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Full text of "Historic sketches of the Edwards and Todd families and their descendants : 1523-1895"

Historic Sketches 




The Edwards and Todd 



FAMILIES 



AND 



Their Descendants. 



1523-1895. 



By Georgie Hortense Edwards. 



/J SPRINGFIELD. ILL.: 

1 ^ H. W. RoKKKB, Pbintkb and Bimdeb, 



18W. 



\MV • 



\n; 



PREFACE. 



Some months ago an invitation was extended to tlie 
writer to become a member of The Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. To do this it became necessary to estab- 
lish the fact that the applicant for membership is the 
descendant, directly or collaterally, from one who had 
served his country during the war of the American Revolu- 
tion in the civil or military departments of the government. 

It was not the intention, when this work was commenced, 
to look beyond the period of the Revolutionary War in 
searching out the antecedents of the writer's family, but, 
as the reading and research of such records as were found 
in the public libraries progressed, it was determined to en- 
large the scope of the inquiry, and, to that end, other 
works and books of reference were purchased. 

Much of the information obtainable has not been included 
here, though little has escaped notice, it being the aim 
simply to mention the officers of the higher grades, or those 
whose claims to distinction are historically assured. 

The ancestry of the writer has been traced from the year 
1523 down to the present time. Such information as has 
been given of the paternal and maternal ancestors of the 
writer; of the various public places filled by them, and of 
the services rendered by them to their country in Revolu- 
tionary times, has, necessarily, been briefly sketched— want 
of time and other circumstances being accountable therefor. 



PREFACE. 



It was found, in the brief researches made, that of the 
ancestors of the writer who assisted in establishing; Ameri- 
can Independence during the War of the Revolution, the 
following are to be numbered: Eight great grandfathers, 
two great grandmothers, and sixteen great grand uncles; 
the great grandfathers and great grand uncles having held 
commissions in the American army, ranking from major 
generals down to captains. The references and proofs of 
the foregoing are on file with the Recording Secretary of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution, in the city of 
Washington, dated October 4, 1894, and numbered 4,604. 

It was found, also, in the investigations made by the 
writer, that six Presidents of the United States, three Sec- 
retaries of AVar, one Secretary of the Treasury, two Attor- 
neys General, five United States Ministers, five United States 
Senators and seven Governors, were descendents of, or 
connected by marriage with, the writer's ancestors. 

G. H. E. 
Springfield, III., Dec. 1894. 



Historic sketches 

OF 

The Edwards and Todd Families. 

I52:i—l89r>. 



THE EDWARDS FAMILY. 

IMCHAKI) KDWAKDS. 

RICHARD EDWARDS, the father of William and oreat 
<iTandfather of Haydeii, was born in SomerHetHhire in I 
l.")2*J. He was a musician and writer of interludes; studied 
at Corpus Christi college, Oxford ; took his Master of Arts 
deo-ree in 1547, entered at Lincoln's Inn, and was appointed, 
in 1501, a gentleman of the royal chapel and master of the 
siiifiinj^ bo.ys. He died in the year 15()(). at "The Edwards 
Hall," situated near Cardiff, in (jlemorp;an8hire, Wnles, and 
liis epitaph was written by Tuberville in the following; year. 
This hall was built in the time of William the Conqueror, by 
Sir Godefory de Pomeroi, a Norman kni;»ht, and came into the 
Edwards family by subsequent marria<^e, and was abandoned 
about the year 1()20, when the brothers, John, Thomas, Rob- 
ert and William, sons of William and <;randsons of Richard 
Edwards, came to America to settle the land granted them 
for service rendered to the King. The ruins of the old hall 
are still standing, and a photograph is in the possession 
of his great, great, great, great, 'great, great, great, great • 
granddaughter, Georgie Edwards. Benjamin, son of Wil- 
liam, Edwards, married Ann Harrison, a daughter of Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison's great grandfather. 



HIHTOmC SKETCHES OF THE 

In luH own day Richard Edwards was held in the hin;he8t 
estimation. "He united," says Warton, "all those arts and 
accomplishments which minister to popular pleasantry; he 
was the most fashionable sonneteer, the readiest rhj'mer, 
and the most facetious mimic of the court." 

HAYDEN EDWARDS. 

Hjiyden Edwards, the son of Wilham and <»Tandson of 
John Edwards, was my great, great, great grandfather. 
He was born in 1723, and died in 1803, and was buried in 
Paris, Ky,, where his tombstone may still be seen. His 
grave is well kept and carefully cared for by his descendants. 
He married Penelope Sanford. They had eight children— four 
sons and four daughters. Hay den Edwards was a merchant 
and lawyer, and he served several times in the Virginia Icgis- 
ture, and filled many official positions with ability. He re- 
moved from Virginia to Kentucky about the year 1800. 

[Letter from Mrs. renelope E. Crouch.] 

St. Auoustine, Texas, Dec. 15, 1884. 

Deaii Cousin:— Yours of the 8th inst. has been received, 
together with the engraving of your father, both of which 
are greatly appreciated. 

I will now write you a history of our branch of the 
Edwards family, as far as I know. I descended from Hayden 
Edwards, who married a Miss Penelope Sanford, who emi- 
grated from England to America before the Revolutionary 
war, with a brother and some other young men, Mrs. 
Penelope Edwards being the only lady on board of the 
vessel. The brother settled in one of the northern States. 
Hayden and Penelope settled in Virginia. Their children were 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 7 

as follows: Benjamin, the eldest and a prominent man, 
married a lady of Maryland; one Hon, John, from whom I 
descend, was a member of Congress; one son, Sanford, who 
settled in South Carolina; the youn<?est, Georpje, settled in 
Kentucky. One of the daughters married Col. Pope, who had 
three distinguished sons, as follows: John Pope, senator, 
also governor of Arkansas, Nat., governor of Illinois, 
Alexander Pope, lawyer, of Louisville. My grandfather was 
Amos Edwards, who married his own cousin. Her nnme was 
Penelope Ashmore, daughter of Mary Edwards, who married 
Wm. Ashmore. She was the only child. My grandfather's 
brothers were as follows: Hay den, John, Gustavus and 
Benjamin. I could write a great deal about the family. 
Many I could mention, but do not think it necessary. You 
will see from my statement that we are the same family. 
I am proud of my Edwards connection. They are all people 
of intelligence. I believe you will be greatly surprised when 
I tell you I have in my possession the wedding dress of 
Penelope Sanford, who married Hayden Edwards. It is of 
elegant material,— we consider it a great curiosity. I in- 
herited it with the name Penelope. I still find it impossible 
to find out the name of the brother who came over to 
America with Hayden Edwards, or the name of Robert 
Edwards' brothers. Could you not by some means assist in 
tracing up our heirship? The Secretary of the Edwards Heirs* 
Association writes me that there was a Hayden Edwards in 
the family he was tracing, and I thought probably we had 
proved ourselves heirs, and that he had not been able 
to trace his family. I think this property is well worth 
any exertion to recover it, as it is valued at between two 




K 



S HI8T0IUC SKETCHES OF THE 

or three huudred millions and the city of Troy. I would 
be much pleased to hear from you again. Have you the 
life of your father— if so I would like to obtain a copy— and 
are you a man advanced in age? I think you or your father 
are cousin to my mother. 

Your affectionate cousin, 

P. E. Crouch. 

BENJAMIN EDWARDS. 

Benjamin, son of Hay den Edwards, was my great, great 
srrandfather. He was born in 1752 and died 1820. He 
married Margaret Beall, of Montgomery county, Maryland. 
He was a member of the State convention, of Maryland, 
that ratified the Federal Constitution, and a member of the 
General Assembly of Maryland and a member of the first 
Congress. The Hon. William Wirt was a member of Benjamin 
Edwards' family. He was received into the family of Mr. 
Edwards at the age of fifteen, nominally as a private tutor 
for his son. This arrangement was an act of kindness and 
beneficence on the part of Mr. Edwards to aid Mr. Wirt in 
his education without the restraint that charity imposes. 

SANFOUD EDWARDS. 

Sanford Edwards, another son of Hayden Edwards, was 
surgeon general in General Marion's army. Dr. Berwick, 
one of the ablest and most distinguished of French surgeons, 
justly said of him: "Had Edwards lived in France, he 
would have been elected a member of the Royal Academy 
of Surgery, received from the King the Cross of the Legion 
of Honor, and obtained from the government a magnificent 
reward as an acknowledgment of the services he rendered 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 9 

his country, his profession and his fellow creatures." His 
professional history is that of the greatest advance in 
surgical science of modern times. With a broad and 
elevated mind, and a heart gentle and tender as that of a 
woman, he was not afraid of the sight of blood; pre- 
eminently bold, his exceptional skill was aided by an 
unfailing nerve. He was no mere money grubber; careless 
as to pecuniary rewards, for the poor he had a kindness 
and a charity that were inexhaustible. He was born in 
1742, and died in 1815. 

JOHN EDWARDS. 

John Edwards, another son of Hayden Edwards, was a 
member of the State convention of Virginia which ratified 
the Federal Constitution, and was one of the first two 
senators from Kentucky. 

NINIAN EDWARDS. 

My great grandfather, Ninian Edwards, was born in 
ITTo, and died in 1833. He was a son of Benjamin 
Edwards. He was major of the Kentucky militia in 1802, 
Judge of the Court of Appeals in 180G, Chief Justice of the 
State of Xentucky in 1808, Governor of Illinois Territory 
from 1800 to 1818, United States Senator from Illinois, 
1818 to 1824, Governor of Illinois from 1826 to 1830. 
He died in 1833, aged 58. 

PIIOM ford's history of ILLINOIS. 

Ninian Edwards was born in Maryland and brought up 
in Kentucky. He was bred to the legal profession, and 
became attorney general of Kentucky at an early age. 
At the age of twenty-eight he was appointed chief justice 
of the high court of appeals. He held this ofSce when he 



10 HISTORIC SKETCHES OF THE 

was appointed the first governor of the Illinois territory 
in 1809. Edwards was a large, well made man, with a 
noble, princely appearance, which was a circumstance 
greatly in his favor, as governor over a rude people, of 
whom it may be said, that the animal greatly predominated 
over the intellectual man. In fact, it may well be questioned 
whether mankind ever will become so intellectual and 
spiritual, that mere size, vigor of muscle, and consequent 
animal spirfts, will cease to have more influence with the 
multitude than mere intellect, unaided by these fleshly 
advantages. Gov. Edwards had been governor of the 
Illinois territory for nine years, and was then elected to 
the United States Senate. In this oflfice he showed an 
extensive knowledge of public affairs, and became dis- 
tinguished as a man of fine talents throughout the union. 
Whilst in the senate he was appointed by President Monroe 
to be minister to Mexico. It is worthy of remark here, 
that he never condesended to the common, low arts of 
electioneering. Whenever he went out among the people 
he arrayed himself in the style of a gentleman of the olden 
time, dressed in fine broadcloth, with short breeches, long 
stockings, and high, fair-topped boots; was drawn in a 
fine carriage, driven by a negro; and for success, he relied 
upon his speeches, which were delivered with great pomp, and 
in a style of diffuse and florid eloquence. When he was 
inauguratetl in 182G, he appeared before the general as- 
sembly wearing a gold-laced cloak, and with great pomp 
he pronounced his first message to the two houses of the 
legislature. Governor Edwards died of cholera in Belleville, 
in the year 1883. 



EDWAKDB AND TODD FAMILIES. 11 

NINIAN W. EDWARDS. 

My ^grandfather, Niuian W. Edwards, wan the son of 
Xinian Edwards, the first and on"/y territorial g:overnor of 
Illinois, and was born April 15, 18U1), near Frankfort, Ky. 
His father, at that time, was chief justice of the court of 
appeals of Kentucky. He was married to Elizabeth P. i y^ 
Todd, in Lexington, Ky., February IG, 18Ji2. She was the 
daughter of Robert S. Todd. In 18Ji4 Governor Reynolds 
appointed him attorney general of Illinois. Inl8:U>hewas 
elected a representative in the legislature, and he served in 
the legislature, either in the senate or the house, from 
1H.*5G to 18o2. He was also a member of the constitutional 
convention of 1848. In 1854 he was appointed by the 
<>overnor attornev before the board of commissioners to 
investigate the claims of canal contractors against the 
state, amounting to over $1,500,000. In 1854 he received 
the appointment of State Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion by Qovernor Matteson, and was the first incumbent of 
that office. He was retained in this office by the legislature 
until 1857. He was always a champion of free schools, 
and drafted the law in regard to them which was first 
adopted in the State. In 1862 President Lincoln appointed 
him United States Commissary with the rank of major, 
which place he held until August, 18G5. He had four 
children: Julia, wife of Hon. E. L. Baker, United States 
Consul at Buenos Ayres, appointed in 1873, and still holding 
the place (1894); Elizabeth E. Clover, Charles Edwards, 
and my father, Albert S. Edwards. Ninian W. Edwards 
died Sept. 2, 1889. His wife died Feb. 22, 1888. She was 
a sister of Mrs. Abraham Lincoln. Mrs. LIdcoIq died at 



12 HISTORIC SKETCHES OP THE 

tho residence of my o:raTid mother, Mrs. Ninian W. Edwards, 
July 10, 1S82, the same house in which she was married 
November 2, 1842. 

[From the Address of the Rt. Rev. Georpe F. Seymour, Bishop of 
Springfield, May Ist, 1888.] 

More recently our near neighbor, Mrs. Ninian W. Edwards, 
was suddenly prostrated by disease, and as it were, in a 
moment, taken out of this world.. The loss to us is irrepar- 
able. She was the sister of Mrs. President Lincoln, and as 
the wife of Mr. Edwards, she was for many years one of the 
most prominent ladies of the State. Mrs. Edwards' winning 
sweetness and gentleness of character we have never seen 
excelled. Back of this exterior, so attractive, was a life of 
devotion hid with Christ in God. The better one knew her, 
the higher he placed her worth. 

As a hostess, pr(»bably long practice had made her pro- 
ficient, but native tact, and delicacy of feeling alone could 
have enabled her to acquire the success which she attained 
to a remarkable degree of radiating a charm upon the com- 
pany over which she presided, whether old or young, and 
throwing upon them a spell, so subtle and prevailing, that 
it left an impi-ession upon the memory, which was never 
likely afterwards to be effaced. Gracious and considerate 
and tender to the last, she bade her husband, when she 
was gone, to send as her offering to St. Agatha's school 
and the Orphanage of the Holy Child, articles of her house- 
hold furniture to a very considerable amount, which would, 
as she well knew, with a refined woman's delicacy of per- 
ception, be highly useful to these institutions, in which she 
felt a deep interest. The donations are indeed prized, but 
chiefly as coming from her, and for her dear sake. 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMIEIE8. 13 

[From the Annual Address of the Rt. Rev. George F. Seymour, 1889.] 
The departure of Ninian W. Edwards was not a surprise. 
He was old and full of days, and life was held by a very 
delicate thread, still he lino-ered on. Hecarried away with him 
the record of a long life well spent. He united epochs in his 
birth and death, which, were we to sketch them in reference 
to the conditions of our country, would seem to be centuries 
apart, so rapid has been the g:rovvth and so «:;reat the chang;o 
since he was born, in 1809. Mr. Edwards fills no inconsider- 
able place in the history of this State, and it was his fj;oo6. 
fortune to be associated in most intimate relations with 
many eminent men. While his memory continued unim- 
paired, he was one of the best of living authorities in regard 
to State and national politics and jurisprudence. He was 
a thorough gentleman, and most anxious always that due 
and proper respect should be accorded to others, while he 
himself was extremely simple and unaffected in his tastes and 
manners. When we came to Springfield ten years ago, Mr. 
Edwards and his charming wife had already retired from 
societv, but the tradition was that none had entertained 
more elegantly and with greater satisfaction to their guests 
than they had done in days gone by. It was our privilege 
to be admitted to their friendship, and to enjoy the privacy 
of a lovely home, on which the sun of life was setting. That 
sun has now gone down. The wife went first. We spoke 
of her departure in our last address: after an interval the 
husband has followed, and both now are gone. The church 
remembers them, she never forgets her children, since tbey 
are always in her dear embrace, whether they live or die, and 
the subjects of her prayers until the judgment. 



14 HISTORIC SKETCHES OF THE 

GENERAL ALBERT G. EDWARDS. 

General Albert G. Edwards was born in Lexington, 
Kentucky, on October 15, 1812. He was the second son 
of Gov. Ninian Edwards. Benjamin Edwards, the grand- 
father of General Edwards, was a member of the First 
Congress of the United States. 

At the age of 14 years General Edwards entered school 
at West Point, where he graduated with honors, and was 
commissioned as a second lieutenant, and went with a 
company of artillery on the campaign ngainst the Indians 
engaged in the lilack Hawk war. At the close of the 
Black Hawk war he entered the United States Army as 
second lieutenant and served ten years, and then resigned 
his commission as major and went to St. Louis, where he 
engaged in the mercantile business. In 1862 Governor 
Gamble appointed him commander of the St. Louis division 
of State Guards, and iov some time he had command of 
the troops of St. Louis. Later, Governor Gamble appointed 
him bank commissioner of Missouri, which position he held 
until he was appointed sub-treasurer of the United States, 
at St. Louis, by President Lincoln, a few days before the 
President was assassinated. This was the last appoint- 
ment made by President Lincoln. He held the position of sub- 
treasurer until 1887. On June 4, 1850, he was married to 
Miss Mary Jencks, daughter of Daniel Jencks, whose father 
was Governor of the State of Rhode Island. Benjamin F., 
George L. and Albert N., sons of General Edwards, are 
engaged in business in St. Louis. General Edwards died 
in 1892. 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 15 

BENJAMIN S. EDWARDS. 

Benjamin S. Edwards was born on the 3d day of June, 
1818, in Madison county, Illinois, and died in Springfield, 
Illinois, February 4, 188G. He was a brother of m.y grand- 
father, Ninian Wirt Edwards, and the youngest sou of 
Ninian Edwards, the first governor of Illinois territory, 
afterwards United States senator, and the third governor 
of the State. Benjamin S. Edwards graduated in Yale 
college in the class of 18*J8, studied law at the law school 
connected with that college, and in 1840 completed his pre- 
paratory studies for the profession with Hon. Stephen T. 
Logan, of this city, and in March, 1841, commenced to 
practice. He was contemporary with such legal lights as 
Stephen A. Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, Stephen T. Logan, 
Col. E. D. Baker, Jesse B. Thomas, McDougal and Lam- 
born— men who have passed into history as "giants of their 
day." The fact that he was able to attain and maintain 
a prominent position among such men, attests his ability 
and ene.-gy as a lawyer. He was regarded as the model of 
industry in the profession, and a life student in the science 
of law; standing as he did, the peer of the most distin- 
guished, he had measured swords at the bar of the most 
eminent tribunals, with all the most distinguished legal 
Spartans, and always acquired a fresh laural to his pro- 
fessional wreath. 

He had but little taste, and less admiration for the 
political arena, but on several occasions yielding to the 
desire of his neighbors and friends, whose confidence he 
never compromised, he permitted them to nominate him 
first for the constitutional convention of 1862, to which he 



IG HISTORIC SKETCHES OF THE 

was elected, and then for congress in 1808, in a district 
largely opposed to bim politically, the majority of which 
he greatly reduced, although his opponent was highly popu- 
lar with his party. In 1809, in response to a very general 
demand on the part of the bar and people, regardless of 
party bias, he became a candidate for Judge of the Sanga- 
mon County Circuit Court, and was elected. He discharged 
the duties of the position in a manner eminently satisfactory 
to lawyers and litigants, but retired from the bench before 
the expiration of the term for which he was elected, and 
resumed the active practice of the profession which he 
loved and adorned. 

On the 13th of August, 1830, he was married to Miss 
Helen K. Dodge, daughter of Col. Henry S. Dodge, and 
granddaughter of Dr. John Varick, of New Yorlc (Mty, and 
great granddaughter of Theodorus Van Wyck, of Holland, 
and thus related to the ''Knickerbocker" families of Van 
Wycks, Van Cortlandt, and Van Renssalears, on the Hudson. 

3IKS. HELEN K. EDWARDS. 

Mrs. Helen K. Edwards, wife of Judge Edwards, was born 
in Kaskaskia, November 14, 1819. She resides at the old 
homestead in this city surrounded by her three daughters, 
Helen M., wife of Moses B. Condell, a prosperous farmer of 
this county, Alice, wife of Benjamin H. Ferguson, a prom- 
inent banker of this city, and Mary Stuart, wife of James 
H. Raymond, a prominent lawyer of Chicago, and her 
grandchildren. 

Mrs. Jane Dey Dodge, mother of Mrs. Edwards, was 
born in 1790-; was married to Col. Henry S. Dodge in 
1813. They removed in 1817 from New York City to Kas- 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 17 

knskia, 111. Here they resided seven years. As early settlers 

» 

in Illinois, and living among- French and Indians, they ex- 
})enenced many vicissitudes and trials. In 1880 Mrs. Dodge 
removed to this city and took up her abode with h'^r 
daughter, with whom she continued to reside till her death, 
on December 10, 187G. 

DANIEL P. COOK. 

Daniel P. Cook was a native of Kentucky; immigrated to 
the territory of Illinois in 1815. He married Julia, a 
daughter of Gov. Edwards. He was the first Attorney 
General of the State of Illinois, and re])re8ented the State 
in congress from 1820 to 1827, and filled, with great ability, 
his duties as chairman of the Committee of Wavs and 
Means, and was considered by such men as Madison, Mon- 
roe, Calh(jun, McLean and others, as a man of remarkable 
talents. 

He was undoubtedly one of the ablest and most re- 
markable men whose name ever graced the annals of Illinois. 
He was three times re-elected, making a service of eight 
years. He was but just of the constitutional age when he 
made his first canvass. He discharged the duties of that 
most onerous and responsible position with so much ability 
and evinced such a thorough knowledge of all matters which 
came before the committee and the house, as to challenge 
the respect and admiration of all the members, and this 
was at a time when his health was failing and his physical 
]>owers were becoming exhausted. It seemed that as his 
bodily weakness inc^'eased, his great mental qualities shone 
brighter and brighter. He died at the age of thirty-two 
years in October, 1827. 



18 IlISTOUIC SKETCHES OF THE 

GENERAL JOHN COOK. 

General John Cook was the only child of Daniel P. Cook. 
He was born June 12, 182(i, in Belleville, Illinois, and 
married Susan A. Lamb, in Sprinj^field, 111., Oct. 20, 1847. 
Mrs. Cook was born in Kaskaskia, April 3, 1828. They 
had seven children, four of whom died in infancy; James L. 
and John C. Cook reside in Springfield, and William J. in 
Chicago. 

In 18.")4, General John Cook was elected mayor of 
Springfield, and in 18.")(), sheriff of Sangamon county. At 
the expiration of his term, Governor Hissell appointed him 
Quartermaster General of Illinois, and in 1858 he organized 
an independent military company, called the Springfield 
Zouave Grays, and was chosen captain. This company was 
accepted by Governor Yates, under the State's quota of 
7.'), ()()() men, in 18G1, and was the nucleus of the Ist Regi- 
ment, III. Vol. Inf., of which he was chosen colonel, and 
which was called No. 7, in honor of the six regiments fur- 
ni.shed by Illinois for the Mexican War. Colonel Cook's 
commission was dated April 24, 18G1, and the regiment 
was mustered in at Camp Yates, April 25, 18G1, and was 
consequently the first regiment to enter the field from Illi- 
nois for suppressing the rebellion. Feb. H, 1802, he was 
assigned to the command of General Charles F. Smith, in 
the movement up the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers. 
After the capture of Fort Donelson, Colonel Cook was com- 
missioned Brigadier General for gallant conduct. During 
the advance on Corinth he was ordered to report to the 
Secretary of War, and was assigned a command consisting 
of his brigade, with two brigades from General Shield's 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 19 

division, eleven batteries of artillery, and two reg:iments of 
cavalry. After McClellan's retreat from Harrison's Landin<;' 
aud Pope's retreat from the valley, General Cook was re- 
lieved at his own request, and the following fall was ordered 
to report to Major General John Pope, commanding the 
military department of the northwest, under whom he re- 
mained until Oct. 0, 18G4, when he was asigned command 
of the military district of Illinois, with headcjuarters at 
Springfield. He was there mustered out, havitig been previ- 
ously commissioned by President Johnson, Major General 
by brevet. He was elected, in the fall of 18(58, representa- 
tive in the Illinois State Legislature from Sangamon county. 
He was instrumental in securing the second appropriation 
for the erection of the new state house. General Cook now 
resides in the State of Michigan. 

CHARLES KDWAltDS. 

Charles Edwards, the second son of Ninian W, Edwards, 
born July 6, 184G, in Springfield, was attending Yale col- 
lege in the early part of the Rebellion, and left there in the 
latter part of 18G8 to fill a position in the ("ommissary 
department of the United States army. After the war he 
was an instructor in Bryant & Stratton's commercial college 
in Springfield for a short time. Charles Edwards was married 
in Springfield, February 18,18G8, to Mary Hickox, daughter, 
of Hon. Virgil Hickox. They have one child, Edith, and 
reside in Lagrange, Cook County, III. Charles Edwards was 
connected with the Illinois State Journftl, and at one time 
was one of the proprietors of the Illinois State Ref^iater. 



20 HISTORIC SKETCHES OF THE 

About fifteen years ajxo he removed to Chicago to take an 
interest in the Shober-Carqueville Lithographing Company, 
of Chicago. He is now secretary and treasurer of the 
Rokker-O'Donnell Printing Company, of Chicago. 

JULIA EDWARDS BAKER. 

Julia C, daughter of Ninian W. Edwards, born April 29, 
18.*^7,in Springfield, was married June 3,1855, to Edward L. 
Baker, who was born June 'A, 1829, in Kaskaskia, the ancient 
capital of Illinois. His father, Hon. David J. Baker, was a 
native of the State of New York, and came to Illinois in the 
year 1818. He became one of the pron:inent lawyers of the 
young State. E. L. Baker was educated at Shurtleff, col- 
lege, Alton, 111., and graduated in 1847. He read law with 
his father two years, after which he attended Harvard law 
school, and was admitted to the bar, in Springfield, in 
1855. He became part owner and editor of the Illinois 
State Journal, and, in 18G9, was appointed United States 
Assessor, remaining in that office until it was abolished. 
December 8, 1873, he was appointed United States Consul 
to Buenos Ayers, Argentine Republic, South America, and 
still (1894) holds the place. Edward L. Baker and wife 
have three children; Edward L., Jr., is Assistant Clerk of 
the Supreme Court of Nebraska, at Lincoln, Neb., Willis E. 
is United States Consul at Rosario, Argentine Republic, 
South America, and Julia E. resides with her father and 
mother. 



EDWARDS AND TODU FAMILIES. 21 

ELIZABETH EDWARDS CLOVER. 

Elizabeth E., second daughter of Ninian W. Edwards, 
born January 7, IS-tli, in Springfield, 111., was married May 

II, 1863, to Eugene P. Clover, son of Rev. Dr. Clover, at 
one time Rector of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Springfield, 

III. E. P. Clover was killed at the battle of Wichita, leav- 
ing a widow and two sons, Lewis P. and Leigh K. Mrs. 
Clover resides in Milwaukee, Wis. 

ALBERT S. EDWARDS. 

My father, Albert S. Edwards; was born Dec. 15, 1839. 
Ho is the son of Ninian W. Edwards, and grandson of 
Governor Ninian Edwards. On June 3, 18G3, he was 
married to Miss Josephine E. Remann, daughter of Henry 
C. and Mary Black Remann, and great granddaughter of 
Colonel James Black of the war of the revolution. Colonel 
Black belonged to one of IG regiments in the continental 
service, officered by General George Washington, and not 
belonging to the line of any particular State, but credited 
to the State of New York. 

My grandfather, Henry C. Remann, was born in 1816, 
and died Dec. 10, 1849. 

MARY B. REMANN. 

My grandmother, Mary B. Remann, was born March 5, 
1823, and died Feb. 7, 1888, they were married April 15, 

1841. My mother, Josephine E. Edwards, daughter of 
Henry C. and Mary Black Remann, was born April 28, 

1842. She is the sister of Henry C. and Mary J. Remann, 
of this city. 



22 HISTORIC SKETCHES OF THE 

I have one brother, and one sister, Ninian Wirt Edwards, 
and Mary E. Brown, wife of Charles R. Brown, of Spokane, 
Wash. They were married May 4, 1886. 

My father was appointed by President Lincoln Assistant 
United States Commissary of Subsistance for the State of 
Illinois, July 1, 18G1, and served until July 1, 1865; he 
resigned to enter the mercantile business. 



THE^TODD FAMILY. 

What is known of the antecedents of the Todd family 
is most honorable. Of the covenanters captured at Both- 
well Brigg, two hundred and fifty were sentenced to be 
transported to America; and two hundred of these were 
drowned in the shipwreck of the vessel conveying them, 
off Orkney. They had been shut up below the hatches of 
the ship by tlie order of Paterson, the cruel merchant who 
had contracted for their transportation and sale. Fifty 
escaped and afterward took part in the defense of London- 
derry. Among those who were drowned were Robert Todd, 
of Fen wick, and James Todd, of Dunbar. Ii» 1670— the 
year in which Robert Todd, of Fenwick, was drowned- 
John Todd fled from the persecutions of Claverhouse, in 
Scotland, to find refuge in the north of Ireland. Two of 
his grandsons, Andrew and Robert Todd, came with their 
families to America in 1737, Robert Todd was my great, 
great, great, great grandfather. 



EDWARDS AND TOOD FAMILIES. 23 



ROBERT TODD. 

My great, great, great, great grandfather, Robert Todd 
was born in Ireland, in 1G07; died in Montgomery county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1775, and was buried in the churchyard of 
the Providence Presbyterian Church. His first wife, whose 
name is supposed to have been Smith, died and was buried 
in Ireland. In Ireland he married, for a second wife, Isa- 
bella, sister of General William Bodley. The mother of 
Isabella and General Wm, Bodlev was a Parker, a name 
which belongs to many families of note fn Pennsylvania. 
Hy his first wife he had two sons, John and Datid. By 
the second wife he had five sons and four daughters, Wil- 
liam, Andrew, Robert, Samuel, Levi, Elizabeth, Mary, 
Rebecca and Sarah. David Todd, my great, great, great 
grandfather, the second son of Robert Todd, was born in 
Ireland, April, 8th, 1723, and when a child, was brought 
by his father to Pennsylvania. His wife, whom he married 
in Pennsylvania, was Hannah Owen, of Welsh decent and 
a Quakeress. They had four sons and two daughters, John, 
Robert, Levi, Owen, Elizabeth and Hannah. 

COL. JOHN TODD. 

Col. Jolm Todd was an aide to General Andrew I^wis in 
the battle of Point Pleasant. He succeeded General George 
Rogers Clarke in command at Kaskaskia, in 1778, and 
was several years civil governor and colonel of the county 
of Illinois. He was commandant of the Kentucky forces 
at the battle of Blue Licks, August, 18, 1782, and was 
killed in this battle. 



24 HJ8TORIC SKETCHES OF THE 

GENERAL KOBEUT TODD. 

General Robert Todd, second son of David Todd, was 
wounded in the defense of McClellan's Fort, now George- 
town, in J77(); continued to be an active and brave soldier 
all throu«j,h the troubles with the Indians, and was often 
intrusted with important commands. 

GENERAL LEVI TODD. 

General Levi Todd, my o-reat great grandfather, third 
son of David Todd, was born in Pennsylvania, in 1756; 
was educated in' Virginia, studied law, became a surveyor, 
went early to Kentucky, and was one of the defenders of the 
fort at Ilarrodsburg; he afterwards assisted Logan to hold 
St. Asaphs; was major, colonel, brigadier and major general 
of the Kentucky forces until his death, in 1807. He married 
Jane Briggs and had eleven children, Hannah, Elizabeth, 
John, Nancy, David, Ann Maria, Robert S., Jane, Margaret, 
Roger North and Samuel. 

JANE BKIGGS. 

General Levi Todd married Jane Briggs, in the fort of 
St. Asaphs, in Lincoln County, Kentucky, February, 25, 
1779. St. Asaphs was then a fortified station defended by 
strong arms and brave hearts. We may be sure there were 
no engraved cards tied with silken ribbons to bid the guest 
to the wedding feast, no tables decked with silver plate em- 
blazoned with coats of arras, no guest arrayed in immodest 
gown bought from some mantua-maker in Paris. There 
was no printing press, much less an engraver, within hun- 
dreds of miles. Those shrewd men and heroic women, to 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 25 

whom our people are indebted for most that is either <^ood 
or powerful in them, were too seriously «rrapplin<^ with the 
stern realities of life to think or dream of the lyin<»: vanities 
paraded in most American armorial bearing's. And it is 
the boast of the sensible decendants of fair Jane Brings, 
that with her own brisk hands she spun and wove her 
wedding dress from the fiber of the wild cotton weed. The 
men wiio witnessed the exchanp;e of vows knew that at any 
moment they mij2:ht be ordered to march; the women, that 
at break of day they might bid their loved ones a last 
farewell. No shoddy nor pinchback was there; nor any 
shabby imitation of the coarse profusion of an intrinsically 
vulgar English Squirearchy. 



ROBERT S. TODD. 

Robert S. Todd, my great grandfather, seventh child of 
General Levi Todd, was born near Lexington, Ky., February 
L>r>, 1 71)1, and died July 1 5. 1840. When about 80 years old 
he was elected clerk of the Kentucky House of Representa- 
tives, and, by successive elections, held the position for twenty 
years; he was then three times elected representative from 
Fayette County ; in 1845 was elect>ed to the State Senate, and 
was a candidate for re-election when he died. He was twice 
married; first to his near relative, Eliza Ann Parker, a. 
granddaughter of General Andrew Porter. They had six 
children, Elizabeth, Levi, George, Frances, Mary and Ann. 
Mary was the wife of President Lincoln, Elizabeth, my grand- 
mother, married Ninian W. Edwards, February 16th, 1832. 



26 HISTORIC SKETCHES OF THE 

FRANCES TODD WALLACE. 

Frances Todd Wallace, a daughter of Robert S. Todd, 
and granddaughter of General Levi Todd, was born in 
1817, in Lexington, Ky., was married to Dr. William S. 
Wallace, May, 1839. Dr. Wallace came to Springfield, 111., 
in 183(), and at once engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession. He was born August 10, 1802, in Lancaster 
County, Pennsylvania. In 1861 he was appointed by 
President Lincoln Pavmaster in the United States armv. 
After tlie suppression of the Rebellion he was placed on the 
retired list, and died May 28, 1867. His widow resides in 
Springfield. They had five children, William F., Frances, 
Edward D., Charles E., and Mary F. 

Mary F. Wallace was married to Col. John P. Baker, 
November ir», 180.'). Col. Baker was born July 24, 1838, 
at Kaskaskia, 111. In March, 1861, he was appointed by 
President Lincoln Second Lieutenant in the First United 
States Dragoons, placed on duty in Washington City, and 
was at the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. He served 
on staff duty at the headcjuarters of the Sixth Army Corps, 
in the Army of the Potomac; also on staff duty as 
Inspector General at Savannah, Ga., in 186."). liieutenant 
Baker was promoted, July 17, 1862, to Captain in the 
First United States Cavalry, April 9, 1864, brevet Major 
in the regular army for gallantry and meritorious service 
at Pleasant Hill, La. ; also brevet Lieutenant Colonel 
for gallant and meritorious services during the war. He 
resigned his commission in July, 1868. In 1883 he was 
appointed Paymaster in the United States army. 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 27 

EMILIE TODD HELM. 

Emilie Todd, the fourth child of Robert S. Todd, by his 
second wife, married General Ben Hardin Helm in IS.'G. 
He was the son of Governor John L. Helm, of Kentucky. 
John L. Helm was eleven times elected to the House of 
Representatives of Kentucky, his terms of service extend- 
ing from 182G to 1843, and was five times chosen Speaker 
of that body. He was elected to the Senate 1844-48. He 
was Governor in 1850. In 18G5 he was again elected to 
the State Senate and served until 1867. In the latter year 
he was again elected Governor of the State by a very large 
majority. General Ben Hardin Helm was born June 2, 
1831. He was mortally wounded in the battle of Chicka- 
mauga, and died the same day, September 20, 1803. Emilie 
Todd Helm is living in Elizabethtown, Ky. 

ANN TODD SMITH. 

Ann Todd, the fourth daughter of Robert S. Todd, by 
his first wife, married C. M. Smith, a prominent merchant 
of Springfield, 111. They had four children. Edgar and 
Allen are liviog in this city and Clara and Minnie in Chi- 
cago. Ann Todd Smith died March 21, 1891. C. M. Smith 
was born May IG, 1820, and died July 29, 1885. 

LEVI TODD. 

Levi Todd, son of General Levi Todd, married Louisa 
Searles, of I^exington, Ky. Their daughter, Mrs. Louisa 
Todd Keyes, is the wife of Edward D. Keyes, a prominent 
banker, of Springfield, III. 



28 nrsTORic sketches of the 

MAKY KLLEN YOUNG. 

Elizabeth, second child of my great, great, grandfather, 
General Levi Todd, married Charles Carr, of Fayette 
County, Kentucky, son of Walter Carr, who was a member 
of the Kentucky Convention of 1790, and was several times 
in the Legislature. They had twelve children. Their son, 
Charles Carr, a lawyer, was for years Judge of the Fayette 
County Court. His wife was a MissDidlake. Their daughter, 
Mary Ellen Young, married Alfred M. Young, July 8, 184G. 
One of her daughters, Lizzie Todd Brent, is the wife of 
Charles S. Brent, of Lexington, Ky. Another daughter, 
Susan, married John C. Lanphier, a prominent lawyer, of 
Springfield, 111. 

Mary Ellen Young was born December 9, 1824, and died 
January 22, 1885. Alfred M. Young was born January 8, 
1808, and died March 7, 1870. 

DK. JOHN TODD. 

Dr. Jolm Todd, son of General Levi Todd, was born 
April 27, 1787, near Lexington, Ky. He was married July 
1, 181.*i, to Elizabeth Smith, daughter of Ilev. John Blair 
Smith, D. D. She was born April 18, 1793, in Philadelphia. 
Her mother was a daughter of General Nash, a leader in 
the American Revolution, from Virginia. Dr. Todd was 
appointed Surgeon General of the Kentucky troops in the 
war of 1812, and was at the battle and massacre of the 
River Raisin in Canada, where he was captured. In 1827 
he was appointed by President John Quincy Adams Register 
of the United States Land Office at Springfield, 111. Dr. 
Todd and wife had six children. He died January 9, 1865, 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 20 

and she died March 11, 18G5. Dr. Todd and wife cele- 
brated their golden weddinj^ July 1, 18G8. One of their 
daughters, Elizabeth Todd, is the widow of the Rev. John 
M. Brown, and resides in this city. She was born in Janu- 
ary, 1825. Another daughter of Dr. John Todd, Frances 
S., was the first wife of Thomas H. Shelby, a grandson of 
Governor Isaac Shelby, of Kentucky, and John Todd 
Shelby, of Lexington, Ky.. is her son. She was born De- 
cember 19, 1832, and died February 1, 1851. 

KOGEK NORTH TODD. 

Roger North Todd, tenth child of General Levi Todd, 
married Miss Ferguson. They had eight children. Their 
son, Robert L. Todd, married, first, Sallie Hall, a daughter 
of Rev. Nathan K. Hall, an eminent Presbyterian divine. 
The mother of Sallie Hall was a daughter of Colonel Wil- 
liam Pope, one of the first settlers at the Falls of the Ohio, 
and an aunt of General John Pope. After the death of this 
wife, Mr. Todd married, secondly, Martha Edwards, daughter 
of Dr. Benjamin Edwards, of St. Louis, whose wife was a 
daughter of Willis Green of Lincoln County, Kentucky. 

JOHN TODD STUART. 

Hannah, the oldest daughter of General Levi Todd, was 
born in the fort at Harrodsburg, in the year 1780. Con- 
temporary description represents her to have been of un- 
usual beauty of face and person in her youth, and, in 
maturer years, as a woman of uncommon force of char- 
acter. In the early bloom of womanhood, she became the 
wife of Rev. Robert Stuart, a native of Virginia, She died 
in 1832. They had seven children. John Todd Stuart, son 



30 HISTORIC SKETCHES OF THE 

of Hannah Todd Stuart, was born near Lexington, Ky., 
November 10, 1807. He was married October 25, 1837, to 
Mary Virginia, daughter of (ieneral Francis Nash. He was 
a grand-nopliew of the General Francis Nash who was killed 
in the battle of Germantown during the Revolutionary 
"War. They had six children— Betty, John T., Frank, 
Robert L., Virginia, and Hannah. His widow resides in 
this city. 

Joiin Todd Stuart graduated at Centre College, Danville, 
Ky., in 1820, studied law with Judge Hreck in Richmond, 
Ky., and came to Springfield, III., October 2;"), 1828. He 
at once engaged in the practice of his profession, and when 
the Indian trouble came on, that culminated in the Black 
Hawk War, Mr. Stuart became the Major of the battalion 
in which Abraham Lincoln commanded a company. In 
18H2 he was elected to the Legislature, and re-elected in 
1834. He had so grown in the confidence and attachment 
of the people that there was a pressing demand for his 
services, although he had only attained the age of 25 
years. As a lawyer, it is sufficient of John T. Stuart that 
he held his own with such men as Davis, Lincoln, Douglas, 
Logan, Harlin, Baker, and other men of like caliber. In 
1838 he was elected a member of Congress, and again in 
1840, from the Springfield district. In 1843 he formed a 
partnership with Benjamin S. Edwards, under the firm 
name of Stuart & Edwards, lawyers, and they continued 
together until the death of Mr. Stuart. In 1848 he was 
elected to the State Senate. He was out of politics after 
that until 18G2, when he waa elected to Congress from this 
district. 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 31 

EPHRAIM M»DOWELIi. 

The grandfather of my great, great, great grandmother, 
Elizabeth McDowell Porter, was born in the year 1072, in 
Argyleshire, and emigrated to America in 1720, arriving 
on the good ship "George and Ann" on the 4th day of 
September, and settled in Pennsylvania. The following 
sketch is from the life of Ephraim xMcDowell. 

Of all the fierce and warlike septs that ranged themselves 
beside the Campbells, under the leadership of the chiefs of 
that name, in the struggles so replete with deeds of crime 
and heroism, of oppression and stubborn resistance, which 
had their fruit in the overthhrow of the right line of the 
Stuarts, there was none more respectable, nor one which 
more perfectly illustrated the best qualities of their race 
than the sons of Dowall. Sprung from Dougall, the son 
of Ronald, the son of the great and famous Soraerled, they 
had, from the misty ages, marched and fought under the 
Cloudberry bush, as the badge of their clan, and had 
marshaled under the banner of the Ancient Lords of Lome, 
the chiefs of their race. The form of McDowell was adopted 
by those of the McDougal clan who held lands in Galloway, 
to which they, the Black Gaels, had given its name. The 
latter branch became allied by blood and intermarriages 
with the Campbells. Presbyterians of the strictest sect, 
and deeply imbued with that love of civil and religious 
freedom which has ever characterized the followers of John 
Knox, they found their natural leaders in the House of 
Argyle. In what degree related to the chiefs of the name 
was the McDowell who left behind him the hills of his native 
Ar^Ieshire, to settle with others of bis name and kindred 



32 HISTORIC 8KETCHEH OF THE 

and relijiiou in the North of Ireland, durinj^ the Protectorate 
of Cromwell, can not be accurately stated; he was, so far 
as can be f:;leaned from va^ue traditions, one of the most 
reputable of the colonists who there fi)unded the race known 
as the "Scotch-Irish," the characteristics of which have 
since been so splendidly attested by its heroes, scholars, 
orators, theolo<2:ians and statesmen all over the world. 
This Scotch Colonist, McDowell, had among other children, 
a son name Ephraim, which, of itself, indicates that he 
was a child of the Covenant. It was fitting that Ephraim 
McDowell should become, at the early age of sixteen years, 
one of the Scotch-Irish Presbyterians who flew to the 
defence of heroic Londonderry, on the approach of McDowell 
of Antrim, on the 0th of December, 1G88, and that he 
should be one of the band who closed the gates against 
the native Irishry, intent on blood and rapine. During the 
long siege that followed, the ♦'memory of which will ever bid 
defiance to the effacing hand of time, and in which the 
devoted preacher, (Jeorge Walker, and the brave Murray, 
at the head of their undisciplined fellow-citizens— farmers, 
shopkeepers, mechanics and apprentices— but Protestants, 
Presbyterians— successfully repelled the assaults of Rosen, 
Marmont, Persignan and Hamilton— the McDowell was 
conspicuous for endurance and bravery in a band where 
all were brave as the most heroic Greek who fell at 
ThermopylH'. The maiden name of the woman who became 
the worthy helpmeet of the Londonderry soldier boy was 
Margaret Irvine, his own, full first cousin. She wap a 
member of an honorable Scotch family who settled in 
Ireland at the same time as their kinspeople, the McDowell's. 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 33 

The name was and is one of note in Scotland, where those 
who bore it had intermarried with the most prominent 
families of the kinj^dom, breeding; races of soldiers, states- 
men, orators and divines. 

Remarkable in many wa^'s, other than the great age of 
more than a century to which he lived, the span of Ephraim 
McDowell's life covered the overthrow of tlie Stuarts; the 
rise of the House of Hanover; the establiHhment of the 
Empire of Britain in India and over the seas; the wresting 
of New York from the Dutch, and the expulsion of the 
French from North America; the erection of the electorate 
of Brandenburg into the Kingdom of Prussia; the victories 
of Marlborough and Eugene, and of the great Frederick ; 
the consolidation of the Russian Empire under Petor and 
his successors ; the opening of the great west by the daring 
pioneers, and the growth of liberalism in Great Britain, 
France and America. Foremost of the virtuous and hardy 
community, planted chiefly by his inflnonce and exertions, 
he and his associates erected school houses and churches in 
the valley, even before they erected forts. Eminently useful 
and practical in the character of his mind and the manner 
of his life, Howe records the fact that he built the first road 
across the Blue Ridge, to connect the valley with the tide- 
water country, at once affording a mode of egress for the 
productions of the former, and facilities for receiving from 
the merchants of the latter the manufactures of the old 
world. Religious, moral, intelligent and shrewd, the singu- 
lar and beneficent influence he acquired among the inde- 
pendent and intrepid spirits by whom he was surrounded, 
was a natural tribute to his virtue, sagacity and unflinch- 



34 HIRTORIC SKETCHES OF THE 

in«>: devotion to the cause of civil and religious liberty he 
had all his life upheld. It is scarcely necessary to state of 
such a man, at once hospitable and provident, that he 
failed not to use the opportunities with which fair and 
generous nature had surrounded him to reap and store a 
fortune considered very large in those days. Retaining full 
])osses8ion of all his faculties to the very last, he died not 
until the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, and not until 
he had heard the ])raises bestowed on his grandchildren for 
good conduct shown at the battle of Point Pleasant. 

KOBKKT POllTKK. 

Robert Porter emigrated to America from Ireland in the 
year 1720. He came from what is known as the Isle of 
liert, which is distant about nine miles from the city of 
Londonderry. The ruins of the dwelling which his father 
occupied may yet be seen. The original farm has been 
divided into several parts, and continues to be occupied 
and cultivated by those of the same family. It is a bold 
and picturesque country, and a fit place for the rearing of 
men of energy and decision. He landed at Londonderry, 
New Ilanipshire, and soon afterwards purchased and settled 
on a farm in what is now Worcester township, Montgomery 
county, Pennsylvania, about four miles distant from Nor- 
ristown. He occupied this farm until the day of his death, 
which took place on the 14th of July, 1770, in the seventy- 
second year of his age. The records of the church show 
that in 1741 he was an elder in the Non*istown Presbyterian 
church. He reared a large family — nine sons and five 
daughters. Some of his sons moved westward and some 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 35 

southward. The most successful and prominent of his sonH 
was my •»:roat, oTcat, j::reat ^grandfather. General Andrew 
Porter, born on his father's form on the 24th of September, 
174a. 

GENERAL ANDUEW POHTER. 

General Andrew Porter was twice married ; first to Eliza- 
beth McDowell, on the lOth of March, 17G7, a daughter of 
General McDowell, of the Revolution, and secondly to Eliza- 
beth, daughter of William Parker and Elizabeth Todd, on 
the 2()th of May, 1777. The brother of his second wife 
was the p:allant Major Parker, of the Revolution. Elizabeth 
Porter, the oldest daug;ter by his first wife, married Robert 
Parker, son of James Parker and Mary Todd, and first 
cousin of General Porter's second wife. She was the «»rand- y 
mother of the wife of President Lincoln and of my j^rand- 
mother, Elizabeth Todd Edwards. This Robert Parker was 
also a major in the Revolution. This raarriaj^e took place 
in 1790, and the newly wedded pair made their bridal trip ,' 
from Pennsylvania to Lexington, Kentucky, on horseback. 
They had four sons and two daughters. Eliza Parker 
married Robert S. Todd, and was the mother of Mary Todd 
Lincoln, and my grandmother, Elizabeth Todd Edwards. 

General Andrew Porter entered the service on the 10th 
day of June, 177G. He was successively promoted to the 
ranks of major, lieutenant colonel, colonel commandant 
and brigadier and major general of the Pennsylvania forces. 
In the war of 1812 he was appointed by President Madison 
brigadier general in the regular army and Secretary of War, 
but declined both positions on the ground that a younger 
man might serve the country more efficiently. 



1/ 



36 HISTORIC SKETCHES OF THE 

ELIZABETH PARKER PORTER. 

Some service was rendered by my {2;reat, great, great 
grandmother, I^lizabeth Parker Porter, towards the estab- 
lishment of American Independence during the war of the 
Revolution. , 

This lady was the wife of General Andrew Porter and the 
sister of Lieutenant, afterwards captain and then major, 
Parker. They were married on the 20th of May, 1777. 
She was evidently a woman of unusual prudence in the 
conduct of her household affairs. During her husband's 
long absences she managed his business, superintended the 
farm and instructed her children with beautiful devotion 
and fidelity. Her husband was heard to say that, during 
the war. he never wore a garment which did not display 
the evidence of her skill in needlework. General Knox said 
to him: "Porter, how does it happen that you look so 
genteel when tlie rest of us are in rags, and you are re- 
ceiving no better pay than we?" "You must ask my wife," 
he replied ; "I thought this coat had seen its best days, 
but recently she took it home, took it apart, turned the 
inside of the cloth outward, and now you see it is almost 
as good as new." 

This lady had a real adventure to relate. While the army 
was at Valley Forge she was accustomed to visit her 
husband, carrying with her some small delicacies for his 
use, or garments made with her own hands, and these visits 
were generally made on horseback. One evening, on ap- 
proaching the camp, she met a gentleman in undress uni- 
form, of whose rank she was ignorant. He adjusted for 
her some part of the trappings of the horse and paid a 



EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 37 

compliment to the animal which, she informed him, was of 
their own raising. On learning her name he walked slowly 
beside her horse to the camp, asking her on the way a 
variety of questions respecting the inhabitants, and especi- 
ally their feelings towards the array and the war. On 
reaching the encampment he said: "I think I see your 
husband," and, bowing politely, turned away. The face of 
the latter wore an unusually pleasant smile. "Well, my 
good lady," said he, "you come into camp highly escorted." 
"By whom," she asked. "By the Commander-in-Chief," 
was the reply. "Not by Washington!" It was even so. 
She turned to take another look, but her escort had dis- 
appeared. This was an incident of which neither her children 
nor her grandchildren spared her the repetition, and, as a 
faithful chronicler, I am bound to state that she did not 
avoid any proper occasion for repeating it. 

There is an incident which connects the name o^ General 
Porter with that of Lafayette, whose remarkable memory 
of persons has often been spoken of. When the French 
hero visited this country in 1824, Mr. James M. Porter, of 
Easton, Pennsylvania, went, as did a vast number of 
others, to greet him in New York. When Me- Porter's part 
of the column reached the General the latter said, on hear- 
ing the name, "Porter, Porter, I remember that name. 
Any relation of Captain Porter, whom I met at the Brandy- 
wine?" "Yes, sir; a son." "Well, sir, bless you for your 
father's sake. He was a brave man. He had with hira 
there a young man, a relative, I think, whose name I have 
forgotten. They fought very nearly together." Mr. J. M. 
Porter asked, "Was it Parker?" Gen. Lafayette: "Yes, 



38 EDWARDS AND TODD FAMILIES. 

that was the name." Mr. Porter: "He was my mother's 
brother." Gen. Lafayette: "Ah, indeed; well they were 
both <i;ood soldiers and very kind to me when I was 
wounded. Farewell, young gentleman, I wish you well for 
their sakes." 

Mr. George B. Porter, of Lancaster, Pa., came to Phila- 
delphia to meet Lafayette when he reached that city, and, 
as Adjutant General of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 
took part in his reception. On hearing of the incident just 
related, he invited the General to visit Lancaster and to 
become his guest while there. The invitation was accepted, 
and Genernl Lafayette thus renewed with the children an 
acquaintance begun with the father. The then youngest 
son of Mr. George B. Porter was an infant and without a 
name. He was thereupon named Lafayette, and during 
the ceremony of baptism the aged statesman and warrior 
held the infant in his arms. 



„^