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Christ Church Cathedral. 



Christ Church Cathedral 

Lexington^ Ky. 


EASTER, 1898 

i* '*'^'''' ^06, 



Time is relative; and a century in our land and 
in this modern era means incomparably more than 
the whole life of Methuselah or of Thomas Parr. 

A congregation changes very much its compo- 
sition every ten or fifteen years. And the clergy 
are even more migratory. So that the following 
Sketch concerns a great many^people. When we 
recall contemporaneous history in its general secu- 
lar, civil, religious and ecclesiastical relationships, it 
will be considered that thfs Parish must have been 
affected by many diverse conditions and experi- 
ences and circumstances. 

That through all these, and in spite of not a few 
of them, the Parish has gone ** from strength to 
strength" does not seem strange to us who know 
the stalwart worth of the families composing it and 
the excellent parts of the clergymen successively 
ministering to it. 

A proper motive for this Sketch is the desire to 
preserve, often out of fading human memories and 
fugitive records, facts becoming ever more valuable 
as our people awaken to the importance of history 
and realize their obligations to the past. But we 
must not miss being provoked **unto love and to 
good works" by the noble example and worthy deeds 
of those who have been elevated to the Church 


Triumphant. On the other hand, as the dim eye» 
of veterans of the Church Militant glance over 
these pages, let them not feel that despite is done to 
the days of their struggle and victory, because the 
present is glorified. Surely it was for this that they 
battled: — that the gates of hell might not prevail 
and that the Church of Christ might increase and 
abound ever more and more. 

So let us all unite in thanking the young ladies 
for the fruitage of their labor of love, these glean- 
ings from a century of parochial life that they have 
had to go far afield and search diligently to gather^ 
And, thus standing together in common love for an 
edifice so venerable and for the oldest parish in our 
Commonwealth, with all the hallowed traditions and 
associations that necessarily cling to it, let us reach 
up our hands in petition for even richer blessings; 
let us gird up our loins to strive after even nobler 
achievements; let us determine that, through our 
broad-minded love and unselfish zeal, we shall make 
Christ Cathedral Church and Parish, so favorably 
situated in this central and typical town, a fostering 
mother indeed to 3ts local community and to the 
Diocese of Lexington. Lewis W. Burton, 

Lexington, Ky., Bishop of Lexington, 

Mid-Lent, 1898. 

Historical Sketch 

•♦The groves were God's first temples.*' 

Extracts from the **Journal of an Expedition to 
Cantucliy in 1775" by Colonel Richard Henderson. 

"Saturday, May 13th.— About 50 yards from the 
river (Kentucky) behind my camp,nnd a finespring 
a little to the west, stands one of tiie finest elms 
that perhaps nature has ever produced. The tree 
is i)roduced on a beautiful plain, surrounded by a 
turf of fine white clover forming a green to the very First 
stock. The trunk is about 4 ffet through to the Religious 
first branches which are about 9 feet from the Service 
ground. From thence it regularly extends its large . «. 
branches on every side, at such equal distance as "* ^*°" 
to form the most beautiful tree the Imagination tucky* 
can suggest. The diameter of the branches from 
the extreme end is 100 feet, and every fine day it de- 
scribes a semicircle on the heavenly green around it 
of upwards of 400 feet in circuit. At any time be- 
tween the hours of 10 and 12, 100 persons may com- 
modiously seat themeelves under the branches. 

•*This divine tree, or rather one of the many 
proofs of the existence from all eternity of its Di- 
vine Author, is to be our church, council chamber, 
etc. Having many things on our hands, we have 
not had time to erect a pulpit, seats, etc,, but hope 
by Sunday seven-night to perform divine service in 
a public manner, and that to a set of svoiiiKlrels, 
who scarcely believe in God or fear a devil — if sve 
are to judge from most of their looks, words or 

**Sunday, 28th May.— Divine service, for the first 
time in Kentucky, was performed by the Rev. John 
Lythe, of the Church of England." 

8 Historical Sketch 

The service was held at Boonesborough, or near 
b3\ and was read from an English prayer-book. 

With such an early beginning, one might wonder 
that the real history of the Church in the State 
commences some twenty years later. To find the 
The reason, we must turn to the history of Virginia, of 
Church which Kentucky was so long a part. The former 
in Vir- state was colonized with a distinctly religious pur- 
ginia. pose. The primary object of the first expedition 
sent there was to convert the savages . These col- 
onists were adherents of the Church of England. In 
their settlements for a long time the Church had 
its only foothold in America, and there it was al- 
ways strongest. 

By 16t)l some fifty parishes had been formed in 
Virginia, but only about ten of these were provi- 
ded with ministers. A few of these clergymen were 
devoted, earnest men, but there were others who 
had come from England only when there seemed 
no prospect of getting a living at home. These 
latter did not have the purest motives, or lead the 
most consistent lives. 

In spite of its struggling condition, the Church 
had a deep influence on the Revolution, imi)arting 
the high principles and motives that prevailed. 

The greatest want was the lack of a head, since 
there was no bishop in this country. The parishes 
nominally belonged to the Diocese of London ; but 
this was only in name. As early as the reign of 
Charles the Second requests were constantly made 
to the Church in the mother country to have a 

Historical Sketch 

bishop sent out to the colonies; but the applica- 
tion was either overlooked or ignored. The So iety 
for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts 
was a great assistance in sending out many good 
men as missionaries. 

The want of ^ bishop necessitated the sending to 
England of all candidates for ordination ; and of 
course no confirmations could beheld. Thus the 
growth of the Church was greatly retarded. At 
the time just preceding and during the Revolution, 
requests for a bishop were less urgent, as it was 
feared that by sending one England might 
rstrengthen her hold on the colonies With the Rev- 
olution and the cons quent distrust and dislike of 
anything pertaining to England, came a strong 
prejudice against the Church of England The 
Propagation Society withdrew its missionaries, 
and many of the clergy >ii en were left without 
means of support. Many left the ministry and 
turned to other occupations, some to farming and 
"Some to teaching Some few came with the immi- 
grants to the West, seeking new fortunes in a new 
•country. Finally, in 1784, the Rev. Samuel Seabury 
went to England and was consecrateci as the first 
Bishop of Connecticut. Soon afterwards several 
other bishops w^ere consecrated, and by the end of 
the eighteenth century the American Church was 
fully organized. 

Considering the struggling condition of the 
Church, It doe-4 not seem strange that no effort was 
made to establish the Church in the newer colonies. 


10 Historical Sketch 

With the Immigrants to Kentucky, there came a few 
Episcopalians, but the dangers and the hard life o^ 
the new country kept away all except the poor and 
hard-working people. Among these the Church had 
few members. The few who came allowed them- 
selves to be slowly and reluctantly absorbed by the 
other denominations in the state. 

In the Transylvania Colony, with which Mr. 

Ly the came, there were several Episcopalians Of 

this pioneer clergyman we have not many records. 

He was at one time the delegate from Harrods- 

^^* burg to the General Assembly, and in that body he 

John introduced a bill **to prevent profane swearing and 

Lythe Sabbath-breaking." His name appears on several 

important committees. An influence for good was 

exerte 1 by him upon all with whom he came in 

contact. He perished at the hands of the Indiana 

and seems to have been almost entirely forgotten 

by his fellow pioneers. 

During the early years of the settlements some of 
the spirit of P>ench infidelity crept in, and there 
was a general lack of interest in religious matters. 
Moreover, the people were absorbed in the struggle 
for existence, and in their fight against the hard- 
ships of the new country. 

In 1792 there came to Kentucky Mr. James Moore. 
He was at that time a candidate for the ministry 
in the Presbyterian Church, but his trial sermons 
were not accepted by the heads of Transylvania 
Seminary, and he came a few years later into the 
Episcopal Church. He received ordination at the 

Historical Sketch 11 

hands of Bishop MadisoD, of Virginia. He was tlie ^ 

first Episcopal minister who permanently located , 

in Kentucky. ^^ 

In 1796 a handful of Episcopalians gathered in 
Lexington and held services in a little dilapidated 
frame house on the corner of Market and Church 
Streets, where the present church building stands. 
The Rev Mr. Moore was chosen their minister to 
hold services once in every two weeks. 

For more than tea years from this time there ^^ 
was no parish, no organization ot anykind ; but Episcopal 
from this small beginning there has come, in the Clitifcn 
course of a hundred years, the Cathedral of to-day. ^ ^^"' 
All honor should be given to its founder, Mr. Moore, t^cky 
who had the courage, in spite of what seemed al- 
most insurmountable difficulties, to make the first 
effort in this direction. In 1793 he was appointed 
Director of Transylvania Seminary. The school 
w^as in its infancy, and he had many difficulties to 
contend with, being obliged to hold the school in 
his own home. The next year, when the trustees 
met to elect the first President of the Seminary, Mr. 
Moore was not chosen, but Mr. Harry Toulmin. 
The latter was a pious, learned and capable man, 
but differed in point of religious doctrines from 
many of the trustees of the Seminary. He was a 
Baptist minister and a disciple of Dr. Priestly, thus 
being Unitarian in his views. The Presbyterians, 
who had come to regard the Seminary as particu- 
larly their own, soon became dissatisfied because 
of '*the Deistical influence under which the Semi- 

12 Historical Sketch. 

nary had fallen,'* and withdrew, to establish a 
rival school at Pisgah. Mr. Moore seems to have 
assisted them in this undertaking, and in April, 
1 796, became one of the teachers in the institution. 
He resigned in September, however, to accept the 
position of President of the Seminary, made vacant 
by the resignation of Mr. Toulmin. He received a 
salary of one huadred pounds per a mum, half the 
tuition money and the products of the farm. 

In 1798 or '99 the two schools were consolidated 
by an act of the Legislature and named Transyl- 
vania University. The Rev. Mr. Moore was made 
its first President and Professor of Moral Philosor 
phy, Logic and Belles-lettres. In addition to his 
work in this institution, he probablj'^ conducted 
private classes. In the Gazette of 1801 we find an 
address of his, made to the students, at the begin- 
ning of the winter term, and published at theiri'e- 
quest. It is all extremely interesting, and contains 
sound advice for the youth of the present day, as 
well as for those who lived in the early dawn of the 
century. From a few of the passages we may gain 
a partial idea of the character of the writer. 

"For a youth to be careless whether he acquits 
himself honorably, in the progress of his studies, 
would be a most unpromising symptom indeed. 

"Remember that even enthusiasm in the pursuits 
of science is not only justiflahle but commendable. 
Never be satisfied with a partial or superficial 
course of education. 

*' But whilst you proceed in your learning, be at- 
tentive to your manners. Consider what that 
deportment is, which becomes a student in the 

Historical Sketch. 15 

Transylvania University, and never disgrace your 

*• Consider your time as your most precious 

**Let us never liear of quai-relin^ or falling out 
among yourselves. To be ever ready to see and re- 
sent little apparent offences, discovers a mind 
occur)ied by trifles, and fostering evil passions. 

** Worship God with a pure heart —reverence your 
parents, be obedient to your teachers, and genteel, 
polite and obliging to all with wiiom you have in- 

Mr. Moore is spoken of everywhere as a man of 
great learning, remarkable piety and, as one his- 
torian tells us, of ** beautiful manners'* also. Just 
within the entrance of Christ Church Cathedral 
there is a tablet to his memory It says of him 
that **he was learned, liberal, amiable and pious." 
He lived a few miles from Lexington at what is now 
known as the Frazer Place, on the Georgetown 
pike. There he built the charming, old-fashioned 
liouse which is still standing. Its larg^ parlor he 
intended should be used as a music-room, for the 
indulgence of "the parson's passion." He died in 
Lexington, June 22, 1814, at the age of forty-nine. 
His wife survived him for many years, for, in 1830, 
the vestry gave to her the pew in the church that 
she had occupied for some time, with the request 
that she would hold it, free of rent, as long as she 

Little more can be found of authentic history in 
regard to the life of our first rector, but he has been 
immortalised. in story. Posterity will know him as 

16 Historical Sketch* 

we find hlni described in the cliarniing tales of 
James Lane Allen, ** Flute and Violin'* and " The 
Choir Invisible." Here we see him pictured as the 
gentle, music-loving parson, with a great, tender 
heart. The stories may not claim to have an en- 
tirely historic foundation, but the idea of the man 
that we glean from them will remain with us 
always. Mr. Allen, almost as a prophecy, makes 
him utter these words : 

** Whole events in history come down to me with 
the effect of an orchestra playing in the distance; 
single lives sometimes like a great solo. ♦ * ♦ * 

'* Martin Luther— he was a cathedral organ. * 

* * * Plato ! he is the music of the stars. * * 

* * The most we can do is to begin a strain that 
will swell the general volume and last on 'after we 
have xjerished As for me, when I am gone, I would 
like the memory of my life to give out the sound of 
a flute." 

In 1808. the dilapidated frame structure was re- 
placed by the first brick church. We do not know 
much of this little church, for none of those who 
worshiped in it are with us to-day. The church 
was small; in fact, i \ a few years, its congregation 
became too large for it. It was probably sur- 
rounded by a church-yard. The bell for the church 
was procured from England by Mr. John D. Clif- 
ford, and was given by him. The lot on which the 
church stood, and on which Christ Church now 
stands, was the gift of Mr. William Morton. From 
the deed of the lot we learn that Henry Clay's 
home wa« on the corner diagonally opposite. 

Mr. Allen says that Mr. Moore beat the cane- 

Historical Sketch 17 

brakes and scoured the buffalo trails for his Vir- 
ginia Episcopalians. Tradition in this respect is 
confirmed somewhat by the testimony of the old 
inhabitants, who have said that people came from 
a large part of the surrounding country, and that 
on Sunday many vehicles from the neighborhood 
drove up to the little church. 

On the 25th of August, 180S, a meeting was held 
in the Church which took the preliminary steps 
towards the organization of the parish. A num- 
ber of men were present. Among their namen we 
find several that are prominent in the history of 
Lexington, and many whose descendants are still 
foremost in our church. Besides the Rev. James 
Moore, there were Thomas Hart, John Bradford, 
William Morton, Robert Todd, Walter Wartield, 
John Postlethwaite, John W. Hunt and Henry 
Clay. Ea€h of these agreed to take a pew in the 
new church and to pay a certain amount for it 
every year, which money would go towards the 
salary of the rector. This body w^as called for a. 
while the Episcopal Society For a long time it 
was connected very closely with the Presbyterian 
Church, it being said that at one time a common 
Sunday School was held by both churches 

It was the next year, July 2, 1809, that the parish Organi- 
was formally organized, and the first vestry was zation of 
chosen. The men composing this body were : the Par- 

John Wyatt, John Jordan, ish. 

John Johnson, William Morton, 

William Macbean, David Sheley, 

Walter Warfield. 

18 Historical Sketch. 

The Rev. James Moore was appointed the min- 
ister, to officiate every fortnight at a salary of two 
hundred dollars a year. This is the first authentic 
record that we find of his receiving any remunera- 
tion for his service 

At a meeting held the next day, July 3, it was 
decided to conduct a lottery "to raise money for 
Lottery ^^^ ^®® ^' *^® church." This seems to have been a 
for common method of raising money at that time, 

Churclies ^^® papers in all the early part of the century con- 
taining advertisements of lotteries, held variously 
for the i)enefit of Transylvania University, the Lex- 
ington AthenaBum, the Masonic Hall and many 
other objects. 

The drawing took x»lace at William Satterwhite's 
tavern, at 8 o'clock, on Saturday, September 16, 
1809. About seven hundred and fifty dollars was 
raised in tliis way ; and the money was used for 
finishing the church and for the organ. 

On the 9th of December, 1809, at a meeting of the 
vestry, the Rev. James Moore and William Macbean 
were ax)pointed a committee to draft a petition to 
the Legislature for an act to incorporate the Epis- 
copal Congregation; but the act was not passed 
until 1860. 

The records of the old vestry are very interesting. 
In them we find quaint old expressions, and records 
of customs just as odd. The meetings were not 
Vestry J ^^^^ ^^ now, every month, but were called by the 
Records ^*^*^^®r when occasion demanded. SometimeB 
there would be only one meeting in a year. Besides 
the seven vestrymen, an election wa* held in 1813 to 

Historical Sketch. 19 

•choose nine trustees for the parish. The seven 
vestrymen lor that year were chosen, and, in ad-di- 
tion, two others, John T. Mason and John D. 
Clifford. The trustees were to be elected every two 
years. The hours of meeting for these two bodies 
seem a little unusual, and were sometimes designated 
in a peculiar way. They met in the forenoon, 
afternoon or evening, with no seeming regularity . 
Then once we find a record that the vestry resolved 
to meet '*at early candle-lighting;*' again, it said 
** at sundown." In spite of what seems to us very 
Indefinite hours, a resolution was once passed that 
a fine of one dollar be imposed on every trustee 
who might be more than ten minutes late, the 
money to be used for some charitable purpose. In 
4inother place we find that the vestry met at the 
"** Coumpting^ house'' of William Morton. 

When Mr Jacob Shryock resigned as sexton, the 
Testry "returned him their thanks, together with 
the donation of the balance of his pew rent." A 
resolution, that seems from its wording to have a 
doubtful meaning, reads as follows: ** Resolved, 
That application be made to the renters of pews to 
reduce their size agreeable to a plan to be shown to 
them." Still another resolution is this : ** Resolved, 
That Matthias Shyrock put up pegs for hats, and 
make four benches for the pulpit and five benches 
for the Gallery and put on buttons to fasten the 

Tiie quaint English custom of having a clerk, or . 
^*elark," to give the responses during the service 
^or a long time prevailed in this parish. In the year 

20 Historical Skttch 

1810, we find a record that Robert McNltt was ap- 
poi ited ** Clark" of the parish, to be present at the 
church and go regularly through the church forms. 
He was to be paid one dollar for each day of 
service. This custom continued for many years. 
The clerk's desk was in the center of the gallery 
across the end of the church The gallery wa« cur- 
tained off with green curtains, only the place for 
the clerk's desk being left in the middle, where he- 
stood facing the minister. The organ was also in 
the gallery, and, when there was a choir, the choir, 
too, sat there. Mr. Wensell was the first organist, 
at a salary of thirty five dollars a quarter. The- 
sexton at first received a salary of only twenty 
dollars a year. 

During the greater part of the year 1812, the 
Church seems to have been without a minister,, 
probably owing to the ill health of Mr. Moore. 
Part of the pew rents for the year were remitted 
for this reason. We have no record of Mr Moore'* 
resignation, but in 1813 a committee was appointed 
to take steps towards securing a minister to offici- 
ate every Sunday. The Rev. James Elliott, who- 
Rev. was in the city, agreed to act as a temporary sup- 
James ply, and a little later the Rev. James Moore con- 
Elliott* sented to renew his pastorate and officiate every- 
Sunday, as soon as his health would permit. But 
this arrangement does not seem to have continued 
long, for later in the same year a committee wa» 
again appointed to secure a permanent minister. 
Bishop Hobart and Bishop White were consulted^ 

Rjfiv.' J. S. Morrison'. 
JRbv. E. H. Berkley. Rev. John Ward. 

Historical Sl^tch 23 

and the 5th of November the Rev. John Ward wa« ™^* 
called to take charge of the parish. The call wasac -^T^ 
cepted and Mr. Ward entered Immediately upon his ^^'^ 
duties. He was a native of Connecticut. He served 
at one time as assistant minister to the Rev. Mr. De- 
hon, then Rector of Newport and afterwards Bishop 
of North Carolina. Mr. Ward came to Kentucl^y in 
search of health, and soon af<-er became the Rector 
of Christ Church. He was the first to organize the 
parish completely, and in a very short time had 
firmly established himself in the hearts of his par- 

During his incumbency the Church made material 
progress. He was a pastor in the true sense of the 
word. On April 29, 1814, the Church agreed to the p. . 
Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church in j-v*^ ^ 
the United States. In accordance with this impor- * rj . 
tant step, John D. Clifford was elected a delegate to * ^^^ 
the General Convention which was held in Phila- ^ 
delphia in May of the same year A proposition 
was laid before the vestry in 18! 3 which is worthy 
of note. It was presented by William Morton and 
John D. Clifford. They proposed to the vestry that 
the congregation should pull down the building 
then standing and erect a new one at the cost of 
eight thousand dollars. They offered to provide 
the money for this undertaking, and were to be re- 
munerated as far as possible by the proceeds of the 
sale of the pews in the new church. They agreed, 
if more than the cost of the building was received 
in this way, to pay the surplus money to the treas- 
ury of the parish 

24 Historical Skttdu 

These two men were among the most earnest 

ftflf^"^^ supporters of the Church, as well as among the 

Mortoo* ^®s* citizens of Lexington Mr. William Morton, 

or -Lord Morton, as he was usually called, was a 

man of wide benevolence and true refinement He 

was one of the most prominent vestrymen of the 

Church for years, and it was with him, at his store, 

that the most of the meetings of the vestry were 

held. The Morton School in this city was named 

for him and was endowed by money bequeathed by 

him. Hi3 son-in-law, Mr. Clifford, was a man of 

__ perhaps equally fine character and extensive learn- 

rvlt A * ^^^' ^^® virtues are lengthily commemorated by a 

^' tablet placed in the walls of the church near the 

one in memory of Mr. Moore. Both Mr Morton 

and Mr. Clifford, it is said, now lie buried in the 

family vault beneath the church. 

The term of Mr. Ward's first engagement with 
the congregation expired in 1816, and the letter ad- 
dressed to him by the vestry, urging him to stay, 
reveals a little of the feeling towards him. The 
letter is too lengthy to quote in full, but we give a 
few passages : 
**Rev'd John Ward. 

*'Sir: The vestry of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of L?xington, knowing that the limits of 
your engagement with them will shortly expire, 
consider it a duty they owe to the congregation 
aud to yourself, most respectfully^ to decl re the 
sentiments of esteem and affection which* they feel 
towards you. Your delicate seiisibility of mind 

Ft. Rev. Benj. B. Smith, D. D., 

First Bishop of Kentucky. 

Rt. Rev. T. U. Dudley, D. D., 

Second Bishop of Kentucky. 

Historical Sketch* 27 

might feel abashed, were we to permit ourselves the 
full expression of our sentiments, and, on the con- 
trary, our characters would be compromised, should 
we omit the declaration that no minister of Christ's 
Gospel can be more revered for his piety, zeal and 
pastoral care, or more beloved for the endearing 
qualities of his heart and manner than you are by 
our whole congregation You, respected Sir, have 
won our best affections and have endeavored by 
the most conciliating and unerring instruction to 
guide us, 8.8 a faithful pastor, along the Path of 

Mr. Ward married the daughter of Mr. John D. 

In October of the year 1819, he removed to St. 
Louis, where he held the first Episcopal servicesi 
west of the Mississippi River. Immediately Christ 
Church, St. Louis, was organized under him, and 
for a year and a half he remained with the Church, 
accomplishing there the same good work in organ- 
izing the parish that he had done in Lexington. 
After his short stay he returned to Lexington on a 
visit and decided to remain here. 

Mr. Ward organized, possibly in 1821 or 1822, a 
very successful school in this city. He had advanced 
views on the subject of education and became a 
teacher of wide celebrity. He believed in co-educa- 
tion, and therefore boys and girls were both admit- 
ted to his academy. It was situated on the South- 
east corner of Market and Second Streets. He 
employed two or three other teachers; and hi» 
pupils at times numbered as many as one hundred 

28 Historical Sketch* 

and twenty. Anionic them were many who after- 
wards attained high positions in life; but, even 
while at school, it was said that **John Ward's 
g} Is" were famous Mrs. Abraham Lincoln was at 
one time a pupil in the school. A peculiar require- 
ment of the school was the early hours demanded 
of the pupils, one of them, who still survives, saying 
that she frequently was at school, to recite her his- 
tory, by 5 o'clock in the morning. An amusing 
little anecdote is told of one girl who, on her way 
to school in the early dawn, met a watchman, who, 
suspecting from her early rising an elopement, was 
not satisfied with her statement that she was 
going to school, and insisted upon accompanying 
her. Quite au excitement was created when she 
wallied into school attended by the watchman car- 
rying his big club. 

The academy was successfully conducted for 
many years, and even when, some time later, it was 
given up, Mr. Ward could not be satisfied to aban- 
don his teaching altogether. So he and his excellent 
wife continued to take a limited number of girls 
into their own house tf) board and to receive in- 
struction He was asked more than once to become 
president of Transylvania University, but always 
refused On the occasion of General Lafayette's 
visit to Lexington in May, 1825, Mr. Ward delivered 
an impressive and eloquent address of welcome at 
a banquet given, in the banqueting hall of the 
Masonic Lodge, in honor of the distinguished 
guest. During the cholera of 1833, Mr. and Mrs 

Rev. J. S. Shipman, D. D., 
Rev. Thos. Allen Tidball, D. D. 

Rev. S. S. TOTTEN, D. D., 

Rector of Christ Church Seminary. 

Rev. E. H. Ward, D. D. 

Hktorical Sketch* 31 

Ward, together with Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Gratz, 
took the first steps towards the establishment of ^^ 
the present Orphan Asylum. They rented a room, Y^^T*" 
into which were gathered the many little ones who -'^Y^^"*** 
were left tiomeless by the terrible plague, and paid 
an old negro woman to take charge of them till 
better arrangements were made. From this humble 
beginning there grew the present admirable insti- 
tution in this city. 

Mr. Ward served as assistant minister in Chrif^t 
Church under Bishop Smith, and afterwards fre- 
quently officiated in the church. He served, too, as 
senior warden of the vestry for some years He 
died in this city in June, 1»60, at the advanced age 
of eighty-two. 

He was indeed a man of extrao' dinary and most 
lovable character. He was amiable, but firm, hav- 
ing in his school remarkable discipline. He was 
benevolent and was most devoted to children. 

On Mrs. Ward's death, shortly before that of her 
husband, she left to the Church thirty-five hundred 
dollars in bank stock, to be used in buying a rectory. 
Her husband was to have the use of the money 
during his life. At his own suggestion, the vestry' 
released their claim on the bank stock, and Mr. 
Ward transferred to them, for their immediate use, 
the house on West Second Street, in which he was 
then living. This property was worth considerably y^^ 
more than Mrs. Ward's legacy to them, and this Rectory* 
transaction gave them the use of it at once. The 
eame house has been used ever since as the Rectory, 

32 Historic&l Sketciu 

and in the Buminer of 1897 was handBomely remod- 
elled. Mr. Ward, at his death, bequeathed to the- 
Church nearly four thouHand dollars. One of the 
memorial windows in the chancel was plac d there- 
in memory of this much loved man by his pupils. 

The Rev. Lemuel Birge officiated for Mr. Ward 

from September, 1819, to December of the same^ 

Rev. year, when the latter resigned as rector and the 

Lemtiel vestry engaged Mr. Birge to take charge of the* 

Bifge* Church. Mr. Birge was a nephew of Mr. Ward, and 

had just been ordained deacon the preceding June 

by Bishop Chase, of Ohio. His connection with 

the Church lasted only a few months, for he died 

March 29, 1820. 

For a while the vestry made fruitless efforts to- 
obtain a minister. In June, the Rev . George T. 
Chapman, from Massachusetts, a graduate of Dart- 
Rev* mouth College, was invited to visit Lexington and 
G. T* preach to the congregation for a few weeks. After 
Chap- the siecond week of his stay a meeting of the pew- 
man, holders of the('hurch w^as held, and it was resolved 
unanimously to ask him to remain as the perma- 
nent pastor of Christ Church. He accepted in a 
beautiful letter, expressing his great liking for the 
place and the people, and his gratification at the 
unanimity with which he had been called. For 
several years, until 1827, in addition to his church 
duties, he was Professor of History and Antiquities 
in Transylvania University. He was a man of 
great intelligence and learning, and he published a 
book in 1828 called ** Sermons upon the Ministry,. 

Historical Sketciu 33 

Woreliip and DoctrinK} of the Protestant E.)iscopal 
Church,'* which was deflicated to the Rt.Rev. John 
Henry Hobart, D. D., BiHhop of New York. It was 
at that time the means of bringi i^ many into the 
Church, and is still recommended to th«)8e wishing 
for information about the history and doctrines of 
our Church, as one of the best arguments on the 
subject. He also published a volume of "Sermons 
to Presbyterians of All Sects," which was very 
much read, and passed through several editions. 

Early in Dr. Chapman's ministry a larger and 
more church-like edifice was erected on the same Third 
site which had been occupied by the two x>reviou8 Church 
buildings. Thi s was the building Mr. Morton and Building* 
Mr Clifford tried to have erected in 1814, but the ex- 
ecution of their plan had been long delayed. It 
was of brick, stuccoed to imitate stone. On the 
chancel wall were two marble tablets, on which 
were written the Ten Commandments; and a few 
slabs and tablets were, in the course of time, i)laced 
in the aisles and on the walls in memory of de- 
parted ones buried in and around the church. It 
was always thought that this buihling was badly 
constructed, that the front wall had sprung and 
the cupola was insecure. Some his.orians even at- 
tribute the slow growth of the congregation to this 
cause. But no accident ever happened, and in 1832, 
when a committee from the vestry and several ex- 
pert mechanics examined the roof and walls, they 
were pronounced safe and plumb, and subscriptions 
to the amount of between eight and nine hundred 


Historical Sketdi* 

dollars, which had been raised to remedy the 
trouble, were cancelled. 

The church building had not been consecrated, 
for lack of a bishop to officiate, and for many years 
was offered to the Transylvania University for its 
annual commencement exercises. On such an oc- 
Transyl- casion a platform was erected over the chancel, on 
vania which the youthful orators and their proud in- 
Com- structors sat, and the body of the church was 
mence- crowded with interested spectators, for it was one 
ments* of the j^reat events of the year At one commence- 
ment a stove-pipe fell and the cry arose that the 
building was falling. Quite a panic ensued, many 
people crowding for the door and jumping from the 
windows before it was discovered that there was 
really no danger. 

Ill 1821 the vestrj' was asked to grant the use of 
the building for a Fourth of July celebration. Sev- 
eral m 3 inbers were opposed to doing so "on account 
of the military parade attending such entertain- 
ments," but it was finally decided to accede to the 
recjuest, on condition that thisacti<m did not estab- 
lish a precedent . 

In those days pews of "delinquents" were putup 
and sold at public auction, and the sexton was re- 
quired, not only to own a y)ew and pay a tax on it, 
but "to attend in person during divine service to 
I)revent noise and confusion in the Church." They 
seemed to have some trouble with the sexton about 
the time that resolution was passed, for, at the 
next meeting of the vestry, his resignation was 

Historical SkeUh. 35 

tendered and accepted. But after a short trial of a 
new man, the old one was persuaded to resume his 
duties. Soon, however, the vestrj^ resolved **that 
the floors be washed four times and the windows 
once a year, in addition to the usual sweeping and 
•dusting," and the sexton resigned again. 

It was in Dr Chapman's time, and largely due to 
his noble efforts, that the important work of or- 
ganizing the Diocese of Kentucky was accomplished. 
We find the first movement towards such an end 
in an old record of the vestry, where it was re- 
solved ** that the pastor be requested to visit Dan- 
ville, Louisville and Cincinnati on business of the 
•Church, and that an extra allowance for his ex- 
penses be made " 

On June 19, 1829, the wardens and vestrymen of 
•Christ Church met with Dr. Chapman at his home 
and received a verbal account of his visits. He had Otg^m- 
organized Trinity Parish at Danville and had gotten «a,tioa of 
it and the Church at Louisville to promise lo send *^^ ^^" 
xielegates to a primarj^ convention to be held at ^cse* 
Lexington, July 8, for the purpose of effecting an 
-organization of the Diocese. The delegates to rep- 
resent Christ ('hurch at that first convention were 
then appointed: John W. Hunt, J. E. Cooke, Will- 
iam Morton, Thomas Smith, A. Dnmesnil, R. Ash- 
ton, Josiah Dunham and Charlton Hunt. And it 
was resolved that Rev. Mr. Chapman be asked to 
perform service and preach a sermon on that oc- 
casion, the exercises to begin at 8 a. m. 

At the primary convention held in Christ Church* 

36 Historical Sketch* 

Lexington, there were present two priests, one dea- 
con and sixteen lay delej^ates. Dr. Chapman, the 
sole rector in the Diocese, was chosen to act as 
President, and Rev. Benjamin O. Peers as Secretary. 
The other priest present was Rev. Samuel Johnston, 
Rector of St. Paul's, Cincinnati. In those days of 
no bishop and few priests, the Churc i owed its 
existence and its continuance to the efforts of such 
devoted laymen as were present on this occasion, 
viz.. Dr. John Esten Cooke, Richard Barnes, the 
moving spirit of Christ Church, Louisville; John 
Bustard, Dr. Ephraim McDowell, H. J. Cowan and 
Frederick Yeiser, of Danville. Proceeding to busi- 
ueps, the ccmvention adopted a constitution and 
appointed delegates to the General Convention. It 
w^as resolved to employ lay -readers for the parishes 
that had no minister, and also **to recommend 
daily family worship in all families of the Church in 
the Diocese." 
Dr. Chapman had learned that Bishop John Stark 
Bishop Ravenscroft, of North Carolina, that "Coeur de 
Ravens- Lion" of the Church, was in Nashville. So he sent 
croft. him an invitation to visit the new Diocese. This 
the good Bishop accepted, being in Lexington, Sun- 
day, July 25, 1829; and on that day and the Tues- 
FirstCon- day following he confirmed in Christ Church ninety- 


To us that occasion seems in the dim past and 
only to be remembered as a matter of history ; but 
there is living a dear little lady, to whose mind the 
events of those far-off times seem as clear and fresh 






Hbtorical Sketciu 39 

as those of yesterday to us. Mrs. Mary H. Pinck- 
ard,the oldest living coinnmnicant of Christ Church 
(Cathedral, was a member of that first confirmation 
class. She can remember the church as it was then 
and how Dr. Chapman looked as, having: removed 
his white surplice, he ascended the pulpit and 
preached in his black gown and black silk gloves. 
And she recalls how Mr. Palmer, the clerk, who 
kept a book-store and whose wife was a Roman 
Catholic, had a desk in the gallery, opposite the 
pulpit, from which elevated post he surveyed the 
members of the congregation and did their duty for 
them, calling out over their heads the responses, as 
tiie minister read the service. The organist then 
was Miss Abby Hammond, who taught music in 
Col. Dunham's school and afterwards married Mr. 
David A Sayre The two were loved and respected 
by everybody because of their great benevolence 
and invariable kindness to people of all classes, and 
were called familiarly and affectionately by nearly 
all their younger acquaintances, *' Uncle Davy and 
Aunt Abby." 

In the Church at that time there were no hymnals, 
the singing consisting mostly of the chanting of 
the psalms; and it was considered quite an inno- 
vation when a few hymns were introduced in the 
back of the prayer book. 

Bishop Ravenscroft, on his visit to Lexington » 
won many wann fi lends and admirers; and when 
news of his death, on March 30, 1830, reached here, 
the vestry of Christ Church passed resolutions of 

40 Historical Sketch* 

respect and Borrow, and agreed to adopt "the usual 
badge of mourning" for thirty days. 
After tlie organization of the Diocese in 1829, Dr. 
Dr.J.E. John Esten Coolce was the first and only delegate 
Cooke« from Kentuckv to attend the General Conventi<m 
held at Philadelphia. This man's entrance into the 
Episcopal Church was considered one of the great 
events of Dr Chapman's ministry. He was a 
*' medical philosopher" from Virginia, and occupied 
the chair of Theory and Practice of Medicine in 
Transylvania University. Being aroused by Dr. 
Chapman's sermons on the Cliurch to consider the 
question, which church of all the denominations 
most nearly carried out the idea of Christ and the 
Apostles, he made a most exhaustive study of the 
matter. He ransa-cked libraries and read every- 
thing recommended to him for light on the subject, 
and would attend no church until he settled the 
question with himself. At last he became convinced 
of "the apostolicity and catholicity of the Episco- 
pal Church." and wrote a powerful and learned 
argument on the subject, which was celebrated in 
England as well as in this country. And he lived 
up to his convictions, becoming a most devoted and 
zealous worker in the Church 

Near the close of the year 1*^29, Bishop Brownell, 
of Connecticut, came to Kentucky by request of the 
General Convention. In his private note book, en- 
titled ** Itinernrjs" he says: "Lexington is the 
Athens of the West. The country around within a 
radius of twenty miles, the finest in the world. The 

Historical Sketch. 41 

tsociety highly Intelligent, yet plain and simple in gj^t^p 
their manners. Dr. Chapman's congregation ^^'R-Q-^ugii 
braces the most valuable part of it. Remember 
Robert Wickliffe, Dr. Cooke, Mr. Hunt, Mr. Morton, 
Mr. Harper, Mr Smith, Mr. Smeads, Mr. Warner, 
-etc. Kentucky Is a noble state ; fertile soil ; fine 
race of men." 

He consecrated Christ Church. Louisville; and we 
have the authority of Dr. L. P. Tschiffely, in an ar- 
ticle in the **Church Cyclopaedia,'* for saying that he 
also, on that visit, consecrated Christ Church, Lex- 
ington. The Bishop confirmed three persons here, 
and It i-* said he stirred up everywhere gi-eat inter- 
est In the Church "by the dignity and suavity of 
Ills manners and the elevation of his piety." 

In 1831 Bishop Meade, of Virginia, the Assistant 
of Bishop Moore, made a more extended tour of 
Kentucky, baptizing and confirming, and conse- 
crating Trinity Church, Danville. 

Dr. Chapman continued as Rector of Christ Church 
•exactly ten years, resigning in July, 1880. He was 
a nia»i who possessed unusual talents and attrac- 
tions. He was much loved and respected through- 
out the commu ity, and he and his congregation 
parted with mutual sorrow and regret. Removing 
to the East, he lived to the good old age of eighty- 
tour, dying at Newbury, Massachusetts, October 18, 

The Re^'. Mr Peers and the Rev. John Ward, who 
wa« still living here, were askei by the vestry to 
"hold service in the church until a new minister 
•could be secured. 

42 Historical Sketch* 

« At a meeting of the pew-holders held August 5» 

« g* 1830, it was unanimously resolved to invite Rev. 

&n'A. Benjamin Bosworth Smith, then in Philadelphia, to 

take charge of the Church. At first he declined, 

but they wrote again, explaining the trials and pe^ 

culiar situation of the Church in this region, and 

urging him to reconsider their offer. If he found it 

impossible to come, they asked him to recommend 

some suitable person for the place So Mr. Smith 

made up his mind to accept, and moved with his 

family almost immediately to Kentucky. He was 

a native of Bristol, Rhode Island, born in June,. 

1794. He graduated from Brown University in 

1816, and was ordained priest in 1818. 

The second convention in the Diocese was held in 

First Danville, May, 1830. At the third, held in Louisville, 

Bishop of Ju^e 10, 1831, the new Rector of Christ Church,. 

Kentucky Lexington, was chosen Bishop of the Diocese of 

Kentucky ; but, beiause of some informality in the 

I)roceeding8, he declined the honor. The next year, 

at Hopkinsville, however, Mr. Smith was again 

elected Bishop unanimously, and he accepted. 

When Mr. Smith came to Kentucky, not a parish 
had a set of communion vessels, and but one. the 
Church in Lexington, had either a bell or an organ ; 
and *'for more than twenty years the offerings of 
the Diocese did not exceed the Bishop's traveling 
expenses to and from the General Convention." 

Mr. Smith was consecrated Bishop in St. Paurs- 
Church, New York City, October 31, 1832. He re- 
tained his position as Rector of Christ Church, ini 
addition tohis duties as Bishop, until 1838.- 

Rt. Rev. Lewis W. Burton, D. D., 

Bishop of Lexington. 

Historical Sketch* 45 

Because of the dreadful cholera epidemic of 1833, 
no convection was held until the October follow- 
ing, when a "Day of Humiliation" was observed 
by the delegates In this scourge fully one-fourth 
of the entire number of communicants in the Dio- 
cese died ; and the same year many more emigrated 
to Illinois and Missouri. It is said that Bishop 
Smith and the Roman Catholic priest were the only 
servants of God in Lexington who always reported 
for service during those dreary days. The Bishop 
had even greater sorrow to bear than that caused 
by deaths in his congregation : his own family was 
one of the first attacked hy the cholera, and his 
wife died of it. But the "beloved Bishop" was 
spared, and remained here faithful to his flock, 
burying the dead and comforting the desolate ones 
who were left. 

In 1831, before he was made Bishop, the new 
Rector of Christ Church made arrangements to re- 
ceive a few theological students. First a single 
room was rented for their use, then a small house 
near the church. 

In February, 1834, the Episcopal Theological Sem- , 
inary was incorporated, and the existence of what ^J^^^^ 
promised to become a flourishing institution was A ^^?^^ 
begun. The beautiful house on Second Street, now . °^ 

owned by Mr. Joseph Clark, was purchased, with ^^^^* 
two acres of ground. The place was bought from 
Rev. Benjamin O. Peers, who had been conducting 
a remarkably successful academy or institute there, 
which he gave up to accept the presidency of Tran- 

46 Historical Sketch 

sylvania'UniverBity Donations for the support of 
the Seminary had been solicited in Philadelphia and 
New York by Dr. Cooke and the Bishop. A library 
of thirty-five hundred volumes was obtained, mostly 
throuj^h the generosity of Dr. Peers, who remitted 
one thousand dollars of the price paid him for the 
house, to be devoted to that purpose. Dr. Thomas 
W. Colt, an Episcopal minister, and Dr Cooke 
Rev. served gratuitously as professors in the Seminary. 
jT^ Dr. Henry Caswall, an Englishman, and the first 
Caswall ^i'^^*^"i^d graduate of Kenyon College, was the Pro- 
fessor of Sacred Literature, and his salary for three 
years was contributed by the parishioners of the 
Church of the Ascension, New York City. This Dr. 
Caswall was, for a while, the Assistant Minister of 
Christ Church, Lexington . He tells us that, during 
the Bishop's eleven uKmtlis' absence in the East, 
besides his duties as professor and the daily morn- 
ing and evening prayer in the Seniinarj', he read 
service and preached twice on Sunday, conducted 
the Sunday-school and lectured every Wednesday 
evening. He adds, " In reviewing these numerous 
duties, I am disposed to wonder that I did not en- 
tirely sink under them, in a climate where the 
thermometer in summer rises to 100° in the shade, 
and in the winter, although in latitude 38°, sinks to 
40° or 50° below freezing." That migration toward 
Lexington may not be interrupted, and especially 
that good Churchmen may not be discouraged from 
settling in our Parish, w^e venture to remark that 
the climate has certainly changed since Mr. Cas- 

Historical Sketch* 47 

wall's day, or that the extremes he mentions are of 
rare occurrence His salary wa« very small, but he 
said his labor was its own reward ; for the number 
of students increased, and there were some bright, 
interesting young men among them. He found 
most of his pupils sadly behind in the languages. 
He taught them Latin and Greek, so that they 
could read their testaments and follow the service 
in Chapel in these languages. After this they went 
live or six times through an excellent Hebrew gram- 
mar and were able to read the Hebrew Bible. They 
studied a Chaldee grammar, too, and "one young 
man of fine talents afterwards commenced the 
Syriae grammar and real many chapters in the 
Syriac New Testament. It was also his intention 
to study Arabic, but unhappily he wa< induced to 
abandon theology, and thus his promising abilities 
were entirely lost to the Church " 

Mr. Caswall went from here to Indiana, and in 
1839 returned to England. After ten years there, he 
came back to this country and died in Pennsylvania. 
His book, "America and the American Church," is 
entertainingly written and attained a wide popu- 

Dr. John Esten Cooke was a warden in Christ The 
Church and a professor, without pay, in the Semi- Church 
nary. In 1835 he began, at his own risk, the Advocate 
publication of a Diocesan paper called "The Church 
Advocate." It was issued once a fortnight and was 
quite a success for a few years, being continued by 
Dr. Caswall after Dr. Cooke gave it up. The follow- 

mumkai Sketdt 

-nic II* rU^ iM^imiinic of a quaint little poem, cople» 

,1 vv»iirh WW "(liHtrilmted by the little boy who 

.-jimwi rhe paper to rtobHcribere living in the town:" 

•I hriHtmiw A.liln*^ of the Carrier of the Chnrch to iti» Patrons." 

•• I )l.l Thirtv-tf ve in nearly gone, 

tt'^ firMV von, end a little time, 
Sr&to ..or bamble rhyme. 

In. wt a little inform«ti(.D. 
wTthfut much tn,ol.le or vexation. 

. *i « /'hiiwh*'* all men inquire: 
•* 'WhHt •» t'^Vlm"wiDK 'ritb a spir*. 

^. ,„an.r < '"';'i^„tyflt praise l8 given) 

Historical Sketch* 49 

For the few years succeedlnj? 1 832, the prospects 
for the Episcopal Church here were very bright. A 
Theological Seminary had been established with an 
able faculty and a valuable library ; a Church paper 
had been started and was well conducted ; and a 
circle of truly brilliant churchmen had gatheredi 
here:— the Bishop of the Diocese, Rev. Mr. Peers,. 
Dr. Thomas W. Coit, President of Transylvania 
after Mr. Peers; Rev. Dr. Caswall, Dr. John Esten 
Cooke, Rev. William Leacoek and Hamble J. Lea- 
cock, afterwards celebrated dsthe brave missionary 
to Africa and called the "Martyr of the Pongas;" 
and, besides these, many more well known and 
highlj' intelligent members of the Church. But, in- 
stead of the great growth and progress we should 
have expected as the result of the work of such a 
company, we find, in 1837, trouble and division in 
the parish over matters of small importance, and a 
part of the congregation withdrawing, adopting 
the name St. Paul's, and worshiping in Morrison 
College. One authority says. *'The effort made at 
that time for the extension of the Church in Ken- 
tucky involved too much centralization. The large 
ecclesiastical force concentrated in Lexington was 
utterly dlsproportloned to the condition and 
strength of the Diocese. It was an enormoua 
head without a body." 

Soon, however, matters were adjusted and all the 
members of rhrist Church reunited. But that same 
year **the bright galaxy dispersed;" the band of 
learned men at Lexington was scattered ; the Med- 

50 Historical Sketch. 

ical School wuK removed to Louisville and Dr. Cooke 
wont with it: Dv. ('oit returned to the East; Mr. 
('aswall wont to Indiana; and the Leacocks jour- 
neyed to TennesKoe. 

In 1S37 rei)eated efforts w^ere made to secu?-e an 
aHsistant minister for Christ Churcli, one being 
ftreatly needed to hf^p IMshop Smith with his nu- 
Rev. merous duties as both Rector and Bishop Kev. A 
Edward '^- Bledsoe, of Ohio, was en<;?aged, but held the 
Wintlirop pl*i^*<' t*<^i* ^^ t'^^v months only. In 1838 Rev. John 
Ward accepted the office for a short while ; and in 
the same year, during Bishop Smith's absence in 
the East, to attend the Convention, the Rev. Ed- 
ward Winthrop, from Connecticut, filled his pulpit. 
Mr. Winthrop was a i)rofessor in the Theological 
Seminary and also conducted a "Select Class for 
Young Ladies in the higher branches of the Mathe- 
matics, Mental Philosophy, etc." 

On his return, the Bishop decided to resign the 
office of Rector, and he did so, October 22, 1838. In 
the meantime tlie Tlieological Seminary had not 
prospered as it had been hoi>ed it would, and it was 
given up. The rectory, next door to the church, 
which had been occu[»ied by Bishop Smith, was 
sold; and he and his family were granted permis- 
sion to occupy the Seminary buildings. Here he 
commenced, and conducted for several years, a 
young ladies' school. 

In 1839-10 Bishop Smith was State Superintendent 
of Public Instruction. While holding that office, 
he visited and lectured in seventy-six out of 

Historical Sketch* 51 

the ninety counties tlien contained in Kentucky. 
Tiie grounds and buildings belonging to the Sem- 
inary in Lexington were sold in 1844, and tlie library 
transferred to Shelby College. The Bishop moved 
to Katorania, near Louisville, where he continued 
his school for young ladies until he moved into the 

Perhaps it is not generally known that our 
Church made the first move towards establishing 
St. Paul's, Louisville. Christ Church, Louisville, 
was too young and feeble to think of such an 
undertaking. So the suggestion came from Christ 
€hurch, Lexington, the Mother Parish of the Dio- 
cese, and a circle of ladies here offered to raise half 
the salary for a missionary, to labor am(»ug those 
living below Fifth Street in Louisville. After 1872 
Bishop Smith was the Senior and Presiding Bishop 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States. In 1875 he moved to Frankfort and built a 
home there. But much of the latter part of his 
life was passed in the East. The duties of his 
office of Presiding Bishop frequently required his 
presence there, and he was at that time too old a 
man to endure the discomforts of much traveling. 
He was represented in Kentucky by his assistant, 
Bishop Cummins, atfd afterwards by Bishop Dud- 
ley. He died in New York, May 31, 1884, after a 
long life full of good works. One of his character- 
istics was his fondness for children, whi)m he could 
please and entertain by the hour with the simplest 
and most commonplace objects. It must always 

52 Historical Sketch. 

be remembered that he was the first Bishop of 
Kentucky and that his episcopate was one of **hard 
unremuneratlvelabor,uncomplainingly performed.*' 

In the old records of the vestry we find only one 
reference to decorating the church. That was iii 
December, 1830, when Thomas Hart was com- 
missioned to get all the materials necessary for the 
Christmas trimming. Then, as now, the worlt was. 
done by the young girls of the congregation. A 
daughter of Bishop Smith says there were some 
fine pillars in the old church, and she remember* 
their pleasure in wreathing these with cedar- 
Christmas Eve was the Bishop's favt)rite festivaL 
Mr. Incho, the organist then, would render inspir- 
ing music, and their celebration of the holy night 
would make it a memorable occasion. 

Another interesting thing to note, in reading 
those old records, is how gradually grew the cus- 
tom of taking up a collection at the services. At 
first the Church revenues were raised by taxing the 
owners of pews and renting seats to others, and 
for large needs subscription lists were resorted to. 
Subscriptions, by the way, it seems, were usually 
readily promised, even large sums; but the colkc- 
tion of the amounts was a slow and difiicult pro-^ 
ceeding. December 30, 1822. it was resolved, "that 
a collection be had at the Church on the last Sun- 
day of every month (t-xcept December), and on 
Christmas Eve, for the benefit of the Church." In 
February, 1826, it ^was decided to take up a collec- 
tion every second Sunday also, but this was to* 

Chapel of the Good Shepherd, 
South Broadway. 

Historical Sketch* 55 

last only a short time, namely, until they paid for 
certain alterations on the pulpit and for some other 
repairs. In 1833 a box was placed in the church for 
voluntary contributions for the use of tlie Diocese, 
and a collection was to be taken "each Sabbath 
(excepting the regular ones for other purposes) for 
painting the Church." Then two 3'ears later it 
was resolved to have a collection every Sunday 
*'for the general purposes of the Church," that 
taken the first Sunday of every month to be de- 
voted to missions. And though this rule was sus- 
pended at times, for instance, when the rent of the 
pews was raised, the method was always resorted 
to again, until it became the invariable custom. 

Mr. Winthrop continued to fill the place of Rector 
of the Church until December. The last of that 
month he petitioned the vestry to release him, and 
the Rev. i']. F. Berkley, a graduate of the Lexington 
Theological Seminary, was engaged as temporary 
Rector. Soon he wjis called upon to accept the 
position i^ermauently. 

Mr. Berkley was bom in Washington, D. C. Sep- 
tember 20. 1813. He came to Lexington in lS3;j and 
studied for three years at the Theological Seminary. ^^^* 
He was ordained in Christ Church in December, ^ ^* 
18- 8, and the next month he accepted the charge of ^^^'"^y* 
the Church and remained its honored and beloved 
Rector for nearly nineteen years. He married Miss 
Sarah Maury, of the celebrated Virginia family of 
that name, and they lived on North Mill Street in 
the house recently remodelled by Mr. Hull David- 


Historical Sketdi* 

of tiie 

son . It was during Mr. Berkley's ministry tliat it 
was decided to pull down the old church, which 
had always been regarded as unsafe, and erect a 
much larger one. The remains of those buried in 
and around the old building were removed to the 
Episcopal Burying Ground, on East Third Street, 
which had been purchased in 1834. The place is 
still owned by the Church, and a small house on it 
is occupied by the sexton. An interesting day can 
be spent there, wandering among the old tomb- 
stones, deciphering the almost obliterated inscrip- 
tions, and many familiar names and quaint epitaphs 
will reward a persistent search. 

The cornerstone of the new, that is the present 
church, was laid with appropriate ceremonies on 
Wednesday, March 17, 1847, the dedicatory address 
being deliverer! by the Rev. James Cra4k, D. D., 
Rector of Christ Church, Louisville This is the 
third church building constructed on the site occu- 
pied by the little frame house originally used for 
churcli purposes. 

All brides ever married in this church should 
know what one bride did. "She put half her wed- 
ding dress in Christ Church bell clappe •." That is, 
she handed over one-half the amount her father 
gave her for her dress to Mr. Dudley Craig, treas- 
urer of the Church, to buy the clapper for the new 
bell We may be sure the peals of the wedding bell 
were sweeter and merrier, in her own ears at least, 
because of that self-denial. 

In the year 1847 Henry Clay was baptized. From 

Historical Sketch. 57 

1t« very be^nning he had been a pew-holder and 
<5ontributor to the Church, and was very much 
intereeted in the erection of the new building. We 
are able to give Mr. Berkley's own account of the 
occasion, as containe<l in a letter written by him 
«everal years ago, in answer to some questions 
asked him on the subject by Dr. Ryland, of this 
city, who had heard that Mr. Clay had been im- 
mersed in one of the ponds at Ashland : 

**I baptized Mr. Clay in his parlor at Ashland, at 
the same time administering the same ordinance to 
his (Jaugh+er-in-law, Mrs. Thomas H. Clay, and 
four of her children, on the 22nd of June, 1847, a 
lew special friends only being present. The water 
was applied by the hand, out of a cut-glass urn, 
which, among his many rare presents, had been 
given to him by a manufacturer of such wares in 
Pittsburg, Pa. It may interest you to know that 
in the baptismal service of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church tliere are certain questions asked which the 
candidate is supposed to answer from the book. 
:Seeing that Mr. Clay did not have a praver-b jok in 
his hand, I suggested that the use of one might 
enable him more readily to answer the questions. 
He replied, '*I think I shall be able to answer 
them;" and the readiness with which he answered, 
and his familiaritv with the service, gave evidence 
that he had made it a personal study, and was 
ready to stand by his declarations." 

Mr. Clay was at that time seventy years old. All 
his life he evinced the most profound respect for the 
•Christian religion, but he was involved in the tur- 
moil and vicissitudes of public life, which he thought 
uncongenial to an avowal of his faith. So he 


58 Historical Sketch 

would not take the sacred vows oi a follower of 
Christ until he retired from politics, until he felt he 
could live up to them faithfully and consistently. 
He was confirmed about a month later, July 18, and 
that coutirmation took place in the Chapel of Mor~ 
rison College of the University, were services were 
held while the building of the new church was in 

Dr. Craik, of Louisville, says: **The delegates to 
the State Convention at Frankfort, in 1849, had the 
pleasure of meeting in council there the Hon. Henry 
Clay, who attended as a Lay Delegate from Christ 
Church, Lexington. This great and good man en- 
tred into the deliberations of the Convention with 
all the interest and animation he was wont to 
manifest on every subject which concerned the well 
being of his fellow-men. Not long before, Mr. Clay 
had been baptized and admitted to the communion 
of Christ Church, Lexington. This Illustrious man,, 
regarded by the whole civilized world as the fore- 
most statesman of the age, and upon whose wisdom 
and counsel depended the destinies of his country, 
coming thus to the fountain of regeneration, to be 
admitted into the kingdom of heaven by one of the 
youngest of (Christ's Ministers, and in the same simple 
way in which every little child is received into that 
kingdom, furnished the most impressive illustration 
I had ever known of our Saviour's words, 'Except 
ye be converted and become as little children, ye 
shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. Who- 
soever, therefore, shall humble himself as this little- 

Historical Sketch. 59 

child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of 
heaven.' I have reason to know that Mr. Clay did 
not make this confession of faith until after a 
thorough investigation of the foundations of that 

Mr. Berkley tells us one little anecdote concerning 
himself and his famous parishioner. He says: 
** One Sunday I preached a sermon that had too 
much of Djyself and my views in it ; I was a young 
man then." A few days later, after dining at Ash- 
land, he and his host were walking about the beau- 
tiful grounds. Mr. Clay praised his recent sermon, 
complimenting him upon its composition and de- 
livery, but added, '^When I go to Church, I like to 
hear something in the sermon that will guide a 
sinner to his Saviour." 

Mr. Berkley says that he accepted the rebuke and 
felt that it was deserved. He remembered and 
treasured that saying and was restrained by it 
whenever he was inclined to preach anything else 
than ** Jesus Christ and Him crucified " 

In thinking of Mr. Berkley, every one recalls how 
impressive the Church service was as conducted by 
him. He knew it all by heart and rarely referred 
to the prayer-book . The beauty of his voice and 
the energy of his manner combined to make a most 
striking and lasting impression on his hearers. Mr. 
Merrick, a tutor at the University, used to tell his 
pupils, "Boys, if you want to know how to speak, 
just go down to hear Mr. Berkley " 

He was a rather stout man and had a fine tenor 

60 Historical Sfcetcii* 

voice. At funeral services lie generally selected the 
hymn, *'I Would Not Live Alway," and started the 
tune himself. One could hear several of his clear, 
sweet notes before others Joined in. 

For many years during Mr. Berkley's rectorship, 
Mr. William D. Hulett, a blind man, was the organ- 
ist at Christ (^^hurch . He gave lessons on the piano, 
too, and was quite a gifted musician. He was 
^^' much loved, and his faithfulness and general useful- 

^' ^' ness were appreciated by the congregation, the 
Hulett* members of w^hich testified to their esteem by pre- 
senting him with what was, in those days, a very 
rare and valuable gift. This was a copy of the 
Bible and of the Prayer-book for the blind, printed 
by the American Bible Society. Tlie books w^eie 
very large, the Bible being in three volumes, each 
about two feet square and at least six inches 
thick. The copies still exist and have been given to 
similarly afflicted persons in the community. 

Mr. Berkley was a man of marked peculiarities, 
but most charming personality, and he had a wide 
circle of friends in Lexington outside the members 
of his own congregation. One gentleman, a Pres- 
byterian, who had been married by Mr. Berkley, was 
devoted to him and united, with a few others, in 
presenting him, when he left Lexington, with a 
handsome silver service as a mark of their affection 
and esteem. Among his own flock, among the aged 
that he had comforted in tribulation, among the 
boys and girls he had baptized and presented for 
confirmation, and among the litUe children in the 

Hiftorical Sketdu 61 

Sunday-school, he was revered and loved One 
who was a child then testifies as to the position he 
held among the latter: "We were led on and en- 
couraged in our efforts by that ever true and faith- 
ful Christian soldier, Edward Berkley, our truly 
beloved Hector of Christ Church, whom we all 
loved next to our own father.-*.** 

He accepted a call to St. George's Church, St. 
Louis, in 1858, and passed the remainder of his life 
in that city. He died only last year, in May, 1897. 

Rev, James H. Morrison, from Pemberton, Vir- 
ginia, was chosen rector in 1858. In that same year ^^^* 
it was planned to improve and extend the Church !• *^* 
building. The church at that time was much MorrisoQ 
smaller than at present. The addition included all 
the space where we now have the chancel, the organ- 
chamber, the robing-room and the transepts. The 
old rear wall was not even recessed, but extended 
straight across where the transepts now begin. 
As the improvements progressed, new additi(ms to 
the original plan were suggested, and the work 
grew to such proportions that there was not suffi- 
cient money to carry it on. After repeated efforts 
to cut down the cost and to raise the necessary 
funds, the undertaking was given up for the time; 
the opening where the walls were incomplete was 
planked up, and the church, in that condition, was 
used for several years. The chancel was not finished 
nor the chapel built until during Mr. Shipman*s 
ministry. Many people blamed Mr. Morrison for 
attempting such elaborate improvements without 

62 Historical Sketch. 

any idea how they were to be paid for, and 
nicknamed the incomplete structure, "Morrison's 
Folly.'* But we, with our great roomy church 
and our exceptionally large and beautiful chancel, 
feel like blessing Mr. Morrison for his wisdom in so 
satisfactorily providing for the needs and tastes of 
future generations. 

January 24, 1S60, a charter, ^vhich had been ap- 
plied for, was granted by the Kentucky Legislature, 
and the vestr^^ was resolv^ed into a corporation 
This step was taken to enable the vestry to accept 
and manage the property of Mrs. John Ward. 

At the outbreak of the war, Mr. Morrison, who 

was an ardent Southerner, removed to Virginia. 

He was an austere and reserved man, and oae of 

P _ - profound convictions and great learning. He re- 

Kcv. J.b* gj^jjgjj ^^ R3ctor of Christ Church July 12, 1861 

*^ * On the resignation of Rev. Mr. Morrison, Rev. 

Jacob S. Shipman was called to be his successor, 

and surely no more fitting choice could have been 


Mr Shipman was born at Niagara, New York, 
November 30, 1832. He was a graduate of Yale 
College, and there enjoyed the special instruction of 
Dr. Joseph M. Clark. He was ordained deacon in 
1857 and was admitted to the priesthood the fol- 
lowing year. His first charge consisted of two 
parishes in New York State. Later he accepted 
the Rectorship of Christ Church, Mobile. Thence 
he was called to Christ Church, Lexington, Septem- 
ber 17, 1861. He took charge of his new parish 
October 13 of the same year. 



Historical Sketch* 65 

The state of affairs could not have been very en- 
•couraging to the new rector, lor the improvements 
on the church were in the most unfinished condition, 
with no apparent hope of their completion. But 
with his coming there seems to have arisen new 
determination, for steps were taken the next year 
to carrj' on the work. The vestry met for some 
time every Thursday afternoon to co-operate in 
rsoliciting subscriptions for the building Twothou- 
(Saiid dollars were borrowed from Mrs. Ryland, one 
of the active and liberal members of the church. An 
additional thousand was ordered to be obtained a 
few weeks later. The organ chamber was erected 
at a cost of four hundred dollars, Mr. Frank Fitch 
'donating one hundred and fifty dollars for that 

A few months later the last part of the money 
from the estate of the Rev. John Ward was paid to 
the Church treasurer,.and was ordered to be appro- 
priated to the payment of the debt on the chapel, 
then in course of erection. Later on, the sum of 
.seven thousand five hundred dollars was subscribed 
by the members of the parish, and, although this 
was not quite the amount needed, the work was 
pushed forward to its completion. Money was 
probably borrowed of the Theological Seminary 
Fund, for the purpose of finishing the payments, as 
the Church was afterwards in debt to the Fund for 
f several years. 

We know to-day little of the strenuous efforts put 
forth to procure the means to carry on this Under- 

^ Historical $ke)di. 

taking; but we enjoy tjie reBulte; and, glorying a» 
we do in the increased beauty of our old church, w^ 
give heartfelt thanks to those who labored to war48 

that end. 

In March, 1864, on Easter Monday, we have the- 
first record of a meeting in the new chapel. 
Bishop The Rt. Rev. George D. Cummins, D. D , was con- 
Cttmminssecrated Assistant Bishop of Kentucky in Christ 
Church, Louisville, November 15, 1866. He was 
born in Kent County, Delaware, December 11, 18^2. 
Before coming to Kentucky, he had held the follow- 
ing charges: Christ Church, Norfolk; St. James' 
Richmond, Virginia; Trinity, Washington, D. C.;. 
St. Peter's, Baltimore, and Trinity Church, Chicago , 
His degree of D. D. was conferred on him by Prince- 
ton College He was a most delightful preacher, 
being distinguished for the rhetorical beauty of hi» 
sermons. In November, 1873, he resigned his office 
and withdrew from the Church. The following 
month he presided at the organization of what i» 
commonly known as the Reformed Episcopal 
Church. He was formally deposed from his office 
and ministry as a Bishop of the Church by the 
Presiding Bishop, June 24, 1874. 

In June, 1875, the Rev. Mr, Shipman was elected! 
to the Bishopric of Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. The 
vestry and four hundred of the congregation drew 
up a petition protesting against his acceptance. 
The Episcopate was declined and Mr. Shipmaii also 
refused the degree of D. D. that had been conferred 
by Racine ('oUege. Later on, however, he accepted 
the same degree from Trinity College. The degree 

Histericai Skitcfa. 67 

of D. C. L. wna ctlaa coiilerred on him by Kenyon 

In 1866, Christ Church Seminary was establi-^hed Christ 
at Lexington by the Rev. Silas Totten, D . D. It con- Church 
tinned to be a large and prosperous school for many Seminary 
years. Its principal, Dr. Totten, was a man of great 
learning and high standing in educational ranks^ 
He was born in New York in ISiH ; was a tutor in 
IJnion College lor some time after his graduation ]>. 
there; for three years was Professor of Mathematics Totten* 
and Natural Philosophy in Trinity College, Hart- 
ford ; and was then called to its presidency, which 
office he held for twelve years. Afterwards he held 
a professorship in William and Mary College, and 
was President of Iowa State University Being in 
Holy Orders, he held charges once or twice for a 
sliort time, and frequently officiated in Christ Church 
during his residence in this city. His death occiirred 
herein 1873 The Seminary was from that time 
until 1H84 successfully conducted by his daughters. 
The school was strictly «C%urch institution; and it 
is to be regretted that it has passed out of existence 

One of the first missionary efforts put forth by Missioa 
the (Church l>y which permanent results were accom- at San- 
plished was the establishment of a missiim at San- dersvilk* 
dersville. The place was a little manufacturing 
village about three miles from Lexington. Every 
Sunday afternoon a number of the congregation, 
with the Rector and sometimes the blind organist, 
Mr. Hulett, drove out to conduct the Sunday- 
school there. The mission waa continued for some 

68 Historical Sketch* 

Several times the question of selling the rectory 
was brought up and discussed ; but there were legal 
difficulties involved. Money was fi*equently given 
for its improvement. 

A record of these times seems incomplete without 
a personal mention of some of the members of the 
Church who gave so much of their time, labor and 
means to its service. In the list of the vestrymen 
we find the names of many families still prominent 
in our Church and community. If we were to at- 
tempt to mention even the most prominent, we 
should have a long- list. 

The (Miurch owes a great debt of gratitude to the 
memory of Mr. John S. Wilson. To him is due the 
preservation of the memorial tablets in ihe church, 
-- _ « and perhaps, also, the existence of the records of 
vHixL^ the vestry. He was instrumental in procuring the 
safe in which the records and the Church registers 
are kept. He served for many years as a member 
of the vestry, and when, in 1879, he removed from 
this city to Louisville, resolutions were drawn up 
by the vestry, expressing their regret and sense of 
loss in hiH departure. He stood high in this com- 
munity. His Christian character was manifested 
by his great benevolence and attachment to his 
Church. He was a devoted friend of Kentucky's 
famous sculptor, Joel T. Hart, and all artists who 
came here in need received ready sympathy and 
support from him. 

On November 26, 1877, the Rector, Rev. J. S Ship- 
In an, D. D., tendered his resignation, having ac- 


Histof ical Sketdu 

cepted a call to,Cbrist Church, New York.. The 
vestry had passed resolutions previously, on hear- 
ing of his call, askinK him, if possible, to remain; 
and his determination to leave was received with 
deep sorrow by all In his pastorate of ixteen 
years, he had made for himself a host of friends, 
who regard him still with the sincerest affection. 
He was a man of scholarly attainments and an 
eloquent preacher. He drew to the Church men of 
all classes, most notably those who had not been 
regular attendants at Church. Men of intellect 
came to hear his sermons and found in them not 
only mental food, but spiritual as well. He was 
bright and genial in disposition, with a warm and 
generous heart. In self-sacrificing devotion todut^', 
he more than once relinquished his summer vaca- 
tion to remain by the bedside of a sick parishioner. 
He came to our city in troublous times, when not 
only friends were estranged from each other, but 
families were divided. With great wisdom and 
prudence, by refraining always from an expression 
of his own views, he maintained in the Church that 
unity which he deemed should be found there at all 
events. We quote a few words from an address to 
the Lexington Bible Society by Dr. Lyman Beecher 
Todd, Dr. Shipmari's personal friend : 

"Of Mr. Shipman's usefulness as pastor, and also 
of his admirable administrative ability, the vene- 
rated Bishop Smith, on visiting this parish and ad- 
ministering the rite of ccmtirmation to the largest 
class ever presented in the history of the Church, re- 
marked in the liresence of the speaker: 'This Church 

70 Hktofkad..Sketdu 

bere at Lexington is greatly blesned in a Rector; 
8hipman has an old head on young shoulders; and 
I do believe he is the only man in America who. 
when every Protestant church in Lexington has 
divided during this war, could have held thlsChnrch 
together.' Pare in spirit and with a warm heart, 
he gave comfort to the afflicted and sorrowing, and 
with bright intelligence and genial natiii-e carried 
gladness everywhere. He will ever have a green 
spot in many, many loving hearts ** 

Dr. Shipman is the present Rector of Christ 
Church, New York. His son Herbert Is also a 
clergyman of the Church, and has lately accepted 
the appointment of Chaplain at West Point. 

Some time after his resignation, tlie Church was 

offered to the Assistant Bishop, Rt. Rev. T. U. 

Dudley, D. D., to hold with an assistant minister. 

Bishop Dudley expressed his personal willingness to 

accept such a position, but stated that he could 

not act in the matter without the consent of the 

Council, which would not convene until May. It 

seemed im[>o8sible at that time to defer the matter 

till then. So, after due deliberation, on the 12th of 

Rev. March, 1878, the Rev. Thomas A. Tidball, of Ports- 

T. A. mouth, Virginia, was called to officiate here. He 

TidbalL entered upon his new duties soon afterwards, and 

preached his first sermon as Rector of Christ Church 

on Easter Sunday. 

Dr. Tidball had not been here long before he be- 
came deeply interested in missionary work among 
the colored people in this city. In 1S80 the chapel 
known as St. Andrew's, on Fourth Street, between 
Upper and Limestone, was purchased for their use. 

Historical Sketch. 71 

For several years Dr. Tidball conducted entirely c* Aj. 
the work in this Mission, and left it well organized j g_^- 
and in a prosperous condition, the congregation ^.^|^^ 
being under the charge of a minister of their own 

In 1882 the property on Third Street, presented 
hy Mrs. Eliza Brand Woodward, to be used as a 
home for needy and infirm women, called -^now the 
Masalester Home, was formally taken charge of by 
the Church The Home had been opened for in- 
mates during Dr. Shipman^s time. 

In May, 1884, the venerable Bishop Smith passed 
Away, and the Rt. Rev. T. U. Dudley, D. D., suc- 
ceeded to the episcopate of the Diocese He is a 
native of Virginia and was born September 26. 1><37. 
He studied at the University of Virginia and taught Bishop 
■Oreek in that institution before he was twenty-one Dudley* 
^ears old. Afterward he studied for the ministry 
in the Theological Seminary of Virginia, near Alex- 
andria. His first charge was at Harrisonburg, 
Virginia. Then he was Rector of ('hrist Church, 
Baltimore, until he was elected Assistant Bishop of 
Kentucky. He was consecrated January 27, 1875, 
-and in the early spring of that year visited L^^xing- 
ton and stood for the first time in the chancel of 
Christ Church. Dr. Shii)man was the Rector, and 
Bishop Dudley makes the following statement con- 
cerning the condition of the parish then : **Christ 
Church Impressed me at that time as bping one of 
the very strongest pafishes in the country. The 
•comnhtmieaHt list was large, the attendance upon 

72 Historical Sketch* 

the services most satisfactory, the devotion to the- 
Rector intense, and the consequent interest in the 
. work of the Church most enthusiastic." 

The duties of the Assistant Bishop were very- 
numerous and his responsibilities great, for Bishop- 
Smith, being Presiding Bishop of the Church, wa»; 
obliged to spend most of his time in New York. 
But the position was most satisfactorily and ad- 
mirably tilled. During the interval between Dr. 
Shipman's resignation and Mr. Tidball's coming,. 
Bishop Dudley frequently conducted the Sunday 
services and spent much of his time in Lexington. 
Both Bishop and people profited by this oppor- 
tunity to become more closely acquainted. He won 
many life-long friends, and they found that to know 
him better was to love and admire him the more. 

The Diocese so grew and prospered under his care- 
that in 1896 it was considered advisable to divide 
the large territory into two dioceses. This was 
done and Bishop Dudley retained the western half 
wMth the old name of the Diocese of Kentucky ; and 
the newly formed Diocese of Lexington elected as- 
its Bishop Rev. Lewis W. Burton, then in charge of 
St. Andrew's Church, Louisville. 

Bishop Dudley stands among the highest in the- 
esteem and affection both of men outside and of 
those within the Church. He is justly celebrated 
throughout the country for his great intelligence,, 
for the breadth and liberality of his views and for 
his powerful and winning eloquence. He has 
always received and in future may ever be sure of: 








4k hearty welcome ifrom the members of Christ 
"Church; and they feel they may still claim from him 
an interest in their welfare and a share in his affec- 
tions. He himself says: "During all these years, 
.from 1876 to 1896, Christ Church was to me one of 
the best beloved congregations over which I had 
•been Overseer, aad when the division of the Diocese 
•came, natural and necessary, one of the sorest 
trials it brought to me was the sundering of my 
connection with that parish; and now it has, 
wisely, as I think, become the Cathedral of the 
Diocese of Lexington, which means, as I under- 
stand it, the central Missionary Agency, the home 
of the Bishop, whence shall radiate an influence for 
unity of purpose and of works throughout the 
whole Diocesan district. I can but pray God, as I 
do with all my heart, that the strength of the 
-Cathedral may become speedily ten fold that of the 
parish in its palmiest days. I know the wisdom 
and the devotion of the Bishop into whose hands I 
have surrendered this charge, and I am confident 
that nothing of leadership will be lacking, and that 
.success will depend upon the faithful following of 
bis people.*' 

December 1», 1884, Dr Tidball resigned as Rector 
of the parinh. He was born near Winchester, Vir- 
.ginia. He began his career by studying law, but 
«oon abandoned that for the ministry. He studied 
ifor three years in the Theological Seminary of Vir- 
;|^nia and was ordained deacon by Bishop Whittle. 
His first two charges were in his native state, those 

75 Historical Sketdu 

of Accomac and Trinity Church, Portsmouth. In 
the latter beautiful colonial church he was ordained 
piieBt by Bishop Johns. Thence in 1878 he was. 
called to Lexinj?ton. His resij^nation, after a. stay 
of six prosperous years, was received with deep and 
heartfelt sorrow, for it was felt that the Church in 
Kentucky had suffered an incalculable loss. Always 
blessed in her pastors, she had not been less so this* 
time, for Dr. Ti iball is a man of high and noble 
character. He is a scholarly, as well as spiritual- 
minded man, and is a preacher of great power and 
wide note. His works in our parish speak for 
themselves, and no rector of ours was ever more 
loved and admired. 

He went from here to St. Paul's Church, Camden^ 
New Jersey. Of liis work there. Bishop Scarborough 
said it was "a little less than marvellous." In 1893- 
he was called to the Church of the Epiphany ii> 
Philadelphia, which charge he now holds. He has 
received marked distinction in several ways. His 
degree of D. D. was conferred by W.Uiam and Mary 
Colleiie. He was elected Professor of Systematic- 
Divinity in the Divinity School of Philadelphia, and 
in 1892 was chosen Missionary Bishop of Japan; 
but both of these honors were declined. 
^ In the spring following Dr TidbalFs departure,- 

^ , a project in which he had been very much inter- 
^°"J*"* ested,the forming of a Woman's Guild in this par- 
ish, was finally accomplished. This most admirable 
body has continued ever since, and has done untold 

Historical Sketch TI 

Shortly after this time- a part of the congrega-St» John's 
tion, desiring a system of free pews and a more Parish* 
ornate form of worship, withdrew and organized 
St. John's Parish, in this city. 

While the Church was without a permanent 
Rector, the Rev. Mr Pentz officiated during a great 
part of the time, as did also the Rev. George StanJ 
berry. Mr. Stanberry was a deacon in the Epis- 
copal Church, and, during the many years of his Mr. Stan- 
residence near this city, he frequently assisted in b«"T» 
the conduct of divine service in Christ Church. He 
was a member of the vestry and a faithful worker. 

The Rev. Edward H. Ward was called to the 
parish, April 27, 1885. Mr. Ward was born in 
€ampbell County, Virginia, December 18, 1849. He 
was educated at Roanoke College, in his native 
state, and studied for the ministry later at the^^J 
Theological Seminary, near Alexandria, Virginia, 
where Dr. Tidball also studied He was made' * 

deacon in June, 1873, and the following year was 
admitted to the priesthood by the Rt. Rev. John 
Johns, D. U , Bishop of Virginia. He had charge 
of a parish while a deacon, and was Assistant 
Minister of St. Paul's Church, Petersburg, Virginia, 
in 1874. After that he held several charges in Cali- 
fornia, and was called to Lexington from St. John's 
Church, Stockton. While in Lexington, he received 
the degree of D. D. from his Alma Mater, Roanoke 

During the month of January, 1888, a Mission 
was conducted in €hrist Church by the Rev. Dr. H. 

78 HMorfeal SMck 

M» Jaek^on, of Richmond, Virg^iiri^.* now the Bishop 
Coadjutor of Alabama. 
jM|j. In October of the 9«me yei^r, one of the noo»t im- 

f fh^ portant and beneficit^l works of the Church w.a^ 
Q^^ undertaken and cariied to completion: — the ^tab- 
Sheohffd ^**^***^^* ^^ ^^^ Mission on South Broad wc^y. The 
^^ lot for the purpose was donated by Mr. J. Q. A^ 
Hay man; and eighteen hundred dollars were raised 
by subscription for the building. The furnace and 
organ were donated, thus greatly reducing theexr 
pense. It is called tlie Chapel of the Good Shepherd. 
Rev* As soon as the Chapel, was completed, an assistant 
W* C miuiHter, the Rev. William C. Barnes, was called to 
Barnes, conduct the work there. Mr Bamps remaine<i only 
a little more than a year, then resigning to accept 
another charge. In May of 1891, Mr. Richard L. Mc- 
Cready succeeded Mr. Barnes. He came from Louis- 
ville as Lay Reader and Candidate for Orders to 
study under Dr. Ward. In the folio wing December he^ 
wns ordained Deacon by Bishop Dudley. He served 
R«v» very successfully for two years . During his short 
R» L* stay in our midet, he showed a great devotion to 
McCrea- duty, and ability and faithfulness in his profession, 
dy He was called to the Church of the Ascension iu 

PYankfort, Kentucky, where he was ordained Priest 
and of which he is now Rector. 

A work which originated in one of the sooieties 
of the Parish demands mention here. Inl890th9 
Woman's Guild purchased the Gratz property oi^ 
East Short Street, to be used as a hospital. The 
name Protestant Infirpmry w^-s gjyen tp it. No 

Rev. John N. Lewis, Jr., Dean. 

.r-^v-^i^ rv,.-.., 

Kistofical Sketch. 81 

charity, perhaps, has accomplished more good in Protest- 
our city than this noble institution, which certainly ant In- 
should receive the support of all Protestant de- flrmary* 
nominations. To conduct this benevolent enterprise 
has required from our ladies sublime faith and 
-courage. Into its structure have been worked their 
tears and their prayers. It has attracted to itself 
the contributions and labors of our own most gen- 
erous and devoted members and those of many 
like-minded friends outside the Parish. Many ad- 
ditions and improvements in the buildings have 
been made in the last few years, till now the 
Woman's Guild owns property to the amount of 
thirty-five thousand dollars. To-day the Infirmary 
stands one of the completest hospitals in the South 
in its equipment. Its School for Trained Nurses is 
the only one in this city, and has been an agency 
of incalculable value. The work of the Infirmary 
from the beginning has been chiefly charitable. In 
all this labor of love and free-handed benevolence 
no effort has been made by its managers to im- 
press upon the community its Episcopal relation- 
ship or to make it in any way an agency for merely 
building up the Parish. 

The work of the Church went along quietly for 
severaLyears, with a. steady growth. Perhaps the 
greatest material improvement of late years was 
iji the purchase, in 1892, of a new. large pipe organ. 

, We recall with the greatest pleasure the Misfiiion Rev* Dr» 
conducted in our phwrch in March, 1895^ by the Kev. Barrett's 
Dr. Barrett, whp sipc^, has pq-sspd to the Chuj:ch MisiicMu 

of the 

B2 Historical Sketdu 

Triumphant. Dr. Barrett was a preacher of won- 
derful force and power; and the ten days of hi» 
stay here will be long remembered. 

In June, 1895, the vestry decided to vote for the 
division of the Diocese of Kentucky. The Council 
to decide this Important matter met in the Cathe- 
dral at Louisville, pursuant to a call from the Rt. 
Rev. Dr. Dudley, Bishop of the Diocese. The com- 
mittee appointed at the last regular session of the 
Council, to investigate the matter of the division of 
the Diocese, reported favorably and urged the 
taking of this step. Their report was adopted 
unanimously ; and the matter was referred to the 
next General Convention. It was agreed that the 
Theological Seminary Fund of twenty-eight thou- 
sand dollars should, by the authority of a decree of 
the court, be transferred to the Episcopate Endow- 
ment Fund, then amounting to twelve thousand 
dollars; and in ca^e of the division of the Diocese^ 
that this fund should be divided equally between 
the two Dioceses. The division became necessjary 
because of the growth of the Diocese, the territory 
under these conditions being deemed too large to 
be under the care of one Bishop. Then, too, It wa» 
realized that in this way the missionary work in 
the Eastern portion of the Diocese would be ad- 

The General Convention which met In October, 
1895, gave its consent to the formation of a new 
Diocese within the State of Kentucky. The Pq. 
mary Council of the new Diocese was held in Christ 

Historical Sketch. 83 

Church, Lexington, December 4, 1895. It lasted two 
days, and much buBlnesH connected with the Diocese 
was transacted. First, the name of the Diocese of 
Lexington was unanimously agreed upon. Then 
the election of a Bishop was in order. Several 
clergymen were nominated, all of them eminent, 
and the choice finally fell upon the Rev. Lewis W. 
Burton, then Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Louis- 
ville. The election was made unanimous. 

Bishop Burton was born on the 9th of November, 
1852, in Cleveland, Ohio, where his uncle and his 
father were for many years Rectors of St. John's Bishop 
Church He graduated from Kenyon College with Burtoiu 
the first honors of his class in 1873, receiving the 
degree of A. B. and afterwards A. M. He studied 
for the ministry in the Philadelphia Divinity School,, 
and was ordained priest May 15th, 1^78, in St. 
Paul's Church, Cleveland, by Bishop Bedell. He^ 
held the successive charges. All Saints', Cleveland ; 
St. Mark's, Cleveland; St. John's, Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, and St. Andrew's, Louisville. At both of the- 
last named churches he accomplished a remarkable 
work in building up the parishes. We are fortunate- 
Indeed to have a man for our Bishop with such a 
record of good works in the past and such a 
promise of great good for the future. In the two 
years he has been with us, he has won the sincere- 
love and confidence of his people and universal ad- 
miration for his talents and his character. Especially 
has he endeared himself to those to whom he has 
ministered in times of distress and bereavement. 

Q4 (Sstgrical Sketch. 

We feel we must express our ratification at his 
havinj? selected Lexington for his home, and we 
hear on all sides that the clergy and the people of 
our city are proud to count him one of their num- 
ber. An idea was expressed so frequently and by 
so many different persons, on last Thanksgiving 
day, that it surely indicates the sentiments of the 
congregation of Christ Church Cathedral, and 
should be quoted. It was, that we ought to thank 
God for sending us our Bishop and thank the 
Bishop for having, with God's help, found us the 
' Dean . 

On December 9. 1896, the Rev. Dr. Ward handed 
his resignation to the vestry, having previously re- 
ceived a call from St. Peter's Church, Pittsburg. 
Although the vestry requested Dr. Ward to recon- 
sider his resignation, it was not withdrawn, but 
took effect January 6, of the following year; and in 
the same month he removed to his new parish. 
Deep sorrow was felt and expressed by all the con- 
gregation at the loss of one of our most able 

. Living as we do now, so near to the events just 
recorded, it is difficult to estimate the progress 
made in the past decade and to pay a just tribute 
to the Rector who was the efficient head of the 
Church during that time. It is certain that the 
Church made great progress. Many of the present 
Church societies, were organized. Among them, 
the Brotherhood of St. Andrew, the Altar Guild, the 
Woman's Auxiliary and the Junior Auxiliary. Dr. 

Historical Sketth* 85 

Ward is a man of unusual ability as a scholar, and 
a delightful- preacher. He manifested, also, fine 
executive ability, conducting the affairs of thfe 
parish most admirably. Never had its finances been 
better managed. He won the- respect and unfeigned 
love of his parishioners, who wish for him great 
success in his new and broader field of labor. 

During the months succeeding Dr. Ward's depar- 
ture, the question of making the Church the Cathe- 
dral of the Diocese was discussed in the vestry and 
generally throughout the congregation. The Bishop Chxist 
had already honored Lexington by choosing thai; Church^ 
city for his home. Funds had been collected ; and Cathc- 
the Episcopal residence on Sixth street was under j^jj^ 
way. This building was finally completed during 
the winter of 1897-8. Formal action upon this ini- 
portant matter was taken March 8, 1897, when the 
vestry officially offered the Church to Bishop Bur- 
ton as his Cathedral, with certain provisions. A 
parish meeting was called for March 15, which rati- 
fied the action of the vestry. The Bishop notified 
the vestry, on the 9th of April, of his acceptance of 
their offer of the Church, and nominated for Dean 
of the Cathedral the Rev. John Neher Lewis, Jr., 
Rector of Grace Church, Honesdale, Pennsylvania. 
The vestry elected Mr. Lewis ; and shortly after- 
wards he accepted the call. 

Dean Lewis was born at Annandale-on-the-Hud- P^ 
son, Dutchess County, New^ York, January J 8, 1869. ^-*^^* 
He entered the Sophomore year at Williams College 
and graduated from that institution in the class of 

€6 Historical Sketdu 

'89. He then Hstudied for three years at the Berke- 
ley •Divinity School at Middletown, Connecticut, 
under Bishop Williams, and was ordained deacon 
in June, 1892. In the same year he became Assist- 
ant Minister to Rev. Dr. Rainsford, Hector of St. 
George's Church, New Yorli City. He had oflaciated 
in several parishes during his seminary course. He 
was made priest in 1893 by Bishop Williams. On 
.July 1, 1894, he accepted a call to the Rectorship of 
Grace Church, Honesdale, Pennsylvania, and held 
this position for the three years immediately pre- 
ceding his comiag to this cit3^ 

Dean Lewis has already done much good and has 
w^on the esteem, not alone of the members of his 
Parish, but also of the citizens of Liexington 
generally. During his short stay among us, 
there has been felt a spontaneous impulse along 
all lines; the attendaice at the Church services has 
«hown a marked increase; and the work in the 
parish has gone forward zealously. We echo the 
words of one of his own parishioners,!* *May he long 
be the last.'' 

An important addition has recently been made to 
the Cathedral Clerical Staff by the appointment of 
the Rev. H. H. Sneed to conduct services at the 
€hapel of the Good Shepherd. Mr. Sneed has served 
(for a long time in our Diocese and was known to 
many of this Parish in his connection with the 
church at Middlesborough. He is now Rector of 
Holy Trinity Church, Georgetown, and Missionary 
€Lt Nicholasville He holds services at the Mission 
Chapel every Sunday and Tuesday evenings. 

Historical Sketch. 87 

We shall boat present still further aspects of our Memo- 
parochial history by examining the memorials rials* 
erected in the church. Certainly they are usually 
the most interesting objects within a church's walls. 
In them we find usefulness combined with beauty . 
They express our love and honor for the dead and 
are constant sources of pleasure to the living. A 
stranger delights in stained-glass windows and in 
a. pure white marble font; but his satisfaction in 
mere beauty of color and form cannot be compart d 
with the deep feeling in the loving hearts of those 
who placed such objects there. It is a feeling that 
they have erected here, in the very church which 
their departed friends attended and cherished, 
tributes of respect and affection, by which their 
loved ones, though dead, still speak and serve the 
kingdom of God. 

In the century of our Church's history there have 
been noble names and brave deeds worthy of com- 
memoration, and it is to be regretted that there 
are not more memorials to keep fresh in the minds 
of the younger generations the names of the earnest 
men who started and kept up the Church in times 
of discouragement and adversity ; to remind those 
struggling to-day that difficulties have been en- 
countered in the past and have been overcome; and 
to help us all remember that great cloud of wit- 
nesses surrounding us, so that we may be inspired 
to run patiently and worthily the race that is set 
before us . 

The beautiful window in the right transept, with 

Historical Sketdu 

the three life-sized figures of St. Gabriel, the Virgin 
Mary and St. Catherine, was given by Mrs. Eliza* 
Woodward. The inscription reads: **To the 
greater glory of God and in loving memory of Ed«- 
ward Macalester, October 2, 18(>6; Lily Brand 
Duncan, October 9, 1881;" and in the third panel 
space is left for the donor's own name. Mrs. Wood- 
ward sent a photograph of her niece to the artist 
in Rome, with instructions to make the face of the 
central figure as much like the picture *is possible. 
His effort was so successful that the result is said 
to be an admirable likeness. Consequently the 
memorial is doubly prized by those who knew and 
loved Mrs. Duncan. 

Of the companion window in the left transept, 
the first panel, representing the healing of the im- 
potent man at the Pool of Bethesda, was presented 
in memory of Mr. George Brand, by his children. 
He died January 9th, 1883. The third panel is iik 
memory of his wife, Fanny Macalester Brand, who 
died September 27, 1883, and was given by her 
daughter. The scene is where the Risen Christ 
meets Mary Magdalene. Tlie middle panel, the 
Ascension, is in memory of the father and mother 
of George W. Brand, John Brand and Elizabeth 
Hay Brand, who both died in 1849. 

Of the five quaint, narrow windows in the chan- 
cel, only three are memorials. The first one on the 
left has the inscription, "Rev. John Ward, born 
September, 1778, died May, 1860. A memorial from 
affectionate pupils." The second one is to John 

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Right Transept. Left Transept. 

Memorial Windows. 

HbtorkalSbelch. 91 

and Elizabeth Brand by their daughter Eliza Wood- 
ward. And on the last window on the right-hand 
«ide we read, "Elizabeth B. Smith, consort of BenJ. 
Smith, bom 1796, died 1833. Requleseat in pace." 

On the large brass cross upon the re-table are the 
words,**To the glory of GOD and in loving memory 
of Fanny M. Brand, Advent, 1883." This was given 
by her daughter. 

Both the brass book-rests on the altar have been 
given by Mrs. S. B. Cronly; one, **In Memorlam — 
Bruen and Sallie Madge — Holy Innocents, 1882;** 
t;he other, '*In Memoriani— Sallie Madge Cronley, 
Easter, April 2, 1893— From her Mother." 

The brass standards on each side of the altar and 
the beautiful corona suspended from the ceiling 
were given by Mrs. Cronly in memorj^of her mother, 
her father an«l her husband, Margery and Joseph 
Bruen and Edward L. Cronly, Christmas, 1888. 

The marble font has an interesting origin. Before 
i;he present church was finished, that is, about fifty 
years ago, the Rev. Mr. Berkley suggested to the 
children of the Sunday-school that they might try 
to give the new font. The next day at school, dur- 
ing recess, eight little girls, between the ages of 
nine and twelve, discussed the matter and decided 
to undertake to raise the money. They were Mary 
and Amelia Timberlake, Mary and Theo Curd, Eliza 
And Ellen March, Mary Eliza Smith and Kate 
Pinckard. It is one of these who tells us the story. 
They met on numerous Saturdays and sewed upon 
Articles which their mothers would cut out for 

92 Historical Sketcfu 

them. When the things were completed two girlB 
filled a basket and went around to all the ladies 
whom they knew and found kind and ready pur- 
chasers. In this way they made ten dollars. They 
then decided to give a fair, and hold it in the big 
school-room right next to the church. The older 
members of the congregation became Interested, 
and contributions were freely promised the de- 
lighted children. It was strawberry weason, and 
they had an abundance of good things. Among 
them was an enormous '*ring cake," which was 
sold by the slice, and Eliza March received the slice 
with the ring in it. The attendance was large, the 
patronage generous and the fair proved a great 
success. The girls cleared one hundred and fifty 
dollars, which they proudly handed to Mr Berkley. 
He sent the money to Italy^ to Mr. Joel T. Hart,. 
Kentucky's famous sculptor, who selected and, 
possibly, himself, designed the font for them. It 
has around the bowl the appropriate text, ''Suffer 
little children to come unto me, and forbid them 
not." The cross on the font was added by Mrs. 
Edward Coleman, a memorial to Miss Pauline Mc- 
Caw . 

The lectern of oak, an eagle with outspread 
wings, was placed in the church in memory of 
Richard Curd, by his family, in 1868. And the hexag- 
onal pulpit, with the figure of our Saviour in the 
front of it, was erected in 1868, in memory of Eleanor 
H. (^urd, by her (laughters. 

The two large brass vases are in memory of Mrs. 

Historical Sketch 93 

Lily Duncan, given by Mrs. John Allen and Mrs. 
Charles Voorhies. The third vase, which stands on 
the altar at the foot of the cross, was given by Mrs. 
Cronley in memory of her brother, Joseph Bruen, 
Jr., Easter, April 2, 1893 A beautiful white topaz 
is set in the front of the vase. The stone. was 
brought to Mr. Bruen from Europe and was given 
to his sister after his death. It adds greatlj^ to the 
beauty and vsclue of the memorial 

The alms basin is in memory of Dunbar Griffith 
Jeffrey, and was given by Mrs. Gorton 

The tall brass font ewer has the inscription, 
**One Lord, One Faith, Oae Baptism. In memoriam 
my beloved sons, Henry and Dunbar " It was 
given by Mrs. Alexander Jeffrey. 

The silver shell used in Baptism was given by 
Mrs. Bodley in memory of little Willie Pickett. 

The Bible on the lectern has on the cover the 
words, **In Memoriam, .lohn B. Tilford, Jr." 

On the large prayer-book for the altar is written, 
**Christ Church, Lexington, Kentucky. In Memo- 
riam, Wright Merrick." 

A set of books in use in the chapel was given as a 
memorial to Mrs. Ann Bean. 

The three setrf of prayer-books and hymnals were 
recently presented anonymously for use in the chan- 
cel. . . . 

The oldest memorials are the marble tablets to 
Rev. Mr. Moore and Mr* Clifford. They were pre- 
served when the old church of Mr.' Berkley's time 
was torn dowii, and were fix'ed in the walls of the 

94 Hlfloffkal SkOdau 

present bi;ildlng, on each side of the main door to 
the middle aisle, when the church was remodelled 
Tinder Dr. Shipman. The inscription on that to 
Mr. Moore will be seen in the print of it published 
in this volume. That to Mr. Clifford reads as fol- 

Sacred to the Memory of 

Jobn D* CUtlorD, jesq,, 
















He died May 8th, 1820, aged 41 years. 

The Church Home is the largest and most sub- 
stantial of all the memorials. A beautiful tablet 
hangs in the hall of the Home with this inscription • 

Historical Sketcfu 95 

To the Glory of God. 

Christ Church Home. 

Id Loving Memory of Edward Macalester. 

Entered into life, October 2, 1866. 

Founded by his Wife, 

Eliza Macalester Woodward, 

Who entered into life, May 9, 1897. 

Grant him, O Lord, Eternal Rest, and let perpetual 

Light shine upon him. 

The occupancy of the house was first granted by 
Mrs. Woodward in 1S79 ; and she deeded the prop- 
erty to Christ Church, July 5, 1881. Since its estab- 
lishment, it has afforded the shelter and the comfort 
of home to many a helpless, lonely woman. 

In the Chapel of the Good Shepherd a beautiful 
round window was inserted over the altar, Christ- 
mas, 1897. It represents the Star ol Bethlehem, and 
is in memory of Maria Blair Todd, one of the first 
and most faithful workers in the Mission Sunday* 
school. The organ there was given in memory of 
little Theo. Wood. The font'was given by Christ 
* Church Guild and the altar by Mrs. Ella' Williauk- 

' eon. 


More than a century has passed over Christ 
Church Cathedral— a century crowded with events 
and crowned ^ith achievement. From an insig- 
nificant beginning tliere has been a marvellous 
growth.. At times we have seen a struggling 
•Church, and again one that wap resplendent with, 
glor3^ from the illustrious men who were connected 
with it. Four different buildings have stood upon 
the present site, built from time to time as the in- 
<!rea8e in the congregation demanded. Our church 
edifice of to-day has passed its fiftieth anniversary ; 
several generations have worshiped within its 
walls; and, from among these, many noble and 
tainted ones have passed from the Church Militant 
to the great host of the Church Triumphant. 
Memories crowd fast upon us, at times, as we 
«tand within the dim walls of the dear old church, 
Or turn the pa^es of its register, where the story of 
many a life is told in two or three brief entries. 
^ From an eventful past we turn, with great hope 
tn our hearts, to the Church at present, and look 
forward to its future. Christ Church has most 
fittingly been merged into Christ Church Cathedral. 
The Church is the oldest in the state, and the for- 
mation of the original Diocese of Kentucky was 
brought about through its efforts. So it seems 
just and right that, exactly one hundred and one 

VEavou 97 

yearfl after the first gathering together of her con- 
gregation, and on the fiftieth annireraary of tlie 
building of the present church, she should become 
the Cathedral of the new Diocese. 

The Cathedral has to-day a communicant list of ^ 
nearly five hundred. Connected with it most di- ^*"*^ ** 
rectly we have a Sunday-school, whose growth in ^'^^^^ 
the past year has been very encouraging to those 
engaged in that work, the interest manifested being 
much greater and the attendance roll increasing 
every Sunday It has a rival in the school con- 
ducted at the Mission of the Good Shepherd. 
Though the number of pupils is not so large as in 
the Parish Sunday-school, an enthusiasm prevails 
in the school that promises well for the future. 

Perhaps first and foremost among the working 
organizations of the Cathedral stands the Woman's 
Guild. It numbers in its membership the most 
faithful workers in the Parish, and its infiuence has 
been felt every w^here throughout our community. 
The Protestant Infirmary will stand as an endur- 
ing monument of its achievement. 

The Altar Guild, at first only a committee of the 
Woman's Guild, under the able leadership of its first 
chairman, the late Mrs. M. R. Stockwell, soon be- 
came an independent organization. 

The parochial chapter of the Brotherhood of St. 
Andrew is to be counted one of the most progress- 
ive organizations. Its membership is of course con- 
fined to the men of the Parish ; but here it fiils a 
long-felt want. The sympathy and good wishes of 

98 L'EnvoL 

the whole congregation are with its membern in 
their work. They have recently rented a house 
near the Good Shepherd Chapel on South Broad- 
way, which is open every evening as a reading 
r(»om for men and boys. It is in a part of the city 
where there is an excellent opening for such a work; 
and its ultimate success is not to be doubted. 

The Woman's Auxiliary, though only recently es- 
tablished in our midst, is proving here the same 
* 'strong right arm of the Church'' as elsewhere. 
Closely allied with this is the work of the Junior 
Auxiliary, which is worthy of the highest commen- 
dation. A large number of the young girls of the 
Parish are connected with it. And last, and least 
in one sense though not in another, among the 
missionary societies stands the ^'Babies' Branch,*' 
which extends throughout the Diocese. Many cir- 
cles of ten little ones have been formed, each mem- 
ber contributing one cent a week for the cause of 
missions, and offering with it a simple but tender 
l)rnyer for the missionaries everywhere. 

We must also mention the work of the Friendly 
Society and the Band of Mercy, societies conducted 
in connection with the Chai)el of the Good Shep- 
herd. The work of the former is among the women 
and children of that mission. For them also there 
has been organized quite recently a branch of the 
Woman's Auxiliary. 

St. Andrew's Chapel, the mission for colored 
people, is under the charge of the Rev. C. H. 
Thompson, D. D. Its Sunday-school is ably con- 

L'Envon 99 

ducted by a Superintendent and teachers from the 
Cathedral, ancj is making* rapid strides under their 

At present in the Cathedral we have a mixed 
choir of adult voices. The vested choir of the chil- 
dren of the Sunday-school sin^s now only at the 
children's festival celebrations. Both choirs are 
efficiently and agreeably conducted by our organist. 
Miss Bertha Emery, who has filled her present po- 
sition for more than two years. 

In entering upon the years that lie before us, we 
feel that we have the inspiration of a splendid past. 
Let us receive from it an impulse to higher endeavor 
on our part. As we stand to-day in our compar- 
atively new position, as the chief Church, in an offi- 
cial sense, of a missionary Diocese, whose parishes 
one and all look to us to lead the way in the great 
work waiting everywhere to be done for Christ, 
let us strive to make the next century even more 
fruitful than the one just ended. 


Information has been derived from the following 
sources : 

Records of the Vestry of Christ Church. 

Old Files of the Kentucky Gazette. 

Journals of Diocesan Councils. 

Collins' History of Kentucky. 

Allen's History of Kentuck3^ 

Marshall's History of Kentucky. 

Peter's History of Fayette County . 

Ranck's History of Lexington. 

Peter's History of Transylvania University. 

Campbell's History of Virginia- 
America and the American Church, by the Rev. 
Henry Caswall. 

Perry's History of the American Episcopal Church. 

Perry's Bishops of the American Church. 

Church Cyclopsedia. 

Lexington Church Record. 

Historical Sketches of Christ Church, Louisville 
by Rev. James D. Craik. 

Historical Sketch of Christ Church, New York 

Church Review and Ecclesiastical Register.