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Full text of "The historical register of the University of Oxford, completed to the end of Trinity term, 1888. Part 1"

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OXFORD HONOURS 

I 220-1894 
(THE HISTORICAL REGISTER, PART II) 

BEING 

AN ALPHABETICAL REGISTER OF DISTINCTIONS CONFERRED 

BY THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD FROM THE 

EARLIEST TIMES 



Oxford 

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

LONDON : HENRY FROWDE 

OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE, AMEN CORNER, E.C. 



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MACMILLAN & CO., 66 FIFTH AVENCE 






NOTE 



The separate publication of the Alphabetical Record 
of University Honours and Distinctions, under the 
title of Oxford Honours, 1 220-1 894, has for the present 
rendered superfluous Part II of the Historical Register, 
published in 1888. But pending the preparation of 
a complete new edition of the Register, it has been 
thought advisable to continue to issue the strictly 
historical portion of this work. For full particulars 
of the Honours, &c, conferred since the end of Trinity 
Term, 1888, the reader must for the present be re- 
ferred to the current edition of the Oxford University 
Calendar. 



114972 



CONTENTS 



Constitution of the University .... 

Chronological Lists of the Officers of the University 
The Professorships : their Foundation and Holders 

Readerships 

Institutions, as the Bodleian Library, the Press, &c. 

University Sermons and Preachers 

University Scholarships : their Foundation and Holders 

University Prizes 

Class Lists : their Origin and Development . 
Colleges and Halls, with lists of Heads . 

Non-Collegiate Students 

Affiliated Colleges 

Colonial and Indian Universities .... 



PAGB 

9 

16 

45 

80 

85 

97 

109 

136 

167 

170 

217 

218 

219 



THE HISTOKICAL EEGISTEE 

OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. 




CONSTITUTION OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



The earliest forms of the Constitution of the University of Oxford 
appear to have heen based on those of Paris, though no historical 
details as to its origin exist. The Teachers and Scholars of whose 
presence there is evidence in the accounts of the teaching of Robert 
Pullus (1133) and Vacarius (about 1149) had arrived at some degree 
of academic organization before the end of the twelfth century, the 
existence of Masters and Scholars being recorded about 1185 in con- 
nexion with the celebrated visit of Giraldus Cambrensis. In 1214 the 
Bishop of Lincoln, the ecclesiastical superior of the Clerks thus gathered 
within his diocese, appointed a Chancellor for their government, and 
the Constitution which arose out of such elements has been moulded 
into its present form, in part by the authority of the Crown and of 
Parliament, in part by the inherent self-governing power of the 
University itself. 

It is now a corporate body, known for centuries by the style or title 
of The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Oxford ; 
a title confirmed by the Legislature itself in the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth 1 . It is invested with all the usual powers of corporations, 
and also with various peculiar privileges, such as the right of exercising 
jurisdiction civil and criminal over its members, certain unique 
municipal prerogatives within the City of Oxford, representation by 
two Burgesses in the House of Commons, and in particular with the 
power of conferring Degrees as a token of proficiency in certain studies. 

1 " Be it therefore enacted by the authority of this present Parliament, that the Eight 
" Honourable Eobert Earl of Leicester now Chancellor of the said University of Ox- 
" ford and his successors for ever, and the Masters and Scholars of the same University 
" of Oxford for the time being, shall be incorporated and have a perpetual succession 
"in fact deed and name, by the name of The Chancellor. Masters, and Scholar.'' of the 
'' University of Oxford, and that the same Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the 
"same University for the time being, from henceforth by the name of Chancellor 
"Maxtor* and Scholars of the University <f Oxford, and by none other name or names, 
" shall be called and named for evermore." Stat. 13 Eliz. c. 2'J. s. 1. 



1 I UNIVEBSIT? OF OXFORD. 

TheUniversity also pr< scribes the studies and other conditions requisite 
to the attainment of each Degree, publicly examines candidates, and in 
- publicly classifies them according to their merits. Further, 
ont of funds arising from its own endowments, from the dues levied from 
it- members, from trusts devoted to the encouragement and reward of 
various branches of learning, and from contributions proceeding from 
the revenues of colleges, the University provides through its statutes f«>r 
the appointment of professors and readers in different departments of 
knowledge, and award- scholarships and prizes to its members as marks 
of academic distinction. 

It- ancient privileges have been recognised and augmented by a 
long succession of Royal Charters from the earliest period ; and these 
Charters themselves have been sanctioned by Parliament ; for in an 
Act. intituled "An Act for the Incorporation of the two Universities," 
it is expressly declared, that all Letters Patent of preceding Sovereigns 
granted to the University of Oxford " shall be good, effectual, and avail- 
able in law, according to the form, words, sentences, and true meaning 
of every of the said Letters Patent, as amply, fully, and largely, as if the 
same Letters Patent were recited verbatim " ! in the Act itself. 

From early times ecclesiastical in its character, conformity to the 
tenets of the national Church long remained a condition of member- 
ship ; but since the abolition of religious tests in 1871, the University 
is open, without respect of birth, age, or creed, to all men who can 
satisfy certain constituted authorities (i. e. a College or the Censor of 
the Non-Collegiate Students) of their good character and educational 
fitness, and who are prepared to conform to University discipline and 
pay the requisite dues. Any person who has been admitted as a 
Mi mber is, whilst he remains a member, amenable to the regulations 
of the University, and has access to its privileges according to his 
academic rank, and he can compete for all its degrees, prizes and 
distinctions, excepting that degrees in Divinity are still confined to 
members of the Church of England. The Members at present number 
upwards of eleven thousand. Of these about three thousand are Under- 
graduates, more then eight thousand being Graduates who, after com- 
pleting their educational course and proceeding to their degrees, have 
kept their names upon the books by the payment of the customary dues. 

The government of the University is in the hands of those of its 
Members who have taken the degree of Master of Arts or of Doctor 
in the Faculties of Civil Law, Medicine, or Divinity. These consti- 
tute the House of Convocation, but certain of the functions of the 

» Stat. 13 Eliz. c. 29. s. 2. 



CONSTITUTION. 1 1 

University are discharged by more limited bodies — the Ancient 
House of Congregation, the Congregation of the University of Oxford, 
the Hebdomadal Council, the Vice-Chancellor and the Proctors, the 
Delegates, Curators, and Committees appointed to supervise special 

departments of University business. 

With the exception of rare interventions on the part of the Crown, the 
University had, until about the middle of the nineteenth century, always 
been governed by statutes of its own making. In the course of cen- 
turies such statutes, made from time to time, as occasions seemed to call 
for them, without sufficient reference to previous enactments, grew into 
a confused mass without order or arrangement, with which many of the 
usages of the University were at variance. Many attempts were made 
to remedy this evil, and at length in the Chancellorship of Archbishop 
Laud (1630-41) a digested code of laws, compiled by special delegate, 
was ratified by Convocation under the title of Corpus Stalutorum 
Universitatis Otonien sis, which is the basis of the present Statute-book 1 , 
of which an annual edition is issued by the Clarendon Press. 

Even before tbe completion of the Laudian code in 1636 and down to 
the passing of the Act for reforming the University in 1854 2 , the 
University effected its legislation, and transacted the whole of its 
business as a corporation, in two distinct assemblies, the HOUSES OF 
Congregation and of Convocation. 

The House of Congregation consisted solely of Regent*, whether 
"necessario regentes" or " regentes ad ijlacitum." All Doctors of every 
faculty, and all Masters of Aits, are necessary regents for the space of 
two years after their admission to regency, that is, for two years from 
the end of the term in which they are admitted to their respective 
degrees, Easter and Act terms being counted as one. Persons of the 
following descriptions, being members of Convocation, are regentes ad 
placitum: all Professors; all Doctors of every faculty resident in the 
University; all Heads of Colleges and Halls, or, in their absence, their 
deputies; the Public Examiners, Moderators, and Masters of the Schools ; 
the Deans or Censors of Colleges ; and the Censor of Students not be- 
longing to any College or Hall, or his deputy. The term regi nf imported 
government or superintend: nee in the Public Schools of the University 
over the disputations and other academical exercises which in ancient 
times were performed there. Necessary regents were bound in rotation, 
regents ad placitum were at liberty when they pleased, to superintend 
those exercises, and to examine candidates for degrees. The House of 

1 For the history of this legislation see the valuable preface by Mr. Shadwell to 
Dr. Griffiths' edition of the Laudian Statutes published at the Clarendon Press in 1 388. 

2 The Oxford University Act, 1854 ; stat. 17 and 18 Vict., c 81. 



12 UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. 

Conciliation tlicivfurr comprises all those persons who were specially 
charged with the education and discipline of the University, whether 
in public "f within the several Colleges and Halls. 

Tli. BOUSE of CONVOCATION consists both of Regents and Non- 
Regmt$ t that is, of all persons who have been admitted to regency, 
provided that, from the time of their admission to the degree which 
made them regents, their names have been constantly kept on the books 
of some College or Hall or on the Register of Students not belonging 
to any College or Hall, and that they have borne all burdens and paid 
all lies required of them by the Statutes. The same position is held 
by those who have been admitted to the degree of Master of Arts or 
Doctor in any of the three faculties by Diploma or by Decree of Con- 
vocation ; but a degree conferred " honoris causa " only conveys no right 
of voting. Masters of Arts and Doctors, who, having ceased to be 
members of the University, have had their names again placed upon 
the books of some College or Hall, or on the Begister of Students not 
belonging to any College or Hall, or who have been incorporated from 
Cambridge or Dublin, may, after the performance of certain conditions, 
claim to be admitted to the House ; but no such person is entitled to 
vote in Convocation before the expiration of one hundred and eighty 
days from the time of his admission. 

The Chancellor, or the Vice-Chancellor, or one of his four deputies, 
and the two Proctors, or their respective deputies, preside in both 
Houses ; and their presence in them on all occasions is indispensably 
requisite. The number of regents required to make a Congregation 
is nine at the least, besides the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors : for a 
Convocation no particular number of members is required. In both 
Houses the Chancellor or Vice-Chancellor singly, and the two Proctors 
jointly, have the right to stop all matters, except elections, by an 
absolute negative : otherwise every question is decided by the majority 
of votes. 

For the better government of the University, a sort of Council, 
devised probably by Archbishop Laud, was instituted in 1631 by King 
Charles I. It consisted of the Heads of Houses and the Proctors, and, 
from being appointed to hold a weekly meeting every Monday, became 
known by the name of the Hebdomadal Boaed ; but it was con- 
vened by the Vice -Chancellor on other days also, as occasion required. 
The business of this Board was to deliberate on all matters relating to 
the maintenance of the privileges and liberties of the University, or to 
the due observance of its statutes and customs, and generally to con- 
sider and discuss every measure tending to the improvement or benefit 



CONSTITUTION. 13 

of the University before such measure should be submitted for the 
approval of the whole academical body in Convocation assembled. It 
thus had the initiative in all the legislation of the University, and in 
fact no question of any sort could be submitted to the votes of Convo- 
cation without the sanction of this Board. 

In this constitution of the University the Act of Parliament of 1854 
above referred to (17 and 18 Vict. c. 81) made a considerable change. 
It left indeed, at least it has been interpreted as having left, the two an- 
cient assemblies of Congregation and Convocation : but it added a third, 
which is now called, in the terms of the Act, the Congregation of 
the University oe Oxford ; and it transferred all the " powers, 
privileges, and functions" of the old Hebdomadal Board to another 
body of persons, called the Hebdomadal Council. 

The Hebdomadal Council consists of some official and some 
elected members. The official members are the Chancellor, the Vice- 
Chancellor, the late Vice-Chancellor (for one year at least from the 
expiration of his term of office), and the two Proctors. The elected 
members are six Heads of Colleges or Halls, six Professors, and six 
other members of Convocation, who however may be Heads of Houses 
or Professors, and the six Professors may be Heads of Houses. These 
persons are elected by the Congregation of the University of Oxford 
for six years, in such a manner that one-half of each of the three 
classes vacate their seats every three years, being, however, capable of 
re-election. To this Council, as has been stated above, "all powers, 
privileges, and functions possessed or exercised by the Hebdomadal 
Board" have been transferred, and therefore it has the initiative in all 
the legislation of the University. 

The ancient House OF Congregation remains unchanged in 
its constitution, but it has now nothing to do with legislation in any 
form, and its business is confined almost exclusively to the granting of 
degrees, a matter upon which in ancient times the persons of whom the 
House is composed were necessarily the fittest judges \ 

The new Congregation of the University of Oxford 
comprises, besides certain officials, persons who have resided within one 

1 The framers of the Act of 1854 certainly intended that the old Congregation should 
he superseded by the new, which, as the Bill was first drawn, was to consist of those 
persons only who in these days are engaged in the discipline and education of the 
University, just as the ancient House is composed of those only who in ancient times 
were charged with that discipline and education. But this restriction being opposed 
in the House of Commons, the minister who had charge of the Bill consented to admit 
into the new assembly all resident Members of Convocation. And, shortly after the 
passing of the Act, a legal opinion was given by a lawyer of great eminence, that it did 
not abolish the old House of Congregation. 



14 UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. 

nnli' and a-half of Carfax for twenty weeks during the year which 
ended on the Brat day of September last preceding. The Chancellor or 
Vice-chancellor, with the Proctors, preside at its meetings, as in the 
two ancient Bouses. No particular number of members is requisite to 

make a meeting. Its business is confined almost exclusively to matters 
nt legislation. 

A New Statute having been in the first place framed by the 
Hebdomadal Council, must then be promulgated, after clue notice, in 
Congregation, and the question that the principle of the Statute as 
stated in the Preamble be approved must then be submitted to it. Any 
member of Congregation may propose amendments at the time of 
promulgation ; and such amendments, provided that they have been 
seconded by another member of Congregation, and that they are not in 
the judgment of the Chancellor or his Deputy inconsistent with or 
irrelevant to the principle of the statute as stated in the Preamble, 
must be printed and taken into consideration at a subsequent meeting 
of Congregation. The Council may at the same time and on the same 
paper print any amendments which they may think fit to propose. If 
any such amendments, whether proposed by the Council or by individual 
members of Congregation, are adopted by Congregation, it is in the 
power of either the Council or any twelve members of Congregation to 
propose further amendments. If no amendment be proposed, or when 
all the proposed amendments and further amendments, if any, have 
been considered in Congregation, the question that the statute do 
pass is submitted to Congregation on a subsequent day, of which not 
less than three clear days' notice must be given. "Whenever it may 
seem expedient to the Council, resolutions containing the chief points 
of a proposed statute may be submitted to Congregation before the 
statute itself is framed: and in the event of such resolutions being 
approved, Congregation may refer them to a select committee for the 
purpose of drawing up a statute. No right of negative is allowed to 
the Vice-Chancellor or the Proctors in this assembly, but every ques- 
tion is decided by the majority of votes. A statute approved by 
Congregation is to be submitted to Convocation after an interval of 
seven entire days for final adoption or rejection. 

In the House of Convocation, consisting (as may be said) of all 
Masters of Arts and all Doctors of the three superior faculties who 
have their names upon the books of some College or Hall or on the 
register of Students not belonging to any College or Hall, every formal 
act of the University, and all its business as a corporate body, except 
only what relates to the granting of ordinary degrees, is done and 



CONSTITUTION. 15 

concluded. Statutes, which have passed Congregation, do not become 
binding enactments until they have had the assent of this assembly. 
Matters of special or individual concern, and such as require immediate 
provision, are settled by decree of Convocation. Honorary Degrees are 
given by consent of Convocation, and. it. is in this House also that 
eminent persons occasionally receive degrees conferred out of the 
ordinary course either by decree or by diploma. It is in Convocation 
also that nearly all elections to offices in the gift of the University take 
place. Petitions to Parliament, and other documents which require 
the common seal of the University for their validity, here receive the 
sanction of the academical body. No proposition, however, whether 
general or special, can originate in Convocation itself, either as a sub- 
stantive measure, or as an amendment to such a measure : nothing is 
brought forward here but what has been devised and approved by the 
Hebdomadal Council ; and Convocation has only to accept it in the 
very terms in which it is proposed, or to reject it altogether. 

For the better management of certain matters, chiefly matters of 
administration or detail, Convocation often delegates its authority, or 
some limited portion of it, to a committee chosen from itself ; and the 
persons selected for such committee are called Delegates or Curators. 
Thus there are standing Delegacies of the Press and of Privileges ; and 
others are appointed occasionally to carry up addresses to the Throne, or 
for the transaction of business away from Oxford. These Delegates are 
either elected or approved by Convocation, or are at least nominated by 
the Proctors in Convocation. But of late years Delegacies have been 
constituted with whose election or approval Convocation has nothing to 
do directly. There is a Delegacy of the Museum, of which two-thirds are 
elected by the Congregation of the University, the other third being the 
Vice-Chancellor and Proctors ; and a Delegacy of Local Examinations, 
of which (besides the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors) one-third is nomi- 
nated by the Hebdomadal Council from itself, one-third by the Con- 
gregation of the University, and one-third by the Vice-Chancellor 
and Proctors. And it has been provided by statute, that, of ex- 
traordinary Delegates appointed for the conduct of business within 
the precinct of the University, one-third is to be elected by the Heb- 
domadal Council from its own body, the Council itself having been 
elected by the Congregation of the University. 

The constitution of the University as settled under the Act of 
1854 was not affected by the legislation undertaken by the Commis- 
sioners appointed under the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge 
Act, 1877. 



OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



The Chancellor. 

The Chancellor of the University of Oxford is elected by the 
Members of Convocation, and (unless he resigns in the meantime) 
holds the office until death. Anciently this office was holden for very 
short periods, seldom for more than four years, and for the most part 
by some resident member of the University, until the Chancellorship 
of John Russell, Bishop of Lincoln, who was elected in 1483, and re- 
tained it till his death in 1494. No stipend is assigned to it : on the 
contrary, the custom of many years has entailed expenses on its holder. 

Chancellors from the year 1220 l . 

1220 Lewis de Chapirnay 

Edmund 

Robert Grosthead, or Grossteste, afterwards Bishop of Lincoln 
1231 Ralph [Cole ?] 

Richard Batchden ? 
1233 Ralph Cole 

1238 Simon de Bovill 

1239 John de Rygater 

1240 Richard de la Wyke, or Wich, afterwards Bishop of Chichester 
Ralph de Heyham 

1241 The same 

1244 Simon de Bovill, asain 

1246 Gilbert de Biham 

1252 Ralph de Sempyngham 

1253 The same. This time spelt Sempringham 
1255 "William de Lodelawhe 

125(3 Richard de S. Agatha 

1262 Thomas de Cantilupe, afterwards Bishop of Hereford 

1264 ? Henry de Cicestre 

1267-8 Nicholas de Ewelme 

1269 Thomas Bek 

1273 William de Bosco 

1276 Eustace de Norma nville 

1280 John de Pontissara, Bishop of Winchester 

1280-1 Henry de Stanton 

1282 William de Montfort 

1283 Roger de Rowell, or Rodewell 

1284 William Pikerell 
1285-7 Hervey de Saham 

1288 Robert de Winchelsey, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury 

1289 William de Kingescote 

1290 John de Ludlow 

John of Monmouth, afterwards Bishop of LlandafF 
1291-2 Simon de Gaunt, afterwards Bishop of Salisbury and a Cardinal 

1292 Henry Swayne? 

1293 Roger de Martival, afterwards Bishop of Salisbury 

1294 Peter de Medburn 
Roger de Wesehani 

1297 Richard de Clyve, sometime of Merton 

1 Several names here given rest upon very doubtful evidence. The lists compiled 
by Le Neve, Wood, and others from various sources have in the main been followed : 
they are useful, but must not be relied upon entirely. Grimbald, Beategravius, Robert 
Canutus, Robert Pulleyne, and Alard, are mentioned as having held the office of Chan- 
cellor previous to the year 1220, but there is no sufficient authority for the statement. 



CHANCELLORS. 17 

1300-3 James de Cobeham 
1304-5 Simon de Faversham 
13C6 Walter IGiffardl 

1308 William de Bosco 

1309 Henry de Maunnesfeldbr Mammesfeld, sometime Fellow of Mertcn 
1311 Walter Gifi'anl 

1311 Henry de Maunsfeld, again 

1313-5 Henry de Harcla, Hercley, or Hertley 

1316 Richard de Nottingham? 

1317-21 John Lutterell ; he resigned in 1322 

1322-3 Henry Gower, sometime Fellow of Merton, afterwards Bishop of St. David's 

1324-5 William de Alburwyke, Merton, Principal of Broadgates Hall 

1326-7 Thoinas Hotham 

1328 Ralph of Shrewsbury 

1329 Roger de Streton 

1330 Neale de Wavre, or Wavery, sometime Fellow of Merton 
1332-3 Ralph Rodvn 

1334 Hugh de Willoushby 

1335 Robert de Stratford, Merton 

1336-8 The same, now Bishop of Chichester and Lord High Chancellor 

1338 Robert Pa ynink ? 
John Leech 

1339-40 William de Skelton, sometime Fellow of Merton 

1341 Walter de Scauren, 10 June, on the cession of William de Skelton 

1341-4 AVilliani de Bergeveney 
>1345-8 John de Northwode 

^1349 John Wylyot, sometime Fellow of Merton ; he intruded himself into the 
' office of Chancellor, contrary to the Statutes of the University 

1350-1 William de Palmoma, sometime Fellow and Rector of Exeter 

1354-6 Humphrey de Cherlton 

1357 Lewis Charlton appears to have held the office in this year ? 
John de Hotham, Provost ot Queen's 

1358 John Renham, or Reigham 

1359 John de Hotham, Provost of Queen's, again 

1360 Richard Fitz Ralph ? 

Nicholas de Aston, sometime of Queen's 
1363 John de Renham, resigned 

John de Echingham, or Hethingham, elected on the cession of John de 
Renham ; confirmed by the Bishop of Lincoln xvi. Kalends July [May 17] 
1366 Adam de Towworth, or Toneworth 
1367-9 AVilliam Courtney, afterwards Bishop of Hereford, then of London, and at 

length Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord High Chancellor of England 
1369 Adam de Towworth, or Toneworth, again 

1371 William de Heighterbury, or Heytisbury, sometime Fellow of Merton 

1372 William de Remmyngton 

1373-5 William de Wylton, sometime Fellow of Balliol, afterwards of University 
and Queen's 

1376 John Turke, sometime Fellow of Merton 

1377 Adam de Toneworth, again 
1379 Robert Aylesham, Merton 

William Berton, sometime of Merton 
13S1 Robert Rygge, or Rugge, Exeter, afterwards Fellow of Merton 

1382 William Berton, again 
Robert Rygge, again 

Nicholas Hereford, sometime Fellow of Queen's 
William Rugge ? 

1383 Robert Rygge, again ; he held the office until May, 1388 
1388-9 Thomas Brightwell, sometime Fellow of Merton 

1390 Thomas Craule, Cranley, or Canleigh, Merton, Warden of New College, 

afterwards Archbishop of Dublin 

1391 Robert Rygge, again 

1392 Ralph Rnderyth, Rudruth, or Ruderhith, sometime of Oriel, afterwards of 

Exeter ; held the office Oct. 4. 

1393 Thomas Presl.ury 

1394 Robert Arlyngton, held the office Oct. 11, sometime of Queen's 



18 OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 

1395-6 Thomas Hyndman, or Hendemari, Bometime Fellow of Exeter 
Wi Philip Repyngdon, afterwards Bishop of Lincoln 

Henry Beaufort, afterwards Bishop of Lincoln, Lord 7 Iiirli Chancellor of 

Kutrland, Bishop of Winchester, and Cardinal; held the office Dec. t>, 

1397 
1399 'I homas Hyndeman, again 
1400-2 Philip Repyngdon, again 
1 103-6 Robert Alum, or Halam 
14(.i7 Richard Courteney : held the office April 22 

Richard Dllerston, sometime of Queen's 
1408 William Clynt, Fellow of Mcrton 
14(i'.* Thomas Presbury, again 

1410 William Sulbnrge 

1411 Richard Courtney, again 

1411 John Banard 
Richard Courtney, again 

1412 William Sulbnrge, again 
Richard Courtney, again 

1413 "William Sulburge, again 

William Barrow, afterwards Bishop of Bangor, and at length Bishop of Carlisle 

1414 Richard Snetisham ? 
141o William Barrow, again 
1416 Thomas Clare 

141*5-7 William Barrow, again ? 
1417-8 Thomas Clare, again 

Walter Treugof, or Trengof, sometime of Exeter 

1419 Robert Colman 
Walter Treugof, again 

1420 Thomas Rodborne, sometime of Merton 
Walter Treugof, again 

1421-5 John Castell, Master of University College 

1420-30 Thomas Chase, sometime Master of Balliol ; afterwards Chancellor of 
Ireland 

1431-3 Gilbert Kymer, Principal of Hart Hall 

1433-7 Thomas Eouchier, Bishop of Worcester, afterwards Bishop of Ely, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Lord High Chancellor of England, and at, length 
Cardinal 

1437-8 John Carpenter, Provost of Oriel, afterwards Bishop of Worcester 

1438 Richard Praty? 

1439 John Norton, sometime Fellow of New College 
1440-2 Richard Roterham, or Roderham, Balliol 

William Grey, Balliol, afterwards Bishop of Ely and Lord High Treasurer 
of England 

1442 Thomas Gascoigne, Oriel 

Henry Sever, Merton ; he resigned in Feb., 1443 

1443 Thomas Gascoigne ; he held the office Oct. 4, 1444 ; resigned about Christmas, 

1445 

1445 Robert Thwaits, Balliol ; succeeded about Christmas ; he resigned in the 

latter end of Jan., 1446 

1446 Gilbert Kymer was elected again ; he resigned the Chancellorship May 11, 

1453 
1453 George Nevill, Balliol, was sworn and admitted June 9 ; he resigned the 

Chancellorship July 6, 1457, having in the meantime been elected Bishop 

of Exeter 
1457 Thomas Chaundeler, Warden of New Coll.,. was elected July 6 ; he resigned 

May 15, 1461 
1461 George Nevill, now Bishop of Exeter, Lord Chancellor of England, succeeded 

May 15 ; he resigned the Chancellorship in 1472, having in the meantime 

been created Archbishop of York 
1472-9 Thomas Chaundeler, Warden of New Coll., again ; succeeded in the be- 
ginning of June : he resigned in 1479 
1479 Lionel Widevill, or Woodvill, afterwards Bishop of Salisbury ; he resigned 

in 1483 
1483 "William Dudley, Bishop of Durham ; he died the same year 
1483 John Russell, Bishop of Lincoln, sometime Fellow of New College 



CHANCELLORS. 19 

1401 John Morton, Cardinal, nnd Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord High Chan- 
cellor of England, sometime of lialliol 

1500 William Smyth, Bishop of Lincoln, sometime perhaps of Lincoln College, 
resigned in 1502 

1502 Richard Mayew, or Mayhew, President of Magdalen and Archdeacon of 
Oxford; Bishop of Hereford ; resigned 1506 

150G William Warham, or Wareham, Archbishop of Canterbury, sometime Fellow 
of New College . 

1532 John Longland, Bishop of Lincoln, sometime Fellow of Magdalen and Prin- 
cipal of Magdalen Hall 

1547 Richard Coxe, Dean of Ch. Ch. ; afterwards Bishop of Ely : resigned 1552 

1552 Sir John Mason, sometime Fellow of All Souls, Dean of Winchester ; re- 
signed 1556 

1556 Reginald Pole, Cardinal, and Archbishop of Canterbury, sometime of Mag- 
dalen College, afterwards Fellow of Corpus 

1558 Henry Fitz-Alan, Earl of Arundel, High Steward ; resigned 1559 

1559 Sir John Mason, re-elected ; resigned 1564 

1564 Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, M.A. m f 

1585 Sir Thomas Bromley, Deputy Chancellor during the Earl of Leicester's 

absence in Holland 
1588 Sir Christopher Hatton, Lord High Chancellor of England, sometime of 

St. Mary Hall 
1591 Thomas Sackville, Lord Buckhurst, afterwards Earl of Dorset, sometime (it 

is believed) of Hert Hall 
1608 Richard Bancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury 

1610 Thomas Egerton, Lord Ellesmere, Lord High Chancellor of England, after- 
wards Earl of Bridge water, resigned 1616 
1616 William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke 
1630 William Laud, sometime President of St. John's, Bishop of London, 

afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury, resigned 1641 
1641 Philip Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, High Steward 

1643 William Seymour, Marquis of Hertford, sometime of Magdalen College 
1648 Philip Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, restored ; died Jan. 23, 1649 

Void till January 1650 
1650-1 Oliver Cromwell 
I65i Richard Cromwell 

1660 William Seymour, Marquis of Hertford, and Duke of Somerset, restored 
1660 Sir Edward Hyde, Lord High Chancellor of England, afterwards Earl of 

Clarendon, sometime of Magdalen Hall 
1667 Gilbert Sheldon, D.D., Archbishop of Canterbury, sometime Warden of All 

Souls, but never sworn or installed 
1669 James Butler, first Duke of Ormonde, D.C.L. 

1688 James Butler, second Duke of Ormonde, D.C.L., Ch. Ch. ; resigned 1715 
1715 Charles Butler, Earl of Arran. D.C.L. 
175'.) John Fane, Earl of Westmorland, D.C.L., High Steward 
1762 George Henry Lee, Earl of Lichfield, D.C.L., St. John's College, High 

Steward 
1772 Frederick North, Lord North, M.A., Trinity College, D.C.L., afterwards 

Earl of Guilford 
1792 William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, Duke of Portland, D.C.L. 
1809 William Wvndham Grenville, Lord Grenville, B.A., sometime Student of 

Ch. Ch., D.C.L. 
1834 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, D.C.L. 
1852 Edward Geoffrey Smith Stanley, Earl of Derby, Ch. Ch., D.C.L. 
i860 Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyxe-Cecil, Mabqbis of Salisbury, D.C.L. 

eometime Fellow of All Souls. 



B2 



20 OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



The IIigh Steward. 

The BenesGhallus, or High Steward, is appointed by the Chan* 
cellar, and approved by Convocation. His special duty is to hear and 
determine criminal causes of the gravest kind, such as treason and 
felony, at the mandate of the Chancellor, and according to the laws of 
the land and the privileges of the University, whenever the prisoner is 
a scholar or privileged person resident within the precinct of the Uni- 
versity. The office is holden for life. There is also a Deputy Steward, 
appointed in like manner. The ancient stipend of the High Steward 
is £5 a-year ; the Deputy Steward has £2. 

The privilege of having such criminal causes tried by an Officer of 
the University was first granted by Henry IV in 1406 ; and, although the 
language of his charter is quite consistent with the supposition that the 
office of High Steward was in existence previously, there is no record 
to shew that it really did exist before that time. Indeed the Registers 
of the University supply no name of any High Steward for nearly fifty 
years afterwards. 

High Stewards. 

1453 John Norrys, Esquire of the Body to King Henry VI. 
1466 Sir Robert Hareourt 
1472? John de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk 
1485 ? Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford 
1492? Sir William Stonar 
1494 Sir Reginald Bray 
1509? Sir Thomas Lovell 

1524 Sir Thomas More, sometime of St. Mary Hall ; afterwards Lord High Chan- 
cellor of England 
1532? Sir William Fitzwilliam ; afterwards Earl of Southampton 
1542 John Bussell, Lord Russell ; afterwards Earl of Bedford 
1555 Henry Fitz-Alan, Earl of Arundel 
1559 John de Lumley, Lord Lumley 
1609 Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton 
1615 Philip Herbert, Earl of Montgomery, sometime of New College ; afterwards? 

Earl of Pembroke also 
1641 William Fienes, Viscount Say and Sele, sometime of New College 
1643 George Digby, Lord Digby, eldest son of John, Earl of Bristol, M.A., 

Magdalen College 
1646 William Fienes, Viscount Say and Sele, restored by the Parliament 
1660 George Digby, now Earl of Bristol, restored by the King's Commissioners 
1663 John Egerton, Earl of Bridgewater 
1686 Henry Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, M.A. 
1709 Lawrence Hyde, Earl of Rochester, D.C.L. 

1711 Henry Hyde, Earl of Rochester; afterwards Earl of Clarendon also 
1754 John Fane, Earl of Westmorland, D.C.L. ; afterwards Chancellor 
1760 George Henry Lee, Earl of Lichfield, D.C.L., St. John's; afterwards 

Chancellor 
1762 Hamilton Bovle, Earl of Cork and Orrery, B.C.L., sometime Student of 

Ch. Ch., D.C.L. 
1767 Edward Leigh, Lord Leigh, M.A., Oriel, D.C.L. 
1786 William Legge, Earl of Dartmouth, D.C.L., Trinity College 
1801 John Scott, Lord Eldon, Lord High Chancellor of England, M.A., sometime 

Fellow of University ; D.C.L.; afterwards Earl of Eldon 
1838 William Courtenay, Earl of Devon, D.C.L. Ch. Ch. 
1859 Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, Earl of Carnarvon, B.A., 

Ch. Ch. ; D.C.L. 



VICE-CHANCELLORS. 21 

The Vice-Chancellor. 

The Chancellors from the earliest times, even when they were still 
resident in the University, were assisted in the administration of justice 
and in the discharge of other business by Deputies, whose number 
varied, and who perhaps were often appointed for special purposes 
rather than for definite periods of time. These Officers were for the 
most part called Commissaries ; till in the middle of the sixteenth 
century the title Pro-CFancellor or Vice-Chancellor began to be em- 
ployed, the latter of which, from the year 1574, has quite superseded 
the ancient name. The Commissaries appear to have been always 
nominated by the Chancellors, except for the few years during which 
the Edwardine Statutes, given by the King's Visitors in 1549, were in 
full force. In 1568 the Earl of Leicester set aside the right of free 
election, which those statutes had vested in the House of Congregation, 
and resumed the ancient practice. The office seems to have become 
annual in the earlier part of the sixteenth century. 

Under the Laudian Statutes the Vice-Chancellor is annually 
nominated by the Chancellor from the Heads of Colleges. The Letters 
of nomination are read in Convocation, shortly before the beginning of 
Michaelmas Term, by the Senior Proctor, and the new Vice-Chancellor 
then immediately makes the requisite declarations, and enters upon 
his office. The Vice-Chancellor appoints four deputies, or Pro- 
Vice-Chancellors, from the Heads of Colleges, who are to exercise his 
power in case of his illness or necessary absence from the University. 
The office of late has been generally holden for four years. 

A small portion of the annual benefaction of c£'200, bequeathed to 
the University by Nathaniel, Lord Crewe, Bishop of Durham, who 
died in 1721, and also a small benefaction from Sir Henry Savile, 
were assigned to the Vice-Chancellor ; and a bequest of John "Wills, D.D., 
Warden of Wadham College, who died in 1806, produces about ,£240 
a year for the endowment of the office. Under a Statute, which was 
passed in 1855, the annual income is made up to £600 from the 
University Chest. 

Vice-Chancellors from the year 1230. 

1230 Elyas de Daneis 

1270 Robert Steeton? 

1288 John Heigham 

1301 John de Oseworhd 

1311 Walter Gift'ord 

1325 Richard Kamshale, Merton, sometime of Balliol 

1333 Richard filius Radulphi, or Fitzrauf 

1336 John de Ayllesbury, sometime of Merton 

i:->37 John de Reigham 

1347 ? Hugh de Willoughby 

1348 "William de Hawksworth, Provost of Oriel 
V.M'u John de Codeford 

1368 The same 

1377 Robert Avleeham, Merton 

1382 Fr. Peter Stokes 

1386 Henry Nafford, or Yafford 

1389? John Lyndon, Fellow of Merton 



22 



OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



1391 John Ashwardby, Oriel 

1394 Richard Ullereton, sometime of Queen's 

1396 Nicolas Faux 

1397 William Farendon, or Faringdon, sometime of Merlon? 
1399 John Snappe and others 

1401 William Farendon, again 

IK 4 Griffin Kirkadam 

1405 William Fan-ndon, again 

1406 John Whytehede, University 
1 107 John ( »nnn, University 

1422 John Daventry, University 
1426 Richard Roderham, Balliol 
1 130 Thomas Eglesfield, Queen's 
1431 Richard Roderham, again 

1433 John Burbach or Hurbach, Fellow of Merton 

1434 Thomas Gascoigne, Oriel 
Christopher Knolles 
John Burbach, again 

1435 The same 

Thomas Bonyngworth 

1436 John Burbach, again 
Thomas Greneley, Oriel 

1437 John Gorsuch, Lincoln 
Thomas Greneley, again 

1438 John Gorsuch, again 

"William Hawtrine, Fellow of New College 

1439 John Gorsuch, again 
John Burbach, again 
Thomas Southam ? 
Thomas Gascoigne, again ? 

1440 John Gorsuch, again 

1441 The same 

Robert Thwaytes, Balliol 
William Babington 

1442 William Grey 
William Babington, again 
John Gorsuch, again 
William Westkarre 

1443 "William Dowson, sometime Principal of Little University Hall 
"William W T estkarre, again 

1444 William Dowson, again, sometime Fellow of Merton, afterwards Fellow of 

University 
Richard Hall 
William "Westkarre, again 

1445 W r illiam Dowson, again 
John Selot, New College 

1446 William AVestkarre, D.D., again 
John Moreton, LL.D., Balliol 
William Dowson, D.D., again 

1447 John Burneby, D.D.. Durham College [Trinity! 
William Dowson, D.D., again 

1448 John Burneby, D.D., again 

1449 John Willey, University 
John Burneby, D.D., again 
William Dowson, D.D., again 

1450 Richard Ringstede, D.D., Gloucester College 
John Beke, D.D., Lincoln 

Roger Bulkeley, D.D. 
John Van 

1451 John Beke, D.D., again 
John Van, again 

1452 John Beke, D.D., again 

Thomas Yweyn, alias Chalke, Fellow of New College 
Thomas Saunders 

1453 Luke Lacock 



VICE-CHANCELLORS. 23 

1453 Robert Thwayts, D.D. 
Thomas Saunders, again 

1454 Thomas Tweyn, or Yweyn, alias Chalke, again 
Thomas Saunders, again , 

1455 Thomas Twynge, altas Bonifaunt, D.D., Queens 

1456 Thomas Saunders, again 

1457 Thomas Chippenham, LL.D. 

1458 Walter WynKale, D.D. _ _ 
Thomas Twynge, alias Bonifaunt, D.D., again 

1459 .Tolin Danvers 

Thomas Jaune, or Jane, New College 

1460 Thomas Tweyn, alia* Chalke, again 

1461 William Ive, D.D., Magdalen 

Roger Bulkeley, D.D., Magdalen, again 

1462 William Ive, D.D., Magdalen, again 

1463 John Watts, D.D. 
Thomas Chaundeler, D.D. 
David Husband, LL.D. 

John Mulcaster, D.D., University, sometime of Queen* 

1464 Laurence Cokkys, New College 
Thomas Chaundeler, D.D. , again 
Roger Bulkeley, D.D., again 
John Caldbeek, D.D., Queen's 
Thomas Person 

1465 Thomas Smith, D.D., Magdalen 
Robert Ixworth, Gloucester College 
John Caldbeek, D.D., Queen's, again 
Thomas Chaundeler, D.D., again 

1466 The same 

John Caldbeek, D.D., Queen s, again 
Thomas Stevyn, D.D. , Exeter 
Laurence Cokkys, again 
Thomas Hill, D.D., New College 

1467 Thomas Chaundeler, D.D., again 
Thomas Stevyn, D.D., Exeter, again 
Thomas Walton, LL.D. 

1468 Thomas Stevyn, D.D., again 
Thomas Jaune, LL.D., again 

1469 Robert Tulley, D.D., Bishop of St. Davids 

Thomas Jaune, LL.D., again ; afterwards Bishop of .Norwich 

1470 Thomas Stephvn, D.D., again ; he held the office ten years 

1480 John Lane, D.D. . 

William Sutton, D.D., Principal of Brasenose Hall 

1481 Richard Fitzjames, D.D., Merton, afterwards Warden . 
"William Sutton, D.D., Principal of Brasenose Hall, again 

1482 Robert Wrangwais. Queen's 

William Sutton, D.D., Principal of Brasenose Hall, again 

1484 Richard Mayew, D.D., President of Magdalen, afterwards Bishop ot Hereiord 
Tliomas Pawnton, D.D., sometime of Lincoln 

1485 Richard Mayew, D.D., President of Magdalen, again 

1486 John Taylor, alias Taylour, D.D., Provost of Oriel 

1487 Richard Estmond 

1488 John Coldale, D.D. 

1489 The same 

1490 The same 

1491 Richard Fitziames, D.D., Warden of Merton, again: and afterwards suc- 

cessivelv Bishop of Rochester, Chichester and London 
John Coldale, D.D., sometime Fellow of Queen s, again 

1492 The same 

1493-6 Robert Smith, D.D., Lincoln 

1497 William Atwater, D.D., Magdalen, afterwards Bishop ot Lincoln 

14! is Thomas Harpur, D.D., Merton, afterwards Warden 

14". 19 David Hays, D.D. 

William Atwater, D.D., Magdalen, again 

Thomas Chaundeler, D.D., Warden of Canterbury College, again t 



24 



OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



1500 William Atwat.r. DJX. Magdalen, again 
1601 Thomas Banke, D.D., Rector of Lincoln 

Hugh Saunders, alias Bbakapeeie, 111*., Principal of St. Alban Hall, Fellow 
of Rferton 

1502 William Atwatcr, D.D., Magdalen, again 
Thomas Banke, 1> 1>., Sector of Lincoln, again 
Hugh Saunders, alias ShakBpeere. D.D., again 

1503 John Thornden, or Thornton, D.D. 
John Kynton, D.l). 

Simon urene, alias Fotherby, D.D., Lincoln 

1504 John Kynton, D.D., again 

Robert Trliy, or Thay, D.D., Magdalen 
[506 Simon Qrene, DJX, Lincoln, again 

John Roper, D.D., sometime of Magdalen 
John Adams, D.D., Merton 

1506 John Thornden, D.D., again 

William Fauntleroy, D.D., sometime of New College 

1507 John Thornden, or Thornton, D.D., again 
John Avery, D.D., Lincoln 

John Kynton, D.D., again 

1508 "William Fauntleroy, D.D., again 
John Thornden, D.D., again 

1509 William Fauntleroy, D.D., again 

1510 John Thornden, D.I)., again 
John Mychell, D.D., Exeter 

1511 William Fauntleroy, D.D., again 
Thomas Drax, D.D., Rector of Lincoln 
John Roper, D.D., again 

John Cockys, LL.D., sometime Fellow of All Souls 
Edmund Wylsford, D.D., Provost of Oriel 

1512 Edmund Wylsford, D.D., again 
William Fauntleroy, D.D., again 
John Kynton, D.D., again 

1513 William Fauntleroy, D.D. , again 
John Kynton, D.D., again 
John Thornden, D.D., again 

1514 John Thornden, D.D., again 

Lawrence Stubbs, D.D., Magdalen, afterwards President 
Edmund Wylsford, D.D., again 
Hugh Whytehead, D.D. 

1515 Edmund Wylsford, D.D., again 

1516 Lawrence Stubbs, D.D., Magdalen, again 

1517 Richard Duck, or Doke, Exeter 

1518 The same 

1519 Ralph Barnack, D.D., sometime of New College 
Richard Duck, or Doke, asrain 

1520 William Broke, or Brook, Warden of All Souls 
Richard Benger, Fellow of New College 

1521 Richard Benger, again 

1522 The same 

1523-6 Thomas Musgrave, M.D., sometime Fellow of Merton 

1527 Martin Lyndsey, D.D., Fellow of Lincoln ; officiated until Michaelmas Term 

John Cottisford, D.D., Rector of Lincoln College ; sworn Dec. 7 
1528-30 The same 

1531 Henry White, LL.D., styled Commissary June 5 

1532 John Cottisford, D.D., again, for the former part of the year 

William Tresham, D.D., sometime Fellow of Merton ; he held the office 
15 years 
1547-9 Walter Wright, LL.D. 

1550 William Tresham, D.D., Merton, again, rice Walter Wright resigned 

1551 Owen Oglethorpe, D.D., President of Magdalen 

1552 James Brokes, alias Brooks, D.D., sometime Fellow of Corpus, Master of 

Balliol, for the former part of the year 
Richard Martiall, D.D., Ch. Ch., for the other part 

1553 The same, now Dean of Ch. Ch. 



VICE-CHANCELLORS. 25 

1554 John Warner, M.D., Warden of All Souk 

1555 Richard Smyth, D.D., sometime Fellow of Merton, Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1556 William Tresham, D.D., again 

Thomas Raynolds, D.D., Warden of Merton 

1557 Thomas Raynolds, D.D., again 

Thomas Whyte, LL.D, Warden of New College 

1558 William Tresham, D.I)., again 

1559 John Warner, M.D., Warden of All Souls, again 

1560 Francis Babington, D.D., Master of Balliol, a Iter wards Rector of Lincoln 

1561 The same ; he resigned Michaelmas Term, 1562 

1562 Thomas Whyte, LL.D., Warden of New College, again, vice Francis Bab- 

ington resigned 
The same 
1564-6 John Kennall, LL.D. r Canon of Ch. Ch. 
1567-9 Thomas Cowper, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch., sometime of Magdalen 

1570 The same. He became Bishop of Lincoln towards the end of this year, and 

in 1583-4 was translated to Winchester 

1571 Lawrence Humphrey, D.D., President of Magdalen 

1576 Herbert Westphaling, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1577 William Cole, D.D., President of Corpus 

1578 Martyn Colepeper, or Culpepper, D.M., Warden of New College 

1579 Toby Mathew, D.D., sometime President of St. John's, now Dean of Ch. Ch. ; 

afterwards Bishop of Durham, and Archbishop of York 

1580 Arthur Yeldard, D.D., President of Trinity 

1581 William James, D.D., Master of University, afterwards Dean of Ch. Ch., 

and Bishop of Durham 

1582 Robert Hoveden, D.D., Warden of All Souls 

1583 Thomas Thornton, B.D., Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1584 John Underbill, D.D., Rector of Lincoln, afterwards Bishop of Oxford 

1585 Edmund Lilly, D.D., Master of Balliol 

1586 Daniel Bernard, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1587 Francis Wyllis, M.A., President of St. John's 

1588 Martin Heton, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch., afterwards Bishop of Ely 

1589 Nicholas Bond, D.D., President of Magdalen 

1590 William James, D.D., again, now Dean of Ch. Ch. 

1592 Nicholas Bond, D.D., President of Magdalen, again 

1593 Edmund Lilly, D.D., Master of Balliol, again 
15% Thomes Ravys, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch. 

1598 Thomas Singleton, D.D., Principal of Brasenose 

1599 Thomas Thornton, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch., again 

1600 George Abbot, D.D., Master of University 

1601 George Ryves, D.D., "Warden of New College 

1602 John Howson, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch., afterwards Bishop of Oxford, and 

Durham 

1603 George Abbot, D.D., Master of University, again 

1604 John Williams, D.D., Principal of Jesus 

1605 George Abbot, D.D., Master of University, again ; afterwards successively 

Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, London, and Archbishop of Canterbury 

1606 Henry Airav, or Ayray, D.D., Provost of Queen's 

1607 John 'King, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch. 

1611 Thomas Singleton, D.D., Principal of Brasenose, again 
1614 William Goodwyn, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch. 

1616 Arthur Lake, D.D., Warden of New College, afterwards Bishop of Bath and 

Wells 

1617 William Goodwyn, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch., again 
1619 John Prideaux, D.D., Rector of Exeter 

1621 William Piers, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch., afterwards Bishop of Peterborough, 
and Bath and Wells 

1624 John Prideaux, D.D., Rector of Exeter, again 

1626 William Juxon, D.D., President of St. John's, afterwards Bishop of Here- 
ford, then of London, and at length Archbishop of Canterbury 

1628 Accepted Frewen, D.D., President of Magdalen 

1630 William Smyth, D.D., Warden of Wadham 

1632 Brian Duppa, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch., afterwards successively Bishop of 
Chichester, Salisbury, and Winchester 



2(5 OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 

K. I Robert Pincke, D.D., Warden of New College 
1636 Richard Baylie, 1 ».!>.. President of St. John i 

1 - Accepted Frewen, D.D.. President <>f Bfagdalen, again ; afterwards Bishop 
of ( oventry and Lichfield, and Archbishop of York 

1640 Christopher Potter. 1>.1>., Provost of Queens 

1641 John Prideanx, I>.I>.. Rector of Exeter, again 

1642 Dr. Prideanx, new Bishop of Worcester, haying quitted Oxford without 

formally resigning hi* office, its duties were discharged first by Dr. 
Pmcke, afterwards by I tr.Tolson, Provost oft Wei, as Pro-Vice-Chancellors 

1643 Feb.7. John Tolson,D J)., Provost of Oriel 

N<>\. IS. Robert I'rneke, D.D., Warden of New College, again 

1645 Samuel Fell, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch. 

1648 Edward Reynolds, M.A., Dean of Ch. Ch., afterwards Warden of Mert« n, 

and at length Bishop of Norwich 

1650 Daniel Greenwood, D.D., Principal of Brasenose 

1652 John Owen, M.A., Dean of Ch. Ch. 

1657 John Conant, D.D., Rector of Exeter 

1660 Paul Hood, D.D., Rector of Lincoln 

1661 Richard Baylie, D.D., President of St. John's, again 

1662 Walter Blandford, D.D., Warden of Wadham 
1664 Robert Say, D.D., Provost of Oriel 

1666 John Fell," D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch., afterwards Bishop of Oxford 

1669 Peter Mews, D.C.L., President of St. John's, afterwards Bishop of Bath and 

Wells, and Winchester 

1673 Ralph Bathurst, D.M., President of Trinity 

1676 Henry Clerk, D.M., President of Magdalen 

ltiTT John Nicholas, D.D., Warden of New College 

1679 Timothy Halton, D.D., Provost of Queen's 

1682 John Lloyd, D.D., Principal of Jesus 

1685 Timothy Halton, D.D., Provost of Queen's, again 

1686 John Venn, D.D., Master of Balliol 

1687 Gilbert Ironside, D.D., Warden of Wadham 
1689 Jonathan Edwards, D.D., Principal of Jesus 
1692 Henry Aldrieh, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch. 
Ifi95 Fitzherbert Adams, D.D., Rector of Lincoln 
1697 John Meare, D.D., Principal of Brasenose 
l»iH8 William Paynter, D.D., Rector of Exeter 
1700 Roger Mander, D.D., Master of Balliol 

1702 William Delaune, D.D., President of St. John's 

1706 William Lancaster, D.D., Provost of Queen's 

1710 Thomas Brathwaite, D.C.L., Warden of New College 

1712 Bernard Gardiner, D.C.L., Warden of All Souls, admitted April 1, Dr. 

Braithwaite having been elected Warden of Winchester College 

1715 John Baron, D.D., Master of Balliol 

1718 Robert Shippen, D.D., Principal of Brasenose 

1723 John Mather, D D., President of Corpus 

1728 Edward Butler, D.C.L., President of Magdalen 

1732 William Holmes, D.D., President of St. John's 

1735 Stephen Niblett, D.D., Warden of All Souls 

1738 Theophilus Leigh, D.D., Master of Balliol 

1741 Walter Hodges, D.D., Provost of Oriel 

1744 Euseby Isham, D.D., Rector of Lincoln 

1747 John Purnell, D.D., Warden of New College 

1750 John Browne, D.D., Master of University 

1753 George Huddesford, D.D., President of Trinity 

1756 Thomas Randolph, D.D., President of Corpus 

1759 Joseph Browne, D.D., Provost of Queen's 

1765 David Durell, D.D., Principal of Hertford 

1768 Nathan Wetherell, D.D., Master of University 

1772 Thomas Fothergill, D.D., Provost of Queen's 

177* '> George Home, D.D., President of Magdalen 

1780 Samuel Dennis, D.D., President of St. John's 

1784 Joseph Chapman, D.D., President of Trinity 

1788 John Cooke, D.D., President of Corpus 

1792 John Wills, D.D., Warden of Wadham 



VICE-CHANCELLORS. 27 



1796 Scrope Berrlmore. D.D., Warden of Morton 

1797 Edmund Isham, D.I)., Warden of All Souls 

1798 Michael Marlow, D.D., President of St. John's 
1802 Whittington Landon, D.D., Provost of Worcester 

1806 Henry Richards, D.D., Rector of Exeter 

1807 John Parsons, D.D., Master of Balliol 
1810 John Cole, D.D., Rector of Exeter 
1814 Thomas Lee, D.D., President of Trinity 

1818 Frodsham Hodson, D.D., Principal of Brasenoso 

1820 Georce William Hall, D.D., Master of Pembroke 

1824 Richard Jenkvns, D.D., Master of Balliol 

1828 John Collier Jones, D.D., Rector of Exeter 

1832 George Rowley, D.D., Master of University 

1836 Ashhurst Turner Gilbert, D.D., Principal of Brasencse 

1840 Philip Wynter, D.D., President of St. John's 

1844 Benjamin Parsons Symona, D.D., Warden of Wadham 

1848 Frederick Charles Plumptre, D.D., Master of University 

1852 Richard Lynch Cotton, D.D., Provost of Worcester 

1856 David AVilliams, D.C.L., Warden of New College 

1858 Francis Jeune, D.C.L., Master of Pembroke 

1862 John Prideaux Lightfoot, D.D., Rector of Exeter 

1866 Francis Knyvett Leighton, D.D., Warden of All Souls 

1870 Henry George Liddell, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch. 

1874 James Edwards Sewell, D.D., Warden of New College 

1878 Evan Evans, M.A.. Master of Pembroke, D.D. 

1882 Benjamin Jowett, M.A., Master of Balliol 

1886 Jame3 Bellamy, D.D., President of St. John'a. 



28 



OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



Froctoes. 

The two Troctors of the University were elected anciently in 
Convocation ; but, the elections having hccoine very tumultuous, the 
method was changed by an ordinance of King Charles I, and from the 
year 1629 the choice was made within the several Colleges according to 
i cycle of twenty-three years, which lasted through ten revolutions. 
In 1869 a new cycle of thirty years began, adapted to the then existing 
condition of the Colleges, and comprising with them the Halls jointly. 
In and after 1889 the Proctors will be elected by the Colleges and the 
iirw foundation of Keble College singly, and the Non-Collegiate 
Students and Private Halls jointly, in a cycle of simple rotation by 
which an election will fall to each of the electing bodies once in eleven 
years. The electors are at present all those members of the several 
Societies who, being Members of Convocation, are also, or have at any 
time been, Members of the Congregation of the University, and all those 
Fellows and Scholars of a College who are Members of Convocation. 
Any such elector may be elected to the office, provided he has com- 
pleted four and has not completed fifteen years from his admission to 
Eegency in Arts. The election is made on the Wednesday after the 
first Sunday in Lent ; and on the second (or occasionally on the first) 
Wednesday after Easter the new Proctors are admitted to their offices 
in Convocation, and take their seats. They nominate each two Masters 
of Arts, of three years' standing at the least, to be their respective 
deputies or Pro-Proctors. Each Proctor receives an annual stipend of 
.£350, each Pro-Proctor £80. 

Proctors from the year 1267. 



12G7 Roper de Plnmpton 

Henry de Godfree, or Godestrey 
1281 Eobert de Burgo 

William de Coleshull 
1286 Henry de Wylie, Merton 

Eobert Marmiun 
1288 John de la More, Merton 

Edward Farney 
1311 Thomas de Abendon, Merton 

Eobert de Bridlyngton, Merton 
1313 Thomas de Humbleton, Balliol 

John de la Grave, Merton 
1315 Richard Abell 

William Barnaby, Merton 

1322 William de Skelton, Merton 
Simon de Yftele, or Eifley, Mert. 

1323 William de Skelton, Merton, 

again? 

John de Fenton 
1325 William de Harryngton, Merton 

Thomas de Bradwardyne, Merton 
1327 Anthony Goldesburgh 

Elias Walwayne 
1331 Thomas de Eeading, Merton 

William de Wytheton 



1333 Edward de Wyke, Merton 
John de Gotham, Merton 
1340 Adam de Potthow, afterwards of 
Queen's 
Eichard de Schrovesbury 
1343 Michael de Hamptesford 
* * * 4s 

1346 John Lokes 

William Ingestre 

1348 Thomas de Stretford 
Eobert de Ingram 

1349 The same two 

1350 Eoger de Aswardby, University 
Eobert Frommund, Exeter 

1355 John de MiddeltOn, Oriel 
Nicholas de Eadyngs, Merton 

1356 The same two 

1357 John Josekyn, Merton 
Alexander Ferebrvgge, Oriel 

1358 William Deneby, Oriel 
Eichard de Touworth, or Tone- 
worth, Merton 

1360 Eichard de Tone worth, Merton, 
apain 
Eobert de Derby 



TROCTORS. 



29 



1361 Simon Lambourne, Merton 

.Tallies Staunton, Oriel 
13(33 Richard Sutton, Merton 

Walter Wandesford, Oriel 
1364 Walter Wandesford, Oriel, again 

AValter Remmesburv, Merton 

1366 William Fereby, Balliol 
Thomas Hulum, or Hulman, 

Merton 

1367 Adam Plumpton, Balliol 
Robert Aylesliam, Merton 

1368 Robert Aylesham, Merton, again 
AV'illiam Fereby, Balliol, again 

1372 Robert Hunderhull 
Peter de Elande 

1376 William Wakfeld 

* * * * 

1377 Thomas Lyndelow, Balliol 
John Wendover, Merton 

1379 John de Buritone 

Richard Pester 
1382 JohnHuntman 

Walter Dissy, Uish, or Dash.Oriel 

1392 John * * * 
Robert Rowbery 

1393 Stephen Brakkely 

Richard de AVhelpyngdon, Mert. 

1395 Robert Thurbury, or Thurburne, 

New College 
John Rote, or Roke, Oriel 

1396 John Loke, Merton 
Thomas Naffarton, University 

1399 Robert Thurbury, or Thurburne, 

New College, again ? 
John Rote, or Roke, Oriel, again ? 
Thomas Rodbome, Merton 

1400 John Foster, or Forster 
John Brampton 

1401 John Foster, or Forster, again 
Thomas Rodbome, Merton, again 

1402 The same two 

1403 Roger Whelpdale, Queen's 
Thomas Lucas, Merton 

1404 Edmund Orsoware 
William Colthurst 

1405 Thomas Martyn, Merton 
John Castell, University 

1406 Walter Logardyn, Merton 
Adam Skelton, Queen's 

1407 AVilliam Duffield, Merton 
Richard Flemmyng, University 

1408 Richard Collyng 
Roger Gates, Merton 

1409 Robert Adorn 
Richard Baron, Merton 

1410 Richard Collyng, again 
Roger Orsoworth 

1411 John Byreh, University 
Benedict Brent, Exeter 

1412 Gilbert Kymer, Durham 
William Syniond, University 

1413 The same two 

1414 Robert Cammell 
John Colun 



1415 Henry Woochurch, or Wood- 

church, Merton 
Robert Dinkeley, University 

1416 Robert Dinkeley, Univ., again 
William Andrew, Exeter 

1417 John Alrwarde, Exeter 
Robert Tonge, University 

1418 William Moulton, University 
John Worthille, Balliol 

1419 Richard Heth, or Heath 
Richard Burneham 

1420 Robert Morton, Oriel 
Thomas Juster, Merton 

1421 Robert Beaumont 
John Hill 

1422 Thomas Cotes 

William Kyllyngmersh, Univ. 

1423 John Bedminster, Oriel 
Robert Thwayts, Balliol 

1424 John Bedminster, again 

Thos. Grenley, or Grenely, Oriel 

1425 John Schireburne,orShireboume, 

Oriel 
AVilliam Collyng 

1426 Thomas Lysures 
John Arundel, Exeter 

1427 Henry Sewer, or Sever, Merton 
Richard Babthorpe 

1428 John AVygrim, Merton 
Richard Babthorpe, again 

1429 Richard Babthorpe, again 
John Kvn?, or King 

1430 Thomas Grant, Oriel 
Thomas Eglesfield, Queen's 

1431 AVilliam Tybart 
AVilliam Brandon, Balliol 

1432 AVilliam Brandon, again 
John Halse, Exeter 

1433 AVilliam Dowson, University 
Roger Bulkeley 

1434 Richard Tenant 
Michael Tregory, Exeter 

1435 John Spekyngton 
Robert Multon 

1436 AVm. Croten, or Crowton, Oriel, 

now Principal of St. Mary Hall 
John Kirkby 

1437 John Kirkby, again 
Thomas Kempe, [Merton] 

1438 AVilliam Selby, New College 
Robert Flemmyng, University 

1439 William Orell 
John AVilley 

1440 John Segden, Principal of Staple 

Hall 
Richard Newbrygge, Merton 

1441 AVilliam Saye, New College 
John Killingworth, Merton 

1442 Roger Grey. University 
Thomas AValkington, New Coll. 

1443 AVilliam Fraunces, Merton 
John Tristrope, Lincoln 

1444 Thomas Channdeler, New Coll. 
John Tristrope, Lincoln, again 



30 



OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



1 i i."i William Moreton, Ballio] 
Thomas ( loppleston, Ehceter 

I I 16 William Snanstoii. New College 

William Lambton, Balliol 
11 17 John Gygur, Merton 

Walter Bate, Lincoln 
ills John Baker, New College 

lleiirv Meales 

II c.t John Wode, Merton 

William 1 taniel. University 
1 150 Richard Luke, Balliol 

Wolstan Browne. University 

1461 William Ketill, Lincoln 
Thomas Balsall, Merton 

1 152 John Ekys, Magdalen 

Thomas Reynolds, Exeter 
William Moggya, or MogyB, Exe- 
ter, vice Reynolds, wounded in 
an affray between the scholars 
of Peckwater's Inn and those of 
St, Edward's Hall 

1453 John Yonge, Merton 
John Beymour, All Souls 

1454 Thomas Beket 
Robert Nonnan 

1465 John Marshall, Merton 

"Walter Windesore, Exeter 

145(3 John Brether, All Souls 
Robert Abdy, Balliol 

1467 Thomas Wodehill 

Thomas Bemysley, University 

1458 Marten Joyner, New College 
John Molineux, sometime of 

Brasenose Hall 

1459 Stephen Brereworth, All Souls 
Thomas Lee, St. Edmund Hall 

1460 Robert Ellyot, All Souls 
Thomas Purveyor 

14G1 John Morne, or Morer r New Coll. 
John Thorpe, Lincoln 

1462 Thomas Procter, All Souls 
Richard Dobbvs 

1463 Walter Hyll, New College 
"William Corte, Balliol 

1464 Thomas Pawnton, Lincoln 
John Payntour, Merton 

1465 Thomas Ganne, Lincoln 
"William Whytwey, New College 

1466 Thomas Procter, All Souls, again 
William Appylby, Balliol 

1467 Richard Bernard 
William Sutton 

1468 John Harrow, Exeter 
Nicholas Langton, Lincoln 

1469 Richard Mayew, New College 
George Strange way es, or Strang- 

wich, Lincoln 

1470 William Brew, Exeter 
Thomas Beston 

1471 Nicholas Good, Magdalen 
Richard Davis 

1472 William Major, Exeter 
John Acherley, All Souls 

1473 Richard Fitzjames, Merton 
John Nettylton 



1 171 Richard Bradelegh, Exeter 
Richard Estmonde 

1175 William Bethum, Lincoln 
Maurice Berthram, Bferton 

1476 John Bettys, All Souls 

William South worth, Balliol 

1 177 Roger Hanley 

Thomas Parmenter, Merton 

1478 Geoffrey Simeon, New College 
David Ireland, Magdalen 

1479 Robert Gosbourne, Merton 
John Forster, Dniversity 

1480 Nicholas Balswell, All Souls 
John .Martin, Magdalen 

1481 William Porter, New College 
Ralph Hamsterley, Merton 

1482 Thomas Karvour, Magdalen 
Ralph Stanhope, Exeter 

1483 James Babbe, Exeter 
Robert Lathys, Queen's 

14S4 Richard Trappe, New College 

William ( 'raft, or Croft, Magdalen 

1485 *** Smith 

* * * Inplysset 

1486 Edmund Froweeter, Magdalen 
Robert Arden, Merton 

1487 John Hobille, New College 
William Bokhyng 

1488 John Husey, Magdalen 
Peter Casely, Exeter 

I-I89 William Hewster, Marrdalen 
Robert Boorton, Merton 

1490 John North, Magdalen 
Robert Wykis, New College 

1491 John Wythers, Magdalen 
Thomas Hobbvs, All Souls 

1492 John Davys, Merton 
William Lambton 

1493 John Jolliff, Exeter 

Richard Bernyngham, or Barn- 
ingham, Balliol 

1494 Anthony Fisher, Magdalen 
Robert Dale, Merton 

1495 William Haeard, Magdalen 
William Marbyll 

1496 Rowland Philippe, Oriel 
Thomas Crackinthorpe, Queen's 

1497 Thomas Drax, Lincoln 
Richard Sydnore, Magdalen 

1498 Hugh Brusey, White Hall 
John Lethome, University 

1499 Hindi Brusey, aaain 
Richard Halse, White Hall 

1500 Edward Darby, Lincoln 
Thomas Claydon, New College 

1501 John Game, All Souls 
William Dale 

1502 Hugh Hawarden, Brasenose 
John Matson, or Mackson, Mert. 

1503 John Stokesley, Magdalen 
Richard Dudley, Oriel 

1504 Laurence Stubbs, Magdalen 
Jolin Beverstone, Merton 



PROCTORS. 



31 



1505 "William Patenson, or Batcnson, 

Queen's 
John Goolde, Magdalen 

1506 Edward Col yar, University 
Richard Stokes, Magdalen 

1507 John Lane, New College 
William Thompson, University 
Hugh Poole, All Souls, Senior 

Regent, held this office pru tem- 
pore, after the death of Thompson 
Thomas Bentley, New College, 
was elected soon afterwards 

1508 Robert Carter, Magdalen 
Rowland Messynger, Principal of 

Little University Hall 

1509 Thos. Heretage, or Eritage, Oriel 
Richard Duck, or Doke, Exeter 

1510 John Burges, or Burgeis, Magd. 
John Hewys, Merton 

1511 William Brooke, Oriel 
Thomas Southeme 

1512 Thomas Pulton, New College 
Richard Symons, Merton 

1513 Thomas Mede, Exeter 
Thomas Hobson, University 

1514 Leonard Hutchinson, Balliol 
Thomas Ware, Oriel 

1515 John Cottisford, or Cottysford, 

Lincoln 
William Fossey, All Souls 

1516 Richard Walker, Merton 
Edmund Grey, New College 

1517 Thomas Irysh, Exeter 
Thomas Musgrave, Merton 

1518 John Stevyns,. Oriel 
Roger Dyngley, All Souls 

1519 Thomas Flower, Lincoln 
Thomas Alyn, Brasenose 

1520 John Booth, Brasenose 
George Croftys, Oriel 

1521 Henry Tyndall, Merton 
John Wylde 

1522 Thomas Canner, Magdalen 
Richard Crispyne, Oriel 

1523 Thomas Canner, Magd., again 
Edmund Campion 

1524 Edward Leighton, Cardinal Cell. 
Philip Dale, or Bale, Exeter 

1525 Anthony Sutton, Magdalen 
John Tooker, late of Exeter, now 

of Cardinal College 

1526 Simon Ball, Merton 

Thomas Byrton, late of Magdalen, 
now of Cardinal College 

1527 Arthur Cole, Magdalen 
Richard Lorgan, Oriel 

1528 John Belletory, Merton 
"Walter Buckler, Cardinal College 

1529 John Warner, All Souls 
Thomas Duke, New College 

1530 The same two 

1531 John Pollard 

George Cootes, Cotys, or Cotes, 
Magdalen 



1532 William Selwood, New College 
William IVdvll, Merton, Princi- 
pal of St. Alban Hall 

1533 John Pekyns, Exeter 
Owen Ogelthorpe, Magdalen 

1534 Dunstan Lacy, Lincoln 
John Howell, All Souls 

John Pollet, or Pollard, vice Lacy 
deceased 

1535 Edmund Shethor, All Souls 
John Pollet, or Pollard, again 

1530 William Wetherton, All Souls 
William Pye, Oriel 

1537 Hugh Weston, Lincoln 
Thomas Knight, New College 

1538 Richard Arderne, Magdalen 
Thomas Roberts, Oriel 

1539 William Smith, Brasenose 
John Stoyt, Merton 

1540 Lewis Reynold, Magdalen 
John Man, New College 

1541 Roger Bromhall, or Bromholde r 

New College 
John Wyman, Magdalen 

1542 John Estwyke, Merton 
William Pye, Oriel, again 

1543 The same two 

1544 Nicholas Alambrygg, All Souls 
William Smith, Brasenose, again 

1545 John Stoyt, Merton, again 
Simon Parret, or Perrot, Magd. 

1546 John Smyth, Oriel 

Simon Parret, or Perrot, Magd., 
again 

1547 Edmund Crispyne, Oriel 
Henry Baylie, New College 

1548 John Redman, Magdalen 
Thomas Symons, Merton 

1549 Leonard Lyngham, Brasenose 
Richard Hughes, Magdalen 

1550 Roger Ellyot, All Souls 
Thomas Fryade, New College 

1551 AYilliani Martiall, Merton 
Peter Rogers, Ch. Ch. 

1552 Thomas Spencer, Ch. Ch. 
Maurice Bullock, New College 

1553 The same two 

1554 Thomas Coveney, Magdalen 
Christopher Hargreve, Lincoln 

1555 William Northfolke, Oriel 
James Gervays, or Gervys, Mert. 

1556 Henry Wotton, Ch. Ch. 
Thomas Davys, New College 
William Allyn, Oriel, vice Wotton 

resigned 

1557 Francis Babington, All Souls 
William Allyn, Oriel, again 

1558 Alan Cope, Magdalen 
Walter Bailey, New College 

1559 John Daye, Magdalen 

Edw. Bramborow, New College 

1560 Robert Leech, Ch. ( 'h. 
Thomas Scot, Trinity 

1501 Oliver Wythington, Brasenose 
Humphrey Hall, All Souls 



32 



OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



1562 Roger Marbeck, Ch. Ch. 

er Giffard, Merton 
1663 Thomas Waller. Ch. Ch. 
Roger Giirard, Merton, again 

1564 Roger Marbeck, Ch. Ch., again 

John Watkyiis, All Souls 

1565 Thomas Garbrand, alias Herks, 

Magdalen 

John Merick, Now College 
15G6 William Leech, Braaenoae 

William Btocker, All Souls 
1567 Adam Squire, Balliol 

Henry Bust, Magdalen 
I J James < hamock, Brasenose 

Edmund Campian, St. John's 
1569 .John Bereblock, Exeter 

Thomas Bodlcy, Meiton 
l"7i) Arthur Atye, Merton 

Thomas Glasier, Ch. ( h. 

1571 Anthony Blencowe, Oriel 
Edmund Fleetwood, Merton 

1572 The same two 

1.373 John Tatham, Merton 

Edmund Lilly, Magdalen 

1074 John Bust, Ch. Ch. 
Richard Barret, Oriel 

1575 John UnderhilL, New College 
Henry Savile, Merton 

1576 The same two 

1077 John Glover, Ch. Ch. 

Thomas Dochen, Magdalen 

1578 Ralph Smyth, Magdalen 
Clement Colmer, Brasenose 

1579 AVilliam Zouch, Ch. Ch. 
Isaac Upton, Magdalen 

1580 Robert Crayne, Balliol 
Thomas Stone, Ch. Ch. 

1581 Robert Crayne, Balliol, again 
Richard Maddock, All Souls 
Robert Beaumont, All Souls, vice 

Maddock resigned 

1582 Robert Cooke, Brasenose 
John Browne, Ch. Ch. 

1583 Thomas Levson, New College 
Richard Eedes, Ch. Ch. 

1584 Thomas Smith, Ch. Ch. 
Richard Mercer, Exeter 

1585 Thomas Singleton, Brasenose 
John Bennet, Ch. Ch. 

1586 William Watkinson, Ch. Ch. 
Giles Thompson, All Souls 

1.587 George Dale, Oriel 

John Harmar, New College 

1588 Thomas Ravys, Ch. Ch. 
Matthew Gwynne, St. John's 

1589 John Harding, Magdalen 
John Kins, Ch. Ch. 

1590 Jasper Colmer, Merton 
John Eveleigh, Exeter 

1591 Richard Braunche, Ch. Ch. 
John Lloyd, New College 

1592 Thomas Savile, Merton 
Ralph Winwood, Magdalen 
Richard Fisher, Merton, vice 

Savile deceased 



1593 William Aubrey, Ch. f h. 
Richard Latewar, St. John's 

1594 Henry Foster, Brasenose 
Henry Cuflfe, Bferton 

1595 Robert Tinley, Magdalen 
William Pritchard, Ch. Ch. 

159G Abel Cower, Oriel 

Rowland Searchfield, St. John's 
1597 John Parkhurst, Magdalen 

Richard Trall'ord, Merton 
15'. is Kdward < ■»■<•, Brasenose 

Henry Bellingham, New College 

1599 William Osbourn, All Souls 
Francis Sidney, Ch. Ch. 

1600 Niclwlas Longford, Ch. Ch. 
Laurence Humphrey, Magdalen 

1001 George Benson, Queen's 
Gerard Massev, Brasenose 

1602 Daniel Fury, Magdalen 
Walter Bennet, New College 

1603 Christopher Dale, Merton 
William Laud, St. John's 

1604 William Ballow, Ch. Ch. 
George Darrell, All Souls 

1605 R. Fitz-Herbert, New College 
John Hanmer, All Souls 

1606 Simon Baskervyle, Exeter 
James Mabbe, Magdalen 

1607 Nathaniel Brent, Merton 
John Tolson, Oriel 

1008 Edward Underhyll, Magdalen 
John Hamdon, Ch. Ch. 

1609 Charles Greenwood, University 
John Flemmyng, Exeter 

1610 Robert Pincke, New College 
Samuel Radcliffe, Brasenose 

1611 Norwych Spackman, Ch. Ch. 
John Dunster, Magdalen 

1612 Thomas Seller, Trinity 
Richard Corbet, Ch. Ch. 

1613 Anth. Richardson, Queen's 
Vincent Goddard, Magdalen 

1614 Jenkin Yaughan, All Souls 
Samuel Fell, Ch. Ch. 

1615 Hugh Dicus, Brasenose 
Richard Baylie, St. John's 

1616 Robert Sanderson, Lincoln 
Charles Croke, Ch. Ch. 

1617 Francis Grevill, Merton 
John Harrys, New College 

1618 Daniel Ingoll, Queen's 
John Drope, Magdalen 

1619 Christopher Wrenn, St. John's 
Brian Duppa, All Souls 

1620 Matthew Osbouni, Wadham 
Samuel Smith, Magdalen 
Thomas Fox, Magdalen, vice 

Smith deceased 

1621 Matthias Style, Exeter 
Nicholas Baylie, Corpus 

1622 Griffin Higgs, Merton 
Richard Stewart, All Souls 

1623 John Smith, Maprdalen 
William Oldis, New College 



PROCTORS. 



33 



1624 Daniel Esteote, Wadhnm 
Richard Hill, Brasenose 

1625 Nicholas Brookes, Oriel 
Samuel Marsh, Trinity 

1626 Hopton Sydenham, Magdalen 
Dionyse Prideaux, Exeter 

1627 Hugh Halswell, All Souls 
Francis Hyde, Ch. (h. 

1628 Robert Williamson, Magdalen 
Robert Lloyd, Jesus 

1629 T. Atkinson, St. John's 
William Strode, ( h. Ch. 

1630 Ralph Austen, Magdalen 
Henry Stringer, New College 

1631 A. Bruch, Brasenose, resign ■<< 
J. Doughty, Merton, resigned 
John Earle, Merton 

L. Washington, Brasenose 

1632 Richard Chaworth, Ch. Ch. 
John Meredith, All Souls 

1633 Thomas Whyte, Corpus 
Freeman Pace, Exeter 

1634 Herbert Pelham, Magdalen 
John Warren, Wadham 

1635 John Edwards, St. John's 
Guy Carleton, Queen's 

1636 Thomas Browne, Ch. Ch. 
John Good, New College 

1637 Daniel Lawford, Oriel 
John Glisson, Trinity 

1638 Edward Corbet, Merton 
John Nicholson, Magdalen 

1639 Edward Fulham, Ch. Ch. 
Robert Heywood, Brasenose 

1640 Peter Allibond, Lincoln 
Nicholas Greaves, All Souls 

1011 Baldwyn Aeland, Exeter 

Abraham AVoodhead, University 

1642 Edward Young, New College 
Tristram Sugge, Wadham 

1643 George Wake, Maprdalen 
William Cartwryght, Ch. Ch. 

1614 William Creed, St. John's 
Francis Broad, Merton 

1645 C. Wheare, Gloucester Hall 
John Michell, Balliol 

1646 Richard Wyatt, Oriel 
Byrom Eaton, Brasenose 

1617 Robert Waryng, Ch. Ch. 
Henry Hunt, Magdalen 

1648 Joshua Crosse, Lincoln ' 
Ralph Button, Merton 

1649 John Maudit, Exeter 
Hierome Zanchy, All Souls 

1650 Thankful Owen, Lincoln 
Philip Stephens, New College 

1651 Matthew Unit, Trinity 
Samuel Lee, Wadham 

1652 Francis Howell, Exeter 
Peter Jarsey, Pembroke 

1653 Philip Ward, Ch. Ch. 
Robert Gorges, St. John's 



1654 Thomas Cracroft, Magdalen 
S. Charnock, New College 

1655 Samuel Bruen, Brasenose 
Edward a. Wood. Merton 

Richard Franklin, Merton, vice 
Wood deceased 

1656 Edward Littleton, All Souls 
William Carpender, Ch. Ch. 

1657 Samuel Byfeild, Corpus 
Samuel Conant, Exeter 

1658 George Porter, Magdalen 
Walter Pope, Wadham 

1659 George Philippe, Queen's 
Thomas Wyatt, St. John's 

1660 Thomas Tanner, New College 
John Dod. Ch. Ch. 

1661 Nicholas Meese, Trinity 
Henry Hawley, Oriel 

1662 Thomas Frankland, Brasenose 
Henry Bold, Ch. Ch. 

1663 Hon. Nathaniel Crewe, Lincoln 
Thomas Tomkyns, All Souls 

1664 John Hearne, Exeter 
William Shippen, University 

1665 Phineas Bury, Wadham 
David Thomas, New College 

1666 Nathaniel Hodges, Ch. Ch. 
Walter Baylie, Magdalen 

1667 George Roberts, Merton 
Edward Bernard, St. John's 

1668 Richard White, St. Man- Hall 
William Durham, Corpus 

1669 Nathaniel Alsop, Brasenose 
James Davenant, Oriel 

1670 Alexander Pudsey, Magdalen 
Henry Smith, Ch. Ch. 

1671 John Hersent, New College 
Alan Carr, All Souls 

1672 George Verman, Exeter 
Thomas Crosthwaite, Queen's 

1673 Abraham Campion, Trinity 
Nathaniel Salter, Wadham 

1674 William Frampton, Pembroke 
Thomas Huxley, Jesus 

1675 John Jones, Ch. Ch. 
Edward Waple, St. John's 

1676 Baptist Levinz, Magdalen 
Nathaniel Pelham, New College 

1677 Nathaniel Wight, Merton 
Richard Warburton, Brasenose 

1678 James Hulet, Ch. Ch. 
John Clerke, All Souls 

1679 Samuel Norris, Exeter 
Hugh Barrow, Corpus 

1680 Charles Hawles, Magdalen 
Robert Balch, Wadham 

1681 John Halton, Queen's 
Richard Oliver, St. John's 

1682 Roger Altham, Ch. Ch. 
William Dingley, New College 

1683 Henry Gandy, Oriel 
Arthur Chariett, Trinity 



1 The Caroliue Cycle was disregarded from 1C48 to 1002. 
C 



u 



OFFICEliS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



1684 John Massey, Merton 
Philip Clerke, Magdalen 

1685 William Breach, Ch. Ch. 
Thomas Smith, Brasenose 
Edward Hopkins, Lincoln 
John Walrond, All Souls 

1687 Thomas Bonnet, University 
John Harris, Exeter 

1688 Thomas Punster. Wadham 
William Christmas, New College 

1689 William Cradock. Magdalen 
Thomas Newey, Ch. Ch. 

lG'.K) Francis Browne, Merton 
Francis Bernard, St. John's 

1G91 James Gwillym, Balliol 

Christopher Wage, Corpus 
Adam Lugg, B«alliol, elected 
Junior Proctor on death of J. 
Gwillym 

1G92 William Walker, Oriel 

Benjamin Browne, Brasenose 

1(393 Roger Altham, Ch. Ch. 
Richard Vesey, Magdalen 

1694 Gabriel Barnaby, New College 
Stephen Napleton, All Souls 

1695 John Bagwell, Exeter 
John Waugh, Queen's 

1G9G Homy Edmonds, Trinity 
William Baker, Wadham 

1697 Charles Sloper, Pembroke 
Griffin Davies, Jesus 

1698 Edw. Lilly, St. John's 
Robert Freind, Ch. Ch. 

1G99 Richard Watkins, Magdalen 
T. Mompesson, New College 

1700 John Holland, Merton 
William Thompson, Brasenose 

1701 John Pelling, Ch. Ch. 
Richard Coleire, All Souls 

1702 John Cooke, Exeter 
Edmund Perkes, Corpus 

1703 Samuel Adams, Magdalen 
John Eyans, Wadham 

1704 Joseph Smith, Queen's 
Thomas Smith, St. John's 

1705 Brune Bickley, New College 
Peter Foulkes, Ch. Ch. 

1706 George Carter, Oriel 
Edw. Crank, Trinity 

1707 William Turton, Magdalen 
Hemy Stephens, Merton 

1708 James Smethurst, Brasenose 
Thomas Stanley, Brasenose, vice 

Smethurst, deceased 
Thomas Terry, Ch. Ch. 

1709 William Vesey, Lincoln 
R. Adderley, All Souls 

1710 William Denison, University 
William Williams, Exeter 

1711 William Bradshaw, New College 
Thomas Girdler, Wadham 

1712 Seth Eyre, Magdalen 
W r illiam Periam, Ch. Ch. 

1713 Edw. Morse, St. John's 
Henry Byne, Merton 



1714 Charles Gardiner, Corpus 
Samuel Newte, Balliol 

1715 William Deling, Oriel 
Thomas Dod, Brasenose 

1716 Charles Holt, Magdalen 
John White, i h.< h. 

1717 John Stead, All Souls 

W. Beaumont, New College 

1718 T. Troughear, Queen's 
Robert Rogers, Exeter 

1719 George Shepheard, Trinity 
John Baker, Wadham 

John Chandler, Wadham, vice 
Baker deceased 

1720 Robert Brynker, Jesus 
Benjamin Slocock, Pembroke 

1721 Henry Gregory, Ch. Ch. 
William Holmes, St. John's 

1722 Ralph Webb, Magdalen 
Henrv Levitt, New College 

1723 Richard Streat, Merton 
Rob. Leyborne, Brasenose 

1724 William Le Hunt, Ch. Ch. 
Rob. Eyre, All Souls 

1725 John Conybeare, Exeter 
Barnaby Smith, Corpus 

1726 George Newland, Magdalen 
Philip Speke, Wadham 

1727 John Borrett, Queen's 
John Smith, St. John's 

1728 Carew Reynell, New College 
Robert M ana ton, Ch. Ch. 

1729 George Huddesford, Trinity 
John Woollin, Oriel 

1730 Joseph Andrews, Magdalen 
Thomas Robinson, Merton 

1731 Thomas Foxley, Brasenose 
Oliver Batteley, Ch. Ch. 

1732 Richard Hutchins, Lincoln 
William Wynne, All Souls 

1733 Robert Eden, University 
James Edgcumbe, Exeter 

1734 John Cox, New College 
William Thomas, Wadham 

1735 William Wightwick, Magdalen 
Bern. Dowdeswell, Ch. Ch. 

1736 John Stevens, Merton 
William Derham, St. John's 

1737 Thomas Paget, Corpus 
John Land, Balliol 

1738 Edw. Trahern, Brasenose 
Edw. Ravner, Oriel 

1739 John Whitfield, Ch. Ch. 
Peter Zinzan, Magdalen 

1740 Richard Lydiatt, New College 
Savage Tyndall, AJ1 Souls 

1741 Francis Webber, Exeter 
John Lowry, Queen's 

1742 John Bruere, Trinity 
George Costard, Wadham 

1743 James Le Marchant, Jesus 
John Collins, Pembroke 

1744 Richard Hind, Ch. Ch. 
John Lloyd, St. John's 



PROCTORS. 



35 



1745 Thomas Waldegrave, Magdalen 
Robert Speed, New College 

1746 William Williamson, Merton 
Thomas Cawley, Brasenose 

1747 George Bingham, All Souls 
Joseph Jane, Ch. Ch. 

174S James Fortescue, Exeter 
John Baker, ( Sorpus 

1749 Thomas Townson, Magdalen 
Prince Pead, Wadham 

1750 Francifl Harrison, Queen's 
William Cokayne, St. John's 

1751 George Smith, New College 
Samuel Dickens, Ch. Ch. 

1752 Thomas Chapman, Trinity 
Gilbert White, Oriel 

1753 Christopher Robinson, Magdalen 
Christopher Twynihoe, Merton 

1754 Matthew Maddock, Brasenose 
Edw. Small well, Ch. Ch. 

1755 Hon. J. Tracy, All Souls 
Charles Mortimer, Lincoln 

1756 John Coulson, University 
John Fowell, Exeter 

1757 John Eyre, New College 
Francis Lemoult, Wadham 

1758 William Holwell, Ch. Ch. 
George Home, Magdalen 

1759 William Wright, Merton 
George Austen, St. John's 

1760 John Vivian, Balliol 
Richard Skinner, Corpus 

1761 Thomas Barker, Brasenose 
Thomas Nowell, Oriel 

1762 Ellis Jones, Ch. Ch. 
Richard Scrope, Magdalen 

1763 George James .Sale, New College 
John Long, All Souls 

1764 Thomas Nicholson, Queen's 
George Stinton, Exeter 

1765 William Huddesford, Trinity 
George Smyth, Wadham 

1766 Nathaniel Haines, Pembroke 
James Bandinel, Jesus 

1767 Francis Atterbury, Ch. Ch. 
Samuel Vickers, St. John's 

1768 Benjamin Wheeler, Magdalen 
E. Whitmore, New College 

1769 James Norman, Merton 
Henry Mayer, Brasenose 

1770 William Conybeare, Ch. Ch. 
J. R. Hayward, All Souls 

1771 John Russell, Corpus 

C. Tirrel Morgan, Exeter 

1772 Richard Chandler, Magdalen 
James Foster, Wadham 

1773 Edw. IVnvci bank, Queen's 
R. D. Shackleford. St. John's 

1774 Joshua Berkeley, Ch. Ch. 
John Webber, New College 

1775 Richard Head, Oriel 
Joseph Chapman, Trinity 

1776 Richard AVooddeson, Mapdalen 
Scrope Berdmore, Merton 



1777 
1778 
1779 
1780 
1781 
1782 
1783 
1784 
1785 
1786 
1787 
1788 
1789 
1790 
1791 
1792 
1793 
1794 
1795 
1796 
1797 
1798 
1799 



1800 
1801 
1802 
1803 
1804 
1805 
1806 



John Foley, Brasenose 
Thomas Pettingal, Ch. Ch. 
George Watkin, Lincoln 
Joseph Ingram, All Souls 
John Sarraude, Kxeter 
Philip Fisher, Cniversity 
W. Cooke, New College 
Alexander Litchfield, Wadham 
Charles Williams, Magdalen 
John Randolph, Ch. Ch. 
Thomas Hardcastle, Merton 
.Tames Davenport, St. John's 
Richard Prosser, Balliol 
diaries Tahourdin, Corpus 
William Stalman, Brasenose 
Henry Beeke, Oriel 
Martin J. Routh, Magdalen 
Phineas Pett, Ch. Ch. 
John Coker, New College 
Hon. D. Finch, All Souls 
Henry Smith, Queen's 
Richard Vivian, Exeter 
Edw. Whitley, Wadham 
J. Bankes Moulding, Trinity 
Thomas Phillips, Pembroke 
Edward Morgan, Jesus 
C. Buckeridge, St. John's 
C. T. Barker, Ch. Ch. 
Francis Whitcombe, Magdalen 
Thomas Boys, New College 
Thomas Wright, Brasenose 
Robert Wall, Merton 
Clement Cartwright, All Souls 
Charles H. Hall, Ch. Ch. 
William Filmer, Corpus 
John Cole, Exeter 
Henry Davis, Wadham 
George Hutton, Magdalen 
William Benson, Queen's 
Thomas Whitfield, St. John's 
William Blair, New College 
George Illingworth, Ch. Ch. 
James Landon, Oriel 
James W. Alexander, Trinity 
"William Cornish Ellis, Merton 
Egerton Robert Neve, Merton, 

vice Ellis, deceased 
Samuel Perrott Parker, Merton, 

vice Neve resigned 
Thomas Butler, Magdalen 
John Tench, Brasenose 
William Wood, ( h. Ch. 
G. F. Nott, All Souls 
G. S. Faber, Lincoln 
Edward Rodd, Exeter 
Henry Wetherell, University 
Brian Broughton, New College 
Richard Michel 1, Wadham 
Edward Ellerton, Magdalen 
Fred. Barnes, Ch. ( li. 
I'. Vaughan, Merton 
T. <;. Clare, St. John's 
William Marshall , Balliol 
Richard Budd, Corpus 



C 2 



36 



OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



1807 John Dean, BXBMIMM 
Edward Copleston, Oriel 

1808 William Corne, ( L ( h. 

J. ( loldesbrough, Magdalen 

1809 P. 11. Brickenden, Worcester 
William Everett, New College 

1810 Stephen P. Rigand, Exeter 
Joseph Prnsj Prust, Exeter, vice 

Rigaud resigned 
Henry Wheatley, Queen's 

1811 James Ford, Trinity 

11. 8. Stevens, Wadham 
lSlii Charles Wightwick, Pembroke 
Thomas Da vies, Jesus 

1813 H. N. Pearson, St. John's 
Kenneth M. 11. Tarplev, Ch. Ch. 

1814 William Aldrich, Magdalen 

B. Bandinel, New College 

1815 Francis Rowden, Merton 
Richard Stephens, Brasenose 

1816 E. Goodenough, Ch. Ch. 

C. Wrottesley, All Souls 

1817 Thomas Darke, Exeter 
W. H. Turner, Corpus 

1818 B. P. Symons, Wadham 
William Russell, Magdalen 

1819 William Wilson, Queen's 
Nathaniel Dodson, St. John's 

1820 P. N. Shuttleworth, New College 
A. C. Price, New_ College, vice 

Shuttleworth resigned 
John Bull, Ch. Ch. 

1821 William James, Oriel 
William M. Kinsey, Trinity 

1822 John Moore, Worcester 
Thomas Sherifie, Magdalen 

1823 Thomas V. Short, Ch. Ch. 
James Smith, Brasenose 

1824 John Calcott, Lincoln 
R. W. Huntley, All Souls 

1825 William Dalby, Exeter 
John Watts, University 

1826 G. C. Rashleigh, New College 
Wadham Harbin, Wadham 

1827 Charles T. Longley, Ch. Ch. 
Andrew Edwards, Magdalen 

1828 W. A. Bouverie, Merton 
C. L. Swainson, St. John's 

1829 James Thomas Round, Balliol 
Robert Alder Thorp, Corpus 

1830 Joseph Dornford, Oriel 
Thomas T. Churton, Brasenose 

1831 Daniel Vevsie, Ch. Ch. 
11. ML WTiite, Magdalen 

1832 Francis Gierke, All Souls 
Richard Young, New College 

1833 Henry A. Dodd, Queen's 
John P. Lightfoot, Exeter 

1834 James H. Dyer, Trinity 
William Harding, Wadham 

1835 Edmund G. Bayley, Pembroke 
Robert Evans, Jesus 

Henry Reynolds, Jesus, vice Evans 
resigned 



1886 Robert Hussey, Ch. Ch. 
1 1> my Thorpe, St. John's 

L. A. Sharpe, St. John's, rice 
Thorpe resigned 
1837 W. .1. Butler, Magdalen 

William Meech, New College 
1*38 William Ricketts, Merton 
T. T. Basely, Brasenose 

1839 Jacob Ley, Ch. Ch. 

A. G. Lethbridge, All Souls 

1840 Edw. A. Dayman, Exeter 
James Frederick Crouch, Corpus 

1841 John Foley, Wadham 
William W. Tireman, Magdalen 
John P. Wilson, Magdalen, tiee 

Tireman resigned 

1842 William Monkhon.se, Queen's 
J. S. Pinkerton, St. John's 

1843 A. D. Stacpoole. New College 
William Edward Jel£ < h. ( h. 

1844 Henry P. Guillemard, Trinity 
Richard W. Church, Oriel 

1845 Thomas Harris, Magdalen 
John T. H. Peter. Merton 

1846 Henry George Liddell, Ch. C h. 
Osborne Gordon, Ch. Ch., vice 

Liddell resigned 
Thomas Chaflers, Brasenose 

1847 James Hannay, AVoreester 
Martin Johnson Green, Lincoln 

1848 William Andrews, Exeter 
Thomas Shadforth, University 

1849 Henry Thomas May, New Coll. 
John Cooper, Wadham 

1850 George Marshall, Ch. Ch. 
Wm. Geo. Henderson, Magdalen 

1851 John H. Pollen, Merton 
James Gram Brine, St. John's 

1852 William Charles Lake, Balliol 
Henry Pritchard, Corpus 

1853 Drummond Percy Chase, Oriel 
John William Knott, Brasenose 

1854 Robert Cholmelev, Magdalen 
Edward Stokes, Ch. Ch. 

1855 J. M. Holland, New College 
Arthur F. Stopford, All Souls 
George Fereman, All Souls, vice 

Stopford resigned 

1856 Edward Boucher James, Queen's 
William Ince, Exeter 

1857 Edw.Wyndham Tufnell,W T adham 
Frederick Meyrick, Trinity 

1858 Bartholomew Price, Pembroke 
Charles W. Heaton, Jesus 

1859 Edw. Tindal Turner, Brasenose 
Thos. Jones Prout, Ch. Ch. 
Charles Waldegrave Sandford,Ch. 

Ch., vice Prout resigned 

1860 Robert Gandell, Magdalen Hall 
James Henry Eld, St. John's 

1861 Wm. Basil T. Jones, University 
George Ridding, Exeter 

1862 James Riddell, Balliol 
Thomas Fowler, Lincoln 



TEOCTOES. 



37 



1863 William Chambers, Worcester 
George William Kitchin, C'h.Ch. 

1864 Stephen Fdwardes, Merton 
Francis Harrison, Oriel 

1865 Henry Furneaux, Corpus 
Wm. Wolfe Capes, Queen's 

1866 James John Hornby, Brasenose 
William Yates, Brasenose, rice 

Hornby resigned 
George Earlani Thorley.Wadham 

1867 Thomas Vere Payne, Ch. C h. 
C harles E. Hammond, Exeter 

1868 Chas.H. Cholmeley, Magdalen 
William Gordon Cole, Trinity 

1869 Charles Lee Wingfield, All 

Souls 
Walter F. Short, New College 
1S70 Henry Deane, St. John's 

Henry L. Thompson, Ch. Ch. 

1871 Edward Moore, St. Edmund Hall 
James Lee Warner, University 

1872 Thomas Douglas Page, Pembroke 
William W. Jackson, Exeter 

1873 Charles Henry O. Daniel, Wore. 
Ingram Bvwater, Exeter 

1874 Herbert Salwey, Ch. Ch. 
John Wordsworth, Brasenose 

1875 Charles Lancelot Shadwell, Oriel 
James Eichard Thursfield, Jesus 

1876 John Eichard Magrath, Queen's 
Patrick A. Henderson, Wadhani 



1877 Henry George Woods, Trinity 
Hugh Edward P. Piatt, Lincoln 

1878 William Wallace, Merton 
John Barclay Thompson, Ch. Ch. 

1879 Henry Francis Pelham, Exeter 
William Little, Corpus 

1880 Albert Sidney (_ havasse, Univ. 
Frederick Edw.Warren, St. John's 

1881 Clement Nugent Jackson, Hert. 

( has. BullerHeberden, Brasenose 

1882 Henry Scott Holland, Ch. Ch. 
Arthur Lionel Smith, Trinity 

1883 Walter Lock, Magdalen 
Bowland Edmund Prothero, All 

Souls 

1884 Eichard William Massy Pope, 

Worcester 
William Leonard Courtney, New 
College 

1885 John Lancaster Gough Mowat, 

Pembroke 
John Cook Wilson, Oriel 

1886 Herbert Paul Eichards, Wadham 
Eichard Shute, Ch. Ch. 
Eobert E. Baynes, Ch. Ch. rice 

Shute resigned 

1887 Charles Leudesdorf, Pembroke 
Edwin Bailey Elliott, Queen's 

1888 Fraxklin Thomas Eichards, 

Trinity 
William Hawker Hughes, Jesus. 



38 OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



The Burgesses. 



After several unsuccessful attempts on the part of the University to 
obtain from Queen Elizabeth permission to send Burgesses to Par- 
liament, the privilege of sending two was granted by King James I. by 
Letters Patent in 1604. All members of Convocation are electors. 



Burgesses. 

1G04 Sir Daniel Dunne, D.C.L., sometime Fellow of All Souls and Principal of 
New Inn Hall 
Sir Thomas Crompton, D.C.L., Merton 
1609 Sir William Byrde, D.C.L., sometime Fellow of All Souls, vice Crompton 

deceased 
1614 Sir John Bennett, D.C.L., sometime Student of Ch. Ch. 
Sir Daniel Dunne, again 

1620 Sir John Bennett, again 

Sir Clement Edmonds, M.A., sometime Fellow of All Souls 

1621 Sir John Danvers, vice Bennett 

1624 Sir George Calvert, M.A., Trinity 

Sir Isaac Wake, M.A., sometime Fellow of Merton 

1625 Sir Thomas Edmonds 
Sir John Danvers, again 

1626 Jan. 17. The same 

Mar. 23. Sir Francis Stewart, M.A., Ch. Ch. f vice Edmonds, unseated upon 
petition 
1628 Sir Henry Marten, D.C.L., New College 

Sir John Danvers, again 
1640 Mar. 9. Sir Francis Windebank, B.A., St. John's 
Sir John Danvers, again 
Oct. 17. Sir Thomas Roe, Magdalen 
John Selden, Hert Hall 

1653 Jonathan Goddard, D.M., Warden of Merton, alone ; not elected by Convo- 

cation, but nominated by Oliver Cromwell 

1654 John Owen, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch., alone 
1656 Hon. Nathaniel Fienes, alone 

1659 Matthew Hale, of Magdalen Hall, Sergeant at Law 

John Mills, D.C.L., sometime Canon of Ch. Ch., and this year appointed 
Canon again 

1660 Thomas Clayton, D.M., sometime Fellow of Pembroke, Regms Professor of 

Medicine 
John Mills, again 

1661 Hon. Lawrence Hyde, M.A. 

Sir Heneage Finch, Bart., Ch. Ch. 
1674 Thomas Thynne, Ch. Ch., vice Finch now Lord Finch 
1679 Feb. 27. Hon. Heneage Finch, Ch. Ch. 

John Edisbury, D.C.L., Brasenose 

Aug. 19. Sir Leoline Jenkins, D.C.L., sometime Principal of Jesus 
Charles Perrott, D.C.L., Fellow of St. John's 
1681 The same 
1685 Mar. 17. The same 

Nov. 23. George Clarke, 31. A., Fellow of All Souls, vice Jenkins deceased 
1688 Sir Thomas Clarges, Wadham 

Hon. Heneage Finch, now D.C.L., again 
1689-1690 The same 
1695 Sir William Trumbull, D.C.L., sometime Fellow of All Souls 

Hon. Heneage Finch, again 



BURGESSES. 39 

1698 Sir Christopher Musgrave, Bart., Queen's 

Sir William (ilynnc, Bart., St. Edmund Hall 

1701 Jan. 3. Sir Christopher Musgrave, again 

Hon. Heneage Finch, again 
Mar. 21. William Bromley, B.A., Ch. Ch., vice Musgrave elected for 

Westmoreland 
Nov. 25. Hon. Heneage Finch and William Bromley, again 

1702 The same 

17u:'> Nov. 22. Sir William Whitlock, vice Finch now Lord Guernsey 
1705 Sir William Whitlock, again 

William Bromley, now* D.C.L., again 
1708,1710,1713.1715 The same 

171 1 1 ><■<■. 4. George Clarke, now D.C.L., again, vice Whitlock deceased 
1722 William Bromley and George Clarke, again 
1727 The same 
1732 Feb. 26. Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury, D.C.L., Ch. Ch., vice Bromley 

deceased 
1734 Viscount Cornbury and George Clarke, again 
1737 Feb. 9. William Bromley, D.C.L., Oriel, vice Clarke deceased 

Mar. 31. Edward Butler, D.C.L., President of Magdalen, vice Bromley 
deceased 
1741 Viscount Cornbury and Edward Butler, again 
1745 Nov. 12. Peregrine Palmer, M.A., sometime Fellow of All Souls, vice 

Butler deceased 
1747 Viscount Cornbury and Peregrine Palmer, again 
1750 Jan. 31. Sir Boger Newdigate, Bart., D.C.L., University, vice Viscount 

Cornbury now Lord Hyde and a Peer 
1754 Sir Boger Newdigate, again 

Peregrine Palmer, now D.C.L., again 
1701 The same 
1762 Dec. 16. Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot, Bart., D.C.L., Magdalen, vice Palmer 

deceased 
1768 Feb. 3. Sir William Dolben, Bart., D.C.L., sometime Student of Ch. Ch., 
vice Bagot deceased 
Mar. 23. Sir Boger Newdigate, again 

Francis Page, D.C.L., of New College 
1774 The same 

178*) Sir William Dolben and Francis Page, again 
1784, 1790, 1706 The same 

1801 March 23. Sir William Scott, D.C.L., sometime Fellow of University, vice 

Page 

1802 Sir William Dolben and Sir William Scott, again 
1806 Bight Hon. Sir William Scott, again 

Bight Hon. Charles Abbot, D.C.L., sometime Student of Ch. Ch. 
1807,1812 The same 

1817 June 10. Bight Hen. Robert Peel, M.A., Ch. Ch., vice Abbot, now Lord 

Colchester 

1818 Right Hon. Sir William Scott, again 
Right Hon. Robert Peel, now D.C.L., again 

1820 The Bame 

1821 Ante. 22. Richard Heber, M.A., Brasenose, vice Scott, now Lord Stowell 

1822 Feb. 12. Right Hon. Robert Peel, re-elected after accepting office 

18L6 Feb. 22. Thomas Grimston Bixknall-Estcourt, M.A., Corpus, rice Heber 

June 14. Right Hon. Robert Peel, again 

Thomas G. Bucknall-Estcourt, now D.C.L., again 
1828 Feb. 4. Bight Hon. Robert Peel, re-elected after accepting office 
L829 Feb. 28. Sir Robert Harry Inglis, Bart., D.C.L., Ch. Ch., vice Peel 
1830 Thomas Grimston Bucknall-Estcourt and Sir Robert Harry Inglis, again 
1KU, 1832, 1835, 1837, 1841 The same 
1847 Sir Robert Harry Inglis, again 

Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, M.A., sometime Student of 
Ch. Ch. 

1852 The same 

1853 Jan. 20. Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, now D.C.L., re-elected after 

accepting office 



40 OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 

1864 Feb. 7. Sir William Heatheote, Bart., D.C.L., sometime Fellow of All Souls, 
firr Inglis 

1857 The Bame two 

1859 Feb. 12. Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, re-elected after accepting 
office 
April 29. Tlif same two 
1ST>9 July 1. Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, re-elected after accepting 

ollire 
18Gf> Sir William Hoathcote, Bart., again 

Gathorne Hardy, M.A., Oriel, wee Gladstone. 
1866 Right Hon. Gathorne Hardy, D.C.L., re-elected after accepting office 
1868 Right Hon. Gathorne Hardy, again 

Eight Hon. John Eobert Mowbray, M.A., late Student of Ch. Ch., D.C.I... 
vice Heatheote. 
1874 Jan. 31. The same two 

Mar. 14. Right Hon. Gathorne Hardy, re-elerted after accepting office 
1878 John Gilbert Talbot, M.A., Ch. Ch., D.C.L. vice Hardy, now Viscount 

Cranbrook 
1880 Right Hon. John Robert Mowbbay (afterwards Sir J. R. Mowbray, Bart.) 
John Gilbert Talbot 

1885 The same two 

1886 The same two. 



The Chancellor's Court. 

The Chancellor has jurisdiction in almost all causes, whether civil, 
spiritual, or criminal, in which scholars or privileged persons resident 
within the precinct of the University are parties. For the exercise of 
it a Court is holden every Friday during Term in the Apodyterium of 
the Convocation House, in which the Vice-Chancellor is the presiding 
Judge, and the two Proctors of the University may, if they please, sit 
as assessors. But for the better despatch of business the V ice-Chan- 
cellor appoints some Doctor or Bachelor of Civil Law to sit with him as 
ASSESSOR and to act as Judge for him in his absence. The annual 
stipend of such Assessor is ,£40. The practice of the Court in all cases 
used to be nearly the same as the practice of the Court of Admiralty : 
but by new Rules, made in pursuance of the Act 25 and 26 Vict. c. 26. 
s. 12, the form of procedure in civil cases, since March 1, 1865, very 
much resembles the form in County Courts. Appeals from it may be 
made, first to the House of Congregation, then to the House of Convo- 
cation, (for which purpose Delegates to hear appeals are annually 
appointed in each House,) and finally, if the three judgments differ, to 
the Queen in Chancery. 

The Registear of the Court is appointed by the Chancellor. 
He must be a Master of Arts or a Bachelor of Civil Law. Besides the 



TUBLIC ORATORS. 41 

duty of registering the several Acts and Orders of the Court, it is part 
of his office to attend at and to record the admissions of Principals to 
the several Halls, and to perform all manner of business, whether of 
contentious or voluntary jurisdiction, arising from the authority of thu 
Chancellor. 

Proctors ad lites, three in number at the least, who must he 
Masters of Arts or Bachelors of Civil Law, or else either Barristers <>r 
Solicitors, are appointed and admitted by the Vice-Chancellor to 
practise in the Court. 

Assessors from the year 1626. 

1626 Richard Zouch, D.C.L., Fellow of New College; Regius Professor of Civil 

Law; Principal of St. Alban Hall 
1634 Giles Sweit, D.C.L., Regius Professor of Civil Law; Principal of St Alban 

Hall 
1662 Leoline Jenkins, D.C.L., Principal of Jesus; Burgess 
1667 Henrv Deane, D.C.L., Fellow of New College 
1670 Joseph Taylor, D.C.L., St. John's 
1676 Thomas Bouchier, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls; Regius Professor of Civil 

Law; Principal of St. Alban Hall 
1680 Charles Perrott, D.C.L., Fellow of St. John's ; Burgess 
1693 George Gardiner, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls 
1706 Thomas AVood, D.C.L., Fellow of New College 
1710 James Bouchier, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls ; Regius Professor of Civil Law ; 

Principal of St. Alban Hall 
1748 Henry Brooke, D.C.L., Fellow of New College ; Regius Professor of Civil 

Law 
1753 William Blackstone, D.C.L. ; Fellow of All Souls; Vinerian Professor of 

Common Law; Principal of New Inn Hall 
1760 Robert Chambers, B.C.L., Fellow of University and Vinerian Professor of 

Common Law; Principal of New Inn Hall 
1773 John Cox, B.C.L., St. Mary Hall 
1798 George Lethicullier Schoen, D.C.L. , St. John's 

1801 James Blackstone, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls ; Principal of New Inn Hall 
1812 John David Macbride, D.C.L., sometime Fellow of Exeter ; Principal of 

Magdalen Hall, and Lord Almoner's Professor of Arabic 
1840 John Robert Kenyon, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls ; Vinerian Professor of 

Common Law 
1859 Mountague Bernard, B.C.L., All Souls, Chichele Professor of International 

Law and Diplomacy ; D.C.L. 
1871 Arthur Robarts Adams, D.C.L., Fellow of St. John's 

1876 Thomas Erskine Holland, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls ; Chichele Pro- 
fessor of International Law and Diplomacy. 



The Public Orator. 

The office of Public Orator was first permanently established in 1564, 
the previous custom being that the Chancellor or Vice-Chancellor 
selected some fit person on each occasion to perform the duties attached 
to it. It is his business to write letters and addresses and to make 
orations in the name of the University upon public occasions, to present 
those on whom the honorary degree of Master of Arts is to be conferred, 
and to deliver the annual Creweian Oration alternately with the Pro- 
fessor of Poetry. He is one of those appointed to adjudge several of 



12 OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 

the University Prizes. He must be a Member of Convocation, and is 
elected by that body. The stipend originally assigned to the office was 
a yearly pension of twenty imblos, X'C, 1.5s. 4<1., from the University 
Chest ; which was increased in 1811 by a grant of ,£70, and again in 
L866 by a still further giant of £60, making a total of £130 from the 
Bame BOnrce, and by X'"J0 from Lord Crewe's benefaction. 

In 1636 King Charles I. annexed a Canon ry of Christ Church to this 
office: hut the grant, never having been eonfirmed by Act of Parlia- 
ment, was disregarded in 1660, when Robert South was elected Oiator ; 
and, although hewas made a Canon ten years afterwards, that dignity 
has not been conferred on any of his successors. 

A Statute made by the University Commissioners in 1881 renders 
the Public Orator subject to the jurisdiction of the Visitatorial Board 
created by the same Statute. 

Orators. 

1564 Koger Marbeck, MJL, Student of Ch. Ch. ; afterwards Canon of Ch. Ch. and 

Provost of Oriel 
1566 Tin unas Kingsmill, M.A., Fellow of Magdalen; afterwards Regius Professor 

of Hebrew 
1569 Toby Mathew, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. ; afterwards Archbishop of York 
1572 Arthur Atye, M.A., Fellow of Merton, and Principal of Aiban Hall 
1582 Thomas Smyth, M.A., Stndent of Ch. Ch. 
1594 Thomas Wenman, M.A., Balliol 
1597 Thomas Cole, MA., Fellow of Corpus 
liWl William .lames, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 
1604 Isaac Wake, M.A., Fellow of Merton 
1621 John King, M.A., Stndent, afterwards Canon, of Ch. Ch. 
1625 Philip King, M.A., Fellow of Exeter 
1629 William Strode, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 
1645 Henry Hammond, D.D., sometime Fellow of Magdalen 
1648 Edward Corbet, M.A., sometime Fellow of Merton 
1648 Ralph Button, M.A., Fellow of Merton 
1660 Robert South, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 
1677 Thomas Cradocke, M.A., Fellow of Magdalen 

1679 William Wvatt, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch.; Principal of St. Mary Hall 
1712 Di.eby Cotes, M.A., Fellow of All Souls ; Principal of Magdalen Hall 
1746 Thomas Lisle, D.D., Fellow of Magdalen 
1749 Roger Mather, M.A., Fellow of Brasenose 
17(30 Thomas Nowell, M.A., Fellow of Oriel ; Principal of St. Mary Hall, D.D., 

and Regius Professor of Modern History 
1776 .lames Bandinel, B.D., Fellow of Jesus 
1784 William Crowe, B.C.L., Fellow of New College 
1829 John Antonv Cramer, M. A., sometime Student of Ch. Ch. ; Principal of 

New Inn Hall, D.D. 
1842 "William Jacobson, M.A., Vice-Principal of Magdalen Hall, sometime 

Fellow of Exeter ; afterwards Regius Professor of Divinity 
1848 Richard Miehell, B.D., Vice-Principal of Magdalen Hall, sometime Fellow 

of Lincoln and Pra?lector of Logic ; afterwards Principal of Magdalen 

Hall, D.D., Principal of Hertford College 
1877 Thomas Francis Dallin, M.A., sometime Fellow of Queen's 
1880 William Walter Merry, M.A., Fellow, afterwards Rector, of Lincoln; 

D.D. 



KEEPER OF THE ARCHIVES. 43 



Clebks of the Market. 

Control of the Market, in order to secure fair dealing in provisions of 
all kinds, was granted to the Chancellor l>y King Edward III. in 1355. 
In the days when prices were fixed by authority it was the Chancellor 
who fixed them in Oxford ; and whatever jurisdiction in such matters 
can now be exercised by magistrates anywhere is exercised by the 
Chancellor or Vice-Chancellor here. Two Clerks of the Market are 
annually appointed, one by the Chancellor, the other by the Vice- 
Chancellor. They must be either Principals of Halls, Masters of i^rts, 
or Bachelors of Divinity, Medicine, or Law. The stipend of each 
Clerk is fixed by Statute at ,£26 a year. There is also a Deputy 
Clerk. 



The Keeper oe the Archives. 

This office was instituted in 1634. It is the Keeper's duty to take 
charge of and to arrange all the muniments and papers concerning 
either the Estates, Possessions, Eights, and Privileges of the Univer- 
sity, or the Endowments of Professorships, and all the Eegisters and 
Records of the University. He is a Delegate of Privileges ex officio. 
He is elected by Convocation. The yearly stipend of the office, origin- 
ally ^40, was raised in 1828 to ,£'100, but was restored to <£'40 in 
1884, in w T hich year a further endowment calculated to produce about 
,£63 annually was secured to the office by the liberality of the then 
Keeper, Dr. Griffiths. 

A Statute made by the University Commissioners in 1881 renders 
the Keeper of the Archives subject to the jurisdiction of the Visitatorial 
Board created by the same Statute. 

Keepers. 

1634 Brian Twine. B.D., sometime Fellow of Corpus 
1644 Gerard Langbaine, M.A., Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Queen's 
1658 John Wallis, D.D., Exeter, Savilian Professor of Geometry 
1703 Bernard Gardiner, D.C.L., Warden of All Souls 
1726 Francis Wise, M.A., Fellow of Trinity 
1767 John Swinton, B.D., sometime Fellow of Wadham 
1777 Benjamin Buckler, D.D., Fellow of All Souls 

1781 Hon. Thomas Francis Wenman, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls ; Begins Pro- 
fessor of Civil Law 
1796 WhittiiiL'ton Landon, D.D., Provost of Worcester 
1815 James Ingram, B.D., Fellow, afterwards President, of Trinity 
1818 George Leigh Cooke, B.D., Fellow of Corpus, and Sedleian Professor of 

Natural Philosophy 
1826 Philip Bliss, D.C.L., Fellow of St. John's; Principal of St. Mary Hall 
1857 John Griffiths, M.A., sometime Fellow, afterwards Warden, of Wadham; 

D.D. 
1885 Thomas Verb Bayxe, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 



4 1 OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 



The Registrar. 

The Registrar of the University is dieted by Convocation. He 
must be B Muster (»!' Arts or ;t Bachelor of Civil Law. He attends all 
meetings of the BebdomadaJ Council, of both Congregations, and 
of Convocation, and registers all acts, such as Graces, Admissions to 
I '■ _:• i b, Eli ctions, Decrees, Statutes, Letters, Addresses, Leases, and 
other documents to which the common seal of the University is 
affixed. The emoluments of the office formerly varied, depending on 
the number of persons admitted to degrees and on other circumstances: 
the annual stipend is now fixed at X'600. A Statute made by the 
University Commissioners in 1881 renders the Registrar subject to 
the jurisdiction of the Visitatorial Board created by the same Statute. 

Registrars from the year 1508. 

John London, M.A., Fellow of New College, died in 1508 

1508 Ralph Barnack, Ul, Fellow of New College 

1">17 Thomas Fykes, or Fyghtkeys, M.A., Fellow of New College 

1521 James Turbervyle, M.A., Fellow of New College 

1524 William Tresham, M.A., Merton 

1529 Robert Taller, 31. A., Merton ; Principal of St. Alban Hall 

1532 Richard Smyfche, M.A. 

1535 Thomas Key, M.A., Fellow of All Souls ; afterwards Master of University 

1552 William Standish, M.A., Magdalen 

1579 Richard Cullen, M.A., Magdalen 

158'J James Hussey, M.A., sometime Fellow of New College ; afterwards Prin- 
cipal of Magdalen Hall 

1600 Maurice Merick, M.A., sometime Fellow of New College 

1608 Thomas French, M.A., Merton 

1629 John French, M.A., Merton 

1651 William Whittingham, B.C.L., Oriel 

1659 Benjamin Cooper, M.A., Merton 

1701 George Coorer, M.A., Merton 

1 T: »7 Henry Fisher, M.A., Jesus 

1701 Samuel Forster, M.A., Fellow of Wadham 

1797 John Gutch, M.A., All Souls 

1824 Philip Bliss, D.C.L., Fellow of St. John's ; afterwards Principal of St. Mary- 
Hall 

1853 Edward Wetherell Rowden. M.A. sometime Fellow of New College ; D.C.L. 

1870 Edward Tindal Tcknkr, M.A., Fellow of Brasenose. 



45 



PKOFESSOESHIPS. 



The pages immediately following contain an account of the founda- 
tion of each of the Professorships now existing within the University, 
and of the manner in which the appointments to them are made. 

It should here be mentioned that one of the chief features in the legis- 
lation carried out by the University Commissioners under the Act of 
1877 was the augmentation of the value of many of the Professor- 
ships, by attaching to them Fellowships and other emoluments drawn 
from the revenues of Colleges, while the endowment of many new Chairs 
has been provided for from the same sources. 

As a general rule Professorships are now tenable for life. Except 
in the case of those Chairs the appointment to which belongs to the 
Crown, and of a few others, the election to every Professorship is vested 
in an Electoral Board consisting of not fewer than five or more than 
seven members, and provision is made for the representation on each 
Board of the College (if any) from whose revenues the Professorship is 
endowed or augmented. 

The general duties of Professors are regulated under a Statute made 
by the Commissioners defining the amount of residence, number of 
lectures, and course of instruction required of each. The particular 
duties assigned to each Professor are partly regulated by the same 
Statute, and partly by Statutes made by the same Commissioners for the 
several Professorships. Under another Statute of the Commissioners, a 
Visitatorial Board has been constituted, consisting of the Vice-Chan- 
cellor and six other members of the University of the degree of M.A. 
at the least, to which is committed the duty of enforcing the per- 
formance of the obligations attaching to the Professorships. 



Regius Professorships of Divinity, Ciyll Law, Medicine, 
Hebrew, and Greek. 

These five Professorships, founded by King Henry VIII, were settled 
and confirmed by him in 1546. To each of them he assigned a yearly 
stipend of ,£40, to be paid by the Dean and Chapter of Westminster, 
then newly founded ; but they relieved themselves of the charge by 
making over to the King certain estates with which he had partly en- 
dowed them, and the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church were then 
charged by the King with the payment of the stipends of the Professors 
of Divinity, Hebrew, and Greek ; the Professors of Civil Law and 
Medicine receiving theirs from the Royal Exchequer. The appointment 
to each Professorship is made by the Crown. 



4G PBOFESSOES. 



Kit, I US PROFESSORSHIP OF DIVINITY. 

King James T augmented Hie endowment of this Professorship by 

annexing to the Chair, in 1605, a Canonry of Christ Church and the 

Rectory <>f Ewelme in Oxfordshire. The Pectory was subsequently 

red from the Professorship by an Act of Parliament passed in 1873. 

Professor 8. 

Richard 1 Smyth, DJX, Fellow of Merton, and Principal of St, Alban Hall 
1548 Peter Martyr, D.D., ofthe University of Padua, Canon of Ch. Ch. 
1554 Richard Smyth again; Canon ofCh. Ch. 

1556 Joannee Fraterculoe (a Spaniard), B.D., Divinity Reader of Magdalen 
College 

1559 Richard Smyth again 

1560 Lawrence Humphrey, M.A., Fellow, afterwards President, of Magdalen ; 

D.D. 
1589 Thomas Holland, D.D., Fellow of Balliol : Rector of Exeter 
1612 Robert Abbot, D.D., Master of Balliol ; afterwards Bishop of Salisbury 
1615 John Prideaux, D.D., Rector ot Exeter ; afterwards Bishop of Worcester 
1642 Robert Sanderson, D.D., sometime Fellow of Lincoln 
1648 Robert Crosse, B.D., Fellow of Lincoln 

Joshua Hoyle, D.D., Master of University 
1654 John Conant, D.D., Bector of Exeter 

l(",(',i) Robert Sanderson, D.D., restored : afterwards Bishop of Lincoln 
1661 William Creed, D.I)., sometime Fellow of St. John's 
1663 Richard AUestree, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch. 
L680 William Jane, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch. 

17U7 John Potter, D.D., Fellow of Lincoln; Bishop of Oxford ; afterwards Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury 
17:"!7 George Bye, D.D., sometime Fellow of Oriel ; Archdeacon of Oxford 
1741 John Fanshawe, D.D., Student of Ch. Ch., and Regius Professor of Greek 
1763 Edward Bentham, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch. 
]7ii> Benjamin "Wheeler, D.D., Fellow of Magdalen 
1783 John Randolph, D.D., Student of Ch. Ch., Professor of Poetry, and Regius 

Professor of Greek ; Bishop of Oxford ; afterwards Bishop of Bangor, then 

of London 
1*07 Charles Henry Hall, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch. ; afterwards Dean 
1809 "William Howley, D.D., Canon of Ch. Ch ; afterwards Bishop of London, 

Archbishop of Canterbury 
1813 William Van Mildert, D.D., Queen's ; afterwards Bishop of Llandaff and 

] >ean of St. Paul's, Bishop of Durham 
1820 Frodsham Hodson, D.D., Principal of Brasenose 
1822 Charles Lloyd, Student of Ch. Ch. : Bishop of Oxford 
1829 Edward Burton, D.D., Student of Ch. Ch. 
1836 Bonn Dickson Hampden, D.D., Principal of St. Mary Hall ; afterwards 

Bishop of Hereford 
1848 William Jacobson, M.A., Yiee-Prncipal of Magdalen Hall and Public 

Orator, sometime Fellow of Exeter ; D.D., afterwards Bishop of 

( heater 
1865 Robert Payne Smith, M.A., Pembroke ; D.D. ; afterwards Dean of 

Canterbury 
1*71 James Bowling Mozley, B.D., sometime Fellow of Magdalen ; D.D. 
1878 "William Ikcb, M.A., Fellow of Exeter ; D.D. 



REGIUS PROFESSORSHIP OF MEDICINE. 47 



Eegius Professorship of Civil Law. 

King James I augmented the endowment of this Professorship by 
annexing to the Chair, in 1617, a Lay Prebend in the Church of 
Salisbury, since commuted for an annual payment ot ,£100 by the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners. The existing Professor at present re- 
ceives an additional stipend of ,£300 a-year from the University Chest 

Under Statutes made for All Souls College by the University Com- 
missioners of 1877 the endowment of the Professorship is to be aug- 
mented to £700 a-year from the College revenues, and a Fellowship 
in the College, with an emolument of £200 a-year, is also to be attached 
to the Chair. 

In connexion with this Professorship a temporary Readership of 
Roman Law has been established, for particulars of which see post, 
p. 81. 

Professors. 

1546 John Story, D.C.L., Principal of Broadpates Hall 

1553 William Aubrey, B.C.L., Fellow of All Souls and Principal of New Inn 

Hall ; D.C.L. 

1554 William Mowse, or Mosse, D.C.L. 

1559 John Griffith, B.C.L., Fellow of All Souls; Principal of New Inn Hall, 
D.C.L. 

1566 Robert Loupher, or Lufter, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls and Principal of 
New Inn Hall 

1577 Griffith or Griffin Lloyd, D.C.L., Principal of Jesus 

1587 Albericus Gentilis, D.C.L., incorporated from the University of Perugia 

1611 John Budden, D.C.L., Principal of New Inn Hall and afterwards of Broad- 
pates Hall 

1620 Richard Zouch, D.C.L., Fellow of New College ; Principal of St. Alban Hall 

1661 Giles Sweit, D.C.L., Principal of St. Alban Hall 

1672 Thomas Bouchier, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls; Principal of St. Alban Hall 

1712 James Bouchier, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls; Principal of St. Alban Hall 

173(1 Henry Brooke, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls 

1754 Bobert Jenner, D.C.L., Trinity 

1767 Bobert Vansittart, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls 

1789 Hon. Thomas Francis Wenman, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls, and Keeper of 
the Archives 

1796 French Laurence, D.C.L., Fellow of Corpus 

1809 Joseph Phillimore, D.C.L., sometime Student of Ch. Ch. 

1855 Travers Twiss, D.C.L., Fellow of University 

1870 James Bkyce, B.C.L., Fellow of Oriel ; D.C.L. 



PiEGius Professorship op Medicine. 

King James I augmented the endowment of this Professorship by 
annexing to the Chair, in 1617, the Mastership of the Hospital at 
Ewelme in Oxfordshire. The endowment was further augmented by 
the addition of the Toinlins Prselectorship of Anatomy, in 1624, and of 



H PROFESSORS. 

the Aldrichian Professorship of Anatomy, in 1803. Theso however 
were separated from thr Begins Professorship by a Statute approved 
by the Queen in Council in 1868, and the Aldricluan Professorship of 
the Practice of Medicine, with an emolument of about ,£130 a-year, 
was then annexed to the Chair. The Professor acts as an Examiner in 
all examinations for Degrees in Medicine granted by the University. 

Trofi won, 

1546 John Warner, DJM .Warden of AH Boula 

1554 Thomas Francis, D.M., ( h.Ch.: alp iu::>!- I 'rovost of Queen's 

1561 Walter Bailey, B M . Felloe ofNe* Colli 

1582 Anthony Aylworth, D.M., Fellow of New College 

[J ■, Bartholomew Warner, D.M., St. John's 

ltil2 Thomas Clayton, P.M., J Julliol ; Principal of Broadgates Hall, Master ai 

Pembroke 
1647 Thomas Clayton, D.M., sometime Fellow of Pembroke : Warden ofMerton 
1665 James Hyde, P.M., Principal of Magdalen Hall 
L681 John Luffe, D.M., St Mary Hall 
1698 Thomas Boy, D.M., Fellow of St. John's 
1718 Joshua Lasher, P.M., Fellow of St. John's 
17l'9 William Beauvoix, D.M., sometime Fellow of Pembroke 
1730 William Woodford, P.M., Fellow ofNew College 
1759 John Kelly, P.M., Btudent of Ch. Ch. 
1772 "William Vivian, P.M., Fellow of Corpus 

1801 Sir Christopher Pegge, D.M., Ch. Ch., sometime Fellow of Oriel 
1822 John Kidd, P.M., sometime Student of Ch.Ch. 
l.s.l .lames Adey Oirlc, P.M., Trinity 
1857 Sik Henky Wextworth Aclasd, P.M., Ch. Ch., sometime Fellow of All 

Souls, K.C.B. 



Eegius Peofessoeshep of Hebeew. 

King Charles I augmented the endowment of this Professorship by 
annexing to the Chair, in 1630, a Canonry of Christ Church. 

Professors. 

1540 Thomas Harding, M.A., Fellow of New College 

1.548 Richard Bruern, B.P., Fellow of Lincoln ; Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1509 Thomas Neale, B.P., sometime Fellow of New College 

15119 Thomas Kingsmill, M.A., Fellow of Magdalen, Public Orator 

1591 John Harding, M.A., Fellow of Magdalen : B.P. 

1598 William Thome, M.A., Fellow of New College 

l»»*t4 John Harding again, P.P. ; President of Magdalen 

1610 .Richard Kilbve, P.P., Rector of Lincoln 

1621 Edward 31. ,-tkirk, B.P., Student of Ch. Ch. ; P.D. 

1626 John Morris, B.D., All Bonis ; P.P. 

1048 Edward Pococke, B.P., Fellow of Corpus, Laudian Professor of Arabic ; P.P. 

1091 Roger Altham, B.P., Student of Ch. Ch. ; P.P. 

1697 Thomas Hyde, P.P., Queen's, Bodley's Librarian, and Laudian Professor of 

Arabic 
1703 Rosrer Altham again 
1715 Robert Clavering, P.P., sometime Fellow of University : Bishop of LlandaiT, 

afterwards of Peterborough 



REGIUS PROFESSORSHIP OF CREEK. 49 

1747 Thomas Hunt, D.D., Fellow of Hertford, Laudian and Lord Almoner's Pro- 
fessor of Arabic 

1774 Richard Browne, D.D., sometime Fellow of Trinity, Lord Almoner's Pro- 
fessor of Arabic 

1780 George Jubb, B.D., Student of Ch. Ch. ; D.D. 

1787 Benjamin Blayney, B.D., sometime Fellow of Hertford: D.D. 

1802 Joseph White, D.D., Fellow of Wadham, Laudian Professor of Arabic 

1814 Richard Laurence, D.C.L., University; afterwards Archbishop of Cashel 

1822 Alexander Nicoll, M.A., Balliol ; D.C.L. 

1828 Edward Bouverie Pusey, M.A., Fellow of Oriel ; D.D. 

1882 Samuel Rolles Driver, M.A., Fellow of New College; D.D. 



Regius Peoeessorship of Greek. 

The endowment of this Professorship received no augmentation until 
the year 1865, when the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church increased 
the Professor's stipend to .£500 a year. 

Under Statutes made for Christ Church by the University Com- 
missioners in 1877 this augmentation is maintained, and on the next 
vacancy in the Professorship it is to he increased to ,£900 a-year, but 
such augmentation is not to take effect unless the Professor shall be or 
become a Student of Christ Church. 

Professors. 

1546 Nicholas Harpesfeild, B.C.L., Fellow of New College 

1548 Giles Lawrence, B.C.L., Fellow of All Sonls 

1553 George Etheridge, M.A., Fellow of Corpus 

1559 Giles Lawrence again ; D.C.L. 

1585 John Harmar, M.A., Fellow of New College ; Head Master, afterwards 
Warden, of Winchester College, D.D. 

1590 Henry Curie, M.A., Fellow of Merton 

1597 John Perin, D.D., Fellow of St. John's; Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1615 John Hales, M.A., Fellow of Merton 

1G19 John Harrys, B.D., Fellow of New College ; afterwards "Warden of Win- 
chester College 

1022 John South, B.C.L., Fellow of New College 

1G25 Henry Stringer, M.A., Fellow, afterwards Warden, of New College ; D.D. 

1650 John Harmar, M.A., sometime Demy of Magdalen 

1600 Joseph Crowther, D.D., Fellow of St. John's ; Principal of St. Mary Hall 

1665 William Levinz, M.A., Fellow, afterwards President, of St. John's ; D.M. 

1698 Humphrey Hody, D.D., sometime Fellow of Wadham 

1705 Thomas Milles, B.D., Ch. Ch. ; afterwards Bishop of Watcrford and Lismore 

1707 Edward Thwaytes, M.A., Fellow of Queen's ; Professor of Moral Philosophy 

1712 Thomas Terry, M.A., Student, afterwards Canon, of Ch. Ch. ; D.D. 

1735 John Fanshawe, D.D., Student of Ch. Ch. ; afterwards Regius Professor of 
Divinity 

1747 Thomas Shaw, D.D., Principal of St. Fdmund Hall 

1751 Samuel Dickens, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. ; D.D. 

1763 William Sharp, D.D., Student of Ch. Ch., sometime Principal of Hertfc rd 

1782 John Randolph, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch., and Professor of Poetry; after* 

wards Regius Professor of Divinity, D.D. 

1783 William Jackson, M.A., Student, afterwards Canon, of Ch.Ch., D.D., and 

Bishop of Oxford 
1811 Thomas Gaisford, M.A., Student, afterwards Dean, of Ch. Ch., D.D. 
1855 BENJAMIN Jowett, SLA., Fellow, afterwards Master, of Balliol. 



50 PROFESSORS. 



MaEC.AKET PROFESSORSHIP OF DrVESITY. 

This Professorship, the oldest existing in the University, was founded 
in 1602 by Margaret, Countess of Richmond, mother of Henry VI J, 
and endowed with an annual pension of twenty marks. In 1627 King 
Charlee I annexed to it a Prebend in Worcester Cathedral, which was 
commuted by Act of Parliament in 1840 for a Canonry of Christ 
< Ihnrch. ( Originally the election was vested in the Graduates in Divinity, 
and the office became vacant every two years, but was continued by 
re-election for life. Now, from 1858, not only all Graduates in Divinity, 
but all those Members of the Congregation of the University who are 
at least in Deacon's Orders, are electors, and the election is for life. 
The Professor must be either a Graduate in Divinity or a Master of 
Arts of seven years' standing and in Priest's Orders. 

Professors. 

1497 Edmund Wylsford, D.D., Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Oriel 

15(J0 John Roper, B.D., sometime Fellow of Magdalen 
John Kynton, D.D., a Franciscan friar 

1530 William Mortimer, D.D. 

lf>4(> Hugh Weston, D.D., Rector of Lincoln 

1548? Christopher Goodman, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 

1554 John .Smyth, B.D., Provost of Oriel 

1561 Francis Babington, D.D., Rector of Lincoln 

1502 Herbert West] haling, B.D., Canon of Ch. Ch. ; DD. ; afterwards Bishop of 
Hereford 

15G4 James Calfhill, B.D., Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1565 Edward Cradocke, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. : D.D. 

1594 John Williams, B.D., Fellow of All Souls ; D.D., Principal of Jesus 

1613 Sebastian Benefield, D.D., Fellow of Corpus 

1626 Samuel Fell, D.D., Canon, Afterwards Dean, of Ch. Ch. 

1638 Thomas Lawrence, D.D., Master of Balliol 

1648 Francis Cheynell, B.D., President of St. John's 

1652 Henry Wilkinson, D.D., Fellow of Magdalen and Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1660 Thomas Barlow, D.D., Provost of Queen's, and Bodley's Librarian ; after- 
wards Bishop of Lincoln 

1676 John Hall, D.D., Master of Pembroke ; afterwards Bishop of Bristol 

1691 Henry Maurice, D.D., sometime Fellow of Jesus 

1691 Thomas Sykes, B.D., Fellow, afterwards President, of Trinity ; D.D. 

17U5 John Wynne, D.D., Fellow, afterwards Principal, of Jesus ; afterwards 
Bishop of St. Asaph, Bath and Wells 

1715 William Delaune, D.D., President of St. John's 

1728 Thomas Jenner, B.D., Fellow, afterwards President, of Magdalen ; D.D. 

1768 Thomas Randolph, D.D., President of Corpus 

1783 Timothy Neve, D.D., Chaplain of Merton, sometime Fellow of Corpus 

1798 Septimus Collinson, D.D., Provost of Queen's 

1827 Godfrey Faussett, B.D., Fellow of Magdalen; D.D. 

1853 Charles Abel Heuktley, B.D., sometime Fellow of Corpus ; D.D. 



SAVILIAN PEOFESSOESHIP OF GEOMETRY. 51 



Savilian Pkofessoeships of Geometry and Astronomy. 

In the year 1619 Sir Henry Savile, Knight, Warden of Merton 
College, founded and endowed two Professorships, one in Geometry,, 
and the other in Astronomy. The Professors might be chosen from any 
part of Christendom, provided they were persons of good character and 
repute, well skilled in mathematics, and twenty-six years of age : if 
Englishmen, they were to be M.A. at the least. 

Under Statutes made for New College by the Commissioners of 1877 
a Fellowship in the College, with an emolument of <£200 a-year, is 
attached to each Chair, and in addition to the income of such Fellowship 
and to that arising from the Savilian endowment, each Professor is to 
receive from the College an annual payment of ,£400, which, however, 
in years when the income from the Savilian endowment exceeds ,£300, 
is to be reduced by the amount of the excess. The effect of these 
provisions is that the emoluments of each Professorship will ultimately 
be not less than £900 a year. 



Satilian Professor of Geometry. 

The Professor is elected by a Bond consisting of the Chancellor of 
the University, the President of the Eoyal Society, the Warden of New 
College, a person nominated on each occasion by the Warden and 
Fellows of New College to act as an Elector on that occasion, the 
Sadlerian Professor of Pure Mathematics in the University of Cam- 
bridge, the Sedleian Professor of Natural Philosophy, and a person 
nominated on each occasion by the Hebdomadal Council to act as an 
Elector on that occasion. If the Warden of New College is unable to 
act as an Elector, the College may appoint a person to act in his 
stead. 

Professors. 

1619 Henry BriggB, M.A., Merton, sometime Fellow of St. John's College, 
Cambridge 

1631 Peter Turner, M.A., Fellow of Merton; P.M. 

1649 John AVallis, M.A., Exeter, sometime Fellow of Queens' College, Cam- 
bridge ; D.D. 

1704 Edmund Halley, M.A., Queen's; D.C.L. ; Astronomer Eoyal 

1742 Nathaniel Bliss, M.A., Pembroke; Astronomer Eoyal 

1765 Joseph Betts, M.A., Fellow of University 

1766 John Smith, D.M., St. Mary Hall, sometime of Balliol 
171)7 Abram Eobertson, M.A., Ch. ( h. ; D.D. 

1810 Stephen Peter Eigaud, M.A., Fellow of Exeter 
1827 Baden Powell, M.A., Oriel 

1861 Heniy John Stephen Smith, M.A., Fellow of Balliol, Fellow of Corpus 
1883 James Joseph Sylvester, M.A., Hon. D.C.L., Fellow of New College ; Hon. 
Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. 



D2 



52 PROFESSORS. 



B a vi i.i ax Professor of Astronomy. 

The Professor will hereafter be elected by a Board consisting of the 
Chancellor of the University the President of the Royal Society, 
the Astronomer Royal, the Badcliffe Observer, the Warden of New 
College, a person nominated on each occasion by the Warden and 

Fellows of New College to act as an Elector on that occasion, and 
a person similarly nominated by the Hebdomadal Council. If the 
Warden of New College is unable to act as an Elector, the College 
may appoint a person to act in his stead. 

The Professor has the charge of the University Observatory, (see 
pout, p. 95). 

Professors. 

1021 John B&inbridge.D.M., Morton, sometime of Emmanuel College, Cambridge 

1\'A'A John Greaves, M.A., Fellow of Merton 

1649 Beth Ward, MA., Wadham, sometime Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, 
Cambridge, D.D.; [Resident of Trinity 

1661 ( IhriBtqpher Wren, MA., Fellow of All Souls; D.C.L. 

1673 Edward Bernard, B.D., Fellow of St. John's; D.D. 

1691 David Gregory, M.A., Balliol, incorporated from Edinburgh; D.M. 

1709 John Caswell, SLA., Wadham, Vice-Principal of Hert Hall 

1712 John Keil, M.A., Balliol, incorporated from Edinburgh; D.M. 

1721 James Bradley, MA., Balliol; Astronomer Iioyal, D.D., Reader in Experi- 
mental Philosophy 

17G3 Thomas Hornsby, M.A., Fellow of Corpus, and Reader in Experimental 
Philosophy; Professor of Natural Philosophy; D.D. 

1810 Abram Robertson, D.D., Ch. Ch., Professor of Geometry 

1827 Stephen Peter Rigaud, M.A., sometime Fellow of Exeter, Professor of 
Geometry 

1839 George Henry Sacbeverell Johnson, M.A., Fellow of Queen's 

1842 William Fishburn Donkin, M.A., Fellow of University 

1870 Chakles Pritchaud, M.A., (M.A., and sometime Fellow, afterwards Hon. 
Fellow, of St. John's College, Cambridge,) D.D., Fellow of New College. 



Sedleian Professorship of Natural Philosophy. 

This Professorship was founded by Sir William Sedley, of Aylesford 
in Kent, Bart,, who by his Will, dated October 20, 1618, bequeathed 
the sum of ,£2000 to the University, to be laid out in the purchase of 
lands, for its endowment ; and his bequest took effect in 1621. The 
stipend arising from this endowment now amounts to about £300 a 
year, and is further augmented by an annual payment of £270 from 
the revenues of Queen's College under an ordinance of the University 
Commissioners of 1854. 

Under Statutes made for Queen's College by the Commissioners of 
1877 this augmentation is hereafter to be increased from the College 
revenues by such an amount as shall raise the income of the Professor- 
ship to £900 a year. 



"WHYTE'S PROFESSORSHIP OF MORAL PHILOSOniY. 53 

Under another Statute of the same Commissioners the Professor is 
hereafter to be elected by a Board consisting of the Vice-Chancellor, 
the President of the Royal Society, the Provost of Queen's College, 
a person nominated on each occasion by Queen's College to act as an 
Elector on that occasion, the Professor of Experimental Philosophy, 
the Savilian Professor of Geometry, and a person nominated on each 
occasion by the Hebdomadal Council to act as an Elector on thai 
occasion. If the Provost of Queen's College is unable to act as an 
Elector, the College may appoint a person to act in his stead. 

Professors. 

1621 Edward Lapwarfh, D.M., St. Alban Hall 

1636 John Edwards, M.A., Fellow of St. John's; D.M. 

1648 Joshua Crosse, 31. A., Fellow of Magdalen 

1660 Thomas Willis, B.M., Ch. Ch. ; D.3I, 

1(575 Thomas Mfflington, D.M., Fellow of All Souls 

1704 James Favrer, B.D., Fellow of Magdalen; I3.D. 

1720 Hon. Charles Bertie, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls 

1741 Joseph Browne, D.D., Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Queen's 

17(37 Benjamin Wheeler, M.A., Fellow of 3Iagdalen, and Professor of Poetry * 

O.D., Regius Professor of Divinity 
1782 Thomas Homsby, M.A., sometime Fellow of Corpus, Savilian Professor of 

Astronomy and Reader in Experimental Philosophy ; D.D. 
1810 George Leigh Cooke, B.D., Fellow of Corpus 
1853 Bartholomew Price, M.A., Fellow of Pembroke, Hon. Fellow of Queen's. 



Whyte's Proeessoeship of Moral Philosophy. 

This Professorship was founded in the year 1621 by Thomas "Whyte, 
D.D., Canon of Christ Church, who charged an estate in Essex, which 
he then conveyed to the University, with an annual stipend of ,£100 
for the Professor and with other payments. He made the Chair tenable 
for five years only, or at the most for ten, and appointed the Yice- 
Chancellor, the Dean of Christ Church, the Presidents of Magdalen 
and St. John's, and the two Proctors, to be the electors. 

In 1673 a practice began of electing one of the Proctors, usually the 
Senior, to the office ; in course of time the Lectures were entirely 
dropped ; and at length the Professorship was so forgotten, that it was 
never mentioned in the Oxford Calendar before the year 1831, the 
abuse having continued, with one exception only, till February 1829. 

The Professorship was established on a new footing by a Statute 
which was approved by the Queen in Council in 1858. 

It is now regulated by Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877, 
under which the stipend of the Professor will be ultimately raised to 
,£900 a-ycar, namely, £100 from the original endowment, and the 
residue, including the emoluments of a Fellowship in Corpus Christi 
College attached to the Professorship, from the revenues of that 
College. 



54 PROFESSORS. 

The Professor is elected by a Board consisting of the Vice-Chancellor, 
1lir "Margaret Professor of Divinity, the Begins Professor of Modern 
History, the Yinerian Professor of English Law, the Waynilcte Pro- 

>ir of Mora] and Metaphysical Philosophy, a member of Corpus 
(liristi College nominated on each occasion by the College to act as 
BO Elector 09 that occasion, and K person nominated as a permanent 
Elector by that College, subject to the approval of Convocation (at 
present, Henry G. Liddell, D.D., Dean of Christ Church). 

Professors. 

1621 William Price, M.A., Student of Ch. C'li. 
1630 Thomas Ballow, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 
1634 Edward Fulham, BLA., student of Ch. Ch. 
1638 George Gisbey, BLA., Fellow of St. John's 
1643 John Berkenhead. BLA- Fellow of All Souls 

1648 Edward Copley, M.A., Fellow of Merton 

1649 Hony Wilkinson, B.D., Principal of Magdalen Hall 

ltw'4 Francis Howell, BLA., Fellow of Exeter ; afterwards Principal of Jesus 

]»i."i7 William Carpender, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 

1660 Francis Palmer, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 

H>|'(4 Andrew Crispe, M.A., Fellow of Corpus 

1668 Nathaniel Hodges, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 

1673 Abraham Campion, M.A., Fellow of Trinity, Senior Proctor 

1708 Edward Thwaytes, M.A., Fellow of Queen's, and Eegius Professor of Greek, 

not a Proctor 

******** 

1829 William Mills, B.D., Fellow of Magdalen 

1834 Renn Dickson Hampden, D.D., Principal of St. Mary Hall ; afterwards 

Eegius Professor of Divinity, Bishop of Hereford 
1836 William Sewell, M.A., Fellow of Exeter 

1841 Charles William Stocker, D.D., sometime Fellow of St. John's 

1842 George Henry Sacheverell Johnson, M.A., Fellow of Queen's, Savilian 

Professor of Astronomy 

1845 Henry George Liddell, M.A., Student, afterwards Dean, of Ch. Ch. 

1846 John Matthias Wilson, M.A., Fellow, afterwards President, of Corpus 
1851 John Matthias Wilson, B D., re-elected 

1856-1858 Vacant 

1858 John Matthias Wilson, B.D., re-elected 

1874 John Richard Turner Eaton, M.A., sometime Fellow of Merton 

1878 Thomas Hill Green, M.A., Fellow of Balliol 

1882 William Wallace, M.A., Fellow of Merton 



Camden Pkofessokship of Ancient Histoey. 

The Professorship of Ancient History was founded in the year 1622 
by William Camden, Esq., Clarencieux King at Arms, who endowed it 
with an annual stipend of ,£140, charged upon the manor of Bexley in 
Kent, which lie gave to the University. The stipend is at present aug- 
mented to £600 out of the University Chest. 



TOMLINS PROFESSORSHIP OF ANATOMY. 55 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the University 
and Brasenose College respectively, the original endowment will 
ultimately be augmented from the revenues of the College to £ ( J00 
a- year, and the Professor will be ex officio a Professorial Fellow of that 
Society. 

The Professor, who has hitherto been elected by Convocation, is 
hereafter to be elected by a Board consisting of the Vice-Chancellor, 
the Regius Professor of Greek, the Corpus Christi Professor of the 
Latin Language and Literature, the Regius Professor of Modern 
History, and a person nominated on each occasion by the Principal and 
Fellows of Brasenose College to act as an Elector on that occasion. 

Professors. 

1622 Degory "Wheal", M. A., Fellow of Exeter : Principal of Gloucester Hall 

1G47 Robert Waryng, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 

1648 Lewis du Moulin, D.M., incorporated from Leyden 

1660 John Lamphire, M.A., Fellow of New College ; D.M., Prineii al of New Inn, 

and of Hert, Halls 
1688 Henry Dodwell, M.A., Hert Hall, incorporated from Dublin 
1691 Charles Aldworth, D.C.L., Fellow of Magdalen 
1720 Sedgwick Harrison, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls 
1727 Richard Frewin, D.M., Student of Ch. Ch. 
1761 John "Warneford, B.D., Fellow of Corpus 
1773 "William Scott, B.C.L., Fellow of University ; D.C.L. ; afterwards Lord 

Stowell 
1785 Thomas "Warton, B.D., Fellow of Trinity ; sometime Professor of Poetry 
1790 Thomas "Winstanley, M. A., Fellow of Hertford; Principal of St. Alban Hall, 

D.D. 
1823 Peter Elmsley, M.A., Principal of St. Alban Hall, D.D. 
1825 Edward Cardwell, B.D., Fellow of Brasenose; afterwards Principal cf 

St. Alban Hall, D.D. 
1861 George Rawlisson, M.A., sometime Fellow of Exeter. 



Tomlins Pkofessoeship of Anatomy, 

A Lecture in Anatomy was founded in 1624 by Richard Tomlins, 
Esq., of Westminster, who assigned it to the Eegius Professor of Medi- 
cine for the time being ; and to this was annexed in 1803 the Pro- 
fessorship of Anatomy founded by Dr. Aldrich. By a Statute, approved 
by the Queen in Council in 1858, both were annexed to the Linacre 
Professorship of Physiology. 

Under a Statute made by the Commissioners of 1877, the emoluments 
arising from the joint foundations are to be applied, in such manner as 
the University shall from time to time determine, to the payment of 
a Demonstrator or Demonstrators in Anatomy appointed by the Linacre 
Professor of Human and Comparative Anatomy. See post, p. 74. 



56 PROFESSORS. 

Professorship of Music, with Offices of Choragus 

AND I'RjECENTOR. 

"William Heather, Doctor in Music, founded this Professorship in the 
year lb'26, making the office annual, and vesting the appointment in 
the Proctors. JIc also made provision f<»r a Choragus, or Master 
of Musical Praxis, to be elected by the Vice-Chancellor, the Dean 
of Christ Church, the Warden of New College, and the Presidents of 
Magdalen and St. John's. He assigned to his Professor a stipend of 
£3^ to which the University at once added £2 5s. (a sum previously 
received by the ancient Reader in Moral Philosophy), and to which 
Nathaniel, Lord Crewe, Bishop of Durham, afterwards added ,£30. 
The stipend of the Choragus is ,£13 6s. 8(7. 

By a new Statute, approved by the Queen in Council in 1857, the 
Professor is elected for life by the Vice-Chancellor, the Warden of New 
College, the President of Magdalen, the Dean of Christ Church, the 
President of St. John's, the two Proctors, the two Savilian Professors, 
and the Professor of Poetry ; and the Choragus is elected by the Vice- 
Chancellor, the two Proctors, the Professor of Music, and the Public 
Orator ; each election being subject to the approval of Convocation. 
And it has been enacted that there shall be a Prxcentor or Coryphxus, 
nominated by the Professor of Music, subject to the approval of Con- 
vocation, who is to assist the Choragus. The stipend of the Professor 
is augmented to £100 out of the University Chest, besides the benefac- 
tion of Lord Crewe. The stipend of the Choragus is the same as 
Dr. Heather left it, but he shares with the Prsecentor in the fees paid 
by Students. 

Professors, holding also the office of Choragus, 

1626 Richard Nicholson, B.Mus., Organist of Magdalen 

1639 Arthur Philippe, B.Mus., Organist of Magdalen 

1656 John Wilson, D. Mus. 

1661 Edward Lowe, Organist of Ch. Ch. 

1682 Richard Goodson, Organist of New College, afterwards of Ch. Ch. 

1718 Richard Goodson, his son, B.Mus., Organist of Ch. Ch. 

1741 "William Hayes, B.Mus., Organist of Magdalen; D.Mus. 

1777 Philip Hayes, D.Mus., Organist of New College, Magdalen, and St. John's 

1797 "William Crotch, B.Mus., Organist of Ch. Ch. and St. John's ; D.Mus. 

In the year 1848 the offices were divided. 

Professors. 

1848 Sir Henry Rowley Bishop, D.Mus., Magdalen 

1855 Sir Frederick Arthur Gore Ouseley, Bart., M.A. and D.Mus., Ch. Ch. 

Choragi. 

1848 Stephen Elvev, D.Mus., Organist of New College and St. John's 

1860 Charles "William Corfe, D.Mus., Organist of Ch. Ch. 

18S4 Charles Hubert Hastings Parry, B.A. and B.Mus., Exeter; D.Mus., M.A. 

Prxcentores or Coryphxi. 

1856 Charles William Corfe, D.Mus., Organist of Ch. Ch. 
1863 Leighton George Hayne, D.Mus., Queen's 

1883 Vacant. 



TROFESSORSHIP OF BOTANY. 57 

Laudian Pkofessokship of Aeabic 1 . 

Founded in 1636 by William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, and 
Chancellor of the University, who endowed it with lands in the parish 
of Bray, in Berkshire, which gave but a small stipend. The income has 
subsequently been augmented to ,£'300 out of the University Chest. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and St. John's College respectively, future Professors will ultimately 
receive, in addition to the emoluments arising from Archbishop Laud's 
benefaction, an annual payment of ,£450 from the revenues of the Col- 
lege. From the time when such sum shall become payable the holder 
of the Professorship is to be ex officio a Fellow of the College. 

The Professor is hereafter to be elected by a Board consisting of the 
Secretary of State for India, the President of St. John's College, the 
Regius Professor of Hebrew, the Boden Professor of Sanskrit, and 
Bodley's Librarian. If the President of St. John's College is unable to 
act as an Elector, the College may appoint a person to act in his stead. 

Professors. 

1636 Edward Pococke, B.D., Fellow of Corpus ; afterwards Eegius Professor of 
Hebrew, D.D. 

1G91 Thomas Hyde, D.D., Queen's, Bodley's Librarian ; afterwards Eegius 
Professor of Hebrew 

1703 John Wallis, M.A., Demv, afterwards Fellow, of Magdalen ; B.D. 

1738 Thomas Hunt, M.A., Hert Hall ; Fellow of Hertford ; afterwards Lord 
Almoner's Professor of Arabie, D.D., and Regius Professor of Hebrew 

1774 Joseph White, M.A., Fellow of Wadham ; D.D. ; afterwards Eegius Professor 
of Hebrew 

1814 Thomas Winstanley, D.D., Principal of St. Alban Hall, and Camden Pro- 
fessor of Ancient History 

1S23 Wvndham Knatchbull, D.D., Fellow of All Souls 

1840 Stephen Reay, M.A., St. Alban Hall : B.D. ; Sub-Librarian of the Bodleian 

1861 Eobert Gandell, M.A., Magdalen Hall ; Fellow of Hertford ; died in 18^7. 



Pkofessoeship of Botany. 

In compliance with the Will of Henry Dan vers, Earl of Danby, by 
whose munificence during the period 1622-1633 the Botanic Garden 
was founded, the impropriate Rectory of Kirkdale in Yorkshire was 
conveyed to the University for the purpose, 1. of paying £40 a-year to 
a Gardener ; 2. of building a house for the Gardener ; 3. of defraying the 
necessary expenses of the Garden ; and then (if possible) establishing 
a Professor. This bequest took effect in 1659 ; and in 1669, although 
the revenue was very small, the University elected a Professor, assigning 
to him a stipend of ,£40 a-year. But that Professor, Dr. Morison, stands 
alone ; no immediate successor was elected by Convocation. 

In 1728, William Sherard, D.C.L., sometime Fellow of St. John's 

College, bequeathed to the University his Library and very valuable 

Herbarium, and £3000 for the endowment of a Professorship, vesting 

the nomination in the College of Physicians. Dr. Sherard's bequest 

1 The election to this Professorship has been for the present suspended. 



58 professors. 

took effect in 1734, and, in compliance with a condition in bis Will, 
the University then charged its rents and revenues with an annual pay- 
ment of £160 for the maintenance of the Garden. 

In 1793 King George III granted the .sum of ,£200 yearly, which 
was reduced by tecs of office to ,£182, half to augment the stipend of 
the Professor, and half towards the maintenance of the Garden; which 
sum, since the remission of certain stain}) duties in 1855, has been paid 
from the University Chest in the following proportions, £'100 to the 
Professor and ,£82 to the Curators of the Garden. 

To this foundation Dr. Sibthorp ('who was Professor of Botany 
1784 — 96) attached a Professorship oi Rural Economy 1 , but the two 
Professorships are now separated, a Statute made for Magdalen College 
by the University Commissioners of 1877 having provided that in the 
event of the two Professorships ceasing to be combined, but not other- 
wise, a Fellowship in the College should be attached to the Professorship 
of Botany, and further that the emoluments of that Professorship should 
be augmented from the College revenues to ,£300 a-year. 

The Professor of Botany is elected by a Board consisting of the 
Visitor and the President of Magdalen College, the Presidents of the 
Linnsean Society and of the College of Physicians, a person (at present 
Bartholomew Price, M.A., Fellow of Pembroke College) nominated by 
the Hebdomadal Council as a permanent Elector, subject to approval 
by Convocation, the Linacre Professor of Human and Comparative 
Anatomy, and the Professor of Botany in the University of Cambridge. 

The charge and supervision of the Botanic Garden are committed 
to the Professor of Botany, to be exercised by him subject to such 
authority as may for the time being be vested in the Curators of the 
Garden. 

Professors. 

10G0 Robert Morison, D.M., University 

1684 .To cob Bobart 

1720 Edwin Sandvs, P.M., Fellow of Wadham 

1724 Gilbert Trowe, D.M., Fellow of Merton 

1734 John Jacob Dillenius, St. John's ; D.M. 

1747 Humphrey Sibthorp, D.M., Magdalen 

1784 John Sibthorp, D.M., University 

17% George Williams, D.M., Fellow of Corpus 

1S34 Charles Giles Bridle Daubeny, D.M., Fellow of Magdalen 

1868 Marmaduke Alexander Lawson (M.A. of Trinity College, Cambridge), 

M.A., Magdalen; resigned in 1883 

1884 Isaac Bayley Balfour, M.A., Fellow of Masrdalen 

1888 Sydney Howard Vines (M.A., Fellow of Christ's Ccllege,Cambridge), Fellow 

of Magdalen. 

1 See post, page 6C. 



PROFESSORSHIP OF POETRY. 59 



Peofessokship of Poetey. 

Founded by Henry Birkhead, sometime of Trinity, afterwards Fellow 
of All Souls, a Barrister of the Inner Temple, and D.C.L., who be- 
queathed for the endowment an estate which he held by lease from the 
Dean and Chapter of Durham. His bequest took effect in 1708. The 
fee-simple of the estate was subsequently purchased by the University, 
and in 1885 was sold under the provisions of the Universities and 
College Estates Act, 1858. The yearly stipend of the Professorship 
consists of about <£180 from the proceeds of the estate, and is increased 
by <£20 from the Benefaction of Nathaniel, Lord Crewe. Bishop of 
Durham. The Professor is elected by the Members of Convocation for 
five years, on the expiration of which he may be re-elected for five 
years more. He must be at the least a Master of Arts or a Bachelor 
of Civil Law. 

Professors. 

1708 Joseph Trapp, M.A., Fellow of Wodham 

1718 Thomas Warton, M.A., Fellow of Magdalen; B.I). 

1728 Joseph Spence, M. A., Fellow of New College ; afterwards Regius Professor 

of Modern History 
1738 John Whitfield, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 
1741 Robert Lowth, M.A., Fellow of New College; afterwards euecessively 

Bishop of St. David's, Oxford, and London 
1751 William Hawkins, M.A., Fellow of Pembroke 
175(3 Thomas Warton, M.A., Fellow of Trinity; afterwards Camden Professor of 

Ancient History 
17GG Benjamin Wheeler, MA., Fellow of Magdalen; afterwards Professor of 

Natural Philosophy, D.D., and Regius Professor of Divinity 
1776 John Randolph, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. ; afterwards Regius Professor of 

Divinity, and D.D. 
1783 Robert Holmes, M.A., Fellow of New College : D.D. 
1793 James Hurdis, B.D., Fellow of Magdalen; D.D. 
1302 Edward Copleston, M. A., Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Oriel; afterwards 

Bishop of Llandaft', and Dean of St. Paul's 
1812 John Josias Conybeare, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch., Professor of Anglo-Saxon ; 

Prebendary of York 
1821 Henry Hart Milman, M.A., sometime Fellow of Brasenose, afterwards Pre- 
bendary of Westminster and Dean of St. Paul's 
1831 John Keble, M.A., sometime Fellow of Oriel 
1842 James Garbett, M.AT, sometime Fellow of Brasenose 
1852 Thomas Legh Claughton, M.A., sometime Fellow of Trinity; afterwards 

Bishop of Rochester; Bishop of St. Alban's 
1857 Matthew Arnold, M.A., sometime Fellow of Oriel ; Hon. D.C.L. 
18G7 Sir Francis Hastings Doyle, Bart., B.C.L., sometime Fellow of All Souls ; 

M.A., Hon. D.C.L. 
1S77 John Campbell Shairp, M.A., Balliol, Principal of the University of St. 

Andrew's 
1885 Francis Turner Palgrave, M.A., sometime Fellow of Exeter. 



60 PROFESSORS. 



Tup: Lord Almoner's Professorship of Arabic. 

The origin of this Professorship cannot be ascertained, for the records 
of the Almonry Office anterior to the year 3724 perished in a tire which 
took place many years ago in St. James's Palace. 13ut it is probable 
that the first appointment was made in the reign of George I, and 
that no person held it before the eminent Orientalist John Gagnier, 
whose name is now the first on record, and who, in 1717, was appointed 
by tin; Yi<<-< hancellor to give public Lectures in Arabic in the absence 
of the Landian Professor. 

The Professor is appointed by the Lord High Almoner. The yearly 
stipend, which at first was only ,£25, was raised to £50 in 1770, but 
this sum was considerably reduced by fees of office in the Exchequsr ; 
it is now stated to be £50 net. 

Professors. 

1724 John Gagnier, M.A., of Cambridge 

1741 Thomas Hunt, M.A., Fellow of Hertford, and Laudian Professor of Arabic ; 

D.D. ; afterwards Beprius Professor of Hebrew. 
1748 Richard Browne, B.D., Fellow of Trinity ; D.D. ; afterwards Regius Professor 

of Hebrew 
ITso Henry Ford, B.A., Ch. Ch. ; afterwards Principal of Magdalen Hall, D.C.L. 
1813 John David Macbride, D.C.L., Principal of Magdalen Hall 
1868 Thomas Chenery (M.A., of Cains College, Cambridge), MA., Ch. Ch. 
1878 George Frederick Nicholl, M.A., Hon. Fellow of Balliol. 



Regius Professorship of Modern History. 

This Professorship was founded by King George I in 1724, with an 
annual stipend of £400, reduced by fees of office to £371, to be paid 
from the Exchequer. After the remission of certain stamp duties in 
1855 the stipend became a charge on the revenues of the University, 
and by an ordinance of the University Commissioners of 1855 the 
endowment was augmented by the annual sum of £250 from the 
revenues of Oriel College. 

Regulations concerning tbe duties of the Professor were made by 
Letters Patent under the Great Seal in 1859. The original regulations 
comprised a scheme for instruction in modern languages, which is now 
provided by Sir Robert Taylor's bequest. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and Oriel College respectively, the stipend of the Professor will 
ultimately be £900 a-year, namely, £300 from the University Chest, 
and the residue, including the emoluments of a Professor-Fellowship in 
Oriel College annexed to the Chair, from the revenues of that College. 

Professors. 

1724 David Gregory, M.A., Student, afterwards Dean, of Ch. Ch. 
1736 William Holmes. D.D., President of St. John's 



professorship of experimental philosophy. 61 

1742 Joseph Spenee, M.A ., Fellow of New College, sometime Professor of Poetry 

1768 John Vivian, M.A., Fellow of Balliol 

1771 Thomas Nowell, D.D., Principal of St. Mary Hall 

1801 Henry Beeke, D.D , BOmetime Fellow of Oriel 

1813 Edward Nares, M.A, sometime Fellow of Merton ; D.D. 

1841 Thomas Arnold, D.D., sometime Fellow of Oriel 

1842 John Antony Cramer, DP., Principal of New Inn Hall, and Public Orator 
1848 Henry Hal ford Vnugban, M.A., sometime Fellow of Oriel 

1858 Goldwin Smith, M.A., Fellow of University 

1866 William Stubbs, M.A., sometime Fellow of Trinity, Fellow of Oriel ; 
Hon. Student of Ch. Ch. ; Hon. Fellow of Balliol ; D.D. 

1884 Edward Augustus Freemax, M.A., Hon. D.C.L., sometime Fellow, after- 
wards Hon. Fellow, of Trinity ; Fellow of Oriel. 



PROFESSOESHIP OF EXPERIMENTAL PHILOSOPHY. 

This Professorship is due to the bounty of Nathaniel, Lord Crewe, 
Bishop of Durham 1674 — 1722, who desired that ,£30 out of the annual 
Benefaction of ,£200 which he bequeathed to the University should 
be paid to " a Reader of Experimental Philosophy." It began in 1749, 
when his bequest was first received ; but Public Lectures on the sub- 
ject were previously given. To this small stipend King George IV, 
while Prince Eegent, added a grant of ,£100 a-year from the revenues 
of the Crown ; which sum, after the remission of certain stamp duties 
in 1855, was paid from the University Chest. The University further 
augmented the stipend to ,£300 a-year ; and, under an ordinance of the 
University Commissioners of 1855, the Professor also received the 
annual sum of ,£200 from the revenues of Wadham College. The 
Professor was appointed by the Vice-Chancellor alone until the year 
1863 ; then by a Board of Electors. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and "Wadham College respectively, the total emoluments of the 
Professorship, exclusive of fees, are ultimately to be not less than £'700 
or more than £900 a-year. A non-stipendiary Fellowship in "Wadham 
College is also annexed to the Chair. 

The Professor is hereafter to be elected by a Board consisting of the 
Vice-Chancellor, the Warden of Wadham College, the Sedleian Professor 
of Natural Philosophy, the Waynflete Professor of Chemistry, and the 
President of the Royal Society. If the Warden of Wadham College is 
unable to act as an Elector, the College may appoint a person to act in 
his stead. 

The Professor has the charge of the Clarendon Laboratory. 

Readers or Professors. 

1740 James Bradley, D.D., Balliol, Savilian Professor of Astronomy 

17G3 Thomas Hornsby, M. A., Fellow of Corpus, and Professor of Astronomy, 

afterwards Professor of Natural Philosophy; D.D. 
1810 Stephen Peter Rigaud, M.A., Fellow of Exeter, and Professor of Geometry, 

afterwards Professor of Astronomy 
1880 Robert Walker, M.A., Wadham 
18G5 Robert BELLAMY Cliftoh, (M.A.,and formerly Fellow of St. John's College, 

Cambridge), M.A., Hon. Fellow (afterwards Fellow) of Wadham ; Fellow 

of Merton. 



02 PROFESSORS. 



YlNEEIAN TEOFESSOESniP OF COMMON LAW. 

Charles Viner, Esq., by his Will, dated December 20, 1755, left 
aboul £12,000 to the University, to establish a Professorship, and 
to endow Bach Fellowships and Scholarships of the Common Law, 
as the produce of Ins legacy might be thought capable of supporting. 
His bequest took effect in 1758, and the Stipend of the Professorship 
was then fixed at ,£200 a-year, and the Professor was to be elected by 
Convocation. 

Under a Statute approved by the Queen in Council in 1807, the 
Professor was to be elected by a Board thereby constituted, and until 
there should be a vacancy in the Professorship a Reader was to be 
appointed from time to time for three years, to give instruction in Civil 
Law as well as English Law. The first Eeader was appointed February 
25, 1808, and the Readership was continued until December, 1881. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and All Souls College respectively, the Professor receives the 
annual proceeds of the trust estate of Mr. Yiner's Foundation, after 
payment of the statutory emoluments of the Scholars of that Foundation 
and also the emoluments appropriated to the Professorship out of the 
revenues of All Souls College. These latter are ,£200 a-year as the 
emolument of a Fellowship in the College attached to the Professorship, 
and, in addition, such a sum as, together with what the Professor 
receives from the Vinerian Foundation, shall amount to £700 a-year. 

The Professor is elected by a Board consisting of the Chancellor of 
the University, the Lord Chief Justice of England, the Regius Pro- 
fessor of Civil Law, the Corpus Professor of Jurisprudence, and a 
person nominated on each occasion by All Souls College to act as an 
Elector on that occasion. 

Professors. 

1758 "William Blackstone, D.C L., Fellow of All Souls ; afterwards one of the 

Judges in the Court of Common Pleas 
1762 Robert Chambers, B.C.L., Fellow of University; afterwards Principal of 

New Inn Hall, and Chief Justice of Beneral 
1777 Richard Wooddeson, D.C.L., Fellow of Magdalen 
1793 James Blackstone, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls ; afterwards Principal of New 

Inn Hall 
1824 Philip Williams, B.C.L., sometime Fellow of New College ; D.C.L. 
1843 John Robert Kenyon, D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls 
1882 Albekt Yenx Dicey, MA., B.C.L., sometime Fellow of Trinity ; Fellow of 

All Souls ; Fellow of Balliol. 

Headers. 

1868 Kenelm Edward Digby, MA., Fellow of Corpus 

1874 Thomas Erskine Holland, M.A., B.C.L., sometime Fellow of Exeter; 

afterwards Chichele Professor of International Law and Diplomacy ; 

Fellow of All Souls: D.C.L. 
1874 Sir William Reynell Anson, Bart., M.A, Fellow, afterwards Warden, of All 

Souls ; B.C.L., D.C.L. 



LICHFIELD TRUST FOR CLINICAL INSTRUCTION. 63 



Lichfield Trust for Clinical Instruction. 

A Professorship was founded for the reading of Clinical Lectures in 
the Badclifle Infirmary to the Students in Medicine of the University, 
by the bounty of George Henry Lee, third Earl of Lichfield of that 
name, Chancellor of the University; who bequeathed for its endow- 
ment some property in London, which in 1780, when his bequest took 
effect, produced a capital sum exceeding <£7000 in £3 per cent. Con- 
solidated Annuities. This Fund is invested in the namus of the Chan- 
cellor of the University, the Bishop of Oxford, and the President of St. 
John's College as ex officio Trustees. The Professor was chosen by Convo- 
cation, and was to be a Doctor of Medicine of five years' standing. 

A Statute made for the University by the Commissioners of 1877 
directed that the income of the Trust Fund should be applied in or 
towards providing Clinical instruction in Oxford for Members of 
the University, such instruction to be given by a Clinical Professor, 
or by one or more Clinical Lecturer or Lecturers, and empowered the 
University to make Statutes regulating the office of any such Professor 
or Lecturer. 

In exercise of this authority the University in 1883 enacted that the 
annual income of the endowment should be applied in and towards 
providing Clinical instruction in Medicine and Surgery for Members 
of the University at the Eadcliffe Infirmary, subject to the approval by 
the Hebdomadal Council of the rules made from time to time by the 
Governors of the Infirmary for the admission of Students. If and so 
long as the Hebdomadal Council is allowed to nominate four of its 
members to be associated with the Electoral Board appointed by the 
Governors for the appointment of Physicians and Surgeons of the 
Infirmary, one of the Physicians is to be appointed Lichfield Clinical 
Lecturer in Medicine, and one of the Surgeons Lichfield Clinical 
Lecturer in Surgery, each receiving an equal moiety of the annual 
income of the endowment. Each is to be appointed for a term of 
two years, but is to be capable of re-appointment. The appointment is 
to be made by the Hebdomadal Council after consultation with the 
Medical Staff of the Infirmary. 

The provisions of the University Statute are to remain in force only 
until the end of the next Term after any vacancy may occur in the 
Regius Professorship of Medicine. 

Professors. 

1780 John Parsons, D.M., Student of Ch. Ch. 
1785 Martin Wall, D.M., Fellow of New College 
1S24 Robert Bourne, D.M., sometime Fellow of Worcester 
1830 James Adey Ogle, D.M., Trinity ; Begins Professor of Medicine 
1857 Henry YVeutworth Acland, D.M., Ch. Ch., sometime Fellow of All Souls, 
Pegius Professor of Medicine ; resigned in 1880. 



B4 PROFESSORS. 

The following appointments have been made under the new 
Statute :— 

Lecturers in Ml dicine, 

1888 Edward Benjamin Gray, 1>.M.. Exeter. 

1884 Samuel Dukinfield Darbishire, D.M , BallioL 

1887 W Ai. i Kit TraaSLL Bbooks, 15. A., Ch. Ch., B.M\ Loud. 

Lecturers in Surgery. 
1883 Alfred Winkfield, F.P.c.s. 

1887 HOBATIO PlBGY SymOVDS, F.R.C.S. 



PiAWLINSONIAN PROFESSORSHIP OF ANGLO-SAXON. 

Founded by Richard Rawlinson, P.C.L., of St. John's College, who 
endowed it with sonic annual or fee-farm rents, payable out of certain 
lands in Lancashire. He directed that the Professorship should he 
tenable for five years only, that the several Colleges in the University 
should enjoy it one after another, but that St. John's College should 
have every fifth turn. The endowment took effect in 1795, forty years 
after his death, according to his desire. 

By a Statute, sanctioned by the Queen in Council in 1858, the Pro- 
fessorship was made tenable for life, any Member of Convocation be- 
came eligible, and the range of the Professor's lectures was no longer 
confined to the language of the Anglo-Saxons, but was made to take 
in also the history of that people, the old Low-German dialects, and 
the antiquities of Northern Europe. The election was vested in the 
Congregation of the University, and the stipend was augmented to <£300 
a-year from the University Chest. 

Under a Statute made by the Commissioners of 1877 the Professor's 
stipend remains as before ; the Professor is hereafter to be elected by a 
Board consisting of the Vice-Chan eel lor, the Merton Professor of 
English Language and Literature, the Corpus Christi Professor of 
Comparative Philology, the Principal Librarian of the British Mu- 
seum, and a person appointed on tach occasion by the Hebdomadal 
Council to act as an Elector on that occasion. 

The University may at any time by Statute determine that this 
Professorship shall be united with the Merton Professorship of English 
Language and Literature (see post, page 79), or shall be capable of 
being held with it. 

Professors. 

170;", Charles Mayo, TULA., Fellow of St. John's 

lsoo Thomas Hardcastle, M.A., Fellow of Merton 

L8I ■'.'> James Ingram, M A., Fellow, afterwards President, of Trinity 

1808 John Josias Conybeare, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch., afterwards Professor of 

Poetry 

1S12 Charles Pvson, M.A., Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Corpus 

1817 Thomas Silver. D.C.L , Fellow of St John's 

1822 Charles John Ridley, M.A., Fellow of University 

1827 Arthur Johnson, M.A., Fellow of "VYadham 



ALDRICHIAN TROFESSORSHirS OF ANATOMY, ETC. 63 

1829 Francis Pearson Walesbv, B.C.L., Fellow of Lincoln 

1834 Robert Meadowe White", HD, Fellow of Magdalen 

1839 Henry Bristol Wilson, 15 D., Fellow of St. John's 

1844 William Edward Buckley, M.A., Fellow of JBrasenose 

1849 John Earle, 31. A., Fellow of Oriel 

1854-1858 Vacant 

1858 Joseph Bosworth, D.TX, Ch.Ch., incorporated from Trinity College, Cambridge 

187b" John Eaule, M.A., sometime Fellow of Oriel, again. 



Aldkichian Professorships of Anatomy, the Practice 
of Medicine, and Chemistry. 

These three Professorships were founded by George Aldrich, D.M., 
sometime of Merton College, who by his Will, proved Jan. 26, 1798, 
bequeathed the residue of his property for their endowment in equal 
portions. This fund now amounts to .£12,794 10s. 2d. 

The revenues of the Professorship of Anatomy, (which was annexed 
by the founder himself to the Tomlins Prselectorship, and so to the 
Regius Professorship of Medicine,) have by various enactments, and 
ultimately by a Statute made by the Commissioners of 1877 concerning 
the Linacre Professor of Human and Comparative Anatomy, been 
made applicable to the payment of a Demonstrator or Demonstrators 
in Anatomy appointed by that Professor. 

The Professorship of the Practice of Medicine, which at first was 
in the gift of Convocation, and was held from 1803 to 1824 by Dr. 
Bourne, afterwards Clinical Professor, and from 1824 to 1857 by 
Dr. Ogle, Clinical Professor, was annexed under a Statute, sanctioned 
by the Queen in Council in 1858, and still operative, to the Eegius 
Professorship of Medicine. 

The Professorship of Chemistry was in the gift of Convocation. 
The stipend was augmented by King George IY, while Prince Eegent, 
by a grant of £100 from the revenues of the Crown ; which sum, since 
the remission of certain stamp duties in 1855, has been paid from the 
University Chest : and the whole is now, since the suppression of the 
Professorship in 1866, applied to the payment of the salary of a 
Demonstrator, and to the purchase of chemical apparatus or other 
means towards the promotion of the study of chemistry in the 
University. 

Professors of Chemistry. 

1803 John Kidd, D.M., Student of Ch. Ch. 

1822 Charles Giles Bridle Daubeny, D.M., Fellow of Magdalen 

1855 Benjamin Collins Brodie, B.A., Balliol ; afterwards Sir B. C. Brcdie, Bart. 
M.A. 

, Demonstrators. 

187?. Thomas JTeathrote Gerald Wyndham, MA., Fellow of Merton 
1873 "Walter 'William Fibhkb, 31 A , sometime Fellow of Corpus. 

E 



GG TROFESSORS. 



rnon>soi:siiii> of Pural Economy. 

Tins Professorship was founded under the will of John Sihthorp, P.M., 
Univ. rsity College, Professor of Botany 17< s 1- ( .m;, and attached by him 
to the Sherardian Professorship of Botany. 

Bj B Statute made by the University Commissioners of 1877 the two 
Professorships have Inch separated, and under a scheme sanctioned by 
the Chancery Division of the High Court of Justice in 1883 the Pro- 
fessor of Bnral Economy is elected by a Board consisting of the Vice- 
chancellor, the Sherardian Professor of Botany, the Professor of 
Geology, the Waynflete Professors of Physiology and of Chemistry, 
and the Presidents of the Royal and the Linnsean Societies. 

The Professor is to hold office for three years from election, at the 
end of which period he may be re-elected for a second term of three 
years, but no Professor is to hold the Professorship for more than six 
years consecutively. He is to lecture and give instruction on the scien- 
tific principles of Agriculture and Forestry, and to receive the emolu- 
ment of £200 a-year assigned to the Professorship by the Founder. 

Professor. 
18S4 JosErn Henry Gilbert, M.A., Magdalen ; re-elected in 1887. 



Professorships of Mineralogy and Geology. 

Lectures in Mineralogy and Geology having been delivered before 
the University by permission of the Vice- Chan cell or, King George IV, 
while Prince Regent, was pleased to endow two Chairs for those sub- 
jects by a grant of ,£100 a-year for each from the revenues of the 
Crown, the former in 1813, the latter in 1818. The stipends, after 
the remission of certain stamp duties in 1855, were paid from the 
University Chest, and the University augmented them by the further 
annual payment of £150 to the Professor of Mineralogy and of £300 
to the Professor of Geology, subject to certain conditions, whereof 
residence was one. The Professors were appointed by the Vice- 
Chancellor. 



Waynflete Professorship of Mineralogy. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and Magdalen College respectively, the Professor of Mineralogy 
is hereafter to be styled the Waynflete Professor of Mineralogy, and 
is to receive a stipend of £500 a-year, namely, £100 from the 
University Chest, and the residue, including the emoluments of a 
Fellowship in the College attached to the Professorship, from the 
revenues of Magdalen College. 



PROFESSORSHIP OF POLITICAL ECONOMY. 67 

He is to be elected by a Board consisting of the Visitor and the 
President of Magdalen College, the Professor of Experimental Philo- 
sophy, the Waynflete Professor of Chemistry, the Professor of Mineralogy 
in the University of Cambridge, the President of the Royal Society, and 
a person appointed on each occasion by the Hebdomadal Council to 
act as an Elector on that occasion. If the President of Magdalen College 
is unable to act as an Elector, the College may appoint a person to act 
in his stead. 

The Professor has charge of the Mineralogical Collection belonging 
to the University. 

Professors. 

1813 William Buckland, B.D., Fellow of Corpus; afterwards Canon of Ch. Ch , 

D.U. 
1856 Meiivin Herbert Nevil Story-Maskelyne, M.A., Hon. Fellow of Wadham. 



Peofessoeship of Geology. 

Under a Statute made by the Commissioners of 1877 the present 
stipend of <£*400 a-year from the University Chest is, as circumstances 
permit, to be augmented from that in default of any other source, to 
not less than ,£700 or more than ,£900 a-year ; the requirements as to 
residence by the Professor varying according to the stipend received by 
him for the time being. 

The Professor is elected by a Board consisting of the Vice-Chan- 
cellor, the Waynflete Professor of Chemistry, the Linacre Professor 
of Human and Comparative Anatomy, the Professor of Geology in the 
University of Cambridge, and the President of the Royal Society. 

Professors. 

1818 William Buckland, B.D., Fellow of Corpus; afterwards Canon of Ch. Ch., 

D.D. 
1856 John Phillips, M.A., Magdalen ; afterwards Plon. Fellow of Magdalen, and 

Hon. D.C.L. 
1874 Joseph Prestwich, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
1888 Alexander Henry Green, M.A., sometime Fellow of Gonville and Cams 

College, Cambridge. 



Peofessoeship of Political Economy, 

Founded in the year 1825 by Henry Drummond, Esq., of Albury 
Park, in the county of Surrey, and formerly of Christ Church, who 
charged his estate with a yearly rent of ,£'100 for the endowment. The 
Professor was to be elected by Convocation. The Profess* rship was not 
tenable for more than five years, and at first no one could be re-elected 
to it until after an interval of two years, but this latter restriction was 
abolished by a Statute made in December, 1867. 

e2 



GS rROFESSORS. 

Under Statnb a made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and All Sails College respectively, the emoluments derived from 
Mr. Drammond's Benefaction are to be augmented from the revenues 
of the College to £300 a-year, and the Professor is to receive from the 
Bame BOorce the additional yearly Bum of £200 as the emolument of 
a Fellowship to be held by him in the College, 

The Professor is elected by a Board consisting of the Chancellor of 
the University, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Regius Professor 
of Modern History, Whyte's Professor of Moral Philosophy, and a 
person nominated on each occasion by the Warden and Fellows of All 
Bonis College to act as an Elector on that occasion. He is to hold 
office for five years, but may be re-elected. 



Professors. 

1825 Nassau William Senior, M.A., sometime Fellow of Magdalen 

Is:?' i Richard Whately.D.D., Principal of St. Alban Hall 

1882 William Forster" Lloyd, 31. A., Student of Ch. < li. 

UKJ7 Herman Bferivale. 31. A., sometime Fellow of Balliol 

1842 Travels Twiss, D.C.L., Fellow of University ; afterwards Regius Professor 

of Civil Law 
1847 Nassau William Senior, again 
1852 George Kettilby Rickards, M.A., (afterwards Sir George Kettilby Rickords, 

K.C.B.), sometime Michel Fellow of Queen's 
Charles Neate, M.A., Fellow of Oriel 
1 362 James Edwin Thorold Rogers, M.A., Magdalen Hall 
1$68 Bonamv Frice, M.A., sometime Fellow of Worcester; re-elected in 1873, 

1878, and 18s?,. 
1S88 James Edwin Thorold Rogeks, M.A., Worcester. 



BODEX pROFESSOK OF SANSKEIT. 

The late Joseph Boden, Esq., Colonel in the East India Company's 
service, bequeathed the whole of his property to the University, for 
the purpose of promoting the study of Sanskrit literature, " being of 
" opinion that a more general and critical knowledge of the Sanskrit 
" language will be a means of enabling his Countrymen to proceed in 
"the conversion of the Natives of India to the Christian Religion, by 
"disseminating a knowledge of the Sacred Scriptures amongst them, 
"more effectually than all other means whatsoever." Regulations for 
carrying his purpose into effect by establishing a Professorship and 
Scholarships were made by Decrees of the Court of Chancery in 1830 
and I860. 

The yearly stipend of the Professor now amounts to ,£1000, which sum 
it is never to exceed. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and Balliol College respectively, a non-stipendiary Fellowship in 
that College is attached to the Professorship, and the Professor is here- 
after to be elected by a Board consisting of the Secretary of State for 



WYKEHAM rROFESSORSIIIP OF LOGIC. 69 

India, the Corpus Christi Professor of Comparative Philology, the 
Professor of Sanskrit in the University of Cambridge, a person nomi- 
nated on each occasion by the Hebdomadal Council, subject to the 
approval of Convocation, to act as an Elector on that occasion, and a 
person nominated on each occasion by lialliol College to act as an 
Elector on that occasion. 

Professors. 

1832 Horace Haymnn Wilson, M.A., Exoter 

1SG0 JSiit Monibb Mooter -Williams, MA., University, Hon. D.C.L.; Fellow 
ofBalliol; K.C.I.E. 

Deputy Professor. 
xVetuur Anthony Macdoxell, M.A., Corpus. 



WYKEHAM PkOFESSOESHIF OF LOGIC. 

Anciently it was the duty of every Regent M.A. to give instruction 
in the Arts in which he had graduated ; afterwards the University 
provided that in four of them, for which no Chair had been endowed, 
namely, Grammar, Rhetoric, Logic, and Metaphysics, Lectures should 
be regularly given by Readers appointed for the purpose, who received 
stipends from a small tax levied upon the Inceptors of each year and 
upon the Students who Mere bound to attend the Lectures. After the 
introduction of the Procuratorial Cycle in 1629, these Readers were 
chosen according to that Cycle, and held office for two years. At 
length these Lectures, like the Lectures on Moral Philosophy, fell 
into disuse, and even the form of electing Eeaders was dropped, 
although the tax for their maintenance was still collected. This con- 
tinued till the year 1831), when a Statute was passed, which, omitting 
the subjects of Grammar, Rhetoric, and Metaphysics, directed that 
there should be a regular Praslector of Logic, elected by Convocation 
for a period of ten years, but capable of re-election, who should receive 
as his stipend the produce of a small tax levied upon all Members of 
the University below the degree of Master of Arts. P>y subsequent 
Statutes the stipend was raised to ,£"400 a-year, and the Professorship 
made tenable for life. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Uni- 
versity and New College respectively, the Professorship is henceforth 
to be styled the Wykeham Professorship of Logic ; a Professor-Fellow- 
ship in New College is attached to the Chair ; and the stipend is fixed 
at ,£900 a-year, namely, £400 from the University Chest, and £300, 
with the emoluments, amounting to £200, of an Ordinary Fellowship, 
from the revenues of New College. The Professor is to be elected by 
a Board consisting of the Vice-Chancellor, the Sedleian Professor of 
Natural Philosophy, \V byte's Professor of Moral Philosophy, a person 
nominated on each occasion by the Warden and Fellows of New Col- 



70 PBOFESSOBS. 

lege to net a*; an Elector on thai occasion, and a person nominated as 
a permanenl Elector by the Hebdomadal Council, subject to the approval 
oi ( lonYocation. 

Professors. 

1839 Richard MichelL, B.D., Fellow of Lincoln: afterwards Public Orator, and 
Principal of Magdalen Ball: Principal of Hertford College; D.I). 

1849 Henry Wall, M.A., Fellow of Balliol 

L873 Thou \b Fowlkk, 31. A., Fellow of Lincoln ; afterwards President of Corpus ; 
D.D. 



Eegius Peofessoeships of Pastokal Theology and 
Ecclesiastical History. 

An Act of Parliament of the year 1840, Stat. 3 & 4 Yict. c. 113, 
directed that two Canonries of Christ Church when next vacant should 
he annexed to two new Professorships, which Her Majesty was in- 
tending to found in this University ; and in 1842 these two Chairs 
were established by Letters Patent under the Great Seal, the Univer- 
sity having undertaken to pay a yearly stipend of ^300 to each Pro- 
fessor until he should succeed to his Canonry, The first Canonry fell 
vacant in 1849, the second in 1858. 

Begins Professors of Pastoral Theology. 

1842 Charles Atmore Ogilvie, D.D., sometime Fellow of Balliol; afterwards 

Canon of Ch. Ch. 
1873 Edward King, M.A., Oriel ; D.D. 
1885 Francis Paget, M.A., sometime Student of Ch. Ch. ; D.D. 

Eegius Professors of Ecclesiastical History. 

1842 Robert Hussey, B.D., Student of Ch. Ch. 

1856 Arthur Penrhyn Stanley. M.A., sometime Fellow of University : D.D. 

1864 Walter Waddington Shirley, M.A., sometime Fellow ofWadham; D.D. 

1867 Henry Longueville Mansel, B.D., sometime Fellow of St. John's, and 

Waynflete Professor of Moral Philosophy; D D. 

1868 William Bkight, M.A., Fellow of University ; D.D. 



Peofessoeship of the Exegesis of Holy Scbiptuee. 

This Professorship was founded by John Ireland, D.D., of Oriel 
College, Dean of Westminster, the Founder of the Scholarships which 
bear his name, who bequeathed to the University the sum of <£10,000 
in £3 per cent. Consolidated Annuities for its endowment. He died 
in 1842, and his bequest took effect in 1847. Owing to a change in 
the investment of the endowment fund the stipend of the Professor now 
amounts to about ,£390 a-year. The Professor is appointed by the 
Heads of Colleges and Halls. 



PROFESSORSHIP OF THE LATIN LANGUAGE, ETC. 71 

The Professorship is tenable with the Oriel Professorship of the 
Interpretation of Holy Scripture (see post, p. 78). 

Professors. 

1847 Edward Hawkins, D.D., Provost of Oriel 

1861-?Robert Scott, D.D., Master of BaUiol 

1870 Henry Parry Liddon, M.A., student of Ch. Ch . Hon. P.C.L., D.D. 

1882 William Sahday, M.A., sometime Fellow of Trinity; Fellow of Exeter. 



Peofessoeship of Modeen European Languages. 

Founded in fulfilment of the intention of Sir Robert Taylor, (for 
which see the article on the " Taylor Institution,") and endowed with 
a stipend of £500 a-year from the Taylor fund, but suppressed in 
1869. The Professor was elected by the Curators of the Institution, 
subject to the approval of Convocation, for five years at a time, after 
which he might be elected again. He was obliged to be matriculated 
before his admission to the office. 

Professors. 

1S4S Frederick Henrv Trithen (Dr. Ph.), M.A., University 
1SJ4 Friedrich Max Midler, M.A., Ch. Ch.; Fellow of All Souls. 



Coepus Cheisti Peofessoeship of the Latin Language 

AND LlTEEATGRE. 

Founded in 1854, as the Corpus Professorship of Latin Literature, by 
the President and Fellows of Corpus Christi College in accordance with 
the intention of their Founder, Bishop Fox, and endowed with a sti- 
pend of ,£600 a-year from the revenues of the College, the Professor 
occupying the position of an Honorary Fellow in that Society. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the F/ni- 
versity and Corpus Christi College respectively, an Official Fellowship 
in that College is attached to the Professorship, and the Professor is 
to receive from the College a stipend of £700 a-year, in addition to 
the emoluments, amounting to £200 a-year, of an Ordinary Fellowship. 
On the falling in of a bequest made by the late John Conington, 
M.A., the fir*t holder of the Professorship, for the endowment of his 
Chair, the above mentioned payment of £700 a-year will be reduced 
b}' the amount of such bequest. 

The Professor is henceforth to be elected by a Board consisting of 
the Vice-Chancellor, the Regius Professor of Greek, the Camden 
Professor of Ancient History the Professor of Latin in the University 
of Cambridge, a member of Corpus Christi College nominated on each 
occasion by the College to act on that occasion, a person nominated as 



72 PROFESSORS. 

a permanent Elector by the College subject to the approval of Convo- 
cation, and a person similarly nominated by the Hebdomadal Council, 
subject to the Bame approval. 

Professor 8. 

1854 John Caningtan, "M.A., Fellow of University 

1870 E<1\\ in Palmer, M.A.. sometime Fellow, afterwards Hon. Fellow, of Balliol ; 

Canon ofCh. Ch., 1>1>. 
1878 IIi:nuv Nkttleshii', M.A., sometime Fellow of Lincoln ; Fellow of Corpus. 



Chichele Peofessoeship of International Law. 

This Professorship was founded by the Ordinance of the University 
Commissioners of 1854 relating to All Souls College, the Professor 

being designated " Chichele's Professor of International Law and 
Diplomacy," and was endowed with the emoluments of five suppressed 
Fellowships in the College. 

The first Professor was elected in 1859. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and for All Souls College respectively, the stipend of the Professor, 
who is now designated the " Chichele Professor of International Law," 
-will hereafter be ,£900 a-year, of which £200 is the emolument of a 
Fellowship to be held by him in All Souls College, and £700 a pay- 
ment from the revenues of the College. The Professor is to be elected 
by a Board consisting of the Visitor of All Souls College, the Lord 
( iiancellor of Great Britain, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 
the President of the Probate, Divorce, and Admiralty Division of the 
High Court of Justice, and a person nominated on each occasion by 
the \Yarden and Fellows of All Souls College to act as an Elector on 
that occasion. 

Professors. 

1859 Mmmtosme Bernard, B.C.L., sometime Scholar of Trinity ; afterwards Fellow 

of All Souls ; D.C.L. 
1>74 Thomas Erskine Holland. M.A., B.C.L., sometime Fellow of Exeter; 

Fellow of All Souls ; D.C.L. 



Chichele Peofessoeship of Modern Histoey. 

This Professorship was founded by the same Ordinance and with the 
same endowment as the Professorship of International Law and Diplo- 
macy. The first Professor was elected in 1862. 

The future endowment of the Professorship is provided for to the 
same extent and in the same manner as that of the Professorship of 
International Law. 

The Professor is to be elected by a Board consisting of the Visitor 
of All Souls College, the Chancellor of the University, the Regius 



WATNPLETB PROFESSORSHIP OF CHEMISTRY. 73 

Professor of Modern History, the Camden Professor of Ancient History, 
;u id a person nominated on each occasion by the Warden and Fellows 
of All Souls College to act as an Elector on that occasion. 

Professor. 
1SG2 Montagu Burrows, M.A., Magdalen Hall ; Fellow of All Souls. 



Waynflete Professorship of Moral and Metaphysical 

Philosophy. 

This was one of four Professorships directed by the Ordinance of 
the University Commissioners of 1854 relating to Magdalen College 
to be founded within that College in lieu of three Protectorships 
mentioned in its ancient Statutes, and to be maintained with a stipend 
of ,£600 a-year for each. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and for Magdalen College respectively, the Professor's stipend will 
ultimately consist of the emoluments (amounting to ,£200 a-year) of a 
Fellowship in the College attached to the Professorship, and of a pay- 
ment of ,£600 a year from the corporate revenues of the College. 

The Professor is to be elected by a Board consisting of the Chan- 
cellor of the University, the Visitor and the President of Magdalen 
College, the Eegius Professors of Divinity and of 'Civil Law, the 
Wykeham Professor of Logic, and a person nominated on each occasion 
by the Hebdomadal Council to act as an Elector on that occasion. If 
the President of Magdalen College is unable to act as an Elector, the 
College may appoint a person to act in his stead. 

Professors. 

1859 Henry Longueville Mansel, B.D., sometime Fellow of St. John's ; afterwards 

Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History ; D.D. 
1867 Hexry William Chaxller, M.A., Fellow of Pembroke. 



Waynflete Pkofessoeship of Chemistry. 

This was another of the four Professorships directed by the Ordinance 
of the University Commissioners of 1854 relating to Magdalen College 
to be founded within the College. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and for Magdalen College respectively, the Professor's stipend will 
ultimately consist of the emoluments (amounting to ,£200 a-year) of a 
Fellowship in the College attached to the Professorship, and of a payment 
of d£600 a-year from the revenues of the College. 

The Professor is to be elected by a Board, consisting of the Visitor 
and the President of Magdalen College, the Professor of Experimental 
Philosophy, the Professor of Chemistry in the University of Cam- 
bridge, the President of the College of Physicians, the President of 



i [ FROFESSOKS. 

th.> Bojal Society, and a person nominated on eacli occasion by the 
Hebdomadal Council to ad as an Elector on that occasion. 

The Professor has the charge of the Chemical Laboratories at the 
University Museum. 

Professors. 

1865 Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, Bart, B.A., Balliol, M.A. 
l^7_' William Odling, 31. A., Fellow of Worcester. 



Linacre Professorship of Human and Comparative 

Anatomy. 

Under Ordinances of the University Commissioners of 1854 relating 
to Merton College, a Professorship called the " Linacre Professorship 
of Physiology" was founded, and endowed with the emoluments of four 
Fellowships in that College to an amount not exceeding ,£800 a-year. 

Under a Statute made for the University by the Commissioners of 
1877 the designation of the Professorship was changed to that of the 
" Linacre Professorship of Human and Comparative Anatomy," and 
under Statutes made by the same Commissioners for Merton College a 
Fellowship in that College, with, an emolument of ,£200 a-year, was 
attached to the Professorship, and a further stipend of £700 a-year 
directed to be -paid by the College to the Professor. 

The Professor is elected by a Board consisting of the Visitor of 
Merton College, the Presidents of the College of Physicians and 
the College of Surgeons, the "Waynflete Professor of Physiology, a 
member of Merton College appointed by the College on the occasion of 
each election to act as an Elector on that occasion, the Kegius Pro- 
fessor of Medicine, and a person appointed on each occasion by the 
Hebdomadal Council to act as an Elector on that occasion. 

The Professor has the charge of the Anatomical and Ethnological 
Collections and the Anatomical Laboratories in the University 
Museum. 

Professors. 

I860 George Polleston, D.M., Fellow of Pembroke 

1^1 IIenhy Nottidge Moseley, M.A., sometime Fellow of Exeter; Fellow 
of Merton. 

Demonstrator of Anatomy. 

(See ante page 65. ) 

1SG0 Charles Eobertson. 



Hope Professorship of Zoology. 

Founded in 1861 by the Rev. Frederick William Hope, M.A. and 
Hon. D.C.L., formerly of Ch. Ch., to whose munificence the University 
is also indebted for a large Entomological Collection, a library of 



CORPUS CHRISTI PROFESSORSHIP OF PHILOLOGY. 75 

Natural History, and a vast Collection of Engraved Portraits, and en- 
dowed l>y him with a capital sum of £10,000 New £3 per cent. 
Annuities. Mr. Hope died in the early part of 1862 ; and shortly 
afterwards his widow, in fulfilment of his intentions, transferred to the 
University a second sum of £10,000 in the same stock, and assigned 
one-third of the dividends to the Professor in augmentation of his 
stipend. Mrs. Hope assigned another third part of the dividends as a 
stipend for the Keeper of the Hope Collection of Engravings men- 
tioned at the end of the article on the Bodleian Library, and directed 
the remainder to be applied in equal portions to keeping up and in- 
creasing the two Hope Collections. In December, 18G4, Mrs. Hope 
gave a further sum of £1666 13s. 4d. in the same Stock, to augment 
the stipend of the Keeper of the Engravings, for the purpose of en- 
abling him to employ an assistant and to meet expenses incidental to 
his duties. Owing to a change of investment the annual income of 
the combined endowments now amounts to about £800, of which the 
Professor's share is eight-thirteenths, the Keeper's three-thirteenths, 
and the residue is paid to the Curators of the Hope Collections. 

The Founder himself nominated the first Professor ; but the elec- 
tion is now vested in the Curators of the Hope Collections and the 
Linacre Professor. At the time of his admission he must be at least a 
Master of Arts or a Bachelor of Civil Law or Medicine. He is required 
to superintend and arrange the Hope Collection of Annulose Animals, 
and to take charge of the Natural History portion of the Hope Library. 

The Hope Curators are the Vice-Chancellor, the two Proctors, the 
Eegius Professor of Medicine, the Keeper of the Ashmolean Mu- 
seum, and the Hope Professor by virtue of their respective offices, with 
two non-official Curators, nominated as occasion may require by the 
Curators for the time being, subject to the approval of Convocation. 
The present non-official Curators are Sir Henry W. Acland, K.C.B., 
P.M., late Fellow of All Souls, Edward Chapman, M.A., Fellow of 
Magdalen, and Henry N. Moseley, M.A., Fellow of Merton, Linacre 
Professor of Human and Comparative Anatomy. 

Professor. 
1861 John Obadiah Westwood, M. A., Hon. Fellow of Magdalen. 



Corpus Christi Professorship of Comparative Philologt. 

This Professorship was founded by the University in 1868, and 
endowed with a stipend of £600 a-year. The Statute of Foundation 
named the first Professor. 

Provision having been made under Statutes made by the Com- 
missioners of 1877 for Corpus Christi College for the endowment of the 
Professorship out of the revenues of that College, the Professorship is 
henceforth to be styled the " Corpus Christi Professorship of Comparative 
Philology." 

The Professor is to receive from the College a stipend of £700 



7G PEOFESSOBS. 

a-war, io addition to tlic emoluments (,£200 a-year) of a Fellowship 
in the College attached i<> the Professorship. 

Be is t<> be elected by a Board consisting of the Regius Professor of 
Hebrew and Greek, the Corpus Christi Professor of the Latin Lan- 
guage and Literature, the Boden Professor of Sanskrit, the Pawlin- 
Bonian Professor of Anglo-Saxon, a member of Corpus Christi College 
nominated on each occasion by the College to act as an Elector on that 
occasion, and a person nominated as a permanent Elector by the 
College subject to the approval of Convocation. 

Professor. 

1568 Friedricu Mas Mullbb, 31. A., Fellow of All Souls, sometime Taylorian 

Professor of Modern European Languages. 

Deputy Professor 1 . 
] v 7i'. Archibald Henry Sayce, M.A., Fellow of Queen's. 

Coepus Cheisti Peofessoeship of Jueispeudence. 

This Professorship was founded in 1869 by the President and Fellows 
of Corpus Christi College, and endowed with a stipend of ,£600 a-year 
from the revenues of the College. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877 for the Univer- 
sity and Corpus Christi College respectively, a Fellowship in that 
College, with an emolument of ,£'200 a-year, is annexed to the Pro- 
fessorship, and the Professor also receives from the College a stipend, 
if he be resident, of £700 a-year, and if not, of £300 a year. 

The Professor holds office for five years from election, but is re- 
eligible. The Board of Electors consists of the Pegius Professor of 
Civil Law, the Chichele Professor of International Law and Diplomacy, 
a member of Corpus Christi College nominated on each occasion by 
the College to act as an Elector on that occasion, a person (at present 
Albert Venn Dicey, B.C.L., M.A., Vinerian Professor of Common Law) 
nominated as a permanent Elector by Corpus Christi College subject to 
the approval of Convocation, and a person (at present William Markby, 
D.C.L., Fellow of All Souls.) nominated as a permanent Elector by 
the Hebdomadal Council subject to the like approval. 

The Professor is required to reside within the University for twenty- 
eight days at least in each academical year, during full University 
Term ; and in order to complete such residence he must have passed 
twenty-eight nights in Oxford. One clear week-day at least must inter- 
vene between the delivery by him cf any two of his statutable lectures. 

Professors. 

1569 Henry .Tamos Sumner Maine, (LL.D., Trinity Hall, Cambridge"), Hon. 

D.C.L. M.A., Corpus, afterwards Sir H. J. S. Maine, K.C.S.I., Master of 
Trinity Hall, Cambridge. 
1883 Frederick Pollock l ML A. .sometime Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge), 
M. A., Fellow of Corpus ; re-elected in 1888. 

1 Appointed under Decree of Convocation of February 15, 1876. 



WAYNFLETE PROFESSORSHIP OF PHYSIOLOGY. 77 



Slade Professorship of Fine Art. 

Founded in 1869 in pursuance of the Will of Felix Slade, Esq., and 
endowed by his Executors with a capital sum of .£12,000 Reduced £o 
per cent. Annuities (now represented by £12,203 lis. 11*7. invested i n 
mortgage and £34 3*. 10c/. Reduced Annuities, the combined income 
amounting to about £400 a-year). The Professor is elected for three 
years only, but may be re-elected. The election is made by a beard 
of seven persons, namely, three Curators of the University Galleries, 
Bodley's Librarian, the President of the Royal Academy of London, 
the President of University College, London, and one other appointed 
for the present by Mr. Slade's Executors. 

Professors. 

18T.9 John Raskin, M.A., Hon. Student of Ch. Ck. 

1879 Willinm Blake Richmond, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

1883 John Ruskin, M.A., re-elected 

1885 Hubert Herkomer, M.A., Hon. Fellow of All Souls. 



Professor of Chinese. 

James Legge (LL.D. Aberdeen), M.A. Corpus, was appointed in 1870 
for life or for so long as he shall think fit to retain the office. The 
stipend consists of an annuity arising from a capital sum of about 
£3000 raised by promoters of the study of Chinese, to which are added 
the emoluments of one of the Fellowships of Corpus Christi College and 
,£100 a-year paid out of the University Chest. 



Professorship of Celtic. 

Founded in 187G by the Principal and Fellows of Jesus College, and 
now by them endowed with £400 a-year ; the stipend is made up to 
£000 a-year from the University Chest. 

The Professor is elected by the Vice-Chancellor, the Principal of 
Jesus College, the Corpus Christi Professor of Comparative Philology, 
a person nominated on each occasion by Jesus College to act as an 
Elector on that occasion, and a person nominated as a permanent Elector 
by the Hebdomadal Council subject to the approval of Convocation. 

Professor. 
1877 John Rh£s, M.A., sometime Fellow of Merton ; Fellow of Jesus. 

Waynflete Professorship of Physiology. 

This Professorship was founded by a Statute made for the University 
by the Commissioners of 1877. The Professor is elected by a board 
consisting of the Visitor and the President of Magdalen College, the 
Regius Professor cf Medicine, the Linacre Professor of Human and 



78 rnoFEssons. 

Comparative Anatomy, the Presidents of the College of Surgeons and 
t!ir College of Physicians, and a person appointed on each occasion by 
the Hebdomadal Council t<> act as an Elector on that occasion. If the 
President of Magdalen < lollege is nnable to act as an Elector, the College 
may appoint a person to act in his stead. 

Under Statutes made by the same Commissioners for Magdalen Col- 

. a Fellowship in the College, with an emolument of ,£200 a-year, 

is attached to the Professorship, and the Professor receives in addition, 

out of the corporate revenues of the College, the annual sum of £000. 

Professor. 
1SS3 John Scott Bitidon Sanderson, M. A., Fellow of Magdalen. 



Oriel Professorship of the Interpretation of 
Holy Scripture. 

Under Statutes made by the Commissioners of 1877, for the Univer- 
sity and for Oriel College respectively, it was provided that a Canonry 
in Rochester Cathedral, formerly annexed to the Provostship of Oriel 
College, should on a vacancy be severed therefrom, and be henceforth 
permanently annexed to a Professorship in the University, to be called 
the " Oriel Professorship of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture." 
These provisions took effect on the death, in 1882, of Dr. Hawkins, 
formerly Provost of Oriel College. 

Ko person is eligible to the Professorship who is not in Priest's 
Orders of the Church of England. 

The Professor is elected by a board consisting of the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, the Bishop of Rochester, the Vice-Chancellor, the Provost 
of Oriel College, and the Regius Professor of Divinity. 

The Professorship is tenable with Dean Ireland's Professorship of 
the Exegesis of Holy Scripture (see ante, p. 70). 

Professors. 

1883 John Wordsworth, M. A., Fellow of Brasenose; Fellow of Oriel 

1SS5 Thomas Kelly Cheyne, M. A., sometime Fellow of Balliol ; Fellow of Oriel. 



Ford's Professorship of English History. 

In 1870 the University accepted a bequest of ,£2000 in £3 per cent. 
Reduced Annuities, which was contained in the "Will of the Rev. James 
Ford, B.D., formerly Fellow of Trinity College and Vicar of Kavestock, 
Essex. The amount of the bequest is to be allowed to accumulate 
until it produces the clear annual sum of £100, which annual sum 
is to be applied for the founding and endowing of a Professor, to be 
called Ford's Professor of English History. The accumulation has now 
reached the prescribed limit, but no Statute has yet been framed to 
regulate the mode of appointment to, or the duties of, the Chair. 



MERTON PROFESSORSHIP OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE, ETC. 79 

Lincoln and Merton Professorship of Classical 
Archaeology and Art. 

This Professorship was established by the University Commissioners 
under the Act of 1877, but owing to the disapproval of the Statutes 
made by them for Lincoln College the Professorship was not finally con- 
stituted until 1884. Merton College was associated with Lincoln in 
the endowment of the Professorship under a Statute made by the 
University in 1887. 

The Professor is elected by a Board consisting of a person nominated 
on each occasion by the Sector and Fellows of Lincoln College to act 
as an Elector on that occasion, two persons respectively nominated in 
like manner by Merton College and by the Hebdomadal Council, the 
Regius Professor of Greek, the Corpus Professor of Latin, the Camden 
Professor, and the principal Keeper of Antiquities in the British 
Museum. 

His duties are to lecture and give instruction on the arts and manu- 
factures, monuments, coins, and inscriptions of classical antiquity, and 
on Asiatic and Egyptian antiquities, or on some of those subjects. 
He also has the charge of the University Collection of Casts, and of the 
Arundel and Pom fret Marbles. 

The emoluments of the Professorship consist of a Fellowship in 
Lincoln College, and of ,£300 a year, or such other sum as shall 
represent the value of one Fellowship in Merton College. 

Professors. 

1P85 William Mitchell Ramsay, M.A., Fellow of Exeter ; Fellow of Lincoln. 
1887 Percy Gardner, M.A., sometime Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge : 
Fellow of Lincoln. 

Merton Professorship of Exglish Language and 
Literature. 

This Professorship was founded in 1885 under a Statute made by 
the University Commissioners of 1877. 

The Professor is elected by a Board consisting of the Regius Pro- 
fessor of Modern History, the Corpus Professor of Comparative Philo- 
logy, the principal Librarian of the British Museum, Bodley's Librarian, 
and a member of Merton College appointed by the College at each 
election to act as an Elector on that occasion. 

The duties of the Professor are to lecture and give instruction in the 
history and criticism of the English Language and Literature, and on 
the works of approved English authors. 

The emoluments will ultimately consist of a stipend of ,£700 a year 
in addition to a FelloAvship in Merton College. At present the Pro- 
fessor receives a fixed sum of ,£'900 a year. 

The University may at any time by Statute determine that this 
Professorship shall be united with that of Anglo-Saxon, or be capable 
of being held with it. 

Professor. 
1885 Arthur SAiirsox Napier, M. A., Exeter ; Fellow of Merton. 



so 



LEADERSHIPS. 



Leadership of Ancient History. 

By a Statute passed in 1868 a Readership of Ancient History waa 
instituted for ten years from the beginning of Easter Term 18G8, and 
endowed with a stipend of ^£'200 a-year payable from the revenues of 
Brasenoee College under an Ordinance of the University Commissioners 
of 1854. It was prolonged by subsequent Decrees of Convocation 
until the end of Michaelmas Term 1883. The Leader was a 
Member of Convocation, elected by a board consisting of the Vice- 
Chancellor, the Principal and one of the Fellows of Brasenose, the 
( lamderi Professor of Ancient History, "Whyte's Professor of Moral 
Philosophy, the Chichele Professor of International Law, and the Senior 
Examiner in the Classical School. 

Readers. 

1868 William Lambert Newman, M.A., Fellow of Balliol 

1^70 William Wolfe Capes, M.A., sometime Fellow of Queen's; Fellow of 
Hertford l . 



Readership in Indian History. 

The Eeader is nominated by the Yice-Chancellor and Proctors, the 
Regius Professor of Modern History, and the Professor of Sanskrit, to 
hold office (except in the case of the present Eeader, who is appointed 
for life) for seven years. He is required to give lectures in Indian 
History and Geography. He receives an annual stipend of ,£350 from 
the University Chest, and certain fees from students. 

Eeader. 
1878 Sidney James Owen, M.A.2, Student of Ch. Ch. 



Eeadership in Indian Law. 

The Eeader is nominated by the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors, the 
Professor of Comparative Philology, and the Corpus Professor of Juris- 
prudence, to hold office for seven years. He is required to give lec- 
tures on Indian Law, and on the Indian Systems of Land-Tenure and 

1 In 18S4 Mr. Capes was appointed by the Delegates of the Common University Fund 
to a Readership in Ancient History under the Statute Concerning University Readers. 

2 Mr. Owen had previously held the appointment of Teacher of Indian Law and 
History, having been originally appointed Teacher of Indian Law in 1801. 



UNIVERSITY READERSHIPS. 81 

Land-Revenue. He receives an annual stipend of ,£300 from the Uni- 
versity Chest, and certain fees from students. 

Reader. 

1878 William Matikbt.M. A., Merton; D.C.L.; Fellow of All Souls ; Fellow of 
Balliol ; re-elected in 1885. 

Readership in Roman Law. 

Founded in 1881 under a Statute made by the University of Oxford 
Commissioners, by which it is provided that until the Regius Professor- 
ship of Civil Law shall fill vacant, or until the then existing Regius 
Professor shall, by his own consent, become subject to any Statutes for 
the future regulation of that Professorship and the duties of the Pro- 
fessor which may be made by the Commissioners, a Reader in Roman 
Law shall be appointed from time to time for successive periods of 
three years. 

The Reader is elected by the Regius Professor of Civil Law, the 
Chichele Professor of International Law and Diplomacy, the Corpus 
Professor of Jurisprudence, the Chairman for the time being of the 
Council of Legal Education appointed by the Inns of Court in London, 
and a person nominated by the Warden and Fellows of All Souls 
College, with a view to each election. 

The Reader is required to lecture, and to give private instruction, on 
Roman Law and the sources and history thereof. He receives an 
annual stipend of ,£400 from the revenues of All Souls College. 

Header. 
1881 Erwin Grueber, Jur.Doct, University of Munieh ; M. A., Balliol ; re-elected 

in 1S84 and 1887. 

University Readerships. 

A Statute made by the University Commissioners of 1877 directed 
the appointment of a number (to be ultimately not less than seven) of 
University Readers, whose duty it should be to lecture and give 
instruction in the subject or branch of study for which they are 
respectively appointed, having regard to the arrangements made or 
proposed to be made by the Professors, if any, lecturing in the same 
department of study. 

The emoluments of these Readers are provided from a fund called 
the Common University Fund, which is chiefly formed by levying, 
under the authority of another Statute of the Commissioners, a per- 
centage on the annual revenues of Colleges. The administration of 
this fund is committed to a board, designated the Delegates of the 
Common University Fund. Every appointment of a University 
Reader is made by these Delegates or by persons nominated by them 
for the purpose. The ordinary stipend of a Reader is ,£300 a year, 
and the Readerships are generally tenable for a term not exceeding 
five years. The University however has power by Statute or Decree 
to make other regulations respecting these and similar matters. 

E 



82 I ■NIYr.KSITY READERSHirS. 

The following appointments have been made: — 

Faculty of Theology. 

Reader fa Ecclesiastical History. 

1884 Edwin Hatch, M.A., St. Mary Hall 

Faculty of Law. 

Reader in English Law. 
1884 Thomas Raleigh, M. A., Fellow of All Souls 

Faculty of Natural Science. 

Header in Anthropology. 

1884 Edward Burnett Tylor, M.A., Hon. D.C.L., Balliol 

Lecturer in Human Anatomy. 

1885 Arthur Thomson, M.A., Exeter 

Faculty of Aets. 

(1) Literas Humaniores. 

Reader in Greeh. 
1883 Ingram Bywater, M.A., Fellow of Exeter 

Reader hi Latin. 
1883 Robinson Ellis, M.A., Fellow of Trinity 
Readers in Ancient History. 

1883 William Wolfe Capes, M.A., Fellow of Hertford 
1887 Henry Francis Pelham, M.A., Fellow of Exeter 

Reader in Geography. 
1887 Halford John Mackinder, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

(2) Oriental Languages. 
Reader in Rahbinical Literature. 

1884 Adolf Neubauer, M.A., Exeter 

(3) Modern History. 

Reader in Foreign History. 
1884 Charles William Boase, M. A., Fellow of Exeter 



GRINFIELD LECTUEE 
Ox the LXX Version of the Hebrew Scriptures. 

Founded in 1859 by the Rev. Edward Grinfield, M.A., formerly of 
Lincoln College, who then gave ,£1000 in ,£3 per cent. Consolidated 
Annuities for the endowment. The endowment has since been aug- 
mented by a further gift of ,£500 in 1864, and by one of £400 in 
1873. The Lecturer, who must be in Holy Orders and at least a 



TEACHERSHIPS. 83 

Master of Arts, is elected by the Hebdomadal Council for two years. 
He is not to be considered as a Public University Professor or Keader. 

Lecturers. 

1859 Robert Gandell, M.A., Magdalen Hall ; Fellow of Hertford 

1861 Edward H. Hansell, B.D., sometime Fellow of Magdalen 

1863 John Day Oollis, D.D., sometime Fellow of Worcester 

1865 James A. Hessey, D.C.L., sometime Fellow of St. John's 

1867 James A. Hessey, again 

1869 William Kav, D.D., sometime Fellow of Lincoln 

1871 Wharton Booth Marriott, B.D., Exeter 

1872 Edward Haves Plumptre, M.A., Brasenose 
1874 John William Nutt, M.A., Fellow of All Souls 
1876 John Wordsworth, M.A., Brasenose 

1878 Edward Cooper Woollconibe, M.A., Fellow of Balliol 

1880 Edwin Hatch, M.A., St. Mary Hall 

1882 Edwin Hatch, again 

1884 Henrv Deane, B.D., Fellow of St. John's 

1886 Alfred Edersheim, M.A., Ch. Ch., afterwards of Exeter 

1888 Alfred Edersheim, again. 



TEACHEKSHIPS OF MODERN EUROPEAN LANGUAGES. 

In fulfilment of tbe intention of Sir Robert Taylor, and in connection 
with tbe Taylor Institution, tbere are Teachers of tbe German, French, 
Italian, and Spanish Languages, who are appointed by tbe Curators of 
tbe Institution, subject to the approval of Convocation. Each receives 
from tbe Taylor Fund an annual stipend of £ 200, augmented by a 
fee of £1 payable by every one who attends a course of Lectures (except 
by those who have attended two courses and paid twice), and by some 
additional payment from tbe Fund, at tbe discretion of tbe Curators. 

Teachers. 

German — 1847 Wilhelm Fradersdorff. 

1862 Joseph Overheck. 

1863 Bobert Bertram. 

1873 Albert Hamann, Hon. M.A. 

1880 Arthur Anthony Macdoxell, B.A., Corpus ; M.A. 

French— 1847 Jules T. T. Bue, Hon. M.A., Magdalen. 

Italian — 1856 Aurelio Saffi. 

1861 Vital de Tivoli, Hon. M.A. 

1883 Carlo Felice Coscia, B.A. of the University of Turin; Hon. 
M.A. 

Spanish — 1858 Rev. Lorenzo Lucena, Hon. M.A. 
(Vacant) 

TEACHERSHIPS OF HINDUSTANI AND PERSIAN 
AND OF TELUGU. 

In order to provide necessary instruction for Undergraduates who 
have been selected, after competitive examination in London, for the 
Civil Service of the Crown in India, the University in 1859 appointed 
a Teacher of tbe Hindustani Language, assigning him an annual 
stipend of ,£150 from tbe University Chest, and allowing him to receive 
certain fees from students. This Teachership was, in 1878, made a 

F 2 



84 TEACIIERSIIIPS. 

Teachenhip of Hindustani and Persian. The Teachership of Hin- 
dustani and Peraian lias since been abolished, and two new Teacher- 
ships, one of each language, formed, which may, however, be held by 
the same person. A Teachership of Telugu has also been instituted. 
The T( nli. rs are nominated by the Yice-Chancellor and Proctors and 
the Professors of Sanskrit and Comparative Philology, to hold office for 
three years. Each Teacher receives an annual stipend of £ 200 from 
tli^ University Chest and certain fees from students. In the event 
of flu- Teachershins of Hindustani and of Persian being held by the 
same person, the Teacher receives an annual stipend of ,£300. The 
Teacher of Telugu is to give instruction, if needful, in Tamil. 

Teachers of Hindustani. 

1ST>0 Joseph Chambers, Lient.-Colonel, formerly of the Indian Army, Hon. M.A. 
18S0 Robert St. John, formerly Captain 53rd Regiment, Hon. M.A., Balliol. 

Teacher of Persian. 
1880 John Thompson Platts, Hon. M.A., Balliol. 

Teachers of Telugu. 

1878 Thomas Howley, Hon. M.A., Balliol. 
1884 Geokge Uglow Pope, Hon. M.A. 



85 



INSTITUTIONS. 



Bodleian Libkary. 

In the year 1480 the room over the Divinity School, -which is now 
the central limb of the public portion of the Bodleian Library, and 
which was then just finished, became the repository of the books which 
the University had acquired by gift from various benefactors, especially 
from Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, who also contributed liberal] y 
to the building. But before the end of the reign of Edward VI, 
partly through careless management, and partly through extravagant 
zeal, it had been so entirely rifled of its contents that not one volume 
remained ; and in 1556 the University, hopeless of its restoration, sold 
the benches and fittings, and left the walls bare. In this state it re- 
mained above forty years, till in 1598 Thomas Bodley, Esq., sometime 
Fellow of Merton College, resolved to restore the room to the pur- 
pose for which it w T as built, and to secure it by an endowment in land ; 
and he not only contributed largely in money and books himself, but 
procured also similar contributions from so many of his friends and 
other persons, that in November, 1602, the Library was again opened 
for use with upwards of 2000 volumes. 

Books were given during the next few years beyond what the room 
could hold, and in 1610 the Founder, who had now been knighted by 
King James I, proceeded to build an addition to it towards the East 
with a Proscholium to the Divinity School below, but he died in 
January, 1613, before this enlargement was quite finished. By his 
will he made provision for adding a third floor round the intended 
Quadrangle of the Schools, which at first was to have had two floors 
only, and for connecting this (now the Picture Gallery) with his Library, 
and showed that he contemplated that other extension towards the West, 
the want of which was felt in less than twenty years after his death, and 
which, with the Convocation House below, was begun in 1634 and 
finished in about four years. 

The collection has been continually increasing, by donations, some 
of which have been of great extent and value, by the right to a copy of 
every work published in this country, a right to which Sir Thomas 
Bodley himself gave the origin in a grant which he obtained in 1610 
from the Stationers' Company, and by purchases made with moneys 
arising partly from the estates given by the Founder, partly from other 
benefactions, and partly from the general fund of the University ; so that 
now the Library comprises more than 400,000 volumes', and occupies 



86 INSTITUTIONS. 

every ro m in the Qnadrangle of the building, except those appropriated 
bo the University Archives. 

The Library is under the control of a Board of Curators, consisting 
of the Vice-Chancellor, the two Proctors, the five Regius Professors of 
Divinity, Civil Law, Medicine, Hebrew, and Greek, and five members 
of the Congregation of the University elected for ten years by that 
House. 

The administration of the Library is committed to the care of a 
Librarian, elected by the Curators and approved by Convocation, with 
an annual stipend of ,£1000. He is assisted by two Under-Librarians, 
whom he nominates himself, subject to the approval of the Curators 
and of Convocation, and who receive a yearly stipend of not less than 
,£300 or more than <£400 each. There are also Assistants, whom the 
Librarian appoints, .subject to the approval of the Curators. 

The Library proper is open between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. from April to 
July, between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. in February, March, August, Septem- 
I irr, and October, and between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. in November, December, 
and January. But it is closed entirely on Sundays, on January 1 and 
6, Good Friday to the end of Easter Week, Ascension Day, Whit 
Monday and Tuesday, Commemoration Day, October 1-7, November 
7-8 (6-7 when the 8th is a Sunday), and from Christmas Eve to the 
end of the year. And when there is a Sermon before the University, 
it is not open before 11 a.m. 

All Graduate members of the University have the right to use the 
Library. Other persons are admitted to study in it on presenting a 
satisfactory recommendation. 

The Picture Gallery, which has been already mentioned as appur- 
tenant to the Library, contains portraits of many eminent persons, who 
have been Benefactors or Members of the University, models of many 
edifices both ancient and modern, and many other objects of interest. 
Each portrait has its name attached. 

The building formerly known as "the Eadcliffe Library" is now 
used as a Beading Boom in connexion with the Bodleian Library, 
under the name of " Camera Bodleiana," and is open from 10 a.m. 
till 10 p.m. on all days except Sundays, the four days next before 
Easter, the three days ending on the last Saturday in September, and 
on Christmas Day and three adjoining week-days. It contains on its 
own shelves and tables a selection of the newest works, and is available 
for the use of other books, whether printed or manuscript. 

Librarians. 

1598 Thomas James, M.A., Fellow of New College ; D.D. 

1620 John Rouse, M.A., Fellow of Oriel 

1653 Thomas Barlow, M.A., Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Queen's ; D.D. ; after- 
wards Margaret Professor of Divinity, and Bishop of Lincoln 

1660 Thomas Lockey, B.D., Student, afterwards Canon, of Ch. Ch. 

1665 Thomas B yde, M. A., Queen's ; D.D., afterwards Laudian Professor of Arabic, 
and Regius Professor of Hebrew 

1701 John Hudson, M.A., Fellow of University ; D.D., afterwards Principal of 
St. Mary Hall 



CLARENDON PRESS. 87 

1719 Joseph Bowles, M.A., Fellow of Oriel 

1729 Robert Fysher, B.M., Fellow of Oriel 

1747 Humphrey Owen, B.D., Fellow, afterwards Principal, of Jesus ; D.D. 

1768 John Price, B.D., Jesus; afterwards of Trinity 

1813 Bulkeley Bandinel, M.A., Fellow of New College ; D.D. 

1860 Henry Octavius Coxe, M.A., Corpus ; Hon. Fellow of Worcester 

1882 Edward Williams Byron Nicholson, M.A., Trinity. 



Clarendon Press. 

Although the first book printed in Oxford bears the date 1468, it 
was not till January 1586 that Delegates "de impressione librorum" 
were first appointed by Convocation. About that time Joseph Barnes, 
having set up a press in Oxford, under the patronage of the Chan- 
cellor, the Earl of Leicester, and with the help of a loan of ,£100 from 
the University Chest, is styled " Printer to the University" on the title- 
pages of his books. Others after him were likewise so styled, but 
nothing seems to have been done for establishing a University Press 
on a firm footing, until Archbishop Laud, in 1633, procured letters 
patent from King Charles I, granting a very large licence of printing to 
the University, his chief object being the publication of MSS. from 
the Bodleian Library, to which he himself gave more than thirteen 
hundred. 

The work was carried on at first in hired premises ; then from 1669 
in the Sheldonian Theatre, the Founder of that building having ap- 
pointed it for this use as well as for great assemblies of the University, 
and having directed that the surplus of the fund which he gave for 
the maintenance of the fabric should be "employed for the best advantage 
and encouragement of the Learned Press there designed and already set 
at work 1 ; " next from 1713 in the Clarendon Building, erected expressly 
for this purpose, and so called in memory of Lord Clarendon, sometime 
Chancellor of the University, and author of the History of the Great 
Bebellion. Finally, in 1830, when the Press had quite outgrown its 
earlier limits, it was removed to its present buildings, which were begun 
in 1825 from a design made by Mr. Daniel Robertson, and were finished 
under the superintendence of Mr. Blore. 

The management of the Printing Office is committed to a Delegacy 
consisting of the Yiee-Chancellor and ten other members of Convoca- 
tion, who are nominated, as vacancies occur, by the Vice-Chancellor 
and Proctors. Five of the ten are Perpetual Delegates: each new 
nomination is made for the term of seven years. 

The South side of the Press is appropriated, as was the East side of 
the Clarendon Building, to the printing of Bibles and Prayer-books, 
and the North, or " Learned" side, to that of classical or scientific 
works, University documents, &c. 

1 Francis, second and last Lord Godolphin of Helstone, who died in 1785, be- 
queathed 60002. to the University, and directed " the interest thereof to be applied for 
the benefit of printing and encouragement of learning." 



88 INSTITUTIONS. 



Theatre. 

The Theatre was erected by Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury and Chancellor of the University, to provide a room for large and 
nblies of the University, and a place for tin.- operations of 
tin' University Press, which were carried on in it until their removal 
to the Clarendon edifice in 1713. The Architect was Sir Christopher 
Wren. The first stone was laid July 26, 1664, and the building was 
opened with ;i solemn ceremony on July 9, 1669. The cost, it is said, 
was £15,000 ; and the munificent Founder gave ,£2000 more fur the 
purchase of land, the rent of which might maintain the fabric in repair 
and give a surplus for the advantage " of the Learned Press." John 
Wills, D.D., Warden of Wadham College, who died in 1806, left 
£1000 to keep it in repair. The care of the Theatre and of its funds 
is committed to the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors and three mem- 
bers of Convocation nominated by them (subject to the approval of 
Convocation), holding office for six years. 



ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM. 

The building known by this name was erected at the charge of the 
University, partly for the reception of the collection of natural and 
artificial curiosities which Elias Ashmole, Esq., gave on that condi- 
tion, and to which additions have since been made by many donors, 
and partly for the promotion of the study of Chemistry and all Natural 
Science. Over the north door (now closed) is an inscription, now 
almost illegible, Museum Ashmoleanum, Scholia Naturalis Historian, 
Ojficina Chymica. It was begun in 1679, and finished in 1683, and was 
built by Mr. "Wood, a "stonecutter " or mason, of Oxford 1 . Dr. Plot, 
the first Keeper, was immediately appointed Professor of Chemistry by 
the Vice-Chancellor. 

The Keeper of the Museum used to be nominated by the Visitors 
appointed by Ashmole's will, namely, the Vice-Chancellor, the Dean of 
Christ Church, the Principal of Brasenose, the Eegius Professor of 
Medicine, and the two Proctors ; and Dr. Eawlinson endowed the office 
with a stipend of about <£75 a-year on certain stringent conditions. 
These original regulations were superseded by others made in 1858 : 
and these again were abrogated by a Statute which received the 
sanction of the Queen in Council, 1870. By this Statute the Vice- 
Chancellor, the Camden Professor of Ancient History, the Eegius 
Professor of Modern History, and two other Members of Convocation to 
be elected for five years by the Congregation of the University, were • 
constituted Visitors of the Museum. By the same Statute Mr. John 

1 The words "T. "Wood Arch." are at the foot of an engraving of the east end of the 
Museum done by Burghers in 1685 or 1686. (Vice-Chancellor's Accounts, MS. in the 
Archives.) There is no authority for the modern assertion that Sir Christopher Wren, 
was the architect. 



CLARENDON BUILDING. 89 

Henry Parker, Hon. M.A., who had made a munificent benefaction in 
augmentation of the Keeper's salary, was nominated to succeed to 
the Keepership on the first vacancy : afterwards the Keeper was to be 
nominated by the Visitors, subject to the approval of Convocation. 

By a Statute made in 1884 the Keeper is required to give not less 
than six lectures in the course of the year, on subjects to be approved 
by the Visitors. 

The second object for which the building was provided is now at- 
tained by the University Museum, and the zoological part of the 
collection has been removed to that Institution. The MSS. of Anthony 
^Wood and others, which were deposited here, have been transferred to 
the Bodleian Library. The first floor is now a Museum of Antiquities ; 
the upper floor, which for many years was used as an examination 
room, was on the removal of the examinations to the new Schools in 
1882 placed by decree of Convocation at the disposal of the Visitors 
of the Museum. The Museum is open daily from 2 till 4. 

Keepers. 

1683 Robert Plot, D.C.L., Magdalen Hall, afterwards of University 

1690 Edward Lhwyd, Jesus ; M.A. honoris causa July 21, 1701 

1709 David Parry ,"M.A M Jesus 

1714 John Whiteside, M.A., Brasenose 

1729 George Shepheard, B.D., Fellow of Trinity 

1730 George Huddesford, M.A., Fellow, afterwards President, of Trinity 
1755 William Huddesford, B.A., Fellow of Trinity; B.D. 

1772 William Sheffield, M.A., Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Worcester; D.D. 
1796 William Lloyd, B.C.L., W r adham 
1815 Thomas Dunbar, M.A., Brasenose 

1822 William Thomas Philipps, M.A., Fellow of Magdalen 

1823 John Shute Duncan, M.A., Fellow of New College 
1826 Philip Bury Duncan, M.A., Fellow of New College 

1854 John Phillips, M.A, Magdalen ; afterwards Professor of Geology 
1870 John Henry Parker, Exeter : Hon. M.A. ; C.B. 
1884 Arthur John Evans, M.A., Brasenose. 

CL ABEND ON BUILDING. 

It has been stated already that the Clarendon Building was erected 
for a Printing House, and was so used from 1713 until the removal of 
the University Press to the present Office in 1830. It was begun 
February 22, 1712. The architect and builder was Mr. Nicholas 
Hawksmoor ', who built also the south quadrangle of Queen's College 
and the north quadrangle of All Souls College. The name of the 
building is derived from the Lord Chancellor Clarendon, and the cost 
of it was defrayed partly from the profits of the sale of his History of 
the Rebellion, the copyright of which was given to the University. 

It is now used for various public purposes of the University, con- 
taining the " Delegates' Boom," in which the meetings of Delegacies 
usually take place, the Begistrar's Office, the offices of the Curators of 
the University Chest, of the Delegates of Local Examinations, of 

1 On the 3rd of October, 1715, the Delegates of the Press voted a gratuity of 100/. to 
Hawksmnor "' for his care in drawing and supervising the whole worke of the new 
Printing House." 



00 INSTITUTIONS. 

Lodging Houses, and of the Boards of Faculties; and, in the 
basemenl story, a Police ftoom with other apartments connected 
with it. 

Radcliffe Libeaey. 

The munificent founder of this Library was the celebrated physician 
John Badcliffe, M.I>., first of University College, afterwards Fellow of 
Lincoln, who died in 1714. He bequeathed the hulk of his large pro- 
perty to Trust es to be applied at their discretion to charitable purposes ; 
but he directed them in the first instance to accumulate ,£40,000, and 
to lay out that sum on the purchase of the site for his Library and on 
the building, and he appropriated ,£100 a-year for the maintenance of 
the fabric, ,£100 a-year for the purchase of books, aud ,£150 a-year as a 
stipend for the Librarian. James Gibbs, Esq., a native of Aberdeen, 
was the architect. The foundation-stone was laid June 16, 1737, and 
the building was completed in 1747. The Library was opened April 
13, 1749, in a public ceremony, by the Trustees. 

Many years ago the Trustees resolved to confine their purchases to 
works on Medicine and Natural History; and upon the completion of 
the University Museum they permitted the books concerning Natural 
Science to be removed to the Library of that Institution, which may 
now be regarded as " Badcliffe's Library," and they allowed the remain- 
ing volumes and the building itself to be used in connection with the 
Bodleian Library. It has been opened as a Eeading Room. (See ante, 
p. 123.) 

The present Trustees are, the Marquis of Salisbury, K.G., the Earl 
of Carnarvon, the Earl of Selborne, the Earl of Jersey, Lord Hals- 
bury, and the Eight Hons. W. E. Gladstone and Arthur W. Peel. 

Badcliffe's Librarian, who must be at least a Master of Arts, is elected 
by the following personages : the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord 
High Chancellor of Great Britain, the Chancellor of the University, 
the Bishops of London and Winchester, the two principal Secretaries 
of State, the Lord Chief Justice of England, and the Master of the Eolls. 
He has charge of the Library at the Museum, 

Librarians. 

174S Francis Wipe, B.D., sometime Fellow of Trinity, Keeper of the Archives 

1767 Benjamin Kennieott, D.D., Fellow of Exeter ; Canon of Ch. Cli. 

1783 Thomas Hornsby, D.D., Fellow of Corpus, Professor of Astronomy and of 

Natural Philosophy 
1810 George Williams, D.M., Fellow of Corpus, Professor of Botany 
1834 John Kidd, D.M., sometime Student of Ch. Ch., Regius Professor of Medicine 
1851 Sir Henry Wkntworth Acland, D.M., Ch. Ch., sometime Fellow of All Souls 

and Clinical Professor of Medicine ; Begius Professor of Medicine ; K.C.B. 



Badcliffe Observatory. 

This building was erected out of the funds of Dr. Badcliffe by the 
Trustees to his will. It comprises a dwelling-house for the Observer, 
and apartments for observation, for lectures, for a Library, and for an 



TAYLOR INSTITUTION. 91 

assistant Observer, and is amply supplied with astronomical instru- 
ments. The foundation-stone was laid June 27, 1772. The original 
architect was Mr. A. Keene. The building was altered and completed 
by Mr. James Wyatt. The Observer is appointed by the Radcliffe 
Trustees : he appoints his own Assistants. 

Astronomical Observations are made daily when the weather per- 
mits, and are regularly recorded. A fair copy of these Registers used 
to be deposited in the Library of the Royal Society in London, in 
the Radcliffe Library, and in the Observatory itself; but from the 
year 1840 they have been printed, by order of the Trustees, under the 
superintendence of the Observer, in a handsome octavo volume, which 
is continued annually. 

Observers. 

1772 Thomas Hornsby, D.D., Fellow of Corpus, Professor of Astronomy ; after- 
wards Professor of Natural Philosophy 

1810 Abram Robertson, D.D., Ch. Cb., Professor of Astronomy 

1827 Stephen Peter Rigaud, M.A., sometime Fellow of Exeter, Professor of 
Astronomy 

1839 Manuel John Johnson, M.A., Magdalen Hall 

1860 Robert Main, M.A., Pembroke, incorporated from Queens' College, Cam- 
bridge. 

1878 Edward James Stone, MA., Ch. Ch. ; Hon. Fellow (sometime Fellow) of 
Queens' College, Cambridge. 

Taylor Institution. 

Sir Robert Taylor, an Architect of eminence in the last century, 
bequeathed the residue of his property, a very considerable sum, to 
" the Chancellor and Scholars of the University of Oxford and their 
" successors, for the purpose of applying the interest and produce thereof 
" in purchase of freehold land within, or if possible to be made within, 
"the jurisdiction of the said University, for the erecting a proper 
" edifice therein, and for establishing a foundation, for the teaching 
" and improving the European languages in such manner as should 
" from time to time be approved by the said Chancellor and Scholars 
" in Convocation assembled." He died in 1788, but his bequest, being 
subject to certain contingencies, did not take effect till 1835, and it 
was not until 1848 that the "proper edifice" which was to be erected 
could be made fully ready for use. This building, of which C. R. 
Cockerell, Esq., D.C.L., was the architect, comprises a spacious Library, 
several Lecture Rooms, and apartments for the residence of a Librarian. 

The Institution is under the direction of nine Curators, of whom the 
Vice-Chancellor, the Regius Professor of Modern History, and the 
Professor of Comparative Philology, are ex officio three ; of the other 
six, who must all be Members of Convocation, four are appointed for a 
period of five years, and two for ten, after which they may be nominated 
again. 

There are four Teacherships of Modern European Languages, a 
Scholarship, and an Exhibition, which are described in separate articles. 
The Curators are also charged with the application of the proceeds of 
a fund arising from the bequest of William Thomas Horner, Earl of 



'.'2 INSTITUTIONS. 

Dchester, for tlic encouragement of the study of the Polish and other 
Slavonic Languages, Literature, and History. By a Statute passed in 
1876, they arc authorised to apply the interest of the fund to one or 
more of the following purposes, at their discretion and in such manner 
and at such times as they may judge most expedient: (1) The delivery 
Lectures on subjects connected with the Slavonic Languages or 
Literature, 01 the History of the Slavonic Nations: (2) The bestowal 
of Prizes or Exhibitions for encouraging the study of those subjects: 
(31 The publishing, or assisting in the publication of, works in one or 
outer of tlmsc subjects. 

The Curators are also charged with the custody of a collection of 
books and works of art bequeathed to the University in 1834 by the 
Eev. Robert Finch, M.A., of Balliol College, and with the administra- 
tion of a fund of ,£'1300 left by him for the maintenance and extensiun 
of the collection. 

The Library is open between the hours of eleven and five, except 
during one month from Aug. 16 to Sept. 14 ; and from Christmas-Eve 
to Jan. 2, when it is closed entirely. All Members of the University 
have free admission to it, and resident Members are allowed to take 
books out of the Library, subject to its regulations. Literary persons 
not members of the University are also admissible by special permission. 
The leading Newspapers and Periodicals of France, Germany, and Italy, 
are taken in and lie upon the table. The Librarian is appointed by 
the Curators, with a statutable stipend not exceeding ,£200 a-year. The 
present Librarian is Heixeich Keebs, Ph. D. of the University of 
Freiburg in Baden, Hon. M.A. 

Uniyeesity Galleeies. 

The University Galleries form the Central and "Western portions of 
the building of which the Taylor Institution is the Eastern, and were 
designed by the same Architect. Francis Eandolph, D.D., Principal 
of St. Alban Hall, who died in 1796, bequeathed i?1000 towards the 
erection of a suitable building for the reception of the Pomfret Statues 
and other works of art ; and that sum together with accumulated in- 
terest was laid out upon the building, the remainder of the cost being 
defrayed from moneys belonging to the University. The Galleries were 
opened in 1845. They contain specimens of ancient and modern 
Sculpture, including the original models for the principal w^orks of 
the eminent English artist, Sir Francis Chantrey, presented by his 
widow : a large number of original drawings of M. Angelo and Eaffaele, 
purchased by a subscription, towards which the second Earl of Eldon 
contributed the munificent sum of ,£'4000 ; and there is one large and 
lofty Gallery for Paintings. Many works of art of various kinds have 
been given to the University since the Galleries were erected, and the 
Arundel Marbles were removed thither from the Bodleian Library and 
the Ashmolean Museum in 1888. 

A studio for the use of the Slade Professor of Fine Art, with other 
rooms, was added in 1886-7. 

The Galleries are under the superintendence of seven Curators, 



UNIVERSITY MUSEUM. 93 

namely, Bodley's Librarian, so long as any works of art belonging to 
the Library remain in the Galleries, and six members of Convocation 
elected, two by the Hebdomadal Council, two by the Congregation of 
the University, and two by the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors, each 
holding office for six years and re-eligible. The Galleries are in the 
charge of a resident Keeper, appointed by the Curators, with a stipend 
of ,£100 a-year, and are open without fee from 12 to 4 daily, except 
during a few weeks in the Long Vacation for cleaning. One room has 
been assigned for the use of the Oxford School of Art in connexion 
with the South Kensington Department of Science and Art. 

University Museum. 

This edifice, intended for the promotion of the study of Natural 
Science, was erected at the charge of the University, from the de- 
signs and under the directions of Messrs. Deane and Woodward of 
Dublin. The first stone was solemnly laid June 20, 1855, by the Earl 
of Derby, Chancellor of the University, and the building was so nearly 
finished when the British Association for the Advancement of Science 
met in Oxford at the end of June, 1860, that every part of it was then 
used. The iron-work was supplied by Mr. Skidmore of Coventry. 
The decorative Sculpture both without and within is due to the liber- 
ality of individual donors : in particular Her Majesty the Queen has 
been pleased to present five of the statues of eminent philosophers 
which adorn the Area ; and Woolner's statue of the late Prince Consort, 
which faces the entrance, was placed here by gentlemen of the City of 
Oxford, who subscribed to have it erected as a memorial of the Prince. 
The Museum contains Lecture-rooms, with Work-rooms and 
Laboratories where these are required, for the Eegius Professor of 
Medicine, and the Professors of Geometry, Natural Philosophy, 
Chemistry, Mineralogy, Geology, Anatomy, Physiology, and Zoology ; 
a Dissecting-room at the North-eastern angle, and along the front 
upstairs a spacious Library and Eeading Room. The Chemical De- 
partment, at the south-western angle of the building, was greatly 
enlarged by the addition in 1878-9 of a new block of buildings, 
including, besides several smaller laboratories for the use of more ad- 
vanced workers, one large laboratory fitted for the accommodation of 
6ixty-four students of qualitative and quantitative analysis. A build- 
ing containing laboratories and a lecture-room for the use of the 
Waynflete Professor of Physiology was erected in the north-eastern 
portion of the grounds in 1884-5. Some temporary iron buildings 
for the use of the Lin acre Professor of Human and Comparative 
Anatomy and the Lecturer in Human Anatomy were added in 1886. 

Various Collections illustrative of subjects studied in the Museum have 
been brought together within its walls, and a large part of them is open 
to the view of Students in the Area and Corridors ; a Pathological 
Series in the Medical department : Models and Instruments for Experi- 
mental Physics ; Minerals, including some of singular rarity given by 
the late Richard Simmonds, M.D., of Christ Church ; Fossils, com- 



94 INSTITUTIONS. 

prising the large collection given by the late Professor Buckland, and 
Mr. Pengelly's Devonian Series presented in 1860 by Miss Burdett- 
Coutts; the Physiological Series moved from the Anatomy School at 
Christ Church by permission of the Dean and Chapter, who, however, 
under the Will of the Founder, Mathew Lee, M.D., 
physician to King George II, reserve the right to recall the loan; 
logical specimens transferred from the Ashmolean Museum ; a large 
collection of Shells presented by Lady and Miss Harvey; two large 
collections of British Shells, one given by Sir Walter C. Trevelyan, 
Bart., M.A., of University College, the other bequeathed by George 
Barlee, Esq., of Exmouth, who died in 1861 ; and a large collection of 
Invertebrate Animals given by the Kev. F. W. Hope, the Founder of 
the Professorship of Zoology. And, to make these Collections more 
useful to Students, the Trustees under Dr. BadclifFe's Will have 
allowed the large scientific portion of his Library to be brought here, 
and maintain it themselves in the Museum under the charge of Bad- 
cliflfe's Librarian, reserving however the right to reclaim it if they 
think fit. 

By the liberality of the Clarendon Trustees an additional building 
was added to the Museum in 1872, containing the lecture-rooms and 
laboratories of the department of Experimental Philosophy. This 
building contains a large lecture-theatre, a large room for the 
Physical Cabinet, laboratories for each of the branches of weighing 
and measuring heat, light, electricity, magnetism, and acoustics, 
together with smaller rooms for the preparation of special experi- 
ments. It is placed under the care of the Professor of Experimental 
Philosophy. A residence for a care-taker was added by the University 
in 1888. 

In 1885-6 an annex was added at the north-east end of the Museum 
to contain the extensive and valuable anthropological collection pre- 
sented to the University by Major-General Pitt-Kivers, D.C.L. 

The Museum is under the superintendence of a Delegacy con- 
sisting of the Vice-Chancellor, the two Proctors, and six other persons 
chosen by the Congregation of the University. None of the Professors 
who teach in the Museum can be Delegates, but all of them are sum- 
moned to the meetings of the Delegacy and consulted on the questions 
that arise. It is in the charge of a Keeper, who is appointed by the 
Delegates subject to the approval of Convocation, and who has an official 
residence adjoining on the South-east, and receives a stipend of 
^£80 a-year. 

The Museum is open to Members of the University from 10 a.m. 
till 4 p.m. Visitors are admitted, without fee, after 2 p.m. The 
Library is open from 10 a.m. till 4 p.m. daily, and on Mondays and 
Thursdays during Term from 7 p.m. till 9 p.m. 

Keepers. 

1857 John Phillips, M.A., Maerdalen, Professor of Geology ; Hon. D.C.L. 

1874 Henry John Stephen Smith, M.A., Fellow of Corpus; Savilian Professor of 

Geometry ; Fellow of Bull iol 
1883 Edwaed Bcbnett Tyloe, Hon. D.C.L., M.A., Balliol. 



THE NEW SCHOOLS. 95 

University Observatory. 

In March, 1873, the University resolved to have a large Eefracting 
Telescope of the highest order of completeness and excellence con- 
structed for the purpose of providing more ample instruction for Uni- 
versity students in practical astronomy, and for original research. In 
the autumn of the same year, the University also accepted from Warren 
De La Eue, Hon. D.C.L. (afterwards M.A., New College), a large Re- 
flecting TYlescope, together with other astronomical apparatus, specially 
adapted for celestial photography, and other branches of astronomical 
physics. The Observatory now contains these instruments, together 
with others of smaller dimensions. The large lecture-room on the north 
side of the Observatory was added in 1877-8. 

The Savilian Professor of Astronomy has charge of the Observatory, 
subject to the superintendence of a Board of Visitors, which consists of 
the Vice-Chancellor, the Proctors, the Astronomer Eoyal, the Director 
of the Cambridge University Observatory, the Eadcliffe Observer, 
together with four other persons elected by the Congregation of the 
University for ten years. Mr. W. E. Plummer and Mr. C. A. Jenkins, 
both formerly of the Eoyal Observatory, Greenwich, are Assistant 
Observers. 

The New Schools. 

The building in the High Street commonly called by this name 
was erected in 1876-1882, from the designs of the architect, Thomas 
Graham Jackson, M.A., sometime Fellow, and afterwards Honorary 
Fellow, of Wadham, at a cost exceeding ^£100,000. The builder was 
Mr. Albert Estcourt, of Gloucester ; most of the carving in wood and 
stone was executed by Messrs. Farmer and Brindley, of London. The 
building was first used for the public University Examinations in Easter 
Term, 1882. 

In addition to the lofty and spacious entrance-hall, forming the 
principal feature of the front towards High Street, the building contains 
two large writing-rooms, each capable of accommodating two hundred 
candidates, and a third affording space for one hundred and twenty 
candidates ; eleven smaller rooms suitable for viva voce examinations ; 
private rooms for the use of Examiners ; offices for the Clerk of the 
Schools ; lavatories and store-rooms ; a porter's residence ; and an ex- 
tensive range of rooms in the basement. 

All the University Examinations, except those involving laboratory 
practice, are held here, and the building is also available at times for 
Professors' lectures. 

The block of buildings of which the Examination Schools form the 
principal part was completed in 1888 by the addition at the north- 
east corner of a building containing offices for the Delegacy of Non- 
Collegiate Students and rooms for the use of the Students themselves, 
and offices for the Delegacy of the Oxford and Cambridge Schools 
Examination. 

Mr. T. G. Jackson was the architect, and Messrs Parnell and Son of 
Eugby were the builders, of this building. 



96 INSTITUTIONS. 



The Indian Institute. 

This building, situate al the oomer of Broad Street and Holywell 
Street, was erected in 1882-4 by Messrs. Symm & Co., of Oxford, 
from the designs of the architect, Basil Champneys, B.A., Cambridge. 
The memorial-stone was laid on May 2, 1883, by the Prince of 
Wales, in the presence of the Chancellor of the University, the Secre- 
tin of State for India, and many other distinguished personages, and 
the building was opened at the commencement of Michaelmas Term, 
L886. Sib Monies Monieb-Williams, M. A., Hon. D.C.L., Fellow 

of Balliol College and Boden Professor of Sanskrit, through whose ex- 
ertions chiefly the funds for the erection of the building were raised, 
has been appointed Keeper and Perpetual Curator. 



97 



UNIVERSITY SERMONS AND PREACHERS. 

Sermons are preached before the University, two on each Sunday, 
in full Term ; one on Christmas Day, Good Friday, Ascension Day, 
Lady Day, and the Festivals of St. Mark, of St. John Baptist, of 
St. Philip and St. James. There is also a Sermon at the several 
Assizes, and one in Latin, with the Litany and Holy Communion, at 
the beginning of Michaelmas, Hilary, and Easter Terms. 

With certain exceptions specified below, the order of preaching is as 
follows. 

1. The morning Sermons on Sundays in Term fall to the Dean and 
Canons of Christ Church, the Heads of Colleges, the five Divinity Pro- 
fessors, and the Professor of Hebrew, in the following order, which 
however the preachers are at liberty to vary by exchanging turns 
among themselves : — 

Christ Church Trinity University 

Magdalen Christ Church Exeter 

New College Brasenose Christ Church 

Christ Church Oriel Balliol 

All Souls Regius Prof. Div. Jesus 

Merton Margaret Prof. Div. Christ Church 

Christ Church Regius Prof. Hebrew Pembroke 

Corpus Christ Church "Worcester 

Queen's "Wadham Regius Prof. Past. Theology 

Christ Church Lincoln Regius Prof. Eccl. Hist. 

St. John's Christ Church Prof. Exeg. Script. 

2. The other Sermons fall to Graduates in the order in which they 
were admitted to Regency as Masters of Arts or to the degree of Bachelor 
of Civil Law. 

To these two rales the exceptions are as follow : — 

1. The morning Sermons on Sundays in Lent belong to the second 
order above stated, not to the first ; the Bampton Lecture Sermons, 
mentioned below r , are delivered in the morning ; the preachers on the 
mornings of Quinquagesima Sunday and the last Sunday after Trinity 
(on each of which days by a special benefaction a Sermon is preached 
from one of a limited number of texts upon Humility or upon Pride), 
of Whitsun Day, and of the Sunday before the Encaenia, are appointed 
by the Vice-Chancellor ; the morning Sermon on Trinity Sunday is 
preached by a preacher appointed by New College ; and, if any of the 
festivals mentioned in the next sentence or an Assize Sermon fall on 
a Sunday, the exception in that case applies to the morning Sermon. 

2. The Vice-Chancellor appoints the preacher for the afternoon of 
every Sunday in Lent 1 in full Term, of Whitsun Day, of Trinity Sun- 
day (when by a special benefaction a Sermon is preached " upon Church 
Extension over the Colonies and Dependencies of the British Empire "), 

1 On one of the afternoons in Lent a Sermon, for which there is a special benefaction, 
is preached upon the Jewish Interpretation of Prophecy. 

G 



08 



SELECT rREACIIERS. 



and of flu' Sunday before the Enoaenia, and for the Assizes: the Ser- 
mons on Christinas Pay, Good Friday, and Ascension Day fall to the 
Dean of Christ Church; the Sermon on Lady Day is preached by a 
preacher nominated by New College, the Sermons on the festivals of 
St. Mark and of St John Baptist by Fellows of Magdalen, and the 
Sermon on the festival of St. Philip and St. James by a Fellow of 
Merton. 

Each person receives two months' notice of his torn; if he decline 
to preach, no one but a Select Preacher can be his substitute. No 
person may preach before the University without the approval of the 
Yic<-( lhancellor, nor unless he is at least a Master of Arts or a Bachelor 
of Civil Law in the University of Oxford, or of Cambridge, or of 
Dublin. 

All University Sermons are preached at St. Mary's Church, except 
those of the Dean of Christ Church, and of preachers of New College, 
Magdalen, and Merton, mentioned above, which are, or maybe, delivered 
in the Cathedral and in the Chapels of those Colleges respectively. 

In the form of Bidding Prayer before the Latin Sermons, before the 
Morning Sermon on the Sunday before the Encaenia, and before the 
Sermon at Assizes, are introduced the names of the 



Public Benefactoks of the University. 



Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester 

John Kempe, Abp. of Canterbury 

Thomas Kempe, Bishop of London 

Margaret, Countess of Richmond 

King Henry the Seventh 

Elizabeth his wife 

Richard Lichfield, Archdeacon of 
Middlesex 

Thomas Wolfley, Cardinal, and Arch- 
bishop of York 

King Henry the Eighth 

Queen Mary 

Queen Elizabeth 

King James the First 

>Sir Thomas Bodley, Knt. 

Sir Henry Savile, Knt. 

Sir William .Sedley, Knt. 

Sir Nicholas Kempe, Knt. 

Thomas \\ byte, D.D. 

William Camden, Esq. 

Richard Tomlins, Esq. 

William Heather, D.Mus. 

Edward, Earl of Clarendon 

Kin? Charles the First 

"William Laud, Abp. of Canterbury 

Gilbert Sheldon, Abp. of Canterbury 



Henry, Earl of Danby 

Henry Birkhead, Esq. 

King George the First 

John Radcliffe, D.M. 

Nathaniel, Lord Crewe, Bp. of Durham 

Richard Rawlinson, D.C.L. 

Charles Viner, Esq. 

George Henry, Earl of Lichfield 

Charles Godwyn, B.D. 

John Bampton, M.A. 

Francis, Lord Godolphin 

John Sibthorp, D.M. 

John Wills, D.D. 

George Aldrich, D.M. 

King George the Third 

Joseph Boden, Esq. 

Anne Kennicott, widow 

Sir Robert Taylor, Knt. 

John Ireland, D.D., Dean of "West- 
minster 

Robert Mason, D.D. 

Richard Gough, Esq. 

Francis Douce, Esq. 

Frederick AVilliam Hope, M. A., D.C.L., 
and Ellen, his wife. 



Select Pkeacheks. 

There are ten persons, called " Select Preachers," appointed to supply 
the place of those who decline to preach in their own turns. They 
are chosen out of the Doctors and Bachelors of Divinity and of Civil 



SELECT PREACHERS. 



99 



Law and the Masters of Arts of the University of Oxford, or of Cam- 
bridge, or of Dublin. Five are nominated yearly in November by the 
Vice-Chancellor, the Regius and the Margaret Professors of Divinity, 
and the two Proctors. Three members of this Board, of whom the 
Vice-Chancellor is to be one, must concur in each nomination ; and the 
names are then submitted to Convocation for approval. The office is 
tenable for two years, which run from Michaelmas Term ; and no one 
can be appointed again until after an interval of a year. The institution 
of Select Preachers was effected in 1804. 



Select Preachers. 



1804. 

Lent Term. 

John Eveleigh, D.D., Provost of Oriel 

Septimus Collinson, D.D., Provost of 

Queen's 
Charles Barton, B.D., Corpus 
William R Portal, B.D., St. John's 
"William West Green, M.A., Vice-Prin- 
cipal of Magdalen Hall 
George Richards, M.A., Oriel 
Richard Michell, M.A., Wadham 
Frodsham Hodson, M.A., Brasenose 
Robert Dickinson, M.A., Queen's 
William Crowe, B.C.L., New College 

1804. 
Michaelmas Term. 
John Parsons, D.D., Master of Balliol 
William Wood, B.D., Ch. Ch. 
Ralph Churton, M.A., Brasenose 
Edward Lewton, M.A., Wadham 
Henry Phillpotts, M.A., Magdalen 

1805. 
Act Term. 
Heniy Hutton, M.A., Balliol, vice 
Lewton. 

1805. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Michael Marlow, D.D., President of 

St. John's 
Richard Laurence, D.C.L., University 
John Buckland, B.D., Corpus 
Gilbert Heathcote, M.A., New College 
John Browne, M.A., Corpus. 

1806. 
Michaelmas Term. 
Henry Beeke, D.D., Oriel 
William Barrow, D.C.L., Queen's 
Henrv Rett, B.D., Trinitv 
Robert Williams, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
William Crowe, B.C.L., New College 
John Cole, D.D., Exeter, vice Phill- 
potts. 

1807. 

Michaelmas Term. 

John Penrose, M.A., Corpus, vice Rett 

Phineas Pett, D.D., Principal of St. 

Mary Hall 



Edward Nares, M.A., Merton 
John Dean, M.A., Brasenose 
William Nicholas Darnell, M.A. 

Corpus 
John Mullins, M.A., Exeter. 

1808. 
Lent Term. 
William Bishop, M.A., Oriel 

1808. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Whittington Landon, D.D., Provost of 

Worcester 
George Shepherd, B.D., University 
Edward Copleston, B.D., Oriel 
James Hoare Ch. Moore, B.D., Mag- 
dalen 
John Josias Conybeare, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

1809. 

Michaelmas Term. 

John Browne, M.A., Corpus, vice 

Darnell 
Philip Smyth, B.C.L., New College 
John Goldesbrough, B.D., Magdalen 
Godfrey Faussett, M.A., Magdalen 
John Collinson, M.A., Queen's 
Charles Milman Mount, M.A., Corpus. 

1810. 
"Easter Term. 
Vaughan Thomas, B.D., Corpus, vice 
Collinson. 

1810. 
Michaelmas Term. 

Richard Michell, B.D., Wadham, vice 
Shepherd 

George AVilliam Hall, D.D., Master of 
Pembroke 

William West Green, ALA., Vice-Prin- 
cipal of Magdalen Hall 

John Penrose, M.A., Corpus 

Robert Williams, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

William Vansittart, M.A., Ch. Ch. 



1811. 

J.- at Term. 
Richard Dixon, M.A., Queen's, 
Smyth. 



vice 



G2 



100 



SELECT PREACHERS. 



1811. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Geonro Taunton, IMT.A., Corpus, vice 

GoTdesbrough 
Ralph Churton. M.A., Brasenose 
1 •-■ Richards, M.A., Oriel 
Robert Dickinson, 31. A., Queen's 
John I tovison, M A., One! 
Edward Garrard Marsh, M.A., Oriel. 

1812. 

Michai him* Term. 

Henry Kett, B.D., Trinity, vice Wil- 

liamfl 
Charles Barton, D.D., Corpus 
Vaughan Thomas, B.D., Corpus 
Thomas Falconer, M.A., Corpus 
John Bayley Somers Carwithen, M.A., 

St. Mary Hall 
Benjamin P. Symons, M.A., Wadham. 

1813. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Hush Nicholas Pearson, M.A., St. 

John's, vice Davison 
Richard Mant, M.A., Oriel 
William Bishop, M.A., Oriel 
Godfrey Faussett, M.A., Magdalen 
Archdale Wilson Tayler, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
William Vaux, M.A., Balliol. 

1814. 

Michaelmas Term. 

George Shepherd, B.D., University, vice 

Barton 
Edward Nares, D.D., Merton 
Thomas Stone, D.D., Brasenose 
William Come, B.D., Ch. Ch. 
Charles Milman Mount, M.A., Corpus 
John Miller, M.A., Worcester. 

1815. 
Lent Term. 

Matthew Rolleston, M.A., University, 
vice Tayler. 

1815. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Charles Barton, D.D., Corpus, vice 

Mount 
Frodsham Hodson, D.D., Principal of 

Brasenose 
Thomas Home, B.D., Ch. Ch. 
John Page, B.D., Brasenose 
Peter Elmsley, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
John Lightfoot, M.A., Merton. 

1816. 
Easter Term. 
Edward Rowden, M.A., New College, 
vice Barton. 

1816. 
Michaelmas Term. 
Francis Rowden, B.D., Merton, vice 
Elmsley 



Thomas Linwood Strong, M.A., Oriel, 

vice Stone 
Edward Copleston, D.D., Provost of 

Oriel 
George Leigh Cooke, B.D., Corpus 
Reginald Heber, M.A., All Souls 
( Sharles Lloyd, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
William Crowe, B.C.L., New College. 

1817. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Michael Marlow, D.D., President of St. 

John's 
John Hume Spry, M.A., Oriel 
Edmund Goodenouprh, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
William Vaux, M.A., Balliol 
Edward Card well, M.A., Brasenose. 

1818. 
Michaelmas Term. 

Richard Whately, M.A., Oriel, rice 
Card well 

John Dean, D.D., Principal of St. Mary 
Hall 

Peter Elmsley, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

Ashhurst Turner Gilbert, M.A., Brase- 
nose 

William Russell, M.A., Magdalen 

Wyndham Knatchbull, M.A.,A11 Souls. 

1819. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Thomas Linwood Strong, B.D., Oriel, 

vice Elmsley 
John Page, B. D., Brasenose, vice 

Goodenough 
John Collier Jones, D.D., Rector of 

Exotcr 
John Matthias Turner, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
Thomas Loveday, M.A., Magdalen 
James Saumarez, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
George Chandler, B.C.L., New College. 

1820. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Richard Jenkyns, D.D., Master of 

Balliol 
Peter Elmsley, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
Philip N. Shuttleworth, M.A., New 

College 
Edward Hawkins, M.A., Oriel 
Henry Hart Milman, M.A., Brasenose. 

1821. 
Michaelmas Term. 
George Gleed, B.D., St. John's 
Benjamin Parsons Symons, B.D., 

Wadham 
William Daniel Conybeare, M.A., 

Ch. Ch. 
John Keble, M.A., Oriel 
William Crowe, B.C.L., New College. 

1822. 
Michaelmas Term. 
John Bull, B.D., Ch. Ch. 



SELECT PREACHERS. 



101 



John Hume Spry, M.A., Oriel 
James Endell Tyler, M.A., Oriel 
Zachariae Henry Biddulph, M.A., 
Magdalen 

George Chandler, B.C.L., New College. 

1823. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Edward Copleston, D.D., Provost of 

Oriel 
Edward Cardwell, B.D., Brasenose 
Thomas Loveday, B.D., Magdalen 
Christopher Lipscomb, M.A., New 

College 
Thomas Vowler Short, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

1824. 
Act Term. 
Edward Burton, M.A., Student of 
Ch. Ch., vice Lipscomb. 

1824. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth, D.D., 

Warden of New College 
Vaughan Thomas, B.D., Corpus 
Godfrey Faussett, B.D., Magdalen 
John Radford, B.D., Lincoln 
William Mills, B.D., Magdalen. 

1825. 
Act Term. 
Richard Whately, D.D., Principal of 
St. Alban Hall, vice Mills. 

1825. 

Michaelmas Term. 

George Shepherd, D.D., University, 

vice Cardwell 
John B. S. Carwithen, B.D., St. Mary 

Hall, vice Loveday 
Edward Nares, D.D., Merton 
John T. James, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
Edward Hawkins, M.A., Oriel 
William Dalby, M.A., Exeter 
Charles A. Ogilvie, M. A., BallioL 

1826. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Charles Milman Mount, M.A., Corpus 

John Antony Cramer, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

Frederick Charles Blackstone, B.C.L., 

New College 
Charles Carr Gierke, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
Charles Girdlestone, M.A., BallioL 

1827. 

Michaelmas Terra. 

Richard Whately, D.D., Principal of 

St. Alban Hall 
Vaughan Thomas, B.D., Corpus 
Henry Atkins, M.A., New College 
William James, M.A., Oriel 
Edward Burton, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
John Miller, M.A., Worcester, vice 

J. T. Janiefl. 



1828. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Philip Wynter, D.D., President of St. 

John '8 
William J. Palmer, D.D., Brasenose 
William Mills, B.D., Magdalen 
John Keble, M.A., Oriel 
Jos. Loscombe Richards, M.A., Exeter. 

1829. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth, D.D., 

Warden of New College 
Edw. Hawkins, D.D., Provost of Oriel 
James Endell Tyler, B.D., Oriel 
George John Majendie, B.D., Magdalen 
John Miller, M.A., Worcester. 

1830. 

Micliaelmas Term. 

Thomas Y. Short, B.D., Student of 

Ch. Ch. 
Charles Girdlestone, M.A., Balliol 
Henry William Buckley, M.A., Fellow 

of Merton 
John Henry Newman, M.A., Fellow of 

Oriel 
John Ball, M.A., Fellow of St. John's. 

1831. 
Michaelmas Term. 

John Antony Cramer, D.D., Principal 
of New Inn Hall 

Benjamin Parsons Symons, D.D., War- 
den of Wadham 

Thomas William Lancaster, M.A., 
Queen's 

Robert Hussey, M.A., Student of Ch. 
Ch. 

Frederick Oakeley, M.A., Fellow of 
Balliol. 

1832. 
Michaelmas Term. 

Charles William Stocker, D.D., Vice- 
Principal of St. Alban Hall 

William Parker, M.A., Fellow of New 
College 

Charles Atmore Ogilvie, M.A., Fellow 
of Balliol 

Henry Jenkyne, M. A., Fellow of Oriel 

William Palmer, M.A., Worcester. 

1833. 
Michaelmas Term. 

Philip Wynter, D.D., President of St 
John's 

Wm. Mills, B.D., Fellow of Magdalen 

Walter Farquhar Hook, M.A., some- 
time Student of Ch. Ch. 

George Moberly, M.A., Fellow of 
Balliol 

William Jacobson, M.A., Fellow of 
Exeter. 



102 



SELECT PREACHERS. 



1834. 
/' 
Francis Atkinson Faber, M.A.. Felloe 

of Magdalen, via Jenkj da 
Edward Denison, Bff.A., Fellow of 
Iferton, vi ■ Mills. 

1831 

Michaelmas Term. 

John Russell, 1 U>., sometime Student 

eh. Ch. 
James Stuart Murray Anderson, M.A., 

Balliol 
William Fisher Audland, M.A., Fel- 
low of Queen's 
ChaiKs Abel Heurtley, M.A., Fellow 

of Corpus 
Joseph Esmond Riddle, M.A., St. Ed- 
mund HaU. 

1835. 
Michaelmas Term. 
Godfrey Faussett, D.D., Margaret Pro- 
fessor of Divinty 
Henry Arthur Woodgate, B.D., Fellow 

of St John's 
Augustus Short, M.A., Student of 

Ch. < h. 
Benj. Harrison, M.A., Student of Ck.Ch. 

1836. 

Michaelmas Term. 

George Gleed, B.D., sometime Fellow 

i if St. John's 
John Menzies, BD., Fellow of Corpus 
George Robert Gleig, M.A., Balliol 
John Carr, M.A., Fellow of Balliol 
William Gresley, M.A., sometime Stu- 
dent of Ch. Ch. 

1837. 
Act Term. 
Samuel Wilberforce, M.A., Oriel, vice 
Gleig. 

1837. 
Michaelmas Term. 
Charles Parr Burney, D.D., Merton 
Rich. Michell, B.D., Fellow of Lincoln 
Henry Bull, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch. 
James Beaven, M. A., St. Edmund Hall 
( ha rles Page Eden, 31. A., Fellow of 
Oriel. 

1838. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth, D.D., 

Warden of New College 
Lancelot Arthur Sharpe, B.D., Fellow 

of St. John's 
Charles Abel Heurtley, B.D., Fellow 

of Corpus 
Charles Dayman, M.A., Exeter 
John Shuldham, M.A., Student of 

Ch. Ch. 



1839. 
Michaelmas T< rm. 
Loscombe Richards. D.D., Rector 
of Exeter, vice Burnt y 
George Chandler, D.C.L., sometime 

Fellow of New ( ioUege 
Ernest Hawkins, B.D., Fellow of 

Kxeter 
George H. Gleig, M-A., Balliol 
John Ryle Wood, MA., Ch.Ch. 
Robert William Browne, M.A., some- 
time Fellow of St. John's. 

1840. 
Act Term. 
"William Fisher Audland, M.A., Fellow 
of Queen's, vice Shuttleworth. 

1840. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Richard Lynch Cotton, D.D., Provost 

of Worcester 
Robert Walker, M.A., Wadham 
William John Chesshyre, 31". A., Balliol 
Thos. Tyssen Bazely, M.A., Brasenose 
"William Cureton, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

1841. 
Michaelmas Term. 

David Williams, D.C.L. , Warden of 
New College 

Francis Knyvett Leighton, M.A., Fel- 
low of All Souls 

Henry Edward Manning, M.A., Merton 

Thomas Legh Claugbton, M.A., Fellow 
of Trinity 

Herbert Kynaston, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

1842. 

Michaelmas Term. 

"William Jacobson, M.A., Magdalen 

Hall, vice Leighton 
Edward Hawkins, D.D., Provost of 

Oriel 
William Yaux, B.D., Balliol 
Henry Bristow Wilson, B.D., Fellow 

of St. John's 
Henry George Liddell, M.A., Student 

ofCh.Ch. 
Henry O. Coxe, M.A., Worcester. 

1843. 
Michaelmas Term. 

James Garbett, M.A., Brasenose, vice 
Vaux 

Archibald Campbell Tait, D.C.L., 
Balliol 

Augustus Short, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

Francis Knyvett Leighton, M.A., All 
Souls 

Edward Cockey, M.A., Fellow ot 
Wadham 

Piers Calverley Claughton, M.A., Fel- 
low of University. 



SELECT PREACHERS. 



103 



1844. 

Michaelmas Term. 

George Ferris Whidborne Mortimer, 

D.D., Queen's 
Charles Atmore Ogilvie, D.D., Balliol 
Augustus l'age Saunders, D.D., Ch. Ch. 
Samuel Wilberforce, M.A., Oriel 
Thomas Johnson Ormerod, M.A.,Brase- 
nose. 

1845. 
Easter Term. 
Francis Jeune, H.C.L., Master of Pem- 
broke, vice Short. 

1845. 
Michaelmas Term. 
Charles Daring, M.A., Ch. Ch., vice 
Wilberforce 

Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, M.A., Fellow 

of University, rice Saunders 
John Jackson, M.A., Pembroke 
James Roydon Hughes, M.A., New 

College 
Charles Browne Dalton, M.A.,Wadham 
Samuel Waldegrave, M.A., All Souls i 
Edward Meyrick Goulburn, M.A., Fel- 
low of Merton. 

184G. 
Michaelmas Term. 
Charles "Williams, B.D., Jesus 
Robert Hussey, B.D., Ch. Ch. 
John Douglas Giles, M.A., Corpus 
Hen. Blackstone Williams, M.A., New 

College 
Edward Halifax Hansell, B.D., Fellow 
of Magdalen. 

1847. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Henry Wellesley, D.D., Principal of 

New Inn Hall 
Robert Walker, M.A., Wadham 
James Garbett, M.A., Brasenose 
Henry George Liddell, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
George Charles Hall, M.A., Magdalen. 

1848. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Richard Harington, D.D., Principal of 

Brasenose 
Henry Spencer Slight, B.D., Fellow of 

Corpus 
John Ernest Bode, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
Frederick D. Maurice, M.A., Exeter 
"William Thomson, M.A., Fellow of 

Queen's. 

1849. 
Michaelmas Term. 
Osborne Gordon, B D., Ch. Ch. 
Robert Isaac Wilberforce, M. A., Oriel 
Benjamin Jowett, M.A., Balliol 
John Gibbons Longueville, M.A.,Wad- 

ham 
Robert Wheeler Bush, M.A., Worcester 
James Augustus Hessey, D.C.L., St. 

John's, eke Garbett. 



1850. 
Easter Term. 
Piers Calverlcy Claughton, M.A., Uni- 
versity, vice Longueville. 

1850. 
Michaelmas Term. 

Richard Charles Coxe,M.A.,Worcester 
John Griffiths, M.A., Wadham 
Thomas Legh Claughton, M A. .Trinity 
John Jackson, MJL, Pembroke 
Edward C. Woollcombe, M.A., Balliol. 

1851. 

Michaelmas Term. 
Charles Abel Heurtley, B.D., Corpus 
William Beadon Heathcote, B.C.L., 

Fellow of New College 
James Eraser, M.A., Fellow of Oriel 
Edward Stokes, M.A., Student of Ch. 

Ch. 
Edward Hayes Plumptre, M.A., Brase- 
nose. 

1852. 
Michaelmas Term. 
Anthony Grant, D.C.L., New College 
William Sewell, B.D., Fellow of Exeter 
Charles Baring, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
Robert Scott, M.A., Balliol 
Edward Monro, M.A. Oriel. 

1853. 
Lent Term. 
John Barrow, M.A., Queen's, vice 
Heathcote. 

1853. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Joseph Esmond Riddle, M.A., St. 

Edmund Hall, vice Barrow 
Charles P. Eden, M.A., Oriel, vice 
Monro. 

1854. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Samuel Wilberforce, D.D., Oriel, 

Bishop of Oxford 
George Andrew Jacob, D.D., Worcester 
Thomas \). Bernard, M.A., Exeter 
William C. Lake, M. A., Balliol 
Charles R. Conybeare, M.A., Ch. Ch, 

1855. 
Michaelmas Term. 
William Edward Jelf, B.D., Ch. Ch. 
William Andrew, M.A., Worcest* r 
Frederick Meyrick, M.A., Trinity 
John G. Sheppard, MA., Wadham 
John L. Hoskyns, M.A. Magdalen. 

1856. 

Michaelmas Term. 

Edward Meyrick Goulburn, D.C.L., 

Merton 
Stephen Jordan Rigaud, D.D., Exeter 



104 



SELECT PREACHERS. 



William Thomson, M.A. Provost of 

Queen's 
John Barclay, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
William Harrison, M.A., Brasenose. 

1867. 
Michaelmcu Term. 

Walter Kerr Hamilton, D.D., Merton, 

Bishop of Salisbury 
Edward II. Cradock, D.D., Principal of 

Brasenose 
Adam Storey Farrar, M.A., Fellow of 

Queen's 
George H. Curteis, M.A., Fellow of 

Exeter 
Frederick Temple, M.A., Balliol. 

1858. 
Walter Farquhar Hook, D.D., Ch. Ch. 
George Moberly, D.C.L., Balliol 
Charles Williams, B.D., Principal of 

Jesus 
Henry B. Whitaker Churton, M.A. 

Brasenose 
Edward W. Tufnell, M.A., Fellow of 

Wadham. 

1859. 

Francis Knyvett Leighton, D.D., War- 
den of All Souls 

James Shergold Boone, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

William Hedley, Fellow of University 

Charles Peter Chretien, M.A., Fellow 
of Oriel. 

William Ince, M.A., Fellow of Exeter. 

1860. 

Drummond Percy Chase, M.A., Prin- 
cipal of St. Mary Hall 

Henry Longueville Mansel, B.D., St. 
John's 

Robert Gandell, M.A., Magdalen Hall 

William Basil Tickell Jones, M.A., 
University 

John W. Burgon, M.A., Fellow of Oriel. 

1860. 
Samuel Wilberforee,D.D.,Oriel,Bishop 
of Oxford, vice Gandell. 

1861. 
Yen. Archdeacon Grant, D.C.L., New 

College 
Edward Arthur Litton, M.A., Oriel 
Edward Garbett, M.A., Pembroke 
Thos. Dehaney Bernard, M.A., Exeter 
Benjamin Charles Caffin, M.A., Fellow 

of Worcester. 

1861. 
James Fraser, M.A., Fellow of Oriel, 
vice Grant. 

1862. 
John Jackson, D.D., Pembroke, Bishop 
of Lincoln 



Osborne Gordon, B.D., Student of 

Ch. Ch. 
Arthur West Haddan, B.D., Trinity 
James Biddell, M.A., Fellow of Balliol 
Walter W. Shirley, M.A., Wadham. 

1862. 
George William Kitchin, M.A., Stu- 
dent of Ch. Ch., vice Gordon. 

1863. 
George Moberly, D.C.L., Balliol 
Thomas L. Claughton, M.A., Trinity 
John R. T. Eaton, M.A., Fellow of 

Merton 
Henry Parry Liddon, M.A, Student of 

Ch. Ch. 
George Ridding, M.A., Exeter. 

1864. 
Edward M. Goulburn, D.D., Merton 
William Thomson, D.D., sometime 

Provost of Queen's, Archbishop of 

York 
Henry A. Woodgate, B.D., St. John's 
Thomas E. Espin, B.D., Lincoln 
Edward H. Plumptre, M.A., Brasenose. 

1865. 
William Kay, D.D., Fellow of Lincoln 
Edward Churton, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
Frederick Meyrick, M.A., Trinity 
Henry Walford, M.A., Wadham 
Edwin Palmer, M.A., Fellow of Balliol. 

1866. 

John Jackson, D.D., Pembroke, Bishop 
of Lincoln 

Richard W. Church, M.A, sometime 
Fellow of Oriel 

William Basil T. Jones, M.A., some- 
time Fellow of University 

George H. Curteis, M.A., sometime 
Fellow of Exeter 

Edward C. Wickham, M.A., Fellow of 
New College. 

1867. 
John Cole Miller, D.D., Lincoln 
Robert Gregory, M.A., Corpus 
Samuel Joseph Hulme, M.A., some- 
time Fellow of Wadham 
George Charles Bell, M.A., Fellow of 

Worcester 
John Richard Magrath, M.A, Fellow 
of Queen's. 

1868. 

Samuel Wilberforce, D.D., Oriel, 
Bishop of Oxford 

Thomas Legh Claughton, D.D.,Trinity, 
Bishop of Rochester 

Wharton Booth Marriott, M.A., some- 
time Fellow of Exeter 

Charles Waldegrave Sandford, M.A., 
Student of Ch. Ch. 

WilliamWalsham How.M.A. Wadham 



SELECT PREACHERS. 



105 



18G9. 
William Jacobson, D.D., Ch. Ch., 

Bishop of Chester 
Henry L. Hansel, D.D., Ch. Ch., Dean 

of St. Paul's 
James Bowling Hozley, B.D., sometime 

Fellow of Hagdalen 
Alfred Blomfield, H.A., Fellow of All 

Souls 
Charles Hartin, H.A., Senior Student 

ofCh. Ch. 

1870. 
William Stubbs, H.A., Fellow of Oriel, 
vice Jacobson. 

1870. 

William Alexander, D.D., Brasenose, 
Bishop of Deny and Raphoe 

Adam Storey Farrar, D.D., sometime 
Hichel Fellow of Queen's 

John Fielder Haekarntss, D.D., some- 
time Fellow of Exeter, Bishop of 
Oxford 

Henry Parry Liddon, D.D., Student of 
Ch. Ch. 

William Ince, H.A., Fellow of Exeter. 

1871. 
James Fraser, D.D., Oriel, Bishop of 
Manchester 

HenryHackenzie,Hon.D.D.,Pembroke, 
Suffragan Bishop of Nottingham 

Edw. Heyriek Goulburn, D.D. Herton. 

Edward Paroissien Eddrup, H.A., 
Wadham 

George William Kitchin, H.A., Ch. Ch. 

1872. 

Frederick Temple, D.D., Balliol, 
Bishop of Exeter 

John Hitehinson, D.C.L., Fellow of 
Pembroke 

Henry Harris, B.D., Hagdalen 

Edward Hayes Plumptre, H.A., Brase- 
nose 

William Wolfe Capes, H.A., Queen's. 

1873. 

Charles John Yaughan, D.D., Trinity 

College, Cambridge, vice Goulburn. 

1873. 
Harvey Goodwin, D.D., Caiu6 College, 

Cambridge, Bishop of Carlisle 
Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, D.D., Ch. Ch. 
Edwin Palmer, H.A., Fellow of Corpus 
John Earle, H.A., Oriel 
Thomas Fowler, H.A., Fellow of 

Lincoln. 

1874. 
Robert Scott, D.D., Balliol 
Joseph Barber Lightfoot, D.D., Trinity 
College, Cambridge 



George Granville Bradley, H. A., Haster 

of University 
John Charles Ryle, H.A., Ch. Ch. 
George Herbert Curteis, SLA., Exeter 
Edward Stuart Talbot, H.A., Warden 

of Keble, vice Hitehinson. 

1875. 
Handell Creighton, H.A., sometime 
Fellow of Herton, vice Ryle. 

1875. 

Edward White Benson, D.D., Trinity 
College, Cambridge 

Edmund Salusbury Ffoulkes, B.D., 
Jesus 

Frederick Heyriek, H.A., Trinity 

Henry Lewis Thompson, H.A., Stu- 
dent of Ch. Ch. 

Chailes Pritchard, H.A., New College. 

1876. 
William Basil Jones, D.D., University, 

Bishop of St. David's 
Charles John Yaughan, D.D., Trinity 

College, Cambridge 
Richard William Church, H.A., Oriel 
William Ince, H.A., Fellow of Exeter 
John Wordsworth, H.A., Brasenose 

1877. 
James Fraser, D.D., Oriel, Bishop of 

Hanchester 
George Salmon, D.D., Trinity College, 

Dublin ; Hon. D.C.L. 
John William Burgon, B.D., Oriel 
Henry Parry Liddon, D.D., Hon. 

D.C.L., Student of Ch. Ch. 
Edwin Abbott Abbott, D.D., St. John's 

College, Cambridge. 

1878. 
Anthony Wilson Thorold, D.D., 

Queen's, Bishop of Rochester 
Brooke Foss Westcott, D.D., Trinity 

College, Cambridge 
Henry Hontagu Butler, D.D., Trinity 

College, Cambridge 
Hon. William Henry Fremantle, H.A., 

All Souls 
William Walter Herry, H.A., Fellow 

of Lincoln. 

1879. 
Edwin Hamilton Gifford, D.D., St. 

John's College, Cambridge 
Henry Boyd, D.D., Principal of 

Hertford 
John Charles Ryle, H.A., Ch. Ch. 
George Howard Wilkinson, H.A., 

Oriel 
Henry Scott Holland, H.A., Senior 

Student of Ch. Ch. 



106 



BAMPTON LECTURES. 



William Connor Ma ee, 1 '. I >.. Trinity 
College, Dublin, Bishop of l' 
borough 

Cli.nl. s Parsons K'< IcheL D.D., Trinity 
( ollege, 1 >ublin. 

Jobs Hannah, lu.l... sometime Fel- 
low of Lincoln, vice ( lifford 

Henry Waco, M.A.. Brasenose 

William Walrond Jackson. MA., Fel- 
low of Exeter 

Edward Lee Hicks, 31. A., Corpus. 



1881. 

John Gibson Cazenove, D.D., Brasenose 

George Frederick Maclear, D.D., 
Trinity College, Cambridge 

Richard William (Lurch, 3I.A., Hon. 
D.C.l... Olid 

Peter Goldsmith 31edd, 3I.A., Uni- 
versity 

John IV nival, 31. A., President of 
Trinity. 



1882. 
William Alexander, D.D., Hon. D.C.L., 

Brasenose, Bishop of Derry and 

Raphoe 
Thomas Dehaney Bernard, 31. A., 

Exeter 
John Llewellyn Davies, M.A., Trinity 

College, Cambridge 
Robert Baker Girdlestone, 31.A., 

Ch. Ch. 
John Richardson Illingworth, 31.A., 

Fellow of Jesus. 



1883. 

Henry 31ontagu Butler, D.D., Trinity 
College, Cambridge 

Edward Charles Wickham, 3I.A., New- 
College 

William Boyd Carpenter, 3I.A., St. 
Catharine's College, Cambridge 

Edward Stuart Talbot, 31.A., Warden 
of Keble 

Charles Gore, M.A., Fellow of Trinity. 



lss-1. 
Harvey Goodwin, D.D., Cains College, 

Cambridge, Bishop of Carlisle 
Henry Parry Uddon,D.D.,Hon.D.C.L., 

Student oiCh. ( h. 
Art Inn (hay Butler, 31. A., Fellow of 

Oriel 
Francis John Jayne, 31. A., Jesus 
Alfred Edersheim, M.A., Ch. Ch. 



1885. 
Adam Story Farrar, D.D., Queen's 
Samuel Reynolds Hole, 31. A. .Brasenose 
George Charles Bell, 31. A., Worcester 
Carteret John Halbord Fletcher, 31. A., 

Worcester 
Aubrey Lackington 3Ioore, 31. A., St. 

John's. 

1886. 
Charles Parsons Reichel, D.D., Trinity 

College, Dublin, Bishop of 31eath 
Edward Henry Braclbv. 3I.A., Balliol 
Edwin Hatch, MA., St. 3Iary Hall ' 
3Iandell Creighton, 31.A., 3Ierton 
James Edward Cowell Welldon, 31. A., 

King's College, Cambridge. 

1887. 
William Stubbs, D.D., Oriel, Bishop of 

Chester 
John James Stewart Perowne, D.D., 

Corpus Christi College, Cambridge 
Edward 3Ioore, D.D., Principal of St. 

Edmund Hall 
Henry Armitage James, B.D., St. 

John's 
Robert Eyton, M.A., Ch. Ch. 

1888. 
John Wordsworth. D.D., Brasenose, 

Bishop of Salisbury 
George Alexander Chadwick, D.D., 

Trinity College, Dublin 
George Herbert Curteis, 3f. A., Exeter 
John Percival, 31. A., Trinity 
Francis James Chavasse, 31. A., Corpus 



Bampton Lectures. 

In pursuance of the Will of the Eev. John Bampton, M.A., some- 
time of Trinity College, Canon of Salisbury, " Eight Divinity Lecture 
" Sermons " are preached on as many Sunday mornings in Term, " be- 
" tween the commencement of the last month in Lent Term and the 
" end of the third week in Act Term, upon either of the following 
" subjects : to confirm and establish the Christian Faith, and to confute 
" all heretics and schismatics — upon the divine authority of the Holy 
" Scriptures — upon the authority of the writings of the primitive Fathers, 



BAMPTON LECTURES. 



107 



" as to the Faith and Practice of the primitive Church — upon the Di- 
vinity of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ — upon the Divinity of 
"the Holy Ghost — upon the Articles of the Christian Faith, as com- 
" prehended in the Apostles' and Nicene Creeds." 

The Lecturer, who must he at least a Master of Arts of Oxford or 
Cambridge, is chosen yearly by the Heads of Colleges on the fourth 
Tuesday in Easter Term. No one can be chosen a second time. 

Thirty copies of the Sermons are to be always printed within two 
months after they are preached, and one copy is to be given to the 
Chancellor of the University, one to the Head of every College, and 
one to the Mayor of Oxford, and one is to be put into the Bodleian 
Library ; and the Preacher is not entitled to the revenue of the endow- 
ment before they are printed. 

The Founder died in 1751, but his bequest did not take effect until 
1779, in which year the first Lecturer was chosen. The estate provided 
for the endowment now produces ,£200 to each Lecturer. 



Lecturers. 



1780 
1781 
1782 
1783 

1784 

1785 
1786 
1787 
1788 
1789 
1790 
1791 
1792 

1793 
1794 
1795 
1796 
1797 
1798 
L799 
1800 
1801 
1802 

1803 
1804 

1805 
1806 
1807 

1808 
1809 

1810 
1811 
1812 
1813 
1814 



James Bandinel, D.D., Jesus 
Timothy Neve, D.D., Merton 
Robt. Holmes, M i., New College 
John Cobb, D.D., St. John's 
Joseph White, B.D., Wadham 
Ralph Churton, M.A., Brasenose 
George Croft, D.D., University 
Wm. Hawkins, M.A., Pembroke 
Richard Shepherd, D.D., Corpus 
Edward Tatham, D.D., Lincoln 
Henry Rett, M.A., Trinity 
Robert Morres, M.A., Brasenose 
John Eveleigh, D.D., Provost of 

Oriel m 
James Williamson, B.D., Queen's 
Thomas Wintle, B.D., Pembroke 
Daniel Veysie, B.D., Oriel 
Robert Gray, M.A., St. Mary Hall 
Wm. Finch, H.C.L., St. John's 
Chas. Henry Hall, B.D., Ch. Ch. 
William Barrow, D.C.L., Queen's 
George Richards, M.A., Oriel 
Geo. Stanlev Faber.M.A., Lincoln 
George Frederick Nott, B.D., All 

Souls 
John Farrer, SLA., Queen's 
Rd. Laurence, D.C.L., University 
Edward Kares, M.A., Merton 
John Browne, M.A., Corpus 
Thomas Le Mesurier, M.A., New 

College 
John Penrose. M.A., Corpus 
John B. S. Carwithen, M.A., St. 

Mary Hall 
Thomas Falconer, M.A., Corpus 
John Bidlake, L.D., Ch. Ch. 
Richard Slant, M.A., Oriel 
John Collinson, M.A., Queen's 
Wm. Van Mildert, D.D., Ch. Ch. 



1815 
1816 
1817 
1818 
1819 
1820 
1821 
1822 
1823 
1824 

1825 

1826 
1827 
1828 
1829 
1830 
1831 

1832 

1833 
1834 

1835 

1837 

1838 
1839 
1840 

1841 
1842 

1843 

1844 
1845 



Reginald Heber, M.A., All Souls 
John Hume 8] ry, M.A., Oriel 
John Miller, M.A., Worcester 
Chas. A. Movsey, D.D., Ch. C h. 
Hector D. Morgan, M.A., Trinity 
Godfrey Faussett,M. A., Magdalen 
John Jones, M.A., Jesus 
Richard Whatelv, M.A., Oriel 
Charles Goddard, D.D., Ch. Ch. 
John Josias Conybeare, M.A., Ch. 

Ch. 
George Chandler, D.C.L., New 

College 
William Yaux, B.D., Balliol 
Hy.HartMilman,M. A., Brasenose 
Thomas Home, B.H., Ch. Ch. 
Edward Burton, D.D., Ch. Ch. 
Henry Soames, M.A., Wadham 
Thomas Wm. Lancaster, M.A., 

Queen's 
Renn Dickson Hampden, M.A., 

Oriel 
Frederick Nolan, D.C.L., Exeter 
No appointment 
No appointment 

Charles A. Ogilvie, M.A., Balliol 
Thomas S. L. Vogan, M.A., St. 

Edmund Hall 
Hy. A. W oodgate, B.D., St. John's 
Wm. P. Conybeare, M.A., Ch. Ch. 
Edward Hawkins, LVD., Provost 

of Oriel 
Samuel Wilberforce, M.A., Oriel 1 
James Garhett, M.A., Braeenoee 
Anthony Giant, O.C.L., New 

College 
Richard William Jelf, D.D., 

Canon of ( h. ( h. 
Chas. Abel Heurtley, B.D., Corpus 



1 Owing to a domestic calamity no Lectures were delivered this year. 



108 



BAMPTON LECTURES. 



1>K'> AugorttM Short, M.A., f'li. Ch. 

1847 W. A. Miii lev, 1 ).!>., New College 1 

1848 Edward <i. Harsh, M.A., Oriel 

1849 Richard Mieheli J'. J>., Lincoln 
js',11 Edw. H.Goulburn, MA . Herton 

1851 Henry B. Wilson, BJ >.. St. John's 

1852 Joseph E. Riddle, M.A., 8t Ed- 

ui mid Hall 
\\ in. Thomson, M.A., Queen's 
1854 Hun. Samnel Waldegrave, M.A., 

All Bonis 
1S.V, .l.,hn [•;. J"..k1.'. M.A . Cli.Ch. 

1856 Edward A. Litton, 31. A.. Oriel 

1857 \\ Lilian) E Jel£ B.D., Ch, ( h. 

1858 I l.nry L. Hansel, B.D., St. John's 

1859 George Rawlinson, M.A . Exeter 

1860 .Ins. A. Hessey, D.C.L., St. John's 
l-.il John Sandford, B.D., Balliol 
1862 Adam Storey Faxrar, M.A., 

Queen's 
18*53 John Hannah, D.C.L., Lincoln 

1864 Thos. D. Bernard, M.A., Exeter 

1865 James B. Mozley, B.D., Magdalen 

1866 Jlv. Parry Liddon, M.A.,( h. ( h. 

1867 Edward Garbett, MA, Pembroke 

1868 George Moberlv, D.C.L., Balliol 

1869 Robert I 'avne Smith, D.D., Canon 

oith.Ch. 

1870 Wm. Josiah Irons, D.D., Queen's 

1871 George Herbert Curteis, M.A., 

Exeter 



1872 .TcihnRichard Turner Eaton, M. A., 
Herton 

l-.:'. Isaac Gregory Smith, M.A., 
Brasenose 

1874 Stanley Leathes, M.A., Jesus Col- 

lege, ( 'ambridge 

1875 W in. ,I;k kson, 31. A., "Worcester 

1876 Wm. Alexander, D.D., Brasenose 

1877 Charles Adolphus Bow, M.A., 

I Vmbroke 

1878 Charles Henry Hamilton Wright, 

M.A., Exeter 

1879 Henry \\ ace. M.A. , Brasenose 

1880 Edwin Hatch, M.A., St. Mary 

Hall 

1881 John Wordsworth, M.A. .Brasenose 

1882 Peter Goldsmith Medd, M.A., 

University 

1883 Hon. William Henry Fremantle, 

H.A.. All Souls and Balliol 

1884 Frederick Temple, D.D., Balliol 

1885 Frederick William Farrar, D.D., 

Trinitv College, Cambridge 

1886 Charles Bigg, D.D., Corpus 

1887 William Boyd Carpenter, D.D., 

St. Catharine's College, Cam- 
bridge 

1888 Robert Edward Bartlett, M.A., 

Trinity 

1889 Thomas Kelly Cheyne, M.A. 

Oriel. 



1 Dr. Shirley died before the delivery of his third Lecture. 



109 



UNIVEESITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 



Ceaven Scholarships and Fellowships. 

John, Lord Craven of Eyton, by his Will dated May 28, 1647, directed 
that "out of the yearly rents and profits" of an estate purchased by 
him in Sussex ,£100 per annum should " be raised towards the main- 
tenance of four poor Scholars," two at Oxford, and two at Cambridge, 
and that the surplus revenue of the estate should " be employed and 
bestowed for and towards the redemption of English Christian cap- 
tives, prisoners in Algiers or in any other places under the dominion 
of the Turk." He died a few months afterwards, his Executor declined 
to act, and in December, 1648, his elder brother William, Lord Craven 
of Hampsted-Marshall, (afterwards created Earl of Craven,) having 
been appointed Administrator, drew up certain regulations for the 
election of the Scholars, which were approved by Convocation in Octo- 
ber, 1649. Those regulations, agreeably to the Founder's desire, allowed 
a preference in all cases to persons of his " kindred or name," but 
otherwise the Scholarships were to be awarded after an examination in 
classical learning, in which no Graduate could be a Candidate, nor any 
Fellow or Scholar of a College. Each Scholarship was tenable for 
fourteen years from matriculation, or until the Scholar attained to some 
" preferment of a double value." The electors were the Vice-Chancellor, 
the Begins Professors, and the Public Orator. 

In 1664, William, Lord Craven, with the consent of both Universities, 
transferred the estate, subject to the trusts created by his brother's will, 
to a body of Trustees, whose successors now hold it. 

In March, 1819, it was determined by the Court of Chancery that 
the second part of the trust had come to an end from want of objects, 
and a Decree was made increasing the number of Scholars from four 
to ten, five for each University, and assigning to each Scholar an 
annual stipend of ,£50 for seven years from his election. Subsequently, 
the rents of the estate having improved, the stipends were increased 
to ,£'75. And by a Decree of the Court of Chancery, together with a 
Statute of the University approved by the Queen in Council in 1858, 
the Foundation for Oxford, and the regulations concerning it, the 
Scholarships were made six in number, tenable for three years, with 
stipends of ,£80 a-year each, two Scholars being elected every year in 
Act Term. 

Under a scheme sanctioned by the High Court of Justice in 1886 
there are now two Fellowships and six Scholarships. 

The Fellowships are tenable for two years, with an annual stipend 
of ,£200 each. Candidates must have passed the Examinations 
required for the degree of B.A., and not have exceeded twenty-eight 



110 UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 

Terms from matriculation. One Fellow is elected annually in 
Michaelmas Term by a committee of five persons appointed for the 

purpose K the Board of the faculty of Arts (Literoe Humaniores). 
The Committee may eled cither without examination, or after such 
examination iu Greek and Latin literature, history, and antiquities, or 
in some parts of these subjects, as they shall think fit. Every Fellow 
is required bo spend at least eight months of each year of his tenure 
of the Fellowship iu residence abroad for the purpose of study at some 
place in- places approved by the electing Committee. 

The Scholarships are tenable for two years, with an annual 
stipend of ,£'40 each. Candidates must lie members of the University 
who have not exceeded sixteen Terms from matriculation. Three 
Scholars are elected annually in Michaelmas Term after an exami- 
nation conducted by three persons nominated by the Committee above- 
mentioned. The examination is the same as that for the Ireland 
Scholarship, and the person elected to that Scholarship, if he has not 
already gained a Craven Scholarship, is elected at the same time 
to the first Craven Scholarship. No person can be elected a second 
time to a Craven Scholarship. 

Scholars. 

N.B. The Register is very defective before tlie year 1776. 
An asterisk denotes the Founder's " kindred or name.' 

1726 Edward Bentham, Corpus ; Fellow of Oriel ; afterwards Regius Professor of 

Divinity > 

1726? * John Craven, Ch.Ch. 
1738 *Huniphrey Perrott, M.A., Fellow of Oriel 

1754 ? *Edward Whitmore, Fellow of New College 

1762? "William? Woodward, Merton ? 

1764 ? Thomas ? Whitchurch, Ch. Ch. ? 

1776 Thomas Portal, Hertford 

1776 Charles Sawkins, Ch. Ch. : Student 

1776 Richard Twopeny, Oriel ; Fellow 

1780 Thomas Bancroft, Brasenose 

1784 .Samuel Perrot Parker, Trinity ; Fellow of Merton 

1798 Charles Collins, Ch. Ch. 

1798 John Davison, Ch. Ch. ; Fellow of Oriel 

1802 *Robert Henry Johnson, Brasenose 

1806 *Charles John Craven, St. John's 

1807 *Charles Thomas Johnson, Brasenose 
1811 *Fnlwai William Fowle, Merton 

1817 *James Edward Austen, Exeter ; afterwards J. E. Austen-Leigh 

1817 James Shereold Boone, Ch. Ch. ; Student 

1822 *Edward Ness, St. Mary Hall 

1822 *Henry Edward Vaux, Exeter 

1822 John Parry; Brasenose 

1829 *William Henry Johnson, Worcester 

1829 John Thomas, Wadham : Scholar of Trinity 

1829 Frederic Rogers, Oriel ; Fellow ; afterwards Lord Blachford 

1830 Robert Scott, Ch. Ch. ; Student ; afterwards Master of Balliol, and Professor 

of Exegesis 
1830 *George Vansittart Craven, Exeter 
1833 John Adams, Ch. Ch. ; Student 

1835 Alfred Wallis Street, Magdalen Hall 

1836 William Linwood, Ch. Ch. ; Student 

1836 John Charles Ryle, Ch. Ch. 

1837 George Marshall, Ch. Ch. ; Student 



CRAVEN SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS. Ill 

1839 *Charles Augustas Johnson, Brasenose 

1841 John Henry Latham, Brasenose 

L842 *John Walter Wiltshire, Trinity 

1843 *William Henry Fowle, Trinity 

1843 John Edward l?weed,Cn. Ch. 

1844 George Osborne Morgan, Balliol ; Stowell Fellow of University 
1847 *Thomas Philip Craven, Worcester 

1849 *Charles Dacre Craven, Lincoln 

1850 *Dacre Craven, St. John's 

1851 George Kidding, Balliol ; Fellow of Exeter 
1851 *Charh's Edward Austen-Leigh, Balliol 

1853 David William Bernard, Merton 

1854 Charles Griffith, Wadham 

1854 Frederick Butler 31. Montgomerie, Balliol 

hs.77 *Arthur Henry Austen-Leigh, Balliol ; Fellow of St. John's 

1858 *Herbert Craven, Pembroke 

lSiil Robert S. Wright, Fellow of Oriel 

Henry Nettleship, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of Lincoln 

1862 James Bryce, Fellow of Oriel \ -p ni . nt 
George A. Simcox, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of Queen's J - C/( * uaf ' 

1863 No vacancies 

1864 John Purves, Balliol : Fellow of Balliol 

Courtenay Peregrine Ilbert, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1865 John E. Lancelot Shadwell, Junior, afterwards Senior, Student ) 

of Ch. Ch. YEqual 

William Henry Simcox, Fellow of Queen's J 

1866 Edward Russell Bernard, Exeter ; Fellow of Magdalen i ■&„_, 7 
Harman Chaloner Ogle, Fellow of Magdalen / -^1 ual - 

1867 John Wordsworth, New College ; Fellow of Brasenose ; Professor of Inter- 

pretation of Holy Scripture ; Fellow of Oriel 
Edward Lee Hicks, Fellow of Corpus 

1868 Robert Colley L. Dear, Fellow of Merton 
John Gent, Trinity ; Fellow of Trinity 

1869 William AVallace, Fellow of Merton 

George Nutt, Scholar of New College ; Fellow of Exeter 

1870 Walter Lock, Fellow of Magdalen 
Richard Lewis Nettleship, Fellow of Balliol 

1871 Robert Lowes Clarke, Fellow of Queen's 
Charles Thomas Cruttwell, Fellow of Merton 

1872 Francis David Morice, Fellow of Queen's 
Henry Montagu Randall Pope, Fellow of Lincoln 

1873 William Henry Forbes, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 
Alfred Goodwin, Fellow of Balliol 

1874 Herbert Henry Asquith, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol \ -p 7 
Henry Broadbent, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Exeter f £j 1 uau 

1875 Thomas Collins Snow, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of St. John's 
George Rodney Scott, Fellow of Merton 

1876 James Somerville Lockhart, Fellow of Hertford 

John Henry Onions, Ch. Ch. ; Senior Student of Ch. Ch. 

1877 Alfred Milner, Fellow of New College i « I/l7 
Francis Peacock Simpson, Balliol I ^ ual - 

1878 Henry Francis George Bramwell, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. 
Thomas Herbert Warren, Fellow, afterwards President, of Magdalen 

1879 Arthur Elam Haigh, Fellow of Hertford 

Robert Lawrence Ottlev, Senior Student of Ch. Ch. 

1880 Alfred Denis Godley, Balliol ; Fellow of Magdalen 
Walter Scott, Fellow of Merton 

1881 David Samuel Margoliouth, Fellow of New College 

Charles Ashworth James, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Hertford 

1882 John William Mackail, Exhibitioner, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 
Albert Curtis Clark, Exhibitioner of Balliol ; Fellow of Queen's 

1883 Wallace Martin Lindsay, Fellow of Jesus 
William Yorke Fausset, sometime Scholar of Balliol 

1884 William Ross Hardie, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

Charles Norton Edgecumbe Eliot, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Trinity 



1 1 2 UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 

1885 Francis William Pemher, Fellow of All Souls 

Frederick William Bussell, Demy of Magdalen ; Fellow of Brasenose 

Fellows and Scholars (under the scheme of 1886). 

1886 David George Hogarth. Fellow ofMagdalen. Fellow. ■■ 
Jons Mai-kith Sohulhof, Exhibitioner of Exeter x 
QSOBOI (Jilhkkt Ann-: DfuBBAY, Scholar of St. John's ( c t, 7 . 
Walter Ashburver, Exhibitioner of Balliol, Fellow ( acnolars - 

of Merton ) 

1887 Thomas William Allem, Queen's. Fallow. 
GtsoRGB Ohattbbton Riohabds, Scholar of Balliol ) 
Arthur Blackrurne Potntoh, Scholar of Balliol yScholars. 
John Uxdershell Powell, Scholar of Balliol J 



Eadcliffe's Travelling Fellowships. 

Dr. Kadcliffe, the Founder of the Library which bears his name, 
bequeathed to University College an estate in Yorkshire charged with 
the payment of ,£600 per annum to " two persons, to be chosen out of 
" the University of Oxford, when they are Masters of Arts and entered 
"on the Physic line, for the maintenance of the said two persons for 
" the space of ten years, and no longer, the half of which time at least 
" they are to travel in parts beyond sea for their better improvement ;" 
and he provided them with chambers in that College. The first two 
Fellows were elected in July, 1715, less than nine months after the 
death of the Founder. 

By an Ordinance of the University Commissioners under the Act of 
1854, instead of two Fellowships with stipends of ,£300 a-year each for 
ten years, there are now three Fellowships, each of the annual value of 
,£200, and tenable for three years only. Candidates need not be Mas- 
ters of Arts or entered on the Physic line, but they must have passed 
all the Examinations required for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and 
must either have been placed in the First Class in one at least of the 
Public Examinations of the University, or have obtained some Univer- 
sity Prize or Scholarship open to general competition. Each Candidate 
must declare that he intends to graduate in Medicine in the University 
of Oxford with the view of engaging in the practice of Medicine, and 
to travel abroad with a view to his improvement in that study ; and no 
one is to be elected who is legally authorised to practise as a Physician. 
But in case no person willing to make such a declaration shall offer 
himself as a Candidate, or no person of sufficient merit for election, the 
Fellowship then vacant is to be thrown open to all persons who have 
been placed in the First Class in the School of Natural Science, whether 
authorised to practise or not, and the person then elected is not to be 
required to make such declaration. 



VINERIAN SCHOLARSHIPS. 113 

Candidates are to be examined in such subjects connected with 
Medical Science, and by such official persons in Oxford, as the Electors 
shall appoint. 

The Electors are the same as for Radcliffe's Librarian, (see ante, 
page 90). 

A Fellow forfeits his Fellowship by spending more than eighteen 
months within the United Kingdom. 

Fellows elected under the Ordinance. 

1859 Henrv Matthews Tuckwell, Lincoln 

1860 Reginald Southey, Ch. Ch. 

1862 Francis Valentine Paxton, Ch. Ch. 

1863 Frederick C. Griffith Griffin, Lincoln 

1864 Augustus Beauchamp Northcote, Queen's 
186^ Joseph Frank Payne, Fellow of Magdalen 

1866 Charles Coleridge Pode, Exeter 

1867 William Henry Corfield, Fellow of Pembroke 

1868 Edward Isaac Sparks, Corpus 

1869 Henry Nottidge Moseley, Exeter ; afterwards Fellow of Exeter ; Linacro 

Professor of Human and Comparative Anatomy ; Fellow of Merton 

1870 Edwin Pay Lankester, Junior Student of Ch. Ch ; Fellow of Exeter 

1871 Arthur Wigley Bateman, Magdalen 

1872 Francis Hr-nry Champneys, Brasenose 
1878 Seymour John Sharkey, Jesus 

1874 Samuel Hatch West, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. 

1875 Charles William Mansell Moullin, Fellow of Pembroke 

1876 Pobcrt Harold Ainsworth Schofield, Lincoln 

1877 George Coates, Balliol 

1878 Percy Kidd, Balliol 

1879 Robert Isherwood Williamson, Ch. Ch. 

1880 William Wansbrough Jones, Demy of Magdalen 

1881 Alfred Jasper Anderson, Magdalen 

1882 Joseph Baldwin Nias, Exeter 

1S83 George Alfred Buckmaster, Magdalen 

1884 James Edward Blomfield, Magdalen 

1885 Frederick John Smith, Balliol 

1886 Herbert Pennell Hawkins, Pembroke 
1>87 Walker Overend, Balliol 

1888 Wilkinson Ovebend, Scholar of Keble, 



Vikeeian Scholarships. 

These have their endowment from the same Founder as the Pro- 
fessorship of English Law. Their number, and the amount of the 
stipends assigned to them, have been changed from time to time by 
Convocation according to the state of the Vinerian fund, which now 
amounts by accumulations to nearly ,£20,000. For many years before 
1854 there were two Fellows and five Scholar?, each elected for ten 
years, and receiving stipends, the former of ,£50, the latter of £'S0 > 
a-year. By a Statute made in 1853 it was enacted that in future 

H 



114 UNIVERSITY scholarships. 

there should be only one Fellow, elected at first f< >r five years, Imt 
capable of being continued lor rive more, with an annual stipend of 

,£100. and five Scholars, each elected for five years, with an annual 
stipend of X'35. 

A new Statute, approved by the Queen in Council in 1867, suppressed 
the Fellowship, and ordained that henceforth there should be three 
Scholars, each elected for three years, with an annual stipend of £80. 
One Scholar, and one only, is to be elected every year in Lent Term. 
Candidates must be members of the University who have completed 
two Fears and have not exceeded six years from their matriculation. 

The election is vested in a board consisting of the Vice-Chancellor, 
all the Professors of Law, and the Public Examiners in the School of 
Jurisprudence; who are to appoint for each election three examiners, 
including one at least of themselves. The subjects of examination are 
the Civil Law, International Law, General Jurisprudence, and especially 
the Law of England both public and private. 

Each Scholar is to satisfy the Vice-Chancellor every year that he 
belongs to one of the Inns of Court, or at least that he is bona fide 
studying English Law. 

Scholars elected under the Statute of 1853. 

1854 Frederick "William Walker, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Corpus 

1858 Richard Harington, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1859 Frederick Phipps Onslow, Pembroke 

1860 William Holding, Fellow of St. John's 

1861 James Bryce, Scholar of Trinity; afterwards Fellow of Oriel, and Eegius 

Professor of Civil Law 

1862 Charles Isaac Elton, Fellow of Queen's 

1863 Albert Sidney Chavasse, sometime Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of University 

1864 Arthur Dendv, Balliol ; Stowell Fellow, afterwards Fellow, of University 

1865 Election deferred to Lent Term 1866 

1866 Henry Hicks Hocking, St. John's 

1867 Thomas Pitts Taswell-Langmead, St. Mary Hall 

1st is Walter George Frank Phillimore, Fellow of All Souls 
1869 Wolselev Partridge Emerton, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. 
Is70 Archibald Brown, Ch. Ch. 
1 >. 1 Edmund Eobertson, Fellow of Corpus 

1872 Robert Lloyd Kenyon, Ch. Ch. 

1873 William Ebenezer Grigsby, Balliol 

1874 Lewis Boyd Sebastian, Exeter 

1875 Alfred Hopkinson, Stowell Fellow of University 

1876 Frederick Whinney, Worcester 

1877 Archibald Arthur Prankerd. Worcester 

1878 John Greenwood Shipman, New College 

1879 Harry Duff, Fellow of All Souls 

1880 George Herbert Stutfield, University 

1881 [No election] 

1882 Percv Ferdinand Wheeler, Oriel 

1883 William Cameron Gull, Ch. Ch. 

1884 John Meir Astburv, Trinitv 

1885 Albert Thomas Carter, Queen's 

1886 James Stuart Seaton, Pembroke 

1887 Eichari) Atkinson Shepherd, Trinity; Fellow of All Souls 

1888 Frank Tillyard, Balliol. 



dean Ireland's scholarships. 115 



Dean Ireland's Scholarships. 

Four Scholarships "for the promotion of Classical learning and taste 
were founded in the year 1825 by John Ireland, D.D., of Oriel College, 
Dean of Westminster, the same munificent person who became after- 
wards by his Will the Founder of the Professorship of Exegesis. He gave 
for their endowment ,£4000 in £3 per cent. Consolidated Annuities, 
now represented by a sum of £5813 8s. del. invested on mortgage. 

One Scholar, and one only, is elected every year in Michaelmas 
Term. Candidates must be Undergraduate Members of the University 
who have not exceeded the sixteenth Term from their matriculation. 

Each Scholarship is of the annual value of £30, and is tenable for four 
years, provided the Scholar keeps by residence two Terms in each year. 

The examination is the same as that for the Craven Scholarships, 
and the person elected to the Ireland Scholarship is, if he has not 
already gained one of them, elected to the first Craven Scholarship. 

Scholars. 

1825 Herman Merivale, Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of Balliol 

1826 Hassard Hume Dodgson, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1827 George Henry Saeheverell Johnson, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's 

1828 Edward Massie, AVadham 

1829 Charles William Borrett, Demy of Magdalen 

1830 Peter Samuel Henry Payne, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1831 Thomas Braneker, Scholar of AVadham 

1832 Roundell Palmer, Scholar of Trinity; Fellow of Magdalen ; afterwards first 

Earl of Selborne 

1833 Robert Scott, Student of Ch.Ch.; Master of Balliol ; Professor of Exegesis 

1834 Orlando Havdon Bridgeman Hyinan, Scholar of AVadham 

1835 Osborne Gordon, Student of Ch. Ch. 
1^36 William Linwood, Ch. Ch. ; Student 

1837 Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, Scholar of Balliol : Fellow of University ; Regius 

Professor of Ecclesiastical History 

1838 Ralph Robert Wheeler Lingen, Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of Balliol; Hon. 

Fellow of Trinity; afterwards Lord Lingen 

1839 James Fraser, Scholar of Lincoln ; Fellow of Oriel 

1840 Edward Kent Karslake, Student of Ch. Ch.; Fellow of Balliol 

18 ' 1 James Peers Tweed, Oades Scholar of Pembroke ; Fellow of Exeter 

1842 AVilliam Basil Tickell Jones, Scholar of Trinity; Fellow of University 

1843 Edwin Palmer, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol ; Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1844 John Conington, Demy of Magdalen; Fellow of University; Corpus 

Professor of Latin 

1845 Gold win Smith, Demy of Magdalen; Stowell Fellow of University ; Regius 

Professor of Modern History 

1846 Thomas Ansell Marshall, Scholar of Trinity 

1847 Isaac Gregory Smith, Scholar of Trinity: Fellow of Brasenose 

1848 Henry John Stephen Smith, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol and of 

Corpus 

1849 Maurice Day, Scholar of University 

1850 Robert Steward Falcon, Taberdar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's 

1851 John Young Sargent, Postmaster of Merton ; Fellow of Magdalen ; Fellow of 

Hertford 

1852 Robert ( teorge Wyndham Herbert, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of All Souls 

1853 Arthur (fray Butler, Scholar of University; Fellow of Oriel 

1854 AVilliam Lambert Newman, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1855 Robinson Ellis, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Trinity 

1856 Robert Griffith, Scholar of Wadham 

1857 Charles Synge Christopher Bowen, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol . 

H2 



116 UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 

1858 David Binning Bionro, Scholar of Balliol : Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Oriel 

1899 George Rankine Luke, Balliol: Senior Studenl of('h. Ch. 

1860 Ghaloner William Chute, Balliol; Fellow of Magdalen 

1861 ( teorge Augustus Simcox, Scholar <>f( iorpus : Fellow of Queen's 
ist'.'j Courtenay Peregrine Elbert, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 
is»;:5 Barman Chaloner Ogle, Demy, afterwards Fellow, of Magdalen 

1864 John EmiliuB Lancelot Shadwell, Junior, afterwards Senior, Student of 

Ch. Ch. 
|865 Fdward Boss Wharton, Scholar of Trinity: Fellow of Jesus 

1866 John Gent, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Trinity 

1867 Richard Lewis Nettleahip, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 
1n',s Robert Threshie Reid, Scholar of Balliol 

L86U Robert Lowes Clarke, Scholar of Balliol; Fellow of Queen's 
l^.ii John Arthur Godley, Exhibitioner of Balliol; Fellow of Hertford 

1871 William Henry Forbes, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1872 Alfred Goodwin, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1873 Henry Broadbent, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Exeter 

1874 Henry Francis Tatum, Scholar of Balliol 

1875 John Henry Onions, Junior, afterwards Senior, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1876 Walter Scott, Exhibitioner of Balliol ; Fellow of Merton 

1877 Edward Thomas Griffiths, Exhibitioner of Balliol 

1878 David Samuel Margoliouth, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College 
1S7'.» All., rt Curtis Clark, Exhibitioner of Balliol; Fellow of Queen's 

1880 John William Mac-kail, Exhibitioner, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1881 Charles Ashworth James, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Hertford 

1882 William Ross Hardie, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1883 Charles Norton Edsrcumbe Eliot, Scholar of Balliol; Fellow of Trinity 

1884 Francis William Pember, Scholar of Balliol; Fellow of All Souls 

1885 George Gilbert Arari Murray, Scholar of St. John's 

1S85 1 George Russell Northcote, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College 

1886 John Maurice Schulhof, Exhibitioner of Exeter 

1887 George Chatterton Richards, Scholar of Balliol. 



Eldon Law Scholarship. 

In the year 1830 the Subscribers to a Testimonial in honour of John, 
first Earl of Eldon, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain for twenty- 
five years (1801— 1806 and 1807—1827), resolved to establish a Law 
Scholarship w T ith the moneys contributed, for the purpose of " recording 
" Lord Eldon's connection with the Profession of the Law, and with the 
" University of which he was so distinguished an ornament, and, at the 
" same time, of conferring a real benefit, as well as a distinction, upon 
" meritorious individuals, who may have to struggle with difficulties in 
" the early part of their professional career," 

The management of the fund, including the election of the Scholar, 
is vested in fifteen Trustees, who must be Subscribers, or descendants 
of Subscribers, and Protestants. 

Candidates must be " Protestants of the Church of England, and 
" Members of the University of Oxford, who, having passed their Exaniin- 

1 Owing to a change in the time of holding the examination, two elections were 
made in 1385, one in Hilary Term and the other in Michaelmas Term. 



BODEN SCHOLARSHIPS. 117 

" ation for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, have been rated in the First 
" Class in one branch at least at examination, or have gained one of the 
" the Chancellor's Prizes, and who intend to follow the Profession of the 
" Law." In Bye-Laws passed in 1830, it is ordered that all applications 
be addressed to the Secretary to the Trustees, and that no application 
made by or on behalf of a Candidate to any individual Trustee be 
entertained. 

The Scholarship is tenable for three years, running from June 4, 
Lord Eldon's birthday, provided the Scholar keep his Terms regularly 
at one of the Inns of Court. By a Bye-Law passed in 1854, it is pro- 
vided that if the Scholar be called to the Bar, or commence practice 
under the Bar, he shall vacate his Scholarship. 

Should the fund increase sufficiently by accumulations or otherwise, 
a second Scholarship is to be established on similar conditions. 

Scholars. 

1831 Herman Merivale, Fellow of Balliol 

1834 Koundell Palmer, Scholar of Trinity; Fellow of Magdalen ; afterwards first 

Earl of Sel borne 
1837 Arthur Kensington, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Trinity 
1840 Thomas Henry Haddan, Fellow of Exeter 
1843 Edward Kent Karslake, Fellow of Balliol 
1846 Ralph Eobert Wheeler Lingen, Fellow of Balliol ; Hon. Fellow of Trinity ; 

afterwards Lord Lingen 
1849 John Conington, Fellow of University ; Corpus Professor of Latin 
1851 George Osborne Morgan, Stowell Fellow of University 
1854 Eobert George Wyndham Herbert, Scholar of Balliol; Fellow of All 

Souls 
1856 Montague Hughes Cookson, Fellow of St. John's 
1859 Horace Davey, Fellow, afterwards Hon. Fellow, of University 
1861 Henry Alexander Giffard, Corpus : Senior Student of Ch. Ch. 
1864 John Mott Maidlow, Fellow of Queen's 
1867 Courtenay Peregrine Ilbert, Fellow of Balliol 
1870 Alfred Barratt, Fellow of Brasenose 
1872 John Gent, Fellow of Trinity 
1874 John Arthur Godley, Balliol ; Fellow of Hertford 
1876 James Eastwick, Fellow of Trinitv 
1878 Alfred Milner, Fellow of New College 

1881 Charles Ash worth James, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Hertford 
1884 Albert Thomas Carter, Scholar of Queen's 

1887 Francis William Pember, Fellow of All Souls 

1888 George Russell Northcote, Fellow of New College. 



BODEN SCHOLAKSHIPS. 

Four Scholarships "for proficiency in the Sanskrit Language and 
Literature" were established by Decrees of the Court of Chancery in 
1830 and 1860, in order to carry into effect the purpose of the late 
Colonel Boden, stated in the article on the Boden Professorship of 
Sanskrit. 



118 (MVERSITV SCHOLARSHIPS. 

One Scholar Is elected every year in Hilary Term. Candidates must 
be Members <>f some College or Hall, who have not exceeded the 
twenty-fifth year of their age. 

Each Scholarship is tenable for four years with an annual stipend of 
£50, payable half-yearly, provided the Scholar retains his name on 
the hooks of some College or Hall, keeps by statutable residenee three 
Terms in each year, attends Lectures of the Professor, and makes 
sufficient proficiency in Sanskrit. Default in these conditions entails 
forfeiture of the Scholarship, or at least of some portion of the 
stipend. 

The Electors are the Boden Professor of Sanskrit, the Regius 
Professors of Divinity, Hebrew, and Greek, the Laudian and Lord 
Almoner's Professors of Arabic, and the Professor of Latin, or any 
three of them ; but they may appoint a deputy or deputies to act in 
their stead. 

At first, until the expiration of an annuity of ,£100 given by the 
Founder's Will, there were but two Scholars. 

Scholars. 

1833 William Alder Strange, Scholar of Pembroke 
Edward Price, Magdalen Hall 

1834 Salomon Caesar Bffalan, St.Fdnrund Hall 

1837 Arthur Wellington Wallis, Magdalen Hall 

1838 William Henry Jones, Magdalen Hall 

1839 William Linwood, Student of C'h. Ch. 

1840 Robert Payne Smith, Scholar of Pembroke ; Eegius Professor of Divinity 

1841 Alexander Penrose Forbes, Brasenose 

1843 Monier Williams, University ; Professor of Sanskrit 

1844 Edward Markham Heale, Queen's 

1845 Robert Hake, St. Edmund Hall 

1848 Thomas Hutchinson Tristram, Lincoln 

1849 Ralph Thomas Hotchkin Griffith, Queen's 

1853 John Frederick Browne, Exeter 

1854 Frederick William Walker, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Corpus 

1855 Henry Cobbe Sutherland, Lincoln 

1857 William Hooper, Wadham 

Cockburn Thomson, St. Mary Hall 

John William Nutt, Scholar of Corpus; Fellow of All Souls 

1858 Robinson Ellis, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Trinity 

Childers George Sperling, Postmaster of Merton 

1859 William Henrv Smith, Fellow of St. John's 

1861 William Henry Coxe, Balliol 

1862 Edward John Long Scott, Lincoln 

1863 Charles Arthur Roe, Postmaster of Merton 

1864 Archibald Edward Gough, Scholar of Lincoln 

1865 John Pickford, Scholar of Brasenose 

1866 Henry John Mathews, Exeter 

1867 Edmund Arbuthnot Knox, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of Merton 

1868 Francis Chorley Channinsr, Scholar of Corpus 

1869 Pierce de Lacy Henrv Johnstone, Exhibitioner of Balliol 

1870 Peter Peterson, Balliol 

1871 Charles Henry Jopp, Scholar of New College 

1872 Frederick Eden Pargiter, Exhibitioner of Exeter 

1873 Robert Hume Gunion, Scholar of Lincoln 

1874 Brajendrandth De\ St. Mary Hall 

1875 James Wilson, Balliol 

1876 James M c Crone Douie, Balliol 

1877 Arthur Venis Lazarus, Balliol 



MATHEMATICAL SCHOLARSHIPS. 119 

1878 Arthur Anthony Macdonell, Exhibitioner of Corpus 

1879 William Coward Bradley, Scholar of Queen's 

1880 John Lionel Postgate, Eglesfteld Exhibitioner of Queen's 

1881 David Samuel Margoliouth, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College 

1882 Charles Wynter Payne, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. 

1883 Charles Norton Edgcumbe Eliot, Scholar of Balliol; Fellow of Trinity 
1SS4 Maucherji Pestoryi Khareghat, Balliol 

1885 Laksiiman Giianuadhan Bhaubhake, Balliol 

1886 Adbbat Pekcival Pennell, Scholar of Ch. Ch. 

1887 Nobman Somerville Bkodie, Scholar of Ch. Ch. 

1888 Aktuuk Mason Tippetts Jackson, Scholar of Brasenose. 



Mathematical Scholakships. 

Scholarships "for the promotion of Mathematical studies" were 
founded in the year 1831, a fund for their endowment having been 
raised by contributions from many of the Colleges and many individual 
Members of the University. 

At first there were three, each tenable for three years, with an annual 
stipend of ,£50. 

In 1844 a change was made, and a further change in 1864 ; and 
there were then four Scholarships, two Senior, and two Junior, with 
stipends of £30 a-year each. 

The regulations were revised in 1885, and are now as follows : — 

There are four Scholarships, two Senior and two Junior, and one 
Exhibition. The value of a Senior Scholarship is £30 for the first 
and £50 for the second year of its tenure. A Junior Scholarship is 
of the annual value of £,'60 for two years, and the Exhibition is of the 
annual value of <£20 for one year. 

One Scholar, and one only, in each of the two classes is elected every 
year in the first week of full Hilary Term. Candidates for the Senior 
Scholarship must have passed all Examinations required for the degree 
of B.A., and must not have exceeded the twenty-sixth Term 
inclusively from their matriculation 1 . Candidates for the Junior 
Scholarship and for the Exhibition must be Members of the Uni- 
versity who have not exceeded seven Terms from their matriculation 
inclusively. 

The standing of Candidates who have matriculated at Cambridge or 
Dublin before matriculating at Oxford is computed from the date of 
such first matriculation, Easter Term at Cambridge or Dublin being 
reckoned as equivalent to Easter and Trinity Terms at Oxford. 

Each Scholarship is tenable for two years, provided the Scholar has 

1 For Candidates matriculated in or before Michaelmas Term, 1885, the limit of 
standing is the twenty-seventh Term from matriculation. 



120 UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 

his name on the books of some College or Hall or of the Delegates of 
Non-Oollegiate Students, and. in the case of a Junior Scholar, that 
he continues to attend to Mathematical studies. The Senior Scholar 
dieted each year receives, for one year only, over and above his proper 
Btipend, the dividends of that moiety of Dr. Johnson's fund which was 
formerly assigned to his Mathematical Scholar, and is called the 
•. Johnson University Scholar." These dividends amount to about 
,£'20 a-year. The Exhibition is tenable under the same conditions as 
the Junior Scholarship, and is awarded to the Candidate for that 
Scholarship second in order of merit, if thought deserving by the 
Examiners. 

The Examiners, three in number, who must be at least Masters of 
Arts or Bachelors of Medicine or Civil Law, are appointed by the 
Trustees of the Foundation, namely, the Vice-Chancellor, the Proctors, 
and the Professors of Geometry, Astronomy, Natural Philosophy, and 
Experimental Philosophy. 

Scholars. 

1831 George Henry Sacheverell Johnson, Taberdar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's ; 

Savilian Professor of Astronomy ; Whyte's Professor of Moral Philosophy 

1832 Eaton Davies Denton, Queen's 

ls33 Henry Anthony Jeffreys, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1834 John Philip Hugo, AYadham ; Fellow of Exeter 

1835 Robert Richard Anstice, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1836 Nicholas Pocock, Michel Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's 

1837 William Fishburn Donkin, FeUow of University; Savilian Professor cf 

Astronomy 

1838 William Goodenough Penny, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1839 John Andrews Dale, Balliol 

1840 John Gordon, Brasenose 

1841 Edward Warner, Wadham 

1842 Bartholomew Price, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Pembroke ; Sedleian 

Professor of Natural Philosophy 

1843 Paul Augustine Kingdon, Fellow of Exeter. 



In Lent Term, 1844, the change above described took place, and 
four Scholarships, two Senior and two Junior, were established. 

Senior Scholars. 

1844 John Early Cook, Brasenose 

1845 Hupro Daniel Harper, Scholar, afterwards Fellow and Principal, of Jesus 

1846 William Spottiswoode, Balliol 

1847 Theodore Walrond, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1848 Humphrey F. Mildmay, Ch. Ch. 

1849 Francis John Ottley, Oriel 

1850 Francis Ashpitel, Brasenose 

1851 Henry John Stephen Smith, Fellow of Balliol ; Savilian Professor ot 

Geometry and Fellow of Corpus 

1852 Francis Harrison, Queen's ; Fellow of Oriel 

1853 Frederick Kneller H. Cock, Scholar of University 

1854 Joshua Jones, Lincoln 

1855 Samuel Courthope Bosanquet, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1856 Charles Joseph Faulkner, Scholar of Pembroke ; Fellow of University 

1857 George Charles BeU, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Worcester 



MATHEMATICAL SCHOLARSHIPS. 121 

1858 Horare Davey, Fellow, afterwards Hon. Fellow, of University 

1859 David Thomas, Scholar of Jesus ; Fellow of Trinity 

1860 William Epson, St. John's ; Fellow of Merton 

1861 David Pitcaim, Fellow of Magdalen 

1862 John Griffiths, Jesus ; Fellow of Jesus 

1863 John Da vies Davenport, Balliol ; Fellow of Brasenose 

1864 George Herbert Durham, Scholar of Queen's 

1865 Hector M c Neile, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. ; Fellow of St. John's 

1866 Edward Liddell Balmer, Magdalen Hall ; Fellow of Hertford 

1867 Henry Daman, Magdalen ; Fellow of Magdalen 

1868 Christopher H. E. Heath, Scholar of Pembroke 

1869 Arnold William Eeinold, Fellow of Merton ; Senior Student of Ch. Ch. 

1870 Wallis Hay Laverty, Fellow of Queen's 

1871 William .lames Lewis, Fellow of Oriel 

1872 George Edmundson, Fellow of Brasenose 

1873 John Wesley Russell, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Merton 

1874 Charles Leudesdorf, Fellow of Pembroke 

1875 Edwin Bailey Elliott, Fellow of Queen's 

1876 Lazarus Fletcher, Balliol ; Fellow of University 

1877 John Maximilian Dyer, Worcester 

1878 Thomas Bowman, Fellow of Merton 

1879 John Peed White, Worcester 

1880 James Christopher Bowman, Scholar of Corpus 

1881 Arthur Buchheim, Scholar of New College 

1882 Henry Tresawna Gerrans, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. ; Fellow of Worcester 

1883 Arthur Robert Sharpe, Scholar of New College 

1884 John Chevallier, Fellow of New College 
1^85 Leonard James Rogers, Balliol 

1886 Percy John Heawood, Exeter 

1887 Charles Edward Haselfoot, Scholar of New College 

1888 John Edward Campbell, Fellow of Hertford. 



Junior Scholars. 

1844 John Langford Capper, Postmaster of Merton ; Scholar of Wadham 

1845 Robinson Thornton, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of St. John's 

1846 Thomas Barker, Queen's 

1847 Henry Stuart Fagan, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Pembroke 

1848 Thomas Hewitt Campbell, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of St. John's 

1849 Edgar Hyde, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Corpus 

1850 Martin Howy Irving, Scholar of Balliol 

1851 John Bernard Behrends, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of St. John's 

1852 Montague Hughes Cookson, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of St. John's 

1853 Charles Joseph Faulkner, Pembroke ; Fellow of University 

1854 Seaborne 31. B. Moens, Postmaster of Merton 

1855 John Percival, Taberdar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's; President of Trinity 

1856 David Thomas, Jesus ; Fellow of Trinity' 

1857 William Esson, St. John's; Fellow of Merton 

1858 John Griffiths, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Jesus 

1859 Henry Alexander Giffard, Exhibitioner of Corpus ; Senior Student of Ch.Ch. 

1860 Francis Chancellor, Scholar of Brasenose 

1861 George Herbert Durham, Scholar of Queen's 

1862 John George Gamble, Demy of Magdalen 

1863 Henry Daman, Demy, afterwards Fellow, of Magdalen 

1864 Henry Hughes, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. 

1865 Arnold William Reinold, Scholar of Brasenose ; Fellow of Merton ; Senior 

Student of Ch. Ch. 

1866 Wallis Hay Laverty, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's 

1867 William C'hadwick, Merton; Fellow of Corpus 

l£G8 Thomas Alexander Ashburnham Chirol, Scholar of Exeter 



122 UNIV^KSITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 

1869 Arthur William Sucker, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of BracenDse 

l^Tn Edward Ferdinando Sutton Tylecote, Fereday Fellow of St. John's 

1S71 John Wesley Russell, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Morton 

1872 Roherl AJberl Jones, Scholar of Corpus 

1878 Joseph Solomon, Scholar of Balliol 

1874 John Reed White, Exhibitioner of Worcester 

1st.") Edward Harold Hayes, Balliol; Fellow of New College 

1876 Thomas Robert Terry, Scholar of Hertford ; Fellow of Magdalen 

1877 Llewellyn Wansbrough Jones, Postmaster of Merton 

1878 1 [enry Tresawna (i. rrans, Junior Student of Gh. Gh. ; Fellow of Worcester 

1879 Frederick William Watkin, Scholar of Corpus 

1880 Charles Henry Sampson, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Brasenose 

1881 Leonard James Rog< re, Scholar of Balliol 

1882 Percy John Heawood, Scholar of Exeter 
ls^. Ralph Horatio Uowdin, Scholar of Balliol 
1884 Benjamin Beck Skirrow. Scholar of University 

L885 John Edward Campbell, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Hertford. 
188t> Fred Harrison, Scholar of New College 

1887 Arthur Lee Dixon, Scholar of Worcester 

1888 John Savile Tucker, Scholar of Balliol. 



Exhibitioners. 

1886 Arthur Lee Dixon, Scholar of Worcester 

1887 John Savile Tucker. Scholar of Balliol 

1888 Albert Edward Thomas, Postmaster of Merton. 



Kennicott Scholarships. 

Two Scholarships for the promotion of the study of Hebrew were 
founded by the Will of Anne Kennicott, widow of the celebrated He- 
braist, Benjamin Kennicott, D.D., Canon of Christ Church. The 
Foundress died in 1830, and the property which she bequeathed for 
the endowment produced in 1831 the sum of ,£4800 in £3 per cent. 
Consolidated Annnities. Owing to a change of investment the fund 
now yields an income of about £200 a year. Regulations w T ere made 
by Convocation in 1831, according to which only one Scholar was to 
be elected in a year, and each Scholarship was tenable for four years 
under certain conditions of residence and exercises. 

A Statute which the University was specially empowered to make in 
18')3 reduced the Scholarships to one, tenable for one year only, 

The regulations Avere revised in 1885, and there are now two Scholar- 
ships, a Senior and a Junior. 

The Senior Scholarship is awarded in Michaelmas Term of every 
alternate year, and is tenable for two years, the emoluments consisting 
of a single payment of £120, made when the Scholarship is awarded. 
It is open to all members of the University who have passed the 
Examinations for the degree of B.A., and who on the first day of the 



KENNICOTT SCHOLARSHIPS. 123 

Term in which it is awarded have not exceeded twelve years from 
matriculation. It is awarded to the Candidate who on or before the 
first day of that Term "shall have sent in that which in the judgment 
of the Electors is the best dissertation on a subject connected with the 
Hebrew language or literature," selected by the Candidate himself, 
subject to the written approval of the Eegius Professor of Hebrew. 
The electors are not bound to award the Scholarship for a dissertation 
which in their judgment is not of sufficient merit, and they have 
power to examine a Candidate in the subjects of his dissertation, and 
in questions arising immediately out of it. No residence is required 
in the case of a Senior Scholar. 

The Junior Scholarship is of the annual value of ,£120, and is 
awarded every year in Michaelmas Term after an examination in the 
Hebrew language and literature. Opportunity is given to Candidates 
for showing their acquaintance with the cognate Semitic languages. 
Candidates must not on the first day of the Term in which the Scholar- 
ship is awarded have exceeded thirty Terms from matriculation. The 
Scholarship is tenable for one year, during which the Scholar is to reside 
for seven entire weeks in Michaelmas and Lent Terms severally, and 
seven weeks in the interval between the commencement of Easter Term 
and the twenty-first day of Act Term, but such residence may be 
dispensed with by the Board of Management of the Pusey and Ellerton 
Scholarships under certain conditions as to the pursuit of study or the 
undertaking of work elsewhere. 

The Electors to both Scholarships are the Eegius Professor of Hebrew 
and two other Members of the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, or 
Dublin, not under the degree of Master of Arts, nominated by the above- 
mentioned Board of Management, and approved by Convocation. 

Scholars. 

1831 Benjamin Harrison, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1832 James Robert Burgess, Oriel 

1835 Edward James Edwards, Balliol 

1836 Charles Seager, Scholar of Worcester 

1839 John Hay Collis, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Worcester 

1840 "William George Sinclair Addison. Magdalen Hall 

1843 Charles Frederick Secretan, Wadhani 

1844 Robert Gandell, Michel Scholar, then Fellow, of Queen's; Landian Professor 

of Arabic; Fellow of Hertford 

1847 Richard Samuel Oldham, Wadham 

1848 Richard Meux Benson, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1851 William Wright, St. John's 

1852 James Davenport Kelly, Scholar of Wadham 

1855 Charles Matheson, Fellow of St. John's 

1856 John William Nutt, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of All Souls 

1859 William Wynne Willson, Fellow of St. John's 

1860 James Mew, Wadham 

1863 Thomas Kelly Cheyne, Scholar of Worcester ; Fellow of Balliol ; 

Professor of Interpretation of Holy Scripture ; Fellow of Oriel 

1864 Arthur George Warner, Ch. Ch. 

1865 John Purves, Balliol ; afterwards Fellow of Balliol 

1866 Archibald Edward Gough, Scholar of Lincoln 

1867 Edward Conduitt Dermer, Fellow of St. John's 
186S [No Candida tel 



1 24 UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 

Oswald Henry Hogarth, Queen's 
I>7i » Samuel Rollea Driver, Fellow of Nen College; Repius" PrcfeBeor of 

Hebrew 
1871 George Shattock, Scholar of St. John's: Fellow of Hertford 
ls7_' ( Iharles Thomas Crnttwell, Fellow of Merton 
l>7:'. George Wolseley Collins, Keble 

1874 George Henry Gwilliam, Jesus ; Fellow of Hertford 

1875 David Johnston, St. Mary Hall 

1876 George Henry Bateson Wright, Queen's 
1>77 No Candidate] 

1878 I No election] 

lS.'J Edward John Perry, Scholar of Worcester 

l--" Walter Lionel Giles, Scholar of St. John's 

ls>l George James SpurreU, Scholar of Balliol 

1882 David Samuel Mtargoliouth, Fellow of New College 

L88 1 1 »ercy .Tames Bover, Scholar of Balliol. 

1 — 1 Thomas Randell, Exhibitioner of St. John's 

1885 Mark John Simmonds, Balliol 

1886 Herman Joseph Cohen. Scholar of Jesus ; Junior Scholar 

1887 David Samuel Margoliouth, Fellow of New College ; Senior 
Thomas Walker, sometime Exhibitioner of Wadham; Junior. 



PUSEY AND ELLEETON SCHOLAESHIPS. 

Three Scholarships for " the promotion of sound Theology through 
a solid and critical knowledge of Hebrew" were founded in the year 
1832 by Philip Pusey, Esq., of Pusey in Berkshire ; Edward Bouverie 
Pusey, D.D., Begius Professor of Hebrew ; and Edward Ellerton, D.D., 
Fellow of Magdalen College. 

Under regulations made in 1885 there are now four Scholarships 
with an annual stipend of ^40 each. 

One Scholar, and one only, is elected every year in Michaelmas Term. 
Candidates must be Members of the University under the degree of 
Master of Arts or Bachelor of Civil Law, or, if of either of those degrees, 
not above twenty-five years of age ! . 

Each Scholarship is tenable for two years, provided that in the 
first two years the Scholar reside seven weeks in each Michaelmas 
and Lent Term, and seven weeks in the Easter and Act Terms of one 
of the two years, and that during such residence he pursue his studies 
under direction of the Professor of Hebrew. In certain cases the 
Board of Management of the Foundation may dispense with part of 
this residence. 

The Electors are the Eegius Professors of Divinity and Hebrew and 

1 After 1888 those members of the University only will be eligible who have not 
.exceeded fourteen Terms from matriculation or the twenty-fifth year of their age. 



PUSEY AND ELLEBTON SCHOLARSHIPS. 125 

the Lord Almoner's and Laudian Professors of Arabic ; or, in default 
of these, the Board appoints Electors. 

The Board of Management consists of the Vice-Chancellor, tin; 
President of Magdalen College, the Dean of Christ Church, the War- 
den of Wadham College, the Kegius Professors of Divinity and Hebrew, 
and the Lord Almoner's and Laudian Professors of Arabic. 

Scholars. 

1832 Benjamin Harrison, Student of Ch. Ch. 
18o3 James Robert Burgess, Oriel 

1834 Charles Seager, Magdalen Hall ; Scholar of Worcester 

1835 Henry Burgess Whitaker Churton, Fellow of Biastijose 
1S3U William Holloway Webb, Magdalen Hall 

1S37 Salomon Caesar Malan, St. Edmund Hall 

1838 Frederick Menzies, Fellow of Brasenose 

1839 Thomas Hopkins Britton, Exeter 

1840 William George Sinclair Addison, Magdalen Hall 

1841 John Day Collis, Fellow of Worcester 

1842 William Kay, Fellow of Lincoln 

1843 Robert Payne Smith, Scholar of Pembroke ; Regius Professor of Divinity 

1844 Charles Frederick Secretan, Wadham 

1845 Robert Gandell, Michel Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's; Laudian 

Professor of Arabic ; Fellow of Hertford 

1846 Henry Master White, Fellow of New College 

1847 Robert Hake, St. Edmund Hall 

1848 Henry John Marlen, Wadham 

1849 William AVright, St. John's 

1850 Charles Montague Style, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of St. John's 

1851 Charles Matheson, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of St. John's 

1852 Thomas Henry Thornton, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of St. John's 

1853 David Mason Gardner, Scholar of Brasenose 

1854 Alexander Israel M c Caul, St. John's 

1855 William Wynne Willson, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of St. John's 

1856 Samuel M c Caul, St. John's 

1857 John William Nutt, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of All Souls 

1858 James Mew, Wadham 

1859 Henry George Watson, St. John's 

1860 Robert Joseph Crosthwaite, Scholar of Brasenose 

1861 Edward Caird, Balliol ; Fellow of Merton 

1862 John Purves, Balliol ; Fellow of Balliol 

1863 Archibald Edward Gough, Lincoln 

1864 Thomas Kelly Cheyne, Scholar of Worcester ; Fellow of Balliol ; Professor 

of Interpretation of Holy Scripture ; Fellow of Oriel 

1865 Arthur George Warner, Ch. Ch. 

1866 Samuel Rolles Driver, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College ; Regius 

Professor of Hebrew 

1867 Edward Conduitt Dermer, Fellow of St. John's 

1868 Henry Walter Reynolds, Wadham 

1869 Charles Thos. Cruttwell, Scholar of St. John's ; Fellow of Merton 

1870 Henry John Mathews, Exeter 

1871 George Shattock, Scholar of St. John's ; Fellow of Hertford 

1872 George WolReley Collins, Keble 

1873 (No election] 

1874 James Alexander Paterson, Scholar of Pembroke 

1875 [No electionl 

1876 f"No election] 

1877 George Henry Bateson Wright, Queen's 

1878 Edward John Perry, Scholar of Worcester 

1879 David Samuel Margoliouth, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College 

1880 George James Spurrell, Scholar of Balliol 

1881 Jonathan James Gratrex, Wadham 



12G UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 

1882 Percy James Boyer, Scholar ofBalliol 

1883 Herman .l"sri>li Cohen, Scholar of Jeans 

1884 Arnold Frederick Saunders, Scholar of Wadhain 

1885 Isidor ( loldstein, Non-< lollegiate Student, afterwards Exhibitioner of Exeter 

1886 Thomas Walksb, sometime Exhibitioner of Wadham 
Gboegb Albrbt Cooks, Scholar of Wadham 

]s>7 John KiiKi'KKH'K Stknmm,. Exhibitioner of Wadham 

CHABLXS FOX lUliNKV, St. John's. 



Johnson's Scholakships. 

Two Scholarships, "one for the greatest attainment in Theology, and 
the other in Mathematics," were founded by John Johnson, D.D., some- 
time Fellow of Magdalen College, who bequeathed to the University 
the sum of ,£1200 for their endowment, directing that the money 
should be invested in £3 per cent. Consolidated Annuities, and that 
the dividends thereof should be applied " in the purchase of books on 
Theology and Classical Literature," and no part given in money. 
The bequest was accepted by Convocation in February 1833. Each 
Scholarship was made tenable for two years. Candidates were required 
to have passed the Examinations for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and 
not to have completed the fifth year from their matriculation. But, 
by Statutes which the University was specially empowered to make in 
1863, one moiety of the endowment was united with Mrs. Denyer's 
fund to maintain the Theological Scholarships described in the next 
article, and the proceeds of the other moiety are given annually in 
money to the Senior Mathematical Scholar of the year, who is called 
the " Johnson University Scholar." 

The Examination took place in Easter Term. The Examiners, 
three in number, who were obliged to be at least Masters of Arts 
or Bachelors of Civil Law, were appointed by the Presidents of Mag- 
dalen and Trinity Colleges, the Dean of Christ Church, the Warden 
of New College, and the Provost of Queen's College. 

Theological Scholars. 

1835 Henry Wcollcombe, Student of Ch. Ch. 
1837 Frederick William Faber, Fellow of University 
1839 Arthur West Haddan, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Trinity 
1841 Robert Henrv Gray, Student of Ch. Ch. 
1843 Charles John Smith, Ch. Ch. 
1845 Alfred Pott, Demy of Magdalen 

1847 William Bright, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of University; Regius Pro- 
fessor of Ecclesiastical History 
1849 Charles Lewis Dart, Exeter 
1851 Henry Parry Liddon, Student of Ch. Ch. 
1853 Arthur George Watson, Balliol ; Fellow of All Souls 
1855 Charles Edward Oakley, Demy of Magdalen 
1857 Robert Henniker, Scholar of Trinity 



DENYER AND JOHNSON SCHOLARSHIPS. 127 

1859 Joseph Mason Austen, Brasenose 

]Sol John Richard Magrath, Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Queen's 
1863 Thomas Kelly Cheyne, Scholar of Worcester; Fellow of Balliol; Professor 
of Interpretation of Holy Scripture ; Fellow of Oriel. 



Mathematical Scholars. 

1835 Nicholas Pocock, Michel Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's 

1837 William Fishburn Donkin, Fellow of University ; Savilian Professor of 

Astronomy 

1839 John Andrews Dale, Balliol 

1841 Edward Warner, Wadham 

1843 Henry Master White, Fellow of New College 

1845 Hugo Daniel Harper, Scholar, afterwards Fellow and Principal, of Jesus 

1847 William Spottiswoode, Balliol 

1849 Thomas Henry Rodie Shand, Brasenose ; Fellow of Brasenose 

1851 Henry Mitchell Hull, Scholar of University 

1853 Joshua Jones, Lincoln 

1855 Samuel Courthope Bosanquet, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1857 Horace Davey, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, and Hon. Fellow, of University 

1859 David Thomas, Scholar of Jesus ; Fellow of Trinity 

1861 Charles James Coverly Price, Balliol ; Fellow of Exeter 

1863 John Davies Davenport, Balliol ; Fellow of Brasenose. 



Denyee, and Johnson Scholab ships. 

In the year 1863, by a Statute which the University was specially 
empowered to make, three Scholarships for the promotion of the study 
of Theology were established in lieu of Dr. Johnson's Theological 
Scholarship described in the last article and of Mrs. Denyer's Prizes 
for two Theological Essays described at page L51, and the joint revenue 
of those two foundations, amounting now to about ,£'120, was appointed 
for their endowment. By a Statute passed in 1878, amending the be- 
fore-mentioned Statute, the Scholarships were reduced to two, of the 
yearly value of ,£50 each. The Scholars are elected in the following 
way. 

Any Bachelor of Arts, who has not exceeded twenty-seven Terms from 
his matriculation, may present himself for this Examination, which 
is holden every year in Hilary Term. The standing of Candidates 
who have matriculated at Cambridge or Dublin before matriculating 
at Oxford is computed from the date of matriculation at Cambridge or 
Dublin as the case may be, Easter Term in either of those Universities 
being reckoned as equivalent to Easter and Trinity Terms at Oxford. 
The Examiners, three in number, are nominated by the Electors of 
the Examiners in the Honour School of Theology, and must be Mem- 
bers of Convocation in Priest's Orders. 

The subjects of the Examination are fixed each year by the Board 
of the Faculty of Theology. 

The Scholarships are tenable for one year only. 



128 UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIP. 



Scholars. 

1865 Albert Sidney ( 'liavasse. Fellow of University 

Henry Thornnill Morgan, Trinity 

< tawald Joseph Reichel, Queen's 
ISM ( 'luirk's Henry Waller, University 

William Baker, Fellow of St John's 1 P , 

Wilson Eustace Daniel, Worcester fJSQWU. 
1867 William Henry Simcox, Fellow of Queen's 

Archibald Edward (Sough, Lincoln 

George Bfarsham Argles, Balliol 
1S6K Hannan Chaloner Ogle, Fellow of Magdalen 

Henry C. Barnes Bazely, Brasenose 

Miles Atkinson, Queen's 
18G9 .lames Avery. Exeter 

Edward William Moore, Wadham 

1870 George Francis Lovell, BaUiol 
George Knapp Turner. New College 
John Elton Halliwell, Magdalen Hall 

1871 Charles Leslie Dundas, Brasenose ; Fellow of Jesus 
Walter Edmund Matthew, Scholar of St. John's 
Evelyn Gisbome Hodgson, Exeter 

1872 George Shattock, Scholar of St. John's : Fellow of Hertford 
Philip Fletcher, Exeter 

Robert Heywood Rodgers, Brasenose 

1873 James Edward Walker, Corpus 
Robert Daniel Horace Gray, Brasenose 
William Ramsay Sparks, Exeter 

1874 Gamaliel Milner, Ch. Ch. 

Francis Keyes Yates Aglionby, Queen's 

George Henry Gwilliam, Jesus ; Fellow of Hertford 

1875 John Shand More Gordon, Balliol 
William Richardson Linton, Corpus 

Francis Henry Woods, Jesus : Fellow of St. John's 

1876 Augustus Jameson Miller, Exeter 
Isaac Rangeley, Keble 

Geonre Henrv Bateson Wrisrht. Queen's 

1877 Marsham Frederic Argles, Fellow of St John's \ y ? 
James Foord, Brasenose J -zquaf. 
James Edward Denison, Ch. Ch. 

1878 Horace Evelvn Clayton, Brasenose 

1879 John Hagley Rutter, Exeter 

AValter Lionel Giles, Scholar of St. John's 

1880 Berkeley AVilliam Randolph, Exhibitioner of Balliol 

1881 Frank Joseph Powell, Non-Collegiate Student 
Herbert Burrows Southwell, Pembroke 

1882 Frank Edward Brightman, University 
John Charles Roper, Keble 

1883 Thomas Randell, Exhibitioner of St. John's 

1884 Joseph Hewetson, Worcester 
Henry Julian White, Ch. Ch. 

1885 William Somerville Milne, Non-Collegiate Student 
William Bartlett, Corpus 

1886 Cuthbert Hamilton Turner, New College 

1887 Llewellyn John Montfort Bebb, Fellow of Brasenose 
Edmund Tyrell Green, Scholar of St. John's 

1888 Charles James Casher, St. John's 
Henry Bayly Llxdsell, Trinity. 



HERTFORD SCHOLARSHIP. 120 



Hertfokd Scholarship. 

On the dissolution of Hertford College, consequent upon the death 
of its last Principal in 1805, part of its property fell to the Crown ; 
and in 1818 Letters Patent passed the Great Seal, granting some of 
this to the use of Magdalen Hall, hut giving one portion, now re- 
presented hy a sum of ,£1251 14s. Id. invested on mortgage, to the 
University upon trust to pay the dividends, after the death of the 
Eev. Richard Hewitt, M.A., the only remaining Fellow of the College, 
to an Undergraduate chosen " hy free competition and public examin- 
ation " according to such Statutes as should be made by Convocation. 
Accordingly a Scholarship for the promotion of the study of Latin was 
established by Statute in 1834. 

The Scholarship is tenable for one year only. The election takes 
place in Michaelmas Term. Candidates must not have completed two 
years from their matriculation. 

The Examiners, three in number, who must be at least Masters of 
Arts or Bachelors of Civil Law, are nominated by the Vice-Chancellor 
and Proctors, subject to the approval of Convocation. 

Scholars. 

1835 John Ernest Bode, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1836 William Linwood, Ch. Ch. ; Student 

1837 Benjamin Jowett, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol; Regius Professor 

of Greek ; Master of Balliol 

1838 Frederick H. M. Blaydes, Ch. Ch. ; Student 

1839 Ralph R. W. Lingen, Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of Balliol, Hon. Fellow 

of Trinity ; afterwards Lord Lingen 

1840 Harris Smith, Scholar of Oriel ; Fellow of Magdalen 

1841 George Butler, Exeter ; Fellow of Exeter 

1842 Goldwin Smith, Ch. Ch. ; Fellow of University ; Regius Professor of 

Modern History 

1843 Edwin Palmer, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol ; Professor of Latin ; 

Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1844 John Conington, Demy of Magdalen ; Fellow of University ; Professor of 

Latin 

1845 Henry Barnes Byrne, Scholar of Oriel ; Michel Fellow of Queen's 

1846 Isaac Gregory Smith, Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of Brasenose 

1847 Maurice Lay, Scholar of Exeter ; Scholar of University 

1848 John Young Sargent, Postmaster of Merton ; Fellow of Magdalen ; Fellow 

of Hertford 

1849 Thomas Francis Fremantle, Scholar of Balliol 

1850 Thomas Clayton, Scholar of Trinity 

1851 Robert George Wyndham Herbert, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of All Souls 

1852 James Beaumont Winstanley, University 

1853 William Lambert Newman, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1854 Frederick Butler M. Montgomerie, Balliol 

1855 Charles Synge Christopher Bowen, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1856 Reginald Broughton, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow ofHertford 

1857 James Lee-Warner, Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of University 

1858 Francis Thomas Fgerton Prothero, Balliol 

1859 Henry Nettleship, Scholar of Corpus; Fellow of Lincoln ; Corpus l'i I 

of Latin : Fellow of Corpus 

1860 Charles Bigg, Scholar of < iorrms ; Senior Student of Ch. Ch. 

1861 Courtenay Peregrine Ilbert, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 



130 UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 

L962 Thomas Leslie PapOlon, Scholar of Balliol; Fellow of Merton ; Fellow of 
New ( Soilage 

1863 Edward Russell Bernard, Scholar of Exeter; Fellow of Magdalen 

1864 Francis I><- Paravicini, Scholar of Balliol; Senior student of Ch. Ch. ; 

Fellow of Balliol 
is*r> John (iriit, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Trinity 
isr/i Pichard Lewis Nettleship, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 
1m',7 Walter Lock, Scholar of Corpus; Fellow of Magdalen 

1868 John Arthur Godley, Exhibitioner of Balliol ; F"l low of Hertford 

1869 Alfred Goodwin, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

L870 Bfartin Holdich Green, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of Trinity 
1>7 1 [Francis Paget, Junior, afterwards Senior, Student of Ch. Ch. ; Regius Pro- 
fessor of Pastoral Theology 

1872 James Sonierville Lockhart, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of Hertford 

1873 Thomas Herbert Warren, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow, afterwards President, of 

Magdalen 

1874 Alfred Milner, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of New College 

1875 Sidney Graves Hamilton, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Hertford 

187(5 Robert Lawrence Ottlev, Scholar of Pembroke ; Senior Student of Ch. Ch. 

1-77 Edward Thomas Griffiths, Exhibitioner of Balliol 

1S7S 1 tavid Samuel Margoliouth, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College 

1879 Charles Ashworth James, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Hertford 

1880 John William Mackail, Exhibitioner, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 
18*1 ( harles Norton Edgcumbe Eliot, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Trinity 

1882 William Ross Hardie, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Balliol 

1883 Alfred Hamilton Cruickshank, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College 

1884 George Russell Northcote, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College 

1885 George Gilbert Aime Murray, Scholar of St. John's 
1885 1 Arthur Blackburne Povnton, Scholar of Balliol 

1886 Henry Stuart Jones, Scholar of Balliol 

1887 Richard Johnson Walker, Scholar of Balliol. 



Tatloe Scholarships. 

In furtherance of the object of Sir Kobert Taylor, as stated in the 
Article on the " Taylor Institution," four Scholarships for proficiency 
in Modern Languages were established in the year 1857. They were 
tenable for two years. Two Scholars were elected every year, one for 
proficiency in German and in some other language taught in the Insti- 
tution, the other for proficiency in French and in some other language 
taught there. Each received ,£25 a-year from the Taylor Fund. 
Candidates were not to have exceeded the age of twenty-four years at 
the time of the election. Under a new Statute made in 1869, one 
Scholarship worth ,£50 and one Exhibition worth £25, each tenable 
for one year, are awarded annually for proficiency in one or more of 
the languages taught in the Institution (a year's notice thereof having- 
been given), in Comparative Philology as applied to the same, and in 
the literature of the selected language or languages. 

1 Owing to a change in the time of holding the examination, two elections were 
made in 1885, one in Hilary Term and the other in Michaelmas Term. 



TAYLOR SCHOLARSHIPS. 13] 

Candidates must not have exceeded the twenty-third Term from 
their matriculation. 

Scholars. 

1858 Ainslie Grant-Duff (afterwards A. Douglas Ainslie), Balliol, German with 

French 
Algernon Charles Swinburne, Balliol, French with Italian 

1859 Samuel Benoni Gobat, Trinity, German with French 

Henry Alexander Giffard, Corpus; Senior Student of Ch." Ch., French 
with German. 

1860 Thomas Richard Grundy, Brasenose, German with French 
Henry John Gepp, Fellow of New College, French with German 

1861 Constantine M. Smith, Balliol, German with French 
Amerieo Palfrey Marras, Lincoln, French with Italian 

1862 Oswald J. Reichel, Scholar of Queen's, German with French 
Charles H. E. Carmichael, Trinity, French with Italian 

1863 Paul Ferdinand Willert, Balliol, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of Exeter, 

German with French. 
George Orange BaUeine, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's, French with 
German 

1864 Frederic Clarke, Exeter, German icith French 

Eugene Jacob Lee Hamilton, Oriel, French icith German 

1865 Oliver Smith, St. John's, German with French 

Henry William Gegg Markheim, Scholar of University ; Fellow of Queen's, 
French with German 

1866 Duncan H. H. Wilson, Pembroke, German with French 
Frederick Clarke, Exeter, French with Italian 

1867 Robert Lowes Clarke, Scholar of Balliol: Fellow of Queen's, German 

with French 
Alfred Messervy, Scholar of Exeter, French with German 

1868 Henry Studdy Theobald, Balliol, Fellow of Wadham, German with 

French 
Pierce de Lacy Henry Johnstone, Balliol, French with German 

1869 Francis Robert Graham, Lincoln, German with French 
Richard A. Ploetz, Magdalen, French with German. 



Scholars and Exhibitioners. 

1870 German. Henry Sweet, Scholar of Balliol, Scholar 

Henry Robert Graham, Exeter, Exhibitioner 

1871 French. William Augustus Brevoort Coolidge, Exeter; Fellow of 

Magdalen ; Scholar 
William Collett Sandars, Non-Collegiate Student, "Exhibitioner 

1872 Italian. John Frederick Rowbotham, Exhibitioner of Balliol, Scholar 

James William Middleton, Queen's, Exhibitioner 

1873 German. Edward Adolf Sonnenschein, Scholar of University, Scholar 

Leonard Abraham Montefiore, Balliol, Exhibitioner 

1874 French. Louis Martin Moriarty, Demy of Magdalen, Scholar 

George Cave, St. John's, Exhibitioner 

1875 Italian. Louis Dyer, Balliol, Scholar 

John David Whyte, Scholar of Oriel, Exhibitioner 

1876 German. Arthur Anthony Macdonell, Exhibitioner of Corpus; Tayloria.-i 

Teacher of German ; Scholar 
Hartmann Wolfgang Just, Scholar of Corpus, Exhibitioner 

1877 French. Isidore Henry Bowles Spiers, University, Scholar 

John Rougier Cohu, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Jesus, Ex- 
hibitioner 

1878 Italian. William Paton Ker, Exhibitioner of Balliol ; Fellow of All Souls y 

Bchclar 
Thomas Huntinpton Childs, Balliol, Exhibitioner 

1879 Spanish. Basil Thomas Alfred PJvetts, Trinity, Scholar 

Cuthbert Evan Tyrer, Non-Collegiate Student, Exhibitioner 

12 



132 



TXIYEBSITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 



1880 G er man, Bernard Alexander Schleicher. Scholar of University, Scholar 

Theodor Friedrich Alliums, Scholar of Lincoln, Exhibitioner 

1881 "French. Perrnccio Virrinio Ernesto Brughera, Non-Collegiate Student; 

afterwards <>t' Balliol : Scholar 
Victor Julian Taylor Spiers, Exhibitioner of University, 

ltil>it!"iii r 
1S62 Italian. Henry Edward Huntington, Keble, Scholar 

Clovis Maurice Camille Bevenot, Balliol, Exhibitioner > f ,,„,.] 
James Crawford Ledlie, Scholar of Lincoln, Exhibitioner \ ' q ' ' 

1883 German. James Crawford Ledlie, Scholar of Lincoln, Scholar 

David Henry Nagel, Scholar of Trinity, Exhibitioner 

1884 Spanish. Walter Graham de Lancy, Nun-Collegiate Student, Scholar 

1885 trench. John Burnet, Scholar of Balliol, Scholar 

Francis Aston Binus, Balliol, Exhibitioner 
L886 Italian. Francis Aston Binns, Balliol, Scholar 

Frederick Lionel Armitage, Trinity, Exhibitioner 
1887 German. Fekiunanh Canmm. S( on Schiller, Balliol, Scholar 

Robert John Mobgas Chaplin, New College, Exhibitioner, 



BURDETT-COUTTS SCHOLARSHIPS. 

In the year 1860, Miss Angela Burdett-Coutts, afterwards Baroness 
Burdett-Coutts, daughter and heiress of the late Sir Francis Burdett, 
Baronet, having presented to the University " the Pengelly Collection " 
of Devonshire Fossils, proceeded to found two Scholarships for the pro- 
motion of " the study of Geology and of Natural Science as bearing 
on Geology," and gave ,£5000 in £3 per cent. Consolidated Annuities 
for their endowment. Owing to a change of investment the annual 
income of the fund now exceeds ^'230. 

Each Scholarship is tenable for two years. One Scholar, and one 
only, is elected every year in Hilary Term. Candidates must have 
passed all necessary Examinations for the degree of B.A., and not have 
exceeded the twenty-seventh Term from their matriculation. 

The Examiners are the Professor of Geology and two other Members 
of the University, of whom one must be a Professor ; the two latter being 
nominated, subject to the approval of Convocation, by the Trustees of 
the Foundation, who are the Vice-Chancellor, the President of Magdalen 
College, and the Begins Professor of Medicine. 



1R01 
1862 
1863 
1864 
1865 
1866 
1867 
1868 
L869 
1870 
1871 
1872 



Scholars. 

William Boyd Dawkins, Scholar, afterwards Hon. Fellow, of Jesus 

[No candidate] 

Joseph Frank Payne, Demy, afterwards Fellow, of Magdalen 

Edward Langdon, New College 

[No election] 

William Henry Corfield, Fellow of Pembroke 

Thomas Heathcote Gerald Wyndham, Oriel; Fellow of Merton 

George Herbert West, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. 

Edwin Pay Lankester, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. ; Fellow of Exeter 

Edmund Jerniyn, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. 

Charles Samuel Taylor, Merton 

[So candidate] 



ABBOTT SCHOLARSHIPS. 133 

1873 Edward ( 'leminshaw, Postmaster of Morton 

1874 Eobert Harold Ainsworth Bchofield, Scholar of Lincoln 

1875 William Bruce Clarke, Pembroke 

1876 Arthur Henry Shakspere Lucas, Balliol 
1S77 .Tus< -pi i Anniiau'c, New College 

1878 Edward Baun i, mI] Poulton, Scholar of Jesus 

1879 Algernon Philips Thomas, Scholar of Balliol 

1880 Henry Nicholas Ridley, Exeter 

1881 Joseph Baldwin Nias, Exeter 

1882 George Alfred Buckmaster, Magdalen 

1883 Frederick William Andrewes, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. ; Fellow of 

Pembroke. 

1884 Halford John Mackinder, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. 

1885 James Harvey Hichens, Queen's 

1886 Edward Theodore Withington, Balliol 

1887 [No election.] 

1888 Matthew Hunter, Queen's. 



Abbott Scholarships. 

Founded in 1871 from a bequest by John Abbott, Esq., of ,£6000 
invested in £3 per cent. Consols. 

The Trustees are the Vice- Chancellor, the Regius Professors of 
Divinity and of Greek, the Corpus Professor of Latin, the Savilian 
Professor of Geometry, the Sedleian Professor of Natural Philosophy. 
These appoint two or more members of Convocation to investigate the 
claims of candidates, and three or more Examiners for each election, 
which is held annually in Easter Term. 

There are three Scholarships, tenable for three years, open to sons of 
clergymen of the Church of England who need assistance to enable 
them to have a University education. If matriculated, they must not 
have exceeded three Terms of residence, nor hold a Scholarship or 
Exhibition worth more than £50 a-year. Ceteris paribus natives of the 
West Riding of Yorkshire have the preference. 

Scholars. 

1872 Eobert Edward Newport, Exeter 

1873 Charles Page Eden, Oriel 

1874 Hugh Salvin Holme, Scholar of Brasenose 

1875 Augustine Brutton, Queen's 

1876 George Borlase Childs, Magdalen 

1877 [No election] 

1878 Frank Markland May, St. Edmund Hall 
Lansdown Murray Guilding, Worcester 

1879 Hugh Hare, Scholar of Hertford 

1880 [No election] 

1881 Edward Francis Johns, Exhibitioner of Exeter 
George Harold Lewis, Corpus 

1882 Henry Charles Bernard Clayforth, Exhibitioner of Worcester 
18S3 John Edgar Jelly, Exhibitioner of Wadham 

1884 Joseph Pleury BrindJc, Scholar of Jesus 

1885 William Snow; afterwards Scholar of Worcester 

1886 Gerald PiciiAiii'SN-. St. John's 

1887 KALrn Hamon Bbllaibs, Balliol 

1888 Frederic Sai rby Abchibald Lowndxs, Trinity. 



] •! UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS. 

Derby Scholarship. 

In 1872 Convocation agreed to found a Scholarship out of the 
dividends upon about £-i'di)0 invested in Government Securities in 
the name of the University, being the sum contributed in Lancashire 
in honour of the late Edward, Earl of Derby, K.G., Chancellor of the 
University. The Scholarship is now of the annual value of about ,£157. 

The Trustees are the Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire, the Earl of 
Derby, the Chancellor, the Vice- Chancellor, the two Burgesses of tin- 
University, and the Dean of Christ ( Ihnrch, for the time being, together 
with the Right Hon. John, Lord Winmarleigh, so long as he shall be 
pleased to continue in the trust. These, after defraying necessary ex- 
penses from the dividends, pay the remainder to a member of the 
University, chosen by themselves, who has completed his twentieth 
and not exceeded his twenty -fourth Term from matriculation on the day 
fixed for receiving the names of Candidates. 

Candidates must have obtained the following Academical distinc- 
tions : — 1. A First Class in Litt. Gr. et Lat. at the First Public Exam- 
ination. 2. A First Class in Litt. Hum. at the Second Public 
Examination ; or A Second Class in Litt. Hum. at the Second Public 
Examination, together with two of the three Chancellor's Prizes, of 
which one must be that for Latin Verse. 3. Two out of the three 
Classical University Scholarships, viz. the Hertford, Ireland, and Craven 
Scholarships. 

Scholars. 

1873 Alfred Goodwin, Fellow of Balliol 

1874 [No candidate] 

1875 Henry Broadbent, Fellow of Exeter 

1876 James Somerville Lockhart, Fellow of Hertford 

1877 [No candidate] 

1878 Alfred Milner, Fellow of New College 

1879 Robert Lawrence Ottlev, Senior Student of Ch. Cli. 

1880 Walter Scott, FeUow of Merton 

1881 [No candidate] 

1882 David Samuel Margoliouth, Fellow of New College 

1883 Charles Ashworth James, Fellow of Hertford 

1884 John William Mackail, Fellow of Balliol 

1885 William Boss Hardie, Fellow of Balliol 

1886 Charles Norton Edgcumbe Eliot, Fellow of Trinity 

1887 George Russell Northcote, Fellow of New College 

1888 [No candidate]. 



Davis Chinese Scholarship. 

Sir John Francis Davis, Bart,, K.C.B., F.E.S., D.C.L. (sometime 
H. M. Plenipotentiary in China), having in the year 1876 transferred 
the sum of ,£1666 13s. 4/7. Consols to the University, for the purpose 
of endowing a Scholarship for the encouragement of the study of 
Chinese in such manner and subject to such regulations as the TJni- 



COMMON UNIVERSITY FUND SCHOLARSHIPS, ETC. 135 

versity should from time to time determine, the University, by a Statute 
passed in January 1877, enacted that there should be a Scholarship, 
called the Davis Scholarship, for proficiency in the Chinese language 
and literature, with an annual stipend of ,£50, payable terminally, 
open to all members of the University who on the clay of election 
should not have exceeded the twenty-eighth Term from their matricu- 
lation. 

The Scholar is elected by the Yice-C'hancellor, the President of 
Corpus Christi College (or, if the President be Vice-Chancellor, the 
Senior Pro-Vice-Chancellor), and the Professor of Chinese, after an 
examination held by such persons as they may appoint for that purpose, 
the Professor himself being always one of the Examiners. 

The Scholarship is tenable for two calendar years from the day of 
election, provided the Scholar keep a statutable residence of not less 
than seven weeks in each Term, Easter and Trinity Terms being 
reckoned as one, and pursue his studies in Chinese under the advice 
and supervision of the Professor. 

If at the time of holding an election the Electors do not think any 
of the candidates worthy of the Scholarship, they have power to post- 
pone the election for any period not exceeding two years, and, in such 
an event, to grant the annual stipend of ,£'50, or any less sum, under 
the name of an Exhibition, to any person who shall be certified to 
them as desirous of pursuing the study of Chinese. The Exhibition is 
tenable during the period for which the election to the Scholarship 
shall have been postponed, and under the same conditions of residence 
and study as are applicable to the Scholarship. 

Sch olars. 

1877 Arthur Anthony Maedonell, Exhibitioner of Corpus 

1879 "William Henry "Wilkinson, Exhibitioner of Balliol 

1881 William Coward Bradley, Scholar of Queen's 

1883 Colin Campbell Brown, Non-Collegiate Student, Exhibitioner 

1884 Colin Campbell Brown, Non- Collegiate Student 

1885 Bichard Henry Geoghegan, Non-Collegiate Student, Exhibitioner 

1886 Biehard Henry Geoghegan, Scholar 
1888 Henry Kickson Bos3, Ch. Ch., Scholar. 



Common University Fund Scholaeships, etc. 

The Delegates of the Common University Fund are empowered to 
apply the Fund (inter alia) to the founding and endowing Scholarships, 
Exhibitions, and Prizes for encouragement of proficiency in any art or 
science or other branch of learning. The following election has been 
made to a Scholarship established under this power : — 

18S5 Chinese Scholarship. James Henry Sedgwick, Non-Collegiate Student, 
afterwards of Beinbroke. 



136 



UNIVERSITY PRIZES. 



The Subjects for all Prize Compositions are given out by the Vice- 
( haneellor, generally about Midsummer in each year ; and at the same 
time the several days arc stated by which the respective Compositions 
are to be sent in to the Registrar. Each writer is required to send in 
his Composition under a scaled cover, and to conceal his name, distin- 
guishing his Composition by what motto he pleases, and sending at the 
same time his name under another sealed cover with the same motto 
written on the outside. 

Such portions of the successful Compositions for the Chancellor's, the 
Newdigate, the Stanhope, and the two Gaisford Prizes, as the Public 
Orator and the Professor of Poetry appoint, are read each year in the 
Theatre at the Commemoration of Founders and Benefactors. 

xVll unsuccessful Compositions are left with the Registrar, and may 
be received from him at his office within the space of one year. 



The Chancellor's Prizes. 

LATIN VERSE. ENGLISH ESSAY. LATIN ESSAY. 

The Earl of Lichfield, who was Chancellor of the University during 
1762-1772, began the practice, since followed by his successors, of 
giving two annual Prizes of ,£20 each for Composition in Latin Verse 
and in English Prose ; and Lord Grenville, after his election to the 
same office in 1809, added a third Prize of the same value for Com- 
position in Latin Prose, which has likewise been continued by the 
munificence of succeeding Chancellors. 

The Prize for Latin Verse is confined to ftiose members of the 
University who have not exceeded four years from their matriculation ; 
the other two Prizes to those who have exceeded four years but have 
not completed seven. 

The Judges by whom all these Prizes were awarded were originally 
the Vice-Chancellor, the two Proctors, the Public Orator, and the 
Professor of Poetry. The Judges of Latin Verse and Latin Essays are 
now the Public Orator, the Professor of Latin, and three members of 
Convocation appointed by the Vice-Chancellor and the Proctors. The 
Judges of English Essays are the Public Orator, the Professor of 
Poetry, and three Members of Convocation appointed by the Vice- 
Chancellor and the Proctors. 



THE CHANCELLOR'S : LATIN VERSE. 137 

Prize-Men, 

Latin Verse. 

1769 Ars Pingendi. Robert Holmes, Fellow of New College ; Professor of Poetry 

17 1 An Meaendi William Jackson, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1773 Bet Nauticce Incrementa. Thomas Henry Lowth v Fellow of New College 

1774 " ImpeUtique rates ubi duxit aratra colonus." Navigable Canals. Charles 

Alcock, Fellow of New College 
177") AJfredus Magnus. John Warton, Scholar of Trinity 

1776 u ]5t nunc omnia ager, nunc omnis parturii arbos; 

Nv/ne frondent sylvce, nunc formosissimus annus." The Spring. James 
Gumming, Fellow of New College 

1777 Petrus Magnus. Charles Abbot, Student of Ch. Ch. ; the first Lord Col- 

chester 

1778 An Botanica. Charles Sawkins, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1779 VisElectrica. William Wyndham Grenville, Student of Ch. Ch. ; afterwards 

Lord Grenville ; Chancellor 

1780 In Mortem Jacobi Cook, Navigatoris Celeberrimi. Richard, Viscount Wellealey, 

Student of Ch. Ch. ; afterwards Marquess Wellesley 

1781 Strages Indica Occidentals. Charles Henry Hall, Student of Ch.Ch.; Regius 

Professor of Divinity ; Dean of Ch. Ch. 

1782 Columbus. John James, Queen's 

1783 Calpe Obsessa. "William Lisle Bowles, Scholar of Trinity 

17^4 Globus Aerostations. Charles Abbott, Scholar of Corpus; the first Lord 
Tenterden 

1785 Boma ab Alarico, Gothorum Bege, spoliata. William Benwell, Scholar of 

Trinity 

1786 Pictura in Vitro. Thomas Le Breton, Pembroke 

1787 Bex, a violenta Begicidce manu ereptus, cum Begin a Oxoniam invisens. George 

Richards, Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of Oriel 

1788 Ars Che mice. Peter Vaughan, Merton ; afterwards Warden 

1789 IU r adMeccamBeligionis causa susceptum. George Canning, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1790 Howardus Humanitatis causa peregrinans. Thomas Penrose, Fellow of New 

College 

1791 Hortus Anglicus. Edward Cooper, Queen's 

17!>2 Maria Scotorum Begina. John Richardson, Scholar of University 

17U3 Marius in Tugurio Ruinaru/m Carthaginiemum. Edward Copleston, Scholar 

of Corpus ; Provost of Oriel 
17'.4 Ludi Scenici. Christopher Puller, Ch. Ch. 

1795 ( lassis Britannica. George Baker, Scholar of Corpus 

1796 Coloni in Africa Oram Occidentalem missi. Henry Atkins, Fellow of New 

College 

1797 Bhenus. Hon. William Herbert, Ch. Ch. ; Fellow of Merton 

1798 Vis Magm tica. John Egerton Rathbone, Fellow of New College 

1799 Nilm*. Daniel James Webb, Corpus 

Beligio Bramce. John Josias Conybeare, Student of Ch. Ch. ; Professor of 
Anglo-Saxon, and of Poetry 
1801 Carmen Seculare. Reginald Heber, Brasenose; Fellow of All Soids 
L802 Fodinaz. Christopher Lipscomb, Fellow of New College 

■ Byzantium. Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth, Fellow, afterwards Warden, of 
New College 

1804 Melite. Charles Williams, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of New College 

1805 Natale Solum. Edward Vernon, Ch. Ch. 

HHi Trafalgar. John Latham, Brasenose ; Fellow of All Souls 

L807 Plata Fluvius. William John Law, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1808 Delphi. William Cleaver, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1809 ( 'orinthus. Peter Mere Latham, Brasenose 

1810 Pyramides Mgyptiacai. John Taylor Coleridge, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow 

of Exeter 

1811 Herculaneum. John Hughes, Oriel 

1S12 < 'oloni ab Anglia ml America (hum missi. Henry Latham, Bi 
1^13 Alexander Tumulum AchUlis invisens. Henry Hart Milnian, Brasenose; 
Fellow ; Professor of Poetry 



138 PRIZES. 

181 I Qermaniau Cauar Vairo LegionQnuque supremo solvit. William Andrew 
Hammond, < 'h. ( 'h. 

im I'acatores Oxonian invisentes. Alexander Macdonnell, Student ot 

Cli.Ch. 

1816 Druidos. Walter Henry Burton, Exeter; Fellow 

1817 B cmutn P< rst'eum a f ^/ro/urufatufn. James Stergold Boone, Oh. Ch.; Student 

1818 TUus Hierosolymam expugnans, Thomas Holden Ormerod, Fellow of New 

( lollege 
lSl'J Siiriii-H.or. Hon. Edward Geoffrey Smith Stanley, Ch. Ch. ; afterwards 14 th 

Bar! of I terby : Chancellor 
1S20 A~< ?''"-(/ S//.-7- ///K. William Kalidi Churton, Michel Exhibitioner of Queen's; 

Fellow of Oriel 

1821 Eleusis. Hon. George William Frederick Howard, Ch. Ch. ; afterwards 7th 

Karl of Carlisle 

1822 Alpes m Annibale supt ratos. Hon. Francis Curzon, Brasenose 

1823 An Geologica. Isaac Williams, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Trinity 
lvJ4 Babylon, Robert William Mackay, Brasenose 

1825 Tncendium Londinense anno 1666. Edward Powlett Blunt, Scholar of 

Corpus 
182G Monies PyrenaH. Francis Enyvett Leighton, Demy of Magdalen; Fellow, 

and afterwards Warden, of All Souls 

1827 Mexicum. Charles Wordsworth, Ch. Ch. ; Student 

1828 Machinal 17 Vap&ris impulses. Thomas Legh Claughton, Scholar, afterwards 

Fellow, of Trinity ; Professor of Poetry 

1829 M. T. Cicero cum familiaribus mis apud Tusculum. John Eardly Wilmot, 

Scholar of Balliol 

1830 Tyrus. William Palmer, Demy, afterwards Fellow, of Magdalen 

1831 Numantia. Bonndell Palmer, Scholar of Trinity; Fellow of Magdalen ; 

afterwards Earl of Selborne 

1832 AttiJ, i. John Thomas, Scholar of Trinity 

1833 Carthago. William Norton Smyth, Brasenose 

1834 Cicero ab exilio redux Bomam ingreditur. Arthur Kensington, Scholar, after- 

wards Fellow, of Trinity 

1835 Julianus Imperator Templum Hierosdymitanum instaurare aggreditur. James 

Cowles Prichard, Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of Oriel 

1836 Alexander ad Indum. William Dickinson, Scholar of Trinity 

1837 Marcus Croesus a Parthis devictus. John James Randolph, Student of Ch. 

Ch. ; Fellow of Merton 

1838 Hannibal, patrioe defensionem suscepturus, ab Italia excitus. Charles Francis 

Trower, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Exeter 

1839 Marcus Atttius Begulus fidem hostibus solvit. William George Henderson, 

Deruy, afterwards Fellow, of Magdalen 

1840 Pettis Loud iiium devastans. Edward Arthur Tickell, Scholar of Balliol 

1841 Vice per Angliam ferro stratoz. Frederick Fanshawe, Scholar of Balliol ; 

Fellow of Exeter 

1842 Noachi Diluvium. [Not awarded] 

1843 Venetice. Edward Walford, Scholar of Balliol 

1844 TriumphiPcmpa apudBomanos. Edwin Palmer, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of 

Balliol ; Corpus Professor of Latin ; Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1845 Numa Pompilius. Goldwin Smith, Demy of Magdalen; Fellow of Univer- 

sity; Regius Professor of Modem History 

1846 PJwenices, Nechonis tempore, Africce oram eireumnavigantes. Thomas Collett 

Sandars, Scholar of Balliol; Fellow of Oriel 

1847 Tunis Londinensis. John Conington, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Univer- 

sity ; Corpus Professor of Latin. 

1848 Tubus Astronomicus. Robert Falkner Hessey, Demy, afterwards Fellow, of 

Magdalen 

1849 Etruscorwm Sepulchra nuper reperta. Alexander John Wallace, Trinity; 

Postmaster of Merton 

1850 Herodotus apud Olympiam Musas suas recitans. John Hoskyns Abrahall, 

Balliol ; Fellow of Lincoln 

1851 Parthenonis Ruinos. Charles Stuart Blayds, Scholar of Balliol 

1852 Avium Migrationes. Robert George Wyndham Herbert, Scholar of Balliol ; 

Fellow of All Souls. 
1S53 Olisipo terra? ntotv, dbruta. [Not awarded] 



THE CHANCELLOR'S : ENGLISH ESSAY. 139 

1854 " Suis et ipsa Roma virtbus rait." Alfred Blomficld, Scholar of Balliol ; 

Fellow of All Souls 

1855 Israelite? PdlcesUnam occupantes. Robinson Ellis, Scholar of Balliol ; FcIIoav 

of Trinity 

1856 Mors Socratis. Edward Charles Wickham, Fellow of New College 

1857 Sebastopol. Charles Synge Christopher Bowen, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, 

of Balliol 
1K58 him* Axpltiiltites. Joseph Henry Warner, Balliol 

1859 J ndia < hientalis. Robert Samuel Wright, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Oriel 

1860 Ars Histrionica. JjNot awarded] 

1861 Tritxtrriu. William Liscombe Stonhouse, Brasenose 

1862 Ccesar in Senatu interfectus. Robert William Raper, Scholar of Trinity ; 

Fellow of Queen's ; Fellow of Trinity 

1863 Si>clnnrn ilnj'tix in aura Kplirnirh. (Genes, cap. xxiii., ver. 17, Vers. Vulgat.) 

Thomas Leslie Papillon, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Merton ; Fellow of 
New College 

1864 Furculce Caudince. William Moore, Scholar of New College ; Fellow of 

Magdalen 
isiV) 1 hint is E.rsilium. Richard Brooke Michell, Balliol 
18(56 Ncapolis. Gabriel Henry Crenier, .Scholar of New College 

1867 JEdes Westmonasteriensis. John Arthur Godley, Exhibitioner of Balliol ; 

Fellow of Hertford 

1868 Marathon. John William Stanbridge, Scholar of New College ; Fellow of 

St. John's 

1869 Exercitus Indo-Britannicus ex Abyssinid redux. Joseph Arderne Ormerod, 

Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of Jesus 

1870 Avium Nidificatio. Frederick Burn Harvey, Scholar of New College 

1871 Sol Pictor. Francis Paget, Junior, afterwards Senior, Student of Ch. Ch. ; 

Regius Professor of Pastoral Theology 

1872 Puma Aurelianensis. Andrew Goldie Wood, Scholar of Pembroke 

1873 Balcenarum Piscatio. Alfred Edmund Packe, Ch. Ch. 

1874 Melita. William Hind, Scholar of Balliol 

1875 Iceland. Sidney Graves Hamilton, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Hertford 

1876 Orhis Palceozoicus. Robert Lawrence Ottley, Scholar of Pembroke ; Senior 

Student of Ch. Ch. 

1877 Hun a 0. 'ml ah Italia deprdsus suos adloquitur. Alfred Denis Godley, Scholar 

of Balliol; Fellow of Magdalen 

1878 Ister Fluvius. [Not awarded] 

1879 Naves Ferrataz. Charles Ashworth James, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of 

Hertford 

1880 Elizabetha Begina, post Hispanorum eladem, copias vicirices alloquitv/r. Sidney 

George Owen, Exhibitioner of Balliol 

1881 Arminius. John Thomas Augustus Haines, Exhibitioner of Balliol; Fellow 

of University 

1882 Tetnpe Greeds reddita. Cecil Henry St. Leger Russell, Scholar of Trinity 

1883 Scientia quce dicitur Electrica. William Ross Hardie, Scholar, afterwards 

Fellow, of Balliol 

1884 Primceva gens mortalium. Digby Holden Rose Harwich La Motte, Trinity 

1885 Quce marmoreo fert monstra sub cequore pontus. Francis John Lys, Scholar 

of Worcester 

1886 Olympia. George Gilbert Aime Murray, Scholar of St. John's 

1887 Maicapajv N^tfot. Robert Ranulph Marett, Exhibitioner of Balliol 

1888 Belisarius. [Not awarded]. 

English Essay. 

1768 Artes Prosunt Eeipuhliccs. George Croft, University ; Fellow 

1769 On the Declension t if Elegance among the Athenians. George Strahan, Fellow 

of University 

1770 On the I 'tili i ij nf ]' ill, lie Infirmaries. James Castley, Queen's 

1771 On the Advantages and Disadvantages of Travelling into Foreign Countries. 

John Scott, University; Fellow; the first Earl of Eldon ; lli^ii Steward 

1772 On the Public and Private Advantages of Frugality. Philip Fisher, Fellow of 

University 

1773 Ars Musica. Thomas Milles, Queen's ; Fellow of All Souls. 



140 PRIZES. 

177} Oaminq. Hugh Morgan, Brasenose 

177.'> On Sculpture. John Grattan, Fellow of New College 

177i'i On Architecture. Thomas Henry Lowth, Fellow of New College 

1777 <>i, tli, Art of Printing. Stephen Street, Queen's 

1778 Academical Education, William Barrow, Qneen'a 

177'' On th, Affinity between Painting and Writ inn in point of Composition. Henry 

A-ddington, Braaenoee : the first Viscount Sidmonth 
L780 On the Study qf Antiquities. Thomas Burgess, Scholar of Corpus 
1781 'I'll' Origin ana Use of Fable. Scrope Bernard, Student of Ch.Ch. 
L782 On Original Composition. Abrain Robertson, Ch. Ch. ; Savilian Professor of 

Aatronomy 
1783 ' >>, th. I se of History. Charles Thomas Barker, Student of Ch. Ch. 
17-1 On tin Use of Medals. Charles Henry Hall, Student of Ch, Ch. ; Regius 

Professor of 1 Hvinity : 1 tean of ( Ih, Ch. 
L785 On Dramatic Composition. Henry Blackstone, Fellow of New College 
17n> Onthe Ike and AbuSi qf Satire. Charles Abbott, Scholar of Corpus ; the first 

Lord Tenterden 
1787 In what Art* have th< Moderns excelled the Ancients? William Benwell, 

Scholar of Trinity 
17SS ],'■ fin, iii< nt. William Roberts, Scholar of Corpus 

1789 On the < 'Imrnrti ristic "Diffen noes betuh en Ami, nt and Modern Poetry, and the 

* m nil caust sfrom which they result. George Richards, Scholar of Trinity ; 
Fellow of Oriel 

1790 General Knowledge, its real Nature, anil the Advantages to he derived from it. 

John Willing Warren, St. John's; Fellow of Oriel 

1791 National Prejudices, their good and hud Effects. John Burrows, Ch. Cb. 

1792 On the Influence of Education and Government on National Character. Frod- 

aham Hodson, Brasenose ; afterwards Principal, and Regius Professor of 
Divinity 

1793 Popularity. William Elias Taunton, Student of Cb. Ch. 
17'.»4 Liberty. John Bartlam, Merton 

1795 On the Influence of a Relujious Principle. Henry Phillpotts, Scholar of 

Corpus ; Fellow of Magdalen ; Bishop of Exeter 

1796 On Agriculture. Edward Copleston, Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Oriel 

1797 On the Influence of Climate on National Manners and Character. Robert 

Philip Goodenough, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1798 Chivalry. Joseph Phillimore, Student of Ch. Ch. ; Regius Professor of Civil 

Law 

1799 On Commerce. Richard Mant, Fellow of Oriel 

1800 The Connection between Intellectual and Moral Excellence. Edward Miles 

Rudd, Fellow of Oriel 

1801 Use and Abuse <>f Eloquence. Henry Wintour, Ch. Ch. 

1802 Character and Doctrines of Socrates. John Jackson, Queen's 

1803 Common Sense. Daniel Wilson, St. Edmund Hall 

1804 On the Utility of Classical Learning in Subserviency to Theological Stv< 

Abel Dottin Hendy, Fellow of Oriel 

1805 A Sense of Honour. Reginald Heber, Fellow of All Souls 

1806 Posthumous Fame. Edward Garrard Marsh, Fellow of Oriel 
1807 1 Duelling. John Taylor Allen, Brasenose 

1808 Hereditary Bank. Charles Edward Grey, Fellow of Oriel 

1809 Tne Lure of our Country. Charles Pan- Burneg, Merton 

1810 In what Arts have the Modems been less successful than the Ancients ? Richard 

Whately, Oriel; Fellow; Principal of St. Alban Hall; Professor of | 
Political Economy 

1811 Funeral and Sepulchral Honours. William Attfield, Oriel 

1 In 1805, the Rev. Claudius Buchanan, D.D., Vice-Provost of the College of Fort 
William in Bengal, proposed a Prize of 500Z. for the best composition in English Prose 
on, 1. The Probable Design of the Divine Providence in subjecting so large a portion 
of Asia to the British Dominions ; 2. The Duty, the Means, and the Consequences of 
translating the Scriptures into the Oriental Tongues, and of Promoting Christian 
Knowledge in Asia; 3. A Brief Historic View of the Progress of the Gospel in different 
Nations since its first Promulgation. The Prize was adjudged in 1807 to the Bev. H. N. 
Pearson. MJL, of St. John's College, who printed it under the title of "A Dissertation 
on the Propagation of Christianity in Asia," 4to. Oxford, 1808. 



THE CHANCELLOR'S \ ENGLISH ESSAY. 141 

1812 On Translation from Dead Languages. John Keble, Fellow of Oriel ; Pro- 

fessor of Poetry 

1813 Etymology. John Taylor Coleridge, Fellow of Exeter 

1814 A Comparative Estimate gf the English Literature <■/ (he Seventeenth and 

Eighteenth Centuries. Richard Burdoii, Fellow of Oriel 

1815 The Effects of distant Colonization on the Parent Stat,-. Thomas Arnold, 

Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of Oriel ; Regius Professor of ."Modem History 

1816 A Comparative Estimate of Sculpture and Painting. Henry Hart Ifilman, 

Fellow of Brasenose ; Professor of Poetry 

1817 On the Union of Classical with Mathematical Studies. Charles Atmore 

Ogilvie, Fellow of Balliol ; Regius Professor of Pastoral Theology 

1818 Biography. John Leycester Adolphus, Fellow of St. John's 

1819 The Characteristic Differences of Greek and Latin Poetry. Samuel Richards, 

Fellow of Oriel 

1820 The Influence of the Drama. Alexander Macdonnell, Student of Ch. ( 'h. 

1821 The Study of Modern History. Daniel Keyte Sandford, Student of ( h. ( li. 

1822 The Study of Moral Evidence. "Walter Augustus Shirley, Fellow of New 

College 

1823 On Public Spirit among the Ancients. Charles John Plumer, Fellow of Oriel 

1824 Athens in the time of Pericles, and Borne in the time of Augustus. "\Vi]li;nn 

Ralph Churton, Fellow of Oriel 

1825 Language, in its Copiousness and Structure, considered as a Test of National 

Civilization. James "William MyLne, Balliol 

1826 Is a Rude or a Refined Age more favourable to the Production of Works of 

Fiction f George Moberly, Balliol ; Fellow 

1827 The Lutluence of the Crusades upon the Arts and Literature of Europe. Frederick 

Oakeley, Ch. Ch. ; Fellow of Balliol 

1828 The Domestic Virtues and Habits of the Ancient Greeks and Romans compared 

icith those of the more refined Nations of Modern Europe. "William Sewell. 
Fellow of Exeter ; "Whyte's Professor of Moral Philosophy 

1829 The Poicer and Stability of Federative Govern ments. George Anthony Denison, 

Fellow of Oriel 

1830 The Character of Socrates, as described by his disciples Xenophon and Plato 

under the different points of view in which it is contemplated byjach of (hem. 
Herman Merivale, Fellow of Balliol 

1831 On the Vse and Abuse of Theory. Charles Page Eden, Oriel ; Fellow 

1832 The Study of Different Languages, as it relates to the Philosophy <f the 'Human 

Mind. Benjamin Harrison, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1833 On Emulation. Henry "Wall, St. Alban Hall ; Fellow of Balliol ; Professor 

of Logic 

1834 The Influence of the Roman Conquests upon Literature and the Arts in Rome. 

Joseph Anstice, sometime Student of Ch. Ch. 

1835 The Influence of Ancient Oracles on Public ami Private Life. James Bowling 

Mozley, Oriel ; Fellow of Magdalen ; Regius Professor of Divinity 

1836 The Effects of a National Taste for general ami diffusive Reading. Henry 

Halford Vaughan, Fellow of Oriel ; Begins 1 'rofessor of Modern Hist< iry 

1837 The concurring Causes which assisted the promulgation of the Religion of 

Mahomet. Piers Calveley Claughton, Fellow of University 

1838 The Tests of National Prosperity considered. Thomas Henry Haddan, Fellow 

of Exeter 

1839 The Classical Taste and Cliaracter compared icith the Romantic. Thomas 

Dehaney Bernard, Exeter 

1840 Do States, like Individuals, inevitably tend, after a certain period of maturity, 

to decay? Arthur Penrhvn Stanley, Fellow of University; Regius Pro- 
fessor of Ecclesiastical History 

1*41 The Pleasures ami Advantages of Literary Pursuits, compared with those whirl, 
arise from the excitement of Political Life. George Marshall. Studeni of 
Ch, Ch. 

1842 1 The Influence of the Science of Political Economy u,„,n the Moral a,,-. >,-. idl 
Welfare <f a Nation. James Anthony Fronde, Uriel: Fellow ofExet r 

1 In 1840 a Prize of 400/. was given by some unknown benefactor, through the hands 
of the Bishop of Calcutta, for the best Essay in Refutation of Hinduism, to he decided 
in 1842. It was awarded to the Rev. John Brande Morris, M.A., Fellow of Exeter 
College. 



142 PRIZES. 

1843 The Advantages and Disadvantages of (he Feudal System. Henry Boothby 

Barry, Michel Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's 
Ml The Principles and Objects of Human Punishments, Constantine Estlin 

Pilchard, Fellow of Balliol 

1845 The Causes and Consequences of National Revolutions amongst the Ancients 

and the Moderns compared Samuel Lucas, Queen's 

1846 Effects of the Conquest of England by the Xormans. Chichester Samuel For- 

tescue, Student of ( li. ( 'h., afterwarde Lord Carlingford and Clermont 
1841 The Political and Social Benefits of the Reformation in England. Goldwin 

Sinitli. Stowell FeUow, afterwards Fellow, of University; Regius Professor 

of Modern History 
ls|s Respective Effects of (he Wine Arts and Mechanical SkSQ, on National Character. 

John Conington, Fellow of I'nivcrsity; Corpus Professor of Latin 

1849 Literature and Science compared in their effects upon a Nation. Edward 

St. John Parry, Balliol 

1850 The Ancient* and Modems compared in regard to (he Administration of Justice. 

George Osborne Morgan, Scholar of Worcester; Stowell Fellow of 
University 

1851 What form oj Political < 'onstitution is mostfavourableto (he cultivation of the Fine 
Art*? Charles Savile Currer, Fellow of Merton; afterwards C. S. Roundel] 

L852 Centralization, its Benefits and Disadvantages. Hans William Sotheby, 

Fellow of Exeter 
!>.":', l'ojwlai- Poetry considered as a Test of National Character. Starling William 

Day, Scholar of Wadham 

1854 The Effects of Commerce upon Christianity. William Henry Fremantle, 

Balliol; Fellow of All Souls; Fellow of Balliol 

1855 The different Principles on which (he chief Systems -of Popular Representation 

have been based in ancient and modern times. George Charles Brodrick, 
Balliol ; Fellow, afterwards Warden, of Merton 

1856 The. Reciprocal Action of the Physical and Moral Condition of Countries upon 

each other. Samuel Harvey Reynolds, Fellow- of Brasenose 

1857 Comparison of the Moral Results of the Grecian and Egyptian Mythology. Henry 

Stewart Cunningham, Trinity 

1858 The Greatness and Decline of Venice. Lewis Morris, Jesus, afterwards Hon. 

Fellow 

1859 The Effect produced by the Precious Metals of America on the Greatness and 

Prosperity of Spain. William Edward Hall, University 

1860 The Advantages and Disadvantages of Charitable Endowments, especially for 

jinrposes of Education. Thomas Erskine Holland, Fellow of Exeter; 
Fellow of All Souls; Chichele Professor of International Law and 
Diplomacy 

1861 The Genius of Chaucer. Robert Samuel Wright, Fellow of Oriel 

1862 An Estimate of the value and influence of Works of Fiction in modern times. 

Thomas Hill Green, Fellow of Balliol; Whyte's Professor of Moral 
Philosophy 

1863 The Renaissance. John Addington Symonds, Fellow of Magdalen 

1864 The Relations of Civilized tcith Uncivilized Races. Thomas Kelly Cheyne, 

Scholar of Worcester ; Fellow of Balliol ; Professor of Interpretation of 
Holy Scripture ; Fellow of Oriel 
186") Instinct. Francis Allston Channing, Scholar of Exeter: Fellow of University 

1866 Autobiography. Arthur Octavius Prickard, Fellow of New College 

1867 The Use of the Classics as an Instrument of Christian Education. William 

Henry Simcox, Fellow of Queen's 

1868 The Genius of Spenser. William John Courthope, New College 

1869 The Office and Limits of Literary Criticism. Henry de Burgh Boilings, 

Fellow of Corpus 

1870 The, Reciprocal Influence on each other of National Character and National 

Language. Henry Francis Pelham, Fellow of Exeter 

1871 The Universities of the Middle Ages. [Not awarded] 

1872 The Effects of Steam Power on the Condition of a Nation. Thomas Stewart 

Omond, Exhibitioner of Balliol ; Fellow of St. John's 

1873 The Effects of Continued War upon a Nation. Andrew Goldie Wood, Scholar 

of Pembroke 

1874 The short periods during which Art has remained at its zenith in various 

countries. Gerard Baldwin Brown, Fellow of Brasenose 



THE CHANCELLOR'S '. LATIN ESSAY. 143 

1875 ttopias, Anrh-nt and Modern. Andrew Cecil Bradley, Fellow of Balliol 
l v 7ii The political and social results of the absorption of small States by large. George 

Smythe Baden-Powell, Balliol 
1^77 Tin 1 influence qf the School-men upon Modern Literature. Bobert Jocelyn 

Alexander, Brasenose 

1878 Symptoms of Decline in Races. George Spencer Bower, Scholar of New College 

1879 Historical Criticism among die Ancients. [Not awarded] 

1880 Under irlmt Conditions u Naval Supremacy Acquired and Maintained by 

Nations? Frederic Thomas Dalton, Corona 

1881 The. Development qf English Prose Style. Charles Bobert Leslie Fletcher, 

Demy of Magdalen ; Fellow of All Souls 

1882 Sicily, its Flare in Ancient History, Literature and Art. Andrew Potts, Non- 

( !oUegiate Student 

1883 The Universities of the Middle Ages. 7 Hastings Bashdall, late Scholar of New 

College 

1884 Tin Characteristics of Primitive Poetry. William Bartlett, Scholar of Corpus 

1885 The Theory and Practice of Education among the Ancients. Walter Hob- 

house, Fellow of Hertford; Student of Christ Church. 

1886 The Influence of the Theatre on Life and Character. John Henry Fowler, 

Trinity 

1887 The right method of studying the Greek and Latin Classics. Herbert William 

Horwill, late Scholar of Wadham 
1*88 Tin effect of the development qf Physical Science on Literature and the Fine Arts. 
William Arthur Gill, sometime Scholar of Queen's. 



Latin Essay. 

1810 In Philosophia, quce de Vita et Moribus est, ilhistranda, quamam prcecipue 

Sermonum Socraticorumfuit ExceUentia ? John Miller, Worcester 

1811 De Styli Ciceroniani, in Diversa Materie, Varietate. Charles Bathurst, 

Student of Ch. Ch. 

1812 Xenophontis res bellicas, quibus ipse interfuit, narrantis cum Ccesare compa- 

ratio. John Keble, Fellow of Oriel ; Professor of Poetry 

1813 Quam pirn in moribus Poputi Bomani corrigendis habuerit Potestas Censor iaf 

John Taylor Coleridge, Fellow of Exeter 

1814 De Ephororum\apud Lacedcemonios Magistratu. Benn Dickson Hampden, 

Oriel ; Pellow: Principal of St. Mary Hall ; Whyte's Professor of Moral 
Philosophy ; Begius Professor of Divinity 

1815 In ilia Philosophic parte qua} Mbralis dicitur tractanda, quamam sit prcecipue 

Aristotelicce Discipline Virtus? Charles Giles Bridle Daubeny, Demy, 
afterwards Fellow, of Magdalen : Professor of Chemistry, and of Botany 

1816 In Hi&toria scribenda quamam sit prcecipue inter Auctores veteres et novos 

Differentia ? Henry Hart Milman, Fellow of Brasenose 

1817 Quam vim habeat ad informandos Juvenum animos Poetarum lectio f Thomas 

Arnold, Fellow of Oriel 

1818 Quam vim in moribus Populi eonformandis exhibeaat Berum publicarum subita? 

mutationes? Samuel Hinds, Queen's 

1819 Quamam fuerint proBeipue in causa quod "Roma de Carthagine triumphavit ? 

Alexander Macdonnell, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1820 Quamam fuerit GoncUii Amphictyonici constitutio, et quam vim in tuendis 

Groscice. libertatibus et in poputorum moribwformandishabueritl James 

Shergold Boone, Student of Ch. Ch. 
1*21 De Auguriis et Auspiciis apud Antiques. Charles John Plumer, Fellow of 

Oriel 
L822 An r< vera prcevaluerit apud Eruditioret Antiquorum Pciyiheismus. John 

Bridges Ottley, Fellow of Oriel 
! v_f>, ( 'nndih'o Servorvm apud Antiqn, s. Edward Wickham, Fellow of New College 

1824 Coloniarum apud Grcseos ei aomanos inter se Comparatio. Edward Bouverie 

Pusey, Fellow of Oriel ; Begius Professor of Hebrew 

1825 De Tribunitia apud Bomanos Potestate. Frederick Oakelev, Ch. Ch. ; Fellow 

of Balliol 

1826 Quibus prcecipue </<■ causis in Artium Ltberdtium Studiis Bomani Gracis.vix 

}>ai'cs, nedum superiores, evaserint, [Not awarded] 



144 PRIZES. 

1827 /■ e apud Romance Aararia. William John Blake, Cli.cii. 

1828 Dhde evenii vi Ariwm LiberaUutn Btudiis proestantiseimw guisque apud 

ringulas GMtates eodemfere seoulo florueritt George Anthony Denison, 

Fellow of ( dicl 

QuibuB potiseimum RaHonibus Oentesa Romanis debeUatai Ua afflcerentur, ut 
own Vietoribut in unttM Imperii Corpus coaluerintf William Newell, 
I ■', 11m\\ of Exeter ; Whyte's Professor of Moral Philosophy 

1S30 I'lrmu ii)"t<l Grcecos an apud Romanot magis exculta fuerit Civilis Sciential 
Aiiiln>ii\ Grant, Fellow of New College 

18:31 Qucenam fuerit Oratorum Atticorum apud Topulum auetoritasl Charles 
Wordsworth, SI udeni of ( Ih. ( 'h. 

1832 D( Stoicorinu J)i.<ri}>iiua. Thomas Legh Claughtoii, Fellow of Trinity ; Pro- 
fessor of Poetry 

l-:!:; De AiHconm Ocmadia. "William Palmer. Fellow of Magdalen 

1834 De Provinciarum Romanorum administrandarum Ratione. Robert Scott, 

Student of Ch. Ch. ; Master of Balliol ; Professor of Exegesis 

1835 De Jure Clienteles apud Romanoe. Eoundell Palmer, Fellow of Magdalen ; 

afterwards lirst Earl of Selborne 

1836 Antiquorwn Romanorum in publicis pperibut Magnificentia. [Not awarded] 
!>:!" QnihuA tie eausis not plerumque ut instituta ac mores Orientalium oegrius mu- 

tentnr guam nostra. [Not awarded] 

1838 An recte dicatur caruisse veteres ea forma Concilii Publici, qua selecti guidam 

pro uninersis statuuntur t William Dickenson, Scholar of Trinity 

1839 Qua nam tint '•rim Rempublicam Academice officio:. Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, 

Fellow of University; Eegius Professor of Ecclesiastical History 

1840 Miles Romanus quando primum, et quifms de eausis, coeperit libertati Civium 

obesse ? William Charles Lake, Fellow of Balliol 

1841 De Etruscorum cultu, legibus, et moribus, eorumque apud Romanos vesiiuii*. 

Benjamin Jowett, Fellow, afterwards Master, of Balliol ; Begius Professor 
of Greek 

1842 De re frumentatia apud Athenienses. William George Henderson, Demy, 

afterwards Fellow, of Magdalen 

1843 Qucenam fuerit publicorum eertaminum apud antiques vis et utilitas. Balph 

Bobert Wheeler Lingen, Fellow of Balliol ; Hon. Fellow of Trinity ; after- 
wards Lord Lingen 

1844 Literarum Humaniorum Utilitas. Harris Smith, Fellow of Magdalen 

1845 De Online Equestri a pud Romanes. George Granville Bradley, Fellow, after- 

wards Master, of University 

1846 Qucenam fuerit Mulierum apud veteres Grcecos conditio. Goldwin Smith, 

Demy of Magdalen ; Fellow of University ; Eegius Professor of Modern 
History 

1847 QuatenvA Reipublicce intersit, ut Jurisprudentia Romanorum inter litems fere 

humaniores colenda proponatur. Edwin Palmer, Fellow of Balliol; Corpus 
Professor of Latin ; Canon of Ch. Ch. 

1848 Qucenam prcecipue fuerint in causa, cur gentes mercaturaflorentissimce nusquam 

diutwrnce extiterint. Thomas Valpy French, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of 
University 

1849 Qucenam fuerit Flatonis Idea in Politia sua conscribenda. John Conington, 

Fellow of University ; Corpus Professor of Latin 

1850 Quam ob rem tanto studio apud Grcecos seroata fuerint, tanto neglectu 

apud Romanos obruta, Artis Poeticai primordia. Edward St. John Parry, 
Balliol 

1851 Demosthenis et Ciceronis inter se comparatio. Henry Earle Tweed, Scholar of 

Trinity ; Fellow of Oriel 

1852 Qucenam lngenii virtutes ad ITistorias scribendas potissimum conducant. Henry 

Parker, Fellow of Oriel 

1853 Quibus prcecipue de eausis in Artium Liberalium Studiis Romani Gnecis ris 

pares, nedum superiores, evaserint. George Bidding, Fellow of Exeter 

1854 Qucenam fuerint prcecipue in causa quod Aristotelis phUosophia in Scholisprce- 

valuerit. [Not awarded] 

1855 Morum Phuosophi apud Grcecos et Romanos inter se comparati. John Edward 

White, Fellow of New College 

1856 Seientiarum Physic-arum Progressus. Hemming Bobeson, Scholar of Balliol 

1857 Gentes Navibus insignescum Genttbus M ilite poMentibus comparator. Edward 

Charles Wickham, Fellow of New College 



chancellor's prizes. 145 

1858 TJtrum bene an male de Populo Romano meritus sit Conatantinus, qui eedem 

Imperii Byaaniium tranttvierU. William Walter Merry, sometime Scholar 
of Balliol ; Follow, afterwards Rector, of Lincoln ; Public Orator 

1859 Quatentu fabula credendum sit de Argonautarum curmt marftimof David 

Binning Monro, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Ori< 1 
18G0 Versabor in re multum qiuesifa ; utrwn suffragia clam an palam jerre melius 

esset. Cic. de Legg. iii. 15. Reginald Broughton, Scholar of Balliol ; 

Fellow of Hertford 
1861 Virthu ( 'ifMt,- Augustus bene de populo Romano meruerit. James Lee-Warner, 

Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of University 
18G2 Quosriturquisnam ait finis ttatuendua in egenis publiee <i>'f privatim aublevandis. 

James Bryce, Fellow of Oriel ; Regius Professor of Civil Law 

1863 Quibusnam praecvpue de causis exortum ait bellum civile Americanxun. Henry 

Nettleship, Fellow of Lincoln ; Corpus Professor of Latin 

1864 De Niebuhrii meritia in Historia Romano incestiganda. George Augustus 

Simcox, Fellow of Queen's 
1861 Ilalicaruassus. [Not awarded] 

1866 Thucydides et Tacitus inter se comparati. John Wordsworth, Scholar of New 

College ; Fellow of Brasenose ; Professor of Interpretation of HoJy 
Scripture; Fellow of Oriel 

1867 De Scenica Pvesi Bomanorum. Arthur Octavius Prickard, Fellow of New 

College 

1868 Quamam sit Mythological quam vocant, scientue utilitas? Edward Lee Hicks, 

Fellow of Corpus 

1869 I'trnm prodesse an obesse ReipubUca censendce sint Operariorum Societates. 

(Trades Unions). Clifton Wilbrahani Collins, Magdalen. 

1870 Quamam pracipue sint in causa cur Tragozdia, ante hos tercenkm unnus in 

Anglid florentisaima, hodie langueat. [Not awarded] 

1871 Quamam fueriut pracipue in causa quod Scoti cum Anglis in unius Imperii 

corpus tarn cito eoaluerintt Francis David Morice, Fellow of Queen's 

1872 Xvin in Bepublica fceminatum jura et virorum excsquari debeant. George 

Edward Jeans, Scholar of Pembroke ; Fellow of Hertford 

1873 Quamam fuerit revera Epicureorum Philosophia. John Cook Wilson, Scholar 

of Balliol; Fellow of Oriel 

1874 De L'i loniis apud Romanot militarilnis. Reginald Merrick Fowler, Scholar of 

Pembroke 

1875 Tilierii Iiuprrat<>ris Ingenium. Henry Broadbent, Fellow of Exeter 

1876 Lingua} Latino 3 origines. [Not awarded] 

1877 Quomodo in antiquis civitatibua pauperes indigentesgue publice aut privatim 

sublevabanturt Charles Prestwood Lucas, Exhibitioner of Balliol 

1878 Quatenm provecta aitscientia nostra antiguieawncrum temporum effoesis nuper 

ad Trojam, Olympiam, Mycenae, thesauris et sepulchris. [Not awarded] 

1879 Literce Gracce apud Reges Ptolemceos. Alfred Denis Godley, sometime 

Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Magdalen 

1880 Puerorum institutio apud Bomanos. Walter Scott, Fellow of Merton 

1881 Quceruntur causq} cur Romani diversas gentes in unum imperii corpus componere 

certisque administrandi rationibus regere potuerint, cum Grceci ad banc rem 
parumfuerint idonei. John Henry Muirhead, Balliol 

1882 Ad literas et artes Grcecorum quid contulerint JEgypHL Sidney George Owen, 

Exhibitioner of Balliol 

1883 Antiquarum gentium Navigations [Not awarded] 

1884 Cujusmodi fuerit vetus Romanorum religio priusquam Groscorum numina in 

Italiam illata essent. [No candidate] 

1885 Quatenua Herodoto in historia conscribenda fides sit habenda? Griffith Hart- 

well Jones, sometime Scholar of Jesus 

1886 Quo jure Aristophanes Enripidem insectatus sit, nt relhiionis, morum, poesis 

corruptorem f Walter Hobhouse, Fellow of Hertford ; Student of C'h. (h. 

1887 Viri nobilis C. G. Gordon vita, mors, ingenium. [Not awarded] 

1888 Quoyritur de variis mythologies inter pretationibus. Julian Hilton Sabgent, 

sometime Scholar of Exeter. 



146 rui/Ks. 



English Verse. 

SIR ROGER NKWDIGATE's PRIZE. 

Prizes for Compositions in English Verse were occasionally given 
many years ago by benefactors whose names were not proclaimed at 
the time ami are not known now. Among others, Sir Roger Newdigate, 
Baronet, of Arburv in Warwickshire, D.C.L., of University College, 
sometime Burgess for the University, who died at a very advanced age 
in 1806, gave in the last year of his life a Prize for "a copy of English 
" Verse of fifty lines and no more in recommendation of the study of the 
"ancient Greek and Roman remains of Architecture, Sculpture, and 
'•Painting;" and by his Will he bequeathed the sum of ,£'1000, (by 
which, when invested with accumulations, the sum of about ,£1550 in 
£'S per cent. Consolidated Aunuities was purchased,) directing that 
<£21 out of the dividends should be paid annually as a Prize for a similar 
poem, and that the surplus should help to form a fund for the improve- 
ment of the Master's Lodgings at University College. After the very 
inconvenient restrictions imposed by the Founder had been endured for 
seventeen years, 1810-1826, they were removed with the consent of his 
heir and representative ; and from that time there has been no precise 
limitation either of the length of the Poems or of the range of the 
Subjects. 

The Prize, like the Chancellor's Prize for Latin Verse, is confined to 
those members of the University who have not exceeded four years from 
their matriculation. 

The Judges are the Public Orator, the Professor of Poetry, and three 
Members of Convocation appointed by the Vice-Chancellor and the 
Proctors. 

Trize-Men. 

1768 The Conquest of Quebec. Middleton Howard, Wadham 

1771 The Love of our Country. Christopher Butson, Fellow of New College , 

1772 Beneficial Effects of Inoculation. William Lipscomb, Scholar of Corpus 
1791 The Aboriginal Britons. George Richards, Fellow of Oriel 

1803 Palestine. Reginald Heber, Brasenose ; Fellow of All Souls 

1806 Travels of Discovery into the Interior of Africa. Henry Allen Johnson, 

Student of Ch. Ch. 

A Recommendation of the Study of the Bemains of ancient Grecian and Boman 

Architecture, Sculpture, and Painting. (.Newdigate.) John Wilson, Mag- 
dalen 

1807 Moses, under the direction of Divine Providence, conducting the Children of 

Israel from Egypt to the Promised Land. Matthew Rolleston, Scholar, 
afterwards Fellow, of University 

1808 Mahomet. Matthew Rolleston, again 

1809 John the Baptist. Charles Henry Johnson, Brasenose 

1810 The Statue of the Dying Gladiator. George Robert Chinnery, Student of 

Ch. Ch. 

1811 Parthenon. Richard Burdon, Oriel ; Fellow 

1812 The Belvidere Apollo. Henry Hart Milman, Brasenose ; Fellow ; Professor 

of Poetry 

1813 The Pantheon. Francis Hawkins, Fellow of St. John's 

1814 iWofce. John Levcester Adolphus, Fellow of St. John's 

1815 The Temple of Theseus. Samuel Rickards, Oriel ; Fellow 

1816 The Horses of Lysippus. Alexander Macdonnell, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1817 The Farnese Hercules. James Shergold Boone, Ch. Ch. ; Student 



ENGLISH VERSE. 147 

1818 The Coliseum. Thomas Holden Ormerod. Fellow of New College 

1819 The Iphigenia of Timanthes. Henry .Toll n Urquhart, Fellow of New College 

1820 The Temple of Diana at Ephesus. William Ewart, Ch. Ch. 

1821 Pa'stum. H on. George William Frederick Howard, Ch.Ch.; 7th Earl of Carlisle 

1822 Palmyra. Ambrose Barber, Wadham 

1823 Stonehenge. Thomas Stokes Salmon, Brasenose 

1824 The Arch of Titus. John Thomas Hope, Ch. ( h. 

1825 The Temple of Vesta at Tiroli. Richard Clerk Sewell, Demy of Magdalen 

1826 Trajan's Pillar. William Walter Tireman, Wadham ; Fellow of Magdalen 

1827 Pompeii. Robert Stephen Hawker, Magdalen Hall 

1828 Richard Coeur de Lion. Joseph Anstiee, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1829 Voyages of Discovery to the Polar Regions. Thomas Legh Claughton, Scholar, 

afterwards Fellow, of Trinity ; Professor of Poetry 

1830 Tlw African Desert. George Kettilby Rickards, Scholar of Trinity ; Michel 

Fellow of Queen's : Professor of Political Economy 

1831 The Suttees. Percy Macaulay Ashworth, W T adham 

1832 Staffa. Roundell Palmer, Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of Magdalen; after- 

wards first Earl of Selbome 

1833 Granada. John Graham, Wadham 

1834 The Hospice of St. Bernard. Joseph Arnould, Scholar of W T adham 

1835 The Burning of Moscoic. W r illiam Robert Seymour Fitz-Gerald, Oriel 

1836 The Knights of St. John. Frederick William Faber, Scholar, afterwards 

Fellow, of University 

1837 The Gypsies. Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Uni- 

versity ; Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History 

1838 The Exile of St. Helena. Joseph Henry Dart, Exeter 

1839 SaJsette and Elephanta. John Ruskin, Ch. Ch. ; Slade Professor of Fine Art 

1840 The Judgment ($ Brutus. Lewis Gidley, Exeter 

1841 The Sandicich Islands. Samuel Lucas, Queen's 

1842 Charles the Twelfth. John Campbell Shairp, Balliol ; Professor of Poetry 

1843 Cromwell. Matthew Arnold, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Oriel ; Professor 

of Poetry 

1844 The Battle of the Nile. Joseph Lloyd Brereton, Scholar of University 

1845 Petra. John William Burgon, Worcester ; Fellow of Oriel 

1846 Settlers in Australia. George Osborne Morgan, Balliol ; Scholar of AVorcester ; 

Stowell Fellow of University 

1847 Prince Charles Edward, after the Battle of Cidloden. John Adams, Magdalen 

Hall 

1848 Columbus in Chains. Charles Blackstone, Scholar of Corpus 

1849 Ccesars Invasion of Britain. [Not awarded] 

1850 The Niger. William Allen Russell, Magdalen Hall 

1851 Nineveh. Alfred William Hunt, Scholar, afterwards Hon. Fellow, of Corpus 

1852 The Feast of Behhazzar. Edwin Arnold, University 

1853 The Ruins of Egyptian Thebes. Samuel Harvey Reynolds, Scholar of Exeter ; 

Fellow of Brasenose 

1854 The Martyrs of Vienne and Lyons. Frederick George Lee, St. Edmund Hall 

1855 The Mosque rising in the place of the Temple of Solomon. Edward Haydon 

Osbom, St. John's ; Demy of Magdalen 

1856 Alfred the Great contemplating Oxford University at the present day. William 

Powell James, Scholar of Oriel 

1857 The Temple of Janus. Philip Stanhope Worsley, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, 

of Corpus 

1858 The Discovery of the North-west Passage. Francis Law Latham, Scholar of 

Brasenose 

1859 Lucknoto. Anthony Stocker Aglen, Scholar of University 

18(10 The Escurial. John Addington Svmonds, Balliol ; Fellow of Magdalen 
1801 The Viking*. .ToTm White, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Queen's 

1862 Julian the Apostate. Arthur Compton Auchmuty, Scholar of Lincoln 

1863 Coal Mines. Thomas Llewelyn Thomas, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of 

Jesus 

1864 The Three Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of Shalispeare. William John 

Courthope, New College 

1865 Mexico. Frederic Dobree Teeedale, Scholar of New College 

1866 Virgil reading his 2Eneid to Augustus and Octavia. George Yeld, Scholar of 

Brasenose 

k2 



148 PRIZES. 

lsi',7 Marie Antoinette. Robert CampbeD Moberly, Scholar of New College; 

Senior Student of< 'h. Ch. 
lst',s 'ili, Catacomb* John Alexander Stewart, Scholar of Lincoln; Senior 

Student of ili. Ch. 
I860 Charlemagne. Herbert Baring Garrod, Postmaster ofMerton 

1870 Margaret qf Anjou. John Huntley Bkrine, Scholar of Corpus; Fellow of 

Meltoll 

1871 The Isthmus qf Sue*. William Hurrell Mallock, Balliol 

1872 The Burning qf Porta Francis Grenville Cholmondeley, Junior Student of 

Ch. (h.; PeUowofAll Souls 

1873 St. Louis. Cecil Moore, Exeter 

1874 The Last of the Bed Indians. Robert Jocelyn Alexander, Brasenose 

1875 Livingstone, George Earle Buckle, Scholar of New College ; Fellow of All 

Souls 

1876 77,.,,. William Monev Hardinge, Balliol 

1S77 The Buttle <>f Stun fun I Bridge. John Brooks, Merton 

1S7S Uuvennu. Oscar O'Flahertie Wilde, Demy of Magdalen 

1879 Jona. Thomas Mosse Macdonald, Exhibitioner of Brasenose 

1880 Sir Walter Baleiqh, James Rennell Rodd, Balliol 

1881 Thermopyke. John William Mackail, Exhibitioner, afterwards Fellow, of 

Balliol 

1882 The Full qf Carthage. Dugald Sutherland MacColl, Scholar of Lincoln 

1883 Inez de Castro. John Bowyer Buchanan Nichols, Balliol 

1884 The, Death of Alexander the Great. Cecil Henry Boutflower, Scholar of 

Ch. Ch. 

1885 The Thames. Richard Hippisley Domenichetti, Oriel 

1886 Savonarola. Richard Lawson Gales, Lincoln 

1887 Sahya-Muni (Buddha). Sidney Arthur Alexander, Scholar of Trinity 

1888 Gordon in Africa. Arthur Waugh, New College. 



Elleeton Theological Essay. 

In the year 1825 Edward Ellerton, D.D., Fellow of Magdalen College, 
in order to encourage theological learning, founded an annual Prize of 
£ 21, (which he secured upon an estate at Horspath in Oxfordshire,) 
for an English Essay " on some doctrine or duty of the Christian 
" Eeligion." or "on some of the points on which we differ from the 
" Romish Church," or "on any other subject of Theology which shall 
" be deemed meet and useful." 

The Prize is open to all members of the University who have passed 
the Examination for the degree of B.A., and who have commenced the 
sixteenth Term from their matriculation for the space of eight weeks 
previously to the day appointed for sending in the Essays, and have not 
exceeded the twenty-eighth Term from their matriculation on the day 
on which the subject of the Essay is proposed. The subject is to be 
given out in Act Term before the Commemoration, and the Essays are 
to be sent in on or before the first day of Easter Term. 

The successful Essay is read in the Divinity School on some day 
appointed by the Vice-Chancellor in the week before the Commemor- 
ation. 

The Judges, who appoint the subject and award the Prize, are the 
President of Magdalen and the Segius and Margaret Professors of 



ELLERTON THEOLOGICAL ESSAY. 149 

"Divinity. In case the President should be a layman the Master of 
University is to act in his stead. 

Prize-Men. 

1826 The Operation of Human Causes only will not sufficiently account for the Propa- 

{lotion of t Christianity. Thomas William C'arr, Brasenose 

1827 What w<is the object of the "Reformers in maintaining (he following proposition, 

and by what arguments did they establish itf "Holy Scripture is the only 
wre foundation of any Article of Faith." Frederick Oakeley, Ch. Ch. ; 
Fellow of Balliol 

1828 The Faith of the Apostles in the Divine Mission of our Saviour teas not the result 

of weakness or delusion, but of reasonable conviction. Charles Abel Heurtley, 
Scholar of Corpus ; Margaret Professor of Divinity 

1829 What were the Causes of the Persecution to which the Christians were subject in 

the first centuries of Christianity ? "William Jacobean, sometime Scholar of 
Lincoln ; Fellow of Exeter ; Regius Professor of Divinity 

1830 Whether the doctrine of One God, differing in His Nature from all other beings, 

was in hi by any Heathen Nation or Sect of Philosophers bej'ore the Birth of 
Christ ? Charles Page Eden, Fellow of Oriel 

1831 The Evidence did need from Prophecy in Support of the Truth of Christianity. 

Benjamin Harrison, Student of Ch. Ch. 

1832 On " the Fulness of Time " at which Christ appeared on Earth. Anthony 

Grant, Fellow of New College 

1833 The Analogy of God's Healings with men would not lead us to expect a perpetual 

succession of Miraculous Powers in the Church. Henry William Wilber- 
force, Oriel 

1834 The Sanctifying Influence of the Holy Ghost is indispensable to Human Salva- 

tion. John Jackson, Pembroke 

1835 The Heath of Christ was a propitiatory Sacrifice and a vicarious Atonement for 

the. sins of Mankind. John Cowley Fisher, Queen's 

1836 The Evidences of our Saviour's Resurrection. Edward Elder, Scholar of 

Balliol 

1837 The Mission of St. John the Baptist. Campbell Bassett Arthur Grey Hulton, 

Brasenose 

1838 On the Conduct and Character of St. Peter. Thomas Dehaney Bernard, 

Exeter 

1839 0/* the Conduct and Character of St. Paul. Steuart Adolphus Pears, Scholar, 

afterwards Fellow, of Corpus 

1840 " Good Works do spring out necessarily of a true and lively Faith." Arthur 

Penrhyn Stanley, Fellow of University ; Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical 
History 

1841 The Study of Ecclesiastical History. David Dale Stewart, Exeter 

1842 The Conversion of Constantine. John Rendall, Fellow of Exeter 

1843 The Style and Composition of the Writings of the New Testament are in no way 

inconsistent with the belief that the Authors of them were divinely inspired. 
William George Henderson, Demy, afterwards Fellow, of Magdalen 

1844 The Contrast of Scripture-Prophecy with the Oracles and Divinations of the 

Heathen. Robert Wheler Bush, Scholar of Worcester 

1845 The Laic was our Schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ. Henry Boothby Barry, 

Michel Fellow of Queen's 

1846 That a Divine Revelation contains Mysteries is no valid argument against its 

Truth. Alexander Taylor, Michel Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Queen's 

1847 The Importance of Translation of the Holy Scriptures. John William Burgon, 

Fellow of Oriel 

1848 The Propfo tic Office under the Mosaic Dispensation. William Bright, Fellow 

of University ; Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History 

1849 The Nature and Object of Types. Stephen Edwardes, Merton ; Fellow 

1850 The Fitness of the Times in which the Promise* of a Messiah were severally given. 

James Octavius Ryder, Pembroke ; Fellow of All Souls 

1851 On theDivine Appointment of the Sabbath. Charles Marryatt, Queen's 

1852 The Effects of the Captivity on (he Jewish People. Daniel Trinder. Exeter 

1853 The Legitimate Use of the Apocrypha. Henry Boyd, Exeter ; Principal of 

Hertford 



150 TRIZES. 

1854 The State of the Church in Britain at the time of Augustine's Mission, Fred. 
Meadows White. Demy, afterward* Fellow, of Magdalen 

1856 Divine Prophecies are of the nature oj tin' Author, with whom "a thousand year* 

are /■»/ as "ne day; " and therefore then are not fulfilled punctually at dice, 
hut have springing ami germtnant accomplishment, throughout maun ages, 

though the height ami fulnett of them man refer to Svmr one age. [Not 

awarded] 
185G Conduct ami Character of St. John the Baptist. Henry Stewart Byrth, 
Brasenose 

1857 On the Character of St. John the Evangelist. Charles John Abbey, Lincoln; 

Fellow of I Diversity 

1858 The Lawful,,,-** of War. Edwin Hutch, Pembroke 
1K.~>!I I'lir Lanf nlness of Oaths. John Cs&BBX Hawkins, Oriel 

1860 Life ami I mm< rtalitii brought to light I'll the Gospel. George Herbert Moberly, 

Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Corpus 

1861 The state af religious belief among the Jeirs at the coming of Christ. Samuel 

Harvey Gem, University 

1862 Divine Providence. Arthur Can-, Corpus ; Fellow of Oriel 

1863 Was the organization of the Church influenced by the arrangements of the 

Synagogue f Thomas Kelly Cheyne, Scholar of Worcester ; Fellow of 
Balliol ; Professor of Interpretation of Holy Scripture ; Fellow of 
Oriel 

1864 The Life and Cliaracter of St. Chrysostom. Charles Bigg, Senior Student of 

Ch. Ch. 

1865 Every particular cr national Church hath authority to ordain, change, and 

abolish ceremonies, or rites of the. Church, ordained only by man's authority, so 
that all things be done to edifying. Albert Sidney Chavasse, Fellow of 
University 

1866 The Duty of the Church in respect of Christian Missions. Oswald Joseph 

Beichel, Queen's 

1867 Men are impatient and for precipitating things, but the Author of Nature 

appears deliberate throughout His operations, accomplishing His natural ends 
by slow successive steps. William Awdry, Fellow of Queen's 

1868 " Who the Guide of Nature but only the God of Nature ? " Henry Duff Traill, 

Fellow of St. John's 

1869 Slavery as affected by Christianity. Edward Stuart Talbot, Senior Student of 

Ch. Ch. ; Warden of Keble 

1870 The State of Morals and of Society in the Eastern Church in the time of St. 

Chrysostom. Stephen .lames Fremantle, Senior Student of Ch. Ch. 

1871 The great and acknowledged superiority of the modem systems of Deistical 

or Atheistical Morality over the Ancients is owing to the unacknowledged 
and perhaps unsuspected aid of Bevelation. Digby Marsh Berry, Demy of 
Magdalen 

1872 The relation which Miracles and Prophecy hold to one another as evidences of 

the Christian Religion. Cyril Fletcher Grant, Balliol 

1873 The Defence, of Christianity as conducted by the early Apologists. John Bhand 

More Gordon, Balliol 

1874 The effect of Christianity in ameliorating the condition of Women. Andrew 

Goldie Wood, Pembroke 

1875 The. Importance of sound Ethical and Beligious Training in combination with 

the pursuit of Natural Science. Edward Theodore Gibbons, Senior Student 
ofCh. Ch. 

1876 An inquiry into the moral and intellectual qualities of the ancient Heresiarchs, 

and how far these promoted the spread of their Heresies. Stephen Taswell 
Taylor-Taswell, Ch. Ch. 

1877 The Filioque Controversy. James Edward Denison, Ch. Ch. 

1878 The Life and Character of St. Jerome. Frederick Arthur Clarke, Fellow of 

Corpus 

1879 The Fourth Gospel — its authorship, purpose, and relation to the three Synoi>tic 

Gospels. Frederic Thomas Dalton, Scholar of Corpus 

1880 The Poicer and Influence of Paganism, as illustrated from St, Augustine's 

Treatise " De Civitate Dei." Alfred Thomas Scrape Goodrick, Fellow of 
St. John's 

1881 Coincidences in St. Paul's Epistles, one with another, illustrated after the 

manner of Paley's Horce Paulinos. Thomas Gregory, Balliol 



DENYER THEOLOGICAL ESSAYS. 151 

1882 The Belief of the Sacred Writers touching our Lord's Pirine Nature as it is in- 

directly and incidentally indicated in (he Canonical Epistles <>f the New 
Testament. Charles Henley Walker, Oriel 

1883 The Influence, of St. Augustine on the Theology <f the Church, in subsiquent 

limes. Andrew Potte, Non-Collegiate Student 

1884 The Communion of Saints. William Yorke Fausset, sometime Scholar of 

Balliol 
188o Quisgnis Patribus omnem auctoritatem adimit ipse sibi nullam relinquit. 

John Charles Roper, Brasenose 
188G The Authorship and Trustworthiness of the Booh of the Acts of the Apostles. 

William Bartlett, Corpus 

1887 The Influence of Poetory in. Religion. Ernest Edward Eellett, Wadham 

1888 The light thrown bg early versions and patristic quotations upon the dates and 

( riginal text of the books of the New Testament. Llewellyn John Mont- 
fort Bebb, Fellow of Bmsenose. 



Denyer Theological Essays. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Dennis Denyer, of Chelsea, widow, who died in 1824, 
bequeathed to the University the sum of ,£2000 in £3 per cent. Con- 
solidated Annuities in order to found two annual Prizes of £30 eacli 
for Sermons to be preached upon certain subjects, which were stated 
in her Will and arranged for a cycle of five years. But, as some of the 
conditions were inconsistent with the Statutes, the University declined 
to accept the legacy ; which then escheated to the Crown. Upon this a 
memorial was presented on the part of the University ; and on Feb. 5, 
1835, King Wilham IV, by Eoyal W T arrant under his Sign Manual, 
granted the bequeathed stock, together with accumulations of interest, 
to the University, directing that the dividends should l.e annually 
paid in equal moieties as Prizes for two Theological Essays on subjects 
named in Mrs. Denyer's Will. 

The Prizes were confined to Members of the University, in Deacon's 
Orders at least, who on the day appointed for sending in the Essays 
had entered on the eighth and not exceeded the tenth year from their 
matriculation. The successful Essays were read in the Divinity School 
on some day in full Term appointed by the Vice-Chancellor. But, by 
a Statute which the University was specially empowered to make in 
1863, the Essays were discontinued, and the endowment, then amounting 
to £3000 stock, was assigned for the maintenance of the " Denyer 
and Johnson Scholarships" described at page 127. 

The Judges, who both selected the Subjects and awarded the 
Prizes, were the Vice-Chancellor, the two Proctors, and the Kegius 
and Margaret Professors of Divinity. 

Prize- Men. 

1836 On the Poctrine of Faith in the Holy Trinity. Henry William Wilherforce. 

Oriel 
On the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for the Salvation of Man. James 

Stevens, St. John's 



1 52 PRIZES. 

1897 On the Divinity of our Biased Lord and Saviour Jesus < laid. William Well- 
wood Stoddart, Felloe of St John's 

On Original or Birth Sin, and the Necessity of New Birth unto Life. Henry 

Constantine Brooksbank, Wadham 
On the Divinity of the Holy Ghost, Robert Scott, Fellow, afterwards Master, 
ut' Balliol ; Professor of Exegesis 

On tin- Influence <>f Practical Piety in promoting tin' Temporal and Eternal 

Happiness <>/ Mankind. Thomas William Allies. Fellow of Wadham 

1839 On tl«' Justification of Man injure God only by Christ, proving also that true 

Faith must be accompanied with Good Worm. John Wilson, Fellow of Corpus 

()// the Necessity of the Two Sacraments retained in the < hurch <>f England, and 

that they only arc necessary to l>e retained. [Not awarded] 

1840 On the J )oct rinc of Faith in the Holy Trinity. Charles Brooksbank, Ch. Ch. 

On the Duties of Christianity, comprehending Personal, Family, and National. 

Edward Halifax HanseU, Demy, afterwards Fellow, of Magdalen 

1841 On the Divinity of our Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Steuart Adol- 

phus Pears, Fellow of Corpus 

On the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for the Salvation of Man. Mark 

Pattison, Fellow, afterwards Rector, of Lincoln 

1842 On the Necessity of the Two Sacraments retained in the Church of England, and 

that they only are necessary to be retained. George Rawlinson, Fellow of 
Exeter; Camden Professor of Ancient History 

On Original or Birth Sin, and the Necessity of New Birth unto Life. Mark 

Pattison, again 

1843 On the Divinity of the Holy Ghost. George Rawlinson, again 

— — On the Influence of Practical Piety in promoting the temporal and eternal 
Happiness of Mankind. Frederick Poynder, Wadham 

1844 Tlf Justification of Man before God only by the Merits of Jesus Christ. William 

Courthope, Ch. Ch. 

The Duties of Christianity incumbent on Individuals as members of a 

Private Family. [Not awarded] 

1845 On the Doctrine of Faith in the Holy Trinity. Robert Wheler Bush, Scholar 

of Worcester 

On the Duties of Christianity incumbent on a National Community. [Not 

awarded] 

1846 On the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for the Salvation of Man. William 

Jackson, Queen's 

On the Christian Duty of Humility. Robert Trimmer, Scholar of Wadham 

1847 Prcedestinationis et Electionis nostra? in Christo via consideratio dulcis suavis 

et inefr'abilis consolcdionis plena est vere piis. William Jackson, again 
■ On Christian Courtesy. [Not awarded] 

1848 The Doctrine of our Lord's Incarnation, as distinguished from the principal 

Heresies on that subject. Thomas Bell, Exeter 

In what sense is it a New Commandment to Christians that they should love 

one another? Edward Walford, sometime Scholar of Balliol 

1849 Original or Birth Sin. Edward Walford, again 

Christian Patriotism. [Not awarded/] 

1850 The Divinity of our Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. William Alexander, 

New Inn Hall ; afterwards of Brasenose 

True Faith must be accompanied icith Good Works. Robert Gregory, Corpus 

1851 The Divinity of the Holy Ghost. William Harrison Davey, Lincoln 

On the Necessity of the Two Sacraments retained in the Church of England, and. 

that they only are necessary to be retained. John "William Burgon, Fellow 
of Oriel 

1852 The Justification of Man before God only by the Merits of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

James Leycester Balfour, Queen's 

The Duties of Christianity incumbent on Individuals as members of a Private. 

Family. Thomas Espinelle Espin, Fellow of Lincoln 

1853 The Influence of Practical Piety in promoting the Temporal Happiness of Man- 

kind. Thomas Espinelle Espin, again 

In the Unity of the Godhead there are Three Persons, of one Substance, Power, 

and Eternity. Adam Storey Farrar, Michel Fellow of Queen's 

1854 The Personality of the Holy Ghost. Benjamin Chas. Caffin, Fellow of Worcester 

Original or Birth Sin, and the Necessity of a New Birth unto Life. Adam 

Storey Farrar, again 



ENGLISH POEM ON A & AC RED SUBJECT. 153 

1855 The Sufficiency of Holy Scripture for the Salvation of Man. Benjamin Charles 

Caffin, again 

The Effect on the Ihiman Heart of the due discharge of the Duties of Christianity 

in a Family. John Smith Gilderdale, Oriel 

1856 The (lift of the Holy Spirit in what respect peculiar to the Gospel. Henry 

Boyd, Exeter; Principal of Hertford 

The Distinction between Natural Benevolence and Christian Love. [Not awarded] 

1857 Tin' manifestation of the union of Divine Justice and Mercy in the Atonement. 

Henry Boyd, again 

On the Social Indies of Christians. Robert Edward Bartlett, Fellow of 

Trinity 

1858 The Doctrine of Predestination according to the Church of England. Thomas 

Fowler, Fellow of Lincoln ; Professor of Logic ; President of Corpus 

The Administration of tlie Sacraments in the Ante-Nicene Church. [Not 

awarded] 

1859 The Baptism of young Children is in any wise to he retained in the Church, as 

most agreeable with the Institution of Christ. [Not awarded] 

The Use and Abuse of the Proverb, " Charity begins at Home." Thomas Henry 

Stokoe, Lincoln 

1860 The Gifts and Graces of the Holy Ghost considered as Proofs of Bis Divinity. 

[Not awarded] 

The Influences of Christianity in Promoting the Temporal Happiness of the 

Anglo-Saxons. [Not awarded] 

1861 The Christian and Stoical Ideas of Duty Compared. Charles John Abbey, 

Lincoln ; Fellow of University 

Justification by Faith considered as a doctrine very full of comfort. [Not 

awarded] 

1862 The Duties of Christian Colonists^ Charles John Abbey, again 

Pom. iii. 21. Nvvl 5e ywph — tcuv npo^nruiv. [Not awarded] 

1863 The grant of repentance is not to be denied to such as, fall into sin after baptism. 

John Richard King, Fellow of Mei ton ; Fellow of Oriel 

The Christian Statesman. [Not awarded] 

1864 We have no power to do good works, pleasant and acceptable to God, without 

the grace of God by Christ preventing us, that toe may have a good will, and 
working irith us when we have that good will. [Not awarded.} 

Sacraments are sure iritnesses and effectual signs of grace and God's good irill 

towards us. [Not awarded.] 



English Poem on a Sacred Subject. 

In January, 1848, the University received the sum of ,£1000, given 
by an unknown benefactor through the hands of the late John Antony 
Cramer, D.D., Dean of Carlisle, sometime Principal of New Inn Hall, 
to found a Prize, to be awarded once in every three years, for an 
English Poem on a Sacred Subject, consisting of not less than sixty 
nor more than three hundred lines. 

The Prize is open to all Members of the University who, at the time 
the subject is announced, have passed the Examinations for the degree 
of B.A. The Compositions are to be sent in by the 1st of December ; 
and on the 1st of June following the Prize is to be adjudged, and the 
subject for the next Poem is to be announced, and the kind of Poem 
prescribed. The successful Poem is not recited, but the Author is 
required to send printed copies to the Chancellor, the Heads of Colleges 
and Halls, the Proctors, the Judges of the Compositions, the Professors, 
and the Bodleian Library. 

The Judges, who also appoint the subject for the next Poem, are 



154 PRIZES. 

the Professor of Poetry, the Public Orator, and a third person chosen 
by them, who must he at least cither a Master of Arts or a Bachelor of 
Civil Law or of Medicine. 

Prize-Men. 

185] St. Paul at Athens. John George Sheppard, M.A., sometime Fellow of 

W adham 

ls r )l Tht Dedication of the Temple. "William Edward Green, B. A., Worcester 

1857 77/. Death of Jacob. Charles Henry Pearson, M.A., Fellow of Oriel 

1860 The Waters of Babylon. William Alexander, M. A. .Brasenose ; D.D. 

18R3 St.. h>hn at PatmoB. Richard Watson Dixon, M.A., Pembroke 

1866 Sinai Benjamin Charles ( ailin, M.A., sometime Fellow of Worcester 

lsii'.i The Ihm qf Pentecost. John White, M.A., Fellow of Queen's 

1872 The Lake of Gennesareth. Walter ( tetavins Peile, M.A., Magdalen 

1875 King Saul. Elgood George Punchard, M.A., New Inn Hall 

1878 Ishmael. Robert Jocelvn Alexander, B .A., Brasenose 

1881 Elijah, the Tishhite. [Not awarded] 

1884 The Sea of Galilee. Alfred John Church, M.A., Lincoln 

1887 The Preaching qf John the Baptist. William Hall Savile, M.A., Keble. 



Aenold Histokical Essay. 

In May, 1850, the University accepted the sum of ,£1816 6s. Id. in 
the New £3\ per cent, (now £2* per cent.) Annuities, (being the 
moiety of a fund raised by voluntary subscription in memory of the late 
Thomas Arnold, D.D., Eegius Professor of Modern History, and Master 
of Rugby School, of which the other moiety had been expended in the 
erection of a new Library at Rugby School,) in order to found an 
annual Prize of £42, under the name of" The Arnold Prize," for " the 
encouragement of the study of History, Ancient and Modern." The 
endowment is now represented by £2640 Is. 3d. invested on mortgage, 
and £150 Local Loans Stock. The Prize is awarded every year in 
Lent Term to an Essay on some Subject of Ancient or Modern History 
alternately, announced in the Lent Term preceding. 

The Prize is open to all Graduates of the University who, on the day 
appointed for sending in the Compositions, have not exceeded the 
eighth year from their matriculation. 

The Judges, who both appoint the Subject and award the Prize, are 
the Regius Professor of Modern History, the Regius Professor of 
Ecclesiastical History, and the Camden Professor of Ancient History. 
The Trustees or Managers of the Foundation, who are the Vice-Chan- 
cellor, the Provost of Oriel, the Warden of New College, and the 
President of Corpus, may make presents of books, on the recommenda- 
tion of the Judges, to meritorious though unsuccessful Candidates. 

Prize-Men. 

1851 Whence arose the Greatness and the Decay of the Power of Carthage f Adam 

Storey Farrar, St. Mary Hall ; Michel Fellow of Queen's 

1852 The Borough Towns of England in the Middle Ages. Thomas Hewitt Camp- 

bell, Fellow of St. John's 



ARNOLD HISTORICAL ESSAY. 155 

1853 What effects (f Alexander's Conquests in India are discoverable in the subse- 

quent History of that Country? James Hunter Reid, Fellow of St. .John's 

1854 The Benefits arising from (he Union of England and Scotland in ike Reign of 

Queen Anne. Henry Hill Lancaster, Balliol 

1855 TheBoman Colonics wider the Empire. George Charles Brodrick, Balliol ; 

Fellow, afterwards Warden, of Merton 

1856 The Jews in Europe in the Middle Ayes. John Henry Bridges, Fellow of 

Oriel 

1857 The Condition of Athens in the Time of Demetrius Phalereus. Thomas Robert 

Haleomb, Brasenose ; Fellow of Lincoln 

1858 The Close of the Tenth Century of the Christian Era. Richard Watson Dixon, 

Pembroke 

1859 Delphi considered Locally, Morally, and Politically. Charles Synge Christo- 

pher Bowen, Fellow of Balliol 

1860 The Privy Council. Albert Venn Dicey, Balliol; Fellow of Trinity ; Vi- 

nerian Professor of English Law; Fellow of All Souls ; Fellow of Balliol 

1861 The Christians in Home dm/ring the first three Centuries. George Herbert 

Moberly, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Corpus 

1862 The Danube as connected with the Civilization of Central Europe. Robert 

Samuel Wright, Fellow of Oriel 

1863 The Holy Roman Empire. James Bryce, Fellow of Oriel ; Regius Professor 

of Civil Law 7 

1864 The value of Numismatics in the study of Ancient History. Charles Septimus 

Medd, University ; Fellow 

1865 The Secret Fraternities of the Middle Ages. Americo Palfrey Marras, Lincoln 

1866 The Greek Orators considered as Historical Authorities. Francis Allston 

Channing, Scholar of Exeter ; Fellow of University 

1867 The Mahometan Power in India. Francis Henry Jeune, Scholar of Balliol ; 

Fellow of Hertford 

1868 The Principles of Historical Evidence considered in their hearing upon the His- 

tory of remoter Times. William Henry Simcox, Fellow of Queen's 

1869 The English Colonies in America before the Declaration of Independence. John 

Andrew Doyle, Balliol ; Fellow of All Souls 

1870 TheScythic Races of Europe and Asia, from the Earliest Times to the Fall of the 

Western Empire. John Gent, Fellow of Trinity 

1871 The Jesuits, from the Institution of the Society to its Suppression in 1773. Richard 

Smith, Balliol 

1872 The Influence of the Roman Conquests on Latin Literature. [Not awarded] 

1873 The "Normans in It<dy and Sicily, a.v. 1070-1270. Richard Lewis Nettleship, 

Fellow of Balliol 

1874 The Influence of 3Iassilia and other Greek Colonies in Gaul on the Civilization 

of Western Europe. [No candidate] 

1875 Slavery in Greece and Rome. Stephen Taswell Taylor-Taswell, St. Mary Hall 

1876 The rise of the Republic of Venice. William George Waters, Worcester 

1877 The origin and growth of the Roman Satiric Poetry. Alexander Robertson 

M c Ewen, Balliol 

1878 The Turkish Races in Europe. Philip Lyttelton Gell, Balliol 

1879 The Roman System of Provincial Administration to the Accession of Constantine 

the Great. William Thomas Arnold, University. 

1880 The Goths in Spain. [Not awarded] 

1881 The Condition of Women in Greece and Rome. [No candidate] 

1882 The French Revolution in its relation to the French Church. [ISo candidate] 

1883 The Causes of the Greatness and Decay of Carthage. Andrew Potts, Non- 

Collegiate Student 

1884 Sir Thomas More. Hon. George Nathaniel Curzon, Fellow of All Souls 

1885 The ideal which Alexander the Great )>roposed to himself, and the extent t<> 

which it teas realised. John Edward Morris, Magdalen 

1886 The effects of the Latin conquest of Constantinople. Gerald Patrick Moriarty, 

Balliol 

1887 The. causes of the decline of the Roman Republic. Herbert W r illiam Blunt, 

Oriel ; Student of Ch. Ch. 

1888 The Reformation in France. Chakles Lethbridge Kingsford, St. John's. 



1 ~)Q PRIZES. 



Stanhope Historical Essay. 

In 1855 Philip Henry, fifth Earl Stanhope, founded an annual Prize 
of j£20, to be given in books, for an Essay on some point of Modern 
History, Foreign or English, within the period 1800-1815; in judging 
of which " the merit of the style " is to be considered " no less than the 
clearness of the reasoning and the accuracy of the facts." The Prize is 
awarded every year in Act Term, and the subject for the next year is 
announced at the same time. 

The Prize is open to all Undergraduates who in the Term in which 
it is awarded have not exceeded the sixteenth Term from their matri- 
culation. The Compositions are to be sent in on or before the 1st of 
March in each year. 

The Judges are the Eegius Professor of Modern History, and the 
two Senior Examiners in the School of Modern History holding office 
when the Subject was announced. 

Prize-Men. 

1856 The Character of Lord Clarendon, first as a Statesman, and secondly as an His- 

torian. Robert William Henderson, University 

1857 The Character and Place of W'icldijfe as a Reformer. Herbert Cowell, 

Wadharu 

1858 The Policij and Character of Cardinal Richelieu. George Herbert Moberly, 

Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of Corpus 

1859 The Causes of the Successes of the Ottoman Turhs. James Surtees Phillpotts, 

Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College 

1860 The Fall of the Repnhlic of Florence. John Richard Magrath, Scholar of 

Oriel ; Fellow, afterwards Provost, of Queen's 

1861 The Rise of the Siciss Confederation. Hon. Reginald Charles Edward Abbot, 

Ch. Ch. ; Fellow of All 8ouls ; third Lord Colchester 

1862 ( 'ordinal Wolsey. Charles Martin, Scholar of New College ; Senior Student 

of Ch. Ch. 

1863 The Influence of the Feudal System on the Formation of Political Character. 

Francis Henry Jeune, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Hertford 

1864 The Wars of the Roses. Clifton Wilbraham Collins, Demy of Magdalen 

1865 The Rise of Russia. Walter Mooney Hatch, New College : Fellow 

1866 The, Reign of Richard the Second. Thomas Pitt Taswell-Langmead, St. 

Mary Hall 
1S67 The Causes of the Decline of Spain. George Herbert West, Junior Student 
of Ch. Ch. 

1868 The Effects of the Renaissance on England. Thomas Ryburn Buchanan, 

Balliol ; Fellow of AU Souls 

1869 The Political Genius of Henry Quatre. Cyril Fletcher Grant, Balliol 

1870 The Origin and Pditical Significance of the National Belt. Thomas Stewart 

Oinond., Exhibitioner of Balliol ; Fellow of St. John's 

1871 Lafayette. Henry William Roscoe, Scholar of Corpus 

1872 The Protectorate. Arthur Francis Leach, Scholar of New College ; Fellow 

of All Souls 

1873 Joseph II. William George Waters, Worcester 

1*74 Th>- Portuguese in the East. John Woulfe Flanagan, Balliol 

1875 Cardinal Beaufort. Richard Lodge, Exhibitioner, afterwards Scholar, of 

Ball 'ol : Fellow of Brasenose 

1876 The Universities of Europe during the Age of the Reformation. Vincent 

Waldo Calmady Hamlyn, Scholar of Balliol 

1877 The Marquess ~\Yellesley. Charles Harding Firth, Scholar of Balliol 

1878 The Political Theories of Bante. Arthur Elam Haigh, Scholar of Corpus; 

Fellow of Hertford 



THE GAISFORD PRIZES. 157 

1879 John JTuss. Hastings Rashdall, Scholar of New College 

1880 The possibility of a Steicart Restoration mi the Death of Anne. Lloyd Charles 

Sanders, Exhibitioner of Ch. Ch. 

1881 The political disturbances which accompanied the early period of the Reforma- 

tion in Germany. William Holden Hutton, Magdalen ; Fellow of St. 
John's 

1882 George Yilliers, first Duke of Buckingham. William Hudson Shaw, Balliol 

1883 The Fi.n ign < 'ommerce of England under the Tudors. John Bruce Williamson, 

Scholar of Balliol 

1884 Montenegro. William Carr, University 

1885 Nadir Shah. Herbert John Maynard, Scholar of St. John's 

1886 The Influence of MachiavelU on Political Theory in England tn the Sixteenth 

Century. Owen Morgan Edwards, Scholar of Balliol 

1887 Political Satire in England in the Eighteenth Century. Thomas Seccombe, 

Balliol 

1888 The policy of Henry V of England. Joseph Louis AY uiteiibad, Exhibitioner 

of Exeter. 



The Gaiseord Prizes. 

GREEK VERSE. GREEK PROSE. 

In 1856 the University accepted the sum of about ,£1200, which 
had been raised by voluntary subscription, as a Foundation for two 
annual Prizes in memory of Thomas Gaisford, D.D., formerly Dean of 
Christ Church, and Eegius Professor of Greek, to he awarded for 
Composition in Greek Verse and Prose. The Verse Prize is given for 
a translation into any of the metres commonly used in dialogue by the 
Tragic or Comic Poets, or for a copy of verses, either original or trans- 
lated, in heroic or elegiac metre ; the Prose Prize either for an original 
composition or a translation. The endowment now produces an annual 
income of about ,£47, which is paid in equal moieties to the two 
successful Candidates. 

The Prizes are open to all Undergraduates who, on the first of March, 
by which day the Compositions must be sent in, have commenced 
residence and not completed the seventeenth Term from their 
matriculation. 

The Judges are the Dean of Christ Church, the Begius Professor of 
Greek, and one other Member of Convocation nominated annually by 
the Vice-Chancellor. After adjudging the Prizes of one year they are 
to announce the Subjects and Metre for the next. 

Prize- Men. 

1857 Homeric Verse. Milton's Paradise Lost, vi. 56 — 98: "So spake— milder 

thought." Joseph Henry Warner, Balliol 

A Dialogue. Empedocles. Robert Dobie Wilson, Balliol 

1858 Comic Iambic Verse. Shakspeare's Henry IV. Part I. Act ii. Sc. 4 : " What 

manner of man— I do, I will." Reginald Broughton, Scholar of Balliol ; 
Fellow of Hertford 

A Platonic Dialogue. Nicias, sive de Superstitione. George Rankine Luke, 

Balliol ; Senior Student of Ch, Ch. 



If 8 



riuzF.s. 



1869 Hexameter Versa Mortt Ji'Artlmr. George Rankine Luke 

Prose in tin' style of Herodotus or Plata rygmaorum Civitou. Henry 

Nettleship, Scholar of Corpus; Fellow of Lincoln; Corpus Professor of 
Latin 
18G0 Tragic Iambic Verse. Shakspcare's Richard III. Act iv. Sc. 4: "0 thou 
didtt prophesy— pieroe like mine," Chaloner William Chute, Balliol; 
I ■ ll..\v of Magdalen 

Prose in tin- style <>i" Herodotus or Plato. The Plague of "London. James 

Bryce, Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of Oriel ; Regius Professor of Civil Law 
1861 Theocritean Verse. " The may Queen," James Brvce 

A Platonic Dialogue. Milo, tine de Gymnastica. Charles Bigg, Scholar of 

Coiinis; Senior Student ol'Ch.Ch. 
18 - Comic Iambic Verse. Shakspeare'fl Henry IV. Part II. Act iv. Sc. 3: "I 

yjould you had— shortly >rill I seal iritli him." Robert William Paper, 

Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of Queen's ; Fellow of Trinity 
A Platonic Dialogue. Timcsue Nww, sive de Geologia. Charles John 

Pearson, Scholar of Corpus 
18G3 Homeric Verse. Milton, Paradise Lost, vi. 824 — 877: "So spake the Son — 

woe and pain." Charles John Pearson 

Prose after Herodotus. Narrai Marco Polo Yenetus qua? viderit apud Seras 

et Indos. Augustine Ley, Junior Student of Ch. Cli. 

1864 Tragic Iambic Verse. Shakspeare's Pericles, Act v. Sc. 1 : " Hail, Sir! my 

Lord, lend car — come, sit by me." Evelyn Abbott, Balliol ; Fellow 

A Platonic Dialogue. Socrates apu^TmferoB more suo Atihenu nsiumprincipes 

n ipublicoi interrogai. [Not awarded] 

1865 A Theocritean Idyll. JEgon et Milo, qui ad Olympricum ccrtamen profecti 

erant, domum redeuntes, inter se loquuntur. Ernest James Myers, Balliol ; 
Fellow of Wadham 

Prose after Thucydides. Sancti Ludovici res gestae, mors, ingeniv rn. William 

Henry Sirncox, Fellow of Queen's 

1866 Comic Iambics. Henry IV. Part II. Act i. Sc. 2 : " You follow the young 

prince—fare you well." George Nutt, Scholar of New College ; Fellow of 
Exeter _ 

A Platonic Dialogue. Cratylus sire de hominum sermonis origine. Francis 

De Paravicini, Scholar of Balliol ; Senior Student of Ch. Ch. ; Fellow of 
Balliol 

1867 Homeric Hexameters. Necryomanteia sive Dante Poeta apud Inferos. Alex- 

ander James Montgomerie Bell, Exhibitioner of Balliol 

Prose in the style of Herodotus. The Aztecs. William Wallace, Exhi- 

L bitioner of Balliol ; Fellow of Merton ; Whyte's Professor of Moral 
Philosophy 

1868 Tragic Iambics. Shelley's Prometheus Unbound, Act ii. Sc. 4 : " Wlio 

reigned — is he too a slave?" Richard Lewis Nettleship, Scholar, after- 
wards Fellow, of Balliol 

Platonic Dialogue. 'Aud^ovcs avriavtipai. Alfred Goodwin, Balliol : 

Fellow 

1869 Theocritean Verse. Cymbeline, Act iv. Sc. 2 : " Look, here he comes — re- 

nowned be thy grave." John Arthur Godley, Exhibitioner of Balliol ; 
Fellow of Hertford 

Prose in the style of Thucydides. The Rpign of Terror. Robert Lowes 

Clarke, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Queen's 

1870 Platonic Dialogue. Qudias -q irepl dvSpiavToirouas. John Arthur Godley 

■ Comic Iambic Verse, Henry IV. Part II. Act v. Sc. 1 : " Both the man of 

war — like a wet cloak ill laid up." Walter Sumner Gibson, Exhibitioner 
of Balliol 

1871 Heroic Hexameters. daTpasv vvKripcov ofi-qyvpis. Edward W. B. Nicholson, 

Scholar of Trinity ; Bodley's Librarian 

■ Prose in the style of Herodotus. Iceland. George Edward Jeans, Scholar 

of Pembroke ; Fellow of Hertford 

1872 Tragic Iambic Verse. Manfred, Act 1 : " The sjririts I have raised — with the 

blest tone which made me." Thomas Agar, Junior Student of Ch. Ch. 

i A Platonic Dialogue. UTlane sint reconditions doctrines vestigia apud Homerum 

reperienda ? Alfred Joshua Butler, Scholar of Trinity ; Fellow of 
Brasenose 



THE GAISFORD PRIZES. 159 

1S73 Homeric Terse. Paradise Lost, iv. 034—705 : " To whom thus Eve— such was 
their awe of man." Alfred Joshua Butler 

Narrative in the style of Thueydides. Th<> Siege of Londonderry. William 

Wardlaw Waddell, Exhibitioner of Balliol 

1874 Comic Iambics. Henry IV. Part I. Act v. 8c. 4: " What old acquaint- 

ance — us a nobleman should <lo." Edward Maclaine Field, Scholar of 
Trinity 

Platonic Dialogue. " Esse aliquid manes." De spectris et timulacris mortur 

orum quid revera sentiendum sit. [No Candidate] 

1875 An Idyll. Tin- Bu ins of Athens. Thomas Herbert Warren, Scholar of Balliol : 

Fellow, afterwards President, of Magdalen 

Prose in the style of Herodotus. Viator Anglus NUi forties explorans qua 

ri<\ frit narrat. Edward Maclaine Field 
1870 Tragic Iambics. Julius Caesar, Act i. Sc. 2 : " What >neans this shouting— 
. bear the palm alone." Arthur Elam Haigh, Scholar of Corpus ; Fellow of 
Hertford 

Platonic Dialogue. Socrates Aristophanes Sophocles de Arte Poetarum inter se 

eoUoquuntur. George Spencer Bower, Scholar of New College 

1877 Homeric Hexameters. Paradise Lost, iv. 223 — 287: " Southward through 

Eden — new to sight and strange." Sidney Graves Hamilton, Scholar of 
Balliol ; Fellow of Hertford 

Narrative in the style of Thueydides. The Popish Plot. Arthur Elam 

Haigh 

1878 Comic Iambics. The Hampshire Farmer's Address ("Jf< st thinking people ") 

in " Rejected Addresses." Alfred Denis Godley, Scholar of Balliol; Fellow 
of Magdalen 

Platonic Dialogue. 'Avagi/j.avh'pos 7) nepi £a>W yeviatais. Philip Edward 

Raynor, Scholar of New College 

1879 Idyllic Hexameters. Milton's Lycidas, v. 132 : " Beturn, Alpheus," to the end. 

Alfred Temple Roberts, Demy of Magdalen 

■ Prose in the style of Herodotus. Japanorum reipublieai conversio. David 

Samuel Margoliouth, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College 

1880 Tragic Iambics. Paradise Lost, iv. 32 — 113 : " thou that — new world shall 

knoic." Ernest Alfred Upcott, Scholar of Balliol 

Platonic Dialogue. Be (Economia quam vocant Politica. William Yorke 

Fausset, Scholar of Balliol 

1881 Idyllic Hexameters. Matthew Arnold's Thyrsis : " Too rare, too rare — And 

night as welcome as a friend would fall." Christopher Cookson, Scholar of 
Corpus 

Prose in the style of Thueydides. Speeches in accusation and defence of 

Warren Hastings. Richard Edmund Mitcheson, Scholar of St. John's; 
Student of Ch. Ch. 

1882 Comic Iambics. Twelfth Night, Act ii. Sc. 5 : " 'Tis hut fortune— 1 vill do 

anything that thou icilt have me." "William Ross Hardie, Scholar, afterwards 
Fellow, of Balliol 

Platonic Dialogue. Arjfijjyopia ris eoriv fj iroirjTiKr). (Plat. Gorgias) ; 

Inter Bhetoricam et Poetieam quid intersit. William Ross Hardie 

1883 Homeric Hexameters. The Death of Zohrab and Bustum. Cecil Henry 

St. Leger Russell, Scholar of Trinity 

Prose in the style of Herodotus. The Wandering Jew. William Edward 

Long, Demy of Magdalen ; Fellow of Queen's 

1884 Tragic Iambics. King Henry IV. Part II. Act i. Scene 1 : "How doth my 

son — burier of the dead." Harry Hammond House, Scholar of Corpus 

Platonic Dialogue. Socrates, Alcibiades, Aristophanes de Atheniensium 

ciritate inter se eoUoquuntur. Cecil Henry St. Leger Russell 

1885 Idyllic Hexameters. Shelley's Adonais, xxxix-xlvi. John Undershell Powell. 

Scholar of Balliol 

Prose in the style of Thueydides. The Spanish Armada. Walter Ash- 

burner, Exhibitioner of Balliol ; Fellow of Merton 
1880 Comic Iambics. King Henry IV. Part II. Act. iii. Sc. 2: "Sir John. Sir 
John, do not yourself wrong — there is an end." George Gilbert Aime 
Murray, Scholar of St. John's 

Platonic Dialogue. Prometheus, sire de hominum natura et origine. Michael 

Henry Mansel Wood, Scholar of Trinity 



160 PRIZES. 

1SS7 Homeric Hexameters. Paradise Lost. Book VI. 746-784. " So mid, he, o'er 
hi$ aceptre— valley smiled." Frederick William Hall, Scholar of Trinity 

Prose in the style of Herodotus. Misaolonghi eapta. George Gilbert Aime 

Murray. 

1888 Tragic Iambics. Shelley's Cenci, Act v. Se.4 : " Clod, not so! — my heart is 
COld." Kk\nk FlKTCHKB, Exhibitioner of Balliol. 

Platonic Dialogue. Hurtpov lav a-noknrai to Kattov ou5e neivrjv ?Tl total 

7? hv4.r\v, Tf n aK\o rwv roiovrojv: . . . r) ye\ctov to (pcurTj^a utti nor' 
iarai r) fii) earai ; ris yap oifa : Plat. Lysis. The speculation of Greek 
Philosophy on the nature and origin of evil. Fkkdekh/k William Hall. 



Johnson Memorial Prize Essay. 

In 1802 the University accepted the sum of ,£310, which had been 
raised by voluntary subscription, as a foundation for a Prize in memory 
of the late Manuel John Johnson, M.A., of Magdalen Hall, Radcline 
Observer, and in encouragement of the study of Astronomy and Meteor- 
ology. The endowment has been augmented by accumulations, and 
now produces about <£loa-year. 

The Prize is offered once in every four years for an Essay on some 
Astronomical or Meteorological subject, not less than two years' notice 
being given of the subject proposed. It is open to all Members of the 
University, and consists of a Gold Medal of the value of Ten Guineas, 
together with the surplus dividends on the stock. The Compositions 
are to be sent in by the 31st day of March in the year appointed. 

The Judges (not fewer than three in number, and not below the 
degree of B.M., B.C.L., or M.A.) are appointed by the Trustees of the 
Foundation, namely, the Vice-Chancellor, the Savilian Professors of 
Geometry and Astronomy, the Sedleian Professor of Natural Philosophy, 
the Professor of Experimental Philosophy, and the Padcliffe Observer. 

Prize-Men. 

1867 A Discussion of Recent Investigations relating to Solar Parallax. Howell 

Gwyn-Jeffreys, Balliol 
1871 On the Laws of Wind:— (1) with regard to Storms; (2) with regard to average 

Periodical Phenomena at given places on the Earth's surface. John George 

Gamble, Magdalen 
1875 On the present state of our knowledge of the Physical Constitution and probable 

Origin of Comets. [Not awarded] 
1879 The History of the successive stages of our knowledge of Nebula', Nebulous Stars, 

and Star-clusters from the time of Sir William Eerschel. Archibald Edward 

Garrod, Ch. Ch. 
1883 A discussion of the steps by which we pass from the time of the Potation of the 

Earth upon its axis to our measure of mean Solar time ; including all secular 

changes requisite for accurate astronomical work. An explanation is expected 

of the methods of determining the various constants which occur in the course 

of the investigation. [Not awarded] 
1887 [The choice of subjects was left to candidates ; the prize was not awarded.] 



Hall and Hall-Houghton Prizes. 

In the years 1868, 1870, 1871, two Greek Testament Prizes, two 
Septuagint Prizes, and one Syriac Prize (all to be awarded annually), 



HALL AND HALL-HOUGHTON PRIZES. 161 

were founded by the Rev. John Hall, B.D., of St. Edmund Hall, and 
the Eev. Henry Boughton, M.A., of Pembroke College. 

Of the two Greek Testament Prizes: — The examination for one, of 
,£30, is in the New Testament in respect of translation, criticism, 
interpretation, inspiration, and authority. The examination for the 
other, of i*20, is in the Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles, in respect 
of translation, criticism, and interpretation. 

Of the two Septuagint Prizes : — The examination for one, of £25, is 
in the LXX Version of the Old Testament, in respect of its relation 
both to the Hebrew Scriptures, and to the Greek of the New Testa- 
ment, The examination for the other, of £15, is in such book or books 
of the LXX Version as the Trustees shall appoint. 

The examination for the Syriac Prize, of £15, is in the ancient ver- 
sions of the Holy Scriptures into Syriac in respect of translation, 
criticism, and interpretation. 

Candidates for the £30 and £25 Prizes must have completed their 
eighteenth Term, and have passed the Examinations for the degree of 
B.A., but must not be of more than twenty-eight Terms standing. 
Candidates for the £20 and £15 Prizes must be of not more than 
eighteen Terms standing. Candidates for the Syriac Prize must be of 
not more than twenty-eight Terms standing. 

Three Examiners, who must be Masters of Arts or Graduates in 
Divinity, are appointed annually in Michaelmas Term by the Trustees 
of the Fund, namely, the Vice-Chancellor, the Regius and the Margaret 
Professors of Divinity, the Pegius Professors of Hebrew, Pastoral 
Theology, and Ecclesiastical History, Dean Ireland's Professor of 
Exegesis, and the Grinfield Lecturer. 

Prize-Men. 

GREEK TESTAMENT (JUNIOR). 

1869 Robert Ewing, Balliol, Fellow of St. John's 

1870 George Shattock, Exhibitioner of St. John's; Fellow of Hertford 

1871 James Edward Walker, Corpus 

1872 Edward W. B. Nicholson, Scholar of Trinity ; Bodley's Librarian 

1873 Robert Harold Ainsworth Schofield, Scholar of Lincoln 

1874 Francis Homy Woods, Scholar of Jesus; Fellow of St. John's 

1875 Andrew E. P. Gray, Brasenose 

1876 Thomas Walker, Exhibitioner of Queen's 

1877 Hubert Sands, Oriel 

1S7S Frank Clifford Fox, Scholar of Hertford 

1879 Albert Bonus, Pembroke 

1880 Frank Joseph Powell, Non-Collegiate Student 
lssl Augustus Robert Buckland, Scholar of Pembroke 

1882 Joseph Hewetson, Worcester 

1883 Thomas Randell, Exhibitioner of St. John's 

1884 Llewellyn John Moutfort Bebb, Scholar of New College ; Fellow cf 

Brasenose 

1885 Frederick Georpe Kenyon, Scholar of New College; Fellow of Magdalen 

1886 Henry Alcock White, New College 

1887 William Marsh, Scholar of Exeter 

1888 Sidney Arthur Alexander, Scholar of Trinity. 



1G2 PRIZES. 



GREEK TESTAMENT (SENIOR). 

L869 Gh orge Francis LoveU, Balliol 

1 "j in. ii John Jayne, Fellow of Jemu 
1^71 George Shattock, Scholar of St John's; Fellow of Hertford 

1872 Robert 1>. II. Gray, Brasenose 

1873 ( harlea Leslie Dundas, Brasenose; Fellow of Jesus 
1^71 George Benry Gwilliam, Jesus; Fellow of Hertford 



1875 [Not awarded] 
ls7tl Jai 



lines Edward Walker, Corpus 
I8fi Horace Evelyn Clayton, Brasenose 

1878 [Not awarded] 
N'iiI awarded] 

1880 John Octavhi6 Johnston, Keble 

1881 [N<> candidate! 

1882 Alan George Surnian Gibson, Corpus 

1883 [No candidate] 

1884 [Not awardedT 

1885 Henrv Julian White, Ch. Ch. 

1886 [Not awardedl 

1887 jNo candidate] 

1888 Llewellyn John Montfort Bebb, Fellow of Brasenose. 



SEPTUAGINT (JUNIOR). 

1869 [No candidate] 

1870 Robert Fayrer, Trinity 

1871 Robert Ewing, Fellow of St. John's 

1872 James Edward Walker, Corpus 

1873 Andrew Goldie Wood, Scholar of Pembroke 

1874 [No candidate] 

1875 Augustus Jameson Miller, Scholar of Exeter 

1876 [Not awarded] 

1877 Thomas Walker, Exhibitioner of Queen's 

1878 Arthur Inkersley, Brasenose 

1879 Edward Robert Pacy Moon, Scholar of New College 

1880 Charles William Ridley, University 

1881 George James Spurrell, Scholar of Balliol 

1882 Thomas Randell, Exhibitioner of St. John's 

1883 Henry Darrell Sudell Sweetapple, Queen's 

1884 George Postlethwaite, Non-Collegiate Student 

1885 William Marsh, Scholar of Exeter 

1886 Sidney Arthur Alexander, Scholar of Trinity 

1887 Clement Wilberforce Dickinson, Non-Collegiate Student 

1888 John Frederick Stenning, Wadkam. 



SEPTUAGINT (SENIOR). 

1871 Samuel Rolles Driver, Fellow of New College ; Regius Professor of Hebrew 

1872 [Not awarded] 

1873 [No candidate] 

1874 |No candidate] 

1875 James Edward Walker, Corpus 

1876 William Richardson Linton, Corpus 

1877 Augustus Jameson Miller, Exeter 

1878 [Not awarded] 

1879 Walter Bosher Taylor, Brasenose 

1880 [No candidate] 

1881 Charles William Ridley, University 

1882 Frank Edward Brightman, University 

1883 George James Spurrell, Scholar of Balliol 



marquis of lothian's historical prize essay. 163 

1884 I No candidate! 

1885 [Not awarded! 

1886 j"No candidate"! 

1887 Herman Joscjih Cohen, Jesus 

1888 William Bootiiby Selbie, Brasenose. 



SYRIAC. 

1872 Samuel Rolles Driver, Fellow of New College ; Regius Professor of Hebrew 

1873 [No candidate] 

1874 George Henry Gwilliam, Jesus : Fellow of Hertford 

1875 Francis Henry Woods, Jesus; Fellow of St. John's 

1876 James Alexander Paterson, Scholar of Pembroke 

1877 George Henry JBateson Wright, Queen's 

1878 Jonathan James Gratrex, Wadhani 

1879 Edward Henry Parry, Brasenose 

1880 David Samuel Margoliouth, Scholar, afterwards Fellow, of New College 

1881 Thomas Randell, Exhibitioner of St. John's 

1882 George James Spurrell, Scholar of Balliol 

1883 Bernard Alexander Schleicher, Scholar of University 

1884 Charles Norton Edpecumbe Eliot, Scholar of Balliol ; Fellow of Trinity 

1885 Thomas Walker, Wadham 

1886 Herman Joseph Cohen, Scholar of Jesus 

1887 [No candidate] 

1888 James Middleton Macdonald, Exeter. 



Maequis of Lothian's Histoeical Peize Essay. 

In 1870 the University accepted from William SchombergRobert, eighth 
Marquis of Lothian, an annuity or perpetual yearly rent-charge, upon 
trust to apply the same in the foundation of an annual Prize of £40 
for the best Essay on any point of Foreign History, whether secular or 
ecclesiastical, in the period between the dethronement of Eomulus 
Augustulus and the death of Frederick the Great. 

The Prize is open to all Members of the University who, at the time 
of sending in their Composition, shall not have exceeded the twenty- 
seventh Term from matriculation. 

The Judges are the Vice-Chancellor, the Dean of Christ Church, 
and the Iiegius Professor of Modern History, each of whom, however, 
has power to appoint a substitute. 

In the event of the Dean of Christ Church being Vice-Chan cell or, 
a third Judge is nominated by him and the Regius Professor of Modern 
History. 

The Subject for each year is decided by the Judges, who also 
have power to give the Prize either in money or in books, at their 
discretion. 

Prize-Men. 

lsTl The Grcnrth of Municipal Institutions in Germany. [Not awarded] 

1872 The Importance, throughout Modern Hietory, of the frontiers of France, Ger- 

many, «>/</ Italy. [Not awarded! 

1873 Tin- History of the Vnfoersitp of Paris from it* Foundation to the Council <>i 

< 'onstance. Thomas Raleigh, Balliol ; Fellow of All Souls 

l2 



It! riuzES. 

Ig74 /; M mm Arthur Lionel Smith, Exhibitioner of Ballipl ; Fellow of Trinity ; 

Fellow of Balliol 
lg75 Institution and Purposes <>f Knighthood, 'William Gerahom CoHingwood, 

Scholar of University 
1876 77/- causesoftht failure <>f Parliamentary Institution* in Spam and T 

compared with their success in England. Richard Lodge, Bcholar of 
Balliol : Felloe of Brasenose 
1-77 Tin place qf Iceland m the History qf European Institutions. Charles An- 
si as Vansittarl < tonybeare, Junior Student of ( 'h. ( h. 

1878 Tht Routes of Commera between East and West from the Fan of the Western 

Emptn to the Circumnavigation of Africa. [Not awarded] 

1879 Tit- Enit'iirati.n consequent on the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Regi- 

nald Lane Poole. BaUiol 

1880 Queen Christina of Sweden. Arthur Henry Hardinge, Balliol: Fellow of 

All Souls 

1881 John Sohieski. Edward Henry Ralph Tatham, Brasenose 

1882 James and Philip Van Artevelde, William James Ashley, Scholar of Balliol : 

Fellow of Lincoln 

1883 Justinian. Hon. George Nathaniel Curzon, Balliol ; Fellow of All Souls 

1884 The Art of War in the Middle Ages to the dose of the Fifteenth Century. 

Charles William Chadwick Oman, Fellow of All Souls 

1885 The Duke of 8t. Simon, Edwin Caiman, Balliol 

1886 The growth of free towns in Italy, Germany, and Southern Gaul, and their 

absence in England. [Not awarded] 

1887 Thomas < romweU. Owen Morgan Edwards. Scholar of Balliol 

1888 The place of Fenelon in French History. AVilliam Cars, University. 



Prize Essay on International Law. 

In the year 1869 a Prize was offered to the University for the best 
Essay on a subject connected with International Law. the competition 
being open to all Members of the University who had not, on the day 
appointed for sending in the Essay, exceeded six years from their 
matriculation. 

Prize-Man. 

1S70 The Law of Blockade : its History, present Condition, and probable Future. 
Henry Bargrave Deane, Balliol 



The Coxixgton Prize. 

The University in 1871 accepted the sum of £1275, raised by volun- 
tary contributions, in order to found a Prize in memory of the late 
John Conington, M.A., Corpus Professor of Latin. 

The Prize is of the value of about ^£120, and is offered once in 
every three years for a dissertation, either in English or in Latin, at 
the writer's option, on some subject appertaining to Classical learning. 

It is open to all Members of the University who, on the day 
appointed for sending in the dissertation, shall have passed all Ex- 
aminations required for the degree of B.A.. and shall have completed 
six years and not exceeded fifteen years from tbeir matriculation. 

The Trustees are the Vice-Chancellor, the Pegius Professor of Greek, 
the Corpus Professor of Latin, the Professor of Comparative Philology, 



THE COBDEN PRIZE. 165 

the Professor of Latin in the University of Cambridge, and two other 
persons to be appointed by co-optation, who are at present D. 13. Monro, 
M.A., Provost of Oriel, and H. F. Pelham, M.A., Fellow of Exeter. 

At the beginning of each triennial period the Trustees propose by 
public notice a Subject, or a choice of Subjects, for the dissertation. 

The Trustees appoint three Judges to award the Prize. 

Prize- Men. 

1875 At what times and from what causes did the principal writers of antiquity 6< - 
come lost f [No candidate] 

1878 The Greek Dialects. |_No candidate] 

1882 The manner in which the Writings attributed to Aristotle have received (heir 
present form, to be illustrated especially from the Nicomachean Ethics, the 
Politics, and the De Anima. John Cook Wilson, Fellow of Oriel 

1886 The ancient criticism and interpretation of Homer. [Not awarded.] 

1888 [The choice of subjects was left to candidates; the prize was not awarded.] 



The Cobden Prize. 

The University in 1876 accepted an annual Prize of ,£20 offered 
by the Cobden Club for an Essay on some subject connected with 
Political Economy. The original regulations were revised in 1881, 
and the Prize is now awarded once every three years and is of the 
value of =£'60. 

The Prize is open to Members of the University who, on the day 
appointed for sending in the Essays, have not exceeded twenty-eight 
Terms from their matriculation. 

The Judges are the Professor of Political Economy and two other 
persons appointed on each occasion, one by the Vice-Chancellor and 
the other by the Donors. The Prize is to be awarded to the Essay 
which shall show " the greatest amount of literary merit together with 
the greatest knowledge of the subject proposed." 

On each occasion of awarding the Prize the Judges, or a majority of 
them, fix the subject for the next Prize. 

Prize-Men. 

1878 The policy of Protection in ?/«?'»f/ communities, from an economical point of 

view. Bernhard Ringrose Wise, Scholar of Queen's 

1879 Discuss the catises of the present Depression of Trade, and the "Remedies 

suggested for it. Walter Edward Smith, New College 

1880 1\'liat is the value of Political Economy to. Mankind? Alexander Neilson 

Cumming, Exhibitioner of Balliol 
1883 In what respects, on purely economical grounds, is the furih* r applicatii n of a 

Free Trade Policy required in the legislation of this country? Charles 

Edward Troup, Exhibitioner of Balliol. 
1886 Political Economy and Socialism: What is the teaching of Political Economy 

as to the effects of Private Property anil Free Exchange on the one hand, 

and of State Property and Bequlated Contracts on the other hand, on the 

production and distribution of Wealth t Hebbbbt Llewellyn Smith, 

(Scholar of Corpus. 



166 PRIZES. 

Eolleston Memorial Prize. 

Founded in 1883, by public smVeription, in memory of George 
Etolleston, D.M., Fellow of Merton College, and Linacre Professor of 
Physiology, 1860-81. The Price consists of two years' income of a 
fund of about .£'1200, and is to be given once in two years for original 
research in any subject comprised under the following heads: Animal 
and Vegetable Morphology, Physiology and Pathology, and Anthro- 
pology, to be selected by the candidates themselves. 

The Prize is open to such Members of the Universities of Oxford or 
Cambridge as have not exceeded ten years from the date of their 
matriculation. 

The Vice-Chancellor, the Regius Professor of Medicine, the Linacre 
Professor of Human and Comparative Anatomy, the Waynflete Pro- 
fessor of Physiology, and the Sherardian Professor of Botany, are 
Trustees of the Prize, and appoint the Judges, who may be either 
Trustees, or Members of one of the two Universities of Oxford and 
Cambridge not below the degree of M.A. or B.M. 



Prize- Men. 

f St. John's C 
AYalter Gardiner, Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge 



1888 William Bateson, Fellow of St Johnjs College, Cambridge I p n . i 



Green Moral Philosophy Prize. 

Thomas Hill Green, M.A., sometime Fellow of Balliol College, and 
Whyte's Professor of Moral Philosophy, 1878-1882, by his will (proved 
July 24, 1882) bequeathed to the University the sum of One Thousand 
Pounds, and directed that the accumulated income should be applied 
every third year as a prize for a dissertation on some subject relating 
to Moral Philosophy, the subject being selected, and the prize awarded, 
by "NY byte's Professor and the TVaynflete Professor of Moral and Meta- 
physical Philosophy, and one other person of the degree of Master of 
Arts, or any superior degree, to be elected for that purpose by the 
Master and Fellows of Balliol College. He also directed that every 
candidate for the prize should have been admitted to or qualified for 
the degree of Master of Arts. 

The bequest w 7 as not to take effect during the lifetime of the Testa- 
tor's widow, but that lady having proposed to give an annual sum of 
<£30 for a prize to be awarded on the terms prescribed by her hus- 
band's will, the University by Decree of Convocation on March 11, 
1884, accepted the offer. 

Prizeman. 

1887 In what directions does Moral Philosophy at the present, time seem to admit of , 
or to require, an advance ? Samuel Alexander, Fellow of Lincoln. 



167 



CLASS LISTS. 

The names of those Members of the University who have been 
awarded " Honours " in their Examinations will be found in the 
Alphabetical Eegister at the end of the volume 1 . Down to the end 
of the eighteenth century the Examination for the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts was little better than a mockery, and, if a Candidate showed 
any superior attainments, there was no mark of honourable distinction 
that could be given to him. The commencement of the present 
system is to be found in the Statute of 1800, which gave an option 
to each Candidate to offer himself for the ordinary Examination 
which was held in every Term, or for a more strict Examination in 
Easter Term, at w T hich Honours were awarded according to the merits 
of the Candidates. At this Examination, those who most eminently 
distinguished themselves were to be classed as Candidates " qui se 
Examinatoribus Publicis maxime commendaverunt." Of these there 
could be no more than twelve ; and, if more than that number 
appeared to the Examiners worthy of distinction, they were to be 
described as Candidates "qui se Examinatoribus Publicis EGREG1E 
commendaverunt." The names in each division were arranged in 
order of merit, and were published. The Candidates were examined 
in Mathematics as well as in Classics, and the Honours were awarded 
for attainments in both conjointly. 

In 1807 two stated times for the Examination were appointed, one 
in Michaelmas, the other in Easter Term ; and it was enacted, that all 
Candidates, whether for Honours or not, should be examined in one 
course in one or other of those Terms ; that all who passed the Ex- 
amination in either Term should be arranged in three Classes, in the 
first two of which should be placed, alphabetically in each, the names 
of those who passed with more or less distinction, the third Class com- 
prising all the rest ; that this Class List should be twofold, having one 
side for Literal Humaniores or Classics, the other for Discipline Mathe- 
matical et Physical or Mathematics ; and that the names in the first two 
Classes should be published. 

In 1809 the Second Class was divided into two by a line, the names 
above and below that line being placed in alphabetical order severally ; 
60 that, though nominally but two, there were really three Classes of 
honorary distinction. 

In 1825 the name of "Third Class" was given to that which had 

1 The complete aeries of Class Lists will be found in the University Calendar. 



168 CLASS LTSTS. 

been the lower half of the Second class, that which had been the Third 
was entitled the " Fourth < Haas," and the number of the names in it was 

printed at the foot of the Glass List. 

In 1830 1 tin; uumber of classes was increased to five, that which 
had beeu the Fourth b Lng made the Fifth, and the first four being 
designed for honorary distinction. It was also provided that those who 
were not Candidates for Honours in the Classical School should be 
examined separately from those who were, the former being taken first, 
and that Mathematical ( landidates should be examined first of all in either 
series. At the same time permission was given to the Examiners to place 
in the Fourth class in Classics any Candidate whom they might think 
worthy of it, even though he had not offered himself as a Candidate for 
Honours ; and, as a choice between Logic and four Books of Euclid was 
now allowed to those who were not Candidates for Honours, whereas 
Logic was before required from every one, that permission was under- 
stood as applying to the Fourth Class in Mathematics likewise. This 
enactment took effect in 1831. 

The Statutes which established the present course of examination 
were accepted by Convocation in the years 1849, 1850, 1869, 1872, and 1886. 
To the old Classical and Mathematical Schools, the Schools of Natural 
Science, and of Law and Modern History were added in 1853, and the 
School of Theology in 1870. The School of Law and Modern History 
was divided into two Schools, one of Jurisprudence and the other of 
Modern History, in 1872. The School of Oriental Studies was added 
in 1886. There are four Classes for each School corresponding in all 
respects to the first four Classes of the Statute of 1830. These Schools 
are now designated the seven Honour Schools of the Second Public Ex- 
amination. The examination of Candidates who do not seek Honours 
is conducted on an independent footing and by other Examiners. Since 
the year 1882 the examination, in. each of the Honour Schools has been 
held once a year only. 

Since 1883 the Examiners in the Final Honour Schools have had 
power, of which they have occasionally availed themselves, to place at 
the foot of the class-lists, distinguished by the word aegrotat (or aegro- 
tant), the names of Candidates who have been prevented by illness 
from showing that they are entitled to a place in the class-list, or from 
undergoing the complete examination. Such Candidates are deemed to 
have obtained honours in their respective Schools. 

In the Lists issued by Moderators there were at first but two divisions 
of Honour for each of the tw r o Schools of Classics and Mathematics ; but 
from Michaelmas Term, 1854, there have been three. In each division 
the Candidates' names are placed in alphabetical order. 

Since 1885 the Examination for Honours in Classics has been held 
only once a year ; that for Honours in Mathematics has, as before, 
been held twice a year. 

1 In 1826 it was provided that Candidates for Honours in Mathematics should be the 
first examined in the Classical School, but no change was made in the arrangement oi 
the Class List. 



CLASS LISTS. 169 

The Lists of Honours and Classes which have been published by 
Public Examiners and Moderators from the first establishment of their 
several Examinations will be found in the Oxford U.mvkksity 
Calendar. 

The regulations for the examination of Candidates for the degree of 
Bachelor of Civil Law were revised in the year 1871. The examination 
is held once a year, in Trinity Term, and the names of those < landidates 
(not having exceeded the twenty-fifth Term from matriculation) who 
satisfy the Examiners are arranged alphabetically in three classes 
according to merit. The first examination under the new system ' 
held in 1873. 



COLLEGES. 



The Colleges are distinct corporate bodies, founded at various times 
for the purpose of study, and nearly (if not quite) all of them for the 
purpose of education also ; within the University, hut independent of 
it ; governed, as to their own concerns, by their respective Statutes ; 
each having a mansion for the residence of Members of the Foundation 
and for the reception of academical students ; and holding property of 
various kinds through the munificence of Founders and Benefactors. 
In common use the word " College" signifies the mansion of each Society 
as well as the Society itself. 

In Oxford there are twenty-one Colleges now existing. The history 
of their relation to the University is too large a subject to be treated 
here. It may be sufficient to say, that for more than four hundred 
years previous to 1855 no person could be a M ember of the University 
who had not his name upon the books of some College, or of one of 
the Academical Halls which are described further on. In the year 1855 
a Statute was made, by which Members of Convocation w r ere permitted, 
under certain conditions, to open Private Halls for the reception of 
students : but very few have hitherto availed themselves of the per- 
mission. Another Statute, made in 1868, removed the old restriction, 
and enabled persons to become Students and Members of the University 
without belonging to any College or Hall. These Students are by 
Statute designated " Non-Collegiate" (in Latin, Non ascripti). 

The corporation of every College, except two, comprises a Head, 
Fellows and Scholars in various numbers, and a few other Members, 
whose numbers, offices, and titles differ in different Societies. All these 
are Members of the Foundation, and receive stipends from the corporate 
revenues. The two exceptions are All Souls and Christ Church. 
At All Souls there are no Scholars: at Christ Church, which is a 
cathedral establishment as well as an academical institution, there is, 
besides the Dean, a capitular body of Canons, while those w T ho answer 
in most respects to Fellows are called Students. At Merton the Scholars 
are called Postmasters, at Magdalen Demies (in Latin, Semi-Socii). 

Keble College is a society or house founded for academical study and 
education, and admitted to the privileges enjoyed by the Colleges and 
Public Halls within the University by decree of Convocation, April 18, 
1871. 

The Heads of Colleges have not all the same title. The title is" Master" 
at University, Balliol, and Pembroke Colleges ; " Warden" at Merton, 
New College, All Souls, Wadham, and Keble; " Bector" at Exeter 
and Lincoln; "Provod" at Oriel, Queen's, and Worcester ; "President" 



COLLEGES. 171 

at Magdalen, Corpus Christi, Trinity, and St. John's; " Principal" at 
Brasenose, Jesus, and Hertford ; and " Dean " at Christ Church. 

All the Colleges, except Lincoln, Keble, and Hertford, are now 
governed by Statutes made for each by the Commissioners appointed 
under the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge Act, 1877. 

In Christ Church the Dean, Canons, and Students are the Governing 
Body ; in Keble the Warden and Council ; in every other College the 
Head and Fellows. Discipline over the Junior Members of each Society 
is exercised by the Head, his Vicegerent, and certain Officers of the 
College, who are commonly appointed from the Fellows. 

In almost every College the Head is elected by the Fellows. But 
the Dean of Christ Church is appointed by the Crown, the Warden of 
Keble by the Council of that College, and the Principal of Hertford 
by the Chancellor of the University. Headships are tenable for life, 
but subject to the provisions contained in the new Statutes for the 
retirement on a pension of a Head who has become permanently 
incapable of performing the duties of his office, or for his deprivation 
for grave reasons. 

The Fellowships created under the Statutes of 1882 may be divided 
into three classes, namely, Professor Fellowships, Official Fellowships, 
and Ordinary Fellowships, but the representation of each class is not 
provided for in all Colleges alike. Professor Fellowships are annexed 
to certain University Professorships, and constitute part of their emolu- 
ments ; Official Fellowships are tenable by the holders of certain College 
offices, such as Tutors, Chaplains, and Bursars, so long as they continue 
to hold those offices ; Ordinary Fellowships, which are of the value of 
£200 a year, and are tenable for seven years only, may be awarded 
after examination, or on condition of the holder undertaking definite 
literary or scientific work in the University or elsewhere, or may be 
conferred on University Professors or Readers. The Colleges are also 
empowered to elect persons of distinction to Honorary Fellowships, 
but the holders of such Fellowships have no share in the' government 
of the College, and derive no emolument from its revenues. 

Scholarships are usually of the value, inclusive of all allowances, of 
-£80 a year. They are awarded by the Head and Fellows after exami- 
nation, and are tenable in the first instance for tw r o years only ; their 
tenure however may be prolonged, in case the industry and good con- 
duct of the Scholar have at the end of that period been duly certified, for 
another two years, at the expiration of which a further extension for 
one year is in special cases allowed. As a general rule no candidate is 
eligible for an Open Scholarship whose age on the day of election 
exceeds nineteen years. 

In the following pages the several Colleges are placed in the reputed 
order of their foundation. 



172 




I. UNIVEESITY COLLEGE. 

The College of the Great Hall of the University, commonly called 
University College, was, according to popular tradition, founded and 
endowed by King Alfred the Great, in or about the year 872. No 
record however of this tradition is found earlier than the close of the 
fourteenth or the beginning of the fifteenth century. 

The first historical endowment of the College dates from the year 
1 249. In that year William of Durham, said to have been Rector 
of Wearmouth and Archdeacon of Durham, bequeathed a sum of money 
to provide a permanent endowment for the maintenance of a certain 
number of " Masters." The first purchase with this bequest was made 
in 1253, and the first Statutes are dated 1280. 

The endowment of William of Durham was added to at various dates 
by other benefactors; among others by King Henry IV, at the instance 
of Walter Skirlow or Skirlaw, Bishop of Durham, in 1403 ; by Henry 
Percy, Earl of Northumberland, in 1455 ; by Robert Dudley, Earl of 
Leicester, in 1587 ; by John Freeston, in 1592 ; by Robert Guusley, in 
1610 ; by Sir Simon Bennet, in 1631 ; by Dr. John Radcliffe, in 1714; 
and by Dr. John Browne, in 1764. 

The foundation now consists (according to Statutes made in 1881) of 
a Master, thirteen Fellows (including one Civil Law Fellow), seven- 
teen Scholars, and twelve Exhibitioners. 

The Fellowships are tenable for seven years, but this term may be 
extended under certain conditions. 

The Civil Law Fellowship was founded in 1837 by Mary Anne 
Viscountess Sidmouth, in honour of her father, William Scott, Lord 
Stowell, sometime Fellow of this Society. It is open to Members of 
the L'niversity of Oxford who have passed all the Examinations required 
for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts, and have not exceeded twenty- 
eight Terms from their Matriculation, and is tenable fur seven years. 

The Scholarships are of the value of £80 per annum, and are open 
to all who have not exceeded the age of nineteen on the day of election 
They are tenable in the first instance for two years, but this term is 
extended to four years in case of good conduct and industry, and may 
for special reasons be extended to five years. 



UNIVERSITY. 



173 



The Heron Exhibition and the two Lodge Exhibitions (annual value 
not exceeding ,£70) are open to all persons in need of support at the 
University who are not more than twenty-one years old or of more than 
six Terms' standing. 

The three Freest on Exhibitions (value £50) are confined in the first 
instance to the Grammar Schools of Normanton, Wakefield, Pontefract, 
and Swillington, and the four Gunsley Exhibitions (value not less than 
s£45) to the Grammar Schools of Rochester and Maidstone. 

All the ahove Exhibitions are held on the same tenure ax the 
Scholarships. 



MASTERS. 


1561 


1332 Poser de Aswardby 


1572 


1362 John de Pocklyngton 


1584 


1378 "William de Kexby 


1597 


1392 Thomas Foston 


1609 


1396 Thomas Duffield 


1632 


1398 Edmund Lacy 


1648 


1403 John Appleton 


1655 


1413 John Castle, or Castell 


1660 


1420 Robert Burton 


L665 


1426 Richard Wytton 


1676 


1430 Thomas Ben-well, or Benyngwell 


1689 


1441 John Marton 


1691 


1474 William Gregford 


1692 


1488 John Rokysburgh, or Rokes- 


1722 


borough 


1744 


1509 Ralph Hamsterley 


1764 


1518 Leonard Hutchinson 


1808 


1546 John Cray ford 


1821 


1547 Richard Salveyn 


1836 


1551 Georere Ellison 


1870 


1557 Anthony Salveyn 


1881 


1558 James Lhigdale 





Thomas Key 

William James 

Anthony Gate 

George Abbot 

John Bancroft 

Thomas Walker 

Joshua Hoyle 

Francis Johnson 

Thomas Walker restored 

Richard Clayton 

Obadiah Walker 

Edward Ferrar 

Thomas Bennett 

Arthur Charlett 

Thomas Cockman 

John Browne 

Nathan Wetherell 

James Griffith 

George Rowley 

Frederick Charles Plumptre 

George Granville Bradley 

James Franck Bright. 



3 74 




II. BALLIOL COLLEGE. 

Founded by John Balliol, of Barnard Castle in the county of Dur- 
ham, and Dervorgilla his wife (parents of John Balliol, King of Scot- 
land). The foundation had been commenced during the lifetime of 
John Balliol, who died in 1269. The House was permanently endowed 
by his widow, who in the year 1282 gave to it the earliest statutes. Its 
revenues were augmented by the munificence of succeeding Benefactors, 
particularly of Sir William Felton and Sir Philip Somervyle. 

There are now fourteen Fellowships and fifteen Scholarships on the 
old foundation at this College ; the latter of about ,£80 a-year, open to 
candidates under nineteen years of age. There are five Scholarships 
of £60 a-year, for persons educated at BlundellV School, Tiverton, on 
the foundation of Mr. Peter Blundell, one of which is to be filled up 
annually by examination at the School. There are four Mathematical 
Scholarships, tenable for four years, of the value of £80 a-year. There 
are also eight Scholarships, of £80 a-year, .tenable for four years, "for 
the encouragement of the study of Law and History, and of the study 
of Natural Science, in order to qualify Students for the professions of 
Law and Medicine respectively," founded by Hannah, daughter of the 
late Francis Brakenbury, as a grateful memorial of her deceased 
brothers, James B. Brakenbury and Ralph Brakenbury, and in recog- 
nition of an ancient connection between the families of Balliol and 
Brakenbury. 

Three Exhibitions (or more, according to circumstances) of £70 
a-year are annually offered by the College for open competition among 
all Candidates who have not completed the eighth Term from their 
matriculation. There are also a certain number of Minor Exhibitions 
of £40 a year. 

The "Warner Exhibition (founded in 1667 by John "Warner, Bishop 
of Rochester), of about £90 a year, is confined to natives, or those whose 
fathers were natives, of Scotland. 

All these Scholarships and Exhibitions, under the regulations of the 
Oxford University Commission of 1882, are tenable for two years ; 
there is a power of renewal for two years longer if the College are 
satisfied with the Scholar or Exhibitioner ; and a further power of 



BALLIOL. 



175 



extension to five years for special reasons. They can only be held 
during residence. 

The Snell Exhibitions (ten in number at present) were added in 
1677 by John Snell, Esquire. The nomination to them is vested In 
the Principal and Professors of Glasgow University, and the election 
in the Master and Fellows of this College. One or two of these are 
annually filled up by an examination held at Glasgow. They are 
tenable during residence for five years. 

Two Exhibitions of ,£100 a-year, tenable during residence for four 
years, were founded under the will of Richard Jenkyns, D.D., Master 
of the College 1819-54 ; to be filled up by competition among those 
members of the College who have not exceeded sixteen Terms of 
academical standing. 

Henry Skynner, Esq., who died in 1884, bequeathed certain ground- 
rents in London for the foundation of Fellowships and Scholarships 
having for their object the study of Mathematics and Astronomy. A 
Scholarship on this Foundation, of the value of £90 a year, tenable 
for five years, has been established out of this endowment. 

On the death, in 1887, of the last Principal of New Inn Hall, that 
institution, which had existed as an academical hall from 1438, became, 
by virtue of a statute made by the University of Oxford Commissioners 
in 1881, united with Balliol College, in which its property, site, and 



buildings are now vested. 

PROCURATORS. 
1 Hngo de Hertipoll 

William de Menyll 

PRINCIPALS or WARDENS. 

1282 Walter de Foderingey 

1296 Hugh de Warkenby 

1303 Stephen de Cornwall 

1309 Richard de Chickwell 

1321 Thomas de Waldeby 

1323 Henrv de Seton 

1327 Nicholas de Lueeby 

1332 John de Pocklyngton 

MASTERS. 
1340 Hugh de Corbrygge 
1349 William Kirnessale 
1356 Robert de Derby 

William de Kingston 
1361 JohnWycliff 
1366 John Hugate 
1371 Thomas Tyrwhyt 
1397 Humardus Asknam 
1406 William Lambert, or Lambard 
1412 Thomas Chase 
1423 Robert Burleigh 
1429 Robert Stapvltmi 
1432 William Brandon 
1451 Robert Thwaites 
1P>1 William Lambton 
1472 .Tolin Segden 
1477 Robert Abdy 

1 Where dates are wanting, they 



1494 William Bell 

1497 Richard Bernyngham 

1512 Thomas Cisson 

1518 Richard Stubbys 

1525 William Whyte 

1539 George Cootes, or Cotys 

1545 William Wryght 

1547 James Brokes 

1555 William Wryght again 

1559 Francis Babington 

1560 Anthony Garnet 
1563 Robert Hooper 
1570 John Piers 
1">71 Adam Squire 
1580 Edmund Lilly 
1610 Robert Abbot 
1617 John Parkhurst 
1637 Thomas Lawrence 
1648 George Bradshaw 
1651 Henrv Savage 
1672 Thomas Good 
1678 John Venn 

1687 Roger Mander 
1706 John Ban hi 
1723 Joseph Hunt 
1726 Theophilus Leigh 
1785 John Daw 
1798 John Parsons 
ISl'.t Richard .leiikyns 

1854 Robert Scott 

1870 Benjamin Jowktt. 

are either unknown or douhtfuL 



176 



III. MERTON COLLEGE. 

This College, originally called the House of Scholars of Morton, was 
founded in the year 1264, at Maiden in Surrey, by Walter de Merton, 
sometime Chancellor of England, and afterwards Bishop of Rochester. 
The first body of Statutes was given by the Founder in 1264, the third 
and last in 1274, in which year the House of the Scholars was removed 
to Oxford. 

Subsequent benefactors were — in 1380, John Wyllyott, D.D., Chan- 
cellor of Exeter, who vested his Estates in the College for the main- 
tenance of Portionistse, since called Post-Masters ; in 1604, John 
Chamber, Fellow of Eton, Cauon of Windsor, who left moneys for the 
maintenance of two Post-Masters and one Fellow, to be elected from 
Foundationers of Eton ; in 1753, Henry Jackson, sometime M.A. of 
this College, and afterwards Minon Canon of St. Paul's, who founded 
certain Exhibitions. 

Under the new Statutes made by the University of Oxford Commis- 
sioners in 1881, the number of Fellowships with emolument is not to 
be less than nineteen and may be raised to twenty-six. Subject to 
certain reservations, these Fellowships are tenable for seven years. 
Most of them are awarded upon the results of an examination, but the 
College is empowered, within certain limits, to elect without examina- 
tion any Professor or Public Eeader in the University ; any person of 
eminence in Literature, Science, or Art, who shall undertake literary, 
scientific, or educational work; and any person who has been appointed 
to act as Bursar, Tutor, or Lecturer of the College. 

The number of Postmasterships, or Scholarships, is eighteen, but 
may be increased. Provision is made for their being assigned, in a 
definite rotation, to Classics, Mathematics, and Natural Science re- 
spectively. Their annual value is ^80, inclusive of rooms anel all 
allowances. They are tenable for two years from the day of election, 
but may be renewed for a further period of two years, if the Warden 
and Fellows, after receiving a report from the Tutors, shall declare 
themselves satisfied with the Postmaster's industry and good conduct. 
Under special circumstances, they may be again extended for one year 



MERTON. 



177 



longer. No person is eligible to a Postmastership who lias exceeded 
the age of nineteen on the day of election. 

Two of these Postmasterships, being Chambers Postmastorships, are 
reserved to Candidates educated at Eton College, if any shall present 
themselves " of sufficient merit for election." 

There are also four Exhibitions of £60 a-year, to which persons 
are eligible Avithout restriction of age. These are awarded after the 
same examinations and under the same conditions as the Postmaster- 
ships. 

There is also an Exhibition Fund, whichMs formed for the purpose 
of assisting poor students and of promoting study among the Under- 
graduate Members of the College. 

On the resignation of the last Principal of St. Alban Hall in 1882, 
that institution (said to date from the early part of the fifteenth cen- 
tury) became, by virtue of a Statute made by the University of Oxford 
Commissioners in 1881, united with Merton College, in which its pro- 
perty, site, and buildings are now vested. 



WARDENS. 
1272 Peter de Abendon, alias Lakyng 
1286 Richard Warblysdon 
1295 John de la More 
1299 John Wanting 
1328 Robert Treng 
1351 William Durant 
1375 John Bloxham 
1387 John Wendover 
1398 Edmund Beekyngham 

1416 Thomas Rodborne 

1417 Robert Gilbert 
1421 Henry de Abendon 
1438 EliasHolcot 

1455 Henry Sever, or Sewer 
1471 John Gygur 
1483 Richard Fitzjames 

1507 Thomas Harpur 

1508 Richard Rawlyns 
1521 Rowland Philipps 
1525 John Chamber 
1544 Henry Tyndall 



1545 Thomas Raynolds 
1559 James Gervays 

1562 John Man 

1569 Thomas Bickley 

1585 Henrv Savile 

1621 Nathaniel Brent 

1(545 William Harvey 

1646 Nathaniel Brent again 

1651 Jonathan Goddard 

1660 Edward Reynolds 

1661 Sir Thomas Clayton 
1693 Richard Lydall 
1704 Edmund Marten 
1709 John Holland 

1734 Robert Wyntle 

1750 John Robinson 

1759 Henry Barton 

1790 Scrope Berdmore 

1810 Peter Vauifhan 

1826 Robert Bulloek-Marsham 

1881 Hoii.George Chakles Bkodt-.hk. 



M 



178 




IV. EXETER COLLEGE. 

This College was founded by Walter de Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter. 
in 1316 ; and was incorporated by charter of Queen Elizabeth in 1565, 
under the name of Exeter College in the University of Oxford ; and 
enlarged by a second endowment given in that year by Sir William 
Petre, Knight. 

There are at present twelve Fellowships, including the Chaplain 
Fellowship. 

There are twenty-one or more Foundation Scholarships : of these, 
eight (called Stapledon Scholarships) are limited to persons born or 
educated in the old Diocese of Exeter, and either one or two (called King- 
Charles the First's Scholarships) to persons born in any of the Channel 
Islands, or educated at Victoria College, Jersey, or Elizabeth College, 
Guernsey. The rest of the Scholarships are open. Four are usually 
awarded for proficiency in Mathematics, and four for proficiency in 
Natural Science. The College exercises the power of adding to the 
number of Open Scholarships. 

The Stapledon Scholarships are of the value of not less than ,£60 a 
year ; the remainder of £80. 

If no duly qualified candidates present themselves for the limited 
Scholarships, these also may for the time be thrown open. 

The election to the Open Scholarships usually takes place in Hilary 
Term. Candidates for all the above-mentioned Scholarships must be 
under nineteen years of age. 

There is also a Scholarship founded by Mr. George Eedsull Carter of 
the value of £80 a year, for which persons born in the County of Kent 
who are already members of the College have a preference cssteris paribus 
over other candidates. Subject to this reservation the Carter Scholar- 
ship is open. 

Two Scholarships, each of the value of £80 a year, have been founded 
by Miss Marianne Frances Hasker, " for the advancement of sound 
learning and for the encouragement of the study of Theology by persons 
intending to take Holy Orders." These Scholarships are open to all 
persons born British subjects who need assistance at the University. 



EXETER. 



179 



There are various Exhibitions in the gift of the College. Of these, 
two have the same limitation as King Charles the First's Scholarships, 
two (How) are limited to sons of clergymen with preference for the 
Founder's kin, or, in default of these, for sons of clergymen resident in 
the County of Somerset or of Devon ; one (GifTord) is limited in the 
first instance to Candidates educated at Ashburton School; two (Symes 
and Michell) are restricted to students of Divinity who are of not less 
than two terms' standing in the University ; one (Richards) to persons 
already members of the College. The other Exhibitions are open. 
and are awarded for proficiency in Classics and in the various subjects 
of the Final Schools. The College has power to add to the number < if 
Open Exhibitions. 

There is no limitation of age for the Carter or Hasker Scholarships 
or for the Exhibitions. Candidates for any Exhibition must be in nee I 
of assistance at the University. 



PERPETUAL RECTORS, the office 

HAVING BEEN' ANNUAL BEFORE. 



1566 
1570 

1578 
1592 
1612 
1642 
1649 
1662 
1666 



John Neale 
Robert Newton 
Thomas Glasier 
Thomas Holland 
John Prideaux 
George Hakewill 
John Conant 
Joseph Maynard 
Arthur Bury 



1690 William Paynter 



1716 Matthew Hole 

1730 John Convbeare 

1733 Joseph Atwell 

1737 James Edgcumbe 

1750 Francis Webber 

1771 Thomas Bray 

1785 Thomas Stinton 

1797 Henry Richards 

1808 John Cole 

1819 John Collier Jones 

1838 Joseph Loscombe Richards 

1854 'John Prideaux Lightfoot 

1887 William Walrond Jackson. 



ii 2 



180 




V. ORIEL COLLEGE. 

This College was founded by Edward II. in 1326, on the suggestion 
of Adam de Brome, his almoner, for a Provost and ten Fellows. The 
number of Fellowships was subsequently increased to eighteen by 
various benefactions. Four were founded by John Frank, Master of 
the Bolls, who died A.D. 1441 ; one by John Carpenter, Bishop of 
Worcester, about the year 1476 ; one by William Smyth, Bishop of 
Lincoln, 1507 ; and two by Richard Dudley, Chancellor of the Church 
of Salisbury, 1529. Queen Anne annexed to the Provostship a Canonry 
of Rochester, which was afterwards severed from it under Statutes 
made by the University Commissioners of 1877, and is now annexed 
to the Oriel Professorship of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture. 

Several Exhibitions and Scholarships were founded in this College 
by different Benefactors : viz. six, of inconsiderable value, by Richard 
Dudley, above mentioned ; three by Dr. Robinson, Bishop of London, 
1718 ; four under the Will of Henry, Duke of Beaufort, 1744 ; two 
under that of Mrs. Ludwell, 1761 ; one (the Rutland Exhibition), by 
the Rev. Richard Twopeny, 1838 ; and two under the Will of Dr. 
Ireland, Dean of Westminster, 1842. 

By Statutes made by the Commissioners under the Universities Act 
1877 the number of Fellows (exclusive of Professor Fellows) was 
reduced to twelve. The Regius Professor of Modern History and the 
Oriel Professor of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture are Professor 
Fellows. 

Under the same Statutes there are at least ten Scholarships and 
four Exhibitions, called the Exhibitions of Adam de Brome, tenable 
for four years (which may be extended for special reasons to five 
years) ; the value of each of these Scholarships and Exhibitions (during 
residence) being £S0 per annum. Candidates for the Exhibitions 
must be deserving persons in need of support at the University ; to 
a Scholarship no one is eligible who has attained the age of nineteen 
years. 

There are also nine Exhibitions besides those last above named, an' 1 
two Bible Clerkships. 



ORIEL. 



181 



PROVOSTS. 

Adam de Brome 

"William de Leverton 

William de Hawkesworth 

William de Daveutrie 
1373 Johnde Colvntre 
1386 John de Middleton 

John de Maldon 

John de Possell 

William de Corffe 

Thomas de Leintwarden 
1420 Henry Kayle ' 
1425 Nicholas Herry 
1430 John Carpenter 
1443 Walter Lyhert, le Hart, or Hart 
1446 JolmHalse 
1449 Henry Sampson 
1476 Thomas Hawkyns 
1479 John Taylor 
1493 Thomas Cornish 
1507 Edmund Wylsford 



1326 
1332 
1347 
1349 



1394 
1402 
1410 
1415 



1516 James More 

1530 Thomas Ware 

1538 Henry Myime 

1540 William ilnynea 

1550 John Smyth 

1565 Roarer Marbeck 

1566 John Belly 

1573 Anthony Blencowe 

1618 William Lewis 

1621 JohnTolson 

1644 John Saunders 

1653 Robert Say 

1691 George Royse 

1708 George Carter 

1727 Walter Hodges 

1757 Chardin Musgrave 

1768 John Clarke 

1781 John Eveleigh 

1814 Edward Copleston 

1828 Edward Hawkins 

1882 David Bixxixg Moneo. 



182 




VI. THE QUEEN'S COLLEGE. 

Founded in 1340, 0. S., by Eobert Eglesfield, Chaplain to Philippa, 
Queen of Edward III, from whom it is called the Queen's College. 

Under the new Statutes (1882) the College consists of a Provost, from 
fourteen to sixteen Fellows, about twenty-five Scholars (of whom four or 
five, to be called Eglesfield Scholars, are, if suitable candidates present 
themselves, to be natives of Cumberland or "Westmoreland), and two 
Bible-Clerks. 

An additional Scholarship was founded in 1866 by the Eev. Sir E. B. 
Jodrell, Bart., M.A., of the College, in memory of his father. 

The Hastings Exhibitions are open to candidates from the schools of 
Carlisle and St. Bees in Cumberland, Appleby and Heversham in West- 
moreland, Bradford, Don caster, Giggleswick, Leeds, Eichmond, Eipon, 
Sedbergh, Wakefield, and York, in Yorkshire. 

There are also Exhibitions in the gift of the College, (Fitzgerald) 
for natives of Middlesex, (Thanet) for boys from Appleby School, 
(Fox) for natives of Cumberland and Westmoreland educated at 
St. Bees School, (Dixon) for natives of Whitehaven, (Wilson) for boys 
from Kirkby Lonsdale and Kendal schools, besides others of smaller 
value. 

The Tylney Exhibitioner is nominated by the owner of Tylney Hall ; 
the Thomas Exhibitions, for sons or orphans of clergymen in the Diocese 
of Carlisle, and the Berry Exhibitions, for sons of clergy in the 
Diocese of Manchester, are in the gift of Trustees, of whom the 
Provost is one. 



PROVOSTS. 
1340 Richard de Eetteford 

William de Muskani, or Mus- 
ehampe 
1350 John de Hotham 
1361? Henry de Whitfelde 
1377 Thomas de Carlile 
1404 Roger Whelpdale, or Quelpdale 
1421 Walter Bell 
1426 Rowland Bires, or del Byrys 



1432 Thomas de Eglesfeld 
1442 William Spenser 
1460 John Peyrson, or Pereson 
1483 Henry Boost, or Bost 
1487 Thomas Langton 
1495 Christopher Bainbrigg 
1508 Edward Rigge 
1515 John a Pantry, or Pantre 
1534 William Devenysh, Denyse, or 
Dennyson 



QUEENS. 


1559 Hugh Hodgson 


1677 Timothy Halton 


1561 Thomas Francis 


1704 William Lancaster 


1563 Lancelot Shawe 


1717 John Gibson 


1565 Alan Scot 


1730 Joseph Smith 


1575 Bartholomew Bousfield 


1756 Joseph Browne 


1581 Henry Kohinson 


1767 Thomas Fothergill 


1599 Henry Airav 


1796 Septimus Collin* m 
1827 John Fox 


1616 Barnabaa I 'otter 


1626 Christopher Potter 


1855 William Thomson 


1646 Gerard Langbaine 


1862 William Jackson 


1658 Thomas Barlow 


1878 John Riciiahd Mag bath 



183 



L84 




VII. NEW COLLEGE. 

This College was founded by William of Wykeham, Bishop of Win- 
chester, and sometime Lord High Chancellor of England, under a 
Charter of Eichard the Second, dated 30th June, 1379, and a Deed of 
Foundation dated 26th November, 1379, for a Warden, seventy Fellows 
and Scholars, ten Chaplains, three Clerks, and sixteen Choristers. 

Lender Statutes made by the Oxford University Commissioners in 
1881, and approved by the Queen in Council, May 3, 1882, the Fellow- 
ships hereafter are to be divided into three classes, viz. Professor 
Fellowships, Tutorial Fellowships, and Ordinary Fellowships. 

The Professor Fellowships are to be five in number, and are to be 
annexed to the Savilian Professorships of Geometry and Astronomy : 
the Professorship of Logic ; a Professorship of Ancient History ; and 
a Professorship of Physics ; and the holders of the last three Professor- 
ships are to be called Wykeham Professors. 

The Tutorial Fellowships are to be so many, not exceeding ten, in 
number, as the Warden and Fellows may deem necessary. 

The Ordinary Fellowships are to be not less than fourteen in number, 
nor more than will make up the whole number of Fellowships to 
thirty-six, including any Fellowship to which a Bursar may have been 
elected. 

So soon as the revenues of the College will permit, two Ordinary 
Fellowships (called respectively Winchester and Open Fellowships) are 
to be filled up annually by competition. One of these is to be open to 
all persons who shall have been educated for at least two years in the 
School of Winchester College, or have been for at least twelve Terms 
members of New College ; the other is to be open to all persons who 
shall have passed all the Examinations required by the University for 
the Degree of B.A. 

The Scholarships are divided into two Classes, respectively called 
Winchester Scholarships and Open Scholarships. 

The Winchester Scholarships are so many as will enable the War- 
den and Fellows to elect to six such Scholarships in each year, from 
the boys receiving education in the School of Winchester College ; 



NEW COLLEGE. 



185 



no distinction being made between members of the foundation of Win- 
chester College and boys not members thereof. 

The Open Scholarships are to be so many as will enable the Warden 
and Fellows to elect to four Open Scholarships in each year. 

No Candidate is eligible to an Open Scholarship whose age on the day 
of election shall exceed nineteen years. 

The emoluments of a Scholarship, inclusive of rooms and all allow- 
ances, if any, are to be <£80 a-year. 

Every Scholarship is tenable for two years from the day of election ; 
but the tenure may be prolonged for a further period of two years ; and, 
for special reasons, for one year more. 

A fund is to be established for the purpose of maintaining Exhibitions 
to be held by Undergraduate Members of the College. 

The Choir is to consist of such a number of Chaplains, Lay-Clerks, 
and Choristers, as the Warden and Fellows shall from time to time 
determine. At present it consists of three Chaplains, seven Lay-Clerks, 
and twenty Choristers. 



1376 

1379 
1389 
1397 
1403 
1429 
1435 
1454 
1475 
1494 
1520 
1521 
1526 
1542 
1551 
1553 
1573 
1599 
1613 



WARDENS. 


1617 Robert Pincke 


Richard de Tonworthe 


1647 Henry Stringer 


Nicholas de Wykeham 


1649 George Marshall 


Thomas de Cranleigh, or Cranley 


1658 Michael Woodward 


Richard Malford 


1675 John Nicholas 


John Bowke 


1679 Henry Beeston 


William Estcourt 


1701 Richard Traffles 


Nicholas Ossulhury 


1703 Thomas Brathwaite 


Thomas Chaundler 


1712 John Cobb 


Walter Hyll 


1720 John Dobson 


William Porter 


1725 Henry Bigg 


John Rede 


1730 John Coxed 


John Young 


1740 JohnPurnell 


John London 


1764 Thomas Hayward 


Henry Cole 


1768 John Oglander 


Ralph Skinner 


1794 Samuel Gauntlett 


Thomas Whyte 


1822 Philip Nicholas Shuttle worth 


Martyn Colepeper 


1840 David Williams 


George Ryves 


1860 James Edwards Sewell. 


Arthur Lake 





186 




VIII. LINCOLN COLLEGE. 

Founded by Richard Fleming, Bishop of Lincoln, in 1427, for 
a Bector and seven Fellows ; and greatly augmented by Thomas 
Rotherham, Bishop of Lincoln, and afterwards Archbishop of York 
and Lord High Chancellor of England, who added five Fellowships, 
and gave a new body of .Statutes in 1479. 

Scholarships were given by different Benefactors, the chief of whom 
were Nathaniel Lord Crewe, Bishop of Durham 1674-1722, Richard 
Hutchins, D.D., and John Badford, D.D., Bectors. 

One Scholarship was founded in 1847 by Mrs. Tatham, widow of 
Edward Tatham, D.D., Bector ; and in 1857 the Bev. Henry Usher 
Matthews, M.A., left by Will certain moneys for the foundation of an 
Open Scholarship, and also of an Exhibition from Shrewsbury School. 

The existing Statutes, enacted under the authority of a Parliamentary 
Commission in 1855, provide for a Bector, twelve Fellows, and fourteen 
Scholars, on the Foundation. Other Scholarships are added from time 
to time from the proceeds of two suspended Fellowships. 

One Fellowship is appropriated to the Lincoln and Merton Pro- 
fessorship of Classical Archaeology and Art. 



14a5 
1460 
1480 
1488 
1493 
1503 
1519 
1539 
1556 
1558 
1560 
1563 
1574 
1577 



BECTOES. 


1590 Bichard Kilbye 


William Charnberleyn 


1620 Paul Hood 


John Beke 


1668 Hon. Nathaniel Crewe 


John Tristrope 


1672 Thomas Marshall 


George Strangwayes 


1685 Fitzherbert Adams 


William Bethome 


1719 John Morley 


Thomas Banke 


1731 Euseby Isham 


Thomas Drax 


1755 Bichard Hutchins 


John Cottisford 


1781 Charles Mortimer 


Hugh Weston 


1784 John Horner 


Christopher Hargreve 


1792 Edward Tatham 


Henry Heronshaw, or Henshaw 


1834 John Badford 


Francis Babington 


1851 James Thompson 


John Bridgwater 


1861 Mark Pattison 


John Tatham 


1884 William Walter Meery 


John Underbill 





187 



IX. ALL SOULS COLLEGE. 

Founded in 1437, by Henry Chichele, sometime Fellow of New- 
College, and successively Bishop of St. David's and Archbishop 
of Canterbury, for a Warden, forty Fellows, two Chaplains, and 
Clerks. 

The Statutes which came into operation on May 3, 1882, make 
provision for the following Fellowships : — 

Fourteen to be filled up after examination in subjects connected 

with the studies of Law and History ; 
Seven to be filled up after examination in such other subjects as 

the Warden and Fellows may from time to time determine ; 
Seven to be filled up by a Board consisting of the Warden and 
four Fellows, the Bodleian Librarian, and three persons appointed 
by the Hebdomadal Council, tenable on condition of under- 
taking some literary or scientific work in or under the direction 
of the College or University ; 
Three tenable in connection with certain College offices by persons 

who have been Fellows ; 
Two tenable in connection with certain University offices by per- 
sons who have been Fellows ; 
Twelve tenable by persons who have been Fellows under the pro- 
visions of these Statutes, with an annual emolument of £50 ; 
Five tenable in connection, respectively, with the Chichele Chair 
of International Law, the Chichele Chair of Modern History, the 
Begius Chair of Civil Law, the Yinerian Chair of English Law, 
the Chair of Bolitical Economy. 
The College may also elect to Fellowships without emolument not 
more than three persons who have attained distinction in the service 
of the Crown, the profession of the law, in literature, science, or art : 
and may also elect any Public Bcader of the University whose Chair is 
wholly or partly endowed by the College to a Fellowship without 
emolument tenable during his tenure of office. 

Except where the contrary is stated, these Fellowships are all 
tenable for seven years and are of the annual value of £200. 



188 



ALL SOULS. 



The Beading B om of the Codrington Library in this College is open 
to Graduates of the University, to Barristers on the Oxford Circuit, 
and to other persons properly recommended, from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m! 
daily— the months of August and September, all Sundays, and some 
few other days being excepted. 



WARDENS. 

1437 Richard Andrew 

1443 Roger rXeyea 

1445 William Kele 

1459 William l'eteman 

1466 John StpkyH 

1494 ThomaB llobbys 

1503 "William Broke or Brook 

1524 John Coale 

1527 Robert Woodward 

1534 Roger Stokeley 

1536 Jul in Warner 

1556 Seth Holland 

1558 John Pope 

1558 John Warner again 

1565 Richard Barber 

1571 Robert Hoveden 



1614 Richard Moket 

lf.ls Richard Artley 

It slti Gilbert Sheldon 

164S John Palmer, alias Vaolx 

1660 Gilbert Sheldon restored 

1661 John Meredith 
1665 Thomas James 

1687 Hon. Leopold William Finch 
1702 Bernard Gardiner 
1726 Stephen Niblett 
1766 Hon. John Tracy 
1793 Edmund Isham 
1817 Hon. Edward Legge 
1827 Lewis Sneyd 
1858 Francis Knyvett Leighton 
1881 Sir William Reynell Anson, 
Bart. 



189 




X. ST. MARY MAGDALEN COLLEGE. 

This College was founded in 1458, by William of Waynflete, suc- 
cessively Head Master of Winchester and Eton Colleges, Provost of 
Eton, Bishop of Winchester, and sometime Lord High Chancellor of 
England, for a President, forty Fellows, thirty Scholars called Demies, 
a Schoolmaster, an Usher, four Chaplains, a Steward, an Organist, 
eight Clerks, and sixteen Choristers. Exhibitions, tenable by Demies 
and other members of the College, have been added at different times 
by various benefactors. 

Under the existing Statutes (made in 1882) the number of Fellow- 
ships within the College is to be not less than thirty nor greater. than 
forty. 

Of these Fellowships four are to be attached to the four Waynflete 
Professorships in the University, one to the Professorship of Botany, 
and one to the Professorship of Mineralogy. 

Other Fellowships, not exceeding eleven in number, may be held 
officially by persons holding the office of Dean of Divinity, Senior 
Dean of Arts, Bursar, or Tutor in the College. Of the remainder, 
which are tenable under certain conditions for seven years, two, as far 
as practicable, are to be filled up in every year ; and the examination 
for them is to be held in subjects connected with the studies of the 
University, special reference being had in the examination for one 
Fellowship, once at least in every three years, to excellence in The- 
ology, and in every seven years once at least to excellence in Mathe- 
matics, and once at least to excellence in Natural Science or 
Medicine. 

In addition to Senior Demyships not exceeding eight in number, to 
be held by members of the University who have passecl all the Examina- 
tions required for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts, the number of Junior 
Demyships is fixed at thirty, and the value of each is not to exceed 
£80 a-year. 

In every year elections to one or more Demyships are to take place 
with special reference to proficiency in one or more of the following 
subjects: Mathematics, Natural Science, Modern History and Litera- 
ture, or Modern Languages, if candidates sufficiently qualified in these 
subjects (who shall also satisfy the electors that they are otherwise fit 
to be members of the College) shall present themselves. 



190 



M.Ui DALES. 



The animal sum of £500 is to be applied by the College to the 
granting of Exhibitions of such amount, and for such periods, and to 
such persons, being in need of support at the University and otherwise 
deserving, whether members of the College or not, as the President and 
Fellows, or electors appointed by them for that purpose, shall think fit. 

The constitution of the Choir remains unaltered. 



PRESIDENTS. 
1 148 John Horley, <>r Bornley 
1 168 William Tybard 

1480 Richard Mayew 
1504 John Glaymond 
1516 John Hygden 
1525 Laurence Stubbs 
1528 Thomas Knolles 
1.",:'/. Owen Oglethorpe 

1552 Walter Haddon 

1553 Owen Oglethorpe again 
1555 Arthur Cole 

1558 Thomas Coveney 
laid Lawrence Humphrey 
1590 Nicholas Bond 
160S John Harding 
1610 William Langton 
1626 Accepted Frewen 
1644 John Oliver 



1648 John Wilkinson 
1650 Thomas Goodwyn 

1660 John Oliver restored 

1661 Thomas Pierce 
1672 Henry Clerk 
1687 John Hough 

1687 Samuel Parker 

1688 Bonaventure Gifford 
1688 John Hough restored 
1701 John Rogers 

1704 Thomas Bayley 

1706 Joseph Harwar 

1722 Edward Butler 

1745 Thomas Jenner 

1768 George Home 

1791 Martin Joseph Routh 

1855 Frederic Bulley 

1885 Thomas Herbert Warren. 



191 




XI. THE KING'S HALL AND COLLEGE OF BBASENOSE. 

Founded in 1509, by the joint benefaction of William Smith, 
Bishop of Lincoln, and Sir Eichard Sutton, Knight, of Prestbury, in 
Cheshire, for a Principal and twelve Fellows. 

Eight Fellowships were afterwards added ; viz. two by the Will of 
John Williamson, Eector of St. George's, Canterbury, in 1522 ; one by 
John Elton, alias Baker, Canon of Salisbury, in 1528 ; one by William 
Porter, Clerk, in 1541 ; one, in 1538, by Edward Darbie, Archdeacon 
of Stow ; one, in 1538, by William Clyfton, Sub-Dean of York ; one, 
in 1549, by Brian Higden, Dean of York ; one, in 1586, by Joyce 
Frankland, of London, widow. 

Scholarships and Exhibitions were added at different times by 
various benefactors ; the chief of whom are, John Claymond, D.D", 
President of Corpus Christ! College ; John Lord Mordaunt ; Alexander 
Nowell, Dean of St. Paul's ; Samuel Eadcliffe, D.D., Principal of the 
College ; Thomas Yate, D.D., Principal of the College ; William 
Grimbaldson, M.D. ; and Sarah, Duchess Dowager of Somerset, who 
founded eighteen Scholarships for persons educated at the Schools of 
Manchester, Marlborough, and Hereford, and also four Scholarships 
restricted to the first of the above-named Schools, all at present tenable 
for tive years, unless vacated by other preferment. In failure of candi- 
dates properly qualified from the Schools, these Scholarships are now 
opened to general competition. 

At least ,£'900 a-year is charged on the corporate revenues of the 
College for the endowment of Open Scholarships of the annual value 
of £'80, tenable in the first instance for two years and renewable for 
a like period. Their tenure may be extended under special circum- 
stances to a fifth year. 

William Hulme, Esq., of Kearsley, in the county of Lancaster, 
founded, in 1691, four Exhibitions, now increased to twenty under 
a scheme framed by the Charity Commissioners and approved by the 
Queen in Council, August 26, 1881. Twelve are called Junior Exhi- 
bitions, and are awarded after a competitive examination. They are 
of the annual value of ,£80, tenable in Brasenose College for four years, 
and open to Candidates of not more than twenty years of age. 



192 



BRASENOSE. 



Eight are called Senior Exhibitions, and are awarded in ordinary 

s, after competitive examination, to Members of the College who 

have resided for not less than six nor more than twelve Terms, and 

who have been placed in the Honour List at Moderations. Their 

annual value is to be ,£130, and they are tenable for four years. 

In 1842, three Exhibitions, called the Colquitt Clerical Exhibi- 
tions, were founded by the three Misses Colquitt, of Green Bank, in 
the county of Lancaster. These Exhibitions, which are of the value 
of £4:0 per annum, are intended to assist in the education for the 
Ministry in the Church of England, according to its Articles and 
Liturgy, of the sons of indigent or deceased Clergymen, or of such 
Laymen as cannot, unaided, support the expenses of a College educa- 
tion. Undergraduate Members of Brasenose, who have resided at least 
one Term, are eligible, and the Exhibitions are not tenable after four 
years from Matriculation. 

In 1875, an Open Classical Scholarship, of the value of £100 per 
annum, was founded by Mrs. Jane Robinson in memory of her brother 
the Eev. John Watson, M.A., sometime Fellow of the College. 



PRINCIPALS. 


1710 Robert Shippen 


1510 Matthew Smyth 


1745 Francis Yarborough 


1548 John Hawarden 


1770 William Gwyn 


1565 Thomas Blanchard 


1770 Palph Cawley 


1574 Richard Harry? 


1777 Thomas Barker 


1595 Alexander Xowell 


1785 William Cleaver 


1595 Thomas Singleton 


1809 Frodsham Hodson 


1614 Sanmel Badcliffe 


1822 Ashhurst Turner Gilbert 


1648 Thomas Yate 


1842 Richard Harington 


1648 Daniel Greenwood 


1853 Edward Hartopp Cradock 


1660 Thomas Yate restored 


1886 Albert Watsox. 


1681 John Meare 





193 




XII. COEPUS CHEISTI COLLEGE. 

This College was founded in the year 1516, by Richard Fox, Bishop 
of Winchester and Lord Privy Seal, for a President, three Professors 
(whose lectures were to be open to the University at large), twenty 
Fellows, twenty Scholars, two Chaplains, two Clerks and two Choristers. 
The Clerks and Choristers were subsequently designated Exhibitioners. 

When the provisions of the Statutes made by the University of 
Oxford Commissioners in 1881 have been fully carried out, it will con- 
sist of a President, five Professorial Fellows, five or six Official Fellows, 
three Extraordinary Fellows, fourteen Ordinary Fellows, and thirty-six 
Scholars. The Professorial Fellowships will be annexed respectively to 
the Chairs of Latin, Jurisprudence, Moral Philosophy, Comparative 
Philology, and the Eomance Languages. 

The College at present consists of a President, fourteen Fellows, two 
of whom are Professorial Fellows, and twenty-five Scholars. The pro- 
ceeds of one Fellowship are added to the stipend of the present Professor 
of Chinese. 

The Scholarships are of the annual value of ,£'80, and are tenable, 
under certain conditions, for four or five years from Matriculation. 

Exhibitions, instituted by the President and Fellows, are competed 
for from time to time by Commoners of the College. 





PRESIDENTS. 


1640 Robert Newlin 


1517 


John Claymond 


1648 Edmund Staunton 


1537 


Robert Morwent 


1660 Robert Newlin restored 


1558 


William Cheadsey 


16S8 Thomas Turner 


1559 


William Bocher, or Butcher 


1714 Basil Kennett 


1562 


Thomas Greneway 


1715 John Mather 


1568 


William Cole 


1748 Thomas Randolph 


1598 


John Rainolds 


1783 John Cooke 


1607 


John Spenser 


1823 Thomas Edward Bridges 


1614 


Thomas Anyan 


1843 James Norris 


1629 


John Holt 


1872 John Matthias Wilson 


1631 


Thomas Jackson 


1881 Thomas Fowleu. 



N 



194 




XIII. CHRIST CHURCH. 

This Society, founded originally by Cardinal Wolsey, Cardinal of 
St. Cecilia and Archbishop of York, on the site of the Priory of St. 
Frideswide, was to have consisted of a Dean, Sub-Dean, one hundred 
Canons, ten Public Readers, thirteen Chaplains, an Organist, twelve 
Clerks, and thirteen Choristers. 

This imperfect Foundation continued only from 1526 to 1529, when, 
before its completion, the Cardinal having fallen into disgrace, King 
Henry VIII. suspended the Foundation, which he re-established in 
1532, under the name of Henry the Eighth's College, for a Dean and 
twelve Canons. This was again suppressed in 1545 ; and in the year 
following the Episcopal See was removed from Osney to this College, 
and the Church of St. Frideswide was constituted a Cathedral, by the 
name of the Cathedral Church of Christ in Oxford, for the maintenance 
of a Dean, eight Canons, eight Chaplains, a Schoolmaster, an Organist, 
eight Clerks, and eight Choristers ; together with one hundred Stu- 
dents ; to which number one more was added in 1664, in consequence 
of a Benefaction from William Thurstone, Esq. 

The House is now governed by Statutes made by the University of 
Oxford Commissioners, which became law in 1882. 

Under these Statutes, there is a body of Students (equivalent to 
Fellows) who are divided into two classes, Official and Non-Official. 

There is also a body of Scholars. Of these, three are elected each 
year from Westminster School, and hold their places, in the first in- 
stance, for two years ; but at the end of this period their tenure may 
be extended for three years more if the Governing Body shall have 
declared itself satisfied with their industry and good conduct. 

There are also five or six Open Scholarships offered for competition 
every year, one at least for proficiency in Mathematics, one at least 
for proficiency in Natural Science, and one at least for proficiency in 
Modern History. These Scholars hold their places for two years ; but 
at the end of this period their tenure may be extended for a second 
term of two years if the Governing Body shall have declared itself 
satisfied with their industry and good conduct ; and again for a further 
term of one year, under similar conditions and for special reasons. 



CHRIST CHURCH. 



195 



Besides these, two Scholars are elected each year from among Under- 
graduate Members of the House who have been in residence for at least 
three Terms and have the leave of the Dean to compete. These 
Scholars hold their places, in the first instance, to the end of their 
sixteenth Term from Matriculation, but at the end of this period, 
under special circumstances, their tenure may be extended for one 
year more. 

All these Scholarships are of the annual value of i?80, inclusive of 
all allowances. 

In addition to these Scholarships the Governing Body may, if they 
think fit, award to any selected candidate for the Indian Civil Service 
a Scholarship tenable during residence with emoluments not exceeding 
,£50 a year : such Scholarships are never to exceed six at any one 
time. 

There are Open Exhibitions of ,£45 a-year, together with tuition 
and dinner free, tenable in the first instance for two years, at the end 
of which time they may be extended by the Governing Body in the 
same way and under the same conditions as the Open Scholarships ; 
and also Exhibitions of less amount. Candidates before being allowed 
to compete for these must satisfy the Dean that without such assistance 
they cannot maintain themselves at College. There is no other limi- 
tation. 

Four Fell Exhibitions of £4:0 a-year, tenable for four years during 
continuous residence, are filled up by competition among Commoners 
of the House who have resided not less than three Terms. 

The Slade Exhibition of ,£30 for one year is open to any not yet 
matriculated. 

The Careswell Exhibitions are filled up by examinations holden each 
year at either Shrewsbury School or one of five other Schools in Salop, 
and are tenable under certain conditions for ten years. The House 
awards four smaller College Exhibitions among the Careswell Exhibi- 
tioners if they are qualified under the conditions stated above for the 
Open Exhibitions. 



DEANS. 

1532 John Hygden, who had also been 

Dean of Cardinal Wolsey's 
foundation in 1524 

1533 John Oliver 
1546 Richard Coxe 
1553 Richard Martiall 
1559 George Carew 
1561 Thomas Sampson 
1565 Thomas Godwyn 
1567 Thomas Cowper 
1570 John Piers 

1576 TobyMathew 
1584 William James 
1594 Thomas Ravys 
1605 John King 
1611 William Goodwyn 
1620 Richard Corbet 
1629 Brian Duppa 
1638 Samuel Fell 



1648 Edward Reynolds 

1651 John Owen 

1660 Edward Reynolds again 

1660 JohnMorley 

1660 John Fell 

1686 JohnMaesey 

1689 Henry Aldrich 

1711 Francis Atterbury 

1713 George Smalridge 

1719 Hugh Boulter 

1724 William Bradshaw 

1733 John Conybeare 

1756 David Gregory 

1767 William Markham 

1777 Lewis Bagot 

1783 Cyril Jackson 

1809 Charles Henry Hall 

1824 Samuel Smith 

1831 Thomas Gaisford 

1855 Henby Geoiuje Liddell. 



N 2 



196 




XIV. TEINITY COLLEGE. 



This College was originally founded and endowed by Edward the 
Third, Richard the Second, and the Priors and Bishops of Durham. 
As it was under the patronage of the latter, it obtained the name of 
Durham College, though dedicated from the beginning to the Holy 
Trinity, Our Lady, and St. Cuthbert. 

Being merged with Religious Houses at the Reformation, it was 
suppressed ; and Sir Thomas Pope, Knt., of Tittenhanger in Hertford- 
shire, having purchased the site and buildings, began and endowed 
a new Foundation, in 1554, for a President, twelve Fellows, and 
twelve Scholars. The Fellowships and Scholarships (of which there 
may now be sixteen) are entirely open. 

There is also a Scholarship, nearly coeval with Sir Thomas Pope's 
foundation, founded by Richard Blount, Esq., of the city of London, 
who was connected by marriage with the Founder. The Henniker 
Scholarship was founded in the year 1867, by Aldborough Henniker, 
Esq., of Calcote, Somerset. 

An Exhibition, called the Unton Pension, was given by Thomas 
Unton, Clerk, of Drayton, in Shropshire, in 1693 ; a second, called the 
Tylney Exhibition, by Frederick Tylney, Esq., of the county of Hants, 
in the year 1720 ; and a third by Edward Cobden, D.D., Arch- 
deacon of London, in 1784. There are other Exhibitions in the gift 
of the College. 

In 1873 the College received a legacy under the Will of Thomas 
Millard, Esq., who directed the income to be applied so as to advance 
Mathematical and General Science in the College. 



PRESIDENTS. 

1556 Thomas Slythurst 
1559 Arthur Yeldard 
1599 Ralph Kettel 
1643 Hannibal Potter 
1648 Robert Harris 

1658 William Hawes 

1659 Seth Ward 

1660 Hannibal Potter restored 
1664 Ralph Bathurst 



1704 Thomas Svkes 

1706 William Dobson 

1731 George Huddesford 

1776 Joseph Chapman 

1808 Thomas Lee 

1824 James Ingram 

1850 John Wilson 

1866 Samuel William Wayte 

1878 John Pereival 

1887 Henry George Woods. 



197 




XV. ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE. 

This College was founded in 1555, by Sir Thomas White, Knt., 
Alderman of London. The original foundation consisted of a Presi- 
dent, fifty Fellows and Scholars, one Chaplain, an Organist, six Singing 
Men, eight Choristers, and two Sextons. 

Under the Statutes made by the University of Oxford Commissioners 
of 1877, the foundation will hereafter consist of — 

1. Not less than fourteen nor more than eighteen Fellowships, of 
which seven may be Official Fellowships, the rest tenable for seven 
years. To these may, at future times, be added two ex officio Fellow- 
ships, to be held by the Laudian Professor of Arabic and the Professor 
of Mechanics and Civil Engineering. 

2. Not less than twenty-eight Scholarships, of which six shall be 
open, fifteen appropriated to Merchant Taylors' School, two to Coventry 
School, two to Bristol School, two to Eeading School, and one to 
Tunbridge School. 

3. Four Senior Scholarships, also confined to former pupils of 
Merchant Taylors' School. 

There is also one Open Scholarship, created from the estate of William 
Lambe by Statute 35 & 36 Yict. c. cliv. 

In 1854, four Fellowships tenable for fourteen years were established 
in this College in pursuance of the Will of Dudley Fereday, Esq., of 
Ettingshall Park, Staffordshire. They are open, with certain limita- 
tions and under certain conditions in respect of literary proficiency, first, 
to the kindred of the Founder ; secondly, to natives of Staffordshire ; and 
in case of a Founder's kin or Staffordshire candidate not satisfying the 
conditions, then to any other person whatsoever. 

Under the Will of the Rev. John Thomas Casberd, D.C.L., Prebendary 
of Llandaff, four Scholarships were founded, each of the value of 
,£80 per annum. Candidates to be Undergraduates not on any founda- 
tion, of at least one year's standing in the College. 



198 



ST. JOHN S. 



PRESIDENTS. 

1555 Alexander Belsire 

15.7.) William Klye 

1563 William Stocke, or Stocker 

1564 John Robinson 
1672 Toby Mathew 
ir.77 Francis Wvllis 
1890 Ralph Entchenson 
1605 John Buekeridge 
1611 William Laud 
1621 William Juxon 
1633 Richard Baylie 
1648 Francis Cheynell 



1650 Thankful or Gracious Owen 

1660 Richard Baylie restored 

1667 Peter Mews, or Meaux 

1673 William Levinz 

16i JS William Delaune 

1728 William Holmes 

1748 William Derham 

1757 William Walker 

1757 Thomas Fry 

1772 Samuel Dennis 

1795 Michael Marlow 

1828 Philip Wynter 

1871 James Bellamy. 



199 




XVI. JESUS COLLEGE. 

Founded by Queen Elizabeth, in 1571, on the petition of Hugh 
Price, LL.D., Treasurer of St. David's, who left lands for the mainten- 
ance of a Principal, eight Fellows, and eight Scholars : it was increased 
by different Benefactors, so that the Society consisted of a Principal, 
nineteen Fellows, and eighteen Scholars. 

The College now consists of a Principal and not fewer than ten nor 
more than fourteen Fellows. 

In the elections to Non-official Fellowships, unless one-half of the 
whole number of Fellows would have been eligible under the terms 
of the following restrictions, no person is eligible unless he be a native 
of Wales or Monmouthshire, or has been a Welsh Scholar of Jesus 
College, or, having been at the time of his Matriculation eligible to a 
Welsh Scholarship, has been for the eight Terms preceding his Degree 
of Bachelor of Arts a member of the College. 

There are twenty-four Foundation Scholarships, of which twelve are 
open without restriction as to place of birth. There are also four 
Meyricke Scholarships, and one King Charles the First's Scholarship, 
and about sixteen Meyricke Exhibitions, and two King Charles the 
First's Exhibitions. 

The King Charles the First's Scholarship and Exhibitions are re- 
stricted to Candidates born in Jersey or Guernsey or one of the islands 
adjacent to them, or educated for two out of the three years last 
preceding the election either at Victoria College, Jersey, or Elizabeth 
College, Guernsey. 

The other Scholarships and the Meyricke Scholarships and Exhibi- 
tions are restricted to candidates who are either (1) natives of Wales 
or Monmouthshire ; or (2) sons of parents who have been resident in 
Wales or Monmouthshire for a period of not less than seven years im- 
mediately preceding the day of election ; or (3) have a knowledge of 
and are able to speak the Welsh language ; or (4) have been educated 
for the three years last preceding the election (or last preceding their 
Matriculation if already Members of the University) at a school or 
schools in Wales or Monmouthshire ; if any such person be found of 



200 



jests. 



sufficient merit, and fit to be a Scholar or Exhibitioner of the College 
in the judgment of the electors. There is also an Exhibition founded 
by subscription in memory of Mr. Assheton Smith, limited to natives 
of Carnarvonshire ; and another founded by Mr. Thomas Phillips, for 
a pupil from Llandovery School. 

The Foundation Scholarships are open only to Candidates under 
nineteen years of age. There is no restriction as to age for candi- 
dates for the other Scholarships or for Exhibitions. 

Exhibitions of variable amount and tenure, for the assistance of such 
members of the College receiving instruction under the direction of 
the College as the Principal and Fellows may deem to be in need of 
assistance at the University, are under no farther restrictions. 

The value of a Scholarship is £S0 a-year and of an Exhibition ,£50. 



PRINCIPALS. 

1571 David Lewes 

1572 Griffith or Griffin Lloyd 
1586 Francis Bevana 

1602 John Williams 

1613 Griffith Powell 

1620 Francis Mansell 

1621 Sir Enhule Thelwall 
1630 Francis Mansell again 
1648 Michael Roberts 
1657 Francis Howell 

1660 Francis Mansell restored 

1661 Leoline Jenkins 



1673 John Lloyd 

1686 Jonathan Edwards 

1712 John Wynne 

1720 William Jones 

1725 Eubule Thelwall 

1727 Thomas Pardo 

1763 Humphrey Owen 

1768 Joseph Hoare 

1802 David Hughes 

1817 Henry Foulkes 

1857 Charles Williams 

1877 Hugo Daniel Harper. 



201 




XVII. WADHAM COLLEGE. 

Founded by Nicholas Wadham, of Merifield in the county of 
Somerset, Esquire, and Dorothy his wife, daughter of Sir William 
Petre, to be a College of Students "ad laudem gloriam et honorem 
Omnipotentis Dei, bonarum literarum incrementum, ac communem 
hujus regni utilitatem." 

The Society was founded in 1612, under Letters Patent granted by 
King James I, and consisted originally of a Warden, fifteen Fellows, 
fifteen Scholars, two Chaplains, and two Clerks. Under the present 
Statutes, which were approved by the Queen in Council on May 3, 
1882, there are to be not less than eight or more than ten Fellowships, 
inclusive of one held by the Professor of Experimental Philosophy, 
and of one for the encouragement of the study of Medicine, on the 
foundation of John Wills, D.D., Warden 1788-1806. 

There are eighteen Scholarships, including five on the foundation of 
Humphrey Hody, D.D., Regius Professor of Greek 1698-1707, and 
sometime Fellow. 

The election to two of Dr. Hody's Scholarships is made after an ex- 
amination in the Hebrew language and literature, and in the election 
to the other three special regard is to be had to knowledge of Greek. 

The Scholarships are of the value of ,£80 a-year. They are tenable 
in the first instance for two years, but in the case of all Scholars whose 
conduct and industry are satisfactory this term is prolonged to four 
years, to which for special reasons a fifth may be added. Candidates 
for Scholarships must be under nineteen years of age on the day of 
election, except in the case of Dr. Hody's Scholarships for Hebrew, 
for which the limit of age is twenty. 

The election of Fellows takes place on the Wednesday after the 
Encaenia ; the election of Scholars on the sixth of December. 

From the income of Dr. Hody's fund prizes are to be given within 
the College on such conditions as the Warden and Fellows may deter- 
mine, for proficiency in the Greek language and literature, or in Greek 
Archaeology. 

There is a general Exhibition fund, formed from the funds given for 



202 



WADHAM. 



Exhibitions by Mr. Goodridge, Mr. Pigot, Sir Benjamin Maddox, 
liishop Lisle as Executor to Mr. Somerscales, ]\Ir. Warner, and Dr. 
Gerard, with the residue of the income of Dr. Hody's Benefaction. 

There are also two Exhibitions for Scholars of the Manchester 
Grammar School, founded in 1874 by the executors of Mr. Philip 
Wright of Manchester; and one for a Commoner of the College, 
founded in 1877 by the will of Benjamin Parsons Symons, D.D., 
Warden 1831-71. 



WARDENS. 

1613 Robert Wripht 

1613 John Flemmvng 

1617 William Smyth 

1635 Daniel Escott or Estcote 

1644 JohnPvtt 

1648 John Wilkins 

1659 Walter Blandford 

1665 Gilbert Ironside 

1689 Thomas Dunster 



1719 William Baker 

1724 Robert Thistlethwayte 

1739 Samuel Lisle 

1744 George Wyndham 

1777 James Gerard 

1783 John Wills 

1806 William Tournay 

1831 Benjamin Parsons Symons 

1871 John Griffiths 

1881 George Earlam Thorley. 



203 



XVIII. PEMBEOKE COLLEGE. 

This College, originally Broadgates Hall, was founded in the year 
1624, by King James the First, at the costs and charges of Thomas 
Tesdale, Esquire, of Glympton in Oxfordshire, and Bichard Wight- 
wick, B.D., Eector of Ilsley, Berks, for a Master, ten Fellows, and ten 
Scholars, or more or fewer ; and obtained its name from William 
Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, who was Chancellor of the University 
when it was founded. 

Subsequent Benefactors were, King Charles I., Sir John Benet, 
afterwards Lord Ossulstone, Sir John Phillips, Bart., Francis Wight- 
wick, Esq., Mrs. Sophia Sheppard, Dame Juliana Stafford, the 
Eeverend William Oades, George Townsend, Esq., the Eight Eeverend 
George Morley, sometime Lord Bishop of Winchester, Francis Eous, 
Esq., sometime Provost of Eton College, Edmund Boulter, Esq., Dame 
Elizabeth Holford, Dr. Eatcliffe, sometime Master of the College, the 
Eeverend William Phipps, M.A., sometime Scholar, and the Eeverend 
Christopher Cleoburey, sometime Fellow. 

A Scholarship was founded by subscription in 1861 in grateful com- 
memoration of the Eeverend Thomas Frederick Henney, M.A., for 
many years Vice-Gerent and Tutor of the College. 

Queen Anne annexed a Canonry of Gloucester to the Mastership for 
ever. 

The constitution of the College by Statutes of the Commissioners 
made in pursuance of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge Act, 
1877, is now as follows : — 

The College is to consist of a Master, of not less than ten Fellows, 
and of not less than twelve Scholars. 

Two of the Fellows are styled Sheppard Fellows. Of these, one is 
to be called to the Bar, and the other is to proceed to the degree 
of D.M. 

There are at present twenty-two Scholarships, all of which are 
tenable for four years, with the exception of the Townsend Scholar- 
ships, which are tenable for eight years ; the holders, however, sharing 
in the emoluments during four years only. 



204 



PEMBROKE. 



PRINCIPALS OF BROADGATES 

II ALL. 

I486 William Wytham 

1443 .Ttilin Atkvnson 

1443 Robert Halle 

ill:; William Selby 

1 145 Thomas Tango, or Tonge 

1 117 Robert Baberforth 

L460 William Lvster 

1453 Robert TopclyfF 

1458 Tliomas Walton 

* * * * 

1503 Roger Sandford 
1505 Brian llygden 
1508 Sc(il>vl 

1511 John Noble 

* * * * 

1537 John Story 
1542 Thomas Yonge 
1546 Robert Weston 
1549 Thomas Randolph 



1556 ? JameB Gervays 

* * * * 

1619 John Budden 

1620 Tliomas Clayton 

MASTERS OF PEMBROKE 
COLLEGE. 
1624 Thomas Clayton 
1647 Henry Wightwick 
1647 Henry Langley 
1660 Henry Wightwick restored 
1664 John Hall 
1709 ( "ol well Briekenden 
1711 Matthew Panting 
1738 John Ratcliffe 
1775 William Adams 
17.^.1 William Sergrove 
17% John Smith 
1809 George William Hall 
1843 Francis Jeune 
1864 Evan Evans. 



205 




XIX. WORCESTER COLLEGE. 



This College, established in 1283 as a School for Benedictine monks 
under the name of Gloucester Hall * or College, received its charter ot 
incorporation in 1714 as a foundation for a Provost, six Fellows, and 
six Scholars, under the Will of Sir Thomas Cookes, Bart. It has been 
further endowed by subsequent Benefactors, Mrs. Sarah Eaton, Dr. Clarke, 
Dr. Finney, Lady Holford, Mr. Kay, and Mr. Barnes. 

Under the Statutes of 1882 the College will consist of a Provost, nine 
(or ten) Fellows, and nineteen Scholars : of the Scholarships five are 
on the Foundation of Sir Thomas Cookes, for persons educated at 
Bromsgrove School ; four on that of Mrs. Eaton, for sons of Clergymen 
of the Church of England, or of some Church in communion therewith, 
needing assistance at the University ; the remainder are open ; namely, 
one on the Foundation of Dr. Finney ; five on that of Dr. Clarke ; one 
on that of Mr. Barnes, of the value of <£120, for the encouragement of 
Biblical studies ; and three others. 

There are also several Exhibitions, of which two are connected with 
the Charterhouse School, and three with Bromsgrove School. 



PRINCIPALS OF ST. JOHN BAP- 
TIST'S HALL, COMMONLY CALLED 

GLOUCESTER HALL. 

1560 William Stocke, or Stocker 

1563 Thomas Palmer 

1564 William Stocke again 
1576 Hemy Russell 

Christopher Bagshaw 
1581 John Delabere 
1593 JohnHawley 
1626 DeporyWhear 
1647 Tobias Garbrand, alias Herks 
1660 JohnMaplet 



1662 Byrom Eaton 

1692 Benjamin AYoodroffe 

1712 Richard Blechynden 

PROVOSTS OF WORCESTER 

COLLEGE. 

1714 Richard Blechynden 

1736 William Gower 

1777 William Sheffield 

1795 Whittington Landon 

1839 Richard Lynch Cotton 

1881 William Inge. 



1 Gloucester Hall was founded in the year 1283, for the use of the Benedictine Monks 
of the Monastery of St. Peter in Gloucester. Several additional Buildings were after- 
wards added by the Monks of that order, in different parts of Enpland, for the edifi- 
cation of those of their own Societies. After the dissolution of Monasteries, in the 
time of Henry VIII, on making Oxford a See, it was converted into the Episcopal 
Palace ; but in the year l r >. r >9, it was purchased by Sir Thomas White, the Founder of 
St. John's College, who gave it the name of " St. John Baptist Hall," though it was more 
generally called " Gloucester Hall." 



206 




XX. KEBLE COLLEGE. 

The College was built by subscription as a memorial to the late 
Eev. John Keble, Vicar of Hursley, near Winchester, sometime Fellow 
and Tutor of Oriel College, and Professor of Poetry in the University 
of Oxford. The College was incorporated by Eoyal Charter bearing 
date June 6, 1870, and by this Charter it is declared to be " founded 
and constituted with the especial object and intent of providing persons 
desirous of academical education, and willing to live economically, with 
a College wherein sober living and high culture of the mind may be 
combined with Christian training based upon the principles of the 
Church of England." 

The College is governed by a Warden and a Council of not less than 
nine, nor more than twelve, members. The whole charge and super- 
intendence of the discipline and internal administration is lodged by 
the Charter in the hands of the Warden. 

By a decree of Convocation, passed April 18, 1871, this College was 
admitted to the privileges mentioned in Statt. Tit. II. Sect, vi, On the 
Foundations for Academical Study and Education. 

WAEDEN. 

1870 Edward Stuart Talbot. 



207 




XXI. HERTFORD COLLEGE. 

About the year 1282 Elias de Hertford converted into a Hall for 
students certain premises in Oxford, which were thereafter known by 
the name of Hertford, Hert, or Hart Hall. 

In 1740, Dr. Richard Newton, then Principal of Hart Hall, obtained 
a charter of incorporation for the Society, under the title of" The Prin- 
cipal and Fellows of Hertford College, in the University of Oxford;" 
but, the endowments proving insufficient, the College was in consequence 
dissolved hi 1805. A part of the property of the dissolved College was 
transferred to the University, and the Hertford Scholarship was endowed 
therefrom. The remainder was transferred to Magdalen Hall under the 
following circumstances. 

Magdalen Hall, originally designed by Bishop Waynflete for students 
previously to their admission into Magdalen College, and governed by one 
of the Fellows of that College, became, in 1602, an independent Hall. 
In 1816, the President and Fellows of Magdalen College, being desirous 
of recovering the site of the Hall, obtained an Act of Parliament 
(56 Geo. Ill, c. 136), enabling them to acquire for Magdalen Hall the 
site and buildings previously occupied by Hertford College. The 
Principal and other Members of the Hall were accordingly removed to 
these premises in 1822, and received, as stated above, the residue of the 
property formerly held by Hertford College. 

In 1874, an Act was passed (37 & 38 Vict. c. 55), by which Magdalen 
Hall was dissolved, and the Principal and Scholars thereof were, to- 
gether with certain Fellows mentioned in the Act, incorporated as 
a College of the University of Oxford under the name of " The Prin- 
cipal, Fellows, and Scholars of Hertford College, in the University of 
Oxford," and invested with " all such rights and privileges as are 
possessed or enjoyed or can be exercised by other Colleges in the University 
of Oxford^ 

This Society consists at present of a Principal appointed by the Chan- 
cellor of the University, nineteen Fellows, and forty Scholars. 

The new Foundation consists of an endowment for fifteen Fellow- 



208 



TTKTITFORD. 



Bhips, thirty Scholarships, and sundry Lectureships. There are also 
(besides bo anendowed Fellowship) two Fellowships tenable only by 
married men for a limited onmber of years. The thirty Scholarships 
are of the annual valne of ,£100, and tenable for five years. Most of 
them are open. 

Of the ten Scholarships formerly belonging to the dissolved Magdalen 
Hall, and tenable for at leasl three years, four founded by the Rev. John 
ftfeeke and two by the Rev. William Lucy are now of the annual value 
of ,£40, and are limited in the first instance to persons educated at the 
Free Grammar School of Worcester and Hampton Lucy School respect- 
ively, but in the absence of qualified candidates from these .School- 
art- thrown open to general competition. The other four, three founded 
by Mr. Henry Lusby and one as a memorial of Dr. Macbride, late Prin- 
cipal of Magdalen Hall, are open, and worth at least ^50 a year. 

There are also two Exhibitions, founded respectively by Dr. Thomas 
White and Dr. Henry Brunsell, in the gift of the Principal. 



PRINCIPALS OF HERT HALL. 
1360 Nicholas Hawe 
1378 Richard de Tonworthe 
1381 Nicholas de Wykeham 
1384 Thomas de Cranleigh. or Cranley 
1387 John Walter 
13KS William Ware 
1391 John Wryngton 

1397 John Wytnam 

1398 Thomas "Tenkelden 

1399 Thomas Turke 

J4(il John Wyte, or AVhyte 

1405 Thomas Morant, or Moronde 

1407 John Stone 

1408 John Green 

1410 Simon Je Writer 

1411 William Andrew 

1412 Gilbert Kymer, or Kemer 
1414 William Payne 

1416 William More 
1420 William Prentys 

1425 John Gorsvch 

1426 JohnHeyth 

1426 Richard Here, or Hery 

1428 John Hevth, junior 

1436 Michael Trewvnard 

1438 John Westlake 

1441 Robert Carew 

1443 Michael Trewynard again 

1443 William Sende 

1445 John Andrew 

1448 Walter Windsore 

1451 John Treganson 

1463 William Snmmayster 

1465 John Fermour 

1468 Richard Mayoh 

1472 John Harrow 

1478 Walter Cawse 

1482 James Babbe 

1486 Walter Cawse again 

1488 Richard Panter 



1495 Trott 

1496 William Glover 

1501 John Rngge 
1503 William Ewen 
1506 John Parkhouse 
1510 Thomas Mede 
1514 Thomas Irysh 
1522 John Moreman 
1527 JohnWhyte 
1535 John Frenche 

1541 Rosier Bromhall, or Bromolde 

1544 William More 

1546 Thomas Vyvian 

1550 Philip Rondell 

1599 John Eveleigh 

1604 Theodore Price 

1622 Thomas lies 

1633 Philip Parsons 

1054 Philip Stephens 

1660 Timothy Baldwyn 

1663 John Lamphire 

1688 William Thornton 

1707 Thomas Smith 

1710 Richard Newton 

PRINCIPALS OF HERTFORD 
COLLEGE. 

1740 Richard Newton 

1753 William Sharp 

1757 David Dnrell 

1775 Bernard Hodgson, on whose death 
in 1805 the College of Dr. 
Newton's foundation was dis- 
solved. 

PRINCIPALS OF ST. MARY 
MAGDALEN HALL. 

Richard Barnes 
1487 Richard Gotynden 
1499 Edward Grove 

1502 John Stokesley 



HERTFORD. 



209 



1505 John Longland 

1507 William Ha sard, or Azard 

1509 Richard Stokes 

1511 JohnCaley 

1526 Henry Wystyng, or Whytyng 

1529 Robert Parkhoiwe 

1529 Christopher Rookes 

1532 John Bulges 

1536 John Green 

1537 Richard Engest 

1541 Simon Parret, or Perrot 

1550 John Redman 

1553 Thomas Coveney 

1558 Adrian Hawthorne 

1567 Robert Lyster 

1602 James Hussey 

1605 John Wilkinson 

1643 Thomas Read 

1646 John Wilkinson restored 



1648 Henry Wilkinson, junior 

1662 James Hvde 

1681 William Levet 

1694 Richard Adams 

1716 Digby Cotes 

1745 William Denison 

1755 William Denison, junior 

1786 Matthew Lamb 

1788 Henry Ford 

1813 John David Macbride 

1868 Richard Michell, who in 1874 
became Principal of Hertford 
College, and died in 1877. 

PRINCIPALS OF HERTFORD 

COLLEGE AS RECONSTITITKI" in 

1874. 
1874 Richard Michell 
1877 Henry Boyd. 







210 



HALLS 1 . 



The Academical Halls now existing in Oxford are mansions for the 
reception of students, who live in them under discipline and instruc- 
tion, and pass through the course of study to their several degrees, 
precisely in the same way as other students who reside in Colleges. 
But the term " Hall" implies also the society of students belonging to 
each ; and in this sense there is a very important difference be- 
tween Halls and Colleges, inasmuch as Halls are not corporate bodies, 
and have no endowments for Fellows, and all the property which they 
own is held in trust for them by the University. In each of the Halls 
now remaining some provision for the Principals has been made by 
Benefactors ; and in one a few Exhibitions or Scholarships have been 
founded. 

In early times students resorting to Oxford took up their abode in 
lodging-houses, generally called Halls, under the charge of a Master 
or Principal chosen by themselves ; and they removed from one Hall 
to another at their pleasure. The number of such Halls on record is 
so great that we must suppose that very many of them were very 
small. Brian Twyne, at the end of his Apologia, has given the names 
of more than 180; and Sir John Peshall, from "Wood's MSS., enu- 
merates as many as 200. But Colleges gradually took the place of all 
the smallest, partly by the actual occupation of their sites, principally 
by offering better instruction and other advantages to students ; so 
that when the Earl of Leicester was Chancellor, in the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth, there were but eight remaining open ; and three of these 
were subsequently converted into Colleges. 

Among the many steps taken by Lord Leicester for the restoration 
of good order and discipline in the University there are two which 
tended to assimilate Halls to Colleges in most things concerning the 
residence of students within them. He secured for himself and his 
successors the right of appointing Principals to all Halls, except one 
in the gift of Queen's College ; and he caused an ancient Statute to be 
put in force, which required that every student should belong to, and 
should reside within the walls of, some College or Hall. The modifi- 
cation of that Statute in 1855 by the institution of Private Halls, and 
the removal of its restrictions in 1868, have been already mentioned at 
page 34, and will be further spoken of at page 216. 

1 Although, under Statutes made hy the University Commissioners of 1877, the two 
Halls now remaining are, with a partial exception in the case of St. Edmund Hall, 
destined to be ultimately absorbed into Colleges, this article is retained as being 
generally applicable to the condition of the Halls at the time of publication. 



HALLS. 211 

The Heads of Halls are styled " Principals." In St, Edmund Hall, 
the appointment of the Principal is made l>y the Provost and Fellows 
of Queen's College, the Principals of the others were appointed by 
the Chancellor of the University, who is the Visitor of all the Halls. 
Halls are governed by the Statute Aularia, a code of regulations printed" 
in the Statute Book, which were made originally by the University, 
and have been amended from time to time by Convocation. The 
Principal of each Hall is assisted in the exercise of discipline and 
in his other duties by a Vice-Principal and other Officers (when 
necessary), who are appointed by himself. 

Under Statutes made by the University Commissioners of 1877, 
St. Mary Hall will ultimately become united to Oriel College, and 
St. Edmund Hall will be partially united to Queen's College. 



v2 



212 



ST. MARY HALL. 

This Hall was originally a tenement on the present site, given by 
Henry Kelpe, a citizen of Oxford, in 1239, to the Rector of St. Mary's 
Church, and his successors. It continued to be the Parsonage-house 
of the Rectors till Edward II, in 1325, gave the Church with all its 
appurtenances to Oriel College. It was converted by that Society, in 
1333, into a separate place of education, and subsequently became an 
independent Academical Hall, receiving successive enlargement and 
improvements in its buildings, principally at the expense of former 
Principals, King, Nowell, Dean, and Hampden. 

Thomas Nowell, D.D., formerly Principal of the Hall, left, by Will, 
certain shares in the Oxford Canal Navigation, for founding an Exhi- 
bition at the Hall, and for other purposes therein mentioned. The 
Exhibition is now of the value of ^30 per annum, and tenable for 
four years from Matriculation ; preference being given first to kin of 
the Founder or of his Wife, then to the lawful descendants of the 
Rev. John Rawbone (sometime Vice-Principal of St. Mary Hall) by 
Jane Mary his wife. 



PRINCIPALS. 


1556 


William Allyn, Allen, or Alan 


1436 William Croten 


1560 


John Raw 


1438 -'Henry Sampson 


1565 


John Horlock 


1445 Eicliard Wvlcver 


1570 


Richard Pypott 


1450 John Smyth 


1578 


Thomas Philipson 


1452 Henry Popy 


1587 


George Dale 


1458 Thomas Pan's 


1591 


Ralph Braddyll 


14 ti'.i Thomas Sadler 


1632 


John Saunders 


* * * * 


1644 


Nicholas Brookes 


1499 JohnTaylour 


1656 


Thomas Cole 


1502 Richard Yau^rhan 


1660 


Martin Lluellin 


1502 Richard Dudley 


1664 


Joseph Crowther 


15D6 Thomas Heretage, or Eritage 


1690 


William Wyatt 


1511 William Brooke 


1712 


John Hudson 


1523 Richard Lorgan 


1719 


William King 


1530 Rohert James 


1764 


Thomas Novell 


1532 John Rixman 


1801 


Phineas Pett 


1,537 William Pye 


1815 


John Dean 


1543 Anthony Albon 


1833 


Renn Dickson Hampden 


1547 Morgan Philipps 


1848 


Philip Bliss 


1550 William Northfolke 


1857 


Drummond Percy Chase. 


1553 William Woode 







ST. MARY MAGDALEN HALL. 

See under Hertford College, page 208. 



213 



NEW INN HALL. 

This Hall, situate on the west side of the North Bailey, was for- 
merly known by the name of Trilleck's Inn, from the circumstance of 
its belonging to John Trilleck, Bishop of Hereford. Trilleck dying 
intestate in 1360, it became, together with two other tenements ad- 
joining, the property of his brother Thomas, who six years after (he 
being then Bishop of Rochester) conveyed them to Mr. Hugh Pern- 
bridge, Mr. Boger Otterey, and Walter Brown, Bector of the Church 
of St. Magnus, in London ; and they to William of Wykehain, Bishop 
of Winchester. William of Wykeham gave them, Avith three gardens, 
adjoining on the west side, also a messuage called Bose Hall, and a 
garden adjoining, to the Warden and Fellows of New College, in 1392. 
The first Principal on record occurs in 1438. 

In the time of the civil war, from 1642 to 1646, this Hall was used 
as a mint for Charles I, to which the different Colleges and Halls sent 
their plate to be melted down for His Majesty's use. 

It was restored to the purposes of Academical instruction by Dr. 
Cramer, Principal, afterwards Dean of Carlisle, w T ho erected, at his 
own expense, a handsome building, with suitable offices, for the recep- 
tion of students. A Chapel was added in 1868 by Dr. Cornish, Prin- 
cipal from 1866 to 1887. 



PEINCIPALS. 


1570 Eichard Bray 


1438 William Freman 


1571 Felix Lewes 


1444 Jeffrey or Griffith Eberiow 


1575 Eobert Lougher again 


1445 "William Wytney 


1580 Daniel Dunne 


1457 Philip Bergavenny, or Abergey- 


1581 Edmund or Edward Price 


ney 


1584 John Estmond 


1461 Walter Pavy 


1585 Francis Bevans 


1462 Edward Hanyngton 


1586 Eobert Crayiie 


1468 Laurence Cocks 


1592 John Farrer 


1469 Denis Hogan 


1609 JohnBudden 


1469 Philip Welsh 


1619 Charles Twvsden 


1484 John Lychfeild 


1622 Eobert Lodington 


1490 Richard Carpenter 


1626 Christopher Eogers 


1497 Powtrell 


1644 Christopher Prior 


1499 Eichard or Robert Bond 


1646 Christopher Eogers again 


1500 Christopher Wardall, or War- 


1662 John Lamphire 


thiall 


1663 William Stone 


1504 Eichard Salter 


1684 Thomas Bayley 


1506 John Lacy 


1709 John Brabourne 


1510 William Balborow 


1726 George Wigan 


1514 John Worthiall 


1732 De Blossiers Tovey 


1520 John Payne 


1745 William Walker 


1528 Eoger Carew 


1761 William Blackstone 


1529 Thomas Barrett 


1766 Eobert Chambers 


1529 HenrvWi^ht 


1803 James Blackstone 


1530 William Eoberts 


1831 John Antony Cramer 


1534 Rowland Merick 


1847 Henry Wellesley 


1535 William Eoberts again 


1866 Henry Hubert Cornish, on whose 


1542 Richard Eichardson 


decease in ls s 7, the Hall, by 


1545 David Lewes 


virtue of a statute made by the 


1548 John Gybbcns 


University Commissioners in 


1550 William Aubrey 


1881,became completely united 


1561 John Griffith 


with Balliol College. 


1564 Eobert Lougher, or Luffer 





214 



ST. ALBAN HALL. 



This Hall took its name from Robert tie St. Alban, a citizen of 
Oxford, who conveyed the tenement to the nuns at Littlemore, near 
I >xford, in 1230. On the dissolution of Littlemore nunnery, it was 
•rivi-ii by Henry VIII. to George Owen, D.M., Physician to the King, 
and Fellow of Merton College, who conveyed it to Sir John Williams 
(afterwards Lord Williams of Thame) and Sir John Gresham. By 
permission of Edward VI. they assigned it over to John Pollard and 
Robert Perrot, Esqrs., in 1547, by whom it was finally transferred to 
the Warden and Fellows of Merton College, and was some time after 
established as an Academical Hall. 



PRINCIPALS. 


1567 Arthur Atye 


1437 Roeer Martin 




Richard Radclyffe 


1439 Robert Ashe 


1599 


Robert Masters 


1444 John Gygur 


1603 


Henry Masters 


1450 William Shyrefe 


1614 


Anthony Morgan 


1452 "William Ronisev 


1621 


Richard Parker 


1468 Thomas Danet 


1624 


Edward Chaloner 


1477 Richard Fitzjames 


1625 


Richard Zouch 


Thomas Lynley 


1661 


Giles Sweit 


Robert Gosbourne 


1664 


Thomas Lamplugh 


Ralph Hamsterley 


1673 


Narcissus Marsh 


1501 Hugh Saunders, alias Shakspeere 


1679 


Thomas Bouchier 


1503 John Forster 


1723 


James Bouchier 


1507 John Beverstone 


1736 


Robert Leyborne 


1507 "William Bysse 


1759 


Francis Randolph 


1509 Richard Walker 


1797 


Thomas Winstanley 


1510 John Pokyswell, or Poxwell 


1823 


Peter Elmsley 


1514 John Hoper 


1825 


Richard Whately 


Simon Balle 


1831 


Edward Cardwell 


1527 "Walter Buckler 


1861 


William Charles Salter, on whose 


1530 Robert Tailer 




resignation in 1882, the Hall, 


1532 William Pedvll 




by virtue of a Statute made 


1535 Robert Huvck 




by the University Commis- 


1536 Richard Smyth 
1539 Humphrey Bumeford 




sioners in 1881, became com- 




pletely united with Merton 


1543 John Estwyck 




College. 


1547 William Marshall 







215 



ST. EDMUND HALL. 



St. Edmund Hall is said to derive its name from St. Edmund, 
Archbishop of Canterbury in the reign of Henry III. 

It appears to have been purchased in the year 12G9 by the Canons 
of Osney, and soon afterwards devoted by them to the purposes of Aca- 
demical instruction. The earliest Principals on record are William 
Boys and John de Cornubia, the latter of whom was Principal in the 
year 1317. After the dissolution of religious houses, it was granted by 
Henry VIII. to two citizens of Oxford, through whom it came, by 
purchase, into the possession of William Denyse (sometimes written 
Devenysh, or Dennyson), Provost of Queen's College. It was by him 
devised, in 1557, to Queen's College, which Society procured, a.d. 
1559, an Act of Congregation, confirmed by the Chancellor, which 
vested in them the perpetual right of nominating the Principal. 

In 1763, George Holme, D.D., sometime Fellow of Queen's College, 
and Eector of Hedleigh, Hants, bequeathed the sum of ,£1000 to the 
University, in trust to apply it, with accumulated interest, to the pur- 
chase of the Advow T son of a Living, to which the Principal of St. Ed- 
mund Hall should be presented. In 1821 the Advowson of Gatcombe 
was purchased, to which the University first presented in 1844. 

Members of this Hall are admitted to any of the Lectures given in 
Queen's College. 



PRINCIPALS. 

1317 John de Cornubia 

1319 Robert Luc de Cornubia 

1325 JohndeBere 

1351 Thorp 

1381 William Hamsterley 

1385 Edward Upton 

1390 William Taylour 

1390 Henricus Presbyter, or Circester 

1399 Henry Eumworth 

1408 Henry Bermingdon, or Berming- 

ham 
1410 Peter Gierke, alias Payne 
1414 John Derley, Darley, or Derling 
1434 William Bryton 
1438 John Thamys, or Themys 
1401 Thomas Lee, or Leigh 
1478 Richard Broke 
1499 Humphrey Wystow 
1501 Thomas Cawse 
1503 William Patynson 
1505 Christopher Fallowfield 
1508 John Pyttys 
1520 John Cuthbertson 
1528 Myles Brathwayte 
1530 William Robertson 
1538 Ottewell Toppyng 



1540 Thomas Peyrson 
1546 Ralph Rudde 
1564 John Lancaster 

1569 Nicholas Cooke 

1570 Nicholas Pullen 
1572 Philip Johnson 
1576 Henry Robinson 
1581 Thomas Bowsfield 
1601 John Aglionby 
1610 John Rawlinson 
1632 Adam Airay 
1658 Thomas Tully 
1676 Stephen Penton 

1684 Thomas Crosthwaite 

1685 John Mill 

1707 Thomas Pearson 
1722 Henry Felton 
1740 Thomas Shaw 
1751 George Fothergill 
1760 George Dixon 
1787 William Dowson 

1800 George Thompson 
1824 Anthony Grayson 
1843 William Thompson 
1854 John Barrow 

1801 John Branthwaite 
1864 Edward Moore. 



210 



PEIVATE HALLS. 

A Statute passed in 1882 (in substitution for an earlier one dating 
from 1855) enacts that any Member of Convocation above the age of 
twenty-eight may, under certain conditions, obtain from the \ T ice- 
Chancellor, with the consent of the Hebdomadal Council, a licence to 
open a suitable building as a Private Hall for the. reception of Aca- 
demical students with the title of " Licensed Master," and make pro- 
vision for the proper government of the students under his charge. 
They are subject to all other Statutes of the University, and they 
partake in its privileges, and are admissible to its degrees, in the same 
way as other students. 

The Private Halls now existing are — 

CHABSLEY'S HALL. 

"William Henry Charsley, MA., Licensed Master. 



TUEBELL'S HALL. 

Henry Joseph Tuerell, M.A., Licensed Master. 



NON- COLLEGIATE STUDENTS. 217 



STUDENTS WHO DO NOT BELONG TO ANY COLLEGE 

OR HALL \ 



In the year 1868 the restrictions of an ancient Statute, which has 
been already mentioned, were removed ; and persons are now permitted, 
under certain conditions prescribed in Statt. Tit. III. Sect. I. and IV, 
to become Students and Members of the University without being 
members of any College or Hall. Such persons keep their statutable 
residence in houses or licensed lodgings within the limit of a circle 
the centre of which is Carfax, and the radius a line one mile and a 
half in length ; they enjoy the same rights of profiting by Professors' 
lectures, of competing for University Prizes, of attaining distinction in 
the Public Examinations, and of being admitted to degrees and to all 
the consequent privileges, as are enjoyed by other students. 

The reception of students into the University under the prescribed 
conditions, and the exercise of discipline over them during their resi- 
dence in Oxford, are committed to a Delegacy consisting of the Vice- 
Chancellor, the Proctors, the Controller of Lodging Houses, a Censor, 
and six Members of Convocation holding office for six years, of whom 
tw T o are elected by Congregation, two by the Hebdomadal Council, and 
two are nominated by the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors subject to the 
approval of Convocation. The Censor, who is nominated by the Vice- 
Chancellor and Proctors subject to the approval of Convocation, holds 
office for five years. 

The Students are under the supervision of the Censor, w r ho is charged 
with the care of their conduct and studies. 

There are also Tutors appointed by the Delegates to give instruction 
to the Students. 



Censoks of Non-Collegiate Students. 

i«7nl George William Kitchin, Ch. Ch. 

18/11 < George Sturton Ward, Magdalen Hall (Hertford). 

1883 William Walrond Jackson, Exeter. 

1887 Richard William Massy Pope, Worcester. 



1 The designation "Non-Collegiate Students" was conferred on these Students hy 
University Statute in 1884. 



•21 S AFFILIATED COLLEGES. 



AFFILIATED COLLEGES. 

By a Statute of the University passed in 1880, any College or In- 
stitution within the United Kingdom or in any part of the British 
Dominions, being a place of education in which the majority of the 

students are of the age of 11 at least, may on certain conditions be 
admitted to the privileges of an Affiliated College. The conditions are 
in eff! et as follows : — 

The College or Institution must be incorporated by Royal Charter 
or otherwise established on a permanent and efficient footing ; it must 
allow the University to be represented on its Governing Body and to 
take part in its examinations; it must have been admitted to the pri- 
vileges of an Affiliated College by a vote of Convocation; and the 
connexion between it and the University must be terminable at the 
will of either body. 

Any member of an Affiliated College who bona fide intends to be 
matriculated may be admitted to Besponsions without having matricu- 
lated, and if he has completed a course of two years at such a College 
may, without having been matriculated, be admitted to any part of the 
first public examination, or to any preliminary examination in the 
second public examination. 

Any person certified by the Delegates of Local Examinations to have 
completed a course of three years at an Affiliated College, and to have 
obtained honours at its second or final examination, may, if he has 
passed or obtained honours in the first public examination or has passed 
a preliminary examination in the second public examination, provided 
he is matriculated not later than the Michaelmas Term next following 
the termination of his course at the Affiliated College, as regards all 
provisions affecting academical standing, reckon the Term in which 
he was matriculated as the fifth Term from his matriculation. 

A person matriculated under the last preceding clause may be ad- 
mitted to any part of the second public examination if he has passed 
Responsions or one of the examinations exempting from Responsions, or 
has passed or obtained classical honours in the first public examination, 
or has passed a preliminary examination having satisfied the Examiners 
in a Greek book, and has also passed the examination in Holy Scripture 
or a book offered instead thereof. 

If further such a person obtains honours at the First or Second Public- 
Examination, he maybe admitted B. A. after eight Terms of academical 
residence, provided he has then passed Iris Final Examination. 

The effect of this Statute is to reduce the period of necessary aca- 
demical residence for a person coming from an Affiliated College from 
three to two years. 

The institutions at present admitted to these privileges are — 

1880 June 1. St. David's College, Lampeter. 
1882 June 15. University College, Nottingham. 
1886 June 29. Firth College, Sheffield. 



COLONIAL AND INDIAN UNIVERSITIES. 219 



OF COLONIAL AND INDIAN UNIVERSITIES. 

By a Statute of the University passed in 1887 any University situ- 
ated in any part of the United Kingdom other than Great Britain may 
apply to he admitted to the privileges thereby conferred. 

The application is to be addressed to the Vice-Chancellor, by whom 
it is reported to the Hebdomadal Council. The Council may, if it 
think fit, thereupon propose to Convocation that the University so 
applying be admitted to the privileges above referred to. 

When a University, has been thus admitted, any person who has 
pursued during two full years the course of study prescribed by such 
University, and has passed all the examinations prescribed by it in 
connexion with that course, may, without having been previously ma- 
triculated, be admitted to the first public examination or to any pre- 
liminary examination in this University ; and any such person may on 
passing or obtaining honours in the first public examination or on 
passing a preliminary examination in the second public examination, 
provided he matriculates not later than Michaelmas Term next fol- 
lowing, as regards all provisions affecting academical standing reckon 
the Term in which he matriculates as the fifth Term from his matri- 
culation. 

A person so matriculated may be admitted to any part of the second 
public examination if he has passed Responsions or one of the examina- 
tions exempting therefrom, or has passed or obtained classical honours* 
in the first public examination, or has passed a preliminary examination 
having satisfied the Examiners in a Greek book, and has also passed 
the examination in Holy Scripture or in a book offered instead thereof. 

If further he obtains honours at the first or second public exami- 
nation, he may be admitted B.A. after eight Terms of academical resi- 
dence, provided he has then passed his final examination. 

Every person offering himself under this Statute for the First Public 
Examination must produce a certificate under the seal of a University 
admitted to these privileges or under the hand and seal of the Chan- 
cellor or Vice-Chancellor thereof. 

No person already matriculated here can be admitted to the First 
Public Examination under the provisions of this Statute. 




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