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3 1833 01068 6449 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 

(S^eneral ^Robert anlierson 

"Long after Fort Sumter shall have crumbled away, 
brightly will stand forth the example of Anderson as 
that of a soldier true to his standard, and of an Ameri- 
can true to his country." 

Historic Homes and institutions 

Genealogical and Family History 



Mfiiiber of Loiik Island Historical Society; Aiulior of "Old New York Ho 
••Early Long Island Wills," ■' Records ot Soutlianipton, Lont; Island,' 
•• History of Sniitlitown. Long Island," etc., etc. 

"// /,s- a thing of no small iinpdrlain-r Id possess llic relics of our ain-rstors. Ii 
practice the same sacred riles, and to he hurled hy their side." — Cicero, 






2 1118109 


T 1 1 K Discovery 1 

X, The Settlement 7 

The Dutch Governors 18 



TiiK Topography of the Early City 27 

The First New York Directory 37 


The First Letters I'Rom New Netherland 52 

Fort Amsterdam 62 

The Dutch Church 75 


The nriinbcr of l)i)oks, reiating to the history of New York, 
which have been written in recent years, l)y no means exhaust 
the suljject. To do st) would i-etfaire a series of vohunes hirger 
tlian tlie encyclopaedias, and far more numerous. Some of the 
most valuable works are monographs upon i)articular sub- 
jects, admirably written and carefully prepared, and in some 
cases lasting memorials to the names of the authors. The great 
characteristic of the city has ItcMi its constant change. In con- 
versation with r.ri aged man he informed us that he had seen 
houses built in the days of Peter Stuyvesaut, and within his 
recollection evei-y house scmtli of Wall street had been destroyed 
or rebuilt. The same may be said of families. (Jf the "Knick- 
erbocker" names found in the list made by Dominie Selyns, 
scarcely a tithe remains, and c'ln be found in our present city 
directories. Their descendants however still remain in collateral 
branches and are proud of their "Knickerbocker" descent, 
though no longer bearing the ani'ient immes. The most i)rom- 
inent descendants of the Bayards are not Bayards, and the 
wealthiest and most distinguished descendants of the famous 
Governor of New Anjsterdam, are not Stuyvesants. If within 
the limits of these volumes any new facts have been given, or if 
anything can l)e found which would otherwise have been lost, 
the olgect of the author will be fully satisfied. It has been 
our desire to embrace as many families as possible who have 
been connected with the advancement of the city, whether they 
are of the ancient race, or newer arrivals. On the other hand, 


the ancient families fill a laiger space, and genealogy has been 
made a conspicuous feature. It will doubtless be noticed that 
some of the most prominent families are "conspicuous by their 
absence," Imt their history has so often been written, that it 
wcmM be imjiossible to make any valuable addition. 


Southampton, Tj. I. 

Genealogical and Family History. 



The discovery of America is the bouudary between the Mid- 
dle Ages and modern history. A numerous train of adventurers 
followed the track that the great Columbus had shown, and for 
a while the governments of Spain and Portugal were the rulers 
of all that was known as the Western World. The Pope, in the 
p)lenitude of his tlien existing jiower, assimied tlie authority to 
divide between these two nations all lands not yet discovered, 
and greed for gold, which was the insiiiring spirit of their ad- 
venture, soon led to the conquest of those lands which abound- 
ed with precious metals and promised boundless wealth to the 
conquerors in return for their exposure and toil. But the true 
nature of the newly discovered lands was not known till long 
years after. To the early Spani'^h voyagers, America was but 
a distant portion of the Indies, and the name of Indians, which 
was given to the inhabitants, took its origin from this error, 
which though long since exploded, is still perpetuated in memory 
by the name which is likely to endui-e when the last relic of abor- 
iginal life has vanished from the continent. 

When at last it dawned u]ion the minds of Europeans that 
America was indeed a continent which interposed between them 
and the Indies, it then became the object of search to find a ])ass- 
age through or around the new found lands, which should be a 


shorter route to that tai' distant hind. It was for this purpose 
that every l)a\" and river ahing- the Athmtic coast was carefully 
explored in tlie vain hope that some one of them might be the 
anxiously souglit for passage to the far-off South Sea, across 
wliich their vessels might sail to what was then the synonym of 
wealtli, the Indies. 

The power of Spain and Portugal precluded all attemjjts on 
the parts of the northern nations to make discoveries in South 
Amei-ica, or to tlie south of Florida, the story of whose discov- 
ery by the lieroic adventurer, in his vain quest for the fountain 
of youth, seems a fragment from the realm of fable. But expe- 
ditions from France and England soon found their way to the 
northern coasts of the Xew World, and, in 1524, Giovanno da 
^^erazzano, a Florentine navigating in the service of Francis II 
of France, made a voyage along the eastern coast of what are 
now the southern and middle states of the Union, and, from the 
account which he gave, it was long believed that he was the first 
to enter the harbor of Xew York. The researches of modern his- 
torians have done much to thiow doubt upon the claims of dis- 
covery attril)nted to him. It is certain that no results followed 
his discoveries, no colonies were planted, and for long years his 
voyage seems to have been forgotten. In the year 1497 Sel^as- 
tian Cabot, a navigator in the service of England, sailed along 
the American coast from the oSth to the 58th parallel. This was 
the origin to the English claim which was destined in after years 
to be sustained Ijy the strong arm of military and naval power, 
the benefits ot which we as a nation now enjoy. 

It remains to state tlie circumstances, under which the Dutch 
became the founders of the first settlement of the territory now 
com])rising the state of Xew York. An association of merchants 
was established in Holland, having for its object the long cher- 
ished scheme of finding a route to China. The Comi)any of 


Foreign Countries had, in the year 1594, equipped three vessels 
to make the search. After a long and tedious voyage they re- 
turned without success. In 1595 seven more vessels tried the 
same experiment, but with no better success. The next year the 
Council of Amsterdam undertook the enterprise, and sent two 
vessels on the hopeless search. One of these was shipwrecked 
on the stormy coast of Nova ZenibUi, and its pilot, the famous 
Barentz, found a watery grave, while the other returned, driven 
back as it were by the Spirit of the Storms that seemed to guard 
the entrance to the Eastern World. 

A sudden change in the direction of these attempts was soon 
after made by an unlooked for circumstance. One Cornelius 
Houtman, "a shrewd Hollander," being in Portugal, took occa- 
sion to gain all the information he could from the navigators of 
that country respecting the Indies, and especially concerning 
the newly discovered route around the Cape of Good Hope. Be- 
ing looked upon with sus]jicion, he was arrested and fined. As 
the paAnnent of the fine was beyond his means, he wrote to sev- 
eral merchants in Amsterdam, narrating the circumstances, and 
proposing that if they would pay the fine, he, in return, would 
communicate to them the iuformation he had gained. This of- 
fer was accejited. and in 1595, a fleet of four vessels sailed from 
the Texei, under the connnand of Houtman and others, bound 
on the southern route to the Indies. At the expiration of two 
years and four months they returned with their object accom- 
])lished. and richly laden with the ])]-oducts of that far-off land. 
The success of this enterprise led to the formation of other com- 
panies, and the rivahy between them was so great that in 1602 
it was rendered necessary to unite them all. and hence the origin 
of the great Dutch Kast India Corii])any, which in after years 
astonished all Europi- with its extensive power and dominion. 



lu the meaiiwliile a company had been formed in London 
for the purpose of exjiloring the Arctic for a new route to 
China. To accomplisli this they phmned three expeditions — 
one to the north, one to the northeast and the third to the north- 
west. To condnet these ex])editions they employed Henry Hud- 
son, "a man about whom we have all of us heard so much and 






[A 1 









The Half Moon. 

know SO little," but who has left a name as enduring as any on 
the rolls of fame. In the employ of this company he made two 
voyages, both of which were unsuccessful, and thej' declined to 
take any further risk, and refused to equip the expedition for a 
third voyage. Hudson then went to Holland, and after some ef- 
fort enlisted their sympatliies in favor of his scheme. The Am- 
sterdam Directors finally succeeded in getting a majority of 
votes in its favor, and they fitted out a small vessel called the 


"Half Moon," and gave the command to Hudson, the whole of 
whose life, as known to us, is embraced in the short period from 
April 19, 1607, to June 21, 1611. The terms upoii which he made 
the voyage, so famous in its results, show too plainly not only 
the economical shrewdness of the Directors, but his own neces- 
sities as well. For his outfit and for the support of his wife and 
children he was to receive a sum equivalent to $320. If he did 
not live to return his wife was to have $80, while, if he was suc- 
cessful, the Directors were "to reward him in their discretion." 
Thus started by the Dutch East India Company he sailed from 
the Texel on May 6, 1609, with a crew of twenty men who were 
partly English and partly Dutch. After a long and tedious voy- 
age he arrived upon our shores, and on the 12th of September 
entered the Bay of Xew York, as a new discoverer. 

"His bark the only ship, 
Where a thousand now are seen." 

On the next day he commenced his sail up the river that 
bears his name. The sailing up the river was mostly drifting 
with the tide and anchoring when it ebbed. The first day it 
seems as if eleven and a half miles were sailed, and the first an- 
chorage was nearly opposite Spuyten Duyvil creek. From that 
place was visible a high point of land "bearing north by east," 
and about five leagues distant. This is supposed to be the 
Hoek mountain, above Nyack. This was called by the Dutch, 
in later years, Verdrietig Hoek, or Tedious Point, perhaps from 
the length of time that it took to pass it unless the wind was 
very favorable. The English called it "Point Xo Point," from 
the fact that when once reached its character as a point of land 
at once vanished and it ai'jpeared as a long mountain. On the 
14th the wind was favorable, and they sailed some thirty-six 
miles. ])assing the Pallisades and reaching the Highlands. Xo 
wonder the historian of the voyage (Robert Juet, the mate) re- 


marks, *"Tlie land grew very high and mouutainons." Beyond 
these they sa^y hiffh mountains that "hiy from the river." and 
denotes their view of tlie "Blue Mountains," now called the 
I'atskills. From this they drifted up to wliere the city of llud- 
soii was in after years, and here the river grew narrower, with 
shoals and small islands of meadow, as they are today. At this 
})oi]it the great navigat(;r saw that liis voyage was a failure, so 
far as its avowed object was concerned. He found himself in a 
river, and not, as he had hoped, in a strait wliich oi)ened to the 
Paciiic. His return down the river, his ((uarrels with the na- 
tives, his noticing the productions of the country, the "great 
store of goodly oaks, and walnut trees and chestnut trees, yew 
trees and trees of sweet wood," their difficulty in sailing through 
the Highlands, "liecause the highland hath many points and a 
narrow clianuel and hath many eddy winds" (as many shippers 
of sloops and schooners found to their sorrow in later years) ; 
the sangiiinai'y encountei- Avith the Indians, in which some were 
slain, and their reaching the harbor which they had left, about 
the first of Octobei- — all this is not a twice-told but a ten-times 
told tale. On October 4th they bid farewell to their discoveries 
and sailed straight for England, "without seeing any land l)y 
the way," and on the 7th of November the small Init ever fam- 
ous "Half Moon" airived at Dartmouth. 

In the next year, while upon another voyage of discovery. 
Hudson was set adrift in an open boat I)y his mutinous crew, 
and never heard from afterwards. Xo man can ever see his 
grave, bnt Hudson's Bay, Hudson's Straits and Hudson's Ri\-er 
are the monumeiits which will keep his name in everlasting re- 


AVhou Heiii-y Hudson returned to Holland, he Ijruuglit with 
hini no news of a newly discovered passage to India or China; 
l)ut he did ijring an account of a newly discovered land wliich 
promised great rewards to the trader and adventurer. Many 
things lead us to lielieve that almost immediately vessels owned 
by ]irivate individuals sailed for this new land of promise, 
where they could l)e free from any interference on the part of 
Spanish oi' Portuguese. Of these private voyages we know but 
little, and who were the connnanders and who they were that 
sailed with them, are as unknown as the brave men who lived 
before Agamemnon's time. 

A gleam of light uj on what was i)rol)ably the tirst attemi)t 
at settlement has lieen discovered in recent years. Among the 
many religious -ects that arose in the early \vavt of the seven- 
teenth century Avas one caUed the Labadists. They jn'ofessed 
a sort of mysticism, "regulating their lives by the divine light 
of the inner man. and seeking to bi'ing together all the elect of 
riod separate from tlie world into one visible church which as 
they said, 'like a city set u])on a hill, could not be hid.' " In 
doctiine they held the tenets of the Dutch Reformed Church, 
but tliey also maintained other o])inions, and adopted practices 
not recognized by tlie authority of that chur<'h. Its founder, 
Jean de Labadie, was liorn near Bordeaux, in KilO, of a good 
family, and was an enthusiast, believing himself to be inspired by 
(r';d and chosen by him to luiild u)i his church on earth. Orig- 
inallv a desuit. edurated in the college of that order, and or- 


dained a priest, he developed great powers of eloquence and at- 
tained high honors. He became distinguished for his zeal, and 
insisted upon the necessity of reading the Holy Scrijjtnres, and 
caused a large number of copies of the New Testament in the 
French language to be sold. It is not strange that his views in 
regard to the Jesuits should have undergone a change. He aft- 
erwards became connected with the Jansenists, to whom the 
Jesuits were bitter enemies ; in 1650 he totally abjured the Cath- 
olic religion and was ordained a Protestant minister, and his 
followers took the name of Labadists, and were very numerous. 
He afterwards went to Denmark in order to enjoy full religious 
toleration, and died there in 167-1-, "satisfied that his mission on 
earth was accomplished and the church established." His fol- 
lowers seem to have resembled the Quakers more than any other 

In 1679 Jaspar Dankars and Peter Sluyter, two of the 
Labadists, came to America and made an extended tour. Land- 
ing in New York, they labored to make converts, and among 
them was Ej^hraim Hermans, the oldest son of Augustine Her- 
mans, famous in the early history of our city. The journal kept 
by the two Labadists has been translated by Hon. Henry C. Mur- 
phy, to whom all readers of history owe a debt of gratitude, and 
has been published by the Long Island Historical Society. In 
this journal occurs the following interesting statement: 

"While in their company we conversed with the first male 
born of Europeans in New Netherland, named Jean Vigiie. His 
parents were from Valenciennes and he was now about sixty- 
five years of age. He was a brewer, and a neighbor of our old 
people. ' ' 

According to this, Jean Vigne must have been born in 1614, 
which is the very earliest period conn)atible with the sojourn of 
any Hollanders upon the island of Manhattan. In later years 


Jean Vigno was a man of distinction, and the owner of a large 
tract of land on the nortli side of AVall street. In 1655 he was 
one of the schepens of New Amsterdam, and belonged to the 
class of great hnrghers. He died without issue in 1691. Pi'e- 
vious to the discovery of this journal, the credit of being the 
first white child born in New Netherland was given to Sarah de 
Kapaljie, wlio was born June 9, 1()25. If the statement is true, 
and there «eems no reason to doubt it, Jean Vigne was the first 
child born of European parentage in the United States, north of 
Virginia. The com])any of which his ])arents were a part must 
have been among the very first to avail themselves of the infor- 
mation brought home by Hudson, and sailed witli the intention 
of making a settlement. Vessels for trading purposes only had, 
however, sailed for this region before, their principal object be- 
ing to procure furs, witli which the land abounded, and which 
could be obtained from the natives, in exchange for articles of 
trifling value. In 1612 a ship was fitted out by Henry Chris- 
tiansen and Adriaen Block, and although they sailed in the 
same vessel, they made one Ryser the captain. Their voyage 
was successful, and they returned with a cargo of peltries, and 
bringing with them two of the natives, sons of cliiefs. They 
then fitted out two shii)s, named the "Fortune" and the 
"Tiger," the former under the connnand of Christiansen, while 
Adriaen Block was cai)tain of the latter. They are supposed to 
have sailed early in KJK). Ujion arriving on the American shore 
Christiansen formed the idea of establishing a trading post to 
which the Indians could bring the skins for a market. Acting 
upon this, he made a landing and erected several small houses, 
roofed with bark. Such were the first habitations of civilized 
men ui)on the island of Manhattan. It is a inatter of interest to 
know the exact location of these few houses, and it is believed 
that the ])uilding No. ?y^) Broadway marks the spot. In the mean- 


wliiU'. Adi-iaeii P^lock liad cit'ici- returned to Holland or had gone 
witli his s]ii)i on a fnrtlier voyage of diseoA^ery. 

Wliile Christiansen Avas enga.oed in making his new settle- 
ment, an English armed vessel sailed into the harl)or. It was the 
only one left of tlii'ee which had l)een sent to attack tlie French 
settlements in the Bay of Fnndy. The cajitain of this ship 
promptly asserted the claim of England, and tlie new settler 
had the choice of seeing liis settlement destroyed or of paying a 
sniall tribute in recognition of the English claim. Under the 
cii-cumstances the latter was chosen, and the English captain 
returned home, comforted hy the thought that he had main- 
tained his conntrv's claim. Christiansen then went up the river, 
and erected at what is now Albany, a fort, which was the first 
fortification built in the territory embraced in the Empire State. 
Tt was u])on an island in the river, and he named it Fort Nassau. 

A\'hile his ])artner was engaged in building this fort, Adriaen 
Rlock. with the "Tiger," was hing at anchor in Xew York bay. 
The shi]) took fire and was entirely destroyed. He immediately 
undei'took the difficult task of building a new vessel, and in the 
S])ring of l(n4 he comi)leted a ship of sixteen tons burden, thir- 
ty-eight feet keel, forty-four and a half feet "over all," and 
eleven and a half feet beam. To that little vessel, in which very 
few would now he willing to risk an Atlantic voyage, he gave 
the name of "Oiirust" or "Restless." With this he began 
new explorations. Sailing u]) the East river, he was fortunate 
enoush to esca]ie the dangers of Hell Gate, and entered Long- 
Island Sound as the first discoverer. He coasted the northern 
shoi-e. entei-ed the harbor of Xew Haven, which the Dutch 
called in after years " Hodenlierg," or "Red Hill." sailed up the 
Connectii nt, which, in contradistinction to the salt waters of 
the Hudson, he named the "Fi-esh Water river." Returning to 
the Sound and advancing to the east, he discovered the island 


that still bears his nnnic. and was the tirst to estal)lish the fact 
that Long Island was an island in reality, and not a ]iart of the 
main land. Continuing to advance, lie coasted the New England 
shore as far as Salem. Upon his return, when near Cape (^d, 
he fell in with the ship of Christiansen, who, by a strange fate 
had been killed by one of the Indians whom he had taken to 
Holland, and his shiii was returning home under the command 
of one Cornelius Hendricksen, whom some have supposed to 
he the son of the unfortunate settler. Here they exchanged 
vessels. Cornelius Hendi'icksen Avas directed to proceed with 
the "Kestless" to make further discoveries, while Block, with 
the other vessel, sailed for Amsterdam to report the result of 
his adventures, hie never returned to the scene of his discover- 
ies, or visited the regions he had ex]ilored. He entered the 
service of the "Northern Company" which was chartered in 
1()14, and in 1624 he was made commander of a fieet of whaling 
shi]is, and this is the last we know of Adriaen Block. One of the 
results of his voyage was the making of what is known as the 
"Figurative ^Fa])," ujion which Long Island ^a])]:)ears for the 
first time as se]iarated form the main land, and its insular posi- 
tion became fully known. 

Another result was the granting of a charter to a company 
of men, consisting of Gerrit Jacobz "Witssen, ex-burgomaster of 
Amsterdam, and the owners of the ship "Little Fox," "whereof 
Jan de Witts was skipper," and the owners of the two ships 
"Tiger" and "Fortune," and the owners of the ship "called 
the Nightingale," and giving them as a company the exclusive 
right to trade lietween the foi'tieth and forty-tifth jiarallels for 
four voyages to be made within three years, and to begin Jan- 
uary 1, ](il5, and all other jiersons were strictly forbidden, 
under ])enalty of confiscation of their vessel and a heavy fine. 
In this charter, dated October IL l(il4, a]>|)ears for the first 


time the name "New Netherland," and in the same month 
and year the name "Xew England" was given by the Elnglish 
to the adjoining regions. 

When the tliree years expii-ed, otiier merchants claimed 
the privilege of trading with the new lands, each company de- 
siring the exclnsive right. The original Xew Xetherland Com- 
pany, liowever, continned to exist, and was actively engaged in 
trading. In Febrnary, 1620, they addressed a petition to 
Maurice, Prince of Orange, the Stadtholder of the Eepnblic of 
the X'etherlands. Their object was to establish a permanent 
colony. It was rejiresented that "a certain English preacher, 
well versed in the Dutch language," was ready to found the 
new colony, and four hundred families were ready to go with 
him. This preacher was the famous John Robinson, and the 
families were English KSe|)aratists. This was very naturally 
considered the "golden ()])i)ortunity" for founding a colony. 
The directors of the Company were willing to furnish free trans- 
portation and sup]jly them with cattle. Had this proposal been 
embraced, New Xetherland would have received the finest class 
of settlers that ever landed on American soil. This project 
was not favored by the government, the principal reason being 
that as all the territory was claimed by England, it was un- 
advisable to colonize it with English settlers, even if they had 
adopted Holland as a dwelling i)lace. 

There is no better opportunity than this to relate briefly 
the history of the two great com])anies which, established in 
Holland, played so important a j^art in founding the colony of 
which our state is the successor. Holland had been for long 
years the great field of battle l)etween Protestantism and Koman- 
ism, and in this strife, after a sanguinary struggle, the former 
conquered. The "Twelve Years' Truce," made in 1609, ren- 
dered the States of Holland free forever fi-om the yoke of Spain 


and Romanism. Even during the long war, Dutch couunerce 
had vastly increased. Their shi]is sailed to every coast. The 
merchants who rescued Cornelius Houtman from imprison- 
ment in Portugal by paying the fine levied upon him, in return 
for the valuable information which he furnished, formed them- 
selves into a company and added others to their number, and 
the association was incorporated under the name of the "C*om- 
•pany of Distant Lands." In 1598 they sent a fleet of eight ves- 
sels, equally ])rcpared for trade or war, which sailed for the 
Indian ocean and retui'ued lichly laden with the i^roducts of 
the eastern woild. In l(i(!() another fleet of six vessels went to 
the East Indies and defeated the Portuguese in a naval battle. 
Many expeditions followed in rapid succession, and two of them 
even ventured on the long and dangerous voyage through the 
Straits of Magellan and across the Pacific; but most of them 
took the safer route around the Ca]ie of Good Ho]ie. I-^very 
effort was made by Spain to destroy the shi])s and bi'eak up 
the trade, nut without success. One result of this ])rofitablo 
trade was the competition between the various companies of 
merchants. The voyages were long and dangerous, their vessels 
had to encounter the enemies of the republic, and the ]irofits 
were greatlv reduced. The only remedy for that was consol- 
idation, and they were all united in a single national organiza- 
tion under the name of the "General East India Company," 
which received its charter in 1602. Its capital Avas the immense 
sum (for those times) of (),oOO,00() florins, or $2,600,000. The 
comimny had tlie ]n'ivilege of making treaties with the bar- 
barous ])owers in the East Indies, and could carry on war and 
make conquest of territories and erect fortifications for the ])iir- 
pose of holding and defending them. The objects of this com- 
pnny were carried out with the utmost skill and vigor. During 
the same year a fleet of fourteen ships were fitted out and were 


so successful that iu four years a dividend of seventy-five per 
cent was declared. Witliin seven years forty vessels, employing 
Rye thousand men, were sent to tlie eastern seas, and the re- 
ceipts reached the enormous sum of $12,000,000. Xo enterinise 
had ever heen crowned witli such well merited success. As 
curious items to show the profits of the trade we may mention 
that pepi)er, wliicli cost eleven cents a i)ound, was sold for 
thirty-two cents; cloves costini>- twelve and a half cents sold for 
$1.2(', while mace ))ought for sixteen cents, was sold for $2.40. 
It was while this company was in power that Henry Hudson 
sailed on his famous voyage. 

In 1597 the Dutch merchants were each separately granted 
the privilege of foniiing a company for the purpose of trade 
with the West Indies. Their companies were united iu one. 
On a plat of ground granted by the city in Amsterdam a ware- 
liouse was erected, and such was the origin of the "West India 
Company, so famous and powerful in later years. Its begin- 
ning was not so glorious, nor the first results so prosperous as 
its great rival. An expedition sent to Brazil met a worse enemy 
than Spain or Portugal, in the form of the yellow fever, of 
which more than a thousand men perished, and the design was 
abandoned, and its failure caused great delay in the formal 
establislmient of the company. 

The real founder of the West India Company was William 
Csselinx, a native of Antwerp, but a resident in Holland. Every 
argument and every means that could be used by a man who 
was intent upon one great object was used by him. Although he 
nad many able supporters, he had more than as many able oppo- 
nents. The jealousy of different cities had no small influence, 
and it was not until June 3, 1621, that its charter was duly 
signed and sealed. By this charter the States General author- 
ized the formation of a national societv of merchants, and to 


enable tlieiu to cany out their purpose a capital of seven million 
of florins (or $2,800,000) was to be subscribed, and four-ninths 
of this was to be held in shares by persons in Amsterdam. For 
the space of twenty-four years, after July 1, IGi'l, it was tu 
have the exclusive privilege of sending ships for trading pur- 
poses to the countries of America and Africa that bordered on 
the Atlantic ocean, while the remainder of the globe was as- 
signed to the East India Company. They had the same privi- 
leges of making treaties and alliances with princes and powers, 
and to erect forts in friendly and conquered territories, and 
the Directors could appoint governors and other officers and 
levy troops and lit out fleets. The Grovernor-General was to be 
appointed and commissioned by the States General. In case of 
actual hostilities, the general government was to provide 
twenty ships, while the Company was to man them and furnish 
all supplies, and also to furnish an equal number of vessels. 
One of the most important items was, that the Company had the 
privilege of exporting home manufactures, and of importing 
the products of the countries along the Atlantic free of duties 
for eight years. They were to "promote the populating of fer- 
tile and uninhabited regions." The capital required was not 
readily subscribed, but in 1G22 all vessels except those of the 
Company were forbidden to procure cargoes of salt in the West 
Indies, and six months later the entire capital was procured. 
On December 21, 1623, the first fleet was dispatched. It 
consisted of twenty-six vessels. The New Netherland Com- 
pany was entirely superseded, but New Netherland was not 
the main object of this enterjjrise. The fleet proceeded to Brazil, 
and San Salvador was captured, but lost the next year. In l()2(i 
vast treasures, which were about to be sent to Spain, were 
taken, and sugar alone, to the value of $148,000, was a part of 


the spoils. The climax of prosperity was in 1628, when the 
Spanish silver fleet was eaptnred, and the prize was $4,600,000, 
while other ))rizes amonnted to $1,600,000. A dividend of fifty 
]ier cent was declared in 1629, and another of twenty-five per 
cent in 1680. After that the Company declined; finally, bnr- 
dened with debt, it was dissolved in 1674, and a new West 
India C'ompany was organized in 1675, and continued its opera- 
tions in a feeble manner for a long period. At length, as a 
result of the French Eevolution, the two famous companies 
were swept out of existence in 1800. 

The establishment of the West India Com2)any furnished 
the first liasis for a regular form of government for New Xeth- 
erland. A small colony existed on Manhattan island, another 
on the upper Hudson, and another on the Delaware. The first 
director for all of them was Captain May, whose term expired 
in 1624, and he was succeeded by William Verhulst, but his 
care seems to have been confined to the Delaware Colony. Dur- 
ing his term an ex])edition was sent with especial view to col- 
onization. Four ships conveyed one hundred head of cattle 
and six families of forty-five persons, which were landed on 
^fanhattan island. The first real governor was Peter ]\Iinuit, 
who had the title of Director-General, and arrived in May, 1626, 
and with him the regular history of New Netherland begins. 
It is strange that the veracious Diedrich Knickerbocker, whose 
"History" has provoked so many smiles and an equal amount 
of frowns while narrating at length the career of "Walter the 
Doubter," "William the Testy," and "Peter the Headstrong," 
tells us nothing of Peter ]\[inuit, who preceded them all. 

In 1628, the States General granted a seal for New Nether- 
land, representing a shield bearing a beaver i)ro])er, over which 
was a count's coronet, and around the whole were the words, 
"Sio-illum Novi Belgii." 


The seal of New Amsterdam, with its crosses solitaire, is 
also here given. 


It is unfortunate that the history of the first few years of 
New Nether I and is involved in obscurity. Of the administra- 
tion of May and Verhnlst we know but little. With the arrival 
of Herr Director Peter Minuit, the real history begins. With 
him came his council, consisting of five members — Peter Bj^velt, 
Jacob Elbertsen Wisinck, John Jansen Brower, Simon Dirck- 
sen Pos and Re^^lert Harmensen. Their duties were to advise 
th.» Director upon all matters pertaining to the government of 
the colony, with a special eye to the advancement of the in- 
terests of the West India Company. They were also a court 
for the trial of offenses, but the ])unislniient was limited to a 
fine. Cai)ital cases were to be referred to the government in 
Holland. These councillors were termed schepens. The other 
officers were a secretary (Isaac de Rasieres), and a sellout 
fiscal, who combined the duties of sheriff and district attorney. 
The first to hold this position was John Lampe. 

Peter Minuit is said to have come from Wesel, a town of 
Rhenish Prussia, near the borders of Holland, which had been 
a city of refuge, and thousands of Protestants had fled thither 
to escape ])ersecution. He was a deacon of the Dutch Church. 
The ship in which he came to the New World was the "Sea 
Mew," and the first of his administration was to purchase 
the island from the aboriginal owners for the sum of sixty 
guilders, or twenty-four dollars. This was paid not in money, 
but in articles of trifling value and cost to the buyer, but dear 
to the hearts and of great value to the sellers. A ship named 



the "Arms of Amsterdam" arrived ou July 27, 1626, and sailed 
on a return voyage on the 23d of September, carrying the news 
of the purchase, and the following hotter comnnuiicated the news 
to the States General : 

"High Mighty Sirs. 

"There arrived yestrdy the shi]) the Arms of Amster- 

Peter Stuyvesant. 

dam, which sailed from New Xetlnland out of the ^lauritius 
Eiver, on Sei)teml)er 28; they rei)ort that our people there are 
of good eonrage and live peaceably. Their women also, have 
borne children there. They have bought the island Manhattes 
from the wild men for the value of sixty guilders, is 13000 mor- 
gens in extent. They sowed all their grain the middle of May. 
and harvested it the middle of August. Thereof being samples 
of summer grain, such as wheat, rye. Barley, oats, buckwheat, 
canary seed, small beans and flax. The cargo of the aforesaid 
shi]) is 17246 Beaver skins, 178T:, otter skins, 675 otter skins, 48 
mink skins, 36 wild cat (lynx) skins, 33 minks, 34 rat skins. 
Manv logs of oak ami nut wood. Ilerewith l»e ve High ^Mighty 


Sirs, Commended to the Almighty's grace. In Amsterdam 
Nov. 5, 1626." 

From the letter of Dominie Jonas ]\Iii'haelius we learn that 
Governor Minnit was one of the elders of the chnrdi. One of 
the most important acts of his administration was the granting 
to Killian Van Bensselaer an immense tract of land, twenty 
miles -wide, on each side of the Hndson river, and known as 
the manor of Bensselaerwyck. 

One of tlie results of early enterprise was an undertaking 
by the Walloon shipbuilders, to build a vessel. Timljer of the 
largest size was close at hand, and in 1630 they launched a ship, 
larger than any built in the Fatherland. According to some 
authorities this was of twelve hundred tons burden, but others 
place it as of eight hundred tons. This ship received the name 
of "New Netherland." Tliis was the second vessel built on 
Manhattan Island, the ship "Restless," built by Adriaen Block, 
being the first. The thirty houses already built was greatly in- 
creased in numbers, and in 1628 the inhabitants numbered two 
hundred and seventy. The fewness of these is in strange con- 
trast to the four thousand people already settled on James 
river, in Virginia, under the English government. 

Wliatever was done in the infant colony, the rights of the 
West India Company were held supreme. To advance their 
interests was the first duty of all officers, and the company did 
very little in return to protect or defend. It was ])robably 
because Director Minnit was more careful to advance the in- 
terests of the colony than the company that led to his recall, 
and in 1632 he, in company with the schout fiscal, Lampe, em- 
iiarked for Holland, and a new man reigned in his stead. He 
was afterward the projector of a colony on Delaware river, and 
established Fort Christiana, and is said to have died there in 


The next director, or governor, was Walter Van T wilier, 
immortalized in the veracious history of Diedrich Knicker- 
bocker as "Walter the Doubter." He had been sent as early 
as 1629 to select the site for the patroonship of his relative Van 
Kensselaer, and it is supposed that it was through his influence 
that Minuit was recalled. It was not till a year after the de- 
parture of the latter that Van Twiller arrived to take the 
directorship, in the ship "Salt Mountain," in April, 1633. With 
him came a force of one hundred and four soldiers. His council 
were men afterwards prominent in the settlement — Captain 
John Jansen Hesse, Martin Gerritsen, Andrew Hudde and 
Jacques Bentyn. The secretary was John Van Remund. At 
this time appears Cornelius Van Tienhoven, who was made 
"Book Keeper of Wages," and later i)layed an imi)ortant part 
in the annals of the city. Shortly after came Captain David 
Pietrsz de Vries, who wrote a book, published in 1655, giving 
a very interesting account of the Dutch settlements in the New 

But a far more important event occurred when, in April, 
1633, there arrived in the harbor an English ship named 
"William," which had been sent liy a company of London mer- 
chants to carry on a trade in furs upon the Hudson's river. 
This w^as the first actual attempt to enforce the claim of Eng- 
land to all that region. With this ship came one Jacob Elheus, 
who might be termed a renegade Dutchman, who had entered 
the English service, having for misdemeanors been dismissed 
from the employ of the West India Company. The captain of 
this ship, repudiating all title of the Dutch government, ad- 
vanced up the river to Fort Orange, and began to trade with 
the Indians. After some delay. Van Twiller sent a few small 
vessels with a com])any of soldiers, who soon compelled the 
English captain with his ship to return to ^lanhattan, where 


they were made to give up the store of furs which they had 
collected, and were sent back to England, where the captain 
related his grievances, which only added to the claims against 
Holland, to be enforced at a later day. About this time began 
a contest with the English colonies in New England, the details 
of which would fill a volume. Sufficient to sa}", the Dutch 
claimed the region on the Connecticut river, and the English 
conquered and held it. During the administration the fort, 
which had so long been building, was completed in 1635. 

It may be mentioned here that in the same ship with Van 
Twiller came Reverend Everardus Bogardus, the noted min- 
ister of the Dutch church. Under the direction of Van Twiller, 
several large boweries, or farms, were laid out, and the cultiva- 
tion of tobacco was greatly favored. In connection with this 
apijear the names of George Holmes and Thomas Hall, very 
prominent in after times. 

Trade had vastly increased. While in 1633 there were 
exported 8,800 beaver skins and 1,383 otter skins, valued at 
91,375 florins, or $36,550, in 1635 were exported 11,891 beavers 
and 1,413 otters, valued at $53,770. 

Director Van Twiller seems to have been a man of violent 
temper, addicted to drunkenness, and engaged in frequent 
quarrels with the minister, Bogardus, as well as others. But he 
greatly increased the extent of cultivated lands and during his 
term many important villages were founded, especially on Long 
Island. In September, 1637, he was recalled. As to his "un- 
utterable ponderings, " behold, are they not written in tliL' 
pages of the veracious Knickerbocker ! He remained in the 
colony for many years, devoting himself to the advancement 
of his own interests, in which he was successful. He after- 
wards returned to Holland, and died there in 1657. 

On ^lareh 28, 1638, came his successor, Willem Kieft, 



better known to some by the title bestowed upon liini by the 
veracious Knickerbocker as "William the Testy." He came 
in the shi]) "Haering, " of two hundred and eighty tons and 
mounting twenty cannon, which signalled his approach. His 
principal recommendation appears to have been a reputation 
as a person of determination and activity. In other particulars 
liis reputation was not above reproach. His power was prac- 
tically absolute. Instead of a council, he had only one associate 
and advisor, in the person of Johannes De La Montague, a 
physician, and a Protestant refugee from France. In this 
"council," if it could be called such, the director had two votes 
and He La Montague had one. The office of provincial was 
filled by Cornelius Van Tienhoven, who was formerly "Koop- 
man," or commissary and chief bookkeeper. The schout tiscal. 
or executive officer, was Ulrich Leopold, who was soon re](laced 
by Cornelius Van der Huygens. 

Governor Kieft found Fort Amsterdam dilapidated, the 
public buildings out of re|>air, the windmills out of order, and 
the eomiiany's boweries untenanted. The greatest disorder 
prevailed. Hlicit trading with the Indians was ])racticed, the 
•soldiers were insu))ordinate, and everything was in such a con- 
dition as to require a strong hand. To the West India Com- 
pany, Xew Xetherland was one of the most insignificant of their 
possessions, and little attention was ])aid to its wants or reijuire- 
ments. In 1(5.38 special orders were sent to the Directors to make 
liberal arrangements with new settlers in the mutter of a-.- piir- 
ing land. The I'esult was that new settlers arrived in -.^reat 
numbers, not only from Europe, but from Virginia and Xew 
England, thus introducing an English element, which ultimately 
absorbed or excelled all the rest, and under Kieft a period of 
]iros]ierity was insured. It was during his administration that 
a comparjv of English settlers from Lynn, Massachusetts, at- 



tempted to form a settlement at what is now Port Washington, 
in the toWn of Oyster Bay. Being driven off, they retired to the 
east end of Long IsUmd and there founded the town of South- 
ampton, the first English town on the island. 



(/'Yom tlic Xtii' York Mirror. /M^i^ 

During Kieft's term of office there was great trouble witli 
the Indians, with frightful reprisals on either side, and the out- 
lying settlements were almost entirely destroyed, but a peace 
was finally arranged. Hostilities, however, were soon recom- 
menced, and only ended after a fearful struggle. At the end, 
it is stated, that not over one hundred white men remained on 


the island of Manhattan — some had gone to Fort Orange 
(Albany), and many had retnrned to Holland. All the settle- 
ments on the west side of the river had been destroyed, and the 
Westchester region abandoned. In 1(i95 a more lasting peace 
was declared, and the colon}' was once more in a prosperous 

On the 11th of ]May, KUT, the disastrous administration of 
William Kieft came to an end. It was remarked by one of the 
historians of the time that in the early part of his term "one- 
fonrth part of New Amsterdam consisted of grog sho])s, or 
houses where nothing is to be got but tobacco and beer." In 
1()47, Governor Kieft sailed for Holland on board the ship 
' ' Princess. ' ' Among the passengers was the Eeverend Evarar- 
dus Bogardus, whose quarrel with Von Twiller had been con- 
tinued with even more animosity. The ship was lost, and all on 
board perished. 

His successor, Petrus Stuyvesant, was the greatest and 
the last of the Dutch governors, and perhaps Diedrich Knicker- 
bocker alludes to his most prominent characteristic when he 
terms him "Peter the Headsti'ong. " The colony was ])rosper- 
ous, but the inevitable contest with England had begun, with 
the constant encroachments of the settlers of New England, who 
had extended their settlements as far as Greenwich, C'onnecti- 
cut, and were still advancing. The name of one part of the 
region is a lesson in history and geograi^hy. To the Dutch, com- 
ing from the west, it was known as the "Oost Dorp," or East 
Village, while to the English, advancing from the east, it was 
the "Westchester." 

The whole career of Stuyvesant was a scene of constant 
activity, at one time endeavoring to negotiate with the English 
at Boston, at another prosecuting a vigorous cami)aigii against 
the Swedes on the Delaware. There were also troubles at home, 
for a band of disappointed spirits were endeavoring to stir up 
commotion, with a view of conijiletely overturning the authority 



of tlie governor and the ])ower of the West India Company as 
well. He fully I'eallzed the danger of an English conquest, the 
story of which will be told in another chai^ter. With this con- 
quest, which occurred in 1664, the official career of Stuyvesant 
came to an end. Ketiring to his bowery, or estate, which was 
then a long distance from the city, he died in the early part of 
167:^, and was buried in a vault on his own ground, and in the 
church he had erected. lT]ion the vault in the new St. Mark's 
church, is a stone bearing the inscription: 







His descendants are numerous, and his name is honored 
in the citv he ruled so long and so well. 

Dutch Church at Flatbush. 


Of the few views wliieli we possess of the Island Manhattan, 
all agree niion one points — tliat is was a hilly etnintry, and mostly 
covered with woods. We can only give a brief description as 
derived from notices given in ancient deeds, and the description 
of early travelers. 

'J'he island at its lower end terminated in a i)()int whicli to 
the early settlers was known as Schrnyer's Hook, or Shuntei's 
Point. The extreme end was a very short way below the ])resent 
State street, and seems to have been a rocky point known as 
"Capskie," or Little Cape, a name afterward changed to 
Copse. The original name of State street was Copse street, 
and changed to its ijresent name after the Revolntion. The 
lots on the original Pearl sti'eet Avere mentioned as bonnded 
north ]iy the Pep.rl street, and soutli towards tlie water. The 
lots sonth of Penrl stre?t. on the west side of what is now White- 
hall street, are spoken of in old deeds as bonnded east to the 
water. "What w;is known in later years as "Whitehall Slip ex- 
tended north as far as Penrl street, bnt this in later years vras 
filled in. When Washington left the city at the close of the 
Revolntion. after bidding adieu to his officers in the fann)ns 
meeting at Frannces' Tavern, he embarked at Whitehall Sli;). 
which tlien l)egan at F]-ont street. The original water front to 
the east was the ])]'esent sonth line of Pearl street. Along th? 
water side was a narrow sandy beach, whicli was boixlered on tlu> 
north by the n])land. This sandy beach was called the "Strand." 
On the west side of the point, the last lot on Pearl street is de- 


scribed as bounded on tlie west "partly by the Strand, and 
partly by the Governor's Garden." The Strand at that place is 
the present State street. The extreme southwest portion of 
the fort was very near the water's edge. Extending- to the 
north, the shore line tended to the west, and formed the south 
line of what was originally called Marckvelt street, and now 
Batterj^ place, which met the river shore. The water line then 
followed the })resent Greenwich street, where there was another 
sandy beach liable to be washed away by very high tides, to 
prevent which the owners of the lots used to erect low stone 
walls. In the vicinity of Trinity Church the river shore was a 
high, steep bank, as shown by the height of the stone wall which 
sepai'ates Trinity Church yard (which retains its original level) 
from Greenwich street and Rector street. On both sides of this 
ancient churchyard the land has been graded to the street level. 

To the east of Broadway was a high hill, now mostly leveled, 
but the steep grade of what was anciently " Flattenbarrack 
street," now Exchange })lace, shows to some extent what it once 

The Strand along the East river extended to AVall street, 
and beyond this was a long stretch of low meadow land, which 
was known as the "Smith's Valey." The latter word was 
shortened into "Vly," and later corrupted into "Fly." The 
market at the foot of Maiden Lane was originally named the 
Vly ^Market, but in its corrupted form, was called the "Fly 
Market," and its true name was utterly forgotten. 

A person standing at the corner of Fulton and Beekman 
streets will see to the east or north a slight elevation of land. 
This is all that remains of wliat was once known as "the Hill 
by William Beekman 's" long since leveled, and its material 
used to fill u}) the water lots, for it is, ])erliai)s, needless to state 
that all the land 1)etween Pearl street and the river is "made 

.. ^ 


land." Tliis hill was ilw north honiidary of the Siuit'.i's \'ly. 
and in later years, Pearl street from Beeknian street to the 
Bowery land was called "the highway that lead-; freni the 
Smith's AHy toward the Fresli water." 

What is now Broad street was a low jnece of land tliroi'ah 
which a canal was dng which extended nearly to Wall street. 
On each side was a narrow street, and. the canal l)eino- tilled 
11]), made a street to some extent meriting- its ju-esent name. 

At the junction of John and William streets was another 
elevation of ground, known as (lolden Tlill. and like many 
others long since leveled. l)ut the name continued till Revolu- 
tionary days. 

The lower i)art of Maiden Lane ran through a marshy 
region which vras a ] art of the Smith's Vly, and tanners 
had their tan vats there; hut tlie statement made hy some tliat 
a stream ran down this street rests on no sufficient autliority. 

One of the prin.cipal features of the landscajie at that time 
was a small jjond. or more properly, two small ponds connected 
hy a marsh, and known as the Fresh Water and Collect Fond. 
Centre street runs thrcmgh it. and Ann street (now Lafayette 
street) was on its western side. To the west of this a small 
stream ran through the ]n'esent Canal street, which at Broad- 
way was crossed hy a stone hridge. not made, however, till a 
much later i:eriod. This stream ran through a tract of low land 
known as Lis])enard's meadows. 

Near the joesent corner of Mott street and the Bowery 
was a sjuaug of very i)ure water, in great demand for "tea 
water." and sold from house to house for that i)urpose !iy per- 
sons who made it a business. From this ]ilace a rivulet or small 
l)rook ran east throuah the low land, and emjjtied into the East 
river at what is now James Slip. This brook was for long 
vears the reci:>gni7,ed lioundarv between Citv and ('oimtry. The 


little bridge that ci'ossed it was known as the "Kissing bridge," 
and gentlemen escorting ladies across it were supposed to be 
entitled to certain ]n'ivileges, of which they doubtless availed 
themselves. This stream was the boundary between the Mont- 
gomerie ward and the Out ward, which embraced all the rest of 
Manhattan Island. In 1794 this stream had been so completely 
filled up, that its original place was unknown, and a new boun- 
dary between the Avards was established. This stream ran 
through a tract of very low land known as "AVolfert Webber's 
meadows." It extended nearly to Cherry street, but was sep- 
arated from it and from the river shore by a high bank sloping 
down to the meadow and about two hundred and fifty feet wide. 

jVll authorities agree that the island was a wooded region. 
When the first ships were built in the early city, there was no 
lack of timber ready to hand. A person going from the city 
(then below AVal! street) to Stuyvesant's Bowery, was said to be 
obliged to travel a lonely road, for nearly two miles, through 
the woods. A farm in the vicinity of Tenth street was described 
as extending from the Hudson's . river "300 rods into the 
woods," and other farms are described in like manner. 

Quite a large brook had its rise near Eighth avenue and 
Thirty-fourth street, and winding its devious way emptied into 
the North river at Forty-ninth street. This was called the Great 
Kill, or brook, and was the largest stream on the lower part 
of the island. Another stream, or brook, had its fountain head 
near the junction of Sixth avenue and Twenty-third street, and 
miming southward crossed Fourteenth street and ran diagonally 
across the blocks, entered Fifth avenue at Ninth street, and ran 
down the middle of the avenue to Washington Square. It ran 
across the S(|uare, crossing Fourth street a few feet east of 
Macdougal street, and ran to Alinnetta Lane, and finally joined 
the I'iver at Charlton street. This stream was known as the 


Alinnetta bi-ook, and is noted as being the boundary of large 
and important traets of land. For instance, it separated the 
Harring faiin on tlie east from the land of Sir Peter Warren 
on the west. This stream has been tilled np, and all trace has 
disappeared long years ago, but its underground springs are 
sometimes found to plague the contractors engaged in the erec- 
tion of large imildings. 

When Granunercy Park was laid out it was low land, "cov- 
ei'ed with cat-tails," and other niarsliy ])lants. 

What is noAv Astor Place is a part of a road which is very 
frecjuently mentioned in old deeds as "tlie road which leads 
from the Bowery lane, ovei' the Sand Hills, to Greenwich." 
These sand hills are at the Junction of University Place and 
Waverly Place. They are composed of fine sand, and probably 
blown into the hills by the winds. Like other elevations, they 
have long since been leveled. 

Stone street, east of Broad, was in the eai'liest times known 
as the "Hoogh straat." or High street, and takes its name 
from the fact that it was laid out on a high bank which at that 
point overlooked the Strand. 

The eastern part of the De Lancy farm and the farm of the 
Stuyvesant family was a large tract of low land, a i)art of which 
was called the "meadow of the King's farm." In the middle of 
this large tract of meadow, at Fourth street, was a small tract 
of upland much higher than the meadows surrounding it, and 
called. "Manhattan Island." a name that continued for uuniy 
years, but the memor\' of it has almost entirely passed from the 
l)]-esent generation. 

On the south side of the Beekman farm was a swamp or 
a Kreupel boscli, as the Hutch termed it. This was purchased 
by Jacobus Eoosevelt and others, and divided into lots. On 
account of the water, tanneries were built here, and the lo- 



eality to this time has been the headquarters, and is still known 
as "The Swamji." Jacob street runs through it. 

The Dutch word "Kreupel boseh" was defined as "a piece 
of low land beset with small trees." The word was corrupted 
into Cripple bush, rind is frequently found in old deeds as mean- 
ing a swamp. The Dutch word "Kill" means a brook, and its 
diminutive is "Killitie, " or little brook, both frequently found. 

On the Bayard farm, in the vicinity of Broome street, was 
a very high hill, sometimes called Bayard's Mount, but oftener 
Bunker Hill. The gi-ading of the streets has long since caused 
it to disappear. 


All descendants of the Holland settlers owe a iiarticnlar 
delit of gi-atitude to Rev. Henriens Selyns, who was minister 
of the Dnteh ehureh from 1682 to 1701. In 1686, for convenient 
I'eferenee, he made a eonijvlete list of the members of his ehureli 
and the streets on which they lived. Tliis list has fortunately 
been ])reserved, and was printed in one of the early volumes of 
the "Collections of the Xew York Historical Society." This 
list gives the names of the church members, also the names of 
their wiAcs a.nd husbands. It ha]i])ened in many cases that 
husljands Avero church members, while the wives were not, and 
ric' rfrsa. The list is especially A'aluable, as it furnishes the 
nnmes of the wife's father, given in Dutch style. For exami)le, 
the wife of Paulus Turck was Aeltie Barents, that is, Aeltie, 
daughter of Barents. In many cases the maiden name of the 
wife is given, as the wife of Francis Rombout wlas Helena 

The "Beurs Straat" in this directory is the only place 
where that name is given. It is probably White Hall, south of 
Pearl street. The house of Cornelius Steenwyck stood on the 
south eornei- of Whitehall and Bridge street. 

"Koninck Straat" ai)pears nowhere else than on this list. 
It is Exchange Place, east of Broad street, and was originally 
called Tuyn street, or (larden street. After the Dutch church 
was built u]>nn it, the name of Church street was sometimes 
gi\-en. 'I'he name of King street Avas in later days given to what 
is now Pine street, l)ut that street was not opened till 1691. 



.Maix'kvc'lt ^tiaat is now i)artly obliterated Ijy the Produce 
Exchange. The eastern ])art of it stilJ remains of its original 
width. With the exception of Pearl street (Avest of Broadway) 
this is tile only ancient street which lias not been widened. 

'J' he list appears to have been made with the greatest care, 
but it is possible that some errors have been made as to the 
names of the wiAcs. An important instance is given in the 
case of the noted Petnis Stuyvesant, whose wife was Judith 

When this list was inade there wei'e no houses on the north 
side of AVall street, or the "Cingle." as it was then generally 
called. But along the Smith's Vl> , or the jn-esent Pearl street, 
there were houses on the north (or west) side as far as Maiden 
Lane and beyond. At the time this list was made the houses 
south of the ancient Pearl street faced the water, and Whitehall 
Sli]) was not filled in, but exteiuled to o])posite Pearl street. 
For this reason the famous dacol) I^eisler is mentioned as liv- 
ing "along the Strand." 

Bkeede W^eg. (Broadway.) 

Albert Barents, 
Paulus Turck, 
Abraham Kermer, 
Coenrad Ten Eyck, 
Gerrit Jansen Eoos, 
Tobias Stoutenburg, 
Elias Post, 
Jurian Blanck, 
Johannes Van Gelder, 
Peter Willemse Room, 
W"i 1 1 em Vanderschuren, 
Cornells Cregier, 
Christian Petersen, 
Hendrick Obee, 

wife Ariaentie. 
wife Aeltie Barents, 
wife ]\raria Turck. 
wife Annetje Daniels, 
wife Tryntje Arents. 
wife Annetje Van Hillegoru. 
wife Maretje Cornells, 
wife Hester Vanderbeeck. 
wife Janneken ^NTontenack. 
wife Hester Van (ielder. 
wife Grietje Plettenburg. 
wife Annetje Berdings. 
wife Tryntje Cornells, 
wife Aeltje Claas. 



Evert Aertsen, 
William Aertsen, 
Olphert Seiiert, 
Abraham Mathysen, 
Gerrit Gerritsen, 
Seuert (Jlpliertsen, 
Amieken Mauritz, 

Walter Hyers, 

De Heei' Francois Rombont, 

Isaac Steplienseu, 

Lucas Andriesen, 

Martin Gerrit Van Triclit, 

Balthazar Bayard, 

Peter Bayard, 

Rachel Kierstede, 

Jan Peek, 

Gybert Van Imlmrgh, 

Thomas Hoeken, 

Jan Stephensen, 

wife Marretje Herscli. 

wife Styntie Xagel. 

wife Margaretta Kloppers. 

wife Helena Pieterse. 

wife Elizabeth Cornelis. 

wife Ytie Roelofse. 

widow of Dominie Willielmns 

Van Xieuwenhuysen. 
wife Bickers, 
wife Helena Teller, 
wife Margareta Van Veen, 
wife Aefie Lanrense. 
wife Maria Vandergrift. 
wife Maretje Lockermans. 
wife Blandina Kierstede. 

wife EJizabeth Van Tmbnrgh. 

wife Adolph. 
wife Elizalieth Lucas. 

P)ErRS Straat. (AA'irrrEHALL Street. 

wife Margarete Pieters. 
wife Christina Wessels. 
wife Hillegard Theumis. 
wife Sarah Bedhj. 
wife Susanna De Forrest. 

Fredrick Ai'entse, 

Jacob Teller, 

Jacob De Kay, 

Class Berger, 

Pieter De Riemer, 

Isaac De Riemer, 

Juffrow Margaret De Riemer, widow of De Heer Cornelis 

Andries Gi'evenraedt, wife Anna Van Brug. 

Parel Straat. 
(Pearl Street west of Wliitehal! Street.) 
Jan Willemsen, wife Klizalieth Fredrick. 

Martin Cregier, 



Tryntje Cregier, 
Philip Smil.h, 
Gei'iit Hardenburg, 
Sara Hardenberg, 
Isaac Grevenraedt, 
Heudrick Jillison Meyert, 
Andries Breesteed, 
Aeltje Schepmoes, 
Susanna Marsnryn, 
Peter Le Grand, 
Jan Schouten, 
Elizabeth Schouten, 
Dirck Teuuisen, 
Warner Wessels, 
Nicolaes Blanck, 
Justus AVilvelt, 
Victor Bicker, 
Tryntje Claes, 
Pietr Jacobsen ^Marius, 
Peter CVirnelisen, 
Thomas Laurensen, 
Cornells Van Langevelt, 
Andries Claesen, 

widow of Stoffel Hoogiand. 
wife ^fargaretta Blanck. 
wife Jae] Sehepmoes. 

wife ]\Iarritje .Jans, 
wife Elije Rosenvelt. 
wife Annetje Van Borsuni. 
widow of Jan Evert Keteltas. 
widow of (JIaas Berding. 
wife Jannehen de Windel. 
wife Sara Jans. 

wife Catalina Frans. 
wife Elizal)eth Cornelis. 

wife Catherina Ijlanck. 
wife Claerje Blanck. 
widow of Jurian Blanck. 
wife Marretje Beech, 
wife Adeltje Willimse. 
wife Marretje Jans, 
wife iNIaria Groenlant. 
wife Trvntie Michiels. 

Lang Stkant. 

(Aloug the Strand, north side of Pearl Street, east of 

Willem Dervall, 
Jacob Leydsler (Leisler), 
Susanna Leydsler (Leisler), 
Daniel Veenvos, 
Eebecca Fredrick, 
Nichalas Vandergrift, 
Eachel Vandergrift, 
Lucas Kierstede,^ 
Elizabeth Grevenraedt, 

wife Eebecca Delaval. 
wife Thymens. 

wife Christian \"ander«rift. 

wife Celetje Jans. 

widow of Dom. Sanuiel Drisius. 



Peter Delanoy, 

Catharina Bedlo, 

Fredrick Cfysl)ert!^e Vaiulen- 

John Smit, 
Henriette Wessels, 
Maria Wessels, 
Benjamin Blanck, 
Jacobus Kip, 
Nicholas Janseu Backer, 
Thomas Crundall, 
Albert Bosch, 

Cornells Jansen Van Hooru, 
Olfert Kreeftberg, 
Vroutje Cornells, 
Peter Jansen Messier, 
Coenrad Ten Eyck, Jr., 
Tobias Ten Eyck, 
Benjamin Hegeman. 
Hermanns Berger, 
Engeltie Mans, 
Johanes Berger, 
Lncas Tienhoven, 
Cornells Verdnyn, 
Albert Klock, 
Martin Klock, 
Cleesje Barentse, 
Catharina Lienwensen, 
Johanes Van Brngh, 
Jacobus De Plai'dt, 
John Robertson, 
Carsten Leursen, 
Zacharias Laurensen, 
Aliraham Lubberts, 
Annatje Van Borsum, 
Pieter Vandergrief, 
Robert Sinclair, 

wife Eliznlu'tli De Potter 

wife ^laria Lubberts. 

wife Janettie Van Tienhoven. 

widow of A I lard Anthony. 

wife Judith Edsall. 
wife Hendrickje Wessels. 
wife Marentje Wessels. 
wife Deborah De Meyer, 
wife Elsjie Blanck. 
wife Anna Maria Jans, 
wife Hillegond Cornells. 

wife ]\lan-itje Willemse. 
vrife Belitje Hercks. 
wife Elizabeth Hegeman. 

widow of Berger dorisse. 

wife Tryntje Berdings. 
wife Sara Hendrick. 
wife Ti'intje Abrahams, 
wife Elizalteth Abrahams, 
widow of Thomas Lienwensen. 

wife Catharina Roeloffse. 

wife Cornelia Beeck. 

wife Margaretta Hendrichkse. 

wife Geartje (^)uick. 

wife Aeltje Gysberts. 

widow of Egbert Van Borsum. 
wife of Janneken Van Borsum. 
wife ]^laria Duvckinck. 



l.AXG De AVai,. 
iW'all Street, Soutli Side.) 

Guy^sbert Elbertsle, 
Xeeultje Gysbertsle, 
Adrian Dirsckseu, 
John Cavalier, 
Johauues Jauseu, 
Jacob Petersen, 
Bernardns Hassing, 
Jan Otters, 

Xceltje Van Thuyl, 
Rntgert Parker, 
Gerrit Cornelis \"an Westveen, 
Trseltje Dnytman, 
Casparus Hardenbrook, 
Harmanns Van Borsnm, 
Jan Pieter Slot, 
]^eendert De Graww, 
Evert Hendric'kse. 

wife AVillenitje C'laes. 

wife Elizabeth Jans, 
wife Heyltje Delachair. 
wife Anna Maiia Van Giesen. 
wife Marritje Pieters. 
wife Neltje \'an C'owenlioven. 
wife Gertruid Jans Van Grav- 

wife Sophie Claes. 

wife "Wyntje Stouteuburgh. 

widow Metjie Hardenbrook. . 

wife AVybrng Hendrickse. 
wife Claertje Dominicus. 
Avife Gerritje (|)nick. 
wife Metjie Hardenbrook. 

XiEWK Stkaat. (X"ew Street.) 

Isaac Abrahanisen, 
Daniel Waldron, 
Vincent De La Moutange, 
Hendrick Gerritsen, 
Johanes Van Gelder, 
Heymau Koning, 
Melje Davids, 
Jan Willemse Koonie, 
J)aniel Pietersen, 
Arent Fredricksen, 
Jnriaen Xagel, 
A\'illeni Peers, 

wife Janneken Jans, 
wife Sarah Putgers. 
wife Adriaentje Jans, 
wife Maritje Waldron. 
wife Aefje Poos, 
wife Marritje Andries. 
widow of Abraham Kernier. 
wife Maria Bastiaens. 
wife Annetje Ackerman. 
wife Sara Thennis. 
wife Jannetje Pliillipsen. 
wife Gnetje Kierse. 


Bevek Straat. (Beaver Street.) 

Jacob Kolve, 

Jacob Van Sann, Avife Jaimekeu Lucas. 

Jacob Plieuix, wife Anna Van Vleek. 

Jan Evedse, wife Engeltje Hercks. 

Henclrick Bosch, wife Engeltje Dircksen. 

Nicholaes Depn. wife ('atalina De Vos. 
Jacob De Koninck, 
Henricns Selyns, 

Hendrick Boelen, wife Annekeii Coert. ' 

Conielis Van der C'nyl, wife Elizal)etli Arents. 

Laurens C'olevelt, wife Sarah "Waldron. 

Aln-aliam Delanoy, wife Cornelia Tol. 

Marckvelt Sthaa'I'. (Markettield Street.) 

Jan Adanisen Metselaer, wife Geei'tje Dircksen. 

Herman De Graw, wife Styntie A^an Steenbergen. 

Dirck Jansen De Groot, wife Bachel Phillipse. 

Peter Meyer, wife Baetje Jans. 

Arent Leendertse De Granw, wife Maria Hendrickas. 

Browwers Straat. 
(Stone Street, west of Broad.) 

De Heer Frederick Phillipse, 
Johanna Van Swaaenbnrg, 

Joris Brugerston, wifi' Aniui J^lanck. 

Jeremias Tothill, wife Janneken De Kay. 

Isaac De Forrest, wife Elizabeth Vanders})iegel. 

Sara Phillipse, widow of Isaac De Forrest. 

Jan Dircksen, wife P.aetje Kip. 

De Heer Stephanns Van Coxi- 

landt, wife Gertruid Schuyler. 

Jacolnis Van Cortlandt, 

De Heer Anthony Brockholst, wife Susanua Schrick. 
Eip Van Dam, wife Sarah A^an der S])iegel. 

Johanes Vanderspiegel, 
Pieter Jansen, wife Gerritseu. 



Brvc Straat. (Bridge Street.; 

Otto Gerritseu, 
Jeremias Jansen, 
^Fetje Clrevenraldt, 
Al)raliani Kip, 
Abraham Jansen, 
^laria Abrahams, 
]\Ir. Hartman ^Vessels, 
Andiies Meyert. 
Jan Dervall, 

wife Engeltie Pieters. 
wife C'atliarina Rappailjie. 
widow of Antliony Jansen. 

wife Tryntie Kip. 

wife Elizabeth Jans Cannon, 
wife Vronetje Van Vorst. 
wife Catliarina Van Cortlandt. 

Heeeex Geacht, west zyde 
(Broad Street, west side.) 

Carel Lodowiek, 

Johannes Provoost, 

Brandt Schnyler, 

Mr. Hans Kierstide, 

Evert Arensten, 

Isaac Arensten, 

Jaeolnis Verhnlst, 

Pieter Abrahanise Van Dnui 

Helena Fiellart. 
Thomas Kooek, 

wife Cornelia Van Cortlandt. 
wife Janneken Lockermans. 

wife ^Fai'ia Bennet. 
wife Hester AVeblier: 

wife Havmentje Dneksen. 
wife Aefje Boelen. 
wife (*atliarina Hng. 

widow of Pieter Van Xaerden. 

Direk Ten Eyck. 

Dr. Johannes Kerbbyl, 

^largaretta Hagen, 

Aechje Jane, 

Tryntje Pieters, 

Hendriek Jans Van Tnnrden, wife Sarah Thomas. 

Boele Raelofse, wife Bayhen Arentse. 

Cornelius Quick, wife Maria Van Hooghten. 

Thennis De Kay, wife Helena Van Brngh. 

Lodiwick Post, wife Agmetje Bonen. 

Gerrit T^eydekker, wife Xeeltje Van der Cnyl. 

Hendriek Kermer, wife Annetje Thomas. 



Jan Jansen Moll, 
Jacob Boelen, 
Dirck Fransen, 
Wybrant Abraliamse, 
Hermanus Wessells, 
Joliaiines Kip, 
Styntie Paulus, 
Isaac Van Vleck, 
Jan Corsen, 
liutgert Willemsen, 
Joris Walgraef, 

wife Engeltie Pieters. 
wife C'atharina Clerk, 
wife Urseltje Schepmoes. 
wife E]izal)eth Jacobsen. 
wife C. ^lagdalena Dumsteede. 
wife Catliai'ina Kierstede. 
widow of Paulus Jurrisou. 
wife CVitalina Delanoy. 
wife Mietje Tlieunis. 
wife Gysbertje Alauritz. 
wife ^Magdaleentje Kutgers. 

Heeken Geacht, oost zyde. 
(Broad Street, East Side.) 

Hendrick Arentse, 
Hendriek Reniers, 
Frans Claessen, 
AVolfert Wel^ber, 
Albertus Ringo, 
Jan. De La Montague, 
Simon Breesteede, 
Catharina Kreigers, 

Leendert De Kleyn, 
Joris Jansen, 
Huyg Barentse De Kleyn, 
Pieter Stoutenburg, 
Willem Waldron, 
Jillis Provost, 
David Provoost, 
Jonathan Provoost, 
Jan Willemse Nering, 
Gresje Tdens, 
Jacob Mauritzen, 
Willem Bogardus, 
Claes Leet, 


wife C'atharina Hardenln-ook 
wife Anna Thyssen. 
wife Marritje Cornells, 
wife Anna Wailis. 
wife Jannettie Eingo. 
wife Annetje Waldron. 
wife Jannetje Van Laer. 
widow of Nicasius De 

wife Magdalena AVolsum. 
wife Magdalena Pieters. 
wife ^favken ^lartels. 

wife P]ngeltse Stoutenburg. 
wife Maria Bon. 
wife Grietje Jillis. 
wife Catharina A'anderveen. 
wife Catharine de Meyert. 
widow of Pieter Nuys. 
wife Gretje Van der (Jrift. 
wife Walburg de Silla (Sills). 
wife Kniertje Hendricks. 


Johannes de Peyster, wife Cornelia Lubbei-t.>e. 

Panlus Scliriek, wife Maria de Peyster. 

Jan Vincent, wife Annetje Jans. 

Arent Isaacsen, wife Elizabeth Stevens. 

HooGH Straat. 

(High Street [Stone Street], east of Broad Street.) 

Rynard Willemsen, wife Snsanna A rents. 

Tryntje Arents, 

Gurtrnid Reyniers, 

Adolph Pietersen De Groot, wife Afje Dircksen. 

Anietje De Groot, 

Maria De Groot, 

Mr. Evert Keteltas, wife Hillegard -Joris. 

John Lillie, wife Anna Plardenhrook. 

Johannes Hardenbrook, 

Jacob Abrahamse Santvoort, wife Magdalena Van Vleck. 

Laurens Holt, wife Jilletje Laurens. 

Jan Cooley, wife Janneken Van Dyck. 

Elizabeth Cooley, 

Berent Coert, wife f'hi'istina ^Vessels. 

Gurtruyd Barents, widow of Jan Hyben. 

Barent Hyben, wife Sarah Pannes. 

De Heer Nicholas de Meyert, wife Lydia Vnu Dyck. 

Elizal)etli de Meyert, 

Guelliani De Honneur, wife Christina Steentjens. 

Claes Janse Stavast, wife Aefje Gerritsen. 

Evert Wessels, wife Jannetje Stavast. 

Lawrens Wessels, wife Aefje Jans. 

Johannes Hoagland, wife Anneken Dnycking. 

Frans Goderus, wife Rebecca Idens. 

Jan Janse Van Langendyck, wife We-sels. 

Jan Harberdink, wife ^tfayhen Barents. 

Gerrit Duycking, wife Maria Abeel. 

David Jochemsen, wife Christina Coppoens. 

Elias de AVindel (Wendell), wife Anna Tebbelaer. 


Jan Breestede, wife ^rari'iet.jc Aiidries. 

Hendrick Wessels Ten 

Broeck, wife Jannetjie Breestede. 

Geertruid Breestede, 

De Heer Nicolas Bayard, wife Judith Verlctli. 

Francijia Hermans, 

Evert Dnyeking, wnfe Hendrickjc Simons. 

Willem Bleek, wife CStie Duyeking. 

Anthony De Mill, wife Elizalteth Van der Liphorst. 

Pieter De Mill, 
Sarah De Mill, 
De Heer Aliraham De Peys- wife Cathai'ina De Peyster. 



(Deacon's House for the Poor.) 

Willem Janse Roome, wife ^larritje Jans. 

Ke^^er Stoffelsen, wife (leertje Jans. 

Cregera Jolis, wife Jannetje Heudiicks. 

Albert Cuynen, wife Tryntje Jans. 

Elizabetli Jacobs, widow of Jacob .Moiis. 

Pieter El)el, wife Clara El)el. 

(Note: The Deacon's House ajipears to have been on the north 
side of Beaver street, a little west of Broad street.) 

Slyck Str.\at. 

(^Fuddy Sti-eet. Afterwards Mill Street, now South William 


Jan Hendricks V"an Baunnel, wife Annetje Abi'ahams. 
Jan Kreeck, wife Geertruid De Haes. 

Emmerentje Laurens, widow of Hendrick Oosterhaven. 

Leendert Oosterhaven, 

Princen Straat. 

(Princes Street, now Beaver Street, east of Broad Street.) 

Jan Langstraten, wife Marritje Jans. 

Jan Janse Van Quistkout, wife Albertie dans. 



Hendrick De Foreest, 
Bareut Flaesbeek, 
Jan De Foreest, 
Jan Pietersen, 
Xicolaes Jansen, 
William Moore, 
Ambrosius De Warran, 
Thomas De Meer, 

wife Fennntje 
wife Alarritje Hendricks, 
wife Susanna Verletts. 
wife Metje Pieters. 
wife Janneken Kiersen. 
wife Annetje Jans, 
wife Ariantje Thomas, 
wife Susanna De Nis;rin. 

KoNiNCK Straat. 
(King Street. Exchange Place, east of Broad.) 

wife Elsje Berger. 

wife Neeltje Van Cowenhoven. 

wife Stynte Jans. 

widow of Bruin Hage. 

Jan Si])kens, 
Cornelius Pluvier, 
Frederick Hendricksen, 
Geesje Schurmans, 
Elizabeth Schurmans, 
Jacob Fransen, 

wife Magdalena Jacobs. 

(Smith Street. 

C*ornelia Toos, 
Jan Vinge, 

Assuernes Hendricks, 
Thyman Jansen, 
Jan ^Nleyert, 
Pieter Jansen, 
Jan. Jansen Van Flemburg, 
Laurens Hendrickse. 
Hendricke Van Borsum, 
Jannetje Cornells, 
Thymen Van Borsum, 
AVyd Timnier (Wood Tim- 

Oristje Langendyck, 

Smit Straat. 
William Street, south of Maiden Lane.) 

widow of Elias Provoost. 

wife Wieske Huy]ikens. {He icas 

the first child horn mi Maitliattan 


wife Neeltje Jans. 

wife Hester Pluvier. 

wife Anna Van Vorst. 

wife Elizabeth Van Hoogten. 

wife Willemyntie De Kleyn. 

wife ^Farritje Jans. 

wife ^larritje Cornells. 

wife Grietjie Focken. 

widow of Dirck Dev. 



Frans Corueliseu, 
Jan Pietersen Bosch, 
William Biiyell (Boyle), 
David Provoost, 
Tryntje Eeymers, 
Jau Pieterseu, 

wife Jaiiettje Dey. 

wife Janettjie Barents. 

wife Janettje Frans. 

wife Tryntje Lanrens. 

widow of Meynardt Barentsen. 

wife ]\[arritjie Pietersen. 

Smits Vallye. 

Smith's Val 


Elizabeth Lnbberts. 
Jan Jansen Van Langendyek 
Pieter Jansen Van Langen- 
Herman Jansen, 
Albert Wantenaer, 
Hilletje Pieters, 
Johannes Clopper, 
^Margarata Vermeulen, 

Adriaeutie Van de Water, 
Abraham Moll, 
Fytie Sipkens, 
Wilhelmus De ^Nleyert. 
Jacob De Mill. 
Dirck Yanderclitf, 
Joost Carelse, 
Will em Hillacher, 
dement Ellswaert, 
Wilhelmns Beekman, 
Johannes Beekman, 
Jacob Swart, 

Street, north of Wall Street.) 
widow of Dirck Fhivt. 

wife Breehje Ellswaert. 
wife Tryntje Hadders. 
widow of Cornells Clojiper. 

widow of 

Hendricks Van de 

wife Jacomyntie Van Dorlebeek. 

wife of Eoeloff. 

wife C'atharina Bayard. 

wife Sarah Joasten. 

wife Geesje Hendrickse. 

wife Styntie Jans. 

wife Tryntje Baelen. 

wife Anna Maria Englebert. 

wife Catharina De Boog. 

wife Aeltje Thomas. 

wife Tryntje Jacobse. 

BrYTEN De Land Pookt. 
(Beyond the Land (Jate, on Broadway, north of Wall Street.) 
Thenuis Dev, wife Annake Schouten. 



0\EE Het Versch Water. 

(Beyond the Fresh Water. A small pond called Kolck, at what 
is now corner of Centre and Leonard Streets. The peo- 
ple beyond that all lived on farms, or boweries.) 

A^'olfert Webber, 

Dirck Cornellisen, 
xlrie Corneliseu, 
Franciscus Bastianse, 
Solomon Pieters, 
Anthony Saileyren, 
Franeais Vanderhoof, 
Daniel De Clerck, 
Cozyn Gerritsen, 
Jan. Thommasen, 
Peter Jansen, 
Jacob Kip, 
Maria Kip. 
Jnffrow Judith Tsendorn, 

wife Geertruyd Hassing (near 

Cherry Street), 
wife Neeltje Cornelissen. 
wife Rebacea Idens. 
wife Barbara Emanuel, 
wife Marritje Anthony, 
wife Jasyntie Thomas, 
wife Wyntie De Uries. 
wife Grietje Cozyns. 
wife Yrowtje Gerrittse. 
wife Apolonia Cornelis. 
wife Marritje Jacobs, 
wife ?ilaria De la ^fontaffne. 

widow of Lord Pieter Stuyve- 
Nicolaes Willem Stuyvesant, wife Klizalieth Slechtenhorst. 
Gysbert Servaes, wife Alaritje Jacobs. 

Abraham Van de Woestyne, 
Catalyntje Van de Wooes- 

Abel Blootgoet (Bloodgood), wife Ida Adriaense. 

Pieter Jacol)son. 

Jan de Groot, 

Jacob de Groot, 

Jillis Mandeville, 

Grietje Mandeville, 

Egbert Facksen, 

Johannes Thomasen, 

Johannes Van Covenlioven, 

Sara Frans. 

(Xote: The widow of the former (lovernor Peter Stuyvesant 

wife Reltje Anaense. 
wife Afargarietje Gerritse. 
wife Grietje Jans, 
wife Elsje Hendricks. 

wife Elsje Lucas, 
wife Aefje Jacobs. 


lived on her liusbaud's bowery, on Bowery Lane, north of 
Eighth Street. kSolomon Pieters, a free negro, owned thirty 
acres where the Fifth Avenue Hotel stands. Jillis Mande- 
ville owned a farm south of Twenty-first Street and Eighth 
Avenue. Jacob Kip lived on the "Kips Bay Farms," on 
East river. '\\'olfert Webber owned a large tract of mead- 
ows near Roosevelt Street.) 

Aen De Geoote Kill. 

(By the Big Creek.) 

(The Groote Kill was a brook which emptied into the Hudson 
river at Forty-ninth Street.) 

Conradus Vanderbeek, wife Elsje Jans. 

Claes Emanuel s and 
Jan de Vries, negroes. 

Arme Bowery. (Poor Farm.) 

Arnaut AVebber, wife Jaunekeii Conielis. 

Hendrick Martense, wife ]\Iargareta ]^leyrink. 
Abraham Eycking, 

Herck Tiebout. wife Wyntie Tennis. 

Tennis Cornelisen. wife Annetje Claes. 



AVitliin a few years tliere was discoveved a letter, written 
))y Dominie .lonas Micbaelins. wliich, so far as known, is the 
first letter written from New Netlierland, and is tlie most ini- 
l)ortant docnment eonneeted witli onr early history. It shows 
the condition of the new settlement, confirms the fact that Peter 
jNIinnit was then director, and shows the various ditificulties 
nnder which tlie writer, in his ministerial ('a])acity, was laboring. 
It was doubtless the story of all new settlements — a story of 
jn'ivation and much trouble. U)) to the time when this letter 
was discovered. Rev. Everardns P)Ogardus had always been sup- 
posed to be the first ministei- in New Amsterdam. The original 
letter is now among' the priceless collection of the Lenox Li- 
brary, and the copy is from a translation recently made at the 
sugg-estion of the authorities of the Dutch church. 

"De Vrede Christi. (The Peace of Christ to You.) 
"Reverend Sir. Well beloved brother in Christ. Kind friend. 

"The favorable o])portnnity, which now presents itself of 
writing to your Reverence, I cannot let pass without embracing 
it, according to my i^romise. And I first unburden myself in 
this conmumication of a sorrowful circumstance. It pleased the 
Lord, seven weeks after we ar)'ived in this country to take from 
me ray good partner, who was to me for more than sixteen years, 
a virtuous, faithful and altogether amiable yoke felloAv; and I 
now find myself with three children, very much discommoded, 
without her society and assistance. P)ut what have T to say? 
The Lord Himself has done this against whom no one can op- 
pose liimself. And why should I wish to, knowing that all things 
must work together for good to them that love God. I hope 
therefore to 1)ear my cross ])atiently and by the grace and liel]) 


of the Lord, not to let tlie courage fail me ^Ylliell in my duties 
here I so especially need. 

"The voyage was long, namely from the l:l4tli of January 
till the 7th of April, when we first set foot upon land. Of storm 
and tempest which fell hard upon the good wife and children, 
though tliey bore it better as regards sea sickness and fear than 
I had expected; we had no lack, particularly in the vicinity of 
the Bermudas, and the rough coasts of this country. Uur fare 
in the ship was very poor and scanty, so that my blessed wife 
and childreu, not eating with us in the cabin, on account of the 
little rooms in it, had a worse lot than the sailors themselves; 
and that by reason of a wicked cook, who annoyed them in every 
way: but especially l)y reason of the captain himself, who al- 
though I frequently ('om])lained of it in the most courteous man- 
ner, did not concern himself in the least about correcting the 
rascal; nor did he even when they were all sick, give them any- 
thing which could do them any good, although there was enough 
in the ship; as he himself knew very well where to find it in 
order out of meal times, to fill his own stomach. All the relief 
which he gave us, consisted merely in liberal promises, with a 
drunken head, upon which nothing followed when he was sober, 
but a sour face, and he raved at the officers and kept himself 
constantly to the wine, both at sea and especially here while 
lying in the [Hudson] river; so that he navigated the ship daily 
with a wet sail and an em])ty head, seldom coming ashore to the 
Council and never to Divine service. We bore all with silence 
on board the ship, but it grieves me, when I think of it, on ac- 
count of my wife, the more because she was in such a i)hysical 
state as she was; believing herself to be in a delicate condition, 
and the time so short which she had yet to live. On my first 
voyage I roamed about with him a great deal, even lodged in the 
same hut. but never knew that he was such a brute and drunk- 
ard. But he was then under the direction of Mi-. Lam, and now 
he had the chief connnand himself. I have also written to Mr. 
Godyn about it, considering it necessary that it should be known. 

"Our coming here was agreeable to all, and I hope, by the 
gi'ace of the Lonl. that my service will not be unfruitful. The 
peojile, for the most jiart, are rather rough and unrestrained, 
but 1 find in most all of them both love and respect towards me; 
two things with which hitherto the Lord has ever^nvhere gi'ac- 
iously blessed niv labors, and wliicli in our calling, as your 
Eevereuce well knows and finds, are especially desirable in order 
to make [our ministry] fruitful. 


"From the begiiniing we established a form of a church 
and as Brother Bastian Crol very seldom comes down from 
Fort Orange, because the directorship of that fort and the trade 
there is committed to him, it has been thought best to choose 
two elders for my assistance and for the projier consideration 
of all such ecclesiastical matters as might occur, intending the 
coming year, if the Lord permits, to let one of them retire and to 
choose another in his i)lace from a double number tii'st lawfully 
proposed to the (Congregation. One of these whom we have 
now chosen is the Honorable Director himself, and the other is 
the store keeiier of the Oompany, Jan Huyghen, his brother in 
law, ])ersons of very good character, as far as I have been able 
to learn, having both been foi'merly in office in the church, one 
as deacon, and the other as elder in the Dutch and French 
churches respectively at Wesel. 

"At the first administration of the Lords Supper which 
was ol)served, not without great joy and comfort to many, we 
had fully fifty connuunicants. Walloons and Dutch, of whom a 
portion made their first confession of faith before us, and others 
exhibited their church certificates. Others had forgotten to 
bring their certificates with them, not thinking that a church 
would be formed and established here, and some who brought 
them had lost them unfortunately in a general conflagration, 
but they were admitted upon the satisfactory testimony of 
others, to whom they were known, and also ui^on their daily 
good deportment, since we cannot observe strictly all the usm! 
formalities in making a beginning under such circumstances. 

"We administer the Holy Sacrement of the Lord, once 
in four months, ]n'ovisionally until a larger number of pecile 
shall otherwise recpiire. The Walloons and French have no 
service on Sundays, otherwise than in the Dutch language, for 
those who understand no Dutch are very few. A portion of the 
Walloons are going back to the Fatherland, either because their 
years here are expired, or else because some are not very serv- 
iceable to the Oom])any. Some of them live far away and could 
not well come in time of heavy rain and storm, so that it is not 
advisable to appoint any special service in French for so small 
a number, and that upon an uncertainty. Nevertheless the 
Tvord's Supper was administered to them in the P^rench lan- 
guage and according to the French mode with a discourse pre- 
ceding, which I had before me in writing, as I could not trust 
myself extem])oraneously. If in this and in other matters your 
Reverence and the Honorable Brethren of the (*onsistorv who 


have special superintendence over us here, deem it necessary to 
administer to ns any correction, instruction or good advice, it 
will be agreeable to us and we will thank your Reverence there- 
for, since we must have no other object than the glory of 6rod 
in the Iniilding up of His kingdom and the salvation of many 
souls. I keep myself as far as practicable within the pale of 
my calling; wherein I find myself sufficiently occupied. And 
although our small consistory embraces at the most, when 
Brother (h'ol is down here, not more than four ])ersons, all of 
wliom, myself alone excepted, have also public business to attend 
to, I still hope to sejiarate carefully the ecclesiastical from the 
civil matters, which occur, so that each one will be occupied with 
his own subject. And though many things are of a mixed kind, 
and political and ecclesiastical i^ersons can greatly assist each 
other, nevertheless the matters and offices belonging to each 
other must not be mixed but kei»t se])arate, in order to prevent 
all confusions and disorder. As the council of this |)lace consists 
of good people, who are however, for the most ])art simple and 
have little experience in public affairs, I slionld have little ob- 
jection to serve them in any serious or dul)ious affair with good 
advice, provided I considered myself callable, and my advice 
should be asked, in which case I supjjose that I would not do 
amiss or be suspected by anyone of being a meddler, or l)usy 

"In my opinion it is very expedient that the Honorable 
Directors of this place should furnish plain and precise instruc- 
tions to their Governors, that they may distinctly know how 
to conduct themselves, in all possible public difficulties and 
events; and also that T should have all such Acta Synodolia, as 
are adopted in the Synods of Holland, both the special ones 
relating to this region and those which are ])rovincial and na- 
tional, in relation to ecclesiastical ])oints of difficulty, or at least 
such of them as in the judgment of the Honorable Brethren, at 
Amsterdam, would be most likely to be of service to us here. In 
the mean time I hope matters will go well here, if only on both 
sides we do our best in all sincerity and honest zeal, whereto I 
have from the first entii'ely devoted myself and wherein I have 
also hitherto by the grace of God, had no just cause to complain 
of any one. And any dubious matters of importance happen 
to me, and esjiecially if they will admit of any delay, I shall be 
guided by the good and prudent advice of the Honorable 
Brethren to whom I have already wholly commended myself. 
"As to the natives of this countrv I find them entirelv 


savage aiul wild, stvangers to all (leceuey, yea, uncivil and .stuiii<l 
as garden ix)les, proficient in all wickedness and godlessness ; 
devilish men who serve nobody bnt the devil, that is the s})irit 
which in their language they call Menetto, nnder which title 
they compreliend everything tliat is subtle and crafty and be- 
yond human skill ami power. Tliey have so much witch craft, 
divination, savageiy and wicked tricks, that they cannot be 
held in by any ])ands or locks. They are as thievish and treach- 
erous as they are tall, and in cruelty they are altogether in- 
hu]]ian, more than barbarous, far exceeding the Africans. I 
have written concerning these things to several persons else- 
where not doubting that Brother Crol will have written to your 
Reverence and to the Honorable Directors; as also of the base 
treachery, and the murders whicli the ^Lohicans at the upper 
I)a]-t of this rivei', iuid {ilanned against Fort Orange, but by the 
gracious interference of the Lord for our good, who when it 
l)leases Him, knows how to ]iour unexpectedly, natural imjuilses 
into these unnatural men, in order to ]>revent them, they did not 
succeed. How these peoi)le can best be led to the true knowledge 
of God, and of the Mediator, C'hi'ist, is hard to say. I cannot 
myself wonder enough, who it is that has im])osed so nuicli u^ion 
your Reverence and many others in the Fatherland, concerning 
the docility of these jieople, and their good nature the proper 
princi])les of religion and the remains of the law of nature 
which should be among them; in whom I have as yet been able 
ro discover hardly a single good point, except that they do not 
speak so jeeringly and so scoffiugly of the god like and glorious 
majest}" of their creator, as the Africans dare to do. But it is 
because they have no certain knowledge of Him, or scarcely any. 
If we speak to them of God it ap])ears to them like a dream, and 
we are compelled to s])eak of Him, not under the name of Men- 
etto, whom they know ;ind serve, for that would be blasphemy, 
but of one great, yea, most high Sackiema, by which name they, 
living without a king, call him who has the command over sev- 
eral hundred among them, and who by our own people are 
called 8ackemaker's; and as the people listen some will begin to 
mutter and shake their heads as if it were a silly fable and others 
in order to ex]U'ess regard and friendship for such a pro])osi- 
tion will say, orifJi, that is good. Now by what means are we to 
make a salutory breach for the salvation of this peojile? I take 
the liberty on this point of enlarging to your Reverence. 

"Their language. Avhich is the first thing to be enii)loyed 
with them, methinks it entirely peculiar, llany of our com- 


inon people call it an easy language which is soon learned, but 
I am of a contrary opinion. For those who can understand their 
words to some extent, and re])eat them, fail greatly in the pro- 
nunciation, and speak a broken language like the h\nguage of 
Ashdocd. For these people have difficult aspirates and many 
guttural letters, which are formed more in the throat than by the 
mouth, teeth and li])S, to which our people are not accustomed, 
and making a bold stroke at which they imagine that they have 
accomplished something wonderful. It is true one can learn 
as nmch as is sufficient for the purpose of trading, but this oc- 
curs almost as nuu'h by signs with the thumb and fingers as by 
speaking, but this cannot l)e done in religious matters. It also 
seems to us that they rather design to conceal their language 
from us. than to jiroperly communicate it, except in things which 
hap]ien in daily trade, saying that it is sufficient for us to under- 
stand them in that, and then they speak only half sentences, 
shortened woi'ds and frequently call out a dozen tilings, and 
even more, and all things which have only a rude reseml:)lance to 
each other, thev frecjuently call by the same name. In truth it 
is a made up childish language, so that even those who can best 
of all speak with the savages and get along well in trade, are 
nevertheless wholly in the dark, and bewildered when they hear 
the savages talking among themselves. 

■'It would be well then to leave the })arents as they are 
and begin with the children who are still young. So be it. But 
they ought in youth to be separated from their parents, yea, from 
their whole nation. For without this they would forthwith be 
as mucli accustomed as their ])a]'ents to heathenish tricks and 
deviltries, which are kneaded naturally in their hearts liy them- 
selves through a just judgment of God ; so that having once by 
liabit, obtained deep root, they would with great difficulty be 
emancipated thei-efrom. But this separation is hard to effect, 
foi' the parents have a sti-ong affection for their children and 
are very loth to part with them; and when they are separated 
from tliera as we have already had |)roof, the parents are never 
contented, but take them awav stealthily, or induce them to run 
away. Nevertheless although it would be attended with some 
expense, we ought, by means of presents and promises, to obtain 
the children Avith the gratitude and consent of the parents, in 
order to place them under the instruction of some experienced 
and godly schoohnasler, Avhere they may be instructed not only 
to speak, read and write in our language, but also es]iecially in 
the fundamentals of our C'hristian religion, and where besides 


thoy will see nothing bnt the good example of virtnous living; 
])nt they must sometimes speak their native tongue among them- 
selves, in order not to forget it, as being evidently a ])rincipal 
means of spreading the knowledge of religion through the whole 
nation. In tlie mean time we should not forget to beseech the 
Lord, with ardent and continual prayers for His blessing, who 
can make things which are unseen suddenly and opportunely to 
apjiear, who gives life to the dead, calls that which is not as 
though it were, and being rich in mercy has i)ity on whom he 
will, as he has compassionated us to be his people when before 
we Avere not com|>assionated and were not his people, and has 
washed us clean, sanctified us and justified us when we were 
covered with all mannei- of corruption, calling us to the blessed 
knowledge of His son, and from the power of darkness to His 
marvelous light. And this T regard so much the more necessary 
as the wrath and curse of God resting u]ion this miserable peo- 
|)le is found to be the heavier. Perchance God may to that end 
have mercy upon them, that the fullnes of the heathen may 
be gradually brought in, and the salvation of our God may be 
here also seen among these wild and savage men. I hope to 
keep a watchful eye over these people, and to learn as much 
of their language as will be ])racticable, and to seek better op- 
pnt-funities for their instruction than hitherto it h^s been pos- 
-\h]o to find. 

".\s to what concenis mvself anil my household, 1 find my- 
self by the loss of inv good and helpful ])artner, very much 
i^indred ;mu1 di-tiessrd, foi' my two little daughters are yet 
small ; mnid servants are not here to be had, at least none whom 
tlipv advise me to t-^ke, and the Angola slaves are thievish, lazy 
and useless fvash. The voung man whom I took with me T dis- 
clrn-aed after Whitsuntide, for the reason that I could not 
employ him out of doors, at any working of the land, and in- 
doi-r-' he was a luirden to me instead of an assistance. He is 
now e'se where at service among the farmers. 

"The lu'omise which the Honorable Directors of the C'om- 
pany had made me of some acres of surveyed lands for me to 
m-ike mvself a liomp. instead of a free table which otherwise 
belonsed to me, is void and useless. Fov their Honors well 
knew that there avp va horses, cows or laborers to be obtained 
here for monev. Kvervone is short in these particulars and 
wi^nts more. T sh'mid not nnnd the expense if the opi)ovtunity 
only ( ffered. for the sdse of our own comfort. Althou2h there 
;;re no i;rofit in it, (the Honorable Directors nevertheless re- 


maining indelited to ine for as much as the vakie of a free tal)le) 
for refreshment of butter, milk, etc., cannot be here obtained, 
Though some is indeed sold at a very high price, for tliose who 
bring it m or bespeak it are jealous of each other. So I shall 
he compelled to ];ass through the winter without butter and 
otlier neces.^aries which the ships do not bring with them to be 
sold here. The rations which are given out and charged foi' 
high enough, are all hard, stale food, as they are used to on 
board ship, and frequently not very good, and even so, one can- 
not obtain as much as he desires. I began to get considerable 
stiength hy the grace of the Lord, but in consequence of this 
hard food of beans and gray ])eas which are hard enough, 
barley, stock fish, p^c.. without much change, 1 cannot fully re- 
cu]ierate as 1 otherwise would. The summer yields something, 
but what of that foi' an.y one who has no strength I The savages 
also bring some thing,-, Imt one who has no wares, such as 
knives, beads and the like, or seewan (wampum) cannot come 
to any terras with them. Though the peo]3le trade such things 
for proper wares, I know not whether it is permitted by the laws 
of the Company. I Irn'e now oixlered from Holland most all 
necessaries. Imt ex])ect to pass through the winter with hard 
and scanty food. 

"The country yields many good things for the supi)ort of 
life, but they are all too unfit and wild to be gathered. Better 
regulations should be established, as, doubtless, will gi-adually 
be the case, so that people who have the knowledge and im])le- 
ments for seeking out all kinrls of things in their season shall 
secure and gather then). In the mean while, I wish the Honorable 
Directors to be courteously entpiired of how T can have the op- 
j)ortunity to possess a portion of laud, and at my own exi)ense 
to sujiport myself upon it. For as long as there is no more 
accomodations to be obtained here from the country peoi)le, 1 
shall be compelled to order everything from the Fatherland at 
great ex^Dense and with much risk and trouble, or else live here 
u]>on these poor and hard rations alone, which would badly suit 
me and my children. We want ten or twelve farmers with 
horses, cows and laborers in ])roportion, to furnish us Avith bread 
and fresh butter, milk and cheese. There are convenient places 
which can be easily protected, and very suitable, which can be 
bought from the savages for trifling toys, or could be occu])ied 
without risk, because we have more than enough shores which 
have never been cleared but have always been reserved for that 
purpose. The business of furs is dull on account of a new war 


of the Maeeliibaeys (Mohawks) against the Mohicans, at the 
upper end of this river. There have occurred cruel murders on 
both sides. The Mohicans have fled and tlieir lands are unoc- 
cui)ied and are very fertile and pleasant. It grieves us that 
there are no people, and that there is any regulation of the 
Honorable Directors to occupy the same. They fell much wood 
here to carry to the Fatherland, but the vessels are too few 
to take much of it. They are making a wind mill to saw the wood 
and we also have a grist mill. They bake brick here but it is 
very poor. There is good material for burning lime, namely, 
oyster shells, in large cpiantities. The burning of potash has 
not succeeded, the master and his laborers are all greatly dis- 
appointed. AVe are busy now in building a fort of good quarry 
stone which is to be found not far from here in abundance. 
May the Lord only build and watch over our walls. There is 
good opportimity for making salt, for there are convenient 
places, tbe water is salt enough and there is no want of heat 
in summer. Besides, as to the water, both of the sea and rivers, 
they yield all kinds of fish, and as to the land, it abounds, in all 
kinds of game, wild and in the groves, with vegetaliles, fruits, 
roots, herbs and plants, both for eating and medicinal purposes, 
and with wonderful cures can be effected, which it would take 
too long to tell, nor could I do justice to the tale. Your Rev- 
erence has already obtained some knowledge thereof and will 
be able to obtain from others further information. The country 
is good and pleasant, the climate is healthy notwithstanding the 
sudden changes of cold and heat. The sun is very warm, the 
winter is strong and se'\'ere and continues fully as long as in 
our country. The best remedy is not to spare the wood, of which 
there is enough, and to cover one's self with rough skins, which 
can be easily obtained. 

"The harvest, God l)e praised is in the barn, and is hirger 
than ever before. There had been more work ]n;t on it than be- 
fore. The ground is fertile enough to reward labor, but they 
must clear it well, and till it just as our lands require. Until 
now there has been distress because many people were not very 
industrious, and also did not obtain proper sustenance for want 
of In-ead and other necessaries. But affairs are beginning to 
put on a better appearance, if only the Directors will send out 
good laborers and exercise all care that they be maintained as 
well as possible with what this country produces. I had in-om- 
ised to write to the Honorable Brethren, Rudolphus Petri, 
Joh'uies Sylvius and Domine C'!appen))urg, who with your 


Reverence are charged with the superintendence of these re- 
gions. Will your Reverence be pleased to give my friendly and 
kind regards. Will you also give my sincere respects to the 
Rev. Domine Triglandius, and to all the brethren of the Con- 
sistory. And esi)ecially do not forget my hearty salutation to 
the beloved wife and brother in law of your Reverence. Pleartily 
commending your Reverence and all of you to Almighty God. 

"From the Island of Manhatan in New Netherland this 11th 
day of August Anno Kii'S by me youi- Reverence's very obedient 
servant in Christ. 




When (ioveiiiiir Alinuit eaiiie to Xew Xetlierland there eanie 
with him a iiiilitary engineer named Kryn Fredericke, and under 
his direction preparations were made for erecting a fort. It 
was located npon the point of land which commanded the en- 
trance to l)oth rivers. Concerning the location of this fortifica- 
tion, there is no doubt oi- uncertainty, for it stood until the Revo- 
lution. The walls were originally of earth, and faced with sods. 
In 1628 it was still unfinished, and thou the walls were fortified 
by masonry woik of stone. It included an ample space for 
bui'dings, among which were a warehouse for storing the Com- 
pany's goods, a horse mill, a house for the Governor, a Secre- 
tary's office, and still later a church. At each of the four corners 
of tlie fort was a strong bastion, and the exact location of each 
may be here yiven. The southwest bastion was very near the 
river side, and at the present junction of Bridge and State 
streets. The northeast liastion was at the corner of Whitehall 
street. The southeast bastion was on the line of Bridge street, 
but some ways west of Whitehall. The northwest bastion was 
.'*o)ue ways from the river side, and was nearly opposite the 
corner of Broadway, the exti'eme |)oint lieing a little farther 
west, but not half w^ay to Greenwich street. Between these 
bastions on the east and south sides were spaces of land used 
as gardens. The lots which fronted on Pearl street were l)ounded 
north by the Governor's garden, which was a part of the Fort 
grounds, but the line was not straight. The westernmost lot on 
Pearl street was described as bounded on the west "partly by 



the strand and })artly l)y the (lovernor's garden." Tlie fort, as 
regards size, seems to have remained nnchanged. and from a 
survey made in 1788 it seems that the entire ph)t of ground, 
or the fort premises, was about 395 feet on Whitehall street, 
or the east side, the south line was about 425 feet. On the west 
it was about 4()0 feet, and about 344 feet on the north. In l(i4i' 
a new church, the second in the city, was built by (Jovernor 
Kieft. It was a l)uildino' of considerable size, and shows very 


Fort Amsterdam. 

cons])ieuously in all of the many views given of Xew Amster- 
dam. All of the ]»ul)li<' business of the Colony was done, or 
supposed to be done, in the fort, and all decrees and patents for 
land are described as ''done at Fort Amsterdam." and in later 
years, under Englisli rule, as "done at Fort James." 

The first accurate descri])tion of this fortification, is found 
in the Journal of the T.abadists. who came here in_ l(i7!>. They 
state: "Tlie church lieing in the fort, we h-id an opportunity 
to look through the lattci-. It is not large, it has four points, or 
batteries; it has no moat outside. Init is enclosed with a double 


row of palisades. It is built fi'om tlie foundation with quarry 
stone, the parapet is of earth. It is well provided with cannon, 
for the most part of iron, though tliei'e were some small brass 
pieces, all bearing the mark or arms of the Netherlands. The 
garrison is small. There is a well of tine water, dug in the fort 
by the English. Contrary to the opinion of the Dutch, who sup- 
posed the fort was built upon a rock, there is indeed some in- 

Governor Andross. 

dication of stone there, for along the edge of the water below 
the foi't there is a very large rock extending apparently under 
the fort, which is built u])on the point formed l)y the two rivers. 
It has only one gate, and that is on the land side, opening upon 
a broad idain or street called the Broadway. Over this gate are 
the arms of the Duke of York. During the time of the Dutch 
there were two gates, namely, another on the water side, but 
tlie English have closed it and made a battery there with a false 


gate. Tu. front of the church is inscribed the name of Governor 
Kieft, wlio caused tlie same to l)e built in 1642. It has a sliingled 
roof, and upon the gal)le towards tlie water there is a small 
wooden tower, with a bell in it, but no clock. There is a sun 
dial on three sides. The front of the fort stretclies east and 
west, and conse(|uently the sides run north and south." 

The condition of the fort and the other fortifications of the 
city in 1(588 is very ])lainly given in a report made by order of 
Governor Sir Edmund Andross, who ap])ointed Francis Xicliol- 
son, (V)lonel Nicholas Bayard, William Beeckman, Stephen Van 
Cortlandt, Matthew Plowman and Gabriel Minveill to make a 
careful survey of the same. Un November 15th they reported 
that they had taken "two carpenters, a mason and a glazier," 
and report : 

"The fence al)out the Fort, the Posts rotten, several ])annels 
fallen dowm, and to replace the same would retjuire 150 jjosts, 
300 clap boards, 25 nails. 100 rails, and the whole cost with work- 
manship would be £10, 13s, 5d. There were formerly about the 
Fort, stockadoes of about 9 feet high and 10 feet from the walls 
but none now. To make it u)) again would require 1800 short 
stockadoes, 2400 of 12 foot long, the thinnest edge 6 inches, at 
12d each, making a cost of £120. Upon the Flag mount there 
are (i brass guns demiculverins, with new carriages. The stone 
wall aliout the Fort was in an inditferent good condition. The 
Flagg staff was rotten and a new one would cost £5. Ujion the 
wall curtain were two lirass seekers, and another brass cannon. 
Two brass mortars, one JV^ inches, and the other 8%. The 
whole Platform was rotten, and would need 1400 feet of three 
inch plank, and 30 sleepers, each 20 feet long. The wall of the 
old Battery, hangs over and needs buttresses. The old well 
having fallen in there wants a new one which will cost £25." 

This clearly indicates that there had been a well there in 
Dutch times. Fpon the magazine uKumt were six demiculverins. 
New platforms were needed which would re(pure 1150 feet of 
plank. T'i»on the iron mount were four seekers. Fpon the 


merry moiiiit (the iioi-thwest bastion) were four seekers and two 
lirass c'ulverins. The breastworks u})on the wall were most part 
(juite out of repair. Out of the fort, under the flag mount (the 
southwest l)astion) near the water side, there were five denii- 
culverins. The "Great House," and all the other l:)uildings 
were greatly out of repairs. In short, according to this report, 
everytiiing was out of order, and required great and extensive 

The report goes on to describe the conditions of the other 
fortificntions of the city. Before the Town fiall (at Coenties 
Slip) was a hali' moon battery, most ruined and washed away 
by the sea. r])on this were three demi-culverins, and three rot- 
ten carriages, fit for nothing. A stone wall had l)een built along 
the water side, fi-oui there to another half-moon l)attery by Bur- 
gers Path (Old Slip), but it was washed away, and the half- 
moon was ruined and beaten down by the water. "There were 
four seekers and one minion," but no carriages. From this 
])lace to the water gate (foot of AVall street) a stone wall had 
also been built, but had been washed down l)y the water. "But 
there are new lots laid out before theiu to low water mark, for 
people to build upon, which will be wharf ed out by the several 
o^'uers of said lots." These "half-moon batteries" were luiilt 
upon a low, artificial embankment, ujjou which was a platform 
of planks, and on this the guns rested. There were three of 
these batteries, ---one at Coentie.^ Slip, in front of the old City 
Hall, one at ( )ld Sli]), aud the third at the water gate, at the foot 
of Wall street. The i-e})ort next ])roceeds to state the condition 
of tlie wall, or fortification, along the north side of Wall strcH't. 
and from which the street derives its name: 

"The Curtain from the Water (late to the Artillery Mount 
was formerly chnil)le stocknrloed, and a ditch with l)reast works 
within of salt sod, and now all down. The ground is laid out in 


lots, some built, some a building and layd out to build upon. 
The Artillery ^Nlount has no guns, the walls indifferent good, 
the sod work out of re])air, as also the Ditch and Stoekadoes 
ruined. A sm;il! old house in ye middle of ye mount." 

The artillery mount mentioned, a[>pears to have been aI)out 
halfway between I\'arl street :nid IJroadwaN'. In the ma]) of the 
city, ealled the "Duke's Plan," made in 1()()4, five of these artil- 
lery mounts ;)re noted — one between Pearl and William streets, 
another ])etAveen A\'illiam and Nassau streets, a third at Nassau 
street, and the foui-th at the "Land Gate" at Broadway. There 
was another west of Broadway. The report proceeds : 

"The Curtine from ye .Vrtillery Mount to ye land gate 
mount, formerly double stockadoed, with a ditch and Itreast 
works, now all gone. The mount by the land gate, ye stone wall 
to the north west post, ruined, ye breast (u- sod work also, ye 
ground laid out to build u])on." 

Grant Thorburn in one of liis works states tliat when some 
excavations were l)eing made at the north coi'ner of AVall 
street and Broadway, the remains of a very large red cedar })ost 
was discovered. A ^■ery old man who was present said that it 
was the original post of the land gate, in yenrs long gone by. The 
re])ort then says : 

"The land gate ready to fall down. The curtine from ye 
town gate to ye Locust Trees, formerly stockadoed with a ditch 
and brea'-t woi'ks. now gone. The King's Garden by ye Locust 
trees, all ruined. The Pa^ty Mount formerly stockadoed, about 
now falling down. There are 2 seekers, one old carriage, all 

The "Locust Trees" stood near the river shore, at the foot 
of Thames street. The "Pasty Mcnmt" was the half-moon bat- 
tery, so frequently mentioned ;'.s the "Oyster Pasty." This 
stood at the foot of Oyster Pasty lane (now Lxchange Place, 
west of Broadwav). This is mentioned in some histories as 


having been Imilt in the time of Jacob Leisler, bnt from the 

above must have been built long before. There seems to have 

been originally a line of stockades along the shore, but is not 

mentioned in the report. The report adds: 

"The Curtine from the Pasty Mount to ye point of ye 
Merry Mount of Fort James (the north west bastion) was all 
Stockadoed and breast work but none now." 

Such was the condition of the fort aiul tlie fortifications 
as they were in the time of (rovernor Andross. It is needless 
to say that after the Knglish conquest the name of the fort was 
changed to Fort James, in honor of His Royal Highness 
James, Duke of York and Albany, the Proprietor of the Prov- 
ince; but during the brief time after its capture by the Dutch 
it was named "Fort Orange." Fp to the time of the Revolu- 
tion, it received in succession the names of the rulers of Fng- 
land, and was known as Fort William, Fort Ann, and Fort 

After the Revolution it was fully recognized that tlie fort 
was utterly useless for the purposes of defense. By an Act of 
Legislature, March 29, 1784, it had been ])laced under the con- 
trol of the governor. In I78S a careful survey was made of the 
fort and the adjoining land. After some consultation with the 
city authorities, an act was passed, March 16, 1790, reserving 
to the People of the State all that part of Fort George "begin- 
ning at a stake standing on the easterly side of the Broadway 
continued at a })lace which is 86 feet distant on a course south 
37 degrees 4-5 minutes east from the southeast corner of the 
dwelling house of Captain Archibald Kennedy (No. 1 Broad- 
way), and running llienee easterly to the northeast corner of 
the old seci'etary's office on Whitehall street, thence southerly 
along the west side of Whitehall street to the ground of Cap- 
tain Thomas Randall, then westerlv along the north side of his 


gTonnd. and along- the rear of the lots which fi'ont on Pearl 
street, as far as they extend, then north 57 degrees and 45 
niinntes west, nntil a conrse north 32 degrees 15 minntes east 
will strike the place of heginning, and thence north oL' degrees 
15 niinntes enst to tlu^ iih'ce of heginning." All the re- 
mainder of the fort and lands adjoining helonging to the State, 
wliieh inclnded the battery, were granted to the city for the ])nr- 
]50se of erecting Iniildings and work- of defense, hnt witliont 
|)Owcr to sell. 

U|.'on the lan.d reserved to the State, a conmiittee consist- 
ing of (lerard Bancker, Richard A'arick and John Watts were 
to ei'ect " a pro])er honse" for the nse of the government, to he 
applied to the tem])0]'ary nse and accommodation of the Presi- 
dent of tlie Ignited States, dnring snch time as Congress shall 
hold their sessions in the city, and the snm of eiglit thonsand 
])onnd.s ($12. 000) was ai>]'ro]!riated for that |)nr])ose. The city 
was to canse the fort to he demolished, and to erect a new Inilk- 
head "fvom the end of the hnlkhead late'y erected hy then.i." 
and continne the same to the sonthwest l)astion of the battery. 
This meant to fill in the river to the line of Greenwich street. 
Tlie west line of the i)art reserved is the east line of State 
sti-eet, which was then o]5ened to Pearl street. 

When the fort was destroyed and tlu' land leveled, many 
relics were fonnd. There were three hnrial vanlts nnder the 
chapel, or old Dntch Chni-ch. Tn one was the remains of the 
wife of Goveinor Hnnter. who died Angnst 8, 171(>. Anotlier 
contained f(nir (n- live coffins, among them that of Lord Bella- 
mont. who died in 1701. The third contained only a few liones. 
There was also foimd a stone with a Dntdi insci-i])tion : 

"Tn the year of onr [.oi-d 1042 William b'ieft. Director 
General, caused the congregation to l)nild this chnrcli." 


This stone was placed in the Garden Street Dutch Church, 
and remained till the cliurcli was destroyed in the great tire 
of 1885. 

Tlie new building was called "The Government House," 
but was never occupied by the President. Before it was com- 
l>leted the seat of national government was removed to Phila- 
delphia. The governor of the State occupied it for some years, 
and it was afterwards used as a custom house. 

In 1808 Bridge street was extended to State street, and this 
left a narrow strip of land on the south side of the street, which 
was sold by the Governor, Daniel i). Tomi)kins, to the owners of 
tlio lots which fronted on Pearl street. The lots so sold were 
short, and as the line was not straight, they were of different 
lengths. The remainder of the tract was conveyed to the City 
of New York hy the State; the (lovernment House was de- 
stroyed; the land was divided into lots, and sold at auction on 
Tuesday, June 16, 1815. Upon the north side, fronting Bowling 
Green, seven elegant residences were erected, and, being oc- 
cuiiied by wealtliy citizens, it was called "(^Juality Row," and 
was a fashionable part of the city. About forty years ago these 
elegant houses were abandoned as residences, and almost all of 
them were used at steamship offices. In 1899 the entire block 
was i)urehased by the United States for a new (*ustom House, 
and the work of demolishing the buildings liegan in Felu'uary, 
1900. When Whitehall street was widened in 1852, the greater 
part of Lot 1 was taken. 

Rev. Everanliis Bogardus. 

THK DrTClI cnrHcii. 

( )t' all the institutions ol' tlie city, tlie Dutcli Reformed 
clinrcli ranks as tlie oldest, and from the time of its beginning 
to the present day. its usefulness and importance lias constantly 

At an early period of the Reformation, the Protestants were 
divided into two l^odies — the Lutheran, and the Reformed. The 
latter Ijecame dominant in the Netherlands, and maintained their 
religious liberties only after a long and bloody sti'uggle against 
the mighty ])Ower of S])aiii. So cahnnitous was their condition 
before the eighty years war, that they gave themselves the name 
of "The Church under the Cross." In 156(5 the deputies of the 
clnirches met in Antwer]i and adopted the Belgic confession, 
which continues to this day to be one of the doctrinal standards 
of the Reformed <'lnn\'h in Holland. Abou.t the same time the 
Heidelberg catechism, which hnd l)ccn issued in the Clerman 
language in ^'^ih]. Avas translated into Dutch and widely cii'cu- 
lated in the Xetherland^. Various doctrinal differences had 
arisen among the Reformed, and in KilS was convened the 
famous Synod of Dort, to which all the Reformed churches of 
p]uro])e were invited to send delegates (except Anliolt), and they 
all did so; but the delegates chosen by the French churches were 
forbidden by the King to attend. The Belgic confession and the 
Heidelberg catechism were i-evised, as well as the Rules of 
Church Government. The chui-ch in Holland, thus fully orga- 
nized, became distinguished foi- learning, soundness in the faith, 
and i)ractical godliness. Holland became the connuon refuge of 


all the persecuted believers in Europe. The Huguenots from 
France, the Waldenses from Italy, the C'ovenauters and Puritans 
from England — all found a safe refuge on her hospitable shore. 

The early settlers in New Xetherland brought with them 
the Bible and the C'ateehism, and two church officers who were 
called the K rniil.-Jx'Z'iel'ci s or V/ichcnf idosfi'rs (consolers of the 
sick). It was also their duty in the al)sence of a minister, to 
gather the people together and read to them select passages 
of the Scripture, suitably arranged for instruction and comfort. 
The iirst men to hold this position, a'ike necessary and lionor- 
al)le, were Jansen Krai and dan Huyck. 

When the Hev. donas Michaelius arrived in 1628, he for- 
mally organized a church, which is pi-obably the oldest Prot- 
estant church (HI this continent. The first thing was to appoint 
two elders for the assistance of the minister, and these were the 
directors, Peter Minuit and his brotlicr-in-law, dan Huygiien, 
who was the store-keeper of the West India Company. At the 
tir^t administration of the Lord's Supjier there were iifty com- 
municants — AValloons and Dutch, who foruied the great majority 
of the small po])ulation. .\t an early (hite branch churches were 
established in various parts of the colony — at All)any (then 
called Fort ()i'an,2e), in 1(Ui2; at Flatbusli, on Long Island, in 
165-I-; and in Urooklxn. in liifin. ( )thci-s were established in the 
settlements on the tlutlson and Mohawk rivers, and in New 
Jersey and l^ennsylvania. In 1771 th.e number had reached 

At the time of the English conquest in 1()()4. one of the 
Articles of Capitulation was: 

"The Dutch here shall enjoy the liberty of their consciences 
and divine worship and Church disci})line. " The first religious 
services, which took |)lace after the arrival of Dominie Michael- 
ins, were lield in a large up])er rooift of the mill, which had been 


erected in the fort, lu the 8i)ring' of Kioo, the iirst church was 
erected, which was a plain wooden 1:)uilding. The site of this 
church is now Number 33 Pearl street, and the Oude Kirk or 
old church is frequently mentioned. When a new eliurch was 
erected in the foi-t, the ohl church and lot were sold to Jacob 
Wolfertsen Van Cowenhuven, who sold it to Isaac De Forrest, 
September 1, 1656. In 1667, a Patent of Confirmation was 
granted hy Governor Nicolls to Isaac De Forrest. His widow 
sold it to Allard Anthony. "A certain lot of ground with a 
house thereupon, theji coimnonly called the Oude Kirk, or Old 
Church, being on the Strand towards the East Kiver. Bounded 
north by the street called the Bridge street, west l)y tlie house 
and ground of the heirs of Cornelius Van Tienhoven, south by 
the Strand or Water side, and east by the house and ground of 
Jan Hendriekse De Bruyn." 

This document is dated -June ."JO, KiSi*. The price paid was 
10,200 guilders. 

This primitive church building was described by a historian 
of the time as more like a barn than a liouse of worship, and 
an invidious comparison was made between it and the more ele- 
gant edifices erected in the towns of Puritan New England. 
Other reasons made it vei'y desiia.ble to have a new church, and 
the story of its origin is told in amusing style. On one occasion 
a wedding festival was given by Dominie Bogardus in honor of 
the marriage of his daughter to the surgeon, Hans Kierstede. 
"The Director (William Kieft) thought this a good time for his 
pur})ose, and set to woi-k after the fourth or fifth drink, and he 
himself, setting a liberal examjjle, let the wedding gi^ests sign 
whatever they were disposeel to give toward the church. Each 
then with a light head subscribed away at a handsome rate, one 
competing with the other, and although some lieai'tily repi'tited 
it when their senses came back, they were oMiged to ]>ay; noth- 
ing could avail against it." 

This new chui'ch was erected in the fort, and it is very 
conspicuous in all the early \■ie^vs of the city. It was seventv 


feet long', fifty-two feet wide, and sixteen feet high, with a 
peaked roof. ( )n the sonth end was a higli tower, and in it hnng 
a hell, on which was cast the Latin inscription, "Duleior E. 
Nostris tinuitihns resonat aer. P. 1 lemony me fecit, 1(374." 
(The air resonnds sweeter from cmr ringing. P. Heniony made 
me.) It was called The C'hnrch in the Fort, Imt was officially 
St. Nicholas clmrch. In front was a stone tahlet with the in- 
scri]ition : 

"an. DOM MUeXLll 



(A. I). Ki-I-L*. W. Kieft, lieing Director General, has eansed 
the congregation to Imild this temple.) 

This chnrch is plainly visihle in. a drawing made hy Laurens 
Hermans Block, as seen from the ship Lydia in 1650. A much 
plainer view is given in a drawing accompanying the manuscript 
Journal of the Lahadists (which is elsewhere mentioned), and 
made in KIT!'. 

In a vault under this church Lord Bellemont, one of the 
royal go\'ernors, was huried, and the wife of Governor Hunter. 

In 1()87 this chni-ch had hecome too snuiU for the increasing 
numher of the worshipers, and a lot ^^'as purchased on the north 
side of what in ancient I hitch times was called Tuyn 
Straat, or (iarden street, and now Exchange Place, 
east of Broad street. This lot was hounded on the 
north hy tlu^ orchard of the widow of Dominie 
Drissius, who had owned a large tract of what in old times 
was the "Sheej) Pasture," on hotli sides of Broad street. The 
new structure was huilt of hrick, with a steejile and a large 
s(p.iare foundation, and over the vestihule was a room for meet- 
ings of the consistory. It is claimed to have heen the finest 
chnrch e:lifice in the (Mtlonies, and was dedicated in IGOo. The 



windows were l()iii>- and narrow, and fitted with small panes of 
glass set in lead, on wliit'li were the eoats-of-anns of the principal 
l)arishioners. The hell, pnlpit and furnitnre of the old chnrcli 

First Dutch Church in Garden Street. 

were transferred here, and many escutcheons of leading- fam- 
ilies himg against the walls. The peo]ile contributed silverware 
and money, which was se?!t to Amsterdam and made into a com- 
munion set and a large baptismal basin. The first church oriiau 


in Xew York •mounded within these walls, for in 17l2() Cxovernor 
Burnet brought one over and ])resented it to the eonsistory. 

Tlie friendly connection and relations with Engiisli congre- 
gations is shown l)v the fact tliat L'ev. AVilliam Vesey, the first 
I'ector of Trinity cluirch, was inducted into that office in this 
Iniilding, that church not being yet completed, and, at the recjuest 
of the English governor, two ministers from the Dutcli church 
assisted at the service. It was in the churchyard adjoining that 
the famous but ill fated Jacob T^eisler was buried, when his re- 
mains were removed from their original burying place where 
they were laid after his execution. Tn 1766 the church was en- 
larged and re])aired. Tn 1807 it was taken down, and a more 
connnodious edifice erected on its site, and remained till its de- 
struction in the great fire of 1835. The congregation then di- 
vided into two ))arts. One built a church on ^NFurray street, 
where they Avorshi]ied for many years, and then built a new 
edifice on the southwest corner of Fiftli avenue and Twenty-first 
street. Some years later they removed to a new building on 
the southeast corner of Thirty-fourth street and Park avenue, 
where they still remain, and retain the name of tlie "Old South 
C^hureh." The other ]iart built a church on the soutli corner 
of AVasliington Place and Washington Square. This was after- 
wards sold to the Asbury Methodist Ejiiscopal church. The old 
congregation became scattered, and no longer exists. 

Tn 1729 the consistory ])nrc]iased a large lot on the east side 
of Nassau street, including the entire front between Tjiliertv and 
Cedar streets, or as they were then cal'ed. Crown and Little 
Queen streets. This naturally became known as the "New 
Dutch Chui'ch." and lemained till recent years. 

In the early days all church services were conducted in the 
Dutch language, luit a new generation had sjirnng up, to wliom 
English was a mother tongue. Tn response to the request of a 

Vol. 1—6 

J^ t/ie jlo/ioural}lt 





Euiirjved bv W. Qo 



large number of those who worshiped in this place, the use of 
the latter language was introduced. The first sermon in English 
was pi'eached in April, 1764, by Rev. Dr. Laidlee. 

During the Hevolution the British trooi)S used this sacred 
edifice as a prison, and also as a riding school. The entire in- 
terior was destroyed, leaving only the bare walls. After the 
Revolution it was restored and refurnished and services were 
resumed, and it was kept in constant use until 1844, a ])eriod of 

Second Dutch Church in Garden Street. 

one hundred and fifteen years. From 1845 to 1875 it was oc- 
cupied as a i)ostoffice. On the corner of Nassau and Cedar 

streets is a l)ronze tablet bearing the inscription: 

iikrf: stood the middle dutch church erected 17:29, 

made a milftary prison 1776. 

restored 17!*() 

occurrED bv u. s. p. o. 1845-75. 


In 17()9 another church was built, on the northwest corner 


of Fnlton and William streets. Tliis was tlie first one erected 
exclusively for English services. It was first opened for wor- 
slii]> on Tlmrsday, ^fay 25, 1769. At that time New York was 
empliatically an FiUglish city, and the use of the Dutch language 
was the exception ratlier than the rule. This church remained 
until 1875, when it was taken down. Prom the time of its build- 
ing it took the name of the "North Dutch Church," while the 
one on Nassau street became known as the "Middle Dutch 
Church." The first stone of the new church was laid July 2, 
17')7, by ^Ir. Jacobus Eoosevelt, the senior elder. The walls 
were ready to receive the roof June 17, 1768. During the Revo- 
lution the also took possession of this church, removed 
the furniture, and turned the place into a hospital and prison. 
It is said that the pulpit was taken to England and was used 
there in a parish church. After the war the building was re- 
stored and opened for worshij). In this church the Pulton street 
prayer meeting, which has a world wide reputation, was first 

In 1889 a fourth church was Iniilt on the northwest corner 
of Lafayette Place and Pourth street. At that time this was 
considered very far l^^ town. It was built of granite, and in 
front had eight beautiful Ionic columns, each a uKuiolith. In 
form it resembled the Temple of Erectheus, at Athens. There 
was a beautiful pulpit of statuary marble. In 1887 it was taken 
down. It was proposed to remove the beautiful columns and 
erect them in C'entral Park, but the ])roject failed, and they 
were thrown down and broken in pieces to facilitate their re- 
moval. In the place of this a new church was built on Second 
avenue and Seventh street. This still stands, and is the only 
instance in which a church has 1)een moved "down town." 

The beautiful ]\larl)le Church on the northwest corner of 
Piftli avenue and Twenty-ninth street was opened for worship 

North Dutch Church. 



ill 1854. In tlie court yard stands the Ijell wliieli was cast in 
Amstei'dani in 1795 for the old North church on Fulton street. 

The church at the corner of Fifth avenue and Forty-eighth 
street, was dedicated in 1872. In the tower hangs tlie old his- 
toric hell, cast in Amsterdam in 1731, and presented to the 
church hy ( Vjlonel .\l)raliani De Peyster, and hung for many 
years in the tower of the old ^[iddle Dutch church on Nassau 
street. At the time of the Txevolution it was taken down and 
secreted, l)ut was replaced after the evi'cuatioii. 

The new ^Middle Dutch church on Second avenue near 
Seventh street, mav be truly called a ^lemorial church. The 
large rose window is in memory of a long line of deceased min- 
isters. Three beautiful mural taoiets ]3erpetuate the memory 
of the foundei's of the church in this city. The persons thus 
memorialized, are Peter Minuit. the director general; Sebastian 
Jansen Krol, and Jan PTuyck — the first church officers in 1()2G, 
and Jonas ^lichaelius, the first minister, in 1(528. 

The prosperity of the Dutch church in financial affairs is 
based upon a rich gift made in early times. A tract of land 
called the Shoemaker Pasture was owned l)y five i)ersons, one 
of whom was Jan Har])endinck. This tract was bounded west 


by Broadway, north l\v the rear line of the lots on the north 
side of Fnlton street, east by a line one hnndred feet east of 
AVilliam street, and south by Maiden Lane. In 1723 Jan Har- 
pendinck left his share to the Dutch church, which still retains 
a large jiortion of it which is of a constantly increasing value. 
Among the relics i)reserved in the church at Second avenue and 
Seventh sti-eet. are the coat-of-arnis of Jan Harpendinck. This 
hung for many years above the ])ulpit in the old North church, 
whicli stood on a part of the land bequeathed by him. We may 
add here as an historical fact, that the tii-st Jewish synagogue 
in New York was in a house on ^Fill street (now South AVilliam 
street), owned by Jan Harpendinck. in 1(599. 

Among- the early ministers of the Dutch church, the most 
famous was the Reverend Everardus Bogardus, who came over 
from Holland in 1633 with Walter Von Twiller, who succeeded 
Peter Minuit as director general. He was a man of education 
and intellect as well as one of a very determined and inde- 
pendent character. As he held his trust directly from the di- 
rectors of the West India Company, he was not dependent upon 
the good graces of the governor, and when he dilfered with him, 
did not hesitate to express his o]nnions oi»enly and vigorously. 
He does not seem to have lieen adverse to good fellowship and 
good cheer. Director Von Twiller 's inca]iacity was a matter of 
general comment, and the dominie was not inclined to refrain 
from speaking his mind. He is once stated to have sent Von 
Twiller a message, denouncing him as "a child of the devil," 
and threatened him with such a shake from the pulpit on the 
following Sunday as "would make them both shudder." What 
effect it had upon the former individual, we have no means of 
knowing, but it had very little effect ui)on the latter, and the 
ffuarrel continued. He was e(|ually bold in o])])osing Director 
William l\ieft. who succeeded Von Twiller, and freely exin'essed 

Dutch Church, Second Avenue, Near Seventh Street. 



himself against the abuses of the government, and his eovetous- 
ness and many excesses, and esi)eeially for bringing on the ter- 
ril)le Indian war wbicli nearly extingnishcd the settlement. In 
retnrn, the directdr charged the dominie with drnnkenness and 
v:ith dislionoring the inil])it by his passionate behavior, and 
stated tli'it his ^-eiinon.s were nothing l)nt the "rattling of old 
wives' stories drawn ont fi'cnn a distaff," and that he was a 

Dutch Church, Lafayette Place. 

seditions man wlio strove to excite the people against him as 
governor. The dominie loudly denonnced him from the i^nlpit, 
and the governor in revenge caused drums to be beat, and even 
cannon to l)e discharged, and he also encouraged the soldiers 
to indulge in noisy amusements during the time of service. 

One of the most important events in the life of Dominie 
Bogardus was his marriage to the famous Annetje (or Anneke) 
Jans, the widow of Koeloff Janscii, who had been one of the su- 


l)evintendents of the great ^Vfanor of Rensselaerwyek. In IGoG 
Roelotf Jansen ol)tained a "ground brief," or grant of a bow- 
ery, or farm, which in later years was destined to become a bone 
of contention between the heirs of Anneke Jans and Trinity 
cluircli. Koeloff died in 1().'>S. leaving tive chiklren, and within 



Elders deacons 

petermarschaur ysaac e.oseuelt 

peter lott adrian" banckex 

COB-N^BOGERT andre-w&arschalk 



^ THE FIRST Stone "WAS LAID Iuly 2 \y6y Bt 


The Wails euilt to receixje the roof iiine \y iJuZ 

These pillars reared Iune 2| 17^8 
The fikst^ngiishMinistek for the dttcch 
congreoatioit the red archibald laidlie 17^4 


Tobias VAN ZAND 1 'clerk; gaizl fecit 


Tablet in North Dutch Church. 

a year slie married the minister. The marriage contract still 
exists, l)y which she settled one thonsand guilders of the estate 
of her former husband ni)on his children, and they both agreed 
to bring them u\) decently, i)r(>v!(le them with food and clothing, 
keep them at school, and let them learn reading, writing and a 
good trade. This contract was witnessed by Director Kieft, the 


Councillor de la Montague, and Cornelius Von Tienlioven, tlie 
most distinguished men in the colony. 

The fate of Dominie Everardus IJogardus was melancholy. 
In 1()47 he sailed for Holland in the ship "Princess," and with 
him also sailed his old enemy, Director Kieft. The vessel ^Yas 
wrecked on the coast of Wales, and all on board jierished. His 
wife, Anneke Jans, survived him many years, and died in Albany 
in l(^(io, and she was buried in the yard of the old Dutch church 
in Hudson street in that city. She left in all eight children — 
Jan, Jonas, William, Cornelius, Pieter, Sara, wife of Dr. Hans 
Kierstede; Catrina, who married Johanes Pietersen Von 
Brugh ; and Fytie. The house where she and her husband lived 
in New York is now No. 23 Whitehall street, and a bronze tal)let 
commemorates the fact. 

The portrait of Rev. Everardus Bogardus, here presented, 
is taken from an ancient painting on glass. In recent years it 
was in yiossession of Mr. CMiristo))her Tap])en, of Brooklyn, one 
of his descendants. Several photographs were made by Mr. 
Abraham Bogardus, a celebi'ated artist. One of these was pre- 
sented to the Reformed Dutch church in New York, and from 
that the engraving was made. The following is the list of min- 
isters down to 1812 : 

Jonas ^lichaelius. . . .1628-1633 AVilhelmus Van Viewen- 

Everardus Bogardus. 1633-1647 Imysen 1()71-1()82 

Johannes Backarns. .1647-1()49 Henricus Selyns. ... 1682-1 701 

Johannes ^legapolen- (hialterus Du Bois. . 1699-1751 

sis 1649-1669 Henricus Boel 1713-1754 

Samuel Drissius 1652-1673 Johannes Ritzema .. .1744-1784 

Samuel Megapolen-.. Lambertus De Ronde. 1751-1 784 

sis 1664-1668 


Archibald Laidlie. . .17M4-1779 Gerardus Arense ... 

John Henry Living-. Kuy})ers 1789-1833 

ston 1770-1812 John Xeilson Abeel. .1795-1812 

AVilliani Linn 1785-1805 John Sclmrinan 1809-1812 

Coat of Arms of John Harpending. 


The ancestry of this family, so famous in tlie history of 
Xew York, can be traced hack to a very femote anti(|nity. Those 
who take an interest in anticjuarian investigations have traced 
its origin to the Province of Dauphine, now the department of 
the Isere in the southeastern part of France; about six miles 
from Grenolile the ruins of the Chateau Bayard, crowning a 
hill which commands one of the noblest prospects in that roman- 
tic region, marks what is regarded as the cradle of the race. 
They were distinguished from the earliest times for courage 
in war and fidelity to their sovereign. A Segiieur de Bayard, 
then the head of the house, was slain at the battle of Poitiers 
in the vain attempt to prevent the capture of King John the 
Good by the English. His son fell in coml)at with the same 
enemy at Aginconrt, and his grandson at ]\[ontlliery. The second 
in descent from this last has furnished to posterity an illusti'ious 
exa]n])]e of the ])erfect knight "without fear and without re- 
])roach," the famous Chevalier Bayard, the Captain of Charles 
VIII, Louis XII and Francis I, the latter of whom would re- 
ceive tlie honor of knightlu^od from no hand but his. In 1505 
he, single-handed, ke]it the bridge of the Garigiiano against 
the Si^aniards, and saved the whole French ai'niy. In the wars 
between Francis and the Enrporer C^harles V, he was the most 
trusted French leader, and fell while conducting the retreat at 
the passage of the Sesia, A])ril P>n, 1524. He left no heirs and 
his rank and estates descended to the next of kin, but fame 
will keej) his honored name in rememln-ance down to the latest 



The family name Du Teirail was ni?rgefl in tlie territorial 
name Bayard. 

Nicholas Bayard, the ancestor of the Amei'ican family, was 
descended from an uncle of the t'lievalit'r. wiio went to Lan- 
guedoc, embraced the Protestan*^ faitli ami became a minister. 




. /> 

Book Plate of Samuel Bayard. 

Like thonsands of others he tied to England to escape Eoman 
(•atholic {lersecution, was jjastor of Xorwich and was connected 
with the chnrches of "The Olive." He was ])astor at Antwerp, 
1591, and at Ziericksee, 15!)4-l(ii;), at which place he died in 
1617. He married Blandina Conde. Their son. Lazare Bayard, 
was also a minister and was assistant to his father at Zierick- 
see in 1601. He was adopted hy the chnrches, and was sent 


to Leyden for his education. He belonged to the chnrch of 
"The Olive," and visited several churches. He was at Breda 
during the siege, 1607, was at Amsterdam in 1632, returned to 
Breda in 1637, and died there in 1643. He married Judith De 
Vos, at Ziericksee, and had children: Judith, baptized Xo- 
vember 16, 1608; and Samuel, baptized at Breda, September, 
1609. Judith married Peter Stuyvesant, at Amsterdam in 
1646. Samuel married Anna, sister of Peter Stuyvesant, and 
had three sons: Belthazar, Petrus and Nicholas, born 1644, 
who came with their widowed mother and her brother-in-hiw. 
Governor Peter Stuyvesant, to New Amsterdam, May 11, 1647, 
and from these all of the name in this country are descended. 

Balthazar Bayard married Maritje Lockermans. His will, 
dated ^farch 4, 1699, mentions his wife Maria and children. 
Ariantie ver Planck; Anna Maria, wife of Augustus Jay; 
Jacobus, Gouvert and Judy. This will was ]iroved Feliruary 19, 

Petrus Bayard became a convert to the doctrines of the 
Labadists, of whom an account may be found in another portion 
of this work. He went to Maryland and was ]n-ominent in the 
Labadist eomnranity. His descendants are famous, and among 
these may be mentioned Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, United States 
senator from Delaware, 1869-1880. Petrus Bayard in his old 
age withdrew from the community and returned to New York, 
where he died in 1699. His wife, Blandina (Kierstede) Bayard, 
was a noted woman, and understood the Indian language so 
well that she was frecpiently employed as interpreter. Her 
residence was on the north side of what is now Exchange ])lace. 
New York, a little east of Broadway. She died in 1711, and 
her will mentions her three children, Samuel, Sarah, married 
Al)raham Gaasbeack Chambers; and Petrus. Her son Petrus 
died before his mother, about 1710. He married Rachel Van 

Vol. 1—7 


Boel, and left a son Petrns (;>). From Samnel Bayard, Wve 
oldest brother, are descended the Bayards of Delawai'e. 

Petrns Bayard (8) was a merchant in Essex connty. New 
Jersey, and died thei-e in 17-I-."). His mother, Rachel Bayard, 
had married Henry Wileman. He left no children, bnt men- 
tions his wife Eve, and his ste])-brothers and sisters: Sanniel. 
John, Helena, wife of John Dn Bois; and Elizalieth, all children 
of Henry ^^'ileman. 

Nicholas liayard. brother of Balthazar, married Jndith 
Verlet, May 1^:5, l(i(i(i. The will of Nicholas Bayard, dated :\lay 
0, 1707, and ])i'oved Ajn'il 19, 1711, s])eaks of him as ))eing- "in 
indifferent good health." and leaves his estate to his son, Sanmcl 
Bayard, and his wife Jndith. 

Sanmel Bayard, l)ai)tized Sei)tember o, 1()69, married ]\[ar- 
garet. dangiiter of Stephen ^''an Cortlandt, who gave to his 
daughter and her husband a house and lot on the east side of 
Broad street, next south of the house and lot given to his daugh- 
ter who married Stephen De Lancey, better known in later 
years as the famous Fraunces Tavern. In his will, proved 
January 80, 174(i he leaves to his son, Stephen P)ayard, "tho: 
house and lot where he now liN'es," "bounded north by Duck 
street, west by Abraham De Peyster, east by the lunise and lot 
of Andries Teller, and south by the dock and wharf." This is 
now No. 80 Pearl street. To the children of his deceased 
daughter, Judith., avIio married Richard Van Dam, he left "a 
lionse and lot, bimnded north l)y Duke street, and east by Burgers 
Path," now the southeast corner of Stone street and Hanover 
s(|uare. To his daughter Gertrude, who married Peter Kem- 
ble. he left pi-oi)erty in New Brunswick, New Jersey. He left 
to his son Nicholas bis house and lot on Broad street. To his 
oldest son Samuel lie left "my house and lot where I now live; 
extending from Duke street to Princess street." This was a 

Nicholas Baj-ard. 


large lot on the north side of Stone street, east of the narrow 
lane called "Jews Alley," and extending to Beaver street. 
South William street was extended through this lot in 1826. He 
also left him "a garden on the north side of Princess street." 
To his daughter Margaret, who married James Van Home, he 
left "two houses and lots, extending from Dock street to Duke 

street, bought of Jacobus De Kay." This is now No. 

Pearl street. He left to his daughter, Anna Bayard, two houses 
and lots on the north side of Wall street. 

The son, 8te])hen Bayard, lived in Bergen county, New 
Jersey, and died there, in 1757. In his will he directs "my Bod}' 
to be privati?ly interred, and none but my relations to be in- 
vited, and none more remote than Cousins German." He left 
children, William, Margaret and Robert. To his son William he 
left his farm at Hoboken, and to Eol)ert he left his "farm at 
Weehawken with the ferry." 

Samuel Bayard, the eldest son, married Catharine Van 
Home. He died in 1784. His will states that ''whereas )uy 
son Peter hath behaved himself in a very undutiful and disor- 
derly manner, I be(|ueath to him 5 shillings in full of all claims." 
He left to his wife the use of his estate, and after her death to 
the children of Sanuiel Breeze and wife, namely, Samuel B., 
and Susan B., and to the children of William ^lalcom and wife 
Sarah, viz: Samuel B. and Catharine B. 

Nicholas Bayard, son of Samuel and ^largaret Van Cort- 
landt Bayard, married (first) Elizabeth Eynders, daughter of 
Barent Rynders and Hester Leisler, his wife, daughter of the 
famous but ill fated Jacob Leisler. By this marriage there 
were three children: Hester, married John Van Cortlandt; 
Judith, wife of Jeremiah Van Rensselaer; and Nicholas. He 
married (second) ^largarita Van Beverhout, and had three chil- 
dren: Elizabeth. Ann and Stephen. He left to his son Stephen 


sixty lots on the Bayard farm. To each of his daugliters lie 
left thirty lots, and the remainder to his son Xicholas, "inehid- 
ing my dwelling lionsc and lot on the sonth side of AVall street 
(now Xos. 37, 39, 41) and Itoth of my sngar houses, and a lot 
on the north side of Wall street." ^Nlai'garita Bayard died in 

Xicholas Bayard (called the alderman), the oldest son of 
the a1>ove family, died in 1802. He married Catharine, daugh- 
ter of Peter Van Brngh Livingston. He left all his estate to 
C'ornelius C Roosevelt, and to his brother, Steidien X. Bayard, 
of Schenectady, in trust for his daughters Mary, wife of 
William Houstoun; Elizabeth, wife of John H. Mackintosh; 
Margaret Sarah, wife of Gerard Rutgers; Catharine, wife of 
Charles Johnson; and Anna Ijivingston, who afterwards mar- 
ried Xicholas S. Bayard, in ISOO. and died in 1802. The great 
desire of the testator ai)i:ears to h-ive been to keep the prop- 
erty entirely out of the hands of their husl)ands. ^Irs. C^atharine 
Bayard died Xovember 2, 1775, aged thirty-two. Stephen X. 
Bayard, the brother mentioned, died in Xew York, in 1832, 
leaving all his estate to his wife Mary. 

Mary Bayard, daughter of Xicholas, married Honorable 
AVilliam Houstoun, June 10, 1786. She died August 7, 1806, 
leaving two children: ]\[aria and Elizabeth. Of these Afaria 
Houstoun married James Madison, and had one child, John 
H. ^Madison, who married Sarah Dunnett, and had two daugh- 
ters — Maria, who married Colonel Hancock; and Douglas. Eliz- 
abeth Houstoun was the second wife of General Duncan T^a- 
mont Clinch. She left no children. Houstoun street in Xew 
^'ork was named in honor of this family. 

Anna Livingston Bayard, daughter of Xicholas, married 
Xicholas S. Bavard, and had one child, Xicholas S. Bavard. 

John H. Mackiniubli. 

Eliza (Bayard) Mackintosh. 


Jr., who was three times married and left many cliildreii resid- 
ing in Georgia. 

Eliza Bayard, daughter of Xicliolas, married John IIous- 
toim ]\raekintosb, a son of (Jeorge Mackintosh, whose father, 
John Mohr Mackintosh, came to (xeorgia from Scotland with 
Oglethorjie; George ]\Iackintosh married Ann, danghter of Sir 
Patrick Houstonn, and sister of Hon. William jlonstomi. dohn 
H. Mackintosh was a graduate of Oxford, and married P^liza 
Bayard, April oO, 1792. He died in 183(i. His wife survived 
him and died in 1848. Their children were: John H., Jr., mar- 
ried Mary Higbee. George S., married Enphemia Hamilton. 
Catherine A., wife of Henry R. Sadler. Elizabeth Bayard, mar- 
ried General Duncan Lamont Clinch. Their children were: 

1. Eliza Bayard, married (Jeneral Robert Anderson, of national 
fame. 2. John H. ^[. 3. Mary Lamont. 4. Duncan Lament. 
5. Catlierine Maria, married Barnwell Haywood, of Charleston. 
South Carolina. Her son, Duncan Clinch Barnwell, is now 
governor of that state, (i. Henry. 7. Xicliolas. 8. George AV. 

General Robert Anderson, whose name and fame are an 
imperishable portion of the history of our country, was the son 
of Lieutenant Colonel Richard Clougli Anderson and Sarah 
Marshall, his second wife, who was a cousin of Chief Justice 
Marshall. His first wife was Ann Clark, of the same family as 
Captain Clark, the noted exjilorer. 

General Anderson was born June 14, 1805. He married 
Eliza Bayard Clinch, in New York City, March 26, 1842, the 
bride being given in marriage by General Winfield Scott. The 
children of this marriage are: 1. Duncan Lamont, died young 

2. Eliza Mackintosh Clinch. 3. ^iaria Latham. 4. So])hie Clinch. 
5. Robert. Cf these children Robert, the youngest, died at the 
age of twenty. He was the (Uily English siieaking boy at the 
College Rollin. France, and took the highest luize for French. 


At the coinpetitive exaniniatii)n at the Sorhomie, he took the 
highest i)rizt'. 

Mrs. (xeneral .ViuU'rson died Fel)niaiy l^o, l^Oo. Xo lietter 
account of tlie life of Cxeneral Kolu'i't Anderson from his l)irth 
to his lionored lirave can he given than tliat rend at West Point, 
on the centennial of liis hirtli, and wliicli is liere added. 

^lajor (ieneral Hohert Anderson was l)orn at "Soldiers' 
Ketreat" near Louisville. Kentucky (seat of his father. Col. 
Richard C'lough Anderson, Kevolutionaiy War), dune 14, 1S05 

Cadet at Military Academy, July 1, ISi^l. to July 1, 1825, 
when lie was graduated and ])romoted in tin' Army to Brevet 
2nd Lieut., 2nd Artillery, July 1, lS2r), to 2nd Lieut.. I^.rd Artil- 
lery. 1.S25. 

Served as Private Seeretai'y to his hrother, Richard Clough 
Anderson, Jr., 1st V. S. ALnister Plenipotentiary and Envoy 
Extraordinary to the Repul)lic of Colomlua. 1S25 to 1826. 

In garrison at Fort Monroe, Virginia, 182(i to 1828. 

While at Fortress Monroe he eajitured the French pirate 

On Ordnance duty March 6, 1828, to :\Iay 9, 1882. 

As Colonel on Staff and Insi)ector (Jeneral of Illinois Vol- 
unteers May !» to October 11, 1882, in the Campaign against the 
Sac Indians under I)lack Hawk. 

( )n ( )rdnance duty December 6, 1834, to May 5, 1835, and 
in garrison at Fort Constitution, N. H., 1835. 

At the Military Academy 1835 to 1837. As Asst. Instructor 
of Artillery Seiitemher 10, to December 1, 1885. 

As histructor of Artillery from December 1, 1885, to No- 
vember (i, 1887. 

In the Florida Wai- against the Seminole Indians 1837 to 


Brevetted C'aptaiii April 2, 1838, for gallantry and snc- 
cessfnl conduct of the war against the Florida Indians. 

In the Cherokee Nation as Aide-de-C-amp to Major General 
Scott May 9 to July 7, 1838. 

Brevet C'aptam on Staff and Assistant Adjutant (Jeneral 
July 7, 1838, to Novemlier 30, 1841. 

Assistant Adjutant (Jeneral Eastern l)ei)artinent .Iul\- 7. 
1838, to July, 1841. 

In garrison, Foi't Aloultrie. S. C, 1845 to 184(5. 

At Fort Marion, Florida, 184(5. 

At Fort Brooke, Florida, 184(5 to 1847. 

In the war witli Mexico 1847, heing engaged in the Siege 
of Vera Cruz March 9 to 29, 1847. 

At Battle of Cerro Gordo April 14 and 18, 1847. 

Skirmish of Amazo(|ue ]\Iay 14, 1847. 

Battle of Molino del Key Septenil)er 8, 1847, where he 
was severely wounded, being the first to enter the Mill. 

Author of the "C*onii)lete System of Instruction for Siege. 
Garrison, Seacoast and Marine Artillery," which was adopted 
for the Service in 1849. 

In garrison at Fort l*re])le, Maine, 1850 to 1853. 

Bill ]iassed in tlie Senate to found a "Soldiers' Retreat" 
or Home. Bill ])assed, as the "Bill of Robert Anderson to 
found a Home for Old Soldiers," 1851. 

Governor of Harrodslmrg Branch, Military Asylum, Ken- 
tucky, June n, 1853. to November 1, 1854. 

Member of Board for the .Vrmament of Foi'titications 1854 
to 1855. 

Major 1st Artillery October 5, 1857. 

Arranged Program of Instruction for the Artillery School 
for Practice at Fort Monroe, Va., 1859 to 18()(). 


In eomiiiaiid of the Defenses of L'liarlestou Harbor 1860 
to 1861. 

Served dnring tlie Kel)ellion of the Seceding States 1861 
to 1866. as foUows: In the Defense of Fort Snmter, S. C. 
(to which he transferred the Garrison of Fort ]Monltrie), Decem- 
ber 26, 18(50, to April 14, 1861. 

In command of Department of Kentucky May 28 to August 
15, 18()]. 

In the Department of the Cumberh\nd August 15 to Octo- 
ber 8, 1861. 

In waiting Orders 1861 to 1863. 

In command at Fort Adams, R. I., Augmst 19 to October 
27, 1863, and at New York City on the Staff of the General 
Commanding, Department of the East. 

Retired from Active Service October 29, 1863, "for dis- 
ability resulting from loug and faithful service and wounds 
and disease contracted in the line of duty." 

In the Department of the East October 27, 1863, to January 
22, 1869. 

Brevetted ^Major General U. S. Army February 3, 1865, 
for gallant and meritorious Service in the Harbor of Charleston, 
S. C., in the Defense of Fort Sumter. 

Sent by President Lincoln to Reraise the same Flag over 
Fort Sumter, April 14-, 1865, which, had been saluted with all 
honors when the Fort was evacuated in 1861. 

Proposer and Organizer of the Alumni of West Point, 1869. 

First Meeting held at College of Xew York. 

Died at Nice, France, October 27, 1871 ; aged 66 years. 

The "Guerriere" sent o\'er for his body. Received with 
Military Honors at Fortress ]\[onroe, and buried at West Point 


(leneroiis as brave 

Affection, kindness, the Small Offices 

Of love and duty, were to him as needful 

As his daily bread. 

Eliza Mackintosh (Minch Anderson married James Mars- 
land Lawton, Jiily 8, ISSi;. He died February 20, 1895. Mrs. 
Ijawton has held many social |)Ositions of imi)ortance. She was 
chairman of a ladies' committee of the New York Historical 
Society, and through this instrumentality a large sum was 
raised to advance the interests of the Society. She is vice- 
])resident of the Niobrara League for Eeligious work among 
the Indians. She was first directress of the Society of the 
Daughters of Holland, but lias resigned from that ])osition. 
She was founder and first ju'esident of the Daughters of the 
Cincinnati. For many years she has been the able and efificieut 
secretary of the Huguenot Society, and is a member of the 
Society of Colonial Dames, of the Genealogical Society, and 
directress of the Women's ^Municipal League. 

Stephen Bayard, son of Samuel and Marg-aret \"an Cort- 
landt Bayard, was l)ai)tized May ol, 1700, and died in 1757. He 
married Alida, daughter of Colonel Samuel Vetch whose wife 
^Margaret was a daughter of Robert Livingston, the first Lord of 
the Manor. Ste]ihen Bayard was mayor in 1744; member of 
council 1746-7. He was married March 12, 1725. His second 
wife was Eve Schuyler. He had many children, but onl^' three 
survived him. William, Margaret and Robert. Robert was 
known as ]\fayor Robert Bayard. He married Rebecca, daugh- 
ter of Hon. Charles Apth()i'])e, of Boston. She died Februai\v 
22, 177L aged twenty-five. 

William Bayard was born June 1, 1727. Tn 1761 he was 
member of connnittee of c()rres])ondence, member df clinmbev 
of commerce. From 17()1 to 1768 he was member of assembly. 


and was one of the contribntors to tlie society lil)rary in 1761 
Dnring the Revolution he adhered to the Royal e«nse, and his 
pioi)erty was confiscated. He went to England and died at 
Southampton, 180-1-. 

He married, June 13, 1750, Catherine, daughter of John 
M. Evers. The children who survived him were: John Bayard. 

lieutenant-colonel in British army. Alida, wife of 

Johnson. Catherine, wife of Roberts. Samuel \\'tch. 

William. Robert. ^lary. afterwards Lady Arnold. 

William Bayard, Jr., was a }>rominent merchant and mem- 
ber of the firm of Le Roy Bayard c^' Co. He was director of 
Banks of Amercia, president of Savings Bank at its beginning 
in 1819. President of Chamber of Connnerce, governor of New 
York Hosi)ital, trustee of Sailors' Snug Harbor, chaiiman of 
Greek Committee, niember of New York Society Library and 
of St. John's Society, and one of the owners of Tontine Coffee 
House. He lived at -to Wall street, but died at his residence 
in State sfveet, September 18, 182(5. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Samuel Cornell, October 4, 1783. His children were : 
Susan, wife of Woolsey Rogers. Catherine, first wife of Dun- 
can P. Campbell. ]\[aria, second wife of Duncan P. Campbell. 
William, married Catherine Hannnond, no issue. Justine, wife 
of Josejih Blackwell. Roliert. Harriet, wife of Stephen Van 

Of these children, Rol)ert Bayard was the last of the name 
in New York. He resided for a time in LeRoy, New York, 
but returned to the city where he died February 4, 1878. in his 
eighty-first year. He married Elizabeth, only child of James 
and Ruth (Hunter) McEvers. Her mother married ^\y. .McEvers 
at a very early age. Being seized with a fatal consmnption, 
she went to Europe with her hus])and, died in Rome, and was 
buried in the same cemetery where rest the remains of the i)oet 



Keats, and at the foot of the pyramid of Chains C'estins. Kohert 
Bayard left three children: William, horn Fel)ruary Ki, 18:^1, 
died May 25, 1842, without issue. Rath Hunter, horn .June 22, 
1822. married Alexander Spers Brown. Klisc Justine. l)orn 
August 16, 182o, married Fulton Cutting, whose sons, William 
Bayard Cutting and Robert Fulton Cutting, are well known 

Residence of William Bayart 

The residence of William Bayard was situated in tliat ]tor- 
tion of New York known as the village of Greenwich. Here 
he had a fine tract of three acres, fronting the river. This lie 
purchased licfore 1770. After the Revolution it was contiscatcd 
and sold to Dr. Charles ^r(d\niglit. It was i)roh;!hly purchased 
from him by William Bayard, dr.. and it was his country seat. 
It was in this liouse that Alexander Hamilton died after his 


fatal duel with Aaron Burr. In 1833 the heirs of William 
Bayard, Jr., sold the house and land to Francis B. Cutting 
for a])out $50,000. In Ai)ril, 1835, it was divided into one hun- 
dred and twenty-five lots and sold at auction for $225,000. 
Streets were extended through it and the place where the Man- 
sion stood is now 82 -lane street. A New York newsj^aper of 
1775 contains the following notice. 

"Last Sunday week, (June 10, 1775) the House of Will- 
iam Bayard, Esc]. at Greenwick, was struck by Lightning, which 
occasioned considerable damage. In several apartments large 
Pier glasses were broken, and a quantity of silver ])late con- 
tained in a chest was pierced and otherwise affected without 
doing the least injiry to the chest." 


The family of Schieffelin can be traced back to the thir- 
teenth century, w^hen it had large proi)erties in Germany, and 
founded a chapel in Nordlingen, at a place called the Wine 
^Market, in the year 12(59. There "was a branch of the family 
existing in Switzerland in the middle of the fifteenth century, 
and it has been claimed, seemingly with little authority, that 
the Swiss was the elder liranch. However this may be, Conrad, 
the son of Franz Schieffelin, of Nordlingen and Nuremburg 
(for in 11:76 the latter ke])t u]> i-esidences in both jilaces), mi- 
grated to the canton of Geneva, Switzerland, and, in considera- 
tion of his near relative, the Lord Syndic Besancon Huges, he 
was admitted to citizenship February 14, 1518, gratis, and be- 
came possessed of the Fief de la Moliere, July 6. 1527. He 
left descendants |)ron.iinent in the cantonal affairs of Switzer- 
land for several generations. In 154;) Hans Leonard Schieffelin, 
second ne])hew of Coni-ad. l)eing the son of his brother, Hans 
Leonard, also moved from Germany to Switzerland, making 
Freil)nrg his residence. .\ ])ictnre iiaintvd in 15.38 is still ex- 

Lieut. Jacob Schieffelin. Mrs, Hannah (Lawrence) Schieffelin. 


tant, rei)resenting the elder Haus Leonard Scliietfelin and his 
two sons worshiping the Paschal Lamb, which is also the 
crest of the family in this conutry. The tirst of the family to 
visit America was .lacob Schietfelin, of Weilheim an der Teclv, 
in German}'. He came in 1732. Tlie family had a dwelling in 
Weilheim, and a seat in the country, with the perpetual right 
vested in the family of sending the eldest son to the college. 
Jacob Schieffelin died 1749, and in the same year his son, also 
named Jacob, came over to Philadelphia and settled in this 
country, bringing with him his family Bible, printed in 1560, 
which is still in possession of the family. 

Jacob Schieffelin (2d) was born in 1732. He remained 
in Germany till 1749, when he came to America, and reached 
Philadelphia on the same day that his father died. He mar- 
ried, September 16, 1756, Kegina Margaretta Kraften 
Uitschaurin. Their children were: Jacob, born August 24, 
1757; Melchoir, born August 16, 1759; Jonathan, born July 
16, 1762 ; and Thomas. The father of this family was a merchant 
in Philadelphia, but was also engaged in business in Montreal. 
He died in Philadelphia in 1769. 

Jacob Schieft'elin, (3d), the oldest son, married, August 
13, 1780, Hannah, oldest daughter of John and Ann (Burling) 
Lawrence. He died at his residence in New York, April 16, 
1835. His wife survived him, dying October 3, 1838. Their 
children were: 1. Edward Lawrence, born September 13, 178 — , 
died at Lyme, Connecticut, October 5, 1850. He married, 
January 1, 1802, Susan Anna, daughter of Alexander Stewart, 
and had one child, Edward Anna, wlio married, in 1830, Frank 
Nicoll Sill, who died 1848. She then married Dr. John Noyes, 
who died 1854. After his death she married Captain S. Chad- 
wick, of Lyme, Connecticut, and died, leaving no issue. 2. 
Henry Hamilton, born June 20, 1783. (See post.) 3. Anna 


Maria, horn April 11, 1788, married, April 4, 1808, Benjamin 
Ferris. 4. Effingham, horn Fehruary 17, 171)1. He married, 
September 9, 1813, Mary, daughter of Casjier Samler, and died 
at East Chester, Jnly 14, ISiJo, leaving a son Edgar. 5. Jacob, 
born Ai)ril 20, 1793. <). Jolin Lawrence, horn February 25, 
179H; married, August 19, 1844, Alathilde Therese Bowen, and 
died at New Haven, A])i'il 22. 1866, leaving one cliild, ]\Iary 
T., wife of Henry I. Sayers, of New York. 7. Riehard Lawrence, 
born November 9, 1801. 

Henrv Hamilton Schieffelin, second son of Jacob and 

Schieffelin Coat of Arms. 

Hannah (Lawrence) Schieffelin, married, Ai)ril 19, 1*^06, ^[aria 
Theresa, daughter of Dr. Samuel Bradhurst, who died May 22, 
1872. Their children were: 1. Mary Theresa, boi-n January 
14, 1807, married in 1827, William N. Clark. 2. Henry Maun- 
sell, ])orn August 7, 1808. He married, in 1835, Sarah Louisa, 
daughter of David Wagstaff; no issue by this marriage. He 
married second, June 14, 1859, Sarah M. Kendall, of Maine. He 
died at Alexandria, Egypt, July 23, 1890. Their children were: 
Fanny, born September 16, 1860, (who married, October 12, 
1881, Ernest Howard Crosby, and has two children, Margaret 
Eleanor, born Ai)ril 25, 1884, and Maunsell Schieffelin. born 


February 14, 1887), and Marj- Bradhurst, l)orn July 18, 18(i2, 
died unmarried. 3. Samuel Bradhurst, born February 1*4, 1811. 
4. James Lawrence, born in 1813. 5. Philip, born in 1815, mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Townley Haines. He died 
about 1889, leaving one child, ^laria Theresa, whi» married 
Rev. William T. Sabine. 6. Sidney Augustus, horn in 1818, 
resided at Geneva; married Harriet Schuyler, and died in 1894, 
leaving two sons and three daughters. 7. Julia, born in 1821 ; 
married in 1840, Clement Remington. She died Septeml)er 
15, 1871. 8. Bradhurst, who was twice married, and had two 
children, Laura Gr. (who married in 1875, David Barton Cush- 
ing), and Emily. 9. Eugene, born in 1827, an artist of distinc- 
tion. He married Catharine, daughter of Valentine G. Hall. 
Jacob Schieffelin, fourth son of Jacob and Hannah (Ijaw- 
rence) Schieffelin, removed to Tioga county, Pennsylvania, 
about 1830. He married Elizabeth Chapman, and died Decem- 
ber 27, 1880. His widow died January 27, 1881, aged eighty- 
four. Tlieii- children were: 1. Clinton, horn Febi'uary 16, 1823. 
2. Alfred, born September 23, 1827. ."!. Elizabeth, born May 23, 
1829. 4. Laura, born Sei)tember 2, 1831, married O. B. Lowell, 
died Septemlier 18, 1866. 5. Cornelia, born February 4, 1834. 
6. Jacob B., born March 25, died July 7, 1836. 7. Edward 
Girard (his twin brother), l)orn ^larcli 25, 18;i(). 8. Jacob. 
Jr., l)orn Ajiril 18, 1838. He married, February 1, 186(i, Emily 
T. Ryan (born July 23, 1843), and had four children: Lila 
Gertrude, born Noveml)er 11, 1868; Edward Effingham, born 
Septeml)er 21, 1872; Thomas Lawrence, born July 31, 1874, and 
Jay Hoyt, born April 22, 1876. 9. Hannah Lawrence, born 
March 6, 1840. 

Clinton Lawrence Schieffelin, the oldest son of the above 
family, settled in Oregon. In 1880 he i-emoved to East Los An- 
geles, California, where lie died, April 15, 1884. He had wife 


Jane, and cliildren, Lafayette, died 3'oimg; Edward L., born 
October 8, 1847, the discoverer of the mines at Tombstone, 
Arizona; Albert Engene, l)orn Angnst 27, 1849; Jane Elizabeth, 
born September 2, 1851 ; Effingham L., born November 5, 1857 ; 
Charlotte, born November 27, 1859, married Edward Dnnham; 
Kichard Charles, born April 2(3, 1862; Jacob, died young; 
Theodore, born October (i, 18(57, died Se})tember 17, 1881 ; Jay 
L., born July 11, 1870. 

Richard Lawrence Schieffelin, youngest son of Jacob and 
Hannah (Lawrence) Schieffelin, married, August 3, 1833, Mar- 
garet Helen, daughter of Captain George Knox McKay, United 
States Artillery. He died November 21, 1889. Their children 
were: 1. Sarah Sophia, born June 22, 1834, married, January 
30, 1858, Rev. Cuthbert (.'ollingwood Barclay, Rector of All 
Saints Church, New York (who died February 7, 1863). She 
died without issue, March 5, 1886. 2. George Richard, born 
July 27, 1836. (See post.) 3. Helen Margaret, l)orn May 7, 
1841, married, June 21, 18()9, AVilliam Irving (Iraham, and has 
two children, Helen M. and Julia Irving. 'Sir. Graham died 
August 21, 1871. His widow married, April 7, 1875, Alexander 
Robei't Chisolm, and had one son, Richard Schieffelin Chisolm. 

George Richard SchielTelin, the only son of Richard Law- 
rence and Margaret Helen (McKay) Schieffelin, married. May 
19, 1866, Julia Matilda, daughter of Honorable Isaac C. Dela- 
]>laine. Their children are: 1. Julia Florence, married. December 
4, 1888, Josepli Brnce Ismay, of Liverpool, now president of the 
International Mercantile Marine Company. Their children: ^^lar- 
garet Bruce, Thomas Bruce, Evehoi Constance and George 
Bruce. 2. Mai'garet Helen, married, December 10, 1890, Henry 
Gratf Trevor. Their children: George Schieffelin, Margaret 
Estelle, Louisa Stephanie, Henry Graff and Helen Lispenard 
Stewart. 3. Matilda Constance, man-ied, January 13, 1900, 

Richard Lawrence Schieffelin. 

George R. Sehieffelin. 


Charles Bower Tsinay. 4. Sarali Dorothy. 5. George Richard 
Delaplaine. He married, Ai)ril 5, 1904, Louisa, daughter of 
Charles Scrilmer. Tliey have ojie child, George McKay. 

• Sacol) Scliieft'eUn (."id) at the age of seventeen aeconii)anied 
his fatlier to Alontreal, and remained there for awhile in a 
mercantile house. Shortly after he went to Detroit and engaged 
in business. At the conunencement of the American Revolu- 
tion he received a commission as first lieutenant in a company 
raised in Detroit, and was ))art of an exjiedition organized by 
Governor Henry Hamilton for the })urpose of ])roceeding down 
the valley of the Mississi])])i to attack New Orleans, then under 
Spanish conti-ol, England being at that time at war with Spain. 
The ex]iedition reached and caiitured Fort St. Vincent (now 
Vincenues, Indiana). After holding this ])lace for some time, 
they were in turn attacked and defeated by a force organized 
in Virginia, and led by Colonel George Rogei-s Clark. The en- 
tire garrison was ca]itured, including Governor Hamilton and 
Lieutenant Schieffelin. and were taken as jjrisoners of war to 
Williamsburg, X^irginia. The greater i)art were i-eleased on 
parole, but Lieutenant Schieftelin, with sonu^ others, refusing. 
were i)laced in close continement. He, with a fellow offii-er, nnm- 
aged to escai^e, and reached Cliesa])eake Bay. Finding an ojien 
boat they reached the sea and were i)icked u]» by a \-essel As 
they spoke the French language fluently, they had no difticult)' 
in ])assing themselves olf for shipwrecked French sailors, and 
were landed in New York. Lieutenant Schieft'elin at once called 
upon Sir Henry Clinton, the conunauder of the I5i-itish forces, 
who was then residing at No. 1 Broadway, and narrated hi.s 
adventures and stated his ])osition. General Clinton relieved 
his immediate wants by iiaying him one hundred guineas, and 
also reapjiointed him as an officer in a regiment called "Amer- 
ican Royalists," which he was then organizing. In this, as in 


many other cases, Venus baffled the jilans of Mars. The young 
lieutenant had fallen in love with Hannah Lawrence, the daugh- 
ter of a prominent Quaker merchant, wlio, true to the prin- 
ciples of her sect, refused to marry unless he resigned from 
the army. This he promptly did, and they were married by the 
chaplain of the fort, and the marriage was registered in Trin- 
ity Church. This was also contrary to Quaker discipline, and 
the young l)ride was i)romiitly "read out" of the Friends Aleet- 
ing, but between the ])arents of the bride and the new son-in- 
law there was ever the kindest of feelings. Almost immedi- 
ately after the marriage, the young couple embarked on board 
a small sailing vessel bound for Quebec, and a full account of 
the temi)estuous voyage of several weeks is very graphically 
narrated in a journal kejit by the young wife, and which is one 
of the treasured heirlooms of her descendants. From Quebec 
they went to Niagara and Detroit, a long and tedious as well as 
dangerous journey of two months, which can now be made in 
twelve hours. He was ai)iiointed secretary of the Province of 
Detroit, and also engaged in business and purchased several 
tracts of land which may be seen on old maps of that city. He 
also ]mrchased from the Indians a large tract, seven miles 
square, ojiposite Detroit. The deed, with the marks of the 
Indian vSachems, is still ])reserved, but as the grant was never 
confirmed by the British government it failed to be of any 
benefit to the purchaser or his descendants. After remaining 
there some years he returned to Montreal, where he engaged 
in business as an auctioneer, and remained until 1794, when he 
return,ed to New York, and with his bi'other-in-law, John B. 
r.,awrence, founded the firm of Scliiefl'elin l^- (*(nn]>any, which 
still exists in well merited ]n'os])erity. On February 1, 1797, 
he leased from William Walton the famous Walton mansion at 
No. W'Hi Peai'l street. This was on.e of the finest houses in the 


city, and the annual rent was "£400 New York Currency," or 
$1,000. There was a clause in the lease which provides that 
"if the said William should be married and desire the use of 
the house" the lease should cease. This contingency evidently 
occurred, for Mr. Schieffelin relinquished i)Ossession. He then 
leased from the heirs of Dr. Gerard William Beeckman the 
house on the up})er corner of Pearl street and Sloat Lane (now 
Hanover street), and liere liis youngest child, Richard Law- 
rence Schieffelin, was horn in 180L While living in this house 
he had as a near neighbor the famous General Moreau, their 
ecjual altility to converse in the French language being a bond 
of union between them. ^h'. Schieffelin purchased for a coun- 
try seat a large tract of land on the Hudson river and extend- 
ing east to the old Post road. His house stood in the middle 
of the l)lock, lietween what is now Amsterdam and Eleventh 
avenues, and at 14ord and 142nd streets. The eastern part of tlie 
tract he sold to General Alexander Hamilton, a name famous 
in our nation's history, and ui)on it was erected the noted 
Hamilton Grange, which still stands, an interesting relic of the 
past. The negotiations for the sale and purchase, in the hand- 
writing of Hamilton, are still ])reserved, and a foe simili^ is here 
given. In 1801) Mr. Schieffelin, with his brothers-in-law, .lolin 
B. Lawrence and Thomas Buckley, i)urchased several tracts 
and laid out the village of Manhattanville. A ma]) was made, 
but that was comi)letely superseded by the general map oi the 
city. Of the oiiginal sti'eets only two (Lawrence and ^lan- 
hattan streets) yet remain. Schieft'elin street, with the others. 
have disappeared. To his country seat at 143d street. ^Ir. 
Schieft'elin gave the name of "Rocca Hall." During the latter 
part of his life he lived at Xo. 107 East Broadway, and he 
died there April 19, 1835, leaving wh«t was then considered a 
large fortune. His remains rest in a vault at St. ]\Iary's I'hurch. 


which he founded in 1823, the church edifice, which is situated 
on Lawrence street, liaving been erected in 1832. 

His son, Henry Hamilton Schiet^elin, was a man who had 
a knowledge of almost every science and art, and was also a 
linguist of distinguished ability. He seems to have been one 
who, if he had concentrated his abilities and mental power upon 
one object, would have made his name famous. He graduated 
from C'oluml)ia College in 1802, made an extended tour in Eu- 
rop.e, and was present at the coronation of the Emi)eror Napo- 
leon. He studied law, but soon abandoned the profession for 
mercantile imrsuits. The i)lace of business of the firm, estab- 
lished by his father and continued by him, was on John street, 
opposite Cliff street, and the buildings yet remain. He died 
about 1865. His youngest son, Eugene, died in August, 190(5. 

Richard Lawrence Schieffelin, the youngest child of Jacob, 
graduated from Columliia College in 1818, and at the time of 
his deatli was the sole survivor of his class. He studied law 
with his l)rother-in-law, Benjamin Ferris, who was a noted 
lawyer in his time. They formed a partnerslii]i, from which 
Mr. Schieffelin retired in 1843. In 1815 he was president of 
the Board of Aldermen. He was esjieeially interested in the 
state militia and held a commission as Brigadier-General. He 
was connected with many organizations of a business and char- 
itable nature. For many years he was Senior Wai"den of St. 
Mary's Churcli, and was for sixty-six years a representative in 
the Diocesan (\)nvention, and was one of the vestrymen of St. 
Thomas Church. He possessed great literary ability, and was 
a frecjuent contributor to newsjiapers upon the current cpies- 
tions and topics of the day. His country seat was at what is 
now 92nd street, on tlie Hudson river. This region was at that 
time as much "countrv" as can be found now one hundred 


]in]es from New York. His city residence was No. 18 East 
22nd street, and lie died there November 21, 1889. 

George Richard Schieffelin, only son of Richard Lawrence, 
gradnated from CVilnmbia (V)llege in the class of 1855. He 
studied law with Augustus Schell, a noted lawyer and i)oli- 
tician, and at one time Collector of the Port of New York. He 
remained in this office three years, and since then has been 
engaged in legal practice on his own account. He is one of 
the original members of the Society of Colonial Wars, and is 
a member of the Society of War of 1812, Corres]ionding Secre- 
tary of the New Y'ork Historical Society, ^lember of the Colo- 
nial Order, Senior Warden of St. Mary's Church, and Presi- 
dent of the Parochial Fund of the New Y'ork Diocese. 

Mr. Schieffelin may be said to lie one of the founders of 
the village of the "New Southampton," Long Island. In 18s;(> 
he went there with William H. Schieffelin and Colonel Siebert, 
having very little ])revious knowledge of the jilace now so popu- 
lar. He was so favorably impressed with the locality that he 
and his friends ])urchased land and erected large and elegant 
mansions the same year. Mr. Schieffelin still makes this his 
summer residence, and is one of the founders of the Village 
Improvement Society, of which he has been ])resident, then a 
vestryman of St. Andrew's Dune Church, ])resident of the 
Southampton Club, and one of the best known as well as useful 
memliers of the city colony. 

To one of the members of this honored family a more than 
passing notice should be given. Edward Lawrence Scliieffelin 
was one of the most venturesome of men, and a most determined 
explorer. He was one of the first com]'.any to ascend and ex- 
plore the Y'ukon river, in Alaska. While in Arizona he started 
on a i^rospecting journey in search of gold. The country was 
swarming with hostile Indians, and his departure was accom- 


pauied "with tlie t'oiiifurting assurance of his comrades lel't 
behind, that he would "fiud his touibstoue, " hut notliing more. 
His search, however, was rewarded i)y the discovery of the 
richest mines in the country, to which, in recollection of the fate 
jjredicted, he named "Tombstone," a name now famous. He 
was a })erfect s})ecimen of physical manhood, six feet four inches 
in height, and with long locks that tiowed upon his shoulders. 
He died some years ago, but the fame of his discovery still 

The Arms of the Schieffelin family are thus described : 

Tierce per fess sable and or, on three piles, two conjoined 
with one between transposed inveeted. 

Counter charged as many cross crosslets of the tirst. 

Crest, a holy lamb passant, crowned with a glory, bearing 
cross staff and pennon proper. 

Motto. Per tideni et constantiam. 

Sanmel Bradhurst Schieft'elin, son of Henry Hamilton 
Schieffelin, was born February 24, 1811. He married, in 1835, 
Lucretia Hazzard. Their children were: William Henry, born 
1835. Alice Holmes, born 1838, married, in 1858, Eussell Steb- 
bins. ^lary Theresa Bradhurst, born 1840, married, 1863, Gen- 
eral Charles Cleveland Dodge. 

Sanmel Bradhurst Schieft'elin was the author of several 
well known works: "Foundations of History," an illustrated 
volume on the early history of the world, also "Alilk for Babes," 
and other catechisms and religious manuals. 

William Henry Sehietfelin married, 1863, Mary, daughter 
of Hon. John Jay, a representative of a most honored and 
distinguished family. Their children are: Eleanor eJay, Will- 
iam Jay, Samuel Bradhurst, John Jay and Geoffrey. The 
three last died in early years. 

AVilliam Jay Schiett'elin was born in 18()(), married, Feb- 





ruary 5, 1891, Maria Louisa, daughter of Colonel Elliot F. and 
Margaret (Vanderl)ilt) Shepard. Their children are: William 
Jay, Jr., Margaret Louise, Mary Jay, John Jay, Louise Van- 
uerl>ilt. Bayard, Elliott and Barbara. 

Eleanor Jay Schiett'elin married Theodore Munger Taft 
in 1903. 

In 1794 New York City was not yet a place to boast of. 
On all the east side, which was the most thickly settled portion, 
there was but one store built of brick; this was on the corner 
of Front street and Gouverneur Lane. The City Hotel in 
Broadway was in i)rocess of erection on the spot where had 
stood the mansion of James De Lancey, who had been lieutenant- 
governor in Colonial days, and where the Boreel building stood, 
which has t)een taken down recently. In the same year the 
noble steeple was being added to St. Paul's Church, which had 
been erected in 1765. South street did not then exist, and al- 
most all the shipping lay at the docks on the East river between 
the Battery and Peck Slip, for the North river front was con- 
sidered too much exposed. The whole number of vessels tliat 
cleared the port during that year was 2,389. There were fevr 
houses north of Grand street. 

In 1798 the yellow fever carried off 2,760 victims, and the 
])opulation of the city was reduced to 15,300 persons. The place 
of business of Jacob Schieffelin and his father-in-law, John 
Lawrence, was at 195 Pearl street, nearly opposite the Fiy 
market at the foot of Maiden Lane. Of the two ])artners Jacob 
Schieffelin was the more prominent, for he had seen more of 
the world. He engaged in the shipping business, and his first 
venture in 1795 cleared him what was then a fortune of ^|;25,000. 
Sul)setpient events, well known to history, made slii|)ping a 
precarious Imsiness, and Mr. Schieffelin went on with the drug 
business, in his own name, which has continued without inter- 



ruption until the iiresent tinio, and it> centeiinial annivei'sary 
was duly eeleln-ated in 1S94. 

In 1800 the population of the city was about 60,000, and the 
cost of city government was $130,000. Stages, the only means of 
eonmiunit'ation, ran to Albany, Boston and Pliiladeli)liia. To 
send a letter for any distance less than forty miles cost eight 
cents, and for any distance over five hundred miles the postage 
was twenty-five cents. In politics Jefferson and Aaron Burr 
were the most ]ii-ominent. Five years later, the business having 


1 HECo-P. 

f^l) (Ly by mutual agre 

arc indcbied to the concera, ate rt 
tiiorucd ta Ttccivc aij dcbti ihzl a 

of the ffiofe o( Dt 

of LAWRENCE & SCHIEFFELfV. Diu«,ni. cCii^,^ 
perfc»uha..n,-- -•^ -' - • '!'•-•.. 

Dtuip and NI 

17. d.fTolvcs 
nd thofe who 

New. York. OaoUi 1 8. 



Ho. 195, PtarLStrrtt, niOT Ou Fly.Ma'ktU ml funijr frcm ihr larver ; htc 


!n addition 10 the formet Sloek oti hand, 11 now tepleniOied by an e«enfive and JeneiaJa(Tortmenl of renuine ]f 
DRUGS and MEDICINES frotn Europe, and (old as ufual. Whclefale >tnd Reti). on the lo.cfl term? to, C 
cafl), cooju/y produce, of credit, by 


\Vh> hnth purthascd hu Parlntr'i Sftart in the mui Slcn. 

rapidly increased, Jacob Schieffelin took as a partnci- his son, 
Henry Hamilton Schieffelin. under the firm name of Jacoli 
Scliieffelin & Son. The business became very heavy for those 
days. They had several buildings filled with drugs and other 
goods, besides the one they occu])ied at 193 Pearl street. The 
newsjiapers of the time showed that they advertised exten- 
sively. Their business was not confined to drugs, and they also 
offered for sale "Muscovado Sugars," coffee, cotton, and among 
other tilings apjieared "300 l)arrels of gim ])owder, 400 casks 
of brimstone and 100 barrels dou])le refined salt petre." These 
were very large (|uantities in those days. 


Tn 1807 came tlie greatest wonder of the age. Tlie steam- 
boat "Clermont" made her iirst ti'i]), and after that it was 
])ossible to he al)le to start for Albany on ^fonday and he back 
on Friday, which seemed little short of a miracle. The com- 
merce of the United States had mnch to contend witli. England, 
with its orders in conncil, France with her Berlin decrees, 
and the I'ii'ates of the Mediterranean, all contended to cri])i)l6 
the hnsiness, and last of all came the war of 1812. From all 
of these the firm of Schioffelin & Son suffered damage, two of 
tlieir ships having lieen seized hy order of Na]^oleon and an- 
other l)y the Englisli. For the former tliey recovered iT^lO.OOO 
and that was all. Fn 1811 the senior ]oartner retired, and the 
business, rapidly increasing, was carried on by Henry H. 
Schieffelin and his hrothers, Efifingham and Jacol) H., uiider the 
name of H. H. Schieffelin & romi)any. Under this name it con- 
tinned until 1849. After the war of 1812 the business of the 
country rapidly increased. In 1814 the revenue was $4,415,000. 
The next year it had risen to $37,695,625. 

In 1816 ocean steamships ran to England. The era of 
cheap daily newspjajiei's soon came. In the great panic of 1837 
only the strongest Inisiness houses survived, and among these 
was that of H. H. Schieffelin & Company. The building of the 
Erie canal in 1825 rendered the "Western Country" tributary 
to New York. The business of the firm had outgrown its ])lace, 
and the firm removed to Alaiden Lane. Theii- (|uarters there 
proved too small, and in 1841 the firm was established at 104-106 
.John street. It had not only withstood the ])anic, but the Inisi- 
ness had materially increased. In 1848 it absorlied the exten- 
sive business of Hoadley Phelps & Compiany and i)ui'chased 
their entire stock, in 1849 Henry II. Schieffelin I'etireil from 
business, having l)een foi- forty years a ]iartner. and for thirty- 
five vears the head of the firm, lie was rhe first vice-presi- 


dent of the College of Pharmacy in 1825-30, and was president 
in 1861. The business was continued nnder most favorable 
circumstances by his four sons, Sanuiel Bradlmrst, Sidney 
Augustus, James Lawrence and Bradlmrst Schieffelin, and 
under the name of ScliieiTelin Brothers tV: C'omiiany continued 
for sixteen years. 

Facilities for rapid comnmnication had so increased that 
it was no longer necessary for customers from distant parts 
to make their semi-annual visits to New York; they could send 
their orders by mail or telegraph with assurance of quick re- 
turns. The year 18ti5 completed the firm's existence under the 
name of Schieffelin Brothers & Company. Of these Samuel 
B. Schieft'elin had the chief direction of alfairs, and to his 
energy its success had been largely due. Advantage had been 
taken of all the improved facilities of modern times, and the 
effort was soon a])parent. In 1853 Aslier B. Kandolph, and in 
1855 John I). Dix became members of the firm. In 1854 the 
increase of the business rendered removal again necessary, and 
a iai'ge structure, to afford ample acconnuodation, was erected 
at 170-172 William street, at the corner of Beekman. It is 
of In'ick, six stories in height, with basement, siib cellar and fire 
proof vaults. ri)on removal to this edifice, a department ex- 
clusively for druggists' sundries, shop ware tfc^c. was organized, 
and the subsequent growth of the business has abundantly 
justified this step, which the finn was the first to take. In 1859 
William H. Schieffelin (son of Samuel ?>.), William A. (Jellatly 
and Jose])li H. Westerfield were adnutted to ])artnershi]). 

An instance of the enterinise and intelligence of this firm 
is shown l)y tlie ja-omptness with which it emlu'aced the opi)ortn- 
nity of establishing a new line. When i)etroleum was discovered 
an office was at once established at Titusville, Pennsylvania, 
and the firm was the first to bring petroleum to New York 


as au article of cDininerce. Like most other business finiis, 
this also siifi'ered from tlie outbreak of the Civil \\i\\\ but new- 
avenues of trade were ((uiekly opened, which more than com- 
])ensated for the losses sustained. hi 1S(;2 William Henry 
Seliieffelin, son of Samuel B. Schieffelin, went to the front with 
tke Seventh Kegiment and afterwards l)e('anie major in the 
First New York Mounted Ritles, taking- part in the Peninsular 
cami^aign. In 1H()5 the four brothers retired and tlu' style be- 
came William H. Schieffelin & Coni])any, the partners being 
William H. Schieffelin, William A. Gellatly, Joseph H. Wester- 
tield and William X. Clark, the last being a grandson of Henry 
H. Schieffein. and in turn has l)een succeeded by his son, Henry 
Schieffelin Clark. In 1875 the firm purchased and absorbed 
the business of A. B. Sands & Company. In 1880 William S. 
Mersereai; and William L. Brower became partners, and in 
1890 William Jay Schieffelin and Henry Schieffelin Clark were 
admitted to ])artnershi]i. The former, in 1887, graduated in 
chemistry at the School of ]\Iines, Columbia College, and con- 
tinued the study of this science under Professor Baeyer at the 
University of ^Munich, where in 1889 he received the degree 
of Doctor of PhiIoso])liy. 

In 1882, for the proper manufacture of its chemical and 
])harmaceutieal ])repai'ations, the firm erected one of the best 
api)ointed laboratories in the country with apparatus and ma- 
chinery, some of which is the invention of members of the firm. 
This firm introduced to physicians the German synthetic 
remedies and phenacetine, salol, sulfonal and aristol. 

In 1898 three members of the firm served as officers in the 
S])anish war. Schuyler Schieffelin, in the staff of General 
Greene, taking ]^art in the capture of Manila: William Jay 
Schietl'elin, on the staff of General Hains, taking ]tart in the 
capture of Guayama, Porto Rico; and H. Schieffelin Clai-k who 


served as lieutenant-eolone! of the Two Hundred and Third 
Xew York Infantry. In 1!»();! the Inisiness was incorporated 
witli ^^'illianl X. ('lark as jn-esident. In 1906 he retired and 
was succeeded l)y AVilliam Jay Schieffelin. 

Thus the business as orig-inally established by Effingham 
Lawrence in 1781. Init i)urchased by Jaeoli Schieffelin in 179-4, 
and carried on liy him at first in limited ([uarters on Pearl 
street, after many changes in personal, yet always under the 
name of Schieffelin, and always with members descended in a 
direct line from the founder, still exists after more than a 
century, with greater facilities for its work, and with a well 
established reputation for honesty and enter^jrise. 


The name of Bogart is connected with our earliest history. 
]n its Latinized form of "Bogardus" it was the name of one 
of the first and most famous of the ministers of the Dutch 
church in New Amsterdam. In its original form it has been 
from great antitpiity very common in Holland. 

Jan Bogart, called Jan Lowwe (a contraction of Lowens), 
was the Amercian ancestor. He was a native of Sclioender- 
waert, and a son of Louens C'ornelisen Bog-art. With 
his wife, Cornelia Everts, he sailed from Amsterdam, April 
Ki, 1 ()()."), in the shi]) "Brindled Cow." Their first ])lace 
of residence in the new world was at Bedford, Long 
Lsland, but they afterwards removed to Harlem. They had 
among other children a son Claas (Nicholas). He married 
(first) Van Schaich, June 28, 1695; (second) Margaret 
Conselyea, widow of John \''an Tilbury, February 23, 1707. She 
died September 20, 1742. By the first marriage there wei'e 
four children, and nine by the second. The second child by 
■ he first marriage was Cornelis Bogart, baptized .January 14, 


1700. He married Cornelia \"an Dnyn, daughter of Cornelis 
Van Dnyn, May 1, 1720. He died A])ril 19, 1793, leaving seven 
children. Cornells Bogart was a citizen of re]nite and respect- 
ability. His residence for long years was the northwest corner 
of Broadway and Lil>erty street, which descended to his heirs. 

Xicliolas (". Bogart, youngest child of CorneJis Bogart. 
l>orn in 17o4, died in 1793. He married Anne, daughter of 
Myndert Schuyler, a rei;resentative of an ancient and honored 
family, and at one time mayor of Albany. Her mother was 
Elizabeth Wessels, of an equally ancient race. They were mar- 
ried November 6, 1766. By this marriage there were two chil- 
dren : Captain Cornelius Bogart, born 1768, died unmarried 
in 1821; and Rev. David Schuyler Bogart, liorn in 1770. 

Nicholas C. Bogart was a shipping merchant and had ex- 
tensive business with foreign ]iorts. He inherited from his 
father the ancestral homestead at Broadway and Liberty street. 
His widow died at Southami)ton, Long Island, while on a visit 
to her son, who was then the ])astor of the church in that village. 
His son Cornelius was a captain of an artillery comjiany in his 
early manhood, and made his home with his brother the great- 
er part of his life. He was known as a gentleman of good 
attainments, and very pleasing and courteous in his manners. 

Rev. David Schuyler Bogart, son of Nicholas C. Bogart. 
was born in New York, January 12, 1770. He entei'ed Columbia 
College at an early age and graduated in 1790. He was a 
zealous and indefatigable student, and received the highest 
honors. His researches in the various dei)artments of science 
and literature seemed to be stimulated and invigoi-ated, not so 
much by the ordinary ambition of treasuring up the ample 
stores of knowledge, as l)v a remarkable and untiring concen- 
tration of his faculties to the sim])le discovery and ac(]uisition 
of truth. "While distinguished for his attainments in other 


brandies of leaniing-, his greatest eiiiployinent consisted in in- 
vestigating the doctrines of C'hi-istian faitli. He became an 
expert Greek sehohir, and tlie New Testament in the original 
was as familiar to him as the transhition. 

Immediately after his gradnation he commenced tlie study 
of t]ieoh)gy witli IJcv. Dr. Livingston, an<l was licensed to ])reach 
by the synod of the Reformed Dutch ("Imivh. His tirst sermon 



■^c^U S, Bojx^r-^^- ti^^^<^ B'f^ 

was preached in the Xoi'th Dutch Church in New York, October 
14, 171)2, from the text "Say ye to the righteous that it shall 
be well with him." He subseciuently i)reached in the other 
ehurelies of that denomination. During tlie first four years of 
nis ministry, he jtreached in other cities and in many country 
churches, with general and increasing popularity. Tn the fall 
of 17i)5 he received a call to the Presbyterian church in South- 
amjitoii. Long Tshmd. The congregation was divided, and much 
dissention existed in relation to the "llall'wav Covenant" which 


had caiised the resignation of the former })astor, Kev. Mr. 
Daggett. The call was accepted, and on May 20, 1796, he re- 
moved with his family to Soiithami)ton. Before many months 
had elapsed, he received a call from the First Preshyterian 
C'hnrch in Albany, and went there in Jannary. IT!)". After 
})reaching for several months, his health l)ecame impaired, and 
having I'eceived a second call to Sonthampton, he retnrned 
and was ordained as minister of that church in the fall of 1798. 
A revival of religion followed, and the number of communicants 
was doubled in three months, and for sixteen years he labored 
there with success. 

In 1813 he received a call to the Reformed Dutch Churches 
at Success, and Oyster Bay, on Long Island. Accei)ting this 
invitation, he went to the new tield of labor. The two churches 
were fourteen miles apart, and he i)reaclied to each alternately 
for thirteen years. This ardous duty ca;ised his resignation, 
and he returned to Xew York in 1826, and preached there and 
in various places. su{)plying vacancies. Infirmities graduall>' 
increased upon him, and he died on Wednesday morning. July 
10, 1839. He left behind him the well earned reputation of an 
eloquent, faithful and successful minister of the gos]iel. His 
reward is on high. His vast fund of information made him 
ready for any occasion. It is characteristic of the man. tint 
he frequently went into his pulpit without any idea what his 
sermon was to he imtil he o])ened the Bible and selected a text. 
This was told us by an aged man in Southamiiton to whom Mi'. 
Bogart made the statement. 

Rev. David S. Bogart married, April 29. 1792. Elizabeth, 
daughter of Jonas Piatt, of Sraithtown, Long Island. Her 
mother was a direct descendant of Richard Smith, the ])atentec' 
and founder of Smithtcnvn. Their children were: Ann. born 
:\[ay 25. 1794, died 1834; Elizabeth, born Decemlier 8, 1795, 


died May 12, 1879; David Schuyler, bom 1798, died 1849; Will- 
iam Henry, born 1800, died numarried, 1839; Eugene, born 
April, 180;), died 1847; Alwyn, born December 8, 1805, died 
February 7, 1860; Alexander .1., born April, 1808, died 1870; 
Orlando M., born December, 1810. 

Ann Bogart, the oldest child, married Charles De Bost. of 
Lyons, France, in 1817. Their children were: 1. Charles, born 
Aug-ust 5, 1826, died May 25, 1895. He married Margaret A. 
Williams, June 1, 1859, and had children: Charles, born ^rarch 
17, 1860; Estelle, born December 4, 1862, married Joseph Dowd, 
January 7, 1903; and Helen X., born July 19, 1866. 2. David 
Schuyler, died unmarried, aged thirty-three. 3. Augustus 
Brunei, born March 16, 1830, died in Los Angeles, California, 
:\[arch 10, 1905. He married Mary Ludlow Walker, March 1(5. 
1859, and had four children: Leon Depeyre, born February 1, 
1860; ]\Iarie Louise, born February 12, 1861; Alwyn Bogart, 
born October 8, 1863; and Richard Walker, born May 6, 1866. 
4. Leon Depeyre, born September 24, 1832, died February 11. 
1898. He mari-ied T^ouise Ludlam, daughter of Silas and Eliz- 
abeth Clem Ludlam, December 8, 1862. Their children are 
Augi;stus Brunei, l)oni Se])temlier 20, 1864, died May 28. 1905; 
William Ludlam, born Aj)ril 24, bS70; Lcmis Leon, !)orn August 
6, 1872; and Anita Ludlam, tiorn December 31, 1877, died July 
30, 1901. 5. Marie Louise, married Bufus Sanger, and hail 
six children. 

William L. De Bost married Clarice r^ndlaui, Xovember 
4. 1897. She was l)()rn June (i, 1872, and was daughter of George 
P. and Annie Kennedy [^udlam. They had two children: Clar- 
isse Spencer De Bost, born April 12. 1899; and Anita Ludlam 
De Bost, bora Ai)ril 24, 1903. The Ludlam family are descend- 
ed fioiii Williaiii, Luitlaii! who was an earlv settler in South- 


ampton, Long Island. His will, dated 1664, is the first record- 
ed in the New York surrogate's office. 

At a very earij' age the children of Charles De Bost were 
])laeed nnder the care of their grandfather, Rev. David S. 
Bogart. They were sent to Southampton, Long Island, which 
was then a qniet country village, were brought \\\) in reputal)l(' 
families and enjoyed the advantages of an excellent Academic 
education. They were a part of the village life and a vei'\' 
active part; and in all fun, frolic and mischief as well, the "De 
Bost boys" were first and foremost. Excellent and well be- 
haved scholars, ready and willing to earn an honest dollar by 
]iel])ing the farmers in the harvest field, and equally ready and 
capable of "manning oars" in a whale boat, they wei'e the life 
of the village. The money thus earned was generally invested 
in powder and shot, for out of school hours they were inde- 
fatigable sportsmen, and many a wild duck and wild goose were 
the trophies of their unerring aim. 

After their school days were ended, and they returni'd to 
the city to enter upon the practical duties of life, every sum- 
mer found them returning like swallows to their old nesting- 
place, and none were more popular than they. Leon Depeyre 
De Bost was in reality the fomider of the "Xew Southampton." 
It was his influence and extended acquaintance that brought men 
of wealth to the place, and he lived to see it transformed 
from one of the most ((uiet of country villages to a famous and 
fashionable resort. 


Among the families who settled in Xew Amsterdam none 
was more famous than the one founded by Frederick Flypsen, 
and from the day vrhen he arrived friendless and ol)scure. 
to the time when his descendant embarked on boai'd the l:>ritisli 



fleet after tlie Revolution, to leave the country and never to 
return, tlie family was identified with the highest offices in the 
C'olony, and its members were distinguished not only for wealth 
but for a])ility. Vrederiek or Frederick Fly))sen was according 
to one account a native of Bolswaert in Friesland, where he 
was born in 1626. There is evidence that his ancestry were 
among the n()l)ilitv of Bohemia, but a claim to a higher nobilitv 

IrebemkJ^htlipsfEs 5rr 

than kings can bestow is found in the fact that they were among 
the friends and supijorters of the Reformed Religion and ad- 
herents of tlie renowned John Huss and Jerome of Prague, and 
shared in enduring the i)ersecutions wliicli liave made their 
names illustrious as chamiiions of religious freedom. 

From their adherence to the cause of the Reformation the 
family were comiielled to flee from Bohemia and they found, 
as did thousands of others, a refuge of jieace and security in 


Holland. A uuimiscrijit statement written l»y Julm Jay and 
wortliy of tlie resjiect dn(> to anything' emanating from the 
lionored cliief jnstice is antlioi-ity fov the statement that the 
fonnder of this family was liorn in ]>oheniia. His mother, be- 
ing a wi(h)W, was ('omjtelled to flee with hei- cliildi-en to TToUand 
with wh'it little ]:)ro])erty they eonld save from the wreck of 
tlieir estate, and tliis little, not i)ermitting lier to ])rovide for 
her son Fi'ederiek, slie honml him to a ear]ienter and he heeame 
an excellent workman. The tradition of the family is that he 
came to Xew Amsterdam with Peter Stnyvesant, and if this 
be true he must have arrived in 1647. The surest proof of the 
nohijity of ancestry is the fact that although he came to this 
country witlnnit any of the ad\'antages of fortune he was re- 
cognized as the social equal of the highest dignitaries of the 
Colony, and the favor and assistance lie received from them 
were doubtless the means which in the end made him the richest 
man of his day. 

Among the early settlers was Adol})h Hardenbrook, who 
came from Holland and settled in Bergen. Among other chil- 
dren he had a daughter INfai'garet, who married Pieter Eudolp- 
hus De Vries, a mercliant of Xew Amsterdam, in 1659. They 
had one daughter who was bai)tized with the name of ^Faria, 
October o, 1660. Pieter Rudol])hus He \"ries died in 1661, leav- 
ing a considerable estate which descended to his widow and 
child. Tn October, 1(562, bans of man-iage l)etween Fi'ederiek 
Philipse and Margaret Hardenbrook were pul)lished. By an 
antenuptial agreement Frederick Phili])se agreed to ado])t tlu- 
child and leave her one-h.alf of his estate unless he had children 
of his own, in which case he would give her an eipial share with 
them. Although her name at baptism is given as ^[aria, it is 
possible that her name may have been changed at the time of 


adoption, at all events it is certain tliat she ever hore the name 
of Eva Philipse and is thns named in her adopted father's will. 

By his marriage Frederick Phili])se became entitled to a 
commnnity of property with his wife, bnt she did not relinqnish 
the sole management of her estate, for which she seemed well 
fitted by nature. On the contrary she conducted tlie business 
of lier late husliand, and fretjuently made voyages to Holland 
in her own shi])s and acting as her own super cargo. 

AVlien the two Labadist missionaries came to New York in 
1679, they stated that they sailed "In the small Flute ship 
called the Charles, of which Thomas Singleton was master, 
but the superior authority over botli ship and cargo was in 
Margaret Flii)se, who was the owner of both, and with whom 
we agreed for our passage from Amsterdam to New York in 
New Netherlands, at seventy-five Guilders for each person." 
By his own exertions and liis wife's energy and thrift Fred- 
erick Philipse soon liecame one of the richest men of the Colony. 
In 1679 his property was valued at 80,000 guilders, the highest 
amount owned by any one person, and that was small in compari- 
son to the wealth he afterward accumulated. After the death of 
his wife, whicli occurred in 1690, his business enterprises became 
still more extended. He was one of the most extensive tra- 
ders with the Five Nations of Indians at Albany, sent shi|)S 
both to the East and West Indies, imported slaves from Africa, 
and his enemies did not hesitate to charge him with increasing 
his gains by dealings with the i)irates at Madagascar. 

In official and ]wlitical offices he was no less prominent 
than in his connnercial affairs, and by his intimate connections 
witli the governors he obtained advantages not enjoyed by 
othei's. He was member of council with all the governors from 
Edmond Andross to the Earl of Bellemont, a period of twenty 
vears. "Wliile at first he resisted the authority of Jacob Leisler, 


he afterwards recognized him as governor dc facto. He was 
in high favor witli Governor Slaughter and his successor, (iov- 
ernor Fletcher, by whose favor he and his son Adoli)hus olitained 
large grants of land. In 1698 he resigned his seat in the council, 
giving as a reason his advanced age, Init possibly to escape re- 
moval, which seemed probable upon tlie accession of Earl Belle- 
mont as governor. 

In 1()92 Mr. Phili]jse married Catherine, daughter of Oloff 
Stevense Van Cortlandt, (the ancestor of a famous family) and 
widow of John Dervall. There were no children by the second 
marriage. The notice of his death is thus recorded liy his widow 
in the family Bible. "Anno 1702. the 6th of November, Satur- 
day night at 10 o'clock my husband Frederick Philipse died and 
lies Iraried in the Church Yard in the Manor named Philijis- 
burgh." Thus passed away a man who was during his long 
Hfe one of the most prominent personages of his time. He 
had five children: Eva, the adopted daughter, married Jacobus 
Van Cortlandt. Philij), born in 1663, and baptized Marcli 18, 
1669. Adol])li, baptized November 15, 1665. Anatje (oi" Anna), 
baptized November 27, 16(>7, married Phili}) French. Humbert, 
who died in infancy. 

Philip Philipse, the eldest son, was a youth of delicate 
constitution, and was sent by his father to Barbadoes to look 
after a plantation. While there he married, in 1697, ^laria 
Sparks, daughter of the governor of the island. His wife died 
soon after the birth of their only child Frederick, October 17, 
1698. Her husband did not long survive, but died in 1700. 

The ancestor of this family was the first of the settlers 
from Holland to adopt a family name. According to Dutch 
usage his son. Pliili|) would be known as "Philip Frederick- 
sen," and his son Frederick in turn would be "Frederick Philip- 
sen," and so on. It shows the intelligence of the founder of 


the family tliat he accepted the new order of things, and not tlie 
least, was to establish Philipse as a family name. In his 
native hind lie was Vredrick the son of Flyj), or Philip. The 
name of Frederick Philipse mnst ever be connected with the 
great [Manor of Philipsbnrgh, one of the most important por- 
tions of the Province of New York. This ])rincipality consisted 
originially of three parts. The first extended from Harlem 
river along the Hudson to a point above \'()nkers, and was 
patented l)y (iovernor XicoUs to Hugh O'Xeil, (October 8, 
1666, and by various deeds became finally vested in Frederick 
Pliilil)se. The remainder, which is by far the hirgest part, was 
purchased from the Indians by authority of later governors 
and confirmed by a ijatent from Governor Dougan, granted 
December '2'.], 1684, and another in 1687. Of this part one-half 
had been granted to his son. Philip Philipse, but as he died be- 
fore his father, the whole fell to Frederick Philipse. All of 
these various imrchases were confirmed in one ])atent granted 
by Governor Benjamin Fletcher, dune 12, Ki^.'!. 

The whole Manor extended north to a i)oint two miles 
from the mouth of Croton river, and was bounded Ity a vacant 
piece of land which lay to the south of the Manor of Cortlandt, 
and which was afterwards known as "the West Patent of 
North Castle." This north line ran in a diagonal line to the 
head of Bronx river. The eastern boundary was the said river. 
The whole [Manor was about eighteen miles long, with an av- 
erage l)readth of four or five miles. When Lord Cnrnbury 
became governor, and was anxious to throw discredit upon his 
predecessor, he mentioned this i^atent as being "Twenty miles 
S(piare, " a grossly exaggerated statement, for which there was 
no excuse. 

The original will of Frederick Philijjse is now in the i>os- 
session of his descendants. In it he bequeaths his m)u1 "into ye 


merciful hands of ye Infinate God," and directs liis body to be 
buried "at my Burial Place at ye Ui)per ]\Iills." This is the 
famous Sleepy Hollow Cemetery at Tarrytown. His son Philip 
being dead, his heir-at-law was his grandson, Frederick Philipse, 
to whom he left the south part of his Manor, and the greater 
part of his estate. This included his residence in Xew York, 
which was the north corner of Stone street and Broadway, and 
lots on Broad street. Also two houses and lots No. 65-67 Stone 
street "near ye Old Stadt House," also Kings Bridge with the 
land adjoining. The personal property of negroes and cattle 
with ships and other things was very large. To his son Adolph 
he left the north part of the Manor, (which eventually, upon his 
dying intestate, reverted to his nephew Frederick) also a house 
and lot on Stone street east of his own. Also the house and lot 
No. 62 Pearl sti'eet, in which Adolj^h Philipse lived and died. 
Also a house and lot on the south corner of Stone street and 
Broadway, and a store house and lot fronting on Broad street 
and extending to Xew street. In addition to this he had four- 
teen slaves, and a half of the cattle and horses and one-half 
of the rest of personal estate and "a large boat called ye Unity." 
To his daughter, Eva Van Cortlandt, he left a house and lot 
at the corner of Coenties Sli]) and Pearl street, and extending 
to the river, also a lot on Xew street, also one-fourth of personal 
projierty. To his daughter Anatje. wife of Phili]) French, he 
left a house and lot whei'e they lived, (this is next east of the 
famous Fraunces Tavern, Pearl street) and a warehouse 
and a lot on Xew street, also an estate in Bergen county, Xew 
Jersey, and a large amount of land in Ulster county, and a 
house and lot on Broadway, afU'r his wife's decease. For his 
wife he had made libei'al provision, at the time of their marriage, 
and she also had the use of his dwelling house, and another on 
Broadway and fifty pounds a year. 


Adolph Philipse died unmarried and intestate in January, 
1719. and all of his estate went to his elder lirother's son Fred- 
erick, as heir-at-law. He was not only a wealthy iiierchant, hut 
held high official jjosition, l)eing a niemljer of council from 1704 
to 1721. In 1718 he was one of the commissioners to settle the 
houndary between New York and ( V:)nnecticut. He was for 
many years memlier of assembly. Sevei-al times he was elected 
speaker and held that position continuously from 1739 to 1745. 
John Jay said of him. "He was a man of superior talent, 
well educated, sedate, liii>hly respected and popular. Except 
that he was ])enui-ious, I have heard nothing to his disad- 
vantage." His portrait is among the family relics in pos- 
session of the Philipse family, and among the accounts of Joseph 
Eeade, the administrator of his estate, is the following item, 
"Jan. 25, 1749 To the Picture of Mr. Adolph Philipse, £6." 

Frederick I'hilipse the new ]>ord of the >Janor, was born 
in Barbadoes. in 1698, and when four years of age came to 
New York. He entered u})on life with all the advantages that 
wealth and high position could bestow, and he soon became one 
of the most distingaiished citizens of the Province. For long 
years he was member of assembly, and speaker from 1721 to 
1728. In 173'] he was baron of the exclie(pier, and he held the 
office of third judge of the su])reme court till the time of his 
death, and as Lord of the Manor of Pliilipsburgli he held the 
highest rank among the landed gentry of the i)eriod. He mar- 
ried Johanna, youngest daughter of Governor Anthony Brock- 
halst, and they were the parents of five children. Frederick, 
bom in New Yoi-k. Philip. l)a])tized 1727. Susannah, born Sep- 
tember 27, 1727. Mai-y. born July 5, 17.')(t. Mai'garet, died in 
lier seventeenth year. 

Mrs. Johanna Philipse was killed hy a fall fi-om Iict- car- 
I'iage on the Highland estate, and her hushand died duly 2(), 


1751, at the age of tift\-tliree, and like his fatlier. was Iniried 
at the old Dutch Chui-cli of Tai-rytown on his Manor of Phili])s- 
hurgh, which his father had huilt. The newsi)apers of the time 
mention him as "a gentleman eonsi)icuous for an ahniKhmt 
fortune, lint it was not his wealth that estal)lished his merit, 
))ut his indulgence aiid tenderness to his tenants, his moi'e tlian 
parent affection for his children, and his incessant liherality 
to the indigent, these ])roeured him more unfeigned regard than 
t-an be purchased with opulence or gained by interest." 

In addition to his gi-cat Manor of Philiiisburgh lu^ in- 
herited from his imcle, Adolph Philipse, a very large estate 
called the Highland Patent, which includes almost the whole 
of Putnam County. This was imrchased from the Indians Ijy 
Adol]»li Phili|)se. and a patent was granted by Govei-nor Ben- 
jamin Fletcher, June 17. 1(J!)7. 

In his will Frederick l'liili])se left to his eldest son. Fred- 
erick, all the Afano]- of Pliili])sburgli and the bridge called Kings- 
bi-idge "with the tolls." also the houses and lots No. 6o-()5 Stone 
street, and the family mansion at the corner of Broadway. To 
his wife he left an annuity of Um, and he left £400 for build- 
ing an I^]nscoi)al cliuicli a.t Yonkers, and a farm near by "as 
a (rlebc for said chui-ch." To his daughter Susannah, who mar- 
ried Colonel Beverley Kobinson. he left a dwelling house next 
to his own. To his daughter ^lary, who man-ied Colonel Roger 
Morris, he left the house and lot on the south corner of Bi'oad- 
way and Stone street. To his son Philip he left "my dwelling 
house where my uncle Adolph Philipse lived and dyed in," at 
No. 62 Pearl street. To his youngest daughter Margaret was 
left a house and lot now No. 21 Broadway. The great estate, 
known as the Highland Patent, was left to his son Philip and 
his three daughters. Upon the death of the youngest daughter. 
Margaret, her share went to the rest. To each of his younger 



children lie left i;:^()<)(), anil each oi" the uniiiarried daughters 
was to have "as good an outsett in ch)thing, plate and kitchen 
and household fui'nitnre as my eldest daughter Susannah has 
received from nie." 

Frederick Philipse, the eldest son, was the last Lord of 
the Manor of I'hili|ishui'gh. He was a man of (juiet manners 

Mary Philipse. 

and indisjjosed to exertion. He was colonel of the militia and 
member of the Provincial Assembly. At the time of the Revoh;- 
tion he adhered to the Royal canse, but was not hostile to the new 
government, and was jiermitted to live in (juiet neutrality in 
Connecticut. In an evil hour he was induced to go to Xew 
York, then occupied by the British, and very im))rudently 
neglected all warnings to return. After the war his vast estate 
was confiscated, and sold in small farms to the former tenants 


who thus became landlords, and lie liimself banished from his 
native land, where his ancestors had been so distingnished, went 
to England and died at Chester, Ai)ril iJO, ]7S5, at the age of 
sixty-five years. A marble tablet in the Cathedral bears witness 
to his many virtues. In the great painting by Benjamin West. 
"Britania receiving the Loyalist Exiles," the ])ortrait of Fred- 
erick Philipse holds a i)rominent position. His descendants 
are still living in England. 

Frederick Philipse, Last Lord of tlie ;Maiior. 

Philip Philii)se, who with his sisters inherited the High- 
land Patent, was born in 1727. He married ^largaret, daughter 
of Nathaniel Marston, and their children wei-e: Adoljih, born 
August 17. 1745. Frederick, born May :]. 175."). Xathaniel. 
born August 5, 1756. The father of this family died at an early 
age, May 9, 1768, and was buried in the vault of Xathaniel 
Marston in Trinity Church. His widow man-ied Hev. John 
Ogilvie, D. D., assistant minister of Trinity Clunx'h, April 15. 


]7()0. He died Xovemlier 26, 1774. She .survived him mauy 
years and died February 11, 3807. 

Nathaniel Philipse, the yonng'est son, was a graduate of 
King's College, 1773. On August 28, 1776, he received a com- 
mission as ensign, signed by Sir William Howe, in the Seven- 
teenth Regiment. He was killed at the battle of Germantown, 
October 4, 1777. As he left no will liis share of the estate 
went to his oldest brother Adoljih, who died June 2, 1785, un- 
married, leaving his estate to his brother Frederick during 
his life and then to his daughter Mary. The Highland Patent 
was divided in 1754, and after the Revolution the shares of 
Susannah Robinson and her sister, Mary Morris, were con- 
fiscated and sold and the shares of the children of Philip alone 
remained of the vast estate once owned by the Philipse family. 

Frederick Phili]ise, the only surviving child, married his 
cousin, Mary ]\[arston, daughter of Xathaniel ^farston and 
Anna, daughter of Jacobus Van Cortlandt. She had one sister. 
I-^rances, who married Rev. Charles Mongan, afterwards War- 
burton, Bishoi) of Limerick. By this marriage there was one 
child, ]\Iary Philipse, born October 14, 1779. Her mother died, 
and Ml'. Philipse married ^laria Kemble, who left no children. 
Mary Philijise married Sanniel Gouverneur, about 1801, and 
bei- lather died ^lay ;>, 1829, leaving his daughter his sole heir. 
Her children were Frederick Philipse, born duly 5, 1804. 
Adol])hus Xathaniel, born September 29, 1805. Samuel M. W.. 
who died unmarried, 187(i. ^largaret Philii^se, married Will- 
iam Moore. Mary Marston. (See sketch of (louverneur family.) 

I^y act of legislature A])ril 7, 1830, the name of Freder- 
ick P. (lOuverneur was changed to Frederick Philipse. He mar- 
ried C^atherine Wadswortb Post, and died October 2(i, 1874. 
having two dauglitevs Catherine Wadswoi'th Philipse and ^lar- 


(l604 — 1674) 


g'aret Gouverneiir Pliilipse the sole snvvivors of the aucient 

Among' the relies of the past are portraits of Ahraham 
Gouverneiir and his wife Mary, daugliter of the famous and ill 
fated Jacob Leisler. Nathaniel Marston and his wife Mary, 
daughter of John and Elizalieth Crooke. Mary Philijjse, as 
she was in the hlooni of her early beauty. Her sister Margaret 
in girlhood. Adolph Philipse, Pliili}) Philipse and Mrs. Mar- 
garet Ogilvie. Ju the New York Historical Society are por- 
traits, not positively identified, but believed to be Frederick 
Philipse, the second Lord of the Manor of Philipsburgh, and 
his son Frederick, the Last Lord, who died in exile and Sus- 
annah, wife of Colonel Beverly Robinson. The small portrait 
given in this sketch of the Last Lord of the Manor is from a 
photograph of a i)ortrait owned by his descendants in England. 
The silver communion service presented to the church at Tarry- 
town by its founder, Frederick Philipse, still remains an in- 
teresting relic of the past. 


The name of this family, 2)lainly of French origin, denotes 
the military commander of a town or fortress. The ancestor 
of the family is Nicholas Pierre Gouverneur, a native of France 
and probably from the town of Jonaye in Brittany. He had 
served as Captain of Horse under Henry of Navarre, and after 
the death of the great leader of the Huguenots he sought re- 
fuge in Delft, Flanders and afterwards in Amsterdam. While 
in Delft he received from the Prince of Orange a grant of arms 
which, from the peculiar charges, sliowed that he had distin- 
guished himself in the defense of some fortified town or castle. 
There is strong evidence to show that lie married a sister of 
Abraham Cuyler, of Amsterdam, a well-to-do merchant, whose 



son Heiidrick came to Albany in 1664, and in 1675 gave a power 
of attorney to his brother Keinier in Amsterdam to receive 
some property from Peter Nicholas (Tcuvernenr who seems to 
have been the execntor of his brotlier-in-hiw, Abraham Cuyler. 
This Peter Xicliolas Gonvernenr was tlie father of Nicholas 
Pierre, the American ancestor, who was l)orn abont 1685. In 
KioO he went to the Island of Curacoa, in the interest of his 


maternal grandfather, who had a business established on the 
island and both the Gonvernenrs and the Cuylers kept np a 
connection with the island till after the Revolntion. In the 
sjjring of 1663 Mr. (xonverneur came to New Amsterdam, and 
became connected with the Dutch Church, July 9, 1663. In 
August, 1664, he appears in Albany as attorney for Cornelius 
Steenwyck. In 1670 he married ^lacliteldt De Reimer, daugh- 
ter of Isaac and Elizabeth (Greverait) De Reimer. After the 
death of Isaac De Reimer, his widow married Elbert Elbertsen, 


and after his decease she married Hev. Samuel Drissius. Both 
she and her hrother, Isaac (Jreverait, were eliildri'ii of Metje 
Jans, whose sister, Tryntie, was the mother of thi' famous 
Anneke Jans. Their motlier was living in Bridge street in KiSli; 
Mrs. Elizabeth Drissins hy her will, proved Januai'y '17). KiHIJ left 
property to her grandsons, Al)raliam and Isaac (icnivernenr, 
and in 1675 Rev. Samnel Drissins conveyed some land to 
Nicholas Gonvernenr, his "ste]) son in law." Nicholas <Ji)uver- 
neur died in the sjjring of 1682, and his widow married Jasjier 
Nissejiot, Septeml)er 14, 1685. They had a daughter Elizahetli, 
who married Samuel Farmer, and had two sons, Sanniel and 
Jasper. The latter had In- a first marriage two sons, Peter and 
Jasper. He married for his second wife Maria (or ^lai'y), 
daughter of Abraham Gonvernenr and his wife Mary ^lilbourn, 
wlio was the daughter of the famous but ill fated Jacob Leisler. 

Tlie old Gonvernenr family Bible says "Tn the year of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, 1721, on the 27 of Seiitember on Wednesday 
at 11 o'cloc, in the evening, died ye mother, aged 77 years, 8 
months and 9 days, and was buried in Our Church." This 
refers to ^lachteldt, the widow of Nicholas Gonvernenr, then the 
wife of Jasper Nissepot. The children of Nicholas Gonvernenr 
were Abraham and Isaac. 

Abraham Gonvernenr received his earliest education in 
Holland, where he had gone with his mother, 1nit after his re- 
turn he was a scholar in the school of the Dutch church, the 
schoolmaster being Jac(jb (Joelet. Tn 1687 he was clerk in the 
otfice of the secretary of the colony, and in 1688 was town clerk 
of New York. AVhen Jaeol) Leisler assumed power in 1689 he 
formed a Council of Safety, and made young (bniverneur its 
clerk. After the downfall of Leisler, Abraham Gouverneuf 
was one of the six (besides Leisler and his son-in-law, .lacob 
Milbonrue) who were sentenced to be executed. By the favor of 


tlie new governor, the six in;"lnding (xDnveiiieur, were rei)rievecl. 
Xotwitlistanding- lie with the othei-s liad given his parole not 
to leave the Province, he resolved to escape. He took passage 
in a vessel honnd for Boston. The vessel was wi-ecked off Nan- 
tucket, and all l»nt {iouvernenr ]ierished. Reaching shore he 
procured a boat and finally arrived in Boston, and wrote to 
his parents, under date of October 12, l(i92, announcing the 
loss of all his eai'thly ])ossessions, inchiding liis clothing. He 
then sailed for London and arrived in 1()9;>, where h'^ was joined 
by Jacob Leisler, Jr., who had escaped to Holland. It was 
three years befoi'e they could obtain a hearing from the govern- 
ment, but eventually the attainder of Leisler was reversed, his 
estate restored to his family, and his com])anions in the as- 
sumed government were freed from danger. The tardy 
atonement alas, could not restore the lives of Leisler and ^lil- 
boume, who had been most barbarously executed. Young 
Gouverneur thus went to his relatives in Holland, and returned 
to Xew York in l(i9S, and was made a freeman of the city. In 
1699 he was a Member of the Assembly, and was the ablest of 
the Leislerian party. In 1701 he was speaker, and the same year 
was made recorder of Xew York and served with great ability- 
until 1705. In 1702 he was one of the commissioners to settle 
the accounts of Robert Livingston. He became the owner of 
large tracts of land in Harlem and in Kings county. From 
1705 to 1712 he resided in "Brookland, " and was one of the 
board of ruling elders of the classis. 

Mr. Gouverneur married, May 16. 1699, ]\[aria, daughter 
of Jacob and Elsie Leisler, and widow of Jacob ^lilliourne. 
Their children were: 1. Jacoba, l)orn 1701, died without issue, 
17S1. 2. Elizal)eth. l)orn 1701. died 1751. 8. .Jacob, born 1710, 
died young. 4. ]\Iaria, l)orn 1712. She married Henry Meyers. 
Jr., and had one son, who died in infancy. Her husband died 


in 1740, and she married Jasper Farmer, who died in June, 
1758. She survived liini many years, and died in August, 1790, 
and was the last ])erson in New York buried after the ancient 
Dutch custojn, an account of wliich is given in tliis work. 5. 
Nicholas, wlio was made freeman in 1728. He married Ger- 
trude, daughter of Barent and Hester Eeynolds (his cousin). 
He died March 20, \1?>'^. His widow married David William 
Frovoost. Nicholas Gouverneur left an only son, Aliraham, 
horn in 1730. He was a farmer and miller in Bergen, New 
Jersey, and died unmarried ahout 1770. In addition to the 
ahove named children, there were several who died in infancy, 
and the elder line of the family is extinct. 

Isaac Gouverneur, son of Abraham, was born in the Cingle 
(now Wall street) near the Koenings Valy (now Pearl street), 
in 1673. He went with his mother to Holland and returned in 
1682. Like his brother, he studied in the school of the Dutch 
Church under Jacob Goelet. In 1698 he was made freeman 
and licensed as merchant and trader. In 1700 he was ensign 
in the company of Captain Lewis, in Colonel Abraham De 
Peyster's regiment. He was the owner of much property in 
Harlem and in New York, and also on the Island of Curacoa. 

Isaac Gouverneui' married, June 24. 1704. Sarah, daughter 
of Dr. Samuel Staats. Their children were: Johanna, wife of 
Cornelius Low, Jr., ^Nlagdalena, married John Hall. ^largaret. 
died unmarried in 1758. Alida, wife of Judge John I'ldughton. 
Nicholas, born August 7, 1713, died September 15, 17S6. Sarah. 
born October 14, 1714, married Hon. Lewis ]^rorris. of ^torris- 
ania, November 3, 1746. She died January 14, 178(i. Gertrude, 
wife of David Ogden. Sanmel, born February 24. 1720. died 
September 12. 1798. Isaac, born October 3. 1721, dieil without 
issue, September 24, 1794. 

Nicholas Gouverneur, born August 7, 1713, entered very 

Vol. I— 11 


early into husinoss life, and was execntor of his uncle, Al)raliam 
Gouvernenr. Aliout 1710 he went to Curacoa and remained 
there till 1752. In 1771 he was commissioner of the loan office. 
During the Revolution he sympathized with the Loyalists, and 
lived in retirement on a small farm at Mount Pleasant on the 
west bank of the Passaic river near Newark, and died there 
in 1787. He married (first) Maria, daughter of Herman and 
^laria (Van Dam) Weelen. (Second) Sarah, daughter of John 
and Maria (Cuyler) Crieger. (Third) ^[ary, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and ]\[ary (Troup) Johnson. The children of Nicholas 
Gouvernenr, all by his first marriage, were: Johanna. Ger- 
trude, born 1744, married Captain Anthon}'' A. Entgers. After 
his death she married Dr. William Burnet. Herman, born 1746, 
died 1774. Isaac. 

Herman Gou^■erneur married his cousin Mary, daughter 
of Hon. John Broughton. They had two children: Mary, who 
died mimarried. Alida, born 1772, who married her cousin, 
Isaac (louverneur, in 1794. After the death of Herman Gouver- 
nenr, his widow married Gilbert Robertson, British Consul. 

Samuel Gouvernenr, son of Isaac, born Fel)ruary 21, 1720, 
married Experience Johnson, 1748. Their children were Isaac, 
born 1749, died 1800. ^Margaret, married Lewis Ogden. Nicho- 
las, born 1753, died 1802. Mary, wife of Rev. t'zal Ogden. An- 
thony, born 1757, died 1795. Catherine, wife of Charles Ogden. 
Gertrude, wife of Peter Kemble. Rebecca, wife of Caiitain 
Thomas Bibby. Sarah, married Major Samuel Reading. Sam- 
uel, born 1771, died 1847. Joseph. 

Nicholas Gouvernenr, son of Samuel, ])orn 175."), married 
Hester, daughter of Lawrence and Hannah (Asi)inwall) Kort- 
right, February 25, 1790. (Her sister Eliza married President 
Janu^s ^lonroe, Fel)ruary 16, 178(5). She was born 1770, and 
died 1842. Their children were: Emilv, wife of Robert Tillot- 


sen. Isaac. Samuel Lawrence, born 1795, died 1866. Nicholas, 
died without issue. Louisa A., wife of Daniel J. Ver Planck. 
Maria C, wife of General Thomas Cadwalader. 

Samuel Lawrence Gouverneur, born 1795, married, 1820, 
Maria, youngest daughter of President James ^fonroe. She 
died in 1851, and he then married ]\[ary Lee. His children by 
first wife were: James Monroe, who died childless. Elizabeth 
K., married (first) Dr. Heniy L. Heishell ; (second) James M. 
Bibby; (third) Colonel G. D. Sparrier. She had among other 
children a son, James ^lonroe TTeishell, who has son, Monroe 
Fairfax, now living in Washington, and has taken the name of 
Gouverneur, and is the only man of the name now living. Samuel 
Lawrence Gouverneur was for some years postmaster of New 
York. At his residence, at the corner of Prince and Marion 
street, President James Monroe died. 

Samuel Gouverneur, son of Samuel, son of Isaac, born 1771, 
died January 28, 1847, aged seventy-six years. He married 
Mary, only child of Frederick Philipse, of Putnam county, New 
York, June 18, 1801. She survived her husband a year and 
died December 4, 1848. A ]iortion of the ancestral estate still 
remains in the family. Their children were: Frederick, born 
July 5, 1804, died October 26, 1874. By act of legislature he 
took the name of Frederick Philipse. Adolphus Nathaniel, 
born Sei)tem])er 29, 1805. Samuel ^longan AVarburton, born 
Septemlier 9, 1807, died unmarried December 18, 1876. Mar- 
garet Philii>se, l)orn June 10, 1809, married William ^Moore, 
and died January 11, 1892. leaving no children. Mary Marston, 
born August 2, 1811, died unmarried June 25, 1893. 

Frederick (Gouverneur) Philijise, the eldest son, married 
Catharine Wadsworth Post, July 1, 1857. She was born Janu- 
ary 11, 1827, died June 18, 1869. Their children are: ]\Iary 
Philipse, born ^May 4, 1858, died January 6, 1862. Frederick 

lU GENEALOGICAL AND FAMILY HISTORY, boru January 9, 1860, died Marcli 5, 1860. Catlierine 
Wadswortli, born September 18, 1861. Margaret Oonvernenr 
Pliilipse, born June 27, 1864. A portion of the original estate 
in Pntnam county is still in possession of the family. 

Adolphus Xathaniel (louvernenr, was educated at Colnmbia 
College, graduating in 1833. He married Elizabeth, widow of 
Adolphus Gill. He died January 28, 1853, leaving one daugh- 
ter Mary Phili])se, who married John H. Iselin. After liis de- 
cease she married Doctor Francis Le Roy Satterlee. The chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Iselin are: John Henry Gouverneur, Mary 
Ethel, wife of Frederick Goodridge, Warburton Gouverneur, 
and Margaret Marston. John H. G. Iselin married Caroline 
Lydia Goodridge, May 21, 1899. Warburton Gouverneur Iselin 
took the name of Warburton (Jouverneur. He died unmarried 
December 28, 1906. 

About the middle of the eighteenth century Nicholas and 
Isaac Gouverneur purchased from the Walton family a wide 
lot on the north side of Water street. They also purchased a 
water lot of equal width, extending to the river. Through that 
lot was laid out the street called (rouverneur's Lane. Upon 
a part of that lot, then No. 27 Front street, was the house of 
Isaac Gouverneur, and op]iosite at No. 26 was his store. In 
later years he ])urcliased a lot on the west corner of Pearl street 
and "Sloat Lane," (now Hanover street), and made it his 
residence. His grandson, Isaac Gouverneur, the third, built 
a more elegant residence upon the same site. After the Revolu- 
tion Nicholas Gouverneur ])urchased a great many lots on the 
De Lancy farms which had been confiscated. Through these 
lots Gouverneur street was laid out in 1798. Large tracts of 
land in the western ]iart of the state were also purchased and 
u])on them is the town of Gouvermnir. (Jouverneur Hosi)ital. 
an institution which has done so mucli to relieve human suffer- 

Waiijiirron Goiiverneiir. 


ing, also i>eriietnates tlie name, wliich although extinct as re- 
gards the family, still has an honored and honorable memory. 

Among the descendants of this family one deserves a 
special mentioii. Hon. Le^Yis ^Morris, of ^lorrisania, married 
one of the daughters of Dr. Samuel Staats, and had a large 
family of children. Her sister Sarah married Isaac (rouverneur, 
and among other children had a daughter Sarah, who became 
the second wife of Hon. Lewis Morris, being the niece of his 
former wife. This marriage excited the seltish wrath of his 
children, and to this he makes pointed allusion in his will. The 
(Hily child by his second mni'riage was Gouverneur ^lorris. "a 
name famed in his country's annals." 


Colonel Eoger ^Morris, whose residence, l)etter known in late 
years as the "Jumel ^lansion," is the last I'elic on Manhattan 
Island of Colonial homes, was a descendant of Cadigan, of Phil- 
ip Horddw, a ]»owerful AVelsh chieftain in high favor with the 
Duke of Argyle and Ear! of Pembroke. Plis father, Roger ^lor- 
ris, married Alary, daughter of Si\- Peter Jackson, a Turkey 
merchant of London. He died .hnuiary IM, 174S. His third son 
was Colonel Roger Alorris, born January 2S, 1727, entered the 
army and rose to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. He was en- 
gaged and was wounded in the battle of Monongahela, in which 
(xenei'al Braddock was killed. Aftoi- the war he settled in Xew 
"^^nk. and was a member of the Council till the time of the Rev- 
olution. On Jnnnary P>, 17r)S. he mari'ied the famous beauty, 
.Mar)- Miilip-e. (hniulitcr of Erederick Philijise, the Lord of the 
Manor of Philipsbnrgh, the marriage being ceU'brated in gi'eat 
state at the Manor House at Vonkers. It was about this time 
that he pui'chased lands at Ilarlejn and erected the mansion 
which still remains. 


During the war both Colonel Morris and his brother-in-law, 
Colono! Beverly IJoliliisoii. wei-e offit^ers in the British army and 
took an active part in the ett'orts to subdue the colonies. When 
the revolution was ended, CV)h)nel ^lorris and his wife were 
among those included in the bill of attainder, their property was 
confiscated, and themselves banished from the country. They 
went to Enelaiid and resided at Cliester. Tn the cathedral of that 
city is a tablet with the folloAving inscription: 

Xear this spot are deposited the remains of 

(V)l. Roger ^lorris, 

Formerly of TTis ]\rajesty's 47th Begiment of Foot, 

Who de])arted this Life on the lotli day of September, 1794, in 

the fiSth vear of his Age. 

And of 

INTary jloi'ris 

Edict of the same, 

AVho (le})arted this Fife on the F'-^th day of July, 1825, in the 

71st year of her age. 

<'olonel Alorris left cliildren : Joana, wife of Thomas Fow- 
])er Hindis; Amherst, who died unmarried, in 1S02; ^laria and 
Heiiry Gage. 

TIenry Ciage ^NFoi'ris A^as l)orn in New York. 1770, and at- 
tained the rank of rear admiral in the British navy. In 1805 he 
married a daughter of Eev. F. Orjien. Their children were: 
Rev. Francis Orpen ^Forris. rector of Burholme. Yorkshire; 
Henry Gage Morris, an officer in the navy; Frederick Philijise 
^Nforris, barrister of Lincoln Tun; Beverly Robinson ^[orris, ]\r. 
D., of Xottingham; Rev. Adolph Philipse ^lorris, of Leeds; and 
Charles D'I'rban ^Eorris. 

Professor Charles D'Frban ^lorris was born at Chermouth, 
Dorset, Febrnai'y 17. 1827. He was educated at Oxford, and ob- 
tained the degree of B. A in 1849; and in 1852 was Master of 
Arts and Fellow of Oriel. He came to America in 1853, and was 



made rector of Trinity Scliool, and was afterwards master of a 
school at Moliegan. Westohestei' county, and later was professor 
in the University of Xew York. In ISTH he was chosen professor 
of Latin and (ireek in Joluis ?iOpkins Tniversity, lialtimore, and 
remained in that position till the tinu' of his (U'atli, wliicli oc- 
curred February 7, 188(), and was huricd in St. Paul's chui-ch- 
vard. He married Jane We1)h Shaw, dnuiihtcr of Oliver Sliaw, 

of P]-ovidence. Ehode Island, hut left no children. He was the 
only descendant of Colonel "Roger ^Morris, who lived in this conn- 
try. Professo)' Morris was the author of a Tjatin Grammar of 
Attic Greek. In these works he expounded his own iieculiar 
views in regard to the study of these languases. 

The city residence of Colonel Koger Morris and his wife 
was the south corner of ^Vhitehall and Stone streets. This was 
given to ^Frs. Morris hv her father. Frederick Philipse. About 
the time when he niirried Mar\ Philii)se, Colonel Morris pur- 


chased a tract of land at Harlem and on it he erected the man- 
sion which now remains, the last relic of the elegant homestead 
of Colonial days. This tract was bounded east by Harlem river, 
and west by the Kingsbridge road, or Albany Post road, and it 
extended from what is now One Hundred and Fifty-ninth street 
to One linndred and Seventy-fifth street. The mansion stood at 
the south end of the tract. The whole was sold by the connnis- 
sioners of forfeitures to John Berrian and Isaac Ledyard, July 
9. 1784. The price was £2,L'50 or $5,625. It was sim])ly described 
as containing- one hundi-ed and fifteen acres. 

William Kenyon purchased a large tract of land adjoining, 
which extended to the Hudson river, and sold the whole to Leon- 
ard Parkinson in ]79f) for £3.0(j(), and he sold it to Stephen Ju- 
mel, April 28. 1810, for $10,000. Since then this famous place 
has been kno^\Ti as the "Juniel Mansion," and the "Jumel 
Farm." Stephen Jumel was a wealthy merchant from France, 
and married Filiza Brt)wn, April 9, 1804. By this marriage he 
was joined to a Avomnn whose ]ti-ide, ambition and determination 
have seldom found their e(|nal. It is with her name rather than 
her husband's that it has l)een famed in modern times. Under 
her directions the house was furnished most magnificently, and 
it became one of the centers of social life. 

During his lifetime Stephen Jumel by various deeds settled 
the pro]jei-ty u|)on his wife, and she l)ecame the sole owner. The 
death of Air, Jumel wa< under peculiar circumstances. One day 
he went cait riding in an ojien wagon, sitting upon a stool made 
from a "Windsor cliair with the back sawed off. The di-iver was 
inex]ierienced. and b\ accident Air. Jumel was thrown out. strik- 
ing heavi!\ upon his breast. He wa^ conveyed to his liDuie, and 
several physicians were called, who, according to the custom in 
those days, {u-oceeded to bleed him. He lingered for ten or 
twelve davs, and died Mav 22. 18;j2. His heirs-at-law were a 



brotluM- and sistei' residing in France. Stei)lien Jumel had been 
dead scarcely a >ear when a new actor a])j)eared upon the scene 
in the form of Aaron Bun-, Es(|.. "Attorney and C'onnseUor at 
Law." who e^'i(h-ntly with an eye to tlie fortnne of ]\Iadame Ju- 
mel, conmie'jced a matrimonial suit for heart and hand. With 
that jtersnasive ]iower which had made him victor in so many 

r{i)g>M' .Morris [Mansion (.Jumel Mansion). 

love affairs, he gained a half-hearted consent, and with an assur- 
ance so chai'acteristic of the man, he informed her of his inten- 
tion to 1)e married on a certain day. On that day he appeared, 
l)ringing with him Rev. David Schuyler Bogart, and the widow 
was mai'ried in spite of herself. Burr soon found tliat he liad 
met his match in more senses than one. and that there was a 
temper and will oiiposed to him that were more than eipuil to liis 
own. This ill stai'red union was not of long continuance. A 


si'-ee'ly sei)ai atii)ii was followcil by a suit fi>i' divorce, ciun- 
iiu-nced hy the wife, but never i)r()se('uted. ^ladanie Juuiel lived 
iii the iirv.ision in state and grandenr for nearly foi-ty years, and 
died at an advanced age. July 1(1, ISfi."). Slie left two nephews 
and two nieces who were her heirs-at-law, who sold all their 
rii.',hl and tit'e in the estate to Nelson ('ha<e. July 2i», l<S(i5. Then 
turned a seiie-; ef lawsuits that lasted for twenty years, and 
"The Juiiie! case'' i ■- famous in the law courts. 

.Mary Juniel C hase. tlie wife of Xelson (drise, liad hy a for- 
mer husband, a chihh Eliza Jumel Pei'y, and by her second hns- 
l)and. a child, ^Villiam Tuiili- ("hn-e. Tliese childreii were lirought 
up in t'le family of }ila(hnne dumel, as her intt'nded heirs by 
adoption, and they were with Nelson Chase, the defendants in the 
various law snits. It was first alleged that ^Madame Jumel left a 
will, by which she becjueathed almost all her estate to various lie- 
nevolent societies. This was set aside by the courts. The most 
important suit was commenced by one (ieoi-ge ^V. Bowen, who 
claimed to lie an illegitimate son of ?^!adame Jumel. This suit 
v.-ent to the snin-enie cnui't of the I'nited States, and his claim 
wa.r; di-nii-scd. It is <;\\.\ that "it is a wise child that knows iis 
own father." but here wis one that evidently did not know his 
own mother. After long years the c'aims of Nelson Chase vrere 
fuly confirmed, and the entire jirojierty was sold in a partition 
suit to various parties. Fortunately the i)roi)erty had been con- 
stantly increasing in value, and v\liat Stephen Jumel had pur- 
chased for $10,000, Avas sold for neai'ly half a million. Scnne tinr^ 
aftt r the mansion with a little land surrounding, was sold to the 
A\ife of (reneral Ferdinand P. Earl, and during her ownei-shi]) 
it retained nnich of the glory of the i)ast. It has been lately pur- 
chased by the city cf New York, and is undei' the direi-tion of 
]tatriot!c societies. The portrait of ('o'onel Roger Morris is 
from a jiainting by Copley. The ]ioitrait of his wife, Mr<. Mary 



(Philipse) ^Morris, was |)ainte(l by Benjamin West, and both 
are in the possession of lier descendants in England. The por- 
trait of Mrs. ^forris was made at a time when age and care and 


Fa /^ai 


trouble had destroyed the beauty for which she was once so 
famous. The portrait of her in youthful beauty is now in pos- 
session of the Gouverneur family, an engraving of which ap- 
])e;irs in tlic sketch of the Philipse family. 

DuBois Coat of Arms 


A little north of the Juuiel iiiausion was a large rock, upon 
which Fitz Greene Halleck wrote liis famous poem, "Marco 


Ill tlie middle ages the plainest lines of distinction were 
marked between the iiohilit}' and the common people. There 
were, in fact, but three classes — the clergy, the nobility and the 
peasantry. In France the Roturiers, or counuon people, were 
not allowed the use of surnames, which in after times they re- 
ceived from their occupation, or peculiar circumstances charac- 
terizing the person, or causes existing other than those which 
designate the possession of office or the holding of land. It was 
in the eleventh century that surnames were first assumed as a 
distinctive mark of nobility, and if a French surname can be 
traced back to that period it is indisputable evidence that the 
family entitled to it was at that time a noble one. Such was the 
name Du Bois, which a[)pears as early as 106(J. It was ancient 
both in Artois and Normandy before William the Conqueror left 
France for the conquest of Fngland. In the heraldic records 
preserved in the royal library of Paris, P'rance, it is ex[)ressly 
stated that the family is one of the oldest of the noble families 
of Cotentin, in Xormandy. 

The genealogy seems to begin with Geofl'roi Du Bois, who 
was a Knight Banneret under William the Conqueror, whom he 
accompanied to the coiKpiest of England, 1066. A list of seven- 
teen descendants is given, all of whom are designated as seig- 
neurs and chevaliers. Such is the early history of this dis- 
tinguished family. 

The direct ancestor of the American branch was Chretien 
(or Christian) Du Bois. of Wickers, in the Department of Artois. 
in FlanderS; afterwards a part of France. He was the iiareiit 


I't' two <()ns : .Ia('i|r.e<. l)oni Ki^.") and Louis, lioni ( )('tober '27, 
l(i-l(i. They helouijtd to tiie rac^ called Walloons, a peojile who 
lived on tlie honiidary hetwetn Fran<'e and Belgium, and who 
suft'ere;^ gr* ntly in the wnrs wli'cli almost ])er])etually raged in 
th'it ))r.vt cf Kuiojie. It was to escape these constant and con- 
tinue 1 tr(ui1iles tliat the A^'alloons came to America, and to 
escape fiom religious ])er«ecution was tlie i)rincipal cause that 
led them to alianoo'! their native land. Their language was the 
ancient French dialect of Picardy. which differed in many par- 
ticulai's from the language of Southern France, containing more 
cf the (Jallic and le-s of the Latin huiguage. They were a brave 
and hardy race, fully confii-miug the statement of Julius Caesar, 
'"Of all the ( the bravest are the Belgians." From these 
two brothel s are descended the various families of this honored 
name which are scattered far and wide throughout our In'oad 

.Jacques Du Bois, the elder of the two brothers, emigrated 
to America in ](i75, settling on the Esopus, Ulster county, New 
York. He did not h)ng survive his coming to the new world, for 
he died tlie foliowing year, leaving a widow, Pieronue (Bentyea) 
Lu Bois. whom he married in Leyden, April, 16(S3, and who 
afteiwards manned John lieterse. He also left three sons: 
dactjues (^^}lose name was afterward changed to Jacobus), born 
in Leyden, March, l(i(io; John, baptized July, Kill; Pierre (or 
Peter), baptized March 17, 3674, and was an infant at the time 
of his father's death. 

Louis Du I'ois, the younuer of the two brothers, removed 
to Manheim, (lei'mmy, and there married Cathaiine Blanshan 
( Blancon), October Id, Ki.")."). He emigrated to this country with 
his wife and three yiumg children in KiliO. They landed in New 
Amsterdam, but did not long remain there, lie sought for a 
hoine in the vast wilderness in the Esopus country, or the u]iper 


Hudson. Tliis derived its name from tlie Esopns kill, or creek, 
wliicli empties into the Hudson at Kondout, the ])ort or liarl)or 
of Kingston. His tirst home apjiears to liave lieen at Hurley, 
three miles from Kingston, and heie he built a store and traded 
with the Indians and the jieople of the new settlement. In the 
Indian raid of 1663. Hurley was almost entirely destroyed, and 
auKUig the ('ai)tives taken wei'e tlie wife and thi-ee children of 
l.ouis Du P>ois. the fiitlier Ix ing absent at the time. The rescue 
of .Mrs. Pu !>ois. as she was about to be jHit to death by her bar- 
barous caiitors, is among the most thrilling scenes of our early 
lii-toi'y. Th)-ee years later lj(mis Du Bois and a com])any asso- 
ciated with him purchased from the Indian.s a large tract of land 
in ristei- county. Tt extended ten miles along the Hudson river, 
and liack into the country a still greater distance. Tt included 
the whole oi- a lai'ge ])art of the present towns of New Paltz. 
I\osendale, Esopus. !>loyd. and Highland. The ])rice was paid 
in articles common enough to the white men, but highly prized 
l)y the Indians. Among them were forty kettles, forty axes and 
sixty knives. The sale was contirmed by a patent granted l)y 
(lovernor Edmund Andi-oss September 29, 1677. Among others 
i's-ocinted with Linii-^ Du. I'ois in the i)ui'chase were his sons 
Abraham and Isaac, and the ance-^tor of the honorable family 
of Hasbi-ouck, and the name continues there down to the present 

The Frencli Bil)!e of the Huguenots was their companion, 
and from its teachings they never wandered. Throughout his 
life Eouis Du Bois was the head, heart and soul of the new 
colony. Ten years latei- he reuu)ved to Kingston, where many 
of his French fi-iends still resided, and there he ])urchased a 
house and home lot of Derrick Schaeiunoes, and sptnit the last 
declining days of his life. His will, dated KiSii, was proved 
dune 2."i, l(i;»i). and he probably dieil the same UKiutli and year, 


and no doiil)! lies l)ni-ie(l in the ground of the Dutch church at 
Kingston, hut no tombstone marks liis last resting place. The 
children of Louis and Catherine Du Bois were: 1. Abraliam, 
born in Manheim, (iermany, died ()ctol)er 7, 17ol, at the age 
of seventy-four. He was the last survivor of the twelve paten- 
tees of New Paltz. He married ^largaret Deyo, and their chil- 
dren were: Abraham, baptized 1()85 ; Leah, 1687, married Kolliff 
Elting; Rachel. 1689; Catherine, 1693; Benjamin: Margaret; 
and Mary, who married Philip Ferrie, and to her he left a 
large tract of land in Pennsylvania. A i)lain tombstone at 
New Paltz bears this l)rief inscription: "1731 Octolier 7, A. D. 
— Bois, survivor of 12 patentees." 2. Isaac, born in ^lanheim, 
married at Kingston, 1683, ^larie Hasl)rouck, and his children 
were: David, born 1684, married Mary Lefevre; Benjamin, born 
1687; Philip, born 1690. Isaac Du Bois was also one of the 
twelve patentees of New Paltz, and died there June 28, 1690, at 
the early age of thirty-one. 3. Jacob, the first of the race born 
in America. In the church l)ook at Kingston is the entry of his 
baptism: "October 9, 1661, vadder van dit kint, Louis Du Bois, 
modder Catteray, Blancou, kint, Jacob, Getruggen, Antony 
Crefel, Madd aleen Joonse." (Presented for baptism October 
9, 16(il, by the father Louis Du Bois and the mother Catherine 
]jlancon, a child Jacob; Witnesses, Antony Crefel. Maddaleen 
Joonse). Jacob settled at Hurley, on a farm belonging to his 
father. He married Geritie Gerretsen, daughter of Gerrit 
Cornellisen, who was the son of Cornells Van Xewkirk. They 
were the i^arents of eleven children: ^lagdaleen, Barent, Lewis, 
Gerrittie, Sarah, Isaac, Gerritt, Catherine, Eebecca, Neeltye and 
Johanes. Four of the daughters died young. ( )f the sons. Barent 
and Lewis emigrated to Xew Jersey. Sarah married Conrad 
Elmendorff. Isaac had a son Gerritt, born 1704, went to Xew 
Jersey, but returned to Hurley; he had three children: Gerttie, 


Conrad and Toljias, who lias many descendants. Catherine mar- 
ried Petms Smedes. Johanes (or John) had seven ehiklren: 
Jacob, Cornelins, Petrus, Abraham, John and two danghtei's. 
Jacob Dn Bois, the ancestor of the family, died Jnne, 174-5. aged 
eighty-fonr. 4. Sarah, married Joose Jansen. 5. David, mar- 
ried Cornelia Varnage, 1689. He was living in 17o], and his 
descendants are living in Rochester, Ulster county. New York. 
6. Solomon, mentioned hereafter. 7. Rebecca, lujrn ](i71, died 
yoimg. 8. Rachel, born l(i75, died young. 9. Louis, born 1(377, 
married Rachel Hasbrouck, 1701, and from them are descended 
families in Broome and Tioga counties. New York, and in Penn- 
sylvania. 10. Matthew, born 1679, married Sarah Matthysen, 
and had a son Lewis, who was living in Kingston, New York. 

Solomon l)u Bois, sixth child of Louis and Catherine Du 
Bois, was born al)0ut 1671. He lived at New Paltz. though not 
within the patent. He had a large tract of land in Pennsyl- 
vania, at a })lace called in his will "Pocki Quia," i^robably now 
Perkiomen, Montgomery county. He also owned the northern 
part of the Loveridge Patent, at Catskill, and a tract of three 
thousand acres in the Wallkill Valley. In 1692 he married 
Trintie Gerritsen, a sister of the wife of his In-other Jacob, 
and they were the parents of eight children: Jacomyntie, liorn 
1693, married her cousin, Barent Du Bois, son of Jacob Du 
Bois, 1715; Isaac, settled at Perkiomen, Pennsylvania: Ben- 
jamin, mentioned hereafter; Sarah, wife of Simon \i\\\ \Yag- 
anen; Helena, wife of Josiah Elting; Catharine, wife of Peter 
Low; Cornelius; Hendricus (or Henry), married Jauittie 
Hooghtaliug, of Kingston. He died Feln-uary, 1759. at the ad- 
vanced age of ninety. 

Benjamin Du Bois. second son of Solomon and Trintie 
Du Bois. settled at Catskill. Xew Y'ork. He married Catharine 


Suylaiit. Their cliildren were: 1. Sara, haptizeil -laiuiary 11. 
lil'l'I. married Christian Overhangh, Api-il 4, 174."1. "_*. Soh)- 
iiion, l)a])tized Feliruary 2o, 1724, married Margaret Sammans, 
Se])temher 27, 1749. He died l)efore July 4, 17(50. 'A. Huy- 
bartus, l)ai)tised ()c'tol)er 10, 1725. married Cornelia llallen- 
beck. He died early in 1809. His wife died Angiist 25, 1795, 
at tlie age of sixty-six. 4. Cornelius, baptized Xoveml)er 12, 
1727, l)ut iii-obal)ly born before Sei^tember 14, 1727. He mai-- 
ried Catharine ^^anderllOol, Xoveml)er 12. 1751. He died June 
5, 1803. 5. Isaac, born dune 1, 1731, died February 23, 1795. 
He married Lena Sannnans, ]\Iay 28, 1752, and their cliildren 
were: 1. Lena Cathalynti'e, baptized April 23, 175.3, married 
Abrani Fonda, of Catskill. 2. Achie (or Agnes), l)aptiz(^d .\pril 
11, 1757, married dacol)ns Bogardus. 3. dt)lin (or dohaniu's). 
born March 25, 1760. 4. Joel, born ^lay 25. 17<)2, died April 
29, 1844. 

John Du Rois, son of Lsaac and ].,ena (Sannnans) Du Bois, 
married (first) Jauuettie (or Jane) Dies, in 1780. She died 
May 15, 1794, aged thirty-four years, four months, fourteen 
days. Her mother was generally known as "Lady Jane Die.-'," 
and of her a more extended notice will l)e given. He married 
(second) Catharine Bronk, of Coxachie, September 26, 1795. 
She died Angust 3, 1796, aged thirty-three years, four montlis, 
eight day*. His third wife was Gitty, daugliter of Cornelius 
Du Bois, whom he married February 12, 1797. She died Oct- 
ober 16, 1814, aged fifty-two years, ten months, seven days. 
He married a fourth time, Trieutje (or Catharine), daughter 
of Hnybartus Du Bois, June 29, 1816. She died August 24. 
1839, at the age of eighty-five years, ten montlis. three days. 
The children of John Du Bois and Jannettie ((roelet) Dies 
were: Fsaac, born Dt'cemlK-r 13, 1780, died August 23, 1850. 


_ o 




Lady Jane Dies. 15 years of age 


John Dies, born ^lareh 20, ITH-t, died .June ."1, \^A'). James, 
born March 17, 17S8. -Jenette, born -Inne 17, 17in. 

It is rather a I'cinarkahle circunistaiicc that ('atharine 
Du Bois, danghter of Hnyh.irtiis, was hoi-ii in the house wliere 
she died, at the time wlieii her t'athei- was living in it. and 
wliicli he hiter exchangt'd with his brother Isaac. Catharine 
was married twice bcfoi'e she niai'ried her own (■on>in, John, 
son of her nncle, Isaac, and John liad been mai'ricd three times 
before he married his consin, (.'atliarine, who l)y her third mar- 
riage returned to tlie liome where slie was horn and resunu^d 
her maiden name, and lived lia})i)ily witli her hist husband for 
twenty-three years l)efore she died in ls;-)9. 

John Dn Bois, sou of Isaac and Lena (Sanunans) Du Ijois, 
was l)orn ^laix-h 2o, ]7()0, died 1841. He was no ordinary man. 
His extensive estate on tlie Catskill was ahnost a principaUty, 
and although his acts and his life were principally contined 
within the limits of his estate, yet they were so marketl that 
tliey left an impression n]ion the memories of his posterity to 
the third generation. His indomitable will and courage made 
him an acknowledged leader in the conunnnity, as well as the 
ruler of his own familx'. His opinions and acts were always 
respected, because they wei-e founded on wisdom and justictv 
He was stern in demeanor and unconiiii'omising, so that lii> 
will and word in his faniilx' and o\-er all his possessions wer'' 
supreme, and none ever ventured to (pU'stion oi- dispute. 

His residence at the Point was like an old time haronia! 
hall. His jiersonal a])])earance and habits were well in keep- 
ing. In stature he was over si.\ feet in height, well propor- 
tioned and strongly built, and of a very impressive ami com- 
manding ajjiiearance. In costunu', he wore to the last the small 
clothes, the knee breeches with great siKcr buekles. tight stock- 
ings and low shoes — in short, the garb of a gentlenu\n of those 


clays, so conspicuou.sly i)reseuted in the engraviug of the Sion- 
ing of tlie Declaration of Independence. He appears as a prom- 
inent character in AFrs. Ann 8. Stephens' famous novel of 
"Mary Derwent." ^Irs. Stephens spent some time in the Dn 
Bois home. Everything that conld be needed was jn'oduced on 
his estate, orchards and gardens, as well as fertile tields. while 
in the river and creeks were fish in jilenty, and wild game in 
those days was abnndaut. They tanned their own leather, 
raised their own wool and flax, and spun and wove their own 
cloth. "When he died he left l>eliind him the reputation of a 
gentleman of the old school, and an honest and worthy man. 

John Dn Bois married Jane Dies, who was a danghtei- of 
John Dies and Jannettie Goelet, the only child to Jacob Goelet, 
whose name was anglicised into James Groelet. Jacob Goelet 
was thoroughly acquainted with the Dutch language, and was 
ap])ointed ''sworn translator" of that language, and translated 
many Dutch wills into English. In 1770 Jane Dies sold the 
house and lot where her father had lived on Broadway, New 
York. In this deed she speaks of herself as "only child and 
heiress at law of Jacob Goelet, late of New York, merchant." 
This house and lot is Xo. 27 Broadway, and is ))art of th;^ 
Stevens House. 

John Dies Du Bois, second son of John and Janette Du 
Bois, was born ]\Iarch 20, 178-1, died June 3, 1845. His life 
was passed on the ancestral heritage at Catskill, devoted en- 
tirely to his farm. He married Rebecca Overbaugh, February 
15, 1807. She was born October, 1786, and died March, 18(i9. 
Their children were: Lewis, born 1809, died May 23, 187(i; 
Philo, born :\[arch 31, 1812; Ann Jennette, born June 29, 1814. 
married Peter Whitaker; William, born June 6, 1816, died Oct- 
ober 9, 1834; James Goelet, born July 2, 1818; Addison, born 
.lanuarv 24, 1821; Frederick Nelson, born October 5, 1829. 



Frederick Nelson J)u Bois, a rei)resentative citizen and 
leading niannfactnrer of the borough of Manhattan, a man 
well endowed with rare intellectual attainments, keen discrim- 
ination and business ability of a high order, which, together 
Avith his mechanical skill and ingenuity, have made him a lead- 
ing factor in industrial circles, was born on the old Du Bois 
homestead at Catskill, Greene county, New York, October 
5, 1829. 

Mr. Du Bois received his educational training in the schools 
at C^atskill. He remained under the i)arental roof till the age 
of sixteen, when he went to Buffalo, New York, and learned 
the trade of a silvei'smith with his brother Philo. After thor- 
oughly acquiring a knowledge of business, in 1854 he went to 
Chicago with the necessary tools and machinery, and started 
the manufacture of silverware, the tirst in that city. He i)ur- 
sued it with moderate success until 18G2, in which year the 
Rebellion broke out, and this so damaged his business as to 
cause him to abandon it. Having previously invented ma- 
chinery for crushing gold ores, he decided to try the chances 
of gold mining. In 1862 he proceeded with his wife and two 
children to the gold mines of Colorado, settling at Black Hawk, 
Giliun county, in the Rocky Mountains. Here he prosecuted 
work on some gold mines which he and his partner had pre- 
viously acquired, but finding them unproductive, he turned his 
attention to other business, including the sui)erintending of the 
mines of the Burroughs Gold Alining Company (a New York- 
organization) until the fall of 1865, when he went to New York 
and organized a stock company known as the CVilorado Ore 
lieducing Works, his three brothers, of the firm of -J. G. Du 
Bois and Company, lieing the principal stockholders. 

Mr. Du Bois constructed the works of the new company at 
Black Hawk, Colorado, at an expense of $65,000, and after 


ojieratiiii;' tlR-ni for iK'arl_\' a y^'ar and rt'acliiiii;' a jioint wIrtc 
tlioy were paying- a profit, tlie>' wei'e nnfortmiately destroyed 
by an aceidental fire, residting' in a total loss withont insuranee. 
and as no insnranee could l)e obtained in Colorado at tliat time., 
it was deeided not to i-ebnild. Mr. Dn f>ois was the originator 
of tlie plan of ])ureliasing- the gold ores of the Colorado mines, 
and extracting the gold by improved scientific methods, a i)lan 
which lias since been universally adojjfed. 

After the destruction of his fine and nuicli cherished re- 
duction works, Air. Du Bois returned to New York, in 1868, and 
associated in business with his brothers, d. (I. Du Bois and 
Company, adding to that fii'in his skill and ingenuity. The 
business of J. (I. Du Bois and Company was the manufacture 
of sash, doors and blinds, established in 1844, by his oldest 
brotlier Lewis, who had been in the imilding business in Xew 
York since 1836. 

After the return of Mr. Du Bois from Colorado, the firm 
of J. (t. Du Bois and Company added to their business the 
manufacture of lead ])ipe, and Mr. Du Bois took especial chai-ge 
of that branch of the business. It was while conducting the 
liusiness of manufacturing lead pijie that Mr. Du Bois made the 
valuable invention of the " Du Bois Seandess Drawn Lead 
Tra])," now used by jilumbers in all civilized conntrics. in 
January, 1877, ]\lr. Du Bois engaged on liis own account in the 
manufacture and sale of his patent i)luml)ers' traps, at the 
factory of .1. (!. Du Bois and Company, 512 AVest Thirtieth 
street, and since that time has had the valuable assistance and 
association with him in the l)usiness, of his son in-law. ?»lr. 
F. W. Blau\'elt. At the same time he oi-gjanized his business 
into a stock conii)any under the name of The Du l^)ois ]\[anu- 
facturing Com])any of Xew York, for the i)ni-pose of handling 
the ])rodn('t of his ]>at(Mit. and estal)lislit'(l a branch for the 














manufacture of the trajis in London. England, ami another 
at Berlin, in Germany. At the expiration of the jtatcnt, tlu- 
company having suh^crx'ed its pnr])Ose, was dissolved. 

Tn 1884 Mr. Dn IJois erected the spacions six-story hiick 
building- at Ninth ax'enne and Twenty-tifth street, whii-h he 
e(iuit)ped witli special machinery of his own invention and de- 
sigfii, for the manufacture of his jiatented Plumhei-s' Seamless 
Wrought Lead Trap. In addition to the numei-nus features 
and accessories for manufacturing purjioses, the building con- 
tains large show and ware rooms, in wliich are kept a larg;' and 
varied assortment of plumbers' materials and sniiplies. A 
large suite of ofifices are located on the second tioor, where a 
skilled corps of stenograpliers and clerks are em])li>yed. This 
establishment furnishes employment for a large number of 
skilled operatives and salesmen, and is not only one of the lead- 
ing concerns of its kind in tlie city, Imt stands out uni(|ue from 
all others, owing to the fact that its foimder is the sole proprie- 
tor and owner, and to his skill and enterprise alone is due the 
success the house has attained, and it can be correctly stated 
that the name of Frederick X. Du Bois is everywhere regarded 
in business circles as a synonym for honesty and straightfor- 
ward business methods. 

In addition to his many connnercial duties. Mr. Du IJois 
takes an active interest in all such enterjirises as have for their 
object the social and moral welfare of the neiglil)orhood where- 
in he resides. In 1S!)1 Mi'. Du I'xiis ac(|uired the family home- 
stead at C'atskill, Greene county, Xew York, and lias made ex- 
tensive improvements to the projierty. having I'estored the old 
family mansion to its present condition in 1*»()4. In 1S!)S he 
erected a connnodious aiul nio(h'rn house on the ancesti'al farm 
at Gatskill, in which he resides during the sunnner months. 
The location is one of the finest in the Hudson river valley, as 


well as of great historic interest, the first ancestors of the 
family having heen among the first settlers of that part of the 
country. Mr. Dn Bois, having always cherished the place of 
his early associations of life, has estahlished his citizenship 
at C*atskill, and has contributed of his time and substance 
towards advancing the material as well as the social and moral 
interests of the town. In 1903 he donated $25,000 towards the 
erection of the Young Men's Christian Association building at 
Catskill, and in many ways has contributed of his substance for 
the betterment of the community. He is a member of the board 
of directors of the Catskill Electric Railway Comjiany, at Cats- 

Frederick Nelson Du Bois married, at Buifalo, New York, 
September 1, 1851, Helen A. Riley, born at Toronto, Canada, 
August 1, 1828, and of this marriage were born two children: 
]. James Frederick, November 27, 1852, died December 22, 
1863. 2. Alice, born April 11, 1856, married Frank AY. Blau- 
velt, and has three children: Evelyn, born November 3, 1878, 
married Calvin Alfred Littlefield, January 24, 1906; Frederick 
I)u Bois, born June 24, 1884; and Madaline Allaire, bora Feb- 
ruary 27, 1892. Frederick N. Du Bois and his wife are active 
members of the North Presbyterian church at Washington 
Heights, of which Mr. Du Bois has served as trustee, and is 
]tresident of the board. 


One branch of the Goelet family is so closely connected 
with the Du Bois family that an extended notice is retiuired, 
es])ecial]y as no com])lete account of this particular branch has 
yet a])])eared in ])rint. The Goelets are of French Huguenot 
origin, their ancestors living at La Rochelle, but fied to Holland 
to escape ])ersecution, the records of Amsterdam showing thai 

Young Men s CKristian Association Building, Catskill, New York 

Erected by F. N. DuBois 


tliey were liviiiii- in tliat city in KIi'l. Francis (ioclct. a ynniiiicr 
son of tile family, came to Xpw Xetlierlaml in KiTli. hrinying 
witli liini his son. .h!col)ns (Joelet. then a lad ahnnt t(Mi years of 
ag'e. The fatlier returned to Holland on liu>ini'>s. hut tlie ves- 
sel in whieh he saik>d was nevei' heard fi-:»m afterwards, arid 
he donlitless ])erislied in tlie sea. Jaeol)ns (ioelet, tlins left an 
orjihan. was l)rnn,nlit np hy Frederick Philipse, tlie famous mei'- 
chant of Xew Amsterdam. Tie married Jannettie f'oesar, who 
was also of a Huguenot family, and at his death in 17.")1, left 
a family of six children. 

One of the sons, .lohaimes (or John) (inelnt. married in 
1718, Jannettie, daughter of John Cannon, a merchant of Xew 
York, who was also of French Protestant descent. John Goelet 
died in 1753, leaving a family of seven children. Of these, Peter 
Goelet, the fourth son, was lioi'n in 1737, and hecame a ])ros- 
perous merchant in New York. His ])lace of husiness was on 
Hanover Square. Tn those days wliat is now Hanover Scinare 
was occu|)ied hy a ti'iangular hlock of several houses and lots 
which were hounded on the south hy Pearl street, west hv 
"Burgers Path," now William street; north hy a narrow stre'4 
called Van Bruggens street, or Van Brugli street; and termi- 
nating in a i)oint on the east. The store of Peter Goelet was 
next to Pearl street, and was where the elevated railroad stairs 
now stand, and was known hy the sign of the "Golden Key." 
His name very fre(|uently appears as a man of wealth and 
importance, and in 1755 he mai-ried Elizabeth Ratse, the daugh- 
ter of a wealthy merchant. His son, Peter P. Goelet, not only 
inherited considerable ])roi)erty, hut lai"gely increased it. and it 
is owing to his ability and foresight that his descendants, tin' 
])resent family of (lOelet, have obtained tlu'ir wealth and con- 
se(]uent im))ortance. 

The branch of the familv to which we particnlarK' allude in 


this .sketch are descended from .lac()l)us, or Jacob (Joelet, who 
was a son of the first Jacobus Goelet, and l)rother of Johannes 
(or .John) Goelet, the ancestor of the other branch of the fam- 
\\y. Jacobns (ioelet was born al)ont !()!>(), and became a wealthy 
merchant and pi-omincnt man. On ]\lay 11, 171(i, he married 
Catherine Boele. Of several children, the only one who sur- 
vived was Jannettie (or Jane), who was l)aptised Xoveml)ei- 
23, 1720. 

Among other jiositions held hy Jacol) Goelet was that of 
"Sworn Interjn-eter of tlie Dutch Lang-uage." The descendants 
of the ancient Dutch families continued to write their wills in 
that language down to a comparatively late date, and the rec- 
ords of them in the New York Surrogate's office are certified 
as translated 1)y Jacob Goelet. The residence of Jacob Goelet 
in New York was the south corner of Broadway and ^Morris 
street, which was anciently called "Beaver Lane." Here there 
were formerly three or four small houses and lots, all of which, 
including the house of Jacob (Joelet, were torn down long years 
ago, and the hotel, known as the "Stevens House," now stands 
in their place. 

Jannettie (or Jan'e Goelet, as she was afterwards called) 
married John Dies, July 28, 1743. Of John Dies but little is 
]iositively known. He is said to have been a ship cajitain, and 
traded with the West Indies. He is also said to have l)een a 
major in the British army, and deserted from it and fled to 
("atskill as a remote and safe retreat from the pursuei's. All 
that is known with certainty is that his father-in-law, Jacob 
Goelet, was at one time a merchant in Catskill, and probably 
John Dies went with him, and turned out to be an extravagant 
man, lacking in jirudence, and was chai'ged with still worse 
faults. Jacol) (Joelet in his will dated July 9, 1768, leaves his 
]!ro]:erty to his daughter, but takes sjiecial care to place it in 



^ ^ 

5 ^ 

i^ t 

f ^ 

1^ V ^ 





■^^^ ^^ 

5^ !s v^ ^>.'^ 


^rj f^c^i^^ 


the liauds dt" trustees, to prevent its coiniiiii- into the hands of 
his son-in-Unv, John Dies, "of whose prudence 1 have uo o]jin- 
ion." Jaco):) Goelet probably died soon after, but the date is 
not known. V \nn\ tlie property at C'atskill, .John Dies erected 
a mansion that was long famous, and was an elegant and ex- 
pensive specimen of Colonial architecture. It was erected in 
1763, and was built of sandstone, with corners of freestone. 
It had laige wide halls extending from back to front, tine stair- 
cases, deep wide fireplaces, large and square rooms with very 
high ceilings, and presented a very striking contrast to the low 
Dutch houses in the vicinity. It stood on a tract of about five 
acres, bounded east by the highway, now known as Main street, 
and on the south and west by Catskill creek. Its exact location 
was about a hundred feet north of the foot of Green street. 
The immense chimney of a tile making establishment now stands 
on its site. It was very near the side of the creek. After the 
death of Jane Dies, this elegant mansion became sadly neg- 
lected, but could not fall into decay. It was occupied as a tene- 
ment, later as a school, and as a private dwelling. While it 
was a tenement it was occupied by the family of Thurlow "Weed, 
once so prominent in the political affairs of the State, whose 
father, Joel Weed, was a village cartman in Catskill. In its 
early days it was i)opularly known as "Dies' Folly," and in 
later years was known liy the irreverent title of the "Stone 
Jug." It was torn down in 1897, having stood for one hundred 
and lliirty-four years. Its massive walls required the use of 
dj'namite to destroy them. It was a tradition that in a small 
room in the attic next to a chimney, John Dies was concealed 
by his wife, when British soldiers were in the vicinity. 

Jane Dies, or as she was miiversally known, "Madame 
Dies," was a lady of superior mind, and greatly esteemed by all 
who knew her. Her tombstone, which is now standing in a 

(iEXEALOaiCAL AM) FAMllA lilsroHY I'.'l 

private burying grouiid on the Du Bois estate, hears the in- 
scription : 

In nieniury of .Iniic l)ii's, wife of .luhn Dies, 

AVlio departed tliis life the 5th of March. 

1799, aged 7S years. 

See here slie rests free from all care 

The world no more to mind 

Bnt mounts up to her Saviour deai' 

Hei' sui-e and faitliful Friend. 

Tn Till' PdcLct, a newsjtaper ])rin(:ed hy Mackay Croswell, 
in the numl)er dated Alarch 9. 1799, apjiears tlie following 
notice: "Died on Tuesday last, (March 5th), Mrs. dane I>ies 
of this town, aged seventy-eiglit years. Her virtues, piety, l)e- 
nevolence and cliarity have heen equalled by very few." 

The date of her husl)and's death is unknown, Init it was be- 
fore 1773. Their children were: 1. Matthew, I)orn ^^fay 13, 
1744. 2. Catharine, boi'n Februai'y -Jfi, 174(i. (She mai-ried 
John H. Du Bois, July 17. 1S04. For lier descendants see 
sketcli of Du Bois family.) .".. dacoh (Joelet, horn February 19, 
1748, died in Canada. 4. daiie, horn Se])temher I'S, 1759 (mar- 
ried Jolm J. Du Bois, son of Isaac Du Bois, 17S()). 5. John, 
born September 14. 17(il (died unmarried at (iilhoa. alxmt 

Afatthew Dies man-ied Fve. daughter of doliamu^s \'an 
Ijoan and Jeannette \'an \'(ilkenherg. They had children: John. 
(who lived at Gilljoa and died unmarried, aged ninety-six ) ; dane, 
born AFarch 19, 17n8. died .\ugust -J!*, 1840, (she married. Feb- 
ruary '2'.->, 1791. Isaac \'an Loan, captain and owner of the pas- 
senger sloo]) " Delawai'e") ; Rebecca; Lydi:i : .Matthew, horn 
Api-il 29, 1778 (died in Canada^; Christini. hoiii SeptemluT 1. 
1784, (married Benjamin Faiming. and died at (iilhoa, .\ugust. 
1816); Jacol), born .March 27. 1792, (died in Claryville. Sullivan 



15, 1835, Anna Hoy. Their children were: Mary, Benjaniiu, 
Nelson, "Walter Dies, John Tnttle, Harriet Clark, and Sarah 
EHzal)eth. The two last are now livini-- in Catskill, and have 
many interesting relics of the family. Dr. Xelson Fanning was 
a surgeon in the Union army, and a very prominent })hysician 
in Catskill. 

AinJAUAM \)V HO IS. ■ i 

Ahralunu Du IJois is a worthy representative of one of the 
(ildi'st JIngnenot families who wei-e among the first settlers of 
the Hudson Kiver Valley. He was horn at the family homestead 
in Harrington township, Bergen county, Xew Jersey, Jan- 
uary "20, ]8o5, son of Henry Du Bois. The ancestors of the 
latter were also among the early settlers of the lower Hudson 
Valley, Powles Hoek, or Powles Ferry, which took its name 
after the family, and was located at or near where the Jersey 
City ferries aie now situated; it was the princi]ial landing on 
the New Jersey sliore for the hoatmen and ferries coming from 
New York. 

Henry Du i^ois, horn June 17, I'^d.'!, at Tlster Landing, Ilar- 
lington township. Bergen county. New Jersey, was left depend- 
ent u})on his own efforts. His educational privilges heing lim- 
ited, he was compelled to take u]) such em])loyment as could he 
secured, and took \\\) hoating, which at that time was one of the 
leading industries along the Hudson. By industr\- and perse- 
verance he improved his opportunities and increased his capital. 
Ahout 1840 he removed to New ^^)rk city, and hei-e hecame 
engaged in the dock hnilding trade. In this nndeitaking lie met 
with good success, and in 1845 associated himself with Isaac 
Hendrix, under the firm name of Du Bois iS: Hendrix, who soon 
Itecanie well and fa\'oral)ly known as the leading pioneer dock 
huilders of New York city, the firm's name of Dn I'ois ^' Hen- 


drix being e\'erywheie regarded as syiionyiuous with honest 
business methods. The firm successfully continued until 1878, 
when Air. l)u Bois ictired from active business pursuits. 

in addition to the many duties devolving upon him in their 
dock building business, Mr. Du Bois was interested in other 
enterprises in New York city. He was for some time a member 
of the board of directors of tlie St. Nicholas Fire Insurance 
Company, and the Knickerbocker Bank, corner Fourteenth 
street and Eighth avenue. Mr. Du Bois was a man possessed 
of even and kind disposition and good temperament. He was 
a stanch supporter of the ProhiI)ition i)arty. His moderate and 
abstemious habits were no doubt conducive to his years of 
longevity. He passed away July t, 1887, mourned by a large 
circle of friends. 

Henry Du Bois was married in Bergen county, New Jersey, 
to Catherine Powles, born November 12, 1807, died October 8, 
1878, a descendant of an old Colonial family. Of this marriage 
were born a family of ten children, as follows: t. Jacob, who 
married and resided in New York city, died there aged seventy 
years. 2. John, who married and resided in New York city. 
3. Rachel, who married Captain Fdward Skinner. 4. Abraham, 
who died, aged one year. 5. Abraham (I'd), of this review. 
6. Charles, who married and resided in Brooklyn. 7. Sarah 
Ellen, who died in early childhood. 8. James, who married and 
resides in Brooki^ii. f). Isaac Ilendrix, who died in early child- 
hood. 10. Henry I]., of whom a sketch appears elsewhere in this 
work. The mothei- of this family. Catherine ( I'owles) Du Bois, 
})assed away October S, 1878. She was a most estimable lady of 
the old school type, and, like her husband, had a wide circle of 
friends, many of whom lost i)i her a generous benefactor at the 
time of her death. 

Abraham Du Bois, fourth sou and tifth child of ilenrv and 


Cathci-hie (Powles) Dii Bois, was l)oni at tlie family homestead 
ill Ilarriiigtou township, Bergeu county. New .Jersey, Jan- 
nary 20, 18.'55. After having attended the schools of the Ninth 
ward in Xew York city, and upon reaching the age of sixteen, he 
liesan to learn the hookhinding trade with the Harper Brothers 
of New York. Tlie work proving too confining for his liealth, 
lie decided to take uj) outdoor work, and engaged in the dock- 
huilding trade with his father. In lSo7, soon after liis marriage, 
lie removed to Sus(|uehanna county. Pennsylvania, wliere he 
resided for over nine years. In 18(57 he returned to New York 
city, liaving lionght an interest in the firm of Du Bois ct Hen- 
drix. He has since heen actively connected and identified with 
the firm in all its various undertakings, namely: building docks 
and bridges, and in its dredging contracts, the latter being their 
chief line of enteri)rise at the present time. By his skill and 
])ractical judgment, Mr. Du Bois has done much for the success 
and advancement of the firm, which for some time was known as 
Henry Du Bois tS: Sons. Noveml)er 25, 1898, the interests of the 
firm were incorporated under the title of Henry Du Bois' Sons 
Company, with Abraham Du Bois, president and treasurer; 
Henry X. Du Bois, general manager and civil engineer; and 
Edwin AY. Du Bois. vice-])resident and secretary. 

Abraham Du Bois married, at Elizabethi)ort, New Jersey, 
May 7. 1857. Alary B. Abnitgoinery, liorn September 25. 1836, 
daughter of John and Elvira (Horton) AlontgomerA'. Of this 
marriage were born six children: 1. Elvira, born April 25, 1858, 
died Novem))tr 25. 1877. 2. IK'ai}- N., born in Susiiuehanna 
county. Pennsylvania. January 27, 18(5(1; came with his parents 
upon their removal to New York city, and here attended the 
public school, and for two vears attended the College of the 
City of New York. AVlien seventeen years of age he took up the 
practical duties of life in the employ of Henry Du Bois & Sous, 


and has since l)t'en connected with the finn and their successors 
in various capacities. Since the incorporation of tlie firm of 
Henry Du Bois' Sons &: C'ompany in 1898, he has acted as 
genei'a! manager and chief engineer. He is a member of Lodge 
Xo. 7o(), Free and Accepted ^fasons, of Brooklyn, and the Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Lodge Xo. 22, of Brook- 
lyn. He married, October IG, 1888, Irene ^lackey, Ijorn May 22, 
18()4. daughter of William J. and Ella (King) :\rackey. Of this 
marriage were boi'u four children: Edna, born August 4, 1889; 
Irene, born September 23, 1890; Henry X., Jr., born Decem- 
ber 25, 1893 ; and Agnes :\Iiriam, born August 29, 189(i. 3. Abra- 
ham, died in infancy. 4. John, died in infancy. 5. Mary, died 
in infancy. 6. Elliott C, born July 30, 1878, a graduate of the 
Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. He married, January 23, 
1906, Jessie Miller Van Wicklen, born Xovember 5, 1876, daugh- 
ter of John Y. and Henrietta K. (Miller) A'an Wicklen. ]\[rs. 
Du Bois died August 15, 1903. 


Edwin W. Du Bois, vice-president and secretary of the, 
Henry Du Bois Sons' Oomjjany. was born in X"ew Yoi'k city, 
July 18, 1868. son of Charles and Emily A. (Wells) Du Bois, 
and grandson of Henry and Catherine (Powles) Du Bois. 

Charles Du Bois (father) was born in Flarrington townslii]), 
Bergen county, Xew Jersey, April 1(5. 18;]7, died February 17. 
lf)()L He received his educational training in the sclu)ols of 
Xew York city, and at the age of sixteen entered a publisliing 
lu)use in the city of Xew York, serving in a clerical capacity for 
some time. Ca]>tain Du l>ois connnanded the steamer "Austin," 
one of the jMoneer Hudson river tow boats. In 1872, after hav- 
ing pursued various occu])ati(ms foi' a numbei' of years, he be- 
came associated with his father and others under the stvle of 


Henry Dii Bois & 8ons, the firm having purchased tlie interests 
of Tsaae Hendrix. deceased. (1iai"les Du Bois continued his con- 
nection with the firm of Du Bois & Sons for several years, and 
then became connected witli the firm of ^Torris & ("unnnings, 
with whom he remained in tlie cai)acity of assistant superin- 
tendent for a period of fifteen years. In 1878 lie again returned 
to the employ of tlie firm with which his father was connected, 
and remnined actively engaged up to the time of his death, Felj- 
ruary 17. liXll. at which time he was president and treasurer of 
the comi)aiiy. During the many years of his varied and ]irac- 
tical career, Mr. Du Boi< acipiired a tliorough kiiowk^dge of the 
various detiiils of the business in which his father had been so 
many yeiirs engaged. He was president for two years of Dredge 
Owners' Association, a l)ody of men re])resenting the dredging 
companies throughout the country. Was also connected with 
the F*ratt Oil Company. He was a useful and pub]ic-si)irited 
citizen, a:id took an active part in all such enter])rises as tended 
towards the good and welfare of the community in which he 
resided. He held membership in the Carrol Park ^fethodist 
Episco];;il church of Brooklyn, Xew York, and served as a mem- 
be]' of the board of trustees for a nnmbei- of years, ^^r. Du 
Bois was united in marriage to Emily A. Wells, born Septem- 
ber 9, 1838. daughter of David and Sally (Curtiss) Wells. Three 
children were the issue of tliis union: Sarah Frances, born Xo- 
vember 1(). 18")7. died l)eceml)er L'5, 18(!l'. Minnie E., born Feb- 
ruary 2(), 18()4 married A\'alter A. Miles, a resident of .Mt. \'er- 
non. Xew York, and their children are: Ethel L.. Mildred I>. and 
AValter Du liois. Edwin W., see forward. 

Mdwin AY Du Bois ac(|uired an excellent English edncatii>n 
in the public sclionis of Brooklyn. Xew York, graduating fi-om 
the high school of the same borough. Cptm assuming the prac- 
tical duties of life he at first engaged in stenographic work. 


and later read law in the offices of Messrs. C'hainberlaia, Carter 
aud Hornblower, ot" New York City. His next eni])loyinent was as 
stenographer in the office of Angnst Behiiuiit tV' ('oni})any, lie 
heing the first to operati' a typewriter and to hitrodnce modern 
business methods in the office of that firm. At the expiration 
of three months he was advanced to the position of private secre- 
tary to the bite Angnst Behnont, serving- in that capacit>- for a 
pei'iod of four years, and dnring liis entire connection with tlie 
firm performed tlie duties assigned liim with ci'edit to himself 
and to tlie satisfaction of the meml)ers couii)i'isiiig the firm. 
Mr. Du I^ois accei»ted the i)osition of suiierintendeiit of the firm 
of Henry Du Bois & Sons in 1887. serving as such until Feb- 
ruary, ll'Ol, wlien, njion the incorporation of the Henry Du Bois 
Sons' Com})any, he was elected to the position of vice-president 
and secretary for the corpoi-ation, in which capacity he is serv- 
ing at the })resent time. He is a member of executive board of 
Association for Pi-otection of Commerce of the Port of New 
York; member of Royal Arcamim and other fraternal and civic 
organizations; a member of the AVillink Club of Flatl)ush, and 
executive member of Glen's Club of Flatbnsh; also interested in 
F]ati)ush Tax layers' Association. 

Mr. Du Bois married, in Brooklyn, New Y'ork, Septem- 
ber oO, 1893, Etta M. Beardsley, l)orn November (5, 1875, daugh- 
ter of Frederick T. and Adelaide P. (Clark) Beardsley, of Con- 
necticut. Their children ai'e: Howard, born Sei)tember 20, 
189-1, died in infancy. Tjester B., born A])ril 2, 1897. Charles 
F., born January 31, 1899. Air. Du Bois and his wife are charter 
members of the Prospect Parlv Presbyterian church in Brook- 
lyn. Mr. Du I'ois being president of board of trustees. They are 
highly respected in the community in wliicli they reside, and 
enjoy tlie accpiaintance of a wide circle of friends and 

^^^^^ /^ (^^-c^/ff 6rt^ 



Ileniy E. Dn I'xtis, who was a prominent and successful 
civil enginee!' and iiienihcr of the old firm of Henry Du Bois & 
Sons, dock and bridge builders of New York city, was l)orn at 
the fam.ily liomestead in West Eleventh street. New York city, 
August S, 1^4'). son of Henry and Catharine (Powles) Du Bois, 
both of whom were descended from old families whose ancestors 
wei'e among: the eaiTy settlers who took up lands a.long the Hud- 
sou rivei- with the Hollanders and others who were among the 
early colonists. A full account of these families a])i>eai-s in 
another part of this woi'k. 

Henry E. Du I>ois attended the schools of his native city, 
and wIkmi but fourteen years of age took up the practical duties 
of life, beginning to work with his father, Henry l')u Bois, who 
was then engaged in the dock l)uilding business with the firm of 
Du i)ois & Hendrix. of New Yt)rk city. The young mechanic 
soon displayed an aptitude for the technical i)art of the work 
and readil}' mastei'cd the various details of the trade. He next 
be/nme engaged with the Mcu-ris c^ Cumming-s Dredging Coni- 
l)an\' of New York city, with whom he remained in the capacity 
ol chief engineer until 187S. when the old firm of Du Bois & 
Hendrix was dissolved and Henry E. severed his connection with 
the ^Morris & Cummings l'omi)any and became a member of the 
firm of Henry Du I>ois tV: Sons, who were for some time engaged 
in the (hick and bridge building l)usiness. Hi 1880 Henry E. 
Dn l>ois was instrumental in adding the dredging business to 
the already ( xtciisive trade of Henry Du Bois & Sons, and by 
his sk'ill and practical business ex|)erience contributed mucli to 
the success of the enter])rise. 

He/11'y E. Du l>ois was a self-made man in the fullest sense 
of tlie word He was scrupulously just in all his transactions, 


and (luiiiig tlie wiiole of liis ;u'ti\-e and l) career liis name 
was everywliere regarded as synonymous with honest ])nsiness 
metliods. He was sincere in all his associations with his fellow- 
men, and was everywhere regarded with highest esteem. He 
was ])rominent in the Masonic order and had attained to the 
thirty-third degree of tlie craft. He was a strong advocate of 
the )n'inci])les of the Repnlilican party, and was his party's can- 
didate for assemblyman from the Tenth ward of Brooklyn, wliich 
nominally gave a large Democratic majority, Init Mr. Du Bois' 
well known ])rinciiiles and ]')ersonal popularity won him many 
votes and he came within two votes of defeating his opponent. 
He died April 2. ISDT, mourned by a wide circle of friends. 

Henry E. Hu Bois married, October 18, 1865, Theresa Low, 
born January 3. 1845. daughter of Eichard Godfrey and Car- 
oline (McKown) Low, of Athens. Greene county, Xew York. 
Of this marriage were born three children: 1. Catherine, born 
July 22. 186(1. 2. Henry E., born July 20, 1868, married Eleanor 
T. Cusliing. born October 6, 1872, daughter of Henry K. and 
Kate Halsey (Hodgkiuson) Cushing. and have two children, 
Harrold Cushing, born October 27, 1896, and Harry Edwin, Jr., 
born July 21. 1898. 3. "William, born January 25, 1870. married, 
July 20. 1890. Amy C. Hannold, born :\[arch 25, 1874, daughter 
of Charles H. and Harriet M. (Wright) Hannold. The mother 
of this family, Theresa (Low) Du Bois still survives. She is a 
most estimable lady, possessed of many excellencies of char- 
acter, and is highly esteemed l)y nil who know her. 


Tlie family of which Arthur Du Bois. of West Xew Brighton, 
boi'ough of Richmond, Now York, is a re]iresentative, was fnuud- 
ed in this country l)y Jacques Du Bois, and the line of descent 
in the following generations were Pierre (or I'eter) Du Bois, 


married Jeannette Burliams; Jonathan Du Bois. married 
Ariantie Oosterliout ; Peter Du Bois. married ]\Iaria Van 
Yooris (Voorliees) ; Cornelius Du Bdis. married Sarah Ph\tt 
Ogden; Cornelius Du Bois. married Mary A. Delafield; Eugene 
Du Bois, married Anna i\. P>i(i()k-: Artliin- Dm Bois, man-ied 
Helen Sturges. 

Eugene Du Bois. son of Cornelius and }khuy A. (Delafield) 
Du Bois, and fatliei- of Arthur Du Bois, whose name heads this 
sketch, was lioiai at the family homestead in (xramerey Park. 
Xew York City, Fehruary 20, 1841. His elementary educational 
training was ac(|uired under ])rivate tuition and at the Antlion 
Memorial School, a noted institution of learning iu its day. At 
tlie age of fourteen lie entered Columbia College, graduating 
therefrom at the age of eighteen with credit. Ppon the comple- 
tion of his studies he entered his father's business establishment, 
which was then managed under the firm name of Du Bois & 
Vandervoort, packers and wholesale (healers in tobacco, with 
offices and wai'erooms at Xo. ?u Water street, and later at Xo. 
75 Front street. The iirm was well and favorably known in the 
tobacco trade, conducting an (»xten-ive business thrt)ug]umt the 
southern states, hut ujxm the breaking out of the Civil war the 
trade of the house was seriously affected, and the firm was com- 
pelled to li(|uidate their atl'airs and dissolve their Imsiness re- 
lations, rpon the severance of his connection with his father's 
establishment. Eugene Du Bois enuaged in the real estate busi- 
ness with offices at Xo. "Jo Park Pow. Xew York City, and he 
continued in this liiu^ of ])ursuit for a number of years, gaining 
an envia))le re])utation for iidegrity and uprightness, being just 
and conscientious iji the manauement of all his affairs. He 
labored efficiently in the promoTion of all sucli enter]nases as 
liad for their oliject the good and welfare of the neighborhood 
in which he resided, and was an ai'(U*nt supporter of religious 


and (*hai'ital)l(' woik. He was an active and consistent niemher 
of the P]piscopa! elini'cli at West New l)iii>hton, and served in 
tlie cajiacity of vestryman foi- a nnnilier of years. 

Eugene Du Bois was married at the Erastns Brooks home- 
stead, AVest New Brigliton. New York. Apiil 4, 1872, to Anna 
(Jreeideaf Brooks, l)orn July 1<S, 184.1. (hnighter of Erastns and 
^[argaret (C'rancli) Brooks, and the issue of this marriage was 
three children, as follows: Margaret. liorn Sei)tember 29, 1874; 
Arthur, born January 12, 1877, referred to hereinafter; and 
Eugene Eloyd, horn .June 4. 1882, a graduate of Harvard Col- 
lege, and now a student of the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons of New York City, class of 1905. 

Arthur Du Bois. eldest son of Eugene and Anna (Jre;^n- 
leaf (Brooks) Du Bois, was born at the family homestead of his 
maternal grandfather. Erastus Brooks, at West New Brighton, 
borough of Biclnnond, New York, January 12. 1877. He at- 
tended the Staten Island Academy of New Brighton, grad- 
uating from the latter institution at the age of seventeen yeaj's. 
He then entered Harvard College and in 1898 was graduated 
from that institution with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and 
from the law department thereof in the class of 1901. He estab- 
lished an office for the i)ractice of his profession in New York 
City, has gained a place for himself among his professional 
brethren, and his prospective future seems full of promise and 
assured success. He is faithful to the trust reposed in him by 
his numerous clients, and his perfect understanding of all the 
technicalities of law makes his services of the utmost value. 

Arthur Du Bois was married July 21. 1901, to Helen 
Sturges, born Api-il 9, 1876, a daughtei- of George and Mary 
(Delafield) Sturges, and three children have blessed this miion: 
John Delafield Du Bois, born January 24. 1908; Helen Du Bois, 
born January 22, 1904. died June 28, 1904; :\Iarvin Sturges Du 
l^ois, born December 5, 19()(i. 



James Dn Bois, the eigiith child and fourth son of Henry 
and Catharine (Powles) Dn Bois, was born at the family home- 
steach Xo. Till Ilanunoud street, now west Kkn-enth street. New 
York city, Octohei- ."!. T^-H. He was educated in the school of 
his native city, and at the a.ue of sixteen began the practical 
duties of life. His first employment was with the tirm of Du 
Bois k Hendrix. who were at that time the leading dock builders 
of New York harbor. At the age of twenty-six James Du Bois 
became a member of his father's firm, Du Bois & Hendrix, and 
hiter of the fii'ni of Du Bois tS: Sons, witli whom he continued 
for some time, and then engaged in business on his own account. 
At present James Du Bois is engaged in the sewer department 
of tlie l)orougli of Brooklyn in the capacity of inspector. Fra- 
ternally James Du Bois is a member of the Free and Acee])ted 
]\Iasons. having attained the thirty-second degree of the order, 
and also a member of the Eoyal Arch Masons, and of the 
Knights of Honor. 

Mr. Dn Bois was married in 1864 to Eliza Parker, daughter 
of Ira and P^liza Parker, and of this marriage was born one 
daughter, Lani'a Du Boi-^. lioni in 18(i5, who mai'ried George B. 
Roach, and of this union there was issue. Eliza (Parker) Dn 
Bois. faithful wife ajid mother, died in 18()0. and Mr. Du Bois 
married (secoiidly). in 1S7(), ^largaret Dates, daughter of Abra- 
liam and Maria Dates, of Fishkill Landing. Putnam t-ounty. Xew 
York. Of this union there was no issue. Mr. Du Bois married 
(tliii'd) Annie Longman, danghtei- of Samuel Longmr.n. 


Charles A. Du Bois, a prominent real estate limkcr. with 
commodious offices located at Xo. 17S0 Amsterdam a\'enne. in 


the city of New Voi-k, dest'endant of tlie family whose history is 
ht'fore liivcii. tiaccs liis lineage from Louis Du Bois, sixth son 
and ninth child of Louis (2) and Cathei-ine (P>lanshan) Du Bois. 
Louis Du l)(iis \v:is horn in 1(177. He married, January 19, 1701, 
Kaehel Hashrouck. daughter of Aliraham and ^Taria (Deyo) 
Hashrouek, tlie former a patentee. Tjouis died in 1717. 

Nathaniel Du Bois, second child of Louis (3) and Rachel 
(Hashrouck) Du liois, was l)orn :\hiy (5, 1703, died :\ray VI, 1763. 
In 1738 he hed the rank of ca])tain. He married, May LJ, 1726, 
Gertrude ((iertruy) Bruyn, daugliter of Jaeol)US Bruyn. 

Major Zachariah Du Bois, tliird cliild of Xathauiel (4) and 
(lertrude (I'ruyn) Du Bois, was horn Octolter .'51, 1734, died 
A)>ril 10. 17S."). He held tlie rank of major in the Orange C^ounty 
-Militia Regiment, which was under the connnand of his hrother- 
in-law. ( 'olo'icl Woodiiull. in 177(!. under (Jovernoi' Clinton. 
He served until 1780, was taken prisoner Octoher (!, 1777, at 
Fort AFor.tgomery. His Bihie is now in the i^ossession of one of 
his descendants — Charles A. Du Bois. He married, December 
22, 1756. Anclie Van Duzer. 

(Jenei'nl Xathauiel Du Bois, tenth child of Major Zachariah 
(.")) and Anche (Van Duzcr) Du Bois, was horn November 18, 
1773. died Atay 10, 1848. He married (tirst), March 28. 1797, 
Helen Du Bois, who died June 5, 1810. ^NTarried (second) Mar- 
garet, widow of Djuiiel Lockwood. He had children: 1. Zach- 
ariah. see forward. 2. Petei-, remained unmarried. 3. Abi-aham, 
mari-ied LTannah Wright. 4. Nathaniel, unmarried. 5. Ellen, 

Zachariah Du B>ois, eldest child of (lencral Xathauiel (6) 
and ilclen ( Du Bois) Du Bois, was horn April 10, 1798, died 
July 26, 182S. He married, December IT), ISKi (1819?), Ruth 
Dodge, dau.ghtei' of -lolin P. I>odge, sistei' of Levy Dodge, and 
granddaughter of ijcvy Dodge, who was a lie uteuaut in the New 


Ham])sliii(' Line in tlie Continental anuy, and settled in Xew- 
Inii-g. after the war. Their cliihli-eii were: 1. Xatlianiel A., 
horn De.-eniher iT). 1820, died May 11. 1 !)()!. -2. Helen, horn 
April 1^'). T^:]:2, died January lM, 1S71. ."!. dohn P., see forward. 
4. Hnth, horn May 4, IHliC., died June 2o, 18(io. 

John P. Du Bois, second son and third cliiM of Zadiai-iah 
(7) and Piitli (Dodge) l)n Bois, was horn January 20, 1824, 
died Felnuai'y ."), 1872, at Xewhurg, Xew York. He married, 
April 27, 1847, Amanda Lawn Jackson, at Xorth Ahiugdon 
Square, Xew \'oi'k t ity, and had children: 1. (reorge C, nu- 
marrieci, deceased. 2. HHa, unmarried, deceased. ;'. .John, un- 
married. 4. Charles A., see forward, o. Nathaniel A., un- 
married, tleceased 

Captain Charles A. Du Bois, tliird son and tVnirth child of 
John P. (8) and Amanda Lawn (Jackson) Du Bois, was horn in 
Xewhurg, Xew York, July ;>, 18(il. His education was acquired 
in the schools of his native town, and he commenced his business 
career in an office on \\'all street, Xew York. He suhseiiuently 
became a member of the Consolidated Kxcliange, retaining his 
memliership in this hody until 1888, when lie sold his seat and 
since that time has given his entire time and attention to the real 
estate business, iii which he has been most eminently successful. 
He became a meml)er of Company L, Twenty-second Regiment, 
Xational Ouard of the State of Xew York, and advanced regu- 
larly through the various grades until he had attained the rank 
of captain, in Company' F. He was rendered a sui)ernumerary 
officer in 18!)(). He is a consistent memliei- of the Harlem Pres- 
I)yterian church, and is connected in various ways with the fol- 
lowing organizations: AVashington Contijiental Society of For- 
eign A\'ars, Holland Society, American Scenic and Historic 
Pi'esei'\'ation Society, Hudson-Fulton Celebration Commission; 
Xew Yiirk Historical Society. He is an officer of the ( )l(l (iuaid 


Battalion of New Vorl:, and an execntive officer of the Twenty- 
second Eegiment Association, National Gnard, New York, vice- 
president of Cajitain Joel C*ooke Association, and a member of 
the board of managers of the Empire State Society, Sons of the 
American Kevolution. 

Captain l)u Bois married, Jnly 6, 1893, M. Louise Jones, 
daughter of Israel C. and Phel^e ( Brush) Jones, the former a 
descendant ol' an old Connecticut family, and the latter of an 
old Long Island family. They have no children. Mrs. Du Bois 
is a member of the Knickerbocker Chapter, Daughters of the 
American Revolution. 


Elias Du Bois, inspector of the floating department of the 
Erie Eailroad Company, of Jersey City, New Jersey, which 
company regards him as one of their most efficient and competent 
officials, was born at Poughkeepsie, New York, January 4, 1837. 
The pioneer ancestor of this family was Louis Du Bois, and 
the representatives of tliis branch in succeeding generations 
were Solomon, Benjamin, Isaac, Joel, Jeremiah. Elias. 

Joel Du Bois (grandfather) was a native of Dutchess 
county, New Y'ork, as was also his wife, whose mai<len name was 
-Maria Romaine. Their son. Jeremiah Du Bois (father), was 
l)orn in the city of Pougiikeepsie, New Y^ork, November 24, 1814, 
died October 4, 183(). He received a common school education, 
and then learned tlie trade of carpeiite)-, which line of work he 
pursued throughout his active career. He was united in mar- 
riage to Ann V. Kerr, who bore him two sons: 1. Joel, born 
July 10, 1835. married Sarah ^"an Benschoten, of Dutchess 
( i)unty. New York, and their (hiughter. Ehnira Du Bois, became 
the wife of Horace Sague. '1. Elias, Itorn .lannary 4, 18.')7. 

Elias Du l>ois was reared to manhood vear> at the familv 


liuiuestead in Poughkeeiisie. His educational training was olj- 
tained in the seliools of his native city, and at tlie age of seven- 
teen years he took up the practical duties of life. His first occu- 
pation was in the capacity of stationary engineer at Pough- 
keepsie, and in this line of work lie displayed an aptitude and 
thorough knowledge of its pi'actical as well as technical features 
and soon became known as a competent and reliable engineer. 
In 1S60 he went to Buffalo, Xew York, and there filled the posi- 
tion of steamship engineer, and in 1861 came to Xew York city 
and served in a similar capacity up to 1867, when he entered the 
em})loy of the Erie Eailroad Company. He at first filled the 
position of engineer on one of their tug boats, continuing as 
such until 1882, when he was promoted to that of chief engineei 
of the fioating equipment of the company, and held that position 
continuously up to October, 1906. when he was appointed to the 
position of inspector of the floating department. .Mr. Du Bois 
is a man of sti'ict integrity, carefully looks after the interests 
of liis employers, and stands high in the esteem of his fellow- 
men. He is an active membei- of Jersey (_'ity Lodge, Xo. 74^ 
Free and Aecei)ted Masons, of which he was one of the incor- 
porators in 1866, and a member of Garfield Lodge, X'^o. 65, Inde- 
jiendent Order of Odd Fellows. 

^Ir. Du Bois married, June 12, 18o(), Kntli Satterlee, and 
they were the parents of two daughters: Julia, born June lo, 
1857, died June l29, 1857. l\uth, l)orn January 17, 1859, wife 
of Ohailes Jobes. and mother i»f one daughter, Emma Jobes. 
Mrs. Du Bois, who faitlifuUy performed the duties of wife and 
mother, died January 31. 1859. ^Ir. Du Bois married (second), 
January 'I'l. 1865. Mary E. Lewis, born December 21, 1842, 
daughter of John and Sarah A. (l>entley) Lewis. Their i-hil- 
dren are: Edward E., born Octol)er 6, 1865, at Poughkeepsie, 
X"ew York, married Laura Kearney, born December 12, 1871, 


and tlu'y aic tlic ]) ircnts of one daughter, Laura, l)()ru June li), 
IS*)."!, ("linrlcs A., Ijorn Mardi .''.1, ISH?, at Poughkeepsie, New 
York, umriied Margaret TIall, and li;is one son, C'lmrles A., Jr., 
horn July 12, 1S<)!). John L., l)Oi-n May 2, 1S77, at Jersey City, 
New Jerse\', married Anna ^lalvie, widow of Mr. Bh^odwort, 
and luis one (hiugliter, Edna. Itorn JuiU' !), 'WMVA. 

JAirm BEVIKK \)V P.( )1S. 

Louis Bevier Ou Bois. a retired 1)usiness man of Jersey 
City. New Jersov, traces liis ancestry to Louis and Catharine 
(Bhiu.iean) Du Bois, whose son. Jacol) l)u Bois, married Gerrity 
((ierritzt') (iarriston. Among tlieir cliihlren was a son, 
Jolmannis, wlio married Juchtli AVynkoo]), and their son C^or- 
nelius married Gertrude A^an Vechten Van Vleet, and they in 
turn were tlie jiarents of a son Derick, grandfatlier of T^ouis B. 
Du Bois. 

Deriek Du Bois (grandfather) was horn at Hurley, Ulster 
county. New York, Septemher 2, 1778, and was haptized at 
Kingston, New York, Septemher 20. 1778. He was married 
August 21, 180!>. hy the T?ev. John Gosman, to Evalina Van 
A'^echten Suyland, horn at Hurley, Twister county. New York, 
,)une 9. 1789. and hai)tized June 28. 1789, hy the Rev. J. G. L. 
Doll. They were tlie parents of Oliver Granville, referred to 
hei-einafter. Berick Ihi Bois died at his home in Kingston, 
New York, Deeemher 24, 185(). He was survived many years 
l)y his wife, who ])assed aAvay at Kingston, Oetoher 14, 18()8. 

Oliver Granville Bu Bois. father of Louis B. Du Bois, was 
horn at Hurley, Ulster county. New Yc^rk, August 2, 181(5, and 
hai)tized at Kingston. New York. Oetoher .'!, 18l(), l)y the Rev. 
John (losnuin. Fie married at Marhletown, Lister county. New 
York, Fel)ruary 12, ISiJo, Catharine Bevier, ))orn at Marl)letown, 
New York, Novemher 11, 1812. Seven children were the issue 


of tliis marriage, as follows: Harriet Evaline, married Abram 
Wood. Louis Bevier, referred to hereinafter. An infant who 
died in early life, ^[ary Gertrude, mai'ried Henry A. ^lerritt. 
Robert AVallaee. niari'ied S:irah Dailing. ^ifao-daline Bevier, 
mai'ried Fornam Burhans. Louisa Jane, died 1856. The 
])'^rents of these ciiildren died at Kingston, Xew ^'ork, August 29, 
1885. and March L'. LSli!) respectively. 

Ijouis Bevier Du IJois was l)orn at Junius, a small village 
near "Waterloo, Seneca county, Xew York, Se])tember 16, 1838. 
His early education was ac(|uired in tlie schools of the neiglibor- 
hood. and this knowledge was sni>i)]emented by a course of study 
in the academy at Kingston, which lie attended u]-) to the age of 
seventeen years. Lie then took up the ]n'actical duties of life, 
gaining his first exjjerience in mercantile i)ursuits by entering 
the emjiloy of Sampson & Baldwin, iron mercliants, New York 
city. Tn 1876 he engaged in Inisiuess on his own account in the 
manufacture of chains of various kinds and deseri])tions in 
Jerse>' City, Xew Jersey, continuing along this line and meet- 
ing with fair success u]) to 1897, since which time he has led a 
retired life, enjoying to the full the consciousness of diities well 
and taitlifully ])erformed, and the competence acquired by means 
of lioiiora.ble business methods, p^or a period of thirty-six years 
Mr. Du Bois has l)een a member of Bergen Lodge. Xo. 47. Free 
and .\cce])ted Masons, of Jersey City, X"ew Jersey. 

In Xew \i.n-\\ city, August "JO. ISli,"'. ^Ir. Du Bois was mar- 
ried to Elizabeth A. King, born in Xew "^'ork city, February 18, 
1810, daughter of Francis and Hilary A. King, and their ciiildren 
are: Kate H., Louis Bevier. Jr., deceased. Mary A., deceased. 
H ittie Estelle, deceased. Lizzie Bevier. Flla May. married 
('onielin-^ D. Kay and theii- children are: ("litTord Bevier and 
]\:'.\niond (Jordon Ka\'. Louis !>aile>'. married dane Agatha 
^h)dden and their ciiildren ai'e F^telle Bevier, .lane .\siatha and 


T.ouis Bevier \h\ Bois. Thomas King. Hariy Gri'anville. Robert 
Wallace. Mr. ])u Bois and his family are members of the Dutch 
Keformed church in Jersey City, New Jersey. 


Edward Du Bois, whose name introduces this review, is a 
well known and highly respected citizen of Xew York city, and 
is a descendant of an old Huguenot family whose ancestors were 
among tlie early settlers of the Hudson River Valley. 

p]dward Du Bois. whose name is at the head of this sketch, 
was born at Catskill, (Ireene county, Xew York, March 10, 1836. 
His parents were Ira and Mary (Rogers) Du Bois, the latter 
l)eing a daughter of Charles and Mary (Clark) Rogers, who 
were among the early Colonial settlers who came from Connecti- 
cut to Greene and I'lster counties. New York. The father, Ira 
Du Bois, was a son of John Dn Bois, of whose antecedents more 
is written in this work. 

Edward Du Bois was educated in the schools of his native 
village and was reared to the years of early manhood under the 
jiarental roof. At the age of sixteen he entered the employ of 
Chailes ]j. Beach, proprietor of the Catskill ^lountain House, at 
Catskill. where he remain.ed for seven years. In 1861 the young- 
clerk, wishing to see and learn more of city life, came to New 
York, and here entered the employ of W. B. Cozzens, remaining 
here for some time. He next went to Chicago, Illinois, where 
he engaged in the hotel business, becoming the pro})rietor of 
the Adams House, corner of Lake and ^lichigan avenues. After 
some time in this line of enterprise he again came east, and was 
engaged as a commercial traveler for some time, and then took 
up the real estate business in Xew York city, in which line of 
enterprise be has met with n well merited degree of success, be- 
coming well known for his straightforward and honoral)le Inisi- 


ness methods. In addition to Ills varied bnsiness interests Mr. 
Dn Bois lias ])een actively engaged in local political affairs, and 
is an active snpporter of the pi'incii)les of the Eepnhlican party. 
Fidward Du P.ois was married in New York city, October 2, 
]8()2. to Anna P)oui'kc. danglitei' of Patrick and Mary (Mc- 
Namara) Bonrke. Anna (P»oni'ke) Dn Rois died Sei)teml)er 2."), 


The active hnsiness career of the late The()])hilus Francis 
Du Pois, a dv\ goods merchant of New York city for more than 
three decades, gained for him a re])ntation in commercial circles 
as a man of reliability, integrity, ability and worth. He was 
l>oi'n in the city of Xew Orleans, .Ponisiana, October '1\, PS82, 
the only child of Nicholas and Amanda (Partigne) Du Bois, who 
were highly respected m the connnnnity by all with whom they 
were bronoht in contact. Nicholas Dn Bois was a mason and 
bnihler by occnjiation, and a man of exemplar}' character, fnP 
tilling c'cb duty in life to the best of his ability. 

Theophilus F. Du Bois was educated in the pulilic schools 
of his native city, and at the early age of fourteen he took up 
the practical duties of life on his own ac<'ount. Pie s])ent his 
early manhood years in the city of his nativity, and at the break- 
ing out of the Civil war enlisted in the Confederate army in the 
ninety days' service, being a member of the New Orleans 
Guards, which organization took an active i»art in the tii-st battle 
of Shiloli. All'. Du I)ois was wounded u])on the second day of 
his engagement, after which he was sent to the hospital and then 
returned liome. .Vfter the surrender of New Orleans to the 
Pnit)n forces he was given the privilege of taking allegifUice tt> 
his country, but bis loyalty to tlic cause of the Confederac)" 
})revented him from so doing, and be was held in captivity for 


sonic time. Imt was Hiially paroled. He again joined the Con- 
federate army and served nntil the tei-inination of liostilities, 
having taken part in nian\' of tlie princi})al engagements in the 
south during tlie latter i)art of the confiirt. rpon his return 
liome to Xew Orleans he engaged in mercantiU' pursuits and 
continued the same until lS(i(!, during whicli time he nuide 
numerous flips to the city of Xew York to ])urchase goods for 
the soutliern trade. Pie tlien ojjcned an otiHce in Xew York city 
and continued in tlie wholesale (lr>- goods trade u]» to his death, 
which occurred May 8, 1898. 

Mr. Du Bois was married, l)ecenil)er 2l*, 18r)r), in Xew 
Orleans. Louisiana, to Kvalina reiie. horn January 18, 1837, 
one of the two daughters of John P^leuryn Pene. Seven children, 
five sons and two daughters, were the issue of this marriage, as 
follows: Alice, died at the age of six years and ten months. 
Henry Pene, a i)rominent art critic of X^ew York city; he mar- 
ried Laura flayne. who hore him two children: and Guy 

Du Bois. George .loseph, married Blanche Hayne, who hore 
him four children: Hita, X'ina. George and Eobert Du Bois. 
Edmund John, married Clara Gildemeister, who bore him two 
children: Klla and Peter John Du Bois. Lillian Marie. Leouee 
Francis. Sidney Albert, married Alice Vallet. 


Among the representative business men of the city of Xew 
York whose zeal, integrity and ability have brought to them 
large returns for labor expended may l)e mentioned the name of 
George J. Dubois, who was born in X'^ew Orleans, Louisiana, 
Fel)ruary 22, 1861, the third child and second son in the family 
of Theo])liilus and Evalina (Pene) Duboi>^, also natives of X"ew 

(ieori>e J. Dubois attended the schools of his native citv 


until the age of twelve years, when lie came to Xew York with 
his i)areiits and for three years thereafter was a student in the 
schools of Brooklyn. Xew York. He gained liis first experience 
in the practical duties of life by entering the employ of Cazade, 
Crooks & Eeynaud, wholesale wine merchants of Xew York cit}', 
and while serving in the capacity of clerk ac(piired a thorough 
knowledge of the various details of the importing as well as 
the domestic trade of the wine business. In 188(i, upon the dis- 
solution of the firm of Cazade, Crooks »& Keynaud, Mr. Dubois 
entered the employ of Emil Schultze & Company, remaining 
for a period of two years, and at the expiration of this time 
became an employe of F. Arnault, the renowned California wine 
dealer, with whom he remained about nine years, and during all 
these many years of his connection with this particular line of 
business gained a vast amount of knowledge which aided him 
materially in conducting his own Imsiness. Upon the death of 
Mr. Arnault, Mr. Dubois succeeded to the Ijusiness, which con- 
sisted of a successful ini])orting and domestic trade, and since 
then to the present time (IJiO.')) has been the sole proprietor of 
the same. 

.Mr. Dubois married. January '3), lcS,S3, IJIanclie flague, born 
^larcli 29, 1803, daughter of .Joseph and Marie (Duclos) Hague, 
the former of English and the latter of French extraction. Their 
children are: Hita F.. boni July L'7, 1884; Xina M.. born 
June 20. F88(J: (Jeorge J.. Jr.. boi-n April 5, FS94; Robert Sidney, 
boi-n Xovember ."'O, lS!t(i. 


Jules Du Dois is a splendid exam]ile of the p)'ogressiveness 
and enterprise of the Freucli-Aiuericau citizens who have con- 
tributed much to the (•(tnuneicia! interests of Xew York city. 
^Ir. 1 )u l>ois was boni in A>nieres, a su])urb of Paris, France. 


August 14, 1863, and is one of a family of three children of 
Jules and Antoinette (Kobert) Du Bois. His brother Edward, 
married Laura Cook and resides in Brighton, England. The 
third cliild of tliis family, Charles l)n Bois, died February 8, 
1895, at the age of twenty-three years. The father died Au- 
gust 20, 1905, at the age of seventy-one, at Brighton, England. 
The mother still survives and resides with her son Edward at 
Brighton, England. 

Jules Du Bois received his educational training in the 
schools of Paris, where he also studied chemistry for some time, 
l^pon attaining his majority in 18S4. he decided to seek his for- 
tune in the United States, and accordingly sailed for New York 
city, landing here in May of the same year. Having been accus- 
tomed to an active life, he at once took up employment, and has 
by his industry, thrift and tidelity to duty advanced himself to 
})ositions of res})onsil)ility and trust. In 1902 he was instru- 
mental in incorporating the Xew York Moulding Manufacturing 
Company, and at present is vice-president, secretary and man- 
ager of the corporation. Mr. Du Bois is a member of the Free 
and Accepted Masons, having l)ecome identified with the order 
in London, England. 

Jules Du Bois married, March 3, 1888, Cecile Zemp, a 
native of Switzerland, born A])ril 2, 18(38, daughter of Jean and 
Christine (Bienz) Zemp. Their children are: Jules, Jr., born 
July 3, 1890; Charles E., born October 18, 1892; and Helene, 
l)orn December 14, 1895. Mr. and Mrs. Du Bois attend St. 
John's Episcopal church in West Hoboken, Xew Jersey, where 
tliey reside. 


The first of this In-anch of the Du Bois family to come to 
America was Francis Du Bois, who was a native of Switzerland, 

T'ts Jif^is TLiJitsTitr.^ Cu 


liorn in the Canton of Xeufeliatel, reared and educated there, 
and upon attaining nianliood years learned the trade of wateli 
making, an art in wliich tiie Swiss peoi)le have h)ng iK'en re- 

In 1831 Francis Du Bois came to America and settled in 
New York, wliich city as a center of trade and commerce alforded 
him spl('n(li<l ()i)[)()rtuHity in his calling. Soon after his arrival 
here he engaged in business with his brothei- Frederick, and 
finally established an office and store at the corner of John and 
(jrold str(>ets. In this undertaking the two brothers met with 
innnediate >U('cess. the result of their skill and straightfoi'wai'd 
Inisiness methods, and the name of Du Bois was everywhere 
regarded in the jewelry trade as a synonym for honest business 
dealings. In 1837 Francis Du Bois purchased a fine residence 
on First street, l:)etween South Xintli and Tenth streets, in the 
Nineteenth ward, Brooklyn, and later ])urehased the i)remises 
at the cornei' of South Ninth and Roebling streets, where the 
family resided for many years and which became known as the 
Du Bois family homestead, and here Francis Du Bois and his 
wife both passed away. He was a s])lendid tyi)e of the American 
citizen. Born and reared in a land of lil)erty, he always was 
loyai to the institutions of his adopted country, lie was (piiet 
and reserved in his habits, and was highly respected by his 
neighbors and friends. He took an active interest in the mnterial 
growth and develo[)me]it of Willinnisbuig, now a part of Brook- 
lyn. He was a member of the board of directors of the W'illiams- 
burgh Fire Insurance C'omxiany, and was also instiuniciital in 
the establishment of the Williamsbui-g ferries. He was one of 
the organizers and founders of the "Societie (ienei'ale Suisse." 
He passed away April 9, 187f). 

Francis Du Bois married Klzii'e Leulia. who bore iiiiii four 
children, three of whom attained yeai's of niatuiit}': Francis, 


who at i)rc'seiit resides in I'aris; George AV., of this i-eview; and 
Lucy, unmarried, died April 'i:\, 1903. The mother of the afore- 
mentioned children died March 20, 1876. Both parents were 
regular attendants (»!' tlie Bedford Avenue Reformed Church in 

(leorge W. Du IJois was horn at the family homestead in 
Brooklyn, ^larch lo, 1830. Pie ac(iuired his early mental train- 
ing in the schools of the Kastern District, Brooklyn, and then 
entered the Polytechnic Institute, which he attended for some 
time, and then entered his father's office at o6 Maiden Lane, 
New Voi-k. Here he aiMpiired a thorough knowledge of the 
various details of the trade, domestic as well as the importation 
of fine vSwiss watches and jewelry. He took an active interest- 
in the material welfare of the neighborhood, and for a number 
of years was a director of the Lafayette Fire Insurance Com- 
pany of Brookl\n. He closely emulated the policies and prin- 
ciples established l)y his father, and in every way proved himself 
a most worthy scion of a wortliy sire. In 1870 he purchased a 
house and grounds at Elm Place, next to the residence of his 
father-in-law, Rev. E. S. Porter, both places now belonging to 
Mrs. Du Bois. He spent the latter years of his life at the family 
homestead in the Xineteenth ward, Brooklyn, where he passed 
away, March 14, 1887. During his l)rief and useful career he 
had traveled considerably both in the United States and in 
Euro})e, where he had a wide circle of friends. He was a chris- 
tian gentleman, a regular and staunch supporter of the Bed- 
ford Avenue Reformed Cliurch, a member of the Consistory 
and a teacher in the Sunday school. His untimely death was 
monrned 1.)y a large number of friends in trade circles as well 
as in the neigh1)orhood of his home. At the time of his death it 
was justly said that he was an upright man, a good citizen, a lov- 
ina: husband and an indulgent father. 


George AV. Du Bois was married in Brooklyn by Kev. El- 
bert Stothoff Porter, I). 1)., l)eoeml)er lU, 1874-, to Miss Susan 
Kntlihoiie Porter, l)oi-n Jnne 1, 1853, daughter of Pev. Elbert 
Stotliolf and Eliza Kittle (Wynkoop) Porter. Of this marriage 
were born three children: 1. Francis Elbert, of whom a sketch 
appears elsewhere in this work. '1. Susan Porter, l)orn Septem- 
ber 7, 1876. 3. Lucy Elzire, born June 15, 1879, died at \^evay, 
Switzerland, February 3, 1884. The motber of the aforemen- 
tioned children survives her worthy husband and resides in TjCX- 
ington avenue, New York City. She is a member of the Plen- 
drick Hudson Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution, also her daughter, Susan Porter Du Bois, is a member 
of the same chapter. Mrs. Du Bois is a consistent member of the 
South Keformed church. She is a manager of the Woman's 
Board of Foreign Missions of the Keformed Chnicli in Amer- 
ica, and of the Settlement of Christodora House at Xo. 117 
Avenue B, New York City. 

The armorial bearings of the ancient house of Du Bois are 
thus described: Bois (du) de Dunilac-Neufchatel (An. "Jl Sept. 
1855). D'azur a trois fasces d'or (du Bois) ; an fr.-cp d'or. di. 
de trois pals d'azur (du Terraux). L'ecru horde d'or. Ccp 
cour. C. ; un lion iss. d'or tenant de ses ]jattes une banniere anx 
amies du fr.-(p S. : deux lions d'or. 


Rev. Dr. Elbert S. T^orter was born in the town of HillsI)oro. 
New Jersey, Octolier 23, 1820. His early studies were at a 
select school at Ovid, Seneca county, New York, where he was 
sent at six years of age, and at a school in the city of New 
York kept Ity the father of the late distinguished lawyer. James 
T. Brady. When lietween eleven and twelve he went into a stoi-c 
at Millstone, New York, for one yeai'. Aftci' this be attcndt'd 


tlie Academy at Sonu'rville, Xew Jerspy, where he spent three 
years. He entered the soi)liomore class of Princeton College in 
his sixteenth year, and was graduated three years later, in 1839. 
He studied law for a short time, but did not seek admission to 
tlie l)ar. He was graduated in theolog^■ at the Theological Sem- 
inary at Xew Brunswick in 1842. In the same year he was 
licensed by the classis of Xew Brunswick, and in the following 
year was installed at Chatham, in Columbia county, Xew York, 
as pastor of a small missionary congregation. This point is now 
known as Chatham on the Harlem railroad, and the junction of 
the Boston and Albany railroad. At the date of Dr. Porter's 
going there it was a small settlement of a poor and to a con- 
siderable extent vicious population. Filled with zeal in the 
ministerial work, he commenced his labors and met with great 
success. He remained seven years and built up one of the most 
fionrishing of the country churches of the Reformed denomina- 
ti:)ii. Fie next accepted a call to his present church, then know;i 
as the F"'irst Eeformed Dutch Chui'ch in Williamsburgh, of which 
he became the pastor Xovember 1, 1S41>. and has now officiated 
fur many years. 

The history of tins church is very interesting. Its growth 
show-^ the wdudei-ful changes which seventy-five years have pro- 
duced in the entire section now included in the city of Brooklyn. 
In tlie first year of the Inst century. Brooklyn contained only 
three thousand and two hundred and ninety-eight inhabitants, 
:rid in l*^-']! was erected into a cit>" with a ])0])ulation of about 
t\v(iit\-f()ur tlionsand. It then had but one l\eformed Dutch 
chnrcli, where.TS now there are a numl>er of them. In the year 
1S17 a fei-ry was established lietween the lOot of Grand street, 
Xew Voi-k. and the foot of what afterward liecame (Irand street, 
Willii'in-'ungh. Tiinr to that i)eriod the inhabitants crossed 
the river by sail or paddle boats. The ferry soon contributed 


to tlie establisliment of a considerable settlement along the shore 
from (Jrnnt to North Second street, throngh which ran the tiii'n- 
pike to Xewtown. A village charter was ohtaiiicil in 1S-J7, when 
the po])ulation ammnited to ahoiit fiftei^ii hnndi'cd. At that date 
the shore from Wallabont Bay to Xewtown Cieek was dotted 
with comfortable farm honses, occnpied by the old Dntch fami- 
lies. AVilliam^l)iirgli became a city -lannary 1, 1852, and it was 
coiisolidatcil with IJi'ooklyii and [)nshwi('k unchM- one charter, 
•lanuary 1. IS."),'). At the date of tlie consolidation Williams- 
bnrgh liad a popnlation of abont lifty thonsand, and IJrooklyn 
aJiout one hmidred and twenty thonsand. The entire population 
at this time is abcut fonr hundred thousand. 

The church in Williamslnirgh grew out of the First Ke- 
formed Dntch Churcli of Rushwick. On the 2Stli of September, 
1828. the cornerstone of a church edifice was laid on a site which 
is now on the corner of Fourth and South Second streets. It 
was dedicated on the 2rith of July, 1829, the Rev. Dr. Broadhead, 
of Xew York, ))reacliing the sermon. The congregation was or- 
ganized as a seijarate church l)y the classis of Long Island on the 
1st of X'ovember, 182!). hnmediately after its organization the 
church received into it< service the Rev. James Demarest. who 
for the tii'st six months sei'ved in the capacity of a missionary, 
and was supported in part by the Board of Domestic Missions. 
( >n the tirst Sabbath of his labors he preached to sixteen peo])le, 
on the second to eighteen, and on the third to twenty-foui'. At 
that date the building was remote from the village, which was 
forming around and above the foot of (Iraud street. Fourth 
street was then but a fai'uu'r's lane---rougli, uneven with boul- 
ders and studded here and thei-e witli stumps oi- with ti-ees of the 
oi'iginal forest. Flagged sidewalks and pavements as yet there 
were none. Rev. Mr. Demarest labored as missionary and pas- 
tor foi- nine vears and nine months, when he resigned. The pas- 


torate was next filled l)y the Key. William H. Van Doren, who 
remained nntil the sprint'; of 184!), abont ten years. In the 
spring' of the same year imi)ortant improvements of the ehureh 
edifice wei'e completed. The installation of Dr. Porter took 
place on the third Snnday of Deeemlier, 1849, and his ministry 
has l)een the most noted in the history of the ehni'cli. In ]841> 
Williamsjinrgh was still a small place. The streets were nn- 
lighted by niglit save only when the moon relieved the dark- 
ness. Since then every one of the local institutions has been 
established, sncli as ))anks, markets, libraries and associations 
for pnhlic beneficence. The clmrches were few and their mem- 
bershii) not large. 

From an early date the First Church contributed its mem- 
bers and its means to found other churches. The First Presby- 
terian Church of AVilliamsburgh grew out of it; in 1848 twenty- 
three members were dismissed to form the churcli at (Treen})oint ; 
in 18.")! several were dismissed to aid in the organization of the 
South Bushwick Church, and in 18,14 members were dismissed 
to f(mnd the Lee Avenue Churcb. For several years contribu- 
tions were made to the salaries of the ministei's of both the last 
named churches. In 1855 a Mission Sunday school was estab- 
lished in Ninth street, which has since been maintained in great 
vigor and efficiency at an exi)ense of never less than five hundred 
dollars per annum. The church has repeatedly given its assist- 
ance, ]>ecuniarily and otherwise, in other practical efforts of 
religious usefulness. 

In 1854 the si)ire of the church was })rostrated by a tornado. 
Subsequently the edifice was enlarged and improved at a cost of 
about five thousand dollars in all. fn 18()0 a contract was made 
for the purchase of a new site for a new edifice, when the war 
arrested furthei- movements. In July, 1866, the church on 
Fourth street was sold to the Central l)ai)tist congregation, and 


in SepteinlxT, ]S(J7, the fouiidatioiis of a new edifice were coiii- 
meneed on the site purdiased in ISGU. This site consists of seven 
lots, fonr on Bedford avenue and three on Clymer street, one 
of the most select and liiijlily impi'oved neighhorhodds of the city 
at that time. Tlie cornerstone was laid in July, 1868, and the 
completed church was dedicated in October, 1869, and cost, with 
a chapel adjoining, one hundred and thirty thousand dollars. 
The building is in the Ht)manes(jiie style of architecture, and is 
one hundred and ten feet long (exclusive of the chapel) by 
seventy feet wide. The whole front on Bedford avenue, includ- 
ing towers, is eighty-two feet. On the northwest corner tliere 
is a tower ninety-eight feet liigh. and on the opposite corner 
is a large turret seventy-eight feet high. The basement is built 
of Belleville stone and the walls above the basement are faced 
up with Philadelphia pressed brick, and trimmed with Dorchest- 
er stone. The audience room is eiglity-seven feet ]>y sixty-seven 
in the clear. The windows are filled witli enriched glass. The 
first floor is seated with walnut pews of the most approved pafc- 
tei-n. There are galleries on three sides having liandsome 0})en- 
work fronts made of walnut and butternut woods. These are 
unlike most galleries in that they are constructed with one level 
floor the entire width, in place of the usual style with platforms 
graded one above the other. This level gallery is divided into 
s]iaces of about eight by eight feet each, with light 0{)en 1)alustar 
railings, carpeted the same as the first floor, each space furnished 
with walnut upholstered cliairs and a small center table, thus 
making the gallery the most attractive portion of the iiouse. 
These spaces have been I'ented for an aggregate sum of tliree 
thousand dollars. The building is pi'ovided with a new system 
of ventilation. The walls and ceilings are richly tinted with deli- 
cate hues. The cliurch seats fifteen hundi'ed and the chapel ac- 
commodates six hundi-ed. Three hundred and twentv-five dollars 


l)reminin was ))ai(l for the choice of tlie first pew at the sale of 
them. Taken as a wliole, this is one of the most elegant and 
connnodious edifices of the kind to Ite found in the Tnited States. 

During the day of dedication three imposing and largely 
attended services took place in the church. Dr. Porter preached 
the ])rincipal sermon, the Kev. Dr. De Witt delivered an address 
and the dedication sentences and jirayer. and Chancellor Isaac 
Fen-is delivered an affecting and approin-iate address to the 
congregation. There are now about foui- hundred memljers and 
each of the two Sunday scliools has about two hundred schohirs. 

Dr. Porter received his degree of Doctor of Divinity from 
Rutgers College, New Bnuiswick, in 1S54. For fourteen years 
he was the editor of the "Christian Intelligencer," the organ of 
the reformed denomination. His career as an editor was bril- 
liant in the extreme, and when lie resigned this position both the 
religious and secular press united in an expression of the highest 
regard for his character and talents. Besides his editorial writ- 
ings he has {)ulilished in serial form a "Hisfory of the Reformed 
Dutch Clauvh in the Ignited States," the "Pastor's Guide," and 
other small volumes and various occasional sermons. One of 
these latter is a "Historical Discourse," delivered on the final 
services in the old church, and is of much value fiH)m its 
historical information. Dr. I'orter was the president of the 
first General Synod held after the name of the denomination 
was changed from the Reformed Church to the Reformed Churcli 
of North America. He had a beautiful farm of sixty acres at 
Claverack, in Columljia county, which was well managed and 
made jU'ofitable by the jicrso!! in charge. 

\)v. I^)rter had an equally ])roportioned figure of the aver- 
aue liei<4lit. He had a (juiet plain appearam-e, but his whole 
manner assured you that he Avas a man of l)oth dignity and force 
of character. His head was long with a sharp chin, but much 


fullness in the upper poi'tion. The features were prominent and 
expressive. His liead and face proclaimed thi-ee distinctive 
and strong- (jualities in him. In the first phice, he was a thor- 
ouulily conscientious man in the performance of every duty in 
life; second, he was strong in his own self-reliance; and third, 
his mind was clear, comprehensive and practical on all occasions 
and on all subjects, lie was never found wanting' in any place 
that dnt_\- called liini and in the chni-ch and everywhere he was 
one of those who naturally take the position of a leader and 
examiile to other men. In his conversation, in his cahnness and 
metliod, which, after all, was not unmixed with caution, you 
obtained a \ ivid insight into the moral and physical power which 
was inljorn in him. He was not demonstrative or presumptuous, 
l)ut (piiet. unobtrusive and modest. Agreeable, cordial and f i-ank 
in his manners, they were not of a kind to draw any special atten- 
tion ui)on him. But when work was to be done, when cool, prac- 
tical judgment was wanted, when a champion and a hero were re- 
(piired, tlien he came to the front with his strong neiwe, bis will- 
ing mind and hands and his brn\e and lu)peful heart. 

His work in the ministrx' stands nobly conspicuous in the 
religious record of his times for its fidelity and success. It has 
not l)een a work of show and boastfulness, but one which will 
spe:dv t'lrongh all denominational history for its usefulness to 
the chuich and the community. His sermons excelled in both 
leariiing and literary ability. He wi'ote in an elegant, compact 
and foi'cilile -^tyle of coniposition. showing the ready pen a.nd 
enlarged and Inilliant mental poweis. Whatevci' he displaced 
ai)peared in thought and argument which were pi'culi:u-'\- bis 
own. There \\as no seeming effort and no disjibiN'. but bis jilcas- 
ant How of tender language and bis logical and seiisihl," \-ii'ws 
never fai'ed to arrest a.ll ears. 

Kev. HIbert S. Porter served as chaplain of the Forty-.sev- 


eiitli Regiment of Brooklyn. New York, ^'ol^nteel•s, under Col- 
onel Jeremiah ^leserole. Kev. Fill)ert S. Poi-ter died Febi'uai-y 
:16, 188S. 

Kev. Elljert S. Porter married, 1845, Eliza Kittle Wyn- 
koo]), daughter of Eev. Peter Sylvester and Margaret (Gosman) 
Wynkoop, and of this marriage were born six cliildren: Mar- 
garet, died in infancy; ^lary Joanna, Sylvester Wynkoop, Susan 
Pathhone. Eliza (rosman, and Elhert StothotT, who became a 
minister of the gospel. The mother of these children, Eliza 
Kittle Wynkoop Porter, died October 7, 1889. 


During the eleventh century, the first recorded owner of 
land of Etendone (a place of some note i)rior to the Concjuest) 
was Susnualo, of English origin and founder of the ancient fam- 
ily of Sirlai. The most remote ancestor being Saswalo, Castel- 
lan of Lisle, Flanders, etc., 1000, 1039, who founded the Abbey 
of Palempian — his son, Robert, had Roger I, whose grandson 
went to crusade 1096 and from his brother, Hugh, descended the 
renowned "Castellans of Lisle." 

Sasnalo or Sigewalo II was a witness to a charter of Bald- 
win, Bishop of Tourney 1087; appears in the history of the 
Normans. The Shirley family bearing the arms of Ridel descend 
from him. Descendants of Bathet or Baset, duke of the Loire, 
wlio accom})anied Ouilly Basset and Normanville in 912 have 
married in the family; also Thomas, sixth Baron of (Jroby, mar- 
ried Elizabeth, tirst and co-heir of Sir Baldwin Frevile, Lord 
of Tamworth, in right of his wife — he d. 35th of Henry VI; 
their descendants are known as Ferrars of Tamworth, Anne of 
the eleventh generation brought Tamworth Castle, in nuirriage 
to Ro])ert Shirley, the fourteenth Baron of Ferrars, of Chartley, 
who bv the marriage of John Devereux to Cecil Bourchier 

Rufus G. Shirley. 


brought the Baronies of Bonr and Loraine, in the eiglit in-evicnis 

The manor is in Jjower Eatington, a town ahout niid- 
way between the Vale of Kedhorse and tlie plains of Eve- 
sham, betwixt the villages of Hawford and Butlers-Marston, 
four miles distant from Stratford-on-Avon. The cliureh and 
manor-house are l)uilt on the uortheastern hank of the river 
Stour, the dividing line between the counties of Warwick and 
Worcester and the parishes of Eatington and Tredington. 

His son Fulcher held land there; dead IKi!) (Temp. lienry 
11). The grandson, Sewallis de Scyrle, l^ord of Eatington, living 
1192, married Matilda, daughter of Ridel of Haloughton, county 
Berb., living MiVl. (3-^ Kich. 1.) They had Henry, Lord of 

Eatington, 1205, married , and their son. Sir 

Sewallis de Eatington, Knt., living 1251 (Temp. Henry III), 
mari-ied Isabel, daughter of Robert Meysnyll, of "Dalby in the 
Wttulds in Leicestershire." Their only son. Sir James de 
Eatendon, living 1278 ((>7 Edward 1), l)eing Lord of Sirlai, 
county Derby (Temp. Henry ITI), adopted the name Shirley 
(derived from the Saxon and signifying a clear place) ; married 
Agnes de Waunton. 

Their first son, Sir Bali)h Shirley, Knt., Lord of Eatington, 
ob. i;>2(i, sheriff of Derby and Xottingham 1271), had the custody 
of Salo)), Stafford and Slirewsl)ury Castle, 12i)S; govei'uor of 
Horston Castle, county of l)(>rby, l.")15; nuirried Margaret, 
daughter and coheir of W'altei' de Waldershef; constituted in 
the 5th of Edward II, govei'nor of tln' (Vistle of Honor, of High 
Peak, in Derbyshire; and their son, Thomas Shii-ley, Knt., !>ord 
of I'atington, dead \'MV.\ (.■)5-;!() Ldward 111), manied [sabell, 
daughter of Kalph Bassett, of Drayton, and sister of the last 

Their onl\' son, Sii- Hugh Sliirlc\. Lord of Eatington, !\ras- 


ter of the King's Hawks, Cliief Warden of Hingliani, Ferrers 
Park, county Nortliani])ton. and ("onstalile of Donnington Castle 
1399. slain ex pariv rcf/is, in the battle of Shrewsbury, July 12, 
140;!; married Beatrice, daughter of Sir Peter Braose. of AVis- 
ton, in Sussex, and tenth in descent from AVilliam de P)raose, 
Lord of tlie Castle of Bramber. lOSo-li. 

Their son. Ralph Shirley, Kiit., of Katington, married Joan 
(Joyce), daughter of Thomas Bassett, of Brailesford, county 
of Derby, Es(i., and Alargaret Mering, and ninth in descent 
from Ealph Bassett (Temp. Henry I). 

Their son, Palph Shirley. l{ls(j., T;ord of Eatington, ol). l-l()(), 
sheriff of Xottinghani and Derliy, mari-ied Alargaret, daughter 
of Thomas Staunton, of "Staunton Harolde," 1423, and twelfth 
in descent from Alan de Lecha, who held a land grant before 
1141. Their son, John Shirley, 1'jS(|., Lord of Eatington, oh. 
1486 (Temp. Henry VTI), married Elianor, daughter of Lord 
Hugh AVilloughby, of Aliddleton, county of Warwick, Knt. 
Their first son. Sir Paljih Sliii'lcy, Knt., of Banneret 14.^7. ob. 
January 6, 1516, l)uried in the chapel of St. Katharine, within 
the abbey church of (ierondon, married, fourth wife, Jane, 
eldest daughter of Sir Kobert Sheffield, of Chilwell, county of 
Xottinghani, Knt. Their only son, Francis Shirley, of Stau.iton 
Harolde, Esq., Lord of Eatington, n. January I'd, l.")!."), ob. Au- 
gust, 1570-1, married 1585. Dorothy, daughter of his guardian. 
Sir John (Jift'ord, of Chillington, county Staft'oi'd, Knt, (wichnv 
of John Congreve, of Streeton, Staffordshire, England). They 
resided at Alanoi- of Brailesford, Derbyshire (Temp. P]dward 
VI). "Indenture of the 22nd of March, 8th Eliz. 1566"— "the 
now mancion bowse of Francis Shirley of Staunton Harolde" — 
"it liad two turrets and gothick gates at its entrance impressive 
and gloomy in ai)i)earance. " Their eldest son, John Shirleyj 
Es([., boi-n at Staunton Harolde, 15H5 (27 Henry AJll), "in 


stnu'ted in liis youth" "in all manner of good litcratni'e. virtue 
and military discipline, hy the most knowing- and excellent mas- 
ters, of his time in which he profited so much, that he drew ad- 
miration, fi-oni all that ever saw liim; who all praised him, for 
the sweet candor of his life and rar<^ acnteiiess of liis wit"; 
ob. Septeml)er iL', loTO, married, loofj, dane, daughter of 
Thomas, Lord Lovett, of Astwell, county Northampton, and 
thirteenth in descent from William Lovett, of Rhyston. 

Tlieii' son, Sir (Jeorge Shirley, Bart., Lord of Eatington, 
n. April '2'A, l.").")<), ob. Apiil '27. 1()L'2, buried at Breedon, on the 
Hill, county Leicester, mairied, L").^?, Frances, daughter of 
Henry, Lord Berkeley, ob. December L'!l, ITjOf). 

Tlieir eldest son. Sir Henry Shirley, Bart., Lord of Eating- 
ton, n. 15SS. ob. Fel)ruary 8, 1632, married, August 1, 1651, Lady 
Dorothy, youngest daughter of Sir Kobert Devereux, second 
P^arl of Ks-ex. and "favorite of (,j)neen Elizabeth and great- 
great-gi'anddaughter of the Honorable AValter Devereux, of the 
Kings most noble order of ye garter, knight viconte Hereford 
Lord Ferrers of Thartley" (and T^ady Mary, daughter of Lord 
Thomas, >hir(|nis Doi-sett). and eighteenth in descent from John 
de Ebroicis. At the Lord l)e])uties coming to London, he sol- 
emnly caused my Lords' (Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex) 
"Patent of Eai-I Marshall of the conntrey of F. femes (Feney) 
"to be red and published and imested my Lord in his office and 
"it is greatlie to be thought that my lord shall have com'odtie 
"by that conntrey— but that I I'eferre to fui'ther trial I Fxitvs 
"ecta"; from original lettei' in jjossession of Loi'd Bagot. 

Their <on. Sir Kobert Shirley. I'art.. Lord of Eatington, 
n. 1625, ob. Xovember Ki 1 ().!(), married. 1(i4(i, Katharine, daugh- 
ter (d' Sir [lum)»hrey Okeover. of ( )keover. county Stafford. Esc]., 
ob. Xovember L'-!. 1()72. Above the entrance to the beautiful 
church of Ilolv Trinitv at Staunton Hai'old is a tablet of white 


niarl)!('. o\-er wliicli are tlii' anus of Shii'ley. iiupaliiisi,' Okcnvcr. 
with their crests earved in stone, and on either side a hirge 
fignre of an angel; on the tablet is the following inscri^ttion : 

In the year 1(353 
when all things Sacred were throughout ye nation 
Either demolished or profaned. 
Sr. Robert Shirley Barronet, 

Founded this church. 
Whose singular praise it is, 
to iiaue done the liest things in ye woi-st times. 

hoped them in the most callamitous. 
The righteous sliall be had in everlasting remem1)rance. 

Beneath the liattlements of the chancel are also these words 
carved in lai'ge ca])ital letters: 


Their third son, Robert Shirley, mari-ied, Oct(^l)er l', 1()98, 
Elizabeth Washington (eighth in descent from John Washing- 
ton, of Wliittield county Lancaster. He died at Bath, and was 
buried in the chui'ch of Staunton Harold; in tlie soutli aisle of 
tlie church of Lower Eatington, in Warwickshire, the ancient 
burial [ilace of the family, the Honorable George Shirley erected 
a monument to his father's memory, with the following: 

This monument is erected to the Memory of the Right Hoidile 
Robert Earl Ferrers, and to his second Wife Selina. daughter 
of George Finch, of the City of London, es(|. 

He was called to the Houvse of Lords by King Charles the 

by the title Baron Fen-ers of Cliartley, with the Precendency 
thereto lielonging. 

l)y Avrit under the Great Seal of Englaiul, dated the 1-l-th 
Uecem Anno 1677. 

And by the same Right Baron Bovclner and Baron Lovain. 

He was blaster of the LTorse to X Catherine Queen Dowager 
in MMVl 

.\nd high Stewai'd of her Household. 


and ill Ki!'!' sworn of the Priv\- ('ouncil to Kiui;- William 
the III 

And in ITll was one of the Lords of Council to Her Ma- 
jesty, Queen Anne, who by ])atent dated tlie I'rd of Sepr. 1711 
advanced him to tlie dignity of Earl Ferrers 
and \^iseount Tamworth. 
He was lior)i at tlie time liis father Sir Koliert was imi)i-isoned 
in the Tower by the Usurper Oliver Croniwell, and died there 
not without suspicion of poison. 

He niai-ried to liis fii-st wife P]lizal)etli daughter and heir 
of Lawrence Washington, of Garesdon, in the county of Wilts 
Esijrc l)y whom he had issue ten sons and seven daughters. 

To his second wife Selina daugliter of George F'incli of tlie 
city of Lo]i(h)n Es(|i'e by whom lie had five sons and five 

He was l)orn Oct. Kl-ll and died the "Joth of Decern. 1717 
aged sixt\-se\'en vears and lies in the familv vavlt of tliis 

This family is descended by an heir female from the Ancient 
Family of Devereux. Earls of Essex and W. Viseovnt of Here- 
ford and Lord Ferrers of ('hartley by their intermarriages with 
the second sisters of the Earl of Essex, the favorite of Queen 
Elizabeth, who was lieheaded aliont the year (16(i()) which inter- 
nianiage entitles the noble family to (piarter the King's Arms. 

His daughter (by the second wife) Lady Mary, born at 
St-umton X(tv. '1 bp. the ?->\\ 1701*. mtir. in the I>isho]) of London's 
Chapel at Fulhani July M 172:* Ohnrles Tryon ob. Xov. 2S. 1768. 
she was bu. at Twickenham where a plain lii'ick altar tomb 
(which covers the remains of her mother Selina Countess 
Ferrers) is inscribed — 

"Here lies the body of 
The iiiyht Honble Lady ]\Iary Tryoii. 

of Bui wick, in Northam]ttonshire 

(t (bui<j;hter of Rol)ert Earl Fei'rers. 

She (lied ^lay 17. 1771. aged (iS. 

Also the body of : 

Lieut. General >Vil!iaiii Tryon 

son of Charles Tryon 

of Xortliam|)tonshire. Es(|i-e. 

i.^' the above mentioned Lad>- .Mai\- 


Tjfite (Tovenior of the Pi-oviiice 

of New York & Colonel of 

the 29tli Regiment of Foote 

who died the -7th of Jannai'v 17S8 

aged 58 years. 

( )n tlie sides are inscriptions for Mrs. Margai'et, widow of 
Governor Ti-you, ob. Fehruai-y, 1S19, ae. 8(); and the daughters, 
Mary S., July 26, 1791, ae .".O, and Anne, ol). Jnly 1(1, 1822, ae 82. 

Thtir tenth son, Laurence Sliirley, n. Septenilier 26, KiDo, 
ol). Apiil 27, 174."'. married Ann 'daughter of "Sir Walter 
("larges, Bart, of "St. Martins in the Fields," county Middle- 
sex"), ob. ]^Iay 27. 17S2. Their seventh son, AA^illiam Shirley, 
ob. 1780. mari'ied Margaret, daughter of Sir Alexander 
Bathurst, Bart.; their sou, William Shirley, second, died in Lou- 
don, married Augusta, daughter of Sir George Hastings, of 
Suss( X. Theii- son, William AVi'ight Shirley, boi'U in England, 
Sei)tem';er 29, 1797, died in Xew York city. ^Farch 8, 1865, mar- 
ked there, in St. Stephen's Fi)i<copal church, August 15, 1818, 
Elizabeth G. Coddington. born December 15, 1799. died July 16, 
1880, daughter of Closes Coddington, "Gentleman of America" 
(descendant of Governor Coddington of Rhode Island, by his 
son John, who went from Rhode Island to New Jersey), who 
married. Xovember 4. 1789, Sarah Petty, born August 29, 1770, 
died August 25, 1808, daughter of l^avid Petty and Ann Garwich. 

Tlieir son, William Fearclo Shirley, born ^larch 4, 1833, 
died Xovember 14, 19('8, married, in Christ P]piscopal church, 
Apiil 14, 1864, Caroline Chester Sidell. l>orn duly 12. 1848. died 
Xov(nil)er 15. 190."). Xatives of Xew York city; married, died 
and buried there. 

Their only son, Rufus George Shii-ley, born at 5.") West 
Thirty-seventh street, August 7, 187."), resides at 71 (! ^ladison 
aveiiue, X( w A'di'k city; baptized and confirmed in the Episcopal 
Church. A lie])ublican in politics. Tie early e\in(H'd a desire 


for knowledge in iiiilit:ii\' ta.'tics. mid entered tlic .Militaiy 
Aea<lenn' at Peekskill for ti-aijiiny. receiving at tlie age of twelve 
a diploma for skill in dri I. I.atei- lie became a student at Trin- 
ity School, and fr(!m there i):>-eil on to the Colnmhia Institute, 
ac(|niring in eacli proticiencv in otliir studie-. He ti.ially grad 
uated in .hnie. l^IM, from the Duiniy School, in Trenton, Xew 
Jersey. I'.y the ch'sii-e of his fathei' and tie,' i^iHuence of tlu-ir 
intimate friench tlie late (lovernoi- lioswell W Flowei', he was 
ait))ointed a cadet in the Tiiited States Xava.l Academy, rooming 
with Cadet Worth l>agley. of Kaleigh, Xorth Carolina (uxifor- 
tnnately the first naval officer to lose his life in the Spanish- 
American war. being the second officer in conmnind of the Cnited 
States torpedo boat "Winslow." A shell from a masked liat- 
tery at Cardenas Harboi- exi)loded directly over the forward 
part of the boat, where he and half the crew were standing, and 
they were lilown to ]>ieces). After lii-^ return to Xew York city 
he was ai)pointed, in ISil,"). a ch-rk in. the home oflice of the Xew 
York Life Insurance Coii!i)any. I>eing alert both mentally and 
physicall>'. ind.nstrious. genial invX kindly in, with keen 
])ereeption, aptne-^s in eniergem/ies and (|uiek resentment of in- 
fringements, at the expiraticm of five years he was advanced 
(in li)()l)) and made assistant manager of the IV/oadway branch, 
and ten days later to the jtusiticn he now occupies, as agency 
director of the St. James b-ajch, at ;5Ji» Fifth av( nue, X'ew \'ork 
city. His reputation is a.n attractive character, of wide observa- 
tion, broad and libei'al \'iews, fi'ank and ei'.rnest in his (t)>inions, 
and is gratified with the satisfaction ;ind contiden( e of the com- 
pany. His'-s foi- tra\eling lia> made hini a tourist for 
considfrable extent in Amrri,'a. In 19l!l he went abro;id for a 
sojourn of ten weeks, ])assing through Holland, lu'lginm and 
the northern part of Frni'i-e, :;nd csi-ccinl;.' \-i\-idly recalls with, 
much pleasure a private coaching trip from London to Chester, 


up the valley oi' tlic Tlnuip-, tliroui;!! inaiiN" beautiful estates, 
and lieiuff eiitei'taiued at Lmd Xni'tli's estate at Waxton Al)l)ey. 
He is a.n ardent admirer (if nutdoor recreation, )»eing a close 
pursuer of lar<i,e gauie in tlie ('aiuidiau woods, ar.d an enthusi- 
astic discii)le of Isaak Walton. 

He is vice president of the North Lake Fish and Game 
(Mul), of Montreal, Canada, and the Delta Clii Club of New York, 
and is a member of the societies: St. George's Society of New 
York, Veteran Corps of Artillery (New York), Historical So- 
ciety, New England Society, Military Society of the War of 
1812, St. Nicholas Society, Sons of the Revolution, Sons of the 
American Revolution, Society of Colonial A\'ars, Hugnenot So- 
ciety, Metroi)olitan ^ruseum of Art, American Museum of Nat- 
nral History, Veteran Volnnteer Firemen C^ounty of Richmond. 
Naval Athletic Association, Army Athletic Association, and 
Helta Chi Fraternity. He is a veteran of the Fourth Division, 
First Naval Battalion, Naval ^Militia, New York; first lieutenant 
Comjiany H, Ninth Regiment, N. G., N. Y. 

Shirley Ai-ms : Earl Ferrers. Paly Or and Azure : A can- 
ton Ermine. Sujiiiorters. Dexter, a talbot Ermine, eared Gules 
and ducally gorged Or. Sinistei a reindeer Gules, attired and 
ducally gorged Or and charged on the shoulders with a horse- 
shoe Argent, (^'est — A Inist of a Saracen in })rotile and coujied 
])roper, wreathed about the tem])'es Or and Azure, blotto — 
Honor ^''irtutis Praemium. 

Connecting this remote ancestry with numerous prominent 
persons of the Colonial and the War of the Revolution period 
through the sti'uggles of the nineteenth century to their descend- 
ants, many of whom are citizens of the ]iresent New York, to the 
(ii-igin, of Mr. Shirley's matei-nal ancestors, natives of Holland, 
Sweden, France and England, the earliest of whom we have 
record is bv the first marriage, in the Dutch church — "Egbert 


'1 ■■',:> 

Van Borsniii y. in. van Amsterdam en Ennetje Hendricks, y. 
d. mar. Dec. 11, KioS." He was a resident of Brookl>^i, and 
in l(i5L' lessee of the ferry at the foot of the ]n-esent Fulton 
street. The ])assengers were summoned l>\- a horn. 

Their granddaughter, Margaret Van Borsum, married Cor- 
nelius Ijow (son of Pieter Cornelisen), who came from "Hol- 
stein or Schvorenuvet," Holland, in "The Faith" in 1659. In 


1668 married Elizal)eth Blanshan. daughtei- of Matthew Blan- 
shan, born in Xoeville, French Flanders, at Frankenthal, four 
miles from Manlu'im. lie married Madeline Jorisse, and em- 
barked Avith her and thi'ee children in "The Gilded Otter," Ajiril 
27, 1660. They ai'rived at Wiltwyck and settled there Deeeni- 
l)er '11 of that year. Their son, Peter Low. mai-i'ied August 8, 
1721, Rachel Roosevelt, (hiughter of Nicholas Roosevelt, horn 
September, 1658, died Jul.\- .'in, 1742. in Xcw ^'ork; married De- 
cember 9, 1682, Heltje Kunst, daughter of Jan Bai-entsen Kunst, 


who married May KJ, lt)()l, Janiietje C'ornelise, of Albany, daugh- 
ter of Cornells Barentse Sleglit, from Woerden, a ijroviuce of 
South Ilolhind, an eflfieient nuin in offire and the church. He 
married Tryntie Tyssen Bosch, and granddaughter of CUaes 
Martinzen \'an Roosevelt, from Zealand, Holland, a settler of 
New Amsterdam in 1()4!) with his wife, Jannetje Sanuiels- 

An eleventh descendant of Al)raliam Piertersen supposedly 
from Drenthe, a hamlet of North Brabant, in the Netherlands, 
and his wife. Tryntie ]\[elehoir Abrahams. In 1(577 they were 
influenced to use the name of Van Deusen. He was lance cor- 
l<oraI of C'omjjany No. '1 of the Burgher Corps. Their grand- 
daughter, Elizabeth Van Deusen, born Fel)ruary 2, 1680, mar- 
ried 1()7(), Johannes Benson, born February 8, 1655 (son of 
Dii'clv i>enson, from Sweden or Denmark), a resident of Amster- 
dam, who married Catalina l^erck, daughter of Samson Berck 
and Tiyntie Van Rechtersen. They were residents of Bever- 
wyck in l(i54. His arms are i)ainted on a window in the first 
church in Albany. In 1689 when a})prehensions existed of a 
French and Indian invasion fi-om Canada a Committee of 
Safety, of which Lieutenant Johannes I>enson was a member, 
directed "that the people of Patcook do make their retreat to 
Johannes Bensing's upon occasion." He was lieutenant in 
Albany county in 1688, and captain in 1690; their daughter. 
Catalyntie Benson, married May 27, 1706, Jacol) Sammon, son 
of Joliannes Thomaszen, from Amsterdam; married October 3, 
1677. Aechtje Jacol)s. "Tliey resided at Sa])iioniean ((Jreen- 
wicli), Manhattan Island." 

.\uother line originating during the rule of William the 
Con(|Ut'i-or was represented by Resolved Waldon, born 161 J, died 
1()9(), of English blood and Dutch training and by occupation 
a iirinter at Amsterdam. He arrived at ^lauliattan al)ont 1650. 


April 8. 1()54, lie liou^ht a house on Broadway, near Wall street, 
and married ]\Iay 10, 1654, Taneke Nagel, daughter of I>arent 
Xagel, of Groningen. They were members of the Dutch cliuirli. 
inriiiential, and for the times wealthy. He performed iiiaii>' 
services, and Sei)tendier 80, 1659, was sent with Augustus Her- 
mans as ambassadors to vindicate the Dutch titU^ on the Dela- 

Theii- son, Johannes Waldon, mari'icd A]iril 25, 1690, Anna, 
daughter of C'a})tain Jan Van Dalsen, and su}). Anna Roosevelt. 
They resided under Jochem Pieters Hills, lH8rd street, between 
Eight and Ninth avenues. Their daughter, Aniietie Waldron, 
married June 11, 1714. John Delamater. Their son, Samtiel Wal- 
dron, married ^larch 5, 1()92, ^leltje, daughter of Captain Fran- 
cis Bloodgood, "Chief Military Officer of Flushing, Heemstede. 
Kustdorp and Midd!eburgli. Privy Cotmcillor to the (lov- 
ernoi- foi- the surrender of the Colony to the English in 
1675." Their son, Benjamin AYaldron, married Se])tember 19. 
1786. Flizabetli Saminon. and they were the parents of Catalina 
Waldron, married Octolier i!, 1756, Samuel Delamater, born Oct- 
ober 3, 1725, great grandsoii of CMaude le ^laistre, an exile from 
Richelxiurgli, in Artois. France, born about 1620, died before 
the Dongan Patent; married A]iril 24, 1()52, at Lovertwars street. 
Amsterdam, Holland, Hester Du Bois, born in Canterlmry, Fug 
land, and daughter of Pierre Du Bois, a refugee to America with 
the Huguenots in 1685. He was a carjjenter, and August 22. 
1(561, ai)i)lied foi' land on Staten Island. The greater pai't of 
their lives was spent at Flatbush, Long Island. He was a thii- i 
cousin to his wife, being a great-grandchild of Resolved and 
Taneke Waldron. 

From contemjioraneous iieo])le a line is taken back by his 
mother's fatlier. (*ornelius Low Sidell. born April is, 1S(I4. die! 
August 18. 1858, son of John Sidell, born 1760, died 1887. (The 


Sidells origiuated in Lancaster County, England, and were iden- 
tified in the early history of New Jersey as industrious, perse- 
vering settlers.) Married Eliza])eth Low, l)ai)tized August 6, 
1764, daughter of Peter Low, born April 30, 1727, married about 
1750, Jannetje Van Vliet, daughter of Aurie Van Vliet and 
Jannetje C'loet, and granddaughter of Frederick Cloey, mar- 
ried before li\SY,\, Francyntie Duniont, daughter of Wallerandt 
Du Mont Sen. and Grystie, married Marcli 1, 1834, Eliza Gau- 
tier, born 1814, died March 27, 1892, daughter of Samuel John 
Sinclair Gautier, baptized f^ebruary 13, 1785, died in New York 
city 1845, married 1808, Elizabeth Fawpell, bom February 13, 
1783, died September 4, 1865, daughter of John Fawpell, born 
August 17, 1756, married May 26, 1782, Helena Howser, born 
May 25, 1765, and grandson of Samuel Gautier and Cataline 
Delamater, and great-grandson of Louis Andrew Gautier, mar- 
ried about 1753, Elizabetli Sebering, born March 18, 1733, daugh- 
ter of Frederick Sebering, of Brooklyn, Long Island, married 
l">eceniber 17. 1711. ]\Iaria Provoost, baptized April 17, 1692, 
daughter of Jonathan Provoost, born 1651, baptized June 29. 
1659, married l)eceml)er 26, 1679, Catherine, daughter of Pieter 
Coruelis Van der Veen, a merchant, and ai)i)ointed in 1658 a 
commissioner to treat with the Indians at Esoinis. He married 
January 1, 1652, Elsje Tymens, niece of Anneke Jans. They 
Avere^ prominent in social life. In the paper read before the 
Xew York Historical Society, June 2, 1874, by James W. Gerard, 
entitled "Old Streets of New York," we quote: "Among tlie 
good citizens, Pieter Cornelius Van der Veen and ^frs. Elsje, 
his wife, at ehurcli situated in the fort, undei- the i)reaching of 
Dominie Megai)olensis, and recalls a picture of our i)redecessors 
in this devout congregation;" also, "His Excellency De Heer 
Directeur General Petrus Stuyvesant and his wife Judith, and 
old Dr. Johannes de la Montagnie, Ex Councillor" The Xe\r 


York Magazine in 1790 records "June 30. On Monday last 
while digging out the foundation of this fort a scjuare stone was 
found among the ruins of a chai)el that formerly stood there, 
with the following: 'Ao Do. :\I1)('XLTI W Kieft Di. (ir. Heeft 
de Gementen dese Temple doen Bouweri.' " 


This family, once so prominent in X'ew York, came from 
Norfolk, England. William Walton was horn in the latter i)art 
of the seventeenth century, came to X'ew York and was made 
freeman in 1698. The same year he married Alary Santford. 
In 1711 he appears as one of the subscribers for finishing the 
stee])le of Trinity church. In 1712 he. with some others, owned 
the sloop "Swallow," of which Rene Hett was master. He sailed 
his o^vn vessels to the West Indies. His dwelling i)lace was on 
Hanover Scpiare, now X"o. 130 Pearl street, and was a wide lot 
which originally belonged to James Graham, attorney general. 
This was directly opposite the lot on which "Alistress Kidd," 
the widow of Captain AVilliam Kidd, lived. His fortune and that 
of his sons was derived from the preference in trade given him 
by the Spaniards, who gave him the sole lu-ivilege of trading 
at St. Augustine. In 1738 Governor Clarke writes that he was 
the only person permitted by the Spaniards to trade at that 
place, "where he had a factor or agent who had resided there 
for many years." He died on Saturday, May 21, 1747, and was 
described as "a very eminent merchant of this city." His 
widow, known as "Afadame Walton," died September .">. 17()8, 
in her ninetieth year. 

William Walton left two sons, Jacob and William. Jacob 
Walton married Alaria, daughter of Gerard Beekmaii and Mag- 
dalene Al)eel, May 14, 172(i. He died October 17. 1749. aged 
fortv-seven, and left children: Jacob, Thomas, (Jerard. Mary. 



wife of Lewis Morris; ^[agdaleiia, wife of David Johnston; 
Catherine, wife of James Tlioni])s()n ; William and Abraham. Of 
these, Thomas died a young man. William married, ^lay 16, 
17()7, Mary, daughter of Governor James l)e Lancey, and left 
children, William, James Delaneey, Jacob, and Ann, wife of 
Daniel Cromelin Xev Planck; the father died August 18, 179(i, 
at the age of sixtv-live. His wife died Mav Ki, 17()7. Jacol) Wal- 

Mrs. William (Beekmani Walton. 

William Walton. 

ton was an admiral in the British navy, and had a son. Rev. 
William Walton. 

William Walton (the brother of Jacol), the first mentioned) 
carried on the business inherited from his father, he and his 
bi-nlher btiug the tiiia of Wil i'lm Walton and C'omjjany. In 1753 
tluy, with other merchants, made an agreement "not to receive 
('ni)|.er Half Pence otherwise than 14 foi' a shilling." They 
rddod to tlieii' number of \'essels and enlarged theii- trade. Hav- 


'n\g ohtaiiR'd wcaltli. William Walton soon aciiuirc;! political 
lienors. In 1751 lie was a lUfniher of assenihly and sei'vcd until 
17")!). lie joined the i)arty of (iovernor Dc Lancev. and was the 
lecijiient of many favors. He was appointed mendter (d' coun- 
cil, Xovemlier 14. 1758, and continued till ^larcli 22, 17()8, a 
few moidlis before his death. 

In 17lM William ^Valton. "merchant." purchase;! fi-om .lohn 
Yarmouth, "shij)wright," two lots, Xo. i;>-14. "fronting the 
road that goes hy William Beeknuurs and extending- to low water 
mark." The i)rice was three hundred i)t)unils ($75(1). I'pon 
these iocs he estahlished a shii* yard, which was continued 
foi' many years. After his death they descended to his son. 
William Walton, and in 1752 he ei"ected upon these lots (now 
Xo. o2(i Pearl street) a house which was then the most elegant 
residence in the city. It is thus described by John Pintard, the 
founder of the X"ew York Historical Society: "A brick editice, 
fifty feet in front, and three stories high, built with Holland 
l)rick, relieved by brown stone water tallies and jambs, with 
walls as substantial as many modern churches and standing 
•ilong the south side of Pearl street, lately called (^)ueen street. 
The superb staircase in the am])le hall, with mahogany hand 
rails and bannisters, l)y age as dark as ebony, would iu)t dis- 
grace a nobleman's iialace. It is the only relic of the kind that 
],roI»ably at this ])eriod remains in the city, the appearance of 
which affords an air of grandeur not to be seen in the lighter 
staircases of modern buildings." This house famed as the Wal- 
ton mansion, remained for more than a century, and in it Will- 
iam Walton fully maintained his reimtatio!! for elegant hos- 

After the French war. which was gloiiousl>- ende:l by tlie 
coiKiu.est of Canada, the officers of the Pritisli arm\' returned 
lo X( w ^'ork. and were magnificentU' enterlaineil in tli" Walton 



housf. ( '()iis[)i(Mious was tlic massive service of silver plate 
wliieli i^raced the tables, alid no indication of wealth and ))ros- 
perity was wanting. In after years, when tlie British govern- 
ment ])ro]iosed to tax the colonies, ol)jection was made on ae- 
connt of the com])arative poverty of th.e i)eople. The magnifi- 
cence of this entertainment was recalled hy the officers wiio had 
been ])resent. and was used as a counter argument and it may 

f"^^;i-|^# Jf M T^f -- W > sal 
^ m t-P' ^! m H M j£!i 

Wall oil Mansion. 

be said tliat tliis entertainment was indirectly one of the causes 
of the Revolution. 

William Walton, i-ich in wealth and honors, died .lul\" 11, 
1768, in his sixty-third year, and was buried in Trinity church- 
yard. His wife was Cornelia, daughter of \^y. William Beek- 
man. whom he marri(^d dannary '27. IT.'H. Me left no children. 
After making a generous pi'ovision ft)r his wife, he left the bulk 
of his great fortune to his nejihews and nieces. His iiouse and 


lot, with Ills stal)les aiul coacli house on the opposite side of 
tlie street (now '.Vl^) Pearl street) were left to the wi(h)\v during 
lier life, and then to his nephew. W'illinni W'.dton, foi- life and 
then to his son William. To his wife he left £1,500 in cash, and 
a yearly income of £700, also negro servants and "all the wines 
and family stores that may he found in my house except so much 
as may he recpiisite for my funeral," from which we conclude 
that the custom of dispensing wines and Tuiuors at funerals was 
not neglected in this case. His widow survived many yeais. 
and died May 10, 17S6, aged seventy-eight. 

In 171)4 the mansion was rented to Jacob Schieffelin at the 
rate of $1,000 a year. The son of the nephew, William Walton, 
advanced in years. occui)ied it in 1832. In after years this mag- 
niticent mansion fell into decay and ruin. The rooms were 
rented foi' shops, and a cheap class of ])eople found lodgings in 
the place once famed for its elegance. About 1S()0 it was torn 
down and tln' present huildings erected in its i)lace. The ]ior- 
traits of Mi-, and .Mrs. Walton descended to relatives, by whom 
they were evidently treated with neglect. In 1906 they wei'e 
presented to the Xew ^'ork llistoi-ical Society, and after being 
caiefully lenovated, they now hold a conspicuous place in their 
\alual)le collection. They are reproduced here by the permission 
of Ap))leton Comiiany, imblishers. as contained in the volmne. 
■'Social Life Undei- the (leorges," by Esther Singk'ton, whose 
many W(n'ks are most valuable additions to .\niericaii history. 


The De l^a Felds, of Alsace, ai'e claime(l as the coinmoii an- 
cestoi's of se\-ei-al families settled in difl'erent parts of i'hirope. 
Among others is the English De La Felds. The name as de- 
ciphered in some old parchments was soniehme> contracted t.> 
Delfeld or Delafeld, an<l of late moilenii/.t'd to hclalield. 


lluhiiitus (Ivohcrt) De I^a Kcid is iusciihcd ainoiiii the 
owners of lands in the connty of Lancaster in the year 1()()9. 
Doiilitless he was one of those who aeconipanied the fii'st \Vi!!- 
iani to Enghnid or one of the lu)st of knights who swai'ined from 
tlie nortliern part of France and from the Rhine counti'y in 
search of adventure and hinds in the new eon(|uest. The de- 
scendants of Hnl)nrtus De La Feld fionrislied and married well. 
In the eentni'ies that followed the name is of freijuent occur- 
rence in ancient writings — notahlx' in Bnckinghamsliire and in 
the innnediately adjacent shires. 

At the middle of the eighteenth centTiry. John Delatield was 
the head of the linckingliamshii-e Delatields. At some time en- 
gaged in business in London he is often styled as of London, 
l)ut he was also a land owner in Buckinghamshire and in Ox- 
fordshire. He was born in ITl'O, died March 9. 17(i.'', anil is bniied 
))eneath the chancel of the church of Aylesbury. His wife 
Martiia, l)orn March 9, 1718, died November l'(i, 17(n, daughter 
of Jacob and Susannah Dell, lies buried beneath her i)ew in the 
same chui'ch. Over the south entrance of the church a bronze 
mural monument, surmounted by the Delatield Arms, bears 
the following inscription: 

To i>eri)etuate the memory of 

John Delafield 

Citizen of London, 

and of 

Martha Delafield 

his wife 

Daughter of Jacob Dell 

of this Town 
He died 9 ^farcb 17(53 

Aged 48 

She died 2(i Xov. 1 7(il 

Aged 42. 

.lohii and Martha Delatield had issue, two sons and three 

John Delatit'hl. 


(laughters. Two dauglitors. Elizalx'tli and Mai-y died unmar- 
ried. Martha married AVilliain Arnold, ol' Slatswood, Isle of 
AVig'ht, and with otlier cliildreii had the famous J)r. Thomas 
Arnold, of Hugljy, and Lydia, who married Richard, Earl of 

John Delafield, horn ]\lareh 16. 174S. of whom presently. 

Josej)h Delafield, l>orn May 14, 174^), died Septemher, 1S2(); 
married, January 4, 17!)0, Prances, daughter of Harvey Chris- 
tian Comhe, of Cohhannn Park, County Surrey, and had issue. 
There now survive descendants of his in the female line, and of 
the name in the male line the following only. Count William 
Joseph Delafield, of Italy, horn Xajtles, 1855, married Cesaiina. 
daughter of Louis, Mar(|uis Pizzardi : Xo issue. 

Count Arthur John Lewis Delafield, of Italy, horn Naples, 
1856, married Margaret !Marosca Donnorso, daughter of the 
Duke di Serracapriola, and has eleven children, all living; the 
eldest son is named Huhert. 

John Delafield, the eldest son of John and Martha Delafield. 
was liorn in England, March Ki. 1748. died in Xew ^'ork cit\' 
(at X^o. 9 Pearl street), duly ;>, 1824, and was hurled in the 
Trinity chureli hurial ground, at Hudson street, thence removed 
to the vault of his son John at St. Thomas church, corner of 
Broadway and Houston street, and in 1857 removed to tlie Dela- 
field family vaidt at Greenwood; there rest the remains of his 
wife, all of his children and their wives (with the cxceiition of 
two childi'en who died in infancy and of the eldot son dohn 
and his wife) and many of his grandchildren. 

Mr. Delafield sailed from Europe on lioard the British Let- 
ter of ^larque "Vigilant," Ca]»tain Barnewcll. ai-ri\-ed at Sandy 
Hook on Friday, A])ril 4, 178;!, and with the captain (who after- 
wards settled in Xew York) landed at 'i o'clock on the following 
morning in the citv. He came with letters of introdiiction to the 


liriii('i|i;il iniialiitaiits of the city and also to ri'siJt'iits of Phlla 
(lelpliia and IJoston. Many of thr lettei's were i^iven liini hy 
Bi'itish oflicers who had returned honi^ from tlie war in the 
eohinies. ]\Ioreo\'er, in the city were otficei s whom le,^ had known 
in Kn.u'land and who conid voucli tor his iilentitx'. 

As he was ahont to sail from England, an official in tlie 
P)iiti^h ser\ici' gave Mr. Delafield a mannscript copy of the text 
of the treaty of i)eace — tlie original had heen i)i'evionsly for- 
warded to the American authorities hy another vessel, hnt the 
"Vigilant" was the first to ari'ive. Although the import of 
the ti'eaty was generally known, the exact terms of the docu- 
ment wei-e read with eager interest l)y those to whom it was 
shown in New York and co])ies are said to have heen sent to 
other cities. 

He was most kindly received and v\'as gratified with an in- 
vitation to make his home, until he had found ];,'rmanent (juai'- 
ters, at the house of a gentleman, whose family have ever since 
been among the intimate friends of his descendants, Mr. De 
Peyster, who, informed of ^Nfr. Delafield's arrival, met him at 
the landing and took him to his house. Mr. Delafield at once 
commenced a career of great success as a merchant and later 
as a marine underwriter. To tlie annoyance and against the 
remonstrance of his fannly abroad, he determined to become a 
citizen of the United States and was admitted to civil rights l)y 
an act of the legislature ^lay 4, 1 7S4, and a freeman of the city 
dune Ki, 17S4. 

From papers liefore the writei", the following miinitiae of 
his Inisiness life are selected: June 15, 17S7, was one ni' the 
founders and a director of the ^lutual Insurance Company, of 
New Vork. January 12, 1792, ap])ointed one of the dii-ectors of 
the Xew York branch of the United States Bank, then first es- 
tablished in Xew York. In 17i»4 one of the foundei's and Hi'st 


tiustees of the Tdiitine Coffee House. Feluiiary 1. ITlHi. one 
of the founders with thirty-nine otliers. eacli suhsi'rihinu' $1<\ 
000, and a director of the United Insurance l'oni])any. After- 
wards he was for many years the president of the company. 

Prior to ITix; Mr. Delatield had retired from active com- 
mercial pursuits, and, interestiuij,' himself more ami more in 
marine underwriting, became the head of the [)rivate under- 
writers of the city. There was excitement and risk in the 1)usi- 
ness and at tiiiies it was vei'\' piotitahle ; pi'est-ntly. however, 
came f)ad times. The English and French at war with ea:di 
other, each i)reyed u))on American shipping lest it should fur- 
nish provisions and material to the adversary. American ves- 
sels were almost driven from the open seas; Mr. Delatield paid 
every loss, hut at the sacrifice of most of his fortune and the 
mortgaging of nmch of his real estate. At that time tliei-e 
were few opportunities to invest capital, men of wealth pur- 
chased laiuls and man\', among them dohn Delatield. acquired 
great possessions in real property, itotli in this state and else- 
where. On two occasions at least the Dinner Cluh. a grouj) of 
gentlemen who met to dine at the houses of the memhers, dis- 
cussed and decided against the pro])riety of buying lands on 
the Island of ^lanhattan, jilmost all of which, above what is now 
Canal street, the exception chiefly country seats on the East 
river, was for sale; farm lands, for which there was likely to be 
a demand by actual settlers, were deemed a i)etter investment. 
It was believed that the St. Lawrence river would become the 
great artery of trade. On its banks Mr. Delatield ac(|uired the 
half of two townshi])s. Hague and Cambray. both in llu> state 
of Xew York, and having faith in their ultimate great value he 
continued to hold them, although mortgaged for many \ears. 

Besides lands in the country Mr. Delatield owned con-idi-r- 
able real estate within the citv limits, including aini)ng otiier 


parrels a large luimhei- of lots on tlie easterly side of Broad 
street, (>.\teiidiiig from the East i-'iver and known as the Albany 
l)ier property. Allnding to this the New York Diary newspajjer 
for Decenil)er 15, 1796, states that "Attempts have been made 
to set on fire tlie large and elegant range of stores l>elonging to 
Ml-. i)"lafield, near the Exchange." After his death a ])art 
of this pr()])erty fronting on Water street remained in his es- 

(hi Division street he owned thirty lots and on the westerly 
side of Broadway, a sliort distance al>ove Trinity chnrch, a 
corner lot on wliicli he ])nrposed to build a residence to suit 
his own taste; the ))roject was, however, abandoned, although 
at one time ])lans were di'awn and the necessary hardware im- 
]3orted from. England. 

Tn the summer of 1791 Mr. Delafield ])urchased "Suns- 
wick," a farm of about one hundred and forty acres on the 
bank of the East river, oi)i)Osite the easterly end of Blaekwell's 
Island, in after years known as the Village of Ravenswood, later 
a part of Astoria, afterwards incorporated in Long Island City 
and now included in the city of New York. The property had 
formed a ]iart of the Blackwell estate and the old stone mansion 
then, and for many years after, disjilayed on the front door, 
Imrned deejily in the wood, the broad arrow, in ]iroof that tlr^ 
home of Colonel Jacob Blackwell, of the Revolutionary armv, 
liad been confiscated by the British.. A large house for a sum- 
mer residence was built u])on the ]n-o])erty, Avhich, undt'r tlie 
>u];ervision of the architect, ^^Fr. Newton, was ready for occu- 
pation the following s])ring. The house and land were beauti- 
fully situated. A Itroad terrace extended to the shore of the 
^wift i-nnning tunmltnous river; to the eastward extensive 
stables and (luarters for the outdoor enii)loyees and slaves; to 
tlie westward a high stone wall extended from near the house 


to the old IJlackwcll Imryiiig groniul. After a few years grai)e 
vines, jilinns and ];eai's trailed against the wall and almost :'n'i- 
cealed it; a long tiower garden sepai'ated the wall from a broad 
graveled walk, on the other si<U' of wliich came tlu' vegetable 
garden interspersed witli icrennial Howei'ing bushes. The 

Simswick. Residencu of John Dolafli'ki. 

grmmd, luitnrnlly I'i.di. was witli care and intelligent super- 
vision brouglit to a hiyh state of cultivation. I^lants and seeds 
were ini) orted f i om Euro];e and generally with good re-^nlts. 
The locality ]ireviously been noted for the excellencv ot its 
ap]iles and ])eaches. the New Town pippin, oiu' of the best of 


apitU'S, Honrisliiiii* there at its hest; other Irnits were found to 
do as well. The Uiwns al)Out the house were trimmed with large 
sliears made for the i)ur])ose and rolled with heavy stone rollers, 
one of which is still in existence and in use on a tennis ground. 
(lood care jirodnced a close fine sod and Mr. Delafield wrote tliat 
he had a Itit of the In'ight green turf of Old England in America. 
After a few years ''Sunswick" was esteemed as one of the 
1)est, if not the l)est, cared for counti\' seat in the neighhorhood 
of New York. The fruits and flowers, especially roses, were 
noted for their jierfection. Lahor was almndant and wages o!' 
employees were so low as to seem iiici-edible to us. but to com- 
jiensate, most kinds of ])rovisi()ns were almndant and chea]); 
curiously enough those things which were cheapest were the 
least esteemed by the majority of the inhabitants of New York, 
perhaps because perforce they had at times been too much de- 
pendent upon them- -the neighboring waters suitplied in great 
abundance a variety of fish and shell fish and yet the fish stalls, 
9xce])t for lobsters, were but little ]iatroni/ed. Long Island 
dui'ing the autnnm and spring, swarmed with wild fowl and great 
flocks of many varieties of snii>e; so abundant were they, that it 
was not considered sport to hunt them. The writer well re- 
members the surprise of an old gentleman that any one wouici 
take the trouble to shoot snijie. Why, he said, it is simply 
slaughter, not sjiort; in my boyhood we only sought for wood- 
cock and English sni]ie. (^)ueens and Suffolk counties were full 
of deer, venison, oysters, clams, and soft shell crabs could be 
had foi almost nothing. 

To reach the city from "Sunswick" the family would I'ide 
oi- drive to Brooklyn and ci'oss by the fen-y, which landed at 
the foot of Wall street. When the tide served both for going 
and returning, I'ow boats were often used, in the afternoon 
there would often be (piite a Hotilla of boats belonging to gen- 


tlenien letuniiiig to their conntry seats; they generally got 
away })roini)tly at 3 o'ehick, scliool l)oys not quite so soon; Mr. 
Delafield's sons, used to the I'iver. understood tlie tides and 
!'a]»i;]s, knew how to take advantage of tlie eddies, and strong 
yonng liands manned the oars. Washington Irving, whose 
father liad for years hired from Mi-. Dehitield the old Blaekwell 
lionse at "Sunswick," named tlie hoat of the ho> s the "En- 
deavor," and had to admit that although the "Endeavor" was 
the last to start it was far from being the last to get home. 
Irving, in the fourth chapter of "Knickerbocker's History of 
Xew York." alludes to the sunnner house of his boyhood as the 
''pleasant coast of Sunswick" — Fennimore in one of his 
novels also mentions the place. 

Tn 1814 "Sunswick," which for two or three summers had 
remained unoccuined, was sold to CV)lonel (ieorge Gibbs for 
>|!31,r)()(). A letter written by one of his children mentions the 
great interest that the colonel took in the place on which a great 
deal of money was spent in embellishing it to the utmost. In 
addition to the fruit ali'cady in cultivation, open air gra])es were 
im]iorted fi'om Austria, which were cultivated, as in Europe, 
on stakes. Mention is made of a])ricots. plums and cherries of 
a ([uality and excellence such as were no longer to be found in 
the vicinity of Xew ^'ork. A sloo)» yacht, the "Laura of Suns- 
wick," besides row boats, added to the conveniences of communi- 
cating with the city. In 1834, after the death of Colonel (libbs. 
the ])roi)erty, subdivided into plots for sul)urban residences, 
was sold. 

In pel son Mr. Dclatield is described as tall, of a well-built 
frame, regular featuies, a straight and p.rominent nose, dark 
eyes, his own hair ])owdered and tied in a (piciie, and with a 
deep and singularly pleasant voice (a (piality inherited by hi< 
sons), without any of the guttural, hesitating tones common at 


that time and not unknown now among Englislnnen. In speech 
calm and collected and if somewhat decided always courteous; 
neat and punctiliiius in his own dress, he expected tlie same at- 
tention to their app.^arance among the mem])ers of his house- 
lioUl. Airs. William Arnold, of Slatswood, Isle of Wight, his 
sister, willing in 17S5, congratulating him on his recent mar- 
riage, says: "Von are the exact image of our honored father, 
you have also his sweetness of temi)er. study then my brother 
to imitate his uol)le virtues, not a soul knew him hut respected 
him and he has left a character heliind which his children may 
glory in." 

dohn l)elati?ld nuirried December 11, 1784, Ann, daughter 
and co-heiress of Joseiih and Elizabeth (Hazard) Hallett. 
Joseph and his sister Lydia, wife of Colonel Jacob Blackwell, 
were the t)nly cliildi-en of Joseph and Lydia Hallett, Josei)h be- 
ing the tlJdest male descendant of William Hallett, of Dorset- 
shire, England, who settled on Long Island, was the grantee of 
the patent of Hal left's Point, and at one time sheriff of Queens 

Josei)h Hallett, the father of :\Irs. Delafield, of Xew York 
and Hallett's Point, born January 2(i, 1781, at Hallett's Point, 
died at his residence in Pearl street, Xew York City, August S), 
17HJ). His wife, Elizal^etli. daughter of Xathaniel and Elizalteth 
(Drummond) Hazard, was born at the residence of her I'.arents. 
Hanover Square, X"ew York City, August 29, 17-13, and died at 
the residence of her son-in-law, John Delafield, Greenwich street, 
Xew Yoi'k City. Xovember i», 1S14. She was buried by the side 
of her husband in the Hallett vault of the First Presbyterian 
church. Wall street. On the removal of the church to Fifth 
ax'einu' and Twelfth street, theii- remains and tho<e of many 
Halletts and Blackwells were in 1S44 transferred to the new 



vault of the I'aiiiily in the ,i>i()iiii(ls of tliv' iircseiit clmrcli. Mr. 
Hallett was I'oi- iuaii>' yr\v< dih' of tiic ti-ustccs of tlu' cIiuitIi. 

Prior to the Hexolutioii Mr. Hallett was one of the promi- 
nent shii)})ing nierehants of the city, trading- witli Great Britain 
and the West Indies, making large shipments of tobacco and 
having what is called a monopoly of tlie linseed l)nsiness with 
Ireland. Besides a summer home at Hal left's Point, ^Ir. Hal- 
left's residence was in Pearl street, near Wall street, the i)ri)p- 

Joseph Hallett. 

erty extending to the East river, improved with stores at Xos. 
104 and 106 and also 108 and 105 Front street; also in Water 
strt et with a wliarf on the river. As was generally the case with 
the wealthy merchants of tlie ])eriod, he invested large sums 
in country' ])i 0])erties. including among others extensive tracts 
of land in the state of New Voi'k, in Harrison county, \"irginin. 
adjoining lands of John Delatield. and in \"erinont. 

He was an ardent patriot, was a member of all of the com- 
mittees of safety, 1774-76, of the first three provincial congresses 


of the state of Xew York, served ou the finance committees, and 
on the special committee of safety appointed by the congress to 
act dnring- the recess of that body. The important trusts im- 
posed npon him and the frequent mention of liis name in the 
l)ioceedings of these Ixxlies are evidence of his zeal for the 
canse. The committee of safety of May, 1774, consisting of fifty 
one members, was deemed too conservative, and eleven mem- 
bers, including Hal let t, his fi'iends, Francis Jjcwis and Feter V, 
1). Livingston, published an addi'ess to the peoi)le; they were, 
however, not successful in securing the election by the conunit- 
tee of Mr. McDougall, their candidate for the general Colonial 

After the ])attle of Long Island a nmuber of gentlemen of 
prominence left the city, in many instances of necessity leaving 
their wives and children in their comfortable homes. PTarsh 
measures were employed by the British to induce the return of 
such absentees. The wife of Francis Lewis, "the signer," was 
ari-ested at her country i)lace at Whitestone, some miles above 
Hallett's Point, and was imprisoned, only to be released by a 
Threat from General AVashington to retaliate in kind. The wife 
and l)abies of Air. Hallett were permitted to occui)y their home 
but under guard; fearing that they might find means of leaving 
the city, they, with several other New York ladies, were taken 
with the British army when it advanced into Xew Jersey, the 
numlier of such ])risoners increased by the arrest in the .lerseys 
of the wives or other ])i'ominent Americans. The house in wliicli 
the helpless ca]ttives were confined was set on fire, and tlii' 
ladies were only saved from a mob of riotous solditTs by l)ritisli 
officers who, with drawn swords, dispersed the miscreants. The 
following day the commander-in-chief ordered the return to 
Xew York of all of the ladies — they had throughout l)een treated 

\ o1. 1—17 


with respect, Imt it was an experience of great anxiety an;l 

For the i)rotection of his family Mr. Hallett retnrned to 
New York, at times occupying his house in Pearl street, l)ut 
making liis chief residence at Hallett's Point. .lust before the 
evacuation of the city by the British, he removed from the coun- 
try and received at his home Colonel Benjamin Tallmadge. who 
had entered the city with his regiment some hours before the 
advance of the main body of the American army to act in con- 
junction with a British regiment whose departure was delayed, 
the jmrpose being to protect the persons and the projierty of 
those who might be obnoxious to eitlier the advancing or to the 
retreating forces, it being feared that in the excitement of the 
moment one party or the other might find occasion to retaliate 
for real or supp)osed former wrongs. 

After the war Mr. Hallett again engaged in business, l)ut 
not on so large a scale as formerly. His wife, who survived him 
for many years, retained her city house but passed the summer 
at Petersfield on ^Manhattan Island, a farm leased from the 
Stuyvesants at $1,250 per annum. The locality was especially 
agreeable to Mrs. Hallett as being of easy access to Horn's 
hook, where her liusband's sister, the widow of Colonel Jacob 
Blackwell, had a country seat. 

John and Ann (Hallett) Delafield had issue thirteen chil- 
dren, nine sons and four daughters, some born in the city of 
New York, others at the country seat at "Sunswick," all chris- 
tened by the clergy of Trinity church, where Mr. Delafield owned 
a large S(|uare ])ew. Two sons died in early youth; three daugh- 
ters, Ann Eliza, Knnua and Caroline Augusta died unmarried; 
Susan Maria, l)orn February 25, 1805, died June 1(), 18(il ; mar- 
ried, October 7, 1829, Henry Parish, merchant of New York. 
She had no children. Seven sons lived to old age and did their 



sliai-e in d('V('l()i)iiii>- the resources and prosperity of their native 

Jolin Delafield, .)i-., ))oi'n in the cit}- of Xew York, January 
22, 1786, died at his fann "Oakhmds," near (ieneva, Seneea 
county, New York, October 22, 1853, and was l)ni-ied at (Ieneva. 
Immediately on being graduated at Columbia college, 1S()2, he 
was given a i>osition in the commercial firm of Le Roy, I'>ayar.l 
& McEvens, and, anxious to see the world, was nnich to liis 
delight sent l\v them the following year as supercargo of a \es- 
sel loaded with flour to Lisbon. Soon after he established him- 
self as a merchant and made several voyages to Enrope and the 
"West Indies, in one of which he was wrecked. In 1807 he loaded 
the brig "Fame" on his own account with sugar at Havana tind 
sailed for England; forced by stress of weather into Corunn:i, 
Spain, he was ordered, January 17, 1808, to depart instantly, the 
French opening fire ui)on the harbor. The ship's cal)les were 
cut and he went to sea short of ]H'ovisions and the vessel leak- 
ing, carrying, besides his own crew, a jiriest and a family of 
noble S])anisli refugees, who had come to his vessel in the night 
Ha])pi!y all arrived in safety in the Thames. 

Settling in London he remained there from 1808 to 1820 as 
a merchant and banker.- During the war of 1812-15 was held as 
a in'isoner on t)aro!e; his l)(ninds, throngh the influence of his 
uncle. Joseph Delafield. included the city of London and fifteen 
miles ai'onnd Uxbridge, where he hired a conntry seat and in- 
dulged his absorbing ])assion for agriculture. His business af- 
fairs prospered to a marked degree, but in 1819 came heavy 
losses. In reference to this ])art of Mr. I^elafield's life, Wash- 
ington Irving wrote "The Wife," one of the chai)ters of the 
Sketch Book. Early in 1820 Mr. Delafield returned to Xew Yoi-k 
and in the following August was ap])ointe(l cashier of the 
Phenix bank, retaining the office nntil 1838, when he was elected 


l)resident of the l^ank, resigning the position the same year to 
accept the presidency of the Xew York Banking Company. Din-- 
ing all of this period he interested himself in a small farm on 
the East river at Hell Gate, which he brought to the highest 
state of cultivation. ^Ir. Delafield revived and served as presi- 
dent of the Philharmonic Society, which for many years had 
]iractically ceased to exist. 

In 1842 Mr. Delafield purchased "Oaklands." a large farm 
on Lake Seneca, state of Xew York, and devoting the remainder 
of his life to its im])rovement it became the model farm of the 
state of Xew York. During his life he had occupied many posi- 
tions of trust and of importance, but nothing pleased him more 
than his election, in 1850, to the i)residency of the Xew York 
State Agricultural Society. 

John Delafield Jr., was twice married — first at Ht)llington 
("hurch, Middlesex, England, to his cousin Mary, born Fel)runry 
L'2, 178(i. died in London. March 19, 1818, and buried in Pen- 
tonville Chapel, only child of .John and Mary Roberts, of Wbit- 
chun-li, Buckinghamshire, the last of an ancient and honorable 
family — they had issue 1 dolin Delafield. Md. born Englau<1. 
()ctol)er 21, 1812, died England, December 12, 18(5(5; graduate! 
C'olumbia College, 18^50. A lawyer by i)rofession. he was by 
choice a student and linguist. Pul)lished in Xew York and 
London, 1839. the "Antirpiities of America." He married, .hnie 
14, 1833, Edith, daughter of Kev. M. (1. Wallace, of Terre Haute. 
Indiana, and left issue: Edith Delafield, born at Columbus. Ohio. 
March 23. 183(5. died at St. Louis, Missouri, March 2S. 18(54; 
married, at St. Louis. February 1. 1854. Christian Kribltcn. of 
St. Louis, and left issue: I5ertrain D. and Edith Wallace Kribben. 
Wallace Delafield. born at Cincinnati. Ohio. May 1. 1S41), mar 
ried. at St. Louis. Missouri, April 23. 1874. Lizzie T.. daughter 
of Richard P. Hanenkamp. (Mrs. Delafield is the Regent of 


the Daiightei's of tlic Aiiien-iaii Hevolution in St. I^onis) and 
lias issue, all honi at St. Louis; Agnes, Edith, Lizzie, Kdna and 
a son Walhice, l)t)rn May 25, 1878. Mary Delafield, born at 
Arein])]iis. Tennessee, July oO, 1842, now deceased; married, at 
Duncan's Falls. Ohio, October 16, 1862. George Sturges, of 
Chicago, and left issue. 2. Mary Ann, born at Uxbridge. Eng- 
land, November 6, 1818. died Xew York; married, November 6, 
1832, Cornelius l)u Bois, merchant of New York, and left issue. 
]\rrs. Du Bois founded the Nursery and Child's Hospital of Xew 
York. o. Charles, l)orn at AVoburn Place, Ijondon, England. 
February 4, 1815, died at St. l^ouis, Missouri, .June 4, 1842; 
married, August 11, 1836, Louisa, daughter of P. Pbtter, of 
Poughkeeiisie and left issue, an only son, the Rev. l^r. Walter 
Delafield. The town of Delafield in Wisconsin is iiamed after 

John Delafield, Jr., married (second) Harriet T., daughter 
of Colonel P)enjainin Tallmadge, and had: 1. Tallniadge, born 
.Se))teml)er 1, 1829, merchant, married, October 2, 1850, Anna, 
daughter of Thomas Lawrence, and has issue. 2. Clarence, 
born ]\Iay (i, 1831, civil engineer, married. April f). 18(i2. Eliza, 
daughter of John Payne, and has issue. 3. ]\lary Floyd, l)oru 
]\[ay 11, 1834, deceased; married, November 4, 1858, Right Rev. 
Henry A. Neely, Bisho]) of ]\[aine, she left no issue surviving 

Major Joseph Delafield, born August 22, 1790, died at his 
residence, 475 Fifth avenue, February 12, 1875. He was grad- 
uated at Yale College, 1808. Studied law in the office of Josiah 
Ogden Hoifman, was admitted to the bar October 29, 1811, and 
the same year became a partner of Mr. Hoffman. ^larch 12. 
1810, he was appointed lieutenant in the Fifth Regiment Xew 
York State ^Militia, and ca]itain of drafted militia Februai-y 4, 
1812. Decembei' 29, 1812, he was connnissioned to a captaincy 


in Hawkin's regiment of artillery in the regular army of the 
Ignited States, and ])romoted major of the Forty-Sixth Infantry 
Aiiril 15, 1814. At the close of the war he resigned from tlie 
a rmy . 

He Avas a])pointed agent for the Ignited States nnder the 
sixth and seventh articles of the Treaty of Ghent for settling 
t!ie northern honndary of the Tnited States, and had command 
of the parties in the field, military and civil, from dannary, ISl'l, 
until the completion of the work in 182S — the survey extending 
Irom the river St. Regis in the state of New York to the Lake of 
the AVoods. Because of the inclemency of the climate aud the 
uatuie of the couiiti'y. much of which was inhahited almost ex- 
clusively by Indians, the woik of the conunissiou could only l)e 
prosecuted during the (Continuance of the moderate weather, 
hence Air. Oelalield was able to pass the winters in Xew York 
and in Washington. !). (*. The president of the United States 
and cDiigi-tss formally acknowledged the services rendered by 
Major Delafield in the dischai'ge of his duties. While in the 
noi-th Al'ijor Delafield added materially to his cdPection of min- 
(^.••i|s, which foi' many years was esteemed as one of the best in 
private hands in this country. The collection has now found a 
l>ermanent home at the New ^'ol■l•; rni\-ersit>-, to which it has 
been given by the heii's of Major Delafield. In this connection 
Professor Egliston, of Columbia rniversity. wrote: "The sci- 
ence of mineralogy owes a debt of gratitude to Major Delafield 
which ought not to be forgotten, and memory will be {k'V- 
pihi:!ttd in the science which he loved so well." 

Major Delafield was a member of many si-ientific societies, 
both foreign and American. Foi- nearly forty years, 1S27 to 
ISIil), he was president of the Lyceum of Natural IIisto)-\- of New 
Yoi-k-, known during the latter part of his presidency and now 
known as the New York Academv of Sciences. He was a trustee 


of the ColU'ue of riiysiciniis and Surgeons and of other institu- 
tions, and a vestryman of Trinity chnrcli. 

In 1829 Major Delafield acquired a tract of land of two 
hundred and fifty acres on the Hudson river, al)out a mile above 
the Si)uyten Duyvil creek, then a i)art of the town of Yonkers, 
AVestchestei' county, now in th.e Twenty-foui'th ward of the city 
of New York, to which he gave the name of Fnllerton. Here he 
had built a b.u'heloi- establishment, some time later destroyed by 
tire, and discovering limestone on the i>roi)erty, erected a lime 
kiln on a French ]ilan, which could be kept in continuous oi)era- 
tion, a (juality theretofore unknown in America. The enter- 
])rise for several years yielded large returns without i'e(|niring 
much of his })ersonal time or attention. 

In 1849 Alajor Delafield built a house in a beautiful posi- 
tion, ovei'looking the ri\'er. which he oceu])ied dui'ing the sum- 
mer foi' the i-emainder of his life, interesting himself in the im- 
provement of the estate. 

Major Delafield married, December 12, 1833, Julia, born at 
Staatsburgh, Se])tember 15, 1801, died in Xew 'York, June 23, 
1882, eldest daughter of Judge Maturin Livingston, of New 
Yoi'k, and Staatsburgh. Dutchess county. New Vork, and bis 
wife. Margaret (Lewis) Livingston, only child of (ieneral Alor- 
gan Lewis, chief justice and goverrmr of the state of New Yoi-k, 
l)resident of tlie Order of the Cincinnati and son of Francis 
Lewis, "The Signer," and his wife, Elizabetli (Annesly) 

Major and Julia Delafield had children: Lewis L., born 
Novemlier ."'., IS."!-!-. Julia Livingston, boi'u September 10, 18.")7. 
Jose])h, Jr., born August .1, 1839, died February 24, 1848. 

(Ill) Lewis L. Delafield, born at his father's I'esidence in 
Park I'lace, New York city, November 3, 183)4, died at his resi- 
dence, No. 24- West Seventeenth street, March 28, 1883. He was 


graduated at t]ie C'olnml)ia Colleg-e, 1855, studied law in the 
office of his uncle, Alexander Hamilton, Jr., admitted attorney 
at law, 1857, a triistee of School of Mines, Columbia College, 
one of the foimders of the Bar Association of New York, 1870, 
vestryman of Calvary church, New York, and of Christ church, 
Riverdale. Mr. Delafield inherited and occupied, in summer, 
his father's residence and the grounds immediately adjacent, at 
Fieldston. He married. April 23, 1862, Emily, daughter of 
Frederick Prime, of New York, and Edgewood, New Rochelle, 
New York. By his second wife, Lydia, daughter of Dr. Robert 
Hare, of Philadelphia, they had four children: 

1. Lewis L. Delafield, born New York city, January 30, 
1863, graduated at Columbia College Law School, 1884, and ad- 
mitted attorney at law the same year. He received in 1906 from 
his brother lawyers and the Republican party the nomination 
for one of the justiceships of the supreme court of the state of 
New York. He married, April 25, 1885, Charlotte Hoffman, 
daughter of Leonard J. and Charlotte (Prime) Wyeth, and has 
three children: Lewis L.. Jr.. bom October 27, 1886; Charlotte, 
born April 6, 3889; Emily, born July 28, 1900. 

2. Robert Hare Delafield, born at Edgewood, July 13, 1864, 
died at the residence of his mother, Fieldston, November 20, 
1906. He married, at San Francisco, California, August 14, 
1889, Aune Shepherd, daughter of George Francis and Mary 
Pindell (Hammond) Lloyd, of Virginia, and left issue, Robert 
Hare, Jr., born at San Francisco, California, January 25, 1894, 
and Mary Hammond, born at San Francisco, California, April 2, 

3. Frederick Prime Delafield, born at 475 Fifth avenue, 
New York city, February 2, 1868. Graduated at Columbia Col- 
lege Law School and admitted attorney at law, 1891. He mar- 
ried, November 10, 1898, Elsie, daughter of Charles G. and 


Georg-iana (Williams) Barber, of New York, and has Frederick 
Prime, Jr., born September 2. 1902, at Fieldston, Riverdale, and 
Charles Barber, born Jnne 28, 1905, at Fieldston, Riverdale. 

4. Emily Delafield, born New York city, Sei»tember 10, 
1870, married, Jnne 21, 1901, at the residence of her mother, at 
Fieldston, Dr. Kolfe Floyd, only child of Angnstus and Emma 
Floyd, of Mastic, Long Island, and has had issue: Rolfe, Jr., 
bom July 13, 1902. Richard, born May 4, 1904, died February 
16, 1905. Emily Delafield, born July 31, 1905. 

(IV) Maturin L. Delafield, born at the residence of his 
father, 104 Franklin street. New York city, February 17, 1836. 
Was graduated at Cohnnbia College, 1856, and three years later 
received the degree of A. M. After two years' experience in 
the counting house of his uncle, Henry Delafield, during which 
time he made a voyage as supercargo of the brig "Bohio" to 
Porto Rico and Haiti, he engaged in the West Indian business 
on his own account, and being fortunate, retired in a few years 
from active business. Mr. Delafield 's chief residence is at 
Fieldston on Hudson, where he built a stone house in 1869. He 
has also a summer home, "Sunswyck," at West Hampton, Long- 
Island, New York, built in 1876. 

Maturin L. Delafield married, December 1, 1868, Mary Cole- 
man Livingston, only surviving child of Eugene A. Livingston, 
of Clermont on Hudson, by his first wife, Harriet, daughter of 
Edward and Mary Jane (Ross) Coleman, of Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. !\lrs. Delafield's only In-other, Eugene l^ivingston, left 
school at the breaking out of the great Civil war to enlist in the 
Union army; stricken with fever in the camp before Washing- 
ton, D. C., he was brought to his father's home at Clermont to 
die. December 31, 1861, a few days before his seventeenth birth- 
day. ]\Iaturin L. and Mary C. Delafield have issue: 

1. Maturin L. Delafield, Jr., born at the residence of his 



giaudfathei-, ^lajor .Idsepli Delatield, 475 Fifth avenue, Xew 
York city, Sei)temher 2i), 18()9. entered Columbia College, class 
of 1893, l)ut withdrew in his second year to engage in business, 
III health, however, obliged him to abandon the work, and for 
many years he has resided at St. ^loritz, Switzerland. He mar- 
ried. November 21, 1898, Lettice Lee. daughter of Charles Ed- 
win and Letitia (Campbell) Sands. 

2. Joseph L. Delafield, born at 475 Fifth avenue, Xew York 
city, enteied Columbia College, class of 189;;, but withdrew to 

Eugene Livingston. 

enter the Xew York T./aw School, and was admitted attorney at 
law in July, 1895, and |)ractices his })rofession in X"ew York city. 
He married, at the Brick Presl)yterian chundi, X"ew York city. 
May 5. 190^. Alary Kenwick Sloane. daughter of William Milli. 
gan and Alary I-^. (Johnston) Sloane, of Xew A'ork. 

.'!. John Ross Delatield, l)oni at the residence of his i)arents. 
Fieldston, Riverdale-on-Hudson, Alay 8, 1874, was graduated 
at the (\)llege of Xew Jersey, 189(i, received the degi'ee of Alas- 
tei- of Ai'ts from Princeton I^ni\'ersity in 1899. and was grad- 
uated at Harvard T^aw School, 1899; admitted the same vear 


to the lull- of the state of Xcw York, and .low practices his pi-o- 
ffcssion in the city of New Vovk. Mi'. lU'hiilehl built himself a 
iTsideiice at Fiehlston Hill. Kiverdaie-uii-Ihiilson. New York 
( ity. ill li)()."), and has a residence on Seventy-ninth stre.'t. Mar- 
ried, at Church of the Heavenly Kest, New York City, dune U. 
1904. \'ioletta, daughter of John d. and Louisa Lawrance (Wet- 
more) \Viiite. ?ilrs. White was one of the daughters of General 
rros]/ei' ^Montgomery Wetmore. bom Felirnary 14. 179S. died 
}.iarcli 1.', 1S7(>, organizer and first colonel of the Seventh Regi-;it of X?\v York and a general of state militia. Mr. and ]\Irs. 
l)?:afield have issue: John White Koss Delalield, born at the 
r. iidence of ]\\< parents 111 East Thirty-ninth street. New York 
( ity. May 12. 1!)()5. 

4. dn'.ia L. Delalield. burn at the red(h-ii(e of her parents 
rt Field-ton. IJiverdale-on-IIudson. (ktuber 14, ISTo, married. 
at tiie rc.ride:ice of her parents. 475 Fifth avenue. New York 
City. April 80, 1901, Frederick William Longfellow (graduated 
: t Harvard Law School in L'^91). and has issue: Julia Delalield 
i,o:igfe!lov.-.. 1)0! n at Fiehlston, Riverdale-nn-Hudson, April 2S, 
19ilJ. Frederick Livingston Longfellow. Iiora at the country 
seat of his })aieats, ILxiue Bluffs. Maine. .August 18, lOO.'J. 
Eliz:TlKth Delafieid Longfellow, bom at the residence of her 
])ai-ents. '2S'2 West Seventieth street. New ^'(n•k City, February 
14. 1905. 

5. Kdward Coleman Delafieid, bi)rn at the country seat of 
liis parents. "Suuswyidv," West llampcon. Long Island, July 
10, 1S77, was graduated at Princeton Lniversity in 1899, and is 
engaged in business in New Yoi'k. lie resides chiefly at Fields- 
Ion Hill. Kiverdal?-on-Hudson. where lie built himself a house 
in HH)5. Married, at St. Thomas Church. Xcw \'ork City, Ajtril 
."SO. 19(11). Ahirgaretta Stockton, daughter of .Mercer and ^fary 
(Stockton) l^x'aslev (4' Xt'W Jersev. grandchild of Chief Justice 



Beasley, of Xew Jersey, and oi' (Teneral liohert Field Stockton, 
a descendant of tlie "Signer," and has issne: Alatni'in Living- 
st.)n Delafield, ord, l)orn at the residence of his grandfather, 
:\Iaturin L. Delafield, 475 Fifth avenue, .Maivli 17, IDOl. Mar- 
garetta Stockton Delafield, born at the residence of her i)a rents, 
20 East Thirty-fifth street, New York City, November '^, 1904. 
Edward Coleman Delafield, born at the residence of his jiarents, 
20 East Thirty-fifth street. New York City, February 14, l!)(Hi. 
(). Alary Livingston Delafield, born at the residence of her 
l)a rents at Fieldston, Riverdale-on-Hndson, November 23, 1878. 

7. Harriet Coleman Delafield, l)orn at the residence of her 
parents at Fieldston, May 7, 1880, married, at the Church of 
the Heavenly Rest, New York City, April 28, 190(), darvis Pom- 
eroy Carter. Mr. Carter was graduated at Columbia C^ollege, 
li)02, and the Columbia Fniversity Law School, 1905. 

8. Eugene L. Delafield, born at the country seat of his 
parents, "Sunswyck," West Hampton, Long Island, August K!, 
1882, was graduated at Stevens Institute of Technology, 1905, 
mechanical engineering. He married, September 2(!, 1906, at 
the First Presbyterian Church at Tennent, New Jersey, Mar- 
garett Nevius, only child of John T. and Margarett S. (Nevius) 
WoodhuU, of New Jersey. 

Senator James Ross, born in York county, Pennsylvania, 
July 12, 1762, died in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, November 

27, 1847. James and his sister Elizabeth, wife of 

A\'liiteford, were the only children of Jose[)li and Jane (Gra- 
ham) Ross who survived infancy. James' wife, Jane (Graham) 
Ross, was the sole survivor of her family. Mr. Ross served as 
a young man in the Revolutionary army; was one of the most 
])rominent meml)ers of the First Pennsyh ania Constitutional 
Convention; represented his native state in the I'nited States 
seiiate from 1794 to 1803; for three terms, in 1799, 1802 and 


iSd."). a caiididatc of tlic Federal ])ai'ty in Peiitisyhaiiia i'or the 
ol'lii'c of i>()\('riioi- ; was cliairiiian of the coimnittee named by 
Washington to ('oni]iose the ^Vlliskey Insnri'ection ; was a leg^al 
adviser and ;in intimate friend of (lenei'al \\'asliin<>ton. 

lie married, .lannary l."?, 17!*!, Ann, horn at l>edford. Penn- 
sylvania, Jannary 1^0, 1771, died at ('ornwaH, I^ennsylvania, Sep- 
tember 11, ISO."), danoiiter of John Woods, of Bedfoi'd, Penn- 
sylvania, a coUjiiel of the Pennsylvania ti'oo])s during the Revo- 
hition, and the chief officer for Bedford county, Pennsylvania, 
under the first constitution of the state. Of Senator and Ann 
Ross' children only one married, namely, Mary .lane, born at 
I'irtsbnrg, dune 28, 17J)7, died at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Sep- 
tejuber 27, 1825. Married, at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, October 
7, 181(i, Edward Coleman, of Lancaster and I*hiladeli)liia, mem- 
bei- of the asseml)ly and of the senate of the state of Pennsyl- 
vania, born at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, duly 4, 1792, died at 
Philadelphia, June 6, 1841. Edward and Mary Jane l\oss Cole- 
man had three children: 

1. Mary Jane Coleman, born August 2."), 1825, died un- 
mairied ]\Iarch 2."!, 1847. 

2. Anne Ross Coleman, born November 8. 1818, died at 
Edinburgh, Scotland, December 2, 1895; married George Wool- 
sey Aspinwall. Their children all died young and unmarried. 

;!. Harriet Coleman, born 5. 1820, died .May 8, 1848; 
manied, at Philadelphia, December 7, 1841, Eugene A. Living- 
ston, of Clermont, Xew York, born at the residence of his grand- 
fa tliei-. Chancellor Robert R. Livingston, at (Mermont, Columbia 
county, Xew York, August 1."), 181.'), died at Nice, France, Deceni- 
bei- 22, 18P,'), and had Eu'iC'ie, and Mary Colenuni Livingston, 
who married Matuviu L. Delatield, as uu'utioiu'd in the text. 

Mr-:. Delafie'd and her children are the only descendants of 
tlu'ii- (iraliam. Ross and Coleman pi'ogt'uitois, above mentioned 


!l(i- t'jitlicv. Fiiigvne A. Livingston, luariicd (second) p]liza- 
))i'tli IJIiodcs, danghtcr of Coleman and Mary Fisher, of Pliila- 
dclpliia. and had two sons and three daughters, of whom one 
(huighter is married, namelx', Katlierine ^NlcCall Livingston, 
mai'ried, .luiie L 1SS2, William 15. Slinhrick (Mymer, who died 
May 7, IfH),"?, leaving an only chihL George (Mymer, l)orn April 
i;{. ISS,"). married, April 5, 1905, Susan, daugliter of Dr. Enssell 
Stnrges, of Boston, and lias issue, William P. S. Clymer, l)orn 
,.];nui:!r\ I'd, P.IOC. 

lIeni-\- and William Delafield, twins, liorn at the country seat 
of their father. "Snnswiek," Long Island, July 19, 1792. Will- 
iam died unmarried at the I'esidence of his sister, Mrs. Henry 
Pa.i'ish, New Vork City. Xoxendier :!(>, Lsr).'!; Henry died at his 
residence. :i()9 Fifth aA'enue, Feln-uary 1.1, lS7r). These two 
hruthers resemhled each other so closely that oidy intimate 
friends could distinguish one from the other, and from boyhood 
weie inse])aral)le— not ln]>|)y except in each other's company. 
Asscci.'ited in business as sliijiping merchants and shi]) owners, 
nniler the finn name of Henry and William Delafield, they did 
busine-s first ^vith Fngland, later with Cliina, South America and 
the AVest Indies, fina'ly restricting their business almost exclus- 
ivel>' witli the West Indies. Henry for many years was consul 
for H'lyti, during the reign of the Empercn- Sonlocpie, 1851 to 
1S59; and both bi-others occujjied many [){)sitions of trust. On 
the death of \\'illiani, 1S5.'), Henry lost all his interest in active 
( (unmercial l)Usine^,-^ ; a.-^s()ciated his nephew, Tallmadge Dela- 
fit'ld, ill the business, under the fii'ui name of Delafield cV: Com- 
] any, from which he retired May 1, 1S57. For some years he oc- 
cupied liinisrif as a directoi' in sevei'al com])anics in which he 
was inlt'i'ested. The shippiiig business of the old firm was con- 
tii'.ued for seveial years hy TaI'madge Delafield; the trust and 


banking affairs were i)laeed by Wv. Delafield in the hands of Ma- 
turin L. Delafield, another one of his nephews. 

Henry Delafield 's country seat, which he occupied fi'oui 
1831, during the summer months, was on Manhattan Island, at 
what is now Seventy-sixth street. The estate of over forty acres 
had been i)urchased l)y Dr. John Baker, an Englishman, and 
was in sight of "Sunswick," on the opposite (Long Island) shore 
of the river. As countrymen by birth, the family of Dr. Baker 
and that of John Delafield became intimate. Dr. Baker ai)point- 
ed ^Ir. Delafield the executor of his will, and dying childless, be- 
queathed, subject to the life of his wife, who died in 1831, his 
country place, first to Henry Delafield, then in turn to the Dela- 
field Brothers for their lives and on their deaths to become the 
property of Trinity Church School. A print of the residence 
may be found in Valentine's Corporation Manual for 1862, page 

Henry Delafield married, at the residence of his l)rother. 
Major Joseph Delafield, 475 Fifth avenue, February 9, 1865, 
Mary Parish, born March 6, 1838, at Hobart, New York, died at 
her husband's residence, 269 Fifth avenue, May 16, 1870, eldest 
daughter of Judge Ijevinus Monson, of Hobart, New York, and 
had issue an only child, Mary Frances Henrietta Delafield, born 
at her father's residence, June 9, 1869, died at the same place 
October 27, 1886. 

Dr. Fdward Delafield, son of John and Ann Dehifield, born 
at his father's residence, 35 Pearl street. New York City, May 
17, 1794, died at his residence. 1 East Seventeenth street, corner 
Fifth avenue. New York City, February 13, 1875. Was grad- 
uated at Yale College; New Haven, Connecticut, 1812, and at the 
College of Physicians cV- Surgeons, 1815: served as surgeon in 
the United States army — war 1814-15. He sailed, August, 1817, 
in the "Minerva," Captain Sketchley, for London, where he be- 


came a favorite pui»il of Sir Astley Cooper and of Dr. Aber- 
nethy, and by tbe advice of bis preceptors i)assed some time in 
tbe bosj)itals at Paris. Returning to New York be founded, in 

1820, associated witb Dr. J. Kearny Rodgers, tbe New York Eye 
and Ear Infirmary, and was tbe senior surgeon from 1825 to 
1852. In 1834 be was ai)i)ointed one of tbe attending- pbysicians, 
and in 1835 professor of ol)stetrics and diseases of women and 
cbiklren in tbe (*ollege of Pliysicians and Surgeons; from 1834 
to 1838 pbysician to the New York Hospital, founded 1842, and 
president of tlie Society for tbe Relief of Widows and Orpbans 
of Medical Men ; first president of tbe New York Optbalmologi- 
cal Society, 1865; in 1858 was cbosen president of tbe College of 
Pbysicians and Surgeons; in 1858 be was senior consulting pby- 
sician of St. Luke's Hospital, and from its establisbment in 
1872 senior consulting pbysician of tbe Women's Hospital and 
president of tbe ^ledical Board; from 1854 president of tbe 
medical board of tbe Nursery and Cbild's Hospital; at tbe or- 
ganization of tbe Roosevelt Hosi)ital, in 1867, be was appointed 
a meml)er of tbe board of governors, and was afterwards cbosen 
president, retaining tbe office during bis life. Dr. Delafield's 
country seats were, first on tbe Floyd estate at Mastic, Long 
Island, and later at Darien, Connecticut, wbere be purchased a 
tract of land to wbicli be gave tbe name of Felsenbof. 

Dr. Edward Delafield was twice married; first, October 12, 

1821, to Elinoi- Ebzal)et]i Langdon Elwyn, daughter of Thomas 
and Elinor Elwyn, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. ^Irs. Dela- 
field w;is tbe only cliild and heii' of (rovernor Langdon, of New 
Hampsbire; she was born July 19, 1799, at Portsmouth. New 
Hampshire, and died in the city of New York, April 24, is;'.4. Dr. 
and I^linor Delafield had issue, tbree sons and three daiiiihters, 
all of wboiu (lied umnanied before their father. Dr. Delafield 
married (second), .laiiuarv '.\\, 1S.",9, at tbe residence of tbe 


l)i-i(le's father. Mastic. Loiii"' Nhunl, Xcw York. .Iiilia Fluyd, honi 
July ;. ISiiS, ;!t Mastic, died Aui>iist IS. 1S7!». at licr residence, 
'■]''elsciili(if." Darieii, Connecticut, daughter of Colonel Xicoll 
Floyd. ;!ii(l aranddangliter of William Floyd, '•the Signer," of 
Mastic, Long Island, and had issue two sons and three daugh- 

1. Catherine Floyd Delatield. horn Xovemher S, IS."!;), uiar- 
ried. at the Chui'ch of the Ascension, New York City, Ai)ril 7, 
lS(io. Kdward Markoe AVright, and has issue: Edward Delafield 
Wright, horn January ^o, 1S(U, married, August 2(i, 1SS5, at 
Huntingdon. Long Island, P^lla Blanchard Pratt, daughter of 
AYilliam B. and Susie (loddard (Snelling) Pratt. Emily Hart- 
man Wright, liorn New York City, April 8, L8(i(i. Francis Alark- 
oe Wright, horn New York City, ]\larch 28, 18(58. 

■J. Dr. Francis Delatield, liorn New York City, August 8, 
18-l-L was graduated at Yale College, 1860, and at the College of 
Phy.sicians and Surgeons, New York City, L8()o; studied his ])ro- 
fession in Paris, Berlin and London; has filled the following 
among other offices : Surgeon in the New York Eye and Ear In- 
firmary; ]ihysician and ])athologist to the Poosevelt Hospital, 
1871 ; physician to Bellevue Hos}ntal, 1874; adjunct professor, 
1875, and suliseqnently, 1882, professor of pathology and the 
])ractice of medicine in the New York College of Physicians and 
Surgeons; consulting iiliysician to Bellevue Hospital, 1885; and 
188(i first president of the Association of American Physicians 
and [Pathologists. He has contrihuted to the science of medicine 
the ''Manual of Physical Diagnosis," 1878, and hook of "Post 
Mortem Examinations on Morbid Anatomy," 1872. studies in 
"Pathological Anatomy," 1882, and hand hook of " i'atholog- 
i<'al Anatomy." 1885. Dr. P^'rancis Delatield mnrriid. .lauuary 
17. 1870. Katharine, daughter of Colonel Heni-y and Elizaheth 
Ynu Kensselaer. of ()u(lensl)nrg and New York Citv. .Mrs. Dela- 


field was a gTanddanghter of Governor .lohn Alsop King, of 
New York, and lias issue : 

1. Klizalx'tli IJay Delalield, Ijorn Xew York City, Sejiteni- 
ber 15, 1872. 

2. Julia Floyd Delafield, horn Xew York City, August 2, 
1874, married, November 11, 189(), at the church of the Holy 
Comnuniion, New York City, Frederick \"an Schoenhoven 
Crosby, and has issue. 

3. Cornelia Van Renselaer Uelatield, born New York 
City, February 22, 1876. 

4. Edward Henry Delafield, l)orn New York City, Decem- 
ber 23, 1880, married, October 1, 1904, Winifred, daughter of 
George Winthrop and Frances (Fuller) Folsom, and has issue. 

3. Emma Harriot Delaheld, born May 26, 1844, resides at 
her country seat "Felsenhof," Darien, Connecticut. 

4. Augustus Floyd Delafield, l)orn January 2, 1847, died 
at his country seat at Noroton, Connecticut, July 18, 1904, grad- 
uated at Columl)ia College, 18()(), and at Friel)urg, Saxony; re- 
ceived the degree of Ph. 1). from the Coluinl)ia College School 
of Minds, 1879. Mr. Delafield married, October 19, 187G, Mary 
Anna, daughter of George Augustus and Catherine Janet (Ack- 
ennan) Baker, of New York City; he left no issue. 

5. Alice Delafield, born Xew York City, :\Iarcli 3, 1849, 
married, at the Church of the Ascension, Xi'w \ ovk City, April 
21, 1868, Howard Clarkscn, son of William P.. and Adelaide 
(Livingston) Clarkson, and has issue, all born in the city of 
New York: 

1. Adelaide Livingston Clarkson, l)orn January 29, 1870, 
married, April 11, 1898, at the Church of the Incarnation, X'ew 
York City, CUermont L. Clarkson, of Xew York. 

2. Alice Delafield Clarkson, born January 9, 1872, mar- 
rif^l, X^ovember 9, 190(), at the residence of her parents, X'^o. 58 


West Thirty- seventh street, New York City, Jolm Henry Liv- 
ingston, of Clermont, New York. 

."). Julia Floyd Clarkson, hui'u October "Jo, 1875, married, 
Ain-il 28, 1897, at the Church of the Incarnation, New York City, 
Eugene Dexter Hawkins, of New York, and has issue. 

4. Cornelia Livingston (Markson, l)orn April 19, 1878. 

5. Emily Delatield Clarkson, ])orn April 19, 1878, died 
New York City, Deeenilier 9, 1887. 

General Richard Delatield, born at the residence of his 
father, 25 Wall street. New York City, September 1, 1798, died 
at his residence, 1715 I street, Washington, D. C., November 5, 
1873; married twice, first, at the headquarters of General 
Gratiot, Old Point Comfort, Mrginia, July 24, 1824, to Helen, 
daughter of Andrew and (Stewart) Summers, of Phil- 
adelphia. ]\h-s. Delafield died November 23, 1824, at Fort Jack- 
son on the Mississippi. He married (second), at the residence 
of the bride's uncle. Judge Baldwin, near Alexandria on the 
Red river, June 2, 1833, Harriet Baldwin, born July 7, 1811, 
died December 14. 1894, at her residence, 1715 I street, Wash- 
ington, D. C, eldest daughter of General Elijah Mormon an:l 
H.irriet W. (Baldwin) Covington, of Covington, Kentucky, and 
had issue, two sons and six daughters: 

1. Henry Delafield born June 22, 1834, died in early youth. 
2. Susan Parish Delafield, born April 28, 1836, at Philadel])liia, 
died at the family residence, (i West Eighteenth street. New 
Y'ork City, June 1, 1896. 3. Juliet Covington Delafield, l)()i-n 
September 29, 1837, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 4. Corne- 
lia Delafield, born June 30, 1839, at superintendent's head- 
(|uarters. West Point, New York, died at the same i)lace Sep- 
tem])er 14, 1839. 5. Emma Delafield, born September 29. 1840, 
at superintendent's headcpiarters. West Point, New York. (5. 
Laura Delafield, born July 5, 1843, at superintendent's head- 


(luarters, West Point, New York, died Xoveml)er 20, 1886, at the 
family residence, 1715 I street, AVashington, 1). C. 7. Albert 
Delafield. horn Mai-ch 7, 1846, at Xew Bridgton, Staten Island, 
was graduated at the College of the City of New York, 1868, and 
at the Columbia C*ollege Law School, 1870; admitted attoruey- 
atdaw dune 7, 1870. lie married, June 14, 1882, at Greenport, 
Long Island, Julia Delafield, daughter of David Gelston and 
Lydia (Smith) Floyd, of Grreenport, Long Island. Mr. Floyd 
was a grandson of General William Floyd, "the Signer," of 
Elastic, and has issue one child — Grace Floyd Delafield. 8. 
Harriet Cecil Delafield, l)oni August 9, 1849, at Fort Riclmiond, 
Staten Island, New York, died at the residence of her mother, 
6 West Eighteenth street. New York City, June 7, 1882; mar- 
ried, November 18, 1880, at Calvary Church, New York City, 
Edgar J. Shipman, and had issue an only child, Richard Dela- 
field Shipman, born May 17, 1882, at 6 West Eighteenth street. 
New York City. 

Kufus King Delafield, youngest son of .John and Ann Dela- 
field, I)()rn at his father's residence, 16 Wall street. New York 
City, November 18, 1802, died at the residence of his son-in-law, 
dolm T. Hall, 253 Fifth avenue, New York City, Feluiiary (i, 
1874. An officer of the Phenix Bank, 1823 to 1835; actuary and 
secretary of the Farmers' Loan cV' Trust Company, .huic, 1835, 
to July, 1852. Afterward he occupied himself in tlic manufact- 
uve of hydraulic cement, and was for many years ])resident of 
the Delafield & Baxter Cement Co. Like his brothers, he wished 
for a life in the country, and, as soon as the cares of Inisiness 
would permit, he moved to New Brighton, Staten Island, where 
he brought his country seat to the highest state of cultivation. 

Mr. Delafield married, November 8, 183(), Eliza Bard, born 
at Hvde l^ark, Dutchess countv. New York, Xovemiier 27. 1813, 


died ]\Iay <), i;)()2, daiigliter of William and Catherine (Crnger) 
Bard, of Jlyde Park, New Voik, and had issue: 

1. Edward Delafield, l)()rn Xo. '2 College ])lace, Xew York 
City, Oc'tohei- 1.'!, Is;')!, died at his country seat, Lenox, Massa- 
chusetts, November 28, 1SS4. Mr. Delatield was a member of 
th-:" New York Stock Exchange, formed tlie tirm of Delatield & 
Fiteli, and after his father's death was president of the Dela- 
field & Baxter Cement Co. Jle married, October 3, 1861, Eliza- 
beth Remsen, daughter of Frederick and Catlierine A. (Rem- 
seu) Schuchardt, l)y whom he left issue: a. Rufus Delatield, 
born at the residence of liis grandfather, Hufus King Delatield, 
New Brighton, New York, -June 5, 18()o, married, April 27, 1886, 
Elizabeth Breese, daugliter of Sidney E. and Anna M. (Church) 
Morse; no issue, h. Frederick Schuchardt Delatield, l)orn 
A|n"il 8, 1865, at New Brighton, Staten Island, married, ()ct()l)er 
16, 1894, Annie Oakley, daughter of Frederick W. Brooks, and 
has issue one daughter, born December 15, 1897. 

•2. William Bard Delatield, born October 11, 1888, died un- 
married June 1, 1862. 

.'!. Rufus Delatield, born No. 2 College place, New York 
City, July 3, 1840, died at Alexandria, Virginia, unmarried, De- 
cember 28, 18()1. While a student at the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, New York City, he was appointed at the com- 
mencement of the great Civil war, in 1861, a medical cadet of 
the United States army, serving as an assistant surgeon of the 
Sixteenth Regiment, New York State \^olunteers. Detailed to 
the general hos])ital at Alexandria, Virginia, he contracted 
tyi/lioid fever from which he died December 28, 18(51. 

4. Heni'v Parish Delatield, l)oni No. 2 College ])lace. New 
York ('ity, July 18, 1842, died at his country seat. Stone Ridge, 
rister county, Xew Yoi-k, July 1, 1904; married at Grace 
Churcli, Brooklyn, Xovt'mbcr 13, 1883, Elizabeth Blake, daugh- 

Richard Delafleld. 


ter of Daniel E. and Annie Blake Moran, and left issue two 
daughters: Elizabeth Bard Delafield, and Nina Moran Dela- 
tield, twins, born August 2, 1884. 

5. Bertram DeXully Dt'lafield, horn Xovemher (i, 1844, 
died unniari'ied July 24, 18()5. 

(). Catherine C^ruger Delafield. l)()rn 21 Walker street. New 
York ('it>\ -laiinary 16, 1847, married at the residence of her 
brother, Edward Delafield, John T. Hall, of New York City, and 
has issue: a. Eliza Bard Tlall. b. Susan Tonnele Hall, mar- 
ried Bryce Metealf, at the Church of the Transtiguration, Xew 
York City, Novembei' 2, 1 !)()(). c. Katherine Cruger Delafield 

7. Hirhard Delafield, l)orn at the residence of his father, 
Xew Brighton, Staten Island, Septemlier (i, 1853, married, April 
6, 1880, at St. Mary's Chuch, Xew Brighton, Staten Island, 
Clara Carey, daughter of Frederick G. Foster, and has no issue. 
Resides in X^ew Y^ork City, and has a country seat at Tuxedo 
Park, X^ew York. 

Mr. Delafield was educated in the Anthon graunnar school, 
Xew Brighton, Staten Island. Entered a mercantile house as 
clerk, in 1878, and later liecame its manager. Director s;n"e 
1890; vice-president 189() to 1900; and ])resident since June, 
1900, of the Xational Park Bank of Xew York; vice-iu'esident 
and trustee of the Colonial Trust Co.; trustee American Surety 
Co., Frankfort ^larine Accident iSc Plate ({lass Insurance Co., 
and Trinity Church Corporation; chairman of board of direct- 
ors and the Mount Morris Bank, Mutual Bank, Plaza Bank, a)id 
Y'orkville Bank; memlier of Clearing House Committee Xew 
York Clearing House Association; President Seaside Home of 
Long Is'and. 

(lenei-al Richard Dilafield, son of John Delafielil. was l);)ni 
in Xew York, September 1, 1798. In 1818 he graduated from 


"West Point, at the lu'ad of his class, with the grade of second 
lieutenant. In ISiM) he was made first lieutenant, and captain in 
1S"JS. From 1<S1!) to LSrxS he was in charge of the construction 
of defenses at Hampton Koatls. In 1838 he was promoted as 
major, and for seven years was superintendent of the United 
States Military Academy at West Point. He also lield the same 
iiositioii from ls.')() to 18()1. Fi-om 184() to 1800 he was superin- 
tendent of the defenses of New York harbor. During the Cri- 
mean war he was sent to Europe to study the modern systems of 
warfare, and made an elal)orate report, which was published by 
the United States government. In 18(il he was made lieutenant- 
colonel, and colonel in 18(io. He was promoted brigadier-general 
in 18(i4, and was made brevet major-general in 1865, for meri- 
torious and distinguished services. In August, 1866, he retired, 
his name having been on the roll of the army for forty-five years. 
He was also one of the regents of Smithsonian Institution, and 
in all the relations of life a useful and honored man. General 
Delafield died in Washington, November 5, 1873. 

It is a remarkable fact in the history of this honored family 
that three of the brothers died within three days, and were 
buried at the same time. ^lajor Joseph Delafield, at the age of 
eighty-five; Henry Delafield, aged eighty-three; and Di-. Edward 
Delafield, at tlie age of eighty-one. The funeral was at Trinity 
church, Fel)ruary 16, 1875, and was a most impressive service. 
The i)all bearers were some of the most })rominent residents of 
the city: Kobert .1. Livingston, Frederick Prime, James Len- 
nox, Fi-ederick Schuchardt, Kobert Mason, Gordon W. Ham- 
mersley, Eugene A. Livingston, Alexander Hamilton, Jr., Henry 
(r. Pierpont. Uhai-les B. Fosdick, Dr. Alonzo Clarke, Dr. Thom- 
as Markdc. \)v. Willard C. Pai'kcr, Lindsey Sabine, Poyal 
Phelps. Adiian 11. Alullei-. P.eiijamin H. Field, Stewart Rrown. 
K'obeit Iia\. Frederick De Pevstt'r, James W. Beekman, .loliii 


(". .lay. X. P. llnssack, William Ciillen l>i-\aiit, Caiiihi-idge Liv- 
iiiLvton. L. P. Xasli. John ( "aiiiiilx'll, (reorge F. Tollman, and ^Ir. 
Ogden. His remains woix' laid to rest in the family vanlt in 

Delatield Anrrs. Sable, a crnss patonce or. Crest — a dove 
displayed, lioldiiio i,i its l)i;d< an olive lii-andi, pi'oper. 

Uelaflehl Arms. 

The line of descent of tlie family of ^Fr. Matnrin Tivino-stcni 
Del-uield is hei'e given : 

1. Holiei't Livingston, first Loi'd of the Manor of Living- 
ston, n'ai'j ied Alida SclmNler, -Inly !), l()7i). '2. Robert Li\-ing- 
^ton, married Mai-garet Hoverden, Xoveml)er IL 1717. .'!. 
dndi^e liobert liivingstun, mari'ied, December S, 17!L', .Margiiet 
Beekman. 4. (Jertrnde Livingston, marriecL -M.i> IL 177!», (Jeii- 
eral Aloi'gan Lewis, son of Francis Lewis, the '■Sii'iie'-." .1. 
>hirgai'i't T-ewis, mairied. May Id, 17I»>*, dndge Mrt irin Living- 


stun. (). .lulia Livingston, married, December 12, 1833, Major 
Joseph Delafield. 7. ]\Iaturin L. Delafield. 

Second line. 1. Robert Livingston, Jr., son of James 
Livingston, and nephew of Robert, the first Lord of the ^lanor, 
married Margaretta Schyler, August 2(i, 1697. -. James Liv- 
ingston, married, ^lay 15, 1723, ^[aria Kierstide. 3. Robert 
James TJvingstou, married Septemlier 14, 1747, Susanna, daugli- 
ter of Judge William Smitli. 4. Maturin Livingston, married 
^Nlay 30. 1798, ^largaret Lewis. 5. .Julia Livingston, married, 
December 12, 1833. ^lajor Joseiih Delafield. (i. Maturin Liv- 
ingston Delafield. 


The ancestor of this family, so famed in the history of the 
state and country, was Richard Floyd, who came from Wales, 
and was a resident in Setauket, Long Island, in 1656, and was one 
of the fifty-five original proi)rietors of Brookhaven. He died 
about 17('(). His wife, Susannah, survived him and died in Jan- 
uary, 17()(i. at the age of eighty. His son, Ricliard Floyd, was 
boi'n May 12. 1665, and married Margaret, daughter of Colonel 
Matthias Nicoll, the founder of an illustrious family. Her broth- 
er. William Xicoll, was the first ]iroi)rietor of the great Patent 
of Islip, a part of which still remains in the possession of his de- 
scendants. She was born May 30, 1662, and they were married 
September 10. 1686. Ricliard Floyd was prominent in the af- 
fairs of the province, l>eing judge of the county court and colonel 
of the militia. His wife died Feliruary 1, 1718. Her husband 
survived her, dying February 28, 1738. The children of this 
marriage were: 1. Susaniia, born Ahiy 25, 1688, married Ed- 
mund Smitli. of Smithtown, and died April 12, 1829. 2. Mar- 
garet, born .\pril 25, 1690, married .Judge .John Tliomas. 3. 
Charity, boin A])ril 6. 1692. mai-iied (first) I>enjamin Nicoll; 


(second) Dr. Samuel Joliusoii. She died 1758. 4. Kiuiice, l)()rn 
May 16, 1694, married William Stephens. 5. Ruth, honi Au- 
gust 6, 1699, married Walter I^ongan. 6. Richard, horn Decem- 
ber 29, 1703. died Ai)ril I'l, 1771. 7. Nicoll, born August 27, 
1705, died March H. 1755. 

Richard Floyd, tlie eldest son of this family, luari-ied Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Benjamin Hutchinson, June 4, 17.')0. She was 
born March 28, 1709, and died April 16, 1778. Tlieir children 
were: 1. Richard, born February 26, 1781, died 17i)2. 2. Filiza- 
beth, born June 4, 1733. 3. John, born December 4, 1735. 4. 
Margaret, liorn December 3, 1738. 5. Benjamin, born Decem- 
ber 4, 1740. 6. Gilbert, born April 21, 1743, died April 30, 1760, 
ten days after graduating from King's College. 7. William 
Samuel, born August 16, 1745, died 1772. 8. Maiy, born Octo- 
ber 29, 1748, married AVilliam Ellison. 9. Anne, born March 4, 
1751, died unmarried. 

Richard Floyd, the eldest son of this family, was tlie owner 
of a large estate at Mastic, Long Island. During the Revolution 
he was a strong adherent of the Royal cause, and after the war 
lie was one of the uuiny whose estates were confiscated. He went 
to New Brunswick, and died at St. Johns in 1792. A large part 
of liis T-ong Island estate was sold to the Roberts family, who still 
remain in possession. 

Colonel Benjamin Floyd, the third son, lived at Setauket, 
and died there December 27, 1820, at the age of eighty. He mar- 
ried Ann, daughter of Samuel Coi-iiell. She was jjorn December 
25. 1745, and died Mny 29, 1773). Theii' childi'en were: 1. Rich- 
ard, born December 22, 1769. lie married Anna, daughter of 
Thomas Smith, and died May 9, 18(!3. 2. Gilbert, born July 21, 
1771. [leurirried (first) Sandi Dewick; (second) Sarah Wood- 
hull; (third) Lydia. widow of Abrahnni \\'oodhnll. He died 
Julv 27. 1S32. 4. Sniiiucl. hoiii Mav 19, 1773. He m:irried 


(first) Klizahi'th J^llisoii; (-^i^cotid) Augusta \'aii Honu'. and 
left v'liildreii by the seeoiid marriage. 

Xico!) Floyd, the younsiest son of liichai'd Floyd {'2), was 
Itoi-n August L'7. ITO."), and died Mai-cli .S, IT.lo. He married Ta- 
bitlia, daugiitei' of Jonathan Smith (2), of Smitlitown. Ilis life 
was passed upon the aneestral estate of Mastic. His wife inher- 
ited a large estate in Smitlitown, to which he added hy several 
l)urcliases. Their children are: 1. Ixuth. man-ied (reneral 
Nathaniel Woodhull. '2. William, born Decemhei- 17. IT.'U. o. 
Tahitha, married Daniel Smith, of Smithtown. 4. Xicoll. 5. 
Charles, (i. Charity, wife of Hon. Ezra L'Hommedieu. 7. 
Mary, wife of Edmund Smith. 8. Catharine, wife of General 
Thomas Thomas. 1). Anna, wife of Hugh Smith, of East ]\[or- 
iehes, Long Island. Nieoll Floyd, the father of this family, left 
his estate at Alastie to his sou, (leneral AVilliam Floyd, and hi^ 
estate in Smitlitown descended to his son Charles, who made it 
his home. 

General William Flovd, the oldest sou of this family, had 
very limited educational opportunities in his early days, but 
this was more than made up by his natural good sense and strong 
mental ability. In very early manhood the death of his father 
made it necessary for him to take charge of the family estate, 
and he soon became a leading- man and enjoyed great popularity. 
He was in early life an officer in the militia, and rose to the rank 
of major-general. He was made a delegate to the first Con- 
tinental Congress. Owing to temporary embarrassment, he 
ajiplied to his friend, Cai)tain Elias Pelletreau, of Southampton, 
with whom he had many business dealings, who advanced 
to him the funds to enable him to go to Philadeljihia to attend 
llie Congress. Some years later his little grandson, David G. 
Floyd, stood l)y his mother's side wliile she sewed into the 
lining of his waistcoat some gold pieces and sent him off on 


]iorsel)ack with a iiegi'o shn'c, niounted on another horse, as an 
escort to Soathampton to repay the loan, a journey which he 
accomplished with safety and success. In the journals of 1775 
the committees on which he served, and his valuable services 
to the repulilic about to be established, are very plainly shown. 
Though his o})inion was very freipieutly called for and his sound 
judgment fully ap])reciated, he took very little part in debate. 
One member of the congress writes, "Floyd, Wisner, Lewis and 
.Mso]), though good Dien, never quit their chairs." He was 
present in his seat on the "immortal Fourth," but he and the 
others of the New York delegation did not sign the Declaration 
of Independence until the fifteenth of the month. During the 
whole continuance of the war of the Eevolution, he was placed 
in a very difficult position. The whole of Long Island was 
entirely under the control of the British, and the estates of 
])]'ominent Whigs were devastated, and the large ])r()])erty of 
General Floyd was no exception. His family and that of his 
brother-in-law, Ezra L'Hommedieu, were com])elled, like hun- 
di-eds of others, to take refuge in Connecticut. His own mansion 
was occupied liy the enemy, and the damage he thus sustained 
was very great. 

In 1777 he was chosen state senator, and on Xovembt'i- 7 
took his seat in the first Constitiitional Legislature. On Octo- 
ber 15 he was chosen nu^mber of Congress, and was re-a])])ointed 
October 14, 1779, together with his brother-indaw, Ezra 
L'Hommedieu and lion, .lohn Sloss Hobart. Lpon the adoption 
of the Federal Constitution in 1788, he was a mcmltci- of the 
first Congress which met in New York, March -t, 17S!). In 1800 
he was one of the electors, and gave his vote for Thomas Jeffer- 
son and Aaron Burr. In 1801 he was a delegate to the Conven- 
tion to revise the State Constitution. After this he was for 
several times a presidential elector, the last being in 1820. In 


\~i\)7) he was candidate for lieutenant-governor, hut was de- 
feated l)y Stephen Van Keussehier. 

In 1784 he })urehased an extensive tract of hmd in the west- 
ern part of tlie state, and devoted nuieh of his time and hihoi' 
to an effort to develop it and attract settlers to what was then 
the "Western Country." For many years it was his custom to 
spend the summer ui)on this estate, returning- to Elastic in the 
winter. This i)ractice he continued until the feebleness of old 
age rendered it impossible. After a long- and very useful life, 
General Floyd died at his residence at Westernville, Uueida 
county, August -t, 1821, at the age of eiglity-seven years. 

(Jue of the many public services i)erformed by him was as 
a representative of the State Kegents, to preside at a meet- 
ing held in East Hampton, Long- Island, in 1784. At this meet- 
ing- Clinton Academy was fomided, the first academy in Suffolk 
county. General Floyd is described as a man of middle height, 
of very deliberate motion, possessing- sound judgment, very 
shrewd and cautious in pecuniary matters, sometimes exhibited 
by penuriousness. Whatever he undertook he carried out with 
great energTi^ and determination. He was in no respect what 
could be called a l)rillant man, and it was largely owing to his 
brother-in-law, Ezra L'Hommedieu, that he attained liis high 

General Floyd married Hannah, daughter of William 
Johues, of Southampton, a descendant of Edward Jolmes, one 
of the earliest settlers. She died at Middletown, Connecticut. 
After her decease he married Joanna, daughter of Benjamin 
Strong, of Setauket. She survived her husband, and died No- 
vember 24, 1826, at the age of eighty. His children were: 1. 
Xicoll, who lived at Elastic. 2. Mary, married Colonel Benjamin 
Talmadge, of Revolutionary fame. 3. Catharine, wife of Dr. 
Sanmel Clarkson. 4. Anna, married George Washington Clin- 


ton, and after his death she married Al»raliain Varick. and had 
three children, all of whom died nnmarried. 5. Eliza, married 
James Piatt, of Utica. George W. Clinton was the only son of 
Governor George Clinton. As he left no children, the male line 
of the illnstrions governor became extinct. 

Nicoll Floyd, the oldest son of General Floyd, lived and 
died at Mastic. He married Pliebe, danghter of David Gelston, 
Esq. Their children were: 1. William, lived and died in Oneida 
connty. 2. Kitty, who at the age of six years was drowned in the 
Great Sonth Bay, together with a negro slave child. 3. Augustus, 
a distinguished lawyer, who died nnmarried, 1878. 4. Mary, mar- 
ried John L. Ireland. 5. David Gelston, born May 1, 1802, died 
April 9, 1893. 6. Catherine, died unmarried, 1854. 7. John G., 
born 1804, died 1881. 8. Julia, married Dr. Edward Delafield. 

Hon. John G. Floyd was a member of Congress, and very 
prominent as a politician. At a comi)aratively early age he 
was stricken by jiaralysis, from which he never fully recovered. 
He married Sarah Kirkland, of Utica, and left children : Xicoll, 
a prominent lawyer on Long Island, married Coraelia Du Bois. 
He died much lamented, 1902, leaving several children. Cath- 
arine, married AVilliam B. Dana, editor of Hunt's ^Eerchants' 
^lagazine. Sarah K., wife of Herbert B. Turner. John G., 
married (first) .Julia Du Bois; (second) JaiK'>' Montgomery. 
He died in bS93. Augustus, now living at Mastic. Richard, 
died young. 

Hon. David Gelston, one of the most |u-oniinent citizens of 
Long Island, made his home at Green] )ort, and was a shipping- 
merchant and owner of whale ships. In 1856 he was elected 
member of the Legislature, and served with great ability. Dur- 
ing his long life he connnanded the resjiect of the entire com- 
munity by reason of his benevolence and kindly sympathy, and 
manv voung men owed to him their bes:innino's of future success. 


He })ossessed a keen iutellig-enee, and was well known as a 
power for good- 
Air. Floyd married Lydia, dangliter of William Smith, of 
Elastic, a re])resentative of the Tangier, Smith family, so noted 
in the history of Long Island. They were married Jniy 31. 
1S45, and their children were: Julia Delafield, married Al])eri 
Delafield, June l-t, 1882, and has one daughter, Grace Floyd. 

"Brecknock Ha!!," Residence of Hon. David G. Fioyd, Greenport, L. I.. Now- 
Owned l3y Mrs. Aibert Delafield. 

Lydia Smith, wife of Frederick C\ Prentiss. Mary Augusta, 
died unmarried, 187.'?. Grace, now living at Greenport. 

Brecknock Hall, the residence of Hon. David G. Floyd, is 
situated at Greenport, and is one of the finest country residences 
on Long Island. It is now owned and occu})ied by his daughter, 
:\Irs. Albert Delafield. 

The residence of General William Floyd is still standing in 
Westernville, Oneida county. It is owned by his graiuldaughter, 
the widow of Admiral Sicard, United States Xavy. The line of 


descent of General AVilliani Floyd from Kicliard Sniitli. the 
founder of Smitlitown, is thus given: 1. Richard Smith, the 
founder. 2. Jonathan Smith, died about 1718. o. Jonathan, 
second, born November 9, 1676, died 1749. He married Eliza- 
betli, daughter of Epinetus Ph^tt, and had among otlier children 
a daugliter Tabitha, born Feliruary 18, 1704, died January 17, 
1755. She married Xicoll Floyd, father of General William 

A portrait of Anna Floyd, who married Hugh Smith, is now 
in possession of J. C'onkling Havens, of East Moriches. 

Charles Floyd, lirotlier of General Floyd, lived and died in 
Smitlitown. He nuirried Abigail, daughter of John Thomas. 
Their children were: John, l)orn February 2, 17()4. died April 
17, 1826. Thomas. Abigail, wife of AVilliani Post. Gloriana, 
wife of William Ho])son. Of these children John Floyd mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Colonel Jesse AVoodhull (brother of 
General Nathaniel AVoodhull), and had among other children a 
son, Hon. Charles A. Floyd, county .judge and member of Con- 
gress. For a more complete account of this branch, see Records 
of Smithtown. 

The following notice is from the "New York Gazette and 
Mercury," May 6, 1774: "On Sunday, April 21st instant, de- 
jiarted this life at his house a few miles from the to\vn of Brook- 
haven, the Hon. Richard Floyd, Es(i., in the 68th year of his age 

"He arose early in the morning and stepped out of the door, 
where he was suddenly taken with a fit and dropped down. This 
was instantly perceived by his family who got him into his 
house, where he exjiired in a very few minutes after. He was 
an affectionate husliand, an indulgent ])arent, and a kind mas- 
ter; his disposition was iiohle and generous, easy of access, his 
charity was extended to those who stood in need of his aid. and 
to assist the poor in their distress he made one of the principal 


pleasures of liis life. He was a colonel of the Suffolk Coimty 
militia and the first judge of tlie Inferior Court of Common 
Pleas, wliicli offices he executed for many years and acquitted 
himself with honor ami mucli to tlie satisfaction of the people of 
his county. His death is universally regretted by his neighbors 
and others who enjoyed the pleasure of his accjuaintance. View 
him either as an officer or in private life, his character is un- 
blemished and trul\' amiable.'' 


The ancestor of this family made illustrious in our (A)loni;d 
history in the persons of Chief Justice William Smith and his 
son, William Smith, the historian, was William Smith, who 
served in the army of the Commonwealth under Cromwell. His 
birthplace was iu the Isle of Fly, (Cambridgeshire, England, but 
after the Civil war he settled at Newport Pagnell, Buckingham- 
shire, where he died al)out 1682, and was l>uried in the parish 
church in that place. His wife, Elizabeth Hartley, whom he 
married Se])tember 4. Kifil, lived until 1710. They were the 
parents of six: children: William, James, John, Sanrael, 
Thomas and Christiana. 

William Smith, the eldest son, was known as "Port Royal 
Smith," having resided there for some time. He died in New 
York, October 15, 1736, at the age of seventy-four. He also 
bad a son AVilliam, who married a daughter of AVilliam Pear- 
tree, who was mayor of New York, 1705-07, and left an only 
son, William Peartree Smith, a prominent citizen, born 1725, 
died November 20, 1801. His home, the same as that of liis 
father, was the soutliw^est corner of AVall and Pearl streets. 

James, the second son, remained in England. 

John, the third son, came to New York, where he married 
and lived manv vears. In 1714 he returned to England and 


(lit'<] tlicrc. He left a family in New Yoi-k of wlioni little is 

Sanuiel Sniitli, tlie foni'tli son, lived m Port Koyal, 
Jamaica, and mai-ried and died there aged twenty-seven years. 

Thomas Smith, tlie youngest son, was born at Newport Pag- 
nell, Se))teml)er IS, 1745. He survived all of liis brothers and 
sifters, and died in New York, Xovemher 14. 1745, and was 
buried at the ])lantatinn of his son, Thomas Smith, in Smith's 
('love, ( )range county, Xew York. lie mai'ried, in England, May 
K!, l()9(i, Susanna, the second dangliter of Thomas and Chris- 
tiana Odell, of Xoi'thtield Meadows, Ihickinghamshire. Thomas 
Smitli came to this eounti'v at a much more advanced age than 
his brother. He sailed from London, May 24, 1715, with his 
wife and three sons, arriving in New York on the 17th of Au- 
gust. His fortune i)laeed liim at once among the sulistantial 
citizens of New York. Being a Presbyterian Ins first effort was 
to collect the meml^ers of that denomination, and he lias the 
lionor to be one of the founders of the first Presbyterian cliurch 
in New York. The first church service and 1)ai)tism of tlmt 
dtnominatiou was held in the house of AVilliam Jackson, on the 
north side of Pearl street, al)out half way betAveen A^'llitehall 
and State streets, in 1710. .\s early as 171() a congregation 
with a resident minister assembled at the City Hall. On Janu- 
ary 5, 1717, Hr. John Nicoll, Patrick ^NfcKniglit, Gilbert Living- 
ston and Thomas Smith, ])urchased from Aliraham De Peyster 
and Samuel P)ayard a lot eiglity-eight feet wide on the north 
side of Wall street, l)etween Broadway and Nassau street, and 
iipon it the Fii-st Presbyterian C^hurch was erected. In 1722 a 
part of this congregation, under the leaderslii]) of Thomas 
Smith, withdrew for a short time and called the famous Jona- 
than Edwards as a i)astor, and diiring the eight months of his 
ministi'y his home was at the house of Thomas Smith. i)roba])ly 


the south corner of Wall street and Broadway. As old age ap- 
proached ^Ir. Smith seems to have intended returning to Eng- 
land. With this intention Mrs. Smith sailed in the ship "Re- 

becca," Captain l>anks, December 7, 1728, and landed in Eng- 
land, January 15, 1729. At London she was taken ill and died 
there March 9, 1729, in the fifty-second year of her age. She 
was buried in the Church of St. Botoli^h, Aldergate. The chil- 
dren of Thomas and Susanna (Odell) Smith were: William 


Smith (the judge), Thomas, .John, OcU'll, who died young, Eliz- 
abeth and Martha. The two daughters died iu Enghind. 

Of this family Thomas Smith, the second son, was the owner 
of a hirge tract of land in Orange county, in Smith Clove, which 
took its name from him. His descendants were living there dur- 
ing the Kevolution. He married Hannah Hooker, who may 
have been a sister of Mehitabel Hooker, who married his l)rotlier, 
Rev. John Smith. 

Rev. dolin Smith, the third son, was born ]\Iay 5, 1702, at 
Newport Pagnell. He was a graduate of Yale, 1727. He studied 
inedicine and received the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He 
(■ntered the ministry and was the first Presbyterian minister 
at Rye and White Plains. His tombstone in the latter i)lace 
bears a well merited tribute to his memory. He died February 
26, 1771. On ^May 6, 1724, he married ^lehitabel Hooker, daugh- 
ter of James and Mary Hooker, of Guilford, Connecticut. She 
died September 5, 1775, aged seventy-one. They had four sons 
and eight daughters, (^ne of these, Susanna, married Rev. 
Benjamin Tallmadge, and was the mother of Colonel Benjamin 
Tallmadge, of Revolutionary fame. 

Judge William Smith, tlu^ oldest son, was boi'n at Newport 
Pagnell. October S, 1697, and died in Xew York, November 22, 
17()f). With his father's fjnnily he came to New York, August 17, 
1715. He entered \'ale College, graduated in 171!>, and received 
the degree of Master of .\its in 1722. From 1722 to 1724 he was 
a tutoi' in the college, and was i'fterwai'ds offered the presiden- 
cy, which was made vacant by the retirement of Rev. Dr. Cutler. 
This offer was declined and he adopted the legal ])rofession in 
which he became famous. On May 20, 1724, he was admitted to 
the bai- and began pi-actice in New York. He rose ra])idly to em- 
inence, and h'\y cases of imi)ortance came before the courts in 
which he was not retained as counsel. In 1755 occurred the 


fanion:> trinl of .Inlni I'ctcr Zenker, tlio editor of the "New York 
AVeokly JournaK" for liliel. The fanions Gonveriienr Morris de- 
clared in later years that "the trijil of Zei'i>(M- in 1755 was the 
j>-erm of American Free(h)ni." P>ittci- offense taken hy the 
jndges, De Lancey and Pliilipse. cansed the names of William 
Smith and his collengne. James Alexander, to lie stricken from 
the rolls of attorneys. Zenger was most ahly defended hy ^[r. 
Hamilton, a noted lawyer from Philadelphia, and was acipiitted 
hy the jury, a verdict which was Iniiled with the greatest en- 
thnsiasm In- the ])eo])le. In 1737 the order depi'iving them of 
their right to ])ractice was canceled, and theii- former ]K)sition 
was not only restored hnt with mncli higher honors and respect. 
On Se])temher 20. 17."-)9, he was a]i])ointed recorder hy "Rip 
Van Dam. the acting governor. Tn 174S he was one of the incor- 
]iorators of the College of New Jersey at Princeton, and to the 
end of his life he was an earnest friend of the college, and one of 
the most honored and influential memhers of the hoard. In 1732 
he with William Alexander and some of the ^Nforris family peti- 
tioned the assembly to establish a free school for teaching Latin, 
Greek and mathematics. This was done, and a school was estab- 
lished the same year under Alexander Malcolm. This in after 
years develojied into Kini>s College, and William Smith was 
foremost among its founders. Tn 177)4 William Smith, Philip 
Livingston, and a few others, met at the house of one of their 
numlier and arranged a ]ilan for a ]inblic library and collected 
£600 for that ])urpose. A charter was olitained and such was the 
origin of the Xew York Society Library. Tn 1751 William Smith 
was appointed by Governor Clinton attorney-general and advo- 
cate-general, and in 177)2 he was made mendier of the Council. ITe 
remained a member until shortly before his death, when he was 
succeeded by his eldest son. Tn 1754 he was one of the four rep- 
resentatives from Xew York to the general congress to prejiare 



plans for the union of the Colonies. In 17(!(l lie was offered the 
office of ehi( f jn^tL-e, but derlined the position. In 17(i3 he was 
made jndge of the snpi-enie court, and retained tint office until 
liis death. As a lawyer he was one of the most graceful and elo- 
(luent members of the It ir, and his intlucnce was nnexcelleil. Aft- 



^^^^^^^^^K* '^'^'^ jE9 

W^^ v.fll 

^^^HlH^^p '^~ 

;. ixM 

Mrs. Mary (Hett) Smith. 

er a most useful life .Judge Smith die(l Wednesday, Xovemher 
2."'. 17(iJ), ami was buried in the grave\ard attached to tlu' Pres- 
byt(Mian clnirch in Wall street. He left a will which was never 
pi'obated and seems to have been concealed by one of his family. 
His residence was the south corner of Kxchange jtlace and 
Broadwav, and his ^on, I'homas Smith, was liviui'- there at the 


timt' of the Kevolution. He owned a very large tract of land in 
what is now Hix'khuid county, of which a notice is hereafter 

Judge Smith married Mary, daughter of Rene and Blanche 
(Du Bois) Het, May 11, 1727. She was horn in New York, ]^lay 
24, 1710, and died August 22, 1754, and was buried in the aisle of 
the old South Dutch Church. After her death Judge Smith mar- 
ried Eliza) )C'tli. widow of Colonel p]lisha Williams, who survived 
him. There were no children by this marriage. Rene Het lived 
at No. 216 Pearl street. When his daughter Mary married W^ill- 
iam Smith lie gave them a house and lot, No. 179 Pearl street. 
There was another daughter, Blanche Het, who married Cap- 
tain William Smith, and had a daughter Blanche, who married 
Jedediah ('liai)man, of Orangetown, Essex county, New Jersey. 
The children of Judge William Smith were: 

]. William Smith, the historian, born June 18, 1728. 2. 
Susanna. l)orn December 24, 1729, married Robert James Liv- 
ingston. 3. Mary, born March 2(1, 17;)2, married John Smith. 

4. Sarah, l)orn August 3, 1733, uuu'ried Rev. Abraham Kittle. 

5. Thomas, born March 11, 1734. (i. Elizal)eth Blanche, born 
December 13, 173(), nmrried John Torrans, of Charleston, South 
Carolina. 7. Dr. .James, born FeV)ruary 13, 1738, died 1812. 8. 

Anne, born July 19, 1740, married Bostowick. 9. John, 

born August 20, 1741. 10. Catharine, born April 7, 1743, mar- 
ried John Gordon. 11. Martha, born June 18, 1744, married, 
17(i3, Colonel Ann Hawkes Hay, of Fishkill. 12. Samuel, born 
June 24, 1745, died umnarried at Charleston, South Carolina, 
1771. 13. Margaret, born September 19, 1747, married Alex- 
ander Rose. 14. Joshua Hett, born May 27, 1749, died 1818. 

William Smith, the historian, and chief justice of New York 
and Canada, was a graduate of Yale, 1745, entered his father's 
oflice and was admitted to the bar in 1750. There is not a chap- 



tor ill tlie local history of his tiuu' in wliieli liis nanu' does not 
appear. In 17<i7 (lovernor Moore wrote that "William Smitli is 
at the head of his profession," and rerpiests that he he appoint- 

ed meniher ofconncil from whicliliis fatlier, the judnc was ahmit 
to retire. 'J^his was done, and he held that position till tin- time 
of the Revolution. His jxjsition during the great struggle is dif- 
fienlt to describe. He seems to have denied the right of rebellion 


and >ai("^ti()iUMl the adxaiitam' to tlie ('olonists of independence. 
He took no active part citlicr for or against the new order of 
things. As a result he was liated by the Tories and distrusted 
by the friends of liberty. In 1771 lie was reipiired to remove to 
the Maiioi' of Livingston and to give his parole to remain there. 
This was owing to his answer to (juestions, "that he does not 
consider liimself discharged from his oaths of fidelity to the 
Crown of (ire:it Britain.'" In the sumnier of 1778 he was re- 
leased from his parole and directed to remove to New York; he 
was commissioned as chief justice of the Province, and took the 
oath of office before Governor Robei-tson. Before that was done 
the (^'olonies had declared their independence, and whatever 
])ower attended the office was confined to that portion of the 
state still under British control. After the war he was included 
in the list of persons who were banished and whose property 
was confiscated, and on December 5, 1783, the chief justice sailed 
for England with his son William. Mrs. Smith with the younger 
children still remained in New York. On September 1, 1785, he 
was ai)pointed chief justice of Canada. He arrived in Quebec, 
October 23, 1786, and was joined there by his wife and children. 
The act of attainder by which he was banished was cancelled in 
17!)0, and he with some others was free to i-eturii to his native 
land. Me died in (^)uebec, December 4, 17!)."!, and was buried in 
the E})iscopal church. 

Oliief Justice Smith married Janet Livingston, daughter of 
James Livingston. Her brother, Robert .lames jjivingston, mar- 
lied Susanna Smith, sister of the chief justice, so there was a 
double relationship. Janet Livingston was born November 1, 
17.")(). and died in (j)nebec, November 1, ISli), at the age of ninety. 
They had ten chiklre?i. The oidy son wlio sui-vived was William 
Smith, bom 17(>!», died 1S77. lie was the author of "Smith's 
History of the Province of Canada." The oldest daughter, 


Janet, married ] lieutenant John Plendleath, (Jetol»ei- L'l, 1771. 
Another daughter, Henrietta, married Jonathan Sewell. chief 
justice of Lower Canada, and had sixteen children. 

The portrait of Judge William Smith is from a iiainting l)y 
Wollasto?!, made 1701, and is now o\vned by ^latuiin Livingston 
Delafield, of New York, a descendant of the judge. The portrait 
of his son. Chief Justice William Smith, the historian, is from a 
miniatui'e obtained from his descendants by Kobert J. Living- 
ston. A copy of it is in the New York Historical Society. The 
portrait of Ah's. ^Lary (Het) Smith is from a painting in posses- 
sion of the family of Judge Sewell, of Canada. 

•'Smith's History of the Province of New York," written 
by Chief Justice William Smith, has given him a lasting fame. 
The first volume was published in Loudon, 1757. The second 
volume was published by the New York Historical Society, 
1826; and the two volumes in one edition by the same society in 
1829. There are also several editions of the first volume. 

Thomas Smith, son of Judge ^^'illiam Smitli, and brother of 
the liistorian, was born March 11, 1784. He was a graduate of 
Yale, and a prominent lawyer in New York. He was a meml>er 
of Provincial assembly and of tlie I'rovincial congress. He mar- 
ried Klizabeth, daughter of Abraham Lynsen, November 22, 
1758. He owned much property in New York and at Haver- 
straw, and was the owner of the famous "Treason House," at 
the latter place, where Arnold and Andre laid their nefarious 
plans. He died at HaN'ei'straw. November 7, 17!>r), leaving a 
large family. One son. Thomas Smith, Jr., married ^lary, daugh- 
ter of John Taylor, a lu'ominent merchant of New York, Decem- 
ber -I-, 1786. Their children were: John Taylor, Catherine Au- 
gusta, wife of Budd. Thomas Charles, William Eugene, 

and Anna ^laria. 

John Ta^'lor Smith was a i;raduate of Columbia College 


nnd editor of the "Kockland Registei-, " tlie first])er in 
Rockland county. New York. He was born in tlie old "Treason 
House" at Haverstraw. and died in ISIT), leaving- five children: 
John Ta.\ lor, who died in Xew Jersey, August 31, 1904, aged 
eighty-nine. Mary, wife of Leroy T.ittle. Tlionias Eugene. 
Anna IV ('hni'le< Bainln-idge Sniitli, who was a noted hiwyer 
in Xew York. He niari'ied MaKina. dnnghter of Henry Kettle- 
tns. and has one son, Eugene Kettletas Sniitli, now living in 
Swanton, Vermont. Charles Bainbridge Smith was the last of 
the race wh.o held a ])rominent position. His second wife was a 
widow Youngs of Calif orni;-!. Mr. Smith died in Paris, France, 
October 17, l**!)o. at the age of eighty-five, the last of his family. 

Joshua Hett Smith, the youngest son of Judge William 
Smith, was born May "JT, 17-111. He married Elizabeth Gordon, 
of Behidere, South Carolina, 1770. She died January 1, 1784. 
They had three children: Joshua G., Sarah, wife of Thomas Hay, 

and Laura, wife of West. He was living at the family 

residence at Haverstraw at the time of the Revolution, though 
the house ^Aas ow7ied bv his brother Thomas. His troul)'es as the 
un.fortunate dupe of Arnold and .\ndre are too well known to be 
re])e''ted here. Suspected of l)eing the accomjjlice of Arnold, he 
was imprisoned, but jiermitted to escajie. He went to England 
in 17S3, and returned to America in 1801, and for a while kept a 
sc'iool in the house at Haverstraw. He again went to England, 
but retni'ued some time after ISOS. He died ()ctol)er 10, 1S18, 
and was buried in a vault in the middle of North Dutch Church. 
His second wife, Ann;i (Middleton) Smith, and his two danali- 
ters survived him. In 1808 he published his noted book. "An 
Authentic Xarration of the Causes AVhicli Led to the Death of 
]\ra.ior .\ndre." This l)ool< has been the subject of much dis- 

The famous house at Haverstraw remained in the hands of 


llie faiuiiy until 1831^ niid still stands, an intei'estini>' relic of the 
L'olonial times. Judge A\'illinni Sniitli was the owner of two 
shares in the gieat Patent of Cliees-cdck, which includes tlie 
greater part of the Highland Mountains. The Treason House, 
builr in 1752, stands at the south end of Lot 7. William Smith, 
the his*^orian, had a house next west, which was burned. The 
immense traict owned by the family sold for a ver>' small sum. 
On.e of tlie daughters of Thoma-- Smith, .Jr., mari-ied William 
Denninu. Jr., wtiose fatliei' was a [)rominent merchant in Xew 
^'(ivk. His uKmument is in the northwest corner of St. Paul's 
( hiii'cliyard. Another daughter married Plon. John C Spencer, 
secretary of navy, 1842 

Wi!li:im Kugene Smith, son of Thomas Smith, Jr., was the 
father of Judge William p]. Smith, who kept a roadhouse on 
Jerome avenue, Bi'onx. for many years. 


This family, wliicli has man\' Viranches in various parts of 
the countr)-, is descended from ^latthias St. John, who with a 
large family sttt'ed at Xorwalk. Fairfield county. Connecticut, 
befoi'e l()."i4. The name on the eai'ly towii and state records is 
spelled in difl'ei'ent ways, as Senti(in and Saint John, but after 
172.") the present foi-m of St. ,lolin prevailed. The line of descent 
of the }»ai'ticular branch now under consideration is as follows: 
1. Matthias. 2. :\!attliias. :!. Matthias. 4. Benjamin. 5. Mat- 
thias, (i. Sanniel St. John. 

^ilattliias St. Jolin. fa.ther of Pienjamin. was one of twenty- 
five men who purclrised land and establi-^hed the town of Hidge- 
field, Connecticut. Sejitember MO. 17tl8. 

Be;ijann'i St. John was a n^sidcut of X'orwalk, but removed 
to New ( anaan in 1744 with lii< faniil>' ( !' four sons an(_l four 
daughters, and died tliei'e ahout the close of the Revolution. 

\o\. I— i'n 



His sons were: Beiijauiiu, Caleb, AFatthias and Daniel. All of 
these lived and died in New Canaan, and left a very nnmerons 

?klntthias vSt. John, son of Benjamin, married Jnne 28, 1758, 
Naomi Weed, danghter of Abraham Weed. He died March 20, 
1819, aged eighty-seven. His wife died August 27, 1780, aged 
forty-six. They are the pai'ents of eleven children: Abraham, 

Milton St. John. 

Iniptized March 2."), 17oi). Sarah, June 15. 17(>(i. married Isaac 
Keeler. :\[atthias, August 29, 1762. Esther, July 8, 1764, die 1 
1777. Enoch, October 19, 1765. Benjamin, June 8, 1767. 
Samuel, January 27, 1769. Anna, November 13. 1770, married 
Matthew Benedict. John Trobridge, .fuly 2(), 1772. Nathan, 
November 6, 1775. Esther, Marcli 15, 1777. married Benjamin 

Of this familv, Samuel St. Jt)hn died Novemlier 4, 1844. 


At that time only four of tlioui reinaiued: Knocl). Benjamin, 
John T. and Anna. The last survivor was Benjamin, who died 
ahout lsr)2. 

Ahi-aham St. John had chihli-en: Polly, wife of Klijah 
Weed, of ^liehigan; Anna, wife of Samuel Everitt ; and Betsey, 
wife of Samuel AVaterlmry. 

Sarah Keidei' had children: Isaac; Esther, wife of Uriah 
Eichards; Naomi, wife of Stephen Ayres; and Sarah, wife of 
Peter Ch'issy. 

Matthias St. John had children: Mary, wife of Xehemiah 
Benedict; Lewis; Sarah, wife of Frederick Seeley; Esther, wife 
of Daniel AVaring; Betsy Ann. wife of Silas Davenport; and 

Enoch St. John died in 1846. His children were: Enocl) 
C. Samuel, an.d Hannah, wife of Hanford Davenport. 

Benjamin St. dolm had children: Benjainin AT., Ahraham 
W., Hauii'di i>,, wife of Tjcwls To([net; ^lary X.. and Catherine 
S., wife of Hon. Xoah A. Phelps. 

Anna Benedict had cliihlren: Polly, wife of Ezra Benedict; 
Samuel: ^^attllias St. John, and Nathan, 

dolin T St. John died a))out 3850. His children were: 
Martha, Avil'e of dohn C Bassett; ^Taria, wife of Josei^h E. 
Sheffield; George; Thomas; Sanniel Henry, and Erastus R. 

Nathan St. John had children: AFiles, Milton, Clmuncey, 
Samuel B. Newton. 

Esther Bates had children: Sanuiel S., William S.. (Jeorge 
I?.. Charles, .Inliette, Sarah X., wife of Benj:nuin Noyes. 

AfilttMi St. .John, son of Nathan and .\nna St. John, was 
hoi'u in Anienia, New "^'ork, December 4. ISO."). In ISKI he came 
to New York and lived with a near relative. I'pon arriving at 
manhood he began the business of merchant tailor, which he 
conduct(Ml with great success. For many yeai's his jilace of busi- 


ness was Xo. S4 IJioadway. He was one of the officers in the 
thirst T'resbyterian elinich, in Wall street, and continued to bold 
office mitil 1856, when, removing- his residence from Twelfth 
street, between Fifth and Sixth avennes to Twenty-first street 
between Sixth and Seventh avenues, he connected himself with 
the Reformed chnrch on Twenty-third street, and was treasurer 
of that chnrch at the time of his death. In politics he was a 
Whig, and was one of the first to join the Reimblican party. 
In 1834 he married Sarah Pardee, of Sharon, Connecticut. 
After a useful and intinential life he died in New York, Feb- 
ruary 25, 18(37. His wife died January 25, 1867. Mr. St. John 
left children: Catharine W., ^fary and Anna. Of this family 
the only one now living is Miss Anna St. John, now residing in 
New York. 


The history of this family in England goes back to the 
middle ages, and in this country it is inseparably connected Avith 
earliest English settlement in the province of New York. 

The rese-ti-ches of George R. Howell, whose untimely de- 
cease is dee])ly lamented by all lovers of history, inform us that 
William Howell, of AVedon, in the county of Bucks, had wife 
Maude, wlio died and left two children, John the elder, an(] John 
the younger. His second wife was Anne Hampton, and by this 
marriage had a son Henry and several other children. In his 
will, dated November 3, 1557. he dii-ected his body "to be buried 
in the parish church of Wingrave in the chancel before the high 
altar." He also left legacies to the ])oor of Aylesbury, White- 
church and Marsh. To his wife, Anne, he left the use of his_ 
lands in Watton and Hamme, and at her decease they were to go 
to his son Henry. To his eldest son, John, he left his lauds in 
Mai'sh Gibl)on, which in default of issue were to go to his 
brother Henrv. 


William Tloweli died in lo-lT; liis son Jolni died childless in 
1576: his brother Henry inherited his lands and became the 
fomider of the family, whose record is liere given. The parish 
register of Marsh (Jibbon states that Henry Howell, Gent., was 
1)nried ''ye twenty day of July l(i25." His son, Edward Howell, 
was baptized the 22d of July, 1589. His first wife was Frances, 
who died about July 1, 1630. The children of this marriage 


were: 1. Henry, baptized December L', KilS, was buried Au- 
gust i!9, Ki]!). L'. Mai'pai'ct, bajttized November L'4, Kii'L*, mar- 
ried Rev. John Moore, of Southold, Long Fsland. '•]. .John, liap- 
tized November '22. Ki'J!-. 4. I'^dward, ))aptized September, Kii'Ci. 
5. Margary. baptized June 1, KI'JS. (i. l\i('liard, liai)tized in 1629. 
The second wife of Edward Howell was Eleanor, who had two 
children. Arthur. avIio w;is baptized Ki.'VJ, and Edmund. 

In 163!), Edward Howell, with all his family, came to Bos- 
ton, and was made a freeman March 14, l()39-4(). He shortly 


after removed to Lynn, where lie had a grant of five hundred 
acres. ])uring the winter of 1639-40, a new settlement was pro- 
jected on Long Island, of which he was the leader, and the 
''agreement" or terms upon which the new colony was founded 
(still in existence in the town clerk's office in Soutliami)ton) is 
believed to he in his hand writing. He contril)uted a innch 
larger amount tlian any other ])erson towards the expenses 
of founding the new settlement ; was one of the very few who are 
mentioned as ''Mr."' and "Gentleman"; to the end of his life was 
a luagistrate, and in later years was a member of the colonial 
legislature at Hartford. His useful life ended in Se^jtember, 
1()55, and on October (i. it was granted "to Mrs. Elliuor Howell 
that she should have the administration of all the goods belong- 
ing unto Mr. Pidward Howell, deceased." The location of his 
resting place is approximately known from the fact that his eld- 
est son, Major John Howell, in his will directs that his remains 
be buried "by his father's sepulchre," and his tombstone bearing 
the ancestral arms still renuiins in the ancient burying ground in 
Southampton. The extent of his "Proprietor Rights" made Ed- 
ward Howell a large land owner, and his landed possessions ap- 
pear to have been e(iually divided among his sons, and th;i.- i,y 
scendants are now scattered far and wide throughout our broad 
land. The house of the founder of Southampton was standing on 
the west side of the main street of the village till recent years. 
An elegant mansion l)uilt by Hon. James H. Pierson stands upon 
its site. The arms of this illustrious family, as here given, are 
taken from an impression of the seal of Colonel ^Matthew Howell 
(son of Major John Howell), attached to his will in the New 
York surrogate's otlice. There can be little doul)t but that the 
seal itself had belonged to Edward Howell, and had descended 
to his grandson, who was a Eepresentative from Suffolk county 
in the Colonial Legishitnre, KiiH-^, and from 1()1)4 to 170(1, in- 


t'lnsive. He died in Southampton, much lamented, May 11, 1706, 
and a massive tomlistoaie marks his last resting place. 

As tlie name in its phonetic form, "Hoel" (which was its 
pronunciation till veiy recent times), appears in very ancient 
chronicles, we are led to the conclusion that the family is of the 
ancient British origin, and antedates hoth the Saxons and their 
Xorman concjuerors . 

For one hundred and fifty years the Howells were the l)one 
and sinew of the town of Southampton. They were the most ex- 
tensive landowners, the largest taxpayers, and held the highest 
offices. The founder of the Sag Harbor whale fishery, whose 
ships in later years were found in every sea, was Stephen 
Howell, who was born in 174-!-, died in 1828. He was a soldier in 
the Revolution and took ])art in the battle of Long Island. After 
the war he was among the first to revive the prostrate enterprise 
of the country, and in 1785 sent out the first whaling vessels on 
extended voyages. A iu)ble monument in (Jakland cemetery in 
Sag Plarbor marks his last resting jjlace and connnemorates his 
services as the fouiuler of a mighty enteriu'ise. 

At a very early date the Howells sent off colonies to other 
parts of the countiy. Ldnnind Howell, the yoiuigest son of the 
first settle]-, removed to Xew Jersey, where his descendants are 
yet found. Hezekiah Howell, a grandson of Richard Howell, 
with many of his family, went to ( )i-ange county ajid founded 
Blooming drove. Other branches also settled in Xew Jersey 
and in the western part of Xew York, aiul wherever they went 
they and their posterity were honoral)le and honored. The first 
actual settlement in the western i)art of the town of South- 
ampton was made by Hezekiah Howell, who had a house and 
orchard at Catchaponack before M'.Vl. He soon after had a 
ueig'hbor in the person of Jonathan Rayner, and their descend- 
ants still inherit their ancestriil heritage. Previous to the date 


above given, it was for long years the custom for the owners of 
tlie meadows to mow the grass in tlie summer and secure it in 
large hay stacks suri'onnded 1)\- a fence. Late in tlie fall they 
would drive their herds of cattle to the meadows, and a few men 
would fodder them during the winter, living in small, temporary 
dwellings, and engaging their leisure time in hunting deer and 
shooting wild fowl, both of which wei-e abundant. The house 
and orchard of Hezekiah Howell have remained in the family 
name, though not in the direct line of descent, and is one of the 
few instances of a homestead possessed by the same family from 
the original laying out. ( )f its i-ecent owner we will now proceed 
to tell. 

^[oin'iMKi^ i)EVF;Ri^:rx howell. 

The line of descent of Mortimer D. Howell, who was recog- 
nized as one of the most prominent representatives of the name, 
is as follows: 1. Edward Howell. 2. Richard. 3. Josiah. -J-. 
Josiah. O.John, (i. dolin Mitchell. T.Charles. 8. Mortimer 1). 
He was born at the ancestral homestead at Catchaponack, 183(5. 
Strange as it may seem, he began the hard life of a farmer boy 
of the olden time at the early age of seven years, when he drove 
a team of horses, carting cordwood to Flanders. He was very 
small for his age, and was lifted to his place on the load, wrapped 
in a blanket, the lines placed in his hands, and thus he drove the 
well trained team, who knew the road much better than himself. 
As he grow older he took a more active jiart in the labors of the 
farm, and every branch of farm labor he learned thoroughly 
from actual ex])erience. T^earning to read at a very early age, 
his k)ve of reading never ceased. In his boyhood books were 
few, and. as he afterward said, he read the ahnanac till he knew 
it by lieart, and the same might be said of the other books at his 
command, often read by firelight, and in this way his earliest 


education was obtained. Conii)leting the course of the public 
schools at fifteen, he was sent to Greenport, where educational 
advantages were better, and from there to Amenia Seminary, 
after which he taught for three years. The earh' labors of his 
life were particularly hard. The farm being large, there was a 
great amount of work to be done. There was no farm machinery, 
such as now lightens toil, the only help Ijeing negroes, descended 
from the slaves of colonial days, and regarded as almost a part 
of the family, while to maintain them, and yet make the farm 
pay, was a problem not easy to solve, though the estate embraced 
three-quarters of Catchaponack neck. 

In this manner his life was spent until his twenty-fourth 
year, when he went on a voyage around Cape Horn to California 
in the clipper ship "Belle of the Sea." Tliis voyage was made 
to join his brother, J. W. Fletcher Howell, who went to Cali- 
fornia some years before. On this voyage, although he shipped 
as carpenter, he might be said to have been partly passenger 
and partly second mate. He studied navigation, and in his 
leisure time read Shakespeare, until he was thoroughly familiar 
with all the works of that famous poet. His original intention 
was to visit his brother and to make a voyage around the world 
by sailing from San Francisco to China, but this was prevented 
by the Civil war. His stay in California was limited to four 
mouths. On their return voyage, while in the Bermuda i)assage, 
they saw a large ship hove to and beyond it the smoke of the 
rebel pirate "Alabama," which had made great havoc with 
American shipping. Tt was not till forty years afterwards that 
he knew the reason why the rebel steamer did not pursue and 
capture their ship, as she could easily have done. While in 
Japan he read the autobiography of Captain Semmes, and 
learned that a spar, taken from the burned vessel, was being- 
rigged on the "Alal)ama," and the time thus occupied enablcvl 


the ship ill whieli .Mr. Howells sailed to escape. On his return 
from this voyage, on Xoveml)er l-t. 18(55. he married Lydia M., 
daughter of John Howell, of (^uogue, and gained by this an 
earnest and faithful helper of a lifetime. He then began the 
business of his life. Among the summer visitors to Catchapo- 
iiaek was Phineas T. Barnum, the world wide known showman, 
who passed many seasons at the old Howell house. With his 
keen foresioht he advised ]\Ir. Howell to erect a new and much 
larger iniilding. and advanced the necessary means. His father 
gave him the land (the tirst he ever owned), in 1865, and the 
new hotel, or boarding house, the largest in that region, was 
soon finished. Under his own and his wife's able management 
the enteri)rise soon liecame a most successful one, and in a few 
years he was free fi'om debt — the possessor of a steady and 
prosperous business. Peoi)le of a superior class, among- whom 
was General John A. Dix, made Westhampton their summer 
home, the Drice of land rajudly advanced, elegant residences 
soon dotted the landsca]ie. and the severe toil of early days was 
forgotten in easy circumstances. His winters were passed in 
shooting trips to the south. In 1897. in eom])auy with his son, 
he went to \'enezue!a. the AVest Indies and Mexico. In his 
various travels he had l:)een in all the states of the Union but 
four, fn Xovember. 1901. much against the wishes of his family, 
solicitous concerning his health, at the age of sixty-five, he began 
alone a journey around the world. As he himself remarked, 
"I have always desired to go around the world and this is the 
first time T have had a chance," and thus, forty years after his 
fii'st intention, his wish was realizecl. Crossing India, he re- 
turned by way of tht' Suez Canal. While in Flngland, at Marsh- 
gibbon, in Buckingham- hi re. he vi-^ited the ancient homestead of 
hi- ra;'e. owned by his ancestors three hundred years before. 
He returned in April. llMli', and retired from active l)usine<s, 


leasing his hotel and spending his winters in New York. His 
health began to fail, and on Fel)ruary 7, 190(). he passed from 
the scenes of life, surrounded and lamented liy family and 
friends, and leaving an example (if a life well spent and crowned 
with well-merited success. 

In person Mr. Howell was of average height, very strongly 
built, and cajiable of great exertion, very pi'omjit and assertive 
in manner, never hesitating to express his opinions in the plain- 
est manner, and as (me who knew him well exjiressed it, "He 
was not a man to be easily talked down." At the same time he 
had due regard for the feelings and opinions of others, and 
never failed to show them all proper consideration and respect. 
Exceedingh' characteristic of him was the advice he gave to 
his sons, "Be sure to save half of what you make, l)ut be sure 
to spend the other half." In this way they would avoid being 
extravagant or ])arsimi)nious. He was a lil)ei-al giver to all 
jiublic improvements, and charitalile to all worthy objects, and 
his motto was: "Do as you would be done by." In all lousi- 
ness affairs he }!csse3sed excellent judgment, upon wliidi Ins 
friends relied. But there is no one who would wish to deny 
that the success of his life was largely owing to his choice of a 
life partner, who was ecpial to all emergencies, and met all the 
vicissitudes of life with a s])irit no less unfaltering than his 
own. They were the );arents or hve children. 1. ddhn M., di ■;! 
by drowning at the age of eight years. 2. Ilamitton Pit-rson. 
born December 27, lS(i9, attended the AVesleyan Academy at 
Wilbraham, Massachusetts, and graduated from Yale Univers- 
ity in 1891. He adopted tbc pi-ofession of medicine, and grad- 
uated from the College of l^hysicians and Surgeons. 18!t4. For 
three years he was on the surgical staff in Roosevelt Hos])ital. 
and is now a practicing i)hysician in Xew York. He married 
Caroline E. Densnu)re, of Boston, ami has one son, Hampton 


P., Jr., born Oetol)er 27, 1904. 3. Lloyd Mortimer, ])orii October 
25, 1873. After attending Bridge Hampton Commercial In- 
stitnte and the Wesleyan Academy, he entered Yale University 
and gradnated in 1894; studied for two years in Columbia 
Law School, then entered New York Law School and graduated 
in 1898. For several years he was assistant United States 
District Attorney in Brooklyn, and is now a i)racticing 
lawyer at No. 135 Broadway, New York. 4. Henry Jarvis, born 
July 31, 1876. After studying at Williston Seminary and Brook- 
lyn Polytechnic, he was for awhile assistant to his father at 
West Hampton. He then entered the office of Ernest Flag, a 
]irominent architect, and remained there several years. In 1903 
he went to the Island of Guam and superintended the erection 
of the large station of the Macky-Bennett Cable Company. 5. 
Gertrude Halsey, born August 6, 1878, was educated at Walnut 
Lane School, Germantown, Pennsylvania. On March 12, 1903. 
she married Duane P. Cobb, a lawyer of Manhattan. They have 
one child, Mortimer Howell Cobb, born October 24, 1904. 

It remains to state the immediate ancestry of this branch 
of the Howell family. 

John Howell, third, known as "John Howell of Canoe 
Place," from his having a house of entertainment there before 
the Eevolution, married Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel Brewster, 
who Avas son of Daniel Brewster, son of Eev. Nathaniel Brews^ 
ter, the tirst minister in Brookhaven. Their son. Major John 
^litchell Howell, was born Sei)tember 27, 1772, and died at 
West Hamj)ton, March 26, 1826. His first wife was Mary, daugh- 
ter of William Halsey. She died at the age of twenty-four. 
Their children were: 1. John, married Eliza Miller, of Wad- 
ing River. He was at one time the owner of Old Neck at West 
Moriches. 2. Mary, married Thomas Hewlett of Rockaway. 
Major Howell married for his second wife, 1806, Clarissa. 


(langliter of Daniel Fanninii', Avliose wife, Jane Fanning, was 
a daughter of Colonel Josiali Smith, who commanded the Suf- 
folk County Eegiment at the battle of Long Island. Their chil- 
dren were Charles and Jane. The former, known as "Charles 
Howell of Catchaponaeh," was born in 1812, died in 1878. He 
married Elizabeth Jones, daughter of Shepherd Halsey. Their 
children were : J. W. Fletcher Howell, a prominent citizen of 
Southampton; ^Mortimer D. ; Gertrude, wife of Dr. E. P. Jarvis, 
for many years a practicing physician in Moriches, Tjong Island ; 
and CMara Mitchell, wife of Frank Lyons. 


The American ancestors of Thomas A. Howell, on the pa- 
ternal and maternal sides, were Long Islanders, resident from an 
early Colonial jjeriod in the town of Southampton, Suffolk 
county. New York. In the paternal line he was descended from 
ancestors who emigrated to this country from Holland, and in 
the maternal line he came from original Welsh stock. The di- 
rect line of descent of Thomas A. Howell is as follows: 1. Ed- 
ward Howell, the fininder of Southampton, Long Island. 2. 
Richard, died 174i>. :]. Josiah, 1675-17r)2. 4. Josiah. born 
1709. 5. Captain Josiah. 1758-1808. 6. Hampton. 7. Benja- 
min Huntting. 8. Henry B. 9. Thomas A. Howell. 

Benjamin Huntting Howell, grandfather of Thonns A. How- 
ell, was l)orn at Belli)ort, Long Island, February 7, 1811, son of 
Hampton and Elizabeth Post (Huntting) Howell, and grandson 
on the maternal side of Colonel Benjamin Huntting, who served 
with credit in the war of the Revolution. Benjamin H. Howell 
received a common school education, and at the age of fourteen 
engaged in business employment as a clerk in a country store 
at Huntington, Long Island. In this connection he continued 
with vai-ious concerns until able to emljark in trade on his own 


account. In ISIJli lie cstal)lislie(l in Xew York City, with Jolm 
Howell, the wholesale grocery house of B. H. & J. Howell. From 
this partnership he vras obliged by ill liealth to retire in 1840, 
removing in that year to Cutchogue, Tjong Island. In 1843 
he resumed business in Xew York (*ity, organizing the grocery 
tirm of B. H. Howell & Company, which he conducted success- 
fully until 1858. He then accei)ted the presidency of the Market 
Fire Insurance Com])any, l)ut in 1861 again entered mercantile 
life, forming a co-partnersliip with his son, Thomas A., under 
the firm style of B. H. Howell & Son. This firm, devoting its 
energies to the purchase and sale of molasses and sugar, was 
soon in the enjoyment of an extensive ])usiness. In 1870 other 
])artners were admitted and the name was changed to B. H. 
Howell, Son & Company. Sulisequently two other sons of Mr. 
Howell. Frederick H. and Henry B.. with James Howell Post, 
were received as ]iartners. Since the death of Mr. Howell, which 
occurred A];ril 16, 1900, the house has continued without further 
change of name, retaining the eminent |)osition in the com- 
mercial world of the metropolis secured for it by its founder. 
Benjamin H. Howell was one of the organizers and original 
directors of the ^Ntarket Bank, now merged in the Market and 
Fulton National Bank. He was for many years a resident of 
the section of Brooklyn known as AViiliamsburg, and was the 
first president of tlie Williams1)urg Gas C^)mpany. He was at 
all times a representative and ])ublic-spirited citizen, and took 
an active interest in religious work. He was one of the first 
trustees and ])rincipal supporters of the South Third Street 
Presbyterian Church. His country home was at Quogue. 

Mr. Howell married (first). 18;)7, Mary Andrews, who died 
August 25, 1848. To this union was l)orn three children: Fred- 
erick H., Thomas A. and Altheia, who became the wife of Will- 
iam H. Plummer, deceased. Mr. Howell married (second), 


1851, Eiiza]K4li Banks, win. died Febniary I'-J, IDO'J. To tliis 
union were born two cliildi-cii : Ilcnrv !>., see forward; Eiiiiiia, 
died in childhood. 

Henry B. Howell, son of Benjamin II. Howt'll, and father 
of Thomas A. Howell, was born in l>r()oklyn, IS,"),"), died at 
Qnogne, Long- Island, Se})tember, 18i)<S, at the early age of forty- 
three. His early life was si)ent in Brooklyn, and he tlici-c ac- 
(|nired his education in a private school. He was still very 
young when he entered the business of his father, which at tlrit 
time bore the firm name of B. H. Howell & Son. Later the 
name was changed to its present form of B. H. Howell. Son sfc 
Company. He was acti\'ely interested in this business until 
very shortly liefore his death. He was married in Brooklyn, 
New York, to Mary Blackwell, who bore him two children: 
Thomas A., see forward. Corinne Blackwell, who l)ecame tlie 
wife of Channing P. Wiley. 

Thomas A. Howell, only son and eldest child of Henry B. 
and Mary (Blackwell) Howell, was born at Brooklyn, Xew 
York, November 9, 1878. He was educated at the Hotchkius 
school in Lakeville, Connecticut, and later attended Yale 
University, from which he was graduated in the class of 1900. 
He immediately commenced an active business career and be- 
came a partner in the tirm of B. H. Howell, Son and Company, 
of which he is an active member at the })resent day. 

Mr. Howell married, Feln-uary 8, 1902, Helen Akin, daugh- 
ter of Albro and Emma (Read) Akin, and they are the parents 
of two children: Thomas A. W., born l)ecend)er 12, 1902; and 
William H., born March 6, 1905. 

The history of this family goes back to the earliest settle- 
ment of Flushing, on Long Island, and there is reason to believe 


that it was of Freiicli Huguenot origin, and tradition reports 
tliat they came from Xonnandy, the original form of the name 
being- d'Emliree. As the name ai)]!ears in this country many 
years before the Huguenot immigration of KiSG, they were proli- 
ably among the hirge number of families who fled from France to 
Holland to escape jiersecution, and from thence came to America 
with the Dutch. Their first settlement was in Westchester, 
from whence they removed to Long island. One of the earliest 
mentions of the name is in the will of Nicholas Parcell or Pears- 
all, dated March 10, 1689-90. In this he leaves a legacy "to 
Rol)ert Embree, son of my daughter Sarah Embree." She was 
probaltly the wife of John Embree, whose name appears at an 
early date. About the same time appears the name of Moses 
Embree (iirol)ably a brother of John) and these two seem to be 
the ])rogenitors of the race. 

Roliert Embree was probably the father of John Embree 
who married Sarah, daughter of Francis Doughty. She was 
born in 1703. Her grandfather, Rev. Francis Doughty, is in- 
sejiarably connected with the founding of the town of Flusiiing 
and Xewtown. His sons Elias and Francis were very prominent 
in our early annals. Francis Doughty married ^largaret, widow 
of Kev. John Moore, of Xewtown. She was a daughter of Edward 
Howell, whose name must ever be famous as the founder of 
Southampton, the first English town in the province of Xew 
York, and the ancestor whose descendants may be numbered 
by the thousand. Among the children of John and Sarah Em- 
bree was a son, John Embree, who married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Richard Lawrence and Hannah Bowne. She was born April 
15, 1720. Their son, Effingham Embree, was born September 
24, 1759, and died December 3, 1817. He married his cousin, 
Mai-y Lawrence (daughter of John Lawrence and Ann Burling). 
She was born October 17, 1763, and died September 16, 1831. 


Tliey were married December 26, 1780. In the early })art of 
the last pentnry, few men in New York were better known or 
more prominent tliaii " Etitingiiam Embree, Gentleman," as his 
name so freqnently occurs in the records of those days. Shortly 
after the Revolutionary war he was appointed by congress to 
bring u]) the standard of the gold and silver coin then in cir- 
culation which has l)een l)adly sweatted and clipped during that 
war. In 1817 he purchased a large tract of land in what is now 
the heart of the city, but then in the suburbs. This was a part 
of the ancient Bayard Farm, and extended from "^leadow 
street" (now Grand street) to below "Sugar Loaf" street (now 
Franklin street), and from Broadway to the land of Trinity 
Church, so famous as the bone of contention with the heirs of 
Anneke Jans. By the |)urchase of this tract he became 
one of the largest land owners in the city. Its value now is 
immense, but it cost then but a few thousand pounds. While 
a resident of the city and one of its most prominent citizens, his 
country' place was at Flushing, Long Island, and the mansion 
Imilt by him yet remains as a very interesting relic of the past. 
He was also the owner of many thousand acres of land in Ken- 
tucky, Pennsylvania and the northern ))art of Xew York state. 
The origin of the name of Effingham will be given in another 
l)Iace, and this name has continued in the family for four genera- 

The children of Effingham and Mary (Lawrence) Embree 
were: 1. John Lawrence, born February '11, 1783, married De- 
borah Lawrence, and had a son George W., liorn in 1844. His 
son Frank L., is a resident in Xew York. '1. Effingham L., born 
October 12, 17i)l, married Eliza Hartman, and had two sons, 
George and Edward. The latter lived in Fairtield, Xew Jersey, 
and died in li)05. The former is now living in Soutli Carolina. 
;>. Lawrence Effingham, born .Inly !t, 17!I4, died November 2, 

\ol. 1—31 


1849. He inarricMl Sarali Kul)in.sou, daughter ol" Walter Frank- 
lin. July 9, 1821. They liad eight children, all of whom died in 
iufauey, exrei)t Kohert Cornell Enihree, l)i)rn January 'I'l, 1824, 
in the old family mansion at Flushing and died Sei)teml)er 14, 
1902, in the same town; ^lary Ann, born January 24, 1829, mar- 
ried (."harles Townsend. of a famous J^ong Island family, and 
had two daughters. Sarah Franklin, wife of Dr. Kieliard Sea- 
man, and ^lary Embree, who died unmarried at an eai'ly age. 
4. Jane L., horn Ai)ril 12, 1797, married John Wines. 5. Mar.y 
Ann, I)orn duly l."!, 1799, died unmarried in 1824. 6. Hannah, 
born February 19, 180G, nuirried Gilbert Hieks. 

Robert Cornell Em]>ree married Pliebe Seaman Birdsall. 
daughter of James F. Birdsall. July 8, 1852. at Xew York City. 
She was born duly 4. 18;')(), and died December 10. 1904. Their 
children were: 1. Caroline, born June 1, 1853, died January 
o, 18(30. 2. Lawrence Eifiugham, born May 17, 1856. 3. James 
Kobert, born May 23, 1859, died March 21, 1892. He was a 
graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columl)ia 
University, and Clu^rity and Xew York Hosintals, and mitil 
about a year before his death was actively engaged in the prac- 
tice of liis ijrofession. 4. Cornelia, born July 1, 1861, is now liv- 
ing at Flushing. She married Francis J.J. de Kaismes, April 
4, 1883, and lias three children, Francis Embree, Robert Embree 
and Embree de Raismes. 5. Edith Franklin, born July 11, 1863. 

Lawrence Effingham Embree, the present representative 
of the name went with his parents to Flushing about the year 
1860 and has since that time made that place his residence. 
His father, Robert Cornell Embree, began life as a civil engineer, 
and heli)ed to build the old Croton reservoir on Fifth avenue, and 
was also associated with Captain Blunt on the United States 
coast survey. He afterwards studied law in the office of Peter 
Augustus day and Hamilton Fish. After the death of ]\Ir. Jay, 

Effingham Embree. 


and as Mr. Fish had l^een made secretary of state, he formed a 
partnership with Walter Rutherford, who was his fellow clerk, 
under the firm name of Rutherford and Emhree. This continued 
until the death of ^Ir. Rutherford. He was counsel foi- many 
distinguished men, and as executor settled many estates of great 

His son, Lawrence Effingham Emln-ee, obtained his early 
education at the famous Flushing Institute, and later was in the 
class of 78 in Columbia College, graduated from the law school 
in 1879, and was for some years in the office of ]\roore. Hand 
and Bonney, of which the learned genealogist, Charles R. ^loore, 
was the head. Tn 1888 he joined his father, their office being at 
lo5 Broadway, where he still continues, tlie personnel of the 
firm being Finck, Embree iS: Cobb. ^Ir. Embree is a meml^er 
of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, Xew 
York State Bar Association, Queens County Bar Association, 
The Cnion (Uub, New York Yacht Club, St. Nicholas Society^ 
Dwight Alumni Association and Oakland Golf Club of Baysidc, 
Long Island. In religion he adheres to the principles of his 
Quaker ancestors, and in politics belongs to the Republican 

party, but has never been or sought to be what is commonly 
known as a |)olitician. 

It remains to add a short notice of the lines of descent 
from prominent families of the early days. 


Captain Thomas Willett was born in England, Kill, died at 
P>ari-ington, Alassachusetts, August, 1674. In 1651 he was a mag- 
istrate of Plymouth and was the first to inform Governor Peter 
Stuyvesant of the coming of the English fleet under Richard 
Nicoll in 1664. After the surrendei' on June 12, 1665, he was a])- 
pointed the first ma\or of New Y'ork. AMien the Dutch recapt- 
ured the city, his ])roperty was confiscated, but was soon restored. 


He was l)uri('(l at Heli()l)otli, or Swansea, in the town of Seeconck, 
Massarliiisetts. A ])lain tomlistone l)ears this inscrijitinn : "l(i74. 
Here lies the Body of ye Honh'' Thomas WiHett, Y.^i[. Wlio 
died August ye 4tli in ye G-ith year of liis age. Who was the 
First Mayor of New York and twice did sustain ye Pkice." 
"1669. Here lyeth the l)ody of the virtuous :\rrs. :\Iary Willett 
wife to Thomas Willett Esq. Who died January ye 8 ahout ye 
(Joth yeai' of her age Daughter to ye Hon''"' dohn Brown Esij." 
Thomas Willett married Mary Brown, July (!, 1 ()."!(). They were 
the parents of thirteen cliildren. 

Andrew Willett, the twelfth eliild. was horn Octolier 5, 
1655, and died in 1712. He married. May 30, 1(582, Ann, daugh- 
ter of (xovernor William C'oddington, of Rhode Ishmd, and had 
five cliildren. Of these, ^lary Willett married .Foseiih Carjienter, 
1711. Their daughter, Phel)e Carpenter, niai-ried Daniel Willets. 
Their son, Jacoh W^illets, married Hannah Powell, and tlieir 
daughter Phehe W^illets, married Elijali Seaman, a direct 
descendant of Ca])tain John Seaman. Their daughter. Avis 
Seaman, mari'ied James Ferris Birdsall, wliose daugliter, Phehe 
Seaman P>irdsall, nuirried Rohert Cornell Emliree. Mr. Law- 
rence Effingham P^mhree is therefore a descendant of the ninth 
generation from the first mayor of New York. 

Of Jacob Wallets it is said: He died at his homestead in 
Islij). He always wore a drab cloth suit, long tailed coat, knee 
breeches and buckles on his shoes. In his old age he was blind 
and was led by his great-grand(hiughter Phel)e." (Mrs. Robert 
C. Embree.) 


Governor W^illiam Coddington married Ann Brindley. 
Their daughter Ann, born July 26, 166."^, married Andrew 
Willett, as above. 



A\'illi;uii Lawrence married Elizabeth, daiigliter of Richard 
Smith, the patentee and founder of Smitlitown, Long 
Ishind. Tlieir oldest son, Josej:)]! Lawrence, married Mary, 
daugliter of Sir Hicliard Townley. Tlieir son, Kiehard Law- 
rence, married Hannah, (huighter of Samuel Bowne. Their 
daughter, Elizabeth Lawrence, married John Embree. Joseph 
Lawrence had also a daughter, Dorothy, who married Francis 
Howard, who on December 8, 1731, was made first earl of 
P^ffingluun. Hence the name Effingham, was assumed by the 
I^awrence and Embree families. 


Thomas Franklin married, at Westbury meeting liouse, Joth 
of 1st inontli, 1703, Mary, daughter of Nathaniel and Martha 
Fearsall. Tliey had sons Jolm, Walter and Samuel. They 
were all })rominent merchants in New York. 

John Franklin had a son, Walter Franklin, born dune lo, 
1773. He married Sarali ^Morris, and had three children: Sarah 
Kobinson, Walter and Townsend Fudei'liill. Sarali Rolnnson 
Franklin was born duly lli, 1798, died January D, 18(54. She 
married Effingliam Lawrence Embree, July 9, \S'2\. 

Walter Franklin (son of Thomas) was one of tlie committee 
of one hundred chosen l)y the freeholders, May 23, 1775. Being 
very successful he retired with a large fortune. He married 
Hannah, daughter of Daniel Bowne. Their cliildren were: 
^larie, wife of (Jovernor \)^' Witt ('linton; Haniinh, wife of 
(ieorge ("linton; and Sarah, wife of dolm L. Norton. Walter 
Franklin died June 8, 1780. His widow married Hon. Samuel 
Osgood. In 17S!», Mr. ( )sg()od and Mr. William Duer (who 
m:irrie(l "Lady Kitty," daughter of William, Lord Sterling, 
a famous general in the Revolution) were chostMi to select 


a house in New York for tlie occupation of President 
'\Vasliington. They chose the house of AValter Franklin on 
Cherry street. Mrs. Osgood and Mrs. Duer superintended the 
furnishing. A letter written at the time by Sarah Robinson, a 
niece of Walter Franklin, states "The whole of the first and 
second stories are papers, and the floors covered with the richest 
kind of Turkey and Wilton carpet." It was one of the finest 
houses in New York at that time. 


This family of Iln.i;uenot ancesti'y is descended from Kev. 
Jacques Sanxay, who was born al)out the middle of the seven- 
teenth century at or near Taillebourg in tlie Province of Xain- 
tonge, France. He died, a Huguenot exile, at Pjxeter, England, 
about 17!i.'). His son, Kev. James Sa.nxay, was born at Exeter, 
Xovember 2, KiOO, and died \\)v\\ 2, 17(5S. He married Anna 
Badger, daughter of Rev. Edward Badger, Rector of Bedworth, 
A^'arwickshire. She died July ."), 175S. They were the parents 
of Jolin Sanxay, born Se])tember, 174(). at Tetcott, Devonshire. 
P]ngland, died March 10, 1811. He was the first and only one to 
emigrate to America, came from England to X^ew York, prior to 
]77.'>, and was there married to Sarah He Voe, by Rev. Dr. In- 
glis. rector of Trinity Church, February 14, 177'). His wife, 
Sarah l)e \"()e ( De Vaux) Sanxay, born December S. 17.'')(), died 
February 14, ISOl, belonged to the De A^aux family which Hed 
from La Rochelle, France, and went to Manheim, (Jermany, 
which was afterward a ])ortion of France. From thence he came 
to America and settled at Xew Rochelle. Their son, 
Frederic Sanxay. was born in Xew York, ( )ctobev 27, 
17!n. and died there, P^'ebruary 7, 1S75. He married Mary 
27. 1701. and died there, February 7, 1875. He married Mary 
A\'hippl('. March 1."). 1818. She was born February 2, 18(H), and 


died June 10, ISi'T. Tlieii- son, Theodore Sanxay. was born at 
Cincinnati. Ohio, Marcli 12, 1819, and died December 15, 1892. 
He married Hetty Ann Perry. May, 1842. She was born Janu- 
ary .■>, 1818, died ^[areh 20, 18!)(). Theii- son. Theodore Freder- 
ic Sanxay. was born Marcli 12, 184."). at Iowa City, Iowa. 

Theodore Frederic Sanxay, the ])re<ent rei)resentative of 
this family, received his early education at private schools ami 
at the Cleveland Institute, Cleveland, Ohio. He entered Prince- 
ton Univer.sity and graduated as A. B. in the class of 18()l-, and 
later received from the said university the degree of A. M., and 
the deg:ree of LL. B. from the Cniversity of Albany, where he 
had been a law student in the same class with the late William 
McKiuley. He connnenced the ])ractice of his profession in 
Xew York, and liad an extended ]iractice for several years, when 
failing health coni])elled him to relax his etforts. He was at connected with the late Sketifington Sanxay, Es(i.. a grand- 
son of John Sanxay, whose learning and ability gave him great 
distinction at tlie bar, and whose eccenti'icities are recalled by 
many stories concerning him. ( )iie of these refers to a certain 
case where his oi){)onent was the late K. W. Stoughton, after- 
wards Fnited States minister to Kussia. The latter was a large 
man of most distinguished ap];earance and lofty bearing, which 
was greatly em]iliasized l\v having long curling locks of hair 
which stood out with gi'eat profusion al)out a head, large and 
massi\-e. ( )n a call of the case in one of the ap])ellate courts. Mr. 
Sanxay announced his own readiness to ])roceed, but said that 
his opponent, "one Stuffton," as he ))ronounced the name, did 
iu)t apiiear to lie in coui't. 

^Ir. Sanxay from boyhood had been (leei)Iy interested in 
jiolitics. l)ecanie an ardent He])ul4ican, became well known as a 
camjiaign speaker, and was a member of the Xew York Repub- 
lican County Committee in the earlv seventies, when an attemtit 


was made to detaininanyize the party by a reoi-ganizatioii. Tlie 
leaderslii]) of the party fell into the liaiids of the late President 
Chester A. .Vrtliui', then cojiector of tlu' ixii't, hnt experience as 
to the i)ractical side of politics gave him no desire for it as a 
])nrsnit. Tlie cliairman of a eam])aign committee, ^Yhen giving 
final instrnction as to what he desired, said: "I want to im])ress 
it njion all onr sjjeakers, to sjjeak riglit to tlie jiassions of the 
l)e()ple. " Ml-. Sanxay. with better judgment, had always tried to 
do the opposite. lie has ever been a Kei)nblican, but of the inde- 
jxMideiit type, and lias never held or sought political office. 

In religious association, 'Sir. Sanxay has ever held to the 
faith of his JIuguenot ancestors. His direct affiliations have 
l)een with the Presbyterians, though he has sometimes attended 
the Dutch Keforined church. In social affairs Mr. Sanxay is 
comu^cted with the Inion League Club and the Princeton Uni- 
versity. He is a memlier of the New Yoi'k Historical Society, is 
one of the Sons of the American Revolution and is one of the di- 
rectors of the New York ()i>lithalmic Hospital. 

Jacques Sanxay, the ancestor of this honored family, was 
the son of a well-to-do mercliant, who lived at Taillebourg 
(Xaintouge), France, who belonged to the Sanxay family, which 
was so actively identified with the Reformed church at Saintes. 
One of the most distinguished members of that family was 
Pierre Sanxay, the ]ioet. He was ])astor of the church "De La 
l*ai'ole de Dieu" at Saintes from 157(» to 157(i. He was also the 
intimate fi'iend of Bernard Palissy, the artist, philosoi)her and 
mai'tyr. and wrote the introductory verses to his book, entitled, 
"A Receipt Veritable." 

As soon as ,Iac(|ues Sanxay was old enough, he was sent to 
Madeleine College at Bordeaux, an institution controlled by the 
Jesuits, but distinguished foi' its training in the classical lan- 
guages. Here he won the prize for ehxiuence, and the Jesuits 


songlit liis father's consent to bring liini into their society. His 
father thereui)on withdrew him from the college and sent him 
to London, where he remained neai-ly two years. His father 
having died, he retnrned to France and entered the Protestant 
College at Sanmnr, where he graduated with degree of ^l. A. 
He became a minister and served the chnrch at St. Jean 1) 'Angle, 
and afterwards at Tonnay Boutonne. Xaintonge. T'pon the 
Revocation of the Edict of Xantes, he was ordered to close his 
church and desist from preaching, which he declined to do. 
Dragoons were quartered in his house and he was confined for 
six months in ])rison. and was released upon condition of leaving 
France. He therefore went to England and became the pastor of 
St. Olave's ("hurch, com}josed of large numbers of refugees, at 
Exeter, and there he remained until his death. He left two sons, 
James and Daniel. Both were graduated from Oxford and be- 
came clergymen of the Church of England. James was rector 
of Tetcott, where John, his son, who afterwards came to Amer- 
ica, was born. The latter was a Loyalist during the Revolution, 
and went with his family to Shelburne, Xova Scotia, but re- 
turned in ITSii. He was a ^lason and one of the ])etiti()ners foi- 
a charter for Trinity Lodge. X'o. 10, organized in 1795. 

The family arms are engraved on some of the burial monu- 
ments in Euro])e. but have not been used in the Lnited States. 


Of the families bearing- this name there are several dis- 
tinct branches who came to this country at dii^'erent times, the 
oldest of them emigrating prior to 1657 and settling at Kings- 
ton. Rhode Island, and their descendants have ever since been 
identified with the history of that state. 

The first settlers ai)pear to have been three brothers, John, 
James and Roger Kenyou. John, the eldest, Avas boru in 1657, 


nud died in 17o:2, at Westerly, where the latter part of his life 
was spent. He married and his children were: John, married 
Filizal»t'th Remington; James, Ensel, Joseph, David and Jona- 
than. James, the second l>rotlier, died in Westerly, Rhode 
Island, in 1724. He and his wife Ruth were the parents of 
seven children, as follows: James, Thomas, Ebenezer, John, 
Peter, Sarah and Rntli. Roger, the third 1)rother, died in Xew 
Shoreham. By liis marriage to Mary Hay one child was born, 
Roger, 1685. 

Samuel Kcnyon, prol)al)ly a desi-endaiit nf James Kenyon, 
one of the pioneer settlers, was the father of a son, Elijah, who 
married Peneloi)e Perry, a member of a family well known in 
the annals of our county, and their children were: jjcwis, 
Simeon P., Beriali, Perry, Elijah and Samuel. ( )f these chil- 
dren Lewis, the eldest, married Xancy Sherman and they were 
the parents of eleven children: Al>iel, Lucy, Pamelia, Elijah, 
Sarah, Isaac, RandoIi)h, Mary Ann, Hannah, Susan, Charles. 
The family resided at Kenyon, Rhode Island. Lewis Kenyon 
died in 18o9. Simeon Perry, the second son, bora July 13, 1788, 
died July 5, 18B1. He married Sarah Clarke, who bore him the 
following children : Simeon, Septeml)er 2(), 1810; Lavinia, March 
;](), 181-1; Halsey X., March 25, 1816; Augaista M., September 
1, 1817; James Alfred, September 2, 1819, mentioned herein- 
after; Mary Ann, August 1, 1821. 

James Alfred Kenyon, fifth child of Simeon Perry and 
Sarah (Clarke) Kenyon, was born in Clairmout, Columbia coun- 
ty, X'^ew York, September 2, 1819. He engaged in business at 
Preston-Hollow, Albany county, Xew York. Later he removed 
lo Delaware county, Xew York, and there was engaged in manu- 
facturing leather up to 1884, after which date he I'esided in 
Waverly, X^ew York, where his death occurred July, 1895. He 
married (first), April 28, 1847, Olivia II. Devereux, who died 


.hiiic !), IS,")!); IK) cliildi'cii. Married (second), dune 7, 18(55, 
Hutli Adaline Taiuiei', and their cliildi'en are: .Vddie Olive, 
bdrn June 2'2, 18()(i; (leorge Alfred, boi'ii Sei)tenil)er 3, 18G8. 
died October 18, LS(i9; James Henry, horn July 9, 1872. 

Dr. James Henry Kenyon was l)()rn at C'annonsville. Dela- 
ware (•(.unty. Xew \'ork. July i), 1872. His elementary ti'ain- 
ing' was a('(|uired in the scliools of ( 'annonsville and Wavei'ly. 
In 1888 he entered the i>re]>aratory school at Lawrenceville, 
New Jersey, and in 1890 Princeton Tniversity, graduating 
from that institution in June. 1894. He mati'iculated at the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons in Xew York Oity, and in 
June, 1898, graduated from that institution with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. From -Inly, 1898, to July. 1902, he served 
as interne of the New York Hospital. In the fall of 1902 he 
engaged in the active i;ractice of his profession in tlie city of 
Xew York, and in addition thereto serves in the capacity of 
assistant surgeon at Trinity Hos])ital, and as assistant surgeon 
of the out-]iatient de]iartment of the Xew York Hos]>ital and al 
tlie V^anderhilt Clini". Dr. Kenyon is a menilier of the County 
Medical Society, Academy of ]\Iedii'ine, and the Society of the 
Alumni of the Xew York Hospital. 

Kingstt)wn, which was the original seat of this family, was 
erected as the seventh town, in the colony in 1()74. Among the 
many interesting relics of the past, with which IJhode Island 
abounds, is Coronation Kock n])on which (,)ueen Esther, the last 
ruler of the Xarragansett Indians, was crowned in 1770. This 
rock, now ])earing a suitable (H)nunemorative tablet, stantls on 
the l\en>-on fai'm on the old Peipmt Path in Clarkstown. 



Isaac Heudrix, whose name iutroduces this review, be- 
longed to a fhiss and type of men who during his day and genera- 
tion were leaders in the industrial and commercial affairs of 
Xew York City. Isaac Hendrix was born at Piermont, Kock- 
land county, New York, January 12, 1813. His parents were 
Henry and Maria (Onderdonk) Hendrix, the latter ))eing a de- 
scendant from one of the three Onderdonk brothers, who emi- 
grated from Holland and settled along the Hudson river during 
early colonial days near where Piermont is now located in Rock- 
land county, Xew York. The Onderdonk ancestors, who were 
among the early colonial settlers along the Hudson river, owned 
a large tract of land which, family tradition states, was situated 
between Piermont and Xyack, where some of the old homes still 
stand in their original form. 

hi the Onderdonk family record, in possession of Miss 
Emma Hendrix, appears the following record: L Garret J. 
Onderdonk, born October 25, 1784. 2. Mary Onderdonk, born 
September 2i), 1785. 3. Catharine, born December 29, 1796. 4. 
Isaac, born .September 21, 18U1. 5. Fanny, liorn November 26, 

Henry Hendrix, father of Isaac Hendrix. was a farmer 
by occupation and was a worthy representative of the stui'd}' 
yeomanry of his day. He married Mary Onderdonk and there 
were born to them two sons and two daughters, as follows: 
.lohn and Tiney (twins), born June 12, 1809; Jolm married and 
had one son and one daughter, Isaac and Caroline Heudrix; 

the latter married Buckhout and now resides at Xyack, 

New York. The next in order of birth was Jane, born July 7, 
1815, who did not marry. Isaac, see forward. 

Isaac Hendrix received his educational training in the 
schools of the neighborhood as was the custom among farmer's 


\jYjfa^€>tJ^Cenc//'i.\ '■ 


sons in those days. During- liis early nianliood years lie canie 
to New York City and, being possessed of a strong ambition and 
desire to succeed in life, applied himself diligently to whatever 
he undertook to do, and by perseverance and economy saved 
sutificient capital to engage in business. In 1854 he associated 
himself with Henry Du Bois and engaged in the dock building 
trade under the firm name of Du Bois & Hendrix. Under the 
well directed el!:'orts of liotli these gentlemen the interests of 
the firm were rapidly advanced, and they soon l)ec*ame well and 
favorably known as the leading dock builders of Xew York 
harbor. This business arrangement was successfully continued 
nj) to 1878, and during this entire period of time the name of 
Du Bois iS: Hendrix was everywhere regarded as a synonym for 
honorable business metliods. 

In addition to his extensive interests in the dock building 
trade, Mr. Hendrix was extensively interested in other industrial 
and tiuancial enterprises in Xew York City. He was foi' many 
years a director in the (ireenwich Bank on Hudson sti'eet, a 
member of the board of trustees of the Xew York Savings l>ank 
at Eighth avenue and Fourteenth street ; for some time was a 
member of tlie board of directors of the East River X'ational 
Bank at the corner of Broadway and Great Jones street ; for 
a number of years was a director and president of one of the 
Xew York fire insurance comjmnies, whose affairs were finally 
ii(|uidated under the direction of ^fr. Hendrix; and for a num- 
ber of years served in the board of directors and was the vice- 
president of the Twenty-third Street and Christopher Street 
Railway Company. During his broad and varied experience 
with industrial and financial enter]n'ises. Mr. Hendrix always 
displayed splendid business ability and a high order of social 
qualities, which won for him the esteem and confidence of many 
of the leading business men of his day. He was freiiuently 


called upon to adiiiiuistor estates as executive, to whicli position 
he was appointed 1>>' the courts. 

In his home liTe Mr. Ilendvix fully exemplified the traditions 
of his forefathers; he loved his home and family, lie was gener- 
ous to a fault, and was evei-ywhei'e I'ecognized as a good and 
w(.rthy citizen. He was a loving Inisbnnd and an indulgent 
fatlier, and at his (U'atli, which occurr^^d September 19, l<Si)S. liis 
loss was mounu'd ])v many who knev; him best. 

Isaac Hendi'ix married, January 21, lS-1-1, Sarah M. Stans- 
l:;ny, boi'ii August 4, ISIS, daughter of Jose]ih and ]^Iargaret 
(I'lioip) Stanslniry, of Kahway. Xew Jersey. Of this marriage 
were l)orn tliree children: Emma and Sarali F. (twins) l)orn 
April 17, 1S47; the latter died December, 1848. Walter, born 
February 2. lS(i(», mai-ried Ina ]\L Moore, by whom he had one 
son. Walter i\. Hendrix. born April 18, 1883. Walter Hendrix 
died July 26, 1889. Sarah M. Hendrix died February 19, 1892; 
slie was an estimable lady of the old seliool type and ])0ssessed 
of nriiiy excellencies of character which endeared her to many knew liei' in life. 


TliM following interesting detviils of the ancestors of AVilliam 
and Robert AVright Dixon are taken from researches of the late 
Anne Cutting, who was the wife (»f Charles Cutting, decea^-ed, 
who was Virotliei- of Alfred Cutting. The ancestors of the Dixon 
family were originally Scotch, liaving come to England in the 
leign of James 1, when tliat Scotch king became king of England 
throuch the union of Scotland and England by grace of (,)ueen 
Elizabetli. The forebears of (ireorge Dixon, father of William 
Dixon, were of the Dicksons of Belcherter and Buhtrig branch of 
the ('Ian Dixon, who wei-e lineal descendants of Hervey de Keth, 
Fail Marshall of Scotland, who died 1249. 'iho P]arl Mctrshall 

William Dn 

Emma C. Dixon 


niarried Tirargaret, daughter of William 3rd, Lord Douglas, and 
their sou Eichard was the ancestor of Clan Dixon. The Arms 
hf the Dicksons of Belcherter and Buhtrig are : Azure three Mul- 
lets, Argent, on a Chief Or. as Many Pallets gu. Crest: A dexter 
hand holding a sword in b^^nd iiroi)er. ^[otto: Fortes fortuna 
inrat. The ancestors of Ennn-i Cutting, sister to Alfred and 
Charles Cutting, were of the gentry of Xort1uiml)erland. and 
wore very large landowners in that Earldom. She had the seal 
of the arms of the Cutting family, which is now in the possession 
of some member of the family. 

George Dixon, a luitive of Enaland, married Eleanor Harris, 
also a nati^■e of England, who liore liiin two children: William, 
sei foi'wai'd: Elizabeth, who was twice married and spent her 
entire life in Yorkshire. 

William Dixon, a venerable and eminently respected citizen 
of Pleasant Plains, town of Westfield, borough of Richmond, 
where he has resided for nearly tifty years, was born in the vil- 
la.oe of Beall. Yorkshire. England, August 22, 1815. He received 
his educational traininii in th" schools of his native county. Tn 
1S30 lie came to the United States with his uncle, John Harris, 
who settled in Xew York City, where he was for many years en- 
gaged in the imiiortation of woolen fabrics. He remained in the 
emii!o\ of his micle. and took charge of his books for a period of 
ten yeai's. when he engaged in business on his own account in 
tlip produce and commission trade. He finally opened a store at 
^-[^l We^^t street, Xmv York City, where he ctmducted the business 
sonr? time. ^Fr. Dixon soon won the trust and confidence of a 
wide conjninnitv of business men, and became known for his 
straii;htfoiwai'dness in transacting his business affairs. Durini>- 
the many years oi' his active linsiness ]»ursuits, he received con- 
sionments of ])roduce from all ])arts of Xew Jersey and Dela- 
ware, where his name A^as legarded by his clients as being syn- 

Vol. 1—22 


onymons witli ]ionoral)le and straightforward business methods. 
In l'S()S lit' purchased a farm in the town of AVestfield from John 
'^^'ogU)m, where he took up his residence, residing there for a 
numl)er of >'ears. In 1885 he retired from active business pur- 
suits and at present resides with his daughter, Mrs. Arthur 
Pasco, at Pleasant Plains. 

A^'illiam hixon was married at St. Jolni's Episcopal Church. 
Brooklyn, by Rev. E. Johnson, October 20, 1836, to Emma C. 
Cutting, liorn October 12, 1818, a native of Suffolk county, Eng- 
land. She came to the United States at the age of seven with her 
parents, who took \\\) their abode on Long Island, where the)' en- 
gaged at farming. Of tliis marriage "Sir. Dixon had born to him 
a family of ten children: 1. Oeorge Harris, born Januaiy 15, 
1S;')8. man-icd Jam' AVeslern. of Little AVasliington, Xew Jersey, 
and had ten childi-en. namely: Charles, William, Ida, Bella, 
Isaac, (leorgianna, Richard, George, Emma, and Frank. George 
Hari'is Dixon, father of these children, died June 10, 1880. 2. 
Emily Cutting, born January 25, 18-10, married George O'Brien, 
of Xew Brunswick, X"ew Jersey, and has three children: Will- 
iam, AValter and John O'Brien. 3. Frank Thomas, born March 
12. 184;5, married Louisa Kissam, and has nine children : Eu- 
gene, Annie, Ella, Oliver, Walter, Lilie, Frank, George and one 
who died in infancy. A. Robert Wright, see forward. 5. Will- 
iam Reynolds, born July 21, 1849, married Alice Simonson, no 
issue. After her death he married (second) Lucinda Simonson, 
and has one child, Emily Dixcn. (i. Alice Smith, born March 
21, 1852, married Arthur Pasco, of Pleasant Plains, borough of 
Richmond, and has one daughter, Lavinia, who married Edward 
Ellis, and has three children: Aithnr. Charles, and Alice Ellis. 
7. Isaac Fisher, born June 3i), 1^54, died December 20, 1861. 8. 
^Morris Bradford, l)orn January 20, 1857. married Eva Saur, 
and has niiic children: Moriis, Eva, Leroy, and Fannie, who 


are yet siii-viving. The otlier five died in early life. 9. Amelia 
Elizabeth, born .Inly (i, 18()0. nuinied Nevada Magill, of Farm- 
ingdale. Xew Jersey, no issne. 1(J. Charles Edward, born 
March 6, 18(i:!. died Febrnary 16, 1888. The mother of the afore- 
mentioned ehildi-eii. Emma V. (Cntting) Dixon. <lied Jnly VI. 
1900. She was a most estimable lady of the old school tyi)e, and 
was ])ossessed of many excellent qualities of mind and heart. 
Her death was dee])ly himonted not only by her immediate fam- 
ily, bnt also by many neighbors and friends. 

Robei't Wright Dixon, foni'th child of AYilliam and Emma 
C (C'ntting) Dixon, i>orn Jnly 11, 1845, was edncated and reared 
to manhood >ears nnder the parental roof, and npon taking np 
the practical dnties of life became engaged in the ])rodnce and 
commission bnsiness under the tuition of his father, and since 
his father's retirement from the business has continued the same 
u]t to the ])re-ent time ^fr. Dixon has in every way proved 
himself a wortliy scion of a worthy sire, and not unlike his fath- 
er the name of Robert AVright Dixon is everywhere regarded in 
commei-cial circles as being synonymous with honesty and 
straisihtforward business methods. He resides on the home- 
stead near Kossville. 

Robert Wright Dixon married Emma Nicer, born ^Nfarch 
16, 1849, daughter of John and So])liia (Karst) Nicer, both 
natives of Germany; they came to the United States in 1845 
and settled in the city of New York. ]\Ir. and ^[rs. Dixon had 
three children : 1. Robert Nicer, see forward. 2. ^fagenta. born 
May 30, 1870. a graduate of the New York Conservatory of 
Music, was the organist of St. John's Methodist Episcopal 
Church, Rossville, for fifteen years, and at present is the organ- 
ist of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Woodrow. 3. Amelia 
S., born June 26, 1872. married AYilliam Wardlaw. son of Rev. 
Wardlaw. of Rossville. liorough of Richmond. Of this marriage 


tlierc is no issue. 4. N'ioU't, l)t)rn Xovt'iiil»t'r 20, 1875, died No- 
vember 20, 1875. 5. Warren Freeman, boi'n August 4, 1881, 
died April 21, 1883. G. Olga, born February G, 1884, died Octo- 
ber 3, 1884. ^Ir. and Mrs. Dixon are both consistent members 
of tlie Methodist Episc'0])al ehureli at Woodrow. 

Robert Nicer Dixon, eldest child of Robert Wright and 
Enuna (Nicer) Dixon, l)orn January 10, 18G8, received his 
educational training under private tuition, and while in 
liis fourteentli year entered his father's office, where he 
was trained to the routine details of tlie ])roduce com- 
mission business, remaining thus engaged until his twenty- 
first year, when he entered into partnershij) witli his father 
under the firm name of R. ^\. Dixon & Son, and the ar- 
rangement has been successfully continued up to the present 
time (1906), and the firm name of R. W. Dixon & Son is every- 
wliere regarded in connnercial circles as l)eing synonymous with 
honest business methods. 

In addition to his connnercial interests, Mrs. Robert N. 
Dixon is actively identified with athletic, yachting, military and 
fraternal organizations. He is a memljer of the New York 
Athletic Club, New York Y^acht Club, Atlantic Yacht Club, 
S(iuadron A, National Guard, State of New Y^ork, New York 
Zoological Society, Amateur Fencers League of America, Ameri- 
can Motor Boat Association, League of American Sportsmen 
and American Art Society. He is a member of Chancellor 
Walworth Lodge, No. 271, F. and A. M., and has attained to 
the thirty-second degree of the craft in the Scottish Rites, viz: 
Lodge of Perfection "4 to 14," the Council Princes of Jerusalem 
"15 to 16," Chapter of Rose Croix "17 to 18," and the Con- 
sistory of New Y^ork "19 to 32." Tn the York Rites: Triime 
Chapter, No. 241, R. A. M.; Adelphic Council, No. 7, R. and 
S. M.; Palestine Commandery, No. 18, Knights Temjilar; also 


a member of the Masonic Historical Society of Xew York, Mason- 
ic Chib of New York, and Mecca Temple, Ancieut Arabic Order 
of Nobles of the Mystic Shriue. He married Fannie Spatford 
Bogardus, no issue. They have an adopted daughter, Maude 
Dixon, born February 7, 1891. 


John McKeon, for many years a worthy and highly respect- 
ed citizen of the borough of Manhattan, city of New Y'ork, of 
which he was a native, was a representative in the second genera- 
tion of his family in America, he tracing his descent to the north 
of Ireland. 

James McKeon, father of John McKeon, and the founder 
of the family in America 1799, was born in the north of Ireland 
and came to the United States when he was but fifteen years 
of age. His sister Anne also came to this country and joined 
her brother. She married Francis McFarland, and settled in 
one of the villages west of Albany, presumably Schenectady or 
Utica. Ann (McKeon) McFarland had l)y her marriage a large 
family of sons and daughters. Two of her sons — William and 
Alexander — graduated from college and took up the medical 
IH'ofession. They settled in Ohio, where they became i)rominent. 
and their descendants have become numerous and are numbered 
among the leading citizens of the "Buckeye State." Francis 
McFarland, another son, studied for the priesthood, was or- 
dained, and later became Bislioi) of Providence, Kliode Island. 
He died at Hartford, Oonneeticut, and his mother, Ann 
(McKeon) McFarland, died at Providence, where she was buried 
m the old Catholic cemetery. 

-James McKeon took up his residence in the city of New 
York, and after working for others for some years, established 
himself in the grocery business. The habits of thrift and in- 


dustry which he had brought with him from his native land 
were carefully cultivated by him, and in addition he ado]jted 
the in-actieal business methods in vogue in his new home. The 
result could not fail of being a most successful one. He amassed 
a fortune which he invested judiciously, partly in an estate at 
Twenty-third street and Lexington aveniie, Xew York City, 
where he made his home. During all the time of his residence in 
this county, Mr. McKeon was a faithful attendant at and com- 
municant of the old St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church, on 
Barclay street. He died in his seventy -ninth year, at the home 
of his nephew, Patrick McKeon, in Woodrow, Staten Island. 
James McKeon married Ann 3yrne, who died quite young, 
leaving him with a family of four small children: 1. John, the 
subject of this sketch. 2. James, who married Susan Johnson, 
and resided in New York City. 3. Hugh, who married Jane 
Elizabeth Stothof, of Long Island, and resided in Xew York 
City. 4. Felix, who married Ellen Furlong, of Xew York City. 
John McKeon, eldest son of James and Ann (Byrne) Mc- 
Keon, was born on his father's homestead at Twenty-third 
street and Lexington avenue, X"ew York City, June 14, 1S2"2. 
He Avas educated in the public schools of this city, and his 
studious, careful work achieved results which were alike gratify- 
ing and creditable. Upon leaving school he entered the store of 
his father and assisted him until he had attained his majority. 
He then established himself in the business of trucking and 
expressing. He was energetic and determined in his business 
affairs, ready to do the utmost to satisfy the demand of his 
customers, and while progressive and ready to ado]it any method 
which would tend to the increase of business, was not forgetful 
of the old fashioned virtues of honesty, punctuality and straight 
forwardness. Under such management it was a natural result^ 
and not a surprising one, that Mr. McKeon saw his worldly pos- 


sessions increase to a very satisfactory extent. In 1882 Mr. 
McKeon bought the old Corey homestead, at Rossville, Staten 
Island, where he resided for some time. He also owned a 
beautiful home in Xew York City, where his death occurred 
on November 25, 1885. Mr. McKeon was inventive and enter- 
]irising as a business man, and while alive to the demands of his 
own business affairs, was ever ready to extend a helping hand 
to those in need of assistance. This he did in the ])ractical 
manner of helping them to help themselves, and thus the as- 
sistance he rendered was a benefit to the community in general. 
He gave freely of his time and money for charitable and re- 
ligious ])urposes, and was a devout communicant of the old 
Saint Peter's Roman Catholic Church in Barclay street, and 
was for many years a member of the board of trastees. He was 
an upright, ]iublic-spirited citizen, a loving husband, and an 
indulgent father. His kindness and generosity had won for 
hhn a large circle of friends, and his death left a gap which 
it was hard to fill. 

He married, November 14, 1846, Margaret Quin, l)orn Jan- 
uary 7, 1826, daughter of Michael and Sarah (]\IcSherry) Quin, 
both natives of the county of Armagh, Ireland, the latter of the 
city of Belfast. AFr. and Mrs. Quin, u])on coming to the Ignited 
States, located in Richmond county, now the borough of Rich- 
mond, Staten Island, where they resided until their death. Mr. 
and ]\Irs. ]\[cKeon had four children: 1. Mary Amelia, born 
November, 1850. died in infancy. 2. Sarah, February 7, 1856, 
married John Gleason, and has three children: Edwin S., born 
Se])tember 6, 1875; Irene, September 13, 1879, man-ied James 
Kemmy, and has one child: Margaret Claire Kennny, l)orn INIay 
5, 1905; and Sarah F., February 7, 1883. 3. John F., born Au- 
gust 21, 1858. 4. Joseph I., of whom sketch is subjoined. 

Joseph I. ^fcKeon, second son and youngest child of John 


find Margaret (Quin) McKeon, was born in the city of New York, 
January 4, 18(52. His early education was obtained in St. Peter's 
Parochial School, under the instructioi' of the Christian Broth- 
ers, and he tlu'ii entered the Manhattan College, from which lie 
graduated with the degree of A. B. and also obtained the degree 
of A. M. He entered the Law School of Coluinl)ia College, grad- 
uating with honor, with the degree of LL. B., Alay 28, 1884. He 
was from the vei-y beginning a student of more than usual ear- 
nestness and am))ition; eager to grasp all knowledge, and was 
gifted with a remarkable memory. This, combined with extraor- 
dinary oratorical i)o\vers, led to an inniiediate and wonderful 
success when lie commenced his practice of the law. Ui)on his 
graduation he was at once admitted to practice in the courts of 
the city of New York and in the Su})renie Court of the State. His 
ability and brilliancy were immediately recognized, and in a very 
short time he was master of an exceedingly lucrative practice. 
Mr. McKeon took an active interest in the i)o]itical conditions of 
his city and country. Jle became a member of Tanunany Hall. In 
1889 he was nominated by the County Democracy for the office 
of Civil Justice, but was defeated by the regular Tammany can- 
didate. In 18!)li, he was offered the nomination for Member of 
Congress, from the hirst District of New York, but declined this 
at the convention, which thereupon nominated the Hon. John K. 
Fellows. In 189o, Mr. Keon was appointed counsel to the City 
Building Cdnnnission, and discharged the duties of that position 
with great credit and aliiiity. He was an active supporter of the 
piinciples of Democracy in its truest and purest sense, and dur- 
ing the latter years of his life was a member of the Tanunany 
Hall (reneral ( 'nnniiiltee. He was a member of the Hoyal .\r- 
canum. of the Catholic Club, and of a great numl)er of social or- 
ganizations. His dentil occurred duly !(!, 1895, at the home of 
his ])arents at liossvillc, Staten Island. Although young in 


years, IsVv. AleKeon, with an energy and force of eliai'acter tlnit 
it would be hard to duplicate, had accomplished an amount (jf 
work that many a man of twice his years would not be ashamed 
to look back upon. His mind was ever at work, and the ideas 
which emanated from it were of such practical utility to the com- 
munity that the results were far-reaching and beneficial. He was 
one of those busy men who, in spite of the immense amount of 
labor devolving on them, always have time to spare wht'ii it is a 
question of helping those not so well equipped to help them- 
selves. His early death was deeply regretted by a large and de- 
voted circle of friends. 


James Kenyon. deceased, for many years actively identified 
with mercantile affairs in the city of Xew York, and a man of 
lofty character, was born August 20, 1791, at the family mansion 
in Beekman street, New York City, a son of William and Aliigail 
(Bowne) Kenyon. 

He was educated in a private school at Dover Plains, Dutch- 
ess county, New York, and entered u])on an active career in the 
city of New York, where he engaged in a mercantile business 
which he conducted for some years with marked success. He 
then removed to Clinton, Oneida county. New York, with his i)ar- 
ents, and there resided for some time. He subsequently re- 
moved to New Brunswick, Middle.-ex county, New Jersey, wlier>' 
he was for some year.s engaged in farming. In iV^oo he removed 
to Harlem, New York City, where he passed the remaining yeai's 
of his life in ])leasant retirement. He married Margaret Sickles 
Adriance, born October 18, 1790, at Harlem, a daughter of John 
and ^Tary (Bussing) Adriance, and a descendant of one of the 
pioneer families who were among the Harlem patentees, as re- 
lated on other pages of this work. Mr. Kenyon died Decembei- 


10, lSo2, having- survived liis wife, wlio died in 1842. They were 
most estimable Christian ])eople, e.\enii)hu-y memljers of the 
iHitcli lieformed cimrcli, and well known for their abundant 
charities and yenial li()s])italities. 'I'lieir cliildren were: 1. 
.lojiii. l)orn December I'D. LSI."!, married Harriet Moore, of New 
York ( ity; no issue. L'. Maiia. l)orn June 28, 1815; did not 
marry. ;>. James, born Api'il 20, 1817, died in Michigan; he 

married Anna . 4. Charles, boru March 19, 1819, died in 

eai'ly life. 5. Klizaljelh Barnes, born January 31, 1821. 6. 
Abigail Bowne, boiii Ajsiil 20, 1823, married I'harles Clarke; no 
issue. 7. Isaac Adriauce. born Marcli 22, 1825, married ^[ary 
Kdmund. 8. 9. Cliarles and Caroline (twins), born March 11, 
1827. Charles died in infancy. Caroline married Erastus Fitch 
Brown, born 1830, a son of Professor Erastus Fitch Brown, of 
New Haven, Connecticut. Their children were : Margaret Em- 
eline. born Novembei' 24, 1854, married Rev. Jabez Backus; Ed- 
g-ar Ketcham, born September 8, 1858, married Emily Cowper- 
thwaite, and they have one son, ^lortimer C, born November 5, 

William Barnes Kenyon, deceased, brother of the late 
James Kenyon. was during a long and active career prominently 
identitied with the merchant marine and shii)ping interests of 
the metro])olis, and was held in honor for his business ability 
and integrity, and his i)ersonai worth. He was born August 4, 
1 784, at the family mansion in Beekman street, New York City, 
a son of William and Abigail (Bowne) Kenyon. The father, son 
of William Kenyon. was a native of the city of Liver]K)ol, Eng- 

William B. Kenyon received an excellent i)ractical educa- 
tion in the schools of his native city and of Burlington, New Jer- 
sey. Cpon attaining to man's estate he engaged in the marine 
s!iii)iiing trade in New York City, which he successfully prose- 


ciited until IS:^,"). when lie removed witli liis family to Clinton, 
Oneida county, Xew York, wlieie he resided until 183fi. In tliat 
year he removed to Tari'ytown, Xew York, remaining there until 
1850, when he resumed his residence in Xew York City, and there 
passed the remaining' years of his life. As a business man he 
made for himself a liigh reputation, and liis i)ersonal life was 
such as lU'irks the ideal christian gentleman. With his family 
he was a memlier of the old Dutcli Reformed church. He died 
]\Iay 27, 18(JH. He married Letitia Ida Adriauce, born in 1788, 
daughtei- of John and ]\Iary (Sickles) Adriance, her father being 
for main yeai's a school teacher of high remite in Harlem, Xew 
York. She survived her husband about twelve years, dying Seji- 
tember 2(!, 1878. Their children were: 1. Samuel B., married 
Elizabeth C. A\'ood, of Harlem, Xew York. 2. ^lary A. 3. 
John A., who was twice mari'ied, his tirst wife being Elizabeth 
^lildebergei', and his second wife Maria (xreen, a widow. 4. Ed- 
ward, who died in childhood. 5. Edward Barnes, who went to 
California in 1849, and died there in 1876, unmarried. 6. Mar- 
gai'et K. Kenyon. 

Mrs. William B. Ivenyon was descended from the noted 
Bussing family, one cf the oldest and most honored Holland 
families in Harlem, throuah the following line of descent: Arent 
Harmans, who was one of the original ]iatentees of Harlem, took 
the name of Bussing. He was an extensive land owner, and his 
house, which stood on the site of the pi-eseat One Hundred and 
Xineteenth street, near Third avenue, was standing until recent 
years. He died in 1718, leaving among other children a sou, Pe- 
ter Bussing, who was tlie father of Aaron Bussing, who dierl in 
1784. His daughter Maiia married John S. Sickles. They were 
the ]iarents of one child, ]\Iary, who nuirried John Adriance, and 
theii- daughter. Letitia Ida, became the wife of William B. Ken- 
yon. Another daughter, Margaret Adriance, married James 


Keiiyoii, brother of \\l\\ii\ni Bowne Kenyou. She died iu 18-1-5. 
Mrs. Letitia Ida Kenycin, wife of Wiiliam Bowne Kenyon, died 
in lcS78, at the a(haii('ed age of ninety-one years. 


John H. Loos, for many years past a trnsted and honored 
employee in the courts of New York City, and at present occupy- 
ing the resiDonisble position of court clerk of the naturaliza- 
tion office, is a native of the state and was born in Rochester, 
October 30, 1847. His parents were Christopher and Elizabeth 
Theresa (Pfeifer) Loos, bo'th. of whom were residents of Roches- 
ter, New York, in 1844. Their children were: John H., to 
be further written of hereinafter; Nicholas J., of Rochester, 
New Y'ork; George, w4io is engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness in the same city; Libbie, who resides with her brother; 
Livina, wife of Andrew Costich, of Irondequoit; Christopher, 
who resides at the i^arental home in Rochester, New York. The 
mother of these children died January 25, 1875, survived by 
her husband, who iDassed away June 11, 1886. 

John H. Loos, eldest child of Christopher and Elizabeth 
Theresa (Pfeifer) Loos, received his education in the public 
schools of Rochester, New York, where he resided until 1873. 
In that year he located in New York City, where he established 
himself in the livery business, becoming widely and favorably 
known, and achieving success to a gratifying degree. A man 
of excellent business qualifications, his abilities caused his ap- 
];ointment as assistant clerk in the court of common pleas, since 
which time he has been continuously occupied with clerical duties 
ill vai'ious offices of the city courts. In 1874 he was api)ointed to 
his i)resent ])osition, that of clerk of the naturalization office, 
one of the most important departments of the imblic service. 
Through his duties he has l)ecome ac(iuainted with many of the 


priiiieipal aiien of affairs in the metropolis, ijartieulariy those 
connected with nmnicipal affairs in an official capacity, and is 
lield in liigh esteem for his efficiency as an officer and his worth 
as a man. May o, 1873, Mr. Loos was married to Miss Julia 
L. ]\reyer, born October 22, 1843, daughter of Peter and Mar- 
garet (Bussing) Meyer, of New York. 

The Bussing family, of which ^Irs. John H. Loos is a 
member, is one of the oldest Harlem families of Holland descent. 
Among the patentees of Harlem was Arent Harmans, who took 
the name of Bussing. In 1683 he became the owner of a tract of 
land upon which he built a house and barn, the site being iden- 
tifiable as in the present One Hundred and Nineteenth street, 
between Third and Fourth avenues. In this house, which was 
standing until recent years, he lived the remainder of his life, 
and here died, in 1718. He was a man of importance in the 
community, a large landholder, an officer in the church, and a 
civil magistrate. ]\Iay 24, 1673, he married Susannah Delama- 
ler. His second wife, whom he married March 31, 1678, was 
Eva Lubberts, l)y whom he had children : Peter, Harman, Dirck. 
Margaret, who became the w^fe of Lawrence Kortright, Susan- 
nah. Engeltie, Elizabeth, Geesie, John and Mary. 

Peter, eldest son of Arent and Eva (Lubberts) Bussing. 
was born in 1674. He married Rebecca Vermilyea, June 7, 
1700, and among their children was a son Aaron., born Decem- 
ber 27, 1703, who married Maria, daughter of Joliannes Meyer, 
October 21, 1730. Aaron Bussing died in 1784, leaving four 
children. Of these Abraham Bussing, the only son, was born 
December 31, 1736, and died before his father. He left two 
children: Susan, who became the wife of John Meyer; and 

Aaron Bussing married Jane, daughter of Samuel Benson 
(a representative of another ancient family), August 18, 179L 


He died May 22, 1835, leaving tliree eliildreu: Margaret, wife 
of Peter Meyer; Rebecca, wife of Nathaniel Jarvis; and 
Abraham Barker Bussing. Of this family, Margaret was born 
^[areli 18, 1826, and died April 25, 1886. She became the wife 
of Peter Meyer, and to them were born three children: Julia, 
who married John H. Loos, Aaron and John J. Meyer. Mrs. 
John H. Loos is thus seen to l)e of the seventh generation from 
Areiit Ilarmans. the immigrant ancestor of the Bussing family. 


This family, liaving so many branches and so extensively 
known, is descended from Rev. Everardus Bogardus, the minis- 
ter of the Dutch Reformed church in Xew Amsterdam, who 
came from Holland in 1633 with Governor Wouter Van Twiller. 
The church in which he preached stood at what is now No. 33 
Pearl street, and his residence was at No. 23 Whitehall street. 
He married the widow of Roelotf Jansen, the famous Anneke 
Jans, and had children: Jonas, Willem, Cornelis and Peter. 

Cornells Bogardus had a son and grandson of the name of 
Cornelis, and the latter was the father of Louis Bogardus, see 
forward. This branch of the family was the one most deeply in- 
terested in the well known contest l)etween the heirs of Annake 
Jans and Trinity Church. 

Louis Bogardus was for some time a resident of Berkshire 
county, ^lassaclmsetts, where he died about the year 1813. He 
was a farmer liy oceuiiation. By his miion in marriage he had a 
family of two sons and one daughter. 1. Robert L., see for- 
wai-d. 2. Louis, who ]-esided at Castleton, Columbia county, 
N^ew York. 3. Hannah, married Harlow Fenn, of Massachu- 
setts, and came to Rossville, l)orough of Richmond, 1857, and 
died liei-e about 1868. She had of this marriage born to her two 
children: Louis and Jeimie Fenn. 







Robert L. Bogardus, liorn September 9, 1798, died ^lay 28, 
1840. He was reared and educated in Berkshire county, Massa- 
chusetts where he also was engaged in tilling tlie soil for a num- 
ber of years. He removed witli his family to Troy, Xew York, 
wliere lie died about the year 184U, and his remains were in- 
terred in Mount Ida Cemetery, Troy, New York. He married 
Jeuet E. Stoddard, born April 17, 1802, died December oO, 1S29. 
a member of an old Xew England family, and a daughter of 
Samuel Stoddard, and of this union had born to him four sans 
and one daughter, as follows: 1. William Henry, born May <i, 
1820, died August 26, 1878; married and had sons and daughters. 
2. Elizabeth B., born November 21, 1821, died October 26, 1861; 
married .Varon Anthony, of Troy, Xew I'ork. 3. Charles, see 
f(u-ward. -1. i^erry, l)orn October 21, 1825, died March 30, 1897; 
married and settled in Troy, X^ew York, and had two children: 
Oscar and Elizabeth Bogardus. 5. Harlow, born October 22, 
1827, fought his way to the City of ^Mexico with General Scott; 
he was ii\ tlie Tnion army in the rebellion and was wounded. 
The mother of tlie afoiementioned children, Elizabeth (Stod- 
dard) Bogardus, died in 1827-28. Ann (Olds) Bogardus, second 
wife of K()))ert L. Bogardus, died June 11, 1840. Their children : 
Abigail P.. (Bogardus) ^Vil(lc]•, born June 25, 1833; Sally Ann 
Bogardus. born September 21, 1837. 

Charles Bogardus, lioi'n September 17, 182:5, received little 
educational advantages with wliich to liegin life, having been left 
an or])lian at the early age of live years and dependent upon 
strangers, and while yet quite young was compelled to deinnid 
upon his own etTorts for means of livelihood. At the age of seven- 
teen he began to learn the trade of iron moulding at Troy. Xew 
York, and after serving his apprenticeship faithfully liis empiity- 
ers, Messrs. X'^athaniel Starbuck cV* Sons, presented him with ^50 
as a token of reward for his fidelity to duty. Mr. Bogardus, u[)on 


('om])lotin.a' liis trade, tonk uji his profession as journeyman, 
|!ursiiin<i- the same at \'aii<iiis places until 1856, when lie came 
t(i his ])reseiit h(ime at l\(>ssvilk'. Here he engaged in the mer- 
cantiU' l)usiness. in wliieh line of enter]irise he met with im- 
mediate snceess, and in 1860 he engaged in the manufacture of 
ice cream for tlie wliolesale trade in connection with his mercan- 
tile interests, and successfully continued in both lines of enter- 
]iris(' up until 1900. During his many years of residence at Koss- 
\'ille. ^Ir. Bogardus has not only been a useful and good citizen, 
but has taken an active interest in the local affairs, public as 
well as social. He is an active member of the Woodrow Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church; after serving as one of the stewards 
for a number of years, in 1872 he was elected a member of the 
board of trustees, and has been ])resident of the board for a 
])eriod of about thirty-five years. 

^{v. Bogardus married, January 10, 1849, Jane Androvette 
(ruyon. l)orn December 31, 1827, daughter of Cornelius and Ger- 
trude (Mersei'eau) (iuyon, and he had born to him one son, 
Charles Bogardus, October 26, 1849. The mother, Jane Andro- 
vette (Guyon) Bogardus, died February 10, 1900. She was a 
most estimable lady and possessed many excellent characteris- 
tics. Like her husband she was for many years a consistent 
member of the ^lethodist Episcopal church at Woodrow. Dur- 
ing the active years of hei" life she devoted much of her time to 
chui'ch and charitable work, her home liaving been the recog- 
nized sto]'pini; i)lace for missionaries and clergymen at all times. 

( hai'les Bogardus, Jr., only son of Charles and Jane An- 
droxctte (Guyon) Bogardns. was born at Troy, New York, Octo- 
liei- 2(). 1849. He received his educational advantages in the 
schools of Rossville, borough of Kichmond, and at the age of 
seventeen entered the collegiate institute at Fort Edward, New 
York, where he pursued his studies for a period of three years. 


Upon his return home he became associated with liis father in 
the mercantile and manufacturing business under the name of 
C. Bogardus and Son. In 1876 Mr. Bogardus, Jr., with his 
father, engaged in the undertaking business in addition to other 
interests, and has continued in the latter up until the present 
period. Not unlike his venerable father, he has taken an active 
interest in local affairs and in every way has proven himself a 
worthy scion of a worthy sire. He is a member of Woodi'ow 
Methodist Episcopal Church and has been treasurer of the board 
of trustees for a period of nearly twenty years. 

Charles Bogardus, Jr., married, December 14, 1870, Julia 
Frances Leavitt, born May 12, 1853, in New York City, daughter 
of Captain Aaron and Mary Jane (S]iafford) Leavitt. Of this 
marriage have been born the following children: 1. Augustus 
I;eavitt. born September 20, 1871, deceased. 2. Fannie Spaf- 
ford, born July 14. 1873, married Eobert N. Dixon, no issue. 
They have an adopted daughter, Maud Alice Dixon. 3. William 
Thoniton, born IMay 9, 1880, married, July 23, 1900, Abigail De 
Waters, born June 26, 1881. Tlieir children : Fanny Spafford, 
born July 11, 1901, died February 3, 1906, and William Thornton, 
Jr., born June 1, 1906. 


This family in England dates back to a remote antiquity. 
Its name belongs to one of the most important cities, and Ely 
Cathedral is one of the finest and most famous specimens of 
Gotliic architecture to be found in any land. The arms of this 
family, which were borne as far back as the sixteenth century, 
are: Argent, a fesse engrailed between six fleur de lis. or. 
Crest, an arm erect, vested argent, hand proper, holding a 
fleur de lis sable. Motto, Sciejifia Lihcrtas ef ]^irfi(S. 

The ancestor of the American branch of this familv was 


Eicliard Ely, who was born at Plymouth, Devonshire, England, 
and came here between 1660 and 1663. He first settled in 
Boston and later removed to Lyme, Connecticut, and with this 
jilace his name has been identified and he and many of his de- 
scendants found their resting place in honored sei)ulchres. His 
first wife, Joane, died in England, January 7, 1660. She is be- 
lieved to have lieen a sister of John Phipps, Baron Mulgrave, 
the famous navigator. By this marriage he had children : Will- 
iam, Joseph, Richard and Daniel. His second wife was Eliz- 
abeth, widow of Cajitain John Cullich, and by this marriage he 
had one son, Samuel. Richard Ely was during his entire life, 
one of the most prominent of the early settlers of Connecticut. 
His estate was a tract of 3,000 acres, and he and his sons were 
the owners of 4,000 acres. His son William went to the West 
Indies, and on a voyage to New England he nearly perished 
from shipwreck, and prayers and thanksgiving were rendered 
to Providence by this truly pious family for his safe return. 
After a useful life, Richard Ely died at Lyme, November 24, 
1684. His wife died November 12, 1683, and an elegent monu- 
ment, erected by his descendants, not only perpetuates their 
memory, but shows their appreciation of their many virtues. 

William Ely, the eldest son, went first to the West Indies, 
but afterward joined his father at Lyme. He was baptized Octo- 
ber, 1647, and died February 23, 1717. He married Elizabeth 
Smith, May 12, 1681. She died Octolier 10, 1750, at the age of 
eighty-nine. He was Judge of the Court, and, like his father, was 
during his life a man of importance and influence. He was the 
father of ten children, of which Richard was the third. 

Captain Richard Ely, the third son, was bom at Lyme, in 
1690, died in 1767 and was buried at East Hartford. He was 
captain of militia, and a man of gi'eat usefulness and influence. 
He married Ruhama Thompson, in 1714. His second wife was 


Margaret Olcott, married in 1730. He was the father of thir- 
teen children, of whom the oldest was William Ely. 

Captain William Ely was born at Lyme, October, 1715, 
died April 3, 1802. In 1737 he married Elizabeth Perkins, of 
Ipswich, Massachnsetts. She was born December 30, 1715, died 
May 27, 1782. He was a captain in the Third Connecticut Regi- 
ment in the French war. All the preceding generations lived 
and died at Lyme, but in 1756 Captain William Ely removed 
to Livingston, Xew Jersey, which has been the home of many 
of his descendants. Captain William Ely and Elizabeth 
Perkins were the parents of ten children. One died in infancy, 
the others were : William, Elizabeth, who died yoimg, Abraham, 
Elizabeth, born 171:5, Lois, Lucy, Joseph, Benjamin and Moses. 

Moses Ely (the fourth generation) was born at Livingston, 
New Jersey, on Orange Mountain, November 18, 1756. died July 
]4, 1838. He married, January 3, 1782, Rebecca Cook, a de- 
scendant of Ellis Cook, who was among the early settlers of 
Southampton, Long Island, and daughter of Stephen and Re- 
becca (Smith) Cook. Their children were: 1. Elizabeth, bom 
August 28, 1783, married (first) George Ring; (second) Rev. 
John Watson. 2. Abraham Halsey, born May 18, 1787, married 
Emma Samo, 1816, and died June 6, 184-9. 3. Closes, Jr., born 
February 21, 1790, married Eliza Coleman, 1813, and died Sep- 
tember 14, 1842. 4. Benjamin, bom December 3, 1792, married 
(first) Eliza Bell, 1822; (second) Martha W. Higgins, uee Allen, 
1837. He died Fel)ruary 19, 1860. 5. Epaphras Cook. 6. Sarah, 
born November 24, 1797, married, 1816, Abraham Halsey, a de- 
scendant of Thomas Halsey, one of the original settlers of South- 
ampton, Long Island. She died January, 1881. 7. Smith, boi'n 
:\ray 22. 1800. 8. John, born February 20, 1803, died January 
31, 1894. 9. Anna Maria, born April 8, 1805, married Joseph 
Kitchell, 1826. died November 9, 1875. 


Moses Ely took an active part in the war of the Revolution, 
and was in charge of wagons and supply train. He was a mem- 
ber of Captain Elijah Squire's Company, of West Livingston. 
After the Revolution, he removed to New York and purchased 
a place in Duane street, a little east of College Place. He after- 
wards returned to his farm at Livingston and died there. 

Epaphras Cook Ely, was born on Lombard street (now 
Trinity place). New York, April 15, 1795. His father at that 
time had a contract in relation to building Trinity church, and 
therefore resided in a house nearby. He inherited a large part 
of the family estate at Livingston, and this still remains in pos- 
session of his family. When a boy he engaged in the tanning 
business with his brother Moses in Orange and Ulster counties, 
New York. During the War of 1812 he served in his brother's 
stead as a member of Captain Benjamin Horton's company, in 
the regiment commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Michael Smith. 
After the war he engaged in the tanning business at Esopus, 
New York. In October, 1825, he removed to New York City, and 
resided on Stone sti-eet, between William and Broad streets. 
He afterward lived on Duane street, between Church and Chapel 
streets (now West Broadway). He was extensively engaged 
with Moses Ring in the hide and leather business on Ferry 
street. He died in 1864, and was buried by the side of his wife 
in the Ely cemetery at Livingston, New Jersey. He was a mem- 
ber and attendant of the Seventh Presbyterian Church, but later 
was connected with the Fourteenth Street Presbyterian Church. 
and afterwards with the church on Madison Square, now Dr. 

Mr. Ely married Julia Ann, daughter of Ambrose and Eliza- 
beth (Mulford) Kitchell. She was born in 1800 and died March, 
1864, at her residence. No. 132 West Twenty-third street. 
Their children were: Ambrose K., see forward; Smith, see 


forward; William Henry, born May 14, 1829, married, August 
30, 1864, Maria Josephine Eogers; Edwin Augustus, born Au- 
gust 15, 1836; Maria Louise, born June 2, 1846, married, Octo- 
ber 14, 1868, George Burritt Vauderpool. 

Ambrose Kitcliell Ely was born at Livingston, Essex county, 
New Jersey, on the Ely homestead farm, January 31, 1823, died 
February 6, 1907. While still a lad his father gave him a i)osi- 
tion in his hide and leather stoi'e in Ferry street, New York, 
where he was trained to the business, and after a few years' 
familiarity w^ith it accepted a position with Lapham, Corse & 
Co., ]8 Ferry street, one of the most jn'ominent houses in the 
trade, with whom and their successors, Tliorne, Watson & Co., 
he remained some fourteen years, having in the meantime been 
admitted as a partner in the firm, and in 1857 withdrew to con- 
duct the same line of business on his own account, which he con- 
tinued to do until 1880, when he relinquished mercantile busi- 
ness, and from that time up to liis decease confined himself to 
the care (>f his real estate and other interests. 

]Ton. Smith Ely, a most distinguished citizen of New York, 
was born at Kanover, Morris comity. New Jersey, at the house 
of his grandfather, Ambrose Kitcliell, A])ril 17, 1825. He was 
educated for tlie legal }irofession, studying in the oifice of Fred- 
erick De Peyster, a noted lawyer in his day. Mr. Ely graduated 
from the University Law School, and was admitted to the bar 
in 1846, but he never practiced, finding commercial pursuits more 
congenial to his tastes. In the hide and leather trade he built 
up a ver\' extensive business. Being an active supporter of the 
Democratic party in politics, he was elected school trustee in 
1856, member of board of supervisors from 1860 to 1870, at 
which time the oifice was abolished, in 1858-59 served in the 
state senate from the fifth New York district, liaving been 
elected by the Democratic party, and in 1873-4 lie was commis- 


sioner of public* instruction. His well earned reputation caused 
him to be elected member of Congress, served two terms, and 
was chairman of the committee on expenditures of the Treasury 
Department, a jiosition of great importance. In ]87(i he was 
elected Mayor of New York by a majority of 56,000, his com- 
petitor being General Jolm A. Dix, of honored memory. "W^iile 
mayor he was distinguished for his efforts for wise and strict 
economy, and during his term the debt of the city was greatly 
reduced. In J 895 lie was ap|)ointed by Mayor Strong conmiis- 
sioner of public parks. 


Few towns in England have a more interesting history or 
one that goes back to a more distant anti(piity than Great Yar- 
mouth, situated at the mouth of the river Yare, whicli divides 
the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk. AVlien the Romans in- 
vaded Britain, forty-five years before the Christian era, the 
site of the town was a sand bank formed at the entrance of a 
large estuary which flowed up to the city of Norwich, then a 
stronghold of the Britons. 

Like all other walled towns of that ancient period. Iho 
streets, which were locally called Rows, were very narrow, as 
was necessary in order to find a place for the population within 
the walls. The inhabitants in the days of Charles I. were 
prompt to resist the encroachments of the Crown upon the 
rights of the people, and were among the strongest su^iporters 
of the Parliament and Cromwell. In the seventeenth and eight- 
eenth centuries there flourished in the town of Great Yarmouth 
a family named Hurry. The family was ancient, for in the par- 
ish register of 1580 it is recorded that William Hurry married 
Agnes Green. In 1596 Richard Hurry married, in the i)arish 
church, Ann Prymrose; he was for many years a member of 

(:^^*^:^^^^^^p^ ^^'^^^^:^ ,/^t^^ 



the Corporation. In 1597 ani)tliei- of the same name married 
Elizabeth Smyth, and 1699 Anne Hurry married Robert Stew- 
ard. The Hnrrys were Vice Consuls at Great Yarmouth for 
Prussia and the other foreign itowers. and jiossessed and ex- 
erted a controlling- influence for many years, finally became ex- 
tinct at Great Yarmouth in 1843. 

The arms of the ancient family are argent, in chief a lion 

rampant gules, and in base two mullets voided, azure. Crest a 
hari^y, wings ex})anded. MotcO. "Nee Arrogo nee duhito," the 
original motto, and which is still clainu'd, l)eing "Sans Taehe." 
Many members of the Hurry family were l)uried in the chancel 
of the parish church at St. Nicholas. Great Yarmouth, down to 
the last century, and this edifice is remarkable as being the 
largest ])arish churcli in England, while in antiquity it goes 
back to 1119, having been commenced with the Xorman style 
of architecture, but being greativ enlarged from time to time. 


The American branch of this family is descended from 
Samuel Hurry, who was the third child of John and Alice 
(Cross) Hurry, born 1747, at (Jreat Yarmouth, and was born 
at Bold street. Liverpool. November 24, 1778. John Hurry, 
father of the above John Hurry, was the third son of Thomas 
and Elizabeth (Clifton) Hurry, and was born at Great Yar- 
mouth, May 8, 1724, married, April 14, 174G, Sarah Winn. This 
Thomas Hurry, father of the al)ove John Hurry, was l)orn in 
1694, and died while sojourning at the Adel])hi Hotel in London, 
in 1780. He married Elizabeth Clifton, daughter of Gabriel 
Clifton and Elizal)eth, his wife, daughter of John Ives, of Great 
Yarmouth; he was the only son of Thomas Hurry, who was 
made a freeman of Great Yarmouth in 1701, and was a free- 
holder of the county. The Hurry family owned no less than 
ten estates in the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk. 

At a very early age Samuel Hurry, the founder of the 
American branch of the family, evinced a great desire to be- 
come a resident in the Enited States, and in the spring of 1795, 
when but seventeen years of age, notwithstanding the opposi- 
tion of his family, he sailed in one of his father's ships for 
Philadelphia, where he arrived June 9th. The family were 
never fully reconciled to this step, but when his father became 
aware of the son's unalterable intentions to remain in the Enit- 
ed States, he placed him in the mercantile house of Michlin & 
Griffith, with an entrance fee of one thousand dollars. To their 
regret he remained Avith them but a short time, having dis- 
played business qualitications of a high order. By his ability 
and perseverance he soon controlled a large European connec- 
tion. October 1, 1798, he married Eliza Ann, the eldest daugh- 
ter of William Whiteside, of Philadelphia, who with his brother, 
Peter Whiteside, and Robert Morris, were jointly the originat- 
ors of the American East Indian trade direct with the Eastern 

John Hurry, Esq. 


Hemisphere by the up-to-then imattempted southern passage. 
This new route to China led to a correspondence between the 
British and American government, on account of the import- 
ance attached to so unex]:)ected a venture. This connection gave 
Samuel Hurry a firm position in the United States, and these 
advantages, combined with his natural business talent, made 
his success extremely rapid, and he soon took rank among the 
first American merchants and shipowners of his day. He met, 
liowever, with severe losses. One of his ships was confiscated 
by Napoleon while attempting to run the blockade of Co]^en- 
hagen, but which was done against the orders of Mr. Hurry. 
Another, the "John and Alice" (the largest shij) up to that 
time launched in Pliiladel])hia), was seized with a cargo of flour 
while lying in the port of Philadelphia, under a decision of the 
American government that Samuel Hurry was a British sub- 
ject. The ship "Antelope" and cargo at the same time was con- 
fiscated by the British government, Mr. Hurry being an Ameri- 
can merchant. Samuel Hurry was apjiointed and acted with 
great credit as agent between the ITnited States and the British 
shipowners in the adjustment of claims for losses in the war of 
1812, his reputation and extensive experience rendering him 
l)eculiarly fitted for that office. Samuel Hurry was made an 
honorai'y meml)er of Saint George's Society; but few in the 
society's history in the United States having been so honored. 

Some years prior to his death, his health became seriously 
imi)aired by falling into tlie water when boarding a slii]) in 
New York harbor, and he took sea voyages to Europe and the 
West Indies. In the latter part of 1819 he sailed for Clreat 
Britain, accompanied by his eldest son. Landing in Ireland 
they passed through that comitry and arrived at Liverpool, 
but his health and strength failed so ra^ndly that he had scarce- 
ly reached the home of his boyhood when his death occurred, 


January 31, 18l'0. He was buried in the family vault at New- 
ington Chapel. In 1825 his family removed permanently to 
New York, where they have since resided, and with which they 
have become thoroughly identified. 

No sketch of the life of Samuel Hurry would be complete 
without a special mention of his wife, }klrs. Eliza Ann (White- 
side) Hurry, a woman of great force of character, and who 
was a meml)er of the family of Whiteside, of Poulton le Fylde, 
in Lancashire, England, where the family had long been in a 
position of influence. Dn one occasion they had the honor of 
receiving his majesty King George III. at their seat in Poulton, 
and the silver tankard upon which was the family crest and 
used by His Majesty at that time came as an heirloom into Mrs. 
Hurry's i^ossession. On her maternal side Mrs. Hurry was de- 
scended from Dr. John Bamber, whose epitaph in Barking 
Church. Essex, states that "he practiced medicine with great 
credit and honor for many years." He was one of the physi- 
cians to Queen Anne, and was the lord of three manors in Es- 
sex, with a town mansion at Mincing Lane. The present and 
late Marquis of Salisbury are also in direct descent from Dr. 
Bamber. "The Bamber Estate" of ten thousand four hundred 
acres below Lakewood, New Jersey, and which has been held by 
the late AVilliam Hurry and his heirs for nearly fifty years, is 
so named after Dr. Bamber. 

Mrs. Hurry was born in London, "within sound of Bow 
Bells," and was ))ut two years old when her i)arents left Eng- 
land and settled in Philadelphia. She was an excellent French 
scholar, and spoke that language with ease. She was taught, 
as was her sister, Mrs. Robert Clinton, to i)lay on the piano. 
This piano was brought over as part of the household effects 
of Mr. William Whiteside, in 1783, and was claimed to be the 
first piano brought to the United States. Mrs. Hurry was hand- 


some and dignified in person, and was very prominent in society 
in Pliiladelpliia. As a yonng girl she was present at tlie last 
ball given by Washington, and danced with the President, slie 
being a great favorite of his. She died in New York, Angnst 8, 
1860, at the age of seventy-nine, surrounded by her children, 
and retaining to the last the noble traits of character for which 
she had been so conspicuous. The seven eldest children of Sam- 
uel and Eliza Anne Hurry were born in Philadelphia. 

Mr. Hurry's town residence was opposite Independence 
Hall, on part of the site of the jjresent Drexel building, his be- 
ing one of the five residences known as Nobility Row l)y old 
Philadelphians, each residence having a coach house in the 
rear of its garden. His country seat was situated a few miles 
out of Philadelpliia. 

The children of Samuel and Eliza Anne Hurry were : 

1. John, born June 27, 1799, died without issue in 1825. 

2. Alice, born July 29, 1800, married Andrew Bishop 
Spence, at St. Andrew's Square, Philadelphia, February 27, 
1823; children: Mary M., Andrew, Alice, and Helen. 

3. Samuel, born August 28, 1801, was lost at sea, died with- 
out issue. 

1:. Eliza Anne, born March 21, 1803, married Thomas True- 
man Hogg, of New Jersey; children: Augustus, acting captain 
U. S. A., killed at Fort Fisher; Trueman; Samuel Hurry; Ed- 
mund; Eliza Anne; Alice Mary. 

5. William (Whiteside), born April 2, 1805, married Octo- 
ber 10, 1827, Adeline, daughter of Samuel Hinman; children: 
1. William Hurry, Jr., born Octo1)er 1, 1828, at New York; 
married November 18, 1853, Dephme. daughter of Temple Fay, 
of Boston; only child, Edward Temple Hurry, born at New 
York, November 18, 1854. He married. Sejttember 5, 1888. 
Catharine Cliurchill Campbell, of Nova Scotia, daughter of 


Captain Arthur Wellingtou Cami^bell ; liis wife was a daughter 
of Hon. Ezra Churchill, M. P., of Windsor, of the family of the 
Dukes of Marlborough; no issue. 2. x\nu Eliza, married Gavin 
Brackenridge. 3. Sarah, married William Henry Boss. 4. 
Caroline. 5. Adeline, married Francis Holland Nicol Whiting. 
6. ^Margaret, married Francis Holland Nicol W^hiting. 7. Jane, 
married William Floyd Livermore. 8. Samuel, died in infancy. 
9. Alice, married Samuel Colt Selden. 10. Frances. 

6. Edmund (Cobb), born September 17, 1807, see for- 

7. Caroline, l)oru April 10, 1810, died unmarried. 

8. [Margaret, born August 16, 1813, married (first) Ven- 
tura ()bregon, consul from Mexico at New York and brother of 
the then Mexican Minister to the United States; (second) Fran- 
cis Emanuel Siffken; no issue by either marriage. 

9. James, born in New York, January 27, 1815, married 
August 30, 1849, Emily, daughter of William Goelet Bucknor. 
Her mother was a granddaughter of General Von Bulow, of 
South Carolina ; children : Emily Bucknor, died unmarried ; 
William Goelet Bucknor, died in infancy; Gilford, born August 
2, 1853, lieutenant-colonel N. G. S. of N. Y.; Adelaide Bulow, 
married George Henry Kent. 

10. Sarah, born March 23, 1818. died young. 

Of this family, two of the sons. AVilliam and Edmund, were 
both architects, distinguished in their profession, and by their 
ability contributed largely to the improvement and advance- 
ment of the city. James, the third son, was for many years a 
partner in the firm of Hurry & Swan, merchants of South street, 
New York. 

Edmund (Cobb) Hurry, the sixth child of Samuel and Eliza 
Ann Hurry, was married at St. Peter's Church, New York (of 
which he was vestryman, as was his father-in-law, Judge Flana- 

Edmund Hurry. 


gau), by Kev. Hugh Smith, D. D., April 25, 1838, to Elizal)eth 
Maria, second daughter of James Flanagan, Esq., counsellor at 
law, and a justice of the peace of New York, and Elizabeth 
Myers ]\IeKeau, his wife, only daughter of David McKean, to 
whose memory is a tablet in St. I^aul's Church, Xew York city, 
a sou of Kobert ifcKean, laird of the parish of Kilmarnock. 
James Flanagan was the eldest son of Christopher Flanagan, 
of Dul)liu, who finally settled in Xew York in 1786. He was a 
man of literary ability and well known for his oratorical powers 
both iu Dublin and Xew York. Christopher Flanagan, when a 
youug nuiu, acted as captaiu's clerk, and it is said also as purs- 
er on one of our war vessels during the War of Independence, 
receiving a (juarter grant of land for his services. The children 
of Edmund (Cobli) Hurry and Elizaljeth ]^[aria Hurry were 
Edmund Alxly; Sophia Flanagan, l)orn February 8, 1842, mar- 
ried (first) Samuel Henry Shreve, M. A., LL. B., April 16, 1868; 
Randolph, Itorn in Xew York, October 18, 1854, married. May 
17, 1883, at Trinity Chapel, Xew York, liy the Rev. AVilliam 
Xairn, ^Nlarye Agnes Condit; children: Elizabeth ^laria and 
Dorothy Whiteside. 

Edmund Alxly Hurry. ^I. A., LL. B., V. S. X., was born in 
Xew York, August 8, 183^). He was married. Xovember 17. 1868, 
by Rev. J. Cotton Smith, D. D., at the Church of the Ascension, 
New York, to Emily Asliton, eldest daughter of William Rhine- 
lander Renwick and Eliza Smeeds Cros1)y, his wife. Their 
children are: two sons (see forward); P^dith Renwick, l)orn 
January 15. 1870; Bessie Crosby, born ^larch 13, 187L died iu 
infancy; Llelen Schuyler. 1iorn September 28, 1872. nuirried 
William V. Draper; issue, John Haggerty Drai»er; Mary Cros- 
])y, married Walton Chesel)orough Peckham; issue May Hurry 
Peckham; Emily Ashton. married Louis Gross Smith; issue, 
Crosbv Tuttle Smith. 


Mr. Hnrry derived liis second l)nptisinal name from his 
father's intimate friend, Edward Stmt Abdy, Esq., descended 
from Sir Kobert Al)dy, of an ancient Yorkshire family, who 
was created Baronet in 1660. When tlie Sonthern States at- 
tempted to secede from the Union in 1861, ^fr. Hnrry, who had 
just been admitted to practice at the New York bai', was ap- 
I)ointed captain's clei'k to his nncle by marriage, C'ai)tain (after- 
wards Commodore) Homer C. Bhike, V. S. X., then command- 
ing the United States steamer ''Entaw, " and held that position 
for more than a year, when lie was comi)elled to relinquish it 
in consequence of illness incurred in the line of duty. As the 
representative of t^aptain Blake he was present at the recep- 
tion, memorable in the history of the country, given by Presi- 
dent Lincoln to the officers of the IJussian fleet. At this recep- 
tion only the diplomatic corps, the cabinet, and commanding offi- 
cers of the army and navy then in the district of Colum])ia wer' 
invited. Mr. Hurry had the great satisfaction and pleasure of 
conversing with President Lincoln on that occasion. "While 
Mr. Hurry was on board the "Eutaw" that vessel was engaged 
in the important duty of protecting the supplies for the North- 
ern army at Bermuda Hundred, James River, Virginia, and 
was in the engagement of Chapin's Bluff; in blockading otT 
Fort Fisher, and in preventing the enemy's ram "Albemarle" 
descending the Neuse river ui)on the city of Newberne, Mr. 
Hurry having performed picket duty on the Neuse river above 
that city. His micle. Captain Blake, was commander of the 
L^nited States steamer "Hatteras" when she encountered and 
was simk by the "Alabama" in a yard-arm fight in the Gulf 
of Mexico, and C^ajitain Blake's bravei-y on that occasion was 
looked upon by his counti'ymen as unsurpassed. 

There are few families in New York who have a more dis- 
tinguished connection than the Hurrvs. Among other families 


they are desceuded from are the Cliftous, Ives, A\'atts, Bracey, 
AViim,, Coopers (of the family of Sir Ashley), and related 
by blood to the Alaurices, Hares of Hurtmoneeanx, Churchills, 
C'liutons, Fenwieks, from whom Ambassador Waddingtou was 
desceuded, who represented France at the Court of Saiut James, 
Pagets, Hershalls. I^lilmaus, Aldersou, Erskiue, preseut Earl of 
Alarr, Cecils, Huxleys, O'Couuels, and Sumuers (of whom the 
Archbishop Sumuer, who placed the crown ui)on the head of 
Queen Victoria). The j)resent Lord Salisbury is related by 
blood also to the Hurry family of New York, through his grand- 
father, the late Baron Aldersou. His father, Edmund Hurry, 
was the consulting architect of the Xew York Crystal Palace, 
and his sister, Sophia F., married for her second husband, Alex- 
ander Macomb Mason, a grandson of General Alexander Ma- 
comb; she had no issue by either marriage. Alexander Macomb 
Mason was secretary to his uncle, Hon. James Mason, who was 
with Slidell in the famous "Trent" affair. After the war he with 
other officers entered the service of the Egyptian government, 
and was for some years the senior Bey of Egypt. Mr. Hurry's 
wife, Mrs. Emily (Aslitou) Hurry, is a great-granddaughter of 
Mrs. William Renwick, who, as Jennie Jeffrey, daughter of the 
Rev. Dr. Andrew Jeft'rey, of Lockmaben, was the "Blue Eyed 
Lassie" iunnortalized in the poems of Robert Burns. Mrs. 
LIurry is also a great-great-granddaughter of William Floyd, 
one of the two signers of the Declaration of Independence for 
the state of Xew York, whose daughter Catharine married Rev. 
Samuel Clarkson, M. D., D. D., whose daughter Harriet married 
William Bedlow Crosby, whose daughter Eliza S. married Will- 
iam Rhinelander Renwick, the father of Mrs. Hurry. Mrs. 
Hurry is in descent also from the Rutgers, Bedlow, dePeyster, 
Rhinelander. and Roliert families. 

Renwick Clifton Hurry, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Ed- 


mund Abdy Hurry, was born in New York, September 7, 1874, 
is a member of the Delta Phi fraternity and club, and a veteran 
of Comi^any K, Seventh Eegiment; married at Trinity Church, 
Saugerties, New York, May 18, 1904, Lucy Washington Morss, 
only daughter of Foster B. Morss and his wife, Lucy Madison 
Packett, of Albany. Their son, Kenwick Washington Hurry, 
born at Eye, AVestchester county, New York, August 27, 1905, 
is the fifth in line of descent from Samuel Washington, who 
inherited Mount Vernon, full brother of General George Wash- 
ington, and is also the great-great-granduephew of Dolly Madi- 

Eutgers Ives Hurry, born at New York, November 17, 1883, 
married, at Saint James' Church, New York, April 30, 1907, 
Aline Virginia Kent, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Blake 
Kent, of New York, Mr. Kent being of the Maryland Kents. 

The residence of Mr. Hurry abounds in relics of past and 
honored generations, and among them is a fine portrait in oil 
of General Wolfe, a relative of the Hurry family, also a por- 
trait of DeWitt Clinton, by Inman, and which he inherited from 
his mother, and she from her father, being the only profile por- 
trait of the great governor. 

The late Dr. Atkins, a distant cousin of the Hurrys through 
the Wolfe family, and who was in the employ of the Panama 
Canal Company, had a pedigree embracing the entire family of 
Hurry, of which the Great Yarmouth family of Hurry were the 
principal members for the last two hundred years (which he 
referred to as a splendid connection), and which he saved with 
other papers in an iron box by dragging it into the street during 
the fire at Colon. Isaac John Greenwood, Esq., of New York, 
has also collated a jiedigree from Eagman's Eoll, etc., of the 
Hurry descent from the Lords Eure, afterAvards Barons Pit- 
ficliy. Lords of the Marches in Scotland. "One of them. Gen- 


eral Sir Jolm Hurry, was cavalry general of the Cromwellian 
period ; a man of marked ability as a general of horse, and who 
had been trained in the wars of the low Countries." He went 
to those wars from England with "a magnificent retinue." 

Mr. Edmund Abdy Hurry is a prominent member of the 
Union League, University and Church Clubs of New York. He 
is also connected with the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a life 
member of the Genealogical and Biographical Society, in which 
he has an active interest, and was formerly secretary and trus- 
tee. He is also a life member of St. Nicholas Society, the Ameri- 
can Geographical Society and a member of St. George's Society. 

During the trying times of 1862 ]\[r. Hurry was volunteer 
night nurse to our wounded and sick soldiers at the hospital on 
Lexington avenue and Forty-ninth street, and also at Bellevue 
Hospital. His colleague, Augustus King, son of President 
Charles King, of Columbia College, perished in the line of 
duty. Mr. Hurry has had the rare distinction of Ijeing present 
by invitation of Black Rod on the floor of the House of Lords, 
upon which occasion he listened to the speech of his relative, 
the late Lord Salisbury, then Prime Minister. 

Mr. Hurry's city residence is Xo. 122 East Thirty-ninth 
street. His country seat is ''Clifton" Barclay Heights, Sauger- 
ties on the Hudson, New York. 


In the year 1692, if any one had asked the Governor of the 
Province or the Mayor of the City or the Judge of the Su}u-eme 
Court: Is there a Quaker Meeting House in New York? the 
answer would be prom])tly made, "None tliat we know of. 
Quakers as a body cannot hold real estate. A Quaker Meeting 
House would be contrary to law. But there is a ]irivate dwelling 
house on Green Lane owned bv Edward Burling, and there the 


peo2)le who call themselves Friends, but whom we call (^)iiakers, 
hold meetings on what they call 'tirst day,' hut of course there 
is no Ci)uake]- .Meeting- House." 

The same answer would have l)een given if they had been 
asked, "Is there a Jewish Synagogue in New York?" There 
was none that had a legal existence, l)ut it was pretty well known 
that on "Mill Street" tliere was a dwelling house owned by Mr. 
John Harperdick, but leased by certain Jews who used it as a 
synagogue, and was known to every one in the city by that name. 
As late as the time when the Methodist Society was organized, 
the (juestion arose as to how they could own and establish a 
church. "Put a fireplace and a chimney in your building," said 
the liberal guardians of the law, "and then it will l)e a dwelling 
house, and not a church." Such was the condition of things at 
that time. Jews, (Quakers and Methodists all had a well known 
actual existence, but in the eye of the law they did not exist 
at all. 

Among the Quakers in New York at that early day no one 
is more prominent than Edward Burling. He and his wife Grace 
came from England about 1678. They were the parents of 
seven children, three of whom were born in England, and four 
in America, the following being their names and dates of birth: 
Edward, born 4th day of 9th month, 1674; Grace, 29th of 8th, 
1676; William, 26th of 10th, 1678; Rebekah, ... of 6th, 1681; 
Jane, 17th of 5tli, 1684, married James Mott, 1717; Sarah, 12th 
of 3rd, 1687, married John Way. 1716; Benjamin, 6th of 12th, 
1689-90, died 21st of 10th, 1707. 

It must be rememliered that at that time the year began 
on the 25tli day of March, and that month was called "the first 
month." February was the twelfth month. This is called "Old 
Style," and continued till 1753. 

Edward Burling, the first settler, and ancestor of this fam- 


ily, died in tlu^ (Itli iiKnitli, 1(>!I7. I lis widow, (Jrace IJurliiig, sur- 
vived liim many vcais. 

Edward I)urlini>-, the second, horn 4tli day of Htli niontli, 
1()74 ( Xoveniber 4, 1()74), died in New \'ork in ."Ird month (May, 
1749). lie married Phehe, dau.i'liter of doim Ferris of East 
Cliestei-, nth day of 4tli montli (June), 1700. Their children 
were: -lames, hoi-n Dth (Uiy of ."ird month, 1701; .loliii, horn !)tli 
day of (ith month, 170;5; l*hehe, horn L'4th day of Stli month, 1705; 
Sarah, born 25tli day of otli month, 1711'; Edward, 3rd of 12tli, 
1713-14^ married Anna Fai'rington, L'Oth of Sth, 1743; Martha, 
born 29th of i)th, 1715. 

William Burling, son of Edward (I), had wife Eel)eekali, 
daughter of Elienezer Spooner, who died 2nd of 2ud, 1729. He 
had second wife Mary, and children: Benjamin, James, Samuel, 
"William. Mary, Ebenezer, Hannah, Amy and Sarah, wife of 

Bloodgood. William Burling died 10th of 8th, 1743. 

His wife Mary died 25tli of 6th, 1747. In her will she mentions 
her sisters Charity Eml)ree, and Eleanor Burling. 

Edward Burling, son of Edward (2), nuirried Anna Far- 
rington. He lived in New York, and died the 3rd month, 1749, 
le'aving children: James, John, Phel)e, wife of Phili}) Pell; 

Sarah, wife of Benjanain Smith; Etlward; Martha, wife of • 

Hinman, and Samuel. James Burling, in his will dated Sep- 
tember 8, 1742, proved January 21, 1750, mentions wife Elizabeth 
and daughter Abigail Bowne. 

William I^urling, son of William (2), died 7th of 4th, 1745, 
married Sarah, daughter of Samuel and Hannah Bowne, 12th of 
1st, 1729-30. He had children: Jereth, born 8th of 8th, 1732; 
Hannah, wife of Anthony Field; Sarah, and Hebeckah. 

Edward Burling, "of Long Keacli, East Chester," had son 
Edward, 1762. 

John Burling, son of P]dward (2). died in New ^'ork. 20th 


of 7th, 1785. He married Anna, daughter of Thomas Dobson, 
5th of 5th, 1733. He had son John, who married Hannah Cor- 
nell, 9th of 1st, 1765, and Mary, wife of Parsons. She 

died 12th of 4th, 1779. 

James Burling, who died before 1754, had wife Elizabeth, 
and children: Sarah, who married Caleb Lawrence (son of 
Richard), and Edward, who married Rebeekah, daughter of 
William and Martha Van Wyck, 12th of 10th, 1757. 

Thomas Burling and wife Susanah had children: Anne, 
born 1789; and Maria, born 1791. 

Ebenezer Burling, of East CUiester, died 1758. He left wife 
and children, but the only one named is daughter Hannah 

Samuel Burling, of New York, died 1757. He had wife Jane. 

Benjamin Burling of Flushing, son of William (1), in his 
will dated September 1, 1747, proved October 12, 1747, mentions 
children : William, Peter, Lancaster, Rebecca, Seneca, and Anne. 
Lancaster Burling died October 31, 1807, aged seventy-one. 

Edward Burling, of East Chester, had daughters Rebecca, 
wife of Richard Titus, and Phebe, wife of Isaac Hallock. 

John Burling, of New York, son of John, married Hannah 
Cornell, 9th of 1st, 1769. 

Thomas Burling, and wife Henrietta, had children: Mary, 
born 9th of 12th, 1783; Joseph, 30th of 8th, 1787; Ann and 
Thomas, born 19tli of 8th, 1791. 

Richard Burling, son of Edward, married Charity Haviland, 
4th of 12tli, 1776. 

Thomas Burling, of New York, married Sarah Shotwell, 8th 
of 5th, 1771. 

Samuel Burling, of New York, died 12th of lltb, 1757, 
"buried in Friends burying ground." 

James Burling, of Flushing, had son John, 1768. 


James Burling, of New York, prol)ably son of AVilliam (1), 
died 8tli of 1st, 1754. 

William Burling, of Flushing, had children: Hannah, Sarah, 
Rebecca, George, AVilliani, and Elizabeth. 

James Burling, son of Edward (2), died 8th of 1st, 1757. 
He had wife Elizabeth, and children: Sarah, wife of Caleb 
Ijawrence, and Edward, who married Deborah, daughter of 
William and Martha Van Wyek, 12th of 10th month (December 
12), 1757. 

Edward Burling, the ancestor of the family, came to New 
York about 1()90. On ]May 2, 1695, he purchased from William 
Bickley a lot of land on Broadway, a little north of what is now 
Liberty street. This lot extended east to a narrow street called 
Green Lane (now Liberty Place). In the deed he is mentioned 
as "late of Hewletts Island, wheelwright." On the rear of this 
lot, and fronting "Green Lane," he with one or two others, 
erected a dwelling house in 1696. This was used as the Quaker 
meeting house, and was the first in New York. 

The representative of one of the branches of this family was 
Samuel Burling, who lived in the town of Harrison, AYestchester 
county, and died there in 1821. He left a wife Mary and chil- 
dren: Rebecca, wife of Isaac Barnes; Hannah, wife of Stephen 
Barnes; Mary; Phelie, wife of Joshua Sutton; S.imuel, Richard 
and Benjamin F. 

Of these children, Benjamin F. Burling was born 8th month, 
1st, 1787, and died 12th mo., 5th, 1850. He married Hannah 
Hosier, 11th mo. 20th, 1811. She was born 4th mo. 29th, 1791, 
and died 3rd mo. 17th, 1869. Their children were: Catherine 
IL, wife of Isaac Cari)enter; Hilary F., wife of Charles Titus; 
Ann L., wife of Stephen Britt; Susan M., wife of Benjamin 
Weeks; Rebecca T., wife of Alfred I^nderhill ; William, l)Orn 12th 
mo. 29th, 1824, left no children; Samuel, born 4tli mo. 1st, 1826; 


John C, l.oni :!i-d luo. 4tli, 1829, died lltli mo. 6tli, 1890, no 
issue; and Hannah F., wife of William T. Cock. Of this family, 
Samuel Burling married Phebe G. Haviland, 9th mo. 15th, 1857. 
Their children were William Clinton Burling, born March 21, 
18()1, and Alice (lertrude, wife of Edward Fraser Robinson. 

Samuel Burling, the great-grandfather, lived in the town of 
Harrison, and owned a farm of one hundred and eleven acres on 
the west side of Purchase street, and it was here that his son 
Benjamin F. Burling, was born, and upon this farm the greater 
part of his life was passed. The latter part of his life was 
|)assed at Upper New Koclielle. 

Samuel Burling, his sou, in partnership with his brother, 
John C. Burling, established a wholesale and retail grocery busi- 
ness in 1849. Their place of business was the corner of Gold 
and Sands streets, Brooklyn. Previous to this Mr. Samuel Bur- 
ling had been connected wnth Hanfor Lockwood. In business 
he was noted for his exactness, and was excessively careful in 
all business dealings. His efforts were successful, and he made 
extensive investments in real estate. He remained in business 
until 1900, when they both retired to enjoy the results of their 
earliest labors. 

William Burling, bis brother, who lived on the homestead 
at Upper New Rochelle, in Westchester county, was a man of 
great integrity and universally esteemed. During his life he 
was fre(|uently called upon to arbitrate differences among his 
neighbors, and his opinions were very jnstly held in the highest 
i-espect. When contined in his last sickness, ministers of various 
denominations called upon him to express their sympathy and 
show their resi)ect. He died as he had lived, a useful and hon- 
ored man. 

William Clinton Burling was born in Brooklyn, and was 
educated at the Adeli)hi Academy. At the age of seventeen he 


began business as a clerk with Thomas c^ Beuhain, of the Xew 
York Produce Exchange. In this capacity he remained two 
years. He then went to Europe, and while in Paris he made the 
ac(|uaintance of the lady whom he afterwards married. She was, 
like himself, a resident in Brooklyn, and of the same neighbor- 
hood, but this was their first ac(]uaintance. T^pon his return from 
Europe he entered into partnershii) with Isaac Adriance, and 
conducted a dry goods establishment on Franklin street, Xew 
York. The partnersliip was ended l)y the untimely deatli of Mr. 
Adriance. Upon the election of Mayor Schieren. in 1894, Mr. 
Burling accepted a i)Osition in the De])artment of City AVorks, 
and remained for four years. Since then he has been connected 
witli the real estate business, and his office on Gold street is near 
the ])lace where his father began business in his early years. 
Mr. Burling married Lillie T., daughter of -James Raymond, 
February 22, 1887. They have three children: William Ray- 
mond, born December 29, 1888; Lillian Aletta, born August 7, 
1894; and Alice Gertrude, born June 11, 1896. 

CLIFFORD ('()l)|)L\(rr()X (JnoDWLX. 

The (roodwin family, woi-thily represented in the present 
generation by Clifford C. Goodwin, a native of Xew York city, 
born December 3, I860, is directly descended from the Goodwins 
of East Anglia, whose names a])])ear in the records of X^orwich, 
England, as early as 1238. The family was founded in America 
by Ozias Goodwin, who left his native land in l(i3)2, locating first 
in Boston, Massachusetts, from whence he removed to Xewtown, 
now Cambridge, Afassachusetts, the same year, and there be- 
came one of the leading elders and a representative of the Gen- 
eral Coui't in 1634. Ozias GoodAvin an.d his l)rother, William 
Goodwin. acconij)anied the colony that removed from ^lassa- 
chusetts to Hartford, Connecticut, in 1635, and thev became 


widely known and highly respected for the business acumen 
used in everyday life, and the public spii'it they displayed upon 
every occasion. They were followers of the Pilgrim Fathers, 
a body of worshipers belonging to the Church of England, yet 
alienated from its ritual, who determined to worship God and 
study the scriptures according to their understanding thereof. 

The line of descent is traced through Samuel Goodwin, great- 
grandson of Ozias Goodwin, born 168l2, died 1712. He married 
Mary Steele, daughter of Lieutenant James and Sarah (Barn- 
ard) Steele, of Hartford. Connecticut. He married for his 
second wife Laodamia ]\rerrill, daughter of Moses and Mary 
Merrill, of Hartford, Connecticut. The issue of the first union 
was Samuel Goodwin, 1)orn 1710, died 177(i; he was a resident of 
Hartford, Connecticut, and served in the capacity of collector 
during the years 1737-45-17, grand juror in 1743, and ensign of 
the military company in 1749. 

George Goodwin, great-grandfather of Clifford C. Goodwin, 
was born in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1757. After completing 
his education he entered the office of Thomas Green, founder of 
The Connecticut Courant, and so faithfully and conscientiously 
were his duties jierformed that in the year 1777 he was admitted 
to a partnershi]) in the business, which connection continued un- 
til his retirement from active pursuits in 1825, when his sons 
succeeded him in the business. In 1779 he was united in marriage 
to Mary Edwards, daughter of Richard and Alary (Butler) Ed- 
wards, of Hartford, Connecticut. Their deaths occurred re- 
spectively in 1844 and 1828. 

Oliver Goodwin, grandfather of Clifford C. Goodwin, was 
born in Hartford, Connecticut, 1784. He was a prominent and 
])ublic-siurited citizen, stood high in the couununity in which he 
resided, was the incumbent of several public offices in Litchfield, 
and during the AVar of 1812 served as ensign in the company 

Jonathan I. Coddington. 


commanded by Captain Samuel Wangh. He was granted a tract 
of land in the Western Reserve, Ohio. Mr. Goodwin married, in 
1818, Clarissa Leavitt, daughter of David and Lucy (Clark) 
Leavitt, of Bethlehem, Connecticut. Mr. Goodwin died in 1855. 
Edward Clark Goodwin, father of Clifford C. Goodwin, was 
born in Litchtield, Connecticut, 1825. He married Matilda 
Eleanor Coddington, who died March 5, 1900. She was a daugh- 
ter of Jonathan Inslee Coddington, and three sons were the 
issue of this union, as follows : Edward Leavitt, born 1859, died 
1878; Clifford Coddington, born 1860, mentioned hereinafter; 
and Henry Leavitt, born 1862, married, in 1889, Mary Bowditch 
Osborne. Jonathan Inslee Coddington, father of Mrs. Goodwin, 
was born in Woodbridge, New Jersey, 1784, a son of James and 
Experience (Inslee) Coddington, and grandson of John Cod- 
dington, of Woodbridge, New Jersey, where his death occurred 
about the year 1758. James Coddington was born in Wood- 
bridge, New Jersey, 1754, was a Revolutionary soldier, and died 
in 1816. His wife. Experience (Inslee) Coddington, was a 
daughter of Jonathan and Grace (Moore) Inslee. Jonathan 
Inslee Coddington was a member of the assembly from New 
York city in 1827, postmaster of New York from 1886 to 1842, a 
period of six years, and a presidential elector in the year 1844. 
His death occurred at his home in New York city in 1856. Among 
the children born to him were the following: Matilda Eleanor, 
aforementioned as the wife of Edward Clark Goodwin; Colonel 
Clifford (for whom Clift'ord C. Goodwin was named), born in 
New York, 1841, was a lawyer and broker, a member of the 
Seventh Regiment, an active participant in the Civil war, and 
his death occurred in 1892; David Smith, born 1823, was an 
orator of note and fre(]uently served as a member of the assembly 
from New York city, died 1865; (lill)ert Smith, born in New York 
city, 1835. 


Clifford C. Goodwin was a student at Columbia University, 
Washington, D. C, from which institution he was graduated. 
He resides at No. 238 Fifth avenue, New York, in the home 
where three generations of his family have been born, reared, 
lived and died. His summer residence, Edgewater, is located 
in Barrytown-on-the-Hudson. Mr. Goodwin is a prominent mem- 
ber of the St. Nicholas and New York Clubs. He has recently 
established in Brooklyn an extensive manufactory of drop forg- 
ings, at which a very large amount of this kind of work is done. 

Mr. Jonathan I. Coddington first resided in 1816 at No. 62 
Beekman street. In 1820 he moved to White street, where most 
of his children were born. In 1845 he purchased a lot and erected 
a mansion. No. 238 Fifth avenue. The price of the lot was 
$10,000. The mansion, giving way to trade, was torn down in 


The ancestor of the family whose name is identified with 
great advancement in the art of printing, was John Baskerville, 
who was born at Wolverly, Worcestershire, England, in 1706. 
In his earliest years he develojied great skill in caligraphy and 
cutting in stone, and at the age of twenty became a writing mas- 
ter in Birmingham. In that city he had excellent opportunities 
of observing the great advancement and improvements in vari- 
ous manufactures, and he applied himself to the art of japan- 
ning, which he cai-ried on with great success. In 1750 he di- 
rected his attention to letter founding, with the best results. A 
few years later he began the business of printing, which made 
his name famous. The first work from his press was an edition 
of Virgil, in royal quarto. 

The University of Cambridge granted him permission to 
print the Bible in royal folio, and the Book of Common Prayer 
in three diiferent sizes. For this privilege he paid a large sum 


to the I'niversity. lu addition to this he printed many classical 
works in beciutiful editions, including Horace, Terrenee, Catul- 
lus, Lucretius, Juvenal, Sallust, and Floras. All of these were 
in royal quai'to. He also printed V'irgil and others in small 
volumes. In a word, Baskerville brought printing to the high- 
est degree of ])erfeetion, and his volumes are eagerly sought 
by collectors. He died in July, 1775. 

Kichard Baskerville, a descendant, was l)orn in Torcjuay, 
Devonshire, al.)out 1800, and came to America in 1840. He set- 
tled in Brooklyn, and carried on the business of manufacturing 
lishing tackle, in which he was very skillful. He married Han- 
nah Xunn, and their only child, Paul Baskerville, was born in 
Dartmouth, Devonshire. England, in 1829, and came with his 
parents to this country. His principal business was furnishing 
steamship com])anies with breadstuffs and provisions, and iu 
this enterprise he met with great success. He married Mary 
Joint, of a Devonshire family, and left three children : William, 
now living in San Francisco; Ada, wife of Thomas De Witt 
Scoble, a stock broker, now living in Xew Kochelle; and Thomas 
H. Baskerville. 

Thomas H. Baskerville was born at Xo. ll'o Le Koy street, 
Xew York, starch 5, 1805. In his early years he attended the 
public school in Grove street, and then entered the College of 
Xew York. His course in this institution was cut short, owing 
to a peculiar circumstance. One afternoon Professor K. Ogden 
Doremus, the famous chemist, was demonstrating a certain 
experiment in tlie art of which he was so profound a teacher. 
Young Baskerville, with another student, resolved to repeat the 
same exjieriment after college hours. In this attempt they were 
like the small boy who having seen a magician [)Ound a gold 
watch to pieces in a mortar, and then by a few magic passes re- 
stored it perfect, tried the same on his father's watch Avitli the 


most disastrous results. The two students did not possess the 
g'reat knowledge of the teacher; either something was lacking, or 
something was superfluous, the result lieing an explosion, which 
not only came near terminating the earthly career of the experi- 
menters, but destroyed the laboratory. Such an episode could 
not be overlooked, and young Baskerville was promptly ex- 
pelled, the only member of the faculty voting for his i)ardon 
being Professor Doremus, who declared that he was the only 
student who had shown intelligent interest in the subject. Bas- 
kerville then entered the Law School of Columbia University, 
and graduated in the class of 1886. losing liis father by death 
the same year. He at once became connected with the well 
known law firm of Bowers & Sands, with which he still remains, 
having charge of the real estate department, for which his 
extensive information on tliat subject renders him especially 

Mr. Baskerville married, in 1897, Miss Jessie Bernd, of 
Macon, Georgia. Their present home is the marble liouse 
erected many years ago by Mr. S. Seaman, and sometimes known 
as "Seaman's Folly," and stands on the old Kingsbridge road, 
between 214tli and 21fith streets, wliere their desire for a semi- 
rural life is fully gratified. 


The ancestors of this distinguished family were among the 
multitude compelled to flee from France to escape religious per- 
secution. They found a ])lace of refuge and a home in Scotland, 
wliere Eobert and Elizabeth Gerard were living at Mill of Car- 
nousie, near Banff, in 1774. and at that place their son William 
Gerard was born. 

In early manhood he was a resident at Giliraltar, but came 
to America before 1780 and engaged in business. The year 


after his arrival lie married Christina Glass, of a family from 
Sntherlandshire. Her parents were John Glass and his wife, 
whose family name was Monroe. Her family was from Ros- 
shire. and she was a grandniece of Sir Thomas Hector Monroe, 
governor of tlie East Indies, and a favorite niece of Dr. Alex- 
ander A[onroe. who was one of the founders of the University 
of Edinhnrgh. Alexander S. (rhiss, her brother, was a promi- 
nent New York merchant in the early part of the nineteenth 
century. Their mother came to this country as a widow with 
a family of young cliildi'en before the Revolution, and she after- 
wai'd married Dr. Alexander McLean, a surgeon in the British 
anny. By this marriage she had a son. Dr. Hugh Monroe 
McLean, an eminent ])hysician. 

AVilliam and Chi-istina Gerard were the parents of seven 
children- -three sons and four daughters. Of the daughters, 
Ann married Andrew Hasil, and was the mother of ^Nlrs. Schuy- 
ler Livingston. Another daughter, Christina, married Dr. Jere- 
miah I'isher. a surgeon in the United States Army in 1812. 

James W. (lerard. the ycnmgest son, was born in 1794. En- 
tering college, he graduated in ISIU In 1812 he joined a com- 
I)any organized foi- home defence, and known as the " h'ou 
Greys." After the war he entered the law office of George Grif- 
fins, who was one of the foremost lawyers in the city. In 181 (i 
he was admitted to the bar, and also received the degree of 
Master of Ai'ts from Columbia College. In his chosen profes- 
sion he achieved distinction, tie took a dee]i interest in all 
philanthropic movements, and it was through his influence that 
the first House of Refuge was established in Xew York, in 1825. 
He wa^ also among the first to advocate a uniformed i)olice 
force, and did much to jtromote its efficiency. During the latter 
part of his life he was dev(.ted to the cause of itopular education, 
and held the office of school trustee and inspector, and made the 


public scliools the subject of assiduous care. His useful and 
active life ended in 1S74, and by his death the city and state 
Jest one of tlieir most useful citizens. 

Mr. Gerard married Eliza, daughter of Hon. Increase Sum- 
ner, a member of one of the oldest and most honored of the 
families of AJassachusetts. Her father was Governor of the 
State, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and her brother, 
General "William H. Sumner, was aide-de-camp to Governor 
Strong during the war of J 812. Their children were: 

1. A\'illiani Sumner, who died young. 

2. Ida, wJio married (first) Frederick Wiggin, of England, 
and had two children: Frederick, who is now a practicing 
])hysician in Xew York; and Catherine, who married Hon. 
Charles Laurence, son of Lord Laurence, who was Viceroy of 
India. After the death of her first husband Mrs. Wiggin mar- 
ried Sir George-Buckley Matthew, of the British diplomatic 

3. Juliette Ann, married Thomas C. T. Buckly, who was a 
law partner of Mr. Gerard. Their children are Mary Ue Kay, 
who married Lieutenant AA'iliiam Stark, of the United States 
Navy, and Julian Gerard Buckly, of Genesee, New York. 

4. James \\. Gerard, who was born in New York, and was 
a graduate of Columbia College, with the honors of valedic- 
torian, in 1843. In acknowledgment of his literary and his- 
torical works he received the degree of LIj. D. in 1892. In the 
legal profession he achieved the highest rank, and was recog- 
nized as highest authoritj' on the law of real estate and prop- 
erty. His great work, "Titles to Keal Estate in the State of 
New York," is a standard work on that subject. In 187G he 
was elected State Senator. Much of his time was devoted to 
the interests of tlie schools, and he was one of the Commission- 
ers of Education. His great historical work. "The Peace of 


Utrecht," is a masterly account of the conflict l)eginning in ITlii, 
and known as tlie ''War of the Spanisli Succession." lie also 
delivered many lectnres before tlie Xew York Historical Society, 
of which he is an honored a)nl us;'fnl mi'nil)L*r, u]>()n vaiions 
liistorical subjects, and several of these were jtrinted. He also 
wrote for "TIari'er's iNTagazine" a very carefully i)rei)ared and 
exhaustive article \\\)o\\ Anneke .Jans, and tlie claim of her de- 
scendants to the projierty of Ih-inity Cluircb. 

On ()ctol)er 81, 1866, Mr. Gei-ard mari'ied AHss Jenny Angel, 
daughter of Hon. Benjamin Y. Angel, formerly United States 
Minister to S^^'eden. Her mother was .lulia .lones, daughter of 
Ca];)tain Horafio Jones. Their children are James Watson Ger- 
ard. Sumner Gerard and Julia Munro Gerard. Mr. Gerard 
died 1(S1)(), leaving to liis family and the world the legacy of 
an nnsullied re])utation, and his works will ever keep his mem- 
ory green. Mrs. Geiard, who survives, is a vice-president of 
the Society of CVjlcnial Dames, a jtosition t,i which she is justly 
entitled as a descendant of Elder Willi:'m i>rewster, who came 
over in tlie "Mayflower." 

Gramercy Park, one of the finest residential sections of 
New York, was founded and laid out by Samuel B. Euggles in 
]8?):2. Among the first ])ui'chasers of lots was Elihu Townsend, 
"banker," vrho on March 25, 1844, sold to James W. Gerard 
a lot thirty-three feet in width, being a jiart of lots seventeen 
and eighteen. T'pon this lot Mr. Gerard built a nuinsion which 
is said to have been the third brown stone front erected in this 
city. It has descended to his family, and is nt)w their residence. 
No. 17 Gramercy Park. Tt is characteristic of the social changes 
in New York that this is the only house on (Iramercy I'ark that 
is to-chiy owned and occupied by the family that built it. 

James Watson Gerard, the third of this honored name, 
was born August 28, 18()7. His earlv eJucation was received at 


St. Paul's School, Garden City, and he was graduated from 
Columbia C*ollege in the class of 1890. Entering the legal i)ro- 
fession, he graduated from the New York Law School in the 
class of 1892. He then entered the h;w office of Bowers and 
Sands, and was admitted to i)artnership in 1899, and holds an 
honored ]>osition among the members of the New York bar. 
Jfe is a member of the Ihiion University and New York Yacht 
Clubs. In the Democratic iiarty he has been for some years 
chairman of Tammany Hall (Vimpaign C^ommittee. 

AVilliam Gerard married Mary, daughter of Marcus Daly, 
June 11, 1901. 


The founder of the American family of this name was Philip 
Lydig, who was born at Schwab Hall, in Germany, 1723. He 
came to America about 1750, settling first in Philadelphia, where 
he engaged in business as a grain merchant. In 1760 he re- 
moved to New York. His children were: Philip, born 1745; 
Margaret; Frans ; and two daughters whose names are unknown. 

Philip Lydig, the son, came to New York in 1760, and was 
apprenticed to Peter Grim, a leather merchant and well known 
citizen, whose daughter he married in 1763. Her brother, David 
Grim, was a man to whose knowledge of early New York every 
historian and antiquarian is most deeply indebted. 

The early residence of Philip Lydig was at the southeast 
corner of Perry and Gold streets. The house was standing until 
recent times, an interesting relic of the past. A narrator of 
the events of the past describes Mrs. Lydig as "a fair faced, 
healthy, handsome old lady, with her plain cap, scrupulously 
neat dress, and of distinguished manner, sitting in the summer 
afternoon on the old Dutch stoop in front of her house." Her 
husband was one of the leading members of the Lutheran church, 
which stood in "Skinners street" (now a part of Cliff street). 

Col. Philip M. Lydig 


This edifice became too small for the increasing membership, 
and in 1766 Mr. Lydig, with Jacob Grim, jjurchased lots on the 
corner of Frankfort and William streets, and here was erected 
that quaint edifice known as the "Swani]) ('hurch, " views of 
which are given in most histories of the city. During the Revo- 
lution this church was attended by the Hessian soldiers, and 
their liberal contributions were of the greatest assistance in 
maintaining its service. Some of the officers of the Hessians 
who died in the city were buried in the graveyard attached to 
the church, and in later years their remains were discovered as 
they were laid to rest, "in all the panojily of war." When the 
church was built it is said that Mr. Lydig, its principal founder, 
went to Germany and was successful in obtaining pecuniary as- 
sistance for the purpose. 

Mr. Lydig quietly continued his business during the war, 
and supplied the British army with bread, and accumulated a 
substantial fortune. He died before the close of the Revolu- 
tion, and was buried in the church which he founded. His widow 
survived him many years. Thev were the parents of two chil- 
dren, one of whom. David l^ydig, was in later years one of the 
most prominent and prosperous citizens of New York. He was 
very truthfully described as "a man of good education, care- 
fully brought up, handsome in person, of good sense and judg- 
ment, refined and courteous in manner." He was a leading- 
member of The Club, which consisted of aljout thirty prominent 
citizens, which met at the houses of the members in succession. 
Among the portions of his extended estate were mills situated 
at Buttermilk Falls. This ])ro])erty he sold at the time of tiio 
completion of the Erie Canal, as he foresaw the competition of 
the western part of the state, and by this he saved a large 
amount. In New York he was a director of the ^lerchants' 
Bank, which was incorporatctl in 1805. At various times he be- 


came the owner of many pieces of real estate. At the beginning 
of his career as a merchant he resided at No. 21 Peck Slip, living 
over his store, as was the custom of those days. From thence 
he removed to 55 Beekman street. In the days of his well mer- 
ited prosperity his home was at No. 225 Broadway, being the 
second house from Barclay street. This house and lot he pur- 
chased from Jonathan Fisk in 1818. The price was $25,250. 
AVhen John Jacob Astor was planning to erect the Astor House, 
in 1831, he ]iurchased the house and lot of Mr. Lydig for $32,500. 
Mr. Lyd'g then ])urcliased tlie house No. 34 Leight street, which 
was then an aristocratic neighborhood, and here he continued 
for the remainder of his life. The newspapers of the time con- 
tained the following notice: "Died, on Tuesday morning. May 
the 16, 1840, in the 76th year of his age, David Lydig, an old and 
respectal)]e merchant of this city." 

We cannot better conclude this sketch than by giving ex- 
tended extracts from the diary of Philip Hone, the "Gentleman 
Mayor" of New York: 

"June 18, 1839. I went out yesterday with my wife and 
daughter to dine with my old friends, the Lydigs, at West Farms, 
and had a truly delightful day. The beautiful grounds on Bronx 
river are in fine order, and such a profusion of roses and other 
flowers I have scarcely ever seen. We had an excellent dinner, 
Lydig 's fine old wines, and abundance of delicious strawl)erries, 
with a welcome hearty as the one and unstinted as the other. 
Mr. and Mrs. Livingston with some of their family were of the 
party. Lydig and Suydam (Mr. Lydig's father-in-law) are both 
in indifferent health, and the latter dreadfully hipped and prone 
to water drinking. But our gossiping about old times, the good 
cheer and lovely scenery set the old gentlemen on their legs for 
time being, and both, I am persuaded, went to bed much better 
than they have been for a twelvemonth. So much for the inno- 
cent enjo^anents which this world, bad as we think it, affords. 

"June 16, 1840. Another link is broken in the chain of so- 
cial relations. Another wai'ning given of the passing away of 
m^^ generation. My old and valued friend, David Lydig, died 


this morning at 6 o'clock. He lias been in bad health the last 
two years, but had rallied of late, and appeared to be gaining 
strength, until his last illness. He died in the seventy-sixth year 
of his age, much older than I, but an intimate friend and asso- 
ciate for nearly forty years. He was one of a set who, although 
my seniors, were very intimate companions about the time of 
my entrance into society, and with whom I continued in pleasant 
association until they drifted away one by one, and now I am 
about the only one left. How many good dinners I have eaten 
at poor Lydig's expense, and how many hours I have passed in 
his society. He was a just man, prudent and careful in the 
management of his aifairs, unexeeptionalile in his deportment, 
with some old-fashioned aristocratic notions, an exceedingly 
good liver, fond of old wine, which, liowever, he drank in mod- 
eration, but less prudent in the enjoyment of the other pleasures 
of the table. He was, in short, a gentleman of the old school, a 
race which is nearly extinct, so, as the old ones decay and die olf , 
their places are supplied by an undergrowth less hardy, majestic 
and graceful." 

Mr. Lydig married Catherine Mesier, a member of one of 
the oldest Dutch families of New York. Their only son was 
Philip Mesier Lydig, who in 1824 entered into i)artuership with 
his father under the firm name of David Lydig & Son, their 
place of business being at 160 South street. For nearly a half 
century he was connected with almost everj^ bank and insurance 
company in the city, and he was recognized as one of the most 
prominent business men of his time. Among the various pieces 
of i3roperty owned bj^ Mr. Lydig were the famous Lydig Mills, 
on the Bronx river. In 1680 the town of Westchester granted 
to William Richardson the privilege of erecting mills at this 
place. They afterwards passed into the hands of Everet By- 
vanck, and were known for long years as "Byvanck's Mills.'! 
His widow sold them to William Provoost in 1711- — "three grist 
mills and a saw mill." He sold them to Stephen De Lancey, and 
from his heirs they were purchased by Philiji M. Lydig. Through 
the estate of Mr. Lydig the Bronx ran for nearly a mile, and it 


was one of the finest country residences in Westchester county. 
This tract is now included in Bronx Park and the Zoological 

Phili]) Mesier Lydig, the only son of David Lydig, married 
Katherine, eldest daughter of John Suydam, a member of one 
of the oldest Knickerbocker families. They were the parents of 
seven children: Philip, of whom a more extended notice will be 
given; David, who married Pauline Heckscher, and is now living 
in New York; Maria, who married Judge Charles P. Daly; Mar- 
garet Jane, wife of Carl Otto; has three children: Philip, 
Kate and Emma, wife of Henry Hoyt (who is now living at Sag 
Harbor, Long Island, having inherited the estate of Hon. 
Charles P. Daly) ; Katherine Matilda (who married Judge John 
R. Brady, and has children : May M., wife of Albert Stevens, de- 
ceased, of the famous family of Stevens Point, New Jersey, and 
Katherine, who married Sidney Harris, and has one child, 
Katherine C.) ; Rosalie, wife of John J. Stajiles; and Florence, 
who married Frank K. Sturgis, ex-president of the New York 
Stock Exchange. 

Philip Mesier Lydig, the eldest son of Philip Mesier and 
Catherine (Suydam) Lydig, was born in New York city, 1837. 
Graduating from the Columbia Law School in 1861, he entered 
upon the practice of his profession, but the outbreak of the Civil 
war changed the tenor of his life. Among the tirst to enlist in 
the service of his country, he was commissioned captain and 
aide-de-cam]i. United States Volunteers, Januarj^ 9, 1862, and 
served on the statf of Brigadier-General J. G. Parke, command- 
ing the Third Brigade in Burnside's expedition, and was at- 
tached to the Third Division, De]>artment of North Carolina. 
In this position he remained till July, 1862. He was then with 
the Third Division of the Ninth Army Corps of the Army of the 
Potomac to September of the same year, and was with General 


Parke on the staff of General Burnside from Se])tenil)er to 
November, 1862, and continned nndei- tlie same eounnauder nntil 
March. lS(i4. On ^fai-ch l'^. 1S(i4, lie was connnissioned major 
and assistant adjntant general, I'nited States Vohmteei-s. and 
served on the staff of Genei-al Bnrnside to Augnst, lS(i4. and 
on the staff' of General Parke to Ai)ril, IHt;."). On Angnst 1, 1S(;4. 
he was In-evetted lientenant-colonel of Tnited States Volunteers 
"for gallant and meritorions services in the battles of the 
Wilderness, Spottsylvania and Bethesda Chnreli, and during the 
0])erations before Petersburg." and for similar services before 
Fort Sedgwick. Vii'ginia, he was brevetted colonel of volun- 
teers, April 2, 1S65. 

His record during the war is a long and honoral)le list of 
faithful and meritorious services, of which the following are 
most conspicuous: Burnside's expedition to Hatteras Inlet and 
Roanoke Island. Xortli Cai'olina, January, 18()2; cajiture of 
Roanoke Island, February 7-8 (received special mention for gal- 
lantry) : attack on Xewberne, March 14 (again mentioned in Gen- 
eral F^arke's rejiorts); atta<k on Camden. April 11); capture of 
Fort Macon. Ai)ril 25; Maryland cam])aign. September, October; 
battles of South ^^ountain, Se]itenil)er 14; Antietam, Septem- 
ber l(i-17; Fi-e(lericksburg, December 11-15 (received sjjecial 
mention in report of General Bnrnside for courage and effi- 
ciency); Burnside's second cam)>aign. January 20-24. 18()o; 
inovement of Xinth Army Corps to Kentucky. March. 18()3; 
meinl)er of the military commission to try Clement C. \"allandig- 
ham for treason. May. 18(i:); siege of Vicksburg, June 17 to 
July 4; siege of Jackson, duly li!-17; l^ast Tennessee cam]>aigii. 
August 22 to ( )('tober 17; c;i])tnre of Cumberland Gap. Septem- 
ber 10; Knoxville camjiaign. X'^ovember 4 to December 21!. In 
all these important nu)vements he was rei)eatedly mentioned for 
courage and efficiency. Ra])idan. Virginia. May-June. 18()4; 

Vol. I — 26 


battles (if the AMIdcriiess, May .")-?; Spottsylvaiiia, May 8-11; 
S])ottsyl\-aiiia Coiivt House, May 1:^-21; Cold Harlior, June 1-2; 
Betliesda Clmrch, June 2-3 ; siege of Petersburg, June 16, 1864, 
to April 2. 1865; Fort Stedman, jNEarcli 25; fall of Petersburg, 
April 2; pursuit of l^ee and his army. April 3-9. In these he 
was ofte)i mentioned in (?orps re])orts for courage and faitliful 
service. On April 25, 1865, he resigned from the army and was 
iioiiorahly mustered out of the service. Colonel Lydig, after an 
honorable and useful life, died in NeAv York. 1868. 

Colonel F^hilij) ]\resier Lydi'^ married, Octolier, 18(i5, Paul- 
ine, daughter of Chailes A. :\U{\ (ieorgianna Louisa (Coster) 
Hcckshei'. Their ouIn' i-iiijd was 

IMnli]! .Mesier Lydig (tlu- third of the name, horn on the 
L>diu estate on Bronx river, .Vugust l(i, LS()7. He entered 
Har>'ai(l Lniv(>rsity. graduating in LS8i). Huring the war with 
Spain he was <'ommissioued captain 1»y I'resident ^IcKinley, ^iay 
17, ISDr. and served as chief connnissary, artillery brigade, and 
as chief and iturcha^ing connnissarv at Honolulu, Hawaii, and 
was sent, heiore his resignation took effect, to France to make 
a report, for which he received the thanks of the War Depart- 
ment. He resif^tied July 1, 18f)!l. 

('aptaiu Lydig married, l!)!t2, Rita de Alliay de Acosta. 
daughter of Hicardo de Acosta and ^licaela Hernandez y de 
Alba. Her father is a well known merchant of Havana and Xew 
York, and ^Irs. Lydig is a descendant of the de Alba family, 
famous m the history of Spain.