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THE family of Adam or Adams (meaning /v^— Adamah — redearfA) can jclaim the 
disrinction of having the oldest individual name on record. Id Gen. II, 7, we 
are told that "The Ixird God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed 
into hn nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living souL" And in the tyth 
verse: " And out of the ground the I<ord God formed every beast of the field and 
every fowl of the air, and brought them unto Auam to see what he would call them; 
and whatsoever Adam called every living creat- 
ure that was the name thereof." The surnames 
of modem times are said to have originated dur- 
ing the Crusades in Palestine, the baptismal 
name alone having been Iwfore that time in 
common use among Christians. The chieftains 
of the crusading expeditions then assumed the 
names' of the places whence they came, or of the 
estates of which they were owners. The com- 
mon soldiers added the Christian names, and 
hence the surname of Christian names with the 
addition of mm: thus Adam's son became Adam- 
son; in the Scotch Mac Adam. The single letter 
t added to the baptismal name was only a variety 
and abridgment of the same mark of filiation, 
and hence the surnames compounded of Chris- 
tian names with the added t are also abundant 
The artificers frequently assumed the name of 
their tra^es^ which passed to their children, and descended to their posterity. 

Among the most conspicuous of the Adams family who emigrated to America, 
were Hknrv, of Braintree, Mass., and Rokert, of Ipswich, Mass., both of whom it 
is said were descended from Lord John Ap Adam, son of Ap Adam, who '* came out 
of the Marehes of Wales." There is scarcely a county in England or Wales where 
the name of Adams is not found. There were other emigrants of the Adams family 
to America whose origit} is not definitely known. Thomas Adams, brother of Henry, 
of BraintreeT was one of the grantees named in the charter of Charies I, 1639. He 
was at dme^t times Alderman, High Sheriff and Lord Mayor of- London. The 
names <rf Alexander, Charles, Christopher, Femandini, Jeremy, Nathaniel, Philip and 

4 HmoBX or tue Adams Vamvli. 

• Richard Adanu are mentioned in Fanner's Register u unoqg the earliest settlcn of 
Mauachusetts. A partial record is shown of the following: 

I. JoHK came to Plymouth ia the ship " Fortune,** November ii, i6si. 
a. HEifKr with ei^t sons, settled nt Ml WoUaston (Braintree), 1634. 

3. WiLUAu, of Cambridge,. 1635; removed to Ipswich before 1643. 

4. RoBKKT, tailor, Ipswich, 1635; Salem, 1638; Newbury, 1640. 

5. RicHAKO, W^rmoQth, 1635; repitsentative, 1637. 

6. Richard, bricklayer, Salem;' came in the ship " Abigail," 1635. 

7. JiBBUv, Braintree, 163s; Cambridge, 1635; Hartford, 1636. 

8. FuLMAHDiMi, shoemaker, from Loudon, 1637 

9. GiOROi, a ^orer, Watertown, before 1645; removed ta Lexington in 1664. 
la Ckkistophsb, mariner, Braintree, 1645; Kittery, Me, before 1668. 

Ralph, Elizabeth City, Va., 1623. Adams. 
Ralph, James Island, Va., r633. 
Robert, Martin's Hundred, 1614. 

RiCHAEO, age », embarked for Ylrginia in ship "Globe," ot London, Aug. 
6, 1638. 

The earliest record of the English branch of the Adams 
family is that of John Ap Adam, of Charlton Adam, in Somerset- 
shire, who married Elisabeth, daughter of and heiress to John, 
Lord Goumey, of Bcviston and Tidenhom, County of Glouces- 
ter, who was summoned to Fariiament as Baron of the Realm, 
1396 to 1307. In the upper part of a Gothic window on the 
southeast ride of Tidenham church, near Chopstow, the name of 
JOHSS As Adau, 1310; and "Arms, argent on a cross gules five 
mullets or," of Lord Ap Adam, are still to be found beautifully 
executed in stained glass of |;reat thickness and in perfect preser- 

This church is still in a good state of preservation. It origi- 
nally stood within the boundary of Wales, but at a later period 
the boundary line was changed, and it now stands on English 

The Arms and crest borne by the family are described as 
Aiuis. — .Argent on a cross gules, five mullets or. 
Crest. — Out of a ducal coronet a demi lion. 
MoTTa — l^yal au mort 
A motto eommosly used by this branch of the Adams family is: 

" Aspire, Persevere, and Indulge Not'* 
Stin another: 

" Sub cmce Veritas.'* 

The first one is preferred as expressive of the characteristics of the descendants 
of Henry of Braintree. 
Ap Adau (r) "came out of the Marches of Wales." [Lords of the Marches were 

noblemen, who in the early ages inhabited and secured the Marches of Wales 

and Scotland, ruling as if they were petty kings, with their private laws; these 

were subsequently abolished.] 

HiaroBT or tub AoABiti Family. 5 

Sir John A^ Adam (a), Knight, Lord A|> Adam. 
Sir Thomas Ap Adam (3). 
WiLUAM Ap Adam (4). Sir John Ap Adam (5). 
Thomas Ap Adam (6). Sir John Ap Adah (7)1 Knight 
Sir John Ap Adam (8), alios Adams. 
RoGBR Adams (9). Thomas (xo). John (ix). 
John (12). Nicholas (13). Richard (14). 

Robert (15)1 (supposed to be the immediate projenitor of Robert, who settled in 
Newburyporty Mass., 1640). 


HENRY (r6), of Braintree, Mass., is said to have emigrated to Neir England 
abpot 1634, and in Febmary, 1641, was granted 40 acres of land by Boston, of which 
Braintee was a part ' He brought with him eight sons, and was the great-great-grand- 
father of John Adams, second President of the United States, who erected a granite 
column to his memory in the church yard at Braintree, with the following inscrip- 

''In memory of Hbnrt Adams, who took his flight from the Dragon of persecu- 
tion in Devonshire^ England, and alighted with eight sons near Mount Wallaston. 
One of the sons returned to England, and after taking time to explore the country, 
four removed to Medfleld and the neighboring towns; two to Chelmsford. One only, 
Joseph, who lies here at his left hand, remained here, who was an original proprietor 
in the township of Braintree, 1639." 

'' This stone and several others have been placed in this yard by a great-grand- 
son from a veneration of the piety, humility, sjrmpathy, prudence, patience, temper- 
ance, frugality, industry and persevcfhince of his ancestors, in hope of recommending 
an emulation of their virtues to their posterity." 

The children of HenrYi of Braintree, were: 

I. HENRY, b. Z604; settled at Medfield, Mass. 

IL THOMAS, b. England, i6is; settled at Chelmsford, Mass. 

III. SAMUEL, b. 16x7; settled at Chelmsford, Mass.; d. 1666. 

IV. JONATHAN, b. 1619; settled at Medfield; married (i) Elizabeth, (2) Mary. 

V. PETER, b. 1622; settled at Medfield. 

VI. JOHN, b. 1624; settled in Concord; afterwards West Cambridge. 

VII. JOSEPH, of Braintree, b. 1626, freeman 1653, d. December, 1694. His 
monument is at Quincy, in the family burial place, and is that referred to in the 
inscription on his father's tombstone, ** who lies here .\t the left-hand." 

VIIL EDWARD, b. 1630; settled at Medfield; d. 17x6. 
IX. URSULA; named in her father's will 

L HENRY (2), son of Henry first, of Braintree, b. in England 1604; married, 
17 Nov., 1643, Elisabeth, daughter of Moses Paine, had Eleaur^ b. 5 Aug., 1644, 
Jasper^ 23 June, 1647; removed to that part of Dedham which became Medfield, of 
'which he was first town clerk. There had JEfrns^r, b. 11 Nov., 1649, yiE^^n And 
Henry^ twins, b. 14 July, 1652, Mous^ b. 26 Oct, 1654, Henry^ again, 19 Nov., 1657, 
and Samuel^ b. 10 Dec., 1661, who died young. He was of Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company 1652, represenutive at the General Court 1659-65-74-5. He was 
the lieutenant killed by the Indians Feb., 1676, at his own door, as mentioned by In* 



crease Mather in his History of Philip's War. Hb wife was mortally wounded the 
same night at the house of Rev. Mr Wilson, though she lived a week. 

II. THOMAS, b. Eng. 1612, son of Henry /rx/, of Uraintree, made a freeman 
10 May, 1643; artillery company 1644. By wife Mary had Mary^ b. 24 July, 1643, 
died soon. He removed to Concord and there had Jonaihan and Pelaiiak^ twins, 6 
March, 1646; Timothy^ b. 2 April, 1648; George^ 29 May, 1650; Sammi and Thamas. 
Removed to Chelmsford, Mass.; there had Rebecca^ 18 Sept, 1657; jE/Zsh, 21 Oct, 
1659, and Jltary again, 29 Oct, 1664. Was town clerk, selectman; represented at 
second* session of General Court 1673; died July 2p, 1688, ae. 76. 

HI. SAMUEL, son of Henry iirst, of Braintree, b. in England; made a free- 
man 10 May, 1643. Was first of CkarUstawH. Married Reliecca, daughter of Thomas 
Graves, had Samwtl^h. July3> 1647; Rebecca and 7*A<^mmij, about 1652; John and 
Catharine^ 29 Oct, 1657; both died young; Catharim again, Jan. 4, 1659.' Removed 
to Chelmsford; there was town clerk 1659. His wife died 8 Oct, 1664; be married, 
7 May, 1668, Esther Si)arhawk, daughter of Nathan Sparhawk, of Cambridge, and 
had four more children, Nathaniel^ Joseph^ Benjamin and Esther are known from the 
will of their elder brother. He was a Captain and died 24 Jan. 1689, aged 72. His 
daughter married John Waldo. 

IV. JONATHAN, of Medfield, b. 1619; married (i) Elizabeth, (2) Mary; had* 
sons, (x) Jasper^ {11) Jonathan^ both of Medway. 

V. PETER, of Medfield, b. in England 1622, made freeman 1650; married Ra- 
chel, had Peier^ b. 20 July, 1653, who was a physician at Medway; Hannah^ b. 1658; 
Afary^ Jonathan^ b. 1663, died soon; Jonathan again, b. 15 May, 1664; Ruth^ Saw- 
ne/t Joseph^ afterwards of Canterbury, Conn. Peter died in New Hampshire 1671. 

VI. JOHN, b. 1624, married Ann; removed to Concord, afterwards to West 

VII. JOSEPH, of Braintree, seventh son of Hf.nrv (i), b. in Kng. about 1626; 
was ;i maelster; married Abigail, daughter of Gregory Baxter, 26 Nov., 1650. She died 
27 Aug., 1692. Their children were: i. Hannah, b. 1652; m. S. Savil; 2. Joseph, b. 
24 Oct, 1654, (m. I. MaryChapin, 1682, who d. 14 June, 1687,2. Hannah Bass) [Jo- 
SKiMi, d. 12 Feb., 1736-7] 3. AoiCAiL, b. 27 Feb., 1659, (m. John, son of John Bass, of 
Braintree,) 4 John, t66i ; lived in Boston, followed the seas, and is known in the records 
as '* Capt. John Adams;'* his first wife was Hannah, daughter of Anthony Checkley, 
Esq. Capt. Adams d. intestate before 20 June, 1712. 5. Berth a (twin of John), b. 
1661, married John Webb, of Braintree; Mary, b. 9 Oct, 1663; died soon; 6. Samuel, 
b. 6 Sept, 1665; 7. Mary again, b. 25 Feb., 1668 (m. ist Samuel Webb, 2d. Sam- 
uel Bass); 8. Pbter, b. 1669; 9. Jonathan, b. 3t'Jan., 1672; 10. Mehitablk, b. 24 
Nov., 1678. Hannah, the eldest daughter, married 10 April, 1672, Samuel Savil. 
Abigail married John Bass, Jr. Bertha married, 1680, John Webb. Mary married,. 
16 Dec, 1686, Samuel Webb, and Mehitable married, 21 July, 1697, Thomas White. 
His will of 18 Dec., 1694, gives no mention of Samuel or Jonathan, but provides for 
the othen and the five daughters. 

HiSTOBT or ths-Adamh Family. 7 

VIII. EDNVAROi son of Henry firsts of Braintree, b. in England, 1634, nude a 
freeman in 1654. By wife Lydia had Lydia^ b. 12 Julyi 1653; JonaiMau^ b. 4 April, 
1655; J^hfh 18 Vth.^ 1657; Eliskabad^ b. 18 Feb., 1659, settled in Bristol, R. L; 
Sturai^ b. 39 May, 1660^ married Turner; Jamts^ b. 4. Jan., 1662, settled in Burring- 
ton, R. L; H^nry^ b. 29 Oct., 1663, s^tled in Canterbury, Conn; MihiUtUi^ b. 20 
March, 1665; Eli^ha^ b. 25 Aug.^ 1666, died next month; Edward^ b. 28 June, 1668, 
settled in Bristol, R. I.; Bttkia^ b. 12 April, 1671, died in a few days; Beihia again,. 
18 Aug., 1672, died in a few days; Abigail^ b. 25 Jan.^ 1675; Miriam^ b. 26 Feb., 
1676, both died soon. He was much employed in public duties; was ensign, select- 
man for many years, represented in the two first General Courts 1689, after the over-^' 
throw of Andros, and died 12 Nov., 17 16. His second wife is not known. His will^ 
of 19 May, 1715, probated 3 Dec, 1716, in an. Reg. XIX. 225, taking notice that 
his wife was provided for before their mother, and that his sons, Jonaikan and Jahn^ 
were formeriy supplied by him with lands, and Edward with movables and money,, 
directs now that his property be divided in nine equal parts, whereof the children of 
his son, Eliaskib^ deceased, to have two, James and Henry each two, and his daughters, 
Lydia David^ Sarah Turner^ and MehiiabU Faxan^ each one. 

Eleazbr, eldest son of H£Nky (2), of Braintree, by wife Elizabeth, had Elites 
beth^ b. 1672, and Eleaur^ b. 1673. 

John, son of Hknry (2), had Samuel^h. 1682; Mary^ b. 1687; Patience^ b. 1690; 
Raikf b. 1691; Josiah^ b. 1693; j0kn^ b. 1695; Isaae^h, 1697; RUkard^ b. 1699; 
Joshua^ b. 1701; Abigail^ b. 1702; BUAia^ b. 1705, and Michael^ b. 1707. 

Joseph Adams (2),b. 24 Oct, 1654, second child of ^ VII Joseph, of Braintree," 
and grandson of Henry (i); m. 20 Feb., 1682, Mary Chaptn, perhaps daughter of Jo- 
siah; had i. Mary, b. 1683 ^^ Ephraim Jones, of Braintree); 2. Abigail, b. 17 
Feb., 1682 (m. Seth Chapin, of Mendon). His first wife died 14 June, 1687, and he ' 
next married Hannah, daughter of John Bass, by whom he had Joseph, of Newing- 
ton, b. 4 Jan., 1688, a minister of Newington, N. H., from 16 Nov., ^l^^l^ to his de* 
cease. May, 1783; 5. John (father of John Adams, second President of the United 
States), b. 8 Feb. 1692 (m. Susanna, daughter of Peter Boylston, of Brookline, d. 25 
May, 1761); Samuel, b. 28 Jan., 1694 (m. Sarah, daughter of Moses Paine); Josiah, 
b 8 Feb., 1696 (m. Hannah Thompson); Hannah, b. 21 Feb., 1698 (m. Benjamin 
Owen, of Braintree); Ruth, b. 21 March, 1700 (m. Rev. Nathan Webb, of Ux- 
bridge); Bertha, b. 13 June, 1702 (m. Ebenezer Hunt, of Weymouth); Ebbnbzek, , 
h. 30 Dec , 1704. 

Capt. John Adams, brother of Joseph, and fourth child of *'VII Joseph, of 
Braintree," grandson of Henry (1), b. 1661, lived ia Boston, and was the grandfather 
of Samu£L Adams, the patriot signer of the Declaration of Independence, Governor 
of Massachusetts, etc. He had by h» first wife, Hannah, i. Hannah, b. 24 Jan., \ 
1685; 2. John, b. 28 Sept, 1687; 3. Samukl, of Boston (3), father of Samuel, the ; 
patriot (4), bap. 12 May, 1689, m. Mary, only daughter of Richard Fyfield, of Bos- ; 
ton, 21 April, 1713, died 8 March, 1748. By his second wife, Hannah, daughter of \ 
Anthony Checkley, Esq., he had 4- Joseph, b. 20 Dec., 1695; 5. Mary (twin of Jo- , 
seph), m. Samuel Jones, of Boston, 12 May, 1715; 6. Thomas^ b. 29 March, 1701; 7. ; 



Mij^oiV, K 11 May^ 170a, m; Del)orah Cutler, 1725, died 176& He lived in Boston, 
and wosi many years clerk of Kaneutl Hall Market, to wJiich office he wasi chosen 23 
March, 1751. 

Hbmry Aoamh (3), sixth child of Henry (2), of Medfield, and grandson of 
Henry (i)> of Braintree, b. 1657; had children, i. TA^mas^ of Medfield, who was 
grandfather of Miss Hannah Adamh,' of Boston, the authoress; 2. Jeremiah^ of 
Mcdway; 3. IliHrj^ot Medfield. Thomas, referred to, died at Medfield, xo July, 
x8i2, aged 87. . ^ 

John AdamSi of Mtdfiiti^ third child of VIII Edward, married (i) Deborah, 
(2) Susaniiah, resided in Medfield; had children: Edward^ b. 1682, settl«i in Milton; 
J^Mm^ b, 22 Dec, 1684, lived in Medway; Daniel^ b. 12 Jan., z686, lived in West Med- 
way; EUuter^ b. 22 Sept, 1687, lived in Medway; Oiadiak^ b. 28 Jan., 1689, lived in 
Medway; TAofuas (by second wife), b. 5 Feb., 1695, moved to Ashford, Conn., thence 
tOvAmherst, Mass.; SstsaHuah^ b. 1697; Jeremiah^ b. 13 July, 1699, settled in Brook- 
field; Abraham^ b. i Aug., 1701; Bethia^X^ <702; Pkiutas^ b. 19 May, 1705; Han- 
nah ^ b. 1707; Either. 


Thoua!! Adams, of Amherst^ sixth child of John, of Medfield, b« 5 Feb^ 1695; 
moved to Ashford alK>ut 1720, thence to Amherst about 1737; married * ; 

had Asa^ b. 1728; Ahner^ b. 1730; Nathan^ b. 1735; Sarah, Dorothy and Btttey. 

Nathan Adams, son of Thomas, of Amherst, b. 1735, ^^^^ ]^^% 1832; married 
(i). Miss Rood (Widow Rood, of Sturbridge, Mass., was in X759'his mother-in-law), 
had S'jrah, b. 1761 ; Levi\ b. 1763; Hannah^ b. 1766. Nathan Adams married (2) Sybil 
Ward, daughter of Deo. Isaac Ward, of Leverett; lived with her sixty-four years and 
had eight children: Erastus, b. 24 Feb., 1770; Etiphaiet^ b. 1772; Nathan^ b. 1775; 
Baxter^ b. 1779; LiiciaJa^ b. 1781; Betsey, b. 1783; Caroline, b. 1784; Ransom, b. 7 
July, 1790. 

REV. JOSEPH ADAMS, of Newin^ton, N. If., was born in Braintree (now 
Quincy), Mass., Jan. 4, 1688-9; eldest son of Joseph (2) and Hannah (Bass) Adams, 
and great grandson of Henry (i), of Braintree. His brother John was the father of 
John Adams, scfrond President of the United States. 

He graduated at Harvard in 17 10. While at college he taught school at Ncw- 
ington, N. H., the field of his subseciuent labors in the ministry, and was licensed to 
preach. The record of his agreement with the church, made 20th June, is as follows: 
** I. That my Sallery be ninety Pounds, but as they pleaded Poverty of the people, and 
the great changes they had been at in building the meeting-house, I consented to ac- 
cept 86 Pounds for seven years, and withal I Promised on their request. That in case 
I lived a Bachelder, and had not a family, I would abate also the 6 Pounds, and so ac- 
cept 80 pounds for 7 years aforesaid ♦ • ♦ •." 

He did not livea '' Bachelder,'* for on October 13, 1720, he married Elizabeth 
Janverin, widow, daughter of John and Bridget Knight, of Newington, by whom he 
bad four children, viz.: Elizaiibth, h. Oct 3, i7ax. d. Feb. 13, 1722; Josrph, b. 
Jan. 17, 1723; Eii£NBZBR, b. Sept 5. 17*6. d- Nov., 1767; Benjamin, b. Jan. 18, 



IH _' UisTuitY or TiiK AoAHH Family. 

J<MRPH, the eldest ton, ([niduated at Harvard College in 1745; he Kudied medi- 
cine aipiinst his falher'v wishea, who desired him to enter the ministrjr. He married 
Joanna, dau. of ^f.1jor Kiekiel (oilman, of Exeter, and settled at Newington. 

Bkn;auih, the yuungest son, b. Jan. 18, i7>9, marrried, fint, Abigail Pickering, 
of Ncwtngton; his second wife was Susanna Brown, of Rochester. He died Match 
94, 1803. Hon. Isaac Adams, of Sandwich, N. H., formerly of Ronton, inventor of 
the famous Adams Printing Press, was a great grandson uf Benjamin. 

Rev. Joseph Adams married for his second wife, Elisabeth Bracket, of Green- 
land, June 3, 1760. 

RHENE7.KR ADAMS, of Braintree^ b. 1704, known as Caiit. Elwnezer Adams, 
was brother of Rev. Joseph, of Newington, and tenth child of the second Josei>h, of 
Kraintrce. His wife was Anne, dau. of Peter Boylston, of Btookline. He was the 
father of Rev. Zabiel Adams, minister of Lunenburg, Mass., a distinguished preacher,, 
and the grandfather of 7.. B. Adamn, M. D., of Boston, on eminent physician. The 
t-1iililren of Ebenezer Adams and .^nne (Boylston) Adams were: 1. I'eter; i. Anne; 
3. Iloylston; 4. Ebenezer, ni. Mehitable Spear, 14 Dec, 1758; 5. Micayah, b. 1741. 

PETER ADAMS, b. 1669, eighth child of "Vll Joseph, of Braintree," m. la 
FeU, 1695, Mary, dau. of Christopher WebK They hod Mary, b. »j Jan., 1696; 
AmoAit., h. 15 Aug., 1698; Pkter, b. 13 Aug., 1700; Ham.sah, b. i> Oct, 1702; 
EsTilKH, b. II Aug., 1707; Mehitarlk, b. 25 Nov., 1708; Jkiikimah, b. ]i Jan., 
171 1 ; H. C minister of Stoughton; Bkthia, b. 3 July, died young. 

JOHN ADAMS, second President U. S., was 
bom in that pan of Braintree now known as Quincy, 
Mass., Oct. 19, 1735; died July 4, 1826. He was the 
eldest son of John Adams, a farmer, and Susanna 
Koylston, and was a direct descendant of Henry 
Adnms (i), of Braintree, through VII. Jtitph (i), 
son of the emigrant. Jouph (a), and John (3). 

He graduated at Har\'ard College in 1755, and, 
while preparing himself for the profession of the law, 
taught school at Worcester for alxiut two yean. He 
was intended for the ministry, but could not sub- 
scribe to the orthodox creed of Calvinism. He 
studied law and was admitted to the l>ar in 175S, and afterwards resided with his 
father at Braintree for se\'eral years, where he acquired a good practice. He married, 
in 1764, .Abigail Smith (a granddaughter of Col. John Quincy), a woman of excellent 
character and su|>erior talents. His first active participation in |K>liti(:al affairs was \ 
on the occasion of the passage of the SUmp Act in 1765. At a meeting of the citi- I 
sens of Braintree, he offered resolutions or instructions addressed to the Legislature, I 
which were approved and were adopted by forty other towns in Massachusetts. He , 
published, in 1765, an " Essay on Canon and Feudal Law." The same year he was i 
appointed by the Town of Boston, together with Jeremiah Gridley and James Otis, to 
support a memorial addressed to the Governor and Council that the courts might 


proceed with their business without stam|is; The case was opened by Adams, he tak- 
ing the ground that the Stamp Act was absolutely void. Parliament having no right 
to tax the Colonies. In order to induce him to join the Tory party, he was offered 
in 1763 the place of advocate-general, which he declined. He moved to Boston in 
1768, drafted the instructions to its representatives, and, in 1770, was chosen to the 
General Court, notwithstanding his defense of Capt Preston and his soldiers for the 
** Boston Massacre.'* He became the chief legal adviser of the patriots, and a leader 
among them. He was one of the five delegates sent by Massachusetts to the first 
Continental Congress, which met at Philadelphia in 1774. During the winter of 
I774~S ^ wrote, under the signature of NatfaMglus^ a series of able essays in defense 
of the rights of the colonbts. An abridgment of them was published in Almon*s 
^ Remembrancer '* for 1775, as a ^ History of the Dispute with America.'* After the 
battle of Lexington (April, 1775), which made many converts to the cause of Inde* 
pendence, he returned to Congress. While a majority of the members were disposed 
to temporize, he was earnest in his efforts to induce the Congress to bring matters to 
a crisis and to provide for the defense of the Colonies. He was the first to propose 
George Washington as Commander-in-Chief of the Army. He was again elected to 
the Federal Congress for one year, and went to Philadelphia in February, 1776. He 
procured, in May, the passage in Congress of a resolution that the Colonies should 
assume the duty of self-government On the 7th of June.a resolution was moved, by 
Richard Henry Lee, and seconded by Mr. Adams, that these Colonies are and of a 
right ought to be free and independent A committee was appointed to prepare & 
Declaration of Independence, which was opposed by a strong party and vigorously 
defended by Mr. Adams, in a speech made July 2, in reference to which Thomas 
Jeffersoii said: ''John Adams was the ablest advocate and champion of Independence 
on the floor of the House." Mr. Adams was the Chairman of the Board of War ap- 
pointed inj une, 1 776, and was chairman of several committees in Congress. He was ap- 
pointed Commissioner to France in November, 1777, and arrived in Paris, April, 

1778, to learn that a treaty between France and the United States had already been 
concluded. He returned home in 1779, and was soon after appointed minister to ne- 
gotiate a treaty of peace and commerce with Great Britain. He sailed in November 

1779, but did not reach Paris until February following. In July, 1780, he went to 
Holland to negotiate a loan, and April 19, 1782, was received as ambassador by the 
States General, from whom he soon after obtained a loan of 92,ooo«ooo with which 
he made a treaty of amity and commerce. In October he relumed to Paris to assist 
in making the treaty of peace, and was chiefly instrumental in securing the fisheries 
to the U. S. Wi{h Franklin and Jay he negotiated a treaty of commerce with Great 
Britain. In the following winter he negotiated another Dutch loan, was commis- 
sioned with Franklin and Jefferson to form treaties with foreign powers, and in May, 
1785, went as Minister to the Court of St James. While at this post he prepared his 
''Defense of the American Constitution.** He was recalled in February, 1788,. and 
OB his arrivid home was re<^ppointed a delegate to Congress, but did not take his seat, 
having been elected Vice-President of the United States, receiving the next highest 
number of votes to Washington in the first Presidential dection.' He sustained 
the policy of Washington, giving, as President of the Senate, his casting vote in many 
important measures. The French Revolution, to which he was opposed, led him to 

H History or the Adahs Family. 

write hu ** Discourses on Davila," in which hi controverted the radical democratic 
doctrines of the day. Chosen President bjr a small majority over JelTerson for 
the term bct;inning March 4, 17971 his administration was Tehemently apposed liy the 
new party, under the lead of Jefferson, called Republicans, who were friendly to the 
French Revolution, while the Federal party were determined to preserve neutrality. 
The French Directory having issued decrees and orders highly injurious to American 
commerce, a navy was set on foot, an army partly levied, with Washington for Com- 
mander-in-Chief, and a fitasi war with France eitsued. Commissioners Ellsworth, 
Davii and Murray* however, succeeded in arranging the maners in dispute with 
Bonaparte, then just elected consul The heavy taxes to meet the expense of warlike 
preparations, the ill-advised Alien and Sedition Law, and the charge of being- under 
British influence, countenanced by Hamilton, destroyed Adams' popularity, and at 
the following election he received but 65 electoral votes, while Jefferson and Burr 
had 73 each. . His subsequent life was passed in retirement at the homestead in 
Qnincy. At the age of 85 he was chosen a delegate to the Convention to Revise the 
Constitution' of Massachusetts, and was requested to' preside, but declined. He lived 
to see his son President, and he received Jefferson's congratulations upon iL By a 
remarkable coincidence, they lioth expired on the fiftieth anniversary of that Declara- 
tion of Independence in which they had both taken so active a part Hb daughter 
Abigail married CoL William S. Smith, his Secretary of Legation in London. He 
wrote for the Boston Patriot many valuable contributions to the history of his time; 
a portion of which, entitled "Corresiiondence," was published 8vo., 1S09. His grand- 
son, Charles Francis Adams, has published his collected writings, including his "Aur 

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, eldest son of President 
John .-\dams, was bom in Braintree July 11, 1767, died 
at Washington, D. C, February 13, 1848. He received 
the name of "Quincy" from his maternal grandfather. ' 
In childhood he was instructed by his mother, a grand- ■ 
daughter of Col. John Quincy and a woman of HUjie- ! 
rior talents. At the age of eleven years, in February, 
177S, he accompanied his father in his mission to France, 
occupying himself, until his return in August, 1779, in 
studying the French and l^tin languages, enjoyint; the 
siwcial favor and friendship of Franklin. He was taken 1 
again to Hurope by his father in 1780, and continued his | 
studies at the University of Leyden. In July, 1781, at ! 
the age irf fourteen, he was apiwinted private secretary to Francis Dana, Minister to j 
Russia. In 1 7S9 he spent some time in Stockholm, Copenhagen and Hambui^; accom- 
panied hts father to England, and, in 1784, to Paris, returning home early in 1785. He < 
entered Harvard in 1786, graduated in 1788. He studied law with Theophilus Parsons, 
was admitted to the bar in 1791, and began practice In Boston where he soon acquired 
distinction. He published a series of articles in the SostoM CmtiMtl iti ii^i under the ! 
signature of " PitMieoItt" advocating neutrality with France, suggesting doubts of the '■ 
favorable issue of the French Revolution. From 1794 to tSoi he was successively : 


Minister to Holland, England and Prussia, receiving in 179S a commission to nego« 
tiate a treaty of commerce with Sweden, and residing in Berlin from.November, 1797,* 
to April, 1801, when he was recalled. While here he wrote his ** Letters from Silesia." 
On July 37, 1797, he married Louisa, daughter of Joshua Johnson, Consul at lA>ndon^ 
and niece of Thomas Johnson, of Maryland, a signer of the Declaration oc Independ- 
ence In z8o2 he was in the Senate of Massachusetts, and in rSoj elected United 
States Senator by the Federalists. In 1805 he endeavored to procure the passage of 
a law to levy a duty on the importation of slaves. He offended his political friends ' 
the Federalists, by supporting Jefferson's Embargo Act, which was passed in Decem- 
ber, 1807, and thus became connected with the Democrtic party. He resigned his 
seat in the Senate in 1808, declining to serve for the remainder of the terra rather 
than obey the instructions of the Federalists, who were then the dominant party in 
his State. He was appointed Minister to Russia in 1809. His influence at that court 
induced its offers of intervention which culminated in its treaty of peace between 
England and the United States. While at St. Petersburg he was api>ointed Judge of 
the United States Supreme Court, but declined. In 1813 he was appointed one of 
the commissioners, with Clay, Gallatin and Russell, to negotiate a treaty of peace 
with Great Britain, signed a4th December, 1814. In the spring of 1815 Mr. Adams 
was appointed Minister to the Court of St. James, where he remained until he was se- 
lected by Mr. Monroe for the office of Secretary of State, in 1817, continuing until 
1815, when he was elected President of the United States as the successor of Presi- 
dent Monroe. As a diplomat he justified the confidence of Washington, who, in 1797, 
had predicted that Mr. Adams would ** prove himself to be the ablest of all our diplo- 
matic corps.'* In 183 X he was sent to Congress, where he was continued by succes- 
sive re-elections until his death, which occurred suddenly in the Capitol. His last 
words were, ** This is the last of earth, I am content" The fearless stand which he 
maintained in Congress upon the right of petition was in the highest degree honorable 
to him. His voice was heard -on nearly every important question before the House. 
When more than fourscore* he was yet '* the Old Man Elo<iuent.'* Independent, 
manly and patriotic, he never swerved from what he believed to be the path of 
duty, leaving behind him a high reputation for purity and disinterestedness, in 
x8io his '' Letters on Rhetoric and Oratory" were published; ''Letters on Free- 
masonry " in 1833. He was also the author of other works. 

CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS, son of John Quincy Adams» was bom in 
Boston 18 August, 1807; difcd there 31 November, 1886. He passed his childhood 
mostly in St. Petersburg and London; was graduated at Harvard College in 1825; he 
studied law in the office of Daniel Webster, and was admitted to the Suffolk bar in 
1838. He served for five years— from 1831 to i836^n the legislature of Massa- 
chusetts. He was nominated at Buffalo in August, 1828, for the office of Vice-Presi- 
dent by the Convention of Free-Soilers, which nominated Martin Van Buren for the 
Presidency. In 1858 he was elected to Congress as a Republican by the voters of the 
Third District of Massachusetts, and re-elected in 186a In the spring of 186 r he was 
appointed by President Lincoln Minister to England. He encountered the most bit- 
ter social hostility in England, but he maintained rKe rights of his country, and ac« 

iJe HnrroBY of the Adams Family. himself with credit in the difficult and imijortant controve»iei that arcMe dur- 
ing the War of the Rebellion, notably, the capture of the Confederate Commissionem 
Mason and Slidell, and the negligence of the British Government in pennitting con- 
federate cruisers to sail from British ports. He took a very decided course in the 
matter, and his unflinching firmness bore down all opiiosition. He resigned about 
February, 1 868. ^ It has been the griod fortune of Mr. Adams,** says the London Jl* 
lusiratcd News ol February 15, 1868, ''to have exercised the grandest qualities of 
true statesmanship just when and where they were of priceless value, and to have ex- 
ercised them with complete success.'* He was arbitrator in the Alabama Claims tri- 
bunal of 1871-73. In 1873 it was attempted to nominate him for the Presidency of 
the United States as the candidate of the liberal Rei^ublicans, but Horace Greeley 
secured the nomination. He edited the works of .his father and grandfather in as 
octavo volumes. He married, in 1 839, the youngest daughter of Peter Charles Brooks, 
whose elder daughter was married to Edward Everett 

Charles Francis Adams, Jr., second son of Charles Francis Adams, was 
bom in Boston 33 September, 1835; He was graduaced at Harvard in 1856, and ad- 
mitted to the Suffolk bar in 1865. He served throughout the Civil War, first on 
Governor Andrews' staff and later as Colonel of negro cavalry. He was elected to 
the Legislature by the town of Quincy in 1866, and again in 1869 and 1870. During 
the same period he served as Railroad Commissioner of Massachusetts; was from 
1879 to 1883 one of the board of arbitrators of the railroads of the Northern States, 
appointed to settle disputes, and in 1883 became sole arbitrator. In 187 1, in connec- 
tion with his brother, Henry Adams, he published '^ Chapters of Erie, and Other Es 
says/' and has since published other works. He was elected in 1883 a member of the 
Board of Overseers of Harvard College, and in 1884 President of the Union Pacilic 

Henkv Adams, third son of Charles Francis Adams, Sr., was born in Boston x6 
February, 1838; was graduated at Harvard in 1858. During his father's residence 
abroad he served xs his private secretary. He was Assistant Professor of History in 
Harvard College from 1870 to 1877, and was recognized xs one of the al>lest instruct- 
ors of the present generation. He is an author of repute, and has published numer- 
ous works and has been for some years engaged in writing a history of Jefferson's ad- 

SAMUEL ADAMS, the patriot and orator, was bom in Boston 37 September, 
rjtt. He is a direct descendant of Henry Adams, of Braintree, through **VII 
Josef k^** of Braintreei Capt Johtt^ of Boston, and Samuel^ of Boston. 

He graduated at Harvard College in 1740. On receiving the degree of A» M., in 
17439 ^^ proposed and took the affirmative in the discussion of the question ''whether 
it be lawful to resist the supreme magistrate, if the commonwealth cannot otherwise 
be preserved." About the same time he published a pamphlet called '* Englishmen's 
Rights.'* In eariy life he applied himself to mercantile business, in which he was not 



successfuL At a writer, however, he soon became emi- 
nent, preserving byhii efforts the estate of hu father, which 
had lieen attached on account of the " Land Bank Bab- 
ble." He was afterwards a|ti)ointed tax collector and 
bjr his political opponents called " Samuel the Publican." 
He was a member of a political club, which originated 
important measures, fomented hostility to the Stamp Act, 
the tea dut]r,and other aggressive measures, and drew up 
the instructions of the town of Boston, in May, 1764, 
V to its representatives against Greenville's schemes of par- 
liamentary taxation. He was elected a member of the 
General Assembly of Massachusetts in 1765, conttnuinK 
lor nine years, and by his courage, talents and energy acquired great influence He 
is said to have suggested the congress which assembled in New York in 1765. In 
'Consequence of the aict of imposing duties, in 1767 Mr. Adams suggested the non-im- 
portation agreement, which took effect January i, 1769. On the day following the 
-" massacre'' of March 5, 1770^ he addressed a public meering with impressive elo- 
ijuence, and was chairman of the committee to demand of Governor Hutchinson the 
immediate removal of the troops. The stem and inflexiblr patriot carried hu point, 
and clearly exposed the fallacy of Hutchinson's reply to the demand. Committees of 
correspondence were in 1773 first adopted by Massachusetts on motion of Mr. .Adams, 
and the plan was followed by all the provinces. To Governor Gage's merture to him 
to make his peace with the Kinft he replied, " I trust I have long since made my 
peace with the Xing 0/ Kii^s. No personal consideration shall induce me to aban- 
don the righteous cause of my country." He was one of those who matured the plan 
of a general congress; was one of the first delegates, and was an active member from 
September s, 1774 to 1781, and signed the Declaration of Independence. He took 
part in the formation of the Constitution of Massachusetts, adopted in 1780; served 
. afterwards as a Senator of that State, and was a member of the convention which 
ratified the Constitution in 1788. In national iwHtics he favored the Republican or 
Jeffeisonian party. He was Lieutenant Governor from 1789 to 1794, and in 1795 
succeeded John Hancock as Governor of Mxisachusetts. Having lieen several times 
re-elected, he served as Governor until 1797 and then retired. He married young 
and had only one son whom he survived. 

3678, Mary Ellis, dau., probably, of Thomas, of the same; | 

JOHH Adaus, b. 18 Feb., itis;; second son of V Edward, by wife Deborah bad: ! 
£ilwardt b, 1683; /mix, b. 1684; Damitt, h. 1686; EUascr, b. 11^7; besides ObaJkth 
and JoMtUkait, whose dates are not given; and by second wife, Susanna, had 7*if»wa/, 
b, ll^S! Stita/ma, b. 1697; Jtrtmiah, li. ttt^\ Ahrakam, h. 1701; Sitkea, b. 1703; ; 
^kiaeat, b. 1705; HamiuJi, l>. 1707, and Either. j 

Hknry Adaus, of Medfield, Mass., and Canterbury, Conn., was bom in Med- ' 
field 39 Oct, 1663, seventh child of ** VIH Edward;" married Dec. 10, 1691, Patience, ' 


daiL of Thomas Ellis, of Medfidd, moved- about 1690 to CatUirbury^ Windham Ca,. 
Conn., of which he was one of the early settlers. Issue, Johtt^ etc. 

John Adams, son of Henry and Patience (Ellis) Adams, married Abigail » 

d. 1763. Issue, y^A^r^— — • 

John Adams, son of John and Abigail Adams, b. at Canterbury, Conn., Febu 
19, 1745; married Oct 5, 1769, Mary Parker, dau. of John and Jemima Parker, of 
Reading, Mass.; she was b. at Needham, Mass., Sept. 33, 1747, d. Oct it, 1798. He 
served as captain in a Mass. Co. in the Revolutionary War; died at Canterbury, Dec. 
10, 1818. Issue, John, b. Sept 18, 177s; Joshua, Polly, Parker, Abigail, Anna, Mo* 
ses, Ludba, AureUa, Charles. 

John Adams, h. at Canterbury, Sept 18, 1773, son of John and Mary (Parker) 
Adams, m. 8 May, 1798, Elizabeth Ripley, dau, of Gamaliel and Elisabeth (Hebard) 
Ripley, a descendant in the sixth generation from Governor William Bradford; grad* 
uated at Yale 1795. Taught a classical school at Canterbury, . also at the Bacon 
Academy, Colchester, Conn. In i8zo moved to Andover, Mass., and became Prin* 
cipal of Phillips' Academy. In 1835 moved to Jacksonville, IlL, where he died 34 
April, 1863, ae. 90 years. His wife, Elizabeth Ripley, died 33 Feb., 1839; married 
second, Mabel Burritt, 30 Aug., 1831. Issue: Marj^ Gamaliel, John^ Ripley Perkins^ 
EUzabilk Ripley^ *William (Rev.), b. at Colchester, Conn., 35 Jan., 1807; Harriet^ 
Abbey Atm^ Emily Jane^ Henry Parker^ Pkebe Pkillips. 

RE.V. WILLIAM ADAMS, son of John .\dams, of Canterbury, Conn., and 
Jacksonville, 111., was bom in Colchester, Conn., 35 Jan., 1807; died at Orange 
Mountain, N. J., 31 Aug, 1880. 

His father was Principal of the Bacon Academy at Colchester, Conn., whence he 
removed in 1810 to assume charge of the Phillips Academy at Andover, Mass. His 
mother was Elisabeth Ripley, a direct descendant of Governor Bradford. He was 
prepared for college at Andover and graduated at Yale in 1817. He was Pa&tor of 
the Evangelical Congregational Church in Brighton, Mass., from 1831 to 1834, and 
the latter year assumed charge of the Central Presbyterian Church in Broome street. 
New York. In 1853 his congregation founded the Madison Square Presbyterian 
Church, whose pastorate he resigned in 1873. 

HANNAH ADAMS, was bom in Medfield, Mass.. in 1755, ^^^ cli^ in Brook- 
line, Mass., 15 Nov., 1833. She was sixth in descent from Hkkry (i), of Braintree, 
through Henry (3), Henry (3), Thomas and Thomas her father, who was a repu- 
table farmer. She early manifested a love for books, and, while hei playmates were 
engaged in their various games, she was often found hidden away with a book in her 
hand. History, biography, poetry and the classics were her constant reading at an 
eariy age, and so retentive was her memory, that in childhood even she could repeat 
whole passages from Pope, Milton, Young, Thomson, and other poets. She was in 
the habit of writing a sort of criticism on all subjects that came under her perusal. 
She also acquired a pretty thorough knowledge of I«atin and Greek through the aid 
of some students who boarded in her father's family. Her father lost his property 

•Set iketdi of Rsv. Wf ixiAM Adams. 


when she was about seventeen years old, and she was com|ielled to adopt means to 
support herself, which she did by making lace and in teachini^ Her literary efforts 
were mainly religious and not very remunerative. Her ^ View of Religious Opin*- 
ions," published in 1784, republished later as a *' Dictionary of Religions,** and her 
** History of New England/* published in 17991 8^^^ ^^^ prominence xs a writer, and 
among her literary friends was Abbe Gregoire, with whom she carried on an exten- 
sive correspondence, and was assisted by him in preparing her ** History of the Jews,'* 
published in 1812. The latter part of her life was passed in a happy circle of friends 
in Boston, by whom she was greatly beloved for her many amiable, virtues and the (ex- 
ceeding simplicity of her manners, and who gladly contributed to her support. 

ISAAC ADAMS was bom in Rochester, N. H., in 1805; died in Sandwich, N. H., 
19 July, 1883. He was descended from Henry, of Braintree. At an early age in life 
he developed a taste for mechanics, and showed considerable inventive genius. His 
education was limited. He began life as a factory operative, and later learned the 
trade of cabinet making, and in 1824 obtained employment in a. machine shop in 
Boston. In 1828 he invented what is known as the Adams Printing Press, which has 
since come into almost universal use, and effected complete revolution in the printing 
business. He made numerous improvements at various times, and kept pace with 
competitors. Theilistinctive feature of the Adams press is that the impression is given 
by lifting a flat bed with its form against a stationary platen. He became early asso- 
ciated with his brother Seth, and they carried on business together for a number of 

SETH ADAMS, younger brother of Isaac, was bom in Rochester, N. H., 13 April, 
1807; died in Newtown, Mass.,. 7 Dec., 1873. He began life as an apprentice to a 
cabinet maker and, after attaining his majority, worked in a machine shop in Boston. 
He began the manufacture of machinery in 1831, and in 1833 joined his brother in 
the manufacture of the printing press, and later acquired the exclusive right of mak- 
ing it The business was carried on for many years, until 1856, under the firm name 
of I. & S. Adams. He took charge of the Adams Sugar Refinery in 1849, then the 
largest of the kind in the United States. He left a large fortune, and established the 
Adams Nervine Asylum for Hypochondriacs, at West Roxbury, Mass. He also gave 
liberally to other benevolent and educational institutions. 

CHARLES WINTHROP ADAMS, of Cambridge, Mass., was bom at Dover. 
N. H., Dec. 29, 1842. His line of descent from Hknry, of Braintree, is through Jo- 
seph, eighth son of Henry, b. 1626; Joseph (2), b. 1654, d. 1736, age 82; Rev. Jo* 
SKPH (3), b. Quincy, Mass., Jan. 4, 1688, d. Newington, N. H., May 20, 1783, age 
95 {fit biographical sketch and homestead^ p. 8, of Rev. Joseph Adams, of Newington, 
N.Il.)l Benjamin, son of Rev. Joseph, b. Jan, x8, 1729, d. March 24, 1803, age 74 
years; Nathan Webb, b. May 16^ 1756 (new style), d. April, 23, 1831, ae. 75 years; 
WiNTHROP, b. June 8« 1787, d. Dec. ix, 1841, age 54 years, 6 months; Charles 
Wesley, of Dover, N. H.,b. July 13, 1813, r<»idcd in Dover, d. Feb. 2, 1891. He 
was the father of Charless Winthrop Adams. The following is the complete record 


18 UittTuttY CIV Tiix Adavh Family. 

of Charies Wiothrop Adams, from Rev. Joseph Adams, of Newtngton, who married 
Elisabeth Janvrin Oct 13, 1720; they had issue: Elisabeth, b. 13 Oct^ 1721, d. 13 
FeU, 1733; Joseph, b. 17 Jan., 173a, ''on Thursday morning about six of the clock;** 
Ebenexer, b. 4 Sept, 1736, d Nov., 1764, age 38 years. 

Joseph Adams^ bom in 1654, died 1736, aged 83; Quincy, Mam. 

Jtev. Joseph Adams^ bom in Quincy, Mass.» January 4, 1688, died at Newington, 
N. H., May 30, 1783, aged 95. Graduated at Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass.; 
first minister in Newington, was ordained November 16, 1715; uncle of John Adams, 
second President of the United States. He was pastor of the church in Newington, 
N. H., sixty-eight years, from 17 15 to 1783. 

Btn/amiM^ bom January, 18, 1739, died Marc\34, 1803 

Nathan Webb, bora May 16, 1756 ^ New Style**), died April 33, 1831. 

WiMihrop^ Newington, N. H., bom June 8, 1787, died December 11, 1841, aged 
54 years, 6 months. 

Charles Wesley^ Dover, N. H., bora July 13, 1813, resided in Dover, N. H., died 
February 3, 1891. 

Rev. Joseph Adams was married to Elizabeth Janvrin Octolier 13, 1730; issue ; 
Elizaieih^ bora October 13, 1731, died Febraary 13, 1733. 
Joseph^ bora January 17, 1733, ''on Thursday moraing about six of the clock.'* 
Ebeneter^ bora September 4, 1736, died November, 1764, aged 38 years. 
Benjamin^ bora January 18, 1739, died March 34, 1803, '' at rs o'clock M. in the 
74th year of his age." 

Joseph^ died March 33, x8or, in the 79th year of his age. 

John Shackford and Ruth Webb Adams married April so, 1777. 

Benjamin Adams^ Esq.^ was married to Abigail Pickering '* on June ye 6th, 

James Adorns^ tiora June ye 33, 1753, '' Old Stile." 
Elizabeth Adams^ bora October 15, i7S4> ''New Stile," 
Nathan Webb Adams, bora May 16, 1756, <' New Stile.'* 
Ruth Webb Adams, bora May 33, 1758, '' New Stile." 
Mary Adams, l)ora August 13, 1760, *' New Stile." 
Abigail Adams, bora October 34, 1770, " New Stile." 
Benjamin Adams^ born November i, 1773, '^ New Stile." 
Thomas Adams^ bora June 4, 1779, '^ New Stile." 

BsirjAMiN Adams maried sd Susanna Brown on April 33, 1784. 
Snsanna^ bora May 36, 1735. 

Nathan Webb Adams was married to Elisabeth Cole Febraary 13, 1783, 
James, died January 13, 1831, at St Domingo, aged 36 years, 10 months and 10 

Abigail, bora the 6th of June in the year 1733, died ye 30th of September, 1781, 

48 years. 

Nathan, dwA March ist day, 1831, in his 31 year of his age, at sea, on his passage 

to Charieston. 


Naiham Webb Aiams^ died April 33, 1831. 

EliMoieik^Mxtt of Nathan Webb Adams, dred October 19, 1848, aged 86 yean. 

PUUmt '* Adamt " (Negro slave), died October 7, 1787, aged 51 years. 

C9M ** Adams** (N^CO sl^ve), bom May 4, 1773, died February 11, i86s» aged 
99 years. 

Xiv. Josiph AdamSt died May so, 1783, aged 95 years. 

JSiisatiiJkp died on February 13, 1733, aged 3 years and 4 months. 

AUgail^ died September 30, 1781, aged 48.years, 3 months, 10 days. 

Jawus^ died on June ro, in erening^ 1793, in the forty«first year of his age. . 

Btnjamin^ died September 15, i8i7,^n the 3Sth year of his age. 

BkifUMiT^ bom September 4, 1736, died in November, 1764, in the 38th year of 
Ids age. 

Second marriage Rev. Joseph Adams and Mrs. Elisabeth Brackett, married Jan* 
vary 3, 1760. 

Joseph Adams, Jr., and Elisabeth Adams, married December 8, 1779. 


Children .of Nathan Webb and Elisabeth Adams. James^ b. Nov. 3, 1784, d< 
Jan. 13, 1831, aged 36 years; /W{r, b. Dec. 3, 1785; ffVu/in^, b. June 8, 1787, d. Dec 
II, 1841; Jokn^ '< Capi.^\ b. Oct 7, 1788; Jnidk^ b. June 7, 1790; NaUy^ b. April 14, 
S79a; Betuy^ b. Feb. 6, 1798; Naikan^ b. Jan. 6, 1801, d. March i, 1831; George^ b. 
May 1, 1803; Xuikf b. April 38,' 1805, d. Dec 31, 1835; William^ b. July 34, 1807; 
Jamis^ d. Jan. is, 1831, aged 36 years. 

Miss Sarah Tappan^ d. ye 18 day of June, 1768, in the 30th year of her age. 

EUMobeik^ wife of Nathan Webb, d. Oct 39, 1848, aged 86. 

Naikan^ d. March i, 1831, aged 31, m. Ruth Webb, dau. of Benjamin. She died j 
Dec. 31, 1835, aged 68. ! 

Caleb ^Negro), d. Feb. 11, 1865, aged 93. 

Capi. John Adams^ d. Jan. 14, 1881, aged 93. 

Wintkrop^ b. at Dover, N. H., June 8, 1787, d. Dec. r r, 1841, m. Dorothy Dame, 
b. March 30, 1791; she d. Feb. 37, 1853. They had issue: 

Wm. SpsMcs^h. Sept 39, 1810, d. June 26, 1845; Ckas. IVesttjf b. July 37, 1813, 
d. Feb. 3, 1891; /^kn Taylor^ b. March so, 1816, d. May 13, 1858; Gto. Albert^ b. 
July 3, xSso, formerly of Dover, N. H., now (1893) residing in Boston, Mass^; Abi' 
gaU Elisabsik^ b. March 3, 1835, d. Sept 33, 1855. 

Wimtkrspf m. at Rochester, N. H., Dorothy Dame (no date), probably 1809. 

IVm. SpsnsSf m. Oct 18, 1835, ^^ Dover, N. *H., Sophronia Mathews. i 

Ckas. IVssl^^ m. Oct 7, 1840, at Berwick, Mc, Ruth Femald. j 

Gi0. Albert^ m. Nov. 36, 1843, No. BamsMul, N. H., Mary Parshley. 

A. £Jizabiik^ m. Jan. 35, 1846, Nathaniel D., who d. May 1, 187s. 

Children of Wm. S. and Sophronia: Ahm Jitlistie^ b. March 8, 1838, d. ^ept 18, 

. Children of Chas. W. and Ruth: Gt0. JViMikrop^ h. December 39, 1841, d. Feb. 
a9, 1843; Ckas. Winikrop^ b. Dec 39, 1843; Emma Jaae^ b. Jan. 36, 1845, d. April 
S4y 1864; fakmAlbsri^ b. Feb. 38, 1847, d. Sept 4, 1849; Gsa. Albert^ b. Sept 16, 
1850; Attnii Btll^ b. May 10, 1853, d. May t^ 1876. 


P-TTT-. ^ ..JA " ly 



Children of Geo. A. and Mary: Laura Etisabeik^ b. Nov. 12, 18489 d. March 13, 
1849; Ella Frames^ b. Feb. 18, 1853, d. June 8» 1869. 

' Children of Abigail Rlixaljetb and N. D.: Gtp. Herbert ^ b. Sept ty 1847, d. May 
I,. 1850. 

Charles Winthrop and Sarah Williams (White) Adams, Cambridge, Main., son: 
WiMtkrop^ b. May 18, 1887. 

Son of N% D. and Abigail Elizabeth, James Edtpard^ b. July 24, 1852. 

Atiamt iMcreiia^Ayer) Adams, Haverhill, Mass., m. Nov. 13, 1872; children, 
IVillU De^neii^ b. April 27. 1874; Everett Gilbert^ b. May 3, 1876, d. Feb. 24, 1879; 
Z^^M {7/ttrr/, b. April 14, 1880. 

Charles Wiiithrop Adams and Sarah Williams White, married at Cambridge, 
Mass., August ist, 1870. 

CHARLES WINTHROP ADAMS. Bom in Dover, N. H., December 29th, 
1842. Educated in public schools and Franklin Academy. Paymaster's clerk U. S. 
Navy, 1862-1863, served on U. S. ships << Ohio,*' '< Tallapoosa,** '' Santee,'* '' Mace- 
donian,** and U. S. Naval Academy. 

Clerk in Dover Post-office in 1864*5 » ^^^^ ^^ Dover National Bank in 1866-7; 
Clerk with Pacific R. R. Ca, Boston office, 1868. Engaged lirith the old firm of Wm. P. 
Sargent iSc Co., and their successors, as Fred. F. Fresichs Sl Ca, Limited, Incorporat- 
ed, in the manufacture and sale of carriages, Ckc, in Boston, from 1869. Now re- 
sides in Cambridge, Mass.; President of some of New Hampshire Clubs ; Member of 
Cambridge and other clubs, Post 186, G. A. R., Kearsarge Naval Veteran Association, 
and other organizations. Justice of the Peace^ Arc., member of Amicable Lodge, A F. 
& A. M., and other Masonic associations. Married, August i, 1870, Cambridge, Mass., 
Sarah Williams White, daughter of Artemas and Angelina (Williams) White, Port- 
land, Me. Have one son, Winthrop (the last of their family line), lK>m May i8th 1887. 

Charles Winthkoh Adams, son of Charies Wesley and Ruth (Femald) Adams. 
Ruth Femald was daughter of Tristram Femald, of Berwick and Shapleigh, Me. 
Tristram was son of Richard, Richard was son of Richard. They settled originally 
in Kittery, Me. 

Uko. Alukkt Auams, son of Winthrop and Dorothy (Dame) Adams, of Roches- 
ter, N. H., was bora in Dover, N. H., July sd, 1820. Educated in the public 
schools in Dover, N. H., married Mary Parshley, of Bamstead, N. H., Nov. 26th, 1842; 
removed to Boston, Mass., in 1848 ; engaged in the manufacture of friction matches 
with the old firm of Byam, Carlton & Ca, for forty-one years. Now retired from 
active business. Resides in Boston. 

REV. AMOS ADAMS, of Roxbury^ Mass.^ the fourth in descent from Henry of 
Braintree, through the eldest son, Henry (1), who settled in Medfield; he married 
Elisabeth Paine, was killed in King Philip's war, while serving as lieutenant of a 
militia company; his son Henry (3), of Medfield, m. Prudence Tracy; their son, Henry 
(4), married Jemima Morse; they also lived in Medfield, and were the parents of the 
Rev. Amos Adams, who married Elizabeth Prentice, of Cambridge; their children, as 
far as known, were Sarak^ m. Giles Richard; Elitabetk^ m. Rev. John Bullard, of 
Pepperhill, Mass.; one daughter m. — — Bass; Tkamasy clergyman, who removed to 



Cani<len» S. C; J^upk^ the youngest child. The Rev. Amos Adams afterwards mar- 
ried Sarah Chauncey. but she had no children. He graduated at Harvard College ill 
i7S3i and was ordained Sept is, 1753. He was the fourth minister of the First 
Church of Roxbury* Mass.^ succeeding Rev. Oliver Peabody. The old house occupied 
by him is still standing. He was an able and very energetic preacher. His voice was 
uncommonly sonorous and plaintive,' and though some were disgusted with the plain- 
ness of his speech and the length of his sermons, yet he was popular in the pulpit, and 
had great influence over the people. He was an ardent patriot from the first, earnest- 
ly co-operating in the efforts of the people to stop importation from the Mother Coun- 
try, and to encoun^ domestic manufactures. An instance of the spirit that pervaded 
all classes at the time is found in the fact that one day in September, 1768, nearly six- 
ty young women of Roxbury, Mass., met at the minister's house and gave Mrs. 
Adams the materials for and the spinning of about one hundred skeins of linen yarn. 
^ Such an unusual and beautiful appearance," says the chronicle, *' drew a great many 
spectators from town and country, who expressed the highest satisfaction at such in- 
dustry." Mr. Adams was scribe of the Convention of ministers at Watertown, which, 
in May, 1775, recommended to the people to take up arms. Assiduous in his labor, 
he not only visited his own scattered parishioners, but also the soldiers stationed 
among them. It is said that after preaching all day to his own people, he addressed 
the regiment (Ninth Mass. Militia, of which he was chaplain) in the open air, and 
that his death, which speedily ensued at Dorchester, October 5th, 1775, was occasioned 
by a fever brought on by this extra exertion and exposure. Dr. Eliot, the biographer, 
says he fell a victim to the prevalent camp dysentery, which spread more than twenty 
miles in the environs of Boston. He was buried with military honors by his own reg- 
iment, on the Saturday following his death, having served nearly twenty-three years 
as minister of the church. 

JOSEPH, youngest child of the Rev. Amos Adams and his wife, Elizabeth Pren- 
tice, lived after his father's death with his stepmother, Sarah Chauncey, and when she 

'died was taken charge of by his father's sister, Ktziah Adams^ who married Dr. Holt* 
of Bristol, Conn. Joseph Adams married Deborah Marsh, of Litchfield, Conn., and 

' resided there until his death in 1856. The children of Joseph and Deborah (Marsh) 
Adams were: 

Sarah, married 'i^racy Peck. 

Betsky, married Charles May. 

Henry, married, had children. 

Amos, married — 

Charles, married Julia M. Hinman. 

William Thomas, unmarried. 

Kbziah Holt, married Henry W. Rogers, of Buffalo, afterwards of Ann .-Vr- 
bor, Mich.; no children. 

John Marsh, third son of Joseph and Deborah (Marsh) Adams, was bom April 
16th, 1801, at Litchfield, Conn*; reihovedin eariy life to Augusta, Ga., where he re- 

r -L A iKt 


HnroKY or thb Adams Family. 


«ided until his death, January aad* 1853; he married Sarah Susanna, daughter of 
Ceorge Galphint G. MacMurphy, and of his wife Keziah Parii Martin. Mr. Mac- 
Murphy was serving as adjuunt of a South Caroh'na Regiment, and died in camp at 
Beaufort, S. C, during the War of 181 a. The children of John Marsh Adams, and 
of his wife Sarah S. MacMurphy were: 

Mary Ksziah, married to Justus Robbins Bulkley. 

Sahah Deborah, married to George Gray MacWhorton. 

JosKPHiNE, married to Gen. Alexander James Perry, U. S. A. 

Elizabeth Bacon, married to Dr. Joshua Henry Rathbone. 

Harriet Henrietta, married to Joseph Ganahl. 

.-Vnna, unmarried. 

Joseph Henry, C. S.' A. Killed at Sanu Rosa Island, October 9th, i86i. 

George MacMurphy. Killed at the battle of Missionary Ridge, Nov. 24, 1863. 

William Marsh, died in infancy. 

John Marsh, unmarried; residing in Nebraska. 

CHARLES ADAMS» of New York City, was bom in Terryville, Litchfield 
county, Conn., May 7th, 1864. He is ninth in descent from Henry (i), of Braintree 
through Henry (3), Henry (3), of Medfield, Henry (4), who married Jemima 
Morse, and had eleven children, of whom Amos was the eldest; Rev. Amos, b. at 
Roxbury, Mass., was a dbtinguished preacher, married Elizabeth Prentice; the issue 
of this marriage was eight children, of whom Joseph^ the seventh child, settled in 
Litchfield, Conn., he was a second cousin of Hannah Adams, the authoress, and 
fourth cousin of President John Quincy Adams. He married Deborah Marsh, of 
Litchfield. They had issue, among other children, Charles, fifth child, bom May 
1 8th, 1805, a man of considerable prominence in his day, and the founder of the 
New Haven Palladium, at one time one of the leading papers in New England, he 
was also editor of the Litchfield Enquirer, and was a man highly esteemed in the com- 
munity. He married Julia M. Hinman, lK>m about 1810, daughter of Scovill Hin- 
man, a direct descendant of '^ Sergeant " Edward Hinman, one of the early settlers of 
Stratford, Conn., in 1651. They had issue, among other children, Joseph Hinman, 
the second child, born in Litchfield, Conn., August 19th, 1833. He was a man of 
fine executive ability, and at the time of his death was President of the Eagle Lock 
Company, having worked his way up to the position from that of a clerk in the office. 
He married Miss Emeline A. McKee, of Terryville, Conn., whose mother was a Miss 
Andrew, a descendant of Samuel Andrew, the second President of Yale College. The 
children of Joseph Hinman and Emeline A. (McKee) Adams, were Emma Louise, 
Adeline, Samuel, Charles and Joseph. Charles, the fourth child and second son, the 
subject of this sketch, was preiiared for college at the Hartford High School, and 
graduated at Yale in 1887. Immediately after graduating, he started in the grain 
commission business, and in Febmary, 1892, formed a copartnership in the banking 
business, under the firm name of Thompson, Adams & Co., of New York City. Mr. 



History of tiib Aj>ax8 Family. 23 

Adams married, October list, 1890, Miss Alice Sherman, daughter of John T. Sher- 
man, of Brooklyn, a descendant of Roger Sherman, of New Haven, Conn., one of the 
signers of the Declaration of Independence, and who was the great great grandson 
of Johm^ of Dedham, England, b. 1613, and came to New Eng^d in 1634. 

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, of St PauU Minn., was bom in Canaan, Conn.» 
April 19th, 18379 he is eighth in descent from Henry Adams, of Braintree, through 
Simari A., Henry A.^ /^H^% one of the founders of the church at New Marlboro, 
October, 1744; Ssmwm^ Aaron and Dr. Lndtts^ his father. He is also descended from 
Capt Edward Johnspn, author of the celebrated colonial record, ^ Wonder-working 
Providence, &&/* and from Moses Cleveland, of Wobum, the ancestor of President 
Clevdand, of Robert Walker, of Boston, Capt Thomas Bull, of Saybrook fame, and 
other welUknown Massachusetts colonists. The mother of Mr. Adams was Eliza 
Prentice, daughter of Rev. Chas. Prentice, a descendant of Valentine, of Roxbury, 
Mass., and of Capt John P., of New London. Ebenezer Smith, the great grandfather 
of Mr. Adams, was a Capt in the Revolutionary War, his brother, David Smith, being 
a CoL Capt Smith served throughout the war, was specially trusted by Washington, 
and was one of the original members of the Society of the Cincinnati 

Mr. Adams was educated at Stockbridge, Mass., and earned his first money as 
amanuensis of G. P. R. James, the novelist At the age of fifteen he entered the 
Housatonic Bank, at Stockbridge, and soon after accepted a position as teller of the Pitts- 
fidd (Mass.) Bank,where he.remaineduntil his departure for Euroi)e in z858,in company 
with a son of the late Rev. Dr. Todd. The following year he accepted a position as cash- 
ier under Sir Casimir Gzowski and Sir David Macpheison, of Toronto, Canada, large- ] 
ly interested in iron works. Mr. Adams removed to New York City in 1865, where 
he was engaged in the banking business until his emigration to Minnesota in 1873. 
Since that time he has been occupied in promoting the movement of wheat, first as a 
representative of David Dows Si Co., and afterwards as Pres. of the Northern Pacific 
Elevator Co., and is at present (1893) engaged in the grain business at Minneapolis 
in company with his only son. Mr. Adams married, May 17th, 1865, Miss Ada 
Walker, daughter of Artemas B. and Adeline Willey Walker. Mrs. Adams is also of 
pure New England ancestry, being a direct descendant of Henry Wolcott and Mat- 
thew Griswold, the fathers of many Connecticut governors; of the valiant Capt. 
Thomas Colton'and the martyr, John Keep, of Lonmneadow, of Lieut Thomas Fuller, 
the progenitor of Margaret Fuller, of John Lawrence, of Wisset, and of Leonard 
Proctor, the grandfather of our late Secretary of War. 

Issuer John Walker Adams, h. New York City, August 30th, 1866, married, June, 
1888, Priscilla Fentham Horn, daughter of Hon. Henry J. Horn, of St Paul, Minn. 

Chariotte Bell Adams, bom April 8th, 1868, an adopted daughter, married, May, 
1888, to Samuel C. Stickney, son of A. B. Stickney, of St PauL Issue of John Walk- 
er Adams and Priscilla (Horn) Adams, John Walker Adams, bom May i6th, 1867. 

Issue^ Samuel C Stickney and Charlotte (Adams) Stickney, Alpheus John, bom 
1867, died young; Lawrence Charles Stickney, bom August, 1891. 

ANDREW ADAMS, of Mition^ Afass.^ was. bora in Milton, Mass., August lath, 
1735; ^^ oi /okn^ b. Febraary s6th, 1709, who married for his first wife Sarah Swift, 


daughier of C!ciL Samuel Swift, who wan the mother of his children; for his second 
wife he married *^ widow Warren,'* the mother of Gen. Josieph Warren, the hereof 
Hunker Hill. John Adanu was the son of £Jwari (a), who nt. Rachel Saundera; son of 
Jokft^ who m. Ileborah Partridice; Mon of VII Edward^ who m. Lydia RockwcxKl; son 
of J/enry of ISraintree, the emigrant. Andrew Adams married, Dec. i6th, 1757, Ruth 
Wadsworth, daughter of Rev. John Wadsworth. Her grandfather was Benjamin 
Wadsworth, president of Harvard College from 1715 to 1737, the time of his death, 
(ten. Peleg Wadsworth, Adjutant*General of Mass., was her brother. The Wadsworths 
were lineally descended from Priscilla Mullins and John Alden, of Mayflower mem- 
ory. Aildrew Adams ''held a commission under George III, doted 1761— Coroner 
for the County of Suffolk, in our Province of Massachusetts Bay.** He aho held a 
lieutenant's commission in a company of cavalry under the English government, and 
at the commencement of hostilities at Lexington, he volunteered for his country, and 
served until the English evacuated Boston, thus showing himself truly an American by 
giving up his English commission. . He fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill, where his 
kinsman, Warren, fell, and so many of his name were killed and captured. His name 
was mentioned in the miscellaneous rolls of Mass. as an officer in Col. Robertson's 
regiment, 'Uhat traveled to Roxbury and served as a standing company in the defense 
of lilierty before a standing army was completed, after the battle of Concord.'* He is 
again found ** marching with Lieut. CoL Wherlock, on an alarm for Bennington, when 
the enemy was there." After the war, in 1802, Col. .\ndrew Adams removed with his 
family to I^ncaster, N. H., where he died April 14th, 1833, aged 98 years and 8 
months. In the Norfolk Adreriiser ot May X4th, 1833, his obituary ap|)eared em- 
liodying the above factn and reading ^ Andrew Adams, Esquire, an officer of the Rev« 
olution, formerly of Milton, Mass." His wife died Oct. 37th, 1820, aged 83. Many 
remarkable stories are related 6f his great physical strength and courage, his wonder- 
ful energy and activity at an advanced age. When past his eightieth year with a par- 
ty of pioneers he ascended Mt. Washington, when not so much as a foot*paih had 
been made. On the morning of his death he rode on horseback eight miles. Re- 
turning home he seated himself to rest, and passed gently away in his sleep. The 
children of Andrew and Sarah (Swift) Adams were: Jsaac^ Audrtw^ Lncy^ John^ Ruth^ 
Lemuel^ Benjamin, b. March 25th, 1771, of whom hereafter, and A^iv/V. 

BENJAMIN /\I)AM.S, of I^ncaster, N. H., seventh child and fifth ston of An- 
drew and Sarah (Swift) Adams, was l>om in Milton, Mass., March 25,1771. He 
married Sally Lamb, daughter of Thomas Lamb, of Palmer, Mass., Colonel of Conti- 
nental Artillery during the Revolution. They had issue Sally^ Seih^ Harvky, b. 
May IX, 1808, of whom hereafter; Reuben Lamt^ Rebeeca WarrtHy Jokn^ Ruik Ann. 
Benjamin Adams died in 1846; his wife died in 1852. 

HARVEY ADAMS, of r.ancaster, N. H., third child of lienjamin and Sally 
(I«amb) Adams, was liom in I^ncaster, N. H., May 11, i8o8. He married for his 
first wife- Mary Chessman, daughter of Col. Joseph Chessman, one of the early pio- 
neers and original proprietors of that section of country. They had issue one child, 
Charles Harvey. His second wife was Nancy, daughter of Dustin Rowell and Jennie 
Cordon, his wife. Dustin Rowell was a descendant of Valentine Rowell, one of the 
early iiettlersof Salisbury, now Amesbury, Mass., who died May 17, 1663. Samuel 


Hmtoiu of tub Adamh Famha'. 25 

Rowell, the father of busttn, fought through the War of the Revolution, his princi- | 
|Md service being under CoL Alexander Scamrael. Sarah Dustin, the mother of Dus- | 
tin Kowelly was granddaughter of Hannah Dustin, whose story is so familiar to every ! 
school child and reader of Indian wars, and the early settlement of New England. ' 
She stands alone as the only woman in the country honored by a monument, erected ! 
in memory of her heroism by the people. One in Massachusetts, another in New I 
Hampshire, tell the story of her sufferings, endurance and indomitable courage, j 
Dustin Roweirs wife, Jennie Gordon, was a lineal descendant of the Earl of Aberdeen, 
Scotland. Her father, Robert Gordon, was a member of the Committee of Safety 
during the struggle for independence. His wife,. Anne, was a daughter of Robert 
Bunton, one of the earliest settlers of Allenstown, N. H. The father and a ten year 
old brother of Anne were captured by the Indians in 1 748 and carried to Montreal, 
where they remained in captivity eleven months, when they escaped and returned 

Harvey Adams, the subject of this sketch, was prepared for college at the old 
and well known Lancaster (N. H.) Academy. It was his intention to enter Bowdoin ; 
College, from which his old and life long friend, Franklin Pierce, graduted, but \ 
his tastes and inclinations led him to adopt a business career. In addition to - 
this he became possessed in early life of a large estate which reciuired his constant ; 
and unremitting attention. At the age of 2 1 he entered upon a prosperous business i 
career as a carriage manufacturer, which he carried on successfully up to the day of : 
his death. It is a noteworthy fact that he never drew a dollar's salary in his life. He 
gave to charitable and benevolent purposes many thousands of dollars. He |)ossessed . 
large wealth, and at one time was the largest land owner in Northern New Hamp- 
shire. He managed his immense business interests as one who knew that he must 
give an account of his stewardship, and every one of his numerous employees loved 
and respected him as their friend and benefactor, and not an oath or improper word 
was ever uttered by them in his hearing. He was a man who delighted in doing 
good and contributing to the happiness of others. While he had the courage of his 
convictions, he was a man of broad and liberal views, and was the. first one in the 
Adams line to leave the Unitarian and unite with the Methodist Episco|>al Church, 
of which he was a consistent and devoted member up to the day of his death. He' 
built for the society to which he belonged a beautiful church edifice and parsonage, 
which still remain as evidences of his munificence, and his memory is cherished with 
love and affection, not only by those recipients of his bounty, but by all who knew 


** None knew him but to love him. 
None named him but to praise.'* 

He held the position of deacon for 40 years, and that of Sunday school superin«. 
tendent 45 years. His home was known as the ** Home of the Itinerancy," ** a 
prophet's chamber," their being dedicated for the use of the numerous itinerant 
ministers fur which the Methodist Church is noted, who always found a hearty wel- 
come and were loth to leave his hospitable board. He and his wife gave the first 


*^ti iiiMTouY OP TiiK Adams Family. 

communion sen ice to the church, and during his whole life he furnished the wine for 
the sacrament. He was tendered every office in the gift of his follow citixenft, most 
of which he was obliged to decline. He represented his town in the State Legisla- 
ture in iR45-6, and was |iostmaster under President Franklin Pierce. He inherited 
all the military ardor of his distinguished grandfather, and soon after reaching his 
majority he joined the 24th New Hampshire Infantry as private and rose to the rank j 
of captain, a title by which he was ever afterwards known. He was promoted to the 
colonelcy of the regiment and resigned immediately on receiving his commission in 
favor of his friend and partner. He inherited from his ancestors a sinewy frame and 
tall stature, and was conspicuous always for his distinguished mien and fine military 
bearing. He had an unusually symiuithetic heart, resi)onding not only to human 
sorrow, but to acts of self-devotion, to generous words, to magnanimous deeds. He 
was a devoted husband and no better mark of his benignity could be proffered than 
the mutual love between children and himself. Maintaining commonly a certain re- 
serve in public, he exhibited to his intimate friends, and especially in his own family 
circle, those kindly traits which have left so fond a memory there. 

** His Life was gentle : and the elements 

So mix'd in him, that Nature might stand up 

And say to all the world. This was a man" 

'J'he children of HarVey and Nancy Dustin (Rowell) Adams were Horace Turntr^ 
b. March 31st, 1835, d. Feb. 7th, 1892; Mary Elizabeth^h. Dec. 1836, d. Oct. 
2d, 1S51; Nellie Harriet^ b. Oct. 11th, 1838, m. George M. Guild; Flora^ b. July 
24th, 1S40, of whom hereafter; Sadie Blaisdell^ b. Aug. 23d, 1842, of whom hereafter; . 
Emily Amelia^ b. Nov. 1844, d. soon; Julia Frances^ b. June 19th, 1846, m. William 
Henry Jones; y!^A/t Quiney^ b. Oct. 26th, 1848, of whom hereafter; Henry Edward^ b. 
.April 2ist, 1851, m. Marion AVheelock, d. March 2d, 1890; Jennie Gordtm^ b. Feb. 
15th, 1853, m. De Volney Everett; Clara Esielle^ b. Feb. 24th, 1855, m. Charles E. | 
Parks, d. May 22d, 1878. ' 

MRS. FLORA ADAMS DARLING, of Washington, D.C., fourth child, and 
third daughter of Harvey and Nancy Dustin (Rowell) Adams, was bom in Lancaster, • 
N. H., July 24th, 1840. When quite young she married General E. L Darling (sub- ! 
sequently C. S. A.) of Kentucky, who was killed during the war, leaving her a widow 
• among strangers, with a little boy only two years old. Desiring to return to her father's 
home she was granted a passport by the Federal authorities, but was subsequently 
arrested and sent to prison by them, an act in direct violation of a flag of truce. 
While in custody of the New Orleans officials, her trunks were robbed of a casket of 
jewels, and several thousand dollars worth of gold-bearing cotton bonds. These she 
never recovered — the authorities protesting that they were powerless to act upon the 
case. Mrs. Darling, after her return North, called on President Lincoln, and stated j 
her case, which he recognised as a just one, and manifested his intention to see it i 
righted. His untimely death prevented it however, and for more than twenty years 
it has l)een in litigation, supported by eminent counsel who knew that she would ulti- \ 
mately succeed in recovering not only principal and interest, but compensation for ^ 
the hardshi|)s to which she was subjected. On May T2th, 1884, she filed her claim in 
the U. S. Court of Claims, setting forth the facts, viz.: that she was " the widow of Gen. 



Edward Irving Darling of Ixiuiibna, an uffii-er 
in the Confederate army, who wax killtKl in the 
service in Tennessee, Nov., 1863," &c.,and she 
** petitions the United States Court of Claims for 
Tcimbtuaementof^he value of personal property 
taken from her by United States authority, when 
under Federal flag of trace, Jan , 1S64, and for 
damages sustained for false imprisonment and 
personal injury, when under guaranteed protec- 
tion.'* She states that a permit was granted her 
to enter New Orleans, over the official stgnatuie 
of Gen. Bonks, commanding the Department of 
the Gulf; that she had " never in the slightest 
degree engaged in public oif airs, or had she at any 
time betrayed either Federal or Confederate 
cause io any way.** She took her peisonal pos- 
sessions with her, being assured that " tt was not 
considered contraband to take property out of 
the Confederacy;" and that after the arrival of 
the boat at New Orleans, " during the absence of the flag of truce officer, while the 
white flag was still flying from the mait, a sergeant of the U. S. Army, claiming to act 
under orders of the Ptovost Marshal of the Department of the Gulf, came on bMrd the 
boat," opened and examined her trunks, talcing therefrom gold-bearing cotton bonds 
and other securities to the value of 916,103.00. The total claim of Mrs. Darling, in- 
cluding interest for twenty years, and " personal damages sustained by overt violation 
of flog of truce," was $50,000. The " findings of Facts" the Court of Claims filed May 
31st, 1887, was strictly in accordance with the facts asset fonh. The Bill, as passed by 
Congress, disallowed the claim for $10,000 in Confederate cotton bonds, but allowed 
the sum of $5,673 " in full satisfaction of all claims growing out of her arrest, imprison- 
ment, and the seizure of her property while under the protection of a safe conduct of the 
United States." The House of Representatives passed a bill for Mrs. Darling's relief 
five separate times without opposition — once when Gen. Banks was a member of Con- 
gress — but the bill was invariably defeated in the Senate. Senator Evarts, on Jan. i3thF 
1890, in the 51st Congress, introduced " A Bill for the relief of Mrs. Flora Adams 
Darling," authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States to pay to 
her " the sum of five thousand six hundred and seventy-three dollars, out of any 
money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, as compensation for property 
taken from her while she was under the protection of a flag of truce of the United 
Statea." For neoriy a quarter of a century Mrs. Dariing has continued to press her 
chum, and her efforts have been characterized by that indomitable will, energy and 
perseverance, peculiar to the Adams family, but thus far without success. 

She is a favorite writer, a good talker, a true friend, and always an agreeable 
companion. Although a New Hampshire woman, she was proud of her husband's 
war lecord, and when her only son was old enough, he was sent to his father's native 
Sute, Kentucky, to be educated—" Military lostitnte." He it a young man of great 

28 HiNTOitr OP TiiK AiuuM Family. 

prornue, having composed the miuiic of two operas and several songs, whQe still 
in hb teens. The first of his songs was comixised before he had studied a note of 
music. Mrs. Darling has all her life been in the social atmosphere of the greiit men 
and women closely associated with National affairs. Judge Black was one of the 
oldest and truest friends. President Pierce was one of her childhood friends, and his 
affection continued during hb life. He visited her father after hb election for Presi- 
dent, and gave her a beautifully bound volume of the Constitution with the dedica* 
tion, ^ To the child of my heart/* and while President he gave her the nucleus of 
her first library, and corresponded regulariy with her. Mrs. Dariing has been a 
voluminous and successful writer. The fcdlowtng b a criticbm on the ** Social 
Diplomal,'* the most widely known and popular of her works, copied from the ITrw 
York HtrdItU ^ K novel by Mrs. Flora Adams Darling b on our table, and b un- 
deniably a work of rare merit. The plot interest and the style charms us. Dealing 
with people of refinement and wealth, endowed with the highest intellectual qualities, 
the story carries us from Washington to Europe, thence back to progressive America, 
and on the classic shores of the Hudson the closing scene in the drama is enacted. 
On the whole, the work is one of graceful and pleasant description *of iK>werful shad- 
ing of the, most difiicult of society picturing.** The greatest achievement of her life 
was the founding of the Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Her 
first attempt towards founding patriotic societies was made in Washington, where she 
gathered a few ladies together and organized a small society, which she called the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, but a stubborn element of discord found lodg- 
ment there, and grew apace, necessitating a new organization. Under the advice of 
a friend she then directed her energies to bring out of the ruin something beautiful, 
and worthy the cause it was designed to commemorate. Thb last movement has 
proved so popular and widespread, that it has been organized on a basis broad enough 
to comprise all Americans of lineal Revolutionary descent, wherever they may be 
found. The aims and purposes of the Daughters of the Revolution as projected by 
Mrs. Darling are purely patriotic: to inculcate a love of American institutions 
and customs, to foster a reverence for American ancestry and hbtory, and to 
collect in a museum all the Revolutionary relics that can be acquired. Mrs. 
Dariing, in a paper entitled •* American Aristocracy," says: ** We want a broad- 
er conception of lilierty, a loftier vision of duty, a grander appreciation of life, and a 
society like ours should be an educator, and by association lend an influence effectual 
and enduring. It b imperative and should be absolutely understood and enforced, if 
necessary, that in all social and official acts, members should avoid even the semblance 
of sectional feeling, or of political or religious partisanship, thereby the more effec- 
tually aiding to bring all descendants of the heroes of the Revolution together in thb 
organization, whose watchword should be patriotbm pure and unalloyed. Let our 
iSociety rest uiion a comprehensive basis, ;uid give true descendants of American 
patriots, be they rich or poor, a warm welcome to membership, but at the same time 
we should guard with care the right to be admitted, and investigate with caution the 
claim to accomplish the object we intend to perpetuate. We want the descendants of 
the men of 1776 to unite with us, and keep alive the traditions and facts that have 
made Americans famous; to foster pride in their children in the deeds of their ances- 

-- F 

HraTORY OF TiiK Adamh FAailLY. 29 

toiHy and to look forward to posterity from an American |x>int of view, and through 
word and deeds let their creed be known and read by all men. * I was bom an 
American, I have lived an American, I shall die an American/ " She also founded 
the Society of ** iSii." 

SADIE BLAISDELL (ADAMS) SMITH, of J^ew York Ciiy, fifth child and 
fourth daughter of Harvey and Nancy Dustin (Rowell) Adams, sister of Mrs. Flora 
Adams Dariing, was bom in Lancaster, N. H., Aug. 23d, 1842. She was educated at 
the Lancaster (N.H.) Academy, and on Oct. ist, 1865, was married to Captain Le 
Roy Sunderiand Smith, a native of Jackson, N. H., who served with distinction dur- 
ing the Civil War as a cavalry ofiScer in the Union army, and at the close of the war 
was attached to Gen. Kilpatrick's staff. He was captured at the battle of Port Hud- 
son, and was confined for nearly two years in the famous Libby Prison. He is lineal- 
ly descended from Gov. Wentworth, the first Colonial Governor of New Hampshire. 
Mrs. Smith inherits those intellectual gifts that have distinguished others in her line 
of descent. She would doubtless have excelled as a writer of fiction had circum- 
stances or environment conduced to this end. She is gifted with the power of im- 
agination, but being of a happy joyous nature, and having experienced few of the ills 
of life she leans naturally to the poetical side of human nature; however, being of a 
most sympathetic nature, she feels and pities the sorrows of others. 

She excels as a letter writer, is brilliant and interesting as a conversationalist, and 
the limited extent to which she has exercised her literary talent, shows her to be an 
easy and graceful writer. 

A great reader and possessing a retentive memory, she is always supplied with 
an abundance of material both interesting and attractive to her numerous friends. 
She is especially fond of historical research, and describes events with clearness, 
conciseness and simplicity. Therefore she is eminently fitted for her position of 
Historian General of the Daughters of the Revolution, and in this office she can do 
much to promote and advance the objects of the Society. She is also Historian 
General of the U. S. Daughters 1812. She is equally gifted as an elocutionist, and 
would have made her mark as an actress, having not only a fine voice and a superb 
figure, but always self-possessed, easy and graceful in her manner, energetic and 
earnest in expression. She is a devoted wife, and her married life has been a peace- 
ful and happy one. She is of a religious nature and is a devout and active mem- 
ber of the Episcopal church. 

All of the sons and daughtess of Harvey and Nancy Adams who reached matur- 
ity married into families dating back to early Colonial times. The first son of Har- 
vey and Nancy Adams, Horace, married the great granddaughter of Gen. Jacob 
Bailey, a brave officer, who led the Green Mountain boys to victory. The second 
daughter, Nellie, married a descendant of Major Aaron Guild, of Dedham, Mass., 
who, when a messenger from Lexington came galloping through the towns announc- 
ing that war had begun, was in the field ploughing. Leaving the plow in the furrow 
and the oxen standing, he hastened to his home, took down his favorite King's arms, 
mounted his horse and departed for the scene of action. 

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, of New York Ciiy, eighth child and second son of 
Harvey and Nancy Dustin (Rowell) Adams, was bom in I«ancaster, N. H., October 


UlHTllltV OF TIIK AlM^M b\\M[LV. 


36» 184H. Named I'nint hiii illustriouH ancestor, he inherited many of his charactells* 
ticsiy which have greatly conduced to his success in life. He was educated at the 
l«ancaster (N. H.) Academyi the same institution at which his father, mother, broth* 
era and sLstera were educated. He studied law for a time, but Blackstone had no at* 
tractions for him and he gave up his law studies to enter a mercantile life. At the . 
age of 18 he received through Robert, J. Walker, ex-Secretary of the Treasury under 
President Andrew Johnson, an appointment in the New York Custom House. After 
three yean' service there, he obtained a position in the wholesale dry goods house of 
Arnold, Constable & Co., with whom he remained eight years, since which time he 
has been engaged in the wholesale wine importing business. He is a frequent con* 
tributor to the press, and is a writer of well known ability. Under the nam de flume 
of Jaqua (formed from the initials of his name), he wrote a series of lettera entitled 
'* A Trip Across the Continent,'* which attracted widespread attention. He has also 
written a number of miscellaneous poems, which have appeared from time to time in 
magazines and periodicals in different parts of the country. 

He has in' his possession the sword cane carried by Samuel Adams during the 
^ days which tried men's souls,'* and presented by him to his cousin, Andrew Adams. 
This relic has been handed down from father to son, and is duly prized by its present 
owner. Mr. Adams is prominent in social circles; he is a member of the Society of 
the Sons, of the American Revolution, of the Fifth Avenue Democratic Club, the 
Narrag;ansett Club and ether organizations. He married Marie Adele Nogrin, daugh- 
ter of Paul Negrin. She comes of a family who for several generations have filled 
prominent places as jurists, physicians and other professions, many of whom have 
1>een distinguished as poets and writera of great merit The home of her paternal an- 
cestor was in Cannes, France, on the shores of the Mediterranean; her maternal an- 
ceston were Huguenots, who for several generations lived at their chateau near 
Bordeaux, France. The children of John Quincy and Marie Adule (Negrin) Adams 
SLtti^JoAii Dortic^ b. Sept 13, 187 1, deceased; Florence Labouisse^ b. March 4, 1873; 
Fraiieis Alexandre^ b. May xi, 1874; George Washington^ b. June 25, 1876, deceased, 
and Gordon Dusiin^ b. June 25, 1877, deceased. Mr. Adams' wife is President Gen- 
eral of The Columbian Daughters, 1892, a newly founded society. His only daugh- 
ter, Florence Labouisse, is private secretary to her aunt, Mrs. Flora Adams Darling, 
founder of the Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution and U. S. War 
i8i2, and is also secretary of the Columbian Daughters, 1892. Francis .Alexandre, 
the third child and second son, is a young man of great promise and fine literary at- 
tainments. At the age of 15 he established the Gotham Monthly^ as editor and pro- 
prietor, he carried it on successfully for a year, when it became the exponent of the 
Daughtera of the Revolution under the name of the Adams Magazine. He did not give 
up the magazine until his entrance to the College of the City of New York, preparatory 
to entering Harvard, being obliged to devote his whole time to his studies. He is an 
athlete of note, and has won two medals for his college. He is an active member of 
the Phrenocosmia Literary Society of his college and a member of the Theta Delta 
Chi Fraternity. 


HurroBY of the Adajch .Family. 31 

HENRY HERSCHEL ADAMS, of Niw York Ciiy, wan lH>rn in Collam«r» 
<)hio» July 9th^ 1844. He is eighth in deaicent from Itenry (i) of llraintreet through 
Henry (2) and Elizabeth Paine: — AfouSy fourth child of Henry (2), who married 
I«ydia Whitney, and lived in that part of Sherbom now known as Hollistin: — James 
{r), third son and seventh child of Moses, bom July 7th, 1693, lived in Sherbom, 
married Abigail Hill, had issue three sons and three daughters:— yitiMr^x (2), bom 
November 8th, 1746, eldest son and first child, resided in Sherbom, married Rebecca 
Fairbanks: he had issue Bem^mi^ eighth child, bom December 31st, 1754, married 
Snsannah Chamberlain, daughter of Jacob Chamberiain of Dudley, Mass.: issue, 
Dolly Lottwell, Susannah, Rebecca, Nancy, Sarah, Phebe, George and Lcwell 
Zionard^ who was the father of Henry H. Adams. He was bom at Dudley, Mass., 
May 30th, X790; served in the war of 181 2; his grandfather, James, served in the war 
of the Revolution. He carried on successfully the business of manufacturing jewel- 
er for many years at Providence, R. I. He married, first, Maria Lydia Gladden, by 
whom he had one child, Snsannah C; married, second, Hepzebah Thayer, daughter 
of John Thayer, of Surrey, N. H., Sept 13th, 1828, and soon after moved to Dover,! 
Ohio, then to Collamer, Ohio, where he died December 4th, 1859. By his second, 
wife he had issue, Edwin L., bom May 8th, 1833; Williamina, bom November i2th,| 
1835; ChariesB., bom September 13th, 1837; Mary L., born April 27th, 1839;! 
Edward L., bora August 26th, 1841; and Henry Herschel, the subject of this 
sketch, who now (in 1893) is the only surviving child of Lowell Leonard. 

The mother of Mr. Adams was a descendant of Ephraim Thayer of Brainlree, 
Mass., who married a daughter of Samuel Bass, whose wife was a daughter of John 
Alden,* b. iii England 1599, and Priscilla Mullens of the Mayflower, and landed at 
Plymouth, Mass., December, 1620. 

The educational advantages of Mr. Adams were very limited. He attended 
Shaw Academy for a time, but owing to the death of his father was compelled to leave 
school at the age of thirteen to earn his own living. Naturally a student he constant- 
ly applied himself to study, thereby laying the foundation for the applied science in 
iron (the department in business to which he subsequently turned his attention) and the 
taste for literature, to which h^vas ardently devoted. He began his business career 
in a humble way with a firm in Cleveland, Ohio, continuing, with fair prospects of ad- 
vancement, until the breaking out of the war. Although but seventeen years of age, 
he was fired with the same spirit of patriotism that animated his worthy ancestors in 
the days that '' tried men's souls,*' and determined to offer his services in defense of the 
imperilled liberties of his country. In August, 1862, he enlisted in Company itr, 
125th Reg't Infantry Ohio Vols., Col. Emerson Opdyke commanding^ and with it 
went immediately to the front His first engagement was at the battle of Franklin, 
Tenn., fought October 13th, 1862. He afterwards took part in the battle of Triune, 

* Joha Aides, magitlrsts of the PtymcMiUi colony, b. In England 1999. <ll^ i* lHttlmry» Mass., 
1687, Ahhengh t)ie yovngcsl of the IHlgrimik, hs becams ons of the mott impoitaBt ncnbtrs of the 
colony. Tho romance of hto conrtship with PriicilUi Mnllcm, In which, as the ** ptoxy** of the fanHmt 
Capt Miles Slaadlsh, bo was aant to ask* for bar band in marriaga for bis mattci^aad bcr reply— 
^ Wby don't yo« aik for yovnalf* John ?* to beauiifully detcribed In LongfeHow^i longer poems, tba 
jcqnd of which was bis martiage wttb Pritctlla Mallena In i6si. 



liitrrouv OF TiiK Auamk i*\\3iii«v. 

Tenn., /une 9th, 1863, Chattanooga, August 21st, 1863, Chicamauga, Sept 13d, 1863. 
Two days )M:fore the latter engagement, he was the bearer of the first dispatch from 
Col. Anderson, apprising Kosecrans that Long^treet had joined Hood. He took 
part in the battle of New Hoi>e Church, Ga., May^ 35th to June sth, 1864, Kenesaw 
Mountains, June loth, July ad, 1864, and Resaca, Oct. 12th, 1864. He was stationed 
for a time at Nashville, Tenn., and appointed special agent in charge of the military 
mails for the division of the Mississippi In the autumn of 1864, while at Athens, At^.^ 
he, with 500 of the garrison, were surprised and captured by Forrest's cavalry, and 
sent to Cahaba, Ala., sixty miles from Anderson viUe, where for three months he was 
confined in a prison pen, with 2,500 prisoners in a space of about half an acre. The 
sufferings at this place were second only to those at Andersonville. Their rations 
consisted of the coarsest kind of food, all of which was moldy and sour, unfit for beasts 
much less human beings. Asa result. sickness prevailed to an alarming extenL and 
from ten to a dozen dead were carried out daily and dumiMsd into a common ditch, the 
mortality averaging about 300 a month. The strong, robust constitution of Mr. Adams, 
and his strict attention to sanitary measures, saved him from the untimely end that 
befel so many of his qomrades. Mr. Adams was closely associated with General 
Emerson Opdycke during his entire term of service. He was appointed as aid on 
General Opdycke*s staff, but declined the position. After the war he was in con- 
stant correspondence with General Opdycke during the preparation of the Iatter*s 
manuscripts on the battles of Chicamauga and Missionary Kidge. These original 
manuscripts, which were forwarded to the Comte DeParis, are now in the [possession 
of Mr. Adams, together with letters from the French Historian concerning same. At 
the close of the war he returned to Cleveland, Ohio, where he engaged in the iron 
business, and subsequently became known as one of the ablest iron ex^ierts in the 

He took a leading position in business and social circles, and was greatly beloved 
by his fellow citizens for his many noble and manly qualities. He took a special in- 
terest in educational matters, was elected a member of the Cleveland Board of Edu- 
cation, and was foremost in his efforts to promote the cause. He was a delegate in 
1 881 to the Boston ** Free Ship '* Convention, and was one of the Committee, consist- 
ing of Winser, Lincoln, Webb, Snow, Parsons, Sewell and Roach, to lay the proceed- 
ings of that Convention before the Senate at Washington, resulting in the defeat of 
the famous " Free Ship " Bill, so urgently pressed by its advocates. 

New business enterprises of great importance necessitated his removal East in 
1882, thus severing the ties that for more than fifteen years had bound him to the 
city of his adoption, where he had achieved some of his most important business 
successes. Before his departure for his new field of operation he received letters 
from his fellow citizens and business associates expressive of their high appreciation 
of his many nobl^qualities. 

Mr. E. R. Perkins, President of the Mercantile National Bank of Cleveland, 
wrote to his New York friends, ^ Mr. H. H. Adams is a gentleman whom I have 
known for more than fifteen years in a business way. He is a man of unquestioned 
integrity, of energy and business capacity of a very high order.'* 

Mr. Daniel Martin, President of the Clevekind Board of Trade, wrote:— '^ His 


HlKTOllY OK TliK Al>AMH l*\\MILY» 33 

departure from this City is regretted by all business men.'* In 1883 he liecame as* 
sociated with the Coleraine Iron Co. at Redington^ Pa., and three years later re- 
moved to New York City, where he became connected with some of the largest Uusi- 
ness enterprises in the country. 

On his departure for Scotland in 1889, an old business acquaintance, an' iron 
merchant of Cleveland, wrote to a Glasgow house:—'' I have known Mr. Adams for 
^the past twenty-four years, and have had very large business transactions with him, 
^ and have always found him perfectly reliable in every way. He was connected ** 
^ with the Cleveland Board of Trade for many years, and was the representatwe of '^ 
^' that body at several conventions, and also to Congress in behalf of the commercial 
** interest of Cleveland. For the past twenty years he has been prominent in the iron 
^ trade of this country, and I regard his knowledge as equal if not sui>erior to that 
^of any expert in this line, especially in the practical use of foundry iron."* In 1890 
Mr. Adams was elected President of the Columbus & Hocking Coal Sc Iron Co., rep- 
resenting a syndicate of six of the largest coal and. iron companies in Ohio (Capital 
$5,000,000), with an output of one million tons of coal per annum. In June, 1891, he 
was elected President of the Henry H. Adams & Co. (incorporated), a stock com* 
pany carrying on a large iron busineu. In October, 1891, he was appointed general \ 
Eastern agent for the DeBardeleben Coal & Iron Co. of Alabama, one of the largest I 
Iron Companies in the South. He establbhed a national reputation for the celebrated ! 
** Norway *' iron, which he handled for twenty years. His report to the Cleveland | 
Board of Trade on " American Shipping and England's Trade Policy/' was an elabo- ' 
rate review of American Shipping, and England's tariff legislation and import %iws 
from the year 800 A.D. to 1840, when England declared Free Trade (several editions - 
of which were published). He has long been identified with the Masonic Fraternity 
as a member of Forest City Lodge, F. & A. M., and of Thatcher Chapter, R. A. M., of 
Qeveland, Ohio. He is a member of Lafayette Post, G. A. R., of New York City, of 
the Ohio Societv of New York, Lawyers' Social Club, Colonial Club, and other organ- 
izations. Mr. Adams bears a striking resemblance to the Presidential branch of the 
Adams family; tall, erect and well formed, of a genial, kindly dis|M>sition, and a firm 
and reliable friend to those he honors with his friendship. 

Like his worthy ancestors he has always borne a spotless escutcheon, and he in- 
herits in a marked degree the characteristics that distinguished the most prominent 
of the Adams descendants of the Henry of Uraintree branch — a man of spotless in? 
tegrity, indomitable will and perseverance — a leader among his business associates, 
noted for his keen perceptions, good judgment, foresight and business sagacity. 

Mr. Adams married Helen Eliza Redington, daughter of Joseph A. Redington ' 
of Cleveland, Ohio, a descendant of John Redington, of Topsfield, Mass., bom in the 
vicinity of Hemel-Hempstead, England, i6ao, died in Topsfield, Mass., November 
15th, 1690, a large landholder, held many offices of trust, came to America between 
1640-50, married Mary Gould. Capt John Redington, the grandfater of Helen Eliza, 
was a distinguished officer of the Revolution, was Captain of Artillery, and served for 
seven years to the close of the war. 

The issuie of the marriage of Mr. Adams and Miss Redington was Nellie Red- 
ington, b. April 29th, 2869, at' Cleveland. Ohio (married John D. Barret of New 



Yoirk City); Henry Htrsthil^ Jr.^ b. June 20th, 1873, ^ Cleveland Ohio; Laura 

ilract^ b. Sept. 4th, 1875; Motet Sielia^ b. November loth, l%^^\Laweit L^ b. March 

I oth, 1892, deceased. 

Henry Herschel, the sole surving son of Mr. Adams, was prepared for college at 

St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., and entered Yale in the class of *95. He bears 

a striking resemblance to his illustrious ancestois» He is a young man of studious 

and industrious habits, of great perseverance and tenacity of purpose, 

. Note.— At the beginning of the sketch of Henry H. AdamiS reference was made 
to John Alden and his wife, and of the connection with them of the Adams family. 
In the Pilgrim Refublii^ pp. 567-9, it is stated that John Alden was assistant to 
every governor of the Plymouth Colony but Carver, serving at least forty-three years ; 
he was the Colony's treasurer some thirteen vears, and was eight terms Deputy from 
Duxbury. The third daughter of John ana Prescilla (Mullens or Molines) Alden 
married John Bass of Braintree, and thus became the ancestress of President John 
and John Quincy Adams. 

CHARLES HENRY ADAMS, New Ymrk Oiy^^n bom m coxsackie, 
Co., N. Y. Hb line of descent from Henry Adams of Braintree, Mass, 1634, ia 
through Joseph (i), b. 1626; Joseph (a), b. 1654; Capt Ebeneur^ who married Ann Boyl- 
ston, 1739, ^^d ^'^^ Peter, b. Jan. nth, 1739; Ann,b. July 24th, 1731; Boylston, b. 
Feb. 2oth« 1734; Ebenezer, b. March 15th, 1737; Gabriel, b. Nov. 5th, 1739; Micayah^ 
b. March 6th, 1741, married Elizabeth Newhall, Oct. isth, i76r, and had Peier 
Charlesi b. Feb. 26th, 1767, Joshua, Pilantiah, Benjamin, Thomas, Charlotte^ Lydia, 
Abigail. Peier Charles married Christina Van Bergen and had issue; Henry^ b. July 
6th, 1787, d. July 6th, 1857; Rhoda, Peter, William Yan Bergen, Eliza, Herman,. 
Cuyler, Christina, Anna Maria; Henry^ married Agnes Egberts, whose father was a 
paymaster in the \Var of the Revolution; Charles i7., Evelina^ and Egbert. Dr. 
Peter C. Adams, the grandfather of Charles H., represented the Middle District in the 
State Senate of New York, in 1806-7-8-9. Dr. Henry Adams, the father of Charles 
H., served in the War of 181 s, and took part in the battle of Sackett's Harbor. Charles 
H. Adams, the subject of this sketch, was educated at the Albany Academy, studied 
law in the office of Cagger & Stevens, and practiced his profession until 1850, when 
he engaged in the woolen manufacturing business at Cohoes, N. Y. The business 
was founded by Egbert Egberts, his uncle, who became interested in the manufac- 
ture of knit goods in 1831, while residing at Albany; he invented the first power 
knitting machinery, and was the founder of that business in this country, and the city 
of Cohoes, one of the largest manufacturing cities in central New York, is the out- 
growth of this business. In 1852 Mr. Egberts transferred his mills to Mr. Adams, who 
subsequently acquired control of all of what was known as Egbert's woolen mills, and 
continued in this capacity until 1870, Mr. Adams served as Trustee and President 
of the Water Board of Cohoes, before it was incorporated as a city, and was elected 
its first Mayor under the new regime. He was Aid to the Governor in 185 1, he was. 
elected to the State Assembly in 1857, was State Senator in 1872-3, was a Presidential 
elector in 1872, and member of Congress in '76. The bank of Cohoes was established in 
1859, Egbert Egberts becoming its president, and Mr. Adams one of the Directors^ 

HisTOBi OF Tus Adams Family. 35 

and on the death of Mr. Egberts, ,in 1869, Mr. Adams succeeded to. the presidency^ 
and has since continued to hold that position. He is a member of the Sons of the 
Revolution, the St Nicholas Society, Metropolitan Club and other organizations. In 
1890 he purchased a large property in East Hampton, L. I., on which he erected one 
of the most beaatifol villas on the island, where he has since made his summer resi- 
dence. Married, first, Elizabeth Piatt of Rhinebeck; s children, viz.: Mary Adams 
Johnston and William Piatt Adams; by second wife, Judith Crittenden Coleman, 
granddaughter of John J. Crittenden, oC Kentucky, issue Agnes Ethel Crittenden^ 
Judith Charles Beriina. 

CHARLES FRANKUN ADAMS, M.D., was bom in Bridgeton, N. J., July sth^ 
1859. His line of descent is probably from Henry (i) Adams of Braintree, through 
Joufh (i), b. i$s6, Joseph (s), b. 1654; Capt. Ebttuter^ b. 1739; MUayah^ b. March 
6th, Z741 ; Joshua^ Joskua^ WiUiam Boise^ CUmeni CortUry^ his father. The mother of 
Dr. Adams was Susan M. Dennis, daughter of Joel Dennis, the first ancestor of whom 
was John Dennis, of the city of Cork, Ireland, who emigrated to this country in the 17th 
century and settled in New Jersey. The immediate maternal ancestor of Dr. Adama 
was Matthew Dennis, whose two sons, David and John, served with the New Jersey 
troops in the War of the Revolution. John was a Captain in the second Regiment, 
N. J. Militia^ was taken prisoner, and died in the hands of the enemy, at New York, 
Jan. 15th, 1778. David Dennis, the great grandfather of Dr. Adams, was a private 
in the Gloucester Ca, N. J., Milida during the War of the Revolution. The family of 
Dennis was prominent both in England and Ireland. Rev. Meade Dennis, of Co. 
Wickelow, Ireland, was nephew and co*hefr of James Lord Tracton, Chief Baron of the 
Exchequer, and had for Arms^ Gules on a chevron between three fleurs-de-lis or, as 
many annulets of the first, a canton, chequy or. and azure. Crest: A castle with two 
towers ppr., from each tower a banner floating gules. Motto^ SuaviUr stdforiUr. Dr. 
Adams, the subject of this sketch, was graduated from the Philadelphia College of 
Pharmacy, studied medicine and graduated from the Jefferson Medical College in 
1887, and shortly afterwards located in Trenton. He went to Europe in the autumn 
of 1889, and attended a course of lectures in Berlin. On his return he resumed prac- 
tice in Trenton, where he soon achieved a reputation as a skillful and successful physi- 
cian. In x888 he was appointed Analytical Chemist to the City Board of Health of 
Trenton, which he held until his increased practice necessitated his resignation. He 
has been especially prominent in the various benevolent orders of New Jersey, and 
represented Uncas Tribe, No, loa, in the Great Council Session of Improved Order of 
Redmen of the State of New Jersey, which convened at Trenton in Feb., 1891. He 
also held for a time the position of Borough Physician before Chambersburg was 
consolidated with Trenton. He has always displayed an active interest in municipal 
and lodge affairs. He was formerly President, and is now Medical Examiner of the 
Order of Tonti, also of the Knights of Malta. He is a member of Trenton Lodge* 
No. 5, A« F & A. M.t of Mercer Council, Na 50., U. 0. A M., and of the Physicians' 
Protective Association of North America He is also Recording Steward in the 
Broad st M. E. Church of Trenton and Reporter of the Mercer Co. Medical Society. 
He married, June Z5th» 1892^ May Robeson, daughter of George Robeson, of Phila- 
delphia, a native of England; her mother was Mary Klegg of Scotland. 

t'lii HiMTOIIY OV THK Al>.\3lH FaMM.Y. 

CHARLES Cf.AKIC AUAMS. of Bosi^n.Arass., was horn in New Orleans, I«a., 
I)cc. iQthy 1845* ^^ '^ descended from EdKHirJ AJtMms^ the grandson of Henry of 
llrainlreei through yi^^, Eiiazcr^ /^^^t Hezekiak^ and 67ari(. His father, Clark 
Adams, married Susan M. Mann, daughter of Timothy Mann, a direct descendant of 
Richard, of Marr Hill, Scituate, Mass., bom in England, died at Scituate, Mass , 1655, 
projenitor of the American family of this name. Charles C. Adams, the subject of this 
sketch, returned with his parents .to Massachusetts at an early age and was educated 
in the public schools of West Medway and HoUister, Mass. Soon after the breaking 
out of the war in 1861, being then but 16 years of age, he enlisted in Company G, i ith 
U. S; Infantry, and was in continuous service until Aug. 24th, 1864, being attached 
to Ayres* Division, Sykes* 5th Army Coqis, He participated with his regiment in the 
battle of Yorktown, April, 186a; Seven Days' Fight, June 26th to July ist, 1862; 
Bull Run 2d, Aug. 30th, 1862; Antietam, Sept. i6th and 17th; Fredericksburg^ Nov, 
9th, and Dec. nth to i6th, 1862; Chancellorsville, May ist to 5th, 1863; Gettysburg 
July ist, 2d, 3d, 1863; Mine Run, Nov. 6th; Wilderness, May 5th to 7th, 1864; Cold 
Harbor, May 31st to June 12th; Petersburg, June i6th to—; Welden Railroad, Aug. 
i8th to 22d, 1864. He was mustered out of service as private Aug. 24th, 1864, and 
soon after engaged in mercantile affairs, and for the i>ast eighteen years has repre- 
sented in Boston the house of Sargent & Co., hardware manufacturers of New Haven, 
Conn. He is First LieuL in the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company; is a 
member of E.W. Kingsley Post 113, G. A. R., of Revere Lodge, F. iK: A. M., of St 
Andrew Chapter, R. A. M., and De Molay Commandery, Knights Templar, of Suf* 
folk I^odge, No 8, I. O. O. F., also of the Athletic, Boston Whist, and Hainbridge 
CIuIm. He married, in 1870, Ellen E. Bullard, daughter of Henry Hullard, of HoUister, 
Mass., a descendant of Robert Bullard* bom in Kent, Eng., who came to America in 
1630, and settled at Watertown, Mass. The chHdren of Charles C. and Ellen E. 
(Bullard) Adams are Bertha L., Raleigh B., and Henry S. 

DANIEL ELWIN ADAMS, of Boston, Mass., was bom in Madison, Somerset 
Co., Me., May isth, 1851; his father, SmMncr^ was bom in Madison, Nov. 1817, and 
was the son of Joseph^ who was the son of Am0S^ the grandson of President John 
.Adams; the latter was the son of John^ who was the son of Joseph (2), son of VII 
Joseph^ son of Hepiry of Braintree. Amos, the great grandfather of Daniel K., served 
in the War of the Revolution, and was a volunteer in the ^ Lexington Alarm,'* and 
Joseph, son of the latter, served in the War of 1812. The mother of Daniel E., was 
Rebecca Chapman, daughter of Daniel Chapman of Madison, Me., a descendant 
probably of Edward Chapman, who was of Ipswich, Mass., about 1640. The parents 
of Mr.' Adams removed to Richmond, Sagadahoe Co. Me., when he was but three 
years of age. He enjoyed exceptional educational advantages, receiving a thorough 
academic education, it being the desire of his father to fit him for Bowdoin Col* 
lege, but he preferred a business life, and after leaving school he entered the employ 
of Neal Dow, the famous temperance advocate, as book-keeper, continuing until 
about 1872, when he started in the retail boot and shoe business in Portland. He 
followed this for about two years, and then went to Boston where he engaged in the 
coal and wood business. In 1878 he l>egan the manufacture of silk threads in a 



moderate way, the business having increased annually until at the present time (1S93) 
he has a large factory at Athol, Mass., employing from 100 to 150 hands. Mr. Adfams j 
inherits many of the characteristics peculiar to the Adams family as expressed in the ■ 
motto inscribed on their arms, viz.: ** Aspire,— Persevere— and Indulge not'* He mar- \ 
ried, June 4th, 1873, ^^^ ^^^ £• Burke, daughter of John Burke, of Ne\^ Harnp* '. 
shire. Her mother was a Young, and was connected with the Ihimhams and other ! 
well known families. 

EDWIN MILTON ADAMS, of Chicago, was bom in the village of Mill River, 
town of New Mariborough, Mass., Feb. 13th* 1854. His line of descent is from 
Henry (i) of Braintree, through 

'« VIII Edward,'' b. 1630, settled in Medfield, Mass., m. Lydia Rockwood, ^ 
d. 1716. I 

Henry, seventh son of VIII Edward and Lydia (Rockwood) Adams, b. in ! 
Medfidd, Mass., agth Oct., 1663, settled in Canterbury, Conn.,. lived in Pro* \ 
vidence, R. I., 1690-1710, m. Patience Ellis, Dec. loth, 169T, who.d. 1695; ; 
m. Ruth , ; m. Hannah, who died March 20th, 1748; Henry died, 1 

at Canterbury, June 28th, 1747. 

Joseph, son of Henry, of Cambridge and Medfield, Mass., b. Providence, R L, | 
July 28, 1706, m. Miriam Cleveland in 1738, moved to New Marlboro, 
Mass., 1744, and was one of the five (15) who founded the first church in 
that place in Oct, 1744.. Children of Joseph and Miriam (Cleveland) 
Adams, Mary, Huldah, Simon, Moses, Henry, ZebeJiah, of whom here* 
after, Aliee, Joseph, Aaron, and an earlier Aaron. 

21ebediah Adams, fifth son and seventh child of Joseph and Miriam (Cleve* 
land) Adams, was b. in New Marlboro, Mass., July 5th, X753, d. NewMarl- 
lH>ro, Aug;. 3d, 1837. He was a soldier in the War of the Revolution, and 
served in a Massachusetts Cofkipany from Sandersfield, Mass. He m» 
Abigail Taft, 1782; Abigail, d. May 15th, 1814, and had issue, Obadiah, 
Warren, William, Betsey, Polly, Harry, Cliauneey, Milton, of whom here« 
after, Barney. 

Obadiah, m. Lucy Church, Feb. 12th, 1837, went to Wolcott, N. Y., Wayne 

William, m. Roxland Stowe, and it is supposed he moved'early in this century 
to Ohio, settling in the '' Western Reserve.*' 

Betsey died unmarried, April 20th, 1850. 

Warren lived and died in New Marlboro. 

Milton, b. in New Marlboro, Mass., July 24th, 1799, d. about 1873, m. Pnt* 
dence Palmer, a descendant of Walter Palmer, about 1822, and had issue: 

Harris Dwight, killed in Central Illinois during Civil War« 

John^ died about 1862. 

Chautuey Edward, b. 1878, of whom hereafter. 

Madison Charles, now residing in the old homestead in New Marlboro, Mass. 

Adrian Mortimer, now residing in Missouri; he was in the army for a num- 
ber of years. 

38 HisTO&T OF TicB Adamm Family. 

Hatmah LiUilia^ died, Holyoke, Mass., unmarried, March, 1881. 
Julia^ m. John Huntington, d. in Canaan, Conn. 
Mary^ m. Milan Wellman, d. 1870, at New Marlboro. 
* ElUn^ nu Franklin Mearham, Surgeon U. S. A., deceased, widow now living 
(1893) in Syracuse, N. Y., issue Frank A.^ b. Oct 38th, i86a, Gract^ h. 
Sept 8th, 1868. 
Sarak^ d. in girlhood. 

CH AUNCEY EDWARD ADAMS, third son of Milton and Prudence Palmer 
Adams, was b. in New Marlboro, Feb. 9th, 1828, m. Martha A. Turner, 
daughter of Augustus Turner, a descendant of Humphrey of Scituate, 
Mass., b. in England i593f came to America about 1628: The children of 
Chauncey Edward and Martha A. (Turner) Adams were: 
Edward Milt^n^ of whom hereafter. 
Frank C, now (1893) residing in Bridgeport, Conn. 
Hawardf died in infancy. 

Emfna^ now living with her parents in Unionville, Conn. 
Edward Milton Adams, before referred to, eldest child of Chauncey and Martha 
A. (Turner) Adams, was educated at Mill River, Mass., and Unionville, Conn., High 
School. He began his business career in the paper manufacturing at Unionville, 
Conn., in 1872. In 1888 he removed to Chicago, and subsequently became President 
of the Calumet Paper Co., of that City. He married, June 14th, 1876, Miss Sarah 
J. Robotham from Connecticut, of English ancestry; issue, Edward ' Milion^ Jr.^ b. 
July 8th, 1877. Uridge[K)rt» Conn.; Eessii Afaria. I>. May4th, 1KH0, Holyokc, Mass. 

REV. GEORGK MOULTON AI)AM.S, of Auburndale, Mass., was liorn in 
Castine, Me., July, 1824. He is eighth in descent from Henry of Draintree, 
through JohHy Joseph^ John^ Dr. Thomas and Samvel, His mother was Lily Small 
Moulton, l>. Bucksport, Me., Dec. ist« 1803, dau. of Dr. Jothani Moulton, b. York, 
Me., 1771, son of Gen. Jotham Moulton, b. York, Me., 1743; was a Krigadier (General 
in the VVar of the Revolution; son of Col, Jeremiah AfouUon^ b. York, Me., 1713, High 
Sheriff of the Province of Maine, son of Hon, Jeremiah Afoiiiion^ I). York, Me,, 1688, 
Judge of Court of Common Pleas, fought as Captain against the Indians at the battle of 
Norridgewock, 1724. Mr. Adams' mother's mother was Mary (Farrar) Moulton, b. 
Lincoln, Mass., 1772. Her father was Humphrey Farrar, b. 1741. Humphrey Farrar 
m. his cousin, Lucy Farrar, dau. of Dea. Samuel Farrar, who took part in the battle 
of Concord. Mr. Adams was graduated at Bowdoin College, 1844, Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary, 1850, also Universities of Halle, and Berlin, Germany. 


WASHINGTON IRVING ADAMS (named from the eminent author), of New 
York Ciiy^ was bom in New York City, March 25th, 1832. He is supposed to have 
descended, on the paternal side, from Henry (i) .\dams of Braintree, from the fact 
that President John Adams was a frequent guest at his grandfather's house, at White 
Plains, N. Y., on his route to and from Washington, and always addressed him as 

HuioBT or THi Adamk Family. 

The father of W. L A4am^ wu Bamebas Scureman 
Adam, who ID. Bliiabeth Carhart, June lath, 1831,!). Feb. 
7U1, sSoj. dau. of HaekaliaJk Carfaart, b. at Rye, N. Y., 
April 3d, 1785, who m. Margaret Aodenon; he wa> the son 
of TTkamas (2), b. about 1)18, and Elizabeth (Purdy) Car- 
hart; son of J»hM{t). who was the son of Tkemai (i), 
the ancestor, b. about 1650; airired in New York, Aug. 
95th, 1683, holding the appointment of Prirate Secretaiyto- 
Od. Thomas Dongan, En^iah Governor of the colonies in 
America. This Thomas Carbart was the son of Anthony 
Cariiart, of Co. Cornwall, Eng. The name was originally 
Carhuita and Cariiarta, derived from the Saxon eaer, a town 
or city, and the Old Saxoa Mafias from which the Gn^ish word heart ia derived. The 
anna of the family are SJiieU, Argent, two ban sable in chief, a demi-griffin issuant 
■ of the last Cntt, a demi-man naked, argent, a wreath about bis head sable, in right 
hwd an oaken branch vert acoma or. The issue of Bamebas Scureman and Rlisa- 
beth (Cariuut) Adams was Washington Irving, Elizabeth Armenia, Ma^ret Emily, 
Mary Louise and Elma Maria. Washington Imng. the eldest, was educated at the 
Public Schools of New York. He entered the service of the Scovill Manufacturing 
Company in 1858, and rapidly rose through successive grades of responsibilities, 
antil he was appointed in 1878 agent of the company, with entire charge 
of the business in New York. In the same year he was elected director of 
the company. In 1875 he became President o( S. Peck & Co., madufacturers 
of photographic apparatus in New Haven, Conn., who hod previously come under 
the control of the Scovill Manufacturing Company. In 1889, when the Scovill & 
Adanu Company succeeded to the Photographic Department of the Scovill Manu- 
facturing Company, Mr. Adams was made President and Treasurer of the new cor* 
poration. Under his able management the business of the company has grown until 
the Scovill & Adams Company has become the largest and most influential manufac- 
turing firm of photographic apparatus in the world. During the 1876 Centennial in 
Philadelphia Mr. Adorns was identified with Dr. Edward L. Wilson of that city, and 
others, as First Vice-President of the Centennial Photographic Company. He was for 
many years Chairman of the Executive Committee of the National Fhutographic As- 
sociation of America. When only twenty-one years of age he was elected school 
tnistee in the Ninth Ward, New York City, but since then hu persistently refused to 
accept any proffered public office under the municipal or State government. Since 
1S68 Mr. Adams has made his residence in Montclair, N. J. He m. Lydia, dau. of 
Hon. George Briggs, of New York City; issue: Briggt Booth, b. SepL 5th, 1861, d. 
Dec. 94th, 1873; CJkarUttt EUaatetA, b. Nov. 94th, i86>, d. Feb. a4lh, t864; IV, /. 
Zauffin, of whom hereafter; Mary tViUoM, of whom hereafter. 

IVaiAii^Um Irvimg ImuvIh Adams, third child of Washington Irving and Marion 
Lydia (Briggs) Adams, was b. in New York City, Feb. aad, 1865, and was educated 
at Montclair (N.J.) High School In 1883 he became associated with hia father in 
btttinesa in New Yoric He is editor of the Phtt^raphit Timtt, an illustnted weekly 
magazine, published by the Photographic Times Publishing Assocbtion, and is author 


<if a niiinlKT o( ImokH cm Pho(0|;raiihic! Hiil)jc«'tH. lie in a iiiciiilicr of vari<itisi photo- 
Kra|ihit*ancl MCMcntifir aMMN-jnlionss. He m. Nov. 2ist« iH8<>, Miss l>aiKy Cimrc Wilsion, 
«iatt. of the late James Wilsuin, K^|-t ^ (Georgetown, Ohio, a desMtendant of James 
Wilston, of Pennxylvania, one of the Kignem of the l)ei*laration of Indeiiendcnce. Of 
the Knglish origin of the family iTivri^r says: ** The ancestors of this very ancient 
family resided at Broomhead from the time of Edward I., in whose reign a grant of 
lands was made to Adam Wilson, his uu/igcr^ by Thomas, Lord Fumival, at Wight* 
^fristlein the neighliorhood of llroomhead, for services in the Scottish wars." The 
children of W« L Lincoln and Daisy (Wilson) Adams arc IVihon Irving^ b. Aug» 
9thy 1890; Marion Elisabeth^ b. Nov. isth, 1891. 

Mary IVibon Adams^ youngest child of Washington Irving and Marion Lydia 
(Briggs) Adams, was b. in Montclair, N. J., July 8th, 1869, m. Oct 31st, 189s, Wil- 
liam Palmer Brigden, of Norwich, Conn. 

FRANK HERBERT ADAMS, of New York city, was bom in Waltham, Mass.» 
Sept 10, 1853, eldest child of William Augustas and Elizabeth Ann (Butts) Adams 
(daughter of Peleg Butts, a prominent ship-builder of New Bedford, Mass.). His 
line of descent is from Henry (1), of Braintree, through Edward^ of Medfield, Jt^n^ 
of Medway, EUaur^ of Medway, WUIardy of Waltham, and William Angysius. 

Mr. Adams received a good common school education in his native town, and 
began his business career in 187 a as clerk with Pengree, Wood & Claris, wholesale dry 
goods merchants of Boston, Mass. He was with this firm for three years, with Jordan, 
Marsh & Co. two years, and then formed a connection with the American Waltham 
Watch Co., where he remained for eig^t years. In t886 he started in the insur- 
ance business in Boston, which he carried on successfully for some years. In 1890 
he started in the real estate business in Boston, afterwards removing to New York city, , 
the latter being a branch of the Boston house. He is known as a real estate promoter, ! 
and is largely interested in property in Boston, New York, Buffalo, and Columbus 
City, Ala., and has done much towards developing the resources and improving the 
property of the latter city. He has been eminently successful in his various business' 
enterprises, due largely to his industry, perseverance, and tenacity of purpose, char- 
acteristics jieculiar to his illustrious ancestors. He is a memlier of Clinton Lodge, 
I. O. O. F., of Clinton, Mass., and of Council 94, A. O. O. U. W. He married in 
1877 Miss Emma M. Boole, of Calais, Me., a descendant of an old Scotch family of 
New Brunswick. His wife deceased Feb., 1891, leaving issue George Edward, Ethel 
Beatrice and Mildred Bemice. 

JASPER HIDE ADAMS, North Adorns^ Mass.^ son of Zebina Adams, was bom- 
.in Mariboro, Vt, Jan. is, i8s8. He is eighth in descent from Henry^ of Braintree,, 
through Henry (a), of Medfield, Edward^ John^ Thomas^ Abner^ Tkomat son of| 
Zebina Adams ^ his grandfather. He enjoyed the usual educational advantages of a 
country school, and began his business career as apprentice with Ingraham & Adams. 
He removed to North Adams, Mass., May ist, 1848, where he has carried on the fur- 
niture business successfully for forty years, since 1852. He has taken a prominent 
part in the public affairs of the city, and was for three yean chairman of the Board of 

V. O. JtRAVa 


Selectmen. He has long l>ecn ideniiried 
with the Mawntti Fraternity. His knowl- 
edge of Speculative Masonry was ac- 
qnired in Greylocic Lodge, F. & A. M.; 
of Capitular Masonry in Composite 
. Chapter, R. A. M.; in the Chivalric 
Order he was created and dubbed a 
Knight Teroplar in St. Paul Com- 
moailery, and is still a member <A these 
several orders. He has been for many 
yean a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, also one of the Official 
Board -and one of the Trustees since 
1859. He married, first, Harriet Shel- 
don, of North Adams, Nov. s, T849, by 
whom he had one child, J3e/la A., born 
June 39, 1S54; he married, secondly, 
Maria C Hubbell (nee Ditwiler), SepL 
3, 1863; issue, ffarritt Itaitl, bom July 
35, 1865; WiLLiAU Oscar, bom Feb. 13 1867 of whom hereafter Dtla the only- 
child of Jasper Hide Adams, by his first wife, married George F. MUler. 'I'hey had 
issue Harry AJams, b. Feb. 19, 1877; ^nV, b, July 4, 1886. 

WILLIAM OSCAR ADAMS, of North AJams, Matt., second child of Jasper 
Hide and Maria C. (Hubbell) Adams, was bom at North Adams, Mass., Feb. 
13, 1867. . He attended the public school and completed his education at the Dmry 
Academy of North Adams, Mass. He entered his father's employ as clerk, and after 
acquiring a thorough knowledge of the business, he became a partner on Feb. i, 1 890, 
under the firm name of J. H. Adams & Son, thus perpetuating the oldest fumiture' 
house in the business, it having been established in 1828. Exemplifying the motto- 
worn on the arms of the early ancestors of the Adams family, vii.: " aspire, persevere^ 
indulge not," Mr. Adams, in imitation of his worthy sire, has aimed to increase his. 
influence for good by uniting withvarious benevolent orders, among which are Grey- 
lock Lodge, F. & A. M.; Composite Chapter, R. A. M.; St. Paul Commandery, K. T.; 
Onico Lodge, No. loe, L O. O. F., and Wells Encampment, No. 38, Canton Colfax, 
No 38. Deceased Jan., 1893. 

SAMUEL GARY ADAMS, of Bttfaia, IT. Y., was bom in Chatham, N. Y.,. 
Dec. 33, 1830. His line of descent from Htnry, of Braintree, is through " VII. Jo- 
stfA," of Braintree, Capt. John, of Boston, Samnei, of Boston, Jaseph (who was the- 
brother of Samuel Adams, signerof the Declaration of Independence), Samuel Adams^ 
and John Calvin Adams who married Hepzibah Chadwick, bom at Lyme, Conn.^ 
daughter of Etra Chadwick. The mother erf John Calvin Adams was Prudence- 
Latham, a descendant of Gary Latham* one <A the first settlers of New London, Conn. 
Skmuel Cary, the second son of John Calvin Adams, obtained his knowledge of the 
radimentary branches in the country school, and afterwards pursued a system* 



atic course of self •instruction. He taught school seven winter term.s« was su|>erinten- 
dant of schools of town six years, having twenty schools in charge. He went from 
home at the age of sixteen and learned the caqienter*s trade He was afterwards a 
country merchant for one year, and was long active in public and political affairs. 
He was supervisor of the town for two years, clerk of the Board of Sui>ervisors two 
years, member of the State Assembly one year, deputy county clerk six years, deputy 
collector of customs two years; was supervisor of his ward in Hutfalo for one year. 
He studied law and was admitted to the Bar in 1865, and has since continued in the 
practice of his profession at Buffalo, where he has resided since Jan. x, 1859. He is 
an active director of the Children's Aid Society, of Buffalo, and of the Queen City 
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. He married in 1842 Miss Harriet 
White, daughter of Isaac White, of Vermont. The issue of Mr. Adams and wife 
are, John C. Adams, of Buffalo, a merchant and manufacturer; Hannah M., wife of 
Albert Rowland, of Kalamazoo county, Mich.; Harriet A., single, residing with her 
father, and Carrie, wife of Charles A. Pooley, a lawyer of Buffalo. 

HENRY ADAMS, of New York city, was bom in Albany, N. Y., March 15, 
18x5. He is eighth in descent from Henry, of Braintree, 1634, the ancestor, through 
Joseph (i), b. i6s6, Joseph (2), b. 1654; Capt Ebeueter, who married 1739, Ann 
Boylston, and had issue, Peter, b. xx Jan., 1739, Ann, b. 24 July, 1731, Boylston, b. 
20 Feb., X734, Ebenezer, b. X5 March, 1737, Gabriel, b. 5 Nov., 1739; Micayah^ h. 6 
March, X741, married Elizabeth Newhall, 15 Oct, 1761, and had issue, Peter Charles, 
b. 26 Feb., 1767, Joshua, Pelatiah, Benjamin, Thomas, Charlotte, Lydia, Abigail. 
Pilatiah married Hannah Best, and had issue, Benjamin, Catharine, Jeannette, Wil- 
liam, Louisa, Lavinia, Henry. Henry Adams, the youngest child o£ Pelatiah and 
Hannah (Best) Adams, was educated under the Lancaster system at Albany. He 
began his business career as clerk in a grocery store in Albany, and in 1835 removed 
to New York city, continuing as clerk until x844« when he started in the same busi- 
ness for himself, under the firm name of Adams & Cushman. At the end of five or 
six years the firm was dissolved, and he started on his own account in the conimission 
brokerage business. He has been for many years a resident of llrooklyn. He mar- 
ried, in 1849, Mary Ann Bell, of New York city. Seven clildren are the issue of this 
marriage, viz.; Henry, Jr., Benjamin, James Pelatiah, George H., Henrietta, Louisa 
and Lavina. 

BENTLEY FULLER ADAMS, of New York eiiy, was Ixirn in Newton, Mass., 
May 5th, 1829, son of Joel Cooley Adams, bom at Charleston, N. H., about 1800, 
married Lucinda Otis Fuller, of Newton, Mass.; grandson of Daniel, who married 
Deborah Cooley, of Long Meadow, Mass.; great great grandson of Thomas, who was 
prominent in the French and Indian war, was captured by the Indians in 1757, taken 
from his home in Charleston and conveyed to Ouiada, and after being held for some 
time a prisoner, was released and died of small pox at Quebec, while on his way home. 
(See History of Charleston, N. H.) He was a descendant probably of Henry, of 
Braintree. The children of Joel Cooley and Lucinda Otis (Fuller) Adams were : 
He/en, William Fuller, Bentley Fnller, of whom hereafter; Lonis Henry, Sarah Louisa, 

UiHTuiiY or TiiK Adamh Family. 43 


M^rj iMcreiia^ and CaiAaride Reed. Benttey Fuller, third child of Joel Cooley and 
Lucindo- Otis (Fuller) Adams, was educated at the public school of Brighton, Mass , 
irhere his parents had removed in his childhood He afterwards removed to 'Mil* 
iraukee. Wis., engaging in mercantile aifairs. He returned East, and settled in New 
York city, about i8s3, and engaged in various kinds of business until the breaking 
<mt of the war. He then enlisted in the 13th Regiment N« Y. S. M., and went with it 
to the front He was subsequently transferred to the Quartermaster's Department at 
Annapolis, Md., continuing in service for three years, until the close of the war. He 
then returned East and became connected with Benham & Stoutenboroui^ tinware 
manufacturers, where he has since continued with them and their successors. He 
married/ ist, Adeline Benjamin, of Annapolis, Md.; ad, Mary C Dunckler, of 
Brighton, Mass. He has one child, George Bentley, by his first wife. The latter 
married Bertha M. Wheeler, daughter of Calvin and Margaret Wheeler, of Brooklyn. 
Mary Lucretia, fourth child of Jod Cooley, and Lucinda Otis (Fuller) Adams, married 
Wert Warren, of Brighton, Mass. Catharine Reed, the youngest child, married 
Joshua S. Dunckler, of Brighton, Mass. 

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, of Lcwisiom^ Mt., was bom in Bowdoinham, Me., 
Jan. X9th, 1848. His father and grandfather were both named John Adams, and 
were probably descended from Henry of Braintree. He was prepared for college at 
Nichols's Latin School, graduated at Bates College and Cobb Divinity SchooL He 
is a clergyman of the Free Baptist denomination and has held pastorates for fifteen 
years in Parsonfield, Kennebeck and W. Baxton. He married Minnie L., daughter . 

of H. Jones. 


ALEXANDER CLINTON ADAMS, of iTux/n//, Mass.^ was bom in Barnstable, i 
Mass. Son of Urial and Anne (Dottridge) Adams. He is eighth in descent from 
Htary of Braintree, through Ethvard^ of Medfieldi b. 1630; Edward ^ot Bristol, R. I., 
b. 1668; Thomas^ b. 1698; Edward, b. 1736; Ansel^ b. Nov. 9th, 1761, d. 1849 — 
Relief, his wife, b. Nov. 7th, 1765, d. Jan. 5th, 1847; ^^^ Urial^ b. 1803, now living 
0^93)* Ansel, the grandfather of Alexander C. Adams, served in the War of the 
Revolution, also in the War of 18x2. Charles, a brother of A, C, served throughout 
the Civil War. Anne (Dottridge) Adams, his mother, was the daughter of Samuel 
^ Dottridge, of Barnstable, who was descended from John — *- of England. 

Mr. Adams was educated at Barnstable, Mass., and for some years has followed 

the insurance business. 


« > 

GEORGE DAVIS ADAMS, Ckreiaad^ Ohh, was bom in Boston, Mass., Jan. 
13th, 1854, son of Daniel W., grandson of Abiel Adams, probably a descendant of 
Henry of Braintree. His mother was Julia Ann Davis, of English extraction. He 
was prepared for college at Philips Andover Academy, Mass., graduated at Amherst 
College and afterwards at Hartford Theological Seminary. Is at present (1893) rec« , 
tor of Grace Protestant Episcopal church, at Cleveland, O. He nuurried Bertha 
Bohun Devereux, daughter of Gen. Arthur Forrester Devereux; granddaughter of 
Gen. Gea Humphrey Devereux, of Salem, Mass.; grandniece of Chief Justice Jo- I 

44 HiHTORY oi^ TiiK Adamh Famii.w 

seph Story, a kinswoman of Nathaniel Hawthorne, and the Knclecutts, Pickerings 
Elbridge Gerrysiy of New England; Simon Forrester, of Salem, Mass., and a lineal 
descendant of .Rolnrrt Devereiix, Karl of Rssex, England. 

LOUIS AUGUSTUS ADAMS, £raa*fyM, N. K., second ^notFrasuis IVil- 
/ard and Viola (Townsend) Adams, was bom in Brooklyn, N. Y., Jan. sd, 1867. He 
is 9th in descent from Henry of Bramtree, through ** VII Joseph (1)/* of Braintree^ 
J^tefk (3), of Hraintree, John (Deacon), of Braintree, John^ second President of the 
United States. Pkineas, of Medway^ IVittard, of Waltham, and Framis^ of Waltham. 
. Mr. Adams* mother, Viola Townsend, the daughter of William A. Townsend, of 
Brooklyn (one of the oldest publishers in N. Y.); Mis. Townsend*s mother was Cath- 
arine McCullough, whose father was a Colonel in the Continental Army, during the 
War of the Revolution. Mr. Townsend*s line of descent is /rom Joseph Townsend^ 
of Chester county, Pa., bom at Bucklebury, Eng., 1684, came to America in 171s, and 
settled in Pennsylvania (his uncle Richard having come over in 1682 with William 

Mr. Adams was educated in the public and private schools of Waltham, Mass., 
Augu^a, Ga., and Nyack-on*the-Hudson. He afterwards traveled for a time with his 
father. He began his business career in i88a, in New York city, with Francke 
Hijos & Co., sugar commission merchants, and has been connected with this house for 
more than ten years. He married, in 189a, Fannie Emerson, daughter tA William 
Emerson, whose American ancestor, Thomas, of Ipswich, Mass., 1654, was descended 
from Sir Ralph Emerson, who was Knighted by Henry VIII, 1535. 


.Saiii to he ''VI JoHM," Son of Henry of Braintree. 

He was l>orn in Kngland, 1622, came to New England and settled in Cam- 
bridge, Mxss., 1650; made a freeman, 1666; brought with him his wife Ann, 
and daughter Rebecca; liaptixed before, says Mitchell's Register; when he adds 
five of the other children, baptised in his church in right of the mother, for the 
father did not join before 13 May, 1666, viz.: Mary^ b. 25 Oct^ 165s; Jokn^ x May, 
1655, and Joseph^ b. 1660; but the *' matchless registrar,** says Sara^e^ does not men- 
tion the day or days of liaptism, though our thanks are hearty for his care to name 
Ilmaaak, b. 8 Aug., 1657, liap. 17 June, 1660; Daniel^ b. 14 Sept., i66a. Dut Han* 
nah died eariy in 1661, a^ ot June^ aiccording to Mitchell; Fell, by Harris, Epit. 169; 
and Daniel died 14 May, 1685. Another Daniel had preceded him, but lived not, I 
presume, long enough to be baptized* He was a millwright, and Dr. Bond conjec- 
tures that he was the son of George of Watertown, and that was seen to be impossible; 
be supposed he was brother, &c That he is a son of Henry the first, as amiable 
credulity would assume, is highly improbable, since he came twenty years or a little 
less after that great New England piojenitor, and so long outlived him, dying between 
June and Oct., 1706, and his wife srill living. Rebecca married, Nov. 1669, Na* 

HirtTOItV OV TIIK Ai>AM.H 1*\\.MII.Y. 45 

thaniel Patten^ and died Dec^ 1677. Mary married John Kamen, of Watertown« and 
died 1681. 

The above record 1)y Savage was inibltahed some forty yearn ago. Later research 
has developed facts which appear to sustain the theory that this John was ** VI. 
John,'* son of Henry of Braintree.— [Editor.] 

The following additional data of John, of Cambridge, was supplied by Edward P. 
Adams, of Medorfd, Mass.: 

JOHN ADAMS, b. in England about 1621 or 1624, d. at Menotomy 1706; ni« 
Ann — . 


1. RthiCia (bapt in England), m. Nathaniel Patten Nov. 24, 1669, d. Dec. x8, 


2. Mary (bapt in Cambridge, Mass.). 

3. j0hm (bapt in Cambridge, Mass.), m. Hannah Bent 
\.,Jaupk (bapt in Cambridge, Mass.), b. at Menotomy about 1655-7, m. Mar- 
garet Eames Feb. 21, 1687 or 1688, d. at Menotomy July 20, 1701. 

5. Haimah (babt June 17, 1660), d. at Menotomy Jan. 25, i66x. 

6. Danitt (bapt Sept 14, 1662), d. at Menotomy May 14, 1665. 

John Adams ^ was in Cambridge as eariy as 1650; he was a millwright and re- ! 
«ided in Menotomy." Mrs. Adams *' was living in i7X4«" Their son John '* moved 
to Sudbury and was living in 17x4.'* History of Cambridge, Mass., p. 477. 

JOSEPH ADAMS (i), b. at Menotomy about x6s7^ d. at Menotomy July 20, 
X70X; m. Feb. 2X, 1687 or x688, Margaret Eames, b. at Sudbury (?) July 8, 1666. 

X. Jouph^ b. at Menotomy x688, m. ist, Rebecca Cutter Jan. 18, X7ioor X7fx, 
m. 2d, Rebecca — -— , d. at Menotomy Oct 17, X774. 

2. Daniel^ b. at Menotomy 1690. 

3. Cherry (?) (babt Jan. 3X, X697). 

4. j0hH^ b. at Menotomy April t6, X697. 

5. Abigail. 

Joseph Adams '^ received the deed of homestead from his father. Sept 4, X697.'* 
Margaret Eames *' was the daughter of Thomas Karnes and Mary Paddlefoot, widow 
of Jonathan Paddlefoot" ^ She married Lieut Daniel Dean, of Concord, Dec. 27, 
X705.** History of Cambridge, Mass., p. 477. 

JOSEPH ADAMS (2), b. at Menotomy, x68S, d. at Menotomy Oct X7, 17 74; 
m. Jan. x8, 17x0 or 171 x, 1st, Rel>ecca Cutter, b. 1693, d. at Menotomy Jan. X2, X7x8. 

X. TA4fmaSf b. at Menotomy Dec. 3, 171X1 d. at Menotomy Nov. 17, 17x3. 
2. TA^MioSf b. at Menotomy Aug. 20, X713. 

^ Joupk (3), b. at Menotomy July 3, 17x5, m. tst, — -, m. 2d, Hannah 

Hall Sept XX, X750, d. at Menotomy May 3, 1794. 
4. Margaret^ b. at Menotomy May 26, 17x7, m. — — Doubleday. 

' Joseph Adams (2) ** wais Selectman five years.*' ^ Rebecca Cutter was the 
daughter of William Cutter and Rebecca Rolfe." ^ William Cutter was the son of 


""TTiswiiY OF THIS 'AiuMH Famii.v. 

Richard Cutter.*' ** Reliecca Rolfe was the daughter of John Rcilfc." History of 
Cambridge, Mass.^ {ip. 477 and 521. . 

JOSEPH ADAMS (3), b. at Menotomy, 1688, d. at Menotomy Oct. 17, 1774^ 
m. 2d, Rebecca — — - d. Aug. i, 1775* 

JOSEPH ADAMS (3), b. at Menotomy July 3, 1715, d. at Menotomy May 3^ 
17.94; m* ^t Menotomy Sept 11, I7S0» ad, Hannah Hall, b. 1730, d. at Menotomy 
Aug, 13 or 30, 1803. 

Issue: • 

I. Thomas^ h. at Menotomy July 19, 1751, m; Martha Stone May a8, 1780, d« 
at New Salem June 97, i84iB. 

1. Rtbieca^ b. at Menotomy Aug. id, 1753, unmarried, d. May ao, 1834. 

3. IfannaA^ b. at Menotomy April la, 1756, nu Peter Tufts July 22^ 1773, d. 

at Medford Jan. 34, 1843. 

4. Susanna^ b. at Menotomy June a6, .1758,* nu Gershom Teele Oct 3, 1776, d. 

at Medford June a7 or a8y i8a8. 

5. Marj^ b. at Menotomy Feb. 13, 1761, m. Benj. Winship April 4, 1788, d. 

Oct a, 1846. 

6. Nathan^ b. at Menotomy Aug. 9, 1763, m. zst, Martha Wilcox April 3^ 

1788; ad, Rebecca Tufts Dec. 13, 1803, d. at Medford, March t^^ 184a. 

7. Joel^ b. at Menotomy Aug. 33, 1765, nu Sybil Stone Aug. 33, 1788, d. at 

New Salem Feb. 8, i84r. 

8. Amos^ b. at Menotomy Aug. a3, 1765, m. Lydia Adams April 19, 1790, d. 

March a4, 1844. 

9. Daniel^ b. at Menotomy March 14, 1768. m. Phcebe Britton June 3, X793< 
xo. Abigail^ b. at Menotomy Sept 18, X77a, m. Joseph Converse Oct 19, 1800. 
IX. Ah9i^ b. at Menotomy April x, X775, m. James Hill Oct ix, 1796. 

'^ For many years he was deacon of the church in Menotomy, now Arlington^ 
and Selectman four years.** '' When her youngest child was eighteen days old, Mrs. 
Adams was driven from her home by the Britbh troops on their return from Lexing- 
ton, and the house was set on fire, but the (lames were extinguished before much 
damage resulte.d** History of Cambridge, Mass., p. 473. 

*' When the marauding troops broke into deacon Adams' house and seized the 
communion service of the Menotomy Church, little Joel, the nine year old child of 
the family, cried out in horror: ' Don't you touch them 'ere things! Daddy 'II lick 
you if you do!' Undeterred by this' amazing menace, the bold grenadiers carried 
away the sacramental vessels and sold them to a Boston silversmith, from whom they- 
afterwards passed back into the possession of the church, where they are still in use.'" 
—Boston Sunday Herald, Aug. a, 1885. 

NATHAN ADAMS, b. at Menotomy Aug. 9, X763, d. at Medford March 2^^ 
184a, m. xst, Martha Wilcox, b. Oct a3, 1767, d. April xs, 1803. 

f. Natham^ b. Sept 6, 1789, m. Elizabeth Butters April 30, i8Ka, d. at Med- 
ford Sept XI, 1849. 

HiHTOEY OP TiiK Adamh Pamily. 47 

t. yM#« b. Feb. iS, 1791. 

3. Samuel^ b. Jan. 18, 1793, d. Sept. 20, 1795. 

4*' -P^f b. Dec 9i 1794, d. April 12, 1807, ; 

S. Ckarbiie^ h. Nov. 30, 1796, d. Oct 13, 1798. 

C CkarloHt^ b. April 19, 1799, d. Sept 27, 1822. 

7* Smlfy^ b. Oct 22, i8oo» nt Carpenter Stanidi Dec 23, 18191 d. Jan. a6^ 

8. Nathamtl Ckitembm^ b. April 2, 1803, d. April 12, 1807. 
NATHAN ADAMS, b. at Menotomy Aug. 9, 1763. d. at Medford March 25^ 
1842; Bu Dec 13, 1803, 2d, Rebecca Tufts, b. Sept 20, 1770, d. aboot 1848. 


9* /V^r, b. Dec 9, 1804, m Martha Jane. Langley March 24, 183d, d. at Rox* 

burjr, Boston, 187^-. 
la Z0uisa^ b. Oct 6^ 1808, d. Sept 25, 1816. 

Nathan Adams was called ^ Squire Adams;'* he was a farmer, and his farm of 
323 acres was where now is the '^ Mystic Trotting Park,** and extended to the Charies- 
town line at Winter HilL He was Justice of the Pieace and for several years Select- . 
man of the town of Medford. It is understood that he had another son, Edward j 
Holyoke Adams, who married Rebecca Walcott Jan. 29, 1816; had two children, ! 
Charlotte Georgiana and George Edwin, and died Oct 13, 1827. ! 

NATHAN ADAMS (2), b. Sept 6, 1789, d. at Medford Sept xi, 1849; <»* ^ 
Medford, April 30, 1812, EKzabeth Butters, b. about 1794, d. at Chariestown Sept, 



1. Eligabiih Ann, b. at Medford April 28, 1813, m. Jeremiah P. Staniels, Nov. 

25, 1835, d. at Melrose about 1867. 

2. Nathan Augustus, b. at Medford Sept 20, 1815, m. Rebecca Steams April 

13, 184X. 
3* Martha Lauisa^ b. at Medford June 15, 1817, unmarried, d. at Medford 
July 7, 1824. 

4. Almira^ b. at Medford Sept 22, 1819, m. David Austin May 19, 1842, d. at 

Lynn 1863 (?). 

5. Thomas Hall^ b. at Medford Sept 15, 1821, m. Julia Ann Packard Dec 29, 

1846, d. at Rowley, Mass., Aug. ix, 1854. 

6. Andrew Bigibnv^ b. at Medford Dec 23, X823, m. xst, Elizabeth Bird; 2d, \ 

Elizabeth . 

7. John Quinsy^ b. at Medford Oct, 14, X825, m. Ann Eliza Perkins Nov. 27, 

8. Catharine Augusta^ b. at Medford Jan. 7, 1828, unmarried, d. at Medford 

x8s2 (?). 
9* Xebecca MatiUd^ b. at Medford Dec 24, 1830, unmarried, d. at Chariestown 

xo. Edward Everett^ b. at Medford June 30, X833, >^ >'^ Ann Martha Hil* 

dreth; 2d, Mary Lizzie 

I'** lll.HTOItY OK rilK AliAMS t*AMir.V. 

Nathan AclaniH (i) wan calletl V Dcuron AdaniHy** iHrtng lor over three yeans a <Iea« 
con in the '* Finct Parisih " (Unitarian) Church, MedforcL He was a fanner, his farm 
iK'ing 150 acres set off from his father's at Winter Hill, Medford. 

Klixalnrth Hutteni' mother was Elixalieth Cutler, the daughter of Nathaniel Cut- 
ler, and Klizalieth the daughter of James and Sarah Ilennet. 

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, b. at Medford Oct 14. 1825, m. by John Pierponr, 
Unitarian, Ann Eliza Perkins, h. at Medford April 3, 1827. 


1. £dt(wd Perkins^ b. at Wellington, Medford, Ottt. 29, 1856, m. Ktta Me- 

dom Elliot Jan. 15, 1888. 

2. J^kn Wtttinf^tom^ b. at Wellington, Medford, Aug. 2, 1858, m. Carmen Lo- 

bata May 17, x886. 

3. Kai€ Etixahcfh^ b. at Medford Oct 5, 1864, unmarried, d. at Medford Sept. 

4, 1883. 

4. EiteH Louise ^ b. at Medford Aug. 29 1866, unmarried. 

5. Fanny Fnlhn^ h. at Melrose March 17, 1869, unmarried. 

J. Q. Adams was a farmer at Wellington, Medford, Mass., 1856-1860. He has 
lieen a currier and foreman of finishing department of WelMter & Co.'s leather fac* 
tory, Edgeworth, Maiden, Mass., for the last 27 years. 

EDWARD PERKINS ADAMS, b. Hit Medford, Ma»., Oct 29, 1856, m. at 
Minneapolis Jan. 11, 1888, by Marion D. Shutter, Universalist, Etta Medora Elliot, b. 
at Minneapolis Jan. 14, 1857. 


1. /&////// Quiney^ b. at Medford Sept 13, 1888. 

2. G/addys Afaricn^ b. at AUston, Boston, Mass., Oct 75, 1889. 

E. 'P. Adams graduated as civil engineer at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 
1876. He had an office in Boston, both alone and in company with L. M. Muzzey, 
as landscape architect and sanitary engineer, 1S79-1888. 

JOHN WELLINGTON ADAMS, b. at Medford Aug. 2, 1838, m. at Ihienos 
Ayres May 17, t886. Carmen Lol>ata, b. at lUienos Ayres Dec. 3, 1858. 


T. AV/cv/f/ Gabriciia^ b. at lUienos .\yres, Feb. 38, 1887, il. ;it lUienus Ayres 
Jan. 10. 1888. 

2. Juan Carlos^ b. at Buenos Ayres Oct 28, 1888, 

3. iMiiis Alberto^ b. at Buenos Ayres Aug. 17,. 1890. 

J. W. .Adams is a wood engraver. He went to Buenos Ayres, Argentine Repub* 
lie, in 1883, and returned in 1891. He is now with the Saint Engraving Co., St. Paul, 

Ann Eliza Perkins was the daughter of Jonathan Perkins and Eliza Butler Wait 
Jonathan Perkins was the son of Andrew Perkins, of Middleton, whose wife was 
Phcebe Elliot; "He was bom in Middleton, Mass., in 1791; his grandfather islie- 
lieved to have emigrated from England to this town, which latter place was the birth- 
place of his father. This emigrant ancestor had twenty-four children, of whom An- 
drew married Phurlie Elliot, granddaughter of the Rev. Andrew Peters, of Middle* 

UiiiTiiUY or TiiK Ajiamh Family. Ill 

toiH and had eleven children; of these, Jonathan Ucrkins married, in 1823, Klixa 
Butlert fourth daughter of Nathan Wait, K:iq., hy whom he had %ix children, four of 
whom are now living." History of Medfprd, Mxhs., p. 534. 

Nathan Wait,* was a blacksmith in Medford; he w;is the scm of Nathan Wait 
and Phoebe Tufts; he married Sarah Ix>rd Fulton, the oldest child of John Fulton, 
the cousin of inventor, Robert Fulton and Sarah llradler, the daughter of Samuel 
Bradler and Mary Andrews. ** On the evening of Dec. 17th, 1773, Sarah Rradler as- 
sisted her four brothers, Nathaniel, Josiah, David and Thomas Bradler, and John 
Fulton, to disguise themselves as Indians, and saw them take pan in throwing the tea 
overboanL***^2Rpx/Mi Eveming Traveler^ Dec. 17th, 1873. ^ She was one of those who 
helped to dress the wounds of the soldiers who were in the Battle of Bunker HilL She 
was a true patriot; and Gen. Washington honored her with a visit." History of the 
Bradler family. She lived on Fulton street, Medford. 

Etta Medora Elliot is the only daughter of Daniel Elliot and Marrietta Maria 
Smith. She was bom in Minneapolis, where her parents have lived since 1830; she | 
is a graduate of the University of Minnesota, clascs of 1879; ^^^ ^^^ years taught in 
the public schools of Minneapolis; for the last few years lief ore her marriage she was 
principal of school building. 

EDWARD HOLYOKE ADAMS, d. Oct 13th, 1827; m. Rel>ecca Walcott 
Jan. S9th, x8i6, d. April 29th, 1828. 

X. CkarlotU Georgiana^ b..Jan. isth, 1818. m. Stilman Taft, Nov. 21st, 1838. 

2. Gi0rgi Edwim^ b. April loth, 1820, m. Susan Staniels. 

Edward Holyoke (or Holeoke) Adams was understood to be a son of Nathan 
Adams and Martha Wilcox, but his name does not appear in the list of their children. 

GEORGE EDWIN ADAMS, b. April loth, 1820 (died out West), m. Susan 


I. Gtorge. 2. Henry. 

3. Frank. 4. Susan. 

Susan Staniels was a niece of Jeremiah P. Staniels, who married Elizabeth A. 
Adams, the cousin of George E. Adams. 

JOSEPH ADAMS SMITH, JPaymasUr Generat U. S. Navy, Washington, D. 
£1, son of George Stillman and Delia Woodward (Adams) Smith, was born in Machias, 
Me., Sept 1st, 1837. On the maternal side he is descended from John Adams, of 
Cambridge, through Jostph, b. 1660, m. Margaret Eames; DanitI, b. 1690, m. Eliza- 
beth Minolt; Jamts, b. 1732, m. ist, Keziah Conant, 2d, Delia Adams; Joseph, b. 
1784, m. xst, Betsey Archibald, 2d, Nancy Campbell, ^^, Abigail Stone. The moth- 
er of Gen. Smith was the only child of Joseph and Betsey (Archibald) Adams. 

On the paternal side Mr. Smith's line of descent is from John Smith, who came 
to Barnstable, Mass., from EngUnd, about 1630, was betrothed to Susannah Hinkley 
(daughter of Samuel Hinkley and sister of Thomas Hinkley, afterward Governor oif 

* ** Medford was the firM town in the United Sutes that mctt«tl s fugitive dsve.** History of 
Medford, Maiw., p. 44a Nathan Wait led in the fescue of that slave. 

50 HisTouY OF TUB Adamh FAiaifA. 

&(ass.y in 1642), and married in 1643. In 1663 he succeeded Rev. William Sargent 
as pastor of the Ilamstable church. Afterward he went to Long Island and Kew 
Jersey and in 1675 removed to Sandwich, Mass. In 1676 he liecame pastor of the 
Sandwich church, continuing as such until 1688, when his. |)astorate terminated at his 
own request, he being 74 years of age. His death prolial>ly occurred Oct. sd, 17x0, at 
the great age of 96 years. 

Tiomas SmtA^ was the eighth son of John and Susannah (Hinkley) Smith. He 
was prominent in public aifaixs and was for two years, from 1698-9 representative to 
the Great and General Court In 1687 he was one of the selectmen, of which there 
were two, and at the time of his death he was Town Treasurer of Sandwich. Thomas 
married Abigail Smith. 

Samuei Smithy bom 1688, was the first son of Thomas and .\bigail Smith. He 
married Bethia Chipman, a great granddaughter of John Rowland and Elizalieth 
Tilley (daughter of John and Elizabeth Tilley),all of whom came over in the ''May- 

Siepkgn SmMf lK)m May 30th, 1739, was the tenth son of Samuel and Bethia 
(Chipman) Smith. In 1772 Stephen Smith removed from Sandwich to Machias, Me. 
In 1776, A. D., he was appointed ''Truck Master'* to the Indians by the Provincial 
Congress. The duties of this office were to supply provisions to the Indians and to 
keep them from taking active part against the colonies in the Revolutionary War. 
He was afterwards Captain in the militia and was associated with Col. Allen, Capt. 
Eddy and Maj. Stillman in the defense of Eastern Maine. He proved to l>e a com- 
|)etent commander and one whom the Indians respected and obeyed. He was active- 
ly engaged in the defense of Machias and its vicinity against the English naval forces^ 
a i>art of which were landed 'to discover the fate of the crew of the English sloop-of« 
war that wxs captured in Machias river by a band of citizens of that town, who or* 
ganixed for that specific purpose and made the capture by boldly l>oarding the en* 
emy's vessel. The capture of this English sloop of war constitutes the first Naval en- 
gagement of the Revolution. Capt Stephen Smith was known as a generous man, and 
he contributed 12,000 feet of lumber, valued at 12 i)ounds sterling, for the support of 
Rev. James Lyon's church, the largest contribution on the list. Stephen married 
Deborah EIILh, in Sandwich, in 1762. He died in Machias in 1H06. 

G^or^e SiillmaH Smithy was the ninth son of Stephen and iJeliorah (Ellis) Smith. 
He married Sally Famsworth. Their children were William Bartlett, George Still- 
man, Jr., and Thomas Uelap. 

George SUllman Smithy Jr,^ the second son of George S. Smith and Sally (Fams* 
worth) Smith, married Delia Woodward Adams, daughter of Joseph Adams, of Cher* 
ryfield, Maine. They had issue, Joseph Adams, Charles Edgar, Sarah Famsworth 
. and Newell Witherbee. ! 

Joseph Adams Smith, the subject of this sketch, was eductated at the public 
schools of Machias, Me., Newton and Dedham, Mass., and Plaistow, N. H., private 
schools, Plymouth, N. H., and Bucksport, Me., Academies and Harvard I^w School, 
Cambridge, Mass., with the degree of LI^ B. At the breaking out of the Civil War 
he was in the Secretary of. State*s office, of Maine. On Oct. Sth, 1861, he was ap|X)int« 
cd Asst. Paymaster, U. S. Navy; promoted Paymaster, Aug. 23, 1863; promoted to 


History ok thk Ai>.oih Family. 51 

Pay Inspector, May xsth, 1879; promoted to Pay Director, Nov. 24th, 1891 ; appointed 
Paymaster General of the Navy by President Arthur, June 2d, 1882. He was in active 
service throughout the war, having served on the U. S. S. Kearsarge, 1861-4, and the 
Receiving Ship Constellation at Norfolk, Vx 

During the naval engagement between the Kearsarge and Alabama, June 19, 1864 
oil Cherbourg, France, which resulted in the destruction and sinking of the latter ves«- 
sel, Gen. Smith was in command of the powder division on the Kearsarge. After the 
close of the war he was assigned to duty as Fleet Paymaster, under Com. Winslow, in 
the Gulf Squadron; 1867 to Receiving Ship Ohio, Boston, Mass.; 1870 to U. S. S. 
California; 1871 Navy Yard, Boston; 1875 Paymaster of Fleet, U. S. S. Tennessee, 
Asiatic Station; 1878 Purchasing officer, Washington, D. C; 1882 appointed Pay- 
master General; 1891 Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., as General Storekeeper; 1892 
Navy Yard, Washington, D. C, as General Storekeeper. 

He is a member of the N. E. Genealogical Society of Boston, life member of 
Harvard Law School Association, life member of Naval Institute, Annapolis, Md., 
and one of the founders of the Cosmos Club, Washington, D. C. 

He married, January 26th, i88x. May Bartlett, daughter of Ara Bartlett, second 
Chief Justice of Dakota. Issue, daughter Josephine Bartlett, bom Nov. 27, x88i. 

General Smith has frequently appeared as a public lecturer before large and ap- 
preciative audiences in the Middle and Eastern States, the subject of his lectures re- 
lating principally to his naval experiences during the exciting scenes of the Civil War. 
His lecture on Admiral Farragut, and another on the cruise of the Kearsarge have 
been noticed by the press throughout the country in the most flattering terms. 

Prof. Greene, in the Prcvidena (R. \^ Journal^ says of his lecture: ^ A very large 
audience assembled to listen to Paymaster J. A. Smith's lecture on ' The Cruise After 
«and Capture of the Alabama.' The appreciative audience were deeply interested in 
the subject, and the lecturer fully met their expectations. He graphically described 
the army and the navy. He described the cruise after the Sumter and the blockading of 
the Florida, in terms truly eloquent The powers of the s])eaker at description are mas- 
terly; and were fully brought into retjuisition in the minute details of the voyage. 
When he reached the culminating point, the description was intensely thrilling. The 
audience gave expression to their emotion by frequent cheering. As he ix)rtrayed the 
awful grandeur and horror of the battle, the emotion of the audience became intense 
])eyond description. His strictures upon the French and English were severely just, 
but manly and dignified. The lecturer possesses a good voice, more than.ordinar)' 
elocutionary powers, which pre-eminently qualify him for a place among the excellent 
of our S|)eakers upon the rostrum. His |)eroration was grand. The lecture wasi 
universally admired." 

At a meeting of Stover Post, Na 1, G. A. R., Portsmouth, N. H., Nov. 20th, 
1891, the object being the presentation to the two new school buildings of that city 
portraits of General Whipple, a distinguished officer of the Revolution, and that of 
Admiral Farragut, General Smith delivered a glowing eulogy, since published, of the 
great naval captain. 

General Smith was selected as the orator at the meeting of the Loyal Legion 
Commandery of New York, that met at dinner at Delmonico's, New York City, in 
the winter of 1891, at which were gathered 480 Union officers. 

Another distinguished audience, which General Smith was selected to address^ 
was on the occasion of the notable re-union of the Grand Army of the Republic at 



Wanhingcun, Sept. 21. 1892, at a meeting held on hoard the ** counterfeit present- 
ment " of the Keansarge, which tvasi honored by the presence of Secretary of the Navy 
Tracy, Vice-President Morton and Qthers. In its report of the address, the fPuxA- 
istgi099 Post said: 

** General Smith's stirring recital was Ibtened to with breathless interdit. The 
silence was profound throughout the entire narrative, and when he had ended there 
was a rush toward the- stand, and everybody seemed to want to congratulate him. 
Secretary Tracy was one of the most appreciative auditors, and declared it the most 
graphic account of the great naval fight that was ever iienned." 

AMOS CRANDALL ADAMS, oi San Francisco, C$1, wm bom \n ilrooklyn, 

Pa., March 3d, 1824. He is eighth in descent from /t^An of Cambridge, 1650 (said to 

be VJ Jokn^ son of Henry of Braintree), through 

Josipk (i), fourth child of '* VI John '* -»— !>. in Menotomy, now Cambridge, 1657, 
m. Margaret Eames. 

Joseph (2), eldest child of Joseph (i) and Margaret (Eames) Adams, b. in Menotomy, 
1688, m. Rebecca Cutter. 

Joseph (3), third child of Joseph (2) and Rebecca (Cutter) Adams, b. in Menotomy, 
Jiriy 3d, 17x5, m. Hannah Hall. 

Thomas^ eldest child of '' Lieut/' Joseph (3) and Hannah (Hall) Adams, b. in Cam- 
bridge, now Ariington, Mass., Aug. 20th, 17 13, known as "Captain'* Adams, re- 
mo%'ed to Ashbumham, Mass., in 1778, and continued to reside there until his 
death; m. Martha Stone. 

John, second son of Thomas and Hannali (Hall) Adams, was b. in Cambridge, Mass., 
Jan. 22d, 1744, removed with his father to Ashbumham, Mass., where he resided 
over twenty years and then went to Harford, Penn., to end his days with one of 
his sons (James) at the latter place Feb, 26th, 1849, aged 104 years, i month and 
4 days. He married — — — — and had issue. 

Jonas Russell, third son of John and 1>. in Ashbumham, Mass., April 8th, 1777, 

was a lieutenant in the war of 1812; m. ist, Nancy Tappan, in Ashbumham; issue 
James Z., Eliza D. In 181 7 he removed to Brooklyn, Pa., where he m. 3dly, Miss 
Olivia Seely. In 1836 he removed with his family to Downer's drove. 111., where he 
died, June 6th, 1878, aged 79 years, 2 months. Wy his second wife he had five 

Naiuy Olivia, m. Alexander Foster; she d. Mar. 4th, 1888, at Downer's (trove. III 
^Xmos Crandall^ of whom hereafter. 

filbert FernanJo, b. .April 14th, 1828, of whom hereafter. 
Milton, b. 1831, in Pike Co., Pa., d. 1833. 
Marv iJeanor, of whom hereafter. 

James /., sim of Jonas Russell and Nancy (Tappan) Adams, married Miss Lydia 
C. Chapman; he d. in llrooklyn, Pa., July 27th, 1885. 

Eliza Z>.,only daughter of Jon:is Ru!>.selland Nancy (Tappan) .\dams, m. (leorge 
Race; she d. in Oswego, 111., .April, 1K83. 




UurroHY ov tiik Auamm Family. 53 

Amos Crandall, second child and eldest son of Jonas RilsscII and Olivia (Scely) 
Adamsi went with his father and the rest of the family in TH36 to l)owner*H Grove» 
IlL; returned to Penn. and entered Franklin Academy (sulisetiuently Franklin Insti* 
tttte) at Harford, in the Spring of 1844, remaining there three years; afterwards read 
law in Chicago, IIL, with Spring Sc Goodride; was admitted to the liar in 1848, went 
to California in 1850, engaging in mining, trading, etc., until 1854, when he resumed the 
practice of hb profession at Mokelumne Hill, Calaveras Co., Cal. In Jan., 1 869, he was 
appointed by Gov. H. H. Haight, District Judge of the then Xlth Judicial District 
Court (embracing the counties of El Dorado, Amador and Calaveras), to fill the un- 
expired term of Hon. S. W. Brockway, resigned; in Oct of the same year was elected 
to a full term of six years, and at the expiration thereof removed to San Fran- 
€isco,.and again resumed iiractice, still continuing the same (1893), under the firm 
name of Adams & Adams. He married first. Miss Arvilla N. Aldrich, 1851 (from 
whom he was afterwards divorced), and then Miss Regina Kraft, Jan. 2xst, 1866. 
Of his first marriage there was bom Egberi Oartnte Adams, April soth, 1853, who 
was admitted to the Bar in 1874, and died in Jackson, CaL, Feb., 1879. 

Of his second marriage was born Charles AUeri AJams^ November 35th, 1867, 
at Mokelumne Hill, Calaveras County, CaL Removing with his parents to San Fran- 
Cisco in 1875, ^^ attended the public schools, and after graduating from the San 
Francisco Boys* High School, entered the University of California from which he^grad- 
uated in 1887. A graduate of Hastings College of Law of the University of Califor- 
nia, on Jan. 14th, 1889, he was, upon motion, admitted to the Supreme Court of the 
State of California, and on April ist, 1891, was admitted to the United States Circuit 
Court In February, 1891, he entered into law partnership with his father* under the 
firm name of Adams & Adams. He married, September 15th, 1892, Margaret Frances 
Harrison, third daughter of James Vail Harrison. 

Alrkrt Fkrnanim) Adaus, the third child and second son of Jonas Russell 
and Olivia (Seely) Adams, was bom in Brooklyn, Pa., April 14th, 1828, went with the 
rest of the family to Downer's Grove, IlL, in 1836; engaged in fanning with his father 
as a young man; accompanied his brother, A. C. Adam% to California in 1850; en- 
gaged with the latter in mining, trading, etc., until 1854; then for years was succes- 
sively in the oiSces of the Treasurer and the Sheriff of Calaveras Co.; married Miss 
Emma F. Hanson in 1857; removed to San Francisco, Nov., 1867; was in the U. S. 
Collector of Revenue's office in the latter city for years, first under Laidley, then Sedg- 
wick, and lastly Higby, and since then a revenue broker. 

Hb children are Carrie^ Gtt^rge Ptrry^ and AUert Cramlai; all married, and re* 
siding in San Francisco^ CaL 

Marv Elkanor, youngest child of Jonas Ruasdl and Olivia (Seely) Adams, was 
bom in Pike Ca, Pa., Jan. i6th, 1834; married William Marvin, at Downer's Grove, 
III., in 1852, and is still living. 

HENRY CAMPBELL ADAMS, I/ew York city, soldier, manufacturer, was 
lK>m in Cherryfield, Washington Ca, Me., Sept 13th, 1843. He is seventh in de- 
scent from JokH^ of Cambridge, through Jauph^ b. 1660, m. Margaret Eames; Darnel^ 
b. i690»m. Elisabeth Minott; Jamet^h. 1739, m. ist, Keaiah Conant, ad, Delia 
Adams; j0sepk^ b. 1784, m. ist, Betsey Archibald, ad, Nancy Campbell, 3d, Abi- 


}(ail Slonc; Jt^AM (Jfi/stt'j\ snn cif J<mc|}Ii and N:ini*y C*am|ilK:ll Acl;tin!«. The ntoiher 
.oT Henry C^ was a Mimsc Nanry Campbcllt ilaiiglitcr cif Samuel C!am|iiielU who was a 
clesctendant of the ancient Scottish family of this name, whose ancestry dates hack from 
A. !).» 1266. Mr. Adams was prepared for college at Washington Academy, ICast Ma- 
tthias, Me. Owing to the breaking out of the Civil War he did not complete his studies, 
hut joined the nth Maine Vol. Infantry, commanded by his preceptor, and was made 
Commissary Sergeant on the non-commissioned staif. He took part in the several 
engagements of the Peninsula campaign, including Lee's Mills, Fair Oaks, ** Seven 
Days' Fight*' He was promoted Sergeant Major, in Oct, '62, and was soon after sent 
Soiith with his regiment, and in the Spring of '63, jbified Du[>ont*s Ex|>edition to 
Charleston, S. C. On his return to Beaufort, S. C, he was commissioned 2d Lieut of 
Company G. Later he went to Femandina, Fix, where he was made Post Commis- 
sary, and placed in charge of over $xoo,ooo worth of projierty, 1)eing then but little 
past nineteen years of age. He was promoted ist Lieut in Jan., '64, and in April fol- 
lowing joined Kutler's Expedition to Bermuda Hundred, [iartici|>ating in the battle of 
Drury*s BluiF, and other engagements. On May 23d, he was appointed Staff Com- 
missary on Gen. Butler's Staff, continuing until Dec., '64. He was promoted Captain 
of his company and took part in the battle of Hatcher's Run, Farmville and Appo- 
matox Court House,' which resulted in the surrender of Lee's army. At the latter en- 
gagement, as senior captain, he was in'command of his regiment, which suffered heavy 
loss. After the surrender of I«ee, he was promoted Major and remained in Richmond, 
Va., on police duty for six months. He was sent thence to Fredericksburg and 
Warrenton on similar duty. In Dec, '65, he was placed in command of the North- 
eastsrn Dist of Va., which included all the Rappahannock counties. He was mustered 
out of service in Feb., '66, and subsequently engaged in business in Hyde Park, Mass., 
where he held the several positions of |>o.Umaster, town clerk, justice of the peace, &c. 
He removed to New York city in 1873, ^^^ engaged in the wood working business, 
and in 1891 became manager of the house of Gray, Jenks & Co. He is a member of 
the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, U. S., of the NIasonic: and other organiza- 
tions. He married MLss Nettie A. Ryan, of St Johnsburg, Vt. 

JAMES ADAMS, of Sciiuaie^ Afass.^ son of /t^Aa^ of* Plymouth, resided on a 
farm on the Marshfield side of North River, nearly opiK>site Mr. Varsnll's, the father 
of Mrs. Adams. They worshipped in the serond church in .Srituate, and their chil- 
dren were carried thither for baptism. 

The Plymouth Colony Records of June loth, 165 1, record that James Adams 
came before the government and acknowledged that he had received from Renelm Win- 
slow the jCs which was to lie paid him when he l>ecame of age, and "on the 26th of 
Decemlier, 1651, it was ordered to lie entered upon the publicke record as payed and 
received/* His widow, Frances, had 150 acres awarded to her by the Massachusetts 
General Court, May 7th, 1673, about eight miles Northward from I^ncaster. He 
married Frances, daughter of William Varsall; had IVitiiam^h, i6th May, 1647; Amh^ 
b. 18th April, 1649; Richard^ b. 19th April, i65i,died soon; JA/rr, li. 27th Jan., 1653; 
Margarci^ b. 1654, who married, in 1678, Benjamin Pierce. 

THOMAS ADAMS, of CharlesiowH^ J/nxr., shipmaster, b. aliout 1652, son of 


'Mil SamukiV* who removed io Ckrims/t^rJ: die«l at Itarhadoesy \V. t. \\y his will, 
dated 38th Feb., 1684, mode at theatre of 32,at Churlestown, |irubateiil3d June, 1686, 
by Prait. Dudleyi he gave hi» wife Mary hiH dwellin)^ houne and other estate; names 
no children, but fully indicates his relations to father Samuel, of Chelmsford, to whom 
he gives £20 in ready money, a negro girl to his mother Esther for life, and next to 
Rebecca Waldo, and at her decease to Susanna W., but with the conditions, '* she shall 
not serve above so years from this time;*' speaks of his uncle Thomas Graves, and calls 
Nathaniel, Joseph and Benjamin A., his brothers, and Esther, his sister, who should 
have residue of his property after his wife's death. 

JOSEPH ADAMS (2), b. isth Nov., 1702, son of Thomas (2), was called a 
^ cooper;'* he bought of Daniel Raymond, 27th Nov., 1 730, eighty acres of land in 

Concord^ on the way to Chelmsford. He moved to Concord, where he married Dorothy • 
Merriam, and died loth May, 1790. His wife was bom 5th April, 1706, died 25th 

July, 1791. She was daughter of Joseph Merriam, who married, 24th March, 1705, j 

Dorothy, daughter of Noah Brooks. Joseph Adams had six daughten: Prisdlta^ who ! 

m.- Benjamin Adams (prob. his cousin) of New Ipswich (see his New Ipswich, p. 291); ' 

Dorothy, b. 26th Aug.^ I737i dic<i unmirried; Ruth, b. X5th Jan., 1739, m. jPeter ; 

Fletcher, probably of New Ipswich; Mary^h. 14th March, 1742, m. Isaac Appleton 0/ ; 

New Ipswich; Beihia^ b. 3d June, 1744, died unmarried; iVIrrn*, b. asth June, 1747, \ 

m. Benj. Pollard, and 2dly, Jonas Whiting; Lydia^ b. 22d Aug., t75o, m. Joseph j 

JOHN ADAMS, of MarsMeld, Mass., Flushing, L. L, and 

West New Jersey. 

JOHN ADAMS, of Plymouih^ A/ass.^waii one of the first comers, having ar- 
rived on the *' Fortune," 9th Nov., 162 1. He married Ella Newton, who came in the 
f' Ann,*' in 1623, and was probably the only female North of Chesapeake Bay 
with such a baptismal name. He died in 1633, leaving wife and children, James^ 
John and Susan^ and the record 24th Oct. that year shows descent estate for that day. 
His widow, Ellen, presented ''an inventory of the goods and chattels of her late hus« 
band, John Adams, deceased, upon oath Nov. nth, 1633, and whereas the son, 
John died without will, it was ordered that if in case the said Ellen shall have an in- 
clination to marry, she, before her said marriage, estate the three children of her for- 
mer husband, deceased, James, John and Susan, in ;^5 sterling apiece to be paid 
when they come to years of discretion, according to the statutes of England.'* The 
widow married, June, 1634, Kenelm Winslow. 

Son of JOHN Adams (r), of Plymouth, settled first in Marshfidd. He was ad- 
mitted a freeman of the Plymouth Colony June i, 1658. He was elected Constable 
of Marshfield June 5th, 166a He subsequently moved to Flushing, L. L, as'shown 
by a deed on record at Plymouth, B. 11 f, p. 127. 

** Captain John Adams, of the towne of Flushing, in New England, America, sells, 
Dec. lotht 1666, to Nathaniel Warren, of the Towne of Plymouth, in the jurisdiction 


of Plymouth, in New Knglnnil in Aincric:ay iKcc, all that my share, lot anil |iortion of 
land, att or neare a piarc commonly called and known by the name of Nama Nakitt, in 
the jurindiction of Plymouth afore^iaid, which was granted unto me by the said John 
Adams, as luring one of the children of the old comers of the said J urisdiction, accord- 
ing to a grant of the Court for the Jurisdiction of Plymouth aforesaid, bearing date 
the third day of June, Ano. Domi., one thousand six hundred and sixty and two, being 
the twenty-eighth |iart of the tract of land, purchased by Captain Thomas South- 
worth, of the Indian ^>achem named Josias Wampatuck, in the liehalf of said Court, 
and also share of lands purchased by Major Winslow, lying and being at Namassa 
Keesett ponds.'* 

Signed by John Adams and the mark of Elizal)eth Adams, his wife. 

Children of John and Joane Adams, first wife, and Klizabeth, sd wife; Flushing. 
Marj^ b. 1656; Martha^ li. 1658; Rtkecca^ b. i66r; /Sfisa, b. 1665; Sarak^ b.x668; 
Jamis^ b. 1671: Susanna^ b. 1674; Hannak^h. 1675; Z>r^raj|,b. 1678; John^h. x68o; 
Abijak^ b. 1682; Thomas^ b. 1684; Marsiy^ b. 1686; Phtke^ \u 1691. 

Capt John Adams l)ecame a convert to Quakerism, through the preaching of 
John Bumyeat, and finally exchanged his farm of 130 acres in Flushing, for a house, 
500 acres of land, and ^190 cash in West New Jersey, on June 4th, 1691. 


IviLUiM AVAMS/of Cambiddge and Ipswich, and UIs 


WILLIAM ADAMS, of Ipnoich^ the ancestor of this branch of the family was 
bom in England, Feb. 3d, 1594, came to America in the Spring of 1628; settled first 
in Cambridge, was made a freeman in 1639; removed to Ipswich, Mass. (now Ham- 
ilton), l)efore 1643; was selectman in 1646, and died in 1661. He is said to have de- 
scended from Randall Adams, of an old Saxon family at Norwood, town of Wem, 
Shropshire. The name of William Adams' wife is not given. His children were: 
I, William; II, John; III, Samuel; IV, Hamnah; V, Mary; VI, Nathaniel. 

I, WILLIAM ADAMS (2), eldest child of William (i), was born ; married 

Elisabeth Stacey, of Ipswich; he died 1659. Their children were: IVii/iam {2)^ 
Siffiofi^ J^kn. 

II, JOHN ADAMS, of Ipstoiek^ second child of William (i), was born alK>ut 
1631: married Rebecca _i-« ; issue, Jokn^ b. about 1688; Mary, b. 1670; Dorcas^ 
b. 1678, m. Daniel Warren, of Ipswich. 

III, SAMUEL ADAMS, of IpswUk, third child of William (t), was born ; 

married, 1664, Mehitable Norton, issue, Mtkiiabie^ b. 1665; Mary^ b. 1667; Samuel^ 
b. 1670; William^ b. 1673; Sarak^ b. 1677. 

IV, HANNAH ADAMS, of Ifswuk, fourth child of William (i). 

V, MARY ADAMS, of Ipswuk, fifth child of William (x). 

VI, NATHANIEL ADAMS, of Ipswuk, youngest child of William (x), bom 
aljout 1641; freeman 1674; married X678, Mercy, daughter of Thomas Dickinson, of 

UmrottY or tiik Adamm Family. ST 

Koxbur]i4 he died 17 15; \a»VLt^ NaiManut^ b. 1670; Tkamas^h. 1673; Aftny^ k 1674, 
died 1679; SaroAf b. 1675; fyiftiam^ b. 1678 (died young); Jfcny^ K 1680; Samuti^ 

REV. WILLIAM ADAMS (3), of Dedham, Mass., son William (3), grandson 
of William (i), was born at Ipswich,. Miss., 37th May, 1650; graduated at Harvard 
College 1671, ordained 3d Dec., 1673; married, 3ist Oct, 1674, Mary, daughter of 
William Manning, of Cambridge; issue, Afary^ b. 1675, died 1676; Eupkalet, b. 36th 
March, 1677; WlUiam, b. 17th Junie, 1679, died soon. The wife of Rev. William 
Adams died 34th June, 1679, and he married secondly, 37th March, c68o, Alice, 
daughter of William Bradford, of Plymouth; he was settled at Dedham, 1673 to 1685^ 
and was the second minister of that town; he died 17th Aug., 1685; he had preached 
at Boston, the Gen. Elect, sermon, 37th May preceding. His widow became the 
second wife of Major James Fitch, of Norwich, Conn. His children by his second 
wife, bom at De^am, were JISZtm^/A, b. 33d Feb., 1681; she married 1696, Rev. 
Samuel Whiting; of . Windham, Conn., who died 1735; she married secondly. Rev. 
Samuel Niles, of Braintree, died 1767, at New Haven; Alict^ b. 3d April, 1683, m. 
X701, Rev. Nathaniel Collins, of Enfield; William^ b. X7th Dec, 1683; Abiel^ b. rsth 
Dec, 1685, m. Rev. Joseph Metcalf,of Falmouth, who d. 1733, and she m. secondly* 
Rev. Isaac Chauncey, who d.' 1745. 

SIMON ADAMS,, of IpswUk^ second son of William (3), married Hannah ; | 

he was a soldier in the Narragansett Campaign, died 1733; issue, Sarah, m. 1713^ 
Henry Russell; Ha9inah, b. 18th Jan., 1693; Simon, b. 30th Oct, 1694; Darnel, b. 
3oth Nov., 1697. 

JOHN ADAMS, of IpswuM, youngest child of William (3), bom at Ipswich, r i 
March, 1668, married Hannah Treadwell, of Ipswich, he died 1717. Issue, Hannah^ \ 
b. 1691; Sarah; Abigail; John, b. about 1700; Mary; Priscilla, b. 1713. f 

Natmanibl Adams (3), son of William (3), grandson of William (1), was made \ 
a freeman 37th May, 1674, married, 30th June, 1668, Mary, daughter of Thomas ! 
Dickinson, of Rowley, and was living in 1693. His children were Nathaniel (3), who 
died in 1736; Thomas (3), b. T4th June, 1673, he died in 1739, and his will was 
proved 33d Nov., that year. 

Thomas Adams ^3), son of Nathaniel (3), married Bethia , and had 

Thomas (3), Joseph, Benjamin, Charles, Sarah (who m. Bishop), LyMa (who m. Wood 
bury), and Elizabeth. 

Thomas Adams (3), son of Thomas and Bethiah Adams, m. Deborah — ^ » 

and had four sons: Thomas (4), Ephraim, Benjamin and EuhieL He died in the be- 
ginning of 1765, and his will, written in 1750, mentions his brother Joseph and refers 
to deeds of land in New Ipswich, to his sons Ephraim and Benjamin. 

EPHRAIM ADAMS^ of New Ipswieh, N. M., was bom at Ipswich, Mass.^ 
1734, son of Thomas, of Ipswich, grandson of John, and great grandson of 
William, who was at Cambridge, 1638, and removed to Ipswich before 1643. He 
was a soldier in the French War, 1746. Soon after his return he married and re* 


HH HiMTOKV ov TiiK Adams Faxily. 

' nuivcd to New liMwirh, N. If., of which he was on« of the foundern. He asuitsted 
in the organisation of the church* and wax elected the first deacon, and held the 
office until his death. He took a leading {Kirt in the strong measuries which preceded 
the Revolution, and at. the breaking out of the war did his whole duty, both in coun- 
cil and in the field* ' It is said that he did more than any man in the town to procure 
enlistmentH and means to carry on the war. The lukewarm and despondent were en- 
couraged by his ardor, and the tories and croakers quailed under his satire and 

BENJAMIN ADAMS, of J/ew Ipswich^ N.H.y was bom at Ipswich, Mass., 
1728, brother of above, served as a private in the War of the Revolution; was disa- 
bled by rheumatism contracted in the Campaign of 1776, near White Plains, in con- 
sequence of having his blanket stolen from him while he slept. He died at Mew 
I|)swich, 1815. 

NATHANIKL AUAMS (3), of //xiv/Vit, ddest son of VI. Nathaniel (1) and 
Mercy (Dickinson) Adams, grandson of William (x), bom in I{iswich 2 July, 1670; 
married Abigail, daughter of Caleb Kimball. Issue: Naihamitl (3), b. 1695, d. 1736; 
WUliam^ b. 1696; Ahi^ail^ b. 1699; Calth^ b. 13 Feb., 1702; Afercy^ b. 1704; Robert^ 
b. 1705; Anna^ b. 1708; Afary^ b. 17 14. 

THOMAS ADAMS, of /pswicA, son of VI. Nathaniel (1) and Mcny (Dickin. 
son) Adams, grandson of William (1), was lK>m at Ipswich, 14 June, 1673; married 
llethiah . Issue: Bethia^ b. 1694, died soon; Sarah^ b. 1697; Thomas^ b. 

1699; Joseph^ b. 1702; Lydia^ b. 1704; Elisabeth^ b. 1707; Bciijanihi^ b. 1710; Charlfi^ 
b. 1712; Jivthiak again, b. 1714. 

S.VMl'KL /VDAMS, of /pswitA^ youngest son of VI. Nathaniel (1), and Mercy 
(Dirkinson) .-V dams, grandson of William (i), was liorn jxt Ipswich 29 June, 1682; 
married Mary, daughter of Andrew Hurley, of Ipswich. Lssue: Mary^h. 1708; Siira/i^ 
b. 1710; Sitffiucl^ b. 19 Jan., 171 1; Nathamcl^ b. 1712; moved to Worcester: AHJrnv^ 
'*• '7*3« ./«""*% John^ /omtthoii^ EtizaMAf Ennice. 

RKV. ELIPHALK r ADAMS, of New Lifnd^H^ Conn., son of Rev. William (3) 
Adams of Dedham, Mass., grandson of William (2) and great grandson of William 
(1), of Cambridge and I|)swich, was liom in Dedham, Mass., 26 March, 1677. He 
was graduated at Harvard College, 1694, and soon after commenced {ireaching, con- 
tinuing in various places for ten years, and in 1709 was ordained a Congregational 
minister jn New I«ondon, Conn., where he remained until his death, Oct. 4, 1753. He 
was a man of great learning and a profound Hebrew scholar. He l)ecame interested 
in the Indians and accpiired a knowledge of their language. He was extremely pop- 
ular as a preacher, and was frequently invited to deliver sermons l)efore educational 
and professional iKxlies. He married, 15 Dec., 1709, Lydia, dau. of Alexander 
Pygan, of New Ix>ndon, Conn. Issue: bora at New I^ndon, Conn., William (4), b. 
r7 Oct., 1710, graduated at Yale College, 1730, died 1798; Py^mn^ b. 27 March, 1712; 



Jilary^ h. 1714; Thomas^ Ik 1715, graduated at Yale, \iw^ died Sept., 1753; Samuel^ 
h. II Aug., 1717, died young; Lydia^ Ik ao Kel>.» 1730, died Hoon. The first wife of 
Mr. Adams died 1749, and he married secondly, at Huston, 21 Sep., 1750, Rlixaheth 
Wam, of lloston. 

CHARLES KENDALL ADAMS, LL.D., President of the University of Wis- 
consin, only son of Charles and Maria (Shedd) Adams (dau. of Henry Shedd, of 
Jaifrey, N. H.), was born in Derby, Vt, Jan. 24, 1835. His line of descent is from 
William Aoaus, who was of Cambridge, 1635, and of New Ipswich before 1642, 
through Naikaniil (x), sixth child of William, b. 1670; Thomas (i), second child of 
Nathaniel, b. June 14, 1672, and Bethiah — — ; Thomas (2), b. 3 Aug., 1699, 
third child of Thomas (x) and Deborah (Knowlton) Adams; Benjamin^ b. 1728, 
ionrth child of Thomas (2) and Prisctlla Adams (cousin of Benjamin); Benjamin^ b. 
4ibout X763, who married Olivia Everett, and Charles^ father of C. H. Adams. Three 
children were bom to Charles and Maria (Shedd) Adams, viz.: Charies K., the eldest, 
Susan Augusta^ h. 1827, d. X839; Emma Afaria^ b. 1840, she married in x86f James 
Stanton; she died in T862, leaving one fton/CAar/es Adams Stanton^K 1862, now 
living (1893) at Neenah, Wisconsin. 

When twenty years of age Mr. Adams moved to Iowa, and subsequently entered 
the University of Michigan* graduating in 1861. He became assistant professor there 
in X863, and five years later was elected to the full professorship of history. In 1869 
he founded the history seminary at Ann Arbor. In i88x he became a non-resident 
professor of history at Cornell University, and in 1885 succeeded Andrew D. White 
4is its president, and later became president of the University of Wisconsin. He has 
published papers and pamphlets on historical and educational subjects, and is the 
author of '' Democracy and Monarchy in France " (New York, 1874^ and a '' Manual 
•of Historical Literature •• (New York, 1882). He has also edited "Representative 
British Orations" (3 vols., New York, 1884). 

FREDERIC ADAMS, Neiiutrh, N. /.• was b. in Amherst, New Hampshire, 
Oct. 9, 1840. He is descended from William, who was of Cambridge, 1635, and 
New Ipswich before 1642, through NalhanUl (i), sixth child of William, b. 1670; 

Thomas (i), second child of Nathaniel, b. 14 June, 1672, and Kelhiah ; Thomas 

(2), b. 3 Aug., 1699, third child of Thomas (i) and Deborah (Knowlton) Adams; 
Benjamin, b. 1728, fourth child of Thomas (2) and Priscilla .Vdains (cousin 
•of Benjamin); Benjamin^ b. about 1763, and Olivia (Everett) Adams; he died 
in 1826 at New Ipswich, Mass.; he had nine children, of whom Rev. Frederic 
Augustus Adams, father of Frederic Adams, was one; he was l)om in New Ips- 
wich, Mass., July 19, 1807, died at East Orange, N. J., .April 8, 1888; he married 
Mary Jane Means, one of the nine children of Col. David Means, of Amherst, N. H.; 
-she died in East Orange, N. J., in 1882. Rev. Frederic .\ugustus Adams was gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth College in the class of 1833, and soon opened a private school at 
Georgetown, D. C, where he had among his pupils sons of Henry Clay, Lewis Cass 
and other distinguished men. He was subsequently a tutor at Dartmouth College; 
he was prepared for the ministry at Andover Theological Seminary, and was settled 



brer the Orthodox Congregational Churt^h at Amherst, N. H. After a short pantorate 
he liecame, in 1^40, principal of the Dummer Academy at Hyfield, in the town of 
Newl>ur}% Mas9i.« an institution founded and endowed liefore the revolution by Gov* 
ernor William Dummer. In 1847 he moved to Orange, N. J., and took charge of a 
young ladies' seminary and hoarding school. He sul>sei|uently lietrame principal of 
the Newark Academy, and then returned to Orange, where he taught until he laid 
aside his work. He had four children, three daughters who died young, and Fred- 
eric Adams, the subject* of this sketch. The latter was prepansd for college at 
l'hilli|Ki Andover Academy (1858), graduated at Yale, 1862, and Harvard Law 
School. 1864; was admitted to practice at the Bar of New York in 1864, and of New 
Jersey in T867, and has practiced law in Newark for several years pastl He married 
in 1870 (Oct 87), Miss Ella King, dau. of John S. King, of Putnam, Ohio, and 
Martha S., his wife. Issue, five children, Constance, li. April 27, 1873; John King^ 
b. Jan« 23, 1878; Ellis, b. March 4, 1880; Rebecca Appleton, b. Oct 21, 1881; 
Frederic Atherton, b, Dec. it, 1889. The original deed of land given by Thomas (2) 
to his sons Ephraim and Benjamin, is now in the iXMssession of Frederic Adams great 
grandson of the latter. 


JOHN BROWN ADAMS, of Springfield, Mass., was born in Marll)oro, Middle- 
jMsx Ca, Mass., Dec. 1*0, 1814. He is eighth in descent from William of Ipswich (now 
Hamilton), Mass., b. in England 1594, came to America 1628, settled first in Cam- 
bridge, and removed to Ipswich, where he took up a tract of land. John, the grand- 
father oi John Brown Adams, was born Nov. 26, 1746, son of John and Elizabetb 
(Whipple) Adams (fifth in descent from William, the ancestor). He married Kliza- 
l>eth Hubbard, of Ward (now Auburn), Mass., a descendant of C«eorge Hubbard, b. in- 
(ilastonbury, Eng., came to America 1636. The issue of this marriage was Oliver, Clark^ 
Thamer, Jokl, Alpheus, Susanna, John, Jr., and Benjamin, all liorn in Northbridge^ 
Mass. JoKi., the fourth child of John and Elizalieth (Hubbard) Adams, m. Oct 13^ 
1875, Axubah Whitney, of Westboro, Mass., daughter of Elijah Whitney, a descendant 
of John Whitney, the Puritan, of Watertown, Mass. (through Thomas Whitney, of 
the Shrewsbury line), born in England 1589, came from London to America on the 
*'Klizabeth and .\nn" in 1635; she died April 24, x8o6. [Another Joel Adams, probably 
of the one who married Azubah Whitney, was bom in Mendun, April i, 1749, and 
married in Lincoln, April 24, 1772, Lucy Whitney. It does not appear whether this 
Lucy Whitney belonged to the Daniel or Nathaniel Whitney line.] Elijah Whitney 
referred to was bom April 21, 1761, m. Mindeville Hardy, May 27, 1785. 

The issue of the marriage of Joel and .\zubah (Whitney) Adams was five son» 
and one daughter. 

Mary, only daughter of Joel and Azubah (Whitney) Adams, m. Alexander Bimes^ 
a Scotchman, who settled in the United States as a railroad contractor. He lived at 

Nathan Whitney, second child and first son of Joel and Azubah (Whitney) 
Adams, was b. Jan. 7, 1788, d. Dec 22, 1843, ae. 56 ; ro. Susanna Adams, a sister of 
Joel Adams. These are the only members of the Adams family who entered the 
Elijah Whitney family." 




HiMTOllY iW TIIK AliAMH K.\:4II.V. tit 

In addition to these were /t^Ast Brtnon^ Cyrus Huiier^ and Orim /res. 

Joel Adams went with his brother to Cireenbushi N. Y., where they for several 
years carried on a country store. They subsetiuently dissolved partriemhip, the brother^ 
^ing South and Joel to Providence, R. I., where he was long engaged in mercantile 
jdFaiis. His wife died June t^ 18361 aged forty-nine ; he died Aug. 31, 1841, al 
Providence. John Brown Adams, the third son of Joel and Azubah (Whitney) 
Adams, was educated at private school, and prepared for college, but finally decided 
to adopt a business career, and entered his father's store as clerk, where he acquired 
a practical business education. Upon reaching his majority he was for two years 
engaged on the construcrion of the Stonington (Conn.) Railroad (now the New Yorkt 
Providence and Boston R. R.), and for four years afterward on the Western and the 
Norwich and Worcester Railroads with contractors Binne, McManus & Ca, until the 
completion of the roads in 1841. In this capacity Mr. Adams displayed such integrity 
of character and business ability as to retain the confidence of his employers and 
command their influence for the future. In 1841, before the road was fully completed, 
Mr. Adams was appointed conductor on the Western (now the Boston and Albany) 
Railroad, and ran the first passenger train over the road from Albany to SpringfieldL 
He remained in this position, conducting the morning train from Springfield to Al- 
liany and return, for thirty-two years, probably the longest time served by any one 
man in a public position of this kind in the State. During three years the dbtance 
traveled was equal to a trip four times around the worid; during eighteen months of 
this period he was on the road continuously without losing a trip. In 1852 Mr. 
Adams received, as a token of his courtesy, fidelity and kindness to all classes of 
society^ for his sleepless vigilance and assiduous attention to the duties he had in 
charge, a service of silver plate engraved with the following inscription : ** To John 
B. Adams, Conductor of W. R. Road, for his unfailing kindness, his unremitting at* 
tention, and his constant care, this testimonial is presented by a few of his friends, 
Jan. 1, 1852." On Nov. 26, 1873, ^i** Adams resigned his position as conductor, to 
take e£Fect on and after Dec. ist of that year. Having acquired a competence, he 
settled down at his home in Springfield, where he had erected a large and commodi- 
ous residence, beautifully located, in the suburiis of Springfield, to which he has since 
added many attractions, affording not only a delightful home for his children, but 
enabling him to dispense that hospitality to his numerous friends for which he has 
always 1>een noted. During his service as conductor on the Boston & Albany* R. R. 
he was .also interested in the construction of the Pittsfield and North .\dams R. R. 
It is a fact worthy of note that his position as conductor brought him in contact with 
many of the most prominent men of the country, who took occasion to express by 
letter their deep appreciation of his uniform kindness and attention, and among thesct 
which is highly treasured by him, is one from Henry Clay. Mr. Adams has never 
taken any active part in ix>litics. He was identified with the old Whig party until 
that ceased to exist, since which time he has given his support to whichever party in 
His opinion represented (he highest and iMSst interests of the nation. Mr. Adams 
married, in 1838, Alice Arnold Holmes Cook, daughter of Capt. John Cook of Tiverton, 
R. I. Her grandfather, William Arnold, was a man of great wealth and prominence, 
and a descendant of the colonial Governor llfsnedict Arnold. 1*he issue of this mar- 


riage was Phibe^ who married Chariet K. Vinton ; Joha^ deceaHed; AlUe Wkilaey 
Adams^ unmarried, and WiUiam Holmes Adam.% deceased Children of Mrn. Phebe 
(Adams) Vinton : 

Mae A. Vinton, h. Dec. 15, 1870,. d. Dec:. 7, 1891. 

Bessie Vinton, b. June 22, 1874. 


Robert Adams, supposed to be a son of Robert of England, came to Ipswich^ 
Mass., in 1635 with his wiff Eleanor; thence to Saliem in 1638. and to Newbury 1640; 
settled on land still in possession of his descendants; died Oct la, 16839 aged eighty 
years. Two children, John and James, b. in England. At Salem he had Abraham^ 
b. 1639; at Newbury he had ttaac^ b. 1648; Joiob^ li. Sept a3d, 1649, died sooii; 
IIau9iah^ Ik 15 June, 1650; Jacob again, li. 13 Sep., 1651; EliwabiiA^ Mary and Arche^ 
laus^ the youngest, b. before 1648. His wife Eleanor, d. is June, 1677, and he married^ 
6 Feb., 1678, Sarah, widow of Henry Short, who survived to 14 Oct., 1697. 

SER(}'r. ABRAHAM ADAMS, of Niwbary, Mass., eldest child of Robert, b. 
in Salem, Mass., 1639, married 16 Nov., 1670, daughter of Richard Pettengill, of the 
same |>lace. Had Mary, b. 16 Jan., 1672; Robert, b. 13 May, 1674; Abrakam, b. 1676; 
Isaat, b. 20 Feb., 1679; Sarab, b. 13 April, \6Zii John, b. March, 16^4; Matthew, b. 
25 May, 1686; Jsrofl, b. 25 Dec., x688; Dorothy, b. 25 Oct, 1691; Richard, b. 22 
Nov , 1693. His wife died 19 Sep., 1705; he died \2 Dec., 1714. 



Born in Newbury^ Ma.«M., 1649, son of Robert. Married, 7 April, 1677, .\nn Allen 
or Kllen; had Dorothy, b. 26 June, 1679; Rebecca, b. 26 Aug., z68o. Removed to 
Sufficid, Conn., and there had seven children. In his will, besides the two born at 
Newbury, names Jacob; Daniel; Abraham^\%. 10 Nov., 1687; John; Ann; lUizabethy 
b. 16 Aug., 1692. and Sarah. £k>me of them had perhaps l>een in a neighl>orin|C 
town. He represented Suffield in the General Court of Conn. 1711-14-17. 


8on of RoHKKjr, of NtKfbnry^ Afau.^ b. about 1650. Died in Salisbury, Conn^ 


RICHARD ADAMS, first of Sudbury, and afterwards of Newbury, son of 
'^Sergeant Abraham" Adams, was bom Nov. 22, 1693. He had been a !(oldier in Mos- 
by's com|iany; wounded in the great ** Swamp fight'* 19 Dec., 1675. Hy wife, Rebecca^ I 
had Richard, b. 11 April, 1680; Rebecca^h. 1682; Sarah,\u 1683; John^ li. 20 Oct., | 
1686. I 

History of tiik Adamh Family. 


• I 

JUSKl'H ADAMS, M. D., born in Andover, Mass., A|iril 4, 1788, was the stm 
Knpck (5) [Henry (4), Abraham (3), Abraham (a), Kolnrrt (i}|. 
i He studied Medicine with Doctor Warren Mann of Hallowelli Me., and after 
/octicing for a short time in Standish and Summer, Me., settled in Rumford, Me., 
fhere he followed his profession until his death, which occurred Aug. $, 1840. 

He married Betsey Famum March 26, z8ta, who wxn a daughter of David and 
3orcas (Wheeler) Famum of Rumford, Me. 

, Doctor' Adams took great interest in church matters and early espoused the 
;;:ause of the abolition of slavery, and also interested himself in the cause of Temper- 
; ance. Mrs. Adams died Nov. 29, 1865. 


David Famum, b. March 4, 1813, educated at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary, 
Kents Hill, Me. . 

Erasmus Darwin, b. Dec. 31, 18x4, educated at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary, 
' Kents Hill, Me. 

Maria Bartlett, b. March 26, 1817, educated at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary, 
Kenu Hill, Me. 

Warren Mann, b. June 12, 1819. 

Mable Wait, b. July 13, 1821 . 

Henry Melgrove, b. July 23, 1823. 

Martha Hall, b. Aug. 29, 1825. 

Mark Grafton, b. Aug. 19, 1835, educated at Hallowell Academy, Hallowell, Me. 


CLARENCE EVERAGE ADAMS, of Chicagp, III., was bora in Indiana Dec. 
J, 1868. His. line of descent is from Robtrl, of Newburyport, Mass., through Jacobs 

of Newburyport ( not known), Moses, of Suffield, Nathaniel Jonathan, of Suf* 

field, Siih, of Norwich, Mass., James, of Agawan, Mass., Henry Louis and ThaJJeus. 
Seth, above referred to, was a soldier in the War of the Revolution. Thaddeus Adams, 
the father of Clarence E., served four years in the late war as a memlier of a Penn- 
sylvania regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Antietam. At the close 
of the war he married a Miss Jane Philip, of Virginia, who had two brothers in the 
Confederate army; another brother was killed in the Mexican war. Clarence E., the 
subject of this sketch, attended school at Kokones, Ind., and graduated at the 
Normal School at the age of sixteen. He began his business career at the age of 
seventeen as clerk in the drygoods house of H. P. Wasson & Co., of Indianapolis, 
where he remained about eighteen months, and having obtained a better position, re- 
moved to Chicago, where he remained one year with the house of Mandle Bros., and 
then formed a connection with the well-known drygoods firm of Haskett & Co., as 
silk and dress goods buyer, being the youngest man in Chicago holding a similar 
position, Mr. Adams possesses many of the prominent characteristics of the Adams 
family, notably an indomitable will and perseverance, untiring industry, unimiieacha* 
ble integrity and honesty. To these qualities he owes his success in life, having 
worked his way up to his present |)Osition by his own efforts. He married in 1889 
Miss Tillie Longerich, daughter of Professor Longerich, of Indiana, founder of the 
Indiana|x>lis Manerchor, a native of Saxony. 






In 1-645, joined in a petition with others for a plantation on the lands of Pun- 
ham. He removed E. and had fine estate at Killery, where in his will in SuiT. Reg. 
X 105, of 13th June, 1686, probated aist Sep. 1687, more than eight months after his 
death, by Gov. Andros, he named wife Margaret and four children — /^A^t Afari^ 
Ahh and Afary^ l>esides cousin Isaac Goodwright, to which are given two cows. 

FEKDINADO ADAMS was at Dedham, 1637, a shoemaker, from London, 
made a freeman X3th May, 1640. By wife Ann, had itf^/^^7, b. 15th Sep., 1638; 
Beihia^ loth June, 1640; NaikanUI^ i6th March, 1643. In Aug. 1641, had leave to 
ff% home on business, but if he went he came back next year. 


By wife Mary, daughter of Thomas Barker, who died 28 June, 1710, had TkomaSt 
b. 19 Oct, 1675, ^^^^ soon; Jpseph^ b. 13 Oct, 1676; Mari^^ 12 May, 1678; Sarah^ 
15 March, 1680; Rager^ 3 July, 1681; Abigail^ xo April, 1683; Daniel^ 6 Nov., 1684; 
Hannah^ 7 April, 1686, died young. Will dated 14 Dec., 1713. 


Came in the ^ Abigail," 1635, aged 39. Was a bricklayer from Northampton. 
Came with Susan, probably his wife. Supposed to have lived at Charleston, 1674, and 
may be the same who died 6 Oct that same year, whose wife, Eliza, died Nov., x 656. 
His will mentions the following: Mary Clough, and .Sarah, wife of Edward Counts. 


ABRAHAM, |)osstbly son of Naihaniel^ of Weymouth. Had lived at Falmouth, 
where, before 1667, he married Sarah, daughter of Arthur Mackworth, and from his 
widow had gift of an island in Bay. I.ater in life he was an innholder, and 
one of the Iiand of volunteers who took, Oct, 1689, a piratical vessel in the Vine- j 
yard Sound, after some resistance, and brought her into Boston. His wife was Abi- 
gail, daughter of Nicholas Wilmot, who in his will of 27 Sep., 1684, provides for her 
share by his estate. From his will, made 6, proved 18 April, 1700, it is shown that he - 
had by a former wife, /. ^., Mackworth-s daughter, two daughters, Sarah Grant and 
Jane Snelliiig. and by wife Abigail, made executri.x, had Zachariah^ Samuel^ Abra^ '•. 
AajMf Afary, Abigail and Eliza. 

HENRY, marriecU 10 May, 1660, Mary, daughter of William Petty, of Wey- 


NATHANIEL ADAMS, turner, married, 25 Nov., 1652, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Philemon Portmort, but whether she died soon and he had another wife Sarah, is un* 
certain, for one Nathaniel, of Boston, died Oct, 1675, and his wife Sarah died May, 


• • . • " 

NATHANIEL ADAMS, blockmaker. By wife Mary had Naikauiel.h. 10 Sep., 
1653; Mary^ h. 20 May, 1655; Sarak^ b. 9 Aug., 1657; Dmid^ b. 30 June^ 1659; 
J0uph^ b. 19 June, 1661; EliwaktA^ b. 2 March, 1662, died soon; Bemjamim^ b. 10 
Dec, 1665; Ettza again, b. 2 Oct, 1667; BenfaMin again, b. 27 May, 1671; Isaac^ b. 
2 Nov., 1673; Mary again, b. 23 Sep., 1677. • He died 30 March, 1690. 

NATHANIEL ADAMS, son of Nathaniel the blockmaker, was a soldier in 
Philip's war, of Turner^s Company. .He lived at Charlestown for a while; married 
Hannah, daughter of Nicholas Wilmot, who remembers her in his will of 27 Sep., 

ALEXANDER ADAMS, a shipwright; madea freeman 1648; artillery company 
1652; married, probably, Mary Coffin, sister of Tristam the first; had Jfary^ b. 19, 
bap. 25 June^ 1646; removed to Dorchestbr; there had Susanna^ b. 14 May, 1648; 
fohn^ b. 26 Feb., 1653; Samuel^ b. 7 May, 1656. 


Blockmaker, of whom it is learned from his will, made i April, 1707, probated 8 
March following, that his wife was Rebecca, and that he had Samuel^ eldest son, be« I 
sides Jpnaikan^ Naihaniel and James^ and four daughters, Rebecca^ Dorcas^ Mary j 
and Lydia. His wife was daughter of James Andrews, of Falmouth. 



He was settled first at Braintree, Mass.; removed soon to Cambridge, then called 
Newtown; made a freeman 6 May, 1635. . He went with Rev. Mr. Hooker's company 
to Hartford, Conn., in 1636. In 1638 he was one of the committee, with Cape. John 
Mason, appointed by the General Court of Conn., to trade with the Indians for com. 
In 1644 he was ordered to appear at the next Particular Court, and receive from thei 
Court such censure as he deserved for his resistance of an ofiicer— his iKissionatej 
speeches and language, and unseemly conduct in face of the Court He had 30 acres! 
of land in the land division at Hartford in 1639. In 1661-2 the General Court! 
granted him 300 acres of upland, and 40 acres of meadow, where he kept his cattle 
the previous winter. In i66s he kept an ordinary at Hartford. In 1663 he wasi 
established custom master for Hartford; was constable there in 1639, and wasthej 
only person in Hartford allowed to sell wine in. less quantity than a quarter of a cask.! 
He had three wives, of which the first is unknown by name; by her he had Samutl^ 
b. about 1643, bap. Nov. 23, 1645, ^*^^ perhaps more. His second wife, Rebecca, 
widow of Samuel Greenhill, d. 1678; and by her he had other children, probably Atu^s^ 


(l(! HlMTUIIY or TIIK AllAJHM Family, 

who married KolK*rt SanfonI; A/#Wr» who married Nathaniel Willet, and yc^^iv, unless 
one or two were by former wife, and Ahisail. Reliecca, widow of the second Andrea 
Warner, and daughter of John Fletcheri was his third wife. He died ii Aug., 1683. 
In bis will, made seven days before, he divided his estate, half to children of his son 
John^ and half to those of deceased Willet His widow was 77 years old at her deadi, 
25 June, 1715, and doubtless had provision from the estate. 

JOHN ADAMS. Probably son of Jbrkmy. Had Reiecca^ b. Aug., 1658; 
Abigail^ b. Feb., x66o; SaroA, b. March, 1662; Jtremr^ b. Aug., 1664; John^ b. 1666; 
Jonaihan^ b. 6 Nov., 1668, and died 1670, leaving widow in expectation of another 
child. Of the sons, Jeremy went to Hmttingtpit^ L. /., and John to Great Egg 
Harbor^ L. /. 

* ■ • 

ANDREW ADAMS, was at Hartford in 1643, being there employed as school- 
master. Nothing further known. 

WILLIAM ADAMS, was in Hartford 1650. Perhaps lM>ught land at Farm- 
ington, 1653, and there died, 1655. His widow, Eliza, died 3 Aug. following. 


Was at New Haven 1640, at Milford 1646, and Fairfield 1650. By his will of! 
7 Aug.* 1 67 1, he gave estate to wife Margaret, and children, Sattnicl; Abraham; Mary; 
McrwtH^ who was bap. about x^^y^^Natkaniet; John; Nathan. The two latter died 
without issue. Edward was allowed by the General Court, in March, 16461 to have 
a lot of land in Milford, provided he would learn to dress skins and leather, and ! 
follow the trade. 



Tuiik oath of fidelity 7 .April, 1657. Married, 27 Nov., 1667, Rebecca, daughter 
of William Potter; had Abigail^ b. 29 Sep., x668. There was a story that obtained 
some credence at the time of his being mistaken for King Charles 1 1, at New Haven,, 
in 1652, showing that the government of New England apprehended a gent not manyi 
years since, supposed him to be- the king; resolved to send him to England had notj 
Sir Henry Moody and others better known His Majesty. 


Married, s ^P-f ^^1% ^he widow of Leslie Bradfield, .probably as second wife, 
and died about 1675. His will of 1670 names wife and son, John only, but this, it 
may be supposed, was by former wife, for he made his will 10 Oct., 1677, and died! 
that year, giving his pro|)erty to Noah Rogers and others, having no near relations. 




Married, prokal>ly 16S7, Mary, daughter of Samuel ]^lmey; had JA#rr» bap. 16 
Jan., 1698; Thankful^ 10 April rollowing, and other children {lerhaps before or after; 
certain Ephratm, b. 2^ May, 1701. 

JOHN ADAMS, of 5/wx3//r7, CV/i//., first. of WhiJsor^ Cofrn. Married, 1677, 

.Abigail, daughter of Humphrey Pumey; had Mary^ and Abigail, b. 1681; and JoAn^ 

early in 1683; all named in the will of their grandfather, Pumey, who died iB Aug., 

1684, as if the mother were dead. He was. probably brother of Daniel, and removed 



Married, 25 May, 1660, Eliza, daughter of Thomas Buckland, and died 15 Aug., 
1683, leaving only child Afary^ b. 28 Aug., 1671. 

AARON ADAMS, of NrKf York eity^ was l>om in New York city, March 6, 
1840. He is descended from ' one of three brothers, all shipbuilders, who, with 
their sister, came from Scotland about 1750, in vessel of their own construction, and 
settled first on Long Island, and afterwards removed to Hunterdon Co., N. J. All 
three, Paul, Samuel and William, enlisted in the War of the Revolution, with the New 
Jersey troops. Two of the brothers were killed, and the survivor was the ancestor of 
Aaron Adams, through John^ his grandfather, b. about 1770, and John ^9., b. at New 
Germantown« N. J., Jan. xo, 1802. The mother of Aaron Adams was Mary A. Stur- 
gess (b. x8io), daughter of Joseph Sturgess, b. about 1780, in Somerset Co., N.J. The 
father of Aaron carried on business for some years in Warren st, N. Y.,' and after- 
wards removed to Somerset Co., N. J., where he had a country store, and another in 
Newark, N. J. Aaron was educated at the public schools of New York and New 
Jersey, and after leaving school was clerk in his father's Newark store until he was 
twenty-two years of age. He then obtained a position as salesman in the wholesale 
grocery house of J. T. Wilson, with whom he remained five years. In 1867 he be- 
came a member of the firm, of which he was one of the organizers, of Fleming. 
Adams & Howe, importers and wholesale grocers. In 1880, on the death of Mr. 
Fleming, the firm became Adams i^ Howe, which still continues. Mr. Adams is a 
member of the New York Board of Trade. He has been for some years a resident 
of East Orange, and is a director in the East Orange Hank. He married, in 1880, 
Mary R. Lott, daugther of I^tt, of Hunterdon Co., N. J. Issue, three children. 


It is generally believed that this branch of the Adams family trace their line to 
Duncan Adams, son of AIe.\ander Adams who lived in the reign of King Robert 
Bruce, and had four sons : Robert, John, Reginald and Duncan, from whom all the 
Adams, Adamsons and Adies in Scotland are descended. The youngest son, Duncan 



AdaiiiH» ac:coin|ianttfd James, I^rd Douglass, in his exiiedition to the Holy l^ind with 
King Robert's heart, and from him is stated to have descended John Adams, who 
accompanied King James IV. to the field of FIodden,and there lost his life anno 1513. 
He had a son, Charles Adam, seated at Fanno, co. Forfar. In the middle of the ijth 
century there were three brothers, descendants of this family, the eldest of whom re- 
mained in Scotland, while the other two, adding am to their patronymic, left their 
country; James went to Ireland, and b the ancestor of the Adams's of Northlands, co. 
Cavan and Monagan; and William went into North Wales, and from him sprang the 
Adams of Carmathanshire (now known by the name of Ap Adam) of the Adams of 

ROBERT ADAMS, the American ancestor of this family came to- Ainerica about 
X708, and settled in Campl)ell Co., Va., on the Staunton River. He married Pene- 
loi)e, daughter of Charles Lynch, of Alliemarle Co., Va.; by his wife Penelo^ie 
Oates, he had a family of three sons lind six daughters, vis.: 

1. CiiARi.KS Lv.Ncii Ai>AMs, m. Miss Tunstall, daughter of Thomas Tunstall. 
They settled in Pittsylvania Co., Va., and had issue, three sons and four daughters : 
L CAar/es Lpuk^ IL Thomas Tunsiail, III. Robert; L PtMehft^ II. Sally, III. JArrr, 
IV. AtiUy. 

2. RoHKKT AuAMs, m. Mary, daughter of William Lewis. They settled in Amherst, 
near Lynchburgh, and had issue nine sons and two daughters: I. Charles Lyach^ II. 
Jtol^rt //., 111. Joel Terrell, IV. John A., V. Willbm Uwis, VI. (ieor'ge, VII. 
Christopher, VIll. James, IX. Edward; I. Mitiy, m. M. Webb; II. Mary. 

3. J A MRS, of whom presently. 

1. Mii.i.v AuAMs, m. William Ward, son of John Ward of Campbell co., Va., 
and had issue, two sons and two daughters: I. Jioheri AJams, II. Johfi fK; 1. Salfy, 
m. Mr. Smith, and had no issue; II. Milly, m. Mr. Dillard, and had issue. 

2. Aiiams, m. her cousin Charles Lynch. They moved to Kentucky and 
were the parents of Charles Lynch, Governor of Mississippi, with others. 

3. PKNKLofK Lynch Ai>ams, m. Mr. Shackelford and had issue. 
4. m. Mr. .Magher. They moved to Kentucky. 

5. Ki.izakkth Auams, m. Capt. James Ueertng, of Orange co., Va., and had 
issue two sons: L IVilUam Z. Demand , moved to Kentucky, II. James G. -Z^., m. his 
cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Anselm Lynch. They had issue, a son. James ((tenl.), 
in the Confederate service in the late war, who married and left a daughter. 

6. Margarkt Adams, m. Mr. Rice Smith of Virginia. They moved to Kentucky 
and had several daughters: L Milly, m. Matthews Floumoy, an officer of the Revolu- 
tionary War, and had issue two sons and three daughters: I. Marcclhts Dunn, II. 
Vklor ShorcoH, m. and had issue: I. Emily, one of the daughters, m. Robert J.Ward, 
and had a daughter, !ially, who married, first, Lawrence of Boston (divorced), m. sec- 
ondly. Dr. Hunt of New Orleans, and has issue a son, John Ward Hunt. 

RoiiKRT Ai>A.\is, second son of Robert Adams, Jr., m. and left a son Robert, 
merchant in New Orleans, m. and has left issue. 

Ckokok Adams, the sixth son of Roliert Adams, Jr., and Mary Lewis, his wife, 
moved to Kentucky, m. Miss Weissiger, daughter of Daniel Weissiger of Louisville, 


UiirrouY or thk Auamm 1\\miia. (iU 

Ky, and had four sous and three daughters: I. Geor^c^ severely wuur.ded in the Mex- 
ican War, 1848; 11. Hemry Clay: III. William Wlri^ m. Miss Morant, and has issue a 
son and two daughters: I. William Wirt; I. Fanny, and 11. Sally; William Wirt 
Adams, Sen«, d. May, 1888, at Jackson, Miss.; IV. Daniel Weissiger, a lawyer of New 
Orleans, m. Miss Ann Bullus, of Mississippi, and had issue two sons: Datfl Weissiger 
Adorns^ M. D., and Charles; I. Ann Eliza, m, GenL John Freeman, of Jackson, Miss., 
and had issue four daughters, Jouphlae^ Mary Bell^ Emma and Ida; II. Emeline, m/ 
D. BajUey, of Jackson, Miss.; Mary Bell, m. Mr. Newman. 

JiuiBS Adams, third son of Robert and Penelope (Lynch) Adams, m. his cousin. 
Miss Lynch, and had issue, .three sons and one daughter; they moved to Kentucky; 
L Robert^ who was drowned; IL Christopher^ b. about 1769, and d. in 1839, ae. 70; 
moved to Louisiana, and bought considerable land on the Mississippi river, about 95 
miles above New Orleans, in the Parish of Iberville, which he called '* Bellegrove." 
He married Miss Susan Johnson of Tennessee, and had issue a daughter, Penelope 
Lyaeh^ who married John Andrews of New Orleans, formerly of Norfolk, Va. They 
had two sons and five daughters. Mr. C. Adams married secondly Emily, daughter 
of Stephen Smith and Milly, his wife, daughter of Charies Lynch and Sally Adams, 
his wife, and had issue a daughter; III. William^ of whom presently; I. Penelope 
Lynch, m. James Terrell, and had issue three sons and two daughters; I. James^ 
settled in Texas and rose to eminence and high esteem; II. Christopher; III. George 
Washington; L Snsan^ m. Henry Cariton, and had several children; II. Mary; Mrs. 
Terrell, d. in Hinds co.. Miss., t2th April, 1843. John Andrews and Penelope 
Lynch (Adams) had issue two sons and five daughters, viz.: I. Francis^ b. 1833; II. 
John A.; I. Emily Lyneh^ b.1831, hl, first, Edward Shiff, of New Orleans, and had 
a son, Edward^ b. i860, and died 1886; Mr. Shiff d. in i860; Mrs. Shiff ,m., secondly, I 
Gen. James P. Major, a widower, late of the Confederate Army, April, 1871; Gen. 
Major d. at Austin, Texas, in 187I; \\.Vlrglnla^ b. 1835; \\\. Penelope Lynch^h^ 1837, 
m. Gen. Paul Hebert, of Iberville Parish, La., and has issue a son and three daugh- 
ters, viz.: I. PaulH.^ m. to his cousin, Mary Angela, daughter .of the late Dr. Ed- 
ward Morse; L Engenla; II. OetaTla\ III. Penelope Lynch; IV. Mary Angela^ b. 1840, 
m. Dr. Edward Morse; she died 1870, leaving issue a daughter, Mary Angela^vtYiosa^ 
her cousin, Paul Hubert; V. Katharine^ b. 1842, ni. Charles Knowlton, late Captain 
in the Confederate Army in the late war, and has issue a daughter, Ines^ m. to— — 
Mercer, of Montreal. John Hogan and Mary Fort (Adams) had issue three daughters, 
viz.: Mary Fort^ b. 1849, hl, in 1874, Col. E. B. Hriggs, late of the Confederate 
Army. Mrs. Briggs d. 4th Feb., 1877, leaving issuif two sons; IL Virginia Camp^ 
Sarah^ Elizabeth. Mrs. Hogan d. in 1880. 

William Aoams, bom about 1771 and died in the West Indies in 1821, having 
m. Nancy, daughter of Benjamin Chinn, and cousin to Judge Thomas Chinn, of Ken- 
lucky, and leaving issue four sons and three daughters, viz.: L Christopher (Hon.), of 
whom presently; II. William Clarh^ d. at Sheibyville, Ky., 24 July, 1854, having m. . 
Miss Eliza Irby, and leaving issue a son and three daughters, viz.: I. Benjamin \ 
Gaither, m. Miss »-— and has two daughters; L Sarah, m. John Austin; II. Anna \ 
EllMa, m. Mr. Picot; 3 Emma\ III. Lewis Merewether to William Clark Dunm; IV. , 
Benjamin China, b. 1813, and d. 3d June, 1887, at the residence of his son Benjamin 



C, Adomn, Jr., (trenatlu, MiaH^ having m., in 1H40, Miss Caroline lllanks of Miiwi*- 
Hi|>|)t, having had iiuuc four xoai and a daughter, vis.; Charles Lyiuh, b. 1841, m., 
■S71, Mixs Delia Tardy, of Virginia; a. Samutl; j. Benjamin Chinn, b. t8 — ^, attornef 
at law, (irenado, Miwi., m. Miu Dora Chamberlain, and has inue two sons and ft 
d:iughier, Harry, Hfujamiu and Dora% L Uarv Fort Aiiaux, k 16 Nov., 1848, m., 
in 1H70, Harry H. Halt, attorney at law, and has issue a son and two daughters: i. 
C7/>r/(Mr, b. 1877; t Edith /T., b. 1871; 2. MiUrtJ S/dmy, b. 1883. 

. CHRISTOPHER. ADAMS (Hon.), b. «i Oct, i8o<, near Lexington, Ky., of 
IJl Wallah, or Adomx Plate, IbenriUe Parish, La., and d. at Philadelphia 18 July, 
1S53, on hilt way to England, having married Harriett Gage, eldest daughter of Wil- 
liam McCall, Es<{., of Philadel|ihia, ajth June, 1834, and had iwue five sons and two 
(iaughlen^ vix.: I. Ei»waki) Wiiitk, of whom presently; III. RitharJ M(Cail,\i. 2X 
Se|i., d. 10 Kelt., 1X411; IV. Si/jgrrarft, li. it Aug., 1848; V. C'hristo/>hrr, li. 5 Oct., 
1X50,0. 21 July, 1X51; I. p'rautei Ifarrifl, b. 25 July, 1841; II. Klixalieth ElliH. 

EDWARD WHITE ADAMS, eldest son of Hon. Christciplicr and Harriett 
(Uage) .Adams, wa^t tmm in IWrville Parish, I^., Aug. 25, 1844. He went at oneariy 
age with his mother to Europe, and was educated in I'arij, France. While a resident 
(here, he married, 14 0<-t, 1868, Hias Julia 
Biddlc, second daughter of the late Gen. 
James Pinckney Hendemon, Tint Governor 
of Texas, who died as U. S. Senator, and a 
grand-dau^ter of John Cox of Philadel|>hia, 
a descendant of itomc of the most prominent 
families of Pennsylvania. Mr. Adams re- 
turned to I^uisiiana in 1K6X, and took charge 
of the old family estate in Iliurvillc Parish for 
a few years He went uUroad again in 1873, 
and on his return, in 1880, settled in Urange, 
N. J., where he purchased a lieautiful home 
and determined to make this his jiennanent 
residence. Hu engaged in business us a stock 
broker in New Vork, where he K-came well 
and favorably known :i!i :i n).in<»f the hi|;hesl 
integrity and honor, unil made many friends 
among his business associates. While a resi- 
dent of Louisiana he took an active part in 

'-"^'" ■ *'" public and |>»Iilical affairs, .and was attached 

to the slalT uf (*ovemor Warmouth with the rank of Colonel. At his home in 
Orange he was |irutninent in Noi:tal circles, and enjoyed great iicrsonal popularity. 
He inherited many of the traits for which his distinguished ancestors were noted, 
and through his imiemal and maternal ancestoi^i he was connected with the Ilay- 
ards. Cadwaladerx, Kenibles. Fishers, Sitgreaves and other prominent families of 
New York, Peniuylvania and- the South. Mr. Adams died at the residence of his 
mother, Mrs. H. (i. Adams, Morton Road Hove, Brighton, Eng., May 33, 1891, 
leaving two childrvn, J^lia UeMdfrum, b. 11 Seji., i87t, at Archarhon, near 

HiHTOttV ov TiiK Ai»a:4h Family. 71 

Bordeaux, France, and Jamts Phn'knfx Itfudenon^ l>. 5 April, 1X79, at Weimar, 
Saxe Weimar^ 



JOHN ADAMS, of Timberridge» Rockbridge Co., Vo. His ancestor came 
from England, it is supposed, to Penn., from whence the family moved to Va. 

John Adams, whose descendants are here traced, was his son. 

The ancestors of John Adams, of Timberridge, Va., were connected with the 
Presidential branch of the Adams family. They came over during the reign of 
^ William and Mary.'* John Adams, of Rockbridge Hathts, married Jane Hutch ia- 
son, of Scotch-Irish strain, whose family was closely connected with the nobility of 
Ireland and Scotland, ok the Adams family was with the nobility of England. 

The Adamses were planters of means and owned many negroes. They enter- 
tamed with such lavish, such princely hospitality, that the homestead was called an 

Two of John Adams' sons, Capt. James and Capt. Hugh Adams, served in the 
War of 1812. 

John Adams, bom Great Britain, 1720, settled in Penn. about 1790, and after- 
wards moved to Rockbridge Co., Virginia; m. ist, MLss Jane Hutchinson; second 
Miss McIIhenny. Their children: 
Robert H.^ b. 1790. 

Hugh^ died a bachelor, b. 1793; Polly .^dams, I». 1794. 

James^ b. 1788, married Sarah McCroskey. 

Patsejtt b. 1800, married Robert Kea. 

Betsey^ b. 1797, married David Rea. 

Jant^ b. 1805, married Joseph Trevey. 

John^ b. 1802, married Margaret A. (till, born Danville, Ky., 18x4. 

The above James and Sarah McCroskey Adams' children were: 
Robert^ John^ Joseph^ Hug/i^ Pats\\ Mary Jane^ Namy^ lK)m Rockbridge Co., 

The al>ove Hugh Adams, 2d, married Miss Amanda J. McComiick, in Rock- 
bridge Co., Virginia, May 8th, 1845. ^^ diedMan:h loth, 1880. She died Octol>er 
X2th, 1891. Their children were: 

Mary Caroline^ b. Rockbridge Co., Va., April 21, 1846. 

Robert McCormiek^ b. Rockbridge Co., Va., Oct. 21, 1847. 

Cyrus Jfai/f b. Rockbridge Co., Va., Feb. 2t, 1849, of whom hereafter. 

James William^ b. Rockbridge Co., Va., Jan. 2, 1853. 

Sarah JUla^ b. Rockbridge Co., Va., March 10, 1855. 

Hugh Leauder^ b. Rockbridge Co., Va., May 5, 1857. 

Edward Shields^ b. Chicago, 111., Dec. 12, 1859. 

Amanda Virginia^ b. Chicago, III., March 3, 1862. 



John Adams (i) wan a large farmer in Rockbridge Co., Va., and his sons were: 

I. James Adams, a prominent farmer, a man of fine mind, a student of history ,^ 
intelligent and highly res|jected; nu Sarah McCroskey, a most industrious, practical 
woman and a devoted Christian. 

3. Robert H. Adams, removed in early life to the State of Mississippi, where he 
soon became greatly disttnguised as a lawyer, and after serving a year in the Legisla- 
ture, was elected by a large majority to the Senate of the U. S., where he soon rose 
to a high position. He died eariy and was regarded as perha|is the most promising 
and prominent man of his age in the State of his adoption. 

3. Hugh Adams was a large farmer and a prominent and popular man in his 
native County. He lived and died a bachelor and bequeathed his entire fortune to* 
his slaves, who by his direction were freed and transported to Liberia at his death. 

HuoH Adams, the son of James and Sarah (McCroskey) Adams, and grandson of 
John Adams, was bom in Rockbridge Co., Vii^nia, Feb. 10, 1H20. Married Aman- 
da J. McCormick, daughter of' Robert and Mary Ann Hall McCormick, of • Rock^ 
bridge Co., Va., May 8th, 1845, and died March loth, 1880, in Chicago, 111. While 
a resident of Virginia he was a successful merchant and one of the most highly re- 
spected and popular business men of that State. No man ever removed from the 
State who carried with him more of public confidence and good will. Believing that 
the growing Northwest offered him a larger field and better opportunities to start his 
children in the battle of life, he removed with his family to Chicago in 1857. In 
1859, with C>'Tus H. McCormick, his brother-in*law, he established the grain and 
provision commission firm of Cyrus H. McCormick & Co., and became a member of 
the Hoard of Trade. Under his management this house rapidly grew into prominence 
and soon became one of the leading concerns in the great produce trade of the 
Northwest. For upwards of twenty years he was prominently identified with the 
commercial prosfierity of Chicago; his reputation in commericirl circles was of the 
very highest order, and his name was looked upon as the synonym of all that was 
honorable and upright in business transactions. He was one of the oldest and most 
highly lespected memliers of the Chicago lioard of Trade, which body at his death 
unanimously adopted the following resolutions: 

** Whereas, it has pleased The Divine Providence to remove suddenly from our 
midst, by death, Mr. Hugh Adams, for over twenty years a meml>er and formerly a 
Director of the Board, therefore, Resolved: That in the decease of Mr. Adams, 
we recognize the loss of one of the oldest and most valued meml>ers of our Associa- 
tion, and one who, by his unswerving integrity as a Merchant, and by his genial dis- 
|iosition and pleasant demeanor * endeared his memory to us in no ordinary- 

He was a consistent meml>er of the Fourth Presbyterian Church of Chicago and 
an ardent lovec of its meetings, and of all it's work for the Master at the time of his 
death. A man of simple, unostentatious tastes and habits, and of tender sympathy for 
the poor. After the great fire of October, 1871, Cym^ /f. Atiams^ the second son of 
Hugh Adams was admitted to partnership in the business, and the firm name was 
changed to McCormick, Adams and Co. After the death of Hugh Adams this firm 
was continued by Cyrus H. McCormick and Cyrus H. Adams, until the death o£ 




Cyrus H. Cormick in 1884, when it wax succeeded to by the Ann of Cynw ; 
H. Adams Sc Co. This firm was composed of Cyrus H. Adams and his 
two younger brothers, Hugh I«. and Edward S. Adams. The failure of the 
health of Cyrus H. Adams resulted in a dissolution of this firm in 18811, and the busir : 
ness was and is continued by Edward S. Adams and Edward M. Samuel, under the | 
firm name of Adams & Samuel. For upwards of thirty-three years this old house and | 
it's successors has continued- one of the leading concerns in the great grain 'trade of 
the Northwest, and has justly been regarded as one of the strongest bulwarks of the 

Children of Hugh Adams and Amanda McCormick Adams. 
X. Mary Caroline, bom April axst, 1846, Rockbridge Ca, Va., married June 
8th, 1869, Chicago, Illinois, John E. Chapman of Chicago, bom at Ware House 
Point, Conn., September xst, 1836, and died January 4th, i8i2, in New York City. 
Had Issue, Surname Chapman: 

AM$ta, bom June sist, 1870, Chicago, Illinois. 
/aiM Adorns^ bora June 39th, 1873, Chicago, Illinois. 
s. Robert McCormick, bom October axst, 1847, Rockbridge Co., Va. Married, 
October axst, X874, St. Louis, Mo., Virginia Claibom; had issue, Sumaihje Adams: 

JfugA Oaibortie^ bom September 6th, X875, St. Louis, Ma | 

Milini KyU^ bom October 20th, 1877, St Louis, Mo., died October | 
soth, x886. i 

Amanda M€CormUk^ bom August 26th, 1880, Old Sweet Springs, Va. : 
Naihalie^ bom October 19th, 1882, Webster Groves, Mo. 
Virginia Claib&rne^ bom August 3d, 1885, Webster Groves, Ma 
Robert McCormick^ and Marian Kyle^ twins, l>om June 17th, 1890, Webster 
Groves, Mo. 

3. Cyras Hall, bora February aist, 1849, Rockbridge Co., Va. Married, Sep- 
tember 26th, X878, Chicago, Illinois, Emma J. Blair, daughter of the late Lyman Blair; 
had issue, Suraame Adams: 

Cyrui HaU^ bora July 30th, 1881, Chicago, lUnois. 

4. James William, bora January 2d, 1853, Rockbridge Co., Va. 

5. Ella Sarah, bora March loth, 1855, Rockbridge Co., Va., married Willis E. 
Lewis, June 9th, x886, had issue. Surname Lewis: 

Genevieve^ born July X7th, 1888. 

6. Hugh Leander, bora May 5th, 1857, Rockbridge Co., married Susan Kirby, 
November, x88x, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and died June 4th, 1891, Watkins, N. Y. 
Had issue, Suraame Adams: 

Hugh Ltander^ Jr., bora August ad, 1882, Chicago, Illinois. 
. Z/Vtf, bora Sept. axst, X883, Milwaukee^ Wisconsin. 
Asaline^ bora , Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

7. Edward Shields, bora December xath, 1859, Chicago, Illinois. 

8. Amanda Virginia, bora March 3d, X862, Chicago, Illinois, married Wallace 
Varwell Campbell, Chicago, Illinois, Octolier 12th, 1886, had issue, Suraame 

Mary Virginia^ bora March 24th, x888. 

ti HitfTOiiY or THK AuA3tM Family. 

AMANDA (NfcCORMICK) ADAMS, wife of Hugh Adaim, and the youngeit 
sister of the late Cyrusi H. and William S. McCormick and of Leander J. McCormick, 
of Reaper fame, was a woman remarkable for her tieatitiful Christian character and 
unselfish devotion to her family. Her rare qualities and influence were felt by all who 
surrounded her. Her death occurred October lath, 1891, Watkins, N. Y. 

JO.SKPH AD.\MS, son of James Adams and Grandson of John Adams, lived 
at Rockbridge Baths, Rockbridge Co., Va. His sons, Hugh Adams and James 
Adams, died leaving families. 

Mrs. Emma A. Fant, of Madison Court House, Va., is a daughter of aliove 
Joseph .\dams. 

Rolnrrt L. Rca, M. !>., son of Roliert and Patsy (Adams) Rea and Grandson of 
John Adams and his first wife, Miss Hutchinson, of Rockbridge Co., Va., is one of 
Chicago's leading and most prominent Alopathic physicans, for many years Professor 
of Anatomy in Rush Medical College. 

CYRUS H.\LL AD.\MS, the second son of Hugh Adams and Amanda (Mc- 
Cormick) Adams, was l>orn at Kerr's Creek, Rockbridge Ca, Va., February 3zst, 1849. 
He was educated at one of the public schools of Chicago ai|d at the Chicago Uni* 
versity, and entered the office of Cyrus H. McCormick & Co., Commi.ssion Mer* 
chants, Chicago, as a book-keeper in the 18th year of his age. He is a young man 
of fine mind, and a lover of books, well informed on all subjects of the day, especial- 
ly those |>ertaining to the history of his own country. Few are possessed of a more 
unselfish and generous nature, and these qualities combined with a genial manner and 
retiring dis|>osition make him highly appreciated by those who know htm well. He 
became a member of the Chicago Board of trade in 1870, and was admitted to the 
firm as partner after the great Chicago Fire in 187 t, when the firm name was changed 
to McCormick, Adams ^ Co. This house was founded by Cyrus Hall McConnick 
and Hiigh Adams, and had grown to be one of the largest and stronge&t houses in the 
great graiii trade of Chicago. Until 187 1 their business was principally that of re- 
c:eiving and selling grain, and under the management of Hugh Adams the had 
assumed a |)osition .second to none in the trade. The success and establishment of 
the business after the Chicago fire of 187?. is largely due to the rare qualities of 
cncr};y, ability and strict integrity of Cyrus Hall .Adams who became his father's right- 
hand man. When admitted to partnership, Cyrus Hall Adams assumed the manage- 
ment of a new department, devoted to buying and selling grain and provisions for 
future delivery, and built up a large and profitable business in this line. In addition 
to his business, Mr. Adams, from the first took an acriye part in the general affairs of 
the Boird of Trade and became one of it's most prominent and influential members. 
He was elected a memlier of the Arbitration Committee in 1875, and after a two years 
term of service was immediately chosen to fill a three years term in the Board of 
Trade Directory. At the expiration of the three years, he was promoted to the Com- 
mittee on .\ppeals, on which he served for two years. In 1882 he was urged to ac- 
cept the office of President of the Hoard, and has been repeatedly urged to do so since, 
but failing in health and pressure of private business has compelled him to forego this 
honor. It is generally conceded by hb associate members, that during his active and 
official connection with the Board, Mr. Adams did as much, if not more than any 


Other memberi to reform and improve it's methcMls cif business. Largely ihrfiitgh his 
efforts the Board of Trade Clearing«House was estalilished, with it's vahiahle system 
of off setting contracts; he was mainly the author and founder of the system of, 
delivering property by notice or order, which is one of the greatest safeguards of 
the business, and with him also originated the invaluable system of checking trans* 
actions by daily notices, sent through the mail department of the Board, established 
for that purpose. These reforms and radical changes almost revolutionized the busi- 
ness methods of the Board and established a security in it's transactions, which has 
not only been of incalculable value, but are admitted means of progress and exten- 
sion of the trade, that would scarcely have been possible under it's old methods. 
During his active connection with the Board he also served frequently in temporary 
Committees, and was especially engaged in formulating the rules which govern it's in- 
tricate and widely extended business transactions. 

He is a Director of the National Bank of America of Chicago, and a Trustee and 
Treasurer of the McCormick Theological Seminary, l)esides holding other |x>sitions 
of trust and responsibility. 

In politics he is an independent Democrat, and an ardent !)eliever in Civi4 
Service and Tariff Reform, but holds that fiarty-slavery, next to human-slavery, is 
one of the greatest evils of this country, a menace to the Republican fonn of 

In religion he is a Presbyterian, and a meml>er of the Fourth Presbyterian 
Church of Chicago. 

He is a member of the Union League, Union and Athletic Clubs of Chicago, 
but of a quiet and retiring disi)Osition, and spends the most of his leisure hours at 
home with his family. 

In 1878 he married Miss Emma J. Blair, eldest daughter of the late lamented 
Lyman Blair of Chicago and they have one son, Cyrus H. Adams, Jr., ]x>m July 
30th, x88i. 

The Adamses were Presbyterians of the deepest blue. They were strong advo- 
cates of the early planting of churches in the Valley of Virginia. They were noted 
for their unswerving principles and deep convictions^ both religiously and politically. 
An English ancestor was knighted for devotion to Charles I. 


Senator Robert H. Adams, previously mentioned, a son of John Adams of Rock- 
bridge Baths, emigrated to Mississippi at an early age, and commenced the practice 
of law at Natchez. He died in less than a year after his election to the U. S. Senate, 
ere his mighty intellect had culminated. His sjieeches in behalf of the removal of 
the Choctaws and Chicasaws, to the Indian Territory, are still extant. 

(ten. John Adams of Mississippi, one of the most valiant officers of the Confed- 
erate army, was killed at the terrible battle of Franklin, Tenn. His war horse had 
dashed through a lake of blood, he was found lying by lance and shield, his banner 
furled, where his faithful men had made their vain last stand. 

70 HiMTOiiy OF THE A0.UI8 Family. 

$amuel Adams gave the first stroke for freedom — ^his graduating s|ieech at Har- 
vard, against the tyranny of George III, which was in conse<iuence called in En- 
. gland the ^ Adams Reliellion." Nearly a century afterward Ocn. Wirt Adams com- 
manded in the last battle of the f^iteful struggle, the civil war. 

In the early fuirt of this century a son of John Adams of Timlierridge, emigrated 
to Hourlion Co , Kentucky. His son, Judge George Adams, removed with his family 
to Southern Mississippi. The sons of the latter, Generals Wirt and Dan Adams were | 
distinguished ofRcers in the Confederate Cavalry. Gen. Dan Adams commanded in 
one of the last battles of the war, Selma, Alabama. ''With jeweled consistency 
' Gen. Wirt Adams declined a position in the Confederate Cabinet, and rode continu- 
ously and fearlessly through the whirlwind of war.'* Handsome as " Philip the Fair,'*' 
he stood six feet in his stirrups, the noblest paladin of the South who rode to war. 
At the Court of Philip Augustus, he would have led the nobles, at the Court of En- 
gland, he would have led the Barons, and with the Crusadeni he would have ridden 
abreast with Godfrey Bouillon or Richard Coeur de Lion. 

One of the first to step into the arena of strife, at his crommand the smoke of 
battle canopied the last scene of the civil war. 

CAPT. H. W. ADAMS, of the Confederate Army, the eldest son of John 
Adams, resides in the Indian Territory. Capt James and John Adams who served '. 
in the U. S. .\rmy are both deceased. In personal appearance, military bearing, 
and braver)', the former was the counterpart of Gen. Wirt Adams the Paladin of 

Southland. > 


JOHN ADAMS, youngest srm of John Adams of Rocrkbridge Bath, was edu* 
cated at Liberty Hall, now Washington Lee College. He .studied medicine at Lynch-' 
burg, Va., afterward removed to Missouri. 

He was a man of high honor, an incorruptible citizen— deeply constrientious in the 
discharge of his public duties. As an Elder of the Presbyterian church, he was un- 
swerving in his devotion and faith — the heritage of his fathers. 

Mrs. Sue Landon Vaughan, second daughter of John .Vdams and niece of U. S. 
Adams of Mississippi, is devoted to Literature and Art She received the degree of 
Mistress of L. H. 0. from her Alma Mater, Fulton Synodical College, Missouri. 
Mrs. Vaughan is the founder of Decoration Day, April 26, 1865, which ts inscribed 
oh the State Monument, Jackson, Missi. She ap|)ealed to the women of Southland, 
through the columns of the *' Afississi/tiau^'' to ^ Garland the graves of our patriot 
braves." On first Decoration Day every soldier mound was garlanded with spring's, 
loveliest blossoms. 

Miss Sara R. Adams, third daughter of John Adams, a lady of culture and 
scholarly attainments, is a graduate of Danville Seminary. Her home is at Golden 
Gate, California. ; 

The maternal relatives of this branch of the Adams family — the Fishers and 
(raan— came over in the '* Loyal Judith,** and settled in Madison Ca, Va., 1732. 

MATERNAL FAM ILY CREST. The Gaars received from Emi>cror Charles 
V, in the year 1519, for their true and loyal services. Crest: blue fields with black 
lilies, which symliolixe the age of family tree. An ofien knight's helmet on which a 

HlMTllllV OK TIIK All.\3lS r\.MII.\. 'il 

crown is posted, and on the top two eagles' «-in|^ synitMilixe the asctent of the family. 

The helmet is covered with red and silver. 


• HUGH WHITE ADAJIS, merchant, was bom at Barlioursville, Knox county, 
Ky., March ajth, 1843, son of Geo. Madison Adams, bom at Bartonsville, grandson of 
Randolph, bom Henry ca, Val, 177 a, great grandson of Thomas Randolph Green- 
field Adams, bora at Henry ca, Va., in 1709; probably a descendant of Richard Adams, 
who embarked for Virginia in the sloop Globe, of I^ndon, Aug. 6th, 1635. The 
family is of Welsh origin and trace their descent from Sir John Ap Adams, M. P., 
1296 to 1307, who, it is said, ^ came out of the. Marches of Wales.'* The mother of 
Hugh W. Adams was Amelia Cain White, daughter of Hugh I^ White, whose father 
was William White, a descendant, proliably of John, !>. in Canterbury, Eng., who 
came to America in the ship ^ Welcome " with William Penn, 1682, and settled in 
Pennsylvania. He was entitled to sword of Knighthood, but on account of religious 
scruples his title was suppressed. His ancestor was Knighted in the rdgn of Henry 
III, A. D. iai6. John White, the maternal uncle of H. W. Adams, was a member of 
the a7th Congress, contemporaneous with Clay, Webster and Calhoun, and was made 
Speaker of the House by Clay in 1841. CoL Hugh L. White, the great uncle of Mr. 
Adams, served with distinction in the War of the Revolution. Mr. Adams, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was prepared for college at private schools in Barboursville^ and 
entered Central College, of Kentucky. The Civil War broke out during his Junior ; 
year, and he left college to join the Union army, he being among the few descendants ' 
of the old Southern families who remained true to the Union. He enlisted early in . 
1 861 in Company H, Seventh, Ky. Infantry Vols, as private, and was shortly after 
attached to the non-commissioned staff as Sargeant Major. His first engagement was - 
that of '« Wild Cat,'* Ky. At the battle of Mill Springs or Beech Grove, Jan. 19-20, | 
i86a, between Gen. Thomas (Federal), and Gen. Zollikoffer (Confederate), Mr. 
Adams was on detached service and served as volunteer aid to the staff of Gen. Sam- 
uel P. Carter. In the campagn of Cumberland Gap, he was in Gen. Geo. W. Mor- 
gan's division. At the latter place his regiment was mounted and sent to Richmond, 
Ky., to join Gen William Nelson. He i)articipated in the battle of Richmond, fought' 
Aug. 30th, 1863, when, after being wounded, he had a hand to hand encounter and 
killed his adversary. He was subsequently taken prisoner, and after three days' con- 
finement was released on parole, and exchanged in the following 6ctoiier. For his 
^llantry on this occasion he was promoted 1st I^ieut and Adjutant. He found his 
command in the autumn of that year, participated in campaign in W. Va., against 
Floyd^ and then transferred to the Army of Tennessee, and particiiiated in the Vicks- ; 
burg campaign under Sherman. At the battle of Chickasaw Bluff, fought Dec aQth, [ 
1 86a, in the absence of his superior officers, he took his regiment into the fight, and 
for his coolness and gallantry on the field, he was promoted Major. He took part in 
the* assault on Arkansas Post, Jan. nth, 1863, and was one of the first to enter the, 
fort He also participated in the several engagements in the rear of Vicksburg; until 
its final surrender. He commanded the regiment at Thompson's Hill, near Grand ' 
Gulf, and was second in command iat Champion Hill (or Barker's Creek), and Black , 
River Bridge, May 19-aa, 1863, took part in the battle of Jackson, Miss., July 16th,. 


ahil rohiinanclcd a detachment of looo men, whirh dtfstro)'ccl the ratlnud running 
Soilth from JarkAon. In AugUHt followring, owing to a .severe illnesui (which continued 
for fifteen years), he waH comjielled to resign and return home. His father, who was 
also an ardent patriot, rendered Important service during the early i>art of the war« 
He was ap|X)inted Captain and Commissiary of Sulisistence by President Lincoln, in 
July; i86i. While stationed at Camp Dick Robinson, Gen. Zolltkoffer, commanding 
the (Confederate) Army of Tennessee, began his march through Cnmberiand Gap„ 
and Gen. Thomas, commanding the Federals, was without means of subsistence for 
his army, and unable to check the advancing Confederates, the sympathies of the inhab« 
itants being largely with the rebels. In this dilemma Capt Adams offered to pledge^ 
his private fortune and at once rode to I^exington, where he w:as welI*known among, 
the merchants, and purchased sufficient food and other materials- to meet the emer- 
goicy. Gen. Thomas said to him that he was ** the noblest Roman of them all,*' and 
that he believed that this unselfish act of patriotism was without a parallel in the war^ 
Oh a previous occasion he supplied the East Tenii. troo|>s in the same manner. Capt^ 
Adams, like his son, was stricken with a severe illness and compelled to resign in 
1863. H. \V. Adams, the son, subsequently engaged in the wholesale dry goods bus- 
iness at Lexington, Ky., continuing until 1874, when he removed to New York city 
and engaed in the iron business, which he has since carried on successfully. He is a 
member of the N. Y. Com. of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, U. S., of 
Ulric Dalhgrehn Post, No. a6, Dept. N. J., of the Washington Ass'n, N. J., Memlusr 
Met« Museum of .\rts, N. Y., Union League and Historical Society of Yirginia. Mr. 
Adams married, in Jan., 1867, Miss Caroline B. Haywood, daughter of Ilenj. Haywood,. | 
Ksq., of Pottsville, Pa. He has four children, his eldest, a graduate of Princeton, is. 
now (1893), at Har%-ard I«aw School, and two others are preparing to enter college. 

ADAMS FA31ILY of Carroll County, Maryland and 

Fairfax County^ Ya. 

K K A XC [S A DA MS, of Charles Co., Md., is the first direct ancestor of this hranclii 
of the Adams family of which there is any authentic informatiim. lie and many f>f 
his descendants Inire the Arms and Crest of an old distinguished family mentioned in 
** llurke's (general Armory/' vi^: Arms^ Ermine, three cats-a-mountain, passant in 
pale sable. Crtsi^ a greyhound's head, cou|jed ermines, charged on the neck with two. 
liars gemelles, or. Francis Adams was bom about 1680, and in 1707, married Mary,, 
daughter of (reorge Godfrey, of Charles Co., Planter. By deed, dated Nov. 13, 1707^ 
the said Godfrey conveyed to Vrancis Adams and Mary his wife, i>art of a tract of 
land called *' Troo|>s Rendesvous." The issue of Francis and Mary (Godfrey) Adams,, 

/psias^ who in his will, recorded Aug. 17th, 1773. mentions as children: Daniel' 
Jtni/tr AJitms^ Elizabeth Mason Adams and Anna Adams. 

Gtorge^ living in 1749. 

I^naiius^ to whom his father bequeathed ''Troops Rendesvous.'* 

IhsTOKY OK Till. Al•.\>l^* l''\MII.V. ' jil 

AkrJntga^ of whom hvrcafter. 

Siimuel^ who died in 1748, leaving isstic, TaHiM9^ Cr/iti^ Ai^aiiaA and CTrv. 

/'VaariSt of Chariest Co. 

ABEDNEGO ADAMS, of Fairfax Co., Ya., fourth child of France and 'Mary 
(Godfrey) Adams, was bom in 1721. When quite young he settled in Fairfax, Co.» 
Va., on lands lying between the two branches of " Little Hunting Creek/* In 1753 he 
inherited by will the lands of his cousin William Godfrey, of Fairfax Co., and in 1760 
obtained from Lord Fairfax, proprietor of the Northern Neck of Virginia, a grant of 
land in Fairfax Co. He married three times; by his first wife he had three children; 
his third wife was Hannah Moss, of Fairfax, Co., he died, Nov. i, 1809. In his will, 
dated June aSth, 1804, he mentions the following children: 

Josias Peaki^ of whom hereafter. 

Francis^ of Centerville, Fairfax Co., b. Feb. 7th, 181 1, at his homestead in 
** Mount Gilead,** in Centerville. This was one of the few houses in the village 
that survived the Battle of " Bull Run/' He served in the War of the Revolu- 
tion and was subsequently appointed by President John Adams in the ** Excise 
Office,'* equivalent to that of Collector of Internal Revenue of the present day. 
He married, Feb. 8th, 1777, his cousin Ann, dau. of Humphrey Peake. Issue^ 
Caihariiie^ b. Feb. ist, 1778; Thomas Louis, b. Aug. 20th, 1778; Mary Sionc^ 
strcit^h. Feb. 23d, 1782; George^ FJitabcih^ Ana Peake^ Frances Foiscm, 

Johttf went to sea and was never heard from. 

Robert^ m. Lucy Cordell, and had issue, George Martin and others. 

AbednegOf m. and had issue, Robert (supposed to have been a builder in New 
York about 1835), Aheinego^ Samitei^ Julia^ Elizabeth^ Sarah Jane^ Mary^ 

James^ m. Miss Bruner, had issue, Samuel^ Julia^ Elizabeth^ Sarah Jane. 

Mary Ann^ of Centerville, Va., spinster, died in 1822. 

Sarah Moss^ b. April 15th, 1778, m. Thomas Peake, of Center\*ille. 

JOSIAS PEAKE ADAMS, of Lomlon Co., Va., eldest son of Abednego and 
Mary (Peake) Adams, lK>m about 1748. In 1791 he married Elizabeth Price Crump,, 
of Tanquier Co., Va.; issue: 

Francis, of whom hereafter. 

IVilliam Godfrey, b. Oct. 9th, 1795, died unmarried. 

FRANCIS ADAMS, of Ale^ndria, Va., eldest child of JosiaH IVakeand Eliza- 
beth Price (Crump) Adams, was born July 22d, 1793. He was a merchant in Alex- 
andria. He married, Dec. 20th, 181 4, Mary Rickett.s, daughter of William and Jane 
Barr (Stuart) Newton, of Alexandria, and sister of Commodore John Thomas Newton,. 
U. S. N. Francis Adams served in the War of 1812-15. He was vestryman of 
Christ Church, at Alexandria, where Gen. Washington worshipped. On March 3d, 
1819, ^^ ^^ appointed U. S. Consul, at Trieste, Austria, and on Aug. 8th, 1823, U. 
S. Consular Agent at Matanzas, Cuba, at which latter place he established the firm of 
Latting, Adams & Stewart, and bought a coffee estate which he named ^ Mount Ver* 
non.*' By his marriage with Miss Newton, he had issue: 


Jant NewioH^ b. in AlexandriOi March isth^ 1816, m« 18339 Jainesi B. Goddard, 
of Norwich^ Ct. 

IViiliam Nrwion^ of whom hereafter. 

Alarj RickeiU^h. Alexandria, Nov. 19th, r82o, m. 1850, Ciardner Greene, of 
Norwich, .Conn. 

Louisa JfuwiaaJ^h.'Hityt York, May aist, 1824, nu April i8th, 1850, Arthur 
Moore Heardsley, of Utica, N. Y., !ion of Judge Samuel Iteardsley. 

WILL1.\M NKVVTONADAMS,ofi7riwi^vy,Ar. K, only son and second child 
of Francis and Mary Ricketts (Newton) Adams, of Alexandria, Va., was b. in Alex- 
andria, Va., Se|>t« isth, 1818. He was educated at Norwich, Conn. At the ag^ of 
nineteen he went to Venezuela, where he engaged in business. He married, Sep. 29, 
1844, Carmen, daughter of Don Vicente Antonio Miche!ena,of Caracas, Administra- 
tor of Customs at I^ Guayra, and President of the '* Tribunal de Cuentes,'* at Cara* 
cas, a descendant of the ancient family of de Michelcna, of the Valle de Cyarzun, 
Province of Guyruzcoa, S|)ain. In 1848, he went to the island of Cuba, where he be- 
came a partner of the house of Brooks & Co., of Santiago de Cuba. He was for sev- 
eral years U. S. Consul at that place. He was a man of culture and a frecfuent con- 
tributor to the press, of articles and criticisms, es]>ecjally on the financial theories of 
the day. He returned to the United States in 1865 and engaged in business. He 
died June 26th, 1877. By his marriage with Miss Michelena, he had issue: 

Afary Etisa^ b. Caracas, Venezuela, June 30th, 1845, "^ Theodore Brooks. 

lyiUiam Newton^ of whom hereafter. | 

Francis Vhumif b. Santiago deCuba, April nth, 1949, d. March 11, 1853. ! 

Amelia Louisa^ b. Santiago de Cuba, April i8th, 1850, m. James T, Thurston, Jr. 

Charles Frederic^ of New York, b. Santiago de*Cuba, July 27th, 185 1, graduated j 
LL. B. from Harvard Law School in 1871, admitted to the New York Bar, Sep. 
14th, 1872. j 

Thomas Brooks^ b. Santiago de Cuba, Oct. 24th, 1852. 

Carmen^ b. Santiago de Cuba, Dec. i6th, 1855^ d. Sep. 23d, 1858. 

Francis Vincent ^\k Santiago de Cuba, Nov. loth, 1856, d. Dec. 24th, 1S65. 

Ernest Ifenry^ b. .Santiago de Cuba, Dec. 16th, 1857. 

Fretierick Au^nstns^ b. Santiago de Cuba, Jan. 24111, 1H59. 

Carmen^ b. Santiago de Cuba, Feb. 17th, i860, d. Nov. 19th, 1862. 

Rev. Henry Angnstus^ Rector of the Church of the Redeemer, New York, b. San- 
tiago de Cuba, Sep. 20th, x86i. 1 

Caroline Afathiide^ b. Santiago de Cuba, June 14th, 1863. 

\Vn-M.V.\I NEWTON ADAMS, of Brooklyn, N. K., eldest soir of William ( 
Newton and Carmen (Michelena) Adams, was born in Caracas, Venezuela, Nov. 25, ' 
1846. He was educated at the private school of Rev. Chasi. K. Abbott, at Norwich, 
Conn., and at the Norwich Free Academy. He afterwards spent three years abroad 
with the mercantile house of W. A. Fretze & Co, Bremen, ( Germany. He returned to 
New York in 1865, ^'^^ spent seven years with a West India firm as cashier^ and in 
1873 joined his father in establishing the New York branch of Brooks & Ca, of San- 
tiago de Cubx In 1880 he established himself in the banking and brokerage busi* 
ness under the firm name of Adams, Kellog & Mason, which in 1886 tiecame Andrews, 


Adams & Kellogg. He mamed^ May asth, 187O1 Rlixabeth Haqier, daughter of 
Jamet L. and Amanda Phebe (Brickmaster) Tnislowi of Brooklyn, N. Y., issue: Amy 
Louise, b. June ajd, 1871; Heriiert Tnislow, K Nov. loth, 1875; J^nies Tnislow, li« 
Oct i8th, 1878. 

SAMUEL RICHARD ADAMS, of y/rgisiia and New York City, was bom in 
Loudon Co., Va., Sept 14th, 1817. He was the son of RUkard who was the son of 
Samitil^ who was the grandson of Francis A Jams and Mary Godfrey, of Charles Co., 
Md« Samuel R. Adams was a merchant in Alexandria, Va., before the war, removed 
thence to Richmond, and, after the close of the war moved to New York, 1869, where 
he carried on business as a merchant until his death, Dec 14th, 1888. He married 
Theresa Veitch, daughter of Richard Veitcb, who was the son of William Veitch, a 
•captain in the British Navy. One Henry Veitch, probably of the same family, was 
Lieut Col. of the 98th Regt of Foot, in the British army, in 1780. Elizabeth Crease, 
the wife of Richard Veitch, was the daughter of Anthony Crease, also a captain in 
the Royal Navy, 17761 who was the father of Capt Henry Crease, R. N., 1830^ and 
the gruid father of Major General John Frederick Crease, C B., of the Royal En- 
Queers, Major General Anthony Crease, of Marine Artillery, English Army. The 
issue of the marriage of Samuel Richard and Theresa (Veitch) Adams was Framk^ 
William Harrison^ and Henry Ck^. Frank, the eldest, married, first, Fanny Beall 
Oinnon, 6t Baltimore, by whom he had one child, Fanny; he married secondly, Edith 
Ellison, of ' Louisville, by whom he had two children, vis.: Francis Ellison and 
Theresa; William H. the second son married Mary DeWitt, of Richmond, Va. 
Issue, Helen DeWitt and Anthony Crease. The three brothers named succeeded their 
father in business. 

MAJOR DANIEL JENIFER ADAMS, of Maryland, was bom in Charles 
■Ca, Md., in •X7sx, be was the son of Josias and Ann Adams, of the same county, 
and grandson of Francis, the ancestor of this branch, who was bom about z68o, and 
married in 1707, Mary Godfrey, daughter of George Godfrey, Esq., of Maryland. He 
was a brilliant and dashing officer in the war of the Revolution, was Major of the 7th 
Regiment '* Maryland Line," Continental army. It was during one of his romantic 
army adventures that he met Miss Hanson, whom he afterwards married He was 
rsheriff of the county, a prominent merchant, owning it is said, several thousand acres 
of land in Maryland and Virginia. In his father's will he is named as administrator, 
he and his two sisters being the only children. Among the children of Daniel Jenifer 
and (Miss Hanson) Adams, was Thomas Jenifer the father of Howard Jenifer 
Adams, who married Elizabeth Flint, daughter of William Flint, a native of England. 
The issue of this marriage was two children of whom the oldest was, 

CHARLES JENIFER ADAMS, of New York City, bom in Philadelphia, 
Pa., March 4th, i86s. He subsequently moved with his father to Baltimore, Md., 
-where he attended public and private school, and completed his education at the 
Brooklyn (N. Y.) Collegiate Institute. Has been engaged in business in New York 
City for some years. 


HsNRY AuAiis^ov Braintr£R^ AND His Dbsckmuanth: 

L Kenry« IL Thomas, IIL Samuel, IV. Jonathan, V. Peter, VL John, vaob. 

VII. Joseph, VIII. Edwaid, IX. UnuU.... 5,6,7 

Eleaxer, John, sons of Henry (a) 7 

Joseph* son of VII. Joseph, of Braintree 7 

Capt. John, son of VIL Joseph, of Braintree.. 7 

Henry, of Medfield,son of Henry (a)....* 8 

John, of Medfield, son of VIII. Edward. & 

Thomas,of Medfield, son of John S 

Nathan, son of Thomas, of Amherst ••.•• & 

Rev. Joseph Adams, of Newington, N. H ft 

Josqih and Benjamin, sons of above xo 

Ebeneser, of Braintree, brother Rev. Joseph, above.. 10 

Charles Winthrop Adams, of Cambridge, Mass , and his line. 17 

Peter, son of VIL Joseph, of Braintree. .' . 10 

John Adams, second President U. S 10- 

John Quincy Adams, son of above t^I 

Charies Francis, son of John Quincy j^\ 

Charles Francis, Jr., son of above. • 14 

Henry, son of aliove •• 14. 

Samuel Adams, the patriot and orator 14 

Jonathan, son of Vlli. Edward •• ij; 

John, son of VIII. Edward : 15 ; 

Henry, of Medfield and Canterbury \ i^\ 

John, John, John > t6-; 

Rev. William Adams, all of Canterbury ) t6> 

Hannah Adams, of Medfield, the authoress 16 

Isaac and Seth Adams, inventors, 17 

Rev. Amos Adams, of Roxbury, Mass.,. \ so* 

Joseph, son of above. > ax | 

Charies Adams, of New York City. ) sa 

John Quincy Adams, of St Paul, Minn ^ ..•••••• sj. 

Andrew Adams, of Milton, Mass. \ sj. 

Benjamin Adams, of Lancaster, N. H »••• I 94. 

Harvey Adams, of Lancaster, N. H I 24 

Mrs. Flora Adams Darling, authoress, Washington, D.C . . • . , 1 26 j 

Mn. Sadie Blaisdell (Adams) Smith, New York City 19. , 

John Quincy Adams, New York City. •• , j s^ 

Tndkx« 83 ! 


• - PAas. I 

Henry Henchel Adams, New York City 31 j 

Charles Henry Adams, New York City • 34; 

Charles Franklin Adams, M.D 3S ^ 

Charles Qark Adams, Boston, Mass 36 

Daniel Elwin Adams, Boston, Moss 36 

Edwin Milton Adams, Chicago, 111., and his line • • ) 37 

Chauncey Edward • ) 3^ 

Rev. George Moolton Adams. 38 

Washington Irving Adams, New York City •• 38 

Frank Herbert Adams, New York City • 40j 

Jasper Hide Adams, North Adams, Mass • . • . • ) 401 

William Oscar^ son of above. North Adams, Moss. 1 41' 

Samuel Cary Adams, Buffalo, N. Y 41 

Henry Adams, New York City. ; 42 

Bentley Fuller Adams, New York City. ;..•• 42 

John Quincey Adams, Lewiston, Me. • 43 

Alexander Clinton Adams. 43 

George Davis Adams, Cleveland, Ohio. 43 

Louis Augustus Adams • 44 

John Adams, of Cambridge, and his Descendants. 

Said to be ** VI. John," son of Henry, of Braintree. .••••••••; 44 

Menotomy Settlers: John and his issue, Joseph, and his issue . • • 45 

Joseph (2) and his issue. .••••••• 45 

Joseph, Joseph (3) and his issue, Nathan 46 

Nathan, Nathan • 47 

Medford Settlers: John Quincy, Edward Perkins Adams 48 

John Wellington Adams • 48 

Joseph Adams Smith, Paymaster General U. S. N., Washington, D. C 49 

Amos Crandall Adams, San Francisco, CaL .••• ••.••••• 52 

Henry Crandall Adams, New York City.... 53 

John Adams, of Marshfield, Mass., Flushing, L. I., West New Jersey.. 55 

William Adams, of Camiiriogk and Ipswich, and His Descendants 56 

Rev. William Adams, Dedham, Mass 57 

Simon Adams, of I|)swich, Mass. 57 

John, Nathaniel, Thomas, Thomas, of Ii)swich ..• 57 

Ephraim Adams, New Ipswich, N. H 57 

Benjamin, Nathaniel, Thomas, Samuel ••.* 58 

Rev. Eliphalet Adams, New London, Conn • « 58 

Charles Kendall Adams, President of the University of Wisconsin • 59 

Frederic Adams, Newark, N. J •••• 59 

John Brown Adams, Springfield, Mass •••• •»,• ^» 60 

Robert Adams, of Nkwburv, Mass. 6s 

Sergeant Abraham, Jacob, Archelaus, Richard. •••... 6a 

Joseph Adams, M. D • • 63 

Clarence Everage Adams, Chicago, III 6^ 

\i ...■-" I \ .Jkr» 


Christoi'Hkr AuAMHy OK IIraintkkk, Mass 64 

Ferdinado Adams. • • . • • 64 

RoGKR Adams, or Roxbuky, Mass • • 64 

RiCHARU Adams, or Salkm, Mass. 64 

Adams Emigrants who Srttlrd in Boston, M ass . • 64 

Nathaniel Adams '. 65 

Jonathan Adams, Boston, Mass , • 6$ 

JsRKMY Adams, Hartford, Conn 6$ 

EDWAko Adams, of Milford, Fairfield Conn. ; 66 

Thomas Xdams, of New Haven, Conn 66 

GsORGK Adams, of Branford, Conn 66 

Danibl Adams, of Simsbuiy, Conn....... 66 

Edward Adams, of Windsor, Conn '. 67 

Adams Family or Campjirli. Co., Va 67 

Christopher Adams, • 70 

Edward White Adana • •• 70 

Adams Family op Rockbridgk County, Va ., 71 

Amanda McCormick Adams \ 

Joseph Adams %..., .> 74 

Cyrus Hall Adams • ) 

Mississippi Branch of Rockbridgk Co., Va., Family 76 

Hugh White Adams, New York. 77 

Adams Family of Carroll Co., Md., and Fairfax Cil, Va 78 




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