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Full text of "Historic gleanings in Windham County, Connecticut"

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WINDHAM COUNTY 



§it0iiU0B Jirutorg. 



-CONTAINING THE 



Maiiics, Business and location of all tlie Bu§lness 

Men in tiie Cownty, Agi'icisltnral, Man-- 

Mfactnring, and otiiei- Statistics. 



I WITH A 

i 



PRINTED AT THE 

WINDHAM COUNTY TRANSCRIPT OFFICE, 
WEST KILLINGLY,— 1861. 






In presenting to the public for the first time a Business 
Directory of Windham County, it would perhaps be too much 
to hope that it will prove entirely free from errors. No pains 
have been spared on the part of the compilers to effect this end, 
and it is believed to be in all points nearly if not perfectly 
correct. The statistics have been carefully prepared from the 
returns of the last census and will be of great interest to every 
intelligent citizen of the county. The historical sketches are 
by citizens of the difi'erent towns and contain many interest- 
ing facts. 

To friends who have aided in the preparation, the compilers 
would give their most hearty thanks. 

Danielsonville, August 1861. 



/* 



%-. 



A SKETCH 



-0 F- 



WINDHAM COUNTY. 



Windham County, consisting of the towns of Ashford, Brook- 
lyn, Canterbury, Chaplin, Eastford, Hampton, Killingly, Plain- 
field, Pomfret, Putnam, Scotland, Sterling, Thompson, Volun- 
town, Windham and Woodstock, occupies the north-eastern cor- 
ner of the State of Connecticut. Its surface has the general 
character of Eastern New England, a broken country without 
any high elevation, well watered by numerous brooks or small 
rivers, with some good farming land, and much that is sandy 
and stony, where a living must be obtained by hard labor if 
drawn from the soil. 

There is good land in the county. Parts of the towns of 
Woodstock, Thompson, Pomfret, Brooklyn and Canterbury 
present a connected body of as good land as we need wish for, 
and other detachcfl portions are not inferior, while facilities for 
transportation and convenience to markets will render the far- 
ming interest always a leading one in the county. Its first 
settlers were farmers, and its present inhabitants are worthy 
children of sires who brought these beautiful hills and valleys 
from savage wildness to their present high state of cultivation. 
The farmers of the county, are live men and all the improvements 
of modern agriculture, both in implements and fertilizers, are 
freely used by them. In no part of New England or the coun- 



I 8 . WINDHAM COUNTY. 

' *try can be found better houses or farms, more substantial walls 
! and fences, cleaner fields or more excellent grades of cattle 
than in parts of this county. Such farming as may be found 
here is an honor to the men and the county. 

Yet there may still, once in a while, be found an old-fashion- 
ed farmer,who holds fast to his father's and grandfather's ways, 
and thinks all modern changes and improvements, humbug. — 
Such a man may gensrally be known by his poor barns, broken 
fences, wooden ploughs, long-nosed pigs iind slab-sided cattle. 
He never takes an agricultural paper nor buys a mowing ma- 
chine. He dislikes gu^no, and thinks improved stock all a 
cheat. No trees or flowers grow round his house ; his children 
leave home, as soon as they can, to escape the drudgery of the 
farm. Let all, who desire the best interests of the county, be 
thankful that the number of such farmers is small and is daily 
growing less. 

Much of the interest in improved farming throughout the 
county is due to the influence of various agricultural societies, 
and especially to the County Society. Such institutions can- 
not be too highly valued or too heartily supported by the far- 
mers of the county. 

The statistics to be found in another part of this book, present 
many facts interesting to the farmers of the county, and can- 
not be carefully studied without profit. 

There are two branches an attention to which has often been 
urged upon the farmers of this county, in which there would 
seem still to be room for improvement — sheep culture and or- 
chards. The great obstacle in the way of the former is- the 
number of useless dogs which renders the keeping of sheep a 
very uncertain branch of farming. Many acres of land are 
lying idle, enough to pasture thousands of sheep, and wool and 
mutton will pay for the raising especially on such lands. It 
seems a pity that a good dog law can not be enforced and an 
animal so profitable as the sheep be more extensively kept. 



WINDHAM COUNTY. 



But orchards all may have. There are thousands of acres 
of land in the county which could be laid out in orchards with 
the greatest ease, and which when thus cultivated will yield a 
surer and more profitable return than any other part of the 
farm. In many respects the climate of New England seems 
to be changing, and some fruits, as peaches, are not as sure to 
thrive as they once were, but as good apples and pears can be 
raised here as any where, and good fruit can always be sold 
or consumed on the farm* 

The cultivated and uncultivated land as well as the difier- 
ent crops will be observed by the table to vary considerably in 
the different towns. Doubtless there is yet much land which 
will one day by draining and cleaning be made more product- 
ive than at present, still there will always be waste land, 
rocky and sterile. If every farmer will strive to improve his 
land, his buildings, and his stock, our farming can be made 
more pleasant and more profitable, and our young men will 
remain at home instead of going to cities, or anywhere to be 
away. The true farmer has a good ga'rden, is not ashamed to 
cultivate flowers to adorn his residence, and does not consider 
corn, oats, and hay the chief ends of living. May the number 
of such be increased and we may be sure that although other 
interests may make more noise and stir, still for years to come, 
as for years past, agriculture must be the leading pursuit of 
the county. 

But nature seems to have designed to add other pursuits to 
farming. Lying as the county does between and by means of 
railroads and boats^ easily accessible to great cities, it possesses 
in its vast water power a mine of inexhaustible wealth. The 
Quinebaugand Slfetucket rivers have in their course many feet 
of fall, while numerous branches, large and small, furnish many 
other excellent privileges. These advantages were early seen, 
and for years manufacturing, mostly of cotton, has been a 
leading interest of the county. 

1# 



10 WINDHAM COUNTY. 



The first mill for the manufacture of cotton built in the 
county was erected in the year 1807 by a corporation called 
the Pomfret Manufacturing Company, on the site of the mill 
owned by E. Wilkinson in the present town of Putnam. The 
next was in Plainfield at the present village of Almyville, 
built in lw08. The 3d was in Daniclsonville, built in 1809. 
Both of these last buildings are standing as when first erected. 
Since the construction of the Norwich & Worcester and Prov- 
idence 4* Hartford and New London 4 Willimantic Railroads, 
this interest has vastly increased, and there are still many 
unoccupied privileges where one day will echo the sound of the 
loom and shuttle. 

Other manufactures than those of cotton are fonnd in the 
^county though to rather a limited extent. The statistics of 
manufacturing as well as of farming will be found of great 
interest. 

The history of the county is yet to be written. The sketch- 
es of the different towns in this work give some of the facts 
of its early settlements. Many interesting incidents which 
might have been obtained a few years ago are lost forever. 
The aged raen,the fathers, are fast passing away. Town histo- 
ries are now in preparation in a number of towns in the 
county, and it is to be hoped will fix permanently many of 
these fleeting memorials of the past. 

We can form no correct estimate of the hardships endu- 
red by those early settlers to whom we owe this fair inheri- 
tance. Their struggles and privations, great as they were, 
were cheerfully borne; they labored and we reap the fruits of 
their labors. The History of the county is not without its 
great names. Here Putnam lived and died, and many sons 
have gone out to do honor to themselves and to her in different 
parts of the world. Their names belong to her record, and it 
will be the province of the future historian to gather them up. 
It is beyond the limits of this work. 



WINDHAM COUNTY. 11 

The future of the county may be read in its past. Its 
enterprise and intelligence, its industry and economy, must 
bring prosperity notwithstanding temporary reverses, and 
when all its resources shall be developed, all its capabilities 
cultivated to their fullest extent, no son of hers, either at 
home or abroad, need blush to own the place of his birth. 



EOXJOA^TIOTSTAL ^T.LTISTICS 



or — 



WINDHAM COUNTY. 

1861. 



Towns. 



AsliforcT,. . . . 
Brooklyn,. . . 
Canterbury,. 
Chaplin,. . . . 

Eastford, 

Hampton, . . . 
Killingh', .. 
Plaiiitieid, . . 
Pomfret, . . . 
Putnam,.. . . 
Sterling, . . . 
Scotland, . . 
TJiouipson, 
Voluntown, 
Windham, . 
Woodstock, 



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427 


491 05 


199 


228 85 


295 


339 25 


194 


223 10 


1178 


1,354 TO 


881 


1,013 15 


354 


407 10 


726 


834 90 


291 


234 65 


158 


181 70 


866 • 


895 90 


337 


387 55 


1079 


1.240 85 


805 


925 75 



GENERAL REMARKS. 



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Whole number of Towns in Connecticiit .January, 1861, 161 

<« " School Districts, 1,624 

" " Children between 4 and 16, 108,389 

Capital of School Fund, $2,050,460 

From the ninth Annual Report of the State Reform School, (lo- 
cated in Meriden,) May, 1861, it appears tlmt Windham County sent 
4 to this Institution during the past year, and previous years, 8,— 
Total from Windham County during 9 years, 12. 



STATISTICS OF 

BIRTHS, MARRIAGES AND DEATH8. 

The following table is compiled from the annual report- of 
the State Librarian, and includes the year ending Dec. 31 18G0. 



Towns 


1 Population 


(. Births 
31 


Marriages 


Death 


Ashford. - - - 


j 1231 


4 


•31 


Brooklyn. - 


2132 


5a 


9 


35 


Canterbury. 


1592 


32 


6 


20 


Chaplin. - - - 


788 


21 


8 


14 


Eastford. - - - 


1006 


27 


5 


15 


Hampton. 


989 


23 


7 


19 


Killingly. 


4960 


135 


60 


92 


Plainfield. - . 


3665 


78 


40 


53 


Pomfret. - - - 


1660 


35 


) 


27 


Putnam. - - - 


2208 


65 


26 


57 


Scotland, - - » 


735 


11 


10 


8 


Sterling. - - - 


1050 


20 


4 


14 


Thompson. 


3995 


51 


40 


28 


Voluntown. - - 


1061 


27 


8 


22 


Windham. - - 


4261 


114 


48 


76 


Woodstock. - - 


3285 


72 
795 


17 

299 


31 


Total, 


34618 


542 



It appears from this Table that in this county there was one 
death to every 63 87-100 of its inhabitants. This compares ; 
favorably with other counties in the State — Fairfield^ with the ,' 
least mortality, losing one in 68 80-100, and Middlesex; with 
the greatest, losing one in 51 72-100 of its inhabitants. 

Of the 542 "deaths in this eounty, 293 were of those under 5 
years of age. Of the whole number, 77 died of consumption, 
being about one in seven, or if those under 5 years of age died^ 
of diseases peculiar to children, one third of the adults died of 
consumption. 



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18 COUNTY OFFICERS, &C. 

COMMISSIONER?,. 
Geo. Buck, Putna»ji ; Henry WyV\e, Voluntown; Samuel 
Bingham, Windham. 

CLERK, OF COURTS, 

Uriel Fuller, .... Brooklyn. 

STATE ATTORNEY. 
Gilbert AV . Phillips, (pro tern.) - Putnam. 

SHERIFF. 

David Greenslit, - - - Hampton. 

DEPUTY SHERIFFS. 

• John A.. Murphy,- Ash ford ; Lysander Warren, W^est Kil- 

^'^.^'ly ; Prescott May, Putnam ; Walter Bates, Thompson ; 

R. Do .vison, Willimantic. 

Dep'jty Jail'R — John S. Searls, - - Brooklyn. 

CoryxiY Treasurer — Edwin Newbury, - Brooklyn. 

Di^PDTY Surveyor — John W. Trowbridge, - Eastford. 



Thompson Bank, (Thompson.) Talcott Crosby, President. 
Theodore F. Sharpe, Cashier. Capital, $70,000. 

Windham County Bank, (Brooklyn.) John Gallup, 2d, 
President. A. F. Fisher, Cashier. Capital, $106,000. 

Windham Bank, (Windham.) Henry S. Walcott, President. 
Samuel Bingham Cashier. Capital, $100,000. 



Windham County Mutual Fire Insurance Company, (Brook- 
lyn.) A. H. Storrs, President. John Palmer, Secretary. 



Windham County Agricultural Society, located at Brooklyn. 
Its annual exhibition for 18G1. will be held on flic 1 th, 19th 
and 20th of September. Apollos Richmond, President. — 
James B. Whitconib, Recording Secretary, Brooklyn. Charles 
Mathewson, Corresponding Secretarj', Pomfret 

Woodstock Agricultural Society. Its annual exhibition will 
be held at Arnold Town, (so-called,) on the of 

September. Horace Sabin, President. Joseph McClellan, 
Corresponding Secretary. E. C. May, Recording Secretary. 



LAWYERS. 


19 




NAMES. 


ADDRESS. 

1 


Arnold, Joel R. 


Willimantic. 


Burtiham, A. A, 


Windham. 1 


Cundall, Edward L. "1 


West Killingly. 


Clark, Edwards 


Windham, 


Cleveland, Chauncey F. 


Hampton. i 


Dyer. William 


Central Village. 


Fuller, Uriel 


Brooklyn. 


Frost, Daniel - 


Canterbury. 


Graves, Thomas E. 


Thompson. 


flolbrook. John 


Abington. ' 


Hibbard, Calvin 


Windham. 


Johnson, Harrison 


Putnam. 


Lyon, Judson M. 


Woodstock. 


Martin, Earl i - 
Phillips, G. W. 


West Killingly. 


Putnam. i 


Penrose, John J. 


Central Village. 


Richmond, Jared D. 


Ashford. 


Stoddard, Geo. S. F. - 


Woodstock. 


Sumner, Elliott B. 


Willimantic. 


1 Tyler, Daniel P. 


Brooklyn. 


Williams, John F. 

i 

1 
1 

1 


W. Woodstock. 

i 
_ - i 



20 


CLERGYMEN. 




ojlei^g;-y3J[E]v 


, 


NAMES. 


1>EN0MIXATI0N. 


ADDRESS. 


Adams, N. T. 


Baptist, 


Willimantic, 


Aldrich, Justus 


u 


East Killingly. 


Ayer, Chas. 


Cong. 


Collamer. 


1 Adams, C. C. 


Meth. 


Eastford. 


Bosworth, L. A. 


u 


Canterbury. 


Bachelor, F. E. M. 


Cong. 


Killingly. 


'Benedict, W. A. 


" 


Plainfield. 


Barrows, Sylvester 


Baptist, 


Brooklyn. 


Bentley, E. D. 


" 


Willimantic. 


Branch, N. 


ii. 


W. Woodstock. 


Brown, Joseph P. 


(( 


Moosup. 


Burleigh, L. 


(( 


Central Village 


Burnham, Alfred 


Christian, 


Hampton. 


Conant, H. W. 


Meth. 


Putnam. 


Case, John W^ 


u 


W. Thompson. 


Camp, R. 


Episcopal, 


Brooklyn. 


Carpenter, Henry 


Advent, 


West Killmgly. 


Channing, George G. 


Unitar, 


Brooklyn. 


Chamberlin C. 


Cong. 


Eastford. 


Dunning, Andrew 


it 


Thompson. 


Dutton, Thomas 


((■ 


Ashford. 


Davenport, W. W. 


n- 


West Killingly. 


Ela, Walter 


Meth. 


E. Thompson. 


Eldridge, R. B. 


Christian, 


Hampton. 


Fulton, Hugh 


Baptist, 


Ashford. 


Grosvenor, Lemuel 


Cong. 


Woodstock. 


Gregory, H. T. 


Episcopal, 


Thompson. 


Grosvenor, C. P. 


Cong. 


Canterbury. 


Greenslitt, Henry 


Christian, 


Scotland. 


Hunt, Daniel 


Cong. 


Pomfret. 


Heald, Jesse E. 


Episcopal, 


Central Village. 


Horton, S. J. 


a 


Windham. 


Huntington, Thomas 


Advent, 


Brooklyn. 


Kellen, Wm. 


Meth. 


Willimantic. 



i CLERGYMEN PHYSICIANS. 21 1 


Matthewson, P. E. 


Baptist, 


Thompson. 


Morse, B. S. 


'- 


(( 


Pratt, E. H. 


Cong. 


E. Woodstock. 


1 Palmer, A. 


Meth. 


West KiUingly. 


Ramsdell, H. S. 


(< 


Putnam. 


Randall. H. S. 


Cong. 


East Putnam. 


Randall, Henry C. 


Epis. 


Pomfret. 


Stanley, Edwin S. 


Meth. 


Fisherville. 


Sessions, J. W. 


Cong. 


W. Woodstock. 


Stone, Gilman 


Baptist, 


N. \shford. 


Seymour, Chas. N. 


Cong. 


Brooklyn. 


Smith, Henry B. 


(( 


Abington. 


Soule, Geo. 


(< 


Hampton. 


Stearns, Geo. I. 


it 


Windham. 


Tillotson, Geo. J. 


(( 


Putnam 


Tefft, A. B. 


Baptist, 


Voluntown. 


White, John, 


Cong. 


N. Woodstock. 


Wizard, S. G. 


tc 


Willimantic. 


Williams, Francis 


<< 


Chaplin. 


Walker, B. M. 


Meth. 


Moosup. 


1 Winsor, Samuel A. 


'( 


E. Woodstock, 


j r-xiYsioiAivs. 


Avery, C. S. 




Windham 


Bennett. Wm. A. 




Willi rnantic. 


Bennett, 




Westford 


Baldwin, Elijah 




Canterbury 


Barber, Smith 




<( 


Burgess, Frank S. 




Moosup. 


Bromley, Calvin B. 




Scotland 


j Barstow, G. F. 




Putnam. 


|| Bradley, Ichabod 




(( 


Bradford, Milton 




West Woodstock 


! Cogswell, W. H. 


*2 


Plainfield 



22 



PHYSICIANS. 



Campbell, Harvey 
Dean, David B. 
Dixon, Lewis E. 
Gallup, Albert 
Hunt, Cliester 
Huntington, T. 
Hughes, Dyer 
Hammond, Justin 
Hovoy, Daniel A 
HutchinSj Samuel 
Hall, David E. 
Holt, Hiram 
Holbrook, Lowell 
Johnson, B. R. 
Lewis' \Vm. A. 
McGregor, John 
Marcy, Lorenzo 
Martin, J. W. 
Otip, Wm. K. 
Plimpton, D. B. 
Palmer, Joseph 
Robbins, Elisha K. 
Rogers, Charles H. 
Simmons, John H. 
Whitcorab, J. B. 
Woodbridge, Wm 
Witter, Orrin 
Witter, Orrin Jr., 
Williams, Lewis 
W^itter, Asa 



Voluntown 
Eastford 
Moosup 
Voluntown 
Windham 

Brooklyn 

Hampton 

Killingly 

South 

West " 

Pomfret 
Thompson 
West Killingly 
Sterling Hill 
Thompson 
Woodstock 
West Killingly 
Willimantic 
Putnam 
Canterbury 
Eastford 
Central Village 
Ashford 
Brooklyn 
t( 

'Chaplin 

Pomfret 

North Wooditock. 



HISTORY OF ASHFORD. 



The town of Ashford, embracing the present towns of 
Ashford and Eastford, was laid out as a township by the Col- 
onial Legislature, in 1706. It was described as a tract of 
land six miles square, lying west of Pomfret, which was already 
settled and named, and north of Mansfield. The settlement of 
the town did not commence till 1710, when two families moved 
into its present limits. Some authorities state that pioneers 
settled here as early as 1706. The inhabitants had so in- 
creased in 1714, that they petitioned the Legislature to be in- 
corporated as a town, which petition was granted. 

The history of the town has been marked by no incidents of 
great interest. Its character is that of a quiet, moral town, 
mostly interested in farming, with a people retaining many of 
the tastes and feelings of the past, which have been lost in 
towns brought into more intimate connection with modern 
changes. 

We give a tradition of its early times, indicative not of 
this town merely, but of the feeling in Connecticut, generally. 
"A concourse of people were assembled on the hill in front 
of the meeting house, to witness the punishment of a man 
who had been convicted of neglecting to go to meeting on the 
Sabbath for a period of three months. According to the ex- 
isting law for such delinquency, the culprit was to be publicly 
whipped at the post. Just as the whip was about to be applied, 
a stranger en horseback appeared, rode up to the crowd of 
spectators, and inquired for what purpose they were assembled. 



24 ASHFORD. 



! Being informed of the state of the case, the strange gentleman 
I rose upright in his stirrups, and with emphasis addressed the 
! astonished multitude as follows : 'You men of Ashford, serve 

1 God as if the D 1 was in you ! Do you think you can 

! whip the grace of God into men ? Christ will have none but 

! volunteers.' The people stared, while the speaker, probably 

not caring to be arraigned for contempt of court, put spurs to 

his horse, and was soon out of sight ; nor was he ever more 

seen or heard of by the good people ot Ashford." 

A description of Ashford, as written by a native of the 
j place, says : — 

• "The traveller, on arriving at Ashford, is greeted by no 

imposing spectacle. From the distant hill, as he approaches, 

; he sees no ancient towers, nor, as he enters the old town, does 

; he meet with walled environs and a grand entry. Even in 

I Spartan days, or in feudal times, the virtue and ihe hospitality 

i which characterize such inhabitants, would have dispensed with 

! walls and bulwarks. The simple view of a meeting house, an 

; academy, two taverns, a cluster of neat dwellings, and sur- 

I rounding scenery not particularly attractive, leaves no enduring 

' impression upon the mind of the indifferent sojourner, who, 

after a night's repose or a well prepared meal, tenders a sin- 

cere farewell to his obliging host, and resumes his seat in the 

post coach. But he who would enjoy the native attractions 

I of the place must be at leisure, and not wholly disinterested. 

j Some strong tie, like that of consanguinity should be thrown 

I around him. In fine he must be a good pedestrian. If he 

i have these prerequisites, ho may leave the turnpike and traverse 

i a northern section of the township, where he shall find a region 

worthy to have been the nursery of the eagle spirit of a 

! Knowlton. He shall stroll complacently among the pines 

, which embower the rocky upland and his eye shall dilate upon 

! the landscape, as viewed from the topmost shelf of the storm- 

I beaten crag. He turns from this species ot scenery, to anoth- 



ASUFORD. 25 



er not less enchanting^ He may leave the mountain 
for the plain, and make his wa^ through the thickly wooded 
valley, where wanders the rivulet, which is destined, ere 
its waters reach the ocean, to bear a navy on its bosom. — 
Among these solitudes, he may recognise the streams 
among which, when a boy, he angled for dace and trout. And 
here, as the shades of the spreading beech falls upon the stream, 
a corresponding shade of melancholy may fall upon his heart, 
as memory recurs to his early friends and associates-" 

Col. Thomas Knowlton, whose name is familiar to every rea- 
der of American history, was a native of this place, and was 
amonor the first who rallied around the standard of American 
Independence. He was originally a Captain in the regiment 
rais-d by Gen. Putnam, and his name appears as commander 
of a fatigue party of two hundred, on the expedition to fortify 
Bunker Hill, In the next February, Col. Knowlton, then hol- 
ding the rank of Major, by the express command of Washing- 
ton, with one hundred men, crossed to Charlestown on the ice, 
and in the face of a heavy fire, destroyed some storehouses oc- 
cupied by the British, and brought off their guns, without losing 
a man. He was in the unsuccessful^ campaign on Long Island, 
and accompanied the army af er the evacuation of New York. 
On the morning of the 16th of September, 1776, while enga- 
ged in a skirmish with a party of British, leading his men with 
the same intrepidty he exhibited at Bunker Hill and all the 
way through his short and brilliant career, he fell, pierced with 
balls. He was regarded by Washington nnd his fellow soldiers, 
as one of the most promising officers in the army, and his loss 
was deeply felt and lamented. 

Ashford was early divided into two ecclesiastical societies, 
and in 1847 one of them, Eastford, was incorporated as a town, 
so that the early history of these towns is the same. 

The first settled minister in Ashford was Rev, James Hall, 
ordained in 1718, and the first church building stood on near- 
ly the same spot as the present one. 



I 26 ASUFORD. 

!J Crystal Pond, lying partly in Eastford and partly in Wood- 
I i stock, is often spoken of by early visiters as a sheet of exceed- 
inc beauty, and is mentioned by its present name in the earliest 
records of the town. 

Farming is the principal pursuit, as the lack of sufficient 
water power and the distance from railroads prevent much en- 
gagement in manufactures. Its educational interests have not 
been neglected. It has good schools and an academy, and 
though not possessing any striking.sccnery impresses the visitor 
as a prosperous quiet New England town. 



ASH FORD DIRECTORY. 

POST OFFICE ADDRESS, • - ASHFORD. 

Atwood, O. F. & Co., Percussion Cap Manufacturer 

Austin Thomas, Hat Manufacturer 

Arnold Ezra F. Boot and Shoe Manufacturer 

Butler James, Variety store, 

Bugbee Zenas, Blacksmith. 

Clark ,1). H. Hotel keeper. 

Gilford Jonas, Hat manufacturer. 

Gardner Wm. W. l^lacksmith, 

Jackson Edward, Shoe manufacturer. 

Knowlton Eben, Wagon Maker and Variety Store. 

Lincoln Bwiglit, Tanner and Currier. 

Miller Wm. G. Saw MilTi, and manufacturer Crates.. 

Mathewson Charles, Saw, Shingle and Grist Mill. 

Nevil, Thomas M. Blacksmith. 

Phillips James, Variety Store and Hotel Keeper. 

Smith John C. V/agon Mak3r. 

Squire & Harwood, Saw and Shingle Mill. 

Trowbridge Amos, Saw Mil^. 

Warren cf- Walker, Saw Mill. 

Whittaker Joseph, Saw Mill. 



P. O. ADDRESS— WESTFORD. 

Chism W. D. Saw and Shingle Mill. 

Richmond J. A''ariety Store. 

Westford Glass Co., manufacture Glass -Bottles. 



P. O. ADDRESS—NORTH ASHFORD. 

Taft T. G. Saw Mill. 



TOWN GOVERNMENT, 



CLERK AND TREASURER, 

Benjamin C. Simmons. 

REGISTRAR, 
John H. Simmons. 



SELECTiMEN. 
Horace Gaylord, Stephen Whiton, J. W. Knowlton. 



HISTORY OF BROOKLYN. 



I 
This town cannot claim to be one of the Original Eight 
which formed this county when the county was incorporated,' 
(in 1726) but it is an olTshoot of seventy-five years' growth, 
from the united stocks of Pomfrct and Canterbury. The 
town of Windham is the ancestor of Canterbury and Brook- 
lyn, and the genealogy runs thus : i'lairifield descended from 
Windham, and Canterbury from Piainfield. Brooklyn did not 
- rise at once to the dignity of a town, nor did it at first have 
its present name. In the earliest s^age of its existence, — in 
its embryo stale, so to speak, — it rejoiced in the euphonious | 
name of Mortlake. In 1731, the inhabitants peiitioned to be | 
made a Society, in the following terms: | 

'To the Honorable General Assembly of his Majesties Colony ' 
of Connecticut to be holden in New Raven, Oct. 14, 1731, 
The prayer of the Inhabitants of the North part of the \ 
town of Canterbury and of the South part of the town of I 
Pomfret, humbly shewing to your honours that, ^\■herea!== the | 
General Assembly did, in May last at our request appoint a j 
Committee to view a certain tract of Land in which we dwell | 
and to report to this Assembly, and whereas your Honorable | 
Committee have given their opinion the said tract of Land is j 
not Suitable for a Township, yet have so far considered our 
difficulties as to report to your Honours in favor of our | 
being a Parrish or Society. \\ ee take leave humbly to j)ray 
this Honorable Assembl/ to Compassionate us under our great j 
difficulty, and grant us Parrish Privileges, according to your 
wonted goodness in like cases, on such conditions and to ^uch 
bounds as your honorable Committee have set forth in their 

3 



30 BROOKLYN. 



report to your honours, bearing date the 16th day of Sept. A. 
D. 1731 here described. And we shall as in duty bound ever 
pray <&c." 

This petition was signed by thirty of the inhabitants, and 
an act was pjssed, October, 1731, granting the prayer of the 
petitioners. It does not appear upon what grounds tlie "Hon- 
orable Committee" based their unfavorable opinion of "the 
said tract of Land." Since their time it has certainly become 
a very respectable "tnwni-jhip". 

In 1747, the inhabitants, being desirous of setting up for 
themse ves, petitioned the General Assembly to elevate their 
Society into a Town. This request was refused, and even the 
name of the Society was taken away, so far as the legislature 
! could do it, for the Assembly resolved that it should be called 
; Pom fret. It appears, however, that this resolution was of no 
j efficacy, for the. Society was known as Mortlake till 1754, 
i when the nanie was changed to Brooklyn, and in 1786 it was 
j made a town. In consequence of its position as thegeograph- 
I ical center of the County, the court-house was transferred to it 
I from Wiiidham in 1820. The first church was built in 1734, 
i about ten rods north-west of the side of the one now occupied 
by the Unitarian Society, which was erected in 1771. The 
Eccle.'^iastical Society to which these churches belonged h&d 
i for its pastor the llev. Ephraim Avery, who died in 1754 and 
was suc3eeJed by the w^ell known Dr. Josiah Whitney, whose 
ministrations continued for the long period of 68 years, (from 
1756 to 1824.) The society divided in 1818, in consequence 
of a difFerciice among the members on doctrinal points, some 
holding,to "0/thodox" principles, while others had embraced 
Unitarian views. The Uni arians continued to occupy the 
church, and the Oongregat'.onalists in 1820 built a chapel, in 
whicfi th.^y w.)rshippel until 1832, when the house now occu- 
pied was comjleieJ. Dr. Whitney went with them at the time 
of the sc^}arat on, and continued to be their pastor until his 



BROOKLYN. 31 



j death, in 1824, in the 94th year of his age. His immediate 
j successor was the Rev. An)brose Edson, who was settled in 
I April, 1824, and dismissed in December 1830. The Kev. 
] George J. Tillotson was settled in May, 1831, and dismissed 
I in March, 1858. lie was succeeded by the Rev. C. N. Sey- 
i mour, the present incumbent, who entered upon the duties of 
I his charge in December, 1859. 

I When the division above referred to took place, (in 1817,) 
I the Rev. Luther Willson, at that time the colleague of Dr. 
j Whitney, became pastor to the Unitarian Society, and resigned 
j in 1818. The ordained and Resident Ministers succeeding 
! him are as follows : 

Samuel J. May, 1822. 

George W. Kilton, 1836. 

William Coe, 1837. 

Herman Snow, • 1844. 

Jacob Ferris, 1848. 

George G. Ohanning, 1850. 

Courtland P. De Norraandie, 1852. 

i Henry L. Myrick, 1857. 

George G. Ohanning (the present incumbent) 1860. 
The Episcopal church in this town was built in 1772, and 
i the Rev. Daniel Fogg, the first pastor, took charge of the par- 
I ish the same year. His successors were : 

Rev. G. J. White, 1818, 

" Ezra B. Kellogg, 1828. 

" Josiah M. Bartlett, 1835. 

" R. Camp, (the present pastor,) 1837. 
The Baptist church and society were constituted in 1828, 
and in 1832 purchased the Chapel then owned by the Congre- 
gational Society. They have scarcely had a settled ministry 
until within the last ten years, but a number of ministers have 
furnished temporary and occasional supplies. 



32 BROOKLYN. 



The Rev. John 0. Birdsall preached for the church in 1830 
and '31. 

, Rev. Thomas Huntington was the prinicpal supply in 1832 
—'33 and '34. 

Rev. N. Johnson in 1836. 
Rev. B. N. Harris in 1839— '40. 

In 1844 — '45 and '46 there was no preacher, and the chapel 
was closed. 

In the autumn of 1847 the Rev. E. Loomis commenced his 
labors, and continued to discharge the duties of pastor until 
the spring of 1850. 

The Rev. N. Branch succeeded him for one year. 
The Rev. S. Barrows commenced his ministrations in May, 
1852, and is still connected with the church as their pastor. 

Although one might infer from the name of the town, that 
Brooklyn possessed abundant water privileges, it is not much 
: favored by nature in that regard, and therefore is principally 
I a farming town, doing its full share to uphold the reputation of 
I the county for excellent dairy products, unsurpassable fruit, 
I and whatever else of value the skill and industry of New Eng- 
I land farmers can extract from the soil. In this connection, we 
I may notice the nursery of the Messrs. Dyer, and the horticul- 
1 tural establishment of Dea. E. Newbury, although they hardly 
need to be mentioned, as they are so well known, both in and 
out of the county, for the excellence and completeness of their 
stocks of flowers and trees. 

In the eastern part of the town, upon the Quinebaug River 
is a Cotton Factory,— the Quinebaug Mills— one of the larg- 
i| est and best in the state.. A.t the centre, are the Spectacle 
manufactory of Dea. Newbury, the Gold Pen manufactory of 
the Messrs. Bard, and the Watch Case establishment of Mr. E. 
L. Preston. In the financial department, Brooklyn has a Bank, 
— the Windham County — and an Insurance Companv ; the 
former incorporated in 1822, and the latter in 1826. " Both 
are flourishing institutions. 



BROOKLYN. 33 



There is hardly a town in our land which does not contain 
some mementoes ef onr Revolutionary War. The fields of the 
various conflicts during that struggle, — the birth-places and the 
homes of the heroes, more or less known to fame, who aided in 
maintaining the contest for liberty, — these are sacred spots ; 
and in this hour of our Nation's peril, all reminiscences of the 
times which we are in some sort living over again, are invested 
with renewed interest. The place which was the home ot 
Israel Putnam, and the spot where his remains are sleeping, 
will never cease to be objects of interest to the patriotic Amer- 
ican, and of pride to the inhabitants of too village which gave 
birth to a man who was found wtrthy of the confidence of a 
Washington. Gen. Putnam was born at Salem, Mass., Jan- 
uary 7th, 1718, and died at Brooklyn, May 29th, 1790. 

Brigadier General Tyler, a son of Brooklyn, is one whom 
any town might proudly claim. His father. Capt. Daniel 
Tyler, also a native of this place, '' was a distinguished officer 
of the Revolution, having served as aid to Gen. Putnam and 
Adjutant to the Connecticut regiment while the army was en- 
camped at Cambridge." The General, a worthy son of a pat- 
riotic father, is an officer high in the esteem of those who are 
best qualified to judge of military ability, and is now efficiently 
serving his country in command of a Division. 



3* 



BROOKLYN DIRECTORY, 

F. O. ADDRESS— BROOKLYN. 



Atwood L. S. Grocery store. 

Bard Brothers & Co. Gold Pen manufacturers. j 

Baker Eben, Carpenter and Joiner. 1 

Bassett Dwight, Miller. 

Burton Lewis G. Carpenter and Joiner, 

Burdick C. H||tel Keeper. 

Cleveland C. C. Variety store, 

Clark Elisha, Sash and Blind manufacturer. 

Clark Francis, Tanner and Currier. 

Dyer Paris & Henry A. Nurserymen, 

Davison Septimus, Judge of Probate. 

Fisher, A. F. Cashier Windham County Bank. 

Fuller Uriel, Cleik of Courts. 

Grant B. C. Dry Goods and Groceries. 

Gurnett G. Dry Goods and Groceries. 

Gallup John 2d, President Windham County Bank. 

Harris Erastus P. Wagon Maker and Blacksmith. 

Huntington Thomas, Physician and Surgeon. 

Kenyon Edward P. Blackiimith. • 

Knapping Edwin E Carpenter and Joiner. 

Kendall Waldo, Butcher. 

Kingsley E. Ambrotype and Photograph Artist, 

Luther F. S. Musical Instruments* 

Main E. G. Hotel Keeper, 

Newbury Edwin, Jeweler and Florist. 

Palmer John C. Secretary Insurance Company. 

Preston Enos L. Watch Case manufacturer. 

Pond Enoch, Cabinet Maker. 

Pearl Charles, Harness Maker. 



BROOKLYN. 35 i 



Richmond, A. & Sou, Dry and Fancy Goods, 
Searls Lewis, Wagon maker and "Black smith. 
Tyler Daniel P. Lawyer. 
Whitford Samuel, Tin Ware. 
Whitcomb J. B. Physician and Surgeon. 
Woodbridge William, Physician and Surgeon. 
Woodward W. W. News Dealer. 



F. O. ADDRESS— WEST KILLINGLY. 

Green Joseph K. Dry Goods and Groceries. 
Johnson Andrew, Butcher. 
Kenyon Bradford, Dry Goods and Groceries. 
Tucker Wm. C. Superintendent Quinebaug MilL 



BROOKLYISr 
TOWN GOVERNMENT. 



Clerk, Treasurer and Registrar. 
-Septimus Davison. 



Selectmen^ 
Levi Ross. Willard Lea vans. Jacob Kimball. 



BROOKLYN ADVERTISEMENTS. 



E. NEWBURY, 

GRAPE VINES, STRAWBERRIES, 

I RASPBERRIES, 

j IUal)lia5, jTusfljiao, ©cranium^, 

1^ Roses and all kinds of Bedding Plants, Herbaoious Plants, 



9 

Tulips, Shrubs, Poenies, Flower Seeds, &c. 
BROOKLYN, CT. 



BROOKLYN. 37 



' NEW STORE 

—I N— 



Having I'emoved from Providence, R. T, and taken the store foriajvly 
cccupied by S. Davison & Sou., and supplied the same with a now an d 
general assortment of 



i AND ' 

! GROCERIES, 

i Broadcloths, Cassimsres Union Cioths, Satinet 



i Vestings, Over Coat Cloths, Trimmings, Hosiery, Glo>i',-, 

! Cravats, Stocks, Suspenders, Ribbons, Laces, Dress 

I Goods, Edgings, Embroideries, 

I HATS Sl caps, boots Sl SHOES, 

i Patent Medicines, Flavoring Extracts. Bi^d Seeds, Atwood's oitters, 

I Clarke's and Royce's Sherry Wine Bitters, Spencer's, Wriglit's and , 

; Ayer's Pills; New York Kerosene Oil, Non-Explosive Burning Fluid, J 

\ Lamps, Toilet Soaps, Confectionary, &c., and many other articles { 

i usually called for in a country store. 

I All kinds of G-arments Out and Made in the be st | 

I Manner and the Latest Style. ; 

I Also, for sab, the ALUMINIUM PEN, which gives general ^satisfac- [ 

I tion to all who have used them. 



ii 



!l Q5 



38 BROOKLYN. 



BEOOKLYN HOTEL & LIVERY STABLE, 

Where good teams can be procured at all times. 

C. BURDICK, Agent. 



E. G. MAIN, 
PUTNAM HOUSE, 



J. B. WiilTCOMB, 
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, 

OFFICE :— MAIN STREET. 



H\ S. LXJTHE H, 

Melodeons, Seraphines, Church and Parlor Organs, (Pipe or 

Keed,) Pianos, Flutinas, Accordeons, Violins, &c., 

REPAIRED IN EVERY PART AND TUNED. 



B C GRANT, 

)Dis Mi mm 

Farmino- 'Pools <fec. 



ill umi Mi ^Ma^iS. 



WINDHAM COUNTY BANK, 

JOHN GALLUP, 2d, President. A. F." FISHER, Cashier. 

Office hours, 9 to 12 A. M. and 1 to 4 P. M. 



HISTORY OF CANTERBURY 



;*o*> 



The town of Canterbury was incorporated in October, 1703, 
taking the Western part of the territory of Plainfield, and 
having the Quinebaug river for a dividing line, except that on 
the South, Canterbury extended east of the river so that it 
includes part of the little village of Packerville. Portions of 
the original territory of this town have since been assigned to 
the towns of Brooklyn and Hampton on the north, but its 
limits are now as of old, Scotland on the west and Lisbon on 
the South. It contains about 40 square miles in an irregular 
parallelogram, a'oout 8 miles from north to south and 5 miles 
from east to west. 

The surflice of the town is hilly and abounds in ledges of 
gneiss and granite. The soil is best adapted to pasturage, al- 
though in the eastern part there is some excellent land for 
tillage, especially along the Quinebaug. The people have 
always been engaged chiefly in agriculture, no large factories 
having been established within the town. The population has 
therefore insreasei vary little for the last fifty years,^ standing 
during that period at about 1G50. 

The first settlements made on this territory were made about 
1690, by men who came in part from older towns in the vicin- 
ity, but mostly from Massachusetts. A le: ding man was 
Maj. James P'itch, eldest son of Rev. James Fitch of Norwich 
a large land-holder and influential personage in the colony at 
that time; with him there came from Norwich individuals be- 



40 CANTEIIBUIIJ. 



longing to the Adams, Backus, Bradford and Tracy families. 
There were aUo Adamt-es from Medfield, Browns, Cleav- 
lands andSpaldirgs from Chelmsford, Hydes and Woodwards 
from Newton, Frosts from Charlestown, Davenports from 
I'orchester, Baldwins from Woburn, and Paynes from East- 
ham. 

These settlers first established themselves along the river 
valley and slowly spread themselves back on the less inviting 
hills in the Western part of the town. Included at first with 
Plainfield, they participated in the endeavors of that people 
for the settlement of the ministry among ihem, and at one 
time claimed that the services of their first minister, Rev. 
Joseph Coit, should be divided equally between the two sides i 
of the Quincbaug. With a view to their accommodation, it ■ 
was proposed to build the Plainfield meeting house on the top i 
of Block Hill, a ridge which rise.s immediately from the east- i 
ern bank of the Quinebaug, opposite the vi lage of Canter- ; 
bury. But a division of the town was preferred, and secured, i 
as above-mentioned, in 17 ( 3, nearly two years before the ordi- I 
nation of Mr. Coit as pastor. I 

The people of Canterbury now proceeded* independently, to , 
the settlement of their ecclesiastical affairs. In 1705 Robert 1 
Green, for thirty shillings, deeded to the inhabitants of the j 
town, three acres and a half, on a hill near his house, " to 
build and erect a meeting house on, or for training or any other 
use the said inhabitants of Canterbury shall see cause for." — 
This is the plot of ground long known as " Canterbury Grreen," 
which has been from the beginning, the site of the meeting 
house of the first ecclesiastical society. No record remains to 
show when the first house of Worship was erected, but we 
find that in 1719 the selectmen were ordered to " get the 
meeting house glazed at the town's charge." 

At an early date, Mr. Samuel Estabrook, a graduate of j 
Harvard College, and son of the pastor of Concord, Mass., I 



CANTERBURY. 41 



was employed as a minister, and on the 13th of June, 1711, 
he was ordained pastor of a church that day organized. The 
elders or pastors present and assisting on this occasion, were 
Kevs. Samuel Whitney, of \Vindhani; John Woodward, of 
Norwich; Salmon Treat, of Preston ; and Joseph Coit, of 
Plainfield. The chai-ge which Mr. Estabrooks then received, 
he retained until his death, which occurred June 2(3th, 17'27, 
at the age of fifty-three. The place thus vacated, was filled 
September 3d, 1729, by the ordination ot Mr. John Wads- 
worth, a native of Milton, Mass. and graduate of Harvard 
College. He continued in charge until^May 27th, 1741, when 
he resigned in consequence of charges seriously- affecting his 
)-cputation. 

Daring his ministry, the second meeting house on the Green 
was built, the expense being partly defrayed by the proc^.eds 
of some town lands : this was- in tho course of 1731-'35. 

About the time of Mr. Wadsworth's departure, there 
occurred one of the most powerful and extensive religious 
awakenings ever known in this country. The people of this 
town were not a little affcsted by it, and a division of sentiment 
that arose thereabouts, prepared the way for divided action 
with regard to a new pastor. The pulpit had been supplied by 
various persons for a while, but in June, 1744, Mr. James 
Cogswell, a native of Saybrook, and a graduate of Yale College, | 
was employed as a candidate. On the question of settling hira, 
an open schism took place, about half of the cimrch separating 
permanently from their brethren. Notwithstanding this, how- 
ever, Mr, Cogswell was ordained by the consociation, after 
careful deliberation, Deczmber 28, 1744, and continued in the 
pastorate nearly 27 years, much longer than any other pastor 
of the same church, and retired at length to accept a similar 
office in the neighboring parish of Scotland. During the long 
and dark period of 1770-'83, the church remained dependant 
upon supplies, which were often changed and probably some- 
times failed altogether. 

4 



42 CAXTEKDUIIY. 



The pastor next iiistallcJ, was llev. Solomon Moi-nn, who 
contii.uod until 1737, and was followoJ by other canilklatcs an.l 
gui,3lics for about eleven years. 

In 1803-5, the third hou^c of worship was erected or. (ho 
Gieoii, part of the cost being pa'd by the avails of a lottery, 
g anted for the purpose by the Legislature. Since then tljerc 
liavc been tlie following pastors in suc:;cssion : — 

Tvcv. George Leonard, from Fob. 18^)8, to Aug. 1810 ; Tvev. 
AsaMcech from O^t. 1812, to ?tiay, 18:22 ; llev. Thomas J. 
JMurdock, from Nov. 1822, till his death Dje. 15th. 182(3. at 
the age of 315 ; Kev. J«imes 11. WhclocA, from Dec. 1827, to 
April 182D; llev. Dennis Plain from March 1830, to Janaaiy 
1833; Kjv. Otis (J. Whitoi,' from June, 1835 to January 
1837; Kev. Charles J. Warren, from Sept. 1837, to April | 
i 1840 ; Rev. Walter Clarke, from May 1842. to May 1845 
llev. lljbert C. Learned, from Dec. 1847, to Nov. 1858; : 
Ivcv. Charles P. Grosvevor, from March 185D to the pre.^c.it ' 
time. I 

It was intimated above that about the time of xMr. Cogswell's j 
ordination, a part of the people formed a new ecclesiastical or- | 
ganization. They claimed, indeed, to be the original church of 
Canterbury, and retained the ancient book oF records; but 
they were commonly known as the Separate Church, or perhaps 
the Strict Congi-egational Church of Canterbury. This in 
fact was the first of a number of churches that were organized 
about this time, not differing materially in theory, from tnc 
congregational cliurchcs of the present day, but more evangel- 
ic in sentiment, and more enthusiastic in their practice, than 
wctrc these same churches and their pastors at that time. They 
were necessarily independent of all patronnge from the civil 
authority, and were wont to oppose with gicat force of lan- 
gnagc, the system of ministerial rates, as then practiced. — 
Gradually some of their views came into general acceptance, 
and tho others were abandoned by them, until at length they 



I CANTKUnUilY. 43 



i we.-c (l:;^holvod. or uiiit-jd with otiuu- douoiu'.iiiitions. T.uis tlic 

! So3:iratc Ciiurc'i in C.inter'rary, ar'tera vigorous outset, tUuMii'i' 

j wMch, t!iey created a inciting house on tlu liig!i groand west 

1 of the G.-eeii, and chose for the:uselves a pastor out oF their 

i own iiunibc-, — Her. Salomon Payne, ordained Sept. 174G, nnd 

I del 03i. 2)th, 1754, — began soon to lose ground. They in- 

j dec! chose a second pastur, Hev. Joseph M:irshall, ordained 

I A )ri!, 1730, and disnr.sse;] A;>ril, 1708, but were never after- 

I wards so provided. It is dlffi:;u!t indeed to trace their history 

i particihrrly. About If JO, they removed their ni3eting house to 

j the "North Suciet3%" so called, where it btood until the winter 

I oi'l 52-'J3, v.'hen it was taken down, having been some time 

I in a ruinous condition. Various ministers had indued been cni- 

p'oycJ by the people in that vlj.iiiity at d'.ffjrent periods, but 

j the church had long sin33 wa-sted away. 

Just before Mr. Cogswell's disaiission from the First 

I Church, the Society oF W^Sstuiinstcr was incorporated by ihe 

j Ge;i.eral /■ sscmbly, ineluding all the western part of the 

j town, cxeepfc a small j)ortion already embraced in Hanover 

j Societ\, Lisbon. 'I ho Church was gathered in Ih's Soci3ty, 

I No.-ember 20, 1770 an 1 his hil five pastors, llev. John 

j Staples, a native oF Taunton, 31ass., and g,:aduate oF New^ 

I Jo:o:'y College, was ordained April 17,177-, and contiiuicd 

i his care of the Church til! h-'s death, which was occasioned by 

I a putrid fever, Feb. lo. 1804, in the Gist year of his age. 

J lv2V. E.-astus Learned, a native oF Killing'y. and graJaatc of 

I B.-own University, had bje i pastor at Charlton, Mass., was 

I installed at Westminster, Fob. G, 1803, aiid continued in 

1 charge till his death, Jan. :,0, 1824. Her. Israel Gurley 

I l\ose, v;-ho v\"as a native cf Coventry, and a graduate of Yale 

I College, was ordained at Westminste;*, Marcli 9, 1825, and 

j dismissed Oct. 11, 1881. Kjv. Asa King, a native of Marsh- 

I fuld, had been pastor at Pomh-et and Killinoiworth, before he 

v.'as installed at Westminster, Jan. 23, 1833, wiiere he died 

I D22.2, 1849 in his 80th year. Uov. Iteuben S. Ila2en,a native 



44 CANTERBURY. 

I of Danbridge, Vt., and graduate of Yale Ooll?;ge, was pastor at 
I Agawam, Mass., and Barkhamsted, before he was installed at 
'] Westminster Sept. 26th, 1849, where he still continues. 

Other religious denominations have not flourished in this 
town. A Methodist class was organized many years since and 
then dissolved. Again reviving, this people held their meetings 
for some years in the Town House near the center oi the town, 
and in 1858, removed to a house in the village, which had been 
erected about 14 years previously by parties attached to the 
Universalist faith. They are now, regularly supplied with 
preachers by the Providence Conference. 

A number of Baptist families in Canterbury attend meeting 
at Packerville and Unionviile in Plainfield, but no other de- 
nomination has ever had a settled habitation in the Town. 

Of the literary history of the town there is no need to speak 
largely. The public schools were at first kept in private houses, 
and sometimes the ssune teacher migrated from neighborhood 
to neighborhood, teaching perhaps ten weeks at Obediah 
Johnson's, four weeks at Edward Raynsford's, and six weeks at 
Deliverance Brown's. By degrees the town fell into the dis- 
trict system, so long followed in Connecticut. No incorporated j 
academy was ever established in Canterbury. Schools, depend- | 
ent on the energy of individuals, have, at various times, been : 
started and flourished for a season. This was the case in the ! 
early part of the century, when master John Adams began in i 
his native town a career in instruction, which he afterwards | 
continued with credit and usefulness in riaiufield, in Colchester \ 
and in Andover, Mass. Again, somewhat more than twenty ; 
years since, Mi«s Prudence Crandall established in this town a ' 
' boarding school for young ladies, which her interest in the 
I colored race, induced her to convert into a school for special . 
': benefit. So displeasing was this latter arrangement to the j 
j people of the town that measures were successfully taken to ; 
break up the school by the enactment and enforcement of a \ 
special statute law, for " such cases made and provided.,' ! 



CANTERBURY. 45 



Of the civil and political history of the town, there is little 
need to speak. It bore its full share in the toils and trials of 
the Revolutionary war, furnishing according to tradition some 
thirty men for the army. 

If there were space to enter into details about individuals or 
families, it might be shown that this town has furnished a good- 
ly number of men to do service in various departments of 
human labor. Some thirty Congregytional clergymen have 
originated here, besides some of other denominations. But 
such particulars must needs be omitted. 



CANTERBURY 

TOWN GOVERNMENT, 



Vlerky Treasurer and Registrar, 
Marvin H. Sanger. 



Selectmen, 

Marshall Smith, Henry Kendall, Charles Adams, C. W. Goff, 

L. N. Apley. 



4* 



CANTERBURY DIRECTORY. 

P. O. ADDRESS,— CANTERBURY. 

Ames i3rothers, Carpenters and Builders. 

Adams ] errin, Mason. 

Baldwin Elijah, Physician and Surgeon. 

Baldwin 1- lijah Jr., Physician and Surgeon, 

Baldwin Rufus, Carpenter. 

Bennett Charles, Carpenter. 

Barber Smith, Physician and Surgeon. 

Bond Daniel H. Shoe Maker. 

Congdon Frederick, Hlacksntith. 

Crandall Hezekiah, manufacturer of Kope Yarn. 

Eldridge John D. Painter. 

Eldridge John C. Batting Mill and Agricultural Imple- 

nient3. 
Eaton M. L. F. Shingle manufacturer. 
Gordon Wm.'H. Dry'Ooods and Groceries. 
Jencks E. M. Hotel Keeper. 
Kenyon Kodman, Grist Mill. 
Palmer Joseph, Physician and Surgeon, 
llobinson S. P. Judge of ]*robate. 
Smith Wachmgton, J5!ack,sniith. 
Smith John, Cotton Yarn and Twine manufacturer. 
Sanger Marvin H. Dry Goods and Groceries. 
Sweet Robert L. Carpenter. 
Satford Thomas, Saw and Shingle Mill. 
SafFord Dwight, Saw, Shingle and Clover Mill. 

P. 0~ADDRESS— WESTMINSTER, 

Backus Isaac, Stove manufacturer. 

Brown Waterman, Carriage manufacturer. 

Hyde Nehemiah, manufacturer of Children's Carriages. 

Park Norman, manufacturer of Agricultural Implements. 

Robinson, Fowler & Co., manufacturer of Hollow Ware, 

Stoves and x\gricultural Implements. 
Smith Eleazer, Saw, Shingle and Cardirg Mill. 
Spicer Peter, AVheel manufacturer. 

~ P. o7 ADDRESS— PLAINFIELD. 
Leavens J. & Son., Cotton goods manufacturers. 



HISTORY OF CHAPUN. 



GiiAPLTN is one of the young towns of the county, its birth 
dating in the present century. It was incorporated into a town 
in 1822, taking parts of the towns of Man&field, Hampton, and 
Windham. The principal part had existed since 1809 as a 
parish in the town of Mansfield and took its name from Dea. 
Benjamin Chaplin, who left a donation to be used for the bene- 
fit of the societ3^ 

A few years since great attention was paid in this and neigh- 
boring towns, to the culture of the Mulberry and the raising 
of silk worms. Every farm had its orchard and all the females 
were engaged in the feeding ^and care of the worms, but of late 
years this branch of agriculture has almost wholly died out. 

The town is intersected by the Natchaug river, a never fail- 
ing stream of water, which passes through it diagonally from 
the northeast to the southwest. On this stream are many val- 
uable mill-seats, and eligible sites for factories or water- works 
of any description. The surface of the town is generally un- 
even, with a soil considerably strong and fertile, particularly in 
the valley of the Natchaug, where may be foiund as good land 
as in any part of the state. The distance from Brooklyn, the 
county seat, is 11 miles, from Norwich 22 miles, from Hartford 
33 miles. 

Among the original settlers in the easterly section of Mans- 
field, was Deacon Benjamin Chaplin, who removed from that 
part of the town of Hampton which formerly belonged to 



i 48 CUAPLIN. 



Pomfret, and located himself near where the meeting house 
DOW stands, in the present town of Chaplin. To his energetic 
efforts, in a great measure, was owing the formation of .a society 
here, which was incorporated by the Legislature in 1809, and 
called Chaplin, after -the name of its friend and benefactor. 
In 1822, this ^society obtained an act of incorporation, as a 
town, by its present name. A church was formed here. May 
31st, 1810, with whom the Rev. David Avery labored £s an 
evangeli.st some length of time: but it remained without any 
settled minister until the year 1820, when the Kev Jarcd 
Anilrus was ordained as pastor. His minittry continued ten 
years, when he was dismissed in consequence of some dissatis- 
faction among the people of his charge. His successor, Rev. 
Lent S. Hough, was ordained August 17th, 1831, and contin- 
ued as stated pastor till December 20th, 1830, when he was 
dismissed in compliance with his own request. The present 
pastor is Rev. Francis Williams. 'Ihc Ecclesiastical Society 
here have a permanent fund, amounting to $5,000, secured by 
bond and mortgage, the interest of which is devoted "toward 
the support of the gospel ministry." Among the principal do- 
nors of this fund was Dv3a. Benjamin Chaplin, who contributed 
the sum of £300. In works of benevolence and ch::rity, Dea. 
Chaplin was ever tound among the foremost of his day. He 
was an economist of the " old school," and the strict attention 
wth which he raanagod his farm and all his domestic concerns, 
enabled him to accumulaie wealth rapidly, and to add yearly 
to his possessions, until he became the- owner at one time of 
3,000 acres of it»nd, including a very considerable part of the 
town which now bears his name. 



CIMPLIN DIRECTORY 

P. O. ADDRESS— CHAPLIN. 

Bill Lester, Grocery Store. 

Canada Harlen, Merchant. 

Dickey & Canada, Paper manufacturers. 

Eaton Edwin, Carpenter. 

Griggs D. A. & N. Spindles and Plow wood.^ 

Lincoln Allen, Variety Store. 

Rindge Erastus, Variety Store. 

Spafford & Co., Wagon Makers. 

Witter Orrin, Physician and Surgeon. 

Witter Orrin Jr., Physician and Surgeon. 



TOWN GOVEJR NM ENT, 

Clerk and Treasurer ^ 
Erastus Rindge. 

Registrar, 
Orrin Witter. 



Selectmen, 
David A. Griggs, -Beth S. Chapman, John S. Ross. 



I-nSTOR^' '"^^' ^•A^-1'FOIll). 



Tins town was Oiig'ii:i!ly a Parish in tlio town cf A>ih?jr(], ; 
and its eirly history is 1 lj.jti::.ri with t'lit to.vii. 

The Cmroh vfixs ibnncLl Sejt. 2BJ, 17/8. Its Paj^torB have ; 
been as follows: " I 

Aijcirew Jnu^-n nri-l-.;.,cd Doc-eni'jGr 13th, 1778, dicl Nov- j 
! 15th IbO:. 

I Iloliis L-ur.r,^D, iiibtiillcd Dec. Gth, 1S09, clismis^cl May ! 
i 1^, VSVo.. \ .1 

! iljLihGii Torrcy, ordainGJ Juno 1, 1820, cKsuiissoJ April 2.\ > 
1 1840. ' I 

i Fi-avjcis Wiiliam?-'. crdahicd Jfe)tc;iibei-20[h., 1841, dismisscJ j 
I November '1-2. 1851. ' 

! (Jiai-:e.i j:unhe.-lii., installed A^)ril 14, 1858. 

'i'he town cfK.istrord was incorporated in 1847. 1 inciados 

in adJiiion to the ori jnal Jvistford soeicty a part of the Ash- 

i ford soelety. The town has more varied a:id beautifal scenery 

i than Ashford, though possessing- the same general featn/es. — 

I C.y>slal Pond, a bj.iutifLd sheet of water in the northern part 

oft'iie town, is, as it has been for years, a favorite resort for 

plcasiyrc parties from this and iieighbt^ring places. 

One of the most striking natural features ofthe town is "The 
Djv'.i's R^ek" a largs Gut reck just above the FiyTace of the , 
g.-outid, having on its top a num')er of tracks indented into t'ae || i 
stone, evidently nmde when it was in a soft state. There arc 
Tracks of men, doxs c)ws, shecj and box-?, and in one place a 



CHAPLIN. 



.1 



mark of a cloven foot, said to bo that of the "Gentleman in | 

Blask". The whole forms one of the usost remarkable natural ; 

curiosities in the State. | 

Eastford h:is,hacl her share of the distinguished men who | 

liave o-onc out from this count v to do honor to themselveu and , 

to the place of their birth. (>. A. Grow, of Pennsylvania, a ; 

distinguished member of Cong:-osp, and the speaker of the | 

Into Extra Session, v^as born here. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, j 

who has borne suah a distinguished part during the late troubles j i 

in 3Iis.-ouri, and has fallen, bravely fighting at the head of his 

men, was also a native of the place. He was a relative by 

I his mother, to the brave Col. Thomas Kncwlton, of llcvoki- 

I tionary memory, and was a gallant and efficient cffic-cr. 

The teacher, who had charge of the district school, to which 
Gen. Lyon went when a boy, is still living, and represents him 
as a lad of uncommon industry and perseverance. Though so 
lately brought to notice, his brilliant career had turned upon 
him the eves of a nation. His death has been felt as a natioii- 
al loss. The town and county which gave him to his country, 
will ever preserve his memory by the side of a Putnam and a 
Knowlton. 



EASTFORD DIRECTORY, 

P. O. ADDRESS— EASTFORD. 



Arnold Ezra P. Boots and Shoes. 

Burnham H. B. Variety Store. 

Chapin Darius, Blacksmith. 

Cheney Wm. E. Wagon Maker. 

Porsctt George Store and Hotel. 

Keith J. j\l. & Co., Stocking Yarn iranufacturers. 

Skinner Jonas, 3Iattrass manutacturer. 

Sly Mansfield, Saw and Grist mil). 



P. O. ADDRESS— NORTH ASHFORD. 

Allen Z. N. Variety Store. 

'Morse Orin, Saw and Shingle mill. 



P. O. ADDRESS— FHCENIXVILLE, 

Latham Joseph B. Saw and Grist mill. 
Potter A. H. Saw and Grist mill, 
Wheaton S, Variety Store. 



EASTFORD TOWN GOVERNMENT 



Clerk and Treamrer, 
Joseph D. Barrows. 



Registrar. 
John B. Adams. 



Selectmen. 
Jos. B. Latham, Ezra Arnold, Horatio Carpenter. 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON, 



Hampton was Incorporated as a town in 1786, It was 
mostly formed from the second society of Windham, which 
was formed as a society in 1720, and was called Kennedy or 
Windham village. The place appears to have been so named 
from a Mr. Kennedy, who with his family were the first settlers 
in the society. They located themselves about two miles 
south of the Congregational ckurcho It is believed that the 
first settlers came into this town about the year 1708. John 
Clark, the fourth settler, located himself nearly two miles 
northwest from the centre; Nathaniel Flint, one mile and a half 
to the southeast ; William and John Durkee, and Greorge Mar- 
tin, near the centre ; Nathaniel Kingsbury located him«elf 
about three miles to the northwest. Daniel Denison, two 
miles north ; James Utley, two miles and a half, and Ebenezer 
Griffin, one mile and a half to the northeast. Benjamin Bed- 
lock, John Preston and John Holt, were also among the first 
settlers. The first meeting house lasted till 1754, when it 
was removed and a new one erected, which is the church now 
standing. 

"The Congregational church in Hampton was organized 
J'une 5th, 1723, consisting of 17 members, the descendants of 
many of which are yet inhabitants of the town. Upon the 
same day. Rev. William Billings was ordained their pastor. 
He died May 22d, 1733, aged 36 years. His successor, Bev. 
Samuel Mosely, was ordained May 15th, 1734, and die(^ July 



54 HAMPTON. 



26, 1791, in the 83d year of his age and 57th year of his min- 
istry. Rev. Ludovicus Weld, the next pastor, was ordained 
Oct. 27th, 1792, and at his request, in consequence of ill 
"health, was dismissed March 2d, 1824." Rev. Daniel G. 
Spragiie, was installed May 26th, 1824. 
The present pastor is Rev. (jJeorge Soiile. 
The surface of the town is uneven, being considerably hilly. 
The soil is a gravelly loam, considei-ably strong and fertile, 
and is well adapted for grazing. Agriculture is the principal 
business of the inhabitants. The principal and central village 
of the town is situated on the summit of a considerably eleva- 
ted hill, 35 miles from Hartford and 6 from Brooklyn. The 
first mail opened in Hampton was on January 31st, 1820. 

About forty five years since, a sect of reformers, calling 
themselves Ckrist-ians, caused considerable excitement in this 
and some of the adjoining towns. They had a house of worship 
in this town, called the Goshen meeting house, (from a neigh- 
borhood of that name,) about two miles westerly from the cen- 
tre of the town. They appear to have been extravagant in 
their manner of conducting their meetings : it is stated that 
they were so noisy as to be heard the distance of two miles. 
It is also stated, that in order to humble themselves, and be- 
come literally like little children, they have been known to 
crawl or creep on the floor, roll over one another, &c. In 
some cases they would so far neglect their worldly business as 
to leave their cows unrailked, &c. A Mr. Smith and Mr. 
Varnum, appear to have been their principal preachers, or 
leaders. Varnum induced some^of the people, over whom he 
had a great influence, to move with him to Ohio, and there es- 
tablish a pure and holy church, and enjoy a kind of Paradise 
on earth. The people, however, that went with him, were 
generally miserably disappointed; Varnum turned Shaker, 
and advised those over whom he had influence to follow his 
example, which was to some extent followed. 



nAMProN. 55 

The first Christ-iam come to Hampton in 1816 : they 
were also called Smithites, from one Elias Smith, who appears 
to have been one of the founders of this se^t. Varnum preten- 
ded to have soeslal revelations from God, that such and such j 
persons must give him some particular article, or a sum of j 
money. In one instance, he went to a man who was then a | 
justice of the peace, and told him that it was revealed to him, | 
that he must give him his horse. The justice, thinking this | 
rather a hard requis'tion, as he had already given him consid- \ 
erable in this way, asked if one half would not do, as the horse | 
was a valuable one. Varnum reluctantly consented, on the i 
ground that the revelation went for the whole ; he however j 
promised the owner of the horse, that he would pay him back I 
one half its value. Varnum took the horse and went off, but | 
never fulfilled his promise. Varnum induced his followers, | 
both male and female, old and young, to make a full confession | 
of their sins in public, without regard to any of the generally \ 
received opinions of propriety or decency. 



HAMPTON TOWN GOVERNMENT, 



Clerk, Treasurer and Registrar. 
Edtrar H. Newton. 



Selectmen^ 
Patrick H. Pearl, Alfred Hammond, Jere Church. 



HAMPTON DIRECTORY, 

P. O' ADDRESS— HAMPTON. 



Brown Wm. & Son, Dry Goods and Groceries, 

Button Chas. C. Harness maker. 

Bagington Leander, Machinist. 

Cadj Elijah, Blacksmith. 

Cleveland C. F. Attorney at Law. 

Fuller J. H. Blacksmith. 

Greenslit David, High Sheriff. 

Holt Newton M. Harness Maker. 

Holt George M. Carpenter and Joiner, 

Hughes Dyer, Physician and Surgeon. 

Litchfield Andrew M. Dealer in lumber. 

Mosely E. S. Fancy Pin Manufacturer. 

Snow G. G. Hotel Keeper. 

Tiffany H. D. Grocery Store. 

Williams Roger S. Blacksmith. 



SHERIFF OF WINDHAM COUNTY. 

OFFICE,— IN C. F. CLEVELAND'S OFFICE. 

ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT LAW. 

HAMPTON, CT. 



HISTORY OF KILLINGLY, 



KiLLiNGLY was first settled about the year 1700. An act 
was passed in 1708, granting the inhabitants the privileges and 
immunities of a township, which then included in its limits the 
town of Thompson. The land was purchased of the colony, 
and the grant was signed by Gov. Saltonstall at New Haven, 
Oct. 13th, 1709. 

Among the early settlers, whose descendants inhabit the same 
spot, were Messrs. Joseph Cady, James Danielson, Sampson 
Howe, and Ephraim Warren. The first white person buried 
here, was a female of Mr. Cady's family, the precise year of 
her death is forgotten. Her grave is still to be seen ; but as it 
always happens in early settlements, the graves of that period 
were left without any inscription. The oldest date to be found 
is 1720, and marks the burial of an individual of the same 
family. 

The first settlers were all athletic men, and inured to hard- 
ships ; yet they made but little improvement, on account of the 
roughness of the soil and the depredations of the Indians. The 
aborigines of this part of the country, were a branch of the. 
Nipmuck tribe, who were acknowledged to be less fierce and 
warlike than the Pequots ; but though the lives of the settlers 
were not often endangered, yet they suffered great annoyance 
from their savage neighbors, who, being deprived of most of 
their game by the progress of the settlement,thought themselves 
justified in requiring the balance in the form of provisions, 
which the whites dared not refuse, notwithstanding the daily 

5# 



58 KILLINGLY. 



call of their red friends. These sons of the forest soicetimes | 
travelled in companies of fifty or sixty, and took up their (^lar- \ 
ters at one house. They seldom showed violence to the inmates ■ 
to obtain admission, yet they often employed" artifice with won- i 
derful success. For after they had been kept over night, eight | 
or nine more would be found the next morning, whom they had | 
contrived to conceal with their Pappooses, thus making their | 
number apparently smaller than it really was, in order to gain 
admission more readily. While the whites and Indians in this j 
manner had constant communication, and were on friendly 
terms with each other, they used to engage in favorite sports, 
by which they tested their comparative strength and ability. ; 
In this respect the whites were in no degree inferior to the red 
men. As an example we may mention the following circum- 
stance : — 

Mr. Gady, soon after his arrival, was one day mowing in his 
lot at the foot of Mashentuok hill, when an Indian came from j 
an adjoining wood, and expressed a desire to try a wrestling • 
match with the white man. Cadjs without hesitation, dropped j 
his scythe and grappled with his savage friend, who struggled | 
long andliard to throw him down. But he, knowing that by a ; 
display of strength and skill he might render the Indians less i 
prone to hostility, was determined not to be worsted in this en- , 
counter ; he made a desperate effort, and succeeded in throw- j 
ing his antagonist. But unexpectedly the head oJ the Indian 
struck on the points of the stubs of the brush just mown, which 
pierced his skull and killed him iiiiitantly. 

Many of these Indians embraced Christianity, and became ! 
partially civilized. The celebrated Sampson Cecum, of the , 
Mohegan tribe, preached among them a few times. But the 
continual wars they had with other tribes, made it impossible j | 
to persuade many of them to conform to the precepts ot the i i 
Gospel. As already intimated, the aborigines of this quarter , j 
were less fierce and warlike than the Pequots ; yet the settlers ! 
were not entirely unprotected in case of sudden emergency, j 
which had some influence in keeping their savage neighbors at I 



KTLTJNGLY 



59 



peace. Two forts were built at the north parish and another 
at Danielsonvilie. 

On only one occasion were the whites in danger. A war like 
tribe came from the country south of Killinglj^ with the inten- 
tion of murdering the whole white population. They arrived 
at a plain a quarter of a mile north of x\lexander's Lake, and 
encamped beneath a large white oak tree, The settlers be"ng 
apprised of their arrival, were busy in preparation for defence. 
One of them, in the mean time, sallied forth alone to the spot 
where the red men were assembled. At the same moment the 
Sachem was seen climbing the oak to reconnoitre the country. 
He had scarcely time to look, when he felt the ballet of the set- 
tler, who, knowing him to be the chief, had deliberately raised 
his musket, and given him a fatal wound. Though the indi- 
vidual who did this bold act was alone, yet the Indians, fear- 
ing that more lay concealed, and bein^- without a leader, gave 
up the expedition. The same day, troops arrived from Massa- 
chusetts, and encamped over night en the plain which the In- 
dians had abandoned. The next day, they proceeded in pur- 
suit of the enemy, after burying one of their number, who had 
died of sickness. 

Though the Indians of this quarter did not greatly annoy the 
whites, yet they frequently had quarrels with other tribes. — 
The following tradition illustrates this. 

The Narragansetts residing near Stonington, on the sea shore, 
invited the Nipmucks to come down and attend a feast of shell 
fish. The invitation was accepted, they partook of the fish, 
were highly pleased, and in return invited the Narragansetts 
to come up and partake of a feast of lamprey eels, which was 
to be ready after "two moons". At the appointed time, a con- 
siderable portion of the tribe, leaving their squaws behind to 
cultivate the ground, proceeded on their way to share the hos- 
pitality of their friends in Killingly. They arrived in safety, 
and found the feast all prepared. Both parties seated them- 
selves on log^, and the squaws were ordered to bring forward 
the fish in the kettles in which they had been cooked. A con- 



60 



KILLINGLY. 



venient supply was then provided for each of the guests, who, 
perceiving that they were cooked without dressing, were disgust- 
ed, and refused to partake. As it was too late to remedy the 
matter, there was a pause. Ashamed and vexed to think they 
had invited the Narragansetts to travel thirty miles to attend 
a feast of which they could not partake, the Nipmucks proceed- 
ed to hard words, to which their guests retorted with too much 
spirit to be borne. The JNipmucks seized their weapons, and 
attacked their guests, who were unarmed. Many Nipmucks fell, 
but of the Narragansetts all perished but two, who crossed the 
Quinnebaug and fled to their tribe, bearing the news of the 
massacre. 

Not long after, the remaining portion of the tribe came up, 
armed with bows and arrows, to avenge the slaughter of their 
countrymen. Their march was on the western side of the Quin- 
ebaug in Brooklyn, till they arrived about half a mile below 
Danielfeonville, Avhere the Nipmucks were encamped on the east 
side of the river. The latter saw them coming, and hastened 
to give them battle ; being warmly received, however, they 
dug a trench in the sandy soil on the bank of the river, and re- 
pelled the Narragansetts, who, being unable to cross, entrench- 
ed themselves on the other side. Both parties, being greatly 
exasperated, continued fighting three days. The surviving 
Narragansetts, at the end of the third dayffc retreated, leaving 
the Nipmuck«! to bury their dead. The tradition adds, that on 
account of the transaction, the earth around the spot was blast- 
ed by a curse, so that to this day not a blade of grass will , 
grow over the bodies of the murdered Narragansetts. 

By such petty contests and the treachery of the whites, the 
Indians of this part of the country have gradually passed away. 
Within the memory of those still living, an aged and pious fe- 
male, named Martha, the last lineal descendant of the tribe re- 
siding here, has gone to repose in the burial place of her race, 
and no red people have been seen here since, except occasional- 
ly in small bands for the purpose of fishing. 

The first meeting house erected in Killingly. stood on a plain 
a quarter of a mile south of the present building at the north 
parish. It was subsequently removed to the spot on Break- 



KILINGLY. 61 



neck hill, given to the town as a burial ground by Mr. Eliezer 
Warren. Afterwards it occupied the ground where the town 
house now stands, at which place one of its pastors was Mr. 
Burroughs, father of the celebrated rogue. The present build- 
ing, which stands at the north parish, is placed on the highest 
ground in Killingly, (now East Putnam), in view of Thompson 
and Pomfret meeting houses. The first pastor was Rev. John 
Fisk. It contained at its organization, Oct. 19th, 1715, eleven 
uiembers. 

Two olher churches were subsequently organized, one at 
Westfield, and another at the south parish, and were all of the 
Congregational denomination. The church edifice of the West- 
field society, was taken down in 1855, and a nev/ one erected 
at a little distance from the site of the first one, in the village 
of West Killingly, one of tiie most beautiful and commodious 
houses of worship in the county or state. 

The first meeting relative to the formation of this church 
organization was held June 29th, 1801, and an ecclesiastical 
council was convened Aug. 25tli, 1801, when the church was 
formed, consisting of thirteen members. 

Hev. Gordon Johnson, the first pastor, was ordained and in- 
stalled Dec. 12th, 1801, and dismissed January, 1809. 

Hev. Roswell VVhitmore, ordained and installed January 13, 
1813, and dismissed May 2, 1843. 

Rev. Thomas O. Rice, ordained and installed January 1st 
1845, and dismissed March 25th, 1856. 

Rev. T. T. Waterman, installed January 20th, 1858, and 
dismissed January 30th, 1861. 

Rev. W. W. Davenport, ordained and installed August 21st 
1861. 

A curious fact is related of' one of the first pastors of the 

north parish church, who was accustomed to keep credit of the 

presents made him by his parishoners. In reading the credits 

j for one week, it was found they consisted of four lines, making 



! 62 KILLINGLY. 



an harmonious couplet with perfect rhyme and measure. We 
give it in the form current at the present clay : — 

Nell Alexander - - a few little fishes 
David Co])p - - a goose 

, Sampson Howe - - a junk of beef 

J. Dean - - - a pair of shoes ! 

The most delightful portion of Killingly, in respect to sce- 
nery is around a small sheet of water, with an outlet to the 
Quinebiug, lying in the western part of the town, formerly 
known to the Indians as Lake Mashapaug, but now called Alex- 
ander's Lake. To account for the origin of this lake, a singu- 
lar tradition has been handed down to us by the aborigines. It 
|j is as follows : — 

j In ancient times, when the red men had long enjoyed 
jj prosperity, when they had found plenty of game in the woods, 
I; and fish in the pond and rivers, tiiey at length fixed a time for 
j '. a general powow, a sort of festival for eating, drinking, smoking, 
I' singing and dancing. The spot chosen for this purpose was a 
jl sandy hill, or mountain, covered with tall pines, occupying the 
j situation where the lake now lies. The pow-wow lasted four 
days in succession, and was to continue longer, had not the 
Great Spirit, enraged at the licentiousness which prevailed 
there, resolved to punish them. Accordingly, while the red 
people in immense numbers were capering about upon the sum- 
mit of the mountain, it suddenly " gave way " beneath them, 
and sunk to a great depth, when the water from below rushed 
ij up and covered them all, except one good old squaw, who oc- 
|j cupied one of the peaks, which now bears the name of Loon's 
j Island. It is said' that in a clear day, when there is no wind 
jl and the surface of the lake is smooth, the huge trunks and 
j leafless branches of gigantic pines may be occasionally seen in 
the deepest part of the water, some of them reaching almost 
: to the surface, in such huge and gigantic forms as to startle the 
I beholder . 

As regards the other portions of the scenerj-- there is noth- 
ing remarkable. The hills are still covered with forests; but 
the vales, through which flow the principal rivers, are lined 
with factory villages. 



KILLINGLY. 63 



East Killingly, situated in the eastern pait of the town, is 
a thriving village. The principal business is cotton manufac- 
turing. There aie three churches, two Baptist and one Advent. 

Dayville, in the northern part of the town, on the Norwich 
& Worcester railroad, is also engaged in manufacturing, prin- 
cipally Satinets. There is one Congregational chureh here. 

West Killinglj, is the largest and most important village in 
the town. It was united, with the village of East brookljn, 
in 1850, into the Borough of Danielsonville. The railroad 
station is Danielsonville, and the Post Office address West 
Killingly. It is a flourishing village, largely engaged in man- 
ufactures. There are three churches here, 1 Congregational, 
1 Methodist and T Advent. 

There arc several other small villages in the town, mostly 
engaged in manufacture. 



KILLINGLY DIRECTORY, 

P. O. ADDRESS— WEST KILLINGLY. 



Ames Anthony, Town Clerk and Registrar. 

Allen Nathan, Iron Foundry. 

Bacon William C. Furniture and Coffins. 

Bacon A. F. Cabinet Maker. 

Barker John A. Ambrotypist. 

Bargeron P. F. Variety store. / 

Bennett Miss H. Millinery and Fancy Goods. 

Brown William, Grocery store and Coffins. / 

Burlinghara D. F. Groceries and Provisions, : 

Burlingham E. & E. P. Agents patent Boiler Feeder. 

Bussey James, Shoemaker. 

Burdick C. L. Boarding-house Keeper. 

Carpenter E. Judge Sup. Court. 

Capron 0. M. Cotton Waste and Batting. 

CardgTob D. Wagon Maker. 

Chapman Benj. F. Meat and Provisions. 

Chamberlin John P. Books and Stationery. 

Chamberlin Andrew, Carpenter and Joiner. 

Chamberlin Harvey, Stone Mason. 

Chamberlin Elisha, Carpenter and Joiner. 

Chamberlin William A. Merchant Tailor. 

Chollar W. H. Clerk Danielson Mfg. Co. 

Cochrane James L. Carpenter and Joiner. 

Crandall C. & Son. [C. C] Druggists and Apothecaries. 

Clark Wm. Barber. 

Currier A. J. Ready-made Clothing. 

Cundall E. L Attorney and Counsellor at Law. 

Danielson George, Cotton Mauufacturer, 

Dimick, Daniel, Painter. 



KILLINGLY. 



65 



Day Horace, (see Spaulding, Day & Co.) 

Day Thomas M, 

Edwards Rockwell, Confectionery. 

Farnham C, H. Vender of Patent Rights. 

Fagan A. H. Dentist. 

Franklin S. W. Merchant Tailor. 

Frissell Elisha, Boot and Shoe maker, 

Gleason Sylvanus, Depot Master. 

Graves Asa, Gunsmith. 

Griffiths George, Wagon maker. 

Hyde Silas & Co., Furniture, Stoves and Hard-ware. 

Hoar Hiram, Miller. 

Hammond S. T. Sewing Machines. 

Hutchins C, E. Hotel keeper. 

Hutchins Henry, Groceries. 

Hammond Henry, Railroad Commissioner. 

Hutchins Samuel, Physician and Surgeon. 

Johnson B. R^Physician and Surgeon. 

Kenyon JohuW. Harness maker, 

Keech Ephraim, Blacksmith. 

Keech Chester, Wagon Maker. 

Leavans Willard, Power-Loom Harness manufacturer. 

Leavens George, Dry Goods. 

Lyon R. F. Druggist and Apothecary. 

Logee J. K. Bak^r. 

Logee L. L. Confectionery. 

Martin Earl, Attorney and Counsellor at Law. 

Martin J. W. Physician and Surgeon. 

Mills C. S. Music Teacher. 

Moore Orin, Blacksmith. 

Miller J. R. Confectionary. 

Niles George A. Shingle and Grist mill. 

Perkins Joshua, Dentist. 

Peckham Amos, Minnetexit House, 

Pidge Jacob, Confectionary. 

Randall Levi, Shoe maker, 

Reynolds G. H. Groceries, 

Ricketson Samuel, Mierchant Tailor. 

Ricketson Wm. Painter. 

Read H. N. Wood Turner. 

Roderick M. Merchant Tailor. 

6 



66 KILLINGLY. 



Short Wm. S. Reed manufacturer. 

Shumway Noah. Shoe maker. 

Shumway T. D. Dentist. 

Stevens John, (see S. Hyde & Co.) 

Snow John, Ready-made Clothing. . 

Snow Joseph, Livery Stable. 

Stone J. Q. A. Publisher Transcript. 

Stone Wm. A. Providence & Danielsonville Stage Line. 

Sanford Brothers Marble Workers. 

Spaulding Day 4* Co Carpenters. 

Scranton A. G-. Painter. 

Sears Miss S. Milliner. 

Truesdell George. Carpenter. 

Wiggin Wm. Boot & Shoe Maker. 

Warren Lysander, Deputy Sheriff. 

Worden Lewis, Attawaugan Hotel. 

Washburn Mrs. E. M. Dress Maker. 

Wilson x\adrew S. Machinist. Jtjk 

Waldo John & S. S. Provisions & !?roceries. 

Whitmore Nelson, Manufacturer. 

Young E. S. Manufacturer. 

Young Abner, Shoe manufacturer. 

Young Jerry, Carpenter. 



P. O. ADDRESS— KILLINGLY. 

Ballou Oliver, Soap Manufacturer. 

Atwood John, Super Williamsville Mill. 

Blauchard George, Carpenter. 

Buiiingame E. R. Saw and Grist mill. 

Ballard Isaac P. Lumber. 

Bugbee E. H. Clerk in Williamsville mill. 

Chase Harvey. Miller. 

Daniels Dan A. Manufacturer. 

Evans Thomas J. Livery Stable. 

Eldridge Aaron, Blacksmith. 

Hammond Justin, Physician and Surgeon. 

Jencks Leavens, Carpenter. 

Kingsbury George, Hotel keeper. 

Lewis 0. J. Hard-ware. 

Leland James P. Ax Handles. 

Potter Warren, Dry Goods and Groceries. 



KILLINGLY. 67 



Sayles S. & H. Satinet manufacturers. 
Spooner Wm. A. Watch repairer. 
Wells S. VV. Depot master. 
Withey Jonas, Carriage maker. 
Woodard Horace, Hotel keeper. 
Webster E. dealer in Iron. 



P. O. ADDRESS,— EAST KILLINGLY. 

Bartlett Almond, & Co. Groceries. 
Bartlett Welcome, manufacturer. 
Bennett Solomon, Broom manufacturer. 
Babbitt Silas, Carpenter. 
Babson James, Machinist. 
Chase Giles, Surveyor. 
French Thomas J. Hotel Keeper. 
Hill E. A. Physician and Surgeon. 
Hammond 0. C. Variety store, 
Kelly John, Lumber dealer- 
Law Paris, Miller. 
Murray John, Merchant Tailor. 
Mitchell Orin 1). Miller. 
Newton Wm. A. Confectionery. 
Pettengili Daniel, Butchejl 
Oatley Joseph, Stone Mason 
Paine Almond M. Judge of Probate. 
Paine & Reynolds, Groceries. 
Pray Thomas, manufacturer, 
Spencer Daniel, Surveyor. 
Smith Silas. Blacksmith. 
Truesdell John B. Agent Robinson milL 
Tucker Geo. A. Miller. 
Whitman Samuel, Wagon maker. 
Westcott Henry, manufacturer. 



KILLINGLY TOWN GOVERNMENT. 



Clerk, Treasurer and Registrar. 

Anthony Ames. 

Selectmen, 

Isaac B. Ballard, Horace E. Davis, O. J Lewis, Leonard 

Day, Waldo Bartlett, 



Dr. J. PERKINS, 

eisf IS 




41 



fLkm flSTi 

on pure Gold or Silver Plates. 

CUM TEETH, <5n THE SAME. 



I) 



BLOCK TEETH ON VULCANITE PLATES, 

with all recent improvements, 

JBlock Teeth, on V-alcanite Base, 

are considered superior, by those wearing them, to all others, 
for strength, lightness, cleanliness, perfect adaption and com- 
fort to the wearer. 

Prices will be lower and terms more favorable than by any 
other Dentist in the County, and workmanship not excelled by 
any in the profession. 

References given to persons in this and adjoining towns now 
using my work of various styles. 

Repairing done as usual. Gold or Silver Fillings always 
warranted and Ether used in extraction, so as to avoid (in most 
cases) all pain. 



OFFICE, : : : : ARCADE BUILDING, 

Danielsoixvill©, Conn. 

Furnishes the three styles of Teeth, viz : 



Danielsonville, Conn. 

L. WORDEN, - PROPRIETOR. 

Is now open for the reception of transient and permanent cus- 
tom, being thoroughly furnished in the best style. The 
Proprietor offers the inducements o f a first 
class house to those who may favor 
him with their patronage. 




\Mt3. 



In connection with the above house, (in the rear,) the sub- 
scriber still continues to provide the traveling public with con- 
veyances of every description. 



E%nii 



with or without drivers, with comfortable and stylish carriages, 
chaises or hacks, furnished at the shortest notice and on the 
most favorable terms. 

Teams and attendance furnished at Funerals, 

Pleasure Parties, &c. Also, passengers carried to and from 
the cars. 

• Oflfiee in the Hotel. >. 

L. WORDEN, Proprietor. 



6* 



j ¥. A. CHAMBERLIN, 

i ilEiSiAif f ilit^ 

AND DEALER IN 

GENTS FURNISHING GOODS, 

OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS. 



The subscriber keeps constantly on hand the largest znd best 
assortment of 

B^ c L o T H s ^ 

in Eastern Connecticut, consisting in part of 

Light, Medium and Heavy Over Coatings, 

of all kinds ; Summer Goods in great variety. 



ot all descriptions. A large and carefully selected stock of 
Furnishing Goods^ such as 

SHIKTS, COLLABS, TIES, GLOVES HOSE, &c. 
THE BEST CUTTER 

Ii\ this i>axt of tl\e State Avill Toe fo\in.d h,er© 
A select stock of 

ALWAYS ON HAND. 

All our work is done by careful and experienced workmen, 
and we w^errant it to give satisfaction. 

Store in Attawaugan Building, Danielsonville. 

W. A. CHAMBERim. 

C. C. CHAMBERLtN, Salesman. 







Where can be fouiKl one of the largest and most complete 
stocks of 

DRUGS, MEDICINES, 

Griass, A^^arnislies, Bruslies, 

GOLD & SILVER LEAF, COLORS, 

Tobacco, Cigars, Nuts, Confectionary, &c. 
IN THE STATE. 

A very choice selection of 

AI.SO, PUKE CREAMTAR TAR ANDl^PICES 

Every article warranted as recommended. 



S. HYDE & CO. 



DEALEKS IR 



w 



w. 

^^g^ 



AND 

HAED-WARE. 

The Subscribers, having erected a 

^EJV ^ijvn eojfiJfioDious stoiie, 

Keep constantly on hand a large stock of Furniture, suited to 
the wants of the People of this County, consisting in part of 

MIRRORS, CHAMBER SETTS OF ALL STYLES. 
Paper Hangings, Oil Cloths, Curtain Fixtures. 

Also, A Large Assortment of 

COOKING,OFFICE& PARLOR STOVES, 

CARPENTER'S TOOLS, 

Ploughs, Cultivators, and other Farming Tools, • 

and all other kinds of Hardware, Woodenware. 
I.£AI> AI¥I> Oil., 

Repairing of Iron and Tin ware done by an experienced 
workman. QIT" Picture Frames made to order. 

S. HYDE & CO. 



A. G. SCRANTON, 
HOUSE, SIGN ANO CARRIAGE 



il f %Wwm 

Imitations of all kinds of 

MARBLE, WOOD AND STONE, CHINA GLOSSING, 

Paper Ifaiig-laig-, P!j\l3s asset I>oc©ratiTe. 

iailiiiiilliiiiISi 

SHOP IN THE BASEMENT OF 
ROTHWELL HALL, • DANIELSONVIL LE. 

JOHN A BARKER, 

Main street, - Danielsonville. 

Would call the attention of the public to the splendid pictures 
which he is now taking, and especially to the new style 



THE SERANOTYFE, 



! which for elegance of finish and durability, cannot be surpassed j 
I would further add, that perfect satisfaction is guaranteed 

! for all pictures costing over 25 cents. 

Copying from Daguerreotypes and all the various kinds of 
pictures taken at the lowest prices. 

BOOTS AND SHOES MADE AND REPAIRED, 

Shop foot of Academy street. 



ATTOENEY AND OOUNSELLOE AT LAW, 

OFFICE, AECADE BUILDING. 



1 1 No. 1, Arcade Building, - Danielsonville. 

i X*ai>ei* Xlsiiig-ijig-s; Oil Olotlis; Cai'pets; 

j ! Furniture, Cages, Pictures and Frames. 

(UTTarticular attention given to furnishing Coffins and 
Shrouds, at all times. 



S. GLEASON, 

Dealer in 
Stcan Island (mil Peruvian 



' Ooe's & Loyd's Phosphates, Plaster and Ground Bone. 

I Office at the Depot. 

1 EEFEESHMENT SALOOK 

in the Depot, where can be found at all times, 

FROIT AND CONFECTIONERY, 

^rea, Ooffce, Pies and Oakes, 

SODA WATER 

and everything that can be found in a first class Saloon, | 
«. ai.E.^SO^\ Proprietor. I 



WILLIAM WI6GIN, 

manufacturer of 



Particular attention paid to Eepairing Boots & Shoes. 

Shop in Davis' Brick Block, - Danielsonville. 

A. F. BACON, 

CABINET MAKER, 

Particular attention paid to Painting Blinds. Shop in 
\ Eagle mill, Summer street, Danielsonville. 

A. S. WILSON, 
MACHINIST, 

Eagle Mill, Summer street, - Danielsonville. 



J. WALDO & CO., 

Having completed their 

Corner of Main and Academy streets, have now removed to 

it, where they now offer for sale all articles that they 

have formerly dealt in, viz: 

GROCERIES, FLOUR, GRAIN, 

ilME, HAIR, CI^.ENT, 

BOOTS, SHOES, AND DOMESTIC GOODS, 

And all articles commonly kept in a country store. 

We shall be happy to see all our old customers, and as ma- :i 

ny new one3 as may find it for their interest to favor us with li 

1 a call. We still hold to our old motto : — ii 

"Quick Sales and Small Profits." 



11 



EDWARD L. CUNDALL, 

(Successor to Carpeoter & Cundall,) 

ATTOENEY & OOUNSELLOE AT LAW. 
Arcade Building, ; Danielsonville, 

A.H. FA.a^jsr, 

PRACTICAL DENTIST, 

OfiSce opposite the Methodist Church, Danielsonville. 

JARXES L. COOHItAIV, 

CARPENTER AND BUILDER, 

HCr" Sash, Blinds and Doors furnished to order. ' ^^qi 

MONUMENTS, GRAVESTONES, &c. 

H. D. Sanford, Webster, Ms., M. L Sanford, Danielsonville. 



DRESS m:-A.k:ek, 

OPPOSITE THE ARCADE. 



WILLAED LEA VANS, 

Manufacturer of 

POWER-LOOM HARNESSES. 



CARPENTERS & BUILDERS, 

Eagle Mill, Summer street. 
J, ft^. RICH^IRDS ^ CO., 

Providence & Danielsonville Daily Stage Line, 

Leave Providence at 11 A. M , every day, Sundays except- 
ed, Danielsonville at 7 1-2 A. M. 



J) 



TRANSCRIPT 

JOB PRINTING 

During the past few months we have added to our office 

Tvvo IVew r»rosses; 

(the Job Press being of the most modern p-ittern.) and other prin- 
ting materiais, wliich give «s facilities for doing all kinds ot 

j in the most modern style and at rea.-onable prices, a* our office in 

ID -A. 3>T I E L S O £vl "V IIL.1L. E , 

i Pamphlets, Fliow M Is, Shop Bils, Bill Heads, Posters, 
! Circulaj«, Manufacturers Ta;;s, Business & Wedding Cards, 
Ac, &€., &c., Ac. 

Done in the best manner, at short notice. 



A Local Family Wewspaper, 

IS PUBLTSITKD KVEFn^ TMUKSDAY MORNING, 
By J. Q. A. STONE, Editor and Proprietor. 

^^ The Transcript is a County Paper, containing aP. the ..^1 

Oounty News, War News, and a general summary 
of all the News of- th^ Day. 

Terms: $1,50 prr yenY^ invnrinbitj in advance. 

Advertisements insert* d at leasonable prices. 

1 



G H. REYNOLDS, 

Keeps constantlj on Ixand a hiive stock of 

Groceries, Flour and Grain, 

CEMENT, LIME &, HAIR. 

PERUVIAN OyANO, 

and Lloi/cPs Supcr^phosphafe of I.inic, 

FARMING TOOLS OF ALL KINDS. 

GRASS SEED, 

BUSf BAE]g¥ B ALT, 

ar.d all othei* articles kept in a fir.st class Grocery Store. I am pre- 
pured te sell as low as can be bought elsewliere. ' 

At the Old Sband, Nos. 1 & 2 Mechanic street, 

DA MEESON villi:. 



ALinufictu er of 

Custom fioote ^ .^l^oes, 

SEWED AND PEGGED. 

[TT* All work warranted to suit. j^j^ 

Shop on Cottage street, nearly opposite thti Engine House, D.mieL-onville 



B- R, JOHNSON, M. D. 

would respecifully iif >rm the citizc in of D miflsonville and vicinitv 
that he ha:|,ooiicluded to become a )'e.sideiit of this place, and ' 
oif.M's his pi-ofes.-sloiial services to the public. 

Dr. J. has hid six yj irs' expirien e in the hospitals of New York. 

f^' Residence in the house occupied by Mr. Joseph Snow, west 
si<ie of the railroad. 

Refers to Dr Parsons, Providence ; Dr. Tracy, Norwich. 



JOHN S. KENYON, 

H/IRNESS AND REPAIR SHOP, 

Opposite the Arcade, - Danielsonville. 
Tlie subscriber makes and Keeps constantly on hand, 

All kinds and styles of Harnesses, 

CHEAP FOR CASH. 

Particular attention paid to Repairing, Cleaning and Oiling Har- 
nesses. 

irhips^M irse i§ruslie-i, Ihirry Combs, Siankets 

.Vi'is, arass CioHi Sheets, ^e» \ 

% 
1^ Harness Trimmings constantly on hand. / 



BREAD CRACKER AND CAKE BAKER, 

At his new Bakery on Main street. 



PAINTING AND PAPER HANqiNG 

EXi^:(aJTE[) IN THE NEATEST STYL^:. 



AGENT FOR WIlKKLER k WILSON, S 

SEWING MACHINES, 



HORACE WOODARD, 
DAYVILLE HOTEL 

DAYVn.LE, GT. 



WM. A. NEWTON, 

FRUIT, GONFEOTIOKAEY AND CIG-AES, 

East Killingly. 



1 THOMAS PARKER, 

I 

\ DAYVILLE, CT., 

I Has in store, a large stock of Goods, consisting of 

i Brcadcloths, Doeskins, 
READY-MADE CLOTHING, 



I 
I- I 

p ah extensive assortment, and fasliionable styles, warranted to f?t and 
sold cheap, A large assortment of 



. HATS 80 CAPS, 

jeUNKS, VALISES, CARPETBAGS, UMBRELLAS, &C. 

, { (C^ CUSTOM TAILORTNG.^^Q] 

Jn the style of our Garments and tlie quality of our goods, we in- 
tend to acknowledge no superior in Windham County. Call and 
- se'e our goods and styles. and: the prices will suit reasonable customers 



JOHN MURRAY, 

' MERCHANT TAILOR, 

Ri/idy-niade Clothing always on hand. - - East Killingly. 



j ' ALMOND BARTLETT St CO, 

Dry Gr oods 5 Groceries <& Crockery. 

East £iii!rn^ly. 



In June, 165i), Gov. Winthop obtained liberty of the As- 
sembly to purchase a large tract at Quinnebaug. He had al- 
ready, in 1653, made a purchuse of the native proprietors, of 
the lands comprized in the townships of Plainfield and Canter- 
bury, lying on both sides of the Quinnebaug. There was but 
a small number of families on the lands at the time, and the 
planters were scarce until the year 1689, when a number of 
people, chiefly from Massachusettts, made a purchase of the 
heirs of Gov. Winthrop, and began settlements in the northern 
part of the tract. In May. 1699, the General Assembly vested 
the inhabitants with town privileges, and the next year it was 
named Plainfield. We give below a copy of the original 'deed 
from the Winthrops. 

To all people to whom this present act and Deed s^hall come, 
Greeting :— Whereas the Hon'ble John Winthrop, Esqr. Late 
Gov'r of the Collony of Connecticott, in New England, deceas- 
ed. Did Long since, to witt, in the year 1653, purchase of the 
Indian sachems, then Inhabitants and native Proprietors of a 
Considerable Tract of Land in the Quinebaug Country, on 
both side the river called the Quinebaug River ; which said 
purchase was afterwards allowed of by the GcnU assembly of 
the said Collony of Connecticott with liberty to settle a Plan- 
tation there, and whereas by the approbation, direction and al- 
lowance of John Winthrop Esqr., the now present Gov'r. of 
said Collony, and Maj'r Gen'll Wait Winthrop, of Boston, in 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, in New-England, sons 
of the afore'sd John Winthrop, Esquire; a plantation or Town- 
ship called and known by the name of Plainfield, hath of late 

7* 



82 PLAINFTELD. 



been settled on part of the Land aforesaid, according to the 
agreement and Reservations hereinafter mentioned, By Joseph 
Ooit, Clark, John Gallup, Kenad-.ira Gallup, \Vm. Gallup,- 
Il-enry Stevens, Peter Crery, Samul Dean. Wm. Marsh, Stephen 
ilall, Thomas Stevens Junr., John Gallup Jr., John Smith, 
Thomas Stevens, Nathaniel Jewell, Joshua Whitney, Benjamin 
Palmer, Ebenezar Harris, John Fellows, Matthias Button, Ed- 
ward ^paulding, the Heirs of Thomas Pierce deceased, -John 
Spaulding, Jacob Warren, Edward Yeomans, John Yeomans, 
Samuel Kingsbery, Joseph Spaulding, Timothy Pierce, Benja- 
min Spaulding, Thomas Williams, Samuell Shepard, William 
Douglas, Joseph Farkhurst, Samuel How, Isaac Wheeler, Eph- 
raim Wheeler and Peter Crery, Jr.; all or most of whom have 
already made considerable Improvements in the plantation 
aforesaid. Know all men therefore by these presents that we 
the said John and Wait Winthrop, as well for and in conside- 
ance of the summ of one hundred and fifty two pounds cur- 
rant, silver money to us well and truly paid, the Receipt of 
which is hereby acknowledged, and of tha same and every part 
and parcell thereof full and ample discharge given as also for 
the avoiding of all doubts, disputes, Quarrells, controversies and 
Law suites that have, shall or may happen to arise, be moved 
or prosecuted Relating to the said tract of land by them posses- 
sed and improved as aforesaid, or to any part or parcle thereof 
with the members andiippurtenanccs thereof and Improvements 
thereupon, within the bounds liereir.aftcr named, and that the 
same may be held and enjoyed by the afore named Grantees 
and Inhabitants as their and each of their own proper Right, 
free hold Estate and inheritance, we the said John Winthrop 
and Wait Winthrop Have Granted Ratified Confirmed Remjs- 
sed Released and lor ever Quit claim and Do by these presents 
for ourselves Heirs and the Heirs of Each and Either of us ful- 
ly Ratify &c. unto the afo rename I Joseph Coit &c. all the 
(^rante 8 a^ 0V3 namsd Inhabitants of the Town of Plainfield, 
all our Rijht Title Interest in and to the Tract of Land 
called and known by the name of plainfield bounded and but- 
ted as follows viz : The south west corner beginning at Quin- 
abare River in Norwich Line where s'd Line Crosses s'd River 
t^ience one mile and a quarter East and by South to an old 
Dead tree with an heap of stones about it marked with the Let- 
ters N. and P. P. which is norwich north east corner, thence 



PLAINFIELD. 



83 ! 



an East lyne up a fair Rising Hill so Cross a miery Swamp 
being bounded partly by Norwich partly by Preston and part- 
ly by the Volunteers Land six miles and three quarters in 
breadth to a great heap of stones Lying on a flat rock on the 
East South East side of a boggie medow, which heap of stones 
is the South East corner of the s'd Township, from thence North 
to Greenwitch path through c» aggedLedges of Hocks then half a ! | 
mile East by the said path to a heap of stones, from thence jj 
north Crossing Providence old Hoad, thence by marked trees !| 
north to a fair white oak tree Standing in a Rocky Gully with ji 
a gr-eat heap of stones about it being about haif a mile north jj 
Ea>;t of a large fresh meadow which white oak tree is the north | ! 
East corner of Plaintield Town ship being seven miles and an |' 
hundred Rodds in Length From thence a west Line a lit.tel to I 
the Southward of James his fort in a Rock thence west -over | 
short Hills and Rarren plains a littel to the north ward of a | 
fresh meadow, thence to Quinabaug River to an oak tree on the ! 
Brink of said River which is the northwest corner of Plainfield |l 
Township and si a line tree stated by the gentlemen appointed by | i 
the generall court to settle the bounds of plainfield being tliree jj 
miles and a half from the N. E. to the N. \V. corner and from || 
said tree Obliquely as the River Quinabaug Runs to the place '' 
above mentioned whear norwich Line crosses Quinabaug River, 
with all soiled uplands meadows meadow grounds. Whatsoever 
contained in the boundaries and Lines afore said, now being in 
their actual seizen and possession, with all woods and under 
woods, commons, pastures. Herbage, Seedings, stone, Rivers, 
Rivulets, Streams, Ponds, waters, Emoluments, Commodities, 
Hereditaiments, and appurtinances thereunto belonging or in 
any wise appurtaining, and their with now so occupied used or 
injoyed, all so all the Estate Right title isiterest use property 
Ciaijns or demand which w^e the said John Winthrop, Wait 
Winthrop or either of us now have, ever had or in time to come 
might have or which our Heirs or the Heirs of either of us 
might have challenged or demanded in or to all the afore s'd 
discribed and Granted and Released premises by vertue of the 
afore mentioned purchas or grant from the native Proprietors, 
or by any other manner of ways or means whatsoever ; — To 
have and to hold all the said granted and Released premises 
and appurtenances to them the above said Joseph Coit, &c. 
to their and each and every of their Heirs and Assigns Respec- 



L. 



84 



PLAINFIELD. 



il tively for ever, in equal proportions in all Divisions &c.; Re- 
■' .serving only to ourse.ves thu lands privileges and appurtenan- 
1; cos here in after mentioned, within the Lines and boundaries 
\\ above mentioned to be to us, our Heirs and Assigns for ever, 
;; viz: Two Letts already laid out with proportionable in com- 
\\ nionage and undivided lands, also one lott Keccvered from Jo- 
:! soph Johnson by law, with all the privileges belonging to it: 
'; Ten acres upon Greenwich plain, also Ten acres liecovered by 
jl law fr»m Is ac Sheppard, and several divisions that are with- 
|i in the generall field that belongs to the lott over Moosup River 
il to be hud out adjoining to the Ten acres that was recovered 
li from Isaac Sheppard. I*]xc8pting the j^iack hill lott, also the 
1 1 free Liberty and full power of disposing of all Cedar Swamps 
II that may or shall he found within the boundaries expressed 
li (save only that it may and shall be lawfull for the grantees a 
ij fore said, their Heirs and assigns to make use of Timber in the 
!; said swhamps for bilding and fencing in the said Town and not 
j' otherwise) also all minerall and ore of all sorts, that shiiU or 
jl may be found in or upon any of said land, also all Quarries of 
1 1 stones, with full and free liberty of digging, improving and 
jl transporting the same on or fiom the places where they shall 
jj be found, also all convenient places for mills and water works, 
1 1 with free liberty of diging Earth and making Dam needfull for 
!| the same. Reserving also to ourselves Heirs and ass'gns for ev- 
j! ver, a Tract or neek of land Lying on the East side ofQuinna- 
jj baug River, butting on the River west and on the mill brook 
north, in quantity about ninety acres be it more or less ; tvith 
full warrantee to Defend the above Granted premises and Ap- 
purtenances (the above Reservations only excepted) to the a 
fore mentioned Grantees and each of them, their Heirs and As- 
signs forever, against the Lawfull claims and Demands of all 
persons that may or ^hail by from or under Either of us, our 
Heirs or the Heirs of John Winthrop, Deceased, or any or all 
oi them, Claiming any Right, Title or interest therein. 

in witness where of we have here unto put our hands and seal 
this 29th day of november In the fifth year of her majesties 
Reign, Annoquc Domini 1706. 

Signed, sealed & delivered by John i^ Wait Winthrop. 

From that time the settlement of the town progressed until 
it is now one of the most important in the county. Its manu- 



PLAINFlELD. 85 

facturing capabilities have been largely improved. Plainfield 
has from a very earlj^ p. riod, libenilly provided the means for 
educating the great mass of the people. The Academy was 
chartered as early as 1782, and the institution had been in ex- 
istence for many years previously, its board of officers being 
known as the 'Trustees of the Brick School. It is still in a 
flourishing condition. 



PLAINFlELD TOWN GOVESNMENT. 



Clerk and Treasurer, 
Lyman Spaulding. 



Registrar. 
Joseph A. Walker. 



Select meiiy 

Wm. Shepard, Caleb Bennett, Jos. Hutchins, Jr., J. S Smith, 

Henry Colvin. 



I PLAINFIELD DIRECTORY, 

|l P. O. ADDRESS— PLAINFIELD. 



Card Albert, Carriage maker. 

Congden James, Blaclcsmith. 

Cogg.swell Will. H. Physician and Surgeon. 

Davis Robert, Stone Mason. 

Denison Nathan, Saw and S'lingle mill. 

Fry Wm. Tanner ^nd Saw and Grist mill. 

Grandy Wm.. W. D-apot Master. 

Leavens J. Manufacturer. 

Otis Nathaniel, Mason. 

Packer Stephen & Co., Cotton manufacturer. 

lloode Joseph, Saw and Shingle mill. 

Tillinghast AVaido, Hotel keeper. 

Tingley Geo. C. Principal Academy. 

Wakeiield Otis, Soap Chandler. 

Weilman Elijah, Shoe maker. 



P. O. ADDRESS— CENTRAL VILLAGE. 



j Ames Jesse, l^ee Dyer & Amos.). 

I iioswe'.l J. W. l^lacksraith. 

{ Burleigh Lucian, Principal High School. 

i Cutler L K. Dry Goods. 

i Coggswell Henry, Tin Ware. 

1 CaTl Henry S. Harness maker. 

I Collins J. <fe W.. Hotel keepers. 

I Dyer Jt \mes. Grist mill. 

I Dyer Wm. (see Dyer & Ames.) 

I Dyer Wm, Attorney at Law. 

j Edwards L. Uefreshment Saloon. 

Fenner Arnold, Agent Central Co, 

Gorton Jonathan, Groceries, Flour and Grain. 

Hyde Lester, Depot Master. 

Herrick A. 11. Jr., Jewe er. 

Loring Geo. Tin Ware. 

Munroe Nathan, Machinist. 

Mathewson Phillip, Merchant. 

Morse John L. Saloon at Depot. 



PLAIN FIELD. 



87 



Penrose J. J. Attorney at Liw. 

llocho M. M. Boot and Shoe Maker. 

Smith E. Y. Si Co., Dry Goods. 

Tanner K. M. Jjivery Stable. 

Walker J. A. Druggist and Apothe3ary. 

Wilcox J. M. Merchant Tailor. 

AVeaver Ueaben, Dry Goods and Groceries. 

Wakefield C. W. Wagon maker. 

Webster C. H. Agent Kennedy milk 



P. O. ADDRESS— MOOSUP. 

Aldrich Daniel, Flou'- and Grain. 

Almy Sampson, Cotton ManuPacturer. 

Jiargess Frank S, Physician and Surgeon-. 

Ikirgcss Jared, Blackr-mith. 

Bennett Albert Patent Tuft Work 

Dixon L. E. Physician and Surgeon, 

Dun lap George, Depot .Master. 

Dellabarr E. Woolen Maimfaoturer, 

Hill Edwin E. Groceries. 

Kenyon Miss C. G. Millinery an 1 Dress m; king. 

Kenyon S. P. Fruit and (Jonfe^tionery. 

Lathrop K. S. Agent Glad.len Mill. 

Lovegrove George, Agent Almyviile Store. 

Mills J. C. Dry Goods 

Miller Jabez, Harness Maker. 

Miller Simon, Woolet) Manufacfuier. 

Rounds Miss L. H.. Fancy Goods and Millinery, 

Salisbury T. B. Fruit and Coufeotionery. 

Tillinghasr C. A. Machinist. 

Weaver Thomas^ Hotel Keeper. 



P. O. ADDERSS—WAUPiEGAN, 
Atkins H. A. Dry Goods and Groceries. 
Atwood J. S. Agent Wauregan mill. 
Gundall C. C. Pnysician and Surgeon. 
Covell Geo. B. (see Scott \ Covell.) 
Johnson H. Bookkeeper Wauregan mill. 
Leavens N. Boarding House keeper. 
Scott y^ C .>vcll Variety Store. 
Scott E. W. Depot Master. 



HENRY A. A TKIiNS, 

WAUUKGAN, COXX. 
Dealer in 

Dry Goods and Grceeries, 

READY-MADE CLOTHING, 

Clotlis, Oass-meres, Yestings, Dresr:} Goods, 

C)atc5. Cap?, Biml£i aui) 5\)oco, 

Hosiery, Gloves and Cravats, Laces, Edgings, i:nibroidenes, 

GLASS, FLOUR, NAILS, SALT FISH, PORX, 

Crockery, China & Glass Ware, Eurnng Fluid, Keiostne Oil, 

Books, Sationery and Wall Paper, 

DRUGS 66 M EDICINES. 

Fine Toilet Soaps, Perfumery, Hair and Tooth Brushes &c. 

CTCTCUN D A I £7^D. 
PHYSICIAN Sl surgeon. 

Office in Waureojan Hall Building, - Wauregan. 



JONATHAN GORTON, 

iHauufacluvcr of <£cipal navui5l)C5, 

and dealer in 

GROOERIES, FLOUR & GRAIN, 

Lime, Cement, Paints and Oils, 
Central Vill i^re, Ct. 

L. EDWARDS. 
DINING SALOON, 

Oppc ' e the Depot, - - Central Village. 



CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL, 

AT CENTRAL VILLAGE. 

REV. L. BURLEIGH, - - Principal. 

Miss. GERTRUDE E. BURLEIGH, Assistant. 
C. S. MILLS, - - Teacher of Music. 

This school has been long and favorably known to the pub- 
lic, and recontly its accommodations have been greatly increas- 
ed, and the teachers will use their best endeavors to confer on 
theia pupils the greatest amount of good. The course of study 
will be comprehensive and extended ; especially in all the sub- 
stantial branches suited to the wants of practical business, in 
all the relations of life. Teackers' classes will be formed, and 
special pains taken to fit those, wha desire to teach, for their 
responsible duties. 

Common English, - - $3,50 

Higher Branches, - - 4,00 

Music ^-c, an extra charge. A small charge for fuel and 
incidental expenses will be added to each bilL 

Terms will Commence as Follows : — Fall Term, August 
12, 1861 ; Winter Term, Nov. 11, 1861 ; Spring Term, Feb. 
3, 1862; Summer Term, May 5, 1862. 

Application should be made to the principal. 

ISAAC K. CUTLER, ) ^ ... 
JEREMIAH SHEPARD, \ '-ommittee. 

I. M£, CUTLEMl, 

Dealer in 

■! 

READY-MADE CLOTHING, 

0=" HATS, CAPS, BOOTS & SHOES, ^yj] 

Carpetings, Paper Hangings, &c. 

CENTRAL VILLAGE. 

H a r n e s s M! a. k e r ;» 

Harnesses Repaired, Cleaned and Oiled. Central Village. 



R. S. LATHROP, 

MOOSUP, : CONN. 

Agent for 

W. E. BRA MAN & GO'S 



mm 






(Double thread, for family use.) 

This Machino Dossesses advantages over anything now in use 
I It is very simply constructed, not liable to get out of repair. 
I It runs more rapidly and quietly than any other Machine. 
I It need not be taken apart to be Oiled or Cleaned. 

It will embroider. 

It will gather. 

It takes a firm elastic stitch. 

It takes both upper and under thread from the original 
spool, thereby saving the trouble of re-winding. 

It also uses a straight needle, which is an advantage over 
most other Machines. 

DRUGGIST Sl APOTHECARY, 

STATIONERY AND FANCY GOODS, - .Central Village. 

Tin ~WsbTG ]VEarLiifact\"irer5 

CENTRAL VILLAGE. 



i 



HISTORY OF POMFRET, 



The tract of land originally known as the " Mashamoquet 
purchase," and afterwards incorporated as the town of Pom- 
fret, containing fifteen thousand one hundred acres, was deeded 
by Capt. James Fitch, of Norwich, for the consideration of 
thirty pounds lawful money, to Samuel Kuggles, Sen., John 
Chandler, Benjamin Sabin, Samuel Craft, John Grosvenor and 
Samuel Ruggles, Jun., of Roxbury, Mass., and six other per- 
sons whom they might choose to be joint proprietors with them. 
The persons chosen were, John Pierpont, John White, John ■ 
Ruggles, John Gore, Samuel Gore and Thomas Morey, 

The deed was executed May 5th, 1668. It was signed by 
James Fitch, also by Owaneco, sachem of the Mohegans, and 
his son Josiah. 

This purchase was confirmed by the Geileral Assembly of 
Connecticut, with a view to its becoming a town, July 8th, 
1686. An agent was employed to survey the " purchase," and 
to divide one half into twelve parts of equal value, which were, 
severally, assigned to the proprietors by lot. The remaining 
one half was held as joint stock. 

Some of the proprietors settled upon their lands as soon as 
the allotment was made ; others, at different periods, after- 
wards ; while some never came, but sold the diviaed part, and 
ultimately, the whole of their shares. 

The town was subsequently enlarged by several purchases — 
one of Governor Belcher, inciudmg the territory lying east of 
the Mashamoquet purchase, and extending to the Quinebaug 
river ; another, made by John Black well, including the eastern 
part of the present town of Brooklyn ; another, by William 
Stoddard, Esq., lying in the western part of Brooklyn, and in 
the eastern part of Hampton ; and lastly, by a narrow strip of 
land lying between the Mashamoquet purchase and the Stod- 
dard land, which was made by Mr. Benjamin. 



92 POMFRET. 

The original purchase, being- a part of the country called the 
♦' Wabbaquasset Hills," was once a favorite residence of the 
Indians. Some families were residing here, when the first 
white people came, and the remains of their habitations contin- 
ued many years. 

The geological formation of this town gives character to its 
scenery and to its soil. The hills, many of which have consid- 
erable elevation, are oblong with their shortest axes from east 
to west, and are curved with great regularity. In the lan- 
guage of Dr. Dwiglit, who described th^m fifty years ago, — 
" They are remarkably exact and singularly elegant." The 
stones upon the surface, particularly upon the M-ashamoquet 
purchase, were brought by the " drift formation.'" The rock, 
in places, is wholly decomposed on the surface, cropping out 
only in the valleys and ravines. 

The proportion of clay in the soil makes it retentive of water, 
and consequently stiff '^and cold in the spring. It also gives 
more than an average dampness to the atmosphere throughout 
the year, and reduces the mean temperature below that of ad- 
joining towns. But the soil is strong — contains a large pro- 
portion of organic matter, and when thoroughly worked, gives 
full returns of grass and grain. There is probably but little 
land in the State which pays better for the labor which is be- 
stowed upon it. 

There are three streams of water winding through this town, 
which retain their original Indian names. The largest is the 
Mashamoquet, from which the first purchase took its name. 
The other two empty into this — viz : the Wappoquians, which 
runs by the burying ground in the first parish, and the Nee- 
wichewanna,-which conies from the hills in the south part of 
the town. 

The early inhabitants of this town were persons who feared 
God and loved the institutions and ordinances of the gospel. 
They bore to the wilderness here the impressions which that 
holy and enterprising servant of Christ, John Elliot, of Rox- 
bury, their pastor, had made upon their hearts. As soon as 
their numbers and circumstances would admit they commenced 
exertions to have the stated ministry of the gospel and a 
sanctuary. 

On the 28th of October, 1713, the town by vote, applied to 
Mr. Ebenezer Williams, of Roxbury, to come and preach to 



POMPRET. 93 

them. On the 23d of December of that year, he came and 
began his labors. There was but one framed house in the town, 
three miles from the place oi preaching, where Mr. Williams 
boarded. On the 16th of February, 1714, the town voted to 
invite Mr. Williams to become their pastor, and he accepted 
their invitation. In the summer of 1715, a church was or- 
ganized and Mr. Williams was ordained, fie continued the 
pastor -of the church until his death, which occurred* March 
28th, 1753. Mr. Williams belonged to a family which has 
been highly distinguished in the history of the country, and 
was himself an eminent minister of the gospel. 

Since the death of Mr. Williams, the church has had five 
pastors, occupying a period of one hundred and eight years. 

Two churches have been formed from this first church in 
Pomfret, viz : — the Congregational church in Brooklyn, which 
was originally, the second church in Pomfret, organized Nov. 
21st, 1734, and the church in Abington, organized Jan. 28th, 
1753. Churches of other names, have been formed within the 
limits of the town, in years comparatively, recent, viz — a 
Baptist church in 1806, an Episcopal church in 1830, and an 
Advent society in 1843; the Friends also, have a meeting 
house, which was erected in 1 820. 

The educational history of the town is worthy of some no- 
tice. It appears from the records of the town, that immedi- 
ately upon the erection of the meeting house, and before it 
was finished, they voted to " erect a school house near the 
meeting house." A committee was also appointed to oversee 
the aflPairs of the school, in general. In 1723 there were three 
schools established and in firfl operation, one in the center, one 
in the north and another in the south part of the town. In 
1729 it was voted, "to raise one penny on the pound to defray 
the expenses of the schools," the town also directed the select- 
men to allow any number of families living remote from the es- 
tablished school, upon request, to establish one in their vicini- 
ty. Thus arrangements were early made for the instruction of 
all the youth of the town. These arrangements continued with 
some modifications, until the dispensation of the "School Fund, 
and the system of laws connected therewith. 

The early inhabitants made special efforts to furnish themsel- 
ves with the means of general and useful knowledge. In 1739, 
sixteen men raised the sum of two hundred and fifty-four pounds 

8* 



94 POMFRET. 



for the establishment of a library. After the formation of the 
society others quickly joined them, and paid an additional sum 
of one hundred and eighty five pounds. With these funds a 
valuable purchase of books was made in London, and presents 
of books were also received from gentlemen in England. — 
There is a vote of thanks on the ret3ord of the society, to Rev. 
Dr. Guise of London, for his published works. To this associ- 
ation, Gen. Israel Putnam was admittecl Aug. 27th, 1753, and 
paid sixteen pounds "old tenor.'' 

The early history of this town in the cause of civil freedom 
is most honorable. The first inhabitants were themselves free 
men; they belonged to a race who, like their pastor and teacher, 
John Elliot, "knew no king but Jesus." They considered all 
others to be usurpers, both temporally and spiritually. Li the 
belief and practice of this sentiment, they lived through their j 
colonial state. The character of Putnam was but an exponent 
of the principles and feelings of the people around him; the in- 
habitants of his vicinity made the man. 

The following letter from the Selectmen of Boston to the Se- 
lectmen of Pomfret, July 8th, 1774, when the British troops 
were quartered there, will show the state of feeling in both pla- 
ces. 

"Gentlemen: — By the hand of Mr. Elias Wells we received 
your generous and kind benefaction for the poor of this distress- 
ed town. We cannot enough express our gratitude for this 
instance of your bounty, in which you have liberally contribu- 
ted to the releif of man3^ What you have thus lent to the 
Lord, we trust and pray that He will pay you again. It gives 
us great consolation amidst our complicated and unparalelled 
suflerings, that our brethren in other colonies show such christ- 
ian sympathy and true benevolence towards us. That we are 
greatly distressed needs no comment. Our harbor blockaded 
by a fleet of ships; our foreign trade actually annihilated; thou- 
sands of poor reduced to extreme want; troops continually pour- 
ing in upon us to insult us in our distress: is a consideration 
that must excite the pity of the most obdurate. However, al- 
though we thus sufier, we are willing to suffer still more, rather 
than give up our birthright privileges. With great regard, we 
are your brethren and humble servants." 

In 1774, a company was formed in this town, with reference 
to the threatening appearance of the times. Stephen Brown 



POMFRET. 



95 



was the captain, subsequently killed at the taking of Mud Fort, 
and Thomas Grosvenor, afterwards Colonel, the Lieutenant. — 
Immediately after the news of the battle of Lexington, this com- 
pany marched to Cambridge, and was engaged in the battle of 
Bunkpr Hill, where three Pomfret men were killed, and fifteen 
wounded 

At a town meeting in March, 1779, the town voted to ap- 
point a committee to supply the families of the poor, whose hus- 
bands and fathers were gone into service. Then the question 
was put, whether the town would take any measures to encou- \ | 
rage and promote the speedy raising and enlisting of men to fill ji 
up the number to be raised in the town, according to the pro- 1 1 
posal of the Covernor and council, — passed in the affirmative, h 
Also, voted, and agreed to firmly unite among ourselves, and 1 1 
strictly, to adhere to the laws regulating prices, and to use our i j 
joint and several influences, to support and maintain the same j I 
as a very important regulation, for the support of the army, 
and preventing every measure, artfully taken for the oppres- 
ion of the poor. Also, voted, that the sum of twenty-four 
pounds, lawful money, be paid to each effective man that has 
or shall enlist into the continental army, for three years or 
during the war in this town by the 7th day of April, next, 
not exceeding eighty men." This money appears to have been 
raised partly by subscriptions, and partly by tax. 

Under this encouragement, s3venty-one men, from this town, 
enlisted into the c-ontinental service. The town paid them 
a bounty of three thousand four hundred and seven pounds ; 
and for the support of their families, two thousand eight 
hundred and eighty-nine pounds, in all, six thousand two hun- 
dred and ninety-six pounds ; or twenty thousand nine hundred 
and sixty-five dollars, ($20,965). 

Since the Revolution, the history of Pomfret has been that 
of a quiet agricultural town, varied by the small occasions 
which arise in such a community. We have no water-power. 
The construction of railroads has changed the course of travel 
in relation to us and moved the centres of business. Parts of 
the town have been pared off to make other towns. Our sur- 
face has been contracted, our population diminished, But 
what remains, we love, — our soil is vi luable. We hope that 
the character and the spirit of freedom, which belonged to 
the original inhabitants will go down through all the genera- 
tions to come. 



CHOLLAR & WILLIAMS, 

Dealers in 

DRY GOODS AND GROCERIES, 

l^^loni*, Oi-ain, Salt E^IkIi, I*orli, 

BURNING FLUID, KEROSENE OIL, 

PATENT MEDICINES, &c. 
Fertilizers of every Description. 

SJLKS, DELAINES, FBINTS, 

Slaeetings, f umisliing Qoods &c., 
BOOT, JACKET, WOOLEN and COTTON YARN, 

Boots, Slioes Hats and Oaps. 

I^^PEH H[A.jSrGIlsrGS. 

Pomfret Landing. 



! SURGEON DENTIST, 

I Pomfret. 



COX Sd I^XAR^TIIX; 

Blacksmiths and Wagon Makers, 

Pomfret Landing. 



I . 



BLACKSM ITH, 

Pomfret. 



POMFRET DIRECTORY, 

P, O. ADDRESS -FOMFRET, 

Davis F. Merchant. 

Holmes Samuel, Carpenter. 

Holt Hiram, Physician and Surgeon. 

Richmond John. Shoe maker. 

Smith Orin, l^lacksraith. 

Sessions Lewis, Furniture manufacturer. 

Wright Henry, Carpenter. 

Williams Lewis, Dentist. 



P. O. ADDRESS— POMFBET LANDING. 

Chollar & Williams, Dry Goods and Groceries. 

Chollar Jared, (see Chollar & Williams.) 

Cox T. Blacksmith. 

Kingslej Ralph ¥. Rutcher. 

Martin C. H. Wagon Maker. 

Underwood Samuel, Carpenter. 

Underwood Albert, Carpenter. 

Webb Geo. Grist mill. 

Williams Charles G. (see Chollar .^c Williams.) 

p7 0.~ ADDRESS— ABINGTON. 

Clapp James, Variety Store. 

Dresser Samuel. Shoe maker. 

Dennis Amos P. Dry Goods and Groceries. 

Grosvenor Charles I. Judge of Probate. 

Holmes Samuel, Carpenter. 

Ligalls George S. lilacksmith. 

Marcy Orin, Blacksmith. 

Pike Willis, Carpenter. 

Sharpe George H. Butcher. 



POMFEET TOWN GOVEENMENT, 

Clei'k and Treasurer, 
Job Williams. 

Registrar, 
Hiram Holt. 
Selectmen, 
Wm. H. Sabin, Alanson Peck, P. B. Johnson. 



SCOTLAND DIRECTORY, 

P. O. ADDRESS— SCOTLAND. 

[The history of this town, previous to its organization, is em- 
braced in the history of the town of Windham. 

This town was originally a part of the town of Windham, 
and was incorporated as a town by the Legislature of 1857, 
and the first town meeting under its act of incorporation was 
held at 9 o'clock, A. M., on the fl!\-st Saturday of July, 1L57, 
at the vestry room of the Congregational Meeting House in 
said town of Scotland.] 

Anthony Wm. J. Blacksmith. 

Adams Thomas L. Painter. 

Billings George H. Hotel keeper. 

Bennett James, Variety store. 

Bromley & Smith, Variety store. 

Carey Alfred W. Machinist. 

Cook Calvin, Manufacturing carpet yarn. 

Davison Wm. Merchant. 

Ensworth & Carey, Siiw & Shingle mill. 

Gager John P. Jr. Sa^y mill. 

Hebbard A. F. Mason. 

Palmer Alfred, Wheelwright. 

Pray xVnthony, Mason. 

Rood Henry, Blacksmith. 

Spafford Darius, Carpenter. 

AVatson S. N. Saw & Shingle mill. 



SOOTLAND TOWN aOVERNMENT, 

Clerk, Treasurer and Register, 
Benjamin Hovey. 



Selectmen. 
Calvin B. Bromley, Wm. P. Noyes, Marcus Benham. 



STERLING. 



Sterling, formerly a part of Voluntown, was incorporated 
as a town in 1794. The town is of an oblong shape, 8 miles 
in length from North to South, and has an average breadth of 
three. It is bounded N. by Killingly, E by the Rhode Isl- 
and line, S. by Voluntown, and W. by Plainfield. The face of 
the township is generally uneven, but there are some sections 
of pine plains. The soil is a light gravelly and sandy loam. 
The land is best adapted to a grain culture. The town is 
watered by two branches of the Moosup river, on which are 
four cotton factories. 

Near the centre of this town was a cavern, called the Devil's 
Den, possessing very singular and curious features. It is situ- 
ated within a ledge of rocks, and has a circular area of about 
100 feet in diameter. The rock is cleft in two peaces, forming 
at each a chasm or fissure about fifty feet in depth, through 
one of which there runs a small stream of water ; the other 
communicates with a room about 12 feet square, at the inte- 
rior part of which there is a fire place, and a chimney extend- 
ing through the rock above, forming an aperture of about three 
feet square. In another part ot the rock there is a natural 
staircase, winding round it from the bottom to the top. In 
the cold season of the year, a large mass of ice is formed in 
the room albove described, by the dashing of water down the 
chimney, which continues there through nearly the whole of 
the warm months ; the sun being almost excluded from this 
subterranean recess. 

The railroad being considered of more importance than this 
den, has cut through it, and thus the romantic features of the 
place have been destroyed. 



STERLING DIRECTORY, 

P. O. ADDRESS— STERLING. 

Bennett Solomon, Dry Goods and Groceries. 

Crane Charles, Groceries. 
I Douglas Archibald, Judge of Probate. 

I Gaiffiths kSilas, Saw and Shingle Mill. 

! Knight B. K. Blacksmith. 

i Martin William, Grist Mill. 

I Potter Edwin, Warp Manufacturer, 

I Potter George, Blacksmith. 

Potter AVilliam, Groceries.- 

Pike William & Co. Chemical Works-. 

Spaulding Joseph, Groceries. 

Taylor Jeremiah, Wood Turner. 

Westcott Harry, Blacksmith. 

Wilbur Thompson, Blacksmith. 



STERLING TOWN GOYEENMENT. 

Cierk, Treasurer and Registrar, 
Archibald Douglas. 



Selectmen, 
Wheaton Wood, Charles Mason, A. Dough 



HISTORY OF VOLUNTOWN, 



The town of Voluntown was recognized as early as October 
1715. It comprised a territory on the border of Rhode 
Island, perhaps twelve miles long and not half that breadth. 
It is said to have been named from certain grants made of its 
territory to military volunteers. The surface of the town is 
rough and hilly, and the soil of moderate fertility. The peo- 
ple have been mostly farmers though small manufacturing 
villages exist in different parts. In May 1794 the northern 
part of Voluntown was incorporated as the town of Sterling 
giving 26 square miles to the new town and leaving 38 in the 
old. 

The first church in Voluntown was formed Oct, 15th, 1723 
It was Presbyterian in its discipline, many of the early settlers 
of the town being of Scotch-Irish origin. Its pastor was Rev. 
Samuel Dorrance, a native of Ireland, and graduate of the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow ; ordained Pastor at Voluntown, Dec 23d, 
1723, and dismissed Dec. 12th, 1770. He died in the town, 
Nov 12th, 1775, aged 90 years. He was buried with his peo- 
ple, near taeir then place of worship, on the site now lying in 
the tow ' i Sterling 

In I /45 there was a separation from the Presbyterian Church 
and Alexander Miller was ordained their Pastor, April 15th, 
1751, but the Church was afterwards united with the Separate 
Church of Plainfield, and Mr. Miller removed to that town. 

A Congregational Church was formed in the -south part of 
Voluntown, ('Nazareth Society,) Feb. 12th, 1772. The only 
pastor was Rev. Solomon Morgan, ordained Apr. 15th, 1772, 
dismissed Feb, 26th, 1782, and afterwards settled in Canterbu- 
ry and Canaan. This Church has for many years been practi- 
cally extinct. 

After the Presbyterian Church, of which Mr. Dorrance was 
pastor, had fallen into decay, a Congregational Church took its 
place, organized June 30th, 1779. Over this there have been 

9 



102 VOLUNTOWN. 



settled four pastors. Rev. Micaiah Porter, a native of Brain- 
tree, Mass., and a graduate of Brown University, was ordain- 
ed Nov. 22d, 1781, and continued till dismissed, Aug. 28th, 
1800. He was afterwards settled in JMainfield,. N. H. 

Kev. Otis Lane was born in Wrenlham, Mass., and grad- 

^uated at Harvard College, was installed at Voluntowu, Oct. 

.^29, 1828, (having been previously pastor at S.urbridge, Mass.,) 
and dismissed Sept. 10, 1834. Rev. Jacob Allen, a native of 
Columbia, and graduate of Dartmouth College, who had been 
pastor at Tunbridge, Vt., and Eastbury, was installed at Vol. 
untown, Oct. 11th, 1837, and dismittsed Nov. 25th, 1849, but 
after one year's absence, returned and supplied the people till 
his death, March 13th, 1856. Rev. Charles L Ayer, a native 
of North Stouington, was ordained pastor, Jan. 8th, 1859. 

After the division of the town, the people connected with the 
last namei church erected a house of worship on the boundary 
between Voluntown and Sterling, hence called the ' Line Meet- 
ing house." This house has lately been replaced by a new one 
on the same site. It stands on an elevated ridge, commanding 
a wide view to the east and west, and is surrounded by pleas- 
ant farmhouses. The nearest Post Office is called Col lamer. 



VOLUNTOWN TOWN GOYEENMENT. 

Clerk, Treasurer and Register, 
Elisha Potter. 

Selectmen. 
Wm. C. Stanton, C. E. Main, A. W. Gallup. 

volWtown^dTeeot^ey. 

p. O. ADDRESS ~ VOLUJVTOWJSr. 

Brown Palmer A. Wagon Maker. 

Briggs, Spencer «& Co. Cotton Manufacturers. 

Dixon R. H. Kersey Manufacturer. 

Gallup N. S. Judtre of Probate. 

Lester John G. Shingle Mill. 

Main Charles E. Carpenter. 

Pope J. A. Cotton Manufacturer. 

Starkweather Joseph, Hotel Keeper. 

Sanders Martin, Grist Mill. 

Starkweather and Jencks, Cotton Yarn Manufacturers. 



HISTORY OF WINDHAM, 



Joshua, an Indian sachem, son of Uncas the celebrated 
Mohegan chief, gave by one of the provisions of his will, dated 
Feb. 29, 1675. (March 10, 1675, N. S.) to sixteen gentlemen, 
mostlv residents o: Norwich, the tract of land comprising an- 
cient WiNDiiAM. It embraced most of the territory now inclu- 
ded in the towns of Windham, Mansfield, Hampton, Chaplin, 
and Scotland, with a portion of Canterbury. It is thus descri- 
bed in the v/ill. ''I Give and Bequeath all that tracke of land 
lying to the Westward of Appaquage Estward from Williman- 
tuck River South from Appaquage pond eight miles broad &c. 
To Capt John Mason, Lieut Samuel Mason, Mr. Daniel Mason, 
Mr. James Fitch Senr., James Fitch Jr., John Birchard, Lieut 
Thomas Tracy, Thomas Adgate, Sinion Huntington, Thomas 
Leffingwell Sr., John Olmstead, William Hide, William Backus 
Hugh Calkins, Capt. George Denison, Mr. Daniel Wctherell." 
These were the original proprietors of Windham, and are usu- 
ally called "Jo. hua's legatees." Appaquage, the in'tial boun- 
dary of this track is near the N.E. Corner of Hampton. The 
grant contained from 50 to 60,000 acres of land. Additions 
were made to it from time to time, and some changes were ef- 
fected in the boundary lines. 

In the spring of 1686, preparations were made to settle a 
plantation on this tract. Lots were laid out at (what is now) 
Windham Centre, Mansfield Centre, and Willimantic. It was 
not however, until 1689, that a settlement was effected. In 
the spring of that year, according to tradition, John Cates 
built the first house at Windham Centre. Mansfield began to 
be settled soon after, but Willimantic not till some years later. 

The "new plantation" received from the General Court, in 
1692, a grant of town privileges, and was named Windham. — 
Very little is known of Cates, the first settler. He came from 
Eno-land, where he left a family, and according to tradition, Ian- 



— — — ,1 

104 WINDHAM. [l 

ded in Virginia, from whence he carae to Norwich, where he 
purchased a "1000 acre right" in the Windham tract, and be- ! 
came the pioneer settler. He was evidently a pious and bene- 
volent man, and by his will gave 200 acres of land for the ben- 
efit of the poor of the town, and 200 more for a school house, 
besides a lega^ y to the church. He died July 16th, 1697. 

Jonathan Ginnings (now written Jennings) was probably the 
first settler with a family, and the father of the first child born ' 
in Windham. The following were the accepted inhabitants in 
1698, and of course the earliest settlers: — Joshua Ripley, Jo- 
nathan Hough, Jonathan Orane, Jonathan Ginnings, Samuel r 
Hyde, Thomas Huntington. William Backus, John Larrabee. 
Thomas Bingham, John Read, John Royce, John Backus, 
Jeremiah Riplc}', John Gates, Samuel Birchard, Robert Wade, 
Peter Cross, Richard Hendee, James Birchard, Samuel Lin- 
coln, John Arnold. The inhabitants increased quite rapidly, 
and in 1703 Mansfield was set oiF from Windham and made a 
town. Hampton became a town in 1786 ; Ghaplin, {moFtly 
from Mansfield and Hampton) in 1822, and Scotland w^as set 
ofi"from Windham in 1857. 

The first church was organized at Windham, Dec. 10, 1700, 
and the Rev. Samuel Whiting, of Hartford, who had for sev- 
eral years preached to the people, was ordained the first pas- 
tor. The second church was organized at Hampton in 1723, 
and the third at Scotland in 1735. The parish in which each 
was located became an ecclesiastical society. 

Windham was made the County seat of Windham County : 
on its organization in 1726, and continued to be the county . 
town until 1820. The county w^as originally composed of the , 
following towns, viz : Windham, Lebanon, Plainfield, Canter- 
bury, Mansfield, Coventry, Pomfret, Killingly, Ashford, Vol- 
untown, Mortlake, Woodstock and Union. 

Windham was formerly a town of much importance, being a [ 
political and commercial centre, and has produced many emi- 
nent men, such as Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, D. D., originator of 
the celebrated Indian Charity School at Lebanon, and founder 
and first President of Dartmouth College. Hon. Samuel 
Huntington, one of the signers of the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, and Governor of Connecticut; Hon. Eliphalet Dyer, ■ 
member of the first American Congress, Chief Judge of the j 
State of Connecticut. &c., besides many others, distinguished 
in the civil, military and religious professions. |i 



WINDHAM. 



105 



Windham became famous, the world over, on account of a 
singular aflfair that occurred in the town during the summer of 
1758, called the "Battle of the Frogs." There seenis to be no 
doubt that the people were greatly frightened one night by 
some unusual demonstration among the bull-frogs. It is not 
easy at this day to ascertain what occasioned the rumpus in 
frof-dom : but the current tradition is, that owing to a severe 
drought, the water in the pond became very low, and the frogs 
fought among themselves for the enjoyment of what remained. 
During the battle they made a terrible noise, which greatly 
frightened the staid people of the town, some of whom believed 
the French and Indians were coming, while others supposed 
the day of Judgment was at hand. A great amount of ridicule 
has been showered upon the people of the town in consequence 
of this curious affair, and they not unfrequently at the present 
day have to bear the reproach of being descendants of the 
heroes of the frog fight. 

The present town of Windham embraces Windham Centre, 
the villages of North and South Windham, and the Boroufijh of 
Willimantic. The latter place contains about 3000 inhabi- 
ants, more than twice the number in the rest of the town. It 
has been built up as a manufacturing village by the excellent 
water power afforded by the Willimantic river, which passes 
through it, and has here a fall of about 100 feet in a mile. 

Some few families settled at Willimantic Fall, — as this 
part of Windham was anciently called, — soon after 1700, and 
a saw and grist mill were built here before 1710, at the place 
afterwards called the "State." In 1776 Elderkin and Wales of 
Windham established a Powder mill at this place under 
the patronage of the government ; and a considerable part of 
the powder used during the war of the Revolution by the 
Connecticut and other Continental troops, was manufactured 
here. The present village of Willimantic dates its existence 
from 1822. During that year P. O. Richmond of Providence 
built the first Cotton factory, and several others were erected 
in the course of a few years. 

From that time until the present, the progress of the vil- 
lage has been onward, and it now stands among the first in 
Eastern Connecticut, in point of thrift and business activity. 



9* 



WINDHiVM DIRECTORY 



P. O, ADDRESS— WILLIM ANTIC. 

Arnold Joel R. Attorney at Law. 
Alpaugh & Hooper, I'ry Goods. 
Avery William B, Boots, Shoes and Clothing: 
Atwood Warren, Sash and Blind Manufactory. i 

Avery Henry W. Boots and Shoes. | 

Babcock Coiirtland, Groceries. j 

Baldwin Lloyd E. Master Builder. | 

Bassett (Jos. C.) & Wilson, Tin Ware. j 

Brown Harrison, Groceries. ; 

Brooks A. E. European House. 

Burnbam George W. Groceries and Flour i 

Brainard Henry, Brainard's Hotel. ' 

Clark Silas, Machinist. |: 

Clark Isaac A.. Boots and Shoes. 1 1 

Clark Lucian H. Dry Goods. jl 

Clark & Backas, Tin Ware. ji 

Conant H. Machinist, 

Congdon T. R. & J. Crockery and Glass Ware. 
Crane Edmund, Mason. 
Cushman J . E. Fnrniture and Coffins. 
Davison (R.) & Moulton, Groceries and Furniture. 
Dean Chester, Livery Stable. 
Elliott George C. Boots and Shoes. 
Elliott George E. Clothing. 
]{dson J. M. Soap and Candle Manufacturer- 
Fitch James 0. Dentist 
Griswold 0. B. Marble and Gravestones. 
Harris Edward, Meat market. 
Hall Horace. Groceries and Drugs. 
Hannover George W. Dry Goods and Groceries. 
H; rtshorn Z. C. Boots and Shoes. 
Hay den Whiting, x\gcnt Smithfield Mfg. Co. 
Hayden VVhiting & Co. Dry Goods and Groceriea. 
Hayden James E. Book Keeper. 
Jacobs L. W, Dry Goods. 



WINDHAM. 



107 



Jillson C. Book keeper, 

Jillson Asa W. Insurance Agent. 

Johnson D, F. Carpenter and Joiner, 

Jordan Lyman, Mason. 

Johnson M. Groceries. 
I King J. Drugs and Medicines. 

I Kinibel S. H. Boots and Shoes. 

I Keigwin John G. Clothing, 

\ Lathrop Lee, Depot Master. 

I Lester John, Depot Master. 

Lewis Francis, Nurseryman. 

Lincoln Allen, Dry Goods and Groceries™ 

Lord Daniel, l^roker. 

Lord Joshua B. Cotton Warp manufacturer- 
Lewis Stephen, Dry Goods and Groceries. 

Lyon Warren, Mason. 

Moulton Albert, Millwright. 

Olin Nathaniel, Mason. 

Perkins 0. S. Groceries and Provisions. 

Porter Samuel A. Carpenter and Joiner, 

Rice S. V/. & G. S. Blacksmiths & Wagon makers. 

Rollinson Joseph, Soap Chandler. 
I SafFord Jason, Drugs and Medicines. 

Sparks John & Son, (John L.) Bakers, 
j Stanniford James C. Variety Store. 

! Stearns N. A Harness maker. 

I Tanner Warren, Livery Stable. 

! Thresher S. S. Millinery. 

I Tracy John. Agent Windham Mfg. Co.. 

I Tucker David K. Barber, 

Turner Thomas, Dry Goods. 

Turner (M.) k Wilson, Livery Stable. 

Walden James, Books and Stationery 

Watson Joseph A. Book keeper, 

Wilson John, (see Bassett & Wilson. 

Wilson I (see Turner <^ Wilson.) 



P. O. ADDRESS— WINDHAM. 

Bingham Samuel, Cashier Windham Bank, 
Burnham Alfred A, Attorney at Law. 
Burnham Edwin I. Merchant. 



I 108 WINDHAM. 

i Dyer Benjamin, Druggi&t. 

FoUet Abner, Blacksmith, 
Follett Marvin, Puinter. 
Hamlin George, Dentist 
•Hebbard John W. 31ason. 
Huntington Rufus, Merchant. 
Ingraham Lucius, Hatter. 
Johnson James M. Horse dealer. 
Johnson William, Cattle dealer. 
Maine Sumner P. Brick maker. 
McCollum Henry, Mechanic and Inventor. 
Perry Albert, Carpenter. 
Bobbins Thos. C. Timber Merchant. 
Rood Rufus, Blacksmith. 
Starkweather Abel, Lumber Merchant, 
Swift Justin, Manufacturer. 
Swift William, Variety Store. 
Thompson Charles, Hotel keeper. 
Waldo AVilliam, Mason. 
Woodworth Chester A. Merchant, 



P. O. ADDRESS— SOUTH WINDHAM. 



\ Byrne Saml. G, & Co. Variety Store. 

Card Martin, Butcher, 

Chappel Ralph, Master Builder. 

I Kinney Alfred, Groceries. 

i Smith rharles, Manufacturer. 

I Smith William, Machinist, 

I Smith, Winchester & Co., Paper Machine manufacturer. 

I Weaver F. B. Machinist. 

. Weaver H. B. Manufacturer. 

I Weaver Alpheus H. Machinist. 

I Winchester Harvey, (see Smith, Winchester <^ Co.) 

j Woodward Asa C. Blacksmith. 

I Woodworth Leonard, Blacksmith. 



P. O. ADDRESS— NORTH WINDHAM. 

Lincoln D wight, Felt manufacturer. 

Lincoln George, '' " 

Lincoln Frank M. Merchant. ' 



WINDHAM. 



.09 H 



Lincoln Ralph, Merehaut. 

Lincoln Stowcli, Woolen Manufacturer. 

Spencer Freeman D. Manufacturer. 



WINDHAM TOWN GOVERNMENT, 

Clerk and Treasurer, 
William Swift, 

Registrar. 
William L. Weaver. 
Selectmen, 
Horace Hall, F. M. Lincoln, E. E. Burnbam. 



FLOUR, GRAIN AND GROCERIES, 
X-iim.e, element <&c- 

Dry Goods G-rooeries, Boots and Shoes^ 

CHAPLIN AND WILLIMANTIC. 



BRAINARD^S HOTEL, 

HENRY BRAINARD, - - PROPRIETOR. 



L I VE R Y STABLE, 

Horses and Carriages to Let. - Opp, the Depol 



G It, O C E R I !•: S , 
DRUGS AND MEDICINES. 



THOMAS TURNER, 

Dealer in 

FOREiQN, FANCY AND DOMESTIC 

illT fittSS 

A N D — 

CARPETS, 

CUSTOM ^6 READY-MADE CLOTHING 

Broad Ciotlis, Oassimeresj and Vestings, 

Millinery, Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, 

GREAT BARGAIMS FOR CASH. 
Store next east of Brainord's Hotel, - "Willi maiitic. 



STEPHEN LEWIS, 

ha.s oil hand, and intends to keej) a good sui)ply of choice 

l§WlSl®BSt 

DRY eOOOS, BOOTS, SIOES^ 






I 



and all Goods usually in a general Variety Store which he intends 
to sell at a small profit for CASH, or its equivalent. 

Farmers' Produce taken in excliange for G-oods. 
AT THE WINDHAM COIviPANY 5T0RE, ■ WlLLli^ANTlC. 



T. K. & J. CONGDON, 

Wholesale and Retail dealers in 




r,a{lut2, {SlJjina, §\mi 



SILVER PLATED WARE, 

Britannia, Japanned, Tin and Wooden Ware, 

TABLE 8l POGKET CUTLERY, 

CORDe, LINES, BRUSHES, STOVES, &0. 

Main sircei, . - - - fWHlUniituHc, 

JOHN G.*KEIGWIN, 



Dealer in 



Ready- made Clotlii eg', 

AND FyRNISHlNS eOODS, 

i«i.iif i,lliili. filiai, 

Oa.i'pet and Enameled Kag-s, &;e. 

No. 2 Brainard's Building, opp. thg Depot, 
WILLIMANTIC. 



EUROPEAN HOUSE, 

OPPOSITE THE DEPOT, . . - . WIrXIMANTIC. 

CONDUCTED ON THE EUEOPEAN PLAN. 

mfieais €ft €iil hours of ihe day, 

A. E. BROOKS, Proprietor 



Maiiufacturer and Dealer in 

FURNITURE AND COFFINS, 

WILLTMANTIC. 



! 

JIanufacturers of 

I Satinet Warps, Harness Twine and Cotton Thread. 

I C II EST r. II I>E.iJ^\ 

LiVERY STABLE, 

\SZr HOKSES AND CAKRIAGES TO LET. jj;^ 



ATTORNEY AT LAW. 



I^. ^V. JACOBS, 

AMERICAN AND FOREIGN 

FANCY GOODS and • MILLINEEY. 



RESIDENT DENTIST, 

OFFICE, - - - - ATWOOD'S BUILDING. 



O. !^. PEUSLIjrS, 

GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS 

OPPOSITE THE DEPOT. 



HISTORY OF WOODSTOCK, 



Woodstock was settled in 1686, by a colony from Roxbury, 
Mass., consisting of 39 families, who divided the lands among 
themselves by lot> The names of those who thus obtained 
titles to house lots and farms are as follows : — Thomas and 
Joseph Bacon, James Corbin, Benj. Sabin, Henry Bowen, 
Thomas Lyon, Eben Morris, Matthew Davis, Wm, Lyon, 
Sevin and Eben Cass, John Chandler, Senior, Peter Aspiu- 
wall, John Frizell, Joseph Frizell, Jona Smithers, John Butch- 
er, Jona Davis, Jona Peake, Nathaniel Gary. John Bowen, 
Nath. Johnson, John Hubbard, Geo. Griggs, Benj. Griggs, 
Wm. Lyon, Jr., John I^eavans, Nathaniel Sanger, Sam Scar- 
borough, Sam Craft, Sam May, Jos. Bugbee. Sam Peacock, 
Arthur Humphriey, John Bugbee, John Ruggles, Andrew 
Watki.is, John Marcy, Edward Morris, Joseph Peake, John 
Holmes, John Chandler, Jr. 

In 1687, a grant of land was made to Wm. Bartholomew, 
of Branford, Conn., and another to Isaac Bartholomew, on 
condition that the former should build and maintain a grist 
mill '' on the falls below Muddy Brook Pond," now Harrisville. 

Soon after the settlement of Woodstock, a Congregational 
Church was organized, and about 1690, Rev. Josiah Dwight 
was settled as pastor. A meeting house and school house were 
speedily erected. Mr. Dwight, was dismissed in 1726. Rev. 
Amos Throop was setiled over the church in 1727, and died in 
1736. Rev, Abel utiles was settled 1737, and dismissed in 
1759, when he and part of the church organized the Congre- 
gational church at Muddy Brook, or Ejst Woodstock. 

In 1747, the Congregatio'ial church at West Woodstock was 
organized, composed chiefly of members of the first church. 
Rev. Stephen Williams was ordiined pastor, and continued 
there till his death in 1795. 

In 1763, Rev. Abiel Leonard was settled over the first 
Congregational church, and continued till May, 1775, when 
10 



114 WOODSTOCK. 



he was appointed chaplain in the 3J Connecticut, regiment, 
(Gen. PutnaniV,) and left for Cambridge. He continued with 
the army till a short time previous to his death in 1777. 

In 1779, Kev. E. Lyujan was sttltled over tlie first Congre- 
gational church, and was dismissed in 18lJ4. 

In 1801, Woodstock Academy was incorporated. It has a 
connnodious edifice for instruction, and anotherand much laiger 
building tor boarding the pupils. 

In 1831, a colony from East Woodstock Congregational 
c'lurch, organized the Congregational church at North Wood- 
stock. 

The present church edifices of the four Congregational 
churches in Woodstock, were built as follows: — 

First church built in 1821, co.'^t $4000, and has 129 mpm- 
bers ; West Woodstock, in l^'il, cost $2500, nnd has 99 mem- 
bers ; North Woodstock, in 1831, cost $5(iC0, and has 1C6 
members ; East Woodstock, in lS31,cost $3000 ; and has IhO 
members. There is a Baptist church in South Woodstock, or- 
o^anized in 1792, and another in West Woodstock, which is 
still more ancient. There is a Methodist church in East 
Woodstock, and another in West Woodstock, also a Universa- 
lis t church. 

«» ALH'iculture is (he great business carrie i on in Woodstock, 
the land being very fertile, and especially adapted for ;.razing. 
But manufiicturing operations are carried on extensively, there 
are five manufactories ot cotton twine, thiee of woolen cloths, 
one of thread, and one of cotton cloth. In North Woodstock 
there is a large carriage nianuFactory, carried on by I>. M. 
Dean, Esq., where a large number of excellent carriages, both 
light and heavy are annually nnde. 

The town of Woodstock has ahvays been noted for patriotism. 
In the old French war, she furnished many troops, and one 
whole company was destroyed by the enemy near Lake Georg*", 
scarcely a single man returned alive. In the revolutionaiy 
war, she sent more men to Boston, immediately after the battle 
of Lexington, than any other town in the stat', — the colonial 
records say 189 men in s.x companies, one of which was a 
company of 45 horsemen, commanded by Capt. afterwards 
Gen. Samuel McLellan. a lineal ancestor of our youthful but 
already distinguished General of the same name. 

Woodstock can boast of having furnished her full share of 



WODDSroCK. 1^5 



eminent men in all the various walks and occupations of life. 

i This town was the birth piace of Itev. Dr Morse, of Charles- 

i town, Mass., father of the immortal inventor of the electric 

I telegraph. Ilure also were born Rev. Dr. Holmes, of Cam- 

! bridge, father of Oliver W.-ndell Holmes; Gen. Eaton of 

I African re^jutation, whose interesting career, long almost for- 

i gotten, is now awakening new interest in the minds of his 

I countrymen, as is iiianifesled by its lately forming the subject 
|.of an elaborate article in Harper's Magazine, and also by 

I another article in the Atlantic Monthly; Commodore Morris, 

I of the U. S. Navy, was also born here, <ind many others, livin<T 

i and dead, who have vlone honor tc their country and the town 

» ot their nativit3\ 



WOODSTOCK TOWN GOVERNMENT. 

Clerk, Treasure?' and Rejistrar, 
V.ZVII C. May. 

Selectmeji, 
Samuel M. Fenner, Asa Goodell, Hezekiah Bishop. 




p. O. ADDRESS— WOODSTOCK 

Arnord k Lake, Dry Goods and Groceries, 

Austin E Manufacturer. 

Austin W. B. 

Arnold Christopher. Manufacturer. 

Barrett Anson, Carpenter aud Joiner, 

Barrett Samuel, " "' 

Carroll Win. D. Painter. 

Cocking L. & Son, Satinet manufacturers. 

Fenner S. M. Dry Goods and Groceries, 

Fiynn Francis W. Blacksmith. 

Fisher D. Blacksmith. 

Green Marquis, Carpenter, 

Hammond Ezra, Shoe maker. 

Harris Bros. Twine manufacturers and Variety store, 

Lyon Judson M. Attorney at Law. 

Lake John, Sash and Blind manufacturer, 

Lester , Civil Engineer. 

Morse Jonah T. Shoe manufacturer. 

Marcy Lorenzo, Physician and Surgeon. 

Palmer Charles D Sash and Blinds. 

Stetson • John H. Carpenter and Joiner. 

Sanger Wm. Wheelwright. 

Shiith Geo. P. manufacturer. 

Sawyer Jam3S G. Artist. 

Sanger John, Wheelwright. 

Snow Walter P. Shoe manufacturer. 

Stoddard Geo. S. F. Attorney at Law. 

Tiffany E. Boot and Shoe maker. 

Warner T. & Son, (A. F.) Twine manufacturers. 

Warner Daniel, Twine manufacturer. 

Warner Thomas, Twine manufacturer. 

Warner Franklin, Hotel keeper. 

Whitney Wm. G. Miller. 

Young, Nelson, Butcher. 



P. O. ADDRESS— NORTH WOODSTOCK. 

Backus Thomas, Salesman L. M. Dean's carriage estab't. 
Dean I^eonard M. Carriage manufacturer. 
Lyon Albert, Carpenter. 
Lombard O. E. Blacksmith. 



WOODSTOCK. 117 



May E. C. & Co. Thread manufacturers. 

Masoa John A. Shoe manufacturer. 

May,. Kzra G. Dry Goods and Groceries, 

Morse Nelson, Wagon Spring manufacturer. 

Potter Stephen L. Judge of Probate. 

Smith & Stetson, manufacturers of Cotton goods, 

Rawson Charles D, Dentist. 

Royce N". B. Hotel keeper. 

Wells Henry, Saw and Grist mill. 

W^hitney Wm. S. Saw and Shingle mill. 

Witter Asa, Physician and Surgeon. 

P. O. ADDRESS—EAST WOODSTOCK 

Brunt A. J. Blacksmith. 

Chamberlin Palmer, Cooper. 

Chandler Perley, Harness maker, 

Chaffee Peter, Wagon maker. 

Dean Ezra, Tanner and Currier, 

Lyon Elisha, Blacksmith. 

Mason Oliver M. Painter. 
I Morse Nathan E. Sash and Blind manufacturer. 

I ]'aine Geo. A. Dry Goods and Groceries. 

I Phipps Edward D. Plow and Rake manufacturer. 

i Rivers F. X. Merchant Tailor. 

I Sanger Abiel, Wheelwright. 

{ Whitney Pliny C. Dry Goods and Groceries. 

j Walker James, Blacksmith. 

I P. O. ADDRESS— WEST WOODSTOCK. 

I Bradford Milton, Physician and Surgeon. 

Bruce A. K. Hotel keeper. 
I Brown & Marcy, Saw and Shingle mill. 

I Gri*'ggs 4* Stetson, Saw and Shingle milL. 

i Hiscox Alba, Saw and Shingle mill 

j Marcy & Chamberlin, Saw and Shingle mill. 

I Rich Rufus K. Dry Goods and Groceries. 

I Wyllis Dimmick, Blacksmith. 

I Williams John F. Attorney at Law. 

j P. O. ADDRRESS— WOODSTOCK VALLEY, 

i Kenyon Eli, Cassimere manufacturer. 

I Kenyon Joseph, Cassimere manufacturer. 

i Leonard Wm. Grocery store, 

i Leonard Thomas C. Grocery store. IQ* 



L. M. DEAN, 



Carriage Mauiifattor, 



NORTH WOODSTOCK, CT. 




Kee])S constantly on hand, and manufactures to order every descrip- 
tion of 

Carriao-es and Harnesses, 

His stock com;-»rises 

Oarryalls, Chaises, Phaetons, Open and Top 

Buggies of ev3ry Description, 

EIPEISS WAGOI^S, SKELETONS, &o., &c. 

Repairing in all its branches, done at short notice. 

R cT max' 

Dealer in 



,ii-v^ 



iff irtf mm €#©iiS| 

Flour, Grain, Feed. 

FAMILY GROCERIES & PROVISIONS, 

Drugs and Medicines, Boots, Shoes, Hats, 
CAPS. HAEDWAEE and OEOOKEEY, 

ISTORTH "S^OOIDSTO CK, OO?- 



ARNOLD 8l LAKE, 

BEALEESIN DRY GOODS, GEOOERIES, 

Boots, Slioes, ^e. 

Post Office Building, - Woodstock, 



HISTORY OF PUTNAM. 



[The histories of Putimm and Thompson were not received in 
season to go in tlieir appropriate phiccs.] 

The Town of Putnam is 20 square miles in extent, lying on 
both sides of the Quinebaug Kiver, extending to the Rhode 
Island State line on the East, and being about 7 miles from 
the Miissachusetts State line on the North, having an average 
breadth of about 4 miles and is about 7 miles in length from 
East to ^Vest, being bounded by Woodstock and Pomfret on 
the west, Thompson on the north and Killingly on the south. 
It contains about 3300 Inhabitants, and has but one village of 
any size within its hmits. It was original y a portion of 
Thompson, Pomfiet and Killingly. It was incorporated by the 
Legislature in 1855, after one of the most severe and bitter 
struggles with the old towns from whom it was taken that 
the St:ite has ever known. The contest was commenced in 
1849, and continued through the successive years; each Legis- 
lature was besieged by the friends and opponents of the meas- 
ure; Lobby -members reaped a golden harvest ; and much other 
business was seriously embarrassed by this bitter and useless 
strife ; past politics was invoked by both sides ; to the demo- 
crats it was going to make a whig town and leave the old towns 
hopelessly whig, a result to be tearfully dreaded ; and to the 
whigs, it wculd nakea dtmcciatic tcwn and inevitably fix de- 
mocracy as the ruling power in the old towns and thus ruin 
the state and county ; to the miserly man the taxes would be 
increased enormously in both the old and the new town. The 
legislature becoming finally wearied of a never ending importu- 
nity, incorporated the town and let all the direful calamities 
come if they would, but strange to say, none of them ever 
came. It numbered 2319 inhabitants ; 9 1-2 square miles 
and 1876 inhabitants being taker from Thompson, and 7 1-2 
square miles and 275 inhabitants taken from Killingly, 3 
square miles and 168 inhabitants taken from Pomfret at the 



120 PUTNAM. 



j time of its incorporation. The original petition included that 
j part of Woodstock known as Harrisville, but was finully aban- 
I doned, it having arrayed among the combatan s the town of 
j Woodstock. 

I The village of Putnam is the centre of all the business done » 
! in its limits, being on the line of the Norwich & Worcester 
railroad and easy of access from all parts ot the town, and to 
all its inhabitants. The village contains about 2700 inhabi- 
tants, being more than three-fourths of all the inhabitants of 
the town. Here are all the stores, public offices, records, 
Physicians, Attorneys and business of the town. Its streets 
are thronged from earl}' morn until late at night with a busy 
crowd ; neighboring farmers are here seen from Woodstock 
and Pomfret, peddling their vegetable crops and the products 
of their farms. 

There is no town or village that exhibits more thrift, enter- 
prise and life than this busy little town. It has been known 
at different times under the name of " Pomfret Factory," 
" Pomfret Depot," " Wilkinson," " Quinebaug" and "Putnam." 
It was originally known before the building of the Norwich & 
Worcester railroad through it, as " Pomfret Factory Village." 
Here was erected the second cotton manufactory in the United 
States, it was consumed by fire in 1849 ; it was commenced in 
1804 and raised on the 4th day of July 1805. 

The Falls of the Quinebaug River at Putnam are among 
the finest in New England and were originaly known among 
the Indians and in the early history of the county as the "Nip- 
mack Falls," The Nipmuck tribe of Indians calling them after 
their own name they inhabiting the banks of the Quinebaug in 
this vicinity. Here was erected a grist mill in the early days 
of the county to grind the white man s Indian corn, it was for 
many years prior to 1704, known as the "Cargil Mill" being 
owned by one Cargil and was the resort for the inhabitants in 
those days, for many miles around. The water power, mill 
privilege and some two thousand acres of land around were 
sold in 1804, to the Pomfret Manufacturing Company; amaig 
the most active members of this company, and one to whom the 
village and town of I'utnam owe, more th« n to any other, their 
prosperity, was Smith Wilkinson, the father of Edmund Wil- 
kinson ot Putnam, the present owner of a large atnount oi wa- 
ter power and land in and around the village. He died here 



PUTNAM. 121 



in 1854, a model of industry and honesty, one ot the fathers of 
Cotton Manufacturing in the county. Samuel Slater, the foun- j! 
der of cotton spinning in this country, the father of the Slaters || 
at Webster, was an Englishman, and came to this country soon i| 
after the discovery of cotton spinning in England, where he had i j 
learned something ot the art and mystery of the business. He || 
soon became acquainted with Ozias Wilkinson ofPawtucket, jj 
the father of Smith Wilkinson, who was at that time a black- |j 
smith and anchor maker at that place. Young Slater interes- i| 
ted him in the then wonderful business, and he was induced, i | 
with some others to hire an old building and invest what they ij 
had in the new enterprize, and young Slater was set at work to jl 
build and arrange the rude machinery, and here it was that the | 
first cotton yarn was spun in America, through the efforts of i 
Ozias Wilkinson, on machinery, that in these days would be ta- | 
ken for agricultural purposes instead of cotton spinning. Smith 1 1 
Wilkinson, then a young man, worked for his father in the tac- jj 
lory, and soon became acquainted with the business and so in- i; 
terested in it, that scarcely then twenty one years of age, he be- j 
gan the formation of a company for that purpose. The Pom- \ \ 
fret Manufacturing Company, of which young Wilkinson was || 
a member, gathered together a little capital at Pawtticket, and jj 
came to Connecticut in the spring of 1804, and purchased of 
Cargil his mill and privilege, and commenced the erection of a 
cotton factory. This was long before the invention of the wr; - 
ter power loom, and the yarn was spun in the factory, on the 
rude spinning frames and jennies, and sent out among the far- 
mers to be woven by hand. "Pomfiet Factory Village" was 
the resort of the mothers and grown up daughters for miles 
around, who came here to bring home their webs of coarse cot- 
ton cloths, woven in the family, on the old hand loom, and get 
the skeins of yarn to commence the new piece. It furnished 
the means of obtaining many a good "fit out" for the marriage 
day, and the houseful of daughters could by this means each ob- 
tain a good pair of sheets for the new goose-feather bed, with- 
out which no daughter was prepared to commence house keep- 
ing. 

Here in this village the rough, coarse cotton goods were bleach- 
ed and dyed, and during the war of 1812, often sold as high as 
fifty cents per yard, a good cloth, well calculated for the strong 
rough fathers of that age. The cotton was all hauled by ox 



122 



PUTNAM. 



teams from Irovidence, an J the cloth there found a market. — 
Among the poor farmers around, the Factory was a great place 
to make money, for here their children could all find em jloy- 
Uient. 

In 1826, a portion of the members having heen bought out 
by Smith Wilkinson, tiie prceiit stone mill at the lower village 
was erected, li I80O, James lihodes, of Pawtucket, K. 1., 
one of the -former members of the company, connnenced the 
e.-eation of the brick mill at the Upper Falls, now known as 
llhodjsville. 

In 183ol, the ^[orwich & Worcester railroad was opened 
throug'i the villan^e, and tiie hitherto secluded factory village, 
was brought nearer to a good market anJ easy and constant 
connnuoication with the cities, and bega to give signs of 
cliange. Bat little evidence and trace is now le.t of the old 
villagj, the land-m.irks are fast fading away, by the constant 
march of improvement. The old brick school house that like 
a light house, was always the first thing to be seen on entering, 
and the last on leaving the village, standing high on the hill 
back of the present Congjegatioual church has gone, and its 
place supplied by a five school building on the east of the vil- 
lage, near the i^uiet woods. The old barn and the little old 
dwelling on the opposite hill, seeming like a link that bound us 
to former days, have within the pasi; year, lallen and given 
place to the fine and costly residence of Harrison Johnson, 
Ksq. The old stone factory is there, but as if to make the 
contrast more strong, the superb and splendid country seat of 
K imund Wilkinson is placed in close proximity to it. The 
destructive hand of improvemei*t. has with seeming cruelty, 
almost swept away the last trace of one of the most historic 
villages in eastern Connetiticut. The little factory village 
burying ground, on the west side of the village, " where the 
rude fore fathers of the hamlet sleep,"' has been abandoned for 
the fine cemetery with marble monuments and iron railings, on 
the east of the village. 

Let him who in his early days knew Pomfret Factory village, 
if he would re-visit any of the old familiar scenes, come now, 
or it will he too late. 

In 1846, Hosea Ballou commenced and built the large stone 
mill, 200 feet long and 5 stories high, at the upper falls ; and 
about the same time, Milton S. Morse, George C. Nightingale, 



PUTNAM. 



123 



CrawforJ Allen and others, oF Providence, erestcl two other 
larire stone mills. Tlie vil!ag3 contains one woolen mill, and a 
new mill just finished by A. J. Currier, of Norwicn, and five 
cotton mills, operating about 1000 looms; a small portion of 
the water power is yet in opevation. 

T.iis is destined to be one of the largest villages in Connec- 
ticut, when the times shall warrant ttie profitable use of all the 
water power now lying idle, and running to waste over its rocky 
falls. The village contains six churches and places of ! uMic 
Worship, Baptist, Catholic, Congregationalist, Methodist, Spir- 
itualist and occasionally episcopalian. There are five public 
halls, a h jtel, a number of dry goods stores, and as large a imm- 
beroffine private dwellings as any village of its size in New 
JOno-'.and. No place in Ne.v Enghind oifers better opportuni- 
tiefto the nuc'ianic or capitalist thun the town which worthily 
bears the name of the honored dead, who sleeps in the quiet 
church yard ot the plensant village of Brooklyn, "Who dared 
to lead where any dared to follow.*' 



PUTMM DIRECTORY, 

P. O. ADDRESS— PUTNAM. 

Babbitt H. Blacksmith and Wheelwright. 

Brown H. N, Merchant Tailor and Post Master. 

Bradley I. L. Botanic Physician. 

Bailey Franklin, Book keeper. 

Brewster F. A. Shoe Store. 

Bartlett Richard \. Shoe Manufacturer. 

Barstow (Jr. F. Physician. 

Burlingham Walter, Miller. 

Bund3' Prosper, Painter. 

Clark Mrs. John B. Milliner. 

Carpenter Nelson, Mason. 

CI rk William II. Carpenter. 

Cutler Hobart, Flour and Grain. 

Cutler E. A. Cotton Manufacturer. 

Clarke Edgar, Civil Engineer. • 

Carpenter John, Mason. 

Chamberlin William H. Carpenter. 

Chamberlin Francis, Carpenter. 

Carpenter C. F. Harne:,s Maker. 

Cutler & Tucker, Dry Goods. 

Carpenter John, Book-keeper, 

Capwell Thomas, Saloon. 

Dyer Wm. T. Daguerrian Artist. 

Darling John H. Jeweller. 

Darling Mrs. 11. Milliner.- 

Davison F. H. &Co. Flour and Grain. 

Durfe^ohn C. & Son, Blacksmiths. 

Dresser Mrs. A. Milliner. 

Freeman F. II. Cattle Drover. 

Fisher & Whitmore, Boot and Shoe Man'f'.s. 

Fox John 0. Station Agent. 

Fcnn S. P. Si C. N, Furniture. 

French H. M. Quinebaug Hotel. 

Flagg John L. Fruit and Confectionery. 

Gay Joseph S. Merchant. 

Goodspeed A. Music Teacher. 

Hough llenry W. Physician. 



PUTNAM. 125 



Herendeen H. Carpenter. 
Hazelhurst H. Surgeon Dentist. 

Holmes Lucian N. Agent for Emery Brothers' Agricultu- 
ral Machinery. 
Johnson H. Attorney. 
Keith O. E. Book Agent, 
Leech Henry, Groceries. 
Lincoln Charles F. Livery Stable. 
Lippett N. H. Section Master, N. & W. R. R. 
May Prescott, Deputy i heritf and Market. 
Manning J. W. Dry Goods. 
Morse M. S. &Co. ])ry Goods, and Man'fs. 
Olney W. M. Ready Made Clothing. 
Plimpton D. B. Druggist and Apothecary. 
Pierce i . M. Barber. 
Pressey Isaac, Railroad Agent. 
Pdffne Thomas L. News Depot. 
Pliillips G. W Attorney at Law. 
Randall Sanford H. Butcher. f 

Richmond (H. H.) and Williams, Dry Goods, | 

Ross John E. Manufacturer. ' !j 

Sea mans Horace, Judge of Probate. ji 

Sawyer E, Merchant. 
Segur Benj. Druggist and Apotheeary, 
Spauldinjy Stephen, Tin-Ware. 
Sharpe Wm. H. Dentist. 
Stock well D. R. Jeweller. 
Stone Simeon, Groceries. 
Sprague Mrs. S. C. Milliner. 
Smith Mrs. Mary, Milliner. 
Smith Riley E. Livery Stable. 
Thurbur Henry, Tailor. 
Talbot E. & W. Wheelwrights. 
Truesdell Albect, Architect. 
Tutjker Lindly, (see Cutler & Tucker.) 
Winslow Wm, Fish Market. 
Wilkinson E. Cotton Manufacturer. 
Whipple Horace, Mason. 
Williams Lewis, (see Richmond & Williams.) 
Whitford Jared, Mason. 

11 



WM T. DYEK, 

ALSO, AGENT FOR 
If IE. Ll^t .11 S ^' O SI n S'> 8 

SEWING MACHINE, 

This Machine ranks among among the best machines now in use 

on Mccoiuit of its durability and siui|»)i ity 

Mai-hii)es delivered ami ins ruction given at tb.e above b)— pvic**, 
Best of references given. Please call and examine this Machine 

at my residence. 

PUTNAM DEPOT, CT. 



stephi:n spaulding. 

At the old stand of S^)au!ding tt Nichols, No. 2 Bnck Blocli, 
Putnam, Ct. 

*- Having taken great pains in se'ecting a Ia»-ge lot of Cooking and 

I'iirlor Stoves, is piepared tosliovv his cnstomeis onp-of tlie 
if BEST ASSORTMENTS to be found iu ti.e county, among which are 

THE MODEL STOVE, 

STEWARTS AIR TIGHT, 

Harp, Pilot, Banner, New England, State Leader, 
Victor, Fame, &o. Also on hand, 

TIN and JAPANNED WAE"?, 

Lead Pipe, Pumps, Wooden Ware, Sinks, Oven Mouths, Sad 
Irons, Coal Hods, l*atent (jj^i-id irons, Bird Cages, &c. 

ALSO, AGP^iNT FOR 

EL. I. SPRIT'S r./tTE,^T 

India llubber X^aint for Tin Hoofs. 



J. W. MANNING, 

Dealer in 
JPoreig-n and Domestic 



Consiaritly on hand, a large and varied assortment of 

Silks, SliaAvls, Cloaks, 
TALMAS, CLOTHS, 

DRESS AND FANCY GOODS, 

in all the new styles and fabrics, as fast as they appear in 
the market. 



S. P. & C. N. FENN, 

Manufacturers of, and Wholesale ani Rjt.iil Dealers in 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. 

i"catl)cr Bciiii, itlatm^scs, 

|, Looking Glasses and Looking G-lass Plates, 

li Plain, Ornamental, Gilt, and Wood Picture Frames, Curtain Fixtures, 
!! Tassels, Cord and Cornices, Metallic, M:»hoo;ony, Black Wal- 

II nut and Imitation Walnut Coffins, Coffin Plates and 

1 1 Shrouds. Also, a Hearse to attend Funerals. 

Furniture Eepaired, Upholstered and Varnished 

l>ros. i <fe 3. Fenn's Block, Mlain St. P»XJTN'A.]VI. 

i' Harness Maker and Carriage Trimmer, I 



Particular attention paid to Repairing, Cleaning & Oiling Harnesses. 
Shop oppos te Urick Block, Putnam. 



RICHMOND & WILLIAMS, 

Dealer in 

FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC 

Sftt tOOBi, 

PUTNAM. 

constantly on hand, a large assortment of 

DeLainss, Oaslimeres, Thibets, Prints, 

BX^ACIi ana JiP^AiVCY SILKS; 

Gloves Hosiery, Erabroderies, Dress Goods, Hoop Skirts, &c. 
We also keep a good assortment of 

CHOIC E FAM JLY GROCERIES. 

D. B. PLIMPTON, 

PHYSICIAN AND APOTHECARY, 

PUTNAM, CT. 

DEALER IN DRUGS, CHEMICALS, 

Toilet Articles, Paints, Oils, Dyes, Books & Stationery. 

Medicines furnished, advice given, and visits promptly made. 

H. N. BROWNT 

tltltBiBf fMi® 

And Dealer in 

GENTS. FURNISHING GOODS, &C. 

No. 4 Brick Block, - - - Putnam. 



m^ 



nSHER Sf VTHITMORE, 

Manufacturers of Women's Misses' and Childrens' Pegged 

BOOTS AND SHOES. 



E. M. PIERCE 

Does the 

SHAYINO AND HAIR DRESSINQ, 

In I? Li til ti 111 , 

and win furnish all with his excellent 

I Dyes, Oils, Tonics, Perfumery, E^zors &o,&c. 

i Saloo?i in Potter's Block, opposite the Depot. \ 



\ ! 



IP QUINEBAUG HOUSE, 

Ji& Putnam, Ct, i 

This House now oflfers the best accomodations to the trayelling pub- j 
lie, an > a pleasant, agreeable home to regular boarders. \ 

The Proprietor will also keep constantly on hand for sale. 

Carriages, Buggies and Business Wagons, | 

of every description, all made of the best material and in the latest style. | 

RESIDENT DENTIST, 

Office in Brick Block, up Stairs, Putnam. 

FASHIONABLE TAILOR, 

Continues his business at the old stand, opposite the Depot, where 
all orders ia the line of his profession will be promptly attended to. 



11^ 



HISTORY OF THOMPSON. 



On what is now the beautiful village green, bearing so many 
marks of civilization and refinement, on the part of the sur- 
rounding villagers, once, before civilization and refinement had 
begun their tasteful work hereabout, stood the courtly wigwam 
of Quinnatisset, a chief of the Nipmucks. A little east of 
the village was one of tho forts or strongholds of the tribe. 
For generations this tribe of Indians had hunted these forests 
and fished these streams. Here, for generations, they worship- 
ped the Great Spirit, and here, at lust, ujider the preaching of 
Occura, some were led to embrace Christianity. Eut long ago 
the rain washed out the last foot print of the red men and even 
their graves sunk to the level of the common earth. The Nip- 
mucks were the " original proprietors." 

Thompson, then a part of the town of Killingly, was first 
settled by whites, early in the eighteenth century. This whole 
territory was conveyed by letters patent from the Crown to 
Thompson, Saltonstall, Wolcott, Davy and others. The first 
recorded deed, of several hundred acres in the centre of the 
town, is dated April 10th, 1716, and is from Josiah Walcott 
and Mary, his wife, of Salem, Mass , to John Sabin. In 1728 
the people formed themselves into an ecclesiastical society, 
called at first the " North Society of Killingly," and then the 
" Thompson Parish.'' Jonathan Clough was Moderator of the 
first society meeting, held July 9th, of that year. Thompson 
Society became the town of Thompson, in the year 1785, as 
the following record shows i — 

'-' At a General Assembly of the State of Connecticut, hold- 
ed at Hartford, on the second Thursday of May, Anno Domini 
1785 :~ 

Upon the memorial of the Town of Killingly, in the County 
of Windham, showing that said town is about eighteen miles 
long and seven miles wide, that the inhabitants are becoming 
very numerous and their situation such that many cannot con- 



THOMPSON. 131 



veniently attend their town and freeman's* meetings, and pray- 
;: ing for a division of said town in manner following, viz : that 
\] the North society in said town, called Thompson Parish, may 
! be iiTCorporated and made a distinct town by itself: — 

Resolved by this Assembly, that the North Society or Parish 
in said town of Killingly, and the inhabitants thereof bo, and 
they are hereby incorporated, constituted and made a distinct 
town by the name of Thompson, (f-c,'^ 

At the first town meeting, seventy-eight persons were enrolled 
as freemen. Jason Phipps was chosen moder^ator ; Jacob 
Dresser, Town Oierk ; Thomas Dyke, Paine Converse, Simon 
Larned, Jason Phipps, and Stephen Brown, Selectmen, Gen. 
Daniel Larned was the fir~t representative of the town in the 
General AsseiuMv. 

In 18,50. the population was 4638. In 1855, the south- 
easter;! portion of the town was set off, to form in pai-t the 
I' town of Patnam, by which the area, population and wealth of 
jj Thompson was consiJorabiy dimiuis'ied. Before this division, 
it was the largest and wealth?6st town in the county. 

The village at the centre, is one of the most pleasant and 
healthy in Eastern Connecticut, It standson "a commanding 
eminence," and from many points in the neighborhood, the 
scenery, though not bold and wild, is picturesque and beautiful. 
Within the limits of the town, along the several streams, there 
are a number of thriving njanufacturing villages, — Meehanics- 
ville, Keadville, Masonvillc, Fisherville, Wilsonville, New 
Boston, East Thompson and Quodduck, 

Partly in this town and partly in Webster, Mass., reposing 
between the hills, is one of the largest and most romantic lakes 
to be found in the vicinity. The Indian name is Chargogga- 
goggmanchogaggogg. The lake, following its indendations, is 
said to be sixty mile^ in circumference. 

The first ecclesiastical society was formed in 1728, The first 
meeting house was built in 1729 ; the second in 1816, and the 
present house in 1856, The Congregational church was or- 
ganized in 1730. The first minister of the town, and pastor 
of the church just named, was Kev, Marston Cabot. He was 
ordained in 1730, and died in 1756. In 1757, Rev. Noadiah 
Russell was ordained, and died in 1795. The third pastor. 
Rev. Daniel Dow, D. D., was ordained in 1796 and died in 
1849. The present pastor, Rev. Andrew Dunning, was in- 
stalled in 1850. 



i 



132 THOMPSON. 

A six-principle Baptist churcti was organized in 1750 ! 
throuo'h the eflforts of Klder Wightman Jj;cobs, who seems to I 
have been its only pastor, dying among his people. This | 
church became extinct about 1772. ! 

The first Calvinist Baptist church in the town, was formed j 
Sept. 9th, 1773. On the day the church was constituted, they j 
called Elder John Marlin to be their minister. He held that { 
office with them till Oct. 12th, 1797. Then followed :— i 

Parson Crosby, from 1798 to 1819. John Nichols, from i' 
1819 to 1821. ^ Arthur A Koss, from 1821 to 1823 James ! 
Grow, from 1823 to 1834. Bela Hicks, from 1834 to 1836. j 

In 1836, the church separated into two branches, and wor- j 
shipped in two places. The pastors were, 

Central Branch,— Bela Hicks, from 183G to 1837. Hervey 
Fittz, from 1837 to 1839. Silas Bailey, from 1839 to 1842. 
L. G. Leonard, from 1843 to 1845. Charles Willett, from 
1845 to 1846. 

East Branch. —James Grow, from 1836 to 1837. James 
Smither, from 1838 to 1840. N. Branch, from 1841 to 1842 
James Grow, from 1844 to 1845. 

In 1846, the church was divided and two distinct churches 
formed. '• The Central Thompson Bapt'st Church," and the 
" East Baptist Church," The pastors were. 

Central Church, -C. Willett, from 1846 to 1847. T. Dow- 
ling, from ;848 to 1851. E. U. Warren, from 1852 to 1853. 
M. Curtis, from 1854 to 1857. i^. S. Morse, from 1858. 

East Church,— J. Grow, 1846, J. C. Carpenter, from 1847 
to 1849. L. W. Wheeler, from 1850 to 1852. J. B. Guild, 
1853. P. Mathewson, from 1854, the present pastor. 

The old church worshiped in four meeting houses. The 
fir..t was built at Brandy Hill. When it was built is not known. 
The second was built at the same place, in 1803. The third 
was built at the centre of the town, 1836. The fourth was 
built at Brandy Hill, in 1845. 

Tnere are three Methodist churches in the town. The 
church in West Thompson was organized about the year 1795. 
Fisherville church in 1842. East Thompson church in 1843. 

The present pastors are, — West Thompson, llev. John W. 
Case ; Fisherville, llev. E. C. Stanley ; East Thompson, Rev. 
Walter Ely, 

In the Central villao;e, a flourishing; Family and Classic 
School has been in operation for several years, under the care 
of Rev. A. Rawson and Mr. H. S. Parker, A. M. 



p. O. ADDRESS— THOMPSON. \ 

Arnold William L. Merchant. | 

Bridgtord George, Machinist. [ 

Bates NValter, Cabinet maker. 

Baldwin A. B, Carriage maker. ! 

Cunningham J. M. Station Agent. i 

Crosby Stephen, Hotel keeper. 
i Cranskee James, Shoe Dealer. 

1 Comins Waldo, Harness maker. 

! Crosby T. Pres. Thompson Bank & Judge of Probate. 

Cundall George A. Painter. i 

Case William R. Shoe manufacturer. ' 

Elliot Hannah M. Milliner. i 

I Emlot Anthony, Miller. 

j Eddy John, Blacksmith. 

j Graves T. E. xVttorney at Law. 

Holbrook L. Physician and Surgeon, i 

Hill James, Blacksmith. | 

Joslin George B. Shoe maker. j 

Kinney Danforth, Carpenter. I 

Knight Erastus, Variety Store. 

McGreggor John, Physician and Surgeon. 
j Munyon James M. Groceries. 

j Mills Andrew, Music Teacher. 

Nichols Benj. 0. Machinist. 

Olney Jeremiah, Dry Goods and Groceries. 

Popeland Daniel, Stone Cutter. 

Randall John S. Shoe Manufocturer 

Rawson Alanson, Boarding School. 

Sharpe Theo. F. Cashier Thompson Bank. 

Shaw George W. Comb maker. 

Sharpe Charles H, Merchant. 

Sherman Isaac, Dry Goods and Groceries. 

Upham R. Carpenter. 



P. O. ADDRESS— WEST THOMPSON, 
Brayton Charles E. Shoemaker. 
Randall James, Cotton Twine Manufacturer. 



134 



THOMPSON. 



Ramsdell Hezekiah, Mani^-facturer, 



P. O. ADDRESS— ^E\V BOSTON. 

Jordan Parley, Ed_re Tool ManuFaetarer. 
Young RaFus, [lotei keeper. 

P. O. ADDRESS— FISHERVILLE. 

Adams Saiuue], Dry vjoods and Groceries. 

]5Lirge.'.« Da ibr!i, i*lill\vriQ;ht. 

Converse Jesi-e, Blscksiidth. 

Capron Luthd', Agent Mlg. Co. 

Capron A. Bjck keojier. 

Jen>iings Benjamin, Carpenter and Joiner. 

MiMer -Depot JNIaster. 

►Sherman Isaac, Merchant. 
"Wood Asa, Carpenter 



tHOMPSOH TOWlf GOVEENMENT. 

Clerk, Treasurer and Reyistrar, 
Erastus Knight. 
Selectmen, 
Dyer N. Elliott, Edward .Aldrich, Welcome Bates 






H138 75 S'*? 






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