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Town of Troy, 





BY M. T. STONE, M. D. 

ISrcss of sfntmrl ^grinling Companu, 
Scfnf, ^. IB. 




The history of Troy as a distinct corporation covers a 
period of eighty -two years, but as the first settlements 
made were on territory which forms a part of this town, 
it becomes necessary in giving the early history of this 
region, to speak of men and measures more or less inti- 
mately connected \vith the history of the towns from 
whose territory Troy was taken. 

Dr. A. M. Caverly collected the knowledge of the inci- 
dents occurring in the early history of this region, which 
was given a permanent form in the Histor\^ of Troy, 
published in 1859, at the Sentinel office in Keene, and 
which forms the, basis of the present work, making such 
changes as tiine and later researches have made necessary. 
Many of those who were the sole possessors of the infor- 
mation concerning the early history of Troy, passed from 
the stage of life soon after the publication of this history, 
which has preserved for future generations the traditions 
and incidents there given. 

The work was done at a time when but little attention 
was given to matters of this kind ; but more interest being 
taken in local history and ancestral connections, several 
individuals expressed a desire that the history- should be 
revised and brought down to a later date, and Mr. Edwin 
Buttrick brought the question before the town at the town 
meeting in November, 1890, and Dr. M. T. Stone was 
chosen to compile and revise the histor3\ 

The knowledge of kindred and the genealogies of the 
families, both past and present, constitute a ])art of the 


knowledge and history of the town, and form an interest- 
ing and instructive chapter, as it shows the enterprise and 
thrift, the activit}^ and sagacity in business, the zeal in 
religious, educational and political matters, in moral and 
spiritual advancement and the material prosperity of the 

The histories of Fitzwilliam and Marlborough having 
been published at a recent date, such extracts have been 
taken from them as has seemed best in order to make the 
subject more complete, and especially concerning the early 

Tv^o or three chapters have been given entire as written 
by Dr. Caverly, namely, upon grants of the land and those 
containing historical and traditionary matter. 

Much time and labor has been spent in such fragments 
as could be spared from professional engagements, in 
collecting and arranging the additional matter, and it has 
been the object to make the record as accurate and faithful 
as possible, but errors will undoubtedly be noticed, and it 
is submitted to the public hoping that its readers may find 
much interest and pleasure in its perusal. 

Thanks are returned to each and all who have so 
willingly assisted in any way in obtaining facts and 
bringing the work to completion. 
Troy, N. H., Sei)tcin1)er 25, 1897. 




Introduction.— Mason's Claim.— Grant of the Township.— Conditions of 
tlie Charter.— Meeting of the Proprietors.— Townships Divided into 
Lots 1-24 



Early Settlers from 1 764 to 1780.— WiiHam Barker. —Silas Fife.— Thomas 
Tolman. — Phineas Farrar. — Col. Richard Roberts. — James Brewer. — 
John Farrar. — Caleb Winch. — Jonathan Shaw. — Jonah Harrington. — 
David Wheeler. — Ezekiel Mixer. — Benjamin Tolman. — Jacob Nonrse. — 
Moses Kenney. — Henry Morse. — Daniel Lawrence. — Daniel Cutting. — 
Joseph Cutting. — Reuben Ward. — Ichabod Shaw. — Peter Starkey. — 
John Starkey. — Benjamin Starkey. — Josejih Starkey. — Enoch Starkey. 
Jonathan Lawrence. — Joshua Harrington. — Duncan Cameron. — John 
Bruce. — Thomas Clark. — Agabus Bishop. ^ — Abner Haskell. — Joseph For- 
ristall. — Godding Family. — Alexander Parkman. — Joseph Nourse. — 
Daniel Farrar 25-51 


SETTLERS FROM 1780 TO 1800. 

John Whitnc}'. — Jonathan Whitney. — George Farrar. — Berby. — Wesson. — 
Jason Winch. — Joseph Parker. — Jonas Warren. — Daniel Gould. — Na- 
thaniel Kendall. — Hezekiah Coolidge. — Abraham Coolidge. — Ephraim 
Root. — Benoni Robbins. — James Dean. — Jonathan Whipple. — Jonathan 
Ball. — Jonathan Platts. — John Sweetland. — Talmon Knights. — John 
Garfield. — Elijah Alexander. — Stephen Russell. — Abraham Randall. — 
Silas Cook. — Isaac Jackson. — William Starkey. — Ichabod Woodward. 
Jonas Robinson. — Silas Wheeler. — John Rogers. — David Saunders. — 
Ebenezer Saunders. — Ezekiel W'hite. — Nathaniel Bucklin. — Newton. — 
William Nurse. — Edward Foster. — Jonathan Capron. — Christopher 
Harris. — Elijah Fuller. — Isaac Fuller. — Asa Brewer. — Zopher Whit- 
comb. — John Joy. — Joseph French. — Hugh Thomiison.— John and 
David Garev 52-66 




Nathan Wheeler. — Thomas Benney. — WilHam Barnard. — Thomas Clark. 
— Josiah Morse. — Hezekiah Hodgkins. — Reuben Newell. — Edmund 
Bemis. — Jonathan Lawrence. — William Lawrence. — Zalmon Howe. — 
John Lawrence. — Henry Tolman. — Joseph Butler. — Aaron Holt. — 
Daniel Farrar. — Joshua Harrington. — Samuel Lawrence. — Daniel Cut- 
ting, Jr. — Levi Maxey. — Easman Alexander. — Robert Fitts. — Josiah 
Amadon. — Nathan Winch. — Elijah Harrington. — Caleb Perry. — Joseph 
Alexander. — Elias Mann. — Daniel W. Farrar. — Luna Starkey. — Isaac 
Lawrence. — James (lodtVe}'. — Salmon Whittemore. — Luke Harris. — 
Constant Weaver. — Sj'lvester P. Flint. — Elnathan Gorham. — Peletiah 
Hodgkins. — Nathan Newell. — Lyman Wright. — Stephen Farrar. — Cal- 
vin Bemis 67-80 



An Account of Those Who Took Part in the Revolutionary War. — Ben- 
jamin Tolman. — Ezekiel Mixer. — Jacob Newell, Jr. — Pearson Newell. — 
James Brewer. — John Farrar, Jr. — Joseph and William Farrar. — James 
Dean. — Peter Starkey. — The .Association Test. — Continental Currency. 
— Alarm List 81-100 



The People Desire a New Town. — Reasons for the Separation. — They 
Petition to be Voted Off. — Their Request Denied. — A Meeting House 
Built. — Subject Brought Before the Legislature. — Encounters Opposi- 
tion. — Committee of Investigation Appointed. — Hearing Before the 
Committee. — A Charter Obtained and the town organized. 101-112 



liarly Religious History. — Religious Societies. — Churches. — Clergyman. — 
Congregational Society and Church.— Baptist Society and Church. — 
The Liberal Union or Universalist Societv 113-147 




Topoj^raijliy.— List of Mills and Shops Thirty Years Ago.— Wild Ani- 
mals.— Wolf and Bear Hunts 14S-1()1 



First Burying (rround.— First Public Burying Ground.— Mountain View- 
Cemetery. — List of Those Interred in the Old Cemetery. . 162-178 



First Chair and Table for Meeting House. — ,\mount Paid for Working 
on Highway. — By-laws .Ygainst Animals Running at Large. — Action 
of To^\'n in the Division of the County. — First Map of the State. — 
Toleration Law. — First Stove in Meeting House. — Stone Bridge. — 
Dispensing with Suijerintending School Committee. — Distribution of 
the Public Surplus. — Temperance Reform. — Miscellaneous Matters. — 
First Printed School Report. — Finishing Room under Town Hall. — 
Changing the Name of the Town. — HistorA' of the Town Hall. 174-186 



List of Constables.— Town Officers.— Appi-opriations.— Votes for Governor. 
— School Committee and School Boards.— Copy of Early Check List. 




Slavery.— Missouri Compromise.— Dred vScott Decision.— Bombardment of 
Fort Sumter.— Call for Troops.— First Enlistment.— Aid for vSoldiers' 
Families.— Expenses Incurred.— Bounties Offered.— Bounties Paid.— 
Votes of the Town.— Summary of Expenses Incurred.— Men who 
Served in the Rebellion and their Record.— List of Living in 
Troy but Credited to Other Towns.— Present Residents who vServed 
in Other Towns or States 203-226 




Letter from C. E. Potter, Esq., Respecting the Western Boundary of the 
State.— The Supposed Murder.— The Robbery 227-238 



Different Systems of Education.— Interest of School Lots Expended for 
Scliools.- The First School. — The First Teacher. — Division of Town 
into Squadrons. — Schoolhouses. — New Division of the Town into 
Districts. — Town System Estabhshed.— High School.— Mrs. Louisa B. 
Wright.— New School Building 239-269 



Dr. Justus Perry. — Dr. Ebenezer Wright. — Dr. Charles W. Whitney. — Dr. 
Luke Miller.— Dr. A. M. Caverly.— Dr. Mary Ann Harris.— Dr. Daniel 
Farrar. — Dr. Daniel B. Woodward. — Dr. Benjamin H. Hartwell. — Dr. 
John Dodge. — Dr. Carl G. Metcalf. — Dr. M. S. Ferguson. — Dr. Benja- 
min E. Harriman. — Dr. M. T. Stone. — Luther Chapman, Esq. 270-283 



F^irst Grist and Saw Mills. — Manufacture of Wooden Ware. — Pail Shops. 

— Scythe Factory. — Pail Handles. — Brown Earthen Ware and Pottery. 

— Tannery. — Hat Making. — Fulling Mills. — First Horse Blankets 
Made. — Troy Blanket Mills. — Granite Industry. — Box Making. — 
Brick Yards 286-300 



The Old Military Road. — Post Office and Postmasters. — Formation of an 
FvUgine Com])any. — Hamilton Engine and Comjjany. — Monadnock 
Steamer Co. — Free Masons. — Monadnock Lodge No. 80, F. & A. M. 

— List of Officers. — Patrons of Husbandry. — Real Estate Development. 



Aharc, 321. Adams, 322-324. Aldrich, 324-327. Alexander, 327-331. 
Amadou, 331-322. 


Baker, 322-3^0. Ball, 34.()-34.1. Ballon, 341. Barker, 34-1. Barnard, 
342. Bemis, 342-347. Beers, 347. Bishop, 347. Bigelow, 34S. 
Birtwhistle, 348-350. Blanding, 330. Boyden, 350. Brewer, 351- 
352. Brown, 352-356. Brooks, 356. Bruee, 356. Bnrpee, 357. Bnt- 
ler, 357-360. Bnttrick, 360-362. 

Capron, 362-364. Carpenter, 364. Carter, 365. Caverly, 365-367. 
Chase, 367. Clark, 367-372. Clement, 372. Cobb, 373. Coolidge, 
373-375. Congdon, 375-376. Corey, 376. Crosby, 376-37S. Cnm- 
mings, 378. Cutting, 378-380. 

Daggett, 381. Damon, 381. Devine, 382. Dexter, 382. Dort, 382-385. 

Edwards, 385. Emery, 385. Enright, 385-386. 

Fairbanks, 386. Farrar, 388-404. Parr, 405. Fassett, 405-407. Field, 
408. Fife, 408-410. Fitts, 411. Forristall, 411-415. Foster, 415- 
418. Freeman, 418. French, 418. Frost, 419. Fuller, 419-422. 

Garfield, 422-424. Gates. 425. Goddard, 426. Godding, 427-428. 
Goodall, 428-430. Gorhani, 430. Gove, 431. Greenwood, 431. 
Grosvenor, 431. Grimes. 432. 

Hale, 433. Hardy, 433. Harrington, 434-436. Harris, 437-440. 
Haskell, 441-445. Herrick, 446-449. Hawkins, 450. Heberts, 450. 
Hodgkins, 451-452. Holt, 453-458. Howe, 459. Hnbbard. 460. 
Hnrlbntt, 463. Hutt, 464. 

Ingalls, 464. 

Jackson, 464-465. Jones, 466. Jarvis, 467. 

Kenney, 468. Kendall, 468-469. Kimball, 470-472. Knight, 473. 

Lahiff, 473. Lang, 473. Lapoint, 473. Lawrence, 473-478. Lawson, 
478. Lowe, 479. 

Maddox, 480. Mahon, 480-481. Mann, 481. Mason, 481-482. Mar- 
shall, 482. Merrifield, 483-484. Miller, 484. Morse, 484. Mortimer, 

Newell, 485-486. Newton, 487-491. Nurse, 491-494. 

Oakes, 494-498. 

Parkhurst, 498. Perkins, 498. Parker, 499. Piper, 499-502. INu'ter, 
500. Putney,, 501. Pamienter, 501. Peck, 502. Pratt, 502. 

Randall, 503-504. Rice, 504. Rijiley, 504-507. Roberts, 507. Robin- 
son, 507. Rogers, 508. Ruffle, 508. Rugg, 508. Russell, 509. 

Saunders, 509. vShaw, 510. Sibley, 510-513. Silcox, 513. Silsby, 513- 
514. Smith, 515. Spaulding, 515. Spooner, 516. Starkey, 517- 
525. Stanley, 526-527. Stone, 528-529. Streeter, 530. Sullivan, 
530. Sutton, 531. 

Thompson, 531. Tolman, 532-539. Townsend, 539. Tumcy, 539. 
Tupper, 540. 

Watson, 540. Ward, 542. Wheeler, 543-546. Whipple, 546. Whitcomb, 
546-547. White, 548. Whittemore, 548-554. Whitney, 554-558. 
Winch, 558-559. Wise, 559. Woodward, 560. Wright, 560-565. 

List of Illustrations. 




BAKER, .\BEL 337 








CAVERLY, A. M., M. D 277 





DORT. ASA C 383 




































• 505 




SIRT R'V AAfr-lQ .^>^'-J 



SILSBY, FISHER "'^^''^^"^^'^''''^^'^^ ^^i 5ll 

STARKEY, GEORGE A .....'^'^!'^''!''.. .'"'^^^ \,2'> 

STARKLY, WALTER H ^^'''^^^^^^^^'^T^^"^!!^^'!"!^!' 524 

STANLEY, JAMES R ............................52 7 

STONE, MELVIN T., M. D ...2S2 

TOLM.\N, ELISHA H ..............535 

TOWNSEND, LUTHER, REV ^..^''"^^'."'.^loa'g 



W^HITNEY, CHARLES W., M. D .'..''2-3 



































BOROUGH oi'f'- +«i' 





History of Troy. 




The arrival of the "Mayflower," on the shores of 
Massachusetts in 1620, was no ordinary event. The Old 
World, in which society had existed nnder conditions as 
varied as its political divisions, had failed to produce a 
civil polit}^ upon a basis sufficiently broad to meet the 
approbation of enlig-htened and liberal men. The strong- 
disposition to embrace hereditary sentiments, with the 
fear of innovations upon established customs, rendered the 
attempt at the formation there of a new order of things, 
embracing important reforms, a hopeless task. 

In the meantime light was gradually breaking in, and 
a few there were who \vere enabled thereby to see the 
imperfections in the prevailing social system, and its 
inability to raise men to that dignity, intellectually and 
morally, that answered the exalted end of their being. 
These few were impressed with the importance of a great 
national reform in religious matters. The religious char- 
acter of England was arbitrary, invested by authority in 
the Church of England. Their movement was in favor of 
freedom in thought and worship. These few, so-called 
fanatics, were truly the nobility of the earth, l)ut what 
could they hope with the tide of public o])inion against 


them ? Institutions congenial to their feelings, and such 
as in their opinion would promote the highest interest of 
mankind, could only be formed by a united and devoted 
people, and that even upon foreign soil. 

Such being the case, they resolved to forego the com- 
forts of home, and to brave the hardships incident to 
distant colonial life, in order to inaugurate a form of 
government that should be the admiration of the world, 
and diffuse its blessings upon countless millions. 

That was a noble resolution and one that converted a 
gloomy wilderness into a fruitful held, and rendered 
immortal such consecrated places as Plymouth, Lexington, 
Bunker Hill and Yorktown, and brought into being one 
of the most intelligent and powerful nations. 

The spirit of the Puritans did not expend itself upon 
the limited territory a few miles aroimd the ])oint upon 
which they first set foot upon American soil, but accom- 
panied with a strong Saxon energy, it has lived on, cumu- 
lative in its power, until it has permeated the whole 
country. In its progress it has levelled moimtains, filled 
up valleys, turned the current of rivers, and covered arid 
wastes with flourishing towns and cities. The history of 
New England is but the record of the influence of that 
spirit which animated the breasts of such men as Robin- 
son, Carver, Davenport and Brewster, men whose hearts 
were overflowing with love to God and good will to men. 

The general outline of this history is familiar to nearly 
every one, and is found in all our standard works upon 
this subject ; but there are incidents of a local nature that 
escape the observation of the general historian, and such 
as are full of interest to those living in the places \vhere 
such incidents occurred. 

An examination of the stu'face of the region embraced 
in the limits of the town of Trov, shows unmistakable 


evidences of the existence of people that have lono- since 
gone to that bourne from which no traveler returns. As 
we look upon the excavations which abound in different 
parts of the town, and which once constituted the cellars 
of residences which echoed with the busy tbotstcjis of 
those within whose breasts "the smiles of joy and the 
tears of woe, alternately triumphed;" as we look (h)wn 
into those neglected wells that once yielded the sjiarkling 
element to slake the thirst of the weary laljorer, now onlv 
a retreat for the lizard and serpent, and as the eye runs 
along the old thoroughfares, now overgrown with bushes 
and almost or quite obliterated, but where a century ago 
might have been seen the panting steed, moving along, 
slowdy, beneath a ponderous load of perhaps a husband 
and wife, we are forcibly reminded of the unceasing, and 
never ending change of all things earthly. It is vain to 
attempt to give a connected and accurate history of any 
locality a long series of years after the events to be 
recorded have taken place, and especially is this so when no 
authentic records have been kept from actual observation. 

This was emphatically true of Troy forty 3'ears ago, 
Avhen Dr. Caverly Avrote the history which is the basis of 
the present work, the early settlement of which was 
effected beyond the recollection of men then living. Many 
of the records were entirely "w^anting, or at best, exceed- 
ingly meagre, and he was quite often obliged to rely upon 
uncertain tradition. 

In this history it is necessary to go l)ack some years 
previous to the existence of Troy as an incorporated 
town, and consequently to draw upon the history of those 
towns from whose territory Troj^ was taken. 

In November, 1620, King James I. of England, by his 
sole authority, constituted a council composed of forty 
"knights, ladies and gentlemen," by the name of "The 


Council established at Plymouth, in the County of Devon, 
for the planting, ruling and governing of New England in 
America." TheA' were a corporation with perpetual suc- 
cession b}' election of the majority, and were granted all 
the territory from the fortieth to the forty-eighth degree 
of northern latitude. 

In 1622, two of the most active members of the 
council. Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason, 
obtained from their associates jointly, a grant of the 
territory which included all the land between the Merri- 
mack and Kennebec rivers, and extending from the ocean 
back to the great rivers and lakes of Canada. This tract 
was called Laconia, and it included New Hampshire and 
all the western part of Maine. 

They formed a company with several merchants of 
London and other cities, styling themselves "The Com- 
pany of Laconia," and in the spring of the following year, 
they sent over two small divisions of emigrants who 
cominenced settlements on the Piscataqua, one at the 
river's mouth which the\' called Little Harbor, and the 
other some eight miles further up the river on a neck of 
land which the Indians called Winnechannet, or Cocheco, 
afterwards called Dover. 

From some unexplained reason the affairs of this 
council were transacted in a confused manner from the 
commencement, and the grants \vhich the\' made were so 
inaccurately described and interfered so much with each 
other, as to occasion difficulties and controversies of a 
serious nature. Hence quarrels frequenth' arose about this 
territory, one party claiming it by virtue of a grant from 
a foreign monarch who held it by right of discovery ; the 
other by purchase of the original owners and occupants. 

Nov. 7, 1629, the Plymouth Council, "iipon mature 
deliberation, thought fit for the better furnishing and 


furtherance of the plantcations in these parts, to ajipro- 
priate and allot to several and particular persons divers 
parcels of land within the precincts of the aforesaid 
g-ranted premises," and deeded to Mason, this very same 
territory, which was conveyed to Rev. John Wheelwright, 
by a deed dated 1629, and signed by four Indian Saga- 
mores or Chiefs, for the consideration of a few coats, 
shirts and kettles, and which was afterward found to be 
a forgery. 

This grant included the land west of the Piscataqua 
river and north of the jMerrimack and extending back 
into the country sixty miles, which he, with the consent 
of the President and Council, named New Ham])shire, 
from the County of Hampshire in England in which he 
had formerly resided. 

After his grant had been confirmed to him. Mason was 
especially active in his cftbrts to hasten the settlement of 
his newh" acquired possession. Being a motmtainous 
region, it was thought it must abound in the precious 
metals, and this was one reason for his activity, as he 
was hoping to realize a princely fortune. 

He spent years of toil and expended large sums of 
money, but his death, which occurred in December, 1635, 
put an end to all his projects and left his titles to his 
lands to be a source of litigation to his heirs for several 

"After this his widow and executrix sent over an 
agent to manage her interests at the Portsmouth planta- 
tion ; but finding the expenses far exceeding the income, 
he abandoned the whole and gave up the improvements 
to the tenants." 

The first heir named in Mason's will dying iu infancy, 
the estate descended to Robert Tufton, grandson of Cap- 
tain John Mason, who was not of age until 1650. 


The extension of the jnrisdiction of Massachusetts over 
New Hampshire could not fail to coni])licate matters still 
more, and no help could be expected unless the govern- 
ment of England should interfere, but as the family had 
always been attached to the royal cause, there could be 
no hope of relief during the protectorate of Cromwell, as 
the Massachusetts colony had always stood high in the 
favor of Parliament and Cromwell. Charles II. was 
restored to the throne, and immediately Tufton, who now 
took the name of Mason, ap]:)lied to the King for redress, 
\vho referred the matter to his attorney general, who 
decided that Mason's claim to the Province of New 
Hampshire w^as good and legal. 

For several years the country had been divided among 
numerous proprietors, and the various settlements had 
been governed se])arately by agents of the different pro- 
prietors, or by magistrates elected by the people, but in 
1641 the people placed themselves under the protection of 
the Massachusetts colony. 

Commissioners were sent over in 1641, to inquire into 
this as well as other matters ; but their reception resulted 
in a report to the King unfavorable to the Massachusetts 
claims, and after their return, the government took no 
active measures for the relief of Mason, who became dis- 
couraged and joined with the heirs of Gorges in proposing 
an alienation of their respective rights in the Provinces of 
New Hampshire and Maine to the crov^n ; but the Dutch 
wars and other foreign transactions prevented any deter- 
mination concerning them till the country was involved in 
all the horrors of a general war ^vith the natives. 

Sept. 18, 1679, a commission passed the Great Seal of 
England, constituting a President and Council for the 
Province of New Hampshire to be appointed by the King, 
and a house of representatives to be chosen by the people. 


The making of a province of New Hampshire was no 
doubt due to the claims of Mason, who could obtain no 
redress from the Massachusetts courts. 

Early in the following year, Mason came from England 
empowered by the King to take a seat in the council. 
He soon endeavored to compel the people to take leases 
of him, but they had enjoyed possession of their lands for 
many years and his claims and demands for rent were 
resisted both by the ])eople and officers of the govern- 
ment. They put every obstacle in the way and he could 
get but little satisfaction, and he soon left the council and 
returned to England. After this he made several unsuc- 
cessful attempts to compel the inhabitants to take their 
leases of him, and even commenced suits against several 
prominent men for holding lands and selling tind)er, and 
although judgment was obtained against the defendents, 
he could find no purchasers of the lands and so they were 
permitted to enjoy them as before, and in 1688, Mason 
died, a disappointed man, leaving two sons, John and 
Robert, heirs to the claim. They soon sold their claim for 
seven hundred and fifty pounds, or about forty-five 
hundred dollars, to Samuel Allen of London, who in 
attempting to enforce it met with no better success than 
his predecessors. 

After the death of Allen, his son renewed the suit; but 
the cotu't rendered a verdict against him, and he too, died 
without realizing his anticipations. 

After the sale of the Province of New Hampshire to 
Allen, by John and Robert Mason, they returned to 
America. John died childless, but Robert married. Ik- 
had hopes of invalidating the claim of Allen on account ol" 
some informality attending the purchase, but he died at 
Havana, in 1718, leaving two sons, John Tultoii Mason, 
and Thomas Tufton Mason, as heirs to his claim. 


Captain John Tomlinson, a merchant of London, and 
agent of New Hampshire in England, being informed of 
the nature of these transactions, entered into negotiations 
which resulted in his purchasing the Masonian claim in 
New Hampshire, in behalf of the Assembly of New Hamp- 
shire, upon the payment of one thousand pounds. New 
England currency-. Governor Wentworth frequently called 
the attention of the Assembly to the matter, but that 
body failed to appropriate the necessary funds to complete 
the purchase, being engaged in what were considered to 
be weightier matters. 

Here the matter rested for some two years, when the 
Assembly, thinking it would be for their interest to ratify 
the agreeinent made by Tomlinson, appointed a com- 
mittee to complete the purchase. But they were too late, 
for Mason's heirs, l^ecoming impatient, on the same day, 
Jan. 30, 1746, made a trade with certain gentlemen to 
dispose of his whole interest for fifteen hundred pounds 
currency', and thus Mason's claim, instead of being pur- 
chased by the Assembly, as would doubtless have been for 
the interest of the I'rovince, passed into the hands of 
private individuals, to the no sinall regret of the people. 

The purchasers were Theodore Atkinson, Richard 
Wibird, M. H. Wentworth, Samuel Moore, Jotham 
Odiorne, Joshua Pierce, Nathaniel Meserve, George Jafifrey, 
John Wentworth, Thomas Wallingford and Thomas 
Packer. Their act raised a storm of indignation, and 
being aware of the prejudices against them, took measures 
for conciliating the public inind by prudently filing at the 
recorder's office, a quitclaim deed to all towns which had 
been granted by New Hampshire authority, claiming only 
the unoccupied portions of the territory, which proved 
highly satisfactory to the people, and terminated the 
Masonian controversy, which had disturbed the peace of 


the Province for twenty-five years. They freely granted 
townships to petitioners, often without fees and always 
without quit-rents. At this time the western boundary of 
New Hampshire was held to extend as far as the Connec- 
ticut river, and several towns had already been granted 
upon the river by Massachusetts before the establishment 
of the line. 

The territory in the vicinity of Monadnock being still 
uninhabited except by wandering parties of Indians was 
included in the claim of Mason's proprietors. They soon 
found purchasers for the whole of this region, and it was 
accordingly divided into townships, to each of which was 
given the common name of Monadnock, but distinguished 
b3^ different numbers. These townships were granted to 
different parties on condition that they should within a 
limited time, erect mills and meeting houses, clear out 
roads and settle ministers. 

In every township they reserved one right for the first 
settled minister, another for a parsonage, and the third 
for a school. They also reserved fifteen rights for them- 
selves and two for their attorneys, all of which were to 
be free from taxes until sold or occupied. Their names 
were as follows: Monadnock No. 1, or South Monad- 
nock, included the greater part of the Massachusetts 
grant, called Rowley, Canada, and is now the town of 
Rindge. Monadnock No. 2, or Middle Monadnock, is 
now Jaffrey. Monadnock No. 3, or North Monadnock, 
\vas incorporated as Dublin, and included the i)resent 
town of Dublin and more than half of Ilarrisville. 
Monadnock No. 4, or Stoddard town, w£is named Vitz- 
william at its incorjjoration, and included about one-hall 
of what is now Troy. Monadnock No. 5, w^'is called 
New Marlborough, and incorporated as Marlborough, and 
included a part of Roxbury, and some less than one-half 


of Tro\'. Monadnock No. 6, was named Packersfield at 
its incorporation and changed to Nelson in 1814, and 
included the present town of Nelson and a part of Harris- 
ville. Monadnock No. 7, was called Limerick till its 
incorporation, when it Avas named Stoddard. Monadnock 
No. 8, was called Camden, till Dec. 13, 1776, when it was 
incorporated and named Washington. Perhaps this was 
the first place to be named for the " Father of his Country'." 

Monadnock No. 4, was granted hy the Masonian pro- 
prietors through their agent, John Blanchard, to Roland 
Cotton and fort3'-one others, among whom may be men- 
tioned Josiah Cotton, Matthew Thornton, Sampson Stod- 
dard, Thomas Read, William Lawrence and John Stevens, 
on January 15, 1752, on conditions similar to those 
named, but this grant became void because of the non- 
fulfilment of the conditions. 

Business had been distiu'bed bA' the war bet\veen Eng- 
land and France \vhich ended in 1748, and a new struggle 
between the same nations was just commencing, which 
proved to be "the Seven Years War," or the " French and 
Indian War," as it was called, which was disastrous to 
the settlement of a new townshi]) like this. 

But though they failed to comph^ with the conditions 
of their contract. Cotton and his associates did not lose 
their interest in the township, for an amicable settlement 
was made and a ne^v grant given early in 1765, and 
many of the grantees of 1752 Avere grantees under the 
new contract; for in this their hardships are alluded to 
and are treated with due consideration, and the second 
list doubtless included all of the first who had done anv- 
thing in the \vay of improvement and wished to be 
included in the new company, and included the following: 

Sainpson Stoddard, Paul March, 

Matthew Thornton, Jonathan Blanchard, 


Nathaniel Brooks, James Reed, 

John Honey, Jonathan Willson, 

WilHani Earl Treachvell, Jacob Treadwell, Jr., 

Edmund Grouard, Thomas Spauldin<?, 

AI)el Lawrence, Jonathan Lovewell, 

George Libbey, John Woods, 

Benjamin Edwards, Charles Treadwell, 

Nathaniel Treadwell, Sampson Stoddard, jr., 

Daniel Mellen, Benjamin Bellows, 

John Stevens, Jeremiah Libbey. 

The orant was given upon the following conditions : 

To Have .\nd to Hold to them and to their Several and Respective 
heirs and assigns in Severalty as the same has lieen Divided into Sejjarate 
lots and as the said Lots are Nnmbered and Set to the Respective Names 
in Said Schedule on the following Terms, Conditions and Limitations. 

First that twenty of the Shares as the same are Sever'd allotted and 
Divided Numbered and fixed to the Several Names in vSaid Schedule l)e 
and hereby is Reserved to the use of the Grantors their heirs and 
assigns free and Exempted of and from all charges of settlement and all 
Other charges mitil Improved l)y them their heirs or assigns — and also 
that two hundred acres Lay'd ovit for the Grantors at the North East- 
erly part of said tract of land as appears b^- Said Schedule and a plan 
thereof be in like manner Reserved to them their heirs & assigns. 

Secondlv, that those of the Aforesaid Shares be and hereby a])pro- 
priated one for the first Settled minister one for the use of the Ministrv 
and one for the i:se of a school on Said Tract of Land when Settled. 

Thirdlv that the Remaining Shares be and hereby are Granted and 
appropriated to the Several Persons and Sever'd to them Res]iectivcl\- as 
is mentioned and Numbered in Said Schedule; And E^ich lot of Land in 
Said Tract shall be Subject to have Necessary high Ways Lay'd out thro 
them as there shall be Occasion hereafter free from the cliargc oi |)iu-- 
chasing the Land that is the Owners of Said Lots shall not be ])aid for 
that part thereof which shall be so Necessarially Lay'd out in iiigh Ways 
untill an Incorporation and then to come under the Rules of Law in that 

FouRTHLV that the Grantees aforesaid (subject to the duty of Settle- 
ment) Build fift3- houses on Said Tract of Land Such Shares to iiavc one 
house on One of the Lots belonging to it Respectively as the Grantees 
shall determine Ija' regular Votes according to their Interests within 


three years from the Date hereof Each House to l3e Built so as to have 
one Room Sixteen feet Square or Equal thereto and also to have Twelve 
acres Land cleared and fitted for Tillai^e Pasture and Mowing within 
the term of three Years and to add an acre more annuallv till the Inhab- 
itants there Shall be Incorporated, (on each Share) the said houses to 
be Weil fitted and made Comfortable habitations and the Said Land to 
be cleared in a good Husbandlike manner and ever\' Particular Grantee 
aforesaid shall pa^' his Due Proportion of all Taxes and Charges neces- 
sary to the Making Said Settlement in the articles aforesaid and in what 
follows on Pain of forfeiting his Right in Said Land or so much thereof 
as shall answer his proportion of such Taxes and Charges to be disposed 
of by a Committee chosen by a major jjart of the (Trantees appointed 
for that purpose. 

Fifthly the said Grantees shall build a Convenient A-Ieeting House 
for Public Worshi]) within five years from the Date hereof and shall 
Maintain Constant preaching there from after the Term of six years 
from the Date hereof. 

Sixthly all the white jiine Trees Growing on any part of said Land 
tho' sevrd into Lots are herein' Reserved that are fit for his Majesty's 
use for that purpose to him his heirs and successors. 

Seventhly if the Grantees shall fail and make default of Comiileting 
the Settlement according to the Terms and Limitations aforesaid it shall 
be lawful to and for the said Proprietors and their successors to Re-enter 
into and iqion the Said Tract of Land to Resume the same and to be- 
come Re-seized thereof as in their former Estate and as if this grant had 
not been made. 

Copy of Record. 

Attest: Geo. Jaffrey, Prop. Cler. 
Received and Recorded this 22d day of Ma^-, 1765. 

Sampson Stoddard, Jr. 

Pros. Clerk. 

It is not known when or where the first meeting of the 
proprietors was held, or when the township was surveyed 
and divided into lots, bnt was probabU^ done at an early 
period after the reception of the charter, and the lots 
drawn according to the common custom of the time. 
Each lot was supposed to contain one hundred acres, but 
there \vas considerable variation in their size, and thev 











exceeded one Inindred acres on an average. According to 
the terms of the grant by the Masonian Proprietors, each 
of them, twenty-one in number, had one share or two 
lots, though some of these men appear with partners at 
the drawing and selection, as Grantor Tonilinson and 
Mason. The folloAving will show the proprietors of that 
part of the tOAvnship, now within the limits of Troy, as 
settled by the draught, with the nund^er and range of the 
lot of each. 

Proprietors' Names. Range. No. Range. No. Range. No. Range. No. Range. No. 
Sampson Stoddard, 5 21 6 

Sampson Stoddard, 10 20 6 

Sampson vStoddard, lo 21 6 

vSampson vStoddard, 10 22 11 

Sampson vStoddard, 10 23 11 

Sampson Stoddard, 
Heirs of J. Lib1)cv, 

Matthew Thornton, 4 22 5 23 

Abel Lawrence, 4 23 12 18 11 20 

John Moft'att, 
John Woods, 

Jonathan Odiorne, 8 19 10 19 

Jonathan Wihson, 
John Stevens, 

James Reed, 9 19 12 23 

Daniel Mellen, 9 22 9 23 

Noah Emery, 

Grantor Tonilinson and Mason, 10 18 11 18 
Charles Treadwell, 11 16 

Richard Wibird, 11 19 

Peine & Moore, 11 23 12 23 

Nathaniel Treadwell, 12 17 
Paul & March, 12 20 

The new owners soon took measures to perfect their 
organization as a new company and to open up tlien- 
township to settlement, and issued the following call for 
a meeting, signed by sixteen of the grantees who now took 
the name of proprietors. 


Whereas the Proprietors of the Lands j^ranted by John Tnfton 
Mason Esqr. commonly called Mason's Patent, have lately granted to 
ns (with some few others) a Tract of Land abont six Miles Square as 
may appear bj^ the Grant, with the conditions of settlement and in order 
to the Carrying on the same with Effect it is Necessar3' some method 
should be pursued by (icneral Consent by the (yrantees for which and it 
is jiroposed that they shall meet at the dwelling house of Thomas Har- 
wood, in Dunstable, on MondaA' the 20th (Xay of May Instant at Twelve 
O'clock at noon, then and there when met to Chuse a Clerk for the 
Grantees and to act on any other matter or thing that shall then be 
projected being necessar\^ for Carrying forward and Comjileting the Set- 
tlement aforesaid. Wilham Earle Treadwell, Benja. Edwards, Paul 
March, Jacob Treadwell, Jim., Charles Treadwell, Sampson Stoddard, 
Matthew Thornton, Jacob Treadwell, Jun., for Edmund Grouard, Nathl 
Treadwell, Jonathan Blanchard, Thomas S])aul(ling, Sampson Stoddard, 
Jun., Nathl Brooks, Abel Lawrence, Daniel Mellen, James Reed. 
A True Copy of the Original. 

Examd ])er Sampson Stoddard, Jun. 

They met agreeably to the notice and took action as 

follows : 

At a meeting of the Projjrs the Grantees of that Tract of Land called 
Monadnock No. 4 in the Province of New Hampshire (jranted by the 
Purchasers of Mason's right so-called held at the house of Thomas Har- 
wood in Dunstable on Monday the 2()th day of May 1765. 

1st. Col. Sampson Stoddard imanimously chosen Moderator. 

2. Chose Sampson Stoddard Jnn. Clerk for the Grantees. 

3. Then the following meathod for Calling meetings for the future 
was agreed u])on and Voted that upon application of the Owners of 
Ten Original Shares made in writing to the Clerk (for the time being) 
insert therein the Several matters and things Desired to be acted upon, 
he shall and is hereby authorized and Im])owered to call such a Meeting 
or meetings Posting proper Notificatiotis at some place in Dunstable in 
New Hamj)shire and at some ]3ublic place in Chelmsford at least fourteen 
Days Before hand and all meetings so posted and held accordingly shall 
l)e good and Valid. Then this meeting was dismissed. 

May 20, 1765. Attest Sampson Stoddard Modr. 

A true copy of the Original Examd per Sampson Stoddard Jun. 

Props Clerk. 

The next meeting of the proprietors was called by 


Sampson Stoddard, Junior, Clerk, to be held at the house 
of Capt. Oliver Barron, Innholder, in Chelmsford, on Alon- 
da_v, August 19th, 1765, then and there when met to aet 
upon the following articles as they shall judge ])roix'r. 

1st. To see who of the Grantees sliall make the Fifty Settlements 
enjoined by grant and to act thei'eon as shall Be agreetl on. 

2d. To raise Money by a tax for any nse for carrying forwaril and 
completing the settlement of the Township. 

3dly. To see if the Grantees will give any Enconragement Towards Build- 
ing Mills in said Township and to do and act as they shall deem proper. 

4th. To Chose a Committee to Receive P^xaminc and Allow all 
Accounts of any Person or Persons wdio have done Service for the Proprs 
or paid money for Cutting or Clearing Rodes, and to do and act in that 
regard as they shall think proper. ♦ 

5th. To Chnse a Treasurer and Collector. 

6thly. To Chnse a Committee to lay out Rodes &c. 

Dated at Chelmsford the 27th day of July 1765. 

A true Copy of the Original Notification made Out by me in Consecpience of 
an application for that Purpose on file, and posted the time required. 

Examd per S.\mpson Stodd.xrd Jun. 

Props Clerk. 

The following is a record of the meeting: 

At a meeting of the Grantees of the Tract of Land Laying in the 
Province of New Hampre called Monadnock No. four holden at the 
house of Capt. Oliver Barron, Innholder in Chelmsford on Monda3- the 
19th day of August 1765. 

Chose Col. Stoddard, Modr. 

Whereas the Grantees are Lijoyned by grant of said Townshij) to 
build hfty houses and make them comfortable habitations on said Tract 
of Land and such shares to build as the Grantees shall determine find 
also to have twelve acres of Land Cleared and fitted for Tillage Pastur- 
ing and Mowing and to add an acre more annually (till an Incorpora- 
tion) on each subject to the duty of settlement. 

Therefore Voted that the said settlements be done and pertormed l)y 
the following Grantees and in projjortion hereinafter declared, Namely 
Col. Stoddard eighteen, Edmuufl Grouard t\v(j, Jacob Trcadwell junicn- 
one, Jonathan Lovewell one, Benjamin Bellows two, Matthew Thornton 
three, Nathl Brooks one, Thomas Spaulding one, John Money one, Nathl 
Treadwell one, Al)el Lawrence three, Paul March one, James Reed four, 


heirs of George Libbey one, Charles Treadwell one, John Stevens one, 
Daniel Mellen one, Jonathan Blanchard one, Jonathan Willson two, John 
Woods one, Sampson Stoddard jun. one, Benjamin Edwards one, and 
the heirs of Jereli Libbey one, by bnilding and Clearinij in such way and 
manner as to fulfill the Grant. 

2dh'. Voted that the sum of five Dollars on each share, two lots to 
a share be assessed and Immediateh' Collected by the Treasurer of this 
Property- to answer and Pay the Necessary Charges and Expenses 
already arisen and arising in Bringing forward the settlement of said 

3dly. And whereas the speedy settlement of said Township Depends 
much ujjon having a Good saw Mill Built there soon as may be. Voted 
that in consideration of Col. Stoddard's convcA'ing to Mr. Daniel Millen 
two lots of Land then having a Mill plase on em for encoviragement of 
his undertaking tlie arduous Task of Building and Keeping a saw mill 
in repair to be fit to go, within fourteen months that said Stoddard be 
Intitled to DraAV out of the Treasury Twenty poinids Lawful mone\' and 
that sum to be in fvdl for the said two lots of Land. 

4thly. Voted that Col. Stoddard and Mr. Sampson Stoddard Jr. be 
a Committee to Receive, Examine and allow all accounts of an^- person 
or Persons who have done service for the Props and that upon their 
order to the Treasurer he is Directed to pay the Same accordingly. 

5thly. Voted that Jonathan Blanchard be Treasurer to this Pro- 
priety and Collector of the several Rates and Taxes that is or shall be 
raised untill the Propty order the contrary-. 

6th. Voted that Messrs. Daniel Millen, James Reed, and Benjamin 

Bigelow be a Committee or the major Part of them to ]\Lirk, Lay out 

and clere all necessary Rodes in said Township rendering their accounts 

to acceptance untill the Props order the contrary-. Then the Meeting 

was Dismissed. 

Attest, Sampson Stood.vrd 

Mod : 
A true copy Examd 

per S.\MPsoN Stoddard, Jrx. 

P. C. 

Alonadnock No. 5, or Alaiiboroiisj^h, was granted the 

20th da}' of Alay 1752, and was estimated to comprise 

twenty thousand acres. The followinjj^ is a copy of the 
Alasonian charter. 


Pursuant to the Power and Autliority Granted and Vested In me the 
subscriber In- the Proprietors of Land, Purchased otjolni Tuflon Mason 
Esqr. in the Province of New Hanipe by their Vote Passed at their 
Meeting held at Portsmouth in said Province the 6th day of December 

I DO By these Presents on the Terms and Limitation iKrcinafLcr 
Express'd Give and Grant all the right Possession and Property of tlie 
Propr aforesaid unto James Mcnrison Junr. Archibald Dnnla]., Rolicrt 
Clark, James Lyons, Robert Allen, Andrew Arnier, Halbert Morrison, 
Samuel Morrison, John Morrison, Thomas Morrison, Willini Gilmer, 
John Gilmer, Samuel Allison, Samuel Allison, Junr. James Willson, Junr. 
John Willson, Robert Willson, Thomas Willson, Samuel Willson, Samuel 
Steel, James Moore, John Warson, John Cochran, Isaac Cochran, Tliomas 
Cochran, Samuel Cochran, Hugh Montgomery, Henry Neal, John .Moore, 
Samuel Mitchel, Thomas MeClary, thi'ee Shares Each and to James Will- 
son Senr one Share — of In and To That Tract of Land or Township 
call'd Monadnock number five — Situate in the Province of New Hamjje 
Containing by Estimation twenty thousand Acres Bounded as followcth, — 

Beginning at the Northwest Corner of the Townshi]) Calld North 
Monadnock No. three and Runs from thence — North Eighty Degrees 
West three Miles and a half to a Beach Tree on West Line of Mas(Mi's 
Patent and from thence Southerly in that Line Seven Miles three fpiar- 
ters & forty Rods To the North West Corner of the Townshi]) Calld 
Monadnock No. four, from thence — South Eighty Degrees East about 
Four Miles by the North Line of said No. four till it Come to the West 
Line of Monadnock No. two and No. three To the first Bounds mentioned. 

To Have .\Nn to Hold to them their heirs and assigns on the fol- 
lowing Terms Conditions and Limitations that is To Say that within 
Nine Months from this Date there be One himdred & Twenty three fift\- 
Acre Lotts Lay'd out as Near the Middle the Township In the Hest of 
the Upland as Conveniencv Will Admit & Drawn for and that the 
Remainder of the Township be Divided Into One hundred •!<: Twenty 
three Shares not Exceeding two Lotts to a share In Such Ouantity as 
the Grantees Agree upon each Lott & Drawn for within two Vears from 
this Date. 

Th.vt three of the aforesaid Shares be Granted and ap])ro]n-iated free 
of all Charge One for the first Settled minister one for the Ministry iK: 
one for the School those forever One lott for Each Said Share to he Laid 


Out Near the midrlle of the Town & Lotts Coupled to them So as to 
Make tlieni Eciiial with tlie Rest. 

That the owners ot" the Otlier Rii^lits make Settlement at their Own 
Ex])ense in the follcnvinij; manner Viz. all the Lotts to be Laj-'d out at 
the (rrantees Expense. 

That all the Lotts in Said Town be Subject to have all Necessary 
Rodes Lay'd out thro' them as there shall be Oeassion free from Charge 
for the Land. 

That at or Before the Last Day of December 1754, there be three 
Acres Clered Enclosed and htted for mowing or Tillage on thirty of the 
aforementioned (jrantees Shares Viz. <ni one Share of Each of the afore- 
named Grantees excepting Hugh Montg()mer3', James Moore & Samuel 
Steel and from thence annually, one more in Like Manner for five years 
find that Each of the Cirantees have a house Built on Some One Lott in 
said Township of a Room Sixteen feet Square at the Least Besides the 
Chimney Way with a Chimney & Cellar fit for Comfortable Dwelling 
therein. In Six Years from the Date hereof and Some Person Inhabit- 
ing and Resident In Each house and to Continue Inhabitancy there for 
four Years then Next Coming and that Within the Term of twelve Y^ears 
from this Date there be Seventeen Lotts more viz. one of the Rights of 
James Morrison, Robert Clark, Jfiines Lyons, Robert Allen, Andrew 
Armer, Halbert Morrison, David Morrison, Samuel Morrison, John Mor- 
ris(5n, Thomas Morrison, William (lilmore, John Oilmore, Samuel Allistju, 
James Willson, John Willson, John Willson, Robert Willson, James Willson, 
Jun. have In Like manner five Aci"es of Land Cler'd Enclosed & fitted as 
aforesaid Over & above What thev are to Do as aforesaid & Each a 
house in manner aforesaid & some Person Inhabiting therein and Con- 
tinuing Inhabitancy for three Years afterwards there. 

That a Convenient Meeting house lie Bxiilt In Said Townshij) within 
ten Years from this Date and Finished as Near the Center of the town- 
ship as Convenience' will Admit of to be Determined b3' a Major Vote of 
Grantors and Grantees & Ten Acres of Land Reserved there for Public Use. 

That the aforesaid Grantees or their Assigns Grant & Assess any 
Sum or Sums of Money as the}' shall think necessar}^ for Carr\'ing for- 
ward & Completing the Settlemt aforesaid & any of the Grantees Exclu- 
sive of the three ]5ublic Lotts aforesaid Who Shall Neglect for the Space 
of three Months Next .\fter Such Assessment Shall be Granted & made 
to ])ay the Same So much of Said Delinquints Rights Respectiveh' Shall 
& may be Sold as Will Pa_v the Tax & all Charges arising thereon by a 
Committee of the Grantees appointed for that Purpose. 


That all Wliito Pine Trees fit for Mastina; his Majcstys Royal Navv 
be & hereby are Granted to his Majesty his heirs & Suecessors forever. 
And in ease any of the Grantees Shall Neglect & Refuse to Perform aiu 
of the Articles aforementioned by him Respectively to be Done lie Shrill 
forfeit his Share and Right In Said To\vnshi]i, & Every ]> irt 6c puvel 
thereof to those of the Grantees Who are not Dclin(|iiint in the Condi- 
tions on their part Respectively to be Done and it Shrill cK: mnv be 
Lawfnl for them or any Person by their Anthority to linter Into iS: 
upon Such Delinquints Right & him or them Utterly to Amove, Otisl 
Expell for the Use of them their heirs and assigns Provided they vSv^ltle 
or Cause to be Settled Such Delincpnnts Right within the Term of one 
Year at the farthest from die Period that is by this Grant Stipulated as 
the Conditi<jns thereof cand fully Com])ly with the Conditions Such 
Delinqts Oiight to have Done within One Year from the Time after the 
Respective Periods thereof and in Case the Said Grantees fuhilling as 
aforesaid of any Dehnquint Owner nor he himself Perform it that then 
Such Share or Shares lie forfeit Revert & Belong to the Grantors their 
heirs & Assigns & to be Wholly at their Disposal always Provided there 
be no Indian Warr in any of the Terms Limited as aforesaid for doing 
duty Conditionrd in this Grant to be Done & In Case that should 
happen the same time to be allowed after such Im])ediment shrdi be 

Lasti.v the (Trantors Do hereby Promise To the s.aid Grantees their 
heirs & Assigns to Defend thro' the Law to King tt Coinieil if Need be 
one Action that Shall & may be Bro't against them by any Person or 
Persons Whatsoever Claiming the Said Land or Any Part thereof by 
any Other Title than that of the Said Grantors or that by Which they 
hold & Derive theirs from Provided the Said Grantors are avouched In 
to Defend tlie Same and in Case on final Tryel the Same .Slirdl be l\ei'o\'- 
ered over Against the Grantors for the Said Lands Imi)i()vemeiits or 
Expenses in Bringing forward the settlements. 

To all Which Premises I Joscj)!! Blanchard Agent for i*<: in I'elinJI' of 
the Grantors have hereunto Set my hand and Seal this 2*>tli Day of 
May in the 25th Year of his Majestys Reign Aimoque Domine 1 7r>'2. 

JoSHi'ii P.i.ANCiiAKn. [Serd.l 

Most of the grantees, now more properly called Pro- 
prietors, were residents of other places, mostly London- 
derry and Dunstable, and probably never intended to take 
up their residence here, but expected to reali/ce something 



from selling the land to those wishing to become settlers ; 
but it seems no immediate effort was made to bring 
forward the settlement of the township, for no record of 
the proceedings of the Proprietors appears for over nine 

View of Commons, Looking South from near Town Hall. 

If any efforts were made they were probably suspended 
by the French and Indian war which broke out in 1753, 
and was no doubt the cause of the non-fulfillment of the 
conditions of the charter. This war caused great conster- 
nation throughout all the settled portion of New England, 
and it was the course of the Indians, upon the renewal of 
a war between the French and English, to commence their 
hostilities upon the frontier settlements. 

In August, 1754, a party of Indians surprised the famih^ 
of James Johnson of Charlestown, and captured the whole 
number consisting of eight persons and led them prisoners 
to Canada. The very next day Mrs. Johnson was deliv- 
ered of a daughter, and the Indians had the humanity to 
halt on her account and construct a litter on which they 
carried the mother and daughter through the vast wilder- 
ness surrounding the Green Mountains. 


In 1755, small parties of Indians repeated their unwel- 
come visits to this section, and Benjamin Twitchell was 
captured at Keene, and several persons killed at \Val])()le 
and Hinsdale. The accounts of these atrocities spread 
with great rapidity throughout the settlements, and often 
exaggerated, causing a general feeling of insecurity, which 
prevailed to such an extent that no progress could he 
made toward settling new townships. 

In 1761, the grantees transferred their interest in the 
township to the following individuals residing in the towns 
of Marlborough and Marlborough, Mass.: David Church, 
William Eager, Richard Tozer, Charles Biglo, Jacob Felton, 
Abraham How, Jr., William Barker, Jonathan Green, 
Jonathan Bond, John Taylor, William Babcock, Silas 
Gates, Ebenezer Dexter, Benjamin How% Jonathan Blan- 
chard, Adonijah How, Elezear How, Noah Church, Isaac 
McAllister, Silas Wheeler, Joseph Biglo, Daniel Harrington, 
John Woods, Stephen How, Jessie Rice, Manning Sawin, 
Daniel Goodenow, Ebenezer Joslin. Of this number but 
four became actual settlers, only one settling within what 
is now^ Troy. The others sold their interest to such 
individuals as would promise to settle thereon. Many of 
them were men of distinction in the places in which they 

In the New Hampshire Gazette for Frida3% Nov. 20th, 
1761, appeared the following notice: 


Whereas application hath this Day been made to me ye Suhseiihcr 
by 3'e owners of more than one 16th part of the shares Rijjhts or 
Interests of the whole of that tract or Township, called Monadnock .\o. 
5, — in said Province Desireing me to Notify & call a Meetinu ol the 
Propts of said Tract of Land. 

This is therefore to Notify & Warn all the Projirietors of the connnon 
and individual Lands of the sd Tract or Townshij) called Monadnock 
No. 5, aforesaid, To assemble & meet at ye House of Colo. Williams, 


Iniili<)l(k-r In Marlboroii"!! in the County of Middlesex on the Tenth Day 
of Deeeni1)er Next at Ton o'eloek in the Alorniu^' in order to net rind 
vote on the following artieles, viz. 1. To Chose a Propts Clerk. 2dly. 
A proi)ts Treasurer. 3. Assessors. 4. A I'roprietors Collector. 5thly. 
To see if the Pro])ts will agree to allot out the said Townshij) or any 
part thereof and raise Money by a Tax or other wise for that End or 
any other, to carry on any PuIjHc Matter or thing necessary to Bring 
forward the settlement of said Township. Gth. To agree on some 
Measure for calling Projirietors Meetings for the Future. 

November 10th, 17(51. JosKi'H Blanciiard, Jus. Peace. 

The r'roprietors assembled at the time aiul place 
appointed, and the Ibllowin^c;- is iVoni the records of the 
meeting : 

1st. Made Choice of Noah Church, Moderator. 
2dly. Kbcnzr Dexter Propts Clerk. 
3dly. Jessie Rice Propts Treasurer. 
4thly. Noah Church, 

Jacob Felton, Assessors. 

Ebenzr Dexter, 
5thly. Stephen How Projits Collector. 

The meeting- was then adjourned imtil the 8()th day of 
A])i'il, 1762; then to meet at the house of Jonathan 
Warren, innholder in Marlborough, in order to act upon 
the remainder of the articles in the notification aforesaid. 
At this adjourned meeting the Proprietors voted to lay 
out the whole township into one hundred acre lots before 
the 20th day of the next June. 

Dr. Bond, Capt. Joseph Biglo, Mr. Daniel Harrington 
and Lieut. Silas Gates were chosen a cotnniittee to carry 
this into effect; proper persons to be employed b}- them, 
and a plan thereof retin-ned to the Pro])rietors at the next 
meeting, the expense to be jiaid by the propriety, and to 
meet the expense it was voted to raise five dollars on 
each pro])rietor's right. This meeting was then adjourned 
to the 30th day of June, to meet at the house of Capt. 
Bezaleel Eager, innholder in Westborough, to hetir the 


report of the committee and draw the k)t^. At tliis 
meeting the committee for kitting- out the town re])orte(l 
that they were not ready for the drawing the k)ts. " hv 
reason of ye whole of the above said Tract of Land not 
being alotted out;" and the meeting was further adjourned 
to meet on the second Wednesday in October at the house 
of Col. Williams, innholder in Marlborough. 

At this meeting, Dr. Bond, Daniel Harrington. Capt. 
Rice, Capt. Joseph Biglo, and Noah Brooks were chosen a 
committee to couple the lots for drawing and fixing u])on 
a method for calling Proprietors' meetings, which was as 
follows: "Upon applycation of the owners of hve original 
Rights made to the Clerk in writing inserting the artick^s 
to be acted upon, he shall tliereupon Make out a notify- 
cation Warning all ye I'ropts at such time and place as they 
shall appoint, and he shall post up Two Notifycations 
Viz: one in Westborough at some Public Place 14 Days 
before said Meeting, and all Meetings so Posted & Held 
shall be good & Valid." The drawing of the lots took 
place on Nov. 22, 1762, at the house of Abraham Williams 
in Marlborough, when each ])roprietor had a ])articidar 
pfirt of the township assigned to him. 

Who were all the ])ro])rietors of that portion of the 
territory which now comes within the limits of Troy does 
not readily appear, but it is known that among the num- 
ber were William Barker, Jacob P'elton, Silas Wheeler and 
Daniel Harrington. 

It will be perceived in this history of the settk-mcnt of 
these townships, or that ])art of them which comes within 
the present limits of this town, that but few of the gran- 
tees became actual settlers in either of them. A majority 
of them lived either in Massachusetts or the eastern part 
of New Hampshire, and probably never intended to estab- 
lish their residence upon land here of which they obtained 


a grant. Maiij- of them were prominent and influential 
men in the communities in which they Hved, and oftentimes 
holding positions of trust and responsiliility which they 
did not care to relinquish. Doubtless they some time 
expected to realize some adequate return for their outlay 
and appeared to have well understood \vhat would most 
enhance their value, for they sought to make them com- 
fortal^le and agreeable homes, and took such steps as would 
be most conducive in very early establishing a permanent 
Christian luinistry, thereby having the influence of religious 
institutions constantly present. 




It will be seen that the first settlements in these toAvn- 
ships were made at nearh^ the same time. Monadnock 
No. 4 was first settled by John Fassett, Daniel Millen, 
James Reed, Benjamin Bigelow and others, the three latter 
being the "fathers of the to^vn," for no others probably 
were equally efficient in laljor and sacrifice for promoting' 
its prosperity. 

The first settlements made in Monadnock No. 5 were 
made by Isaac McAllester, William Barker, Abel Wood- 
ward, Benjamin Tucker and Daniel Goodenough. A jiecu- 
liar interest attaches to those who first became settlers 
in any town or place, in that we naturally desire to 
know who they were, where they came from, and how 
they fared. As to the general character of these first 
settlers, it may be said that they were industrious, ener- 
getic, frugal, kind, considerate, ready for hard labor, and 
willing to make large sacrifices for the comfort and wel- 
fare of their families and of society at large. 


There ^vere doubtless some worthless persons and 
shiftless families among them, for sueh will always find 
their way to a new settlement, but the majority of the 
men and women "who founded these homes and established 
the social, civil and religious institutions upon these hills 
and along- these streams, were persons of genuine worth 
and fit to be the pioneers in so great and important an 

Thev came expecting hard work, a life of toil Avith 
many privations, but after all much comfort in laying 
good foundations and witnessing substantial progress 
made. In general they were law abiding and ready to 
frown upon any vice, whoever might be guilty of it, for 
they brought with them not a few of the strongest and 
best elements of their Puritan character. 

The home training of their childhood and youth had 
been passed under the best moral and religious influence, 
and they aimed to transplant and cherish the same in the 
place of their adoption, as their history conclusively proves. 
As to the age of the first settlers, the majority of them 
were yoimg rather than old. A few there "were with gray 
hairs and showing mark of life's struggle, whose families 
were already' established and their children grown to 
maturity and fully prepared, both intellectually and physi- 
cally, to take an active part in maintaining the interests 
and welfare of their new home, but these were the excep- 
tions rather than the rule, for the records of deaths of the 
the pioneers in these settlements show that they were 
from tw^enty-five to fort\^ years of age, and of course in 
the full vigor of their manhood and \vomanhood, while 
the fact that some were older served to qualif}- the energy 
with a larger share of wisdom and discretion. In the 
matter of education and general intelligence, it may be said 
that they were fully equal to the neighbors they left behind 



in the older settlements. At that time the school training 
was not the best, books were few and not easily obtained, 
and the newspaper of the present day was almost 
unknown; and therefore, jnd.u^ed by modern standards, the 
learning of these laborious and hard workiii,*; lamilies 
could not be very great. 

The first settlement to be made on land now within the 
limits of Troy, was made by William Barker, snp])()se(l to 
have been a native of Westborough, Mass. He was one 
of the original proprietors of Monadnock No. 5, or 
Marlborough, and had drawn several lots in the division, 
and perhaps because of this financial interest he was leil 
to explore this region, which he did in 1761, and selected 
a location on West Hill with a view of making it his 
future residence. He made but a short stop and the next 
year retiu-ned, bringing with him tools to make a clearing 
for his house, and provisions for a limited time, £ind it is 
supposed he felled the first trees and built the first cam|) 
in this then wild land, which must have been a lonelv 
experience, but the hope and promise of a new land caused 
him to endure and persevere alone by day and night. 

His supply of provisions becoming exhausted, he retrjiced 
his steps homeward, having made a beginning for a per- 
manent settlement. He returned in the spring of 1764, 
enlarged his clearing, constructed a log house, and pre- 
pared the way for the removal of his family. Ejirly in the 
following fall, with his wife and three small children, they 
bid adieu to their many neighbors and friends and started 
upon their long and trying journey. Their mode of con- 
veyance was an ox team, which at that time was a first- 
class method of traveling. Their progress was slow, as 
the roads were in poor condition, but they easily reached 
Winchendon, from which there was no road; and they liad 
to get on the best they could through the forest I)y 


following the direction of marked trees, and with their load 
and method of traveling", this part of their journey was 
extremely difficult; and just how long it took them to 
make this distance of less than twenty miles, we have no 
record to show, but after much toil and many slight acci- 
dents, they arrived at their new home the 17th day of 
September, 1764, w^e must say, thankful their destination 
was reached and showing no disposition to retrace their 
steps, "the first family that moved into Monadnock No. 5." 

Their neighbors and companions were now the bear, 
the w^olf, the panther, the hawk and the ])artridge. Dur- 
ing the first year they were dependent for most of their 
provisions upon the neighboring towns, and Mr. Barker 
consequently had to make several journeys to Northfield 
and Westborough to obtain the requisite supplies, but 
after that, his lands being tolerably productive, he w^as 
obliged to obtain but little from these towns except gro- 
ceries, and these being expensive luxuries were only spar- 
ingly and economically used. 

For the first few years they must have felt some of the 
privations incident to a pioneer life, but they may have 
been of those individuals to whom solitude imparts a 
most delightful charm. They could but have felt that the^' 
w^ere sowing for others to reap. Be this as it may, w^e 
have no evidence that they Avere not contented with their 
lot, or that they did not take as much comfort in their 
family in this quiet retreat as they could have taken 
amidst the busy scenes of a populous towni. For more 
than a year they were the only family in this section, 
their nearest neighbors being away some three or four 
miles ; so that the influence of society beyond the limits of 
their own family circle could have been but little felt. 

A road having been built past his residence in 1770, he 
opened a public house which he kept some eight or ten 

EAKLv surruiKs. 29 

years, and was the first iniblic house in the township. 
His sign was an npright jjost with an arm jjrojccting 
from the top, upon the end of which was the i)ictin-e of a 

In 1765, a settlement was made in the eastern ])art of 
the township. Silas Fife came to Monadnock No. 5 
from Bolton, Mass. He was a young man, and having 
heard much of the undevclo])ed resources of this region 
and of its adaptability for farming purposes, he deter- 
mined to visit it with a view of purchasing a tract for a 
farm. Consequently in the spring of this year he started, 
accompanied only by his trusty dog and gun, and with a 
small quantity of food strapped upon his back. Upon his 
arrival he purchased a lot of land on East Hill, including 
most of the Deacon Abel Baker farm, now owned by 
Oliver P. Whitcomb. Here he constructed a rude hut, or 
perhaps a cave, as a temporary shelter, near the entrance 
of which he cooked his food, while within he slejjt during 
the night, gun in hand, ready at a moment's warning to 
send Bruin ho\vling from his presence. 

Young Fife seemed to be [jossessed of an adventurous 
spirit to which this wild region was well adapted. He 
was an excellent shot and fond of the chase, and the 
abundance of game in the vicinity of the mountain 
afforded ample scope for the exercise of his skill. As his 
supply of food during the first few months of his residence 
was limited, he was obliged to depend upon his favorite 
amusement for his daily sustenance, and whenever he felt 
the pangs of hunger, the sharp crack of his rifle was 
pretty certain to bring him relief. 

For several summers he toiled on alone, clearing his 
ground and bringing it into a state of cultivation ; in the 
meantime he built a house, and then, thinking, like many 
others, that he had ex])erieneed fully his share of the 


sweets of single blessedness, married Abigail Houghton, a 
young lady from his native town, and took her to his 
wilderness home. They were married in Boston, Mass., 
Aug. 15, 1772. Mrs. Fife was bnt little accustomed to 
the rude life she had here chosen, and it is therefore no 
wonder that many perplexing incidents should happen to 
her in the discharge of her household duties ; one of which 
she often related in after years ^vith great merriment. A 
few days after becoming settled in her new home, she 
undertook to bake some pies which were on pewter plates, 
and placed in a heated stone oven. Shortly afterward, 
on looking into the oven, it is perhaps unnecessary to add, 
she found the plates a liquid mass, rolling about in dif- 
ferent directions. A few such lessons probably served to 
correct her judgment and led her to avoid similar unpleas- 
ant casualties. 

In 1767, a large number of individuals came to these 
townships, purchased land, and made preparations for 
taking up their abode here, and in the following year 
eleven individuals, and some of them with families, settled 
on territory now in Troy, and included the following: 
Thomas Tolmati, Caleb Winch, 

Phineas Farrar, Jonathan Shaw, 

Richard Roberts, Jonah Harrington, 

James Brewer, David Wheeler, 

John Farrar, Joseph TifiFany, 

Ezekiel Mixer. 

Thomas Tolman came from Dorchester, Mass., and was 
the son of Henry and Mary Tolman, whose ancestors 
were reported to have been among the first settlers of 
Boston and vicinity. He purchased a large tract of land 
of the heirs of Sampson Stoddard, who was proprietor of 
most of the land in this section. The forest was ver}- 
heavy here, and he felled with his own hands the first tree 
to make an opening for the log house into which he 


moved his family as early as 1768. This hut stood on 
the E. H. Tolman farm, now owned by E. P. Kind)all, 
and was located in the southeast corner of the field in 
front of the house. After clearing a few acres of ground 
he built a grist mill, and a few years later he l)uilt a saw- 
mill, and as soon as it was in operation, having plenty of 
lumber at his command, he commenced making i)re])ara- 
tions for building a 1)etter house and soon exchanged the 
log hut for a good substantial frame house, which he 
afterwards opened as an inn. 

This was the first house built and occupied in what is 
now the village of Troy. This was the house now owned 
by Mrs. Sarah Brown, formerly occupied by Josei)h 
Haskell, and is the oldest house in town. Its position 
has been changed, as it formerly stood farther back and 
with the end towards the common, and it has been con- 
siderably changed by repairs. Being an active, athletic 
and vigorous man, he made great improvements, and in 
the forest which then covered the ground now occu])icd 
by the village, he cut the first tree that bowed to the 
woodman's axe; he built the first house and was the first 
settler. Mr. Tolman was a man of considerable impor- 
tance in the early history of this region, and he lived to 
see settled around him many neighbors to whom he was 
a faithful friend and upright citizen. 

Phineas Farrar was the sixth generation in descent from 
Jacob Farrar, who settled in Lancaster, Mass., in 1G5S, and 
was the eldest son of Josiah and Hannah Farrar. He came 
to Monadnock No. 5 in 1768, and purchased several lots of 
land, and built a small house near where J. M. Foster now 
lives. About this time he married Lovina Warren, of 
Marlborough, Mass., and immediately removetl to his new 
house, where he addressed himself to the work of convert- 
ing a dense forest into a productive farm. In 1773 or 


1774. he went to Xewfane, Vt., where he resided about 
two years, at the expiration of which time he returned 
and purchased a lot of land comprising most of the Elisha 
H. Tolman farm upon which he built a house. Here he 
lived imtil 1778, when he exchanged farms with Benoni 
Robl)ins or sold the same and returned to the location he 
first purchased. Here he built a new and commodious 
house and ^vas soon joined by his veneralile father and 
mother from Sudbiu'v, who came to spend the remainder 
of their days with him. He obtained possession of nearh^ 
all the land comprising the farms formerly owned by 
Joseph \l. Forristall, and those owned l3y Gregory Law- 
rence and Farwell (). Cobb. He kept a public house for 
many 3'ears and was prominent in all town affairs, and 
was representative from Marlborough for several terms. 

Col. Richard Roberts came to Alonadnock in 1768, 
from Bolton, Mass., and located where Wilford E. Parker 
now lives. He afterwards lived in several different places. 
He was a man of ordinary height, very corpulent, with a 
stern, commanding appearance, but a benevolent disposi- 
tion. He was a man of untiring energy, and took a very 
conspicuous part in all public business of the town, show- 
ing he was esteemed by those who had the best ineans of 
knowing his real merit. He had more wealth than most 
of his neighbors and often assisted the poor in many 
ways. During the Revolutionary period he kept a public 
house on the road leading from the Parker Butler place to 
Geo. A. Porter's. He died in his chaise, Sept. 10, 1801, 
while retin-ning from Keene, and was foinid In- the side of 
the road near the village of South Keene. 

Jatnes Brewer came from Sudbury, now Wayland, 
Mass., in 1768 or 1769, being one of a party of eleven 
who came into the Monadnock region at that time. He 
]nnx'hased a lot of one himdred and t\vent\' acres of land. 

£'.4A'Lr SETTLERS. 33 

being lot 23 in Monadnock Xo. 5, drawn by Samuel Coch- 
ran, building a log house which stood near where Alx'l 
Garfield formerly lived, to which he removed his family, 
and like all the early settlers, his time was principallv 
employed in clearing and tilling the soil. He possessed 
naturally a strong mind which was considerably improved 
by education; and in his intercourse with his fellow men 
he was upright, affable, and readily secured their confi- 
dence and esteem ; consequently he was often jiromoted to 
stations of honor and responsibility. 

In 1770, he was one of the town committee in Monad- 
nock No. 5, to assist in selecting a site and building the 
first meeting house, and also of the committee to choose 
the first minister, the Rev. Joseph Cummings. He also 
served on the committee chosen later to settle the diflncul- 
ties between the church and the minister. 

It is said that he was one of the party of men. who 
disguised as Indians, at Boston, Dec. 16, 1773, went to 
the w^harf and emptied into the harbor, some three hun- 
dred and forty chests of tea, brought to the ])ort by three 
vessels from India. This protest, known as the "Boston 
Tea I^arty," was against the taxation of the colonies. 

During that early period there were no schools, and he 
was often employed in teaching the children of the neigh- 
borhood, and took delight in having them gather round 
him to "set them copies and give them stuns." 

At the commencement of hostilities with Great Britain, 
he enlisted in the Patriot cause and was an eflicient officer 
in the Revolutionary army, and was at the Battle of 
Bunker Hill, and subsequently at Ticonderoga. Having 
served his time he returned home. The war was not 
ended and a meeting was called at Marlborough, Feb. 13, 
1781, for the purpose of devising some method to fill their 
quota, which at that time was no easy task, for the 


town had as yet spent but little in paying bounties to 
those who had served, as those who had enlisted had 
done so more from a sense of duty and love of eountry, 
than for the sake of obtainino; bounties. The Continental 
eurreney had depreciated so in value at this time as to be 
Avorth but little or nothing". Mr. Brewer was moderator 
of this meeting and made the town the following pro- 
posals. "If I engage for the town for three years, I will 
have five hundred dollars, Continental money ; one hun- 
dred dollars, the old way the first year, one-half in four 
months if I serve six months, and one hundred dollars 
more for the second year, if I serve six months in the 
second year, and one hundred more if I serve the third 
year six months more." These proposals were accepted and 
the selectmen were instructed to give him security for the 
above sums in behalf of the town. 

He ^vas one of the number who signed the Declaration 
of the Committee of Safety, and also the agreejnent by 
which the inhabitants pledged their faith and honor that 
they would not import, sell, purchase, or consume any 
kinds of East India teas, nor suffer the same to be used or 
consumed in their respective families, until the duties 
should be taken off. 

Soon after the Declaration of Independence, the Conti- 
nental Congress sent out to the various Assemblies of the 
States, articles signed by all the members of the Congress, 
which w^ere designed to perpetuate union between the 
States, and these were sent to the several towns for their 
approval. These articles of confederation were rejected by 
a majority of the votes in the state. 

Another convention was called June, 1781, which held 
nine sessions before a plan was devised that was wholly 
accepted, not closing until Oct. 1782. This was not 
accepted by the town of Marlborough, at a meeting in 


Nov. 1782, and James Brewer was one of a committee of 
seven chosen to draw up an amendment whicli was 
accepted at an adjourned meetino: a week later, and he 
was also one of the signers of the Constitution of New 
Hampshire, which was declared to be such June, 17S4-. 

John Farrar was a native of Framinoham, Mass., and 
a highly respected and honored citizen belorc he came to 
Monadnock No. 4, which was about 176S, as in ()ct()l)cr 
of that year he was chosen a member of a committee to 
locate a meeting house and layout a burying groimd. It 
is not certain that he removed his family until some vears 
later, as his youngest child is recorded as having been 
baptised in Framingham in 1771. In 1769, it ai)pears he 
held the office of deputy sheriff in Middlesex County, 
Mass., and he held other important offices in Framingham 
as late as 1771. 

It is quite probable that for some years after 1768 he 
retained his residence in Framingham, w^hile he w^as active 
in promoting the civil and religious interests of Monatl- 
nock No. 4, going back and forth between the two places 
as circumstances seem to require. He w^as twice married, 
his first Avife having been a daughter of Rev. John vSwii't 
of Framingham, wdio left two children, two others having 
died in infancy, while his second wife, Deborah Winch, had 
nine children. 

Caleb Winch came from Framingham, Mass., and 
settled in the eastern part of the town in 1768, building 
for himself a log house. He was an intelligent and useful 
citizen and became a man of note in the township; he 
was energetic and enterprising, and deeply interested in 
all measures concerning the public welfare. He was 
one of the six original members of the church in I'it/wil- 
liam, and took a conspicuous ])art in all ])ul)lic hnsiness 
of the town, his name fre(piently a])])earing upou the 


records of the town, both of the proprietors and town in 
connection with important offices. Although not pos- 
sessed of a liberal education, he appears to have had more 
than ordinary talents which left conspicuous "footprints 
upon the sands of time." His wife's name was Mehitable, 
and they had ten children born between 1770 and 1788. 
Mr. Winch died in 1826. 

Jonathan Shaw and Jonah Harrington Avere early 
settlers, but no account can be given of the early life or 
place of residence of the former. He built a house on 
Hunt Hill, so-called, west of the jilace now owned l)y H. 
W. Eastman, on an old road which formerly commenced 
near the foot of the hill and terminated in the present 
traveled road, west of the place nov^ owned by John 
Tatro. The latter was the son of Daniel and Mary Har- 
rington, one of the early grantees of the township. He 
was born in Marlborough, Mass., in 1748, and married 
Damaris Warren of Marlborough, in 1769, and soon after 
his marriage he came to this section and was the first 
settler on the Lemuel Brown place. He owned most of 
the land extending eastward from the road by his house 
to the lots owned by Silas Fife and Richard Robberts. 
Both Shaw and Harrington lived on their respective places 
some ten or fifteen years and then removed to Vermont. 
Harrington sold his place to Daniel Cutting. 

David Wheeler came from Marlborough, Mass., prob- 
ably about 1770, and purchased a lot of land and was 
the first settler on the farm now owned by Samuel A. 
Mason, his purchase including the farms formerly owned 
by Amasa Fuller, Artemas Bemis, Asa and Luther Bemis 
and George Lovering. The low land in this vicinity was 
at that time covered with a heavy grov^th of ash trees, 
and from these trees young Wheeler split out the timber 
with which he built quite a substantial house on a small 


swell a little south of the i)resent barn. He lived here 
alone some four or five years, when he married Rebeeea 
Hoar. From what is said of him we learn that he was 
an honest, hardworkino- man, and a "ood farmer, and 
that he was highly esteemed is fully attested bv the 
numerous offices which he held within the gift of his fel- 
low citizens. 

Of James Tiffany and Ezekiel Mixer but little can 1)e 
said, as there is but little recorded of them, and the most 
that is known is from traditionary re])orts. Tiffany came 
from Attleborough, Mass., and settled on West Hill on 
the Milan Corey place, where he lived until .about 1772, 
when he sold his land to Moses Kenne3% after which all 
trace of him is lost. Ezekiel Mixer w^as the son of John 
Mixer of Framingham, and made the first improvements 
on the Daniel Farrar farm. He Imilt a small house aud 
lived there until 1775, clearing the land and bringing it 
into good condition for the bearing of crops. 

During the twelve years from 17G8 to 17S0, Init very 
few settlers came into these townshi])s, being due in ])art, 
at least, to the disturbed condition of the country caused 
by the Revolutionary war and the controversies with 
Great Britain, which caused a very unsettled state oi 
affairs, the public being more earnestly engaged in seeking 
their independence from the yoke of the English govern- 
ment, than in acquiring new homes in the wilderness. 

The following it is believed are the most of the immi- 
grants who settled here during this period. 

Benjamin Tolnian, Joslnia Ilaniniilon, 

Jacob Newell, Duncan Cameron, 

Moses Kenney, .h'li" I5i ucc, 

Henry Morse, Tiiomas Clark. 

Daniel Lawrence, Agabus Hisliop, 

Daniel Cutting, Abner Haskell. 

Joseph Cutting, J()sci>li I-orristall, 


Reuben Ward, John Goddinja^, 

Icliabod Shaw, Alexander Parkman, 

Peter Starke^-, Joseph Nourse, 

Jonatlian Lawrence, Daniel Farrar. 

Benjamin Tolnian was a brother of Thomas, before 
mentioned, and \vas born in Dorchester, Mass. He resided 
some years in Attleborongh, from Avhich place he came to 
Monadnock No. 4, about 1770, and bnilt a loo- house. 
He married Hepzibeth, daughter of Jacob Newell, and lived 
in this house until about 1780, when he removed to a 
new house which he had built on the opposite side of the 
road and about one hundred rods west of the present 
residence of John Tatro and on land no\v o^vned by E. P. 
Kimball. The old well can be found in the Avail by the 
side of the road. At the time of his settlement there was 
no road in that ])art of the township, and finding it con- 
venient to have one to reach his hut and farm, and the 
Proprietors being slow to furnish one, he proceeded to 
clear and make one for himself, and this he did without 
following stake and stones set by a court's committee, or 
asking leave of the intervening owners of the territory, 
and if it was not in all respects what is required at the 
present day, no complaint was ever made against it and 
no damages ever paid for injury to horse or carriage. It 
vsras considered in keeping with all the other conveniences 
of life in those times, when to earn their living by the 
SAveat of the brow was the lot of ever\' one. In 1790, he 
sold his place to one Sweetland, and removed to another 
lot, building another log hovise and commencing anew to 
clear the land. This w^as the farm afterwards occupied by 
his son Stephen, and here he spent the remainder of his days. 

Jacob Newell, was the son of Jacob Newell of Attic- 
borough, from which place he came in 1769 or 1770, and 
was the second settler in what is now the village. He 


purchased most probably of William Barker, most of the 
land comprising the farms formerly owned by William 
Harris, William Whitcomb, Stillman Newell, Hemis and 
Clark and Stephen Wheeler. He also obtained a i)art of a 
lot in the north part of the village, and built a log house on 
the spot now^ occupied by the residence of Mrs. Abel Burpee. 

View of Main St. Looking South from near Congregational Church. 

He lived there man}' years, clearing most of the land in 
that vicinity. After a time he replaced the log with a 
frame house, and in the mean time he purchased of 
Thomas Tolman an interest in the new grist mill, prob- 
ably one-fourth part, as there was a deed of such a part 
from Jacob Newell to Joshua Harrington, and dated the 
"27th day of May, 1776, and in the 16th year of the 
reign of George the 3d." A few years later he sold his 
house and several acres of land to Ebenezer Tolman and 
built another on the farm now owned by Franklin Whit- 
comb, wdiere he resided most of the time till the close of 
his life. 

Moses Kenney came from Marlborough. Mass., about 
the year 1772, and purchased the farm then owned by 
James Tiffany, where he resided till 177S, when he sold to 


Moses Cutting, and moved to Vermont. His residence 
here was short, and his name seldom appears upon the 
records. Henry Morse came from Charlestown, Mass., in 
1773, and settled in Swanzey on a lot of land which was 
afterward severed from that township and annexed to 
Troy, and is what is known as the Jonathan Clark farm. 
Before coming to Swanze^^ his occupation had been an 
innkeeper, and undoubtedly he selected this location with 
the view of pursuing his favorite occupation, as it was a 
very judicious one, it being on the main road from Swan- 
zey to Boston, and with no other public house in the 
vicinity. In those days of transjjortation by team, the 
travel must have been considerable, and the situation and 
good management soon made a lucrative business, for in 
a few years the house first built was found too small to 
accommodate the increasing business, and a larger and 
more commodious one was built in 177S. Mr. Morse 
kept the house iintil his death in 1786. 

Daniel Law^rence was a native of Weston, Mass., where 
he passed his minority with his parents on a farm. He 
married Elizabeth Graves of Sudbury-, in 1773, and in the 
following year, leaving his wife behind him, he came to 
Alarlborough and purchased a lot of land of Jonah Har- 
rington, which included most of the farm now known as 
the John Lawrence place. He built a log house near the 
site of the present buildings, doubtless intending to remove 
his family soon, but the breaking out of the Revolutionar3' 
war changed his plans, for he entered the army. He arrived 
at Cambridge about the middle of June, and was among 
the number detached from the main army to fortify Bun- 
ker Hill, and fought under Prescott in that battle. At 
the end of eight months he received an honorable dis- 
charge and returned to Weston, making preparations to 
move to the selected place for his future residence, which 


he did in the spring of 177G, with his wife and onecliiUl, 
making the toilsome journey with an ox team, the usual 
mode of conveyance in those days, taking ])ossession ol' 
the previously abandoned log house. He cleared most of 
the land comprising this farm and erected i)art of the 
present buildings. He was an industrious farmer, having 
little to do with i)ublic business, as his name hut seldom 
appears upon the town records, and at the time of his 
death, which occurred in l.s:}2, he had accumuhitcd con- 
siderable property. 

Daniel Cutting was the son of Moses and Alarv Strat- 
ton Cutting of Framingham, and came to Marlborough in 
1773, and located on the Timothy Fife place. In 1779, he 
purchased of Jonah Harrington, the farm at the North 
end now owned by Charles D. Farrar, and formerly owned 
by Calvin Barnard. He built a saw mill near where C. 
D. Farrar's pail shop now stands. He lived there some 
sixteen years, his time being divided between his farm and 
mill, and possessing more than ordinary business capacity 
he managed both to good advantage. He was a man of 
considerable energy and public spirit, and deserving the 
confidence of his fellow men. He frequently took iin iictive 
part in the business transactions of the town, and it 
appears his services were very acceptable to the people. 
But having been called to experience severe affliction in the 
death of his wife, by which his ffimily circle w£is broken 
up, he removed back to Framingham in 1795, where he 
married Mrs. Martha Brown. He resided there until his 
death in 1812. His first wife was vSubmit Ball, whom he 
married in 1771. 

Joseph Cutting, brother of Daniel, came to Marlborough 
in 1775. From the manner in which he left Framingham 
it appears he had no ide£i of devoting his life to the ser- 
vice of his country, and that he possessed but little 


Revolutionary spirit. Upon receiving intelligence that he 
had been drafted to enter the army, he fled from his native 
town, and after wandering about some time in disguise, 
directed his steps towards Monadnock. When he had 
advanced so far as to be relieved from the fear of being 
recognized, he pursued a more open course; and on one 
occasion, seeing a group of men in the distance, he ventured 
among them to learn the subject of their deliberations. 
But what was his surprise to see posted on the walls of a 
building, a large bill offering" a re\vard of twenty pounds 
for the arrest of Joseph Cutting. His self-possession did 
not desert him and he simply remarked that as he was 
nearly destitute of money, he would like to capture the 
fugitive and obtain the proffered reward. He did not ex- 
cite suspicion and was ])ermitted to pursue his journey, 
soon reaching the place of his destination where he was 
safe from his pursuers. He worked for the settlers as 
opportunity presented and soon accumulated a little prop- 
erty. The war ended, he emerged from his retreat and 
after a time was married, but to whom is not known. 
He built a house on the farm now owned l)y Franklin 
Whitcomb and a little west of the present buildings. After 
living in this house for a short time, he purchased the 
farm known as the Jotham H. Holt place on West Hill, 
building a house west of where the buildings now stand. 
He afterwards built the present buildings where he lived 
until his death in 1823. 

During his retreat he manufactured a cane from the 
root of a tree, in which he made a pipe that he might be 
able to enjoy his habit of smoking. This cane is now 
owned by one of his descendants. 

Moses Cutting, another brother of Daniel, came here at 
an early date, probably before 1775. In 1778, he pur- 
chased of Moses Kenney the Abel Garfield farm, and moved 


there with his family. After residin.o- there about twelve 
years, he sold the farm to John Colhurn of Lineoln, and 
bought the Samuel h\qrrar farm, recently owned bv Wil- 
lard White, and built the present house. He was of a 
quiet, retiring disposition, seldom taking part in pulilic 
affairs, but em])loyed his time mostly in cultivating his 
farm, although he is said to have possessed great mechani- 
cal ingenuity and could make anything that had ever been 
accomplished by human skill. He died in 1834, and being 
a member of the order of Free and Accepted Masons, was 
buried with Masonic honors. 

Reuben Ward, son of Phineas and Mary Ward, came 
here from Marlborough, Mass., his native town, in 1774, 
and purchased the farm then owned by Richard Robberts, 
now owned by the heirs of Hamilton I^arker. It is said 
that both himself and wife inherited a large propert}' from 
their ancestors, so that he had ample means for paying 
for and improving his farm, conducting the same with 
strict economy. It is said that he had but little to do 
with his neighbors; would seldom borrow or lend, but 
would contrive to satisfy all his wants from his own 
resources. His plans were laid after mature deliberation, 
and he was usually successful in carrying them out ; and 
at his death, which occurred Jan. S, 1800, he was consid- 
ered the wealthiest man in Marlborough. 

Ichabod Shaw, a brother of Jonathan Shaw before 
mentioned, came here in 1774, and settled on a lot where 
H. W. Eastman lives. His history is obscure, but he prob- 
ably made the first clearing on the land and built a house 
near the site of the present buildings, where he resided 
with his family until 1797, when he sold out and moved 
to Vermont. 

Peter Starkey was the son of John, and the grandson 
of Andrew, who settled in Attlcborough, Mass., in 1754, 


and spent most of the earh- part of his life in that town. 
Early in 1776, he came to Monadnock No. 5, with his 
wife and four brothers, John, Benjamin, Enoch and Joseph. 
He piu'chased a lot of land of Joseph Tiffany and built a 
house near the Milan Corey place on West Hill, now 
owned by J. M. Foster. He resided there until 1787, 
when he exchanged locations with John Wright, which 
Avas the place upon which Benjamin Tolman first settled, 
where he lived imtil his death in February, 1821. His 
brother John, married Mary Godding and lived and died 
here. Benjamin was never married but lived with his 
brother Joseph, who married Waitstill Morse and settled 
in Richmond. Enoch settled in what was called the 
Crocker pasture, a part of Fitzwilliam afterwards annexed 
to Swanzey. He died in Troy in 1823. 

Jonathan LaAvrence, a brother of Daniel, came here in 
1777, and bought of his brother the lot now comprising 
the farm owned by Charles S. Starkey. He married T^ucy 
Moore of Sudbury, Mass., and lived several 3'ears in a log 
house until he cleared a consid'erable part of the land and 
got it in a good condition, when he built a luore con- 
venient house. As his name does not appear upon the 
record of any public meeting it is supposed he was one 
who preferred private life and never took any part in 
public assemblies. 

Joshua Harrington was a native of Framingham, where 
he \vas born in 1718. He came here about 1774, and lived 
a few years in the house with Thomas Tolman. About 
1780, he bought the Tiffany mill privilege, and saw and 
grist mills of Thomas Tolman, which received the most of 
his attention until his death in 1784. The saw mill was 
converted to other uses in a few years, but the grist mill 
was kept in operation by his son Joshua, and grandsons 
Joshua and Elijah, until 1840, when the location was sold 


to Luke Harris. His son Joshua succeeded to the business. 
He married EHzabeth Brigham of Shrewsbury, in 1780, and 
several years after he purchased of Thomas Tohnan some 
fifty-three acres of land, which included most of the farm 
formerly owned by Eri J. S])aulding, and l)uilt the house 
which constituted the old ell to the Spaulding house which 
was torn down in 1887, and in which he lived until his 
death, Sept. 20, 183-1. He was a very industrious man 
and a good citizen. He was of medium height but very 
corpulent, which made him so infirm in the later years of 
his life that he could perform but little labor. 

Duncan Caineron was a native of Scotland, and being 
a member of the British army at the commencement of the 
hostilities with America, he came to this country and 
served under General Burgoyne. In 1777, he accompanied 
the expedition of that ofl[icer from Quebec to the Hudson, 
and was in the battles of Bennington, Yt., and Stillwater, 
N. Y., and was among the number surrendered to General 
Gates on the 17th of October. Unlike most of those who 
Avere taken prisoners with him, he chose to remain in this 
country and share the fortune of the people whom he had 
been hired to crush, and iipc^n being exchanged came here 
and located, purchasing the land which Phineas Farrar 
had commenced to improve near where J. M. Foster lives, 
and made a successful farmer. He lived there until about 
1798, when he removed to Yermont. The house in which he 
resided remained vacant a few years and was then burned. 

John Bruce was a native of Sudbury, Mass., and came 
here with his wife, Mary Joslin, and eight children, about 
1775, and settled on the premises previously occu])icd l)y 
"Ezekiel Mixer. He was killed June 3, 1779, "by logs at 
saw mill." But little is known about his family or 

Thomas Clark came from Wrentham, Mass., and settled 


on land purchased of Thomas Tolmau, in the south part 
of the town. Like most of the earW settlers he built a 
log house to be the home of himself and family, near the 
brook that passes through the valley. Unlike the log 
houses of that time in having a fireplace and chimney at 
one side or in one comer, this was warmed from a stone 
fireplace in the center of it. the smoke escaping through a 
hole in the roof left uncovered for that purpose. He was 
industrious as well as ingenious, and in addition to carry- 
ing on his farm, made various articles of wood for house- 
hold use. as plates, trays, mortars, bowls and spoons, 
either entirely by hand or b^- means of the rudely con- 
structed lathe of those da\'s. This served to increase his 
income, for they no doubt found a ready sale, for in fami- 
lies of moderate means wooden dishes were generally used, 
as crockery was too expensive and perishable, although 
pewter plates and cups were used to some extent. At a 
little later date, brown earthemware was substituted for 
the wooden and pewter dishes. 

Mr. Clark was prospered in his business and soon 
acquired the means for building a more convenient house 
and of living in more comfortable circumstances. He died 
in 1818, quite advanced in years, and few men left a 
better example or were more generally beloved. 

Agabus Bishop also came from Wrentham, and settled 
near vehere Benjamin Tolman first settled. When he moved 
his family he came in a ver\' unusual manner, for instead 
of using an ox team, as had nearly all who had preceded 
him, he came with a horse and wagon, and for some years 
this was the only horse in that part of the town. An 
animal so rare must have been in great demand, and it is 
quite probable carried to the mill most of the grain raised 
in the neighborhood for several years. Mr. Bishop built a 
frame house about the same time as did his neighbor 


Clark, in which he resided until his death about 179S. 

Abner Haskell was a native of Harvard, Mass., and 
came here about 1778. and located on the Howard Clark 
farm near where James Carjjcnter now lives. Their first 
habitation was a log hut, but in a few years Mr. Haskell 
Iniilt a more commodious house and out-buildings, which 
were burned in 1830. The present buildings were built by 
a grandson of Mr. Haskell. Mrs. Haskell was Martha 
Ward, a sister of Reid)en Ward, previously mentioned. 
They had a family of four children, tw^o sons and two 
daughters. He served as selectman of Fitzwilliani in 1785. 
He died in 1809, quite advanced in years, and his son 
Joseph succeeded to his inheritance. 

Joseph Forristall was born in Holliston, Mass., and 
spent his early life upon a farm. At the breaking out of 
the Revolutionary war he entered the Continental army 
and was stationed at Tieonderoga, but after three months' 
service was discharged and returned to Holliston, where 
he married Hannah Alellen in 1778. This young coui)le 
came here about 1781, and located in the south part of 
the town near where Xahum Green lives. The one hun- 
dred and twenty acres of land upon which they settled 
were purchased b3' the father of the bride, who came with 
Mr. Forristall and aided him in making a clearing and 
])artia]lv building a frame house. This was in the autumn, 
and early in the following spring, he came with his 
wife, taking possession of their dwelling, though the floor 
was not laid until the succeeding f^ill. Having been reared 
in comfortable circumstances it must have been hard to 
commence life in such a rude manner, but ])ossessing 
energv, strength and courage thev soon made themselves 
a comfortable home. A neat and commodious house took 
the place of the rude hut, and abundant crops that of the 
primeval forest. By industry and economy they soon 


acquired a competence, In'inging- up a large family of chil- 
dren and living to a good old age. Air. Forristall built 
two houses on the farm, the first the small one alread^^ 
mentioned which was occupied until about 1809, when he 
erected a larger and more substantial one. Few men with 
equal means accomplished more than did Air. Forristall. 
He did not amass great wealth, but every dollar he pos- 
sessed was the result of honest labor. Fraud and specu- 
lation had no place in his code of life; he rendered to 
every one an equivalent for all their demands. Without 
noise or ostentatious display, the example of such a person 
creates an influence that is siu'c to be felt. 

The Godding family, consisting of the widow of John 
Godding, and eight children, four sons and four daughters, 
came froin Attleborough, Alass., in 1779, and settled on 
the place now owned by Samuel A. Alason. The eldest 
son John was a capable and energetic young man, and he 
made the purchase of the land and arranged all the mat- 
ters of the removal of his mother and children. He married 
Polly Robbins (>f Warwick, Alass., and lived on the farm 
he first purchased until about 1795, when he sold out and 
purchased another lot about one-fourth mile southeast of 
the P'ranklin AVoodward farm. He lived there some four- 
teen 3'ears when he moved to Wallingford, Vt., where he 
lived some years and then moved to the western part of 
New York. The eldest child, Alary, was twice married; 
her first husband was John Starkey, Jr., sixth son of John 
Starkey of Attleborough, who died in Troy ; her second 
husband was Jacob Newell, who has already 1)een men- 
tioned. Another daughter married Bethuel Bishop and 
removed to Shrewsbury, Vt., where the}- died. The third 
daughter married Isaac Jackson and lived here several 
years, when they moved to Wallingford, \'t., where they 
died. The fourth, married Jesse Bishop and settled near 


the Thomas Clark ])lace. Asa, the younoest cliild, never 
married, and died at an early age. William, the next 
Yonnger, went to Burke, \'t., a single man, where he lived 
until his death. Timothy married Ruth R()l)bins, sister oi" 
his brother John's wife, in 1790, and lived with liini on 
the farm first purehased until it was sold. He then i)ur- 
chased a farm and built a house this side of the Franklin 
Woodward plaee where he lived until 1)S5(). He then 
moved to Wincliendon, Mass., and lived with son Alvah, 
who was a well known physieian. Mrs. Godding died in 
Troy in 1854, and he died in Winchendon in 1856. He 
was a resident of Troy for more than seventy years, and but 
feAV men have left behind a better influence upon the ])e()ple. 
Of the early life of Alexander Parkman but little infor- 
mation can be given. He probably settled here as early 
as 1777 or 1778, and located near where the Troy 
Blanket Mills now stand. He was by trade a clothier 
and he had a fulling mill near by. Here he worked at his 
trade for several years, and found ])lenty of material to 
occupy his time in the usual dressing season, as it was 
then the custom for families to manufacture their own 
cloth. He had a share in the ])ublic business, as he was 
town clerk of Marlborough in 1784 and 1785, and also 
occupied other important ])ositions, and jirobably dis- 
charged his duties to the satisfaction of the i)e()])le. 
About 1788, he removed to Cherry Valley, N. V., and 
employed William Tenney, vSr., who with an ox team 
conveyed his family and goods as far as Bennington, \t.. 
where thev were overtaken by a scA'cre storm and obliged 
to halt. Finding it impossible to proceed farther witli 
his load, Mr. Tenney returned, leaving I'arkman to fmd 
other means of conveyance when the traveling became 
favorable. Mr. Parkman had several sons, one of whom en- 
gaged in mercantile business in Boston and accpiired n lortune. 


Joseph Nourse and t'amily, consisting of mother, four 
sons and two daughters, came from Hopkinton, Mass., in 
1779, and settled \vhere Nahum Green now Hves. They 
lived there until 1794, when Mr. Nourse died, and his son 
Ebenezer built a house near the site of the present resi- 
dence of Moses Abare. Jonathan, the oldest child, lived 
with his parents a few years after they came to Fitzwil- 
liam and then moved to Ohio. Hannah, the eldest 
daughter, married Colmon Saunders, but it is not known 
where they settled. Joseph went away while a single 
man but afterwards married. William married Lydia, 
daughter of John Bruce, and settled on the place now 
owned by H. W. Eastman, but in a few years moved to 
Warwick. Prudence married Moseman and settled in 
Newfane, Vt. Ebenezer married Priscilla Poor of Ro3'^al- 
ston, Mass., and settled on the home farm with his 
father. Reuben, the youngest child, married Jerusha 
Bruce, and settled with his brother, and was to share 
with him the farm after the decease of their parents. In 
a few years he sold his interest in the farm to David 
White and moved to Pelham. Airs. Nourse, the mother, 
died in 1783, and Mr. Nourse in 1808, at the advanced 
age of ninety -four. 

Daniel Farrar was a descendant of Jacob Farrar who 
came to this country in 1658. He came to this vicinity 
about 1799, purchasing a lot of land of Samuel Curtis of 
Marlborough, Mass., upon which he erected a log house 
to which he removed his family and devoted his time to 
clearing and cultivating the land. The deed \vas dated 
Jan. 15, 1799, and the lot comprised most of the Daniel 
Cutting farm. He married a daughter of John Bruce. 
Occasionally' he would assist his father Bruce, who was at 
the same time clearing a part of his land, and was with 
him at the time he was killed as before mentioned. In 


1783, he removed to the Bruce farm, and the following- 
year, he sold the lot first purchased to his brother George, 
who had already lived with him there about one year. 
To the improvement of the farm upon which he now resided 
he devoted the most of his energies, and, possessing a 
strong constitution and great powers of endurance, he 
could perform more labor than usually falls to the lot of 
most men. 


SETTLERS FROM 1780 TO 1800. 




During" the next twenty years, or from 1780 to 1800, 
the population of these towns increased quite rapidly from 
the arrival of new settlers and b_v birth to the families 
already settled. 

John and Jonathan Whitney, two brothers, came from 
Dunstable, purchasing a tract of land near where Nahum 
Green now lives, upon which they built a home, construct- 
ing the same for a tavern, and was kept as such by them 
for several years, dxiring which time they did a fair amoimt 
of business and acquired considerable property. In 1778, 
they closed the house to the public and devoted their time 
to farming. For a few years they managed affairs to- 
gether, when the property was divided. About the year 
1810, Jonathan sold his interest to one Sanford, and 
moved to Hartland, Vt. John resided on the farm until 
his death in 1829. He married Mary Jones, a native of 


Framino-ham. Jonathnn settled in 1772, and John in 1 779. 

George Farrar, a brother of Daniel, settled in Marl- 
borough abont 1783. After residing with his hrother 
abont a year he pnrehased the loeation and married. He 
lived here about six years, when he sold ont and moved to 
Templeton, Mass., where he lived two years, when he 
returned and purchased a farm on West Hill, where he 
lived until he died. 

About this time, two families settled in the vicinity of 
what is now the village, but about all that is known of 
them is the family name and place of residence. The name 
of one was Berby, and the other Wesson. Herby lived 
near where Hiram C. Newton now lives. It is said he was 
quite a musician and took great delight in singing songs, 
and it is stated that on one occasion he let himself to sing 
at the rate of one potato for a song, and that he sang 
until he had olotained a peck. Wesson lived a little farther 
west on the opposite side of the road. Both families left 
town at an earl\^ date. 

Jason Winch, a native of Framingham, and brother ol" 
Caleb, came here about 17S2 or 1783, and built a tannery 
on the site of the one burned in April, 1887. He carried 
on tanning and currying for a few years, but being nn for- 
tunate in business, he closed it up and left town, jirobably 
about or before 1793. 

Near the close of 1783, one Joseph Parker built a log- 
house near the present residence of Gregory Lawrence, 
where he lived about four years, having charge of the grist 
mill built by Phineas Farrar. The mill was sold to Daniel 
Gould and he moved out of town. 

No history is known of Jonas Warren excejit that about 
1786 he erected a building on the east side of the com- 
mon, near the house now owned by Thomas Mitchell, a 
part of which was used as a store. This was the fonrth 


house in the village and the first store in to\vn. After- 
wards he erected another building adjoining on the south, 
which was used as a tavern. Both of these buildings 
were afterwards remodeled and removed and made into 
dwellings. In addition to the store and tavern, he built 
an establishment for making potash, which stood near 
the roadway leading to the land of E. P. Kimball, on 
which the picture fraine shop stood. He appears to have 
had considerable business tact, and must have contributed 
quite a good deal towards the prosperity of the town; 
but he had more interests than he could successfully man- 
age, as they failed to pay expenses, and he closed up his 
business, after a residence of about ten years, and moved 
to Vermont. 

Another early settler was Daniel Gould, \vho came 
about 1778, and settled near the Willard White place, 
making the first clearing and building a log house in 
which he lived until about 1787, when he sold to Moses 
Cutting, buying the Phineas Farrar grist mill and Joseph 
Parker house, and for the next fe\v years he earned a 
comfortable support in taking care of the mill and culti- 
vating his stnall lot of land. He had several children, one 
of whom, Abigail, married William Bruce, who was after- 
wards killed by a fall in a saw mill. The family left town 
about 1797. 

Nathaniel Kendall came in 1786. He was born in 
Providence, R. I., w^here he lived until he was about six- 
teen years of age, when he removed to Lancaster, Mass., 
and while here he lived in various places, and is said to 
have changed his place of residence twenty times. 

Hezekiah and Abraham Coolidge, two brothers from 
Sherburne, Mass., purchased of Reuben Ward one hundred 
acres of land on what is now called East Hill. They lived 
tosrether for several vears and then divided the farm. In 


1791, Abraham built a house on the plaee now owned l)y 
H. E. Mellen, where he hved until 1818, when he sold his 
farm and hired the tavern in the village, now known as 
the Monadnock Hotel, which he kept until 1824, when lie 
rented the Bailey Starkey house, where he resided until 
after the death of his wife in 1836, after which he lived 
with his daughter, Mrs. Moses Perkins, until his death in 
1843. He was a very active man and traded oecasiorially 
in cattle and sheep which he disposed of in Brighton mar- 
ket. Hezekiah continued to reside on the original place 
until the lall of 1805, when on his way to Swanzey, with 
an ox team, he fell from the cart tongue upon which he 
was riding, one wheel passing over his head, killing him 

In 1788 or 1789, Ephraim Root came from Coventry, 
Conn., with his two sons-in-law, Ebenezer and Samuel 
Bacon, buying of Jacob Newell a large tract of land which 
included the farm formerly owned by Stephen Wheeler and 
Lyman Wright, and a house where the residence of Mrs. 
A. J. Burpee now stands. He lived here with his son-in- 
law Samuel. Ebenezer built a house on the opposite side 
of the road near the house now owned by G. H. Aldrich, 
which was the fifth house built in the village. Ebenezer 
was a clothier and built a clothing mill near by. He lulled 
and colored the cloth in this mill but did the finishing in 
a part of his dwelling house. Mr. Root, soon after this, 
with the assistance of his sons-in-law, built a saw mill 
near where Charles Carpenter's saw mill stood which was 
burned about 1802. The land near the null was cleared 
the following year by a "clearing bee" which was a pre- 
vailing custom at that time, at which the citizens oi" the 
town assembled and had a jovial time in removing and 
burning the brush. 

For about eight years, Ephraim Root was one of the 


most prominent men in town, and with his sons-in-law 
gave qtiite an impetus to the lousiness of the place. But 
like the business men of today he was not successful in the 
prosecution of his plans, and becoming" embarrassed in his 
financial affairs he \vas obliged to suspend business and his 
property passed into the hands of his creditors. He 
removed to another part of the town where he died in 
indigent circumstances. About 1797, the clothing mill and 
house were purchased by John Potter, and the Bacons 
left town. 

Benoni Robbins, a coo])er by trade, came from Attle- 
borough, Alass., about 1770, and settled in the northerly 
part of Alarlborough. In 1778, he exchanged farms with 
Phineas Farrar and took up his abode on what is now^ 
known as the " Fisk place." Robbins is said to have been 
possessed of more than ordinary physical vigor, of which 
he was apt to make a vain dis])lay. He seemed to sup- 
pose that a constitution so firm was a sure gtiarantee of 
long life; and when in 1801, he contracted the small pox, 
he at first looked upon the disease as a trivial thing 
which his vital energies would soon overcome; but as it 
steadily progressed and he saw his system gradually 
vielding to its power, he was led to see the folly of his 
reliance, and died in the most heart rending; agony. This 
disease was but little known at that time in this region, 
and very naturally caiised great alarm throughout the 
towns. People fled from their homes or secluded them- 
selves in suspense, and all maintained a respectful distance. 
The excitement was so intense that it was difficult to get 
help to administer to the sick from other causes, or to 
bury the dead. He had several children ; the oldest son 
Isaac, after the death of his father, bought the farm for- 
merly owned by Daniel Cutting, where he resided for a 
number of vears, afterwards moving to Vermont. 

SETTLERS FROM 17S0 TO 1800. 57 

Of James Dean hut little information can be given. He 
probably came to Marlborough previous to 1777, as he 
was a member of Capt. James Lewis' company in Col. E. 
Hale's regiment, which marched June 29th of that vear. 
to reinforce the garrison at Ticonderoga. He was sexton 
in 1791. He married a daughter of William Barker, and 
about 1794, his father-in-law presented him with fifty 
acres of land adjoining his own farm, upon which he 
erected a house, where he lived for three or four years, 
when he sold this place to Isaac Fuller and moved to 
Grafton, Vt. 

In 1790, there was a larger number of new iidiabitants 
who came to the town than in anx"^ previous \'ear since 
1768. Among them were Jonathan Whipple, Jonathan 
Hall, Nathan Platts and John Sweetland, besides several 
others who remained but a limited period. 

Jonathan Whipple w^as a carpenter by trade and l)uilt 
a house where Charles Haskell now lives. This was a 
one-story building with the end towards the road, the 
back part of which was used as a schoolroom. He is 
represented as being a very erect, portly man, ])rom])t in 
business and a highly esteemed citizen. This was the 
sixth house in the village. The family being in humble 
circumstances most of the children left home at an early 
age. One son, Edward, learned his father's trade and 
worked with him most of the time while he lived here. 
He removed to Concord, Vt., in 1804, and was soon joined 
bv his parents and other members of the family. The 
house was afterwards removed and remodeled, and is 
the house now owned by Mrs. Samantha Whitcond). 

Jonathan Ball came from Southborough in 1787. He 
built a tavern on the Flint place, so-called, where li. V. 
Adams now lives. The main building was two stories 
hi^h and faced the highwav, with a one-story ell extending 


back. He kept public house here until 1796, when he 
sold his location to Christopher Harris and removed to 
New York. On his way there, Rebecca, one of his daugh- 
ters, was taken suddenly ill and died before reaching the 
end of the journey. 

There is a tradition respecting the large elm tree which 
now stands near the premises, and which is probably true. 
At that time there was quite a curve in the road in front 
of the house, the road passing considerably to the west of 
the present highway. In the spring of the year, after the 
winter's wood had been drawn to the dooryard, a sled 
stake was thoughtlessly stuck into the ground by the side 
of the road by Henry Tolman, which soon began to show 
signs of vitality and taking root, sent out branches and 
became a thrifty tree. At that time there w^as a bank of 
earth several feet in height on the east side of it, and the 
plat of ground above was used as a wood yard. And in 
building the turnpike on the east side of the tree, it was 
spared and became a stately monarch. 

Jonathan Platts, soon after coming here, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. Daniel Farrar, and being a 
tanner and currier by trade, commenced working the old 
Wright tannery. His father-in-law built a house for him, 
the seventh in the village, which was near where Mrs. 
Levi Whittemore lives. Being a man of but little energy, 
he soon failed in business and left town. The house was 
afterward sold to a Mr. Barnard, a blacksmith, but after 
exchanging owners several times, it was removed to wdiere 
Andrew Foster lived. 

John Sweetland came from Attleborough, Mass., about 
1784, purchasing a lot and building a house near the 
Porter White place. All traces of this as well as of other 
residences of the individuals of the past generations have 
long since been obliterated. He had several children, the 



oldest, a son, married a daughter of Daniel Oonld. In 
1798 or 1799, these families moved to Vermont. 


Main Street I^ookinc; North krom Ratlroad Hkiuc.e. 

Talmon Knights came from Tcmplcton, Mass., in 1791, 
and purchased of Phineas Farrar the land now consti- 
tuting the Cobb farm. He ]:>repared a comfortable habi- 
tation, to which he removed his family and commenced 
the arduous labor of clearing the land. At that time tlie 
highway which now leads to that farm extended on 
westward, and terminated in that on West Hill. This 
was laid out in 1774, by a c(mimittee chosen lor that 
purpose b3' the Proprietors. Mr. Knights resided here 
until 1843. 

The following year, 1792, John Garfield crime from 
Lincoln, Mass., and purchased of John Colbin-n, the farm 
afterwards owned by his descendants. He was one ol the 
patriots of the Revolution, having entered the army at 
the commencement of the war, and served his eomitry 
through that trying period. After the war he settled in 
Lincoln, where he lived nine years, when with his wile 
and ten children he came here, where he lived dm-ing the 
remainder of his life. He had the re])utation of being an 


industrious man and a good citizen. In 1793, eight 
persons with their families settled in different parts of 
the town. 

Elijah Alexander was horn in Uxbridge, Alass., in 1741, 
where he married and worked at shoeniaking until 1793, 
when he came to Marlborough and purchased a farm of 
Benoni Benson. After coming here he devoted most of his 
time to agrici^.lture, and having a large family to support 
he was oblijed to practice both industry and economy, 
ard became a highlv esteemed citizen, and he lived to see 
mo t of hi.: children and some of his grandchildren com- 
fortal^ly settled in life. 

Of Stephen Russell we know but little except that he 
caine from Xe\ ' Ipswich in 1793, and made the first clear- 
ing and built the first house on the place now owned by 
Sidney Butler, and knoAvn as the Leonardson place. Helived 
there a few vears, and then exchanging farms with Jacob 
Osborn of Keene, he removed there and died soon after. 

The first known of Abraham Randall was in 1793, 
when he was living on a farm on West Hill, although he 
might have been settled there previously. He was the 
first to make a clearing and build a house on the Stephen 
Harris place, where he lived until about 1800, \vhen he 
removed to Sw^anzey, to the Daniel Woodward farm, 
where he died. 

All that is known of Silas Cook, or Davenport, is that 
they lived a few years on the road leading from the 
Morse tavern to Richmond. 

Isaac Jackson came here from Attleborough, Mass., prob- 
ably about 1778, but little is known of him until about 
1793, when he was living on the Timothy Fife farm. 

William Stark e^^ was from Attleborough, Mass., and 
settled on the farm now occupied bA' Matthew Wilson. 

Ichabod Woodward was from Sudburv, where he 


married and where his children were born. At what time 
he came here cannot be ascertained, Imt in 1798 he lived 
on a farm immediately south of the Alorse tavern, and 
was considered one of the best farmers in that part of the 
town. He kept a larc^e stock of cattle, and few men coidd 
furnish the market with more saleable beef or produce a 
better team. But all traces of the once productive farm, 
like all of those of the first settlers in that part of the 
town, have long^ since passed awa3^ 

Jonas Robinson, or Robeson, as he spelled his name 
after comin"' to New Hampshire, was born in Lexin^^ton, 
Mass., and came here in 1791 or 1792, openino- a store in 
the house ot Reuben Ward, on the place now owned bv 
the heirs of Hamilton Parker, which he occupied for nearly 
a year. But wishing to be nearer the center of business, 
he purchased of Joshua Harrincrfon a lot of land near the 
gristmill and upon the south side of the stream, upon 
which he erected a building, the eighth in the village. 
The front part was finished for a store and the rear part 
for a dw^elling. In 1805, he opened a store in the center 
of Fitzwilliam, placing his brother-in-law, Reuben Ward, 
there as clerk. He carried on business in both ])laces 
until 1813, when he sold out his interest to Daniel W. 
Farrar, his partner. He was one of the most enterprising 
men of the town. While living here, he superintended the 
building of the new road or turnpike from Fitzwilliam to 
Keene, as no one else who was responsible coiild be found 
to do it, building log huts for the men he employed. 
Later he was very active in the erection of the first meet- 
ing house in Fitzwilliam village, and was much affected 
when it was burned. When the flames were bursting from 
the doors and windows, he took from the pulpit the Bible, 
and before the fire had gone out was arranging with 
others for rebuilding it at once. For about six years after 


he opened the store here, he was assisted in his business by 
Calvin, the third son of Phineas Farrar, but in 1800, a 
younger brother, Daniel W., became a partner. In 1793, 
Jonas Robinson received a license "to sell Speritus Liquors, 
subject to such regulations and restrictions as the la\v of 
the State of New Hampshire imposes upon retalers." 

Silas Wheeler came from Holden, Mass., about the year 
1800, and settled on West Hill. About six years after, he 
bought the house and mill formerly owned by Daniel 
Gould. He immediately rebuilt the gristmill, and soon 
after built a saw mill on the opposite side of the stream. 
When these were in operation, he built a house nearly on 
the site of the old one and now owned by Gregory Law- 
rence. In 1826, the saw mill was carried away by a 
freshet, but was afterwards rebuilt and ^vas the one 
owned later by Joseph M. Forristall. Mr. Wheeler lived 
here until 1832, when he moved to S\vanzey, and lived 
^vith his father-in-law, James Brewer. 

John Rogers w^as a native of Westborough, Mass., and 
his descendants claim that he was the twelfth generation 
from John Rogers, the martyr, who was burned at the 
stake in Smithfield, England. At what time he became a 
settler it is impossible to state, but it was previous to 
1773. He is represented as having been a noted hunter, 
and as having spent a larger part of his time in pursuit 
of game. After the death of his wife, he went to live 
v^nth his son-in-law, Capt. Shubael Stone, where he 

David Saunders came from Billerica, Mass., in the fall 
of 1780, and settled near the Howard T. Clark place, 
now owned by James Carpenter. 

Ebenezer Saunders, a younger lirother of David, came 
in 1789, and settled on W^est Hill, near Samuel A. Mason's, 
where he lived until about 1813, when he sold out. He 


afterwards lived in various places, in Fitzwilliam, in 
Richmond, N. H., and Dnninierston, Vt. 

Ezekiel White came from Doiiglass, Mass., (|iiilc carlv, 
but the precise date is not known. His name first 
appears in the records of Fitzwilliam in 1782. He settled 
on the farm formerly owned b_v Franklin Woodward. 

All that is known of Nathaniel Bucklin is that he lived 
a few years on the west side of the road near the liishop 
place. He left town about ISOU. 

About this time, or a few years earlier, a man by name 
of Newton came here and built a house near where Mrs. 
A. W. Whitcomb lives. He was a steelyard maker and 
built a shop northeast of the house. He lived there but a 
short time when he was succeeded by William Nurse and 
Edward Foster. 

Jonathan Capron came from Marlborough. He was a 
blacksmith and formerly had a shop near the forks of the 
road, southeast of the residence of George A. Porter. He 
built a shop which was situated somewhere between the 
Congregational church and the residence of Mrs. Sarah E. 
Harris. He worked there some ten or fifteen years and 
then moved to Vermont. 

Christopher Harris was a native of Rhode Island, and 
\vhen a child, came to Richmond, N. H., where he lived 
during his minority. In 1787 he married a young lady 
who also came from Rhode Island, and in 1797 i)urchased 
the tavern which had been built and kept some years Ijy 
Jonathan Ball. This tavern was near the residence of II. 
F. Adams and op]K)site the large elm tree. At that time 
the farm connected with the tavx'rn was a large and very 
productive one, containing one hundred and thirty acres, 
and yielded a large income. He lived here until about 
1811, when he moved to Rockingham, Vt., where he died. 

Eliiah Fuller was a native of Newton. Mass., and .-it 


an earh' age was put out to service with Xorinau Clark, 
of whom he learned the carpenter's trade, which he fol- 
lowed a larger part of the time. In 1797, he located on 
West Hill. Previous to his coming here in 1795, he 
married Lucretia Smith, who was a native of Holden, 
Mass. Soon after her birth her father moved with his 
family to Wyoming, Pennsylvania, which is on the Sus- 
tjuehanna river, where they remained initil the famous 
" W\'oming massacre," when two thousand Tories and 
nine hundred Indians came upon the place and murdered 
the inhabitants without discrimination. Lucretia Smith 
\vas one of the few who escaped. She was aljout thirteen 
3'ears of age and remembered well the distressing scenes 
which took place at that time, when so many fell a pre3' 
to savage Avarfare. The family after their escape returned 
to Holden. 

Capt. Isaac Fuller, a brother of Elijah, came a few 
months later from Holden, where he had resided a short 
time. He first moved into a schoolhouse which then stood 
near his brothers, but later located on a farm afterwards 
ptn'chased of the heirs of William Barker. He \vas a car- 
penter and skillful workman, but his farm demanded so 
much of his time that he devoted but little attention to 
his trade. On returning home from the village one storm\' 
night in the winter of 1S19, he perished in the storm, at 
the age of forty-four. 

Asa Brewer became a resident about this time, as he 
was taxed in Fitzwilliam in 1799. After his marriage he 
settled in Roxbury, where he lived some time, and then 
located on the Enoch Garfield farm. In 1S2S, he removed 
to the Jonathan Clark farm, and a few years later removed 
to Barton, Vermont. 

Zopher Whitcomb came here \vlien biit a youth and 
lived in the family of Joseph Cutting, with whom he staid 


during the larger part of his iniiiority. It is said Cutting 
gave him the land comprising the Aiiiasa Aldrieli farm, 
upon which he ei-ected buildings, and where he lived alter 
his marriage. 

John Joy came about 1798. He married vSally, eldest 
daughter of Reuben Ward, and built a house on the Henrv 
A. Porter place, which was owned by his father-indaw, 
who did not relincjuish the title during his life. He lived 
there but a few years, but long enough to clear consider- 
able land and erect comfortable buildings, and moved to 
Glover, Vt. The farm then passed into the possession of 
Levi Ward, who lived there a few years. 

Joseph French is supposed to have come from Attle- 
borough, IMass., wdiere his grandfather settled about 1720. 
He located on the farm now owned by Josej^h Hiiskell. 
He resided there until 180S, when he sold his tarm and 
moved to Ludlo\v, Vt. 

Hugh Thompson came here about 1798, but from what 
place is not known. He married Polly, oldest daughter 
of Daniel Lawrence, and purchased of Nathan Barker that 
part of the farm which came into his ])ossession by the 
wdll of his father, William Barker. The deed of his i)ur- 
chase w^as in consideration of five hundred dollars, and 
was dated July 9, 1799. Upon this land he erected build- 
ings, but after a few years he sold his farm to his brother- 
indaw, Daniel Lawrence, Jr., and purchased land in the 
eastern part of the town, but .after a few years removed 
to the state of Maine. 

John and David Garey, brothers, came from Leomin- 
ster, Mass., some time prior to 1790, and settled on the 
Luke C. Clark place. John married Betsey, the eldest 
daughter of Caleb Winch. In I.SOO, the two brothers • 
rented the Tolman tavern, and for about a year kept 
the i)ul)lic house in the village, when they retnrned to 


Leominster. In 1807, John, with Joseph, another brother, 
returned and bought of Edmund Bemis the farm which 
had been purchased by the latter of James Brewer. The 
house which was a one-story building was removed to the 
spot just south of the residence of Franklin Ripley, and 
after receiving an additional story and undergoing exten- 
sive repairs, was opened as a tavern, but after a few^ years 
they returned to Leominster. The tjivern and the farm 
came into the possession of Robinson and Farrar, who 
reserved a portion of the land and sold the remainder wath 
the buildings to Timothy Kendall. 


SETTLERS FROM 1800 TO 1815. 


Nathan Wheeler was born in Holden, Mass., where he 
spent the early part of his life. He served in the Ameri- 
can army during the Revolutionary' war, after which he 
married and settled in his native place. He came to Marl- 
borough in 1800, but did not become the owner of real 
estate. He afterwards went to Fitchburg, then to Saco, 
Me., returning to Fitz\villiam and then moving to Keenc. 

John and William Brown came here from Fitchlourg 
about this time, purchasing the clothing mill, working at 
their trade as clothiers a short time, but not l^eing as suc- 
cessful as expected, the}' sold the mill to Thomas Benney 
and returned to Fitchburg. 

Thomas Benney came from another part of Marl- 
borough, and on coming here married Lucinda, daughter 
of Richard Roberts, and lived a short time in the Bacon 
house, then in the Warren house and finally in part of his 
mill. After a few vears he went to Westminster, Vt. 


In 1801 or 1802, William Barnard of Lancaster, Mass., 
purchased a house of Daniel Farrar, Sen. He was a black- 
smith by trade, and din"ini^" his residence in the villat>e he 
worked at his trade in the shop occupied by Jonathan 
Capron. In 1808, he sold his location and moved into a 
house formerly owned b\' Reuben Ward. About this time 
he built a shop near the Ward bridge, so-called, in which 
he constructed a trip hammer and other machinery, which 
was propelled by water. A short time after, he formed a 
partnership with one Moses Aldrich, and built a scythe 
factory at the North end, near where the Forristall saw^ 
mill was. This Avas the first scythe factory- in town. Al- 
drich built a house near the sho]), which \vas the only 
house in that section. In 1816 the house and shop were 
sold to Amos Sibley and he moved to Cavendish, Vt. 

Thomas Clark, Jr., son of Thomas, of whom some 
account has been given, married in 1801 and settled on 
the home farm, where he lived until 1848. He afterwards 
purchased the farm formerly occupied by his son, Alvah S., 
where he lived until his death. 

Josiah Morse, a son of HenrA- Alorse, of whom some 
accoimt has been given, in 1802 bought of Thomas Tol- 
man a small lot of land and built a tavern, the one 
no\v kno^vn as the Alonadnock Hotel, which has since 
undergone extensive repairs. But little is known of him 
previous to his coming here, other than that he lived in 
Swanzey, and that his wife was a daughter of Levi 
Maxey, of Attleborough. He kept a public house until 
about 1812, when he sold his location to Constant 
Weaver, find removed to Attleborough. During most of 
the time he resided here there were other public houses in 
the vicinity, so that on account of the competition iie did 
not have a very lucrative business. 

Hezekiah Hodgkins was a native of New Ipswich, 


where he spent his early years; at the breaking ont of 
the war of the Revokition, he responded to his coimtry's 
cah, and was in the army several years. So-on after his 
retnrn from the war he settled in New Ipswich, where he 
worked at his trade of cabinet making. He came to 
Marlborongh in 17SS and resided in the village for several 
years. In 1S03 he ])urchased of Simon Piper the farm 
recently owned by Edmund Bemis. About this time he 
built a saw and gristmill, on the site now owned In- 
George S. Colburn. In 1808 he sold the farm and mill to 
Edmund Bemis, Sr., and bought of Joseph French the farm 
now owned by Joseph Haskell. The next year he built a 
new house, but contin.ued to live in the old one for some 
time, using the new one as a sho]3 in which to manufac- 
ture rakes, a business which he followed in his later 

Reuben Newell, the third son of Jacob, settled on the 
farm afterwards owned by William A. Harris. The land 
was given him by his father, upon which he erected the 
buildings. He resided here until 1815, when he moved 
into a house built for him by his father, which on account 
of some peculiarity in its construction, \vas called the 
"plank house." 

Edmund Bemis was born in Westminster, Mass., in 
1765, and came here at the period at which we have 
arrived. After his marriage, at the age of thirty-fovir 
years, he lived in Fitchburg a few years, but in 1807 he 
purchased of James Brewer the Stephen B. Farrar farm. 
He lived here three \'ears and then sold the farm to 
Garey, as already mentioned, and moved on to the Ward 
farm ^vhere he lived one year. He soon sold out to Jonas 
Garey, and bought the one on West Hill, where he lived 
until his death, now owned by J. M. Foster. 

Of the descendants of the first settlers, mention shoidd 


be made of Jonathan Lawrence, son of Jonathan, pre- 
viously inentioned. He Hved for some A^ears on the Forbes 
place, in the south part of Alarlborough ; but about 1804 
he purchased of Hugh Thompson the Sidney A. Butler 
farm, where he lived until near the close of his life when 
he went to live with his brother William. 

William Lawrence, fifth son of Jonathan, married and 
settled on the home farm about this time. In 1856 he 
moved with his son, Joseph E. Lawrence, to a place 
purchased of A. B. Gates. 

Zalmon Howe came from Holden, Mass., and settled in 
Alarlborough in 1803, and bought the Joseph Alexander 
place. He obtained it of Elijah Alexander, whose son 
Gideon bought it of one White, who was the first settler. 
He lived there four or five years ; afterwards he resided 
four years on the Barker farm, two on the " Amasa Fuller 
place," two on the George Farrar place, and three on the 
Joseph Alexander, Jr., place, and then moved to FitzAvil- 
liam, where he died. 

John Lawrence, son of Daniel, married and settled on 
the home farm in 1805. 

Nov. 28, 1805, Henr\' Tolman, son of Benjamin, formed 
a co-partnership with his father-in-law, Christopher Har- 
ris, in conducting the business of the tavern. He lived 
there one and one-half 3'ears, then moved to Derr^-, Yt., 
and after three years returned and lived some time where 
Franklin Whitcomb now lives. After this he kept a public 
house at the Amasa Fuller place for about two years, and 
then returned to the Whitcomb place. He ^vorked at 
brick making in the Thomas Wright 3'ard for three years, 
and then moved into the Sampson Wheeler house, where 
he lived for sixteen \'ears ; after moving once or twice 
more he settled in Sterling, Alass., where he died. 

Joseph Butler was a native of Bolton, Alass., probabh'. 


He lived there about eighteen 3^ears after his marriage, 
coming here about 1806, buying of Rufus Russell a farm 
near Simon Butler's. This was some distance from the 
public highway, but formerly on an old road leading from 
Silas Fife's to Hugh Thompson's. He lived here some 
thirty years and moved to Alarlborough, where he died. 

Aaron Holt was born in Hoi den, Mass., where his 
father, from Andover, settled at an early i)eriod. In the 
fall of 1806, he purchased of Daniel Lawrence, Jr., a farm 
on West Hill, and in the following spring came with his 
family and settled on the same, where he lived ten years. 
After this he lived one year each on the Clark and Whit- 
comb farms ; he then bought the farm afterwards owned 
by Hamilton Parker, and resided there three years. In 
1822, he lived on the Levi L. Pierce place; in 1823, on 
the Sidney A. Butler place; in 1824, he moved to the Gove 
place, so-called, south of the Jonathan Clark place. In 
the fall of 1826, while passing on the highway, he met a 
young man riding one horse and leading another. The led 
horse was a vicious animal, and refused to go, and in 
attempting to assist the stranger in managing his unruly 
beast, he was kicked so badly that he died the next day. 

This year, Daniel Farrar, Jr., second son of Daniel, 
before mentioned, located Avhere Jonathan Capron formerly 
lived, now owned bA' Airs. A. W. Whitcomb. He occupied 
the old house until after the death of his father, when he 
built the brick house now on the premises. He was a ver\^ 
industrious man and much esteemed by the people of the 

Joshua Harrington was living with his father in 1807. 
In 1809, he built the old part of the house now owned by 
Miss Villa Gates. The year previous, he and his brother 
Elijah built a carding mill near the ])ail sho]) of Ch.'irlcs 
Coolidge, and they were in business together several years ; 


but in 1820, Joshua sold his hoiise to Solomon Goddard 
and his interest in tlie mill to his brother Elijah, and 
moved to Alstead, Avhere he resided until 1850, when he 
moved to PittstOAvn, New York. 

Samuel Lawrence, second son of Jonathan, settled here 
not far from this time. After his marriage he lived a 
short time in Royalston, Mass.; on coming here he pur- 
chased a house of John Rodgers, which was north of No. 1 
schoolhouse. He was a carpenter, and most of his time 
was devoted to his trade. In the great freshet of the 
winter of 1810, he was employed with others, by the pro- 
prietors of the turnpike, to remove a large body of ice 
which was obstructing the passage of the water vmder 
the bridge at the north end and threatening its destruc- 
tion. While standing upon the ice, the obstruction sud- 
denh' gave way and he was thrown with considerable 
violence into the stream and carried rapidly doAvn the 
current, and before assistance could be rendered him b3^ 
those on shore, he was carried down the ra])ids, where he 
disappeared forever. The following summer a thigh bone 
of a man \vas found some distance below, which was, no 
doubt, a part of his body. 

Daniel Cutting, Jr., eldest son of Daniel, settled on a 
farm east of the schoolhouse in District No. 3, which he 
purchased of the heirs of Hezekiah Coolidge, in 1807 ; now 
owned by John Lang. He inherited much of his father's 
business capacity, was an upright man, took a deep 
interest in the affairs of the town and was elected to 
numerous offices of trust and responsibility. For some 
years he devoted considerable time to buying cattle and 
sheep which he sent to Brighton market. 

About this time, Levi Alaxey of Attleborough, bought 
of Jonas Robeson the house in which he lived jirevious 
to his removal to Fitzwilliam village. His grandfather, 


Alexander Maxey, settled in Attleborough in 1721. Levi 
was the second son of Josiah Alaxey and married Rntli, 
daughter of Jacob Newell, and settled in his native town, 
where his children were born. He was well advanced in 
life when he came here, probably to be with his daughter, 
Mrs. Josiah Morse. He lived here until Mr. Morse left the 
tavern, when he returned to Attleborough. Three of his 
sons, Jonathan, Milton and Virgil, were graduates of 
Brown University, and eminent in literary and ])r()fes- 
sional life. Levi, another son, who possessed superior 
talents, though not liberally educated, died in the South. 

Easman Alexander, son of Elijah, settled on the home 
farm with his father in 1808. He was emphatically a home 
man, and never was in a car or stage coach, and very 
seldom going beyond the limits of the town ; but unlike 
many other home men, he knew the way to the church. 

In 1809 or 1810, Robert Fitts of Royalston, Mass., 
came here with his widowed mother and resided in the 
Whipple house. Soon after coming here he built a shoj) on 
the site now occupied by the old blanket mill. He was a 
mechanic, and is represented as a very ingenious man and 
given to making new inventions, and constructed several 
machines which were projjclled by water. This shop was 
burned in 1825. He married Tryphena Farrar, in 1821, 
and continued to live here until 1827, when he moved to 
Mason, and afterwards to New Ipswich, N. H. 

Josiah Amadon of Fitzwilliam came into what is now 
Troy, and worked at shoemaking; but after several years' 
residence he returned to Fitzwilliam. 

Nathan Winch, third son of Caleb, lived on the home- 
stead several years ; but after the death of his aged father, 
he sold the farm to one Derby, and bought of Luke Harris 
the situation in the village now known as the " Winch 
place," where he lived until his death. 


Elijah Harrington settled on the homestead with his 
parents in 1819, and for a few years devoted his time to 
farming, occasionally assisting his father in the gristmill ; 
after the death of the latter, having sole charge of it. In 
1808, he and his brother Joseph built a carding mill which 
has already been mentioned, where they carried on business 
for a few years ; afterwards Elijah bought his brother's 
share, and carried on the business alone until 1840, when 
he sold the mill to Charles Coolidge, who took it down, 
as it interfered with the operation of his pail sho]) which 
was on the opposite side of the stream. 

Caleb Perry purchased the farm formerh' owned by 
Silas Fife, in May, 1810. He was born in Fitchburg, 
Mass., about 1773, and married Deborah Fairbanks, of 
Holliston, Mass., in 1798. After a residence of about 
twenty years, he removed to Alstead, having sold his farm 
to his son-in-law, Abel Baker. In 1833, the family were 
attacked with typhoid fever, and all died except Mr. Perr^^ 
and one son. He subsequently lived in Temple and Athol, 
Mass., where he died in October, 1849. 

Joseph Alexander, son of Gideon, settled upon the farm 
purchased of Zalmon Howe, where he always lived. 

Elias Mann, son of Theodore, married Betsey Butler in 
1811, and although he frequently changed locations, spent 
a large proportion of his life in Troy. 

Daniel W. Farrar, eighth son of Phineas, came here in 
1800, and was employed as a clerk in the store of Jonas 
Robeson seven years. In 1805, Robeson moved to Fitz- 
william and left him in charge for a time; he then formed 
a partnership with him and carried on the business until 
1813, when he bought out Mr. Robeson's share and took 
sole charge of the store. About this time he formed a 
partnership with Curtis Coolidge, which continued for 
about three years, when he took the entire business and 



conducted the same until about 1843, when he was suc- 
ceeded b3' his son, David W., and John Whittemore, Jr., 
from FitzwilHani. At this time he resided in the Garev 
tavern. In 1835, he moved the okl store, built by Robe- 
son, a little back and built the brick store now owned by 
C. W. Whitney. Robeson established this store in 1793, 
and there has been a store in operation upon this spot 

Stoke ok C. W. Whitney. 

continuously for over one hundred years. After giving u]i 
his store, he devoted most of his time to farming, and 
lived in the house now occupied by C. D. Farrar, which 
was built in 1836. For more than fifty years he was 
one of the most enterprising men of the town, and jirob- 
sh\y no one exerted a greater influence. He was very 
active in the movement which led to the formation of the 
town of Troy, and it was mainly through his exertions 
that the act was accomplished, as will be seen In- referring 
to the account of its incorporation. His name is identified 
with almost ever}- public act, and although his position 
at times maj- have been violently assailed, yet all seemed 
willing to give him credit for strict integrity and of acting 


from the best of motives. In some respects he ^vas a 
remarkable man, and few with the same earh' advantages 
would have made so conspicuous a mark in life. He pos- 
sessed good native talent, an active mind, and was quick 
of apprehension, but his school advantages were very 
limited. But he had a mind for improvement and an 
energy- which enabled him to overcome the most formida- 
ble obstacles, and to make up in good lueasure the 
deficiency in his early school advantages. Every da}- was 
a practical school to him ; he kept his books by his side, 
but instead of gathering from them a few^ theories without 
a knowledge of their application, like man^- of our modern 
scholars, he used them, as was once said by a noted 
divine, as soldiers to assist him in fighting the battle of 
life. He made his books contribute to his business 
capacity, and in all his studies, "cz/i bono?'' was his 
earnest inquiry. Thus his education was highly practical 
and thus will account for his success in life. 

Luna Starkey, eighth son of Peter, married Hannah 
White, in the early part of this year and lived a short time 
in the house with his father. In 1813, he bought of 
Ebenezer Saunders the farm upon which the latter had 
lived some years, where he lived until his death. 

This 3"ear, also, Isaac Lawrence, fourth son of Jonathan, 
built the house on the Levi L. Pierce place, and resided 
there some four or five Acars, \vhen he inoved to Vermont. 
His wife was Polly Lebourveau of Keene. 

Capt. James Godfrey, a shoemaker, came here from 
Lancaster, Mass., but at what time is not known. He 
married a Goodwin. In 1813, he sold his house to Salmon 
Whittemore and moved to Fitzwilliam. 

Salmon Whittemore of RoA-alston, Mass., came here in 
1812 and purchased the farm afterwards owned b3' A. S. 
Clark. Levi Haskell had owned the farm some vears 


previous, the same to Whittenioreand niovin.u to r\ty.- 
william. The latter lived here about a year, then hou^ht 
Capt. Godfrey's house aud moved to the villaoe. In his 
earlier years he had learned the elothiers' trade, and A])ril 
1, 1815, boui^ht of Jonathan Wood of Fitzwilliam, the 
fulling mill which had been owned by Thomas Benney. 
For this he paid $1600, but the mill was old and the tim- 
bers so decayed that the following year he took the mill 
down and built a new one on the same s])ot. Mr. Whitte- 
niore is said to have been a skillful workman, and that 
he was much esteemed by his fellow citizens is evident 
from the various offices to which he was promoted bv 
their suffrages. 

April, 1812, Daniel Ball, a native of Ilolden, Mass., 
came from Marlborough, where he settled in 1786, and 
bought of Simeon Brooks the Abraham Brooks farm on 
West Hill, afterwards owned by Stephen Harris. He w^as 
a farmer and resided there until his death. 

Luke Harris, son of Christopher, married and moved 
into the house with his father, about this time, living 
there a few^ ^-ears when he moved into the Whipple house. 
He bought the farm on which Josirdi Lawrence first settled, 
in 1818, and lived there about six years, selling out to 
William Lawrence and moving to the Thomas Tolman 
house. In 1825, he built a house for Salmon Wliittemore. 
A few \^ears after he bought the i)ail mill built by Moses 
Curtis and commenced making pails. Shortly after this 
he bought the house built by Jonathan B. French and 
lived there until 1836, when he sold the pail sho]) to 
Charles Coolidge, and his house to Nathan Winch, and 
built the house now owned 1)y Iv. T. Kimball. This year 
he bought of Elijah Harrington the gristmill and water 
privilege, which is the site now occupied by the old 
blanket mill. The next year he took the gristmill down 


and commenced immediately to build a factor^-, which \vas 
completed the following year, and used to manufacture 
Avoolen cloth. He moved to Sterling, Mass., in 1841, and 
after residing there five \'ears he \vent to Richmond ; and 
in 1858, he moved to Nelson, where he died. 

Early in the spring of 1812, Constant Weaver came 
with his family from the state of Rhode Island, and bought 
the tavern of Josiah Morse. He kept the tavern about 
two years, when he sold it to Elnathan Gorham and 
returned to Rhode Island. During this time he constructed 
a potterN^ near the tavern, which ^^as the first establish- 
ment of the kind in town. Several unsuccessful attempts 
to find clay, of a suitable quality for manufacturing ware, 
were made before the right material was obtained, which 
\vas found near what is now the brick 3'ard, and 
where the requisite supply was obtained. Air. Weaver did 
little work himself, but committed the manageinent of the 
pottery to his son, who did not make a success of it and 
consequently but little was accomplished. 

Sylvester P. Flint came here this 3'ear from Fitchburg 
and bought the Ball tavern and farm of one Fuller, who 
obtained them of Christopher Harris. He did not adver- 
tise to keep a public house, although he occasionally 
entertained travelers who had previoush- been accustomed 
to stop there. It is quite probable that he was con- 
siderable of a business man, as he was chosen one of the 
selectmen of the town in the years 1815, 1816 and 1818, 
and represented the town in the Legislature in 1818. He 
moved to Keene in 1821. 

Elnathan Gorham was a clothier by trade and was 
settled in Chesterfield, but being desirous of changing his 
business he came here and bought the tavern of Weaver, 
continuing the public house in which he did an active 
business for several 3'ears. He removed to Ohio in 1820, 


where he died Sept. 20, 1824. He was a very enterprisino- 
and ptil)Hc spirited man, and while here he took a deep 
interest in the prosperity of the town. 

In October of this year, Pelatiah Hodgkins, son of 
Hezekiah, married and settled on the home farm, where 
he always resided. 

In 1815, Nathan Newell, son of Jacob Newell, Jr., built 
part of the house now occupied by E. P. Kimball. He 
had married and resided some time previous in what was 
the Warren store. He was a blacksmith by trade, and 
his shop stood where Mrs. C. W. Brown's stable now 
stands. In 1818, he sold this house to William Stearns 
and moved into the house then owned by Solomon 
Goddard, where he lived al^out one year, when he moved 
to Richmond. 

This year, Ljmian Wright bought the Warren stand 
and the Winch tan3^ard of David White and Joshua Har- 
rington, who had obtained them of Warren at the time 
he left town. He was a native of Fitzwilliam, and 
learned the trade of tanner and currier in Templeton. He 
soon built a new tannery, which stood nearly over the 
stream and a little lower down than the Silsby tannerv. 
Some years after he moved this building a few teet u]) the 
stream, and towards the north, putting an addition on 
the east end, which was the one burned a few years since. 
While he was building his tannery and making the neces- 
sary arrangements for housekeeping, he bojirded with Col. 
Farrar, but after his marriage he lived in what was the 
Warren tavern, which ^vas not changed much imtil 1841, 
when he covered the frame with brick walls and remod- 
eled the inside. The store which had Ijeen attached to 
the north end of the tavern he removed around to the 
south and made it into a dwelling house. In 1836 he 
built the sawmill, afterw^ards owned by Charles Carpenter, 


and which stood near the site of the present Troy 
Blanket Mills, and also the hotise owned by Carpenter. 
At this time the only road to the premises ^vas a common 
footpath ; the road by the mill and across the pond to the 
Jaffrey road was not laid out until about 1S50. Col. 
Wright was an active and enterprising man, and held 
various offices, both civil and military, and was much 
esteemed by his fellow citizens. 

In December of this year, Stephen Farrar, third son of 
George, married and settled on the farm now o\vned by 
Walter Elliot. The buildings on the farm w^ere constructed 
for him by his father, and he resided there until March 15, 
1831, when he exchanged farms with Timothy Kendall, 
and came to the village to live, on the farm now owned 
by Mrs. A. W. Whitcomb. 

Calvin Davis of Hancock came here this year and built 
a house on the site now occupied by the one owned by the 
Troy Blanket Alills, and known as the Chapman house. 
The north room on the first floor was finished for a store ; 
the remainder of the building was used as a tenement. 
Mr. Davis traded here until 1820, when having become 
somewhat embarassed in his business he sold his location 
to Holbrook from Keene, who continued the store. 




The American Revolution is one of the most i uteres tinij- 
events in modern history. In this event, I'eeblc colonies, 
amidst want, poverty and misfortune, without an arinv 
or navy, and without the munitions and imi)lements of 
war, boldly stepped forth and successfully combated the 
veteran armies of a powerful and ()])pressivc nation, 
impelled by the spirit of liberty, and directed bv an over- 
shadowint^ Providence. It is but ])roper that we should 
consider how the inhabit^ints of what is now the town of 
Troy stood affected in relation to that contest. On the 
19th of April, 1775, when the clarion of war hrst sounded 
upon the fields of Lexins^ton and Concord, there were 
probably not more than twenty-five male inhabitants over 
twenty-one years of ai^e, within these limits, cai)al)le of 
bearinsj- arms. The region was sparsely ])o])ulated, and 
most of these \vere heads of families, who had but 
recently settled upon this wild land; and if they had been 
ever so inuch inclined to exchange the field foi' the camp, 
they could only have done so at the ex])cnse of brinoing 
upon their families almost unendurable sufferino, for it 
Avas extremely difficult for them to ])rovi(lc lood rind 
clothing for themselves and those dependeiiL ui)()u tliein. 
There are no stronger cl.aims, of an earthly nature, upon 


man's services than those of the family. Next to these 
stand those of his country, and justice and humanity 
forl)id that the former should be sacrificed to the latter. 
Hence the small number of enlistments should not be 
attributed to a ^vant of patriotism, or to indifference in 
respect to the great interests of the country, for it would 
be difficult to find men more ardently attached to liberty 
and to the leading measures of the day than were the 
early settlers of this town. 

In most instances in which it w^as possible to make 
such an arrangement as to protect the family from extreme 
suffering, the oi)])ortunity was gladly im])roved, iind the 
father laid aside the hoe and the plow% and hurried to the 
assistance of his countrymen who were struggling amidst 
scenes of conflict and blood. The following are the nanaes 
of those who are supposed to hav^e entered the American 
arm\" from the limits of tliis town. 

Benjamin Tolnian, Pearson Newell, 

Jacob Newell, Jr., James Brewer, 

Ezekicl JVIixer, John Farrar, Jr., 

Peter Slarkey. 

Benjamin Tolman was the first to resi)ond, and took 
an active part in the battle which opened the bloody 
conflict. On receiving information of the threatened inva- 
sion, he seized his musket and nuirched for the scene of 
war. On the way he was joined by others on a like 
expedition, arriving in season to dispute the progress of 
the British forces at Lexington. He joined in the pursuit 
of the enemy on their retreat, and in the battle of Bunker 
Hill he was in the thickest of the fight. In a hand-to- 
hand conflict, his gun w^as waxnched from him by a British 
soldier; but he stood his ground, defending himself with 
the weapons Nature had furnished him, imtil his captain, 
seeing his condition, fpiickly brought hhn another musket. 


with which he continued to fi^ht until ordered to 

Mr. Tohnan was paid by the State ibr articles lost in 
the battle, as follows: "For shoes Is.; for stockings 2s.; 
for trousers 2s. 6d.; for shirts 5s.; for stmdries 2s." He 
was in the army about two and a half years, liein.s; on 
duty at various stations, and receiving- a compensation of 
£4 10s. per month. The hast battle in which he was 
engaged was that of Bennington, where he passed through 
one of the most trying scenes of his mihtary Hfe. Ezekiel 
Mixer, his companion in arms, and the one who had been 
his most intimate friend for two A^ears, received his death- 
wound vi^hile lighting by his side. Mr. Tolman bore him 
from the field and closed his dying eyes. liis term of 
service having expired, Sept. 25, 1777, he retired from the 
army and resumed his labors on the farm. 

Ezekiel Alixer has been mentioned as being among the 
first to break the gloom of the wilderness, and to select a 
site for a habitation within what are now the limits of 
Troy. He was also among the first to strike for liberty 
and the suppression of British rule in America. As soon 
as he learned of the threatening attitude of the British, in 
compan}^ with his friend, Mr. Tolman, he hastened to 
Lexington, and both there and at Bunker Hill he fought 
by his side, exhibiting bravery known only among those 
who are fighting for their lives and homes. He served in 
the same company and b}'' the side of his friend over two 
years, sharing with him his pleasures and suffering, and 
between them an ardent attachment was formed. Ihit 
the time was hastening when the ties that united them 
were to be severed forever. In the summer oi" 1777, 
Gen. Burgoyne, at the head of a large army, advanced 
southward from Canada, by way of Crown Point and 
Ticonderoga, with the view of cociperating with Sir Henry 


Clinton, who at this time held possession of Ne\v York, 
hoping to cut in two the American forces in New England 
and the Middle States. Bnrgoyne had scarcely reached 
the valley of the Hudson, when he found his stores of 
provision failing, and having received information that 
the Americans had collected provisions, cattle and horses 
at Bennington, he sent a detachment imder Lieut. -Col. 
Baume "to scoiu" the country," to capture these supplies, 
to test the disposition of the people, and to levy contribu- 
tions on the towns. With this detachment was a con- 
siderable body of Hessians, Tories and Indians. Among 
other things, Baume was directed to bring back to 
Bin'goyne at least 1300 horses. But the British com- 
mander entirely misapprehended the temper of the people. 
Intelligence of this expedition reaching the vigilant Stark, 
he prepared to give the enemy an lunvelcomed reception. 
On the 13th of August, Baume was rapidly advancing 
upon Bennington, but to his sur])rise found that Stark's 
command was contesting his advance and preparing for 
l)attle; he halted and formed entrenchments upon the 
borders of the town. The 15th being rainy, neither party 
was disposed to commence an engagement. But on the 
morning of the 16th the storm had passed, and the sun 
shone brightly upon the distant hills, and Stark deter- 
mined to attack the enemy in his entrenchments. With 
his keen eye he scanned the ground, formed his plans, and 
assigned to each subordinate officer a particular part in 
the bold and daring enterprise. Stark attacked vigorously 
in front, exhibiting great sagacity and self-])Ossession. 
When the troops were drawn out ready for the attack, 
Gen. Stark addressed them in this laconic speech: "There 
are the red-coats ; we must flog them or Alolly Stark 
sleeps a widow this night. Forward, men, — march!" 
The order was executed bv his men, and thev rushed with 


a hurrah for the l:)reast\vork, l)chind which were the 
Tories, and where was the most desperate resistance. 
The men rushed to the hreastwoi-k to the very muzzles of 
the guns, many of them scahng it, while others went 
round to join the flankino- parties who had driven the 
Germans from their entrenchments, and all joined in a 
hand-to-hand encounter witli the Tories, with bayonets 
and clubbed muskets. After two hours of hard fighting 
the battle was practically ^von. In this desperate struggle. 
Mixer, who had exhibited his accustomed bravery, was 
observed to fall, and his friend carried him from the field 
to a rude shelter, \vhere it was foimd that a musket ball 
had penetrated his body, causing a mortal wound. He 
hngered in great agon\' until morning, when he expired, 
and Mr. Tolman was left to convey the sad intelligence to 
his distant relatives. 

Jacob Newell, Jr., was the eldest son of Jacob Newell, 
of whom some account has been given. At what time he 
entered the army is uncertain. It is quite probable that 
he was one of the company enlisted in this vicinity by 
Capt. James Reed of Fitzwilliam, who on the 2C)th of 
April, 1775, was commissioned a colonel b3' the Committee 
of Safetv of Massachusetts, with "beating orders." There 
is no tradition of his having been in the battle of Hunker 
Hill, but he joined the expedition that was fitted out 
against Canada, and was stationed several months at 
Ticonderoga. He was under St. Clair in his retreat to 
Fort Edward, and from thence he accompanied the main 
body of the army to the islands at the mouth of the 
Mohawk. It is cpiite probable that he was in the two 
battles of Stillwater, and that he witnessed the surrender 
of the British army under Rurgoyne. It is said he was in 
the army five 3'ears, but as no records were kc])t by his 
familv, it is diflicult to trace his military operations. 


Pearson Newell was the second son of Jacob, and joined 
the army at Cambridge, in Ala^-, 1775. The tradition of 
the famih' is that he was not a volunteer, but was drafted 
soon after his brother enlisted. Whether so or not he was a 
member of Capt. Jonathan Whitcomb's compan^^ andfouo^ht 
under that officer at the battle of Bunker Hill, where it 
appears that he sustained the loss of his gun, powderhom 
and cartridge box, for which he was afterwards allowed 
by the State £2 14s. Shorth' after this he was joined to 
a small detachment under the command of Lieut. Elijah 
Cla\', but on the 11th of September following-, he was 
ordered with others to report himself again to Capt. 
Whitcomb, hnt sudden death prevented his complying with 
the order. 

From the record of the acts of the first settlers of the 
town it would seem that in every enterprise, calling for an 
exhibition of pure patriotism, disinterested benevolence 
and the characteristics of a good citizen, the name of 
James BrcAver stands conspicuous. The records of Marl- 
borough and Fitzwilliam fully attest to the value of his 
public services as a citizen, but very little is known 
concerning his military career. He was in the army about 
three years, during which time he must not only have 
witnessed, but participated in nmny of the scenes which 
form an interesting period in the history- of the country. 
The battle of Lexington, while it foreshado^ved the most 
fearful results, and spread consternation among the \veak 
and timid, onh- served to rouse the patriots to the highest 
pitch of indignation. Expresses were sent to every town, 
and the call "to arms," resounded from ever^' hill and 
valley. At that time, Capt. Benjamin Alann, one of the 
most devoted patriots of Keene, organized a company of 
vohmteers, and in a short time, at the head of a respect- 
able body of soldiers, he took up the line of march for the 


scene of war. James Brewer was chosen 1st Lieutenant 
of this company. Capt. Mann was able to l)e on dutv 
but a small proportion of the time, owinij; to advanced 
age and feeble health, consequently in his absence the 
command devolved upon Lieut. Brewer. This company 
reached Charlestown on the 17th of June, and participated 
in the Battle of Bunker Hill, although engaged late in the 
action. Lieut. Brewer was paid 6s lid for the loss of a 
pair of shoes in the battle. Lieut. Brewer was not an 
idle man, and his best energies were devoted to the service 
of his country. He was attached to the New Hampshire 
brigade under Gen. Sullivan, and was stationed at Winter 
Hill through most of the summer of 1775. After the 
arrival of Washington on the second of July, Lieut. 
Brewer w^as employed in various movements planned by 
that illustrious man, and he remained in the vicinity of 
Boston till some time after its evacuation by the British 
in March, 1776. He was in Capt. James Lewis' company 
of Col. Enoch Hale's regiment, which marched from New 
Hampshire, June 29, 1777, under command of Lieut. Col. 
Thomas Heald, to reinforce the garrison at Ticonderoga, 
where he was stationed several months, and it is (phte 
probable that he was in the battle of Stillwater. 

John Farrar, Jr., son of Maj. John Farrar, entered 
the army in 1781, as appears from the following state- 
To Mr. Thompson, Secretary for the IIoiioraI)le Assembly of New llnnip- 

shii-e, Greetius^': 

Agreeable to the order of Court .\|)ril 7, IT.Sl Re(|uiriii,L; of us to 
make a return of our SoUliers in the Continental Army l)y the loth of 
June next, which soldiers' names are as follows viz. jolni 15 irker and 
Joseph Passett engaged during the War some years ago. 

The names of those engaged last March for the term of three years 
next ensuing the date are as follows vi/c. Stephen Kiciiardson, John 
Farrar, Stephen White, Daniel (lould, Jr., and James Foster which have 


been mustered Ijetore the Siii)ei'iiiteiulent tit Keene soon alter their 
engagements, jis will be made to ajjpear t(j yon by his retnrns. 

Jose])!] Niehols, Levi Brigham, Josiah Htirtwell, Seleetmen For Fitz- 

Fitzwilliam, Alay the 2Sth, 17S1. 


1 John Barker never joined. 

2 Joseph Fassett Deserted 17.S0. 

a Stephen Rieliardson Mnst. Feb. 23, 17S1. 

4- John F'arrar " Apr. 3, 

5 vStephen White " Feb. 27, " 

H Daniel (Mnild, Jr. " Feb. 23, " 

7 James Foster " Feb. 23, 

8 Knfus Patrick J nly 15, 1 7S2. Mnst. })y B. Ellis. 
Certified Nov. 7, 1775. 

Those enlistiii<>' in 17S1 were for three years, or the war, 
and each received a bounty of twenty poinids which was 
paid in specie. 

John Farrar had two yonnijer Ijrothers, Joseph and 
William, who were members of Capt. Nixon's com]3any of 
Minute Men, in 1775, and probably entered the armj^ 
from Framingham, the place of their birth. It is said that 
John possessed a ijeculiar combination of mental qualities. 
In addition to a large share of commonsense, he had 
ready wit, a keen jjcrception of the ludicrous, and none 
better enjoyed a good joke. These characteristics, together 
with his great mirthfulness, rendered him a particular 
favorite with the soldiers ; and whenever they \vished to 
carry out any particidar plot, recpiiring the agency of a 
rogue, he was just the man, for his great shre\vdness was 
a pretty sure guaranty of success. And it would not be 
surprising, if at that period of life he wotdd sometimes 
gratify his love of fun at the expense of moral principle. 
The good lady, on seeing her best goose chasing the 
young soldier, who to appearance was vainly striving to 


escape from the fierce attacks of his enraged antagonist, 
^?vas quite ready to assure him that the fowl was very 
harmless, and would soon give over the pursiiit, but con- 
tinuing until distance obscured the view, she came to the 
conclusion that an evil spirit had unfortunately taken 
possession of the animal. But had she seen the line, to 
which were attached the hook and bait which the unsus- 
pecting goose had swallowed, and was thereby involun- 
tarily pursuing the fugitive, she would doubtless have 
been impressed with the fact that evil spirits, sometimes 
at least, assume the human form. And could she have 
looked a little farther and seen the soldiers exulting over 
their ill-gotten repast, she might have been filled with the 
greatest indignation, unless peradventure her love of coun- 
try was paramount to all things else, and she consoled 
herself with the consciousness of having contributed a 
mite to the patriot cause. Mr. Farrar resided in Fitzwil- 
liam some years after the war, but eventually moved to 
South Hadley, where he died, March 20, 1809. 

James Dean also served in the war of the Revolution as 
shown by the following abstracts taken from the Record 
Index to the Revolutionary War Archives in the office of 
the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts : 

Appears with rank of Private on Mnster Roll of Capt. Jaeol) Miller's 
Co., Col. Ephm. Doolittle's Regt., dated Aug. 1, 1775 — Enli.sted Ai)ril 25 
1775 — Serviee 3 mos. 16 daj's. Residence, Monadnock, No. 5. 

Appears with rank of Private on Company Return of Capt. Miller's 
Co., Col. Doolittle's Regt., dated Winter Hill, Oct. 6, 1775. 

Appears among signatures to an order for Bounty Coat or its 
equivalent in money, due for the Eight Months Service in 1775, in Ca|)t. 
Jacob Miller's Co., Col. Ejjhraim Dcxjlittle's (24th) Regt., dated Winter 
Hill, Oct. 31, 1775 — Paya))le to Lieut. Samuel P,url)ank — Ivncaniijcd at 
Winter Hill. 

Dr. Caverly states that Caleb Winch served in the 
Revolutionarv armv, but his name has not been identified in 


the Revolutionary^ Rolls, and the tradition concerning him 
is not sufficiently definite to justify placing his name in the 
foregoing list. 

Peter Starkey was in the army but a few weeks. He 
was drafted jiist before the battle of Bennington. He was 
in Colonel Nichols' regiment at the battles of Bennington 
and Stillwater. Soon after this, for some reason, he 
obtained his discharge and returned home. 

Toryism had become so rife in the Colonies, that in 
Alarch, 1776, the Continental Congress took measures to 
disarm all persons Avho were notoriously opposed to the 
cause of America. They passed a resolution on the 
subject, a copy of which was transmitted to all the Colo- 
nies. The Committee of Safety for New Hampshire, under 
the leadership of Hon. Meshach Weare, iiumediately sent 
to the several to\vns a copy of this resolution, and also a 
pledge of loyalty for the citizens of each town to sign. 
This pledge was called the "Association Test;" all those 
who refused to sign it were supposed to be Tories, and 
were looked upon by their neighbors with suspicion. 

The circular was as follows : 



April 12, 1776. 

To the Selectmen of Monadnock, No. five: In order to carry the 
tuulerwritten Resolve of the Honorable Continental Congress into execu- 
tion, you are reciuested to desire all Males above twent3'-one \-ears of 
age, (lunatics, idiots, and negroes excepted,) to sign the Declaration 
on this paper, and when done, to make return thereof together with the 
name, or names of all who shall refuse to sign the same to the General 
AssEMisLV, or Committee of Safety of this Colony. 

M. Weare, Chairman. 
In Congress, March 14th, 1776. 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the several Assemblies, Conven- 
tions, and Councils, or Cf)mmittees of Safety of the United States 
immediate]}' to cause all ]:)ersons to be disarmed within their respective 



Colonies, who are notoriously disaffected to the cause oi" Ami:ric.\, or 
who have not associated and refused to associate to defend hv Ak'ms the 
United Colonies against the hostile attempts of the British Fleet and 

Extract from the minutes, 

Charles Thompson, Secretai-y. 

In consequence of the above Resolution of the Continental Con'c.kkss, 
and to show our determination in joining our American brethren in 
defending the lives, liberties and properties of the inhabitants of the 
United Colonies: We, the subscribers, do hereby solemnly engage and 
promise that we will to the utmost of our power, at the risk of our 
lives and fortunes, with Arms oppose the hostile proceedings of the 
British Fleets and Armies against the United American Colonies. 

This was signed hj the following persons, and dulv 
returned bv the selectmen : 

Benjamin Tucker, 
Jonathan Frost, 
Thomas Riggs, 
Abijah Titcker, 
Eliplialet Stone, 
Benoni Robbins, 
Phineas Park, 
Silas Fife, 
Abel Woodard, 
Benjamin Goodenow, 
Berodick Webber, 
Samuel Bishop, 
John McBride, 
Daniel Collins, 
Joseph Cutting, 
James Lewis, 
Joseph Collins, 
James Field, 
Isaac McAllester, 
Timothy Biemies, 
Ebenezer Hixson, 
John Tozer, 
Stephen Woodard, 

David Wheeler, 
John Felton, 
Richard Tozer, 
Daniel Emerson, 
Daniel Goodenow, 
Thaddeas Hastings, 
Reuben Ward, 
Elnathan Newton, 
Jonah Harrington, 
William .Adams, 
Jedediah Tayntor, 
William Tenney, 
Richard Robbards, 
Ebenezer Rhodes, 
James Brewer, 
Solomon Wootlward, 
James Flood, 
David Dufer, 

Abraham X Brooks. 

Jonathan Goodenow, 

Daniel Cutting, 

David Thurston. 

Jacob Newell, 


Moses Tucker, Roller t Converse, 

Oliver Wright, Theodore Alann. 

Monadnock, No. Five, July, ye 9tli, 1776. 
In ol)edience to the within Riten we have ofered the same to all our 
inhaliitants and they have all sined excepting those whose names are 
heare inider Riten: 

William Barker, Icabard Shaw, 

Richard Atwell, Daniel Lawrence. 

Jonathan Shaw. 

Bexj.\mix Tucker, j Selectmen of 


Thomas Riggs, > Monadnock 

ELirH.\LET Stone, ' No. Five. 

Of this number, Silas Fife, Joseph Cutting, David 
Wheeler, Reuben Ward, Jonah Harrington, Richard Rob- 
bards, James Bre\ver, Daniel Cutting, Jacob Newell, Theo- 
dore Alann, William Barker, Jonathan Shaw, Icabard 
Shaw and Daniel Lawrence, lived on territory now in- 
cluded in Tro\'. 

Tradition tells us that William Barker, although he 
refused to affix his name to this resolution, was not a 
Tory at heart, but, holding an office under the king, and 
not knoAving which party would in the end become victo- 
rious, withheld his name rather as a matter of prudence than 
from any disaffection towards the cause of the colonists. 

Richard Atwell so far overcome his scruples that he 
enlisted and joined the army at Rhode Island. Jonathan 
and Icabard Shaw were probably Tories indeed ; but, 
knowing that the sharp eye of the Committee of Safety 
was upon them, the}- remained quiet and peaceable, and 
as such were tmdisturbed. Daniel Lawrence is said to 
have been at the Battle of Bunker Hill, but wh}- he refused 
to sign his name to this resolution is a niA^stery that can- 
not be solved. 

A similar circular was sent to the town of Fitzwilliam, 
but the retm'n, if ever made, has been lost. 


Few of the particular accounts and vouchers ai^iK-r- 
taining- to the expenses of FitzwilHani in the Rcvohition- 
ar\' War can now be found, and probably most of them 

View of Cummdns Looking North. 

were destroyed b^- fire in 17.S5. The following are copies 
of those that have been preserved. 

State of New Ham])sliire to the Selectmen of FitzwilHani Dr. 

1779, July. To cash paid Josei)h Fassctt & Joseph Muzzy, two soldiers 

^ilistcd in the Continental Army for one year. 

State Bounty £60 eacli. €120. 

Received an order on tJie Treasurer for One Himdred antl 

twent\' pounds. 

per John Mkllkn, one of the Selectmen. 
State of New Hampshire to the Selectmen of Fitzwilliani I»r. 

1779, July 1)S. To cash jjaid Daniel (ujuld a soldici' inlisled in Col. 

Moouey's Re.e:iment for the defence of Rhode Islaiul, six months. 

Bounty £30. Travel 90 miles to Providence £9. pr Kect 


Received an order on the Treasurer foi- Tliirly Nine 


pr John Mellkn, one of the Selectmen. 

An account of Town Bounties paid by the Town of 



Amos Boynton Capt. 
Zadock Dodge 
John Dodge 




Peter Barbe (Burpee) 










Peter Barbe, Jim. 










P'itzwilliam to the following soldiers inlisted in the Conti- 
nental Army for three years. Viz.: 

£24. 0. 0. 


Daniel Squire Capt. Clayes Co. 9. 0. 0. 

Fitzwilliam, Jan. 1780. The above soldiers inlisted for the town of 
Fitzwilliam, and were paid the several sums set against their names. 
Attest John Mellen Selectmen. 
Sworn to at Exeter March 9, 1780 before James Belton. 

From the Fitzwilliam town accounts : 

Amos Boj-nton £21-16-10 

Zadock Dodge 18-12 

John Dodge 14-17- 7 

Peter Burpee 10-16- 2 

Peter Burpee Jr. 10-16- 2 £76-18-9 

Julv 16, 1782. Gave a certificate to James Reed per order from the 


PaA' roll to Cambridge in 1775 £32-19 

Do. to Royalton 5-11-6 


Record of town returns : 


Calvin (io(jdenow Absent July 7, 1777. discharged 
Timothy Rogers no return Jacob Whittier no return 
.\dino (loodenow discharged Dec. 18, 1778 by Gen. Poor 
Shcm Kentfield recruit hanged 1782 June (Must. Apr. 16, 81) 
Ebenezer Goodenow recruit March 21, 1781 John Wilson war 
Allen Runnels war Samuel Lvon war 


State of New Hampshire to the Selectmen of Marlborous^h Dr. 

1779 July 19th. To paid Elijah Park a soldier inlisted in Col. Hercules 
Mooney's Regiment raised for the defence of Islnnd 
and mustered by Col. Enoch Hale. 

Bounty £30. Travel to Providence ClO. \wv rec't 4-()-()-() 
Rec'd an order to Discount with the Treasurer for fortv 
pounds in behalf of the Selectmen of Marlborcnii^h. 

Bknj. Tucker. 
State of New Ham])shire to the Selectmen of Marlborouj^h Dr. 

1779 July 27. To paid Oliver Wright a soldier inlisted in one of the 
New Hampshire Regiments in the Continental Service for 
one year, mustered by Col. Enoch Hale. 
Bounty by receipt £60. 

Rec'd an order on the Treasurer forty six ponnds, in 
behalf of the Selectmen of Marlborough. John Mellen. 

State of New Hamjjshire to the Selectmen of Marlborough Dr. 

1779 July 29. Paid James Lewis a soldier for one year in one of the 
New Hampshire Regiments in the Continental service — Mus- 
tered by Col. Enoch Hale. 
Bounty per receipt £60. — 

Rec'd an order for the Treasurer to Discount sixty ])ounds 
in behalf of the Selectmen of Marlborough. Ben). Ticker. 
To the Honorable General Court of the State of New Hampshire. 

Gentlemen the town of Marlborough was called upon for six men to 
engage for three j^ears which men the town made out to acceptance of our 
head Colonel as our proportion of Continental men Jabez McBride Reuben 
MeAlester and Timothy Rogers Received no money of the town as a hire. 
Adino Goodenow Calvin Goodenow^ and Fradorick freeman have Re- 
ceived twentj' pounds Each as town Bounty which the town l';iid the 
tenth Day of April A. D. 17 — In July 1779 the town hired two men 
more for to serve in the Continental army for the term of one year gave 
to Capt. James Lewis as a hire 130 Bushels of Rie and fort\- |)()uiids of 
money Russel Oliver Received 120 Bushels of Rie and forty jiounds of 
money this Being the whole that the town of Marlborough halli p.iid to 
the Continental Soldiers which they had to Raise from January the 1, 
1777 to January ye 1, 1780. 

Marlborough Febuary the 9th 17S0. 

David Wmeelkr j Selectmen of 
Oliver Wright | Mjiriborougii 


To the Secretary of the State of New Hampshire. 

Sir the followiiiji is a Return of tlie Men that the Town of Marlbor- 
ough hath in the fiekl — Calvin (lOodenow, Timoth}' Rogers, Jacob 
Whitter, and Adino Goodenow was hired By the Town of Marlborough 
Dnring the war and was Discharged when he was in good health for 
Reasons unkone to them and the Town think it hard to hire another in 

his Rome. 

J?:dh Tavntor \ Selectmen 
Oliver Wright / for 

David Wheeler > Marlborough 
May ye 20th 1782 

To the Honourable the Committee of Safety of the State of New Hamp- 
(Gentlemen in ol^edience to a precept Received Frt)m the honourable 
the General Court to procure our Cota of Continental men \ve have 
voxised our utmost Endeavors to procure said men ourselves Ave Emeade- 
ately Called a town meeting and chose a Committee for that jnirpose 
which Committee has made a Rettirn that they cannot procure said men 
without ]iaying such a Large Sum of hard money in hand to jjrocure 
said men that it puts the matter beyond our ])ower to procure said men 
upon so short Notice we therefcjre Begg Leave to Inform your honours 
that it is not in Disobedience to the pi"ece])t but it is the Extream 
Scarcity of hard money in this New town has ])iit it out of our power 
at present to yield that obediance that we should have been glad to 
have done — X. B. We woidd inform A'our honours that Ave have one man 
Now in the field that he was not Creadited for Last year viz Calvin 
Goodenow who was hired in ye year 1777 by this tow'n to serve for 
said town during the war and at the a vacation of ticonderoga he Avas 
taken ]irisoner and Never joined his Regt till last may and since that he 
Diserted and was Last march taken up iind is Now in the first Regt in 
the hampshire Line 

James Brewer ] 
James Flood Selectmen 

. Ebe.nezer Temple [ of 

Silas Fife Marlborough 

Da.mel Cutting 

It would seem that up to 17S0, the town had spent 
but Httle in paying bounties to soldiers, and that those 
who had enlisted, had done so more from a sense of dutv 


and love of countrv than for the sake of obtaining a 
Ijounty. But after that time the extreme scarcity of hard 
money rendered it difficult to procin-e men for the service. 

In 1775, Congress had issued bills of credit to the 
amount of two millions of dollars. This was soon fol- 
lowed by another of one million. The confederated colo- 
nies were pledged for their redemption, each to provide 
means to pay its proportion by the year 1779. Twenty 
millions Avere issued in eighteen months, when they began 
to depreciate in value. At hrst the depreciation was slight, 
but they continued to lose in value daily. Congress, 
desirous of arresting the growing depreciation, resorted to 
loans and taxes, but it was difficult to negotiate for the 
loans, and the taxes could not alwa3^s be collected. Pressed 
with the necessities of an army. Congress was obliged to 
continue to issue bills idter they had begtm to depreciate, 
and to pay that depreciation by increasing the sums 
emitted ; so that in fifteen years, the amount in circulation 
was about two hundred millions. 

The progress of this diminution is worthy of notice. 
At the close of the year 1777, the depreciation was two 
or three for one; in 1778, five or six for one; in 1779, 
twenty-seven or twenty-eight for one; in 1780, fifty or 
sixty for one in the first five months. After this date the 
circulation of these bills was limited ; but when they 
passed they soon depreciated to one hundred and fifty for 
one, and finally several hundred for one. Several causes 
contributed to diminish the value of the Continental cur- 
rency. The excess in quantity at first caused a natural 
decline in value, which was increased by the enemy who 
counterfeited the bills and spread the forgeries through the 
States. These causes, cooperating with the decline of pub- 
lic confidence, rapidly increased the decline, until bills of 
credit, or what was commonly called " Continental money," 



became of little value. The evils I'esnlting from this s\'s- 
tem were immense. P'rom this fact it became extremely 
difficult to raise an army and provide for its subsistence. 
At the same time it originated discontent among the offi- 
cers and soldiers, since their pay in this de])reciated cur- 
rency was inadequate to the support of their families. 
" Four ijionths' pay of a private would not procure his 
family a single bushel of wdieat, and the ])ay of a colonel 
Avould not purchase oats for his horse." 

After the Declaration of Independence in July, 177(5, it 
was determined to maintain the same at idl hazards, and 
a new militia system became necessary-, and in the Septem- 
ber following, an act was passed by the Legislature for 
forming and regulating the militia within the State of New 
Hampshire in New England. This provided for two classes 
of soldiers — a Training Band and an Alarm List. The 
entire male population, negroes, Indians, and a few of the 
highest civil and judicial officers excepted, between the ages 
of sixteen and sixty-five, were to be enrolled. 

The Training Band included all males between the ages 
of sixteen and fifty, with the exceptions noted above ; and 
each of these men was rec[uired to furnish himself with the 
following articles, and keep the same at all times ready 
for use — viz: A good firearm, good ramrod, a worm, 
priming wire and brush, a bayonet fitted to his gun, a 
scabbard and belt therefor, and a cutting sword, or a 
tomahawk or hatchet, a pouch containing a cartridge box 
that wnll hold fifteen rounds of cartridges at least, a hun- 
dred buckshot, a jackknife and tow for wadding, six 
flints, one pound of ])owder, forty leaden bullets fitted to 
his gun, a knapsack, and a blanket, a canteen or wooden 
bottle sufficient to hold one quart. Each town was to 
provide and deposit in some safe place for use in case of 
an alarm, a specified number of spades or shovels, axes 


and picks, and to provide arms and equipments for those 
unable to provide for themselves ; and parents, masters or 
guardians were to provide for those under their care. 
Each company was to muster eight times a year, including 
the regimental musters. 

The Alarm List or Minute Men included all males be- 
tween sixteen and sixty-five, not included in the Training- 
Band, and who were not exempted by this act. The 
Alarm was to be given by firing three guns, one after the 
other; by firing the beacon, or the drums beating the alarm. 

The officers and soldiers, in case of being called forth 
for an emergency, were each to furnish himself with at 
least three days' provisions, and the selectmen of their 
towns were immediately to cause carriages to attend them, 
with further necessary provisions, and utensils to cook 
the same. 

Military watches, or guards, were to be appointed b\' 
the commissioned officers of each town, or by the com- 
manding ofiicers, in such nundiers and at such times and 
places as Avere designated; and all persons in the Training 
Band or Alarm List, imder sixt\' years of age, \vere 
required to do watch duty. Penalties were attached for 
disobedience or neglect, and all fines were to be paid to 
the selectmen or treasurers of the towns in which the 
delinquents had their residence. 

This act continued in operation during the most critical 
part of the war. Troo])s were raised by vohmtary enlist- 
ments ; but when these did not furnish the cpiotas, the 
Council and House of Representatives, or Committee of 
Safety, ordered a specific number of men to lie raised in 
each regiment. This number was apportioned among the 
several companies of the regiment, and the companies 
being paraded, the draft was made under the direction of 
their commanding oflftcers. 


A census of tlie inhabitants of Fitzwilliani made in 1773, 
showed the following results : 

Unmarried men betAveen 16 and 60, . . . . 18 

Married men between 16 and 60, 44 

Males under 16, 55 

Total males, 117 

Females, married, 44 

Females, tmmarried, 53 

Total females, 97 97 

Total population 214 

The returns from Marlborough were as follows: 

Unmarried men from 16 to 60 years of age, . 9 

Married men from 16 to 60 3^ears of age, . . 16 

Boys of 16 years and under, 25 

Men 60 3'ears and above, 1 

Females, unmarried, 26 

Females, married, 16 







The history thus far given has been mostly Hniited to 
portions of the territory of Fitzwilliani, Marlborough, 
Richmond and Swanzey, for Troy, up to this time, had no 
political existence. But in 1815, these portions of terri- 
tory, with the inhabitants thereon, were by legislative 
enactment incorporated into a separate town. It will be 
necessary to go back several years for a full understand- 
ing of the matter and notice some of the reasons which 
made the separation desirable on the part of the people, 
and the means employed to bring it about. 

The surface of the territory being so imeven and hilly, 
and the hills extending in such directions, rendered it in- 
convenient for the inhabitants of some parts of it to reach 
the center of their respective towns. At this time, also, 
the village had attained a considerable size, and had 
become a place of considerable business, so that it com- 
manded the most of the trade within a radius of two or 
three miles. The people, having become accustomed to do 
much of their private business here, very naturally con- 
eluded that it would be for their convenience to transact 
their public business here also. Then again, the village, 
having been built up on the border of two towns, was 


under a divided jurisdiction, and tliis being the case, the 
inhabitants felt that their interests, to a certain extent, 
were divided, which was neither pleascint nor conducive 
to the prosperity of the place. These were the main rea- 
sons urj^ed for an act of incorporation. 

The first knowledge we have that the inhabitants of 
this territory desired a new town was in 1781. In a 
warrant posted for a town meeting at Marlborough, Feb. 
6, 1781, the following article ap])eared : "to See if the 
town will vote off part of the South End of Marlborough, 
find i^art of Fitzwilliam, and part of Swanzey, and part 
of Richmond, in order to make a town." The only re- 
sponse to this article was a vote to pass it over. The 
matter lay dormant for several 3^ears, until 1794, \vhen a 
])etiti()n was dra\vn up and presented to the town of Fitz- 
william, of which the following is a copy. 

"To tlie Inhabitants of ye Town of Fitzwillianis in the County of 
Clieshire, in Legal Town Meeting assembled, on ye 2r)th Day of August 
A. D. 1794. 

The Petion of ye Subscribers a Com'tee in Ijehalf of the Inhabitants 
settled on ye lands included in the 5th, 6th, & 7th Ranges of lotts with 
the weddge tear, together with a number of lotts of land on the north 
end of the Town of Fitzwilliams, bounded as folio weth, be_ginning at 
Writehmond line, including ye 7tli lott in the 12th Range; thence east 
including the 20th lot in ye 9th range; thence east to Jafcry line, includ- 
ing all the lands lying north of Sciid line in said Town of Fitzwilliams ; 
Together with a number of lotts at ye southeast corner of Swanze^' and 
ye northeast corner of Writehmond, and a number of lotts from the 
northwest corner of Writchmf)nd, and numl)cr of lotts from the north- 
■west corner of Jaft'ery, Humbly Sheweth — That I)}' reason of our great 
distance from ye Hous of Pul)lick worship and other meetings for tran- 
saction of Publick business in our respective Towns, u])on matiu'e delibera- 
tin in jmblick meeting called for that purpose, think our dutj^ & a 
reasonable reqxiest that we should be incorporated into a distinct town 
with equal powers and ])riveledges of other Towns within this State. 

Therefore in lichalf of said Inhabitants, we huml)ly rerjucst Gentlemen 
3^our approbation of ye Same, and that by 3'our vote or grant, you 



signify your willingness tliat wt- he incorporat(j<l ]>y yc General Court 
into a Distinct Town as alor, all which is humbly SuhniiUcd hy your 
obedient Servants — 

Ephraim Root, 
Enoch Stauki:v, I 
Daniel Fakkau, j 
Jhssk Bki.ows, ) 

! Com 'tee. 

Eitzwilliams the 6th of August A. I). 17'.)4-.' 

Fitzwilliams August (Hli, 1 7'.)4. 
The subscribers inhabitants of said Town hereby re(|uest ye C.enlle- 
men, Selectmen of this Town to insert ye prayer of ye within petion, and 
make it an Artical in A-e warrant for ye next Townmeeting; 
witness our hands &c. 

Agabus Bishojj, 
John Sweetland, 
Ebenezer Mason, 
William Farrar, 
Thomas Bruce, 
Nathaniel Bucklin, 
Jonas Warren, 
Jonas Robeson, 
Jonathan Whitney, 
John Wliitne\-, 
John Godding, 

Edward Foster, 
David White, 
Ebenezer Nurs, 
John Write, 
Abraham Hawkins, 
Nathaniel Bucklin, Jr. 
Ezekiel White, 
Isaac Jfickson, 
John Jackson, 
Thomas Tolman, 
Timothv Goddiu"'." 

At a town meeting, vshortly after the date ol" the ahv)ve 
petition, the subject was taken into consideration, but the 
town refused to accede to tlie prayer of the ])etitioners. 
In the _vear 1800, the suljject was again agitated, but the 
result was a Httle talk only, which was soon dropped. 
In the summer of 1812, the sul)ject was again revived, 
and under the following circumstance. One afternoon, 
Jacob Osborn and Edmund Beniis happened to meet at 
the store of D. W. Farrar, and as the story goes, "over a 
mug of toddy," broached the subject to Dr. Wright, who 
by reciuest wrote some notices for a citizens' meeting, to 
be held at Weaver's Hotel, for the ])ur]jose of taking the 


matter into considcr^ition and devising such plans as 
might seem expedient. 

At this meeting, of which Capt. Daniel Farrar was 
chairman, and Dr. Wright, secretary, the subject was 
warmly discussed, but to avoid hasty action and give 
ample time for reflection, the meeting was adjourned for a 
few days. 

In order to prepare the way for the organization of a 
new town, it was thought best as a matter of primary 
ini]jortance to build a meeting house. 

At this adjourned meeting a committee was chosen, 
consisting of Capt. Isaac Fuller, George Farrar, Sen., 
Daniel W. Farrar, Daniel Cutting and David White, for 
the pur])Ose of making the necessary arrangements for 
building a meeting house and procuring a charter of the 
proposed town. And in order to obtain the best plan 
possible for a house, Capt. Fuller and Daniel W. Farrar 
Avere directed to go to Templeton, Mass., and examine a 
model house which had just been completed in that town. 
At a meeting of the citizens in 1813, this committee re- 
ported the result of their proceedings ; whereupon it was 
voted that they should draw a plan of the house after the 
model they had examined, and sell what pews they could 
to raise money to defray the expense of building. The 
committee drew the plan and proceeded to sell the pews ; 
but not succeeding according to their expectation, they 
became discouraged and were about to abandon the 

Just at this time, Elnathan Gorhani had moved into 
the village, and by his zeal and energy infused new life 
into the whole matter. He bought pews and rendered 
such pecimiary aid, as enabled the committee to go for- 
Avard and place the building tmder contract. The timber 
for the frame was furnished h\ the citizens, and hewn 


according to the dimensions furnished by the committee; 
the framing and outside work were let to a man from 
SulHvan, for five hundred and fifty dollars ; the inside 
finishing was let to Samuel Morse of Templeton, Mass., 
for six hundred dollars. The contractors went forward 
with their work with all possible speed, so that the frame 
was raised in June, and tiie house was dedicated early the 
following winter. 

Having completed the contracts for the building of a 
meeting house, the committee proceeded to make a survey 
and draw a plan of the proposed town ; they had an 
article inserted in the warrants for the annual meeting of 
each of the towns from which they proposed to sever 
territory, to see if they would vote off the proposed land. 
Richmond and Swanzey were willing to contribiite their 
share of the territory for the new town, but Marlborough 
and Fitzwilliam were inexorable, and refused, as they had 
done vseveral times before. At the session of the Legisla- 
ture the following June, the committee, not discouraged 
])ut hopeful, presented their ])lan to that body and peti- 
tioned for an act of incoqjoration. In this transaction 
Col. Daniel W. Farrar was agent for the petitioners, and 
through his influence the subject was brought before that 
body, but encountered vehement opposition in the House; 
but the question was so far entertained that a committee 
was appointed to examine the ground, hear the |1arties, 
and report at the next session of the Legislature. This 
committee consisted of John Smith of Peterborough, Lock- 
hart Willard of Keene, and Brown of New Ipswich. They 
came here in the spring of 1815, and after a partial view 
of the place, had a public hearing at Gorham's Hotel. 
After hearing the testimony on both sides they expressed 
themselves as adverse to the prayer of the petitioners. 
Upon learning this, Col. Farrar ])r<>posed to tliem to make 


a more thorough exainiiiation of the territory. To this 
thev readily assented, and Col. Farrar took them to the 
top of Fuller Hill as it was then called, now known as 
West Hill, and from thence to the old center meetings house 
in Marlborough. It was about this time that buggy 
wagons came into general use through this region ; they 
were huge and cumbersome affairs in comparison with the 
light vehicles of the present day. One of these buggies, 
containing two ponderous bodies in the form of a court's 
committee and drawn over the rough roads, was enough 
to make a horse of ordinary strength plead the petitioners' 
cause far more efitectually than any attorney could do. 
The ride was sufficient to change completely the minds of 
the committee, and on arriving at the meeting house, one 
of them distinctly declared that "the people of West Hill 
ought never to be compelled to travel such a road as that 
to reach the center of the town." Having secured the 
favor of the committee, the petitioners took fresh courage 
and pressed their claim with more determined resolution. 
But Marlborough and Fitzwilliam continued to thro^v 
every obstacle in their way ; the strife became ardent, and 
it seemed that 

" Loii!.; time in even scale — 
The battle hun-;" — 

When circumstances occurred which rendered it much more 
desirable on the part of Fitzwilliam to lose the trouble- 
some member than to retain it at the expense of entailing 
upon herself a ])erpetual quarrel. At this time the meet- 
ing house there had become dila]jidated, was too small, 
and, in most other respects poorly titted for the comfort 
and convenience of the congregation. It was found neces- 
sary to build a new one, and a contention arose as to its 

The matter was brought before the town as earlv as 



1796, but the project of erecting a new edifice was voted 
down, and though it was called up again and again in 
the succeeding years, for a long time it met with the same 
fate, the friends of the new town holding the balance of 
power between the different parties, were sure to defeat all 
their efforts. Some argued that the new house should 
stand upon the site of the old one, others that the village 
was the only proper place, and there were various places 
named, each of which had its own points of advantage. 

Mill Street. 

The localities which received the ^ most consideration, were 
the old place near the cemctcrv, the spot where the ])res- 
ent town hall stands, and a lot near where D. II. Reed 
now lives. After a time, a compromise was effected be- 
tween those who were in favor of locating the house 
where the ])resent town hall stands and the peo])le in this 
part of the town, and uniting their forces at tlie polls, 
carried both measures by a large majority-. In this way 
did Fitzwilliam relinquish her title to that portion of her 
territory- claimed for the new town, and \vas then enabled 
to settle her own domestic ([uarrels, although a large and 


influential part^- were disaffected and stood aloof from 
erecting the new house of worship. 

Alarlborough learning that Fitzwilliani had yielded in 
the controversy', called a meeting, and voted to give up 
about two-thirds of that part of the territory asked for 
by the petitioners. 

Thus matters stood on the assembling of the Legisla- 
ture in June, 1815, and when the subject was brought 
before that body, the committee reported unanimously in 
favor of granting the prayer of the petitioners. 

At the public hearing of the parties, Samuel Green of 
Concord was emplo^-ed as counsel for the petitioners, and 
John C. Chamberlain of Charlestown for the town of 
Marlborough. After hearing the testimony and the argu- 
ments of counsel, the petitioners were allowed by the 
court to bring in a bill for all the^- asked, excepting the 
Haskell farm. 

The following bill was brought in and passed : 
" State of New Hampshire, in the year of our Lord, one thousand 
eio^ht hundred and fifteen. 

.\n act to incorporate the inhabitants of the southerly 

I 1 part of Marlliorousfh, the northerly ijart of Fitzwilliam, and 

' L. s. ' . . 

I I the easterly parts of Swanzey and Richmond, into a sepa- 

~ rate township, with all the privileges and immunities of 

other towns in this state. 

Whereas, a petition signed by a number of the inhabitants of the 
towns of Marlborough, Fitzwilliam, Swanzey- and Richmond, praying to 
be incorporated into a separate town, has been presented to the General 
Court of this State, and the prayer thereof appearing reasonable therefore, 

Section 1. Be it enacted b\- the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court convened: That all the lands and inhabitants 
within the following limits, namely: be,ginning at the southeast corner 
of lot number twenty-one in the fourth range of lots in Fitzwilliani on 
the west line of Jaffrey, thence running north eighty-seven degrees west 
two hundred and fifteen rods, thence north eighth-two degrees west 
three hundred twenty-six rods, thence south one degree west two hun- 
dred twentv rods, thence north eightv degrees west one hundred sixtv 


rods, thence south four degrees west ninety-five rods, thence north eightv- 
four degrees Avest one hrmdred sixt^' rods, thence south six degrees east 
one hundred rods, thence north eighty-two degrees west one hundred 
sixty rods, thence north eighty-seven and a half degrees west two hun- 
dred ten rods to the east Hue of Richmond, thence northerly on said line 
two hundred sixty-two rods, thence north seventy-two and a half 
degrees west two hundred and forty-three rods, thence north one and a 
half degrees east sixtv rods, thence soiith eight}- degrees west forty-seven 
rods, thence north one degree west one hundred forty-five rods, thence 
south eighty-four degrees east fifty-two rods, thence north eighty rods, 
thence north twenty-three degrees east ninety-two rods, thence north 
thirty degrees east twenty-seven rods, thence north one-half a degree west 
one hundred seventy-three rods, thence east ninety-eight rods, thence 
north one-half degree west two hundred thirty-five rods, thence south 
eightv-two and a half degrees east one hundred thirty-two rods to the 
line between Marlborough and Swanzey, thence north four and a half de- 
grees east on said line two hundred sixty-three rods, thence north eight 
degrees east on said line one hundred ninety-four rods, thence east two 
hundred fifteen rods to the Branch Turnpike Road in Marlborough, 
thence southerly on said road to the south line of lot number nine in the 
fourth range in Marlborough, thence south eighty-seven and a half de- 
grees east sixty-two rods, thence easterly <ni the north line of the fifth 
range of lots in Marlborough to lot number one in said range, thence 
south on the west fine of lot number one in said fifth range one hundred 
sixty rods, thence east one hundred rods to the line between Jaffrey and 
Marlborough, thence southerly on said line of Jaffrey seven hundred 
forty-eight rods to the bounds first mentioned, be and the same are in- 
corporated into a town by the name of Troy, and the inhabitants who 
now reside, or shall hereafter reside within the above mentioned bounda- 
ries, are made and constituted a body politic and corporate and invested 
with all the powers, privileges and immunities which other towns in this 
State are entitled to enjoy, to remain a distinct town, and to have con- 
tinuance and succession forever. 

Section 2. And be it further enacted, That all the moneys that are 
now assessed in the towns of Marlborough, FitzwilHam, Swanzey and 
Richmond for the support of schools shall be divided between the remain- 
ing towns of Marlborough, FitzwilHam, Swanzey and Richmond and the 
several parts of the town of Troy disannexed from said towns according 
to their present proportion of the public taxes, and the lands wliich the 


said towns of Marlborough and Fitzwilliani now have for the support 
of schools shall be divided between the remaininij parts of Marlborough 
and Fitzwilliam and the town of Troy according to the i^resent propor- 
tion of the public taxes paid by the remaining towns of Marlborough 
and Fitzwilliam and the parts of Troy disannexed from said towns, and 
the inhabitants of the town of Trov- shall pay all the taxes assessed on 
them bv the several towns from which they are herein- disannexed, and 
the said town of Troy shall after the next annual town meeting, sup- 
port all the present poor including all those supported in whole or in 
part who have gained a settlement in the towns of Alarlborough, Fitz- 
william, Swanzey and Richmond, by living in that part of cither of said 
towns that is now included within the town of Troy, and shall support 
anv- poor person now residing in any other towns, which by law the 
towns of Marlborough, Fitzwilliam, Swanzey or Richmond may respcc- 
tiveh- be liable to relieve or support, that have gained a settlement in 
either of said towns, by residing within the limits of the town of Troy. 

Provided nevertheless that this, act shall not eft'ect the interest of any 
of the inhabitants of the said rcm.'iining towns, or the town of Troy, in 
an\' schoolhouse now built within the same. 

Section 3. And l)c it further enacted. That Joshua Harrington, Es- 
quire, and Daniel \V. Farrar or either of them, be empowered to call a 
meeting of the inhabitants of the said town of Trov', for the i^urpose of 
choosing all necessary town officers, to continue in office until the annual 
meeting of said town for the choice of town officers which shall forever 
be holden in the month of March, and the said Joshua Harrington and 
Daniel W. Farrar, or either of them, shall preside in said meeting until a 
Moderator be chosen to govern the same, which meeting shall be holden 
in the month of July next, and shall be warned Ijy posting up a notifi- 
cation at the meeting house in said town of Tro^-, fifteen days prior to 
the dav' of holding the same. 

Provided however that all town officers residing within the limits of 
the town of Troy and chosen by the towns of Marlborough, Fitzwilliam, 
Swanzey or Richmond, shall continue in their respective offices during the 
time for which the^' were elected, with full power to execute the same; 
and provided further that all ])ublic taxes which the towns of Marl- 
borough, Fitzwilliam, Swanzey and Richmond shall or ma\- be compelled 
to assess, before a new act for proportioning the public taxes among the 
several towns in this State shall pass, may be assessed, levied, and col- 
lected, by the proper officers of the towns of ^Marlborough, Fitzwilliam, 


Swanzey ami Kiclimond, upon the inhabitants of the town of Troy, in 
case the Selectmen of tlie town of Troy nei^lect to assess, lew and col- 
lect their proportion of stich public taxes, and pay the same seasonably 
into the treasuries of the towns of Marlborough, Fitzwilliam, Swanzey 
and Richmond, in the way and manner as if this act had not passed, 
anything herein to the contrary notwithstanding. 

In the House of Representatives June 17, 1S15. 

The foregoing Bill having had three several readings, passed to be 
enacted. Sent u]) for concuri'ence. 

Gkokge p. Uph.\m, S])eaker. 
In Senate June 19, ISlo. This Bill having been read a third time 
was enacted. 

M. P. Payson, President. 
Approved Jtine 23, 1815. 

J. T. (tILma.x, Governor." 

The following is a copy of the warrant for the first 
meeting, and the record of the proceedings : 


Agreeable to an Act passed by the Legislature of said State at the 
June session 1S15, authorizing the subscribers to call a meeting of the 
inhabitants of the town of Tro}-, for the purpose of electing all the town 
officers in said town, to continue in office iintil the annual meeting to be 
holden in March next, we hereby recjuest and warn all the inhabitants 
of said town, ciualified to vote in town affairs, to meet at the Meeting 
House in said town, on Thvirsdaj' the twentieth day ot July instant, at 
twelve of the clock at n(jon, for the following purposes, viz: 

ARTiCLii 1st. To choose a Moderator to govern said meeting. 

Akticlk 2d. To choose all necessary town officers to continue in 

office until the annual meeting to be holden in March next, and transact 

an\- other business that shall be thought ])roi)er when met. 

Signed, Joshua, 

I)an'ii;l \V. Pakkau. 
Dated Troy. July 4, 1X15. 


cheshikp: ss. J^dv 2(), 1.S15. 

Agreeablv to the power vested in us by the act of incor])orntion of 


the town of Troy, we hereb\- certify that we have notified and warned 
all the legal voters of the town of Troy, to meet at the time and place 
and for the purposes mentioned in the within notification, at the Meet- 
ing House in said Tro}-, fifteen days prior to the above date. 

Signed, Joshua Harrington, 

Daniel W. Farrar. 



At the first legal meeting of the inhabitants of the town of Troy, 
warned by Joshua Harrington, Esq., and Daniel W. Farrar, who were 
authorized by the incorporating said town to call the first meeting, held 
at the Meeting House in said town, the twentieth day of July A. D. 
1815, at twelve of the clock at noon, the meeting being opened by the 
said Joshua Harrington and Daniel W. Farrar, proceeded to business. 

Article 1st. Chose Col. Sylvester P. Flint, Moderator. 

Article 2d. Chose Daniel W. Farrar, Clerk, who appeared and 
accepted of the office, and took the oath of office before Joshua Harring- 
ton, Esq. 

Voted to adjourn the meeting for one hour. 

Met agreeable to adjournment. Voted to choose three Selectmen. 
Chose Daniel \V. Farrar, William Barnard and Sylvester P. Flint, their 
Selectmen who appeared and accepted the office, and took the oath of 
office before Joshua Harrington, Esq. Voted that the Selectmen be the 
overseers of the poor. 

Chose George Farrar, ToAvn Treasurer, who appeared and accepted 
the office, and took the oath of office before Joshua Harrington, Esq. 

Chose Abraham Coolidge, Constable and Collector of taxes, who 
appeared and accepted the office, and took the oath of office, before 
Joshua Harrington, Esq. 

Voted to have two Tythiiig-men. Chose Peter Starkey, and Joseph 
C. Davenport, Tything-men. 

Voted to have two fence viewers. Chose Joshua Harrington, Esq. 
and James Godfrey, Fence viewers who appeared and accepted the office 
and took the oath of office, before the Hon. Nahum Parker. 

Voted and chose Luke Hafris, Sexton. 

Sylvester P. Flint, Moderator. 

Voted to dissolve the meeting. 

Attest, Daniel W. Fakrak, Town Clerk." 




It appears that the early settlers of this region were 
men who placed a high estimate U])on the institvitions of 
religion, and their efforts to establish and sustain such 
institutions were worthy of i)raise ; and the first efforts of 
our early settlers after getting settled in their new homes 
were generally directed to establishing a Christian minis- 
try, showing that the spirit which actuated the Puritan 
fathers was possessed by their children. 

The most, if not all, of these men had been religiously 
educated, and even those who made no pretensions to ])er- 
sonal piety showed great deference to the outward forms 
of religion, and never thought of living without having 
some one to officiate for them in the sacred office. 

Their first places of worship were rude and uncomfort- 
able, but their souls were in the work, and their zeal, 
energy and personal sacrifices in maintaining the stated 
ministration of the gospel, might be studied with benefit 
by man_v of their descendants. 

The history of the rise of the Puritans will show that 
they performed all their duties under an all-])ervading sense 
of moral obligation. Each town was under oblig£ition to 
support a minister, this being one of the fundamental con- 
ditions of the charter given them, and therefore could not 
be left discretionary with individual owners. The minister 
had a claim upon the town for his salary, and he could 


invoke the power of the law in case of delinquency' upon 
the part of the town. 

In many towns preaching was maintained Avhen there 
was no church organization. It was a habit of those 
earlv times for every one to attend church, and although 
the meeting house was far distant, and the way along 
winding paths blazed through the forests, or over roads 
from which the rocks had not been removed, in the sum- 
mer almost the whole population w^ould be assembled on 
Sunday. In the bright midsummer da^-s, when the woods 
were filled with the songs of birds, when the wild flowers 
w^ere blooming in the meadows, the weekly Sabbath jour- 
ne3% on horseback or even on foot, may not have been 
regarded by the sturdy men and women of that day as 
any great hardshi]) ; but in the short winter day, when 
the snow was lying breast deep in the woods, or piled in 
drifts along the fences, with the mercury at zero, the long- 
ing for religious service and the lofty sense of moral obli- 
gation must have been greater than that of the present 
day in order that the toilsome journey should be made. 
Verv often the sun would be sinking behind the hills and 
the twilight deepening before they would reach their homes. 
Wagons were not in use and it was a period of horseback 
riding, although when the snow was on the ground some 
would go with an ox sled. 

The sermons were often long and forcible, occupying 
from an hour to an hour and a half, morning and after- 
noon. Possibly there were other motives than a sense of 
moral obligation for attending meetings under such cir- 
cumstances, for in those early times there were no 
newspapers, with daily or weekly mail, and in many 
places no postoffice, and therefore no means of conveying 
information other than by special messenger on urgent 
public business. 


The meeting house therefore became the chief center for 
the dissemination of news — the news exchange — when on 
Sunday noon all could hear what had taken place during 
the week. No liell summoned the people, and in winter 
there was no fire to abate the keenness of the biting air 
other than the hearthstones of some neighbor, save that 
obtained from a small foot stove. 

In summer the men and boys would convene in scpiads 
about the horse sheds, when there were any, and the 
women would assemble in the pews, and religion, politics 
and business would be discussed. 

In the cold winter's day. the pronouncing of the amen 
of the benediction would be the signal for a quick move- 
ment toward the neighboring houses, w^hen blazing fires 
w^ould be found burning in every kitchen ; luncheons would 
be eaten, and the foot stov^es would be filled with live 
coals preparatory to the long service in the afternoon. 
Such are the scenes recited to us by our grandmothers 
and contrasted with the religious observances of the 
present da\\ 

The grant to the proprietors of the township Monad- 
nock No. 4, or Fitzwilliam, was on condition that one 
share of the one hundred and twenty-nine shares must be 
reserved for a gift to the first settled minister, and of 
another share he was to have the use; while within five 
years a meeting house for public worship should be 
erected, and after one year more, they should maintain 
constant preaching. A faiku'c to fulfill these, wnth other 
conditions, should forfeit the grant. 

Nov. 14-, 1769, the proprietors chose a committee "to 
provide stuf and build a meeting house in said township 
so far as to inclose the outside and Lay the Lour floor." 

The frame for the house was raised in the month of 
Mav, 1770, and it was a number of years before it was 


fully completed. It was a substantial but very plain 
looking bnilding, quite spacious and convenient. The 
pnl])it was at one end. and over it was a huge structure, 
to be found in all of the meeting houses at that time, 
called the sounding board, which was supposed to aid in 
the acoustic properties of the house. The central or body 
part was furnished \vith long slips or seats, which appear 
to have been free, while around the walls, both below and 
in the galleries, were arranged large, square pews, which 
were private property, and probably built at different times 
by their respective owners. This, with some occasional 
repairs, was the religious home where the larger part of 
the people of Troy worshipped for nearly fort^' years. 

For several A'cars before the meeting house ^vas occu- 
pied, the people held Sabbath services in private houses or 
at the inn of James Reed, as circumstances required. As 
earl\' as 1768 preaching was maintained for at least a 
part of each year. During the autumn of that year and a 
considerable part of the winter follo\ving, Mr. Xehemiah 
Parker, a graduate of Harvard College in 1763, was the 
preacher, and who soon afterwards became pastor of the 
Congregational church in Hubbardston, Mass. About the 
middle of the year 1770, the proprietors made out a 
formal call to Mr. I^enjamin Brigham to settle with them 
in the gospel ministry. Air. Brigham was a native of 
Alarlborough, Mass., and had graduated at Harvard 
College in 1764. The following provisions for his pecu- 
niary- support was tendered him. Two lots of land of one 
hundred acres each had been reserved for the first settled 
minister, and two lots more had been reserved for the use 
of the ministry, of which he would have the proper benefit. 
A settlement of eighty pounds lawful money ^vas also offered 
in addition to his salary, Avhich was to be fifty-three 
pounds, six shillings, and eight pence sterling, which after 


three years was to be increased by two pounds annually 
till it should amount to sixty-six potuids, thirteen shillings, 
and four pence sterling, or something more than three 
hundred and fifty dollars. 

The settlement was a gift as an inducement to accept 
the call, and such gifts were the rule a century ago. This 
settlement was estimated to be worth a little over two 
hundred and sixty-six dollars. This, with the annual 
salary and the income from two hundred acres of land, 
was a very liberal support and a sufficient inducement, for 
in January, 1771, Mr. Brigham acce])ted the call that had 
been extended to him, and ]ircparations were soon made 
for the ordination of the first pastor, which occurred on 
the 27th of March following. As the lueeting house was 
not in a suitable condition to be used, the services took 
place at the inn of James Reed, which was u])on the old 
military road, and in sight of the house formerh' occupied 
b}' Gilbert C. Bemis, in Fitzwilliam, which was biumed a 
few years since. The proprietors paid Mr. John Mellen 
the sum of twenty-five dollars for providing for the council 
and the clergymen that might l)e in attendance. 

It seemed necessary that a church should be regularly 
organized before the pastor should be ordained, which was 
done by the council previous to those services. A cove- 
nant had been previously dra^vn up, to be accepted and 
signed for this purpose; and as showing something of the 
outer and inner life of the Christian people that first 
settled in this region, the ancient document is given entire. 

".\. D. 1771, 1 Monadnock No. 4, in ye Province of New l!rnni)sliire. 
March 27. ( We whose names are lierennto suhscriI)C(l l)ein.y in- 

habitants of No. 4 aforesaid, knowin.i; that we are very i^ronc Lo olfend 
and provoke God ye Most lii.^h, in Heart and life, tliro' ye prevailing of 
sin that Dwelleth within I's; and ye manifold temi)tations from withont 


Us; and for which we have j^rreat reason to be unfeifjnedly hnml^led he- 
fore him from Day to Day, Do in ye name of onr Lord Jesus Christ, with 
dependence upon his gracious assistance and influence of the holy ghost, 
solemnh' enter into Covenant with God, according to God asfolloweth: — 

" (1.) That having Chosen and taken ye Lord Jehovah to l)e our God, 
we will fear him and cleave to him in Love, and serve him in Truth with 
all our hearts ; giving up ourselves to be his people ; in all things at his 
Disposal and Sovereign Direction, That we may have, and hold Commu- 
nion with him as Members of Christ's Mystical Body according to his 
revealed will, to our Lives End. 

"(2.) We further Promise to keep Close to ye Truth of Christ, En- 
deavoring with liveh' affections towards it in our Hearts to Defend it 
against all o]i]K)sers thereof, as God shall at any time call us thereunto 
— which that we ma\' Do, we Resolve to Use ye holy Scrijjtures as our 
Platform, whereby we may discern ye Mind of Christ, and not ye new 
found inventions of men. 

" (3.) We also Bind ourselves to Bring up our Children and Servants 
in ye knowledge and fear of God, by hoh' instruction from ye sacred 
Scriptures, — (a Summary of which we have in ye Catechisms of ye Ven- 
erable assembh- at Westminster,) that true Religion may Be maintained 
in our Families while we live, and among such as live when we are Dead 
and gone. 

"(4.) We also Engage to have a Careful insjjection over our own 
hearts, so as to Endeavor b^' Virtue of ye Death of Christ, ye mortifica- 
tion of all our sinful worldly frames and disorderlj' affections, whereby 
we may be with Drawn from ye Living God." 

"(5.) Moreover w^e Oblige our Selves to ye faithful improvement of 
our abilities and opportunities to worship God, according to all ye par- 
ticular institutions of Christ for his church, under Gospel administration; 
as, to give Reverent attention to 3'e word of God, to jjraj' unto him, to 
sing his praises, and to hold Communion with Each other in ye use of 
Both ye seals, viz. Baptism and ye Lord's Supper. 

" (6.) We likewise ])romise that we will peaceabh' submit to ye holy 
Discij)line appointed by Christ in his Chh. for offenders, obej'ing them 
that ride over us in the Lord. 

" (7.) We Bind also ourselves to walk in Love toward one another. 
Endeavoring our mutual Edification; Visiting, Exhorting, Comforting as 
occasion serveth ; Warning any Brother or Sister that oft'ends ; not 
Divulging anv Private ofiences unnecessarilv ; But Heedfullv following 


the several precepts of Christ laid down for Chh. Dealins?, Matt, xviii: 
15, 16, 17, willingh' forg-ivinsf all that manifest to ye ju<l,i;nuMit of 
Charitj' that they tridy Repent of all their miscarriaoes. 

"Now ye God of Peace, that Brou.^ht ai>;ain from ye Dead, ye Lord 
Jesus Christ, ye s^reat Shepherd of ye Sheep, throujih ye Blood of ye ever- 
lasting Covenant, make us all ])erfect in every good work to Do his will, 
working in us that which is well ])leasing in his sight, thro' Jesus Christ, 
to whom be glorA' for ever and ever. Amen. 

"Benjamin Bkigham, Pastor elect. 

" Benjamin Bigklow\ 

"John Fassett. 

"Nathaniel Wilder. 

"Caleb Winch. 

"James Reed. 
" N. B. As to Discipline, this Chh. is founded xipon ye Cambridge 
Platform, as it is commonly Received and Practised upon in ye New 
England Churches." 

This covenant was signed by five men in addition to 
tlie pastor elect, and of the church thus constituted but one 
mem1)er, Caleb Winch, was a resident of what is now Troy. 

Ten churches, with their pastors, were invited to com- 
pose the council, but of these only Marlborough, West- 
borough, Royalston, and Winchendon, Mass., and Keene 
and Swanzey appear to have been represented. 

The answer of Mr. Brigham to the call he received, 
was probably characteristic of the man and was consid- 
ered of sufficient importance to be placed in full upon the 
proprietors' records, and was as follows: 

Monadnock No. 4, January L'l), 1771. 

To the Proprietors and Congregating Society of Mcjnathiock No. 4, 
in the Province of New Hampshire. 

(irace, Mercy and Peace be multiplied from Ciod our Father and the 
Lord Jesus Christ. 

Brethren and Friends. 

The great God who is Sovereign of universal nature and orders all 
things according to the Counsels of his own will, for his own honor and 
glory and the best interests of all who love and fear and oI)cy liim, has, 


in his all wise providence, br()ii_iiht me amony aoii tf) ]3reaeh the Gospel 
of his Son Christ Jesus, and jilsu inclined yon to nifike choice of me who 
am Yer\- unworthy- of the honor, to settle among you in the Avork of 
the Gospel Ministry-. You have laid before me \-our ])ro])osals, bearing 
date Nov. the 7th 1770 and January the 29th 1771, which offers I view 
as generous considering the infancy of the town and circinustances of 
this ])eople; and cannot forbear returning you my sincere and hearty 
thanks for the great resjiect \-ou have shown me thereby. I have taken 
your invitation into serious and prayerful consideration, and when I 
reflect how great and arduous the work of a Gospel Minister is, how 
much grace and wisdom is necessary and how very inic(|ual I am to 
such an under taking, it makes me to tremble and to say with the 
blessed Apostle, "Who is stifficient for these things!" 

Nevertheless when I consider the sufficiency of (jod's grace he affords 
to all them that sincerely ask it of him and the promise of Christ that 
he will be with his Ministers always to the end of this world, and the 
uncomuKJu unanimity of the people in the choice of me f(^r your Pastor 
it sujjports me and I take courage. 

I (\o therefore, viewing it my duty, and having taken the advice of 
my fathers and brethren in the Ministry, with deiiendence, upon grace 
and strength derived from Christ, the Head of all influences, accept of 
your invitations and offers, with this reserve that I have two Sabbaths 
annually allowed me during the time of my ministry, that I may have 
opportunity to visit my parents and friends. 

I further entreat that you would remember me daily in your jirayers 
to God, though an unworthy, yet that I may be a faithful Servant and 
watchman upon this piirt of Jerusalem's Avails, instrumental of advanc- 
ing the Redeemer's Kingdom in the world and of ])romoting religion, 
piety, and true (jodliness among you, that finally I, \vho sow and yoii 
who reap, may rejoice together in the kingdom of glory forever and ever. 

Bknja.mi.x Bkigh.^^m. 

Mr. Brio^ham continued pastor for nearly twenty-nine 
3"ears, or until his death, which occurred June 13, 1799. 
His salary was paid according to contract tor tw'enty- 
seven years, when by mutual agreement, it was assumed 
Ijy the town. 

During the ministry of Air. Brigham there were ad- 
mitted to the church two htmdred and eightv-hve members, 


one hundred and thirty-one males and one hundred 
and fifty-four females. No doubt many of these were resi- 
dents of what is now Troy. 

The following tribute to him is from the records of the 
church: "He was a good Divine, an able and faithful 
Pastor, the friend of peace, truth and righteousness. 
While he lived he was greatly esteemed and beloved bv his 
people and all his acquaintances, and at his death he was 
greatly lamented." 

After the death of Mr. Brigham there was no pastor 
of the church until 1802, services being held by candidates 
or supplies. In June of this year, the church extended a 
call to Mr. Stephen Williams of Woodstock, Conn., to be- 
come their pastor, and requested the concurrence of the 
town in this action. The town voted to comply with this 
request, and offered Mr. Williams a settlement of three 
hundred and thirty-four dollars, and an annual salary of 
three hundred dollars, without the use of the ministerial 
lot. But unfavorable reports respecting the character and 
habits of the candidjite were put in circulation about that 
time, and the town took the precaution to vote that if he 
should become their pastor u])on the proposed terms, and 
within six years should be dismissed becjiuse of charges 
affecting his morals, he should bind himself to restore to 
the towm three-fourths of the amount of his settlement, 
and a less proportion, or one-half of the same, if, for the 
same reason, his ministry should close in twelve years, 
and one-fourth of the same, if within eighteen years. 
These conditions proved unsatisfactorA^ to Mr. Williams, 
and a compromise was effected, the settlement of three 
hundred and thirty-four dollars to be relin({uished, and the 
towm adding one hundred dollars to the amount of his 
stipulated salary, making the amount four lumdrcd dol- 
lars annuallv. 



He was ordained Nov. 4tli, 1800, the council reporting 
that after a careful examination, in which particular atten- 
tion was paid not only to the religious qualifications, but 
also the moral character of the candidate, and were happy 
to find that he possessed an unusually amiable moral 
character, which had continued from his earh' youth, and 
which they did not consider in the least blemished by some 
injurious reports which Air. Williams himself candidly came 
before the council and informed them of; but which upon 
a full investigation of the evidence appeared to have been 
originated and industriously propagated with a wicked 
and malicious design to injure him and to disturb the 
happy unanimity of the people. 

The churches represented in the ordination were those 
in Royalston, Longmeadow and Athol, Mass., of Wood- 
stock, Conn., and of Rindge, Keene, Jaffre\' and Marl- 
borough, N. H. 

Mr. Williams is represented to have been a man of edu- 
cation, a fluent, pleasing speaker, and of sound doctrinal 
belief, according to the standard of the times ; but, unhap- 
pily, he was very penurious, and became so fond of intoxi- 
cating drinks that he would drink to excess when others 
stood ready to pa^^ the bill. His bibulous habits soon 
caused disaffection, and in less than two years the church, 
the town, and Mr. Williams himself, united in calling a 
council for his dismission, and proposing to ask for this 
v^ithout setting forth the reasons. This council met Sept. 
28, 1802, and declined to comply with the ^vishes of the 
parties concerned unless the reasons for the dismission 
were given, and advised the calling of another council, to 
which the whole matter should be submitted, which was 
agreed to. The council met Nov. 19, 1802, and Mr. Wil- 
liams was dismissed, thus terminating a serious difficulty; 
but some of the people, who were the especial friends of 


Mr. Williams, were aggrieved, and did not give a ready 
welcome to his successor. 

August 20, 1804, a call was extended to Mr. John 
Sabin of Pomfret, Conn., and offering as a settlement one 
hundred and fifty dollars, and an annual salary of three 
hundred and fifty dollars, \vhich was accepted. A council 
was called for his ordination in January, 1805, but before 
it assembled, a protest against his acceptance of the call 
and ordination as pastor was presented to Mr. Sabin, 
signed by twenty-one male members of the church, who 
were chiefly warm personal friends of the late pastor, Mr. 

The council assembled and patiently attended and 
examined all the evidence that was offered, with the result 
that it was decided that the interests of religion, the peace 
of the town, and the usefulness of Mr. Sabin would not 
be promoted by his settlement. The ground taken was 
the want of harmony in the church and town respecting 
him, and because the candidate had, it was thought, as 
charged by those opposed to him, given occasion for dis- 
satisfaction b\' being somewhat non-committal in his 
probationary- preaching toiiching some of the generally 
received doctrines of religion. 

Several days later, thirty male member.-; of the church 
signed a request for a church meeting to consider and act 
upon this result, which was held February 14th, 1805, 
when it was declared that the call given Mr. Sabin 
remained good, and making provision for another council, 
adopting a long and particular answer to the action of 
the former council; but it did little or nothing toward 
silencing the opposition. 

The town joined in the request for the second council, 
which was held March 5th, at which eight churches were 
represented, all but one being in Massachusetts. All the 


proceedings of the former council were carefulh' considered, 
as well as the new and carefully prepared protest of the 
twenty-one members of the cluirch and some others, when 
a committee of the council was raised to confer with both 
parties and bring about a reconciliation, if possible. The 
interview proved successful, as the final vote of the council 
^vas unanimous, and Mr. Saliin was ordained as a minister 
and installed as pastor in Fitzwilliam the following day. 

The circumstances of his settlement quite naturally 
affected unpleasantly his relations to the neighboring 
pastors for a time, but after awhile the}' exchanged 
pulpits freely with him, and deemed him a faithful and 
conscientious minister. Rev. Mr. Sabin was born in Pom- 
fret, Conn., April 17, 1770, and graduated from Brown 
University in 1797, at the age of twenty-seven A^ears, and 
was nearly thirty-five years old at the time of his ordina- 
tion. He continued pastor of the church for nearly forty- 
one years, or imtil his death, which occiu-red October 14, 

The pastorate of Air. Sal3in covered a very important 
and at times exciting period of the history of the town. 

The meeting house was not large enough for the com- 
fort and convenience of the congregation, and before the 
ordination of Mr. Sabin, the matter of erecting a new edi- 
fice was brought before the town, but it was voted down, 
and although it was brought up again and again in suc- 
ceeding years it was always voted down. The location of 
the new house seemed to be the difiiciilt point to settle, as 
there \vere several localities proposed, which caused many 
warm and protracted disputes, and \vhich was finally 
settled by the compromise efiected between those who 
lived in this part of the town, who desired the organiza- 
tion of a new town, and those who were in favor of 
locating the house where the present FitzAvilliam town 


hall now stands, whose nnited forces carried both meas- 
ures at the polls by a lar^^e majority. 

One condition of the charter granted by the Masonian 
proprietors to the proprietors of Monadnock No. 5, now 
Marlborough, required the grantees to build a convenient 
meeting house in the township within ten years from its 
date, i^rovided they were not prevented by Indian wars. 

A proprietors' meeting was held January, 1770, when 
it was voted to build a meeting house, and a l)uilding 
committee of six persons chosen, and a subscription ])a])er 
circulated for the purpose of raising funds to aid in build- 
ing the house. There was no difficulty in selecting a loca- 
tion, which Tv^as on a spot nearest the center of the town. 
The frame of the meeting house was put up by Stephen 
Church, some time previous to Nov. 21, 1770, at which 
time a meeting -was held at the house of Benjamin Tucker, 
\vhcn it was voted to accept of certain accounts for ser- 
vices done about the meeting house, among them being 
one of Benjamin Tucker for eight gallons of rum, at three 
shillings, two pence, and two farthings per gallon, for the 
raising of the meeting house. 

In those days it was customary on all occasions like 
these to have at least one barrel of rum, which imdoubt- 
edly was provided on this occasion ; but the demand for 
this indispensable article was so great that this quantity 
was not sufficient, and Benjamin Tucker, being chairman 
of the building committee, ])rocured the additional eight 
gallons, for which he brought in a separate account. The 
house was not finished completely for nearly fifteen years, 
although services were held during the following year 
when the roof only was covered in. 

At this time it was voted "to Lay a tax of one 
farthing on an acre for to hire preaching with." In 1774-, 
provision was made to board the outside, by a tax of one 


and one-half pence per acre. At a meeting in January', 
1779, it was "Voted to finish Cleapboording the meeting 
house and colour it, to hang the Doors to Lay the Lower 
floor and build the body seats and Git one Box of Glass 
to Glaize it in part." To meet this expense, a tax of eight 
pence per acre was assessed. In 1785, the proprietors 
gave up all claim to the meeting house and it passed into 
the hands of the town, and in order to get money to 
finish the building, pew grounds were sold at auction at 
diflerent times. 

In 1774-, the desire to settle a minister seems to have 
increased, for it was voted to " Chuse a Committee to 
provide a minister on Probation, in order for a Settlement." 

It appears that the several committees chosen were 
not successful in hiring preaching, and for several years 
services were irregular. But about 1777, the people 
became more earnest about this matter and several 
meetings were held. About this time the Rev. Joseph 
Cummings, a native of Topsfield, Mass., came among them 
and preached several Sabbaths as a candidate, ^vhen a 
town meeting was called August 6, 1778, at which it was 
voted "to come into some method of Settling a minister 
in said Town." 

It was voted to give Air. Cummings a call to settle 
with them as a preacher, and a committee was chosen, 
consisting of Lieut. Benjamin Tucker, Capt. James Lewis, 
Lieut. Eliphalet Stone, Lieut. James Brewer, and Mr. 
Samuel Soper, who were to propose a method of settle- 
ment, and whose proposals ^vere accepted, which \vere 
as follows : 

Cheshire ss August ye 6, 1778, att a Legal meeting of the Town of 
marlborough the sixth Day of August inst, made Choise of Mr. Richard 
Atwell moderator for sd meeting, Voted to give the Rev. mr, Joseph 


Ctimmings of Sea Brook a call to settle in sd marlborongh as a gospel 
minister, Voted by said Town to make the Rev. mr Cummiiigs the fol- 
lowing proposals for a settlement, to take one share of Land in said 
marlborongh Containing By Estimation one Inmdred and fifty acres, one 
hnndred acre Lots the Lot on which the meeting house stands on Which 
we Desire to reserve four acres Round the meeting house For publick use, 
Voted to Clear Eighteen acres on said Lot Leaving ten trees on each 
acre in addition to what is already Cleared on said Lot in two years, 
From ordination one half yearly. Voted that the Revd nn- Cmnniings 
vShall have Liberty to go onto the ministry Land in said town Cut any 
(|uantity of timljer of any sort that shall Be Necessary for his own 
Buildings. For his salery to have For the first year Forty pounds, for 
the Second year Fort3'-five pounds, for the third year fifty ]»()unds and 
to Continue Fifty pounds yearly, until there Ijecomes one hnndred and 
ten families in said Town then to have Sixty-Six jjounds thirteen shillings 
and fore pence yearly so Long as he shall Remain our gosjjcl minister 
all the above sums to be made ecjuevelent to Ky at three Shillings and 
fore pence pr Bushel. 

LiEVT. Benja Tucker 
Lieut. Joseph Collins 
Mr. Daniel Goodenow 
Mr. William Barker 
Lieut. James Brewer 

David Wheeler, Town Clerk. 


in behalf 



Mr. Cummings returned the following answer under 
the date of October 12, 1778: 

To the Inhabitants of the Town of Marlborough. F'riends find Fel- 
low Christians, — Whereas, it has pleased the great head of the Church 
to incline 3'onr hearts to settle the gospel ministry among you and 
disposed you to give me (unworthy as I am) an invitation to the im- 
portant work; after mattn^e deliberation and many ^mxitnis thoughts 
upon a matter of so great moment; having l)een importunate with Cod 
for direction and asked advice of men — 

I conclude to accejit your invitation (provided you will allow me two 
or three Sabbaths yearly dining my ministry to visit my (riends ,'is llie\- 
live at a distance.) Humbly confiding in Divine goodness for assistance 
faithfully to discharge the duty of a gospel minister, and begging your 
earnest prayers that a blessing may attend my ministerial labors. 


Heartily wishino: that grace, mercy and peace may be the stal^ility of 
our times — I snljscrihe your fiffectionate F~riend and Servant. 

Joseph Clmmings. 

Mr. Ctimmings was ordained Nov. 11, 1778, at which 
time a Congregational church was formed, consisting of 
eight members. 

The salary of Air. Cummings was $133.33, which was 
soon rendered wholly inadec[natc by the depreciation of 
the paper money, which began in 1777 and went on so 
rapidly that in about four years it became nearly worth- 
less. In 1780, it was voted that his salary be increased 
forty times, and a few months later it was voted to make 
it seventy-two for one. Soon after this, difficulties arose 
between the church and Mr. Cummings, the people charg- 
ing him with unfaithfulness and the pastor denoimcing the 
people for not fulfilling their contract in clearing land, and 
also charging them with unkindness. A council \vas con- 
vened Dec. 26, 1780, to take the matter into considera- 
tion, and as a result of their deliberations, it was voted 
that the pastoral relations between Mr. Cummings and 
the clnu'ch be dissolved, which was accepted by the town 
and all the parties concerned. 

The difficulties growing out of his dismission did not 
end at that time, but continued for a long time, and for 
nearly thirteen years there was no settled pastor, and 
preaching only a part of the time. 

]Mr. Halloway Fish was ordained pastor of the church. 
Sept. 25, 1793, with a settlement of one hundred and 
seventy pounds, and an annual salary of seventA- pounds. 
Mr. Fish was a native of Upton, Mass., and a graduate 
of Dartmouth College in 1790. He Avas pastor of the 
church nearly thirty-one years, and during his ministry 
the church increased greatly in membership. Mr. Fish died 
Sept. 1, 182-I-, at the age of sixty-two years and one month. 


During the pastorates of the Rev. Messrs. Sabiii of 
Fitzwilliam and Fish of Marlborough, the town of Troy 
was incorporated. Sept. 14-, 1815, at the request of sev- 
eral residents of the new town, an Ecclesiastical Council 
was convened, consisting of Rev. Halloway Fish of Marl- 
borough, Rev. John Sabin of Fitzwilliam, and Rev. Ezekiel 
Rich, an evangelist, to assist in organizing a Congrega- 
tional church. The following agreement of fellowship was 
subscribed to by ten men and their wives. 

We do now, before God and these witnesses, severally and niiitiially 
eovenant and engage to receive and trust each other as Christian breth- 
ren and sisters ; to watch over each other with Christian tenderness and 
fidelity ; to use our best endeavors to reclaim an\' of our number who 
may wander from the path of truth and dutj' ; and that we will use the 
best means in our pov^'er to have the ordinances of the Gospel, and the 
faithful preaching of the Lord, regtdarly administered among us, and in 
testimony of our cordial assent to the above, we hereljy sidjscribe our 


Caleb Winch and Esther Winch. 

Silas Fife and Alngail Fife. 

David Saunders and Molly Saunders. 

C\'rus Fairbanks and Mercy Fairlinnks. 

Joshua Harrington and Elizabeth Harrington. 

Jacob Osborn and Sibel Osborn. 

Joseph Butler and Pervey Butler. 

Wilham Barnard and Bathsheba Barnard. 

Caleb Winch and Luc\' Winch. 

Josei)h Tilden and Saloma Tilden. 

Articles of faith and a covenant were also adopted and 
assented to. A meeting of the church was held Sept. 15, 
1815, when it was voted to extend an invitation to Rev. 
Ezekiel Rich to become their pastor, and appointed a com- 
mittee, consisting of Silas Fife, Jacob Osborn, and Joshua 
Harrington, to notify the town of the doings of the church 
and ask the town's concurrence and assistance in his set- 
tlement, and also to notify Mr. Rich of their choice. The 


town concurred, and Mr. Rich accepted the call, and prep- 
arations were made for calling a council for his ordina- 
tion. Letters missive were sent to eleven churches, viz: 
Fitzwilliam, Rindge, Jaffrey, Marlborough, Swanzej', Keene, 
Sullivan and New Ips\vich in New Hampshire, and North- 
bridge, Athol and Harvard in Massachusetts. The coun- 
cil met December 19, at the house of Capt. D. W. Farrar, 
and formed by choosing Rev. Seth Payson, D. D., of 
Rindge, moderator, and Rev. John Sabin of Fitzwilliam, 
scribe. After a due examination of Mr. Rich, the council 
voted unanimously to proceed to his installation as pastor 
over the church the next day, at ten o'clock in the forenoon. 

The introductory prayer \vas made by Rev. William 
Muzz3' of Sullivan, and Rev. John Crane, D. D., of North- 
bridge, Mass., preached the sermon; the installing prayer 
was offered by Rev. Laban Ainsworth of JafitVey, Rev. Seth 
Payson of Rindge gave the charge, and Rev. Warren J 03^ 
of Harvard, Mass., the right hand of fellowship, and the 
concluding praA'er was made b\' Rev. Richard Hall of Ne\\' 
Ipswich. The town voted to pay him eight dollars for 
each Sabbath he supplied the pulpit from the time of his 
installation until the first Tuesday" of the next February', 
which should be paid monthl\^ and four hundred dollars 
as an annual salary" after that time, so long as the pas- 
toral relation existed between him and the town, with an 
additional sum of one hundred and fift\" dollars to be paid 
February-, 1816, and one hundred and fift^^ dollars more 
in one ^-ear. Should he become unable to suppK- the pul- 
pit, one-half the salary-, or two hundred dollars was to be 
paid him annuall\\ 

After a time a number of the residents of the town 
who contributed to the support of the minister became 
dissatisfied with Mr. Rich and asked to be exempted from 
paying a minister tax, and that the connection between 


him and the town be dissolved, giving as the reason for 
such action, that he was devoting most of his time to his 
own private enterprises for the accnmnlation of pro])erty, 
and for ])reaching doctrines which he had previously 
denied. This the town voted to do, and Mr. Rich united 
with the church in asking that a council be called for his 
dismission. This was composed of the churches in Fitz- 
william, Marlborough, and Rindge, who assend^led at the 
house of Joshua Harrington, and after careful deliberation 
found it expedient that his pastoral duties should termi- 
nate July 18, 1818. No evidence appeared that he had 
forfeited his Christian or ministerial character, and in their 
opinion he had been a faithful minister and had discharged 
the duties that might reasonably have been expected of 
him at his settlement. Mr. Rich contintied his residence in 
town, on the farm now owned by E. P. Kimball, until 
about 1845. He occasionally supjilied the ])ulpit after his 
dismission, and also performed some missionary- labor in 
this and other states. He died at Deep River, Conn. 

November, 1819, a religious society was formed by the 
name of the First Congregational Society of Troy, which 
Vk'^as a party with the church in supplying the pulpit till 
1824, when a new constitution was adopted — the societ3^ 
taking the name of the Congregational Societ}^ of Troy. 
The last meeting of the society was recorded in 184(). 

There was no regular preaching from this time until 
1820, when Rev. Seth E. Winslow was em])l()ye(l as a 
stated supply for three years. Rev. Otis C. Whiton sup- 
plied the ]ndpit from Sei>tember, 1824, until December, 
1827. He was invited to become ])astor, l)ut tor some 
reason declined. After he closed his labors in Troy, he 
preached in different places till April 18, 1841, when he 
began to preach at Harrisville, and was installed Aug. 11, 
1842, and remained j^astor till his decease, Oct. 17, 1845, 


at the age of fifty-one years. After Air. Whiton, Rev. 
Messrs. Peabody, Pitman, and Erwin, were employed for 
short periods to supply the pulpit. 

Rev. Stephen Morse, a graduate of Dartmouth College 
in 1821, was installed as second pastor of the church, 
Aug. 26, 1829. The following churches were represented 
in the council, cither by pastor or delegate, or both, viz: 
Jafifrey, Fitzwilliam, Keene first church, Swanzey, and 
Marlborough. The Rev. Mr. Burnham made the intro- 
ductory prayer and Rev. Mr. Barstow of Keene preached 
the sermon ; the installing prayer w^as made by Rev. Laban 
Ainsworth of Jaffrey, Rev. John Sabin of Fitzwilliam gave 
the charge. Rev. Salmon Bennett of Marlborough pre- 
sented the right hand of fellowship, Rev. Ebenezer Coleman 
of Swanzey addressed the people and Rev. Mr. Sabin 
offered the concluding prayer. Mr. Morse \vas pastor 
until Jan. 31, 1833, and although his ministry was short, 
it was successful, there being some thirty additions to the 
church during that time, nineteen joining by profession on 
one occasion. For some reason there was some falling off 
in the support of Mr. Morse, and it became necessar\^ for 
his dismission. 

There were some in town who were in favor of preach- 
ing certain doctrines which the church did not support, 
and could not sanction as hearers, which undoubtedly 
caused some dissension among the people. These parties 
were opposed to what was called at that day rigid Cal- 
vinism, and were in favor of greater liberality in covenantal 
belief, and in the matter of ministerial exchanges. As the 
meeting house \vas desired and occupied a portion of the 
time by others, the church negotiated supplies for a time, 
and when they could not have the meeting house, 
worshipped at private dwellings or the center school- 
house. Among the supplies may be mentioned the Rev. 


Messrs. Ainsworth, Crosby, Farnsworth, Spanieling and 
Holm an. 

When the formation of the new town was first desired, 
it was thought necessary as a preparatory act that a 
meeting honse should be bnilt, and accordingly at a meet- 
ing of the citizens held during the summer of 1812, a com- 
mittee was chosen for the purpose of making the necessary 
arrangements for the building of a meeting house, which 
consisted of Capt. Isaac Fuller, George Farrar, Sen., Daniel 
W. Farrar, Daniel Cutting and David White. At a meet- 
ing of the citizens in 1813, the committee made a report 
of their proceedings, and it \vas voted that they should 
draw a plan of a house they had examined in Templeton, 
Mass., and sell what pews they could to raise money to 
pay the expense of building. The committee did not 
succeed according to their expectations and for a time it 
seemed they ^vould be obliged to abandon the enterprise, 
when through the liberality of Elnathan Gorham, who 
had just moved into the village, who bought pews and 
rendered such pecuniary aid, the committee were enabled to 
place the building under contract. The timber for the 
frame was furnished by the citizens, and hewn according 
to the dimensions furnished by the committee ; the framing 
and outside finishing were let for five hundred and fifty 
dollars, to a man from Sullivan ; the inside finishing was 
let to Samuel Morse of Templeton, for six hundred dollars. 

The contractors pushed the work forward with all 
possible speed, and the frame was raised in June, 1814. 
The raising was attended with a circumstance that came . 
near proving disastrous. Just as the frame was partially 
raised and the effort of every man was required to sustain 
and complete the work, an alarm was given that a boy 
had fallen into the mill-pond and was drowned. Quick as 
thought, a large number rushed to the water, leaving their 


companions in labor in a most perilous position. For a 
little time a few onh', thonghtfiil and brave men, stood at 
their posts, though they were almost led to tremble lest 
the weight the\' had to sustain should prove too much for 
their strength, and they should be crushed beneath the 
falling timbers. Fortunately, however, no harm ensued, 
and the drowning boy, who was Aaron, son of Hugh 
Mason, by great effort was saved. 

The house was dedicated earW the following winter, 
and the sermon w^as preached by Rev. John Sabin of 
Fitzwilliam. The Rev. Messrs. Ainsworth of Jaffre\', Pay- 
son of Rindge, Fish of Marlborough and Brown of 
Swanzey, took part in the exercises. 

This house Avas situated upon what is now the north 
common, and faced the east. It is presumed that the 
interior arrangement was similar to the style then in 
vogue, being furnished in the central or body part with 
long slips or seats, while square pews were arranged next 
to the walls, both below and in the galleries. The house 
was painted on the outside at least, for we find that the 
town accepted the ofier of Daniel W. Farrar to paint 
it for the unsold pe^vs and two hundred dollars in 

In January, 1816, the proprietors relinquished to the 
town all their interest in the meeting house, except the 
pews \v^hich had been sold to individuals. The deed was 
as follows : 

Know All Men by These Presents: That we Isaac Fuller, George 
Farrar, Daniel W. Farrar, Daniel Cutting and David White of Troy, in 
the County of Cheshire and State of New Hampshire, in consideration of 
the sum of twenty- dollars paid Iw the said town of Tro3-, the receipt 
whereof we do hereby acknowledge, have remised, released, and forever 
rpiitclaimed, and do b^' these presents remit, release, and forever quit- 
claim iinto the said town of Troy, a certain hf^use lately built in said 
town of Troy for public worship, and for a public meeting house, 



situated near the former town line between Fitzwilliam and Marlbor- 
oiis^h, excepting the pews which have been sold and are the jjropcrtv of 
individuals as follows, viz: 

Niiniber. Owner's Name. 

1. Joshua Harrington. 

2. Daniel W. Farrar. 

3. Elnathan Gorham. 

4. Daniel Farrar. 

5. Elijah Fuller. 

7. William Barnard. 

8. Caleb Winch. 

9. Isaac Fuller. 

10. Silas Fife. 

11. Samviel Starkey. 

12. John Lawrence. 

13. Daniel W. Farrar. 

14. Ebenezer Wright. 

15. Jacob Osborn. 

16. John Starkey. 

17. Samuel Rockwood. 

35. George Farrar. 

36. Thomas French. 

37. Caleb Perr\'. 

38. Daniel W. Farrar. 

39. Josiali Lawrence. 

40. Peletiah Hodgkins. 

41. Easman Alexander. 

42. Solomon Alexander. 


Number. Owner's Name. 

18. David White. 

19. Henr}' Tolman. 

20. James Godfrey. 

21. vSilas Wheeler. 

22. Daniel Cutting. 

23. Samuel Farrar. 

24. Luke Harris. 

25. .\sa Brewer. 

26. Salmon Whittemore. 

27. A. Coolidge & L. Ward. 

28. H. Jackson & T. (ioddin; 

29. Jacob Daggett. 

30. Sylvester P. Flint. 

31. Daniel W. Farrar. 

32. Zopher Whitcomb. 


43. Talmon Knights. 

44. William Farrar. 

45. Samuel Morse. 

46. Joseph Haskell. 

47. Nathan Winch. 

48. Joseph Forristall. 

49. Edmimd Bemis. 

50. Ebenezer Nurse. 

1. Daniel W. Farrar. 

2. Nathan Newell. 

3. Joshua Harrington, Jr. 

4. Thomas French. 

5. Joseph Cutting. 

6. Stephen Farrar. 

7. Aaron Holt. 

8. Moses Aldrich. 


17. Daniel W. Farrar. 

18. Joseph Butler. 

19. Joseph Wheeler. 

20. Daniel W. Farrar. 

21. Joseph Alexander. 

22. Daniel Lawrence, Jr. 

23. Daniel W. Farrar. 

24. Daniel W. Farrar. 


Daniel \V. 



Daniel W. 



Daniel W. 



Daniel \V. 



Daniel W. 



Daniel \V. 



Daniel W. 



William L 



9. Daniel \V. Farr^ir. 

10. Daniel W. Farrar. 

11. Daniel W. Farrar. 

12. Daniel W. Farrar. 

13. Levi Starkey. 

14. Daniel W. Farrar. 

15. Daniel W. Farrar. 

16. Daniel W. Farrar. 
To have and to hold the same together with all the privileges and 

appurtenances thereinito belonging to the said town of Troy forever. 

In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals this 
thirty-first day of January, eighteen hundred and sixteen. 

In presence of us, Isaac Ftllek. [L. S.] 

William Barnard. George Farrar. [L. S.] 

Sylvester P. Fll\t. Daniel W. Farrar. [L. S.] 

Abraham Coolidge. Daniel Cutting. [L. S.] 

Caleb Perry. David White. [L. S.] 

A new religious societ\' was formed Dec. 16, 1833, by 

the naine of the Trinitarian Congregational Society of 

Tro3% composed mostly of the members of the church, and 

a new constitution adopted. 

The question of a new house of worship for the use of 
the society soon became a prominent factor, and at a 
society meeting held Nov. 12, 1834-, it was voted to build 
a new meeting house, and a building committee chosen, 
consisting of Abel Baker, Solomon Goddard, Charles W. 
Whitney, Alpheus Crosby, Amos Sibley, Luke Harris, and 
Moses S. Perkins, w^ho were authorized to obtain a suit- 
able lot, and make contracts for building, leaving it dis- 
cretionary with them to build with brick or wood. It 
^vas after\vard voted that the house should be fifty-six 
feet long b\' forty-four wide, with a vestry under the roof. 
The land was contributed by Daniel W. Farrar, and it is 
presumed that operations were commenced the follow- 
ing spring, and the house completed early in the fall, for 
September 26th, the society voted to accept the report of 

^v>i- - ^ ■ '~TZ WP7k^^^(^ 

Rev. Daniel Guodiiue. Rev. Levi Brigh.\m. 

Rev. James Marshall. Rev. David \V. Goodale. Rev. Josiah Merrill. 

Rev. \Vm. p. Claxcv. Rev. Dightox M<ises. 




the bnilding committee as to the expense of the house, 
which was $1,994. 

The basement of the meeting house was l)uilt of gran- 
ite, by Alpheus Crosljy, at his expense, and was fitted up 
and used as one or tw-o tenements until 1S71, when it 
was purcliased by the society, together with some of the 
adjoining land, of the owner, William A. Harris, and made 
over into a vestrv for the use of the church. 

\ f 






, M 


Congre(;atil)nal Chukch. 

The choice of pews was given Daniel W. Farrar, as 
comjjcnsation for the land upon which the house stands, 
which is the present Congregational church. 

The societ3^ received in 1872, a legacy from the estate 
of Mrs. Sophronia W. Jones, through which her residence 
became the property of the society for a i^arsonage, which 
was used and occupied as such until 189,3, when the |)rop- 
erty was sold to Herbert A. Marshall, and a lot purchased 
of George N. Parmenter, on the Jaffrey road, upon which a 
new parsonage Avas built during the fall of 1893. 

A call was extended to Rev. Jeremiah Pomcroy, a grad- 
uate of Amherst College and Auburn Theological Seminarv, 




to become the first pastor of the Trinitarian society, 
and the third of the church, at a salary of four hundred 
dollars. He was installed Jan. 6, 1836, the introductory 
prayer being given by Rev. Giles Lyman of Jafifrey ; Rev. 
L. P. Bates of Templeton, Mass., preached the sermon, the 
installing prayer was by Rev. Vinson Gould of Bernards- 
ton, Mass., charge by Rev. S. G. Clapp of Enfield, Mass., 
the right hand of fellowship was by Rev. Moses I. Gros- 
venor of Marlborough, the charge to the people by Rev. 
Z. S. Barstow of Keene, and the concluding prayer b}^ 

Congregational Parsonage. 

Rev. Mr. Sabin of Fitzwilliam. There were several seasons 
of unusual interest during his ministry which continued 
until Feb. 27, 1844, when he was dismissed. He went to 
Harrisville, on leaving Troy, where he labored successfully 
for four years, when he went to Massachusetts. 

Rev. Luther Townsend was ordained and installed pas- 
tor, March 5, 1845. He was a native of Fitzwilliam, and 
w^as born Aug. 12, 1813. He graduated at Dartmouth 
College in 1839, and from Andover Theological Seminary 
in 1842. 


Mr. Townsend was pastor for fifteen years, being dis- 
missed May 22, 1860, after which he returned to Fitzwil- 
liani in feeble health, where he died of consumption, Feb. 
9, 1862, aged forty-nine years. 

From this time until September, 1865, there was no 
regular pastor, preaching being maintained by supplies, 
who were the Rev. Messrs. Easmon, Perry, Whitconib, 
Jenkins, Alexander, Miller, Brown, Spaulding, Roberts and 
Beck with. 

Rev. Daniel Goodhue came in the fall of 1865, and 
remained until about April 1, 1868, and was succeeded by 
Rev. Levi Brigham. 

Mr. Brigham was born in Marlborough, Mass., Oct. 
14, 1806; graduated at Williams College, 1833, and An- 
dover Theological Seminary, 1836. Previous to coming 
here he preached in Dunstable, Mass., for fourteen years, 
and in Saugus, Mass., for eighteen years. He was pastor 
for eight years, or until Sept. 12, 1876, when he returned 
to his native town, where he died a few years since. 

Rev. James Marshall was pastor from February, 1877, 
until his death, which occurred in April, 1878. The ser- 
vices of Rev. David W. Goodale were secured the following 
September. He was born in Douglass, Mass., Dec. 28, 
1847; graduated from Monson Academy, 1871; Amherst 
College, 1875; Andover Theological Seminary, 1878. He 
was ordained and installed as pastor, Oct. 1, 1878. He 
resigned September, 1883, going to Sudbury, Mass. He 
was settled in Hillsborough Bridge, N. H., for several 
years, btit is now at Suffield, Conn. 

Rev. Josiah Merrill became the next pastor soon after 
the resignation of Mr. Goodale, and continued in that 
relation until the latter part of 1891, when he resigned on 
account of advanced age and feeble health. He died at 
Lynn, Mass., in the summer of 1894. 


Rev. Benjamin VV. Pennock was pastor one year, from 
Febrnary 1892, till February 1893, and was succeeded by 
Rev. William P. Clancy, who commenced his labors Juh^ 
1, 1893. 

Rev. Dighton Moses became pastor in the fall of 1896. 

For several ^-ears after the organization of the church 
no person held the office of deacon, probably some member 
of the church committee acting in that capacity. Since 
the organization of the church eleven persons have served 
as deacons. 

Danforth Colburn, Jr., was elected Jxily 3, 1823. 

Caleb Winch, '• Jan. 18, 1825. 

Abel Baker, " Jnne 30, 1826. 

Easman Alexander, " Sept. 1-1, 1827. 

Edwin Bnttrick, " Sept. 4, 1863. 

Lnther Wliitteniore, " Jan. 1, 1864. 

Barrett Ripley, " Sept. 3, 1868. 

James C. Parker, " Jan. 3, 1884. 

Oliver W. Smith, " April 5. 1891. 

Asa C. Dort, " Nov. 23, 1893. 

Thomas A. Birtwhistle, " Nov. 23, 1893. 

Deacons Baker, Alexander and Buttrick served the 
church from the time of their election to the office imtil 
their death, the two former for about thirty-six years 
each, and the latter for twenty-eight years, nearly. 


In November, 1789, a Baptist church was organized at 
the house of Agabu« Bishop, in the southwestern part of 
what is now the town of Troy, with twenty-five mem- 
bers, whose names are as follows : 

Agabiis Bishop. , Thomas Tolman. 

Rebekah Bishop. Eben Ormsby. 

Thomas Clark.- Hannah Ormsb^'. 

Mary Clark. Elijah Ormsb^'. 

Rufus Freeman. Eleazor Mason. 


Phelie Freeman. Daniel Bullard. 

Isaac Jackson. vSarah Bullard. 

Sarah Jackson. Jesse Bishop. 

Joseph Aldrich. Rel)ekah Bishop, II. 

Lucy Aldrich. Timothy Godding. 

John Godding. Ruth Godding. 

Mary Godding. Mary Starkey. 
Rebekah Bishop, III. 

A set of articles of faith were adopted, the ori^nal of 
which has been preserved, and is in keepinj^ of the clerk of 
the chtirch in Troy. 

This church was known for abont twenty-five vears as 
the "Baptist Church of Fitzwilliam." For about twelve 
years after the organization, the church was without reg- 
ular preaching services, but were favored occasionally with 
the services of the pastors of several neighboring Baptist 
churches. The following year considerable religious interest 
was manifest, and as a result the church licensed Mr. 
Rufus Freeman to preach the Gos])el, and for a length of 
time not definitely known he furnished them with regular 

For over forty years, or until 1836, they had no regu- 
lar place of worship, school and dwelling houses furnishing 
the places for its meetings. In 1836, under the pastoral 
labors of Rev. Obed Sperry, they tmited in worshi])ing 
with the First Congregational society, and met with them 
in the town house in the village. For some time the 
church w^as the owner of but one hymn book. Deacon 
Mason read the hymns ; reading two lines, and then they 
sang them, and then he would read two more lines, and 
so on. And when a sufficient sup]5ly was ])urchascd, it is 
said that he remarked that he "was sorry, as he was 
deprived of a great privilege." 

Nov. 10, 1810, Artmah Allen was licensed to ])reach the 
Gospel, and was engaged by them as their settled minister 


at a salary of fiftA' dollars a 3'ear for his services, and a 
council called to ordain him. 

About the time when the town of Troy was incorpo- 
rated in 1815, this church was divided into two branches. 
The branch in Troy assuming the naiue of the " Fitz- 
william and Troy Baptist Church," and the branch in 
Fitzwilliam assuming the name of the "First Baptist 
Church of Fitzwilliam." Some eighteen of its members 
were dismissed to become the nucleus of the latter church. 

In 1817, December 18, the church voted to "call 
Brother Darius Fisher to ordination, and then to become 
their pastor." He held this relation for sixteen years, or 
until his death in 1834. A remarkable circumstance about 
the pastorate of Elder Fisher was that he received a 
salary of one dollar and a half a year and the shoeing of 
his horse. 

From 1825 to 1836 there are no records whatever 
pertaining to the church except a document which shows 
that in 1827 Elder Fisher organized a missionary society, 
called the " IMale and Female Society of Fitzwilliam and 
Tro\' for Missionary purposes." 

In 1836, the "Fitzwilliam and Troy Baptist Church" 
assumed the name of "The First Baptist Church of Troy." 

Rev. Obed Sperry became pastor in 1836, and served 
two years. From 1839 till 1844, Rev. John Woodbury 
was in charge of the pastorate. In 1840, he was aided 
in his labors by the famous evangelist, Rev. John Peacock, 
and a glorious revival was the result. During the five 
years of Air. Woodbury's service there were thirt\'-one 
additions to the church. 

Rev. P. P. Sanderson next served the church as pastor 
from 1845 to 1846, one year. 

In 1846, the Rev. Phineas Howe was called to the 
pastorate, but felt obliged to resign on account of ill health. 



In 184-7, at the meetinj^s of the church, the question of 
the relations of the church to the Hcjuor traffic were 
discussed, and they decided by vote, " Thiit it was wrong 
to license men to sell s]jiritous liciuors as a beverage." 
The church thus early taking a decided stand in the 
direction of temperance. 

Rev. A. M. Piper succeeded to the pastorate in 1S47, 
and served five years, during which time seven persons 
were added to the church. During the pastorate of Mr. 
Piper, steps were taken to build a house of worshij) of 

Baptist Church. 

their own. At a church meeting on March 30, 1S4-S, they 
voted to build a meeting house, and appointed a building 
committee consisting of the following persons : L. Brown, 
L. C. Clark, E. Lyon, A. S. Clark, and C. Mason. These 
brethren entered vigorously into the discharge of then- 
duties. A site was obtained, the work commenced, and 
soon a convenient house was completed, and in January, 
1849, it was dedicated with ai)pr()priate services to the 
worship of God. Here, from that time down to the ])rcscnt, 


they have been enabled to maintain the regular minis- 
tration of the Gospel. 

Rev. A. B. Eggleston became pastor in 1853, and 
remained wnth them for two years. Rev. Joseph Alitchell 
followed in 1856, and labored with the church for one 
year. Rev. P. P. Briggs next supplied the pulpit for one 
3'ear. At the commencement of his labors he was assisted 
b}' Rev. John Peacock, the evangelist, and as a result of 
their combined labors, about thirty members were added 
to their membership. 

Rev. John Fairman was pastor during the year 1857. 
In 1858, the church extended a call to Rev. C. D. Fuller, 
who labored with them for two years. Rev. J. B. Bills 
next had charge of the pastorate, remaining only a few 
months. From 1860 till 1862, the pulpit was supplied b^^ 
W. H. Chamberlain. From 1862 till 18()4, the church had 
no settled ]3astor. Rev. E. K. Bailey supplying the ])ulpit 
during these two years. 

Rev. J. S. Herrick was next called to become their pas- 
tor. He began his labors in 1864-, and was pastor for 
fourteen years, or until 1878. During his jjastorate some 
seventy-eight additions were made in the church member- 
ship. Mr. Herrick had to retire from active labor on 
account of poor health. 

Daniel R. Herrick, son of J. S. Herrick, was licensed to 
preach, and the church called him to become their pastor, 
calling a council for his ordination. He was pastor a 
little over a year, 1878-79, when he was obliged to retire 
on account of ill health. During his pastorate, twenty- 
four united with the church. Din"ing the succeeding two 
3'ears the church was without a pastor, the pulpit being 
supplied by various ministers. 

Rev. (). E. Brown became pastor in 1881 and remained 
with the church for three vears, being succeeded in 1884 


b^' Rev. W. F. Grant, who labored with them for foiir 
x'ears, resigning in 1888. 

Rev. L. E. Scharf became pastor in October, ISSD, and 
remained with them two years, when he resigned, and 
Rev. D. R. Herrick again became the pastor for a short 
period, six months, being succeeded hy Rev. \V. W. Hackett, 
who resigned about Jan. 1, 1894-, being succeeded l)y the 
present pastor. Rev. E. W. Dow. 

The church has Hcensed eleven young men to preach 
the Gospel, all of whom, except two, have served the 
church as pastors. 

The following persons have served as deacons : 

Eleazor Mason. Luke C. Clark. 

A. Stone. Howard Clark. 

T. God(lini,r. Alvali S. Clark. 

E. Lyon. A. M. Smith. 

L Stowell. Charles W. Brown. 

Lemuel Brown. Frank L. Brown. 

Mr. Godding was elected in 1818, and served for 
thirty-eight years, and Mr. Alvah S. Clark has also served 
for about thirty-eight years. 

During the earh^ years of the church's history, and at 
times in its later A-ears, the chinxh has had to contend 
against adverse influences, growing out of a variety of 
causes or circumstances, which have hindered its pros- 
peritv. Years ago there existed in most of the New 
England States, as well as in New Hampshire, what was 
called the "Standing order," which compelled all i)roperty 
holders to pa\' a church tax for the maintenance of the 
State church. This law worked very disadvantagcously 
against the members of this church, for they were not rich 
in worldly goods, and conseciuently every dollar they were 
compelled to pay for the supi>ort of another society, 
lessened the means of su])porting their own society. Thus 


we see their pecuniary resources, for a considerable time, 
w^ere not sufficient to meet all demands made upon them, 
and necessary- to be met, in order to promote the rapid 
and vigorous growth of the church. 

Another hindrance has been the frequent pastoral 
changes that have taken place, and also the frequent 
removals of the members to other churches in the land, 
seeking their fortunes elsewhere in their attempt to better 
their condition in life. Several causes have led to the fre- 
cjuent pastoral changes. In the past, if not at the present 
time, it has been the established policy of the denomina- 
tion to oppose the practice of settling ministers for life. 
Another cause, as already stated, has been the pecuniary 
condition of the church, which has seemed to render the 
removals necessary. 

There have been two exceptions to the prevailing prac- 
tice of the denomination regarding pastoral changes. Rev. 
Darius Fisher was licensed by the chin-ch, ordained as pas- 
tor, holding the position for sixteen years, or until his 
death, which took place in 1834. The other was Rev. J. 
S. Herrick, who was pastor for foiu-teen years. 

There is in connection with the church a Ladies' Benev- 
olent Society which has done much good work in the 
cause of humanity. 

The mendjcrship of the church was one hundred and 
fourteen in 1895. 

During the year 1892, extensive repairs were made to 
the church, and an addition built upon the east end for a 
vestry, affording commodious and pretty quarters for all 
church gatherings, \vhile the interior arrangement of the 
church was changed, the i)ulpit and choir being placed at 
the east or opposite end, and the body of the church fitted 
with new and modern pews. 

Deacon C. W. Brown was one of the prime factors in 


the church's progress, and it was largeh' throiioh his 
efforts that the improvements were carried out, and his 
was the first funeral to be held in the church lifter its 

The improvements and addition necessitated quite an 
outla3% hut the church was fortunate in having the debt 
liquidated soon after, and at the present time the\' are free 
from any indebtedness. 


A few of the citizens of the town holding" more li1)eral 
views upon religion than either of the religious societies, 
called a meeting at the town hall to consider the expe- 
diency of forming a new society. Isaac Aldrich, Jr., was 
chosen moderator, and Leonard Farrar, clerk, and those 
present voted to form a new society; and a connnittee 
chosen to prepare a constitution, consisting of Leonard 
Farrar, Charles Carpenter and Isaac Aldrich, Jr. At an 
adjourned meeting Sept. 25, 1858, this committee reported 
a constitution which was adopted, and the society 
assumed the name of "The First Liberal Union Society 
of Troy." 

At an adjourned meeting two days after, this society 
elected its ofiicers as follows, viz: Isaac Aldrich, Jr., presi- 
dent; Charles Carpenter, Francis Foster, Stephen B. Farrar, 
directors ; John Clement, secretary. 

The society never had a settled minister, but hired dif- 
ferent persons for limited jjcriods, the services being held 
in the town hall. 




According to a computation made by Capt. J. S. Adams 
of Fitzwilliam, for Dr. A. M. Caverly, Troy comprises an 
area of twelve miles, four hundred eighty-five acres and 
thirtv-five rods, and is bounded on the north by Marlbor- 
ough, on the east by Jaffrey, on the south by Fitzwilliam, 
and on the west by Swanzey and Richmond. The surface 
is very hilly and uneven ; the highest part is Gap moun- 
tain, situated in the easterly part, and separated from the 
Monadnock by a deep ravine. The surface, so broken, 
affords almost every variety of soil, \vith some extensive 
meadows, both in the easterly and westerly parts, wdiile 
in the central are some excellent interval lands. The south 
branch of the Ashuelot river passes through the center of 
the town. This rises from Rockwood pond in Fitzwilliam, 
flowing north, and in its course receives several tribu- 
taries, the first being the Keith brook, near the south line 
of the town; the second, the Jackson brook, which rises 
in Richmond, flows east and discharges its waters into 
the pond near the depot. The Ward brook, in the easterly 
part, drains the westerly slopes of the Monadnock and 
Gap mountains, and in its course towards the west, 
receives the Bowker brook, and turning north, enters the 
Branch just above the blanket mill dam. Brandt' brook 
— so-called from the color of its water — rises in the south- 
east part of Marlborough, and flowing southwest enters 


the Branch near the old WhitconilD and Forristall dam at 
the North End. Marlliorotigh brook, formed of two 
branches, one from Stone pond and the otlier from Meet- 
ing House pond in Marlborough, flows south and enters 
the Branch near the residence of Winthrop Knight. 

These streams have many small falls affording mill 
privileges, Avhich have been more or less improved. Thirty- 
five years ago the first mill on the Branch was tlie woolen 
manufactory of Nurse & Wheeler, now known as the old 
blanket mill; just below this was the bark mill of Col. 
Wright; still lower down was the shoddy mill of Thomas 
Goodall, now called the middle mill. The sawmill and 
rake manufactory of Charles Carpenter was situated just 
above the site of the old Root sawmill, and where now 
stands Troy blanket mill. 

Further down the stream was the sawmill of Capt. 
Sibley, now C. D. Farrar's, in a part of which Avas a chair 
manufactory under the superintendency of A. P. Perley. 
Still further north was the pail shop of E. Whitcomb and 
the sawmill of J. M. Forristall, both taking water from 
the same pond. The last mill on the Branch within the 
limits of the town was the clothespin manufactory of 
Jonas Bemis & Son ; this privilege is now owned by Arthur 
Edwards. On the Jackson brook were the saw and stave 
mill of D. J. Fife and the Blanding pail shop. On the Ward 
brook was the saw and grist mill of Col. James R. and 
Alvah Stanley, and near its confluence with the Branch, 
the pail shop of E. Buttrick. In the south part of the 
town, on the Bowker brook, was a gristmill owned by 
George Damon. 

Besides the mills already mentioned, there was a stave 
mill on a small branch of the Jackson brook owned by 
Charles Alexander, and a sawmill and pail handle manu- 
factorv on a small stream in the northwest part of the 


town, owned by C. N. Garfield, now owned by Webster 
Corey. There was also a clothespin manufactory on this 
latter stream near the boundar3^ line between Troy and 

Until within a few years the greatest natural curiosity 
was the falls in the Ward brook, about one-half mile from 
the village. Within a few rods the waters of this stream 
descended over the rocks from one hundred and fifty to 
two hundred feet, which in time of high water formed a 
foaming cataract which presented a spectacle truly sub- 
lime, and surrounded as it was Avith ^voods, attracted 
man^^ visitors. Near by is a granite quarry, formerly 
owned by Luther Whittemore, now the ^jroperty of the 
Troy Granite Co., who have recently diverted the course 
of the stream for the purpose of taking out the stone, thus 
destro^'ing the fall. This quarry contains a fine, beautiful 
granite, particularly well adapted for building purposes. 
Not much work was done here until within a few years, 
when large quantities of it have been quarried and 
carried away. 

The east part of the town was originally covered with 
a heavy growth of maple, hemlock and beech, while the 
intervals in the central part were covered \vith a heavy 
growth of elm, yellow and white pine, hemlock and birch. 
The high lands in the west part were covered with maple, 
red oak and beech, while the swamps and low grounds 
w^ere covered with alders, spruce, hemlock and brown 

In studying the history of any locality, and the changes 
^vhich have been gradtially taking place through a series 
of years, we naturally feel interested in every thing relat- 
ing to its primitive state. This territory was a solitary 
wilderness when the first settlers arrived, the haunt of 
various species of birds and ferocious wild beasts. Among 


the birds it is said that wild turkeys were abundant and 
Jhat large numbers of them were annually killed by the 
settlers. It is not surprising that the wild beasts, feeling 
a natural pride in their inherited possessions, should be 
jealous of their intruders, and if they did not make 
personal attacks, that they should institute a sort of 
guerilla warfare upon property, especially when it stood 
in the Avay of a craving appetite, for they had never 
learned to exercise self denial, except in the presence of a 
superior power. The most troublesome of these animals 
were the wolf, bear and catamoimt. Of the former of 
these the settlers stood in no particular fear, as it is well 
known that a wolf will seldom attack a man unless 
severely goaded with hunger. But the wolf's great love 
of mutton was frequently betraying him into acts of 
petty larceny upon the flocks which were grazing in the 
pastures. He was often exceedingly greedy in his plunder, 
not content with vsrhat might seem an ordinary meal, but 
appropriating to himself a large proportion of the flock ; 
and he carried his depredations to such an extent that the 
settlers commenced against him a warfare which has 
resulted in his total extermination. This warfare was 
sometimes carried on by regular organized companies, and 
whenever a neighbor's flock suffered, the citizens would 
turn out en masse and hunt down the common enemy. 
The usual method of conducting the wolf hunts was for 
the party to surround the woods in which the animal was 
supposed to have his home, and stationing a few experi- 
enced marksmen on one side, those upon the opi)osite side 
would march directly through, driving before them the 
object of their search, which on emerging from the woods 
was very likely to fall by a sentinel's shot. Sometimes 
after surrounding the woods, the hunters at a given signal 
marched directly towards the center, thus gradually closing 


Up, and the wolf being soon enclosed in a small circle, w^as 
easily killed. 

Three of these wolf hunts occurred within the recollec- 
tion of persons who related the facts to Dr. Caverly. 

The first was in 1795, \vhen it was known that several 
of these animals infested the woods which at that time 
covered the territory between "Cobb's road" and the 
Jacob Newell j)lace, now owned by Franklin Whitcomb. 
A large niunber of individuals from this and the adjoining 
towns assendDled Jind completely swept this forest, and 
they succeeded in driving from her retreat one old wolf, 
who on attempting to escape from her pursuers, was 
killed just as she was crossing Cobb's road, by Andrew 
Sherman, who had been stationed at that point. The 
signal was immediately given, and all assembled and 
marched to the Warren store, where they expended the 
boimty (twenty dollars), for licpior and refreshments, and 
so large was the number that each received only one glass 
of rum and two crackers. 

The second wolf hunt was in 1797. One night in the 
fidl of this year they killed ten sheep from the flock of 
Elijah Alexander, and a few nights after they killed twenty 
belonging to Levi Randall. Intelligence of this slaughter 
spread rapidly and a general wolf hunt was agreed upon. 
At this time it was known that these animals had 
retreated to the low ground west of Mr. Alexander's, 
since known as the "Clark swamp." At the appointed 
time about two hundred of the citizens assembled, and 
after a pretty thorough search they succeeded in starting 
up two wolves, one of which was killed and the other 
woimded. The remains of the \vounded wolf were found, 
a few months after, on the side of the hill near the resi- 
dence of Joseph Alexander, Jr., now Walter Elliott's. 
After a time the huntsmen reassembled, and with the wolf 


which had been killed, took up their line of march for the 
house of John Sweetland. In the meantime a messenger 
had been dispatched to Jonas Robinson with orders for 
him to meet them with an abundant sn])ply of crackers, 
rum and sugar. Robinson promptly obeyed the summons, 
and was soon on the way with a wagon load of the 
specified articles. When all had arrived at the ]jlace of 
rendezvous, a circle was formed and the toddy and 
crackers, to the value of the bounty, were passed round, 
and all present had a jolly good time. 

But the power of this enemy was not yet crushed, 
although it was greatly weakened. Sheep were continually 
Ijcing missed from the Hocks of the farmers, and in many 
instances the theft was traced to a sly old animal, known 
as the three-legged wolf. This was one that had been 
caught in a trap and had lost a part of one foot; and 
although repeated attem])ts had been made to kill her, 
she had always eluded the hunter and had established 
such a re])utation for shrewdness that to destroy her w^as 
thought to require the exercise of consummate skill. To 
this animal the attention of the sportsmen was earnestly 
directed ; she was carefully sought, both by day and by 
night, and whenever surprised, she was found to retreat 
to the swamp which had been the scene of the previous 
search. Her location having been determined, another and 
more thorough search was resolved upon by the inhabi- 
tants. At the time appointed, a large number assembled 
with guns and dogs and invested the sw^amp in which the 
animal was secreted, and having carefully guarded every 
point of escape, a searching party entered and commenced 
a thorough examination of every part. The old wolf, 
thinking that a certain class of animals were getting a 
little too neighborly, attempted to change her location, 
and in doing so received a charge from the gun of Jonathan 


Caproii, and fell. But she was only wounded, and, 
on an attempt being made to dispatch her by a blow 
with the end of a mtisket, she seized and severely shattered 
the stock, consequently she was killed by lodging in her 
head the contents of the barrel. The signal of victory was 
given as on former occasions, and the hunters reassembled, 
and with the trophy of their victory, marched to the 
village and partook of the usual refreshments of crackers 
and rum, which was served to them by Jonas Robinson, 
upon the common, where by the combined operation of 
the jubilant and ardent spirits, a comical scene was 
exhibited. The bounty having been exhausted, the com- 
pany dispersed, but whether all reached their homes that 
night or not, it would be impossible to tell. This was the 
last general wolf hunt of which any knowledge was 
obtained; other w^olves were occasionally killed, but 
usually by small parties and without much ceremon3\ 

Bears were less numerous than wolves, and much more 
dreaded b^' the inhabitants. This dread arose not so 
much from real danger, when the animal was treated with 
due respect, as from the fact that when wounded or 
insulted he was known to be a formidable foe. The bear, 
too, was exceedingly fond of mutton, and was very par- 
ticular in his selection, for a sheep of ordinary quality he 
w^ould never molest so long as there ^vas a better in the 
flock. His carnivorous propensities \vere not limited to 
sheep alone, l)ut were directed to a great variety of 
animals. Hence calves, swnne, and other domestic animals 
occasionally became the victims of his rapacity. In his 
predatory excursions he often exhibited a singular bold- 
ness, entering the barn\'ards, barns, and in some instances 
even the dwellings of the inhabitants. To destro3' this 
formidable beast reciuired the exercise of courage, caution, 
and the most effective weapons, for if wounded, merelj', 


the hunter's only safety was in maintainino^ a rcsiiectfiil 
distance. His great tenacit3^ of life and the danger 
attending a contest with him, were enongh to deter most 
men from engaging in it single-handed. Consequent! v he 
was seldom molested except by strong parties, well armed 
and prepared for almost any emergency. 

In many instances these animals w^ere taken in a tra]>, 
usualh' made of \vood, although steel traps were occa- 
sionally used. The wooden or log traps — as they were 
called — were constructed by driving stakes into the ground 
in a semi-circular form and in close proximity to each 
other, the whole forming a sort of a tent-like recess, with 
an opening for egress. At this opening were placed two 
small logs or poles, one on the ground, and the other 
directly over it, and so arranged that when elevated it 
would fall upon the lower one, and be held there by u])- 
right stakes on either side. When prepared for use, the 
upper pole was raised to a proper height and held there 
by a small brace, from which a spindle projected inward. 
To the end of this spindle was attached the bait, and the 
bear to obtain this, had to pass in betw^een the ])()lcs, and 
a small motion of the spindle displaced the brace and the 
elevated pole descended upon his body. This was a con- 
dition from which he had not power to extricate himself, 
and consequently was easily dispatched by the hunter. 

Manv anecdotes of these animals have come down to 
us from the early settlers, some showing their peculiar 
habits, others the terror inspired by their presence. 

One morning in the spring of 1777, Mrs. Daniel Law- 
rence left home with the intention of visiting Mrs. Thomas 
Tolman. At that time the only l)ridge, near the site of 
the present so-called Ward bridge, was a foot bridge made 
of logs. Just as Mrs, Lawrence stepped upon one end of 
this, a bear jumped upon the opposite end and was 


advancing to meet her. Mrs. Lawrence, on beholding the 
monster, turned and fled as for her Hie, directing her steps 
to the nearest house, Mr. Ward's. On reaching the house 
she was so exhausted thfit she fainted and fell. When she 
had so far recovered as to be able to give utterance, she 
explained the cause of her fright, upon \vhich several men, 
w^ell armed, went in pursuit of the bear, but never found 
him . 

Jacob Newell related a story which was remembered b}' 
the older inhabitants. One afternoon shortly after he set- 
tled here, he went into the woods in pursuit of game. 
Going be3^ond his intended limits he lost his way, became 
bewildered, and darkness coming on, he found it impossi- 
ble to reach home that night. Consequently, when he 
could no longer see to travel, he lay down under a large 
log for the night. But his rest was continually disturbed 
by the screeching of the oavI, and the hideous noise of the 
wolf and other wild beasts, the ver\' tramping of \vhose 
feet he could distinctly hear. As soon as daylight appeared 
he rose from his leafy couch, when, to his great terror, up 
rose a huge bear from the opposite side of the same log. 
The surprise was mutual and neither part}' seemed dis- 
posed to commence a quarrel, and after gazing upon each 
other awhile, the bear walked slowly awa}^, and towards 
noon that day, Mr. Newell, fortunately, reached his little 
clearing in safety. 

Bears sometimes made sad work in the cornfields, 
breaking down and devouring large quantities of the corn. 
In 1799, a large bear commenced his depredations in the 
cornfield of Dea. Silas Fife. The deacon thinking that the 
carcass of the bear might compensate him for the loss of 
his corn, made a log trap, and after baiting it so that it 
should appear as desirable as possible, he left the field, 
that bruin might not be disturbed in his operations. The 


next time the bear appeared in the field, thinking that he 
smelt sheep, and being somewhat anxious to change his 
diet, immediately hunted up the log trap. But his meal 
^vas only in anticipation, for he had but just reached it, 
when down came the log upon him, and the Fife family 
soon had a feast of his flesh. 

On one occasion, Dea. Timothy Godding and Benjamin 
Tolman were at work together clearing a piece of land. 
In the morning, before going out to work they put their 
meat and beans into a kettle, which, by the way, had no 
bail ; but this was readily supplied by a withe, and by this 
the whole \vas suspended upon a stick over a small fire in 
a stone fireplace, and it was supposed that the pork and 
beans would be nicely cooked for their dinner. But on 
their return at noon, to their great surprise they could 
find neither the kettle nor its contents. On a careful 
examination, the tracks of a bear were found in and about 
their little cabin. So it was evident that he was attracted 
there by the smell of the meat, and being somewhat hun- 
gry, he put his head into the kettle to obtain it, and burn- 
ing ,his nose, attempted to dodge backwards, and the 
wooden bail caught upon his neck and he deliberateh^ 
walked away with the kettle, pork and beans. Sometime 
after this, the kettle was found in a swamp, where bruin 
had probably left it to cool. 

One afternoon shortly after Thomas Tolman settled 
here, Mrs. Tolman sent a young lad who was hving in 
the family, a few rods only from the house, to get a pail 
of w^ater. He had been absent but a few moments, when 
hearing a scream, Mrs. Tolman ste]iped to the door to 
learn the cause, and to her amazement she saw a bear 
rapidly approaching the boy. In an instant she seized the 
broom, the only weapon at hand, and rushed to his assist- 
ance. The bear, not fancying so formidable a weapon, 


turned and fled into the woods, and thus the bo^- was 
fortunately saved. 

In the fall of the year 1773, the cornfield of Daniel 
Goodenough (who was at that time a neighbor of Dea. 
Fife), was savagely ravaged In- bears. Being somewhat 
provoked at the loss of his corn, Mr. Goodenough deter- 
mined on the bear's destruction. He Avas an experienced 
hunter, but would never use a trap, so one moonlight 
night he put on his overcoat, took his gun, and went into 
the woods to watch for his game. He walked cautiously 
about for awhile, when feeling chilly he crept under a large 
log, and lay down to listen. Pretty soon he heard a 
little noise near, and thinking he would ascertain the 
cause, he ver\' carefulh' raised his head to look over the 
log. Just at that moment a bear placed both fore paws 
upon the opposite side of the log, and was peeping over 
to see what was behind it. Otiick as thought, on seeing 
the monster's head, Goodenough aimed his gun and fired. 
No sooner had he discharged his gun, than, knowing the 
peril of encountering a wounded bear, he jumped upon his 
feet and fled for home. Not daring to venture back that 
night to learn the result of his shot, he waited luitil 
morning, and then in company with some of his neighbors 
he returned to the scene of his evening's operations, and 
at a little distance from the log found the lifeless body of 
the bear. 

But probably one of the most remarkable encounters 
with a bear, especially when we take into consideration 
the almost miraculous escape of the individual concerned, 
took place a few years later. One of the early settlers in 
the town ^vent to a neighbor's house about a mile distant 
to get some potatoes. On his return early in the evening, 
with his bag of potatoes on his shoulder, he saw in the 
path just before him what he took to be an enormous 


bear, just in the attitude of making upon him a fatal 
spring. Instantly his hair stood erect, and he trembled in 
every joint. He was unarmed, and what to do he knew 
not. Flight seemed the only alternative, but this was 
impossible for the animal was close upon him, and even at 
the very thoughts of flight, he seemed almost to feel his 
relentless fangs in his back. Considering his days num- 
bered, he paused a moment, and then resolved to die man- 
fully, and, like the brave Spartans at Thermopyle, sell his 
life as dearly as possible. So dropping his potatoes, he 
seized a large lever which, fortunately, was at hand, and 
raising it, advanced with trembling steps towards his 
deadly foe. He moved a step, then paused — took another 
step, paused again — the poor man saw clearly his doom 
in the monster's teeth and in the fire of his eye. It was 
an awful condition, death seemed inevitable. But he re- 
solved that the savage beast should feel the weight of his 
U])lifted club, so straining every muscle, he brought it with 
herculean power upon the head of his unflinching foe. His 
weapon dropped from his hand, and he stood a pale, 
trembling, helpless victim, completely in the power of his 
mighty antagonist! But be not alarmed, for the man 
escaped, his antagonist was only a stump. 

The catamount was the most ferocious of all the wild 
beasts of Ne\v Hampshire. His great size, strength and 
agility of movement, together with his formidable weai)ons, 
rendered him the terror both of man and beast ; and when 
provoked, no animal could stand before him. Fortunately 
Ijut a few such monsters have ever existed in this vicinity, 
and it is not now known that more than three or four 
have ever been seen within the limits of the town. 

One of the most remarkable of this class of animals 
was once killed by Dea. Fife, near his house. Soon after 
settling here, his father came to make him a visit, and as 


the custom was in those days, he brought his axe to 
assist his son in clearing the forest. One day as they 
were chopping a Httle west of the pond, which was near 
by, the\' discovered a deer that had just been killed by 
some unknown monster of the wilderness. Being some- 
what alarmed, they immediately decided to take measures 
to rid the forest of so dangerous a visitor. Without delay, 
young Fife took his father's horse and went to Rindge and 
procured of Dea. Lovejoy of that town, a large steel trap. 
As the sun was setting, with trap, gun and axe in hand, 
the father and son sought the carcass of the deer. During 
their absence, much to their surprise, it had been drawn 
several rods and finally taken up and carried away, so 
that they could track it no farther. But finding the heart 
and liver, they felled a tree, from which they cut a log and 
hitched the same to the trap, which they placed in a posi- 
tion to take the fatal grip whenever the animal should 
return to obtain the fragments of his slaughtered victim. 
The next morning the deacon took his musket and in com- 
pany with his father, \vas soon on the ground, and to 
their astonishment, the trap, log and all were gone. With 
much caution they followed the track of the log in the 
direction to\vards the pond, near which they ])erceived the 
animal with his appendages permanenth' entangled among 
the rocks. When they had arrived within a few rods, the 
monster reared on his hind legs, and as he took a survey 
of his enemy, gnashed his teeth and seemed to bid defiance 
to them. But as j^oung Fife raised his gun to his eye, his 
father pleaded with him not to fire, fearing that the cata- 
mount would kill them both. But crack went the inusket, 
and at first seeiued to make no impression upon him, so 
the gun \vas quickly reloaded and brought to the eye a 
second time, but seeing his fury abating and that he Avas 
treiubling, he waited a moment and the animal fell. On 


approaching him it was found that he was dead, the ball 
having pierced his heart. The animal was a very large 
one, and measured thirteen feet and four inches from his 
nose to the end of his tail. The skin was stuffed and after- 
wards sold to the proprietors of the Boston Museum for 
forty-five dollars. 




The first interments within the limits of this towm 
were made in gronnd held as private property. We have 
no means of knowing when the first death in town 
occurred, but it was probably about the year 1772, when 
a child of Jonathan Shaw died, and was buried near the 
paternal residence. In a few years other persons in the 
neighborhood died and were interred in the same ground, 
for when a small lot had been set apart by a family for 
burial purposes, other neighboring families often deposited 
there their dead, so that this became the burying ground 
for the use of that part of the town at that early period, 
although it was never really public property. The last 
interment there was more than one hundred years ago 
and the soil has repeatedly changed owners. The ruthless 
ravages of time and the cultivation of the soil, long since 
destroyed the mounds and it would be impossible to find 
a vestige of them. Thus the last resting place of past 
generations become lost, for it was not then customar3' 
to mark the places by the erection of monuments or even 
slabs of stone to perpetuate the memory of departed 

In 1797, another burying ground of family origin was 
commenced in the extreme westerly part of the town, 
which was near the road and some little distance west of 
the present residence of Leonard H. Merrifield. A child of 



William Starkey died that 3^ear, and this location was 
selected for the bin-ial. This land, although owned b}' 
Mr. Starkey, was used as a common gromid, and for 
several years was the receptacle for most of the dead in 
that vicinity, some dozen or fifteen persons being interred 
there. This lot was originally enclosed by a stone wall, 
except at the entrance, but the wall is now nearly gone 
and it is covered with trees, so that it is very difficult to 
find traces of the graves. 

The last interment in this place was made beyond the 
recollection of any person now living, but Mrs. Samantha 
Whitcomb, who was born and reared in that neighbor- 
hood, has given the names of those buried there with the 
location of their graves, which is no doubt substantially 
correct, as indicated in the following diagram : 

Mrs. Gove and 

Daughter of Tyler Tenney. 

three children. 

Mr. Tenney. 

Child of Baxter. 

Melachi Tarpey and child. 

Peter Starkey, v^'ife, 
Malone Starkey, and 
davighter Malone. 

Mr. Davenport, 


William Starkey and wife; 

mother and th 


his son and wife 

stnall children. 

and one daughter. 

The first public burying ground was a donation to the 
town of Marlborough, in 1785, by William Barker, the 
first settler. He formerly owned considerable land near 
what is now Troy village, and in his disposition of the 
same, he reserved about one acre, which he deeded to the 
town for a burving ground, and which constitutes the 


larger part of what is now known as the old cemetery. 
This lot was fenced, and soon after, several interments 
were made, the first being Mrs. Sally Kendall. IMrs. 
Kendall was the eldest davighter of Jacob Newell, and 
married Nathan Kendall, who died at her father's house 
soon after her marriage. No monument was ever erected 
to her memory, and the exact date of her death cannot be 
given, but is supposed to have been sometime in the fall 
of 1785. Two children of William Barker were probably 
the next to be interred there, the first being Olive, Avho 
died Jan. 7, 1786; the second, Luke, who died March 5, 
the same year. Nancy, another daughter of Jacob Newell, 
was also buried there about this time. Many of the 
earlier graves are destitute of stones, so that we have no 
clue to the names of the persons whose remains they 
contain. The yard contains the remains of some member 
or members of nearly all the families who have lived in 
the central part of the town. 

For many years this Avas enclosed by only a temporary 
fence, but in 1839 the town voted to enlarge the yard by 
the addition of about three-fourths of an acre at the \vest 
end, which was then enclosed with an ordinary stone wall. 

The cemetery was further enlarged in 1863, when the 
town purchased an additional lot of land of Jacob Bo^xe 
and the Wheeler heirs. In a few years this became too 
small for the requirements of the town, and it became 
necessary that a new burying ground should be secured. 

The matter was brought before the town at the annual 
meeting in 1873, but no definite action was taken until 
the next year. Several localities were mentioned, and 
Lemuel W. Brown offered to give the town a lot of land, 
which was situated on the west side of the highway, and 
now owned by Fred E. Whitcomb. This was not consid- 
ered a suitable place and the ofter was not accepted by 


the town. At a special meeting held April 30, 1874, Wil- 
liam G. Silsby, William J. Boyden and George H. Aldrich 
were chosen a committee to procure a piece of land for a 
cemetery. They purchased six acres of David W. Farrar, 
being part of the Ward place, so-called, five himdred dol- 
lars being paid for the same. A like sum was appropri- 
ated for fencing it and laying out into lots, which was 
expended imder the direction of W. G. Silsby, W. N. Wat- 
son and W. J. Boyden. The larger part of this land faces 
the east and the grand old Monadnock mountain, and 
therefore received the name of Mountain View Cemetery. 

The following 3'ear, a receiving tomb was built at an 
expense of three hundred dollars. 

The following table giving the name, time of decease, 
and age of all persons whose remains were interred in the 
old cemetery, so far as could be ascertained, was compiled 
by Mr. George E. Aldrich, for Dr. Caverly, and is given 
here entire as published in his "History of Troy." 

Name. Family Connection. Time of Decease. Age. 

Alexander, Ellinor, dau. of Easman and Lucy. 1838. Feb. 21. 28 

Alexander, Hannah. 1S32. Dec. 20 

Alexander, Annis. tS34. Mar. 12 

Alexander, Elizabeth. 1836. Mar. 18 

Alexander, Elijah, son (if Joseph and Lucretia. 1832. Mar. 20 

Alexander, Elijah, Jr., son of Joseph and Lucretia. 1826. Sept. 29 

Alexander, Louisa, dau. of Jcxseph and Lucretia. 1826. Oct. 13 

Aldrich, Ohve, wife of Capt. David. 1840. June 17 

Aldrich, Abigail A., dau. of Isaac and Abigail. 1839. Mar. 25 

Aldrich, Julius C, son of Isaac and Aljigail. 1855. July 22 

Aldrich, Abba M., dau. of Isaac, Jr. 184-4. Jan. 26 

Aldrich, Abigail A., wife of Isaac. 1858. Aug. 21 

Amadou, Josiah. 1847. July 6 

Amadou, Lydia, wife of Josiah. 1827. Jan. 15 

Barker, William. 1798. Oct. 5 

Barker, William, Jr., son of William and Jane. 1790. Ai)r. 12 

Barker, Ruth, dau. of William and Jane. 1790. Apr. 7 










9 m. 









Barker, Luke, 
Barker, Olive, 
Ball, Daniel. 
Ball, Lydia, 
Ballou, Moses. 
Ballou, Welcome. 
Bemis, Ednimid. 
Bemis, Susannah, 
Bemis, Luther. 
Bemis, Sarah, 
Bemis, Elijah. 
Bemis, Martin L., 
Bent, Sarah, 
Bishop, William. 
Bishop, Betsey, 
Bishop, George. 
Bellows, .\nn E., 
Bellows, Alfred \., 
Bellows, Frederick A., 
Blanchard, Melissa, 
Blanding, Harvey. 
Bolster, Betsey, 
Boyden, Sarah A., 
BoA'nton, Clementine, 
Bruce, Sarah, 
Bruce, Helen ^L, 
Bruce, Byron C, 
Bruce, Sarah A., 
Bruce, Mary M., 
Buttrick, Daniel. 
Buttrick, Warren W., 
Bush, Moses. 
Butler, Joseph. 
Butler, Viola, 
Butler, Jason, 
Carpenter, Charles W., 
Carpenter, Maria L., 
Capron, James P., 
Clark, Jonathan. 

Family Connection, 
son of William and Jane, 
dau. of William and Jane. 

wife of Daniel. 

wife of Edmund. 

wife of Luther. 

son of George F. 
wife of Levi. 

wife of William. 

dau. of John and Melissa, 
son of John and Melissa, 
son of John and Melissa, 
wife of Hosea. 

wife of Aaron. 

dau. of Ira and Thirza. 

dau. of David and Bethia. 

wife of Cyrus. 

dau. of Cyrus and Sarah. 

son of Cyrus and Sarah. 

dau. of C3'rus and Sarah. 

dau. of Eli and Sarah. 

son of Edwin and Lucv. 

dau. of Aaron and Fanny, 
son of Jabez and Betsey, 
son of Charles and Elvira, 
dau. of Charles and Elvira. 
son of James and Saphronia. 


of Decease. 












































































7 m. 



















































































Clark, Martha, 
Clark, Hannah V., 
Clark, Jonathan, Esq. 
Clark, Lotiisa. 
Clark, Lyman, 
Coolidge, Abraham. 
CooHdge, Sarah, 
Coolidge, Asher. 
Coolidge, William, 
Coolidge, Clarissa, 
Coolidge, Sarah, 
Coolidge, Ramazo, 
Coolidge, Edwin, 
Coolidge, Sarah, 
Coolidge, Sarah P., 
Crosbj', Emily, 
Crosby, Louisa, 
Cummings, Sarah. 
Cutting, Daniel, Esq. 
Cutting, Sarah, 
Cutting, Albert, 
Cutting, Sarah, 
Davis, Harriet, 
Dodge, Josiah. 
Fairbanks, Abigail, 
Fairbanks, Chas. Henry, 
Fairbanks, Nancy, 
Fairbanks, Silas. 
Farrar, Lucena, 
Farrar, Naomi E., 
Farrar, George E., 
Farrar, Nancy, 
Farrar, Harriet N. 
Farrar, Naomi, 
Farrar, George. 
Farrar, Bethia, 
Farrar, Capt. Daniel. 
Farrar, Luc\', 
Farrar, Daniel, 

Family Connection, 
dau. Jonathan and Hannah, 
dau. lonathanand Hannah. 

son of Thomas and Rowena. 

wife of Abraham. 

son of Asher. 

wife of Orlando. 

dau. of Orlando and Clarissa 

son of Barak and Nancj'. 

son of Barak and Nancy. 

wife of Elbridge. 

dau. of Charles and Sarah. 

dau. of Alpheus and Mary. 

dau. of Alpheus and Mary. 

wife of Daniel, 
son of Daniel and Sarah, 
dau. of Daniel and Sarah, 
dau. of Charles and Mary. 

wife of (jeorge. 

son of George and Abigail. 

wife of George. 

dau. of Daniel and Lucena. 
dau. of George and Naomi, 
son of George and Naomi, 
dau. of George and Naomi, 
dau. of George and Naomi, 
wife of George. 

wife of George. 

wife of Daniel, 
son of Maj. John. 


of Decease. 
Apr. 15. 
June 19. 
Aug. 20. 
Dec. 2. 
Dec. 4. 
July 26. 
Oct. 18. 
Nov. 15. 
May 11. 
Mar. 18. 
Mar. 28. 
May 2. 
Mar. 20. 
Feb. 7. 
vSept. 5. 
Nov. 17. 
Oct. 22. 
Jan. 16. 
Nov. 15. 
Apr. 30. 
Oct. 30. 
Sept. 29. 
Jan. 8. 
Mar. 20. 
Aug. 27. 
'Nov. 29. 
July 29. 
Oct. 24. 
Dec. 12. 
Mar. 3. 
Mar. 10. 
Mar. 8. 
June 1. 
vSei)t. 2. 
Nov. 1. 
Mar. 26. 
Nov. 18. 
Aug. 20. 
Sept. 5. 













4 m. 














Farrar, Col. William. 
Farrar, Irena. 
Farrar, John. 
Farrar, Charles. 
Farrar, Stephen B., 
Farrar, Delila, 
Farrar, Stephen. 
Farrar, Sarah, 
Farrar, Betsey G., 
Farrar, Hannah Maria, 
Fassett, Joseph. 
Fassett, J<5hn P., 
Fisher, Susannah, 
Fisher, Ira. 
Fisher, Sally, 
Fisher, Rev. Darius. 
Fish, Benjamin. 
Fife, Mary J., 
Folh', Bartholomew, 
Forbs, Benjamin. 
Forristall, Joseph. 
Forristall, Hannah, 
Forristall, Belinda, 
Forristall, Kesiah, 
Forristall, Alexander, 
Forristall, Thomas J., 
Forristall, Sarah J., 
French, George, 
Frost, Abby Ann, 
Frost, Per ley. 
Foskett, Corbett A. 
Fuller, Capt. Isaac. 
Fuller, Patty. 
Fuller, Anna, 
Fuller, William, 
Fuller, Isaac. 
Fuller, Hannah, 
Garfield, Angeline, 
Garfield, Luca', 

Family Connection. 

son of Stephen, 
wife of Stephen. 

dan. of Daniel W. 
wife of Daniel W. 
dau. of David W. 

son of John W. 
wife of Darius. 

wife of Ira. 

wife of Timothy. 

son of John and MarA'. 

wife of Joseph. 

dau. of Joseph and Hannah. 

dau. of Joseph and Hannah. 

son of Joseph and Hannah. 

son of Joseph and Htmnah. 

dau. of Joseph M. 

son of Jonathan and Betse\'. 

dau. of David and Abl)v. 

wife of Amasa. 

son Isaac and Temperance. 

wife of Amasa. 
wife of (ieorge. 
wife of Enoch. 


of Decease. 
















































8 m. 













































































































(rarfield, Amos, 
Garfield, Sarah H., 
Gilmore, Leonard. 
Goddard, Solomon. 
Goddard, Edwin, 
Godding, Ira. 
Godding, Eliza, 
Godding, Loney, 
Godding, Philinda, 
Griffin, Hannah. 
Hager, Edward. 
Hager, Lncy E., 
Hayward, Irena, 
Harris, William P., 
Harris, William. 
Harris, Patty, 
Hawkins, Sylvia, 
Harrington, Joshua, Esq 
Harrington, Elizaljeth, 
Harrington, Mar^-, 
Harrington, Prudence, 
Harrington, Frances E., 
Hjirrington, Arbee Read, 
Harrington, Edward, 
Harrington, Charles B., 
Haskell, Eliza Ann, 
Haskell, Henry, 
Haskell, Mary Ann, 
Haskell, Simon, 
Haskell, Martha Ann, 
Haskell, Henr_v George, 
Haydcn, Moses. 
Hodgkins, Hezekiah. 
Hodgkins, Lydia, 
Hodgkins, Lydia, 
Hodgkins, Aaron. 
Hodgkins, Rhoda, 
Hodgkins, Christopher, 
Holbrook, Diana, 

Family Connection, 
son of linoch and Lncy. 
dan. of Enoch and Lucy. 

son of Solomon and Sarah. 

wife of Ira. 

dan. of Timothy and Ruth. 

dau. of Timothy and Ruth. 

dau. of Edward and Mary. 

wife of Thomas P. 

son of William and Stirah. 

wife of William, 
wife of Earned. 

wife of Joshua. 

dau. Joshua and Elizabeth. 

wife of Elijah. 

dan. of Elijfih. 

dau. of Elijah. 

son of A. B. and Betsey. 

son of A. B. aufl Betsey- . 

dau. of Abner and Laura. 

son of Abner and Laura. 

dau. of Joseph and Ruth. 

son of Josei)h and Ruth. 

dau. of Henry and Martha. 

son of Henrv and Martha. 

wife of Hezekiah, 

dau. Pelctiahand Mehitablc. 

wife of Aaron. 

son of Aaron and Rhoda. 

w'ife of Elkanah. 

Time ( 

)t" Dece 


















































































































(i m. 








1 m. 



































Hutchins, Georjre W., 
Ingalls, Eliza, 
Iiigalls, George W., 
Jenkins, Helen Maria, 
Kendall, George. 
Kendall, Timothy. 
Kendall, Capt. Tiniothj'. 
Kendall, Charles, 
Kendall, Caroline, 
Kendall, Lyman. 
Kendall, Parkman. 
Knights, Frances Estella, 
Lawrence, Irena, 
Lawrence, Daniel. 
Lawrence, Elizabeth, 
Lawrence, William, 
Lawrence, Joseph. 
La^vrence, Patty, 
Lawrence,- Jonathan, Jr. 
Lawrence, Alfred. 
Lampson, Sarah, 
Lyman, Chester. 
Lyman, Lncy, 
L\-man, Leonard, 
Lyman, Harriet, 
Mann, Edwin, 
Marshall, William. 
Marshall, Anna, 
Marshall, William, Jr. 
Marshall, Daniel. 
Merrifield, Susannah B., 
Merrifield, Francis, 
Newell, Hepzibeth, 
Newell, Nathan. 
Newell, Rachel. 
Newell, Veranns. 
Newell, Renbcn. 
Newman, Joseph S. 
Nurse, Ebenezer. 

Family Connection, 
son of William and Lydia. 
wife of Ransom, 
son of Ransom and Eliza, 
wife of Rev. Abraham. 

son of Timoth\- and Anna. 
dau.of Timothy and Anna. 

dau. of Winthro]5 and L^'diti. 
wife of John. 

wife of Daniel. 

son of William and Patt\-. 

wife of William. 

wife of Jonathan. 

wife of Chester. 

son of Chester and Lnc3'. 

dau. of T. L. 

son of Elias. 

wife of William. 

wife <jf Simeon B. 
son of S. B. and Sustmnah. 
wife of Jacob. 

Time o 

if Dece; 































































































































































Nurse, Priscilla, 
Nurse, Maria. 
Nurse, Mary J., 
Nurse, Edward G., 
Nurse, Charles, 
Osboru, Jacol). 
Osborn, Siljel. 
Parker, Nathaniel. 
Parker, Eliza, 
Parker, Minerva, 
Partridge, Edward. 
Partridge, Edith, 
Perry, Caleb. 
Piper, William J., 
Putne\', Susan M., 
Rice, Lucy, 
Rice, Fanny, 
Rich, Rachel Crane, 
Saunders, David. 
Saunders, Polly, 
Sibley, Amos, 
Sibley, Amos Whiton, 
Spaulding, Mahala, 
Spaulding, Betsey E., 
Starkev^ Luther, 
Stark c}', Betsev, 
Starkey, Luna, 
Starkey, Viana, 
Starkey, Sarah D., 
Starkey, L. Diana, 
Starkey, Maria, 
Starkey, Ann M., 
Starkey, Caleb L., 
Starke^', Stephen. 
Stanley, Benjamin B., 
Stearns, Sarah Ann, 
Stearns, Jemime, 
Stowell, Dea. Isaac. 
Stowell, Betsev, 

Family Connection. 

Time of Decease. 


wife of Ebenezer. 









dan. of Joseph and Nancy. 





son of Joseph and Nanc\'. 





son of Joseph and Nancy. 

















wife of Nathaniel. 





dan. of Nathaniel and Eliza. 









wife of Edward. 









son of Rev. A. M. 




6 m. 

dau. of Joseph and Mary. 





wife of Cutler. 



dau. of Cutler and Mary. 




2 m. 

wife of Rev. Ezekiel. 









wife of David. 





son of Amos. 





son of Amos. 





wife of Erastus. 





wife of Eri J. 





son of Peter and Mary. 





wife of Enoch. 





son of Luna and Hannah. 





dau. of Luna and Hannah, 

. 1849. 




dau. of Daniel and Sarrdi. 





dau. of Daniel and Sarah. 



. 7. 

1 7m. 

dau. of Bailey and Betsey. 





dau. of Alanson and Mary. 




4 m. 

son of Stephen and Polly. 









son of B. M. and .Vbigail. 





dau. of Amos. 





wife of Jonathan. 





wife of Isaac. 






Stowell, Loviiia, 
Stowell, Harve\' L., 
Stevens, Eliza W., 
Stickney, Abiel. 
Tolnian, Beiijainin. 
Tolniaii, Hepzibeth, 
Tolman, Edward. 
Tolman, Heiir^'. 
Tolman, Sarah A.. 
Tolman, James T., 
Tenney, Alelinda, 
Wether! lee, Maria. 
Wetherbee, Edmund H., 
Ward, David, 
Whitcomb, Elzina, 
Whitcomb, Charles, 
Whitcomb, Luther, 
Whitcomb, Lucy Ann, 
Whitcomb, Abigail. 
Wheeler, Mary, 
Wheeler, Louisa A., 
Wheeler, Stephen, Jr. 
Wheeler, Aaron V., 
Wheeler, Nathan. 
Wheeler, Clarissa. 
Wheeler, Timothy. 
Wheeler, David B., 
Wilbur, Catherine. 
Wilbur, Jonathan. 
White, David. 
White, Esther, 
White, David, 
Whittemore, Levi. 
Whittemore, Mary, 
Whittemore, Salmon. 
Whittemore, Sarah, 
Whittemore, Mary W., 
Whittemore, Elijah, 
Whittemore, Salmon, 

Family Connection, 
wife of Isaac, 
son of Isaac, 
wife of Rev. .\lfred. 

wife of Benjamin. 

dan. of Henry and Mar^-. 
son of Henry and Mary, 
wife of Moses, 
dau. of Daniel and Luc\\ 
son of Calvin and Clarissa, 
son of Xahum and Mary, 
dau. of William and Clarissa, 
son of William and Clarissa, 
son of William and Clarissa, 
wife of Luther. 

wife of Hezekiah. 
wife of Ephraim. 

son of Aaron. 

son Timothv and Ruhannah. 

wife of David. 

son of David and Esther. 

wife of Levi. 

son of Salmon and Lj'dia. 
dau. of Salmon and L\'dia. 
son of Salmon and Lydia. 
son of Salmon and Lvdia. 


of Decease. 




















. 9. 












. 6. 





















7 m. 







































3 m. 





































































Whittemore, Lucy yVnn, 
Wliitne_v, Edward G., 
Whitney', Sarah A., 
Wilder, David. 
Wilder, Lucy, 
Wilder, Stephen W., 
Winch, Nathan, 
Winch, Polly, 
Winch, Asenath, 
Winch, Adeline C, 
Winch, Franklin B., 
Winch, George B., 
Wise, LA'dia, 
Wright, Joel. 
Wright, Tabitha, 
Wright, Kesiah, 
Wright, Thomas, 
Wright. Sallv, 

Family Connection, 
son of Salmon and L^'dia. 
wife of Levi, 
son of S. G. and A. N. 
dan. of S. (t. and A. N. 

wife of David. 

son of David and Liica'. 

wife of Nathan. 

wife of Nathan. 

dan. Nfithan J. and Abigail. 

son of Nath. J. and Abigail. 

son of Nath. J. and Abigail. 

dan. of i\sahcl and Hannah. 

wife of Joel. 

wife of Joel. 

son of Almon and Salh'. 

wife of Almon. 

Time of 




























3 m. 







































, 9. 














At a town meetino^ in 1815, it was voted that a chair 
and table should be furnished by the selectmen at the 
expense of the town for use in the meetiniy house, this 
action being inade necessary froin the town having to 
hold the town meetings in this house. 

Three hundred dollars were voted to be raised in 1816 
for the repair of highways and bridges, which should be 
paid in labor at the rate of eight cents per hour for a 
man or yoke of oxen. 

A committee was chosen to report by-laws for prevent- 
ing horses, mules, neat cattle and swine from running at 
large, and the following were adopted : 

That the owners, or those having the care of any horse, horses or 
horse kind, or any mules, who shall allow them to run at large on an^' 
highway or ])nblic ])lnce within the town of Troy, from and after tlie 
first day of April next, to the last day of October next, shall forfeit and 
pay the sum of one dollar for each and everj' horse, or horse kind, or 
mnle so found running at large, excepting colts imder the age of six months. 

That the owners or those having the care of any neat cattle who 
shall allow them to go at large as aforesaid, within the al)ove specified 


time, shtill forfeit and pay the sum of fifty centvS for each and every 
creature so found going at large as aforesaid. That tlie owner or per- 
son or persons having the cai'e of any swine, who shall allow them to 
go at large, without being yoked and ringeil according to the regula- 
tions of the laws of this State, shall forfeit and pay the sum of twenty- 
five cents for each and eveiy swine so found going at large; and each 
of the above penalties to be recovered by action of ileljt before any 
justice of the peace, to and for the use of the person who shall sue for 
the same with cost of suit. 

Signed by Sylvester P. Flint, ] 

Caleb Perky, j Committee. 

\ViLLL\M Barn.\rd, ) 

The Province of New Hampshire was divided into five 
counties in 1771, Cheshire being one and receiving its 
name from a covinty of the same name in England, and 
included the territory now in Sullivan county. Charles- 
town and Keene Yvere made the shire tOYvns. As the 
poptilation increased and business interests became more 
diversified, this arrangement w^as not a satisfactory one, 
and the question of the division of the county was dis- 
cussed and brought U]) for action for se\^eral years. In 
1819, the toYvn Y^oted forty-four in favor and four against ; 
the next year the decision Yvas reversed, the Y^ote being 
two for and sixty-eight against division. The question 
was finally settled, the northern half taking the name of 
Sullivan and being incorporated July 5, 1827, the vote of 
Troy at the annual meeting that year being thirty-three 
for and twenty-five against. 

A large map of the State Yvas published in 1815, by 
Phillip Carrigain, under the patronage of the Legislature. 
At that time no map of any state had been published 
comparable Yvith it in simplicity of arrangement and taste 
of execution. The government furnished each toYvn with 
a copy, and in 1817 the toYvn voted that this ma]) should 
be deposited Yvith the clerk for keeping. 


Before 1819, the law required that each citizen should 
pay his proportion to\vard the support of the settled min- 
ister of the town or parish in which he resided, unless he 
produced a certificate from some societ}' of another denomi- 
nation, stating that he attended their worship, and con- 
tributed to the support of their religious order. But in 
1818, the town voted "that the selectmen tax the inhabi- 
tants of the Congregational Society only for Mr. Rich's 
salary," meaning that those inhabitants only who be- 
longed to the societ}" should be taxed for the minister's 
support. This action was probably taken on account of 
the opposition of some of the people to Mr. Rich, who did 
not wish to be taxed for his support. The following year, 
the Legislature passed an act, in the face of ])owerful 
opposition, known as the " Tolertition Law," which pro- 
vided that no person should be compelled to join or sup- 
port any congregation, church or religious society, without 
his express consent ; and that any person choosing to 
separate himself from auA- society, should, on leaving a 
w^ritten notice with the clerk, be exempted from any future 
expenses that might be incurred by the society. Whether 
from the operation of this law or from local cavises, the 
town in 1821, voted "that one-half of all the minister's 
tax assessed last year, be abated." 

At this time there w^as no means of heating the meeting 
house during the cold weather; what warmth there was 
being obtained from small foot stoves filled with coals, 
and no other means had been provided, or action taken 
for warming the meeting house imtil 1830, when it was 
"voted, that a stove might be placed in it, if individuals 
should see fit to ]mt one in at their OAvn expense." 

In 1835, the town voted "that ever^' society in town 
have the use of the meeting house belonging to the town, 
for religious meetings on Sabbath da3^s, according to their 


valuation in making taxes. That the division be made by 
the selectmen, and that no society have the right to shut 
the house against others unless to occupy it for religious 

It was found necessary to rebuild the bridge near the 
Harrington mill this year, and at a special meeting on the 
ISth of June, Joseph M. Forristall, Daniel W. Farrar and 
Lyman Wright were chosen a committee to superintend 
the building of the same. This committee caused an arched 
stone bridge to be built ; and at a meeting the following 
January, the town "voted to accept of the doing of the 
committee in building a stone bridge; " also voted to raise 
$4-50 by s])ecial tax to defray town charges. 

In 1833, it was voted "that the visiting of schools by 
the Superintending Committee be dispensed with this year," 
and in 1842, it was further voted "to adopt the law ex- 
cusing Superintending School Committees from examining 
the primary schools." 

In 1836, the United States government had a surplus 
of thirty-six millions of dollars lying in the treasur\% which 
had accumulated from the sale of ])ublic lands, and the 
amoimt was increasing, as at that time the public debt 
had all been paid. Congress voted to distribute this 
among the different states, New Hampshire receiving over 
eight hundred thousand dollars, which the Legislature 
voted to divide among the towns according to population. 
The amount received by Troy cannot be given. The ques- 
tion of its disposition seems to have been an important 
one as it was brought before the annual meeting for two 
or three years. David W. Farrar and Daniel Cutting were 
the agents chosen to receive the money, which they were 
to loan to individuals in small sums, but finally the select- 
men were authorized to ai)pro])ri£itc the money for town 
purposes, under an act of the Legislature, passed in 1838. 


The question of temperance reform received considera- 
tion by the citizens of the town in 1838, the following 
article appearing in the w^arrant for the annual meeting 
that year: "Is it expedient that a law be enacted by the 
General Court, prohibiting the sale of wine, or other 
spirituous liquors, except for chemical, medicinal, or me- 
chanical purposes." The vote stood fifty-five in favor and 
twenty-one against. 

For several years large numbers of men and women 
had been ardently engaged in the prosecution of this 
reform, and while great and gratifying success had been 
gained, it was considered incomplete, and the question of 
more stringent law'S, jirohibiting its sale, was being 
agitated, and an effort made to have the Legislature pass 
such an act. Four years later the question again received 
consideration upon the article, "Is it expedient that a law 
be enacted for the suppression of tippling shops," fifty 
voting for and thirt\'-six against. 

In 1839, it was voted that the road tax should be 
paid in money, and in 1848, that the Superintending 
School Committee be allowed three dollars each for their 

Up to 1840, the only approach to the sawmill wdiich 
stood near where the blanket mill now stands, was by a 
narrow path on private ground ; but in the fall of this 
year, the selectmen, on petition of Charles Cfirpenter and 
others, laid out a new highway from the meeting house 
to the mill. 

Several towm meetings w^ere held during the year 1844, 
and the following items are taken from the votes 
passed : 

Voted. That the taxes be collected by the first of March next, or 
the collector receive no pay for collectiiiii. 

Voted. To discontiinic the old Turnpike road, running from near 


Amos Stearns' house towards Elijah Bowker's, to the 1)oiiii<lr\rv line of 
the town. 

Voted. That the bell he cast over and made into a new one. 

Voted. That an agent be a])i)()inted to get the bell rejiaired, and that 
seventA'-five dollars be appro]iriated for that purpose. 

Voted. That Daniel W. Farrar be the said agent. 

The Cheshire Railroad was being constructed through 
the town in the years 1846 and 1847, and consec{uently 
a large number of transient laborers were employed, and at 
the annual meeting the latter year, it was voted, "that the 
Irish laborers he excused from taxation the present year." 

In 1846, the following regulations were established by 
the firewards : 

By virtue of the authority in us vested by law, we the suljscribers, a 
majority of the firewards in the town of Troy, in the Comity of Cheshire, 
do establish the following regidations respecting the kindling, guarding 
and safe keeping, and for the jjrevention and extinguishment of fires to 
be in force in said town. 

1st. All persons are requested to furnish themselves with ladders and 
liuckets according to the State law, as £idopted bA' the said town. 

2d. No person shall place and keep an\' dry ashes in any wooden 
vessel under the penalty of five dollars for each offence. 

3d. No person shall keep a wooden door at auA- fireplace under the 
jjenalty of five dollars for each offence. 

4th. No person shall carry an\' lighted pipe or cigar into any l)arn, 
stfible, or shed, or into any I)uilding while finishing, or into an\- cabinet 
or house joiner or wheelwright's shop, nor shall an\' person carry an}' 
lighted candle or lamp into any barn, unless the same be inclosed in a 
lantern, mider the pcuidty of three dollars for each ofi'enee. 

5th. The foregoing regulations shall take effect and lie in force on 
and after the 15th of May, A. D. 184.G. 

Charlks CooLincK, 

Oliver Hawkins, 

JosKPH Jones, Board 

Thomas Wkic.iit, of 

Salmon Wright, Firewards. 

David W. Farrar, 

Edwin Buttrick. 


The Ward Hill was formerly one of the most difficult 
in the town, and ^\"as for a long time the subject of com- 
])laint. Alan^' efforts had been made to avoid this, 1)y 
constructing a road on different ground, but it was found 
impossible to lay out a road on any ground which should 
be satisfactorA' to all parties concerned. But in the fall 
of 184-9, the selectmen, after a careful examination of the 
whole matter, laid out the present road on the petition of 
John Lawrence and others, which was completed and 
opened the follo\ving year. They also, in accordance with 
a vote of the town on the petition of Charles Carpenter 
and others, laid out a road extending from Air. Carpen- 
ter's sawmill to the bridge near the foot of the Ward Hill. 

Previotis to the 3'ejir 1852, and for several 3^ears after- 
wards, all reports of the town officers were written and 
placed on file with other papers, but this A-ear it was 
voted that the selectmen should get the report of the 
Superintending School Committee printed, and that every 
family in town should be furnished with a cop}-. 

It was also voted to allow engine men one dollar and 
fifty cents each for their services. 

The amount of highway tax appropriated for winter 
use was very often insufficient to keep the roads suitably 
broken out, and individuals would have bills presented for 
breaking roads, to the payment of which objection was 
frequently made, and the question of paying an extra simi 
for this service in the winter was brought up for discus- 
sion ; and at the annual meeting in 1857, it was voted to 
raise a highway tax of one hundred and fift}- dollars in 
money, which should be appropriated as other highway 
taxes to the several surveyors, to be expended in the win- 
ter, the amount unexpended to be reported to the select- 
men before the first of March. 

It was voted to procure blinds and a lightning rod for 


the town hall, in 1858. The next year Dr. A. M. Caverly 
was chosen an agent to g^et a lithograph of the town 
house put into the "History of Troy," whieh was soon to 
be published, and the sum of sixteen dollars was appro- 
priated for the purpose of defraying the expense of the same. 
The following resolution was adopted : 

Whereas: Dr. A. M. Caverl}-, having procured at his own expense 
and arduous labor, a ver}' comjjlete History- of the Town of Troy, 

RESOLYEn. Tliat we as a town tender him a vote of thanks, and as 
a token of our esteem, we pay the expense of his hthograph which is to 
apjjear in said Histor_v. 

This 3^ear it was voted to have three hundred copies of 
the selectmen's report printed. 

Upon the tjuestion of the expediency of purchasing a 
count3' poor farm for the sup]iort of county paupers, the 
vote was two in the affirmative and sixty-four in the 

At this time a contagious disease appeared among the 
cattle in town, and the selectmen were authorized to take 
such steps to prevent its s])read as the^- thought best. 

In 1861, it was voted to have the room under the town 
hall finished, two hundred dollars being appropriated for 
that ]3urpose. It was also "Resolved: That if individuals 
feel disposed to contribute a sufficient sum to finish the 
lower part of the town hall for a school room, they have 
the privilege, provided however, that the said contribu- 
tions shall be ]:)ut into the hands of a competent commit- 
tee appointed by the town, and expended under their 
direction." John Grimes, Ira Boyden and David W. Far- 
rar w^ere chosen for this committee. 

E. P. Kimball, John Grimes and Edmund Bemis were 
selected to procure a new bell for the town house and to 
dispose of the old one. 

Three hundred dollars was raised in 1862, to be put 


with a sum already raised, for the jmrpose of purchasing a 
fire engine and hose. 

At a special town meeting held June 18, 1864, E. P. 
Kimball, Stephen B. Farrar and David Wheeler were chosen 
a committee to finish a room in the lower part of the 
town hall, for an engine room, three hundred dollars being 
raised for the purpose. 

At the election in November, 1864, upon the question: 

" Is it expedient that a convention be called to revise the constitution. " 

1st. To enable the qualified voters of the State, engaged in the mili- 
tary' or naval service of the covmtry, in time of war, insurrection, or 
rebellion, to exercise the right of suffrage while absent from the State; 

2d. To abohsh all religious tests as qualifications for office; 

8d. To diminish the number of members of the House of. Repre- 
sentatives ; 

4th. To increase the number of mem1)ers of the Senate; 

5th. To make provisions for future amendments of the constitution ; 
the vote stood thirty-four for and thirty-eight against. 
An article was inserted in the warrant for the annual 
meeting, March, 1866, "To see if the town will vote to 
instruct their representative to the next Legislature to use 
his influence to have the name of Troy changed to that of 

This was doubtless inserted on account of the trouble 
and inconvenience in postal, express and baggage matters, 
arising from a confusion and similarity in wanting the 
names Troy, N. H., and Tro^', N. Y. The vote was fifteen 
in favor ^and fifty-four against. 

November, 1871, the town voted to discontinue that 
part of the highway rtmning across the common, beginning 
near the Chapman house and running in a southerly direc- 
tion to nearly opposite the "tin shop house," and to lay 
out a new one beginning near the same point and running 
easterly to a point nearly opposite the town hall, inter- 
sectins: with the road there. 


Barrett Ripley, C. W. Whitney and William Butler were 
chosen a committee to fence, grade and beautify the 
common, four hundred dollars being appropriated for the 

Sometime previous to the year 1872, a brass band had 
been formed and had become involved in debt in procuring 
the necessary equipments, and the town voted to a])pro- 
priate two hundred and fifty dollars to relieve tliem from 
debt. It was also voted to sell the State bonds at par, 
as occasion arose, to pay town debts. 

In 1875, it was voted to redistrict the town for school 
purposes, and the following persons were chosen for that 
purpose: District No. 1, Barrett Rijaley; District No. 2, 
Chas. W. Whitney; District No. 3, Edmund Bemis ; District 
No. 4., William N. Watson; District No. 5, Daniel J. Fife; 
District No. 6, Alvah S. Clark. 

In the warrant for the annual meeting for 1878 was 
an article to see if the town would vote to procure a 
soldier's monument, but no action was taken. 

June 4, 1853, the proprietors of the old meeting house 
met agreeable to a call made by Daniel W. Farrar, Eas- 
man Alexander and Elijah Harrington, under an act passed 
by the Legislature in 1848, ])roviding for the sale of meet- 
ing houses in certain cases. There were present: 

Stephen Wheeler. Luther Chapman. 

EHjah Harrington. Lyman Wright. 

Easman Alexander. Peletiah Hodgkins. 

David W. Farrar. Daniel Cutting. 

Daniel W. Farrar. Artemas Fairlxmk.s. 
Abel Baker. 

It was voted to vSell the house at auction, and Daniel 
W. Farrar, Lyman Wright and Artemas Fairbanks were 
chosen a committee to sell and convey the same, the select- 
men of Jaffrey being appointed to make the division of the 


proceeds among the pro])rietors. The house Avas pur- 
chased by the town. 

An article was inserted in the warrant for the March 
meeting, 1855, to see if the town would vote any direc- 
tions as to what should be done with the old meeting 
house, and choose an agent or committee, with power to 
purchase land for the removal of the house if thought ex- 
pedient, or take any miction in relation to the same. A 
committee of five were chosen, consisting of Joseph M. 
Forristall, Leonard Farrar, Lyman Wright, Abel Baker 
and Brown Nurse, to investigate and see what could be 
done and report at the next town meeting. 

A special meeting was held April 25, for the purpose of 
hearing the report of the alcove committee, and to see if 
the town v^ould remove the house to any lot that might 
be purchased ; to choose an agent or committee to pur- 
chase land and take a deed of the same; to carry the 
removal of the house into effect and to submit a plan or 
plans to finish the same. 

The committee made a report, but no further action 
v^as taken and the matter was brought up again at the 
annual meeting in 1S56, when the question was referred 
to a committee consisting of Daniel W. Farrar, Brown 
Nurse and Ira Boyden, who were to report at a meeting 
to be held not later than the first of September, following, 
and at a meeting held on the second day thereof, they 
submitted the following: 

We recommeiul that the town deeide first to remove or not to re- 
move said house. 

We recomnieiid that the town eanse a hall to be iiiiished in the iii)per 
part of said house, 4U Ijy 4-5 feet, with a stairway aljout cS feet wide in 
the center of the front part, about four feet from the front door, and 
oeeupyin!> about eleven feet in the ascent. To lower down the windows 
al)Out thi'ee feet and put a ^othic head upon the windows; the pul])it 
windows to be closed up. The hall to lie laid with a new floor and in 


erer^v respect to be well and thoroughly finished, and to be furnished 
with fifty settees. To finish a room upon each side of said stairs of 
about fifteen l)y seventeen feet, and to put u]) two stacks of chimneys 
in the partition between the hall and these rooms. All of which your 
committee think may be done for the old material and five hundred 

That the roof be repaired by patching, which we think may be done 
to last eight or ten years. 

That the house be well painted outside with two coats of good paint, 
which we estimate to cost from $100 to $125. 

That the pews be taken out and the jiew floors placed upon a level 
with aisle floors, and we estimate the old pew material will ])ay the 

That the town choose an agent or committee to carry the above rejjort 
into eflect, with such instructions as the town shall give him or them" 

This report was adopted, and it was voted to move 
the house, by turning it one quarter round, into the north- 
east corner of the common, within from eight to twelve 
feet to the north and east Hne of said common. 

All the sections of the report were adopted, and a 
committee was chosen by ballot to carry these measures 
into effect, consisting of David W. Farrar, Edward P. 
Kimball and Ira Boy den. 

In addition, this committee was instructed to have a 
good cellar under the house, provided it would not cost 
more than one hundred dollars extra. 

The work having been completed, it was accepted by 
the town at the annual meeting in 1858, and it was 
voted to procure blinds for the whole house and to have 
a new lightning rod. Edwin Buttrick, Brown Nurse, 
David W. Farrar, Edward P. Kimball and A. M. Caverly 
were chosen to prepare suitable by-laws for the reguhition 
of the hall, which were in due time reported and adopted. 

The hall having become too small for the needs of the 
town, especially on occasions of ]niblic gatherings or 
entertainments requiring the use of a stage, the question 



of an enlargement was agitated for several years, but no 
definite action was taken initil the March meeting, 1893, 
when two thousand dollars was voted to be raised for 
that purpose, and Charles W. Whitney, William J. Boyden 
and Warren W. Kind)all were chosen a building committee. 



iiiiiisiaaan Rf 


maia i 


Towx Hai.i,. 

An addition about twenty-five feet in length was built on 
to the north end of the hall, the kind being given by 
James L. Stanley. The upper part was finished as a large 
and commodious stage, with suitable dressing rooms and 
closets, with an entrance from the lower floor. The lower 
])art was finished for the use of the fire department, with 
the addition of a hose tower. The old side seats in the 
hall were removed, and the interior decorated and furnished 
\vith inside blinds, increasing the capacity of the hall very 




In former times tlic office of town constable was one 
of considerable importance, and from one to three were 
usually chosen at each annual meeting. Their jurisdiction 
did not extend beyond the towni, but their duties were 
similar and of greater scope and the position more im])or- 
tant perhaps, than that of the deputy sheriff of the pres- 
ent day, for they represented the majesty of the law, and 
were charged with the execution of warrants and the ser- 
vice of summonses. It was usually the custom to appoint 
the tax collector one of the constables, as in the discharge 
of his duties it was necessary that he should have author- 
ity to enforce the law. 

The following list gives the names of those chosen as 
constables from the incorporation of the town until 1860 : 

1816. John Lawrence. 

1817. Calvin Starkey. 
David White. 

1818. Calvin Starkey. 
David White. 

1819. John Lawrence. 
David White. 

1820. Edmnnd P.emis. 
David White. 

1821. Calvin Starkey. 
David White. 

1822. Calvin Starkey. 
David White. 

1823. Calvin Starkey. 

1824. Lnke Harris. 

1825. Lnke Harris. 
182*1. John Lawrence. 

David White. 

1827. John Lawrence. 

1828. Calvin Starkey. 

1829. Lemnel Brown. 

1830. Lemnel Brown. 




Thomas Wri.ijlit. 


Isaac Aldrich, Jr. 


Thomas Wright. 


Isaac Aldricli, Jr. 


Wihiam Marshall. 

Edward P. Kimball. 

Calvin Starke^-. 


James L. Bolster. 


Calvin Starkey. 


James L. Bolster. 


Calvin Starkey. 


Jiimes R. Stanley. 

John Lawrence. 

James L. Bolster. 


Abel Baker. 


James R. Stanley. 

Calvin Starkey. 


Anstin B. Gates. 


Calvin Starkey. 

Ste])hen B. Farrar. 

Benjamin F. Grosvenor. 


Austin B. Gates. 


Charles Coolidge. 

Stephen B. Farrar. 

Ashael S. Wise. 


Stejjhen B. Farrar. 


Ezekiel White. 

Elhott Goddard. 

Lnke Harris. 


James R. Stanley-. 


Ezekiel White. 

Leonard Wright. 

John Whittemore, Jr. 


Stephen B. Farrar. 


Ezekiel White. 


Edward P. Kimball. 

John Whittemore, Jr. 

Abel W. Baker. 


Nathan Winch. 


Charles B. Wright. 

Brown Nurse. 


Stephen B. Farrar. 


Thomas Wrijjjht. 

Alonzo B. Harrington 

Charles Coolidge. 

LA-man Wright. 


Thomas Wright. 


Isaac Aldrich, Jr. 


Thomas Wright. 
Edward P. Kimball. 

Albert G. Hurllnitt. 

LSI 9 

Sylvester P. Flint. 
Caleb Perry. 
Sylvester P. Flint. 
Timoth}' Kendall. 
Timothy Kendall. 
Timothy Kendall. 
Lyman Wright. 
Lyman Wright. 
Lyman Wright. 
Lyman Wright. 
Lvman Wright. 


Town Clerks. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Charles W. Whitney, 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 

Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Sylvester P. Flint. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel Cutting. 
Daniel Cutting. 
Daniel Cutting. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel Cutting. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Ezekiel Rich. 




1S27. Lyman Wright. 

1828. Lyman Wright. 

1829. Lyman Wrioht. 

1830. Lyman Wright. 

1831. Lyman Wright. 

1832. Lyman Wright. 

1833. Lyman Wright. 
1834-. Lyman Wright. 

1835. Lyman Wriglit. 

1836. Tinidthy Kendall. 

1837. Lyman Wright. 

1838. Lyman Wright. 

1839. Lyman Wright. 
184-0. Lyman Wright. 

1841. Lyman Wright. 

1842. Lyman Wright. 

1843. Lyman Wright. 

1844. Lyman Wright. 

1845. Lyman Wright. 

1846. Lyman Wright. 

1847. Lyman Wright. 

1848. Lyman Wright. 

1849. Abel Baker. 

1850. Abel Baker. 

1851. Edward P. Kimball. 

1852. Lyman Wright. 

1853. Lyman Wright. 

1854. Lyman Wright. 

1855. Lyman Wright. 

1856. Abel Baker. 

1857. Abel Baker. 

1858. Abel Baker. 

1859. Abel Baker. 

1860. Leonard Farrar. 

1861. Edwin Biittrick. 

1862. Leonard Farrar. 

1863. Leonard Farrar. 

1864. Edwin Buttriek. 

1865. Edwin Buttriek. 

Town Clerks. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Fiirrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Ftirrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Brown Nurse. 
David W. Farrar. 
David W. Farrar. 
Brown Nurse. 
David W. Farrar. 
David W. Farrar. 
David W. Farrar. 
David W. Farrar. 
Brown Niu^se. 
Brown Nurse. 
Brown Nurse. 
Brown Nurse. 
Luke Miller. 
Luke Miller. 
Luke Miller. 
Luke Miller. 
Luke Miller. 
William Marshall. 
William Marshall. 
Leonard Wright. 
Abial M. Caverly. 
Abial M. Caverly. 
Abial M. Caverly. 
George A. Adams. 
George A. Adams. 
John Grimes. 
George A. Adams. 
Henr^' W^ Farrar. 
Henrv^ W. Farrar. 

Daniel Cutting. 
Daniel Cutting. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Lyman Wright. 
Lyman Wright. 
Chester Lyman. 
Chester Lyman. 
Daniel Cutting. 
Daniel Cutting. 
Jonathan Clark. 
Jonathan Clark. 
Abel Baker. 
Abel Baker. 
Abel Baker. 
John W. Bellows. 
John W. Bellows. 
Jeremiah Pomeroy. 
Thomas Wright. 
Thomas Wright. 
John W. Bellows. 
John W. Bellows. 
Brown Nurse. 
Brown Nurse. 
Jotham H. Holt. 
Jotham H. Holt. 
Aldin Egleston. 
Lyman Wright. . 
Lyman Wright. 
Josejih M. Forristall. 
Joseph M. Forristall. 
Edwin Buttriek. 
Edwin Buttriek. 
Abial M. Caverly. 
Abial M. Caverly. 
David W. Farrar. 
David W. Farrar. 
Edmvtnd Bemis. 




1566. Edwin Btittrick. 

1567. Edwin Buttriok. 

1568. Edwin Buttrick. 

1569. Edwin Bnttrick. 

1570. Edwin Buttricl. 

1571. Edwin Buttrick. 

1572. Edwin Bnttrick. 

1573. Edwin Bnttrick. 

1574. Edwin Buttrick. 

1575. Edwin Bnttrick. 
lS7fi. Charles W. Whitney. 
1.S77. Charles W. Whitney. 
1S78. Charles W. Whitney. 

Town Clerks. 
Hcnr\- W. Farrar. 
Asa C. Dort. 
Asa C. Dort. 
Asa C. Dort. 
Charles E. Kimball. 
Charles D. Farrar. 
Charles D. Farrar. 
Antjnstns Hodirkins. 
Augustus Hodgkins. 
Ausjustus Hodgkins. 
Ilenr}- M. Whittemf)re. 
Henry M. Whittemore. 
Hcnrv M. Whittemore. 

Edmund Bemis. 
Elisha H. Tolman. 
Elisha H. Tolman. 
Augustus Hodgkins. 
Augustvis Hodgkins. 
Charles W. Whitney. 
Charles W. Whitney. 
Geoi-ge W. Brown. 
George W. Brown. 
William N. Watson. 
William N. Watson. 
William (i. Silsby. 
William (t. vSilshy. 

The first election under the biennial method of choosing 
state officers was held in November, when the representa- 
tive and supervisors of the check list were chosen, 
town officers only being- chosen at the annual March 


1879. Henry W. Farrar. 

1880. Henry W. Farrar. 

1881. Henry W. Farrar. 

1882. Henry W. Farrar. 

1883. Edwin Buttrick. 

1884. Edwin Buttrick. 

1885. Charles W. Brown 
188G. Charles W. Brown 

1887. Charles W. Brown 

1888. Charles W. Brown 

1889. Charles W. Brown 

1890. Charles W. Brown 

1891. Charles W. Brown 

1892. Charles W. Brown 
1898. Franklin Riple\'. 

1894. Frankhn Ripley. 

1895. Franklin Ripley. 

1896. Franklin Ripley. 

Town Clerks. 
Moses E. Wright. 
Moses E. Wright. 
Charles A. Hubbard. 
Franklin Rijile}'. 
Franklin Ri])le3'. 
Franklin Rijilej'. 
Franklin Ri])lcy. 
Franklin Ripley. 
Franklin Riple3'. 
Melvin T. Stone. 
Melvin T. Stone. 
Melvin T. Stone. 
Melvin T. Stone. 
Melvin T. Stone. 
Melvin T. Stone. 
Melvin T. Stone. 
Melvin T. vStone. 
Melvin T. Stone. 



Commencing Avith the biennial election in November, 
1878, the following officers were chosen: 

1S7S. Ilciirv W. Farrar, 

1880. Heiirv W. Farrar. Asa C. Dort 

1882. Henrv W. Farrar. 

1884. Edwin Buttrick. 

Charles W. Brown. 

Edwin Buttricl<. 

1886. Charles W. Brown. Melvin T. Stone 

1888. Charles W. Brown. 

1890. Charles W. Brown. John H. Conqdon. 

1892. Charles W. Brown. Edwin B. Dort. 

1894. Franklin Kipley. 

1896. Franklin Ripley. Alvah S. Clark. 

Representatives. Supervisors. 

Asa C. Dort. Edwin Bnttrick. 

Charles W. Whitney. 

Charles W. Brown. 

Charles W. Brown. 

William G. Silsby. 

William N. Watson. 

William C. Silsby. 

William N. Watson. 

Warren \V. Kimball. 

Edwin Bnttrick. 

William N. Watson. 

Frank S. Harris. 

Edwin Bnttrick. 

Henry M. Whittemore. 

Frank S. Harris. 
Henry M. Whittemore. Edwin Bnttrick. 

Henry M. Whittemore. 

Frank S. Harris. 

lidwin Bnttrick. 

Henr_v M. Whittemore. 

Frank S. Harris. 

lidwin B. Dort. 

James L. Stanley. 

Henry M. Whittemore. 

Henry M. Whittemore. 

Edwin B. Dort. 

Fraidv L. Brown. 

Harvey E. (iates. 

Melvin T. Stone. 

James L. Stanley. 

Daniel F. R. Hcrrick. 


1816. Svlvester I'. Flint, Daniel Cnttin.ij', William Barnard. 

1817. Daniel Cutting, Caleb Perry, Salmon Whittemore. 

1818. vSylvester P. Flint, Daniel W. Farrar, George Farrar. 

1819. Daniel Cutting, Salmon Whittemore, Tinu)thy Kendall. 


1820. Daniel W. Farrar, Salmon Whittemore, Timothy Kendall. 

1821. Daniel Cuttin;.;. Timothy Godding, Amos Sibley. 

1822. Daniel Cutting, Timothy- Godding, Amos Sihley. 

1823. Daniel Ciitting, George Farrar, Timothy Kendall. 
1824-. Daniel \V. Farrar, Amos Sibley, Caleb Perry. 

1825. Daniel Cutting, Amos Sibley, Calvin Starkey. 

1826. Amos Sibley, Salmon Whittemore, Calvin Starkey. 

1827. Daniel Cutting, Calvin Starkey, Lyman Wright. 

1828. Djiniel W. F£irrar, Lyman Wright, Timotln- Kendall. 

1829. Daniel Cutting, Calvin Starkey, Luke Harris. 
183U. Daniel Cutting, Luke Harris. Abel Baker. 

1831. Abel Baker, Calvin Starkey, John Lawrenee. 

1832. Daniel Cutting, Abel Baker, Daniel Buttriek. 

1833. Daniel Cutting, Daniel Buttriek, Jonathan Clark. 
1834-. Daniel Buttriek. Daniel W. Farrar, Calvin Starkey. 

1835. Daniel Cutting, Jonathan Clark, Daniel W. Farrar. 

1836. Daniel Cutting, Jontithan Clark, Daniel W. Farrar. 

1837. Jonathan Clark, Aljel Baker, John Colburn. 

1838. Abel Baker, Thomas Wright, John W. Bellows. 

1839. Abel Baker. Thomas Wright. John W. Bellows. 

184-0. John \V. liellows, Josei^h \l. Fcn^ristall, Charles Coolidge. 

1841. Abel Baker, Charles Coolidge, Solomon Goddard. 

1842. John W. Bellows, Charles Coolidge, Joseph AL Forristall. 

1843. Abel Baker, Leonard Farrar, Edwin Buttriek. 

1844. Abel Baker, Leonjird Farrar, Edwin Buttriek. 

1845. Abel Baker, Lyman Wright. Jonathan Clark. 

1846. Abel Baker, Lyman Wright, Jonathan Clark. 

1847. John W. Bellows, Moses S. Perkins, Nathan Wineh, Thomas 

Wright, Jonas Bemis. 

1848. Abel Baker, Leonard Farrar, George W. Brf)wn. 

1849. Abel Baker, Thomas Wright, Jonas Bemis. 

1850. Abel Baker, Thomas Wright, Jonas Bemis. 

1851. Abel Baker, Thomas Wright, Jonas Bemis. 

1852. John W. Bellows, James R. Stanley, Augustus Hodgkins. 

1853. John W. Bellows, Jotham H. Holt, James R. Stanley. 

1854. Jotham IL Holt, .\ugustus Hodgkins, Lyman Harrington. 

1855. Augustus Hodgkins, Lyman Harrington, James R. Stanley. 

1856. Jotham H. Holt, Ira Boyden, Henry A. Porter. 

1857. Jotham H. Holt, Henry A. Porter, Lsaae .\ldrieh, Jr. 


1858. Jotham H. Holt, Henr_v A. Porter, Isaac Aldrich, Jr. 

1859. Abel Baker, Edmund Bemis, John C. Alexander. 

1860. Edmtind Bemis, Stejjhen B. Farrar, Elliott Whitcomb. 

1861. Stephen B. Farrar, Elliott Whitcomb, John C. Alexander. 

1862. John C. Alexander, Edmund BemivS, Augustus Hodgkins. 

1863. Edmund Bemis, .\ugustus Hodgkins, William G. Silsby. 

1864. Edmund Bemis, .\ugustus Hodgkins, William L. Bemis. 

1865. Edmund Bemis, Augustus Hodgkins, John U. Beers. 

1866. Augustus Hodgkins, John V. Beers, Jotham H. Holt. 

1867. Stephen B. Ftirrar, Edmund Bemis, Charles W. Brown. 

1868. Edmund Bemis, Charles W. Brown, Hamilton Parker. 

1869. Edmund Bemis, Charles W. Brown, Stephen B. Farrar. 

1870. Stephen B. Farrar, Robert M. Silsb}-, Charles A. Farrar. 

1871. Edwin Buttrick, William N. Watson, Edmund Bemis. 

1872. Edwin Buttrick, William N. Watson, Edmund Bemis. 

1873. William N. Watson, Edmund Bemis, Alvah S. Clark. 

1874. WilHam N. Watson, Alvah S. Clark, George W. Randall. 

1875. Alvah S. Clark, Edmund Bemis, William X. Watson. 

1876. Edmund Bemis, William N. Watson, James R. Stanley. 

1877. William N. Watson, James R. Stanley, Augustus Hodgkins. 

1878. William N. Watson, Charles C. Smith, William A. Harris. 

1879. Edmund Bemis, James R. Stanley, Henry W. Farrar. 

1880. James R. Stanley, Henry W. Farrar, Edmund Bemis. 

1881. Henr^' W. Farrar, Edmund Bemis, WilHam A. Harris. 

1882. Edmund Bemis, James C. Parker, Alfred G. Lawrence. 

1883. Edmund Bemis, James C. Parker, Alfred G. Lawrence. 

1884. Edmund Bemis, James C. Parker, Alfred G. Lawrence. 

1885. James C. Pai'ker, Alfred G. Lawrence, John H. Congdon. 

1886. Edmund Bemis, John H. Congdon, Edward F. Adams. 

1887. John H. Congdon, Edward F. Adams, George N. Parmenter. 

1888. Edward F. Adams, George N. Parmenter, Edmund Bemis. 

1889. Edward F. Adams. George N. Parmenter, John H. Congdon. 

1890. John H. Congdon, Edmund Bemis, Frank L. Brown. 

1891. Edmund Bemis, Edward F. Adams, Elmer E. Haskell. 

1892. Edmund Bemis, George A. Starkey, Elmer E. Haskell. 
1898. George A. Starkey, Elmer E. Haskell, George N. Parmenter. 

1894. Elmer E. Haskell, George N. Parmenter, William J. Boydcn. 

1895. Elmer E. Haskell, George A. Starkey, Henry M. Whittemore. 

1896. John H. Congdon, Ora C. Mason, Herbert P. Thompson. 

1897. Alvah S. Clark, Herbert P. Thompson, Ora C. Mason. 




The following persons have served as treasurers 

1816-17. George Ftirrar. 

1818-23. William Farrar. 

1824-27. Lyman Wright. 

1828. Solomon Goddard. 

1829. Abel Baker. 
1830-38. Timothy Kendall. 
1839-4-1. Daniel W. Farrar. 
18-12— 14. Brown Nnrse. 
1845. David W. Farrar. 
1846-49. Charles Coolidge. 
1850-51. .\lmon Wright. 

1852-54. Charles Coolidge. 

1855-58. Isaac Aldrich. 

1859-62. John Grimes. 

1863. George A. Adams. 

1864-66. John U. Beers. 

1867-68. Barrett Ripley. 

1869. Abel Baker. 

1870. Edward P. Kimball. 
1871-73. Barrett Ripley. 
1874-97. Asa C. Dort. 


Since 1816, the following persons have served as sextons: 

Luke Harris. 
Preston Bishop. 

1819-20. Jonathan B. French. 

1822. Moses Bush. 

1823. Elijah Fuller. 

1824. Moses Bush. 

1825. Lyman Wright. 

1826. David W. Farrar. 

1827. Charles Davis. 

1828. Oliver Hawkins. 

1829. Elijah Harrington. 

1830. Oliver Hawkins. 


Thomas Wright. 

1832-33. Oliver Hawkins. 

1834-65. Thomas Wright. 

1866-70. Stephen B. Farrar. 

1871-74. William A. Harris. 

1875. Joseph F. Capron. 

1876. Charles Haskell. 
1877-78. .\lanson Starkey. 
1879-80. William A. Harris. 

1881. Alanson Starke^-. 

1882. William A. Harris. 
1883-97. James L. Stanley. 

The follow^ing table gives an idea of the amount 
expended on aceount of the regular expenses of the town 
from the time of its incorporation. The number of resi- 
dent taxpayers in 1816 was one hundred and twenty-two. 
The appropriations for highways in the early years was 
the amount raised for repairs alone, and was usualh^ paid 
in labor. Special appropriations w^ere nearly always made 
for the building of new highways. Other appropriations 
for special purposes wall be mentioned in tlie account of 



the purposes for which they were made. The amount 
stated to be raised for the support of schools for the past 
few^ years does not give the amount expended, for it has 
been voted to appropriate enouj^h from the savings banks 
tax, in addition to the literary fund and dog tax, to make 
the amoimt from twelve to fifteen hundred dollars. During 
the 3^ears when no amount is recorded as being raised it 
is supposed it was only that required by law. 

The amount allowed per hour for labor upon the high- 
ways was probably the same as that of the other towns 
in the county ; in 1827 it was eight cents for a man or 
yoke of oxen; in 1836, ten cents; later it was fifteen 
cents. For several years previous to the passage of the 
highway law now in force, the town had raised their 
highway tax in money, which was expended under the 
direction of one or more agents chosen bv the town. 






















































































































1 ,000 
































































800 1,000 

1,0()() 1,000 

1.000 800 





























































































In the tollowing list of votes for governor, the name 
of the person elected is placed first each year. In the 
early history of the state it is quite probable that ])arty 
distinctions did not exist. After a time the terms federalist 
and repnblican designated ]iarty divisions, and from the 
time of the incorporation of Tro3- until 1S24, the leading 
candidates voted for are classed by their after-party affilia- 
tion. About 1824 the federal party ceased to exist, and the 
contending political interests rallied about individual men. 
Jackson and Adaius ^vere contestants for the presidential 
chair, and although not differing materialh' in principle, 
these interests espoused the cause of either one or the other 



and were recognized as Jackson men or Adams men, and 
the contests became intensely bitter at times. Andrew 
Jackson and Henry Clay were the rival candidates in the 
presidential campaign of 1832, and those supporting Jack- 
son were called democrats, and those supporting Clay 
were termed whigs. The abolitionist or free soil partj^ 
began to develop about 1841, and in the presidential elec- 
tion of 1856, the whig, free soil and American or Know- 
Nothing party organizations were abandoned, and a new 
party formed from them, in opposition to the democratic 
party w^hich took the name of republican. 


William Plumnicr, r, 



Samuel Dinsmoor, j, 


James Sheafe, f, 


Ichabod Bartlett, a. 



William Pltimmer, r, 



Samuel Dinsmoor, j. 


Jeremiah Mason, f, 


Ichabod Bartlett, a. 



William Plnmmcr, r. 



Samuel Dinsmoor, j. 


Jeremiah Mason, f. 


Arthur Livermore, a. 



Samuel Bell, r. 



W^illiam Badger, d. 


William Hale, f. 


Andrew Jackson, 



Samuel Bell, r. 



William Badger, d, 



Samuel Bell, r. 


Joseph Heal}-, r. 



Samuel Bell, r. 



Isaac Hill, d. 



Levi Woodbtiry, r. 


George Sullivan, 


Samuel Dinsmof)r, r. 



Isaac Hill, d. 



David L. Morrill, a, 


Luther Chripnirui, 


Jeremiah Smith, 




Levi Woodbxiry, j. 



Isaac Hill, d. 



David L. Morrill, a. 


James Wilson, Jr., w. 



David L. Morrill, a. 


1 839. 

John Page, d. 


Benjamin Pierce, j. 


James Wilson, Jr., w., 



Benjamin Pierce, j, 



John Page, d. 


David L. Morrill, a. 


Enos Stevens, w. 



John Bell, a. 



John Page, d. 


Benjamin Pierce, j, 


Enos Stevens, w. 



Benjamin Pierce, j, 



HenrA' Hubbard, d. 


John Bell, a. 


Enos Stevens, w. 



Matthew HarvcA', j. 


John H. White, i d, 


Timothy- Upham, a, 



Henry Hubbard, d. 




1848. Anthony Colby, w, 
John H. Wliite, i d 
Daniel Hoit, 1" s, 

1844. John H. vSteelc, d. 
Anthony Colliy. w, 
Henry Hnbbard, 
John H. White, 
David Hoit, 

1845. John H. Steele, d, 
Anthony- Colby, w, 
Daniel Hoit. f s, 

1846. Jared W. Williams, d, 80 
Anthony- Colin-, \v, 94 
Nathaniel S. Berr^-, f s, 9 

1847. Jared W. Williams, d, 45 
Anthony Colb}-, w, 95 
Nathaniel S. Bern-, fs, 19 

1848. Jared W. Williams, d, 55 
Nathaniel S. Berry, fs, 107 

1849. Samuel Dinsmoor, d, 57 
Levi Chamberlain, w, 79 
Nathaniel S. Berry, f s, 17 

1850. Samuel Dinsmoor, d, 69 
Levi Chamberlain, w, 68 
Nathaniel S. Berry, f s, 20 

1851. Samuel Dinsmoor, d, 63 
Thomas E. SawA-er, w, 82 
John Atwood, f s, 21 

1852. Noah Martin, d. 58 
Thomas E. Sawyer, w, 77 
John Atwood, f s. 

1853. Noah AL-irtin, d. 
James Bell, w, 
John H. White, f s, 

1854. Nathaniel B. Baker, d 
James Bell, w, 
Jared Perkins, f s. 

1855. Ralph Metcalf, a, 
Nathaniel B. Baker, d, 48 
































James Bell, w. 11 

Ralph Metcalf, a, 90 

John S. Wells, d, 49 
Ichabod Goodwin, w, 14 

William Haile, r, 97 

John S. Wells, d, 55 

Charles B. Haddock, 5 

William Haile, r, 92 

Asa P. Cate, d, 50 

Isaac Riddle, 4 
Ichabod Goodwin, r, 102 

Asa P. Cate, d, 58 

Ichabod Goodwin, r, 94 

Asa P. Cate, d, 67 

Nathaniel S. Berry, r, 97 

George Stark, d, 60 

Nathaniel S. Berr\', r, 89 

George Stark, d, 54 

Joseph A. Gilmore, r, 91 

Ira A. Eastman, d, 63 
Walter Harriman, id, 3 

Joseph A. Gilmore, r, 90 
Edw. W. Harrington, d, 70 

Frederick Smyth, r, 85 
Edw. W. Harrington, d, 54 

Frederick Smyth, r. 85 

John G. Sinclair, d. 68 

Walter Harriman, r, 90 

John G. Sinclair, d. 68 

Wa.lter Harriman, r, 94 

John G. Sinclair, d, 79 

Onslow Stearns, r, 85 

John Bedel, d, 63 

Onslow Stearns, r, 96 

John Bedel, d, 70 

Samuel Flint, 1 

James A. Weston, d, 67 
James Pike, r, 104 

Lemuel P. Cooper, 1 
Ezekiel Straw, r. 110 



1872. James A. Weston, d, 68 

1873. Ezekiel Straw, r, 95 
James A. Weston, d, Gl 

1874'. James A. Weston, d, 59 
L. McCutchings, r, 120 

1875. Person C. Cheney, r, 125 
Hiram R. Roberts, d, 59 

1876. Person C. Cheney, r, 130 
Daniel Marcy, d, 53 

1877. Benj. F. Prescott, r, 119 
Daniel Marcy, d, 50 

1878. Benj. F. Prescott, r, 121 
Frank A. McKean, d, (Vsi 

1879. Natt Head, r, 121 
Frank A. McKean, d, 65 

1880. Charles H. Bell, r, 128 
Frank Jones, d, 57 

1882. Samnel W. Hale, r, 93 
M. V. B. Edserlv, d. 67 

1882. Josiah M. Fletcher, t. 2 

1884. Moody Currier, r, 120 
John M. Hill, d, 63 

George Carpenter, g, 1 
Larkin D. Mason, t, 1 

1886. Charles H. Sawyer, r. 105 
Thomas Cogswell, d, 53 

1888. David H. Goodell, r, 132 
Charles H. Amsden, d, 68 

1890. Hiram A. Tuttle, r, 119 
Charles H. Amsden, d, 69 

1892. John B. Smith, r, 130 

Luther F. McKinnc}-, d, 68 
William O. Noyes, 4- 

Edgar L. Carr, 1 

1894-. Charles A. Busiel, r, 135 
George D. Epps, 1 

Henr\- O. Kent, d, 47 

Daniel C. Knowlcs, 3 


The following list gives the names of those persons 
chosen by the town or ap])ointed by the selectmen, to 
inspect the schools, so far as there is any record : 

1816. Ezekiel Rich, Roswell Crossfield, Curtis Coolidge. 

1817. Ezekiel Rich, William Farrar, Caleb Perry. 

1818. Ezekiel Rich, Caleb Perry, Daniel W. Farrar. 

1819. Charles W. Whitney, David Holbrook, Caleb Perry. 
1823. Seth E. Winslow, Daniel W. Farrar, Lyman Wright. 

1825. Otis C. Whiton, Ezekiel Rich. 

1826. Otis C. Whiton, Ezekiel Rich, Caleb Perry. 

1827. Otis C. Whiton, Ezekiel Rich, Caleb Perry, Charles W". 

Whitney, Abel Baker. 
1854-55. Luther Townsend, Leonard Farrar, Abial M. Criverly. 
1857-59. Luther Townsend. 
1860-62. A1)ial M. Caverly, Leonard Farrar, John Grimes. 

1863. Leonard Farrar, John Grimes, Thomas E. Rdberts. 

1864. Leonard Farrar. 

1865-67. Leonard Farrar, Daniel (ioodhue, Jonathrm S. Herrick. 



1868-69. Jonathan S. Herrick. 

1870. Jonathan S. Herrick, Leonard Farrar, Levi Brijiham. 

1871. Levi Brigham, Aloses E. Wright. 
1873-74. Leonard Farrar, Jonathan S. Herrick. 
1875. Jonathan S. Herrick. 

1876-78. George H. Aldrich, Asa C. Dort. 

1879. David W. Goodale, Daniel R. Herrick. 

1880-81. David W. Goodale. 

1882-85. Melvin T. Stone. 

The town system of schools was estalilished by the 
Legislature of 1885, placing the entire supervision of 
schools in the school board, consisting of three persons. 
The following have comprised the school boards since the 
system was adopted : 

1886. Melvin T. Stone. 
Asa C. Dort. 
George N. Parmenter. 

1887. Asa C. Dort. 
George N. Parmenter. 
Josiah Merrill. 

1888. Charles W. Brown. 
Josiah Merrill. 
Franklin Ripley. 

1889. Josiah Merrill. 
Franklin Ripley. 
Charles W. Brown. 

1890. Franklin Ripley. 
Charles W. Brown. 
Melvin T. Stone. 

1891. Charles \V. Brown. 
Melvin T. Stone. 
Franklin Ripley. 

1892. Melvin T. Stone. 
Franklin Riple\'. 
John H. Congdon. 

1893. Franklin Ripley. 
John H. Congdon. 
Aiirilla M. Harris. 

1894-. John H. Congdon. 

Aurilla M. Harris. 

Daniel R. Herrick. 
1895. Anrilla M. Harris. 

Daniel R. Herrick. 

Franklin Ripley. 

The following is a copy of the earliest check list that 
is in existence : 


.•\lex:inder, J()se])h 
Alexander, Easnian 
Alexander, Ezra 
Alexander, Elijah 

.\niadon, Josiah 
.\rnokl, Nathan 

Biickston, David 

Bolster, Artenias 
Barnard, Wni. 
Brewer, Asa 
Brnce, John 



Bishop, Wm. 
Bishop, Preston 
Bvixton, HHjah 
Ball, Daniel 
Ball, Daniel, Jr. 
Bvittor, Joseph 
Buttor, Josej)li, Jr. 
Bemis, Edmund 
Buttor, Sitnon 
Bush, Moses 

Corbin, Joseph 
Coolidge, Abraham 
Coolidge, Orlando 
Cutting, Daniel 
Cutting, Joseph 
Cutting, Moses 
Clark, Thomas, Jr. 
Clark, Thomas 
Chase, Wm. 
Cree, Moses 
Coolidge, Asher 
Corbin, Nathaniel 

Daggett, Levi 
Davis, Charles 

Farrar, Daniel W 
Farrar, Wm. 
Farrtir, Wm., 2d 
Farrar, Daniel 
Farrar, Daniel, Jr. 
Farrar, Samuel 
Forristall, Joseph 
Fairbanks, Cvrus, Jr. 
Flint, Sylvester P 
Fife, Silas 
Fife, Timothy 
Farrar, George 

Farrar, Stephen Newell, Reuben 

Fuller, Isaac Newell, Nathan 

Fuller, Elijah Norton, Asa 

Farrar, (leorge, Jr. Nurse, E1)enezer 

Fuller, Isaac, 2d Nurse, Luther 
Fitts, Rf)bert 
Forristall, Josej^h M.,Jr. Osborn, Jacob 

Garfield, Isaac 
Gerry, Benjamin 
Gray, Joseph 
Gove, Nathaniel 
Godding, Timothy 
Griffin, Wm. 

Harrington, Joshua, Esq. 
Harrington, Joshua, Jr. 
Harrington, Elijah 
Holt, Aaron 
Harris, LidvC 
Hodgkins, Hezekiah 
Hodgkins, Peletiah 
How, Zalmon 
Harris, Stc])hen 

Jackson, Henry 
Jackson, Henry, Jr. 
Jackson, Silas 

Knights, Talmon 
Kendall, Timothy 

Lawrence, Daniel 
Lawrence, John 
Lawrence, Jonathan 
Lawrence, Josiah 
Lawrence, Wm. 
Lawrence, Daniel, Ir. 

Perry, Caleb 
Perkins, Moses 
Perkins, John 
Perkins, Moses, Jr. 

Rich, Ezekicl, Rev. 
Roswood, Lyman 

Spears, Joseph 
Starkey, Samuel 
Starkey, George 
Starkey, Levi 
Starke}', Peter 
Starkey, Peter, Jr. 
Starkey, Nathan 
Starke3^ Calvin 
Starkey, Benjamin 
Starke}^ Enoch 
Sherman, Andrew 
Sibley, Amos 
Stearns, William 
Saunders, David 
Saunders, Levi 
Starkey, John 
Starkey, Lima 
Sergents, John 

Tolman, Benjamin 
Tolman, David 
Tinney, Al)el 
Tolman, Thomas 



Tolman, Henry 

Winch, Calelj 
Winch, Caleb, Jr. 
Winch, Nathan 
Whitney, John, Jr. 

Whitney, John 
Whitney, Charles W 
WHiite, David 
Ward, Levi 
Willard, Aaron 
Whitconil), Zophar 

Wheeler, Silas 
Wright, Lyman 
Whitteniore, Salmon 
Wheeler, Josiah 
Wheeler, Jonathan 




The causes which led to the great American conflict 
are nndoubtedly more or less fainiliar to all; but it ma}- 
be well to briefly mention some of the most important 
factors. The constitution of a free government is such 
that there ever will l)e opposing political parties. - That it 
should be so, perhaps, is better for the human race, for in 
the free discussion of the principles underlying republican 
government lies the liberty of the nation. The history 
of the world proves that there has always been an 
antagonism between freedom and slavery. In America, 
the conflict was started in its incipient stages at the 
formation of the government. As it existed in this 
country, slavery was not a general sv^stem, such as might 
be applied equally to all persons in like conditions, but 
might be called a personal system, it being a relation 
between people of different color — the white man and 
those of African descent. 

The spirit of our laws, brought about by the liberty of 
independence, was that all mankind should be equal and 
should stand together in civil society under laws affecting 
all alike who were in like conditions, yet for a long time 


the ne*^ro race was excepted from the benefits of such a 
system and held as slaves, no satisfactory^ reason being 
given for the exception, only as a profitable investment of 
monej^ in a cheap instrument of labor. It was not the 
fact of a difference in race and color, for other races 
differing in these respects were not excluded from the. 
1)enefits of such a system of laws. It was not their unde- 
veloped condition, for other races ecpially undeveloped 
were admitted to the privileges of our laws. It was not 
because they had thrust themselves into our society 
unfitted for association with us, and thereby to be 
isolated, because they had been brought here against their 
Avill and a price paid for so doing. 

As an object of traffic and a cheap instrument of labor, 
the slave was considered not onh' a convenience but a 
necessity, by the people of the South, and the slave power, 
prompted In- their economic ideas, and the people of the 
North, Controlled by the force of humane ideas, were 
arrayed against each other in a prolonged dual contest ; 
on the one hand for the extension of slavery in the terri- 
tories, in order to secure popular interest and favor, and 
on the other to eliminate it from the system of the 

When Missouri was admitted as one of the States of 
the Union in 1821, there was a long-continued struggle 
between the parties seeking the admission as a slave 
State and those who sought to exclude from her limits 
that institution, which ended in Congress passing a 
measure, which has become famous as the "Missouri com- 
promise," by which slavery was forever inhibited north of 
the line of 36° 30'. 

This measure was recognized by the North as a solemn 
compact never to be broken. But the great mass of the 
Southern people always regarded its terms with disfavor. 


and seemed ready to set it aside if possible when the first 
ofiportunity should present itself. 

Sticli an occasion seemed to present itself upon the 
oro^anization of Kansas and Nebraska as territories in 
1854. For thirty years the "Missouri compromise" had 
deferred the inevitable conflict between the opposing' 
parties, but at this time the measure was disregarded, 
Stephen A. Douglass making the proposition that the 
subject of establishing or excluding slavery be left to the 
decision of the people of these territories. The struggle to 
colonize Kansas was a desperate conflict which assumed 
the character of a partisan warfare, when the most 
inhuman means v^^ere resorted to for the purpose of g'iving 
slavery a permanent foothold there, and those bloody 
scenes had not been forgotten by the liberty-loving people 
of the country when the Territory of Nebraska adopted a 
constitution and asked to Ije admitted to the Union. The 
North was now thoroughly aroiised and made determined 
opposition to the repeal in any measure or degree of the 
compromise in question, and the measure was defeated and 
Nebraska came into the Union a free State. 

Thus matters stood until 1S5G-57, at the lieginning of 
Buchanan's administration, when the Dred Scott decision 
was given out, in which the Supreme Court attacked the 
validity of the "Missouri compromise," saying that one 
of the constitutional functions of Congress was the pro- 
tection of property; that slaves had been recognized as 
pro])erty by the Constitution; and that Congress was 
bound to protect, not to prohibit, slavery in the territories. 

The mass of the Northern people held that slaves were 
looked on by the Constitution, not as property, but as 
persons held to service or labor, by State laws ; that the 
constitutional function of Congress was the protection of 
liberty as well as property; and that Congress was thus 


bound to prohibit, not to protect slavery in the territories. 
Thus the North dissented from the decision of the 
Supreme Court, and the storm of anger it aroused added 
one more step on the road to disunion. 

The underground fires were burning briskly when the 
election of Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency in 1860, 
and his inauguration, March 4th, 1861, caused them to 
burst forth, and was the culminating point in the con- 

This event was interpreted by the slaveholding States 
as meaning a change in the balance of power that would 
secure to the free States a controlling influence in the public 
affairs of the nation. 

A little more than a month after the inauguration of 
President Lincoln, on April 12th, 1861, the signal of war 
Avas given by that act which sent consternation to the 
hearts of all loyal people, the bombardment of Fort 
Sumter, a United States fortress in the harbor of Charleston, 
South Carolina. Three days after, the President of the 
United States issued a proclamation, calling for seventj-- 
five thousand soldiers to enlist for the space of three 
months, it being the opinion of those in authorit}" and 
loyal to the government, that this time would be sufiicient 
for putting an end to the Rebellion. The citizens of Troy 
were not behind their fellow-citizens in manifesting their 
patriotism when the hostile cannon boomed upon Fort 
Sumter, but gave their support to the government. 

Under this call New Hampshire was requested to fur- 
nish one regiment of infantry for three months, and Troy 
furnished one person: "First Regiment N. H. Volunteers. 
Three months. Charles H. Strecter, enlisted May 3, 1861 ; 
mustered out Aug. 9, 1861. Co. G." 

A town meeting Vv^as held May 8, 1861. The town voted 
to ofuarantee to those who enlisted that their wages 


.should be made up to them so that the amount should 
equal twenty dollars per month, and that ten dollars 
should be paid at the time of enlisting, whieh smn should 
be taken from their wages. 

It w^as also voted that a committee be chosen and 
authorized to look after the families of those who should 
enlist and see that they were provided for. This committee 
consisted of David W. Farrar, Edwin Buttrick and Gregory 
Lawrence, and the selectmen were authorized to borrow a 
sum of money, not to exceed five hundred dollars, for the 
purpose of carrying the votes into effect. 

At the session of the Legislature in June, an act was 
passed authorizing cities and towns to aid the families of 
volunteers and for other purposes. At a town meeting 
held Oct. 21, 1861, the selectmen were instructed to use 
any money not otherAvise appropriated, for this purpose, 
or to borrow money if necessary to carry out the provis- 
ions of the act. 

In the selectmen's report to the town at the annual 
meeting, March 11, 1862, the following account was given 
of expenses incurred on account of the war : 


Charles H. Streeter, 
J. F. Capron, 
Frederick P. Cxitler, 
Houghton Lawrence, 
Silas Stickney, 
Oren S. Adams, 













$cS7 (»o 


Henry T. Smith's family, $3C> 00 

vSilas Stickney's family, 19 00 

Warren L. Brown's family, 3G 00 

John Amadou's family, 20 57 


Robert Wheeler's famih^ $36 00 

George Derby's family, 24 00 

$171 57 

July 30, 1862, the following communication was made 
to the Adjutant General at Concord : 

The number of male citizens in the town of Tro\', of the age of eigh- 
teen years and under forty-five years, liable to do military duty, is 
eighty-two. The number who are or have been in the service of the 
United States, is twenty-eight. 

Two have enlisted wdio have not yet been mustered into the United 
States service, and are not included in the above return. 

John Grimes, Town Clerk. 
The following named persons are those who have enlisted in the 
United States service, from the town of Troy, since April 1, 1861. 
Joseph F. Capron. Houghton Lawrence. 

Oren S. Adams. Albert G. Koby. 

Robert Wheeler. James Kaven. 

Samuel Thompson. Lorenzo B. Tolman. 

Silas S. Sticktie}'. William H. Tenney. 

Robert Cosgrove. Center H. Lawrence. 

Frank Pierce. Frederic Cutler. 

Henry Amadon. Patrick McCaffrey. 

James Amadon. Edw^ard Harvey. 

Frederick Lang. George Derby. 

Charles H. Streeter. Henry T. Smith. 

John Amadon. Frederic Lawrence. 

Nelson Haskell. Daniel Fiske. 

Ezekiel Haskell. Lemuel W. Brown. 

John C. Alkxandek, | Selectmen 
Edmund Bemis, f of 

Augustus Hodgkins, ' Troy. 

At a town meeting held Aug. 27, 1862, it was voted 
that each recruit or volunteer for the war who was ac- 
cepted and mustered into the United Strifes service, for the 
term, unless sooner discharged, be paid the sum of one hun- 
dred dollars, and that if the town was called upon to 
furnish men to fill up the old regiments, the suin of fifty 


dollars be paid in addition, making a total of one hundred 
and fifty dollars. 

It was also voted to pay to those enlisting for three 
months, a bounty of one hundred dollars, and that their 
wages be made up to twenty dollars per month for the 
time they serve; and the selectmen were authorized to 
borrow a sum of money sufficient to meet these calls, not to 
exceed three thousand dollars. 

The bounty was limited to the number required to fill 
the quota of the town, and was not to be paid until the 
men were mustered into service, and no man was to 
receive a bounty that received a commission before leaving 
the state. Accordingly the following volunteers for three 
years received the bounty : 

William Barnes, 
Charles H. Barrett, 
Sidney E. Tolman, 
Edward F. Fuller, 
Simeon Alerritield, 
Frank Shattuck, 
Frank Burress, 
Frank Laraby, 
Daniel Harris, 
Daniel L. Barnard, 
Charles Lang, 
Curtis A. Whitteniore, 


Lorenzo Dexter, $1'*<* '"* 
John Lano, lUO UU 

Patrick Shehan, 100 00 

Joseph H. Hill, I"" <»<' 

Francis S. Piper, 100^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^ 

During the year ending March 1, 1863, the f^imilics of 
volunteers reported as receiving pecuniary assistance, were : 

























$1,'J()() 00 
































$1,015 27 


Robert Wheeler's family, 
George \Y. Derby's family, 
Lemuel W. Brown's family, 
Silas Stickney's family, 
Henr\' Smith's family, 
James Kavanaugh's family, 
Frederick Lawrence's family, 
Daniel L. Barnard's family, 
Frank Shattuck's family, 
Frank Bnrress' famih', 
Patrick Shehan's famih', 
Simeon Merrifield's famih', 
Charles H. Barrett's famih', 
Lorenzo Dexter's famih', 
John Lang's family, 
John Amadon's ftimily. 

The return made to the Adjutant General, April 27, 
1863, gives the number of men who \vere or had been in 
the United States service, as forty-eight. Of this number, 
one had entered the service in another state, three had 
died and nine had been discharged. 

A draft was made in September, 1863; sixtA'-eight names 
were in the box and the following twenty drawn out : 

George Brown. Edward S. Foster. 

Joel O. Blanding. Franklin Whitcomb. 

William J. Bo^'den. Hervey J. Brown. 

Levi Merrifield. Charles W. Whitney'. 

Frederick Lang. Daniel B. Silsby. 

Ira G. Starkey. Jonas Foster. 

Robert F. Boyce. Willitim Butler. 

Daniel P. Thompson. Hezekiah Hodgkins. 

I'rancis L. Clark. Jose])h Tnpper. 

George I. Ripley. Edward W. Sutton. 

Either because the quota of the town was already- filled, 
or for other reasons, these men were not reqiiired to serve, 
and we have a record of onlv one sending a substitute. 


Sept. 21, 1<S63. — "Voted, That the town pay the 
drafted men, who are or may hereafter be drafted for three 
years, or their substitutes, on or after bein^^ mustered into 
the United States service ten days, three hundred dollars." 

The selectmen were instructed to borrow a sum for the 
purpose of carrying the foregoing vote into effect, not to 
exceed four thousand dollars, and were given authoritj^ to 
raise an additional sum, if necessary, not to exceed five 
thousand dollars. 

Another meeting was held Dec. 5, 1863, when it was 
voted that the selectmen pa}- the citizens of the town who 
shall enlist for three years (until the quota is filled), three 
hundred dollars, on being accepted and mustered into 
service. It was also voted that the town assume the 
responsibility of pa^'ing the United States and State 
bounties to those citizens who should enlist, on being 
mustered into service, and the selectmen were instructed 
to borrow ten thousand dollars for the purpose. 

It was also voted that the selectmen hire recruits out 
of town, if it could be done satisfactorily, to help make 
up the quota of the town. 

The selectmen's rejDort for the year ending March 1, 
1864, shows that the following volunteers for three years 
were paid bounties : 

Jesse Hiscock, $700 00 

Lyman Spooner, 

John Mahoney, 

Peter Morel, 

John Johnson, 

John Douglass, 

Charles Anderson, 

John Collin, 

John Daniels, 

Evan Crook, 

George W. Clark, 

700 00 

570 00 

570 00 

570 00 

570 00 

570 00 

570 00 

570 00 

570 00 

100 00 

$6,060 00 












The following; nine months volunteers were paid boun- 
ties in accordance with the vote passed in 1862, to make 
their \vages equal t^venty dollars per month for the time 
they served : 

Joseph H. Hill, 

Francis S. Piper, 

Patrick Shehati, 

John Lang, 

Lorenzo Dexter, 

$2(')6 OO 

Boimties ])aid to drafted men or their substitutes : John 
Esintrant, as a substitute for Daniel P. Thompson, three 
hundred dollars. 

The soldiers' families aided during the j-ear w^ere as 
follows : 

Simeon Merrifield's family, 

Charles H. Barrett's family. 

James Kavanangh's family, 

John Amadon's family, 

Frank Shattuck's family, 

Samuel Thompson's family, 

Patrick Shehan's family, 

Lorenzo Dexter 's family, 

Levi Streeter's family, 

Daniel L. Barnard's famih-, 

Silas Stickne_v's family, 

Lemuel \V. Brown's famih-, 

John Lang's family, 

Robert Wheeler's family, 

Lyman Spooner's famih-, 

May 7, 1864. The town voted: 

To pay the men that have already enlisted into the United States 
service under the present call for two hundred thousand men, three 
litindred dollars. 

July 30, 1864. The town voted : 

That we pay volunteers, or enrolled men, or their substitutes, one 































$1,215 00 


hundred dollars for one \-car, and a corresponding sum for the number 
of 3'ears they may enlist, not exceeding three, if they are accepted and 
mustered into service, to fill up the cpiota of the town under the present 
call for live hundred thousand men, to be paid when mustered into 

That we pav the drafted men or their substitutes, two hundred dollars, 
to be paid as soon as mustered into service. 

That the selectmen borrow a sum not exceeding six thousand five 
hundred dollars for the purpose. 

To choose an agent to procure substitutes, and chose E^dmund Bemis 
as said agent. 

September 5, 1864. The town voted: 

To ]iay any tliat may vohniteer from this town, to fill the quota 
vmder the late call for five hundred thousand men, the sum of three 
hundred dollars in currenc\' for one A'car. 

The following volunteers were paid bounties for one 
year's enlistment : 

Nelson E. Haskell, $300 00 

Albert Cobb, 300 00 

George H. Kinsman, 300 00 

Robert M. Silsby, 300 00 

George W. Tupper, 300 00 

Jonas R. Foster, 300 00 

George J. Ripley. 300 00 

John H. Burrill, 300 00 

Danvers C. Fassett, 300 00 

Joel Holt, 2d, 300 00 

Oren S. Adams, 300 00 

Frank E. Amadou, 300 00 

Lorenzo Dexter, bountA- as a nine months 

man for 1862, 70 01 

$3,670 01 

The following men were drafted : Nathan Carter, Alvah 
S. Clark, Henry W. Farrar, Thomas Goodall, F. B. For- 
ristall, William O. Silsby, Leonard Wright. The\- furnished 
substitutes who were paid bounties as follows : 


■ Thomas Bruce, $300 00 

George Wallace, 300 00 

Daniel Smith, 300 00 

Ernest Beard, 300 00 

Allen McLeod, 300 00 

Francis Page, 300 00 

George Harris, 300 00 

$2,100 00 

The soldiers' families aided during the year closing 
March 1, 1865, were as follows: 

Simeon Merrificld's family, $144 00 

Charles H. Barrett's family, 96 00 

James Kavanaugh's family, 40 00 

Lemuel W. Brown's family, 108 00 

Levi Streeter's famih-, 96 00 

Frank vShattuck's family, 48 00 

Daniel L. Barnard's family, 48 00 

Lyman Spooner's family, 48 00 

John Amadou's family, 8 00 

Danvers C. Fassett's family, 72 00 

George J. Ripley's family, 66 80 

Robert Wheeler's family, 108 00 

WilHam Barnes' family, 88 00 

William Barnes' family, for 1863, 78 00 

$1,048 80 

The selectmen's report for the year ending March 3, 
1866, gives the following list of bounties paid to volun- 
teers for one year: 

Samuel M. Thompson, $300 00 

Sidney B. Bowen, 300 00 

Lucius H. Clement, 300 00 

Ezekiel Haskell, 300 00 

Town of Rindge, for Frank Pierce, .'too oo 

$1,500 00 

The soldiers' families aided during the ^-ear were: 

George J. Ripley's family, $44 00 

Levi Streeter's family, 32 00 

Oren S. Adams' familv, 40 39 


Daniel L. Barnard's family, 
Frank Shattuck's family, 
Simeon Merrifield's famiW, 
Danvers C. Fassett's famiW, 
L3'man Spooner's family, 
Samuel IVI. Thompson's family, 
Betse\' B. Amadou, 
William Barnes' family, 
Charles H. Barrett's family-. 

The disbursements on account of the ^var, during each 
year, \vere as folloAArs : 

1862. Bounty paid to soldiers, $87 00 

Aid to families of volunteers, 171 57 

$258 57 

$8 00 

17 00 

30 40 

42 00 

17 07 

48 00 

19 87 

32 00 

16 00 

$346 73 

1863. Bounties paid volunteers, $1,200 00 

Bounties paid nine months men, 500 00 

Aid to soldiers' families, 1,015 27 

$2,715 27 

1864. Bounties paid volunteers. $6,060 00 
Bounties paid nine months men, 266 00 
Bounties paid drafted men or sub- 
stitutes, 300 00 

Aid to soldiers' families, 1,215 00 

Expense, seleetmen to Concord, 15 35 

1865. Bounties paid volunteers for one 

year, $3,760 01 

Bounties paid drafted men and 

substitutes, 2,100 00 

Aid to soldiers' families, 1,048 80 

Edmund Bemis, for ear fare and 
expense paid by him for his ex- 
pense and the expense and car 
fare of volunteers to Concord to 
enlist, 84 91 

Edmund Bemis, expense to Leba- 
non and Concord, t^eltin.^ volun- 
teers and sul)stitntes, 42 .'!! 
Expense sundry persons to Leljanou, 21 OO 

$7,856 35 

$7,057 03 


1866. Bounties paid volunteers, $1,500 00 

Aid to soldiers' families, 3-46 73 

Expense of men to Leljanon for 

enlistment, 13 94- 

$1,860 67 

$19,74.7 89 

Thus we see the total expense of the town 

to have been $19,74-7 89 

Of this sura, bounties reimbursed by 

the vState and the United States, $3,912 00 

Received from State, aid to families, 2,655 52 

$6,567 52 

Total expenditure of the town, $13,180 37 

The selectmen's report for the year ending March 1, 
1894, gives the amount due from the United States Gov- 
ernment for bounties advanced as $1,380.00. 

The original papers relating to the mustering in and 
assignment of boimties of those who went from this town, 
were unfortunately lost many years since, but the follow- 
ing record gives the names and history so far as it could 
lie obtained, of the citizens of Troy who served during the 
four years' War of the Rebellion, and is believed to be 
nearly an accurate and authentic list : 

Adams, Oren S., Company' A, Seeond Regiment. Enlisted Sept. 11, 1861 ; 
mustered in Sept. 17, 1861, as a jjrivate; discharged, disabled. May 

30, 1863, Concord ; reenlisted, and mustered in for one year, Jan. 

31, 1865; assigned to Company C; appointed sergeant. May 1, 
1865; discharged, Dec. 4, 1865. Also served in Company E, First 
Vermont Infantry; enlisted April 19, 1861, for three months; mustered 
out Aug. 15, 1861. 

Amadou, John, Company F, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 7, 1861; 
mustered in Nov. 28, 1861; died of disease, Jan. 15, 1862, on board 
steamer "Louisiana," Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina. 

Amadon, Frank E., Company I, Eighteenth Regiment. Enlisted and 
mustered in March 1, 1865, for one year; mustered out Juh' 29, 1865. 


Anderson, Charles, Company K, Ninth Regiment. Mustered in Dec. 23, 
1863; supposed to have deserted en route to the regiment. 

Barnard, Daniel L., Company I, Ninth Regiment. Enhsted July 22, 1862; 
mustered in Aug. 15, 1862; discharged June 15, 1865, to date June 
10, 1865; Concord. Died Dec. 24-, 1889, Woburn, Mass. 

Barrett, Charles H., Company C, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 
30, 1862; mustered in Sept. 22, 1862. as a musician; mustered oiit 
July 8, 1865. Killed at Stoddard. 

Barnes, William, Company C, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted Sept. 1, 
1862; mustered in Sept. 22, 1862; discharged Aug. 18, 1865, at 

Barnes, Frank, Company C, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 25, 
1862; mustered in Sept. 22, 1862; deserted Jan. 14, 1863, Pooles- 
ville, Md. 

Bowen, Sidney B., Company- I, Third Regiment. Enlisted March 20, 
1865, for one year; mustered in March 20, 1865; mustered out July 
20, 1865. 

Brown, Lemuel W., Company F, Second Regiment United States Sharp- 
shooters. Enlisted Oct. 9, 1861; mvistered in Nov. 26, 1861; 
transferred to Invalid Corps July 1, 1863; discharged Nov. 26, 
1864, Washington, D. C. Died at Troy, Aug. 30, 1890. 

Bruce, Thomas, Companj^ I, Ninth Regiment. Enlisted and mustered in 
July 9, 1864; deserted Feb. 10, 1865, City Point, Va., en route to 
regiment. Substitute for Nathan Carter. 

Burde, Ernest, Company K, Eleventh Regiment. Enlisted Jidy 22, 1864; 
substitute for Thomas Goodall; missing at Poplar Spring Chxirch, 
Va., Sept. 30, 1864. 

Burrill, John H, Company C, Second Regiment. Reenlistcd and mustered 
in for one year, Feb. 1, 1865; mustered out Dec. 19, 1865. 

Burress, Frank. 

Capron, Joseph F., Company A, Second Regiment. Enlisted April 25, 
1861, for three months; not mustered in; paid by the State; reen- 
listcd May 22, 1861, for three years; mustered in May 31, 1861; 
discharged, disabled, Oct. 22, 1861, Washington, I). C; reenlistcd in 
Dec, 1863, into the First Regiment Connecticut Cavalry. Died at 
Troy, Feb. 13, 1892. 

Clark, George W., Company A, Second Regiment. Enlisted Ajjril 17, 1863; 
mustered in April 18, 1863; discharged, disabled, Sept. 22, 1863, F'red- 
erick City, Md. Died at Troy, Jan. 1, 1864. 


Clement, Lucius H., Coin])anv I, Third Regiment. Enlisted and mustered 
in March 20, 1865, for one year. Died of disease, Jtd3- 4-, 1S65, Golds- 
borough, N. C. 

Co))]}, Albert, Com])an3- E, First Regiment, Heavy Artillery. Enlisted 
Sept. 1, 1864-, for one yeiir; mustered in Sept. 5, 1S64; mustered out 
Jime 15, 1865. 

C(jllins, John, Company D, Ninth Regiment. Enlisted and mustered in 
Dec. 23, 1863; killed May 12, 1864., Spottsylvania, Va. 

Cosgrove, Robert, Company F, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 14, 1861 ; 
mustered in Dec. 3, 1861; wounded Aug. 30, 1862, lUiU Run, Va. ; 
discluirged, disabled, Jan. 5, 1863, Alexandria, \'i\. ; also served in 
Comj^any F, Third Battalion, Fifteenth Infantry, U. S. A. ; enlisted 
Dec. 20, 1864, for three years; a])])ointed corporal; discharged, dis- 
abled, June 14, 1867, Atlanta, Ga. Died Feb. 16, 1892, at National 
Military Home, Indiana. 

Crook, Evan, Company D, Ninth Regiment. Enlisted tmd mustered in 
Dec. 23, 1863; deserted April 24, 1864, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Cutler, Frederick P., CompauA' H, Second Regiment. Enlisted Sept. 6, 
1861; mustered in Sept. 17, 1861; discharged, disabled. March 26, 
1863, Philadelphia, Pa. Died at Troy, Ai)ril 12, 1892. 

Daniels, John, Company D, Ninth Regiment. Enlisted and mustered in 
Dec. 23, 1863; wounded find missing. May 12, 1864, Spottsylvania, 
Va. ; gained from missing; deserted Jan. 10, 1865, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Derby, George W., Company F, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 14, 1861; 
mustered in Nov. 28, 1861; appointed corporal, Feb. 21, 1862; ser- 
geant; drowned Aug. 13, 1862, by foundering of steamer "West 
Point," in Potomac river. 

Dexter, Lorenzo, Company I, Sixteenth Regiment. Enlisted Sept. 5, 
1862; mustered in Oct. 23, 1862; mustered out Aug. 20, 1863. 
Died at Troy, Sept. 21, 1892. 

Douglass, John, Comjjany F, Ninth Regiment. Enlisted and mustered in 
Dec. 23, 1863; transferred to Department of Northwest, 1864; tem- 
porarily assigned to Compan}' F, Twenty-Third Veteran Reserve 
Corps, Dec. 16, 1864; died of disease, Feb. 15, 1865, at Milwaukee, Wis. 

Esintrant, John, Company E, Fifth Regiment. Enlisted and mustered in 
Oct. 1, 1863, as substitute for Daniel P. Thompson; wounded June 
18, 1864, Petersburg, Va. ; entered Mower (General Hospital, Phila- 
delphia, Pa., Oct. 19, 1864; transferred to Trenton, X. J., Feb. 16, 
1865. No further record. 


Fassett, Danvers C, Company- E, First Regiment, Heavy Artillery. En- 
listed Sept. 1, 1864-, for one year; mustered in Sept. 5, 1864- ; mus- 
tered out June 15, 1865. 

Fisk, Daniel M., Company F, Sixth Reopment. Enlisted Oet. IS, 1861 ; 
mustered in Nov. 28, 1861 ; killed Sept. 17, 1862, Antietam, Va. 

Foster, Jonas R., Company E, First Re.i^iment Heavy Artillery. Enlisted 
Sept. 1, 1S64-, for one 3'ear; mustered in Sept. 5, 1864; mustered out 
June 15, 1865. 

Fuller, Edward F., Company C, Fourteenth Reo-iment. Enlisted Aug. 
14, 1862; mustered in Sept. 22, 1862; mustered out July 8, 1865. 
Died Aug. 5, 1889, Lynn, Mass. 

Harris, Daniel, Company C, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 21, 
1862; mustered in Sept. 23, 1862; woimded Oet. 19, 1864, Cedar 
Creek, Va.; mustered out July 8, 1865. Died June 6, 1872, Winehen- 
don, Mass. 

Harris, George, Eleventh Regiment. Enlisted Juh' 22, 1864; mustered 
in July 23, 1864; substitute for Leonard Wright. Deserted en route 
to regiment. 

Harvey, Edward W., Company' A, Second Regiment. Enlisted Sept. 2, 
1861; mustered in Sept. 8, 1861; discharged by civil authority Nov. 
12, 1861, Bladensburg, Md. 

Haskell, Ezekiel, Company F, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 1, 1861; 
mustered in Nov. 28, 1861 ; transferred to Com])any G, Seventh In- 
valid Corps, Dee. 19, 1863; discharged Nov. 28, 1864, Washington, 
D. C; enlisted in CompauA' \, Third Regiment, March 20, 1865, for 
one vear; mustered out July 20, 1865. Died at Troy, Sept. 23, 1884. 

Haskell, Nelson E., Companv F, Fifth Regiment. Enlisted and mustered 
in Oct. 23, 1861; wounded June 1, 1862, Fair Oaks, Va.; dischnrged, 
disabled. Dee. 27, 1862, Alexandria, Va.; enhsted in Troo]) H, First 
Regiment, New Hampshire Cavalry-; mustered in March 24, 1864; 
deserted Aug. 12, 1864; returned under president's proelrimation. 
Mar. 31, 1865; mustered out July 15, 1865. 

Hill, Joseph H., Company- I, Sixteenth Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 9, 1862; 
mustered in Oct. 23, 1862; mustered out Aug. 20, 1863. 

Hiscock, Jesse, Co. F, Sixth Regiment. liiilisted and mustered in Dec. 
25, 1863; mustered out July 17, 1865. Died at Troy, Oet. 13, 1895. 

Holt, Joel, 2d, Troo]) G, First Regiment, New Hampshire Cavalry. En- 
listed and mustered in Aug. 16, 1864, for one year; discharged June 
5, 1865, Washington, D. C. Died at (nithrie, O. T., April 27, 1892. 


Johnson, John, Company F, Ninth Kej^inient. EnHstcd and mustered in 
Dec. 23, 1863; deserted May 30, 1S65, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Kavanangh, James. 

Kavan, James, Cf)mpan\' C, Third Rejii-iment. EnHsted and mustered in 
March 25, 1862; discharged, disal^led, May 9, 1863, Hilton Head, vS. C. 

Kingsman, George H., Coni])an3' E, First Regiment, Heavy Artiller}'. 
Enlisted Sept. 1, 1864, for one 3-ear; mustered in Sept. 5, 1864; 
mustered out June 15, 1865. 

Lang, John F., Company I, Sixteenth Regiment. EnHsted Sept. 19, 
1862; mustered in Oct. 23, 1862; mustered out Aug. 20, 1863. 

Lang, Charles, Company L Ninth Regiment. Enlisted July 22, 1862; 
mustered in Aug. 15,1862; transferred to Company E, Second Artil- 
lery, United States Army, Oct. l-l, 1862; re-transferred May 26, 
1865; mustered out June 10, 1865. 

Laraby, Frank, Company- C, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 25, 
1862; miTstered in Sept. 22, 1862; deserted Feb. 3, 1863, Pooles- 
ville, Md. 

Lawrence, Center H., Company A, Second Regiment. Evulisted May 2, 
1861, for three months; not mustered in; reenlisted May 22, 1861, 
for three years ; mustered in May 31, 1861, as sergeant; appointed 
sergeant major Aug. 21, 1861; adjutant Oct. 26, 1861; discharged 
Oct. 31, 1861, to accept promotion. Subsecpient service, captain; 
assistant adjutant general. United States Volunteers; brevet major 
United States Volunteers, to date March 13, 1865, for gallant and 
meritorious services during the war. 

Lawrence, Houghton, Company D, Second Regiment. Enlisted Sept. 6, 
1861 ; mustered in Sejit. 17, 1861; discharged, disabled, July 11, 1862. 
Died at Troy, April 10, 1884. 

McCaffrey, Patrick, Company F, Second Regiment. Enlisted IVIa^* 6, 

1861, for three months; not mustered in; reenlisted May 22, 1861, 
for three years; mustered in June 4, 1861; died of disease, Juh' 8, 

1862, Bladensburg, Md. 

McLeod, Allan, Company L Fifth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 24, 1864; 
substitute for F. B. Forristall; discharge to date Dec. 14, 1864. 

Morel, Peter, Company D, Ninth Regiment. Enlisted and mustered in 
Dec. 23, 1S63; deserted Feb. 18, 1864, Camp Burnside, Ky. 

Mahoney, John, Company D, Ninth Regiment. Enlisted and mustered in 
Dec. 23, 1863 ; wounded May 18, 1864, Spottsylvania, Va. ; trans- 
ferred to Company- D, Sixth Regiment, June 1, 1865; mustered out 
July 17, 1865. 


Merrifield, Simeon, Conipanv A, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 14, 

1862; mustered in vSept. 22, 1S62; mustered out May 17, 1865. 
Page, Francis, Conqiany A, lilcventh Regiment. Enlisted July 2+, 1864-; 

substitute for William (i. Silsby, transferred to Company F", Sixth 

Regiment, June 1, 1865; miistered out July 17, 1865. 
Philbrick, Charles W. Enlisted Aug. 11, 1862; mustered in Sept. 22, 

1862; mustered out July 8, 1865. 
Pierce, William L., Company E, First Regiment. Eidisted and mustered 

in Jimc 1, 1861; mustered out Aug. 9, 1861; seryed in band. Died 

July 27, 1878, Alilford. 
Pierce, Frank, Comjjany F, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted Noy. 15, 1861; 

mustered in Nov. 28, 1861; wounded Aug. 29, 1862, Bull Run, Va.; 

appointed coi-poral Sept. 1, 1862; sergeant; reenhsted and mustered 

in Dec. 22, 1863; appointed first lieutenant Company' B June 1, 1865; 

mustered out July 17, 1865. 
Piper, Francis S., Company I, Sixteenth Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 8, 1862; 

mustered in Oct. 22, 1862. Died of disease Aug. 16, 1863, Memphis, 

Ripley, George J., Company A, Eighteenth Regiment. Enlisted Sept. 5, 

1864, for one \'ear; mustered in Sept. 13, 1864, as corjioral ; reduced 

to ranks April 27, 1865; discharged June 25, 1865, Manchester, N. H. 
Roby, Joseph A., Company F, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 14, 1861; 

mustered in Noy. 28, 1861; ap])ointed cor])oral March 1, 1863; ser- 
geant May 1, 1863; mustered out Nov. 28, 1864. 
Shattuck, Frank, Comjiany C, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 28, 

1862; mustered in Sept. 22, 18(>2; mustered out July 8, 1865. 
Shehan, Patrick, Company I, Sixteenth Regiment. Enlisted Sept. 11, 

1862; mustered in Oct. 23, 1862; mustered out Aug. 20, 1863. 
Silsbv, Robert M., Company E, First Regiment Heavy Artillery. Enlisted 

Aug. 30, 1864, for one year; mustered in Sept. 5, 1864; mustered 

out June 15, 1865. 
Smith, Daniel, Unassigned Eleventh Regiment. Mustered in July 23, 

1864; substitute for Henry W. Farrar; deserted en route to regi- 
Smith, Henry, Company F, Fifth Regiment. linlislcd and mustered in 

Oct. 23, 1861 ; discharged, disabled, Oct. 27, 1862, Washington, D. C. 
Sticknev, Silas S., Comjiany D, Second Regiment. Enlisted vSe]it. 3, 1861 ; 

mustered in vSc]3t. 17, 1861; wounded severely July 2, 1S63; died of 

wounds July 15, 1863, Gettysburg, Pa. 


Streeter, Charles H., Company G, First Regiment. Enlisted April 20, 
1861 ; mustered in May 2, 1861 ; discharged Aug. 9, 1861 ; enlisted 
Sept. 5, 1861, in Company C, Second Regiment; mustered in Sept. 
17, 1861; apjiointed corporal; recnlisted and mustered in Jan. 1, 
1864; credited to ' Portsmouth ; appointed sergeant Juh' 1, 1864; 
first sergeant Nov. 30, 1864; sergeant-major March 17, 1865; first 
lieutenant Company A, Ma\- 1, 1865; transferred to Company E; 
discharged Aug. 16, 1865. 

Spooner, L3'man, Company C, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted and mus- 
tered in Dec. 29, 1863; died July 7, 1865, Savannah, Ga. Buried in 
national cemeter\', Beaufort, S. C; grave No. 1399. 

Thompson, Samuel M., Company I, Third Regiment. Enlisted March 
20, 1865, for one year; mustered out July 20, 1865. Also served in 
Company- F, Sixth Regiment, credited Richmond ; enlisted Oct. 12, 
1861; mustered in Nov. 28, 1861, as corjioral; appointed sergeant 
Julv 1, 1862; first sergeant Sept. 1, 1862; second lieutenant Feb. 3, 
1863; discharge to date April 29, 1863. 

Tolman, Lorenzo F., Company- F, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted Dec. 2, and 
mustered in Dec. 3, 1861; reenlisted and mustered in Jan. 29, 1864; 
credited Stratford; appointed corporal; wounded Jnne 20, 1864, at 
Petersburg, Va. ; appointed sergeant July 1, 1865; mustered out Julj- 
17, 1865. 

Tolman, Sidney E., Company C, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 
15, 1862; mustered in Sept. 22, 1862; discharged, disabled, July 20, 
1863, Washington, D. C. 

Tupper, George W., Com])any E, First Regiment, Heavy Artillery. En- 
listed Sept. 1, 1864, for one year; mustered in Sept. 5, 1864; mus- 
tered out Jvme 15, 1865. 

Wallace, George, Company- E, Fifth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 6, 1864 ; 
mustered in Aug. 7, 1864; substitute for Alvah S. Clark; mustered 
out June 28, 1865. 

Wheeler, Robert A., Company- F, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted Nov. 19, 
1861 ; mustered in Nov. 28, 1861 ; mustered out Nov. 28, 1864. 

Whittemore, Curtis A., Comjiany A, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 
15, 1862; mustered in Sept. 22, 1862; mustered out July 8, 1865. 
Died Sept. 11, 1867, Fitchburg, Mass. 

Among those living in Tro\' but who were credited to 
other towns, were the following: 


Amadou, Henry J., Company F, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 7, 1861; 
mustered in Nov. 28, 1861; wounded at SpottS3'lvania, Va., May 13, 
1864; mustered out Nov. 28, 1864. Died at Troy July 27, 1867; 
credited to Fitzwilliam. 

Amadou, James 0., Keene Volunteers. Enlisted April 23, 1861 ; reeulisted 
MaA' 21, 1861, for three years; no further record. Served in a 
private capacity through the war. 

Capron, George L, Com])any C, Fourteenth Kegiment. Enlisted Aug. 11, 
1862; discharged July 8, 1865. Died at Troy Nov. 17, 1868; cred- 
ited to Swanze3\ 

Fisk, Asa B., Company F, Sixth Kegiment. Eidisted Oct. 16, .1861 ; 
mustered in Nov. 28, 1861; wounded Aug. 29, 1862, Bull Run, Va.; 
discharged, disabled, Nov. 5, 1862, Alexandria, Va.; credited to Fitz- 

Lcing, Frederick. Served in Twentieth Indiana. 

Lawrence, Frederick C, Company F, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 17, 
1861; mustered in Nov. 28, 1861; discharged, disabled, Jan. 2, 1863, 
Baltimore, Md. Died at Troy Jan. 25, 1863; credited to Fitzwilliam. 

Lawrence, Alfred, Troop C, First Regiment, New Hampshire Cavalry. 
Enlisted April 19, 1864.; captured June 29, 1864, Ream's vStation, Va. 
Died of starvation Aug. 19, 1864, at Anderson ville, Ga.; grave No. 
6144; credited to Marlborough. 

Tupper, Alonzo W., Com])any A, Fourteenth Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 
14, 1862; wounded at Cedar Creek Oct. 19, 1864; discharged July 
8, 1865. Died at Millers Falls, Mass., June 2, 1874; credited to 

The number of men furnished under the different calls 
of the President, were as foUows: April, 1861, two; July, 
1861, twent\^-six; July, 1862, eighteen; August, 1862, 
thirteen; February, 1864, two; July, 1864, fourteen; De- 
cember, 1864, seven, making a total of eighty-two. 

Most of those who served in the ninth regiment were 
hired volunteers, procured from other places, or through 
the recruiting stations at Concord or Lebanon. At this 
time and during the year 1864, it was very difficult to 
procure citizens of the town, to fill the quotas recpiired of 
the town, and in accordance with a vote of the town 


passed at a meetiiio: held Dec. 5, 1863, the selectmen hired 
men to fill up the quotas as necessary. In addition to the 
bounties paid b^' the town, the selectmen were obliged to 
pay in cash, the bounties offered b}- the United States and 
the state of New Hampshire, the men thus hired trans- 
ferring or assigning their bounties to the town. 

There is reported as one of the unavailable assets of 
the town, the sum of thirteen hundred and eighty dollars, 
due from the United States, for bounties thus paid and 
which were not refunded, on account of the loss of the 
assignments before the final settlement with the govern- 
ment, was made. 

Deducting the number of volimteers hired and those 
who served as substitutes, it makes the number of actual 
residents of the to^vn who served in the war aljout seventy. 

The soldiers from Troy were fortunate in that the num- 
ber killed or dying, was not as large proportionately, as 
in other places. This was not because they were not effi- 
cient soldiers, or because they were not found in jilaces of 
exposure or danger. Of the number, two were killed, John 
Collin and Daniel AI. Fisk; one died of wounds received, 
Silas S. Stickney ; one was drowned, George W. Derby; 
four died of disease, John Amadou, Alfred Lawrence, Pat- 
rick McCaffrey and Lyman S])ooner. The three last named 
were buried on southern soil. Several died soon after 
reaching home of disease contracted in the service. 

The first soldier to be brought here for burial was 
Luther AV. Fassett, brother of D. C. Fassett, who enlisted 
in Company E, Second Regiment, from Winchester, and 
who was killed b^^ a rebel guerilla at Evansport, Va., 
April 2, 1862. Fassett, with others, had been engaged in 
digging for a gun that had been buried by the rebels, after 
being abandoned. He, with a companion, started back 
from where the men were engaged in digging, to procure 


some shovels which were stored in a ])nikliii<>" about a 
mile away. They were met by three rebels in citizens' 
clothes, who had been skulking in the bushes, and who 
confronted them with loaded carbines. Fassett immedi- 
ately surrendered, but notwithstanding this, they sent a 
bullet through his body, while his comrade made good his 
escape, and the guerillas eluded all efforts to capture them. 
Tl3e following have become residents of the town since 
the war, who served from other towns or in other states : 

Adams, lulward F., Company li, vSixtli Kcs^imcnt. Enlisted Oct. 21), 1S()1; 
a])i)()intc(] corporal Nov. 2cS, l.SGl ; sergeant Dec. 1, 1S()L'; lirst ser- 
.Hcant Jan. 1, 1868; first lieutenant Oct. 81, 1808; captain April 20, 
1S(;4; discharj^ed Jan. G, lS(i5. Captain Adams was witii tlic rci^i- 
ment in all its Ijattles up to the time he was mustered out, and was 
pi-omoted through the grades of corporal, sergeant and lieutenant to 
that of captain. 
' A])plin Charles R., Company B, F^ifth Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 2, ISGl ; 
mustered in Nov. 2G, ISGl, in Company F", Second United States 
Sharpshooters; reenlisted Dec. 21,1<SG8; mustered in Dec. 2;"), l>S(i8; 
transferred to Fifth New Hampshire Volunteers Jan. 80, 1SG5; assigned 
to Company R, June 17, 1865; mustered out June 28, 1865. 

Brooks, Irving. Thirty -.sixth Unattached Massachusetts. 

Dort, Asti C, Company D, First New Hampshire Cavalry. Enlisted 
April 2'J, 18(54-; discharged July 15, 1865. Quartermaster sergeant. 

Dean, John R., Seventh Vermont. 

Foster, Andrew, Fifty-third Massachusetts Volunteers. Died Ajjril 2, 

Foster, Joseph M., Fifth Vermont. 

C.ove, Charles H., Company C, Fourteenth Regiment. linlisted Aug. 12, 
18(52; discharged Juh' 8, 1865. 

Lahiff, Thomas J., Troop A, First New Hampshire Cavalry, linlistcd 
March 10, 1864; discharged May 20, 1865. 

Moulton, Edward W., Eleventh Vermont. 

Maddox, George F., United States Navy. Steamer "Colorado." 

Nash, (Jhver L., Company F, vSixth Regiment. Enhsted Nov. 28, 18(51; 
wounded Aug. 29, 1862; discharged for disability, Dec. 22, 18(52. 

Rice, Nelson E., Third Vermont. 


Ruffles, Josiah, Comptim- A, Second ReL;iiiieiit. Enlisted Aug. 29, 1861 ; 
recniisted Sept. lS(i2, into Company K, Fourth United States Artil- 
lery. Keenlisted lSG-4, at Brandy Station, \'a. ; diseliariiecl at Fort 
Delaware, Del., Feb. 11, 1SG7. 

Seljastian Charles N., Coni])any .\, Second Kej;inient. luilisted May 31, 
ISGI. Eidisted Aug. 1S62, in Company II, Twenty-third Massachu- 
setts Volunteers; reenlisted in same compan\- and regiment, Dec. 
1863; discharged July 31, 1S65. Was in Liljhy prison. Old Parish 
prison. New Orleans, ;ind Salisbiu'y i)rison, X. C, ior alxnit £i ye^ir. 

Thompson, Charles E., Seventeenth Massachu.setts Vohinteers. 

Whitcomb, Oliver P., Comjjany F, Fifth Regiment. linlisted as substi- 
tute Aug. 11, 1S64; assigned to Company D; credited to (iroton; 
discharged June 28, 1865. 




It has been previously stated that Sir Ferdinando 
Ooroes and Ca])t. John Mason obtained from tlie Conncil 
of Plymouth, in 1622, a ^rant of the territory extending 
from the Merrimack to the Sagadahock, and back to the 
great lakes and river of Canada — the St. Lawrence; also, 
that Rev. John Wheelwright and others, in 1029, ])ur- 
chased of the Indians a considerable tract of land between 
the Piscataquii and Merrimack; and further, that Mason 
alone, shortly after, ol)tained a new grant of this very 
same territory. Some account has been given of the efforts 
of Mason and his heirs to maintain their title to the ter- 
ritory. On the 30th of January, 174-6, John Tufton 
Mason, who was then considered to be the legal heir to 
the soil, sold his interest to a company of twelve men, in 
Portsmouth, denominated the " Masonian Pr<)])rietors." 
It is also shown that the townships in the vicinity of 
Monadnock were granted by these Masonian Proprietors. 
It may not be well understood how the original grant to 
Mason could be made to include the territory so tar west 
as the Monadnock, and the subject not being ])erfectly 
clear to the mind of Dr. Caverly, he addressed a letter of 
inquiry to C. E. Potter, Esq., of Hillsborough, at that 
time one of the best historians in the state, who furnished 
the following communication which ma\- help ex])lain the 


HiLLSHOKorcH, Sf]it. 5, 1S59. 
My Dear Sir: 

Oil page 235 of the " History of Manehester " (Ante and Post) 3-011 will 
find a history of the sale to the A'lasonian Proprietors. The purchase by 
them was a bit of sharji ]iractice on the ]iart of speculators and huck- 
stering' ])oliticians, that would not be tolerated at the jireseut day, as 
corrupt as the croakers say we have become. Their western and north- 
ern line was claimed to be i\ curve or arc jiarallcl to the seacoast of 
New Hampshire, lying betwixt the Piscata(|ua and a point three miles 
north of the Merrimack. This claim was undoubtedh' an afterthought 
made for the ])urpose of taking in a much larger amount of land than 
was intended in the original grant. This line, which was called the 
" Masonian curve," and the " Masonian curved line," was surveyed and 
run out at various times, — and down to the time of the Revolution, was 
a fniitfid source of vexation. The bounds of New Hamjishire as granted 
to Mason, on the south and southwest, were ;i line three miles north of 
the Merrimack and pandlel to that river to the " fartherest head thereof" 
till sixty miles were made, and then the hcid line extended east till it 
reached a point sixty miles from the mouth of the Piscatacjna and on a 
line running U]5 that river. This grant was made by the Council of Ply- 
mouth, sui)posing that the Merrimack river had its source in the West, 
as i^laced on Smith's and the ma]js of that time. After the Massachu- 
setts ]oeo])le discovered that the Merrimack made an elbow at Dracut, 
and there came from the north, they cl.'iimcd that the "crotch of the 
river" at Franklin was the "fartherest head of the Merrimack," and 
that a large jiine three miles north of there, (and called the " Endicott 
tree," because marked as the line tree under Endicott's administration) 
was a bound or line tree on their northern line, which passed cast and 
west through the tree from the coast of Main to the "South Sea." 

In 1652, they placed the farthest head of the Merrimack still farther 
north, at the "Endicott rock," at the outlet of Lake Winnepesaukce, and 
thence running three miles north, established a point through which 
their north line extended east and west. 

This claim covered Mason's grant and was in controversy down to 
IT-tO. In that year the board of "The Lords of Trade" decided "that 
the northern boundar\- of the province of Massachusetts be a similar 
curve pursuing the course of the Merrimack river, at three miles distance 
on the north side thereof, beginning at the Atlantic ocean and ending at 
a jioint due north of Pawtuckct Falls, and a straight line drawn from 


tlience due west till it mt'cts with liis Majesty's other i^ovenimeiit." 
This (letenniiiation was made on the Lirouiid that when Massaehnsetts 
aiul New Hamjishire were granted, the iMerrimaek was sti|)])osed and 
laid down as coniint; from the west. 

As Mason's .yrant ran upon the Merriniaek i)aral]el, at three miles 
north of the river, whieh was the north line of Massachusetts — when 
the Lords of Trade determined the north line of Massaehnsetts in 1 74-(l, 
to be as a1)ove deseri])ed, .-md where it is at i)reseiit — the heirs of Mason 
and afterwards the Masonian Proprietors elaimed their line on the 
sonth should conform to that line, and the State Le^islatnri' ae(|niesced 
in that claim. 

It commenced on the line of M.assachnsetts, at a ])oinL sixty miles 
north from the seashore (three miles north of the month of the Merri- 
mack,) at the southwest corner of I'itzwilliam. h'itzwilliam was Ljranicd 
by the Masonian I'rojtrietors as "Nmnber Four" of the townshi])s 
granted in the Monarlnock country. There were d.^ht of these town- 
ships. Of these, Nos. IV, V, VI, VII and VIII were bounded westerly by 
the "Masonian curve." Xo. I\' inchided what is now Fitzwilliam and a 
jiart of Troy. No. V. included what wtis formerly Oxford, but now 
Alarlborouyh and Koxbury. No. VI was Packersfield, now Nelson and 
Sullivan, in part. No. \'1I was Limerick, now Stoddard. No. \'III was 
first New Concord, then Camden, now \Vashin,<>ton. These towns were 
all originally bounded on the west by the " Masonian cur\e." No. I of 
the Monadnock grants was what is now Kindge, No. II is now [affrcy. 
No. Ill is now Dublin. 

These were called Monadnock No. I, II, HI, etc., and Canada No. I, 
II, etc. Canada No. I is now Mason, No. II was wdiat is now Wilton, 
and No. Ill was what is now Lyndeborough. These townshijis were 
granted by Massachusetts to the soldiers in the exiiedition against 
Canada and their heirs — but the real object was to give the jieople of 
Massaehnsetts the soil, as the government was about to ])ass out of 
their hands. So of the Narragansett Townships, No. Ill was what is 
now Amherst, No. IV was what is now Goffstown, mainly, No. V was 
what is now Bedford, and No. VI was what is nf)w Dunbarton and 
Hojjkinton, or nearly so. Nos. I and II were located in Maine ami 
Massachusetts. These were granted to soldiers and their descendants, 
that had been in the Narragansett war. Charleston was also called No. 
IV, being the fourth of a numlx-r of frontier towns granted as security 
asjainst the incursions of the Indians. 


These townships are laid down and named and numbered, as I have 
mentioned a1)ove. in Blanchard and Langdon's Map of 1761, and in 
Holland's Map of 1784. Tims y(ni will see that Troy was within the 
grant of Mason as claimed by the Masonian Proprietors. This curve 
line of the Masonian Proprietors was surveyed soon after the settlement 
of your town, l)y Robert Fletcher in 176S and again in 1769. The two 
surveys differed, but the difference did not affect the line in Cheshire 
Comity. This line of 1768 crossed the Pemigewassett betwixt the towns 
of Plymouth and Rridgewater, (then ;i ])art of Alexandria,) passed 
through Holderness and the north part of Squam Lake and intersected 
the State line betwixt Freedom and Eaton, that now are, but at the 
north angle of what was then " Leavittstown." 

This line of 1769, commenced to divide from that of 1768, at the 
south corner of Grafton and on the line of what was then called Alex- 
andria, overplus now Danbury, and passing a little norlli, crossed the 
Pemigewjissett at the bend of the river above the Livermore Fann in 
Holderness, and intersected the State line where the Saco crosses the 
same in Conway. 

After the Revolution the controversy as to the Masonian curve was 
settled by the Legislature. Jan. (5, 1787, they a]3i)ointed John McDufHe, 
Josiah Bartlctt and Archil)al(l McMiu'phy, a committee to run and deter- 
mine the line. They determined upon a straight line as the head line of 
Mason's Patent. Their report was accepted by the Legislature. This 
cut off a large segment from their claim, and the Masonian Proprietors 
then came forward and jmrchased it of the State, for fort}' thousand 
dollars in State securities and eight hundred dollars in sjiecie. The 
State's title was ])assed to them June 18, 1 78S, l)y a Committee con- 
sisting of Thomas Bartlctt, Dudley Odlin and Archil)ald McMurphy. 
Thus ended the Masonian controversy, and leaving Troy still within the 
Masonian claim. (See "History of Manchester," pages 520 and 521.) 
Yotn's resiiectfully, 

C. F. P(.tti.:k. 

On the third of March, 1811, a r()1)hery was connnittcd 
in what is now Troy, and this occasioned no little excite- 
ment at that time. The circumstances were substantially 
as follows : Luke Harris and a youno- lad by the name of 
Charles Tolman, were travelino^ in a sleigh from Marl- 
borough to Fitzwilliam, on the turnpike road leading from 


Keene to the latter plaee. Just l:)efore sunset thev jjassed 
Carter's tavern, where Harris saw a stranger nioiniting 
his horse, and soon after observed that he was following 
him. The pursuit was continued about one hundred rods 
to a wood, where the stranger rode on and passed Hiirris 
and kept a little forward of him some distance, then halted 
and let Harris pass him. Harris rode on £ind the stranger 
followed him almost to the falls, and then passed him 

As they came to a curve in the road Harris saw the 
stranger take out a jjistol and prime it. Near the road 
that led to Talmon Knights' the stranger stopi^ed and 
Harris passed him. The stranger then followed Harris a 
few rods and then passed him, keeping forward till he 
arrived at a wood path, into which he turned and 
stopped. When Harris came up, the stranger rode out, 
presented a pistol towards him and said, " deliver up your 
money." Harris replied that "he had none of conse- 
quence." The man then said, "d n you, deliver up your 

money or you are a dead man." Harris then gave him 
his pocketbook. The man ordered him to go back to 
Keene or he would blow him through. Harris then 
turned back and the stranger rode off towards Fitzvvil- 
liam. Harris intended to go back and turn up the road 
to Talmon Knights'. He drove fast and his horse got a 
little past the road, and in attempting to turn him the 
sleigh struck a log and was almost upset and Harris fell 
out. When he got up he saw the stranger coming back. 
He came up and told Harris he was a rascal, and had 
deceived him, that he had more money, holding a dirk at 
Harris's breast while he searched his i)ockets, then told 
him to go on to Keene and if he turned back that night, 
he would be the death of him. The man then rode off 
and Harris rode back towards Keene until the stranger 


was out of sight, when he turned baek and went up the 
road to Knights', telHng him of the rol^l^ery and recjuest- 
ing him to turn out in pursuit of the rob])er. 

The rol)ber went towards Fitzwihiam, and when he 
had got to a dry bridge about a mile south of the phice 
where he robbed Harris, he met a Mr. Wihard driving a 
team, and a Mr. Powers near him. The roljber demanded 
Willard's money. Willard told him he had none. Robber 
dismounted and eoming U]) to him with his pistol in his 

hand, said, "d n you, why do you dally? Deliver up 

your money or you are a dead man." Willard took out 
all he had, only a few cents, and the robber said, "march 

on, d n you, march on or I will be the death of you." 

Willard took Mr. Powers' horse and rode on to Harris' 
tavern — called to the people to turn out and pursue the 
robber. He then turned back and stopped at Morse's, 
called to them to turn out and catch the robber ; rode on 
to Osgood's, called to the people in the house — asked if 
they had seen any person ride by upon the run. Just at 
that time the robber ste])ped out and said, "yes, he has 
just gone by." Willard saw him and knew him Jind jumped 
from his horse ; at the same time the rol)ber drew his 
pistol. Willard seized the pistol, at the same time clinch- 
ing the man who drew his dirk. The prisoner finally got 
off and mounting his horse rode away bareheaded, having 
lost his hat in the scuffle. Willard started in pursuit of 
the robber, who took the old Tiu'upike road, but when 
within about a mile of Fitzwilliam village, being closely 
pursued, he dismounted and ran into the woods. 

Intelligence of the robbery soon spread, and in a shorf 
time several individuals were on the ground. The first to 
discover the robber in the woods \vas Dr. Samuel Lane of 
Fitzwalliam. Seeing him coming out of the woods about 
twenty rods distant, he galloped his horse after him, and 


when within a few rods of him called and asked who he 
was ? Turning and coming towards Lane, the robber 
said, "I am theinan," or "I am the man pursued." When 
they met, the robber said, "you are a rascal and are in 
my power," at the same time pulling on his pistol which 
missed fire. Lane strttck the man with his whip and dis- 
mounted on the off side (the robber being on the near 
side). Lane's horse started while he had one foot in the 
stirrup, dragging him some distance before he got free, 
when he saw the robber pursuing him with the dirk in his 
right hand and the pistol in the left. Lane struck off the 
pistol and closed in with the robber, who attempted to 
stab him with the dirk, first in the side and then in the 
shoulder. Lane called out "murder," threw the robber, 
who immediately turned him under, and made repeated 
attempts to stab him, but having bent the point of the dirk 
against his shoulder bone, could not penetrate his clothes 
after. Lane continued to hold the robber by the hair, 
crying "murder." Jonas Robinson and a Mr. Starkey 
soon came up and secured the robber. He was taken be- 
fore E. Wright, Esq., of Fitzwilliam, and duly committed 
for trial. 

The prisoner's name was found to be George Ryan, and 
was from St. John's, Canada. On the 10th of the follow- 
ing May, the prisoner was arraigned before the Superior 
Court then in session at Charlestown, the defendant plead- 
ing ''not guilty.'' The trial was set for Thursday, the 
16th, when the Court opened at nine o'clock. There were 
present Hon. Arthur Livermore, Chief Justice; Hon. John 
Steele, Justice ; William K. Atkinson, Esq., Attorney General 
for the vState; J. C. Chamberlain, J. PL Hubbard and 
Roger Yose, Esqs., for the ])risoner. The case was ably 
conducted on both sides, and the following abridgment 
of the charge of the Chief Justice to the jury will show 


the ground of defence and the princij^tal points brought to 
l)ear upon the case. 

(lentlemen of tliejiir\-: 

By a Statute of this State, the crime of rob1)ery is made a capital 
offence. The words of the act arc: "That if any person shall feloniously 
assault, rob and take from another person, any money, goods, chattels 
or other property, that may be the subject of theft, such person being 
thereof convicted, shall be adjudged guilty of felony, and suffer death." 
George Ryan is iiulicted for a breach of this law. To this indictment the 
defendant has ])leaded not guilt_v, and you are to determine this imi)or- 
tant issue. The extreme severity of the law requires the iullest evidence 
before you should convict. It is yoiu' duty to try this issue on the 
evidence in the case. An awful responsibility rests on you. You will 
hrst consider, gentlemen, whether the prisoner did the deed. If \'ou 
believe he did it, you will then consider whether he had his reason at 
the time, and you are to presume he had uidess the contrary is shown. 
If you believe the prisoner deranged at the time, you will then determine 
whether this proceeded from intoxication or from the visitation of Provi- 
dence. Intemi)erance is itself a crime and one crime cannot excuse 

His Honor then stated the evidence on the part of the 
government, and also the evidence of Bingham, Hogan 
and Capt. Dunham, in favor of the prisoner, and then 
proceeded : 

It maj^ be important in this case to consider whether the defendant, 
l)revious to the 8d of last March, was a person of good ehivracter; 
whether it does not a])pear from the evidence that he has been engaged 
in the North West Company's service, and if so whether this may not 
account for his being armed in the manner he was. It may be im]>or- 
tant also to consider whether the prisoner brought back the dirk tor the 
purpose of using it, or whether it was merely accidental. 

His Honor then noticed the testimony of the other 
witnesses, on the part of the prisoner, and i)roceeded : 

Yoiu' first iiupiiry is, whether the lu'isoner did rob Luke Harris. If 
vou believe Harris, iind his testimony is confirmefl by other evidence, 
you must believe that the defendant did that deed. You will then 
inquire whether he did it feloniously. To determine this, you must also 


determine whether he had at that time the nse of his reason. Stiles and 
Shaw testify, that in their o])inion he liad not the use of his reason. If 
yon are of this ojiinion, the sin of his transgression is not to be laid on 
him, unless he was the Yolnntary cause of his own derangement. Intoxi- 
cation is no excuse for the commission of a crime. This is true as a 
general rule. But all general rules are subject to exceptions. Supi)ose a 
man imacquainted with the effects of spirituous liquor should be pre- 
sented with it and should, by drinking it, be thrown into a fit of 
madness; he would not be accf)untal)lc for his actions during his delirium ; 
and the reason is because his intoxication is invohuitary and unintended. 
The eftects of ardent s]iirits are very different upon different persons. A 
large (piantit_v will have no effect U])on some men, while a small ipiantity 
will intoxicate others. In tliis case you know nothing of the prisoner 
before this time. He might have been unaccustomed to the use of ardent 
spirits. You will therefore consider whether he was jirobably intoxi- 
cated; and if so whether he might not have drunk more than he w^as 
aware of. It will be your duty to examine all the evidence in the case. 
I repeat, gentlemen, the whole responsibility of this trial rests upon the 
jury. You must not convict until all reasonable doubts are removed. 
If they are not, you will accpiit the ])risoner; if they are, whatever may 
be the conseqiiences Lo him, it is your duty to find him guilty. 

The jtiry, after l:>eino- out about half an hour, returned 
with the verdict of "not guilty ^ 

There was considerable excitement in Troy in the win- 
ter of 1818, in consequence of the discovery of what were 
supposed to be human bones, under a barn formerly owned 
by Levi Haskell. The circumstances w^ere substantially as 
follows : A son of Aaron Holt, who at that time lived on 
the Haskell farm, w-as sick, and Dea. Griffin rode down to 
Mr. Holt's in the evening of the 3d of January, for the 
purpose of watching with the sick lad during the night. 
On arriving there, Joel, another son of Mr. Holt, took a 
lantern and accompanied Mr. Griffin to the barn to put 
up his horse. While there, the lantern was accidentally 
held too near some combustible material which took fire, 
and the whole building was cjuickly enveloped in flames. 


After the barn had been burnt, a small motincl of earth 

was observed immediately under where the floor of the 

haymow was ; upon diogino^ into it there were found what 

were supposed to be hiunan bones. It appeared as though 

a small excavation had been made, into which a hiunan 

body had been deposited upon a board and the whole 

covered with earth. But time and the fire had so affected 

the few bones remaining, that their real character was not 

easily made out. It was the pul^lic opinion, however, that 

a murder had been committed, and that these bones were 

the remains of a man who had mysteriously disappeared 

from the town some years before. Suspicion was fixed 

upon various individuals; and the excitement ran so high 

that the selectmen of the town published the following 



We the nnflersitinecl Selectmen of the town of Troy, count}- of Cheshire, 
State of New Hampshire, hereliy certify, that on the 3d of Jantiai-^' 1818, 
a barn in this town was accidentally burnt; — that a few da^'s after 
there was discovered the evident ai)])earfince of the remains of a full 
j^rown human body, laA'ing on a board, slij^htly covered with sand, 
under the ]ilace of the floor of the haymow. This a]3]3earance was ex- 
amined, and bones found, which were by those present judjicd to be 
human; thou<^h they were so aif'ected by time, and the intense heat of 
the fire, that their oria^inal form was not entire, nor were they capable 
of bcint^' arranged in due order by the anatomist. It is the cm'rent 
ojiinion of the people of this town and vicinitA-, that these are the 
remains of a man whose death was occasioned b}- unlawful means, and 
whose body was concealed in that place; and many circumstances are 
called to mind wdiieh go far towards strenglhening this opinion. About 
foin^teen years ago, it is very generally recollected that incjuiry was made 
after a stranger of whom it was said, that the last which was seen or 
heard of him was in this town ; but his name and place of residence, and 
those of his friends wdio were in search of him, are not recollected. The 
luidersigned rcfpiest that the ])rinters of newspapers throughout the 
United States woidd be so good as to publish this, as soon as con- 
venient; and also that any people who can give any information respecting 


a person, who was missing, or supposed to be murdered, in or near 
this town, previous to the time said barn was Ijurnt, would, williout 
delay, forward us sucli int'ormation, that all possil)le moans to deteet, 
and liring to justice the perpetrators of the supposed horrid deed maA' be 
speedily emplo^'ed. 

Sylvester P. Flint. 

Daniel W. Farrar. 

George Farrar. 
N. B. — Troy is a newly incorporated town, taken ])rinci])allv from 
Marlliorotigli and Fitzwilliam, nine miles southwardly from Keene, (N. H.) 
through which i)asscs a great road from Keene to Boston, (Mass.) 
Troy, March IS, ISIS. 

Early in the followino- winter, Jcseph Nimblet of Wood- 
stock, Vt., a])peared and stated, that fourteen years be- 
fore, his brother-in-law, Seth Lncus, started from Province- 
town, Mass., to go to Woodstock wnth a large snm of 
money ; and that he was traced as far as the hotel of 
Christopher Harris in Troy (then Marlborough), and that 
nothing farther was ever heard of him. It v^^as stated 
that he was in pursuit of a farm ; and the report was that 
a stranger, ans\vering the description of Lucus, was seen 
to leave the hotel, in com])any with Levi Haskell and 
Jonathan Lawrence, Jr., for the purpose of examining the 
farm which Haskell proposed to sell to him, and was the 
farm upon which the barn was burnt. It appears that 
the opinion had long prevailed, to some extent, tiiat 
human blood had been shed upon those premises ; and it 
had been currenth^ reported that there had been seen, in 
and about the barn, many marvellous phenomenas which 
were considered indicative of the commission of a horrid 
crime. Many of those ])lienomenas were substantiated by 
men whose veracity we should hardly dare question ; but 
we have a very imperfect idea of the various phantoms to 
which the imagination tmder certain circumstances will 
give birth. 


In this case, the evidence Avas such, and the excitement 
ran so high, that it seemed necessary that something 
should be done to satisfy the pubHc mind. Consequently, 
the persons suspected, Levi Haskell and Jonathan Law- 
rence, Jr., were arrested, and, on the 11th of January-, 
1819, were examined in the town house before Elijah Dun- 
bar, Esq., of Keene. James Wilson, Sen., ^vas employed 
as council for the State, and Joel Parker for the prisoners. 
It appeared in the evidence that Lucus \vas missed some 
fourteen or fifteen years before, that search was made for 
him, that he was traced as far as the Harris tavern, and 
that nothing farther could be heard of him. It also ap- 
peared that Haskell, about that time, had in his posses- 
sion inore money than he could reasonably account for; 
and there were other circumstances which led some people 
to suppose that he had something to do with the disap- 
pearance of Lucus. In the result of the examination, Has- 
kell was committed, and Lawrence was ordered to recog- 
nize for his appearance at the next Superior Court, to give 
his testimony in behalf of the State. Haskell had to lay 
in jail until the next May, when his case was brought be- 
fore the grand jury at Charlestown ; and upon examina- 
tion of the testimony, the Attorney General thought it 
was not sufficient to convict the prisoner of the crime 
\vith which he was charged, and as the jur^- did not find 
a bill against him, he was divScharged. 




Intelligence lies at the foundation of true greatness. It 
places man at the head of the animal kingdom, and prop- 
erly exercised, imparts a grandeur to his whole being. 
This makes the man, and we judge of him, not so much 
from his external form as from the lustre of that "spark 
ethereal " that shines through its clayey walls. This spark 
is an emanation from the Eternal Source of life, but 
receives its lustre from contact with the wings of earth. 
It is in itself indestructible and must continue to exist 
co-eternal with God, and it will forever bear upon its disk 
the various tints it has received in its gradual develop- 
ment from an embryotic state. With its original structure 
man has nothing to do, much less has he the ability to 
make in it the slightest change, but its development is the 
great work of life, and for this he alone is responsiljle. 
This is a work that reaches to the very depths of man's 
nature, and its effects stretch on even beyond the bounds 
of his mortal existence. That a work of such magnitude 
should be treated with indifference, or receive so small a 
share of public attention, is enough to fill every reflecting 
mind with the deepest sorrow. That the mind will be 
developed is as certain as that mind exists, but whether 


for good or for evil must depend upon the influences 
brought to bear upon it. 

But the end attained depends upon the means employed 
and the object to be acquired. The fame of Sparta, one 
of the most powerful and important of the Greek states, 
rested mainly upon her soldiers and her military discipline. 
The Spartans regarding war as the great business of life, 
by their system of education inculcated the heroic virtues, 
such as patriotism, public spirit, courage, fortitude, and 
contempt of danger, sufl'ering and death. Her eminent 
men were almost all eminent as soldiers, and few of them 
had any pretensions to rank as able or enlightened 

The Cretans having similar views of life, adopted a like 
course of instriiction, adding thereto a slight smattering 
of poetry find music. 

The Persian system was somewhat in Jidvance of these, 
as being prescribed by law, everything" about it was made 
subservient to the interests of the state, but in one of its 
features it has proloably not been surpassed by more 
modern systems. The Persians regarded the education of 
their youth as the most important duty and essential part 
of their government. They believed that the most of the 
evils that had disturbed the tranquility of the surrounding 
nations, arose from defects in the education of their 
children. Hence, they arranged their system with a special 
view to the prevention of crime. The boys were sent to 
school to learn justice and virtue, and it is said the crime 
most severely punished amongst them was ingratitude. 
And instead of building prisons and almshouses for the 
punishment of criminals and the maintenance of the 
vagrant, they endeavored so to order it as to have no 
criminals nor vagrants amongst them. 

The system of the Greeks was better adapted to the 


development of national resources, although less calculated 
to prevent crime. Here the arts and sciences were es- 
teemed and cultivated, and industry and economy enforced. 
This system was well calculated to produce eminent men, 
and the ancient city of Athens, once illustrious as the seat 
of learning, boasted of many persons who have excelled in 
the arts of war and government, in philosophy, clcxiucnce, 
poesy, painting, sculpture and architecture. But there was 
running through all these systems a vital defect, and one 
growing out of a corrupt religion. 

Taking into consideration the times when they existed, 
and remembering that the light of revelation had scarcely 
dawned upon the world, the wonder is not that they were 
defective, but that they approached so near the most 
approved modern systems. These nations have given us 
a noble example of zeal and energy, temperance and fru- 
gality, chastity and self-sacrificing devotion to country, 
which is rarely found in modern history. 

Had thev possessed a sound religion they might have 
wrought out for the world the problem of which the last 
eighteen hundred years have only disclosed the first princi- 
ples. The formation of a system of education that should 
give a right direction, and develop in harmonious propor- 
tions all the faculties of the soul, a system that should 
inculcate truth and patriotism, and cultivate the social 
and domestic affections, love to God and good will to 
men, was reserved to modern time. 

Such a S3'stem we may well conceive to have had its 
birth in the minds of those illustrious subjects of whom 
the sovereigns of Euroj^e were not worthy, and who 
following the guidance of the star of hope were directed 
to the western wilderness, where they laid the foundation 
of such institutions as the world before had never seen. 
These pioneers seem to have been raised up for the express 


purpose of demonstrating to the world man's capacity for 
self government. Their plans were laid after mature 
deliberation, and every step in their development exhibited 
almost superhuman wisdom and foresight. And in no one 
thing is their sagacity more clearly seen than in the estab- 
lishment of the free public schools of New England, which 
are based upon the principle that virtue and intelligence 
of the people are the foundation of the Republic. Without 
these ]3rinciples the best constitution and laws that could 
be formed would be but a dead letter upon the statute 
Ijooks of the State. Laws to be effective in a republican 
form of government, must be imderstood and appreciated 
by the people. This recpiires a certain amount of intelli- 
gence, of intellectual and moral culture which the free 
])ublic schools of our country are well calculated to pro- 
mote. A repid)lican form of government like ours could 
not be sustained were it not for the influence exerted by 
our free schools. This was perhaps foreseen by the foun- 
ders of our repidDlic, for they not only gave us the best 
government on the earth, but they also established the 
))est means for perpetuating and perfecting it. 

The history of our common school system is interest- 
ing, from the fact that by it we have a clue to the intelli- 
gence of the people at every period from the early settle- 
ment of the country. But it is not necessary for us here 
to give a detailed account of its rise and gradual develop- 
ment. It is for us to notice the progess of education and 
the means employed for its ]jromotion in this territory 
within the limits of Troy. 

It will be remembered that in the gTc'int of these town- 
shi])s, one sh^ire of land was reserved for the benefit of the 
schools. At an early period these lands were disposed of 
by lease for a long term of years and the interest ex])ended 
for the benefit of the schools. 


There is no record of pn1)lic schools in Monadnock No. 
5, previous to the year 1770, when it was voted that 
Wihiani Barker, Isaac McAllester and Richard Roberts be 
a committee to expend the interest of the school lot in 
schooling the children. During the winter of 1770-71, 
several schools were kept in the town, one of which was 
in the house of Phineas Farrar, under the direction of 
William Barker, as committee. Who the teacher was is 
not certainly known, but it is supposed to have been 
James Brewer, as he was one of the early settlers who 
took great interest in the education of youth. He had a 
good education himself and was anxious that the children 
should not grow up in ignorance. Another school was 
kept in the neighborhood of Dea. Silas Fife's, but in whose 
house or by wdiom taught is not known. For several 
years the income of the school lot was committed to the 
care of the selectmen, and it is supposed to have been 
expended under their direction, in different parts of the 
townshi]5, as fast as it accumuUited. As there were no 
schoolhouses until some time after this, the schools \vere 
kept in private rooms and were but of few weeks' dura- 
tion, and even these few weeks' schooling could not be 
afforded only once in two or three years. 

The school books were few, and the instruction was 
confined to w^hat we term the rudiments of school knowl- 
edge. The New England Primer, the Psalter, the Testa- 
ment and the Spelling Book w^ere about the only books 
used; there was no book on Arithmetic; the teachers "set 
sums," on birch bark or paper, and explained the rules as 
best they could. Arithmetic w^as the pojjular study, but 
not much proficiency was made as compared with that 
in our common schools now^. To learn to figure by 
the "rule of three" was considered quite an accom- 
plishment. Soon after the Revolutionary war, English 


grammar was introduced, and at a little later period, 

At a meeting of the pro]3rietors, April 10, 1777, it was 
voted to divide the town into four erpial squadrons for 
schooling, and Jedediah Taintor, Silas Fife, David Wheeler 
and Theodore Mann were chosen a committee for this 
purpose. On the 23d of Jtine this committee submitted 
the following report, which was accepted : 

BeoTiining- at the Centre Line at the East Side of the town, thenee 
riinnin"' through tlie town; tlien I>e,<iinnin^' on said Line Between the 
Sixth and Seventh Lots; thence Rimning on said Line to Fitzwilliam for 
the North End Bes^inning at the South East Corner of Lot No. Sixt\-- 
nine, thence Knnnin"- Westerly to the North East Corner of Lot No. 53 ; 
thence turning South to the South East Corner of Lot No. 53, thence 
Running West to the town Line. 

In 1778, an additional sum of one hunch'ed ])ounds was 
raised for schooling. This stun was dealt out very spar- 
ingly, for the treasiu'er, James Brewer, reports two years 
later that only tw^enty-five pounds had been expended. It 
may seem strange that so small a sum should have been 
expended, b;ut it must be remembered that the war of the 
Revolution had j^rincipally engrossed the public mind, in 
addition to the building of the meeting house, the support 
of the ministry, and the making and repairing of high- 
Avays, consequently but little provision was made for the 
schools. It seems that the town hardly fulfilled the 
reqtiirements of the law, for an article was inserted in the 
warrant for the annual meeting in April, 1781, "To see if 
town will provide a school or schools the present 3'ear, 
and raise money for that purpose, in order to keep the 
town from being presented." No action was taken upon 
the article. From this time until 1787, small sums were 
raised at different times for schooling, and probabh^ 
expended under the direction of the selectmen. 


111 1778, it was voted to sc|nadron out the town ane"w 
for schooling, and OHver Wright, Reiiljen Ward, Phineas 
Farrar, Ebenezer Temple and Moses Tucker were chosen 
to make this division. It is evident the committee attended 
to their duties, but no report of their proceedings has 
been preserved. 

On December 15th of the same year, the town voted 
that : 

Each Squadron should Imild thereon school houses as near the Centre 
as possibly could lie convenient. 

Voted that the Selectmen shall ajipoint the Place to l)nil(l in ease of 
Disagreement in any Squadron in Town. 

Voted that the Selectmen Shall make the Rate for each Sf|uadron. 

Voted that evei'y School House shall be Ijuilt by the first of December 

It would seem that some of the squadrons neglected to 
comply with this vote, and it is cpiite certain that no 
schoolhouse ^vas built within the limits of Troy during 
this period, for four years afterwards an article was 
inserted in the warrant "to see what method the Town 
wnll Take with those sc(uadrons that have not provided 
their schoolhouses sufficient to keep school in." In rela- 
tion to this article, the town voted "that the school 
squadron which Daniel Cutting and others lielong to, have 
until the first Day of May next to finish their School 
House, and if not Done by that time, the Selectmen are to 
build their school house and assess them to pay for 
the same." 

At the annual meeting in March, 17S9, the town voted 
to raise thirty pounds for schooling, and at a meeting in 
the following May, it was voted that each scpiadron 
should have their proportion of the money and expend it 
as they thought proper. About this time a few indi- 
viduals made an effort to establish a (yrammar school, ])rob- 
ably in accordance with a law passed in 1719, recpiiring 


towns of one hundred house-holders to support a grammar 
school, l:)ut when the town was asked to raise money to aid 
the cause, it met with an unfavorable response and nothing- 
further was done in relation to the matter. 

During the next few years the ]iopulation increased so 
much by the arrival of new settlers, that it became neces- 
sary to re-district the to^m, as those living in the outskirts 
could receive but little benefit from the schools as then 
arranged. At a meeting held April 21, 1794, the following 
committee were chosen for that ptu^pose: Lieut. Oliver 
Wright, Lieut. Reuben Ward, Deacon Stone, Gideon New- 
ton, Robert Worsley, Hugh Alason, Theopilus Howard, 
Moses Tucker and David Wlieeler. 

This committee divided the town into cigiit districts, 
three of which were v^'ithin the limits of Troy, namely, the 
southwest, southeast and south. 

The Southw^est District comprised the territory- on West 
Hill, and the following is a list of persons included in that 
district in 1794: 

Joseph Tolman. Isaac Robbins. 

Benjamin Tohnan. William Barker. 

Jose])h Cutting. Air. Alexander. 

Warren Warner. John Barker. 

John Garfield. James Dean. 

Benoni Rob1)ins. Gideon Alexander. 

Tahnon Knights. David Wheeler. 

The Southeast District comprised the territory on East 
Hill, and included the following: 

Lieut. Rcnben Ward. Hezekiah Coolidge. 

Daniel Lawrence. .Vbraham Coolidge. 

Jonathan Lawrence. Jonathan Whipple. 

Hugh Thoni]ison. Capt. Joseph Frost. 

Dillington Phillijis. Joseph French. 

Simon Pijier. Silas Fife. 
George Farrtir. 


The South District inchided the north |)art of the 
village and what is now called the North end, whose list 
comprised the following persons : 

Ichabod Shaw. Joseph (".oiihh 

Esquire Root. Jacob Newell. 

Ebenezer Bacon. Reuben Newell. 

Jonathan Ball. Hugh Mason. 

John Rogers. James Newell. 

Lawson More. Theodore Mann. 

Isaac Gould. John Parkhurst. 

Daniel Cutting. Calvin (ioodenough. 

Daniel Gould. William Bruce. 

Daniel Gould, Jr. lili Gould. 

The Southwest District immediately made preparations 
for building" a schoolhouse. A meeting was called, an 
appropriation made, and Warren Warner, a resident of 
the district, was employed to build it, and by the first of 
January was so nearly completed that it was used for the 
winter's school. The building was very small, lacing only 
about eighteen feet square, and the walls of the room 
were wainscotted with rough pine boards. There was no 
ceiling, consequently the timbers in the upper part were 
left bare. There were two long benches on one side of the 
room for the larger scholars, with low seats in front for 
the smaller ones. Al)Out two years afterwards the house 
was clapboarded, but it was never painted. This was the 
second schoolhouse built within the limits of the town and 
stood in a corner of the orchard of Jonas Bemis. 

The South District, in March, 1796, raised forty-six 
dollars and sixty-six cents for the purpose of building a 
house. Whether this small amount covered tiie wliole 
ex]}ense does not appear from the records, but it is certain 
that a house was soon built which was located on the 
west side of the road and nearly opposite the residence ot 
Lemuel Brown. This was never clapboarded or ])aintcd. 


and was finished on the inside similar to the house last 
deseribed, only in addition to the two long benches at the 
end of the room o])posite the fireplace, there was one on 
either side and a common table took the ])lace of the 
teacher's desk. This was used for a schoolhonse nntil 
1806, when it was sold, the district uniting with the con- 
tiguous one in the north part of Fitzwilliam, and sent 
their children to the schoolhouse which stood several years 
a few rods \vest of the Marshall barn, now owned l)y C. 
D. Farrar. This district raised one hundred and forty- 
three dollars towards l)uilding the new schoolhouse, which 
is supposed to have been about one-half the expense of 
the building. The house first built, after exchanging 
owners several times, was purchased by Jabez Butler, who 
converted it into a dwelling house, and now constitutes a 
part of that owned and occupied by Winthrop Knight. 

A schoolhouse was built in the Southeast District in 
1796, which was located near the residence of Daniel 
Cutting, now owned b}' John Lang. This house was 
biu'ned in the winter of 1806, and a new one was built 
the following spring, one hundred dollars being raised for 
the purpose, which was not sufficient, for the next year 
an additional sum of fifty-seven dollars was raised to 
complete the work. This was built on the north side of 
the road and near the residence of Henry A. Porter. 

As many of the early records of the town of Fitzwil- 
liam were destroyed, and especially those relating to the 
schools, it is impossible to give an accurate account of the 
first eftbrts of the people in establishing their schools. 

The town Avas divided into squadrons, which in 1792 
\vere nine in number, of which three were wholly or in 
part within the limits of Troy. 

In 1778, a committee was chosen who leased the 
school lots, the interest of which was expended for the 


schools. Whether a school was maintained in Fitzwilliam 
previous to 1773 cannot be determined. In 1774 and 
1775, seven pounds were raised each year for the use of a 
school, which indicates that u]) to that time but a single 
school was maintained. There was no appropriation 
made in 1776, for the reason that the previous appropria- 
tion had not been expended. 

An act was passed by the Legislature in 1789 for 
regulating the schools in the State, by which each town 
w^as required to raise five pounds on every twenty shil- 
lings, in the " Proportion Act," to be expended for the 
support of schools. 

Two years later an act was passed making it obliga- 
tory upon the towns to raise seven pounds, ten shillings, 
on every twenty shillings, in the " Proportion Act," instead 
of five pounds. It is quite probal^le that from this time 
Fitzwilliam raised fully the amount required by these acts, 
as the records show that she was liberal in her appropri- 
ations, raising annually from four to six hundred dollars 
for schools. 

The first schoolhouse on land now in Troy was built 
bv Fitzwilliam in 1790, in the North Squadron, and it 
stood on the east side of the road, between the place now 
owned bv Mrs. A. W. Whitcomb and the late residence of 
Willard White. This was a small house with a hipped 
roof, and was never clapboardcd. The chimney and fire- 
place were built of stone, and there was a large stone 
hearth which formed nearly half the flooring. There was 
a long bench at one end of the room and one on each of 
the two sides, for the use of the large scholars, with 
smaller se^its in front for the smaller scholars. 

In 1800, by a vote of the town, this scpiadron was 
divided "at the Brook between Mr. David White's and 
Mr. Jonathan Capron's House." This schoolhouse remained 


unoccupied from this time until 1806, \vhen it was 
sold to David White, who removed and attached it to the 
west end of his house. Soon after the district was divided, 
the house near the Marshall barn was commenced, but it 
was not completed in season for the winter school, which 
was ke])t in the house of Walter Capron. The new house 
was built by Elijah and Isaac Fuller, and was finished 
early in 1803, at a cost of about two hundred and fifty 

Another schoolhouse was built very soon after by the 
south division, which was located on a road which at that 
time led from Joseph Forristall's to Aaron Wright's. The 
floor of this house was elevated at one end of the room, 
making- an inclined plane, upon which were placed the 
benches, of which there were four tiers, separated by aisles. 
These were quite an improvement upon the long benches 
of the first school houses, as they were only of sufficient 
length to accommodate two scholars. 

The Northeast Squadron built a house about 1790, 
which stood near the residence of Samuel Griffin, which 
site is now within the limits of Fitzwilliam. This house 
w^as burned in the wnnter of 1806, and at a district meet- 
ing on the 19th of the next June, one hundred and seventy- 
five dollars were voted to be raised for building a new 
one. This was built on the south side of the road between 
the residence of Jonathan B. Clark and the Griffin farm. 
After the first house was burned and before the new one 
was completed, two terms of school were kept in the 
dwelling house of I vers Emerson. The new house was 
completed in 1807, and from that time the district was 
well accommodated until after the division of the town in 
1815. The scliools in the Northwest Squadron, were kept 
for some years in a log house which stood a few rods east 
of the Bishop house. The house was built by Agabus 


Bishop, and was occupied by him nntil he built the frame 
house in which he afterwards Hved and died. 

In 1804, the town voted to district the town anew, 
and the selectmen, consisting; of Oliver Damon, Anmah 
Allen and John White ^vere the committee chosen for the 
purpose. Their report was adopted, and the new arrange- 
ment called the North Squadron, District No. 10; the 
Northeast, District No. 6 ; the Northwest, District No. 13 ; 
and the squadron near Forristall's, District No. 9, and 
these numbers were retained until most of the territory 
comprisino; these districts passed from the jurisdiction of 

At the first annual meetino- after the incorporation of 
Trov, a committee of seven were chosen to regulate the 
school districts, consisting of Caleb Perry, D. W. Farrar, 
David White, William Farrar, Samuel Starkey, Elijah Ful- 
ler and Thomas Clark, Jr. 

At an adjourned meeting on the 25th of the same 
month, this committee reported as follows, viz: 

"That the following persons shotdd be included in the 
several districts : 


Rev. Mr. Rich. (icorge Farrar, Jr. 

Moses Aldricli. Henry Tolman (Farm). 

Silas Wheeler. Curtis Coolidgc. 

Joab Daggett (Farm). Roswell Crossfield. 

Sylvester P. FHnt. Joseph Forrislall. 

Jo.seph Barrett (Farm). John Whitney. 

Luke Harris. Luther Nurse. 

Arnold & Thomi)S(in. John Whitney, Jr. 

Lyman Wright. lihenezcr Nurse. 

Nathan "Newell. Josiah Amadou. 

Salmon Whittemore. David White. 

Joshua Harrington. Daniel Farrar. 

Elijah Harrington. Daniel Farrar, Jr. 



John Bmce. 
Widow Bruce. 
Timoth\' Godding. 
Asa Brewer. 
Thomas Tohnaii. 
Andrew Sherman. 


Cyrus Fairbanks. 
Cyrus Fairlianks, Jr. 
Moses Perkins. 
Caleb Perry. 
Peletiah Hodgkins. 
Levi Ward. 
Abraham CooHdge. 
Daniel Cutting. 

Samuel Farrar. 
Daniel W. Farrar. 
Timothy Kendall. 
Preston Bishop. 
Joshua Harrington. Jr. 

Wilham Barnard. 
John Lawrence. 
William Lawrence. 
Joseph Butler. 
Josiah Lawrence. 
Jonathan Lawrence. 
Jacob Osborn. 

Benjamin Tolman. 
Josiah Wheeler. 
Isaac Garfield. 
Elijah Fuller. 
Edmund Bemis. 
George Farrar. 
Silas Fife. 
Zopher Whitcomb. 

Henr3' Jackson. 
Benjamin Starkey. 
Peter Starkey, Jr. 
William Chase. 
William Bishop. 


Joseph Cutting. 
Easman Alexander. 
Joseph Alexander. 
Talmon Knights. 
Aaron Holt. 
Isaac Fuller. 
Stephen Farrar. 


Calvin Starkey. 
Nathan Starkey. 
Peter Starkey. 
Luna Starkey. 
John Starkey. 

Widow Starkey (Farm). 

Thomas Clark, Jr. 

David Saunders. Nathan Winch. 

Josejih Haskell (Farm). Caleb Winch. Jr. 

John Sargent. 
Caleb Winch. 

William Farrar. 
Elias Evans. 


Elijah Bnxtoii. Daniel Ball. 

David Wile^^ Levi Starkey. 

Samuel Starkey. Thomas Freneh. 

Enoch Starkey. Joseph Tilden. 

All the property taxed for the support of schools, to be 
paid into the district where the owner resides, if residing 
within the limits of said town ; all polls and non-resident 
lands to pay their school tax to the district where thej' 
are contained, reference being had to boundaries, to the 
real estate of individuals whose names are set to their 
respective districts." 

District No. 6, being destittite of a schoolhouse, raised 
one hundred dollars for the purpose of building one, which 
was located on a lot of land afterward owned by Stephen 
Harris. The district was so small that a school could be 
maintained only a very few weeks each year, and conse- 
quently but little benefit to the scholars. For this reason 
it was thought best to unite the district with No. 3, 
which was done b\' vote of the town in March, 1S31. 
Having no further use for their house it was sold to Jona- 
than Clark, who removed it near his buildings. 

The schoolhouse in District No. 1, was soon found too 
small to accommodate the large number of pupils, and in 
1828, the district voted to build a larger one, raising five 
hundred dollars for that purpose. The old schoolhouse 
was sold to Charles M. Tolman, who removed it to the 
w^est side of the mill pond and converted it into a dwelling 

The contract for building the new house was given to 
Joseph M. Forristall, and the work was com])letcd in 1828, 
in season for the winter school. This was used until the 
division of the district in 1838, when it was sold for three 
hundred and seventv-five dollars. 


The purchasers formed a stock company, and the par 
vahie of the shares w^as twenty-hve dollars. The proprie- 
tors were : Daniel W. Farrar, who had four shares ; Ste- 
phen Wheeler, who had two shares ; Solomon Goddard, 
who had two shares ; Alphens Crosby, who had two 
shares ; Nathan Winch, who had two shares ; Lyman 
Wright, who had one share ; Luke Harris, who had one 
share; Joseph M. Forristrdl, who had one share; Charles 
W. Whitney, who had one share; D. Farrar and \l. Harring- 
ton, who had one share. 

The house was thoronghly repaired, individuals sub- 
scribing about ninety-two dollars towards the expense. 
This, in addition to the excess of the stock funds above 
the cost of the building, made the expense of the repairs 
two hundred and thirty-four dollars. The object of the 
proprietors in this outlay, was to retain the building for 
the use of a high school, and it was occupied a part of 
the time for several years for this purpose. After a time, 
David W. Farrar purchased the building of the proprietors 
and converted it into a dwelling house. This is the brick 
building next to the Congregational church, known as the 
" old academy." 

District No. 2 expended but little on her schoolhouse 
for several years. The first account for repairs was in 
1S33, when twenty-five dollars was raised for that purpose. 

District No. 3, was destitute of a schoolhouse at the 
incorporation of the town, the old one having been burned 
in 1814. For two winters the school was kept in the 
house of William Barker, but in 1817, the district voted 
to build a new house and raised one hundred dollars 
towards the expense. This was built by Isaac and Elijah 
Fuller, but whether the one himdred dollars was the whole 
cost, does not appear from the records. In 1834, fort}^- 
four dollars was expended in repairing the house. 

Bduca tiona l his tor ] '. 


Until 1823, District No. 4- had only a log house, when 
it was voted to build a house in accordance with the 
improvements of that period, and affording more com- 
fortable quarters for the children. The site selected was 


near the junction of the two roads between the residence 
of Peter Starkey and William Bishop. The house was 


finished in 1824, and cost one hundred and twenty dollars. 
The schoolhouse in District No. 5, being located some 


distance from the center, was removed nearer, and repaired 
in 1823 at a cost of forty-five dollars. In 1834, thirty 
dollars was expended for a like purpose. 

At the annual meeting in March, 1838, the town voted 
to make some alter^itions in the school districts, and chose 
a committee to make investigations and report what 
alterations they considered necessary. This committee 
consisted of the following persons, viz: District No. 1, 
Stephen Wheeler, Amos Sibley, Daniel Farrar. District No. 
2, Daniel Cutting, William Lawrence. District No. 3, John 
W. Bellows, Amasa Aldrich. District No. 4, Joseph Putney. 
District No. 5, Chester Lyman. 

On the 19th of the same month the committee made 
their report, whereupon the town voted "that the altera- 
tions be made as reported by the committee." 

But this division only included the inhabitants of the 
town, no reference being made to a division of the real 
estate, and consecpiently was found not to answer the 
purpose intended. Another meeting was called April 9, 
\vhen it was voted to reconsider the vote of accepting the 
report of the committee, and that they be authorized to 
amend their report so as to include all the real estate 
in the same district, except what was by la^v taxable in 
other districts. The committee reported the following 
amendment, viz: "Every person living in the several 
school districts in the town of Troy shall be taxed in the 
district in which he lives, for all the real estate he holds 
in the town of Troy under his own victual improvement, 
and all other of his real estate in the town of Troy shall 
be taxed in the district in which it is included ; and all real 
estate owned by persons living out of the town shall be 
taxed in such district or districts as the selectmen shall 

The town voted to accept the report of the committee, 


made on the 19th of March, with this amendment. But 
it was soon discovered that this amended report was 
defective, and it did not meet the requirements of the law, 
for the boundaries of the districts were Hable to l)e 
changed with every change in the ownership of real estate. 
Another meeting was called on the 2d of June, when it 
was "voted to divide the town into school districts 
according to law." And to be sure of its legality, a law- 
yer was j)laced at the head of the committee, which was 
as follows: Luther Chapman, J. M. Forristall, Abel 
Baker, John W. Bellows, Chester Lyman, Calvin Starkey, 
Daniel Farrar. 

One week later the committee submitted their report, 
which was adopted by the town. District No. 1, or the 
village district, w^as divided, the northern half being called 
No. 1 ; the southern half, No. 2. The other districts were 
nearly the same with some slight alterations and a change 
in numbers; No. 2 was changed to No. 3, and so on. 

At this time Districts Nos. 1 and 2 were each destitute 
of a school house, and a meeting warned by the selectmen, 
was held June 1st, 1839, when No. 1 voted to raise three 
hundred dollars for building a schoolhouse. This house 
was built by Mr. Forristall, and finished in season for the 
winter school. In 1853, two hundred dollars was expended 
in repairing the house which was newly painted, the lot 
upon which it stood well fenced and ornamented with 
small trees. 

During the year 1862, this house was repaired at con- 
siderable expense, several hundred dollars being expended, 
and the following winter was burned. 

A special meeting of the district was called Jan. 24, 
1863, when it was voted to build a new house on the site 
of the old one, one thousand dollars being raised for the 
purpose. The new house was to be larger than the old 



one — fifty feet long and thirty-two wide — to be constructed 
of brick or wood, as thought best by the committee chosen 
to build the same, consisting of Jacob Boyce, A. B. Gates 
and Calvin Alexander. 

The old lot not being large enough for the enlarged 
house, a narrow strip of land on the north side, twenty 
feet in width and the length of the lot, was purchased of 
Thomas Wright. 

The building was made of brick and completed in 

North Primary ScHooLHorsE. 

season for the winter school, the expense being a little over 
two thousand dollars. This building known as the North 
Primar}' schoolhouse, has recently been made into tene- 
ments . 

District No. 2 made preparations for building a house, 
but not agreeing upon a location, an application \vas made 
to the selectmen, who appointed a committee to fix the 
location agreeably to the provisions of the statute at that 
time. The committee consisted of Daniel Cutting, Brown 
Nurse, Daniel Buttrick, Luke Harris, Thomas Wright and 
John Lawrence. 


They reported "that the site for the schoolhotise should 
be on land of Elijah Harrington, at the southeast corner, 
adjoining land of Moses Ballou's heirs." This report was 
dated the 8th of June, 1840, and the contract for building 
the house was given to Mr. Forristall for two hundred 
and eighty dollars. After seven \^ears it was found neces- 
sary to make repairs and one hundred and forty-seven 
dollars were raised for the purpose, and two \'ears later 
about fift\' dollars more were expended upon it, but after 

South Primary Schoolhouse. 

all the repairs it was an old house and did not meet the 
requirements of the district. In 1834 the district voted 
to build a new house and made a liberal appropriation for 
the purpose. This was let out in portions to different 
individuals, but the most of the work was done by Ira 
Boyden, and it was finished in January, 1855, at a cost 
of thirteen hundred dollars. This was the vSouth Primary 
schoolhouse, now occupied as a residence by Moses Abare. 
The schoolhouse in District No. 3 was burnt in the 
winter of 1838, and early the next spring preparations 
were made for building a new one, but a contention arose 



about its site, and it became necessary to petition the 
selectmen to appoint a committee to settle the question. 
This committee consisted of Luther Chapman, Joseph M. 
Forristall, Chester Lyman, Brown Nurse and Alpheus 
Crosby, who reported that "the site for the schoolhouse 
shall be on land, called and known by the name of the 
Boyden pasture, a fe\v rods east of an old cellar, on the 
road leading^ from Nathaniel Parker's to Daniel Cutting's, 
at a stake and stones in the center erected by j^our com- 
mittee." This question being settled, the new house was 

Sciiooi.iioi'SE ON East Hill. 

finished in a few months from that time, at a cost ot 
about two hundred and fift_v dollars. This is the present 
schoolhouse site on East Hill. 

The inhabitants of District No. 4 had expended about 
seventy-five dollars for repairs up to 1858. 

The schoolhouse in No. 5 was first located nearh' a 
third of a mile from the inhabited part of the district, and 
in 1840, in accordance with a vote of the district, it was 
removed to near the barn of Albert Pratt, and repaired at 
a cost of about sixtv dollars. This house was burnt in 


1841, and the next year a new one was bnilt which cost 
one hundred and seventeen dollars. 

The schoolhonse in District No. 6, becoming consider- 
ably dilajDidated, was entirely enlaro;ed in 1849, and thor- 
on^jhl}' repaired, at an expense of one hundred and eighty 
dollars. In 1861, the selectmen were chosen a committee 
to make alterations in the school districts. They enlarged 
and defined the boimdaries of District No. 1, and made 
slight alterations in No. 4, the others remaining as 
before given. In 1861, the sum of two hundred dollars 
was raised to finish the room under the town hall, which 
Avas to be done by laying new floors and repairing the 
walls and ceiling, and painting. In 1864, ]5art of this 
room was finished to use as an engine room, and in 1866, 
it was voted that the south room be fitted in a manner 
suitable to be used for educational purposes, and furnished 
with seats, tables, benches, and all articles necessary for 
such i^urpose, four hundred and fifty dollars being raised 
for the expense, Edward P. Kimball being chosen the 
agent to carry this vote into eftcct. It was also voted 
that the two south rooms in the lower part of the hall l)e 
used for a graded or high school. 

A special town meeting was called May 25, 1878, for 
the purpose of voting upon the question of redistricting 
the town anew, and the selectmen and school committee 
were chosen a committee for that purpose viz : William 
N. Watson, Charles C. Smith, William A. Harris, Asa C. 
Dort and George H. Aldrich, who made the following 
report which was adopted. 

After a very careful examination of the school interests of Troy, your 
committee present the following report. 

We find that something must be done with District No. 5. It has 
money apportioned but is in no situation to school it out, and we are 
obliged to do something in order to receive the State funds. 


We also find the severjil districts lines in ver^- bad shape, so that the 
same piece of land has been taxed in one district at one time, and at 
other times in another. 

After a ver^' careful examination, we recommend that the town he 
made into three districts, constituting a village district, and two out- 
side districts, said village district to consist of Nos. 1 and 2, together 
with a larger part of Nos. 5 and 6; adding a jjart of No. 5 to No. 4, 
and part of No. 6 to No. 3, making a total valuation in the village dis- 
trict of $l-t4,4-S6.00. Valuation of No. 3, $187.05, and of No. 4, $231.38. 
The other districts having the benefit of grammar school by jjaying tuition. 

We recommend that the village district be divided for the primarA' 
department ; the north half of the district occupying the No. 1 house, 
and the south half the No. 2 house; the grammar school going into the 
high school room, which entirely obviates the bviilding of a new house, 
and gives the scholars the full and in our opinion the best use of the money 
we raise for school purposes. 

As.\ C. DORT. 

Wm. N. Watson. 
C. C. Smith. 
Wm. .\. H.xRRis. 

This arrangement continued until all districts were 
abolished by an act of the Legislature in 1885, establish- 
ing the town system. 

By this act the district system of common schools, 
which had prevailed for nearU' two generations, was 
abolished, and the town became one entire district. The 
entire supervision of the schools was vested in boards of 
education, who are chosen by the towns, each member 
being elected for three years. They have authority "to 
provide schools at such places and times as in their 
judgment shall * * * give all the scholars of the town 
as nearly equal advantages as may be practicable." 

The chief reason for establishing this law was to place 
all pupils, so far as may be, on the saine footing. In the 
remote and outside districts the number of scholars was 
frequently ver\' small, and complaint was often made that 


tinder the former system these small schools fared poorly 
in respect to facilities for instruction. 

A special meeting of the town held Feb. IG, 18G1, the 
use of the town hall was voted to be given Mr. Carroll 
D. Wright, for the purpose of holding a high school. Mr. 
Wright was hired by the district and taught two or more 
terms, when the interest in the school abated and the 
project was abandoned. 

In 1866, several of the citizens petitioned the selectmen 
for a special meeting, which was held July 5, when it was 
voted to adopt the provisions of Chapter LXXIX of the 
Compiled Statutes, relating to the establishing of a high 
school. This petition was signed by E. P. Kimball, A. G. 
Hurlbutt, Geo. A. Adams, E. Buttrick, Thos. Goodall, 
James O. Amadou, Stephen B. Farrar, G. W. Randall, 
Andrew J. Aid rich and John Wheeler. 

In order to carry these provisions into effect it was 
voted that the south rooms in the lower part of tlie hall 
should be fitted up and used for this purpose. The school 
was opened in the spring of the following year and was 
taught by William Moore. There were two terms in each 
year, spring and fall. In 1868, Mrs. Louisa B. Wright, 
then teaching at West Swanzey, was employed as teacher. 
The services of Mrs. Wright were secured the following 
year and she became a resident of the town. She also 
taught the summer and winter terms in the North or 
District No. 1 school. 

Under the able and efiicient instruction of Mrs. Wright, 
the school attained a high degree of perfection and 
acquired more than a local reputation, a large number of 
pupils from neighboring towns availing themselves oi its 

This arrangement continued for ten years, or until 
1878, when the village district was constituted and the 



schools graded ; the grammar de]3artmeiit being put in the 
town hall room, when no more pnpils were admitted from 
adjoining towns. 

It is fitting that more than a passing notice should be 
taken of the labors of Mrs. Wright, w^hose services as a 
teacher in Troy covered a period of sixteen ^^ears, fifteen 

Mrs. Louisa B. Wright. 

of which were continuous. Her labors commenced in 
March, 1868, as teacher of the high school. The follow- 
ing year she became a resident of the town, and for nine 
vears taught the high school and that in District No. 1, 


or until the change was made in the arrangement of the 
schools, and the high school changed to the grammar 
department in 1878. She taught the latter until the 
summer of 1883, when she went to West Swanzey for one 
year, returning in the fall of 1884, teaching until the close 
of the summer term in 1885. 

Mrs. Wright completed her one hundredth term of 
teaching at the close of the summer term in 1880, and her 
forty-fourth in Troy, which was celebrated l)y suitable 
exercises at the town hall on July 3d. 

Mr. William Butler was chairman of the committee of 
arrangements, and in his introductory remarks, spoke of 
the occasion as no ordinary one, for he knew of no one, 
not advanced in \^ears, who had taught one hundred terms 
of school. David W. Farrar was president of the day, and 
spoke of the importance of one hundred terms of school in 
a community like this, and of its salutary influence and 
the liability not to give it that consideration commensurate 
with its importance. Rev. S. H. McCollester, of Marl- 
borough, delivered an address upon "Education," and at 
the close. Rev. J. S. Herrick presented Mrs. Wright with 
one hundred dollars in gold, consisting of twenty five- 
dollar coins, and former pupils from Swanzey presented an 
additional sum. Numerous toasts were given, which were 
responded to by H. W. Farrar, M. E. Wright, A. C. Dort, 
Rev. D. W. Goodale, C. C. Smith and Rev. S. H. Mc- 

After leaving Troy, Mrs. Wright went to Marlborough, 
where she taught for about three years, when she went to 
Kansas. With increasing 3^ears has come increased knowl- 
edge from continuous study, and she has until recently 
been actively engaged in educational work, having been 
principal of the high school in Seneca, until the summer of 


The old school houses not being sufficient to accommo- 
date the increasing number of scholars in the village, the 
town at the annual meeting in March, 1893, voted to 
build a new house, and chose a committee to procure 
estimates for a four-room schoolhouse, either wood or 
brick, and secure a location. This committee consisted of 
John H. Congdon, Henry M. Whittemore and J. H. Bige- 
low. They reported at the next annual meeting, their 
report being adoj^ted. The matter was then taken up in 
the town district meeting. At the meeting, March 13, 
1894, Charles D. Farrar, Augustus Hodgkins and George 
A. Starkey were chosen a committee with authority to 
locate and purchase a lot. The committee made a report 
at an adjourned meeting held April 7th, when it was voted 
to purchase of Joseph W. Raymond the north lot on the 
muster field. At a meeting one week later, E. P. Kimball, 
Asa C. Dort, Franklin Ripley, Geo. A. Starkey and Wm. J. 
Boyden were chosen a building committee, who were to 
procure ])lans and estimates and report at a future meet- 
ing, when the sum of ten thousand dollars was voted to 
be raised. At a meeting September 29, an additional siun 
of two thousand dollars was voted to be raised. 

The plans were drawn by Barker & Nourse, architects, 
of Worcester, Mass., and the contract for building was let 
to W. E. Austin of Jefferson, Mass. 

The building is situated at the head of the new street 
on the muster field, and is seventy-six by forty-seven feet, 
two stories, with basement, built of brick with granite 
trimmings. The entrances are on the east and west ends, 
the halls and corridor occupying the entire north side of 
the building; the four school rooms are on the south side 
of the building, exposed to the sunlight and well lighted 
and ventilated. The floors are of hard pine and the walls 
are sheathed with the same, with natural slate blackboards. 


The rooms are twenty-eight h\ thirty -four feet, con- 
taining book closets, and the two rooms on each floor 
being connected by a teacher's room, with suitable ward- 
robe rooms outside. The building is heated with steam, 
and the basement besides containing the heating ap])a- 
ratus, has two large playrooms, each twenty-eight by 
thirty -three feet, with concrete bottom. The entrance 

New Schooliiouse. 

doors are made to swing both ways and wide stairways 
give easy access to the basement and second story. 

The building will accommodate two hundred and 
twenty-five pupils, and was appropriately dedicated Thurs- 
day afternoon, April 18, 1895, addresses being delivered 
by Fred Gowing, state superintendent of public instruc- 
tion, and Rev. S. H. McCollester of Marlborough. 


There bein^^ no further use for the two primary school- 
houses, the couimittee sold the same at auction; the north 
one was purchased b^^ Samuel Mortimer for five hundred 
and two dollars, and the south one by Moses Abare for 
four hundred and twent^'-seven dollars, and they have 
since been converted into tenements. 

We have attempted to give a brief sketch of the efforts 
of the people to promote the cause of popular education, 
and which, like all great enterprises, had a small begin- 
ning; but by the persistent efibrts of a few individuals, 
the work has been gradually carried forward until the 
present time, \vhen nearly all the citizens are interested in 
the work. 

The town has alwfiys done, by Avay of appropriation, 
all that could reasonably have been expected. For several 
years after its incorporation, the amount annualh' raised 
for the support of schools \vas two hundred and fifty 
dollars, in addition to the literary" fund, and this sum has 
gradually been increased until the present time. 

In 1896, the sum raised was nineteen hundred and 
seventy-five dollars, and the whole amount expended was 
over twenty -four hundred dollars. The whole number of 
different pupils registered was tw^o hundred and eighty, of 
which two hundred and fourteen were in the village. 

But the question w^ill probably arise, has this increased 
expenditure yielded an adequate return ? The answer is 
best given b^^ the schools in comparison \\\t\\ those of the 
earlier period. How different the schools and method of 
teaching of the present day ! Then teachers were paid 
eight or ten dollars a month. Now three or four times 
that amount is paid, and we have reason to feel that the 
money is well expended. Then the government of a school 
\vas often conducted by force, and the most essential qualifi- 
cation of a teacher was bone and muscle to wield the rod. 


It is said that Jupiter on one occasion made a procla- 
mation that he would crown the person with immortality 
who had done the most good, and been the greatest 
blessing to his fellow-men. The competitors were numer- 
ous ; the ^varrior, the statesman, the sculptor and painter, 
the musician and benevolent, nil pressed their claims. But 
Jupiter, seeing an old gray-headed, sage-looking man 
standing far behind the rest and apparently taking no 
active part in the matter, asked him what made him look 
so smiling? The old man replied that all these competi- 
tors were once his pupils. "Crown him," says Jupiter, 
"and seat him at my right hand." 




For some years the inhabitants of Avhat is now Troy, 
residing upon the borders of Marlborough and FitzwilHam, 
were dependent for medical assistance upon the physicians 
located near the center of these towns, for the population 
was too small to support a resident phj-^sician. But after 
the formation of the new town ^vas seriously contem- 
plated, efforts were made to obtain one, and Dr. Justus 
Perry of Marlborough was selected. Of his early life but 
little is known beyond the fact that he was a native of 
Barre, Mass., and studied medicine with Dr. Stephen 
Batcheller, Sr., of Royalston. He settled in Marlborough 
in 1786, and possessing great natural and acquired 
ability, he gained the reputation of a skillful ph^-sician, 
and for a few 3'ears did an extensive business. But unfor- 
tunately he acquired the habit of using strong drinks, a 
habit which so increased as to disqualify him for the 
practice of his profession. He located in what is now 
Troy, in 1796, and an effort was made to reform him, 
that his usefulness should not be lost to his fellow-men. 
He was induced to sign a temperance pledge, obligating 
himself to abstain from the use of all intoxicating drinks 
for one year, in consideration of which the citizens bound 
themselves to furnish him with a horse and all medicines 


free of charge during the year. This pledge he faithfully 
kept, but as soon as the time expired he relaiised into his 
former dissipated habits, and losing his practice, returned 
the following year to the center of Marlborough, where he 
died in 1800. 

The next physician who located here was Dr. Ebenezer 
Wright. He was the son of Capt. Eloenezer Wright and 
was born in Templeton, Mass., Nov. 3, 1761. He ac- 
quired a good English education and entered upon the 
study of medicine at Rutland, Vt. He settled in Fitzwil- 
liam in 1785. He is said to have possessed the rudiments 
of a great mind, applied himself closelv to business, became 
noted for his sound judgment and soon gained the confi- 
dence of the community. In compliance with the request 
of individuals he removed to this village in 1811. He 
was here during the excitement attending the efforts to 
obtain the charter of Troy, and took an active part in 
those measures which resulted in the organization of the 
new town. He returned to Fitzwilliam in 1814, continuing 
the practice of his profession until his death, March 16, 1829. 

Dr. Wright was succeeded by Dr. Charles W. Whitney, 
who located here in 1815. He was the son of Dr. Isaiah 
Whitney and was born in Rindge in 1791. Dr. Isaiah 
WHiitney was born in Harvard, Mass., Dec. 13, 1765; 
married Dorcas, a daughter of Dr. Charles Whitman of 
Stowe, in August, 1787. The Whitman family are descend- 
ants of the first settlers of New England. Dr. Charles 
Whitman was the son of a physician, and whose grand- 
father, also a physician, came from England, one of the 
band of Pilgrims on the Mayflower, in 1620. 

Dr. Whitman of Stowe, was surgeon in the army during 
the Revolutionary war, and his wife was a Stevens, and 
it is asserted that she was a descendant of the celebrated 
Indian princess, Pocahontas. 


Dr. Isaiah Whitney, soon after his marriage, settled in 
Rindge and continued in the practice of his profession 
until his death, Nov. 30, 1839. Dorcas, his wife, died in 
Rindge, July 11, 184-4. They had ten children, five sons 
and five daughters. 

Charles W. was the second son, and he gave the follow- 
ing account of his history: "My youth ^vas spent like 
that of most children at that time; I was ver3' fond of 
fishing; nothing suited me better than to be angling for 
the spotted trout in the various streams of my native 
town, and this was a great detriment to my future 
knowledge. In the fall and winter of 1809, I roomed 
with Philip Payson and recited to his father, Setli Payson, 
D. D. In 1810, I was sent to New Ipswich Academy, and 
in the spring of 1811 commenced the study of medicine 
under the tutelage of my father. In the spring of 1813 I 
was sent to Boston to study and practice wnth John 
Randall, M. D., six months, and in December of the same 
year I commenced the practice of my ])rofession in Alarl- 
borough, Alass. It was thought by many at that time 
that experimental knowledge formed the most important 
part of a young medical student's education." 

He left Marlborough in the spring of 1815, and assisted 
his father in Rindge a few months, but, the narrative con- 
tinues: "In October, I started for Vermont to look me up 
a place to practice my profession, got up among the Green 
Mountains where the sun w^ould shine a few minutes, and 
then there would be a snow squall, and above all, I did 
not like the looks of the land or the people ; I became 
homesick and thought I would much rather winter among 
my native hills, so made tracks back much faster than I 
went on, and on arriving at Capt. Gorham's hotel in 
Troy, the Captain invited me to locate here. I told him 
I would take the matter into consideration and decide in 



a fe^\^ days. M3" father advised nie not to come, on 
account of the smalhiess of the place; l)iit havini^ no place 
in view, I concluded to make the trial. I came, ent^aged 
board at D. W. Farrar's, boarded there three years, built 
my house in 1!S18, married Alary, daughter of Dea. Samuel 
Griffin of Fitzwilli^im, in November of the same vear." 


Charles W. Whitney, M. D. 

He became a member of the New Hampshire Medical 
Society, and was licensed Alay 8, 1828, and he was also a 
member of the Western New Ham])shire Aledical Associa- 
tion. He was an excellent citizen, a judicious, careful 


practitioner, and enjoyed the confidence of the people. 
He continued in practice until advanced age, feeble health 
and serious loss of hearing obliged him to relinquish it. 
He said: "I can truly say what few of my age can, I 
never called for a glass of spirit of any kind for myself, at 
either of the taverns or stores, since I established myself 
in town." Although disabled by these infirmities, he 
enjoyed the society of his friends and retained his intellect 
until the end. 

In consequence of tlie inqjaired liealth and partial deaf- 
ness of Dr. Whitney, who fomid it difiicult to perform all 
the lalDor required of the physican of the town, it was 
thought advisalile to obtain a younger man to take a 
part of the professional lousiness. Consequently, Dr. Luke 
Miller located here in 1847. But little is known of his 
early life, except that he first saw light in the town of 
Peterborough, and practiced dentistry some years in his 
native to\vn. He studied medicine with Dr. Albert Smith 
of Peterborough, and commenced ])ractice with Dr. Hitch- 
cock of Ashby, Alass., remaining a few months, coming to 
Troy, where he did a fair amount of business. He removed 
to Winchendon, Mass., in the fall of 1853, remaining about 
a year, when he came to Fitzwilliam, and entered into 
partnership with Dr. Silas Cummings. In 1857, he removed 
to Chatfield, Minn. His wife was Abby Ann Lovell. 

Dr. A. M. Caverly located in Troy, Sept. 1, 1853. He 
was a descendant of Moses Caverly, who was born aljout 
the year 1715, in Croydon, a town which lies about ten 
miles south of London Bridge, England, and who, in com- 
pany with two 3'ounger brothers, Nathaniel and Thomas, 
immigrated to this country about the year 174-0, and 
settled in Portsmouth. Moses married a Johnson of Ports- 
mouth, about the ^'car 174-3, and resided there till about 
1770, when \vith his brother Thomas, he removed to that 


part of Barrington now included in Strafiford. Nathaniel 
afterwards resided in Barrington a short time, but eventu- 
ally moved to Township No. 4 (now Charlestown), where 
he died. Moses had five sons: Phillip, Charles 1st, John, 
William and Charles 2d ; and one daughter, Abigail, all of 
whom were born in Portsmouth. 

Phillip, the oldest, was born March 23, 1745; removed 
with his father and the rest of the family to Barrington ; 
married Bridget Pendergast, who was born Feb. 24, 1745, 
and resided in Barrington till his death, April 1, 1S13. 
During the time of the Revolutionary war he took an 
active part in opposing the arbitrar3' acts of the British ; 
his name occurs u]ion the "Test Papers" from his adopted 
town, as one who joined the "American Association," and 
in 1777, he entered the army, and was on duty several 
months in the state of Rhode Island. After the war his 
time was devoted to farming, and he owned one of the 
best farms in Barrington, and had considerably property- 
invested in wild lands in different parts of the state. He 
had nine children, eight sons and one daughter. Moses, 
the eldest son, was born April 3, 1771; married Judith, 
daughter of John Caverno, Aug. 4, 1793, and the follow- 
ing year removed to Loudon and located on a lot of land 
given him by his father. He died June 25, 1821. Mrs. 
Judith Caverly died Feb. 1, 1824, aged forty-nine years. 
They had two sons, Solomon and Moses, the former was 
born Feb. 21, 1795, the latter, April 13, 1797. Solomon 
married Sarah, daughter of John Moore of Canterbury, 
NoY. 14, 1816, and settled on a farm given to him by his 
father, and adjoining the homestead. They had two chil- 
dren, a son and daughter. 

The son, Abial Moore Caverly, was born Nov. 28, 1817, 
and after having pursued a preparatory course of study, 
became the pupil of R. P. J. Tenney, M. D., of Loudon, under 


whose instruction he remained one year. The Last two 
years of his medical course were spent under the tutelage 
of Dr. William W. Brown of Manchester. He attended 
lectures at Dartmouth Medical College and the Phila- 
del])hia College of Medicine, grjiduating from the latter 
institution, after which he spent several months in the 
Pennsylvania Hospital. He married Caroline, daughter of 
Thomas Ames, Esq., of Canterbtu'v, March 25, 1845, and 
the follo^ving year was elected ])rincipal of the South 
(iramniar School in Manchester, and he entered upon the 
duties of the position the next spring. Mrs. Caroline 
Caverly died FeiD. 2, 1S51, and the following year he 
resigned his position as teacher, antl again resumed the 
study and iM'actice of medicine with Dr. Brown. On com- 
ing to Troy he purchased the location owned by Dr. Mil- 
ler, near the railroad bridge, now owned by Mrs. F. S. 
Schnell, and resided there imtil the 30th of November, 
1854, when he married Sarah L., daughter of Solomon 
Goddard, and afterwards resided on the Goddard place. 

Dr. Caverly was a skillful and successful practitioner 
and had a large practice, and was honored with several 
town offices. He was Superintending School Committee 
for several years. Representative to the Legislature in 1861 
-62, town clerk, 1857-59. He possessed a love for anti- 
fjuarian and historical researches, and while engaged in 
riding over these hills, as duty called, he collected infor- 
mation concerning the early settlement of this region and 
the early settlers, which was incorporated in a 'History 
of Troy," pulilished in 1859. The possessors of this infor- 
mation long since passed from the stage of life, and the 
facts here presented have been valuable in giving a more 
complete histor_v of the towns from which this town was 
formed. In the spring of 1863, he removed to Pittsford, 
Vt., where he continued in practice until his death. Being 



actuated liy the same love for hivStorical research, he col- 
lected material and wrote a "History of Pittsford," which 
was published in 1872. 

AiiiAi, M. Cavekly, M. D. 

Mary Ann Harris, daughter of Luke Harris, entered 
upon the study of medicine at the time when the subject 
of the medical education of women was first brought 
forward. The first women's medical college was estab- 
lished in Philadelphia, although there had previously been 
formed in Boston a "Female Medical Educational Society," 
which was chartered in 1852, for the education of mid- 
wives, nurses and female physicians, and in 18r)() was 
chartered as the "New England Female Medical College." 
From this institution Miss Harris graduated in 1859, and 
after graduation settled in Abington, Mass., remaining for 
three years. Not being in robust health she returned to 
her native town and practiced her profession during the 



Slimmer season for about tliree years. She married Jabez 
Butler in 18G9 and removed from town, giving up 
the practice of medicine. The following resolution was 
adopted at the annual meeting in 1894: 

Mary A. Harris Butler, M. D. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Town of Troy are liere1)y ]3resented 
to Mrs. Mary A. Harris Butler, for her ynft, free of all ex])eiise to the 
town, of the tower clock which now adorns the town house. 

Resolved, That the town clerk be requested to transmit to Mi's. But- 
ler, an attested copy of this resolution. 

Daniel Farrar, AI. D., was born in Troy and ^vas the 
sixth physician to locate in the town. lie graduated from 



the Harvard Medical School m the spring- of 1S(')2. He 
was appointed Assistant Surgeon of the Third New 
Hampshire Regiment, Aug. 13, 1862, and arrived at the 
regiment about the middle of Sejjtember, 1SG2. His ])osi- 
tion at this time was an anomalous one, as in his appoint- 
ment a vacancy was antici]3ated in the medical staff and 

Danikl Fakkak, M. 1). 

soon after occurred. He began his duties at once and 
performed them well. In the spring of lS()a, the regiment 
was scattered, two companies being at Hilton Head, S. C, 
seven companies were at Pickney Island and one com]mny 


at Pope's. Dr. Farrar remained with the two coinpanies 
at Hilton Head. On April 15, 1863, after the regiment 
had gone to Edisto Island, Dr. Farrar was ordered to 
special duty, taking charge of the sick at the outposts of 
Hilton Head (Seabrook, Fort Alitchel, P*ope's, Jenkin's 
Island and Spanish Wells), with headquarters at Pope's. 
He had scarcely entered upon these duties when he was 
relieved by an order relieving everybod}- in the brigade of 
which the Third New Hampshire was a part. He rejoined 
the regiment at Edisto River, and not being in good health 
very soon after sent in his resignation, which was not 
accepted. He repeated the act at once and was honorably 
discharged, on surgeon's certificate of disability, at Botany 
Bay Island, on May 4, 1863. Fpon his return home he 
commenced practice here. Not being physicallv strong he 
could not endure the rides over this hilly country', and he 
gave uj) his practice sometime in 1865, and afterwards 
removed to Leominster, Mass., where he continued in 
]3ractice till his death, June 3, 1875. 

Dr. Farrar was succeeded b^- Daniel B. Woodward, 
M. D., who practiced until about 1868, when he removed 
to Ellenburgh, N. Y., where he now resides. 

The next physician was Dr. Benjamin H. Hartwell, who 
was born in Acton, Mass., Feb. 27, 184-5 ; graduated at 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Alarch, 1868. He 
commenced practice here the following May, and remained 
imtil March, 1869. He removed to Ayer, Alass., where he 
has since resided, a highly respected and successful physician. 

Dr. John Dodge came next from Springfield, Vt., but 
remained only a few months. 

Dr. Carl G. Aletcalf was the tenth phA'sician. Born in 
East Unity, N. H., April 21, 1846; studied medicine with 
Drs. Butler of Lcmpster and Swett of Newport, graduating 
at Albanv Aledical College in December, 1869. Commenced 


practice in Troy in February, 1870, remaining until April, 
1872, when he removed to Middleton, Mass., where he 
was located three years. Failing health required a year's 
rest, and in 1876 he located in Marlborough, Mass., where 
he resided until his death, Nov. 1, 1884. He married, in 
August, 1872, Abliie A., daughter of Rev. Levi Brigham. 

The next physician to settle here was Dr. M. S. Fer- 
guson, but he remained only a short time. 

The twelfth physician to locate here was Dr. Benjamin 
E. Harriman. He was born in Concord, Oct. 20, 1851, 
v^hile his famih^ were temporarily residing at the capital, 
his father, Ex-Governor Walter Harriman of Warner, fill- 
ing at that time the responsible office of state treasurer. 
He commenced the study of medicine in 1874, with 
A. H. Crosby, M. D., of Concord. He attended one 
course of lectures at the University of Vermont, two at 
Bellevue Hospital Medical College, and three at Dartmouth 
Medical College, graduating from the latter institution in 
November, 1877. He commenced the practice of medicine 
at Manchester in the December following and almost im- 
mediately acquired a good practice, and met with a 
success most flattering to a beginner. He had not been 
in robust health for several years, and in June, 1878, he 
broke down and gave up his practice, going to Florida 
for the winter, without much apparent benefit. In October, 
1879, he established himself in Troy, and once more at- 
tempted to practice, meeting with encouraging success, but 
the labors of a country practice so wore upon him, that he 
again succumbed and he returned home the last of the fol- 
lowing February, and now, really for the last time. Even 
then he would not admit that his life's work was done, 
but combatted his disease as best he was able and looked 
forward to the time when he should be strong enough to 
renew the practice of his profession. These hopes were 



not destined to end in fruition, for he continued to grow^ 
worse, and finally passed peacefully a\vay, on the morn- 
ing of Alay 23, 1880. 

In April, 1879, Dr. Harriman married Aliss Jessie B., 
daugrhter of Isaac W. Farmer of Manchester. 

Melvin T. Stone, M. D. 

Dr. M. T. Stone settled in Troy, Feb. 20, 1880. 
Studied medicine with Dr. F. A. Stillings of Concord, 
N. H., and graduated from Dartmouth Medical College, 
November, 1879. 


The legal profession has never had but one representa- 
tive who became a resident of Troj-. Whether this should 
be attributed to the peaceful disposition of the citizens, or 
to soine other cause, we Avill not attempt to state. The 
fact is but one lawyer ever resided in Troy. Luther Chap- 
man, Esq., was born in Keene, Dec. 28, 1788, and was 
the son of Samuel Chapman, a farmer of that town. He 
gr^iduated at Dartmouth College in 1803, studying law 
with John C. Chamberlain, Esq., of Charlestown, and 
commenced the practice of his ]irofession in Swanzev in 
1806. He married Sally, datighter of Samuel King of 
Chesterfield, Eeb. 9, 1808, and removed to Fitzwilliam, 
where he resided until 1836, when he came to Troy and 
located in the house which formerly stood on the site of 
the double tenement house now owned by the Troy Blan- 
ket Mills. He was for many years a conspicuous member 
of the Cheshire bar, and although not regarded by inany 
of his associates as a very brilliant lawyer, was considered 
as one of the "best read" lawyers in the state. The fol- 
lowing anecdote is related of him : It is said that at one 
time he was defendant in a suit brovight against him by 
Cyrus Merrifield, which, though very small in magnitude, 
maintained its place upon the court docket through many 
successive terms, and afforded some amusement among his 
professional brethren. Whenever a term of court com- 
menced and he appeared, their first inquiry would be con- 
cerning the progress of the Merrifield suit. On one of 
these occasions he was asked how he got along with 
Merrifield; to which he replied, "I guess the suit is about 
done ; I told Merrifield the other day that he might take 

fifteen dollars and go to h 1, and I guess he will do it." 

Mr. Chapman returned to Fitzwilliam, \vhere he died Aug. 
15, 1856, aged seventy-seven. His wife died there Aug. 
1, 1869, aged eighty-seven. 




At a meeting- of the ^proprietors of the township Alonad- 
nock No. 4-, held at the inn of Capt. Thomas Cow^din, in 
Fitchliurg, Oct. 11, 1768, it was voted that the snni of 
twenty pounds, la\vful money, be paid to Col. Sampson 
Stoddard in consideration of his conveying to Doctor 
Gideon Tiffany tw^o lots of land to btiild a gristmill on, 
\vhieh sum was to be in full for the same. For some 
reason the mill built In- Tiffany Avas not accepted b\' the 
proprietors, and at a meeting held March 4, 1772, a com- 
mittee was chosen to put in execution the bond given b3^ 
Tififan^', to build and keep in good repair a gristmill, or 
to make some proper settlement with him regarding the 
mill. Soon after this, the mill was completed and put in 
order by Thomas Tolman. This mill, which stood near 
where the old blanket mill stands, answered the purpose 
of the proprietors. A little later he erected near it a good 
sawmill, which was close by the spot where the highway 
crosses the streain. Joshua Harrington purchased the 
property about 1780. The sawmill was not long used, 
but the gristmill for a long time ^vas known far and wide 
as the "Harrington mill," and was continued in operation 
by Mr. Harrington and his sons until about 1S34-, or 
more than fiftv vears. 


About 1779, Daniel Cutting built a sawmill near the 
present mill of C. D. Farrar, and Phineas Farrar built a 
gristmill at the North end in 1784. A sawmill was built 
near the present site of the Troy Blanket Mills ahoxit 
1789, by Ephraim Root, which was burned some years 

In 1803, Hezekiah Hodgkins built a sawmill on the 
location now owned by Geo. S. Colburn on East Hill. At 
one time Luke Parkhtu'st had a sawmill near the Porter 
White place, so-called, on West Hill. 

The manufacture of wooden ware is one of the most 
important industries of the town, having been carried on 
for more than one hundred years. 

Thomas Clark, in 1779, commenced the making of mor- 
tars, spools, plates, bowls and trays, which he carried 
away and exchanged for food and clothing, thus materi- 
ally adding to his income. 

The first shop erected for the manufacture of pails was 
built by Moses Curtis and was situated on the stream 
below the old tannery. At what time this shop was built 
we are unable to state, but about 1826, or a little later, 
the shop was purchased by Luke Harris, and soon after he 
formed a partnership with Charles Coolidge. This part- 
nership continued for a few years, ^vhen the shop w^as 
purchased by Mr. Coolidge who carried on the business 
alone until 1859, when he sold the shop to Thomas Goodall 
and retired from the business. 

In the spring of 1845, Capt. Solomon Goddard and 
Edwin Buttrick formed a partnership for the manufacture 
of pails, and built the brick pail shop now in use. This 
partnership continued until the death of Capt. Goddard, 
which occurred in 1854, when Mr. Buttrick bought his 
partner's share of the business which he carried on alone 
until 1866, when his son-in-law, Asa C. Dort, became a 



partner. In June, 1878, the lars^er part of the shop was 
destroyed b\^ fire, the sawmill and the interior of the brick 
building being burnt, entailing a loss of several thousand 
dollars. The present wooden buildings were built soon 
after. After the death of Mr. Buttrick in 1891, the latter 

I'AiL Shot ok E. IStttnick i\: Cii 

succeeded to the business which is still carried on under 
the name of E. Buttrick & Co. Some twenty or twent^'- 
five hands are emploA-ed in the manufacture of tubs and 
pails, consuming about twelve hundred cords of pine. 

About 1826, Amos Siblej^ built a new shop at the 
North end, \vhich was for several \^ears used as a peg mill 
and was afterwards converted into a pail shop. This mill 
remained vacant for a number of years and became the 
property of David W. Farrar. This is the mill now owned 
by his son, Charles D. Farrar, in which he commenced the 
manufacture of pails and buckets in 1873. 

Since 1880, Mr. Farrar has had his dr^^ houses destroyed 



by fire several times, either wholly or in part, with more 
or less loss each time, aggregating a large sum. He 
employs eighteen or twenty men, and uses about a thou- 
sand cords of pine yearly, making principally pails and 

jH*.?- . ;. 


-.. -..^ *J»i!> 

Pail Shop of Ciias. D. Fakrar. 

George Brown built a mill at the North end in 1837, 
in which he made wash boards, mop handles, clothespins, 
turned bed posts, mortars and fancy dishes. 

About 1878, Coolidge & Whittemore commenced the 
manufacture of wooden ware at Bowkerville, in the shop 
formerly owned by Elijah Bowker of Fitzwilliam. Both 
partners, Elbridge Coolidge and Henry M. Whittemore, 
are residents of Troy, but the mill is located just over the 
line in Fitzwilliam. This firm continued in business until 
1895 when Mr. Coolidge retired, and the business wiis 
conducted by Henry M. Whittemore for a short time. 

About 1801, William Barnard and Moses Aldrich built 


a scythe factory at the North end, the first one in town, 
and commenced making scythes, continuing in business 
until 1816, when they sold out to Amos Sibley, who 
carried on the business until 1844'. At that time it was 
considered a good day's ^vork for a person to make six 
scj^thes, which were worth ten dollars per dozen. He sold 
the scythe shop to Whitcomb & Forristall in 1856, who 
converted it into a pail shop. This is the building near 
the railroad crossing, which was last used as a pottery 
and is now owned by the Troy Blanket Mills. 

For several years AVebster Core}- made pail handles at 
his shop on West Hill, turning them by hand, and at one 
time did quite an extensive business, but the invention of 
machinery', so that the whole work is done automaticalh', 
has made it unprofitable to do business by hand turning. 

Winthrop Knight carried on the wheelwright business 
at his shop at the North end, and forty or fifty years ago 
manufactured sash and blinds. 

The manufacture of earthen ware and pottery was 
carried on more or less constantly for a period of sixty- 
five or seventy years. 

In 1821, Constant Weaver built a potter\', the first in 
town, which stood in the back part of what was recently 
the hotel garden. Air. Weaver did but little in the pottery 
himself, devoting his time to the tavern, but committed 
the management of it to his son,Avho proved incompetent to 
the task, and it not proving profitable was soon 
given up. 

About 1812, Col. Daniel W. Farrar built a pottery 
which stood in the forks of the road near the place owned 
by Mrs. Gilbert C. Bemis, and which was rented in 1817 
or 1818 to Solomon Goddard and Jonathan B. French, 
Avho carried on a partnership business for about three 
years, \vhen their business relations were dissolved. Capt. 


Goddard was a potter by trade, having served an appren- 
ticeship in his father's shop. Some time previous to the 
dissolving of the partnership, he had purchased of Joshua 
Harrington, Jr., about two acres of land with the build- 
ings thereon, which was part of the place now owned by 
Hiram W. Hutt, and upon which he built a new pottery 
in which he carried on business until 1843, when he sold 
it to Eri J. Spaulding, and after about two years entered 
into business with Edwin Huttrick in the manufacture of 
AATOoden ware. The old pottery in which Goddard and 
French worked was afterwards removed and formed ]iart 
of the dwelling house now owned by Nicholas Grimes. 

After quitting the pottery, French, in company with 
Moses Ballon, rented Col. Farrar's store and was engaged 
in trade for a short time but soon relinquished it and 
moved to the West. 

At one time there was a pottery on the brow of the 
hill just beyond the residence of John McCarley. This 
originally belonged to Rev. Ezekiel Rich and afterwards 
became the property of Elisha H. Tolman. Who carried 
on business in this establishment cannot be ascertained. 

About 1878, C. M. Silsby & Co. made pottery at the 
North end in the old Whitcomb & Forristall pail shop, 
and a year or two later by W. G. & R. M. Silsby for a 
short time, and afterwards by Henry McCormac. About 
the same time Charles A. Farrar was engaged in making 
pottery in the brick sho}) now owned by him. 

The business could not be made profitable in competi- 
tion with the larger establishments which turned out the 
cheaper grades of ware by machinery, and gradually fell 
into decay, and no manufacturing has been done for some 
twelve or fourteen years. 

Frank A. Aldrich carried on the North end pottery for 
a short time previous to Henry McCormac. 


Harvey Blanding built the shop now owned by C. A. 
Farrar, in 1849, in which he manufactured pails for about 
ten years, or initil his death. After his death the shop 
was purchased by E. P. Kimball and Daniel M. Farrar, 
and for a time was rented to one Perley for the manu- 
facture of chair stock. After a time Mr. Farrar purchased 
the interest of his partner and engaged in the manufacture 
of pails until his death in 1870. He also built the saw- 
mill w^hich is now a part of the shop of Marcus V. Damon. 

Jason Winch, a native of F'ramingham, Mass., came 
here in 1782 or 1783, and built a tannery on the site of 
the one burned a few 3^ears since. He carried on tanning 
and currying for a few years, but being unfortunate in 
business he closed it up and left toAvn. It is c[uite prob- 
able that the property remained idle until 1815, wdien the 
tanyard and the Warren stand was purchased by Lyman 
Wright, of David White and Joshua Harrington, w^ho 
obtained them of Warren at the time he left town. He 
came here from Templeton, Mass., where he learned the 
tanner's trade. Soon after acquiring the property, he built 
a new tannery w^hich stood nearly over the stream and a 
little lower down than the old one. Some 3'ears after he 
moved it farther up the stream and toward the north, 
putting an addition upon the east end, and this formed 
the principal part of the tannery as long as it stood. 

Moses Bush, a native of Templeton and a tanner by 
trade, came here in 1824, and formed a partnership with 
Col. Wright, Avhich continued until the death of Mr. Bush 
in 1826. 

At a later period a partnership was formed with 
Francis Foster, and the firm of Wright & Foster con- 
tinued in business until the death of Mr. Wright. Mr. 
Foster carried on the business alone for several years, but 
in 1869 the tannery passed into the hands of W. G. & R. 


M. Silsby. The firm consisted of William G. Silsby and 
Robert M. Silsby, tanners by trade, who came here from 
Alstead. They carried on the business for about fifteen 
years, when the former retired from the firm. R. M. Silsln- 
carried on business for a short time until the destruction 
of the tannery by fire, which occurred April 13, 1887. 

The tannery site and water privileg^e is now owned bj^ 
the Troy Blanket Mills. Charles Davis, a native of Han- 
cock, came here in 1819, and purchased an old house 
which stood on the farm formerly owned by John Flagg 
and moved it to the village. Mr. Davis was a hatter by 
trade, and a part of his house was finished for a hat shop, 
and was probably the first establishment of the kind in 
Troy. He carried on the business for about ten years and 
then moved to Holden, Mass. 

Benjamin F. Grosvenor, a hatter, came here about 
1831, and commenced hat making in what is now called 
the tinshop house. On coming here he formed a partner- 
ship wnth Edward Tolman, and the following year he sold 
his interest to Tolman and moved to New Boston, where 
he resided one year, and then ^vent to Hillsborough 
Bridge, but returned to Troy in 1836, and resumed the 
business of hat making. The following 3^ear he built a 
shop w^hich stood near what is now the stable of C. W. 
Brown's heirs, which was removed in 1856 and converted 
into a dwelling house. He removed from here to Me- 
thuen, Mass. 

The business was afterwards carried on by E. P. Kim- 
ball, who served an apprenticeship under Grosvenor. Mr. 
Kimball carried on the business of tinsmith in the same 
house for a number of years, the tinshop house, so-called, 
and at one time had ten peddlers on the road. 

Alexander Parkman, a clothier by trade, had a fulling 
mill near the present site of the Troy Blanket Mills, about 


1778. He lived here for about ten years, and it is pre- 
sumed found plenty of work to keep him busy in the sea- 
son for dressing cloth, for at that time all families spun 
their ^-arn and wove their cloth. He removed to Xew 
York about 1788. 

About 1790, a fulling mill was built in the village. By 
whom built or operated cannot he stated. About 1800, 
two brothers, John and William Brown, came here from 
Fitchburg and purchased the mill and worked at their 
trade as clothiers a short time, but not succeeding accord- 
ing to their expectations, they sold the mill to Thomas 
Benney and moved back to Fitchburg. The mill was 
burnt soon after and Mr. Benney rebuilt it. He remained 
for three or four j^ears and then left the place. 

Salmon Whittemore bought of Jonathan Wood of Fitz- 
william, the Benney mill, April, 1815, paying sixteen hun- 
dred dollars for the same, but the mill was old and tlie 
timbers so decayed that the following ^-ear he took the 
mill down and built a new one on the same spot, and 
this building was the one that formed that part of the 
tannery which was used for finishing leather. Air. Whit- 
temore carried on the mill for several 3'ears and was 
succeeded by Oliver Hawkins, who used the mill onh' for 
a short time. After this the building was used by a Mr. 
Coolidge for the manufacture of rakes, and later by one 
Danforth for the manufacture of pitchforks, etc., and still 
later by William Jackson, Avho made axes. 

Joshua Harrington, Jr., and his brother, Elijah Har- 
rington, built a carding mill about 1808, which stood on 
the opposite side of the stream from what is now called 
the "middle mill" of the Tro^- Blanket Alills. They car- 
ried on business until 1808, when Joshua sold his interest 
in the mill to his brother Elijah. He continued the 
business alone in the season for carding wool until 184-0, 



when he sold it to Charles Coolidge, who took it down, 
as it interfered with the operation of his pail mill. 

Luke Harris bought the gristmill and water ]3riYilege 
of Elijah Harrington, in 1836. He took the gristmill 
down and commenced immediately to build a factory, 
which was completed the following year and used to 
manufacture Avoolen cloth. 

The most important and chief branch of industry, and 
one that has added much to the growth and prosperity- 

Troy Blanket Mill.s — Front View. 


of the towm, is the manufacture of horse blankets. Tro}-- 
is the birthplace of this branch of industry, for previous 
to the time when the first blanket was made by Thomas 
Goodall, in 1857, there was none made in America, all 
blankets used being the English square blanket, imported 
and expensive. From a very small beginning, this branch 
of manufacturing: has become an extensive one throughout 


the country-, and is an important one in manA' towns in 
Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts. 

Thomas Goodall was a native of Dewsbur^', England, 
and served an apprenticeship with a large manufacturing 
establishment in his native town for eleven years. He 
came to America in 1846 and settled in Troy in 1851. 
On coming to Troy he hired the Harris mill, then owned 
by Stephen Wheeler and Brown Nurse, and in company 
with a Mr. Turner, commenced the manufacture of a 
cheap grade of beavers and satinets, or "nigger cloth," as 
it was called on account of its color. The weaving was 
done in the Harris mill, but the material v\'as prepared at 
the mill of Winthrop Knight, at the North end. 

After a few years, Goodall & Turner sold out to Bur- 
nett & Risley, Air. Goodall going to Ashuelot, where he 
engaged in getting out shoddy; from there going to 
Marlborough. The latter firm did not possess sufficient 
capital to conduct a successful business, and Mr. Goodall 
returned to Troy, bu^'ing out the interest of Burnett, the 
firm becoming Goodall «Sc Risley. The business did not 
pay and Risley disposed of his interest to Air. Goodall. 
This w^as just preceding the financial panic of 1857; 
business Avas getting dull and mone^" scarce, and horse 
blankets were iinported and expensive. Air. Goodall con- 
ceived the idea of making blankets from the cheap cloth 
\vhich he was manufacturing, with straps and buckles 
attached. This cloth was three-fourths of a yard in width, 
and the first blanket w^as made b_v taking two strips of 
suitable length, joining them together, a narrow strip of 
red flannel being used to cover the seam and for Ijinding. 
As all the imported blankets w^ere square, an improvement 
w^as made in those for stable use in having them cut out 
so as to fit the neck without wrinkling. As a blanket 
made from this cloth was not quite wide enough, the 



\vidth was increased to one yard, and for a long time the 
blankets were made in this manner, being sewed together 
b}' hand by the people of the village, the cloth being cut 
into suitable lengths and shaped and distributed at their 
residences. The lolankets did not sell very readily at first, 
but the hard times and the war of the Rebellion soon 
created a demand for a cheap blanket and they then 
found a ready sale, and for several years the business 
proved highh- profitable. 

Troy Blanket Mills — Rear View. 

After a time, Mr. Goodall purchased the mill and also 
the building known as the middle mill, and continued in 
business until November, 1865, when the Troy Blanket 
Mills was formed by J. H. Elliot, R. H. Porter and Bar- 
rett Riplev of Keene, who purchased of Goodall the mills 
and machinery and all the other real estate and privileges 
owned bv him. At that time the mill contained two sets 


of cards, two hand jacks, nine looms and but one or two 
sewing machines, as most of the blankets were made by 
hand. The present brick mill was erected in 1869 and 
contained three sets of cards, jacks and looms. It was 
enlarged in 1877, and the machinery of the old mill moved 
to it and the old mill abandoned. 

The mill was enlarged in 1880, at that time containing 
ten sets of cards, seven self-operating jacks, with fourteen 
hundred spindles and sixty looms, besides printing machin- 
er3^ and se\ving machines. It was further enlarged in 
1887, when the office was built; in 1889, by the addition 
of the engine house, storehouse and west \ving, and again 
in 1890 and 1892. The capacity of the mill has been 
increased from five hundred blankets daily in 1880, to 
twelve hundred at the present time, and two hundred and 
fifty hands are employed. 

Barrett Ripley was superintendent until 1887. The 
Troy Blanket Mills was incorporated Jan. 1, 1887, with 
a capital stock of eighty thousand dollars. Franklin Rip- 
ley is the present superintendent. 

The growth of the town has been commensurate Avith 
the groAvth of this industry. 

Mr. Goodall located in Sanford, Maine, after leaving 
Troy, where he has been very successful, building up a 
large and prosperous business, having six or seven large 
mills used in the manufacture of blankets, plushes and 
plush goods of various descriptions, and about which has 
developed a large and flourishing village. 

But little was done in the granite industry until within 
a very few years, although Troy contains granite of a 
superior quality, which has been found to be very valu- 
able for building and monumental purposes, having good 
color and evenness and firmness of composition which 
enables it to withstand exposure, holding its color well 



after long exposure to air and moisture. As examples, 
the residences of Mrs. Sarah E. Harris and Hiram C. New- 
ton may be cited, both having been built more than fifty 
years ago from stone taken from the quarry now owned 
by the Troy Granite Co. 

Quite a good many j^ears ago, a Mr. Bates opened a 
quarry near the present farm of Michael Enright, 2d. 
The stone was used in the construction of a l)ank build- 
ing in Fitchburg. This quarry was afterwards owned by 
David Woodward, but little stone was ever taken from it, 
and it has remained idle for twenty years or more. 

Alpheus Crosby owned the Falls quarry, now^ owned 
bv the Trov Granite Co., and got out the stone from 

Quarry ok Tkov Gkaxite Co. 

which the basement to the Congregational church and the 
house of Mrs. Harris was built, the latter in 1837. Later 
one Frye became the owner and built the house now 
owned by H. C. Newton. After changing hands several 
times, it became the property of Luther Whittemore, but 


it was not worked much, nearly if not all the stone taken 
out being- used for local purposes only. About 1890-91, 
the quarry became the property of Pellett Bros, of Wor- 
cester, Mass., who quarried considerable stone which they 
used for building purposes. After a year or two they sold 
out to other Worcester parties, who operate it imder the 
name of the Troy Granite Co. The present officers are, L. 
A. Taylor, president; O. W. Norcross, vice president; A. 
O. Knights, treasurer. In 1895 the firm of Norcross Bros, 
secured the contract for building the approaches to the 
new Congressional Library at Washington, Avhich they 
built of the Troy granite, erecting a large shed, two hun- 
dred feet in length, and several other buildings for the 
purpose, and for a time over a hundred men were em- 
ployed. Previous to this all stone had been shipped in the 
rough state. William Y. Woodbury is the present super- 

Marcus V. Damon commenced the manufacture of pails 
in 1893, on the site of the Mellen Farrar sawmill. 

Austin B. Gates manufactured clothespins in the mill 
now owned by Arthur Edwards. This mill was built by 
Mr. Gates and was afterwards owned by John Woods and 
later, by George Brown and A. W. Stock well, who sold it 
to Edwards. 

In 1883, Oliver C. Whitcomb came here from Swanzey 
and commenced the manufacture of locked corner packing 
boxes in the old mill formerly occupied by the Troy Blan- 
ket Mills. A few years after, Frank S. Harris entered into 
partnership with Mr. Whitcomb, the firm name being O. 
C. Whitcomb & Co. Some tAventy to thirty hands were 
constantly eni ployed, and it became necessary to procure 
larger and more commodious quarters. Accordingly the 
old "picture frame sho]) " was leased and was being fitted 
up for the business, when it was destroyed by the fire 


which occurred in April, 1S87. They remained in their 
former quarters until 1891, when they moved to Harris- 

The making of brick was an industry- that has laeen 
carried on quite successfully at different times. The first 
brickyard was near the present residence of Elijah H. 
Adams, and was owned and conducted by Rev. Ezekiel 
Rich for a short time, when it was abandoned. The brick 
used in building the Congregational church were made in 
this yard. Mr. Rich also owned another yard, which is 
that part east of the railroad, now owned by the Troy 
Brick Co. This became the property of Elisha H. Tolman, 
who manufactured brick for a few years. After this it 
passed into the hands of E. P. Kimball, who sold it to W. 
P. Chamberlain of Keene, and the clay was used in the 
manufacture of pottery at Keene. It then became the 
property of George W. Ball of Keene, who made brick for 
some years, when the business was abandoned, and it 
remained idle. About 1888 or 1889, the property was 
sold at auction for one hundred dollars, and was pur- 
chased by a company, of whom C. C. Abbey of Chicopee, 
Mass., and M. J. Sherman of Keene w^ere the principal 
ov^ners, and known as the Troy Brick Co. Considerable 
money was expended in erecting nev^ buildings and sheds 
and putting in modern machinery and implements, and for 
several years a large number of bricks w^ere made. 

About 1836, Capt. Thomas Wright opened a yard near 
where George A. Starkey's trout ponds are situated, and 
carried on a successful business for twenty-five or thirty 
years. He did considerable business as a contractor, and 
inade the brick for and built all the brick structures in the 
village Avith the single exception of the Congregational 

In 1870, Moses E. Wright, Henry J. Brown and E. P. 


Kimliall formed a partnership under the name of Wright, 
Brown & Co., for the manufacture of picture frames and 
moulding. The frames \vere made in the brick shop now 
ow^ned by C. A. Farrar, and the finishing done in part of 
Mr. Kimball's store. In 1873, a building was erected on 
the opposite side of the stream from the tannery', eighty' 
by forty feet, two stories high with basement, and the 
business moved into it. The enterprise proved profitable 
for several years, but finally the firm was dissolved, and 
later H. J. Brown & Co. carried on the manufacture of 
brooms for some three or four \'ears. This firm was com- 
posed of Henry J. Brown, Charles C. Smith and E. P. 
Kimball. For several years after this the building remained 
empty, until the spring of 1887, when it was leased by O. 
C. Whitcomb & Co. for the manufacture of boxes, and 
was being fitted up for that purpose when it was destroj^ed 
by fire, April 13, 1887. 

About fifty years ago, James R., Alvah and Abner Stan- 
Ic}^ purchased the Hodgkins mill on East Hill, and making 
soiue additions and improvements, carried on business for 
many years, first in getting out chair posts, which were 
carried to Gardner b^' team, and later in the maniifacture of 
clothespins and ofiice chairs. They also operated a grist- 
mill during the time, and did the grinding for the siu-- 
rounding countr}' in Jaffrey, Marlborough, Fitzwilliam and 
Troy. This mill was afterwards purchased by George S. 
Colburn, and operated by him at different times, until it 
was burned a few vears since. 




During the years 1735 to 1760, the ahnost constant 
wars with the Indians made it a matter of importance 
that some direct way of commmiication should 1)e estab- 
lished between Massachusetts and the frontier towns 
towards Canada. During this time Massachusetts claimed 
nearly all of Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont as part 
of her territor\'', and sustained garrisons along the Con- 
necticut river, in townships that had been granted by that 
Province, to protect their frontier. These forts were at 
Number Four, or Charlestown ; Great Meadow, or West- 
moreland ; Great Falls, or Walpole; Fort Dummcr, or 
Hinsdale; Upper Ashuelot, or Keene ; and Lower Ashuelot, 
or Swanzey. In order to transport the munitions of war 
with the troops through the wilderness to these frontier 
forts, it would seem that roads for wheeled vehicles would 
be necessary and constructed. That such a road was 
made through this section of territory is undoulitedly true, 
although there is no record of it, only what has been 
handed down by tradition, therefore it is impossible to 
state the time it was built or the exact location, although 
its general direction can be given. It is quite iirobable 
that this road, or that portion of it in Massachusetts, 


was built about 1735, starting from the vicinity- of Fitch- 
burg, Mass., passing through Ashburnham, into Winchen- 
don. As the first settlement in this region was made 
about 1760, this part of the road must have been made 
at a later date, or else the first settler must have taken 
the trail from what had been the road some fifteen or 
twenty years previously. 

The uncertainty of the location is due to the reason 
that, in succeeding years, wherever the road did not ineet 
the wants of the people as a public highwa}-, it soon went 
out of use, and wherever it did it was maintained like all 
other town roads, and soon its history became lost. 

From Winchendon, it is believed that a branch extended 
in a westerly direction, passing through the southwestern 
corner of Fitzwilliam into Richmond, and continuing on 
to Fort Dummer. The other branch, and most important 
one, taking a northwesterly direction, passing through the 
entire length of Fitzwilliam, proceeded onward to Number 
Four, or Charlestown. 

The Fitzwilliam historian says that in 1871 he easih' 
traced the road for a considerable distance through the 
northwest section of the town, and that it was located a 
short distance ^\'est of the former residence of Gilbert C. 
Bemis, burned a few years since, and proceeding northerly, 
passed east of Rockwood pond and west of the present 
traveled highway'. The track was grown up with trees, 
and some of them of verA' large size, but the sluices made 
across the water courses were standing as they were built, 
one hundred and fifty years ago. From the point above 
named it proceeded in a northerly course to Troy village, 
and taking a northeasterh' direction, passed near the 
present residence of John Tatro, and on over the hill near 
the old Clark place into Swanzey. 

It is highly probable that this road was continued on 


through Vermont, and was used for the transportation of 
troops and supplies from Massachusetts and New Hamp- 
shire during the Revolutionary War for the military oper- 
ations that took place in the Lake Champlain region. 

One of the older inhabitants of the town once remarked 
to the writer that undoubtedly some of the powder used 
in fighting the battle of Bennington was transported over 
this road. 


The records of the Post Office Department show that a 
post office was not established in Troy until about nine 
years after the incorporation of the town, the majority of 
the inhabitants receiving their mail through the post 
office at Fitzwilliam, which was established in 1805. 
The Marlborough post office was not established until 
1823, or a little more than a year previous to Troy* the 
people of that town getting their mail through the office 
at Keene. 

A post office was established in Troy, March 10, 1824, 
and Daniel W. Farrar was appointed postmaster. 

The following is a list of the persons who have held 
the office of postmaster, up to the present time, with the 
date of their commissions : 

Daniel W. Farrar, Mar. 10, 1824-. 

Stephen Wheeler, April 1), 1S25. 

Otis C. Whiton, Jan. i), 1,S27. 

Brown Nurse, Fell. 27, 1886. 

David W. Farrar, Mar. 11), 1850. 

Edward P. Kimball, April 2, 1855. 
Charles W. Whitney, • July 23, 1801. 

David W. Farrar, Dec. 17, 18f54-. 

Charles W. Whitney, Oct. 13, 1865. 

Wilham G. vSils])y, April 24-, 1871. 

Charles W. Whitney, April 27. 1871. 

Warren W. Kimball, Aujr. 25, 1885. 

Herbert P. Thompson, July 12, 18'J7. 



A fire engine conii)an\' \vas incorporated in 1839, 
according to the following notice : 

Be It Known, That Charles CooHdge, N. B. RolHns, Benj. F. Grosve- 
nor and fifteen others, inhabitants of Troy, have associated themselves 
into a Company to be known by the name of F'irc Engine Company', 
No. 1, in said Troy, agreeable to the Laws of the State of New Hamp- 

Troy, N. H., Feb'y 20, 1839. Wm. S. Hutchins, Clerk. 

The names of the other members of the company can- 
not be given, because of the deficiency in the records. 

In 1S43, the company was composed of Edward Far- 
rar, D. D. Foster, Edwin Buttrick, J. F. Craig, Stephen 
Starkey, William Alarshall, Charles Coolidge, John Wheeler, 
Samuel G. Whitney, Charles Carpenter, Milton Frost, J. 
How, Isaac Aldrich, George Fairbanks, N. F. Newell. A. R. 
Ballou and Charles Patch. 

The annual meeting was held at the engine hall, Jan. 2, 
1843. After the roll had been called the company voted 
to adjourn to the tavern of Capt. Stephen Wheeler for 
thirty minutes, probably for refreshments, after which the 
following list of ofiicers were chosen: William Alarshall, 
Clerk; Charles Coolidge, Captain; D. D. Foster, First 
Steward ; John Wheeler, Second Steward ; S. G. Whitney, 
Charles Carpenter and Alilton Frost, Standing Committee. 
George Fairbanks, A. R. Ballou, Stephen Starkey, Charles 
Patch and J. F. Craig were new members appointed at 
this meeting. 

The by-laws required the members to meet once a 
month, and for failure to be present at the meeting, each 
absentee was subject to a fine of twent^'^-five cents, or 
twelve and one-half cents each roll call, and fifty cents 
when absent from a fire. 



At the next annual meeting, Eri J. Spaulding, E. P. 
Kimball, N. Whitcomb and E. Wheeler became members. 

The records do not show at what time the first engine 
was purchased, but it was probably soon after the forma- 
tion of the company. This machine is one of the oldest 
fire engines in the United States. The date of its manu- 
facture is unknown, but at the tiine it was purchased was 
considered a great improvement over anything used for 
such ]3urposes. The machine can still be used for throwing 
water. It was made by the National Hydraulic Company 
of Proctors ville, Vt., a company wdiich w^as organized in 

Old Fire Engine. 

1829. The body of the machine is about six and one-half 
feet in length and two and one-fourth feet wide. The tank 
which holds the water is at the back end of the apparatus 
and is about four and one-half feet in length, two feet 
wide, and fourteen inches deep. The pump is of the rotary 
pattern and is operated by two cranks a little over four 
feet in length, there being room for four or five men on 
each crank. There is no suction hose attached, and the 
water was drawn from wells, cisterns or other sources, 
and carried to the machine in buckets or pails; a double 


row of men, women and children passing these from hand 
to hand to the engine ; the empty buckets being returned 
to the water supply in the same manner. There is a reel 
on the front of the machine for carrying the hose to be 
attached to the pipe, and in the front part is a compart- 
ment for carrying such articles as desired. For years this 
engine was kept in a ]:)lace prepared for it in the nortli 
end of the shed attached to the store of C. W. Whitney. 

The old engine having been in use for twenty years or 
more, hiid become nearly obsolete, and a more modern 
machine was necessary for the suitable protection of prop- 
erty against fire, and the company took measures to ]h-o- 
cure one. They held a levee, or fair, Feb. 19, 1862, for 
the purpose of raising money to go toward pinxhasing a 
new engine, the proceeds of which amounted to one hun- 
dred and fifty-two dollars and twenty-four cents, individual 
members of the company subscribing in addition the smn 
of twenty-two dollars, making the total amount one htni- 
dred and seventy-four dollars and twenty-four cents. At 
the town meeting the following month, the town voted to 
raise a smn not exceeding three hundred dollars, to be put 
wnth the sum already raised for the purchase of a fire 
engine and hose, and Henry A. Porter was chosen the 
agent of the town for this pm'pose, to act in conjunction 
with C. B. Wright, agent of the fire company. 

An engine was purchased of the city of Chelsea, Mass., 
as ])er the following report made by Agent Wright : 

I 'aid City of Chelsea, for Hamilton, No. 4, $150 00 

Fare to Boston and back. 

Hotel bill and incidental exjjenses, 

Daniel W. Farrar, towards freight on engine, 

Troy, May 10th, 1S(32. 
The number of members originally required for a ftill 
company was about twenty, but in 1S63 the number was 












increased to forty. Soon after the ]:) of the new 
eiif^^iiie, the company adopted the name of Hamilton Fire 
Engine Company No. 1. With increased memljership and 
a larger machine, new f(narters became imperative, and in 
1S64 the company ])etitioned the selectmen to call a meet- 
ing, to see if the town would vote to build a new engine 
house. The town voted to take the north part of the 
lower portion of the town house for an engine room, 
appropriating three himdrcd dollars to defray the expense 

Hamilton I-'iki-: IC.nt.ixk. 

of ])utting the same in proper condition, under the direc- 
tion of a committee composed of E. P. Kind)all, Stc])hen 
B. Farrar and David Wheeler. 

During the past fifteen years, the town suffered consid- 
erably from frequent fires, the largest and most severe of 
which occurred April 13, 1887, when the tannery of R. M. 
Silsby, the picture frame shop and a house and barn 
belonging to the Troy Blanket Mills, were destroj^ed, and 
other adjacent property saved only after a desiderate fight 
by the fire department. 

The engine company did excellent work with the old 
Hamilton machine, and the escape of the village from 



serious destruction, led to a discussion of better protection 
against fires, and in 1891 the town appropriated eighteen 
hundred dollars tor the ]:)urchase of a steam fire engine. 
The matter was put in the hands of a committee, consist- 
ing of the three first members of the board of firewards, 
John H. Bigelow, Asa C. Dort and Franklin Ri]jley. A 
modem steam fire engine was purchased and the succeed- 
ing \'ear a suitable hose wagon was procured. The pur- 
chase of the steamer necessitated the formation of a new 

MoxADXocK Steamer axd Hose Wagon. 

company and Monadnock Steamer Compan\' was organ- 
ized. With the advent of the modern appliances for extin- 
guishing fires the necessity for Hamilton Engine Company 
ceased to exist and the company was disbanded after a 
continuous existence of more than fifty 3'ears. In the fall 
of 1893, a hydrant was put in near the town hall, and a 
line of pipe laid connecting ^vith the pipe system of the 
Tro3' Blanket Mills. The water supply is obtained from 
the stream which passes through the center of the village 
and from numerous large reservoirs in different parts of 
the village. 

With the modern apparatus and an efficient company 


of firemen for the projjer liandling of the same, and an 
abundant supply of water which can lie carried to all 
parts of the village, but few towns of the size of Troy 
have as good protection against conflagration. 


Freemasonry was established for the purpose of fraternal 
deeds of charity and lienevolence, and has been cherished 
and perpetuated by a united brotherhood through centu- 
ries, until it has spread over the whole world. 

When the pioneers of our country emigrated to America 
and established their colonies on our shores, there were 
laid the foundations of ^i great nation which was to 
insure social, religious and ])olitical freedom. Through all 
the vicissitudes and adverse circumstances of social and 
political revolutions the fraternity survived. 

Churches and schools were in turn followed by Masonic 
lodges and halls set apart for their accommodation duly 
consecrated. Some of these lodges were chartered by the 
Grand Lodge of England, and others by the Mother Kil- 
winning Grand Lodge of Scotland. When independence 
was declared, a large number of citizens were Freemasons, 
and the order flourished in a land where there was liberty 
of thought and freedom of conscience ; where the happiness 
of the human race was to be perpetuated through the 
tenets of "brotherly love, relief and truth." 

After independence was secured, grand lodges were 
formed in all the original states and the order grew and 
prospered. In the sparsely settled regions, the membership 
in a lodge of Freemasons was a tie that was highly 
appreciated, and the history of the public men of those 
early times show that the mutual claims of "brother 
Masons" had a prominent part in politics. The assertion 
that one William Morsfan had been abducted and drowned 


because he had revealed the secrets of the order, raised a 
storm of anti-masonry in 1S2G that swept over the country. 

For poHtical purposes, outrageous falsehoods and the 
most absurd statements regarding Freemasonry were cir- 
culated, and members of the order of the highest respecta- 
bility declared in vain that the}- had taken no obligation 
conflicting with their duties to God, their country, to 
society or themselves ; but were obliged to succumb before 
the storm of political persecution and hundreds of lodges 
were temporarih' closed. But after a few \'ears had 
elapsed. Freemasonry, true to itself and its principles, 
arose purified and regenerated, and resumed the discharge 
of its duties. Anti-masonry as a separate political force 
came to an end after the presidential election of 1832. 

The Grand Lodge of New Ham])shire chartered Jul}- 
23, ISOC), Charity Lodge No. IS, F. & .\. M., which was 
located at Fitzwilliam, and at the institution of the lodge 
the following officers were installed : 

Joshua Harrington, Worshipful Master. 

Josejih Winch, Senior Warden. 

David (Daniel, probalih') Farrar, Junior Warden. 

Benjamin Bemis, Jr., Treasurer. 

Joseph Carter, Secretary-. 

Benoni ShurtlefF, Senior Deacon. 

Edward Perkins, Junior Deacon. 

Alexander Foster, Steward. 

Josiah Goldsmith, TA'ler. 

Benjamin Bemis, Representative to Grand Lodge. 

Joseph Carter, Proxy. 

Of these persons, Joshua Harrington and Daniel Farrar 
■v\rere residents of Troy. Joshua Harrington was Master 
of the lodge in 1808 and 1812-13. 

The lodge was located in Swanze^- in 1817-18, then 
moved to Troy, where it remained luitil 1826, when it 
was returned to Fitzwilliam. It remained in Fitzwilliam 


until 1S47, when it was removed to Jaffrev. It is now 
located at East Jaffre^^ William Barnard, a resident of 
Troy, was one of the first Masons made in Charit\' Lodge. 
Members were admitted from these and adjoining towns 
and the lodge had al^out sixty members. 

Quite a large number of the residents of Troy were 
made Masons in Charity Lodge after it was located in 
Jafifrey, and finding it inconvenient to go so far to attend 
the meetings, a petition was presented to the Grand Lodge 
of New Hampshire for the fornuition of a lodge in Trov, 
and a charter was granted to Monadnock Lodge No. 80, 
F. & A. M., June 13, 1866. The petitioners, who became 
the charter members, were John Clement, E. P. Kimball, 
A. G. Hurlbutt, Elliott Whitcond), Amos J. Blake, D. M. 
Farrar, Silas Ciuuniings, Abner Gage, J. J. .\llen, Robert 
McDonald, Amos Gurnsey, A. B. Gates, A. J. Aldrich, 
Daniel B. Woodward, A. F. Boyce, Wm. G. Silsby and 
Lemuel W. Brown. 

The lodge was constitutctl, consecrated, and its ofl^icers 
installed, Aug. 23, 1866, by the Most Worshipful Grand 
Lodge of New Hampshire, under the direction and super- 
vision of District Deputy Grand Master Edward Gustine 
of Keene, Bro. R. H. Porter of Keene performing the 
duties of Grand Master. The following are the names of 
those installed as oflficers : 

John Clement, Worshipful Master. 

Silas Cummings, Senior Warden. 

.\mos J. Blake, Junior Warden. 

liliiott Whitcomb, Treasinx-r. 

.Vlljert G. Hurlbutt, Seeretary. 

Willifim Butler, Senior Deaeon. 

linoch S. .Mdricli, Junior I)eacon. 

.\. I'). (lates, Seni<jr Steward. 

.\l)iier (jat^e, Jmiior Steward. 

Lemuel W. Brown, T\-ler. 

J. T. Collins, Marshal. 



MAY, 1867. 

John Clement, \V. M. 
Amos J. Blake, S. W. 
Reuben Pratt, J. W. 
Elliott Whitcomb, T. 
A. G. Hnrllnttt, S. 
C. W. Whitney, Rep. to (r. L. 


John Clement, W. M. 
Amos J. Hlake, S. W. 
Reuben Pratt, J. D. 
ElHott Whiteoml). T. 
A. (t. Hurlbntt, S. 

John Clement, \V. M. 
C. W. Whitney, S. W. 
William Butler, J. W. 
,\l)ner (jage, T. 
A. G. Hurlbutt, S. 
A. J. Blake, Rep. to G. L. 



Charles W. Whitney, W. M. 

Wm. Butler, vS. W. 

Reuben Pratt, J. W. 

Abner Gage, T. 

Wm. G. Silsby, S. 

John Clement, Rej). to G. L. 

Elected . 

C. W. Whitney, W. AI. 

Wm. Butler,. S. W. 

R. Pratt, J. W. 

A. Gage, T. 

W. G. Silsby, S. 

J. Clement, Rej). to (j. L. 


C. W. Whitney, S. D. 
E. S. Aldrieh, J. D. 

Rev. Ira Bailey, Chajjlain. 
Amos (jurnsey, Tyler. 
A. B. Gates, S. S. 
.\bner Gage, J. S. 

Rev. Ira Bailey, Chaplain. 
Gustavus Lueke, S. U. 
L. D. Pease, J. D. 
L. W. Brown, Marshal. 
A. J. Aldrieh, S. S. 
Abner Gage, J. S. 
A. B. Gates, Tyler. 

Rev. Ira Bailey, Chaplain. 
L. I). Pease, S. D. 
Elbridge Cimimings, J. I). 
Wyman S. White, Marshal 
O. S. Adams, S. S. 
R. M. Silsby, J. S. 
I). C. Fassett, Tyler. 

E. S. Aldrieh, S. D. 
R. M. Silsby, J. D. 
W. S. White, Marshal. 
A. J. Aldrieh, S. S. 

D. C. Fassett, J. S. 
Elliott Whiteomb, Tyler. 


R. M. Silsby, S. D. 
Chas. D. Farrar, J. D. 
W. S. White, Marshal. 
A. J. Aldrieh, S. S. 
Lueian K. Warden, J. S. 

E. H. Streeter, Tvler. 



IN 72. 
Wm. Butler, W. M. 
George A. Whitteinore, S. W. 
R. M. Silsby. J. W. 
A. Gage, T. 
A. G. Hurlbiitt, S. 
C. W. Whitney, Rep. to G. L. 

Wm. Butler, W. M. 
R. M. Silsby, S. W. 
A. G. Hurlbutt, J. W. 
A. Gage, T. 
G. A. Adams, S. 
Geo. A. Whittemore, Rep. to G. L. 


R. M. Silsby, W. M. 
A. G. Hurlbutt. S. W. 
W. J. Boyden, J. W. 
A. Gage, T. 
Chas. E. Kimball, S. 
Wm. Butler, Rej). to G. L. 


R. M. Silsby, W. M. 
A. G. Hurlbutt, S. W. 
Wm. J. Boyden, J. W. 
C. E. Kimball, S. 
A. Gage, T. 
R. Pratt, Rep. to G. L. 

C. W. Whitney. W. M. 
W. J. Boyden, S. W. 


J. J. Allen, Chaplain. 

C. D. Farrar, S. D. 
Wm. J. Boyden, J. I). 
W. S. White, M. 

Wm. H. Blanchard, S. S. 
Thomas H. Lewis, J. S. 
E. H. Streeter, Tyler. 

J. J. Allen, Chaplain. 
W. J. Boyden. S. D. 
E. H. Streeter, J. D. 
Chas. B. Wright, M. 
A. B. Gates, S. S. 
Stephen A. Wright, J. S. 
J. A. Tupper. Tyler. 

Wm. G. Silsby. S. D. 
James E. Louby. J. D. 
Anson G. Beebe, Cluiplain. 
Albert E. Ingalls, S. S. 
Lester K. Stiles, J. S. 

D. C. Fassett, M. 
Benj. F. Clark, Tyler. 


W. G. Silsby, S. D. 
James E. Louby, J. D. 
A. G. Beebe, Chaplain. 

A. E. Ingalls, S. S. 
L. K. Stiles, J. S. 
D. C. Fassett, M. 

B. F. Clark, Tyler. 

Wm. Butler, S. D. 
Geo. W. Willis, J. D. 



W. G. Silsbv, J. \V. 
A. Gage T. 
Henry W. Farrar, S. 
A. G. Hnrlbutt. Rep. to G. 

Wm. J. Boyden, W. M. 
W. G. Silsby, S. W. 
G. W. Willis, J. W. 
L. W. Brown, T. 
H. W. Farrar, S. 
C. \V. Whitney, Rep. to G 

W. G. Silsby, W. M. 
G. W. Willis, S. W. 
A. E. Ingalls, J. W. 
L. W. Brown, T. 
H. W. Farrar, S. 
W. J. Boyden, Rep. to the G. 



. L. 



W. G. Silsby, W. M. 
G. W. Willis, S. W. 
C. D. Farrar, J. W. 
L. W. Brown, T. 
H. W. Farrar, S. 
W. J. Boyden, Rep. to G. L. 


A. E. Ingalls, S. S. 

B. F. Clark, J. S. 

L. W. Brown, Chaplain. 
A. J. Tupper, Tyler. 

Wm. Butler. S. D. 
Solon H. Lane, J. D. 
D. C. Fassett, M. 
A. B. (kites, Tyler. 

Wm. Butler, S. D. 
S. H. Lane, J. D. 
R. M. Silsby, Chaplain. 
L. K. Stiles, vS. S. 
W. H. Blanchard, J. S. 
C. D. Farrar, M. 
A. B. Gates, Tyler. 

Solon H. Lane, S. D. 
A. B. Gates, Tvler. 


G. \\. Willis, W. M. 
C. D. Farrar, S. W. 
H. W. Farrar, J. W^ 
L. W. Brown, T. 
A. G. Hurlbutt, S. 
W. G. vSilsby, Rfcp. to G. L. 

Wm. Butler, Chaplain. 
Chester L. Lane, S. D. 
Walter F. Page, J. D. 
D. C. Fassett, M. 
B. F. Clark, S. S. 
Geo. E. Lane, J. S. 
A. B. Gates, Tvler. 



G. W. Willis, W. M. 
C. D. Farrar, S. W. 
H. W. Farrar, J. W. 
A. G. Hurlbutt, S. 
L. W. Brown, T. 
R. M. Silsbv, Rep. to G. L. 

C. D. Farrar, W. M. 
H. W. Farrar, S. W. 
C. L. Lane, J. W. 
L. W. Brown, T. 
A. G. Hurlbutt, S. 
G. W. Willis, Rep. to G. L. 

C. D. Farrar, W. M. 
C. L. Lane, S. W. 
G. E. Lane, J. W. 
W. J. Boyden, T. 
Wm. Butler, Rep. to G. L. 





C. L. Lane, W. M. 
G. E. Lane, S. W. 
M. T. Stone, J. W. 
W. J. Boyden, T. 
A. G. Hurlbutt, S. 
C. D. Farrar, Rej). to G. L. 


G. E. Lane, W. M. 
M. T. Stone, S. W. 
C. M. Lane, J. W. 
W. J. Boyden, T. 
A. G. Hurlbutt, S. 
C. L. Lane. Rep. to G. L. 


C. L. Lane, S. D. 
G. E. Lane, J. D. 
B. F. Clark, S. S. 

J. M. Ramsdell, J. S. 
R. M. Silsliy, Chaplain. 
Don C. Taft, M. 

D. C. Fassett, Tyler. 


G. E. Lane, S. D. 
M. T. Stone, J. D. 

B. F. Clark, S. S. 

J. M. Ramsdell, J. S. 
R. M. Silsby, Chaplain. 
D. C. Fassett, Tyler. 

M. T. Stone, S. U. 
Henr3^ L. Barnard. J. D. 
R. M. Silsby, Chaplain. 
Wm. Butler, M. 
D. C. Fassett, Tyler. 


C. Marcelkis Lane, S. D. 
C. W. Whitney, Jr., J. D. 
R. M. Silsby, Chaplain. 
A. C. Dort, M. 

Fred C. Lincoln, S. S. 
Arthur A. Woodward, J. S. 
A. S. Mahon, Tyler. 

C. W. Whitney, Jr., S. I). 
A. A. Woodward, J. D. 
A. C. Dort, Chaphiin. 
L. H. Burnham, S. S. 
Geo. W. Mason, J. S. 
Wm. Butler, M. 
A. S. Mahon, Tvler. 




M. T. stone. W. M. 
C. M. Lane, S. W. 
C. W. Whitney. Jr., J. W. 
W. J. Boyden. T. 
A. S. Mahon, vS. 
G. E. Lane, Rep. to G. L. 


M. T. Stone, W. M. 
C. M. Lane, S. W. 
C. W. Whitney. Jr., J. W. 
W. J. Boyden, T. 
A. S. Mahon, S. 
A. S. Mahon, Rep. to G. L. 


M. T. Stone, W. M. 
C. M. Lane, S. W. 
C. W. Whitney, Jr., J. W. 
W. J. Boyden. T. 
A. S. Mahon, S. 
G. W. Mason, Re]), to G. L. 


C. M. Lane. W. M. 
C. W. Whitney, Jr., S. D. 
F. S. Schnell, J. W. 
W. J. Boyden, T. 
A. S. Mahon, S. 
M. T. Stone, Rep. to G. L. 

C. M. Lane, W. M. 
F. S. Schnell, S. W. 
J. M. Ramsdell, J. W. 


Fred S. Schnell, S. D. 
J. M. Ramsdell, J. D. 
A. C. Dort, Chaplain. 
C. D. Farrar, M. 
Geo. W. Mason, S. S. 

C. H. Applin, J. S. 

D. C. Fassett, Tyler. 


F. S. S;chnell. S. D. 

J. M. Ramsdell. J. D. 
A. C. Dort, Chaplain. 

G. W. Mason, S. S. 
C. H. Apphn, J. S. 
C. D. Farrar, M. 

L. W. Brown, T^der. 


F. S. vSchnell, S. D. 
J. M. Ramsdell, J. D. 
A. C. Dort, Cha])lain. 

G. W. Mason, S. S. 
C. H. Applin, J. vS. 
C. D. Farrar, M. 

C. ^N. Whitney, Tyler. 

J. M. Ramsdell, vS. D. 
Frank S. Harris, J. D. 
A. C. Dort, Chaplain. 
Geo. A. Starkey, S. S. 
Herbert A. Marshall, J. S. 
H. M. Whittemore, M. 
G. W. Mason, Tyler. 

F. S. Harris, S. D. 
Geo. A. Starkey, J. D. 
A. C. Dort, Chaplain. 



W. J. Boydeii, T. 
A. S. Mahon, S. 
M. T. Stone, Rop. to O. L. 


Elected . 
F. S. vSchnell, W. M. 
J. M. Ramsdell, S. W. 
F. S. Harris, J. W. 
W. J. Boyden, T. 
A. S. Mahon, S. 
C. M. Lane, Rep. to G. L. 


F. S. Schnell, W. M. 
J. M. Ramsdell, vS. W. 
H. L. Barnard, J. W. 
W. J. Boyden, T. 
A. S. Mahon, S. 
M. T. Stone, Rep. to G. L. 


J. M. Ramsdell, W. M. 

H. L. Barnard, S. W. 

G. W. Mason, J. W. 

W. J. Boyden. T. 

E. B. Dort, S. 

F. S. Schnell, Rep. to G. L. 


J. M. Ramsdell, W. M. 

H. L. Barnard, S. W. 

G. W. Mason, J. W. 
W. J. Boyden, T. 

E. B. Dort, S. 

A. A. Woodward, Rep. to G. L. 

H. A. Marshall, S. S. 
Herbert D. Gee, J. S. 
H. M. Whittemore, M. 
Edgar M. Thompson, Tyler. 

G. A. Starkey, S. D. 
G. W. Mason, J. D. 
H. M. Whittemore, Chaplain. 
H. A. Marshall, S. S. 
H. D. Gee, J. S. 
E. M. Thompson, M. 
D. C. Fassett, T^-ler. 

G. A. vStarkey, S. D. 
G. W. Mason, J. D. 
H. M. Whittemore, Chaplain. 
Edwin B. Dort, vS. S. 
A. A. Woodward, J. S. 

C. D. Farrar, M. 

D. C. Fassett, Tyler. 

H. M. Whittemore, S. D. 
A. A. Woodward, J. D. 
A. C. Dort, Chaplain. 
H. A. Marshall, S. S. 
Chas. H. Apphn, J. S. 
C. W. Whitney, M. 
H. L. Bryant, Actin,!4 Tyler. 

H. M. Whittemore, S. I). 
A. A. Woodward, J. D. 
A. C. Dort, Chajjlain. 
H. A. Marshall, S. S. 
C. H. A])i)lin, J. S. 
M. T. vStone, M. 
H. L. Brvant, Aetiii"; Tvler. 



Trojan Grange No. 157. P. of H., was organized Dec 
13, 1890, with the following charter members and officers 

HetiTA- M. Whittemore, Master. George W. Mason, Secretary. 

Carlos M. Barnard. Overseer. John H. Con«^don, Gate-keeper. 

Charles W. Brown. Lecturer. Jane S. Con^j^don, Pomona. 

Frank H. Lewis, Steward. LilHan E. Lewis, Flora. 

Alvah S. Clark, Chaplain. Jennie G. Whittemore, Ceres. 

George A. Starke}-. Asst. Steward. .\lice Starkey. Lady .\sst. Stewar. 
Edward P. Kimball. Treasurer. 

The following have served as Master of Trojan Grange 
Henry M. Whittemore, John H. Congdon, Carlos M. Ba^ 
nard, Hiram W. Eastman. 


In the fall of 1888, Joseph \V. Raymond of Keeu 
purchased of James L. Stanley, the old muster field, s^ 
called because it was upon this level tract of land the 
the old time regimental musters were held. In those dav 
these musters were an important event which was lookc 
forward to with pleasure, and for weeks preceding wotil 
be the theme of conversation. Everybody- went to tb 
muster ; the soldier to perform his duty ; his wife ti 
admire him ; his children to eat gingerbread and cand\- 
to drink egg-nog and explode firecr.ickers ; peddlers u 
hawk their wares, and showmen to exhibit their curios 
ties, the climax of the whole being the sham batt 
bet^'cen rival regiments. 

This tract of land had frequenth' been spoken of as 
desirable one for building lots, and Mr. Ra^^mond had tf 
same surveyed and laid out into lots with a street throuo 
the center, the town voting to lay out a highway- in co- 
formit\' with the same in the spring of 1889. Mr. Thom.s 
A. Birtwhistle was the first to liu}' a lot and build 
house, being soon followed bv others, until there are no- 


welve houses containing al)out twentA^-two tenements, 
)esides the new schoolhouse which stands at the head of 
he street. A few years later he purchased of Mrs. Sarah 
rown a part of the SpaukUng farm, a portion of which 
le put into buikhng lots, and upon this tract there have 
'cen built three houses. To Mr. Raymond's energy and 

Raymond Avenue. 

erseverance the town is indebted for the many improve- 
lents in this direction. 

About 1889, Marcus V. Damon built a house on the 
)t near the Bland^'ng sawmill, and a new highway was 
lid out to the same. 

In 1895, Freeman Abbott built two houses on land 
bught of E. P. Kimball, near the railroad and south of 
te brickyard, and the following year a highway was laid 
ut to reach them. 

During the past eight years there have been l^uilt about 
frty-six houses in different parts of the village, containing 
f:>m one to four tenements each. 

The building occui^ied by E. P. Kimball & Son was 
hilt by S. G. Whitney about 1842, but has been owned 


and kept as a store Ijv Air. Kimball since 184-6. Until 
within a few years, E. P. Kimball and C. W. Whitney 
were the only dealers in general inerchandise in town. In 
1895, Ernest F. Barrett of Swanzey opened a store in a 
building which was erected by Mrs. Sarah Brown near the 
railroad bridge and on the opposite side of the street. 
Elbridge Howe carries on a small newspaper and periodi- 
cal business, and Herbert P. Thompson deals in boots, 
shoes and medicines, in a building erected a few years 
since between Mrs. Sarah Brown's and the hotel. 

Genealogical Register* 

The preparation of the following- genealogies has entailed 
considerable labor, many letters have been written and 
much time spent in searching records. So far as possible, 
information has been solicited direct from the families 
themselves or some representative, and in nearly every 
instance prompt and fnll replies have been received. 

Where information could not be obtained from private 
sources it has been taken from the genealogies that have 
been published in the histories of the adjoining towns, and 
especially those of Marlborough and Fitzwilliam. 

It has been the object of the compiler to make the 
record as full, complete and accurate as possible, although 
it is not to be presumed it is free froin errors. 

In many cases where the family records give only the 
births, marriages and deaths, further details concerning 
the individual will be found in other portions of the work, 
either in the list of town officers, biographical sketches or 
the records of the soldiers in the Revolutionary War or 
the War of the Rebellion. 

Moses Abare was born in Canada ; came to Troy about 
1872 or 1873 and settled on the Asa Nurse place; 
married, May, 1865, Celinda Ladderbush. 

I. Celtna, Ijorn Auj^. 26, 1866; married Elmer L. Whilint;-; resides in 


II. Moses. 

III. Edward. 

IV. Nelson, married, July 29, 1895, Hattie Marrotte. 

V. Clara, born April 13, 1873. 

VI. Agnes, born Aug. 29, 1875. 


VII. JosKPH, boi'ii Nov. 6, 1876. 

VIII. Henry, bom April 29, 1878. 

IX. Louis, born May 23, 1879; died June 17, 1879. 

X. ZoE, )3orn Sept. 27, 1S8U. 

XI. Phebe, born Feb. 24, 1882. 

XII. John, born Dec. 15, 1885. 

XIII. Louis, born March 28, 1887. 

.\loxzo B. Abbott, born in Hancock, Me., May 10, 1860; 
married, May 10, 1882, Etta, daughter of Franklin 
and Eliza P. (Brooks) Whitconib. 

I. Clara Elzina, born April 27, 1886. 

II. Elsie Rebecca, born Nov. 23, 1887. 

III. James Franklin, born July 25, 1889. 

IV. RuHiE Agnes, born Oct. 22, 1892. 

V. Don Bradford, born June 16, 1896. 

Neheml\h Adams came from Ipswich, Mass., about 1820, 
and settled in Jaffrey; married Lydia C. Benjamin; 
had eight children. Mr. Adams was a meml)er of the 
state convention for the revision of the constitution in 
1850. He died Aug. 10, 1853, aged 53; Mrs. Adams 
died in Troy, June 20, 1886, aged 78. 

I. Augustus A., born Aug. 4, 1829, at Hartford, Vt ; married Mary, 

datighter of William and Sarah White Haskell; resides in Win- 
chendon, Mass. 

II. George A., born Nov. 24, 1831; married, Oct. 5, 1852, Josephine 

Maria, born Oct. 10, 1836, daughter of Luther and Caroline 
Cutter of Jaffrey. 

III. Oscar N., born Dec. 15, 1833; man-ied, Oct. 31, 1855, Lucy Jane 

Johnson. He died in TroA', Oct. 5, 1860. 

IV. Isaac Milton, born April 20, 1835; married Charlotte S. Allen, 

June 2, 1858; died in Cavendish, Vt., June 28, 1860. Had one 
son, George Augustus, born Jime 3, 1859; died March 15, 1880. 
v. Helen L., born Nov. 5, 1838; married, 1st, George E. Aldrich, 
June 11, 1858; married, 2d, Edward S. Foster, Nov. 1, 1878. 

VI. Oken S., born April 1, 1840; married Anna M. Starkey, Feb. 2, 


VII. Charles W., born March 11, 1843. Served in Co. A, Second Regt., 

N. H. V. ; resides in Salina, Kansas. 

VIII. AiiBiE Frances, born April 25, 1845; married Charles H. Streeter; 

died Dec. 13, 1868. 

George A. Adams, son of Nehemiah and Lydia C. (Benja- 
min) Adams, born in Jaffrey, Nov. 24, 1831 ; married, 
1st, Oct. 5, 1852, Josephine Maria, born Oct. 5, 1836, 
daughter of Luther and Caroline Cutter of Jaffre}- ; 


she died March 23, lcS90; married, 2d, Mrs. Mary A. 
Brown, May 15, 1892. 

I. MiNNETTA F., 1)orn Sept. 16, 1855; niarricd James L. Stanley, June 

20, 1.S76. 

II. C.VKRIE A., born Jan. 30, 1S59 ; married. Dee. 2+. 1S,S5, Fred F. 

Page, born Jul3^ 24, 1860; resides in Keene. One ehild, Hnrrv 

A. Pnge, bom in Troy, Nov. 25, 1886. 
MI. Anna L., born March 26, 1865; married, June 2, 1890, Murray J. 

Bliss, born Nov. 30, 1865 ; resides in Keene. 
IV. Alice J., born in Sanford, Me., Nov. 21, 1867; married. Dee. 25, 

1889, F. Eugene Bowen, born Oct. 28, 1865; resides in Keene. 

One ehild, Richard A. Bowcn, born Nov. 2, 1891. 

Augustus A. Adams, son of Nehemiah, born Aug. 4, 1829; 
married, Sept. 25, 18v55, Mar^', daughter of William 
and Sarah (White) Haskell; resides in Winchendon, 

I. Charles, born Oct. 29, 1856; married, 1st, Oct. 29, 1877, Hattie 
Chandler of Winchendon, who died; and he married, 2d, Jan. I, 
1892, Josie Hartwell of (Gardner; resides in Oardner. One ehild, 
Beniicc, l)orn March 16, 1878. 

Oren S. Adams, son of Nehemiah and Lydia C. (Benjamin) 
Adams, was born April 1, 1844; he married, Feb. 2, 
1865, Anna M., daughter of Bailey and Betsey (Clark) 
Starkey, born May 21, 1848. Mrs. Adams died Jan. 
14, 1897. 

I. Minnie (iERTRroE, born March 22, 1868. 

II. WiLiu'R Clement, born July 25, 1872; married, Feb. 14, 1895, 

Flora B. Tenney of Marlborough, born Aug. 19, 1872. 

III. Walter Bailey, born Nov. 29, 1876; died Dee. 26, 1878. 

Edward F. Adams, son of Isaac and Adela (Perkins) 
Adams of Jafifrey, born May 25, 1825, came to Troy 
Dec, 1881; he married, 1st, Feb. 28, 1853, Sarah H., 
daughter of George and Ivouisa (Jones) Harvey of 
Marlborough; she died Aug. 17, 1859; married, 2d, 
Dec. 25, 1860, Rebecca J., daughter of Jonathan and 
* Melinda Hill of Swanzey. 

I. John Quincv, born in Marlborough, June 18, 1858. 

II. Eugene ELM'tR, Itorn in Chittenden, Vt., Oct. 27, 1865; died March 

21, 1867. 

III. WiNFiELi) ScoTT, boru in Swanzey, Ma}' 1, 1868; married, May 10, 

1887, Katie Isabell, daughter of John H. and Ann (Robertson) 
Kimball of Marlborough. 


IV. Eva Jennie, bom in Bellows Falls, June 15, 1870; died July 28, 1878. 

V. Orville Edward, born in Bellows Falls, March 17, 1872; died Aug. 

12, 1872. 

VI. Gertrude Mav, born in Brattleboro, June 30, 1873. 

VII. Morris E., born April 19, 1S77. 

Elijah H. AdaMvS, son of Elijah, was born in Keene, Nov. 
26, 1826; married, Sept. 19,1848, Luthera, born Aug. 
18, 1827, daughter of Silas Howe of Swanzey. 

I. Marion A., born Feb. 18, 1850; married, June 2, 1869, Marvin D. 


II. CiiAREEs L., born Dec. 15, 1851 ; married, Dec. 15, 1880, Julia E. 

Caldwell of Ryegat«, Vt., where they now live. 

III. LvDiA A., boi-n March 25, 1854-; married, Oct. 30, 1877, William vS. 

Blair of S])rinofield, Mass. 

IV. Sarah M., born March 27,1856; married, March 21, 1883, Hoi'ace 

W. Baker of Warwick, Mass., where they now reside. 

V. Ulevetta C, born April 2, 1858. 

VI. John, born Oct. 19, 1860; died in Troy, March 14-, 1862. 

VII. Susan E., born Jan. 6, 1863; married, Dec. 24-, 1889, Fred E. Whit- 


Isaac Aldrich came to Troy in 1830 and settled on the 
farm south of the Morse tavern, formerly the residence 
of Peter Starkey, Jr. He was the son of Ananias 
Aldrich, a native of Mendon, Mass., who settled in 
Richmond at an early period, where most of his chil- 
dren were born. He was born April 9, 1777, and 
married Abigail, daughter of Levi Aldrich of Richmond, 
March 12, 1801, and resided a short time in Rich- 
mond, then moved to New York, and from there to 
Pennsylvania, in each of which places he stopped one 
or two years, then returned to Richmond, from ^vhich 
town he came to Tro3^ After residing on five or six 
different farms, he came to the village in 1844 and 
resided with his son Isaac. Mrs. Aldrich died Aug. 21, 
1858; he died Nov. 24, 1863. 

I. D.wii), born Aug. 10, 1801; married Phcbe *Decker ; lived in Penn- 

sylvania where he died. 

II. Ananias, born April 2, 1803; married Mary Davis; was killed in 

Pennsylvania b^' blasting stone. 

III. Joel, born Jan. 9, 1805; married Jvilia King; died in New York. 

IV. Louisa, born Feb. 1, 1807; married William Marshall, Sept. 23, 

1834-; died in October. 

V. Levi, born Feb. 23, 1809; married Mary McCarty. 



VI. SornRONiA, born Feb. 25, ISll; married, Nov. 1, 1S32, James 

Capron; died April 3, 1S71. 
vn. AmoAiL, born Jan. 30, 1814; died March 25, 1838. 

VIII. Is.vAC, born March 11, 1817; married, Aug. 29, 1839, Ai)i,oail Ann, 

daughter of Pelatiah M. and Abigail (Carter) Everett of Fitzwil- 
liam; died Juty 30, 1882. 

IX. Judith E., born May 22, 1819; married, Dec. 10, 1848, Benjamin 

F. Perry of Keene; died Jan. 24, 1884. Mr. Perry died July 16, 

X. Julius C, Ijorn June 6, 1822; married Catherine Wood; died Juh- 

21, 1855. 

XI. Joseph E., Ijorn Jan. 29, 1828. 

Isaac Aldrich, Jr., son of Isaac, bom March 11, 1S17; 
married, Aug. 29, 1839, Abigail Ann, liorn March 17, 
1821, daughter of Pela- 


tiah M. and 

(Carter) Everett of Fitz- 

wiiliam. Mr. Aldrich 

was a blacksmith and 

carriage maker, and for 

a few years after his 

marriage he lived in 

Fitzwilliam and worked 

at carriage making. Af- 
terwards he returned to 

Troy and occupied the 

Bush house, now owned 

by C. H. Gove, a short 

time ; then in company 

\vith his brother, Julius 

C, he built the brick 

house now owned by 

Mrs. Polly Bemis and 

Simeon Merrifield. He 

was at one time deputy 

sheriff. Mrs. Aldrich died Feb. 11, 1878; he died 

July 30, 1882. 

George E., born June 11, 1840; married, June 11, 1858, Helen L., 
daughter of Nehemiah and Lydia C. (Benjamin) y\dams; married, 

2d, ; died Jan. 21, 1895. Children: 1. George M., born June 

11^ 18 — ; 2. Harry A., born Oct. 25, IS—; 3. Arthur 11'., born 
Feb. 21, 18 — . 

Isaac Aldkicii, Jr. 


Amasa Aldrich, son of Xahttm, of Richmond, bought the 
Whitconib farm of Abel Baker, in 1S2S, and located 
here with his family. He was born in 1799; married, 
1st, Aug. 25, 1816, Susanna, daughter of Samuel 
Thompson of Swanzey; married, 2d, April 24, 1825, 
Anna, daughter of Benjamin Tolman. 

I. Angelixe, born Feb. 26, 1827; died April 11. 1851. 

II. Andrew J., born Nov. 13, 1829. 

Andrew J. Aldrich, son of Amasa, was born Nov. 13, 
1829; married, Oct. 15, 1851, Sarah \V., daughter of 
Abel and Martha (Fuller) Garfield, who died Jan. 21, 
1891. In April, 187-1, he moved to Keene, buying out 
the restaurant at the depot, which he conducted until 
about 1892 or 1893, when he retired from business 
and w^ent to Bellows Falls to live with his son. He 
was overseer of the poor for Ward 5, Keene, for tAvo 
years, and also held the office of justice of the peace. 

I. Frank \V.. Ijorn in Marllioron.iih, Jan. 31, 1853. 

II. Herbert D., l)orn March 4, 1857. 

III. Angelixe A., born Jnne 1, 1860; died April 25, 1862. 

IV. Carroll, l)orn Oct. 8, 1862; married, Oct. 19, 1887, Helena S. Di- 

vanl of Xelson, who was born Nov. 21, 1861. 

Frank W. Aldrich, son of Andrew J., was born Jan. 31, 
1853; married, 1st, Dec. 25, 1872, Emma J. Clement, 
born in Royalston, Alass., Juh' 20, 1851; died in Troy, 
June 24, 1881; married, 2d, Cora F. Town, born in 
Rindge, Jan. 24. 1866; died May 12, 1885; married, 
3d, Aug. 16, 1887, Alargaret A. Becker, born in Port 
Dover, Ont., July 26, 1861 ; resides in Athol, ]Mass. 

I. Burxice C. born Oct. 14, 1873; died Oct. 5. 1886. 

II. , born May 24, 1877; died Jnne 18, 1877. 

III. Carrie G., born Sept. 21, 1880. 

Herbert D. Aldrich, son of Andrew J., born March 4, 
1857; married, Nov. 3, 1880, Mina J., daughter of 
Anderson and Almira (Ballon) Aldrich of Swanze^^, 
born Nov. 8, 1860. Mr. Aldrich has been the proprie- 
tor of the depot restaurant at Bellows Falls since 1887. 

I. Lottie E., Ijorn Nov. 1. 1883. 

George Herman Aldrich, son of Amasa, of Swanzey, 
born in Swanzev, Mav 30, 1833; married, Oct. 3, 


1853, Hannah, born Jan. 20, 1832, daughter of Alvah 
Thompson of Swanzey. For a few years after his 
marriage he Hved in Wisconsin, living a pioneer's life, 
engaged in farming and teaching. He came to Troy 
and settled on West Hill, farming for a few years, 
when he moved to the village, purchasing the A. W. 
Baker place where he lived, having an office and doing 
an extensive Ijusiness in Keene as an insurance agent, 
to w^hich place he removed in 1889. 

I. Waltox Herman, born July 2, 1S54-; married, Oct. 3, 1879, Eliza 

J. Wilder of Peterhorou.^h. Is a practicing ph\-sician in Marl- 

II. Herbert Cvkel, born Aug. 23, 1855; married, Aug. 6, 187S, Clara 

J. Cook. 

III. Edwin Thompson, born Aug. 2-i, 1858; married. 

IV. EuiTH Lavinia, born Aug. 24, 1862. 

V. John Langdon, born Aug. 23, 1864; died April 2, 1865. 

VI. Eugene Langdon, born March 30, 1866; married, 1st, Oct. 3, 

1888, S. Florence Hannaford ; she died May 22, 1891, aged 26 
years; he married, 2d, July 17, 1894, Harriette M. Metcalf of 

VII. Emma Maria, born Nov. 3(», ISGS; married, March 10, ISOO, A. 

M. Doolittle. 
viii. Sidney Cook, born May 3, 1872. 

Elijah Alexander, born in Uxbridge, Mass., 1741 ; mar- 
ried, 1765, Elizabeth Taft of Mendon ; died in 1822; 
Mrs. Alexander died in 1838. 

I. Gideon, born Aug. 13, 1767; settled in Canada, where he died. 

II. .\masa, born Nov. 30, 1769; died in New York. 

III. Elizabeth, born Sept. 13, 1771; died in Mendon, aged 30. 

IV. Luther, born Sept. 19, 1773; graduated at Harvard College and 

studied theology with Dr. Crane of Northbridge; but as he was 
about to enter the ministry, he went to Canada to visit his 
brother. Dr. Alexander, iind while there he took the smallpox and 

V. Calvin, born June 20, 1775; studied medicine with Dr. Willard of 

Uxbridge, and settled in Montreal, where after achieving an hon- 
orable fame and doing an extensive business, he died. 

VI. Elijah, born March 25, l?"*"; died in Vermont. 

VII., born March 15, 1779; married James Cheever; died in Troy. 

VIII. Tlm(jtiiv, born Xov. 27, 1780; learned the hatter's trade; died in 

New York. 

IX. Phixeas, ])orn .\ug. 20, 1782; lived in Canute, Ohio. 

X. Joseph, born Oct. 20, 1784; married Lucretia Howe. 


XI. Easmax, born Ajiril 28, 1786; married Ltic}' Garfield; lived on the 


XII. Ei'NiCE, born Jan. 29, 1788; married James Davis of Jaffre3'. 

XIII. Lois, Ijorn Dee. 16, 1790; married Jtimes Hieks and settled in Wis- 


XIV. Si'iiMiT, born Ang. 1, 1791; married Isaac Garfield; lived in Se- 

dana, N. Y. 

XV. Ezra, born .April 1(5, 1794- ; married Lneretia Fuller; lived in Fitz- 


Joseph Alexander, son of Elijah; married, 1811, Lucretia, 
daughter of Zahiion Howe, who was born in Holden, 
Mass., Jtily 11, 1788; Mrs. Alexander died in Troy, 
Aug. 28, 1861 ; Mr. Alexander died May 6, 1868. 

I. JosHi'ii, ])()rn Feb. 7, 1812; married Prudence (Blaiiding) Bowen. 

II. Elijah, born Fcl). 14, 181-1; died March 20, 1822. 

III. Calvix, born Ajjril 23, 1816. 

IV. LrCKETiA, l)orii vSept. 11, ISIS ; married David Woodward of Swan- 

zey, who died Jtine, 1856. 

V. Louisa, born Oct. 13, 1820; died Oct. 20, 1826. 

VI. Elijah, 2d, born March 14, 1823; died vSept. 29, 1826. 

VII. Li'THEK, born May 1, 1825. 

VIII. Carolixe, born May 3, 1827; died Xivj;. 23, 1880. 

IX. Charles, born ALareh 5, 1831. 

Joseph Alexander, Jr., son of Joseph, born Feb. 7, 1812; 
married, Oct. 2, 1839, Prudence (Blanding) Bowen, 
born Jan. 24-, 1814; died Nov. 13, 1878; Mrs. Alex- 
ander resides in Teinpleton, Mass. 

I. Carolixe L., born May 26, 1840; married, Feb. 3, 1864, Levi 


II. Louisa A., born March 24, 1842; married, Nov. 13, 1862, Edward 

S. Foster; died May 13, 1876. 

III. Mary E., born Jan. 20, 1847; married, Jan. 20, 1872, William W. 

Ross of Dublin, who died March, 1873. One child, Violn L. Ross, 
born July 1, 1872; married, Harry J. Nash, Nov. 15, 1890. She 
married, 2d, April 7, 1876, Walter F. Elhott. Children: Cora 
L. Elhott, born Nov. 6, 1878; died Jan. 18, 1879. IXLaljcl J. 
Elliott, bom May 4, 1886. 

IV. E.M.MA M., born April 28, 1849; died March 20, 1859. 

V. Ellen E., born Nov. 18, died Nov. 26, 1852. 

VI. Viola A., born Nov. 26, died Nov. 29, 1853. 

VII. Josephine M., born May 3, 1859; married, Jan. 6, 1882, Daniel F. 

Richards ; resides in Gardner. 

Calvin Alexander, son of Joseph, born April 23, 1816; 
married, Feb. 19, 1843, Abbie Ann, daughter of Geo. 


W. Mnrphy of New Ipswich, who was born Dec. 5, 
1823, and located on the home place, now known as 
the Stillman Tajdor place on West Hill. The house 
now standing was built hy him about 1858. He lived 
there eight or nine years, then moved to Marlborough; 
but he returned in 1858. He followed the occiipation 
of shoemaker, carpenter and farmer, and alwavs found 
employment in one of them. He removed to East 
Swanzey in October, 1871, and engaged in the manu- 
facture of wooden ware, and continued in the business 
until within two or three A^ears of his death, which 
occurred Dec. 18, 1888. 

I. George D., born July 3, 1847; died March IS, 1866. 

II. AiiuiE Fk.\nces, born Nov. 27, 1854; married, June 26, 1877, Her- 

l)ert W. Mason; died Jan. 15, 1897. 

III. H.\TTiE Rebecca, 1)orn Aug. 21, 1859; married, Mareii 24, 1881, 

James M. Ramsdell. 

Luther Alexander, son of Joseph, born May 1, 1825; 
married, Sept. 7, 184-8, Lydia S. Harris, daughter of 
Stephen Harris ; born Sept. 9, 1832. He resides in 
East SwanzcA' at the present time, and has lived in 
Marlborough and Swanzey most of the time. 

I. Waetek Scott, boi-n May 9, 1849. 

II. Martha A., born Dee. 24, 1853; married, Jan. 24, 1872, George E. 

Fuller of Marlborough. 

III. Lillian- M., born Oct. 2, 1856; married. July Ls, LS77, Jasper E. 


IV. LoRA E., born April 29, 18()(); married, Sept. 21, LS81, Fred A. 


V. Nellie M., born March 8, 18(55; married, Dee. 31, 1883, Charles 

A. Barden of Richmond. 

CHARLiiS Alexander, son of Josei)h, born March 5, 1831; 
married, March 27, 1856, Ellen C, born July 19, 1837, 
daughter of Philo Applin. He moved from Troy to 
Westport, Swanzey, about 1862 or 1863, and after- 
wards lived in Keene, East Swanzey, Winchcndon and 
Fitchburg, where he died Aug. 31, 1889. 

I. Charles Warren, born Oct. 28, 1857; married, .\i)ril, 1883, Hattie 

M. Stoddard of Gardner, Mass. 

II. JiLiAN Eghert, born April 14, 1859. 

III. Frank Philo, born July 27, 1860; died in Swanzey, May 6, 1883. 


IV. Willie Edward, l)()rn March, 1S62: died Oct. 31, 1863. 

V. WiLLiK Wesson, born Sept. S, 1.S63; married, Dec. 31, 1890, Lizzie 

Hartiiett of Gardner, Mass. 

VI. Earl Evans, boru March 20, 1865; died in Fitchburg, Jnne 4, 1887. 

Walter Scott Alexander, son of Luther, born May 9, 
1849; married, June 16, 1880, Nellie Adaline, born Jan. 
1, 1862, daughter of Hermon L. Lincoln. 

1. Roland Luther, born April 21, 188-1. 

Easmax Alexander, son of Elijah, born April 20, 1786; 
married, 1808, Luc3-, daughter of John Garheld, and 
settled on the home farm with his father. He was 
emphatically a home man, and never was in a stage- 
coach or railroad car, and very seldom going beyond 
the limits of the town ; but unlike many other home 
men he knew the way to chtnxh. He died June 9, 
1863; his wife died April 23, 1866. 

I. AL\RV, born May 13, 1805; died in 1885; married Russell Waters; 

resided in Fitchburg; he died Oct., 1890. Children: 1. Silas Wat- 
ers, married Eveline Sawyer; resides in Leicester, Mass.; 2. Sarah 
Waters, married William Baldwin; resides in Fitchburg; 3. Rus- 
sell R. Waters, resides in Fitchburg. 

II. Elizabeth, born Dec. 20, 1808; died March 8, 1830. 
HI. Elinor, born July 25, 1810; died Feb. 21, 1838. 

IV. Annis, born June 12, 1812; died March 12, 1834. 

V. Hannah, born July 10, 1814; died Dec. 22, 1833. 

VI. Lucy, born April 12, 1817; married, April 15, 1842, Levi Whitte- 

more, Jr., of Troy; died Aug. 10, 1843. 

VII. Easman, born Sept. 5, 1819. 

VIII. John C, born March 17, 1822. 

IX. Abigail, born Feb. 26, 1824; married, Dec. 31, 1846, Luther Whit- 

temore; died May 20. 1890. 

X. Sarah L., Ijorn Oct. 4, 1825; married, Oct. 10, 1848, Levi Merri- 

field ; died March 4, 1863. 

Easmax Alexaxder, son of Easman, born Sept. 5, 1819; 
married, 1st, June 9, 184-2, Dorothy Ann, daughter of 
Jonathan and Dorothy (Cutting) Lawrence; resides in 
Gardner, Alass., Avhere he was engaged in the under- 
taking business for many years; Airs. Alexander died 
Aug. 25, 1890; married, 2d, Jan. 2, 1894, Mrs. L. 
Sleeper of Annapolis, X. S. 

T. Lrcv Ann, l)orn Aug. 18, 1843; married Walter E. Stuart; resides 
in Worcester,' Mass. 


II. Clinton H., born May 1, 1S4-G; marriccl Florence Johnsf)n, who 

died in 1SS6. 

III. Alkked L., born March 3, 1848; married Nellie Allen of Fitchbnrj?. 

IV. Austin P., born MaA' 6, IS+l); married Carrie Studlev ; resides in 

Natick, Mass. 

V. Frank E., born Ma}' 12,1853; married Almeda Converse of Stock- 

holm, N. Y.; resides in Gardner. 

VI. Arthur, born April 12, 1855; died Nov., 1888. 

John C. Alexander, son of Easman, born March 17, 
1822; married, Dec. 28, 1852, Laura E., daughter of 
Artenias and Polly Beard of PitzwilHam ; died Nov. 
17, 1862. 

I. George H., l)orn July 18, 1844-; married, June 20, 1888, Lncy F., 

danghter of Lorenzo and Sarah IL ((Tarfield) Dexter. One chikl, 
Rnlph Irwin, born July 31, 1890. 

II. M. Abbie, born Jan. 19, 1867; married, Aug. 12,1881, Edward W. 

Tolman. Children: 1. Adelaide H. Tolman, born Feb. 16, 1883; 
2. Easter Lillian Tolman, born Ajjril 5, 1885; 3. Lnnra Frances 
Tolman, born April 19, 1889. 

III. John H., born Jan. 12, 1859. 

IV. L.\UK.\ E., born Dec. 1, 1860; died Nov. 8, 1862. 

V. CuiEEORn, born Oct. 4, 1862. 

JosiAH Amadon, born Aug. 9, 1787; died July 6, 1847; 
married, 1st, April 1, 1810, Lydia, born May 8, 1788; 
died Jan. 15, 1827, daughter of David and Esther 
(Bruce) White of Fitzwilliam ; he married, 2d, May 
29, 1839, Mary White, sister of his former wife, born 
Oct. 12, 1794. Mr. Amadon came into what is now 
Tro3', in 1809, and worked at shoemaking, where all 
his children, which were by his first \vife, were born. 
He removed to Fitzwilliam about 1827. 

I. Marv, born Oct. 29, 1810; married, Oct. 14, 1832, Gideon Bemis 

of Westminster, Vt., son of David and Lydia (Stiles). Children 
born at Westminster: 1. Lydia Bemis, born Aug. 4, 1833; 2. 
Ruth Bemis, born March 5, 1836; 3. Josiali Bemis, born Nov. 
11, 1841; 4. Phehc Bemis, born Nov. 11, 1841; 5. Mary Bemis, 
born Nov. 13, 1843. 

II. John, born Nov. 12, 1812. 

III. Leander, born Aug. 9, 1814; died Dec. 12, 1878; married, May 14, 

1847, Sarah H. Randall, born March 18, 1822, daughter of 
Eleazer and Clarissa (Wheeler) of Chesterfield. Children born at 
Bellows Falls, Vt. : 1. Clara, born Feb. 18, 1850; 2. Frederick, 
born Feb. 25, 1852; 3. Alice, born vSept. 25, 1856; 4. Henry, 
born July 31, 1858. 


lY. JosiAH, l)oni P>lx 20, 1816; died July IS, 1849; nnniarricd. 

V. Sarah A., 1)orn Sejit. 7, 1821; married Jared D. Perlcins; resides jn 

Bellows Falls. 

VI. Esther, born Oct. 9, 1823; married, Aug. 8, 184-1, Elbridge Al- 

drieh, son of Luke and Mary (Martin) Aldrich of Richmond ; died 
Dec. 4, 1879, at Worcester, Mass. 

VII. Hannah, born Aug. 26, 1825; married, April 13, 1847, David Da- 

mon of Fitzwilliam ; died Aug. 2, 1875. 

John Amadon, son of Josiah, born Nov. 4, 1813; married, 
Oct. 20, 184-0, Betsey B. Putney of Chesterfield, l)orn 
July 3, 1814; died at Hatteras Inlet, Jan. 15, 1862. 
He resided in Fitzwilliam, Richmond, Marlborough and 
Troy, working- at his trade as a blacksmith. Mr. 
Amadon was a memljer of Co. F, 6th Regt., N. H. \'ols. 
Mrs. Amadon died Dec. 18, 1896. 

I. Sarah Elizahkth, born July 1, 1841; married Joseph F. Cajn'on. 

II. James Orlando, born Sept. 10, 1842; married, March 2, 1871, 

Susie Bryant. Children: 1. Robert S., born Aug. 24, 1872; 2. 
Lucy M., born vSept. 10, 1874; 3. Henry H., born Aug. 13, 1876; 
4. Annie A.'., born Feb. 11, 1878; 5. Jnincs (1., born Jan. 18, 1881 ; 
6. Frerl P., born Nov. 17, 1882. 

III. Henry JosiAH, born March 18, 1844; he enlisted in the same coni- 

]iany with his father, served three years, and was in twenty-three 
battles ; he was one of the number who survived the wreck of the 
ill-fated steamer "West Point," which was sunk in the Poto- 
mac river. At the end of his term of enlistment he received an 
honorable discharge, returned lunne, and died of disease con- 
tracted in the army, July 27, 1867. 

lY. Francis Edward, born July 30, 1846; married, Nov. 4, 1872, Sarah 
A. Wright. One child, Howard John, born May 24, 1880. 

v. Charles Herbert, born March 3, 1848; is a sailor. 

VI. Ella Maria, born Oct. 2, 1854; married, Jan. 1, 1874, Julius E. 

Bemis; resides in Fitzwilliam. Children: 1. Son, born Dec. 20, 
1875; diedA'oung; 2. Henry Whitcom]) Bemis, horn Feb. 2, 1^85; 
3. Chester Luke Bemis, born Aug. 14, 1886. 

VII. George Frederick, born May 11, 1857; married, June 12, 1879, 

Clara C. Webber. Children: 1. Pan/ H., born March 31, 1881; 
2. Frederick IT'., born Jidy 21, 1883; 3. Hekn L., born March 
25, 1887; 4. /. Harold, born May 9, 1889; 5. F. Philip, born 
Oct. 21, 1894. 

Baker. John Baker and Elizabeth, his wife, were in 
Concord, Mass., in 1729. Of his ancestrv^ we have no 
knowledge; but he was probably born in England and 
emigrated to this country when a young man, and settled 


in Concord where four of his children were born. He is 
supposed to have returned to England where he remained 
some three years, when he again emigrated to this coun- 
try and settled in Waltham, where he resided five or six 
years and then with a part of his family moved to Kill- 
ingly, Conn. Richard, son of John and Elizabeth, was 
born in Concord, April 8, 1729. When twenty-nine years 
of age he purchased a tract of wild land in Westminster, 
Mass., intending to take up his abode there, l)ut was 
pressed into the British service in the French and Indian 
War for one vear. At the expiration of his time of service 
the English officers refused to give him and his company 
their discharge and retained them against their consent. 
They prepared themselves with snow shoes and the whole 
company, consisting of about sixty men, left the camp at 
Albany at midnight, intending to cross the Green Moun- 
tains to Massachusetts. They got lost, wandered several 
days among the mountains, but finally found the Deerfield 
river, which they followed to Colerain, where they found 
inhabitants, after having been out nine days without pro- 
visions except a small dog which they killed the fifth day, 
and having the snow, which was some four feet deep, for 
their bed. Mr. Baker reached home in safety, and soon 
married Mary Sawyer of Lancaster, settled in Westmin- 
ster, raised up a numerous family of children, and died 
Dec. 13, 1808. 

Mary (Saw\'er) Baker's grandfather, Thomas Sawyer, 
was one of the first settlers of Lancaster, Mass. He built 
a house, surrounding it by a fort, and a sawmill, to which 
the inhabitants resorted in case of Indian hostilities, which 
were very common from 1G70 to 1710. At one time, sup- 
posed to be between 1675 and 1680, his garrison was 
attacked by the Indians, and all \vere killed except Mr. 
Sawyer and two women. Night came on, the women 


loaded the giins and Air. Sa\v\'er continued to fire from 
the port holes till nearly niidnight, at which time the 
Indians withdrew from the place. Air. Sawyer then caught 
his horse, and after setting fire to his house \Yhich con- 
tained shocks of grain, the women mounted the horse, and 
he walked by their side until they reached a place of 

On the 15th of October, 1705, Air. Sawyer with his son 
Elias and John Bigelow were taken captives bj" the Indians 
at his sawmill a little after daylight, whither he had gone 
to commence the labors of the day, and the savages imme- 
diately set otit with their prisoners for Canada. On the 
journe\' they treated Air. Sawyer with great cruelty, and 
on arriving at Alontreal, he remarked to the governor, 
whose residence was at that place, that there was a good 
site for mills on the river Chambler, and that he would 
build him a sawmill on condition that he would procure 
his, his son's and Bigelow's redemption. The governor 
readily closed in with the proposal, as at that time there 
was not a sawmill in all Canada, nor an artificer capable 
of building one. He accordingly applied to the Indians 
and very readily procured the ransom of young Sawyer 
and Bigelow, but no sum would procure Air. Sa\vyer's 
redemption; him — being distinguished for his bravery, 
which had proved fatal to a number of their brethren — 
the3' were determined to immolate. The victim w^as 
accordingly led forth and fastened to the stake, environed 
with materials so disposed as to produce a lingering death. 
The savages surrounding the unfortunate prisoner, began 
to anticipate the horrid pleasures of beholding their victim 
writhino;' in torture amid the rising flames, and rending 
the air with their dismal yells. Suddenly a friar appeared 
and with great solemnity held forth what he declared to 
be the key to the gate of Purgatory, and told them that 


unless they released their prisoner he would instantly 
imlock that gate iind send them headlong thereinto. Super- 
stition prevailed and wrought the deliveriinee of Mr. 
Sawyer; for they at once unbound him and gave him u]) 
to the governor. 

In one year from that time he completed the sawmill, 
when he and Bigelow were discharged. They detained 
his son Elias one year longer, to instruct them in the art 
of sawing and keeping the mill in order. He was then 
amply rewarded and sent home to his friends, and both 
he and his father lived to an advanced age and were 
gathered to their graves in peace. 

Bezaleel Baker, fourth son of Richard and Mary 
(Sawyer) Baker, was born in Westminster, Mass., Jan. 4, 
1768. At fifteen vears of age the care of his father's brick 
yard and farm devolved upon him and two vounger 
brothers, his father being confined to the house by sick- 
ness for many years. He came to Marlborough in Decem- 
ber, 1787, working at shoemaking and other business 
during the winter, and returning to Westminster in the 
spring, which he continued to do until Nov. 16, 1789, 
when he purchased a tract of wild land, and married, 
Sept. 17, 1793, Abigail, daughter of Dea. Nathan and 
Rebecca (Haynes) Wood of Westminster. Mr. Baker was 
a strictly temperate man when every one else thought it 
did them good to drink ; yet his neighbors said they never 
knew him to drink spirits but once, and that was at a 
wolf hunt, where one was killed and the botmty paid in 
rum, and while the rain fell in torrents he drank with the 
others. The influence of his temperate habits was very 
salutary on his family, for none of them ever made exces- 
sive use of ardent spirits. 

The Deacon Nathan Wood above referred to was a 
descendant of William Wood, who came to this country 


in 1638 and settled in Concord, Mass. Married, Ma\'^ 2, 
1750, Rebecca, daughter of Abijah Haynes of Sudbury, 
Mass., born Feb. 14, 1731. Mr. Wood removed to West- 
minster in 1756. He was active in opposing those 
measures of the British government which led to the Rev- 
olution and the struggle for inde]3endence ; was a member 
of the first Congress which met in Cambridge, and encottr- 
aged resistance to the arbitrary iicts of the English crowm. 
But he died June 19, 1777, £ind his fifteen children followed 
him to the grave. His posterity have since settled in 
almost every state in the Union, and among them have 
been several clergymen. 

Mr. Baker died Oct. 1, 1849, and his wife died April 

10, 1862. He had eight children of whom three married 
and lived in Troy. 

I. Kehecca, born Jiih- It, 17D5 ; married Etlicel Parmentcr; dicfl Nov. 
10, 1841. 

11. Ahki,, 1)()rn April S, 1797. 

111. IizR.\, Ijorn Pel). 27, 1799 ; married Caroline Adams; lived in Jaffre}'. 
lY. M.VKV, born Jnne 27, ISOl ; married Luke Moors. 

V. Asa, born Feb. 24-, 1803; married Hannah Moors of Sharon; died 

Oct. 12, 1869. 

VI. Thikza, born Dec. 7, 1804; married, Nov. 26, 1828, Joe! Holt; died 

in Troy, Jnne, 1862. 
vii. Caleh, born Feb. 27, 1807; died Jan. 16, 1837, unmarried, 
viii. Mahala, born April 3, 1810; married, Nov. 5, 1839, Erastus 

Spanlding; died in Troy, Nov. 18, 1847; was fatally burned by 

the firing- of a kettle of varnish that was upon the stove in the 

room where she wiis sitting. 

Abel Baker descended from an honorable ancestry and 
it was fotmd the blood had not been contaminated in 
passing through his veins. He came from Marlborough 
in 1821, and located on the Whitcomb place, afterwards 
owned by Amasa Aldrich. He resided there for some eight 
years, then bought the Perry farm, formerly owned by 
Dea. Silas Fife, now owned by Oliver P. Whitcomb, where 
he lived several years ^vhen he moved to the village. 

Like most lads at that early day he was brought U]5 



on a farm, and accu.stomed to almost all kinds of manual 
labor. He possessed a good constitution, was athletic 
and energetic, and seldom failed to accomplish the object 
of his desire. His educational advantages were limited 
and were mainly those of the common schools of the time, 
which were much less efficient than those of the ]3resent 
day. These advantages however were well improved, and 
he became one of the best and most advanced scholars in 
the district. 

Having mastered the branches taught in the district 
schools, he was sent to an academy in New Salem, Mass., 
where he studied one term 
and then commenced teach- 
ing. For several years, he 




taught school in the winter 

and assisted his father on j 

the farm in the summer. ., 

As a teacher he was very 

successful and his services 

were sought by the best 

and most desirable school 

districts. He married, April 

18, 1821, and coming to 

Troy, devoted his time and 

attention to agriculture. 

His admirable qualities of 

head and heart were soon 

recognized by his fellow citi- ^^^^ ^^^^^ 

zens and he became one of 

the leading men of the town. His sound judgment, ]3rac- 

tical wisdom, and gener^d intelligence fitted him for any 

position in the community ; and he was consec[uently 

elected at different times, to almost all the civil offices in 

the town. He served the town as selectman some sixteen 


years and most of the time as chairman of the board, and 
represented the town in the legislature in the years 1840, 
1841 and 1842. In all the public positions he was called 
to fill, he was faithful and honest, and none of his constit- 
uents ever had reason to feel that the\^ had misplaced 
their confidence. 

He did a large amount of business in the settlement of 
estates. His abilit^^ and familiarity with the law fitted 
him for the transaction of this kind of business, and for 
many years his services in this line were in constant 

The crowning excellence of Deacon Baker's life, however, 
is to be found in his devotion to the services of his Divine 
Master and in his noble Christian character. He experi- 
enced religion in early life and united with the Congrega- 
tional church of which he was ever afterwards a worthy, 
active and honored member. Through the tr^dng period 
in the early history of the church in this town, he was 
one of the few who remained steadfast in the Congrega- 
tional faith; and through his and his colaborers' efforts, 
under the Divine blessing, the church lived and prospered. 
Soon after he became a member of the church he was 
chosen one of the deacons, and held and honored the ofiice 
for thirty-six years, or during the remainder of his life. 
As an officer in the church he was vigilant and faithful, 
watching over its members and laboring to promote their 
spiritual welfare. He was honored by all classes, and 
looked up to as a faithful friend, a wise counselor, and 
exemplary Christian. His intimacy wnth the people and 
matters of the town had made him well acquainted with 
its history, and previous to his death had commenced 
collecting material for the purpose of continuing the same. 
After a long and useful life, he died Sept. 26, 1878, calmly 
and in the full assurance of a glorious immortality. 


Abel Baker, second son of Bezaleel, born April S, 1797; 
married, 1st, April 18, 1821, Cordelia, daughter of 
Caleb and Deborah (Fairbanks) Perry; she died Aug. 
4, 1839, and he married, 2d, Nov. 16, 1840, Mrs. 
Sarah (Crosby) Bush, daughter of Alpheus Crosby of 
Jaffrey; she died March 27, 1872, and he married, 3d, 
April 29, 1875, Martha, daughter of Elijah and 
Prudence (Newell) Harrington; he died Sept. 26, 1878; 
she died March 6, 1884. Children all by first wife. 

I. Okrissa, born Aug. 28, 1822; died Sept. 6, 1823. 

II. Cordelia, born Dec. 27, 1823; married, Dec. 1, 184.5, John F. 

Hnni]ihre_vs of Athol, Mass. ; died April 29, 1892. Had one son 
George F. Humphreys, who is a clergyman in New York. 

III. Arel W., born April 28, 1825. 

IV. Caroline B., born Jan. 5, 1827; married, Jnnc 6, 1848, F. S. 

Parmenter of Athol, Mass., who died Dec. 7, 18S1 ; his widow 
now resides in Boston. Two children, Frank S. and William H. 

V. Myra a., born Feb. 24, 1832; married John U. Beers; died Dec. 3, 


VI. Mary W., born May 21, 1836; married Rev. J. A. Batcheller; he 

died in Exeter, N. H., Dec. 27, 1884. 

Abel Warren Baker, son of Abel, born April 28, 1825; 
married, April 8, 1847, Mary, daughter of Joseph and 
Ruth (White) Haskell. After residing one year in 
Marlborough and about as long in Jaffrey, Troy, South 
Orange and Fitchburg, he returned to Troy and resided 
until about twenty years ago, when he moved to 

I. George Washington, bom July 4, 1848. 

II. Abel Warren, born July 13, 1851; married Catherine Page of 

Worcester, Mass. ; resides in Oakland, Cal. One child, Sumner 

III. Fred Henry, born June 11, 1855; married, 1st, Sarah D. Chase, 

who died May 9, 1890; married, 2d, Ella F. Parke of Koxbury ; 
resides in Oakland, Cal. One child, Florence E. 

IV. Ida Mary, born Dec. 10, 1857; married E. N. Cummings; resides 

in Fitchburg, Mass. One child, Eddie E. Cummings. 

V. Abbie a., born Aug. 10, 1865; married WilHam E. Wilbur; resides 

in Fitchburg, Mass. 
vi. Horatio S., born Aug. 11, 1868. 

George W. Baker, son of Abel W., born July 4, 1848; 
married, 1st, June 15, 1876, Helen M., daughter of 
David W. and Hannah (Wheeler) Farrar; she died 


Aug. 18, 1884; married, 2d, Oct. 15, 1889, Lucy Goss 
of Chicago; he died Feb. 3, 1892, in Chicago. 

I. Anna Louisa, born March G, ISTS. 

II. Charles Warren, born October, 1879; died Aujj. 13, 1880. 

III. Leila Helen, born June 16, 1882. 

Amos Baker came to Troy in February, 1866, and 
bought the George Farrar place of Lorenzo Dexter, 
where he resided until a few years since wdien he 
removed to Alarlborough. He was born in Hubbards- 
ton, Mass., July 25, 1819; married, 1st, June 14, 
1843, Fannie Tenne^^ of Weston, Vt., who was born 
July 24, 1825; died Nov. 8, 1884; he married, 2d, 
Cynthia Buttrick, born May, 1830; died Feb. 5, 1890; 
married, 3d, Nov. 4, 1890, Airs. Abigail C. Sargent of 

I. Fanny Rozell, born May 26, 1844, in Mendon, Mass.; married, 

Oct. 26, 1869, Charles D. Clark; died Jnly 22, 1893. 

II. Sarah S., born Jnly 13, 1846; married, Jnly 21, 1866, Abner W. 

Pierce; resides in Nova Scotia. 

III. Samuel Amos, born Fel). 20, 1853; married, Ang. 9, 1875, Alice E. 

Lord. Children: 1. Elliot L., born Jnne 25, 1875 ; married, Nov. 
14, LS94, Junie H., daughter of Ozro J. and Lucy (Kendall) Hale; 
the\' have children: Beth Helen; Nonnan Harr^', born March 11, 
1896; Doris Eva, born June 30, 1897. 2. Fred Amos, born Jan. 
7, 1877; 3. Cora Alice, liorn April 9, 1883. 

Daniel Ball came from Holden, Mass., in 1785, and 
settled in Alarlborough ; he came to what is now 
Troy, in 1812; he died Feb. 23, 1830, aged 74; his 
\vife was L\^dia Smith of Worcester; she died Oct. 13, 
1840, aged 86.' 

I. Lydl\, married John Thurston of Marlborough. 

II. Betsey, married, March 24, 1807, Amos Stanford of Dulilin. 

III. Relief, boi-n Oct. 15, 1781 ; married Liebieus Rhodes of Marl- 

borough ; died Dec. 26, 1842. 

IV. Olive, married, April 20, 1802, Simeon Co1)l) of Dublin. 
v. Esther, married Benjamin Bosworth of Winchcndon. 

VI. Ruth, born March 14, 1786; married Stephen Rhodes of Marl- 


VII. Li'CV, Ijorn Feb. 24, 1789; married Daniel Woodward of Swanzcn-. 
viii. Patty, born March 4, 1793; married, March, 1816, Stephen 

Harris; she died 1852. 

IX. Daniel, born March 16, 1795; married Hannah Bolles of Richmond. 

X. Wesson, married Lvdia Walker of Rovalston, Mass. 


Jonathan Ball came from Southborongh, in 1787, and 
built a tavern near the present residence of Capt. E. F. 
Adams ; his wife was Anna, supposed to be a daughter 
of Isaac Gibbs. 

I. Jonathan. 

II. Rebecca. 

III. Polly. 

IV. Nancy. 

V. Nabuy, liorn Jmie 19, 1786. 

VI. LuciNDA, Ijorn April 25, 1789. 

VII. Silas, born March 26, 1792. 

Moses Ballou came from Smithfield, R. I., Dec. 1, 1823, 
and located in the Maxcy house; he was the son of 
Moses Ballou and was born June 2, 1781 ; married, 
Dec. 28, 1818, Martha, daughter of John Randall of 
North Providence, R. I., born Feb. 29, 1792; died 
Sept. 23, 1873, in Swanzey; Mr. Ballou died in Troy, 
Oct. 3, 1838. 

I. Dezah C, born March 20, 1821, in Smithfiekl; married Benjamin 

Read of Swanzey; died Nov. 10, 1882. 

II. Moses D., born Dec. 2, 1822; married, Jan. IS, 1850, Ennice F., 

daughter of Ehjah Lane; died Nov. 27, 1867. One chikl, Fanny 
M. Ballou, born June 19, 1855; married Eugene E. AppHn. 

III. Albert R., born in Troy, Dec. 26, 1824; married, Dec. 26, 1849, 

Mar3" M., daughter of Benjamin Mason; died Nov. 20, 1865. 
Children: 1. Frank Albert Ballou, born March 4, 1850; died 
Nov. 20, 1890; 2. Emma M. Ballou, born Nov. 23, 1855; died 
March 28, 1856; 3. Elwin M. Ballou, born July 24, 1857; died 
April 28, 1859 ; 4. Ella M. Ballou, born Feb. 22, 1859 ; died Nov. 
3, 1865; 5. Mary Deziali, born June 22, 1862; married Charles 
Eveleth of Swanzey. 

Welcome Ballou married, June 2, 1852, Lucy, daughter 
of Stephen Harris and settled on the place where A. B. 
Harrington afterwards lived. He was a painter and 
had the reputation of being a ver3'' skillful workman. 
His health failing, he sold his farm in 1856, and went 
to the West, but soon returned to Tro3% where he died 
Nov. 3, 1857. 

I. Frank W., born July 22, 1856. 

William Barker is supposed to have been a native of 
Concord, Mass. He married Jane, daughter of William 
and Keziah (Cloyes) Goddard, born March 12, 1739; 


Mr. Barker was the first person to settle in what is 
now the town of Troy ; he died Oct. 5, 1798, aged 62. 

I. AiiiGAiL, Ijorn Atig. 20, 1760; married James Dean. 

II. \Vii.Li.\M, born Jime 5, 1762; died April 12. 1790. 

III. Mary, born Dec. 18, 1763. 

IV. Ruth, born April 2, 1766; died April 7, 1790. 

V. John, born Dec. 1, 1767; died 1820. 

VI. Elizaheth, born Feb. 5, 1770; married, March 20, 1800, Abijah 

Cadwell of Fair Haven, Vt. 

VII. Luke, born Oct. 12, 1771; died March 3, 1786. 

VIII. Nathan, born Sept. 28, 1773; married, Jan. 6, 1804, Lucy Law- 

rence; settled in Vermont. 

IX. Peleg, born Aug. 6, 1776; died March 1, 1786. 

X. Lucy, born July 14, 1780; married James Wheelock. 

XI. Olive, born Sept. 18, 1783; was scalded to death, Jan. 7, 1786. 

Calvin Barnard came from Marlborough to Tro}-^ in 1872, 
and settled on the Lemuel Brown place at the North 
end. He was born in Schenectady, N. Y., Sept. 2, 1816; 
married, Sept. 29, 1846, Mary Miranda Perkins, born 
in Unity, N. H., Aug. 28, 1823. Mr. Barnard died 
Nov. 24, 1891. His widow died July 17, 1895. 

I. Josephine C, born in Marlow, Sept. 30, 1847; married, Jan. 2, 

1872, Hudson D. Hale of Rindge. He died June 5, 1873; and 
she married, 2d, Sept. 27, 1876, Charles H. Stanford. Children: 
1. George M. Stanford, born Oct. 19, 1877; 2. Willis C, born May 
10, 1881 ; 3. Mnry A., born Sept. 16, 1883. 

II. Adelaide M., born in Unity, N. H., Sept. 28, 1849; died Fel). 17, 


III. Carlos Melvin, born in rnity, N. H.,Juh' 24, 1851; married, Ma\' 

17, 1877, Harriet R.. daughter of Gregor\' and Emih- (Brown) 
Law^rence. Children: 1. Lumen Downing Barnard, born Jan. 18, 
1884; 2. Walter Alelvin Barnard, born Aug. 26, 1891. 

IV. Alice B.. born in Unity, N. H., Jime 26, 1853; married, Jan. 4, 

1882, Charles W. Brown; died July 30, 1884. 

V. Homer C, born in Ashby, Mass., Oct. 17, 1855; married, 1879, 

Addie E. Ta34or. One child /ess/e N., born April 25, 1881. 

VI. Henry Lyman, born in Marlborough, Jan. 23, 1861. 

VII. Idella Frances, born in MarlI)orough, March 10, 1863. 

VIII. Emily Lucy, born in Marlborough, July 10, 1865. 

Philip Bemis, perhaps grandson of Joseph, who settled in 
Watertown, Mass., in 1640, Avas in Cambridge in 1723, 
and married, Nov. 21, 1723, Elizabeth Lawrence. In 
1738 he moved to Westminster, Mass., being the third 
settler in that township. He had six children, all born 


in Cambridge. The date of their birth is not recorded, 
but the church records give the date of Ijaptisni as 
follows : 

I. Philip, Nov. 13, 1726. 

II. William, Nov. 13, 1726. 

III. David, Juty 80, 1727. 

IV. Abigail, July 25, 1731. 

V. Edmund, Oct. 22, 1732. 

VL Zacheus, July 25, 1736; married Elizabeth Lyon, and settled in 

Edmund Bemis, son of Capt. Edmund and Elizabeth (Rand) 
Bemis, and grandson of Philip and Elizabeth (Lawrence) 
Bemis, born in Westminster, Mass., in 1765; married 
Susannah Graves, and settled first in Fitchburg, but 
came to what is now Troj' in 1807, and purchased a 
farm. Mr. Bemis died Feb. 11, 1857; his wife died 
Jan. 5, 1848. 

I. Clarissa, married William Whitcomb. 

II. Elijah, died in infancy. 

III. Elijah, married Lucy Butler; died Nov. 5, 1852. 

IV. Susannah, married William Jackson of Wallingford, Vt. ; died Dec. 5, 


V. Jonas, born Feb. l-l, 1809. 

VL Mary, born June 7, 1814; married, 1835, George W. Brown; lives 

in Troy. 
VII. Sumner, born 1815; married R. Ann Thompson; died A])ril 10, 1877; 

killed by an accident in E. Buttrick & Co.'s mill. 

Jonas Bemis, son of Edmund, born Feb. 14, 1809; married, 
Aug. 25, 1831, Fanny, daughter of William Lawrence 
of Alarlborough, and resided a few years on the farm 
formerly owned by Levi L. Pierce, but eventually sold 
the place and went to live with his father, on the farm 
now owned by J. AL Foster, and became one of the 
most successful farmers in the westerly part of the 
town. Mrs. Bemis died April 26, 1870; he died March 
21, 1874. 

I. William L., born Nov. 2, 1834; married, Ai)ril 3, 1,S61, Mary J. 

Holt of Troy; resides in Pawtucket, R. L Children: 1 . A'c7y/f . 1 . , 
born Dec. 10, 1861; 2. Henry Leslie, born Jan. 21, 1873. 

II. Warren B., born March 12, 1S30; married, May 20, 1867, Sarah 

Frances Holt of Alabama, born Ai)ril 21, 1848. No children; 
resides in Cincinnati, Ohio. 


III. Mary E., born Oct. 20, 1840; married, Jan. 11, 1866, Henry C. 

Alniy of South Portsmouth, R. I. Chiklren : 1. Frerleric Warren 
AJniy, born Oct. 29, 1866; 2. Fanny Gertrude Alniy, born A])ril 
28, 1873. 

IV. Frederick W., born April 28, 1852; died Oct. 18, 1862. 

V. Frank H., born May 3, 1857; married, July 20, 1887, Juliette C. 

Miller; resides in Cincinnati, Ohio. One child, Mary Adeline, born 
July 1, 1888. 

Elijah Bemis, son of Edmund, married, March 11, 1824, 
Lucy Butler, and located on the farm formerl^^ owned 
by Hugh Thompson, but afterwards by Jonathan Law- 
rence, Jr., where he resided until his death, Nov. 1, 

I. Edmund, born Sept. 19, 182-t. 

II. Caroline, born Jan. 13, 1826; married David Kobbins of Winchen- 

don; died May 17, 1849. 

III. LoKiNG, born April 6, 1827; married, March 2, 1854, Ellen Hall of 

Plymouth, Vt. 

IV. Elijah, born March 2, 1829; married, June 2, 1852, Susan H. Kim- 

ball of Rihdge. 

V. GiLHERT C, born June 23, 1830; married, Oct. 10, 1854, Ellen 

Metcalf of Rindge. 

VI. Susannah, born March 30, 1832; married, April 1, 1850, Simeon 

Merrifield; died Oct. 1, 1853. 

Yii. Lucv Ann, born Sept. 22, 1835; married, Juh' 4, 1859, Derby 

of Fitzwilliam. 

Edmund Bemis, son of Elijah, born Sept. 19, 1824; married, 
1st, Aug. 13, 184G, Mary M. Kimball of Rindge. Mrs. 
Bemis died June 20, 1885, aged 58 ; and he married, 
2d, May 18, 1886, Polly A. Bowen of Richmond. He 
died June 10, 1892. A few years after his marriage he 
purchased the Perkins place on East Hill where he 
lived until about 1887, w^hen he moved to the village 
and purchased one-half of the brick house formerl^^ 
ownied by Isaac Aldrich. Mr. Bemis w^as a shrew^d 
business man and a successful farmer, and by industry 
and economy secured quite a competence. He served 
as selectman of the town at different times for twenty- 
five years, and in 1865 and 1866 represented the town 
in the legislature. He w^as frequently called upon to 
act in the settlement of estates and other probate 
business. Children: 



George Warren, born Jan. 2, 1852; married, November, 1883, 
Cecelia Sweezer of New Brunswick; resides in Templeton, Mass. 

Marianna, born June IG, 1853; married, Sept. 14, 1871, Henry P. 
Howe of Fitzwilliani. Children: 1. Alta May Howe, born March 
14, 1873; died Sept. 1, 1873; 2. Ediuinul Ilcniis Howe, born Jul_v 
7, 1878; 3. Perlcy Clifton Howe, born Jan. 1, 1882. 

Emma Jane, born Jnly 21, 18()(); married, June 29, 188G, Alfred F. 
Haskins. Children: 1. Roger Abbott Haskins, brn^n Au^. 6, 
1891 ; 2. Ernest Pearl Haskins, born April 4, 1893. 

■» i 


IV. Alice Lillian, born April 11, 1862; married, April 27, 1886, 
Elmer J. Adams. Children: 1. Traccy Addison Adams, 1)orn 
April 3, 1889; 2. Arnold Ik-mis Adams, born Jan. 27, 1891; 
resides in Jaffrey. 



Gilbert C. Bemis, son of Elijah, born June 23, 1830; 
married, Oct. 19, 1854, Ellen Sarah, born Feb. 18, 
183G, daughter of Timothy and Mary (Pratt) Metcalf 
of Rindge. He died Feb. 4, 1892. One child : 

1. Charles Gilljert, Ijorn Sept. 23, ISG-i, in Jaffrey. 

Calvin Bemis was the son of Jonathan Bemis of Marlbor- 
ough, where he was born Jan. 27, 1798; married, 
March 14, 1822, Deborah, daughter of Asa and 

Calvin Bemis. 

Deborah (Sargent) Brewer; after his marriage thev 
resided eight years in Swanzey, one year in Marlbor- 
ough, twenty years in Rindge, and came to Trov in 


1851, locating on the place now owned by Mrs. Abel 
Burpee. He was a man of sound judgment and uni- 
versally respected. Air. Beniis died in Troy, Aug. 9, 
1872; his widow died in Fitzwilliam, July 17, 1882. 
Children : 

I. Eliz.x, born Oct. 10, 1823; man-ied, May 8, 1855, Calvin Hastings, 

born Nov. 25, 1817, son of Calvin and Polly (Baker) of Marl- 
borough ; resides in Keene. 

II. Maria, born Jan. 24, 1826; married, Aiarch 31, 1847, Charles 

Perry of Fitzwilliam. 

III. Marv Jane, born April 9, 1835; married, Oct. 23, 1855, Leonard 


John U. Beers was born April 8, 1829. He settled in 
Troy, Aug. 10, 1853. His father, John Spencer Beers, 
was born in Providence, R. I., in 1797, and moved to 
Orwell, Bradford County, Pa., about the year 1820. 
He married, Aug. 25, 1822, Sally Howe, and returned 
to Providence where he resided eight years, when he 
returned to Orwell. John U. resided with his parents 
till 1843, when he went to Brooklyn as an apprentice 
at the tanning business, and remained there until Nov. 
27, 1847; the next year he worked at his trade in 
Ashby, Mass.; he went to Rindge in 1849, and married 
Marcia A. Woods, a native of that town, in 1850. 
After coming to Troy, he worked at his trade for 
Wright & Foster; later he removed to Hinsdale. Died 
in Whately, Mass., February, 1895. Mrs. Marcia A. 
Beers died Oct. 27, 1854, and he married, 2d, Myra 
A., daughter of Dea. Abel Baker, Dec. 10, 1856. 

I. John Addison, born Dec. 5, 1851. 

II. Charles A., born Aug. 7, 1863; died Aug. 19, 1863. 

III. Arthur H., born Aug. 4, 1864. 

IV. Walter S. 

Agabus Bishop and wife, Rebecca, are said to have come 
from Wrentham, Mass., and settled here about 1778; 
he died Dec. 20, 1795. His widow was taxed in Fitz- 
william tmtil 1802. They had ten children, all born 
before the family came here. 

I. Rehecca, married William Clark and settled on the farm formerly 
owned by John Godding, where they lived a few years, when 
thev went West. 


II. Dolly, married Nathaniel Buckland, Jr. The3- left town about 1797. 

in. Hannah, married Robert Bowditch ; lived in Vermont. 

IV. Abigail, married Ezekiel Miles; resides in Wallingford, Yt. 

V. Betsey, married Aaron Sparks; resides in Springfield, Vt. 

VI. Lucy, married Aaron Spofford ; resides in Peru, New York or Ver- 


vii. Polly, married James C. .\llen; resides in Wallingiord, Yt. 

viH. Jesse, married Godding, a sister of Timothy and John, and 

settled near Thomas Clark's. Mrs. Godding died Sept. 6, 1790; 
he died Oct. 3, 1790. 

IX. Ac.abus, married Rebecca Sweetland, probably a daughter oi John 
Sweetland. One child, Jesse, born about 1792; married Lucinda, 
born 1799; died 1837, daughter and Rose (Swift) Bal- 
lon of Richmond. Children: Smith, born Nov. 12, 1814; Betsey, 
born Aug. 10, 1818; Lois, born April 22, 1823; married Harrison 
Taft of Richmond. TroA- records show that Jesse, son of Agcd)us 
and Rebecca Bishop was married Aug. 2, 1860, to Mrs. Prudence 
Thornton, daughter of Stephen and Olive White of Fitzwilliani ; 
she was his fourth wife and he was her fourth husband. 

\. WiLLiA.M, died Feb. 6, 1831, aged 57 3'ears; he married Betse3' Jes- 
sup of Warwick, Mass.; she died Aug. 21, 1830, aged 57 3'ears. 
Children : 1 . Rosea, born July 3. 1803 ; 2. George, born Feb. 27, 
1806; died July 10, 1828. 

John Herbert Bigelow, son of" Charles Bigelow, was 
born in Fitzwilliani, Feb. 14, 1852; married, Jtine 19, 
1877, Mary Abby, born Nov. 27, 1850, daughter of 
David N. and Abigail R. (Alexander) Putney of Fitz- 
william. Has been station agent at Troy for about 
fifteen \^ears. 

I. Charles Ikwix, born .\ug. 20, 1879. 

Thom.\s a. BirtavhiStle was born in Halifax, England, 
May 29, 1830; married, 1st, June 23, 1852, Susannah 
Stocks, who died Jan. 16, 1884, aged 53 years; married, 
2d, Feb. 17, 1885, EHzabeth Stocks, born Nov. 27, 
1827, sister of his first wife. Mr. Birtwhistle came to 
America in 1854, staying a few months, but returned 
with his family in the fall of 1856, and settled in 
Massachusetts ; came to Troy in 1869, and entered 
the employ of Tro}- Blanket Mills and has continued 
working for them up to the present time. He has been 
an industrious, temperate and upright citizen and has 
been able by these habits to accumulate some property-, 
and has taken a deep interest in the affairs of the 



town. Mrs. Birtwhistlc died June 11, 1896, and he 
married, 3d, Jnl3' 30, 1897, Mrs. Lucy A. Pike. 

Thomas A. P.iktwhistle. 

Elizabeth Ann, born in Halifax, En.i^lnnd, June 17, ISHH; married 
Charles D. Farrar. 

Ellen, born in Halifax, July 21, lsr>7; married, An.^-. 2'.), ISSI, 
Charles J. Shaw; resides in Ossipee, N. H. Children: 1. \V;ihcr 
Jefferson Shaw, liorn An.y-. 14-, ISS.^; 2. Evelyn Elixnheili Slinw, 
died 1885, ajjed 11 months; ;>. Louis Ethelhcrt Slinw, horn 

March 16, ; 4-. Er/inklin Akcd Shaw; 5. Charles Leonard 


Louis William, born in Marblehead, Mass., Mareh 30, ISGO; died 
August, 1860. 


lY. Harriet Maria, born in Marblehead, April 14, 1861 ; married, 
Aug. 20, 1889, Leonard E. Tilden of Marlborough. 

V. Fredp:rick Stocks, born in Saugus, Mass., Sept. 24, 1864. 

VI. Arthur Horsfall, born in Satigns, May 15, 1867; died Jiily 23, 


VII. Alfred Newton, born in Saugus, August, 1869; died October, 1869. 

VIII. Frances Hartley, born in Troy, April 24, 1870; died Aug. 15, 


IX. Mary Susannah, born June 7, 1871; died Aug. 9, 1871. 

Harvey Blanding, son of Otis and Abigail (Barrus) 
Blanding, was born in Richmond, May 1, 1809; 
married, Dec. 3, 1835, Mary I^erham, daughter of 
Zahnon and Phebe (Holt) Howe; died March 23, 
1859; Mrs. Blanding died Nov. 6, 1879, aged 68. 
After coming to Troy, he worked for Charles Coolidge 
some time in his pail shop, and just Ijefore his marriage 
built the house in which he afterwards resided, and in 
1849, built the shop now owned by C. A. Farrar, in 
which he manufactured pails until his death. 

^. Mary Jane, born Ajjril 8, 1887; married, April 2(), 1858, James 

II. Joel Oscar, born Feb. 26, 1842. 

III. Janette Adeline, born Nov. 11, 184G. 

Ira Boyden, son of Eli Boyden, born in Chesterfield, April 
18, 1801; married, Jan. 1, 1826, Thirza Coburn, and 
resided in Chesterfield and Winchester vmtil March, 
1839, when he came to Troy and built the house near 
the line between Troy and Marlborough, now owned 
by Charles F. Pope. In 1845, he moved to the village 
and purchased of Nathan Putney the house now owned 
by J. H. Bigelow, and later, in company with his son, 
bought the one now owned by W. J. Boyden, where 
he resided until near the close of his life. He was a car- 
penter and one of the most useful citizens. He died 
July 2, 1884; Mrs. Boyden died 1868. 

I. Sarah, born Feb. 9, 1827; died March 14, 1847. 

II. Persis H., born Jan. 20, 1829; married, Nov. 1, 1852, David E. 

Cutler of Newark, N. J.; Mr. Cutler died Jan. 6, 1869. Children: 

1. Fred Albert Cutler, born July 21, 1855; died April 14, 1856; 

2. Williaw P. Cutler, born Dec. 6, 1858; married, June 14, 1886, 
Adelaide Z. Young; 3. Fred W. Cutler, born Jan. 21, 1864; 
married, Sept. 29, 1886, Mary G. Gardinier. 


III. Alfonzo W., born Dec. 2, 1831 ; died Aug. 12. 1833. 

IV. William JuDSON, born June 7, 1836; married, Oct. 6, 1863, Jane P. 

Aldrich of Riclnnond. Children: 1. Liila A., born March 29, 
1865; married, Jan. (5, 1892, Ernest H. Gates. One child, Ralph 
Ernest Gates, born Nov. 7, 1896; 2. Harold E., born April 2, 

V. Charlotte A., born July 29, 1838; married, Oct. 1, 1861, William 


The Brewer famih' came from England, but at what 
time is not known. Their ancestry dates back to John 

Brewer, who married Anne ; had a son, James, who 

married EHzabeth, daughter of Henry Rice; he had a son, 
James, born Sept. 10, 1675, and married : 1st, Elizabeth 
Grant, 2d, Abigail Smith, widow of Johnanna Singleton ; 
they had a son, James, born July 27, 1703; married, Dec. 8, 
1731, Mary Smith. 

James Brewer, the son of James, was born Oct. 28, 1746; 
married, Dec. 11, 1766, Mary Hoar. He came from 
East Sudbury, now Wayland, Mass., in 1788 or 1789. 
Mrs. Brewer died Nov. 27, 1826, and he died Nov. 21, 
1832. They were buried in Swanzey on a little knoll 
nearly opposite the residence of Denman Thompson. 

I. Asa, born Juh' 24-, 17(57. 

n. PER.SIS, born July 22, 1771; married, Aug. 12, 1789, Silas Wheeler. 

MI. James, born June 10, 1779. 

IV. Marv, born Oct. 8, 1782. 

Asa Brewer, son of James, became a resident in June, 
1797; married, Aug. 25, 1794, Deborah, daughter of 
Samuel and Deborah (Sylvester) Sargent, born April 
17, 1772, and settled in Roxbury. On coming here he 
located on the Enoch Garfield farm and afterwards on 
the Jonathan Clark farm, and some ten years later re- 
moved to Barton, Vt., where he died March 11, 1836; 
his widow died in Rindge, Aug. 2, 1845. 

I. PoLLV, born Sept. 17, 1796; married, 1st, Jonathan Clark ; married, 

2d, Isaac Stowell. 

II. Asa, born May 9, 1798. 

III. Deborah, born April 10, 1800; married, March 14-, 1822, Calvin 



IV. Silas, born April 10,1802; married Lovina Woodward of Swanzey, 

and moved to Maiden Rock, Wis., where he died Nov. 27, 1880; 
his \vi(h)W (hed in 1881. 

V. Bktskv, Ijorn March 10, 1807; niarried Benjamin Garey of Jaffrey. 
VI. -VII. Twins, infants, died Nov. 14, 1808. 

viu. Peksis, born Feb. 23, 1810; married Samuel Cross of Salem, N. H.; 
died July, 1858. 

Asa Brewer, son of Asa, born May 9, 1798; died Sept. 
4, 1863; married, 1st, Jnne 8, 1820, Rachel, born Feb. 
22, 1798, daughter of Joel and Betsey (Gibbs) Knight 
of Sudbury, Mass. ; she died Nov. 28, 1828, and he 
niarried, 2d, Betsey Knight, born May 4-, 1804, a sister 
of his first wife. After his marriage he located on the 
Jonathan Clark place and soon after purchased the 
farm afterwards owned by William Whitconib, and a 
few months after moved to Fitzwilliam. Children born, 
I, II, in Troy, in, vii, in Fitzwilliam, viii, ix, in Riiidge, 
— four by 1st marriage, seven by 2d mariage. 

I. JoHL K., l)()rn Jan. 27, 1822; died Sept. 4., 1863; resided in Charles- 

town, Mass. 

II. James, born Jan. 25, 1825; married Cynthia , who died in 

Maine, Nov. 29. Resides in Topeka, Kansas. 
HI. Hakkiht, born March 27, 1827; died June 11, 1827. 

IV. George S., born Nov. 18, 1828; married, Sept. 24, 1851, Rusina, 

born Nov. 4, 1827; died Nov. 20, 1871, daughter of Reuben and 
Beiitrice (Beard) Tarbell of Rindge; resides in Boston, Mass. 

V. Gardner, liorn Oct. 11, 1829; married Marinda C, daughter of 

George W. Bryant; she died A])ril 11, 1856, in Boston, aged 22 
years, 9 months; resided in Charlestown, Mass.. Died at Bur- 
lington, Vt., 1897. 

VI. Raciike, ])orn April 10, 1833; died Oct. 2, 1853, unmarried. 

VII. Harriet R., born June 3, 1835; married William H. Wheeler of 


VIII. Elizabeth A., born June 21, 1837; married, Dec. 2, 1864, Edwin 

S. Chase of Royalston ; resides in Boston, Mass. 

IX. Hexkv H., born March 19, 1841; resides in Philadelphia, Pa. 

X. Calvin B., born Sejjt. 17, 1844; resides in Topeka, Kan. 

XI. Emerancv H., born Dec. 29, 1846; married Thaddeus Cummings, 

Jan. 14, 1866; resides in Fitchburg, Mass. 

Henry S. Brown was born in England, Jul.v 6, 1849; 
married, Oct. 7, 1867, Mary A. Weston, born in 
England. He came to Troy from Salisbury, Alass., in 
1869, and was emploA-ed as a spinner b\' Tro\' Blanket 



Mills until his death, which occurred July 9, 1881; 
drowned while bathing at Salisbury beach. 
I. Henkv Jamhs, born Feb. 17, 1809; married, 1st, June 29, l!S73, 
Lula A., daughter of Simeon and Nancy (Tupper) Merrifield ; she 
died May 22, 1895; married, 2d, July 26, 1896, Emma J., 
daughter of Oliver P. and Ellen (Parker) Whitcomlj. One child. 
Hazel Vern, Ijorn April 18. 1894; died Aug. 24, 1894-. 
n. Walter Eli, born Oct. 19, 1870. 
in. Emma Louise, born March 28, 1872; married Josei)h Jarvis. 

IV. Bessie Adella, born Jan. 11, 1876; married, Juh- 18, 1894, Fred 

A. Newton of Fitzwilliam. One child, Robert Stafford Newton, 
born May 11, 1895. 

V. Ethel M., born Oct. 5, 1879; married, Nov. 16, 1893, Leon F. 

Marshall of Fitzwilham, died March 9, 1895. One child, Ethel 
M. Marshall, born March 4, 1895. 

Lemuel Brown was a native of Sudbury, Mass., and 
came here in 1823, purchasing the Daniel Cutting farm 
of Levi Daggett. He 
was accompanied b\^ his 
father, Abel Brown, and 
a younger brother, Geo. 
W. Brown. He married 
Leafy Knight of Sud- 
bury, iDorn Ma^' 2, 
1797; died Oct." 10, 
1879. Mr. Brown re- 
sided on the place for- 
merly owned by Calvin 
Barnard, on which he 
built a new house in 
1832. For a short time 
he lived in an old house 
which stood southwest 
of this house. 

I. Al.mika, born Oct. 6, 1818; 

married, March 27, 1842, 
Lyman Spooner. 

II. Emily, born April 3, 1820; 

married, June 5, 1843, 
Gregory Lawrence. 

III. Harriet, born Jan. 9, 1831; married 

McClenathan; died Nov. 19, 1854. 

IV. Caroline, born Oct. 4, 1832; died Oct. 24,; 1839. 

Lemuel Bk(iwn. 

Nov. 5, 1850, Warren 




v. Lemuel W., born October, 1S35. 
VI. Charles W., born Jan. 31, 1839. 

Lemuel Warren Brown, son of Lemuel, born October, 
1835; married, 1st, July 7, 1857, Sarah T. Bliss of 
Royalston, Mass., died July 27, 1880; married, 2d, Oct. 
19, 1881, Mrs. Sarah Howe. He died August 30, 1890. 

L Nellie Elvira, liorn Juh* 24, 1S58; married, October, 1884, Frank 
E. Collett of Alston, Mass; died Feb. 14, 1885. 

II. Sakaii AuniE, born April 22, 1860; married in 1883, Wilbur J. 

Bedell; resides in Hardwick, Vt. 

III. Warren C, born Nov. 13, 1873; married, July 4, 1894, ("Trace M. 

Carver of Nova Scotia. 


Charles \V. Brown. 

Charles W. Brown, son of Lemuel, born Jan. 31, 
1839; married, 1st, June 21, 1863, Martha J. Dyke of 


Huntington, Vt., born Sept. 15, 1844, died Feb. 4, 
1879; married, 2d, Jan. 4, 1882, Alice B. Barnard; she 
died July 30, 1884, and he married, 3d, May 13, 1891, 
Mrs. Clara L. Nutting, born August 2,1854; Mr. Brown 
died Feb. 22, 1893. He lived on the homestead until 
about 1871, when he moved into the village, and about 
1885, purchased the place now" owned by his heirs, 
previousH^ ow^ned by Barrett Riple}-. He was one of 
the selectmen in 1867, 1868 and 1869 ; representative 
in 1882, and served as moderator from 1885 until his 
death. He entered the employ of the Troy Blanket 
Mills in 1869, and remained until his death, being for 
several years assistant superintendent. Was for many 
years deacon and an honored and influential member 
of the Baptist church. Children all by first wife. 

I. Frank L., born Sept. 20, 1867. 

II. LoRETTA J., born Sept. 7, 1870; married, Dec. 21, 1892, Ernest K. 

Ball; resides in Bellows Falls. Children: 1. hliulclinc Erances 
Ball, born Oct. 30, 1893; 2. Ralph Ball, born July 1, 1895; 3. 
Constance Ernestine Ball, born Jan. 4-, 1897. 

III. Grace, born May 23, 1877. 

George W. Brown, son of Abel, born 1811; married, June 
28, 1837, Mary, daughter of Edmund and Susannah 
(Graves) Bemis, and moved into a house he built the 
previous year and now owned by his son. Soon after 
this he built a shop near the house in which he turned 
bedposts, mortars and fancy dishes, later manufac- 
turing washboards, mop handles and clothespins. Mr. 
Brown died April 29, 1880. 

I. George, born April 21, 1839. 

II. Mary E., born Oct. 17, 1843; married, August, 1866, Daniel Adams 

Field, born in Levcrett, Mass., July 17, 1839; resides in Jafilrey. 

George Brown, son of George W., born April 21, 1839; 
married, Oct. 29, 1863, Nellie M. Converse of Keene. 

I. Henry E., born Oct. 17, 1864; married. Oct. 25, 1890, (k-rtrude 

M., daughter of Welister and Mary (Oaks) Corey. One child, 
George, born Oct. G, 1892; died Oct. 14. 1892. 

II. Eya M., born Dec. 13, 1866; married, July 14, 1887, (ieorge W. 

Tobias. Children: 1. David Charles Tobias, born Dec. 18, 1891 ; 
2. William Ennis Tobias, born Jan. 3, 1893. 

III. Elberta G., born Ma\^ 28, 1868; married, Dec. 21. 1886, Edwin 

B. Forristall ; resides in Cambridgeport, Mass. 


Erastus Brown was a son of Asaph and Martha (Wilder), 
and grandson of Sanmel and Lovina (Bruce). He was 
born in Winchendon, Ala^' 2, 1808; married, Sept. 29, 
1832, Ahreda, bom Sept. 4, 1808, died Feb. 6, 1873, 
daughter of Ezekiel Thompson of Swanzey. For some 
time previous to his marriage he resided in Rindge, but 
from 1830 to 1840, he lived in Fitzwilliam, coming to 
Tro3^ in 1841. He was a blacksmith by trade and 
made edge tools in the shop afterwards occupied by 
A. W. Baker, which was the old curry shop belonging 
to the tannery. He died Sept. 17, 1845, from injuries 
received in his mill. The following is from an obituarv 
notice published at the time. " The death of Mr. Brown 
was occasioned 1)3' an injur\^ which he received at his 
mill. Owing to a defect in the floor, he fell, his arm 
became entangled in the machinery' and was crushed in 
a shocking manner; amputation at the shoulder joint 
became necessary. But this did not avail to save his 
life. After some forty-eight hours of intense suffering, 
which was borne with patience and Christian fortitude, 
he died. Air. Brown was an honest man and a 
Christian. His life was above reproach." 

I. Maria A., born in Fitzwilliam. Xov. 4, 1833; married Chancy N. 

Garfield; died April 16, 1866. 

II. Martha J., born in Fitzwilliam, Se^jt. 10, 1837; died Xov. 4, 1838. 

III. Henry J., born in Fitzwilliam, Feb. 25, 1840; married, Juh- 20, 

1870, Ann M. Holt; resides in Cleveland, Ohio. Children: 1. 
Ernest B., born June 7, 1874; 2. Wnklo H., born Sept. 27, 1878; 
died July 24. 1882. 

IV. Helen J., born in Fitzwilliam, Feb. 25, 1S40; married Moses E. 


V. Martha A., born in Tro^-, Sept. 11, 1843; married, 1st, David \Y. 

Capron; married, 2d, Jan. 19, 1882, .\shel G. Spragne of Keene. 

Irving Brooks, son of Ira and Rebecca E. (Wilder) Brooks, 
born in Ashburnham, Mass., June 1, 1842; married, 
June 28, 1882, Airs. Emma J. Gee, daughter of Harvey- 
S. Gates. 

I. Elrose Irving, born Sept. 9, 1884. 

John Bruce, with his wife Alary (Joslin) and eight children, 
came from Sudbury-, Alass., about 1775. He died June 


3, 1779, aged 50 years, "killed by logs at sawmill; 
lived about thirty' hours." But little can be obtained 
about his family or descendants. 

I. Lucy, married Daniel Farrar; died Atig. 20, 1830. 

II. Polly, married John Moore of Warwick, Mass. 
lu. Lydia, married William Nurse, April 27, 1780. 

IV. Esther, married David White, Aug. 2, 1787; died Sept. 27, 1839. 

V. William, married, Dec. 11, 1781, Abigail Gould; he died March 13, 

1811, aged 50 years, from boards falling on him; he lived and 
died on the Franklin Woodward farm. 

VI. John, died yoixng. 

VII. Thomas, married a daughter of Ichabod Shaw. 

VIII. CvKUS, married Betsey' Moore and settled in Vermont. 

Abel J. Burpee was born in Sterling, Mass., Oct. 3, 1825; 
married, Sept. 10, 1861, Mrs. Roancy A. (Porter) 
Piper, who w'as born in Jaffrey, July 16, 1822. Came 
to Troy in 1862, and bought of the Calvin Bemis heirs 
the place where he lived until his death, Feb. 6, 1896. 

I. Walter F., born in Marlborough, April 12, 1862; married, Dec. 
31, 1885, Susie M. Perham. 

William Butler w^as born in Chesterfield, Oct. 10, 1838; 
married, Oct. 1, 1861, Charlotte A. Boyden. Mr. 
Butler resided for many years in the house now owned 
by J. H. Bigelow% and was emploj-ed in various 
capacities as a salesman. A few years since he removed 
to Arlington, Mass., his present residence. 

I. Cora Mabel, born in Troy, June 6, 1862. 

IL Gertrude Augusta, born in Richmond, April 19, 1864; married, 
June 6, 1894, Charles H. Svvtm ; resides in Arlington, Mass. 

III. William Hurlhutt, born in Troy, March 23, 1869. 

Joseph Butler, born probably in Bolton, Mass., June 2, 
1767; married Parna Temple, born Nov. 22, 1770; 
died in Troy, May 22, 1832. He located first in 
Bolton, where he lived for about eighteen years after 
his marriage. He came here about 1806, and bought 
of Rufus Russell, a farm southeast of Simon Butler's, 
which was formerly on an old road leading from Silas 
Fife's, to Hugh Thompson's. They resided there about 
thirty years when they removed to Marlborough, 
where he died March 28, 1844. 

I. Betsey, born Sept. 28, 1791; married Elias Mann; died in Jaffrey. 


II. Amos, liorn Dec. 13, 1792. 

III. Joseph, born March 10, 1791; married Polly Mason of Swanzey. 

IV. Olive, born Oct. 11, 1795; married Simon Butler. 

V. Abigail, born June 3, 1798 ; married Levi Daggett ; lived in Kindge. 

VI. Lucy, born June 3, 1800; married Elijah Bemis. 

VII. Asa, born June 15, 1802. 

VIII. Jabez, born Nov. 14, 1803. 

IX. Levi, born July 7, 1809; married, Ncjv. 11, 1827, Sophia Sargent 

of Lancaster; removed to Oxford, Mass. ; died in 1880. Children: 

1. Louisa; married William Gordon; 2. Ellen S., married Francis 


Amos Butler, son of Joseph, married Mar\' Sargent, bom 

in Lancaster, Mass., Dec. 13, 1801, came to Troy 

about 1819 or 1820; lived here two or three years, 

then removed to Marlborough where they resided luitil 

1834, when they removed to Plymouth, Vt.. where he 

died March 19,"l862. 

I. Hampleton Erwin, born in Lancaster, May 9, 1817; married, 

December, 1855, Mary Williams of Reading, Vt. ; he was a 
machinist; died in Plymouth, Vt., in 1865. 

II. Amos Orson, born in Troy, Aug. 28, 1818; died in Shrewsbury, 

Mass., July 28, 1829. 

III. Elmira, born in Troy, Feb. 16, 1820; married, 1840, Amos W. 

Dike; she died in Plymouth, Vt., Dec. 8, 1844. 
lY. Cordelia, born in Marlborough, Dee. 10, 1822; died in Plymouth, 

Vt., Dec. 8, 1869. 
v. George Appleton, iMirn in Marll)orough, March 22, 1825; died 

Sept. 28, 1826. 
Yi. Susan Abigail, born in Marlborough, Aj^ril 14,1827; married, Oct. 

4, 1854, David Bo\'d ; resides in Plymouth, Vt. 
Yii. Stephen Merrick, born in Shrewsbury, Mass., Feb. 21, 1831; 

married, Oct. 29, 1860, Ellen A. Williams, who died in November, 

Yiii. Frederick Austin, born in Lancaster, Mass., March 11, 1834; 

married, March 26, 1860, Julia Pollard of Bridgewater, Vt. ; is a 

carpenter; resides in Plymouth, Vt. 

IX. S. M. Webster, born in Lancaster, Mass., Dec. 27, 1836; resides in 


X. Fitzharlan H., born in Plymouth, Vt., Feb. 4, 1840; married, 

Feb. 4, 1863, Angle Johnson of Plymouth ; i-emoved to Stratton, 
Vt., where he was ordained a Freewill Baptist minister, Dec. 12, 

Asa Butler, son of Joseph, married, April 2, 1826, Julia, 
daughter of Simeon and Lucy Butler; resided in St. 
Augustine, Ills., where he died. 


I. Eli H., born July 7, 1S27; resides in Worcester, Mass. 

II. Fannie, born April S, 1838; married A. O. Wheeler of Troy; resides 

in Illinois. 

III. Mary, born Ang. 22, 1834; married Nathaniel Bourn of Richmond; 

resides in Illinois. 

Jabez Butler, son of Joseph, married, 1st, Betsey Boyden 
of Chesterfield; she died Aug. 30, 1867, and he married, 
2d, Feb. 11, 1869, Mary Ann, daughter of Luke and 
Polly (Whitney) Harris; resided in Plymouth, Vt., 
where he died Jan. 14, 1889. Children by first wife. 

I. Otis P., born 1830; resides in Rindge. 

II. Jason, born 1832; died young. 

III. Amisrose, served in the United States arniA' ; since died. 

IV. Angie, married W. Guild of Shrewsbury, Vt. 
Y. Omar D. ; died in the United States service. 

Simon Butler, a native of Lancaster, Mass., married, 
March 5, 1817, Olive, daughter of Joseph and Parna 
(Temple) Butler, and settled in Marlborough. He came 
here in 1820, and resided six years, then returned to 
Marlborough, where he remained ten years ; but in 
1837, he came to Troy again and located on the farm 
first purchased and where he lived tmtil his death, 
March 20, 1869; his wife died Jan. 8, 1870. 

I. LovELL P., born Nov. 14, 1817; died Nov. 24, 1891, unmarried. 

II. Simon Oliver, born March 30, 1819. 
in. Algernon Sidney, born Sept. 23, 1822. 
lY. Charles, born Jan. 25, 1826. 

v. Ira Melyin Broad, born Dec. 5, 1829. 

VI. Mary Jane, born Nov. 9, 1835; married, 1st, Nov. 14, 1850, 
Edward F. Starkey ; he died April 28, 1859; she married, 2d, 
March 29, 1869, M. A. Dickerman, born in Mt. Holly, Vt., vScpt. 
22, 1829; died April 7, 1897. 

Simon Oliver Butler, son of Simon, born March 30, 
1819; married, April 12, 1854, Ruth E. Haskell of 
Oakham, Mass. He moved from Troy to Marlborough, 
March 2, 1858, where he resided until April 1, 1861, 
when he removed to Holden, Mass., and later to 
Oakham, where he now resides. 

\. Clara P., born in Troy, June 7, 1856; died Feb. 8, 1857. 
n. Henry N., born in Marlborough, May 27, 1858; married, vSept. 19, 
1885, Emma Gould of North Brookfield, Mass. 


ni. Olive Maria, born in Marlborough, Dec. 19, 1859; married 
Charles F. Howard of Orange, Mass. ; died Dec. 22, 1889. 

IV. George S., born in Oakham, Dec. 4, 1863. 

V. Sarah E. X., born Oct. 5, 1867. 

Charles Butler, son of Simon, born Jan. 25, 1826; 
married, 1st, Sarah P. Haskell, who died Sept. 13, 
1856; he married, 2d, Nov. 19, 1857, Maria L. Haskell; 
he died June 5, 1892; he resided in Oakham, Mass. 

I. Bertha Edna, born Nov. 14, 1871. 

Algernon Sidney Butler, son of Simon, born Sept. 23, 
1822; married, 1st, March 4, 1847, Harriet Goddard 
of Rindge, who was born in Athol, Jan. 30, 1820; 
died Alay 22, 1861 ; married, 2d, Alary Darling. For 
some time after their marriage thev' resided in Tro^-, 
then moved to Rindge, where they remained tmtil 
1855, then returned to Troy and lived on the Elijah 
Bemis farm until he removed to Jaifre^-, his present 

I. LvsAXDER Sidney, born Jan. 21, 1848; married Louise A. Watson, 

Jt;ne 4, 1868; died at Worcester, Mass., Juh*, 1872. Children: 
1. Albert, born in Keene, 1869; died young; 2. Everett Sidney, 
born Jul.v 10, 1872. 

II. Ella Harriet, born June 9, 1854; married Luke Parkhurst. 

III. AL\RIETTA Idella, born Dec. 15, 1858; married Alfred F. Clark. 

IV. Eveline Caroline, born Dec. 17, 1865; married David Frye. 

Ira M. B. Butler, son of Simon, bom Dec. 5, 1829; 
married, 1st, Sept. 25, 1854-, Eliza J. White of Fitx- 
william. Mrs. Butler died Aug. 29, 1867 ; and he 
married, 2d, March 29, 1869, Rebecca Jane Ross of 
Dublin; she died May 28, 1873; married, 3d, Aug. 19, 
1873, Louisa Wilder of Winchendon. 

I. Lester, born in Fitzwilliam, Dec. 18, 1860; married, Feb. 15, 1887, 
Ilura M. Beckett of Webster, Mass. One child, Alyrtle Alvuna, 
born Oct. 24, 1887. 

u. Willie A., born Dec. 1, 1865; died Aug. 7, 1871. 

Daniel Buttrick was a descendant of Samuel Buttrick 
of Concord, Mass., who was one of the early settlers 
of that town, and Avho late in life gave to each of his 
six sons a farm near the center of the town. He was 
the son of Daniel and Eunice Buttrick, and was born 
in Winchendon, Jan. 23, 1783; married, Dec. 23, 1810, 


Mary, daughter of William Knight of Fitzwilliam. 
Daniel, the father, was born May 13, 1748, and died 
May 17, 1848, at the age of 100 years and four days. 
The subject of this sketch settled in Marlborough 
about 1819, and for several years tended the toll-gate 
on the south turnpike. He removed to Troy in 1831, 
locating on a farm he had previously purchased of the 
administrator of the estate of Josiali, son of David 
Wheeler, which is the place now occupied b_v Samuel 
A. Mason. He died March 31, 1860; his widow 
died Oct. 7, 1879, aged 90. 

I. Eunice, born Sept. 26, 1811; married, Dec. 11, 1S34-, Stillman 

Woodward; died April 1, 1S66. 
n. Edwin, born June 18, 1813. 
HI. D.\NiEL, born Oct. 4, 1814-; died March 25, 1815. 

IV. M.\RY Ann, born Jan. 11, 1816; married, Nov. 9. 1837, .\lton 

Blodgett; resides, a widow, in Fitchl)urg. 

V. Marth.a. C, born Jan. 18, 1818; married, Feb. 15, 1837, Osgood 

Collester, who died Feb. 28, 1873; and she married, 2d, Lucius 
.\ldrich ; resides in Fitcliburg. 

VI. Maria K., l)orn Jan. 18, 1848; married, Feb. 16, 1837, Harrington 

Sibley; resides in Fitcliburg. 

VII. LvDi.\ R., born Feb. 4, 1820; married Walter Hayward ; resides in 


Edwin Buttrick, son of Daniel, born June 18, 1813; 
married, 1st, March 31, 1835, Lucy Wetherbee of 
Swanzey;' Mrs. Buttrick died Oct. 28, 1884, and he 
married, 2d, Nov. 23, 1886, Mrs. Maria Wheeler; he 
died April 24, 1892. He resided with his father for 
about two years after his marriage; afterwards he 
bought the Flint place, to which he removed and 
remained two years. In 1845 he formed a partnership 
with Capt. Solomon Goddard for the manufacture of 
pails, and the following year bought of John Whitte- 
more the brick house built by him and in which he 
continued to reside until his second marriage. He 
continued the manufacture of wooden ware with Mr. 
Goddard until the death of the latter in 1854, and 
continued in the business until his death, a portion of 
the time conducting the business alone, and later in 
company wath his son-in-law, Asa C. Dort. He was 



for many years an honored and influential member of 
the Con<^regational church and was one of its deacons 
for nearly twenty-eight years. He was a member of 


Ebwin Buttrick. 

the Legislature for three terms, in 1859, 1860 and 
1884, and was also a member of the Constitutional 
Convention in 1889. 

I. Wakkhn, lioni Sept. 27, l!S4-0; died Jan. 5, l.S-tS. 

II. Ellen Ann, born April 12, 184-4; married, Dee. 27, l!S65, Asa C. 


Capron. The numerous families in New England of the 
name of Capron, are supposed to be the descendants of 
Banfleld Capron, who is said to have been a native of 


Chester, a large seaport town in the north of EngL'ind. 
He came to America, probably about 1660. He married 
soon after and settled in Barrington, Mass., where he lived 
about twent\^ years, removing to Attleborough where he 
lived until his death in 1752. He was thrice married and 
had twelve children, eleven of whom lived to marr\' and 
have families. 

Jonathan Capron, second son of Jonathan and Rebecca 
(Morse) Capron, married Alice Alden and came to this 
region quite early, pursuing his trade as a blacksmith. 
He had nine children, Jonathan, Thankful, Margaret, 
Walter, Charles, David, John, Putnam, Rebecca. 

Jonathan Capron, son of Jonathan and Alice (Alden) 
Capron, settled in Marlborough, and afterwards came 
to Troy, building a house near the David W. Farrar 
place. He was a blacksmith and his shop was on the 
land now owned by Mrs. S. E. Harris, north of the 
Congregational cliinxh. He worked there some ten or 
fifteen years and then went to Vermont. He had 
twelve children. 

I. Zeri'iah, married, 1st, Amasa Converse; married, 2d, Enoeh White. 

II. Eli. 

HI. Lois, married Josiah lu^alls of Fitzwilliam. 

IV. Stephen. 

V. Cyrus. 

VI. Sakah, married John Teak. 

VII. Alice, married Shnal)el Plymjiton. 

VIII. Hannah, married Martin. 
L\. Nancy. 

X. Philinda. 

XI. Jonathan. 

XII. Patience, married Cliapin. 

James Capron, born in Winchester, March 16, 1808; 
married, Nov. 1, 1832, Sophronia, daughter of Isaac 
and Abigail Aldrich, and located in Jaftrey. He was a 
shoemaker and learned his trade of James L. Sanborn 
of Concord. He resided a short time in Troy, Kcene, 
Marlborough and Swanzey, in succession, but returned 
to Trov in 1846 and resided here until his death. 



occnpyins: the same shop for thirty-six years, and \vas 
a very industrious man all his life. Mrs. Capron died 
Aprils, 1871; he died Jan. 4, 1882. 

I. Foster, born Sept. 29, 1833; died in 1S37. 

II. JosKPH Foster, born June 9, 1837. 

III. George I., Ijorn Nov. 25, 1841; died Nov. 17, 1868. 

IV. David W., born Feb. 6, 184.7; married. May 5, 1868, Martha A., 

daughter of Erastns Brown; died July 9, 1870. 

Joseph F. Caprox, son of James Capron, born Jime 9, 
1837; married, Dec. 1, 1863, Sarah E., dan.2;liter of 
Josiah and Betsey B. (Putney) Amadou. Died Feb. 13, 

I. Dora L., born Oct. 10, 1865; died June 5, 1873. 

II. Grace Elizabe:th, born Dec. 11), 1872; married, Sept. 24. 1892, 

Frank J. Remis of Marlborough; resides in Madlnn\v, N. H. One 
child, IL-irriet Elizabeth Beniis, born May 11, 1895. 

Charles Carpenter was born May 19, 1808; married, 
Nov. 16, 1837, Elvira Wadsworth of Roxbtir^-, and 
settled in the Bailey 
Starkey house. He 
was a descendant of 
William Carpenter, 
who came over from 
England and settled 
in Rehoboth in 1640, 
and a few years later 
removed to Woo d- 
stock. Conn. Wil- 
liam's grandson, Eli- 
phalet, married and 
settled in Woodstock, 
and had children, one 
of \vhoin, Ebenezer, 
settled in Keene, and 
his son, Ebenezer, Avas 
the father of Charles. 
Ebenezer Carpenter, 
married Parmelia 
Ames, who was born in Sudbury, Mass. Ebenezer 
Carpenter died in Troy, Feb. 14, 1870; his wife died 

(^ Ak ri-..\ 1 i:i; 


April 27, 1872. On coming to Troy, Mr. Carpenter 
worked for Charles Coolidge in his pail shop until 
1849, when he Ijought a house and mill of Horatio 
La^vrence. Soon after this he enlarged the mill which 
was situated near the present Troy Blanket Mills and 
commenced the manufacture of rakes, which he carried 
on for a number of years and in which business he was 
successful. He died Nov. 2, 1865 ; his widow died Oct. 
1, 1889. 

I. Daughter, bom Jan. 16 and died Jan. 18, 1839. 

II. Mary Elizabeth, born Feb. 7, 1841; married, Feb. 7, istio, Wil- 

liam Galatin Hurlbutt. 

III. Maria Louisa, born Sept. a, 1843; died May 4, 1853. 

IV. Charles Wadswortii, Ijorn June 9, 1845; died Ma_v 9, 1850. 

V. Sarah Elvira, born May 2, 1850; married, Feb. 13, 1868, Lyman 

W. Platts; resides in South Gardner, Mass. 

VI. Susan Parmelia, born June 14, 1853; died Oct. 17, 1862. 

VII. Esther Maria, born .\pril 14, 1857; died Oct. 5, 1862. 

Daniel Goss Carter, son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Goss) 
Carter was born Sept. 6, 1814; married, 1st, Aug. 
26, 1844, Elizabeth Wright, died in February, 1854; 
married, 2d, Oct. 30, 1854, Hannah Lovina, widow of 
Jonathan Clark, and daughter of Luna and Hannah 
(White) Starkey; died vSept. 13, 1864. Mrs. Carter 
died Sept. 9, 1878. Children, l n, by 1st marriage, 
iiL VI, by 2d marriage. 

I. Mary Frances, born Ajn-ii 30, 1845. 

II. Margaret Florence, born Oct. 26, 1846; married, Oct. 24, 1864, 

Frederick H. Haskell. 

III. Daniel G., born June 9, 1855. 

IV. Nettie L., born July 24, 1858; died Oct. 9, 1863. 

V. Hattie M., 1)(n-n June 8, 1SC)0; married, July (5, 1881, Henry L. 

Barker, born in Charlestown, N. IL, July 23, 1851; resides in 
Newport, N. H. Children: 1. llnrry Lewis Barker, born in 
Charlestown, June 28, 1882; 2. T17///e Melvin Barker, l)orn in 
Claremont, Jan. 26, 1883; 3. Minnie Josephine Barker, born in 
Claremont,- March 12, 1885. 

VI. Minnie L., born Aug. 23, 1862. 

Abial Moore Caverly, son of Solomon and Sarah 
(Moore) Caverly, born in Canterbury, Nov. 28, 1817; 
married, 1st, March 25, 1845, Caroline, daughter of 
Thomas Ames of Canterburv. Mrs. Caverlv died Feb. 



2, 1851; and he married, 2d, Nov. 30, 1854, Sarah L., 
dano^hter of Solomon and Sarah (Nurse) Goddard. 
Died in Pittsford, Vt., 1S79, where his widow still resides. 

I. Charles Solomon, l)oni Sc])t. 30, 1X50. Is a ])liysician in Rutland, 


II. C.VROLiNK Ames, born Ma^- 29, 1.S5.S; married H. H. Swift, M. D. ; 

resides in Pittsford. 

Charles S. Caverly, son of Abial M., born Sept. 30, 
1856; married, November, 1885, Mabel A. Tuttle of 

Cn.\KLES S. C.VVERI.V, M. I). 

r^utland, Vt. After 1862, he spent his early life in 
Pittsford, Vt., to which place his father removed from 
Troy. He ol)tained his preliminary^ education at Bran- 
don, Vt., high school and at Kimball Union Academy, 
Meriden, N. H., graduating from the latter institution 
in 1874. He entered Dartmouth College, graduating in 
the class of '78. Commenced the studv of medicine 


under the instruction of his father, and after his death 
continuing his studies with Dr. M. Goldsmith of Rut- 
land, Vt. He attended lectures at the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Vermont, and was graduated 
M. D. in 1881 ; also attended lectures at the .College 
of Physicians and Surgeons in the city of New York, 
1881-82, iDCsides several courses under private instruc- 
tion in the same city. He commenced the practice of 
medicine at Rutland, Jan. 1, 1883, and has continued 
there to the present time. Dr. Caverly is a member 
and in 1891-92 was president of the Vermont Medical 
Society; member and in 1891-92 president of the Rut- 
land County Medical and Surgical Society ; member of 
the American Medical Association ; American Public 
Health Association, and of the Riitland Medical Club; 
member of and for the past six years president of the 
Vermont State Board of Health. Was the first health 
ofiicer of the village of Rutland, holding the office for 
three terms ; served al)Out three years as assistant 
surgeon of the First Vermont Regiment, National 
Guard, resigning in 1889. Is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and a member of the board of directors of 
the Rutland Hospital. He has made a special study 
of diseases of the throat, nose and lungs, and has 
]n-esented numerous ])apers to the medical societies of 
which he is a member, many of them being published 
in their transactions. 
I. Hakley T., born March, 1887. 

Charles N. Chase, son of David and Betsey, born Aug. 
23, 1832; married, Sept. 5, 1854, Augusta B., daugh- 
ter of Caleb and Polly (White) Sweetser of Fitz- 
william. For a few years after locating in Troy, he 
was employed in the service of Turner & Good all, and 
later worked in the pail shops. Resides in Winchcndon. 
Children born in Troy. 

I. Alanson EuGENi-;, l:)()rn Au.u. 10, 1H56; died April 18, 188-1. 

II. Arthur Hermon, Ijorii July 18, 1860. 

Thomas Clark came from Wrentham, Mass., in 1778 and 
settled on land which he bought of Thomas Tolman, 


and where he died in 1818. His children were prob- 
ably all born here. 

I. William ; went West. 

IL Martha, nitirried Wing^, and lived in the state of New York. 

in. Thomas, Ijorn Jan. 18, 1779. 

IV. Betsey; killed by lightning, August, 1795, aged 17 3'ears. 

V. Polly. 

VI. Sally, married Sargent and lived in Vermont. 

vii. Jonathan. 

Thomas Clark, Jr., son of Thomas, married, March 2, 
1802, Roena Phillips of Richmond, born Feb. 15, 178-4, 
and settled on the home farm formerly belonging to 
his son, Alvah S., where he died Oct. 14-, 1856. Mrs. 
Clark died June 7, 1857. 

I. Howard, Ijorn Jan. 14, 1803. 

II. Fuller, born Oct. 26, 1804. 

ML Louisa, born May 7, 1807; died Dee. 2, 1832. 

IV. Luke C, born Aug. 22, 1809. 

V. LoviNA, born Nov. 8, 1812; died Aug. 2, 1816. 

VI. Lyman T., born April 29, 1817; was burned to death Dec. 4, 1834. 

VII. William, born May 5. 1822; died April 2, 1823. 
vin. Alvaii S., born Aug. 29, 1824. 

Jonathan Clark, son of Thomas, born June 3, 1788; 
married Mary, daughter of James and Mary Brewer, 
and resided in Keene until near the close of 1824-, when 
he returned to Troy and purchased the farm upon 
which his father-in-law Brewer had lived, where he 
resided until his death, Aug. 20, 1850. 

I. Asa, born Sept. 4, 1814; married, 1837, Martha Howe of Fitzwil- 

liam ; resides in Oregon. 

II. Jonathan, born April 10, 1816; married, Oct. 22, 1840, Hannah 

Lovina, daughter of Luna and Hannah (White) Starkey ; died in 
South Orange, Mass., Oct. 14, 1852. Children: 1. Hninmh V., 
1>orn April 9, 1842; died Jan. 19, 1843; 2. Benjnmin F., born 
Jan. 21, 1844; married, Oct. 18, 1882, Susan A., born Jan. 25, 
1850, daughter of Daniel and Lucy May of Winchendon, Mass. 
One child, Grace E., born in Rindge, Nov. 21, 1883; 3. Martha 
A., born June 3, 1845; died April 9, 1846. 

III. Betsey, born Sept. 20, 1820; married Bailey Starkcw. 

IV. William, born June 8, 1825; married, 1851, Martha Bowles. 

v. Daniel W., bom Feb. 25, 1831 ; married Maria Whitney of vSwanzey. 
VI. Henry C, born March 8, 1838. 


Howard Clark, son of Thomas, Jr., born Jan. 14, 1803, 
married, Dec. 23, 1827, Dolly, born June 13, 1805, 
daughter of Jonathan and Delila (Rhodes) Bemis of 
Marlborough. They first located in Bethlehem, N. H., 
removed to Swanzey in March, 1830. and in 1841 
came to Troy, purchasing of Abner Haskell the farm, 
which he afterward sold to his son Howard T., and 
moved to the village. He died April 16, 1874; his 
widow died March 2, 1888. 

I. Jonathan B., born Au<^. 22, 1S28; married, March, 1855, Amanda 


II. Betsey L., born Sept. 19, 1830; married, 1st, Sept. 19, 1862, 

Appleton B. Hubbard; he died Sept. 29, 1862; and she married, 
2d, Feb. 2, 1868, Houghton Lawrence. 

III. Howard T., born Jan. 12, 1834; married, Oct. 20, 1855, Sarah E. 

Nott of Barnett, Vt. Divorced; married, 2d, March 7, 1884, 
Mary Ann, daughter of James and Jane (Wilson) Mitchell. 

IV. Harvey A., born Aug. 7, 1838; married, Feb. 4, 1862, Sophronia 

A., daughter of William and Caroline Perham; resides in Fitzwil- 
liam. Children: 1. William Perbani, born Aug. 24, 1866; 2. 
Ewilr D., born Aug. 13, 1871; died Aug. 26, 1871. 

V. Harriet A., born Aug. 7, 1838; married, July 11, 1876, Philij) 

Boyce, born Feb. 9, 1827. 

VI. Mary, born Dec. 25, 1841; married, Sept. 3, 1863, George F. Sar- 

gent of Rutland, Vt. ; resides in Iowa. Children: 1. Arthur H. 
Sargent ; 2. Grace E. Sargent. 

Fuller Clark, son of Thomas, born Oct. 26, 1804; 
married, February, 1830, Adaline, daughter of Asa and 
Eunice (Williams) Porter of Marlborough. 

I. Asa Lovell, born Aug. 2, 1831; died Dec. 27, 1854. 

II. Josephine L., born Dec. 25, 1834; unmarried. 

III. Charles L., born Feb. 9, 1839; married, 1st, Dec. 2, 1863, Mary 

E. Farnum; she died April 17, 1864; and he married, 2d, Ellen 
L. Whitney' of Westminster, Mass. 

IV. Alfred L., born May 9, 1845; married, June 8, 1882, Marietta I., 

daughter of Algernon Sidney and Harriet (Goddard) Butler; 
resides in Jafifrey. Children: 1. Josephine Ellen, born June 1, 
1884; 2. Estella Minctta, born Feb. 7, 1888; 3. Harold Clifford, 
born June 17, 1891. 

Luke C. Clark, son of Thomas, Jr., born Aug. 22, 1809; 
married, Feb. 21, 1839, Abigail vS., born July 20, 1814. 
daughter of David and Betsey (Damon) Lowe. 


I. Lymax T., born Oct. 22, 1S3'J; married, 1st, May 6, 1863, Mary 

L., born Dec. 25, 1838, daughter of Isaac and Betsey (Andrews) 
Briggs. He died Ang. 10, 1876; and his widow married, 2d, 
March 16, 1880, Orriu H. Peck. Children: 1. Ada Louisa, horn 
March 10, 186-4; married, Dec. 13, 1885, WilUam H. Briggs of 
Stoneham, Mass.; 2. George Hubert, born Feb. 14, 1867; married, 
Sept. 28, 1892, Jessie Morey; resides in Worcester, Mass.; 3. 
Annie Laura, born Dec. 18, 1870; married Artemus O. Peck; 4. 
Lyman P., born Sept. 25, 1872; died Sept. 10, 1873; 5. Bessie 
M. A., born June 1, 1874; 6. Adelaide Estella, born Ang. 26, 

II. George W., born Jan. 16, 1844; died Jan. 1, 1864. 

III. Francis L., born April 16, 1843; married, Jan. 22, 1871, Susan, 

born Jan. 22, 1844, daughter of Herman and Bathsheba (Cob- 
leigh) Fisher; resides in Fitzwilliam. Children: 1. Martin Lalie, 
born March 6, 1873; 2. Grace Alice, born Oct. 24, 1877. 

IV. Charles David, born Dec. 29, 1845; married, Oct. 6, 1869, Fannj' 

Rozell, born in Wendell, Mass., May 26, 1844, daughter of Amos 
and Fanny (Tenney) Baker; she died Juh' 22, 1893; resides in 
Fitzwilliam. Children: 1. Edward Charles, born July 20, 1872; 
2. Winford Samuel, Ijorn Nov. 25, 1876; 3. Lolie Rozell, born 
Oct. 9, 1879; 4. Floyd Elmore, born Nov. 26, 1886. 

V. Abbie E., born Aug. 8, 1851; married, Aug. 8, 1889, Charles R. 

Applin. Children: 1. Phieo Cass, born Aug. 3, 1891; 2. Archie 
Waldo, born Jan. 23, 1895. 

VI. Warren N., born May 7, 1858; married, July 14, 1883, Etta A., 

daughter of Orrin H. and Hattie (Chene}-) Peck. Children: 1. 
Chester Warren, Ijorn Ajiril 24, 1SS4; 2. Flora Augusta, born 
April 28, 1885; 3. Florence Abigail, Iwrn April 28, 1885; 4. 
Bertha Mabel, born March 15, 1887; 5. Ada Loretta, born July 
12, 1889. 

AlVxVH S. Clark is the sixth son of Thomas, and soon 
after his marriage settled on the John Farrar farm 
which was purchased of Oren Brooks, exchanging 
therefor the original farm in the southwestern part of 
the town. He has devoted his time principally to 
farming and lived upon this farm until 1883, when he 
moved to the village, purchasing the location and 
building the house where he now resides. Mr. Clark 
became a member of the Baptist church early in life 
and has been one of its most active and iiifluential 
members, having served the church as deacon for nearly 
thirty-eight years. He was selectman in 1873, 1874- 
and 1875, and also in 1897, and was collector of taxes 



for several years. He \vas a member of the Lesyisla- 
ture in 1897, serving upon the committee on roads, 
bridges and canals. He was born Ang. 29, 1824; 

Alvaii S. Cl.vkk. 

married, March 19, 1850, Serepta A., born in Fram- 
ingham, Mass., Jan. 4, 1829, daughter of Oren and 
Julia Ann (Wright) Brooks. 

I. Louisa J., born April 23, 1851; died April 22, 1860. 

II. Harriet M., born May 15, 1852; died Aug. 17, 1876. 

III. Son, born May 29, 1853; died May 30, 1853. 

IV. Daughter, born May 29, 1853; died June 30, 1853. 

V. Mary E., bom June 26, 1855; died July 27, 1876. 

VI. Clara A., born vSept. 16, 1856; died July 23, 1876. 

VII. Sarah E., born Sept. 17, 1859; died Aug. 30, 1886. 


VIII. Ida M.. born June 18, 1861; died July 25, 1876. 

IX. OiavE J., born Nov. 28, 1862; died Ang. 4, 1876. 

X. Henrv, born April 14, 1864; died May 11, 1864. 

XI. William T., born Dec. 11, 1865; died Aug. 12, 1876. 

XII. Martha A., born Oct. 11, 1867; died July 29, 1876. 

Earle Clark was born in Roxbury, N. H., Nov. 12, 1814; 
married, June 25, 1854, Eliza W., born in Oakham, 
Mass., Nov. 14, 1817, daughter of Ehiathan and Eliza 
(Wheeler) Gorham. He settled in Troy soon after his 
marriage, where he died Dec. 26, 1882. 

I. Jennie Gorham, born Oct. 16, 1856; mnrried Henr^^ M. Whittemore. 

John Clement, born Aug. 7, 1821; married. May 1, 
1844, Mary Woodbury, born Aug. 13, 1826, daughter 
of John t'lnd Betsey (Crosby) Cutter of Jaffrey, -and 
resided in Campton two years, in Charlestown, Mass., 
one year, returning to Campton in 1847, from which 
place he came here. He was a grandson of John Clement, 
who w^as born in 1775, married and settled in Center 
Harbor, and had seven children. William, the third 
son, married Sally Beetle of that town and had three 
children, George, John and Sally Ann. He was a black- 
smith by trade and became a citizen of Troy in 1850, 
w^orking at his trade until 1858, when he leased the 
tavern in the village, now kno\vn as the Monadnock 
Hotel, which he kept for some fifteen years or more, 
during the later years making extensive repairs and 
improvements upon the same, but failing health and 
financial embarrassments compelled him to retire from 
the same soon after. Mr. Clement was one of the 
charter members of Monadnock Lodge, F. &. A. M., 
and v^as its first worshipful master, which position he 
held for four years, and was one of its most active, 
influential and prominent members. Mrs. Clement died 
in Keene, Dec. 26, 1882 ; he died in Troy, June 8, 

I. Lucms Howe, born March 14, 1845; died at Goldsborough, N. C, 

July 5, 1865; a soldier in the Union arm}-. 

II. Anna M., adopted daughter; married, Nov. 15, 1876, Frank Dame; 

died 18 . 


Leonard Cobb, born July 21, 1800; married, May 22, 
1823, Nancy Osborne, y^ho yyas born Noy. 12, 1798. 
They located on the farm which had long been owned 
by Talmon Knights. Mr. Cobb resided there until his 
death, April 18, 1856. Mrs. Cobb died March 15, 

I. Farwell 0., born March 10, 1824; married, March 14, 1850, 

Louisa M., daughter of FrankHn and Louisa (Dyer) Woodward. 
Mr. Cobb died March 26, 1890. Children: 1. Henry C, born 
Jan. 2, 1851; 2. Charles Frederick, born Nov. 9, 1852; 3. George 
Wallace, born Nov. 10, 1854; married, Nov. 28, 1892, Mary J. 
Keeler; resides in St. Louis, Mo.; 4. Frank Eugene; 5. Emma 
Jane, born Feb. 22, 1863; married, Nov. 26, 1893, Ezekiel Porter; 
resides in West Parish, Me.; 6. Lizzie Maria, born April 16, 
1865; married, July 1, 1892, William J. Hammond; resides in 
Portland, Me.; 7. Wilder D., Ijorn May 11, 1867; 8. Walter 
Lester, born April 9. 1869; 9. Mary Ahhie, born Aug. 31, 1872; 
tnarried, July 12, 1893, Guy Haven; resides in Chicago, Ills. 

II. SviUL, born May 23, 1826; married, 1st, Harvey Lawrence; married, 

2d, Jan. 1, 1849, Theodore J. Dyer; married, 3d. Bryant. Is 

a widow and resides in Fitchburg. 
in. Albert, born Aug. 11, 1829. 

IV. Alvin, born Aug. 11, 1829. 

V. Leonard Davis, born May 14, 1832; married, Oct. 11, 1853, Mary 

Ann Chase; resides in Chesterfield. 

CooLiDGE. The ancestor of the Coolidge family in this 
country was John Coolidge, who was one of the earliest 
proprietors of Watertown, Mass., in 1636-37. His eldest 
son, John, who was probably born in England, married, 
Noy. 14, 1665, Hannah Livermore. His third son, John, 
born Feb. 19, 1662, settled in SherlDurne. He was a 
carpenter by trade, and was a soldier in King Philip's 
war. Isaac, eldest son of John last named, born April 21, 
1685; married, April 26, 1710, Hannah, daughter of Capt. 
Joseph Morse of Sherburne. Joseph, son of Isaac, born 
April 22, 1726; married, Jan. 26, 1746, Elizabeth Frost. 
They had twelye children, among whom were Abraham 
and Hezekiah, who settled in this region. 
Abraham Coolidge, son of Joseph, was born in Sherburne, 


Jan. 1, 1764; he died July 26, 1843. His wife, whose 
name is unknown, died Oct. 8, 1836. 

I. Barak, born Dec. 30. 1789; married Naiic\- Harris; died March. 


II. AsiiER, born Aug. 8. 1791; married Olive Starkey; died Xov. 15, 


III. Dorcas, born May 24, 1794; married Charles Farrar; removed to 

the West, where she died MaA' 29, 1855. 

IV. Orlando, born Jan. 14, 1796; married. 1st, C. Rockwood ; she died 

and he married. 2d, Mrs. Loiiisa (Woodward) Eaton; removed to 
v. Osc.\R, born JidA- 22, 1798; married Lovina Rockwood; removed 
to Chesterheld. 

VI. Cosby, born June 11, 1800; married Moses S. Perkins; remcncd to 


VII. Charles, born March 28. 1804. 

Hezekiah Coolidge, brother of Abraham, was born in 

Sherburne, Feb. 13, 1766. His wife was Esther . 

He died in the fall of 1805, and his widow married 
Jonathan Frost of Marlliorongh. 

I. Harriet, born Jan. 6. 1792; married .\sa Frost ot" Marlborontih ; 

died April 12, 1863. 

II. Elliot, born Dec. 8, 1794; married, Jan. 22, 181,S, Xancy Gates; 

removed to Canada. 

III. Harlow, born Oct. 21, 1798; died young. 

AsHER Coolidge, son of Abraham, born Aug. 8, 1791; 
married, April 7, 1822, Olive, daughter of William 
Starkey and resided about one year with his father-in- 
law. After changing his residence several times he died 
in the Ward house, Nov. 15, 1837. Airs. Coolidge died 
at Keene, September, 1848. 

I. William, born November, 1824; died May 11, 1826. 

II. Elbridge, born May 15. 1826; married, 1st, MaA- 25, 1854, Sarah 

M., daughter of Levi and Mary (Blodgett) Whittemore; she 
died Feb. 7, 1859; and he married, 2(1. July 7, 1860, Caroline M. 
Whittemore, sister of his first wife; she died June 8. 1888; 
married. 3d, April 8, 1891, Mrs. .\nna L. Brown. One child, 
EJIa M., born April 8, 1857; died Oct. 12. 1876. 

III. Olive Ann, born 1828; died 1841. 

IV. WiLLi.\M E., born June 17, 1830. 

V. George, born Feb. 6, 1833. 

VI. Sar.\h, born January. 1835; married, October, 1855. George W. 

Billings; died in 1858. 



Charles Coolidge, son of Abraham, born March 28, 
1804; married, Dec. 22, 1833, Sarah Carpenter, born 
May 17, 1806. Mr. CooHdge died June 13, 1881; 
Mrs. Coolidge died April 7, 1891. 

Charles Coolidge. 

I. S.\R.\H P., bom Nov. 2, 1.S42; died Sept. 5, 184.5. 

II. Charles K., born July 28, 184-(3; married, Nov. 18, I87v^), Jiiletta 

A. R. Stone, born April 25, 1851. Childra!i : 1. Sadie J. , born 
vSept. 9, 1856; died March 1, 1889; 2. Charles F., born Auj^. 5, 
1877; 3. Henry E., born March 30, 1883; 4. Annie M., born 
Dec. 23, 1887; died Jan. 22, 1889; 5. Bertha S., born May 7, 
1890; 6. Bessie A., born May 9, 1891; died Aii.l;. 17, 1S91. 

John H. Coxgdon was born in Wallingford, Vt., July 1, 
1837. He became a resident of Troy in February, 


1883, when he came here from Lowell, Mass., and 
purchased of William Morse the farm upon which he 
now resides. Married, 1st, Nov. 21, 1861, Mrs. Jane 
Peck, daughter of David and Lydia Stevens of Cam- 
bridge, N. Y., born March 22, 1826; died April 20, 
1896. He married, 2d, July 1, 1897, Mrs. Lydia 
Marshall. One adopted child, Charles H., born Ma^' 
16, 1883. 
George H. Congdon w^as born in Sutton, Mass., Dec. 18, 
1854; married, Sept. 27, 1877, Margaret Mahon, born 
in Wallingford, Vt., April 18, 1858. 

I. Stephp:n Andrew, born Dec. 16, 1879. 

II. Robert Harvey, bom Nov. 17, 1887. 

Webster Corey was born in Dublin, Aug. 28, 1827; 
married, 1st, Feb. 22, 1855, Amanda C, daughter of 
Beriah Oakes ; she died Feb. 22, 1856. Mr. Corey 
married, 2d, Dec. 30, 1859, Mary Abbie, sister of his 
first wife. Mr. Corey came from Marlborough, in 
1866, and located on the farm he now occupies on 
West Hill. He carried on the business of manufac- 
turing pail handles on the Chancy' N. Garfield farm for 
many 3'ears. 

I. Amanda M., born Dec. 19, 1855; married Hadley; resides in 


II. Charles W., born Feb. 12, 1862; married, Sept. 20, 1886, Eva M.. 

danghter of Joseph and Harriet (Fuller) Lawrence; resides in 

III. Jennie M., born Jan. 29, 1864. 

IV. Gertrude N., born Dec. 30, 1869; married Henry E. Brown. 

V. Belle, born Aug. 10, 1871. 

Crosby. The origin of the New England portion of the 
Crosby family has been traced to Simon de Crosby, of 
Lancashire, England, 1220. Simon the emigrant, at the 
age of 26, with. his wife Ann, and son Thomas, came to 
this country and settled in Cambridge in 1635. He died 
in 1639, and his widow married Rev. William Thompson 
of Braintree, Mass. They had three sons, Thomas, Simon 
and Joseph. 

Siiuon, born in 1637; settled in Billerica, Mass. ; became 


freeman in 1668; representative in 1692-7-8; married in 
1659, Rachel Brackett, and had a family of nine children. 
Josiah, son of Simon Crosby, born in Billerica in 1677; 
married Mary Manning and had eleven children. Josiah, 
his eldest son, born 1730; married Sarah Fitch of Bed- 
ford; settled in Milford, N. H., and had ten children. Two 
of his sons, Joseph and Alphens settled in Jaffrey. Alpheus 
was born Nov. 16, 1762, at Milford, and came to Jafifre^^ 
in 1786, and was v^rarned from the town the same year. 
He married, 1st, Elizabeth Gilmore, Nov. 18, 1788, and 
carried on the business of farming and teaming to Boston 
and other places. His wife died Oct. 26, 1839, aged 70; 
he died Oct. 4, 184-5, aged 83; he married, 2d, Mary Fos- 
ter of Amherst, who survived him, and after his decease 
returned to her native town. He had ten children by his 
first wife; Betsc}', Esther, Mary, Nancy Ann, Sarah, 
Alpheus, Asa, Franklin, Porter and Josiah. 
Alpheus Crosby, son of Alpheus, born in Jaffrey, April 
13, 1798 ; married Mary, daughter of Jonathan and 
Sibyl (Jackson) Fox, and located in Troy in 1821, 
pursuing his trade of blacksmith. He resided a short 
time in a house owned b^^ E. P. Kimball and worked 
in a shop formerly occupied by Nathan Wheeler. 
Afterwards he lived in a tenement under the Congre- 
gational church, but in 1837 he built the stone house 
owned by Mrs. S. E. Harris, and resided in this until 
just before he removed to Illinois in 1854. His wife 
died Oct. 19, 1868; he died Dec. 16, 1873. 

I. Infant, born in Jaffrcv; died. 

II. Mary Louisa, born in Jaffrey ; died young. 

III. Joseph Fox, born in Troy, Dec. 25, 1827; married Priscilla Bab- 

cock of Rockford, 1S50, and died there. 

IV. George Fox, born Dec. 28, 1829; married May Wood of New 

Milford, 111.; was killed 1)y a kick of a horse, Nov. IG, LS74. 
Children: 1. Charles Arthur; 2. Laura May; 3. Hattic. 

V. Mary E., born Fel). 11, 1832; married John G. Pendleton, broker, 

Oct. 20, 1856; resides in Rockford. Children: 1. Helen Maria; 
2. Fannie Hunter; 3. Kate Crnshv. 



VI. Emma C, born Jan. 7, lS-42; married Charles Cotton, jeweler, Aug. 

14, 1862; he died September, 1872. Children: 1. Roger Gil- 
more; 2. Mary Elizabeth ; 3. William Boyclen ; 4. Helen Louisa. 

VII. Frederick L., born June 28, 1846; married Elizabeth Larime, Feb. 

20, 1868. Children: 1. Mary Elizabeth; 2. Clara Maria; 3. 
Ann Hunter. 

VIII. Abbie Crocker, born Ma}' 28, 1848 ; married Norman Robinson of 

Rockford, hardware dealer. One child, Robbie, died in 1872. 

Joseph CumminGvS, son of Daniel, married, 1819, Hepzibah 
Robbins, born in Nelson, Jan. 17, 1799; died in Troy, 
Aug. 12, 1880. He settled first in Roxbury, removed 
to Marlborottgh in 1821, and later came to Troy, and 
resided on the place now owned by Mrs. George N. 
Parmenter. He was a blacksmith by trade ; he died 
March 17, 1887. 

I. As.\ R., born in Roxlmrv, Aug. 12, 1811); died in Providence, R. I., 

Nov. 13, 1844. 
u. Caroline E., born in Alarlborough, June 12, 1821; married Eli 

Dort; died Oct. 18, 1884. 

Cutting. The ancestor of the Cutting famih' in this 
region, was Richard Cutting, who, at the age of eleven 
years, with his brother William, embarked on the ship 
"Elizabeth" at Ipswich, England, for America, April, 
1634. Richard was a wheelwright, and settled in Water- 
town, Mass., where he was admitted freeman, April 18, 
1690. He died in Watertown, March 21, 1695-96. His 
son James, born Jan. 26, 1647-48; married, June 16, 
1679, Hannah Cutler. Jonathan, the fourth son of James, 
was born Jan. 12, 1687-88; married, Jan. 5, 1709-10, 
Sarah Flagg; died May 29, 1754. Moses, son of Jona- 
than and Sarah Flagg Cutting, born Feb. 14, 1711-12; 
married, May 25, 1736, Mary Stratton, and settled in 
Framingham. They had eight children, among Avhom 
were Daniel, Joseph and Moses, who settled here. 

Daniel Cutting, son of Moses and Mary (Stratton) 
Cutting, baptized 1749; married, 1st, 1771, Submit 
Ball. He came from Framingham in 1773, and located 
on the Timothv Fife farm. About six vears later, he 


purchased of Jonah Harrington, the Lemuel Brown 
place in the north part of the town, where he rCvSidcd 
some sixteen years, but the family circle being broken 
up by the death of his wife, he returned to Framing- 
ham in 1795, wdiere he married, 2d, Mrs. Martha 
Brown. He died in 1812, aged 63. 

I. Sarah, born Aug. 15, 1772; married A1)iier Smith of I)ti1)liii; died 

Sept. 11, 1830. 

II. Daniel, liorn Jan. 17, 1775. 

III. Joseph, born March 15, 1777; removed to Framinghrim. 

IV. Rebecca, born Jnnc 5, 177',>; married KexdK'ii (loidd; settled in 


V. Levi, born March 2, 1782; removed to Framingham. 

VI. Lois, born April 25, 1785. 

VII. Azuba, born Sept. 22, 1787. 

VIII. Submit, born March 5, 1792. 

Joseph Cutting, brother of Daniel, baptized in Frjiming- 
ham, Feb. 3, 1754- ; came here in 1775; w^as never 
married; died in Troy in 1823. 

Moses Cutting, another brother of Daniel, came here at 
an earU' date. He married, 1770, Mary Whitcomb, 
who died Jime 17, 1808; he died Dec. 3, 1834. 

I. Lccv, born Jtdy 4, 1772; married Bailev ; lived in Westmore- 


II. Dorothy, born Aug. 26, 1774; married, 1798, Jonathan Lawrence, 

son of Jonathan and Lucy (Moore) Lawrence. 

III. Moses, born Sept. 11, 1777; died Nov. 21, 1807. 

IV. Deliverance, born Sept. 28, 1780; married Piper; died in 

v. Lydia, born Feb. 23, 1784; married, Nov. 17, 1808, Samuel Farrar, 
born April 15, 1785, son of Daniel and Lucy (Bruce) Farrar of 
Marlborough. Settled in Vermont. 

VI. Mary, born Juh' 31, 1787; married, Jan. 1, 1810, Artemas Bolster; 

removed to state of New York about 1812. They had one infant 
child, died March 22, 1811. 

VII. Aaron, born April 9, 1790; married, FanuA' Harvey. 

VIII. Anna, born Dec. 23, 1792; married Rufus Randall; removed to 

New York. 

IX. Asa, born Jan. 28, 1796. 

Joseph Cutting, son of Daniel, born March 15, 1777; 
married, Dec. 1, 1795, Anna Ball of Bolton. He left 
towni about 1820, going to West Boylston, Mass., 
where he was superintendent of a large factory farm. 


Died in Pelham, Mass., Jan. 81, 1S4-9. Mrs. Cutting 
died in Framingham, Mass., Sept. 21, 1852. 

I. Silas, born Dec. 18, 1796. 

II. Joseph, born Oct. 30, 1798. 

III. Stephen, born Nov. 23, 1800. 

IV. LuciND.\, born April 2, 1803. 

V. Oilman, born April 22, 1805. 

VI. Anna, born Aug. 6, 1807. 

VII. LuTHERA, born Feb. 5, 1810. 

VIII. Submit, born June 27, 1812. 

IX. Elial, ))orn Jan. 25, 1815; died in Pelham, Mass., in 1885. 

Daniel Cutting, Jr., son of Daniel, bom Jan. 7, 1775; 
married, Feb. 22, 1807, Sarah L., daughter of Jona- 
than Lawrence, born Jime -l, 1787; died April 30, 
1847, and settled on the place now owned liy John 
Lang. He died Nov. 15, 1855. He was prominent in 
the affairs of the town, and was a member of the 
Legislature eight terms between 1828 and 1837. 

I. Permelia, born April 17, 1807; married, June 16, 1829, Abner 

Stanley; died Dec. 30, 1870. 

II. Caroline, born Dec. 5, 1808; married, Nov. 22, 1825, Samuel 

Geary; died March 12, 1866. 

III. Adaline, born Sept. 10, 1810; married, Se]it. 19, 1833, Chester 

Lyman; died Dec. 7, 1876. 

IV. Albert, born Aug. 30, 1812; died Oct. 30, 1838. 

V. Sarah, born June 12, 1814; died Sept. 29, 1815. 

VI. Daniel Wise, 1)orn March 7, 1816. 

VII. Sarah A., born Pel). 19, 1818; married. May 27, 1838, Charles C. 

Coolidge; died Feb. 17, 1895. 
viii. Clarissa, born Feb. 28, 1820; married, April 21, 1840, Calvin H. 
Wetherbee ; died June 6, 1884. 

IX. Arigail, born Jan. 4, 1822; married, Feb. 7, 1850, James R. Stan- 

ley; died Sept. 5, 1873. 

X. Arvilla, born Nov. 25, 1823; married, Oct. 10, 1848, Jacob W. 

Gates; died April 25, 1885. 

Daniel Wise Cutting, son of Daniel, Jr., born March 7, 
1816; married, 1st, Feb. 11, 1840, Adaline A. Gates, 
born April 30, 1818; died Dec. 11, 1854; married, 2d, 
Aug. 30, 1858, Asenath P. Barrett, born Feb. 18, 
1832. Mr. Cutting resided in Cambridge, Vt., where 
he died Nov. 2, 1895. 

I. Augusta, P., born June 26, 1843; died Nov. 20, 1852. 

II. Albert J., born March 27, 1845; died Dec. 26, 1890. 


Levi Daggett was a descendant of John Dai^.c^ett, who 
settled in Attleborongh, about the year 1666, and 
was one of the proprietors of the' township. Joseph 
Daggett, son of John, built the first corn mill in Attle- 
borough, but at what time is not known. Ebenezer 
Daggett was the third generation, and had two sons, 
Naphtali, who was president of Yale College from 1766 
to 1777, and John, who, says the historian of Attle- 
borough, "was one of the principal public characters 
and leading men of the town, especially during the 
trying period of the Revolution. He and Col. May 
were the two, on Avhom the town placed the most 
reliance. He was possessed of a strong and sound 
mind, and was marked by a resolute and decided char- 
acter." Joab Daggett, son of John, was possessed of 
considerable property, and he obtained possession of 
the Daniel Cutting farm, by virtue of a mortgage from 
one Robbins. He died March 17, 1816, and his son 
Levi bought out the other heirs and took up his resi- 
dence in Troy about this time. He married, April 15, 
1818, Abigail, daughter of Joseph and F^arna (Temple) 
Butler and resided in the house he purchased until 
1823, when he sold the farm to Abel Brown. In 
1825 he returned to Attleborongh, where he resided 
until 1846, then moved to Jaffrey. In 1854 he returned 
to Troy, and resided in Mrs. Hayden's house one year, 
and a like period in the Newell house, but in 1856 he 
bought the Starkey farm of Asa Butler, and in 1858 
he sold this and moved to Rindge. 

I. AniGAiL, bom Fel). 11, 1819; married, May 17. 1847, B. J. Tenney. 

u. Levi, born July ?5, 1820; married, Nov. 17, 184.7, ; died 

April 18, 1857. 

in. Joab, born Aug. 7, 1822; married, A])ril 24-, lS-t4. 

IV. Emeline, born Sept. 3, 1824. 

V. Cordelia, born May 15, 1830. 

VI. Caroline, born Nov. 2, 1832. 

George Damon, son of George, of Fitzwilliam, was born 
Sept. 6, 1821; married, Sept. <>, 1852, Lucy, born Dec. 
24, 1831, daughter of Elijah and Dorothy (Crombie) 
Bowker. Capt. Elijah Bowker was the son of Bartlett 


Bowker, and was born in Fitzwilliani, Jan. 8, 1803. 
He married Dorothy Crombie, Nov. 18, 1830. Mr. 
Damon located in the southern part of Troy, about 
1852, and for a larger part of the time had the prin- 
cipal charge of a gristmill which was located near his resi- 
dence. He removed to Keene about 1880, where he died 
June 2, 1890. Children born, i in Fitzwilliam,ii,iii in Troy. 

I. Marcia Cleaves, born Jan. 22, 1854 ; married Albert D. Marshall. 

II. Marcus Victor, born June 19, 1859; married, Sept. 19, 1879, Ella 

L., born Sept. 19, 1860, daughter of Frank D. and Helen Knapp 
of Keene. Children: 1. George Franklin, born May 6, 1880; 2. 
Maud Irene, bom Jan. 10, 1883; 3. Milo A/arcns, born Aug. 5, 1896. 

III. Minnie Madrith, born Feb. 14, 1867; married William J. Wright. 

John Devine was born in Ireland; married about 1856, 
Margaret Enright, who was l)orn about 1837-38. He 
has resided in Troy about thirty years. 

I. William, born Nov. 24, 1858. 

II. Mary Josephine, born Aug. 20, 1861. 

III. Michael; died ^-oung. 

IV. John; died 3'oung. 

V. Maurice, born Feb. 26, 1869. 

VI. Maggie, born Oct. 11, 1870; died March 5, 1882. 

VII. Lizzie A., born June 11, 1875. 

Lorenzo Dexter, son of Esick and Sophia Whitney Dex- 
ter of Royalston, Mass., was born in Boston, May 25, 
1829; married, Feb. 16, 1854, Sarah H., daughter of 
Enoch and Luc\^ (Hodgkins) Garfield; died Sept. 21, 
1892. After his marriage he located on the farm 
which had long been occupied by his father-in-law, and 
about four years later he removed to the George 
Farrar farm, now owned by H. W. Eastman, and some 
years later came to the place now owned by his wndow. 

i. Lucy Frances, born MaA' 3, 1855; married, George H. Alexander, 
n. LvDiA Almedia, born Juh' 1, 1857; married, Jan. 1, 1880, William 
F. Whitcomb of Keene. 

III. Lizzie Sophia, born July 11, 1860; died Feb. 15, 1861. 

IV. Amos Oscar, born Dec. 19, 1861; married, Dec. 13, 1892, Matrie 

A., daughter of John and Elvira (Glines) Leavitt; died Nov. 30, 
1894. His wife died March 28, 1893. 

V. Loney Alzina, born June 14, 1864. 

VI. Arthur Edward, born Aug. 16, 1865. 

Eli Dort was born in Surry, June 25, 1816; married, 
Nov. 19, 1840, Caroline E., daughter of Joscjah and 
Hepzibah (Robbins) Cummings ; settled in Marlborough 




where he follo^ved the occu])ation of house-painting 
and graining" until 1865, when he removed to Keene 
where he still resides. Mrs. Dort died Oct. 18, 1884. 
Asa C, born July 10, 1S4-3. 
Eliza Almika, born March 30, 1847; married, Jan. S, 1867, Horace 

N. Irish of Colchester, Vt. 
George Oilman, born Aug. 27, 1850; married. May 81, 1877, 

Mar\^ A. Wilson of New Bedford, Mass. Is a druggist and resides 

in Providence, R. I. 
Eva Julia, born Aug. 16. 1852 ; married, July 23, 1876, T. Jewett Locke. 
Mary Elizabeth, l)orn Jan. 27, 1859; married iMank H. Wright. 

Asa C. Dort. 

Asa C. Dort, son of Eli, born July 10, 1843; married, 
Dec. 27, 1865, Ellen A., daughter of Edwin and Lucy 



(Wetherbee) Buttrick. Soon after his marriage he 
entered into business with his father-in-law, and con- 
tinues the business under the name of E. Buttrick & 
Co. Mr. Dort has been treasurer of the town for 
twenty-three years and has also been an active mem- 
ber of the fire department for several 3'ears. He has 
been a member of the Legislature and held other town 

Edwin B. Dort. 

Edwin B., born Dec. 29, 1866; married, Oct. 10, 1894, Charlotte 
F., daughter of George F. and Mary L. (Matthews) Wyman 
of Keene; died Ma\- 2, 1897. One child, Katherine May, born 
Oct. 29, 1895. 



II. Katie B., l)()rn May 31, 1868; died April 13, 1872. 

III. Makv S., l)orii April 1, 1872; married, Oct. 19, 1893, Enoene C. 

Mvrick; resides in Providence, R. I. 

Residence of Asa C. Dort. 

Akthi'r J. Edwards, son of James and Maria (F'isher) 
Edwards; born Jan. 21, 1858; married, March 31, 
1887, Emma M., daughter of John D. and A])igail 
(Wright) Hale of Swanzey, liorn April 21, 1865. 

I. Ethel Maria, bom Nov. 2, 1887. 

II. Charles, born Nov. 5, 1889; died Nov. 12, 1891. 

III. Artiitr James, born Ajjril 30, 1892. 

IV. Billy Albert, born Dec. 26, 1894-. 

V. Daughter, born July 13, 1897. 

LiNWOOD B. Emery, son of Samuel D. Emery, was born in 
Turners Falls, Mass., Sept. 23, 1867; married, Feb. 
14-, 1891, Alice M., daughter of Eleazer W. and Mary 
M. (Gilmore) Heath of Jafifrey, born Feb. 8, 1869. 

I. Harold LEvSLIE, born March 10, 1892. 

Thomas Enright, son of Dennis, born 1860; married, 
Aug. 12, 1885, Kate V. Stanton of Athol Mass., born 
May 15, 1866. He died Aug. 28, 1894-. 

I. Eva, born Aug. 7, 1886. 

n. Thomas James, born Aug. 21, 1888; died Aug. 4, 1889. ^ 

III. Nellie Gertrude, born May 12, 1890. 

IV. Lizzie Belle, born Jan. 12, 1892. 

v. Edward Michael, Ijorn Jan. 24, 1893; died July 31, 1893. 

VI. Marion Frances, born Feb. 6, 1894. 



AIiCHAEL Enright, SOU of Alicliacl, born in Ireland, 185G; 
married, June 25, 1889, Alary V. Deschene, liorn in 
Canada, Nov. 10, 1868. 

I. Mary Elizabeth, born Aug. 25, 1890. 

II. Maggie Agnes, born March 31, 1892. 

III. John Martin, born Sept. 24, 1894. 

IV. Charlotte Ellen, bom March 1, 1896. 

V. Cecelia Lena, l3orn March 1, 1896. 

Cyrus Fairbanks, born in Harvard, Mass., Nov. 17, 1786; 
married, July 3, 1817, Betsey Jackson of Westminster, 

Cyrus Fairbanks. 

Mass. Soon after his birth his parents removed to 
Ashburnham, and here he spent a hir^e part of his 
minority. In his early life he had the misfortune to 
lose the use of his lower limbs, in consecpience of which 


he learned the shoemakers' trade, and came to Troy in 

1816, working one year with Preston Bishop, who 
had, a Httle more than a year previous bought of 
Samuel Garey a carpenter's shop which stood near 
where the house now owned by E. P. Kimball stands 
on the corner. In the fall of 1815, the shop was 
burnt, and Bishop being verx^ much esteemed, his neigh- 
bors, out of sympathy, assisted hiin in building another 
house, the present house which has been modified 
and improved. Mr. F'^iirbanks bought the location in 

1817, and resided there until his death, which occiu'red 
Nov. 23, 1861; his wife died April 29, 1868. 

Ivi.iZA, l)orn March 22, iSlS; married Ransom Installs; died Auj^-. 
15, 1857. 

SiL,\s H., l)orn Dec. 7, 1818; married Catherine Akh-icli ; died at 
jaffrey, Oct. 24, 1858. One chikl. Arthur. 

M.\RY Ann, 1)orn Dec. 3, 1822; married E. P. KimlialL 

(George, born Oct. 22, 1825; married, 1st, Jan. 1, 1846, Al)l)y 
Wrij^ht, who died Aug. 27, 1848; married, 2d, October, 1849, 
Nancy Watkins of Walpole, who died Juh' 27, 1858 ; married, 3d, 

. Children, i by 1st wife, ii by 2d wnfe, iii, iv by 3d wife. 1. 

Charles Henry, l)orn March, 1847; died Nov. 29, 1848; 2. 
Charles Henry, 2d, l)orn May 17, 1851; 3. Delos ; 4-. Sarah Jane. 

Charles, born March 15, 1827; died June 18, 1843. 

Walter A., born Jan. 5, 1830; married, Aug. 4, 1864, Mary Jane, 
daughter of Brown and Mar}^ (Wheeler) Nurse; resides in F'itch- 
l3urg, Mass. Mrs. Fairbanks died Oct. 25, 1896. Mr. Fairbanks 
was for a time clerk in the store of Dexter Whittemore at Fitz- 
william. In the fall of 1863, he became a resident of Fitchburg, 
and for about eleven 3'ears, or until 1874, he was interested with 
L. J. Brown in the dry goods business, but at the latter date re- 
tired from active business, but has been connected with various 
enterprises. At the present time he is a trustee in the Worcester 
North Savings Institution; vice president and director in the 
Wachusett National Bank ; director in Orswell yarn mills, Nockege 
jjrint mills, and Lancaster mills of Lancaster, Mass. ; is a director 
in the Fitchburg Park .\ssociation and trustee in the Fitchburg 
Real Estate AssociatiotL Was also a director of the Wachusett 
Electric Light jilant, and president of the same when it was sold 
to another comi)any. 

Sarah W., born May 8, 1832; married, June 28, 1865, Danid 11. 
Sawyer of Keene; died Oct. 26, 1895. One child, Walter Fairbanks 
Sawyer, born Feb. 5, 1868. Is a jih^'sician in Fitchl)in-g. 

C.\KOLiNE .\., born Jan. (5, 183(); married Daniel Farrar. 


Farrar. Jacol) Farrar and his brother Jonathan were 
amono^ the original proprietors of Lancaster, Mass., and 
were there as early as 1653. and tradition says they came 
from Lancashire, England, and Jacoli was proj^ably 
between thirty and thirty-hve 3'ears of age Avhen he came 
to this country. His wife and children remained in Eng- 
land until 1658, when he had a residence prepared for 
them to live in. During King Philip's War he had two 
sons killed. He died in Woburn, Alass., Aug. 14, 1677. 
His eldest son, Jacob, was born in England, probably 
about 1642 ; married Hannah, daughter of George Hay- 
ward, in 1668. He was killed by Indians, Aug. 22, 1675. 
His second son, George, born Aug. 16, 1670 ; luarried 
Mary Howe, Sept. 9, 1692, and settled in that part of 
Concord, Mass., now Lincoln. He is said to have been a 
man of great energy and thrift. His second son, Daniel, 
bom Nov. 30, 1696; married Hannah Fletcher, and settled 
in Sudbury, Mass., where he died about 1755. His eldest 
son, Josiah, bom September, 1722; married, 1745, Hannah, 
daughter of John Taylor of Xorthborough, Alass., a man 
of considerable note and a Tory of the Revolution, whose 
name was borne by a former governor of New Hampshire, 
John Ta3dor Gilman. He died in Marlborough, Nov. 24, 
1808; his widow died there Feb. 10, 1810. Daniel, a 

brother of Josiah, born 1724; married, 1748, Mar\' , 

and resides in Lincoln, ]Mass. 

Phixeas F.\rr.\r, son of Josiah and Hannah (Taylor) 
Farrar, born in Sudbury, Aug. 20, 1747; married 
Lovina Warren of Marlborough, Mass. He caine to 
this region in 1768, purchasing several lots of land. 
He died April 1, 1841; his widow died Feb. 17, 1845. 

I. Phine.xs, l)orn Nov. 12, 1771: married. May, 1794, Abigail, daugh- 

ter of Eliphalet and Lydia (Goddard) Stone. He went to Michigan, 
where he died Sept. 24, 1855. 

II. John, born Aug. 24. 177.^; married Cynthia Stone. 


III. Betsey, born Jan. IS, 1776; married Elijah Frost of Marlliorotioh ; 

she died 1830. 

IV. Calvin, born Jan. 11, 177S; married Bathshe1)a B. Bates of Brim- 

field, and resided in Waterford, Me., where he died Feb. 19, 1819. 
His eldest daughter, Caroline E., married Levi Brown of the same 
town, and who was the mother of Charles Farrar Brown, whose 
nom f/e phiine was Artemns Ward. 

V. Luther, twin to Calvin, Ijorn Jan. 11, 1778; married ALiry Whit- 

ing of New Ipswich; was a lawyer and settled in Norway, Me., 
where he died April 28, 1812. 

VI. J()Si.\H, born April, 1780; married Betsey Prince of Wtiterford, Me., 

where he lived and died, 
vii. BiLD.\i) (who on becoming of age took the name of William), born 
Oct. 21, 1782; married, Nov. 12, 1812, Nancy Whitccmib. He 
died Dec. 28, 1863; his wife died Sept. 3, 1861. 

VIII. D.\.\IEL W., born Feb. 22, 1786. 

IX. D.wiD, born Jidy 5, 1788; died in Waterford, Me., May, 1817. 

X. N.\NCV, born March 16, 1792; died May 14, 1795. 

XI. James, born March 16, 1792; married, Feb. 22, 1816, Koxanna 

Frost; died Nov. 3, 1861. 

Daniel W. Farrar was the eighth son of Phineas 
Farrar of Marlborough, and he became a resident of Troy 
in 1800, when he came here and ^vas employed as a clerk 
in the store of Jonas Robeson, seven years. In 1805, 
Robeson moved to Fitzwilliam and left him in charge for 
a time ; he then formed a copartnership with him and 
carried on the company business until 1813, when he 
bought out Mr. Robeson's share and took sole charge of 
the store. About this time he formed a partnership with 
Curtis Coolidge, which continued for about three years, 
when he took the entire business and conducted the same 
until about 1843, when he was succeeded by his son, 
David W. Farrar and John Whittemore, Jr., of Fitzwilliam. 
At this time he resided in the Garey tavern, but in 1835, 
he moved the old store built by Robeson, a little back and 
built the brick store now owned by C. W. Whitney. After 
giving up his store, he devoted the most of his time to 
farming, and lived in the hotise now owned by C. D. 
Farrar, and which was built in 1830. 



For more than fifty years lie was one of the most 
enterprisiiiif men of the town, and probably no one exerted 

a greater influence. He was 
very active in the move- 
ment which led to the for- 
mation of the town of 
Troy, and it was mainly 
through his exertions that 
the act was accomplished, 
as will be seen by referring" 
to the account of its incor- 
poration. His name is iden- 
tified with almost every 
pul)lic act, and although 
his position at times ma^- 
have been violently as- 
sailed, 3'et all seemed \vill- 
ing to give him credit for 
strict integrity- and of act- 
ing from the best of mo- 
tives. In some respects he was a remarkable man, and 
few -with the same early advantages would have made so 
conspicuous a mark in life. He possessed good native 
talent, an active mind, and was c|uick of apprehension, 
but his school advantages were very limited. But he had 
a mind for improvement and an energy w^hich enabled him 
to overcome the most formidable obstacles and to make 
up in good measure the deficiency of his earU- school 
advantages. Ever^^ day was a practical school to him; 
he kept his books by his side, but instead of gathering 
from them a few theories without a knowledge of their 
ap])lication, like many more modern scholars, he used 
them, as was once said by a noted divine, as soldiers to 
assist him in fighting the battle of life. He made his 

Daniel W. Fakrar. 


books contribute to his business capacity, and in all his 
studies, '' cui bono?'' was his earnest inquir\^ Thus his 
education was highly practical and this will account tor 
his success in life. 

Daniel W. Farrar, son of Phineas, born Feb. 22, 17S6; 
married, 1st, May 24-, 1812, Eliza, born Dec. 11, 1791, 
daughter of Dr. Ebenezer and Betsey (Bates) Wright; 
she died April 15, 1814- ; and he married, 2d, Aug. 17, 
1815, Betsey, born Sept. 21, 1794, daughter of Deacon 
Samuel and Hannah (Bowker) Griffin. He died March 
7, 1860; his wife died Nov. 6, 1858. All his children 
were by his 2d marriage. 

I. David Warren, Ijoni Jan. ?A), 1,S17. 

II. Eliza Wright, lioni vSejjt. 26, ISlS; married, Aiii;. 17, IS+i, Rev. 

Alfred Stevens; died Dee. S, 1.S4-4-. 

III. Helen Maria, lioni June 1.1, 1S2(>, niarrieil, June 7, ISlS, Rev. 

.\braham Jenkins, jr. ; died May '2'2. ISol. 

IV. Edward, born Nov. 14, 1S22. 

v. Sarah, born May 28, 1.S24-; died Mareh 27, 1S8S. 

VI. Daniel, l)orn May 29, 1.S3G; married, Nov. 2+, l.S();5, Carolim- .\., 

daughter of Cyrus and Betsey (Jaekson) Fairbanks; died June ;^>, 

1875 ; resides in Leominster, Mass. Children born in Leominster ; 

1. Edward Bird, born Oet. 24-, 1866; 2. (Gertrude Eli/.u, l)<)rn 

Oet. 7, 1870. 
David W. Farrar was the son of Daniel W. and Bet- 
sey ((iriffin) Farrar, and wns born in Troy, Jan. 30, 1817. 
His father was a merchant of the town for thirty-six 
years, and has been spoken of as a "man of strict inLeg- 
ritv and acting from the best of motives." It will be seen 
that Mr. Farrar's business education began in early child- 
hood and he grew up to business life with an example bclore 
him of uprightness and honesty, and received instruction in 
the accurate and careful management of business affairs. 
Thus we see that the superior business ability he mani- 
fested, was in part, the result of long training in the work 
which he afterwards carried along so successfully alone. 
He inherited good native talent from his father, and 
having an active mind, (piick of api)rehension, and alert 



to discern advantageous openings, with a desire for 
improvement and progress, he succeeded. 

His educational advantages were only those such as 
the town furnished, except a short time spent at an acad- 
emy in an adjoining town. As was said of the father, 
that to him every day was a practical school, so we may 
infer that the son received more instruction than the 

I>Avm \V. Farkar. 

schools alone afforded him. We find him growing up to 
manhood under wise instruction in business, and with the 
jjractical duties of life placed before him in a practical 
manner. His time was occupied in his father's store, out 


of and after school hours and school days, until 1843, in 
the service of his father. At this time he took charge of 
the store and conducted the business for twenty years, 
paying for the same and enlarging it C(uite extensively. 
This was before the railroad came as a factor in the trans- 
action of business. This store was the center of trade for 
all this region and presented a lively appearance all day 
long £ind sometimes far into the night. The main cause 
of this great activity was the making of palmleaf hats, 
which was commenced at first by Mr. Farrar's father, 
with some degree of fear and timidity, who pin"chased fifty 
leaf at one time and thought it a great venture. The 
business ])roved ])rofita1)lc, and instead of buying so many 
of the leaf, purchases were made by the number of tons. 
The business assumed its greatest magnitude under the 
management of Mr. Farrar. The store would be encircled 
all day with teams that came from all about within a 
circle of twenty miles, getting the leaf to take home to 
make into hats, and taking pay for the work done in 
goods from the store. But this business was injured by 
the advent of the railroads, and the center of trade for dry 
goods £ind groceries was taken from Troy. He sold out 
his store to Thomas Goodall, Dec. 1, 1860, but bought it 
back again Jan. 1, 1863, taking his son, Henry W., into 
partnership, who conducted the business for two years, 
when the business was purchased by Messrs. C. W. Whit- 
ney and W. G. Silsby. In his business as a merchant, 
Mr. Farrar was highly successful and acquired the me£ins 
of purchasing real estate and of building the residence, in 
1848, which was occupied by him as long as he lived in 
Troy. Soon after taking the store he engaged in the 
manufacture of wooden ware in addition to that of the 
palmleaf hat business. After relin(|uishing his mercantile 
pursuits he devoted his time to his real estate and the 



manufacture of wooden ware at the North end, where the 
business is now conducted by his son, Charles D. Farrar. 
He also, for about two years, aljout 1860, had a manu- 
factory at Swanzey. 

These facts serve to show the activity of Air. Farrar in 
his business career. A man so prominently connected with 
the business of the town, could not, of course, escape 
public duties. Turning to his public life he is found to 
have been much interested in towm affairs. Having large 
interests in the town and jiaying large taxes, it would 
naturally be expected that he would be more or less inter- 
ested in its w^elfare and development. As soon as he had 
attained his majority he was elected town clerk ; an office 
which his father had held from the organization of the 
town, until the year previous to the election of Mr. 
Farrar. This office he held for some six or seven years. 
Mr. Farrar was never selectman of the town because he 
Avas so busy w^ith his own affairs that he always declined 
to allow his name to be used for that position. He 
always manifested an interest in educational matters and 
served upon the board of superintending school committee. 
He was also one of those who took an active part in 
securing the remodeling of the room in the town house, 
recently used for school purposes, so that there might be 
high school privileges for the older children. After the 
establishment of the high school, he w'ith others became 
responsible for the expenses of the school, guaranteeing to 
the teacher her pay. 

In 1863, he was chosen representative to the state 
legislature. He was an active member, taking part in the 
work of the committees, as also in the general work of 
the house. Through him the to^vn secured a reduction of 
the county tax, for when the apportionment was made he 
became convinced that the amount required from TroA- was 


in excess of its valuation, and appeared before the commit- 
tee of apportionment, stating that they had not made the 
percentage of taxation equal, it being excessive in regard 
to Troy as compared with some other places. The com- 
mittee at first were unwilling to change the rate, but Mr. 
Farrar w^as so positive in his statements that he secured 
a reduction which made a saving to the town of about 
five hundred dollars. In 1856, he purchased some soldier 
land claims of the war of 1812, and in consequence of 
which he w^as several times obliged to go to the West to 
look them up and locate them. Some of them were found 
to be of value, others worthless. In the wild scenes in 
which this western coimtry then abounded he took part 
and searched out and located his claims, and in doing so 
was led into scenes in which his courageous nature and 
active spirit found full scope. It is probable that others 
of a less adventurous spirit would have been deterred from 
so arduous a task and have lost all they had invested in 
these lands. During one of these western trips, in the 
spring of 1878, he came to the place now known as Britt, 
Iowa, in which vicinity he owned lands. Here two rail- 
roads crossed, and the promise of a large town was good, 
and, believing in the future of the place, purchased largely 
of its lands, and having obtained a business interest in the 
place, Mr. Farrar left Troy in the fall of 1880, and took 
up his residence in Britt, and began to labor for its 
advancement ; his first effort for the public benefit of the 
tow^n was the agitation of the building of a public school- 
house, w^hich, through his influence largely, was built from 
designs made by him, it being a two-story frame structure 
about thirty feet by seventy feet, finished very neatly and 
making an ornament to the town. 

Soon after the erection of the schoolhouse, a local 
preacher of the Methodist church commenced holding 


service there and Air. Farrar tiro^ed the organization of a 
Sabbath school. The pastor of the Congregational church 
at Britt, at the time of his death, in speaking of him, says : 
"Sometime in May of that year, I met him and he urged 
me to come and spend a Sabbath and afterv^^ards wrote 
to the same effect, and on the first Sal^bath in the June 
following, I commenced to preach there and have continued 
to until the present, the result of which is a church of 
fifteen members and an edifice thirty feet ))y fort\'-five feet, 
finished exce])t the belfry, and with a debt of only two 
himdred dollars. In all these enterprises he has interested 
himself and promoted. His last public \vork was to meet 
the church oflftcials to devise means for the payment of 
the minister's salary, and other indebtedness of the church. 
He had been quite sick, but getting better, on Satur- 
day, Sept. 30 (1882), anxious for the success of a count}' 
fair held at Britt, he went to that during the day and at 
night attended a church meeting in the church when there 
was no fire, taking cold. The next day he was worse and 
continued to fail until his death." He further wrote of 
him: "for two terms he was elected a memljer of the town 
council, and his wise counsel did much to shape the action 
of the board, and economically use the public monies in 
hu'ing sidewalks, planting trees around the schoolhoxise 
lot, and other public improvement, works that will bear 
his impress in time to come. There are but few men 
whose loss will be more seriously felt for years to come in 
the church and by the community than D. W. Farrar. 
During the past summer I have had many private inter- 
views in which he manifested an unusual anxiety to 
throw off the affairs of business scattered over seven 
states, and rest. What he was so anxious to accomplish 
was done for hiin in his removal from them all, and a rest 
we hope in the paradise of God." 


The church in Britt adopted resolutions in reference to 
Mr. Farrar, and speaking" of him as "an active worker in 
the Lord's vineyard, one inteUigent to plan and quick to 
execute, as well as a sympathetic brother." He was a 
man of great energv, good business qualifications, genial 
in personal intercourse, and a warm friend to his friends. 

Mr. Farrar made a public profession of religion and 
became a member of the Congregational church in 1869, 
under the pastoral care of Rev. Levi Brigham, and after 
uniting with the church was called upon frecpiently for 
service. He was upon the Sabbath school committee for 
six years ; was several times delegate to the county con- 
ference of churches ; was temjjorary church clerk ; and 
served four years upon the church committee. After he 
went to Iowa we see that his interest in religious matters 
was prominent, and he thought it well to look after the 
educational and religious interests of his adopted town, 
and took a prominent part in securing it. 

It was said of him, "that he was a man of great 
activity in business, yet in it all endeavoring to show 
himself a man ; of whom one who knew him all through 
life testifies that he always regarded his word as ecpial to 
his bond ; though of great energ}- and of a nervous tem- 
perament, yet usvially holding it in restraint to that which 
w^as just ; having a mind which was argumentative and 
judicial, and which looked to the sui^eriority of right in 
the end, however he might differ in opinion from others; 
a man of strong friendship to his friends ; with public 
spirit which considered not alone his own good, but also 
that of his fellow citizens; a man of progressive thought 
and improvement, and who, making ])rogress himself, 
desired others to share it with him, thus seeking to give 
the young larger intellectual advantages; a man attentive 
to the worship of (lod in the sanctuary (hu'ing all his life. 


becoming at length impressed with the dnty owed to God 
and having the force of will to take up that duty after 
the habits of life had long been fixed, without attention 
to this duty as a personal matter; a man, who, in start- 
ing a new town after this period of his life, gives promi- 
nence to his estimate of the value of the religious element 
in the welfare of a town, asserting by his action that the 
inature judgment of his later years made the service of 
God a prime essential to personal, social and public 

David W. Farrar, son of Daniel, born Jan. 30, 1817; 
married, June 29, 184-1, Hannah, daughter of Stephen 
and Polh' (Wright) Wheeler; died in Britt, Iowa, Oct. 
7, 1882.' 

I. Henry W., born April 21, 1842. 

II. H.\NN.\H M., born Sept. 27, 1843; died Oct. 10, 1843. 

III. Charles, born Oct. 3, 1847. 

IV. Helen M., born Aug. 13, 1854; married Oeorge W. Baker; died nt 

Bradford. Vt.. Aug. 18. 1884. 

Henry W. Farrar, son of David, born April 21, 1842; 
married, Ma^- 30, 1865, Leila B., daughter of Jerr^- 
and Ann Waterhouse. He received his education in the 
common schools and at Vermont Academy. For a 
time he \vas engaged in business with his father. Later 
Avas in business in New York city for sotne time. 
Upon the completion of his business there, he returned 
to Troy and was engaged in looking after his father's 
business, and held various town offices. Was town 
clerk and selectman in 1879, 1880 and 1881. After 
the death of his father he inherited real estate interests 
in Iowa and adjoining stfites and removed to Britt. 
He was mayor of the town one year and filled the 
office with credit, and was a leader in all matters of 
public interest. In his business relations he w^as 
prompt, rendering to every man his due and expected 
the same in return. Failing health compelled him to 
give up business, and he died at Minneapolis, Minn., 
Aug. 13, 1885. His widow resides, and is vice 



president of the State Bank at Alonte \'ista, Colo- 

Hh.nkv W. Fakhan 

Charles D. Farrar, son of David, born Oc:t. 3, 1847 ; 
married, Sept. 6, 1877, Elizabeth A., daughter of 
Thomas and Susanna (Stocks) Birtwhistle. He at- 
tended the common schools of the town and took a 
course of instruction at Highland Military Academy, 
Worcester, Mass. He was a clerk for about two years 
in the dry goods store of L. J. Brown in F'itchburg. 
He returned to Troy, and in 1873 commenced the 
manufacture of wooden ware in the Sible\' peg mill at 



the North end, and is a successful business man and 
the hirgest real estate owner in town. He was town 

Charles D. Farrar. 

clerk in 1872 and 1873, but aside from this has alwa3's 
declined accepting any town office. 

I. Daughter, born Nov. 5. 1878; died Nov. 8, 1878. 

II. David Warren, boi-n Oet. 13, 1882. 

III. Theodore Birtwhistle, born Sept. 2, 1884; died Oct. l(i, 1884-. 

IV. Edward Henry, born May 12, 1886. 

Edward Farrar, a younger brother of David W., was 
born in Troy, Nov. 14, 1822, and after pursuing a 
preparatory course of study entered Dartmouth Col- 
lege, but on account of ph^'sical inability, he did not 



finish the usual college course, but left without his 
degree. Soon after he commenced the study of law 
with Levi Chamberlain, Esq., of Keene, and entered 
Harvard Law School from which he graduated in 
1847, and entered upon the practice of his profession 
in Keene, being admitted to the Cheshire County Bar 
in December of the same year. He held the office of 
Clerk of the Supreme Court for the County of Cheshire 
from December, 1857, until the time of his death. He 
also served as Mayor of Keene, and held many places 
of trust and responsibility. He married, Aug. 23, 
1858, Caroline, daughter of Charles H. Brainard of 
Keene. He died Feb. 11, 1888. Children: 

CAROLINE Frances, l>orn Aug. 3, 1860. 

Sarah Brainard, born Aug. 13, 1S69; died Nov. 11, 18SS. 

Residence of C. I). Farrar. 

Major John Farrar was a native of Framingham, Mass. ; 
married, 1st, Oct. 13, 1740, Martha, daughter of Rev. 
John and Sarah (Tileson) Swift of PVamingham. His 
wife died 1749, and he married, 2d, Oct. 4, 1750, 
Deborah, born Jan. 27, 1728-29; died Nov. 2, 1793, 
daughter of Thomas and Deborah (Gleason) Winch of 

I. Mary, born Jan. 8, 1742; married Gen. James Reed. 

II. Martha, born Dec. 15, 1744; died April 3, 1775. 


III. John, born and died Ma^- 5, 1749. 

IV. Martha, born June 7, 174-9. 

Y. John, born Aug. 11, 1751; married, Alay 8, 17.SG, Ruth Davis; 

died March 20, 1809. 
Yi. Deborah, bom Dec. 26, 1753; married, Sept. 12, 1776, Caleb Le- 

land ; resides in Leominster, Mass. 
Yii. Xklly, born Nov. 4, 1755; married, Capt. John Brown of Fitehburg. 
Yiii. Joseph, born April 3, 1758; married, 1st, Hannah Kimball of 

Fitehburg; married, 2d, Martha Nutting of Peppcrell ; married, 

3d, Elizabeth Fletcher of Dunstable. 

IX. William, born June 30, 1760; married, July 6, 1780, Irena Bo\-n- 

ton; he died May 4, 1837; his wife died May 15, 1835. 

X. Daniel, born Feb. 19, 1763; died in Troy, Sept. 5, 1832, unmarried. 

XI. .\nne, born Oct. 27, 1765; married Benoni Shurtleff. 

XII. S.\MrEL, born Jan. 22, 1769; married Mary Nutting of Pep]jerell. 

XIII. Hetty, born Oct. 14, 1771 ; married Joseph Haskell. 

Daniel Farrar, born in Lincoln, Mass., March 25, 1755; 
married Luc3% daughter of John and Mary (Joslin) 
Bruce of vSudbury, Mass. He died Nov. 13, 1837; his 
wife died Aug. 20, 1838. 

I. Elizaheth, born Jan. 23, 1776; married, 1st, Nathan Platts ; 

married, 2d, Samuel Rockwood ; died Jan. 10, 1836. 

II. Daniel, born March 24, 1778; died April 29, 1781. 

III. Lucy, born Oct. 31, 1780; married, Dec. 31, 1805, Caleb Winch. 

IV. Daniel, born Nov. 10, 1782. 

V. Samuel, born April 15, 1785; married, Nov. 17, 1808, Lydia Cut- 

ting; settled in Vermont. 

VI. John B., born Dec. 17, 1787; married, Aug. 15, 1810, Anna Harvey 

of Marlborough ; died Oct. 14, 1854. 
vii. Mary, born April 14, 1790; married William Winch. 
Yili. Sally, born Feb. 16, 1792; married Abishai Collins; died Se])t. 25, 


IX. William, born Feb. 18, 1794; married, March 20, 1816, Betsev, 

born Sept. 26, 1793; died Dec. 2, 1881, daughter of Josiah and 
Lucy (Snow) Whittemore of Phillipston, Mass.; died Jan. 7, 
1870. Removed to Monroe County, N. Y., and from there to 
Hadle^', Lapeer Count3', Mich., where both died. They had four- 
teen children, of whom twelve lived to maturity and eleven 

X. Nancy, born Jan. 5, 1797; married A. Rawson ; removed to Vermont. 
XL Tryphena, born Oct. 21, 1799; married Robert Fitz of New Ijjswich, 

where she died in 1842. 

George Farrar, brother of Daniel, born in Lincoln, Feb. 

1, 1760; married Bruce of Sudbury, Mass.; died 

Nov. 1, 1824; his widow died March 26, 1825. 


I. George, lioni Dec. 8, 1784; married, 1st, Naomi Starkey, who died 

Sept. 2, 1842; married, 2d, Sally, daughter of John Whitne}-. 
Died Oct. 3, 1860. 

II. Nahum, born Nov. 7, 1786; died 1812. 
m. Stephicn, born Jan. 1, 1789. 

IV. Patty, born April 21, 1793; died 1810. 

V. Sally, born Sept. 11,1797; married Luther Bemis ; died March 24, 


George Farrar, son of George, born Dec. 8, 17S4-; 
married, 1st, 1817, Naomi Starkey and settled on the 
farm formerh' owned by lelialiod Shaw. He boiiglit 
the farm of one Piper, who had it of Thayer, and the 
latter had it of Moses Kenney, who had it of Shaw. 
Mr. Farrar lived on this place until his death. Mrs. 
Farrar died in 1842, and he married, 2d, Sally, 
daughter of John Whitney. 

I. Naomi E., born 1818; died 1829. 

II. Martha, born 1820; married Henry Haskell. 

III. Harriet Newell, born 1822; died 1825. 

IV. Nancy, born 1824; died 1825. 

V. George Elliott, born 1826; died 1829. 

VI. George E., born 1830, and died same year. 

Stephen Farrar, son of George, born Jan. 1, 1789; 
married, Dec. 17, 1815, Delila, daughter of Jonathan 
and Delila (Rhodes) Bemis; died March 2, 1841. 

I. Charles, born April 6, 1817; died 1838. 

II. John, born Feb. 3, 1819; died July 24, 1831. 

III. Stephen Bemis, born May 18, 1821; died June, 1826. 

IV. Stephen Bemis, 2d, born Aug. 23, 1826. 

Stephen Bemis Farrar, son of Stephen, born Aug. 23, 
1826; married, June 2, 1846, Persis Twitchell of North- 
field, Mass., born Sept. 16, 1827; died April 15, 1874. 
He located on the home farm, the place now occupied 
by Carlos M. Barnard, where he lived until his death, 
Nov. 15, 1870, which was caused by falling from a 

I. John S., born May 23, 1848; died Nov. 28, 1860. 

II. Charles, born Aug. 10, 1850; died Nov. 28, ISGO. Both drowned. 

III. Ji'LiA Cora, born Jan. 24, 1862; married, April 9, 1884, I'rcd S. 

Schnell, born .^pril 8, 1859. 

Daniel Farrar, son of Daniel, born Nov. 10, 1782; 
married, Dec. 30, 1806, Lucena, born April 11, 1780, 


daughter of Daniel and Hannah (Goodrich) Mellen. 
He died Nov. 26, 1867. 

I. Hannah Goodrich, born Oct. 11, 1807; died Sept. 14, 1S24-. 

II. LuCENA, born Ma.v 15, 1810; died Dec. 12, 185.5. 

III. Bktsey, Ijorn April 22, 1813; died Jan. G, 1S92, unmarried. 

IV. Daniel A1., born Nov. 7, 1815. 

V. Leonard, born Sept. 20, 1S17; died Jinic 1, 1876. 

VI. James, born June 29, 1820; married Clara Brown of Warwick, 

Mass.; died in Adrian, Mich., Dec. 8, 1890. 

VII. Hannah, born April 25, 1825; died Jan. 30, 1820. 

Daniel Mellen Farrar, son of Daniel, born Nov. 7, 
1815; married, Feb. 15, 1838, Sophronia Keith, born 
Dec. 10, 1810; died April 3, 1872; he died March 28, 

I. Daniel Warren, born Nov. 7, 1839. 

II. John Lyman, born Oct. 6, 184-1. 

III. Charles Adelrert, born April 24, 1844. 

IV. Adrie Lucena, born Dec. 10, 1848; married Charles E. Kimball; 

died Sept. 20, 1893. 

Daniel W. Farrar, son of Daniel M., born Nov. 7, 1839; 
married, Nov. 7, 1860, Nancy A., born April 9, 1842, 
daughter of Luther F., and Harriet Fiper; died July 
14, 1881. Children l)orn in Fitzwilliam. 

I. LiLA Estella, born Dec. 4, 1860; married, Jan. 19, 1887, Henry 

H. Bnckwold. 

II. Edith May, born July 24, 1871; married Perley A. Hale, 
in. Adelhert Warren, born May 29, 1876. 

John Lyman Farrar, son of Daniel M., born Oct. 6, 1841; 
married Ellen Josephine Piper, born May 10, 1845; 
died April 1, 1875. His widow married, 2d, Feb. 3, 
1879, William W. Webster. 

I. Walter Daniel, born April 20, 1867. 

II. Stephen Mellen, born Feb. 6, 1869. 

III. James Henry, born Jan. 30, 1871. 

IV. Frank Warren, born May 4, 1873. 

Charles Adelbert Farrar, son of Daniel M., born April 
24, 1844; married, April 3, 1865, Charlotte E. Bemis. 

I. Mary Arbie, born March 11, 1866; married, Dec. IS, 1888, Fred 

W. Fuller of Westmoreland. 

II. Leonard Adelbert, born Sept. 28, 1869; married, September, 1894, 

Mar\' Bennett. One child, Leonard Charles, born Nov. 13, 1895. 
Resides in Maiden, Mass. 


III. Fred Jones, born July 28, 1871; married, Nov. 12, 1896, Ida E., 

daughter of Levi A. and Emily L. (Adams) Fuller of Marlborougli. 

IV. Nellie Ida, born Oct. 28, 1875. 

V. Charlotte Bemis, born June 10, 1877. 

Elias French Farr, was born in Windham, Vt., June 30, 
1831; married, 1st, Nov. 24, 1857, Janette Weir, born 
in Victor, Nova Scotia, Jan. 17, 1833, who died Aug. 
9, 1892 ; killed by the cars on the railroad bridge at 
the North end. Mr. Farr, married, 2d, Nov. 24, 1896, 
Mrs. Angelia Burpee. 

I. George Hexrv, born Oct. 22, 18,^>8; married. June 11, 1881, Ella 

M., daughter of William N. Watson. One child, W'illinm Henry, 
born in Troy, Oct. 30, 1885. 

II. John Thomas, born Oct. 12, 1860; married, June 17, 1885, Flora 

0. Coburn of Jaffrey. Children: 1. Glnclys ; 2. Ralph. 

III. Etta, born Jan. 17, 1862; married, Jtuie 4-, 1884-, lidvvin Ray <jf 

West (jardner, Mass. Children: 1. Vurwill Mnynard Rny ; 2. 
Ethel Iclell Ray. 

IV. James, born Dec. 30, 1864; married, June 17, 1891, Martha M. 

Emery of Jaffrey. One child, Leila. 

V. Florinda, born Dec. 8, 1867; married, Aug. 1, 1892, Et\v\ H. Whit- 

ney of Athol, Mass. One child, Harold Francis Whitney. 

Fassett. Patrick Fassett and his wife Sarah, came 
from Rock Fassett Castle, Ireland, and settled in Lexing- 
ton, Mass. There is a tradition that the ancestors of the 
family were refugees who fled from Scotland to escape 
religious persecution, and that the name Fassett was 
assumed to conceal their identity, the original name being 
Macpherson. The proper English pronunciation of the 
name Fassett gives the broad sound to the a, and in 
England as well as in this country, some branches of the 
family spell the name Fawcett or Fossett, as being less 
liable to mispronunciation. The final consonant is often 
written single. The oldest children of Patrick and Sarah were : 

Joseph, born Oct. 2, 1672; died June, 1754; resided in 
Lexington. By wife Mary had a son, 

Joseph, born Dec. 6, 1701; died Aug. 14, 1755; married 
Amity Willard, whose father was from Wales. Had six 
children of whom the fourth, 


John, born Dec. 7, 1739; married Isabel Bogle of 
Natick, Mass. The^- came to Fitzwilliam about 1768, 
their third child, Joseph, bein^g the first white male child 
born in that town. The^- had eight children, Willard, 
John, Joseph, Obil, Thomas, Isabel, Benjamin and Ltic}'. 

Obil, born Aug. 25, 1771; married, vSept. 28, 1794, 
Lois, born April 5, 1768; died Aug. 11, 184-7, daughter 
of Levi and Ruth (Darling) Bixby of Winchendon. He died 
Nov. 14-, 1842. The\' had Joseph, Benjamin, John, Francis 
Benjamin, Isabel, Stephen Franklin, Clarissa, 01)il William, 
two sons, twins, Eunice Bixby, Dr. Thomas Willard. 

Joseph Fassett, son of Obil, born Ma^' 1, 1795; married, 
March 3, 1820, Tabitha, born Sept. 12, 1791; died 
Sept. 6, 1871, daughter of Joel and Taliitha Wright 
of Fitzwilliam. Was in the woodenware and lumber 
business in Fitzwilliam; removed January, 1836, to Jaf- 
frey ; built the first half-wa\' house on the Monadnock. 

I. Tabitha B., born Ang. 26, 1820; married Edward B. H. Stewart. 

II. Joseph Wright, born June 7, 1822. 

III. Lois Bixby, born Nov. 1, 1823; married Abel Thom])son, born Dec. 

13, 1815; died Oct. 7. 1846. 

IV. John Benjamin, born Oct. 12, 1825; married, Nov. 23, 1851, LA'dia 

Ann Phelps of Wincliester ; died in Springfield, Mass., Oct. 24, 

V. Joel E., l)orn Aug. 8, 1827; went to Boston when c|uite young 

and lived there until the war of the Rebellion, when he enlisted 
in Company E., Second Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers, 
where he saw much service. After the war he returned to the 
old homestead in JafiFre\', where he died May 11, 1864. 

VI. Edward Gardner, born Sept. 16, 1829; died May 20, 1850. 

VII. Either W., born Nov. 12, 1831; married, Sept. 24, 1856, Sarah 

E., daughter of Dr. Thomas Willard Fassett. He served in Second 
Regiment and was killed at Evansport, Va., April 2, 1862. One 
child, Carrie. 

VIII. Danverse C, born May 2, 1834. 

IX. Clarissa C, born June 9, 1836; married Sumner WilJjur; died Dec. 

26, 1856. 

Daxyerse C. Fassett, son of Joseph, born Ma^- 2, 1834; 
married, Aug. 18, 1855, Hannah Hammond, born Jan. 
12, 1836; died Nov. 15, 1895. 



Gardner C, born Oct. 19, 1857; married, 1st, Annie Brine; married, 
2d, Josie Luther; resides in Reading, Mass. 

Ellsworth L., born March 11, 1863; married, 1st, Jidy 4-, 1882, 
Jessie M., adopted daughter of Henry A. Spofiford ; married, 2d, 
Aug. 4, 1891, EUeanor Maljel Rol^inson, born Oct. 26, 1870. 


Joseph Wright Fassett, son of Joseph, born June 7, 
1822; married, 1st, Nov. 16, 1847, Sarah A. Putney, 
Avho died Dec. 13, 1873, from injuries received by beinii" 
thrown from a carriage on Ward Hill; married, 2d, 
Nov. 5, 1874, Mrs. Emily L. (White) Dunn of Sullivan, 
who died April 7, 1888; married, 3d, Mrs. Eliza N. 
Powers. Mr. Fassett died July 23, 1891, caused from 


having his neck broken l)y l^eing; thrown from a mow- 
ing machine while at work in a held near his house. 
After his first marriage, Mr. Fassett lived for a few 
years in this towm and in Boston, Mass. ; but in 1854, 
he returned to Jafifrey and bought the old homestead 
farm, on which he resided until his death. He was 
chosen and appointed to many offices of honor, trust 
and responsibility-. Children born, i and iii in Troy, ii 
in Boston. 

I. Charles Wkight, born Dec. 3, 184-8; married, Oct. 5, 1876, Adelia 

P., born Jan. 14-, 1847, daughter of Thomas and Marietta (Cut- 
ter) Upton of JaftVey, where he resides. One chikl, Fred Wright. 

II. Abbie Ann, Ijorn Jan. 14, 1851; married, Oct. 10, 1878, Alvin H. 

Simonds of Fitchbtirg, Mass.; died Nov. 22, 1879. One chikl, 
Susan Ethel Simonds, born Oct. 22, 1879. 

III. Fk.\nk P.. born March 2, 1853; died Dec. 19, 1863. 

IV. Henkv J., Iiorn Dec. 19, 1863, in Fitzwilham. (Adopted). 

Daniel A. Field, son of Dexter Field, born in Leverett, 
Mass., July 17, 1839; married, August, 1866, Mary E., 
daughter of George \V. and Mary (Bemis) Brown. 
Children born, i, ii, in, iv, v, and viii in Troy, vi, vii 
in Jafifre}'. 

I. Lizzie Idelea, born Dec. 1, 186G; married. May- 30, 1889, Charles 

H. Cornell. 

II. (tEOkge Edward, born July 21, 1889. 

III. Wynna Mabel, born Jan. 6, 1873. 

IV. Warren Dexter, l)orn .\])ril 13, 1875. 

V. Fred Brown. bt)rn Auj^. 31, 1876. 

VI. Charle;s Arthur, born Aug. 9, 1879. 

VII. Johnnie Washington, born Nov. 9, 1881. 

VIII. Clifford Ennis, born July 2, 1883. 

Fife. "The surname Fife claims to be descended from 
a younger son of Fife Macduf, Earl of Fife, from which 
title the}' have the name and carry the arms." — (Lowers' 
Family Names of the United Kingdom.) "It is not 
doubted that those of the name of Fife are descendants of 
Fife Macduf. They have the paternal arms of Macduff." 
— (Old Manuscript furnished by Joseph Baiiibridge Fife, 
M. D.) While it is true that the name had its origin in 
the foregoing manner, it is believed to have also been 


assumed by natives of the county of Fife, Scotland, other 
than descendants of Fife Macduff, and, as applied to their 
descendants, is a local surname. The county is spelled Fife, 
but in Scotland the surname is most often spelled Fyfe. 

This is one of the oldest families in Scotland, as is 
shown by its frequent and honorable mention in Scotland's 
history from the very commencement of the use of sur- 
names, and by traditions handed down in the family fronl 
generation to generation. James and William were the 
ancestors of the Fife family in this country. They were 
natives of Fifeshire, Scotland, and were among the early 
settlers of Bolton, Mass. James married Patience Butler, 
a native of Bolton. They had twelve children, among 
whom were Silas and Robert. 

Dea. Silas Fife, son of James and Patience (Butler) Fife, 
born in Bolton, Mass., Oct. 4, 1743; married, Aug. 15, 
1772, Abigail Houghton, a native of Bolton. He was 
one of the earliest settlers in this region. He united 
with the Congregational church in Marlborough in 
1779, and was made one of the deacons, June 22, 1791, 
and continued to hold the office until Sept. 3, 1815, 
when he withdrew from the Marlborough church in 
order to unite with the church here, on account of its 
being nearer his residence. He held various positions 
of honor and trust in town with credit to himself and 
advantage to his fellow citizens. 

I. Sami'El, bom June 27, 1 773. 

II. Betsey, born Ma\- 3, 1775; married William Tenney ; died June 22, 


III. Silas, born April 21, 1777; married Abigail Johnson; removed to 

Halifax, Vt., where he died April 12, 1834-. One ehild : Otis, 
born July 17, 1810; married, Oct. 15, 1832, Temperance Pearce; 
died in Oswego, N. Y., May 2, 1843. 

IV. John, born Feb. 6, 1779. 

V. James, born Nov. 14, 1780; married Mrs. Coy; died in Troy, 1840. 
Yi. Abigail, born Dec. 2, 1782; died in childhood. 

Yii. Benjamin, born March 24, 178(3; married Betsey Newton; died in 
Troy, Nov. 24, 1842. 


VIII. Amos, born Oct. l-i, 1790; married Nancy, daughter of Reuben 

Ward; he died in Boston, Dec. IS, 1830. 

IX. Timothy, born April 24, 1792. 

X. Nathan, born Feb. 22, 1795; married Margaret Bird; died at Isle- 

an-Haiite, Me., October, 1834-. 

Samuel Fife, son of Deacon Silas, born June 27, 1773; 
married, 1st, Sept. 6, 1806, Anna, daughter of Daniel 
and LucN' (Collins) Emerson of Marlborough, born May 
27, 1782, and died in Jafifrey, July 28, 1818; married, 
2d, April 1, 1819, Sarah Thayer, born in Richmond, 
Aug. 15, 1776, and died in Elmore, Vt., June 20, 1847. 
He died in Elmore, Oct. 15, 1851. Children: i, ii, iii 
by first wife ; iv and v b^" second wife. 

I. Almond, born March 4-, 1811; married, Jan. 5, 1841, Marinda 

Peck; died Sept. 3, 1868. 

II. Abba, born July 5, 1814; married, Jan. 28, 1836, Charlotte Courser; 

resides in Iowa. 

III. MiR.\, born April 19, 1818; married Jason M. Kendrick of Wilming- 

ton, N. Y. ; died April 5, 1848. 
lY. Emerson, born Nov. 13, 1819; died November, 1853, unmarried. 
V. Silas, born April 20, 1825; married, Jan. 1, 1857, Sarah Allen; 

resides in Chicago. 

John Fife, son of Deacon Silas, born Feb. 6, 1779; 
married Sarah Seward, born March 27, 1774; died in 
Peterborough, Aug. 24, 1858 ; he died there Ma3' 7, 

I. Abigail, born July 29, 1800; married, Oct. 12, 1823, Samuel vStrat- 

ton ; resided in Jaftrey. 

II. William, born Nov. 23, 1803; married, 1st, April 27. 1833, Ruth 

Gott; married, 2d, Dec. 22, 1847, Sarah Sellers; died at Ells- 
worth, Me., June 2, 1857. 

III. John, born Jan. 31, 1807; married, Nov. 4, 1830, Caroline Stone; 

resides in Charlotte, N. Y. 
lY. Mary, born June 27, 1808; died 1828, unmarried. 
Y. Elmira, born Aug. 11, 1811; died March 16, 1895. 
Yi. Elvira, born Aug. 11, 1811; died Dec. 8, 1894. Both lived and 

died in Peterborough, unmarried. 

Timothy Fife, son of Deacon Silas, born April 24, 1782; 
married, 1821, Mary Jones of Framingham, and located 
on the farm with his father, and resided there till the 
death of the latter, when he came into possession of 
the farm. In 1848, he sold this place to William A. 


Harris, and purchased of George Bemis the farm now 
owned by John Tatro, where he lived until his death, 
Dec. 12. 1871. Mrs. Fife died Feb. 10, 1856. 

I. Daniel Jones, l)orn Aug. 11, 1823; married, 1st, Sept. 23, 1851, 

Lony Alziiia, born July 8, 1833; died Dec. 1, 1862, daughter of 
Enoch and Luc^' (Hodgldns) Garfield; married, 2d, March 24-, 
1864, Lizzie H., born Jan. 27, 1840, daughter of Jabez, Jr., and 
Mary Jane (Perkins) Monse. Children: 1. Arthur Frederick, horn 
Feb. 27, 1866; 2. Grnce Frances, born Ai)ril 24, 1872; died Oct. 
16, 1884. 

II. Betsey T., born Dec. 24, 1824; married Jacob N. Harrington; died 

May 29, 1868. 
in. Sar.\ii E., 1)orn May 23, 1826; married William A. Harris; died 

July 28, 1897. 
IV. Mary M., born Aug. 18, 1827; died Aug. 19, 1847. 
Y. Raciiael, born Oct. 30, 1828; married, January, 1862, Joseph 

Bailey, who died June 26, 1888 ; died March 14, 1892. 

Robert Fitts w^as a native of Royalston, Mass., and came 
here in 1809 or 1810 with his widowed mother, and 
resided several years in the Whipple house. Married, 
1825, Tryphena Farrar. He v^as a mechanic and was 
represented as being a very ingenious man and given 
to new inventions. Soon after coming here he built a 
shop which stood near the old blanket mill, and in 
this he constructed several machines which were pro- 
pelled by water. This shop was burned in 1825. He 
lived here until about 1827, when he went to Mason 
and afterwards to New Ipswich. 

I. Robert, lived in Ashburnham. 

II. Mary, married White of New Ipswich. 

in. Keziah, married Kenyon; lived in Ashburnham. 

IV. Samuel, lived in Ashburnham. 

V. Lucy, lived with her father. 

VI. Georgianna, died in infanc\'. 

Forristall. Jesse and Joseph Forristall, sons of John 
and Thankful (Jones) Forristall of Holliston, Mass., came 
to this region in the spring of 1781. Joseph settled on 
land now within the limits of Troy. 

Joseph Forristall, born 1758; died April 12, 1848; 
married, 1778, Hannah, born 1764; died May 2, 1849; 


daughter of Joseph and Mary (Parker) Mellen of Hol- 
liston, Mass. 

I. Betsev, born Dec. 31, 1780; married Samuel Hemeinvay of Fitz- 

n. Keziah, born Sept. 17, 1782; married, Feb. 2, 1809, Thomas Gould 

of Swanzey; died May 11, ISl-l. 

III. John, born Feb. 23, 1786; married Mary Parker; resided in Win- 


IV. Hannah, born Sept. 9, 1789; married Samuel Stone of Fitzwilliam ; 

resided in Swanzey. 

V. PotLY, born March 6, 1792; manned Rufus Gould; resided in 

Cavendish, Vt. 

VI. Joseph Mellen, born Oct. 18, 1794. 

VII. Jonas, born Oct. 18, 1794'; married Lucy Blanding ; resided in 

Sutton, Mass. 
viu. Dexter, born Jidy 22, 1797. 

IX. Ezra, born Sept. 20, 1799; married, Ajiril 12, 1825, Betsey, 

daughter of George and Betsey (Lawrence) Starkey; died March 
3, 1872; resided in Boston, Mass. 

X. Belinda, born 1802; died Jan. 7, 1808. 

XI. Alexander, born 1805; married, Jan. 9, 1831, Mary L., daughter 

of George and Betsey (Lawrence) Starke^- ; died at Woodbury, 
L. L, June 25, 1847; she died at Chelsea, Mass., July 31, 1875. 

XII. Thomas J., born 1807; married Jane Chamberlain ; died Feb. 4, 1850. 

XIII. SvLVKNDER, boni 1809; married, 1st, Hannah Knight; 2d, Harriet 

Gorham ; resides in Chelsea, Mass. 

Joseph M. Forristall, son of Joseph, born Oct. 18, 
1794; married, March 9, 1818, Fanny, born Dec. 22, 
1797, daughter of Benjamin and Sally (Haskell) 
Brigham ; died Oct. 14, 1864. His wife died April 12, 
1889. After his marriage he located on the farm 
formerly owned by Caleb Winch, where he resided six 
years. After this he lived on the Sanders farm two 
years, then leased the tavern built by Josiali Morse, 
and kept the public house two 3"ears. He resided a 
short time in the Whipple house, but in 1829, he built 
the Flint house, now^ owned by E. F. Adams, and 
resided there six years. In 1833, he purchased of Asa 
Porter, the sawmill at the North end, built by Silas 
Wheeler. At this time there was a high sand bank at 
the junction of the two roads near the mill, and Mr. 
Forristall levelled this and built upon its site the house 
now owned bv Leonard Bovce. He was a verv 



athletic, industrious man and did much to improve the 
condition of the town, and enjoyed the fidl confidence 
of his fellow citizens. He held many town offices and 
represented the town in the Legislature for two jxars. 



I. Czarina, born March IS, 1S19; married Henry A. Porter. 
1!. Franklin Brigiia.m, I)()rn Dee. 15, 1S21. 

III. Samira, honi Oct. 31, 1.S28; married Austin I'., dates; died May 

26, 1882. 

IV. Joseph N., born April 19, 1826. 

V. Benjamin Brigiiam, bom May 2, 1830. 

VI. Aepheus Merrill, born Jan. 1, 1833. 

VII. Henry M., born vSept. 6, 1835. 

VIII. Sarah Jane, Ijorn May 18, 1838; died March 30, 1851. 



Benjamin B. Forristall, son of Joseph M., born May 2, 
1830; married, March 23, 1853, Harriet E. Shannon. 

I. Edwin B., born Aug. 18, 1862; married, Dec. 21, 1886, Elberta G., 

daiighter of George and Nellie (Converse) Brown. 

II. Frederick G., born Dec. 10, 1868; married, Jul\' 8, 1889, Catherine 

C. Downie of Fitchburg. Children: 1. Fred E. />., born Jan. 18, 
1891; 2. Ralph D., born April 14, 1894. 

Alpheus M. Forristall, son of Joseph M., born Jan. 1, 
1833; married, Jan. 1, 1856, Sarah M. Adams; resides 
in Cliftondale, Mass. 

Stephen A. D. Forrlstai.l. 

I. Herbert M., born Aug. 14, 1859; married, Sept. 30, 1886, Emma 
J. Radden of Cliftondale. 


II. Stephen A. D., born Sept. 10, 1861; married, May 6, 1884, Kath- 

erine P. Cross of Keene; resides in Cliftondale, Mass.; he is at 
present superintendent of tck\L;raph of the Boston & Maine rail- 
road system. One child: Phillip M., born Feb. 19, 1888. 

III. Anna L., born Nov. 9, 1863; died Oct. 12, 1880. 

Franklin B. Forristall, son of Joseph M., born Dec. 15, 
1821; married, Sept. 15, 1846, Martha Ann, daughter 
of WilHam and Patty (Haskell) Lawrence; died May 
5, 1884. His widow died Oct. 7, 1890. 

I. Marietta M., born Dec. 12, 18-17; married Levi Randall of Keene; 

died Nov. 21, 1890. 

II. Hannah E., born Jan. 20; died April 3, 1851. 

III. Sarah Jane, born April 13, 1852. 

IV. George H., born Sept. 17, 1853. 

Joseph N. Forristall, son of Joseph M., Ijorn April 19, 
1826; married, Sept. 10, 1851, Mary Ann, daughter 
of Abner and Laura (Lawrence) Haskell; died June 1, 

I. Willard Noyes, born in Swanzev, Sept. 19, 1865; married, Nov. 

15, 1888, Lucretia Marshall of Stamford, Conn.; resides in Hart- 
ford, Conn. One child: Joseph Alnrshall, born Aug. -l, 1891. 

II. E. Viola, adopted daughter; died June 2, 1863, aged eight years. 

Henry A1. Forristall, son of Joseph M., born Sept. 6, 
1835; married, Dec. 25, 1859, Helen M. Ormsby, at 
Elkhart, Ind. He returned to Troy where he lived 
until 1862, w^hen he located in Edwardsburgh, Mich., 
remaining about two years, when he went to Grinnell, 
Iowa, where he died Jan. 31, 1867. His widow resides 
at Tecumseh, Mich. 

I. Lincoln M., born in Tro}-, Oct. 18, 1860; died in Tecumseh, Dec. 

31, 1891; unmarried. 

II. Fannie May, born in Grinnell, July 3, 1865; died March 4-, 1868. 

Francis Foster was born in Worcester, Mass., in 1812; 
married, March 11, 1835, Susan W. Packard. Mrs. 
Foster's father, Jonathan Packard, was born in Oakham, 
Mass., in 1790, and died in 1856. Her paternal grand- 
father, Caleb Packard, was born in Oakham, in 1764, 
and died in 1847. Her great-grandfather, Ichabod 
Packard, w^as a native of Bridgewater, Mass. Her 
mother, whose maiden name w^as Susan Crawford, was 
a native of Oakham. Her maternal grandfather was 



born in Oakham, her great-grandfather in Rutland, 
Mass., her great-great-grandfather in Ireland. Her great- 
great -great-grandfather 
was a native of Scot- 
land, where he remain- 
ed till he married ; he 
then set out for Amer- 
ica, but the laws ^vere 
such at that time as to 
prevent his coming, and 
consequently he went to 
Ireland, where his son, 
the ancestor of Mrs. 
Foster, was born. The 
F'osterSjithasbeen said, 
descended from the re- 
nowned Miles Standish, 
but the statement is not 
authenticated. Calvin 
Foster, the father of 
Francis, was born in 
Dudley, Mass., in 1782, 
married and resided 

some time in Worcester, but died in Colebrook in 1830. 
Calvin Foster's father was a native of Harvard, and 
died there in 1782. Francis Foster became a citizen 
of Troy in the earh^ part of 1843, and resided some 
time in the house afterwards owned by Edwin But- 
trick. He was a tanner and currier, and carried on 
the business for several years under the name of 
Wright & Foster. He sold his interest in 1860, to 
Leonard Wright and moved to Keene, ^vhere he con- 
tinued in business till within a year of his death. The 
business was afterwards carried on by his son until 
a few years since. Mrs. Foster died in Keene, April 
13, 1877. Mr. Foster died July 23, 1877. 

Susan Makia, born Aug. 8, 1836; married, Aug. 20, 1863, James 
RubA' Sibley of Stafford Springs, Conn.; resides in L\'nn, Mass. 
Children: 1. Frederick James Sibley, horn V eh. 3, 1866; 2. Charles 
Ruby Sibley, born March 21. 1869; married, July 29, 1891, 

Francis Foster. 


Georgie May Pierce of Lynn. Children: Edna R., born April 
22, 1892; Charles R., jr., born Nov. 13, 1895; 3. Mnry Foster 
Sibley, bom Jan. 13, 1872; married, Oct. 23, 1893, Herbert (irant 
Morse of Fitchbnry ; 4-. Martini Louise Sibley, born Aiij^-. 2, 

II. Lucy Jane, born Sept. 27, 1838; married, Feb. 26, 1863, Joseph W. 

Cross, Jr. Children: 1. Kntberine Prentiss Cross, born May 17, 
1864; married S. A. Douglass Forristall; 2. Francis Foster Cross, 
born Oct. 13, 1866; 3. Gertrude May Cross, born Jan. 8, LS69 ; 
4. Robert Morrison Cross, born Aug. 3, 1872 ; 5. Frank Eugene 
Cross, born June 30, 1876. The family reside in Somerville, Mass., 
the sons being employed in the dry goods business in Boston. 

III. Martha Alamanza, born Dee. 27, 1841; married, Dec. 8, 1862, 

Hiram Allen Crawford, born in Oakham, Mass., July 22, 1832; 
resides in Duckworth, Victoria, Australia. Children: 1. Hiram 
Allen Crawford, Jr., born vScpt. 28, 1863; died July 25, 1866; 2. 
Gertrude Maria Crawford, born May 25, 1865; died Jan. 9, 1866; 
3. Susan Maud Crawford, born May 25, 1867; 4. Walter Carle- 
ton Crawford, born Feb. 18, 1870; married. May 28, 1895, Jessie 

IV. Mary Caroline, born Aug. 15, 1844; married, June 26, 1867, Rev. 

Silas P. Cook; died April 9, 1883, in Chelsea, Mass. 

V. Frank Eugene, born June 30, 1848. 

VI. Addie Isabel, born July 12, 1853; married, June 25, 1873, Solon 

E. Buffum of Keene; resides in Taunton, Mass., where Mr. Buffum 
is at the head of the large carpet department of N. H. Skinner. 
Children: 1. Walter Solon Buffum, born Aug. 16, 1874; 2. (irace 
Isabel Buffum, born Jan. 8, 1877. 

VII. Julia Gertrude, born June 21, 1856; married, 1879, Charles E. 

Hutchinson, who was a native of Rtitland, Vt. ; resides in Fitch- 
burg, Mass. Mr. Hutchinson is express messenger from Fitch- 
burg to Boston on the New York, New Haven and Hartford R. 
R. Children: 1. Hazel Foster Hutchinson, born Feb. 6, 1884; 
2. Margaret Isabel Hutchinson, born Nov. 3, 1885. 

Edward S. Foster, born Oct. 22, 1833; married, 1st, Nov. 
13, 1862, Louisa A., daughter of Joseph and Prudence 
(Bowen) Alexander; she died May 13, 1876; he 
married, 2d, Nov. 1, 1878, Helen L., daughter of 
Nehemiah and L^^dia C. (Benjamin) Adams. 

I. Frank E., born Feb. 13, 1865; died vSept. 12, 1872. 

II. Leon W., born Sept. 3, 1871; died Dec. 4, 1891. Committed sui- 

cide 1)3' shooting. 

Andrew S. Foster, born in Ashburnham, Mass., Dec. 1, 
1836; married, Sept. 13, 1862, Lizzie S., daughter of 
Joseph and Adeline (Chase) Hale, born in Winchendon, 


Mass., Aug. 29, 1844; died April 2, 1895. Settled on 
the Allen place in 1877. 
I. Arthur E., adopted son, born March 31, 1871. 

Joseph M. Foster, born in Sheldon, Vt., Sept. 10, 1840; 
married, July 22, 1865, Luna A. Wright, born in 
Enosburg, Vt., Feb. 15, 1841. Children born, i to v, 
in Montgomery, Vt., vi to x, in Troy. 

I. Edmi'nd E., 1)orn Jiuie 13, 1866; married Lilla E. Kice. One child, 

Elsie L., Ijorii Sept. 9, 1894. 

II. Alma R., born Oct. 28, 1861; married Albert Potter; resides in 

Gardner, Mass. Children; 1. Hnrold \V. Potter, born Sept. 17, 
1891; 2. Ethel M. Putter, born Jan. 7, 1894; 3. Gladys E. Pot- 
ter, born July 22, 1895. 

III. LoNA E., born Sept. 5, 1870; married, Aug. 18, 1892, Charles M. 


IV. Jesse A., born March 30, 1.S73. 

V. Arlin E., born Nov. 10, 1875. 

VI. Cornelius C, born April 26, 1878. 

VII. Alice M., born May 12, 1880. 

VIII. Nellie L., born Sept. 9, 1883. 

IX. Lillian M., born May 2, 1886. 

X. Martha B., born Dec. 2, 1888. 

Charles Freeman, born 1856; married. May 30, 1880, 
Eliza Palidee, who was born October, 1863. 

I. Abhie, born Aug. 13, 1882. 

II. Arthur, born Nov. 11, 1884. 

III. Charles, born June 26, 1887. 

IV. Henry, born June 15, 1889. 

V. Frank, born June 23, 1891. 

VI. Leon E., born Sept. 28, 1892. 

VII. Edna K., born Jan. 10, 1895; died June 2, 1896. 

VIII. Bertha Edna, born March 1, 1897. 

Alfred Freeman, married, February, 1881, Louisa Pali- 
dee, born December, 1868. 

I. Malvina, born Sept. 4, 1883. 

II. Eva, born Jaiu 1, 1889. 

III. Mary Alice, born April 23, 1892. 

Stephen Freeman, married, Oct. 14, 1890, Mary Barron. 

I. Mary Urella, born Feb. 29, 1892. 

II. Ina Frances, born Nov. 15, 1893. 

Joseph French is supposed to have come from Attle- 
borough, Mass., where his grandfather settled about 


the year 1720. He located in the northeast part of 
what is no^v Troy, on the farm now owned by Joseph 
Haskell. He resided there until about 1808, when he 
sold his farm to Hezekiah Hodgkins and removed to 
Ludlow, Vt. 

I. Akkthusa, married, June 5, 1S04-, Josc])!! Mason, Jr., of I)iil)lin. 

II. Sarah, married, Jan. 1, liSOO, Samuel Thurston of" Marll)orou,<;li ; 

died March 2, 1839. 

III. Bridget, married, June 23, 1803, Jonas Knight of Fitzwilham ; 

died Oct. 13, 1804. 

IV. Vrvling, died Nov. l^, 1804-, aged 25. 

David Frost, son of Sylvester Frost of Marlborough, born 
Aug. 11, 1818; married, Aug. 29, 1843, Abigail T., 
daughter of Stephen and I*olly (Wright) Wheeler, and 
commenced housekeeping in the Jacob Boyce house. 
Mr. Frost came to Troy with his father, March 28, 
1827. He was employed in the store of Dexter Whitte- 
more, in Fitzwilliam al:>out three years, and commenced 
trade in Troy, in April, 1841, and continuing until 
1851. He moved from Troy to Fitchbin"g in 1853, 
where he died Dec. 22, 1872. 

I. Abrv Ann, born in Troy, Nov. 16, 1840; died Dec. 15, 1851. 

II. Roger Perley, born in Fitchburg, Oct. 11, 1854. 

Fitlle;r. John Fuller, the first ancestor of the families 
in Troy bearing this name, was one of the first settlers of 
Cambridge Village, now Newton, Mass. He was born in 
1(311, and settled there about 1644, and was one of the 
largest land owners in the village, owning upwards of one 
thousand acres. This land at his death was divided 
among his five sons, who lived to the following ages : 
John, 75; Jonathan, 74; Joseph, 88; Joshua, 98; Jere- 
miah, 83. The "History of Newton" says that twenty- 
two of the descendants of John Fuller went into tlie army 
of the Revolution. He died Feb. 7, 1698-99; and his 
widow, Elizabeth, died April 13, 1700. His son John, 
born 1645; married, 1682, Abigail Boylston ; settled in 
Newton, and had nine children, among whom was Isaac, 


born Nov. 22, 1695; married Abigail , and had among 

others, Abijah, born June 1, 1723; married Lydia Riciiard- 

son of Ne\vton. 

Elijah Fuller, son of Abijah and Lydia (Ricliardson) 
Fuller, was born in Newton, Mass., Feb. 11, 1766; 
married Lucretia Smith, born in Holden, Alass., about 
1765. He came here in 1797, and settled on West 
Hill. Mr. Fuller died in 1822. His wife survived him 
and died in 1863, at the ripe age of 97. 

I. Isaac, born in Hvibbardston, Mass., Nov. 14-, 1794. 

II. Martha, Ijorn Dec. 14-, 1797; married Abel Garfield, died in Keene, 

HI. LvDiA, born June 9, 1800; died March 11, 1811. 

IV. LrCRETi.\, born .\iis;. 1, 1805; married Jolin E. Jackson; removed 

to Vermont. 

V. Elij.ah, born .\pril 6, 1808; fell into scalding water and died Jan. 

12, 1812. 

VI. Harriet, l)orn April 21. 1810. 

Capt. Isaac Fuller, a brother of Elijah, 1)orn in Newton, 
Mass., 1775; married Patty Howe of Holden, Mass., 
where he resided a short time before coming here in 
1797. He died in 1819, perishing in a storm while 
returning home from the village, one stormy- night in 
the \vinter of that year. 

I. Am ASA, born in Holden, Dec. 7, 1797. 

II. Lucretia, born Jan. 11. 1800; married Ezra Alexander; died June 

11. 1873. 

III. Pattv, born Sept. 6, 1802; married David Jackson of Wallin.oford, 

Vt.; she was killed by lightning, Sept. 3, 184-7. 

IV. Xa.ncv, born Jan. 11, 1805; married, Aug. 17, 1823, .\ndrew Sher- 

man, who died May 26, 1871 ; resided in Keene. 

V. DoROTHV. born April 5, 1807; died June 22, 1807. 

VI. vStilemax, born July 22, 1808; died March 16, 1809. 

VII. Lvi)I.\. born F~eb. 9, 1810; married Rufus Jackson; resides in Wal- 

lingford. Vt. 

VIII. Isaac, born Aug. 3. 1812; died July 3, 1814. 

IX. Harriet, born Feb. 28, 1815; died Sept. 14. 1818. 

X. Eliza, born June 28, 1817; married Sherman; resides in Brook- 

field, Mass. 

Isaac Fuller, eldest son of Elijah, born Nov. 14-, 1794; 
married, Feb. 7, 1818, Temperance Hinckley of Barn- 
stable, Mass., born Nov. 11, 1792. He lived some 


years with his father, ])ut in 1830, moved into the 
Josiah Wheeler house, where he resided two years, then 
came to the village, where he died Dec. 14, 1833. 

I. Martha H., born March 15, 1819; married Pek\2; Slicnnan of 

Mount Holly, Vt. 

II. Isaac Richardson, Ixini Ausj. IH, 1820; married Laura Jackson of 

Mount Holly. 

III. LvniA, born Jxine 12, 1822; married Winthrop Knight; died Nov. 

12, 1866. 

IV. William, bom March 15, 1824; died .\pril 12, 1825. 

V. Charles, born April 13, 1827; died Fell. 1, 1832. 

VI. Harriet E., bom Nov. 1, 182'.); married Joseph E. Lawrence; died 

Sept. 20, 1892. 

Amasa Fuller, son of Capt. Isaac, born Dec. 7, 1797; 
married, 1st, Anna, daughter of Jonathan and Delilah 
(Rhodes) Bemis ; she died Jnne 19, 1826. Mr. Fuller, 
married, 2d, Jan. 11, 1827, Hannah Jackson of Wal- 
lingford, Vt., born Nov. 5, 1803. Mrs. Hannah Fuller 
died April 5, 1845; and Mr. Fuller, married, 3d, Oct. 
2, 1845, Mrs. Mary (Knight) Hager of Troy, born 
Feb. 14, 1802; died in Troy, Jan. 20. 1867; he married, 
4th, Mrs. Lovey P. Kidder, born Oct. 6, 1813. He 
died in Swanzey, July 18, 1879. 

I. IsA.\c, li(jrn in Troy, Autj. 10, 1819. 

II. Elmira, bom April 9, 1822; married, July 16, 184-6, Stephen Har- 

ris; died in Swanze}', May, 184-7. 
in. Anna, born Feb. 14, 1826; died Nov. 23, 1826. 
IV. A daughter, born June 11, 1828; died July 18, 1828. 
v. A son, born April 29, 1829; died April 30, 1829. 
VI. Elvira, born Sept. 21, 1830; died March 6, 1833. 
vii. A daughter, born March 1, 1832; died March 6, 1833. 
viii. Amasa, born Sept. 28, 1833; mnrried, Sept. 13, 1855, (Tcorgiannn 

U. Taylor of Winchendon, 1)()rn Sept. 13, 1834; she died July 4, 

1896. One child, Edward S. (adopted son). l)om in Wincliendon, 

June 25, 1866; died April 6, 1886. 

IX. Levi A., born May 4, 1836. 

X. A son, born July 31, 1838; died same day. 

XI. Erwln J., lK)rn Sept. 19, 1839; married, vSept. 16, 1865, Czarina W. 

Jacol)s, liorn in Royalston, June 8, 1841; resides in Winchendon. 
Three children. 

Isaac Fuller, son of Amasa, born Aug. 10, 1819; mar- 
ried, Dec. 12, 1843, He])zil)ah, daughter of Abel and 
Martha (Fuller) Garfield. He died Nov. 7, 1866; and 


she married, 2d, Dec. 8, 1870, Asa B. Clark ; she 
married, 3d, Dec. 2, 1875, Samuel B. Aldrich; she died 
in Keeiie, May 4, 1895. 

I. JiLiA M., born Feb. 4, 1847; married, July 16, 1868. Edwin F. 

Stock\Yell of Keene; died July 28, 1868. He died April 26, ISli. 

II. George E., born Dec. 13, 1850; married, Jan. 24, 1872, Mattie A., 

daujjbter of Lnther and L3'dia S. (Harris) Alexander. 

III. Frederick A., born Sept. 2, 1853; married, April 8, 1874, Fannie 

M. Blanding, born Ajjril 24, 1853; she died ; married, 2d, 

June 1, 1887, Carrie Cram of Gardner, Alass. One child, Whifred 
/.. born Oct. 29, 1875. 

IV. Andrew I., born Sept. 22, 1858; married, Oct. 18, 1876, Bessie A., 

daiiqhter of Harve\' S. and Adaline B. Gates; resides in Swanze}'. 
One child. /(/fe M.. born March 14. 1879. 

Levi A. Fuller, son of Amasa, l:)orn Alay 4, 1836; mar- 
ried, 1st, Feb. 22, 1860, Elvira L., adopted daughter 
of Joseph Bemis of Ashburnham, born June 4, 1839; 
died Nov. 15, 1865. He was elected deacon of the 
Congregational church in Marlborough, Oct. 30, 1874; 
Air. Fuller married, 2d, (3ct. 30, 1866, Emily L., 
daughter of Dr. Willard and Anstris (Joslin) Adams of 
Swanzey, born July 28, 1848. 

I. Cora A., born June 24, 1862; died July 27, 1862. 

II. Elmer A., born Dec. 27, 1863; married Wilson. 

III. Ida E., born Nov. 16, 1871; married Fred J. Farrar. 

IV. Walter T., born July 6, 1876. 

V. .Vrthcr Levi, born July 2, 1882. 

VI. Cora .\.\stris, Ijorn July 2, 1887. 

Garfield. The Garfields of this country are mosth^ 
descendants of Edward Garfield, one of the earliest propri- 
etors of Watertown, Mass. He married, 1st, Rebecca , 

the mother of his children. She died April 16, 1661, aged 
55; and he married, 2d, Sept. 1, 1661, Johanna, \vidow 
of Thomas Buckminster of Brookline. He died June 14, 
1762. His youngest son, Benjamin, born 1643, married, 
1st, Mehitable Hawkins, who died Dec. 9, 1675; and he 
married, 2d, Jan. 17, 1677-78. Elizabeth Bridge. He was 
representative of Watertown nine times between 1689 and 
1717. He died Nov. 28, 1717. Thomas, son of Benjamin 


and Elizabeth (Bridge) Garfield, born Dec. 12, 1080, settled 
in Weston, Mass., where he married, Jan. 2, 1706-7, Mary, 
daughter of Joshua and Elizabeth (Flagg) Bigelow, who 
died Feb. 28, 1744-45. He died Feb. 4, 17v52. His son 
John, born Dec. 3, 1718, married, 1744-45, Thankful 
Stowell. He died May, 1767. 
John Garfield, son of John and Thankful (Stowell) 

Garfield, born in Weston, Mass., Oct. 11, 1751; 

married, July 6, 1775, Lucy Smith of Weston, and 

settled first in Lincoln, where ten of his children were 

born. He came here about 1792. 

I. S.\K.\H, born Ajn-il 11, 1776; married Richard Davis; died in Vermont. 

II. John, born Oct., 1777; married Luc}^ Davis; died in Londonderry, Vt. 

III. Abraham, born June 12, 1779; married, Oct. 6, 1805, Eunice. 

daughter of David and Eunice (Whitney) Thurston. 

IV. Lucy, born Feb. 19, 17S1 ; married Easman Alexander; (bed April 

23, 1866. 

V. Samuel, born April S, 1782; died in New York. 

VI. James, born April 18, 1784-; died in 184-1. 

VII. Thomas, born Sept. 29, 1785; married, Sept. 1, 1811, Lois Cobb; 

settled in Londonderry, Vt. 

VIII. Isaac, born July 7, 1787; married Submit .Mexander. 

IX. Thankful, born May 1, 1790; married Israel Davis; settled in 

Montgomery, Vt. 

X. Abel, born April 20, 1792. 

XI. Elijah, born June 14, 1794; married Polly I'ierce; died in New ^■()rk. 

XII. Enoch, born Oct. 26, 1796. 

XIII. Abigail, born Nov. 10, 1798; married Newell Day; settled in Wni- 

xiv. Hepzibeth, born Nov. 10,1798; married Amos Ray ; settled in (iardner. 

Abel Garfield, son of John, born April 20, 1792; married, 
1822, Martha, daughter of Elijah Fuller, and located 
on the home farm with his father. 

I. (iKOKGE Washingto.n, boru Jan. 14, 1823. 

II. Hepzibah, born March 2, 1825; married, 1st, Isaac Fuller; married, 

2d, Asa B. Clark; married, 3d, S. B. Aldrich ; died May 4, 1895. 

III. Chancy N., born Jan. 21, 1828. 

IV. Sarah W., bcn-n Jan. 21, 1832; married .Viulrew J. Aliiricli ; dieil 

Jan. 10, 1891. 

V. Martha L., bom Dec. 23, 1.S39; married, Dec. 23, 1857, Delano II. 

Sibley; died in Newtonville, Mass., Oct. 4, 18S,S. One child 
recorded bf)rn in Troy; 1. Lcouoni Sihicv, born Jidy 1, 1S()(). 

VI. Mary A.x.x, born Jan. 1, 1842. 


George W. Garfield, son of Abel, born Jan. 14-, 1823; 
married Angeline Aldrich, Nov. 4, IS-AT; she died April 
11, 1851; married, 2d, Oct. 31, 1862, Augusta L., 
daughter of George and Louisa (Jones) Harvey; she 
died May 27, 1878; married, 3d, March 24, 1879, 
Victoria A. Barton. Air. Garfield went to Marlbor- 
ough in 1851, and was for a short time in company 
with Isaac Fuller in the manufacture of l)oxes, after 
whicli he was station agent at Alarlborough Depot 
five years. He then moved to the village and was 
associated with Elisha O. Woodward in a store three 
years. He removed to Keene in 1862, where he was 
freight agent for the Cheshire Railroad four years ; then 
removed to Lawrence, X. Y.. in 1867, where he Avas 
for nine \'ears engaged in the pail and butter-tub 
business; returned to Keene in 1876, where he now 

I. Wi.NFRED (i., Ijorn in Marlboron.^h, .\i)ril 27, 1854- ; died April 4, 1859. 

II. Daughter, born Nov. 26. 1859; died Nov. 29, 1859. 

III. Willis S., (adopted son), born in Troy. March 6, 1866; married. 

.\ng. 14-. 1889, Belle Wright; resides in Marlborough. 

Chancy X. Garfield, son of Abel, born Jan. 21, 1828; 
married, 1st, Sept. 6, 1853, Maria, daughter of Erastus 
Brown. Airs. Garfield died April 16, 1866; and he 

married, 2d, ; died Jan. 1-1, 1875; married, 


I. Ida AL. born Oct. 6, 1854; died Oct. 13, 1862. 

II. Edith A., born Jan. 8, 1857; died Sept. 13, 1861. 
HI. Xkllil F., born June 25, 1859; died Sept. 9, 1861. 
IV. , born Jan. 4, 1864. 

v. Son, born March 6, 1866. 

Enoch Garfield, son of John, born Oct. 26, 1796; married, 
Jan. 9, 1823, Lucy, daughter of Hezekiah Hodgkins, 
and located on a farm which he purchased of Enoch 
Metcalf, and formerly owned by William Nurse. Mrs. 
Garfield died Dec. 29, 1854; he' died May 30, 1883. 

I. Eliz.xbeth Ann, born Dec. 21, 1816; married Charles Scholley of 

Gardner, Mass., Oct. 10, 1843. 
It. Sally H., born Nov. 22, 1823; died Jan. 10. 1828. 
m. Amos, born July 22. 1825; died Feb. 19, 1845. 


IV. Sarah H., born May 11, 1S2S; married Lorenzo Dexter. 

V. LuNEV A., born July 8, 1S33; married Daniel J. Fife; died Dec. 1, 


Austin B. Gates, son of Levi and Parmilla (Porter) Gates, 
was born in Marlborough, March 8, 1821; married, 
Sept. 19, 1844, Samira, daughter of Joseph M. and 
Fannie (Brigham) Forristall, born Oct. 31, 1823; died 
May 26, 1882; Mr. Gates died Nov. 23, 1895. They 
resided in Fitchburg, until 1846, when they returned 
to Troy, and for a time was engaged in manufacturing 
clothespins at the mill recently owned by A. W. Stock- 
well. He returned to Fitchburg in 1881, and after the 
death of his wife he lived with his daughter, Mrs. 
Page, and in 1893, went to Clinton, Mass., where he 
died. He was a stonecutter by trade, and worked at 
his trade after leaving the mill until failing eyesight 
caused him to give it up. 

I. Annetta M., born Sept. 10, 184-6; married, Sept. 8, 1864, Warren 

B. Hubbard of Ro3-alston, Mass.; resides in Athol, Mass. 

II. Isabel V., born Dec. 2, 1850; married, Oct. 6, 1875, Walter F. 

Page of Fitchburg. Children: 1. Max Everett Page, born April 
24, 1880; died same day; 2. Christine Samira Page, horn March 
4, 1883; 3. Roland Everett Page, born July 12, 1884. 

Harvey Strong Gates, was born in St. Johnsbury, Vt., 
May 31, 1827; married, July 27, 1850, Adaline Boyn- 
ton Read, born in Concord, Vt., July 2, 1833. Chil- 
dren born, I, II, in Kirby, Vt., in, in Lyndon, Vt., iv, v, 
VI, in North Concord, Vt., vii, in Keene. Mrs. Gates 
died June 20, 1897. 

1. .\EnEKT Clarence, born May 19, 1851; died May 7, 1852. 

iL E.MMA Jane, born April 24, 1853 ; married, 1st, George W. Gee, who 
died; married, 2d, Irving Brooks. 

lu. Betsey Ann, born Nov. 13, 1855; married Andrew I. I'uller. 

IV. Flavilla Elvira, born March 13, 1859. 

V. LiLLLW Genevieve, l)orn June 13, 1861; married. May 8, 1883, 

John H. Wentworth of Wendell, Mass. Children: 1. Harold E. 
Wentworth, born July 7, 1885; 2. Helen A. Wentworth, l)orn 
March 5, 1887. 

VI. Mary (tERTRUDE, Ijorn June 26, 1864; married Walter H. Wheeler. 

VII. Harvey Ernest, born Jan. 29, 1870; married, Jan. 6. 1892, Lula 

A., daughter of William J. and Jane P. (.\ldrich) Boyden. One 
child, Ralph Ernest, born Nov. 7, 1896. 


GoDDAKD. "Godard, a proper name, derived from the 
Saxon of God or Good, and the Dutch of Nature, signify- 
ing one endowed with a compHant and divine disposition 
of mind. Goodiard is perhaps a variation of the same 
naine. Dr. Goodiiird lived in England, and was chaplain 
to the Earl of Warwick at St. Paul's Cross A. D. 1470." 
— (Bailey's Dictionary.) 

Solomon Goddard was a descendant of Edward God- 
dard, farmer, who was born and lived in Norfolk County, 
England ; was once very wealthy, but afterwards much 
reduced by oppressions during the civil war. Being on the 
Parliament side, his house was beset and demolished by a 
company of cavaliers, who also plundered his house. He 
escaped through the midst of them in disguise, but died 
soon after. William, the seventh son of Edward, married 
Elizabeth Miles and settled in London, where he carried 
on an extensive trade. He came to New England in 1665, 
for the purpose of securing a debt, and the plague then 
raging in London was probably the occasion of his con- 
cluding to tarry here, and he sent for his wife and children, 
who came over in 1666. They had six children born in 
London, three of ^?^hom died young; the other three came 
to New England, viz: William, Joseph and Robert. They 
had also six children born in Watertown, Mass., where 
they settled, but three of these only grew to manhood, 
viz: Benjamin, Josias and Edward. Edward was born 
March 24, 1675, married Susannah Stone in 1696, and 
settled in Framingham, where he was employed several 
years as a schoolmaster, at a salary of forty pounds per 
annum, and subsequently distinguished himself in some of 
the most responsible offices, being frequently selectman 
and moderator, for a long series of years town clerk, and 
for several years representative in the General Court. He 
had nine children, seven sons and two daughters. Edward, 


the eldest son, was born May 4, 1698, married Hepzibah 
Ilapgood ; was one of the first proprietors and owned five 
rights in the town of Shrewsbury, Mass., and died there 
Oct. 13, 1777. He had twelve children; David, the third 
son, was born Sept. 26, 1780; married Margaret Stone 
of Watertown and settled in Orange ; had seven children, 
four sons and three daughters; John, the youngest son, 
was born April 30, 1768; married Hannah Forristall, by 
whom he had fourteen children. Solomon, the second son, 
was born May 2, 1796, and resided with his parents 
during his minority and learned the trade of a potter in 
his father's shop. 

Solomon Goddard, born May 2, 1796; married. May 9, 
1821, Sarah, daughter of Ebenezer Nurse. He came to 
Troy in 1817, and commenced work in a pottery then 
owned by Daniel W. Farrar, and which stood in the 
forks of the road near the house owned by Mrs. Gilbert 
Bemis. Later he entered into partnership with Jona- 
than B. French, who, in 1821, built the house since 
known as the Winch house. Capt. Goddard resided in 
the house purchased of Joshua Harrington, Jr., until 
1839, when he built the brick house on the premises 
now owned by Miss Flavilla Gates. Mr. Goddard 
died Jan. 4, 1854. 

I. Elliott, bom Dec. 24, 1823; married, Aug. 11, l.S-17, Mary Nor- 
cross of Royalstoii, Mass. He located in Tro^^ xintil 1852, when 
he moved to Boston. The following 3'ear he returned to Troy, 
and in lS5-t he removed to Keene, and later to Charlestown, 
Mass. Children: 1. Edwin M., born May 2, 1849; 2. Mary 
Elizabeth, born April 24, 1858. 

IL JosiAH E., born Feb. 19, 1825; died July IS, 1846, in Manchester, 

iiL Sarah L., born Aug. 15, 1830; graduated at Mt. Holyokc Female 
Seminary, 1851 ; married A. M. Caverly, M. D. 

Mrs. Godding, ^dow of John, Sr., had eight children, four 
sons and four daughters, came from Attlel)orough, 
Mass., about 1779. 

L John, nmrried Mary Robbins of Warwick, Mass. About 1805 the 
family removed to Wallingford, Vt., and later to the western part 


of New York. Children: 1. Hannnlh born May 5, 17S3; 2. 
Mary, born July 12, 1785; S.John, bom June 3, 1788; 4-. Ase- 
imth, born July 13, 1791; 5. Asa, born Dec. 1, 1793; 6. Levi, 
born Sept. 27. 1797. 

Timothy Godding, another son, married, 1790, Ruth 
Robbins, sister of his brother John's wife; she died in 
Troy, Nov. 7, 1854; he died in Winchendon, March 7, 

I. William, born Nov. 1, 1790; resided in Hector, N. Y. 

II. REimccA, born April 21, 1793; died Oct. 10, 1799. 

III. Alvah, born Nov. 5, 1796. Was a prominent physician in Win- 

chendon, Mass. 

IV. RrFus, born Ang. 8, 1799; resided in Burke, Vt. 

V. Ira, born March 5, 1802; married, Dec. 5, 1833, Eliza White, who 

died Oct. 28, 1849; he died Dec. 10, 184-9. One son, Rufus, 
resides in Winchendon. 

VI. LoNEV, born Aug. 29, 1804; died Feb. 24, 1833, unmarried. 

VII. Philinda, born Feb. 18, 1807; died yovmg. 

Thomas Goodali. was born in Dewsbnry, Yorkshire 
County, England, Sept. 1, 1823, and when less than 
three years of age was left an orphan. He served an 
apprenticeship in a large manufacturing establishment 
in his native town, eleven years. At the age of twen- 
tj'-three years he came to America, and after a brief 
stay in Connecticut he went to South Hadley, Mass., 
where he obtained a good position. He married, April 
29, 1849, Ruth, daughter of Jeremiah Waterhouse. 
The manufacture of horse blankets in America was 
first commenced in Troy, and Mr. Goodall was the 
originator of the business. He came here in 1852 and 
engaged in the manufacture of satinets and beavers. 
At this time the only horse blankets in use were 
imported and square in shape, and observing the diffi- 
culty experienced in keeping these blankets on a horse, 
he conceived the idea of having them made with straps 
and buckles attached, and also having them cut so as 
to fit better. During the war of the Rebellion he 
added to his business the manufacture of army 
blankets, many bales of which he presented to the 
Union soldiers in Confederate prisons. In 1865, he 
sold out, and feeling the need of rest after twenty 



years' application to business, he ^vent with his family 
to England, resolved to take an extended vacation. 
But being of an active disposition he conld not long- 
remain idle, nnd shortly after his arrival in England, 
began the exportation of lap robes, v^hich were largely 
manufactured there, for sale in this countrv. While 

engaged in this business he made a number of trips to 
this covmtry, and feeling that the policy of the United 
States would encourage manufactures of all kinds, he 
concluded to begin the business of making* lap robes, 
carriage robes, etc., hei'c, the manufacture of which 


had not been previously attempted in this country. 
He selected Sanford, Maine, as a suitable location and 
])urchased the entire mill privilege. In October, 1867, 
he moved to Sanford with his family. Many difficul- 
ties were at first experienced, for the production of 
this class of goods required new and complicated 
machinery, and besides, the English manufacturers, of 
whom he formerly bought, hearing of his project tried 
in every way to discourage it ; but by means of 
machinery of his o^vn invention, by superiority of 
design, color and quality of his robes, he soon estab- 
lished a foothold and succeeded in driving nearly all 
of the foreign robes from the American market. Start- 
ing w^ith but the germ of a plant, development soon 
followed, due entirely to the brains, energy and skill 
which were brought to bear upon it, until twelve large 
mills are now included in the plant, giving many acres 
of floor space and providing employment for over seven 
htmdred hands. Millions of blankets and robes are 
turned out each year, and thousands of pieces of furni- 
ture and car plush. Though accounted one of the 
shrewdest and most successful of business men, nature 
endowed him with a kind disposition, and to those 
w^hom he finds worthy and deserving of his charity, he 
is ever ready to extend a helping hand. Few have in 
a quiet way dispensed more charity, and the poor in 
the community in which he lives have reason to 
remember his liberality. Several years ago he resigned 
his position as president of the Sanford Mills corpora- 
tion, and sought rest and relaxation in retirement 
from business, his three sons, Ernest, Louis and 
George, having proved themselves fully competent to 
look after his interests and their own as well. 

I. Louis, born Sept. 23, 1851. 

II. (iHOKOE, born Sept. 23, 1851. 

III. Eknkst M., born Aug. 15, 1853. 

IV. Ida Makv, l)()ni Aug. 15, 1858; died Oct. 5, 1862. 

V. Lki.a H., l)orn Jan. 23, 1864- ; died 1860. 

Elnathan Gorham, married Eliza, daughter of Nathan 
Wheeler of Fitchburg, Mass., for his third wife. He 


kept the public house, now the Monadnock Hotel, 
about 1816 ; four years later he went to Ohio, where 
he died Sept. 10, 1824. Mrs. Gorham married Moses 
Hayden, who was clerk for many years for S((uire 
Farrar. She died Aug. 18, 1863. He had two chil- 
dren by Eliza. 

I. Eliza W., 1)oni in Oakham, Mass., Nov. 14-, 1817; married, 1st, 

June 16, ISl'J, Georo;e Baker of Chelsea, Mass.; married, 2d, 
Earle Clark. 

II. Charles, born 1820; died near Panama, 1856. 

Charles H. Gove, son of Levi and Olive F. Gove, born in 
Hartland, Vt., May 19, 1836; married, March 9, 1860, 
Thankfid, daughter of William and Thankful (Sawyer) 
Sebastian of Swanzey, born Aug. 11, 1834. Came to 
Troy in 1871. Mrs. Gove died March 26, 1896. 

I. William S., born June 22, 1861 ; married, 1st, Oct. 5, 1882, Mabel 

D., daughter of Lyman W. and Mary Ann (Brockway) Bowker 
of FitzwilHam, born July 11. 1860; died Sept. 23, 1883; married, 
2d, Nov. 14, 1885, Jennie L. Byron. Children: \. John Henry, 
born March 15, 1887; 2. Orrie Maude, born Oct. 14-, 1889. 

II. Maude M., born May 1, 1863; married, Aug. 2, 1881, Walter S. 

Savorj' of Boston. Children: 1. Norma B. Savory, born Se])t. 
20, 1881; died Sept. 2, 1890; 2. Thomas Charles Savory, born 
March 12, 1883. 

III. Levi, born July 9, 1866; married, Pel). 4-, 1897, Mary E. Lynch of 


MiNOTT W. Greenwood is the son of William W. and 
Sarah (Hardy) Greenwood, and was born in Marl- 
borough, July 30, 1854; married, June 23, 1878, Ida 
A. Wallace of Milford, N. H. Mr. Greenwood came to 
Troy, from Milford, in 1891, in the employ of Troy 
Blanket Mills. The following year he purchased of J. 
W. Raymond a lot on the muster field and built his 
present residence. 

I. Clara Burns, born Dee. 5, 1879. 

II. Elsie Mav, born Oct. 21, 1886. 

Benjamin F. Grosvenor was a native of Felham and 
married Mary J. Titcomb of the same town. He was 
a hatter by trade and came to Troy in 1831, and 
commenced making hats in the house now owned by 
Trov Blanket Mills, called the tinshop house. He 


formed a partnershi]) with Edward Tolman, and built 
the house in 1832, afterward occupied by Thomas 
Goodall, now owned by C. W. Brown's heirs. The 
following year he sold his interest to Tolman and went 
to New Boston, where he resided one year, and then 
went tf) Hillsborough Bridge, but returned to Troy in 
1836, and resumed the business of hat making. In 
1837 he built a shop w^hich stood for some years near 
what is now the stable belonging to this place, and 
which was afterwards removed and converted into a 
dwelling house. He removed froin Troy to Dracut, 
Mass., in 1842, and afterwards to Mcthucn. He had 
three children. 

I. M.\KV Jaxk. 

II. H.\X.NAH, A. S. D. 

III. Josephine. 

JoHX Gri.mes, son of Alexander, born in Keene, Jan. 1, 
1819; married, March 12, 1846, Mary Louise, born in 
Tyre, X. V., March 10, 1820; died in Troy, July 9, 
1859. Mrs. Grimes came to Keene at the age of four 
years and resided there most of the time until her 
marriage. Air. Grimes' father left his native town, 
Pelham, X. H., with his father, John Grimes, when a 
boy and located in Keene. He was a grandson of 
Alexander Graham, who is supposed to have been a 
Scotch immigrant, and came to this country about the 
year 1740; and who died in the town of Xew Boston 
at the advanced age of one hundred ^^ears. Mr. Grimes 
was for several \'ears station agent for the Cheshire 
Railroad company-. 

XiCHOLAS Grimes, born in Dublin, Ireland, Aug. 1, 1831; 
and came to Troy when about fourteen ^-ears of age, 
and has lived in this vicinity- ever since. For many years 
was emplo3'ed in the tanneries in Fitzwilliam and Troy. 
Married, Aug. 25, 1855, Ellen Supple, who was born in 
Cecilstown, Ireland, March, 1830; died March 26, 1894. 

I. Maro.vret Ellen, bom .\iig. 5, 1856. 

II. \ViLLi.\M He.nkv, born April 4, 1858; married Mary Ann McGuire 

of Claremont. Cliildren: 1. Francis Ellen, born April 12, 1883; 
2. William Xicholas, ))orn June 15, 1884. 


III. John Nicholas, born Sept. 17, l.SGl. 

IV. Katiihkine Elizabeth, born Sept. 22, 1S66; married, June 19, 

1895, Thomas J. Winn of Harrisville. 

V. Francis Supple, born Oet. 21, 1868. 

OzRO J. Hale was born in Winchendon, Alio-. 20, 1S4-1 ; 
married, Dec. 9, 1865, Lucy A., daughter of Joseph 
and Mary Ann (Thurston) Kendall, born in S\vanze\% 
March 5, 1843. Children born, i, in Winchendon, ii, 
in Rindge, in, iv, vii, in Troy, v, vi, in Royalston. 

I. Peklev .\., born Oet. 19, 18()G; married, Ang. 20, 1890, Edith M., 

danjihter of D. Warren and Naney Ann (Piper) Farrar. Children: 
1. Dorothy Hazel. l)orn Mareh 2-i, 1892; 2. Carl Victor, Ijorn 
Feb. 4, 1894. 

II. Eva Mary, born Jan. 2,"!, 18()9; married, Sept. 28, 1892, Ehner E. 

Ward; died Mareh 18, 1893. One chikl, Eva Hale Ward, Ijorn 
March 4, 1893. 

III. Ida Frances, born June 24, 187(1; married, Sept. 25, 1895, WilHani 

R. Gordon Carson. One ehild, Ina Carson, liorn March 23, 1896. 

IV. Susie Clara, born Sept. 5, 1872; married, Juh- 16, 1895, Eldridge 

X. Dow. 

V. JuNiE Etta, born June 1, 1874; married, Nov. 19, 1894, Elliot L. 


VI. Harry Norman, born Aug. 12, 1875. 

VII. Florence Mabel, born Aug. 17, 1888. 

John F. Hale, son of John D. and Abigail (Wright) Hale, 
born in Sw^anzey, Sept. 5, 1857; married, Sept. 3, 
1885, Chloe E., daughter of Nelson W. and Jennie M. 
(Brooks) Rice. 

I. Elmer Fr.\nklin, born April 13, 1886. 

II. Jennie Ella, born Aug. 30, 1887. 

III. Melvin, born Jan. 5, 1890. 

IV. Loretta, born Dee. 31, 1893. 

v. Edwin Ellsworth, born March 27, 1896. 

Edward L. Hardy, born in Harrisville, June 28, 1854; 
married, April 17, 1878, Adah P., born Sept. 28, 1858, 
daughter of Alvin B. and Sarah (Bennett) Chase. 
Came to Troy in 1883, in the employ of E. Buttrick & 
Co., and later, Troy Blanket Mills, where he has been 
enijjloyed for the last eight or nine years as engineer. 
He ])urchased of Jose])h W. Raymond a lot on the old 
"muster field" in 1889 and built his present residence. 

I. Florence Anice, born May 4, 1882. 

II. Effie Estfzlla, born Aug. 22, 1889. 



Harrington. Robert Harrington, probably the emi- 
grant ancestor, was one of the early proprietors of Water- 
town, Mass., where he died Ma^^ 17, 1707. He married, 
Oct. 1, 1649, Susannah George, born 1632; died July 6, 
1694. They had thirteen children of whom was 

Thomas, born April 22, 1665; married, April 1, 1686, 
Rebecca, daughter of John Beniis and widow of John 
White; resided in Watertown. They had six children of 
whom the eldest was 

Ebenezer, born June 27, 1687; died 1753; settled in 
Waltham, Mass., and from thence removed to Framing- 
ham about 1709; married, Feb. 3, 1708, Hep/cibah, 
daughter of Peter Clayes of Framingham. They had nine 
children of whom the fifth was 

Joshua, born Oct. 11, 1718; married, 1st, Jan. 11, 
1743, Sarah, daughter of John and Bathsheba (Rugg) 
Nurse. She died without issue, and he married, 2d, Oct. 
3, 1751, Betty (Reed), widow of John Bent of Framing- 
ham; she died March 18, 1784; he died Nov. 24, 1784. 
Thev had four children, John, Sarah, Joshua and 

Joshua Harrington, son of Joshua, born Sept. 13, 1755; 
married, Nov. 21, 1780, Elizabeth, daughter of Asa 
and Mary (Newton) Brigham, who died Feb. 15, 1823, 
aged 66 years; he died Sept. 20, 1834. 

I. Anna, born June 29, 1781; married William Marshall; died Feb. 

16, 1857. 

II. Daniel, born Dec. 15, 1782; married, Jan. 24-, 1809, Mary, born 

April 11, 1786, daughter of Jesse and Martha Forristall of Fitz- 
william; removed to Vermont where he died, and the widow 
returned to Fitzwilliam, where she died June 23, 1819. 

III. Bktsey, born April 18, 1784; married, Jan. 10, 1805, Asa Stowell, 

son of Abijah ; removed to the West. 
lY. Joshua, born Sept. 29, 1785. 

V. Elijah, born April 23, 1787. 

VI. Sally, born June 17, 1789; died Feb. 1, 1800. 

VII. Polly, baptized June 12, 1791 ; died May 7, 1833, unmarried, 

VIII. Lyman, baptized March 2, 1794; died Feb. 1, 1800. 



Joshua Harrington, son of Joshua, born Sept. 29, 1785; 
married, 1st, June 2, 1808, Nelly Gates of Dublin; 
married, 2d, Ruth Hall, sister of his first wife. In 
1820, he removed to Alstead and in 1850 from thence 
to Pittstown, N. Y. 

I. Sally, l)orn May 6, 1S09; died nnniarried. 

n. LvMAN, born May 5, 1811; married Mary Wilbur, who died Feb. 
21, 1873, aged 63; he died Ang. 20, 1866. One child, Nellie 
Jane, adopted daughter; died April 20, 1861, aged 5. 

iiL Eleanor, born May 23, 1813; married Josiah Bridge of Lowell, 

IV. Joshua, born Aug. 26, 1815; married R. M. Wright of Winchendon; 

he died in California, Sept. 4, 1849. 

V. Leonard B., born March 7, 1818; married Eunice (irant of Lyme, 

New Hampshire. 
VL Charles, born May 9, 1820; married Rachael Evans; lived in Ohio, 
vn. Lucy Ann, born July 22, 1822; married Nathaniel Adams of Marlow. 
viiL George P., born Jan. 10, 1824; married the widow of his brother 

IX. Mary Jane, born Aug. 27, 1826; married Stephen Adams. 

Elijah Harrington, son of Joshua, born April 28, 1787; 
married, 1st, Feb. 1, 1810, Prudence Newell; she died 
June 3, 1827, and he married, 2d, Mrs. Tabitha Tol- 
man. He died May 15, 1870. 

Harri.ngton Pi.ack a.s Owned by Spaulding. 


Nelson P., born Jan. 4, 1811 ; died at sea. 

John, born March 5, 1812; married Emily Capron of Jaffrey. 

Alonzo Brigham, born April 9, 1815. 

Daniel, born Jan. 20, 1817. 

Patty, bom March 31, 1819. 


VI. Elizabeth, born April IG, 1823 ; married Ford of Concord ; died 

in 1857. 

VII. Jacob Newell, Ijorn Jan. 4, 1827. 

VIII. Arbee Read, died Aug. 20, 1833, aged three 3'ears. 

IX. Frances E., died June 22, 1837, aged five years. 

Alonzo B. Harrington, son of Elijah, born April 9, 1815; 
married Betse\', daughter of John and Irene (Newell) 
Lawrence, In 1857, he bought a part of the Ichabod 
Sha^v farm of Welcome Ballou, and afterwards resided 
on that place. He died July 9, 1866. After his death 
the family went to Marlborough to reside. 

I. Edward, Ijorn March 15, 1833; died March 27, 1856; unmarried. 

II. Charles B., born April 23, 1837; died April 20, 1859; unmarried. 

III. Eliza Jane, born Oct. 13, 1839; died June 13, 1840. 

IV. Adliza, born June 17, 1841; died July 21, 1842. 

V. Sarah A., born Jan. 23, 1843; married Monroe Dickey; resides in 

Worcester, Mass. 

VI. Di'ane C, born July 6, 1846; married, Alarch, 1876, Marietta, 

daughter of Frederick and Sarah Hannaford of Cape Elizabeth, 
Me.; resided in Fitchburg; died Dec. 14, 1895. 

VII. NovES G., born Oct. 13, 1848; married, 1877, Ellen L., daughter of 

Artemas and Lovina (Bemis) Richardson; resides in Worcester, 
Mass. Children: 1. Arma Lovina, born in Leominster, Ajiril 17, 
1878; died in Marlborough, July 25, 1878; 2. Charles Brigbain, 
born in Marlborough, Aug. 14, 1879; 3. Noyes E., born in Leom- 
inster, March 24, 1882; died in Troy, Aug." 25, 1882. 

VIII. George, l)oni July 8, 1851; married, Oct. 24, 1883, AdaHza H. 

Chase, born in Newport, N. H., Dec. 31, 1849. One child, Marion 
Irene, born Jan. 13, 1891. Is engaged in trade in Antrim, N. H., 
under the name of Harrington & Kibbey, general merchandise. 

IX. Irene L., born Oct. 13, 1855; married, Oct. 13, 1880, Rev. Millard 

F. Hard3' ; resides in Townshend, Vt. 

Jacob N. Harrington, son of Elijah, born Jan. -1, 1827; 
married, Oct. 25, 1849, Betsey T., daughter of Timo- 
thy and Mary (Jones) Fife. She died May 29, 1868. 

I. Addie, born Oct. 23, 1850; died. 

II. Edgar H., born Aug. 5, 1852; married Iris E. Nash. One child. 

Bertha L., b(n-n April 2, 1879. 

III. Charles, born Dec. 13, 1854. 

IV. Marv J., born July 25, 1857; died July 23, 1862. 

V. Martha M., born Se])t. 10, 1859; married Currier; resides in 

Andover, N. H. 

VI. Frank W., l)orn .Vug. 15, 1861 ; died in Passaic, N. J., Feb. 22, 


VII. Lizzie V., l)<)rn July .3, 1865; died Nov. 15, 1895; biuMied to death 

caused liy clothing taking fire from a lamp. 



Christopher Harris was a native of Rhode Island. He 
spent his minority in the town of Richmond. In 17S7, 
lie married a young lady also from Rhode Island, and 
continued to reside in Richmond until 179G, when he 
came here and purchased the tavern formerly owned by 
Jonathan Ball. About 1811, he removed to Rocking- 
ham, Vt., where died in 1828. 

I. Polly; married Henry Tolman. 

n. Li'KE. 

in. James; married Eviiiice Foster. He was killed Ijv the ears at the 
depot in Tro^-, 1856. 

IV. Daniel, settled in Cortland, N. Y. 

V. Oliver, settled in Plymouth, Mass. 

VI. Nancy; married Barak Coolidoe; died in Sterling, Mass. 

VII. Joseph; married Mary Wheeler; removed to Miehigan. 

Luke Harris, son of Christopher, married, 1st, 1812, 
Mary, daughter of John and Mary (Jones) Whitney. 
After his marriage he 
lived with his father a 
few years and then 
moved into the Whipple 
house, where Charles 
Haskell now lives. Mrs. 
Harris died in 1816; 
and he married, 2d, 

1817, Betsey Whitney, 
a sister of his first wife ; 
she died 1858-59; and 
he married, 3d, July 9, 
1861, Hannah Blood of 
Nelson ; he died in Nel- 
son, Feb. 3, 1872, aged 
81 years, 2 months. In 

1818, he bought the 
farm on which Josiah 
Lawrence first settled, 
and lived there five and 
one-half years, then sold 
the farm to William Lawrence, and moved into the 
Thomas Tolman house, now owned by G. H. Aldrich, 
in 1824. The following year he built for Salmon 


LuKK Harris. 


Whittemore the house now owned by E. P. Kimball, 
and a few years later bought the pail shop bviilt by 
Moses Curtis, which stood below the old tannery, and 
commenced making pails. In 1828-29, he bought of 
Jonathan B. French the house now kno^vn as the 
Winch house, where he lived luitil 1836, when he sold 
his pail shop to Charles Coolidge, and his house to 
Nathan Winch, and moved into the house he built for 
Whittemore. He bought the Harrington gristmill and 
water privilege. He took the gristmill down and 
commenced immediately to build a factory, which was 
completed the following year, and used to manufacture 
woolen cloth. The business did not prove successful 
and he moved to Sterling, Mass., in 184-1, where he 
resided five years, then went to Richmond, where he 
lived imtil 1858, when he went to Nelson. Children, 
I to III, by first marriage, iv to xi, by second marriage. 

I. J.\MES Madison, born May 24, 1812; died February. 1S16. 

II. Mary Ann, Ijorn Oct. 30, 1813; married Jabez Butler. 

III. Martha, born March 25, 1816; married, June 16, 184-4', Heman 

Kendall, son of Heman and Submit (Tuttle) Kendall of Sterling, 
Mass.; and died there -Vug. 7, ISSl. Children: 1. Nathan Henry 
Kendall, bom Sept. 15, 184.6; died Ai)ril 15. 1860; 2. Heman 
Prentice Kendall, born May 28, 1856; married (irace E. Shattuck 
of Sterling. 

IV. Susan, born March 20, 1818; died 1839. 

V. Sarah W.. born Oct. 23, 1819; married Isaac \V. Holbrook. 
Yi. Nathan W.. born March 5, 1821. 

VII. Ferdinand, born March 28, 1824; died 1825. 

VIII. Isabella, born March 28, 1824; died 1825. 

IX. John W., born Sept. 15, 1828. 

X. Isaiah, born Jan. 13, 1831 ; resides in Missouri. 

XI. Caroline Elizabeth, born Feb. 14, 1833; married Minot R. Phil- 

lips of Nelson. 

Stephen Harris was the son of Stephen Harris who came 
from Gloucester, R. I., and settled in Richmond; mar- 
ried Charlotte, daughter of Jesse Ballou. He was born 
Sept. 25, 1790; married, 1st, March, 1816, Patty, 
daughter of Daniel Ball, born March 4, 1793; died 
Sept. 24, 1852; married, 2d, Sally, widow of Joseph 
Whitcomb of Swanzey, who died Jan. 7, 1875. He 
came to Troy in April, 1819, and resided a short time 







with his father-in-law, Daniel Ball. He moved to 
Swanzey in 1820, residing there for about eighteen 
years when he returned to Troy. After the death of 
his first Avife he lived in Richmond for a time but 
finally returned to Troy, where he died July 17, 1861. 

Elisha, born Sept. 29, 1817; died 1846. 

Stephen, born Oct. 24, 1820; married, Jidy 16, 1S46, Alniira Fidler. 

WiLL.\RD, born June 3, 182.3. 

William A., born Aug. 29, 1825. 

Lucv, born Feb. 16, 1829; married, June 2, 1852, Welcome Ballon. 

LvDiA, born Sept. 9, 1832; married Luther Alexander. 

\Vii,i,iAM .\. Harris. 

William A. Harris, son of Stephen, born Aug. 29, 1825; 
married, Oct. 25, 1849, Sarah E., daughter of Timothy 
Fife. After his marriage he resided a short time on his 



father's farm, hut afterwards purchased and H^-ed for 
several years on the farm no\v owned Ijy Arthur J. 
Edwards, and later ])urchased the Crosby place in the 
village, where he lived until his dejith, July 10, 1885. 
Mrs. Harris died July 28, 1897. 

WiLLi.XM F., born Sept. 11, 1852; died same day. 

Fked .\., born May 13. 1856; married, Oet. 2, 1878, Ida E., 
daughter of James S. and Betsey (.\tlierton) Bliss, who was born 
in Whitingham, Vt., Avig. 11, 1858. Children: 1. Bertha M., 
born in Jacksonville, Vt., Dec. 16, 1878; 2. Leon A., bom in 
Troy, July 31, 1880; 3. Robert E., born in Keene, April 3, 1889. 

Reside.xce of Mrs. S. E. H.\rris. 

HI. \ViLLi.\M H., born Sept. 18, 1857; married, Sept. 23, 1882, Lizzie 
M., daughter of .\sa and Sophronia L. (Gould) Davis of Stod- 
dard, who was born March, 1858. Children: 1. Lil.'ian A., born 
in Sullivan, Dec. 20, 1885; 2. Oscar (}., born in Sidlivan, June 
16, 1895. 

IV. AuKiLL.i M., born Oct. 2, 1859. 

V. Fk.\nk S., born March 16, 1862; married, 1st, May l(i. 1889, 

josie H., daughter of Thomas B. and Fannie Burns of Fitzvvil- 
liam ; married, 2d, Oct. 11, 1893, Addie E., daughter of Zophar 
and Betsey H. (Ctdver) Willard of Harrisville, who was born 
Jan. 1, 1857. One child, Myrtle F., born Aug. 28, 1890. 

Benjamin F. Harris is the son of Joseph Harris of Fitz- 
william. formerly of Saugus, Mass., where he was born 
1838; married, 1st. Alarch 31, 1863, Abbie J., daugh- 
ter of Nathan and Julia (Martin) Whipple of Fitzwil- 
liam. Mr. Harris lived for some vears on the farm 


now owned 1)y Nahum Green. Mrs. Harris died Octo- 
ber, 1885, and he married, 2d, May 25, 1887, H. 
Maria, daughter of Bowman and Cynthia (Whitcomh) 

I. Cora A., born Jan. 5, 18G4; married, Nov. 25, 1SS4, John M. 

Farnham of Lancaster, N. H. 

II. Charles H., boi-n Nov. 10, 1865; married, 1st, May 8, 1888, Olive 

S. Eaton of Worcester, Mass. ; she died Ang. 24, 1892, and he 
married, 2d, Dec. 17, 1893, Ida Brownhill of Worcester. 

III. Herbert F., born July 28, 1868; died June 14, 1885. Drowned 

in Bowkervilie pond. 

IV. Mabelle G., born Oct. 15, 1873; married, Oct. 21, 1891, Fred 

Clough of Lancaster, 
v. Lester F., born Sept. 22, 1876. 
VI. Florence G., born May 15, 1881. 

Abner Haskell, a native of Harvard, Mass., came here 
about 1778, and located near w^here James Carpenter 
lives; married, Feb. 21, 1759, Martha, born April 18, 
1739; died Feb. 8, 1817, daughter of Phineas and 
Mary Ward of Marlborough, Mass. ; Mr. Haskell died 
April 4, 1809, aged 73 years. 

r. Martha, married Jose])h Farwell of Lancaster, A'lass. 

II. Joseph. 

III. Levi, born July 20, 1769; died Nov. 22, 1830. 

IV. Sally, married Benjamin Brij^ham of Fitzwilliam. 

Joseph Haskell, son of Abner, came to Marlborough, 
about the year 1803, and located a little southwest of 
Monadnock Mountain, on the third New Hampshire 
turnpike. A stage from Keene to Boston passed over 
this road daily, Sundays excepted, and Mr. Haskell 
opened a public house. He also became an extensive 
landholder. He married. May 10, 1787, Mehitable, 
baptized, Oct. 14, 1771 ; died Oct. 29, 1824, daughter 
of Major John and Deborah (Winch) Farrar; he died 
Jan. 7, 1825, aged 62, from injuries received by being- 
thrown from his wagon the previous fall. 

I. Patty, born Aug. 26, 1778; died Jan. 5, 1840; married William 

IL Nancy, born Aug. 21, 1791; died June 20, 1824; married Josiah 

HI. Joseph, born Alarch 24, 1794. 

IV. William, born June 28, 1796. 


v. Eleanor Brown, born Nov. IH, 17t)S; married, Jan. 14', 1817, 
Peter Tarbell of Grafton, Vt. ; died 1877. 

VI. Abner, born March 11, 1801. 

VII. Alpheus, born July 30, 1804; died Oct. 21, 1805. 

VIII. John, born March 19, 1807. 

IX. H.\RRIET, born Nov. 15, 1809; married Alanson Barber. 

X. Henkv, born July 20, 1812. 

Joseph Haskell, son of Joseph, born March 24. 1794; 
married, April 2, 1818, Ruth, born Oct. 28, 1796, 
daughter of David and Esther (Bruce) White, and 
settled first in Troy. In 1828 he bought his father's 
farm and tavern stand, and lived in Marlborough till 
1845-46, when he returned to Troy, where he died 
April 18, 1865; his widow died Aug. 21, 1879. 

I. Marv Ann, born in Troy, May 21, 1820; died in 1822. 

II. Eliza Ann, born in Troy, Nov. 14-, 1822; married Cyrus Thompson; 

died Aug. 8, 1896. 

III. Eleanor, born in Tro}-, Jan. 12, 1824; married, Sept. 28, 1843, 

George A., son of Abel Nutting, born Feb. 19, 1817; resided in 
Marlborough; died Dec. 4, 1895. Children: 1. George Henry 
Nutting, born Nov. 15, 1857; 2. Sarah Jane Nutting, born April 

29, 1859; married George Howe; 3. David Wheeler, born Se]:)t. 

30, 1862. 

IV. Marv, born in Troy, May 21, 1826; married Abel W. Baker. 

v. LvMAN, born in Marlboroi:gh, vSept. 21, 1828; died March 27, 1829. 

VI. Harriet, born in Marlljorough, Nov. 11, 1830; married William 


VII. Joseph, born in Marlborough, Aiig. 6, 1832. 

VIII. Maria, born in Marlborough, Aug. 4, 1834; married David Wheeler. 

IX. Sarah, born in Marlborough, June 12, 1839; married, 1st, June 19, 

1867, Allison G. Howe of Peterborough, who died March 3, 
1872; married, 2d, Oct. 19, 1881, Lemuel \V. Brown, who died 
Aug. 30, 1890. One child, Nellie Ada, born in Peterborough, 
Aug. 28, 1871; died Feb. 18, 1888. 

X. Lucy Jane, born in Marlborough, Feb. 9. 1841 ; married, Oct. 27, 

1869, John E., son of Stillman and Etinice (Buttrick) Woodward 
of Marlborough; resides in Fitchburg. Children: 1. Willie S. 
Woodward, born March 20, 1874; died Sept. 1, 1878; 2. Gerty 
May Woodward, born Jan. 25, 1877. 

William Haskell, son of Joseph, Senior, married, Oct. 20, 
1818, Sarah, daughter of David and Esther (Bruce) 
White of Fitzwilliam. He resided on the homestead 
for several years and then came to Troy, where he 
died Jan. 26, 1841; his widow died in 1892. 


I. EzEKiEL, born Feb. 6, 1820. 

II. Joseph, bom Oct. 16. 1822. 

III. Alonzo, bom Feb. 16. 1824; married. Sept. 10, 1852, Betsey Mar- 

shall of Jafitre^v. 

IV. Albert, bom March 10. 1826; died Aug. 6, 1846. 

V. S.\RAH Ann, bom Feb. 26, 1830; married, 1st. Corbett Fosgate; 

he died and she married. 2d. Horace Knapp; resides in Win- 
Yi. Lydia, born March 6. 1832; married, 1st. .\ddison A. Marshall; mar- 
ried, 2d, John H. Congdon. 

VII. Mary, born June 29, 1834; married Augustus A. Adams; resides in 


VIII. Charles, born May 14, 1841. 

Abner Haskeli., son of Joseph, Senior, born March 11, 
1801; married, May 3, 1823, Lanra Lawrence. After 
his marriage he resided in Marlborough some three or 
four years, and then came to Troy, where he died Sept. 
1, 1847; his widow died 

I. Orrick L., born in Marlborough, Nov. IS, 1825. 

II. Mary A.nn, born in Troy, Sept. 12, 1829; married, Sei)L. l(», 1S47, 

Joseph N. Forristall. 

III. Henry A., bom in Troy, July 8, 1834; died June 21, 1843. 

IV. Elizemann M.. born in Troy, Nov. 14, 1838; died Oct. 30, 1840. 

Orrick L. Haskell, son of Abner, born Nov. 18, 1825; 
married, March, 18v5(), PvHzabeth W., daughter of 
Nahum and Mary Ward ; resides in South Keene. 

I. Andrew L., born in Troy, March 11. 1851; married, Dec. 15, 

1874, Annie M. Lord, born I-\-l). 21. 1848. 

II. Lizzie A., born June 30, 1854; married, Nov. 24, 1S74, James Higgs 

of Lowell, Mass. 

III. r.EORGE H., born April 6, 1856; married, Oct. 2, 1S78. Nellie .\n- 

drews of Chesterfield. 

IV. Maria A., born Oct. 21, 1857; married, Nov. 8, 1880, iMimk H. 

Strickland of Winchendon. 

V. Eva M., born June 28, 1860. 

Henry Haskell, youngest son of Joseph, Senior, born 
July 20, I8I2"; married, Feb. 14, 1838, Martha, 
daughter of George and Naomi (Starkey) Farrar, and 
settled in Troy, but removed to Marlborough, March 
1, 1841, and located in the southeast ])art of the 
town, where he lived until 1859, when he removed to 
Winchendon. He served eighteen months in the War 


of the Rebellion. Children, all but the first born in 
Marlborough; died 1891. 

I. Henry George, born Jan. 15, 1839; died Jan. 28, 1840. 

II. M.\RTHA Ann, born March 18, 1841; died Aug. 17, 1843. 

HI. .\lbert H., born June 4, 1849; killed Jan. 29, 1877, while engaged 
in running a circular saw in Merriam's mill in Westminster, 
Mass. He left a wife and one child. 

IV. T.\rbel p., born March 19, 1854. 

V. Fr.\xk E., born March 20, 1856; died Oct. 27. 1875. 

Joseph Haskell, son of Joseph, Jr., born Aug. 6, 1S32 ; 
married, Sept. 25, 1858, Mary Jane, daughter of Bailey 
and Betsey (Clark) Starkey. Children born, i to in, 
in Marlborough, iv to yl in Troy. 

I. Ei.MER Ellsworth, born June 26, 1862; married, Oct. 2S, 1893, 

Angle A., daughter of Edward C. and Caroline .\. (Spooner) 

II. W.vLTER Joseph, born Oct. 12, 1864. 

III. Arthur Herbert, born Sept. 2, 1866; married, Sept. 9, 1895, 

Mary M., born July 21, 1872, daughter of Elijah T. and Ella A. 
(Bennett) Platts of Jaffrey. One child. Rnlph Platts, born May 
27, 1896. 

IV. Ett.\ Vix.\, born Jan. 29, 1868; married, Nov. 21, 1895, Elliott \V. 


V. Nellie Jane, born Nov. 18, 1872; married, Jan. 16, 1895, Ernest 

F. Dean. 

VI. Ressie Anna, born Feb. 2, 1878; married. May 28, 1897, Fred E. 

Whitcomb of Fitzwilliam. 

EzEKiEL Haskell, son of William, born Feb. 6, 1820; 
married, 1st, Mirantha Demary of Rindge; married, 
2d, Mrs. Jane Lawrence of Troy ; died Sept. 23, 1834. 
Children born, i to in, by 1st marriage, iv, v, by 
2d marriage. 

I. Flora E., born ; married E. Locke of Athol, Mass. 

II. Nelson W., born . 

III. .\bhie N., born ; married (jilcs. 

IV. Fred E., born Aug. 20, 1866. 

V. Hattie a., born May 13, 1868; married Bert Hale; resides in 


JosE-PH Haskell, son of William, born Oct. 16, .1822 
married, 1st, Anna Bemis of Southborough, Mass. 
married, 2d, Teresta T. Ray of Shutesbury, Mass. 
married, 3d, Mrs. Ermina S. Rice of Jaflfrey. Mr. 
Haskell is a regular ordained minister of the Baptist 


denomination and during the early ]iart of his Hfe held 
several pastorates. 
Charles Haskell, son of William, born May 14, 1840; 
married, Jan. 1, 1868, Mary Alice, born in Peter- 
borough, April 10, 1844, daughter of John A. and Haskell. 

Charlotte D. P. (Richardson) Allen. Mr. Haskell is 
quite well known as a dealer in horses, having followed 
the business, more or less for twenty years, and has 
also done something in training and driving horses 
upon the track. He has also followed the business of 
auctioneer, having commenced in Boston when about 


eighteen years of age. He was proprietor of the Kim- 
ball House for seven years, bnt about ten 3'ears ago 
he purchased the B. F. Perrj- place in the village where 
he has since resided. 

I. Mary Alice, bom Nov. 6, 1S68; married, May 17, 1892, Herbert 
D. Gee; resides in Winchester. Children. 1. Retta May Gee, 
born Dec. 23, 1893; 2. Marion Louise Gee, born .\pril 15, 1897. 

Herrick. The traditions of this very ancient family 
claim their descent from Ericke, a Danish Chief, who 
invaded Britain about the year 911, during the reign of 
Alfred, and, having been vantjuished by that prince, was 
compelled, with his followers, to re-people the wasted 
districts of East Anglia, the government of which he held 
as a fief of the English crown. 

In an attem])t to unite the Danish ])Ower in Britain 
against the Englishmen, Ericke was defeated by Edward, 
the son and successor of Alfred, and was subsequently 
slain by his own subjects for alleged severalties in his 

The Norman invasion found this name represented by 
Eric, the forester, who resided in Leicestershire, and was 
an extensive landholder. Eric raised an army to repel the 
invaders ; and in the subsequent efforts of the English 
earls and princes to dispossess the Normans of their recent 
conquest, and drive them out of the country, he bore a 
prominent jiart. But he shared also in the unfortunate 
issue of all these patriotic efforts. His followers and allies 
were stripped of their estate, and the sources of his own 
power were dried up ; and being no longer in a condition 
formidable to the new government, Eric \vas taken into 
favor by William, the Concjueror, who intrusted him with 
important offices about his person and in the command of 
his armies. In his old age, he was permitted to retire to 
his house in Leicestershire, where he closed his stormy and 
eventful life. The estate was given him bv William, the 


Con([ueror, for military services, about the year 1080. 
His descendants occupied the estate without interruption 
for nearly eight hundred years. 

Henry Eyryk, a lineal descendant from Eric, the fores- 
ter, was seated at Great Stretton, in the count}' of Lei- 
cester, England, at a very remote period. His grandson, 
Robert Eyryk of Stretton, by his wite Joanna and William, 
who bore the title of Sir William Eyr^-k, Knight of Stret- 
ton. He was commissioned to attend the Prince of Wales 
on his expedition into Gascony, 1355. F'rom him dCvScended 
Robert Eyrick of Houghton, who \vas living in 1450. 
Thomas Eyrick of Houghton settled in Leicester, and died 
in 1517. His second son, John Eyrik, or Heyrick, born 
1513, married Mary, daughter of John Bond, Esq., of 
Ward End in Warwickshire. He died April 2, 1589, leav- 
ing a large family, among whom was William, born 1557. 
He was a member of Parliament from 1601 to 1630, 
Knighted 1605, and was knowm as Sir William Herrick of 
Leicester, London, and Beau Manor Park. He married, 
1596, Joan, daughter of Richard May, Esq., of London; 
died March 2, 1652-53, aged 96. Henry, the fifth son of 
Sir William, was born at Beau Manor in 1604, and was 
named by command of the imfortunate Prince Henry, 
eldest son of James I. His sponsors were Sir David Murry, 
Sir John Spillman and Lady Aston. He came to this 
country and settled in Salem, Mass., in 1629. He married 
Editha, daughter of Mr. Hugh Laskin of Salem, and became 
the ancestor of the numerous race by that name in this 
country. He died 1571, leaving seven sons and a daugh- 
ter, who are named in his will. Of these, Thomas and 
Benjamin, the eldest and the youngest of the sons, and the 
daughter, Elizabeth, died childless. The other five sons 
are regarded as the patriarchs of their respective branches 
of the posterit}' of Henry and Editha Herrick. They are 


known in history as Zacharie of Beverly, Ephraim of Bev- 
erly, Joseph of Salem, John of Beverh', and George of Salem. 

Joseph of Salem, baptized, Aug. 6, 1645; died Feb. 4, 
1717-18; married, 1st, Sarah Leach, who died about 
1764; married, 2d, Mary Endicott al)out 1677. 

Joseph, son of Joseph and Sarah (Leach) Herrick, born 

April 2, 1667; married Elizabeth ; died Sept. 11, 1749. 

Benjamin the second son of Joseph, was born April 14, 
1700; married, Nov. 27, 1720, Lydia Hay ward ; died 
1773, at Methuen, Mass. He had a large family of whom 
the tenth was Nathaniel, baptized, Oct. 31, 1736; married 
Susannah Messer of Methuen, who died Nov. 7, 1807, 
aged 74; he died 1807. He had Nehemiah, born Sept. 16, 
1775; married, 1st, Sarah Day, who died; married, 2d, 
Nov. 29, 1832, Abigail Hall. Inherited an estate in 
Alethuen from his uncle, Thomas Herrick ; died 1844. He 
had six children of whom the third w:as Jonathan S. 

Jonathan Symonds Herrick, son of Nehemiah and Sarah 
(Day) Herrick, was born in Derry, N. H., April 20, 
1810; married, 1st, Jan. 3, 1843, Maria S. Whitier, 
wdio died 1845; married, 2d, March 4, 1846, Martha 
K. Richardson, who died in 1852; married, 3d, April 
20, 1853, Sarah Richardson; he died Dec. 8, 1895. At 
an early age his parents moved to Methuen, Mass., 
settling upon a farm which his father inherited from 
his uncle, Thomas Herrick. This farm now forms a 
part of the city of Lawrence. Here he passed his boy- 
hood and youth. At the age of seventeen he became 
converted and united with the Baptist church in Me- 
thuen. On coming of age, he became desirous of fitting 
himself for the ministry, and took measures to secure 
an education. He attended the high school in Haver- 
hill, Phillips Academy- , Andover and Dartmouth College. 
He supported himself w^hile studying by teaching com- 
mon schools and singing schools, and, at times, working 
at shoemaking. He left college in his junior A^ear, to 



take charij^e of the Baptist ehiireh at West Norwich, 
Vt., where he was ordained September, 1840. He held 
pastorates in Hudson, N. H., T\nigsboroiigh. Mass., 
Warner, Rnniney and Hanover, and came to Troy in 
December, 1864, as pastor of the Baptist church, \vhich 
he held for about fourteen years, or until late in the 

Rev. J()x.\th.\.\ S. Herrick. 

\vinter of 1879, when feeble health com])elled him to 
resign. Mr. Herrick was always interested in educii- 
tional matters, and especially in the schools of Trov, 
serving as superintendent of schools for a good many 
years. He was a Christian gentleman in the truest 
sense of the word and was honored and respected by 
the entire communitv. 


I. Aktihk S., died 1S4-5. 

II. Maria E., born in Warner, X. H., Dec. 19, 1846. 

III. James D., born in Warner, X. H., June 4, 1848. 

IV. Martha J., born in Warner, X. H., Feb. 11, 1850; married, Sep- 

tember, 1876, Rev. Fred A. Thayer, a Congregational minister, 
who died in Onincy, Ills., March, 1883. 

V. Daniel F. R., born in Rnmney, X. H., Jan. 10, 1852. 

Oliver Hawkins, born in Winchester, Feb. 6, 1801 ; mar- 
ried, Sept. 1, 1824. Johannah H. Foster, and resided 
two 3'ears in his native town. He became a citizen of 
Troy in Sept., 1826. Soon after comin<? here he bought 
the location now owned by Mrs. AIdcI J. Burpee, and 
resided there until March, 1851, when he removed to 
Rindge, and later to Fitzwilliam. The last few years 
of his residence here he was one of the firm of Goddard, 
Buttrick & Co., in the manufacture of tubs and pails. 

I. Lrcv F., born July 3, 1826. 

II. Johannah, born April 15, 1828; married, 1st, Aug., 1847, Willard 

Holt, who died ; married, 2d, June, 1857, Jesse Pike. 

III. Ann Lany. born Oct. 18, 1830; married, Nov., 1852, Alfred R. Harris. 

IV. Fanny, born Sept. 9, 1832; married, Alay, 1854, Alfred T. Colony. 

V. Xancy E., born June 10, 1834; married, Xov., 1S5S, Xatlian B. 

Bout well. 

VI. Oliver P.. born July 21, 1836. 

viL Marshall P., born March 8, 1S39; served in the Third Regiment, 
X. H. v.. in the War of the Rebellion; resides in Minneapolis, Minn. 

VIII. SrsAN A., iKM-n Feb. 22, 1845. 

IX. John H., born July 14, 1846. 

Andrew Heberts, born in Canada, June 20, 1847; mar- 
ried, Aug. 28, 1868, Josephine P'reeman, born in Vermont, 
Aug. 12, 1849. 

I. Bertha L., born in Canada, Dec. 7, 1871; married. Aug. 21, 1886, 

Daniel Enright, born Aug. 1, 1865. Children: 1. Cora Mabel 
Enright, born June 2. 1887; 2. Xorman Edward Enright, born 
Aug. 1, 1895. 

II. Oscar L., born July 28, 1873; married, Sept. 10, 1894, Katherine 

Shehan. One child, EHHda Sybil, born Feb. 28, 1896. 

III. Minnie E., born Aug. 20, 1875; married, Oct. 1, 1894, Edward 

McOuade of Marlborough. 

IV. Ida M., born Sept. 12, 1878; married, June 18, 1895, Edmund H. 

Tenney. One child, Ellsworth Edwin Tenner, Iiorn Aug. 4, l€S96. 

V. Abbie E., born Oct. 12, 1880. 

VI. Isabelle p., born March 2, 1882. 

VII. Wilfred J., horn A])ril 30, 1884. 

CtExealogical register. -4-51 

VIII. Melyix S.. bom Feb. 25, 1887. 

IX. Clifford D.. bom Nov. 8, 1889. 

X. Olive E.. bom Sept. 4. 1893. 

Hezekiah Hodgkixs was bom in New Ipswich; married 
Lydia. daughter of Pelatiah Cummings. He died Oct. 
4, 1821, aged 64. His widow died April 3. 1S43, 
aged S3. 

I. Stephen, bom 1782; married .\rethusa Corbiii. March 20, 18(»7: 

died ill Albany, X. Y., 1827. 

II. Pelatiah. bom 1784-. 

III. Sarah, bom 1786: died 1817. 

IV. LvDiA, bom May 21, 1790; died the same year. 

V. Amos, born July 25, 1792; died the same year. 

VI. LrcY. bom Nov. 15, 1793; married Enoch (Tarfield ; died Dec. 29. 


VII. LvDiA. born 1796; married. Oct. 5, 1815. Joseph Corbin of Rochester. 

X. Y.; died 1817. 

VIII. Aaron, bom April 25, 1797. 

IX. Elizabeth, born June 7, 1804; died 1812. 

X. Sarah, bom 1810; married Almon Wright. 

Pelatiah Hodgkixs, son of Hezekiah, born 1784; married, 
Oct., 1814, ]Mehitable Adams of Jaffrey, and settled on 
the homestead farm, nov\- owned by Joseph Haskell, 
where he lived until his death. July 11, 1860. His wife 
died July 29, 1860, aged 72. 

I. AiGusTis, born Xov. 12. 1815; died Oct. 29, 1817. 

II. LvDiA, bom Aug. 30. 1818; died June 20. 1845. 

III. AiGUSTUS. 2d, bom June 29, 1820. 

IV. Sarah C, bom July 19, 1823; died March 8, 1826. 

V. Hezekiah, born Jan. 8, 1829; married. Died Sept. 14, 1875. One 

child, Angie Maria, bom Oct. 6, 1867. 

Augustus Hodgkixs, the second son of Pelatiah, was born 
June 29, 1820; married, 1st. 1858, Hannah J. Rose- 
brook, who died Feb., 1883; and he married. 2d. A]3ril 
14. 1883, Mrs. Elvira M. Leavitt of Twin Mountain, 
X. H. ; died Dec. 15, 1894. Mr. Hodgkins lived on the 
home farm until about 1865, when he purchased of 
Leonard Wright the place in the village where he 
resided until his death. He was one of the selectmen 
from March, 1862, imtil March, 1867; represented the 
town in 1869 and 1870, and was town clerk in 1873, 



1874 and 1875. He was a man of conservative prin- 
ci])les and sound judgment, and held the confidence and 
esteem of his fellow-citizens. 


Aaron Hodgkins, son of Hezekiah, born April 25, 1797; 
married, 1st, Dec. 30, 1821, Rhoda Perkins, who died 
in 1851; and he married, 2d, Jan. 15, 1852, Mrs. 
Alfreda T. Brown, widow of Erastus Brown, and 
daughter of Ezekiel Thompson of Swanzey. He died 
April 11, 1856; Mrs. Hodgkins died Feb. 4, 1873. 
After his marriage he located in a house near the mill 
formerly owmed by James R. Stanley. After residing 
there some years he bought the farm now owned by 
H. E. Mellen, where he resided imtil his death. 


I. Harriet A., Ijoni July 10, 1825. 

II. Christopher, Ijoni Jan. 6, 1829; married, Nov. 14, 1854, Mrs. 

Mellisa (Gnrnse^') Tenny ; resides in Marlborough. Children: 1. 
Leila E., born May 20, 1856; married Henry Metcalf; 2. Arthur 
C, born Aug. 31, 1857; 3. Eva M., born Aug. 4, 1859; died 
Aug. 24, 1864. 

III. Ambrose, born Jan. 20, 1831. 

IV. Marv, born Dec. 25, 1832. 

V. Frederick, born March 4, 1835. 

VI. Cyrus, born J;ui. 24, 1837. 

VII. Ermina B., born March 19, 1839. 

Aaron Holt, born in Holden, Mass., Oct. 27, 1776; 
settled in Troy in 1807; died in 1826, from the effects 
of a kick from a vicious horse. 

I. Aaron, born Jan. 25, 1801; died Jan. (5, ISIS. 

II. Joel, born March 30, 1803. 

III. JoTHAM H., born Feb. 22, 1805. 

IV. Dorothy, born Sept. 8, 1807; died 1812. 

V. MosES Wheeler, born July 6. 1810; died Sept. 21, 1813. 

VI. William, born Oct. 13, 1812; married, and went West; died in 

Newport, K3'. 

VII. Amos, born Dec. 20, 1814. At the age of nineteen he left home and 

joined the regular army, and served with credit to himself and 
country during the Florida war, under Gen. Winfield Scott, as one 
of his body guard. He carried to his death an honorable scar 
from a wound received during this campaign. After his discharge 
from the army, he moved to Somerset, Ky., where he taught school 
and married in 1844. In 1849, he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
entered into mercantile pursuits, and for man3' years was one of 
the leading merchants of the city. He died May, 1895. Children: 
1. Lucy; married T. J. Collins; 2. Sarah Frances; married W. 
B. Bemis ; 3. Lizzie. 

VIII. Dorothy, born Feb. 28, 1816; married John Pool of Jafifrey; died 

April 18, 1840. 

IX. Betsey, born March 16,1819; married Eri J. Spaulding; died Aug. 

8, 1849. 

X. Aaron, born July 15, 1821. 

XI. Lydia, born Nov. 16, 1825; married Henry Alaynard of Holden, 


Joel Holt, son of Aaron, born March 30, 1803; married, 
1st, Nov. 20, 1828, Thirza, daughter of Bezaleel and 
Abigail (Woods) Baker of Marlborough, and located 
in Troy. In 1835 he moved to Princeton, Mass., and 
resided there until 1858, when he bought the Baker 
place and again located in Troy. Mrs.. Holt died May 





17, 1861, and he married, 2d, Bathsheba- 

Holt died June 19, 1873. 

Marv B., born Sept. 8, 1829; died July 8, 1833. 


Thirza Maria, born March 8, 1832; died Jan. 16, 1851. 
El'MCE Abigail, born Nov. 11, 1834- ; married Alvin S. White of 
Shirley, Mass. 
IV. M.\RV Jaxe, l)orn Oct. 16, 1839; married William L. Beinis. 

JoTHAM H. Holt, son of Aaron, born Feb. 22, 1805; 
married, April 19, 1831, Miriam Bartlett of Berlin, 

JOTHAM H. Holt. 

Mass., who was born Nov. 26, 1804; he died July 2, 
1881. Mr. Holt resided about two and a half years 
on the Luther Whittemore farm, but in 1834, he 
purchased of Zopher Whitcoinb and heirs the Joseph 


Cutting farm, which he owned and cultivated tor many 
years, but finally disposed of it and came to the village 
to live. He was one of the prominent men of the 
town and had the confidence of his fellow citizens and 
was chosen to numerous positions of trust and respon- 

I. Ellen P., born March 8, 1S32; married, Jmie 22, 1853, Charles 
Lewis of Cincinnati, Oliio ; resides in Topeka, Kans. 

n. Milton J., born April 7, 1834- ; married, Dec. 27, 1864, Lodema 
Giddings of Cincinnati, Ohio. Children: 1. George E., born Jnly 
27, 1866; 2. Julian B., born .\pril 28, 1870; died March 6, 1897; 
3. Alice M., born Ang. 30, 1878. Went to New York city in 1868 
and has been engaged in the jjroduce commission bnsiness; resides 
in Hoboken, N. J. 

iiL Levi B., born Nov. 9, 1835. 

IV. S.\R.VH D., born Oct. 7, 1838; unmarried. 

V. Frederick A., born June 23, 1841 ; died March 11), 1842. 

VI. Joel, born Oct. 27, 1843. 

vii. Frederick, born Oct. 29, 1845; died Aug. 10, 1846. 
VIII. Edwin F., born Jidy 27, 1848. 

Levi Bartlett Holt, son of Jotham H., was born Nov. 
9, 1835; married, June 13, 1869, Cecelia Fish of 
Stockton, California. He went to California when 
young, and June 12, 1863, was enrolled as sergeant of 
Capt. Cook's Co. G, Sixth Regiment California Infantry, 
serving until Oct. 31, 1865, when he was discharged. 
The following spring he secured employment on the 
west side of the San Joaquin river, twenty miles south 
of Stockton, and later was engaged to tend the ferry 
near by. In December, 1868, in company with H. 
Fish, an uncle of his wife, he purchased the ferry. In 
1873 he also engaged in farming and stock raising 
near San Joaquin city. In 1875 he sold his interest in 
the ferr}^ and devoted his time exclusively to farming, 
stock raising and buying grain on commission. By 
energy and industry he soon became a leader in the 
commission business. In 1886 he rented his farm and 
moved to Stockton, devoting his time wholly to the 
grain business. After residing in Stockton a short 
time he v^as elected councilman, which office he held 
for two vears. He died Mav 16, 1889, from concussion 


of tlie brain, caused Ijy being thrown from his carriage 
while returning from his farm a few days previously. 
His sudden death caused widespread sorrow in the 
community in which he resided. 

Levi Bartlett Holt. 

Joel Holt was the fourth son of Jothara H. Holt and 
was born on the "Holt place," on West Hill, Oct. 27, 
1843. He attended the district school, and for a time 
was a private pupil of Dr. Caverly who found him to 
be an apt scholar. Later he attended Appleton Academv 
at New Ipswich, from which he graduated in 1864, 
the valedictorian of his class. Soon after he enlisted 
in the First New Hampshire Cavalry, serving in Troop 



G, from August, 1864, until June, 1865. After his dis- 
charge he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and studied law 
with Judge Storer of that city and was admitted to 
the bar. He soon after went to Kansas, his first set- 
tlement being made at Wathena, Doniphan county. 


Judge Joel Holt. 

whence he migrated to Mitchell, then a new county. He 
was early chosen to the bench, where he served to great 
acceptance. For two terms of four years each he served 
as judge of the fifteenth judicial district of Kansas, the 
second term being held b\^ the unanimous consent 
of the voters of that district. Afterwards he was 


appointed one of the associate justices of the supreme 
court of that state, the duties of vv^hich arduous and 
exalted position he discharged with impartiality and 
singular ability. He was at one time a prominent 
candidate for Congress in the northwestern section of 
the state, and although he made a strong fight was 
defeated. He was a thorough and profound lawyer 
and a inodel man, and was a leading citizen in that 
section of the country-, assisting in la^-ing solidly the 
foundations of lawful government and the institutions 
of society and religion. In all his public career he was 
revered as a man above reproach and of great ability. 
A kind and devoted husband and father and a 
Christian gentleman, always kind and gentle as a 
child and pure-minded ; no one who ever associated 
with him in business affairs or the social circles but 
felt better for the contact, and greater admiration for 
the strong but simple character of the man. His home 
was at Beloit, but he joined the great movement from 
Kansas to Oklahoma and had established himself at 
Guthrie, and had attained a fine standing at the bar 
in his new home when he was stricken down before 
reaching the prime of life. Although a sufferer for 
some time from chronic stomach trouble, his death was 
sudden and unexpected, and occurred at Guthrie, O. T., 
April 27, 1892. On being congratulated after the 
delivery of an address on the previous Meinorial Day, 
at his home, he remarked that he was gratified, not 
on his own account, but because he wanted his wife 
should hear him in such an address before she died, as 
Mrs. Holt at that time w^as not expected to live long; 
but we knov^ not the uncertainty of life, for at the 
next IMemorial Da}' observance his comrades were 
called upon to decorate his grave. He received the 
honorary degree of A. M. from Dartmouth College in 
1887. He was for a great man^^ years an active and 
consistent member of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Beloit. Married, 1870, Kate A. Blanchard, born Oct. 
6, 1846; died Aug. 18, 1894. 


I. Joel S., born Sept. 20, 1871. 

II. Kate M., born April 7, 1873. 

III. Milton, born Sept. 22, 1875. 

IV. Alice Wells, born Feb. 28, 1876. 

V. Anna Hayes, born May 8, 1877. 

Zalmon Howe came from Holden, Mass., about 1803. 
About 1837, he removed to Fitzwilliam, where he died 
Sept. 13, 1855, aged 87 years; he married Phebe Holt 
of Holden, who died April 10, 1867, aged 87 years, 9 

I. Asenath, born ; married John Simonds of Brattleborou^h. 

II. Nelso.n, born Mux 7, 1807; married, 1st, Dec. 24-, 1831, Eliza, ))orn 

March 14, 1815; died June 3, 1850, daughter of Caleb and Mary 
(Whittemore) Sweetser; married, 2d, Dec. 5, 1850, Angeline, 
daughter of David Piatt of Troy. For many years Mr. Howe, 
either alone or in connection with his brother, did a large amount 
of business in manufactviring wooden ware at Howeville, in Fitz- 
william ; removed to Boston, and later to Maine. 

III. Sarah, born Aug. 10, 1810; married, April 14, 1831, Thomas 

Sweetser of Fitzwilliam ; died June 19, 1847. 

IV. Mar v. born ; married Harvey Blandiug. 

V. Martha, born ; married Asa B. Clark. 

VI. Harriet N., born June 6, 1816; married, June 5, 1809, Gideon G. 

Willis of Swanzey; died May 12. 1878. 

vii. Joel, born .; married, March 6, 1844, Nancy, daughter of George 

Richardson ; died in Keene. 

Bowman Howe, born Aug. 30, 1814; married, Jan. 1st, 
1838, Hannah, born June 25, 1815, daughter of Jacob 
and PhilHs (Sweet Grant) Whitcomb ; she died Dec. 18, 
1854, and he married, 2d, Oct. 2, 1855, Cynthia, born 
Sept. 21, 1825, a sister of his first wife, who died in 
Troy, Feb. 20, 1890; Mr. Howe died Jan. 20, 1877. 

I. Charles, born Sept. 14, 1838; married, March 1, 1866, Sarah J., 

daughter of Jason and Sally Knights of Phillipston. 

II. Isaac Whitcomb, born May 8, 1840; died July 3, 1842. 

III. Elizabeth, born June 10, 1843; married Henry Handy, June 29, 


IV. Orrin Bowman, born Aug. 2, 1847; married, March 17, 1872, 

Emma, born July 16, 1852, daughter of Amos A. and Catherine 
(Carter) Flint of Richmond. Children: 1. Edna, born in Rich- 
mond, Jan. 2. 1876; 2. Carl E., Ijorn in Winchester. Aug. 31, 

V. Cora M., born April 20, 1859; died Dec. 6, 1861. 

VI. Emilv S., born Nov. 6, 1861 ; married, July 8, 1896. Walter N. Gay. 


Yii. Elbridge, born Jan. 5, 1864. 

vni. Ephk.\im W., bom Sept. 13, 1867; married, June 18, 1891, Sadie 
E., daughter of A. F. Haniiaford. 

Hubbard. George and Mary (Bishop) Hiilibard came 
to America from England about 1733, and first settled in 
Watertown, Alass. They had John, who married Mary 
Merriam and lived in Concord, Mass. They had Jonathan, 
who married Hannah Rice and lived in Concord. They 
had Thomas, who married Mary Fletcher and lived in Con- 
cord. They had Nathan, who married Mar}- Patterson 
and lived in Groton, Alass. They had Hezekiah, who 
married Rebecca Hutchinson, and who went from Groton 
to Rindge, N. H., in 17S3. They had Harry, who married, 
June 8, 1823, Clarissa Fay and lived in Southborough and 
Shrewsbury, Mass. 

Appleton Burnham Hubbard, son of Harr}-, married, 
Sept. 19, 1854, Betse\' L., daughter of Howard and 
Dolly (Bemis) Clark; died Sept. 29. 1862, aged 33 

I. Charles A., born June 7, 1857. 

II. Harry, liorn Oct. 19, 1859. 

Charles Appleton Hubbard, son of Appleton B., was 
born in Troy, June 7, 1857; married, Oct. 15, 1884, 
Maryanna, daughter of Julius Augustus and Mary Ann 
(Wood) Stearns of Rindge. He attended the schools 
of Troy and the New Hampshire College of Agriculture 
and the Mechanic Arts at Hanover, graduating from 
the latter in 1877; returned to Troy and was employed 
as a clerk in the store of E. P. Kimball & Son for 
about two years. In 1882 he removed to Boston, 
Alass., with his mother and brother. Mr. Hubbard 
was for several 3'ears in the accounting department of 
the Union Pacific Railway Company at its Boston 
ofiice. He has recently been appointed comptroller of 
the Oregon Short Line Railroad Company with head- 
quarters in Boston. This railway is about foiu'teen 
hundred and fifty miles in length, located in Utah, 



Wyoming, Idaho and Oreqoii. He resides in Newton, 

Massachusetts . 

Harry Appleton, born Mav 5, 1895. 

Charles A. Hiibbard. 

Harry Hubbard, second son of Appleton Rnrnham Hub- 
l)ard and Betsey Louisa (Clark), was born in Tro3\ 
N. H., Oct. 19, 1859. When he was about three years 
old his father died. He lived in Troy with his mother 
and brother, Charles A. Hubbard, until the summer of 
1882, when they all moved to Boston. As a boy he 
attended the public schools of the town, for several 
vears under Airs. L. B. Wright, and afterwards received 



private instruction from her, and later from Franklin 
Ri])ley, who had then just graduated from Amherst 
College. At the age of nineteen (1878), he entered 

Harry Hubbard. 

Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, N. H., and grad- 
uated from that Academy in 1880 with the highest 
rank ; and in the fall of that year entered Harvard 
College, where he remained the full four ^-ears and 
graduated in 1884, with the highest degree {summa 
cum laucle) and with the highest honors in political 
science. In the fall of 1884, he entered the Harvard 
Law School, where he remained imtil about Jan. 1, 1885, 
when trouble with one of his e\'es compelled him to 
rest from studv for several months, after which he 


entered the law office of Gaston & Whitney, Boston 
(of which firm ex-Governor Gaston was the senior 
member), and remained there until the opening- of the 
Harvard Law School in the fall of that year, and 
continued his course in the school tuitil December, 1885, 
when the return of the eye trouble again compelled him 
to suspend study. Fearing that this trouble would 
compel him to abandon the law as a profession, he 
applied to Charles Francis Adams and obtained a 
situation in the service of the Union Pacific Railway 
Company, in May, 1886, and remained with that 
company in Boston until 1888. During this time and 
after the eye trouble ceased, he resumed the study of 
law and was admitted to the Suffolk County Bar, in 
Boston, Jan. 17, 1888. In August, 1888, he removed 
to New York city and entered the law office of Dillon 
& Swa\'ne, where he continued until the dissolution of 
that firm. In January, 1893, he fonned a copartner- 
ship wdth ex-Judge John F. Dillon and his son John M. 
Dillon, under the style of Dillon & Hubbard, and is 
now practicing law as a member of that firm at No. 
195 Broadway, New York city. Resides at No. 45 
West 95th street in same city. Member of Madison 
Avenue Baptist church ; of Bar Association of the city 
of New York ; of Bar Association of state of New York ; 
and of Harvard Club, New York city. Married, Oct. 
15, 1891, Maria Louise Clancy, daughter of Edward 
Clancy and Maria Louise (Gilborne). 
William Galatin Hurlbutt was born in Williamstown, 
Vt., Sept. 23, 1831; married, Feb. 7, 1860, Mary 
Elizabeth, daughter of Charles and Elvira (Wads worth) 
Carpenter. Mr. Hurlbutt was for several years, or until 
May, 1881, station agent at Troy. After that he was 
at North Ashburnham for a short time, but at present is 
station agent and postmaster at East Boxford, Mass. 

I. Alice Maria, born Jan. 2, 1<S()2. 

II. .\Ni\ii-: Wauswokth, born April 17, 1.SG5; married, Oct. LS, l.S9.'{, 

Charles C. Read of South (Gardner, Mass. Children: 1. Knth- 
erine Elizabeth RcnrI, born Sept. IS, 1S94-; 2. Alice Gcrinnlc h'vnri, 
born July 15, 1896. 


III. Charlotte Elizaheth, liorn Oct. 5, 1873. 

IV. Bessie Gertrude, born Aug. 13, ISSO. 

Hiram W. Hutt was born in Nova Scotia, Dec. 15, 1861 ; 
married, March 31, 1888, Ida M. Sn\'der, born in 
Nova Scotia, April 30, 1867. Mr. Hutt came to Troy 
soon after his marriage, and a few years since pur- 
chased of Mrs. Sarah Brown the place on the Jaffrey 
road formerly belonging to Eri J. Spaukling. 

I. CuRA May, born June 21, 1892. 

II. Murray Eugene, ))orn Jan. 24, 1895. 

Ransom Ingalls, son of Zimri of Richmond, born Oct. 9, 
1811; married, 1st, Sept. 30, 1837, Syljjhina, born 

Aug. 18, 1817; died 1844, daughter of Timothy 

and Nellie (Keith) B. Pickering of Richmond ; married, 
2d, May 21, 1844, Eliza, born March 22, 1818; died 
Aug. 15, 1857, daughter of Cyrus and Betse\^ (Jackson) 

Fairbanks; married, 3d, Abigail ; died Nov. 3, 

1880; he died Dec. 2, 1882. 
I. Charles P., born June 15, 1838; married, June 8, 1859, Mary E.. 
born March 21, 1838, daughter of Abijah and Betsey (Sweetser) 
Spofford of Fitzwilliam ; resides in Hillsborough Bridge, N. H. 
Children: 1. George Ehvell, born in Troy, March 5, 1862; married, 
Oct. 6, 1883, Flora R., born Aug. 23, 1861, in Sullivan, N. H., 
dfitighter of John S. and Jane E. (Jennings) Currier. One child, 
Charles Onley, born Alarch 5, 1885. 2. William Henry Spofford, 
born in Marlborough, Feb. 15, 1875. 

n. .\lbert E., born 18-16; married, Ella Loomis of Wiu- 

chendon. One child, Leon E., I^orn in Troy, Dec. 1, 1874. 

III. George, born ; died. 

IV. Sarah, born 1853; married Herbert Woods. 

V. AnBiE Eliza, born July 12, 1855; married Eugene Woods. 

Amos H. Ingalls, son of Zimri, was a carpenter and 
builder; lived in Troy several years; married Polly, 
daughter of Nicholas Cook. Built the house now 
owned by Ira G. Starkey, the one ow^ned by George A. 
Starkey, Avhere he lived for a time, and also built the 
residence of Mrs. Spooner. He died in Gardner in Feb- 
ruary, 1883. 

I. Arthur. 

II. Emma. 

Isaac Jackson, with wife Ruth and children, among whom 
were Henry and Isaac, came from Attleborough, Mass., 


in 1778, or before, and settled on land now comprising 
the farm owned by John Tatro, where they cleared up 
the land, raising a few potatoes and making maple 
sugar. He died July 16, 1796. His widow was taxed in 
Fitzwilliam till 1802. The list of his children as given 
in the old histor}- is not correct in some of the items. 
The list given here is as correct as it is possible to 
make it. There was also recorded in Fitzwilliam, 
infant of Isaac Jackson, died June 29, 1789; daughter, 
died Oct. 16, 1793. 

I. Henry. 

II. Isaac, married Dea. Modeling's sister; went to Wallingford, Vt. 

ni. John, married Lncretia Millin of Westminster, and settled in Swanzey. 

IV. Amos, moved to Vermont. 

V. Samuel. 

VI. Anna. 

VII. Sarah. 

VIII. Bebe, born Dee. 1(5, 177S; married, 1st, Joel Mellen ; married, 2d, 

Russell Ballon, son of James and Tamasin (Cook) Ballon (if Rich- 
mond ; his 2d wife; he was born July 11, 1763, in Cumberland, 
R. 1.; died in Swanzey, Nov. 10, 1847. 

IX. PoLLV, born Jan. 16, 1781; married, Mareh 16, 1802, Laban Star- 

key, son of Peter; died 1844. 

X. Li'cv, married Fisher and settled in Fitzwilliam. 

HeiNRV Jackson, son of Isaac, was born in Attleborough, 
and came to Troy with his father and brother Isaac. 
He married Sally Childs of Alstead, N. H., and settled 
on West Hill, and afterwards bought of Otis Starkey 
the farm known as the Porter White place. They had 
eleven children, six boys and five girls. The girls all 
died young. He left Troy in 1833, and went to 
Berlin, Vt., w^here he died at the age of 93. The fol- 
lowing list is not complete and most of the items given 
are from a letter written by Isaac, son of Henry, when 
he was 86 years of age. 

I. Henry, born Oct. 25, 1793; married Abigail Bruce; went to Ver- 

mont; died in Williamstown. 

II. Silas Whitcomb, born Aug. 22, 1795; married Isabel Phillips; 

removed to Berlin, Vt. 

m. Susannah, born June 13, 1799; married Herman Fisher; died 
(Sept.?) 1822. 

IV. Samuel, born June 13, 1799; married Laura Lovell ; died about 
1881. Opened a store in Troj', afterwards removed to Rocking- 
ham, Vt., and was in trade there for many j^ears and died there. 




V. Sally, born Dec. 24, IcSOO. 

VL Ekastus, born ; died in Miehijian. 

viL Isaac, born 1805; married Mary, daughter of Henry Tohnan. They 
were itinerant preachers and held meetings in Maine, New Hamp- 
shire, Vermont and Massachusetts, and throughout the Western 
states for thirty years, but finally returned to Harrison, Maine, 
where they died at a good old age. 

YiiL Charles. 

Jones. Benjamin Jones was iDorn in Ipswich, Mass., 
Aug. 18, 1751 ; married. May, 1773, Elizabeth Cleaves, 
who was born in Beverly, Oct. 20, 1752. After his mar- 
riage, he settled in Lyndeborough as a physician and gained 
considerable celebrity in his profession. They had ten 
children and all but one became professedly pious. The 
grandfather of Benjamin was l^orn in W^des. 
Joseph Jones, son of Ben- 

jamin, married, 1st, 

Sept. 11, 1811, Ann 

Richardson, who was 

born in Billerica, Mass., 

Aug. 19, 1788 ; she died 

in Lyndeborough, May 

19, 1827; and he mar- 
ried, 2d, Mrs. Clarissa 

Page of Burlington, Vt., 

daughter of Dr. Isaiah 

Whitney of Rindge ; she 

died Feb. 16, 1844; and 

he married, 3d, Sept. 

28, 1844, Sophronia, 

another daughter of the 

aforesaid Dr. Whitne\% 

and resided in Lynde- 
borough one year. He 

became a citizen of 

Troy, in April, 1845, 

residing in the house built by Lucius Bryant, and now 

owned by H. A. Marshall. Mrs. Sophronia Jones died 

in Troy, Jan. 10, 1872 ; Mr. Jones died June 19, 1872, 

aged 87. 

JosEi'H Jones. 


I. John, born Sept. 12, 1812; gradviated at Dartmouth College in 

1833; studied theology at Andover, and was settled over a Con- 
gregational church at Chittenden, Vt., but in a few years was 
dismissed at his own request, after which he was emplo\'ed two 
years by the Home Missionary' Society to preach as a missionarj^ 
in Indiana, at the expiration of which time he removed to San- 
dusky, Ohio, and from thence to Earlville, Illinois. He labored 
as an evangelist for many 3'ears, but finally gave it vip and 
entered the drug business, which he was in at the time of his 
death, which occurred at Colorado Springs in 1890. 

II. Joseph, born Sept. 2, 1818; entered the College Institute at Ober- 

lin, Ohio, but after two years study was obliged to leave on 
account of ill health, and was a commission merchant in Chicago ; 
was president of the Lackawanna Coal Company for several years ; 
died at Chicago in 1884. 

III. Benjamin Cleaves, born March 31, 1824; died at Chicago in 1884; 

was in the hardware business. 

IV. Clarissa Ann, born Nov. 9, 1828; married, Nov. 8, 1849, William 

R. Hurlbutt. He was a dr\' goods merchant in Boston; died Jan. 
22, 1882. Mrs. Hurlbutt resides in Cambridge, Mass. Children: 
1. Mary Clara, born in Troy, Oct. 16. 1850; married, Oct. 4, 
1878, George Edward Shaw of Dorchester, Mass., who died Nov. 
30, 1881; 2. William Scollay, born in Cambridge, Oct. 14, 1854; 
unmarried. Is a dry goods merchant in Boston. 

John Jarvis, born in Ireland. Oct. 16, 1840; married, May 
16, 1853, Mary Given, born in Ireland, Augtist, 1830. 
Came from Ireland to Troy in 1879, and located on 
the farm he now occupies. 

I. Lizzie, born March, 1855; died 1878. 

II. James, born Nov. 27, 1857; died in Concord, N. H., February, 1887. 

III. John, Jr., born Jan. 7, 1859. 

IV. Andrew, born April 9, 1861. 

v. Joseph, born September, 1864; married, June 2, 1888, Emma L., 
daughter of Henry S. and Mary Brown. Children: 1. Roy 
Henry, born May 8, 1889; 2. .4//ce Lillian, born Sept. 21, 1890; 
3. Bernice, born Nov. 11, 1894; died Aug. 25, 1895; 4. riieodore 
Stafford, born Sept. 5, 1896. 

VI. Arthur, born April 13, 1870; died in Troy, Aug. 19, 1882; killed 

1)3' being run over b\' cars. 

VII. Marv, born Feb. 28, 1872. 

VIII. Annie, born Oct. 24, 1873. 

Arthur Jarvis, a brother of John, was born in Ireland ; 
married, Dec. 11, 1880, Johanna Enright, born in 
Ireland, March 17, 1856. He came to Troy about the 
same time as his brother. 


I. Maky E., born in Akron, Ohio, Sept. 15, 1881. 

II. Letitia, born Nov. 27, 1882. 

III. Teresa E., born Aug. 29, 1884. 

IV. Lillian F., born Dec. 28, 1894. 

Moses Kenney came from Marlborough, Mass., about the 
year 1772, and purchased the farm then owned by 
James Tiffany, where he resided until 1778, when he 
sold to Moses Cutting and moved to Vermont. He 
had one son. 

I. John, baptised Oct. 31, 1773. 

Nathaniel Kendall was born in Providence, R. I., where 
he resided until he was sixteen years of age, when 
he removed to Lancaster, Mass. He came here in 
1786, and lived in various places. It is said he changed 
his residence twenty times. 

I. Nathaniel, born March 2, 1783; married Mary Annis; died at 

Springfield, Mass., August, 1846. 

II. John, born Dec. 11, 1784; died at sea. 

in. Rebecca, born Feb. 15, 1786; married Thomas Dival of Lancaster, 
Mass.; died 1831. 

IV. Abigail, born Sept. 6, 1787; married Jonathan Martin of Rich- 

mond; died 1856. 

V. Samuel, born Dec. 17, 1788; married Hannah, daughter of Kiml)er 

Harvey of Marlborough ; died in Canada, 1829. 

VI. Thomas, born Dec. 28, 1789; married Onda Tiffany of Northfield. 
vii. Henry, born April 2, 1795; married Dorothy Parker; removed to 


VIII. Hannah, born March 18, 1796; married Jonathan Martin of 


IX. Nancy, born June 30, 1798; married Hosea Bowen of Richmond. 

X. Joseph, born September, 1800. / 

XI. Sally, born Dec. 18, 1802; died 1832. ■ 

Timothy Kendall, born Aug. 25, 1782; married, Sept. 
26, 1804, Anna, born April 26, 1782; died April 1, 
1860, daughter of Levi and Tabitha (Hardy) Brigham ; 
died Feb. 14, 1851. Mr. Kendall came here about 
1815, and in 1819 he built the Stephen B. Farrar 
house, and resided there until 1831, when he exchanged 
farms with Stephen Farrar. He reserved several house 
lots and built the house afterward owned b^^ Earle 
Clark, and lived there two years. In 1833, he built 
the house afterwards occupied by A. W. Baker, where 


he lived until 1845, when he returned to Fitzwilliam. 
Children born, i to iv, in Fitzwilliam, v to ix, in 

I. LvMAN, born July 9, 1S05; died May 5, 1828. 

II. Caroline, born June 22, 1807; died Nov. 11, 1812. 

III. Clarissa, born Sept. 29, 1809; died March 15, 1812. 

IV. Timothy B., born Dec. 14, 1811; died Oct. 24, 1812. 

V. Timothy, born Oct. 9, 1813; married. May 10, 1839, Catherine, 

daughter of Stephen and Polly (Wright) Wheeler; died Dec. 16, 
1855. Children: 1. Charles B., born Aug. 15, 1842; 2. Lucy 
Ann, born Jan. 17, 1844. 

VI. Caroline, born Jan. 30, 1816; died Aug. 24, 1836. 

VII. Parkman, born Sept. 13, 1818; died March 24, 1850. 

VIII. Charles, born Jan. 10, 1821; died Feb. 9, 1837. 

IX. (iKORGE, born Oct. 24, 1824; died Sept. 14, 1854. 

Joseph Kendall, son of Nathaniel, born September, 1803; 
married Mary Ann Thurston of Marlborough, and 
located on the Rhan farm, which had before been occu- 
pied by his father. He resided there a few years, then 
moved to the farm then owned by Col. D. W. Farrar, 
situated south of the S. B. Farrar place. In 1852, he 
bought of Mrs. Sarah Haskell, a farm upon which he 
lived for several years. Mr. Kendall died March 30, 
1877; Mrs. Kendall died Sept. 17, 1886, aged 78. 

I. John, born Dec. 7, 1827; died June, 1842. 

II. Rebecca, born Sept. 12, 1829; married, 1st, Hayv^-ard Bigelow of 

Princeton, Mass. ; married, 2d, Leonard Spaulding of Ayer, Mass. ; 
died April, 1892. 

III. Mary Ann, born Dec. 23, 1831 ; married Moses Cudworth of 

Kindge; died Nov. 6, 1895. 

IV. Helen M., born Jan. 7, 1834; married Johu'Hosley of Springfield, 


V. Joseph W., born Aug. 4, 1838; married, ; resides in Princeton, 


VI. Cornelia J., born Oct. 31, 1840; married, 1st, Frank Colburn; 

married, 2d, Anderson; died 1883. 

VII. Lucy A., born March 5, 1843; married Ozro J. Hale. 

VIII. John A., born Aug. 13, 1845; married, Hattie Ward. 

IX. Caroline E., born Oct. 30, 1848; married Alex Frazer of Nova 


X. Edwin Francis, born April 20, 1851; married, 1st, ; married, 

2d, Lucj' A. Hubbard of Watertown, Mass. 

XI. Edwina Frances, born April 20, 1851; married Htn-atio H;istings; 

resides in East Tcmpleton, Mass. 


Edward P. Kimball is the son of Col. Retyre Kimball of 
Hillsborough, where he was born Feb. 23, 1820. His 
mother was Mary Bell of Tewksbury, Mass. His 
father died Dec. 10, 1830, and at the age of eleven 
years he was left dependent upon himself to earn his 
living, which he did doing chores and clerking in stores 
for different persons. Later he became apprenticed to 
Benjamin F. Grosvenor, a hatter, and came to Troy in 
1836, when a little more than sixteen years of age, 
and worked at hat making and as salesman until 
18-11, when he went into business for himself in the 
shop formerly occupied by Grosvenor, which stood near 
what is now the stable of C. \V. Brown's heirs. The 
following year he commenced the grocery business. In 
1844, he opened a livery stable which he carried on in 
connection with his numerous other enterprises for 
thirty years or more. In 1848, he bought of David 
W. Farrar the store which is now occupied by E. P. 
Kimball & Son, and which was built a few years before 
by S. G. Whitney. Ten years later he added the tin 
business which he carried on in the house now owned 
by Troy Blanket Alills and known as the "tinshop 
house." At one time he had ten pedlars on the road. 
He conducted this business for a tew years when he 
gave it up. In 1859 he bought out the store of Brown 
Nurse, which was in what is now the tenement part 
of the Monadnock Hotel, and two years later bought 
out Thomas Goodall in the D. W. Farrar store. In 
addition to these he has at different times been con- 
nected with or interested in numerous other enterprises 
which have been carried on here, the picture frame 
business, the broom business and the brick business, 
besides holding various offices and serving as post- 
master, town clerk, tax collector, auctioneer and 
deputy sheriff. He was appointed deputy sheriff in 
1844, and was appointed sheriff in 1874, and has held 
the office of deputy sheriff from his first appointment 
until the present time except under sheriffs B. Lovell,Geo. 
W. Holbrook and E. F. Lane and while he was sheriff. 
In 1870, he bought of Elisha H. Tolman, the farm he 



now owns, which he has improved and brought into a 
good state of cultivation, devoting his interests in this 
direction more particularly to dairying. He is a mem- 
ber of Monadnock Lodge, No. 80, F. & A. M., and 
was a member of the old Fitz-Trojan lodge of Odd 
P'ellows, which was located in Fitzwilliam from 1849 

Edwaki) p. Kim hai.i. 

to 1854. In politics he has always been a Democrat. 
Thus it is seen that for sixty years he has been inti- 
mately associated with most of the local industries, 
and his knowledge of the town and the history of its 
people is interesting and varied. He has always been 
deeply interested in the welfare and prosperity of the 



town and favorable to all measures that would conduce 
to its rise and progress, always ready to assist with 
labor and money in any undertaking promising any 
advancement. Having been deprived of securing only 
a meagre education, he has always been desirous that 
others should receive all the advantages possible, and 
has been interested in the public schools and an advo- 
cate of all improvements, and was one of the first to 
take measures for the establishment of a high school 

Stoku ami Residence of E. P. Kimball. 

department, which flourished for several years under 
the tuition of Airs. L. B. Wright. July 9, 184-4, he 
married Mary Ann, daughter of Cyrus and Betsey 
(Jackson) Fairbanks, and in 1853, bought the house 
in which he now resides. Three sons have been born 
to them of whom two survive and are engaged in the 
business of E. P. Kimball & Son. Col. Retyre Kimball 
was a native of Hillsborough, where he was born Feb. 
4, 1789, and he married, March 28, 1818, Mary Bell 
of Tewksbury, Mass. He died Dec. 10, 1830, and his 
widow lived with her son, in Troy, until her death, 
which occurred Oct. 14, 1873. 

Charles E.. born July 10, 184-7; married, May 25,1870, Abbie L.. 
daughter of Danieland Sophroiiia (Keith) Farrar, who died Sept. 
20, 1893. One child, Bessie A., born Aug. 3, 1872. 


n. George Fred, born April 1, 1851; married Aug. 21, 1S77, Hlla F., 
daughter of Charles W. and Frances S. (Taylor) Whitney ; died 
April 25, 1881. Children: 1. Echvnrd Whitney, born July 11, 
1878; 2. Mary Frnnccs, born July 28, 1879; died Aug. 19, 188Q, 

u\. Warren W., born March 1, 1857. 

WiNTHROP Knight, son of Joel and Betsey Knight of 
Sudbury, Mass., born Sept. 9, 1816 ; married, 1st, Ajjril 6, 
IH-iS, Lydia, daughter of Isaac and Temperance (Hinck- 
ley) Fuller, and settled on the place formerly owned 
by Jabez Butler, and now owned by him. A few years 
after, he erected, upon the stream near his house, a 
shop in which he has manufactured sashes, blinds, has 
a grist mill and has carried on a wheelwright business. 
He is the youngest son in a family of fourteen children, 
eight sons and six daughters, which included three 
pairs of twins. Mrs. Knight died Nov. 12, 1866, and 
he married, 2d, July 21, 1867, Mrs. Betsey Starkey, 
wido\v of Bailey Starkey. 

I. Daughter, died in infancy. 

II. Son, died young. 

III. Arthur Pearl, born Sept. 1, 1858; married Sept. 8, 1880, Ella M., 

born in Charlestown, Mass., Dec. 17, 1858, daughter of Moses 
E. and Ellen Al. (Parker) Wright. Resides in Marlborough. Child- 
ren: 1. Edwin Winthrop, born Oct. 13, 1881; died Sept. 23, 
1882; 2. Ralph Lewis, born June 27, 1890; 3. Mihhcd Ah'cc, 
born Dec. 6, 1895. 

Thomas J. Lahiff was born in County Clare, Ireland, 
Aug. 21, 1834; married, Feb. 17, 1863, Bridget Mac- 
namara, who was born in County Clare. He became 
a citizen of Troy in 1888, coming from Nelson, and 
settled at the North end on the place he purchiised of 
E. S. Foster. 

I. Henry T., born in Keene, Jan. 23, 1864- ; died July 1, 1865. 

II. Margaret, born in Keene, Dec. 24-, 1865; married. Nov. 13, 1889, 

James McGinness of Hillsborough. 

III. Honora, born in Keene, Dec. 1, 1867; died Oct. 19, 1882. 

IV. John, born in Keene, Jan. 8, 1870. 

V. Bridget, born in Nelson, May 9, 1872. 

VI. Mary, born in Nelson, April 18, 1873; died May 16, 1875. 

VII. Thomas M., born in Nelson, July 25, 1875. 

John F. Lang, born in Germany, March 29, 1818; married, 
1st, Christine Young; married, 2d, 1836, Minnie Fetler, 


born Nov. 29, 1S14-. He came to Troy in 1859, and 
worked in the blanket mills for several years, but pur- 
chased the Cuttinsf place in 1873, \vhere he has since 

I. P.\rLiN"A, born IS^O; married, 1st, BuckwoUl ; married, 2d, 

Josiah Ruffle. 

II. Gottlieb, born 1842. 

III. Augusta, born 184-7; married D. Aldeii Starkey. 

IV. Charles, born 1854. 
v. John, born 1856. 

Louis LaPoixt, born June 1, 1847; married, JMarch, 1867, 
Julia Freeman, born Nov. 21, 1846. 

I. Mary Alice (Eliza), born June 8, 1870. 

II. Emily, born Dec. 21, 187-4-. 

III. Fred, born July 16, 1876. 

IV. Arthur, born Oct. 1, 1877. 

V. Cecelia, born Dec. 8, 1880. 

VI. Josephine, born Feb. 17, 1882. 

VII. E.MMA, born Feb. 10, 1885. 
vin. Walter, born May 17, 1888. 
IX. Theodore, born June 7, 1894. 

Lawrence. George Lawrence, an early settler of 
Watertown, Mass., born 1637; married. 1st, Sept. 29, 
1657, Elizabeth Crisp, who died May 28, 1681; and he 
married, 2d. Aug. 16, 1691. Elizabeth Holland; he died 
March 21. 1708-9. His son George, born June 4. 1688; 

married Mary , and died March 5. 1735-36. William, 

son of George, born Alarch 20, 1711 ; married. Nov. 28, 
1734, Alary Perry, and settled in Weston, Mass. 
Daniel Lawrence, son of William and Mary (Perry) 
Lawrence, born in Weston, Mass., Sept. 29, 1747; 
married Elizabeth Graves of Sudbur^-, their "marriage 
intention" being published Dec. 5, 1772. He died July 
13. 1832; his widow died Oct. 29, 1840, aged 101. 

I. P'OLLY, born 1774; married Hugh Thompson; died in Maine. 

II. Betsey, born 1777: married, Oct. 7, 1800, George StarkcA' of 

Swanzey; died Sept. 13. 1813. 

III. Daniel, born 1779; married, Nov. 25, 1802, Lucy Moore; removed 

to Alban\-, X. Y. 

IV. Lucy, born 1781 ; married, July 29, 1802, Cyrus Coolidge. 
v. John, born Feb. 2, 1784. 



John Lawrence, son of Daniel, born Feb. 2, 1784; 
married, 1st, Alarch 4, 1806, Irena, dati^^hter of Jacob 
Newell, Jr., and settled 
on the home farm. Mrs. 
Lawrence died 1849, 
and he married, 2d, 
Mrs. Eliza Hayden, who 
died Aug. 18, 1863; he 
died Jan. 16, 1864. 

I. Louisa, 1)orn 1806; died at 

an early age. 

II. Ann.\, 1)orn 1807; removed 

to Attleljorough, Mass. 

III. Ci,.\Riss.\, bom 1809; died 

aged 13 months. 

IV. Ikh.\.\. Ijorn 1810; died 184-2. 

V. Simon, Ijorn 1812; married 

Eliza Buffiim ; removed to 
Fitch burg. 

VI. Bktsev, born 1814; married 

.\. B. Harrington. 
V!i. joii.N, born 1816; married 
Adaline Goodenow (if Win- 

VIII. Hoi'GHTON, born 1818; mar- 

ried, Feb. 2, 1868, Mrs. 

Betsey L. Hubbard; died April 10, 1884 

IX. CvxTHiA, born 1820; died 1840. 
.\. Sarah, born 1822; died 1849. 

Harvev. born 1823; removed to Illinois. 
Almira, born 1826; removed to Illinois. 

John Lawkknck. 



Jonathan Lawrence, a brother of Daniel, born Feb. 1, 
1750; married, 1773, Lticv Moore of Sudbury, ALass. 

I. Jonathan. 

II. Samuel. 

III. Cyrus, died in Massachusetts. 

IV. Lucy, removed to Vermont. 

V. IsA.xc, removed to \'crmf)nt ; married I'dlly lA-hourve.'iti ot Keene. 

VI. William. 

VII. AiiiOAiL, married Xewton. 

VIII. Sarah L., born June 4, 17S7; married Daniel Cutting; died A])ril 

30. 1847. 

IX. Eunice, removed to Vermont. 

X. Betsey, married Rice. 


Jonathan Lawrence, son of Jonathan, married, 1798, 
Dorothy, born Aug. 26, 1774; died Feb. 21, 1860, 
daughter of Moses Cutting. He lived some years on 
the Forbes place in the south part of Marlborough. 
About 1804, he purchased of Hugh Thompson the farm 
afterwards owned by Sidney A. Butler, where he lived 
till near the close of his life, when he went to live with 
his brother William. He died October, 1841. 

I. Alfred, born June 2, 171)0; died April, 184-8. 

II. Belinda, Ijorn Jiily 12, 1802; married James Downing of Dedham, 

Mass.; died Nov. 25, 1873. Children: I.James Lafayette Down- 
ing; born Oet. 2. 1824; died A])nl IH, 1826; 2. Marietta Ang-e- 
linc Downing; l)orn April 22, 1841; died Ang. 14, 1842; 3. Be- 
linda L. Downing, born Feb. 25, 182(3; died Dee. 1, 1873; 4. 
Alfred Downing; born .\i)ril 29, 1829; 5. John H. Downing, born 
Dec. 7, 1838. 

III. S()iMiRONi.\, born Jan. 29, 1804; died Dec. 8, 1885; unmarried. 

IV. Horatio, Ijorn May 11, 1807; married Mary, daughter of Reuben 

and Polh^ (Wheeler) Newell; died in Londonderry', Vt., Dec. 8, 
1893; Mrs. Lawrence died July 31, 1897. Children: 1. Mary 
Jane, born Nov. 28, 1839; 2. Eliza Ann, born May 29, 1841; 
married Horace Hay ward ; Children: Lizzie L. Hay ward, born 
Jan. 14, 1863; married Charles W. Whitney, Jr.; Charles HaA'- 
ward, born Juh' 10, 1865; Gertrude Hay ward, born Feb. 25, 
1877; 3. Horatio L., Jr., born June 16, 1844. 

V. Austin, born Dec. 25, 1809; died in Arkansas, January, 1877. Had 

four children, John, AHlton, MoUie, George. 

VI. DoROTiiv, born Nov. 26, 1812; married liasman Alexander; died 

Aug. 19, 1890. & 

VII. Gregorv, born Feb. 23, 1816. 

Samuel Lawrence, son of Jonathan, inarried Anna Pratt, 
and lived a few years in Royalston, Mass. He came 
here in 1807. Was drowned in the Branch in the 
winter of 1810. His widow married Aaron Willard, 
March 11, 1813. She was born in Rov^alston, March 
3, 1777, and died Atig. 21, 1871. 

I. William, born Feb. 23, 1800; married Sarah E. Hiscock ; died Jan. 

8, 1852. 

II. Almon, born 1802; married, 1st, F^liza Ljiwrence, who died 1835; 

and he married, 2d, Mary Bamfield ; removed to Cambridge, 

III. Dankortii, born 1804; married Mary Newman ; settled in Medford. 

IV. Jonas, born 1806; married Lydia Cobmni ; settled in Hillsborough. 



Gregory Lawrence, son of Jonathan, Jr., born Feb. 23, 
1816; married, June lv5, 1845, Emily, daughter of 
Ivemuel Brown, and located on the Silas Wheeler 

( J R K ( ; ( I lO- I , A W U K N C K . 

He has been a very industrious man, a successful 
farmer, and a person who has attended strictly to his 
own business. 

Alfrku G., born Ajiril 24, 1S49; married, March 14, 1.S72, vSarali 
F., daughter of Reuben and Melinda (Lane) Morse, who (Hed 
Aug. 3, 1878. One ehiUl, I-^nink G., born April 28, 1877. 

Harriet Rose, born .\pril (3, 1855; married Carlos M. Barnai'd. 



William Lawrence, son of Jonathan, married, 1st, Nov. 
15, 1804, Patty, daughter of Joseph Haskell, and settled 
on the homestead. Mrs. 
Haskell died Jan. 5, 
1840, and he married, 
2d, April 5, 1842, Mrs. 
Temperance Fuller. He 
lived on the homestead 
tmtil about 1856, when 
he moved with his son, 
Joseph E., to the place 
purchased of A. B. 
Gates. He died Nov. 
25, 1861. 

I. Calvin, born A])ril 10, 1805; 

married, Nov. 8, 183 8, 
Marj' Ann, daughter of 
Simeon Merrifield; died 
Nov. 22, 1866. Mrs. Law- 
rence died September, 1892. 
Children: 1. Frederick A., 
born IS-il ; married Jane 
Fisk; died Jan. 25, 1863. 
One child, Mary R., born 
Feb. 14, 1861; 2. Helen, 
married Henry C. Allen ; 3. Louise, married Asa B. Fisk. 

II. M.\RV, born Ang. 14, 1806; married, 1st, E. Perkins, who died; 

married, 2d, Asa Boyden of Rhode Island; died June, 1873. 

III. Joseph, born Dec. 22, 1809; died Dec. 25, 1820. 

IV. Fanny, born Sept. 25, 1812; married Jonas Bemis ; died April 26, 


V. William H., born Sept. 29, 1815; died Jan. 10, 1817. 

VI. William, born July 15, 1817. 

VII. Li'KK, l)orn July 2, 1819; married Mar\' Boyden; died at Ports- 

mouth, R. I., Jan. 17, 1890. 

VIII. Martha ANN,#born Nov. 24, 1829; married Benjamin F. Forristall ; 

died Oct. 8, 1890. 

IX. Joseph E., born Dec. 9, 1829; married, Nov. 12, 1851, Harriet E., 

daughter of Isaac and Temperance (Hinckley) Fuller. One child, 
Harriet Eva, born Sept. 18, 1865; married Charles W. Corey. 

X. Alfred, born Jan. 24, 1834; married Caroline M. Streeter; died 

June 19, 1864. One child, Nellie, Ijorn July 21, 1859. 

Christopher F. Lawson, born in Denmark, Jan. 10, 1836; 
married, 1st, Adaliza Fox. Mrs. Lawson died and he 

William Lawrence. 


married, 2d, November 15, 1874, Mrs. Caroline A. 

r. James Alfred. 

II. Charles E., born Nov. 27, 1865; died Ajiril S, lcS(;7. 

III. Benjamin F., born Jan. 5, 1869. 

IV. Lora Elsie, boi-n Oct. 28, 1875. 

V. John Herrick, born Oct. 24, 1878. 

Lowe. David Lowe was born in Linienl)urti;-, Mass., 
July 17, 1785, and died in Amherst. N. H., Jan. 9, 1867. 
His wife was Betsey Damon, born in Lancaster, Mass., 
Sept. 11, 1789, and died in Amherst, Nov. 24, 1881. He 
settled in Fitzwilliam, on the place now owned by Ethan 
Blodgett, in 1821, where he lived for about seventeen 
years, when he sold out and removed to Amherst. Previoits 
to this he lived in Fitchburg, w^here five of his seven chil- 
dren were born. 1. George, born Feb. 7, 1812; 2. Abi- 
gail Sweetzer, born July 20, 1814, who married Luke C. 
Clark; 3. David P.; 4. Cyrus, born Oct. 18, 1818; 5. 
vSumner, born April 21, 1821; died June 15, 1821; 6. 
Newton, born Aug. 21, 1823; 7. Mary Elizabeth, born 
Feb. 13, 1826. 

David Perkins Lowe, the second son of David, was born 
March 31, 1816; married, 1st, Oct. 12, 1843, Lucy 
Ann Damon of Amherst, N. H., who was born June 1, 
1818, and died June 14, 1853; married, 2d, June 14, 
1855, Susan Upham of Amherst, born April 14, 1832. 
He died July 20, 1894. Mr. Lowe was a carpenter In- 
trade and followed the business previous to coming 
here. He came to Troy, in April, 1861, and located 
on the Levi Whittemore place \vhich he had previously 
purchased of Luke C. Clark. He tore down the house 
then on the premises and erected the present house. 

I. William P., Iwrn May 25, 1845. 

II. Alphonso D., born Sept. 3, 1849; died Aug. 22, 1850. 

III. Ambry Delia, born Ang. 21, 1857. 

IV. David Bkainard, born April 16, 1861 ; married, A])ril 9, 1890, I-'lor- 

ence Belle Burnham of Roxbury, Mass., born Sept. 5, 1864. One 
child, Florence Crystal Brainarcl, born May 27, 1891; resides in 
Somerville, Mass. 


V. Jasper, Ijorn Marcli L'O, lS(i',); died same day. 

VI. SrsA.N Pailink, born Feb. lil, 1878. 

D.WID p. I^OWE. 

George F. Maddox was born in Ellsworth, Ale., June 4-, 
1858; married, Oct. 13, 1888, Ida E., daughter of Oliver 
W., and Hannah (Harris) Smith, born Dec. 17, 1869. 

I. Lessie Ida, born July 23. 1S89. 

II. Ethel Augista, born Feb. 3, 1891. 

III. Florence, born Jnly 12, 1892. 

IV. Carl Fulton, born June 30, 1894. 

V. Bertha Laura, born .\ug. 4, 1895; died Sept. 10, 1895. 

Andrew S. Mahon, born in Mt. Holly, Vt., Feb. ll, 1853; 

married, Oct. 31, 1876, Flora C. Pratt; died June 17, 

1. Jessie E., born Jan. 10, 1879. 


Henry C. Mahon, born in Mt. Holl_v, Vt., March 28, 
1855; married, June 24, 1882, Myra L. Hale of Win- 
chendon, Mass., born Nov. 2, 1861. 

I. Myrtina Elizareth, born May 8, 1883. 
n. Grace Rebecca, born Jan. 7, 1892. 

Elias Mann, son of Theodore, married, Jan. 1, 1811, Bet- 
sey', daughter of Joseph and Parna (Temple) Butler, 
and although he frequently changed locations, spent a 
large portion of his life in Troy. He died in Jaffrey, 
March 11, 1858. 

I. Lauren .A., born July 15, 1813; died aged 8 months. 

II. Hli.\s W., born Oct. 15, 1815; died Oct. 20, 1829. 

III. Hdward, l)orn Feb. 16, 1817; died Oct. 15, 1819. 

IV. Lauren, 2d, born Jan. 15, 1819; died Feb. 5, 1819. 

V. Edwin, born Sept. 20, 1821; died April 29, 1856. 

VI. Almon, born Sept. 15, 1823. 

VII. Eliza, born July 15, 1825; died June 27, 1826. 

VIII. L. Jason, born July 1, 1827; died Jan. 1, 1831. 

IX. John W., born Dec. 8, 1830. 

WiLLLVM C. Mason, son of Clark, born Dec. 8, 1817; 
married, Oct. 19, 1841, Susan W., daughter of Charles 
and Elizabeth (Warren) Page. He became a citizen of 
Troy in August, 1854, and resided here until 1865, 
when he returned to Marlborough. He descended from 
Nehemiah Mason, who was born in Watertown, Mass., 
June 14, 1721, and married, 1st, Elizabeth Stone, in 
1754, who died April 24, 1755; married, 2d, Martha 
Clark in 1756. They had born to them, Dec. 23, 1758, 
a son, Hugh, who became a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary w^ar, after which he married Elizabeth Clark, 
and settled in Watertown, where he resided till 1794, 
when he moved to Marlborough. His wife, Elizabeth, 
died Feb. 26, 1819, and he married, 2d, Jan. 19, 1820, 
Lydia Moore, and lived in Marlborough, until his 
death, Aug. 25, 1838. Clark Mason, son of Hugh, 
was born April 16, 1794; married Eunice Adams, Jim. 
1, 1817, and moved to Richland, Oswego County, N. 

Y., where their son was born. Mr. Mason died ; 

his widow died . 

I. Warren W., born Jtdy 5, 1845; married Ella Parks of Winchciulon. 


Ora C. Mason, son of Amos A., born in Marlborough, 
June 13, 1860; married, Sept. 30, 1880, Carrie Louisa, 
born March 15, 1859, daughter of George and Eliza- 
beth V. (Hartshorn) Lovering. Children born, i and iii, 
in Marlborough, ii, in Northfield, Mass., iv, in Troy. 

I. Hakkv WiLiti'K, born Aus^-. 10, 18cSl. 

II. Charles Richard, born Feb. 23, 1883. 

III. Clifford Lovering, born Jiily 30, 1885. 

IV. Carl Adams, born An<j. 30, 1891. 

Samuel A. Mason, son of Amos A., born Feb. 6, 1856; 
married, Aug. 25, 1884, Myra S. Howe of Dublin. 

I. Elwin H.. born Oct. 26, 1886. 

II. Lnez E., born May 23, 1889. 

III. Lucy A., born May 6, 1893. 

Warren C. Mason, son of Elijah W., born in Dublin, Jan. 
17, 1851; married in 1872, Azubah M. Whitney of 
Keene. He is at present time assistant superintendent 
of the Troy Blanket Mills. 

I. Waldo J., born March 25, 1877; died Nov. 19, 1877. 

II. Edith M., born Nov. 7, 1878; died May 6, 1879. 

III. Edith, ado])ted danghter. 

George W. Mason, born in Albany, N. Y., Oct. 26, 1852; 
married, July 14, 1879, Lizzie M. Howard of Gilsum, 
born June 7, 1857. 

I. Ina Mabel, born Nov. 3, 1882. 

II. Mary, born Sept. 2, 1884.; died Dec. 27, 1892. 
lu. Lee Howard, born .\pril 22, 1890. 

William Marshall, was the son of William and Anna 
(Harrington) Marshall; married, Sept. 23, 1834, 
Louisa, daughter of Isaac Aldrich, and located on the 
premises before occupied by his father, now known as 
the "Marshall house." He was a shoemaker and 
worked at his trade in the shop now owned by Mrs. 
Sarah E. Capron, until his death, April 11, 1855. 

I. Emeline Louisa, born June 19, 1837; married Milton Putney. 

II. Abby Ann, born March 29, 1840; married Lyman Putney. 

Herbert A. Marshall, son of Addison A., born in Fitz- 
william, May 12, 1856; married, Jan. 13, 1880, Edna 
M., born Aug. 28, 1860, daughter of James and Mary 
J. (Lebourveau) Holman. 

I. Orrie Louise, born Aug. 31, 1890. 


Simeon Merrifield, came from Newfane, Vt., settled in 
Fitzwilliam, about 1811. He was born Atij:^. 21, 1783, 
and died Nov. 9, 1869, in New Salem, Mass., where he 
was living with a daughter; married, 1st, Maria Con- 
nor, w^ho died, and he married, 2d, Lois, born Sept. 26, 
1787; died Sept. 29, 1859, daughter of James and 
Elizabeth (Haven) Stone. Children, i, by 1st mar- 
riage ; II to xm, by 2d marriage ; all by 2d marriage 
born in Fitzwilliam. 

I. James Allen, died in Jaffrey, Nov. 17, 1886. 

II. Marl\ F., baptized May 24, 1812; married, 1st. March 29, 1845, 

Benjamin F. Merrill; married, 2d, Lewis Wyman; died May, 1897. 

III. WiLLAKD, baptized Sept. 5, 1813. 

IV. Elizaueth, baptized April 9, 1815; married William Parkhurst ; 

resides in New Salem, Mass. 

V. Submit, baptized April 20, 1817; died about 1870; married, 1st, 

Solomon Tupper; married, 2d, B. Onimby ; married, 8d, Reuben 
VL Mary Ann, bajitized Oct. 11, 1818; married Calvin Lawrence. 

VII. AniGAiL Stone, born May 3, 1821; married. May 3, 1840, Amos 

Wallingford ; died Feb. 12, 1885. 

VIII. Lois Haven, born Aug. 17, 1822; married Erastus Tujiper; died 

Aug. 21, 1887. 

IX. Simeon, born March 29, 1825. 

X. Levi, born Dec. 28, 1826. 

XL Anstriss, born Oct. 8, 1832; died March 2, 1886, unmarried. 

XII. S.\RAH S., born .\pril 3, 1833; married, Sept. 17, 1850, Emerson E. 

Bissell ; resides in Keene. 

XIII. SoPHRONiA, l)orn April 3, 1833, twin, died in infancy. 

Simeon Merrifield, son of Simeon, born March 29, 1825; 
married, 1st, April 1, 1850, Susannah, daughter of 
Elijah and Luc3^ (Butler) Bemis. She died Oct. 1, 
1853, and he married, 2d, April 4, 1855, Nancy M., 
daughter of Erastus and Mehitable Tupper. Children 
born, I, in Fitzwilliam, by 1st marriage; ii to x, in 
Troy, by 2d marriage. Mrs. Merrifield died Ma\^ 17, 

I. Francis, born May 2, 1851; died April 16, 1853. 

II. Susannah, born May 2, 1856; died Oct. 20, 1876. 

III. Walter S., born Nov. 2, 1857; died March 24, 1881. 

IV. Ella, born Sept. 2, 1859; died Dec. 13, 1877. 

V. Etta J, born Jan. 18, 1862; married, July 1, 1890, Herbert C. 

Moulton, born October, 1862, in Pawtucket, R. I. One child, 
Walter Simeon Alotiltoii, born in Keene, April 21, 1891. 


VI. Ida L., born Aus?. S, 1866; died Oct. 28, 1876. 

VII. Rosa M., born Dec. 9, 1870; died March 28, 1886. 

VIII. Lulu A., born June 16, 1874; married Henry J. Brown; died May 

22, 1895. 

IX. Lena S., born Sept. 17, 1876. 

X. Annie, born Sept. 6, 1878; died Jan. 4, 1879. 

Levi Merrifield, son of Simeon, born Dec. 28, 1826 ; 
married, 1st, Oct. 10, 1848, Sarah S., daughter of 
Easman and Lncy (Garfield) Alexander. She died 
March 4. 1863, and he married, 2d, Feb. 3, 1864, 
Caroline L., daughter of Joseph and Prudence (Bowen) 
Alexander. Children born, i, in Fitzwilliam, n to vi, 
in Troy. 

I. Charles C, born June 19, 1852; married Belle Gibson, died Aug. 

29, 1877. 

II. Flora E., born Ajiril (>, 1858. 
lu. Elmer l^., born July 21, 1867. 
IV. Elwin D., born Oct. 6, 1868. 
v. Katie E., born April 18, 1872. 
VI. Ekfie L., born Sept. 28, 1874. 

Leonard H. Merrifield, son of Horace, was born in Rich- 
mond, Oct. 12, 1856 ; married, July 24, 1876, Mary A. 
Coulter, born in Leominster, Jan. 27, 1860. 

I. James, born Dec. 21, 1877. 

II. Clara L., born July 24, 1880. 

III. Anna Maria, born June 16, 1882. 

IV. Mary Jane, born April 7, 1884. 

V. Alice Elizabeth, born Dec. 17, 1885. 

VI. Lena Delia, born May 23, 1889. 

VII. Laura Dylla, (twin), born May 23, 1889. 

VIII. Ellen Frances, born Jan. 12, 1893. 

IX. Bessie Elmira, born Oct. 8, 1894. 

X. Eva Lydia, born March 15, 1897. 

Luke Miller, born in Peterborough ; married Abby Ann 


I. Luke. 

n. Aimv Jane. 

Reuben Morse, son of Reuben and Betsey (Haj'ward) 
Morse, was born in Sullivan, March 23, 1805. His 
great-grandfather, Thomas Morse, was born in Sher- 
born, Dec. 5, 1709; married Mary Treadwa^^ of Fram- 
ingham. He moved to Dublin about 1762, and was 


the first permanent settler in that tovvn. Reuben 
Morse married and settled in Sullivan. His wife died 
and he married, 2d, Nov. 24, 1840, Melinda A., born 
Dec. 16, 1815, daughter of Capt. John and Mary 
(Livingstone) Lane, and after residing a short time in 
Sullivan, removed to Marlborough, and later came to 
Troy. He died March IS, 1881 ; his widow still resides 
in Troy. 

I. Rose U., born vSept. 9, 184-2; married, April 29, 1869, Ira W. Ellis. 

Children: 1. Leslie E. Elh's, Ijorn Sept. 24-, 1872; 2. Edith M. 
Ellis, born July 7, 1874. 

II. Ellen M., born Jan. 18, 184-5; married Georqe N. Parmenter. 

III. Mary L., born April 17, 1847; married, March 29, 1872, Charles 

P. Ellis. One child, George S. Ellis, born December, 1873. 

IV. Sarah P., born Ma_Y 13, 1849; married Alfred G. Lawrence; died 

Aug. 3, 1878. 

V. George R., born Dec. 31, 1851; killed by the accidental -discharge 

of a gun, April 6, 1863. 

Samuel Mortimer, born in England, June 13, 1827; 
married, 1847, Harriet Dallimore, born Sept. 6, 1822. 
Came to America in 1872, and became a resident of 
Troy the following year, purchasing a lot of land of 
Calvin Allen, and building the house now owned by 
his son, near the residence of E. F. Adams. 

I. Ellen, born April 8, 1848; married Stephen F. Silcox. 

II. Frank, born Jan. 14, 1850. 

III. Lois, born Dec. 14, 1851; married John Frances; resides in England. 

IV. Eunice, born Nov. 21, 1855. 

V. LvDiA, born July 13, 1859. 

VI. Leah, born Dec. 15, 1860; married, March 25, 1891, John Butler. 

One child, Hazel Butler, born in Winchendon, Dec. 29, 1891. 

VII. Roland, born Sept. 11, 1862; died March 16, 1863. 

Frank Mortimer, son of Samuel, born Jan. 14, 1850; 
married, 1st, July 13, 1879, Lizzie H. Sargent of Marl- 
borough, who died Sept. 14, 1879; married, 2d, July 
5, 1882, Elizabeth Armitage, who died March 30, 1890. 

I. Lois, l)orn June 4, 1883. 

Jacob Newell, came from Attleborough, Mass., about 
1769, and located here. He married Hepzibeth Hart 
of Lynn, Mass., by whom he had six children. 

I. jAcon. 

II. Pearson ; died in the army. 


in. James; removed to Vermont. 

IV. Reihe.v. 

V. Sar.\h; married Boyce; removed to the West. 

VI. Hepzibetii; died in Troy. 

Jacob Newell, eldest son of Jacob, married, Jan. 17, 
1782, Anna Finney of Richmond. Settled in Penns3'l- 
vania, where he died. Children all born in Marl- 

I. Nathan, born Nov. 4, 1783; married Adelia Whitcomb. 

II. Pearson, born Jime 29, 1785. 

III. Irena, born Aug. 28, 1786; married, March 4, 1806, John Law- 

rence; died 1849. 

IV. Martha, born Aug. 18, 1788. 

V. Pridence, born Jidy 29, 1790; married EHjah Harrington; died 

Jinie 3, 1827. 


Reuben Newell, son of Jacob, married, 1804, Polly, 
daughter of Nathan Wheeler. He died in Troy, Ma\' 
30, 1847. 

I. Stillman, born March 7, 1806: married Luc^- Clark; Hved in 


II. Miranda, born 1807; married, Felx IS, 1S41, Sampson Wheeler; 

died •. 

III. Pe.arson, born 1808; perished with cold on board the schooner 

"Hudson" in returning from New York in 1S32. 

IV. Harlow, born 1810; married Mary E. Simmons; removed to 


V. Mary, born 1811; married Horatio Lawrence; died July 31, 1897. 

VI. Eliza, born 1817; married William Whitman of Troy, N. Y. 

VII. S.\rah, born 1822; married Sumner Taylor of Richmond. 

Nathan Newell, son of Jacob Newell, Jr., born Nov. 4, 
1783; married Adelia, daughter of Nathan Wheeler. 
He resided for some time in the Warren store, but 
about 1815, built part of the house that was after- 
wards owned by E. P. Kimball. He was a blacksmith 
and worked in a shop which stood near where the 
stable of C. W. Brown's heirs now stands. In 1818, he 
sold his house to William Stearns and moved into the 
house then owned by Solomon Goddard, where he 
resided about one vear, then moved to Richmond. 



Dan'a Newton. 

I. Amos, married Sarah Larkiii; lived in Richmond. 

II. Anna F., married Aaron Wheeler of Richmond. 

III. Finney, married Emily Harris ; removed to the West. 

Luther Newton, a son of 
Seth Newton of South- 
borough, Mass., married 
Miriam, daughter of 
Ezra Newton of South- 
borough, and came to 
Marlborough in 1788. 
He resided for a short 
time on the farm now 
owned by the Rufiis S. 
Frost heirs. He pur- 
chased land and erected 
a log house near what 
has since been known as 
the "Newton meadow." 
He soon after purchased 
another lot of land, 
where he began to clear the forest, and built a house 
which is the one now known as the George Thatcher 
place, into which he moved in 1797. He died Nov. 19, 
1829; his widow died Sept. 22, 1852. They had five 
children. His grandmother lived to be 106, and his 
great-grandmother, 112 years of age. 

I. Artemas, born June IS, 1785. 

II. Catherine, born Oct. 10, 1786; married Luke Blodgett. 

III. Calvin, born Feb. 1, 1791. 

IV. Dana, Iwrn June 17, 1795; died at Freeport, Ills., Sept. 26, 1875. 

It is said that he resembled his father somewhat in looks, and 
his portrait is here presented for this reason, as there is no por- 
trait of Luther Newton in existence. 

V. Nancy, born Feb. 16, 1801; died in Troy, July 7, 1887. 

Calvin Newtox was born Feb. 1, 1791; married, 1st, 
Sally, daughter of Reuben Newton of Southborough, 
Mass.; she died May 25, 1832, and he married, 2d, 
Feb. 24, 1833, Lucretia Lebourveau of Keene, who 
died July 25, 1840; married, 3d, April 6, 1841, vSally 
Elmina, daughter of Benjamin and Phebe (Norcross) 





Mason of Dublin ; she died March 24, 1843, and he 
married, 4th, Oct. 1, 1844, Sally Hart of Hancock, 
who died March 28, 1849; married, 5th, May 13, 
1857, Sabra Worster of 
Swanze\'. She died Oct. 
16, 1871, and he sold his 
place in Swanzey, where 
he had resided for four- 
teen years, and came to 
Troy to live with his 
son. He died Dec. 16, 
1873. He had five child- 
ren, two b_v his first 
marriaiJ^e, two by his 
second marriage, and 
one by his third mar- 
riage. They were : 

Maktin L. 
John C. 

LHARLES. Cai.vix Xkwtox. 

V. Emily E. 

Martin L. Newton w^as the son of Calvin and Sally New- 
ton of Marlborough, where he was born July 21, 1820, 
where he lived imtil he came to Troy. His grandfather, 
Luther Newton, was an early settler, coming to Marl- 
borough, in 1788, and building a log house, settled on 
what afterward became known as the Newton place. 
He was a man of great physical endurance, and possess- 
ing a good mind, acted a conspicuous part in the settle- 
ment of the town. In selecting land for his farm he 
manifested wise judgment, it being rich in soil and 
afterwards became famous for its productiveness. A 
conspicuous landmark is now on the place, it being an 
elm tree which stands over the house, and ^vhich he 
brought some distance on his shoulder and set out. 
His son Calvin, the father of Martin, was a man of 
much ability and dignity of character. He was for 
many years one of the foremost citizens of the town, 
respected for his general knowledge and sound judgment, 

Residence ok II. C Newton and Former Residence of 
THE Late M. L. Newton. 



and his farm liecame a model one for the times. 
He enjoyed the good opinion of his townsmen as an 
honest and enterprising man. The son, Martin L., 

Martin I>. Newton. 

inherited the okl homestead and Avorked hard to 
improve its condition, and resided there until 1869. 
He came to Troy, in 1870, purchasing of Ira G. 
Starkey the place where he afterwards resided. He 
was much like his father in looks and methods, 
being straightforward, open-hearted and industrious, 
attending strictly to his own business. He was con- 
sidered a square man in his dealings and paid his 
honest debts, his financial motto being " Pay as you 



go." He was just what he seemed, despising h^-pocrisy 
and false pretense. While he believed in having the 
comforts and necessaries of life as much as possible, he 

Hiram C. Xewto.n. 

was opposed to extravagance, and it troubled him to 
see others living beyond their means for the purpose 
of making a show before the world. He worked upon 
the principle of "doing unto others as you would have 
others do unto 3^ou," and it is believed his record will 
bear no testimony of dishonest3% extravagance, duplicity 
or unkindness to friends or neighbors. He married, 
1st, Feb. 14, 1845, Mary Ann Crombie of Hancock, 
and settled on the home farm in Alarlborough, where 


he lived until 1870, when he came to Troy. Mrs. 
Newton died April 12, 1S4-7, and he married, 2d, May 
14, 1848, Sarah AL, daughter of Richard and Sally 
Strong of Dublin, born Nov. 19, 1823; he died Dec. 
26, 1895. 

I. HiR.\M C, born Dec. 8, 1845; iinmarried. Is jjublisher of a inonthh- 

literarj' paper, the "Home Companion," which he started in 
April, 1872, and is a dealer in periodicals and 3^ankee notions. 

II. Jknnik, born Sept. 3, 1855; married, Jan. 17, 1883, Fred C. (tow- 

\i\g, of Dublin. Children: 1. Alice Mary Gowing, born Nov. 28, 
1884; 2. Henry Newton Gowing, born Oct. 17, 1886; 3. Albert 
Charles Gowing, born June 2, 1889. 

III. Oka W., born Juh- 22, 1857; married, Feb. 5, 1878, Louie E. 

Leaden of East Berkshire, Vt. Died May 20, 1893. Children: 
1. Warren Orel, born Nov. 22, 1879; 2. Walter Martin, born 1S81 ; 
3. Lavcrn Eva, born May 26, 1889. 

Joseph NuRvSE, born Jan. 26, 1724; married, Feb. 27, 
1746, Sarah Walkup. It is not definitely knowMi when 
they first came here, but as early as 1776, and perhaps 
earlier. The history of Fitzwilliam says that Mr. and 
Mrs. Nurse were recommended by the church in 
Framingham, April 21, 1776, and received by the 
chiu-ch in h'^itzwilliam, July 14, 1776. Mr. Nurse 
died Feb. 8, 1812, and Mrs. Nurse died Aug. 27, 
1784. They had ten children, i to vi, recorded in Hop- 
kinton, Mass., vii to ix, baptized in Framingham, x, 
added from the old history. Sarah, Molly and Bath- 
sheba appear to have married and settled in Massa- 
chusetts before the remainder of the family came here. 

I. Sarah, born Feb. 11, 1747. 

II. Molly, born Sept. 15, 1749. 

lu. Jonathan, born Feb. 9, 1751 ; married Thaidcfni . Me left tf)\vn 

about 1790. The old histor}- says in one jilacc, "moved to 
Ohio," in another, ".settled in Putnev." Had children born and 
recorded in Fitzwilliam. Children: 1. Nahhy, born jnly 15, 
1782; 2. David, bom Nov. 16, 1784; 3. Jonathan, born March 
10, 1787; 4. Stephen, born Aug. 4, 1789. 

IV. Bathsheha, born Nov. 9, 1752. 

V. JosKiMi, born June 13, 1755; married, Feb. 24, 1785, Mary Hrncc 

and settled in Dnmmerston, Vt. 

VI. Hannah, born March 15, 1757; married, Dec. 19. 1782, Colman 

Sanderson. The old history says Sanders, and states that thev 
moved to Leverett, Mass. 


Yii. Reuben, baptized June 7, 1761; married Jeruslia Bruce, who died 
March 3, 1791. He was recommended to the chnrch in Leverett, 
Mass., Aug. 26, 1796, and he probably left town two or three 
years earlier. Had children recorded in Fitzwilliam. The 4th 
child was doxil)tless bj* a 2d marriage after he left the town. 
Children: 1. Sally, born Oct. 6, 1786; died March 13, 1789; 2. 
William Bruce, born Aug. 3, 1788; died May 14., 1791; 3. Sally, 
baptized Aug. 1, 1790; died April 6, 1791; 4. Jeruslm Bruce, 
baptized Oct. 5, 1794. 

VIII. Ebenezer, baptized June 19, 1763. 

IX. K.\TY, baptized Dec. 28, 1766; married, April 17, 1783, Reuben 


X. Prudence, married Moseman, and moved to Ohio. 

Ebenezer Nurse, born June 9, 1763 ; married Priscilla 
Poor of Royalston, Mass., born Jan. 29, 1766; died 
April 26, lS-t4; lived on the home place and died Dec. 
10, 1824. 

I. JosiAH, born Oct. 18, 1785; married, Feb. 6, 1811, Rhoda, daugh- 

ter of Samuel and Rhodii (Johnson) Rockwood. 

II. Luther, born July 16, 1787; married, Nov. 12, 1811, Lucy, born 

June 21, 1789, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Davis. Chil- 
dren: 1. Eliza, born Aug. 13, 1812; 2. Josiab, born Oct. 1, 1813. 

III. Lucy, born June 30, 1789; married, July 3, 1810, Moses Drury of 

Fitzwilliam; died April 2, 1827. 

IV. William, born July 6, 1791; died Dec. 14, 1791. 

V. Sarah, born Nov. 25, 1792; married Solomon Goddard. 

VI. Selecty, born March 25, 1795; married, Feb. 2, 1819, John Morse. 

VII. Joseph, born Sept. 10, 1797; married, March 11, 1825, Nancj' 


VIII. Asa, born Ma\' 9, 1801; married, 1835, Olive Cummings. 

IX. Jerusha, born Sept. 10, 1804; died 1834. 

X. William, born June 3, 1807; married, 1827, Charlotte Kimball. 
XL Maria, (twin), Ijorn June 3, 1807; died Feb. 10, 1832, unmarried. 

Brown Nurse was born at Harvard, Mass., June 24, 
1804; married Mary, daughter of Stephen Wheeler, 
Dec. 15, 1831. He was a descendant of Dea. David 
Nurse, who married Rachael Barrett of Concord, 
Mass., and who was a recruiting officer for the Ameri- 
can army, in the Revolutionary war, and the captain 
of a company of minute men w^hich he called out on 
the alarm being given that the British were at Con- 
cord ; but having some twelve or fourteen miles to 
march, he arrived too late for action, the British 
having retired. The eldest son of Dea. David was 



David Nurse, lioni Oct. 1, 1762; married, Dec. 14-, 
1793, Lois Brown and located in Harvard as a farmer. 
He w'as called out in the Shay's insurrection, and was 
offered the post of aid to the commanding officer, 


which he declined, ]ireferring that of the soldier. He 
endured some hardships on account of the severe cold, 
while in pursuit of Capt. Shay and his party, but 
came to no engagement. Brown Nurse was the fourth 
son of David. He came to Troy in August, 1829, 
stopped about ten months, taught school in District 
No. Three, went to Richmond in June, 1830, and 
engaged in trade. He resided there until November, 


1835, when he came to Troy, purchasing a stock of 
goods of his father-in-law, and resumed trade. He was 
a man of abilit3'' and took a great interest in the wel- 
fare and prosperity" of the town. He served the town 
as postmaster for nearU- fourteen years, and was a 
representative in the Legislature in the years 1850 and 
1851. He died suddenly in church at Fitchburg, Feb. 
21, 1869; Mrs. Nurse died Oct. 16, 1865. 

I. Mary Jane, born Aug. 2, 1S33; married Walter A. Fairl)anks. 

Beriah Oakes w^as born in Sudbury, Mass., Jan. 28, 
1797; married, Dec. 3, 1821, Polh^ Hayden, born July 
10, 1793; died Nov. 15, 1863; his widow died Nov. 
13, 1872. 

I. John, born Sept. 29, 1822; died Feb. 21. 1874. 

II. Rehecca, born March 25, 1824- ; married Rol)1jins; died July 

10, 1859. 

III. Olive Goodnow, born Aug. 20, 1825. 

IV. Appleton, born Feb. 24, 1827. 

V. Joel Stearns, born Dec. 4, 1829; died May 17. 1831. 

VI. Joel H.wdex, born .Vug. 5, 1831 ; died. 

vn. Mary A., born Feb. 15, 1835; married Web.ster Corey. 
VIII. Charlotte Am.\nda, born Fel). 25, 1837; married Webster Corey; 
died Feb. 22, 1855. 

Appleton Oakes, son of Beriah, born Feb. 24, 1827; 
married, Nov. 10, 1852, Lucy Jane, born , daugh- 
ter of Henry Stickney ; died Aug. 24, 1874. His widow 
married, 2d, June 3, 1875, Stephen M. Follansbee, 
born in Weare, Aug. 18, 1834; died June 22, 1896. 

I. William Edmund, born in Fitchburg, Nov. 26, 1853 ; married Lizzie 

5. Leonard of Lawrence, Mass., Nov. 9, 1876. Children: 1. 
Lizzie Gertrude, born March 15, 1879; 2. George Edmund, Ijorn 
Nov. 28, 1883; died Nov. 28, 1887; 3. Jennie May, born March 

6, 1886; died Dec. 5, 1887; 4. Fred Edmund, born Nov. 28, 
1889; died Jan. 1, 1890; 5. Lucy Jane, born Sept. 21, 1891; 
died Nov. 10, 1891; 6. Blnnchc G., born June 30, 1893. 

II. George Webster, born in Tro^-, April 1, 1856; married, 1st, Nov. 

24, 1888, Sadie Clapp; married, 2d, May 9, 1889, Lizzie E. 
Tuttle of Winchester. 

III. Frederick Warren, born in Tro\-, Sept. 28, 1860. 

IV. Lizzie E., born in Marlborough, Sept. 9, 1863; married, June 26. 

1884, George W. Putnam. Childreti: 1. Fred Mehin Putnam, 
born March 28, 1885; 2. Lottie Mav Putnam, born Aug. 12, 1888. 



Frederick Warren Oakes, is the son of Appleton and 
Lucy Jane (Stickney) Oakes, and was Ijorn in Troy, 
Sept. 28, 1860. When about eight years of age he 
was sent to Jaffrey, where he Hved in the family ot 

Rev. Frf:i)Erick \V. Oakes. 

Jonathan Coburn for one and one-half years, for his 
board, clothes and schooling. Later he lived in the 
families of John Lawrence and a Mr. Ray for about 
six years. After this he was put to learn the black- 
smiths' trade in Dublin, but one day's experience was 
enough. He returned to Troy, and for one year was 
employed in the Tro}^ Blanket Mills, and for two years 


watched the ledge in Marlborough, for the Cheshire 
railroad, under the direction of S. M. Follansbee. He 
was then about seventeen years of age, and \vhile 
alone with the rocks and trees he began to hear a 
voice calling him to a larger sphere of life, and he once 
more left home for Lawrence, Mass., where he found 
employment with the Street Railway Company, using 
pick and shovel. The superintendent, seeing that this 
young man was determined to earn his own living 
soon found him a position as car driver, and in two 
weeks advanced him to conductor, at ten dollars per 
week, which seemed to him a fabulous sum. Later he 
entered a machine shop at North Andover, for the 
purpose of learning the machinists' trade. He one 
evening attended the Baptist church in Lawrence, 
where a ^^oung theological student was preaching for 
the summer vacation. It was then that the restless- 
ness and real purposes of life took form, the word was 
spoken which enabled him to catch a glimpse of life in 
its reality. He united with this church, and after once 
passing through the uncertainty which always sur- 
rounds a new life, and getting a glimjise of its possi- 
bilities, he began to lit for college, receiving financial 
assistance during his first year, from a Christian lady 
who was desirious of helping him. He attended the 
Nichols Latin school, Lewiston, Me., where for four 
years he maintained himself by canvassing, teaching, 
working in the machine shop through the first vaca- 
tion, and waiting on the table in the summer hotels. 
He graduated from the Latin school in June, 1884, and 
the following September entered Bates College, receiving 
the degree of B. A. in 1888. During his college course 
he worked constantly, teaching \vinters and in hotels 
in summers. During his Junior year he received first 
honors in oratory. His one purpose and duty seemed 
to be the Christian ministry, and in the fall of 1888, 
he entered Yale Theological Seminary, much against 
the wish of many friends. But the narrower views of 
religion were giving way to the wider knowledge. He 


left the Baptist church and united with the Center 
Congregational church of New Haven, Conn., in 1889. 
He graduated from the Theological Seminary in May, 
1891, receiving the degree of B. D. He soon received 
a pressing call to become pastor of the Congregational 
church at Jeftersonville, Vt., which was excepted. He 
remained there until September, 1892, when he accepted 
an urgent call to the Congregational church in Lead- 
ville, Colorado, \vhere he remained for seven months. 
The dissatisfaction with church views, and unrest of 
mind which had been at work for some time finally led 
him to make a change and become a member of the 
Episcopal church, and he was confirmed by Right 
Reverend F. J. Spalding, Bishop of Colorado, and was 
placed rector in charge of All Saints church in Denver. 
And here he seemed to find his real place of usefulness. 
As rector of the church, he within two years relieved 
it from a debt of ten thousand dollars, trippled its 
membership, and placed the church on a strong basis 
spiritually and financially. Denver being the Mecca for 
consumptives, where there are thirty thousand seeking 
health, and many of them without friends and with 
limited means, made it seem that a great opportimity 
was there opened for a place where such persons could 
have the general comforts of home, at an expense 
within their limited means and still not be a charity ; 
and after much thought and care, Mr. and Mrs. Oakes 
decided to take measures for the building of a Christian 
hoine where men and women needing the refinements 
of life might secure them. So with this end in view he 
has been successful in equipping and giving to the 
world the largest and most beautiful philanthropic 
work of America. This noble work was made possible 
by the wealth of such people as the Vanderbilts, 
Auchumutys, Sloans, Lows, Jessups, and Hofifmans of 
New York, and others, who contributed the necessary 
funds for the successful completion of the enterprise, 
and who entrusted $150,000 to Mr. Oakes with which 
to do the work for others. "The Home" comprises 



three Ijuildings : St. Andrews House for men, Grace 
House for mother and son or husband and wife, and 
the Emily House for women, covering an entire block 
of land and connected by a glass-covered porch. There 
is a music room, a library containing two thousand 
volumes, a well equipped gymnasium, with bath rooms, 
lavatories and closets in abundance. "The Home" is 
situated about fifteen minutes' ride by three car lines 
from the Denver postoffice, and is so situated that one 
gets a commanding view of the entire city, the plains 
for hundreds of miles and the Rockies for one hundred 
and fifty miles. "The Home" is a Christian home 
under the direct ownership and management of the 
Episcopal Church of Colorado, but seeks to draw lines 
only at unworthiness of character. Mr. Oakes is super- 
intendent and has built a residence and intends to make 
Denver his permanent home. He married, June 16, 
1891, Mabel Underbill, of Yonkers, N. Y. 

I. Frederick Warren, bom Juh^ 2, 1892. 

II. Elizabeth Biddle, born May 16, 1894. 

Luke Parkhurst, born Dec. 25, 1806; married, 1831, 
Laurana F. Priest, born April 2, 1811. Mrs. I*arkhurst 
died Oct. 13, 1852. Mr. Parkhurst died August, 1872. 

I. Daniel J., born Sept. 1, 1832; died April 8, 1883. 

II. JosiAH, born March 24-, 1834. 

III. Nancy M., born Jan. 16, 1836. 

IV. Luther C, born Feb. 21, 1839. 

V. Laura A., born May 10, 1841. 
vi. Martha J., born Sept. 17, 1843. 

VII. Luke, born Aug. 9, 1845; married, 1st, April 20, 1872, Luella E. 

Roinidy, who died Jan. 30, 1873; and he married, 2d, M^iy 5, 
1875, Ella H., daughter of Algernon S. Butler. 

VIII. Elmira, born Aug. 9, 1847. 

Moses S. Perkins, son of Moses, married, Nov. 15, 1820, 
Cosby, daughter of Abraham Coolidge, and located on 
the Edmund Bemis farm, ^vhere he lived until 1850, 
when he removed to Jafifrey, where he died Feb. 27, 1875. 

I. Sarah, born Sept. 7, 1822 ; married, Sept. 12, 1848, Merrill P. Far- 

rar of Romeo, Mich.; died Jan. 19, 1854. 

II. Phebe, born Nov. 17, 1824; married, Nov. 2, 1847. James L. 




III. Hart, born Sept. 20, 1828; married, July 25, 1854, Tliebe P. 


IV. Charles, born Oct. 27, 1833; married Sarah R. Eveletli. 

V. Dorcas, born June 24', 1835; married, July 24, 1855, James S. Lacy. 

VI. Cozmi-:, born Jnne 28, 1838; married John V. Tenney. 

VII. Mary, l)orn May 24, 1840; married Fred W. Bailey; died Dee. 8, 


Nathaniel Parker married, 1st, Nov. 27, 1834, Eliza, 
daughter of Zopher Whitcoml:), and located on the 
Ward place, which he 
purchased of Col. D.W. 
Farrar. Mrs. Parker 
died June 4, 1854, and 
he married, 2d, 1849, 
Nancy, sister of his for- 
mer wife. He died Oct. 
30, 1857, aged fifty- 
one years. His widow 
died Sept. 6, 1882. He 
w^as an honest, upright 
man and an excellent 

I. H A.MILTON, born Feb. 2, 


II. Minerva, born Ang. 4, 1838 ; 

died June 4, 1854. 

III. Ellen, born Dec. 24, 1846; 

married OHver P. Whit- 

Hamilton Parker, son of 
Nathaniel, born Feb. 2, 
1836; married, December, 1857, Eunice A., daughter of 
Caleb and Polly (White) Sweetser, born May 7, 1835; 
died June 20, 1886. 

I. Wilford E., iDorn April 8, 1860; married, Ai)ril 6, 1886, Hattie J. 
Collins of Keene. One child, Arthur Hatniltoii, born March 11, 


Benjamin F. Piper, born in Jaffrey, Nov. 27, 1847; mar- 
ried, Oct. 4, 1870, Georgianna Shannon of Moulton- 
borough, born Jan. 1, 1850; died March 7, 1895. 

I. George L., born vSept. 13, 1874; married, Oct. 16, 1895, Mary 
Carpenter. One child, Anna Elizabeth, born Nov. 18, 1896. 

Nathaniel Parker. 


II. Evp:rett Edwin, born Aug. 18, 1877. 

III. Winifred, born June 22, 1880. 

IV. .\XXA ViOL.\, born Nov. 13, 1881; died Oet. 13, 1883. 

Asa Porter was the sixth child of Asa and Eunice W. 
Porter of Marlboronoh, l:)orn July 5, 1788; married 
Sybil Osborne of Troy, and settled in Weathersfield, 
Vt., where he resided luitil he came to Tro^- in 1832, 
when he purchased the mills formerly owned by Silas 
Wheeler. The following year he sold his real estate to 
Joseph AI. Forristall and moved to Alarlborough. He 
soon afterwards returned and resided one year on the 
Flint place, two years on the Daniel Starkey farm, and 
then moved to Waltham, Mass., where he resided ten 
3"ears ; in 1855 he went to Oregon, where he died. 

I. Hexrv a., born Oct. 12, 1817. 

II. Leon.\rd W., born Sept. 14, 1820; married Mary Howard of Hop- 

kinton, Mass.; removed to Boston. 

III. Almir.\, born Jan. 1, 1823; married Luke Bemis of Waltham, Mass. 

IV. LoRiND.\, born Dec. 25, 1828; married Amos W. Buttrick of Win- 

v. Louisa, born March 14, 1831 ; married OHver Smith of Winchendon. 

Henry A. Porter, son of Asa, born Oct. 12, 1817; mar- 
ried, April 7, 1812, Czarina, daughter of Joseph M. 
Forristall, and located in Waltham, and later in 
Boston. He came to Troy in 1853 and purchased ix 
farm of Isaac Stowell, the one now owned b\^ Fred 
Whitcomb, and resided there until 1862 or 1863, when 
he left town. He was a successful farmer, and served 
several years as one of the selectmen; resides in Ayer, 

I. Henrietta J., born Nov. 2, 1850. 

II. Charles Henry, born Oet. 17, 1855. 

NoAH Porter, son of Joel of Marlborough, born July 6, 
1794; married, March 5, 1820, Abigail Hobert of 
Groton, Mass., born Aug. 17, 1797. He lived in 
Jaffrey and Marlborough, where his wife died July 30, 
1875. He then came to Troy, where he died Dec. 10, 

I. LoRiNDA H., born Dec. 29, 1820; married Jonathan Page of JaftVe^-. 

II. RoANCY A., born in JaftVey, July 16, 1822; married, 1st, Joseph J. 

Piper; married, 2d, Abel J. Burpee. 


III. Sarah L., born in Jaffrcy, Sept. 15, 1S24'; married, 1st, William 

Ward; married, 2d, Alvan W. Lewis of Leominster, Mass. 

IV. Charles W., born in Marlboroitgh, March 26, 1826; married Sa1)ra 

Wheeler of Acworth. 

V. Catherine H., born in Mtirlborough, Felj. 4, 1S28; married, 1st, 

Josiah Newell of Jafifre^'; married, 2d, I. Wheeler of Acworth. 

VI. George W., born in Marlborough, Dec. 29, 1829; married Elizabeth 

Wheeler of Acworth. 

VII. Harriet W'., born in Marlborough, July 9, 1833; married Asa C. 

H em en w a 3'. 

VIII. Fka.xcis J., born in Marlborough, Feb. 10, 1836; married Kllen 

Higgins of Hinsdale; died Oct. 27, 1862. 

IX. Eliza A., bom in Marlborough, May 20, 184-0; died Nov. 23, 


Jedediah Putney was lioni in Asliiield, Mass., 1777; 
married, 1st, June 3, 1801, Abigail, daughter of Jonas 
and Abigail (Maynard) Knights, born Aug. 26, 1776; 
died vSept. 8, 1832; married, 2d, Jan. 24, 1833, Mrs. 
Hannah, widow of Martin Rockwood, and daughter 
of Jacob and Mercy (Totman) Woodward of Marl- 
borough. Settled in Fitzwilliam about 1808, and came 
to Troy in 1837, buying the Calvin Starkey farm, 
where he resided seven years, and in 1844 bought a 
farm of Horatio Lawrence. He died Feb. 21, 1861, 
and Mrs. Putney died vScpt. 16, 1880. 

I. Jonas K., married Phebe Flagg. 

II. Joseph M., married, April 23, 1829, Mary, born Jan. 14, 1809, 

daughter of Nathan and Polly (Davidson) Winch. No record of 
children but a daughter. One child, Susan M., died in Troy, Feb. 
24, 1851, aged 4 years. 

III. Leonard, married Woodworth. 

IV. Manasseh, born Jan. 30, 1808. 

V. Nathan, born April 28, 1810; died May 16, 1891, unmarried. 

VI. Moses, born May 12, 1812; married, Feb. 17, 1841, Mary, born 

May 25, 1808, daughter of Moses and Patty (Banks) Pratt of 

VII. Nahi'm, born June 3, 1815; married Julia Chase; died June 12, 

1863, in Algiers, La. ; resides in Kichmf)nd. 

VIII. Sewell, born Feb. 1, 1817. 

IX. Susan, died June 14, 1820, aged 1 year, 6 months. 

X. Charles. 

George N. Parmenter, son of Warren and Sally (Haines) 
Parmenter was born in Sudbury, Mass., June 4, 1844; 


married, April 5, 1873, Ellen M., daughter of Reuben 
and Melinda A. (Lane) Morse; died May 5, 1895. 

I. George Livingston, born July 21, 1883. 

Orren H. Peck, born in Weston, Vt., Feb. 14, 1833; 
married, 1st, June 6, 1861, Hattie A. Cheney, born in 
Chesterfield, March 16, 1844; married, 2d, March 16, 
1880, Mrs. Mary L. Clark, widow of Geo. W. Clark, 
born Dec. 25, 1838. Children, by 1st marriage. 

I. Etta C, born in Kichmond, March 11, 1863; married Warren N. 


II. William C, born in Swanze}', Sept. 1, 1865; married, Jvme 11, 

1892, Addie M., daughter of Barton and Jenettie C. (Stone) 
Grant of Fitzwilliam. 
in. Artemas 0., born in Troy, Feb. 22, 1868; married, June 2, 1885, 
Annie L., daughter of George W. and Mary F. (Briggs) Clark. 
Children: 1. Ethel, born Dec. 31, 1866; 2. Irwin Herbert, born 
Feb. 24, 1889; 3. Bessie Miriam, born Nov. 22, 1891; died Aug. 
29, 1892; 4. Ernest Daniel, born Jan. 26, 1893; 5. Merton, born 
Sept. 24, 1894; died Aug. 12, 1895; 6. Gordon Benjamin, born 
Nov. 2, 1895; 7. Lyman Judson, born Nov. 27, 1896. 

Joseph J. Piper, born Aug. 31, 1818; married, April 12, 
1842, Ronancy A., daughter of Noah I^orter; died Oct. 
5, 1857. His widow married Abel J. Burpee. Children 
born, I, in Troy, ii to v, in Jafifre\% vi to vii, in Marl- 
borough, VIII, in Swanzey. 

I. Abby J., born Oct. 9, 1842; died March 27, 1846. 

II. Eloesa S., born Nov. 24, 1844; married, June 5, 1867, Cornelius 

P. Harding; died Jan. 6, 1876. 
in. George W., born March 28, 1846; married, Jan. 25, 1879, Lizzie 
S. Smith. 

IV. Charles 0., born Dec. 2, 1847; died April 6, 1850. 

V. Emma J., born Aug. 23, 1850; married, June 27, 1872, Charles 


VI. Willie O., born Nov. 21, 1852; married, July 1, 1874, Hester 

vii. Charles L., bom Aug. 10, 1854; married, ]vi\y, 1874, Kate Mor- 

VIII. Fred F., Ijorn Feb. 21, 1859. 

Albert Pratt, adopted son of Moses IVatt, was born in 
Marlborough, July 20, 1830; married, April 30, 1861, 
Nancy W., daughter of John W. and Nancy B. (Foster) 
Wheeler. Mr. I'ratt was for many years a respected 
citizen of Trov, and is still liA'ingin North Dana, Mass., 


with his daughter. Mrs. Pratt died May 13, 1875. 
Children iDorn in Troy. 

I. Fannie M., boni Sept. 20, 1865; married, Jan. 23, 1889, Willie A. 

Towne ; resides in North Dana, Mass. 

II. Edith M., born 1869; died Jul.v 9, 1871. 
HI. A son, born and died Dec. 18, 1873. 

Abraham Randall, born Nov. 24, 1731; married Sarah 
Lyon; died 1804. Lived in the western part of the 
town a fev^ years and then removed to Swanzey. 

I. Freelove, born Jan. 11, 1754- ; married Jonathan Wheeler. 

II. M,\KY, born Oct. 22, 1756; married Ananias Aldrieh. 

III. Reuben, born Jan. 27, 1760. 

IV. Levi, born Dec. 22, 1761 ; married Hnldah Newell of Richmond ; 

died July 3, 1843. 

V. Wait, born April 10, 1763. 

VI. Sarah, born Aug. 20, 1765; married David Twitchell. 

VII. RuFUS, born Dec. 5, 1768. 

vni. AsAHEL, born April 30, 1770; married Damaris Whitcomb. 
i.\. Stephen, born Feb. 15, 1774.; married Esther Hammond. 
X. Abraham, born Oct. 7, 1778. 

\i. William, born Sept. 26, 1780; married, 1st, Sarah Parmenter; 
married, 2d, Mrs. Mahala Kelton ; died April 11, 1859. 

Levi Randall, son of Abraham, born Dec. 22, 1761 ; 
married Huldah, daughter of Joseph Newell, 1st, of 
Richmond; died July 3, 1843. He was the first person 
to locate on the farm occupied by Luther Whittemore, 
and after living there some years he sold out and went 
to Richmond. 

I. Makv, born Jan. 3, 1793. 

II. Benjamin, born July 28, 1794. 

III. Joseph, born Aug. 24, 1796. 

IV. Levi, born Aug. 31, 1798. 

V. Huldah, born Aug. 31, 1798. 

vi. Abraham, born Aug. 16, 1800; died Sept. 29, 1873. 
VII. Lucy, born July 15, 1802; died April 12, 1803. 
viii. Reuben, born July 15, 1804; died July 8, 1818. 

IX. Elisha, born Aug. 2, 1806; died Nov. 10, 1809. 

X. vStepiien, born March 9, 1808. 
XL Lvman, born April 17, 1810. 
XII. Jonas, born Nov. 14, 1811. 
xiii. John, born April 15, 1814. 

XIV. Silence, born April 18, 181() ; married Edson Starkey of" Richmond. 

XV. David, bom Feb. 14, 1819. 


Walter G. Randall, son of George W., born in Richmond, 
Aug. 20, 1856; married, Sept. 24-, 1885, Annie F., 
daughter of John Lahifif of Keene, born Jan. 7, 1865. 
He has been employed for several years in the spinning 
department of Troy Blanket Mills. During 1894, he 
purchased of J. W. Raymond a lot on the muster field 
and erected a house where he now resides. George W. 
Randall was the son of Willard Randall, born Sept. 6, 
1830; married, Oct. 18, 1854, Hannah, daughter of 
Nicholas Cook; died in Richmond. 

I. Dox W.\LTER, born in Gardner, Jan. 18, 1888. 

II. K.\LPH Aldrich, born Nov. 20, 1889. 

III. DoKis Imoge.xe, born Feb. 9. 1895; died Aug. 18. 1895. 

IV. Fred.\ Gr-4.ce, born June 26, 1896. 

Nelson W. Rice, son of Luke, of Winchendon, born April, 
1840; married, June 5, 1867, Jennie M. Brooks, born 

Feb. 17, 1852. Came to Troy in and purchased 

the farm on West Hill, where he now resides. 

I. Chloe Eliz.\, born Dec. 14-, 1870; married John P. Hale. 

II. Ell.\ J.\ne, born Nov. 6. 1874- ; died July 17, 1880. 

Barrett Ripley was the son of Franklin and Charlotte 
(Barrett) Riple3^ of Greenfield, Alass., where he was 
born Sept. 26, 1827. He was educated in Greenfield 
and vicinity, and when a young man he went to 
Springfield, Mass., where he was employed in the hard- 
w^are store of Homer Foote & Co. He went to Keene 
about 1850, and became a member of the firm of Elliot 
& Ripley, hardware dealers, where he remained in busi- 
ness until 1864 or 1865, when he sold out. Mr. 
Ripley then Avent to Waterbury, Conn., for a year, 
where he held a position in a manufactory. He became 
a resident of Tro}- in November, 1865, when he pur- 
chased, in company with John Henry Elliot and others 
of Keene, the blanket business of Thomas Goodall, now 
known as the Troy Blanket Mills, of which he was 
superintendent until a short time before his death. He 
resided in Troy for ten years, when he moved to Keene, 
\vhere he became a prominent citizen and business 
man. He was a director in the Cheshire National 


Bank for several years, taking a prominent part in the 
management of its affairs. He also served as one of 
the trustees of the Cheshire Provident Institution, 
being: also a member of the board of investment. He 

Barrett Riplev. 

had the rejjutation of being a successful business man- 
ager, and his counsel and advice were sought and 
valued by his associates, fellow citizens and employees. 
He married, Sept. 2, 1852, Mary Colton, 1)()rn in 
Springfield, Mass., Jan. 6, 1832, daughter of Zimri and 
Sophia (Van Horn) Richmond. Mr. Riplev resided 
where Mrs. C. W. Brown now lives, but removed to 
Keene in November, 1875; he died Jan. 10, 1888. 



I. Franklin, born Oct. 12, 1853. 

II. M.^KTHA Barrett, Ijorn Marcli l(i, 1S5G; married Francis C. 


in. Mary Richmond, born May 22, 1858. 

IV. Harriet Buckminster, born Aug. 6, 1860. 

V. Sophia Van Horn, born Dec. 23, 1862; died Dec. 11, 1865. 

VI. John Barrett, born July 4, 1868; died Jan. 28, 1874. 
vii. Louisa Aleen. born Jan. 20, 1875; died May 4, 1876. 

Franklin Ripley, son of Barrett, born Oct. 12, 1853; 
married, Sept. 8, 1880, Clara I., born June 26, 1854, KU'I.KV, 

daughter of Charles and Elizabeth E. (Richardson) 
Keyes of Keene. He graduated from Phillips Academy, 
Andover, in 1872, and from Amherst College in 1876. 


After graduating he entered the employ of Tro\' Blanket 
Mills as bookkeeper, serving in that capacity and as 
assistant to his father until 1888, when he was 
appointed superintendent, which position he has held 
until the present time. He has been a member of the 
Board of Education for several years. Has served as 
one of the firewards for a number of years, and also 
as moderator. In 1881, purchased of Moses E. 
Wright, the place where he now resides. 

I. John Barrett, born Sept. 13, 1881. 

II. Fr.\nklin, born Dec. 5, 1882. 

III. Elizabeth, born Feb. 16, 1884. 

IV. Mary Sophia, born June 23, 1886. 

V. George, born Ma}- 8, 1893. 

CoTv. Richard Roberts was from Bolton, Mass. He 
married, Feb. 9, 1765, Sybil Goodenough, born May 
31, 1747. He died in his chaise, Sept. 10, 1801, while 
returning from Keene. 

I. ZiLPH.\^ ; married Col. Josej^h Frost of Marlborough ; died Ajiril 

5, 1822. 

II. Phebe, born April 25, 1772; married, 1st, 1789, Benjamin Frost 

of Marlborovigh ; he died and she married, 2d, Jan. 4, 1803, 
Henry Morse of Swanze^v; died April 28, 1835. 

III. LuciNDA, born Dec. 4, 1776; married, March 7, 1796, Thomas 

Binney of Westminster, Vt. 

IV. An infant son, who died in 1777. 

Jonas Robinson, or Robeson as the name was first ^vritten, 
was a native of Lexington, Mass. He married, 1st, 
Sept. 3, 1796, Betsey, born July 10, 1777; died March 
2, 1807, daughter of r>Jeui)en and Sarah (Kendall) 
Ward; married, 2d, 181v5, Susan Bellows of Walpole, 
who survived him. He died Aug. 24-, 1819, aged 49 

I. Eliza Ann, born April 27, 1798; married, Dec. 7, 1820, Dr. Tlionias 

Wells of Columbia^ S. C, and died there. 

II. Jonas, born May 10, 18()(); married Farrell of Maine; resides 

in Louisiana. 

III. Maria, born Nov. 23, 1802; married I). P. Clark of New York; 

removed to New Milford, Ct., w'here she died. 

IV. John Ward, born Jan. 30, 1805; was a physician; died in South 

Carolina, aged twent^'-two years. 

V. Marv Ann Louisa, born April 22, 1816; died March 28, 1822. 


VI. Abel Bellows, l)orn A])ril Id, 1817; married Susan Taylor of New 
Haven, Ct. He was a ])hysician in New York City. He died in 
1855; she died in 1857. 

John Rogers was born in Westboro, Mass., Nov. 13, 1747; 
married, 1769, Esther Ball, born in Grafton, Mass., 
Dec. 9, 1745. His descendants claim that he was the 
twelfth generation from John Rogers, the martyr, who 
was burned at the stake in Smithfield, England. He 
w^as a settler here probably before 1773. His wife died 
Dec. 13, 1811, and he then went to reside with his son- 
in-law, Capt. Shnbael Stone, where he died June 4, 
1827. He is represented as being a strong, active man, 
and withal a great hunter, spending a large proportion 
of his time in pursuit of game. 

I. Polly, born Jan. 31, 1770; inarried Shubael Stone. 

iL John, born April 1, 1772; died May 18. 1796. 

in. Eli, born April 25, 1774; died in Watertown, N. Y., in 1817. 

IV. Thomas, born June 15, 1776; died Nov. 17, 1778. 

V. JosiAH, born Aug. 22, 1778; removed to Scio, N. Y. 

VI. Esther, born Aug. 12, 1780; married Eiihraim Ke^'es; removed to 


VII. Elizabeth, born Nov. 26, 1782; married, Aug. 17, 1800, George 

Goodenough ; removed to Pisa, N. Y. 

VIII. Abijah, born March 9, 1785. 

IX. Sally, born March 12, 1789; married Silas Coffin; removed to 


JosiAH Ruffle, born Oct. 14, 1842; married, Jan. 8, 1868, 
Mrs. Pauline Buck wold, born in 1840. Mr. Ruffle has 
been employed as teamster for Troy Blanket Mills sev- 
eral years and a few years since purchased a lot and 
erected his present residence. 

I. Edward Samuel, born Dec. 15, 1877. 

LoYELL RuGG became a resident of Troy in 1845, when he 

purchased a part of the Samuel Farrar farm of 

Howard, the place afterward owned by Willard White. 
He had previously lived in Royalston from which place 
he removed to Fitzwilliam in 1842. He married Mary 

I. Albert Williams, born June 22, 1837. 

II. Jane Adelia, born Aug. 1, 1841. 

III. Laura Maria, born May 19, 1843. 

IV. Martha Eliza, born Feb. 22, 1845. 


V. George N., born July 29, 1846. 

VI. Margaret B., born May 19, 1848. 

VII. Mary Ann, born March 11, 1854. 

VIII. Wright L., born Aug. 3, 1855. 

IX. Chloe Augusta, Ijorn July 25 and died Oct. 21, 1857. 

Edward Russell was born in Dunkirk, Scotland, 1831; 
married Ann Conboy, who was born in Sligo, Ireland, 
1841. He died in Troy, Dec. 15, 1867. His widow 
married, 2d, Daniel Casey. 

I. George Perry, 1)orn in Otis, Mass., Fell. 11, 1862. 

II. Edw^ard Jones, born in Troy, April 22, 1867; died at Asheville, N. 

C, April 15, 1897. 

David Saunders, from Billerica, Mass., came to this region 
probably in the fall of 1780; married Molly Living- 
stone, who died June 25, 1822, aged seventy-one years. 
He died June 19, 1823, aged seventy-seven years. 

I. Charles, married, Dec. 22, 1796, Sally, daughter of Silas and Eliz- 

abeth Angier of Fitzwilliam. 

II. Isaac. 

III. Ezra, married Polly, daughter of Abijah and Mary Stowell. 

IV. Polly, married, Feb. 24, 1799, Amos Locke. 

V. Sarah, baptized June 24, 1781; married, Jan. 26, 1801, Luther 


VI. Joshua, born June 30, 1782; died March 4, 1790. 

VII. John, born Aug. 11, 1784; married, Jan. 26, 1807, Mary, daughter 

of Nahum and Mar^' (Taylor) Howe. 

VIII. Jesse, born June 1, 1786. 
i.K. Levi, born Aug. 23, 1789. 

-x. LoviNA, born Aug. 23, 1789 (twin); married, Jan. 19, 1807, Jesse 
Livingstone of Unit}-, N. H., who died, and she married, 2d, 
Elisha Drury. 

XI. Joshua, born Nov. 1, 1792; died Nov. 13, 1792. 

XII. Joseph, born Jan. 30, 1794. 

Ebenezer Saunders, a brother of the preceding, was born 
in Billerica, Jan. 11, 1754, and came to this region 
about 1789, and located on the farm afterwards owned 
by Luna Starkey. He lived here until 1813, when he 
removed to Fitzwilliam. He died in Fitzwilliam, Dec. 
7, 1834. Married, Feb. 10, 1786, Martha, daughter of 
Elezear Stickney of Billerica, who died Oct. 29, 1853. 

I. Ehenezer, born Dec. 10, 1786. 

II. Asa, born July 4, 1788; died February, 1854, in Moline, Ills. 

III. Anna, born May 23, 1790; married, Feb. 8, 1810, Silas Ballou. 


IV. HosEA, born March 9, 1792; died August, 1795. 

V. JosHiA Stickxev, boni March 9, 1794 ; died in 1795. 

VI. RoxAXA, born in 1796; died in 1799. 

VII. Elisha, born in 1798; died Nov. 10, ISOO. 

VIII. Joel, born March 14-, 1801; married Alary Bi^clow ; died March 5, 

1870 ; resided in Keene. 

IX. Faxxy. born Sept. 15, 1803. 

X. Jeremy S., born Jidy 18, 1805; died Ans;. 11, 1834-. 

XI. Aruxah Allex, born Sept. 9. 1809. 

ICHABOD Shaw, a brother of Jonathan Shaw, settled a 
little northeast of the village, on the road to West 
Hill. He resided here with his family till 1797, when 
he sold his farm and removed to Vermont. 

I. ZiLi'AH, born March 2, 1773: married, Aug. 24-, 1797, Thomas 

Bruce of Fitzwilliam. 
n. Nancy, born April 12. 1777. 

III. Sally, born Oct. 15, 1799. 

IV. Daniel, born April 20, 1781. 

V. Bexjamix. born Nov. 2, 1783. 

Amos Sibley, l)orn Oct. 19, 1783; married Prudence Har- 
ward, who was born July 27, 1793. He was a scythe- 
maker and learned his trade of his brother in Athol, 
where he married and settled. Soon after he left Athol, 
and after residing a short time at Oxford, Sutton and 
Dudley, successively, he came to Troy in 1816, and 
bought the scythe shop built by Aldrich and Barnard, 
and \vhich was located near C. D. Farrar's pail shop, 
and commenced tlie making of sc\'thes. In 1826, he 
built a new shop in which he carried on business until 
1844. At the time he commenced sc^'the-making here, 
it was considered a good day's work for one man to 
make six scythes, and these were worth ten dollars 
per dozen, but when he closed, bA' the improvements in 
machiner}', one man could make nine c|uite as easily in 
the same time, but they were worth only seven dol- 
lars and a half per dozen. Air. Sibley- lived in a small 
house near the shop till 1832, when he btiilt the large 
house afterward owned by Elliot Whitcomb, now by 
Charles Goldthwait. In 1856, he sold his scythe shop 
to Whitcomb and Forristall, who converted it into a 
pail shop. The next year Capt. Sibley sold his house 



to Elliot Whitconil) and moved to the village into a 
house which he boiight of John J. Wrisley. He died 
Nov. 22, 1863. 


Amos Sihlkv. 


\ViLi..\Ki). born vSept. 29, l.SlO; died March 2S, 1,S12. 

Lucv, born May 6. 1812; died Feb. 2, 1832. 

H.\RRiNGTON, born June 4, 1814-. 

.\iiir,.\iL, born Feb. 3, 1818; married, Fel). 5, 1839, Benjamin .M. 

Emily, born March 13, 1820; married, Oct. 1, l.s4-(), Ceorjre \. 

Flvik.\, born March 19, 1822. 

.\MOS W., born Nov. 13, 1824- ; died June 8, 182G. 
C.\ROLiNE M., Ijorn Sept. 3, 1827; married, Septemlier, 184-."), Ivdwin 

M. Mann, who was drowned ,\]iril 29, 1846. 



IX. Amos W., l)<)rn April 13, 1S31 ; died Sept. 22, 1.S49. 

X. Delano H., born Jmie 22, 1834; married, Dec. 23, 1857, Martha L. 

Garfield; died March 4, 1897. Killed by gas explosion in Boston. 
One child, Leonora, born July 1, 1860. 

XI. GiDEO.N, born Sept. 3, 1839. 

Harrington Sibley is the son of Amos Sibley and was 
iDorn in Troy, June 4, 1814-. He married Alaria R. 

Harrington Siblev. 

Bnttrick, a sister of Edwin Buttrick, Feb. 16, 1837, 
and has been a resident and influential citizen of Fitch- 
burg, Mass., for a good many years. His father was 
a scythe-maker, and he learned the business in the old 
shop at the North end, now owned by Tro\' Blanket 
Mills. After he settled in Fitchburg, he carried on the 


business of scythe-making at West Fitchburg for a 
tiine, but later became connected with the firm of Hey- 
A^ood, Wilson & Co., in the foundry and machine 
business, and is at the present time the oldest surviving 
partner. He has held numerous offices of trust and 
responsibility, and when once chosen has been continu- 
ously reelected. Fitchburg \vas made a city in 1873, 
and he was elected a member of its first Common 
Council, and again chosen in 1875. He served on 
the Board of Aldermen in 1877, 1878 and 1879. He 
was elected a director of the Fitchburg Co-operative 
Bank in 1878, and a director of the Wachusett Na- 
tional Bank in 1879, both of which offices he holds at 
the i^resent time, having been reelected each year since 
the first. He is one of the trustees of the Burbank 
Hospital, a position which he has held for several 
years. He is a member of the First Universalist 
SocietA^ of Fitchburg, in which he has held various 
offices at different times. 

I. Fred H., born Jan. 16, 1838; married, Sept. 27, 1862, Florence F. 

Smith; died Aiig. 17, 1863. 

II. Martha M., born Sept. 17, 1839; married, Nov. 26, 1857, Clark 

S. Simonds, who died Sept. 17, 1862. Children: 1. Maria li. 
Sitnonds, born June 20, 1859; 2. Louise S. Simonds, born Oct. 7, 
1861; died Sept. 20, 1863. 

III. Mary P., born June 20, 1842; married, June 14, 1866, William G. 

Silsby; died Jan. 16, 1871. 

IV. Amos W., born Sept. 6, 1851; died Sept. 8, 1853. 

Stephen F. Silcox, born in England, March 25, 1847; 
married, Oct. 19, 1872, Ellen, daughter of Samuel 

I. Edith, born Feb. 4, 1874; died Nov. 30, 1876. 

II. Florence Hallktt, born Aug. 6, 1876. 

III. Grace Eloise, born Oct. 5, 1886; died Aug. 19, 1891. 

Fisher Silsby, born in Acworth, March 21, 1805; mar- 
ried, Oct. 13, 1835, Drusilla F. McKean, born in 
Salem, Mass., Jan. 7, 1811; died in Troy, June 6, 1888. 
Mr. Silsby came to Troy from Langdon, N. H., in the 
spring of 1857 and commenced work in the tannery of 
Francis Foster. He continued to be employed in the 
tannery until feeble health compelled him to give it up. 




Francis Foster sold out to Leonard Wright, and he to 
Putnam & Phelps of Leominster, Alass. His sons, 

Fisher Silsdv. 

William G. and Robert AL, bought the tannery in the 
spring of 1869. Children all born in Langdon. Mr. 
Silsby died in Rochester, X. Y., May 26, 1891. 

\YiLLi.\>i GiLSOX, born May 11, 1838; married, 1st, June 14-, 1866, 
Mary Prudence, daughter of Harrington and Maria K. Sibley ; she 
died Jan. 16, 1871; and he married, 2d, March 12, 1874, Ada J., 
bom in Charlestown, X. H., Oct. 12, 1846, daughter of David W. 
and Jane Parks. Children: 1. Xellie Mary, born Aug. 24, 1868; 
2. Bertha McKean, born Juh- 7, 1875. 

D.wiD B., born Oct. 3, 1841; married, May 30, 1865, Frances M. 
French, who ^vas born May 16, 1842. Is a salesman; resides in 
Fitchburs;, Mass. One child, Florence L., born .\ug. 2, 1877. 


III. RoiJERT.M., 1)orn April 24, 1844; married, Oct. 29, 1868, Melissa 

S. Bucklin, born in Grafton, N. H., Dec. 7, 1850; resides in 
Rochester, N. Y. One child: Rnc BLinchc, adopted danghtcr, horn 
Jan. 11, 1878. 

IV. Charles M., born Jan. 16, 1849; died Jan. 11, 1879. 

Oliver W. Smith, son of Royal T., was born Dec. 25, 
1831 ; married, 1st, Jtih' 13, 1853, Eunice, born Oct. 29, 
1831; died May 7, 1861, daughter of Levi and Nancy 
Ann (Byani) Harris; married, 2d, Feb. 14, 1862, 
Hannah, born June 12, 1838, a sister of his former 
I. Abel H., born An.?. 11, 1854; married, Ma^^ 27, 1878, Alice M., 
born Feb. 2, 1859, danoihter of Elisha and Sarah (Richardson) 
Bolles of Richmond. 
n. Leslie E., born Jnne 8, 1857; mnrried, Feb. 11, 1879, Ada M., 
born July 21, 1862; died June 4, 1884, daughter of Nathan and 
Rosetta (Whitcomb) Smith of Rindge. 

III. Sidney E., born April 7, 1861; married, Nov. 2, 1885, Etta E., 

born Oct. 28, 1867, daughter of George B. and Eliza Jane (Bolles) 
Handy of Richmond. Children: 1. Carrie Louise, born Ma}' 
9, 1886; 2. Walter ArJoii, born June 22, 1887; 3. Eva May, 
born Feb. 7, 1892; 4. Flossie Geneva, born Nov. 19, 1893; 5. 
Royal Truman, born May 29, 1896. 

IV. Eunice H., born April 26, 1868; married, Jan. 17, 1887, George T. 

Lovewell. Children: 1. A/c^ry .4. LoreAi'e//, born July 19,1890; 
died Dec. 10, 1890; 2. Henrietta F. Lovewell, born Dec. 16, 
1891; 3. Ralph H. Lovewell, born Nov. 18, 1895; died Feb. 8, 

V. Ida L., born Dec. 17, 1869; married George F. Maddox. 

VI. Heriiert O., born June 5, 1871. 

VII. Charles S., born May 20, 1877; died June 18, LS93. 

VIII. Elwin, born Dec. 18, 1879. 

IX. Edwin, born Dec. 18, 1879. 

X. Nellie, born April 10, 1883. 

Eri J. Spaulding, son of Abel Spaulding, born in Jaffrey, 
Oct. 17, 1821; married, 1st, Sept. 3, 1844, Betsey 
F., daughter of Aaron and Dorothy (Howe) Holt, who 
died Aug. 8, 1847; married, 2d, May 14, 1848, Lucy 
Ann, daughter of Capt. John Jones of Dublin, who died 
Feb. 14, 1861 ; married, 3d, Jan. 22, 1868, Maria R. 
Ellis of Springfield, Vt. Mr. Spaulding became a citi- 
zen of Tro}' in March, 1841, and was employed in 
Charles Coolidge's pail shop for two years. He then 
bought the pottery of Capt. Solomon Goddard and 


was engaged in the manufacture of earthern ware for 
five years. He resided in the house with his brother, 
Erastus, a short time, afterwards occupied the Winch 
house, and in 1850 built the house now owned by H. 
W. Hutt, which he occupied for several years, until he 
purchased the Harrington farm, upon which he resided 
until his death. He was a carpenter by trade and 
worked at that business when not engaged in farming. 
He died Jan. 17, 1886. His widow died in Rutland, 
• Vt., March 8, 1889. Children: i and ii by first mar- 
riage ; in to VII by second marriage, and viii by third 

I. DiANTHA R., born Sept. 1, 1S45; married, Sept. 25, 1866, Georji^e A. 

Merrifield. Children: 1. Alice B.; 2. Eva S.; 3. Arthur II. Re- 
sides in Athol, Mass. 

II. Medora Frances, born April 19, 1847. 

III. Lucy Ann, born March 19, 184-9; died in Ascntneyville, Vt., June 

12, 1862. 

IV. Lorenzo C, born Sept. 25, 1850; died Sept. 30, 1850. 

Y. Ellen C, born Aug. 16, 1851, in Dublin; married, May 1, 1877, 
William L. Morse; resides in Marlborough, Mass. One child, 
Pauline H. Mr. Morse is of the firm of Morse & Bigelow. 

VI. Albert Eri, born May 9, 1853; married, 1874 or 1875, Carrie L., 
daughter of Ambrose W. and Elizabeth (Robinson) Spaulding of 
Jaffrey. Removed to Princeville, Ills., where he was principal of 
the high school; died there Oct. 5, 1875. 

Yii. Arbie C, born Aug. 21, 1857; married, Aug. 24, 1878, Dudley S. 
Philbrick of Auburn, Me.; resides in Culhson, Pratt County, 
Kansas. One child, Jessie C. 

VIII. Emma, born Sept. 22, 1870, in Milford, Mass.; died April 8, 1892, 
in Colorado Springs, Col. 

Lyman Spooner was a native of Vermont, born Nov. 26, 
1814; married, April 27, 1842, Almira, daughter of 
Lemuel and Leafy (Knight) Brown. He located in 
Brookline, where he remained a few weeks only ; after- 
wards he resided a short time in Barre and Sudbury, 
Mass. He returned to Troy in the fall of 1842, and 
resided here until he enlisted in the War of the Rebel- 
lion. He was a house painter and devoted most of 
his time to that occupation. In 1853, he bought the 
Cutting sawmill of Warren McClenathan, but sold it 
the following year to Edwin Mann. He died at 


Savannah, Ga., July 7, 1865, of disease contracted in 
the service. 

I. Caroline A., born Sept. 9, 1S43; married, 1st, Edward C. Sutton, 
who died; married, 2d, Christopher F. Lawson. 

Starkey. The earliest records of the Massachusetts 
Bay Colony give, of this surname, first, Robert Starkey of 
Concord, Mass.; second, George Starkej^, or Starke, whom 
Savage says may have been of Lynn, or Maiden; third, 
Roliert Starkey, a mariner, whose house stood on land 
Ijclonging to Rev. Increase Mather and near his own 
house. His will was made in 1705, and his only son, 
Robert, Jr., was a printer and bookseller of Fleet street, 
Boston ; his will was made in 1727, and with him the 
male line became extinct. Fourth, John Starkey of Boston, 
1667. A lineal descendant states that this John Starkey 
came from Standish, county Lancaster, England, and, 
though the connection has not yet been established, yet it 
is rendered probable from the fact that there have been 
large nmnbers of this family in Lancaster County for gen- 
erations, in which the names of John, Thomas, William 
and George prevail. It is from this John Starkey that 
those \vho inhabited this region descended. John Starke}', 
by wife Sarah, had, born in Boston: John, Jr., born Sept. 
23, 1667; Mary; Sarah, born April 1, 1671; Experience, 
born Feb. 3, 1672; Martha, born March 25, 1674; 
Andrew. The records show he was a landholder in 
Maiden and Charlestown, Mass., in 1674- and later, and 
in 1689 that he was an inhabitant of Pcmaquid, Me. 
One authority states that on Aug. 2, 1689, the Penobscot 
Indians, one hundred in number, headed by Moxas, landed 
at New Harbor, on the opposite side of the Point from 
the fort. There they seized an Englishman by the name of 
John Starkey, who was alone, and compelled him to give 
them information in regard to the condition of affairs at 


the fort. They surprised the garrison at broad noonday, 
"no scovits out," and forced Lieut. Weems to surrender; 
terms of capitulation were made and kept, as, several years 
later, Lieut. Weems, then living in New York, presents 
repeated petitions for pay due himself and to his men for 
their services at his fort. Wh^it John Starkey's fate was, 
cannot be learned ; no record has, as yet, yielded to long 
and exhaustive search. Of his family, it is probable that, 
as his lands lay near the fort, they were among those avIio 
w^ere embarked "in Mr. Pateshall's sloop" and ^vere 
carried to Boston. The son, Andrew, was the first of the 
famih' to settle in Attleborough, Mass., to which town he 
moved from Maiden, Mass., where he married, 1st, in 1708, 
Mehitable, daughter of Samuel and Mehitable Waite of 
Maiden, who was born Dec. 22, 1686; died in 1717; he 
married, 2d, Feb. 2, 1717-18, Katherine, daughter of 
Alexander and Sarah (Woodcock) Balcom, who was born 
Feb. 7, 1694. Their children were: Mehitable, John, Jason, 
Jemima, Andrew, Thomas.* 

John Starkey, born Juh% 1712; married, Feb. 2, 1734, 
at Attleborough, Amy, daughter of Capt. Joseph and 
Judith (Peck) Capron, who was born July 15, 1715. 
Their children were: i, John, Jr., born March 6, 1736-7; 
died Oct. 29, 1739; ii, Loes ; iii, Nathan (or Nathaniel) 
who remained at Attleborough; iv, William, born in 1742; 
V, Mehitable; vi, John, Jr., born March 13, 1745-6; vii, 
Enoch; viii, Peter; ix, Chloe; x, Benjamin, who died in 
Troy, unmarried; xi, Joseph. About 1776, Peter, with his 
brothers, John, Benjamin, Enoch and Joseph, came to this 
region and settled. 

Peter Starkey died in February, 1821. His oldest child 
was born in Attleborough; all the others in New 

'The Starkeys of New Englatul," by Emily Wilder Leavitt, Boston, 1S92. 


I. Otis, born Feb. 23, 1774; married Desire Peters. Had children 

recorded: 1. Otis, born Nov. 27, 1797; 2. Lewis, born July 28, 

II. Peter, born Sept. 25, 1777; married Mary, born April 13, 1769, 

daughter of Jonathan and Amy (Brown) Sweet of Richmond, 
ii;. Nathan, born March 12, 1779; married Esther Briggs. One child, 
Briggs, born June 23, 1804. 

IV. Laran, born Jan. 30, 1782; married, March 16, 1802, Polly, liorn 

Jan. 6, 1781, daughter of Isaac and Ruth Jackson. 

V. Benjamin, born June 14, 1785; married Sally Smith. Children: 1. 

Benjamin Proctor, born July 31, 1807; 2. George Wnsliington, 
born April 30, 1809. 

VI. JOHN, born April 3, 1788; married, .-Vug. 20, 1812, Sarah, born Jan, 

6, 1789, daughter of John and Lydia (Taft) Cass of Richmond. 
Had ten children. 

VII. Calvin, born March 17, 1790; married Mary, born June S, 1793, 

daughter of Asa and Eunice (Williams) Porter of Marlborough; 
removed to Townsend, Vt. 

VIII. Lona, 1)orn April 25, 1792; died aged 2 years, 6 months. 

IX. Luna, born Sept. 11, 1794. 

John Starkey, son of John, born March 13, 174.5-46; 
married Mary, daughter of John, Sr., and Rebecca 
(Sweetland) Godding. No family. 

Enoch Starkey, son of John, liorn Jitly 29, 1748; married, 
Oct. 15, 1774, Elizabeth (or Betsey) Blackinton of 
Attleborough, Mass., who was born Jan. 3, 1751; 
died Jan. 18, 1823. He lived in that part of Troy, 
now included in Swanzey, and where he died in 1823. 

I. David, born ; married, March 23, 1797, Lavinia Woodcock. 

II. George, born 1775. 

III. Samuel, born Nov. 30, 1786; married, March 20, 1811, Thankful, 

daughter of Nathaniel and Thankful Bolles. 

IV. Levi, born March 2, 1790; married Hannah Holman of Fitzwil- 

ham; she died Dec. 23, 1846; he died June 17, 1848. 

V. POLLV, born June 15, 1793; married, June 27, 1819, John Tildcu 

of Keene. She died in Westmoreland, June 10, 1854. 

Joseph Starke\% son of John, born in Attleborough, 
Mass. ; married, July 23, 1778, Waitstill, daughter of 
Henry Morse, and lived in Richmond. He served in 
Capt. Oliver Capron's company, Col. William Doo- 
little's regiment, at Winter Hill, Somerville, Mass., Oct. 
6, 1775. 

I. Martha, born March 13, 1779; married, March 4, 1798, Joseph 


II. Esther, Ijorn Jxine 3, 17S3; married Elijah Davenport. 

III. Waitstill, born Jan. 17, 1787; married. May 15, 1811, Noah 


IV. Joseph, bom Sept. 27, 1790; married, Feb. 20, 1812, Lydia 


V. Henkv, born Sept. 1, 1795; married, Feb. 17, 1818, Lncy Woodward. 

VI. Betsey, born May, 1803; married, June 26, 1820, Wilham Wood- 


William Starkey came from Attleborough, Mass., and 
was doubtless a relative of Peter, and came to this 
region probably before 1793. He died about 1808. 

I. Sarah, born Sept. 5, 1794; married Tyler Tenney ; died at the 


II. H.\NNAH, born Oct. 17, 1795. 

III. Naomi, born Sept. 29, 1796; married George Farrar; died Sept. 2, 


IV. William, died in childhood. 

V. Olive, born Oct. 25, 1801 ; married Asher Coolidge. 

VI. Ebenezer, born Nov. 20, 1803. 

VII. Rhoda, born Nov. 12, 1805. 

VIII. Lydia, born Juh' 26, 1807 ; married L. Martin ; resides in Keene. 

Luna Starkey, son of Peter, born Sept. 11, 1794 ; married 
early in 1812, Hannah, daughter of Stephen White, 
born May 1, 1793; died Feb. 18, 1866. For a short 
time he lived in the house with his father, but in 1813, 
he purchased the Ebenezer Saunders farm, where he 
lived until his death, Sept. 17, 1850. 

I. Lr.NA, born Alay 28, 1812; died March 30, 1833. 

II. Daniel, born Feb. 12, 1815. 
m. Bailey, born Jan. 20, 1816. 

IV. Hannah L., born Jan. 19, 1820; married, 1st, Jonathnn Clark, Jr.; 

married, 2d, Daniel G. Carter; died Sept. 9, 1878. 

V. Stephen, born July 20, 1823. 

VI. EzEKiEL, born Nov. 24, 1824. 

VII. Alanson, born Oct. 12, 1826. 

vni. Vienna, born May 15, 1829; died Jan. 30, 1848. 

IX. Edward F., born Oct. 14, 1831; married, Nov. 14, 1850, Mary 

Jane, daughter of Simon and Olive Butler; died April 28, 1859. 
One child, Edward Eugene, born Feb. 1, 1857; died April 22, 

X. Ira G., born March 4, 1834. 

Daniel Starkey, son of Ltma, born Feb. 12, 1813 ; 
married, Oct. 26, 1836, Sarah O. Holbrook ; died 
March 1, 1865; his widow died Dec. 21, 1870. He 


resided a few years in the Bush house and worked at 
shoemaking ; afterwards he hved on the Whitney place 
and on the Nurse farm, where he died. 

I. Daniel Alden, born July 10, 1S38. 

II. Sarah Diana, born March 20, 1841 ; died July 25, 184-2. 

III. Laura Diana, born Feb. 27, 1844; died Sept. 7, 1845. 

IV. Vienna O., born April 19, 1848 ; married Charles LauLj; died March 

23, 1879. 

Bailey Starkly, son of Luna, born Jan. 20, 1816; 
married, November, 1838, Betsey, daughter of Jona- 
than Clark. He died Jan. 1, 1866, and his widow 
married, 2d, Winthrop Knight. 

I. Mary Jane, born Feb. 12, 1840; married Joseph Haskell. 

II. Ellen, born March 13, 1842; married George J. Ripley; died Sept. 

24, 1870. Children: 1. Frank L. Ripley, born Oct. 17, 1860; 
died Nov. 14, 1874; 2. Flora B. Ripley, born Jtm. 21, 1864; 3. 
Walter G. Ripley, born Nov. 28, 1866; died April 18, 1879. 

III. Maria, born Nov. 21, 1845; died Feb. 17, 1847. 

IV. Anna AL, born May 21, 1849; married Oren S. Adams; died Jan. 

14, 1897. 
v. Vienna, born Dec. 14, 1851 ; married Jonas Foster. 

VI. Warren B., born Oct. 8, 1853. 

VII. Walter J., born Dec. 23, 1858; died in 1862. 

Stephen Starkly, son of Luna, born July 20, 1823 ; 
married, Jan. 2, 1849, Polly Sweetser of Fitzwilliam ; 
died March 27, 1853. Mrs. Starkey married, 2d, Oct. 
5, 1858, John T. Leonardson, who died Dec. 6, 1890, 
aged seventy-five. She died Oct. 11, 1892. 

I. Charles Steven, born June 13, 1843; married, 1st, Adelaide R. 

Howard of Richmond, who died July 27, 1885, aged twent\'-nine; 
married, 2d, Nov. 2, 1891, Mrs. Delia Luce. 

II. Caleb Luna, born March 29, 1851; died Feb. 10, 1852. 

Alanson Starkey, son of Luna, born Oct. 12, 1826; mar- 
ried, April 28, 1850, Mary Rice, born April 26, 1830. 
After his marriage he located in the Jacob Boyce house, 
but in 1855 he built the house now owned by Daniel 
Sullivan, and worked in the pail shops for several years. 
After a time he sold this place and went to live with 
Thomas Wright in the house he now occupies. 

L Ann AL\kia, born Jan. 27, 1851; died June 7, 1851. 
XL George Alanson, born Sept. 23, 1852. 
hi. Thomas Wright, born Dec. 7, 1857. 



IV. Fred Siblkv, born Jan. 12, 1866; married. Sept. 24-, 1890, Hattie 

M. Matthews of Fitzwilliam. Children: 1. Harry Matthews, 
born Sept. 1, 1891; 2. Ervin Fred, born Nov. 6, 1894. 

V. Fr.\xk Herbert, liorn A])ril 16, 1873; married, June 16, 1894, Eva 

L. Shi])pey. 

VI. LiELACE M.w, born March 1, 1877; died April 15, 1877. 

George A. Starkey, son of Alanson, born Sept. 22, 1852 ; 
married, 1st, Aug. 31, 1881, Jennie A., daughter of 

George .\. St.\kkev. 

Ivers L. and Almira W. (Gates) Richardson of Alarl- 
borough. She died May 30, 1890, and he married, 2d, 
July 20, 1890, Mrs. Alice Diana Cole. Soon after his 
marriage he bought the Amos Ingalls place, where he 


has since resided and for several 3'ears has been enj^ao^ed 
in the meat and ])rovision lousiness and occupies a 
market ])iiildin<^- which he built, situated near the 
railroad and a short distance north of the de])ot. 
Some twenty years ago he established tiic Alonadnock 
Trout Ponds for the artificial ])ro])agation of the l^rook 
trout, in which business he has been ver\' successful. 
He was one of the selectmen in 1892, 1893 and 1895. 

I. Mary Lillian, born Ma_v 16, 1882. 

II. Nellie Gertrude, l)orn Aug. 23, 1883. 

in. Hexrv Ivers, born Aug. 20, 1886; died Dec. 11, 18<)1. 
IV. Minnie Jennie, Ijorn Jan. 21, 1SS9. 

Thomas W. Starkey, son of Alanson, born Dec. 7, 1857; 
married, June 17, 1879, Emma May Walker, ])orn Aug. 
11, 1855. 

I. Charles H., born Jan. 5, 1880. 

II. Rektie G., born Sept. 25, 1881. 

III. Myrtie Blanche, born Aug. l-t, 1884-. 
lY. Mary Gertrude, born Feb. 4, 1887. 

Y. Lela Belle, born July 14, 1889. 
Yi. Bernice Emma, born Nov. 5, 1893. 

Ira G. Starkey, son of Luna, born March 4, 1834; 
married, Nov. 19, 1862, Augusta, daughter of Dexter 
Warren of Swanzey, born A])ril 27, 1839. After his 
marriage, Mr. Starkey lived for several years on the 
place now owned by H. C. Newton; he then went to 
Winchendon, where he lived for a short time, returning 
to TroY% and purchasing of George Tupper, the Porter 
place on East Hill, where he resided until 1889, when 
he left the farm and went to Kansas. He returned to 
Troy in 1891, and purchased the Ezekiel Peck ])lace in 
the village, where he has since lived, selling his farm to 
Charles Freeman. 

I. Walter H., born Oet. 12, 1863. 

II. CiiAKLES E., l)orn Jan. 16, 1865; died Oct. 7, 1870. 

III. Lri.A A., I)orn Fei). 23, 1867; died (X-t. 13, 1870. 

IV. LcLA A., Ijorn Jan. 28, 1871; died Sc])t. 2, 1871. 

V. Wehster T., 1)orn .\pril 1, 1872; died Scj)!. 2('>, 1872. 

VI. Lester D., born Aug. 8, 1875. 

Walter H. Starkey, son of Ira G. and Augusta (Warren) 
Starkev, was born in Trov, Oct. 12, 18(53. He was 



born and reared upon the farm, attended the common 
schools of the town, and was for several terms under 
the instruction of Mrs. L. B. Wrip^ht, and was a close 
student and desirous of obtainins: a ^ood education. 

Walter H. Starkey. 

Later he entered Ashburnham Academy, at Ashlnirn- 
ham, Mass., from which he graduated, but close 
attention to his studies had impaired his health. He 
was ambitious to become a Greek professor, but the 
failing health interfered with his plans, and seeking a 
change of cHmate with a view to warding off the 
disease, he went to Kansas in the fall of 1883, first 
locating in Nehema County, and for two winters 


taught school near Seneca in that state. During the 
next four years he was deputy county clerk of Nehema 
County, and in the fall of 1888 he entered the law 
department of the State University, from which he 
graduated in 1891. After leaving the university, he 
went to Holland, Jackson County, and entered a law 
office, but only remained there a short time. In Octo- 
ber, 1891, he went to Osage City and entered into 
partnership with J. P. McLaughlin, who had been his 
roommate at the university, under the firm name of 
Stark ey & McLaughlin. He was an estimable young 
man, of good ability and very popular where he was 
known, and had his life been spared he would undoubt- 
edly have made his mark in his profession. He married, 
July 12, 1894, Miss Clara Niles of Osage City, who died 
one vear later. For twelve years the climate held his 
disease in check, but after the death of his wife the 
disease took hold of him again and made rapid progress 
to the end, which occurred March 16, 1896. 
Daniel A. Starkey, son of Daniel, born July 10, 1838; 

married, 1st, who died ; nmrried, 2d, Jan. 

15, 1866, Augusta C, daughter of John Lang, who 
was born in Germany, Sept. 11, 1848. He died March 
1, 1892. 

I. Daniel Alden, Jr., born July 10, 1866; married, April 15, 1890, 

Ellen Rock. Children: 1. Charles Henry, bom Nov. 6, 1890; 2. 
Herbert Samuel, born Sept. 10, 1892; died young. 

II. Alm.\ L., born May 31, 1867; married, June 7, 1891, Walter C. 

Carroll of Winchendon. 

III. Sarah Pauline, born Oct. 8, 1871; died May 8, 1873. 

IV. Lena May, born April 29, 1874; married, Nov. 9, 1892, VaVj^'ay H. 

Blossom. Children: 1. ; 2. vSon, born May 7, 1894-. 

V. John J., born April 4, 1876. 

VL Charles Herbert, born May 15, 1877; died Sept. 11, 1886. 

Yii. Cora C, born Sept. 20, 1878; married, May 29, 1895, Curtis M. 

Huckins of Ashby, Mass. 
Yiii. Leonard W., born Sept. 27, 1879. 

IX. Herbert L.. born Aug. 2, 1881; died Aug. 9, 1882. 

X. Anna A., born Dec. 14, 1885. 
XL Lillian B., born Feb. 18, 1888. 

EzEKiEL Starkey, son of Luna, born Nov. 24, 1824; 
married, July 3, 1850, Lucy M. Drury, who was l)orn 


in Weston, Vt., May 13, 1831. Mr. Starker- worked 
in the pail shops in Troy, and in Ohio and St. Louis, 
for several years, but finally returned to Troy and 
engaged in the livery business, which he carried on 
until a few \'ears since, and was well known to the 
traveling public all over the country, as for a long 
time he carried the passengers from the depot to 
Alonadnock mountain. 

I. Hattie M., born April 25, 1856; died Dec. 30, 1856. 

II. MiXNiK L.. born March 22, 1859; died Aug. 30. 1860. 

III. H.\KKV L., born Jan. 9, 1861; died Feb. 9, 1861. 

IV. Cora L., born April 1, 1866; died Oct. 14, 1878. 

V. Effie Blanche, born April 12, 1873. 

Stanley. Jonathan Stanley, was originally from Acton, 
Mass., settling first in Rindge and then in Jafirey. He 
married Louise, probably a daughter of Benjamin Moors 
of Rindge. He was a soldier in the Revolution. He died 
July 12, 1789, aged forty-one; his wife died Dec. 9, 1828, 
aged eighty-one. He had nine children: Jonathan, John, 
Benjamin Moors, Jedediah, Nathan, Sarah, Abiah, Keziah 
and Abner. 

Jonathan Stanley, the first son, married Betsey Ross, 
daughter of Abraham Ross of Jafirey. He died Nov. 
4, 1852, aged seventy-eight ; his wife died Feb. 10, 
1842, aged sixty -seven. 

I. Abraham, married Lydia Eveleth. 

II. Abner. 

III. Benjamin Moors, born J\ine 12, 1806. 

IV. Alvah, born 1807; married, 1st, Lncv B. Cutting, who died March 

14, 1875; married, 2d, Jane Danforth. Children: 1. Warren; 
2. Henry ; 3. Luella, adopted daughter. 

V. James Ross, born Aug. 5, 1810. 

VI. Persis. 

VII. Jonathan. 

Benjamin Moors Stanley', son of Jonathan, born in 
Jafi'rey, June 12, 1806; married, Feb. 7, 1839, Abigail, 
daughter of Amos Sibley. He resided in Jaffrey until 
1851, when he came to Troy, but returned to Jafirey 
in 1855, and returned to Trov the following year. 



His wife died May 14, 1862 ; he died in Newport, 
N. Y., Feb. 6, 1879. 

I. Benjamin Bradley, born May 1, 184-3; died Nov. 5, 1856. Killed 

in the house of Elijah Harrington, by the discharge of a gun in 
the hands of a young lad, who jjlayfully pointed the fatal 
weapon at him, not knowing it was loaded. 

II. Betsey Ross, born Feb. 26, 1845; died in Fitchburg, Nov. 1, 1883. 

III. Eva Henrietta, born JuW 20, IS+T; married Rev. Randall Aldrich. 

James R. Stanley, son of Jonathan, born Aug. v5, 1810; 
married, Feb. 7, 1850, Abigail, daughter of Daniel 

James R. Sta.nlev. 

Cutting, Jr., who died Sept. 5, 1873. He died June 
21, 1888. He lived with a Mr. Warren of Jaffre}^ for 
several vears until he became of age, where he learned 


the trade of a stone mason, which business he followed 
for a larger part of his life. In 1837, he purchased the 
mill on East Hill, afterwards owned by George S. Col- 
burn, manufacturing clothespins and chairs, and also 
run a grist mill for several years. He lived on the " Stan- 
ley" place in Jaffrey for several years, later on the 
Cutting place, and finally came to the village about 1885, 
purchasing of Edmund Bemis the Wright place, where 
his son now resides. Was town constable for several 
years and selectman at different times for nine terms. 

I. Iami-s Lvforu, born Dec. 1, 1853; married, June 20, 1876, Minnetta 
F., (laughter of George A., and Josephine M. (Cutting) Adams. 

Stone. Capt. George Stone, was born in Lexington, 
Mass., March 21, 1760; married, 1st, Hannah Lovering, 
of Kingston, about 1788, who died Dec. 27, 1826, aged 
sixty-five; married, 2d, Abigail Currier, of Canterbury, in 
1830, who died April 18, 184-9, aged sixty-six. He was a 
soldier of the Revolution, enlisting at the age of fifteen, 
and served five years; participated in the battles of 
Brandywine and Stillwater, and other engagements ; wit- 
nessed the surrender of Burgoyne; endured the suftering 
and privation of the winter encampment at Valley Forge ; 
and was wounded at the battle of Monmouth. On the 
return of peace, he settled in Boscawen, N. H., but the 
depreciation of Continental money left him so poor that 
he had only twenty cents to begin life with. By industry 
he was soon able to purchase twenty acres of land, upon 
which he commenced farming, and in time ac([uired land 
sufficient to give each of his eight children a homestead. 
He died at West Boscawen, Dec. 8, 1834'. His second 
child was John, born Feb. 28, 1792; married Submit 
Sweatt of West Boscawen; died Jan. 25, 1870. The^^ 
had two sons, the second, Hiram George, was born May 
24, 1822; married, 1st, Jan. 26, 1847, Mary Ann C. 
Ticknor of Lebanon, who died Nov. 10, 1856; married, 



2d, Dec. 5, 1857, Lucinda Lane of Ejisoiii. Mrs. vStone 

died Dec. 21, 1891; he died Dec. 26, 1891. 

Melvin T. StOxXE, son of Hiram G., was born in West 
Boscawen, July 28, 185-1; married, Jan. 26, 1882, 
Cora M., daughter of Charles W. and Sarah Frances 
(Taylor) Whitney. His early life was spent upon the 
farm and in attending the common schools of his 

Residence of Dr. M. T. Stone. 

native town, and New Hampton Literary Institution. 
Studied medicine with Dr. F. S. Stillings of Concord, 
N. H., and attended lectures at Dartmouth Medical 
College, from which he graduated in November, 1879. 
Came to Troy, Feb. 20, 1880, and entered upon the 
practice of medicine as successor to Dr. Benjamin H. 
Harriman. In 1887, purchased the Elijah Harrington 
house, previously owned by Eri J. Spaulding, which 
was considerably enlarged and improved, and where he 
has since resided. Was superintending school com- 
mittee and a member of the school board from 188.'} 
until 1887; was chosen representative to tiie General 
Court in 1887, and has been town clerk from 1887, 
besides holding other offices of trust and res])onsibility. 
Was a member of the Board of Pension Examining 
Surgeons, at Keene, during President Harrison's 


administration. Is a member of the New Hampshire 
Medical Society; of the Cheshire County Medical 
Society, and Connecticut River Medical Society, having 
been president of the two last named societies. 

I. Mary Fk.\xces, born April 29, 1886; died April 15, 1891. 

II. MiLDRKD TiCKNOR, borii Marcli 17, 1889. 

III. Dorothy Cora, born April 2,5, 1896; died Aug. 20, 1896. 

Levi Streeter was born in Rindge, Jan. 12, 1797; mar- 
ried, 1st, Sarah Packard, Jan. 17, 1822. Mrs. Streeter 
died August, 1835, aged thirty-eight years; and he 
married, 2d, Dec. 17, 1835, Sophia Stanford, who was 
born in Dublin, Oct. 10, 1808. 

I. Charles, died aged one year, six months. 

II. Elvira, died aged three years. 

III. Caroline, died aged three years. 

IV. Katherine, born in 1831; married Amos Lawrence of Fitchbnrg. 

V. Sarah Jane, born in 1833; married Charles Brown of Winchendon, 


VI. Elizabeth, born Aug. 18. 1836; married Barton Grant of Fitzwil- 


VII. Carollne, born Nov. 4, 1837 ; married Alfred Lawrence of Troy, 
viii. Sophia, born Feb. 4, 1839; married George Brooks of Fitchbui'g. 

IX. Italy, born in Swanzey, Jan. 4, 1841 ; married John F. Whitcomb 

of Richmond. 

X. Charles H., born Sept. 5, 1843; married, 1st, Abbie Frances, 

daughter of Xehemiah Adams; married. 2d, Mar\- Powers of 
XL Elvira, born April 15, 1845; married .\lbert .\mes of Fitchbnrg. 

XII. .VitHiE, born Nov. 1, 1847; married Henry H. Uaisey ; died .\ugust, 


XIII. Daniel L., born Juh- 21, 1850; married, 1st, Nov. 6, 1877, Mrs. 

Nettie E. Grant, daughter of David C. Stone of FitzwilHam, born 
Dec. 21, 1854; died Feb. 7, 1895; married, 2d, P>b. 2, 1896, Mrs. 
Flora C. Bourn. Children: 1. Stephen Daniel, born Dec. 2, 1878; 2. 
Albert Perley, born Sept. 5, 1884; 3. Leila Florence, born March 
10, 1897. 

John Sullivan was born in Ireland, and on coming to 
Troy, purchased the John Lawrence farm. He died 
A])ril 30, 1880, aged 45 years. Married, 1st, Mary 
O'Brien, who died; married, 2d, Ellen Dunn. 

I. Daniel, born Jan. 31, 1861. 

II. John, born 1865; died. 

III. Thomas, born Jan. 25, 1869. 


IV. Acxes, born Jan. 1, 1870; mnrnod, July l'<), Iso:?, Ivdwanl 

Y. Mary Elizabeth, born April 1, 1S71 ; married, Sept. 24., Issi), 

Michael Enright, 2d. 

Daniel Sullivan, son of John, l)orn Jan. :n, lS(n ; 
married, June 14, 1881, Deborah Kino, hnm \\v^. If), 


I. Mary J., jjorn Aug. 7, 1882. 

II. Katherine Mabel, born March 13, 1885. 

III. John Lawrence, born Dec. 6, 1S8G. 

IV. Gilbert James, born April 5, 1889. 

v. Daniel Joseph, born March 29, 1891. 

VI. Morris, Bartholomew, born Nov. 3, 1893. 

vii. Gertrude, born May 9, 1896. 

Edward C. Sutton was a son of Nathaniel Sutton, and 
was born in Shelburne, Vt., Oct. 17, 1841; married, 
Oct. 24, 1861, Caroline A., daughter of Lyman and 
Almira (Brown) Spooner; died June 13, 1870. Ilis 
widow married, 2d, Christopher F. Lawson. 

I. WiNFRED Homer, born Jan. 29, 1864.; died July 12, 1869. 

II. Charles Lyman, born Dec. 17, 1865; married, April 5, 1885, Isa 

Adele Knapp of Keene ; resides in Keene. Children : 1. Harry Melviu, 
born Oct. 5, 1887; 2. Aldith Eleanor, born Nov. 16, 1888; 3. 
Dorothy Ardelle, born Jan. 2, 1892. 

III. Angie Alice, born July 27, 1868; married Elmer E. Haskell. 

IV. Amy Almira, born July 23, 1870; died Aug. 20, 1871. 

Samuel M. Thompson of Lisbon, N. H., and Mrs. Olive J. 
(Bowen) Howard were married Jan. 19, 1858. She 
was born Oct. 5, 1831, and married, 1st, Oct. 6, 1855, 
Romanzo Howard of Montgomery, Alabama. She had 
one child, Adelaide R. Howard, who was born July 3, 
1856, and married Charles S. Starkey ; died July 27, 1885. 

I. Mabel P., born Aug. -i. 1859. 

IL Benjamin P.. born Dec. 24, 1860; married, May 12, 1891, Mary 
Weeks of Richmond. 

III. Edgar M., born Nov. 8, 1863; married, April 6, 1891, Elizabctli 

Davis of Pitzwilliam. One child, Paul. Resides in Pitzwilliam. 

IV. Herbert P., born Sept. 1, 1866; married, July 3, 1890, Mary Ivlleu, 

daughter of Edward and Harriet (Birtwhistlc) Hartley, born in 
p:ngland. Children: 1. Harriet Hartley, born I-Vb. 22. 1893; 2. 
William Edward, born Peb. 1, 1895. 

V. Gertrude M., born May 22, 1871; married, June 17, 1S91, George 

Rowlev of Pitchburg; resides in Brockton, Mass. 


ToLMAX. Thomas Tolman emigrated to this counting 
from England abotit 1635, and settled in Dorchester, 
Mass. His first wife, whom he probably married in 

England, was Sarah . She died and he married, 2d, 

Katherine , who died Nov. 7, 1677, and he died Jan. 

28, 1690. He had seven children. His son John, bom 
1642, married, 1st, Elizabeth Collins of Lynn, who was 
probably born April 8, 1666. vShe died Oct. 7, 1690, and 
he married, 2d, June 15, 1692, Mary Paul. He died Jan. 
1, 1724-25. Henry, son of John, born March, 1678-79, 

nmrried Hannah . He resided at Dorchester for some 

years, and then removed to Attleborough, where he died 
at an advanced age. His wife died Nov. 11, 1735. His 
son Henry, born in Dorchester, Feb. 23, 1708, married 
Marv, daughter of Benjamin Slack of Attleborough. 
He resided in Attleborough, and died Dec. 25, 1762. His 
widow died in Fitzwilliam, Dec. 26, 1785. Three of his 
sons settled in this region, Ebenezer, Joseph and Benjamin, 
the latter in what is now Troy. 

Bexjamin Tolmax, married Hepzibeth, daughter of Jacob 
Newell, and raised up a large family. 

I.\mi\, l)orn 17S2. 

n. Henky, l)orn 17S3; married Polly Harris; died in 1851. 

III. Ch.\rles. died at an earh- age. 

IV. Hepzihkth. 

V. Cn.XKLKS, born 1789. 

VI. J.xcoH, born 1791. 

VII. Hepzibeth, born 1793. 

VIII. D.wiD, born 1795; married Martha Ballon; died in Troy. 

IX. N'.\THAN, born 1797; died in Fitchburg. 

X. Stephen, born 1798. 

XI. S.M.i.v, born ISOO; married Boyce. 

XII. C.VLVi.N, born 1803; married Mary Bowers. 

XIII. .\nx.\, born 1804; married Aniasa .\ldrieli. 

XIV. Li'TiiEK, bom 1807. 

Henry Tolman, son of Benjamin, born 1783; married, 
Nov. 28, 1805, Polly, daughter ol Christopher Harris, 
and formed a copartnership with his father-in-law in 


the Imsiness of the tavern. He Hved there one aiul 
one-half years, then moved to Derry, Vt., where he 
resided three years, after which he returned to Troy, 
and lived some time in the William Whitcomh house. 
After this he kept a public house two years, but attain 
returned to the Whitcomb place. He worked at brick- 
making three years in the yard afterwards owned bv 
Thomas Wright, then moved to the Sampson Wheeler 
place, where he lived some sixteen years, and linallv 
went to Sterling, Mass., where he died March G, 1851; 
his wife died Aug. 5, 1857. 

Charles Mason, born Jan. 21, 1807; married. May 29, 1S2S, 
Lydia Lovejoy; died Dec. 27, 1830. After liis death, Mrs. Tol- 

maii returned to Wilton, her native town, and married (irav ; 

she died about 1842. After his marriage he resided in I-'iteldmrg 
till 1830, when he returned to Troy, purchased the old seliool- 
house which stood near^ the Marshall barn, moved it to the 
westerly side of the village and converted it into a dwelling 

Nancy, born June 17, 1808; married Luther Towns of Amherst; 
died October, 1859. Childi-en: 1. Martha Ann Towne, died in 
1846; 2. Mary F. Towne, married Joshua Bailey of Lowell, Mass.; 
died Dec. 4, 1890; 3. Harriet E. Towne, married L. W. Nichols; 
resides in Worcester; 4. Cynthia Towne, married Rev. John 
Baskwell; 5. Henrietta. 

Henry, Jr., born Aug. 13, 1809; married IL-irriet Rhodes; resides 
in Eldora, Iowa. Formerly hved in Worcester, Mass., where he 
served on the board of common council in 1854 and 1855, and 
then removed to Wisconsin, and in 1859, was on the board of 
county commissioners, Waushara county. Children: 1. Charles 
T., born April 2, 1836; 2. James M., born May 2, 1839; 3. 
Alfred R., born July 13, 1841; 4. Sarah A., born Oct. 2, 1844; 
5. Josephine C, born A])ril 10, 1847; 6. Geori^e II., born jidy 7, 

Elisha H., born June 17, 1811. 

Daniel, born Nov. 7, 1812; married Alniira Davis; resides in Wis- 

Mary, born May 5, 1814; married, April 16, 1833, Isaac Jackson ; 
died in Harrison, Me., Feb. 21, 1888. Mrs. Jackson was a i)erson 
of rare energy, and jiossessed a degree of moral courage which 
was truly heroic. When very few women, if any, had stepped 
from the private walks of life to preach the gospel, this young 
woman, leaving the gay circles which had delighted her, and in 
which her presence was ever desired, went into the (^reat West to 
carrv t^^lad tidings to those who were bearing the heavy burdens 


of frontier life. It is testified of her tlmt she had been instru- 
mental in organizing more than thirty churches. She never 
boasted of having accomplished anA'thing. "The Lord's service is 
jo3'ous," was all she had to say of her part in the work. Having 
preached for about forty years in the West, going from the prairie 
schoolhouse to the city church, and again, at a time when an 
uprising of the redmen was feared, taking her way into the Indian 
country, to tell them of "Peace on earth, good will toward men," 
she returned to the scenes of early life. Making her home near 
that of a brother in Harrison, Me., she still labored as her strength 
would permit, till almost the close. With her husband, who was 
a jjreacher, she did lasting work in life's harvest fields. 

vn. Jacob N., born Jan. 2, 1816; married, 1st, Ehza Ann, daughter of 
Abram Osborne of Fitchburg, who died at the early age of twenty- 
six years; married, 2d, Abbie S. Moses of Warwick, Mass.; died, 
1873, in San Francisco, Cal. He commenced life as a teacher, in 
which calling he was ver\' successful. After his marriage he 
engaged in the dry goods business, opening a store in Fitchburg. 
Afterward removed to Steding, Mass., where he carried on the 
same business. During his residence in that town he served as 
postmaster, also as a member of the board of school committee. 
In 1869, he went with his sons to settle in Nevada, entering into 
business there, in which he was very successfid till the panic of 
1873, and died suddenly while on a business trip to San Fran- 
cisco. He was a person of marked intellectual ability and of 
genial disposition. Children : 1. Frank Henry, resides in Challis, 
Idaho; 2. William Hartley, resides in Tuscarora, Nevada; 3. 
Edith Francis, married Alexander Clark ; resides in Nevada ; 4. 
Acklie Newell, resides in Fitchburg. 

vm. James, born May 6, 1817; died Jan. 28, 1821. 

IX. Philander, born June 13, 1819. 

.\. Sarah Ann, born Dec. 31, 1824; died Nov. 2, 1844. 

XI. Malvina Amanda, born Maj^ 11, 1828; married Augustus Leach 
who died Nov. 10, 1877. Thej^ moved from the homestead in 
Sterling, to Keene, in 1868, where Mr. Leach engaged in the busi- 
ness of contractor and builder. One child, Charles Augustus 
Leach, born Oct. 17, 1848; married Nov. 12, 1872, Emma L. 
Whitney of Keene; resides in Fitchburg. One child, Winfred 
Charles, born Jan. 21, 1877. Mrs. Leach married, 2d, June 30, 
1881, F. A. Osborne of Fitchburg. 

Elisha H. Tolman, son of Henry, born June 17, 1811; 
married, Nov. 30, 1837, Rosina, daughter of Artemas 
Beard of Fitzwilliani, and located in Sterling, Mass., 
where he resided till 1841, when he moved to Fitz- 
williani; but in the spring of 1843, he bought the 
Cameron farm of Rev. Ezekiel Rich, and returned to 



Troy. He was engaged in making Ijrick tor several 
years near where the Troy Briek Co.'s yard now is. 
Was representative in 1867 and 1868. He went from 
Troy to Denmark, Me., and later to Jaekson, N. H., 

Elksha H. Tolman. 

where he built a large shop for the manufacture of 
clothespins and other things. IVIrs. Tolman died in 
Troy, June 23, 1862, and he married, 2d, May 17, 
1865, Abby B. Foster of Clinton, Mass. He died in 
Jackson, Jan. 16, 1876, dropping dead on entering his 
door after returning from church. His widow married, 
Aug. 5, 1879, Walter P. Harmon of Harrison, Me., 


who died Sept. 14, 1882. Mrs. Harmon resides in 

I. Ellen R., born Sept. 14, 1838; married, July 4, 1865, Chainicey N. 
(Garfield. One child. Ella A. GHrfiekl, born June 22, 1867. 

u. Sidney E., born Nov. 14, 1844; married, 1st, Sept. IS, 1867, .\ddic 
L., daughter of J. S. Kinsman of Keene, who died in Fitchburg, 
Mass., Sept. 8, 1891; mai-ried, 2d, March 28, 1895, Mamie A. 
Si)encer of East Concord, N. Y. ; resides in East Concord. Chil- 
dren: 1. Fred A., born in Keene, March 19, 1870; 2. Mniid A., 
horn in Demnark, Me., May 4, 1873; 3. Arthur C. born in Hal- 
lowcU, Me.. April 20, 1881; died Aug. 8, 1881; 4. Nina M., born 
in Bridgton, Me., Jan. 6, 1884. 

iiL S.\K.\n Ann, born March 4, 1847: married Nov. 13, 1866, George 
H. Kinsman. Children: 1. Minnie A'. Kinsman, born July 19, 
18(>8; married John L. Livermore of Londonderry, Vt. ; 2. 
John S. Kinsman, born Sept. 29, 1869; died July 30, 1873; 3. 
Louis II. Kinsman, born in Keene, Nov. 2, 1874; 4. Ernest A. 
Kinsman, born in Keene, Aug. 19. 1876; 5. Anna M. Kinsman. 
born in Keene. Jan. 19. 1879; 6. Addie G. Kinsman, born in 
Londonderry, Vt., June 30, 1881; 7. Stella A. Kinsman, born in 
Londonderry, Nov. 7, 1883; 8. Alice C. Kinsman, born in Bel- 
lows Fulls, May 8, 1885; 9. Henry T. Kinsman, born in Bellows 
Falls, May 5, 1887; 10. Graee G. Kinsman, born in Fitchburg, 
April 3, 1891. 

IV. Makv Ann, born Feb. 10, 1849; married, Jan. 1, 1869, Levi Saben, 
Jr., of Winchester. Children: 1. Alfred L. Saben, born Dec. 14, 
1869; married, March 17, 1897, Emilie M.Pickett; 2. Delano M. 
Sahen. born Jan. 9, 1879; 3. Laura E. Saben, born Feb. 28, 1882. 

v. Minnie I*., born Nov. 25, 1852; married, 1st, June 30, 1870, Charles 
E. Partridge; she married, 2d, March 31, 1888, Walter E. Saben 
of Winchester. Children: 1. Ralph E. Partridge, born May 12, 
1875; died Nov. 22, 1882; 2. Maurice E. Partridge, born April 3, 
1878; 3. Leon R. Partridge, born Aug. 19. 1880; 4. Harry T. 
Partridge, born Nov. 17, 1884. 

VI. Ch.\rles Henkv, born July 10. 1855; died July 1. 1863. 

Philander Tolman, son of Henry, born June, 1819 ; mar- 
ried Laura Kelton of Warwick, Mass. He went with 
his father to Warwick, in March, 1835, and the fol- 
lowing year went to W'orcester, Mass., and served an 
apprenticeship in the wire business for several years, 
and in 1848, went with his family to Harrison, Me., 
and started out in the manufacture of iron and steel 
wire, following the business for forty years, retiring in 
1888. He was captain of the Washington Boys' Ar- 
tillery Co. of Troy, in 1833 and 1834. He became a 


member of the Baptist church in 1S37, and since that 
time has been a teacher and superintendent of Sunday 
schools; school agent and superintendent of schools 
for many years; has been selectman of his town, 
representative to the General Court and served as state 
senator for two terms for Cumberland Count v. Has 
been treasurer of Bridgton Academy for more than 
fifteen \'ears and one of the board of trustees. Has 
been deacon of the Baptist church for years. 

I. Frank Warren. Was a graduate of Colljy UiiivcrsiLy ami .Xcwioii 

Theological Seminary; died in 1877. 

n. Theodore M. 

III. Charles Elliot. 

lY. Emma Frances; married Albert F. Kicluirdson. 

V. James Henry. Is a lawyer in Casco, Me. 

VI. Anna Malyina; married Walter L. Audley. 

CharlEvS Tolman, son of Benjamin, born 1789; married, 
Jan. 1, 1817, Alta Anderson of Albany, N. V., and 
resided there until 1819, when he returned to Troy, 
and took up his abode with his parents, who were 
then living on the Stephen Tolman place. In 1820, he 
removed to Richmond, where he stopped two years ; 
after this he lived in Fitchburg three years, and then 
again returned to Troy, afterward removing to Shel- 
burne Falls, Mass., where he died. At the commence- 
ment of the war with Great Britain in 1812, Mr. Tol- 
man was at Hudson, N. Y., and on the 9th of July of 
that year enlisted and joined the American army at 
Plattsburg. The next year he was sent with a detach- 
ment of the army to Sacket's Harbor. On the 2r)th 
of April, he accompanied Gen. Dearborn, who embarked 
with seventeen hundred men on board a flotilla, under 
command of Commodore Chauncy, from Sacket's Har- 
bor, for the purpose of attacking York, the capital of 
Upper Canada. On arriving at the place of debarka- 
tion, about two miles from the enemy's works, an 
attempt was made to oppose their landing; but the 
British were throwm into disorder, and fled to their 
garrison. Mr. Tolman was one of the number selected 
bv Gen. Pike to attack the enemy's fortifications, and 


he stood a few feet from that officer at the time he 
was killed, by an explosion of a magazine. After the 
capture of York, Mr. Tolman was sent to Fort Niagara, 
where he remained about one month; he assisted in 
the reduction of Fort George, after which he came 
down the St. La\vrence with the force under Wilkin- 
son, and retired into winter quarters at French Mills. 
Early the next spring he returned to Plattsburg, and 
on the 11th of March received the commission of ensign 
in a company commanded by Capt. Humphrey, which 
took an active part in the battle there on the 11th of 
September following. After the battle he was appointed 
provost-marshal and sent to Crabb Island, about three 
miles from Plattsburg, to assist in taking charge of 
the prisoners. The 22d of November he was promoted 
to the rank of third lieutenant, in which capacity he 
served to the close of the war. 

I. Chestkr, born Nov. 13, 1817; married, Nov. 29, 1844-. Liiciiula 

Feltoii of Shelburne Falls. 

II. CoKNELi.\, born June 8, 1820; married, Dec. 26, 1842, ; 

died April 25, 1845. 

III. M.\RY A.NN", born April 27, 1822; died Dec. 26, 1826. 

IV. Orville, born Jan. 4, 1825; married, Dec. 20, 1851, Louisa Bowers. 

V. Angelixe, born Sept. 2, 1827; died Feb. 8, 1849. 

VI. .\lhert, born Oct. 24, 1829; married, Oct. 23, 1856, Sarah Briggs ; 

resides in Shelburne Falls. 

Stephen Tolmax, son of Benjamin, born 1798; married, 
1st, June 30, 1825, Hannah Martin of Richmond, but 
the union being an unhappy one they were divorced ; 
and he married, 2d, Lorentha Fisher of Vermont, June 
5, 1837, who died Sept. 27, 1843; married, 3d, April 
13, 1844, Susan Fisher, sister of his second wife. He 
lived on the place now owned by Nelson Rice, btit after 
a time went to Shelburne Falls, Mass., where he died. 

I. Arvilla Ann, born Oct. 16, 1828; died May 13, 1849. 

II. .\lvah, born Aug. 13, 1840. 

III. Lorenzo, born Sept. 19, 1843. 

IV. (jEORGE .\ndrew, born Dec. 2, 1844. 

V. Emily Lorenz.x, born June 5, 1849; died Sept. 22. 1849. 

VI. Henry Emerson, born Jan. 15, 1850. 

VII. Laur.\ Marilla, born Aug. 2, 1853. 
vui. Ella Rosina, born April 18, 1885. 



Thomas Tolman, son of Major Thomas Tolman, of Marl- 
borough, born March 12, 1814- ; married, Nov. 30, 
1836, Susan R. Adams. Air. Tohnan resided a feu- 
years on the place now owned In- Samuel A. Mason. 
He left town about 1884. 

Nathan Townsend, came from Westborough, Mass., to 
Fitzwilliam about 1778. His wife was Sarah futn^im, 
who died June 14, 1810, aged sixt\'-five years. He 
died Nov. 8, 1809, aged sixty-seven. He had a family 
of eight children, of whom Aaron was the seventh, 
born April 1, 1779; died March 26, 1854; married, 
Feb. 21, 1811, Sylvene, born Dec. 23, 1781; died March 
8, 1851, daughter of Benjamin and Mary (Brigham) 
Davidson of Fitzwilliam. They had three children, 
Luther, Aaron and Alvah. 

Li^THER Townsend, son of Aaron, born Aug. 12, 1813; 
married, Sept. 4, 1845, Laura Maria, born Feb. 16, 
1815; died August 3, 
1872, in Keene, daugh- 
ter of Matthew and 
Liicy (Brown) Nims of 
Roxbury, N. H. Mr. 
Townsend was pastor 
of the Congregational 
church in Troy for fif- 
teen years, and preached 
in Loudon, N. H., one 
year. They had no child- 
ren but an adopted 

I. Mariann.x, Ijoni January 1'2. 

Wn.BUR M. TuMEY, son of 
John and Catherine 
(Van Wert) Tumey.was 
born in Pitts town, N. Y., 
1860; married, Dec. 24, 
1891, Ruth Ann, daugh- 
ter of Edward and Harriet (Birtwhistle) Hartley, born 
in England, 1866. 

Rev. I^utiikk TowNSK.Nn. 


I. Miriam Horsfali., born June 24. 1893. 

II. Mabel Ellen, born Dec. 5, 1894. 

Erastus Tupper, born in Tolland, Conn., July 5, 1806; 
married Mehitable Waitt of New Salem, Mass., where 
he resided some years; she died Sept. 10, 1839, and 
he married, 2d, July 4, 1842, Lois H. Merrifield, who 
died Aug. 22, 1887. Mr. Tupper came from Athol to 
Troy, in 1851, and located on the Levi L. Pierce farm, 
afterwards removed to Jafifrey, but returned to Troy, 
in 1857. He died Sept. 13, 1896. 

I. Nancy, born Felirnary, 1884; married Simeon Merrifield; died May 

17, 1882. 

II. Joseph, born June 5, 1836; married, Jan. 1, 1860, Lydia A. .\very 

of Jafirev; died Dec. 23, 1886; his wife died April (J, 1896; 
resided in Turners Falls, Mass. Children: 1. Lilla Josephine, 
born Feb. 4, 1861; married, June 8, 1887, Henry M. Harlow of 
Cunimin,^ton, Mass.; resides in Turners Falls; 2. Chnrles Amos, 
born November, 1863; died Jan. 8, 1864; 3. Alvin Joseph, born 
Jan. 31, 1865; died April 15, 1889; 4. Martin Hoseii, born Nov. 
9, 1871. 

III. Alonzo W., born Sept. 7, 1838; married, Sept. 5, 1861, Laura 

A. Parkhurst; died June 2, 1874; she married, 2d, Sawyer, 

who died. One child, Willis A., born Feb. 26, 1862; married, 
Sept. 12, 1894, Jennie Sawyer. One child, Howard M. 

IV. Georoe W., born May 14, 1843; married. May 19, 1866, Elmirri 

S. Stoddard of Winchendon ; resides in Marlborough. One child. 
Rose N. £., born July 5, 1868; married, Aug. 8, 1888, Arthur O. 
Fish. One child, Harold G. F'ish, born Jan. 22, 1893. 

V. Almena R., born Feb. 2, 1845; -^narried, Albert D. Aver^-, who died 

Nov. 15, 1871, aged 29 years; she died June 1, 1873. Children: 
1. Eugene Albert Avery, born July 27, 1869; 2. Minnie V. Avery, 
born 1864; died Sept. 28, 1876 ; 3. Hattie M. Avery, horn March 
22, 1866; married Frank H. Bush; resides in Peoria, Ills. 

VI. E. PvUGENE, born Nov. 14, 1851; died May 11, 1864. 

William N. Watson, was born in Skaneateles, N. Y., Aug. 
2, 1822; married. May 31, 1855, Mary A., baptized 
Aug. 23, 1823, daughter of Rufus and Sibyl (Johnson) 
Foster of Fitzwilliam. Mr. Watson came from Ohio 
to Troy in the fall of 1865, and purchased the Jonas 
Bemis place on West Hill, where he resided until his 
death, July 16, 1885. He served in the War of the 
Rebellion in the Fifth Independent Company of Ohio 
Sh£iri)shooters and attained the rank of captain. Mr. 



Watson was an enterprising and successful farmer, inn] 
respected citizen, serving the town as selectmen several 


William N. Watson. 

tertns and represented the to\vn in the legislature. His 

widow resides in East Templeton, Mass. Children 

born in Berea, Ohio. 

Mary Ella, born Oct. 20, 1856; married Oeorjj^e H. Parr; resides 
in Worcester. One child, William Henry Fnrr, horn Oct. 20, ISSf). 

Maggie Belle, horn Dec. 29, 1858; married, \\)v\\ 2<), 1882, Oeorge 
E. Smith; resides in East Templeton, Mass. Children horn, i to 
II, in Troy, iii, in Gardner, IV to vi, in East Templeton. Children : 
1. George Perky Smith, born Feb. 14, 1883; 2. Harley Newton 
Smith, born Oct. 29, 1884; 3. Daniel Herbert Smith, l)orn Jan. 
24, 1886; 4. Maggie hlclla Smith, horn Feb. 23, 1888; died May 


7, 1889; 5. Inn Mabel Smith, born June 12, 1889; died Feb. 0, 
1890; 6. Burton Ray Smith, born Sept. 13, 1894-. 

William Ward of Barre, Mass., married, March 20, 1844, 
Sarah L., daiio^hter of Noah Porter, and lived on the 
"Ward pkice," so called, near the new cemetery, and 
now owned by C. D. Farrar. He died April 20, 1870, 
a«?ed sixty years. His widow married, 2d, May 2, 
1S79, Alvan W. Lewis of Leominster, Mass. 

I. Chaki.ks F., liorn ; died 1852. 

II. (iKORCK L., l)()rn 1 s4-() ; married, Fel). 25, 18(>('), Mary A. Sullivan. 

III. M.\RV M.\RI.\. 

IV. H.\TTIE Emma, horn May 3, 185(1; married John Kendall. 

V. Hexrv Noah, born April 5, 1854- ; married, Mareh 27, 187fi, Hannah 

E. Sullivan, (^ne child, /a77Jes Henry, born Oct. 19, 18S(). 

VI. Charlks Francis, born June 7, 18,i9; married, , 1881, Flora 

F. Abbott. Children: 1. Bhucr IF., born Feb. 24-, 1882; 2. 
XeUie May, born March 12, 1888. 

VII. Frkdkrick E., l)orn Sept. 4, 1864- ; died. 

VIII. El.mkr Ei'okxe, born April 7, 1867; married, 1st, Sept. 28, 1892, 

Eva M., daughter of Ozro J. and Lucy M. (Kendall) Hale, who 
died Mareh 18, 1893, and he married, 2d, 1895, Minnie B. Byam, 
of Fitzwilliam. One child, Eva Hale, born March 4, 1893. 

Rkuben Ward, son of Phineas and Mary Ward, born in 
Marlborough, Mass.,' Dec. 28, 1746; married, June 13, 
1771, Sarah Kendall; died Jan. 8, 1800. 

I. Sally, born Jan. 30, 1772; married John Joy ; removed to Glover, 


II. Abigail, born Nov. 9, 1773; married Simon Piper; removed to 

ui. Reuben, born Dec. 9, 1775; married, June 3, 1804, Rebecca, dauoli- 
ter of Samuel Coolidge of Marlborough; died June 2, 1808. 

IV. Elizabeth, bom July 10, 1777; married Jonas Robinson. 

V. John, born May 25, 1779; died in Troy, of hydrophobia. 

VI. Daniel, born June 21, 1781; married, Dec. 13, 1802, Lois Whitney 

of Winchendon ; removed to Leroy, X. Y. 

vii. Lrcv, born April 12, 1784; married, March, 1805, Timothy Thomp- 
son of Swanzey. 

viii. Levi, born Jan. 7, 1788; married, Sept. 20, 1809, Nancy Whitney 
of Winchendon ; removed to Covington, N. H. 

IX. I'attv, born April 17, 1790, was scalded to death by boiled cider, 

Nov. 4, 1795. In order to perpetuate the memory of this event, 
the following verse was placed upon her gravestone, which stands 
in the old Center burying ground in Marlborough. 


"By boiling cyder she was slain, 

Whilst less than six of age, 
Then her exquisite, racking pain 

Removed her from the stage. 
But her immortal spirit went 

To the Almighty King, 
Where all the godly ones arc sent. 

The praise of God to sing." 

X. Naxcv, Ijorn Nov. 25, 1793; married Amos Fife of Boston. 

XI. Calvin, born May 4, 1798; married Thankful Smith; removed to 

Leroy, N. Y. 

Wheeler. Thomas Wheeler was born in Concord, 
Mass., m 164-0, and in 1675 accompanied Capt. Hutchin- 
son, himseh' then a captain with about twenty men, to 
Ouaboag, now Brookfield, Mass., to treat with the In- 
dians. They were drawn into an amijush by the perfidious 
savages, and eight of their number killed. Capt. Hutchin- 
son was mortally wounded, and died soon after. Capt. 
Wheeler was severely wounded, had his horse shot under 
him, and, when near being despatched by the enemy, was 
rescued by his son Thomas, he also being wounded, who 
placed his father upon a horse whose rider was slain, and 
both succeeded by flight in saving their lives. Ca])t. 
Wheeler died the following year. His son Thomas, whose 

wife was Hannah , had John born in Concord, 1()61. 

but soon settled in Marlborough, Alass. John married, 

June 25, 1664, Elizabeth Wells; he died 1721. Their son 

Joseph, born April 19, 1700, married, 1st, Jan. 16, 171S, 

Elizabeth Holloway, who died; and he married, 2d, March 

17, 1730, Deborah Whitney; he died April 23, 1772. 

David Wheeler, son of Joseph and Deborah (Whitney) 

Wheeler, born in Marlborough, Mass., Dec. 8, 1744; 

married, 1st, about 1775, Rebecca Hoar. Mrs. Wheeler 

died Sept. 11, 1803; and he married, 2d, Nov. 14,- 

1804, Mrs. Martha Perry, widow of Dr. Justus Perry. 

Mr. Wheeler died Oct. 6. 1813; his widow died May 

19, 1825. 

I. David, horn June !('>, 1776; was a i)hysieian: settled in New Jersey. 

II. Phebe. born Nov. 6, 1777; married, Oet. 2. 179.S, .Vbel Hri' ol' 

Jaffre3'; settled in New York. 

III. Dolly, born Sept. 2. 1779; married Jolm Cheever. 


IV. JusiAH, horn Pel). 5, ITiSl: married Nancy Haskell; died on the 

home farm. 

V. Rebecca, born April IS, 1782; married Solomon Rice of Filzwilliam. 

VI. ElNiCE, born June 19, 1783; married Jeremiah Frost. 

VII. Sally, born Feb. 26, 1785; married Jonathan Frost. 

VIII. Lrcv, born Ma_v 7, 1787; married Josejjh Frost. 

IX. Joseph, born Dec. 7, 1788; married Wilder; removed to I'tica, 

New York. 

X. Jonathan, born April 28, 1791; removed to Newton, Mass. 
XL Charlotte, born Nov. 18, 1792; married Rufus Smith. 

xiL Billy, born May 24, 1794; died Nov. 30, 1812. 

XIII. John, born April 30, 1796; died May 8, 1796. 

XIV. CiKTis, born July 17, 1797. 

XV. RoxANNA, born Aug. 24, 1799; married Jeremiah Wilkins. 

XVI. Benjamin Franklin, born Sept. 9, 1805; married Mary Evans; 

died in Keene, September, 1872. 

XVII. Sl'MNER, l)orn March 8, 1807; married. May 15, 1832, Catherine 

Vose of Boston. 

XVIII. Oi'iNCY, born March 17, 1809; died in Keene, Jan. 13, 1839. 

XIX. Virgil, baptized, June 23. 1811; died Oct. 10, 1813. 

Silas Wheeler came from Holden, Mass., to Fitzwilliam 
about the year 1800. In 1806, he moved to Marl- 
borough, Hving on the place now owned by Gregory 
Lawrence. He moved to Swanzey in 1832. He married, 
Aug. 12, 1789, Persis, daughter of James Brewer. 

I. Silas, born April 17, 1790; died young. 

II. Pkrsis, born Sept. 30, 1791. 

III. James, born July 26, 1794. 

IV. Silas, born Dec. 25, 1796. 

V. Vashti, bom March 29, 1802. 

VI. Asa, born June 12, 1805. 
vii. .\aron. born April 3, 1807. 
VIII. Simon, born March 16, 1810. 

Nathan Wheeler, possibly a brother of Silas, came from 
Holden, Mass., in 1798. He died 1836. 

I. Polly, married Reuben Newell. 

II. Adelia, married Nathan Newell. 

III. Jonathan, married Lucy Whipple; settled in Fitchburg. 

IV. Eliza, married, 1st, P:inathan Gorham. He died 1821, and she 

married, 2d, Moses Hayden, who died in 1851. and she married, 
3d, John Lawrence. 

V. Clarissa, died aged 36. 

VI. Nathan. 

Stephen Wheeler was born in Boxborough. Mass., Sept. 
5, 1786; married, 1808, Polly Wright of Fitzwilliam, 


who was born Jan. 30, 1788. He resided in his native 
town, with the exception of two years, diiring- which 
he was in Troy, N. Y., until he came to this town. In 
March, 1827, he bought the hotel built by josiah 
Morse, and about seventy acres of land adjoining, and 
commenced keeping a public house. Soon after opening 
the public house he commenced trade in the old Chap- 
man house, and engaged in the staging l)usiness also, 
carrying on at the same time, the public house, trade 
in the store, staging and farming. He built a house 
and store south and adjoining the hotel, the Jacob 
Boyce house and other buildings in the vicinit}-. He 
removed to Momence, Ills., in January, 1855, Avhere he 
died Jan. 15, 1861 ; his widow died Oct. 7, 1862. 

I. Stki'HKX, bom Sept. 1, 1809; married, Dec. 10, 1829, Harriet Gor- 

iiaiii ; died in Richmond, July 19, 1838. 

II. M.\KV, born Pel). 26, 1812; married Brown Nurse: died. 

III. Lucy, born Jan. 22, 181-i; married David Wilder; died Jidy It, 

1842, at Manchester. 

IV. Catherine, born June 22, 1816; married Timothy Kendall. 

V. Hannah, born March 17, 1819; married David \V. Parrar; resides 

in Tro\-. 

VI. Harriet, born July 3, 1821 ; died March 26, 1823. 

VII. Abhv T., born Jan. 22, 182+; married David Prost. 

VIII. Ephraim, born April 23, 1826; married. Auj>. 29, 184-2, Louisa A. 

Nutting. Resides in Momence, Ills. 

IX. Nancy, born March 7, 1829; married George P. Makinstry. 

X. David, born July 24, 1832; married, Oct. 12, 1856, Maria, daugh- 

ter of Joseph Haskell; died in Momence, Ills., Se])t. 2, 1865. His 
widow married, 2d, Edwin Buttrick. One child, Wnltcr IL, born 
Dec. 13, 1862. 
Sampson Wheeler, a brother of Stephen, married, Feb. 
18, 1841, Miranda, daughter of Reuben Newell, and 
commenced keeping the public house in the village. 
Afterwards he resided on the Flint place, but later pur- 
chased the Stillman Newell place, where Elijah H. 
Adams now lives. He died Aug. 29, 1876; his widow 
died Aug. 2, 1881, aged 74. 
I. Alvin. 

John Wheeler was the son of Preston Wheeler, and was 
born in Westmoreland, in 1812; married, 1st, August, 
1841, Roxana Clark of Clarendon, Vt., who died Feb. 


6, 1867, aged 4-7; married, 2d, Mrs. . He 

died Jan. 13, 1892. 
I. John Harris, born Juh- 1. 1851. 
W.\LTER H. Wheeler, son of David, born Dec. 13, 1862; 

married, Sept. 9, 1883, Mary G., daughter of Harve^' 

S. and Adeline B. (Read) Gates. 

I. Bl.\nche, born July 25, 1884. 

II. Gl.\dys May, born Xvig. 19, 1894-. 

Jonathan Whipple, a carpenter by trade, was said to 
have been in town previous to 1777. He removed to 
Concord, Yt., in 1804, and died March, 1839, aged 87; 
his wife died January, 1830. 

I. Edwards, Ijorn Nov. 6, 1777; was a carpenter In- trade. 

II. Edmu.xd Rice, born March 19, 1779. 

III. Hax.nah, born April 22, 1780; married, July 17. 1803, Josiah Rogers. 

IV. Joel Green, born Dec. 2, 1781; removed to Vermont. 

V. Sarah, born JuK' 27, 1783; married Walker. 

VI. RizPAH, born March 13, 1785. 

VII. Lucy, born May 15, 1787. 

VIII. Jonathan, born July 23, 1789. 

ZoPHER Whitcomb was Ijorn in Framingham, Mass., in 
1781. He married, Maj' 7, 1797, Mehitable, daughter 
of William and Mehitable (Jones) Tenney, who died 
1832 ; he died 1847. 

I. .\sa, removed to Vermont. 

II. .\bigail, died aged 30. 

III. William, born Feb. 20, 1801. 

IV. Eliza, married Nathaniel Parker; died June 28, 1848. 

V. Like, died 1838. 

VI. Nancy, married Nathaniel Parker; died Sept. 6, 1882. 

William Whitcomb, son of Zopher, born Feb. 20, 1801 ; 
married, July 18, 1821, Clarissa, daughter of Edmund 
Bemis, and resided one year on the Josiah Wheeler 
farm. In 1822, he moved to the Simon Butler place, 
and lived there until 1824, and then rented the Jotliam 
H. Holt place. In 1826, he went to Londonderry, Vt., 
where he resided until 1829, when he returned to Troy 
and bought the Newell farm of Russell Waters. He 
died Jan. 8, 1860; his wife died July 8, 1876. 

I. Elliot, born Aug. 19, 1822; married. April, 1851. EHzabeth P. 
Darling of Jaffrey; died .\ug. 30, 1879. One child, Fred E., born 


May 25, 1865; married. Dec. 24, 1889, Susie H., (],-m-litfr of 
Elijah H. and Luthera P. (Howes) Adams. In 1,S«)5. he Imilt a 
house on a lot purchased of A. G. Lawrence. 

II. Luther, born July 31, 1824; married, 1st, February, 184<), Lucy 

Ann May of Winchendon, who died Jan. 25, 1851; married, 2d, 
January, 1853, Caroline Wright. He died Oct. 24, 1854. 

III. Elsina, born Dec. 25, 1830; died Oct. IS, 1839. 

IV. Ch.\rles, born July 7, 1833; died Nov. 17, 1855. 

V. Franklin, born Dec. 19, 1836. 

Franklin Whitcomb, son of William, born Dec. 19, 1880; 
married, June 6, 1860, Eliza P., daughter of Oren and 
Julia A. (Wright) Brooks of Fitzwilliam, born A])ril 1, 

I. Charles, born May 5, 1861; married, Nov. 23, LS81, Lulu L., 

daughter of Henr^- Grimes. Children: 1. Mary Alice, born Dec. 
2, 1883; 2. Julia Eliza, born July 19, 1885; 3. William Franklin, 
born Nov. 8, 1887; 4. Luther Elliot, i^orn March 29, LS9() ; 5. 
Vera R., born Jan. 5, 1895. 

II. Etta, born Jan. 27, 1865; married Alonzo B. Abbott. 

III. Marv, born June 10, 1867; died Aug. 15, 1869. 

IV. Katie, born July 2, 1875; died March 31, 1878. 

V. Grace Elliot, born Aug. 3, 1880. 

Jacob Whitcomb, son of Jacob, of Richmond, married 
Samantha, daughter of William Chase, and lived in 
Richmond until his death, which occurred Nov. 29, 
1855, aged 42. His widow resides in Tro\'. 

I. Sarah E., born June 10, 1837. 

II. Jane E., born Aug. 29, 1839. 

III. John A., born Jan. 9. 1843; died April 8. 1844. 

IV. Judith A., born March 25, 1845. 

V. Oliver P., born Nov. 10, 1847. 

Oliver P. W^hitcomb, son of Jacob, married, Nov. 18, 
1867, Ellen, daughter of Nathan and Nancy (Whit- 
comb) Parker. Has lived on the Dea. Abel Baker farm 
for several 3'ears. 

I. Frank Albert, born Aug. 13, 1868; married, Oct. 2, 1891, Mary 

E. Campbell of Sudbury, Mass., born Aug. 27, 1S75. One child, 
Frank Earle, born Sept. 15, 1894. 

II. Nettie Isabel, bom Nov. 25, 1875. 

III. Emma Judith, born Nov. 5, 1877; married, July 22, 1S9('), Henry J. 


IV. [ennie Estella, born Nov. 10, 1880. 
v. James Edwin, born Oct. 5, 1888. 


EzEKiEL White came from Douglas, Mass., quite early, 
but the precise date is not known, probably about 
1782. He married Ruth Cree of Douglas. He settled 
on the farm which has been mentioned as the residence 
of Timothy Godding. His wife died April 12, 1790. 
Children probably all born in Douglas. The list here 
given may not be complete. The father and mother 
both died on the Godding farm. 

I. Sarah, married and died in Keeiie. 

II. Stephen, born about 1760; married Molly ; died June 12, 

1841, aged 80 _vears. 
in. David, born about 1763; married Esther Bruce and settled on the 
Porter White place; after living there some years he bought the 
Reuben Nurse farm where he resided imtil after the death of his 
wife, when he went to Vermont. 

IV. EzEKiEL, married, Sept. 28, 1791, Alice, ])robably daughter of Oliver 

Ornisby of Richmond ; removed to Vermont. 

V. Daniel, married, April 23, 1795, Patt}^ Crane; removed to Vermont. 

VI. HosEA, left town about 1794; resided in Mount Holly, Vt. 

VII. LvDiA, married, Jxine 14, 1791, Samuel Stickney ; removed to 


VIII. Hannah, married Toljcy, and died in Burlington, Vt. 

WiLLARD White w^as the tenth child of Stephen White; 
married, Nov. 18, 1835, Mary Chase of Richmond, 
born Feb. 11, 1820. Was for several years, in the 
early fifties, an engineer on the Cheshire railroad. He 
died July 12, 1894, aged 83. 

Porter White was a native of Warren, Mass., born Jan. 
21, 1795; at the age of twelve years moved to Peters- 
ham with his parents, where he resided seven years, 
then moved to Alstead. He married, 1st, June 3, 1813, 
Betsey Pratt, who died Dec. 3, 1831; married, 2d, 
1850, Lois Good ale and became a resident of Troy. 
He died Feb. 20, 1875. 

Whittemore. Thomas Whittemore of Charlestown, 
Mass., is generalh' looked upon as the emigrant ancestor 
of the entire Whittemore family in the United States. 
While this has not been positively proved, and perhaps 
cannot be, it is yet extremely probable. It is certain that 
no other emigrant ancestor bearing the name has been 


discovered, though quite extended investigations have been 
made by various persons in different branches of the family 
for the express purpose of looking up the family pedigree. 
Thomas, the emigrant, was from Hitchin, in the eoimty of 
Hertford, England, about thirty miles north of London. 
From the parish record of the town, it is understood that 
his grandfather was WilHam Whittemore; his father, 
Thomas, and his mother, Mary. William was born about 
1540, and married in 1566. Thomas and Mary were 
married in 1591. She died in December, 1604, and he in 
April, 1617. Thomas was one of the earliest settlers in 
Charlestown, and located in that part which was subse- 
quently in Maiden, and is now a part of Everett. His son 
John was baptized in Hitchin, Feb. 11, 1639, and in 1645 
he bought a piece of meadow adjoining his farm in Charles- 
town, which shows that he came to this country between 
the dates given. It is probable that he came over in 1640 
or 1641. He was married three times, and had one child 
by his first wife, two by the second wife, and ten by the 
third wife. Of the children, i, Sarah; ii, Mary; iii, Thomas; 
iv, Daniel; v, John, died young; vi, Nathaniel; vii, John, 
were born in Hitchin; and viii, Elizabeth; ix, Benjamin; x, 
Thomas; xi, Samuel; xii, Pelatiah; xiii, Abraham, were 
born in Charlestown. Thomas, the father, died in Charles- 
town (Maiden), May 25, 1661. We see in this family the 
uncommon circumstance of two persons bearing the same 
name and alive at the same time. By the terms of Thomas 
Whittemore's will, dated May 5, 1613, the two sons named 
Thomas were both living, one in England and one in this 
country. It will be noticed that the older Thomas was 
by the second wife, and the younger one by the third wife. 
The homestead remained in possession of the family until 
May 1, 1845, over two hundred years. 

John, son of Thomas, baptized in Hitchin, hVb. 11, 


1639; died in Cambridge, Mass., Dec. 8, 1694; married, 
1st, Ma