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■ 29 

F7 H67 
;opy 1 

Centennial Pageant 

Fort Fairfield, Maine. 

Pageant Book 


Historic Pageant 


Fort Fairfield 


The Aroostook Valley 

Produced at the 

Celebration of the Centennial of the 

First Settlement 
• of 
Fort Fairfield, Maine 

August 8, 9 and 10, 1916 


Miss Eva Winnifred Scates 

Music by 
PuUen's Orchestra, Bangor 

Citizens' Band, Fort Fairfield 

New Sweden Band 

Millinocket Band 


Rev. S. M. Bowles, President; Mrs. N. Fessenden, Secretary; H. B. 

Kilburn, Treasurer; A. O. French, E. E. Scates. Mrs. G. E. Bartlett, 

Mrs. E. S. Hopkins, Mrs. H. G. Richards, C. C. Harvey. A. F. Goodhue 

J. S. Williamson. D. W. Haines. 


Committee on Appointments Rev. S. M. Bowles 

Committee on History • G. F. Ashby 

Committee on Finance A. F. Goodhue 

Committee on Publicity C. C. Harvey 

Committee on Properties H. C. Buxton 

Committee on Invitations Rev. W. A. Richmond 
Committee on Pageant Grounds 

The General Committee and Miss Eva Scates 

Committee on Costumes Mrs. R. F. Thurlough 

Committee on Music Mrs. W. A. Richmond 

Committee on Decorations Dr. W. G. Chamberlain 

Committee on Entertainment G. W. Currier 

Committee on Dramatization Miss Eva Scates 

Committee on Transportation D. W. Haines 

Committee on Attractions G. H. Foss 

Committee on Cast Rev. W. A. Richmond 

Committee on Markers R. N. Wallace 

Committee on Illumination H. D. Stevens 

Miss Eva W. Scates, Emerson College of Oratory. Director of Pageant 
Miss Minnie McNelly, Wellesley College. Instructor in Dancing 


" The pageant of Fort Fairfield and the Aroostook valley is 
presented not only for the pnrpose of eouimeniorating the 
lOOth anniversary of the town of Fort Fairfield, bnt also of 
imparting to tlie minds of the present generation a knowledge 
of the historic past and of awakening in them a keen apprecia- 
tion of the town's growth and progress. 

To a certain extent what has been trne of Fort Fairfield's 
prosperity has also been trne of her sister connty towns. 

The committee on dramatization have tried to stdect the 
salient points from the mass of accumulated history which will 
portray the town's development. 

Many of the speeches delivered by the participants are 
cuttings from the original and much of the dialogue eml)races 
original sayings. 

]\Iuch attention has been given to the choosing of charac- 
ters in order that the episodes of the past may ])e enacted by a 
generation of the present who })ractically represent the first 

Thus it is with reverence and respect that our towiispeo- 
[)le give to you the story of their community. 

The Directoi'. 

©uv Creeb 

■'We believe in our Coiiiinunity. 

"We believe in its Past — in the men and 
women who have lived before us, whose toil 
made the land productive, whose foresight 
founded our schools, whose devotion builded 
our churches. 

"We believe in its Present — in the men 
and women and childreji about us. We believe 
that there is nothing for the good of our town 
which working together we can not accom- 

"We believe in its Future — in the men and 
vromtMi who will conn^ after us. We believe 
that out of oui- hopes and labors now v;ill 
grow a ( 'omnninity, (h-mocratic, prosperous 
and strong, an honor to our State and to our 



The ypirit of the Wild reigns supreme in dance. 


The Spirit of Man — the stalwart Indians fish and hunt in 
the untrodden forests. They come from the Tobique Valley. 


Scene I — English lumber agents brand the King's Broad 
x\n'ow on the tall pines for His Majesty's ships. 

Scene II — Canadian lumbennen come to cut the tall Pines. 
Scene III — First settlers arrive — the Dorseys, Fitzher- 
bei-ts and Russells. 


Scene I — Captain Rhines with Sheriif Strickland and 
Volunteers come and arrest Canadian lumbermen tor 

Scene II — Reenforcements from Canadian side arrest 
( ;ipt;iiii K'hines. Strickland esca{)es. 


Scene Jl! — Strickland and Land Agent ]\lclntyre at Fitz- 
lierbert Inn — Canadians take Mclntyre but Striclcland again 
escapes — Young Warren Jolmston's atteni])t to notify Ameri- 
can officers of ('anadian intentions. 

Scen(^ IV — ('ai)tain Parrott and State ^lilitia arrive. They 
I)uild a Fort and for their beloved Governor call it Fort 

Scene V — Ihiited States Regulars arrive with Captain 
Xini Xess — Webstei'-Ashburton Treaty. 

Treaty Dance. 

Priuiitive Town-meeting. ^ 

Primitive Church. 


Shingle Industry. Domestic life at the time. 

A ball in the '60 "s interrui)ted by Stage-coachman who an- 
nounces "Fort Sumpter tired upon!"' Recruiting office]' calls 
for Volunteers. Fort Fairfield's response. 


Scene I — Plot to get Camion from Fort Kent on hearing 
of Pres(|ue Isle's intention of firing it on the 4th of July. 

Scene II — Return of men with famous old Cuji and the ar- 
rival of Sanniel Stevens and ")() Presque Isle men to take it by 


Coining of Swedes with Hon. W. W. Thomas — Fort Fair- 
ht'hl the tirst Anuniean town throngh which they passed. 


Coming of the Kailroad. 


A symbolic dance of Potato trade with New England, tlie 
Snnny South and Cuba. 


Potato Industry — early and modern methods of raising 
tlu- famous Aroostook potato. 


Harnessing of the Spirit of Aroostook Falls by the Spirit 
of P]lectricity. 

Fort Fairfield of the Present views the Grand Old Past 
and stretches out her efficient arms to Posterity and the 



The Wilderness 
The Hills 
The Forests 

The Valley and Flowers 
The River and Falls 

Brooks C. Peters 
Titto Mattei 
Fr. Chopin 

Indian Melody 

Harmonized by Prof. Fillmore 

Scene 1 

Rule Britannia 
Scene 2 
No music 
Scene 3 
No music 

The Whirlwind 

From an Imlian Lodge 







•Scene 1 


Scene 2 

No nnisic 

Scene 8 

Xo nnisie 

Scene 4 


Scene 5 

J^ritish (jrenadiers 

Yankee Doodle 

Coronation ^lareh from "'The Proi)het, " Aleyerhier 


Coronation ]\Iai'cli from "The Prophet" ]\Ie3'erhier 

Scene 1 
Xo music 
Scene 2 

Hymn, Invitation. 
Come, ]My lieloved, Haste Away. 


Okl :\Ielodies 


Tlie ( 'horns Jig 

The Vii'ginia Keel 

Tlie (4i]-l I Left Behind Me 


Scene 1 
No music 

Scene 2 

P.irodv of Fort Fnirfield Men 

Swedish Hymn 

Xo music 

The Corn Song 
Cecile Waltz 
Ragging the Scale 
Dixie Land 
Warming l-p in Dixie 
La Bayamesa 

X() nnisie 




German Air 



E. T. Pan 11 
'Cuban Xational Air 


Tluinhouser ]\I;ircli 

Centennial Ilymu 
Star Si)angled IJjinncr 



Music bv 

Pullen's Orcliesti'a 

A. W. Sprague, Conductor 


Fort Fail-field IJaiul 

^Maurice ('. Knowles, Leadtn' 
August Sth, !)tli and lOtli 

^iiUinoeket l>and 
August 8 

New Sweden JJand 

Walter lleduian, Tjeadej- 
Anffust 10 


Authors of Maine-New Brunswick Boundary Treaty. 1842 

arooetook in ipoettc Xeoen^ 

By Ellen M. Gary 

Ye who love a country's legends. 

Love to hear its old traditions, 

All its folk-lore, wild and wayward, 

Of its early toils and struggles, 

Of its growth and its achievements 

Listen to this simple story, 

Told in language weak and homely. 

Told with little skill in song craft. 

I repeat it as I heard it 

From the lips of feeble old men. 

So, my sisters, pause and listen 

To the story of this northland. 

Of this cold and dreary northland. 

Long and icy is the winter, 

"All the land with snow is covered. 

Covered deep with crusted snow drifts. 

Motionless are all the rivers. 

Hard as stone becomes the water." 

Short and lovely is the summer: 

Then the land with green is covered. 

Gold and green of growing harvests. 

Singing, onward rush the rivers; 

Then the land is full of beauty. 

"But in days long since forgotten. 
In the unremembered ages " 
All this land was crowned with forests. 
With the tall and stately pine tree. 
With the ash and birch and maple. 
Never feet of white man trod here. 
Never white man's boat had sailed here. 
But the red man found this river, 


Sailed his bark canoe upon it. 

Saw it flashing in the sunlight, 

Hurrying to the big sea water." 

And he named it "The Aroostook." 

Name, with his interpretation. 

Would he call it "The Good Rivers." 

Many moons the red man lived here, 

Fishing in these lakes and rivers. 

Hunting in these mighty forests. 

But at last the wily white men 

Came and saw these lofty pine trees 

On the banks of the Aroostook, 

Saw how they could cut those giants. 

Float them down on the "good river." 

Sell them to their English neighbors, 

Bring home "Bank of England" money 

To support their wives and children; 

Saw how when the trees were cut down. 

They could build a little cabin. 

Plant their corn and their potatoes. 

So they came with hope and courage. 

With no roads to guide their footsteps. 

All their road was "The Good River." 

Came the Russells and Fitzherberts 

Came the Lovelys, and the Dorseys, 

Came the Bishops and the Johnstons. 

In the woodland rang their axes 

Cutting down the mighty forests. 

Planting, reaping scanty harvests. 

Catching salmon in the river. 

Shooting deer and moose for venison. 

Thus they lived their lives so peaceful 

In the heart of the great forest. 

Never tidings came to fright them 

From the great world far beyond them. 

Till one day they heard in winter. 

Heard a tramping in the forest. 

Heard men's voices loud and angry. 

Heard these words of wrath and threatening 

"Children, cease your constant thieving! 

Robbing Maine of all her pine trees!" 

And the settlers stood and faced them. 

In their faces stern defiance. 

Spake disdainfully in this wise: 

"Nay! to us belong the pine trees. 


All this wealth belongs to England. 

Come not sneaking through the forest. 

Go back to the men who sent you! 

Or we'll slay you as you stand there!" 

Then they seized the brave (?) commander, 

Took him to an English prison. 

But his men in haste retreated 

Through the snow-encumbered forest. 

Backward to the men who sent them, 

Told the story of their treatment. 

Of their leader, now a prisoner. 

How they all had been insulted. 

Then as one arose the people. 

Burned with wrath their hearts within them. 

"We'll defend our northern border." 

Hastily they raised an army, 

Through the forest came the soldiers. 

Armed with all their warlike weapons. 

Reached the shores of the Aroostook. 

Built the earthworks and the block-house 

To repel the base usurpers. 

Now the English were not idle. 

They had heard a proclamation 

From the Governor of New Brunswick 

To be ready to do battle. 

So they decked themselves in war gear 

Anxious to obey the summons. 

Thus they both were armed for battle. 

Only waiting to hear "Forward!" 

When Gen. Scott, the great commander. 

Heard of all their preparation. 

Heard of the impending battle. 

Then he called the chiefs in council. 

To decide on ways more peaceful. 

Saying: "I am weary of this bloodshed. 

Wasih the warp^.int from your faces. 

Bury all those cruel weapons. 

All your strength is in your union. 

All your danger is in discord. 

Therefore be at peace henceforward 

And as brothers live together." 

So they did as he commanded. 

Buried all their bloodless weapons 

On the shores of the Aroostook. 

Then the council fixed the boundary. 


Saying to the British province. 
"Here thou shalt come, and no farther," 
And to Maine, "Here is your border. 
This side may you live and labor." 
Then the country grew and prospered. 
Every year brought new arrivals. 
Hardy men and loyal women. 
True, their lives were full of hardship. 
Toil in summer and in winter. 
Sometimes famine looked in on them, 
Only looked, but never entered. 
Thus they toiled, in hope of plenty 
For the children who came after. 

Now, my sisters, pause and ponder, 

Think how years have wrought such changes: 

Gone the earthworks and block-houses. 

Gone the spotted line and log house. 

Cozy dwellings, schools and churches 

Stand on the banks of "The Good River." 

E'en the roads built with such labor 

Soon became too long and tiresome. 

So across the fathers' acres 

Gleams the steel track of the engine. 

Where once echoed cries of wild beasts. 

Hear the wild shriek of the iron horse. 

Even steam became too laggard. 

We must speak to friends afar off. 

We must send our voices from us 

To those who are at a distance. 

So the tall trunks of the cedar. 

Stripped of all their limbs and verdure. 

Stand like sentinels on duty. 

Bound with bands of steel together. 

Over whlcli we send our message. 

Here I end my simple story. 

Told with little skill of poetry. 

Told in language poor and homely. 

To the club I leave this message. 

To the club, the Philomathian. 

Blessings on you, oh, my sisters! 

All your well remembered faces 

And your deeds and words of kindness 

I shall carry in my memory 

Through the days and weeks of absence. 



Kcc'i wlio will tli;' city's alleys, 

'I'akc the sinootli sliorn plain; 
<Ji\'(' to VIS the cellar valleys, 

Rocks and hills of Maine. 
In our iiorthland wild and woody 

Let us still have ])art, 
Kug'ged nurse and mother sturdy 

Hold us to tliy heai't. 

— John (ireenleaf Whilliei' 

From the orchestra comes the inotif of the Avilderness. 
Suddenly from the wooded hill to the left appears a I'ouifh 
and tawny man clad oidy in skins, haug'hty in maimer, show- 
ing distinctly his suprenmcy ovm- the great unpeopled wild. 
He is tlie Spirit of the Wildei'uess. To him he calls IIk' hills, 
the cedars and the pines, then the Ix'autiful green valh-y with 
its many coloi'ed tlowers, and lamning ahuig heside if, the i-i])- 
|)ling i-iver witli its dashing falls. At his call come these 
spirits and how in utter su))mission to their great su|)]'eme. 
■■Dance."' lie cries, "Show me the Spirit of the Wilderness 1'" 
^lajestically moves the hrowii liills witii their mist-covered 


tops; then swmvs the stately i)iiies and cethirs, and tlie valley 
with its river and falls running among the hills. The little 
flowers play gleefully with each other. Supreme reigns the 
Avild, hut hark, fi'(uu the river hanlv comes an unfamiliar 




The Si)irit of the Wild starts. The dance stops. At that 
moment ai)[)ears to the right a stalwart Indian. With him he 
carries a how a)id ai'row. The Spirit of ]\lan has come to con- 
quer the Wilderness. The valley and river greet him, since 
he paddles up the rijjpling water in his birch canoe; but the 
Spii'it of the Wild with the hills and forests defy him. He 
pulls the string of his bow, and out shoots the arrow. It hits 
the Spirit of tht' Wild and wounds him; and sorrowfully the 
sturdy hills and forests carry him away staggering from his 
t i'esi)assed could ry. 



The Si)ii'it i^i' 1lic Wild 

Tlie Hills 

Tlie Pines 

The (V>< [ill's 

The Valley 

Till' Kivei' 

The Falls 

The Flowers 

The Spirit of ^Fan 


The Spirit of ^laii ealls to his rcd-skiiuied braves, who 
come ill eaiioes from the Tobi(pie valley. They seek the deer 
and the earibou. With their birch horns, they give the moose 
call. A response eomes from the wooded hill. Sti^althily 
they run with their bows and arrows to shoot the imieh-sought- 
for prey, while the scpuiws piteh the eamp and })repare the fire 
for the cooking of the meat. They sing as they work. The 
Indians return carrying with them a young deer. The meal 
is {)rei)ared. The leader is called to i)erform the usual sacrt^l 
rites observed before the serving of food. Every man bows 
his head. Tlie leader lifts from the pile of meat a bit and 
I'aises it toward tht^ sky as an offering to Wakonda. 'After 
the repast is over, they dance the old Indian Snake nane(\ 
and return in their canoes 1o their wigwamed village on thf 

( Characters 

The S])ii'it of ^lan 


The other participants in this fjiisoih' aiT Canadian In- 
dians from, tlu' Tobi(int^ \'alh'y Rt'S(*i'\alion, all desccndaids 
from the original tribe. 


(Englisli lniiil)er agents (loie np thi' Aroostook I'iver in 
I)ateanx to brand the big pines for tlie King's navy. As they 
a])proae]i they art^ singing Rnh' h>ritannia.) 

( 'haraeters 
A I'aptain 
A Lieutenant 
Two men 

Captain. — Rest youi- oars. I)(^hold tlu' Pi.ncs ! Spars tor 
His i\Iajesty 's shij)S ! 

Lieutenant. — Are you positive, cai)tain, that these are 
within His ^Lijesty's land and that we arr noi'th the parallel'' 

Cai)tain. — Positi\e or not, we shall spot the best that 
stands, it is ours for the taking. 

Lieutenant. — AVell said, my (•a])tain. thr best is none too 
good for His ^Majesty's service, be it noi-1h or south. (Men 

Captain. — ]\Ien, have you obeyed oi'dei's? 

Men. — Captain, we have. 

("aptain. — (4ood. Lei no man under p<Mia!ty of England's 
law dare fell a tree marked by His ^Lajesty's b.road arrow I To 
the Boat. 



(Canadian hunbernien approach in tow boat to cut big 


Boss of the crew 

12 men * 

Boss. — Here is a grand chance and no mistake. 

Man. — Hold, Boss ; these trees are spotted for the King. 
See the broad arrow. 

Boss. — Spotted for the King? Nonsense! Remember $10 
a ton, and we split even. Follow me. 

(Lumber operations start.) 

(In the meantime boats are seen passing up the river.) 


First Settlers 1816 

"Michael Russell was undoubtedly the lirst to locate. His 
settlement was upon the south side of the Aroostook river. 
James Fitzherbert is given the credit of being the next settler. 
He located at the mouth of the Fitzherbert brook. The next 
on the same side of the river Avas John Dorsey. " 

Ellis's History of Fort Fairfield 

(The Kussells come on horseback.) 

Michael Russell 
Phebe Russell, his wife 
Year-old child 


Michael Russell. — Ileri-. we art:, h nice clearing and s])i-i!if; 
water near by. 

Phebe Russell. — It's the best we've seen. You build the 
shelter and I'll prepare the supper. 

(James Fitzherbert and family arrive in ox-cai-t.) 


James Fitzherbert 

Bridget Fitzherbert, liis wife 

Two sons 

Michael Russell. — Welcome, stranger, welcome to these 
parts. Glad to have you with us. 

James Fitzherbert. — Thanks, neighbor, thanks. We shall 
not be so lonely here. 

(John Dorsey and wife come up the river in a canoe.) 


John Dorsey 

Hannah Dorsey, his wife 

Small boy 

Michael Russell. — Another stranger, welcome. There is 
a good clearing just above. 

John Dorsey. — Thanks for your kind welcome. We'll 
soon have quite a settlement here. 



"After the war of 1812, the British claimed the whole of 
the upper part of the vast valley of the St. John. They de- 


iii;tii(lc(l Jill the hiiid above (he 4(Jtli dcy-i't'c of iioi'th latitude, 
which included about ouc-third of what v\ as supposed to be 
the territoi'v of JMaiue. The (piestiou in dispute was refei'i'ed 
to W^illiaui, King of Xet hei'lauds, and he tlecided in favoi' of a 
line whicli the treafy did not iiulicate, aiul of which ik ithei' 
of the parties had thought. The people of Maine were ind.ig. 
nant at this decision. T]iv luitional govei'niuent. anxiou;^ to 
avoid Mar, gejierously oifered ]\iaiiu- a million acres of hnui 
in .Michigan in excdiange J'or the terriloi'v she would thus lose. 
This oti'er was declined and prolonged negotiations ensued. 
The territory in disjuite l)ecanie the prey of plunderers. The 
region of the Aroostook I'iver was I'obbetl of its most valual>le 
timber. The Str.te legislature in seei'et session authoi'ized 
Sheriff Strickland to raise a force of volunteers, drive otT the 
tresjiassers, and seize their teams. The eomrnand was placed 
under ('ai)tain Stove}' Khincs. '' 

Ab()ott and Elwell's History of ]Maine 

( 'haracters 

Captain Stover l\hines 
Sheriff Strickland 

(Captain i\liines, Slieriff Strickland and \^)lunteers 
ap{)ear. ) 

Cai)tain Stover Rhines. — Halt! We have caught the tres- 
passers at their thieving. Men. l)y the ordei- of oui" governoi', 
seize the lumber and the teams. 

(Arrest and seizures ai'e made. Several luml)ermen (>s- 
(•a])e to the Canadian side.) 


"Governor Harvey of New Brunswick issued a proclama- 
tion declaring British territory had been invaded, and sent a 
communication to the governor of Maine that he was instruct- 
ed by the British governor to hold exclusive jurisdiction over 
the disputed territory." 

Abbott and Elwell 's History of Maine 



Captain Stover Rhines 
Sheriff Strickland 
Several Volunteers 
Canadian Sheriff 
Canadian Men 

(Captain Rhines and Sheriff Strickland with Volunteei*s 
cncoimter Canadian Sheriff with men.) 

Canadian Sheriff. — By what authority do you interfere 
with Canadians on their own territory? 

Captain Rhines. — Their OAvn territory, hoAv so? 

Canadian Sheriff. — This is His Majesty the King's land. 
For the 46th parallel is the true boundary line ; therefore you 


Captain Kliines. — iJy the Treaty of Ghent the St. John 
was made the boundary, and we are not trespassers. It is you 
that trespass. 

Canadian Sheriflt'. — You lie ! and in the name of the British 
fTOvernnient. I arrest you. Men, seize these Yankee meddlers. 

(Sherifit* Strickland escapes.) 

"Land Agent IMcIntyre was among the first upon the dis- 
puted territory. James Fitzherbert was able to ati'ord the best 
inn accommodations and Mclntyre with Sheritf Strickland was 
stopping there. At this time Mr. Johnston had sent his son 
to Tobique with a grist. There he learned that a party was 
being organized to go to Fitzherbert 's inn and capture the 
American officers. He started with the grist to give the alarm, 
but the Canadians on their way to the inn overtook him and 
held him back." 


Sheriff Strickland 
Land Agent Mclntyre 
Canadian Sherifif with Men 
Warren Johnston 

(Sherilf Strickland and Mclntyre are coming from thu 

Sheriff Strickland. — I'm getting tired of this camping in 
the woods and on boughs. 

Land Agent Mclntyre. — I, too. Let's try Fitzherbert 's 

Sheriff Strickland. — It's the best shelter here. 


(•< 'jinadiau Sheriff and men ai){)ea/\ ) 

Canadian Slieriff. — Ili, you Vaidvee spies. We ari'est you 
ill tiie name of His ^Lajesty the king. They seize Melntyre. 

Land A<re]it J\[clMtyre. — Hun, Strielvhmd, i-un. 

Canadian Shei'iff. — (to men) Don't h't that luan eseape. 
We want l)oth of them, ("ateh him I 

Canadian 3Ian. — Cateli liim:' Catch tluil uuui .' I'm no 
l)looming' race horse — tlial "s Strickland. 

(Strie1\laud escapes.) 


Captain Pari'ott 
State Militia 

(Captain Pai'rott and State Militia arrive.) 

Captain Parrott. — On yonder lull we'll erect a fort, and 
for our beloved o-overnor, we'll call it Fort Fairfield. Men. 
mount the caniH)n on the summit and plant Old Glory. For- 
ward, ^lai'ch ! 

(Flag Raising and Salute.) 

Fort Fairfield! Fort Fairfield! Fort Fairfield! 

"In the year 1S42 Lord Ashburton came to Washington, 
the British ambassador authorized to form a new treaty for 
the settlement of the boundary. Commissioners were appoinl- 
ed to confer w\{\\ Lord Ashbui'fon and Secretai'y Daiiie! 
Wel)s1er u])oii this subject. The ([uestiou was l)rough1 to an 
;iiiiicable std t lement . "' 

Abbott and Elwell's lIis1or\- of i\Liine 

S( 'ENE 5 

Captain Van Ness 
Lieutenant Kicketts 
Iinited States Regulars 
( 'anadian Captain 

Canadian Troops 
Secretary Daniel AVel)ster 
Tjord Ashburton 

( Tnited States Regulars under Captain Van Xess and 
Lieutenant Ricketts march on to Pageant grounds. Car.adinn 
redcoats under Captain join the American troops. From the 
right comes Daniel Webster. From the left Lord Ashburton.) 


Tlu' Treaty Dance — the coming of peace. 


State of Maine 
To Mark Trafton, Jr., Constable. 

You are hereby re<piested to notify and warn the legal 
voters of Letter D Plantation [now Foi't Fairfi»^ld| to meet at 
the schoolhonse at the Fort in said Plantation on ^Monday, the 
twenty-seventh day of INLirch, at one o'clock in the afternoon, 
to act upon the following articles. \iz : — 
1st. To choose a moderator to pn^side at said nnM-ting. 


2(1. '!"() clioosc ;i Pl;iiit;iti(Hi ("It-rlv. 
■ Ul. 'I'd choose Assessoi's. 
•itii. To choose ;i school coiiiinitlee. 
-1th. To choos<- Jill olhei' iieeessjiry officers. 
6th. To act iipoii iiny other l)usiiiess thtit may properly 

come Ix't'ore said meeting. 
7th. To see what sum of money the i)lantation will i-aise for 

sujtport of schools. 
I'^tii. To see hoAv iinich money the phuitation will raise foi' 

making- and I'epairing I'oads and high^vays. 
ilth. To see if the plantation will vote that the school com- 
iidttee and assessors district the plantation iido six 
school districts. 
10th. 'i'o see what sum of money teachers in plantation 
scliools shall re( tdve as W(^ekly wag(-s. and if tliey 
slndl board around. 
11th. To see if the taxes can be paid in oats at twenty-five 

cents per bushel and buckwheat at two shillings. 
12tli. To see if the un})aid taxes of 185;^ can be paid in road 

work at 12 cents per hour for men and oxen. 
i;)th. To see if bids will be accei>ted for cai'e of the poor. 
14th. To see if collection of taxi-s be set up at auction and 

sold to highest biddei'. 
I'jth. To sec if the })lantation will \o1e to sell the i)ublic lots 

to settlei's for not less than ^sl.OO pel- acre. 
Kith. To see if the i)lantation will accept a I'oad laid out b\- 
assessors fi-oni Wingate Haines' Mill to Pati-i(dc IMc- 
Shea's. also the road leading from Fort Fairfield to 
Pres(|ue Isle near Otis Eastman's. 

*-%'^ . 



(iixt'ii under our luiuds this first day of March, A. 1). 1S54. 

-^, . "l .lonatium Ilopkiuson 

Fhintaiio'.i I a c. n- i i 

(- A. S. Richards 

Assessors I , . . 

j .Jesse S. Averdl 

Aunual I\leeting, Letter I) Plantation, JMarch 19th, 1854. 

Pursuant to the within wai'rant to nie directed I liave noti- 
tied and warned the inhabitants of said plantation. Letter IX 
qualified as therein expressed, to assemble at the time and 
place and for the purposes ^vit!lin mentioned, by posting up an 
attested co})y of sucli warrant at the store of John McClusky, 
being a i)ublic and conspicuous idace in said plantation, on 
Monday, the nijieteenth day of IMarch. being seven days before 
said meeting. 

Mark Trafton, Jr., Constable of said Plantation. 
A True ( 'opy. 

x\ttest : 1). Cummings, Plantation Clerk. 

Primitive Church 
The congregation asseiid;)les. 
Psalm by the })astor. 
Invitation sung l)y choir. 
The congregation dis})erses. 


Shingh' Industry 

This ei)isode will be enacted before and after the pageant 
on either entrance to the grand stancL 


"Asliland for wealth, 

Pi-esque Isle for Pride ; 
If it hadn't been for shingles. 

Fort Fairfield would have dird."" 

The process of shaving shingles by hand. 

The steer team will be driven by Mr. George C. Cary of St. Johns- 
bury, Vt., who, when a young boy. hauled shingles in this way. 


Domestic Life at the Time 

Carding, Reeling, Spinning and Weaving demonstrated 


A Ball in the 'HO's 
Recruiting Officer 
Friends and Relatives 

(Dancei's Do Chorus Jig and \'ii'ginia Keel.) 

(Stage-coachman drives in.) 

Stage-eoachman. — Fort Sumpter fired upon and Pi-csideiit 
Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers! 

Recruiting Officer. — Who will answer to our beloved 
President's call ? 

Men.— I— I— 1—1— 1. etc. 

Reci'uiting Officer. — Vans leave at once for Iloulton. Men 
fall in. 


(Sad lea vc-ta Idiiii: of voluiitcei's. I)('{)art by singing Tlie 
(iif! I l.cft H.-hind Mo.) 

"Fort Fail-field sent 120 of hei- sons to the Civil war. From 
first to last, whetlier tiushed by victory or depressed by disas- 
ter, her sons were ready to brave the dangers of the battle 
field, and, if need ))e, give their lives that the nation might 
live. Her roll of honoi- stands upon the national record. Her 
heroic dead and lier wounded and disabled veterans represent 
almost evei'y famil\' of that day." 

Ellis's History of Fort Fairfield 


('utting fi'om the Loyal Sunrise {)rinted at Presque Isle, 
duly f), LSlif) 

"("elebi'ation at Presfpie Isle, Maine'" 
"At nine o'clock Captain Stevens' company of artillery 
from Foi't Kent came in with colors flying and band playing, 
and was received by our people with demonstrations and aj)- 
plause. The Fort Kent artillery came SO miles to take part 
in the celebration and deserve great credit for their patriotic 
effort. Their battery was stolen, not captured, from them on 
the eve of their leaving for home, by some "border ruffians," 
which deprived us of the pleasure of hearing the national 


Stephen Phi])ps 
Albion Wellington 
Har\ev (Joodhue 


(Stephen Phipps and Albion Wellington drive on Pageant 
grounds and encounter Harvey Goodhue.) 

Harvey Goodhue. — Where to, now, boys? 

Albion Wellington. — Fort Kent, Captain Pattee says the 
old cannon must boom for us on the Fourth and not for 
Presque Isle, and so we are going to get it. 

Harvey Goodhue. — Want any help? 

Stephen Phipps. — Yes. Come on, we may need you. Fire 
crackers for Presque Isle, cannon for Fort Fairfield. 

Albion Wellington. — The old gun is rightfully ours. It 
was taken from Fort Fairfield without authority. 

Stephen Phipps. — Right about face, Goodhue, and we'll 
pick up more help at Violette brook. 

Harvey Goodhue. — All right. You're ac(iuainted with 
Sam Stevens at Fort Kent? 

Stephen Phipps. — Leave it to me, I 've got a scheme to 
work Stevens. 

Albion Wellington. — Jump in, Goodhue. Three cheers 
for Pattee and the old cannon ! 

(Team starts for Fort Kent.) 


(Three days later.) 
Joseph Fisher 
Edward Dorsey 


Dr. Perl^iiis 

Albion Welliiiy:1ou 

Stei)lien Phipps 

11(1 rvey (.Tootlhue 

J esse Drew 

Captain Stephen Pattee 

Sanniel Stevens of Fort Kent 

Pres([ne Isle Men 


(J()sej)li Fisher, Edward Dorsey and Dr. Perkins v/atehingr 
for retni'ti of men with cannon.) 

Joseph Fisiier. — About time the boys were tjetting back! 

Edvrard Dorsey. — Suppose anything has happened? 

Dr. Perkins. — Don't woi'ry. Those fellows ai'e all right, 
and here they eonie now. Hi. there I 

(Albion Wellington, Stei)hen Phipps and Harvey iJoodhue 
ap})roaeh in team with cannon.) 

Albion Wellington. — Hi ! 

Joseph Fishtn'. — You've got it, boys.' 

Stephe)! Phip])s. — Sure thing! The little gun is right with 

Jose|ih Fisher. — How did the game work? 

Albion AVellington. — Slick as blazes. Sam Stevens had 
the cannon out with artillery practising for the Presque Isle 

Stephen Phipps. — Sam worked overtinu' to show us what 
thi^y were going to do 



Hai'vey Gooclliue. — Aiul where the guii was kcj)!. and how 

it was i)erfeeted 

(All laugh.) 

Stephen Phipps. — Now, where will we store it? 

Dr. Perkins. — Pattce and Uncle Jesst' think you had het- 

ter hide it in my eel la i' for the rest of the night. 

All.— All right. 

(Start to hide gun.) 

Joseph Fisher. — You don't think Pi'csque Isle will get (ui 
a hump to find it. do you? 

Albion Wellington. — We'll give them some ehase if the\- 
do. Here's Pattee now and Uncle Jesse with his yellow vest 
and bi-ass buttons. 

All. — Hi there, captain. All orders obeyed. 

Pattee. — We'll wake the slumbers all right on the Third, 
but what is the excitenn-nt of this flying horsenuin? 

Horseman. — Sam Stevens has notified Pres([ue isle of the 
missing gun and he with T)!) men are riding here to capture it. 

Jesse Drew. — Lord a i\lassyl They're after the gun I 

Stephen Philips. — liminy and Simmons! What's to be 
clone ? 

Jesse Drew. — Ti-ust in Pattee. and keej) your powder diy. 
Spread the alarm, and we'll give Sam and his cohorts a warm 

(People assemble with guns. Sam Stevens with Pres(jue 
Isle men drive in.) 


Sam Stevens. — Here, you nitfiaiis, deliver up that gun 
you've stolen ! 

Pattee. — That gun belongs to Fort Fairfield. You have 
MO legal claim to it. 

Sam Stevens. — We have a legal claim; but if that is of no 
avail, by the powers that be, we shall take it by force I 

Pattee. — Force, or no force, if you take the gun you take 
it over our dead bodies. 

Sam Stevens. — Keep your ill-gotten gun. It is better to 
sutt'er wrong than do wrong. l)oys, about face ! 

Pattee and followers sing: 

"Sam Stevens with his hundred men 

Came riding on their horses, 
rUit 'twarn't no use, they stood no show 

With Fort Fairfield bosses." 



Coming of the Swedes with AV. W. Thomas 

The Sw(M!ish iiinnigi-ation was the first and only immigi-a- 
tion planned and carritMl out by a State. Hon. W. W. Thomas, 
ex-consul to Sweden in lS(i;5, was chosen to carry out thi:" 
gi'eat enterprise. 

■"Fortliis new impulse in the great primary life of settle- 
nu'iit the State is i)rincii)ally indebted to the skill an.d uidiring 
efl'oi'ts of t!ie Commissioner of Imiingi'ation, W. \V. Thomas. 
who has on both sides of the Atlanti<' devoted himself 1o IIk' 
cause in a way woi'thy the thanks of tin- State." 


"The colonj' consisted of 51 Swedes. Each man brought 
credentials from his pastor. In this way the colony was a 
colony of picked men with their wives and families. They 
brought with them their pastor, their Sabbath and church ob- 
servances. On July 22d, they arrived at Tobicpie, and drove 
across to Fort Fairfield, the first American town. 

"It is pleasant to witness the interest with which Sweden, 
the Mother country, watched over the welfare of her sons and 
daughters in this distant land. The governor of the State of 
Maine received this letter from the Swedish parliament : — 

"All your promises to our people have been kept and 
have even been surpassed by your. generosity. What Ave have 
lost from the fatherland will not then have been lost to human- 
ity. God bless your land." 

(This episode is enacted by the Swedish colony from New 
Sweden, Maine, led by Hon. W. W. Thomas, who has lately re- 
turned to this country Avith his Avife and family to visit old 
friends. Mrs. Thomas and the tAvo sons Avill also participate 
in this scene. Hon. Albert A. Burleigh of Houlton, imperson- 
ates his father, Avho Avas land agent at the time.) 


Hon. W. W. Thomas 

Hon. Albert A. Burleigh 

•Judge William Small 

Swedish Pastor 


Fort Fairfield ToAvnspeople 

Preparation of Entertainment for the SAvedish Colony by 
the peoj)le of Fort Fairfield. 


Their arrival. Dinner servetl b.y the ladies of the town. 
Address of welcome by Judge William Small. Speech by 
Hon. \V. \V. Thomas. A prayer of thanksgiving by the pastor 
of the colony. Swedish hymn sung by the immigrants. Their 
d(q)arture through Caribou to New Sweden. 


Coming of the Railroad 

' ' November 18, 1875, was a red letter day for Fort Fair- 
field by the publication of the first newspax^er and the arrival 
of the first train connecting Fort Fairfield with the outside 
world by rail.'" 

Ellis's History of Fort Fairfield 


Judge William Snmll 

Hon. Alexander Gibson, Presitlent New I>runswick Railway 

Hon. William Widderburne, Speaker of the Provincial House 

of Assembly 
( 'anadian Guests ' 


(Townsi)eoi>le assemble to see first train steam into Fort 
Fairfield. The train arrives on bank across river. The hoist- 
ing of the Stars and Stripes and Union Jack together. 
S])eeches made by })i'ominent men.) 

Judge William Small. — "Fellow townspeople: The stay 
ol our friends is necessarily short, as the cars are to leave at 
six o'clock, in which they are to return, but before they leave 
it is desirable to have a friendly interchange of thought and 
congratulations, so 1 shall call on our distinguished visitors: 


'-• 1%'^-''* 

liMif*^ •«■»«««■ 

Hon. Alexander Gibson, President of the Xe^v Brunswiek Rail- 
road. Hon. William Widderbnrne, Speaker of the Provincial 
House of Assembly. 

Hon. Alexander Gibson: — "Ladies and Gentlenu-n : I am 
happy to meet this pleasant company on this pleasant occa- 
sion. One year ago 1 visited this county and Fort Fairfield. 
I then had an interview with citizens of this tow^n and 
promised them that upon their performance of certain condi- 
tions, Ave would have a train of cars in this village in the 
month of November, 1875. We are here with the cars on the 
last day of the month. In one year from today, if not before, 
we intend to water the 'iron horse' at Caribou. I thank you, 
ladies and gentlemen, for this grand demonstration in honor 
of the New Brunswick Railway." 

Hon. William Widderbnrne. — "It is in the interests of 
(peace we make railroads, not of war. They should bind to- 
gether in bonds of love and good will distant people, 
cement friendships already existing and create new reasons 
why Avar Avitli its garments rolled in blood shall never again 
rear its hideous form and stalk over the tAvo empires, one of 
our Queen Victoria and the other the land of Abraham Lin- 

Judge Small. — Xoav, if our honorable guests with theii- 
friends Avill rei)air to the ToAvn Hall, they Avill find dinner 
served for them by the ladies of the village. 

(Note — The above speeches are the originals taken from 
{: copy of the Fort Fairfield Aurora, Avhose first issue came out 
on that day.) 


A Symbolic dance of the Potato Trade Avith Ncav P^nglaiid. 


The Middle Atla.itie States, The Sunny Sonth and Cuba. 

The Aroostook Potato Girl "Hesitates" with the I^oston 
Market, "Pox Trots" with New York, "Cake Walks" with 
the Knnny South, Does the "S{)anish AValtz" with Cuba. 

Aroostook potatoes have been shii)ped at some time to 
every State in the Cnion, also to South America, but the bulk 
of the potato business is with the New England and JMiddle 
Atlantic States, the South and Cuba. 


Aroostook Potato Industry 

Review of the Potato Industry from its earliest methods, 
l>eg'inning with : — 

The Man with the Hoe 

The Hand Fork Digger 

The Sulky Plow 

The Potato Planter 

The Riding Cultivator 

The Riding Two-Row Hoe 

The Three-Cylinder Sprayer 

The Hoover Digger 

The Automatic Sorter 

Marketing on Pall-P>earing Jiggers 

To do his shopping the Aroostook farmer brings his fam- 
ily to town in his automobile. 

The figures below show the growth of the Aroostook i)ota- 
1o market from 1S94-10L5, inclusive: — 

1895 1,903,521 buslnds 

1899 3,478,616 bushels 


U)U1 5;i65,421 bi/.shels 

19U;; 6,411,082 bushels 

11)0.') 9,270,446 busiiels 

1!H)7 7,208,214 bushels 

1!)0!I 11.835,410 busliels 

1910 18,094.3r)S ])ushe]s 

1911 16,806,797 bushels 

1912 14,454.102 bushels 

191;! 20,226,508 bushels 

1^14 17,822,482 bushels 

1915 14,967,859 bushels 

In 1915 the i)()tat() business done in Aroostook county 
lacked very little of $15,000,000. 

The snuill and unsalable potatoes are used in the fall foi' 
starch, also souietiiiu's those on hand at the end of tlie ship- 
ping season. The Aroostook starch business varies from 1.000 
to 2,000 tons a season. 


A Symbolic Dance 

Electricity Harnesses the Spirit of the Falls. Its Struggle 
with the Wild Elements and its Final Victory over Them. 

Five nnles below Fort Fairfield on the Aroostook river 
are the Aroostook falls. Until 1907 the sjjot was one of 
l)ictures(pie bcaidy, attracting the tourist and the pleasure 
seeker. In that year Mr. Arthur (lonld of Pres(pn' Isle. JMainc. 
having secured a charter from the New IJrunswick Legislature, 
installed there a power station un(b:'r the name of the Maine 
& Xew r.runswick Electrical Fow(U' (V)mi)any. To-day the 
company lights the following towns: Fort Fairfield, Pres(pie 
Isle, Houlton. Mapleton, Maplegrove, Limestone, Van Buren, 




Waslibiirii, Hritlgewalcr, Easlon. .Moiitierlk), and Ihtdgdo'.i, 
ou the Maine si(lt% and St. Leonards, Grand Falls, Andoxcr asid 
I'erth on the New Brunswicdv side. It also sn])plies current 
to the Aroostook Valley Railway, and is as yet using only 
about one third of the available ])ow(U-. 


Fort Fairti(dd of the Present Views the (ri-and Old Pasi 
and Strettdu's out her efficient Arms to Posterity and the 

(Fort Fairfield entei'S in wlnte chariot reining a s])aii of 
white horses. At her side, walk the symbols for which ^,lu^ 
stands, Education. Religion, Fraternity and Agriculture. Then 
>-ome her neighboi'ing towns. Caribou, Pres([ue Isle, Linu-stone, 
Easton, Houlton, Mars Hill, Plaine, New Sweden, Van Pui-en. 
and Fort Kent. Together they view the glorious j)ast — the 
long procession of events which re])resent also the nmking of 
any one of the sister towns.) 

Majestically the procession wends its way past the white 
ehariot down the green valley of the Aroostook, while the Cen- 
tennial Hymn is being sung by a thousand voices. Puglers 
announce Posterity, a beautiful girl clad in white. She brings 
to Fort Fairfield her future — -'^00 efficient school children, who 
lovingly crown her. 

"Honu' of our childhood, live for aye. 

Ours till death and ours alway!" 
"And the Star Spangled Panner in triumph shall wave 
O'er the land of the free and the honu' of tln^ brave." 



013 983 692 3 


Governor Curtis, Portland, Maine 

Hon. Carl E. Milliken, Island Palls, Maine 

Senator Johnson, Waterville, Maine 

Hon. F. E. Guernsey, Dover, Maine 

Hon. Frank C. Ames, Machias, Maine 

,Rev. T. W. Fessenden, Harborside, Maine 

Mr. George C. Gary, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Mrs. Florence E. W. Bliss, Worcester, Mass. 

Hon. M. N. Drew, Portland, Maine 

Hon. Willis E. Parsons, Foxcroft, Maine 

Hon. F. M. Drew, Lewiston, Maine 

Hon. J. B. Madigan, Houlton, Maine 

Hon, A. A. Burleigh, Houlton, Maine 

Mr. Howard Safford, Mars Hill, Maine 

Hon. W. H. Dilling, Easton, Maine 

Mr. Charles F. Daggett, Presque Isle, Maine 

Mr. Arthur R. Gould, Presque Isle, Maine 

Major A. W. Spaulding, Caribou, Maine 

Mr. H. D. Collins, Caribou, Maine 

Mr. Fred F. Spear, Limestone, Maine 

Hon. Nicholas Fessenden, Fort Fairfield, Maine 

Hon. H. W. Trafton, Fort Fairfield, Maine 

Hon. Percy R. Todd, Bangor, Maine 

Hon. W. W. Thomas, Portland^ Maine 

Mr. E. K. Guild, Fort Fairfield, Maine 

Dr. W. D. Kinney, Osterville, Mass. 

Dr. A. D. Sawyer, Fort Fairfield, Maine 

Florence C. Porter, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Mr. A. G. Fenlason, Fort Kent, Maine 

Hon. P. C. Keegan, Van Buren, Maine