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FROITT VIK-W. OHAPEI..
Christ Church Cathedral.
Christ Church Cathedral
BY THE ALTAR GUILD
i* '*'^'''' ^06,
PRESS OF THE
TRANSYLVANIA PRINTINQ CO.
Time is relative; and a century in our land and
in this modern era means incomparably more than
the whole life of Methuselah or of Thomas Parr.
A congregation changes very much its compo-
sition every ten or fifteen years. And the clergy
are even more migratory. So that the following
Sketch concerns a great many^people. When we
recall contemporaneous history in its general secu-
lar, civil, religious and ecclesiastical relationships, it
will be considered that thfs Parish must have been
affected by many diverse conditions and experi-
ences and circumstances.
That through all these, and in spite of not a few
of them, the Parish has gone ** from strength to
strength" does not seem strange to us who know
the stalwart worth of the families composing it and
the excellent parts of the clergymen successively
ministering to it.
A proper motive for this Sketch is the desire to
preserve, often out of fading human memories and
fugitive records, facts becoming ever more valuable
as our people awaken to the importance of history
and realize their obligations to the past. But we
must not miss being provoked **unto love and to
good works" by the noble example and worthy deeds
of those who have been elevated to the Church
Triumphant. On the other hand, as the dim eye»
of veterans of the Church Militant glance over
these pages, let them not feel that despite is done to
the days of their struggle and victory, because the
present is glorified. Surely it was for this that they
battled: — that the gates of hell might not prevail
and that the Church of Christ might increase and
abound ever more and more.
So let us all unite in thanking the young ladies
for the fruitage of their labor of love, these glean-
ings from a century of parochial life that they have
had to go far afield and search diligently to gather^
And, thus standing together in common love for an
edifice so venerable and for the oldest parish in our
Commonwealth, with all the hallowed traditions and
associations that necessarily cling to it, let us reach
up our hands in petition for even richer blessings;
let us gird up our loins to strive after even nobler
achievements; let us determine that, through our
broad-minded love and unselfish zeal, we shall make
Christ Cathedral Church and Parish, so favorably
situated in this central and typical town, a fostering
mother indeed to 3ts local community and to the
Diocese of Lexington. Lewis W. Burton,
Lexington, Ky., Bishop of Lexington,
•♦The groves were God's first temples.*'
Extracts from the **Journal of an Expedition to
Cantucliy in 1775" by Colonel Richard Henderson.
"Saturday, May 13th.— About 50 yards from the
river (Kentucky) behind my camp,nnd a finespring
a little to the west, stands one of tiie finest elms
that perhaps nature has ever produced. The tree
is i)roduced on a beautiful plain, surrounded by a
turf of fine white clover forming a green to the very First
stock. The trunk is about 4 ffet through to the Religious
first branches which are about 9 feet from the Service
ground. From thence it regularly extends its large . «.
branches on every side, at such equal distance as "* ^*°"
to form the most beautiful tree the Imagination tucky*
can suggest. The diameter of the branches from
the extreme end is 100 feet, and every fine day it de-
scribes a semicircle on the heavenly green around it
of upwards of 400 feet in circuit. At any time be-
tween the hours of 10 and 12, 100 persons may com-
modiously seat themeelves under the branches.
•*This divine tree, or rather one of the many
proofs of the existence from all eternity of its Di-
vine Author, is to be our church, council chamber,
etc. Having many things on our hands, we have
not had time to erect a pulpit, seats, etc,, but hope
by Sunday seven-night to perform divine service in
a public manner, and that to a set of svoiiiKlrels,
who scarcely believe in God or fear a devil — if sve
are to judge from most of their looks, words or
**Sunday, 28th May.— Divine service, for the first
time in Kentucky, was performed by the Rev. John
Lythe, of the Church of England."
8 Historical Sketch
The service was held at Boonesborough, or near
b3\ and was read from an English prayer-book.
With such an early beginning, one might wonder
that the real history of the Church in the State
commences some twenty years later. To find the
The reason, we must turn to the history of Virginia, of
Church which Kentucky was so long a part. The former
in Vir- state was colonized with a distinctly religious pur-
ginia. pose. The primary object of the first expedition
sent there was to convert the savages . These col-
onists were adherents of the Church of England. In
their settlements for a long time the Church had
its only foothold in America, and there it was al-
By 16t)l some fifty parishes had been formed in
Virginia, but only about ten of these were provi-
ded with ministers. A few of these clergymen were
devoted, earnest men, but there were others who
had come from England only when there seemed
no prospect of getting a living at home. These
latter did not have the purest motives, or lead the
most consistent lives.
In spite of its struggling condition, the Church
had a deep influence on the Revolution, imi)arting
the high principles and motives that prevailed.
The greatest want was the lack of a head, since
there was no bishop in this country. The parishes
nominally belonged to the Diocese of London ; but
this was only in name. As early as the reign of
Charles the Second requests were constantly made
to the Church in the mother country to have a
bishop sent out to the colonies; but the applica-
tion was either overlooked or ignored. The So iety
for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts
was a great assistance in sending out many good
men as missionaries.
The want of ^ bishop necessitated the sending to
England of all candidates for ordination ; and of
course no confirmations could beheld. Thus the
growth of the Church was greatly retarded. At
the time just preceding and during the Revolution,
requests for a bishop were less urgent, as it was
feared that by sending one England might
rstrengthen her hold on the colonies With the Rev-
olution and the cons quent distrust and dislike of
anything pertaining to England, came a strong
prejudice against the Church of England The
Propagation Society withdrew its missionaries,
and many of the clergy >ii en were left without
means of support. Many left the ministry and
turned to other occupations, some to farming and
"Some to teaching Some few came with the immi-
grants to the West, seeking new fortunes in a new
•country. Finally, in 1784, the Rev. Samuel Seabury
went to England and was consecrateci as the first
Bishop of Connecticut. Soon afterwards several
other bishops w^ere consecrated, and by the end of
the eighteenth century the American Church was
Considering the struggling condition of the
Church, It doe-4 not seem strange that no effort was
made to establish the Church in the newer colonies.
10 Historical Sketch
With the Immigrants to Kentucky, there came a few
Episcopalians, but the dangers and the hard life o^
the new country kept away all except the poor and
hard-working people. Among these the Church had
few members. The few who came allowed them-
selves to be slowly and reluctantly absorbed by the
other denominations in the state.
In the Transylvania Colony, with which Mr.
Ly the came, there were several Episcopalians Of
this pioneer clergyman we have not many records.
He was at one time the delegate from Harrods-
^^* burg to the General Assembly, and in that body he
John introduced a bill **to prevent profane swearing and
Lythe Sabbath-breaking." His name appears on several
important committees. An influence for good was
exerte 1 by him upon all with whom he came in
contact. He perished at the hands of the Indiana
and seems to have been almost entirely forgotten
by his fellow pioneers.
During the early years of the settlements some of
the spirit of P>ench infidelity crept in, and there
was a general lack of interest in religious matters.
Moreover, the people were absorbed in the struggle
for existence, and in their fight against the hard-
ships of the new country.
In 1792 there came to Kentucky Mr. James Moore.
He was at that time a candidate for the ministry
in the Presbyterian Church, but his trial sermons
were not accepted by the heads of Transylvania
Seminary, and he came a few years later into the
Episcopal Church. He received ordination at the
Historical Sketch 11
hands of Bishop MadisoD, of Virginia. He was tlie ^
first Episcopal minister who permanently located ,
in Kentucky. ^^
In 1796 a handful of Episcopalians gathered in
Lexington and held services in a little dilapidated
frame house on the corner of Market and Church
Streets, where the present church building stands.
The Rev Mr. Moore was chosen their minister to
hold services once in every two weeks.
For more than tea years from this time there ^^
was no parish, no organization ot anykind ; but Episcopal
from this small beginning there has come, in the Clitifcn
course of a hundred years, the Cathedral of to-day. ^ ^^"'
All honor should be given to its founder, Mr. Moore, t^cky
who had the courage, in spite of what seemed al-
most insurmountable difficulties, to make the first
effort in this direction. In 1793 he was appointed
Director of Transylvania Seminary. The school
w^as in its infancy, and he had many difficulties to
contend with, being obliged to hold the school in
his own home. The next year, when the trustees
met to elect the first President of the Seminary, Mr.
Moore was not chosen, but Mr. Harry Toulmin.
The latter was a pious, learned and capable man,
but differed in point of religious doctrines from
many of the trustees of the Seminary. He was a
Baptist minister and a disciple of Dr. Priestly, thus
being Unitarian in his views. The Presbyterians,
who had come to regard the Seminary as particu-
larly their own, soon became dissatisfied because
of '*the Deistical influence under which the Semi-
12 Historical Sketch.
nary had fallen,'* and withdrew, to establish a
rival school at Pisgah. Mr. Moore seems to have
assisted them in this undertaking, and in April,
1 796, became one of the teachers in the institution.
He resigned in September, however, to accept the
position of President of the Seminary, made vacant
by the resignation of Mr. Toulmin. He received a
salary of one huadred pounds per a mum, half the
tuition money and the products of the farm.
In 1798 or '99 the two schools were consolidated
by an act of the Legislature and named Transyl-
vania University. The Rev. Mr. Moore was made
its first President and Professor of Moral Philosor
phy, Logic and Belles-lettres. In addition to his
work in this institution, he probablj'^ conducted
private classes. In the Gazette of 1801 we find an
address of his, made to the students, at the begin-
ning of the winter term, and published at theiri'e-
quest. It is all extremely interesting, and contains
sound advice for the youth of the present day, as
well as for those who lived in the early dawn of the
century. From a few of the passages we may gain
a partial idea of the character of the writer.
"For a youth to be careless whether he acquits
himself honorably, in the progress of his studies,
would be a most unpromising symptom indeed.
"Remember that even enthusiasm in the pursuits
of science is not only justiflahle but commendable.
Never be satisfied with a partial or superficial
course of education.
*' But whilst you proceed in your learning, be at-
tentive to your manners. Consider what that
deportment is, which becomes a student in the
Historical Sketch. 15
Transylvania University, and never disgrace your
*• Consider your time as your most precious
**Let us never liear of quai-relin^ or falling out
among yourselves. To be ever ready to see and re-
sent little apparent offences, discovers a mind
occur)ied by trifles, and fostering evil passions.
** Worship God with a pure heart —reverence your
parents, be obedient to your teachers, and genteel,
polite and obliging to all with wiiom you have in-
Mr. Moore is spoken of everywhere as a man of
great learning, remarkable piety and, as one his-
torian tells us, of ** beautiful manners'* also. Just
within the entrance of Christ Church Cathedral
there is a tablet to his memory It says of him
that **he was learned, liberal, amiable and pious."
He lived a few miles from Lexington at what is now
known as the Frazer Place, on the Georgetown
pike. There he built the charming, old-fashioned
liouse which is still standing. Its larg^ parlor he
intended should be used as a music-room, for the
indulgence of "the parson's passion." He died in
Lexington, June 22, 1814, at the age of forty-nine.
His wife survived him for many years, for, in 1830,
the vestry gave to her the pew in the church that
she had occupied for some time, with the request
that she would hold it, free of rent, as long as she
Little more can be found of authentic history in
regard to the life of our first rector, but he has been
immortalised. in story. Posterity will know him as
16 Historical Sketch*
we find hlni described in the cliarniing tales of
James Lane Allen, ** Flute and Violin'* and " The
Choir Invisible." Here we see him pictured as the
gentle, music-loving parson, with a great, tender
heart. The stories may not claim to have an en-
tirely historic foundation, but the idea of the man
that we glean from them will remain with us
always. Mr. Allen, almost as a prophecy, makes
him utter these words :
** Whole events in history come down to me with
the effect of an orchestra playing in the distance;
single lives sometimes like a great solo. ♦ * ♦ *
'* Martin Luther— he was a cathedral organ. *
* * * Plato ! he is the music of the stars. * *
* * The most we can do is to begin a strain that
will swell the general volume and last on 'after we
have xjerished As for me, when I am gone, I would
like the memory of my life to give out the sound of
In 1808. the dilapidated frame structure was re-
placed by the first brick church. We do not know
much of this little church, for none of those who
worshiped in it are with us to-day. The church
was small; in fact, i \ a few years, its congregation
became too large for it. It was probably sur-
rounded by a church-yard. The bell for the church
was procured from England by Mr. John D. Clif-
ford, and was given by him. The lot on which the
church stood, and on which Christ Church now
stands, was the gift of Mr. William Morton. From
the deed of the lot we learn that Henry Clay's
home wa« on the corner diagonally opposite.
Mr. Allen says that Mr. Moore beat the cane-
Historical Sketch 17
brakes and scoured the buffalo trails for his Vir-
ginia Episcopalians. Tradition in this respect is
confirmed somewhat by the testimony of the old
inhabitants, who have said that people came from
a large part of the surrounding country, and that
on Sunday many vehicles from the neighborhood
drove up to the little church.
On the 25th of August, 180S, a meeting was held
in the Church which took the preliminary steps
towards the organization of the parish. A num-
ber of men were present. Among their namen we
find several that are prominent in the history of
Lexington, and many whose descendants are still
foremost in our church. Besides the Rev. James
Moore, there were Thomas Hart, John Bradford,
William Morton, Robert Todd, Walter Wartield,
John Postlethwaite, John W. Hunt and Henry
Clay. Ea€h of these agreed to take a pew in the
new church and to pay a certain amount for it
every year, which money would go towards the
salary of the rector. This body w^as called for a.
while the Episcopal Society For a long time it
was connected very closely with the Presbyterian
Church, it being said that at one time a common
Sunday School was held by both churches
It was the next year, July 2, 1809, that the parish Organi-
was formally organized, and the first vestry was zation of
chosen. The men composing this body were : the Par-
John Wyatt, John Jordan, ish.
John Johnson, William Morton,
William Macbean, David Sheley,
18 Historical Sketch.
The Rev. James Moore was appointed the min-
ister, to officiate every fortnight at a salary of two
hundred dollars a year. This is the first authentic
record that we find of his receiving any remunera-
tion for his service
At a meeting held the next day, July 3, it was
decided to conduct a lottery "to raise money for
Lottery ^^^ ^®® ^' *^® church." This seems to have been a
for common method of raising money at that time,
Churclies ^^® papers in all the early part of the century con-
taining advertisements of lotteries, held variously
for the i)enefit of Transylvania University, the Lex-
ington AthenaBum, the Masonic Hall and many
The drawing took x»lace at William Satterwhite's
tavern, at 8 o'clock, on Saturday, September 16,
1809. About seven hundred and fifty dollars was
raised in tliis way ; and the money was used for
finishing the church and for the organ.
On the 9th of December, 1809, at a meeting of the
vestry, the Rev. James Moore and William Macbean
were ax)pointed a committee to draft a petition to
the Legislature for an act to incorporate the Epis-
copal Congregation; but the act was not passed
The records of the old vestry are very interesting.
In them we find quaint old expressions, and records
of customs just as odd. The meetings were not
Vestry J ^^^^ ^^ now, every month, but were called by the
Records ^*^*^^®r when occasion demanded. SometimeB
there would be only one meeting in a year. Besides
the seven vestrymen, an election wa* held in 1813 to
Historical Sketch. 19
•choose nine trustees for the parish. The seven
vestrymen lor that year were chosen, and, in ad-di-
tion, two others, John T. Mason and John D.
Clifford. The trustees were to be elected every two
years. The hours of meeting for these two bodies
seem a little unusual, and were sometimes designated
in a peculiar way. They met in the forenoon,
afternoon or evening, with no seeming regularity .
Then once we find a record that the vestry resolved
to meet '*at early candle-lighting;*' again, it said
** at sundown." In spite of what seems to us very
Indefinite hours, a resolution was once passed that
a fine of one dollar be imposed on every trustee
who might be more than ten minutes late, the
money to be used for some charitable purpose. In
4inother place we find that the vestry met at the
"** Coumpting^ house'' of William Morton.
When Mr Jacob Shryock resigned as sexton, the
Testry "returned him their thanks, together with
the donation of the balance of his pew rent." A
resolution, that seems from its wording to have a
doubtful meaning, reads as follows: ** Resolved,
That application be made to the renters of pews to
reduce their size agreeable to a plan to be shown to
them." Still another resolution is this : ** Resolved,
That Matthias Shyrock put up pegs for hats, and
make four benches for the pulpit and five benches
for the Gallery and put on buttons to fasten the
Tiie quaint English custom of having a clerk, or .
^*elark," to give the responses during the service
^or a long time prevailed in this parish. In the year
20 Historical Skttch
1810, we find a record that Robert McNltt was ap-
poi ited ** Clark" of the parish, to be present at the
church and go regularly through the church forms.
He was to be paid one dollar for each day of
service. This custom continued for many years.
The clerk's desk was in the center of the gallery
across the end of the church The gallery wa« cur-
tained off with green curtains, only the place for
the clerk's desk being left in the middle, where he-
stood facing the minister. The organ was also in
the gallery, and, when there was a choir, the choir,
too, sat there. Mr. Wensell was the first organist,
at a salary of thirty five dollars a quarter. The-
sexton at first received a salary of only twenty
dollars a year.
During the greater part of the year 1812, the
Church seems to have been without a minister,,
probably owing to the ill health of Mr. Moore.
Part of the pew rents for the year were remitted
for this reason. We have no record of Mr Moore'*
resignation, but in 1813 a committee was appointed
to take steps towards securing a minister to offici-
ate every Sunday. The Rev. James Elliott, who-
Rev. was in the city, agreed to act as a temporary sup-
James ply, and a little later the Rev. James Moore con-
Elliott* sented to renew his pastorate and officiate every-
Sunday, as soon as his health would permit. But
this arrangement does not seem to have continued
long, for later in the same year a committee wa»
again appointed to secure a permanent minister.
Bishop Hobart and Bishop White were consulted^
Rjfiv.' J. S. Morrison'.
JRbv. E. H. Berkley. Rev. John Ward.
Historical Sl^tch 23
and the 5th of November the Rev. John Ward wa« ™^*
called to take charge of the parish. The call wasac -^T^
cepted and Mr. Ward entered Immediately upon his ^^'^
duties. He was a native of Connecticut. He served
at one time as assistant minister to the Rev. Mr. De-
hon, then Rector of Newport and afterwards Bishop
of North Carolina. Mr. Ward came to Kentucl^y in
search of health, and soon af<-er became the Rector
of Christ Church. He was the first to organize the
parish completely, and in a very short time had
firmly established himself in the hearts of his par-
During his incumbency the Church made material
progress. He was a pastor in the true sense of the
word. On April 29, 1814, the Church agreed to the p. .
Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church in j-v*^ ^
the United States. In accordance with this impor- * rj .
tant step, John D. Clifford was elected a delegate to * ^^^
the General Convention which was held in Phila- ^
delphia in May of the same year A proposition
was laid before the vestry in 18! 3 which is worthy
of note. It was presented by William Morton and
John D. Clifford. They proposed to the vestry that
the congregation should pull down the building
then standing and erect a new one at the cost of
eight thousand dollars. They offered to provide
the money for this undertaking, and were to be re-
munerated as far as possible by the proceeds of the
sale of the pews in the new church. They agreed,
if more than the cost of the building was received
in this way, to pay the surplus money to the treas-
ury of the parish
24 Historical Skttdu
These two men were among the most earnest
ftflf^"^^ supporters of the Church, as well as among the
Mortoo* ^®s* citizens of Lexington Mr. William Morton,
or -Lord Morton, as he was usually called, was a
man of wide benevolence and true refinement He
was one of the most prominent vestrymen of the
Church for years, and it was with him, at his store,
that the most of the meetings of the vestry were
held. The Morton School in this city was named
for him and was endowed by money bequeathed by
him. Hi3 son-in-law, Mr. Clifford, was a man of
__ perhaps equally fine character and extensive learn-
rvlt A * ^^^' ^^® virtues are lengthily commemorated by a
^' tablet placed in the walls of the church near the
one in memory of Mr. Moore. Both Mr Morton
and Mr. Clifford, it is said, now lie buried in the
family vault beneath the church.
The term of Mr. Ward's first engagement with
the congregation expired in 1816, and the letter ad-
dressed to him by the vestry, urging him to stay,
reveals a little of the feeling towards him. The
letter is too lengthy to quote in full, but we give a
few passages :
**Rev'd John Ward.
*'Sir: The vestry of the Protestant Episcopal
Church of L?xington, knowing that the limits of
your engagement with them will shortly expire,
consider it a duty they owe to the congregation
aud to yourself, most respectfully^ to decl re the
sentiments of esteem and affection which* they feel
towards you. Your delicate seiisibility of mind
Ft. Rev. Benj. B. Smith, D. D.,
First Bishop of Kentucky.
Rt. Rev. T. U. Dudley, D. D.,
Second Bishop of Kentucky.
Historical Sketch* 27
might feel abashed, were we to permit ourselves the
full expression of our sentiments, and, on the con-
trary, our characters would be compromised, should
we omit the declaration that no minister of Christ's
Gospel can be more revered for his piety, zeal and
pastoral care, or more beloved for the endearing
qualities of his heart and manner than you are by
our whole congregation You, respected Sir, have
won our best affections and have endeavored by
the most conciliating and unerring instruction to
guide us, 8.8 a faithful pastor, along the Path of
Mr. Ward married the daughter of Mr. John D.
In October of the year 1819, he removed to St.
Louis, where he held the first Episcopal servicesi
west of the Mississippi River. Immediately Christ
Church, St. Louis, was organized under him, and
for a year and a half he remained with the Church,
accomplishing there the same good work in organ-
izing the parish that he had done in Lexington.
After his short stay he returned to Lexington on a
visit and decided to remain here.
Mr. Ward organized, possibly in 1821 or 1822, a
very successful school in this city. He had advanced
views on the subject of education and became a
teacher of wide celebrity. He believed in co-educa-
tion, and therefore boys and girls were both admit-
ted to his academy. It was situated on the South-
east corner of Market and Second Streets. He
employed two or three other teachers; and hi»
pupils at times numbered as many as one hundred
28 Historical Sketch*
and twenty. Anionic them were many who after-
wards attained high positions in life; but, even
while at school, it was said that **John Ward's
g} Is" were famous Mrs. Abraham Lincoln was at
one time a pupil in the school. A peculiar require-
ment of the school was the early hours demanded
of the pupils, one of them, who still survives, saying
that she frequently was at school, to recite her his-
tory, by 5 o'clock in the morning. An amusing
little anecdote is told of one girl who, on her way
to school in the early dawn, met a watchman, who,
suspecting from her early rising an elopement, was
not satisfied with her statement that she was
going to school, and insisted upon accompanying
her. Quite au excitement was created when she
wallied into school attended by the watchman car-
rying his big club.
The academy was successfully conducted for
many years, and even when, some time later, it was
given up, Mr. Ward could not be satisfied to aban-
don his teaching altogether. So he and his excellent
wife continued to take a limited number of girls
into their own house tf) board and to receive in-
struction He was asked more than once to become
president of Transylvania University, but always
refused On the occasion of General Lafayette's
visit to Lexington in May, 1825, Mr. Ward delivered
an impressive and eloquent address of welcome at
a banquet given, in the banqueting hall of the
Masonic Lodge, in honor of the distinguished
guest. During the cholera of 1833, Mr. and Mrs
Rev. J. S. Shipman, D. D.,
Rev. Thos. Allen Tidball, D. D.
Rev. S. S. TOTTEN, D. D.,
Rector of Christ Church Seminary.
Rev. E. H. Ward, D. D.
Hktorical Sketch* 31
Ward, together with Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Gratz,
took the first steps towards the establishment of ^^
the present Orphan Asylum. They rented a room, Y^^T*"
into which were gathered the many little ones who -'^Y^^"***
were left tiomeless by the terrible plague, and paid
an old negro woman to take charge of them till
better arrangements were made. From this humble
beginning there grew the present admirable insti-
tution in this city.
Mr. Ward served as assistant minister in Chrif^t
Church under Bishop Smith, and afterwards fre-
quently officiated in the church. He served, too, as
senior warden of the vestry for some years He
died in this city in June, 1»60, at the advanced age
He was indeed a man of extrao' dinary and most
lovable character. He was amiable, but firm, hav-
ing in his school remarkable discipline. He was
benevolent and was most devoted to children.
On Mrs. Ward's death, shortly before that of her
husband, she left to the Church thirty-five hundred
dollars in bank stock, to be used in buying a rectory.
Her husband was to have the use of the money
during his life. At his own suggestion, the vestry'
released their claim on the bank stock, and Mr.
Ward transferred to them, for their immediate use,
the house on West Second Street, in which he was
then living. This property was worth considerably y^^
more than Mrs. Ward's legacy to them, and this Rectory*
transaction gave them the use of it at once. The
eame house has been used ever since as the Rectory,
32 Historic&l Sketciu
and in the Buminer of 1897 was handBomely remod-
elled. Mr. Ward, at his death, bequeathed to the-
Church nearly four thouHand dollars. One of the
memorial windows in the chancel was plac d there-
in memory of this much loved man by his pupils.
The Rev. Lemuel Birge officiated for Mr. Ward
from September, 1819, to December of the same^
Rev. year, when the latter resigned as rector and the
Lemtiel vestry engaged Mr. Birge to take charge of the*
Bifge* Church. Mr. Birge was a nephew of Mr. Ward, and
had just been ordained deacon the preceding June
by Bishop Chase, of Ohio. His connection with
the Church lasted only a few months, for he died
March 29, 1820.
For a while the vestry made fruitless efforts to-
obtain a minister. In June, the Rev . George T.
Chapman, from Massachusetts, a graduate of Dart-
Rev* mouth College, was invited to visit Lexington and
G. T* preach to the congregation for a few weeks. After
Chap- the siecond week of his stay a meeting of the pew-
man, holders of the('hurch w^as held, and it was resolved
unanimously to ask him to remain as the perma-
nent pastor of Christ Church. He accepted in a
beautiful letter, expressing his great liking for the
place and the people, and his gratification at the
unanimity with which he had been called. For
several years, until 1827, in addition to his church
duties, he was Professor of History and Antiquities
in Transylvania University. He was a man of
great intelligence and learning, and he published a
book in 1828 called ** Sermons upon the Ministry,.
Historical Sketciu 33
Woreliip and DoctrinK} of the Protestant E.)iscopal
Church,'* which was deflicated to the Rt.Rev. John
Henry Hobart, D. D., BiHhop of New York. It was
at that time the means of bringi i^ many into the
Church, and is still recommended to th«)8e wishing
for information about the history and doctrines of
our Church, as one of the best arguments on the
subject. He also published a volume of "Sermons
to Presbyterians of All Sects," which was very
much read, and passed through several editions.
Early in Dr. Chapman's ministry a larger and
more church-like edifice was erected on the same Third
site which had been occupied by the two x>reviou8 Church
buildings. Thi s was the building Mr. Morton and Building*
Mr Clifford tried to have erected in 1814, but the ex-
ecution of their plan had been long delayed. It
was of brick, stuccoed to imitate stone. On the
chancel wall were two marble tablets, on which
were written the Ten Commandments; and a few
slabs and tablets were, in the course of time, i)laced
in the aisles and on the walls in memory of de-
parted ones buried in and around the church. It
was always thought that this buihling was badly
constructed, that the front wall had sprung and
the cupola was insecure. Some his.orians even at-
tribute the slow growth of the congregation to this
cause. But no accident ever happened, and in 1832,
when a committee from the vestry and several ex-
pert mechanics examined the roof and walls, they
were pronounced safe and plumb, and subscriptions
to the amount of between eight and nine hundred
dollars, which had been raised to remedy the
trouble, were cancelled.
The church building had not been consecrated,
for lack of a bishop to officiate, and for many years
was offered to the Transylvania University for its
annual commencement exercises. On such an oc-
Transyl- casion a platform was erected over the chancel, on
vania which the youthful orators and their proud in-
Com- structors sat, and the body of the church was
mence- crowded with interested spectators, for it was one
ments* of the j^reat events of the year At one commence-
ment a stove-pipe fell and the cry arose that the
building was falling. Quite a panic ensued, many
people crowding for the door and jumping from the
windows before it was discovered that there was
really no danger.
Ill 1821 the vestrj' was asked to grant the use of
the building for a Fourth of July celebration. Sev-
eral m 3 inbers were opposed to doing so "on account
of the military parade attending such entertain-
ments," but it was finally decided to accede to the
recjuest, on condition that thisacti<m did not estab-
lish a precedent .
In those days pews of "delinquents" were putup
and sold at public auction, and the sexton was re-
quired, not only to own a y)ew and pay a tax on it,
but "to attend in person during divine service to
I)revent noise and confusion in the Church." They
seemed to have some trouble with the sexton about
the time that resolution was passed, for, at the
next meeting of the vestry, his resignation was
Historical SkeUh. 35
tendered and accepted. But after a short trial of a
new man, the old one was persuaded to resume his
duties. Soon, however, the vestrj^ resolved **that
the floors be washed four times and the windows
once a year, in addition to the usual sweeping and
•dusting," and the sexton resigned again.
It was in Dr Chapman's time, and largely due to
his noble efforts, that the important work of or-
ganizing the Diocese of Kentucky was accomplished.
We find the first movement towards such an end
in an old record of the vestry, where it was re-
solved ** that the pastor be requested to visit Dan-
ville, Louisville and Cincinnati on business of the
•Church, and that an extra allowance for his ex-
penses be made "
On June 19, 1829, the wardens and vestrymen of
•Christ Church met with Dr. Chapman at his home
and received a verbal account of his visits. He had Otg^m-
organized Trinity Parish at Danville and had gotten «a,tioa of
it and the Church at Louisville to promise lo send *^^ ^^"
xielegates to a primarj^ convention to be held at ^cse*
Lexington, July 8, for the purpose of effecting an
-organization of the Diocese. The delegates to rep-
resent Christ ('hurch at that first convention were
then appointed: John W. Hunt, J. E. Cooke, Will-
iam Morton, Thomas Smith, A. Dnmesnil, R. Ash-
ton, Josiah Dunham and Charlton Hunt. And it
was resolved that Rev. Mr. Chapman be asked to
perform service and preach a sermon on that oc-
casion, the exercises to begin at 8 a. m.
At the primary convention held in Christ Church*
36 Historical Sketch*
Lexington, there were present two priests, one dea-
con and sixteen lay delej^ates. Dr. Chapman, the
sole rector in the Diocese, was chosen to act as
President, and Rev. Benjamin O. Peers as Secretary.
The other priest present was Rev. Samuel Johnston,
Rector of St. Paul's, Cincinnati. In those days of
no bishop and few priests, the Churc i owed its
existence and its continuance to the efforts of such
devoted laymen as were present on this occasion,
viz.. Dr. John Esten Cooke, Richard Barnes, the
moving spirit of Christ Church, Louisville; John
Bustard, Dr. Ephraim McDowell, H. J. Cowan and
Frederick Yeiser, of Danville. Proceeding to busi-
ueps, the ccmvention adopted a constitution and
appointed delegates to the General Convention. It
w^as resolved to employ lay -readers for the parishes
that had no minister, and also **to recommend
daily family worship in all families of the Church in
Dr. Chapman had learned that Bishop John Stark
Bishop Ravenscroft, of North Carolina, that "Coeur de
Ravens- Lion" of the Church, was in Nashville. So he sent
croft. him an invitation to visit the new Diocese. This
the good Bishop accepted, being in Lexington, Sun-
day, July 25, 1829; and on that day and the Tues-
FirstCon- day following he confirmed in Christ Church ninety-
To us that occasion seems in the dim past and
only to be remembered as a matter of history ; but
there is living a dear little lady, to whose mind the
events of those far-off times seem as clear and fresh
Hbtorical Sketciu 39
as those of yesterday to us. Mrs. Mary H. Pinck-
ard,the oldest living coinnmnicant of Christ Church
(Cathedral, was a member of that first confirmation
class. She can remember the church as it was then
and how Dr. Chapman looked as, having: removed
his white surplice, he ascended the pulpit and
preached in his black gown and black silk gloves.
And she recalls how Mr. Palmer, the clerk, who
kept a book-store and whose wife was a Roman
Catholic, had a desk in the gallery, opposite the
pulpit, from which elevated post he surveyed the
members of the congregation and did their duty for
them, calling out over their heads the responses, as
tiie minister read the service. The organist then
was Miss Abby Hammond, who taught music in
Col. Dunham's school and afterwards married Mr.
David A Sayre The two were loved and respected
by everybody because of their great benevolence
and invariable kindness to people of all classes, and
were called familiarly and affectionately by nearly
all their younger acquaintances, *' Uncle Davy and
In the Church at that time there were no hymnals,
the singing consisting mostly of the chanting of
the psalms; and it was considered quite an inno-
vation when a few hymns were introduced in the
back of the prayer book.
Bishop Ravenscroft, on his visit to Lexington »
won many wann fi lends and admirers; and when
news of his death, on March 30, 1830, reached here,
the vestry of Christ Church passed resolutions of
40 Historical Sketch*
respect and Borrow, and agreed to adopt "the usual
badge of mourning" for thirty days.
After tlie organization of the Diocese in 1829, Dr.
Dr.J.E. John Esten Coolce was the first and only delegate
Cooke« from Kentuckv to attend the General Conventi<m
held at Philadelphia. This man's entrance into the
Episcopal Church was considered one of the great
events of Dr Chapman's ministry. He was a
*' medical philosopher" from Virginia, and occupied
the chair of Theory and Practice of Medicine in
Transylvania University. Being aroused by Dr.
Chapman's sermons on the Cliurch to consider the
question, which church of all the denominations
most nearly carried out the idea of Christ and the
Apostles, he made a most exhaustive study of the
matter. He ransa-cked libraries and read every-
thing recommended to him for light on the subject,
and would attend no church until he settled the
question with himself. At last he became convinced
of "the apostolicity and catholicity of the Episco-
pal Church." and wrote a powerful and learned
argument on the subject, which was celebrated in
England as well as in this country. And he lived
up to his convictions, becoming a most devoted and
zealous worker in the Church
Near the close of the year 1*^29, Bishop Brownell,
of Connecticut, came to Kentucky by request of the
General Convention. In his private note book, en-
titled ** Itinernrjs" he says: "Lexington is the
Athens of the West. The country around within a
radius of twenty miles, the finest in the world. The
Historical Sketch. 41
tsociety highly Intelligent, yet plain and simple in gj^t^p
their manners. Dr. Chapman's congregation ^^'R-Q-^ugii
braces the most valuable part of it. Remember
Robert Wickliffe, Dr. Cooke, Mr. Hunt, Mr. Morton,
Mr. Harper, Mr Smith, Mr. Smeads, Mr. Warner,
-etc. Kentucky Is a noble state ; fertile soil ; fine
race of men."
He consecrated Christ Church. Louisville; and we
have the authority of Dr. L. P. Tschiffely, in an ar-
ticle in the **Church Cyclopaedia,'* for saying that he
also, on that visit, consecrated Christ Church, Lex-
ington. The Bishop confirmed three persons here,
and It i-* said he stirred up everywhere gi-eat inter-
est In the Church "by the dignity and suavity of
Ills manners and the elevation of his piety."
In 1831 Bishop Meade, of Virginia, the Assistant
of Bishop Moore, made a more extended tour of
Kentucky, baptizing and confirming, and conse-
crating Trinity Church, Danville.
Dr. Chapman continued as Rector of Christ Church
•exactly ten years, resigning in July, 1880. He was
a nia»i who possessed unusual talents and attrac-
tions. He was much loved and respected through-
out the commu ity, and he and his congregation
parted with mutual sorrow and regret. Removing
to the East, he lived to the good old age of eighty-
tour, dying at Newbury, Massachusetts, October 18,
The Re^'. Mr Peers and the Rev. John Ward, who
wa« still living here, were askei by the vestry to
"hold service in the church until a new minister
•could be secured.
42 Historical Sketch*
« At a meeting of the pew-holders held August 5»
« g* 1830, it was unanimously resolved to invite Rev.
&n'A. Benjamin Bosworth Smith, then in Philadelphia, to
take charge of the Church. At first he declined,
but they wrote again, explaining the trials and pe^
culiar situation of the Church in this region, and
urging him to reconsider their offer. If he found it
impossible to come, they asked him to recommend
some suitable person for the place So Mr. Smith
made up his mind to accept, and moved with his
family almost immediately to Kentucky. He was
a native of Bristol, Rhode Island, born in June,.
1794. He graduated from Brown University in
1816, and was ordained priest in 1818.
The second convention in the Diocese was held in
First Danville, May, 1830. At the third, held in Louisville,
Bishop of Ju^e 10, 1831, the new Rector of Christ Church,.
Kentucky Lexington, was chosen Bishop of the Diocese of
Kentucky ; but, beiause of some informality in the
I)roceeding8, he declined the honor. The next year,
at Hopkinsville, however, Mr. Smith was again
elected Bishop unanimously, and he accepted.
When Mr. Smith came to Kentucky, not a parish
had a set of communion vessels, and but one. the
Church in Lexington, had either a bell or an organ ;
and *'for more than twenty years the offerings of
the Diocese did not exceed the Bishop's traveling
expenses to and from the General Convention."
Mr. Smith was consecrated Bishop in St. Paurs-
Church, New York City, October 31, 1832. He re-
tained his position as Rector of Christ Church, ini
addition tohis duties as Bishop, until 1838.-
Rt. Rev. Lewis W. Burton, D. D.,
Bishop of Lexington.
Historical Sketch* 45
Because of the dreadful cholera epidemic of 1833,
no convection was held until the October follow-
ing, when a "Day of Humiliation" was observed
by the delegates In this scourge fully one-fourth
of the entire number of communicants in the Dio-
cese died ; and the same year many more emigrated
to Illinois and Missouri. It is said that Bishop
Smith and the Roman Catholic priest were the only
servants of God in Lexington who always reported
for service during those dreary days. The Bishop
had even greater sorrow to bear than that caused
by deaths in his congregation : his own family was
one of the first attacked hy the cholera, and his
wife died of it. But the "beloved Bishop" was
spared, and remained here faithful to his flock,
burying the dead and comforting the desolate ones
who were left.
In 1831, before he was made Bishop, the new
Rector of Christ Church made arrangements to re-
ceive a few theological students. First a single
room was rented for their use, then a small house
near the church.
In February, 1834, the Episcopal Theological Sem- ,
inary was incorporated, and the existence of what ^J^^^^
promised to become a flourishing institution was A ^^?^^
begun. The beautiful house on Second Street, now . °^
owned by Mr. Joseph Clark, was purchased, with ^^^^*
two acres of ground. The place was bought from
Rev. Benjamin O. Peers, who had been conducting
a remarkably successful academy or institute there,
which he gave up to accept the presidency of Tran-
46 Historical Sketch
sylvania'UniverBity Donations for the support of
the Seminary had been solicited in Philadelphia and
New York by Dr. Cooke and the Bishop. A library
of thirty-five hundred volumes was obtained, mostly
throuj^h the generosity of Dr. Peers, who remitted
one thousand dollars of the price paid him for the
house, to be devoted to that purpose. Dr. Thomas
W. Colt, an Episcopal minister, and Dr Cooke
Rev. served gratuitously as professors in the Seminary.
jT^ Dr. Henry Caswall, an Englishman, and the first
Caswall ^i'^^*^"i^d graduate of Kenyon College, was the Pro-
fessor of Sacred Literature, and his salary for three
years was contributed by the parishioners of the
Church of the Ascension, New York City. This Dr.
Caswall was, for a while, the Assistant Minister of
Christ Church, Lexington . He tells us that, during
the Bishop's eleven uKmtlis' absence in the East,
besides his duties as professor and the daily morn-
ing and evening prayer in the Seniinarj', he read
service and preached twice on Sunday, conducted
the Sunday-school and lectured every Wednesday
evening. He adds, " In reviewing these numerous
duties, I am disposed to wonder that I did not en-
tirely sink under them, in a climate where the
thermometer in summer rises to 100° in the shade,
and in the winter, although in latitude 38°, sinks to
40° or 50° below freezing." That migration toward
Lexington may not be interrupted, and especially
that good Churchmen may not be discouraged from
settling in our Parish, w^e venture to remark that
the climate has certainly changed since Mr. Cas-
Historical Sketch* 47
wall's day, or that the extremes he mentions are of
rare occurrence His salary wa« very small, but he
said his labor was its own reward ; for the number
of students increased, and there were some bright,
interesting young men among them. He found
most of his pupils sadly behind in the languages.
He taught them Latin and Greek, so that they
could read their testaments and follow the service
in Chapel in these languages. After this they went
live or six times through an excellent Hebrew gram-
mar and were able to read the Hebrew Bible. They
studied a Chaldee grammar, too, and "one young
man of fine talents afterwards commenced the
Syriae grammar and real many chapters in the
Syriac New Testament. It was also his intention
to study Arabic, but unhappily he wa< induced to
abandon theology, and thus his promising abilities
were entirely lost to the Church "
Mr. Caswall went from here to Indiana, and in
1839 returned to England. After ten years there, he
came back to this country and died in Pennsylvania.
His book, "America and the American Church," is
entertainingly written and attained a wide popu-
Dr. John Esten Cooke was a warden in Christ The
Church and a professor, without pay, in the Semi- Church
nary. In 1835 he began, at his own risk, the Advocate
publication of a Diocesan paper called "The Church
Advocate." It was issued once a fortnight and was
quite a success for a few years, being continued by
Dr. Caswall after Dr. Cooke gave it up. The follow-
-nic II* rU^ iM^imiinic of a quaint little poem, cople»
,1 vv»iirh WW "(liHtrilmted by the little boy who
.-jimwi rhe paper to rtobHcribere living in the town:"
•I hriHtmiw A.liln*^ of the Carrier of the Chnrch
A.lv.H-ate to iti» Patrons."
•• I )l.l Thirtv-tf ve in nearly gone,
tt'^ firMV von, end a little time,
Sr&to ..or bamble rhyme.
In. wt a little inform«ti(.D.
wTthfut much tn,ol.le or vexation.
. *i « /'hiiwh*'* all men inquire:
•* 'WhHt •» t'^Vlm"wiDK 'ritb a spir*.
^. ,„an.r < '"';'i^„tyflt praise l8 given)
Historical Sketch* 49
For the few years succeedlnj? 1 832, the prospects
for the Episcopal Church here were very bright. A
Theological Seminary had been established with an
able faculty and a valuable library ; a Church paper
had been started and was well conducted ; and a
circle of truly brilliant churchmen had gatheredi
here:— the Bishop of the Diocese, Rev. Mr. Peers,.
Dr. Thomas W. Coit, President of Transylvania
after Mr. Peers; Rev. Dr. Caswall, Dr. John Esten
Cooke, Rev. William Leacoek and Hamble J. Lea-
cock, afterwards celebrated dsthe brave missionary
to Africa and called the "Martyr of the Pongas;"
and, besides these, many more well known and
highlj' intelligent members of the Church. But, in-
stead of the great growth and progress we should
have expected as the result of the work of such a
company, we find, in 1837, trouble and division in
the parish over matters of small importance, and a
part of the congregation withdrawing, adopting
the name St. Paul's, and worshiping in Morrison
College. One authority says. *'The effort made at
that time for the extension of the Church in Ken-
tucky involved too much centralization. The large
ecclesiastical force concentrated in Lexington was
utterly dlsproportloned to the condition and
strength of the Diocese. It was an enormoua
head without a body."
Soon, however, matters were adjusted and all the
members of rhrist Church reunited. But that same
year **the bright galaxy dispersed;" the band of
learned men at Lexington was scattered ; the Med-
50 Historical Sketch.
ical School wuK removed to Louisville and Dr. Cooke
wont with it: Dv. ('oit returned to the East; Mr.
('aswall wont to Indiana; and the Leacocks jour-
neyed to TennesKoe.
In 1S37 rei)eated efforts w^ere made to secu?-e an
aHsistant minister for Christ Churcli, one being
ftreatly needed to hf^p IMshop Smith with his nu-
Rev. merous duties as both Rector and Bishop Kev. A
Edward '^- Bledsoe, of Ohio, was en<;?aged, but held the
Wintlirop pl*i^*<' t*<^i* ^^ t'^^v months only. In 1838 Rev. John
Ward accepted the office for a short while ; and in
the same year, during Bishop Smith's absence in
the East, to attend the Convention, the Rev. Ed-
ward Winthrop, from Connecticut, filled his pulpit.
Mr. Winthrop was a i)rofessor in the Theological
Seminary and also conducted a "Select Class for
Young Ladies in the higher branches of the Mathe-
matics, Mental Philosophy, etc."
On his return, the Bishop decided to resign the
office of Rector, and he did so, October 22, 1838. In
the meantime tlie Tlieological Seminary had not
prospered as it had been hoi>ed it would, and it was
given up. The rectory, next door to the church,
which had been occu[»ied by Bishop Smith, was
sold; and he and his family were granted permis-
sion to occupy the Seminary buildings. Here he
commenced, and conducted for several years, a
young ladies' school.
In 1839-10 Bishop Smith was State Superintendent
of Public Instruction. While holding that office,
he visited and lectured in seventy-six out of
Historical Sketch* 51
the ninety counties tlien contained in Kentucky.
Tiie grounds and buildings belonging to the Sem-
inary in Lexington were sold in 1844, and tlie library
transferred to Shelby College. The Bishop moved
to Katorania, near Louisville, where he continued
his school for young ladies until he moved into the
Perhaps it is not generally known that our
Church made the first move towards establishing
St. Paul's, Louisville. Christ Church, Louisville,
was too young and feeble to think of such an
undertaking. So the suggestion came from Christ
€hurch, Lexington, the Mother Parish of the Dio-
cese, and a circle of ladies here offered to raise half
the salary for a missionary, to labor am(»ug those
living below Fifth Street in Louisville. After 1872
Bishop Smith was the Senior and Presiding Bishop
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United
States. In 1875 he moved to Frankfort and built a
home there. But much of the latter part of his
life was passed in the East. The duties of his
office of Presiding Bishop frequently required his
presence there, and he was at that time too old a
man to endure the discomforts of much traveling.
He was represented in Kentucky by his assistant,
Bishop Cummins, atfd afterwards by Bishop Dud-
ley. He died in New York, May 31, 1884, after a
long life full of good works. One of his character-
istics was his fondness for children, whi)m he could
please and entertain by the hour with the simplest
and most commonplace objects. It must always
52 Historical Sketch.
be remembered that he was the first Bishop of
Kentucky and that his episcopate was one of **hard
In the old records of the vestry we find only one
reference to decorating the church. That was iii
December, 1830, when Thomas Hart was com-
missioned to get all the materials necessary for the
Christmas trimming. Then, as now, the worlt was.
done by the young girls of the congregation. A
daughter of Bishop Smith says there were some
fine pillars in the old church, and she remember*
their pleasure in wreathing these with cedar-
Christmas Eve was the Bishop's favt)rite festivaL
Mr. Incho, the organist then, would render inspir-
ing music, and their celebration of the holy night
would make it a memorable occasion.
Another interesting thing to note, in reading
those old records, is how gradually grew the cus-
tom of taking up a collection at the services. At
first the Church revenues were raised by taxing the
owners of pews and renting seats to others, and
for large needs subscription lists were resorted to.
Subscriptions, by the way, it seems, were usually
readily promised, even large sums; but the colkc-
tion of the amounts was a slow and difiicult pro-^
ceeding. December 30, 1822. it was resolved, "that
a collection be had at the Church on the last Sun-
day of every month (t-xcept December), and on
Christmas Eve, for the benefit of the Church." In
February, 1826, it ^was decided to take up a collec-
tion every second Sunday also, but this was to*
Chapel of the Good Shepherd,
Historical Sketch* 55
last only a short time, namely, until they paid for
certain alterations on the pulpit and for some other
repairs. In 1833 a box was placed in the church for
voluntary contributions for the use of tlie Diocese,
and a collection was to be taken "each Sabbath
(excepting the regular ones for other purposes) for
painting the Church." Then two 3'ears later it
was resolved to have a collection every Sunday
*'for the general purposes of the Church," that
taken the first Sunday of every month to be de-
voted to missions. And though this rule was sus-
pended at times, for instance, when the rent of the
pews was raised, the method was always resorted
to again, until it became the invariable custom.
Mr. Winthrop continued to fill the place of Rector
of the Church until December. The last of that
month he petitioned the vestry to release him, and
the Rev. i']. F. Berkley, a graduate of the Lexington
Theological Seminary, was engaged as temporary
Rector. Soon he wjis called upon to accept the
Mr. Berkley was bom in Washington, D. C. Sep-
tember 20. 1813. He came to Lexington in lS3;j and
studied for three years at the Theological Seminary. ^^^*
He was ordained in Christ Church in December, ^ ^*
18- 8, and the next month he accepted the charge of ^^^'"^y*
the Church and remained its honored and beloved
Rector for nearly nineteen years. He married Miss
Sarah Maury, of the celebrated Virginia family of
that name, and they lived on North Mill Street in
the house recently remodelled by Mr. Hull David-
son . It was during Mr. Berkley's ministry tliat it
was decided to pull down the old church, which
had always been regarded as unsafe, and erect a
much larger one. The remains of those buried in
and around the old building were removed to the
Episcopal Burying Ground, on East Third Street,
which had been purchased in 1834. The place is
still owned by the Church, and a small house on it
is occupied by the sexton. An interesting day can
be spent there, wandering among the old tomb-
stones, deciphering the almost obliterated inscrip-
tions, and many familiar names and quaint epitaphs
will reward a persistent search.
The cornerstone of the new, that is the present
church, was laid with appropriate ceremonies on
Wednesday, March 17, 1847, the dedicatory address
being deliverer! by the Rev. James Cra4k, D. D.,
Rector of Christ Church, Louisville This is the
third church building constructed on the site occu-
pied by the little frame house originally used for
All brides ever married in this church should
know what one bride did. "She put half her wed-
ding dress in Christ Church bell clappe •." That is,
she handed over one-half the amount her father
gave her for her dress to Mr. Dudley Craig, treas-
urer of the Church, to buy the clapper for the new
bell We may be sure the peals of the wedding bell
were sweeter and merrier, in her own ears at least,
because of that self-denial.
In the year 1847 Henry Clay was baptized. From
Historical Sketch. 57
1t« very be^nning he had been a pew-holder and
<5ontributor to the Church, and was very much
intereeted in the erection of the new building. We
are able to give Mr. Berkley's own account of the
occasion, as containe<l in a letter written by him
«everal years ago, in answer to some questions
asked him on the subject by Dr. Ryland, of this
city, who had heard that Mr. Clay had been im-
mersed in one of the ponds at Ashland :
**I baptized Mr. Clay in his parlor at Ashland, at
the same time administering the same ordinance to
his (Jaugh+er-in-law, Mrs. Thomas H. Clay, and
four of her children, on the 22nd of June, 1847, a
lew special friends only being present. The water
was applied by the hand, out of a cut-glass urn,
which, among his many rare presents, had been
given to him by a manufacturer of such wares in
Pittsburg, Pa. It may interest you to know that
in the baptismal service of the Protestant Episcopal
Church tliere are certain questions asked which the
candidate is supposed to answer from the book.
:Seeing that Mr. Clay did not have a praver-b jok in
his hand, I suggested that the use of one might
enable him more readily to answer the questions.
He replied, '*I think I shall be able to answer
them;" and the readiness with which he answered,
and his familiaritv with the service, gave evidence
that he had made it a personal study, and was
ready to stand by his declarations."
Mr. Clay was at that time seventy years old. All
his life he evinced the most profound respect for the
•Christian religion, but he was involved in the tur-
moil and vicissitudes of public life, which he thought
uncongenial to an avowal of his faith. So he
58 Historical Sketch
would not take the sacred vows oi a follower of
Christ until he retired from politics, until he felt he
could live up to them faithfully and consistently.
He was confirmed about a month later, July 18, and
that coutirmation took place in the Chapel of Mor~
rison College of the University, were services were
held while the building of the new church was in
Dr. Craik, of Louisville, says: **The delegates to
the State Convention at Frankfort, in 1849, had the
pleasure of meeting in council there the Hon. Henry
Clay, who attended as a Lay Delegate from Christ
Church, Lexington. This great and good man en-
tred into the deliberations of the Convention with
all the interest and animation he was wont to
manifest on every subject which concerned the well
being of his fellow-men. Not long before, Mr. Clay
had been baptized and admitted to the communion
of Christ Church, Lexington. This Illustrious man,,
regarded by the whole civilized world as the fore-
most statesman of the age, and upon whose wisdom
and counsel depended the destinies of his country,
coming thus to the fountain of regeneration, to be
admitted into the kingdom of heaven by one of the
youngest of (Christ's Ministers, and in the same simple
way in which every little child is received into that
kingdom, furnished the most impressive illustration
I had ever known of our Saviour's words, 'Except
ye be converted and become as little children, ye
shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. Who-
soever, therefore, shall humble himself as this little-
Historical Sketch. 59
child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of
heaven.' I have reason to know that Mr. Clay did
not make this confession of faith until after a
thorough investigation of the foundations of that
Mr. Berkley tells us one little anecdote concerning
himself and his famous parishioner. He says:
** One Sunday I preached a sermon that had too
much of Djyself and my views in it ; I was a young
man then." A few days later, after dining at Ash-
land, he and his host were walking about the beau-
tiful grounds. Mr. Clay praised his recent sermon,
complimenting him upon its composition and de-
livery, but added, '^When I go to Church, I like to
hear something in the sermon that will guide a
sinner to his Saviour."
Mr. Berkley says that he accepted the rebuke and
felt that it was deserved. He remembered and
treasured that saying and was restrained by it
whenever he was inclined to preach anything else
than ** Jesus Christ and Him crucified "
In thinking of Mr. Berkley, every one recalls how
impressive the Church service was as conducted by
him. He knew it all by heart and rarely referred
to the prayer-book . The beauty of his voice and
the energy of his manner combined to make a most
striking and lasting impression on his hearers. Mr.
Merrick, a tutor at the University, used to tell his
pupils, "Boys, if you want to know how to speak,
just go down to hear Mr. Berkley "
He was a rather stout man and had a fine tenor
60 Historical Sfcetcii*
voice. At funeral services lie generally selected the
hymn, *'I Would Not Live Alway," and started the
tune himself. One could hear several of his clear,
sweet notes before others Joined in.
For many years during Mr. Berkley's rectorship,
Mr. William D. Hulett, a blind man, was the organ-
ist at Christ (^^hurch . He gave lessons on the piano,
too, and was quite a gifted musician. He was
^^' much loved, and his faithfulness and general useful-
^' ^' ness were appreciated by the congregation, the
Hulett* members of w^hich testified to their esteem by pre-
senting him with what was, in those days, a very
rare and valuable gift. This was a copy of the
Bible and of the Prayer-book for the blind, printed
by the American Bible Society. Tlie books w^eie
very large, the Bible being in three volumes, each
about two feet square and at least six inches
thick. The copies still exist and have been given to
similarly afflicted persons in the community.
Mr. Berkley was a man of marked peculiarities,
but most charming personality, and he had a wide
circle of friends in Lexington outside the members
of his own congregation. One gentleman, a Pres-
byterian, who had been married by Mr. Berkley, was
devoted to him and united, with a few others, in
presenting him, when he left Lexington, with a
handsome silver service as a mark of their affection
and esteem. Among his own flock, among the aged
that he had comforted in tribulation, among the
boys and girls he had baptized and presented for
confirmation, and among the litUe children in the
Hiftorical Sketdu 61
Sunday-school, he was revered and loved One
who was a child then testifies as to the position he
held among the latter: "We were led on and en-
couraged in our efforts by that ever true and faith-
ful Christian soldier, Edward Berkley, our truly
beloved Hector of Christ Church, whom we all
loved next to our own father.-*.**
He accepted a call to St. George's Church, St.
Louis, in 1858, and passed the remainder of his life
in that city. He died only last year, in May, 1897.
Rev, James H. Morrison, from Pemberton, Vir-
ginia, was chosen rector in 1858. In that same year ^^^*
it was planned to improve and extend the Church !• *^*
building. The church at that time was much MorrisoQ
smaller than at present. The addition included all
the space where we now have the chancel, the organ-
chamber, the robing-room and the transepts. The
old rear wall was not even recessed, but extended
straight across where the transepts now begin.
As the improvements progressed, new additi(ms to
the original plan were suggested, and the work
grew to such proportions that there was not suffi-
cient money to carry it on. After repeated efforts
to cut down the cost and to raise the necessary
funds, the undertaking was given up for the time;
the opening where the walls were incomplete was
planked up, and the church, in that condition, was
used for several years. The chancel was not finished
nor the chapel built until during Mr. Shipman*s
ministry. Many people blamed Mr. Morrison for
attempting such elaborate improvements without
62 Historical Sketch.
any idea how they were to be paid for, and
nicknamed the incomplete structure, "Morrison's
Folly.'* But we, with our great roomy church
and our exceptionally large and beautiful chancel,
feel like blessing Mr. Morrison for his wisdom in so
satisfactorily providing for the needs and tastes of
January 24, 1S60, a charter, ^vhich had been ap-
plied for, was granted by the Kentucky Legislature,
and the vestr^^ was resolv^ed into a corporation
This step was taken to enable the vestry to accept
and manage the property of Mrs. John Ward.
At the outbreak of the war, Mr. Morrison, who
was an ardent Southerner, removed to Virginia.
He was an austere and reserved man, and oae of
P _ - profound convictions and great learning. He re-
Kcv. J.b* gj^jjgjj ^^ R3ctor of Christ Church July 12, 1861
*^ * On the resignation of Rev. Mr. Morrison, Rev.
Jacob S. Shipman was called to be his successor,
and surely no more fitting choice could have been
Mr Shipman was born at Niagara, New York,
November 30, 1832. He was a graduate of Yale
College, and there enjoyed the special instruction of
Dr. Joseph M. Clark. He was ordained deacon in
1857 and was admitted to the priesthood the fol-
lowing year. His first charge consisted of two
parishes in New York State. Later he accepted
the Rectorship of Christ Church, Mobile. Thence
he was called to Christ Church, Lexington, Septem-
ber 17, 1861. He took charge of his new parish
October 13 of the same year.
Historical Sketch* 65
The state of affairs could not have been very en-
•couraging to the new rector, lor the improvements
on the church were in the most unfinished condition,
with no apparent hope of their completion. But
with his coming there seems to have arisen new
determination, for steps were taken the next year
to carrj' on the work. The vestry met for some
time every Thursday afternoon to co-operate in
rsoliciting subscriptions for the building Twothou-
(Saiid dollars were borrowed from Mrs. Ryland, one
of the active and liberal members of the church. An
additional thousand was ordered to be obtained a
few weeks later. The organ chamber was erected
at a cost of four hundred dollars, Mr. Frank Fitch
'donating one hundred and fifty dollars for that
A few months later the last part of the money
from the estate of the Rev. John Ward was paid to
the Church treasurer,.and was ordered to be appro-
priated to the payment of the debt on the chapel,
then in course of erection. Later on, the sum of
.seven thousand five hundred dollars was subscribed
by the members of the parish, and, although this
was not quite the amount needed, the work was
pushed forward to its completion. Money was
probably borrowed of the Theological Seminary
Fund, for the purpose of finishing the payments, as
the Church was afterwards in debt to the Fund for
f several years.
We know to-day little of the strenuous efforts put
forth to procure the means to carry on this Under-
^ Historical $ke)di.
taking; but we enjoy tjie reBulte; and, glorying a»
we do in the increased beauty of our old church, w^
give heartfelt thanks to those who labored to war48
In March, 1864, on Easter Monday, we have the-
first record of a meeting in the new chapel.
Bishop The Rt. Rev. George D. Cummins, D. D , was con-
Cttmminssecrated Assistant Bishop of Kentucky in Christ
Church, Louisville, November 15, 1866. He was
born in Kent County, Delaware, December 11, 18^2.
Before coming to Kentucky, he had held the follow-
ing charges: Christ Church, Norfolk; St. James'
Richmond, Virginia; Trinity, Washington, D. C.;.
St. Peter's, Baltimore, and Trinity Church, Chicago ,
His degree of D. D. was conferred on him by Prince-
ton College He was a most delightful preacher,
being distinguished for the rhetorical beauty of hi»
sermons. In November, 1873, he resigned his office
and withdrew from the Church. The following
month he presided at the organization of what i»
commonly known as the Reformed Episcopal
Church. He was formally deposed from his office
and ministry as a Bishop of the Church by the
Presiding Bishop, June 24, 1874.
In June, 1875, the Rev. Mr, Shipman was elected!
to the Bishopric of Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. The
vestry and four hundred of the congregation drew
up a petition protesting against his acceptance.
The Episcopate was declined and Mr. Shipmaii also
refused the degree of D. D. that had been conferred
by Racine ('oUege. Later on, however, he accepted
the same degree from Trinity College. The degree
Histericai Skitcfa. 67
of D. C. L. wna ctlaa coiilerred on him by Kenyon
In 1866, Christ Church Seminary was establi-^hed Christ
at Lexington by the Rev. Silas Totten, D . D. It con- Church
tinned to be a large and prosperous school for many Seminary
years. Its principal, Dr. Totten, was a man of great
learning and high standing in educational ranks^
He was born in New York in ISiH ; was a tutor in
IJnion College lor some time after his graduation ]>.
there; for three years was Professor of Mathematics Totten*
and Natural Philosophy in Trinity College, Hart-
ford ; and was then called to its presidency, which
office he held for twelve years. Afterwards he held
a professorship in William and Mary College, and
was President of Iowa State University Being in
Holy Orders, he held charges once or twice for a
sliort time, and frequently officiated in Christ Church
during his residence in this city. His death occiirred
herein 1873 The Seminary was from that time
until 1H84 successfully conducted by his daughters.
The school was strictly «C%urch institution; and it
is to be regretted that it has passed out of existence
One of the first missionary efforts put forth by Missioa
the (Church l>y which permanent results were accom- at San-
plished was the establishment of a missiim at San- dersvilk*
dersville. The place was a little manufacturing
village about three miles from Lexington. Every
Sunday afternoon a number of the congregation,
with the Rector and sometimes the blind organist,
Mr. Hulett, drove out to conduct the Sunday-
school there. The mission waa continued for some
68 Historical Sketch*
Several times the question of selling the rectory
was brought up and discussed ; but there were legal
difficulties involved. Money was fi*equently given
for its improvement.
A record of these times seems incomplete without
a personal mention of some of the members of the
Church who gave so much of their time, labor and
means to its service. In the list of the vestrymen
we find the names of many families still prominent
in our Church and community. If we were to at-
tempt to mention even the most prominent, we
should have a long- list.
The (Miurch owes a great debt of gratitude to the
memory of Mr. John S. Wilson. To him is due the
preservation of the memorial tablets in ihe church,
-- _ « and perhaps, also, the existence of the records of
vHixL^ the vestry. He was instrumental in procuring the
safe in which the records and the Church registers
are kept. He served for many years as a member
of the vestry, and when, in 1879, he removed from
this city to Louisville, resolutions were drawn up
by the vestry, expressing their regret and sense of
loss in hiH departure. He stood high in this com-
munity. His Christian character was manifested
by his great benevolence and attachment to his
Church. He was a devoted friend of Kentucky's
famous sculptor, Joel T. Hart, and all artists who
came here in need received ready sympathy and
support from him.
On November 26, 1877, the Rector, Rev. J. S Ship-
In an, D. D., tendered his resignation, having ac-
Histof ical Sketdu
cepted a call to,Cbrist Church, New York.. The
vestry had passed resolutions previously, on hear-
ing of his call, askinK him, if possible, to remain;
and his determination to leave was received with
deep sorrow by all In his pastorate of ixteen
years, he had made for himself a host of friends,
who regard him still with the sincerest affection.
He was a man of scholarly attainments and an
eloquent preacher. He drew to the Church men of
all classes, most notably those who had not been
regular attendants at Church. Men of intellect
came to hear his sermons and found in them not
only mental food, but spiritual as well. He was
bright and genial in disposition, with a warm and
generous heart. In self-sacrificing devotion todut^',
he more than once relinquished his summer vaca-
tion to remain by the bedside of a sick parishioner.
He came to our city in troublous times, when not
only friends were estranged from each other, but
families were divided. With great wisdom and
prudence, by refraining always from an expression
of his own views, he maintained in the Church that
unity which he deemed should be found there at all
events. We quote a few words from an address to
the Lexington Bible Society by Dr. Lyman Beecher
Todd, Dr. Shipmari's personal friend :
"Of Mr. Shipman's usefulness as pastor, and also
of his admirable administrative ability, the vene-
rated Bishop Smith, on visiting this parish and ad-
ministering the rite of ccmtirmation to the largest
class ever presented in the history of the Church, re-
marked in the liresence of the speaker: 'This Church
bere at Lexington is greatly blesned in a Rector;
8hipman has an old head on young shoulders; and
I do believe he is the only man in America who.
when every Protestant church in Lexington has
divided during this war, could have held thlsChnrch
together.' Pare in spirit and with a warm heart,
he gave comfort to the afflicted and sorrowing, and
with bright intelligence and genial natiii-e carried
gladness everywhere. He will ever have a green
spot in many, many loving hearts **
Dr. Shipman is the present Rector of Christ
Church, New York. His son Herbert Is also a
clergyman of the Church, and has lately accepted
the appointment of Chaplain at West Point.
Some time after his resignation, tlie Church was
offered to the Assistant Bishop, Rt. Rev. T. U.
Dudley, D. D., to hold with an assistant minister.
Bishop Dudley expressed his personal willingness to
accept such a position, but stated that he could
not act in the matter without the consent of the
Council, which would not convene until May. It
seemed im[>o8sible at that time to defer the matter
till then. So, after due deliberation, on the 12th of
Rev. March, 1878, the Rev. Thomas A. Tidball, of Ports-
T. A. mouth, Virginia, was called to officiate here. He
TidbalL entered upon his new duties soon afterwards, and
preached his first sermon as Rector of Christ Church
on Easter Sunday.
Dr. Tidball had not been here long before he be-
came deeply interested in missionary work among
the colored people in this city. In 1S80 the chapel
known as St. Andrew's, on Fourth Street, between
Upper and Limestone, was purchased for their use.
Historical Sketch. 71
For several years Dr. Tidball conducted entirely c* Aj.
the work in this Mission, and left it well organized j g_^-
and in a prosperous condition, the congregation ^.^|^^
being under the charge of a minister of their own
In 1882 the property on Third Street, presented
hy Mrs. Eliza Brand Woodward, to be used as a
home for needy and infirm women, called -^now the
Masalester Home, was formally taken charge of by
the Church The Home had been opened for in-
mates during Dr. Shipman^s time.
In May, 1884, the venerable Bishop Smith passed
Away, and the Rt. Rev. T. U. Dudley, D. D., suc-
ceeded to the episcopate of the Diocese He is a
native of Virginia and was born September 26. 1><37.
He studied at the University of Virginia and taught Bishop
■Oreek in that institution before he was twenty-one Dudley*
^ears old. Afterward he studied for the ministry
in the Theological Seminary of Virginia, near Alex-
andria. His first charge was at Harrisonburg,
Virginia. Then he was Rector of ('hrist Church,
Baltimore, until he was elected Assistant Bishop of
Kentucky. He was consecrated January 27, 1875,
-and in the early spring of that year visited L^^xing-
ton and stood for the first time in the chancel of
Christ Church. Dr. Shii)man was the Rector, and
Bishop Dudley makes the following statement con-
cerning the condition of the parish then : **Christ
Church Impressed me at that time as bping one of
the very strongest pafishes in the country. The
•comnhtmieaHt list was large, the attendance upon
72 Historical Sketch*
the services most satisfactory, the devotion to the-
Rector intense, and the consequent interest in the
. work of the Church most enthusiastic."
The duties of the Assistant Bishop were very-
numerous and his responsibilities great, for Bishop-
Smith, being Presiding Bishop of the Church, wa»;
obliged to spend most of his time in New York.
But the position was most satisfactorily and ad-
mirably tilled. During the interval between Dr.
Shipman's resignation and Mr. Tidball's coming,.
Bishop Dudley frequently conducted the Sunday
services and spent much of his time in Lexington.
Both Bishop and people profited by this oppor-
tunity to become more closely acquainted. He won
many life-long friends, and they found that to know
him better was to love and admire him the more.
The Diocese so grew and prospered under his care-
that in 1896 it was considered advisable to divide
the large territory into two dioceses. This was
done and Bishop Dudley retained the western half
wMth the old name of the Diocese of Kentucky ; and
the newly formed Diocese of Lexington elected as-
its Bishop Rev. Lewis W. Burton, then in charge of
St. Andrew's Church, Louisville.
Bishop Dudley stands among the highest in the-
esteem and affection both of men outside and of
those within the Church. He is justly celebrated
throughout the country for his great intelligence,,
for the breadth and liberality of his views and for
his powerful and winning eloquence. He has
always received and in future may ever be sure of:
4k hearty welcome ifrom the members of Christ
"Church; and they feel they may still claim from him
an interest in their welfare and a share in his affec-
tions. He himself says: "During all these years,
.from 1876 to 1896, Christ Church was to me one of
the best beloved congregations over which I had
•been Overseer, aad when the division of the Diocese
•came, natural and necessary, one of the sorest
trials it brought to me was the sundering of my
connection with that parish; and now it has,
wisely, as I think, become the Cathedral of the
Diocese of Lexington, which means, as I under-
stand it, the central Missionary Agency, the home
of the Bishop, whence shall radiate an influence for
unity of purpose and of works throughout the
whole Diocesan district. I can but pray God, as I
do with all my heart, that the strength of the
-Cathedral may become speedily ten fold that of the
parish in its palmiest days. I know the wisdom
and the devotion of the Bishop into whose hands I
have surrendered this charge, and I am confident
that nothing of leadership will be lacking, and that
.success will depend upon the faithful following of
December 1», 1884, Dr Tidball resigned as Rector
of the parinh. He was born near Winchester, Vir-
.ginia. He began his career by studying law, but
«oon abandoned that for the ministry. He studied
ifor three years in the Theological Seminary of Vir-
;|^nia and was ordained deacon by Bishop Whittle.
His first two charges were in his native state, those
75 Historical Sketdu
of Accomac and Trinity Church, Portsmouth. In
the latter beautiful colonial church he was ordained
piieBt by Bishop Johns. Thence in 1878 he was.
called to Lexinj?ton. His resij^nation, after a. stay
of six prosperous years, was received with deep and
heartfelt sorrow, for it was felt that the Church in
Kentucky had suffered an incalculable loss. Always
blessed in her pastors, she had not been less so this*
time, for Dr. Ti iball is a man of high and noble
character. He is a scholarly, as well as spiritual-
minded man, and is a preacher of great power and
wide note. His works in our parish speak for
themselves, and no rector of ours was ever more
loved and admired.
He went from here to St. Paul's Church, Camden^
New Jersey. Of liis work there. Bishop Scarborough
said it was "a little less than marvellous." In 1893-
he was called to the Church of the Epiphany ii>
Philadelphia, which charge he now holds. He has
received marked distinction in several ways. His
degree of D. D. was conferred by W.Uiam and Mary
Colleiie. He was elected Professor of Systematic-
Divinity in the Divinity School of Philadelphia, and
in 1892 was chosen Missionary Bishop of Japan;
but both of these honors were declined.
^ In the spring following Dr TidbalFs departure,-
^ , a project in which he had been very much inter-
^°"J*"* ested,the forming of a Woman's Guild in this par-
ish, was finally accomplished. This most admirable
body has continued ever since, and has done untold
Historical Sketch TI
Shortly after this time- a part of the congrega-St» John's
tion, desiring a system of free pews and a more Parish*
ornate form of worship, withdrew and organized
St. John's Parish, in this city.
While the Church was without a permanent
Rector, the Rev. Mr Pentz officiated during a great
part of the time, as did also the Rev. George StanJ
berry. Mr. Stanberry was a deacon in the Epis-
copal Church, and, during the many years of his Mr. Stan-
residence near this city, he frequently assisted in b«"T»
the conduct of divine service in Christ Church. He
was a member of the vestry and a faithful worker.
The Rev. Edward H. Ward was called to the
parish, April 27, 1885. Mr. Ward was born in
€ampbell County, Virginia, December 18, 1849. He
was educated at Roanoke College, in his native
state, and studied for the ministry later at the^^J
Theological Seminary, near Alexandria, Virginia,
where Dr. Tidball also studied He was made' *
deacon in June, 1873, and the following year was
admitted to the priesthood by the Rt. Rev. John
Johns, D. U , Bishop of Virginia. He had charge
of a parish while a deacon, and was Assistant
Minister of St. Paul's Church, Petersburg, Virginia,
in 1874. After that he held several charges in Cali-
fornia, and was called to Lexington from St. John's
Church, Stockton. While in Lexington, he received
the degree of D. D. from his Alma Mater, Roanoke
During the month of January, 1888, a Mission
was conducted in €hrist Church by the Rev. Dr. H.
78 HMorfeal SMck
M» Jaek^on, of Richmond, Virg^iiri^.* now the Bishop
Coadjutor of Alabama.
jM|j. In October of the 9«me yei^r, one of the noo»t im-
f fh^ portant and beneficit^l works of the Church w.a^
Q^^ undertaken and cariied to completion: — the ^tab-
Sheohffd ^**^***^^* ^^ ^^^ Mission on South Broad wc^y. The
^^ lot for the purpose was donated by Mr. J. Q. A^
Hay man; and eighteen hundred dollars were raised
by subscription for the building. The furnace and
organ were donated, thus greatly reducing theexr
pense. It is called tlie Chapel of the Good Shepherd.
Rev* As soon as the Chapel, was completed, an assistant
W* C miuiHter, the Rev. William C. Barnes, was called to
Barnes, conduct the work there. Mr Bamps remaine<i only
a little more than a year, then resigning to accept
another charge. In May of 1891, Mr. Richard L. Mc-
Cready succeeded Mr. Barnes. He came from Louis-
ville as Lay Reader and Candidate for Orders to
study under Dr. Ward. In the folio wing December he^
wns ordained Deacon by Bishop Dudley. He served
R«v» very successfully for two years . During his short
R» L* stay in our midet, he showed a great devotion to
McCrea- duty, and ability and faithfulness in his profession,
dy He was called to the Church of the Ascension iu
PYankfort, Kentucky, where he was ordained Priest
and of which he is now Rector.
A work which originated in one of the sooieties
of the Parish demands mention here. Inl890th9
Woman's Guild purchased the Gratz property oi^
East Short Street, to be used as a hospital. The
name Protestant Infirpmry w^-s gjyen tp it. No
Rev. John N. Lewis, Jr., Dean.
Kistofical Sketch. 81
charity, perhaps, has accomplished more good in Protest-
our city than this noble institution, which certainly ant In-
should receive the support of all Protestant de- flrmary*
nominations. To conduct this benevolent enterprise
has required from our ladies sublime faith and
-courage. Into its structure have been worked their
tears and their prayers. It has attracted to itself
the contributions and labors of our own most gen-
erous and devoted members and those of many
like-minded friends outside the Parish. Many ad-
ditions and improvements in the buildings have
been made in the last few years, till now the
Woman's Guild owns property to the amount of
thirty-five thousand dollars. To-day the Infirmary
stands one of the completest hospitals in the South
in its equipment. Its School for Trained Nurses is
the only one in this city, and has been an agency
of incalculable value. The work of the Infirmary
from the beginning has been chiefly charitable. In
all this labor of love and free-handed benevolence
no effort has been made by its managers to im-
press upon the community its Episcopal relation-
ship or to make it in any way an agency for merely
building up the Parish.
The work of the Church went along quietly for
severaLyears, with a. steady growth. Perhaps the
greatest material improvement of late years was
iji the purchase, in 1892, of a new. large pipe organ.
, We recall with the greatest pleasure the Misfiiion Rev* Dr»
conducted in our phwrch in March, 1895^ by the Kev. Barrett's
Dr. Barrett, whp sipc^, has pq-sspd to the Chuj:ch MisiicMu
B2 Historical Sketdu
Triumphant. Dr. Barrett was a preacher of won-
derful force and power; and the ten days of hi»
stay here will be long remembered.
In June, 1895, the vestry decided to vote for the
division of the Diocese of Kentucky. The Council
to decide this Important matter met in the Cathe-
dral at Louisville, pursuant to a call from the Rt.
Rev. Dr. Dudley, Bishop of the Diocese. The com-
mittee appointed at the last regular session of the
Council, to investigate the matter of the division of
the Diocese, reported favorably and urged the
taking of this step. Their report was adopted
unanimously ; and the matter was referred to the
next General Convention. It was agreed that the
Theological Seminary Fund of twenty-eight thou-
sand dollars should, by the authority of a decree of
the court, be transferred to the Episcopate Endow-
ment Fund, then amounting to twelve thousand
dollars; and in ca^e of the division of the Diocese^
that this fund should be divided equally between
the two Dioceses. The division became necessjary
because of the growth of the Diocese, the territory
under these conditions being deemed too large to
be under the care of one Bishop. Then, too, It wa»
realized that in this way the missionary work in
the Eastern portion of the Diocese would be ad-
The General Convention which met In October,
1895, gave its consent to the formation of a new
Diocese within the State of Kentucky. The Pq.
mary Council of the new Diocese was held in Christ
Historical Sketch. 83
Church, Lexington, December 4, 1895. It lasted two
days, and much buBlnesH connected with the Diocese
was transacted. First, the name of the Diocese of
Lexington was unanimously agreed upon. Then
the election of a Bishop was in order. Several
clergymen were nominated, all of them eminent,
and the choice finally fell upon the Rev. Lewis W.
Burton, then Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Louis-
ville. The election was made unanimous.
Bishop Burton was born on the 9th of November,
1852, in Cleveland, Ohio, where his uncle and his
father were for many years Rectors of St. John's Bishop
Church He graduated from Kenyon College with Burtoiu
the first honors of his class in 1873, receiving the
degree of A. B. and afterwards A. M. He studied
for the ministry in the Philadelphia Divinity School,,
and was ordained priest May 15th, 1^78, in St.
Paul's Church, Cleveland, by Bishop Bedell. He^
held the successive charges. All Saints', Cleveland ;
St. Mark's, Cleveland; St. John's, Richmond, Vir-
ginia, and St. Andrew's, Louisville. At both of the-
last named churches he accomplished a remarkable
work in building up the parishes. We are fortunate-
Indeed to have a man for our Bishop with such a
record of good works in the past and such a
promise of great good for the future. In the two
years he has been with us, he has won the sincere-
love and confidence of his people and universal ad-
miration for his talents and his character. Especially
has he endeared himself to those to whom he has
ministered in times of distress and bereavement.
Q4 (Sstgrical Sketch.
We feel we must express our ratification at his
havinj? selected Lexington for his home, and we
hear on all sides that the clergy and the people of
our city are proud to count him one of their num-
ber. An idea was expressed so frequently and by
so many different persons, on last Thanksgiving
day, that it surely indicates the sentiments of the
congregation of Christ Church Cathedral, and
should be quoted. It was, that we ought to thank
God for sending us our Bishop and thank the
Bishop for having, with God's help, found us the
' Dean .
On December 9. 1896, the Rev. Dr. Ward handed
his resignation to the vestry, having previously re-
ceived a call from St. Peter's Church, Pittsburg.
Although the vestry requested Dr. Ward to recon-
sider his resignation, it was not withdrawn, but
took effect January 6, of the following year; and in
the same month he removed to his new parish.
Deep sorrow was felt and expressed by all the con-
gregation at the loss of one of our most able
. Living as we do now, so near to the events just
recorded, it is difficult to estimate the progress
made in the past decade and to pay a just tribute
to the Rector who was the efficient head of the
Church during that time. It is certain that the
Church made great progress. Many of the present
Church societies, were organized. Among them,
the Brotherhood of St. Andrew, the Altar Guild, the
Woman's Auxiliary and the Junior Auxiliary. Dr.
Historical Sketth* 85
Ward is a man of unusual ability as a scholar, and
a delightful- preacher. He manifested, also, fine
executive ability, conducting the affairs of thfe
parish most admirably. Never had its finances been
better managed. He won the- respect and unfeigned
love of his parishioners, who wish for him great
success in his new and broader field of labor.
During the months succeeding Dr. Ward's depar-
ture, the question of making the Church the Cathe-
dral of the Diocese was discussed in the vestry and
generally throughout the congregation. The Bishop Chxist
had already honored Lexington by choosing thai; Church^
city for his home. Funds had been collected ; and Cathc-
the Episcopal residence on Sixth street was under j^jj^
way. This building was finally completed during
the winter of 1897-8. Formal action upon this ini-
portant matter was taken March 8, 1897, when the
vestry officially offered the Church to Bishop Bur-
ton as his Cathedral, with certain provisions. A
parish meeting was called for March 15, which rati-
fied the action of the vestry. The Bishop notified
the vestry, on the 9th of April, of his acceptance of
their offer of the Church, and nominated for Dean
of the Cathedral the Rev. John Neher Lewis, Jr.,
Rector of Grace Church, Honesdale, Pennsylvania.
The vestry elected Mr. Lewis ; and shortly after-
wards he accepted the call.
Dean Lewis was born at Annandale-on-the-Hud- P^
son, Dutchess County, New^ York, January J 8, 1869. ^-*^^*
He entered the Sophomore year at Williams College
and graduated from that institution in the class of
€6 Historical Sketdu
'89. He then Hstudied for three years at the Berke-
ley •Divinity School at Middletown, Connecticut,
under Bishop Williams, and was ordained deacon
in June, 1892. In the same year he became Assist-
ant Minister to Rev. Dr. Rainsford, Hector of St.
George's Church, New Yorli City. He had oflaciated
in several parishes during his seminary course. He
was made priest in 1893 by Bishop Williams. On
.July 1, 1894, he accepted a call to the Rectorship of
Grace Church, Honesdale, Pennsylvania, and held
this position for the three years immediately pre-
ceding his comiag to this cit3^
Dean Lewis has already done much good and has
w^on the esteem, not alone of the members of his
Parish, but also of the citizens of Liexington
generally. During his short stay among us,
there has been felt a spontaneous impulse along
all lines; the attendaice at the Church services has
«hown a marked increase; and the work in the
parish has gone forward zealously. We echo the
words of one of his own parishioners,!* *May he long
be the last.''
An important addition has recently been made to
the Cathedral Clerical Staff by the appointment of
the Rev. H. H. Sneed to conduct services at the
€hapel of the Good Shepherd. Mr. Sneed has served
(for a long time in our Diocese and was known to
many of this Parish in his connection with the
church at Middlesborough. He is now Rector of
Holy Trinity Church, Georgetown, and Missionary
€Lt Nicholasville He holds services at the Mission
Chapel every Sunday and Tuesday evenings.
Historical Sketch. 87
We shall boat present still further aspects of our Memo-
parochial history by examining the memorials rials*
erected in the church. Certainly they are usually
the most interesting objects within a church's walls.
In them we find usefulness combined with beauty .
They express our love and honor for the dead and
are constant sources of pleasure to the living. A
stranger delights in stained-glass windows and in
a. pure white marble font; but his satisfaction in
mere beauty of color and form cannot be compart d
with the deep feeling in the loving hearts of those
who placed such objects there. It is a feeling that
they have erected here, in the very church which
their departed friends attended and cherished,
tributes of respect and affection, by which their
loved ones, though dead, still speak and serve the
kingdom of God.
In the century of our Church's history there have
been noble names and brave deeds worthy of com-
memoration, and it is to be regretted that there
are not more memorials to keep fresh in the minds
of the younger generations the names of the earnest
men who started and kept up the Church in times
of discouragement and adversity ; to remind those
struggling to-day that difficulties have been en-
countered in the past and have been overcome; and
to help us all remember that great cloud of wit-
nesses surrounding us, so that we may be inspired
to run patiently and worthily the race that is set
before us .
The beautiful window in the right transept, with
the three life-sized figures of St. Gabriel, the Virgin
Mary and St. Catherine, was given by Mrs. Eliza*
Woodward. The inscription reads: **To the
greater glory of God and in loving memory of Ed«-
ward Macalester, October 2, 18(>6; Lily Brand
Duncan, October 9, 1881;" and in the third panel
space is left for the donor's own name. Mrs. Wood-
ward sent a photograph of her niece to the artist
in Rome, with instructions to make the face of the
central figure as much like the picture *is possible.
His effort was so successful that the result is said
to be an admirable likeness. Consequently the
memorial is doubly prized by those who knew and
loved Mrs. Duncan.
Of the companion window in the left transept,
the first panel, representing the healing of the im-
potent man at the Pool of Bethesda, was presented
in memory of Mr. George Brand, by his children.
He died January 9th, 1883. The third panel is iik
memory of his wife, Fanny Macalester Brand, who
died September 27, 1883, and was given by her
daughter. The scene is where the Risen Christ
meets Mary Magdalene. Tlie middle panel, the
Ascension, is in memory of the father and mother
of George W. Brand, John Brand and Elizabeth
Hay Brand, who both died in 1849.
Of the five quaint, narrow windows in the chan-
cel, only three are memorials. The first one on the
left has the inscription, "Rev. John Ward, born
September, 1778, died May, 1860. A memorial from
affectionate pupils." The second one is to John
^'^-^ A; *'
— .' '
1^ it k
+ * 1i
■ ift^i ilk.'
' * !
_^^_^ _ _' ^
f * -
" * -
» J4i -
Right Transept. Left Transept.
and Elizabeth Brand by their daughter Eliza Wood-
ward. And on the last window on the right-hand
«ide we read, "Elizabeth B. Smith, consort of BenJ.
Smith, bom 1796, died 1833. Requleseat in pace."
On the large brass cross upon the re-table are the
words,**To the glory of GOD and in loving memory
of Fanny M. Brand, Advent, 1883." This was given
by her daughter.
Both the brass book-rests on the altar have been
given by Mrs. S. B. Cronly; one, **In Memorlam —
Bruen and Sallie Madge — Holy Innocents, 1882;**
t;he other, '*In Memoriani— Sallie Madge Cronley,
Easter, April 2, 1893— From her Mother."
The brass standards on each side of the altar and
the beautiful corona suspended from the ceiling
were given by Mrs. Cronly in memorj^of her mother,
her father an«l her husband, Margery and Joseph
Bruen and Edward L. Cronly, Christmas, 1888.
The marble font has an interesting origin. Before
i;he present church was finished, that is, about fifty
years ago, the Rev. Mr. Berkley suggested to the
children of the Sunday-school that they might try
to give the new font. The next day at school, dur-
ing recess, eight little girls, between the ages of
nine and twelve, discussed the matter and decided
to undertake to raise the money. They were Mary
and Amelia Timberlake, Mary and Theo Curd, Eliza
And Ellen March, Mary Eliza Smith and Kate
Pinckard. It is one of these who tells us the story.
They met on numerous Saturdays and sewed upon
Articles which their mothers would cut out for
92 Historical Sketcfu
them. When the things were completed two girlB
filled a basket and went around to all the ladies
whom they knew and found kind and ready pur-
chasers. In this way they made ten dollars. They
then decided to give a fair, and hold it in the big
school-room right next to the church. The older
members of the congregation became Interested,
and contributions were freely promised the de-
lighted children. It was strawberry weason, and
they had an abundance of good things. Among
them was an enormous '*ring cake," which was
sold by the slice, and Eliza March received the slice
with the ring in it. The attendance was large, the
patronage generous and the fair proved a great
success. The girls cleared one hundred and fifty
dollars, which they proudly handed to Mr Berkley.
He sent the money to Italy^ to Mr. Joel T. Hart,.
Kentucky's famous sculptor, who selected and,
possibly, himself, designed the font for them. It
has around the bowl the appropriate text, ''Suffer
little children to come unto me, and forbid them
not." The cross on the font was added by Mrs.
Edward Coleman, a memorial to Miss Pauline Mc-
The lectern of oak, an eagle with outspread
wings, was placed in the church in memory of
Richard Curd, by his family, in 1868. And the hexag-
onal pulpit, with the figure of our Saviour in the
front of it, was erected in 1868, in memory of Eleanor
H. (^urd, by her (laughters.
The two large brass vases are in memory of Mrs.
Historical Sketch 93
Lily Duncan, given by Mrs. John Allen and Mrs.
Charles Voorhies. The third vase, which stands on
the altar at the foot of the cross, was given by Mrs.
Cronley in memory of her brother, Joseph Bruen,
Jr., Easter, April 2, 1893 A beautiful white topaz
is set in the front of the vase. The stone. was
brought to Mr. Bruen from Europe and was given
to his sister after his death. It adds greatlj^ to the
beauty and vsclue of the memorial
The alms basin is in memory of Dunbar Griffith
Jeffrey, and was given by Mrs. Gorton
The tall brass font ewer has the inscription,
**One Lord, One Faith, Oae Baptism. In memoriam
my beloved sons, Henry and Dunbar " It was
given by Mrs. Alexander Jeffrey.
The silver shell used in Baptism was given by
Mrs. Bodley in memory of little Willie Pickett.
The Bible on the lectern has on the cover the
words, **In Memoriam, .lohn B. Tilford, Jr."
On the large prayer-book for the altar is written,
**Christ Church, Lexington, Kentucky. In Memo-
riam, Wright Merrick."
A set of books in use in the chapel was given as a
memorial to Mrs. Ann Bean.
The three setrf of prayer-books and hymnals were
recently presented anonymously for use in the chan-
cel. . . .
The oldest memorials are the marble tablets to
Rev. Mr. Moore and Mr* Clifford. They were pre-
served when the old church of Mr.' Berkley's time
was torn dowii, and were fix'ed in the walls of the
94 Hlfloffkal SkOdau
present bi;ildlng, on each side of the main door to
the middle aisle, when the church was remodelled
Tinder Dr. Shipman. The inscription on that to
Mr. Moore will be seen in the print of it published
in this volume. That to Mr. Clifford reads as fol-
Sacred to the Memory of
Jobn D* CUtlorD, jesq,,
WHO EXHIBITED IN HIS CHARACTER
A RARE UNION
PRIVATE BENEVOLENCE AND WORTH,
SINCERITY, WARMTH AND STEADINESS IN ATTACHMENTS,
STRENGTH AND COMPASS OF INTELLECT,
KNOWLEDGE AND ENTERPRISE IN BUSINESS,
He died May 8th, 1820, aged 41 years.
The Church Home is the largest and most sub-
stantial of all the memorials. A beautiful tablet
hangs in the hall of the Home with this inscription •
Historical Sketcfu 95
To the Glory of God.
Christ Church Home.
Id Loving Memory of Edward Macalester.
Entered into life, October 2, 1866.
Founded by his Wife,
Eliza Macalester Woodward,
Who entered into life, May 9, 1897.
Grant him, O Lord, Eternal Rest, and let perpetual
Light shine upon him.
The occupancy of the house was first granted by
Mrs. Woodward in 1S79 ; and she deeded the prop-
erty to Christ Church, July 5, 1881. Since its estab-
lishment, it has afforded the shelter and the comfort
of home to many a helpless, lonely woman.
In the Chapel of the Good Shepherd a beautiful
round window was inserted over the altar, Christ-
mas, 1897. It represents the Star ol Bethlehem, and
is in memory of Maria Blair Todd, one of the first
and most faithful workers in the Mission Sunday*
school. The organ there was given in memory of
little Theo. Wood. The font'was given by Christ
* Church Guild and the altar by Mrs. Ella' Williauk-
More than a century has passed over Christ
Church Cathedral— a century crowded with events
and crowned ^ith achievement. From an insig-
nificant beginning tliere has been a marvellous
growth.. At times we have seen a struggling
•Church, and again one that wap resplendent with,
glor3^ from the illustrious men who were connected
with it. Four different buildings have stood upon
the present site, built from time to time as the in-
<!rea8e in the congregation demanded. Our church
edifice of to-day has passed its fiftieth anniversary ;
several generations have worshiped within its
walls; and, from among these, many noble and
tainted ones have passed from the Church Militant
to the great host of the Church Triumphant.
Memories crowd fast upon us, at times, as we
«tand within the dim walls of the dear old church,
Or turn the pa^es of its register, where the story of
many a life is told in two or three brief entries.
^ From an eventful past we turn, with great hope
tn our hearts, to the Church at present, and look
forward to its future. Christ Church has most
fittingly been merged into Christ Church Cathedral.
The Church is the oldest in the state, and the for-
mation of the original Diocese of Kentucky was
brought about through its efforts. So it seems
just and right that, exactly one hundred and one
yearfl after the first gathering together of her con-
gregation, and on the fiftieth annireraary of tlie
building of the present church, she should become
the Cathedral of the new Diocese.
The Cathedral has to-day a communicant list of ^
nearly five hundred. Connected with it most di- ^*"*^ **
rectly we have a Sunday-school, whose growth in ^'^^^^
the past year has been very encouraging to those
engaged in that work, the interest manifested being
much greater and the attendance roll increasing
every Sunday It has a rival in the school con-
ducted at the Mission of the Good Shepherd.
Though the number of pupils is not so large as in
the Parish Sunday-school, an enthusiasm prevails
in the school that promises well for the future.
Perhaps first and foremost among the working
organizations of the Cathedral stands the Woman's
Guild. It numbers in its membership the most
faithful workers in the Parish, and its infiuence has
been felt every w^here throughout our community.
The Protestant Infirmary will stand as an endur-
ing monument of its achievement.
The Altar Guild, at first only a committee of the
Woman's Guild, under the able leadership of its first
chairman, the late Mrs. M. R. Stockwell, soon be-
came an independent organization.
The parochial chapter of the Brotherhood of St.
Andrew is to be counted one of the most progress-
ive organizations. Its membership is of course con-
fined to the men of the Parish ; but here it fiils a
long-felt want. The sympathy and good wishes of
the whole congregation are with its membern in
their work. They have recently rented a house
near the Good Shepherd Chapel on South Broad-
way, which is open every evening as a reading
r(»om for men and boys. It is in a part of the city
where there is an excellent opening for such a work;
and its ultimate success is not to be doubted.
The Woman's Auxiliary, though only recently es-
tablished in our midst, is proving here the same
* 'strong right arm of the Church'' as elsewhere.
Closely allied with this is the work of the Junior
Auxiliary, which is worthy of the highest commen-
dation. A large number of the young girls of the
Parish are connected with it. And last, and least
in one sense though not in another, among the
missionary societies stands the ^'Babies' Branch,*'
which extends throughout the Diocese. Many cir-
cles of ten little ones have been formed, each mem-
ber contributing one cent a week for the cause of
missions, and offering with it a simple but tender
l)rnyer for the missionaries everywhere.
We must also mention the work of the Friendly
Society and the Band of Mercy, societies conducted
in connection with the Chai)el of the Good Shep-
herd. The work of the former is among the women
and children of that mission. For them also there
has been organized quite recently a branch of the
St. Andrew's Chapel, the mission for colored
people, is under the charge of the Rev. C. H.
Thompson, D. D. Its Sunday-school is ably con-
ducted by a Superintendent and teachers from the
Cathedral, ancj is making* rapid strides under their
At present in the Cathedral we have a mixed
choir of adult voices. The vested choir of the chil-
dren of the Sunday-school sin^s now only at the
children's festival celebrations. Both choirs are
efficiently and agreeably conducted by our organist.
Miss Bertha Emery, who has filled her present po-
sition for more than two years.
In entering upon the years that lie before us, we
feel that we have the inspiration of a splendid past.
Let us receive from it an impulse to higher endeavor
on our part. As we stand to-day in our compar-
atively new position, as the chief Church, in an offi-
cial sense, of a missionary Diocese, whose parishes
one and all look to us to lead the way in the great
work waiting everywhere to be done for Christ,
let us strive to make the next century even more
fruitful than the one just ended.
Information has been derived from the following
Records of the Vestry of Christ Church.
Old Files of the Kentucky Gazette.
Journals of Diocesan Councils.
Collins' History of Kentucky.
Allen's History of Kentuck3^
Marshall's History of Kentucky.
Peter's History of Fayette County .
Ranck's History of Lexington.
Peter's History of Transylvania University.
Campbell's History of Virginia-
America and the American Church, by the Rev.
Perry's History of the American Episcopal Church.
Perry's Bishops of the American Church.
Lexington Church Record.
Historical Sketches of Christ Church, Louisville
by Rev. James D. Craik.
Historical Sketch of Christ Church, New York
Church Review and Ecclesiastical Register.