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Centennial Pageant 
Fort Fairfield, Maine... 

Pageant Book 


Historic Pageant 


Fort Fairfield 


The Aroostook Valley 

Produced at the 

Celebration of the Centennial of the 
First Settlement 


Fort Fairfield, Maine 
August 8, 9 and 10, 1916 


Miss Eva Winnifred Scates 

Music by 
PuUen's Orchestra, Bangor 

Citizens' Band, Fort Fairfield 

New Sweden Band 

Millinocket Band 

Copyright, August, 1916 

All Rights Reserved 

AUG 28 I9!6 

"IRevicw" iPres0 
Jf ovt jpairflclJ, nCatnc 

S)C!,D 4475(3 



^ Miss Eva Winnifred Scates 

Emerson College of Oratory 


Miss Minnie McNelly 

Wellesley College 


Mr. D. Weaver Parks 
University of Maine 


Miss Eva Scates Mrs. N. Fessenden 

Rev. W. A. Richmond George P. Ashby 

W. J. Bradley Bertrand A. Loane 


Mrs. R. F. Thurlough Miss Eva Scates 

Mrs. G. E. Bartlett Mrs. A. P. Libby 

Mrs. H. W. Varney Mrs. Kate K. Estes 

Mrs. E. E. Holt 


H. C. Buxton Hon. N. Fessenden 

W. S. Davidson Mrs. H. W. Varney 

Mrs. E. E. Hacker Mrs. H. W. Trafton 

W. T. Spear 


Miss Hope Ames 
Costumes furnished by 

The Geo. P. Raymond Costume Company, 

Boston, Mass. 


Rev S M. Bowles, President; Mrs. N. Fessenden. Secretary; H. B. 

Kilburn, Treasurer; A. O. French. E. E. Scates, Mrs. G. E. Bartlett, 

Mrs. E. S. Hopkins, Mrs. H. G. Richards, C. C. Harvey, A. F. Goodhue, 

J. S. Williamson. D. W. Haines. 


Committee on Appointments Rev. S. M. Bowles 

Committee on History ^- ^- Ashby 

Committee on Finance A. F. Goodhue 

Committee on Publicity C. C. Harvey 

Committee on Properties H. C. Buxton 

Committee on Invitations Rev. W. A. Richmond 

Committee on Pageant Grounds 

The General Committee and Miss Eva Scates 

Committee on Costumes Mrs. R. F. Thurlough 

Committee on Music Mrs. W. A. Richmond 

Committee on Decorations Dr. W. G. Chamberlain 

Committee on Entertainment G- W. Currier 

Committee on Dramatization Miss Eva Scates 

Committee on Transportation D. W. Haines 

Committee on Attractions ^- H- ^°^^ 

Committee on Cast Rev. W. A. Richmond 

Committee on Markers R- N. Wallace 

Committee on Illumination H. D. Stevens 

Miss Eva W. Scates. Emerson College of Oratory, Director of Pageant 
Miss Minnie McNelly, Wellesley College, Instructor in Dancing 


The pageant of Fort Fairfield and the Aroostook valley is 
presented not only for the purpose of commemorating the 
100th anniversary of the town of Fort Fairfield, but also of 
imparting to the minds of the present generation a knowledge 
of the historic past and of awakening in them a keen apprecia- 
tion of the town's groAvth and progress. 

To a certain extent what has been true of Fort Fairfield's 
prosperity has also been true of her sister county towns. 

The committee on dramatization have tried to select the 
salient points from the mass of accumulated history which will 
portray the town's development. 

Many of the speeches delivered by the participants are 
cuttings from the original and much of the dialogue embraces 
original sayings. 

Much attention has been given to the choosing of charac- 
ters in order that the episodes of the past may be enacted by a 
generation of the present who practically represent the first 

Thus it is with reverence and respect that our townspeo- 
ple give to you the story of their community. 

The Director. 


♦♦I«»t«*J»»J«»J»^*»J»»J»*J»*J»<fr^*^^*»»*»***t*»i'***********"*^«*t*n ♦J»»J"J»*J»^*»J»^»I»»J«*}t»J>»J«*J»*J«»J»*J*»J»»J» 

®ut Creeb 

t * 

r * 

♦j* '"We believe in our Community. ^ 

f "We believe in its Past — in the men and ♦ 

♦I* »% 

♦♦♦ women who have lived before us, whose toil ♦ 

♦ ' ♦;« 

♦♦♦ made the land productive, whose foresight ♦ 

*;* founded our schools, Avhose devotion builded ♦ 

*♦* our churches. ♦ 

i* -r • • *> 

f "We believe in its Present — in the men ♦> 

*»* ♦J* 

*{* and w^omen and children about us. We believe f 

^* that there is nothing for the good of our town j* 

*:* which working together we can not accom- ♦ 

t i)lish. ♦ 

f ' ' We believe in its Future — in the men and *> 

T *** 

X women M'ho will come after us. We believe *> 

t that out of our hopes and labors noAv v.ill *> 

I; grow a Com,munity, democratic, prosperous *> 

I; and strong, an honor to our State and to our *> 

f -Nation." * 

t * 

»;«»j.»j.»jf^ »j**j.^*»*«»j. ♦♦«♦♦« ij.************^ .♦♦»♦♦»♦«♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦« ♦♦♦♦♦♦»^^ 



The Spirit of the Wild reigns supreme in dance. 


The Spirit of Man — the stalwart Indians fish and hunt in 
the untrodden forests. They come from the Tobique Valley. 


Scene I — English lumber agents brand the King's Broad 
Arrow on the tall pines for His Majesty's ships. 

Scene II — Canadian lumbermen come to cut the tall Pines. 
Scene III — First settlers arrive — the Dorseys, Fitzher- 
bei'ts and Russells. 


Scene I — Captain Rhines with Sheriff Strickland and 
\'olunteers come and arrest Canadian lumbermen for 

Scene II — -Reenforcements from Canadian side arrest 
Captain F^hines. Strickland escapes. 

Scene 111 — Strickland and Land Agent Mclntyre at Fitz- 
herbert Inn — Canadians take Mclntyre but Strickland again 
escapes — Young Warren Johnston's attempt to notify Ameri- 
can officers of Canadian intentions. 

Scene IV — Captain Parrott and State Militia arrive. They 
build a Fort and for their beloved Governor call it Fort 

Scene V — United States Regulars arrive with Captain 
Van Xess — Webster-Ashburton Treaty. 

Treaty Dance. 


Primitive Town-meeting. 
Primitive Church. 

Shingle Industry. Domestic life at the time. 


A ball in the '60 's interrupted by Stage-coachman who an- 
nounces ''Fort Sumpter tired upon!"' Recruiting officer calls 
for Volunteers. Fort Fairfield's response. 


Scene I — Plot to get Cannon from Fort Kent on hearing 
of Presque Isle's intention of firing it on the 4th of July. 

Scene II — Return of men with famous old Gun and the ar- 
rival of Samuel Stevens and 50 Presque Isle men to take it by 


Coming of Swedes with Hon. W. W. Thomas — Fort Fair- 
field the first American town through which they passed. 

("oming of the Railroad. 


A symbolic dance of Potato trade with New England, the 
Sunny South and Cuba. 


Potato Industry — early and modern methods of raising 
the famous Aroostook potato. 


Harnessing of the Spirit of Aroostook Falls by the Spirit 
of Electricity. 


Fort Fairfield of the Present views the Grand Old Past 
and stretches out her efficient arms to Posterity and the 




The Wilderness 

The Hills 

The Forests 

The Valley and Flowers 

The River and Falls 

The Whirlwind 
From an Indian Lodge 

Brooks C. Peters 

Titto Mattel 


Fr. Chopin 


Scene 1 

Rule Britannia 

Scene 2 

Xo music 

Scene 3 

No music 


Indian Melody 

Harmonized by Prof. Fillmore 





Scene 1 


Scene 2 

No music 

Scene 3 

No music 

Scene 4 


Scene 5 

British Grenadiers 

Yankee Doodle 

Coronation March from "The Prophet" Mej'erbier 


Coronation March from "The Prophet" Meyerbier 


Scene 1 

No music 

Scene 2 

Hymn, Invitation. 

Come, My Beloved, Haste Away. 


Old Melodies 


The Chorus Jig 

The Virginia Reel 

The Girl I Left Behind Me 


Scene 1 
Xo music 
Scene 2 
Pa rod V of Fort Fairfield Men 

Swedish Hymn 

Xo music 

The Corn Song 
C'ecile Waltz 
Ragging the Scale 
Dixie Land 
Warming Up in Dixie 
La Bayamesa 

Xo music 




German Air 


Clay pole 

E. T. Paull 
iCuban Xational Air 

Thanliouser March 

Centennial Hymn 
Star Spangled Banner 



JMusic bv 

Pullen's Orchestra 

A. W. Sprague, Conductor 


Fort Fairfield Hand 

Maurice C. Kiiowles, Leader 
August 8th, 9th and 10th 

Millinoeket Band 
August 8 

Xew Sweden Band 

Walter Hedman, Leader 
August 10 



Authors of Maine-New Brunswick Boundary Treaty, 1842 

aroo0tooJ^ in ipoettc Xeoent) 

By Ellen M. Gary 

Ye wiio love a country's legends, 

Love to hear its old traditions, 

All its folk-lore, wild and wayward. 

Of its early toils and struggles, 

Of its growth and its achievements 

Listen to this simple story. 

Told in language weak and homely. 

Told with little skill in song craft. 

I repeat it as I heard it 

From the lips of feeble old men, 

So. my sisters, pause and listen 

To the story of this northland. 

Of this cold and dreary northland. 

Lang and icy is the winter, 

"All the land with snow is covered. 

Covered deep with crusted snow drifts. 

Motionless are all the rivers. 

Hard as stone becomes the water." 

Short and lovely is the summer: 

Then the land with green is covered. 

Gold and green of growing harvests. 

Singing, onward rush the rivers; 

Then the land is full of beauty. 

"But in days long since forgotten. 
In the unremembered ages," 
All this land was crowned with forests. 
With the tall and stately pine tree. 
With the ash and birch and maple. 
Never feet of white man trod here. 
Never white man's boat had sailed here, 
■ But the red man found this river, 


Sailed his bark canoe upon it, 

Saw it flashing in the sunlight, 

Hurrying to the big sea water," 

And he named it "The Aroostook." 

Name, with his interpretation. 

Would he call it "The Good Rivers." 

Many moons the red man lived here. 

Fishing in these lakes and rivers, 

Hunting in these mighty forests. 

But at last the wily white men 

Came and saw these lofty pine trees 

On the banks of the Aroostook, 

Saw how they could cut those giants. 

Float them down on the "good river," 

Sell them to their English neighbor^, 

Bring home "Bank of England" money 

To support their wives and children; 

Saw how when the trees were cut down. 

They could build a little cabin. 

Plant their corn and their potatoes. 

So they came with hope and courage. 

With no roads to guide their footsteps, 

All their road was "The Good River." 

Came the Russells and Fitzherberts 

Came the Lovelys, and the Dorseys, 

Came the Bishops and the Johnstons. 

In the woodland rang their axes 

Cutting down the mighty forests. 

Planting, reaping scanty harvests. 

Catching salmon in the river. 

Shooting deer and moose for venison. 

Thus they lived their lives so peaceful 

In the heart of the great forest. 

Never tidings came to fright them 

From the great world far beyond them. 

Till one day they heard in winter. 

Heard a tramping in the forest, 

Heard men's voices loud and angry. 

Heard these words of wrath and threatening: 

"Children, cease your constant thieving! 

Robbing Maine of all her pine trees!" 

And the settlers stood and faced them. 

In their faces stern defiance. 

Spake disdainfully in this wise: 

"Nay! to us belong the pine trees, 


All this wealth belongs to England. 

Come not sneaking through the forest. 

Go back to the men who sent you! 

Or we'll slay you as you stand there!" 

Then they seized the brave (?) commander. 

Took him to an English prison. 

But his men in haste retreated 

Through the snow-encumbered forest, 

Backward to the men who sent them. 

Told the story of their treatment. 

Of their leader, now a prisoner. 

How they all had been insulted. 

Then as one arose the people, 

Burned with wrath their hearts within them, 

"We'll defend our northern border." 

Hastily they raised an army, 

Through the forest came the soldiers. 

Armed with all their warlike weapons, 

Reached the shores of the Aroostook, 

Built the earthworks and the block-house 

To repel the base usurpers. 

Now the English were not idle. 

They had heard a proclamation 

From the Governor of New Brunswick 

To be ready to do battle. 

So they decked themselves in war gear 

Anxious to obey the summons. 

Thus they both were armed for battle. 

Only waiting to hear "Forward!" 

When Gen. Scott, the great commander. 

Heard of all their preparation. 

Heard of the impending battle. 

Then he called the chiefs in council, 

To decide on ways more peaceful. 

Saying: "I am weary of this bloodshed, 

Wasih the warpcsint from your faces. 

Bury all those cruel weapons. 

All your strength is in your union. 

All your danger is in discord. 

Therefore be at peace henceforward 

And as brothers live together." 

So they did as he commanded. 

Buried all their bloodless weapons 

On the shores of the Aroostook. 

Then the council fixed the boundary, 


Saying to the British province. 
"Here thou shalt come, and no farther," 
And to Maine, "Here is your border. 
This side may you live and labor." 
Then the country grew and prospered. 
Every year brought new arrivals. 
Hardy men and loyal women. 
True, their lives were full of hardship. 
Toil in summer and in winter, 
Sometimes famine looked in on them, 
Only looked, but never entered. 
Thus they toiled, in hope of plenty 
For the children who came after. 

Now, my sisters, pause and ponder, 

Think how years have wrought such changes: 

Gone the earthworks and block-houses. 

Gone the spotted line and log house. 

Cozy dwellings, schools and churches 

Stand on the banks of "The Good River." 

E'en the roads built with such labor 

Soon became too long and tiresome. 

So across the fathers' acres 

Gleams the steel track of the engine. 

Where once echoed cries of wild beasts. 

Hear the wild shriek of the iron horse. 

Even steam became too laggard. 

We must speak to friends afar off. 

We must send our voices from us 

To those who are at a distance. 

So the tall trunks of the cedar. 

Stripped of all their limbs and verdure. 

Stand like sentinels on duty. 

Bound with bands of steel together. 

Over whicli we send our message. 

Here I end my simple story. 

Told with little skill of poetry, 

Told in language poor and homely. 

To the club I leave this message, 

To the club, the Philomathian, 

Blessings on you, oh, my sisters! 

All your well remembered faces 

And your deeds and words of kindness 

I shall carry in my memory 

Through the days and weeks of absence. 



Keep who will the city's alleys, 

Take the smooth shorn plain : 
Give to us the cedai- valleys, 

Rocks and hills of Maine. 
In our northland wild and woody 

Let us still have part. 
Hugged nurse and mother sturdy 

Hold us to thy heart. 

— John Greenleaf Whittier 

From the orchestra conies the motif of the wilderness. 
Suddenly from the wooded hill to the left appears a rough 
and tawny man clad onl}^ in skins, haughty in manner, show- 
ing distinctly his supremacy over the great unpeopled wild. 
He is the Spirit of the Wilderness. To him he calls the hills, 
the cedars and the pines, then the beautiful green valley with 
its many colored flowers, ami running along beside it, the rip- 
pling river with its dashing falls. At his call conu^ these 
spirits and bow in utter submission to their great supreme. 
■"Dance."' he cries, "Show me the Spirit of the Wilderness!'' 
^lajestically moves the l)rown hills with their mist-cov(M'ed 


tops ; then sways the stately pines and cedars, and the valley 
with its river and falls running among the hills. The little 
flowers play gleefully with each other. Supreme reigns the 
wild, but hark, from the river bank comes an unfamiliar 





The Spirit of the Wild starts. The dance stops. At that 
moment appears to the right a stalwart Indian. With him he 
carries a bow and arrow. The Spirit of Man has come to con- 
quer the Wilderness. The valley and river greet him, since 
he paddles up the rippling water in his birch canoe ; but the 
Spirit of the Wild with the hills and forests defy him. He 
pulls the string of his bow. and out shoots the arrow. It hits 
the Spirit of the Wild and wounds him ; and sorrowfully the 
sturdy hills and forests carry him away staggering from his 
trespassed country. 



The Spirit of tlie Wild 

The Hills 

The Pines 

The Cedai's 

The Valley 

The River 

The Falls 

The Flowers 

The Spirit of Man 


The Spirit of ^lan calls to his red-skinned braves, who 
eonie in canoes from the Tobique valley. They seek the deer 
and the caribou. With their birch horns, they give the moose 
call. A response comes from the wooded hill. Stealthily 
they run with their bows and arrows to shoot the much-sought- 
for prey, while the squaws pitch the camp and prepare the fire 
for the cooking of the meat. They sing as they work. The 
Indians return carrying with them a young deer. The meal 
is prepared. The leader is called to perform the usual sacred 
rites observed before the serving of food. Every man bows 
his head. The leader lifts from the pile of meat a bit and 
I'aises it toward the sky as an offering to Wakonda. After 
the repast is over, they dance the old Indian Snake Dance, 
and return in their canoes to their wigwamed village on the 


The Spirit of ]\Ian 



Tho otlier pai'ticipaiils in tliis cpisodf ai-e Canadian In- 
dians from the Tobiciue \'alley Reservation, all descendaids 
fi'oni the original tribe. 


(Eiiglish lumber agents i)ole np the Aroostook river iu 
bateaux to brand the big pines for the King's navy. As they 
ajiproaeh they are singing Rule Britannia.) 

( 'haracters 
A Captain 
A Lieutenant 
Two men 

Captain. — Rest youi' oai's. I'ehold the Pines! Si)ars loi- 
His ^Majesty's ships I 

Lieutenant. — Ai-e you i)ositive, captain, that these are 
Avithin His Majesty's land and that we are north the parallel? 

Captain. — Positive or not, we shall spot the best that 
stands. It is ours for the taking. 

Lieutenant. — Well said, my captain, the best is none too 
good for His ^lajesty's service, be it north or south. (]\Ien 

Captain. — ]Men. have you obeyed orders.' 

Men. — Captain, we have. 

Captain. — Good. Let no man under penalty of England's 
law dare fell a tree marked by His ]Majesty's broad arrow ! To 
the Boat. 




(Canadian lumbermen approach in tow boat to cut big 

Boss of the crew 
12 men 

Boss. — Here is a grand chance and no mistake. 

Man. — Hold, Boss ; these trees are spotted for the King. 
See the broad arrow. 

Boss. — Spotted for the King? Nonsense! Remember $10 
a ton, and we split even. Follow me. 

(Lumber operations start.) 

(In the meantime boats are seen passing up the river.) 


First Settlers 1816 

"Michael Russell was undoubtedly the first to locate. His 
settlement was upon the south side of the Aroostook river. 
James Fitzherbert is given the credit of being the next settler. 
He located at the mouth of the Fitzherbert brook. The next 
on the same side of the river was John Dorsey. '' 

Ellis's History of Fort Fairtield 

(The Russells come on horseback.) 

Michael Russell 
Phebe Russell, his wife 
Year-old child 


Michael Russell. — Hero we are, a nice clearing and spring 
water near by. 

Phebe Russell. — It's the best we've seen. You build the- 
shelter and I'll prepare the supper. 

(James Fitzherbert and family arrive in ox-cart.) 


James Fitzherbert 

Bridget Fitzherbei't, his wife 

Two sons 

Michael Russell. — AVelcome, stranger, welcome to these 
l)arts. Glad to have you with us. 

James Pltzherbert. — Thanks, neighbor, thanks. We shall 
not be so lonely here. 

(John Dorsey and wife come up the river in a canoe.) 


John Dorsey 

Hannah Dorsey, his wife 

Small boy 

Michael Russell. — Another stranger, welcome. There is 
a good clearing just above. 

John Dorsey. — Thanks for your kind welcome. We'll 
soon have quite a settlement here. 



"After the war of 1812, the British claimed the whole of 
the upper part of the vast valley of the St. John. They de- 


iiiaiided nil the- laiul above the -iGtli tlegree of north latitude, 
which ii;elud:d a>)out one-third of what was supposed to be 
the territory of Maine. The question in dispute Avas referred 
to William, King of Netherlands, and he decided in favor of a 
line which the treaty did not indicate, and of which neither 
of the parties had thoughl. Tlie people of Maine were indig- 
nant at this decision. The national government, anxious to 
avoid war, generously olfered Maine a million acres of land 
in JMichigan in exchange for the territory she would thus lose. 
This offer was declined and prolonged negotiations ensued. 
The territory in dispute became the prey of plunderers. 'I'he 
region of the Aroostook river was robbed of its most valuable 
timber. The State legislature in secret session authorized 
Sheriff Strickland to raise a force of volunteers, drive off the 
trespassers, and seize their teams. The command was placed 
under ("a])tain Stover Rhines."' 

Abbott and Elwell's History of Elaine 



Captain Stover Rhines 

Sheriff Strickland 


(Captain Rhines, Shei'iff Strickland and Volunteers 

Captain Stover Rhines. — Halt I We have caught the tres- 
passers at their thieving. Men, by the order of our governor, 
seize the lumber and the teams. 

(Arrest and seizures are made. Several lumbermen es- 
cape to the Canadian side.) 


"Governor Harvey of New Brunswick issued a proclama- 
tion declaring British territory had been invaded, and sent a 
communication to the governor of Maine that he was instruct- 
ed by the British governor to hold exclusive jurisdiction over 
the disputed territory." 

Abbott and Elwell's History of Maine 



Captain Stover Rhines 
Sheriff Strickland 
Several Volunteers 
Canadian Sheriff 
Canadian Men 

(Captain Rhines and Sheriff Strickland -with Volunteers 
encounter Canadian Sherjff with men.) 

Canadian Sheriff. — By what authority do you interfere 
with Canadians on their own territory? 

Captain Rhines. — Their own territory, how so? 

Canadian Sheriff'. — This is His Majesty the King's land. 
For the 46th parallel is the true boundary line ; therefore you 


Captain Khines. — \W the Treaty of Ghent the St. John 
was made the houndary, and we are not ti-espassers. It is yon 
that trespass. 

Canadian Sheritt'. — You lie 1 and in the name of the British 
Government. I arrest you. Men, seize these Yankee meddlers, 

(Sheriff Strickland escapes.) 

"Land Agent Mclntyre was among the first upon the dis- 
puted territory. James Fitzherbert was able to afford the best 
inn accommodations and Mclntyre with Sheriff Strickland was 
stopping there. At this time Mr. Johnston had sent his son 
to Tobique with a grist. There he learned that a party was 
being organized to go to Fitzherbert 's inn and capture the 
American officers. He started with the grist to give the alarm, 
but the Canadians on their way to the inn overtook him find 
held him back. " ' 


Sheriff Strickland 
Land Agent Mclntyre 
Canadian Sheriff" with Men 
Warren Johnston 

(Sheriff* Strickland and Mclntyre are coming from t\a: 

Sheriff' Strickland. — I'm getting tired of this camping in 
tlie woods and on boughs. 

Land Agent i\rclntyre. — 1, too. Let's try Fitzherbert s 

Sheriff Strickland. — It's the best shelter here. 



(("aiuulian Sheriff and men appea/'.) 

Canadian Sheriff. — Hi, you Yankee spies. We arrest you 
in the name of His Majesty the king. They seize Melntyre. 

Land Agent McTfityre. — Kun, Strickland, I'un. 

Canadian Sheriff'. — (to men) Don't let that man escape. 
We want both of them. Catch him I 

Canadian ]\Ian. — Catch him? Catch that man? I'm no 
l)looming race horse — that's Strickland. 

(Strickland escapes.) 


Captain Parrott 
State Militia 

(Captain Parrott and State Militia arrive.) 

Captain Parrott. — On yonder hill we'll erect a fort, and 
for our beloved governor, Ave '11 call it Fort Fairfield. Men, 
mount the cannon on the summit and plant Old Glory. For- 
ward, March ! 

(Flag Raising and Salute.) 

Fort Fairfield! Fort Fairfield! Fort Fairfield! 

"In the year 1842 Lord Ashburton came to Washington, 
the Pritish ambassador authorized to form a new treaty for 
the settlement of the boundary. Commissioners were appoint- 
ed to confer with Lord Ashburton and Secretary Daniel 
Webster upon this subject. The question was brouglit to an 
amicable settlement." 

Abbott and Elwell's Histor\' of Maine 

Captain Van Ness 
Lieutenant Rieketts 
Ihiited States Regulars 
Canadian Captain 

Canadian Troops 
Secretary Daniel Webster 
Lord Ashburton 

(United States Regulars under Captain Van Ness and 
Lieutenant Rieketts march on to Pageant grounds. Canadian 
rinlcoats under Captain join the American troops. From the 
right comes Daniel Webster. From the left Lord Ashburton.) 



The Treaty Dance — the coming of peace. 




State of Maine 

To JMark Trafton, Jr., Constable. 

You are hereby requested to notify and warn the legal 
voters of Letter D Plantation [now Fort Fairfield] to meet at 
the schoolhouse at the Fort in said Plantation on Monday, the 
twenty-seventh day of March, at one o'clock in the afternoon, 
to act ui)on the following articles, viz: — 
Lst. To choose a moderator to preside at said meeting. 


2d. To choose a Plantation Clerk. 
'Ad. To choose Assessors. 
4tli. To choose a school coniniittee. 
5th. To choose all other necessary officers. 
6th. To act upon any other business that may properly 

come before said meeting. 
7th. To see what sum of money the plantation will raise for 

support of schools. 
8th. To see how much money the plantation will raise for 

nuiking and repairing roads and highways. 
9th. To see if the plantation will vote that the school com- 
mittee and assessors district the plantation into six 
school districts. 
10th. To see what sum of money teachers in plantation 
schools shall receive as weekly wages, and if they 
shall board around. 
11th. To see if the taxes can be paid in ©ats at twenty-five 

cents per bushel and buckwheat at tAvo shillings. 
12th. To see if the unpaid taxes of 1853 can be paid in road 

work at 12 cents per hour for men and oxen. 
13th. To see if bids will be accepted for care of the poor. 
14th. To see if collection of taxes be set up at auction and 

sold to highest bidder. 
15th. To see if the plantation will vote to sell the public lots 

to settlers for not less than .$1.00 per acre. 
16th. To see if the plantation will accept a road laid out by 
assessors from Wingate Haines' Mill to Patrick Mc- 
Shea 's, also the road leading from F'oi't Fairfield to 
Presque Isle near Otis Eastman's. 


Given under our hands this first day of March, A. D. 1854. 

^, . ^ Jonathan Hopkinson 

rlantation I » o, -r,- , 

r A. S. Richards 

Assessors i -^ .^ , 

J Jesse b. Averili 

Annual Meeting, Letter D Phmtation, March 19th, 1854. 

Pursuant to the within warrant to me directed I have noti- 
fied and warned the inhabitants of said plantation, Letter D. 
qualified as therein expressed, to assemble at the time and 
place and for the purposes within mentioned, by posting up an 
attested copy of such warrant at the store of John McClusky, 
being a public and conspicuous place in said plantation, on 
Monday, the nineteenth day of March, being seven days before 
said meeting. 

Mark Trafton, Jr., Constable of said Plantation. 
A True Copy. 

Attest : B. Cummings, Plantation Clerk. 


Primitive Church 

The congregation assembles. 

Psalm by the pastor. 

Invitation sung by choir. 


The congregation disperses. 


Shingle Industry 

This episode will be enacted before and after thf^ pageant 
on either entrance to the grand stand. 


''Ashland for Avealth, 

Presque Isle for Pride ; 
If it hadn't been for shingles. 

Fort Fairlield wonld have died." 

The process of shaving shingles by hand. 

The steer team will be driven by Mr. George C. Gary of St. Johns- 
bury, Vt., who, when a young boy, hauled shingles in this way. 


Domestic Life at the Time 

Carding, Reeling, Spinning and AVeaviiig demonstrated 


A Ball in the '60 's 
Recrniting Officer 
Friends and Relatives 

(Dancers Do Chorus Jig and Virginia Reel.) 

(Stage-coachman drives in.) 

Stage-coachman. — Fort Sumpter fired upon and President 
Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers ! 

Recruiting Officer. — Who will answer to our bek)ved 
President's call? 

Men.— I— I— T— I— I, etc. 

Recruiting Officer. — Vans leave at once for Houlton. I\Ien 
fall in. 


(Sad leave-taking of volunteers. Depart by singing The 
Girl I Left Behind Me.) 

"Fort Fairfield sent 120 of her sons to the Civil war. From 
tirst to last, whether flushed by victory or depressed by disas- 
ter, her sons were ready to brave the dangers of the battle 
field, and, if need be, give their lives that the nation might 
live. Her roll of honor stands upon the national record. Her 
heroic dead and her wounded and disabled veterans represent 
almost every family of that day." 

Ellis's History of Fort Fairfield 


Cutting from the Loyal Sunrise printed at Presque Isle, 
July 5, 1865 

"Celebration at Presque Isle, Maine" 
"At nine o'clock Captain Stevens' company of artillery 
from Fort Kent came in with colors flying and band playing, 
and was received by our people with demonstrations and ap- 
plause. The Fort Kent artillery came 80 miles to take part 
in the celebration and deserve great credit for their patriotic 
effort. Their battery was stolen, not captured, from them on 
the eve of their leaving for home, by some "border ruffians," 
which de{)rive(l us of the pleasure of hearing the national 


Stephen Phipps 
Albion Wellington 
Harvev Goodhue 


(Stephen Phipps and Albion Wellington drive on Pageant 
grounds and encounter Harvey Goodhue.) 

Harvey Goodhue. — Where to, now, boys? 

Albion Wellington. — Fort Kent, Captain Pattee says the 
old cannon must boom for us on the Fourth and not for 
Presque Isle, and so we are going to get it. 

Harvey Goodhue. — Want any help? 

Stephen Phipps. — Yes. Come on, we may need you. Fire 
crackers for Presque Isle, cannon for Fort Fairfield. 

Albion Wellington. — The old gun is rightfully ours. It 
was taken from Fort Fairfield without authority. 

Stephen Phipps. — Right about face, Goodhue, and well 
I)ick up more help at Violette brook. 

Harvey Goodhue. — All right. You're acquainted with 
Sam Stevens at Fort Kent? 

Stephen Phipps. — Leave it to me, I've got a scheme to 
work Stevens. 

Albion Wellington. — Jump in, Goodhue. Three cheers 
for Pattee and the old cannon ! 

(Team starts for Fort Kent.) 

(Three days later.) 
Joseph Fisher 
Edward Dorsey 


Dr. Perkins 
Albion Wellington 
Stephen Phipps 
Harvey Goodliue 
JesS'e DreAv 

('aptain Stephen Pattee 
Samuel Stevens of Fort Kent 
Presque Isle Men 

(Joseph Fisher, Edward Dorsey and Dr. Perkins watching 
for return of men with cannon.) 

Joseph Fisher. — About time the boys were getting back! 
Edward Dorsey. — Suppose anything has happened? 

Dr. Perkins. — Don't worry. Those fellows are all right, 
and here they come now. Hi, there ! 

(Albion Wellington, Stephen Phipps and Harvey Goodhue 
approach in team with cannon.) 

Albion Wellington. — Hi ! 

Joseph Fisher. — You've got it, boys? 

Stephen Phipps. — Sure thing ! The little gun is right with 

Joseph Fisher. — How did the game work? 

Albion Wellington. — Slick as blazes. Sam Stevens had 
the cannon out with artillery practising for the Presque Isle 

Stephen Phipps. — Sam worked overtime to show us what 
they wero going to do 



Harvey Goodhue. — And where the gun was kept, and how 

it was perfected 

(All laugh.) 

Stephen Phipps. — Now, Avhere will we store it? 
Dr. Perkins. — Pattee and Uncle Jesse think you had bet- 
ter hide it in my cellar for the rest of the night. 
All.— All right. 

(Start to hide gun.) 

Joseph Fisher. — You don't think Presque Isle will get on 
a hump to find it, do you? 

Albion AVellington. — We'll give them some chase if they 
do. Here's Pattee now and Uncle Jesse with his yellow vest 
and brass buttons. 

All. — Hi there, captain. All orders obeyed. 

Pattee. — We'll wake the slumbers all right on the Third, 
but what is the excitement of this flying horseman? 

Horseman. — Sam Stevens has notified Presque Isle of the 
missing gun and he with 50 men are riding here to capture it. 

Jesse Drew. — Lord a Massy! They're after the gun I 

Stephen Phipps. — Jiminy and Simmons! What's to be 

Jesse Drew. — Trust in Pattee. and keep your powder dry. 
Spread the alarm, and we'll give Sam and his cohorts a warm 

(People assemble witli guns. Sam Stevens with Pres(iue 
Isle men drive in.) 


Sam Stevens. — Here, you ruffians, deliver uj) that gun 
you 've stolen ! 

Pattee. — That gun belongs to Fort Fairfield. You have 
no legal claim to it. 

Sam Stevens. — We have a legal claim ; hut if that is of no 
avail, by the powers that be, we shall take it by force! 

Pattee. — Force, or no force, if you take the gun you take 
it over our dead bodies. 

Sam Stevens. — Keep your ill-gotten gun. It is better to 
suffer wrong than do wrong. Boys, about face ! 

Pattee and followers sing : 

"Sam Stevens with his hundred men 

Came riding on their horses. 
But 'twarn't no use, they stood no show 

AVith Fort Fairfield bosses." 


Coming of the Swedes with W. W. Thomas 

The Swedish immigration was the first and only immigra- 
tion planned and carried out by a State. Hon. W. W. Thomas, 
ex-consul to Sweden in 1868, was chosen to carry out thi.:' 
great enterprise. 

"For this new iiui)ulse in the great primary life of settle- 
nu^nt the State is principally indebted to the skill and untiring 
efforts of the Commissioner of Immigration, W. W. Thomas. 
who has on both sides of the Atlantic devoted himself to ths 
cause in a way worthy the thanks of the State." 


"The colony consisted of 51 Swedes. Each man brought 
credentials from his pastor. In this way the colony was a 
colony of picked men Avith their wives and families. They 
brought with them their pastor, their Sabbath and church ob- 
servances. On July 22d, they arrived at Tobique, and drove 
across to Fort Fairfield, the first American town. 

"It is pleasant to witness the interest with which Sweden. 
the Mother country, watched over the Avelfare of her sons and 
daughters in this distant land. The governor of the State of 
Maine received this letter from the Swedish parliament : — 

"All your promises to our people have been kept and 
have even been surpassed by your generosity. AVhat we have 
lost from the fatherland will not then have been lost to human- 
ity. God bless your land." 

(This episode is enacted by the Swedish colony from Xew 
Sweden, Maine, led by Hon. W. W. Thomas, who has lately re- 
turned to this country with his wife and family to visit old 
friends. Mrs. Thomas and the two sons will also participate 
in this scene. Hon. Albert A. Burleigh of Houlton, imperson- 
ates his father, who was land agent at the time.) 


Hon. W. W. Thomas 

Hon. Albert A. Burleigh 

.Judge William Small 

Swedish Pastor 


Fort Fail-field Townspeople 

Preparation of Entertainment for the Swedish Colony by 
the peoi)le of Fort Fairfield. 


Tiieir arrival. Dinner served by the ladies of the town. 
Address of welcome by Judge William Small. Speech by 
Hon. \V. W. Thomas. A })rayer of thanksgiving by the pastor 
of the colony. Swedish hymn sung by the immigrants. Their 
departure through Caribou to Xew Sweden. 



( oming of the Railroad 

' ■ November 18, 1875, was a red letter day for Fort Fair- 
field by the publication of the first ncAvspaper and the arrival 
of the first train connecting Fort Fairfield with the outside 
world by rail.'" 

Ellis's History of Fort Fairfield 

Judge William Small 

Hon. Alexander Gibson, President New Brunswick Railway 
Hon. William Widderburne, Speaker of the Provincial House 

of Assembly 
Canadian Guests 

(Townspeople assemble to see first train steam into Fort 
Fairfield. The train arrives on bank across river. The hoist- 
ing of the Stars and Stripes and Union Jack together. 
Speeches made by prominent men.) 

Judge William Small. — "Fellow townspeople: The stay 
of our friends is necessarily short, as the cars are to leave at 
six o'clock, in which they are to return, but before they leave 
it is d'^sirable to have a friendly interchange of thought and 
congratulations, so T shall call on our distinguished visitors: 


s -I 

Hon. Alexander Gibson, President of the Ne"\\ Bnniswick Rail- 
road, Hon. William \Vidderl)urne, Speaker of the Provincial 
House of Assembly. 

Hon. Alexander Gibson: — "Ladies and Gentlemen: I am 
happy to meet this pleasant company on this pleasant occa- 
sion. One year ago 1 visited this county and Fort Fairfield. 
I then had an interview with citizens of this town and 
promised them that upon their performance of certain condi- 
tions, we would have a train of cars in this village in the 
month of November, 1875. We are here with the cars on the 
last day of the month. In one j'ear from today, if not before, 
we intend to water the 'iron horse' at Caribou. I thank .you, 
ladies and gentlemen, for this grand demonstration in honor 
of the New Brunswick Railway." 

Hon. William Widderburne. — "It is in the interests of 
(peace we make railroads, not of war. They should bind to- 
gether in bonds of love and good will distant people, 
cement friendships already existing and create new reasons 
why war with its garments rolled in blood shall never again 
rear its hideous form and stalk over the two empires, one of 
our Queen Victoria and the other the land of Abraham Lin- 

Judge Small. — Now, if our honorable guests with their 
friends will repair to the Town Hall, they will find dinner 
served for them by the ladies of the village. 

(Note — The above speeches are the originals taken from 
'o copy of the Fort Fairfield Aurora, whose first issue came out 
on that day.) 


A Symbolic dance of the Potato Trade with New England, 


The Middle Atla.itie States, The Siumy South and Cuba. 

The Aroostook Potato Girl "Hesitates'' with the Boston 
Market, "Fox Trots" with New York, "Cake Walks" with 
the Sunny South, Does the "Spanish Waltz" with Cuba. 

Aroostook potatoes have been shipped at some time to 
every State in the Union, also to South America, but the bulk 
of the potato business is with the New England and Middle 
Atlantic States, the South and Cuba. 


Aroostook Potato Industry 

Review of the Potato Industry from its earliest methods, 
Beginning with : — 

The Man with the Hoe 

The Hand Fork Digger 

The Sulky Plow 

The Potato Planter 

The Riding Cultivator 

The Riding Two-Row Hoe 

The Three-Cylinder Sprayer 

The Hoover Digger • 

The Automatic Sorter 

Marketing on Bail-Bearing Jiggers 

To do his shopping the Aroostook farmer brings his fam- 
ily to town in his automobile. 

The figures below show the growth of the Aroostook pota- 
to market from 1894-1915, inclusive : — f 

1895 1,903,521 bushels 

1899 3,473,616 bushels 


. 1901 5.365,421 bushels 

1903 6,411,082 bushels 

1905 9,270,446 bushels 

1907 7,208,214 bushels 

1909 11,335,410 bushels 

1910 13,094,358 bushels 

1911 16,806,797 bushels 

1912 14,454,162 bushels 

1913 20,226,508 bushels 

1914 17,822,482 bushels 

1915 14,967,859 bushels 

In 1915 the potato business done in Aroostook county 
lacked very little of $15,000,000. 

The small and unsalable potatoes are used in the fall for. 
starch, also sometimes those on hand at the end of the ship- 
ping season. The Aroostook starch business varies from 1,000 
to 2,000 tons a season. 


A Symbolic Dance 

Electricity Harnesses the Spirit of the Falls. Its Struggle 
M'ith the Wild Elements and its Final Victory over Them. 

Five miles beloAv Fort Fairfield on the Aroostook river 
are the Aroostook falls. Until 1907 the spot was one of 
picturesque beauty, attracting the tourist and the pleasure 
seeker. In that year Mr. Arthur Gould of Presque Isle, Maine, 
having secured a charter from the New Brunswick Legislature, 
installed there a power station under the name of the Maine 
& New I>runswick Electrical Power Company. To-day the 
company lights the following towns: Fort Fairfield, Presque 
Isle, Houlton. Mapleton, Maplegrove, Limestone, Van Buren, 


Washburn, Bridge water, Easton, Monticello, and Hodgdou, 
on the Maine side, and St. Leonards, Grand Falls, Andover and 
Perth on the New Brunswick side. It also supplies current 
to the Aroostook Valley Railway, and is as yet using only 
about one third of the available po\ver. 


Fort Fairfield of the Present Views the Grand Old Past 
and Stretches out her efficient Arms to Posterity and the 

(Fort Fairfield enters in white chariot reining a span of 
white horses. At her side, walk the symbols for which she 
stands, Education, Religion, Fraternity and Agriculture. Then 
come her neighboring towns, Caribou, Presque Isle, Limestone, 
Easton, Houlton, Mars Hill, Blaine, New Sweden, Van Buren, 
and Fort Kent. Together they view the glorious past — the 
long procession of events which represent also the making of 
any one of the sister towns.) 

Majestically the procession wends its way past the white 
chariot down the green valley of the Aroostook, while the Cen- 
tennial Hymii is being sung by a thousand voices. Buglers 
announce Posterity, a beautiful girl clad in white. She brings 
to Fort Fairfield her future — 300 efficient school children, who 
lovingly crown her. 

"Home of our childhood, live for aye. 

Ours till death and ours alway!" 
"And the Star Spangled Banner in triumph shall wave 
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave." 


Fort Fairfield Centennial Hymn 

By Pvcv. Thomas W. Fessenden, D. D. 

Tune, St. Catherine— -"Faith of Our Fathers" 

Great daughter of our Pine Tree State, 
Queen of the North, mother of men 

Our fathers won thee from the wild, 
From forest d^ep and wooded glen. 

Home of our childhood, thee we love, 

And sing thy name all names above. 

Fair as the morning hast thou come 
Spreading a robe of velvet green 

Over the hills where the lordly pines 
Once waved their mantles' silken sheen. 

Boundless thy wondrous fertile fields 

Rich the content their bosom yields. 

Soil where our fathers reared their homes. 

Free from all blighting spot or stain, 
Dearer art thou than all the earth ; 

Over our hearts supreme thy reign. 
Let every son to thee be true ; 
Wide be thy skies and deep and blue. 


At duty's call, in war or peace, 

Thy sons have answered with theii- best, 
Laying their gifts on the nation's shrine 

To live or die at thy behest ; 
Glorious their stainless loyalty, 
God keep us true to them and thee. 

Our fathers gave to thee their lives. 
Building thy walls in love and faith ; 

Their children bring thee now" thy crown, 
And swear devotion until death. 

Bright be thy crown forevermore ; 

Thy progress great, thy fortunes sure. 

Out from thine arms into the world 

Thy sons and daughters thou hast thrust, 

Girded for battle, storm and night. 
For every cause, for every trust. 

Honored and loved through all thy days, 

Thy children be thy song of praise. 

God guide thee safely down the years. 
Bring thee the gold of heav 'n for gain ; 

All thy bright promises fulfil, 

Strengthen thy soul, thy life sustain. 

Home of our childhood, live for aye. 

Ours till death and ours alway! 



013 983 696 


Governor Curtis, Portland, Maine 

Hon. Carl E. Milliken, Island Falls, Maine 

Senator Johnson, Waterville, Maine 

Hon. F. E. Guernsey, Dover, Maine 

Hon. Frank C. Ames, Machias, Maine 

,Rev. T. W. Fessenden, Harborside, Maine 

Mr. George C. Gary, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Mrs. Florence E. W. Bliss, Worcester, Mass. 

Hon. M. N. Drew, Portland, Maine 

Hon. Willis E. Parsons, Foxcroft, Maine 

Hon. F. M. Drew, Lewiston, Maine 

Hon. J. B. Madigan, Houlton, Maine 

Hon. A. A. Burleigh, Houlton, Maine 

Mr. Howard Safford, Mars Hill, Maine 

Hon. W. H. Dilling, Easton, Maine 

Mr. Charles F. Daggett, Presque Isle, Maine 

Mr. Arthur R. Gould, Presque Isle, Maine 

Major A. W. Spaulding, Caribou, Maine 

Mr. H. D. Collins, Caribou, Maine 

Mr. Fred F. Spear, Limestone, Maine 

Hon. Nicholas Fessenden, Fort Fairfield, Maine 

Hon. H. W. Trafton, Fort Fairfield, Maine 

Hon. Percy R.. Todd, Bangor, Maine 

Hon. W. W. Thomas, Portland, Maine 

Mr. E. K. Guild, Fort Fairfield, Maine 

Dr. W. D. Kinney, Osterville, Mass. 

Dr. A. D. Sawyer, Fort Fairfield, Maine 

Florence C. Porter, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Mr. A. G. Fenlason, Fort Kent, Maine 

Hon. P. C. Keegan, Van Buren, Maine