885. 

The IsE battalion remained stationed at Richmond barracks, 
Dublin, with a musketry detachment at the Curragh. 

Between January and May, three hundred and thirty-seven recruits 
joined from the depot. They were raised in all pans of the countrj', 
and — on the whole — were of fairly good physique. With the 
exception of a draft of one hundred and fifty, which joined in 
February, and which contained about eighty Irishmen, the recruits 
had a fair proportion of \Vest countrymen, a few being natives of 
Cornwall. Early in April the sad intelligence was conveyed to 
the Ist battalion, by telegraph, of the death of Lieutenant A. U. 
Homfray, which had taken place while he was on active .service with 
the 'Ind baltalion in the Soudan. This was subsequently confinned 
by a letter from the officer commanding 2nd battalion, in which he 
stated that Lieutenant Homfray had died of enteric fever, at Tami, 
on '2nd April, 1885, 

Lieutenant A. E. Bassano proceeded for service with the depot at 
Bodmin, on 9th May, 1HS5, in relief of Lieutenant H. P. Garnet t, who, 
on joining head-quarters, was ordered to the Curragh, in charge of 
the musketry detachment. 

On 13th April, l»e5. H.R.H. the Prince of Wales presented the 
battalion with new colours. The ceremony took place in the Castle 
Gardens, where the battalion was formed in review order, with every 
available man in the ranks. His Royal Highness addressed the 
battahon as follows : 

"Colonel Siabb, Officers, Non-commissioned Officers, and men of 
the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. — I consider it a high honor 
to be permitted to present New Colours to such a distinguished 
Regiment — one which, ever since it was raised in 1702, has as 
brilliant a record of service in ihe field as any Regiment in Her 
Majesty's army. Vou first served with the great Duke of Mori- 
borough in Flanders and then in America. Dellingen is the first 
name inscribed on your colours. In the great Peninsular war you 
specially distinguished yourselves, and sufi"ered heavy loss at Corunna 



32nd regiment. 231 

" and Salamanca. At Quatre Bras and Waterloo you lost more than 
" any other corps engaged, and the gallant Sir Thomas Picton was 
** killed at the head of the Regiment. Your next service was in India, 
"where you took part in the Punjaub campaign. Later, in 1857, you 
** greatly distinguished yourselves in the suppression of the Indian 
" Mutiay, and gallantly held the Residency of Lucknow during its 
"defence, from June to November. You were on that occasion com- 
" manded by Brigadier-General Inglis, who for these services was 
" created Major-General and Knight Commander of the Bath, while 
"you received the honor of being made Light Infantry. You, 
" Colonel Stabb, are, I believe, the only officer now present that served 
" during the Mutiny. When, nine years ago, I visited the remains of 
" the Residency of Lucknow, my attention was called specially to the 
" services of this Regiment. On your return the Queen and my father 
" inspected the Regiment, and personally thanked the Officers, non- 
" commissioned officers, and men for their gallant conduct at Lucknow, 
" and I feel doubly proud, as their son, to have the honor of present- 
" ing these new colours to you to-day. The latest records on your 
** colours are Egypt and Tel-el-Kebir. A Second Battalion, serving at 
" this moment in. the Soudan, has recently been added to you, which, 
" with the Royal Cornwall Rangers Militia, of which 1 am Honorary 
" Colonel, and two Volunteer Battalions, make up the Duke of 
** Cornwall's Light Infantry. From the title I bear, I am especially 
" proud to be connected with this fine regiment, and, in confiding 
" these colors to your care, I feel sure that the honor of your Sovereign 
" and your Country will ever be before you, as on former occasions, 
**and that in the future, as in the past, the roll of honorable 
" distinctions will ever increase." 

Lieutenant^Colonel Stabb, commanding the battalion, said, in reply : 

" May it please your Royal Highness. In the name of every 
"officer, non-commissioned officer, and man belonging to the 1st 
" Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, I have to offer our 
" most grateful thanks for the high honor you have this day done the 
" Regiment in presenting them with new colors. Your Royal Highness 
** has alluded in most gracious terms, to the past services of the 



232 HISTOKICAI, RECORDS OF THE 

" Regiment, and I think your Royal Highness will consider that I 
"cjnnot txprcss a teller hope— and I do so with great conlidence — 
'■ that, should occasion offer, these new colors may be as faithfully 
"guarded and as gallantly defended as were those carried by the 
"regimeat al Waterloo and Lucknow. Could further incentive be 
" wanted by a Kegimeni bearing a title so closely connected with your 
" Royal Highness to faithfully and gallantly perform its duty to Queen 
" and Country, that incentive has this day been given by the high 
" honor you have just conferred upon the Regiment, and which will 
" be handed down amongst its most cherished records. This honor 
" will, I know, be also fully appreciated by the 2nd and 3rd battalions 
" of the Regiment, and, I believe, every soldier in the Army. Again, 
"your Royal Highness, I beg lo ihank j-ou, in the name of the 
'' regiment, for llie great honor you have done us." 

After the conclusion of the ceremony, the old colors ncrc, by his 
:i[)ecial request, given to His Royal Highness, and graciously accepted. 

'i'hey were escorted to the Castle by " B " company, accompanied 
by the band of the battalion, under the command of Major D. Bond, 
and — having been received by Their Royal Highnesses The Prince 
and Princess of Wales — were conveyed to the Royal yacht Osborne, 
at Kingstown, for transmission to Marlborough House. 

Between June and December iwentynme recruits joined from the 
depot at Bodmin, The musketry training of the battalion was carried 
out at the Curragh Camp, where the companies were conveyed by rail 
in succession ; the course lasted from May until September, and on 
24tb November the jjernianent detachment, under command of 
Lieutenant H. 1". Garrett, was withdrawn. 

The following drafts embarked on the dates specified lo join the 
2nd battalion, still employed on the Nile Expedition, in Upper ligypt : 
on 17th October, two sergeants, two corporals, and one hundred and 
forty-six privates, in charge of Captain R. Eden and four subalterns 
of the 2nd battalion, proceeded by rail to Queenslown and embarked 
on the 20th on board the freight ship Leivada ; on 28ih November, 
one sergeant, two corporals, and one hundred and nineteen privates, 
in charge o( Major F. H. A. Disney Roebuck and Lieutenant 



32nd regiment. 233 

Martyn, proceeded by rail to Queenstown and embarked on 2nd 
December on board the steam ship Deccan, 

Orders were received on 14th August that the battalion was to be 
held in readiness to embark for Malta, on or about 1st September, 
and preparations were accordingly in progress ; when, on 18th August, 
orders were received by telegram that the embarkation was to be 
suspended. 

On 7th December orders were again received by telegram, from 
Adjutant-General, Horse Guards, to hold the battalion in readiness 
to embark for Malta on or about 17th December. The battalion, 
accordingly, on that date, proceeded to Kingstown by rail, and em- 
barked on board the hired transport Indian and sailed at nightfall, 
arriving at Gibraltar — afier an uneventful passage — on the 22nd, 
where the vessel took on board 6/1 Battery Cinque Ports Royal 
Artillery, which had returned from Barbadoes in the troopship 
Tamar. On the 24th the transport India sailed for Malta, and — after 
a fine passage down the Mediterranean — arrived at that fortress on 
the 28th, on which date the whole battalion, except " C " company, 
disembarked. The strength of the battalion, on embarking, was as 
follows : two lieutenant-colonels, two majors, one captain, nine sub- 
alterns, two staff, one warrant officer, forty-four sergeants, fourteen 
buglers, and five-hundred and ninety-five rank and file. There were 
also three officers' wives, eight officers' children, forty-two soldiers' 
wives, and fifty-five soldiers' children. Left at Dublin, time expired, 
etc. : one warrant officer, two sergeants, one bugler, and sixty-nine 
privates, with eleven women and ten children. 

The head-quarters proceeded to Fort Ricasoli ; " B " company (and 
" C " company on the 29th) to Fort Salvatora, in command of Major 
W. J. Alexander ; and " E " company, in charge of Captain C. F. 
M. le Quesne, to Zabbor Gate, these stations being then vacant. 

The sad news of the death of Lieutenant-Colonel C. E. le M. 
Cherry, which resulted from heat apoplexy, whilst' in command of a 
brigade at Suakim, was conveyed to the battalion in July. The event 
was greatly regretted in the regiment, where he had served for twenty- 
five years. 

During the extreme heat of the summer, or from July to September, 



L 



n 



23* HISTORICAL RECOKDS OF THE 



a great percentage of the battalion suffered from the slow continued 
fever so prevalent ia Malta during these months, the average daily 
number of sick being tift)-, out of a strength of nine hundred and 
twenty. Owing lo this and other reasons, chiefly sanitar)', two 
detachmtinis were ordered to forts Ta Silc and Delemara. The 
former, under Lieutenant F. H. Chapman, and the tatter, in charge 
of Captain \V. Francis, marched on 2nd August, and the detachments 
rejoined head-quarters on 30th September. 

1886. 

In April, Itt86, Colonel Siabb proceeded on leave to England, and 
look final leave of the battalion, prerious lo being pbced on half-pay 
oti 1st July. He was universally esteemed by all ranks, and had 
served in ihi; rtgiment during hb whole career, with ihe exception of 
a special scnice appointment during the Zulu War. Colonel G. C. 
Swiney then assumed command- Ihe regiment was moved from 
F*urt kicasoli to Vcrdala barracks, and while in that fort entertained 
Admiral H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh, Commander-in-Chief of 
the Mediterranean Squadron, and staff, on Friday, '26th November, 
A guard of honour — composed of Caplain Verschoyle, Lieutenants 
Marriott and Walker, with one hundred rank and file and the band^ 
was drawn up opposite the entrance to the mess, in the Verdala 
barracks, and received His Royal Highness with a Royal salute, the 
band playing " God save the Queen." 

( Jreai improvements in the messing of the men were effected during 
the next few months. They were given an early cup of cocoa before 
morning parades, which had a wonderful sustaining effect and shewed 
a marked improvement in the ht^alth of the battalion. 

The battalion was moved to Pembroke camp, where ihey were all 
together. The health of the regiment was further improved during 
their slay there. 

1687-88. 

On March ISih, 1887, being the anniversary of the birthday of 
H.R.H. Princess Louise, Marchioness of I^rne, a full-dress brigade 
parade was held, when Her Royal Highness, who was present on the 



32nd regiment. 235 

occasion, received a Royal salute, and afterwards rode down the line. 

On 21st June the battalions forming the brigade, together with the 
Royal Engineers and Royal Artillery and Naval Brigades, were 
concentrated near Fort Manuel for the celebration of Her Majesty's 
Jubilee. The regiments present were : the 32nd, 42nd, 51st, 75th ; 
the battalion of the 32nd Regiment was highly complimented, both 
by His Excellency the Governor-General, Sir Lintorn Simmons, and 
Major-General J. Davis, commanding the infantry brigade, on their 
smart and soldierlike appearance. 

On 1st July, Colonel G. C. Swiney completed his period of 
command, was placed on half pay, and was succeeded by Lieutenant- 
Colonel Stopford. 

Whilst stationed at Pembroke camp in October, news reached the 
battalion of the death of Lieutenant J. T. Bowles, which took place 
on the 1st of that month whilst he was on leave of absence in 
England. This officer succumbed after a long illness, contracted 
whilst on active service in Egypt, and thus another name was added 
to the long list of those who have lost their lives in the service of 
their Queen and Country. 

On 6th December the battalion was shocked by the sudden death 
of Lieutenant A. E. Bassano, on which melancholy occasion the 
commanding officer (Lieutenant-Colonel J. G. B. Stopford) caused the 
following order to be published : — 

" The Commanding Officer announces to the Battalion, with deep 
" regret, the death of Lieutenant A. E. Bassano, at 7.25 p.m. on the 
" 6th instant, from the effects of an accidental fall from the staircase 
" at the Officers' Mess, Floriana. The distinguished career of this 
" officer's father, the late Major-General Bassano, in the 32nd Light 
" Infantry, will not soon be forgotten, and has associated the name in 
" a peculiar manner with the Regiment." 

On 24th January, 1888, the commanding officer issued the following 
battalion order : — 

" Lieutenant-Colonel J. G. B. Stopford informs the battalion that 
"he received yesterday, from Mr. Henry Bowles, of Myddleton 
" House, Waltham Cross, Herts, a cheque for ;;^100 which his son, 



236 HISTORICAL RECORDS Of THE 



" the late Lieulenant John Bonles, before he died, expressed a 
" should be given as a donation to the Regimental Shooting Club. 

"The Regiment will recognise with graiiiude, in this munificent 
"present, that the latest thoughts of this lamented officer were 
" directed to its welfare. 

* " It is a thing of which a Regiment may well be proud, that these 
"who serve in it should come lo regard it with such feelings of 
" affection ; and the piece of plate which Mr. and Mrs. Bowles and 
" their sons are, in accordance with their son's dying wish, presenting 
" to the Officers' Mess will long remain a memorial of an oliiccr who 
" was a thorough soldier and devoted to his profession and his corps." 

On liith December, 1867, the battalion received orderj lo hold 
itself in readiness to embark, on IBlh February, in [he troopship 
Crocodile, for Bombay, and, accordingly, embarked on that dale ; 
having marched to the Custom House, where the battalion was 
inspected by the Princess Louise and the Marquis of Lome, accom- 
panied by His Excellency the Governor of Malta. 

About \i noon the Crocodile left her moorings, and — after a very 
calm passage — arrived in Bombay on 7lh March, 188S. Major-General 
the Honble. K. H. de Montmorency, (commanding the troops at 
Alexandria,) who commanded the battalion from 1st April, 1876, to 
Ulh June, 1881, came on board at Port Said, having travelled from 
Alexandria to visit his old regiment, and remained until off Ismalia. 

On arriving at Bombay, orders were received that the battalion 
would be stationed at Bellary and Madras. 

The batlalion disembarked on 7th March and proceeded lo Poonah 
by rail, arriving on the 8th. The battalion was inspected at Poonah 
on Ihe 10th by Major-General S. Floud, commanding Poonah district. 

Sergeant Thomas Morris was promuted to a lind lieutenancy in the 
Lincolnshire Regiment on the I8lh July. 

On 31st October Captain H. G, Morris proceeded lo Bombay, for 
embarkaiion for the depot, in relief of Brevet Major G. A. Ashby, 
who had completed his loor of duty there. 

The sad news of ihe death of Colonel H. S. Stabb, who was in 
command of the battalion from L'9lh June, 1881, to 28th June, 1886, 



wish 

b. 1 



32nd regiment. 237 

was received on 11th November. He died suddenly from heart 
disease, at Natal, where he was in command of the troops. The 
event was greatly regretted by the officers and men of the regiment, 
whose confidence he had won by his excellent qualities as a 
commanding officer and by his popularity in private life. 

His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief of the Madras army, Sir 
C. G. Arbuthnot, k.c.b., made his inspection of the battalion on 8th 
November. 

On 13th November, Captain H. C. Perkins, at the expiration of a 
year's leave, went on half-pay. 

Correspondence between the two wings was closely kept up during 
their separation, and men from Madras took furlough to visit their 
comrades in Bellary, and vice versa. 

The Madras wing was always made a good deal of; and on the 
occasion of the Proclamation of Lord Lansdowne, as Viceroy of 
India, after a grand parade of all the troops in garrison by His 
Excellency Lord Connemara, was highly complimented for its 
smart appearance and the way in which it marched past. A ball, 
on 1st December, given in honour of the Governor, will long be 
remembered. 

A fund, to raise a memorial tablet to Colonel Stabb, was organized ; 
also one to the officers and men who lost their lives during the 
Egyptian campaign was set on foot. 



The following Is a description of the window which was placed in 
the Parish Church, December, 1890, contributed by the Rev. W. lago : 

MILITARY MEMORIAL WINDOWS IN BODMIN 

CHURCH. 

" Since Bodmin has been constituted the Depot centre of the Western 
" Military District, and the home station of the Duke of Cornwall's Light 
** Infantry, its ancient church (St. Petroc's), the largest in Cornwall, has, 
" very properly, been selected as the most fitting edifice in which to erect 
" memorials to such of the officers and other soldiers as die in the service 
" of their country. 



538 HISTORICAL RF.C0RD5 OF THE 

"A handsome stained glass window, the first of a series, has just been 
"inserted in the South Aisle with the following inscription: — 

" • In memory of Colonel Henry Sporke Stabb, who ieti-ed for thitly years in 
" the 32nJ Light Infantry, now the 1st Battalion the Duke nf Comwnirs Light 
" Infantry, which he commanded from 18M1 lo IBSS, and, whilst commanding the 
"traopial Natal, died at FiclctmarilibuTe, on I he 22nd Oclobci, 18SS, from the 
"efTecIs of hia devotion to duly in the iii;>preBkin of the /uhi rebellian of thai 
"year. Erected by Ilie Officers, Non-commissioneil OflicerEi, anil rncn who have 
" served in ihc Reeimcnl, 1890.' " 




" The old stonework of the window is of perpendicular architf 
" The glass, an esicellenl art production, is ftom the manufnctor)- of Messrs. 
" Claydon and Bell, London. 

" There are four long lower hghts of 5*foil cusping, three principal 
" upper lights in the tracer)', similarly cusped, and several smaller openings 

" The central light, in the head of ihe window, displays the Cornwall 
" County shield :~Sable. y besanis in pile, 5, 4. j, 3, /, and the motto 
" One and All beneath. Above the shield is a label inscribed Duke of 
" ComwalFs Light [nfanlry, showing that these insignia have now also 
" been adopted as the regimental badge. 

"To right and left, a little lower, each of the adjacent main lights 
" displays beneath it crown and ufion a foliated background a yword and 
"shield, the latter overlying the Made of the former, which it inclined 
"diagonally, point upivard; each such group being arranged in the 
" manner of a military trophy. The shield towards the Weal Is charged 
" with the personal arms of the late colonel, vi^i. ; — Ermine, between cotliies 
'^ In bend 2 martlets argent, with a canton or : impaling ihoscof his wife : — 
" Sable, a /esse or between 3 squirrels, 3 and I, argent. The shield, easi- 
" ward, emblazoned \— Gules, a cross argent, is without special significance, 
"unless we regard il as suggestive of bearing a cross of purity on a 
" sanguinary field. Each of the intervening small openings contains a con- 
" ventional rose or, tvilh its leaves proper. 

"Del ween the main mullions of the window the four long lights are tilled 
"with lar^e figures of saints standing beneath Gothic canopies backed with 
"gules and aiure alternately. Each saint has a nimbus, and. on a label 
'■above him, his name in English. Beneath each is a group of small figures 
"illustraiivc of his career. At the foot of Ihe window, under these groups, 
"the inscription, quoted above, extends in three lines of lettering across the 
"entire width. 





1 


1 

I 

l| 

I 


\m}* mw* iW& ";#.M 

i^ « m B 

t ,: ■ # Si m 


^^^^H 


j,vv.,i lif i 1- "'-1 ■'fr-vi 


Window in Bodmin Church, 

Erected to the Memory of Colonel Sparke Stabb. 



32nd regiment. 239 

" In saints' effigies, in stained glass, anachronisms as to costume are 
" allowable ; and such occur in the present instance, as in early examples. 

"Of the four* chief figures, the outer ones represent St. George and 
" St. Alban, the inner ones, St. German and St. Mawes. They, and the 
" groups at their feet, may be thus described in detail : — 

** No. 1 (in Easternmost light), ** S, George^'^ patron Saint of England and 
•* of Warriors. He is helmed and clad in full armour of gold and silver hues, with 
" fluted breastplate and red surcoat. He holds in his right hand his sword erect, 
** on his left arm his shield charged " Argent ^ a Cross gttUs'^ (S. George's Cross), 
" his left foot is advanced, trampling on the prostrate green dragon. In the group 
** below, S. George is shown in combat slaying the dragon. The Saint's legendary 
"history (describing his exploits in Egypt, &c.) with its symbolism of valour and 
** the triumph of Christianity over evil, is too well known to need insertion here. 
** A very remarkable S. George Window, of Mediaeval date, is in St. Neot's 
" Church. 

"No. 2 **.9. Germain^ Bp.^^ He was a famous champion in his day. 
** The church of S Germans in Cornwall is dedicated to him. He was Bishop of 
*' Auxerre, and is shown in Episcopal habit, mitred, bearing in his right hand a 
"church (his emblem) ; in his left, a pastoral staff", crook outward. His rich vest- 
" ments are elaborately represented. The ends of his stole are seen depending, 
" below which the skirt of the alb reaches to his feet. His shoes are of gold colour, 
" his gloves green, and the other portions of his attire are delicately shaded in gold, 
" white, and blue. Beneath, he appears giving instruction in church to a mixed 
" congregation. 

"No. 3 "5". Mawes.''* Leland, when writing more than 300 years ago, 
" recorded concerning this saint ^ at the fischar taivn caul lid St. Matih [in Corn- 
" wall] is a chapel of hym^ his chair of stone ^ and his 7velL He roas a Bishop in 
** and[vii!is]paintid as a scholemaster.' The saint is now shewn in that capticity 
"in the Bodmin window. In his right hand he holds a pen ; in his left, a book. 
" On his head is a white coif. His outer garb (cape, coat, sash, shoes, &c. ) are of 
" red moroon, mauve, white and golden colours, over a scarlet cassock reaching to 
"his feet. In the group he is depicted at his desk in some sacred building teach- 
" ing four youths. 

" No. 4. " .9. Alban. " This valiant warrior, styled the Protomartyr of England, 
" is, by the artist, made to harmonize with, and yet l^e in contrast to, the other mil- 
" itary saint — S. George, in the first light. His full suit of armour is handsomely 
" delineated, the different parts of it resembling brass and steel, or the more 
" precious metals. His head-piece is coronal in form, his breast-plate is fluted, and 
" from Ixjneath this extends an habergeon of chain-mail. In his right hand he 
" carries a slender cross. By his left side his sword rests point-downward in the 
"scabbard, tastefully ornamented with blue. The group below this efiigy com- 
" pletcs the set. S. All)an is therein figui ed as about to be beheaded for his devotion 
" to his Lord. He is still clad in armour, but with head and neck l)are. Kneel- 
" ing in the presence of military witnesses he joins his hands in prayer, whilst the 
" executioner strikes the blow which hastens the spirit of the brave soldier of Christ 
" to its glorious rest," 



240 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



1880. 

On loth March, Lieutenant S. Custance completed his term of 
service as adjutant to the regiment, and, being succeeded by Lieu- 
tenant C. N. Evelegh, reHeved that officer in the acting appointment 
in Madras. 

On 19th November, H.R.H. Prince Albert Victor, k.g., arrived at 
Madras, and stayed at Government House. The wing, with Captain 
Garnett in command, and Lieutenants C. B. Jervis-Edwards and 
P. E. Vyvyan, found a guard of honour. The wing also lined the 
road from Government House gates to the Residence. On the 21st 
the wing found a guard of honour at the State ball given at the 
banqueting hall. 

1800. 

It was not till May, 1890, that the regiment, going to Burmah, 
appeared to be settled. Three years in two bad stations were to be 
followed by three years in a new semi-civilized country like Burmah ; 
yet, such is the restlessness of the soldier, the idea of change was 
welcomed by all ranks, and by j)rivates especially. 

The sojourn of the battalion in the Madras Presidency was drawing 
to a close, and on 2.'kd Se|)tember the battalion received orders to 
hold itself in readiness to embark, on .*>lst December, in H.M. 
Indian mail ships Mayo and Dalhousic for Rangoon, en rcuie to 
Mandalav, in Burmah. 

1891. 

The Mayo was the first to sleam out of the harbour, followed by 
the Dalhousie. After a very calm passage, the battalion arrived at 
Rangoon on ^th January, 1«^91, disembarking the following morning. 
Still maintained as two wings, the battalion started by rail the same 
evening for Mandalav. The journey was broken at Toungoo, Man- 
dalay being reached on the morning of the 8th, 



32nd regiment. 241 

The regiment was not destined to remain long inactive in its new 
station. On 16th February the Tsawbaws of Wunthoo (father and 
son) having revolted, and having attacked and burnt Kawlin, an 
outlying post, an order was received for fifty non-commissioned officers 
and men of the mounted infantry, under Captain S. Custance, and 
fifty dismounted men, under Lieutenant S. Nicholson, to proceed at 
once to the seat of the rebellion. They had scarcely been despatched, 
with the least possible delay, when a further order was received the 
same day for fifty more men. Lieutenant C. B. Jervis-Ed wards being 
put in command. Again there was another demand on the battalion 
for another fifty men ; Captain and Adjutant C. N. Evelegh, with 
Lieutenant L. P. H. Bliss, being detailed. Three days later, 2nd 
Lieutenant the Honble. W. J. H. de Montmorency, together with 
fifty more of the mounted infantry, followed. Lieutenant R. N. S. 
Lewin also accompanied the Expedition, and Major H. E. C. 
Kitchener, who had gone up the Chindwin river on a reconnaissance, 
rode across from Mingin to Wunthoo, a distance of one hundred and 
fifty miles, in three days, joining the column there. There was thus 
a total of eight officers and two hundred and fifty-five non-commissioned 
officers and men out with the Wunthoo Expedition. The various 
detachments returned to Mandalay between 1st April and the middle 
of May. 

The casualties during the Expedition consisted of one officer, one 
sergeant, and five men, all of whom died from the effects of the bad 
climate and exposure to the sun. 

The outbreak of the Manipur disaster occurred on 27th March, 
1891. Major H. E. C. Kitchener and Lieutenants J. J. B. Jones-Parry 
and R. A. S. Lewin did duty with the Manipur field force, the two 
former as transport officers, the latter in charge of the treasure chest. 

On 30th June, Colonel J. G. B. Stopford having completed his 
four years in command of the battalion, Major Disney-Roebuck, 
second in command of the home battalion, was gazetted as his 
successor. 

Lieutenant Lambe, who had proceeded home on sick leave, was 
reported to have died at sea. 

His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief, Major-General Sir James 

5 



242 



HlSTOBICiVL RECORDS OF THE 



Dormer, inspected the battalion on Hlh November, and ej\ 

his entire appreciation of the appearance and general turn-out of tta 

battalion. 

Two hundred rifles, under the command of Captain F. G. G, 
Griffin, with Lieutenants Larahe and the Honble. W. J, H. de Mont^ 
morency, proceeded to Bharao on -3rd November for frontier duty. 



1892. 

Lieutenants Percy Vyvyan and Hill, two very promising young 
ofBcers, succumbed to an attack of enteric fever, to the great regret ^ 
of the whole battalion. 

The Brigadier-General commanding Mandalay District made his 
annual inspection of the battalion on 4th, 5th, and 8th January, and 
expressed himself satisfied generally with the efficiency and interior 
economy of the battalion. 

On Uih February a draft of one sergeant, one corporal, and seventy- 
four privates joined from the 2nd battaHon, under the command of 
Captain R. Stewart, Lieutenants Newbury and Tremayne alsO' 
accompanying the draft. 

His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief in India (Lord Roberts^ 
inspected the battalion on 16th February, and expressed his entire 
satisfaction, both as regarded its efficiency and interior economy. 

No. 1,045, Corporal Harry Richardson, was promoted sergeant in 
recognition of services rendered in the field whilst doing duty with the 
Irrawaddy Column, Upper Burmnh. 

On 27th April a draft of one sergeant, four boys, and forty-six 
privates joined from the 2nd battalion. 

The sad news was received on 27th April of the death of Lieutenant.. 
H, J. G. T^mbe, who was drowned off Perira whilst em ivute to'. 
England on leave of absence. 

Major-General R. Stewart, commanding Burmah District, inspected 
the battalion on 13th June, and expressed himself highly satisfied with 
the state of the battalion. 

On 27ih June the commanding officer announced to the battalion, 



32nd regiment. 243 

with deep regret, the death of Lieutenant P. E. Vyvyan, which 
occurred at the Station Hospital on 26th June, from enteric fever. 

On 2nd July another sad announcement was made to the battalion 
in the death of 2nd Lieutenant B. U. Hill, which occurred in the 
Station Hospital from remittent fever. 

It was resolved to devote a portion of a sum of ;£100, left by the 
late Lieutenant Lambe in his will, as a mark of regard for his old 
regiment, in the purchase of a cricket shield, to be designated the 
"Lambe Challenge Cricket Shield," to be played for annually, and 
held by the winning team for the year. 




b 



HISTORICAL RECORDS. 



Services of the Second Battalion, 
1882-92. 

The '2nd battalion landed at Alexandria on 23rd July, T 
the third British battalion to reach Egypt. It hnded at once, and 
marched to Resetta Gate, the eastern entrance to the city. On 2nd 
August ihey marched to Ramleh, within a few miles of Kafr Dowar, 
where the main body of rebels bad assembled nnder Aribi Pasha, and 
took part in the reconnaissance in force on 5lh August. 

They were amongst the firsl troops that landed at Ismalia, and 
were present ai Ibe engagements of El-Magfar, Tel-el-Mahula and 
Massameh. The battalion formed part of the advance guard, under 
command of General Graham, who were sent on lo protect the lock 
at Kassassin, and took pari in both engagements there, in the first 
of which Major Forster, Captain Reeves, Lieutenants Garden arid 
Cunningbam, and about forty rank and 51c were wounded. It was 
here, on 28tb August, that Private Harris (who was serving with the 
mounted infantry) distinguished himself by gallantly defending a 
wounded officer, after being severely wounded himself, for which he 
received the Victoria Cross. 

The battalion was also engaged at Tel-ebKebir, where Colonel 
Richardson and several men were wounded. They subsequently 
formed part of the Army of Occupation, being stationed at Cairo and 
Alexandria until July, 1884, when it was ordered up the Nile, and 
formed pan of the river column under General Rarle, returning lo 
Cairo in July, 1H85, after a year's hard service, during which time a 
large number of all ranks died from sickness. 

The 2nd battalion returned to England, leaving a large drafi with 
the 1st battalion al Malta (when the two battalions were together for 
two days.) It landed from H.M. troopship Tamar at Plymouth in 
June, 1886, and was quartered in Raglan Barracks, Devonporl. 

Colonel Grieve, having completed his period of command, was 
succeeded by Lieutenant-Colonel Roberts (late Tth Royal Fusiliers,) 
who was brought in from half-pay, on 31st July, 1889. 

The 2nd battalion proceeded to Pembroke Dock in April, 1889, 
and from thence was removed to Dublin, in December, 1891. 



m 



[ 245 ] 




NOTES ON THE COSTUME AND EQUIPMENTS. 

1708-1881. 

|HE early years of the regiment were passed in the Marine 
service, and it was not until alter the treaty of Utrecht that 
it was placed on the Irish establishment as an ordinary 
regiment of foot. 

No evidence is forthcoming as regards its early uniform, excepting 
that, like all other similar corps, it was clothed in the usual red 
uniform. Tradition says the facings were always white. Facings 
generally meant the lining of the coat, which shewed on the cuffs and 
skirts when turned back. The first really authentic information is 
obtained from the work entitled " The C loathing of His Majesty s 
TroopSy etc.y etc,^ 1742 " (copy in the British Museum). Collars — at 
least for the infantry — were not then in use, and the regiment, in 
common with a few others, had no chest lapels buttoned back (see 
illustration, page 30), the coat simply single-breasted, of considerable 
amplitude, and having voluminous skirts. The cuffs alone were 
white ; the skirts, and, possibly, the coat itself, lined green. This 
divergence was, at the time, quite rare. In every other infantry 
regiment the whole exposed part of the lining, lapels, cuffs, or skirts 
was of one and the same colour. Reference must be made to the 
colour-striped white lace with which the coat cuffs and button-holes 
were bound. Whether it was intended to strengthen the coat is un- 
certain, but it was ornamental and characteristic. Most corps had 
different patterns, which, together with the various hues of the facings, 
was about all that distinguished one regiment from another — no num- 
bers as yet shewing on the buttons. 

The reader of these notes will observe that from time to time the 
exact pattern of lace worn by the regiment was changed — possibly to 
suit the taste of the colonel He it was who provided the clothing, 
and — at all events, up to 1768, when some sort of regularity was 
estat)lished, met with little interference from the authorities. 



246 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

In \74'2 the private soldier's lace was of white worsted, about haU- 
an-inch wide, with a green stripe on one side and a red worm pattern 
on the other. 

The next information is found in the oil picture of a grenadier of 
the regiment at Windsor Castle, hy David Morier, who executed a 
great number of militarj' pictures for the king, about 1750-52. The 
illustration, page 44, represents the picture in question, The tall 
mitre-shaped cap forms a most distinctive feature. All grenadiers 
wore this high cap, having on the lower part a red flap, thereon the 
"White Horse "of Hanover, with the motto "AVc asfera tirrent." 
The upper part was of clolh, the colour of the regimental facings 
embroidered with worsted crewel work ; in this case it took the form 
of the royal cipher in red, surmounted by a crown ; on each side a 
spray of roses and rose leaves, this latter being quite peculiar to 
the 32nd grenadier cap, giving it a noticeable and distinctive 
character. 

The cuffs still continue very large, and the while chest lapels apjiear 
for the first lime. The lace also, it will be noticed, has changed in 
pattern, being white, a black stripe at each side, and a black 
zig-zag down the centre, the broader cuff lace having two black zig- 
zags. The lace on the red waistcoat is plain white, and the loops 
bastion shaped, whereas those on the coat are square-headed. These 
details are not trivial — they served, indeed, to distinguish one regiment 
from another at a period before numbers were displayed, or, indeed, 
much used. 

Though called grenadiers, their occupation as such was gone \ no 
hand grenades had been thrown for twenty years or more. Originally 
the tallest and strongest men were selected, the high caps being for 
the purpose of giving them still greater height. Evelyn, in his diary, 
under date June, 1678, mentions the new sort of soldiers called 
grenadiers; "They had furred caps, with sloping crowns, like 
"janizaries, which made them look very fierce," 

Very little alteration had been made in the accoutrements since 
1742, but the brass match case may be observed, however, fastened 
into the front of the shoulder belt. It was a cylinder, some four 
inches long, pierced with holes to allow air for the ignited slow match 



i 



32nd regiment. 347 

inside, now, as we have seen, out of use, but lingered on as a special 
mark of distinction for many years ^indeed, the grenadiers of one 
distinguished infantry regiment only discarded it in 1830. Grenadier 
companies, with some little distinction in dress, lasted until about 
thirty years ago. 

Unless the evidence of family portraits should be forthcoming, we 
have no exact information as to the officers' uniform in 1751. No 
doubt a voluminous wide-skirted coat, with white facings, like that of 
the private men, was worn, laced with narrow gold lace, sword sus- 
pended from a waistbelt under the waistcoat, a crimson silk sash over 
the left shoulder, and a gold aiquillelte on the right shoulder. The 
battalion officers, like the men, had three-cornered cocked hats, but 
laced with gold, and displaying on the left side the black cockade of 
the reigning House of Hanover, Grenadier officers wore a cap, in 
shape like that of the men, but handsomely embroidered in gold and 
silver. 

Annual regimental inspections by general officers had been insti- 
tuted as far back as 1709, but the earliest recorded inspection of the 
regiment— then slill known as Leigh ton's— took place at Glasgow, 
18th August, 1762 ; the inspecting officer observing, amongst other 
matters, "The colours in good order; officers' uniform good and 
" rich ; the regiment has two remarkably good fifers ; the private men, 

Though regiments appear to have been officially numbered since 
1742 (see Millan's Siucesiion of Colonels of that date), and that an 
order of precedence had been definitely established, in accordance 
witharoyal warrant issued in MVi {IVar Offite Miscellany Books), 
yet regimental numbers seemed to find no favour with inspecting 
officers or the authorities furnishing clothing ; but, it being found 
desirable to have an additional form of distinction beyond the facings 
and lace, a warrant was issued, 21st September, 1767, requiring that 
the number of the regiment should appear on the buttons — hitherto 
quite plain. 

By Warrant in 1768, the cloth grenadier cap was abolished, and a 
new one of bear-skin introduced, having in front the badge of the 
King's crest (lion and crown) in white metal on a black ground 



I 
1 

i 



24« 



BISCORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



This, it may be mentioned, was common to all grenadieis, a 
purely regimemal distinction. 

The illustralion, page 46, represents a grenadier of the n^imem 
in ihe uniform conformable to ihe new regulations of 1768, taken 
from a MS. work in the Prince Consort's Librarj-, Aldershol. The 
large and roomy coat of the Hogaithian period has given place to a 
more closely titling garment. The turned down collar, or cape, as it 
was then called, has appeared, the coat only just meeting across the 
chest, leaving the white waistcoat exposed, the lapels across the chest 
very much smaller than before ; indeed, serving little more than to 
show off the lace-looped button-holes on them. The Royal Warrant, 
19th December, 1768, is very explicit and full of detail on every 
point connected with the uniform of the infantry, both men and 
ofiicers. 

The private soldier's lace also became a matter of strict 
regulation, which was not departed from in pattern until the black 
striped lace was abolished in 1836, The OJUial Army List for 1769, 
for the first time, gave particulars of the various regimenlal laces, 
under the heading "Succession of Colonels "—the 32nd lace being 
described as white, with a black worm, and a black stripe (see 
illustration, page 46), bemg one stripe less than in 1751. 

There were several methods of wearing the lace loops round the 
button-holes. Some regiments wore ihem square headed, some pointed, 
and a few had what was called the bastion, or flowered loop ; the 
first pattern was that adopted by the 32nd, and worn equidistant until 
towards the close of the century, when they were worn by twos, and 
so continued long after the black stripes were lost, until 18.56, in (act, 
when the tunic came into use. 

Officers' costume was as follows ; — scarlet coats, lapelted to the 
waist with white cloth ; lapels, ihree inches wide, fastened back with 
gill huUons (having the regimental number) placed at equal distances ; 
the cape, or collnr, of white cloth, turned down, and fastened by one 
button-hole to the top button of the lapel ; small round white cuffs, 
three and a half inches deep, having four buttons and but ton- hoi es ; 
cross pockets, in line with the waist, having four buttons; skirts, 
lined and turned back white. Whatever may have been the case 



32nd regiment. 249 

previously, no gold lace was now worn by the officers; everything 
was remarkably plain. The regiment may be described, up to 1829, 
as being a non-laced one, as far as the officers were concerned. 
Where no actual button-holes were required, as in the cuffs and 
pocket, a neat " dummy," or false button-hole, edging of white silk 
was used. 

Officers of the grenadier company wore an epaulet of gold lace and 
fringe on each shoulder ; battalion officers, one on the right shoulder 
only, white waistcoat and breeches, black linen gaiters, with black 
buttons, crimson silk sash tied round the waist (until recently worn 
over the shoulder), a gilt gorget, with the King's arms engraved 
thereon, fastened to the neck with white silk rosettes and ribbons, 
hats laced with gold, and the usual black cockade. 

Grenadier officers wore the black bear-skin cap, like the men, but 
on the plate the King's crest was in gilt, upon the black metal ; they 
carried fusils, and had white shoulder belts and pouches. Battalion 
officers carried the espontoon, a light steel-headed pike, with a small 
cross-bar below the blade, seven feet in length, used with graceful 
effect in the salute. Sergeants had buttons of white metal, and 
narrow loops of plain white tape, hats laced with silver, silk shoulder 
knots, and crimson and white worsted sashes. They carried swords 
and halberds, the latter a light ornamental kind of battle axe with a 
long shaft. 

The uniform of 1768 remained almost unchanged until about 1790. 
Cross belts were, however, introduced, that is the bayonet belt removed 
from the waist to the shoulder, and a brass breastplate, as an 
ornament, affixed to the latter. 

The officers' swords were also ordered to be suspended in a white 
shoulder belt over the right shoulder, and, in their case also, a gilt 
breastplate came into use, though of what design, in the absence 
of any authority, we cannot arrive at. 

The inspection returns of last century, preserved at the Record 
Office, are singularly meagre of information regarding the regiment. 
At one inspection, however — Dublin, 12th September, 1777 — the 
inspecting general reports " the light infantry accoutrements wrong, 
" being made of buff instead of tan." 



250 



RKCOKDS OK THE 



The private soldier's button was made of ibe 
usual metal, pewter, and quite flat. The illustra- 
/m^ ^W\\ ''<"' represents a specimen in the possession of the 
I ^\ ^y J f 1 author. 

V^^-^T/ // 1784. Fuzees ordered to be used by sergeants 
of the grenadier and light company.* 
The light companies not having been very long 
ii'JTTDN, formed, it appeared desirable, in view of their 

(ehlabcso.) peculiar duties, that the sergeants should discard 

the pike, so as to be able to take some part in the skirmishing aod 
h'ght infantry movements then being developed. The grenadiers, 
with the light companies, received the name of flank companies, 
and were frequently detached together for light advanced operations. 
The illustration, page 48, represents an officer, 1793. The outline 
of the figure, and all details of dress, are taken from E. Dayes' beautiful 
series of coloured engravings of the regiments of foot, in the British 
Museum, It will be noticed that the gaiters are shorter than formerly, 
only reaching to the knee ; the collar also is worn turned up, the button 
and loop, originally used to fasten it down, still retains on it, only as an 
ornament however, destined — as will be afterwards seen — -to develop 
into two buttons and two loops, of gold lace, and to remain on the 
officer's coat collar until 1855, nearly a century after its original 
purpo.ses and uses had lapsed ! The coat had become still more 
scanty, the waistcoat also shrinking quite up to the waist. The private 
soldier's uniform was extremely like that of the oflScet's in cut, but with 
loops of the regimental lace to all the button-holes. 

Towards the end of the century, following civilian, or, more probably 
Prussian military fashion, it was decided to fasten the coat in front down 
to the waist, completely hiding the waistcoat. The Warrant of 1796 
directed that for officers the lapels were to be continued down to 
the waist, and to be made either to button over occasionally (making 
what now would be called a double-breasted coat), or to fasten dose 



' These companies were introduced about 1771, armed wiUi a ligbier kind of 
musket oT fuue. Powder horni and haichcls formed part of the equipment, and 
Kmull louod leather caps were worn. 



32nd]^regiment. 251 

with hooks and eyes all the way to the bottom, in which case the 
white lapel would show, being buttoned back ; stand up collar, very 
high and roomy, to admit the large neck-cloth then coming into 
fashion. The new jacket for the rank and file was single-breasted, 
having ten buttons down the front, most probably arranged in twos, 
and not at equal distances as before— ten regimental lace loops, about 
three inches long, on each breast, serving no other purpose but 
ornament. The old white woollen waistcoat, with sleeves, became 
practically the shell jacket, worn for undress or fatigue duties, though 
then, and for many years afterwards, called the " waistccat." , 

Horse Guards Warranty dated 22nd April, 1799, directed officers 
and men of infantry (except the flank companies) to wear their hair 
queued, to be tied a little below the upper part of the collar of the 
coat, and to be ten inches in length, including one inch of hair to 
appear below the binding. 

The cocked hat worn by the men was discontinued by General 
Order, dated February, 1800, and a cylindrical shako, with peak, 
introduced. This head-dress was made of lacquered felt, ornamented 
w^ith a large oblong brass plate in front, about six inches high, thereon 
engraved the regimental number, with the King's crest, surrounded 
by a trophy of drums, standards, etc. A red and white worsted tuft 
was fixed in front, rising from a black cockade. Officers, however, 
still retained the old cocked hat, using it all through the earlier 
stages of the Peninsular War, and at least one year after the order 
was issued for its discontinuance. 

The illustration, page 58, represents an officer of the regiment, 
1808, the same costume being also worn up to 1811. As a general 
rule, the large cocked hat was worn fore and aft, the top of the coat 
lapel turned back to show the colour of the facing. Bright blue 
pantaloons were much worn, and it will be noticed that the old- 
fashioned knee boot had given way to that of the Hessian pattern with 
tassels. 

Major Ross-Lewin, 32nd regiment, in his lively work, entitled Life 
of a Soldier^ states that during the harassing retreat from Burgos, in 
the autumn of 1812, "one of the queerest figures observed was an 
" eccentric subaltern of my corps. Besides enveloping his form in a 



2o3 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

"blanket, and wearing the hinder flap of his cocked hat down, he was 
" mounted on a cart dragoon horse, sixteen hands high, gaunt and 
"rawboned in the extreme," thus proving beyond doubt that the 
cocked hat was, up to that date, still worn by the officers of the 32nd, 
notwithstanding that an order for its discominuance was issued in 
December, 1811. No doubt, however, the officers were all provided 
with shakos before the opening of the campaign in 1813. 

Chevrons for the non-commissioned officers were introduced in 
consequence ql a General Order, dated July, 1802; sergeant-majors to 
be distinguished by four, sergeants by three, and corporals by two 
chevrons on the right arm ; the first, of silver lace ; the second, of 
plain white tape lace ; and the third, of the black striped regimental 
lace. For a very long period the sergeant-majors and staff sei^eants 
had worn silver lace on their coals. This was the universal custom 
in all infantry regiments (whether the officers wore gold lace or not), 
and was so kept up until 1655. 

By the year ISOH it became pretty clear to the authorities that too 
much time was taken up in making the queue — time far better spent 
at drill, now that soldiers were so much wanted at the front. To the 
joy of the sufferers, the troublesome queue was abolished by an order 
dated July 20th, 1808 : " The hair to be cut short in the neck, and a 
" small sponge added to the list of the soldier's necessaries, for the 
" purpose of frequently washing his head." 



Let Major Ross-Lewin relate his experiences : " As a great alter- 
" ation was effected here (Vimiera) in the personal appearance of our 
" troops, I cannot leave it unnoticed. The short queues that were 
" worn, both by officers and men, were cropped on the field this day, 
" in obedience to orders that had arrived from England. When I 
"joined the militia, in 1793, all military men wore their hair clubbed ; 
" that is, each had a huge false tail attached by means of a string 
" that passed round the upper part of the head, and over it the hair 
" was combed and well thickened with powder or fiour. A plastering 
" of pomatum or grease was then laid on ; a square bag of sand was 
" next placed at the extremity of the tail, rolled up with the assistance 
" of a small oblong iron until it touched the tail, and tied with a 



32nd regiment. 



2S3 



leathern thong and rosette, so as to confine it in a proper position. 
After the arrangement of the tail, the officer's fore tops were rubbed up 
with a slick of pomatum — a most painful operation, especially on 
cold mornings ; when this was over, the frisseur retired a pace or 
two for the purpose of frosting, which was effected by means of 
an elastic cylinder, filled with powder, and so constructed as to 
expel and let fall upon the hair a light shower of it ; and, lastly, 
the powder knife prepared the head for parade, by arching the 
temples and shaping the whiskers to a point. In this agreeable 
manner hajf-an-hour of every morning was consumed. The men 
only powdered on ' dress days,' as Sundays, Thursdays, and days of 
duty were called. Each dressed his comrade's hair, so that an hour 
was lost in dressing and being dressed. Hair powder was used by 
the army as late as 1806. The flank companies wore the hair 
turned up behind, and made to rest on pieces of glazed leather, 
which were called flashes." 



L 



December, 1811, A War Office order authorised infantry officers 
to wear a cap of a pattern similar to that worn by the men, also 
permitting them to wear a regimental coat or jacket to btitton over 
the breast and body (double-breasted, in fact) and a grey overcoat, 
also grey pantaloons or overalls, with short boots, as the private men. 
This was the service dress used by oflicers during the later Peninsula 
and Waterloo campaigns. 

1814, The general costume of the regiment was as follows: — 
Officers : long-tailed scarlet coat for parade, levees, etc. ; white lapels, 
buttoned back by ten gilt buttons, and white silk twist holes set on by 
pairs ; the button, slightly convex, ornamented 
with the regimental number, within a gart 
having a strap, but no buckle ; the garter itself 
bearing no device, but of a simple fluted pattern ; 
a crown over the garter— an uncommon pattern, 
used only at the time by one Other regiment— 
the 43rd, There have been many changes in 
regimental buttons from time to time, but the opyicKB's CitT Button 
regiment adhered to this design (with one or two (knla'mJib,) 




254 



1 



alterations in the size) until regimental numbers were done away with, 
quite recently. The coat collar of white cloth, with one button and 
twist hole at each side ; cuffs with four loops and buttons by pairs, 
cross pockets {in line with the waist) with the same ; skirls turned 
back white, the skirt ornaments (where the points of ihe turnbacks 
met, replacing, in fact, the buttons ahsolutdy necessary with the old 
voluminous skirts) being gold embroidered single bullion l>ows ; the 
pockets of the coat and side seams of the tails edged with a white 
piping. White breeches and black leggings for home, and grey 
trousers for active service. 

As before mentioned, the service dress 
was a short-tailed jacket, cuffs and collar as 
above, but buttoned across the chest, with 
no lapels. The long, straight sword, black 
leathern scabbard, gilt mounting, with 
crimson and gold sword knot, was worn 
according to regulation, suspended in a 
frog, from awhite buffalo leathern shoulder 
belt, the latter ornamented with the regi- 
mental breastplate— at this period gilt 
metal, of a square shape, the corners just 
Opficer's Breast I't ate, rounded off; thereon, in raised silver, 

'*''■ the number "32," wilhin a silver garter, 

having a buckle and strap, on the garter " Cornwall," and surmounting 
it a silver crown. 

Officers of the light company carried the curved light infantry 
sabre, suspended by slings from the shoulder belt, tlenerally on 
sen-ice, however, this weapon was carried by oil officers. A crimson 
silk sash was worn round the waist. 

Officers' rank distinguished by the epaulettes, according to the 
instructions laid down in General Order dated Februarj*, 1810, Field 
officers wore two ; a colonel havini; a crown and a star on ihe strap ; 
a lieutenant-colonel, a crown : major, a star. Captains and subalterns, 
including ihe quarter- master, wore one epaulet on the right shoulder ; 
officers of the flank companies, two shoulder wings, with grenades or 
bugles thereon respectively ; the adjutant wore, in addition lo this 




-12^fD RKfilMENT, 2.')5 

epaulet, an epaulet strap, without fringe, on his left shoulder. The 
epaulettes of field officers and captains, together with the wings of 
captains of flank companies, were edged with gold bullion ; those of 
the subalterns, with gold fringe. Paymaster and surgeon wore the regi- 
mental coat single-breasted, without epaulettes or sash, the sword being 
suspended by a plain waist belt under the coat. In those days there 
never could be the slightest difficulty in defining an officer's rank; 
epaulettes were constantly worn, and, fitting very close to the shoulder, 
with the strap of flexible lace, were comfortable and never in the way, 
at the same lime forming a handsome addition to the dress. The 
32nd, indeed, required something of the kind, as, excepting their single 
epaulettes, the captains and junior officers had no lace whatever on 
their coats. The light infantry officers' wings, compared with the rich 
and ornate wings worn by corresponding officers of other regiments, 
were of an exceedingly simple description, being described as gilt 
narrow round curb chain wings, with solid silver bugles, mounted on 
scarlet, and edged all round with gilt jack chain (whatever that may have 
been). Some regiments in the army had a superabundance of gold 
and silver iace, whilst many very distinguished regiments were per- 
fectly content, tike the 32nd, to have absolutely none at all. 

Private soldiers had single-breasted short red cloth jackets, laced 
across the breast with square headed loops of regimental lace, four 
inches long, set on in pairs (the lace pretty much as before, black 
stripe on one side and a line of black spots on the other); white 
pewter buttons, with the regimental number; lace round the high 
while collar, showing a white frill in front; while shoulder straps, 
edged with lace, terminating with a small white worsted tuft ; in the 
t5ank companies, terminating with a wing of red cloth, trimmed 
with stripes of lace, edged with an overhanging fringe of while 
worsted, gaiters, breeches, and trousers as officers. (See illustration, 
page 103.) 

Sergeants dressed like privates, but in finer cloth, having the 
chevrons of their rank on the arm, which, together with their coat 
lace, was of fine white tape ; sash, crimson worsted, with a white stripe. 
They carried a straight sword in a shoulder belt, with a brass breast- 
plate, as worn by the men, their other weapon being the halberd, 



356 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

having a. plain steel spear-head with crossbar, not unlike the 
"espontoon" formerly carried by the officers, the old battleaxe- 
headed halberd having fallen into disuse about 1792. 

The head-dress for officers was a light felt cylindrical shako, wilh 
black leathern peak, a black cockade, and small red and white tuft on 
the left side (green or white, for light infantry and grenadiers respect- 
ively), a gilt oval plate in front, surmounted by a crown, thereon the 
cipher "G.R.," with the regimental number; across the front a 
festoon of red and go!d cord, with tassels on the right side, That 
for the men was of similar make, and the cords and tassels of 
white worsted, On service, cap covers were worn, of black japanned 
material. 

Judging from specimens still preserved, this head-dress must have 
been comfortable to the wearer, very much more so than the huge 
flat-topped shako which so soon succeeded it. Our troops saw every 
variety of foreign military dress at Paris during the occupation, and 
it soon became evident to onlookers that the small head-dress of our 
troops did not look so imposing as those worn by the Prussian and 
Russian troops. Upon the occasion of the second grand review at 
Paris, when the four sovereigns were present. Major Ross-Lewin 
remarks: "The French olBcers gave it as their opinion that the 
"English troops had the advantage over the others, as well in 
"appearance, as in other respects; but our grenadiers would have 
" looked better than they did, had they had their dress caps. The 
"r.e.st of the British infantry were disfigured by the small caps they 
" wore." 

In 1S16 the neat and serviceable felt cap was laid aside, and the 
broad-topped heavy shako introduced, its shape being more in 
accordance with foreign fashion then^s before— our chief guide 
in such matters. It was eleven inches in diameter at the top, and 
seven and a half inches deep: brasi chin scales, which, when not 
required could be fastened up to the cockade in front, ornamented 
with an upright white feather, twelve inches high, and a brass plate 
in front with the regimental number. The light company had a green 
feather. Grenadier companies on hotne service and in cold 
climates were directed to wear high bear-skin caps, a head-dress which, 



.■12 nd 



267 




I 



during the busy war time had fallen into disuse. 
The officers' shakos had gold lace two inches 
wide round the lop, and a three-quarter inch 
gold lace round ihe bottom. On the lace, 
immediately below the high feather, appeared 
the black cockade, tn the form of an oval boss, 
of black cord, a regimental button in the 
centre; the ornament in front talcing the form 
of a small circular gilt burnished plate, having 
32 in raised silver in the centre over two 
silver laurel leaves ; above, a neat silver scroll, 
with "Peninsula;" and below, a similar one, 

with " Waterloo." Over the gilt plate, and immediately under the 

cockade, a gilt crown. The honours— " Peninsula," " Waterloo " — 

having quite recently been granted lo the regiment to be displayed on 

the colours and worn on the appoint uienis, 

were as a consequence placed on the 

officer's new breastplate. This ornament, 

of the same shape as its predecessor, 

was gilt, having 32 in foliated ligurcs, 

surrounded by a laurel wreath, all of silver, 

in centre; above the wreath a Peninsula, 

and below it a Waterloo, scroll of silver ; a 

gilt crown above the higher label. 

Short-tailed coats or jackets for all 

ranks were abolished in 1820, and two 

years afterwards the breeches and leggings. 

The same year a circular was issued, calling attention to the fact that 

" the gorget formed part of the officer's equipment." This ancient 

ornament seemed falling into disuse ; whether this circular restored 

it to its former position is very doubtful, it is difficult to find any 

evidence from portraits or miniatures thai it was worn at all ; finally, 

in 1830, it was obligingly abolished. 

In 182G the private soldier's coat altered in shape, the lace loops 

across the chest made broader at the top, tapering down narrower 

towards the bottom, and the lace taken off the skirts. 




3S8 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



1827. Officer's costume.— Shakos as before described, but half an 
inch higher, the gold lace round the top a handsome pattern, 
viz., " FUurde Hi and wave;" the gilt plate had disappeared, and a 
star substituted ; the star rays of silver, with five battle honours 
displayed on them —"Peninsula," " Waterloo," "Salamanca," "Nivelle," 
"Nive." Four more, viz., "Roleia," "Vimiera," "Pyrenees," 
"Orthes" — had recently been authorized (January, 1826), but do not 
appear to have as yet been placed on this particular shako-plate. 
In the centre of the star the numerals 32, surrounded by a garter 
with Cornwall on il, the whole enclosed in a laurtl wreath, surmount- 
ed by a crown— all these latter ornaments gilt.* Long-tailed coals, 
the skirt ornament being gold embroidered stars, with 32 in the 
centre on scarlet cloth. The general cut of the coat much as in 1814, 
excepting that the white lapels were cut rather broader, forming 
what was known as the cuirass breast. The collar also was of the so- 
called Prussian shape, cut square, and fastened up the front, 
precluding the possibility of wearing the shirt collar and large black 
neck-cloth so conspicuous only a few years before. Cross pockets were 
used, that is, pockets in line with the waist, and they were edged with 
white piping. Epaulettes were under the same regulations as in 
1814, but had become much larger, the strap of gold lace (line check 
pattern) two and a half inches wide, octagon top, and corded round ; 
large corded crescent, fitted in bullion, the fringe some three and a 
quarter inches deep. The wings worn by the officers of the flank 
companies very handsome, strap and crescent as battalion officers, 
thereon silver grenades or bugles. The wing part (over the shoulder 
at right angles to the strap) twelve inches long, tajwring to points at 
each end, was made of scarlet cloth, edged with three-quarter inch 
gold "fine check" lace (as 3rd Guards)— the usual gold bullion or 
fringe on the outside. The skirt ornaments worn by these officers 
were gold embroidered grenades or bugles respectively. 'I*he dress 
trousers worn very full, cossack shape, of light bluish-grty cloth, 
trimiued down the seams with one-inch gold lace. 



I ihenfficer'sshiiko plaicnf 1830. 



32nI) RFdlMENT. 




A new regulat on cut and thrust s vord had been adopted and was 

worn in the frog of a wh te shoulder belt \ new breastplate ilsn 

had just I een introduced vh ch was \orn bj the offircr ihoiit 

change, until the Crimean war The 

[ilate was square g It ornamented with a 

silver star hav ng the authorized battle 

honours.eight in number, on the star rays 
Light company officers won. whistles 

and chains. A blue "great coat 

otherwise frock coat, was authorized for 

undress, the crimson sash worn wnh it 

and the sword suspended in a frog from 

a black leathern waist-belt, hor balls 

levees, etc, the coatee was worn with 

white kerseymere breeches, silk stockings 

and shoe buckles; the sword being earned 

in a belt under the coat. {See illustration page 14'>) 

December 1828. The officer's shako wis considerably altered bemg 

reduced to six inches in height, all the gold lace removed and to the 

surprise of many, the lime honoured Hanoverian black cockade also 

disappeared ; never since this date worn as shikos it stiil lingers m 
1 modified form on tht cocked hats 
of the staff The onh ornament 
tn front of the new shako was a 
universal pattern gih star plate 
with crown oier nbout six inches 
b; fi\e In the centre, regiments 
were illowLd to ("lace their ownde 
vices and the J nd used the sdver 
stir which dd dui) with the old 
bhako(from wh ch deuce or pittem 
the btir on the new breastplate was 
taken) Gold cord cap 1 nes were 
mtroduced haMng a heavily braid 
ed festoon in front ttrminat ng m 
two tasstls looped up to one of the 




coat I 

ptot^ widi wlntc, Uld iW upA OMBpUfy grcoi, cap lues. 

A oHMlfa a&enntd* ibe ficaihcr «as onkiedtD be wfaia far the 
sfaolc; Bgbi in&aliy e^repCfd, *dB lei— iniwg tvchw inches high. 

It ku been iPCTUionoi thai the oOcbs at the SSad wore no bee 
on their coati, but mitif regimeau wore x saperabanduKc of gold or 
silrci Uce, of rariooi, and in some cases, fantwdc design, altered 
from time to time b; the ahiin of die commanding officer, or perhaps 
the uggesiion of the army tailor. 

To such an extent had this practice groim, that the authonties 
determined to introduce a universal panem coaiee, hence the warrant 
of Fcbriury, 1829, authoriiing the weIl<known double-breasted 
coatee, which Tctnained, iHtb scarcely any alieration, the dress of 
officers until the Crimean war. The coatee worn by the 32nd had two 
row* of gilt buttons down the front, in pairs. A white collar, Prussian 
I thapc, on each side two loops of re^roental gold lace and small 
' bultoru. While cuffs with a scarlet slash, thereon four gold loops and 
builonK in pairs ; while turnbacks to the skirts, the tails still 
ornamenlcd wiih the embroidered star as berore; scarlet slashed 
pockeu on Ihe skirts, placed obliquely, with lace loops in pairs, the 
pocket edge of white piping— this latter minor distinction contrary to 
the dress regulations, but allowed in consequence of having been a 
regimental custom so long. 

l^rgc golil cjiaulettes worn "on both shoulders" by all ranks of 
ofiiccri (for ihc first time in the case of captains and subalterns of 
infantry), excepting the grenadiers and light infantry, who wore large 
curb chain wings strictly according to the new regulation. The 
epaulette fringe varied a little according to rank, the field officers 
being distinguished by silver crowns and stars on Ihe strap, which was 
of vellum pattern, with white silk stripes. To carry out these 
instructions it became necessary to choose a |>atterD for the new 
regimental gold lace ; this was done, and a wave vellum lace, with one 
edge xcoUoped, adojiied, the wave on ilie lace being a lightly marked 

ligKlg. 

The regiment was not altogether unfamiliar with the paliem, it 
having been, with two scolloped edges, the regulation lace for the 



32nd regiment. 261 

bottom of all officers* shakos since 1816. This lace was used for fifty 
years, in fact until the introduction of the territorial scheme. Two 
other regiments adopted it likewise, the 30th and the 91st. 

The new Oxford mixture was now substituted for the old blue-grey 
trousers, and a blue forage cap with a broad stiff top was, for the first 
time, authorized. Great varieties of this head dress had been pre- 
viously worn. A plain scarlet shell jacket was ordered to be adopted 
by officers at certain stations. Except in tropical climates, officers 
had to sit down to mess in the full dress coatee with epaulettes. 

1830. A red fatigue jacket was substituted for the white one 
hitherto worn by the rank and file, which had originally, in its turn, 
sprung from the old white waistcoat with sleeves. Fusils were also 
substituted for the halberds so long carried, of one shape or another, 
by the sergeants. 

The recently introduced cap lines evidently found little favour, for 
they were abolished by the comprehensive warrant of 1830, marking 
the accession of William the Fourth. The tall feathers were reduced 
to eight inches ; a green ball tuft ordered to be worn by the light 
infantry ; musicians to be dressed in white ; the gorget formally 
abolished ; and, lastly, the regular army ordered to wear gold lace. 
Up to this time, perhaps, one half the army and militia had worn 
silver appointments, the other half gold. 

1832. Field officers ordered to use brass scabbards. A red seam 
down the trousers authorized January, 1833. Next year a new forage 
cap adopted by the officers, of blue cloth, with a black silk band (oak 
leaf pattern) ; 32, in gold embroidery, in the centre. 

The officer's undress uniform now presented a handsome appearance. 
The blue single-breasted frock coat, with gilt buttons, had shoulder 
straps edged with gold lace, terminated in gilt metal crescents; 
grenadier officers wearing a silver grenade, and light infantry officers 
a silver bugle in the centre of the crescent ; the sword carried in the 
frog of the black waistbelt, over the crimson sash. 

At the first half-yearly inspection, 1834, whilst the regiment was 
stationed in Canada, a curious circumstance came to light. The 
inspecting officer remarked, " Turnbacks of skirts on the sergeants* 
•* coats have a narrow black stripe, sanctioned by long custom." 



263 utsroRiCAL records of the 

It h easy lo gather rrom a study of these " Returns " that inspecting 
ollicers were becoming very stringent indeed as regards any departure 
from the clothing regulations ; consequently this innovation was quite 
enough to warfani special notice. \V'hal could it tnean ? Evidently 
an old regimental custom, probably in use jears and years, it may 
have been worn in conjunction with the black stripes on the tace as a 
mourning memento of some valued otiltcer, who knows? At all 
events, we never hear of it again ; the black stripes also were improved 
away very shortly after. 

These apparently trivial details, old customs no doubt, keeping in 
remembrance old and almost forgotten stories, perhaps stirring deeds, 
all go lo make up their share of the rq^imental afirit de corps^ 
developed to its greatest extent in the long-ser\-ice days, when a 
man's life was spent in his regiment, his home. 

By Royal Warrant, dated October lOih, 1831), ihe colour-siriped 
lace so long worn by the rank and hk- of the infantry was abolished, 
and a plain white tape lace took its place ; but each regiment was to 
retain its peculiar method of wearing iL Ihe 32nd, therefore, 
continued to wear its loops square-headed and by pairs, though it lost 
its special distinction — the black stripe and black worn laces. 

Sergeants were directed to wear double-breasted coatees, without 
any lace across the chest, while epaulettes or wings. Coloured 
lace was slill worn by the drummers, the pattern being white, with a 
broad stripe down each side, each stripe composed of small checks of 
black and red, besides the ordinary parts of the coat being laced after 
the manner of the coatees worn by the rank and file ; the back and 
side seams, the arm seams, and the skirts were also covered with this 
lace. Very latgc- wing tufts were worn, of white, red, and black worsted. 

The officer's uniform of 1840 is well represented in the illustration, 
|)3ge 148. It is on too small a scale to show the elaborate details of 
the shako and breastplate, the centre of both being blue enamel. 
The same year the new percussion muskets were generally introduced. 

In 1844 a new shako for the infantry was authorized, often 
called the " Albert " hat, six and three-quarier inches high, one 
quarter inch less in diameter at top than at bottom, thus completely 
altering tht appearance of the head-dress. Grenadier fur caps were 



ND HEGIMENT. 



263 



also abolished, but, as changes of this kind must necessarily be 
gradual, it may have been a year or two before the change affected 

the regiment. 

Officers lost the fine handsome 
plate worn with the old shako, a 
smaller one sufficing, consisting of 
a universal gilt star, crown over, 
four and a half inches in diameter ; 
regimental devices, all gilt, in the 
centre; the number, surrounded 
by a girdle, " Cornwall " on it ; 
a label, with " Peninsula " above ; 
another, with " Waterloo " below ; all 
surrounded by a laurel wreath. On 
the eight larger star rays appeared 
the other battle honours. The men 
still continued to use the old cap 

I small circular brass plate, with the regimental number, 




1845. The sergeants lost their red and white sashes ; others, of plain 
crimson, introduced. 

Just before the regiment embarked for India, in 1846, the bands- 
men were dressed as follows : — Shako hke the privates ; coatee of 
while cloth, double-breasted ; red collar, shoulder straps, and shoulder 
tufts or crescents; red cuffs and slash, with four buttons and plain 
white tape loops by twos ; red turnbacks to the coat tails, and white 
trousers ; a white leathern waistbelt carried in a frog ; a long brass 
scabbard, brass-handled sword. This was strictly according to 
regulation. Many regimental bands, especially on arriving from 
foreign service, wore fanciful additions to their uniform. 

184H. The undress uniform of infantry officers was altered very 
considerably in appearance by the discontinuance of the blue frock- 
coat, with shoulder .scales, and the adoption of a plain shell jacket of 
scarlet cloth, the collar and cuff of regimental facing. Possibly this 
change may not have affected Ihe officers of the 32nd to any great 
extent, as the regiment was in India, and it is believed that shell 



264 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

jackets had been worn in that country for some lime. A black patent- 
leathern sling sword-belt was ordered to be worn with the shell jacket, 
and a great-coat of grey cloth adopted. 

1850. A plain shoulder belt, without breastplate, to carry the 
men's pouchea, was authorised, the bayonet being hung In a frog from 
a waist-belt. This change, however, was not carried out at once ; in 
many cases the cross-belts were worn for a few years afterwards. The 
illuscraiion, page 156, represents a private of the light company, 
immediately before the old cross-belts were removed. The grenadiers 
wore exactly ihe same dress, ihe hall of the shako, however, being 
while. The battalion companies had red and white shako balls, and 
plain shoulder straps, with a small white worsted tuft at the extremity, 
crescent shape. 

1865. The coat tails of ihe whole army disappeared, and frock 
coats or tunics look the place of Ihe old coatee. The first issue was 
double-breasted, ihe buttons of brass, placed at equal distances; no lace 
used, excepting round the buttons on the cuffs and skirls, the coat 
edging piped all over with white cloth ; dark blue trousers, with a red 
well introduced ; the shako made smaller and lighter ; officers' and 
sergeants' sashes worn over the left and right shoulders respectively. 

At the next issue the tunic was single-breasied. Officer's rank was 
now disiinguisheii by the nmounl of gold lace worn, and by crowns 
and stais on the collar. A captain had an edging of the regimental 
gold lace round the top of the collar and the lop of the cuff ; four 
loops of lace, diamond shape, round the buttons on the cuff slash ; 
the same loops round the skirt buttons ; a crown and star on the 
collar. IJeuIennnts and ensigns, a crown or star respectively. Field 
officers had additional lace in the bottom of the collar, round the cuff, 
the cuff slash, and on the skirls behind ; colonels, a crown and star 
on the collar ; lieutenant-colonels and majors, crowns or stars respect- 
ively. .A double-breasted blue frock coal adopted for undress, with 
the gilt regimental buttons and a plain sland-up collar ; Ihe crimson 
silk sash worn over the left shoulder ; sword carried in a while sling 
l«lt. 

By Iferse Guards Cinular, dated Hth May, 1858, the regiment 
was "directed to be clothed, equipped, and trained as a light infantry 



J 



32nd regiment. 265 

"regiment." This, however, involved no very great change in the 
equipment ; for the balls in the shakos, green horsehair plumes, 
" drooping from them five inches high," were substituted ; whistles 
and chains were adopted by the sergeants, worn on the pouch-belt ; 
the chevrons of the non-commissioned officers were displayed on both 
arms, and finally the drummers gave up their drums and became 
buglers. The regimental number, with a bugle, was worn on the 
forage cap of both officers and men. 

The illustration, page 214, taken from a picture drawn for Her 
Majesty the Queen, by Thomas, gives a very good representation of 
a sergeant's dress at this period. 

1866. The peculiar drummer's lace, used by the regiment from the 
early part of the century, was done away with, and the universal 
pattern (white, with red crowns) adopted. 

1867. The officer's black sword scabbard replaced by steel ones, 
and a patrol jacket substituted for the blue frock coat. 

1868. The slashed cuff on the tunic discontinued, and pointed 
cuffs introduced. For levees, etc., officers were authorized to 
wear a gold and crimson sash, gold-laced trousers, and sword belt ; 
the shako was ornamented with gold lace ; the old star replaced by a 
garter and crown ; the number inside surrounded by a wreath of 
laurel in high reliefs ; the green plume also reduced in size. 

About 1873, w^hite clothing, so long used by the band, was dis- 
continued; and, soon after, the shell jackets, worn by the men, abolished, 
and loose scarlet frocks adopted for undress. 

1880. The helmet introduced, also a round undress forage cap for 
officers, with circular peak over the forehead ; the number and bugle 
in gold embroidery; badges of rank removed from the collar and 
displayed on the shoulder straps. 

1881. — Signalized by the introduction of the territorial system, when 
the officers lost their peculiar pattern of gold lace, and the regimental 
distinctions of the 32nd became merged in those of another disting- 
uished regiment — the 46th — together forming the Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry. 

S. M. MILNE. 



i 



1 



[ 267 ] 



APPENDIX 



Battle of Ghinhnt, 1857. 

Mr. John Lawrence gives the following account of the unfortunate 
affair at Chinhut, which was written within two or three days of its 
occurrence, namely, 30th June, 1857 : — 

** At 4 a.m. this morning, a force — consisting of two hundred and 
" fifty of the 32nd Queen's ; the Sikh Cavalry, some one hundred 
"sabres; Volunteer Horse, some thirty-five; some of the 13th 
** Native Infantry, and a batch of Carnegie's gallant Burkundauzes — 
" were ordered to Chinhut. We had also one eight-inch Howitzer, 
" drawn by elephants, and some ten field-guns, native gunners, and 
" drivers. The morning was very close and suffocating when we set 
" out. The big gun was rather an inconvenience, for the elephants 
"literally crawled along the road. We got up to the village of 
" Ishmaelgunge, on the Chinhut road, about 9 a.m. Here we drew 
" up in battle array : the 32nd lay in the hollow of the road, to the 
"left, under the village, with some of the 13th Native Infantry as 
" skirmishers. In the centre of the road was the eight-inch, to the 
" right the light field-guns, Sikhs and ourselves to the extreme right 
" of all. We opened fire ; and the sound of the nine-pounder yet 
"rang in our ears when the artillery of the rebels opened with 
"beautiful precision — every shot flew slap into us. Our guns 
" hammered away manfully for an hour ; and as for the Europeans 
" working the Howitzer, their conduct was beyond praise. The fire 
" was awful ; the enemy's cavalry now commenced pouring at us in 
"one unceasing tide towards our right in the Lucknow direction, 
" evidently outflanking us. 

" After an hour's cannonade, the opposite artillery ceased its fire ; 
" in a few minutes rolling volleys of musketry from the village of 
" Ishmaelgunge showed that Jack Sepoy was there. The Volunteer 



"Cavalry was ordered lo move further lo the right, and then, for the 
" first lime, I t;ot a view of the plain between Isliraaelgunge and 
"Chinhut. It was one moving mass of men. Regiment after 
" ret;iment of the insurgents poured steadily towards us, the flanks 
"covered with a foam of skirmishers, the light puffs of smoke from 
"their muskets floating from every ravine and Ijuncli of grass in our 
"front. As to the mass of the iroops, [hey came on in quarter-distance 
"columns, the standards waving in their places, and everything 
"performed as steadily as possible. A field day on parade could not 
" have been belter, and what was to hinder the enemy from doing just 
"as they pleased? Our artillery ceased its fire, but beyond might be 
" heard the crashing roll of musketry in Ismaelgunge, where the 32nd, 
"outnumbered by myriads, still maintained a struggle. Our side veas 
" perfectly passive ; Carnegie's invincibles had deserted, and while I 
"was looking about for ihera, a bustle in my rear attracted my 
"attention; the rascally gunners were cutting their traces and were 
"galloping away; the elephants for the Howitzer gone; the Sikh 
" Cavalry flying al full speed on ihe Lucknow road. A few European 
"gunners, the Volunteer Cavalry, and the 32nd remained, but now 
"the enemy pressed on more closely, He unlimbered his guns, and 
"swept us wiih grape and canister; the deadly mitraille of musketry 
" poured in one leaden shower from the swarming skirmishers. And 
" now the valiant few of the 32nd are beaten near the village, and 
"come upon the road, their gallant colonel (Case) falls dead as he 
"approaches; some of our guns are spiked and abandoned (ihc 
"Howitzer among them), four are limbered ; and the gun-carriages, 
" covered with wounded men, gallop towards Lucknow. The 32nd 
"also retreat ; mixed up with them arc some of the braves of the I3th 
"Native Infantry — noble fellows, who were seen carrying wounded 
"soldiers to ihc gun-carriages, abandoning their own wounded 
"comrades on the ground. The Volunteer Cavalry form upon the 
"left of the road ; the rest of the handful of England's army is in 
"retreat. A cloud of insurgent cavalry is gathering on the far rear 
" to the left of our retreating column. Do they mean to charge 
"down among those staggering, half-dead heroes, who can scarcely 
"walk along? The red and blue flags thicken among them, when 



iift 



APPENDIX. 269 

" the tremendous voice of our leader (Captain Radcliffe, of the 7th 
" Light Cavalry), is heard — * Three's right ! ' * Trot ! ' and we sweep 
" out of the trees, and off the road, and we are within a quarter of a 
" mile of our opponents. Their * gole ' still forms heavy and dark, 
" and now two light guns open on us ; but the nine-pounder scarce 
" whistled overhead when the stentorian * Charge ' was heard ; the 
" notes of our trumpet sounded sharp above the din of the fight, and 
" we rode straight at them ; the cowards never bided the shock ; they 
"galloped like furies from the spot. Five hundred cavalry and two 
" guns to be hunted by thirty-five sabres ; it was a miserable fact ! 
" The guns got under the shelter of a regiment of the line, which we 
"dared not charge, for the first volley they gave us emptied two 
" saddles ; so sabring up the scattered skirmishers, we wheeled and 
" galloped to the rear of our slowly moving columns. 

"The battle of Chinhut was done; the line of our retreat was 
** marked by the bodies of the 32nd, their arms, their accoutrements : 
" men were falling untouched by ball ; the heat of a June sun was 
" killing more than the enemy. Hard upon our heels they followed ; 
"and as we got into the Residency so did the round shot of the 
" pursuing foe whistle in the air. The siege then virtually commenced. 
" How to end, the Lord alone can tell. In one fatal day the 32nd 
" have left three oflficers and one hundred and sixteen men lo tell the 
" tale of British heroism ; but, alas ! also of British failure." 



THE BURMESE BELL AT BOUMIN. 

Willi regard lo the large bell recently presented to the town of 
Itodinin by ihg men of [he 1st Battalion of the Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, full particulars have now been ascertained by the 
Rev. W. Ligo on behalf of those interested in the gift. 

By corresponding with those acquainted with the circumstances 
attending its acijuisition in Burmah, and by making careful copies 
of its inscription, in manuscript and by a rubbing, Mr. lago has 
elicited from reliable sources the bell's history here given ; — 

" The WuNTHo Bell" may be accepted as its descriptive title, for 
it was originally presented with great ceremony to a new Pagoda 
Temple, in the town of that name, by the Prince and his fatnily who 
ruled and dwelt there. 

It is a modern bell, and the following is the account of its passing 
into the hands of the British. An officer writes i- — 

"On the 16th of February, 1891, without warning of any kind, the 
"storm of invasion broke on the peaceful villages of Upper Burmah. 
" The Swabwa of Wuntho declared war in the usual Oriental fashion, 
"vi/., by advancing unexpectedly into our country, burning villages 
" and destroying life wherever unopposed. 

" Brigadier-fJeneral Wolseley, c.ii., A.D.C, with a force composed 
" of detachments of the Devons, Cornwalls, military police, and some 
"artillery, was soon in movement, and by the 20tb had driven the 
"enemy back to his own territory, and was advancing on Wuntho, 
" his capital. 

"News was brought in on the 31st that the enemy were strongly 
■' stockading themselves on the Wuntho road. 

'' Captain Davis, in command of the advance, did not wait for the 
"artillery, ihe forward movement commending itself, and the attack 
" on the morrow was decided on. 

"At the first streak of dawn the column advanced, the mounted 
"infantry moving lo the flanks to cut off the enemy's retreat, while 



i 



APPENDIX. 271 

" the Devons sent forward a reconnoitring party, under Lieutenant 
" Holman, to ascertain the position and strength of ihe foe. 

"This they were not long in doing, for about three miles from 
" Kawlin and five from VVunlho they exchanged shots with the out- 
" posts, and, driving Ihein in, found themselves in front of a steep 
" hill, surmounted by a strongly stockaded ' Poungee Kyaung ' (priest's 
"house and temple), protected at the base of the hill by a rapid 
" stream. 

"The advanced party now came under a hot (ire, and two men 
"(out of the leading section of 11) fell dead, three being severely 
"wounded. Notwithstanding thislossof nearly half their number, the 
"section passed across the stream and took what cover they could in 
" the wooded slope to await the arrival of the stormers. 

" During this time Lieutenant Holman had two bullet holes drilled 
" through his helmet, one an inch from his head, the other grazing his 
" temple. Surgeon Anderson, who has had a good deal of experience 
"of this class of fighting in other Burmah wars and in Egypt, was 
"close at hand, but before he could reach Holman, who had been 
"temporarily rendered insensible by the blow, the latter was again on 
" his legs, and leading the stormers (who had now come up) straight 
"on the Poungee Kyaung. 

"Though the Devon men were all young soldiers, and dropping 
" fast under the heavy fire poured upon them, they never hesitated 
"until they reached the stockade, and here, while some fired through 
" the chinks, others cut and hacked at the buildings until an entrance 
" was forced. 

" During the attack the Bunnan war-gong kept up a continual clang, 
" and the leaders were heard shouting ' Slay ! Slay the dogs ! ' 

" Directly, however, an entrance was forced the real fighting was 
" practically over. The Swab wa's men did not ajjpear to relish the 
" idea of cold steel, and fled down the reverse slope of the hill, to fall 
"into the hands of the Cornwall men, who— all picked shots, and 
"judiciously posted by Captain Cu stance— opened upon ihem a deadly 
" fire. 

"Seventy-six dead bodies were counted, and the neighbouring 
"villages were said to contain numbers of wounded. 






272 APPENDIX, 

" Among the dead were found the bodies of two of the Swabwa's 
"body-guard, recognisable by the red velvet breeches, which they 
"alone are allowed lo wear; also one of the Swabwa's Ministers, 
" identified by his breeches, in this case of green velveL This last 
"gentleman was bowled over by a volley from six of the CoiDwail's ai 
"a range h'ttle short of one thousand yards, 

" Afier the fight was supposed to be ai an end, and the men were 
" re-forming after the pursuit, a volley was fired into them froni some 
"low jungle. A rush was made for it, and some 40 more Burmans ' 
" were found, in rifle pits, in the low scrub, 

" A short, sharp struggle followed, and shots of friends and foes 
" whizzed in all directions ; but the result was never in doubt, and in 
" a short time the men fell in, and were ready to march on Wuntho, 
" which was now defenceless." 

Having entered the town and occupied it, our troops converted the 
Prince's new Fugoda and Temple {in which Buddhist rites were cele- 
brated) into a Post-office. There, the day after the fight, they found 
the large bell. It still bears traces of having been richly gilded. 

On quitting Wuntho, they look the bell with ihem, and had con- 
siderable trouble, on account of its weight, in conveying it over the 
Mangandine Pass (two thousand feet high), which lies between Wuntho 
and the great river Irraw.iddy. Lives having been sacrificed on both 
sidei in the advance upon Wuntho, the soldiers regarded its bell as a 
war-trophy, and, as soon as possible, forwarded it to their home 
barracks in Bodmin, desiring to present it to the town. 

After it had arrived at the barracks, and been handed over to the 
Mayor and Corporation, a letter of thanks in ackowledgment of the 
thoughtfulness of the gift was sent lo ihe donors. 

The bell itself must now be described : 

It weighs about two hundred- weight. The bell-metal is cast a con- 
siderable thickness. A blow or fall, however, received probably in 
the course of its long journey to Bodmin, has, unfortunately, caused 
a crack in it, which, although not conspicuous, has entirely deprived 
the hell of its note. 

In form the bell is^ike other Burmese bells — narrow at the mouth 



i 



APPENDIX. 2T3 

compared with its height, open at the crown, and without clapper. 
Dragons, forming loops or canons for its suspension, adorn the top. 

Such bells, depending from a cross-beam supported by two side 
posts, are set up outside the Buddhist temples, a deer's horn or two 
being placed near them. 

A worshipper, having recited his prayers, takes up a deer horn and 
strikes the bell with it, generally on the rim, with the idea, it is said, 
of communicating a share of the merit he has acquired by praying, 
to all who are within carshbt of the sound and hear the same in a right 
state of mind. When a deer's horn is not used, any hard piece of 
wood may be used as a mallet. Deer horn is preferred, as being hard 
but not likely to injure. An iron striker should be avoided. 

On the exterior, partly round the haunch of the bell, runs an 
inscription, neatly Incised in six lines of small writing, consisting of 
serai-circles, circles, and other curves and dashes, more or less 
connected. 

General Ardogh, of the Imperial Institute, South Kensington (some 
of whose words have already been quoted with reference to the sound- 
ing of Burmese bells), has obligingly translated the Rev. \V. lago's 
copy of the legend ; the date which occurs in it, having been verified 
also by Mr. Cecil Bendall, of the British Museum, and by Dr. Rost, 
Ubrarian of the India-office. 

The following is the translation of the inscription on the beli : — 
" In the year 1339, on the lllh waxing of the moon Thadingyoot 
"(that is, on the 18th of October, 1877), the Prince of the town of 
"Woontho, the Tsawbwa Gyee Ra/.a (or Rajah, ruler) of high 
"descent, Thokovhwa, and the Princesses Thoowoosa-Kvva, Maha 
" Daewee, and Thoowoona-Roopa Maha Daewee, his Royal spouses, 
"with all iheir sons and daughters, gave this copper bell, weighing 
" 7,750 viss, in accordance with what was suitable, 205, 2 moos and 
" 1 pai. If the price he told it was given in silver rupees. ,\nd they 
" consecrated it, as an offering in front of the Pagoda, having regard 
" to the excellent Incomprehensible, and desiring Norwana (Heaven). 
" On account of this good deed, may they throughout all ages, be 
"blessed with the characteristics of excellent men and with the 



274 APPENDIX, 

" precious endowments of good people, and be consi«cDcms 
"abound with the Ten Cardinal Virtues, and be able to avoid &t>ra 
"afar and shun all evli demerits and bad deeds, and be able to come 
" out of, and rise up from, the future state of punishment and hell. 
"And may they be filled with the gift they ought to wish for, and 
" long for, out of the three excellent gifts, viz., the gift of the knoiHedge 
" belonging to a professed ( Buddhist) disciple, and that of a semi- 
" Boodh, and the omniscience of a Boodh. And may they arrive at 
" ihc excellent golden land of Nerwana, and the resting place of the 
*' great golden country of the true Nerwana." 

The inscription reads from left to right, and the numerals follov the 
name order, and are placed according to the decimal system of nota- 
tion, just as ours arc, the commencing words, &c,, being: — "Thek- 
karect 1,239 Khoo, Thadingyooi," &c. 

The legend is written m the Burmese and Pali languages, some 
parts being repeated, so that one language nay serve as a key to 
the other. The date is that of the Burmese ordinary era, which com- 
mences with A.IJ. 638, the epoch of a certain famous ruler. The 
liurmcBc religious era is reckoned from B.C. 543, the date of the 
death of the fourth Buddha, whose images and supposed relics the 
liiirmcsc worship. 

There are in Burmah some immense bells which have been described 
in Vincent's iMiid nf the White Elephant. From the facts now 
brnught together it will be seen that the bell at Bodmin was Princr 

TllOHONnWA'S KAMIl-V GUT, IN 1877, TO IHE BUDDIST PaGODA- 

Tkmplk of VVuntho, the capital of one of the Shan States of Upper 
Burmah, and thai, after a sharp fight with the Prince's followers, it 
was mkcn by our troops, in repelling the Prince's invasion of our 

territory. 



ROLL OF OFFICERS AND MEN 

WHO WERE 

PRESENT DURING THE WATERLOO 

CAMPAIGN. 

Obtained from a Roll in the possession of Mr. W. C. Murphy, 
Hazlewood, Deacon Road, Kingston-on-Thames, who kindly placed 
it at the Author's disposal. 

The Roll was certified to and signed by — 

J. Maitland, Lieutefiant Colonel ^ 
Samuel Lawrence, Adjutant^ 
Thomas Hart, Paymaster. 
Dated at Guernsey, 26th May, 181G. 



276 



APPENDIX. 



RETURN OF OFFICERS, 
NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS, DRUMMERS, ANT> PRFVATES 

OF THE 32nd REGIMENT 
iVho ivtre present in the Bolt Us of the i6ih, ijth, and 1 8th June ^ iSij, 



Rank, 



Same. 



Rtmarla. 



Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 



Brevet Major 



»j 



Captain 



»» 



11 



»> 



Paymaater 

Surgeon 

Lieutenant 



11 
11 
11 

ti 

n 

11 
11 

M 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 



11 

KnMij(n 



11 
11 
11 
«» 



Adjutant 
Quart fjr-Ma.st.or 
A<<siMtaiit Sursfooii 



11 



11 



John Hiciu 
Felix Calvert 
C*harlea Haines 
Henry Roes Lewin 
W. H. Toole 
John Crowe 
Jacques ftyyae - 
Thomas Casaan • 
RlwardWhitty. 
Hugh Harrison 
Charles Wallet 
Thomas Hart 
William Buchanan 
H. W. Bror,k.s 
George Barr 
M. W. Meighan 
S. H. Lawrence 
Ther»)M^M Butler 
John Boase 
Thoma.«4 Ros8 Lewin 
Henr}' Butterworth 
JaujCM Colthurat 
Jarne.s Ho>>inHon 
It. T. Belcher 
J.imcrt Fitzgerald 
TlioinaM Horan 
Kdwanl Steveod 
Henry Quill 
Jonathan Jago 
Oe(jrge Small 
Jasi»cr Luca?» 
James McCouchv 
Honrv Metcalf 
.fohn Birtwliirttle 
Alexander Stuari 
rfer)rge Browne 
William Bennet 
diaries Dalla.^ 
l)avid Davies 
William Stephens 
11. Tiawder 
H. McClintock 



Died of wounds, 16th June 
Died of wounds, 16tli June 
KiUed 



Sergeaut-Unjar 

Qr.-Mr. Sergt, 

ScLufilniaaUii' Surgl. 
Sorgt.-Arojourcr 
Uruiu-Uiijur 
SergcODt 



William fepiiiii.l 
George UJo 
Juhii .ypiidniilireo 
John linrtim ■ 
Geurge Bcrkky 
M'iltUui UlsnvUle 
S..ml. J-ullard 
Adwicko, J aim 
Barnett, Thomu 
B«[l«iit>v, Ju. 
Buttouely, Joieph 
Bro&d, Saml. ■ 
Brawu, WillisDi 
Clarke, Franciit 
Colwell, WiUiaui 
tnrrigun, Miclil. 
Courtney, Tli'iuia* 
Jjdbble, "iUimi] 
Duffy, Jnaiat - 
Fiigau, David - 
Oljnu, WillUm 
Hills, Jkiuea - 
Hurfuid, Juhu 
Jarrett, Mark - 
Larken, JohD - 
Lcalio, Juliu • 
MeConaick, Wni. 

HfOciWBU, juu. 

Hillar, John - 
Nichols, JaneH 
U'Bnen, Putiiuk 
l>iinlett, Joliii ■ 
IMngle, John - 
Secry, Patriuk 
Slater, Jumeii - 
»h(-].|»»'.l, J..I111 
;i|ieuee, Joliu - 
Slephtnaon, Huljt. 
SvitKer, Chriiitr. 
S[uaUlen, Hicliil. 

Warred. J«liua 
Wetwter, Jobii 
WiliMD, CharleB 
Bingham, Peter 
Dotincy, Jciliit ' 
Btynn, Charlen 
Britt, ?atk. 
Carpeut«r, Joseph 
Carracher, John 
CUrk, Joa. (Hret) 
Clark, I'M. (second] 
ColW-k, John. 
Ciiuper, WUIiikU) 



Whitty's 
Whitty's 
Whitlj-'a 
Whitty'* 
Whilty's 
Whitty's 

1 Whitty's 

I Crowe'e 

' Boyse's 

' Harrison's 
I Kaioe*; 

Wallctt's 

Dilluii's 
Crowe's 
Wnlletfs 

Dillon 'a 

Harri-oo's 

T.«le'ii 

HarrisuD'a 

Harri«)n'« 

WUitty'a 

Rons Lvn'in' 

Dillciu.1 

Toole's 

Dillon'ii 

Walletti 

Harivoii's 

Boyse-. 

Hniiiw' 

Ckmbu's 



j Whitt}-'» 

I Rou Lewin'i 
I Caraan'a 



Toole's 

Dillon's 
Whitty's 
Hoaa Lewin'i 
R0B8 LewinV 
»'ftlktl'« 



Died 19th June, 1815 



DEbU 27tli June, 1 



■ ir-rti 



27» 



.Vl>PEBSnL 



/ptfUri 



* w^^W^ 



^V^mjMNiy* 



r?orfif?ml 



■1 









I »niitni»«'V 



P»*iv».t^ 



r> 



CronhinR, Ptlchiurri 
rMw*y, William - 
iJoriii, John 'nuinuM 
i Mrft, .f AiiUM 
<lhrnn«n, Wiiliani 
fwitAn. JMnen - 
litmryt William - 
Hnn«;hliff7 ThonuM 
,}^iWMt%, .famM • 
Joiww. Stephen - 
.Irm^n, William - 
Itftm^rv, William - 
MfKHll, William- 
MMrriniw!rf>ft, Samoftl 
MilUi^r, Hui^b 
.Monrf^, AtaMM 
Mury4>y, J'^itrick 
.Vow land, D^nniii 
>rf»#t)iTMlt J«m«K 
}*nti.-harri, Hich*rfi 
ilarriAdon. .lohti - 
Umum*^. WilliaTn 
lt»^T»oUu. .lohii - 

Shftuklin. Au/lnnv 
S/irorii^TH. .l#»hn - 
ST»tti»n. WiliiATii 
r.jm^T, Williaui 
"\V'«hh. Uich^it 
\V!iit#». .if%,xnfn 

WiiliftTiiM. Willifeiit 
11/^1 ty VV.IliHin 
OvnK'liuM I*.<t4^r - 
^^•ilU'Ti, Aiuli*mv 
howling, StpphMi 
P!«h#»r John 

.Vf*»*<'Alt', TlmniHK 

K«»i<l. Th<Mi»H*< 

AiliKi»n. ,iri\\\\ 
Ann**uv, .Ir.hn 

AnnAAr, Wiiiiam 
Ai^xor, A>A\n 
A^^>r^ John 
Arn<^kl, V*knt.in#» 
Afkin«, C/hUK 



HAwma'K 




Boyies 


rKfwt ISthJase. Ife3f^ 


IViyse > 


KilliHi ISthJraiB. 1815 


WhiciT's 


Died IdttiJaan. Iblf^ 


UillDa'jh 




iiarrisonV 




Wallelt'it 




HaiziBi 




Boyver 




<Jroweh 




< /foweji 


Died .'«th Jiilr. Ibl5 


Crowe's 


Died l&th June, l&la 


Hamaoah 


Di«d rtiiJiiij, IBlfi 


fioyveV 


Killed IfthJtiiK', 151 a 


HarriaoaV 




llotm IjewinV 




T«)oleh 




<Jtowp.s 




<>owe s 




fiaines 




iloHS Lewin's 




Wluttjr s 


Di€ci i^th July, lislS 


i5(»yre> 




UciViseH 




Hamjfin ^ 




H Chines' 


Kllletl lt>tli Jnni', lal.l 


Whitty ^ 




Lli».«s Le\Tin.-4 




Dillon ^ 




bilUtn > 




\V;ulHt - 


Dien "ii.li <^<iiiljer. I.^Jl.l 


Whiuy . 


Diwi ''Jth June. '.HM 


Tnrjie H 




i/iilnn "i 




Wriilett". 




HiimHon -i 




',1V1TV« H 




liuine?i 




W.iiler.t'^ 




< aM*aii'.-« 




Boy.H« 4 




Rof« L»!win"Tj 




',"r»w(! < 




W;iileTX . 








<,r.we 1 




Whitty 4 




H<.y-<« < 


KHIefl l«UJi June, l?i:> 


ftoyne'^ 




C«-Hi»an'-* 




Whitty H 




Lhiloti* 




hrij-ti* 4 




Hainesi 







APPENDIX. 


27y 


Bank, 


Name. 


Company, 


Remarks, 


Private 


Baislcy, William 


Harrison's 




If 


Baufield, William 


Ross Lewin's 




}f 


Baimidter, VVilliam 


Ross Lewin's 




tf 


Baunew, Daniel - 


Toole's 




t« 


Barker, Jame^ - 


Crowe's 




tt 


Barrow, Joseph • 


Crowe's 




ti 


Batty, John 


Crowe's 




*• 


Batley, Benjamin 


Dillon's 




•■ 


Bartle, James 


DiUon's 






Barry, William - 


DiUon's 




it 


Barrett, Thomas 


DiUon's 




ff 


Barrett, Robert - 


Harrison's 




ff 


Bamtield, John • 


Haines' 




ft 


Barber, Drew 


Haines' 




fj 


Beamish, John - 


Ross Lewin's 




ff 


Bealtie, Thomas 


Casnan's 




It 


Benson, Henry • 


Cassan's 




tt 


Beer, William • 


Boyse's 




tt 


Bible, Francis 


Crowe's 


Died at Corfu 


It 


Bigwood, John - 


Boyse's 


KilledlSth June, 1815 


t) 


Birch, John 


Dillon's 


Died 9th June, 1815 


tt 


Birch, Henry 


Harrison's 




tt 


Bingham, John - 


Toole's 




ft 


Birch, Francis - 


Crowe's 




7 ' 

19 


Biackwell, William • 


Dillon's 




ft 


Bliiszard, Thomas 


Toole's 




f 9 
if 


Blake, Lewis 


Crowe's 




9 9 
it 


Blake, Lewis 


Crowe's 






Bluun, Moses 


Crowe's 




>t 


Bond, John 


Cassan's 


Kille<l 18th June, 1815 


)f 


Bowell, Robert • 


Wallett'« 


Died at Corfu 


f) 


Bottomley, Joseph 


Whitty'8 




f • 


Bowles, John 


Dillon's 




f 1 


Boyle, Neale 


Wallett'8 




If 


Boyd, Robert - 


Cassan's 




tt 


Boyton, George - 


Toole's 




tt 


Browne, John (first) - 


Toole's 




It 


Browne, John (second) 


Crowe's 




It 


Browne, John (third) • 


Ross Lc win's 


Died of wounds 16th Jan., 


It 


Browne, James (fourth) 


Whitty's 


[1816 


l» 


Bennett, John • 


Toole's 




If 


Brookes, George 


Crowe's 


Killed 18th June, 1815 


>» 


Bnitton, Joseph 


Whitty'a 




If 


Brcnnau, Andrew 


Dillon's 




)} 


Bray, William • 


Ross Lewin's 




l| 


Brophy, John - 


Toole's 




ff 


Bruncaid, William 


Boyse'H 




ff 


Bryan, John 


Harrison's 




ff 


Bryan, Daniel 


Walletfs 




ft 


Bryan, Edward - 


Ross Lewin's 




n 


Brinkworth, Robert - 


Toole's 




It 


Burke, John 


Whitty's 




» 


Bunie, James 


Whitty's 




II 


Butler, Thomas • . | 


Haines' 


Died At 8t Mama 



i«^^ 



^■Mb 



->*0 



APPENDIX. 



AVrtil-. 



Xtm^. 



'Mmfontt, 



I*nrnt#. 



») 



fi»im^p. i'afcfick - 
H»irTi«t. vVilliaiii 

^Hniwt. vVtilUin - 
'"'•hill. John 

^*Hnt<HI, H<mrv - 
^*AmHJ. Thonuw 
'.Hrrow. .Sitiv»n 

f\T\n. JaniMi 

' !«n*«>n . i J#mri;^ ■ 

' "Hv^nHfrh I AWTPtuse 
' !HtilH«H<l. TlmrnaM 

^'h»»rtpr^. John 

• 'tiwr»p#*t 'Diotiimj* 
* ilf. .r.t Al^'iiiiuli^r 
''.(^v:. ;''.i;iri 
''•utV l-'iHii**;.-* 

''. .MIm St**!,!!**!! 

' '. 1 I i»T ^rf-T.lift) 

' ".,r.i -niTi .i»'hl. 

''. ,,ri.-W .■N.iriiiiHl 
<^', , »'r KiflMr.l 
f '..jt#*!!.,. Tlinmai* 
' '. ,iir,<»r. .{'iIhi 
' ".it ♦• .\i>TiSkt\rAU 
' '.inii-«h John 

f'.AiHrUf* "\^':lH/iIli 

^"..llifT '.V'I'ii;»in 
ro'k' .•■mi*— 

^ 'fili'liiMli ■A*..li;iin 

'' f. ./ii'v Kilt (<'V' 
^ ■• t'ln »♦< >M ' »''' ■»'/(» 
i IM11/. 'vVMlimii 
C'r\]>'.f' •! -hn 
r;r )'^1»'V. VV.iiiHrn 

I Ml')' A J..«Pj;|\ 



Dtliun'fi 

lUhxae* 

iioy«e'i! 

A'hitty . 

liaiuea 

H^aioeM 

Haiaes 

HarriBon'tf 

Dillon .4 
\Vftilettf=» 

<'iMtMan\ 
' '.'uMAn .- 
4 'aAraii'.'- 

<■' limin r 

< ,'rowre :* 
< 'iow#» - 

1 ii<tUi - 

lti*'«.i 1^-wiu - 
Wiiirtv ' 
liAinesi 
l\%rn->"ii ' 

ifarn.-stiii - 
ffrun"«ou /- 

'.Vuilett < 
Wailt-rt - 
111 I"?* Lewm - 

r< ;»•;♦• - 
r<H lie ■• 
T-f-u; ^ 

(iiiV.-^ • 

W'lltTV * 

A iitrv . 
vV i.lt-r,T.' i 
T'Xiie ■• 



Dial I'tli Juiv, 1^1^ 
Died 19th Jane, 1515 



Ditoi l»th July, I5i: 



Killed leth June, I8i:^ 

Killtfd ISthJune. lbI3 
Died :Oth June. 181;' 
Killed ISth June. IPl.' 
Ivillefi loth June. ISlCi 



Di«*ii ". st .iuiv. ! "^l."* 



ivllleti iMili Jiiiie. l:>I,'i 



ICiilefi I.SrIi Jiiuh. Is!.') 



r*ie(i at Sr. Mama 



APPENDIX. 



281 



Jtank. 




Private 

a 

}i 

»» 

ft 

»} 

it 

)> 

:i 

If 

»» 

It 

11 

»» 

»» 

i> 

i» 

ti 

i> 

»i 

>> 

»> 

it 

it 

11 

It 

11 

it 

II 

11 

ti 

;» 

11 

■> 

•t 

»» 

>» 
»» 
}• 
;> 
it 
>• 
f» 
>» 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
If 
II 
II 
)l 



Davies, Edwanl - 
Davies, Jobu 
Dellamore, Thomas 
Delnuey, Patrick 
Devlin, Johu 
Devlin, Jamea • 
Devlin, Henry - 
Dixon, Richard - 
Doherty, John - 
Donohue, Edward 
Donnelly, Jamea 
Downey, Jamea - 
Donovan, Jeremiah 
Dovey, John 
Donnelly, Johu - 
Doyle^ Jamea 
Deane, Thomaa • 
Douglas, George 
Dnnlaw, Patrick 
Downey, John - 
Dumphy, Michael 
Dunsheath, Jamea 
Dunaheath, Nathaniel 
Dunbar, John 
Dunne, Lawrence 
Dunne, William - 
Durmew, Phillip 
Drew, Nicholas - 
Dyer, Saml. William 
Eaatman, William 
Eagaii, Gilbert • 
Eastman, Thomaa 
EUi.^ou, John 
Emaley, Benjamin 
Eccles, Thomas • 
Ellif)tt, George - 
Faneka, George - 
Fagan, Edward • 
Farrell, Francis - 
Fleming, William 
Fleming, John - 
Flatley, John 
Fitzsimmons, Daniel 
Forster, Thomas 
Faley, Timothy - 
Francis, Charles • 
Freestone, Edward 
Freeman, James 
Francis, David • 
Turnifall, David 
Gamer, John 
Garner, Thomna • 
Gill>ert, Thonms 
Gilded, Michael • 



Company, 



Boyse's 

Boyse's 

Toole's 

Ross Lewin's 

Boyse's 

Boy^e'a 

Casaan's 

Walletfs 

Wliitty's 

Whitty's 

Whitty's 

Haines' 

Dillon's 

Dillon's 

Walletfs 

Widlett's 

Ross Lewin's 

Boyse's 

Crowe's 

Crowe's 

Whitty's 

Haines' 

Wnlletfs 

Wallett'a 

Boyse's 

Boysea 

Crowe'a 

Harrison's 

Rosa Lewin'rt 

Whitty's 

Harrison's 

Wallet t'a 

W-allett'a 

Ross Lewin's 

Crowe's 

Crowe's 

Crowe'a 

Caasan's 

Dilhm's 

Whitty's 

Dilhm's 

Walletfs 

Harrison's 

Harrison's 

Ross Lewin's 

Ross Lewin's 

Cassan's 

Boyse's 

Crowe's 

Harrison's 

Wallett'a 

Crowe'a 

Whitty's 

Cttfleau'tt 



Jtemarks. 



Died29th June, 1815 
Killed 16th June, 1815 

Died 15th October, 18' 5 



Died 19th June, 1815 

[1815 
Died of wounds, 9th July, 
Died of wounds, 2tf th J uly , 

[1815 



Killed 16th July, 1815 



Died 1st July, 1815 



Killed 18th June, 1815 



Died 19th June, 1815 



^^^^^^^H 


Bank. 


Name. 


Cbtnpaiiy. 


Sonorl.. 


Priwta 


Gordon, Thuniax 


Haioea' 


^ 




OoldbK, Uemy - 




Dillou'B 


^^M 


',] OadMU, Oliver - 




Toole's 


Died IStb ,)unc, ISl^^H 


" 


Gould, luac - 




T-iole'a 


^^H 




Goruiby, ThooiM 




CaHSaua 


Died 10lb Jeue, IR^^^H 




Qoddard, Johu ■ 




Dillon'* 


Killed 18th Jane, Il^^^H 




Grier, Patrick - 




Whitty'a 






Grigg, Joseph - 




Whittja 






Graham, Robert ■ 




Whirty-B 






OrimtB, John 




Uainea' 










HarrisoD'a 


Died 19lh July. ISl^^H 




GrrenJilade, William 




Dillon's 


^^H 




Grey, Kioliard ■ 




DUlon-s 


^^H 








WallBtfa 






Grimea, Samuel - 




Cauau'e 






Grov«<, Jobti - 




Toole X 


KUled 18th July, ISla 




Uroulu, Edwani 




H«Tii»n'» 


KilleillBth July, IS15 




Uamm, Biohard ■ 




Whitlya 






Hargrovea, William 




Whitty'a 






Uawke«. William 




WTiiCty's 






Hall, John - ■ 




Haiues' 






Hall. Charle« - 




HarriBou'B 






Hamiltuo, Krauda 










HaadB, Tliomao - 




Harrison's 




II 


H.ir(liug, James - 
Harding. John - 
Hanley. Elijah - 
Hart, Thomaa . 
Hauoock. William 
HalUgau, StepheTi 
Haunon, ThuuiaH 
Harfor-l, John - 
Hauiillou. William 




Ililiilll 


EiUed ISth July, if^^H 


" 1 Handoitfli, WiUiaiu 




Crowe's 








Cnme-B 




Hawkw. J&mes - 




Cawan'B 




' H»«lte9, Edward 




Wallett-N 


Killed IStlt Juae, ^^^| 


, Heady. John 






Crowe'. 




;; ' Herd, Oeut^B 






Crowe's 




,, ' Hvaly, Thoniaa 






Buy«e'8 




hleuueMv, Julin 






Cuaan'a 




1 Head, William 






llo» LewiuV 




1 He.le,J«..b 






Walletl'B 




1 Higgins, Jue»i>l. 






Dillons 


Kille.1 liith June, ^^^| 


' HindB, Jfttnes 






Whilty-* 


Died at Zant ^^^H 


1 Higg., Thomas 






Crow.-e-s 




'^ ! Hollatid, Jatn« 






Crowe's 




;; Hoy.Mithsel 






Crowa'a 




Holleron, Th.nnaa 




BoyM'a 




1 Hc-i-kiUB, Thuniaa 




Boyw'a 




1 Hupliam, Thomu 




CaLan-B 


Killed IStb June, l^l^^H 


" Ho(«,J<.ht. 




TooIps 




H™kit». ThuiUM. 




Toole-H 




Hode, Paul . . 


Toole'a 


M 





APPENDIX. 


283 


Hani. 


NtvK. 


Company. 


Bemark,. 


Pri*-at« 


Hookway, Johu ■ 


Toole'a 






HornB. Jtoies - 


BossLnriu'a 






HolhuJ. TllUUlBl 


Walletf. 






Hwk, Williuu ■ 


WaUetl's 






Molten. William 


Dillon's 






Howell, IloWt - 


Kllous 






UullBut, Juhn ■ 


Harrison's 






Howee, Timothy 


Hainea' 






HalttiM, George - - 


Wbittj'a 






Hughes, Joseph - 


Whitiy's 






HiintlB}-, UaviJ - 


Whitty-B 






Huston, Bojla - 


Harrison's 






Hutcliinaon, ThuDuw - 


KoM Lewin's 






Hughfa, William 


Toole's 


Died at SI Mamn 




Hulae, Joaejih - 


Boyse's 






Humphor^mi, Juliii - 


Boyse-s 


DiBl5lhSei.touiber,1815 




HyucH, Diiiiiel - 


Haines' 


Kitted latli June, lei.l 






Bamsou's 






iDgrain, Thoma* 


Boyse's 


Died Stb July, 1S15 




Ireland, William 


Crowe's 




James, James . . 


Whittys 






Jama<, Thomas . 


Haines'' 






JiickiH>n, William 


Toole'a 






Jankim., William 


Whitty„ 


KillG.1 Ittth June, 1S15 




Jeffriea, John - . 


WJlett'a 






Jon»«, John 


Maine.' 






Junes, Thomas (Hnl) - 








Jones, Thoimn{Bec«nd) 


Cro«-c'i 






Jones, Dauiel 


Toole's 






Johdstoue, Edgar - 


Koss Lewin's 






John, Evau - . 


Bojse's 






J^,r<lnii, Jamvii - 


Boyse's 


Dieillst July, 18ir> 




Keuuon. John - 


W billy's 


KiltedlSlh June, ISIS 




Kerr, Hsnty - . 


Haines' 






Kennedy, John . 


HarrisoD's 






Kelly, Doujiuitk 








Kennedy, Janice 


Cassan's 






Ki.l,j, Jountiis., 


Whitiy's 






Kiug, Elijah 


Whitiy's 






KiuiLre, WiUiaui 


T.ioleB 






Kimb«, Nathaniel . 


Dillotis 






Kicrnan, MJL-hael 


Ctowc'm 






Kirkwood. Willinn. - 


Cnm-e's 


Died 1 lUi August, IHIo 
Died 23nlJuly. 1816 
Died 12tb July, 18IS 




Kibl,j-, Kidiard - 


Walletls 




Kirl™., Edivar.1 






Kirtj, John 




Died 2Sth May, 1816 




Kin-ley, J«m..H - . 




KilledlSth June, ISIC 




KniiwlFB, hnniuel 


Cassan's 






Knux, Audrew . 


Boyse's 






Latoy, William - 


HTiittj's 






Lau'liu, Daniel - 


Whitiy's 






Umsaen, WiHiaui . 


Haine:- 






Lamb, Thumas - 


Harrison's 




^ 


Uwton, KaUii ■ ■ 


Dillou's 





Auil 


JVmu. 


Company. 


Kfwtark: 


Privtte 


I^nirotnbo, William - 


Rom LrniD'a 






Uwioii, Bobert - 


BoyK« 








L«.g!ey.J»ha • . 


Crowe'* 








LuuBJiter, John ■ 


Harri«.Bi 








Leooard, Patrick 


Dillont 








Uo, Jo«ph - - 


Botm'* 








Liiiiux, Jauica - 


Harriwr.-. 






1 


Leitou, Waiiain - 


Haiue.- 








Litlte. Juhn 


Whittv's 






Linwoa. Juhu - 


Wallett'B 






LHwell. JttmM . 


T'Kile's 


Die.1 at Albany BaiTaok( 




Lui-kley, JauiH ■ 


WhittJB 






Lobb. William - 


Boy.e. 


Killed inth Jnne, ISIS 




UoA.^. William 


R-M Lewina 


Killed 18th Juw!. 1815 




Lcwi», Jsuira - 


CaxBaii's 


Killed iaU.JuiK-.mj 


II 


I,-.t{aii, John 


Hkinn' 






L<«i)ey. Willian. 


Wallett'a 






Uk». Kichard - 


KoM Lewiu'a 






Hackery. WUIUn. - 


Whilly's 






Mauley, John - • 


Whillja 






Mthou, Joliu . 


Haines' 






Hagw-wci, John - 


Haio»' 






Mai>oI>, Johu - 


HuTiaon'a 






Hadilun, John - 


Dilloua 






MacklB. Clinrle* - 








Marlcy, Mile. ■ 


Bo» Lt^wiii's 






Maroliall. Willuuu 


Ko»« Uwin'a 






MarUii. Robert - 


CiuHan. 


DIlhI »t St. Mar ^1 




Maj-nc. Corneliu» - 


R.,yKi.> 






Bl»«fle1d. John - - 


BoyMs'K 






Mark.. ThoouM ■ ■ 


Cruwe. 






Haniar, Sanruel • 










Cr«WB'. 






McCiiol. John - 


B..y«'. 


Kille.ll6thJun«,l|H 




MtQuire, Hugh - 


RouLxdn'x 


Killed 16th JuM, m^ 




Mi>Kier.iun. Luke - 


Crowe-» 


Killxd inth June, ISlC 




MtOuirp. James ■ 


Cmwe a 


KilledlSUi Jan*. ]«1S 




Mullonagh, Ileuuin - 


TooW- 


Kill«l 13th JuiM, 1815 




McJeroy. Williairi 


Wallell'. 


Kill«il8tli June. 1615 




MgOam.Owen - - 


Hainex' 


Died :i4th July, laiS 




McLelland. B.>l.eit - 


Whitly'B 






M..H..in, WiUin,,, 


Haiiie*- 






McOam, Mithuel 


Hain(»' 






McKentiy. TatnL'k - 
McLouBhlin, Diivia - 


Huiiie.' 






Haiiien' 






McLua<l4. JaiiK'H 


Haino.- 






MeCarr..]l, Williftin - 


liilluu's 


Died 19ih June. 1SI5 




McOarri'll, JaiiifJi 


Wallett.-s 






McCHrtliy. Davi.l 


Wallctl. 






McCarthv. Henrr 


Ho« I*«viiia 






McCMthy, Jeremiah - 


Boyaea 






Mi.-C.lver. Jau>«a 


Roan Lewin'a 






MuPhatridge. John ■ 


It«M U<rill'') 








MoUkiiui, EUvvatd 


KuaaU'niu'. 


^H 



I 





APPENDIX, 


285 


BmJt. 


Nane. 


Company. 


StV»Ti$. 


Priv.te 


MoC»nn, Terence 


Toole-e 






McHood, EdwMil 


Tooie'a 






HuCabe, Peter - 


Cuaan's 






McGwvey, Tliomafl - 


Cunn'a 






MtHanr. Jam™ 


Casaan-H 






McDole, SmiUi - - 


Cassan'B 






McAffee, Jolm ■ 


Boyse'fl 






MrtiuLre. Joliii - 


B.O-«>U 






McIKiiial.i,Tin,ntby ■ 


Crowes 






Maiam»™, Jolm 


Crowe'a 






M^iulwii. J.ilm - 


Harrisona 






Millnr. Tliomiw - 


Hainea' 






Milton, JaoiM - 


Hainca' 






Moore, Thoma* - 


Harrison's 


Killed 16lh June, ISin 




Millen, William - - 


Dillons 








Will let fa 






Mi..l,..|l,TlM. (fimt) - 


Toole-B 






MLi^-lidl, Til. .s. (second] 


Uoyse'a 






Mitcliell, Roliort 


Boyse'a 




„ 


MiMbell, Silufl - ■ 


Caimn-s 


DiedlStli June. 18ir. 




Hilcx, MicbMl - ■ 


Cassau's 






MilU. JoMph - 


Cassan's 






Mortimorc. Aleinnder 


Whilty's 






Miiulton, JnliTi - 


Hainea' 






Mtwiia, John - 


H«rri«on-H 






Mo.«», J.mea - - 


IJillon's 


Kille<n.'>th June, 181,1 




Moore, R.)bert - 


Dillon-s 






Muore.Sumud ■ - 


Cassan's 






Hums, Chorlen - 


l>illon'« 






Mortgiitr..v't, Matthciv 


Dillon's 






Murroff. William 


Walletfs 






Muntguiiirv, Jattiea 


Casaan's 






Morrin, Mi.ttliuw 


Boyse'a 






Morle)-, Tlifiiiiiu. ■ 


Croire'K 




.. 


Morliniiir, Jurfjih 


Crowe'H 






Hurray. JameH ■ 


Whitty'a 






Murray, William 


Wliilty-s 
Boyse"* 






Murray, Micl.sel 






Murray, John - 


Crowe's 






Mullins, Thoinas 








Mo1[..lliin,l, Artliur - 


Walletfs 






Mullin., James - - 


R,«s Lewin'a 


Died at Corfu 




■Mullcwey, Jobn - . 


Cassan'a 






Murphy, Micliael 
Neilfy, John 


Cassan's 






Whitly's 






Newnmu. WUliam . 


Hainex' 


Kille.1 IBtli June, 18ir. 




Nwbitt, J'lhn - 


Walletfs 






Noiman, TimoHiy 


Dillon's 






Oatea, JanioB 


KoasUttin's 


Died29th Jnnc, 1S1.'< 




Oilgera, J..hn - . 


Walletfa 






Owlcu, James ■ . 


B»rse-s 






Oliver, Jainex (firxt) ■ 


Hoyso's 






Oliver, JariieH (sdiiiiil! 


Whitty'- 




,', 


OuioiM, William '- 


Caanu'a 





2fi6 


■^ 


..„, 


4 


JCarut. 


Namf. 


Co„>pan3. 


AMwrU ^^H 


PriVRta 


Painter, Solomon 


Dillon'f. 


^^1 




Palmer, Wm. (firet) ■ 


Dillon's 






Palmer, Wm. {socond) 


Toole'8 


^^M 




Palmer, RoRer - 


Canaan's 






Pareoub, Richard 


Boyse's 






Pntrick, wmum 


Ross Lewiii's 






P»»!oe, Robert ■ 


Wallett's 






Poaroj, Tliomas ■ 


Haines' 








Harrisoii'H 






Prarce. James - 


Crowe's 






Jewe, John 


Harrison's 






Peglar. George ■ 


Boyoa's 






Perry, William . - 


Boyses 






Perry, Jamm - 


CasBftn's 






Perkins. Jowpli - 


Caasan'n 






Peyton, John - 


Wallett's 






Philipi, John (firat) - 


Hain«' 






Philijui, John {aecoudj 


Harrison's 






Philips, ThomaB - 








Planner, Anthony 


Boyse's 


^^H 




Porter, Henry - 


Whitty'a 






Powers, Jonn - 


Hainee' 








Wallett's 


^^H 




Po^B, George - 


Wallett's 


^^H 




PoitoQ. William 


Crowe's 






PriMhan!, William - 


Toole's 






Prndom, John - 


Haines' 






Prittitig, Isaac - 


Wallett'i 






Probitt. William 


Tooles 






Purser, bMo 


Rom Uwin's 






Pullen, Thomaa . . 


Whitty's 






PugU, William ■ 


Toole's 






Pnrnell, WilUam 


Caasau's 






Primv, John 


Caaaan's 






Potters, Thuman 


Wallett's 


Killed leth June, 1815 




Pinker, Thomw - - 


Harrison's 


Killed IScb June. 1815 




LuiKly, Patriok - . 


Caaaans 


Killed Ifilh Juue. 181S 




Rawlinga. William 


Whitlrj-'s 


Died lOlli June. 1815 




Hamlun, George 


Toole's 






Rawlins, William 


Crowe'a 


^J 




KeHUick, David ■ 


Casaan's 






Rectroond, Hugh 


Whitty's 






Ree<l, Joseph - - 


Whitty's 






Keed, Samuel - 


Whitty's 






Reed, WiUiam - 








Romaay, William 




Died S8th Julj, iSa^^M 




Reedman, Thomas - 


Dillon's 


^^1 




Reynolds, John ■ . 


Whitty's 






Reynoldfl, Junes 


Harrison's 






Rea. Jftmes - - 


Haines' 






Reilly, John 


Haines' 


Di»l 4lh Julf, ISU^^H 




Reilly, HUea 

Riddle, Joseph - - 


Dillon's 


^^^B 




Harrison's 






Rodgers, William . 


Whilty'a 


-J 





APPENDIX. 


2ni 


Hani: 


Name. 


Company. 


Jtemarku, 


Private 


Rodgers, John - 


Haines' 






Kodgers, Frederick 


Harrison's 






RoBkelly, WUliam 


Toole's 






Rooney, John 


Haines* 






Roberts, Charles 


Harrison's 






Roche, Miohael - 


DiUon's 






Rowley, James - - | 


Dillon's 






Rodgerson, Robert 


Wallett's 






Rowen, Stephen - - \ 


Toole's 






Rowe, John 


Cassan'ri 


Died 6th July, 1815 




RolHson, George 


Boyse's 


Died 14th July, 1815 




Richards, John • - : 


Boyso's 






Roecliffe, John - 


Crowe's 






Reedken, Henry - j 


Toole's 






Reesden, Henry - 


Crowe's 






Rutherforce, Joseph • 


Crowe's 






Rafter, John 


Crowe's 


Killed 16th June, 1815 




Sanderson, George 


Haines' 






Sanders, Tliomaa 


Wallett's 






Sanders, William - , 


Ross Lewin's 






Sanbrook, Benjamin - ' 


Ross Lewin's 






Sadler, Samuel - 


Ross Lewin's 




• 


Safeguard, George 


Ross Lewin's 






Salsbury, John - 


Ross Lewin's 






Savage, Richard - 


Toole's 






Serjeant, John - 


Crowe's 


Die<l 19th Juno, 1815 




Scott, William - 


Harrison's 


' 




Sennett, Moses - 


Wallett's 


Died 




Sehackleton, William • 


Toole's 


Killed 16th June, 1815 




Sheer, Luke 


Boyse's 


9 




Shephard, Nathaniel • 


Crowe's 






Sherry, William 


Boyse's 






Sheridan, John - 


Dillon's ^ 






Shannon, Samuel 


Harrison's 






SiromH, George - 


Haines' 






Simmonds, John 


Dillon's 


Killed 16th June, 1815 




Skilling, William 


Dillon's 


Died 16th January, 1816 




Skulling, (ieorge 


Wallett's 






Sladc, John (first) 


Crowe's 


Kille<l 18th June, 1815 




Slade, John (second) - 


1 Wallett's 






Slade. Thomas - 


Crowe's 






Sly, Thomas 


Ross Lewin's 






Sneyd, Thomas - 


Crowe's 






Smith, James (first) - 


Haines' 


Died 19th June, 1815 




Smith, James (second) 


Boyse's 


7 




Smith, John (first) - 


Boyse's 






Smith, John (second) • 


Harrison's 






Smith, Thomas - 


Haines' 






Smith, Daniel 


Dillon's 






Smith, William - 


Dillon's 






Smith, Benjamin 


Wallett's 


DiedlSth June, 1815 




Smith, Louis 


Ross Lewin's 






Smith, Vere 


Toole's 




99 


Solomon, Robert 


Harrison's 





288 


APPESDrX. 


^M 


AliUr. 


Name. 


Componj. 


Jbmarht ' 


Pri»«to 


Srimmertnii, John 


Toob-« 


^^J 






Southall, John ■ 




Cawan's 




[ 




Stunkr. Ralph - 




H^ine.' 




k 




Stanley. Thoaian 




Ciiassii's 








8terim"ay, Thomiia 




Crowe't 








StuifieM. Jnhn ■ 




Croti-e'« 


Died at Corfu J^^^M 










Crowe'fl 


Killed 18th June, IS^^^H 






StukB, Edwu-d - 




Cawan'a 








StTOug, William 




T.H.le'» 








Stoart, JrkmM . 




Orowe'a 








StuBrt, Tli'itOM - 




Toole> 








Sullivan, Patrick 




Whitty*« 








Sullivan, John - 




Dillon-- 








Sulllvno, Jatnes - 




Boyse'a 








Sutton, JcwepU - 




Dillon's 








Swain, Jame» - 




Harrison's 








Swain, Thomas • 




HarriHoa'a 








Sweeny, John - 




Toole'a 








Short, Samuel - 




Diilun's 








Tatluclc. Matthew 




Crowe's 


Dial at Biitto] ^^^M 






Tbomw, Joseph - 




Whitty'i 








ThoniM, Robtrt - 




Hainas- 








Thomaa, Juhu - 




Hanwm'a 








Thomiu, William 




Dillon'. 


^^^^H 






Thoiiiiu, George - 




Dillon's 








Thornttiii, Williaut 




Crowe'a 








Thornton, Patriok 




Harriion'n 








rilBV. Jonathan - 
Took. Patrick . 




Wailelt'a 










Boyse'fl 












Boysa'B 








Trevftin, ThomiiB 




Boyw'B 


d:c<1 ai o»t<^na ^^^1 






Toinlia».D, Frederick 




Haines' 








Townloy, Oeorgo 




Toole'a 








Touk«, William - 




Ron Lewin'i 








Tregilgnfl, John - 




Whitly"* 
Dillon^ 








Ti^wheU, Henry 










Trescult, Gaorge 




Crowe's 








Trodwin, Henry - 




Boyae'. 








Tniver*, Qeorge - 




Boyse's 








Trotter. John - 




Dillon's 








Taylor, Pelera - 




Wallett'g 








Uplan, Tliumas ■ 




Harrison'. 








Undorwuod. Ban jam i 




Toole's 








Venaani. John ■ 




Toole's 








Veriuiler, Ben jam in 




Walletfa 








VaguB. Robert - 












V«lt. Thomas - 




Harriton'a 








Vereker, Dennis - 




Haines' 








W«l«,Th..ma. - 












W»rd, Daniel 




Wallett's 








Watley, William 












Walk.-r, Oeorgo - 




CasBan'a 








Walerhsll, George 




Crowe's 






Webber, William 


CMsaa's 


m 



APPENDIX. 



289 



Hank. Name. 

1 


Company, 


Jiemarkif. 


1 
Private Webber, John - 


Dillon's 




„ Webber, George - 


WTiitty's 




„ Westwootl, Thomas - 


Whitty's 




„ White, Benjamin 


Haines' 




„ Whinipey, William 


Toole's 




„ ! ^^^licham, James 


Boyse's 




„ 1 When ton, George 


Crowe's 


Kille<l 18th June, 1815 


; Willets, Samuel - 


Toole's 


^ ^» A A V ^ir ^ V ^m ^^ ^^ ^*^ ^*^ ^^^ ^ ^ ^^ W ^" ^^ 


1 Wilkes, George - 


Toole's 




Willis, William - 


Haines' 




„ ; Williams, John - 


Haines' 




„ . Williams, Edward 


Harrison's 




„ Williams, Hugh • 


Ross Lewin's 




„ 1 Williams, Joseph 


Cassan's 






Williamson, Charles - 


Harrison's 






Wilkinson, John 


Wallett's 


DiedlOth June, 1815 





Winters, Patrick 


Wallett's 






Woods, Peter - 


Toole's 






WooUey, John - 


Ross Lewin's 






Worrall, Thomas 


Harrison's 






Wright, Charles - 


Boyse's 






Wood, William • 


Crowe's 






Wynne. Peter 


Ross Lewin's 


Died 9th July, 1815 




Yw^iley, George - 


Cassan's 






Young, Joseph - 


Haines' 






Young, John 


Whitty's 





BATTLE OF SALAMANCA. 



(From the Casualty Returns^ 32nd Regiment^ 181 2.) 



KILLED IN ACTION. 

'2.3rd and 24th June. — Privates Robert Greenway, William Lacey, Amlrew 
Harman, Michael Courtney, Edward James, James Lear, Rolxirt Tate, 
William Paul, James Doherty. 

22nd July. — Sergeant John Keyes ; Privates Charles Matthews, Henry Collins, 
Thom.as Armstrong, Samuel Reed, Benjamin Walsh, Edward Dunne, John 
Xeagle, Thomas Phillips, Peter Henshaw, Robert Seggerson, Timothy 
Wilkins, John Peilley. 

DIED OF WOUNDS. 

June. — Corporal John Tibl>s ; Private James Mould. 

From July to August. — Sergeant James Payne; Privates Edward Kite, John 
Weakly, Thomas Allen, Thomas Bickerton, Thomas Glover, John Hobbs, 
John Fogarly, Richard liardcastle, Thomas Colesby, Stephen Tyther, 
Richard Owen, Samuel Reeves, John Courtney, Samuel .Sheppard, Edward 
Morgan, James Canlling, George Browne, Moses Nettle, Thomas Higginson, 
Joseph Turner. 



a** 



290 



APPENDIX. 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF THE 32nd REGIMENT 
IN THE DEFENCE OF LUCKNOW, 1857.* 



F>rsT OF THE OFFICERS ENGAGED IN 


THE DEFENCE : 


T. Inglis, colonel, brigadier 




Lieutenant-Colonel Case - 


Killed 


Major Lowe 


- Wounded 


Captain Sieevens ^or Stevens} - 


Killed 


Captain Mansfield . - . - 


- Killed 


Captain Power .... 


KiUed 


Captain Hassano . . . . 


- Wounded 


Captain McCabc . - - . 


Killed 


Lieutenant Lawrence 




Lieutenant Edniondstoune, 2nd battalion 


Wounded 


Lieutenant Webb . . . . 


- Killed 


Lieutenant Foster . . - . 


Wounded 


Lieutenant Clcry 




Lieutenant Brown 




Lieutenant Hrarkenbury 


- Killed 


Lieutenant Harmar - - - - 


Wounded 


Lieutenant Cook 


- Wounded 


Knsi^n ('harlton .... 


Wounded 


Knsi^n Studdy 


- Killed 


Paymaster (liddings 




Ouarl*'!'- Master Stril)l)lin^'^ 




Sur^M'on S( olt, M.D. 




Assistant-Surj^con Hoyd 





I.M)M> ( ()NNI.( TI.I) WITH THK .TJND REGIMKNT IN lAX'KNOW DURING 

TMK SIKGK : 

Mrs. Case and sister ; Mrs. Slcevcns ; Mrs. Giddings. 

The oftl( ers and sixty men of the I52nd Regiment were instructed in 
gun-drill, ;is thorc were only a very few artillery in the garrison. 



• The Kdilor is in(lcl)tcd to Major Shanks, R.M.L.L, for these interesting 
Notes. 



APPENDIX. 291 

June 30th. — A reconnaissance was made by Sir H. I^iwrence, the 
troops comprising three hundred men of the 32nd regiment, being 
commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Case ; the advance guard was 
commanded by Captain Steevens, 32nd regiment. The enemy was 
found to be in overwhelming strength ; our force met with heavy 
losses and was compelled to retire. Colonel Case and Captain 
Steevens were killed in this affair. 

July 4th. — Five privates of the 32nd regiment went out and 
spiked a nine-pounder gun which the enemy had placed very near 
the gate of Inne's post ; they also shot four of the rebels, who were 
taken completely by surprise while at their dinner. 

July «5th. — On this day a private of the 32nd regiment was seen 
to kill five of the enemy with ten shots, while he was under a very 
severe musketry fire. 

July 7th. — A sortie was made by fifty men of the 32nd regiment 
and twenty Sikhs, led by Captain Mansfield and Lieutenant 
I^wrence, of the 32nd regiment, and Ensign Studdy of the same 
corps ; the object was to discover if the enemy were driving mines ; 
it was perfectly successful, and some twenty of the enemy were 
killed. Our loss was one of the 32nd regiment, severely, and one 
slightly, wounded. 

July L3th. — Ensign Charlton, of the 32nd I^egiment, was danger- 
ously wounded in the head while in the Church. 

July 19th. — About 9.30 a.m. a large shot passed through a room m 
the Residency, in which the officers were at breakfast ; Lieutenant 
Harmar, 32nd regiment, had a leg broken by the shot, but no one 
else was touched. 

July 22nd. — (The twenty-third day of the siege). The 32nd regiment 
had now lost fifty-one men, not including officers, since the siege began. 

August 3rd. — A soldier of the 32nd regiment was shot dead this 
morning in the centre room of the hospital, showing how little safety 
there was anywhere from the enemy's fire. 

August 6th. — This morning a twenty-four-pounder shot carried off 




the arm of Ensign Siuddy, just as he sat down lo breakfast in the 
Residency. 

August 7ih. — A Bheli from one of the enemy's batteries burst close 
to the Residency this morning, and mortally wounded a colour- 
sergeant and an orderly -room -clerk of the 32nd regiment. 

August 9th. — Ensign Studdy (wounded on ihe 6th) died this day. 

August 10th.— Captain Power, 33nd regiment, (wounded early in 
the siege) died this day. 

August 12th. — A sortie was made by twelve men of the 32nd 
regiment, under Lieutenant Clery, in order to see what the enemy 
was doing ; but the guards of the trenches were so strong and well on 
the alert that our people had to retire without discovering any- 
thing. 

August 20th. — Captain Lowe, 32nd regiment, had a very narrow 
escape to-day ; an eight-inch shell burst close lo him and slightly 
wounded him in the hand, while it carried off the arm of a soldier 
standing beside him. 

August 31st. — A sortie was made by fifty men of the 32nd 
regiment, under Captain M'Cabe and Lieutenant Browne, of the 
33nd regiment ; they took the enemy by surprise, spiked two of 
their guns and held Johannes' house while the engineers made 
preparations for blowing it up. Two privates were wounded in this 
service, which was most successfully carried out. 

August 22nd. — By this day (the fifty-fourth of the siege) the 32nd 
Regiment had lost one hundred and one men, besides several 
officers. 

August 27th. — The property of the late Brigadier General Sir 
Henry l^wrence, k.c.b., were sold by auction to-day. Brandy 
fetched ^16 a do^en ; beer, £Jl a dozen; sherry, £^~ a dozen; 
hams, JJl lOs each ; a bottle of honey, /[4 10s. ; small cakes of 
chocolate, ^£3 to £,^ a dozen. 

September 5th. — An eighteen-pounder shot to-day passed right 
through the whole length of the hospital, which was crowded with 



APPENDIX. 293 

patients ; it slightly wounded Ensign Charlton and a private of the 
32nd who were lying there wounded, but touched no one else. 

September 10th. — At the sale to-day of the effects of an officer 
recently killed, a single bottle of brandy fetched 34s. 

September 12th. — Captain Mansfield, 32nd regiment, died on this 
day. Enormous prices offered in the garrison for all kinds of 
supplies — a small fowl was to-day purchased by a gentleman, for his 
sick wife, for j£2 ; a bottle^ of Curagoa fetched 32s.; sugar, 16s. a 
pound. The garrison has been without tobacco for six weeks now — 
since the 8th or 9th August — and had taken to smoking dried leaves 
of any kind. 

September 19th. — A new flannel shirt to-day, at an auction, fetched 
j£4: ] and five old ones brought in ;^11 4s. for the lot. A bottle of 
brandy, £2. 

September 25th. — Siege (which had lasted eighty-seven days) was 
terminated this afternoon by the arrival of Sir J. Outram's force. 
That force left Cawnpore two thousand six hundred strong, but one- 
third of the number were killed or wounded on the way, and being 
so weakened could do nothing for the relief of the Lucknow garrison. 
The rebels, therefore, renewed the siege, which then lasted to the 
22nd November, when the garrison was finally relieved by the army 
under the commander-in-chief. 

" Captain M'Cabe, 32nd regiment, was killed at the head of his 
" men, while leading his fourth sortie." — Extract from Brigadier 
Ingli^ despatch. 

All the officers of the 32nd regiment were mentioned conspicu- 
ously in the despatches. 

" I have the pleasure of bringing the splendid behaviour of the 
" soldiers of the 32nd Foot .... &c., to the notice of the 
" Government of India. The losses sustained by the 32nd show that 
" they know how to die in the cause of their countrymen. Their 
" conduct under the fire, the exposure, and the privations which they 
** had to undergo, has been throughout most admirable and praise- 
" worthy." — Extract from Brigadier Ingli^ despatch. 



294 



APPENDIX. 



NUMBER OF OFFICERS OF THE VARIOUS CORPS IX LUCKNOW 

DURING THE SIEGE, 



Shewing the strength and losses in each case. 



Artillery 
Engineers 
7th Light Cavalry 
32nd Regiment 
84th Regiment . 
13th Native Infantry 
41st Native Infantry 
48th Native Infantry 
71st Native Infantry 
Oudh Brigade 
Oudh Irregulars 
Civil Service . 
Uncovenanted Service 



Officers. 

9 
3 

10 

18 
o 

9 
10 
13 
10 
10 
21 

9 
126 



Killed 

5 

1 
6 

8 

• • • 

3 

2 

3 

3 

5 
10 

2 
22 



Wounded and 
recovered. 



2 
7 
1 
2 
3 
o 
2 

• • • 

3 

2 

14 



Not 
wounded. 

1 

2 
2 
3 
1 
4 
5 
5 
5 

«» 

«> 

8 

5 

90 



Total. 

9 
3 

10 

18 
2 

9 
10 
13 
10 
10 
21 

9 
126 



Totals . 



250 



70 



44 



136 250 



Percentage of officers present killed, 28*00 ; Ditto in 32nd Regt., 44*4 

Percentage of officers present woundeil, 17 'G ; Ditto in 32nd Regt., 38*8 

Percentage of ofilcers present not wounded, 54*4 ; Ditto in 32nd Regt., 17*0 

Percentage of officers present killed or wounded, 45*0 ; Ditto in JJ2nd Regt., 83*3 



EXTRACT 

From a report in the Standard newspaper, of 25th September, 1891, of 

the " Lucknow Dinner." 



Surgeon-General Lee, .speaking on behalf of the old 78th, now the 
Seaforth Highlanders, confirmed the statement that the regiment 
marched to Lucknow with their pipes, and said that "Jessie Brown, 
** who in her fever declared that she heard them, was the wife of a 
** corporal in the 32nd Regiment." 



7 



APPliNDlX. 



295 



EXPENSES OF A MAHINE REGIMENT IN 1702. 

(From GUlespWs HUtory of the Marine Co^rps.) 

Field and Staff Officbrs: 
Colonel, as Colouel 

Lieutenant-Colonel, as Lieutenant-ColoDel 
Major, as Major 
Chaplain 

Adjutant 

Chirurgeon 

One Mate to ditto 



One Company : 
Captain 
1st Lieutenant 
2nd Lieutenant 

2 Sergeants, each 1/6 

3 Coqwrals, „ 1/- 
59 Privates, „ 8d. 



Per diem. 


£ s. 


d. 


12 





7 





5 





6 


8 


4 





4 






2 6 







£2 5 2 






8 






4 






3 






3 






3 






1 19 4 




£3 2 4 



10 Companies, total cost per year £12,513 8s. 4d. 

Note.— In the Marine Corps, 2nd Lieutenants look the place of Ensigns. 



ESTABLISHMENT AND KATES OF PAY, 32nd REGIMENT, IN 1762. 



FiKLD AND Staff Officers: 

Colonel, as Colonel 

In lieu of his servant 

Lieutenant-Colonel, as Lieu tenant -Colonel 
Mnjor. as Maj»)r 

Chaplain ' 

Adjutant 

Quarter- Master 

In lieu of his servant 

Surget)n 

2 Mates, each 3/6 





Per diem. 




For 305 days 


8. 


d. 


£ 


s. 


d. 


£ 8. d. 


12 













2 















— 





14 







• « • 







0m 

/ 







■ * • 







5 







• • • 







6 


8 




• ■ ■ 







4 







4 
















8 










— 


— 





4 


8 




• • • 







4 







* • • 







7 








£2 12 4 £955 1 ^ 8 



296 



APPENDIX. 



ESTABLISHMENT AND RATES OF PAY, V 62— continued. 

Per diem. For 365 da] 

Oke Company: 

\^^v^#L^vLXA ••• ••• ••■ ••• •■• 

In lieu of his servant 

2 Lieutenants, each 4/- 

In lieu of their servants ... 

Ensign 

In lieu of his servant 

4 Sergeants, each 1/6 

4 Corporals, „ 1/- 

2 Drummers, „ 1/- 

100 Private men „ 8d. 



(Widows 
Colonel 
Captain 
Agent 



7 Companies more, of the same numbers and rates 
as the company above mentioned 



s. d. 


£ 


«. 


d. 


£ 


i. a. 


8 












2 

















10 









8 












1 4 

















9 


4 






3 












8 

















3 


8 






• • • 





6 









• • • 





4 









• • • 





2 









« • ■ 


3 


6 


8 








5 


1 


8 


1,855 


8 4 


• • • 





1 


4 






• « • 





1 


•2 






• • • 





1 









« • ■ 








6 







5 5 8 1,928 8 4 
36 19 8 13,498 18 4 



12 
2 



One Company of Guknadibrs : 
Captain 

In lieu of liis servant 

3 LieutonanU, each 4/- 

In lieu of their servants ... 

4 Seigeants, each 1/6 
4 CorporalH, ,, 1/- 
2 Drummers, ,, 1/- 
2Fifers, „ 1/- 

100 Private men, „ 8(1. 



Allowance to the widows, colonel, captains, and agent, 
as before 



». d. £ 8. d. 
8 
2 
10 



£ «. d. 



14 







6 







4 







2 







2 







3 6 


8 




5 4 


8 


1,910 3 4 


4 





73 



Total for the Regiment 



£50 6 4 £18,365 11 8 



THK 32XD HKinMKNT CU^^SISTED OF 10 COMPANIES IX 1775. 



1 Colonel and Captain 
1 Licut.-Col. and Captain 
1 Major and Captain 

7 Captains more. 
12 Lieutenants 

8 Ensigns 

Total 



1 Chaplain 
1 Adjutant 
1 Quarter- Master 
1 Surgeon 
1 Mate 

677. 



30 Sergeants 
30 Corporals 
20 Drummers 
2 Fifers 
560 Private men 



ROLLS OF OFFICERS 

OF 

THE 322sriD It E Ghl 3Sd: E HST T , 

From the Afonthiy Army Lists of 

1708, 1740, 1748, 1765, 1760, 1783, 1790, 1801, 1807, 1812, 
1816, 1822, 1838, 1860, 1860, 1870 ; 

And of the Ist, Snd, and Srd Battalions of the 

DUKE OF CORNWALL'S LIGHT INFANTRY, 

1881 AND 1882. 



I.: 



- 



APPENDIX. 



299 



FROM PRESENT STATE, 1708. 

Colonel Bobr's Ekqimknt. 

Jacob Borr, Esquire Colonel 

R. Cobham, Esquire Lieut. -Colonel 

Francis Foulks, Esquire Major 





ARMY 


LIST, 1740. 




Colonel 


Simon Descury 


1st Lieutenant • 


Peter Parr 


Lieut. -Colonel 


Bernard Dennet 


i» 


Hugh Farquhar 


Major - 


Sam. Stone 


)> 


John Munro 


Captain 


Mel. Guy Dickens 


>» 


Chas. Douglas 




Will. Reclndale 


tt 


John Roper 




Christ Adams 


9 


Thos. Barlow 




• John Graydon 


2nd Lieutenant • 


John Kendall 




Hugh Jones 


»> 


Chas. Bailie 




Geo. Gordon 


»« 


Sir George Suttie 




John Butler 


>> 


Peter Desbusay 


Capt. Lieut. 


• Peter Margaret t 


>> 


William Douglass 


Ist Lieutenant 


Dawney Sutton 


j» 


James Weyms 


»' 


William Bryans 


»i 


Andrew Aguew 


>> 


Knowles Kensey 


1 


John Macdonald 


»> 


Robert Graydon 


>i 


Henry Descury 



Colonel (vacant) 
Lieut. -Colonel 



REGISTER, 1748. 
32nd Regiment. 



Christ. Logard 



Major 
Agent 



Sir George Suttie 
Mr. Adair 



ARMY LIST, 1755. 



Colonel 
Lieut.-Colonel 
Major 
Captain 






Capt. Lieut. 
Lieutenant 






Francis Leighton 
Richmond Webb 
W. Taylor 
W. McDougal 
R. Murray 
Ed. Fuller 
Jas. Seton 
Archibald McNab 
John Meslin 
Henry Descury 
John Lindesay 
Robert Rogers 
Geo. T. Ridsdale 
Patrick Blake 
James Stuart 
Geo. Farquhar 
Rawlins Hillman 



M 



Ensign 



Lieutenant Hugh Powell 

Robert Farquhar 
John Wilkins 
John Kelsey 
Isaac Barrc 
Chas. Ross 
Mont. Agnew 
Humphrey Hooper 
John Bruce 
Lawrence Norcop 
Bethel Bobinson 
Reuben J. Green 
J. Harcourt Wodehouse 
David Tanqueray 
John Welkins 
John Lindesay 
Peter Mackenzie 



»» 
i» 



Chaplain 
Adjutant 
Qr.-Mr. 
Surgeon 



300 



APPENDIX. 



Colonel 
Lieut -Col. 
Major 
Captain 



ft 
ff 
11 
If 
ff 



Captb Lieut. 
Lieutenant 



ff 
ff 
ff 
fi 
ff 

!• 

ff 
ff 



Colonel 
Lieut-Colonel 
Maj(»r 
Captftin 






>> 



f» 



Capt. Lieut. 
Lieutenant 



M 

it 

If 

»> 

ff 

ff 

ff 

»f 

ff 

ff 



ARMY 

Francis Leighton 
Wai McDowall 
Jas. Seton 
Arch. McNab 
J. Meslin 
Henry Dencury 
John Quinchant 
Hans Hamilton 
Cha8. Row 
J. Kelflee 

0. Farquhar 

R. Farquhar 
Isaac Barre 
J. Nugent 
Humphrey Hopi»cr 
Milo Bagot 
Anthony Pujolas 
Will. Mackay 
Will. Ricknxan 
Lawrence Norcop 



LIST, 1760. 
' Lieutenant 



Eubigu 



»f 
>f 
ff 
ff 
ff 
ff 
If 



Chaplain 

Qr.-Mr. 

Surgeon 



ARMY LIST, 1783. 
HHli,h, Karl of Koss | Lieutenant 
J. Fletcher CanipKell 
Kdniund Straclian 
Stuart McKvan 
Kdwanl Edwards 
Fred. Booth 
Kichard Northey 
Kobert Hidden 
Hon. VcHey Knox 
Cieorge Ve«ey 

Kdward Williams 

I'M ward Brookes 

Thort. Hiflernian 

J. Chilton L. Carter 

Thos. Ga[)o 

Jenkin Lewis 

Oshorno Wilson 

Kilniund Kelly 

Tlios. Onnsby Chaplain 

Will. Butler Adjutant 

Kobert Knox Qr.-Mr. 

Anthony Lane j Surgeou 



'> 
>5 
J> 
11 

>> 

>> 

)) 

»f 



Andrew Armstrong 

W^U. Southwell 

Will Sherren 

Lewis Ray 

Geo. Barclay 

Burnet Minisie 

George Swiney 

John Atkinson 

Will. Ogilvie 

Kdmund Vero 
Henry Conlweli 
John Drake 
W. Duflfey Cane 
F. Bridges-Schaw 
Sir C. Bond, Bart. 
Alex. Burrowee Irwin 
David Tanqueray 
Humphrey Hopper 
Peter Mackenzie 



Ensign 



F. Crofton 
J. McCartney 
J. Grant Butler 
Nicholas Colthui-s^t 
Charles Adams 
Anthony Waters 
Ja.«*. O'Donuell 
S. Madden West 
Auth. Foster Tisdal 
Rich. Roberts 
Thos. Wallis 
Will. Russell 
Jas. Mansergh 
Kdw. Hoare Heeves 
W. Canijibell Healtpy 
Henry McMahon 
Foster Scott 
Halph Smith 
Kichard Freeman 
Kdward Brookes 
J. Cuthlfcrt 
W. Kennedy 



ARMY LIST, 1790. 



Colonel 


Ralpb, Earl ul Rma 


Lieutonnnt 


C. Maddiaon 


Lieut.-C,.lonel 


J. Fletcher Campbell 




J. Boland 


Major - 


Edwnrd Edwards 




J. V^iHe 


CptaiD 


Fred. Booth 
E. Williams 




n. O. ( hitter 
J. Hiot» 




R Nortliey 


E..l^' 


E. B«yne> 




K, Rid<1ell 




A. D. RoberlBon 




Hon. Veeey Kdoi 




J. Buchannan 




Anth. Lane 




RShaw 








K. E. ColiKau 


Capt.-Licul. 
Lieuteoant 


J. Chilton L. Carter 
E. Kelt; 

Thoa. Wallia 


I 


W. L. Wooldri.lge 

0. Godfrey 

Thomaa Lord Blayn^ 


]| 


F. Seott 


Chaplain 


1. Purceli 


I 




A.ljutont 


J. C. L. Cwter 


,, 


B. Bun bury 


Qr.-Mr. 


A. Wilaon 


" 


A. Ontbani 


Surgeon 


T. Taylor 













ARMY LIST. 1801. 



Cnlonel 


Ri,l|>h, Earl of Row 


Lieutenant 




Lieut-CI. 


IliL-hanl Nortliey 




John Trotter 




J. A. Stuart 




Will. Hopkinn 


Major 


W. Wetitworth Maxwell 




Peter Mcl>.>u(tal 




Sauiucl VcuableB Hiude 




J Hnvcrfield 


Captain 


W. AiigKxtuo JolinKon 




E<l. BurruuffliR 




J. W-hkI 


Eneign - 


Will. Nortliey 




J. Hick* 


■• 


E. It..unm 




J. White 




— Power 




(}. Evau« 




Will. O'DoRherty 


" 


J. Bcunct 




C. H, Strode 


\[ 


J. Prie«tley 


.. 


Rowland Dunscomhc 




C. HamM 




W. C. Bru.-c 




J. Crawlej- 




J. Soutjir 




J. Binl 




.1. Crowe 


C«pt.-I.i«it 


Itoliert C.>..tc 




J. W.kkI 
H. OorB 
A. Gore 


I,ieuteiiaiit 


— SlierRl..n 
J. lton-lBi»1 


Paymaflter 




W. Harri-on 


A,lju(a.,t 


- Wright 




J. Slinrt 


yr.-Mr. . 


J. 0-Brien 


", 


Henry RoiB-Lewin 


Awist -Surg. 


Ja».Dalwl 



^ 



302 



APPENDIX. 



ARMY LIST, 1807. 



Lieut.-Col. 


R. N. Hopkins 


Lieutenant - 


C. O'Dogherty 


It 


- 


S. V. Hinde 


»» 


C. Coleridge 


i» 


- 


Manley Power 


»> 


0. W. Paty (Party ?) 


Major 


- 


W. A. Johnson 


i> 


R. Oriel Singer 


>» 


- 


John Wood 


»» 


A. R. Blake (Adjutant) 


)t 


• 


John Hicks 


»> 


G. Eason 


ff 


- 


John Bennct 


»i 


M. Kilkelly 


Captain 


- 


Robert Coote 


y$ 


A. Disney 


i» 


- 


C. Hames 


»> 


R. DUlon 


}» 


• 


J. Rowland 


i» 


Wm. Hinde 


1) 


- 


H.W. Sherdon (Sheraton ?) 


" 


Thoa. Rose 


>» 


- 


G. W. Barr 


»» 


Chas. Wallet 


}) 


- 


N. B. Tucker 


>> 


W. H. Thornton 


)) 


- 


Jonathan Short 


f» 


R. Robinson 


n 


• 


Henry Ross-Lewin 


?» 


H. W. Brooks 


>» 


- 


H. Richardson 


>j 


H. Harrison 


i> 


- 


J. Gerrard 


Ensign 


W. J. Rea 


)f 


- 


W. H. Toole 




T. O'Neale 


/? 


- 


Wm. Gibson 


>> 


Geo. Barr 


«i 


- 


W. N. Hopkins 


>» 


Daniel Kirk 


>i 


- 


D. Gregory 


l> 


M. W. Meiglian 


>» 


- 


Dennis Hogan 


»> 


S. H. liHwrence 


>> 


- 


John Crowe 


)♦ 


W. French 


>» 


- 


Joseph Wood 


»• 


Theo. Butler 


i> 




Patk. McDougal 


M 


S. Whear 


>) 


- 


W. 0. Dogherty 


JJ 


C. Seymour 


n 


- 


Dennis 0' Kelly 


J» 


Thos. Ross-Lewin 


Lieutenant 


Arthur Molloy 




John Munton 


>> 




Wni. Grundy (Adjutant) 


1) 


John Sinclair 


M 




ThoH. Jones 


Qr.-Mr. 


J. O'Brien 


>» 




(}. Mauritzy 


j> 


— Stephens 


>» 




W. Trueman 


Surgeon 


Wm. Buchanan 


>• 




A. (irave.s 


JJ 


George Bell 


»J 




J. W. Sweet man 


A«st-Surg.- 


Dillon Jones 


JJ 




J. C. Dennis 


>j 


David Lynn 


M 




E. Whitty 


>i 


W. Waters 



APPENDIX. 



ARMY LIST, 1812. 






, a. V. Hiiiiifl 

Manloy Power 
W. A. Juhnson 
John Wood 
John Hicka 
John Bennet 
H. Richardaon 
Robert Coote 

C. Hamea 

H.W.3henlon{Shenitoii?J 
a. W. Barr 
Henry Boas-Lewin 
W. H. Toole 
Wm. Oibsin 
John Crowe 
P. HcDougHl 
O. Piireell 
Jaquea Bojie 
a. W. Paty [Party!) 
Thos. Jonea 
Thoa. CaauD 
Q. Mauritzy 
Fr*. Savnge 
M. O'c Ci>ulfiet<l 
Ed. Whitty 
W. Trucman 
Bobt Dillon 

lieutenant A. Qrayea 

J. C. DecnlB 

0«orge Httson 

Hid. Kilkelly 

Wm. Hindc 

TliiM. Hose 

Cluu< Wallet 

W H.Thonitno 

K. Robinson 

H. W. Brooka 

H. HftiriMOD (Adjutant} 

T. O'Nealo 

D. Uavies (Adjutant) 
Geo. Ban- 
Daniel Kirk 
M. U. Ueighan 
S. U. Lawrence 



Payma»(«T 
Quarter- Master 

Surgeon 
Asnat.- Surgeon 



J. H. K. Chapman 
Theo. Butler 
John Boase 
Chaa. Seymour 
Thos. Rtras Lewin 
John Hun ton 

H. ButterwurlU 
J. S. HoCuUoch 
J. R. Colthurat 
M. Dennia 
Bayle Hill 
Jas. Jarrey 
N. Sheilock 
J. Robinaon 
Geo. Brock 
ThoB. HilUx 
R. T. Belcher 
J. Fit^rald 
T. H. Turquhand 
E. Stephens 
Hen[7 Quill 
H. Newton 
A. Wood 

E. F. Roberta 
T. Honui 

R. U. Fitzgerald 
Wm. lieyUin 
T. Lawder 

F. Lloyd 
O, Sayer 
W. Blood 
Wm. Crawley 
Thos, Hart 
Jacob Dudden 
W. Stephens 
E. Cbarlei 
W, Buchanau 
George Uetl 

R. Sandford 
R. Lawder 
T. Howell 



30i APPENDIX. 

ARMY LIST, 1815, 


Culonel - A. Ckmpbell (OenerBl) 




Lt.-Col. . J. SUilhu.) 




J. Fitzgerald 


JUjor ■ John Hk-ki (Bt. Lt.-C..l.) 




T. H. Horen 


. P. Cal^Brt (Bt. Lt.-0.!.) 




K. Stephen* 


Captoiu - C. Bt-men (Bt. Major) 




H. Quill 


„ - H. Koaa-Levin (Bt. Uajor) 




J. Jagoe 


„ . W. H. Took (Bt. Major) 




a. Su*ll 


- J. Crowe 




B. R. OConnor 


„ - R. Dim.n 




H. Newton 


- H. Hftrria...! 




J. Pej-ton 


- C. WiJIetl 




J. Lucas 


- S. Caue 




J. MCouchy 


- H. W. BrookM 




H. Metcalfe i 


,. . D.Pftviea 


Ensi^i 


J. BirtwWrtle 


„ - 0. Birr 




A. Stewart 


Lieutenant M. W. Meiglian 




Q. Brown 


- S. H. UwrencE 




W. Bennett 


- Theu. Bulkr 




C. Dallas 


- John Bonse 




S. Mackay 


- T. RoM-Lewin 




F. Short 


„ - H. Butterwi.rth 




J. Morris 


- J. S. M CuUocb 


Payniaater . 


T.Hart 


., - J. R. CnlthurBt 


Adjutant - 




- Boyle Hill 


Qr-Mr. 


W. Stepheni 


• J. Jarvev 


Surgeon - 




„ - J. Robiu«m 


AMiat-Surg. 


R. Lawder 


„ - 0. Brook 




H. M'CUntock 


Agenta-MeMra. E 


opkinsnii Hod Son. 


The regiment wtui tlieii st.jled " The 


Cornwall," but the Militia Regiment of 


the county w»i at tUl liloB ciJl«l " flia 


Royal Cornwall ■■ 


Lieutenunt Br.>pk wm recruiting at Wella at this time, the only two remiiUuB , 


BtatiouJtin Cornwi.ll-H.-tniiDanJ Rtnir 


uth— being occupied by an officer of the | 


41iitand j^tli 


Ret(iifionlB iwipectivelj. 








ARMY L 


ST, 1822. 




Colonel . - Alex. CamplHjll 


Lieulcnnnt - Hector VV. B.Muum J 


Ueut.-Col. 


Hon. J. Maitla.i<l 




- J. Birtwhistle 


Major - 


J. HickB 




Alex. Stuart 




R. Dillon 




- George Moore 


Capuin' 


Henry Rou-Lewin 




- Oeo. Browne 




J. Crowe 


„ 


- Ed.Shervell 


;; 


Hugh Harriwn 
D. Da.ie» 


nixigi; 




- Stuart Hackay 

- J.O.Campbell 




(5. Elliot 






- J. Palk 




J. WiUinm 






- Otto Ive- 




R. Treultian Belcher 






■ Thoe. Calder 




Hon. R. P. Ar<len 






- A. Gray Slauka 




Mithael W. Meiglwn 






- Manley Power 




Sum. Hill Lawrence 


Payn.a*l 




- H.a Eagar 




Thi«. Hoss-Lewiii 


Adjutnnt 


Gporcp Mimro 




Jhh. Hotivrt Colthursl 


yr,-Mr. 


- W. Pe,>perel 




Jan. Rtiliinsou 


Surgeon 


- Thorna* Enltelev 




J. H. Wingfieia 


AsmBt.-Surgeon Qeo, Qriffin J 


^^ i,' - H. SlepUeDa UUvier 


J 



UFFICKltS ur THE SiSD REQIMKST, SEPTEMUKK, 183P. 



ruioDci 


Sir R. Macfarlane, Lc.h. & a.c.tc. (Qeii. 


aeth Sept, 


1837 


Liout.-C.)l„:ii.l 


Hod. J. MaitUod (ColonelJ 


26th March 


1818 


JUj,.r 


T. n. Wingfield .... 


3nt June, 


1S2S 


„ 


Julin Palt (DepOt) - ■ - 


leth April, 


1829 


CapUin . 


Huiiry Beeil (Msjor) 


2Stli July, 


1821 




J. I(irtwlii«tlc Mnjor) 


1 8th May, 


1824 




J. SwiDbum (Major, I)ep6t) . 


ISth Aug., 


1810 


" 


K. Mirkham .... 


Iflth April, 


18-^ 




a. Browne (Majur) 


loth Feb., 


1832 


[, 


ThoTHRi! Colder 


Iflth Feb., 


18S3 




John Thomaa Hill (Depot) - 


13th Feb, 


1S3S 


„ 


H. V. Brooka .... 


2!Dd May, 






J. H. Evelsgh .... 


20th Jan., 


1832 


', 


Robert BmdfutB 


27th March 


1828 


LieuUiuDt 


Tbotaas White .... 


25th Aug., 


1824 




AlBiander Oarfner ■ 


20th July, 


181S 




F.J. Oriffin 


12th June, 


1828 


"^ 


Geurge Oka (Depot PajoiMter) . 


aath June, 


1828 


,, 


E. 0. Uriadley .... 


29th Sept., 


1329 


„ 


Cuthbort A. Bainea (Dep6t} 


8th Oct., 


1830 




John Dillon (Depot) . . . 


10th Feb., 


1832 


"^ 


John Orogan .... 


20th April, 






R. Campbell (Dep6t) 


2nd Aug., 


1?33 


" 


S. B.Haye. .... 


ISth Feb., 


1836 




Thomaa Forsyth (Depot) 


22od May, 






William Caae .... 


9th Feb., 


1838 


,1 


T. n. Kelly (AdjutMt) - - . 


10th Feb., 


1838 


El 


tiK" 


J. EnileMon»y . . 
J. B. W. li]g1U .... 


18th April, 
2nd August 


1833 






WilLim Dillon .... 


13th Feb., 


1835 






S. A. IHctBon .... 


22nd May, 








Rlija Jones .... 


2nd Sept., 


1S3S 






Tliuiiiri«Jl„l,i,is(Dep6t) . 


7th Oeu, 








]■:. W l\ L.,we (Dep6l) - - 


20th May, 


1837 






Cecirge Samuel Moore . 


»th Feb., 


1SSS 


Pftjmwter 


O. Moore 


1 9th Oct., 


1S26 






eth Dec., 


1813 


A.ljut^nl - 




12th April, 


1383 


Quarter- Mwter 


Tlionuw Healey .... 


2Sth Nov., 


1S27 


SurRoon • 


W. Bampfteld . . . - 


21.t Jan., 


1813 


Auiat Surgem 


Uuucaii M'Gregor .... 


4th Jan., 


1833 






Alexander M'Origor ■ 


31«t May, 





APPENDIX 
OFFICERS OF THE SSno REGIMENT. JANUART, 1S50. 



Payinaater . 
Adjutant 
Qr.-MMtar , 



Sir John Buch&Q. tt.O. 

F Markhttin. c.b. . 

Hen. V. Brooke, c.n 

J. E. Wilmot InglU 

W. C(ue 

Jm. D. Cariuichael Smyth 

E. W. D. Lowe 

J, P. Pigotl (Depflt) 

A. L. Balfour (InBtr. ot MuAetiy) 

Cho. Tho. King 

Fred. Yard 

Wni. Bell 

a. S. Moure 

H, W, Hough , 

A. O. Brine 
, T. Maunsell 

H. J. DaviipB 

Geo. JeHrey . 

Rob. S. ColU 

Wm. Gumming 

Jaa. H. Wemjsa . 

John M<»)re 

Wm. Airde Birtwhistle 

J. Wm. BoiH«Br 

Chaa Clapeott . 

R. E. L. H. Williama 

W. Patteraon 

Hen. D. O'Callaghan 

W. Garforlh (AdjuUnl) 

B. Van Straubenzee 
Wm. Power 

A. Bassano 
Wni, Rudman 
H. Wm. 3ibley . 
J. Birtwhiatle 
Wni. Harria 

B. McCnbe . 
8. H. Lawrence . 
W. L. Ingle* . 
John He<Uey 
H. K, Druiy . 
W. J. Anderson 
J, A. Shortt 
P. J. Dunbar 
A. D. Kirkwooa 
Edui. de L. Joly 
Oco. Moore 

WuL narforth (LieuuaaDt) 
J. Oiddinga 

C. ScuU, U.D. 
Ed. Hoorhead, m.d. 
Alex. P. Cahill. M.D. 
J. Dunlop, H.D. 



. 12th June, 1! 

S2nd July, It 

. ISlhSept., If 

nrd Feb., II 

. ISthSept., II 

18th April, II 

. 23rd April, II 

IBth Dec, 1! 

. Slit Hav, II 

2ith Feb., 1! 

. SfithFeb., If 

2udJu1y, If 

. 24th May, 1^ 

lOth April, 1( 

. IStli Sept., If 

!3rd Hay, II 

. ISthFeb.. It 

18th June, It 

. 24th April, It 

3H May, If 

. 3rd AjaH, II 

3rd April, It 

, 3rd April, It 

ard April. II 

. 12th June, 1! 

23rd Sept., II 

. 14th April, 11 

10th Dec., V 

. 24th Feb., II 

;:sth FeU, II 

. 2.')th Feb., II 

24th May, 11 

. llthPeb., II 

9th Feb., 1: 

. SidSept., II 

13th Augiut, II 

. 11th Ai^, II 

. 22nd Feb., II 

21st Jan., It 

. 25lh Feb., It 

26th Feb., II 

. Isth Auguit, II 

aoth OcL, If 

. 8lh Dec.. It 

10th April. It 

. ilOlh March, II 

lath Oct., If 

. 3rd April. li 

13th Sept., It 

. SthHay, II 

2nj Auguet, U 

. 3nl April. If 

•Ird April, \i 





^^ 


^ 


.107 


OFflCEHS 


Ob- THK a2ND REGIMENT, 


JANUARY. 1860 




Colonel . 


Sir Wiiloughby Cotton, u.y.B. & 


K.C.H. 17th April, 


1S54 


LiBUt..C..luilBl . 


J. n. Carmiohael, c.H. 


. -jGthNov., 


18i7 


Major 


Wm.Bell .... 


23r.l March 


1858 




(Bravet Lieutenant-Colonel) lOth Jan., 


tSS9 . 


CapWin , 


It S. Colla .... 


20th Feb., 


lB5a 




A. fiuwuu 


. I5th0ct.. 


1856 




William RudmuQ 


16th May, 


1867 




H. PrieMley . . . 


. 3ril April, 


1857 




John BirtwhiBtle . 


2Sth June, 


1857 




W. J. Aoderaon 


. . nth Aug., 


1857 




Cliarles R. KiclieCU 


Uth Sept, 


1867 






. 2nd Oct., 


1857 




Chsrlea M. Foster . 


26th Nov., 


1867 




Edward Harmar 


. 2ard March 


1868 




R. U. M^teois . . . 


2Slh Feb., 


1S55 






. . Utb March 


1868 




H. E. Bennett 


2Bth April, 


1856 




H.S.SUhh (Adjutant) 


. Ut Aug., 


ia6B 




Jamea Strachao 


Ist July, 


1867 




Charles Edward Lane-Bluett 


. 5th Fel... 


186H 




Edmund Lakin 


5th Feb., 


1868 




Alemnder J. Bagley . 


. . 8th Jan.. 


1868 




John Qarforth 


ath Feb.. 


1858 




H. M. Oilby . . . 


. 8th Nov,, 


186B 




J.T.Gray .... 


SOth April, 


1863 






. 28lhOct., 


1865 




Qeurge Walker 


S-tb Nov., 


1867 




S. B. Nohle 


. . 23rd March 


1858 




Tioiothy Morris . . . 


fltb Aug., 


1858 




Cbarlea Q. Stanley 


. 2rith Sepl,, 


1868 




C. F. Clery .... 


3rd June, 


1S6B 


Enaign 


A. Bishnp .... 


. . 12th Feb., 


1S6S 




William T. Qimd . 


13th Feb., 


18S8 




Charles E. Le M. Cherry 


. 23ril March 


1858 




W. P. WaUhe , . . 


aiat March, 


1B5H 




H. R Haniinge 


. 14th May, 


1858 




P. A. Horridge 


2Dd July, 


1868 




David B.nid 


. . 7th Sept., 


186H 




F. N. Qolding 


29th Oct., 


1858 




Charles H. Tmeman . . 


. . 29th Oct., 


1858 


" 


H. W. M. Cathcart . . 


3ni June, 


1859 


I'ftyumiter 


JohnQiddings . 


. 28th Nov., 


1853 


Adjutant . . 




9th Aug.. 


1868 


I„«tr. »{ Mu«. 


Blmnnd Ukin (Lieutenant) 


. 27th Aug., 


1868 


Quarter-MdflWr 


F. atribling .... 


28tb Nov., 


1866 


Surgcym 


William Boyd 


. . 27th Sept, 


1858 


AiaiaL Surgeon 


W. H. Harria .... 


10th March 


1855 




W.Bradahnw(V.C.) . . 


. . 16th Aug., 


1864 



M)^ 



APPENDIX. 



r)FFrCER.S OF THK :)thn) REGrXENT, JA5rART. IS7Q. 



Colonel 

Liei]t.'Coionel 

3CAJor 

Captain 



n 

ft 

n 
rt 
rf 

M 

n 
n 
'\ 

tt 
>» 



Lieutenant 



n 

>» 



»> 






• » 

«» 
»♦ 

It 



VtxytwiHU'r 
AdjutAiit 
(Quarter iiuiHtiT 

AHHiHi.*Hurgooii 



Lord Frederick Paulet, cb. 

Hon. R X. Ward 

Alfred Ramiann .... 

Hon. R^ H. de Xontmorencj . 

W. J. Andenon 

John Edmondntimne 

„ (Brevet Major) 

^ (Lieat.-CoIoQel) 



H. S. Stabb 

C. F. Clery 

O. C. Swiney 

Charles Le M. Cherry 

John George Stopfoul 

R, 5. C. Foil . 

H. R. Harding . 

rMTitI Bond 

Fdmund Lakin 

Charles H. Traeman 

W. J. Alexander 

A. E. Havelrxrk 

J. F. Ballard 

Robert Phfllipn 

A. C. Tawke 

VV. H. Iremongfir 

J. J. Ola>»cott (Adjutant) 

F. A. Garden 

Cliart. F. A- Tunihull . 

L. V. Knolly* . 

Al>»ert Clarke 

William F. D. Cochrane . 

C.Uiin. F. N. I-.e Qiic»ne 

A. \y. Harnmann 

L. H. lieauiuont 

F. Trcvelyjiii 

A. J. M. Sillery 

L. K. C. Inglcfield . 

Ivl. G. C. Crcgoe 

C. a. Glyn 

A. S. \V(X)(\n 

('. B. Down 

K. M. Gle^'g 

.John Mahony . 

.1. J. (Hancott (Licuteuantj 

Kd. Vaugliaii 

U. ('. I^>fth(»UKf;, M.D. 

A. SandcrBon . . 



3rdAm^. ims 

I2tb June, IS69 

IStii March, ISd8 

ISdiSept., I8q'9 

Ilth Aog^ 1857 

2&d Oct., 1S57 

24th Mvch^ IS5S 

Idth March, iSti^ 

5th 5ov., 1861 

10th Jan., 1S4$<5 

15 May, ISrfi 

Itkh Oct., 1886 

2nd Oct., 1866 

]Srd Jane, lS6o 

2:2nilFeb, 18*58 

16th Sept., 1868 

12tb Jane, 1869 

25ih Sepc 1S69 

16th Jan., 1866 

18th April, 1866 

17th April, 1$66 

16th Oct., 1866 

3rd April. 1S67 

2Ut Aug., \M7 

22nd Feb., 1S6S 

21 at March, l56S 

22u«lJuIv, 1S6S 

2nd Sept., 1 S*)'^ 

UJthSept., ISoS 

2nd I)ei-., IS^S 

12th June, 18r3l> 

2r*th Sept., 1.S69 

20th Oct., lirj;^ 

UUt -\ugu8t, 1S07 

22n<l Feb., 1S6S 

21 Kt March, 1S6S 

16th Sept., I86S 

28th Oct., 1868 

2nd Dec, 186S 

20th Oct., 1869 

30th Oct., 1869 

5tli March. 1S67 

2nd Dec., 1868 

Hrd April, lSrt7 

9th .March, 1867 

12th Jan., 1859 



KICERS OF DUKE OP CORNWALL'S LIGHT INFANTRY, 
JANUARY, lB8i. 



Colonel (la 


Batt.) (jBu. Sir VViu. JoneB, K.v.u. - 


^ud Jan., 


1871 


{■ind Btttt.) Ueu. Charle* Stuart 


iOlh Juinr, 


1870 










Lieut. -Col. 


- A. f. Wurreu, v.B. .... 


4(Ji June, 


18SI 


„ 


„ (Colonel) . - . 


let Oct., 


1877 




KIBST AND aXCOKD BATTALIONS. 




Lieut. -Cul. 


- 1 Hen. Sp»rke Stabb - - • 


2Sth June, 


1681 


„ 




let Juif , 


1681 






Ut May, 


ISSO 




1 Ue-J. Claylou Hmhey 


l.t Jul}-, 


1881 




i Tlioiiiiu Jubii .... 


2flth Juif, 


1881 


Mftj<,r . 


C. E. Le M. Clicrrj- . 


-2t>lh JuDC, 


1S31 




... 


30th Jan., 


1880 


„ 


1 Jobn U. B. Stoiifurtl 


29tb June, 


1831 




... 


l8t Jan., 


1880 




1 n«vidBouJ .... 


Ut July, 


16S1 




2 Frank Grieve .... 


Ut July, 


1881 




2 JoliQ J. F. Grant 


Ut July, 


1S81 


„ 


2 Fra. He.irj A. Dumey-Koebuck - 


let July, 


1881 




1 Wm. Jm. Aleiander 


let July, 


1881 


,, 


2 Jas. Fiti K. Forster 


30tb Nov., 


1881 






let July, 


1881 


Caiitftin 


- 2 Jobn Haxnell Low ... 


2Sth Mareh 


1874 




2 H- Horatio NeB'mai. ■ ■ 


5th June, 


1S7G 


., 


2 William KarwBll 


21et July, 


1875 




H. E. C. Kilelipner (P.S.C, M.C.) 


IJtb Nov., 


1875 




1 John Faiie Ballard 


14th June, 


1878 


„ 


2 W BarriuKtoii Browne 


let Jul^ 


1876 


„ 


Hen. T. W. Allatt (P.S.C, M.C.) - 


26th July, 


1876 


„ 


1 Hobert Piii)lipi« 


31«t Jan.; 


1877 


,. 


2 John Reeves .... 


2flth Sept, 


1877 




Art. CbrietiBn Tawke - - 


29th Jan., 


1879 




1 Fra. Wm. 8. Grant 


L-lth Sept, 


1879 


_, 


- ■ 


26lh March 


1878 


„ 


1 Cba». F. A. Turnbull (SUff) . 


26th May, 


1880 


_, 


1 Albert Clarke .... 


26th May, 


1880 




1 W. F. D. Cookrane - ■ 


nth June, 


1881 


„ 


I Chaa. F. N. Le Que^ne - . 


14tb June, 


1881 


„ 


1 Arthur Wm. Kammaiu 


SSthJune, 


1881 



^^^V^ 310 


^^ 


^^^^^ Litt of Ofieer, for IBSS—fcmtituKiJ. ^^^M 


^H Lieutanuit ■ I L. B. Beauuiout [Inetr, of Mu^e 


try) - 20th Oct. 1869 


^B 1 Enittt H. Studri}' 


- 13Ui No»., 1872 


^H 


- 10th Jao^ 18~S 


^B 1 Fredk. Geo, Vigor 


2*th Sept.. 1873 


^P 


. 11th Sept., isrs 


^F 1 U. r. C<ir(}eu{lii«lr. of Uui-ketr 


) ' 13th Juue, 1874 


Arthur H. Durante*! 


- 19th June. 1374 


ChM. Erneat HeaUi 


»th August, 1S74 


2 Keith H. St. G. Voung 


. itIiDeo.. 187* 


2 John H. Vemchojlu 


13th June, 1876 


„ a J. MuDtftgu K. Edeu - 


- - 27tl.Jane, 1875 


■I H. Wesleam C.rdeo - - 


28lh August, 187S 


.. 


■ 21st Sept., 187i 


2 Oeo. Aihb; Aohby (Adjutant) 


aOtUNov., 1875 


„ 2 Woliitan Fmncio 


- 5th Jan., 1878 


- ■ - 


20ih Knr., 187S 


G. R. MMMullsn (prob.) - 


- 11th Sept., 1876 


2 Edmund J. HoUKHy 


11th Sept., 1876 


2 Fredk. Wu. St«elo ■ 


- lltbNov., 1876 


3 Hewlett C. Perkin. 


29th Nov., 1876 


a John Alet W. Falls ■ 


. 29th Kor., 1878 


1 Henry Percy Gftnielt - 


21tl August, 1878 


■ ■ " •: 


- 20th Nor., 1875 


1 Riohd. 8. Ireluid - 


2iirf Feb., 1881 


„ 2 Wm. Luog Harrey - 


- ISIhJuue. 1881 


2 Hen. Gage Morris - . 


1st July, I88I 


„ 2 Arthur Morrison 


l«July, 1881 


1 Ralph J. Wilbrnham 


1st July, 1881 


Piers R. Legh (prob.) 


- 1st July, 1881 


1 Edward J. J. Teaiu 


I»t July. 1881 


2 Cyri! G. Martyr ■ - 


. lal July, 1881 


1 Jo!m T. Bowles 


1-t July, 1881 


1 Alfred •£.. Biuiadu - 


- - latJuly, 1881 


1 C. Newmwj Erelegh - - 


IstJuJy, 1881 


1 Jba D. Vyvynn 


• latJuly, 188] 


U „ 1 Sidney Cuetaiice - 


- 22nd Oot, 1881 


W „ 2 Henry J. G. Lh^d - - 


- 22ud Oct., 1881 




a2nd Oct., 1881 


H^ % Peray Holland 


- 22nd Oct, 1881 


H 1 Wm. Geo. Halherell - - 


2iiid Oct, 1881 


H 1 Evau Fredk. Huberly 


. - 22udOct, 1881 

-1 



APPENDIX. 



311 



Paymaster 



I) 



Instr. of MuB. 



» 



Adjutant 
Qr.-Mr. 



>» 



Liti of Officers for 1883 — (eorUvfMud). 

2 T.G.Booth (Hon. Capt ) Pymstr., A.P.D. 

1 A.H. HyBlop(Ret Major) Pymstr., A.P.D. 

1 L. B. Beaumont (Lieutenant) 

2 H. P. Garden (Lieutenant) 
2 G. A. Ashby (Lieutenant) 

2 Geo. Styles 

1 John Conway .... 



25th April, 


1881 


201h June, 


1881 


10th Feb., 


1877 


11th July, 


1874 


30th Nov., 


1881 



THIRD BATTALION. 



Hun. Colonel 


Field-Marshall H.R.H. Albert Edward 
Prince of Wales, K.o., K.T., o.cb., 

K.P., G.O.B.I., Q.C.M.O., A.D.C. 


*i£8th April, 


1875 


Lieuu-Colonel - 
Major 

Captain 


Harry R. S. Trelawny - 

Sir John St. Aubyn, Bart., (Hon L.C.) 

E. St. Aubyn (Hon. L.C.) 

Hon. Chas. Eliot .... 


4th May, 
5th May, 
22nd May, 
11th Dec., 


1872 
1866 
1872 
1869 


f> 


Sir Wm. W. R. Onslow, Bart. 


9th Jan., 


1876 




>f 


Thomas E. J. Lloyd - . - - 


6th Oct., 


1877 






Hugh H, Ley . - - - 
Ernest de M. Jjacon .... 


11th March, 
26th Nov., 


1879 
1879 




> 


Edward C. Kendall 


12th March, 


1881 






George E. Blake-Aughton - 
R. A. H. Bickford Smith 


9th May, 
6th Oct., 


1881 
1881 


Lieutenant 


John Littleton - - - . 


21st May, 


1879 


• l 


Arthur A. H. Inglefield 


29th Feb., 


1872 




Wm. M. Marland . . - - 


17th Nov., 


1880 




A. S. B. Washbourn 


22nd Dec., 


1880 




Herbert R. Vy vyan . . . - 


12th March, 


1881 




Hugh J. G. Arathoon • 
Claude D. J. Carmichael - 


1st July, 
1st July, 


1881 
1881 




John G. 0. Aplin - - - - 
Edmund B. Hawker .... 


Ist July, 
16th Oct., 


1881 
1881 


M< 


larter-Master 
3d ical- Officer 


Henry Percy Uniacke - 
Thomas Chivers .... 
„ „ (temp. Q.M. in Army) 
Thomas Q. Couch (Surgeon-Major) - 


19th Nov., 
1st April, 
1st April, 
1st March, 


1881 
1877 
1878 
1873 



^^^m m 


■ 


APPEXDIX. 


^ 


m 


^^^^H OFFICERS OF. DUKE Of COKNWALLS LIUHT ISFAKTRY, J 


^^H 




JASUAKY, le9i. 






^^^^H (I 


t BhU.) 


Qbd, John Tliouias H.ll - 


&<h A|iril. 
21tU Oct., 


1S30 
1872 


^^^H 


1 Butt.) 


Gun. Charles Smajt " - . . 
Commanding 37ntl Ktiji«uMal Ditlrk 


20th June, 


1870 


^^^H CuloIK^I 




G. C. Swinoy .... 


7 th March, 


1888 1 






(Cornell - - - 


1=1 July. 


1365 


1 ^^r 


F 


HST A»U SBCnSD BAtT^LK. 


». 




Lieut. .Cul 


.Liel 2 


Williim E. Robert* (Com. Bn.) - 


3Ut July, 


1887 1 




1 


FrantiB H. A. Di-tuey- Roebuck 


1st July, 


1891 1 


Major 


2 


H. R C. KitchoueriP.8.C.) 


2<}tl< July, 


1885 




1 


W. Bftrringtun Browne - 


26th July. 
I8th Nov.. 


1885 
188i 




2 


HeuryT.' W. Altatt(P.S.C.) 
Ch«rU F. A. TurnbuU 


1st Jan.. 






■2 


SUi April, 
90t1i Juno, 


1S81 






W. F. D. Cochrane (SlaT) 


1886 








18th Feb.. 


1882 




1 


Charles F. N. Le Que«ne 


asth June. 


1886 




1 


Artliur Wm. H*muiaua 


14lh Deo., 


1887 




2 


Frederielt G. Viyor . . - . 


1st July. 


1891 


CaEit*m 




Henry 1* Canicn 


titli May. 


1883 






(Brevet llajor) - 


ISthJuue, 


188S 




1 


John H. VerMlioyle - - - 


29ih Dec., 


1883 1 






CJbo. Ashliy Aihby 


1st Jan., 


1886 ^ 






(Brevet Major] 


2ud Jan., 


1886 






WoUUn Kron-^ia - . - - 


17th Feb.. 


1888 






Eilmimd J. Hnllway 


2nd May, 


1888 






Wm, Luck Hwvey - - 


1st Jul,, 


1887 






Henry 0, Morris . - - 


nth N..V.. 


1887 , 




2 


Ralph J. Wilbraham - - . 


IJUi D«<; , 


1887 J 




2 


Edwarxi John J. Teale 


nth April, 


1888 1 






Cyril 0. Martyr .... 
C. NenDian Eeelegh (Adjuinn!.) - 


nth AugusU 188B 1 




1 


nth August, 188B ■ 






Sidney Guilance - - - . 


Hth August. 1889 1 






Henry M. Sidney ■ • • 


nth August, 1889 1 


1 , ■■ 


1 


Ruptirl Hlawftrt .... 


2Srd April, 


1800 1 


1 


Freileric H. Clmiiumn 


23nl May, 


1890 




2 


Wm. J. 8. FdrnuMou 


29th June, 


1880 J 






V. C. Oriffithi Orifflu 


14th Jan., 


1891 1 




2 


Francis M. J. D. Rluidw - - 


«h March, 

20th July, 


I89I 1 
1888 1 


LieuWi.»i 




HsroldB. Walker "... 


14th May. 


1 884 I 






Kiibert N. S. Levfin ■ 


aSrd August, 188* 1 






Bertram A. Newbuiy 


23r.1 August. 1884 1 




2 


Erue-t 8, Burder (AdjuWiil) 


7th Feb., 


1885 ■ 




1 


George Wm. T. Prowiu . 


7th Feb., 


18S5 ■ 




2 


Richard C. E. Marriott - - 


28th FeU, 


1888 ■ 






HubIi John G. L«tnbe - 


ath May, 


1888 I 






James M. A. Kennedy 


■ »th May, 


188S ■ 




1 


Cecil B. JerviB-Ed^'ardB 


2 ath Augus 


, ISSli 1 




2 




2Slh Nov., 


ib8& 1 


' 






^ 


J 



APPENDIX. 



313 



Lieutenant • 1 

1 
1 
1 

I. 

2 

1 

1 

2 

2ud Lieutenant 1 

2 

1 

2 

2 

I 
•; 

2 

] 

2 

2 
o 

Art 

- 1 

. 1 

2 



Payuiastei' 
Adjutant 



Qr.-ii 



aater 






1 
2 



List of Officers for 1892 — (continued). 

Eustace Scott Williams 

Percy Edmund Vyvyau 

John J. B. Jone^- Parry 

Sutherland H. Bradford 

Leonard P. H. Bliss 

Edgar Penrose Mark 

Ernest A. Shaker ley 

Henry A. Tremayne 

Hon. Willoughby J. H. de Montmorency 

Hon. George B. Molesworth 

Thomas L. Trethewy 

Paul B. Norris .... 

Beauchamp U. Hill 

Arthur St. C. Holbrook 

J'obert H. F. fiitandeu 

Frank L. Orman 

AlexaDiler G. W. Grant • 

John H. Mander 

Martin N. Turner 

Walter K. Buck 

Bernard S. Streeten 

Vincent F. W. Tregt-ar 

E. S. ^N'illiams (Lieutenant, acting) 

C. N. Evelegh (Captain) 

K. S. Burder ^Lieutenant) 

Geo. Stylet< .... 

„ „ (Hon. Captain) 
J. Conway (Hon. Captain) 
H. C. Hart (Hon. Lieutenant) - 



27th Jan., 188G 

30th Jan., 1886 

14th August, 1889 

4th Jan., 1890 

26th Jan., 1890 

2ard April, 1890 

23rd May, 1890 

29th June, 1890 

20th AprU, 1891 

13th .May, 1891 

23rd March, 1889 

23rd March, 1889 

9th Nov., 1889 

21st Dfc, 1889 

29th Maixli, 1890 

3rd May, 1890 

28th June 1890 

ItJthJuly, 1890 

2:{rd July, 1890 

29th Nov., 1890 

2'V.I May, 1891 

23rd May, 1891 

1st March, 1889 

•26th Jan., 1890 

nth July, 1874 

nth July, 1884 

30th Nov., 1891 

10th June, 1882 



Hon. Colonel 



Lieut.-Colonel - 
Major 

I) 
Captain 

»' 

if 
>> 

II 
It 

Lieutenant 

J) 

?i 

II 

»i 
2nd Lieutenant - 

11 
II 
11 
Inst, of Musketry 

Quarter-Master • 



THIRD BATTALION. 

Field-Mar.hal H.U.H. Albert E«lward, 
Prince of Wales, k.q., k.t., k.p., o.c.b., 
(i.c.8.1., (j.c.M.a, o.c.i.E , A.D.C. 

H..n. Chas. G. C. Eliot (Hon. Colonel) 

Thos. Edwd. J. Lloyd 

Hugh H. Ley 

Hugh C. F. Luttrell (Hon. Major) 

Henry J«'hn Greame Lloyd 

Arthur Fras. Salmon 

Gerald Marccll Conran 

John G. A. Aplin . . . . 

Hugh Molesworth St. Aubyn 

Viscount P. A. H. Valletort 

John Claude L. Tremayne 

Fitzroy D. Marshall 

J. H. T. Cornish-Bowden 

Charles E. Wyld .... 

John C. Michell .... 

Stuart J. Bevan .... 

Richard T. Vyvyan .... 

Reginald W. C. Fenton - 

Jatnes E. S. Trelawny 

Wolstan Francis (Captain and Adjutant) 

Gef>rge Styles, 

„ ,, (Hoo Captain) • 



2^th April, 1875 

29th June, 1889 

4th May, 188.*) 
10th August, 18.^9 

6th July, 1887 

22nd Oct, 18:J7 

5th Nov., 1887 

1 2th Nov., 1887 

4 th April, 1888 

22nd June, 1889 

23rd March, 1891 

6th Nov., 1886 

29lh May, 1889 

22nd June, 1889 

4th March, 1891 

4th May, 1891 

25th Jan., 1890 

9th March, 1891 

23rd March, 1891 

30th Dec., 1891 

3rd Jan, 1887 

lat April, 1882 

nth July, 1884 




THE REGIMENTAL MARCH. 
"ONE AND ALL." 

Very little information can be ascertained o( the origin ofTB? 
Regimental March " One and All. " It is slated to have been written 
by a lady residing near Bodmin, and to have been adopted by the 
regiment eariy in the year 1811. 

The Cornish arms and motto, " One and All," are supposed to have 
originated during the time of the Crusaders. The story is, that a 
Duke of Cornwall was taken prisoner by the Saracens and held to 
ransom for fifteen bezants ; on the news reaching Cornwall, the whole 
of the population subscribed. The fifteen bezanis are represented 
by fifteen balls in the shield of the Cornish arms, with the motto 
'* One and All," meaning, it is presumed, that all subscribed. 



VICTORIA CROSS ROLL. 
Bkadskaw, Surgeon William. Granted 23rd September, 
Lawkence, Rrkvet Major S. H. Granted 21st November, 
DOWLINC, Private W.* Granted 21st November, 1859. 
Browne, I. ieuten- ant-Colon el H. G. Granted 20ih June, 1862. 
Harris, Private, Granted lfi82. 



i 



• William Dowling «aa tightly slyleil in the Catholic Times, which 
his death, as a " LucUnow hero." During his lirelinie he underwent manji periU 
and endured much suffering on the batlle-field. He particularly distinguished 
himseir dutinE the Indian Mutiny. 1357-r)8. He took part in the siege of 
Mooltan. and the engagetncnis at Lucknow, Cawnpott, Beyrout, and Dinapur, 
receiving many distinctions, and the Victoria Cross foi his galtanliy al Lucknow. 
Men 9uch aa these make the history of a regiinenl. 



Jefje of J 



APPENDIX. 316 



BIOGRAPHIES OF COLONELS. 



Edward Fox (1702-4.) 
Appointed 12th February^ 1702, 

Edward Fox's first commission was dated at Windsor, ist September, 
1679, by which he was appointed lieutenant to Captain John 
Richardson, in the King's Holland Regiment,* commanded by the 
Earl of Mulgrave. 

Some twenty-three years later. Colonel Fox was appointed to raise 
and command a regiment for the Marine service. His commission 
as colonel, together with those of his field officers, were signed by 
William III. on 12th February, 1702, and were renewed by Queen 
Anne on 22nd August of the same year, at Bath. 

Granting the commissions of the other officers of Fox's Marines in 
March, 1702, was one of the first official acts of Queen Anne's reign, 
and from that date Fox's Regiment of Marines commenced its 
existence. 

Colonel Fox commanded the rear guard of the army in the retreat 
from Rota, after the Duke of Ormond's unfortunate attempt upon 
Cadiz in August, 1702, and, owing to his skilful dispositions, the 
re-embarkation of the troops was effected with little or no loss. 

He took part with his regiment in October of the same year in the 

successful capture of French men-of-war and store-ships at Vigo, and 

in the surprise of Gibraltar in August, 1704. At the commencement 

of the first defence of Gibraltar, in which British arms were employed, 

he was brigadier-general in command of the Marines; and during 

this siege he met his death, being killed in action on 9th November, 

1704. 

Jacob Borr (1704-23.) 

Appointed ^th December^ 1704, 

Major, Fox's Marines, 12th February, 1702 ; colonel, 29th October, 
1704; brigadier-general, 1st January, 1709-10. 



* Afterwards the 3rd Buffs. 



316 APPENDIX. 

From lieutenant-colonel of Fox's Marines, Jacob Borr was appointed 
to ihe command or that regiment in recognition of his gallant services 
during the defence o( Gibraltar in 1 704, ihe appointment being dated 
5th December, 1704. 

In November of this same year, owing to the deaths of senior 
officers, the command of the English troops in GibralUr devolved 
U["jn him. Contemporary writers are united and enlhusiasiic in their 
admiration ofthe gallant defender of Gibraltar and his lieutenant, and it 
is not too much to say that it is to these two men — Prince George of 
Hesie Darmstadt and Colonel Borr — that Great Britam to-day owes 
the poisession of the Rock. For eight months the siege lasted; with 
a garrison of two thousand men, soon to he reduced hy casualties to 
half that niimber, with inferior armament on battered fortiScations, 
they held the place against a besieging army of twelve thousand men 
and a formidable fleet. By their staunch soldierly qualities In the 
presence of a hostile population, and that worst of foes— internal 
dissention — they kept their worn-out troops together and enemies 
without the lines until the arrival — long deferred — of a reheving force, 
when the siege was raised. 

In 1 705 Colonel Borr proceeded to Barcelona in command of his 
regiment, but on landing he had the misfortune to kill Lieutenant- 
Colonel Rodney, of Holt's Marines, in a duel. It is not improbable 
that on this account iie look no part in the operations belore that 
town. Colonel Borr was not with his regiment at Alman/a. On 
5th June, 1706, he was appointed quarter -master-general of an 
expeditionary force, under Richard Earl Rivers, destined for a descent 
near the mouth of the Charenle. 

Brigadier-General Borr died on 8th July, 1723. 

Charles Dubourgav (1723-32.) 

Appointtd iSth June, IJ2J. 

Captain in Sir George St George's Regiment of Fool (afterwards 

17th Regiment), ist January, 1693, his first commission ; captain of , 

Grenadier company in Sir Matthew Bridge's regiment (afterwards 1 

] 17th Regiment), 14th March, 1 700-1 ; brevet lieutenant-colonel, 1 

and June, 1707; colonel, 1708; brigadier-general, nth March, 1726-27. J 



APPENDIX. 317 

Colonel Dubourgay acted as quarter-master-general under the Earl 
of Galway in Spain in 1706. In the following year he commanded, as 
a temporary measure, General Blood's regiment (afterwards 17th Foot.) 
Subsequently he was given the command of a regiment of foot, 
thirty-fourth in seniority, which was disbanded at the end of 17 12. 
In July, 1 7 15, he was appointed colonel of the 46th, one of the 
thirteen additional regiments of foot raised in that year to repress 
rebellion and threatened invasion. This regiment was disbanded in 
Ireland in 17 18. On the death of General Borr, General Dubourgay 
was selected to command the 32nd Regiment, from 21st June, 1723. 

Brigadier-General Doubourgay was employed in the diplomatic 
service in Hanover and also at the Court at Berlin,* from which he 
retired on account of ill-health in 1730. He also held the position of 
Lieutenant-Governor of Jamaica, and it was shortly after his return 
from that island that he was appointed to the command of the 32nd 
Regiment. He died on nth July, 1732, at Edinburgh. 

Thomas Paget (1732-38.) 
Appointed 28ih June, 1732, 

First commission ante, 1701 ; captain, 8th March, 1706; lieutenant- 
colonel, 8th Horse (now 7th Dragoon Guards), ist August, 17 10; 
colonel, 28th July, 1732; brigadier-general, 1739. 

Thomas Paget served for many years in the 8th Horse, and saw 
with that regiment much active service. He was subsequently 
lieutenant-colonel of the second, or Scotch Troop, of the (Horse) 
Grenadier Guards. On 28th July, 1732, he was appointed colonel of 
the 32nd Regiment, from which, on the death of General Moyle, in 
1738, he was removed to the command of the 22nd Regiment. 

It is interesting to note that General Paget was the great grand- 
father of that distinguished soldier. Field Marshal the Earl of 
Anglesea. 

He was a groom of the bed chamber to His Majesty George II., 
and Governor of the Island of Minorca. He died 28th May, 1741. 



* For some account of his services at Berlin, see Carlylc*s Friedrich II, of 
Prussia, 




APPENDrX. 

Although Colonel Paget's appointment was ante dated to 28th July, 
it was not made until December, 1732. On the death of Major- 
General Uuboufgay, Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Adolphus Oughton, Bart., 
K.B., M.P., Coldstream Guards, was nominated to succeed in the 
command of the 32nd Regiment, but the appointment ap]>ears lo hare 
been cancelled. Subsequently Sir Adolphus Oughton commanded 
the 8ih Light Dragoons (now 8lh Hussars.) 

Simon Descurv {1738-40.) 

Appointed i6th December, 173S. 

\ Descury entered the army as a lieutenant in February, 1 701- 

1702, and was appointed to command the 32nd Raiment from 

Heu ten an I -colon el, i3lh Foot, on 15th December, 1738. He died 

4th October, 1740. 

John Huske (1740-43.) 
Apfioinhd 2Sth Dtctmber, 1740. 

Ensign, ist Foot Guards, 20th .\ugust, 1707 ; captain, Coldstream 
Guards, 22nd July, 1715; second major, 301b October, 1734; first 
major and brevet colonel, 5th July, 1730 ; colonel, 32nd Regiment, 
25th December, 1740; brigadier-general, iSth February, 1741-43; 
major-general and colonel, 23rd Royal Welsh Fusiliers, aSlh July, 
1743; lieulenani-general, nth August, 1747- 

Colonel Huske was promoted, from the Coldstream Guards, to 
command the 32nd Regiment on 25th December, 1740. He served 
with distinction at ihe battle of Dettigen, on 27th June, 1743, as 
brigadier, and was severely wounded. In recognition of his services 
on that occasion, he wa.s promoted to major-general and given the 
command of the 23rd Regiment. 

On the breaking out of the rebellion in 1745, General Huske 
assisted in forming the c.imp in the North of England under the 
mand of Field Marshal Wade. He was second in command at 
ihe battle of Falkirk, on i7lh January, 1747, where, by the firm front 
he showed the rebels, he all but recovered the fight and secured the 
retreat of the Royal forces at Linlithgow. To quote the Geiterat 
Advertiser; "That composed and bold officer, M&jor-General Husk^ 



J 



APPENDIX. 319 

" with only four regiments, beat the left wing of the rebels and drove 
" them up the hill, remaining master of the field, and then retired to 
** the camp." He also distinguished himself on i6th April at the head 
of a division, at the battle of Culloden, which crushed the rebellion. 
On the partition of Scotland into military districts, he was appointed 
second in command under Lord Albemarle at Edinburgh. 

General Huske commanded the 23rd Regiment during the defence 
of Minorca against the French in 1756. He held the appointment of 
Governor of Hurst Castle in 1721, and was Governor of Jersey at the 
time of his death, which occurred on 3rd January, 1761.* 

Henry Skelton (1743-45.) 

Appointed^ 27th August^ ^743- 

First commission, captain, 23rd December, 1708; major and 
lieutenant-colonel, 3rd Foot Guards, 1739; Heutenant-colonel, April, 
1743 >t brigadier-general, 25th February, 1743-44; colonel, 32nd 
Regiment, 27th August, 1743; major-general, 1745; lieutenant- 
general, 1747. 

Henry Skelton served t^o campaigns in the Netherlands, and was 
for many years in the 3rd Foot Guards. He acted as brigadier at the 
battles of Dettingen and Fontenoy ; after the latter fight he was given 
the command of a flying column, to observe the movements of the 
French. On the death of Colonel Duroure, of wounds received at 
the battle of Fontenoy, he was removed to the command of the 
1 2th Foot. His name does not appear in official reports in connection 
with any of the battles of 1 745 ; but, when Scotland was divided into 
military districts, he commanded that having head-quarters at Perth. 
He held the position of Governor of Portsmouth, and died on 9th 
April, 1757, leaving his property to his former aide-de-camp, Captain 



* The provisions of his will are given in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1761. 
He left a considerable portion of his property to the Regimental Agent of the 
Welsh Fusiliers. 

t Cannon's 12th Foot 



Jones, 3rd Foot Guards, who had snved the life of his general dating 

the War of the Austrian Succession. 

•." Caplain Jor.es' heir look ihe name of Skelton on succeeding lo tic estate* 
in Cumberland— Bianlhwaile Hall &c. — in accordance wilh the will of General 
SktUaiu—Lmnieti Gastlie. 24lh November, 1774. 

William Douglas {1745-47.) 
Appointtd sgth May, 1743. 

First commission, cajitain, 15th May, 1709; captain, Coldstream 
Guards, gih Junu, 1720; second major, iglh December, 1740; first 
major, aytli April, 1743; colonel, 32nd Regiment, 27lh May, 1745. 

Shortly after 1715, the year in which the regiment was raised. 
Captain Douylaa joined Croft's Light Dragoons (now gih lancers), 
from which, in 1720, he was appointed to the Coldstream Guards. 
He served with distinction in the War of the Austrian Succession, 
and was given the command of the 3znd Regiment soon after 
Fontenoy. 

lu August of the same year (1745) conjointly with the Hanoverian 
general, Zaslrow, he was entrusted with the construction of entrench- 
ments along the Vilvorden Canal, behind the line of which the army 
had retired. The 32nd Regiment was one of the first to be hurried 
home on the breaking out of the rebellion in Scotland, and in the 
advance to the north, in December, Colonel Douglas was given the 
command of a brigade. He returned to the low countries in time to 
take part as brigadier in the disastrous batde of Roucoux, near Liege, 
on iilh October, 1746, and in the two days' fight at Val, or I^fTelt, 
on aolb and jist June, 1747. 

Brigadier-General Douglas died at Brabant on 5th .August, 1747, 
falling a victim to the unbealthiness ol the climate.* 

Francis Leightov (1747-73.) 
Appointed ist December, 1747. 
First commission, captain, 16th June, 1737 ; lieutenant-colonel, 
6th July, 1737 ; colonel, 32nd Regiment, isi December, 1747 



4 



* Brigadiers Price, Haughion, and Douglas died witliin a short lime of o. 
anolher, prat>ably al Breda, from efiects of climate. 



J 



APPENDIX. 321 

major-general, 5th February, 1757 ; lieutenant-general, 6th April, 
1759; general, 25th May, 1772. 

Lieutenant Colonel Leighton^s name appears in connection with the 
history of the campaign in Scotland in 1 715, where, as lieutenant- 
colonel of Blakeney's (27th Foot), he was sent from Perth to hold the 
important outpost of Castle Menzies, with a considerable force. 
From lieutenant-colonel of the 27th he was appointed to command 
the 32nd Regiment, on ist December, 1747. General Leighton died 
on 9th June, 1773. 

Robert Robinson (1773-75.) 
Appointed nth January^ ^773* 

Captain, i8th Royal Irish, 20th September, 1745 ; major, 20th Foot, 
2nd September, 1756; lieutenant-colonel, 67th Foot, 26th February, 
1758; colonel, 18th April, 1763; colonel, 32nd Foot, nth June, 

1773- 
Lieutenant-Colonel Robinson was serving in the 2nd battalion of 

the 20th Regiment in April, 1758, when it was formed into the 67th, 

from which, on nth June, 1773, ^^ was appointed to command the 

32nd Regiment. He resigned the command for the governorship of 

Pendennis Castle. Lieutenant-Colonel Robinson was for many years 

aide-de-camp to the King. 

William Amherst (1775-81.) 
Appointed i8th October^ ^775* 

Ensign, 3rd Foot Guards, 7th June, 1753; lieutenant and captain, 
2ist September, 1757; captain-lieutenant, 12th June, 1765; captain 
and lieutenant-colonel, 12th June, 1765; brevet lieutenant-colonel, 
1759; colonel, 6th August, 1766; colonel 32nd Regiment, i8th 
October, 1775; major-general, 2 9lh August, 1777; lieutenant-general, 
T9th February, 1779. 

Major-General Amherst was appointed to command the 32nd 
Regiment on i8th October, 1775. During his distinguished military 
career he held the appointments of Lieutenant-Governor of Ports- 
mouth, Governor of St. John's, Newfoundland, and adjutant-general 



at head-qunrters. Cenenl Amherst wns aide-de-camp lo ihe Kingj 
He died ijtb May, 1781. 



RAtPH, Earl of Ross (1781-1802.) 
Appointed ijth May, l?8i. 

Captain, 33rd Regiment, ante 1747. Lieutenant-colonel, ^in 
Donegal Light Infantry, ist January, 1760; colonel, gind, asth Ma]^ 
1772, Major-general, 29th August, 1777- Lieutenant-general, 20I 
November. 1782. General, 3rd May, 1796. 

Lord Ross served with much distinction in Flanders, where, as 4 
company officer of the 33rd Regiment, he fought, and lost his ri^ 
arm at Fonlenoy. After the battle of Val, or Laffelt, he was person- 
;illy thanked by the Duke of Cumberland at the head of his regimenO 
which, as a junior captain, he had brought out of action. Hd 
subsequently retired from the 33rd Regiment, presenting his compann 
to the son of Colonel Simon Descury, of the 3ind Regiment, Im 
1760 he was appointed lieutenant-colonel-commandant of the Qzrujl 
Donegal Light Infantry, a corps some nine hundred strong, which be ' 
had raised and equipped in four months, entirely at his own expense 1 
and with which he served under the Count de Lippe in Portugal. This 
regiment was disbanded at the peace of 1768. General Lord Ross 
succeeded Sir W. Augustus Pitt as commander-in-chief in Ireland. 
His portrait at page 46, is from a picture now in the possession of 
the Right Honble. the Earl Rosse, k.p. He died in iSo?. 

James Ogilvie (1802-13.) 
Appointtd 4lh Septembtr, 1802. 

Lieutenant, 4th Regiment, 20th December, 1757; captain, 3otl! 
March, 1764; major, asnd April, 1774; lieutenant-colonel, June^ 
1777 ; colonel, 20th November, 1782; major-general. 12th October,! 
1793 ; lieutenant-general, ist January, 1798 ; colonel, 89th Regimenl^ 
z8ih March, i8oi; colonel, 3Jnd Regiment, 4th September, iSozj 
general, 23rd September, 1803. 

Major-General Ogilvie was appointed lo command the 320^ 
Regiment from the colonelcy of the Sgth Regiment. Until he \ 



A 



APPENDIX. 323 

promoted into the laller regiment he had served only in the 4th King's 
Own. He saw much service in North America. In August, 1776, 
he commanded his regiment at the capture of Long Island, and also 
in the actions of Chad's Ford, Gernianstown, and White Marsh, in 
1777. As brigadier-general in 1793 he commanded the expeditionary 
force despatched to capture Miquelon and St. Pierre, but the 
(Jovernor of these islands surrendered to him at discretion.* 

General Ogilvie died in London on 14th February, 1S13, in his 
seventy-third year. 

Alexander Campbk.i.i. (1813-3^.) 
Appointed i$th February, 1813. 

F^nsign, 42nd Regiment, April, 1769: lieutenant, 2nd hatlalion 
Royals, 1770; caplain, 5olh Regiment, August, 1772; transferred to 
6ind Regiment in September, 1772 ; major, 74th Regiment, 1777 ; 
lieutenant-colonel, 62nd Regiment, 31st December, 1782; colonel, 
3rd Foot Guards, lalh October, 1793 ; major-general, 26th February, 
1795; colonel, 7th West India Regiment, loth November, 1796; 
lieutenant-general, 29th April, tSoi ; colonel, r 3th Foot, nth July, 
1804; general, rst January, iSra; colonel, 32nd Regiment, 15th 
February, 1813. 

Alexander Camp'jell joined the 4ind Regiment in Ireland, and was 
shortly afterwards promoted in the Royals at Minorca. He obtained 
a company in the 50th Regiment, which he never joined, being 
transferred to the 62nd Regiment. This regiment he joined in Ireland, 
and embarked with it for Canada, where he served as captain of light 
infantry under General Carlelon, in the campaigns of 1776, and of 
1777 under General Burgoyne. After the surrender of the army at 
Sarratoga, in the end of the year 1777, having procured a majority m 
the 74th Regiment and an exchange from the Americans, he was 
appointed to serve as major in the ist battalion of Light Infantry at 
New York. In this capacity he served two campaigns, and at the 
end of the war commanded at Penobscot. He obtained a lieuienant- 



• Vide Brigsdier- General Ogilvie's despalch lo Ihe Right Hon. Henry Uundas, 
Uiidon Gazelle, Znd July, 1793. 



coloneky in th« 6itnd in 1782, and remained with ihai legiuieui ia 
ScottanrJ and tr^nd until 1789, when be exchanged into the jrd 
Ou»t<h, in which he served as captain or light infintij, ibe campaigB 
of 179.1 and pan of 1794. under Ihe Duke ol York ; but havioe got 
ibe rank of coIoneE, in 1793, and having raised the iifith in 1790, be 
served, first as brigadier-general, and afterwards as major-general, oa 
the staff of what was called [y^td Morra's ^nny. He sened in ibt; 
West Indies under Sir Ralph Abercromby, in 1796, and th«a« was 
given Ihe rommand of the 7th West India Regiment He served oa 
Ihe staff at Newcastle; in 1 797 ; in Ireland, in 1 79S, and subsequently 
in Scotland ; and as lieutenant-general again in Ireland and Scotland. 
He was appointed colonel of the 13th Foot in 1S04. and colonel of 
the 33nd Regiment 15th February, 1813. He died February, 1832. 



Sir Sauitel Vp,NABtEs Hi\de, k.cb, {1831-37.) 
Appointed 38th February, iSj2. 

Ensign, 35th Regiment, 34th January, 178$; lieutenant, astfa 
Regiment, 38th March, 1793; captain, 35ih Regiment, 3rd April, 
179S; brevet major, 35ih Regiment, 6th July, 1797; major, 3xnd 
Re)(iment, 5lh November, 1800; brevet lieutenant-colonel, agth 
April, i8q3 : lieutenant-colonel, 33nd Regiment, isl April, 1804; 
brevet colonel, 4th June, 1811 ; major-general, 41 b June, 1814; 
lieutenant-general, i3nd July, 1830; colonel, 32nd Regiment, zttih 
February, 1833. 

Sir S. V. Hinde, k.cb— the son of Robert Hinde, of Hunsdon, 
Herts, like many other linesmen of his generation, received his 
education at Ihe Koyal Military Academy, and through the tnsinimen- 
laliiy of the Master-General of Ordnance (the Duke of Richmond) 
obuined a rommission in the isth Regiment. Whilst serving on 
Marine duty in the fleet in the Mediterranean, he took part in the 
capture and subsequent evacuation of Toulon, and aftemards at the 
reduction and occupation of Corsica. In 1797, when on board 
H.M.S. Sf. George^ Captain Hinde was instrumental in suppressing a 
mutiny among the ships company, which was on the point of breaking 
out, for which service he received the special thanks of Admiral I<ord 



APPENDIX. 325 

St. Vincent, and was rewarded with a brevet majority. In 1799 
Major Hinde served in Holland, and was wounded at the battle of 
Alkmaar. In 1804 he commanded the experimental light battalions 
formed of the light companies of certain line and militia regiments at 
the Curragh. He embarked in command of the 32nd Regiment, in 
1807, and took part in the expeditions to Copenhagen and the 
capture of the Danish fleet. He commanded the battalion in Sir 
Brent Spencer's expedition in 1808, and in the retreat to and battle 
of Corunna, in the VValcheren expedition, arid proceeded with it to 
Spain in 181 1, when Major-General Bowes was killed in action before 
the forts of Salamanca. Colonel Hinde succeeded to that officer's 
brigade, which he commanded at the battle of Salamanca and at the 
siege of and retreat from Burgos. In 1813 he commanded the 2nd 
brigade ot the 6th Division in the advance into Spain, and being in 
rear of the army after the battle of Vittoria, prevented the recapture 
of that city by General Clausel. He also commanded the same 
brigade at the investment of Pampeluna and in the battle of the 
Pyrenees. Being relieved by Major-General Lambert, he reverted to 
the command of the 32nd Regiment, and on 7th October he received 
a wound, which compelled him to return to England. He died at 
Hitchin, on 20th September, 1837, and was buried in the parish 
church, where there is a monumental inscription to his memory. 

*,* There is a tradition in Hertfordshire to the effect that a member of the 
ilinde family— one of Marlborough's soldiers — furnished Sterne with a model for 
his '* Uncle Toby.*' Cas!>an, however, in his History of Hertfordshire^ puts this 
story in a aomewhat different light. 

Sir Robert Macfarlane, k.c.b., g.c.h. (1837-43.) 
Appointed 26th September^ iSjy, 

Ensign, 59th Regiment, 26ih May, 1789; heutenant, 59th 
Regiment, 26th May, 1793; captain, 59th Regiment, 25th September, 
1793; major, if 3th Regiment, 12th November, 1794; lieutenant- 
colonel, ii3ih Regiment, 19th December, 1794; lieutenant-colonel, 
72nd Regiment, 13th September, 1798; colonel, ist January, 1800; 
major-general, 25th April, 1808 ; lieutenant-general, 4th January', 181 3 ; 



32f APPKNUIX. 

colonel, 96th Regiment, 1816; general, i6lh Julj-, 1830; colonel, 
3and Regiment, 26th September, 1837. 

Sir Robert Macfarlane entered the Army in 1789 as an ensign, and 
was in 1794 appointed major in the newly raised it3ih Regiment 
(the Loyal Londonderry). When the regiment was disbanded, he was 
transferred to the 72nd. He held a brigade command in the 
expedition to Copenhagen in 1S07, and his name was included in the 
vote of thanks from Parliament. He was second in command at 
Sicily, under Lord WiUiSin Bentinck. After the capture of Genoa, in 
1814, he commanded there, and at Marseilles, until the British troops 
were finally withdrawn in 1816. He was a member of the Consolidated 
Board of General Officers, and Grand Cross of the Neapolitan Order 
of St. Ferdinand and Merit. He died in London, 1843, aged 
seventy-three. 

Sir John Buchan. k.c.h. {1843-50.) 

Appointed 12th June, 1843. 

Ensign, Scotch Brigade (94th Regiment), 29th July, 1795; 
lieutenant, Scotch Brigade, 21st October, 1795 ; captain, 2nd Ceylon 

Regiment, isth March, 1802; major, and Ceylon Regiment, 30th 
June, 1804 ; lieutenant-colonel, 4lh West India Regiment, jolh March, 
1809; colonel, i2th August, 1819: major-general, 22nd July, 1830; 
colonel, 9Sth Regiment, 1838; lieutenant-general, 23rd November, 
1S41 , colonel, 32nd Regiment, iith January, 1S43. 

Sir John Buchan was actively employed in the Mysore War, and 
was present at the battle of Mallavelly, and at the assault of 
Seringapatam. In 1800 and i8oi he was employed with the flank 
comp.inies of the Scotch Brigade {the old 941b Regiment) in the 
operations against the Southern Pohgars, on which occasion he 
relinquished a staff appointment to join his company in the field. 
He was promoted captain in the 2nd Ceylon Regiment, formed in 
1802 out of a part of the Dutch Native Infantry taken into British pay 
on the transfer of that island, and held different detached commands 
in Ceylon during the Kandian War. In 1S09 he was appointed 
lieutenant-colonel of the 4th West India Regiment, and held a 



APPENDIX. 32* 

command at the attack and capture of Quadaloupe. Subsequently 
he was appointed to the command of the 7th Portuguese Regiment, 
and was present at the battles of Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, 
Orthes, and Toulouse. Sir John Buchan received the medal for 
Quadaloupe, and a cross and one clasp for the Peninsular campaign. 
In 1838 he was given the command of the 95th Regiment, being 
transferred to the 32nd Regiment in 1843. He died in Ix)ndon in 
1850. 

Sir Richard Armstrong, k.c.b. (1850-54.) 
Appointed 2^th June, 18^0. 

Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 23rd June, 1796; lieutenant, 5th November, 
1799 ; captain, 9th Battalion of Reserve, 9th July, 1803 ; major, 97lh 
Foot, 30th May, 181 1 ; lieutenant-colonel, 26ih August, 1813; 
colonel, 22nd July, 1830; major-general, 23rd November, 1841 ; 
lieutenant-general, nth November, 185 1. Colonel, 32nd Regiment, 
25th June, 1850. 

Sir Richard Armstrong was the only son of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Armstrong, of Lincoln, attached to the Portuguese Army. Served in 
the Peninsula from August, 1808, to the end of that war in 1814, 
including the capture of Oporto, battle of Busaco, actions at Pombal 
and Reeinha, defence of Alba de Tormes, battles of Vittoria, the 
Pyrenees (severely wounded through the arm), and Toulouse, besides 
a great many minor actions and skirmishes. He continued in the 
service of Portugal for six years after the conclusion of the war. As 
brigadier he took part in the campaigns of 1825 and 1826 in Burmah, 
and was present at the storming and capture of the stockades near 
Prome, on ist and 5th December, 1825. He served on the staff in 
Canada as major-general. In 1851 he was appointed Commander-in- 
Chief in Madras, but shortly after taking up his duties in India, he 
resigned his command owing to impaired health. He died 3rd March, 
1854, aged seventy-two, on the homeward voyage. He received the 
gold medal and two clasps for the battles of Busaco, Vittoria, and the 
Pyrenees, and the silver war medal with one clasp for Toulouse. 
Besides his British decorations he was a Knight Commander of the 
Portuguese Order of the Tower and Sword and of St. Bento d*Avis. 



328 APPENDIX. 

Sir WiLLOur.HBY Cotton, i;.c.b., g c.h., &c. (1854-60.) 

Appointed ijth April, ^^54- 

Ensign, 3rd Guards, 31st October, 1798 : lieutenant and captain, 
35th November, 1799; captain and lieutenani-colonel, lzl\^ June, 
i8ri ; colonel, 25th July, 1821 ; major-general, 22nd July, 1830 ; 
lieutenant-general, 23rd November, 1841 ; general, 201 h June, 1854; 
colonel, 33nd Regiment, i7ih April, 1854. 

Sir VV. Cotton, the only son ot Admiral Cotton, was bom in r 783, 
and was educated at Rugby, served with the 3rd Guards on the 
expedition to Hanover, m 1805 ; and on that to Copenhagen in 1807, 
where he was appointed deputy assistant-adjutant-general to die 
reserve under Sir A. Wellesley, and was present at the battle 
of Kioge. In 1809 he accompanied Sir A. Wellesley to Spain, and 
served as deputy assistant-adjutant-general to the bght division dunn" 
the whole of the campaign of the retreat to Torres Vednis and the 
subsequent advance, the former containing a series of skirmishes, and 
the battle of the Coi. Returned to Kngland on promotion in iSi i, 
and rejoined the Peninsular army in 1813. He was present at the 
battle of \'ittoria, counnanded the li^'ht com['aniej> at th.c [;as>agc of 
the Adoijr, an^i the i>:r kets of the rsecond brij^ade of j^uards at the 
repuUe of the ->ortie troiii H.ivor.ne. He commanded a diviSi*jn of 
Sir Arc hiDalrl Campbell -s ariiu in the Burmese war, and there became 
arquainted witii Havelock, who was afterwards his aide-de-camp. He 
was aj^pomted to the command of thtj ist Division of the Bengal 
Army in the Afghan war in 1838-39, under Sir Henry Fane, and 
afterwards under J/>rd Keane in Afghanistan, and was present at the 
assault and raf>turc of (ihuznce on 23rd July, 1839, at which he 
rornrnanrU'd the reserve which entered the city after the storming 
party h.ul cstabHshed themselves in^>ide. His name was most honour- 
ably incntir)ne(l in the desjKUches of Sir John Keane, and those of 
the (iovrrnor-(icneral, Lord Auckland. In October, 1839, he 
relirHjuishrd the coinm.m'l (;f the Bengal forces, then encami)ed near 
(.,'abul, to assume the command within the Bengal and Agra 
prcsidi nc ics. Sir Willoughby was commander-in-chief at Bombay 
ftoin I<^|7 In 1850, and was second member of council in that 



APPENDIX. 329 

presidency. For his services he had received the order of the Bath 
of all grades, being nominated a Grand Cross of that order in 1840. 
He was made a Knight Comniander of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic 
Order in 1830, and had conferred on him the order of the Doranee 
empire of the first class at Cabul in September, 1839. The colonelcy 
of the 98th Foot was given to him in 1839, from which he was 
removed to the 32nd Regiment in 1854. He was groom of the bed- 
chamber to H.R.H. the Duke of Gloucester. Sir VV. Cotton died 
4th May, 1862, aged seventy-six. 

Sir John Eardlev Wilmot Inglis, k.cb. (1860-62.) 

Appointed ^th May^ i860. 

Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 2nd August, 1838; lieutenant, 19th 
January, 1839 ; captain, 29th September, 1843 ; major, 25th February, 
1848; brevet lieutenant-colonel, 7th June, 1849; lieutenant-colonel, 
20th February, 1855; colonel, 5th June, 1855; major-general, 26th 
November, 1857 ; colonel, 32nd Regiment, 5th May, i860. 

Sir John Inglis (son 01 the Right Rev. John Inglis, d.d.. Bishop of 
Nova Scotia) joind the 32nd Regiment in 1833, and it is not a little 
remarkable that he served in every grade, " one and all," from ensign to 
full colonel in that regiment. He served in Canada, during the rebellion 
in 1837, and was present in the actions of St. Denis and St. Eustache; 
also in the Punjaub campaign of 1848-49, and was present at the first 
and second siege operations before Mooltan, including the attack on 
the enemy*s position in front of the advanced trenches on the 12th 
September, where, after the death of Lieutenant-Colonel Pattoun, he 
succeeded to the command of the right column of^attack ; commanded 
the 32nd at the action of Soorjkoond ; and was also present at the 
storm and capture of the city and surrender of the fortress of Mooltan, 
surrender of the fort and garrison of Cheniote, and battle of Goojerat, 
for which services he received the brevet rank of lieutenant-colonel 
(medal with clasps). Was promoted to the rank of major-general and 
nominated a K.CB. "for his enduring fortitude and persevering 
** gallantry in defence of the Residency of Lucknow,* for eighty-seven 



* Lady Inglis, who was with her husband during the siege, subsequently 
received the decoration of the Crown of India. 



330 



"days, against an overwhelming force of the enemy." In 1862 be 
held the command of the troops in the Innian Islands, and on 27th 
September of the same year he died at Homburg, aged forty-seven, 
his health having been ad'ected by the lonjj anxiety and desperate 
privations of the defence of Lucknow, 



Henry, Viscount Melville, c.cb. 
Appointed lyih October, iHdi. 

Ensign and lieutenant, Coldstream Guards, iSth November. 1819; 
lieutenant and captain, Coldstream Guards, 1st April, 1820 ; major, 
unatUched, nth July, 1826; lieuienant-colonel, S^rd Regiment, 
3rd December, 1829; colonel, 28th November, 1841 ; major-general, 
aoth June, 1854; lieutenant-general, 5th May, 1S60; colonel, looih 
Regiment, 2zndjune, 1858; colonel, 32nd Regiment, i7ih October, 
1862; colonel-commandant, 60th Foot, 5th May, 1863; general, ist 
January, 1868. 

Henry Dundas, the eldest son of Robert Viscount Melville, k,t,, 
was born nn 25lh February, 1801. Having served some years in the 
Coldstream Guards, he commanded the 83rd Regiment during the 
suppression of the insurrection in Lower Canada in 1837, and also in 
repealing the attacks of the American brigands, who landed near 
Prescott, in Upper Canada, 183S. He commanded the Bombay 
column of the army throughout the Punjaub campaign of 1S48-49, 
and was present at the siege and slorm of the town and capture of the 
citadel of Moolian, the battle of Goojerat, and subsequent operations. 
For his "indefatigable zeal and e.Kertions" in that campaign he 
received the Order of the Bath and the thanks of Parliament. Lord 
Melville commanded the forces in Scotland in 1856, became 
Governor of Edinburgh Castle in i860, and was also vice-president 
of the Council of the Royal Archers of Scotland. In 1863 be 
was appointed colonel-commandant of thu 6oth Rifles. Lord 
Melville died at Melville Castle, near Edinburgh, ist February, 
1876. He was aide-decamp to William IV. and Her Majesty the 



Que. 



i 



appendix. 331 

Right Hon. Sir George Brown, g.c.b, k.h. (1863-65.) 

Appointed ist Aprils 1863, 

Ensign, 43rcl Regiment, 23rd January, 1806; lieutenant, 8th 
September, 1806: captain, 3rd Garrison Battalion, 20th June, 181 1 ; 
major, 85th Regiment, 26lh May, 1814; lieutenant-colonel, 29th 
September, 1814; colonel, 6th May, 1831 ; major-general, 23rd 
November, 1841 ; lieutenant-general, nth November, 1851 ; general, 
7th September, 1855; colonel, 32nd Regiment, ist April, 1863; 
colonel-in-chief. Rifle Brigade, i8lh April, 1863. 

Sir George Brown, the third son of George Brown, Provost of 
Elgin, was born at Linkwood, near Elgin, on 3rd July, 1790. He 
was educated at Elgin Academy, and at the age of sixteen obtained 
an ensigncy in the 43rd Regiment. He served at the siege and 
capture of Copenhagen in 1807; in the Peninsula, from August, 
1808, to July, 181 1, and again from July, 1831, to May, 1814, during 
which periods he was present at the following engagements : The 
battle of Vimiera, passage of the Douro and capture of Oporto, with 
the previous and subsequent actions ; the battle of Talavera, where he 
was severely wounded in both thighs ; action of the light division at 
the bridge of Almeida, battle of Busaco, the different actions during 
the retreat of the French army from Portugal, action of Sabugal, 
battle of Fuentes d'Onor, siege of San Sebastian, battles of Nivelle 
and Nive, and the investment of Bayonnc. He served afterwards in 
the American war, and was present at the battle of Bladensburg and 
the capture of Washington. He was slightly wounded, and so 
severely at Bladensburg, that his life was despaired of. He received 
the war medal with seven clasps. In 1824 Lieutenant-Colonel Brown 
exchanged from the 59th Regiment to the Rifle Brigade. In 1850 
he was deputy assistant-adjutant-general and deputy adjutant-general 
under Lord Hill, subsequently adjutant-general under the Duke of 
Wellington. Lieutenant-General Brown commanded the light division 
throughout the Crimean campaign, and was present at the battles of 
the Alma, where his horse was shot under him. Balaclava, Inkerman, 
in which battle he was severely wounded (shot through the arm), and 
at the siege of Sebastopol (medal and four clasps, G.C.B., Grand Cross 



I ! 
I 

.1 

i! 



332 APPEWDIX. 



r ! 



of the r^on of Honour, first class of the Medjidie, Sardinian^ and 
Turkish medals). In i860 he was appointed to command the forces 
j in Ireland, and on i8th April, 1863, colonel-in-chief of the Rifle 

Brigade. He died on 27th August, 1865, aged seventy-five, at Link- 
wood, where he was born. 

Sir (jtorj^c Brown was a soldier of the Wellington School, and 
consequently a strict disciplinarian. His manner was thought by some 
to b: too abrupt and peremptory, and he was by no means a popular 
character whilst he held ottice at the Horse Guards ; but those who 
knew him intimately were aware that much of this roughness was 
merely assumed under the idea of supporting discipline.* 

William Grorgk (ioLD (1865-67.) 
Appointed 2dtk August^ iS6j. 

2nd lieutenant, 7th April, 1825; lieutenant, 53rd Regiment, 26th 
June, 1828; captain, 53rd Rej^iment, 29tii June, 1832; major, 53rd 
Regiment, loth February, 1843; lieutenant-colonel, 53rd Regiment, 
26th July, 1844; colonel, 20th June, 1854; major-general, 17th 
October, 1859; colonel, 32nd Regiment, 28th August, 1865. 

Mcijor-(ieneral Gold .^er\cd, as lieutcnant-colonel ot* the 53rd 
kcj^iincnt Ml the (ainpai^n on the Sutlej. mcludmg the aliair of 
iJuddiwal and the battles of .Miwal and Sobraon, where he was 
wounded. He foinniarided \\\^ regiment during the bubsetjucnt 
o[>crations, r«;(('iviiig the war medal and cla^p. 

Sik Gi:okc,h \\\.\.\., K.c.i;. (1867-68.) 

Appointed 2nd February^ i86j. 

lOnsi^?], 34ih Rt>;im(iu, 141!) March, 181 1: lieutenant, 34th and 
45lh I<e<;iincnls, 17th I'ebruary, 1X14 : caj)tain, ist Royals, 7th 
August, 1828; brevet majoi, i^t Royals, 201I1 March, 1839; major, 
ist Royals, i.jlh July, i«S43; lieutenant-colonel, ist Royals, 5ih 
|)e<enil>er, i«^|3; (olonel, 201 h June, 1854; major-general, 4th 



* I'lir a jli.ir.iclcii-^lic ancjclolo <»1 Sir (1. iJiown, sco (j^nticnien's Mdi^azinej 
Soplcnihcr, ISIm. 



APPENDIX. 333 

April, 1859; colonel, 104th Regiment, 23rd October, 1863; colonel, 
32nd Regiment, 2nd February, 1867. 

George Bell was appointed by the Duke of York to the 34th 
Regiment, and accompanied F. M. Lord Strafford soon after to the 
Peninsula, where he served from July, 181 1, to the end of the war in 
1 814, and was engaged in the action of Arroyo de Molino, under the 
command of General Hill ; the last siege of Badajoz ; the capture of 
Fort Napoleon and bridge at Almaraz; retreat from Burgos and 
Madrid : battles of Vittoria, the Pyrenees ; pass of Maya, and 
Roncesvalles ; actions of the 30th and 31st July, 181 3, against 
D'Erlon's corps, in the mountains near Pampluna; battles of the 
Nivelle, Nive, Bayonne, St. Pierre (contusion of the head), Orthes, 
Tarbes, and Toulouse (slightly wounded) ; and with many other 
affairs and skirmishes. 

He afterwards served in Ceylon and in the East Indies, in the 
Burmese war, and in the West Indies. He was stationed with his 
regiment for seven years in Canada, and was actively employed 
during the rebellion in Canada in 1837-38, particularly in the capture 
of St. Charles and St. Eustache. He commanded the fort and 
garrison of Coteau-du-lac, an important position on the river 
St. Lawrence, and received the thanks of the commander of the 
forces and the brevet of major for his exertions in recovering the 
guns of the fort and shot, which had been sunk by the rebels in the 
river. The guns were twenty-four-pounders, sixteen of which — and 
four thousand shot — he brought to the surface, in the depth of a 
Canadian winter, and unspiked and mounted the guns when their 
recovery was reported impracticable. 

He served in the Crimea in 1854-55, and commanded the ist 
Royals in the battles of Alma and Inkerman, and the siege of 
Sevastopol, where he was wounded ; he subsequently commanded a 
brigade. Mentioned in despatches, C.B., Knight of the Legion of 
Honour, and fourth class Medjidie. 

Having seen much service in the 34th and 45th Regiments, he 
served thirty consecutive years in the ist Royals. After commanding 
that regiment for eleven years he was appointed colonel and inspect- 
ing field officer for the Northern district. 




^ 



Coloti(.-l Bell was given the comraand of the 104th Bengal Fusiliers, 
Irom which he was removed to the jind Regiment, on 2nd February, 
1867. 

Under the title of Rough Notes by an old Soldier, he published the 
history of his military career ; this autobiography contains his portrait 
and many interesting reminiscences of the campaigns in which he 
took part. 

IX)BD FREDERtCK PaULET, C.B. (1868-7J.) 

Appointed 3rd August, 1868. 

Ensign and lieutenant, Coldstream Guards, nth June, 1826; 
lieutenant and captain, 2 ist September, 1830 : captain and lieutenant- 
colonel, 3th M.iy, 1846; colonel, aoth June, 1854; major, aoth 
February, 1855; lieutenant-colonel, 26th October, 1858; major- 
general, 13th December, i860 ; lieutenant-general, i ith February, 
1870; colonel, 32nd Fgot, 3rd August, 1S68. 

Lord Frederick Paulet, the youngest son of Charles, thirteenth 
Marquis of Winchester, was born May rzth, 1810, and at an early 
2%^ entered the Coldstream Guards, as ensign. He served in the 
Crimean campaign of 1854, and up to 26th May, 1855, with that 
regiment, including the battles of Alma (where he had a horse shot 
under him), Balaclava, and Inkerman, and the siege of Sevaslo|Jo!. 
He served on the slalT in North America, having commanded the 
Brigade of Guards sent to that country in 1861. Lord Frederick 
Paulet was equerry and comptroller to H.R.H. the Duchess of 
Cambridge, He died on ist Januarj-, 1871, aged sixty. 





APPENDIX. 335 



THE DUKE OF CORNWALUS LIGHT INFANTRY. 



Sir William Jones, k.cb. (1871-90.) 
Appointed 2nd January^ i8ji. 

Already colonel of the 32nd Regiment. Became colonel of the ist 

battalion Duke of CornwaWs Light Infantry on the formation 

of the Territorial Regiment in August^ 1881, 

Ensign, 6ist Regiment, loth April, 1825; lieutenant, 12th 
December, 1826; captain, 24th November, 1835; niajor, 26th July, 
1844; lieutenant-colonel, 29th December, 1848; colonel, 28th 
November, 1854; major-general, ist April, 1863; lieutenant-general, 
31st December, 1871 ; general, 1st October, 1877. Colonel, 32nd 
Foot, 2nd January, 1871. 

Sir William Jones was the son of William Jones, of Glan Helen, 
Co. Carnarvon. He was educated at Sandhurst, and saw all his 
regimental service in the 6 ist Foot. Served through the Punjaub 
campaign of 1848-49, was present at the passage of the Chenab, 
and in the battles of Sadoolapore and Chillianwallah ; after which 
he commanded the regiment at the battle of Goojerat ; he also 
commanded a portion of Sir Walter Gilbert's field force, consist- 
ing of a troop of Bengal Horse Artillery, and the 6 ist Regiment 
in pursuit of the enemy to the Khyber pass in March, 1849 (medal 
with two clasps, and C.B.). Commanded, as brigadier, the 3rd infantry 
brigade at the siege of Delhi, in 1857, and repulse of the sortie of the 
9th July; commanded the 2nd column at the assault on the 14th 
September, during which the command of the ist column devolved 
on him, on the fall of General Nicholson, and he continued in 
command of the both columns during the six days' fighting within the 
city, until its final capture on the 20th September (mentioned in 
despatches, medal with clasp, reward for distinguished services, 1858, 
and K.CB.) He died at Dublin, 8th April, 1890, aged eighty-two. 



^Iri 



336 appendix. 

Charles Stuart (1870-92). 

Appointed 20ih June^ 1870, 

Already colonel of the 46th Regiment. Became colonel of the 2nd 
battalion Duke of CornwalPs Light Infantry on the formation 
of the Territorial Regiment in August^ 18S1, 

Ensign, 46th Regiment, 30th December, 1826; lieutenant, 31st 
December, 1828; lieutenant and captain, 26th July, 1832; captain 
and lieutenant-colonel, 15th April, 1845; colonel, 20th June, 1854; 
major-general, 28th January, i860 ; lieutenant-general, ist May, 
1868; general, 29th May, 1875. Colonel 46th Foot, 20th June, 
1870. 

John Thomas Hill. 

Appointed colonel isi battalion 8th Aprils i8go, and became colonel of 

the three battalions^ September^ i8g2. 

Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 13th March, 1827 ; lieutenant, 19th April, 
1829; captain, 13th Februiry, 1835: major, 12th March, 1841 ; 
lieutenant-colonel, 21st Regiment 3rd April, 1846; colonel, 20th 
June, 1854; major-general, 30th July, i860 ; lieutenant-general, 
14th June, 1869. Colonel 75th Foot, 24th October, 1872. 
Colonel I St battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 8th April, 
1890. Colonel Duke of Cornwall's Light Infiintry, Se[)tember, 1892. 



APPENDIX. 337 



MEMOIRS OF OFFICERS. 



Major Felix Calvert, 

Major Felix Calvert was born 1790. He was the eldest son of 
Nicholson Calvert, of Hunedon, M.P., Herts. Served, as major of 
32nd Regiment, at Waterloo, where he had three horses shot under 
him. Promoted lieutenant-colonel, 15th July, 1815. 

Major Henry Ross-Lewin. 

Henry, the eldest son of George Ross-Lewin, formerly of the 14th 
Dragoons, entered the Limerick Militia in 1793, and joined the 32nd 
Regiment as ensign, 4th Novemlier, 1795. He saw much active 
service in St. Domingo and other parts of the West Indies in 1796-97. 
In 1804, when battalions were formed of the light companies in 
Ireland, Captain Ross-Lewin was selected as adjutant of the battalion 
commanded by Colonel Colman, of the Guards. He was present at 
the following general engagements and sieges : — The siege of 
Copenhagen and the capture of the Danish fleet in 1807 ; the battles 
of Roleia and Vimiera in 1808 ; the siege and capture of Flushing in 
181 1 ; the capture of the forts of Salamanca and the battle of 
Salamanca, where he was severely wounded, during the last charge, 
a musket ball, at short distance, passing through the left arm near the 
shoulder, from the effects of which he never thoroughly recovered. 

In June, 18 14, he received his majority by brevet, and in the 
following year was present at the battles of Les Quatre Bras and 
Waterloo. On his father's death. Major Ross-Lewin retired from the 
service. At home he was largely instrumental in restoring tranquility 
to the disturbed districts in the West of Ireland, and his exertions 
were rewarded by a graceful acknowledgment from Dublin Castle. 

In 1834 he published his autobiography, under the title of " The 
Life of a Soldier^ This work has been largely quoted in the present 
volume. He received the Waterloo medal, but he died in 1843, 

z 



.tS8 



before iSe distribution of the war medal, gnnted for the Pet 

When the medals «ere given to ihe sarvirore of that caiD^tgn, his 

family was denied the metincboly saiisfKtion of Tecetving one. 



LiEUTES A NT-Gene HAL WiLUAM Augustus Johkson. 

William AitcustusJohnso!*, the eldest sonof Kev. Robert Augostns 
Johnson, having raised men for rank, obtained a commission as 
cafitain at the age of sixteen, 23rd April, 1794. He wras transferred 
from the znd Queen's to the 3ind Regiment on 7th January of the 
following year, and was promoled major, 2nd April, 1803. 

He commanded the companies of the 32nd Regiment that in 1808 
were ordered to Sicily. Having been recalled to Spain, he was 
present with his regiment at the battles of Roleia, Vimiera, and 
Corunna, and received the war medal with the three clasps for those 
engagL-menls. The anxieties and privations of the retreat to Corunna 
had the elTcct of turning his hair grey, although he was only thirty 
years of age. Major Johnson served through the V\'alcheren 
expedition in 1809, being promoted lieutenant-colonel, i7tb May, 
1810, and colonel, by brevet, 12th August, 1819, He went on half- 
pay of the 3rd Ceylon Regiment, 18th August, 1814. He was Sheriff 
of Lincolnshire in 1830, and represented Boston in Parliament 
i8zt-z6, and Oldham, 1837-47. He finally retired with the rank of 
lieutenant-general, 23rd November, 1841, and died 26th October, 
1863, at his residence, at Wytham-on-lhe-Hill, at the advanced age of 
eighty-six. 

I.iF.triESANT Thoma.s Ross-Lewin. 

Thomas Ross-Lewjn, the younger brother of Major Ross-Le* 
joined Ihe 32nd Regiment as ensign in 1807, and saw much i 
service m the Peninsula, France, and Belgium. He was woundM 
Sarrogin, and again at Waterloo, where Sir William Ponsony 
"Union Brigade" rode over him as he was lying wounded on t 
field. He was invalided at Corfu, and retired on half-pay. 
died in 1857, having rereived the Waterloo war medal wiih t 
clasps. 



appendix. 339 

Captain Thomas Cassan. 

Thomas Cassan, a gallant youth, was wounded in the battle of 
Quatre Bras, i6th June, 1815, but concealed his situation, and con- 
tinued in the field with that manly resolution, intrepridity, and 
disregard for personal danger which always distinguished him. His 
fall was deservedly regretted by his brother officers and all who knew 
him. He was the son of the late John Cassan, Esq., captain 56th 
Regiment, and had been in the 32nd Regiment from ensign to 
lieutenant and captain, and had served in the East Indies. 

Major-General Frederick Markham, c.b. 

Frederick Markham was the youngest son of Vice-Admiral John 
Markham, M.P. for Portsmouth, and grandson of William Markham, 
Archbishop of York. His mother was Maria, daughter of G. Rice, 
Esq., and the Baroness Dynover. General Markham was born at 
Ades, his father's seat, in Sussex, on August i6th, 1805. He was 
educated at Westminster school, leaving it in 1824, when he obtained 
a commission in the 32nd Regiment. Served in Canada, in command 
of the light company of the 32nd, during the rebellion in 1837, and was 
very severely wounded in the action of St. Denis. He served also in 
the Punjaub campaign of 1848-49, having commanded the 2nd Infantry 
Brigade at the first and second siege operations before Mooltan 
(wounded loth September, 1848) ; the division, at the action of 
Soorjkoond, when the enemy's position was carried and seven guns 
taken ; and the Bengal column, at the storming and capture of the 
city of Mooltan, on 2nd January, 1849 > ^^ ^'^s also present at the 
surrender of the fortress of Mooltan, on 22nd January, and at the 
surrender of the fort and garrison of Cheniote, on 9th February. On 
20th February he joined the armr of the Punjaub with his brigade, 
and commanded it at the battle of Goojerat the following day, for 
which services he was nominated a Companion of the Bath, received 
Punjaub medal with clasps, C.B., Mooltan and Goojerat, and aide-de- 
camp to the Queen. 

In 1852 he published a "Journal of sporting adventures and 
travel in Ladak, Tibet, and Cashmere.*' 



:iH} APPENDIX. 

Ai>|X)inicd adjmaiU-general in India, March, 1S54; major-general, 
iSlh November, 18^4. In the Crimea commanded the second division 
as lieutenani-general ; commanded thai division at the attack on Redan, 
and witnessed the fall of Sevasloi>oI, And here a passing tribute must 
bcpaid to thememor)'ofoncof ihebesland most popularof the many 
good officers the coqis has ) rodiicfd. Th.^ scion of a good fighting 
Mock. Fri?dviick M^irkhuin joined thejind, in which all his regimental 
xcrvice was iiassel, in May. 1814. As captain of the Itj^ht company 
he Ki);nalizcd himself during the Canadian rebellion, especially in the 
affair with the insurgents at St. Denis, on which occasion his 
" romantic gallantry," to quote the wcids of an eye-witness, was 
conspicuous, and he received four severe wounds. He became 
lieutenant-colonel of the regiment, by purchase, in July. 1842. He 
I'ommanded the 2nd Infantry Rriaade throughout the second Sikh 
war (wounded, repeatedly mentioned in despatches, C.B.), and was 
afterwards adjutant-general of Queen's troops in India, from the lime 
of his return to India from leave, up to November, 1854, when he was 
promoted to the rank of major-general, and appointed to the division 
at Peshawur. When within two days journey of his new command, 
he was recalled to take command of a division in the Crimea. 
Performing the journey down in the unexampled short space of eighteen 
days at the hottest season of the year, he arrived in the Crimea in 
March, 1855, and took over the second division (with the local rank of 
lieutenant-general), commanding ic at the last attack upon the Redan, i 
He was just able to wimess the fall of Sevastopol, when his health,J 
which had been in a very precarious stale, broke down altogether 
neces'iitaied his return to England He died in London, on ai) 
November, 1855, and wis huried .at Morland. A white marble ; 
mcnt to his memory was erected by officers of the .land Kegitnent. \ 
Hi.s death, at the age o( fifty, depri\ed the country of an officer who J 
appeared destined 10 attain to the highest distinction. 



Thomas Maunsklt. served in the 32nd Regiment throughoi 
the Punjaub campaign of 1S48-49, and was present at the Rist 1 




APPENDIX. 341 

second siege operations before Mooltan, including the attack on the 
enemy's strong position in front of the advanced trenches on 12th 
September, 1848 (slightly wounded); the action of Soorjkoond; 
storm and capture of the city (where he was personally engaged at 
one time with two Sikh soldiers, one of whom he killed), and 
surrender of the fortress ; afterwards present at the capture of the fort 
and garrison of Cheniote, and at the battle of Goojerat (medal and 
two clasps); was severely wounded at Mooltan on 21st January, 1849 
(by a splmter of shell on the left shoulder and arm). 

Served in the Eastern campaign of 1854, and up to 20th February. 
1855, in the 28th Regiment, including the battles of Alma and 
Inkerman and siege of Sevastopol, during which time he commanded 
the Volunteer Sharpshooters of the third division for seventy-six days 
(for which most perilous service he volunteered), until severely 
wounded (bullet through left arm, bone broken), on 30th December, 
1854, for which service he was honourably mentioned in Division Orders 
of 3rd January, 1855. He joined his regiment again in the Crimea, 
and served with it there until after the war, when the regiment 
embarked for Malta (medal and three clasps, Sardinian and Turkish 
mtdals, and fifth class of the Order of the Medjidie) ; promoted 
brevet-major 2nd November, 1855 ; served in India during the latter 
part of the Mutiny of 1858-60, during which time (nearly two years) 
he commanded the 28th Regiment when a detachment of the regiment 
was employed with the Okamundel Field Force at the storming and 
capture of the fort of Beyt, and at the siege and occupation of 
Dwarka. 

Nominated a Companion of the Order of the Bath, 29th May, 

1875. 



APPENDIX. 343 



SERVICES OF THE OFFICERS, 32nd REGIMENT 

AND THOSE OF THE 

DUKE OF CORNWALUS LIGHT INFANTRY, 

(THREE BATTALIONS). 



Alexander, William James. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 12ih March, 
1861 ; lieutenant, 16th January, 1866 ; captain, 19th October, 
1872 ; major, 1st July, 1881 ; retired, with rank of lieutenant- 
colonel, 12th February, 1887. 

Allatt. Henry Thomas Ward. Ensign, 46th Regiment, 30th 
October, 1866 ; lieutenant, 22nd October, 1870 ; captain, 
26th July, 1876 ; major, 1st January, 1886. Passed staff 
college. 

Anderson, William James. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, loth 
August, 1848 ; lieutenant, 16th September, 1851 ; captain, 11th 
August, 1857 ; major, 27th March, 1872 ; lieutenant-colonel, 
25th June, 1878 ; colonel, 23rd July, 1879. Served in the 
operations against the hill tribes on the Peshawar frontier in 
1851-52, and was present at the affairs of Prunghur and 
Sharkote (medal and clasp.) 

Aplin, John G. O. Captain, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwairs 
Light Infantry, 4th April, 1888. 

AsHBY, George Ashby. Lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 20th 
November, 1875 ; captain, 1st January, 1886 ; brevet major, 
2nd January, 1886. Served as adjutant with the 2nd battalion 
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry throughout the Egyptian 
war of 1882, and was present in the engagements at El Magfar 
and Tel-el-Mahuta, in the two actions at Kassasin, and at the 
battle of Tel-el-Kebir (mentioned in despatches, medal with 



clasp, 5ib class of the Medjidie, and Khedive's star). Served 
with the Nile expedition, in lSSi-85, with the 2nd battalion o( 
the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, and look pan in the 
operations of the advance column under Major-Genetal Earle 
(mentioned in despatches, brevet of major, clasp). 

Bace, Henry William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 15ih Februai^', 
1833 ; lieutenant, 27th July, 183B ; captain, 7ih July, 1848. 

Badclev, Alex. James. Ensign, 32nd Regimeni, 1st June. 185.^ : 
lieutenant, Sth January, l8oS. Served during the Indian 
mutiny in 1858-59, and was present at the action of Doadpore, 
and throughout the Oudh campaign (medal). 

Ballard, John Fane. Ensign, 32nd Regimeni, 8th January, 1S64 ; 
lieutenant, 17th April, 1866 ; captain, Hih June, I87fi ; major, 
Ist July, 1881; retired, with rank of lieutenant-colonel, I4th 
December, 1887. 

Barnett, Carew. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 16ih November, 1887 ; lieutenant, 28th Februarj-, 
1889. Now wing officer, 3rd Madras Native Infantry. 

Bassano, ALfKED. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 3rd April, 1840; 
lieutenant, 24lh May, 1848; captain, 15th October, 1856; 
brevet major, 24lh March 1858 ; brevet lieulenanl-colonel, 16th 
March, I860; major, 27th July, 1866; colonel, 16th March," 
1868. Served with the 32nd Regiment at the first and second 
siege operations before Mooltan, including the attack on the 
enemy's position in front of the advanced trenches on 12ih 
September, 1848, the action of Soorjkoond, storm and capture 
of the city, and surrender of the fortress ; also present at the 
surrender of the fort and garrison of Cheniote, and at the battle 
of Goojerat (medal with two clasps). Served during the Indian 
mutiny, in 1857-59; was m action at Chinhul, on 30th June, 
18.'i7, (sfverely wounded), and from that dale engaged in the 
defence of the Residency of Lucknow, until its 5na1 relief by 
Lord Clyde, on 24th November, 1857 ; engaged in a sortie 



e on J 



APPENDIX. 345 

26th September, when seven guns were captured, and was in 
command of the regiment from 27th September to 24th 
November (mentioned in despatches by Sir John Inglis and the 
governor general, brevets of major and Heutenant-colonel ; also 
engaged in the defeat of the Gwalior rebels at Cawnpore, on the 
6th December, 1857, and in part of the subsequent campaign 
at Oudh (medal with clasp, and grant of a year's service for 
Lucknow.) 

Bassawo, Alfred Ernest. 2nd lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 22nd 
January, 1881 j lieutenant, 1st July, 1881. Died at Malta. 

Bayly, George C. Lieutenant, Royal Artillery, 1st March, 1863 ; 
captain, 8th December, 1875 ; brevet major, 1st March, 1883 ; 
paymaster, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 13th September, 
1882. Served in the Afghan war of 1878-80 (medal). Served 
with the Nile expedition in 1884-85 (medal with clasp, and 
Khedive's star). 

Beaumont, Lindesav Beaumont. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 3rd 
April, 1867; lieutenant, 20th October, 1869; captain, 1st Jiily, 
1881. Retired. 

Bell, William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 30th November, 1815 ; 
Heutenant, 26th April, 1828; captain, 2nd July, 1841 ; brevet 
major, 20th June, 1854; major, 23rd March, 1858; brevet 
lieutenant-colonel, 1 6th January, 1859. Was present at the 
battle of Goojerat (medal and clasps). 

Bell, Percy Taylor. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 30th January, 1886. 

Bennett, Henry Elkins. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 14th Septem- 
ber, 1855 ; lieutenant, 29th April, 1856. Served during the 
Indian mutiny in 1857-59, and was present at the capture of the 
forts Dehaign and Tyrhool, action of Doadpore, and throughout 
the Oudh campaign (medal). 

Bevan, Stuart J. 2nd lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 25ih January, 1890. 



34G 



Bickporu-Smith, R. .\. H. Captain, 3rd batialjon Dulce of 
Cornwall's Light InfaDiry, 5th October, 16S1. 

BiRTWHisTLE, Wm. Airue. Ensign. 32nd Regiment, 12th Decem- 
ber, 1(!43 ; captain. 3rd April, IS46. Served at the first and 
second siege operations before Mooltan, including the anack 
on the enemy's position in front of the advanced trenches OQ 
12ih September, 184;*, the action of Soorjkoond, storm and 
capture of the city, and surrender of the fortress. Also presen 
at the surrender ot the fort and garrison of Cbeniote, and at tbc 
battle of Goojerat (medat and clasps). Was wounded at 
Mooltan, 12th September, 18+S. 

BiRTWHiSTLE, JOHN. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, lllh DeceinbcT, 
1S47 ; lieutenant, 3rd September, 1849; captain, 28th June, 
1857. Served with the 3-2nd Regiment in the Punjaub 
campaign of 1S48-49, including the second siege operatioos 
before Mooltan, the siorin and capture of the city and 
surrender of the fortress ; also at the surrender of the fort and 
garrison of Chenioic and battle of Goojerat {medal and 
clasps). 

Bishop, Arthur, Ensign, 32nd Regiroenl, 12th February, 1S58. 

Blake-Auchton, Geo. E. Captain, 3rd battalion Duke of Cora- 
wall's Ught Infanlr>-, 9lh May, 1891. 

Buss, Leonard PHiUf Henky. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 4th May, 1SS7 ; lieutenant, 26th January, 1890. 

Bluett, Charlls Edw. Lasil. Ensign, 55th Regiment. 1 5th 
January', 1856 ; lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 5ih February, 1858 : 
captain, 25th September, 1860 ; captain, 22nd Regiment, 25th 
September, 1867; brevet major, 22nd August, 1873; major, 
13th March, 1876; lieutenani-colonel, 21si April, 1H82; com- 
manded 22nd Regiment, 21st April, 1886. 

Bond, D.vvid. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 7th September, 1858 ; 
lieutenant, 22nd January, 1864 ; captain, 16th September, 
1868; major, Isi July, 1881 : lieutenant-colonel, 29th June, 
1886 ; brevet rolonel, 29ih June, 1890. Retired. 



APPENDIX. 347 

Bowles, John Treacher. 2nd lieutenant, 46th Regiment, 23rd 
October, 1880 ; lieutenant, 1st July, 1881. Served with the 
Nile expedition in 1884-85 (medal with clasp). Died, 1886. 

Boyd, William. Assistant surgeon, 12th March, 1852; surgeon, 
7th September, 1858. Served during the Indian mutiny, in 
1857-59, and was engaged in the defence of the Residency of 
Lucknow from 30th June until its final relief on 24th November 
by Lord Clyde, during which time he officiated as medical 
officer in charge of the European garrison hospital, besides 
having charge of the 32nd Regiment — was promoted surgeon 
" for eminent services " rendered throughout the whole siege of 
Lucknow, and mentioned in despatches by Sir John Inglis and 
the governor general ; present also at the defeat of the 
Gwalior rebels at Cawnpore, on 6th December, and 
accompanied the 32nd Regiment in several minor excursions 
after the mutineers, both before and subsequent to the siege of 
Lucknow (medal and clasp). 

Bradford, Sutherland Henry. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 4th May, 1887 ; lieutenant, 4th Januar}', 1890. 

Bradshaw, William, (V.C.) Assistant surgeon, 15th August, 
1854. Served with the 50th Regiment at the siege and 
fall of Sebastopol, from 8th November, 1854 (medal and 
clasp, and Turkish medal). Served with the 90th Light 
Infantry during the Indian campaign of 1857-58, and was 
present with Havelock's column at the actions of the 21st and 
23rd September (wounded), relief and subsequent defence of 
Lucknow, defence of the Alumbagh under Outram, and fall of 
Lucknow (medal and clasps, and Victoria Cross). 

Brooke, Henry Vaughan, c.b. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 12th 
July, 1827 ; lieutenant, 11th June, 1830; captain, 22nd May, 
1835; major, 22nd July, 1842; lieutenant-colonel, 13th 
September, 1848. Served in the Punjaub campaign of 1848-49, 
in command of the 32nd, and was present at the first and 
second siege operations before Mooltan (including the action of 



348 APPENDIX. 

Soorjkoond, m command of the left column of attack), stonn 
and taplure of the city and surrender of the fortress of Moolian, 
surrender of the furt and garrison of Cheniote, and battle of 
Guojcrat, for which ser^'iccs he was nominated a Companion of 

the Bath (medal and clasps). 

Browne, Henrv George, (V.C) Ensign, 32nd Regiment, Slst 
August, 1656 ; heutenant, 15ih October, 18&6 ; captain, 1st 
June, lt*S8 ; major, Isl February, 1868 ; Ijeulenant-coLonel, 
liZth February, 1877 ; colonel, 1st Juiy, 1S81. Served in the 
32nd Kcgimeni during the Indian mutiny, in 1857-58, and was 
present at the action of Chinhut and defence of Lucknow 
Residency from June to November, 1857. Also witb Maxwell's 
force in the Surugtin camjjaign of 1855. Was twice wounded — 
oiicc su-vereiy, Tliankud in general orders by Sir J. Outram, 
Sir J. Inglis, and by the governor general (Victoria Cross, 
medal with clasp, with a year's service); was awarded the V.C. 
" for conspicuous bravery in having, on the 21st August, 1857, 
" during ihu siege of the Lucknow Residency, gallantly led a 
" sortie, at great personal risk, for the purpose of spiking two 
" heavy guns which were doing considerable damage to the 
■' defences. It ap])ears from the statements of the non- 
" commissioned officers and men who accompanied Captriin 
" Browne on the occasion, that he was the first person who 
"entered the battery, which consisted of the two guns in 
" question, protected by high pahsades, the embrasures being 
"closed with sliding shutters. On reaching the battery, 
" Lieutenant Browne removed the shutters and jumped into the 
" battery. 'I'he result was that the Kuns were spiked, and it is 
"supposed that about one hundred of ihe eni:my were 
" killed." 

Browne, William UMutiNoiON. Ensign, itiih Regiment, 8th 
January, 1868 , lieutenant, 16th March, 1870 ; captain, 1st 
July, 1876; brevet major, 18th November, 1882; major, 26th 
July, 188ij. Served in the Egyptian war of 1882, and was 
present in the engagements at E! Magf;ir and Te!-el-Mahuta, at 



APPENDIX. 349 

the two actions at Kassasin, and at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir 
(mentioned in despatches, brevet of major, medal with clasp, 
and Khedive's star). 

Buck, Walter Keats. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of CornwalFs Light 
Infantry, 29th November, 1890. 

BuRDER, Ernest Sumner. Lieutenant, Duke of CornwalFs Light 
Infantry, 7th February; 1885 ; adjutant, 2nd battalion, 26th 
January, 1890. 

Cantan, Henry T. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 18th May, 1892. 

Garden, Henry Parry. Lieutenant, 81st Regiment, 13th June, 
1874 ; captain, 8th May, 1883 ; brevet major, ITith June, 1885. 
Served with the 2nd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and was present 
in the engagements at El .Magfar and Tel-el-Mahuta, in the 
actions at Kassasin, on 28th August (wounded) and 9th 
September, and at the battle of Tel-fl-Kebir (medal with clasp, 
and Khedive's star). Served in the Nile expedition in 1884-85 
with the 2nd battalion of the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 
and took part in the operations of the advance column under 
Major-General Earle (mentioned in despatches, brevet of major, 
3rd class of the Medjidie, clasp). 

Garden, Henry Westenra. Lieutenant, 46th Regiment, 21st 
September, 1874 ; captain, 13th December, 1884. Served 
with the 2nd battalion of the Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and was present 
in the engagements at El Magfar and Tel-el-Mahuta, in the two 
actions at Kassasin, and at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir (medal 
with clasp, and Khedive's star). Served with the Nile 
expedition in 1884-85 (clasp). Transferred to Army Pay 
Department, 17th November, 1885. 

Carmichael, Claude D. J. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 6th September, 1890, 



350 



Car Mien A EI ^ Jamrs Douinoton, c.h. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 
I2ih July, 1839; lieuienant, IlUi May. 1841 ; captain, ISih 
April, 1845 ; major, '20th February, l>*5h ; brevet lieutenant- 
colonel, 1st February 1836 - lieutenant-colonel, '26lh November, 
1857. Served with the 32nd Regiment at the first and second 
siege operations before Mooltan, and was at the action of 
Soorjkoond ; led the right column of atLick at the storm and 
capture of the city of Mooltan (wounded), and was present at 
the surrender at the fortress, as also at the surrender of the fort 
and garrison of Cheniote, and at the battle of Goojeral (medal 
and clasps). Commanded the regiment in the Indian campaign 
at the attack and capture of the forts of Dehaign and Tyrhool, 
under Urigadier Berkeley ; again at the action of Doadpore and 
defeat of the Nuseerabad mutineers, under Brigadier Horaford, 
and was thanked in that officer's despatch " for the able 
" manner in which he commanded the infantry," Served in the 
campaign for the reduction of Oudh — commanded a movable 
column, which, acting under the orders of, and in conjunction 
with, l^^rd Clyde's force, was sent in pursuit of the rebel chief 
Beni Maddoo, to drive him and his troops across the river 
Gogra, which object the column successfully accomplished- 
mentioned in 1-ord Clyde's despatch as "distinguished for the 
"decision and celerity of his movements" (C.B., medal), 

Caepester, Georgf. William Wallace. Ensign, 3L'nd Regiment, 
17th June, 1851 ; lieutenant, 27ih January, 18,M ; captain^ 
12th January, 1855; major, 13th May, 1859. ,\ppointed to 
the reserve, 7th July, 1880. Served with the 7lh Fusiliers in 
the Eastern campaign of 1854, and was wounded -at the battle 
of Alma (medal with clasp, and Turkish medal). 

Case, William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, lOih February, 1832 ; 
lieuten.inl, Olh February, 1S38; captain, i'nh Februar>', 1842; 
major, 13th September, 1848. Served at the first and second 
siege operations against Mooltan, part of the time as major of 
brigade to the 2nd Infantry Brigade, including the assault on 
the suburbs of Mooltan, 27th December, 1848, on whidi 



APPENDIX. 351 

occasion he commanded the companies of the 32nd that were 
engaged, and was very severely wounded. He was afterwards 
present at the surrender of the fort and garrison of Cheniote, 
and at the battle of Goojerat (medal and clasps). Lucknow, 
1857. Killed at battle of Chinhut 

Cathcart, Hugh W. Mort. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 3rd June, 1859. 

Chapman, Frederic Hamilton. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 6th February, 1884; captain, 23rd May, 1890. 

Charlton, James Wolfe. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 8th July, 
1856 ; lieutenant, 28th June, 1857. 

Cherry, Charles E. Le M. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 23rd 
March, 1858 ; lieutenant, 25th September, 1860 ; captain, 16th 
October, 1866 ; major, 30th January, 1880; lieutenant-colonel, 
1st July, 1886. Served through Zulu war (medal) ; Egypt, 1885. 
Died, as commander-in-chief, at Suakim. 

Clapcott, Charles. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 18th April, 1845 ; 
lieutenant, 12th June, 1846 ; captain, 23rd July, 1852 ; major, 
26th September, 1858. Served with the 32nd Regiment at the 
first and second siege operations before Mooltan, including the 
attack on the enemy's position in front of the advanced 
trenches on 12th September, 1848; the action of Soorjkoond, 
storm and capture of the city, and surrender of the fortress ; also 
present at the surrender of the fort and garrison of Cheniote, 
and at the battle of Goojerat (medal and clasps). 

Clarke, Albert. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 10th April, 1866 ; 
lieutenant, 26th September, 1868; captain, 26th May, 1880. 
Retired. 

Clery, Cornelius Francis, c.b. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 5th 
March, 1858; lieutenant, 3rd June, 1859; captain, 16th 
January, 1866 ; major, 20th March, 1878 ; lieutenant-colonel, 
29th November, 1879 ; colonel, 21st May, 1884. Commandant 
of Staff College, with rank of brigadier-general. Served in 
South African war, 1879; Zulu campaign, battles of Isandhlwana 
and Ulundi (despatches, London Gazette^ 15th March and 21st 



352 



August, 1879 ; medal with clasp, brevtl of lieutenant-colonel) ; 
Egyptian campaign, 1884; Soudan (assisiant-adjulanl-general) ; 
battles of EI Teb and Tatnai (despatches, London Gazette, 27ih 
March and 6th May, 1884 ; two clasps and CB.) 

Cochrane, Wiluam Francis Dundonald. Ensign, 32nd 
Regiment, 31st August, 18(56 ; lieutenant, 2nd December, 1861* : 
captain, Uih June, 1881 ; brevet major, ISlh February, 1882 : 
major, 29th June, 1886. Served in the Zulu war of 1870, and 
was present in llie engagement at Isandhiwana, on 22nd 
January, as orderly officer to Colonel iJurnford ; served after- 
wards with Wood's column in command of the Natal native 
horse, taking purt in the engagements at Inhlobana Mountains, 
Kambula, and Ulundi (brevet of major, medal with clasp). 
Served as assistant -adjutant-general (principal staff officer) to 
Cape colonial forces during the Basuto war, in 1880-81, and 
was present at the capture of I.erothodi's stronghold and several 
minor engagcmenls. Served in the Egyptian war of 1882, with 
the commissariat and transport corps (medal and Khedive's 
star). Assistant military secretary, South Africa. Appointed to 
command brigade, Egyptian army, 1893. 

CoLi-s, RoRKRC St.\cv. Ensign, sand Regiment, Hth February, 
1840; lieutenant, 24lh April, 1843; captain, 30th February. 
1855 ; major, 26th April, 1859 ; lieutenant-colonel, 1st April, 
1866. Served with the 39th Regiment in the battle of Maharaj- 
[x>re (medal). Served with the 32nd in the Ptmjanb campaign 
of 1848-49, and was present at the second niege operations 
before Mooltan, including the storm and capture of the city, and 
surrender of the fortress ; also present at the surrender of the 
garrison of Cheniole, and at the battle of Goojeral (medal and 
clasps). Served during the Indian mutiny, in 1857-59, and 
present as field engineer to the force under Brigadier Berkeley 
at the capture of the forts of Dehaign and Tyrhool (mentioned 
in despatches) ; also as deputy assistant quarter-master general 
to Brigadier Pinckney's force during the campaign in Oudh 
(brevet of major, medal). 



mm 



APPENDIX. 353 

CoxRAN, Gerald Marcell. Captain, 3rd battalion Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 12th November, 1887. 

Conway, John. Hon. lieutenant and quarter-master, Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 30th November, 1881 ; hon. captain, 
13th November, 1891. 

CoRNisH-BowDEN, James H. T. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 23rd March, 1892. 

Cregoe, Edwd. Garland Colmore. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 
16th September, 1868. 

Crowdy, William Morse. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 27th June, 
1851. 

Crozier, Burrard, Rawson. First commission, 32nd Regiment, 
12th December, 1868 ; paymaster, 2nd March, 1885. 
Transferred to Royal Scots Fusiliers 1882. 

CuMxMiNG, William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 8th April, 1842 ; 
lieutenant, 3rd May, 1844. 

Cunningham, George Glecairn. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 22nd October, 1881 j captain, Derbyshire 
Regiment, 14th August, 1889; brevet major, 15th August, 
1889. Served in the Egyptian war of 1882, and was present 
in the engagements at El Magfar and Tel-el-Mahuta, and 
in the action at Kassasin on 28th August — twice wuunded 
(mentioned in despatches, medal, 5th class of the Mejidie, and 
Khedive's star.) Served in the Nile expedition of 1884-85 with 
the 2nd battalion of the Duke ot Cornwall's Light Infantry, and 
took part in the operations of the advance column under 
Major-General Earle (clasp). Now serving with the Egyptian 
army. 

Cunynghame, Edw. Aug. T. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 9th 
October, 1855; lieutenant, 26th February, 1856; captain, 11th 
March, 1859. Retired. Now Sir Edward Cunynghame, Bart. 

Cunstance, Sydney. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 
22nd October, 1881 ; captain, 14th August, 1889 ; adjutant, 

AA 



:!5l 



APPKSDIX. 



lilted Infantry, 18!>1 



1st hallalion. Served in Burmah 
(mentioned in despatches.) 

DE Montmorency, The Honble. Willoughbv John Horace. 
2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 22nd 
August, 1888; lieutenant, 20th April, 1891. Served in Burmah 
with Mounted Infantry, 1891. 

Disney-Roebuck, Francis Henry A, Ensign, 4Gth Regiment, 
26ih February, 1864 ; lieutenant, I7th Aprti, 1867 ; captain, 
9th April, 1870; major, 1st July, ISfil. Served in the Nile 
expedition in 1884-8!3 with the 2nd battalion of the Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, and took part in the operations of the 
advance column under Major-General Earle (medal ufilh clasp, 
and Khedive's Star). Commanding 1st battalion, 1st July, 1891. 

Ducat, Richard. 2nd lieulenani. Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 13th .August, 1893. 

DuMARESQ, Arthur Hemkrv. Lieutenant, .12nd Regiment, 19ih 
June, 18T4 ; captain, 1st October, 1883. Served in the Nile 
expedition in 1884.85 with the 2nd battalion of the Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry (medal with clasp). 

Eary, Charles J. Hon. lieutenant and quarter- master, 2nd 
1 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 3rd August, 1892, 



batialio 



Eden, John Montagu Rodney. Lieutenant, 46th Regiment, 
27ih June, 1875 ; captain, 26th January, 1884. Sensed in the 
Egyptian war of 1682, and was present in the engagements at 
El Magfar and Tel-el -M ah uta, in the two actions at Kassasin, 
and at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir (medal with clasp, and 
Khedive's star). Served in the Nile expedition in 1884-85, and 
was present with the river column under Major-General Earle 
and Brigadier General Brackenbury (clasp). Also served in 
the operations in 1885-86, under Sir Frederick Stephenson, as 
special service officer on the staff. 

Edmondstoune, John. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 15th October, 
IS-W; lieutenant, 3th January, 1855; captain, 3nd October, 



APPEvnix. 335 

1857;brevel major, 24th March, 1858; brevet lieutenant- 
colonel, I8ih March, 1869 ; major-general, 1st April, 1882. 
Served with the 32nd Regiment during the Indian mutiny, in 
1857-59 ; defended the iron bridge over the river Gotntee, 
with fifty men to cover the retreat from Chinhut, on 30th June, 
1857, and from that date engaged in the defence of the Residency 
of Lucknow until its final relief, on a-lih November, by Lord 
Clyde : led a sortie on 29th September, and was twice severely 
wounded — on JOth July and 39th September (mentioned in 
despatches by Sir John Inglis and the governor general, brevet 
of major); and subsequently engaged in the defeat of the 
Gwalior rebels at Cawnpore, on Gth December, at the capture 
of the forts of Dehaign and Tyroo!, and throughout the Oudh 
campaign, during part of which he served as staff officer to the 
movable column, under Lieutenant-Colonel Carmichael (medal 
with clasp, and grant of a year's service for Lucknow ; recom- 
mended for Victoria Cross). 

Eliot, Honble. Chas. G. C. Hon, colonel, commanding 3rd 
battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 29th June, 1889. 
Late lieutenant and captain Grenadier Guards. 

EvKLEGH, Charles Newman. 3nd lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 
I9lb February, 1881 j lieutenant, 1st July, 1881 ; captain, Uth 
August, 1889 ; adjutant, 1st battalion, 1st March, 1889. 

Falls, John Alexander Wright. Lieutenant, 33nd Regiment, 
29th November, 1876 ; captain, 12th February, 1887. Captain, 
Army Service Corps, 1st April, 1889. Served in the Egyptian 
war of 1882, and was present at the action at Kassasin on the 
28th August (mentioned in despatches), and at the battle of 
Tel-el-Kebir (mentioned in despatches, medal with clasp, and 
Khedive's star). 

Farweli-, William. Ensign, 46th Regiment, 29th September, 
1865; lieutenant. 12ih December, 1868; captain, 21st July, 
1375. Served in the Egyptian war of 1882, and was present 
the battle of Tel-el-Kebir (medal with clasp, and Kiiedive' 
Star). 



4 



4 



esent at ^^1 
hedive's ^^^| 



Kau[.k\f.r, STAFroRii Bett. Captain, 3rd ballalion Duke 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 2nd February, 1889. 

Fenton, Reginald W, C. 2nd lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of 

Cornwall's Light Infanlry, 23rd March, 189L 

Fekgusson, WiLtrAM James SMyrH, Lieutenant, Duke of Corn- 
wall's Light Infantry, 6th February, 1884 ; captain, 29th June, 
1890. Served with the Nile expedition in 1884-85, with the 
2nd battalion of the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, and 
took part in ihe operations of the advance column under 
Majoi-Genera! Larle (medal with clasp, and Khedive's star). 

Poll, Rich. Nathaniel Cartwright. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 
33rd April, 1858 ; lieutenant, 6th January, 1860; captain, 
23rd June, 1865. Retired. 

FoRSTER, James FitzEustace. Ensign, 46th Regiment, 1 9th 
December, 1862; lieutenant, 14th September, 1866; captain, 
16lh September, 1868; major, 1st July, 1881; brevet 
lieutenant-colonel, 21st May, 1884 ; colonel, 26th May, 18t<8, 
Served in the Egyptian war of 1882, and was present In ihe 
reconnaissance in force from Alexandria on the 5th August, in 
the engagement at El Magfar, and at the action at Kassasin on 
the 28th August — severely wounded (medal, and Khedive's 
star). Served with the transport department in the Soudan 
expedition in 1884 (mentioned in despatches, brevet of lieuien- 
anl-colonel, and clasp). Served in the Nile expedition in 
1884-85^ with the 2nd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, and took pari in the operations of the advance 
column under Major-General Earle (clasp). 

FORSTER, Thomas Henry Burton, Lieutenant, 81si Regiment, 
23rd March, 1872; captain, lOth November, 1880; major, 
Royal Warwick Regiment, 16lh December, 1891. Was deputy 
assistani-adjutant-general, Belfast, 25th September, 1888. 

Foster, Charles Marshall. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 18ih April, 
1851; lieutenant, 14th April, 1855 j captain, 2rith November, 



J 



APPENDIX. 357 

1857 ; major, 24th March, 1858. Served in the Indian mutiny 
in 1857-58, and was in action with the rebel force at Chinut on 
the 30th June, 1857, and from that date engaged in the 
defence of the Residency of Lucknow until its final relief by 
Lord Clyde on 24th November — was severely wounded during 
the siege, and mentioned in despatches by Sir John Inglis and 
the governor general ; was subsequently engaged in the defeat 
of the Gwalior rebels at Cawnpore, on 6th December, 1857 
(medal and clasp, and brevet of major). 

Francis, Wolstan. Lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 20th November, 
1875; captain, 17ih February, 1886. Served with the 2nd 
battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry throughout the 
Egyptian war of 1882, and was present at the reconnaissance in 
force from Alexandria, on the 5th August, in the engagements 
at £1 Magfar and Tel-el-Mahuta, in the two actions at Kassasin, 
and at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir (medal with clasp, and Khe- 
dive's star). Was adjutant, 3rd battalion, 3rd January, 1887. 

Frankfort de Montmorency, Viscount Raymond Harvey. 
Ensign, 33rd Regiment, 18th August, 1854 ; lieutenant, 12th 
January, 1855 ; captain, 29th March, 1861 ; major, 25th Sep- 
tember, 1869; lieutenant-colonel, 14th June, 1876; colonel, 
14th June, 1881 ; major-general, 30th November, 1889. 
Served with the 33rd Regiment in the Crimea in 1855, 
including the siege and fall of Sevastopol and attack of the 
Redan on the 8th September (medal with clasp, Sardinian and 
Turkish medals). Commanded a detachment of the 33rd 
against the rebels, and, after the death of the senior officer, 
commanded the Dohud field force in suppressing the insurgent 
Bheels in the Rewa Kanta, Guzerat. Served with a wing of the 
regiment at the siege and occupation of Dwarka, Okamundel. 
Served in the Abyssinian campaign of 1867-68 (medal). 
Commanded the Frontier Field Force during the operations in 
the Soudan, in 1886-87 (Khedive's star). Commanding 1st 
class District in India. 

Kraser, Walter Simon. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 



3o8 APPENDIX. 

Infantry, 33rd March, 1887 ; lieutenant, 3rd March, l^fl 
Now officiating squadron officer, 19ih Bengal Cavalry. 

Garden, Fkancis Anthony. Ensign, 3^nd Regiment, &tb Janiuij, 
1866 ; lieutenant, 21st March. 186s. Retired. 

Garforth, Wm. Quarier-masler, 32nd Regiment, 28ih June, 1844 j 
ensign, 3rd April, 1846 ; lieutenant, -lith February, 184S; 
paymaster, 16ih April, 1852, Served with the 32nd R^ment 
in Canada during the rebellion in 1837, and was present : 
the action of St. Euslache. Served as adjutant during the dot 
and second siege operations before Mooltan, including the actioQ 
of Soorjkoond, storm and capture of the city, and surrender ot 
the fonress. Also at the surrender of the fort and garrison of 
Cheniote, and at the battle ol Goojerat (medal and clasps). 

Garforth, John. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 19th June, 18&7] 
lieutenant, 6th February, 185S. Served during the Indi«q 
mutiny in 1858-59, including the Oudh campaign (medal)^ 
Now Rev. J. Garforth, rector of Spexhall, Halesvurk, Suffolk. 

Garnett, Henrv Percy. Lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 20iii 
November, 1875; captain, 12th February, 1887. Retired. 

GiDDiNGS, John. Quarter-master, 32nd Regiment, 13th September, 
1848; paymaster, 28th November, 1856. Served at the first 
and second siege operations before Mooltan, including the 
action of Soorjkoond, storm and capture of the city, and 
surrender of the fortress ; also at the surrender of the fort and 
garrison of Cheniote, and battle of Goojerat (medal and clasps). 
Served during the Indian mutiny, in 1857-59, and 
engaged in the defence of the Residency of Lucknow from 30lh 
June until its final relief on 24th November by Lord Clyde, 
during part of which time he acted as adjutant of the regiment, 
and was also in temporary charge of posts in addition to other 
duties ; was subsequently eng.iged in the defeat of the Gwalior 
rebels at Cawnpore on 6th December, 1857 (medal and 
ctasp). 



J 



APPENDIX. 359 

GiLBY, Henry Manx. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 17th August, 
1855 : lieutenant, 9th November, 1855. Served with a 
detachment of the 88th Regiment in the operations at 
Cawnpore, under General Windham, and was severely wounded 
at the attack against the Gwalior contingent on 26th November, 
1857 (medal). 

Glascoit, James Jocelvn. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 9th May, 
1865; lieutenant, 22nd February, 1868; captain, Manchester 
Regiment, 9ih July, 1879 ; hon. major, 13th September, 1886. 

Glegg, Edward Maxwell, Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 30th October, 
1869. 

Glyn, Charles Robert. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 28th October, 
1868. 

Goad, William Trickett. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 13th February, 
1858. Served during the Indian mutiny in 1858-59 ; as a 
volunteer, with the 79th Highlanders, at the siege and capture 
of Lucknow by Lord Clyde ; subsequently with the 32nd 
Regiment at the capture of the forts of Dehaign and Tyrhool, 
action of Doadpore, and throuc;hout the Oudh campaign (medal 
and clasp). 

GoLDiNG, Harry. Ensign, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 31st 
December, 1861 ; lieutenant, 5th December, 1862 ; captain, 
18th December, 1875 ; major, 1st July, 1881 ; hon. lieutenant- 
colonel, 18th July, 1886. 

GoLDiNG, Fred. Nassau. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 29th October, 
1858. 

Grant, Francis William Seafield. Ensign, 2nd West India 
regiment, 4th July, 1865 ; lieutenant, 9th November, 1866 ; 
captain, 26th March, 1873; captain, 96th Regiment, 11th 
November, 1875 ; captain, 32nd Regiment, 13th September, 
1879 ; major, 13th December, 1884. Served throughout the 
Ashantee war of 1873-74, and commanded the detachment 2nd 
West India regiment at the repulse of the Ashantee army at 
Abrakrampa, during the 5th and 6th November, 1873, and led 



it in two charges against an advanced party of the eneiW^^^ 
wounded ; conduct of the detachment mentioned in despatches 
(Medal with ciasp). Was aide-de-camp to governor, Bahamas, 
27th May, 1869, to 7th July, 1870. Fort adjutant. Sierra 
Leone, 27th August, 1870, lo 16th September, 1872. Aide-de- 
camp to governor. West Africa settlement, Isi April lo 10th 
September, 1874. 
Gkani, Alexander George William. 2nd Ueutenani, Duke of 

Cornwall's Light Infantry, 28th June, 1800. 
Grant, John Joseph Forsyth. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 25th 
April, 1858; lieutenant, i"th July, 1850; captain, 25th 
December, 1867 ; major, Ist July, 1881. 
Gray, Jame.'^ Thomas. Ensign, liSnd Regiment, I7th November, 
1857 ; lieutenant, 30lh April, 1858. Served during the Indian 
mutiny in 1858-59, including the Oudh campaign (medal). 
Grieve, Frank. Ensign, -iSih Regiment, 20th February, 1855 ; 
lieutenant, 6th July, 18.55; captain, 19lh October, I86*> ; 
major, 1st July, 18S1 ; brevet lieutenant-colonel, 18th Novem- 
ber, 1882 ; lieutenant-colonel, 26th July, 1885 ; colonel, 18lh 
November, 1886. Served with the 46th Regiment in ihe 
Crimea from the 3rd September, 1855, to the 20ih May, 1856, 
including the siege and fall of Sevastopol (medal with clasp, 
and Turkish medal). Served with the 2nd battalion Uuke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry in the Egyptian war of 1882, and was 
present at the reconnaissance in force from Alexandria, on the 
5th August, in command of the half battalion ; in the engage- 
ments at El Magfar and Tel-cl-Mahuta ; at the action at 
Kassasin on the 2Sih August (mentioned in despatches), and at 
the battle of Tel-el-Kebir (brevet of lieutenant-colonel, medal 
with clasp, and Khedive's star) ; also served in the Nile 
expedition, in 1884-85, with the river column under Major- 
General Earle (ciasp) ; in 1 88.5 he was employed on the staff of 
the line of communications as commandant at Kaboddie. 
Commanded the 2nd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 26th July. 1885. 



APPENDIX. 361 

Griffin, Frederick Gerald Griffith. 2nd lieutenant, 10th Foot, 
22nd January, 1881 ; lieutenant, 1st July, 1881 ; captain, Duke 
of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 14th January, 1891. 

Green, Richard Mead. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwairs Light 
Infantry, 21st December, 1889. Transferred to Prince 
Consort's own Rifle Brigade. 

Hammans, Arthur William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 18th 
December, 1866 ; lieutenant, 25th September, 1869 ; captain, 
29th June, 1881 ; major, Uth December, 1887. Now 
Commandant, Wellington Depot. 

Hardinge, Herbert Richard. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 14th 
May, 1858 ; lieutenant, 22nd February, 1861 ; captain, 22nd 
February, 1868 ; major, 26th May, 1880; lieutenant-colonel, 
1st July, 1881. Retired. 

Harmar, Edwin. Ensign, 23rd March, 1855 ; lieutenant, 15th 
June, 1855 ; captain, 23rd March, 1858. Served during the 
Indian mutiny in 1857-58, and was in action with the rebel 
force at Chinut on 30th June, 1857, and from that date 
engaged in the defence of the Residency of Lucknow until its 
final relief on 24th November by Lord Clyde (severely wounded, 
leg fractured by a round shot, mentioned in despatches by Sir 
John Inglis and the governor general, medal and clasp). 

Harris, William Henry, m.r.c.s., l.s.a. Assistant surgeon, 10th 
March, 1855; surgeon, 15th February, 1868; hon. brigade 
surgeon, 2nd May, 1880. Served in the Crimea from 22nd 
May, 1855, including the siege and fall of Sevastopol, the 
attack of the 18th June, and battle of the Tchernaya (medal 
and clasp). Also served during the Indian mutiny in 1857-59, 
including the Oudh campaign (medal). 

Hart, Henry C. Hon. lieutenant and quarter-master, 2nd battalion 
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 10th June, 1882; hon. 
captain, 10th June, 1892. Served in the Egyptian war of 1882, 




and was present al the battle of Tel-cl-Kebir (medal with cIj 
and Khedive's star); also served with the Nile expedition 
1884^5 (clasp). 

Hartley, James. Ensign, 5th Fusiliers, 29th December, 1857 
lieutenant, 24ih December, 18Q8; captain, 32nd Foot, Majril 
Retired, 1886. 

Hakvey, William I.ueg. Ensign, -leth Regiment, 30th Janui 

1878; lieutenant, 18th June, 1881; captain, 1st July, 1887. 
Ser\-ed with the 2nd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry in the Egyptian war of 1882, and was present at the 
battle of Tel-el-Kebir (medal with clasp, and Khedive's 8tar)iB 
Served in the Nile expedition in 1884-85 with the 2nd 
battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, and took part ii 
the operations of the advance column under Major-Generaj 
Earle (clasp). 

Hatherell, William George. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall' 
Light Infantry, 22nd October, I8S1. Now wing officer, 22nd 
Bombay Native Infantry. 

His Excellency Sir Arthur Elibank, k,c.m.g. 

in, 32nd Foot. Retired, 1877. Late chief civil com' 

for the Seychelles Islands, 1879. Governor and 

commander-in-chief of the West African Settlements, lB81-84j| 

of Trinidad, 1881-85; of Natal, 1885-89; and of Ceyloi^ 

since 1890. 

Hawker, Edmund B. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 15th October, 1881, 

Heath, Chas, Ernest. Sub-lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 9th 
August, 1873 ; lieutenant, 9th August, 1874 ; adjutant, 1st' 
October, 1878, to 17th March, 1881 : captain, 1st October, 
1883; captain, Army Service Corps, 1st April, 1889; deputy 
assisUnl-adjutant-general, Malta, Illh December, 1888. 

Heathco.^t-Amorv, Harrv \V. L. H. Lieutenant, 3rd battalioiy 
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. 4th March, 1891 ; 2n4 
lieutenant, Coldalream (Juards, 3th December, 1891. 



APPENDIX. 363 

Hill, Beauchamp Urquhart. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwairs 
Light Infantry, 9th November, 1889. Died at Burmah, 2nd 
July, 1892. 

HoLBROOK, Arthur St. Clair. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 21st December, 1889 ; lieutenant, 3rd July, 
1892. 

Holland, Percy. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwairs Light Infantry, 
22nd October, 1881. Served in the Egyptian war of 1882, and 
was present in the engagements at El Magfar and Tel-el-Mahuta, 
at the two actions at Kassasin, and at the battle of Tel-el- 
Kebir (medal with clasp, and Khedive's star). Served with the 
Burmese expedition in 1885-87 (twice mentioned in despatches, 
medal with clasp). Now wing officer, 5th Punjaub Infantry. 

HoLLWAV, Edmund John. Lieutenant, 46th Regiment, 11th 
September, 1876 ; captain, 2nd May, 1886. Served with the 
2nd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry throughout the 
Egyptian war of 1882, and was present at the reconnaissance in 
force from Alexandria on the 5th August, in the engagement at 
Tel-el-Mahuta, in the two actions at Kassasin, and at the battle 
of Tel-el-Kebir (medal with clasp and Khedive's star). Was 
adjutant, 1st volunteer battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, November, 1887, to 1892. 

Holt, Ernest William Lyons. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 23rd August, 1884. Served in the Nile 
expedition in 1884-85 with the 2nd battalion of the Duke 
of Cornwall's Light Infantry, and took part in the operations of 
the advance column under Major-General Earle (medal with 
clasp). 

Homfrav, Augustus D. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 30th May, 1883. Served in Egyptian campaign, 
1884-85. Died on service. 

Horridge, Frank A. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 2nd July, 1858. 

Inglefield, Arthur A. H. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 29th February, 1872 ; captain, 109th 




Ensign, 32 od R^ment, 



Regiment, 18S1. Served 
Died on service. 

>GLEFIELD. LOFTUS EdWARIi CoORE. 

21 St March, 1868. 
RELAND, Richard Samuel. Ensign, 32nd Re^menl, 15th 
September, 1877 ; lieutenant, 2nd February, 1881 ; captain, 
9th March, 1887. Retired. 

BEMONGER, WiLUAM Henrv. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 1 Uh 
April, 1865 ; lieutenant, 21st August, 1867. Retired. 

Harvev Brownrigc. 2nd lieuienant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 16tb November, 1887. Retired. 
EFFREV, George. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 4th June, 1839 ; 
lieutenant, 18ih June, 1841 ; captain, 15th March, 1853. 
Ser\'ed as a captain in the .\ngio-Spanish legion, and was 
present at the operations on the heights of Arlaban, in Alava, 
on the 16lh, 17th, and 18th January ; in the general actions in 
front of San Sebastian, on the Jih May (severely wounded, 
medal) and 1st October (severely wounded), 1836 ; lOth, 12th, 
(wounded), 14tb, 15th, and 16th March, storm and capture of 
Irun, 16th and 1 7th May (medal), 1837. He served with the 
32nd before Mooltan, during all the operations from September, 
1848, till the surrender of the fortress, 22nd January, 1849, 
after which he was present at the battle of Goojerat (wounded), 
(medal and clasps). 
Jervis-Edwards, Cecil Bradney. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 29th August, 1885. 

John, Thom.«. Ensign, 46th Regiment, 10th June, 1853; Ijeuien- 
anl, 1st December, 1854 ; captain, 24ih May, 1861 ; major, 8lh 
July, 1874 ; lieutenant-colonel, 26th July, 1881 ; colonel, :;6th 
July, 1885; major-gen etal, 9th December, 1885. Served with 
the Queen's in the campaign of 1S60, in China, and was 
present at the action of Sinho, taking of Tanglcu, and the inner 
Taku fort (medal with clasp). Sert-ed with the 2nd battalion 



i 



APPENDIX. 3()5 

Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantr}- throughout the Egyptian 
war of 1882, and was present in the engagements at El Magfar 
and Tel-el-Mahuta, in the two actions at Kassasin, and in 
command of the battalion at Tel-el-Kebir after Lieutenant- 
Colonel Richardson was wounded (mentioned in despatches, 
medal with clasp, 4th class of the Osmanieh, and Khedive's 
star). Also served with the Nile expedition in 1884-85 
(clasp). 

Johnston, Patrick. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 20th November, 
1838; lieutenant, 18th July, 1841; captain, 17th February, 
1851 ; brevet major, 9th November, 1862 ; lieutenant-colonel, 
1st April, 1866; colonel, 12th June, 1869. Commanded 
the light company of the 99th at the storming of Kawiti's 
Pah, at Ohaeawas, on the 1st July, 1845 (where he was 
slightly wounded on the forehead), and destruction of the 
same on the 10th July ; again at the destruction of Arratua's 
Pah on 16th July; also at the destruction and capture of 
Kawiti't Pah at Ruapekapeka, in January, 1846 (medal). 

JoLY, Edm. de Lotbiniere. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 15th March, 
1850; lieutenant, 23rd July, 1852. 

Jones, Oswald Routh. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 3rd September, 
1870. 

Jones-Parrv, John Jeffreys Bulkeley. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of 
Cornwairs Light Infantry, 5th February, 1887 ; lieutenant, 14th 
August, 1889. Served in Burmah campaign, 1891. 

Kendall, Edward C. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 30th June, 1877 ; captain, 12th March, 1881. 

Kennedy, James Montagu Bowle. Lieutenant, Duke of Corn- 
wall's Light Infantry, 9th May, 1885. 

King, Charles Thomas. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 10th July, 
1840; lieutenant, 27th May, 1842; captain, 25th February, 
1848. Served at the first and second siege operations before 



Mooltan, including the aUack on ihe enemy'"; position in front 
of the advanced trenches on 12th September, 18i8 (wounded), 
the action of Soorjkoond, Tth November, attack on the. 
suburbs of Moollan, 27th December, storm and capture of the! 
city (wounded), and surrender of the fortress ; also present at 
the surrender of the fort and garrison of Cheniote and battle 
of Goojerat. 

King, Henry EnGERXOH. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 
November, 1849; lieutenant, 30th July, 1852. 

KiRKWooD, Adam Dufp. Ensign, ;i2nd Reyimenl, 10th April, 

1849. 
Kitchener, Henrv Elliott Chevallier. Ensign 46th Regi- 

tneni, lOih July, 186fi ; lieutenant, lOth February, 1869; 

captain, 13th November, 1875 ; major, 96th July, 1885, Passed 

staff college. Served in Burmah campaign, 1891. 

Knollvs, Louis Frederic. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 17th April, 
1866 ; lieutenant, 2nd September, 1868, Inspector-general of 
Police in Ceylon. 

Knox, Robert Trotter. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 15th May, 
1855; lieulen.int, l3lh July, 1855; captain, i!6th September, 
IS.-iS. 

Lacon, Ernest de M, Captain, 3rd Battalion Duice of Cornwall'* 
Light Infantry, 26th November, 1879, 

Lakin, Edmund, Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 26th February, 1866; 
lieutenant, 5th February, 1858; captain, 12th June, 1869; 
major and lieutenant-colonel, 1st July, 1881, Died, 1892. 

Lambe, Hugh John Giddy. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry. 6th May, 188.'». Drowned, 27lh April, 1892, off 
Perim, whilst en rcule to England on leave of absence. 

L.\WRENCE, Samuel Hill. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 12th 
December, 184-7; lieutenant, 22nd February, 1850; captain, 
1st July, 1857 ; brevet major, 24th March, 1858. Served at 



APPENDIX. 367 

the second siege operations before Mooltan, including the 
storm and capture of the city and surrender of the fortress. 
Also at the surrender of the fort and garrison of Cheniote and 
battle of Goojerat (medal and clasps). 

Lawrie, John P. Ensign, 2nd Regiment, 22nd March, 1864 ; 
lieutenant, 23rd October, 1867 ; captain, 24th November, 
1877 ; hon. major, 22nd January, 1884 ; paymaster, 46th 
Regiment, 27th January, 1879. 

Le Quesne, Charles Fred. Nicholas. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 
16th October, 1866; lieutenant, 12th June, 1869; captain, 
14th June, 1881 ; major, 29th June, 1886. 

Legh, Piers Richard. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 22nd January, 
1879; lieutenant, 2nd October, 1880; captain, 22nd January, 
1890. Now wing officer, 26lh Bombay Native Infantry. 

Lenthall, Rowland J. Colonel, 3rd battalion the Prince of 
Wales' North Stafford Regiment, 5th October, 1887. Late 
lieutenant, 32nd Regiment. 

Lewin, Robert Nicholas Spencer. Lieutenant, Duke of Corn- 
walFs Light Infantry, 23rd August, 1884. Served in the Nile 
expedition in 1884-85 with the 2nd battalion of the Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry (medal with clasp, and Khedive's star). 

Lev, Hugh H. Major, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 10th August, 1889. 

Littleton, John. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 21st May, 1891. 

Lister, Matthew William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 22nd March, 
1864; lieutenant, 2nd August, 1866. 

Lofthouse, Richard Chapman, m.d., m.r.c.s., l.m., l.s.a. Assistant 
surgeon, 14ih July, 1854 ; surgeon, 9ih March, 1867; surgeon- 
major, 1st March, 1873; brigade-surgeon, 27th November, 
1879; deputy surgeon-general, 6th August, 1884. Served 



-ifp^ .\FPtXr»l>L 

with the 10th Hitssars, in the Crimean campaign, from the 
18th ApnX 1855, including the siege and fall of Sevastopol, 
battle of the Tchemaya, and affair of 21st September, near 
Kertch (medal with clasp, and Turkish medal). Served with 
the 14th Light Dragoons during the campaigns in central 
India, from 10th July, 1857, to April, 1859, under Hugh Rose 
and Sir R. Napier, including the siege of Rahutghur, action of 
Barodia, relief of Saugor, siege and capture of Garrakota, 
disarming the Bhopal contingent at Sehore, forcing the pass of 
Muddenpore, battle of the Betwa, siege and fall of Jhansi, 
aaion of Koonch, all the affairs during the advance on Calpee, 
including the battle of Golowlie, capture of the town and fort of 
Calpee, action of Morar, recapture of Gwalior, operations in 
Bundlecund, and affairs of Garotha and Jachlone, and pursuit 
of Tantia Topee. Was in medical charge of a wing of the 
regiment in India up to the capture of Gwalior (mentioned in 
despatches, and thanked by the director general, army medical 
department, medal with clasp for central India). 

Lloyd, Henry John Greame. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 22nd October, 1881 ; captain, 22nd October, 
1H87. Served with the 2nd battahon Duke of Cornwairs 
Light Infantry throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and 
was jjresent at the reconnaissance in force from Alexandria 
on the -'Jth August, in the engagements at El Magfar and 
Tcl-el-Mahuta, in the two actions at Kassasin, and at the 
battle of Tel-el-Kebir (medal with clasp, and Khedive's star). 
Served in the Nile expedition in 1884-85 with the 2nd battalion 
Duke of CornwalTs Light Infantry, and took part in the 
o[)erations of the advance column under Major-General Earle 
(clasp). 

Li.ovi), Tuos. Edwd. J. Major, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, kh May, 1885. 

Low, John Maxwkll. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 19th December, 
1802 ; lieutenant, 29ih September, 18G5 ; captain, 28th March, 
187^; major, 10th January, 1883; transferred to West Riding 



APPENDIX. 369 

regiment, 1883 ; lieutenant-colonel, 20th August, 1890 ; placed 
on half-pay, 20th August, 1890. 

Lowe, Edward W. D., c.b. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 20th May, 
1837; lieutenant, 12th March, 1841; captain, 23rd May, 
1845; major, 1st July, 1857; lieutenant-colonel, 24th March, 
1858; colonel, 2nd June, 1863. Served at the first and 
second siege operations before Mooltan, including the attack 
on the enemy's position in front of the advanced trenches 
on 12th September, 1848, on which occasion he succeeded to 
the command of the companies of the 32nd Regiment that 
were engaged. He was also present at the action of Soorj- 
koond, storm and capture of the city and surrender of the fortress 
of Mooltan, surrender of the fort and garrison of Cheniote, 
and battle of Goojerat (medal and clasps). Commanded 
the regiment on the death of Sir J. I^wrence, at I^ucknow, and 
through all the subsequent siege (brevet colonel, C.B., one 
year's service, mentioned in despatches.) 

LuTTRELL, Hugh C. F. Hon. major, 3rd battalion Duke of Corn- 
wairs Light Infantry, 6th July, 1887. Late Rifle Brigade, 
retired pay. 

Maberlev, Evan Frederick. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 22nd October, 1881. 

MacMullen, George Reade. Lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 11th 
September, 1876; captain, 11th September, 1887. Now wing 
officer, 6th Punjaub Infantry. 

Magenis, Richard Henry. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 10th April, 
1849; lieutenant, 5th May, 1854; captain, 25th February, 
1855 ; brevet major, 20th July, 1858. Served with the 90th 
Light Infantry at the siege and fall of Sevastopol ; commanded 
a party of the regiment at the taking of the Rifle Pits on the 
19th April, 1855, and was of the storming party at the assault 
of the Redan on the 8th September (mentioned in despatches, 
medal and clasp, and 5th class of the Medjidie). Also, during 

BB 



370 APPKNIJIX. ^^^H 

the Indian campaign of 1837-3'*, preseni with Have1ock'3 
column ai the actions of the 21st and 23rd September, relief 
and subsequent defence of Lucknow, defence of the Aluinbagh 
under Outram, and fall of Lucknow (brevet of major, medal 
and clasp). 

Mahony, John, c.m.g. Ensign and adjutant, 66th Regiment, 25th 
August, 1857; lieutenant, 3th May, 1861 ; captain, 3rd April, 
1866 ; paymaster, 5ih March, 1867 : major, fnh March, 18T7 ; 
staff-paymaster and honorary lieutenant-colonel, 1st July, 1879, 
Served as paymaster, Snd battalion 24ih Foot, during the Gatka 
rebellion in 1877-78. Served in Zulu war of 1879 as chief 
paymaster (promoted staff-paymaster, medal with clasp, 
and C.M.G.) 

Mander, John Harold. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 16th July, 1890. 

Mansfield, James William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 23rd June, 
1843 ; lieutenant, 4th July, 1845 ; captain, lath March, 1853. 

Mark, Edgar Penrose. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 16ih November, 1887 ; lieutenant, 23rd April, 1890. 

Marland, W. M. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Dulce of Cornwall's 

Light Infantry, 17th November, 1880. 

Marriott, Richard Charles Edward. Lieuienani, Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 28th February, 1885. 

Marshall, FitzRov D. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 29th May, 1889. 

Martyr, Cyril Godfrey. 2nd lieutenant, 46th Regiment, 23rd 
October, 1880; lieutenant, 1st July, 1881; captain, I4th 
August 1889, Served with the 2nd battalion Duke of Corn- 
wall's Light Infantry throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, 
and was present at the reconnaissance in force from Alexandria 
on the 5lh August, in the engagements at El Magfar and Tcl- 
el-Mahuta, in the two actions at Kassasin, and at the bsttle of 



J 



APPENDIX. 



371 



Tel-e!-Kebir (medal with clasp, nnd Khedive's star). Served in 
the Nile expedition in 1884-85 with the mounted infantry, and 
was present in the actions of Abu K!ea and El Gubal, in the 
reconnaissance to Metammeh, and in the engagements at Abu 
Klen Weils on the I6th and 17th February (two clasps) ; also 
served in the operations in the Soudan, in 1888, including the 
engagement at Gemaizah (+th class of the Medjidie). Now 
serving with the Egyptian army. 

Mavdwf.li, Richard Lawrence William Moore. Ensign, 32nd 
Regiment, 13th November, 1860; lieutenant, 19th January, 
1864; captain, I6th March, 1870; major, 27ih July, 1881; 
hon. lieutenant-colonel, 27th July, 1881. Retired. 

M'Cabe, Bernard, Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 8th May, 1846; 
lieutenant, lOth April, 1849. Served with the 31sl Regiment 
throughout the campaign of 1842, in Afghanistan, under General 
PulloL-k, and was present in the actions of Mazeena, Tezeen, and 
Jugdulluck, and the occupation of Cabool and the different 
engagements leading to it (medal). Also the Sutlej campaign, 
in 1845-46, including the battles of Moodkee, Ferozesbah, 
Buddiwal, Aliwal, and Sobraon (wounded; medal and clasps). 
Served with the 18th Royal Irish at the operations in the 
Canton river, under General D'Aguilar, in April, 1847. 

Michell, John C. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 4lh May, 1891. 

Molesworth, Honble. George Bagot, 2nd lieutenant, Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 8th December, 1888 ; lieutenant, 
13ih May, 1891. 

Molesworth St. .\ubyn, Hugh, Captain, 3rd battalion Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 22nd June, 1889. 

Money-Kyrle, J. E. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 21st June, 1833 ; 
lieutenant, 5th October, 1838; captain, 22nd June, 1842: 
major, 29th January, 1847 ; lieutenant-colonel, 12ih January, 
1860; 



i 



I 



Mr>r>RR, John. Ensigiu -Jind Regiment, 1st Xovemher, 1842; 
lieutenant, 3rd April, 1846 ; captain, IBth September, 1351. 
Wa^ present at the surrender of the fortress of Mooltan, at the 
surrender o( the fort and g^urison of Cheniote, and at the 
battle of Goojerat (medal and clasps). 

Morris Hejiry Gage, Ensign, 't6th Regiment, 30th January, 
}f^7H ; lieutenant, 1st July, 1881 ; captain, 14th November, 
1887. Served throughout the Egyptian war of 1882 with the 
2nd battalion Duke of G>mwairs Light In^mtry, and was 
present at the reconnaissance in force from Alexandria, on 
5ch August, in the engage:nents at El Siagfu- and Tel-el- 
Mahuta, in the two actions at Kassasin, and at the battle of 
Tel^UKebir (medal with clasp, and Khedive's star). Served in 
the Nile expedition in 1884-85, with the river column, as a staflf 
captain under Major-General Earle and Brigadier-General 
Brackenbury (mentioned in despatches, clasp); also served 
with the Egyptian frontier field force, under Major-General 
Grenfell, in 1886, as senior water transport officer. Was 
adjutant, 2nd volunteer battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 1st January, 1891. 

Morris, Timothv. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 18th November, 1857 ; 
lieutenant, 9ih August, 1858. 

Morrison', ARTffUR. Lieutenant, Duke of CornwaH's Light Infantry, 
1st July, 1881. 

Mf'Rpffv, 'f'nr).vfAs. Lieutenant, 46th Regiment, 3rd July, 1856; 
caj^tain, 5th August, 1870 ; major, Berkshire regiment, Isl 
July, 18^1 ; lieutenant-colonel, 8th January, 1883. Adjutant, 
auxihary forces, 20th September, 1875, to 19ih September, 
IKHO. Served in the Royal Artillery throughout the Eastern 
rainj)ai^n, from June, 1854, to January', 1856; was present at 
Inkeriuan, and engaged in the six bombardments of Sevastopol, 
and not absent from rej^ular trench duty for a single day from 
first breaking ground to the end of the siege (recommended for 
distinguished conduct). Served in the Turkish contingent at 



APPENDIX. 37 i 

Kertch, from January, 1 856, to the end of the war (medal with 
two clasps, and Turkish medal). 

Newbury, Bertram Archdall. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 23rd August, 1884. Served in the Nile expe- 
dition in 1834-85 with the 2nd battalion Duke of Cornwairs 
Light Infantry (medal with clasp, and Khedive's star). 

Newman, Henry Horatio. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 23rd August, 
1864 ; lieutenant, 16th October, 1867 ; captain, 5th June, 
1875 ; transferred to North Staffordshire Regiment ; major, 11th 
December, 1882. 

Nicholson, Samuel. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 14th May, 1884. 

Noble, Samuel Black. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 18th May, 1855; 
lieutenant, 23rd March, 1858. Served during the Indian 
mutiny, in 1858-59, and was present at the action of Doadpore 
and throughout the Oudh campaign (medal). 

NoRRis, Paul Buzzard. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 23rd March, 1889 ; lieutenant, 23rd April, 1892. 

O'Callaghan, Henry D. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 19th December, 
1845; lieutenant, 10th December, 1847. 

Ogilvy, Honble. James Bruce. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 12th 
October, 1860; lieutenant, 11th April, 1865. Served through 
Franco-German war as aide-de-camp to General Bourbaki. 

Onslow, Sir W. W. R. Captain, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 5th January, 1875 ; late lieutenant, r2th Foot. 

Orman, Frank Leslie. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 3rd May, 1890. 

Patterson, William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 17th April, 1842; 
lieutenant, 14th April, 1846. Served in the first and second 
siege operations before Mooltan, including the storm and 
capture of the city. Also present at the surrender of the fort 



3T4 APPKNLIX. 

■ and garrison of Cheniote, and at tiic battle of Gooj^rat (medal 
and clasps), 

Felly, Saville Hekuekt. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 10th May, 1SS2 ; now wing officer, 24lh Bombay 
Native Infantry. 

Pekkins, Hewlett Charles. Lieutenant, 46th Regiment, 29th 
November, 18T6; captain, 29th June, 1886, Sen-ed with the 
2nd battalion Dulce of Cornwall's Light Infanti)- throughout 
the Egyptian war of 1882, and was present at the reconnaissance 
in force from Alexandria on the 5th August, in the engage- 
ments at Kl Magfar and Tel-el-Mahuta, in the two actions at 
Kassasin, and at the battle of Tcl-el-Kebir (medal with clasp, 
and Khedive's star). Served in the Nile expedition in 1884-85 
with the 2nd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 
and took part in the operations of the advance column under 
Major-Gencral Earle (clasp), 

Petavel, Paul G. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 13th August 1892, 

Phillipps, Robert. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 20ih September, 
1864 ; lieutenant, 16th October, lb66; captain, 31sl January, 
1877; major, 14th November, lt*85. Retired as lieutenant- 
colonel. 

PONSONDV, Frederick Edward G, 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Corn- 
wall's Light Infantry, llth February, 1888; transferred to 
Grenadier Guards, 

Power, William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 6th .\pril, 184tf; 
lieutenant, 25th I-'ebruary, 1848. Served at the first and 
second siege operations before Mooltan, including the attack 
on the enemy's position in front of the advanced trenches on 
12th September, 1848, the action of Soorjkoond, attack on the 
suburbs, 27th December, storm and capture of the city, and 
surrender of the fortress. Present at the surrender of the 
fort and garrison of Cheniote and at the battle of Goojerat 
(medal and clasps). 



J 



Priestly, Horatio. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, -JBth August, -1846 ; 
lieutenant, 19th June, 1848; cajtlain, 3rd April, 1S57; major, 
12lh June, 1869, Served during the Indian campaign of 
1857-58, and was present with Colonel Maxwell's column in the 
operations before Calpee early in 1858, and proceeded with it 
to the Aluinbagh during the taking of Lucknow, in March, 1858 ; 
capture of the intrenched position at Dehaign and fort of 
Tytool, actions at Doadpore and Jugdespore, surrender of the 
forts at Ahmetie and Shunkerpore, and pursuit of Beni Madhoo 
across the river Gogra (medal). 

Primrose, Philip. Ensign, Sznd Regiment, 18th August, 1848; 
lieutenant, 4th August, 1851. 

pROwsB, Geokce William Thursbv. Lieutenant, Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 7th February, 1885. 

Rawlinsom, George Brooke Millers. Lieutenant, Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 25ih November, 1885. 

Reeves, John. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 9th .August, 1868; 
lieutenant, 5th March, 1870; captain, 26th September, 1877; 
hon. major, 2Gth January, 1884. Served in the Egyptian war 
of 1882 (medal, and Khedive's star). 

Rhodes, Francis Marv John Dominic. Ensign, 23rd October, 
1880 ; lieutenant, 1st July, 1881 ; transferred to Royal Fusiliers. 

Richardson, William Stewart, c.b. Ensign, 46ih Regiment, 
23rd November, 1852 ; lieutenant, 9th February, 1855 ; 
captain, 24th August, 1858 ; major, 5lh July, 1872 ; lieutenant- 
colonel, 1st May, 1880; colonel, 1st May, 1884; major- 
general, 30th June, 1S87. Served with the Saugor field force 
in the 43rd Light Infantry, during the Indian mutiny campaign 
in 1857-59 ; marched through central India, from Bangalore to 
Calpee, in 1858, a distance of one thousand three hundred 
miles, during the hottest season of the year ; present at the 
surrender of Kirwee ; commanded a detachment of the 43rd at 
the siege of Kirwee, when surrounded by five thousand rebels, 





■«l^ 



on the sue, 22nd, and 23rd December, 1858; also command- 
ed a detachment of the 43rd when engaged against the rebels in 
t jungles, under Feroze Shah, on the 26th August, 
1859 (mentioned in despatches by General Whillock for both 
actions, medal with clasp). Commanded the 2nd battahon" 
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry in the Egyptian war of 1882, 
and was present in the actions at Kassasin on the 2»th August 
{mentioned in despatches) and the 9th September, and at the 
battle of Tel-el-Kebir — severely wounded (mentioned in 
despatches, C.B., medal with clasp, 3rd class of the Medjidic, 
and Khedive's star). Also served with the Nile exjiedition in 
1884-85 (clasp). 
RiCKETTS, CiiAKLE.^ RoDlcK. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 8lh 
October, 1850 ; lieutenant, 31st December, 1852 ; captain, I4tb 
September, 1857. Served during the Indian mutiny in 
1858-59, and was present at the action of Doad|)ore and 
throughout the Oudh campaign imedal). 

Roberts, C. John Cramer. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 21st 
January, 1853. 

Roberts, William Edward. Ensign, 7ih Fusiliers, llib March, 
1862; heulenant, 19th July, 1864; captain, 21st July, 1875; 
major, Isi July, 1881 ; lieutenant-colonel, 18lh January, 1889, 
Commanding 2nd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Inlantry, 
31st July, 1889. Served in the campaign on the north-west 
frontier of India in 1863, with two companies of the 7th 
Fusiliers, comprising part of the Doaba field force, and was 
present at the action near Fort Shubkudder (medal and clasp). 

RuDMAN, William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 22nd December, 1846 ; 
lieutenant, 11th February, 1848 ; captain, 15th May, 1857; 
brevet major, 34th March, 1858. Served with the 62nd 
Regiment in the campaign on the Sutlej (medal and clasp), 
including the battles of Ferozesbah and Sobraon. 

Salmon, Arthur F. Captain, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwall's 
ighl Infantry, 5th November, 1887. 




APPKNDIX. 377 

Sanderson, Arthur. Assistant surgeon, 12th January, 1859. 

Seward, Eliott Thomas. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 9th December, 
1836; lieutenant, 15th February, 1839; captain, 17th June, 1842. 

Shakerley, Ernest Alfred. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of CornwalPs 
Light Infantry, 30th November, 1887 ; lieutenant, 23rd May, 
1890. 

Shewell, Edward W. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of Com- 
wairs Light Infantry, 22nd June, 1889. 

Shortt, John Alexander. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 20th October, 
1848. 

Sibley, Henry William. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 17th October, 
1845 ; lieutenant, 9th February, 1848. 

Sidney, Henry Marlow. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 25th August, 1883; captain, 14th August, 1889. 
Ser\'ed in the Nile expedition in 1884-85 with the 2nd battalion 
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, and took part in the 
operations of the advance column, under Major-General Earle 
(medal with clasp, and Khedive's star). Now serving with the 
Egyptian army. 

Sillery, Alfred John Moore. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 22nd 
February, 1868. 

Smurthwaite, Philip Alan. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 9th September, 1882. 

SouTHEY, William Melvill. Lieutenant Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 30th January, 1886. 

St. Aubyn, Edward. Hon. colonel, 3rd battalion Duke of Corn- 
wall's Light Infantry, 16th February, 1884. 

St. Aubyn, Guy Stewart. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 22nd June, 1889 ; appointed to 60th 
Rifles, 17th January, 1891. 




37S Ar 

St, Levan, Lord. Hon. colonel, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornvrall' 
Light Infantry, 1st May, 1882. 

Stabb, Henry Sparke. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 2'Jth April, 1S56 j 
lieutenant, lat August, 1856; captain, 5th November, 1861; 
Served as adjutant of the 32nd Regiment during the Indiatf 
campaign af 1857-58, and was present with Colonel Maxwell'k 
column in the operations before Calpee early in 1858, and 
proceeded with it to the Alumbagh during the talcing oC 
Lucknow, in Marcli, 1858. Capture of the intrenched positiott 
at Delhainn and fort at Tryhool, actions of Doadpore and 
Jugdespore, surrender of the forts at Ahmeiie and Shunlcerpor^ 
and pursuit of Benhi Madho across the river Gogra (medal).' 
Appointed colonel on sialT in Natal ; took part in the suppression 
of rising in 1889 (mentioned in despatches). Died from over- 
exertion. 

Standen, Robert Hargrave Fraser. 3nd lieutenant, Duke cC 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 29th March, 1890. 

Stanley, Chas. Geofkbkv. Ensign, 33nd Regiment, 5th February, 
1858 ; lieutenant, 26th September, 1858. 

Steele, Frederick William. Lieutenant, 46th Regiment, lltii 
November, 187G ; captain, 29ih June, 1886. Capuin, Army 
Service Corps, 16th May, 1885. Served with the 3nd battalion 
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry throughout the Egyptian' 
war of 1882, and was present at the reconnaissance in force 
from Alexandria on the 5th August ; in the engagements 
El Magfar and Tel-el- Mahuta, in the two actions at Kassasln, 
and at the battle of Tcl-el-Kebir (medal with clasp, and 
Khedive's sUr). Served in the Nile ex[>edition in 1884-86' 
with the 2nd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantty 
(clasp). 

Steevens, Charles. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 7ih August, 1840 ^ 
lieutenant, 28th December, 1841 ; captain, 18ih January, 1850. 

Stewart, Rupert. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry) 
25th August, 1883; captain, 23rd April, 1890. Served in '*" 




J 



APPENDIX. 379 

Nile expedition in 1884-85 with the 2nd battalion Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry (medal with clasp, and Khedive's 
star). 

Stopford, John George Beresford. Cornet, 8th Hussars, 23rd 
August, 1859; lieutenant, 30th July, 1860; captain, 32nd 
Regiment, 2nd October, 1866 ; brevet major, 1st January, 
1880; major, 29th June, 1881 ; lieutenant-colonel, 5th April, 
1886 ; colonel, 5th April, 1890. Commanded 1st battalion 
1st July, 1887. Was aide-de-camp and military secretary to 
Governor of Cape Colony, 1873-77. 

Strachan, James. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 30th August, 1855 ; 
lieutenant, 1st July, 1857. Ser\ed during the Indian mutiny in 
1857-59, and was present at the capture of the forts of Dehaign 
and Tyrhool, and the Oudh campaign (medal). 

Straubenzee, Bowen Van. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 4th April, 
1846; lieutenant, 25th February, 1848. Served at the first and 
second siege operations before Mooltan, including the action of 
Soorjkoond ; was severely wounded on the 27th December, 
1848 (medal and clasp). 

Streeten, Bernard S. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Light 
Infantry, 23rd May, 1891. 

Stribling, Francis. Quarter-master, 32nd Regiment, 28th 
November, 1856 ; hon. captain, 3rd April, 1867. Served during 
the Indian mutiny in 1857-59, and was engaged in the 
defence of the Residency of Lucknow from the 30th June until 
its final relief on 24th November by Lord Clyde (mentioned 
in despatches by Sir John Inglis) ; was subsequently engaged 
in the defeat of the Gwalior rebels at Cawnpore on 6th Decem- 
ber, capture of the forts of Dehaign and Tyrhool, action of 
Doadpore,and throughout theOudh campaign (medal and clasp). 

Studdy, Ernest Holdsworth. Lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 
10th January, 1872 ; captain, 7th February, 1883 ; transferred 
to Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. 



380 APPENDIX. 

Styles, Geo. Lieutenant and quarter-master, 46th Regiment, llth 
July, 1874 ; quarter- master, 3rd battalion, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 1st April, 1662; hoti. captain, 3rd battalion, 
llth July, 18S4. 

SwiNEV, George Clavton, Cornet, Bengal Cavalry, 20th October, 
1857; lieutenant, 6th Dragoon Guards, IStli May. 1858; 
captain, 32nd Regiment, 1.5th May, 1866 ; brevet mnjor, 3Isl 
December, 1878; major, Uih June, 1881; lieutenanKobnel, 
1st July, 1881 ; colonel, 1st July, 1885. Commanded ihe 1st 
battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 2flth June, 1686. 
Served in the Indian Mutiny campaign, in 1857-58, with the 
7th Hussars, and was present in an engagement at Secundra- 
gunge, near Allahabad, in December, 1857 (medal). Was 
aide-de-camp and military secretary to Governor of Cape 
Colony, 1870-73. 

Tawke, Arthur Christian. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 25th 
January, 1865; lieutenant, 3rd April, 1S67; captain, 29th 
January, 1879; major, 1st January, 1886. Retired. 

Teale, Edward John Jenkins. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 2nd 
July, 1879; lieutenant, 1st July, 1881; captain, llth v\pril, 
1888. Served in the Nile expedition in 1885 with the 
commissariat and transport staff. 

Thistlethwayte, a. R. Wm. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 16th 
March, 1855 ; captain, 26th October, 1855. 

Thomson, James Dugald. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 4th May, 
1849; lieutenant, 1 7th January, 1851. 

Tregear, Vincent F. W. 2nd lieutenant. Uuke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 23rd May, 1891. 

Trelawnv, Henky R. S. Lieutenant-colonel commandant, 3rd 
battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 4th May, 1872 ; 
late lieutenant, 6th Dragoons. 

Tbelawny, James E. S. 2nd lieutenant, 3rd batulion Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 30th December, 1891. 



APPENDIX. 381 

Tremayne, Henry Arthur. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of CornwalPs 
Light Infantry, 16ih November, 1887 ; lieutenant, 29th June, 
1890. 

Tremayne, John Claude L. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of 
Corn wall's Light Infantry, 6th November, 1886. 

Trethewy, Thomas Langdon. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwairs 
Light Infantry, 23rd March, 1889 ; lieutenant, 16th December, 
1891. 

Trevelyan, Herbert. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 21st August, 
1867; captain, 28th October, 1871; captain, Bedford Regiment, 
29th June, 1881 ; transferred to Inniskilling Fusiliers, 15th 
October, 1881. Now retired. 

Trueman, Charles Hamilton. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 29th 
October, 1858 ; lieutenant, 20th September, 1864 ; captain, 
25th September, 1869. Hon. lieutenant-colonel, retired. 

Tulloch, J. G. M'DoNALD. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 26th 
December, 1851. 

TuRNBULL, Charles Fred. Alex. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 
9th March, 1866 ; lieutenant, 22nd July, 1868 ; captain, 26th 
May, 1880 ; major, 5th April, 1886. Served as aide-de-camp 
to General Officer Commanding, Aldershot ; to Brigadier- 
General, Aldershot ; and to Governor and Commander-in-Chief, 
Malta, 1st July, 1887. 

Turner, Martin Newman. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 23rd July, 1890. 

Unl\cke, Henry Percy. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of Corn- 
walPs Light Infantry, 19th November, 1881. 

Valletort, Vlscount p. a. H. Captain, 3rd battalion Duke of 
CornwalFs Light Infantry, 23rd March, 1891. Appointed aide- 
de-camp to Governor-General of India. 

Vaughan, Edward. Quarter-master, 32nd Regiment, 3rd April, 
1867. Served with the 32nd Regiment during the Indian 



muliny of |f<57-59, including the defence nf the Residency of 
I.ucknow until its final relief by Lord Clyde on 24lh Novem- 
ber, IBS" (twice wounded), battle of Cawnpore, on Cth 
December, and subsequent operations in Oudh, including tbe 
capture of forts Dehaign and Tyrhool and actions of Doadpore 
and Jugdespore (medal with clasp, and grant of a year's service 
for Lucknow). Died at Aldershot, 1881. 

Verschovle, John Hamilton. Lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 13th 
June, 1875 ; ca|.lain, aSth December, 1883. Served with the 
2nd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry throughout the 
Egyptian war of 1882, and was present in the engagements at 
£1 Magfar and Tel-el-Mahuta, in the two actions at Kossasin, 
and at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir (medal with clasp, and 
Khedive's star). 

Vigor, Frederick Georce. Lieutenant, 32nd Regiment, 11th 
September, 1873; captain, 1st September, 18S1 ; major, 1st 
July, 1891. Served in the Egyptian war of 1882 (medal and 
Khedive's star). Served in the Nile exjwdition in 188*-85 with 
(he 3nd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, and look 
part in ihe operations of Ihe advance column under Major- 
General Earle (clasp). 

V\'vv.\N, Herbert N. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 13th March, 1881; 32nd Regiment, 1881; 
Exchanged to Royal Welsh Fusiliers. Died in India, 

VvvvAN, Percv Edmund. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Ughi 
Infantry. 30th January, 1886. Died at Burmah, 26th June, 1892. 

Vv\VAN, Richard T. 2nd lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry, 9lh March, 1891. 

Wainwruhit, Frederick. Ensign, ZinA Regiment, 23rd May, 
1846; lieutenant, 12th September, 18+8. 

W.^LEs, H.R.H. Albert Edward Prince of, Field Nfushall, 

K.G., K.T., K.P., G C.B., C.C.S.I., C.C.M.G., C.C.LE., A,D C. HOO. 

Colonel, 3rd battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infant^, 28th 
April, 1875. 



APPFNDIX. 38:] 

Walker, George. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 11th May, 1855; 
lieutenant, 27th November. 1857. Served with the 88th 
Regiment at the siege and fall of Sevastopol in 1855, was 
wounded in the trenches on the 8th August, and twice severely 
wounded at the final attack on the Redan (medal and clasp, 
and Turkish medal). Served in the Indian campaign in 
1857-58, and was present at the repulse of the Gwalior 
contingent at Bogneepore and fall of Calpee, under Sir Hugh 
Rose (medal). 

Walker, Harold Bridgewood. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwairs 
Light Infantry, 14th May, 1884 ; captain, 16th December, 
1891. Served in the Nile expedition in 1884-85 with the 
2nd battalion Duke of CornwaU's Light Infantry, and took part 
in the operations of the advance column under Major-General 
Earle (medal with clasp, and Khedive's star) ; also served w^ith 
the Egyptian frontier field force under Brigadier-General Butler, 
in 1885-86, and was present at the engagement at Giniss. 

Walker, Launcelot Henry. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwairs 
Light Infantry, 29th August, 1885. 

Walshe, Walter Philip. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 31st March, 
1858. 

Ward, Honble. Bernard Mathew. Ensign, 47th Regiment, 
12th July, 1850 ; lieutenant, lOih February, 1854; captain, 
14th March, 1856; major, 32nd Regiment, 1st October, 1862; 
lieutenant-colonel, 12ih June, 1869; colonel, 12th June, 1874; 
major-general, 25th April, 1885; lieutenant-general, 2nd October, 
1886. Served in the Eastern campaign of 1854, and up to the 
3rd May, 1855, with the 47th Regiment, including the battle 
of Inkerman, siege of Sevastopol, and sortie of 26th October 
(medal with two clasps, Sardinian and Turkish medals). 

Ware, Frank Cooke Webb. 2nd lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry, 16th November, 1887 ; lieutenant, 28th 
February, 1889. Now officiating squad officer 7th Bombay 
Cavalry. 



38-} A['PLN[)1X. 

Warren, Arthur Frederick, c.h. Ensign, Rifie Brigade, 23rd 
July, 1847; lieutenant, llih October, 1853; captain, 29th 
December, 1854 ; major, 2nd November, 1855 ; lieutenant- 
colonel, 3rd August, 1866 ; colonel, Isl Octgber, 1877 ; major- 
general, 3i)th September. 1887. Served with the Rifle Hrigade 
in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the battles of 
Alma, and Inkerman, and siege of Sevasto[>o1 (medal with 
three clasps, brevet of major, 5th class of the Medjidie, and 
Turkish medal). Served with the 2nd battalion during the 
whole of its service in the suppression of the Indian mutiny, 
including the actions at Cawnpore, and capture of Lucknow 
(medal with clasp). Embarked for the Gold Coast in command 
of the 2nd battalion Rifle Brigade, and served throughout the 
second phase of the Ashanlee war in 1874, including the battle 
of Amoalul, battle of Ordahsu, and capture of Coomassie 
(several times mentioned in despatches, C.B,, medal with 
clasp). Commanded 32nd Regimental District. 

Washbourn, A. S. B. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of Corn- 
wall's Light Infantry, 32nd December, 1880. 




32nd Regiment, 17th August, 



Webb, Pelham Carver. Ensign, 
1852. 

Wildraham, Ralph James. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 21st August, 
1878; lieutenant, 1st July, 1881 ; captain, 14ih December, 
1887. Sen-ed with the Nile expedition in 188i-85 (medal and 
clasp, and Khedive's star). Adjutant, 3rd battalion, January, 



Williams, Eustace Scotf. Lieutenant, Duke of Cornwall's Ught 
Infantry, 27th January, 1886, Served with the Bechuanaland 
expedition, under Sir Charles Warren, in 1884-85, with the 
Mounted Rifles. 

Williams, R. Enw. L. H. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 23rd May, 
1845 ; lieutenant. 23rd September, 1847. Served at the first 
and second siege operations before Mooltan, including the 
attack dti the enemy's position in ftont of the advanced trenches 



APPENDIX. 3S5 

on 12th September, 1848, the action of Soorjkoond, storm and 
capture of the city and surrender of the fortress. Also present 
at the surrender of the fort and garrison of Cheniote and at the 
battle of Goojerat (medal and clasps). 

Woods, Adrian Samuel. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 2nd December, 
1868; lieutenant, 28th October, 1871; captain, Leinster 
Regiment, 2nd February, 1881 ; major, 18th November, 1882 ; 
lieutenant-colonel commanding battalion, 12th August, 1891. 

Wyld, Charles E. Lieutenant, 3rd battalion Duke of CornwalFs 
Light Infantry, 4th March, 1891. 

Yard, Frederick. Ensign, 32nd Regiment, 12th March, 1841 ; 
lieutenant, 22nd July, 1842; captain, 25th February, 1848; 
major, 26th November, 1857. Served at the first and second 
siege operations before Mooltan, including the attack on the 
enemy's position in front of the advanced trenches on 12th 
September, 1848, the action of Soorjkoond, storm and capture 
of the city and surrender of the fortress. Also present at the 
surrender of the fort and garrison of Cheniote, and at the 
battle of Goojerat (medal and clasps). 

Young, Keith Henry St. George. Lieutenant, 46th Regiment, 
4th December, 1874 ; captain, 1st October, 1883. Served in 
the Nile expedition in 1884-85 with the 2nd battalion Duke 
of Cornwall's Light Infantr}', and took part in the operations 
of the advance column under Major-General Earle (medal with 
clasp). 



CO 



3sn 



APPKXDIX. 



LIST OF WARRANT OFFICERS OF THE DUKE OF 
CORNWALL'S LIGHT INFANTRY SINCE 188L 



Ser|^e«int- Major J. Conway 
„ I. Johnstone 



1st Batt. Duke of Cornwall's L.I, 
32nd Regimental District. 



>» 


C. Hale - 


- 2nd Batt. Duke 


of Cornwall's L 


>> 


R. Pearce 


1st 


j> ' 


1 1% 9 


» 


G. Carr - 


- 2nd 


»» * 


* >i * 


>» 


H. Archer - 


1st 


>i » 


) f « « 


M 


R. Peel - 


- 1st 


»i * 


« If « 


») 


R. Best 


2nd 


?» 1 


f f * « 


dmas 


ter M. Gould 


- 1st 


»» » 


» »» » 


»» 


T. Campbell 


2nd 


»* ♦ 


J •» » 


»» 


G. Halliwall - 


- 1st 


>» ♦ 


» »> « 


>» 


T. Blench 


Isl 


" 1 


^ ^ • 4 



A. IT. SWISS, PRINTF.R AND STATIONER, DFAONPORT. 



ORIGINAL SUBSCRIBERS 



TO THESE RECORDS. 



Anderson, Colonel W. J. 
Ashby, Major G. A. 

Ballard, Colonel J. F. 
Beaumont, Captain L. B. 
Bliss, Lieutenant L. P. H. 
Bond, Colonel D. 
Bowles, J. T. , Esq. 
Bradford, Lieutenant S. II. 
Browne, Colonel H. G., !J.(I. 
Browne, Major W. B. 
Buck, 2nd Lieutenant W. K. 

Cantan, 2nd Lieutenant H. T. 

Canteen, Dep6t, D.C.L.L 

Garden, Major H. P. 

Carpenter, M.ijor Wallace G. \V. 

Case, Mrs. 

Chapman, Captain F. II. 

Clapcott, Colonel Charles 

Clarke^ Major A. 

Clcry, General C. F. 

Cochrane, Major \V. F. D. 

Collier, Mortimer, li^sq. 

Colls, Colonel K. S. 

Conway, Captain J. 

Cornish-Bowden,2nd Lieutenant J. H.T. 

Custance, Captain S. 

deMonlmorcncy,LieutenantHon.\V.J.H. 

Dillon, Mr. James M. 

Dillon, Sir John F. 

Disney- Roebuck, Lieutenant -Colonel 

Drake, T. Hyde, Esq. 

Ducat, 2nd Lieutenant R. 

Edmondstoune, Miss 
Edmondstoune, Mrs. 
Edye, Major L. 
Eliot, Colonel Hon. C. 
Evelegh, Captain C. N. 
Every, Rev. T. 



Foil, R. N. C, Esq. 
Pord, Mrs. 
Foster, Major C. M. 
Foster, Colonel L. C. 
Francis, Captain Woltsan 
Frankfort de Montmorency, Major- 
Gcneral Viscount 

Garforth, Rev. J. 
Garnett, Captain Percy 
Glascott, Colonel J. J. 
Glegg, E. M., Esq. 
Grant, Major F. W. Seafield 
Griffin, Captain F. G. G. 

Ilammans, Major A. W. 

Hardinge, Colonel H. R. 

Harris, Brigade-Surg.-Lt.-Col. W. II. 

Hartley, Captain James 

Harvey, Captain W. L. 

Hathercll, Lieutenant W. (i. 

Ilavelock. Sir Arthur E., K.c.M.c;. 

Heath, Major C. E., d.a.a.c;. 

liollway. Captain E. J. 

Hill, Lieutenant B. U. 

Hill, General J. T. 

Iremonger, W. H., Esc|. 

Jervis- Edwards, Lieutenant C. B. 
Johnston, Colonel Patrick 
Jones-Parry, Lieutenant J. J. B. 

Kennedy, Lieutenant J. M. B. 
Kitchener, Major H. E. C. 
Knight, Mr. Thomas 

Lakin, Colonel Edmund (the late) 
Lambe, Lieutenant H. J. G. 
Legh, Captain Piers R. 
Lenthal, Colonel R. J. 
Le Quesne, Major C. F. N. 
Lewin, F. T., Esq., D.L.,j.l'. 



■ 


^^^^^B 


^^1 






Recreation Room. Irt Bn. D-CET^^ 




Loflhousc, Surgeon-General R. C, M.D. 


RolKttB, Colonel W. E. ' 




Lowe. Dillon Ross-Lewin, Esc|. 


Rose, W.M. Esq.,]. 1-. 




Lowe, Captain ¥. U., R.A. 


RossUwin, Rev. G. H. J 




Lowe, Wm. Ross-LewJn, Esq, 


Ross-Lewin, Rev. R. 0. D., K.s. 1 




Mander, Ueuienant John H. 


Sergeants' Mess, 1st Bn. D.C.L.L 1 




Mark, Lieutenant E. P. 


Shearman, Mt%. 1 




Marriott, Lieutenant R. C. E. 


Sidney. Captain H. M. 1 




Martin.Atkins, Mrs. F. 


Slabb, Mrs. Sparks 




Maunsell, Major-General T., c.B, 


Stewart. Captain Rupert 




M'Conmck, H«. F. H. J., K.S.A. Scot. 


St. Levan, The Right Hon. LonI 






Slopford, Colonel J. C. B. 




Money Kyile, Culunel J. E. 


^Ireelen, Sod Lieutenant B. S, 




Moore-Sievens. Mrs. Juhn 


StribUng, Captain Francis 




Morris, Captain H. G. 


Stuart, General Charles 




Milne, S. Milne. Esq. 


Swbey. Colonel G. C. 




Murphy, Colonel T. 


TawWc, Major A. C. 




Murphy, Mr. W. C. 


Tcale, Captain E. J. J. 




Newbury, Lieutenant Betiram A. 


Tragcar, 2nd Lieutenant V. F. W. 




Korris. Ueuienant P. B. 


Trethewy, Lieutenant T. L. 




Officers- Mes.. Dqifll D.C.L.I. 


Trevelyan. Colonel H.W. 




Officers' Mess. l«Bn.D.C.L.L 


Trueman. Colonel C. H. 




Officers' Mess. 3ni Bn. D.C.L.I. 


Tritro. Bishop ot 




Officers of Isl Bn. D.C.L.I., for 


TurabuU, Major Chas. F. A. 




presentation to H.M. The Queen. 


Ti-mer, Lieutenant M. N. 




Offi(*r< of Ut Bn. D.C.L.L, for 
Prince of Wales. 


Vigor, Major F. 0. 
Vcrschoyle. Captain L. H. 
Vyvyan, Lieutenant P. E. 




Ormiui, Lieutenant F. I.. 


Walker, Captain H. B. 




Perkins, Captain H. C. 


Ward, General Hon. R M. 




Petavel, Had Lieutenant P, G. 


Wcstropp. Thos. Johmon, Esq. 




Phillipps, Major R. 






Ptoww, Captain C.J. \V..j.r. 


Williams. Mrs. EttU 




Prowse, Lieutenant G. T. W. 


Williams, Lieateianl E. S. 




Kashleigh. Jonathan, Esq. 


Woods. Cfllonel A. S. 




Kawiinson, Lieutenant G. B. M. 


Vitd, Major Frederick. 

J 


« 




_J 


■■^B 







NOW READY. 



iilSTQWL tlEGOKDS of Itie ii4tli QEGIinENT, 

?BOH ITS FOaKATIOH, IH 188*. 



DemySva., 400 pp. : copiously HI ml raltd, and handsomely luimd in Iht Roxbore ilylc. 
Price One Guinea and a Half, Not. 



j{ISTOt{IGj)L itEGOPS of the 79tl| HEGimENT, 

PROM 118 FOBltATWK. IN 1793. 



Price One Guinea, Net. 



Historical Eecords of tlie 53M (Stropsliire) Regiment;, 

1st Batt. THE KING'S SHROPSHIRE LIGHT INFANTRY, 

From the farmatloa of the Regiment In 17Gfi down to taB9. 



AL^O. IN ACTIVE PREPARATION, 

The HISTORICAL RECORDS of the 14th Regiment| 

(West Yorkshire), 

and the 27th Regiment (Inniskiiling Fusiliers), 

J^onbou -. 
SIMPKIX. MARSHALL. iiAMILTON. KENT, & Co., LinriE]), 

■3-1 I'AlEllNOSrF.R Kow. 

A. 11. .s\vrs,s. Ill & 112 roKE street. 



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